National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for metered lighting outdoor

  1. FEMP Outdoor Solid-State Lighting Intiative: Resources for Outdoor...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Outdoor Solid-State Lighting Intiative: Resources for Outdoor SSL Applications FEMP Outdoor Solid-State Lighting Intiative: Resources for Outdoor SSL Applications Fact sheet...

  2. LED Outdoor Area Lighting Fact Sheet

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Outdoor Area Lighting LED technology is rapidly becoming competitive with high-intensity discharge light sources for outdoor area lighting. This document reviews the major design...

  3. Outdoor Solar Lighting | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Outdoor Solar Lighting Outdoor Solar Lighting July 29, 2012 - 6:34pm Addthis Outdoor solar lights use solar cells, which convert sunlight into electricity, and are easy to install...

  4. Outdoor Area Lighting | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    for outdoor areas. Outdoor Area Lighting (June 2008) More Documents & Publications Philadelphia International Airport Apron Lighting: LED System Performance in a Trial...

  5. Outdoor Lighting | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuelsof EnergyApril 2014DepartmentCouncilOfficeBudget OurOutdoor Lighting Outdoor

  6. Pedestrian Friendly Outdoor Lighting

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Miller, N. J.; Koltai, R. N.; McGowan, T. K.

    2013-12-01

    The GATEWAY program followed two pedestrian-scale lighting projects that required multiple mockups – one at Stanford University in California and the other at Chautauqua Institution in upstate New York. The report provides insight into pedestrian lighting criteria, how they differ from street and area lighting criteria, and how solid-state lighting can be better applied in pedestrian applications.

  7. High Performance Outdoor Lighting Accelerator

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Hosted by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)’s Weatherization and Intergovernmental Programs Office (WIPO), this webinar covered the expansion of the Better Buildings platform to include the newest initiative for the public sector: the High Performance Outdoor Lighting Accelerator (HPOLA).

  8. Pedestrian Friendly Outdoor Lighting

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Miller, Naomi J.; Koltai, Rita; McGowan, Terry

    2013-12-31

    This GATEWAY report discusses the problems of pedestrian lighting that occur with all technologies with a focus on the unique optical options and opportunities offered by LEDs through the findings from two pedestrian-focused projects, one at Stanford University in California, and one at the Chautauqua Institution in upstate New York. Incorporating user feedback this report reviews the tradeoffs that must be weighed among visual comfort, color, visibility, efficacy and other factors to stimulate discussion among specifiers, users, energy specialists, and in industry in hopes that new approaches, metrics, and standards can be developed to support pedestrian-focused communities, while reducing energy use.

  9. TAP Webinar: High Performance Outdoor Lighting Accelerator

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Hosted by the Technical Assistance Program (TAP), this webinar will cover the recently announced expansion of the Better Buildings platform —the High Performance Outdoor Lighting Accelerator (HPOLA).

  10. Connected Outdoor Lighting Systems For Municipalities

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This webinar is intended for municipal staff who have had some introduction to connected outdoor lighting systems, and want to further explore whether today's commercially available offerings suit...

  11. Outdoor Solar Lighting | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    on Outdoor Lighting Solar panels are a great way to produce clean energy at home | Photo courtesy of Stefano Paltera, U.S. Department of Energy. Harnessing Solar Energy at Home...

  12. DOE Publishes GATEWAY Report on Pedestrian Friendly Outdoor Lighting...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Pedestrian Friendly Outdoor Lighting DOE Publishes GATEWAY Report on Pedestrian Friendly Outdoor Lighting January 9, 2014 - 3:55pm Addthis The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has...

  13. DOE Publishes GATEWAY Report on Pedestrian Friendly Outdoor Lighting...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Energy (DOE) has published a new GATEWAY report entitled Pedestrian Friendly Outdoor Lighting. Recognizing that pedestrian lighting has different criteria for success than street...

  14. Outdoor Solar Lighting | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuelsof EnergyApril 2014DepartmentCouncilOfficeBudget OurOutdoor Lighting

  15. Hitting the Target: ENERGY STAR® SSL Outdoor Area Lighting Webcast

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In this October 8, 2009 webcast, ENERGY STAR Program Manager Richard Karney gave an overview of ENERGY STAR criteria covering SSL-based outdoor area and roadway lighting, outdoor wall packs,...

  16. 19CHALLENGE Summer 2006 OUTDOOR LIGHTING, INSECTS & BIRDS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    19CHALLENGE Summer 2006 OUTDOOR LIGHTING, INSECTS & BIRDS Is light pollution killing our birds? Colin Henshaw and Graham Cliff believe that light pollution is reducing the numbers of insects on which of the authors (Colin Henshaw) entitled The Environmental Effects of Light Pollution. The letter concluded

  17. Text-Alternative Version: Hitting the Target: ENERGY STAR® SSL Outdoor Area Lighting

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Below is the text-alternative version of the Hitting the Target: ENERGY STAR® SSL Outdoor Area Lighting Webcast.

  18. The Municipal Solid-State Street Lighting Consortium Public Outdoor Lighting Inventory: Phase I: Survey Results

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kinzey, Bruce R.; Smalley, Edward; Haefer, R.

    2014-09-30

    This document presents the results of a voluntary web-based inventory survey of public street and area lighting across the U.S. undertaken during the latter half of 2013.This survey attempts to access information about the national inventory in a “bottoms-up” manner, going directly to owners and operators. Adding to previous “top down” estimates, it is intended to improve understanding of the role of public outdoor lighting in national energy use.

  19. Outdoor performance stability and controlled light-soak testing of amorphous silicon multijunction modules at NREL

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mrig, L.; Burdick, J.; Luft, W.; Kroposki, B.

    1994-12-31

    The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) has been testing amorphous silicon (a-Si) Photovoltaic (PV) modules for more than a decade. NREL has been conducting controlled light-soak testing of multijunction a-Si modules to characterize their performance for stability evaluation as well as to benchmark the technology status. Some of the test modules, after controlled light-soak testing, have been installed outdoors. The authors have observed that under outdoor exposure, the modules further degrade in performance, possibly due to lower outdoor temperatures and varying spectra. The paper presents data on the light-induced degradation for the third controlled light-soak test on multijunction a-Si modules as well as outdoor performance data on single- and multijunction modules under prevailing conditions.

  20. Outdoor performance stability and controlled light-soak testing of amorphous silicon multijunction modules at NREL

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mrig, L.; Burdick, J.; Luft, W.; Kroposki, B.

    1995-10-01

    The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) has been testing amorphous silicon (a-Si) Photovoltaic (PV) modules for more than a decade. NREL has been conducting controlled light-soak testing of multifunction a-Si modules to characterize their performance for stability evaluation as well as to benchmark the technology status. Some of the test modules, after controlled light-soak testing, have been installed outdoors. The authors have observed that under outdoor exposure, the modules further degrade in performance, possibly due to lower outdoor temperatures and varying spectra. The paper presents data on the light-induced degradation for the third controlled light-soak test on multijunction a-Si modules as well as outdoor performance data on single and multijunction modules under prevailing conditions.

  1. Outdoor Solid-State Lighting Technology Deployment | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousMathematicsEnergyInterested Parties -DepartmentAvailableHighOffice|OrderEnergy OrlandoOutdoor

  2. Big Savings on Outdoor Lighting | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels DataEnergy Webinar:I DueBETO Quiz -Technologies forBig Savings on Outdoor

  3. Hierarchical Lighting Simulation for Outdoor Scenes Katja Daubert, Hartmut Schirmacher

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    challengesfor state- of-the-art technology.One such challenge is the accurateand efficientsimulation of light

  4. Meters

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass map shines light on dark matter ByMentor-ProtegeFrom theAvailableMetamaterialsH.sc 620

  5. CALiPER Snapshot Report: Outdoor Area Lighting

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    none,

    2014-07-01

    Snapshot reports use data from DOE's LED Lighting Facts product list to compare the LED performance to standard technologies, and are designed to help lighting retailers, distributors, designers, utilities, energy efficiency program sponsors, and other stakeholders understand the current state of the LED market and its trajectory.

  6. Lighting the Great Outdoors: LEDs in Exterior Applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cook, Tyson D. S.; Bryan, Mary M.; Kinzey, Bruce R.; Myer, Michael

    2008-08-17

    Recent progress in the development of white light LEDs promises great impact by opening up the huge potential for LED illumination in new areas. One such area is general illumination for exterior applications. For example, there are an estimated combined 60.5 million roadway and parking installations in the U.S. These lights account for an estimated 53.3 TWh of electricity usage annually -- nearly 7% of all lighting. If LEDs could provide the same light performance with just 25% greater efficiency, savings of over 13 TWh could be achieved. In 2007, the authors assessed emerging LED lighting technologies in a parking garage and on a city street. The purpose of these tests was to enable a utility to determine whether energy efficiency programs promoting white light LED products might be justified. The results have supported the great promise of LEDs in exterior applications, while also highlighting the barriers that continue to hinder their widespread adoption. Such barriers include 1) inconsistent product quality across manufacturers; 2) lack of key metrics for comparing LEDs to conventional sources; and 3) high upfront cost of LED luminaires compared to conventional luminaires. This paper examines these barriers, ways in which energy-efficiency programs could help to overcome them, and the potential for energy and financial savings from LED lighting in these two exterior applications.

  7. Connected Outdoor Lighting Systems for Municipalities- Text-Alt Version

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Welcome, everyone. This is Bruce Kinzey with the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory and director of the U.S. Department of Energy's Municipal Solid-State Street Lighting Consortium. Welcome to...

  8. Energy Department Announces Outdoor Winners of Next Generation...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Outdoor Winners of Next Generation Luminaires(tm) Solid-State Lighting Design Competition Energy Department Announces Outdoor Winners of Next Generation Luminaires(tm) Solid-State...

  9. Metering Process

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Developing and implementing a metering plan is highly dependent on the individual facility's needs, mission, metering equipment, and available infrastructure. One size does not fit all.

  10. Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Note: Illinois is currently undergoing a rulemaking that would change its existing net metering rules. The proposed rules include provisions clarifying virtual net metering policies, facilitating...

  11. Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Kansas adopted the Net Metering and Easy Connection Act in May 2009, which established net metering for customers of investor-owned utilities (IOUs). 

  12. Electric Metering | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    The Forrestal electric meters provide daily read-outs and comparison of data on electricity consumption for overhead lighting and power outlets. The purpose is to measure...

  13. Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Missouri enacted legislation in June 2007 requiring all electric utilities—investor-owned utilities, municipal utilities, and electric cooperatives—to offer net metering to customers with systems...

  14. Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The ACC requires that net metering charges be assessed on a non-discriminatory basis. Any new or additional charges that would increase an eligible customer-generator's costs beyond those of other...

  15. Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Iowa's statutes do not explicitly authorize the Iowa Utilities Board (IUB) to mandate net metering, but this authority is implicit through the board's enforcement of PURPA and Iowa Code § 476.41 ...

  16. Net Metering

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    With these regulations, renewable energy systems with a capacity up to 25 kilowatts (kW) are eligible for net metering. Overall enrollment is limited to 1.5% of a utility's retail sales from the...

  17. Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Nevada's original net-metering law for renewable-energy systems was enacted in 1997 and amended in 2001, 2003, 2005, 2007, 2011, 2013, and 2015. Systems up to one megawatt (MW) in capacity that...

  18. Saturation meter

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gregurech, S.

    1984-08-01

    A saturation meter for use in a pressurized water reactor plant comprising a differential pressure transducer having a first and second pressure sensing means and an alarm. The alarm is connected to the transducer and is preset to activate at a level of saturation prior to the formation of a steam void in the reactor vessel.

  19. Lighting Design | Department of Energy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Design Lighting Design Energy-efficient indoor and outdoor lighting design focuses on ways to improve both the quality and efficiency of lighting. | Photo courtesy of...

  20. Many exterior entry and walkway lights in residential and commercial

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    be difficult since retail stocking is inconsistent. The Light-Emitting Diode (LED) Hybrid Outdoor Fixture

  1. Outdoor PV Degradation Comparison

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jordan, D. C.; Smith, R. M.; Osterwald, C. R.; Gelak, E.; Kurtz, S. R.

    2011-02-01

    As photovoltaic (PV) penetration of the power grid increases, it becomes vital to know how decreased power output; may affect cost over time. In order to predict power delivery, the decline or degradation rates must be determined; accurately. At the Performance and Energy Rating Testbed (PERT) at the Outdoor Test Facility (OTF) at the; National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) more than 40 modules from more than 10 different manufacturers; were compared for their long-term outdoor stability. Because it can accommodate a large variety of modules in a; limited footprint the PERT system is ideally suited to compare modules side-by-side under the same conditions.

  2. Proton recoil scintillator neutron rem meter

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Olsher, Richard H. (Los Alamos, NM); Seagraves, David T. (Los Alamos, NM)

    2003-01-01

    A neutron rem meter utilizing proton recoil and thermal neutron scintillators to provide neutron detection and dose measurement. In using both fast scintillators and a thermal neutron scintillator the meter provides a wide range of sensitivity, uniform directional response, and uniform dose response. The scintillators output light to a photomultiplier tube that produces an electrical signal to an external neutron counter.

  3. Combination of Indoor and Outdoor PositioningOutdoor Positioning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    (indoor, outdoor, urban, rural, remote) Active / passive sensors Accuracy (m ­ km) Application (industry of various building materials (L1 = 1500 MHz) Indoors: Positioning Requirements Overview of Systems GNSS

  4. Propeller Flow Meter 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Enciso, Juan; Santistevan, Dean; Hla, Aung K.

    2007-10-01

    Propeller flow meters are commonly used to measure water flow rate. They can also be used to estimate irrigation water use. This publication explains how to select, install, read and maintain propeller flow meters....

  5. LADWP- Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    LADWP allows its customers to net meter their photovoltaic (PV), wind, and hybrid systems with a capacity of not more than one megawatt. LADWP will provide the necessary metering equipment unless...

  6. Metering Systems | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Systems Metering Systems A variety of metering systems are currently on the market for Federal facility implementation. The information below outlines common metering system...

  7. Guam- Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Eligibility and Availability In 2004, Guam enacted legislation requiring the Guam Power Authority (GPA) to allow net metering for customers with fuel cells, microturbines, wind energy, biomass, ...

  8. Types of Lighting | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    selection. Types of lighting include: Fluorescent Incandescent Outdoor solar Light-emitting diode (LED) Also learn how energy-efficient lightbulbs compare to traditional...

  9. Pedestrian-Friendly Nighttime Lighting

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This November 19, 2013 webinar presented issues and considerations related to pedestrian-friendly nighttime lighting, such as color rendering, safety, and adaptation. When it comes to outdoor...

