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1

METHODOLOGY ARTICLE Open Access Quality assessment of protein model-structures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

similar to proteins functionally similar to the prediction target. Whereas DALI is used to measure structure similarity, protein functional similarity is quantified using standardized and hierarchical model quality assessment method, the other is its modification, which provides a relative measure

Nebel, Jean-Christophe

2

Abstract -This paper presents a methodology and a tool for the coupled magnetic-structural with semi-analytical models. For this  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract - This paper presents a methodology and a tool for the coupled magnetic-structural with semi-analytical models. For this coupling, the magnetic model is available; we developed the structural MODEL Magnetic fields radiated by permanent magnets and conductors are computed through Coulombian

Boyer, Edmond

3

Combining Modeling Methodologies for Improved Understanding of Smart Material Characteristics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Combining Modeling Methodologies for Improved Understanding of Smart Material Characteristics Material Systems and Structures February 2, 1998 ABSTRACT Smart materials are complex materials performance capabilities but the synergistic response of the smart material and companion structure. Behavior

Lindner, Douglas K.

4

Advanced Model and Methodology Development [Heat Transfer and Fluid  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Advanced Model and Advanced Model and Methodology Development Capabilities Engineering Computation and Design Engineering and Structural Mechanics Systems/Component Design, Engineering and Drafting Heat Transfer and Fluid Mechanics Overview Thermal Hydraulic Optimization of Nuclear Systems Underhood Thermal Management Combustion Simulations Advanced Model and Methodology Development Multi-physics Reactor Performance and Safety Simulations Other Capabilities Work with Argonne Contact us For Employees Site Map Help Join us on Facebook Follow us on Twitter NE on Flickr Heat Transfer and Fluid Mechanics Bookmark and Share Advanced Model and Methodology Development Electrorefiner Model for Treatment of Spent Nuclear Fuel Electrorefiner Model for Treatment of Spent Nuclear Fuel. Click on image to

5

Architecture-Driven Modelling Methodologies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Classical software development methodologies take architectural issues as granted or pre-determined. They thus neglect the impact decisions for architecture have within the development process. This omission is applicable as long as we are considering ...

Hannu Jaakkola; Bernhard Thalheim

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Modeling of Diesel Exhaust Systems: A methodology to better simulate...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

of Diesel Exhaust Systems: A methodology to better simulate soot reactivity Modeling of Diesel Exhaust Systems: A methodology to better simulate soot reactivity Discussed...

7

Protein MAS NMR methodology and structural analysis of protein assemblies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Methodological developments and applications of solid-state magic-angle spinning nuclear magnetic resonance (MAS NMR) spectroscopy, with particular emphasis on the analysis of protein structure, are described in this thesis. ...

Bayro, Marvin J

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

A methodology of mathematical models with an application  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A METHODOLOGY OF MATHEMATICAL MODELS WITH AN APPLICATION A Thesis by RICHARD BRIAN WOOD Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1972... Major Subject: Mathematics A METHODOLOGY OF MATHEMATICAL MODELS WITH AN APPLICATION A Thesis by RICHARD BRIAN WOOD Approved as to style and content by: (Chairman of Committee) (Head of Department) (Member) (Member) December 1972 ABSTRACT A...

Wood, Richard Brian

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

9

An interference solving methodology for form feature modeling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

AN INTERFERENCE SOLVING METHODOLOGY FOR FORM FEATURE MODELING A Thesis by TIEN-LUNG SUN Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas AgtM University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May... 1992 Major Subject: Industrial Engineering AN INTERFERENCE SOLVING METHODOLOGY FOR FORM FEATURE MODELING A Thesis by TIEN-LUNG SUN Approved as to style and content by; Richar . Mayer (Chairman f Committee) Richard A. Wys (Member) C -Jnn Su...

Sun, Tien-Lung

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

10

System Modeling, Analysis, and Optimization Methodology for Diesel Exhaust After-treatment Technologies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

System Modeling, Analysis, and Optimization Methodology for Diesel Exhaust After;System Modeling, Analysis, and Optimization Methodology for Diesel Exhaust After-treatment Technologies, analyzing, and optimizing of complex diesel exhaust after-treatment systems. The methodology presented

de Weck, Olivier L.

11

A METHODOLOGY FOR IDENTIFICATION OF NARMAX MODELS APPLIED TO DIESEL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A METHODOLOGY FOR IDENTIFICATION OF NARMAX MODELS APPLIED TO DIESEL ENGINES 1 Gianluca Zito ,2 Ioan is illustrated by means of an automotive case study, namely a variable geometry turbocharged diesel engine identification procedure is illustrated. In section 3 a diesel engine system, used to test the procedure

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

12

Additive Manufacturing Methodology and System for Fabrication of Porous Structures with Functionally Graded Properties.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The focus of this dissertation is on the development of an additive manufacturing system and methodology for fabricating structures with functionally graded porous internal properties… (more)

Vlasea, Mihaela

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Application of Random Vibration Theory Methodology for Seismic Soil-Structure Interaction Analysis  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Application of Random Vibration Theory Methodology for Seismic Soil-Structure Interaction Analysis Farhang Ostadan Nan Deng Lisa Anderson Bechtel National, Inc. USDOE NPH Workshop October 2014

14

Modeling of Diesel Exhaust Systems: A methodology to better simulate soot reactivity  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Discussed development of a methodology for creating accurate soot models for soot samples from various origins with minimal characterization

15

Methodology Using MELCOR Code to Model Proposed Hazard Scenario  

SciTech Connect

This study demonstrates a methodology for using the MELCOR code to model a proposed hazard scenario within a building containing radioactive powder, and the subsequent evaluation of a leak path factor (LPF) (or the amount of respirable material which that escapes a facility into the outside environment), implicit in the scenario. This LPF evaluation will analyzes the basis and applicability of an assumed standard multiplication of 0.5 × 0.5 (in which 0.5 represents the amount of material assumed to leave one area and enter another), for calculating an LPF value. The outside release is dependsent upon the ventilation/filtration system, both filtered and un-filtered, and from other pathways from the building, such as doorways (, both open and closed). This study is presents ed to show how the multiple leak path factorsLPFs from the interior building can be evaluated in a combinatory process in which a total leak path factorLPF is calculated, thus addressing the assumed multiplication, and allowing for the designation and assessment of a respirable source term (ST) for later consequence analysis, in which: the propagation of material released into the environmental atmosphere can be modeled and the dose received by a receptor placed downwind can be estimated and the distance adjusted to maintains such exposures as low as reasonably achievableALARA.. Also, this study will briefly addresses particle characteristics thatwhich affect atmospheric particle dispersion, and compares this dispersion with leak path factorLPF methodology.

Gavin Hawkley

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Methodology and applications of high resolution solid-state NMR to structure determination of proteins  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A number of methodological developments and applications of solid-state NMR for assignment and high resolution structure determination of microcrystalline proteins and amyloid fibrils are presented. Magic angle spinning ...

Lewandowski, Józef Romuald

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

New methodologies for top-down statistical modeling and optimization of integrated circuits  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

New methodologies intended to facilitate system level design and optimization are developed. Specifically, these methodologies allow: (1) development of system level models for the purpose of gathering statistical data on the performance of large...

Alexander, Daniel D.

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

18

Production of Onshore Lower-48 Oil and Gas-model methodology and data description. [PROLOG  

SciTech Connect

This report documents the methodology and data used in the Production of Onshore Lower-48 Oil and Gas (PROLOG) model. The model forecasts annual oil and natural gas production on a regional basis. A linear program is used to select drilling activities for conventional oil and gas on the basis of their economic merit, subject to constraints on available rotary rigs and constraints based on historical drilling patterns. Using an exogenously specified price path, net present values are computed for fixed amounts of drilling activity for oil and gas, and for exploration and development in each of six onshore regions. Forecasts of drilling for enhanced gas recovery (EGR) are exogenously determined, and this drilling is included when considering the constraints on drilling rigs. The report is organized as follows. Chapter 2 is a general overview of the model, describing the major characteristics of the methodology and the logical interaction of the various modules. Chapter 3 specifies the structure of the linear program including the equations for the objective function and the constraints. The details of the methodology used to model exploratory, developmental, and deep gas drilling are presented in Chapters 4-6, respectively. Chapter 7 presents a discussion of the economic evaluation which takes place in each discounted cash flow calculation performed by the model. Cost equations are presented, and various user-specified options as to how to incorporate these costs are discussed. Methodological details and equations used to model finding rates and revisions are given in Chapter 8. Possible areas of future enhancements to the PROLOG model are presented in Chapter 9.

Carlson, M.; Kurator, W.; Mariner-Volpe, B.; O'Neill, R.; Trapmann, W.

1982-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Methodology for Constructing Reduced-Order Power Block Performance Models for CSP Applications: Preprint  

SciTech Connect

The inherent variability of the solar resource presents a unique challenge for CSP systems. Incident solar irradiation can fluctuate widely over a short time scale, but plant performance must be assessed for long time periods. As a result, annual simulations with hourly (or sub-hourly) timesteps are the norm in CSP analysis. A highly detailed power cycle model provides accuracy but tends to suffer from prohibitively long run-times; alternatively, simplified empirical models can run quickly but don?t always provide enough information, accuracy, or flexibility for the modeler. The ideal model for feasibility-level analysis incorporates both the detail and accuracy of a first-principle model with the low computational load of a regression model. The work presented in this paper proposes a methodology for organizing and extracting information from the performance output of a detailed model, then using it to develop a flexible reduced-order regression model in a systematic and structured way. A similar but less generalized approach for characterizing power cycle performance and a reduced-order modeling methodology for CFD analysis of heat transfer from electronic devices have been presented. This paper builds on these publications and the non-dimensional approach originally described.

Wagner, M.

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Evaluation methodology for structures subjected to seismic loading  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and in the evaluation of existing buildings and retrofit methods. Capacity curves for the overall structure and for each story level are established from an inelastic pushover analysis. The pushover analysis is based on stiffness dependent story shear demands. Seismic...

O'Boyle, Margaret

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "methodologies model structures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Motivations Modeling Social Structure  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

methodological pluralism (Hull, Page, Sarkar, Solomon, Weisberg and Muldoon) Maybe other things can maintain Diversity Other Options Others advocate methodological pluralism (Hull, Page, Sarkar, Solomon, Weisberg Diversity Other Options Others advocate methodological pluralism (Hull, Page, Sarkar, Solomon, Weisberg

Zollman, Kevin

22

A new modelling methodology to control HVAC systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Thermal comfort plays an important role in any working environment, but it is a very vague term and it is also very difficult to represent it on modern computers. Its proper definition could be a condition of the mind which expresses satisfaction with the thermal environment and, therefore, it depends on the individual’s physiology and psychology. Several researchers have investigated the relationships between room conditions and thermal comfort. Generally speaking, statistical approaches had been used whereas fuzzy and neural approaches have been recently proposed. In this work it is proposed a new thermal comfort model based on the P.O. Fanger PMV index according to the Institute of the University of Kansas and it has been adapted to a specific indoor ambience with a thermal comfort logger. The results showed that this methodology puts forward an adequate accuracy and suggests temperatures according to the present HVAC standards and those adaptive models show adequate values for thermal neutralities even though they are not suitable for energy saving due to its static value on a daily basis.

José A. Orosa

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Receptor modeling assessment of particle total exposure assessment methodology data  

SciTech Connect

Data from the 1991 Particle Total Exposure Assessment Methodology (PTEAM) study in Riverside, CA, were analyzed using a new receptor modeling method. In this study, ambient (outdoor), indoor, and personal particulate matter (PM) concentrations and elemental concentrations of PM{sub 2.5} and PM{sub 10} were measured for a number of participants. These measurements made is possible to relate the pollution to which people were exposed throughout their daily activities with the outdoor air conditions. Personal daytime concentrations of the PM{sub 10} and majority of elements were significantly higher than outdoor or indoor concentrations, suggesting that a significant part of personal aerosol exposure is the result of personal daily activities. Possible sources of additional particulate mass include resuspension of particles that penetrate from the outdoors and formation of new particles during cooking, smoking, etc. Positive matrix factorization analysis was performed to describe the sources of personal exposure. To identify relative contribution of different sources, regression of the particulate matter mass against the factor contributions was performed. Major sources of PM{sub 2.5} were oil combustion, nonferrous metal operations, and motor vehicles. The mass contributions of particles from these sources were similar for outdoor air and personal exposure. Personal exposure to particles from these sources can be controlled by changing outdoor sources. The primary source of PM{sub 10} was soil.

Yakovleva, E.; Hopke, P.K.; Wallace, L.

1999-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

24

A consistent modelling methodology for secondary settling tanks in wastewater treatment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A consistent modelling methodology for secondary settling tanks in wastewater treatment Stefan on a consistent modelling methodology (CMM) of complex real processes in wastewater treatment by utilizing both as a case since this is one of the most complex processes in a wastewater treatment plant and the simulation

Bürger, Raimund

25

SASSI Methodology-Based Sensitivity Studies for Deeply Embedded Structures, Such As Small Modular Reactors (SMRs)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

SASSI Methodology-Based Sensitivity Studies for Deeply Embedded Structures, Such As Small Modular Reactors (SMRs) Dr. Dan M. Ghiocel Ghiocel Predictive Technologies Inc. http://www.ghiocel-tech.com 2014 DOE Natural Phenomena Hazards Meeting Germantown, MD, October 21-22, 2014

26

A System-Level Electrostatic-Discharge-Protection Modeling Methodology for Time-  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A System-Level Electrostatic-Discharge- Protection Modeling Methodology for Time- Domain Analysis. Index Terms--Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC), electrostatic discharge (ESD), modeling, system level precise simulations of electrostatic discharge (ESD) stress propagation on a printed circuit board (PCB

Boyer, Edmond

27

Methodologies for statistical behavioral modeling and simulation of complex analog integrated circuits  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The objective of this thesis is to develop efficient methodologies for statistical behavioral modeling of analog integrated circuits and apply them to practical problems. Through appropriate statistical modeling, the Design for Quality (DFQ...

Swidzinski, Jan

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

28

On methodology for modelling wind power impact on power systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

There is a continuous discussion going on concerning the integration cost of wind power. The integration cost can, for example, be defined as the extra costs in the rest of the system when wind power is introduced, compared with the situation without wind power. The result of the studies depends on both parameters and the method used. The aim of this paper is to structure the methods in order to get some understanding on the impact of different modelling approaches. In general, it can be noted that approximations are always needed since the integration of wind power includes so many complexities including stability of power systems, grid codes, market behaviour, uncertainties and trading possibilities. All these items have to be considered in both the wind power case and in the reference case to obtain an estimation of the integration cost.

Lennart Soder; Hannele Holttinen

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

A methodology for simultaneous modeling and control of chemical processes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

controller has been developed. Relay mapping S has been applied for the first time in a feedback system. Simulations of this new methodology have been made in several cases, such as using different relay step sizes, and adding disturbance and parameter slow... drift. The simulation results show that the closed loop identification using relay mapping S represents process dynamics in an accurate way. Simulation results also show that the feedback system with relay mapping S has certain advantages over...

Zeng, Tong

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

30

Modeling Methodology for Component Reuse and System Integration for Hurricane Loss Projection Application  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Modeling Methodology for Component Reuse and System Integration for Hurricane Loss Projection Distributed Multimedia Information System Laboratory School of Computing and Information Sciences Florida International University, Miami, FL 33199, USA 2 Department of Finance Florida International University, Miami

Chen, Shu-Ching

31

Ionospheric Threat Model Methodology for Juan Blanch, Todd Walter, Per Enge. Stanford University  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ionospheric Threat Model Methodology for WAAS Juan Blanch, Todd Walter, Per Enge. Stanford of a threat model. The threat model is used to restrict the expected ionospheric behavior. It must not be too driving the ionosphere are not entirely known, a decision has been made to base the threat model

Stanford University

32

Intelligent-based Structural Damage Detection Model  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents the application of a novel Artificial Neural Network (ANN) model for the diagnosis of structural damage. The ANN model, denoted as the GRNNFA, is a hybrid model combining the General Regression Neural Network Model (GRNN) and the Fuzzy ART (FA) model. It not only retains the important features of the GRNN and FA models (i.e. fast and stable network training and incremental growth of network structure) but also facilitates the removal of the noise embedded in the training samples. Structural damage alters the stiffness distribution of the structure and so as to change the natural frequencies and mode shapes of the system. The measured modal parameter changes due to a particular damage are treated as patterns for that damage. The proposed GRNNFA model was trained to learn those patterns in order to detect the possible damage location of the structure. Simulated data is employed to verify and illustrate the procedures of the proposed ANN-based damage diagnosis methodology. The results of this study have demonstrated the feasibility of applying the GRNNFA model to structural damage diagnosis even when the training samples were noise contaminated.

Lee, Eric Wai Ming; Yu, K.F. [Department of Building and Construction, City University of Hong Kong, Tat Chee Avenue, Kowloon Tong (Hong Kong)

2010-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

33

Model Validation and Testing: The Methodological Foundation of ASHRAE Standard 140  

SciTech Connect

Ideally, whole-building energy simulation programs model all aspects of a building that influence energy use and thermal and visual comfort for the occupants. An essential component of the development of such computer simulation models is a rigorous program of validation and testing. This paper describes a methodology to evaluate the accuracy of whole-building energy simulation programs. The methodology is also used to identify and diagnose differences in simulation predictions that may be caused by algorithmic differences, modeling limitations, coding errors, or input errors. The methodology has been adopted by ANSI/ASHRAE Standard 140, Method of Test for the Evaluation of Building Energy Analysis Computer Programs (ASHRAE 2001a, 2004). A summary of the method is included in the 2005 ASHRAE Handbook--Fundamentals (ASHRAE 2005). This paper describes the ASHRAE Standard 140 method of test and its methodological basis. Also discussed are possible future enhancements to ASHRAE Standard 140 and related research recommendations.

Judkoff, R.; Neymark, J.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Model Validation and Testing: The Methodological Foundation of ASHRAE Standard 140; Preprint  

SciTech Connect

Ideally, whole-building energy simulation programs model all aspects of a building that influence energy use and thermal and visual comfort for the occupants. An essential component of the development of such computer simulation models is a rigorous program of validation and testing. This paper describes a methodology to evaluate the accuracy of whole-building energy simulation programs. The methodology is also used to identify and diagnose differences in simulation predictions that may be caused by algorithmic differences, modeling limitations, coding errors, or input errors. The methodology has been adopted by ANSI/ASHRAE Standard 140 (ANSI/ASHRAE 2001, 2004), Method of Test for the Evaluation of Building Energy Analysis Computer Programs. A summary of the method is included in the ASHRAE Handbook of Fundamentals (ASHRAE 2005). This paper describes the ANSI/ASHRAE Standard 140 method of test and its methodological basis. Also discussed are possible future enhancements to Standard 140 and related research recommendations.

Judkoff, R.; Neymark, J.

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Methodology for Modeling Building Energy Performance across the Commercial Sector  

SciTech Connect

This report uses EnergyPlus simulations of each building in the 2003 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS) to document and demonstrate bottom-up methods of modeling the entire U.S. commercial buildings sector (EIA 2006). The ability to use a whole-building simulation tool to model the entire sector is of interest because the energy models enable us to answer subsequent 'what-if' questions that involve technologies and practices related to energy. This report documents how the whole-building models were generated from the building characteristics in 2003 CBECS and compares the simulation results to the survey data for energy use.

Griffith, B.; Long, N.; Torcellini, P.; Judkoff, R.; Crawley, D.; Ryan, J.

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Solid state nuclear magnetic resonance methodology and applications to structure determination of peptides, proteins and amyloid fibrils  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Several methodological developments and applications of multidimensional solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance to biomolecular structure determination are presented. Studies are performed in uniformly 3C, 15N isotope ...

Jaroniec, Christopher P

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

A scalable methodology for modeling cities as systems of systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As cities evolve in size and complexity, their component systems become more interconnected. Comprehensive modeling and simulation is needed to capture interactions and correctly assess the impact of changes. This thesis ...

Wachtel, Amanda M. (Amanda Marie)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Modeling and life prediction methodology for titanium matrix composites subjected to mission profiles  

SciTech Connect

Titanium matrix composites (TMCs) are being evaluated as structural materials for elevated temperature applications in future generation hypersonic vehicles. In such applications, TMC components are subjected to complex thermomechanical loading profiles at various elevated temperatures. Therefore, thermomechanical fatigue (TMF) testing, using a simulated mission profile, is essential for evaluation and development of life prediction methodologies. The objective of the research presented in this paper was to evaluate the TMF response of the [0/90]{sub 2s} SCS-6/TIMETAL-21S subjected to a generic hypersonic flight profile and its portions with a temperature ranging from {minus}130 to 816 C. It was found that the composite modulus, prior to rapid degradation, had consistent values for all the profiles tested. The accumulated minimum strain was also found to be the same for all the profiles tested. A micromechanics-based analysis was used to predict the stress-strain response of the laminate and of the constituents in each ply during thermomechanical loading conditions by using only constituent properties as input. The fiber was modeled as elastic with transverse orthotropic and temperature-dependent properties. The matrix was modeled using a thermoviscoplastic constitutive relationship. In the analysis, the composite modulus degradation was assumed to result from matrix cracking and was modeled by reducing the matrix modulus. Fatigue lives of the composite subjected to the complex generic hypersonic flight profiles were well correlated using the predicted stress in 0{degree} fibers.

Mirdamadi, M. [Analytical Services and Materials Inc., Hampton, VA (United States); Johnson, W.S. [Georgia Inst. of Tech., Atlanta, GA (United States). School of Materials Science and Engineering

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

39

Modeling and life prediction methodology for Titanium Matrix Composites subjected to mission profiles  

SciTech Connect

Titanium matrix composites (TMC) are being evaluated as structural materials for elevated temperature applications in future generation hypersonic vehicles. In such applications, TMC components are subjected to complex thermomechanical loading profiles at various elevated temperatures. Therefore, thermomechanical fatigue (TMF) testing, using a simulated mission profile, is essential for evaluation and development of life prediction methodologies. The objective of the research presented in this paper was to evaluate the TMF response of the (0/90)2s SCS-6/Timetal-21S subjected to a generic hypersonic flight profile and its portions with a temperature ranging from -130 C to 816 C. It was found that the composite modulus, prior to rapid degradation, had consistent values for all the profiles tested. A micromechanics based analysis was used to predict the stress-strain response of the laminate and of the constituents in each ply during thermomechanical loading conditions by using only constituent properties as input. The fiber was modeled as elastic with transverse orthotropic and temperature dependent properties. The matrix was modeled using a thermoviscoplastic constitutive relation. In the analysis, the composite modulus degradation was assumed to result from matrix cracking and was modeled by reducing the matrix modulus. Fatigue lives of the composite subjected to the complex generic hypersonic flight profile were well correlated using the predicted stress in 0 degree fibers.

Mirdamadi, M.; Johnson, W.S.

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Material-modeling and structural-mechanics aspects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Material-modeling and structural-mechanics aspects of the traumatic brain injury problem M for causing traumatic brain injury. Design/methodology/approach ­ Two levels of blast peak overpressure were computational investigation of impact on a human skull/brain assembly. Keywords Brain, Injuries, Modeling

Grujicic, Mica

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "methodologies model structures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Model methodology and data description of the Production of Onshore Lower 48 Oil and Gas model  

SciTech Connect

This report documents the methodology and data used in the Production of Onshore Lower 48 Oil and Gas (PROLOG) model. The model forecasts annual oil and natural gas production on a regional basis. Natural gas is modeled by gas category, generally conforming to categories defined by the Natural Gas Policy Act (NGPA) of 1978, as well as a category representing gas priced by way of a spot market (referred to as ''spot'' gas). A linear program is used to select developmental drilling activities for conventional oil and gas and exploratory drilling activities for deep gas on the basis of their economic merit, subject to constraints on available rotary rigs and constraints based on historical drilling patterns. Using exogenously specified price paths for oil and gas, net present values are computed for fixed amounts of drilling activity for oil and gas development and deep gas exploration in each of six onshore regions. Through maximizing total net present value, the linear program provides forecasts of drilling activities, reserve additions, and production. Oil and shallow gas exploratory drilling activities are forecast on the basis of econometrically derived equations, which are dependent on specified price paths for the two fuels. 10 refs., 3 figs., 10 tabs.

Not Available

1988-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Inverse modeling of surface emissions for local pollution: A new methodology applied to academic test cases  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Inverse modeling of surface emissions for local pollution: A new methodology applied to academic; (2) LISA Creteil France Needs: Optimize surface emissions using daily recorded ozone and NOX by PRIMEQUAL2, program of the french ministry of environment Firstguess emissions inventory for the Paris

Menut, Laurent

43

Towards a homogeneous characterization of the model-driven web development methodologies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In recent years a large number of Model-Driven Web development approaches have been designed and are being applied with success in real environments. However, as new ones are frequently emerging in this changing time, authors have to change and update ... Keywords: measurement, software quality, web engineering methodologies

F. J. Domínguez-Mayo, M. J. Escalona, M. Mejías, M. Ross, G. Staples

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

A consistent modelling methodology for secondary settling tanks in wastewater treatment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A consistent modelling methodology for secondary settling tanks in wastewater treatment Raimund Bu in wastewater treatment by combining classical concepts with results from applied mathematics, and partly was chosen as a case since this is one of the most complex processes in a wastewater treatment plant

Bürger, Raimund

45

Model based methodology development for energy recovery in flash heat exchange systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Model based methodology development for energy recovery in flash heat exchange systems Problem of energy efficiency in process operations. Where heat exchange is required between two streams and where with a condensing heat exchanger can be used when heat exchange is required between two streams and where at least

McCarthy, John E.

46

Bayesian Estimation and Testing of Structural Equation Models Richard Scheines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Carnegie Mellon University, USA Herbert Hoijtink Dept. of Methodology and Statistics University of Utrecht applying the Gibbs sampler to structural equation models to the first author at a 1994 workshop be applied to obtain a sample from the posterior distribution over the parameters of a SEM. We present

Spirtes, Peter

47

Inverse modeling of emissions for local photo-oxidant pollution : Testing a new methodology with kriging constraints  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Inverse modeling of emissions for local photo-oxidant pollution : Testing a new methodology. Abstract For chemistry-transport models operating at regional scales, surface emissions are the input data a methodology to optimize surface emissions at local scale i.e. to compute correction factors for the available

Menut, Laurent

48

Structure beyond the Standard Model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...see Ross (1997) for a review and further references...superpartners of the Standard Model states. These...factorizable metric M2 Plan ck;4 = M2+ Plan ck;4+ nR and, provided...Structure beyond the Standard Model 415 10 100 10003...

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Model Validation and Testing: The Methodological Foundation of ASHRAE Standard 140; Preprint  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Model Validation and Testing: Model Validation and Testing: The Methodological Foundation of ASHRAE Standard 140 Preprint R. Judkoff National Renewable Energy Laboratory J. Neymark J. Neymark & Associates Presented at the ASHRAE 2006 Annual Meeting Quebec City, Canada June 24-29, 2006 Conference Paper NREL/CP-550-40360 July 2006 NOTICE The submitted manuscript has been offered by an employee of the Midwest Research Institute (MRI), a contractor of the US Government under Contract No. DE-AC36-99GO10337. Accordingly, the US Government and MRI retain a nonexclusive royalty-free license to publish or reproduce the published form of this contribution, or allow others to do so, for US Government purposes. This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States government.

50

Dixie Valley Engineered Geothermal System Exploration Methodology Project, Baseline Conceptual Model Report  

SciTech Connect

The Engineered Geothermal System (EGS) Exploration Methodology Project is developing an exploration approach for EGS through the integration of geoscientific data. The Project chose the Dixie Valley Geothermal System in Nevada as a field laboratory site for methodology calibration purposes because, in the public domain, it is a highly characterized geothermal system in the Basin and Range with a considerable amount of geoscience and most importantly, well data. The overall project area is 2500km2 with the Calibration Area (Dixie Valley Geothermal Wellfield) being about 170km2. The project was subdivided into five tasks (1) collect and assess the existing public domain geoscience data; (2) design and populate a GIS database; (3) develop a baseline (existing data) geothermal conceptual model, evaluate geostatistical relationships, and generate baseline, coupled EGS favorability/trust maps from +1km above sea level (asl) to -4km asl for the Calibration Area at 0.5km intervals to identify EGS drilling targets at a scale of 5km x 5km; (4) collect new geophysical and geochemical data, and (5) repeat Task 3 for the enhanced (baseline + new ) data. Favorability maps were based on the integrated assessment of the three critical EGS exploration parameters of interest: rock type, temperature and stress. A complimentary trust map was generated to compliment the favorability maps to graphically illustrate the cumulative confidence in the data used in the favorability mapping. The Final Scientific Report (FSR) is submitted in two parts with Part I describing the results of project Tasks 1 through 3 and Part II covering the results of project Tasks 4 through 5 plus answering nine questions posed in the proposal for the overall project. FSR Part I presents (1) an assessment of the readily available public domain data and some proprietary data provided by Terra-Gen Power, LLC, (2) a re-interpretation of these data as required, (3) an exploratory geostatistical data analysis, (4) the baseline geothermal conceptual model, and (5) the EGS favorability/trust mapping. The conceptual model presented applies to both the hydrothermal system and EGS in the Dixie Valley region. FSR Part II presents (1) 278 new gravity stations; (2) enhanced gravity-magnetic modeling; (3) 42 new ambient seismic noise survey stations; (4) an integration of the new seismic noise data with a regional seismic network; (5) a new methodology and approach to interpret this data; (5) a novel method to predict rock type and temperature based on the newly interpreted data; (6) 70 new magnetotelluric (MT) stations; (7) an integrated interpretation of the enhanced MT data set; (8) the results of a 308 station soil CO2 gas survey; (9) new conductive thermal modeling in the project area; (10) new convective modeling in the Calibration Area; (11) pseudo-convective modeling in the Calibration Area; (12) enhanced data implications and qualitative geoscience correlations at three scales (a) Regional, (b) Project, and (c) Calibration Area; (13) quantitative geostatistical exploratory data analysis; and (14) responses to nine questions posed in the proposal for this investigation. Enhanced favorability/trust maps were not generated because there was not a sufficient amount of new, fully-vetted (see below) rock type, temperature, and stress data. The enhanced seismic data did generate a new method to infer rock type and temperature. However, in the opinion of the Principal Investigator for this project, this new methodology needs to be tested and evaluated at other sites in the Basin and Range before it is used to generate the referenced maps. As in the baseline conceptual model, the enhanced findings can be applied to both the hydrothermal system and EGS in the Dixie Valley region.

Iovenitti, Joe

2014-01-02T23:59:59.000Z

51

WaterSense Program: Methodology for National Water Savings Analysis Model Indoor Residential Water Use  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) influences the market for plumbing fixtures and fittings by encouraging consumers to purchase products that carry the WaterSense label, which certifies those products as performing at low flow rates compared to unlabeled fixtures and fittings. As consumers decide to purchase water-efficient products, water consumption will decline nationwide. Decreased water consumption should prolong the operating life of water and wastewater treatment facilities.This report describes the method used to calculate national water savings attributable to EPA?s WaterSense program. A Microsoft Excel spreadsheet model, the National Water Savings (NWS) analysis model, accompanies this methodology report. Version 1.0 of the NWS model evaluates indoor residential water consumption. Two additional documents, a Users? Guide to the spreadsheet model and an Impacts Report, accompany the NWS model and this methodology document. Altogether, these four documents represent Phase One of this project. The Users? Guide leads policy makers through the spreadsheet options available for projecting the water savings that result from various policy scenarios. The Impacts Report shows national water savings that will result from differing degrees of market saturation of high-efficiency water-using products.This detailed methodology report describes the NWS analysis model, which examines the effects of WaterSense by tracking the shipments of products that WaterSense has designated as water-efficient. The model estimates market penetration of products that carry the WaterSense label. Market penetration is calculated for both existing and new construction. The NWS model estimates savings based on an accounting analysis of water-using products and of building stock. Estimates of future national water savings will help policy makers further direct the focus of WaterSense and calculate stakeholder impacts from the program.Calculating the total gallons of water the WaterSense program saves nationwide involves integrating two components, or modules, of the NWS model. Module 1 calculates the baseline national water consumption of typical fixtures, fittings, and appliances prior to the program (as described in Section 2.0 of this report). Module 2 develops trends in efficiency for water-using products both in the business-as-usual case and as a result of the program (Section 3.0). The NWS model combines the two modules to calculate total gallons saved by the WaterSense program (Section 4.0). Figure 1 illustrates the modules and the process involved in modeling for the NWS model analysis.The output of the NWS model provides the base case for each end use, as well as a prediction of total residential indoor water consumption during the next two decades. Based on the calculations described in Section 4.0, we can project a timeline of water savings attributable to the WaterSense program. The savings increase each year as the program results in the installation of greater numbers of efficient products, which come to compose more and more of the product stock in households throughout the United States.

Whitehead, Camilla Dunham; McNeil, Michael; Dunham_Whitehead, Camilla; Letschert, Virginie; della_Cava, Mirka

2008-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

52

A methodology for building a semantically annotated multi-faceted ontology for product family modelling  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Product family design is one of the prevailing approaches in realizing mass customization. With the increasing number of product offerings targeted at different market segments, the issue of information management in product family design, that is related to an efficient and effective storage, sharing and timely retrieval of design information, has become more complicated and challenging. Product family modelling schema reported in the literature generally stress the component aspects of a product family and its analysis, with a limited capability to model complex inter-relations between physical components and other required information in different semantic orientations, such as manufacturing, material and marketing wise. To tackle this problem, ontology-based representation has been identified as a promising solution to redesign product platforms especially in a semantically rich environment. However, ontology development in design engineering demands a great deal of time commitment and human effort to process complex information. When a large variety of products are available, particularly in the consumer market, a more efficient method for building a product family ontology with the incorporation of multi-faceted semantic information is therefore highly desirable. In this study, we propose a methodology for building a semantically annotated multi-faceted ontology for product family modelling that is able to automatically suggest semantically-related annotations based on the design and manufacturing repository. The six steps of building such ontology: formation of product family taxonomy; extraction of entities; faceted unit generation and concept identification; facet modelling and semantic annotation; formation of a semantically annotated multi-faceted product family ontology (MFPFO); and ontology validation and evaluation are discussed in detail. Using a family of laptop computers as an illustrative example, we demonstrate how our methodology can be deployed step by step to create a semantically annotated MFPFO. Finally, we briefly discuss future research issues as well as interesting applications that can be further pursued based on the MFPFO developed.

Soon Chong Johnson Lim; Ying Liu; Wing Bun Lee

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Model-Based Methodology for Building Confidence in a Dynamic Measuring System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

experimentation and computational simulation methods will be used to build trust in this measurement system. This process of establishing credibility will be presented in the form of a proposed methodology. This proposed methodology will utilize verification...

Reese, Isaac Mark

2013-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

54

Mathematical modelings of smart materials and structures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mathematical modelings of smart materials and structures Christian Licht , Thibaut Weller mathematical models of smart materials and smart structures. Smart materials are materials which present perturbations methods, asymptotic analysis, plates and rods models. 1 Introduction Smart materials present

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

55

Dixie Valley Engineered Geothermal System Exploration Methodology Project, Baseline Conceptual Model Report  

SciTech Connect

The Engineered Geothermal System (EGS) Exploration Methodology Project is developing an exploration approach for EGS through the integration of geoscientific data. The Project chose the Dixie Valley Geothermal System in Nevada as a field laboratory site for methodlogy calibration purposes because, in the public domain, it is a highly characterized geothermal systems in the Basin and Range with a considerable amount of geoscience and most importantly, well data. This Baseline Conceptual Model report summarizes the results of the first three project tasks (1) collect and assess the existing public domain geoscience data, (2) design and populate a GIS database, and (3) develop a baseline (existing data) geothermal conceptual model, evaluate geostatistical relationships, and generate baseline, coupled EGS favorability/trust maps from +1km above sea level (asl) to -4km asl for the Calibration Area (Dixie Valley Geothermal Wellfield) to identify EGS drilling targets at a scale of 5km x 5km. It presents (1) an assessment of the readily available public domain data and some proprietary data provided by Terra-Gen Power, LLC, (2) a re-interpretation of these data as required, (3) an exploratory geostatistical data analysis, (4) the baseline geothermal conceptual model, and (5) the EGS favorability/trust mapping. The conceptual model presented applies to both the hydrothermal system and EGS in the Dixie Valley region.

Iovenitti, Joe

2013-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

56

Dixie Valley Engineered Geothermal System Exploration Methodology Project, Baseline Conceptual Model Report  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

The Engineered Geothermal System (EGS) Exploration Methodology Project is developing an exploration approach for EGS through the integration of geoscientific data. The Project chose the Dixie Valley Geothermal System in Nevada as a field laboratory site for methodlogy calibration purposes because, in the public domain, it is a highly characterized geothermal systems in the Basin and Range with a considerable amount of geoscience and most importantly, well data. This Baseline Conceptual Model report summarizes the results of the first three project tasks (1) collect and assess the existing public domain geoscience data, (2) design and populate a GIS database, and (3) develop a baseline (existing data) geothermal conceptual model, evaluate geostatistical relationships, and generate baseline, coupled EGS favorability/trust maps from +1km above sea level (asl) to -4km asl for the Calibration Area (Dixie Valley Geothermal Wellfield) to identify EGS drilling targets at a scale of 5km x 5km. It presents (1) an assessment of the readily available public domain data and some proprietary data provided by Terra-Gen Power, LLC, (2) a re-interpretation of these data as required, (3) an exploratory geostatistical data analysis, (4) the baseline geothermal conceptual model, and (5) the EGS favorability/trust mapping. The conceptual model presented applies to both the hydrothermal system and EGS in the Dixie Valley region.

Joe Iovenitti

57

Self-consistent QM/MM methodologies for structural refinement of photosystem II and other macromolecules of biological interest  

SciTech Connect

The combination of quantum mechanics and molecular mechanics (QM/MM) is one of the most promising approaches to study the structure, function, and properties of proteins and nucleic acids. However, there some instances in which the limitations of either the MM (lack of a proper electronic description) or QM (limited to a few number of atoms) methods prevent a proper description of the system. To address this issue, we review here our approach to fine-tune the structure of biological systems using post-QM/MM refinements. These protocols are based on spectroscopy data, and/or partitioning of the system to extend the QM description to a larger region of a protein. We illustrate these methodologies through applications to several biomolecules, which were pre-optimized at the QM/MM level and then further refined using postQM/MM refinement methodologies: mod(QM/MM), which refines the atomic charges of the residues included in the MM region accounting for polarization effects; mod(QM/MM)-opt that partition the MM region in smaller parts and optimizes each part in an iterative. self-consistent way, and the Polarized-Extended X-Ray Absorption Fine Structure (P-EXAFS) fitting procedure, which fine-tune the atomic coordinates to reproduce experimental polarized EXAFS spectra. The first two techniques were applied to the guanine quadruplex. while the P-EXAFS refinement was applied to the oxygen evolving complex of photosystem II.

Batista, Enrique R [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Sproviero, Eduardo M [YALE UNIV; Newcomer, Michael [YALE UNIV; Gascon, Jose A [YALE UNIV; Batista, Victor S [YALE UNIV

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Constrained evolutionary algorithm for structure prediction of molecular crystals: methodology and applications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A specially designed algorithm to predict the structure of complex crystals consisting of well defined molecular units is presented.

Zhu, Q.

2012-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

59

Structure formation: Models, Dynamics and Status  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The constraints on the models for the structure formation arising from various cosmological observations at different length scales are reviewed. The status of different models for structure formation is examined critically in the light of these observations.

T. Padmanabhan

1995-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

60

Software Function Allocation Methodology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

performance. TABLE OF CONTENTS Page ABSTRACT TABLE OF CONTENTS LIST OF TABLES LIST OF FIGURES 1. INTRODUCTION 1. 1 Terminology Definitions 1, 2 Problem Definition 2. CURRENT RESEARCH STATUS 2. 1 Current Methodologies 2. 1. 1 Structured Design 2. 1..., 2 The Jackson Methodology 2. 1. 3 Higher Order Software 2. 1. 4 Structured Analysis and Design Technique 2. 1. 5 Software Requirements Engineering Methodology 2. 1. 6 Software Development System 2. 2 Relation to Current Research 3. SFAM...

O'Neal, Michael Ralph

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "methodologies model structures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Hybrid Model Structures Aaron David Ames  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hybrid Model Structures by Aaron David Ames B.A. (University of St. Thomas) 2001 B.S. (University of California, Berkeley Fall 2006 #12;Hybrid Model Structures Copyright 2006 by Aaron David Ames #12;Abstract Hybrid Model Structures by Aaron David Ames Masters of Arts in Mathematics University of California

Ames, Aaron

62

Engineering Structurally Configurable Models with Model Transformation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

: Agilent, Bosch, HSBC, Lockheed-Martin, National Instruments, and Toyota. #12;Engineering Structurally

63

Human Factors Engineering Program Review Model (NUREG-0711)Revision 3: Update Methodology and Key Revisions  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) reviews the human factors engineering (HFE) programs of applicants for nuclear power plant construction permits, operating licenses, standard design certifications, and combined operating licenses. The purpose of these safety reviews is to help ensure that personnel performance and reliability are appropriately supported. Detailed design review procedures and guidance for the evaluations is provided in three key documents: the Standard Review Plan (NUREG-0800), the HFE Program Review Model (NUREG-0711), and the Human-System Interface Design Review Guidelines (NUREG-0700). These documents were last revised in 2007, 2004 and 2002, respectively. The NRC is committed to the periodic update and improvement of the guidance to ensure that it remains a state-of-the-art design evaluation tool. To this end, the NRC is updating its guidance to stay current with recent research on human performance, advances in HFE methods and tools, and new technology being employed in plant and control room design. NUREG-0711 is the first document to be addressed. We present the methodology used to update NUREG-0711 and summarize the main changes made. Finally, we discuss the current status of the update program and the future plans.

OHara J. M.; Higgins, J.; Fleger, S.

2012-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

64

How car material life-cycle emissions are considered in environmental rating methodologies? Suggestion of expedite models and discussion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper reviews existing vehicle environmental rating methodologies worldwide and focuses on how these methodologies deal with alternative vehicle technologies (plug-in vehicles, hybrid vehicles, and fuel cell vehicles) and emissions of greenhouse gases (CO2, N2O, and CH4) and pollutants (NOx, VOC, CO, SOx, PM10 and PM2.5) derived from embodied materials life cycle. United States, Mexico, Europe and Australia have public access data and websites with top 10 rankings. The ways the scores are calculated for each vehicle have differences in what regards the considered boundaries for the emissions analysis. In Europe, there is still not a unique rating methodology or ranking system, e.g., Belgium, Germany and United Kingdom have their specific scoring schemes. Multilinear regression models were developed as an attempt to estimate the vehicle embodied emissions as a function of vehicle lifecycle mileage, electricity mix, vehicle mass, battery mass and fuel cell power to cope with different production regions and different alternative vehicle technologies. The regression models were validated against Volkswagen life cycle assessments (LCAs), and compared against American Council for an Energy Efficient Economy (ACEEE) – Green Book linear functions for material assessment and UK 12 material dataset for materials assessment. The developed models proved to be useful in applications related to rating methodologies using life-cycle concepts, with good reliability for comparisons considering the complexity of processes involved in vehicle materials life-cycle assessment.

Gonçalo N. Correia; Teresa P. Batista; Sara S. Marques; Carla M. Silva

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Frequency domain and finite difference modeling of ventilated concrete slabs and comparison with field measurements: Part 1, modeling methodology  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper is the first of two papers that focus on the thermal modeling of building-integrated thermal energy storage (BITES) systems using frequency response (FR) and lumped-parameter finite difference (LPFD) techniques. Structural/non-structural building fabric components, such as ventilated concrete slabs (VCS) can actively store and release thermal energy effectively by passing air through their embedded air channels. These building components can be described as ventilated BITES systems. To assist the thermal analysis and control of BITES systems, modeling techniques and guidelines for FR and LPFD models of VCS are presented in this two-part paper. In this first part, modeling techniques for FR and LPFD approaches based on network theory are presented. A method for calculating the heat transfer between flowing air and ventilated components is developed for these two approaches. Discretization criteria for explicit LPFD models are discussed. For the FR approach, discrete Fourier series in complex frequency form are used to represent the boundary excitations. In the treatment of heat injection from the flowing air as internal source in the VCS, network techniques such as Thévenin theorem, heat flow division, and Y-diakoptic transform are employed. The techniques presented in this paper are applicable to other BITES with hydronic or electric charging/discharging systems. With the FR techniques, model-based control strategies based on transfer functions can be readily developed.

Yuxiang Chen; Andreas K. Athienitis; Khaled E. Galal

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

HANFORD DOUBLE SHELL TANK (DST) THERMAL & SEISMIC PROJECT ESTABLISHMENT OF METHODOLOGY FOR TIME DOMAIN SOIL STRUCTURE INTERACTION ANALYSIS OF HANFORD DST  

SciTech Connect

M&D Professional Services, Inc. (M&D) is under subcontract to Pacific Northwest National Laboratories (PNNL) to perform seismic analysis of the Hanford Site Double-Shell Tanks (DSTs) in support of a project entitled ''Double-Shell Tank DSV Integrity Project-DST Thermal and Seismic Analyses''. The overall scope of the project is to complete an up-to-date comprehensive analysis of record of the DST System at Hanford in support of Tri-Party Agreement Milestone M-48-14. The thermal and operating loads analysis of the DSTs is documented in Rinker et al. (2004). The work statement provided to M&D (PNNL 2003) required that the seismic analysis of the DST assess the impacts of potentially non-conservative assumptions in previous analyses and account for the additional soil mass due to the as-found soil density increase, the effects of material degradation, additional thermal profiles applied to the full structure including the soil-structure response with the footings, the non-rigid (low frequency) response of the tank roof, the asymmetric seismic-induced soil loading, the structural discontinuity between the concrete tank wall and the support footing and the sloshing of the tank waste. The seismic analysis considers the interaction of the tank with the surrounding soil, and the effects of the primary tank contents. The DST and the surrounding soil are modeled as a system of finite elements. The depth and width of the soil incorporated into the analysis model are sufficient to obtain appropriately accurate analytical results. The analyses required to support the work statement differ from previous analysis of the DSTs in that the soil-structure interaction (SSI) model includes several (nonlinear) contact surfaces in the tank structure, and the contained waste must be modeled explicitly in order to capture the fluid-structure interaction behavior between the primary tank and contained waste. Soil-structure interaction analyses are traditionally solved in the frequency domain, but frequency domain analysis is limited to systems with linear responses. The nonlinear character of the coupled SSI model and tank structural model requires that the seismic analysis be solved in the time domain. However, time domain SSI analysis is somewhat nontraditional and requires that the appropriate methodology be developed and demonstrated. Moreover, the analysis of seismically induced fluid-structure interaction between the explicitly modeled waste and the primary tank must be benchmarked against known solutions to simpler problems before being applied to the more complex analysis of the DSTs. The objective of this investigation is to establish the methodology necessary to perform the required SSI analysis of the DSTs in the time domain. Specifically, the analysis establishes the capabilities and limitations of the time domain codes ANSYS and Dytran for performing seismic SSI analysis of the DSTs. The benchmarking of the codes Dytran and ANSYS for performing seismically induced fluid-structure interaction (FSI) between the contained waste and the DST primary tank are documented in Abatt (2006) and Carpenter and Abatt (2006), respectively. The results of those two studies show that both codes have the capability to analyze the fluid-structure interaction behavior of the primary tank and contained waste. As expected, Dytran appears to have more robust capabilities for FSI analysis. The ANSYS model used in that study captures much of the FSI behavior, but does have some limitations for predicting the convective response of the waste and possibly the response of the waste in the knuckle region of the primary tank. While Dytran appears to have somewhat stronger capabilities for the analysis of the FSI behavior in the primary tank, it is more practical for the overall analysis to use ANSYS. Thus, Dytran served the purpose of helping to identify limitations in the ANSYS FSI analysis so that those limitations can be addressed in the structural evaluation of the primary tank. The limitations of ANSYS for predicting the details of the convective

MACKEY, T.C.

2006-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

67

Pie Model of Capital Structure  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A model of the debt-equity ratio of the firms, graphically depicted in slices of a pie that represents the value of the firm...

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Quantifying parsimony in structural equation modeling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fitting propensity (FP) is defined as a model's average ability to fit diverse data patterns, all else being equal. The relevance of FP to model selection is examined in the context of structural equation modeling (SEM). In SEM it is well known...

Preacher, K. J.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

A Methodology to Identify Monthly Energy Use Models from Utility Bill Data for Seasonally Scheduled Buildings: Application to K-12 Schools  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of two separate models: a 3-P model for non-summer months, and a mean model for the summer months. (Landman, 1996). This paper proposes an improved methodology for identifying baseline models of energy use from utility billing data for buildings...

Wang, W.; Claridge, D. E.; Reddy, T. A.

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Modeling joint friction in structural dynamics.  

SciTech Connect

The presence of mechanical joints--typified by the lap joint--in otherwise linear structures has been accommodated in structural dynamics via ad hoc methods for a century. The methods range from tuning linear models to approximate non-linear behavior in restricted load ranges to various methods which introduce joint dissipation in a post-processing stage. Other methods, employing constitutive models for the joints are being developed and their routine use is on the horizon.

Segalman, Daniel Joseph

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Financial constraints in capacity planning: a national utility regulatory model (NUREG). Volume I of III: methodology. Final report  

SciTech Connect

This report develops and demonstrates the methodology for the National Utility Regulatory (NUREG) Model developed under contract number DEAC-01-79EI-10579. It is accompanied by two supporting volumes. Volume II is a user's guide for operation of the NUREG software. This includes description of the flow of software and data, as well as the formats of all user data files. Finally, Volume III is a software description guide. It briefly describes, and gives a listing of, each program used in NUREG.

Not Available

1981-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

72

Comparison of ?Z-structure function models  

SciTech Connect

The ?Z-box is an important contribution to the proton's weak charge. The ?Z-box is calculated dispersively and depends on ?Z-structure functions, F{sub 1,2,3}{sup ?Z}(x,Q{sup 2}). At present there is no data for these structure functions and they must be modeled by modifying existing fits to electromagnetic data. Each group that has studied the ?Z-box used different modifications. The results of the PVDIS experiment at Jefferson Lab may provide a first test of the validity of each group's models. I present details of the different models and their predictions for the PVDIS result.

Rislow, Benjamin C. [Department of Physics, College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, VA 23187 (United States)

2013-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

73

Modeling Heterogeneity in Indirect Effects: Multilevel Structural Equation Modeling Strategies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The heterogeneity implicit in much of social science research can be accommodated by using complex modeling procedures such as SEM or MLM. Ignoring heterogeneity, particularly with regard to nested data structures, can have serious consequences...

Fall, Emily C.

2011-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

74

Modeling Fission Product Sorption in Graphite Structures  

SciTech Connect

The goal of this project is to determine changes in adsorption and desorption of fission products to/from nuclear-grade graphite in response to a changing chemical environment. First, the project team will employ principle calculations and thermodynamic analysis to predict stability of fission products on graphite in the presence of structural defects commonly observed in very high- temperature reactor (VHTR) graphites. Desorption rates will be determined as a function of partial pressure of oxygen and iodine, relative humidity, and temperature. They will then carry out experimental characterization to determine the statistical distribution of structural features. This structural information will yield distributions of binding sites to be used as an input for a sorption model. Sorption isotherms calculated under this project will contribute to understanding of the physical bases of the source terms that are used in higher-level codes that model fission product transport and retention in graphite. The project will include the following tasks: Perform structural characterization of the VHTR graphite to determine crystallographic phases, defect structures and their distribution, volume fraction of coke, and amount of sp2 versus sp3 bonding. This information will be used as guidance for ab initio modeling and as input for sorptivity models; Perform ab initio calculations of binding energies to determine stability of fission products on the different sorption sites present in nuclear graphite microstructures. The project will use density functional theory (DFT) methods to calculate binding energies in vacuum and in oxidizing environments. The team will also calculate stability of iodine complexes with fission products on graphite sorption sites; Model graphite sorption isotherms to quantify concentration of fission products in graphite. The binding energies will be combined with a Langmuir isotherm statistical model to predict the sorbed concentration of fission products on each type of graphite site. The model will include multiple simultaneous adsorbing species, which will allow for competitive adsorption effects between different fission product species and O and OH (for modeling accident conditions).

Szlufarska, Izabela [University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI (United States); Morgan, Dane [University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI (United States); Allen, Todd [University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI (United States)

2013-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

75

Coastal Structures Modeling Complex | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Structures Modeling Complex Structures Modeling Complex Jump to: navigation, search Basic Specifications Facility Name Coastal Structures Modeling Complex Overseeing Organization United States Army Corp of Engineers (ERDC) Hydrodynamic Testing Facility Type Wave Basin Length(m) 54.9 Beam(m) 35.4 Depth(m) 1.4 Water Type Freshwater Cost(per day) Contact POC Towing Capabilities Towing Capabilities None Wavemaking Capabilities Wavemaking Capabilities Yes Maximum Wave Height(m) 0.3 Wave Period Range(s) 0.0 Current Velocity Range(m/s) 0.0 Programmable Wavemaking Yes Wave Direction Both Simulated Beach No Channel/Tunnel/Flume Channel/Tunnel/Flume None Wind Capabilities Wind Capabilities None Control and Data Acquisition Description Automated data acquisition and control system Cameras None

76

Formal Calibration Methodology for CFD Model Development to Support the Operation of Energy Efficient Buildings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

controlled internal environments. In this research a CFD model of the internal environment of an office space will be developed. The CFD model will then be calibrated using real data taken from a well-positioned wireless sensor network and weather station...

Hajdukiewicz, M.; Keane, M.; O'Flynn, B.; O'Grady, W.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

A Methodology for Developing Simple and Robust Power Models Using Performance Monitoring Events  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

statistics, by operating system design- ers to develop power-aware scheduling algorithms and dynamic power-core systems running OpenSolarisTM . The basic idea is correlating power con- sumption of a benchmark program on average after being trained on a different set of benchmarks. Unlike previous power models, our model

Fedorova, Alexandra

78

Design optimization methodology for power converters based on global energy requirement criteria. Application to a DC-DC flyback structure  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for power electronic converters according to the Global Energy Requirement (GER) criterion, i.e. the primary-design converters in order to take its environmental impacts (here, only its global primary energy consumptionDesign optimization methodology for power converters based on global energy requirement criteria

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

79

Design and optimization of cellular manufacturing systems: a methodology for developing robotic workcell simulation models  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Robotic workcell simulation is a modeling-based problem solving approach developed for the design, analysis, and offline programming of robotic workcells. Current industrial practices show that commercial robotic simulation software packages are able ...

Frank S. Cheng

2000-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

GREET 1.0 -- Transportation fuel cycles model: Methodology and use  

SciTech Connect

This report documents the development and use of the Greenhouse Gases, Regulated Emissions, and Energy Use in Transportation (GREET) model. The model, developed in a spreadsheet format, estimates the full fuel-cycle emissions and energy use associated with various transportation fuels for light-duty vehicles. The model calculates fuel-cycle emissions of five criteria pollutants (volatile organic compounds, Co, NOx, SOx, and particulate matter measuring 10 microns or less) and three greenhouse gases (carbon dioxide, methane, and nitrous oxide). The model also calculates the total fuel-cycle energy consumption, fossil fuel consumption, and petroleum consumption using various transportation fuels. The GREET model includes 17 fuel cycles: petroleum to conventional gasoline, reformulated gasoline, clean diesel, liquefied petroleum gas, and electricity via residual oil; natural gas to compressed natural gas, liquefied petroleum gas, methanol, hydrogen, and electricity; coal to electricity; uranium to electricity; renewable energy (hydropower, solar energy, and wind) to electricity; corn, woody biomass, and herbaceous biomass to ethanol; and landfill gases to methanol. This report presents fuel-cycle energy use and emissions for a 2000 model-year car powered by each of the fuels that are produced from the primary energy sources considered in the study.

Wang, M.Q.

1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "methodologies model structures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Modelling oil price volatility with structural breaks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, we provide two main innovations: (i) we analyze oil prices of two prominent markets namely West Texas Intermediate (WTI) and Brent using the two recently developed tests by Narayan and Popp (2010) and Liu and Narayan, 2010 both of which allow for two structural breaks in the data series; and (ii) the latter method is modified to include both symmetric and asymmetric volatility models. We identify two structural breaks that occur in 1990 and 2008 which coincidentally correspond to the Iraqi/Kuwait conflict and the global financial crisis, respectively. We find evidence of persistence and leverage effects in the oil price volatility. While further extensions can be pursued, the consideration of asymmetric effects as well as structural breaks should not be jettisoned when modelling oil price volatility.

Afees A. Salisu; Ismail O. Fasanya

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

A methodology for global-sensitivity analysis of time-dependent outputs in systems biology modelling  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...on a desktop computer. This is compared...features of the system. The important...resistance. The analysis also identified...and uncertainty analysis: applications to large-scale systems, vol. 2. Boca...for sensitivity analysis of large models...European Symp. on Computer Aided Process...

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Polypharmacology Modelling Using Proteochemometrics (PCM): Recent Methodological Developments, Applications to Target Families, and Future Prospects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to be in the order of $1.8 billion per drug. In addition, price pressure from health care providers has been increasing and there is a growing relevance of more targeted medicine. Hence, the ‘blockbuster model’ of the pharmaceutical industry is being challenged.1...

Cortés-Ciriano, Isidro; ul Ain, Qurrat; Subramanian, Vigneshwari; Lenselink, Eelke B.; Méndez-Lucio, Oscar; IJzerman, Adriaan P.; Wohlfahrt, Gerd; Prusis, Peteris; Malliavin, Thérèse E.; van Westen, Gerard J. P.; Bender, Andreas

2014-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

84

Multiple regression models: A methodology for evaluating trihalomethane concentrations in drinking water from  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

September 2001; accepted 28 January 2002 Abstract The presence of trihalomethanes (THMs) in drinking water in finished drinking water, using data from the Menidi Treatment Plant of Athens. A number of routinely Science Ltd. All rights reserved. Keywords: Multiple regression model; Trihalomethanes; Drinking water

Arhonditsis, George B.

85

Comparison of Two Gas Selection Methodologies: An Application of Bayesian Model Averaging  

SciTech Connect

One goal of hyperspectral imagery analysis is the detection and characterization of plumes. Characterization includes identifying the gases in the plumes, which is a model selection problem. Two gas selection methods compared in this report are Bayesian model averaging (BMA) and minimum Akaike information criterion (AIC) stepwise regression (SR). Simulated spectral data from a three-layer radiance transfer model were used to compare the two methods. Test gases were chosen to span the types of spectra observed, which exhibit peaks ranging from broad to sharp. The size and complexity of the search libraries were varied. Background materials were chosen to either replicate a remote area of eastern Washington or feature many common background materials. For many cases, BMA and SR performed the detection task comparably in terms of the receiver operating characteristic curves. For some gases, BMA performed better than SR when the size and complexity of the search library increased. This is encouraging because we expect improved BMA performance upon incorporation of prior information on background materials and gases.

Renholds, Andrea S.; Thompson, Sandra E.; Anderson, Kevin K.; Chilton, Lawrence K.

2006-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

86

Tools to support a model-based methodology for emission/immission and benefit/cost/risk analysis of wastewater systems that considers uncertainty  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents a set of tools developed to support an innovative methodology to design and upgrade wastewater treatment systems in a probabilistic way. For the first step, data reconstruction, two different tools were developed, one for situations ... Keywords: Cost-benefit analysis, Grid computing, Modelling and simulation, Risk, Software tools, Wastewater treatment plant design

Lorenzo Benedetti; Davide Bixio; Filip Claeys; Peter A. Vanrolleghem

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

A.I.R.M.S.: the development of an Automated Information Requirements Modeling System to support the IDEF1 methodology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) Don T. Phillips (Member) Bry n L. Deuermeyer (Member) Glen N. Williams (Member) Leland T. Blank (Head oF Department) December 1985 ABSTRACT A. I. R. M. S. : The Development of an Automated ~formation Requirements Modeling System to Support... Qodeling 5~stem (A. I. R. M. S. ) prototype support tool for the IDEFI information modeling methodology. This report follows the development of the A. I. R. M. S. prototype from the needs analysis phase through the system implementation phase. Inciuded...

Knappenberger, William Bruce

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

88

Scientists model brain structure to help computers recognize...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Do you see what I see? Scientists model brain structure to help computers recognize objects The team tried developing a computer model based on human neural structure and function,...

89

methodology | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

methodology methodology Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): The main object of the SUNY task for SWERA is to prepare high resolution global irradiance (GHI) and direct irradiance (DNI) data sets for the countries of Cuba, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua.Much of our initial effort focused on building up the satellite data tx_metadatatool, and in strengthening and validating the models capable of converting that data into ground surface irradiances. Three research articles, acknowledging all or partial funding from UNEP & SWERA have been published on this subject. Source SUNY Albany Date Released July 31st, 2003 (11 years ago) Date Updated August 29th, 2003 (11 years ago) Keywords Cuba methodology solar SWERA UNEP Data application/pdf icon Download Report (pdf, 2.6 MiB)

90

Modeling of magnetostrictive materials and structures  

SciTech Connect

The constitutive model for a magnetostrictive material and its effect on the structural response is presented in this article. The example of magnetostrictive material considered is the TERFENOL-D. As like the piezoelectric material, this material has two constitutive laws, one of which is the sensing law and the other is the actuation law, both of which are highly coupled and non-linear. For the purpose of analysis, the constitutive laws can be characterized as coupled or uncoupled and linear or non linear. Coupled model is studied without assuming any explicit direct relationship with magnetic field. In the linear coupled model, which is assumed to preserve the magnetic flux line continuity, the elastic modulus, the permeability and magnetoelastic constant are assumed as constant. In the nonlinear-coupled model, the nonlinearity is decoupled and solved separately for the magnetic domain and the mechanical domain using two nonlinear curves, namely the stress vs. strain curve and the magnetic flux density vs. magnetic field curve. This is performed by two different methods. In the first, the magnetic flux density is computed iteratively, while in the second, the artificial neural network is used, where in the trained network will give the necessary strain and magnetic flux density for a given magnetic field and stress level. The effect of nonlinearity is demonstrated on a simple magnetostrictive rod.

Gopalakrishnan, S. [Department of Aerospace Engineering Indian Institute of Science Bangalore 560 012 (India)

2008-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

91

Safeguards Envelope Methodology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, but this early research was the foundation for the process monitoring systems at the Idaho Chemical Processing Plant, the prime example of this Dissertation (See Appendix 1). Early approaches at Argonne National Laboratory in integrated system tracking... was dropped in favor or IGENPRO. IGENPRO, developed at Argonne National Laboratory, is a technique and code used in order to resolve events using first principles thermohydraulic codes instead of event-based structure. This methodology is especially...

Metcalf, Richard

2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

92

Shell model level structure of 216Fr  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Sources of 220Ac in secular equilibrium with 221Pa were produced using the reaction 209Bi(18O,3n)224Pa. The alpha decay of 220Ac and coincident gamma and electron spectra were used to study the level structure of 216Fr. The levels in 216Fr can be interpreted in terms of the ?(h9/2)9/25?(g9/2)9/23, ?(h9/2)04(f7/2)7/2?(g9/2)9/23, and ?(h9/2)9/25?(g9/2)02(i11/2)11/2 shell model configurations. The alpha decay hindrance factors of the ground state to ground state transitions in the sequence 224Pa?220Ac?216Fr?212At suggest the collapse of quadrupole-octupole Nilsson orbitals into the more degenerate shell model orbitals. The sequence of hindrance factors in this odd chain are mirrored in the corresponding odd proton and odd neutron sequences beginning with 223Pa and 223Th, respectively.

R. K. Sheline; C. F. Liang; P. Paris; A. Gizon

1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Fracture of welded aluminum thin-walled structures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A comprehensive methodology was developed in the thesis for damage prediction of welded aluminum thin-walled structures, which includes material modeling, calibration, numerical simulation and experimental verification. ...

Zheng, Li, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

A Structure-Conveying Modelling Language for Mathematical and ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mar 24, 2009 ... proach does not scramble the block structure of the problem, and thus it ...... J. Gondzio, Optimization modeling languages, in Handbook of Ap-.

2009-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

95

Automated Modelling  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The previous chapters presented the fundamentals of bond graph methodology and its potential in tackling some basic problems in various application areas, e.g. models of variable structure (Chapter 7), lumped ...

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Generating Counterexamples for Structural Inductions by Exploiting Nonstandard Models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Generating Counterexamples for Structural Inductions by Exploiting Nonstandard Models Jasmin 2 Dept. of CSE, Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden Abstract. Induction proofs the theorem or prove auxiliary properties before performing the induction step. (Counter)model finders

Cengarle, María Victoria

97

Robust nite-di erence modelling of complex structures1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with the 1Proc. of HIGH PERFORMANCE COMPUTING IN SEISMIC MODELLING, An International Sympo- sium, Zaragoza-difference modelling of complex structures Paper No. 15 in Proc. of Int. Symposium on High Performance Computing

Oprsal, Ivo

98

A dynamic term structure model of Central Bank policy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis investigates the implications of explicitly modeling the monetary policy of the Central Bank within a Dynamic Term Structure Model (DTSM). We follow Piazzesi (2005) and implement monetary policy by including ...

Staker, Shawn W

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Phenomenological band structure model of magnetic coupling in semiconductors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Phenomenological band structure model of magnetic coupling in semiconductors Gustavo M. Dalpian a,1­18]. Several models have been proposed to explain the phenomena, including the phenomenological Zener

Gong, Xingao

100

Modeling covariance structure in unbalanced longitudinal data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and BIC for several models for Kenward?s cattle data. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 2 Simulation results for fixed-effects models: average maximum like- lihood estimators and Monte Carlo standard deviations from the true model and five... scenarios considered in the simulation study. . . . 34 3 Simulation results for mixed-effects models: average maximum likelihood estimators and Monte Carlo standard deviations from the true model and five scenarios considered in the simulation study. . 55 ix...

Chen, Min

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "methodologies model structures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Lower bounds on sample size in structural equation modeling  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Computationally intensive structural equation modeling (SEM) approaches have been in development over much of the 20th century, initiated by the seminal work of Sewall Wright. To this day, sample size requirements remain a vexing question in SEM based ... Keywords: AMOS, Common factor bias, Gini correlation, LISREL, PLS, Partial least squares, Rule of 10, SEM, Sample size, Structural equation modeling

J. Christopher Westland

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Methodology and results of the impacts of modeling electric utilities ; a comparative evaluation of MEMM and REM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This study compares two models of the U.S. electric utility industry including the EIA's electric utility submodel in the Midterm Energy Market Model (MEMM), and the Baughman-Joskow Regionalized Electricity Model (REM). ...

Baughman, Martin L.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Investigation of tornado models and structure by use of radar  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Vortex Theory . parent Call Structure Distributioa of snd Coaditioas in the Air Masses . Tornado Structure ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~, ~ ~ ~ * Dissussiea of Ccaditions and Models Revise of Various Models . Directioa of plou Directica of Rotstioa... Vortex 30 10. Ridge of Cold Air with Contour Lines ll. Norixontal Pro)ection of Tornado and Associated 33 Thunderstorn Call 37 12. Vertical Cross Section through the Eye of a Tornado Justification. Contributions to our knowledge of the structure...

Finley, William Andrew

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

104

A methodology to develop monthly energy use models from utility billing data for seasonally scheduled buildings: application to schools  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Day-types for Whole Building Electric Energy Use ( in W/ft*) for SES in FY93 . 60 7. 2 The C Values and Their Corresponding CV Values for Proposed Model for Sims . 66 7. 3 Monthly Data from Proposed Model for Sims for FY93 67 7. 4 Monthly Data... from Proposed Model for Sims for FY95 &, FY96 68 7. 5 Monthly Data from the 3P-mean Model for Sims for FY95 & FY96 70 7. 6 Daily Model Development for Ten Primary and Secondary Schools in Texas . 73 7. 7 Monthly Model Development for Ten Primary...

Wang, Wenyan

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

105

Tetragonal structure model for boehmite-derived ?-alumina  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

?-alumina (?-Al2O3) derived from boehmite has historically been described as having a cubic spinel structure with Fd3¯m symmetry, despite reports of tetragonal distortion in the structure. Based on neutron diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, and magic angle spinning NMR data, we propose a tetragonal model for the structure of boehmite-derived ?-Al2O3 with I41/amd space group symmetry, a maximal subgroup of Fd3¯m. It is also demonstrated that an accurate average structural model cannot be achieved if the cations are restricted to spinel positions.

G. Paglia; C. E. Buckley; A. L. Rohl; B. A. Hunter; R. D. Hart; J. V. Hanna; L. T. Byrne

2003-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

106

Artificial Neural Networks and Hidden Markov Models for Predicting the Protein Structures: The Secondary Structure  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Artificial Neural Networks and Hidden Markov Models for Predicting the Protein Structures advice on the development of this project #12;2 Artificial Neural Networks and Hidden Markov Models learning methods: artificial neural networks (ANN) and hidden Markov models (HMM) (Rost 2002; Karplus et al

107

The IMPACTT model: Structure and technical description  

SciTech Connect

The Integrated Market Penetration and Anticipated Cost of Transportation Technologies model, or IMPACTT, is a spreadsheet model that calculates the effect of advanced-technology vehicles and market penetration on baseline fuel use and emissions. Outputs include estimates of the quantity and value of oil displaced and emissions reduced by advanced-technology vehicles, the quantity of alternative fuels they consume, and the total incremental costs bome by purchasers of advanced-technology vehicles. In the current version of IMPACTT, up to eight fuel or engine technologies applicable to light-duty vehicles can be modeled by using a three-phase approach. First, the vehicle stock and miles traveled by the advanced-technology vehicle are determined. Second, assumptions about efficiency and fuel shares are used to estimate substitution-fuel use and oil displacement. Third, changes in emissions of carbon monoxide, non-methane hydrocarbons, nitrogen oxides, and carbon dioxide are computed.

Mintz, M.M.; Tompkins, M.M.; Camp, J.

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Linking Models and Data on Vegetation Structure Submitted to  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Linking Models and Data on Vegetation Structure Submitted to: Journal of Geophysical Research the original development of "Nachhaltigkeit" or in English "sustainability" with the Germans in the mid-18th

Moorcroft, Paul R.

109

Purchasing Power Parity: Error Correction Models and Structural Breaks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper examines purchasing power parity (PPP) behavior using error correction models (ECM) and allowing for structural breaks. We distinguish four different objectives: first, this paper examines which var...

Amalia Morales Zumaquero; Rodrigo Peruga Urrea

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

MODELLING UNCONSOLIDATED RUBBLE FORCES ON A CYLINDRICAL STRUCTURE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, MODELLING UNCONSOLIDATED RUBBLE FORCES ON A CYLINDRICAL STRUCTURE RF. McKenna and S structlJre and unconsolidated ice ridges. The tests were conducted with a 0.32 m diameter structure in unconsolidated ridges are given in McKenna el al. (1995). The tests provide a means of correlating the forces

Bruneau, Steve

111

LOW MACH NUMBER MODELING OF CONVECTION IN HELIUM SHELLS ON SUB-CHANDRASEKHAR WHITE DWARFS. I. METHODOLOGY  

SciTech Connect

We assess the robustness of a low Mach number hydrodynamics algorithm for modeling helium shell convection on the surface of a white dwarf in the context of the sub-Chandrasekhar model for Type Ia supernovae. We use the low Mach number stellar hydrodynamics code, MAESTRO, to perform three-dimensional, spatially adaptive simulations of convection leading up to the point of the ignition of a burning front. We show that the low Mach number hydrodynamics model provides a robust description of the system.

Zingale, M.; Orvedahl, R. J. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY 11794-3800 (United States)] [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY 11794-3800 (United States); Nonaka, A.; Almgren, A. S.; Bell, J. B. [Center for Computational Sciences and Engineering, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States)] [Center for Computational Sciences and Engineering, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); Malone, C. M. [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, The University of California, Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 (United States)] [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, The University of California, Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 (United States)

2013-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

112

Creative industries urban model: structure and functioning  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

initiate office refurbishment/construction projects and real estate refurbishment/development projects accordingly. In addition, by studying the evolution of land-use transformation displayed by the model, areas not productive to invest are easily... ). Later, their contribution to support urban creativity (Stam and Jeroen et al, 2008; Scott, 2006), facilitate urban regeneration (Pratt, 2009; Evans, 2005), and promote sustainable urban development (Kakiuchi, 2012; Forum for the Future, 2010) is also...

Liu, Helen; Silva, Elisabete A.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

E-AMOM: An Energy-Aware Modeling and Optimization Methodology for Scientific Applications on Multicore Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

power consumption of the scientific applications. Further, we optimize our applications based upon insights provided by the performance models to reduce runtime of the applications. Our methods and techniques are able to save up to 18% in energy...

Lively, Charles

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

114

Scaled Experimental Modeling of Geologic Structures Rutgers University  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of uncertainty associated with hydrocarbon exploration and production. Furthermore, experimental models allow us in the Department of Geological Sciences at Rutgers University. She has thirty years of experience in the oil & gas experimental models provide valuable information about structural processes, especially those not observed

115

Modeling Structural Heterogeneity in Proteins From X-Ray Data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Modeling Structural Heterogeneity in Proteins From X-Ray Data Ankur Dhanik1 , Henry van den Bedem2: In a crystallographic experiment, a protein is precipitated to obtain a crystalline sample (crystal) containing many determination and density calculation. The protein conformation is modeled by placing the atoms in 3-D space

Pratt, Vaughan

116

Renaissance of paper models and folded plate structures in glass  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents the development of glass folded plate structures. Glass will not only be used as a transparent covering but as a load-bearing element for the whole structure. A complete outline ranging from the architectural approach including simple paper models to structural analysis will be presented. The structural concept and its functional characteristics will be confirmed by finite element analysis. Moreover, this paper will also put into focus the geometrical diversity and individuality and will present mathematical algorithms as definitions of the geometrical freeform.

Stefan Trometer; Mathias Krupna

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Modeling and Feed?Forward Control of Structural Elastic Robots  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper an approach for modeling and control of robots with elasticities in power trains and in structural parts is presented and experimentally verified. For this purpose object?oriented nonlinear models are developed in the modeling language Modelica. A system theoretical study of the generated models shows that a direct inversion of the models due to the unstable zero dynamics is not possible. Therefore an algorithm for the approximate inversion is developed. With this inversion method an approximate inverse model considering structural elasticity for a 6?axis robot is created and verified for the control of the robot. The new control leads to a considerable improvement of the driving characteristics of the robot in the experiment.

M. Reiner; M. Otter; H. Ulbrich

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

A modelling methodology for the analysis of radon potential based on environmental geology and geographically weighted regression  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Many countries have promoted environmental studies and established national radon programmes in order to identify those geographical areas where high indoor exposure risk of people to this radioactive gas are more likely to be found (often referred to ... Keywords: Environmental geology, Environmental radon potential modelling, Geographically Weighted Regression, Geostatistic, Indoor radon, Local spatial effect

Antonio Pasculli; Sergio Palermi; Annalina Sarra; Tommaso Piacentini; Enrico Miccadei

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

PET Motion Compensation for Radiation Therapy Using a CT-Based Mid-Position Motion Model: Methodology and Clinical Evaluation  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: Four-dimensional positron emission tomography (4D PET) imaging of the thorax produces sharper images with reduced motion artifacts. Current radiation therapy planning systems, however, do not facilitate 4D plan optimization. When images are acquired in a 2-minute time slot, the signal-to-noise ratio of each 4D frame is low, compromising image quality. The purpose of this study was to implement and evaluate the construction of mid-position 3D PET scans, with motion compensated using a 4D computed tomography (CT)-derived motion model. Methods and Materials: All voxels of 4D PET were registered to the time-averaged position by using a motion model derived from the 4D CT frames. After the registration the scans were summed, resulting in a motion-compensated 3D mid-position PET scan. The method was tested with a phantom dataset as well as data from 27 lung cancer patients. Results: PET motion compensation using a CT-based motion model improved image quality of both phantoms and patients in terms of increased maximum SUV (SUV{sub max}) values and decreased apparent volumes. In homogenous phantom data, a strong relationship was found between the amplitude-to-diameter ratio and the effects of the method. In heterogeneous patient data, the effect correlated better with the motion amplitude. In case of large amplitudes, motion compensation may increase SUV{sub max} up to 25% and reduce the diameter of the 50% SUV{sub max} volume by 10%. Conclusions: 4D CT-based motion-compensated mid-position PET scans provide improved quantitative data in terms of uptake values and volumes at the time-averaged position, thereby facilitating more accurate radiation therapy treatment planning of pulmonary lesions.

Kruis, Matthijs F.; Kamer, Jeroen B. van de; Houweling, Antonetta C.; Sonke, Jan-Jakob; Belderbos, José S.A.; Herk, Marcel van, E-mail: m.v.herk@nki.nl

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

A Preliminary Structural Model for the Blue Mountain Geothermal Field,  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Structural Model for the Blue Mountain Geothermal Field, Structural Model for the Blue Mountain Geothermal Field, Humboldt County, Nevada Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Journal Article: A Preliminary Structural Model for the Blue Mountain Geothermal Field, Humboldt County, Nevada Abstract The Blue Mountain geothermal field is a blind geothermalprospect (i.e., no surface hot springs) along the west flank of BlueMountain in southern Humboldt County, Nevada. Developmentwells in the system have high flow rates and temperatures above190°C at depths of ~600 to 1,070 m. Blue Mountain is a small~8-km-long east-tilted fault block situated between the EugeneMountains and Slumbering Hills. The geothermal field occupiesthe intersection between a regional NNE- to ENE-striking,west-dipping

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "methodologies model structures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Advances on statistical/thermodynamical models for unpolarized structure functions  

SciTech Connect

During the eights and nineties many statistical/thermodynamical models were proposed to describe the nucleons' structure functions and distribution of the quarks in the hadrons. Most of these models describe the compound quarks and gluons inside the nucleon as a Fermi / Bose gas respectively, confined in a MIT bag with continuous energy levels. Another models considers discrete spectrum. Some interesting features of the nucleons are obtained by these models, like the sea asymmetries {sup -}d/{sup -}u and {sup -}d-{sup -}u.

Trevisan, Luis A. [Departamento de Matematica e Estatistica, Universidade Estadual de Ponta Grossa, 84010-790, Ponta Grossa, PR (Brazil); Mirez, Carlos [Universidade Federal dos Vales do Jequitinhonha e Mucuri, Campus do Mucuri, 39803-371, Teofilo Otoni, Minas Gerais (Brazil); Tomio, Lauro [Instituto de Fisica Teorica, Universidade Estadual Paulista, R. Dr. Bento Teobaldo Ferraz 271, Bl II Barra Funda, 01140070, Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil)

2013-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

122

Methodology to assess potential glint and glare hazards from concentrating solar power plants : analytical models and experimental validation.  

SciTech Connect

With growing numbers of concentrating solar power systems being designed and developed, glint and glare from concentrating solar collectors and receivers is receiving increased attention as a potential hazard or distraction for motorists, pilots, and pedestrians. This paper provides analytical methods to evaluate the irradiance originating from specularly and diffusely reflecting sources as a function of distance and characteristics of the source. Sample problems are provided for both specular and diffuse sources, and validation of the models is performed via testing. In addition, a summary of safety metrics is compiled from the literature to evaluate the potential hazards of calculated irradiances from glint and glare. Previous safety metrics have focused on prevention of permanent eye damage (e.g., retinal burn). New metrics used in this paper account for temporary flash blindness, which can occur at irradiance values several orders of magnitude lower than the irradiance values required for irreversible eye damage.

Diver, Richard B., Jr.; Ghanbari, Cheryl M.; Ho, Clifford Kuofei

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Modelling and analysis of a novel wind turbine structure  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study introduces a novel wind turbine structure for an urban environment. A computational modelling has been conducted to investigate the effect of the new structure on the flow behaviour of entrance wind through the structure and the feasibility of the new wind turbine working at different wind speeds in an urban area. The wind flow behaviour through a chamber of the wind turbine structure has resulted in an increase of 1.3 times of the wind velocity at the outlet of the wind turbine. This is equivalent to 2.5 times increase of wind energy. The wind tunnel tests were carried out to validate the simulation results. There is a good correlation between the experimental and computational results. It is evident that the presented computational method can predict and evaluate the performance of this new type of shroud structure in an urban environment.

Xu Zhang; Yong K. Chen; Rajnish K. Calay

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

DOE Challenge Home Label Methodology  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

October 2012 1 October 2012 1 Label Methodology DOE Challenge Home Label Methodology October 2012 DOE Challenge Home October 2012 2 Label Methodology Contents Background ............................................................................................................................................... 3 Methodology ............................................................................................................................................. 5 Comfort/Quiet .......................................................................................................................................... 5 Healthy Living ........................................................................................................................................... 7

125

Statistical quark models for the nucleon structure functions  

SciTech Connect

We consider some existing relativistic models for the nucleon structure functions, relying on statistical approaches instead of perturbative ones. These models are based on the Fermi-Dirac distribution for the confined quarks, where a density of energy levels is obtained from an effective confining potential. In this context, it is presented some results obtained with a recent statistical quark model for the sea-quark asymmetry in the nucleon. It is shown, within this model, that experimental available observables, such as the ratio and difference between proton and neutron structure functions, are quite well reproduced with just three parameters: two chemical potentials used to reproduce the valence up and down quark numbers in the nucleon, and a temperature that is being used to reproduce the Gottfried sum rule violation.

Mirez, Carlos [Instituto de Fisica Teorica, Universidade Estadual Paulista, Rua Dr. Bento Teobaldo Ferraz, 271, Barra-Funda, 01140-070, Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil); Tomio, Lauro [Instituto de Fisica Teorica, Universidade Estadual Paulista, Rua Dr. Bento Teobaldo Ferraz, 271, Barra-Funda, 01140-070, Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil); Instituto de Fisica, Universidade Federal Fluminense, 24210-346, Niteroi, RJ (Brazil)

2010-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

126

Lattice and off-lattice side chain models of protein folding: Linear time structure prediction better than 86% of optimal  

SciTech Connect

This paper considers the protein structure prediction problem for lattice and off-lattice protein folding models that explicitly represent side chains. Lattice models of proteins have proven extremely useful tools for reasoning about protein folding in unrestricted continuous space through analogy. This paper provides the first illustration of how rigorous algorithmic analyses of lattice models can lead to rigorous algorithmic analyses of off-lattice models. The authors consider two side chain models: a lattice model that generalizes the HP model (Dill 85) to explicitly represent side chains on the cubic lattice, and a new off-lattice model, the HP Tangent Spheres Side Chain model (HP-TSSC), that generalizes this model further by representing the backbone and side chains of proteins with tangent spheres. They describe algorithms for both of these models with mathematically guaranteed error bounds. In particular, the authors describe a linear time performance guaranteed approximation algorithm for the HP side chain model that constructs conformations whose energy is better than 865 of optimal in a face centered cubic lattice, and they demonstrate how this provides a 70% performance guarantee for the HP-TSSC model. This is the first algorithm in the literature for off-lattice protein structure prediction that has a rigorous performance guarantee. The analysis of the HP-TSSC model builds off of the work of Dancik and Hannenhalli who have developed a 16/30 approximation algorithm for the HP model on the hexagonal close packed lattice. Further, the analysis provides a mathematical methodology for transferring performance guarantees on lattices to off-lattice models. These results partially answer the open question of Karplus et al. concerning the complexity of protein folding models that include side chains.