  10. DC attenuation meter

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hargrove, Douglas L.

    2004-09-14

    A portable, hand-held meter used to measure direct current (DC) attenuation in low impedance electrical signal cables and signal attenuators. A DC voltage is applied to the signal input of the cable and feedback to the control circuit through the signal cable and attenuators. The control circuit adjusts the applied voltage to the cable until the feedback voltage equals the reference voltage. The "units" of applied voltage required at the cable input is the system attenuation value of the cable and attenuators, which makes this meter unique. The meter may be used to calibrate data signal cables, attenuators, and cable-attenuator assemblies.

  11. Outdoor Solar Lighting | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (BillionProvedTravelInformationCollection Request Title:of2 OilOregon Public UtilityElectricity &

  12. Outdoor Area Lighting | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyTher i nAandSummary Areas of the countryofPROGRAM |TechnologyDepartment ofOurAThis

  13. Outdoor Lighting Resources | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousMathematicsEnergyInterested Parties -DepartmentAvailableHighOffice|OrderEnergy Orlando

  14. Lesson Plan: Power Metering

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Power Metering Project Grades: 9-12 Topic: Energy Basics Owner: ACTS This educational material is brought to you by the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Energy Efficiency and...

  15. Economics of Energy Metering 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duncan, J. D.

    1979-01-01

    become necessary to accurately measure energy usage (primarily fuel and steam) throughout the plant. There are currently several projects in the million dollar range to upgrade and add new metering to these flows. This paper will discuss the justification...

  16. Western Meter Policy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    for the Real-Time Data that is not connected to the same CT source as the primary meter. Relay quality CTs are acceptable for the ADS. The ADS shall be transmitted via a second...

  17. PSEG Long Island- Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Although PSEG Long Island’s net metering policy is not governed by the State’s net metering law, the provisions are similar to the State law. Net metering is available for residential, non-reside...

  18. Washington City Power- Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Washington City adopted a net-metering program, including interconnection procedures, in January 2008.* Net metering is available to residential and commercial customers that generate electricity...

  19. Neutron dose equivalent meter

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Olsher, Richard H. (Los Alamos, NM); Hsu, Hsiao-Hua (Los Alamos, NM); Casson, William H. (Los Alamos, NM); Vasilik, Dennis G. (Los Alamos, NM); Kleck, Jeffrey H. (Menlo Park, CA); Beverding, Anthony (Foster City, CA)

    1996-01-01

    A neutron dose equivalent detector for measuring neutron dose capable of accurately responding to neutron energies according to published fluence to dose curves. The neutron dose equivalent meter has an inner sphere of polyethylene, with a middle shell overlying the inner sphere, the middle shell comprising RTV.RTM. silicone (organosiloxane) loaded with boron. An outer shell overlies the middle shell and comprises polyethylene loaded with tungsten. The neutron dose equivalent meter defines a channel through the outer shell, the middle shell, and the inner sphere for accepting a neutron counter tube. The outer shell is loaded with tungsten to provide neutron generation, increasing the neutron dose equivalent meter's response sensitivity above 8 MeV.

  20. Mobile Phones and Outdoor Advertising: Measurable Advertising

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Quercia, Daniele

    Television and newspapers sit at the top of many agency marketing plans, while outdoor advertising stays at the

  1. CBEA LED Site Lighting Specification - Version 1.3, Released...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    cbealedsitelightingspec.pdf More Documents & Publications CBEA High-Efficiency Parking Structure Lighting Specification FEMP Outdoor Solid-State Lighting Intiative:...

  2. Elbow mass flow meter

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    McFarland, Andrew R. (College Station, TX); Rodgers, John C. (Santa Fe, NM); Ortiz, Carlos A. (Bryan, TX); Nelson, David C. (Santa Fe, NM)

    1994-01-01

    Elbow mass flow meter. The present invention includes a combination of an elbow pressure drop generator and a shunt-type mass flow sensor for providing an output which gives the mass flow rate of a gas that is nearly independent of the density of the gas. For air, the output is also approximately independent of humidity.

  3. Portable wastewater flow meter

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hunter, Robert M. (320 S. Wilson Ave., Bozeman, MT 59715)

    1999-02-02

    A portable wastewater flow meter particularly adapted for temporary use at a single location in measuring the rate of liquid flow in a circular entrance conduit of a sewer manhole both under free flow and submerged, open channel conditions and under fill pipe, surcharged conditions, comprising an apparatus having a cylindrical external surface and an inner surface that constricts the flow through the apparatus in such a manner that a relationship exists between (1) the difference between the static pressure head of liquid flowing through the entrance of the apparatus and the static pressure head of liquid flowing through the constriction, and (2) the rate of liquid flow through the apparatus.

  4. Portable wastewater flow meter

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hunter, Robert M. (320 S. Wilson Ave., Bozeman, MT 59715)

    1990-01-01

    A portable wastewater flow meter particularly adapted for temporary use at a single location in measuring the rate of liquid flow in a circular entrance conduit of a sewer manhole both under free flow and submerged, open channel conditions and under full pipe, surcharged conditions, comprising an apparatus having a cylindrical external surface and an inner surface that constricts the flow through the apparatus in such a manner that a relationship exists between (1) the difference between the static pressure head of liquid flowing through the entrance of the apparatus and the static pressure head of liquid flowing through the constriction, and (2) the rate of liquid flow through the apparatus.

  5. Lead exposure at uncovered outdoor firing ranges

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Goldberg, R.L.; Hicks, A.M.; O'Leary, L.M.; London, S. (University of Southern California School of Medicine, Los Angeles (USA))

    1991-06-01

    Excessive lead exposure in shooting instructors at indoor firing ranges and covered outdoor firing ranges has been documented. The City of Los Angeles assessed exposure of its full-time shooting instructors at uncovered outdoor ranges via air monitoring and blood lead-level measurements. Results of these tests revealed that significant lead exposure and absorption can occur at outdoor firing ranges. The use of copper-jacketed ammunition may decrease air lead levels and decrease lead absorption by range instructors.

  6. Outdoor Recreation Participation Trends in Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schuett, Michael A.; Shafer, Carl Scott; Lu, Jiaying

    2009-01-06

    Outdoor recreation is a popular pastime in Texas. This publication reports on the participation and trends in outdoor recreation in the U.S. and Texas revealed in the National Survey on Recreation and the Environment conducted by the U.S. Forest...

  7. Development of an Outdoor Temperature-Based Control Algorithm...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Development of an Outdoor Temperature-Based Control Algorithm for Residential Mechanical Ventilation Control Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Development of an Outdoor...

  8. Gerson Recinos Onramp Metering System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kachroo, Pushkin

    Gerson Recinos Onramp Metering System Using Arduino and Processing Overview­ For this project I built an Onramp Metering System using Arduino and Processing. The Microcontroller used was Arduino (based on Atmel168) and the programming languages were Processing and Wiring (derivative

  9. Application Assessment of Bi-Level LED Parking Lot Lighting

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2009-02-01

    This report summarizes an assessment project conducted to evaluate light-emitting diode (LED) luminaires with bi-level operation in an outdoor parking lot application.

  10. Working with Cities to Light Our Streets Better | Department...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Mechanisms, the High Performance Outdoor Lighting Accelerator, and More DOE Announces Webinars on High Performance Space Conditioning Systems, Tribal Renewable Energy, and More...

  11. Safety assessment of outdoor live fire range

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1989-05-01

    The following Safety Assessment (SA) pertains to the outdoor live fire range facility (LFR). The purpose of this facility is to supplement the indoor LFR. In particular it provides capacity for exercises that would be inappropriate on the indoor range. This SA examines the risks that are attendant to the training on the outdoor LFR. The outdoor LFR used by EG&G Mound is privately owned. It is identified as the Miami Valley Shooting Grounds. Mondays are leased for the exclusive use of EG&G Mound.

  12. U.S. Lighting Market Characterization Volume I: National Lighting Inventory and Energy Consumption Estimate Final Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None, None

    2002-09-01

    Multiyear study to evaluate light sources and identify opportunities for saving energy. This report estimates energy consumption for residential, commercial, industrial, and outdoor stationary.

  13. Meters Roads N Streams

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass map shines light on dark matter ByMentor-ProtegeFrom theAvailableMetamaterialsH.sc

  14. Physical Layer Characteristics and Techniques for Visible Light Communications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cui, Kaiyun

    2012-01-01

    and B. Gallagher. Using led lighting for ubiquitous indoorcommunications using white led lighting. IEEE J. on Sel.based on either indoor LED lighting or outdoor LED tra?c

  15. Light, Nearwork, and Visual Environment Risk Factors in Myopia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alvarez, Amanda Aleksandra

    2012-01-01

    of time outdoors and light levels as risk factors for myopiaH. C. (1995). Constant light produces severe cornealNg, H. , & Phillips, J. (2011) Light exposure patterns in

  16. Gamma radiation field intensity meter

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Thacker, L.H.

    1995-10-17

    A gamma radiation intensity meter measures dose rate of a radiation field. The gamma radiation intensity meter includes a tritium battery emitting beta rays generating a current which is essentially constant. Dose rate is correlated to an amount of movement of an electroscope element charged by the tritium battery. Ionizing radiation decreases the voltage at the element and causes movement. A bleed resistor is coupled between the electroscope support element or electrode and the ionization chamber wall electrode. 4 figs.

  17. Gamma radiation field intensity meter

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Thacker, L.H.

    1994-08-16

    A gamma radiation intensity meter measures dose rate of a radiation field. The gamma radiation intensity meter includes a tritium battery emitting beta rays generating a current which is essentially constant. Dose rate is correlated to an amount of movement of an electroscope element charged by the tritium battery. Ionizing radiation decreases the voltage at the element and causes movement. A bleed resistor is coupled between the electroscope support element or electrode and the ionization chamber wall electrode. 4 figs.

  18. Healthcare Energy Metering Guidance (Brochure)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2011-07-01

    This brochure is intended to help facility and energy managers plan and prioritize investments in energy metering. It offers healthcare-specific examples of metering applications, benefits, and steps that other health systems can reproduce. It reflects collaborative input from the U.S. Department of Energy national laboratories and the health system members of the DOE Hospital Energy Alliance's Benchmarking and Measurement Project Team.

  19. Gamma radiation field intensity meter

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Thacker, Louis H. (Knoxville, TN)

    1995-01-01

    A gamma radiation intensity meter measures dose rate of a radiation field. The gamma radiation intensity meter includes a tritium battery emitting beta rays generating a current which is essentially constant. Dose rate is correlated to an amount of movement of an electroscope element charged by the tritium battery. Ionizing radiation decreases the voltage at the element and causes movement. A bleed resistor is coupled between the electroscope support element or electrode and the ionization chamber wall electrode.

  20. Gamma radiation field intensity meter

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Thacker, Louis H. (Knoxville, TN)

    1994-01-01

    A gamma radiation intensity meter measures dose rate of a radiation field. The gamma radiation intensity meter includes a tritium battery emitting beta rays generating a current which is essentially constant. Dose rate is correlated to an amount of movement of an electroscope element charged by the tritium battery. Ionizing radiation decreases the voltage at the element and causes movement. A bleed resistor is coupled between the electroscope support element or electrode and the ionization chamber wall electrode.

  1. Insert metering plates for gas turbine nozzles

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Burdgick, Steven S.; Itzel, Gary; Chopra, Sanjay; Abuaf, Nesim; Correia, Victor H.

    2004-05-11

    The invention comprises a metering plate which is assembled to an impingement insert for use in the nozzle of a gas turbine. The metering plate can have one or more metering holes and is used to balance the cooling flow within the nozzle. A metering plate with multiple holes reduces static pressure variations which result from the cooling airflow through the metering plate. The metering plate can be assembled to the insert before or after the insert is inserted into the nozzle.

  2. Energy Theft in the Advanced Metering Infrastructure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McDaniel, Patrick Drew

    energy management services such as fine grained pricing schemes, automatic meter reading, demand response

  3. Hardware Metering: A Survey Farinaz Koushanfar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -fabrication. Metering is particularly needed in the hori- zontal semiconductor business model where the design houses is a precursor for metering: In passive metering, each ICs is specifi- cally identified, either in terms of its passive and active hardware metering methods available. Electrical and Computer Engineering Department

  4. Lighting

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverseIMPACTThousand CubicResourcelogo and-E C H N13,CenterCenterLighting Sign In

  5. Terrain sensing and estimation for dynamic outdoor mobile robots

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ward, Christopher Charles

    2007-01-01

    In many applications, mobile robots are required to travel on outdoor terrain at high speed. Compared to traditional low-speed, laboratory-based robots, outdoor scenarios pose increased perception and mobility challenges ...

  6. FEMP Outdoor Solid-State Lighting Intiative: Resources for Outdoor SSL

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyTher i n cEnergyNaturaldefines and2010ESPC ProjectPlanning to Project

  7. FEMP Outdoor Solid State Lighting Intiative: Resources for Outdoor SSL Applications

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum12, 2015Executive Order14, 2011 CX-006821:for Energy Conservation |

  8. Meters

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformationJesse BergkampCentermillionStockpile Stewardship NationalMEMS: Insideand RP-1

  9. REFRIGERATED BEVERAGE VENDING MACHINE OUTDOOR LOCATION AND ELEVATED (90 F) OUTDOOR TEMPERATURE ANALYSIS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wei, Max

    2014-01-01

    1 Snack FRIDAY 2nd Floor. 2 Beverage Total BVM CoffeeOutdoor BVM GARINGER Breezeway. 1 Beverage GARRINGER 2ndACE BRAND Canteen Total BVM ACE PEPSI ACE LSIC ACE PEPSI ACE

  10. Outdoor Laboratory Water System Clemson, SC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stuart, Steven J.

    2000. Since we are only a distribution system, we do not actually filter or treat our water System is supplied by Duke Water Systems, Hartwell Lake Filter Plant which draw its water from the U1 Outdoor Laboratory Water System Clemson, SC 2000 Annual Water-Quality Report Clemson University

  11. Outdoor Laboratory Water System Clemson, SC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stuart, Steven J.

    1999. Since we are only a distribution system, we do not actually filter or treat our water System is supplied by Duke Water Systems, Hartwell Lake Filter Plant which draw its water from the U1 Outdoor Laboratory Water System Clemson, SC 1999 Annual Water-Quality Report Clemson University

  12. Federal Building Metering Guidance (Per U.S.C. 8253(e), Metering...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Guidance (Per U.S.C. 8253(e), Metering of Energy Use) Federal Building Metering Guidance (Per U.S.C. 8253(e), Metering of Energy Use) Guidance defines which federal buildings are...