Hart, W.E.; Istrail, S. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States). Algorithms and Discrete Mathematics Dept.

1996-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

127

2008 ASC Methodology Errata  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

- BONNEVILLE POWER ADMINISTRATION'S ERRATA CORRECTIONS BONNEVILLE POWER ADMINISTRATION'S ERRATA CORRECTIONS TO THE 2008 AVERAGE SYSTEM COST METHODOLOGY September 12, 2008 I....

128

A no extensive statistical model for the nucleon structure function  

SciTech Connect

We studied an application of nonextensive thermodynamics to describe the structure function of nucleon, in a model where the usual Fermi-Dirac and Bose-Einstein energy distribution were replaced by the equivalent functions of the q-statistical. The parameters of the model are given by an effective temperature T, the q parameter (from Tsallis statistics), and two chemical potentials given by the corresponding up (u) and down (d) quark normalization in the nucleon.

Trevisan, Luis A. [Departamento de Matematica e Estatistica, Universidade Estadual de Ponta Grossa, 84010-790, Ponta Grossa, PR (Brazil); Mirez, Carlos [Instituto de Ciencia, Engenharia e Tecnologia - ICET, Universidade Federal dos Vales do Jequitinhonha e Mucuri - UFVJM, Campus do Mucuri, Rua do Cruzeiro 01, Jardim Sao Paulo, 39803-371, Teofilo Otoni, Minas Gerais (Brazil)

2013-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

129

Development of an automated methodology for calibration of simplified air-side HVAC system models and estimation of potential savings from retrofit/commissioning measures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2.5 Potential Savings in Commercial Buildings .......................................... 18 2.6 Energy Benchmarking Strategies for Commercial Buildings................ 19 2.7 Summary... OF POTENTIAL ENERGY SAVINGS IN COMMERCIAL BUILDINGS .............................. 78 5.1 Potential Savings Estimation Methodology........................................... 78 5.2 Mathematical Formulation of the Potential Savings Methodology...

Baltazar Cervantes, Juan Carlos

2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

130

Application of a New Structural Model and Exploration Technologies to  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

New Structural Model and Exploration Technologies to New Structural Model and Exploration Technologies to Define a Blind Geothermal System: A Viable Alternative to Grid-Drilling for Geothermal Exploration: McCoy, Churchill County, NV Geothermal Project Jump to: navigation, search Last modified on July 22, 2011. Project Title Application of a New Structural Model and Exploration Technologies to Define a Blind Geothermal System: A Viable Alternative to Grid-Drilling for Geothermal Exploration: McCoy, Churchill County, NV Project Type / Topic 1 Recovery Act: Geothermal Technologies Program Project Type / Topic 2 Validation of Innovative Exploration Technologies Project Description The structural model is based on the role of subsurface igneous dikes providing a buttressing effect in a regional strain field such that permeability is greatly enhanced. The basic thermal anomaly at McCoy was defined by substantial U.S. Department of Energy-funded temperature gradient drilling and geophysical studies conducted during the period 1978 to 1982. This database will be augmented with modern magnetotelluric, controlled-source audio-magnetotelluric, and 2D/3D reflection seismic surveys to define likely fluid up-flow plumes that will be drilled with slant-hole technology. Two sites for production-capable wells will be drilled in geothermally prospective areas identified in this manner. The uniqueness of this proposal lies in the use of a full suite of modern geophysical tools, use of slant-hole drilling, and the extensive technical database from previous DOE funding.

131

The PDB_REDO server for macromolecular structure model optimization  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The PDB_REDO pipeline aims to improve macromolecular structures by optimizing the crystallographic refinement parameters and performing partial model building. Here, algorithms are presented that allowed a web-server implementation of PDB_REDO, and the first user results are discussed.

Joosten, R.P.

2014-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

132

Structural Modelling of Financial Constraints on Investment: Where Do We  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Structural Modelling of Financial Constraints on Investment: Where Do We Stand? Jean tests of investment facing financial constraints, to their link with firms data and asset prices the interpretation of the sensitivity of investment to liquidity variables such as cash flow as a measure

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

133

Structured Deformations as Energy Minimizers in Models of Fracture and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Structured Deformations as Energy Minimizers in Models of Fracture and Hysteresis R. Choksi and for a bar experiencing both smooth exten- sion and macroscopic fractures then are determined, and applications to the shearing of single crystals and to the cohesive fracture of solids are discussed. Yield

134

Coupling structural and functional models for interaction design  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......map. Structural models, such as the subway map in this example, describe the internal...instance, returning to the example of the subway passenger given above, the passenger's...word processor, a cellular phone, a car audio system, and an ultrasonic device. The......

Dong-Seok Lee; Wan Chul Yoon

2004-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

A meta-modeling simulation of structure abandonment timing decisions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An offshore oil and gas structure will be decommissioned and removed from service at the end of its productive life, depending upon operator preferences, legislative requirements, and strategic opportunities. The basic aim of decommissioning is to render all wells permanently safe and remove most, if not all, surface/seabed signs of production activity. The purpose of this paper is to characterize the timing decisions associated with abandoning offshore oil and gas structures. Three models are developed, ranging from a production-based forecast to a risked, net present value approach. Functions that describe how the age of the structure upon abandonment is related to system parameters is constructed using a meta-modeling simulation and illustrated on a generic field development scenario.

Mark J. Kaiser

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Generative Models for Super-Resolution Single Molecule Microscopy Images of Biological Structures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

an information bridge between super-resolution microscopy and structural biology by using generative models

Matsuda, Noboru

137

ELECTRICAL SIMULATION METHODOLOGY DEDICATED TO EMC DIGITAL CIRCUITS EMISSIONS ANALYSIS ON PCB  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ELECTRICAL SIMULATION METHODOLOGY DEDICATED TO EMC DIGITAL CIRCUITS EMISSIONS ANALYSIS ON PCB Jean integrated on closer structures, and the upsurge of electric/electromagnetic couplings in a large frequency optimise an electrical models library dedicated to the simulations of EMC emissions of digital integrated

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

138

Probabilistic fatigue methodology and wind turbine reliability  

SciTech Connect

Wind turbines subjected to highly irregular loadings due to wind, gravity, and gyroscopic effects are especially vulnerable to fatigue damage. The objective of this study is to develop and illustrate methods for the probabilistic analysis and design of fatigue-sensitive wind turbine components. A computer program (CYCLES) that estimates fatigue reliability of structural and mechanical components has been developed. A FORM/SORM analysis is used to compute failure probabilities and importance factors of the random variables. The limit state equation includes uncertainty in environmental loading, gross structural response, and local fatigue properties. Several techniques are shown to better study fatigue loads data. Common one-parameter models, such as the Rayleigh and exponential models are shown to produce dramatically different estimates of load distributions and fatigue damage. Improved fits may be achieved with the two-parameter Weibull model. High b values require better modeling of relatively large stress ranges; this is effectively done by matching at least two moments (Weibull) and better by matching still higher moments. For this purpose, a new, four-moment {open_quotes}generalized Weibull{close_quotes} model is introduced. Load and resistance factor design (LRFD) methodology for design against fatigue is proposed and demonstrated using data from two horizontal-axis wind turbines. To estimate fatigue damage, wind turbine blade loads have been represented by their first three statistical moments across a range of wind conditions. Based on the moments {mu}{sub 1}{hor_ellipsis}{mu}{sub 3}, new {open_quotes}quadratic Weibull{close_quotes} load distribution models are introduced. The fatigue reliability is found to be notably affected by the choice of load distribution model.

Lange, C.H. [Stanford Univ., CA (United States)

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

FCT Systems Analysis: Analysis Methodologies  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Analysis Methodologies to Analysis Methodologies to someone by E-mail Share FCT Systems Analysis: Analysis Methodologies on Facebook Tweet about FCT Systems Analysis: Analysis Methodologies on Twitter Bookmark FCT Systems Analysis: Analysis Methodologies on Google Bookmark FCT Systems Analysis: Analysis Methodologies on Delicious Rank FCT Systems Analysis: Analysis Methodologies on Digg Find More places to share FCT Systems Analysis: Analysis Methodologies on AddThis.com... Home Analysis Methodologies Resource Analysis Technological Feasibility & Cost Analysis Environmental Analysis Delivery Analysis Infrastructure Development & Financial Analysis Energy Market Analysis DOE H2A Analysis Scenario Analysis Quick Links Hydrogen Production Hydrogen Delivery Hydrogen Storage Fuel Cells Technology Validation

140

Scientists model brain structure to help computers recognize objects  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Do you see what I see? Do you see what I see? Scientists model brain structure to help computers recognize objects The team tried developing a computer model based on human neural structure and function, to do what we do, and possibly do it better. December 20, 2011 Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials. Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials.

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141

UNFCCC-GHG Inventory Methodological Documents and Training Materials | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

UNFCCC-GHG Inventory Methodological Documents and Training Materials UNFCCC-GHG Inventory Methodological Documents and Training Materials (Redirected from UNFCCC GHG Inventory Methodological Documents and Training Materials) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: UNFCCC GHG inventory Methodological Documents and Training Materials Agency/Company /Organization: United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change Sector: Energy, Land Topics: GHG inventory Resource Type: Lessons learned/best practices, Training materials, Software/modeling tools User Interface: Spreadsheet Website: unfccc.int/national_reports/non-annex_i_natcom/training_material/metho Cost: Free References: UNFCCC GHG inventory Methodological Documents and Training Materials[1] Logo: UNFCCC GHG inventory Methodological Documents and Training Materials

142

Application of the Methodology  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This chapter defines the methodological approach of the Green Energy Audit. The whole activity is divided into ... others. The chapter aims to provide the auditor with an overview, then in the subsequent...

Giuliano Dall’O’

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

BASF's Energy Survey Methodology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

BASF?s Energy Survey Methodology Thomas R. Theising BASF Corporation operates several dozen manufacturing Sites within NAFTA and periodically conducts Energy Surveys at each Site. Although these manufacturing sites represent a variety.... Brainstorming activities always follow the walk-through time to capture as many findings as possible. A ranking process is then applied to extract those 20% of the ideas worth the bulk of the savings. A methodology of developing quick economics is applied...

Theising, T. R.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Demand Activated Manufacturing Architecture (DAMA) supply chain collaboration development methodology  

SciTech Connect

The Demand Activated Manufacturing Architecture (DAMA) project during the last five years of work with the U.S. Integrated Textile Complex (retail, apparel, textile, and fiber sectors) has developed an inter-enterprise supply chain collaboration development methodology. The goal of this methodology is to enable a supply chain to work more efficiently and competitively. The outcomes of this methodology include: (1) A definitive description and evaluation of the role of business cultures and supporting business organizational structures in either inhibiting or fostering change to a more competitive supply chain; (2) ``As-Is'' and proposed ``To-Be'' supply chain business process models focusing on information flows and decision-making; and (3) Software tools that enable and support a transition to a more competitive supply chain, which results form a business driven rather than technologically driven approach to software design. This methodology development will continue in FY00 as DAMA engages companies in the soft goods industry in supply chain research and implementation of supply chain collaboration.

PETERSEN,MARJORIE B.; CHAPMAN,LEON D.

2000-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

145

Model electrode structures for studies of electrocatalyst degradation.  

SciTech Connect

Proton exchange membrane fuel cells are being extensively studied as power sources because of their technological advantages such as high energy efficiency and environmental friendliness. The most effective catalyst in these systems consists of nanoparticles of Pt or Pt-based alloys on carbon supports. Understanding the role of the nanoparticle size and structure on the catalytic activity and degradation is needed to optimize the fuel cell performance and reduce the noble metal loading. One of the more significant causes of fuel cell performance degradation is the cathode catalyst deactivation. There are four mechanisms considered relevant to the loss of electrochemically active surface area of Pt in the fuel cell electrodes that contribute to cathode catalyst degradation including: catalyst particle sintering such as Ostwald ripening, migration and coalescence, carbon corrosion and catalyst dissolution. Most approaches to study this catalyst degradation utilize membrane electrode assemblies (MEAs), which results in a complex system where it is difficult to deconvolute the effects of the metal nanoparticles. Our research addresses catalyst degradation by taking a fundamental approach to study electrocatalyst using model supports. Nanostructured particle arrays are engineered directly onto planar glassy carbon electrodes. These model electrocatalyst structures are applied to electrochemical activity measurements using a rotating disk electrode and surface characterization by scanning electron microscopy. Sample transfer between these measurement techniques enables examination of the same catalyst area before and after electrochemical cycling. This is useful to probe relationships between electrochemical activity and catalyst structure such as particle size and spacing. These model systems are applied to accelerated aging studies of activity degradation. We will present our work demonstrating the mechanistic aspects of catalyst degradation using this simplified geometric system. The active surface area loss observed in repeated cyclic voltammetry is explained through characterization and imaging of the same RDE electrode structures throughout the aging process.

St. Pierre, Jean (University of South Carolina); Atanassov, Plamen Borissov (University of New Mexico); Datye, Abhaya K. (University of New Mexico); Goeke, Ronald S. (University of New Mexico)

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Ultrafast Structural Dynamics in Combustion Relevant Model Systems  

SciTech Connect

The research project explored the time resolved structural dynamics of important model reaction system using an array of novel methods that were developed specifically for this purpose. They include time resolved electron diffraction, time resolved relativistic electron diffraction, and time resolved Rydberg fingerprint spectroscopy. Toward the end of the funding period, we also developed time-resolved x-ray diffraction, which uses ultrafast x-ray pulses at LCLS. Those experiments are just now blossoming, as the funding period expired. In the following, the time resolved Rydberg Fingerprint Spectroscopy is discussed in some detail, as it has been a very productive method. The binding energy of an electron in a Rydberg state, that is, the energy difference between the Rydberg level and the ground state of the molecular ion, has been found to be a uniquely powerful tool to characterize the molecular structure. To rationalize the structure sensitivity we invoke a picture from electron diffraction: when it passes the molecular ion core, the Rydberg electron experiences a phase shift compared to an electron in a hydrogen atom. This phase shift requires an adjustment of the binding energy of the electron, which is measurable. As in electron diffraction, the phase shift depends on the molecular, geometrical structure, so that a measurement of the electron binding energy can be interpreted as a measurement of the molecule’s structure. Building on this insight, we have developed a structurally sensitive spectroscopy: the molecule is first elevated to the Rydberg state, and the binding energy is then measured using photoelectron spectroscopy. The molecule’s structure is read out as the binding energy spectrum. Since the photoionization can be done with ultrafast laser pulses, the technique is inherently capable of a time resolution in the femtosecond regime. For the purpose of identifying the structures of molecules during chemical reactions, and for the analysis of molecular species in the hot environments of combustion processes, there are several features that make the Rydberg ionization spectroscopy uniquely useful. First, the Rydberg electron’s orbit is quite large and covers the entire molecule for most molecular structures of combustion interest. Secondly, the ionization does not change vibrational quantum numbers, so that even complicated and large molecules can be observed with fairly well resolved spectra. In fact, the spectroscopy is blind to vibrational excitation of the molecule. This has the interesting consequence for the study of chemical dynamics, where the molecules are invariably very energetic, that the molecular structures are observed unobstructed by the vibrational congestion that dominates other spectroscopies. This implies also that, as a tool to probe the time-dependent structural dynamics of chemically interesting molecules, Rydberg spectroscopy may well be better suited than electron or x-ray diffraction. With recent progress in calculating Rydberg binding energy spectra, we are approaching the point where the method can be evolved into a structure determination method. To implement the Rydberg ionization spectroscopy we use a molecular beam based, time-resolved pump-probe multi-photon ionization/photoelectron scheme in which a first laser pulse excites the molecule to a Rydberg state, and a probe pulse ionizes the molecule. A time-of-flight detector measures the kinetic energy spectrum of the photoelectrons. The photoelectron spectrum directly provides the binding energy of the electron, and thereby reveals the molecule’s time-dependent structural fingerprint. Only the duration of the laser pulses limits the time resolution. With a new laser system, we have now reached time resolutions better than 100 fs, although very deep UV wavelengths (down to 190 nm) have slightly longer instrument functions. The structural dynamics of molecules in Rydberg-excited states is obtained by delaying the probe ionization photon from the pump photon; the structural dynamics of molecules in their ground state or e

Weber, Peter M. [Brown University

2014-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

147

A 'BOOSTED FIREBALL' MODEL FOR STRUCTURED RELATIVISTIC JETS  

SciTech Connect

We present a model for relativistic jets which generates a particular angular distribution of Lorentz factor and energy per solid angle. We consider a fireball with specific internal energy E/M launched with bulk Lorentz factor ? {sub B}. In its center-of-momentum frame the fireball expands isotropically, converting its internal energy into radially expanding flow with asymptotic Lorentz factor ?{sub 0} ? E/M. In the lab frame the flow is beamed, expanding with Lorentz factor ? = 2?{sub 0}? {sub B} in the direction of its initial bulk motion and with characteristic opening angle ?{sub 0} ? 1/? {sub B}. The flow is jet-like with ??{sub 0} ? 2?{sub 0} such that jets with ? > 1/?{sub 0} are naturally produced. The choice ?{sub 0} ? ? {sub B} ? 10 yields a jet with ? ? 200 on-axis and angular structure characterized by opening angle ?{sub 0} ? 0.1 of relevance for cosmological gamma-ray bursts (GRBs), while ? {sub B} ?> 1 may be relevant for low-luminosity GRBs. The model produces a family of outflows, of relevance for different relativistic phenomena with structures completely determined by ?{sub 0} and ? {sub B}. We calculate the energy per unit solid angle for the model and use it to compute light curves for comparison with the widely used top-hat model. The jet break in the boosted fireball light curve is greatly subdued when compared to the top-hat model because the edge of the jet is smoother than for a top-hat. This may explain missing jet breaks in afterglow light curves.

Duffell, Paul C.; MacFadyen, Andrew I., E-mail: pcd233@nyu.edu, E-mail: macfadyen@nyu.edu [Center for Cosmology and Particle Physics, New York University, NY (United States)

2013-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

148

Growing network model for community with group structure  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We propose a growing network model for a community with a group structure. The community consists of individual members and groups, gatherings of members. The community grows as a new member is introduced by an existing member at each time step. The new member then creates a new group or joins one of the groups of the introducer. We investigate the emerging community structure analytically and numerically. The group size distribution shows a power-law distribution for a variety of growth rules, while the activity distribution follows an exponential or a power law depending on the details of the growth rule. We also present an analysis of empirical data from online communities the “Groups” in http://www.yahoo.com and the “Cafe” in http://www.daum.net, which show a power-law distribution for a wide range of group sizes.

Jae Dong Noh; Hyeong-Chai Jeong; Yong-Yeol Ahn; Hawoong Jeong

2005-03-23T23:59:59.000Z

149

Comparison of Arabinoxylan Structure in Bioenergy and Model Grasses  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Arabinoxylan Arabinoxylan Structure in Bioenergy and Model Grasses Ameya R. Kulkarni, 1 Sivakumar Pattathil, 1 Michael G. Hahn, 1,2 William S. York, 1,3 and Malcolm A. O'Neill 1 1 Complex Carbohydrate Research Center and US Department of Energy BioEnergy Science Center, 2 Department of Plant Biology, and 3 Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Georgia, Athens, GA Abstract Heteroxylans were solubilized from the alcohol-insoluble residue of switchgrass, rice, Brachypodium, Miscanthus, foxtail millet, and poplar with 1 M KOH. A combination of enzymatic, chemical, nu- clear magnetic resonance (NMR), mass spectroscopic, and immu- nological techniques indicated that grass arabinoxylans have comparable structures and contain no discernible amount of the reducing end sequence present in dicot glucuronoxylan. Our data suggest that rice, Brachypodium, and foxtail

150

Analysis Methodology for Large Organizations' Investments in Energy Retrofit of Buildings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents a formal methodology that supports large organizations' investments in energy retrofit of buildings. The methodology is a scalable modeling approach based on normative models and Bayesian calibration. Normative models are a light...

Heo, Y.; Augenbroe, G.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

New model updating method for damped structural systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, the following two problems are considered: Problem I Given a full column rank matrix X@?R^n^x^k, a diagonal matrix @L@?R^k^x^k(k@?n) and matrices M"a@?R^n^x^n,C"0,K"0@?R^r^x^r, find nxn matrices C,K such that M"aX@L^2+CX@L+KX=0, s. t.C([1,r])=C"0,K([1,r])=K"0, ... Keywords: Best approximation, Damped structural systems, Inverse problem, Model updating, Quadratic eigenvalue problem

Hao Liu; Yongxin Yuan

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Atomic and Electronic Structure of the FeO (111)/MgO(111) Model...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Electronic Structure of the FeO (111)MgO(111) Model Polar Oxide Interface. Atomic and Electronic Structure of the FeO (111)MgO(111) Model Polar Oxide Interface. Abstract: High...

153

A component-based debugging approach for detecting structural inconsistencies in declarative equation based models  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Object-oriented modeling with declarative equation based languages often unconsciously leads to structural inconsistencies. Component-based debugging is a new structural analysis approach that addresses this problem by analyzing the structure of each ... Keywords: component-based debugging, declarative model, modelica, simulation, structural inconsistency

Jian-Wan Ding; Li-Ping Chen; Fan-Li Zhou

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

PROTOPLANETARY DISK STRUCTURE WITH GRAIN EVOLUTION: THE ANDES MODEL  

SciTech Connect

We present a self-consistent model of a protoplanetary disk: 'ANDES' ('AccretioN disk with Dust Evolution and Sedimentation'). ANDES is based on a flexible and extendable modular structure that includes (1) a 1+1D frequency-dependent continuum radiative transfer module, (2) a module to calculate the chemical evolution using an extended gas-grain network with UV/X-ray-driven processes and surface reactions, (3) a module to calculate the gas thermal energy balance, and (4) a 1+1D module that simulates dust grain evolution. For the first time, grain evolution and time-dependent molecular chemistry are included in a protoplanetary disk model. We find that grain growth and sedimentation of large grains onto the disk midplane lead to a dust-depleted atmosphere. Consequently, dust and gas temperatures become higher in the inner disk (R {approx}< 50 AU) and lower in the outer disk (R {approx}> 50 AU), in comparison with the disk model with pristine dust. The response of disk chemical structure to the dust growth and sedimentation is twofold. First, due to higher transparency a partly UV-shielded molecular layer is shifted closer to the dense midplane. Second, the presence of big grains in the disk midplane delays the freeze-out of volatile gas-phase species such as CO there, while in adjacent upper layers the depletion is still effective. Molecular concentrations and thus column densities of many species are enhanced in the disk model with dust evolution, e.g., CO{sub 2}, NH{sub 2}CN, HNO, H{sub 2}O, HCOOH, HCN, and CO. We also show that time-dependent chemistry is important for a proper description of gas thermal balance.

Akimkin, V.; Wiebe, D.; Pavlyuchenkov, Ya. [Institute of Astronomy of the RAS, Pyatnitskaya str. 48, Moscow (Russian Federation)] [Institute of Astronomy of the RAS, Pyatnitskaya str. 48, Moscow (Russian Federation); Zhukovska, S.; Semenov, D.; Henning, Th. [Max-Planck-Institute for Astronomy, Koenigstuhl 17, D-69117 Heidelberg (Germany)] [Max-Planck-Institute for Astronomy, Koenigstuhl 17, D-69117 Heidelberg (Germany); Vasyunin, A. [Department of Chemistry, The University of Virginia, VA (United States)] [Department of Chemistry, The University of Virginia, VA (United States); Birnstiel, T., E-mail: akimkin@inasan.ru, E-mail: dwiebe@inasan.ru, E-mail: pavyar@inasan.ru, E-mail: zhukovska@mpia.de, E-mail: semenov@mpia.de, E-mail: henning@mpia.de, E-mail: anton.vasyunin@gmail.com, E-mail: tbirnstiel@cfa.harvard.edu [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States)

2013-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

155

Speeding Up the Process of Modeling Temporary Structures in a Building Information Model Using Predefined Families  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

systems and formworks, are good examples. Although these structures play a significant role in the logistics of the jobsite, there are neither a special tools nor predefined objects in BIM applications to help model these elements. In this case study a...

Sabahi, Parsa

2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

156

DOE Systems Engineering Methodology  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Systems Engineering Methodology (SEM) In-Stage Assessment Process Guide Version 3 September 2002 U.S. Department of Energy Office of the Chief Information Officer In-Stage Assessment Process Date: September 2002 Page i Rev Date: Table of Contents Section Page 1.0 Overview .......................................................................................................................................... 1 Introduction........................................................................................................................ 1 Purpose .............................................................................................................................. 1 Who Conducts ...................................................................................................................

157

UNFCCC-GHG Inventory Methodological Documents and Training Materials | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

UNFCCC-GHG Inventory Methodological Documents and Training Materials UNFCCC-GHG Inventory Methodological Documents and Training Materials Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: UNFCCC GHG inventory Methodological Documents and Training Materials Agency/Company /Organization: United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change Sector: Energy, Land Topics: GHG inventory Resource Type: Lessons learned/best practices, Training materials, Software/modeling tools User Interface: Spreadsheet Website: unfccc.int/national_reports/non-annex_i_natcom/training_material/metho Cost: Free References: UNFCCC GHG inventory Methodological Documents and Training Materials[1] Logo: UNFCCC GHG inventory Methodological Documents and Training Materials Visit the website for GHG inventory training materials, software support

158

Empirical Methodologies for Improving HVAC Efficiency  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Empirical Methodologies for Improving HVAC Efficiency Empirical Methodologies for Improving HVAC Efficiency Speaker(s): Anil Aswani Date: September 21, 2012 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Michael Wetter This talk describes the use of empirical methodologies that we have developed for the purpose of improving heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning (HVAC) efficiency through better control algorithms and configuration. We show that semiparametric regression can both identify simplified models of thermal HVAC dynamics while also estimating time-varying heating loads using only real-time temperature measurements from thermostats. These models can be used with our learning-based model predictive control (LBMPC) method in order to improve the energy-efficiency of HVAC. Experiments on testbeds with different types of HVAC show the

159

Geometric model of the structure of the neutron  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The paper examines the geometrical properties of a six-dimensional Kaluza-Klein type model. They may have an impact on the model of the structure of a neutron and its excited states in the realm of one particle physics. The statistical reason for the six-dimensionality and the stability of the solution is given. The derivation of the weak limit approximation of the general wave mechanical (quantum mechanical) approach, defined in the context of losing its self-consistency (here gravitational), is presented. The non self-consistent case for the Klein-Gordon equation is defined. The derivation of the energy of states and the analysis of the spin origin of the analyzed fields configuration is presented as the manifestation of both the geometry of the internal two-dimensional space and kinematics of fields inside it. The problem of the departure from the (gravitational) self-consistent calculations of the metric tensor and of other fields of the configuration is discussed. The implementation of the model for the description of a neutron and its excited states, including their spins and energies, is given. The informational reason for the existence of the internal extra space dimensions is proposed.

Jacek Syska

2009-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

160

Mnemonic Structure and Sociality: A Computational Agent-Based Simulation Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mnemonic Structure and Sociality: A Computational Agent-Based Simulation Model Claudio Cioffi-agent social simulation models are designed with agents lacking explicit internal information transformations affect human and social dynamics? Most computational multi-agent social simulation models

George Mason University

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "methodologies model structures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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161

Lifecycle Model  

Directives, Delegations, and Requirements

This chapter describes the lifecycle model used for the Departmental software engineering methodology.

1997-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

162

Type I error and power of the mean and covariance structure confirmatory factor analysis for differential item functioning detection: Methodological issues and resolutions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and latent constructs (i.e., trait, denoted by 𝜉𝜉). In the MACS model, the observed response 𝑥𝑥𝑖𝑖 to an item i (i = 1, …, p) is represented as a linear function of an intercept 𝜏𝜏𝑖𝑖 , latent trait variables 𝜉𝜉𝑖𝑖 (j = 1, …, m), and a unique... is a p × 1 vector of observed responses (in group g), 𝜏𝜏𝑔𝑔 is a p × 1 vector of intercepts, 𝜉𝜉𝑔𝑔 is an m × 1 vector of latent trait variables, ?𝑔𝑔 is a p × m matrix of factor loadings, and 𝛿𝛿𝑔𝑔 is a p × 1 vector of unique factor...

Lee, Jaehoon

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Electronic Survey Methodology Page 1 Electronic Survey Methodology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Electronic Survey Methodology Page 1 Electronic Survey Methodology: A Case Study in Reaching Hard, Maryland preece@umbc.edu 2002 © Andrews, Nonnecke and Preece #12;Electronic Survey Methodology Page 2 Conducting Research on the Internet: Electronic survey Design, Development and Implementation Guidelines

Nonnecke, Blair

164

Methodology and Analysis Monthly Natural Gas Gross Production Report  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Methodology and Analysis Methodology and Analysis Methodology and Analysis 1 Methodology: Description of the sampling and estimating methodologies implemented in April 2010 PDF 2 Review Results: Description of the problem and the alternative methodologies tested PDF 3 2009 Revisions: A comparison of the current methodology estimates to the previous estimates PDF 4 ICF International Review: ICF International's review paper given to the American Statistical Association Committee on Energy Statistics PDF 5 Other Sources: EIA-914 Estimates Compared with Other sources PDF 6 Issues: EIA-914 Sample and Model Issues PDF 7 Data Analysis: EIA-914 Final Clearance Package October 2006 PDF 8 Revision Policy: EIA-914 and Natural Gas Monthly Revision Policy March 2007 PDF 9 Commercial Data Sources:

165

Cogeneration Assessment Methodology for Utilities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A methodology is presented that enables electric utilities to assess the cogeneration potential among industrial, commercial, and institutional customers within the utility's service area. The methodology includes a survey design, analytic...

Sedlik, B.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

CONTROL-ORIENTED MODELING OF A SOLID-OXIDE FUEL CELL STACK USING AN LPV MODEL STRUCTURE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CONTROL-ORIENTED MODELING OF A SOLID-OXIDE FUEL CELL STACK USING AN LPV MODEL STRUCTURE Borhan M dynamic model of a solid oxide fuel cell stack. Using a detailed physical model as a starting point, we (usually air) on the cathode side. Solid-oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) utilize a ceramic oxygen-ion conducting

Sanandaji, Borhan M.

167

Recovery of 3D Solar Magnetic Field Model Parameter Using Image Structure Matching  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An approach to recover a 3D solar magnetic field model parameter using intensity images of the Sun's corona is introduced. The approach is a quantitative approach in which the 3D model parameter is determined via an image structure matching scheme. The ... Keywords: 3D Parameter Recovery, Image-based Modeling, Structure Matching

Jong Kwan Lee; G. Allen Gary

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

A new framework for the simulation of equation-based models with variable structure  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Many modern models contain changes that affect the structure of their underlying equation system, e.g. the breaking of mechanical devices or the switching of ideal diodes. The modeling and simulation of such systems in current equation-based languages ... Keywords: differential-algebraic equations, equation-based modeling, index reduction, variable-structure systems

Dirk Zimmer

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

A Model for Structure and Thermodynamics of ssDNA and dsDNA Near...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Structure and Thermodynamics of ssDNA and dsDNA Near a Surface:A Coarse Grained Approach. A Model for Structure and Thermodynamics of ssDNA and dsDNA Near a Surface:A Coarse...

170

Conservation Cost-Effectiveness Determination Methodology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Conservation Cost-Effectiveness Determination Methodology CONSERVATION COST-EFFECTIVENESS As with all other resources, the Council uses its portfolio model to determine how much conservation is cost the amount of savings achievable at varying costs. In order to capture the impact of variations in wholesale

171

A schistosomiasis model with mating structure and time delay  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nov 22, 2007 ... the parasite's mating structure, multiple resistant schistosome strains, and biological complexity associated with the parasite's life cycle.

2008-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

172

A lattice model to simulate ice-structure interaction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the forces exerted by ice sheets on oil rigs is of great interest for designers of offshore structures. Over and offshore structures is of key im- portance in the design of offshore platforms in the Arctic. Unfortunately at drawing some conclusions about the forces exerted on large-scale structures such as oil rigs

Boyer, Edmond

173

Simulation of systems with dynamically varying model structure  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Hybrid systems are dynamical systems composed of components with discrete and continuous behavior. Some systems change their structure during simulation, or their components behavior is essentially changing. This ''structural dynamics'' can be described ... Keywords: Discrete-continuous simulation, Hybrid systems, Modelica, Structural dynamics, VHDL-AMS

Peter Schwarz

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Methodology Carnegie Mellon  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

), choice of drilling sites by oil companies (Keller, Rady, and Cripps, 2005), and choice of modeling

Spirtes, Peter

175

Sustainable development of bioenergy sector: an integrated methodological framework  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Climate change and sustainable development are interrelated issues, which are of vital importance to government policy and corporate decision makers. The sustainability evaluation of a biomass-based technology with consideration of stakeholder interests can provide a foundation for implementing energy and environmental policies. This study aims to develop an integrated and structured methodological framework for analysing biofuel systems in pursuit of sustainable large scale production. The integrated assessment framework can assist to formulate integrative and transparent policies for sustainable biomass certification. The proposed framework uses first the analytic hierarchy process (AHP) to aid in extracting knowledge and judgments from stakeholders. AHP determines the critical criteria and indicators representing conflicting stakeholders' interests which can be incorporated in creating a dynamic system model for landscape-scale bioenergy modelling and assessment. An integrated AHP and system dynamics approach is currently being applied to assess the sustainable development of forest bioenergy sector in Maine, USA.

Anthony Halog

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Recombinatoric exploration of novel folded structures: heteropolymerbased model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

construction thus formally very similar Bryngelson and Wolynes' (11) seminal random energy model treatment # neutral # sequence space # thermodynamic stability # protein models I is widely recognized events

Chan, Hue Sun

177

The effects of individual differences on e-learning users’ behaviour in developing countries: A structural equation model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The main objective of our study is to (1) empirically investigate the factors that affect the acceptance and use of e-learning in Lebanon, and (2) investigate the role of a set of individual differences as moderators (e.g., age, gender, experience, educational level) in an extended Technology Acceptance Model (TAM). A quantitative methodology approach was adopted in this study. To test the hypothesized research model, data was collected from 569 undergraduate and postgraduate students studying in Lebanon via questionnaire. The collected data were analysed using Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) technique based on AMOS methods in conjunction with multi-group analysis. The result revealed that perceived usefulness (PU), perceived ease of use (PEOU), subjective norms (SN) and Quality of Work Life (QWL) positively affect students’ behavioural intention (BI). We also found that experience moderates the relationship between PEOU, PU and SN on e-learning use intention, and that age difference moderates the effects of PEOU, SN and QWL on BI. In addition, educational level moderates the effects of PEOU, SN on BI, and gender moderates the effects of PU, SN and QWL on BI. Contrary to expectations, a moderating role of age on the relationship between PU and BI was not found. Similarly, gender was not found to affect the relationship between PEOU and BI, and educational level did not moderate the relationship between PU or QWL and BI. In light of these findings, implications to both theory and practice are discussed.

Ali Tarhini; Kate Hone; Xiaohui Liu

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Managerial Coaching Behavior and Employee Outcomes: A Structural Equation Modeling Analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

‘s alpha estimates for reliability, correlation analysis, two-step modeling techniques for structural equation modeling, and Sobel tests were the analysis methods used in the study. The results of the analyses indicated that the hypothesized conceptual...

Kim, Sewon

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

179

Modeling Elasto-Plastic Behavior of Polycrystalline Grain Structure of Steels at Mesoscopic Level  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Modeling Elasto-Plastic Behavior of Polycrystalline Grain Structure of Steels at Mesoscopic Level. The constitutive model of crystal grains utilizes anisotropic elasticity and crystal plasticity. Commercially be considered macroscopically homogeneous. Elastic and rate independent plastic deformation modes are considered

Cizelj, Leon

180

Electricity price modeling and asset valuation: a multi-fuel structural approach  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We introduce a new and highly tractable structural model for spot and derivative prices in electricity markets. Using a stochastic model ... we translate the demand for power and the prices of generating fuels in...

René Carmona; Michael Coulon; Daniel Schwarz

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "methodologies model structures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Trees and beyond : exploiting and improving tree-structured graphical models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Probabilistic models commonly assume that variables are independent of each other conditioned on a subset of other variables. Graphical models provide a powerful framework for encoding such conditional independence structure ...

Choi, Myung Jin, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

ORNL/TM-2008/105 Cost Methodology for Biomass  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ORNL/TM-2008/105 Cost Methodology for Biomass Feedstocks: Herbaceous Crops and Agricultural Resource and Engineering Systems Environmental Sciences Division COST METHODOLOGY FOR BIOMASS FEESTOCKS ....................................................................................................... 3 2.1.1 Integrated Biomass Supply Analysis and Logistics Model (IBSAL).......................... 6 2

Pennycook, Steve

183

A Framework for the Quality Evaluation of MDWE Methodologies and Information Technology Infrastructures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Diverse development web methodologies currently exist in the field of Model-Driven Web Engineering MDWE, each of which covers different Levels of Abstraction on Model-Driven Architecture MDA: Computation Independent Model CIM, Platform Independent Model ... Keywords: Computer Science, Information Systems, Methodologies, Model-Driven Engineering, Model-Driven Web Engineering, Quality

Francisco José Domínguez-Mayo, María José Escalona, Manuel Mejías, Isabel Ramos, Luis Fernández

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Structural model of F1–ATPase and the implications for rotary catalysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...and R. M. Simmons Structural model of F1-ATPase and the implications for rotary...crystal structure of bovine mitochondrial F1-ATPase is described. Several features...approximately spherical alpha3beta3 sub-assembly. F1-ATPase|crystal structure|rotary catalysis...

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Finite element modeling of nonlinear vibration behavior of piezo-integrated structures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper aims at finite element modeling of nonlinear vibration behavior of piezo-integrated structures subjected to weak electric field. This nonlinear vibration behavior was observed in the form of dependence of resonance frequency on the vibration ... Keywords: Finite element modeling, Modal reduction, Newmark method, Nonlinear vibration, Piezo-integrated structures

Sandeep Kumar Parashar; Utz Von Wagner; Peter Hagedorn

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Design of fast output sampling feedback control for smart structure model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, the problem of modelling and output feedback control design for a smart structural system using piezoelectric material as a sensor/actuator is addressed. The model for a smart cantilever beam is developed by the finite element method. ... Keywords: output feedback, smart structure, vibration control

M. Umapathy; B. Bandyopadhyay

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

AIP/123-QED Fuzzy structure theory modeling of sound-insulation layers in complex  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

AIP/123-QED Fuzzy structure theory modeling of sound-insulation layers in complex vibroacoustic France (Dated: September 11, 2008) Fuzzy structure theory for sound-insulation layers 1 hal-00684495 is proposed in developing an elas- toacoustic element useful to model sound-insulation layers for compu

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

188

INTERNATIONAL DEPENDENCY AND STRUCTURE MODELLING CONFERENCE, DSM'10 22 23 JULY 2010, CAMBRIDGE, UK  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DSM'10 1 12 TH INTERNATIONAL DEPENDENCY AND STRUCTURE MODELLING CONFERENCE, DSM'10 22 ­ 23 JULY the feasibility and benefit of applying the Dependency Structure Matrix (DSM) as the modelling platform of the scores of all the value flows along that path. This is because under the #12;DSM'10 2 multipl

de Weck, Olivier L.

189

Pipeline ADC Design Methodology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Scaling vs. R. Figure 4.8 Pipeline ADC Structures. Figure2.4 A Pipelined ADC. Figure 3.1 Pipeline ADC Transfer Curve.Modes (b) data latency in pipeline ADC Figure 3.3 Detailed

Zhao, Hui

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Modeling the structure of coal water slurry (CWS) sprays  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis describes a model of coal water slurry (CWS) sprays and presents new experimental data for CWS viscosities. The model is based on the aerodynamic theory of spray atomization which has been successfully used for Diesel sprays. However...

Prithiviraj, Manikandan

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

191

Methodological approach towards sustainability by integration of environmental impact in production system models through life cycle analysis: Application to the Rioja wine sector  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper proposes the integration of life cycle analysis within the production system models as a tool for decision making (whether at the strategic, tactical or operational levels) attending not only economic and technical criteria but also the environmental ... Keywords: decision making, environmental impact, life cycle assessment, modeling and simulation, production systems, sustainability

Emilio Jiménez; Eduardo Martínez; Julio Blanco; Mercedes Pérez; Charmery Graciano

2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Optimization Online - A Non-Parametric Structural Hybrid Modeling ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Jun 30, 2014 ... Keywords: Electricity market; Electricity price modeling; Energy trading; Supply stack. Category 1: Applications -- OR and Management ...

Somayeh Moazeni

2014-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

193

Systems Integration Methodology  

SciTech Connect

A multi-disciplinary team led by the Advanced Power and Energy Program (APEP) of the University of California at Irvine is defining the system engineering issues associated with the integration of key components and subsystems into power plant systems that meet performance and emission goals of VISION 21. The myriad of fuels, fuel processing, power generation, and emission control technologies are narrowed down to selected scenarios by a screening analysis to identify those combinations that have the potential to achieve the VISION 21 goals consisting of 60% efficiency (HHV) for coal based systems and 75% efficiency (LHV) for gas-based systems. The selected promising cycle scenarios are then analyzed in detail to develop the performance and costs for each. The methodology used in arriving at these promising cases and the preliminary results of the cycle analyses are presented. The technology levels considered are based on projected technical and manufacturing advances being made in industry and on advances identified in current and future government supported research such as the Clean Coal Program, Combustion 2000 (LEBS and HIPPS), Advanced Turbine Systems program, Low-Cost Advanced Fuel Cell programs, and the Flexible Gas Turbine Systems program. Examples of systems included in these advanced cycles are solid oxide and molten carbonate fuel cells, advanced gas turbines, ion transport membrane separation and hydrogen-oxygen combustion.

Samuelsen, Scott; Rao, Ashok

2001-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

194

Risk assessment of an oxygen-enhanced combustor using a structural model based on the FMEA and fuzzy fault tree  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The oxygen-enhanced combustor has the advantages of high burning efficiency and low emissions. However, it should not be promoted for industrial use until its reliability and safety have been fully recognized. A new methodology is proposed to assess the risk of an oxygen-enhanced combustor using a structural model based on the FMEA and fuzzy fault tree. In addition, it is applied to a selected pilot semi-industrial combustor. To identify the hazard source comprehensively, the pilot is divided into four subsystems: the combustor subsystem, feed subsystem, ignition subsystem and exhaust subsystem. According to the operational parameters of flow (flow rate, temperature and pressure) and the component functions in different subsystems, the cause and effect matrix can be built using the structural model, and the relationship between the operational parameters and the effects of the change for the operational parameters on the system can be presented. Based on the results of cause and effect matrix, the FMEA can be built to describe the failed models and accident scenarios of the pilot. The main accident forms include leakage, injury, fire and explosion. Accordingly, with the severity and probability analysis of different accident forms, the fire and explosion accidents should be further accessed quantitatively using the fuzzy fault tree analysis. The fault trees can be obtained in accordance with the FMEA, and the qualitative assessments of the basic events can be collected by using expert scoring. A hybrid approach for the fuzzy set theory and weight analysis is investigated to quantify the occurrence probability of basic events. Then, the importance analysis of the fault trees, including the hazard importance of basic events and the cut set importance, is performed to help determine the weak links of the fire and explosion trees. Finally, some of the most effective measures are presented to improve the reliability and safety of the combustion system.

Zhen Chen; Xiaona Wu; Jianguo Qin

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Performance evaluation of artificial neural network coupled with generic algorithm and response surface methodology in modeling and optimization of biodiesel production process parameters from shea tree (Vitellaria paradoxa) nut butter  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This work investigated the potential of shea butter oil (SBO) as feedstock for synthesis of biodiesel. Due to high free fatty acid (FFA) of SBO used, response surface methodology (RSM) was employed to model and optimize the pretreatment step while its conversion to biodiesel was modeled and optimized using RSM and artificial neural network (ANN). The acid value of the SBO was reduced to 1.19 mg KOH/g with oil/methanol molar ratio of 3.3, H2SO4 of 0.15 v/v, time of 60 min and temperature of 45 °C. Optimum values predicted for the transesterification reaction by RSM were temperature of 90 °C, KOH of 0.6 w/v, oil/methanol molar ratio of 3.5, and time of 30 min with actual shea butter oil biodiesel (SBOB) yield of 99.65% (w/w). ANN combined with generic algorithm gave the optimal condition as temperature of 82 °C, KOH of 0.40 w/v, oil/methanol molar ratio of 2.62 and time of 30 min with actual SBOB yield of 99.94% (w/w). Coefficient of determination (R2) and absolute average deviation (AAD) of the models were 0.9923, 0.83% (RSM) and 0.9991, 0.15% (ANN), which demonstrated that ANN model was more efficient than RSM model. Properties of SBOB produced were within biodiesel standard specifications.

Eriola Betiku; Samuel S. Okunsolawo; Sheriff O. Ajala; Olatunde S. Odedele

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Modeling H2 adsorption in carbon-based structures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. One promising area of research is hydrogen physi-sorbed into carbonbased structures such as nanotubes and graphene. Two novel systems consisting of a phthalocyanine salt with a large cation were studied. Ab initio, density functional theory...

Lamonte, Kevin Anthony

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

197

Modeling of Catalyst Structure Degradation in PEM Fuel Cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this chapter, the requirements of a high-performance catalyst layer are examined in order to understand the ways in which the structure might degrade with operation. The formation of oxide species on the su...

Jeremy P. Meyers

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

A Non-Parametric Structural Hybrid Modeling Approach for ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

May 5, 2014 ... Keywords: Electricity market; Electricity price modeling; Energy trading; Supply ..... unit is measured by its ability to convert fuel energy content,.

2014-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

199

A review of validation methodologies and statistical performance indicators for modeled solar radiation data: Towards a better bankability of solar projects  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In the context of the current rapid development of large-scale solar power projects, the accuracy of the modeled radiation datasets regularly used by many different interest groups is of the utmost importance. This process requires careful validation, normally against high-quality measurements. Some guidelines for a successful validation are reviewed here, not just from the standpoint of solar scientists but also of non-experts with limited knowledge of radiometry or solar radiation modeling. Hence, validation results and performance metrics are reported as comprehensively as possible. The relationship between a desirable lower uncertainty in solar radiation data, lower financial risks, and ultimately better bankability of large-scale solar projects is discussed. A description and discussion of the performance indicators that can or should be used in the radiation model validation studies are developed here. Whereas most indicators are summary statistics that attempt to synthesize the overall performance of a model with only one number, the practical interest of more elaborate metrics, particularly those derived from the Kolmogorov–Smirnov test, is discussed. Moreover, the important potential of visual indicators is also demonstrated. An example of application provides a complete performance analysis of the predictions of clear-sky direct normal irradiance obtained with six models of the literature at Tamanrasset, Algeria, where high-turbidity conditions are frequent.

Christian A. Gueymard

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Reservoir characterization using experimental design and response surface methodology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This research combines a statistical tool called experimental design/response surface methodology with reservoir modeling and flow simulation for the purpose of reservoir characterization. Very often, it requires large number of reservoir simulation...

Parikh, Harshal

2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "methodologies model structures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

A Methodology for Automated Verification of Rosetta Specification Transformations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

particular semantic vocabulary and modeling style. The following dissertation proposes a framework, semantics and methodology for automated verification of safety preservation over specification transformations between domains. Utilizing the ideas of lattice...

Lohoefener, Jennifer Lee

2011-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

202

A Quasi-Dynamic HVAC and Building Simulation Methodology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis introduces a quasi-dynamic building simulation methodology which complements existing building simulators by allowing transient models of HVAC (heating, ventilating and air-conditioning) systems to be created in an analogous way...

Davis, Clinton Paul

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

203

Ontology-based methodology for e-service discovery  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Service discovery is a critical aspect in the Service Oriented Computing approach. A model, a methodology and a tool environment based on ontologies are proposed in this paper. The requester and provider perspectives are discussed, both to support the ...

Devis Bianchini; Valeria De Antonellis; Barbara Pernici; Pierluigi Plebani

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Ising models for neural activity inferred via Selective Cluster Expansion: structural and coding  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ising models for neural activity inferred via Selective Cluster Expansion: structural and coding) of the entropy, a method for inferring an Ising model which describes the correlated activity of populations: statistical inference, neuronal networks #12;Ising models for neural activity inferred via Selective Cluster

Cocco, Simona

205

MOCHA: A Model Checking Tool that Exploits Design Structure L. de Alfaro R. Grosu  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

INTRODUCTION Model checking is emerging as a practical tool for automated debugging of embedded software (seeMOCHA: A Model Checking Tool that Exploits Design Structure R. Alur L. de Alfaro¡ R. Grosu ¢ T [7] for a survey, and [12, 11] for sample model checkers, and [8] for applications to software

de Alfaro, Luca

206

MOCHA: A Model Checking Tool that Exploits Design Structure L. de Alfaro  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

INTRODUCTION Model checking is emerging as a practical tool for automated debugging of embedded software (seeMOCHA: A Model Checking Tool that Exploits Design Structure R. Alur L. de Alfaro R. Grosu T [7] for a survey, and [12, 11] for sample model checkers, and [8] for applications to software

Grosu, Radu

207

Identification of a sound-insulation layer modelled by fuzzy structure theory -Experimental validation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Identification of a sound-insulation layer modelled by fuzzy structure theory - Experimental.fernandez@univ-paris-est.fr Abstract One proposes a novel approach to model sound-insulation layers based on the use of the fuzzy in computational models. The keypoint of the method is the construction of a mean elastoacoustic sound-insulation

Boyer, Edmond

208

Structure and anomalous solubility for hard spheres in an associating lattice gas model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Structure and anomalous solubility for hard spheres in an associating lattice gas model Marcia M spheres in an associating lattice gas model Marcia M. Szortyka,1,a) Mauricio Girardi,2,b) Vera B-sphere gas in a solvent modeled as an associating lattice gas. The solution phase diagram for solute at 5

Barbosa, Marcia C. B.

209

Fixation at a locus with multiple alleles: Structure and solution of the Wright Fisher model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fixation at a locus with multiple alleles: Structure and solution of the Wright Fisher model D genetics a b s t r a c t We consider the Wright Fisher model for a finite population of diploid sexual mathematical representation of the Wright Fisher model that applies for arbitrary numbers of alleles. Within

Waxman, David

210

A finite element model for transient thermal/structural analysis of large composite space structures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on approximate 6 analysis techniques based on finite elements has begun. Such techniques as reduced basis techniques and generalized transform methods offer hope of solving the finite element 8 equations more efficiently. An integrated thermal/structural... integrated analysis codes. However, Mahaney, Thornton, and Dechaumphai have identified require 5 ments for such thermal/structural programs. They concluded that such analysis methods should have the following five characteristics. First, a common finite...

Lutz, James Delmar

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

211

Mathematical modeling of irreversible dynamic deformation, micro- and macrofracture of materials and structures  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

7: Material Phase Transition, Modeling, and Others 7: Material Phase Transition, Modeling, and Others Mathematical Modeling of Irreversible Dynamic Deformation, Micro- and Macrofracture of Materials and Structures P. P. Zakharov and A. B. Kiselev All-Russia Research Institute of Automatics, Moscow 125412, Russia Thermomechanical processes, which proceed in deformable solids under intensive dynamic loading, consist of mechanical, thermal and structural ones, which correlate themselves. The structural processes involve the formation, motion and interaction of defects in metallic crystals, phase transitions, the breaking of bonds between molecules in polymers, the accumulation of microstructural damages (pores, cracks), etc. Irreversible deformations, zones of adiabatic shear and microfractures are caused by these

212

An improved lake model for climate simulations: Model structure, evaluation, and sensitivity analyses in CESM1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

into the numerical weather prediction model COSMO, BorealCurrent numerical weather prediction (NWP) models, regionalof lakes in numerical weather prediction and climate models:

Subin, Z.M.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Accuracy of functional surfaces on comparatively modeled protein structures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

surfaces can be accurately reproduced. We use an alpha shape based pocket algorithm to compute all pockets. Keywords Protein binding surface Á Comparative model Á Signatures of binding pockets Á Amylase Abbreviation

Dai, Yang

214

The temporal cascade structure of reanalyses and Global Circulation models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and stochastic forecasting. 1. Introduction "Weather prediction by Numerical Process" (Richardson, 1922 equations. While these equations are deterministic, numerical weather prediction has been increasingly of the deterministic models. Interestingly, Richardson is not only the father of numerical weather forecasting, he

Lovejoy, Shaun

215

Computational tools for modeling and measuring chromosome structure  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DNA conformation within cells has many important biological implications, but there are challenges both in modeling DNA due to the need for specialized techniques, and experimentally since tracing out in vivo conformations ...

Ross, Brian Christopher

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Fit Index Sensitivity in Multilevel Structural Equation Modeling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, 1998). Multilevel modeling (MLM) is an extension of multiple regression analysis that provides a framework for such questions to be addressed (Raudenbush & Bryk, 2002; Snijders & Bosker, 10 1999). MLM, also known as hierarchical linear modeling... these parameters to vary across groups addresses several of the aforementioned problems while providing new analytic insights. For example, MLM permits investigators to analyze cross-level interactions in order to determine whether within-group effects...

Boulton, Aaron Jacob

2011-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

217

Hubble expansion & Structure Formation in Time Varying Vacuum Models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate the properties of the FLRW flat cosmological models in which the vacuum energy density evolves with time, $\\Lambda(t)$. Using different versions of the $\\Lambda(t)$ model, namely quantum field vacuum, power series vacuum and power law vacuum, we find that the main cosmological functions such as the scale factor of the universe, the Hubble expansion rate $H$ and the energy densities are defined analytically. Performing a joint likelihood analysis of the recent supernovae type Ia data, the Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) shift parameter and the Baryonic Acoustic Oscillations (BAOs) traced by the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) galaxies, we put tight constraints on the main cosmological parameters of the $\\Lambda(t)$ scenarios. Furthermore, we study the linear matter fluctuation field and the growth rate of clustering of the above vacuum models. Finally, we derived the theoretically predicted dark-matter halo mass function and the corresponding distribution of cluster-size halos for all the models studied. Their expected redshift distribution indicates that it will be difficult to distinguish the closely resembling models (constant vacuum, quantum field and power-law vacuum), using realistic future X-ray surveys of cluster abundances. However, cluster surveys based on the Sunayev-Zeldovich detection method give some hope to distinguish the closely resembling models at high redshifts.

S. Basilakos; M. Plionis; J. Sola

2009-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

218

Transmission Line Structure Spotting and Optimization within a Defined Transmission Line Routing Centerline Using Non-Linear Programming Models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and optimize structure heights for overhead transmission lines. The modeling tool will address common problems in determining overhead transmission line structure heights and locations. Some of the common problems consist of structure locations often having...

Cockrum, Joshua W.

2010-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

219

EFFECT OF THE MODEL CORRELATING STRUCTURAL DAMAGE TO REPAIRING COST ON LIFE CYCLE ECONOMIC LOSS ESTIMATION OF BUILDING STRUCTURES IN HIGH SEISMIC ZONE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

correlating the damage to repairing cost on the life cycle loss using a simple model. Buildings are modeledEFFECT OF THE MODEL CORRELATING STRUCTURAL DAMAGE TO REPAIRING COST ON LIFE CYCLE ECONOMIC LOSS ESTIMATION OF BUILDING STRUCTURES IN HIGH SEISMIC ZONE Noriyuki TAKAHASHI, Hitoshi SHIOHARA, and Shunsuke

Shiohara, Hitoshi

220

Seismic structural response from continuous and discrete models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Derivation . 2. Solving the Shear Beam Differential Equation 3. Adding Damping to the Shear Beam Model D. Comparisons of Results from the Models E. Simple Dynamic Tests of the Models 1. Acceleration Pulse 2. Velocity Pulse . 3. Instantaneous Pulse... + asst) + C(tt t tt 4 + a4vt + t23ttt) Solve Kttt+ttt = p, for Btt t3t / t+rtt ~ u0(ut+t3t ut) tt2vt tt3ttt Vt+at + Vt + ttsttt ? tt&ttt+ttt outPut ttt+ttt vt+ttt t3t+t3t t 4 ? t+Dt ut 4 ut+za vt 4 ? vt4-d, t ttt 4 ttt+za enddo...

Roberts, Matthew Wade

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "methodologies model structures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Hubble expansion & Structure Formation in Time Varying Vacuum Models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate the properties of the FLRW flat cosmological models in which the vacuum energy density evolves with time, $\\Lambda(t)$. Using different versions of the $\\Lambda(t)$ model, namely quantum field vacuum, power series vacuum and power law vacuum, we find that the main cosmological functions such as the scale factor of the universe, the Hubble expansion rate $H$ and the energy densities are defined analytically. Performing a joint likelihood analysis of the recent supernovae type Ia data, the Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) shift parameter and the Baryonic Acoustic Oscillations (BAOs) traced by the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) galaxies, we put tight constraints on the main cosmological parameters of the $\\Lambda(t)$ scenarios. Furthermore, we study the linear matter fluctuation field and the growth rate of clustering of the above vacuum models. Finally, we derived the theoretically predicted dark-matter halo mass function and the corresponding distribution of cluster-size halos for all the mode...

Basilakos, S; Solà, J

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Structural Models and Endogeneity in Corporate Finance: The Link Between Managerial Ownership and Corporate Performance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents a parsimonious, structural model that isolates primary economic determinants of the level and dispersion of managerial ownership, firm scale, and performance and the empirical associations among them. ...

Coles, Jeffrey L.; Lemmon, Michael L.; Meschke, Felix

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Calculation of Heavy Ion Inactivation and Mutation Rates in Radial Dose Model of Track Structure  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the track structure model, the inactivation cross section is found by summing an inactivation probability over all impact parameters from the ion to the sensitive sites within the cell nucleus. The inactivation probability is evaluated by using the ...

Cucinotta Francis A.; Wilson John W.; Shavers Mark R.; Katz Robert

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Green Water Flow Kinematics and Impact Pressure on a Three Dimensional Model Structure  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Flow kinematics of green water due to plunging breaking waves interacting with a simplified, three-dimensional model structure was investigated in laboratory. Two breaking wave conditions were tested: one with waves impinging and breaking...

Ariyarathne, Hanchapola Appuhamilage Kusalika Suranjani

2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

225

FLUID FLOW MODELING OF RESIN TRANSFER MOLDING FOR COMPOSITE MATERIAL WIND TURBINE BLADE STRUCTURES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

FLUID FLOW MODELING OF RESIN TRANSFER MOLDING FOR COMPOSITE MATERIAL WIND TURBINE BLADE STRUCTURES the guidance and direction provided by my advisors: Dr. Mandell, Dr. Cairns and Dr. Larsen. I would also like

226

Weekly Coal Production Estimation Methodology  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Weekly Coal Production Estimation Methodology Step 1 (Estimate total amount of weekly U.S. coal production) U.S. coal production for the current week is estimated using a ratio...

227

Predictive Models of Biohydrogen and Biomethane Production Based on the Compositional and Structural Features of Lignocellulosic Materials  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Predictive Models of Biohydrogen and Biomethane Production Based on the Compositional and Structural Features of Lignocellulosic Materials ...

Florian Monlau; Cecilia Sambusiti; Abdellatif Barakat; Xin Mei Guo; Eric Latrille; Eric Trably; Jean-Philippe Steyer; Hélène Carrere

2012-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

228

Automated Eukaryotic Gene Structure Annotation Using EVidenceModeler and the Program to Assemble Spliced Alignments  

SciTech Connect

EVidenceModeler (EVM) is presented as an automated eukaryotic gene structure annotation tool that reports eukaryotic gene structures as a weighted consensus of all available evidence. EVM, when combined with the Program to Assemble Spliced Alignments (PASA), yields a comprehensive, configurable annotation system that predicts protein-coding genes and alternatively spliced isoforms. Our experiments on both rice and human genome sequences demonstrate that EVM produces automated gene structure annotation approaching the quality of manual curation.

Haas, B J; Salzberg, S L; Zhu, W; Pertea, M; Allen, J E; Orvis, J; White, O; Buell, C R; Wortman, J R

2007-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

229

A constraint propagation approach to structural model based image segmentation and recognition  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The interpretation of complex scenes in images requires knowledge regarding the objects in the scene and their spatial arrangement. We propose a method for simultaneously segmenting and recognizing objects in images, that is based on a structural representation ... Keywords: Constraint satisfaction, Fuzzy set, Image interpretation, Structural model

Olivier Nempont; Jamal Atif; Isabelle Bloch

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Ecological Modelling 147 (2002) 2339 Dispersal success on spatially structured landscapes: when  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ecological Modelling 147 (2002) 23­39 Dispersal success on spatially structured landscapes: when do a simulation study in which we explored (1) the conditions under which landscape structure affects dispersal success and (2) the dependency of dispersal success on the choice of dispersal algorithm. We simulated

With, Kimberly A.

231

Data development technical support document for the aircraft crash risk analysis methodology (ACRAM) standard  

SciTech Connect

The Aircraft Crash Risk Analysis Methodology (ACRAM) Panel has been formed by the US Department of Energy Office of Defense Programs (DOE/DP) for the purpose of developing a standard methodology for determining the risk from aircraft crashes onto DOE ground facilities. In order to accomplish this goal, the ACRAM panel has been divided into four teams, the data development team, the model evaluation team, the structural analysis team, and the consequence team. Each team, consisting of at least one member of the ACRAM plus additional DOE and DOE contractor personnel, specializes in the development of the methodology assigned to that team. This report documents the work performed by the data development team and provides the technical basis for the data used by the ACRAM Standard for determining the aircraft crash frequency. This report should be used to provide the generic data needed to calculate the aircraft crash frequency into the facility under consideration as part of the process for determining the aircraft crash risk to ground facilities as given by the DOE Standard Aircraft Crash Risk Assessment Methodology (ACRAM). Some broad guidance is presented on how to obtain the needed site-specific and facility specific data but this data is not provided by this document.

Kimura, C.Y.; Glaser, R.E.; Mensing, R.W.; Lin, T.; Haley, T.A.; Barto, A.B.; Stutzke, M.A.

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Local identification of scalar hybrid models with tree structure  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......using an SHM for the reactor. LOCAL IDENTIFICATION...established with the necessary reliability. Therefore, a black-box...complexity of the SHM for the reactor subprocesses as depicted...the SHM allows the analysis of the impact of monomer...extrapolability for practical reactor modelling. Indeed and......

Bernold Fiedler; Andreas Schuppert

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

AutoDEVS: A Methodology for Automating M&S Software Development and Testing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

modeling and simulation (M&S) methodology which becomes essential as the scale of systems under development introduced as formalism for discrete event modeling and simulation, the DEVS (Discrete Event System methodologies integrate Modeling and Simulation (M&S) techniques to develop systems. Modeling and Simulation

234

Comparison of the bioavailability of elemental waste laden soils using in vivo and in vitro analytical methodology and refinement of exposure/dose models. 1998 annual progress report  

SciTech Connect

'The authors hypotheses are: (1) the more closely the synthetic, in vitro, extractant mimics the extraction properties of the human digestive bio-fluids, the more accurate will be the estimate of an internal dose; (2) performance can be evaluated by in vivo studies with a rat model and quantitative examination of a mass balance, calculation and dose estimates from model simulations for the in vitro and in vivo system; and (3) the concentration of the elements Pb, Cd, Cr and selected Radionuclides present in the bioavailable fraction obtained with a synthetic extraction system will be a better indicator of contaminant ingestion from a contaminated soil because it represents the portion of the mass which can yield exposure, uptake and then the internal dose to an individual. As of April 15, 1998, they have made significant progress in the development of a unified approach to the examination of bioavailability and bioaccessibility of elemental contamination of soils for the ingestion route of exposure. This includes the initial characterization of the soil, in vitro measurements of bioaccessibility, and in vivo measurements of bioavailability. They have identified the basic chemical and microbiological characteristics of waste laden soils. These have been used to prioritize the soils for potential mobility of the trace elements present in the soil. Subsequently they have employed a mass balance technique, which for the first time tracked the movement and distribution of elements through an in vitro or in vivo experimental protocol to define the bioaccessible and the bioavailable fractions of digested soil. The basic mass balance equation for the in vitro system is: MT = MSGJ + MIJ + MR. where MT is the total mass extractable by a specific method, MSGJ, is the mass extracted by the saliva and the gastric juices, MIJ is the mass extracted by the intestinal fluid, and MR is the unextractable portion of the initial mass. The above is based upon the use of a synthetic digestive bio-fluids model that includes the saliva, gastric juices, and intestinal fluids. The system has been devised to sequentially extract elements from soil by starting with an extraction by the saliva and carrying the entire mixture to the subsequent bio-fluids for further extraction. The residence time of the soil in each extractant and the liquid to mass ratio in the gastric juices are based upon typical values known for the human digestive system. Experiments were conducted to examine the sensitivity of the extractions to changes in these major variables. The results indicated the lack of significant extraction after 2 h of residence in gastric fluid. The range of variation of the liquid to mass ratio was element dependent over the interval 100:1 and 5,000:1. The final values used for the extraction protocol were: 2 h residence time , and a ratio of 1,000:1. Details of the chemical composition of the extraction protocol are found in Hamel, 1998.'

Lioy, P.J.; Gallo, M.; Georgopoulos, P. [Univ. of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, Piscataway, NJ (US). Exposure Measurement and Assessment Div.; Tate, R.; Buckley, B. [Rutgers, The State Univ. of New Jersey, New Brunswick, NJ (US)

1998-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Free Energy Functionals for Efficient Phase Field Crystal Modeling of Structural Phase Transformations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The phase field crystal (PFC) method is a promising technique for modeling materials with atomic resolution on mesoscopic time scales. While numerically more efficient than classical density functional theory (CDFT), its single mode free energy limits the complexity of structural transformations that can be simulated. We introduce a new PFC model inspired by CDFT, which uses a systematic construction of two-particle correlation functions that allows for a broad class of structural transformations. Our approach considers planar spacings, lattice symmetries, planar atomic densities, and atomic vibrational amplitudes in the unit cell, and parameterizes temperature and anisotropic surface energies. The power of our approach is demonstrated by two examples of structural phase transformations.

Michael Greenwood; Nikolas Provatas; Jörg Rottler

2010-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

236

Solutia: Massachusetts Chemical Manufacturer Uses SECURE Methodology...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

SECURE Methodology to Identify Potential Reductions in Utility and Process Energy Consumption Solutia: Massachusetts Chemical Manufacturer Uses SECURE Methodology to Identify...

237

The Ising model in a transverse field on comb-like ramified linear structures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Ising model in a transverse field on comb-like ramified linear structures R. Jullien, K. A une méthode de renormalisation et des résultats exacts, le modèle d'Ising dans un champ transverse Combining a real space renormalization group method and exact results, the Ising model with a transverse

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

238

SUPPLEMENTARY MATERIAL Supplementary Material to "High-Dimensional Structure Learning of Ising Models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SUPPLEMENTARY MATERIAL Supplementary Material to "High-Dimensional Structure Learning of Ising) (P, Q) := 1 2 P - Q 1 = 1 2 xX |P(x) - Q(x)|. 1.1. Analysis of Ising Models on Trees. We first derive simple expressions for Ising models Markov on trees. This will be later used upon reduction of general

Anandkumar, Animashree

239

Modeling the Global Structure of the Heliosphere during the Recent Solar Minimum  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Berkeley, California. Abstract. The recent solar minimum, marking the end of solar cycle 23, has beenModeling the Global Structure of the Heliosphere during the Recent Solar Minimum: Model Mikic and Janet G. Luhmann Predictive Science, San Diego, California. Harvard-Smithsonian Center

California at Berkeley, University of

240

Modeling and H? robust control of a smart structure with rate-dependent hysteresis nonlinearity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The performance of smart structures in trajectory tracking under sub-micron level is hindered by the rate-dependent hysteresis nonlinearity. In this paper, a Hammerstein-like model based on the support vector machines (SVM) is proposed to capture the ... Keywords: H? robust control, Hammerstein-like model, Rate-dependent hysteresis, piezoelectric actuator, support vector machines (SVM)

Ping Liu; Zhen-Yan Wang; Zhen Zhang; Jian-Qin Mao; Ke-Min Zhou

2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "methodologies model structures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

The mathematical structure of multiphase thermal models of flow in porous media  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The mathematical structure of multiphase thermal models of flow in porous media By Daniel E.A. van with the formulation and numerical solution of equations for modelling multicomponent, two-phase, thermal fluid flow typical flow behaviour that occurs during fluid injection into a reservoir. Keywords: porous media flow

242

STOCHASTIC COMPUTATIONAL DYNAMICAL MODEL OF UNCERTAIN STRUCTURE COUPLED WITH AN INSULATION LAYER  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

STOCHASTIC COMPUTATIONAL DYNAMICAL MODEL OF UNCERTAIN STRUCTURE COUPLED WITH AN INSULATION LAYER the effect of insulation layers in complex dynamical systems for low- and medium-frequency ranges such as car booming noise analysis, one introduces a sim- plified stochastic model of insulation layers based

Boyer, Edmond

243

CAE (computer aided engineering) driven durability model verification for the automotive structure development  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Test/analysis correlation, in the refinement of finite element models to accord with test results of the modeled structure is an emerging field in the today's automotive industries. The accuracy of finite element analysis predictions in the linear and ... Keywords: CAE (computer aided engineering), Durability, EMBS (elastic multi body simulation), VPG (virtual proving ground), Vehicle body design

Dong-Chan Lee; Chang-Soo Han

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Remote robotic underwater grinding system and modeling for rectification of hydroelectric structures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A submersible grinding robot has been designed to automate the dam gate metallic structure repair process. In order to measure and control the amount of material removed during the process, an empirical approach for modeling the material removal rate ... Keywords: Air injector, Grinding modeling, Material removal rate (MRR), Robotic grinding, Underwater grinding process, Water drag effect

Dominique Thuot; Zhaoheng Liu; Henri Champliaud; Julien Beaudry; Pierre-Luc Richard; Michel Blain

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Sensitive Growth Grammars Specifying Models of Forest Structure, Competition and Plant-Herbivore Interaction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and data interfaces to other software. 1 Introduction Simulation models which are able to reproduce. Comparison of the architecture of a classical simulation model (left), where each modification requires of irregular stand structures, (b) simulation of competitive effects on crown radius development and resulting

Kurth, Winfried

246

Longitudinal Data Analysis Using Multilevel Linear Modeling (MLM): Fitting an Optimal Variance-Covariance Structure  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LONGITUDINAL DATA ANALYSIS USING MULTILEVEL LINEAR MODELING (MLM): FITTING AN OPTIMAL VARIANCE-COVARIANCE STRUCTURE A Dissertation by YUAN-HSUAN LEE Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University... in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY August 2010 Major Subject: Educational Psychology Longitudinal Data Analysis Using Multilevel Linear Modeling (MLM...

Lee, Yuan-Hsuan

2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

247

On a tensor-based finite element model for the analysis of shell structures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the present study, we propose a computational model for the linear and nonlinear analysis of shell structures. We consider a tensor-based finite element formulation which describes the mathematical shell model in a natural and simple way by using...

Arciniega Aleman, Roman Augusto

2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

248

A Structural Model of Markets in Madagascari J.S. Butler and Christine Moserii  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

capacity for identifying the factors contributing to market integration or to high transfer costs1 A Structural Model of Markets in Madagascari J.S. Butler and Christine Moserii June 2009 i Model of Markets in Madagascar Abstract Market efficiency and price transmission across space

Krivobokova, Tatyana

249

3D-mesh models: view-based indexing and structural analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

3D-mesh models: view-based indexing and structural analysis Mohamed Daoudi, Tarik Filali Ansary.daoudi@lifl.fr, tarik.filali@lifl.fr, julien.tierny@lifl.fr, jean-philippe.vandeborre@lifl.fr Abstract. 3D-mesh models applications, medical or military simulations, video games and so on. Indexing and analyzing these 3D data

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

250

Towards a Formal Semantics for a Structurally Dynamic Noncausal Modelling Language  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, many of these languages are referred to as object-oriented mod- elling languages. Modelica [23] is oneTowards a Formal Semantics for a Structurally Dynamic Noncausal Modelling Language John Capper, UK nhn@cs.nott.ac.uk Abstract Modelling and simulation languages are evolving rapidly to sup- port

Nilsson, Henrik

251

Anisotropic damage modelling of biaxial behaviour and rupture of concrete structures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Continuum Damage Mechanics at the Representative Element Volume scale is a relevant tool to deal with largeAnisotropic damage modelling of biaxial behaviour and rupture of concrete structures Ragueneau F with damage induced anisotropy modelling for concrete-like materials. A thermodynamics based constitutive

Boyer, Edmond

252

CALTECH ASCI TECHNICAL REPORT 129 On Velocity Structure Functions and the Spherical Vortex Model for  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the stretched-spiral vortex has been suc- cessfully applied to the calculation of the energy spectrum,6 and some for larger scales is perhaps questionable. Most quantitative vortex-based models have utilized tube and sheetCALTECH ASCI TECHNICAL REPORT 129 On Velocity Structure Functions and the Spherical Vortex Model

Barr, Al

253

An Efficient Genetic Algorithm for Predicting Protein Tertiary Structures in the 2D HP Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, predicting its tertiary structure is known as the protein folding problem. This problem has been widely genetic algo- rithm for the protein folding problem under the HP model in the two-dimensional square Genetic Algorithm, Protein Folding Problem, 2D HP Model 1. INTRODUCTION Amino acids are the building

Istrail, Sorin

254

A Structure-Controlled Model For Hot Spring Exploration In Taiwan By Remote  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Structure-Controlled Model For Hot Spring Exploration In Taiwan By Remote Structure-Controlled Model For Hot Spring Exploration In Taiwan By Remote Sensing Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: A Structure-Controlled Model For Hot Spring Exploration In Taiwan By Remote Sensing Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) Abstract: Hot Spring Law of Taiwan was passed in legislative assembly on 3 June 2003. Hot springs would become one of the most important natural resources for recreation purposes. Both public and private sectors will invest large amount of capital in this area in the near future. The value of remote sensing technology is to give a critical tool for observing the landscape to find out mega-scaled geological structures, which may not be able to be found by conventional approaches. The occurrences of the hot

255

A Risk-Based Sensor Placement Methodology  

SciTech Connect

A risk-based sensor placement methodology is proposed to solve the problem of optimal location of sensors or detectors to protect population against the exposure to and effects of known and/or postulated chemical, biological, and/or radiological threats. Risk is calculated as a quantitative value representing population at risk from exposure against standard exposure levels. Historical meteorological data are used to characterize weather conditions as the frequency of wind speed and direction pairs. The meteorological data drive atmospheric transport and dispersion modeling of the threats, the results of which are used to calculate risk values. Sensor locations are determined via an iterative dynamic programming algorithm whereby threats captured or detected by sensors placed in prior stages are removed from consideration in subsequent stages. In addition to the risk-based placement algorithm, the proposed methodology provides a quantification of the marginal utility of each additional sensor or detector. Thus, the criterion for halting the iterative process can be the number of detectors available, a threshold marginal utility value, or the cumulative detection of a minimum factor of the total risk value represented by all threats. The methodology quantifies the effect of threat reduction measures, such as reduced probability of one or more threats due to administrative and/or engineering controls.

Lee, Ronald W [ORNL; Kulesz, James J [ORNL

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Folding Proteins with Both Alpha and Beta Structures in a Reduced Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A reduced model, which can fold both helix and sheet structures, is proposed to study the problem of protein folding. The goal of this model is to find an unbiased effective potential that has included the effects of water and at the same time can predict the three dimensional structure of a protein with a given sequence in reasonable time. For this purpose, rather than focusing on the real folding dynamics or full structural details at the atomic scale, we adopt the Monte Carlo method and the coarse-grained representation of the protein in which both side-chains and the backbones are replaced by suitable geometrical objects in consistent with the known structure. On top of the coarse-grained representation, our effective potential can be developed. Two new interactions, the dipole-dipole interactions and the local hydrophobic interactions, are introduced and are shown to be as crucial as the hydrogen bonds for forming the secondary structures. In particular, for the first time, we demonstrate that the resulting reduced model can successfully fold proteins with both helix and sheet structures without using any biased potential. Further analyses show that this model can also fold other proteins in reasonable accuracy and thus provides a promising starting point for the problem of protein folding.

Nan-yow Chen

2006-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

257

Eliciting fuzzy distributions from experts for ranking conceptual risk model components  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An expert elicitation methodology was developed to integrate scientific knowledge from many studies at different spatial and temporal scales. The methodology utilised a structured one-to-one interview to elicit scale-dependent conceptual models and expert-weightings ... Keywords: Elicitation, Expert opinion, Fuzzy number, Phosphorus, Uncertainty, Water framework directive

T. Page; A. L. Heathwaite; L. J. Thompson; L. Pope; R. Willows

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

A reduced-coordinate approach to modeling RNA 3-D structures  

SciTech Connect

With the realization of RNA molecules capable of performing very specific functions (e.g., catalytic RNAs and RNAs that bind ligand with affinity and specificity of an anti-body) and contrary to the traditional view that structure of RNA molecules being functionally passive, it has become clear that studying the 3-dimensional (3-D) folding of RNA molecules is a very important task. In the absence of sufficient number of experimentally determined RNA structures available up-to-date, folding of RNA structures computationally provides an alternative approach in studying the 3-D structure of RNA molecules. We have developed a computational approach for folding RNA 3-D structures. The method is conceptually simple and general. It consists of two major components. The first being the arrangement of all helices in space. Once the helices are positioned and oriented in space, structures of the connecting loops are modeled and inserted between the helices. Any number of structural constraints derived either experimentally or theoretically can be used to guide the folding processes. A conformational sampling approach is developed with structural equilibration using the Metropolis Monte Carlo simulation. The lengths of various loop sizes (ranging from 1 base to 7 bases) are calculated based on a set of RNA structures deposited in PDB as well as a set of loop structures constructed using our method. The validity of using the averaged loop lengths of the connecting loops as distance constraints for arranging the helices in space is studied.

Tung, Chang-Shung

1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Modeling the Spread of Epidemic Cholera: an Age-Structured Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in crowded conditions and poor sanitation. A common type of model for the spread of an infectious disease

Gobbert, Matthias K.

260

A Structural Model Guide For Geothermal Exploration In Ancestral Mount Bao,  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Model Guide For Geothermal Exploration In Ancestral Mount Bao, Model Guide For Geothermal Exploration In Ancestral Mount Bao, Leyte, Philippines Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: A Structural Model Guide For Geothermal Exploration In Ancestral Mount Bao, Leyte, Philippines Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) Abstract: The Tongonan Geothermal Field is the largest producing geothermal field in the Philippines having an installed capacity of 700 MW. It hosts several major power plants that tap geothermal power from the northern flank of the eroded Ancestral Mount Bao (AMB) volcano in Leyte Island, Philippines. A structural model guide is presented to delineate exploration targets in other flanks of the 1200 km2 area of the AMB volcano. If applied, the model constrains the coverage of geothermal exploration to

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "methodologies model structures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

3D MHD Modeling of the Gaseous Structure of the Galaxy: Synthetic Observations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We generated synthetic observations from the four-arm model presented in Gomez & Cox (2004) for the Galactic ISM in the presence of a spiral gravitational perturbation. We found that velocity crowding and diffusion have a strong effect in the l-v diagram. The v-b diagram presents structures at the expected spiral arm velocities, that can be explained by the off-the-plane structure of the arms presented in previous papers of this series. Such structures are observed in the Leiden/Dwingeloo HI survey. The rotation curve, as measured from the inside of the modeled galaxy, shows similarities with the observed one for the Milky Way Galaxy, although it has large deviations from the smooth circular rotation corresponding to the background potential. The magnetic field inferred from a synthetic synchrotron map shows a largely circular structure, but with interesting deviations in the midplane due to distortion of the field from circularity in the interarm regions.

Gómez, G C; Gomez, Gilberto C.; Cox, Donald P.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

3D MHD Modeling of the Gaseous Structure of the Galaxy: Synthetic Observations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We generated synthetic observations from the four-arm model presented in Gomez & Cox (2004) for the Galactic ISM in the presence of a spiral gravitational perturbation. We found that velocity crowding and diffusion have a strong effect in the l-v diagram. The v-b diagram presents structures at the expected spiral arm velocities, that can be explained by the off-the-plane structure of the arms presented in previous papers of this series. Such structures are observed in the Leiden/Dwingeloo HI survey. The rotation curve, as measured from the inside of the modeled galaxy, shows similarities with the observed one for the Milky Way Galaxy, although it has large deviations from the smooth circular rotation corresponding to the background potential. The magnetic field inferred from a synthetic synchrotron map shows a largely circular structure, but with interesting deviations in the midplane due to distortion of the field from circularity in the interarm regions.

Gilberto C. Gomez; Donald P. Cox

2004-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

263

Why Is Nevada in Hot Water? Structural Controls and Tectonic Model of  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Why Is Nevada in Hot Water? Structural Controls and Tectonic Model of Why Is Nevada in Hot Water? Structural Controls and Tectonic Model of Geothermal Systems in the Northwestern Great Basin Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Conference Paper: Why Is Nevada in Hot Water? Structural Controls and Tectonic Model of Geothermal Systems in the Northwestern Great Basin Abstract In the western Great Basin, the Walker Lane is a system of right-lateral strike-slip faults accommodating ~15-25% of relative motion between the Pacific and North American plates. Relatively high rates of recent (<10 Ma) west-northwest extension absorb northwestward declining dextral motion in the Walker Lane, diffusing that motion into the Basin-Range. Abundant geothermal fields cluster in several northeasttrending belts in the

264

Why Basin And Range Systems Are Hard To Find Ii- Structural Model Of The  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Why Basin And Range Systems Are Hard To Find Ii- Structural Model Of The Why Basin And Range Systems Are Hard To Find Ii- Structural Model Of The Producing Geothermal System In Dixie Valley, Nevada Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Conference Paper: Why Basin And Range Systems Are Hard To Find Ii- Structural Model Of The Producing Geothermal System In Dixie Valley, Nevada Details Activities (4) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: Dixie Valley is the hottest (> 285°C at 3 km) and one of the largest geothermal systems (63 MW power plant operated for over 20 years) in the Basin and Range province. The heat source is deep circulation in a high heat flow, highly fractured upper crust without a significant magmatic thermal input. Many hot springs in the Basin and Range Province share the characteristics of the Dixie Valley system. Major geothermal resource

265

Dynamics of the Structural Glass Transition and the p-Spin—Interaction Spin-Glass Model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The mathematical structure of the dynamical theory for the soft-spin version of the p-spin-interaction (p>2) spin-glass model is related to that for the dynamical theories of the structural glass transition. The phase transitions predicted by both theories are discussed. The spin-glass transition predicted by the dynamical theory is related to a broken-replica-symmetry equilibrium calculation.