  13. Adaptation of Lighting Styles from Traditional Paintings to Computer Generated Scenes 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Malik, Muzammil Abdul

    2012-10-19

    ......................................................................................................................... 73 viii LIST OF FIGURES Page 1. An example of selective lighting [31] ................................................................... 12 2. An example of outdoor evening lighting [32...] ....................................................... 13 3. An example of outdoor midday lighting [32] ........................................................ 14 4. “Sunflowers” (1988) by Vincent Van Gogh [34] .................................................. 15 5. “The Tragedy” (1903) by Pablo...

  14. Outdoor Water Use Conservation through Native Plants Shapiro, Chan, Carson, Tayag Outdoor Water Use Conservation through Native Plants

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pasternack, Gregory B.

    Outdoor Water Use Conservation through Native Plants Shapiro, Chan, Carson, Tayag Outdoor Water Use, the front lawn is one of the greatest consumers of outdoor water use. Because of population growth, water is becoming scarcer every year and thus it is important to find ways to change our water consumption so

  15. Government Program Briefing: Smart Metering

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Doris, E.; Peterson, K.

    2011-09-01

    This document is adapted and updated from a memo delivered to the City Council of New Orleans, the office of the Mayor of New Orleans, the Chairperson of the Citizen Stakeholders Group (New Orleans Energy Task Force) and the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Project Officer in March 2008. This briefing piece provides an overview of the benefits, costs, and challenges of smart metering.

  16. Government Program Briefing: Smart Metering

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    This document is adapted and updated from a memo delivered to the City Council of New Orleans, the office of the Mayor of New Orleans, the Chairperson of the Citizen Stakeholders Group (New Orleans Energy Task Force) and the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Project Officer in March 2008. This briefing piece provides an overview of the benefits, costs, and challenges of smart metering.

  17. A model personal energy meter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hay, Simon

    2011-10-11

    (PerCom 2010), Mannheim, Germany. Winner of the Mark Weiser Best Paper Award. DOI: 10.1109/PERCOM.2010.5466991 • Andrew Rice and Simon Hay. Measuring mobile phone energy consumption for 802.11 wireless networking. Pervasive and Mobile Computing, Volume... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 2.2.2 Persuasive technologies for physical activity . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 2.2.3 Persuasive technologies for energy consumption . . . . . . . . . . . 39 2.3 Metering electricity consumption . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42 2...

  18. THE ACCESS ALMANAC - Making Parking Meters Popular

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shoup, Donald

    2014-01-01

    market prices for curb parking, spend the revenue to improvechanging the politics of parking, cities can meter more ofair, and a cooler planet. Parking meters can then do a world

  19. Algorithms for revenue metering and their evaluation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martinez-Lagunes, Rodrigo

    2000-01-01

    definitions for non-sinusoidal and/or unbalanced conditions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 3. Definitions for polyphase circuits, . . 16 C. Metering standards... . . . . . . . . , . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . , . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ?. .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 D. Conclusions. 21 III IMPLEMENTATION ISSUES 23 A. Introduction. B. Implementation of digital revenue meters C, Integration of digital revenue meters. 1. Communication architecture and protocols . . 2. Utility communication architecture (UCA...

  20. Model Specification for Networked Outdoor Lighting Control Systems |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankADVANCED MANUFACTURING OFFICESpecialAPPENDIX F Wetlandsof Energy Model Repair

  1. Summer Loving-Energy-Efficient Outdoor Lighting! | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Financing ToolInternational Affairs, Before the CommitteeYears 2003Summer Loving-Energy-Efficient

  2. DOE Publishes GATEWAY Report on Pedestrian Friendly Outdoor Lighting |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum Based| Department ofRefrigeratorsDepartment ofHeat

  3. DOE Publishes GATEWAY Report on Pedestrian Friendly Outdoor Lighting |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum Based| Department ofRefrigeratorsDepartment ofHeatDepartment of Energy

  4. Net Metering | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc Jump to: navigation,MeregNIFESpinningLtd JumpPFAN) | OpenUNEPNet Metering Jump

  5. lighting in the library

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    lamp produces about 1750 lumens. Footcandle: a lumen of light distributed over a 1-square-foot (0.09-square-meter) area. Ideal Illumination: the minimum number of footcandles...

  6. Determining Outdoor CPV Cell Temperature: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Muller, M.; Deline, C.; Marion, B.; Kurtz, S.; Bosco, N.

    2011-07-01

    An accurate method is needed for determining cell temperature when measuring CPV modules outdoors. It has been suggested that cell temperature can be calculated though a procedure that shutters sunlight to the cells while measuring the transients in open-circuit voltage (Voc) and heat sink temperature. This paper documents application of this shutter procedure to multiple CPV modules at NREL. The challenges and limitations are presented along with an alternate approach to measuring CPV cell operating temperature.

  7. The TAMU Outdoors Program: a case study 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kott, Patsy L

    1990-01-01

    the Memorial Student Center. The MSC agreed to allow the TAMU Outdoors program to retain the storage locations at the Grove for the rental operation. A student was hired as equipment manager and the inventory was sorted into different catagories ? -rentable..., \\ repairable, and discardable. Items in the rentable catagory were in quality condition and ready to be checked out, items. that were repairable were worked on until rentable, and those items in bad disrepair were discarded. Procedures for reservation...

  8. PQMII POWER QUALITY METER INSTRUCTION MANUAL 11 PQMII Power Quality Meter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meyers, Steven D.

    #12;#12;#12;PQMII POWER QUALITY METER ­ INSTRUCTION MANUAL 1­1 PQMII Power Quality Meter Chapter 1 Multilin PQMII Power Quality Meter is an ideal choice for continuous monitoring of a single or three-phase system. It provides metering for current, voltage, real power, reactive power, apparent power, energy use

  9. City of St. George- Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The St. George City Council adopted a net-metering program for area utilities, including interconnection procedures, in October 2005.* The interconnection procedures include different requirements,...

  10. Table 12. Advanced metering, 2007 through 2013

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Iowa" "Technology by sector", 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010, 2009, 2008, 2007 "AMR meters",744438,722583,713567,710239,697696,559054,139256 "Residential",646196,624355,620170,615649,61235...

  11. Table 12. Advanced metering, 2007 through 2013

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Georgia" "Technology by sector", 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010, 2009, 2008, 2007 "AMR meters",627008,613969,521331,487830,435276,317642,295425 "Residential",556807,552232,467749,440914,39...

  12. Table 12. Advanced metering, 2007 through 2013

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Connecticut" "Technology by sector", 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010, 2009, 2008, 2007 "AMR meters",1469876,1481357,1496432,1536716,1530906,1534171,1478640 "Residential",1324280,1334604,135...

  13. Table 12. Advanced metering, 2007 through 2013

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Florida" "Technology by sector", 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010, 2009, 2008, 2007 "AMR meters",3395748,3755977,3637527,3231398,3216922,2579337,2416630 "Residential",3139468,3455396,3325863...

  14. Table 12. Advanced metering, 2007 through 2013

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Virginia" "Technology by sector", 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010, 2009, 2008, 2007 "AMR meters",2978913,3094379,3079891,3159249,3047610,3053272,2934487 "Residential",2742598,2851174,284125...

  15. Table 12. Advanced metering, 2007 through 2013

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Minnesota" "Technology by sector", 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010, 2009, 2008, 2007 "AMR meters",1913337,1922706,1909106,1985873,1874104,1718448,363947 "Residential",1730915,1735168,173372...

  16. Table 12. Advanced metering, 2007 through 2013

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Colorado" "Technology by sector", 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010, 2009, 2008, 2007 "AMR meters",1643794,1552727,1622740,1636242,1495425,1410712,231119 "Residential",1491944,1425970,1502253...

  17. Table 12. Advanced metering, 2007 through 2013

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Maryland" "Technology by sector", 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010, 2009, 2008, 2007 "AMR meters",611045,877019,903093,889901,875440,845154,725634 "Residential",549148,799807,823936,815476,8...

  18. Table 12. Advanced metering, 2007 through 2013

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Rhode Island" "Technology by sector", 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010, 2009, 2008, 2007 "AMR meters",471388,470428,467346,457508,458475,451138,450668 "Residential",461380,461788,460721,4094...

  19. Table 12. Advanced metering, 2007 through 2013

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Dakota" "Technology by sector", 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010, 2009, 2008, 2007 "AMR meters",274775,171896,165282,181060,149553,123861,41003 "Residential",225851,141249,139162,154904,1293...

  20. Table 12. Advanced metering, 2007 through 2013

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Delaware" "Technology by sector", 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010, 2009, 2008, 2007 "AMR meters",116714,114296,113252,405728,56702,110087,20750 "Residential",105342,103234,102397,364709,526...

  1. Table 12. Advanced metering, 2007 through 2013

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Michigan" "Technology by sector", 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010, 2009, 2008, 2007 "AMR meters",337976,324455,314211,359361,333902,272851,189606 "Residential",292051,283561,272718,318011,2...

  2. Table 12. Advanced metering, 2007 through 2013

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Mexico" "Technology by sector", 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010, 2009, 2008, 2007 "AMR meters",214695,229210,220279,228503,244759,216434,112719 "Residential",192195,206606,198130,207663,226...

  3. Table 12. Advanced metering, 2007 through 2013

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Illinois" "Technology by sector", 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010, 2009, 2008, 2007 "AMR meters",997408,973664,998081,1002378,973505,851285,549055 "Residential",888394,869121,894434,902092,...

  4. Table 12. Advanced metering, 2007 through 2013

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Kansas" "Technology by sector", 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010, 2009, 2008, 2007 "AMR meters",349836,335293,320708,400083,308859,300734,53919 "Residential",303782,289091,276856,343492,2646...

  5. Table 12. Advanced metering, 2007 through 2013

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Mississippi" "Technology by sector", 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010, 2009, 2008, 2007 "AMR meters",273118,136678,116456,144254,103645,91623,24243 "Residential",237034,117623,101376,130228,...

  6. Table 12. Advanced metering, 2007 through 2013

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Arizona" "Technology by sector", 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010, 2009, 2008, 2007 "AMR meters",380098,339368,314854,246497,666915,500476,354452 "Residential",342033,307265,287712,225362,63...

  7. Table 12. Advanced metering, 2007 through 2013

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Tennessee" "Technology by sector", 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010, 2009, 2008, 2007 "AMR meters",730599,309569,320041,45373,43870,43861,46240 "Residential",643429,276292,285239,41482,41208...

  8. Table 12. Advanced metering, 2007 through 2013

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Washington" "Technology by sector", 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010, 2009, 2008, 2007 "AMR meters",1715708,1681481,1656936,1611285,1326509,1346041,1143057 "Residential",1525473,1494345,1474...

  9. Table 12. Advanced metering, 2007 through 2013

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Oklahoma" "Technology by sector", 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010, 2009, 2008, 2007 "AMR meters",385000,430870,427117,459002,392071,400426,277880 "Residential",332981,377207,376188,400471,3...

  10. Table 12. Advanced metering, 2007 through 2013

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    United States" "Technology by sector", 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010 "AMR meters",48736538,48330822,45965762,48685043 "Residential",43728325,43455437,41451888,43913225...

  11. Table 12. Advanced metering, 2007 through 2013

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Pennsylvania" "Technology by sector", 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010, 2009, 2008, 2007 "AMR meters",1508995,2093902,2358735,2338527,2232621,2203630,1526540 "Residential",1283786,1854282,21...

  12. Table 12. Advanced metering, 2007 through 2013

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Alaska" "Technology by sector", 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010, 2009, 2008, 2007 "AMR meters",232888,233270,230916,221262,139874,58993,27057 "Residential",204000,206539,204690,195920,12497...

  13. Table 12. Advanced metering, 2007 through 2013

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Montana" "Technology by sector", 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010, 2009, 2008, 2007 "AMR meters",520018,495676,489407,482732,481682,397693,347611 "Residential",448313,430824,429479,423471,41...

  14. Table 12. Advanced metering, 2007 through 2013

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Carolina" "Technology by sector", 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010, 2009, 2008, 2007 "AMR meters",1848300,1816190,1809822,1897976,1700354,1510892,963079 "Residential",1621880,1600626,1596247...

  15. Table 12. Advanced metering, 2007 through 2013

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Massachusetts" "Technology by sector", 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010, 2009, 2008, 2007 "AMR meters",2815732,2753089,2717020,2634758,2605159,2389547,2327751 "Residential",2579059,2527224,2...

  16. Table 12. Advanced metering, 2007 through 2013

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Wyoming" "Technology by sector", 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010, 2009, 2008, 2007 "AMR meters",225895,210204,206764,147885,175769,139584,26178 "Residential",181206,166730,162523,114344,141...

  17. Table 12. Advanced metering, 2007 through 2013

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Ohio" "Technology by sector", 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010, 2009, 2008, 2007 "AMR meters",1068626,948564,727112,622965,563380,512000,277489 "Residential",976072,867682,680331,582725,5255...

  18. Table 12. Advanced metering, 2007 through 2013

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Nebraska" "Technology by sector", 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010, 2009, 2008, 2007 "AMR meters",535042,523950,503996,484383,454089,399845,380008 "Residential",451388,444819,430631,415589,3...

  19. Table 12. Advanced metering, 2007 through 2013

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Louisiana" "Technology by sector", 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010, 2009, 2008, 2007 "AMR meters",371841,357579,344263,342766,331557,283997,203389 "Residential",344167,330690,318544,316995,...

  20. Table 12. Advanced metering, 2007 through 2013

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Missouri" "Technology by sector", 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010, 2009, 2008, 2007 "AMR meters",1920471,1935078,1917474,1959937,1921343,1933413,1546006 "Residential",1696195,1709394,169806...

  1. Table 12. Advanced metering, 2007 through 2013

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Carolina" "Technology by sector", 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010, 2009, 2008, 2007 "AMR meters",3708639,3613936,3768269,4027965,3718103,3521887,2048869 "Residential",3322965,3255122,339690...

  2. Table 12. Advanced metering, 2007 through 2013

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Utah" "Technology by sector", 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010, 2009, 2008, 2007 "AMR meters",947887,931692,903266,912616,851283,791097,374299 "Residential",861955,849405,821766,814440,77296...

  3. Table 12. Advanced metering, 2007 through 2013

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    West Virginia" "Technology by sector", 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010, 2009, 2008, 2007 "AMR meters",520857,464502,473117,474077,436376,438764,448444 "Residential",439830,394660,399243,402...

  4. Table 12. Advanced metering, 2007 through 2013

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Idaho" "Technology by sector", 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010, 2009, 2008, 2007 "AMR meters",177493,168685,163567,142759,151004,146779,88220 "Residential",155125,147140,142398,122329,13372...

  5. Table 12. Advanced metering, 2007 through 2013

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Indiana" "Technology by sector", 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010, 2009, 2008, 2007 "AMR meters",1251574,1284613,1095102,1059678,1038172,951160,382580 "Residential",1115322,1167245,990346,96...

  6. Table 12. Advanced metering, 2007 through 2013

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Dakota" "Technology by sector", 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010, 2009, 2008, 2007 "AMR meters",162490,163750,181907,193350,89054,66943,33995 "Residential",140673,143049,159847,171557,79340,...

  7. Table 12. Advanced metering, 2007 through 2013

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Kentucky" "Technology by sector", 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010, 2009, 2008, 2007 "AMR meters",532871,607590,548321,495475,529171,526410,445146 "Residential",465927,534181,484008,439680,4...

  8. Table 12. Advanced metering, 2007 through 2013

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Texas" "Technology by sector", 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010, 2009, 2008, 2007 "AMR meters",2278989,2649814,2362245,2609078,3758758,2513848,1019510 "Residential",2073428,2396415,2160965,2...

  9. Table 12. Advanced metering, 2007 through 2013

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Oregon" "Technology by sector", 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010, 2009, 2008, 2007 "AMR meters",183897,173477,180073,180305,182669,179104,91950 "Residential",168007,158650,161735,163234,1679...

  10. Table 12. Advanced metering, 2007 through 2013

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    California" "Technology by sector", 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010, 2009, 2008, 2007 "AMR meters",827670,580957,431858,1696965,345864,238634,181180 "Residential",699209,481305,319842,15202...

  11. Table 12. Advanced metering, 2007 through 2013

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    York" "Technology by sector", 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010, 2009, 2008, 2007 "AMR meters",3052524,2515127,2328801,2223645,2164329,1701366,1534285 "Residential",2848664,2295268,2140229,20...

  12. Guidance on Microbial Contamination in Previously Flooded Outdoor Areas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guidance on Microbial Contamination in Previously Flooded Outdoor Areas Environmental Health Buford Highway NE (F-60) Atlanta, GA 30341 March 2011 #12;2 Guidance on Microbial Contamination in Previously Flooded Outdoor Areas Problem Statement Microbial contamination--both bacterial and viral

  13. Assessment of Demand Response and Advanced Metering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tesfatsion, Leigh

    #12;#12;2008 Assessment of Demand Response and Advanced Metering Staff Report Federal Energy metering penetration and potential peak load reduction from demand response have increased since 2006. Significant activity to promote demand response or to remove barriers to demand response occurred at the state

  14. Exposure to Particulate Matter and Ozone of Outdoor Origin in Singapore

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gall, Elliott T; Chen, Ailu; Chang, Victor; Nazaroff, William W

    2015-01-01

    home microenvironment, in proportion to the time previouslyin estimates of the indoor proportion of outdoor pollutants,model Indoor proportion of outdoor pollutants (IPOP) Time-

  15. Mode Meter - Energy Innovation Portal

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass map shines light on77 PAGEMission Mission Missionof EnergyJennings= a nMode

  16. Farmington Electric Utility System- Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Farmington Electric, a municipal utility, offers net metering to residential customers with systems up to 10 kilowatts (kW) in capacity. This option is available for photovoltaic (PV), wind, hydro...

  17. BPA Metering Services Editing and Estimating Procedures

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    be used to scale the estimated interval data with a shape projection applied. If SCADA data is available and has been mapped to the point of metering, it may be used for...

  18. Table 12. Advanced metering, 2007 through 2013

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    New Hampshire" "Technology by sector", 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010, 2009, 2008, 2007 "AMR meters",69251,61857,59512,53293,50098,48310,46505 "Residential",67647,60510,58467,47171,43959,4...

  19. Table 12. Advanced metering, 2007 through 2013

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Jersey" "Technology by sector", 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010, 2009, 2008, 2007 "AMR meters",38125,41827,35412,43254,27018,21054,8132 "Residential",35775,28906,23442,31700,15987,11031,726...

  20. Table 12. Advanced metering, 2007 through 2013

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Hawaii" "Technology by sector", 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010, 2009, 2008, 2007 "AMR meters",33662,57269,46871,44911,41201,28512,22820 "Residential",32688,53083,44459,42324,38779,26141,21...

  1. Table 12. Advanced metering, 2007 through 2013

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Nevada" "Technology by sector", 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010, 2009, 2008, 2007 "AMR meters",53483,38201,81499,78292,96058,81992,63856 "Residential",44206,30907,72579,69795,85984,74356,59...

  2. Table 12. Advanced metering, 2007 through 2013

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Vermont" "Technology by sector", 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010, 2009, 2008, 2007 "AMR meters",53266,44430,84409,81030,77963,71278,58477 "Residential",48343,39930,76274,73703,71100,65176,5...

  3. Table 12. Advanced metering, 2007 through 2013

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    District of Columbia" "Technology by sector", 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010, 2009, 2008, 2007 "AMR meters",2188,2991,4659,35987,29770,32000,3562 "Residential",1046,1722,3108,32964,27174,2...

  4. Table 12. Advanced metering, 2007 through 2013

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Maine" "Technology by sector", 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010, 2009, 2008, 2007 "AMR meters",6822,6415,5210,4499,116826,103242,101084 "Residential",6455,6075,4920,3375,101823,101363,99995...

  5. Murray City Power- Net Metering Pilot Program

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Under a pilot program, Murray City Power offers net metering to customers that generate electricity using photovoltaic (PV), wind-electric or hydroelectric systems with a maximum capacity of 10...

  6. Simon Fraser University Athletics & Recreation Employment Opportunity Head Instructor -Mountain Madness & Outdoor Adventures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kavanagh, Karen L.

    - Mountain Madness & Outdoor Adventures Position Title: Head Instructor - Mountain Madness & Outdoor camp, Mountain Madness and Outdoor Adventures. Both camps are full day, one week camps; Mountain Madness is for children 8-11 years and Outdoor Adventures is for children 11-14 years. Mountain Madness

  7. Heating Energy Meter Validation for Apartments 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cai, B.; Li, D.; Hao, B.

    2006-01-01

    Bedroom Dining No.1 Toilet room Bedroom Kitchen Dining room No.2 Toilet Kitchen Bedroom Fig 1 Standard cells? illustration 3 RELIABILITY ANALYZING OF HEAT METERS? DATA By the arduous work of workers, project group gain the data of 361 heat meters... and Building Saving Energy [M]. Beijing: Machine Industry Press, 2004.1, 269-414. (In Chinese) [3] Jinglang CAI, Zheng XU, Yingchao LI. Analyzing to Adjacent Rooms? Heat Transfer for Central Heating System [J]. Heating and Ventilating and Air...

  8. How to Read Residential Electric and Natural Gas Meters | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    How to Read Residential Electric and Natural Gas Meters How to Read Residential Electric and Natural Gas Meters An electromechanical electric meter on the side of a house. | Photo...

  9. OUTDOOR EDUCATION SUBJECT GUIDE -I/S STORY TELLING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fletcher, Robin

    Education Canadian Journal of Environmental Education Explore Green teacher Interactions: Ontario Society of Environmental Education Journal of Environmental Education Journal of Experiential Education Monograph / Ontario Association for Geographic & Environmental Education. Outdoor Canada Pathways Online: EnviroZine (Environment

  10. Spellbound : an activity-based outdoor mobile multiplayer game

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sra, Misha

    2013-01-01

    Traditional outdoor recreation is physically and emotionally rewarding from goal directed social activities and encourages a connection with the real world but can be logistically difficult. Online gaming allows people to ...

  11. GameBuilder, an outdoor AR creation software

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Chuan, M. Eng. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2010-01-01

    In this thesis, the author designed and implemented GameBuilder, a desktop application targeted towards 11-14 year olds for creating Outdoor AR games. The software attempts to reduce its learning curve by limiting the ...

  12. Bull Outdoor Products: Proposed Penalty (2015-CE-14014)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Bull Outdoor Products, Inc. failed to certify refrigerator basic model BC-130 as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards.

  13. Variation of total serum cholesterol with monthly outdoor temperature 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thornton, Kathleen Iris

    1990-01-01

    OF SCIENCE December 1990 Major Subject: Epidemiology VARIATION OF TOTAL SERUM CHOLESTEROL W1TH MONTHLY OUTDOOR TEMPERATURE A Thesis by KATHLEEN IRIS THORNTON Approved as to style and content by Leon H. Russell (Chair of Committee) Pete D. Teel... (Member) Timot y D. Phillips (Member) Gerald R. Bratton (Head of Department) December 1990 ABSTRACT Variation of Total Serum Cholesterol with Monthly Outdoor Temperature. (December 1990) Kathleen Iris Thornton, B. S. , Texas A&M University Chair...

  14. Secretary Chu Announces Two Million Smart Grid Meters Installed...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Secretary Chu Announces Two Million Smart Grid Meters Installed Nationwide Secretary Chu Announces Two Million Smart Grid Meters Installed Nationwide August 31, 2010 - 12:00am...

  15. Smart Meters Offer ‘Instant Gratification;’ Help Houston Homeowners Save

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    How can smart meters help you save on your electric bill? Homeowners in Houston see their savings in real time on Recovery-act funded smart meters.

  16. High Performance Computing Data Center Metering Protocol | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    High Performance Computing Data Center Metering Protocol High Performance Computing Data Center Metering Protocol Guide details the methods for measurement in High Performance...

  17. Solutia: Utilizing Sub-Metering to Drive Energy Project Approvals...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    plant. Solutia: Utilizing Sub-Metering to Drive Energy Project Approvals Through Data (July 2011) More Documents & Publications Nissan North America: How Sub-Metering...

  18. Metering Best Practices: A Guide to Achieving Utility Resource...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    information about energy and resource metering at federal facilities, including metering requirements under the Energy Policy Act of 2005. mbpg2015.pdf More Documents &...

  19. Demand Response and Smart Metering Policy Actions Since the Energy...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Demand Response and Smart Metering Policy Actions Since the Energy Policy Act of 2005: A Summary for State Officials Demand Response and Smart Metering Policy Actions Since the...

  20. Wireless Access Testbed through Visible Light and Dimming Compatible OFDM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Little, Thomas

    of driving a string of light-emitting diodes (LEDs) using a RPO-OFDM signal is proposed. The driver support by the National Science Foundation under Grant No. EEC-0812056. #12;2 1. Introduction The light-emitting diode (LED) is considered a dominant light source for future indoor as well as outdoor illumination

  1. Electrical Metering Equipment and Sensors Appendix D -Electrical Metering Equipment and Sensors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Appendix D ­ Electrical Metering Equipment and Sensors #12;D.1 Appendix D - Electrical Metering Equipment and Sensors D.1 Controllable Electrical Panel Figure D.1. Square D Power Link Electrical Panel D.1.1 Schneider Electric/Square D Power Link G3 Control System The Square D Powerlink G3 offers programmable

  2. Liquid metal Flow Meter - Final Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Andersen, C.; Hoogendoom, S.; Hudson, B.; Prince, J.; Teichert, K.; Wood, J.; Chase, K.

    2007-01-30

    Measuring the flow of liquid metal presents serious challenges. Current commercially-available flow meters use ultrasonic, electromagnetic, and other technologies to measure flow, but are inadequate for liquid metal flow measurement because of the high temperatures required by most liquid metals. As a result of the reactivity and high temperatures of most liquid metals, corrosion and leakage become very serious safety concerns. The purpose of this project is to develop a flow meter for Lockheed Martin that measures the flow rate of molten metal in a conduit.

  3. SOLVENT DISPERSION AND FLOW METER CALCULATION RESULTS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nash, C.; Fondeur, F.; Peters, T.

    2013-06-21

    Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) found that the dispersion numbers for the six combinations of CSSX:Next Generation Solvent (NGS) “blend” and pure NGS versus salt solution, caustic wash, and strip aqueous solutions are all good. The dispersion numbers are indications of processability with centrifugal contactors. A comparison of solvent physical and thermal properties shows that the Intek™ solvent flow meter in the plant has a reading biased high versus calibrated flow when NGS is used, versus the standard CSSX solvent. The flow meter, calibrated for CSSX solvent, is predicted to read 2.8 gpm of NGS in a case where the true flow of NGS is 2.16 gpm.

  4. Smart Meter Company Boosting Production, Workforce

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    A manufacturing facility in South Carolina is producing enough smart meters to reduce annual electricity use by approximately 1.7 million megawatt hours -- and through advanced manufacturing tax credits, just increased the facility's production capability by 20 percent and created 420 jobs.

  5. A CARBON METER FOR OPTIMISATION OF GOLD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mucina, Ladislav

    A CARBON METER FOR OPTIMISATION OF GOLD EXTRACTION IP COMMERCIALISATION Tom Hammond Business of technology The Carbon-in-Pulp (CIP) process is used as the primary gold extraction method in gold mines around the world. An observation that activated carbon added to the circuit is not well monitored

  6. Light at Night - The Latest Science

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tuenge, Jason R.

    2010-10-04

    Discussions about possible health implications of exposure to light at night run the gamut, but given the available research, should any changes be made to currently recommended lighting practices? A panel of leading experts was assembled to explore what today's science can tell us about light at night. While it remains unproven that typical exposures to outdoor lighting have negative health impacts, this cannot be ruled out without more data and a standard metric for quantifying the relevant light exposures. LED technology holds tremendous potential for energy savings, but it is not yet clear whether its spectral characteristics will offer advantages over other light sources in terms of vision and circadian entrainment.

  7. Indoor and Outdoor Spectroradiometer Intercomparison for Spectral Irradiance Measurement

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Habte, A.; Andreas, A.; Ottoson, L.; Gueymard, C.; Fedor, G.; Fowler, S.; Peterson, J.; Naranen, R.; Kobashi, T.; Akiyama, A.; Takagi, S.

    2014-05-01

    This report details the global spectral irradiance intercomparison using spectroradiometers that was organized by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory's Solar Radiation Research Laboratory. The intercomparison was performed both indoors and outdoors on September 17, 2013. Five laboratories participated in the intercomparison using 10 spectroradiometers, and a coordinated measurement setup and a common platform were employed to compare spectral irradiances under both indoor and outdoor conditions. The intercomparison aimed to understand the performance of the different spectroradiometers and to share knowledge in making spectral irradiance measurements. This intercomparison was the first of its kind in the United States.