T. R. Kirkpatrick and D. Thirumalai

1987-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

266

M&S methodological challenges  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

M&S provides a formal way to generate or test existing knowledge. Like mathematics, M&S provides an apparatus for deduction while generating data that can be used for statistical inference. However, unlike mathematics, M&S's formal approach varies from ... Keywords: epistemology, methodology, philosophy

Jose J. Padilla; Andreas Tolk; Saikou Y. Diallo

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Architecture Rationalization: A Methodology for Architecture Verifiability, Traceability and Completeness  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Architecture Rationalization: A Methodology for Architecture Verifiability, Traceability-mail: {atang, jhan}@it.swin.edu.au Abstract Architecture modeling is practiced extensively in the software of architecture designs. Deficiencies in any of these three areas in an architecture model can be costly and risky

Han, Jun

268

The detection and modelling of surface thermal structures and ground water discharges  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

THE DETECTION AND MODELLING DF SURFACE THERMAL STRUCTURES AND GROUND WATER DISCHARGES A Thesis by DOUGLAS YINCENT ROBERTS Subm1tted to the Graduate Col leqe of Texas A&M University in part1al fulf1llment of the requirements or the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE August IgSS Major Subject: Geophys1cs THE DETECTION AND MODELLING OF SURFACE THERMAL STRUCTURES AND GROUND HATER DISCHARGES A Thesis DOUGLAS VINCENT ROBERTS Approved as to style and content by: Earl . oskins (Chair of Committee...

Roberts, Douglas Vincent

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

269

Computational and experimental investigation of scour past laboratory models of stream restoration rock structures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Local scour of the streambed around three models of stream restoration rock structures, including a rock vane, a cross vane, and a J-hook vane, is investigated via laboratory experiments and numerical simulations. In the experimental study, a physical model of each rock structure is constructed via an assembly of rocks and installed in a straight mobile sand bed flume. Continuous bed topography measurements provide insight into the time evolution of the scour patterns downstream of the structures and yield comprehensive data sets for validating the numerical simulations in terms of scour patterns, maximum scour depths, and bar migration dynamics. The numerical simulations are carried out using the coupled, hydro-morphodynamic Curvilinear Immersed Boundary (CURVIB) method of Khosronejad et al. (2011) [17]. The mobile channel bed and the individual rocks comprising a stream restoration structure are discretized with an unstructured triangular mesh and treated as sharp-interface immersed boundaries embedded in the background curvilinear mesh used to discretize the flow domain. For each case, simulations are carried out solving both the unsteady Reynolds-averaged Navier–Stokes (URANS) equations closed with the k–? model and filtered Large-Eddy Simulation (LES) equations closed with the dynamic Smagorinski subgrid scale model. Both the URANS and LES models yield flow and scour patterns in reasonable agreement with the measurements with the LES results being consistently in better overall agreement with the measurements. To our knowledge, the present study is the first attempt to simulate local scour patterns around realistic model of stream restoration rock structures by taking into account and directly modeling their arbitrarily complex geometrical features.

Ali Khosronejad; Craig Hill; Seokkoo Kang; Fotis Sotiropoulos

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

A molecular model for Illinois No. 6 Argonne Premium coal: Moving toward capturing the continuum structure  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A large-scale molecular model for Illinois No. 6 Argonne Premium coal is generated based on an automated construction approach in an effort to move toward capturing the continuum structure. The model contains 50,789 atoms within 728 molecules and is the largest, most complex coal representation constructed to-date. The aromatic ring size distribution was based on multiple high-resolution transmission electron microscope (HRTEM) lattice fringe micrographs and was duplicated with automated construction protocols (Fringe3D) in molecular modeling space. Additional structural data was obtained from the abundant literature assessing this Argonne Premium coal. Organic oxygen, nitrogen, and sulfur functionalities were incorporated primarily into the polyaromatic structures according to X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and X-ray adsorption near-edge structure spectroscopy data. Aliphatic carbons were in the form of cross-links (bridges and loops) and pendant alkyl groups based on the combination of laser desorption ionization mass spectrometry (LDIMS), ruthenium ion catalyzed oxidation, elemental analysis, and NMR data in good agreement with the literature. Bound and bulk water was also included. Construction of the coal molecules was performed by use of Perl scripts developed in Materials Studio to eliminate personal bias and improve the accuracy and the scale of the structure generated. The large-scale model captured a broad and continuous molecular weight distribution in accordance with LDIMS data here ranging from 100 to 2850 Da, enabling inclusion of structural diversity to capture a portion of the continuum structure. A theoretical pyridine extraction yield, determined by a group contribution approach, was in agreement with the experimental value. The extract and residue representations were generated from the large-scale Illinois coal model and showed consistency with NMR, elemental analysis and LDIMS trends. The distribution of heteroatomic classes and double bond equivalents was also well-defined experimentally based on electrospray ionization Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry. These data further constrain the molecular weight of extractable material and was consistent with limited pyridine extractability and model heteroatom classes. Future work will be well served by staying within the limits established by the approach and increasing the structural diversity (sampling frequency through increased scale) to better capture the complex nature of coal structural diversity, i.e., the continuum.

Fidel Castro-Marcano; Vladislav V. Lobodin; Ryan P. Rodgers; Amy M. McKenna; Alan G. Marshall; Jonathan P. Mathews

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Extreme wind climate modeling of some locations in India for the specification of the design wind speed of structures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The wind load on a structure is proportional to the square of the wind speed. Extreme wind climate modeling should be required for specifying the design wind speed of structures. Extreme wind speeds for a storm t...

Arnab Sarkar; Navneet Kumar; Debojyoti Mitra

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

A Model of Varying Fine Structure Constant and Varying Speed of Light  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The recent evidence for a cosmological evolution of the fine structure constant \\alpha=e^2/\\hbar c found from an analysis of absorption systems in the spectra of distant quasars, is modelled by a cosmological scenario in which it is assumed that only the speed of light varies. The model fits the spectral line data and can also lead to a solution of the initial value problems in cosmology.

J. W. Moffat

2001-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

273

CONTRIBUTION TO A METHODOLOGY FOR THE ANALYSIS OF FRACTURE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the results. Hereafter a method is proposed to determine crack growth under subcritical loading conditions materials for electronic components. A methodology to analyse the behaviour of cracks initiated is then used to compare the crack behaviour in a bimaterial structure and to determine the validity

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

274

Beyond the Lone-Pair Model for Structurally Distorted Metal Oxides  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Beyond the Lone-Pair Model for Structurally Distorted Metal Oxides Print Beyond the Lone-Pair Model for Structurally Distorted Metal Oxides Print "Ferroelectricity," by analogy to ferromagnetism, is defined as the presence of spontaneous electrical polarization in a material, often arising from distortions in the material's crystal structure. In oxides of the metals lead and bismuth, such distortions were for many years attributed to the existence of "lone pair" electrons: pairs of chemically inert, nonbonding valence electrons in hybrid orbitals that leave noticeable voids in the crystal structure. At the ALS, researchers from the U.K., Ireland, and the U.S. have now obtained definitive experimental evidence that this lone-pair model must be revised. High-resolution x-ray photoemission spectroscopy (XPS) and soft x-ray emission spectroscopy (XES) have clarified the subtle electronic origins of the prototypical distortions in these crystal structures. The results have important implications for the tantalizing possibility of spintronic or superconducting devices combining ferroelectric and ferromagnetic properties.

275

Beyond the Lone-Pair Model for Structurally Distorted Metal Oxides  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Beyond the Lone-Pair Model for Structurally Distorted Metal Oxides Print Beyond the Lone-Pair Model for Structurally Distorted Metal Oxides Print "Ferroelectricity," by analogy to ferromagnetism, is defined as the presence of spontaneous electrical polarization in a material, often arising from distortions in the material's crystal structure. In oxides of the metals lead and bismuth, such distortions were for many years attributed to the existence of "lone pair" electrons: pairs of chemically inert, nonbonding valence electrons in hybrid orbitals that leave noticeable voids in the crystal structure. At the ALS, researchers from the U.K., Ireland, and the U.S. have now obtained definitive experimental evidence that this lone-pair model must be revised. High-resolution x-ray photoemission spectroscopy (XPS) and soft x-ray emission spectroscopy (XES) have clarified the subtle electronic origins of the prototypical distortions in these crystal structures. The results have important implications for the tantalizing possibility of spintronic or superconducting devices combining ferroelectric and ferromagnetic properties.

276

NUREG-1150 risk assessment methodology  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes the methodology developed in support of the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission's (NCR's) evaluation of severe accident risks in NUREG-1150. After the accident at Three Mile Island, Unit 2, the NRC initiated a sever accident research program to develop an improved understanding of severe accidents and to provide a second technical basis to support regulatory decisions in this area. A key product of this program is NUREG-1150, which provides estimates of risk for several nuclear reactors of different design. The principal technical analyses for NUREG-1150 were performed at Sandia National Labs. under the Severe Accident Risk Reduction Program and the Accident Sequence Evaluation Program. A major aspect of the work was the development of a methodology that improved upon previous full-scale probabilistic risk assessments (PRA) in several areas which are described.

Benjamin, A.S.; Amos, C.N.; Cunningham, M.A.; Murphy, J.A.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Towards QoS Prediction Based on Composition Structure Analysis and Probabilistic Environment Models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Towards QoS Prediction Based on Composition Structure Analysis and Probabilistic Environment Models Dragan Ivanovi´c Universidad Polit´ecnica de Madrid idragan@clip.dia.fi.upm.es Peerachai Kaowichakorn Universidad Polit´ecnica de Madrid p.kaowichakorn@gmail.com Manuel Carro Universidad Polit´ecnica de Madrid

Politécnica de Madrid, Universidad

278

Hierarchical Modelling of Automotive Sensor Front-Ends For Structural Diagnosis of Aging Faults  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

shown [2] that 41% of failures in automotive electronics could not be identified by functional diagnosisHierarchical Modelling of Automotive Sensor Front-Ends For Structural Diagnosis of Aging Faults h.g.kerkhoff@utwente.nl Abstract: The semiconductor industry for automotive applications is growing

Wieringa, Roel

279

Sub-AQUA: real-value quality assessment of protein structure models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sub-AQUA: real-value quality assessment of protein structure models Yifeng David Yang1, Preston of Natural Science, Chung-Ang University, Seoul, Korea, 3 Department of Computer Science, College of Science developed quality assessment methods, which predict real value of the global and local quality of protein

Kihara, Daisuke

280

Modeling water column structure and suspended particulate matter on the Middle Atlantic continental shelf  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

that contributed to the evolution of observed thermal structure and resuspension of particulate matter during resuspension processes. It is concluded that wave-current bottom shear stress was clearly the most important process for sediment resuspension during and following both hurricanes. Discrepancies between modeled

Chang, Grace C.

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281

Merchant Commodity Storage and Term Structure Model Error Nicola Secomandi,1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

; specifically, we consider natural gas storage lease contracts (Maragos 2002). Natural gas is an important flows of commodity and energy conversion assets as real options based on stochastic models the futures term structure affect the valuation and hedging of natural gas storage. We find that even small

Sadeh, Norman M.

282

A spatial statistics approach to characterizing and modeling the structure of cognitive wireless networks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The performance of cognitive wireless networks (CWNs) depends heavily on their spatial structure. However, highly simplified models are still routinely used for performance evaluation of CWNs and other wireless networks, with node locations often being ... Keywords: Cognitive wireless networks, Point processes, Spatial statistics, Stochastic geometry

Janne Riihijärvi; Petri Mähönen

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Structural modal interaction of a four degree of freedom bladed disk and casing model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Structural modal interaction of a four degree of freedom bladed disk and casing model Mathias specific interaction phenomenon that may occur in turbo- machines due to radial rub between a bladed disk requirements leading to reduced clearance between blade-tips and casing together with the rotation of the blade

Boyer, Edmond

284

A Hamilton-Jacobi approach for a model of population structured by space and trait  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Hamilton-Jacobi approach for a model of population structured by space and trait Emeric Bouin WKB ansatz, we prove that the propagation of the population in space can be de- scribed by a Hamilton, Hamilton-Jacobi equation, Spectral problem, Front propagation AMS Class. No: 45K05, 35B25, 49L25, 92D15, 35

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

285

Structural parameters The analytical model proposed here can explain high fracture  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Structural parameters · The analytical model proposed here can explain high fracture toughness, P.J., et al., Engineering Fracture Mechanics, 2007. 74: p. 19281941. 4. Ritchie, R.O., et al Tensile strength Fracture toughness Composite properties E max S )~( ~ aJ III. Fracture toughness

Barthelat, Francois

286

Modeling of the interaction of an acoustic wave with immersed targets for telemetry of complex structures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

are being followed: the core monitoring where transducers are directly immersed in sodium near the reactor reactors, which consists in locating various reactor structures using an ultrasonic inspection performed and applicability domains. A theoretical comparison of these models is carried out to define the more adequate one

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

287

Optimization of the structural Gabor functions in a homogeneous velocity model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Optimization of the structural Gabor functions in a homogeneous velocity model for a zero-o#11;set functions should be optimized, and the Gabor functions should form a frame. We present a simple attempt functions and the space{wavenumber lattice of their central points are optimized analytically

Cerveny, Vlastislav

288

A STRUCTURAL MODEL FOR ELECTRICITY PRICES RENE CARMONA, MICHAEL COULON, AND DANIEL SCHWARZ  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A STRUCTURAL MODEL FOR ELECTRICITY PRICES RENE CARMONA, MICHAEL COULON, AND DANIEL SCHWARZ Abstract pricing in electricity markets, thus extending the growing branch of liter- ature which describes power prices for electricity. We capture both the heavy-tailed nature of spot prices and the complex dependence

Carmona, Rene

289

Predicting Protein Folds with Structural Repeats Using a Chain Graph Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Predicting Protein Folds with Structural Repeats Using a Chain Graph Model Yan Liu yanliu, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213 USA Abstract Protein fold recognition is a key step to to accurately identify protein folds aris- ing from typical spatial arrangements of well-defined secondary

Xing, Eric P.

290

Structure of the Kinase Domain of CaMKII and Modeling the Holoenzyme  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Structure of the Kinase Domain of CaMKII and Modeling the Holoenzyme Print Structure of the Kinase Domain of CaMKII and Modeling the Holoenzyme Print The rate and intensity of calcium (Ca2+) currents that oscillate through the plasma membrane around a cell affect such diverse phenomena as fertilization, the cardiac rhythm, and even the formation of memories. How does the cell sense these digital oscillations and transduce them into a cellular signal, such as changes in phosphorylation (addition of a phosphate group to a protein) or gene transcription? A group from the University of California, Berkeley, the Yale University School of Medicine, and Berkeley Lab has combined protein crystallography and small-angle x-ray scattering to give a first glimpse into what this conversion may look like as well as the structural consequences of the conversion.

291

Performance of corrosion inhibiting admixtures for structural concrete -- assessment methods and predictive modeling  

SciTech Connect

During the past fifteen years corrosion inhibiting admixtures (CIAs) have become increasingly popular for protection of reinforced components of highway bridges and other structures from damage induced by chlorides. However, there remains considerable debate about the benefits of CIAs in concrete. A variety of testing methods to assess the performance of CIA have been reported in the literature, ranging from tests in simulated pore solutions to long-term exposures of concrete slabs. The paper reviews the published techniques and recommends the methods which would make up a comprehensive CIA effectiveness testing program. The results of this set of tests would provide the data which can be used to rank the presently commercially available CIA and future candidate formulations utilizing a proposed predictive model. The model is based on relatively short-term laboratory testing and considers several phases of a service life of a structure (corrosion initiation, corrosion propagation without damage, and damage to the structure).

Yunovich, M.; Thompson, N.G. [CC Technologies Labs., Inc., Dublin, OH (United States)

1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

292

Numerical Methodology to Evaluate Fast Reactor Sodium Combustion  

SciTech Connect

In the present study, a numerical methodology for sodium combustion has been developed for the safety evaluation of a liquid-metal-cooled fast reactor. The methodology includes a fast-running zone model computer program for safety evaluation, a field model program for multidimensional thermal hydraulics, and a chemical reaction analysis program based on chemical equilibrium theory. Two recently performed experiments have been analyzed using the computer programs, and the numerical results are in good agreement with the experiments. Although sodium combustion is a complex phenomenon, use of these computer programs gives better understanding of the coupled thermal hydraulics and chemical reaction.

Yamaguchi, Akira; Takata, Takashi; Okano, Yasushi [Japan Nuclear Cycle Development Institute (Japan)

2001-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

293

Experiments to Populate and Validate a Processing Model for Polyurethane Foam: Additional Data for Structural Foams.  

SciTech Connect

We are developing computational models to help understand manufacturing processes, final properties and aging of structural foam, polyurethane PMDI. Th e resulting model predictions of density and cure gradients from the manufacturing process will be used as input to foam heat transfer and mechanical models. BKC 44306 PMDI-10 and BKC 44307 PMDI-18 are the most prevalent foams used in structural parts. Experiments needed to parameterize models of the reaction kinetics and the equations of motion during the foam blowing stages were described for BKC 44306 PMDI-10 in the first of this report series (Mondy et al. 2014). BKC 44307 PMDI-18 is a new foam that will be used to make relatively dense structural supports via over packing. It uses a different catalyst than those in the BKC 44306 family of foams; hence, we expect that the reaction kineti cs models must be modified. Here we detail the experiments needed to characteriz e the reaction kinetics of BKC 44307 PMDI-18 and suggest parameters for the model based on these experiments. In additi on, the second part of this report describes data taken to provide input to the preliminary nonlinear visco elastic structural response model developed for BKC 44306 PMDI-10 foam. We show that the standard cu re schedule used by KCP does not fully cure the material, and, upon temperature elevation above 150 o C, oxidation or decomposition reactions occur that alter the composition of the foam. These findings suggest that achieving a fully cured foam part with this formulation may be not be possible through therma l curing. As such, visco elastic characterization procedures developed for curing thermosets can provide only approximate material properties, since the state of the material continuously evolves during tests.

Rao, Rekha R.; Celina, Mathias C.; Giron, Nicholas Henry; Long, Kevin Nicholas; Russick, Edward M.

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

The polarized structure function of the nucleons with a non-extensive statistical quark model  

SciTech Connect

We studied an application of nonextensive thermodynamics to describe the polarized structure function of nucleon, in a model where the usual Fermi-Dirac and Bose-Einstein energy distribution, often used in the statistical models, were replaced by the equivalent functions of the q-statistical. The parameters of the model are given by an effective temperature T, the q parameter (from Tsallis statistics), and the chemical potentials given by the corresponding up (u) and down (d) quark normalization in the nucleon and by {Delta}u and {Delta}d of the polarized functions.

Trevisan, Luis A. [Departamento de Matematica e Estatistica, Universidade Estadual de Ponta Grossa, 84010-790, Ponta Grossa, PR (Brazil); Mirez, Carlos [Instituto de Ciencia, Engenharia e Tecnologia - ICET, Universidade Federal dos Vales do Jequitinhonha e Mucuri - UFVJM, Campus do Mucuri, Rua do Cruzeiro 01, Jardim Sao Paulo, 39803-371, Teofilo Otoni, Minas Gerais (Brazil)

2013-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

295

Driving kinetically constrained models into non-equilibrium steady states: structural and slow transport properties  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Complex fluids in shear flow and biased dynamics in crowded environments exhibit counterintuitive features which are difficult to address both at theoretical level and by molecular dynamic simulations. To understand some of these features we study a schematic model of highly viscous liquid, the 2D Kob-Andersen kinetically constrained model, driven into non-equilibrium steady states by a uniform non-Hamiltonian force. We present a detailed numerical analysis of the microscopic behavior of the model, including transversal and longitudinal spatial correlations and dynamic heterogeneities. In particular, we show that at high particle density the transition from positive to negative resistance regimes in the current vs field relation can be explained via the emergence of nontrivial structures that intermittently trap the particles and slow down the dynamics. We relate such spatial structures to the current vs field relation in the different transport regimes.

Francesco Turci; Estelle Pitard; Mauro Sellitto

2012-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

296

Implementation of New Process Models for Tailored Polymer Composite Structures into Processing Software Packages  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the work conducted under the Cooperative Research and Development Agreement (CRADA) (Nr. 260) between the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) and Autodesk, Inc. to develop and implement process models for injection-molded long-fiber thermoplastics (LFTs) in processing software packages. The structure of this report is organized as follows. After the Introduction Section (Section 1), Section 2 summarizes the current fiber orientation models developed for injection-molded short-fiber thermoplastics (SFTs). Section 3 provides an assessment of these models to determine their capabilities and limitations, and the developments needed for injection-molded LFTs. Section 4 then focuses on the development of a new fiber orientation model for LFTs. This model is termed the anisotropic rotary diffusion - reduced strain closure (ARD-RSC) model as it explores the concept of anisotropic rotary diffusion to capture the fiber-fiber interaction in long-fiber suspensions and uses the reduced strain closure method of Wang et al. to slow down the orientation kinetics in concentrated suspensions. In contrast to fiber orientation modeling, before this project, no standard model was developed to predict the fiber length distribution in molded fiber composites. Section 5 is therefore devoted to the development of a fiber length attrition model in the mold. Sections 6 and 7 address the implementations of the models in AMI, and the conclusions drawn from this work is presented in Section 8.

Nguyen, Ba Nghiep; Jin, Xiaoshi; Wang, Jin; Phelps, Jay; Tucker III, Charles L.; Kunc, Vlastimil; Bapanapalli, Satish K.; Smith, Mark T.

2010-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

297

An evaluation of market penetration forecasting methodologies for new residential and commercial energy technologies  

SciTech Connect

Forecasting market penetration is an essential step in the development and assessment of new technologies. This report reviews several methodologies that are available for market penetration forecasting. The primary objective of this report is to help entrepreneurs understand these methodologies and aid in the selection of one or more of them for application to a particular new technology. This report also illustrates the application of these methodologies, using examples of new technologies, such as the heat pump, drawn from the residential and commercial sector. The report concludes with a brief discussion of some considerations in selecting a forecasting methodology for a particular situation. It must be emphasized that the objective of this report is not to construct a specific market penetration model for new technologies but only to provide a comparative evaluation of methodologies that would be useful to an entrepreneur who is unfamiliar with the range of techniques available. The specific methodologies considered in this report are as follows: subjective estimation methods, market surveys, historical analogy models, time series models, econometric models, diffusion models, economic cost models, and discrete choice models. In addition to these individual methodologies, which range from the very simple to the very complex, two combination approaches are also briefly discussed: (1) the economic cost model combined with the diffusion model and (2) the discrete choice model combined with the diffusion model. This discussion of combination methodologies is not meant to be exhaustive. Rather, it is intended merely to show that many methodologies often can complement each other. A combination of two or more different approaches may be better than a single methodology alone.

Raju, P.S.; Teotia, A.P.S.

1985-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Structuring product development processes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper proposes operational frameworks for structuring product development processes. The primary objective of this research is to develop procedures to minimize iterations during the development process which adversely affect development time and costs. Several procedures are introduced to restructure the development process. The computation of the corresponding product development times is facilitated by two Markov models addressing different types of learning. The methodologies are employed to identify a set of managerial concerns in restructuring the product development processes. The developed framework has become an integral part of a re-engineering project for the development of rocket engines at Rocketdyne Division of Rockwell International. Throughout the paper, the methodologies are illustrated with the help of this process.

Reza Ahmadi; Thomas A. Roemer; Robert H. Wang

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Forces due to waves in the presence of currents on a submerged model structure  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

OF SCIENCE December 1985 Major Subject: Ocean Engineering FORCES DUE TO WAVES IN THE PRESENCE OF CURRENTS ON A SUBMERGED MODEL STRUCTURE A Thesis by DAVID RAY SHIELDS Approved as to style and content by: Jo n . Her &c (Chairman of Committee) K...-induced and nonwave-induced (ZO). Nonwave-induced loads are the result of nonwave-induced currents and fluid-entrained spray acting upon the structure which may extend above the water's free surface. The wave-induced hydrodynamic loads are the result of ocean...

Shields, David Ray

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

300

A Risk-Based Sensor Placement Methodology  

SciTech Connect

A sensor placement methodology is proposed to solve the problem of optimal location of sensors or detectors to protect population against the exposure to and effects of known and/or postulated chemical, biological, and/or radiological threats. Historical meteorological data are used to characterize weather conditions as wind speed and direction pairs with the percentage of occurrence of the pairs over the historical period. The meteorological data drive atmospheric transport and dispersion modeling of the threats, the results of which are used to calculate population at risk against standard exposure levels. Sensor locations are determined via a dynamic programming algorithm where threats captured or detected by sensors placed in prior stages are removed from consideration in subsequent stages. Moreover, the proposed methodology provides a quantification of the marginal utility of each additional sensor or detector. Thus, the criterion for halting the iterative process can be the number of detectors available, a threshold marginal utility value, or the cumulative detection of a minimum factor of the total risk value represented by all threats.

Lee, Ronald W [ORNL; Kulesz, James J [ORNL

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "methodologies model structures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Electronic structure, stacking energy, partial charge, and hydrogen bonding in four periodic B-DNA models  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present a theoretical study of the electronic structure of four periodic B-DNA models labeled (AT)10, (GC)10, (AT)5(GC)5, and (AT?GC)5 where A denotes adenine, T denotes thymine, G denotes guanine, and C denotes cytosine. Each model has ten base pairs with Na counterions to neutralize the negative phosphate group in the backbone. The (AT)5(GC)5 and (AT?GC)5 models contain two and five AT-GC bilayers, respectively. When compared against the average of the two pure models, we estimate the AT-GC bilayer interaction energy to be 19.015 Kcal/mol, which is comparable to the hydrogen bonding energy between base pairs obtained from the literature. Our investigation shows that the stacking of base pairs plays a vital role in the electronic structure, relative stability, bonding, and distribution of partial charges in the DNA models. All four models show a highest occupied molecular orbital (HOMO) to lowest unoccupied molecular orbital (LUMO) gap ranging from 2.14 to 3.12 eV with HOMO states residing on the PO4 + Na functional group and LUMO states originating from the bases. Our calculation implies that the electrical conductance of a DNA molecule should increase with increased base-pair mixing. Interatomic bonding effects in these models are investigated in detail by analyzing the distributions of the calculated bond order values for every pair of atoms in the four models including hydrogen bonding. The counterions significantly affect the gap width, the conductivity, and the distribution of partial charge on the DNA backbone. We also evaluate quantitatively the surface partial charge density on each functional group of the DNA models.

Lokendra Poudel; Paul Rulis; Lei Liang; W. Y. Ching

2014-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

302

Systematic Multimodeling Methodology Applied to an Activated Sludge Reactor Anca Maria Nagy,*,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Systematic Multimodeling Methodology Applied to an Activated Sludge Reactor Model Anca Maria Nagy for analysis or control purpose. This method is applied to an activated sludge reactor model. Introduction

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

303

Structural model for the Al72Ni20Co8 decagonal quasicrystals National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, Colorado 80401  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Structural model for the Al72Ni20Co8 decagonal quasicrystals Yanfa Yan National Renewable Energy, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831 Received 15 February 2000 We propose a structure model for the Al72Ni20Co8 decagonal quasicrystals based on its 2 -inflated Al13Co4 approximant phase: Applying a 105 screw operation

Pennycook, Steve

304

3D modelling of forest canopy structure for remote sensing simulations in the optical and microwave domains  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

3D modelling of forest canopy structure for remote sensing simulations in the optical and microwave July 2005; received in revised form 4 October 2005; accepted 8 October 2005 Abstract A detailed 3D using detailed 3D models of tree structure including the location and orientation of individual needles

Jones, Peter JS

305

Phase diagram and structural properties of a simple model for one-patch Achille Giacometti,1,a  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Phase diagram and structural properties of a simple model for one-patch particles Achille and structural properties of a simple, one-patch fluid model using the reference hypernetted-chain RHNC integral, each of which carries a single identical, arbitrarily oriented and attractive circular patch on its

Beichner, Robert J.

306

Calibration methodology for proportional counters applied to yield measurements of a neutron burst  

SciTech Connect

This paper introduces a methodology for the yield measurement of a neutron burst using neutron proportional counters. This methodology is to be applied when single neutron events cannot be resolved in time by nuclear standard electronics, or when a continuous current cannot be measured at the output of the counter. The methodology is based on the calibration of the counter in pulse mode, and the use of a statistical model to estimate the number of detected events from the accumulated charge resulting from the detection of the burst of neutrons. The model is developed and presented in full detail. For the measurement of fast neutron yields generated from plasma focus experiments using a moderated proportional counter, the implementation of the methodology is herein discussed. An experimental verification of the accuracy of the methodology is presented. An improvement of more than one order of magnitude in the accuracy of the detection system is obtained by using this methodology with respect to previous calibration methods.

Tarifeño-Saldivia, Ariel, E-mail: atarifeno@cchen.cl, E-mail: atarisal@gmail.com; Pavez, Cristian; Soto, Leopoldo [Comisión Chilena de Energía Nuclear, Casilla 188-D, Santiago (Chile) [Comisión Chilena de Energía Nuclear, Casilla 188-D, Santiago (Chile); Center for Research and Applications in Plasma Physics and Pulsed Power, P4, Santiago (Chile); Departamento de Ciencias Fisicas, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas, Universidad Andres Bello, Republica 220, Santiago (Chile); Mayer, Roberto E. [Instituto Balseiro and Centro Atómico Bariloche, Comisión Nacional de Energía Atómica and Universidad Nacional de Cuyo, San Carlos de Bariloche R8402AGP (Argentina)] [Instituto Balseiro and Centro Atómico Bariloche, Comisión Nacional de Energía Atómica and Universidad Nacional de Cuyo, San Carlos de Bariloche R8402AGP (Argentina)

2014-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

307

A Polygon-based Methodology for Mining Related Spatial Datasets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, such as countries, and in that they can be used for the modeling of spatial events, such as air pollution. MoreoverA Polygon-based Methodology for Mining Related Spatial Datasets Sujing Wang, Chun-Sheng Chen clusters. This paper claims that polygon analysis is particularly useful for mining related, spatial

Eick, Christoph F.

308

Phase diagram and structural properties of a simple model for one-patch particles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the thermodynamic and structural properties of a simple, one-patch fluid model using the reference hypernetted-chain (RHNC) integral equation and specialized Monte Carlo simulations. In this model, the interacting particles are hard spheres, each of which carries a single identical, arbitrarily-oriented, attractive circular patch on its surface; two spheres attract via a simple square-well potential only if the two patches on the spheres face each other within a specific angular range dictated by the size of the patch. For a ratio of attractive to repulsive surface of 0.8, we construct the RHNC fluid-fluid separation curve and compare with that obtained by Gibbs ensemble and grand canonical Monte Carlo simulations. We find that RHNC provides a quick and highly reliable estimate for the position of the fluid-fluid critical line. In addition, it gives a detailed (though approximate) description of all structural properties and their dependence on patch size.

Achille Giacometti; Fred Lado; Julio Largo; Giorgio Pastore; Francesco Sciortino

2009-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

309

Hamiltonian structure of reduced fluid models for plasmas obtained from a kinetic description  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider the Hamiltonian structure of reduced fluid models obtained from a kinetic description of collisionless plasmas by Vlasov-Maxwell equations. We investigate the possibility of finding Poisson subalgebras associated with fluid models starting from the Vlasov-Maxwell Poisson algebra. In this way, we show that the only possible Poisson subalgebra involves the moments of zeroth and first order of the Vlasov distribution, meaning the fluid density and the fluid velocity. We find that the bracket derived in [Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 175002 (2004)] which involves moments of order 2 is not a Poisson bracket since it does not satisfy the Jacobi identity.

Loïc De Guillebon; Cristel Chandre

2012-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

310

Anti-optimisation for modelling the vibration of locally nonlinear structures: An exploratory study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Sound and Vibration 332 (2013) 7099–71227100in the automotive industry [6]; and any structure with a joint will introduce some degree of nonlinearity at the interface. Such systems present a modelling opportunity: efficient linear methods can still... is denoted M.the pla‘best’ or ‘correct’ for these applications: the intention is to demonstrate the broadness of the approach, and show that usible metrics and constraints can be envisaged for many kinds of locally nonlinear problem. What is important...

Butlin, T.

2013-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

311

Microsoft Word - MethodologyFinal.doc  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

WaterSense Program WaterSense Program Methodology for National Water Savings Analysis Model Indoor Residential Water Use Michael McNeil, Camilla Dunham Whitehead, Virginie Letschert, and Mirka della Cava Water and Energy Technology Team Environmental Energy Technologies Division Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory University of California Berkeley CA 94720 For the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency WaterSense Program February 2008 The work described in this paper was funded by the Office of the Assistant Secretary of Energy for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Planning Analysis, and Evaluation section in the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DE-AC02-05CH11231. i Table of Contents 1.0 INTRODUCTION ..................................................................................................

312

Models for Achromatic Light-Curve Breaks in GRB Afterglows: Jets, Structured Outflows, and Energy Injection  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The steepening (break) of the power-law fall-off observed in the optical emission of some GRB afterglows at epoch ~1 day is often attributed to a collimated outflow (jet), undergoing lateral spreading. Wider opening GRB ejecta with a non-uniform energy angular distribution (structured outflows) or the cessation of energy injection in the afterglow can also yield light-curve breaks. We determine the optical and X-ray light-curve decay indices and spectral energy distribution slopes for 10 GRB afterglows with optical light-curve breaks (980519, 990123, 990510, 991216, 000301, 000926, 010222, 011211, 020813, 030226), and use these properties to test the above models for light-curve steepening. It is found that the optical breaks of six of these afterglows can be accommodated by either energy injection or by structured outflows. In the refreshed shock model, a wind-like stratification of the circumburst medium (as expected for massive stars as GRB progenitors) is slightly favoured. A spreading jet interacting with a homogeneous circumburst medium is required by the afterglows 990510, 000301, 011211, and 030226. The optical pre- and post-break decays of these four afterglows are incompatible with a wind-like medium. The current sample of 10 afterglows with breaks suggests that the distribution of the break magnitude (defined as the increase of the afterglow decay exponent) is bimodal, with a gap at 1. If true, this bimodality favours the structured outflow model, while the gap location indicates a homogeneous circumburst environment.

A. Panaitescu

2005-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

313

Modeling of structure H hydrate equilibria for methane, intermediate hydrocarbon molecules and water systems  

SciTech Connect

Clathrate hydrates are inclusion compounds in which guest molecules are engaged by water molecules under favorable conditions of pressure and temperature. The well known structures 1 and 2 have been discovered since last century, while a new structure called H has been recently described in the literature. Since that time, structure H hydrate equilibrium data involving methane and different intermediate liquid hydrocarbon molecules have been published. The equilibrium calculations involving hydrates are based on the fact that the chemical potential of water in the aqueous liquid phase is equal to the one in the hydrate phase. The chemical potential of water in the liquid aqueous phase can be easily described by classical thermodynamic relations, while the chemical potential of water in the hydrates phase is described by the expressions proposed by Van der Walls and Platteeuw derived from an adsorption model based on statistical thermodynamics. The authors present in this paper a set of Kihara potential parameters which enable the calculation of Langmuir constants which characterize the adsorption of some naphthenic and iso-paraffinic intermediate hydrocarbons in the larger cage of structure H hydrates. This work thus allows the computation of structural H hydrate equilibrium conditions for systems made of methane, intermediate hydrocarbon molecules and water.

Thomas, M.; Behar, E. [Inst. Francais du Petrole, Rueil-Malmaison (France)

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

314

Validating the unified theory of acceptance and use of technology in Kuwaiti ministries: a structural equation modelling approach  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The purpose of this article is to describe a test of the validity of the unified theory of acceptance and use of technology (UTAUT) model by applying it to Kuwaiti ministries. Structural equation modelling methods were used to test the relationships ... Keywords: ISU acceptance, Kuwait, UTAUT, developing countries, information systems usage, structural equation modelling, technology acceptance, technology use, unified theory of acceptance and use of technology

Helaiel Almutairi

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

NMR Structure Determination for Larger Proteins Using Backbone-Only Data  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Zimmerman D. E. ., Automated analysis of protein...Montelione G. T. , Automated analysis of protein...interface for evaluating automated probabilistic peak...A web server for rapid NMR-based protein...protein structure modeling methodology...Proteins | Computer Simulation Models, Molecular...

Srivatsan Raman; Oliver F. Lange; Paolo Rossi; Michael Tyka; Xu Wang; James Aramini; Gaohua Liu; Theresa A. Ramelot; Alexander Eletsky; Thomas Szyperski; Michael A. Kennedy; James Prestegard; Gaetano T. Montelione; David Baker

2010-02-19T23:59:59.000Z

316

Commercial Energy and Cost Analysis Methodology | Building Energy Codes  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Development » Commercial Development » Commercial Site Map Printable Version Development Commercial Residential Adoption Compliance Regulations Resource Center Commercial Energy and Cost Analysis Methodology The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) evaluates published model codes and standards to help states and local jurisdictions better understand the impacts of updating commercial building energy codes and standards. A methodology was used for evaluating the energy and economic performance of commercial energy codes and standards and proposed changes thereto. This method serves to ensure DOE proposals are both energy efficient and cost-effective. The DOE methodology contains two primary assessments: Energy savings Cost-effectiveness Energy and economic calculations are performed through a comparison of

317

Nuclear weapon reliability evaluation methodology  

SciTech Connect

This document provides an overview of those activities that are normally performed by Sandia National Laboratories to provide nuclear weapon reliability evaluations for the Department of Energy. These reliability evaluations are first provided as a prediction of the attainable stockpile reliability of a proposed weapon design. Stockpile reliability assessments are provided for each weapon type as the weapon is fielded and are continuously updated throughout the weapon stockpile life. The reliability predictions and assessments depend heavily on data from both laboratory simulation and actual flight tests. An important part of the methodology are the opportunities for review that occur throughout the entire process that assure a consistent approach and appropriate use of the data for reliability evaluation purposes.

Wright, D.L. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

A nonlocal model for fluid-structure interaction with applications in hydraulic fracturing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Modeling important engineering problems related to flow-induced damage (in the context of hydraulic fracturing among others) depends critically on characterizing the interaction of porous media and interstitial fluid flow. This work presents a new formulation for incorporating the effects of pore pressure in a nonlocal representation of solid mechanics. The result is a framework for modeling fluid-structure interaction problems with the discontinuity capturing advantages of an integral based formulation. A number of numerical examples are used to show that the proposed formulation can be applied to measure the effect of leak-off during hydraulic fracturing as well as modeling consolidation of fluid saturated rock and surface subsidence caused by fluid extraction from a geologic reservoir. The formulation incorporates the effect of pore pressure in the constitutive description of the porous material in a way that is appropriate for nonlinear materials, easily implemented in existing codes, straightforward in i...

Turner, Daniel Z

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Bringing Crystal Structures to Reality by Three-Dimensional Printing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

These files are then used to produce to-scale physical models bringing crystal structures to reality by 3D printing. ... Digital information regarding the relative positioning of atoms in a crystal structure is translated, using a suite of computer programs, into a 3D computer model of a solid form, corresponding to that information which can then be saved in a file format for 3D printing. ... These files are then used to produce to-scale physical models of the structural information using two different 3D printing methodologies. ...