  8. Natural gas vehicle fueling station dispenser meter evaluations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rowley, P.F.; Kriha, K.; Blazek, C.F. [Inst. of Gas Technology, Chicago, IL (United States)

    1995-12-31

    The Institute of Gas Technology (IGT) has constructed a multi-purpose meter evaluation facility capable of testing metering technologies for high flow rate and high pressure NGV dispenser applications. The objective of IGT`s meter evaluation program, sponsored by IGT`s Sustaining Membership Program and the Gas Research Institute, is to assist the industry in evaluating the performance and accuracy of currently available flowmeters that are being used or could be applied to CNG gas dispensing. These meters are tested at various flow rates and pressures to determine their performance under NGV fueling station operating conditions and to identify the performance characteristics and limitations for each meter. The metering technologies which are being evaluated under this program include Coriolis meter, sonic nozzle meter, and turbine meter designs.

  9. Community Net Energy Metering: How Novel Policies Expand Benefits of Net Metering to Non-Generators

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rose, James; Varnado, Laurel

    2009-04-01

    As interest in community solutions to renewable energy grows, more states are beginning to develop policies that encourage properties with more than one meter to install shared renewable energy systems. State net metering policies are evolving to allow the aggregation of multiple meters on a customer���¢��������s property and to dissolve conventional geographical boundaries. This trend means net metering is expanding out of its traditional function as an enabling incentive to offset onsite customer load at a single facility. This paper analyzes community net energy metering (CNEM) as an emerging vehicle by which farmers, neighborhoods, and municipalities may more easily finance and reap the benefits of renewable energy. Specifically, it aims to compare and contrast the definition of geographical boundaries among different CNEM models and examine the benefits and limitations of each approach. As state policies begin to stretch the geographic boundaries of net metering, they allow inventive solutions to encourage renewable energy investment. This paper attempts to initiate the conversation on this emerging policy mechanism and offers recommendations for further development of these policies.

  10. Fuel cell membrane hydration and fluid metering

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Jones, Daniel O. (Glenville, NY); Walsh, Michael M. (Fairfield, CT)

    2003-01-01

    A hydration system includes fuel cell fluid flow plate(s) and injection port(s). Each plate has flow channel(s) with respective inlet(s) for receiving respective portion(s) of a given stream of reactant fluid for a fuel cell. Each injection port injects a portion of liquid water directly into its respective flow channel. This serves to hydrate at least corresponding part(s) of a given membrane of the corresponding fuel cell(s). The hydration system may be augmented by a metering system including flow regulator(s). Each flow regulator meters an injecting at inlet(s) of each plate of respective portions of liquid into respective portion(s) of a given stream of fluid by corresponding injection port(s).

  11. Fuel cell membrane hydration and fluid metering

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Jones, Daniel O. (Glenville, NY); Walsh, Michael M. (Fairfield, CT)

    1999-01-01

    A hydration system includes fuel cell fluid flow plate(s) and injection port(s). Each plate has flow channel(s) with respective inlet(s) for receiving respective portion(s) of a given stream of reactant fluid for a fuel cell. Each injection port injects a portion of liquid water directly into its respective flow channel in order to mix its respective portion of liquid water with the corresponding portion of the stream. This serves to hydrate at least corresponding part(s) of a given membrane of the corresponding fuel cell(s). The hydration system may be augmented by a metering system including flow regulator(s). Each flow regulator meters an injecting at inlet(s) of each plate of respective portions of liquid into respective portion(s) of a given stream of fluid by corresponding injection port(s).

  12. Outdoor Adventure Program Adventure Trips Program and Special Events Graduate Assistant

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and operational expenses. Promote and market the Outdoor Adventure Program to the ODU community. Supervise staff compiling statistical information of participation in Trip program and the Outdoor Adventure Center or surfing. Knowledge of use and maintenance of various types of outdoor equipment. Knowledge

  13. Outdoor Outfitter Gets Greener With Solar Water Heater

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Using Recovery Act funding, L.L. Bean, the popular outdoor apparel company, recently installed a 180-tube solar hot water collector array on the roof of their flagship store in Freeport, Maine. Find out some how much energy and money they're saving thanks to the new solar installation.

  14. Laser and Vision Based Outdoor Object Mapping Bertrand Douillard

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Washington at SeattleUniversity of

    Laser and Vision Based Outdoor Object Mapping Bertrand Douillard ARC Centre of Excellence (CRF) to jointly classify laser returns in a 2D scan map into seven object types (car, wall, tree trunk triangulation of the laser map. Our model incorporates laser shape features, visual appearance features

  15. PLACEMENT OF OUTDOOR RECYCLING CONTAINERS AROUND UBC CAMPUS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    equipment, and compostable waste such as food, animal and yard waste. This new outdoor recycling container Waste Management holds several recycling programs to promote waste and litter reduction. Its waste management fleets collect recycling items such as paper products, cans and bottles, e-waste such as computer

  16. How to Read Your Electric Meter | Department of Energy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Your Electric Meter How to Read Your Electric Meter July 2, 2012 - 8:21pm Addthis The difference between one month's reading and the next is the amount of energy units that have...

  17. Solutia: Utilizing Sub-Metering to Drive Energy Project Approvals...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Solutia: Utilizing Sub-Metering to Drive Energy Project Approvals Through Data Solutia, Inc. has a long history with sub-metering, dating back to the construction of some of its...

  18. Compact gas meter assessment. Final report, May 1989-June 1990

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Corliss, J.M.

    1994-06-01

    The overall objective of the Arthur D. Little meter evaluation program was to conduct a comprehensive, comparative evaluation of six compact gas meter concepts to assess their overall near- and long-term commercialization potential, and to recommend to GRI any further developments necessary to assure introduction of compact gas meters into the marketplace.

  19. ECEEE SUMMER STUDY PROCEEDINGS 1991 Communicating `smartness': smart meter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oxford, University of

    ECEEE SUMMER STUDY PROCEEDINGS 1991 Communicating `smartness': smart meter installers in UK homes Coleraine BT52 1SA Northern Ireland Keywords smart metering, customer feedback, households, energy guid in Northern Ireland. All the participants have been involved in installing smart meters or semi-smart keypad

  20. Smart Meters | OpenEI Community

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc JumpHeter Battery Technology CoWanpingSilveiraSmallSmarr EMC JumpSmart Meters

  1. Net Metering Resources | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyTher i nAand DOEDepartment ofProgramImports by Pipeline intosomeofNeilnet metering

  2. Widget:GoalMeter | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EA EISTJThinWarsaw,What Is aDisqusHelper JumpFlashDetectGasMapGoalMeter Jump

  3. The 800-meter sample toroidal field conductor

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effectWorking With U.S. CoalMexicoConferencePrice (DollarsPortal800-meter sample

  4. Residential lighting: Use and potential savings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1996-09-01

    The 1993 Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS) was the first to permit the estimation of annual kilowatt hours (kWh) used for lighting. The survey contained more detailed questions about the number of indoor lights used for specific amounts of time and more detailed questions about the use of outdoor lights than did previous surveys. In addition to these basic questions on the Household Questionnaire, the 1993 RECS also included a supplementary questionnaire, administered to a subset of households, that contained more detailed information about the types of lights used in the household, the rooms in which they were located, and the amount of time they were used.

  5. De Minimis Thresholds for Federal Building Metering Appropriateness

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Henderson, Jordan W.

    2015-03-31

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is required by statute and Presidential Memorandum to establish guidelines for agencies to meter their Federal buildings for energy (electricity, natural gas, and steam) and water. See 42 U.S.C. § 8253(e). DOE issued guidance in February 2006 on the installation of electric meters in Federal buildings. A recent update to the 2006 guidance accounts for more current metering practices within the Federal Government. The updated metering guidance specifies that all Federal buildings shall be considered “appropriate” for energy or water metering unless identified for potential exclusion. In developing the updated guidance to carry out the statue, Congress also directed DOE to (among other things) establish exclusions from the metering requirements based on the de minimis quantity of energy use of a Federal building, industrial process, or structure. This paper discusses the method used to identify de minimis values.

  6. Method and apparatus for reading meters from a video image

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Lewis, Trevor J. (Irwin, PA); Ferguson, Jeffrey J. (North Huntingdon, PA)

    1997-01-01

    A method and system to enable acquisition of data about an environment from one or more meters using video images. One or more meters are imaged by a video camera and the video signal is digitized. Then, each region of the digital image which corresponds to the indicator of the meter is calibrated and the video signal is analyzed to determine the value indicated by each meter indicator. Finally, from the value indicated by each meter indicator in the calibrated region, a meter reading is generated. The method and system offer the advantages of automatic data collection in a relatively non-intrusive manner without making any complicated or expensive electronic connections, and without requiring intensive manpower.

  7. Contributions of artificial lighting sources on light pollution in Hong Kong measured through a night sky brightness monitoring network

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pun, Chun Shing Jason; Leung, Wai Yan; Wong, Chung Fai

    2014-01-01

    Light pollution is a form of environmental degradation in which excessive artificial outdoor lighting, such as street lamps, neon signs, and illuminated signboards, affects the natural environment and the ecosystem. Poorly designed outdoor lighting not only wastes energy, money, and valuable Earth resources, but also robs us of our beautiful night sky. Effects of light pollution on the night sky can be evaluated by the skyglow caused by these artificial lighting sources, through measurements of the night sky brightness (NSB). The Hong Kong Night Sky Brightness Monitoring Network (NSN) was established to monitor in detail the conditions of light pollution in Hong Kong. Monitoring stations were set up throughout the city covering a wide range of urban and rural settings to continuously measure the variations of the NSB. Over 4.6 million night sky measurements were collected from 18 distinct locations between May 2010 and March 2013. This huge dataset, over two thousand times larger than our previous survey, for...

  8. Insights from Smart Meters: Identifying Specific Actions, Behaviors...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    and Characteristics That Drive Savings in Behavior-Based Programs Insights from Smart Meters: Identifying Specific Actions, Behaviors, and Characteristics That Drive...

  9. Wavelength meter having single mode fiber optics multiplexed inputs

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hackel, Richard P. (Livermore, CA); Paris, Robert D. (San Ramon, CA); Feldman, Mark (Pleasanton, CA)

    1993-01-01

    A wavelength meter having a single mode fiber optics input is disclosed. The single mode fiber enables a plurality of laser beams to be multiplexed to form a multiplexed input to the wavelength meter. The wavelength meter can provide a determination of the wavelength of any one or all of the plurality of laser beams by suitable processing. Another aspect of the present invention is that one of the laser beams could be a known reference laser having a predetermined wavelength. Hence, the improved wavelength meter can provide an on-line calibration capability with the reference laser input as one of the plurality of laser beams.

  10. Energy Secretary Chu Announces Five Million Smart Meters Installed...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    TX) project involves deployment of a fully integrated advanced metering system and Web portal access to over 2.2 million customers and installation of advanced monitoring and...

  11. Improvements in Shallow (Two-Meter) Temperature Measurements...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Measurements and Data Interpretation Abstract The Great Basin Center for Geothermal Energy has been working on improvements in shallow (two-meter) temperature surveys in two...

  12. The Need for Essential Consumer Protections: Smart metering proposals...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    the move to time-based pricing. August 2010 More Documents & Publications Comments of Baltimore Gas & Electric Company The Need for Essential Consumer Protections: Smart Metering...

  13. The Need for Essential Consumer Protections: Smart Metering Proposals...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    and the Move to Time-Based Pricing More Documents & Publications Comments of Baltimore Gas & Electric Company The Need for Essential Consumer Protections: Smart metering...

  14. Optimization Online - A Security Framework for Smart Metering with ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cristina Rottondi

    2011-12-05

    Dec 5, 2011 ... A Security Framework for Smart Metering with Multiple Data Consumers. Cristina ... This paper proposes a framework for allowing information ...

  15. Smart Meters Helping Oklahoma Consumers Save Hundreds During...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Consumers Save Hundreds During Summer Heat Smart Meters Helping Oklahoma Consumers Save Hundreds During Summer Heat July 26, 2011 - 4:27pm Addthis Small business owner Steve...

  16. Wavelength meter having single mode fiber optics multiplexed inputs

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hackel, R.P.; Paris, R.D.; Feldman, M.

    1993-02-23

    A wavelength meter having a single mode fiber optics input is disclosed. The single mode fiber enables a plurality of laser beams to be multiplexed to form a multiplexed input to the wavelength meter. The wavelength meter can provide a determination of the wavelength of any one or all of the plurality of laser beams by suitable processing. Another aspect of the present invention is that one of the laser beams could be a known reference laser having a predetermined wavelength. Hence, the improved wavelength meter can provide an on-line calibration capability with the reference laser input as one of the plurality of laser beams.

  17. The Intersection of Net Metering and Retail Choice: An Overview...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    and defined five different theoretical models describing different ways competitive suppliers and utilities provide net metering options for their customers. They then provided...

  18. Shallow (2-meter) temperature surveys in Colorado

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zehner, Richard E.

    2012-02-01

    Citation Information: Originator: Geothermal Development Associates, Reno, Nevada Publication Date: 2012 Title: Colorado 2m Survey Edition: First Publication Information: Publication Place: Reno Nevada Publisher: Geothermal Development Associates, Reno, Nevada Description: Shallow temperature surveys are useful in early-stage geothermal exploration to delineate surface outflow zones, with the intent to identify the source of upwelling, usually a fault. Detailed descriptions of the 2-meter survey method and equipment design can be found in Coolbaugh et al. (2007) and Sladek et al. (2007), and are summarized here. The survey method was devised to measure temperature as far below the zone of solar influence as possible, have minimal equilibration time, and yet be portable enough to fit on the back of an all-terrain vehicle (ATV); Figure 2). This method utilizes a direct push technology (DPT) technique where 2.3 m long, 0.54” outer diameter hollow steel rods are pounded into the ground using a demolition hammer. Resistance temperature devices (RTD) are then inserted into the rods at 2-meter depths, and allowed to equilibrate for one hour. The temperatures are then measured and recorded, the rods pulled out of the ground, and re-used at future sites. Usually multiple rods are planted over the course of an hour, and then the sampler returns back to the first station, measures the temperatures, pulls the rods, and so on, to eliminate waiting time. At Wagon Wheel Gap, 32 rods were planted around the hot springs between June 20 and July 1, 2012. The purpose was to determine the direction of a possible upflow fault or other structure. Temperatures at 1.5m and 2m depths were measured and recorded in the attribute table of this point shapefile. Several anomalous temperatures suggest that outflow is coming from a ~N60W striking fault or shear zone that contains the quartz-fluorite-barite veins of the adjacent patented mining claims. It should be noted that temperatures at 2m depth vary according to the amount of solar heating from above, as well as possible geothermal heating from below. Spatial Domain: Extent: Top: 4490310.560635 m Left: 150307.008238 m Right: 433163.213617 m Bottom: 4009565.915398 m Contact Information: Contact Organization: Geothermal Development Associates, Reno, Nevada Contact Person: Richard “Rick” Zehner Address: 3740 Barron Way City: Reno State: NV Postal Code: 89511 Country: USA Contact Telephone: 775-737-7806 Spatial Reference Information: Coordinate System: Universal Transverse Mercator (UTM) WGS’1984 Zone 13N False Easting: 500000.00000000 False Northing: 0.00000000 Central Meridian: -105.00000000 Scale Factor: 0.99960000 Latitude of Origin: 0.00000000 Linear Unit: Meter Datum: World Geodetic System 1984 (WGS ’1984) Prime Meridian: Greenwich Angular Unit: Degree Digital Form: Format Name: Shape file

  19. Outdoor unit construction for an electric heat pump

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Draper, R.; Lackey, R.S.