Philip J. Kitson; Andrew Macdonell; Soichiro Tsuda; HongYing Zang; De-Liang Long; Leroy Cronin

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Structure  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Structure Structure functions 1 NOTE: THE FIGURES IN THIS SECTION ARE INTENDED TO SHOW THE REPRESENTATIVE DATA. THEY ARE NOT MEANT TO BE COMPLETE COMPILATIONS OF ALL THE WORLD'S RELIABLE DATA. Q 2 (GeV 2 ) F 2 (x,Q 2 ) * 2 i x H1 ZEUS BCDMS E665 NMC SLAC 10 -3 10 -2 10 -1 1 10 10 2 10 3 10 4 10 5 10 6 10 7 10 8 10 9 10 -1 1 10 10 2 10 3 10 4 10 5 10 6 Figure 16.6: The proton structure function F p 2 measured in electromagnetic scattering of positrons on protons (collider experiments ZEUS and H1), in the kinematic domain of the HERA data, for x > 0.00006 (cf. Fig. 16.9 for data at smaller x and Q 2 ), and for electrons (SLAC) and muons (BCDMS, E665, NMC) on a fixed target. Statistical and systematic errors added in quadrature are shown. The data are plotted as a function of Q 2 in bins of fixed x. Some points have been slightly offset in Q 2 for clarity. The ZEUS binning in x is used in this plot; all other data are rebinned to the x values of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "methodologies model structures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Automated Design Methodology for Mechatronic Systems Using Bond Graphs and Genetic Programming  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, allow free composition, and are efficient for classification and analysis of models, allowing rapidAutomated Design Methodology for Mechatronic Systems Using Bond Graphs and Genetic Programming University, zhangbai@egr.msu.edu Abstract This paper suggests an automated design methodology

Fernandez, Thomas

322

Thermodynamics and Structural Properties of the High Density Gaussian Core Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We numerically study thermodynamic and structural properties of the one-component Gaussian core model (GCM) at very high densities. The solid-fluid phase boundary is carefully determined. We find that the density dependence of both the freezing and melting temperatures obey the asymptotic relation, $\\log T_f$, $\\log T_m \\propto -\\rho^{2/3}$, where $\\rho$ is the number density, which is consistent with Stillinger's conjecture. Thermodynamic quantities such as the energy and pressure and the structural functions such as the static structure factor are also investigated in the fluid phase for a wide range of temperature above the phase boundary. We compare the numerical results with the prediction of the liquid theory with the random phase approximation (RPA). At high temperatures, the results are in almost perfect agreement with RPA for a wide range of density, as it has been already shown in the previous studies. In the low temperature regime close to the phase boundary line, although RPA fails to describe the structure factors and the radial distribution functions at the length scales of the interparticle distance, it successfully predicts their behaviors at shorter length scales. RPA also predicts thermodynamic quantities such as the energy, pressure, and the temperature at which the thermal expansion coefficient becomes negative, almost perfectly. Striking ability of RPA to predict thermodynamic quantities even at high densities and low temperatures is understood in terms of the decoupling of the length scales which dictate thermodynamic quantities from the interparticle distance which dominates the peak structures of the static structure factor due to the softness of the Gaussian core potential.

Atsushi Ikeda; Kunimasa Miyazaki

2011-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

323

The cluster-core model for halo-structure of light nuclei at the drip lines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nuclei at both the neutron- and proton-drip lines are studied. In the cluster-core model, the halo-structure of all the observed and proposed cases of neutron- or proton-halos is investigated in terms of simple potential energy surfaces calculated as the sum of binding energies, Coulomb repulsion, nuclear proximity attraction and the centrifugal potential for all the possible cluster+core configurations of a nucleus. The clusters of neutrons and protons are taken to be unbound, with additional Coulomb energy added for proton-clusters. The model predictions agree with the available experimental studies but show some differences with the nucleon separation energy hypothesis, particularly for proton-halo nuclei. Of particular interest are the halo-structures of $^{11}N$ and $^{20}Mg$. The calculated potential energy surfaces are also useful to identify the new magic numbers and molecular structures in exotic nuclei. In particular, N=6 is a possible new magic number for very neutron-deficient nuclei, but Z=N=2 and Z=8 seem to remain magic even for such nuclei, near the drip line.

Raj K. Gupta; Sushil Kumar; M. Balasubramaniam; G. Munzenberg; Werner Scheid

2011-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

324

Structural health and prognostics management for offshore wind turbines : case studies of rotor fault and blade damage with initial O&M cost modeling.  

SciTech Connect

Operations and maintenance costs for offshore wind plants are significantly higher than the current costs for land-based (onshore) wind plants. One way to reduce these costs would be to implement a structural health and prognostic management (SHPM) system as part of a condition based maintenance paradigm with smart load management and utilize a state-based cost model to assess the economics associated with use of the SHPM system. To facilitate the development of such a system a multi-scale modeling approach developed in prior work is used to identify how the underlying physics of the system are affected by the presence of damage and faults, and how these changes manifest themselves in the operational response of a full turbine. This methodology was used to investigate two case studies: (1) the effects of rotor imbalance due to pitch error (aerodynamic imbalance) and mass imbalance and (2) disbond of the shear web; both on a 5-MW offshore wind turbine in the present report. Based on simulations of damage in the turbine model, the operational measurements that demonstrated the highest sensitivity to the damage/faults were the blade tip accelerations and local pitching moments for both imbalance and shear web disbond. The initial cost model provided a great deal of insight into the estimated savings in operations and maintenance costs due to the implementation of an effective SHPM system. The integration of the health monitoring information and O&M cost versus damage/fault severity information provides the initial steps to identify processes to reduce operations and maintenance costs for an offshore wind farm while increasing turbine availability, revenue, and overall profit.

Myrent, Noah J. [Purdue Center for Systems Integrity, Lafayette, IN; Kusnick, Joshua F. [Purdue Center for Systems Integrity, Lafayette, IN; Barrett, Natalie C. [Purdue Center for Systems Integrity, Lafayette, IN; Adams, Douglas E. [Purdue Center for Systems Integrity, Lafayette, IN; Griffith, Daniel Todd

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Representation of the molecular structure of petroleum resid through characterization and Monte Carlo modeling  

SciTech Connect

Increased refining of heavy petroleum feedstocks has led to greater interest in the chemical and physical properties of resid. Although resid has been implicated in many processing difficulties, very little detailed structural information is available in the literature. This is mainly due to the molecular complexity and high initial boiling point of the material, which makes traditional analytical methods difficult or impossible to use. To cope with these problems a stochastic molecular level construction model coupled to a global optimization program has been developed. Structural attributes were defined in terms of aromatic and naphthenic rings and alkyl sidechains. The attributes were quantified using probability density functions (pdfs). By stochastically sampling the attributes many times a large number of molecules representative of a resid were constructed. Using initial starting points estimated from the literature, optimal structural attributes were found in an iterative manner by comparing the predicted resid properties with actual experimental measurements. The program yields detailed structural information in the form of probability density functions for the initial resid.

Trauth, D.M.; Stark, S.M.; Petti, T.F.; Neurock, M.; Yasar, M.; Klein, M.T.

1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

326

An asymptotic homogenization model for smart 3D grid-reinforced composite structures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A comprehensive micromechanical model for smart 3D composite structures reinforced with a periodic grid of generally orthotropic cylindrical reinforcements that also exhibit piezoelectric behavior is developed. The original boundary value problem characterizing the piezothermoelastic behavior of these structures is decoupled into a set of three simpler unit cell problems dealing, separately, with the elastic, piezoelectric and thermal expansion characteristics of the smart composite. The technique used is that of asymptotic homogenization and the solution of the unit cell problems permits determination of the effective elastic, piezoelectric and thermal expansion coefficients. The general orthotropy of the constituent materials is very important from the practical viewpoint and makes the analysis much more complicated. Several examples of practical interest are used to illustrate the work including smart 3D composites with cubic and conical embedded grids as well as diagonally reinforced smart structures. It is also shown in this work that in the limiting particular case of 2D grid-reinforced structures with isotropic reinforcements our results converge to earlier published results.

E M Hassan; A L Kalamkarov; A V Georgiades; K S Challagulla

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Methodology for Validating Building Energy Analysis Simulations  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this report was to develop a validation methodology for building energy analysis simulations, collect high-quality, unambiguous empirical data for validation, and apply the validation methodology to the DOE-2.1, BLAST-2MRT, BLAST-3.0, DEROB-3, DEROB-4, and SUNCAT 2.4 computer programs. This report covers background information, literature survey, validation methodology, comparative studies, analytical verification, empirical validation, comparative evaluation of codes, and conclusions.

Judkoff, R.; Wortman, D.; O'Doherty, B.; Burch, J.

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Electric Utility Demand-Side Evaluation Methodologies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

"::. ELECTRIC UTILITY DEMAND-SIDE EVALUATION METHODOLOGIES* Nat Treadway Public Utility Commission of Texas Austin, Texas ABSTRACT The electric. util ity industry's demand-side management programs can be analyzed ?from various points... of view using a standard benefit-cost methodology. The methodology now in use by several. electric utilities and the Public Utility Commlsslon of Texas includes measures of efficiency and equity. The nonparticipant test as a measure of equity...

Treadway, N.

329

RESRAD-BUILD: A model to estimate dose from contaminated structures. Innovative technology summary report  

SciTech Connect

The RESRAD-BUILD model is an exposure pathway and analysis code used to determine whether radiologically contaminated buildings and structures can be free released for a specific land use (e.g., residential or industrial). The model provides estimates of dose to a hypothetical receptor from the structure. The RESRAD-BUILD technology can calculate dose from variety of site-specific hypothetical scenarios, decay-time intervals, and radionuclides. When using the RESRAD-BUILD code, specific project assumptions must be developed with the appropriate regulatory agencies, especially the cleanup criteria and the exposure scenario to be used. The C Reactor demonstration of RESRAD-BUILD modeled hypothetical future use of below grade portions of the reactor building complex. A residential exposure scenario with a cleanup criteria of 15 mrem/yr above background (Environmental Protection Agency [EPA] draft guidance) was used to coordinate decommissioning with adjacent ongoing remedial actions conducted in accordance with an existing Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 (CERCLA) Record of Decision. This paper gives a description of the technology and discusses its performance, applications, cost, regulatory and policy issues, and lessons learned.

NONE

1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

A Home Ignition Assessment Model Applied to Structures in the Wildland-Urban Interface  

SciTech Connect

The issue of exterior fire threat to buildings, from either wildfires in the wildland-urban interface or neighboring structure fires, is critically important. To address this, theWildfire Ignition Resistant Home Design (WIRHD) program was initiated. The WIRHD program developed a tool, theWildFIREWizard, that will allow homeowners to estimate the external fire threat to their homes based on specific features and characteristics of the homes and yards. The software then makes recommendations to reduce the threat. The inputs include the structural and material features of the home and information about any ignition sources or flammable objects in its immediate vicinity, known as the home ignition zone. The tool comprises an ignition assessment model that performs explicit calculations of the radiant and convective heating of the building envelope from the potential ignition sources. This article describes a series of material ignition and flammability tests that were performed to calibrate and/or validate the ignition assessment model. The tests involved exposing test walls with different external siding types to radiant heating and/or direct flame contact.The responses of the test walls were used to determine the conditions leading to melting, ignition, or any other mode of failure of the walls. Temperature data were used to verify the model predictions of temperature rises and ignition times of the test walls.

Biswas, Kaushik [ORNL; Werth, David [Savannah River National Laboratory, Aiken, SC; Gupta, Narendra [Savannah River National Laboratory, Aiken, SC

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Composite materials non-linear modelling for long fibre-reinforced laminates  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An innovative computational methodology is proposed for modelling the material non-linear mechanical behaviour of FRP structures. To model a single unidirectional composite lamina, a serial-parallel (SP) continuum approach has been developed assuming ... Keywords: Composite failure, FEM, FRP, Long fibre laminates, Non-linear modelling

Fernando Rastellini; Sergio Oller; Omar Salomón; Eugenio Oñate

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Development of Nonlinear SSI Time Domain Methodology  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Development of Nonlinear SSI Time Domain Methodology Justin Coleman, P.E. Nuclear Science and Technology Idaho National Laboratory October 22, 2014

333

An evaluation of WIPP structural modeling capabilities based on comparisons with South Drift data  

SciTech Connect

The creep response of rock salt around a long uniform excavation of rectangular cross-section has been computed with the structural finite element code SANCHO, and the results are compared with field data. The excavation, known as the South Drift, is part of the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) facility. The geomechanical model used in the calculations is quite complex and includes constitutive models based on standard laboratory creep tests. Because closure and closure rate measurements are at least three times larger than computed values, a thorough investigation of the many parameters in the geomechanical model is presented. This investigation indicates that variations to parameters not related to the constitutive model for halite cannot produce the type of changes in the closure histories needed to produce good agreement with data. Thus, the reason for the discrepancy is attributed to the parameters in the constitutive model for halite. However, none of the halite parameters investigated could produce the measured behavior. Several areas for future study have been identified.

Morgan, H.S.; Stone, C.M.; Krieg, R.D.

1986-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Methodology for extracting local constants from petroleum cracking flows  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A methodology provides for the extraction of local chemical kinetic model constants for use in a reacting flow computational fluid dynamics (CFD) computer code with chemical kinetic computations to optimize the operating conditions or design of the system, including retrofit design improvements to existing systems. The coupled CFD and kinetic computer code are used in combination with data obtained from a matrix of experimental tests to extract the kinetic constants. Local fluid dynamic effects are implicitly included in the extracted local kinetic constants for each particular application system to which the methodology is applied. The extracted local kinetic model constants work well over a fairly broad range of operating conditions for specific and complex reaction sets in specific and complex reactor systems. While disclosed in terms of use in a Fluid Catalytic Cracking (FCC) riser, the inventive methodology has application in virtually any reaction set to extract constants for any particular application and reaction set formulation. The methodology includes the step of: (1) selecting the test data sets for various conditions; (2) establishing the general trend of the parametric effect on the measured product yields; (3) calculating product yields for the selected test conditions using coupled computational fluid dynamics and chemical kinetics; (4) adjusting the local kinetic constants to match calculated product yields with experimental data; and (5) validating the determined set of local kinetic constants by comparing the calculated results with experimental data from additional test runs at different operating conditions.

Chang, Shen-Lin (Woodridge, IL); Lottes, Steven A. (Naperville, IL); Zhou, Chenn Q. (Munster, IN)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Protein secondary structure prediction by combining hidden Markov models and sliding window scores  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Instead of conformation states of single residues, refined conformation states of quintuplets are proposed to reflect conformation correlation. Simple hidden Markov models combined with sliding window scores are used to predict the secondary structure of a protein from its amino acid sequence. Since the length of protein conformation segments varies within a narrow range, we can ignore the duration effect of the length distribution. The window scores for residues are a window version of the Chou-Fasman propensities estimated under an approximation of conditional independency. Different window widths are examined, and the optimal width is found to be 17. A high accuracy of about 70% is achieved.

Wei-Mou Zheng

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Numerical Simulation of the Meso-? Scale Structure and Evolution of the 1977 Johnstown Flood. Part I: Model Description and Verification  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Pennsylvania State University/NCAR mesoscale model, originally developed by Anthes and Warner, is modified to simulate the meso-? scale structure and evolution of convectively driven weather systems. The modifications include: (i) two-way ...

Da-Lin Zhang; J. Michael Fritsch

1986-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Mean Structure and diurnal cycle of Southeast Atlantic boundary layer clouds: Insights from satellite observations and multiscale modeling framework simulations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The mean structure and diurnal cycle of Southeast (SE) Atlantic boundary layer clouds are described with satellite observations and multi-scale modeling framework (MMF) simulations during austral spring (September-November). Hourly resolution ...

David Painemal; Kuan-Man Xu; Anning Cheng; Patrick Minnis; Rabindra Palikonda

338

A High-Performance Embedded Hybrid Methodology for Uncertainty Quantification With Applications  

SciTech Connect

Multiphysics processes modeled by a system of unsteady di#11;erential equations are natu- rally suited for partitioned (modular) solution strategies. We consider such a model where probabilistic uncertainties are present in each module of the system and represented as a set of random input parameters. A straightforward approach in quantifying uncertainties in the predicted solution would be to sample all the input parameters into a single set, and treat the full system as a black-box. Although this method is easily parallelizable and requires minimal modi#12;cations to deterministic solver, it is blind to the modular structure of the underlying multiphysical model. On the other hand, using spectral representations polynomial chaos expansions (PCE) can provide richer structural information regarding the dynamics of these uncertainties as they propagate from the inputs to the predicted output, but can be prohibitively expensive to implement in the high-dimensional global space of un- certain parameters. Therefore, we investigated hybrid methodologies wherein each module has the exibility of using sampling or PCE based methods of capturing local uncertainties while maintaining accuracy in the global uncertainty analysis. For the latter case, we use a conditional PCE model which mitigates the curse of dimension associated with intru- sive Galerkin or semi-intrusive Pseudospectral methods. After formalizing the theoretical framework, we demonstrate our proposed method using a numerical viscous ow simulation and benchmark the performance against a solely Monte-Carlo method and solely spectral method.

Iaccarino, Gianluca

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Phase structure of an Abelian two-Higgs model and high temperature superconductors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the phase structure of a three dimensional Abelian Higgs model with singly- and doubly-charged scalar fields coupled to a compact Abelian gauge field. The model is pretending to describe systems of strongly correlated electrons such as high-Tc superconductivity in overdoped regime and exotic phases supporting excitations with fractionalized quantum numbers. We identify the Fermi liquid, the spin gap, the superconductor and the strange metallic phases in which densities and properties of holon and spinon vortices and monopoles are explored. The phase diagram in the 3D coupling space is predicted. We show that at sufficiently strong gauge coupling the spinon-pair and holon condensation transitions merge together and become, unexpectedly, first order.

M. N. Chernodub; E. -M. Ilgenfritz; A. Schiller

2005-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

340

Groundwater recharge estimates using a soil-water-balance model for the Powder River and Williston structural basins  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Groundwater recharge estimates using a soil-water-balance model for the Powder River and Williston for the lower Tertiary and Upper Cretaceous aquifer system in the Powder River and Williston structural basins in the Williston structural basin will require trillions of gallons of water from this aquifer system over the next

Torgersen, Christian

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "methodologies model structures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Electronic Structure Description of the Cis-MoOS Unit in Models for Molybdenum Hydroxylases  

SciTech Connect

The molybdenum hydroxylases catalyze the oxidation of numerous aromatic heterocycles and simple organics and, unlike other hydroxylases, utilize water as the source of oxygen incorporated into the product. The electronic structures of the cis-MoOS units in CoCp{sub 2}[Tp{sup iPr}Mo{sup V}OS(OPh)] and Tp{sup iPr}Mo{sup VI}OS(OPh) (Tp{sup iPr} = hydrotris(3-isopropylpyrazol-1-yl)borate), new models for molybdenum hydroxylases, have been studied in detail using S K-edge X-ray absorption spectroscopy, vibrational spectroscopy, and detailed bonding calculations. The results show a highly delocalized Mo {double_bond} S {pi}* LUMO redox orbital that is formally Mo(d{sub xy}) with {approx}35% sulfido ligand character. Vibrational spectroscopy has been used to quantitate Mo-S{sub sulfido} bond order changes in the cis-MoOS units as a function of redox state. Results support a redox active molecular orbital that has a profound influence on MoOS bonding through changes to the relative electro/nucleophilicity of the terminal sulfido ligand accompanying oxidation state changes. The bonding description for these model cis-MoOS systems supports enzyme mechanisms that are under orbital control and dominantly influenced by the unique electronic structure of the cis-MoOS site. The electronic structure of the oxidized enzyme site is postulated to play a role in polarizing a substrate carbon center for nucleophilic attack by metal activated water and acting as an electron sink in the two-electron oxidation of substrates.

Doonan, C.J.; Rubie, N.D.; Peariso, K.; Harris, H.H.; Knottenbelt, S.Z.; George, G.N.; Young, C.G.; Kirk, M.L.; /New Mexico U. /Melbourne U. /SLAC, SSRL

2009-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

342

Integrated LCA–LEED sustainability assessment model for structure and envelope systems of school buildings  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In Canada and USA, nearly 80 million students and teachers spend at least eight hours daily in schools that could be unhealthy and restrict their ability to learn. Despite this fact there is lack of adopting sustainability principles in school buildings. Even though life cycle assessment (LCA) and LEED® could serve as sustainability measurement tools, studies show that the integration of sustainability principles to LCA has not become standard practice yet. This paper presents an integrated LCA–LEED model that incorporates LCA into LEED and assigns corresponding LEED scores to achieve a high level of sustainability assessment, for the structure and envelope systems of Canadian school buildings. In this model, the selection of the most sustainable structure and envelope type for school buildings is done through the evaluation of three categories of the LEED rating system: energy and atmosphere, materials and resources, and LCA (incorporated under the innovation and design process category of LEED). Various options are tested by considering structures such as concrete, steel, masonry and wood, and envelope types such as precast panels, steel stud, wood stud and cavity wall. Energy simulation is performed by eQUEST® (version 3.64) program and LCA is performed by ATHENA® impact estimator. The results show that concrete and masonry buildings have high energy consumption and global warming potential during certain life cycle stages such as manufacturing, construction and demolition. However they have lower annual energy consumption and environmental impact during the operating stage, as well as for the overall life span. Concrete building with minimum insulation has obtained the highest total LEED score (19) followed by masonry (17), while steel and steel-masonry buildings have the least score (14).

Othman Subhi Alshamrani; Khaled Galal; Sabah Alkass

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

A Methodology for Weapon System Availability Assessment, incorporating Failure, Damage and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Methodology for Weapon System Availability Assessment, incorporating Failure, Damage in a hostile environment, they are particularly vulnerable in sit- uations of unavailability. Military weapon principles for weapon systems modeling that integrate both system failure and system damage, as well

Boyer, Edmond

344

Surface Temperature Probability Distributions in the NARCCAP Hindcast Experiment: Evaluation Methodology, Metrics and Results  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Methodology is developed and applied to evaluate the characteristics of daily surface temperature distributions in a six-member regional climate model (RCM) hindcast experiment conducted as part of the North American Regional Climate Change ...

Paul C. Loikith; Duane E. Waliser; Huikyo Lee; Jinwon Kim; J. David Neelin; Benjamin R. Lintner; Seth McGinnis; Chris A. Mattmann; Linda O. Mearns

345

Building Energy Performance Analysis of an Academic Building Using IFC BIM-Based Methodology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper discusses the potential to use an Industry Foundation Classes (IFC)/Building Information Modelling (BIM) based method to undertake Building Energy Performance analysis of an academic building. BIM/IFC based methodology provides a...

Aziz, Z.; Arayici, Y.; Shivachev, D.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

A Market-Specific Methodology for a Commercial Building Energy Performance Index  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The scaling of energy efficiency initiatives in the commercial building sector ... methodologies that do not adequately model patterns of energy consumption, nor provide accurate measures of relative energy perfo...

Constantine E. Kontokosta

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

The first steps towards a standardized methodology for CSP electricity yield analysis.  

SciTech Connect

The authors have founded a temporary international core team to prepare a SolarPACES activity aimed at the standardization of a methodology for electricity yield analysis of CSP plants. This core team has drafted a structural framework for a standardized methodology and the standardization process itself. The structural framework has to assure that the standardized methodology is applicable to all conceivable CSP systems, can be used on all levels of the project development process and covers all aspects affecting the electricity yield of CSP plants. Since the development of the standardized methodology is a complex task, the standardization process has been structured in work packages, and numerous international experts covering all aspects of CSP yield analysis have been asked to contribute to this process. These experts have teamed up in an international working group with the objective to develop, document and publish standardized methodologies for CSP yield analysis. This paper summarizes the intended standardization process and presents the structural framework of the methodology for CSP yield analysis.

Wagner, Michael (National Renewable Energy Laboratories, Golden, CO); Hirsch, Tobias (German Aerospace Center (DLR), Institute of Technical Thermodynamics, Stuttgart,Germany); Benitez, Daniel (Flagsol, Cologne, Germany); Eck, Markus (German Aerospace Center (DLR), Institute of Technical Thermodynamics, Stuttgart,Germany); Ho, Clifford Kuofei

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Structure of the particle-hole amplitudes in no-core shell model wave functions  

SciTech Connect

We study the structure of the no-core shell model wave functions for {sup 6}Li and {sup 12}C by investigating the ground state and first excited state electron scattering charge form factors. In both nuclei, large particle-hole (ph) amplitudes in the wave functions appear with the opposite sign to that needed to reproduce the shape of the (e,e{sup '}) form factors, the charge radii, and the B(E2) values for the lowest two states. The difference in sign appears to arise mainly from the monopole DELTA(Planck constant/2pi)omega=2 matrix elements of the kinetic and potential energy (T+V) that transform under the harmonic oscillator SU(3) symmetries as (lambda,mu)=(2,0). These are difficult to determine self-consistently, but they have a strong effect on the structure of the low-lying states and on the giant monopole and quadrupole resonances. The Lee-Suzuki transformation, used to account for the restricted nature of the space in terms of an effective interaction, introduces large higher-order DELTA(Planck constant/2pi)omega=n,n>2, ph amplitudes in the wave functions. The latter ph excitations aggravate the disagreement between the experimental and predicted (e,e{sup '}) form factors with increasing model spaces, especially at high momentum transfers. For sufficiently large model spaces, the situation begins to resolve itself for {sup 6}Li, but the convergence is slow. A prescription to constrain the ph excitations would likely accelerate convergence of the calculations.

Hayes, A. C. [Theoretical Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States); Kwiatkowski, A. A. [National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824 (United States)

2010-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

349

Experimental methodology for computational fluid dynamics code validation  

SciTech Connect

Validation of Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) codes is an essential element of the code development process. Typically, CFD code validation is accomplished through comparison of computed results to previously published experimental data that were obtained for some other purpose, unrelated to code validation. As a result, it is a near certainty that not all of the information required by the code, particularly the boundary conditions, will be available. The common approach is therefore unsatisfactory, and a different method is required. This paper describes a methodology developed specifically for experimental validation of CFD codes. The methodology requires teamwork and cooperation between code developers and experimentalists throughout the validation process, and takes advantage of certain synergisms between CFD and experiment. The methodology employs a novel uncertainty analysis technique which helps to define the experimental plan for code validation wind tunnel experiments, and to distinguish between and quantify various types of experimental error. The methodology is demonstrated with an example of surface pressure measurements over a model of varying geometrical complexity in laminar, hypersonic, near perfect gas, 3-dimensional flow.

Aeschliman, D.P.; Oberkampf, W.L.

1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Regional issue identification and assessment: study methodology. First annual report  

SciTech Connect

The overall assessment methodologies and models utilized for the first project under the Regional Issue Identification and Assessment (RIIA) program are described. Detailed descriptions are given of the methodologies used by lead laboratories for the quantification of the impacts of an energy scenario on one or more media (e.g., air, water, land, human and ecology), and by all laboratories to assess the regional impacts on all media. The research and assessments reflected in this document were performed by the following national laboratories: Argonne National Laboratory; Brookhaven National Laboratory; Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory; Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory; Oak Ridge National Laboratory; and Pacific Northwest Laboratory. This report contains five chapters. Chapter 1 briefly describes the overall study methodology and introduces the technical participants. Chapter 2 is a summary of the energy policy scenario selected for the RIIA I study and Chapter 3 describes how this scenario was translated into a county-level siting pattern of energy development. The fourth chapter is a detailed description of the individual methodologies used to quantify the environmental and socioeconomic impacts of the scenario while Chapter 5 describes how these impacts were translated into comprehensive regional assessments for each Federal Region.

Not Available

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

A hybrid methodology for built-in self test  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

as to style and content by: Don E. Ross (Chair of Committee) Hosame Abu-Amara (Member) q) / i+CVJ. Dhiraj Pradhan (Member) A. D. atton (Head of D partment) December 1993 Major Subject: Electrical Engineering 111 ABSTRACT A Hybrid Methodology... grateful to birn for making graduate school such a wonderful experience. TABLE OF CONTENTS CHAPTER Page I INTRODUCTION . A. Fault Modelling B. The Testing Problem C. Built-In Self Testing H LFSR AS A DETERMINISTIC TEST PATTERN GENERATOR 12 A...

Vasudevan, Beena

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

352

Optimization of the GB/SA Solvation Model for Predicting the Structure of Surface Loops in Proteins  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Optimization of the GB/SA Solvation Model for Predicting the Structure of Surface Loops in ProteinsVed: October 10, 2005; In Final Form: December 1, 2005 Implicit solvation models are commonly optimized the force field is sometimes not considered. In previous studies, we have developed an optimization

Meirovitch, Hagai

353

Neutron and X-ray diffraction and empirical potential structure refinement modelling of magnesium stabilised amorphous calcium  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Neutron and X-ray diffraction and empirical potential structure refinement modelling of magnesium online xxxx Keywords: Amorphous calcium carbonate; EPSR modelling; Neutron diffraction; X-ray diffraction Amorphous calcium carbonate (ACC) plays a key role in biomineralisation processes in sea organisms. Neutron

Benning, Liane G.

354

Culture, and a Metrics Methodology for Biological Countermeasure Scenarios  

SciTech Connect

Outcome Metrics Methodology defines a way to evaluate outcome metrics associated with scenario analyses related to biological countermeasures. Previous work developed a schema to allow evaluation of common elements of impacts across a wide range of potential threats and scenarios. Classes of metrics were identified that could be used by decision makers to differentiate the common bases among disparate scenarios. Typical impact metrics used in risk calculations include the anticipated number of deaths, casualties, and the direct economic costs should a given event occur. There are less obvious metrics that are often as important and require more intensive initial work to be incorporated. This study defines a methodology for quantifying, evaluating, and ranking metrics other than direct health and economic impacts. As has been observed with the consequences of Hurricane Katrina, impacts to the culture of specific sectors of society are less obvious on an immediate basis but equally important over the ensuing and long term. Culture is used as the example class of metrics within which • requirements for a methodology are explored • likely methodologies are examined • underlying assumptions for the respective methodologies are discussed • the basis for recommending a specific methodology is demonstrated. Culture, as a class of metrics, is shown to consist of political, sociological, and psychological elements that are highly valued by decision makers. In addition, cultural practices, dimensions, and kinds of knowledge offer complementary sets of information that contribute to the context within which experts can provide input. The quantification and evaluation of sociopolitical, socio-economic, and sociotechnical impacts depend predominantly on subjective, expert judgment. Epidemiological data is limited, resulting in samples with statistical limits. Dose response assessments and curves depend on the quality of data and its relevance to human modes of exposure. With uncertain data and limited common units, the aggregation of results is not inherently obvious. Candidate methodologies discussed include statistical, analytical, and expert-based numerical approaches. Most statistical methods require large amounts of data with a random distribution of values for validity. Analytical methods predominate wherein structured data or patterns are evident and randomness is low. The analytical hierarchy process is shown to satisfy all requirements and provide a detailed method for measurement that depends on expert judgment by decision makers.

Simpson, Mary J.

2007-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

355

Advanced 3D electromagnetic and particle-in-cell modeling on structured/unstructured hybrid grids  

SciTech Connect

New techniques have been recently developed that allow unstructured, free meshes to be embedded into standard 3-dimensional, rectilinear, finite-difference time-domain grids. The resulting hybrid-grid modeling capability allows the higher resolution and fidelity of modeling afforded by free meshes to be combined with the simplicity and efficiency of rectilinear techniques. Integration of these new methods into the full-featured, general-purpose QUICKSILVER electromagnetic, Particle-In-Cell (PIC) code provides new modeling capability for a wide variety of electromagnetic and plasma physics problems. To completely exploit the integration of this technology into QUICKSILVER for applications requiring the self-consistent treatment of charged particles, this project has extended existing PIC methods for operation on these hybrid unstructured/rectilinear meshes. Several technical issues had to be addressed in order to accomplish this goal, including the location of particles on the unstructured mesh, adequate conservation of charge, and the proper handling of particles in the transition region between structured and unstructured portions of the hybrid grid.

Seidel, D.B.; Pasik, M.F.; Kiefer, M.L.; Riley, D.J.; Turner, C.D.

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Remote robotic underwater grinding system and modeling for rectification of hydroelectric structures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A submersible grinding robot has been designed to automate the dam gate metallic structure repair process. In order to measure and control the amount of material removed during the process, an empirical approach for modeling the material removal rate (MRR) of the underwater grinding application is proposed and presented in this paper. The objective is to determine the MRR in terms of the process parameters such as cutting speed and grinding power over a range of variable wheel diameters. Experiments show that water causes drag and a significant loss of power occurs during grinding. An air injector encasing the grinding wheel has been prototyped, and it is shown that power loss can be reduced by up to 80%. A model, based on motor characterization and empirical relations among system and process parameters, is developed for predicting MRR which will be used for the robotic grinding control system. A validation is carried out through experiments, and confirms the good accuracy of the model for predicting the depth of cut for underwater grinding. A comparative study for dry and underwater grinding is also conducted through experiments and shows that the MRR is higher for underwater grinding than in dry conditions at low cutting speeds.

Dominique Thuot; Zhaoheng Liu; Henri Champliaud; Julien Beaudry; Pierre-Luc Richard; Michel Blain

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Verification of a VOF-based two-phase flow model for wave breaking and wave–structure interactions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The objective of the present study is to develop a volume of fluid (VOF)-based two-phase flow model and to discuss the applicability of the model to the simulation of wave–structure interactions. First, an overview of the development of VOF-type models for applications in the field of coastal engineering is presented. The numerical VOF-based two-phase flow model has been developed and applied to the simulations of wave interactions with a submerged breakwater as well as of wave breaking on a slope. Numerical results are then compared with laboratory experimental data in order to verify the applicability of the numerical model to the simulations of complex interactions of waves and permeable coastal structures, including the effects of wave breaking. It is concluded that the two-phase flow model with the aid of the advanced VOF technique can provide with acceptably accurate numerical results on the route to practical purposes.

Phung Dang Hieu; Katsutoshi Tanimoto

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Modeling the determinants of Medicaid home care payments for children with special health care needs: A structural equation model approach  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

AbstractBackground The management of children with special needs can be very challenging and expensive. Objective To examine direct and indirect cost drivers of home care expenditures for this vulnerable and expensive population. Methods We retrospectively assessed secondary data on children, ages 4–20, receiving Medicaid Personal Care Services (PCS) (n = 2760). A structural equation model assessed direct and indirect effects of several child characteristics, clinical conditions and functional measures on Medicaid home care payments. Results The mean age of children was 12.1 years and approximately 60% were female. Almost half of all subjects reported mild, moderate or severe ID diagnosis. The mean ADL score was 5.27 and about 60% of subjects received some type of rehabilitation services. Caseworkers authorized an average of 25.5 h of PCS support per week. The SEM revealed three groups of costs drivers: indirect, direct and direct + indirect. Cognitive problems, health impairments, and age affect expenditures, but they operate completely through other variables. Other elements accumulate effects (externalizing behaviors, PCS hours, and rehabilitation) and send them on a single path to the dependent variable. A few elements exhibit a relatively complex position in the model by having both significant direct and indirect effects on home care expenditures – medical conditions, intellectual disability, region, and ADL function. Conclusions The most important drivers of home care expenditures are variables that have both meaningful direct and indirect effects. The only one of these factors that may be within the sphere of policy change is the difference among costs in different regions.

Omolola E. Adepoju; Yichen Zhang; Charles D. Phillips

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Singularity free analysis of a self-similar model of proton structure function at small \\textit{x}  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we make re-analysis of a self-similarity based model of the proton structure function at small \\textit{x} pursued in recent years. The additional assumption is that it should be singularity free in the entire kinematic range $0<\\textit{x}<1$. Our analysis indicates that the model is valid in a more restrictive range of $Q^{2}$. We also discuss the possibility of incorporation of Froissart saturation condition in the model.

Baishali Saikia; D. K. Choudhury

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Covariance Evaluation Methodology for Neutron Cross Sections  

SciTech Connect

We present the NNDC-BNL methodology for estimating neutron cross section covariances in thermal, resolved resonance, unresolved resonance and fast neutron regions. The three key elements of the methodology are Atlas of Neutron Resonances, nuclear reaction code EMPIRE, and the Bayesian code implementing Kalman filter concept. The covariance data processing, visualization and distribution capabilities are integral components of the NNDC methodology. We illustrate its application on examples including relatively detailed evaluation of covariances for two individual nuclei and massive production of simple covariance estimates for 307 materials. Certain peculiarities regarding evaluation of covariances for resolved resonances and the consistency between resonance parameter uncertainties and thermal cross section uncertainties are also discussed.

Herman,M.; Arcilla, R.; Mattoon, C.M.; Mughabghab, S.F.; Oblozinsky, P.; Pigni, M.; Pritychenko, b.; Songzoni, A.A.

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "methodologies model structures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

The variation of the fine structure constant: testing the dipole model with thermonuclear supernovae  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The large-number hypothesis conjectures that fundamental constants may vary. Accordingly, the spacetime variation of fundamental constants has been an active subject of research for decades. Recently, using data obtained with large telescopes a phenomenological model in which the fine structure constant might vary spatially has been proposed. We test whether this hypothetical spatial variation of {\\alpha}, which follows a dipole law, is compatible with the data of distant thermonuclear supernovae. Unlike previous works, in our calculations we consider not only the variation of the luminosity distance when a varying {\\alpha} is adopted, but we also take into account the variation of the peak luminosity of Type Ia supernovae resulting from a variation of {\\alpha}. This is done using an empirical relation for the peak bolometric magnitude of thermonuclear supernovae that correctly reproduces the results of detailed numerical simulations. We find that there is no significant difference between the several phenome...

Kraiselburd, Lucila; Negrelli, Carolina; Berro, Enrique García

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

The Structure of Water in Crystalline Aluminophosphates: Isolated Water and Intermolecular Clusters Probed by Raman Spectroscopy, NMR and Structural Modeling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of water in different states, e.g., bulk water, water clusters, aqueous solutions of ions or organicThe Structure of Water in Crystalline Aluminophosphates: Isolated Water and Intermolecular Clusters are used to elucidate the properties of water in Metavariscite, AlPO4-H3, AlPO4-8 and VPI-5. The framework

Goddard III, William A.

363

Integrated Computer Software for Process Design Methodology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

INTEGRATED COMPUTER SOFTWARE FOR PROCESS DESIGN METHODOLOGY Rajeev Gautam Union Carbide Corporation South Charleston, West Virginia A computer-aided system for synthesis, simulation and optimization of heat exchanger networks will be described...

Gautam, R.

364

NASA Surface meteorology and Solar Energy: Methodology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 NASA Surface meteorology and Solar Energy: Methodology Energy Technology (RET) projects. These climatological profiles are used for designing systems that have for implementing RETs, there are inherent problems in using them for resource assessment. Ground measurement

Firestone, Jeremy

365

The PIE Methodology — Concept and Application  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This methodology is concerned with technologies for supporting contemporary business processes. In particular, it concerns those that are long-lived, critical to the businesses’ success, are distributed and su...

Pierre-Yves Cunin; R. Mark Greenwood; Laurent Francou…

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Solar Two Performance Evaluation Methodology  

SciTech Connect

Solar Two is a 10-MWe prototype central-receiver plant east of Barstow, California. Solar Two, which is sponsored by a consortium of utilities and industry in partnership with the U.S. Department of Energy, began regular electricity production in February 1997. The objective of Solar Two's performance evaluation activity is to understand the plant's performance and to use the evaluation information for the following purposes: optimize plant performance, extrapolate Solar Two's performance to general performance of molten-salt central-receiver technology, and recommend revisions to predictive models and engineering design methods for Solar Two and future-generation molten-salt central-receiver technology. The primary aspect of the performance evaluation is the lost-electricity analysis. This analysis compares the actual generation with the generation predicted by the Solar Two model. (SOLERGY, a computer program designed by Sandia National Laboratories to simulate the operation and power output of a solar central-receiver power plant is the code used to model Solar Two.) The difference between the predicted and the actual generation (i.e., the lost electricity) is broken down into the different efficiency and availability categories responsible for the loss. Having the losses broken down by system and in terms of electricity is useful for understanding and improving the plant's performance; it provides a tool for determining the best operating procedures for plant performance and the allocation of operation and maintenance resources for the best performance payback.

Mary Jane Hale

1999-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Analysis Methodology for Industrial Load Profiles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ANALYSIS METHODOLOGY FOR INDUSTRIAL LOAD PROFILES Thomas W. Reddoch Executive Vice President Eleclrolek Concepts, Inc. Knoxvillc, Tennessee ABSTRACT A methodology is provided for evaluating the impact of various demand-side management... (OSM) options on industrial customers. The basic approach uses customer metered load profile data as a basis for the customer load shape. OSM technologies are represented as load shapes and are used as a basis for altering the customers existing...

Reddoch, T. W.

368

A planning methodology for arterial streets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A PLANNING METHODOLOGY FOR ARTERIAL STREETS A Thesis by MARC DARYL WILLIAMS Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1991... Major Subject: Civil Engineering A PLANNING METHODOLOGY FOR ARTERIAL STREETS A Thesis by MARC DARYL WILLIAMS Approved as to style and content by: Daniel B. Fambro (Chair of Committee) J. T. . Yao (Head of Department) Kim Q. Hill (Member...

Williams, Marc Daryl

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

369

A design methodology for unattended monitoring systems  

SciTech Connect

The authors presented a high-level methodology for the design of unattended monitoring systems, focusing on a system to detect diversion of nuclear materials from a storage facility. The methodology is composed of seven, interrelated analyses: Facility Analysis, Vulnerability Analysis, Threat Assessment, Scenario Assessment, Design Analysis, Conceptual Design, and Performance Assessment. The design of the monitoring system is iteratively improved until it meets a set of pre-established performance criteria. The methodology presented here is based on other, well-established system analysis methodologies and hence they believe it can be adapted to other verification or compliance applications. In order to make this approach more generic, however, there needs to be more work on techniques for establishing evaluation criteria and associated performance metrics. They found that defining general-purpose evaluation criteria for verifying compliance with international agreements was a significant undertaking in itself. They finally focused on diversion of nuclear material in order to simplify the problem so that they could work out an overall approach for the design methodology. However, general guidelines for the development of evaluation criteria are critical for a general-purpose methodology. A poor choice in evaluation criteria could result in a monitoring system design that solves the wrong problem.

SMITH,JAMES D.; DELAND,SHARON M.

2000-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

National Certification Methodology for the Nuclear Weapons Stockpile  

SciTech Connect

Lawrence Livermore and Los Alamos National Laboratories have developed a common framework and key elements of a national certification methodology called Quantification of Margins and Uncertainties (QMU). A spectrum from senior managers to weapons designers has been engaged in this activity at the two laboratories for on the order of a year to codify this methodology in an overarching and integrated paper. Following is the certification paper that has evolved. In the process of writing this paper, an important outcome has been the realization that a joint Livermore/Los Alamos workshop on QMU, focusing on clearly identifying and quantifying differences between approaches between the two labs plus developing an even stronger technical foundation on methodology, will be valuable. Later in FY03, such a joint laboratory workshop will be held. One of the outcomes of this workshop will be a new version of this certification paper. A comprehensive approach to certification must include specification of problem scope, development of system baseline models, formulation of standards of performance assessment, and effective procedures for peer review and documentation. This document concentrates on the assessment and peer review aspects of the problem. In addressing these points, a central role is played by a 'watch list' for weapons derived from credible failure modes and performance gate analyses. The watch list must reflect our best assessment of factors that are critical to weapons performance. High fidelity experiments and calculations as well as full exploitation of archival test data are essential to this process. Peer review, advisory groups and red teams play an important role in confirming the validity of the watch list. The framework for certification developed by the Laboratories has many basic features in common, but some significant differences in the detailed technical implementation of the overall methodology remain. Joint certification workshops held in June and December of 2001 and continued in 2002 have proven useful in developing the methodology, and future workshops should prove useful in further refining this framework. Each laboratory developed an approach to certification with some differences in detailed implementation. The general methodology introduces specific quantitative indicators for assessing confidence in our nuclear weapon stockpile. The quantitative indicators are based upon performance margins for key operating characteristics and components of the system, and these are compared to uncertainties in these factors. These criteria can be summarized in a quantitative metric (for each such characteristic) expressed as: (i.e., confidence in warhead performance depends upon CR significantly exceeding unity for all these characteristics). These Confidence Ratios are proposed as a basis for guiding technical and programmatic decisions on stockpile actions. This methodology already has been deployed in certifying weapons undergoing current life extension programs or component remanufacture. The overall approach is an adaptation of standard engineering practice and lends itself to rigorous, quantitative, and explicit criteria for judging the robustness of weapon system and component performance at a detailed level. There are, of course, a number of approaches for assessing these Confidence Ratios. The general certification methodology was publicly presented for the first time to a meeting of Strategic Command SAG in January 2002 and met with general approval. At that meeting, the Laboratories committed to further refine and develop the methodology through the implementation process. This paper reflects the refinement and additional development to date. There will be even further refinement at a joint laboratory workshop later in FY03. A common certification methodology enables us to engage in peer reviews and evaluate nuclear weapon systems on the basis of explicit and objective metrics. The clarity provided by such metrics enables each laboratory and our common customers to understand the meaning and logic

Goodwin, B T; Juzaitis, R J

2006-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

371

Structured Testing: A Testing Methodology Using the Cyclomatic Complexity Metric  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in developing security plans and in improving computer security awareness training. This Special Publication 500

Riabov, Vladimir V.

372

Jokestega: automatic joke generation-based steganography methodology  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents a novel steganography methodology, namely Automatic Joke Generation Based Steganography Methodology Jokestega, that pursues textual jokes in order to hide messages. Basically, Jokestega methodology takes advantage of recent advances ...

Abdelrahman Desoky

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Multi-Assay-Based Structure?Activity Relationship Models: Improving Structure?Activity Relationship Models by Incorporating Activity Information from Related Targets  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, we present a new class of methods for building SAR models, referred to as multi-assay based, that utilize activity information from different targets. ... Depending on the method, this SAR model will be built using either its own activity information (baseline SAR model) or additional information obtained from its set of related targets (multi-assay-based SAR model). ... To illustrate the cross-family nature of the multi-assay-based methods, Figure 3 shows the set of related proteins for the different proteins within and across the different families (Ktkligs and m = 3). ...

Xia Ning; Huzefa Rangwala; George Karypis

2009-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

374

Defining Object-Process Methodology in Web Ontology Language for Semantic Mediation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Model-Based Systems Engineering (MBSE) is gradually becoming an acceptable good practice, especially for large-scale complex systems. The variety of modeling languages allows detailed representation of domain-specific knowledge of different components ... Keywords: Conceptual modeling, Ontology design, RDF, Semantic Web Semantic mediation, Object-Process Methodology

Shmuela Jacobs, Niva Wengrowicz, Dov Dori

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Focusing future exploration in mature basin: Maturation and migration models integrated with timing of major structural events in Illinois  

SciTech Connect

Exploration risk can be decreased by highgrading areas where the timing of structural events and maturation of source rocks are nearly coincident. Knowledge of migration fairways further aids in focusing exploration. Four burial-history models have been constructed to accommodate (1) a rift-fill sequence in excess of 24,000 ft, (2) a hypothetical Fairfield basin model, (3) a model using a deep well, and (4) a model on the Sparta shelf. These complex models, which use several variables including compaction, thermal conductivity, kerogen kinetics, and multiple unconformities, indicate a possibility for multiple hydrocarbon-generative events and show that linear geothermal gradients are ineffective in explaining maturation in Illinois. Periods of oil generation determined from the models can be compared with known timing of structural events to predict trapping potential. Depths to the oil phase-out zone are also significant. Exploration risk can be reduced in Illinois by using a simple migration model that uses the basal Upper Devonian Sylamore Sandstone in central and western Illinois as a migration conduit and the New Albany Group as a source. Other migration conduits in the basin are discussed including faults associated with structures and fracture systems such as the Wabash Valley fault system.

Oltz, D.F.; Crockett, J.E. (Illinois State Geological Survey, Champaign (USA))

1989-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Structure and behavior of triad interactions for a Boussinesq system arising in a model for the formation sand ridges  

SciTech Connect

The Boussinesq system describes weakly nonlinear dispersive long waves plasmas and incompressible irrotational fluids. This study presents some results regarding the structure and behavior of a system of equations that yield the spatial structure of triad interactions in the Boussinesq system. Such a system forms part of a model for the formation and evolution of sand ridges on the continental shelf. The aims of this study are to provide some insight into the behavior of the triad system and into the sand ridge model in particular.

Restrepo, J.M. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Bona, J.L. [Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park, PA (United States)

1993-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

377

Biopower Report Presents Methodology for Assessing the Value...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Biopower Report Presents Methodology for Assessing the Value of Co-Firing Biomass in Pulverized Coal Plants Biopower Report Presents Methodology for Assessing the Value of...

378

Evaluation of the European PMP Methodologies Using Chassis Dynamometer...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

the European PMP Methodologies Using Chassis Dynamometer and On-road Testing of Heavy-duty Vehicles Evaluation of the European PMP Methodologies Using Chassis Dynamometer and...

379

Hydrogen Program Goal-Setting Methodologies Report to Congress...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Hydrogen Program Goal-Setting Methodologies Report to Congress Hydrogen Program Goal-Setting Methodologies Report to Congress This Report to Congress, published in August 2006,...

380

A Review of Geothermal Resource Estimation Methodology | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

to library Conference Paper: A Review of Geothermal Resource Estimation Methodology Abstract The reliability of resource estimation methodology has become increasingly...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "methodologies model structures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Phase structure and Higgs boson mass in a Higgs-Yukawa model with a dimension-6 operator  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate the impact of a $\\lambda_6 \\varphi^6$ term included in a chirally invariant lattice Higgs-Yukawa model. Such a term could emerge from BSM physics at some larger energy scale. We map out the phase structure of the Higgs-Yukawa model with positive $\\lambda_6$ and negative quartic self coupling of the scalar fields. To this end, we evaluate the constraint effective potential in lattice perturbation theory and also determine the magnetization of the model via numerical simulations which allow us to reach also non-perturbative values of the couplings. As a result, we find a complex phase structure with first and second order phase transitions identified through the magnetization. Further we analyze the effect of such a $\\varphi^6$ term on the lower Higgs boson mass bound to see, whether the standard model lower mass bound can be altered.

Chu, David Y -J; Knippschild, Bastian; Lin, C -J David; Nagai, Kei-Ichi; Nagy, Attila

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

An equilibrium double-twist model for the radial structure of collagen fibrils  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mammalian tissues contain networks and ordered arrays of collagen fibrils originating from the periodic self-assembly of helical 300 nm long tropocollagen complexes. The fibril radius is typically between 25 to 250 nm, and tropocollagen at the surface appears to exhibit a characteristic twist-angle with respect to the fibril axis. Similar fibril radii and twist-angles at the surface are observed in vitro, suggesting that these features are controlled by a similar self-assembly process. In this work, we propose a physical mechanism of equilibrium radius control for collagen fibrils based on a radially varying double-twist alignment of tropocollagen within a collagen fibril. The free-energy of alignment is similar to that of liquid crystalline blue phases, and we employ an analytic Euler-Lagrange and numerical free energy minimization to determine the twist-angle between the molecular axis and the fibril axis along the radial direction. Competition between the different elastic energy components, together with a surface energy, determines the equilibrium radius and twist-angle at the fibril surface. A simplified model with a twist-angle that is linear with radius is a reasonable approximation in some parameter regimes, and explains a power-law dependence of radius and twist-angle at the surface as parameters are varied. Fibril radius and twist-angle at the surface corresponding to an equilibrium free-energy minimum are consistent with existing experimental measurements of collagen fibrils. Remarkably, in the experimental regime, all of our model parameters are important for controlling equilibrium structural parameters of collagen fibrils.

Aidan I Brown; Laurent Kreplak; Andrew D Rutenberg

2014-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

383

Modeling of two-dimensional interrelated heat and mass transfer problems and structure transformation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A numerical method to solve interrelated heat and mass transfer problems with structure transformation for easily deformable disperse capillary-porous media is suggested. Structure transformations of bodies of...

G. P. Brovka; V. A. Sychevskii

384

Stable spatial Langmuir solitons as a model of long-lived atmospheric plasma structures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

I study stable spatial Langmuir solitons in plasma based on nonlinear radial oscillations of charged particles. I discuss two situations when a Langmuir soliton can be stable. In the former case the stability of solitons against the collapse is due to electron-electron interactions which result in the nonlocal terms in the nonlinear Schr\\"{o}dinger equation. In the latter situation I derive the new cubic-quintic nonlinear Schr\\"{o}dinger equation with accounts for the interaction of induced dipole moments of diatomic ions with a rapidly oscillating electric field and show that the collapse of Langmuir waves can be also arrested. In both cases I find the numerical solutions of the nonlinear Schr\\"{o}dinger equation and analyze their stability using the Vakhitov-Kolokolov criterion. I discuss the application of my results for the description of long-lived atmospheric plasma structures. I show that, using my model, one can explain the existence of atmospheric plasmoids in the upper ionosphere. It is also demonst...

Dvornikov, Maxim

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Combinatorial optimization model and MIP formulation for the structural analysis of conditional differential-algebraic systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper we consider the structural analysis problem for differential-algebraic systems with conditional equations. This problem consists, given a conditional differential-algebraic system, in verifying if the system is structurally nonsingular ... Keywords: Branch-and-Cut algorithm, Differential-algebraic system, Graph, Integer linear program, Matching, Structural analysis

Mathieu Lacroix; A. Ridha Mahjoub; Sébastien Martin

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

eGallon Methodology | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

eGallon Methodology eGallon Methodology eGallon Methodology The average American measures the day-to-day cost of driving by the price of a gallon of gasoline. In other words, as the price of gasoline rises and falls, it tells consumers how much it costs to drive. If you drive past a gas station, watch the evening news or read the newspaper, you'll see the price of a gallon of gas posted. But for electric vehicle (EV) owners -- who generally fuel at home -- it's hard to measure just how much it costs to drive. To help current and potential EV drivers better understand the cost of driving an EV, the Energy Department created a metric called the "electric gallon" -- or "eGallon." The eGallon represents the cost of driving an electric vehicle (EV) the same distance a gasoline-powered

387

2007 CBECS Large Hospital Building Methodology Report  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Methodology Report Main Report | Methodology Report Main Report | Methodology | FAQ | List of Tables CBECS 2007 - Release date: August 17, 2012 Data Collection The data in the Energy Characteristics and Energy Consumed in Large Hospital Buildings in the United States in 2007 report and accompanying tables were collected in the 2007 round of the Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS). CBECS is a quadrennial survey is conducted by the Energy Information Administration (EIA) to provide basic statistical information about energy consumption and expenditures in United States commercial buildings and information about energy-related characteristics of these buildings. The survey was conducted in two phases, the Building Characteristics Survey and the Energy Supplier Survey. The Building Characteristics Survey collects information about selected

388

eGallon Methodology | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

eGallon Methodology eGallon Methodology eGallon Methodology The average American measures the day-to-day cost of driving by the price of a gallon of gasoline. In other words, as the price of gasoline rises and falls, it tells consumers how much it costs to drive. If you drive past a gas station, watch the evening news or read the newspaper, you'll see the price of a gallon of gas posted. But for electric vehicle (EV) owners -- who generally fuel at home -- it's hard to measure just how much it costs to drive. To help current and potential EV drivers better understand the cost of driving an EV, the Energy Department created a metric called the "electric gallon" -- or "eGallon." The eGallon represents the cost of driving an electric vehicle (EV) the same distance a gasoline-powered

389

A model study of the impact of magnetic field structure on atmospheric composition during solar proton events  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A model study of the impact of magnetic field structure on atmospheric composition during solar is possible into regions that are at the moment effectively shielded by the Earth's magnetic field. A two (process, timescale, magnetostratigraphy); 1650 Global Change: Solar variability; 2716 Magnetospheric

Steinhoff, Heinz-Jürgen

390

Paper No. 2004-mfb-03 Kelly Page: 1 of 4 Tensile Loading of Model Caisson Foundations for Structures on Sand  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Paper No. 2004-mfb-03 Kelly Page: 1 of 4 Tensile Loading of Model Caisson Foundations for Structures on Sand R.B. Kelly, B.W. Byrne, G.T. Houlsby and C.M. Martin Department of Engineering) (see Byrne et al, 2002; Byrne et al, 2003; Kelly et al, 2003). This paper concentrates on the tensile

Byrne, Byron

391

Multidiscipline Modeling in Materials and Structures Emerald Article: A study of the blast-induced brain white-matter damage  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Multidiscipline Modeling in Materials and Structures Emerald Article: A study of the blast, (2012),"A study of the blast-induced brain white-matter damage and the associated diffuse axonal injury Abstract Purpose ­ Blast-induced traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a signature injury of the current military

Grujicic, Mica

392

Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Functional-Structural Plant Models, Saariselk, Finland, 9 -14 June  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

must the FSPM and pathogen models exchange? Can we identify processes that are common to most foliar at different scales: the Multiscale Tree Graph (MTG: Godin and Caraglio, 1998) is used to circulate variables between pathogen ­ FSPM ­ climate through a central data structure representing the canopy (i.e. MTG

Boyer, Edmond

393

Federal and State Structures to Support Financing Utility-Scale Solar Projects and the Business Models Designed to Utilize Them  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Federal and State Structures to Federal and State Structures to Support Financing Utility-Scale Solar Projects and the Business Models Designed to Utilize Them Michael Mendelsohn and Claire Kreycik Technical Report NREL/TP-6A20-48685 April 2012 NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy, operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC. National Renewable Energy Laboratory 15013 Denver West Parkway Golden, Colorado 80401 303-275-3000 * www.nrel.gov Contract No. DE-AC36-08GO28308 Federal and State Structures to Support Financing Utility-Scale Solar Projects and the Business Models Designed to Utilize Them Michael Mendelsohn and Claire Kreycik Prepared under Task No. CP09.2320

394

Systematic Comparison of Operating Reserve Methodologies: Preprint  

SciTech Connect

Operating reserve requirements are a key component of modern power systems, and they contribute to maintaining reliable operations with minimum economic impact. No universal method exists for determining reserve requirements, thus there is a need for a thorough study and performance comparison of the different existing methodologies. Increasing penetrations of variable generation (VG) on electric power systems are posed to increase system uncertainty and variability, thus the need for additional reserve also increases. This paper presents background information on operating reserve and its relationship to VG. A consistent comparison of three methodologies to calculate regulating and flexibility reserve in systems with VG is performed.

Ibanez, E.; Krad, I.; Ela, E.

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Feature Detection, Characterization and Confirmation Methodology: Final Report  

SciTech Connect

This is the final report of the NUMO-LBNL collaborative project: Feature Detection, Characterization and Confirmation Methodology under NUMO-DOE/LBNL collaboration agreement, the task description of which can be found in the Appendix. We examine site characterization projects from several sites in the world. The list includes Yucca Mountain in the USA, Tono and Horonobe in Japan, AECL in Canada, sites in Sweden, and Olkiluoto in Finland. We identify important geologic features and parameters common to most (or all) sites to provide useful information for future repository siting activity. At first glance, one could question whether there was any commonality among the sites, which are in different rock types at different locations. For example, the planned Yucca Mountain site is a dry repository in unsaturated tuff, whereas the Swedish sites are situated in saturated granite. However, the study concludes that indeed there are a number of important common features and parameters among all the sites--namely, (1) fault properties, (2) fracture-matrix interaction (3) groundwater flux, (4) boundary conditions, and (5) the permeability and porosity of the materials. We list the lessons learned from the Yucca Mountain Project and other site characterization programs. Most programs have by and large been quite successful. Nonetheless, there are definitely 'should-haves' and 'could-haves', or lessons to be learned, in all these programs. Although each site characterization program has some unique aspects, we believe that these crosscutting lessons can be very useful for future site investigations to be conducted in Japan. One of the most common lessons learned is that a repository program should allow for flexibility, in both schedule and approach. We examine field investigation technologies used to collect site characterization data in the field. An extensive list of existing field technologies is presented, with some discussion on usage and limitations. Many of the technologies on the list were in fact used during the characterization of Yucca Mountain and elsewhere by LBNL personnel. The study also includes emerging technologies and identifies the need to develop better estimation of important parameters for repository siting. Notable emerging technologies include 3-D seismic and satellite-based remote sensing and wireless micro electro mechanical systems (MEMS) sensors. They enable cost-effective and ubiquitous monitoring to be applied for site characterization. We list and classify the types of uncertainties involved in site characterization. Uncertainties can exist in all aspects of site characterization: data, interpretation, conceptualization, and modeling. We use the Swedish program to exemplify such uncertainties. We also devote a chapter on geochemical issues regarding the interaction between groundwater and natural and engineered barrier materials. A recommendation has been made to take advantage of the recent advancement in geochemical modeling capabilities in natural systems. Although it is not of immediate relevance at the preliminary investigation stage, it serves as a good reminder that geochemical investigation efforts should not be overlooked at any stage in the repository program. We construct a synthetic preliminary-investigation site based on an extensive data set available from a geoscientific project in Japan, which we use as a 'real' site to evaluate uncertainties resulting from hydrogeological modeling and examine strategies for characterizing a new site. We plan various preliminary-investigation configurations and conduct preliminary numerical investigations at the synthetic site. We construct a model of the 'real' site for each PI configuration, make predictions of particle travel times, and compare against the 'real' data obtained from the 'real' model. We conclude that drilling as many as nine boreholes does not necessarily improve the understanding of the site compared to drilling as few as three boreholes, unless there is an underlying structure that is larger than the spacing of the boreholes. The

Karasaki, Kenzi; Apps, John; Doughty, Christine; Gwatney, Hope; Onishi, Celia Tiemi; Trautz, Robert; Tsang, Chin-Fu

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Evaluation of ground movement and damage to structures from Chinese coal mining using a new GIS coupling model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, combining a theoretical method of predicting subsidence over time and using a geographical information system (GIS), a GIS-based dynamic model is proposed to rapid simulate the phenomenon of progressive movement distribution from large sequential mining. The theoretical method uses stochastic medium concept involving Knothe time function for basic governing equations to calculate progressive movement because this solutions have been widely developed and used in Chinese mining practice to solve the coal extraction problem under building, railways, and rivers. In order to assess the impact of progressive movement to the surface structures, a fuzzy model is suggested to identify damage classifications with contributions of subsidence calculations and building mesh data. For implementation of the GIS-based prediction and assessment model, a new GIS coupling model is established by implementing tight coupling strategy using the component object model (COM) program to overcome the problems of complex model integration for dynamic prediction and assessment. Furthermore, this paper demonstrates the effectiveness of this GIS-based model for prediction and evaluation of subsidence-induced damage from coal mining beneath surface structures in China.

Ibrahim Djamaluddin; Yasuhiro Mitani; Tetsuro Esaki

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

On optimizing Jacobi–Davidson method for calculating eigenvalues in low dimensional structures using eight band k · p model  

SciTech Connect

The paper presents two ways of improving the Jacobi–Davidson method for calculating the eigenvalues and eigenvectors described by eight-band k · p model for quantum dots and other low dimensional structures. First, the method is extended by the application of time reversal symmetry operator. This extension allows efficient calculations of the twofold degeneracy present in the multiband k · p model and other interior eigenvalues. Second, the preconditioner for the indefinite matrix which comes from the discretization of the eight band k · p Hamiltonian is presented. The construction of this preconditioner is based on physical considerations about energy band structure in the k · p model. On the basis of two real examples, it is shown that the preconditioner can significantly shorten the time needed to calculate the interior eigenvalues, despite the fact that the memory usage of the preconditioner and Hamiltionian is comparable. Finally, some technical details for implementing the eight band k · p Hamiltonian and the eigensolver are provided.

Andrzejewski, Janusz, E-mail: Janusz.Andrzejewski@pwr.wroc.pl

2013-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

398

Neutrinos in the holographic dark energy model: constraints from latest measurements of expansion history and growth of structure  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The model of holographic dark energy (HDE) with massive neutrinos and/or dark radiation is investigated in detail. The background and perturbation evolutions in the HDE model are calculated. We employ the PPF approach to overcome the gravity instability difficulty (perturbation divergence of dark energy) led by the equation-of-state parameter $w$ evolving across the phantom divide $w=-1$ in the HDE model with $c<1$. We thus derive the evolutions of density perturbations of various components and metric fluctuations in the HDE model. The impacts of massive neutrino and dark radiation on the CMB anisotropy power spectrum and the matter power spectrum in the HDE scenario are discussed. Furthermore, we constrain the models of HDE with massive neutrinos and/or dark radiation by using the latest measurements of expansion history and growth of structure, including the Planck CMB temperature data, the baryon acoustic oscillation data, the JLA supernova data, the Hubble constant direct measurement, the cosmic shear...

Zhang, Jing-Fei; Li, Yun-He; Zhang, Xin

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Nano-web structures constructed with a cellulose acetate/lithium chloride/polyethylene oxide hybrid: Modeling, fabrication and characterization  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Electrospun nano-web structures (ENWSs) were successfully fabricated from ionized binary solution of celluloseMn30/polyethylene oxideMn200 (CA/PEO of 0.5–1.5). Final concentration of polymers was 12% (w/v) in the solution, and lithium chloride was used as ionizing agent. Response surface methodology (RSM) was applied to the optimize fabrication of ENWSs. Results of multiple linear regression analysis revealed that the solution properties and \\{ENWSs\\} morphology were strongly influenced by CA/PEO. An increase in PEO amount increased the viscosity which is a function of molecular weight, and as a result raised the entanglement of polymeric solution but decreased the surface tension that all support nanofibers fabrication. The size of nanofibers decreased with reducing PEO and LiCl concentration. Increasing the content of LiCl promoted the electrical conductivity (EC) value; however, junction zones were formed. The overall optimum region was found to be at combined level of 1.5% CA/PEO and 0.49% (w/v) LiCl.

Atefeh Broumand; Zahra Emam-Djomeh; Faramarz Khodaiyan; Sasan Mirzakhanlouei; Driush Davoodi; Ali A. Moosavi-Movahedi

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Aeroelastic Modeling of Offshore Turbines and Support Structures in Hurricane-Prone Regions (Poster)  

SciTech Connect

US offshore wind turbines (OWTs) will likely have to contend with hurricanes and the associated loading conditions. Current industry standards do not account for these design load cases (DLCs), thus a new approach is required to guarantee that the OWTs achieve an appropriate level of reliability. In this study, a sequentially coupled aero-hydro-servo-elastic modeling technique was used to address two design approaches: 1.) The ABS (American Bureau of Shipping) approach; and 2.) The Hazard Curve or API (American Petroleum Institute) approach. The former employs IEC partial load factors (PSFs) and 100-yr return-period (RP) metocean events. The latter allows setting PSFs and RP to a prescribed level of system reliability. The 500-yr RP robustness check (appearing in [2] and [3] upcoming editions) is a good indicator of the target reliability for L2 structures. CAE tools such as NREL's FAST and Bentley's' SACS (offshore analysis and design software) can be efficiently coupled to simulate system loads under hurricane DLCs. For this task, we augmented the latest FAST version (v. 8) to include tower aerodynamic drag that cannot be ignored in hurricane DLCs. In this project, a 6 MW turbine was simulated on a typical 4-legged jacket for a mid-Atlantic site. FAST-calculated tower base loads were fed to SACS at the interface level (transition piece); SACS added hydrodynamic and wind loads on the exposed substructure, and calculated mudline overturning moments, and member and joint utilization. Results show that CAE tools can be effectively used to compare design approaches for the design of OWTs in hurricane regions and to achieve a well-balanced design, where reliability levels and costs are optimized.

Damiani, R.

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "methodologies model structures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Research and Methodological Foundations of Transaction Log  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

approach to data collection and a research method for both system performance and user behavior analysis and users of that system. These log files can come from a variety of computers and systems (Websites interactions. Transaction log analysis is the methodological approach to studying online systems and users

Jansen, James

402

Methodology in Biological Game Simon M. Huttegger  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

;Huttegger and Zollman Methodology in Biological Game Theory ESS Method Describe a game Find all the stable states (ESS) If there is only one, conclude this one is evolutionarily significant #12;Huttegger An Evolutionarily Stable Strategy (ESS) Pooling equilibrium Not an ESS Hybrid equilibrium Not an ESS #12;Huttegger

Zollman, Kevin

403

An International Journal for Epistemology, Methodology and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 23 Synthese An International Journal for Epistemology, Methodology and Philosophy of Science ISSN on . . . : reasoning with infinite diagrams Solomon Feferman #12;1 23 Your article is protected by copyright and all:371­386 DOI 10.1007/s11229-011-9985-6 And so on ...: reasoning with infinite diagrams Solomon Feferman

Feferman, Solomon

404

Developing multiagent systems: The Gaia methodology  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Systems composed of interacting autonomous agents offer a promising software engineering approach for developing applications in complex domains. However, this multiagent system paradigm introduces a number of new abstractions and design/development ... Keywords: Multiagent systems, agent-oriented software engineering, analysis and design methodologies, distributed systems, software architectures

Franco Zambonelli; Nicholas R. Jennings; Michael Wooldridge

2003-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Teaching Ethics in K-12 Classrooms: Methodology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Teaching Ethics in K-12 Classrooms: Methodology and Pedagogy Richard A. Burgess, M.A. Texas Tech T-STEM Center and Deputy Director, National Institute for Engineering Ethics Summer 2012 #12;Introduction · Teaching ethics is deceptively complex. · Ethics is the careful and rigorous examination of our beliefs

Gelfond, Michael

406

Grant review of statistical methodology at BMRD  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Grant review of statistical methodology at BMRD Jeremy M G Taylor University of Michigan #12;Outline 1) Statistical methods grants at NIH 2) BMRD, miconceptions 3) Recent BMRD events 4) BMRD description update 5) The review process 6) Types of grants at BMRD 7) The review criteria 8) Tips on grant

Carlin, Bradley P.

407

E-Survey Methodology Karen J. Jansen  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Chapter I E-Survey Methodology Karen J. Jansen The Pennsylvania State University, USA Kevin G. Corley Arizona State University, USA Bernard J. Jansen The Pennsylvania State University, USA Copyright Academy of Management Annual Meeting (Corley & Jansen, 2000). We define an electronic survey as one

Jansen, James

408

Optimization Material Distribution methodology: Some electromagnetic examples  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

730 1 Optimization Material Distribution methodology: Some electromagnetic examples P. Boissoles, H. Ben Ahmed, M. Pierre, B. Multon Abstract--In this paper, a new approach towards Optimization Material to be highly adaptive to various kinds of electromagnetic actuator optimization approaches. Several optimal

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

409

Causal Gene Network Inference from Genetical Genomics Experiments via Structural Equation Modeling.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The goal of this research is to construct causal gene networks for genetical genomics experiments using expression Quantitative Trait Loci (eQTL) mapping and Structural Equation… (more)

Liu, Bing

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Shliomis model-based magnetic squeeze film in rotating rough curved circular plates: a comparison of two different porous structures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study aims to analyse the effect of different porous structures on the performance of a Shliomis model-based magnetic squeeze film in rotating rough porous curved circular plates. For porous structures Kozeny-Carman's formulation and Irmay's model have been adopted. A Shliomis model-based magnetic fluid flow is considered. The stochastically averaging models of Christensen and Tonder have been used for characterising the effect of transverse roughness. The associated stochastically averaged Reynolds type equation is solved to obtain the pressure distribution leading to the calculation of the load carrying capacity. The results presented in graphical form show that the adverse effect of transverse roughness can be compensated by the positive effect of magnetisation in the case of negatively skewed roughness, suitably choosing the rotation ratio and the curvature parameters. Further, this compensation appears to be more in the case of Kozeny-Carman's formulation as compared to that of Irmay's model, which makes the Kozeny-Carman's model a superior choice.

Jimit R. Patel; Gunamani Deheri

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Final Progress Report: FRACTURE AND SUBCRITICAL DEBONDING IN THIN LAYERED STRUCTURES: EXPERIMENTS AND MULTI-SCALE MODELING  

SciTech Connect

Final technical report detailing unique experimental and multi-scale computational modeling capabilities developed to study fracture and subcritical cracking in thin-film structures. Our program to date at Stanford has studied the mechanisms of fracture and fatigue crack-growth in structural ceramics at high temperature, bulk and thin-film glasses in selected moist environments where we demonstrated the presence of a true mechanical fatigue effect in some glass compositions. We also reported on the effects of complex environments and fatigue loading on subcritical cracking that effects the reliability of MEMS and other micro-devices using novel micro-machined silicon specimens and nanomaterial layers.

Reinhold H. Dauskardt

2005-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

412

Quantum-electrodynamic model of the finite-size electron and calculation of the fine-structure constant  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose a model of a relativistic string formed by a scalar complex field, acting as electromagnetic field source. An axiosymmetric solutions of the stationary equations for the scalar and electromagnetic fields are found numerically. The mass $m$ is calculated as a function of the charge $e$ and the magnetic moment $\\mu$ of the system. The resulting toroidal structure is interpreted as an electron because the calculated ratio $e^3/(2mc^2\\mu)$ coincides with the fine-structure constant $\\alpha=e^2/(\\hbar c)\\approx e^3/(2m_ec^2\\mu_e)$.

E. P. Likhtman

2006-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

413

EVALUATION OF ACTIVATION PRODUCTS IN REMAINING IN REMAINING K-, L- AND C-REACTOR STRUCTURES  

SciTech Connect

An analytic model and calculational methodology was previously developed for P-reactor and R-reactor to quantify the radioisotopes present in Savannah River Site (SRS) reactor tanks and the surrounding structural materials as a result of neutron activation of the materials during reactor operation. That methodology has been extended to K-reactor, L-reactor, and C-reactor. The analysis was performed to provide a best-estimate source term input to the Performance Assessment for an in-situ disposition strategy by Site Decommissioning and Demolition (SDD). The reactor structure model developed earlier for the P-reactor and R-reactor analyses was also used for the K-reactor and L-reactor. The model was suitably modified to handle the larger Creactor tank and associated structures. For all reactors, the structure model consisted of 3 annular zones, homogenized by the amount of structural materials in the zone, and 5 horizontal layers. The curie content on an individual radioisotope basis and total basis for each of the regions was determined. A summary of these results are provided herein. The efficacy of this methodology to accurately predict the radioisotopic content of the reactor systems in question has been demonstrated and is documented in Reference 1. As noted in that report, results for one reactor facility cannot be directly extrapolated to other SRS reactors.

Vinson, D.; Webb, R.

2010-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

414

Review Paper. Interest–rate term–structure pricing models: a review  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...complex trader will enter a transaction with...Interest-rate term-structure pricing...evolution of the term structure of volatilities...More generally, the search for greater and greater...products. In broad terms, however, some...and issuers in search of `advantageous...

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Modeling Actuation Forces and Strains in Nastic Structures Luke A. Matthews, Victor Giurgiutiu  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

conducted to re-create a membrane using phospholipids and transport proteins extracted from plants [10 a phospholipid bilayer with embedded active transport proteins, which move the water from the low pressure fluid structures; induced strain actuation; active materials; smart structures; biotransport; ion pumps; ATP, SUT-4

Giurgiutiu, Victor

416

ROBUST FAULT DETECTION BASED ON MULTIPLE FUNCTIONAL SERIES TAR MODELS FOR STRUCTURES WITH TIME-DEPENDENT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Health Monitoring of operating wind turbines is challenging, as those structures are characterized. The particular case of operating wind turbines is challeng- ing, as those structures are characterized by complex, analyzed and compared within the problem of vibration based fault detection on operating wind turbines

Boyer, Edmond

417

Dynamics of structures coupled with elastic media -a review of numerical models and methods  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of modification. Basically, the structure is the object of engineering design and concern, while the environment voie des vignes, F-92295 Ch^atenay-Malabry, France bDepartment of Civil Engineering, K in the field of structure-environment interaction problems, in which the environment is an elastic body

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

418

Modeling the Cost Structure of Public Transit Firms: Scale Economies and Functional Form (#09-3435) Michael Iacono, University of Minnesota  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Modeling the Cost Structure of Public Transit Firms: Scale Economies and Functional Form (#09-3435) Michael Iacono, University of Minnesota Abstract This study analyzes the cost structure of a set of medium in the production of transit services. Short and long-run costs are modeled using two of the more commonly

Levinson, David M.

419

Advances in Cheminformatics Methodologies and Infrastructure to Support the Data Mining of Large,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-malarials and predictions of anti-cancer activity. 1. Introduction The field of cheminformatics is multiAdvances in Cheminformatics Methodologies and Infrastructure to Support the Data Mining of Large, structure-derived properties and associated biological activities in a variety of assays. These data sources

420

Used Nuclear Fuel Loading and Structural Performance Under Normal  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Nuclear Fuel Loading and Structural Performance Under Normal Nuclear Fuel Loading and Structural Performance Under Normal Conditions of Transport - Modeling, Simulation and Experimental Integration RD&D Plan Used Nuclear Fuel Loading and Structural Performance Under Normal Conditions of Transport - Modeling, Simulation and Experimental Integration RD&D Plan Used nuclear fuel (UNF) must maintain its integrity during the storage period in such a way that it can withstand the physical forces of handling and transportation associated with restaging the fuel and transporting it to treatment or recycling facilities, or to a geologic repository. This RD&D plan describes a methodology, including development and use of analytical models, to evaluate loading and associated mechanical responses of UNF rods and key structural components. The plan objective is to

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "methodologies model structures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Used Nuclear Fuel Loading and Structural Performance Under Normal  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Used Nuclear Fuel Loading and Structural Performance Under Normal Used Nuclear Fuel Loading and Structural Performance Under Normal Conditions of Transport - Modeling, Simulation and Experimental Integration RD&D Plan Used Nuclear Fuel Loading and Structural Performance Under Normal Conditions of Transport - Modeling, Simulation and Experimental Integration RD&D Plan Used nuclear fuel (UNF) must maintain its integrity during the storage period in such a way that it can withstand the physical forces of handling and transportation associated with restaging the fuel and transporting it to treatment or recycling facilities, or to a geologic repository. This RD&D plan describes a methodology, including development and use of analytical models, to evaluate loading and associated mechanical responses of UNF rods and key structural components. The plan objective is to

422

A Chiral Schwinger model, its Constraint Structure and Applications to its Quantization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Jackiw-Rajaraman version of the chiral Schwinger model is studied as a function of the renormalization parameter. The constraints are obtained and they are used to carry out canonical quantization of the model by means of Dirac brackets. By introducing an additional scalar field, it is shown that the model can be made gauge invariant. The gauge invariant model is quantized by establishing a pair of gauge fixing constraints in order that the method of Dirac can be used.

Paul Bracken

2007-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

423

Methodology for the Assessment of the Macroeconomic Impacts of Stricter CAF. Standards  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

For For a full documentation of the macroeconomic linkage refer to "Model Documentation Report: Macroeconomic Activity Module (MAM) of the National Energy Modeling System," January 2002 found on the EIA web site at http://tonto.eia.doe.gov/FTPROOT/modeldoc/m065(2002).pdf Methodology for the Assessment of the Macroeconomic Impacts of Stricter CAFÉ Standards This assessment of the economic impacts of CAFÉ standards marks the first time EIA has used the new direct linkage of the DRI-WEFA Macroeconomic Model to NEMS in a policy setting. This methodology assures an internally consistent solution between the energy market concepts forecast by NEMS and the aggregate economy as forecast by the DRI-WEFA Macroeconomic Model of the U.S. Economy. While we refer to DRI- WEFA model as a macro model, the full DRI-WEFA model forecasts more than 1600 detailed concepts covering

424

Modeling multi-stream flow in collisionless matter: approximations for large-scale structure beyond shell-crossing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The generally held view that a model of large-scale structure, formed by collisionless matter in the Universe, can be based on the matter model ``dust'' fails in the presence of multi-stream flow, i.e., velocity dispersion. We argue that models for large-scale structure should rather be constructed for a flow which describes the average motion of a multi-stream system. We present a clearcut reasoning how to approach the problem and derive an evolution equation for the mean peculiar-velocity relative to background solutions of Friedmann-Lema\\^\\i tre type. We consider restrictions of the nonlinear problem and show that the effect of velocity dispersion gives rise to an effective viscosity of non-dissipative gravitational origin. We discuss subcases which arise naturally from this approach: the ``sticky particle model'' and the ``adhesion approximation''. We also construct a novel approximation that features adhesive action in the multi-stream regime while conserving momentum, which was considered a drawback of the standard approximation based on Burger's equation. We finally argue that the assumptions made to obtain these models should be relaxed and we discuss how this can be achieved.

Thomas Buchert; Alvaro Dominguez

1998-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

425

Offshore floating vertical axis wind turbines, dynamics modelling state of the art. Part II: Mooring line and structural dynamics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The need to exploit enhanced wind resources far offshore as well as in deep waters requires the use of floating support structures to become economically viable. The conventional three-bladed horizontal axis wind turbine may not continue to be the optimal design for floating applications. Therefore it is important to assess alternative concepts in this context that may be more suitable. Vertical axis wind turbines (VAWTs) are a promising concept, and it is important to first understand the coupled and relatively complex dynamics of floating \\{VAWTs\\} to assess their technical feasibility. As part of this task, a series of articles have been developed to present a comprehensive literature review covering the various areas of engineering expertise required to understand the coupled dynamics involved in floating VAWTs. This second article focuses on the modelling of mooring systems and structural behaviour of floating VAWTs, discussing various mathematical models and their suitability within the context of developing a model of coupled dynamics. Emphasis is placed on computational aspects of model selection and development as computational efficiency is an important aspect during preliminary design stages. This paper has been written both for researchers new to this research area, outlining underlying theory whilst providing a comprehensive review of the latest work, and for experts in this area, providing a comprehensive list of the relevant references where the details of modelling approaches may be found.

Michael Borg; Maurizio Collu; Athanasios Kolios

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Linking transaction cost and social exchange theory to explain strategic alliance performance: a meta-analytic structural equation model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Drawing on transaction cost economics (TCE) and social exchange theory (SET), we develop and test an integrative model of strategic alliance performance using meta-analytic structural equation modelling. Results reveal that TCE's key constructs (e.g., relationship specific investments, opportunism, and environmental uncertainty) influence SET's key constructs (e.g., trust and commitment) which in turn increase different strategic alliance performance outcomes (e.g., satisfaction, goal fulfilment, profitability, and stability). Further, our results show that the different outcome variables are distinct constructs, which measure different facets of strategic alliance performance.

Rodrigo Isidor; Holger Steinmetz; Christian Schwens; Ruediger Kabst

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Fundamentals of mechanical behavior in structural intermetallics: A synthesis of atomistic and continuum modeling  

SciTech Connect

After a brief account of the recent advances in computational research on mechanical behavior of structural intermetallics, currently unresolved problems and critical issues are addressed and the knowledge base for potential answers to these problems is discussed. As large-scale problems (e.g., dislocation core structures, grain boundaries, and crack tips) are treated by atomistic simulations, future development of relevant interatomic potentials should be made consistent with the results of first-principles calculations. The bulk and defect properties calculated for intermetallic compounds, both known and as yet untested, can furnish insights to alloy designers in search of new high-temperature structural intermetallics.

Yoo, M.H.; Fu, C.L.

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Investigating surety methodologies for cognitive systems.  

SciTech Connect

Advances in cognitive science provide a foundation for new tools that promise to advance human capabilities with significant positive impacts. As with any new technology breakthrough, associated technical and non-technical risks are involved. Sandia has mitigated both technical and non-technical risks by applying advanced surety methodologies in such areas as nuclear weapons, nuclear reactor safety, nuclear materials transport, and energy systems. In order to apply surety to the development of cognitive systems, we must understand the concepts and principles that characterize the certainty of a system's operation as well as the risk areas of cognitive sciences. This SAND report documents a preliminary spectrum of risks involved with cognitive sciences, and identifies some surety methodologies that can be applied to potentially mitigate such risks. Some potential areas for further study are recommended. In particular, a recommendation is made to develop a cognitive systems epistemology framework for more detailed study of these risk areas and applications of surety methods and techniques.