    1984-09-11

    The outdoor unit for an electric heat pump is provided with an upper portion containing propeller fan means for drawing air through the lower portion containing refrigerant coil means in the form of four discrete coils connected together in a subassembly forming a W shape, the unit being provided with four adjustable legs which are retracted in shipment, and are adjusted on site to elevate the unit to a particular height suitable for the particular location in which the unit is installed. 4 figs.

  20. Outdoor unit construction for an electric heat pump

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Draper, Robert (Pittsburgh, PA); Lackey, Robert S. (Pittsburgh, PA)

    1984-01-01

    The outdoor unit for an electric heat pump is provided with an upper portion 10 containing propeller fan means 14 for drawing air through the lower portion 12 containing refrigerant coil means 16 in the form of four discrete coils connected together in a subassembly forming a W shape, the unit being provided with four adjustable legs 64 which are retracted in shipment, and are adjusted on site to elevate the unit to a particular height suitable for the particular location in which the unit is installed.

  1. Virtual Machine Power Metering and Provisioning Aman Kansal, Feng Zhao,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, Feng

    data centers have led to most new servers providing power usage measurement in hardware and alter- nateVirtual Machine Power Metering and Provisioning Aman Kansal, Feng Zhao, Jie Liu Microsoft Research of them is lack of power metering for virtual machines (VMs). Power man- agement requirements in modern

  2. Optimal Privacy-Preserving Energy Management for Smart Meters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Junshan

    Optimal Privacy-Preserving Energy Management for Smart Meters Lei Yang, Xu Chen, Junshan Zhang, Smart Grid, Data Privacy, Load Monitor, Cost Saving, Battery I. INTRODUCTION A. Motivation Smart meters, and H. Vincent Poor School of Electrical, Computer and Energy Engineering, Arizona State University

  3. A Global Personal Energy Meter University of Cambridge Computer Laboratory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cambridge, University of

    - sumption figures scaled by a predetermined factor for the type of energy used and divided equally amongstA Global Personal Energy Meter Simon Hay University of Cambridge Computer Laboratory Abstract of goods and provision of services. I envisage a personal energy meter which can record and apportion

  4. Smart Meter Deployment Optimization for Efficient Electrical Appliance State Monitoring

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Yongcai

    in such buildings, researches in the field of smart building and smart grid are exploring an efficient energy high costs to the smart meter deploy- ment, data collection and system maintenance. In practiceSmart Meter Deployment Optimization for Efficient Electrical Appliance State Monitoring Xiaohong

  5. Scalable Meter Data Collection in Smart Grids through Message Concatenation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Namboodiri, Vinod

    1 Scalable Meter Data Collection in Smart Grids through Message Concatenation Babak Karimi, Student The information communication and control layer of the smart grid brings about numerous advances, including and the grid operator's control center, as well as between the smart meter and consumer appliances, would

  6. Multiphase pumps and flow meters avoid platform construction

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Elde, J.

    1999-02-01

    One of the newest wrinkles in efficiency in BP`s Eastern Trough Area Project (ETAP) is the system for moving multiphase oil, water and gas fluids from the Machar satellite field to the Marnock Central Processing Facility (CPF). Using water-turbine-driven multiphase pumps and multiphase flow meters, the system moves fluid with no need for a production platform. In addition, BP has designed the installation so it reduces and controls water coning, thereby increasing recoverable reserves. Both subsea multiphase booster stations (SMUBS) and meters grew out of extensive development work and experience at Framo Engineering AS (Framo) in multiphase meters and multiphase pump systems for subsea installation. Multiphase meter development began in 1990 and the first subsea multiphase meters were installed in the East Spar Project in Australia in 1996. By September 1998, the meters had been operating successfully for more than 1 year. A single multiphase meter installed in Marathon`s West Brae Project has also successfully operated for more than 1 year. Subsea meters for ETAP were installed and began operating in July 1998.

  7. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INDUSTRIAL INFORMATICS 1 The Impact of Temperature on Outdoor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roedig, Utz

    support new areas such as industrial process automation and control applications. There are a large number sensor networks for industrial process automation and control applications in outdoor May 31, 2009 DRAFTIEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INDUSTRIAL INFORMATICS 1 The Impact of Temperature on Outdoor Industrial WSN

  8. CAPITAL PLANNING AND SPACE MANAGEMENT GUIDELINES FOR THE USE OF OUTDOOR SPACE ON THE CAMPUS OF

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CAPITAL PLANNING AND SPACE MANAGEMENT GUIDELINES FOR THE USE OF OUTDOOR SPACE ON THE CAMPUS SPACE AND OUTDOOR SPACE Capital Planning and Space Management offers event scheduling to student taking responsibility and agreeing to reimburse the University for the Cost of whatever damage

  9. Control of outdoor air source water heating using variable-speed heat pump

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dudley, K.F.; Paige, L.E.; Dunshee, K.B.; Voorhis, R.J.

    1991-10-01

    This patent describes a process of controlling an integrated heat pump system of the type. It comprises a variable speed compressor having a discharge port and a suction port; a water heater exchanger coupled to the discharge port of the compressor for heating water by transfer of heat from a compressed heat exchange fluid; an outdoor evaporator heat exchanger having an outdoor fan and a coil receiving the heat exchange fluid from the water heat exchanger and coupled also to the suction port of the compressor, for drawing heat from the outdoor air which heat is transferred to the water in the water heat exchanger; a controller having output channels to control an outdoor fan and the speed of the variable speed compressor and inputs respectively coupled to a water heater setpoint adjustment means, an outdoor air temperature sensor for sensing the outdoor temperature of the outdoor air; and a water temperature sensor for sensing the temperature of the water heated by the water heat exchanger; the process comprising the steps of sensing the outdoor temperature T{sub o}.

  10. Growing Minds: The Relationship Between Parental Attitudes About Children Spending Time Outdoors And Their Children's Overall Health 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hammond, Danielle E.

    2010-07-14

    The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between the attitudes of parents toward outdoor environments and their children spending time outdoors, and how these attitudes related to their children's ...

  11. The effects of outdoor heat exchanger hydrophobic treatment on the performance of an air source heat pump 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parker, Brandon DeWayne

    1995-01-01

    The effects of outdoor heat exchanger hydrophobic treatment on the performance of an air source heat pump were investigated. The base case tests used a bare aluminum outdoor heat exchanger in the experimental setup. The base case test results were...

  12. Embedded Firmware Diversity for Smart Electric Meters Stephen McLaughlin, Dmitry Podkuiko, Adam Delozier

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McDaniel, Patrick Drew

    the near century-old electromechanical meters at- tached to the exteriors of many buildings, smart metersEmbedded Firmware Diversity for Smart Electric Meters Stephen McLaughlin, Dmitry Podkuiko, Adam}@cse.psu.edu Abstract Smart meters are now being aggressively deployed world- wide, with tens of millions of meters

  13. Microsoft PowerPoint - 03.2010_Metering Billing MDM America.pptx

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass map shines light on darkMicroorganisms to Speed Production ofMETERING BILLING/MDM

  14. Thermosyphon coil arrangement for heat pump outdoor unit

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Draper, Robert (Churchill, PA)

    1984-01-01

    For a heat pump, the outdoor unit is provided with a coil and a refrigerant flow arrangement therefor which is such that in the heating mode of operation of the heat pump they operate in a thermosyphon fashion. The coil 32 has a feed portion 30 and an exit portion 34 leading to a separator drum 36 from which liquid refrigerant is returned through downcomer line 42 for recirculation to the feed portion. The coil is tilted upwardly from entry to exit by the angle alpha to enhance the clearance of the two phases of refrigerant from each other in the heating mode of operation. There is no thermosyphon function in the cooling mode of operation.

  15. Thermosyphon coil arrangement for heat pump outdoor unit

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Draper, R.

    1984-05-22

    For a heat pump, the outdoor unit is provided with a coil and a refrigerant flow arrangement there for which is such that in the heating mode of operation of the heat pump they operate in a thermosyphon fashion. The coil has a feed portion and an exit portion leading to a separator drum from which liquid refrigerant is returned through downcomer line for recirculation to the feed portion. The coil is tilted upwardly from entry to exit by the angle alpha to enhance the clearance of the two phases of refrigerant from each other in the heating mode of operation. There is no thermosyphon function in the cooling mode of operation. 9 figs.

  16. Value creation and value capture of advanced electricity meter information

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oesterlin, Ulf

    2011-01-01

    Advanced or smart metering has been a hot topic in the electricity community for several years. Despite the excitement about the technology, few business cases are actually able to justify the investment cost. One reason ...

  17. How to Read Residential Electric and Natural Gas Meters | Department...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    courtesy of iStockphotofstockfoto You can read your own meters to help monitor your electric or gas energy use. During the heating season, your energy use should be compared...

  18. 25 years ago: the official farewell to the meter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas Schucker

    2008-10-20

    On october 21st 1983 took place in S\\`evres on the western outskirts of Paris the official funeral of the meter. With it the notion of distance as a physical observable was buried.

  19. San Antonio City Public Service (CPS Energy)- Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Net metering is available to customers of CPS Energy. There is no aggregate capacity limit or maximum system size. There are also no commissioning fees or facilities charges for customers.

  20. Application for a Certificate of Public Good for Net Metered...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    for a Certificate of Public Good for Net Metered Power Systems that are Non-Photovoltaic Systems Up to 150 kW (AC) in Capacity Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference...

  1. Down to the Meter: Localized Vehicle Pollution Matters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Houston, Douglas; Wu, Jun; Ong, Paul; Winer, Arthur

    2006-01-01

    to Near-Roadway Vehicle Pollution,” American Journal ofthe Meter: Localized Vehicle Pollution Matters B Y D O U G Lto confront vehicle-related pollution are proving to be

  2. ARRA Program Celebrates Milestone 600,000 Smart Meter Installations

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    On April 11, 2012, DOE Recovery Act funding recipient Sacramento Municipal Utility District (SMUD) celebrated a major milestone in the development of a regional smart grid in California: the installation of over 600,000 smart meters.

  3. Down to the Meter: Localized Vehicle Pollution Matters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Houston, Douglas; Wu, Jun; Ong, Paul; Winer, Arthur

    2006-01-01

    Near-Roadway Vehicle Pollution,” American Journal of Publicfor Vehicle-Related Air Pollution Exposure in Minority andMeter: Localized Vehicle Pollution Matters B Y D O U G L A S

  4. CBEI - Virtual Refrigerant Charge Sensing and Load Metering

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    (system definition) Accomplishments - Water-Side Load Metering Swope School of Music Cooling Season Results (AHU-7) July15 - July 21, 2014 (Period 2) Daily -2.6% 2.0%...

  5. Development Of 2-Meter Soil Temperature Probes And Results Of...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Development Of 2-Meter Soil Temperature Probes And Results Of Temperature Survey Conducted At Desert Peak, Nevada, Usa Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to...

  6. Shared Signals: Using Existing Facility Meters for Energy Savings Verification 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McBride, J. R.; Bohmer, C. J.; Price, S. D.; Carlson, K.; Lopez, J.

    1997-01-01

    This paper reviews and summarizes techniques for using or sharing signals from existing facility and utility meters for the purpose of verifying energy savings from industrial, institutional and large commercial energy conservation projects...

  7. Temperature Effect in Multiphase Flow Meter Using Slotted Orifice Plate 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sihombing, Dohar Jono

    2015-04-30

    Multiphase flow metering is one of the major focuses to develop in oil and gas industries. A combination of slotted orifice plate and electrical impedance technique was investigated in order to provide further development ...

  8. An Agent Based Simulation of Smart Metering Technology Adoption

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Tao; Nuttall, William J.

    simultaneously), micro-hydro, micro-wind and photovoltaics. The benefits of wind, solar and hydro micro-generation are the zero fuel cost and that the technologies are carbon free. The development of micro-generation can potentially produce a third of a... /behavioural theory. The paper is comprised of six sections. The second section describes smart metering technology and its current situation of adoption. The third section describes our agent-based simulation model of smart metering technology adoption...

  9. Smart-Metering for Monitoring Building Power Distribution Network using Instantaneous Phasor Computations of Electrical Signals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    K.R., Krishnanand

    2013-01-01

    efficient operation of a smart meter network . in Industrialpolicies and case studies in smart metering . in Power andG.B. Huitema. Good standards for smart meters . in European

  10. Sub-metering to Electricity Use in Large-scale Commercial Buildings 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yuan, W.

    2006-01-01

    -metering and statistics ???? Method to actualize sub-metering ???? Practice??Project example ???? Use of data??Analysis Software Sub-metering and statistics to electricity use in commercial buildings 3 Situation?? 4 types of large-scale commercial building Shopping mall... in commercial buildings ???? Significanceof sub-metering and statistics ???? Method to actualize sub-metering ???? Practice??Project example ???? Use of data??Analysis Software Sub-metering and statistics to electricity use in commercial buildings 8 Method...

  11. Metering Best Practices. A Guide to Achieving Utility Resource Efficiency, Release 3.0

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Parker, Steven A.; Hunt, W. D.; McMordie Stoughton, Kate; Boyd, Brian K.; Fowler, Kimberly M.; Koehler, Theresa M.; Sandusky, William F.; Sullivan, Greg P.; Pugh, Ray

    2015-04-05

    DOE FEMP guide for metering best practices aligned with the DOE Metering Guidance revision required by the 12/2013 Presidential Memo.