Caudell, Thomas P. (University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM); Peercy, David Eugene; Mills, Kristy (University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM); Caldera, Eva (University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM)

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Two-Factor Model of Soil Suction from Capillarity, Shrinkage, Adsorbed Film, and Intra-aggregate Structure  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The objective of this work is to derive the soil water retention from the soil structure without curve-fitting and only using the physical parameters found irrespective of an experimental retention curve. Two key points underlie the work: (i) the soil suction at drying coincides with that of the soil intra-aggregate matrix and contributive clay; and (ii) both the soil suction and volume shrinkage at drying depend on the same soil water content. In addition the two following results are used: (i) the available two-factor (capillarity and shrinkage) model of clay suction enables one to connect a clay suction and clay water content using the clay matrix structure; and (ii) the recent reference shrinkage curve model based on the concepts of intra-aggregate soil structure permits one to connect the soil water content at shrinkage with the water content of the contributive clay. With that the available two-factor model was essentially modified and, in particular, the effect of adsorbed water film was taken into acc...

Chertkov, V Y

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

GWIDD: a comprehensive resource for genome-wide structural modeling of protein-protein interactions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Protein-protein interactions are a key component of life processes. The knowledge of the three-dimensional structure of these interactions is important for understanding protein function. Genome-Wide Docking Database ...

Kundrotas, Petras J.; Zhu, Zhengwei; Vakser, Ilya A.

2012-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

431

SecStAnT: secondary structure analysis tool for data selection, statistics and models building  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......is calculated 3.2 Structural dataset Two sample datasets were built, one for alpha helical...unstructured fragments. Each dataset was separated in two subsets of X-ray crystallographic and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR......

Giuseppe Maccari; Giulia L.B. Spampinato; Valentina Tozzini

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Testing turbulent convection theory in solar models – I. Structure of the solar convection zone  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......outer envelope of the Sun, low-temperature opacities from Alexander...SSM. Fig. 9 shows the distribution of the temperature gradient in the solar...on the structure of the Sun, especially the temperature gradient in the convection......

Y. Li; J. Y. Yang

2007-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

433

Direct comparison of Neural Network, Fuzzy Logic and Model Prediction Variable Structure vortex flow controllers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Predictive Variable Structure and Fuzzy Logic based controllers for the same benchmark problem. Evaluation criteria consist of closed-loop system performance, activity level of the VFC nozzles, ease of controller synthesis, time required to synthesize...

Joshi, Praveen Sudhakar

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

434

Experimental investigation and constitutive modeling of metallic honeycombs in sandwich structures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Traditionally, honeycomb sandwich structures are designed in the elastic range, but recent studies on the crushing of sandwich profiles have shown their potential in crashworthiness applications. Thin sandwich sheets also ...

Mohr, Dirk, 1976-

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

A statistical and structural approach for symbol recognition, using XML modelling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

level, it re- lies on proximity relations between the loops in order to rebuild loop graphs representation of process results. 1 Introduction The current improvements of intranet structures allow large

Boyer, Edmond

436

A Statistical and Structural Approach for Symbol Recognition, Using XML Modelling  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper deals with the problem of symbol recognition in technical document interpretation. We present a system using a statistical and structural approach. This system uses two interpretation levels. In a first level, the system extracts and recognizes ...

Mathieu Delalandre; Pierre Héroux; Sébastien Adam; Eric Trupin; Jean-Marc Ogier

2002-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

A model of the subsurface structure at the Rye Patch geothermal...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

the subsurface structure at the Rye Patch geothermal reservoir based on surface-to-borehole seismic data Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Journal...

438

First-principles molecular modeling of structure-property relationships and reactivity in the zeolite chabazite  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Zeolites are crystalline, porous aluminosilicates; while a pure silicate structure is charge-neutral, the substitution of A1³? for Si?? creates in the framework a negative charge, which can be compensated by a proton that ...

Lo, Cynthia

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Computational approaches to modeling the conserved structural core among distantly homologous proteins  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Modem techniques in biology have produced sequence data for huge quantities of proteins, and 3-D structural information for a much smaller number of proteins. We introduce several algorithms that make use of the limited ...

Menke, Matthew Ewald, 1978-

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Structure model for the () phase in Al-Cr-Si alloys deduced from the phase by the strong-reflections approach  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Two closely related quasicrystal approximants are expected to have similar crystallographic structure-factor amplitudes and phases for the strong reflections so the structure of an unknown quasicrystal approximant can be solved from a related known quasicrystal approximant. This strong-reflections approach is applied to the new ()-AlCrSi phase and a structure model of () is deduced from the structure of the related -Al4Mn phase.

Zhang, H.

2006-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "methodologies model structures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

A methodology for analysis of the renewable electricity feed-in tariff markets  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract A feed-in tariff model has been enacted in most countries and is well accepted by the European Commission. In principle, the model offers long-term contracts to eligible renewable energy producers, typically based on guaranteed prices for fixed periods of time for electricity produced from renewable energy. This paper presents a methodology that has been developed for the feed-in tariff market approach, which should gradually help eligible producers become better prepared for market competition after long-term contracts expire. The central part of this methodology is the correction of the current guaranteed prices, based on the calculation of the cost-effectiveness ratio of the market model to the current feed-in tariff or non-market model. The common features of the designed market models are the market component, a combination of the guaranteed price with and without market indexing, and the sum of the reduced guaranteed price and the spot electricity price. The methodology has been applied to the current non-market model implemented under Croatian jurisdiction. In this case, seven different market models were designed, which are compared to the existing non-market model. The results of the cost-effectiveness ratio according to different types of renewable energy and market models for a certain period of time are given, described and used for the correction of the current guaranteed price. The first market model has been selected as the most appropriate to replace the existing non-market model in Croatia.

Vedran Uran; Slavko Krajcar

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Microbial Fuel Cells:? Methodology and Technology  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Microbial Fuel Cells:? Methodology and Technology† ... The choice of the parameter that is used for normalization depends on application, as many systems are not optimized for power production. ... In many MFCs the ohmic resistance plays a dominant role in defining the point of the maximum attainable power (MPP), partially due to the low ionic conductivity of the substrate solutions (71), but usually to a low degree of optimization in the fuel cell design. ...

Bruce E. Logan; Bert Hamelers; René Rozendal; Uwe Schröder; Jürg Keller; Stefano Freguia; Peter Aelterman; Willy Verstraete; Korneel Rabaey

2006-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

443

Two-Factor Model of Soil Suction from Capillarity, Shrinkage, Adsorbed Film, and Intra-aggregate Structure  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The objective of this work is to derive the soil water retention from the soil structure without curve-fitting and only using the physical parameters found irrespective of an experimental retention curve. Two key points underlie the work: (i) the soil suction at drying coincides with that of the soil intra-aggregate matrix and contributive clay; and (ii) both the soil suction and volume shrinkage at drying depend on the same soil water content. In addition the two following results are used: (i) the available two-factor (capillarity and shrinkage) model of clay suction enables one to connect a clay suction and clay water content using the clay matrix structure; and (ii) the recent reference shrinkage curve model based on the concepts of intra-aggregate soil structure permits one to connect the soil water content at shrinkage with the water content of the contributive clay. With that the available two-factor model was essentially modified and, in particular, the effect of adsorbed water film was taken into account. The developed model includes the following input parameters: the solid density, relative volume of contributive-clay solids, relative volume of contributive clay in the oven-dried state, soil clay content, aggregate/intra-aggregate mass ratio, and specific volume of lacunar pores in the aggregates at maximum swelling. The validation of the model is based on available data of water retention and the above input parameters for six soils. A promising agreement between the predicted and observed water retention curves was found.

V. Y. Chertkov

2014-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

444

Modelling market diffusion of electric vehicles with real world driving data — Part I: Model structure and validation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The future market diffusion of electric vehicles (EVs) is of great importance for transport related green house gas emissions and energy demand. But most studies on the market diffusion of \\{EVs\\} focus on average driving patters and neglect the great variations in daily driving of individuals present in real-world driving data. Yet these variations are important for \\{EVs\\} since range limitations and the electric driving share of plug-in hybrids strongly impact the economic evaluation and consumer acceptance of EVs. Additionally, studies often focus on private cars only and neglect that commercial buyers account for relevant market shares in vehicle sales. Here, we propose a detailed, user specific model for the market diffusion of \\{EVs\\} and evaluation of EV market diffusion policies based on real-world driving data. The data and model proposed include both private and commercial users in Germany and allow the calculation of realistic electric driving shares for all usage patterns. The proposed model explicitly includes user heterogeneity in driving behaviour, different user groups, psychological aspects and the effect of charge-at-home options. Our results show that the proposed model reproduces group specific market shares, gives confidence bands of market shares and simulates individual electric driving shares.

Patrick Plötz; Till Gnann; Martin Wietschel

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Cost Estimation Methodology for NETL Assessments of Power Plant Performance  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Q Q Q U U A A L L I I T T Y Y G G U U I I D D E E L L I I N N E E S S F F O O R R E E N N E E R R G G Y Y S S Y Y S S T T E E M M S S T T U U D D I I E E S S C C o o s s t t E E s s t t i i m m a a t t i i o o n n M M e e t t h h o o d d o o l l o o g g y y f f o o r r N N E E T T L L A A s s s s e e s s s s m m e e n n t t s s o o f f P P o o w w e e r r P P l l a a n n t t P P e e r r f f o o r r m m a a n n c c e e March 2010 DOE/NETL-2010/???? April 2011 DOE/NETL-2011/1455 National Energy Technology Laboratory Office of Program Planning and Analysis 2 Power Plant Cost Estimation Methodology Quality Guidelines for Energy Systems Studies April 2011 Quality Guidelines for Energy Systems Studies Cost Estimation Methodology for NETL Assessments of Power Plant Performance Introduction This paper summarizes the costing methodology employed by NETL in its costing models and baseline reports. Further, it defines the specific levels of capital cost as well as outlines the costing metrics by which

446

Documentation of Calculation Methodology, Input Data, and Infrastructure  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Documentation of Calculation Methodology, Input Data, and Infrastructure Documentation of Calculation Methodology, Input Data, and Infrastructure for the Home Energy Saver Web Site Title Documentation of Calculation Methodology, Input Data, and Infrastructure for the Home Energy Saver Web Site Publication Type Report LBNL Report Number LBNL-51938 Year of Publication 2005 Authors Pinckard, Margaret J., Richard E. Brown, Evan Mills, James D. Lutz, Mithra M. Moezzi, Celina S. Atkinson, Christopher A. Bolduc, Gregory K. Homan, and Katie Coughlin Document Number LBNL-51938 Pagination 108 Date Published July 13 Publisher Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory City Berkeley Abstract The Home Energy Saver (HES, http://HomeEnergySaver.lbl.gov) is an interactive web site designed to help residential consumers make decisions about energy use in their homes. This report describes the underlying methods and data for estimating energy consumption. Using engineering models, the site estimates energy consumption for six major categories (end uses); heating, cooling, water heating, major appliances, lighting, and miscellaneous equipment. The approach taken by the Home Energy Saver is to provide users with initial results based on a minimum of user input, allowing progressively greater control in specifying the characteristics of the house and energy consuming appliances. Outputs include energy consumption (by fuel and end use), energy-related emissions (carbon dioxide), energy bills (total and by fuel and end use), and energy saving recommendations. Real-world electricity tariffs are used for many locations, making the bill estimates even more accurate. Where information about the house is not available from the user, default values are used based on end-use surveys and engineering studies. An extensive body of qualitative decision-support information augments the analytical results.

447

Cost Model and Cost Estimating Software  

Directives, Delegations, and Requirements

This chapter discusses a formalized methodology is basically a cost model, which forms the basis for estimating software.

1997-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

448

A model study of the forces due to oscillatory waves on submerged structures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

satisfies the necessary boundary conditions is sought. Once it 1s found, the dynam1c pressure distribution is determined from the linearized Bernouili equation. The forces are obtained by 1ntegrating the pressure d1stribut1on over the surface... significant linear dimension equal to the height of the model squared divided by the length of the model in the direction of wave propagation for all models except the flat plate height of model for flat plate water depth 10 H = wave height v...

Versowsky, Paul Edward

1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Development of risk assessment methodology for municipal sludge incineration  

SciTech Connect

This is one of a series of reports that present methodologies for assessing the potential risks to humans or other organisms from the disposal or reuse of municipal sludge. The sludge management practices addressed by the series include land application practices, distribution and marketing programs, landfilling, surface disposal, incineration and ocean disposal. In particular, these reports provide methods for evaluating potential health and environmental risks from toxic chemicals that may be present in sludge. The document addresses risks from chemicals associated with incineration of municipal sludge. These proposed risk assessment procedures are designed as tools to assist in the development of regulations for sludge management practices. The procedures are structured to allow calculation of technical criteria for sludge disposal/reuse options based on the potential for adverse health or environmental impacts. The criteria may address management practices (such as site design or process control specifications), limits on sludge disposal rates or limits on toxic chemical concentrations in the sludge.

Not Available

1990-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Advanced Fuel Cycle Economic Tools, Algorithms, and Methodologies  

SciTech Connect

The Advanced Fuel Cycle Initiative (AFCI) Systems Analysis supports engineering economic analyses and trade-studies, and requires a requisite reference cost basis to support adequate analysis rigor. In this regard, the AFCI program has created a reference set of economic documentation. The documentation consists of the “Advanced Fuel Cycle (AFC) Cost Basis” report (Shropshire, et al. 2007), “AFCI Economic Analysis” report, and the “AFCI Economic Tools, Algorithms, and Methodologies Report.” Together, these documents provide the reference cost basis, cost modeling basis, and methodologies needed to support AFCI economic analysis. The application of the reference cost data in the cost and econometric systems analysis models will be supported by this report. These methodologies include: the energy/environment/economic evaluation of nuclear technology penetration in the energy market—domestic and internationally—and impacts on AFCI facility deployment, uranium resource modeling to inform the front-end fuel cycle costs, facility first-of-a-kind to nth-of-a-kind learning with application to deployment of AFCI facilities, cost tradeoffs to meet nuclear non-proliferation requirements, and international nuclear facility supply/demand analysis. The economic analysis will be performed using two cost models. VISION.ECON will be used to evaluate and compare costs under dynamic conditions, consistent with the cases and analysis performed by the AFCI Systems Analysis team. Generation IV Excel Calculations of Nuclear Systems (G4-ECONS) will provide static (snapshot-in-time) cost analysis and will provide a check on the dynamic results. In future analysis, additional AFCI measures may be developed to show the value of AFCI in closing the fuel cycle. Comparisons can show AFCI in terms of reduced global proliferation (e.g., reduction in enrichment), greater sustainability through preservation of a natural resource (e.g., reduction in uranium ore depletion), value from weaning the U.S. from energy imports (e.g., measures of energy self-sufficiency), and minimization of future high level waste (HLW) repositories world-wide.

David E. Shropshire

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Towards predictive modeling of near-edge structures in electron energy-loss spectra of AlN-based ternary alloys  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Although the analysis of electron energy loss near-edge structure provides a tool for experimentally probing the density of unoccupied states, a detailed comparison with simulations is necessary in order to understand the origin of individual peaks. This paper presents a density functional theory based technique for predicting the N K edge for ternary (quasibinary) nitrogen alloys by adopting a core hole approach, a methodology that has been successful for binary nitride compounds. It is demonstrated that by using the spectra of binary compounds for optimizing the core hole charge (0.35?e for cubic Ti1-xAlxN and 0.45?e for wurtzite AlxGa1-xN), the predicted spectra evolutions of the ternary alloys agree well with the experiments. The spectral features are subsequently discussed in terms of the electronic structure and bonding of the alloys.

D. Holec; R. Rachbauer; D. Kiener; P. D. Cherns; P. M. F. J. Costa; C. McAleese; P. H. Mayrhofer; C. J. Humphreys

2011-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

452

Integrated Scenario-based Design Methodology for Collaborative Technology Innovation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

information technology innovation with an end-to-end Human and Social Sciences assistance. This methodologyIntegrated Scenario-based Design Methodology for Collaborative Technology Innovation Fabrice Forest Technological innovation often requires large scale collaborative partnership between many heterogeneous

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

453

Introduction and Overall Design Approach Design Methodology Issues.........................................................................................................................................................2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1-1 Section 1 Introduction and Overall Design Approach Design Methodology Issues.....................................................................................................................................5 Design Methodology Framework, examine current practices, and produce useful tools for drainage design in the future. Therefore

Pitt, Robert E.

454

A methodology for forecasting carbon dioxide flooding performance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A methodology was developed for forecasting carbon dioxide (CO2) flooding performance quickly and reliably. The feasibility of carbon dioxide flooding in the Dollarhide Clearfork "AB" Unit was evaluated using the methodology. This technique is very...

Marroquin Cabrera, Juan Carlos

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

455

Constraint satisfaction modules : a methodology for analog circuit design  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation describes a methodology for solving convex constraint problems using analog circuits. It demonstrates how this methodology can be used to design circuits that solve function-fitting problems through ...

Mitros, Piotr, 1979-

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

National Seafood Consumption Survey: Overview of Survey Methodology & Implementation Strategy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

National Seafood Consumption Survey: Overview of Survey Methodology & Implementation Strategy Methodology The primary objective of NOAA Fisheries National Seafood Consumption Survey was to gather information about people's purchase and consumption behaviors of various seafood products. These behavioral

457

MESOMECHANICAL MODELING OF FRACTURE  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper reviews the efforts of the author and his colleagues over the past five decades to develop mesomechanical models of material failure. In the early 1970s a procedure known as the NAG/FRAG (Nucleation and Growth to Fragmentation) methodology was introduced by a group at SRI International. Experiments are performed in which the evolution of micro structural damage is measured posttest as a function of stress time?at?stress temperature and other environmental parameters. Damage nucleation and growth functions are deduced via iterative computational simulations. I conclude the review with a discussion of a current challenging problem: that of designing improved glass and ceramic armors.

D. R. Curran

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Methodologies to assess potential lifetime limits for extended burnup nuclear fuel  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

burnup is also examined under three hypothetical off-normal Design Basis Event transients using non-rigorous separate effects methods and three models for stress corrosion cracking. Within the scope of the selected transients, two of the models... INTRODUCTION. METHODOLOGY. STRESS CORROSION CRACKING MODELS. . 159 163 170 RESULTS AND DISCUSSION CONCLUSIONS. 179 189 CHAPTER V. CONCLUSIONS. 192 REFERENCES. . 196 VITA. 215 LIST OF TABLES Table Page 1 Fuel rod performance category and criteria...

De Vore, Curtis Vincent

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

459

An Isopycnal Box Model with predictive deep-ocean structure for biogeochemical cycling applications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

To simulate global ocean biogeochemical tracer budgets a model must accurately determine both the volume and surface origins of each water-mass. Water-mass volumes are dynamically linked to the ocean circulation in General Circulation Models, but at the cost of high computational load. In computationally efficient Box Models the water-mass volumes are simply prescribed and do not vary when the circulation transport rates or water mass densities are perturbed. A new computationally efficient Isopycnal Box Model is presented in which the sub-surface box volumes are internally calculated from the prescribed circulation using a diffusive conceptual model of the thermocline, in which upwelling of cold dense water is balanced by a downward diffusion of heat. The volumes of the sub-surface boxes are set so that the density stratification satisfies an assumed link between diapycnal diffusivity, ?d, and buoyancy frequency, N: ?d = c/(N?), where c and ? are user prescribed parameters. In contrast to conventional Box Models, the volumes of the sub-surface ocean boxes in the Isopycnal Box Model are dynamically linked to circulation, and automatically respond to circulation perturbations. This dynamical link allows an important facet of ocean biogeochemical cycling to be simulated in a highly computationally efficient model framework.

Philip Goodwin

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Modeling and simulation of electronic structure, material interface and random doping in nano-electronic devices  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The miniaturization of nano-scale electronic devices, such as metal oxide semiconductor field effect transistors (MOSFETs), has given rise to a pressing demand in the new theoretical understanding and practical tactic for dealing with quantum mechanical ... Keywords: Interface model, MOSFET, Mathematical modeling, Nano-electronic device, Poisson-Schrödinger equations, Quantum effects, Random dopant

Duan Chen; Guo-Wei Wei

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "methodologies model structures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

LIKELIHOOD RATIO TESTS FOR THE STRUCTURAL CHANGE OF AN AR(P) MODEL TO A THRESHOLD  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

or econo- metric model is stable to some possible events, such as the great depres- sion/expansion, oil price shocks and abrupt policy intervention. Due to the well need for model stability, a lot) and Quandt (1960). For the history and more early results, we refer to Horv´ath (1993, 1995) and Cs

Ling, Shiqing

462

A physical model of the turbulent boundary layer consonant with mean momentum balance structure  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...compared with the prevalent, well-established, model. Some...O(U ) ((u tau /kappa)log(delta/C)) D (wake layer...Engineering, University of Alabama. Wark, C.E , and H.M Nagib1991Experimental...comparison, the prevalent, well-established, physical model...

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Structural-chemical modeling of transition of coals to the plastic state  

SciTech Connect

The structural-chemical simulation of the formation of plastic state during the thermal treatment (pyrolysis, coking) of coals is based on allowance for intermolecular interactions in the organic matter. The feasibility of transition of coals to the plastic state is determined by the ratio between the onset plastic state (softening) and runaway degradation temperatures, values that depend on the petrographic composition and the degree of metamorphism of coals and the distribution of structural and chemical characteristics of organic matter. 33 refs., 8 figs., 2 tabs.

A.M. Gyul'maliev; S.G. Gagarin [FGUP Institute for Fossil Fuels, Moscow (Russian Federation)

2007-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

464

Computational methods for constructing protein structure models from 3D electron microscopy maps  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

into a low-res- olution EM map. A list of available computational tools is also provided. Ã? 2013 Elsevier Inc, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA b Department of Biological Sciences, College of Science, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA c Markey Center for Structural Biology, College

Kihara, Daisuke

465

THEMATICS is effective for active site prediction in comparative model structures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

THEMATICS (Theoretical Microscopic Titration Curves) is a simple, reliable computational predictor of the active sites of enzymes from structure. Our method, based on well-established Finite Difference Poisson-Boltzmann techniques, identifies the ionisable ... Keywords: THEMATICS, electrostatics, functional genomics, protein function, titration

Ihsan A. Shehadi; Alper Uzun; Leonel F. Murga; Valentin Ilyin; Mary Jo Ondrechen

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Examination of radioactive decay methodology in the HASCAL code  

SciTech Connect

The HASCAL 2.0 code provides dose estimates for nuclear, chemical, and biological facility accident and terrorist weapon strike scenarios. In the analysis of accidents involving radioactive material, an approximate method is used to account for decay during transport. Rather than perform the nuclide decay during the atmospheric transport calculation, the decay is performed a priori and a table look up method is used during the transport of a depositing tracer particle and non depositing (gaseous) tracer particle. In order to investigate the accuracy of this decay methodology two decay models were created using the ORIGEN2 computer program. The first is a HASCAL like model that treats decay and growth of all nuclide explicitly over the time interval specified for atmospheric transport, but does not change the relative mix of depositing and non-depositing nuclides due to deposition to the ground, nor does it treat resuspension. The second model explicitly includes resuspension as well as separate decay of the nuclides in the atmosphere and on the ground at each deposition time step. For simplicity, both of these models uses a one-dimensional layer model for the atmospheric transport. An additional investigation was performed to determine the accuracy of the HASCAL like model in separately following Cs-137 and I-131. The results from this study show that the HASCAL decay model compares closely with the more rigorous model with the computed doses are generally within one percent (maximum error of 7 percent) over 48 hours following the release. The models showed no difference for Cs-137 and a maximum error of 2.5 percent for I-131 over the 96 hours following release.

Steffler, R.S. [Texas A and M Univ., College Station, TX (United States). Dept. of Nuclear Engineering; Ryman, J.C.; Gehin, J.C.; Worley, B.A. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Energy Storage Valuation Methodology and Supporting Tool  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Ben Kaun Ben Kaun Sr. Project Engineer Electricity Advisory Committee: Storage Valuation Panel 6-6-13 Energy Storage Valuation Methodology and Supporting Tool 2 © 2013 Electric Power Research Institute, Inc. All rights reserved. Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) * Independent, non-profit, collaborative research institute, with full spectrum electric industry coverage * EPRI members represent ~90% of energy delivered in the U.S. * Energy Storage Research Program has over 30 funding utility members 3 © 2013 Electric Power Research Institute, Inc. All rights reserved. Storage Valuation Can be Confusing! Renewable Integration Frequency Regulation Spinning Reserve Resource Adequacy Asset Utilization Voltage Support Reduced GHG? Lower Production Costs

468

Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Validation of Material Models for Automotive Carbon Fiber Composite Structures  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Presentation given by General Motors at 2014 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about validation of material models...

469

Dynamic soil-structure interaction-comparison of FEM model with experimental results  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to represent twenty different laboratory experiments. The results of these models are compared with results available from extensive experimental dynamic testing on a geotechnical centrifuge. Though the various results from the finite element analysis...

Srinivasan, Palanivel Rajan

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

470

RELAP5/MOD3 code manual: Code structure, system models, and solution methods. Volume 1  

SciTech Connect

The RELAP5 code has been developed for best estimate transient simulation of light water reactor coolant systems during postulated accidents. The code models the coupled behavior of the reactor coolant system and the core for loss-of-coolant accidents, and operational transients, such as anticipated transient without scram, loss of offsite power, loss of feedwater, and loss of flow. A generic modeling, approach is used that permits simulating a variety of thermal hydraulic systems. Control system and secondary system components are included to permit modeling of plant controls, turbines, condensers, and secondary feedwater systems. RELAP5/MOD3 code documentation is divided into seven volumes: Volume I provides modeling theory and associated numerical schemes.

NONE

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Structure of finite-RSB asymptotic Gibbs measures in the diluted spin glass models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We suggest a possible approach to proving the M\\'ezard-Parisi formula for the free energy in the diluted spin glass models, such as diluted K-spin or random K-sat model at any positive temperature. In the main contribution of the paper, we show that a certain small modification of the Hamiltonian in any of these models forces all finite-RSB asymptotic Gibbs measures in the sense of the overlaps to satisfy the M\\'ezard-Parisi ansatz for the distribution of spins. Unfortunately, what is still missing is a description of the general full-RSB asymptotic Gibbs measures. If one could show that the general case can be approximated by finite-RSB case in the right sense then one could a posteriori remove the small modification of the Hamiltonian to recover the M\\'ezard-Parisi formula for the original model.

Dmitry Panchenko

2014-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

472

Preliminary Functional-Structural Modeling on Poplar (Salicaceae) Dongxiang Liu1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. It is cultivated in plantations not only for paper, wood products and energy, but also for soil erosion control [1 of poplar at growing season [6]. These models are helpful to understand crop production and management

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

473

Assessing Invariance of Factor Structures and Polytomous Item Response Model Parameter Estimates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.e., identical items, different people) for the homogenous graded response model (Samejima, 1969) and the partial credit model (Masters, 1982)? To evaluate measurement invariance using IRT methods, the item discrimination and item difficulty parameters... obtained from the GRM need to be equivalent across datasets. The YFCY02 and YFCY03 GRM item discrimination parameters (slope) correlation was 0.828. The YFCY02 and YFCY03 GRM item difficulty parameters (location) correlation was 0...

Reyes, Jennifer McGee

2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

474

Simulation of ultrafast heating induced structural dynamics using a one-dimensional spring model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We developed a one-dimensional spring model to study the dynamics of lattice motion upon ultrafast laser heating. Using this model, we simulated atomic positions as a function of time in a free-standing thin monoatomic metal film as well as in a thin film on a substrate. In particular, we studied how the electronic thermal stress influences lattice expansion after the ultrafast laser heating. The simulation results agree very well with experimental data obtained with femtosecond electron diffraction.

Junjie Li; Rick Clinite; Xuan Wang; Jianming Cao

2009-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

475

Modeling and Algorithmic Approaches to Constitutively-Complex, Micro-structured Fluids  

SciTech Connect

The team for this Project made significant progress on modeling and algorithmic approaches to hydrodynamics of fluids with complex microstructure. Our advances are broken down into modeling and algorithmic approaches. In experiments a driven magnetic bead in a complex fluid accelerates out of the Stokes regime and settles into another apparent linear response regime. The modeling explains the take-off as a deformation of entanglements, and the longtime behavior is a nonlinear, far-from-equilibrium property. Furthermore, the model has predictive value, as we can tune microstructural properties relative to the magnetic force applied to the bead to exhibit all possible behaviors. Wave-theoretic probes of complex fluids have been extended in two significant directions, to small volumes and the nonlinear regime. Heterogeneous stress and strain features that lie beyond experimental capability were studied. It was shown that nonlinear penetration of boundary stress in confined viscoelastic fluids is not monotone, indicating the possibility of interlacing layers of linear and nonlinear behavior, and thus layers of variable viscosity. Models, algorithms, and codes were developed and simulations performed leading to phase diagrams of nanorod dispersion hydrodynamics in parallel shear cells and confined cavities representative of film and membrane processing conditions. Hydrodynamic codes for polymeric fluids are extended to include coupling between microscopic and macroscopic models, and to the strongly nonlinear regime.

Forest, Mark Gregory [University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill] [University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

2014-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

476

3D Field-Scale Reactive Transport Modeling of In Situ Immobilization of Uranium in Structured Porous Media via Biostimulation  

SciTech Connect

A several-month-long ethanol injection experiment is being conducted to study the impacts of porous media structure (i.e., heterogeneity existing at multiple scales) on the effectiveness of metal/radionuclide bioremediation in a highly heterogeneous unconfined aquifer near Oak Ridge, TN, USA. We have constructed a 3D field-scale groundwater flow and multicomponent reactive transport model to simulate the experimental observations. The model incorporates a suite of abiotic reactions and microbially-mediated redox reactions for multiple terminal electron accepting processes (TEAPs) including soluble oxygen, nitrate, U(VI) and sulfate and solid-phase electron acceptors. Different biomass populations are considered in the model. Growth of these populations is derived from the bioenergetics-based approach in which the partitioning of electron flow between energy generation and cell biomass production is dependent on the free energy of the corresponding TEAP. TEAP reaction rates were free energy constrained. The TEAP model and reaction system have been formulated and used to simulate laboratory batch experimental observations. We conducted the field-scale simulation starting with the reaction system and parameters obtained from the batch experiment and hydrologic parameters estimated from the results of pumping tests, water level monitoring and model interpretation of a tracer test conducted in August 2004. Reaction parameters were investigated to compare simulation results and field experiment observations.

Fang, Yilin; Scheibe, Timothy D.; Roden, Eirc E.; Kamolpornwijit, Wiwat; Brooks, Scott C.

2006-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

477

Measurements and modeling of radio frequency field structures in a helicon plasma  

SciTech Connect

Measurements of the radio frequency (rf) field structure, plasma density, and electron temperature are presented for a 1 kW argon helicon plasma source. The measured profiles change considerably when the equilibrium magnetic field is reversed. The measured rf fields are identified as fields of radially localized helicon waves, which propagate in the axial direction. The rf field structure is compared to the results of two-dimensional cold plasma full-wave simulations for the measured density profiles. Electron collision frequency is adjusted in the simulations to match the simulated and measured field profiles. The resulting frequency is anomalously high, which is attributed to the excitation of an ion-acoustic instability. The calculated power deposition is insensitive to the collision frequency and accounts for most of the power supplied by the rf-generator.

Lee, C. A. [University of Texas, Austin; Chen, Guangye [ORNL; Arefiev, A. V. [University of Texas, Austin; Bengtson, R. D. [University of Texas, Austin; Breizman, B. N. [University of Texas, Austin

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Millimeter radiation from a 3D model of the solar atmosphere I. Diagnosing chromospheric thermal structure  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Aims. We use advanced 3D NLTE radiative magnetohydrodynamic simulations of the solar atmosphere to carry out detailed tests of chromospheric diagnostics at millimeter and submillimeter wavelengths. Methods. We focused on the diagnostics of the thermal structure of the chromosphere in the wavelength bands from 0.4 mm up to 9.6 mm that can be accessed with the Atacama Large Millimeter/Submillimeter Array (ALMA) and investigated how these diagnostics are affected by the instrumental resolution. Results. We find that the formation height range of the millimeter radiation depends on the location in the simulation domain and is related to the underlying magnetic structure. Nonetheless, the brightness temperature is a reasonable measure of the gas temperature at the effective formation height at a given location on the solar surface. There is considerable scatter in this relationship, but this is significantly reduced when very weak magnetic fields are avoided. Our results indicate that although instrumental smearin...

Loukitcheva, Maria; Carlsson, Mats; White, Stephen

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

An optimization methodology for machine learning strategies and regression problems in ballistic impact scenarios  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In domains with limited data, such as ballistic impact, prior researches have proven that the optimization of artificial neural models is an efficient tool for improving the performance of a classifier based on MultiLayer Perceptron. In addition, this ... Keywords: Ballistic impacts, Genetic algorithm, Machine learning, Methodology, Neural networks, Optimization

Israel Gonzalez-Carrasco; Angel Garcia-Crespo; Belen Ruiz-Mezcua; Jose Luis Lopez-Cuadrado

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Theory and Methodology A bilevel programming approach to determining tax credits for  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Theory and Methodology A bilevel programming approach to determining tax credits for biofuel production. In the model, the government is the leader and would like to minimize the annual tax credits the tax credit variables corresponding to the two biofuels under consideration, ester and ethanol. Once

Bard, Jonathan

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "methodologies model structures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

DIGITAL TECHNOLOGY BUSINESS CASE METHODOLOGY GUIDE & WORKBOOK  

SciTech Connect

Performance advantages of the new digital technologies are widely acknowledged, but it has proven difficult for utilities to derive business cases for justifying investment in these new capabilities. Lack of a business case is often cited by utilities as a barrier to pursuing wide-scale application of digital technologies to nuclear plant work activities. The decision to move forward with funding usually hinges on demonstrating actual cost reductions that can be credited to budgets and thereby truly reduce O&M or capital costs. Technology enhancements, while enhancing work methods and making work more efficient, often fail to eliminate workload such that it changes overall staffing and material cost requirements. It is critical to demonstrate cost reductions or impacts on non-cost performance objectives in order for the business case to justify investment by nuclear operators. This Business Case Methodology approaches building a business case for a particular technology or suite of technologies by detailing how they impact an operator in one or more of the three following areas: Labor Costs, Non-Labor Costs, and Key Performance Indicators (KPIs). Key to those impacts will be identifying where the savings are “harvestable,” meaning they result in an actual reduction in headcount and/or cost. The report consists of a Digital Technology Business Case Methodology Guide and an accompanying spreadsheet workbook that will enable the user to develop a business case.

Ken Thomas; Sean Lawrie; Adam Hart; Chris Vlahoplus

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

Percolative c(2×2) adlayer structure in nonequilibrium adsorption models  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We consider simple adsorption models describing two systems [H2O on Fe(001) and O2 on Pd(100)] in which c(2×2) short-range order is formed during chemisorption, and metastable saturation states result. This ordering is characterized using concepts from correlated percolation theory. Rapid increases in average domain size near saturation are associated with ‘‘ghost percolation thresholds’’ just above saturation. Generalizing these adsorption models to include an island-forming propensity, ?, is shown to move the saturation state closer to c(2×2) percolation. The ??? behavior is elucidated by analyzing corresponding ‘‘continuum two-phase grain growth models’’ using ideas from stochastic geometry, continuum, and random lattice percolation theory.

J. W. Evans and D. E. Sanders

1989-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

483

Hubble expansion and structure formation in the "running FLRW model" of the cosmic evolution  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A new class of FLRW cosmological models with time-evolving fundamental parameters should emerge naturally from a description of the expansion of the universe based on the first principles of quantum field theory and string theory. Within this general paradigm, one expects that both the gravitational Newton's coupling, G, and the cosmological term, Lambda, should not be strictly constant but appear rather as smooth functions of the Hubble rate. This scenario ("running FLRW model") predicts, in a natural way, the existence of dynamical dark energy without invoking the participation of extraneous scalar fields. In this paper, we perform a detailed study of these models in the light of the latest cosmological data, which serves to illustrate the phenomenological viability of the new dark energy paradigm as a serious alternative to the traditional scalar field approaches. By performing a joint likelihood analysis of the recent SNIa data, the CMB shift parameter, and the BAOs traced by the Sloan Digital Sky Survey,...

Grande, Javier; Basilakos, Spyros; Plionis, Manolis

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

Simplified Risk Model Version II (SRM-II) Structure and Application  

SciTech Connect

The Simplified Risk Model Version II (SRM-II) is a quantitative tool for efficiently evaluating the risk from Department of Energy waste management activities. Risks evaluated include human safety and health and environmental impact. Both accidents and normal, incident-free operation are considered. The risk models are simplifications of more detailed risk analyses, such as those found in environmental impact statements, safety analysis reports, and performance assessments. However, wherever possible, conservatisms in such models have been removed to obtain best estimate results. The SRM-II is used to support DOE complex-wide environmental management integration studies. Typically such studies involve risk predictions covering the entire waste management program, including such activities as initial storage, handling, treatment, interim storage, transportation, and final disposal.

S. A. Eide; T. E. Wierman

1999-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

Simplified Risk Model Version II (SRM-II) Structure and Application  

SciTech Connect

The Simplified Risk Model Version II (SRM-II) is a quantitative tool for efficiently evaluating the risk from Department of Energy waste management activities. Risks evaluated include human safety and health and environmental impact. Both accidents and normal, incident-free operation are considered. The risk models are simplifications of more detailed risk analyses, such as those found in environmental impact statements, safety analysis reports, and performance assessments. However, wherever possible, conservatisms in such models have been removed to obtain best estimate results. The SRM-II is used to support DOE complex-wide environmental management integration studies. Typically such activities involve risk predictions including such activities as initial storage, handling, treatment, interim storage, transportation, and final disposal.

Eide, Steven Arvid; Wierman, Thomas Edward

1999-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

Using a 3D finite element forward modeling code to analyze resistive structures with controlled-source electromagnetics in a marine environment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to simulate CSEM experiments. The objective of the present study is to model the changes in electromagnetic response for a resistive disk and a more geometrically complex structure, which are rough approximations of hydrocarbon reservoirs. The parameters...

King, Joshua David

2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

487

Models, Metaphysics, and Methodology Ronald N. Giere1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

positive strategy begins by asking how one would test the statement that F=ma. The answer is that one can as a modalized generalization asserting the necessary occurrences of the designated properties. I think her main't test it in this form. The fundamental principles of classical mechanics don't tell us what counts

Giere, Ronald N.

488

Prosody modelling in concept-to-speech generation: methodological issues  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...For example, a sentence consists of a process that represents the verb, several partici...words from the inventory. The Viterbi process constructs an optimal word sequence with...for speech synthesis. In Proc. 137th Mtg of the Acoustical Society of America...

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

A seismic modeling methodology for monitoring CO2 geological ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

May 20, 2011 ... possible causes of the greenhouse effect. In order to avoid these emissions, one of the. 30 options is the geological storage of carbon dioxide ...

2011-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

490

numerical methodology to model and monitor co2 sequestration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CO2 sequestration is a means of mitigating the greenhouse effect [1]. Geologic sequestration involves injecting CO2 into a target geologic formation at depths ...

santos,,,

491

Hubble expansion and structure formation in the "running FLRW model" of the cosmic evolution  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A new class of FLRW cosmological models with time-evolving fundamental parameters should emerge naturally from a description of the expansion of the universe based on the first principles of quantum field theory and string theory. Within this general paradigm, one expects that both the gravitational Newton's coupling, G, and the cosmological term, Lambda, should not be strictly constant but appear rather as smooth functions of the Hubble rate. This scenario ("running FLRW model") predicts, in a natural way, the existence of dynamical dark energy without invoking the participation of extraneous scalar fields. In this paper, we perform a detailed study of these models in the light of the latest cosmological data, which serves to illustrate the phenomenological viability of the new dark energy paradigm as a serious alternative to the traditional scalar field approaches. By performing a joint likelihood analysis of the recent SNIa data, the CMB shift parameter, and the BAOs traced by the Sloan Digital Sky Survey, we put tight constraints on the main cosmological parameters. Furthermore, we derive the theoretically predicted dark-matter halo mass function and the corresponding redshift distribution of cluster-size halos for the "running" models studied. Despite the fact that these models closely reproduce the standard LCDM Hubble expansion, their normalization of the perturbation's power-spectrum varies, imposing, in many cases, a significantly different cluster-size halo redshift distribution. This fact indicates that it should be relatively easy to distinguish between the "running" models and the LCDM cosmology using realistic future X-ray and Sunyaev-Zeldovich cluster surveys.

Javier Grande; Joan Sola; Spyros Basilakos; Manolis Plionis

2011-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

492

Methodology for Estimating Reductions of GHG Emissions from Mosaic  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Methodology for Estimating Reductions of GHG Emissions from Mosaic Methodology for Estimating Reductions of GHG Emissions from Mosaic Deforestation Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Methodology for Estimating Reductions of GHG Emissions from Mosaic Deforestation Agency/Company /Organization: World Bank Sector: Land Focus Area: Forestry Topics: Co-benefits assessment, GHG inventory, Resource assessment Resource Type: Publications Website: wbcarbonfinance.org/docs/REDD_Mosaic_Methodology.pdf Methodology for Estimating Reductions of GHG Emissions from Mosaic Deforestation Screenshot References: Methodology for Estimating Reductions of GHG Emissions from Mosaic Deforestation[1] Overview "This methodology is for project activities that reduce emissions of greenhouse gases (GHG) from mosaic deforestation and, where relevant and