  12. Using Wireless Power Meters to Measure Energy Use of Miscellaneous and Electronic Devices in Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Richard

    2012-01-01

    a High-Fidelity Wireless Building Energy Auditing Network.Using Wireless Power Meters to Measure Energy Use ofUsing Wireless Power Meters to Measure Energy Miscellaneous

  13. Nissan North America: How Sub-Metering Changed the Way a Plant...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Smyrna wireless infrastructure has allowed the energy team to study the implementation of wireless energy meters. This flexibility could enable cost-effective energy metering at...

  14. Using Wireless Power Meters to Measure Energy Use of Miscellaneous and Electronic Devices in Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Richard

    2012-01-01

    with a High-Fidelity Wireless Building Energy AuditingN ATIONAL L ABORATORY Using Wireless Power Meters to Measureopportunity employer. Using Wireless Power Meters to Measure

  15. Smart-Metering for Monitoring Building Power Distribution Network using Instantaneous Phasor Computations of Electrical Signals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    K.R., Krishnanand

    2013-01-01

    Smart-Metering for Monitoring Building Power Distributionimplementable for smart-meters for a building. Eachcontrol node of a building so as to make smart decisions.

  16. Text-Alternative Version of TAP Webinar: High Performance Outdoor Lighting Accelerator

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Nebiat Solomon ? We are going to give other attendees a few minutes to get on, and then we’ll be ready to start.  Just so you know, if you have questions along the way, just type them into the...

  17. DOE Publishes CALiPER Snapshot Report on LED Outdoor Area Lighting |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum Based| Department ofRefrigeratorsDepartment ofHeat PumpPlan|Department of

  18. Light-Light Scattering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Naohiro Kanda

    2011-06-03

    For a long time, it is believed that the light by light scattering is described properly by the Lagrangian density obtained by Heisenberg and Euler. Here, we present a new calculation which is based on the modern field theory technique. It is found that the light-light scattering is completely different from the old expression. The reason is basically due to the unphysical condition (gauge condition) which was employed by the QED calcualtion of Karplus and Neumann. The correct cross section of light-light scattering at low energy of $(\\frac{\\omega}{m} \\ll 1)$ can be written as $ \\displaystyle{\\frac{d\\sigma}{d\\Omega}=\\frac{1}{(6\\pi)^2}\\frac{\\alpha^4} {(2\\omega)^2}(3+2\\cos^2\\theta +\\cos^4\\theta)}$.

  19. Inter-group relationships and networks in an outdoor recreation setting 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bajc, Vida

    1996-01-01

    This exploratory study examined the information sharing processes between groups of recreationists at two outdoor recreation settings in Sam Houston National Forest. The primary objective of this study was to develop theory that will explain...

  20. Analysis of a Dedicated Outdoor Air System and Low Temperature Supply Air Conditioning System 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guang, L.; Li, R.

    2006-01-01

    This paper presents the principles and the characteristics of a dedicated outdoor air system (DOAS) and low temperature supply air system. DOAS is offered based on the demands of indoor air quality and the low temperature supply air system...

  1. Supplemental Materials for Paper 1874 Characterizing Layouts of Outdoor Scenes Using Spatial Topic Processes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xiao, Jianxiong

    1 Supplemental Materials for Paper 1874 Characterizing Layouts of Outdoor Scenes Using Spatial Topic Processes Abstract This document compiles more experimental results as supplement to the main paper. Overall, the supplemental materials comprise three parts: 1) Detailed results of scene

  2. Meanings, values, and life course: a study of participants’ experiences at a Scottish outdoor education centre 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Telford, John Andrew

    2010-11-25

    Residential outdoor education has had a significant formal and informal presence within the education system of the United Kingdom since the 1950s. However, there is little empirical research into the experiences of ...

  3. Architecture for environmental learning : a National Outdoor Leadership School in Baja, Mexico

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Galyean, Taylor

    1994-01-01

    An understanding of people, program, and place establishes a foundation from which to make architectural decisions. The focus of this thesis is to understand the needs of those involved in an outdoor education school in ...

  4. A sun-tracking environmental chamber for the outdoor quantification of CPV modules

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Faiman, David Melnichak, Vladimir Bokobza, Dov Kabalo, Shlomo

    2014-09-26

    The paper describes a sun-tracking environmental chamber and its associated fast electronics, devised for the accurate outdoor characterization of CPV cells, receivers, mono-modules, and modules. Some typical measurement results are presented.

  5. An evaluation of Becoming an Outdoors-Woman (BOW) program effectiveness 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Welch, Hilary H.

    2005-02-17

    The Texas Parks and Wildlife Department (TPWD) offers over 25 different outdoor recreational and outreach educational programs that target different audiences and utilize different types of delivery systems. This study was an evaluation...

  6. Economizer control assembly for regulating the volume flow of outdoor ambient air

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Michaels, D.D. Jr.

    1984-10-23

    An economizer assembly is disclosed wherein a sliding door is utilized for covering an outdoor ambient air opening allowing outdoor ambient air flow into a space to be conditioned. A motor shaft arrangement connected via a rotating drive rod is utilized to slidably displace the door to any position necessary to effectively regulate air flow. The utilization of this economizer control arrangement with a rooftop type air conditioning unit is further disclosed.

  7. Sociological carrying capacity in outdoor recreation areas: a meta-analysis 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    De la Maza, Carmen Luz

    1986-01-01

    Of SCIENCE May 1986 Major Subject: Recreation and Resources Development SOCIOLOGICAL CARRYING CAPACITY IN OUTDOOR RECREATION AREAS: A META-ANALYSIS A Theaie by CARMEN LUZ DE LA MAZA Approved ae to etyle and content by: Dr. Allan S. Mille (Chairman... of Committee) Dr. Victor L. Willson (Member) I Dr. Edward H. Heath (Member) r. Thomaa M. Bonnicksen (Head of Department) May 1986 ABSTRACT Soczological Carrying Capacity zn Outdoor Recreation Areas: A Meta-analysis (May 1986) By Carman Luz de la...

  8. Indoor-Outdoor Air Leakage of Apartments and Commercial Buildings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Price, P.N.; Shehabi, A.; Chan, R.W.; Gadgil, A.J.

    2006-06-01

    We compiled and analyzed available data concerning indoor-outdoor air leakage rates and building leakiness parameters for commercial buildings and apartments. We analyzed the data, and reviewed the related literature, to determine the current state of knowledge of the statistical distribution of air exchange rates and related parameters for California buildings, and to identify significant gaps in the current knowledge and data. Very few data were found from California buildings, so we compiled data from other states and some other countries. Even when data from other developed countries were included, data were sparse and few conclusive statements were possible. Little systematic variation in building leakage with construction type, building activity type, height, size, or location within the u.s. was observed. Commercial buildings and apartments seem to be about twice as leaky as single-family houses, per unit of building envelope area. Although further work collecting and analyzing leakage data might be useful, we suggest that a more important issue may be the transport of pollutants between units in apartments and mixed-use buildings, an under-studied phenomenon that may expose occupants to high levels of pollutants such as tobacco smoke or dry cleaning fumes.

  9. Advanced Metering Implementations - A Perspective from Federal Sector

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Eaarni, Shankar

    2014-08-11

    Federal mandate (EPACT 2005) requires that federal buildings install advanced electrical meters-meters capable of providing data at least daily and measuring the consumption of electricity at least hourly. This work presents selected advanced metering implementations to understand some of the existing practices related to data capture and to understand how the data is being translated into information and knowledge that can be used to improve building energy and operational performance to meet federal energy reduction mandates. This study highlights case studies to represent some of the various actions that are being taken based on the data that are being collected to improve overall energy performance of these buildings. Some of these actions include- individualized tenant billing and energy forecasting, benchmarking, identifying energy conservation measures, measurement and verification.

  10. Smart preamplifier for real-time turbine meter diagnostics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Breter, J.C.

    1995-12-31

    A new, dual-purpose device for turbine meters, which functions as a traditional signal preamplifier and accomplishes real-time performance diagnostics, is now available. This smart preamplifier (patent pending) utilizes high speed microprocessor technology to continuously monitor and analyze the rotation of a turbine meter rotor. Continuous monitoring allows the device to detect rotational anomalies that can lead to erroneous measurements as they occur. The smart preamplifier works on liquid or gas turbine meters that use a variable reluctance pickup coil for signal generation. This paper will discuss the technology and capabilities of the smart preamplifier. To simplify this discussion, it is assumed that the signal generated will be via a non-rimmed rotor. Thus, the term ``blade`` is used throughout. However, all discussions relevant to signal generation are also true for a rimmed rotor using either buttons or slots for signal generation.

  11. EDD-7 Electric Charge Point Meter test results

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mersman, C.R.

    1993-09-01

    The results of tests evaluating the electric switching portion of the EDD-7 Electric Charge Point Meter (ECPM) are presented. The ECPM is a modified parking meter that allows the purchase of 120 or 240 volt electric power. The ECPM is designed to make electricity available at any vehicle parking location. The test results indicate that the ECPM operated without failure thru a series of over current and ground fault tests at three different test temperatures. The magnitude of current required to trip the over current protection circuitry varied with temperature while the performance of the ground fault interruption circuitry did not change significantly with the test temperature.

  12. CAMPUS SMART METERS PPA NO: 14-0058 Page 1 of 3 Ritter Engineering, Inc.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maxwell, Bruce D.

    CAMPUS SMART METERS PPA NO: 14-0058 Page 1 of 3 Ritter Engineering, Inc. P.O. Box 1352 Billings, MT Engineers ADDENDUM NUMBER 1 DATE: February 25, 2015 PROJECT: Campus Smart Meters MSU Bozeman PPA No: 14 around the meter and meter bypass. 5. The City of Bozeman WILL require a Building Permit for this project

  13. Uncertainties in the Value of Bill Savings from Behind-the-Meter, Residential Photovoltaic Systems: The Roles of Electricity Market Conditions, Retail Rate Design, and Net Metering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Darghouth, Naim Richard

    2013-01-01

    contentious issues related to net metering (E3 2010; IREC2010; IREC Freeing the grid 2012; ), there are surprisingly

  14. VirusMeter: Preventing Your Cellphone , Guanhua Yan2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Songqing

    . Due to the rapid advancement of mobile communication technology, mobile devices nowadays can support. The rationale underlying VirusMeter is the fact that mobile devices are usu- ally battery powered and any malicious activity would inevitably consume some battery power. By monitoring power consumption on a mobile

  15. Leveraging smart meter data to recognize home appliances Markus Weiss+#

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -- The worldwide adoption of smart meters that measure and communicate residential electricity consumption gives-intrusive load monitoring; energy monitoring; energy break down; electricity consumption I. APLLIANCE-SPECIFIC CONSUMPTION FEEDBACK The requirement to conserve energy, the modernization of the electrical grid

  16. Fuel Quality & Metering Current Status and Future Needs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fuel Quality & Metering Current Status and Future Needs DOE Tank Safety Workshop Sandia National with enforcing the quality standards for Gasoline, Diesel, Motor Oil, Coolants, Brake Fluid, ATF, and Hydrogen commercial weighing, measuring, or counting device. This includes all Retail Motor Fuel devices (California

  17. Privacy Preserving Smart Metering System Based Retail Level Electricity Market

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Franchetti, Franz

    1 Privacy Preserving Smart Metering System Based Retail Level Electricity Market Cory Thoma, Tao technologies which includes load management and retail level electricity market support. Index Terms as the various market functionalities also pose great risks to customer privacy. In this work we propose a secure

  18. Metering Air Compressor Systems for Efficiency: A Progress Report 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joseph, B.

    2005-01-01

    was termed CASE Index, which varies from 0 to about 320, and has the units of SCF/KWH. The procedure we developed, involved metering of input (KWH) and output (SCFM), in and out of the central plant. After the initial beta testing of the procedure, as more...

  19. Hydrostatic bearings for a turbine fluid flow metering device

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Fincke, J.R.

    1982-05-04

    A rotor assembly fluid metering device has been improved by development of a hydrostatic bearing fluid system which provides bearing fluid at a common pressure to rotor assembly bearing surfaces. The bearing fluid distribution system produces a uniform film of fluid between bearing surfaces and allows rapid replacement of bearing fluid between bearing surfaces, thereby minimizing bearing wear and corrosion. 3 figs.

  20. Safety of Hydrogen Systems Installed in Outdoor Enclosures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barilo, Nick F.

    2013-11-06

    The Hydrogen Safety Panel brings a broad cross-section of expertise from the industrial, government, and academic sectors to help advise the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Fuel Cell Technologies Office through its work in hydrogen safety, codes, and standards. The Panel’s initiatives in reviewing safety plans, conducting safety evaluations, identifying safety-related technical data gaps, and supporting safety knowledge tools and databases cover the gamut from research and development to demonstration and deployment. The Panel’s recent work has focused on the safe deployment of hydrogen and fuel cell systems in support of DOE efforts to accelerate fuel cell commercialization in early market applications: vehicle refueling, material handling equipment, backup power for warehouses and telecommunication sites, and portable power devices. This paper resulted from observations and considerations stemming from the Panel’s work on early market applications. This paper focuses on hydrogen system components that are installed in outdoor enclosures. These enclosures might alternatively be called “cabinets,” but for simplicity, they are all referred to as “enclosures” in this paper. These enclosures can provide a space where a flammable mixture of hydrogen and air might accumulate, creating the potential for a fire or explosion should an ignition occur. If the enclosure is large enough for a person to enter, and ventilation is inadequate, the hydrogen concentration could be high enough to asphyxiate a person who entered the space. Manufacturers, users, and government authorities rely on requirements described in codes to guide safe design and installation of such systems. Except for small enclosures used for hydrogen gas cylinders (gas cabinets), fuel cell power systems, and the enclosures that most people would describe as buildings, there are no hydrogen safety requirements for these enclosures, leaving gaps that must be addressed. This paper proposes that a technical basis be developed to enable code bodies to write requirements for the range of enclosures from the smallest to the largest.

  1. Dead-time compensation for a logarithmic display rate meter

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Larson, J.A.; Krueger, F.P.

    1987-10-05

    An improved circuit is provided for application to a radiation survey meter that uses a detector that is subject to dead time. The circuit compensates for dead time over a wide range of count rates by producing a dead-time pulse for each detected event, a live-time pulse that spans the interval between dead-time pulses, and circuits that average the value of these pulses over time. The logarithm of each of these values is obtained and the logarithms are subtracted to provide a signal that is proportional to a count rate that is corrected for the effects of dead time. The circuit produces a meter indication and is also capable of producing an audible indication of detected events. 5 figs.

  2. Smart Metering and Electricity Demand: Technology, Economics and International Experience

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brophy Haney, A.; Jamasb, Tooraj; Pollitt, Michael G.

    in the context of investing in demand-side participation. Innovative forms of metering allow for more detailed information to be collected on electricity consumption; communications technology facilitates greater interaction between the end-user and the rest... of the electricity supply chain; and both information and interaction allow for end-users to become more actively involved in the electricity market by, for example, responding to price signals and information on consumption patterns. 2 Smaller electricity users...

  3. Hydrostatic bearings for a turbine fluid flow metering device

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Fincke, J.R.

    1980-05-02

    A rotor assembly fluid metering device has been improved by development of a hydrostatic bearing fluid system which provides bearing fluid at a common pressure to rotor assembly bearing surfaces. The bearing fluid distribution system produces a uniform film of fluid distribution system produces a uniform film of fluid between bearing surfaces and allows rapid replacement of bearing fluid between bearing surfaces, thereby minimizing bearing wear and corrosion.

  4. Metering Best Practices: A Guide to Achieving Utility Resource Efficiency |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankADVANCED MANUFACTURING OFFICESpecial ReportProposal toDepartment of Energy Metering Best Practices: A

  5. Why Is the Speed of Light in Meters Per Second What It Is? | GE Global

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservationBio-Inspired SolarAbout /Two0Photos andSeminarsDesign » Design for EfficiencyWhy

  6. Smart Lighting Controller!! Smart lighting!

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anderson, Betty Lise

    'll build the circuit! We'll use an LED to represent the room lights! #12;4! Block diagram! Battery! Rail! #12;23! LED: light-emitting diode! Diode conducts current in only one direction! When current flows1! Smart Lighting Controller!! #12;2! Smart lighting! No need to spend energy lighting the room if

  7. Movement of outdoor particles to the indoor environment: An analysis of the Arnhem Lead Study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Layton, D.W. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States); Thatcher, T.L. [Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). Dept. of Civil Engineering

    1995-03-01

    This paper analyzes the role of soil tracking as a source of indoor particles and quantifies key parameters influencing the transport of soil-derived particles (resuspension rates for particulate matter on floors, deposition velocities of suspended particles in indoor and outdoor air). The paper begins with a brief review of studies of particle transport processes and presents a simple model for studying the transport of particles in the indoor environment. The model is used to examine data on Pb distributions in the indoor and outdoor environments of community adjacent to a secondary lead smelter.

  8. Indoor air quality control for improving passenger health in subway platforms using an outdoor air quality dependent ventilation system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Indoor air quality control for improving passenger health in subway platforms using an outdoor air online 19 May 2015 Keywords: Ventilation control system Indoor air quality Indoor air pollution control Outdoor air quality Passenger health promotion Ventilation energy a b s t r a c t Indoor air quality (IAQ

  9. Building a wireless mesh networked real-time electricity metering system in an MIT dormitory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oehlerking, Austin L

    2009-01-01

    A competitive, closed-loop information feedback system of wireless electricity meters was designed, tested, and implemented in seven MIT dormitory rooms. The meters utilized Allegro Hall Effect current sensors as well as ...

  10. Feasibility of the design of dual-lane ramp meters in Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Butorac, Marc Allen

    1997-01-01

    As recurrent congestion and the number of vehicles on urban freeways in Texas have increased, the ability to effectively meter traffic using single-lane ramp meters has deteriorated. Other state departments of transportation experiencing similar...

  11. A Technology for Electronic Energy Meters Intelligent Accounting Using Distributed Database over TCP/IP Network

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borissova, Daniela

    4 8 A Technology for Electronic Energy Meters Intelligent Accounting Using Distributed Database processing to allow the adequate information integration and resource control in the energy distribution the energy distribution enterprise information. Reading the electronic energy meters is made through

  12. United States- Land Based and Offshore Annual Average Wind Speed at 100 Meters

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Full-size, high resolution version of the 100-meter land-based and offshore wind speed resource map.

  13. Metering and Monitoring Approaches for Verifying Energy Savings from Energy Conservation Retrofits: Experiences from the Field 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McBride, J. R.; Bohmer, C. J.; Lippman, R. H.

    1995-01-01

    building, industrial process or device requires a meter that measures and records the amount of power used over a period of time. Utility revenue meters, watt-hour transducers and multi-channel, integrated, solid-state, watt-hour meters are all used... to measure electrical energy consumption for savings verification purposes. Hand-held or portable watt meters are also used to obtain instantaneous power measurements, which can serve as? input to engineering models used to estimate electrical energy...

  14. VentureBeat Smart meters could breathe life into flagging chip market

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lu, Chenyang

    Ricketts Even as the downturn dries up cleantech capital, smart-meter makers continue to do quite well

  15. Status of Net Metering: Assessing the Potential to Reach Program Caps (Poster)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Heeter, J.; Bird, L.; Gelman, R.

    2014-10-01

    Several states are addressing the issue of net metering program caps, which limit the total amount of net metered generating capacity that can be installed in a state or utility service territory. In this analysis, we examine net metering caps to gain perspective on how long net metering will be available in various jurisdictions under current policies. We also surveyed state practices and experience to understand important policy design considerations.

  16. Status of Net Metering: Assessing the Potential to Reach Program Caps

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Heeter, J.; Gelman, R.; Bird, L.

    2014-09-01

    Several states are addressing the issue of net metering program caps, which limit the total amount of net metered generating capacity that can be installed in a state or utility service territory. In this analysis, we examine net metering caps to gain perspective on how long net metering will be available in various jurisdictions under current policies. We also surveyed state practices and experience to understand important policy design considerations.

  17. meters in CO2 euthanasia chambers. All CO2 euthanasia chambers in both

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    George, Edward I.

    meters in CO2 euthanasia chambers. All CO2 euthanasia chambers in both the facilities, and durable flow meter to install in all of the CO2 chambers in all of the vivaria. When a specific model and laboratories will need flow meters. ULAR is currently in the process of identifying a cost-effective, accurate

  18. A Noninvasive Threat Analyzer for Advanced Metering Infrastructure in Smart Grid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Yongge

    1 A Noninvasive Threat Analyzer for Advanced Metering Infrastructure in Smart Grid Mohammad Ashiqur--Advanced Metering Infrastructure (AMI) is the core component in a smart grid that exhibits a highly complex network--Advanced metering infrastructure, security analysis, formal verification. I. INTRODUCTION Smart grids provide

  19. Neighborhood Watch: Security and Privacy Analysis of Automatic Meter Reading Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gruteser, Marco

    gruteser@winlab.rutgers.edu ABSTRACT Research on smart meters has shown that fine-grained en- ergy usage data poses privacy risks since it allows inferences about activities inside homes. While smart meter for remotely collecting us- age data from electricity, gas, and water meters. Yet to the best of our knowledge

  20. Neighborhood Watch: Security and Privacy Analysis of Automatic Meter Reading Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xu, Wenyuan

    gruteser@winlab.rutgers.edu ABSTRACT Research on smart meters has shown that fine-grained en- ergy usage data poses privacy risks since it allows inferences about activities inside the home. While smart meter for remotely collecting us- age data from electricity, gas, and water meters. Yet to the best of our knowledge

  1. On the Scalable Collection of Metering Data in Smart Grids through Message Concatenation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Namboodiri, Vinod

    On the Scalable Collection of Metering Data in Smart Grids through Message Concatenation Babak them through a communication backhaul. This work studies the smart meter message concatenation (SMMC) problem of how to concatenate multiple small smart metering messages arriving at data concentrator units

  2. Metering Plan: Monitoring Energy and Potable Water Use in PNNL EMS4 Buildings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pope, Jason E.

    2012-07-25

    This Plan presents progress toward the metering goals shared by all national laboratories and discusses PNNL's contemporary approach to the installation of new meters. In addition, the Plan discusses the data analysis techniques with which PNNL is working to mature using endless data streams made available as a result of increased meter deployment.

  3. MONTANA OUTDOORS 3130 MARCH APRIL 2014 FWP.MT.GOV/MTOUTDOORS Why mountain bluebirds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duckworth, Renée

    MONTANA OUTDOORS 3130 MARCH APRIL 2014 FWP.MT.GOV/MTOUTDOORS TURF WAR TWIST Why mountain bluebirds are good for this species in western Montana valleys but don't benefit, in the long run, mountain bluebirds. Although mountain blue- birds also lost nesting sites, they had evolved to also use habitats at higher

  4. Emergency Communications Outdoor Warning Siren: As part of our continued commitment to enhancing safety measures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karsai, Istvan

    is designed to be heard OUTDOORS ONLY. ETSU's sirens are set up to sound during immediate life activities." For more information on ETSU's siren system please visit the following website http://www.etsu-mail address on the GoldAlert registration website http://www.etsu.edu/goldalert . This URL is located on ETSU

  5. CLASSIFICATION OF NON-HEAT GENERATING OUTDOOR OBJECTS IN THERMAL SCENES FOR AUTONOMOUS ROBOTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shaw, Leah B.

    Evaluation, Degree: PhD Advisor: Mark Hinders, Professor of Applied Science Abstract This dissertation describes a physics-based adaptive Bayesian pattern classification model that uses a passive thermal infrared imaging system to automatically characterize non-heat generating objects in unstructured outdoor

  6. Chlorine activation indoors and outdoors via surface-mediated reactions of nitrogen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dabdub, Donald

    Chlorine activation indoors and outdoors via surface-mediated reactions of nitrogen oxides and indoor air. Oxides of nitrogen (NOy) are also globally distributed, because NO formed in combustion processes is oxidized to NO2, HNO3, N2O5 and a variety of other nitrogen oxides during transport. Deposition

  7. Pedestrian detection in low resolution videos can be challenging. In outdoor surveillance scenarios, the size of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hoff, William A.

    Abstract Pedestrian detection in low resolution videos can be challenging. In outdoor surveillance scenarios, the size of pedestrians in the images is often very small (around 20 pixels tall). The most common and successful approaches for single frame pedestrian detection use gradient-based features

  8. Ris-M-2476 RELATIONSHIPS IN INDOOR/OUTDOOR AIR POLLUTION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Risø-M-2476 RELATIONSHIPS IN INDOOR/OUTDOOR AIR POLLUTION Jørn Roed Abstract. Beryllium-7 the pollution episode and airing shortly after is also investigated. Earlier relevant literature is reviewed descriptors; AEROSOLS; AIR FILTERS; AIR POLLUTION; AIR QUALITY; BUILDINGS; CONTAMINATION; DEPOSITION

  9. OUTDOOR PV PERFORMANCE EVALUATION OF THREE DIFFERENT MODELS: SINGLE-DIODE, SAPM AND LOSS FACTOR MODEL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    OUTDOOR PV PERFORMANCE EVALUATION OF THREE DIFFERENT MODELS: SINGLE-DIODE, SAPM AND LOSS FACTOR.steveransome.com ABSTRACT: This study examines the accuracy and value of three different PV module performance modeling. The equivalent circuit diode models (e.g., PVsyst, PV*SOL, CEC, etc.) are popular, but include technology

  10. Testing the 2-element 4-wire delta watthour meter 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grasshoff, Lynn Howard

    1950-01-01

    & and other material& and for affording valuable suggestions for the prepaxation of this thesis. Appreciation is also exnxressed to M! . R. H. Mighell and Mr. H. E. Trekell of the General Electric Company fax supplying a ~ire delta meter and various... four wire delta system is used to supply polyphase and single phase loads from a bank of delta-oonneeted transformers. The squit is illustrated in Pigure L, Polyphase loads are supplied in the usual manner from the three lines a b-o, and single phase...

  11. MHK ISDB/Instruments/Nortek Aquadopp Current Meter | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View NewTexas:Montezuma,Information MHK ISDB/Instruments/Nortek Aquadopp Current Meter < MHK

  12. Smart Meter Investments Support Rural Economy in Arkansas

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankADVANCED MANUFACTURINGEnergy BillsNo.Hydrogen4 »DigitalanDepartmentSecondarySmart GridSmartSmart Meter

  13. Smart Meters on Tap for Owasso, Oklahoma | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankADVANCED MANUFACTURINGEnergy BillsNo.Hydrogen4 »DigitalanDepartmentSecondarySmart GridSmartSmartMeters

  14. Smart Meters and a Smarter Grid | Department of Energy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effect Photovoltaics -7541 *Impact NeutronSmallGrid EVDepartment ofSmartSmart Meters

  15. NREL: Measurements and Characterization - Outdoor Module Current Versus

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass map shines lightGeospatial Toolkit The GeospatialSolar EnergyDeviceVoltage (I-V)

  16. The magnetic flywheel flow meter: Theoretical and experimental contributions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Buchenau, D., E-mail: d.buchenau@hzdr.de; Galindo, V.; Eckert, S. [Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf, Institute of Fluid Dynamics, Bautzner Landstraße 400, 01328 Dresden (Germany)

    2014-06-02

    The development of contactless flow meters is an important issue for monitoring and controlling of processes in different application fields, like metallurgy, liquid metal casting, or cooling systems for nuclear reactors and transmutation machines. Shercliff described in his book “The Theory of Electromagnetic Flow Measurement, Cambridge University Press, 1962” a simple and robust device for contact-less measurements of liquid metal flow rates which is known as magnetic flywheel. The sensor consists of several permanent magnets attached on a rotatable soft iron plate. This arrangement will be placed closely to the liquid metal flow to be measured, so that the field of the permanent magnets penetrates into the fluid volume. The flywheel will be accelerated by a Lorentz force arising from the interaction between the magnetic field and the moving liquid. Steady rotation rates of the flywheel can be taken as a measure for the mean flow rate inside the fluid channel. The present paper provides a detailed theoretical description of the sensor in order to gain a better insight into the functional principle of the magnetic flywheel. Theoretical predictions are confirmed by corresponding laboratory experiments. For that purpose, a laboratory model of such a flow meter was built and tested on a GaInSn-loop under various test conditions.

  17. Light Pollution as Part of the Environmental Problems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Quaranta, Nancy

    2012-01-01

    Unscrupulous outdoor lighting produces a number of effects that are currently included under the term light pollution. Its consequences (e.g. loss of resources by energy waste), are being recognized for some time, as well as the possibility to mitigate this pollution. In the present work, we present some lines of action developed at the Facultad Regional San Nicol\\'as of National Technological University (UTN) of Argentina to include the CL as a regular topic of study in the problems of air pollution.

  18. Light Properties Light travels at the speed of light `c'

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mojzsis, Stephen J.

    LIGHT!! #12;Light Properties Light travels at the speed of light `c' C = 3 x 108 m/s Or 190,000 miles/second!! Light could travel around the world about 8 times in one second #12;What is light?? Light is a "wave packet" A photon is a "light particle" #12;Electromagnetic Radiation and You Light is sometimes

  19. Genesis of a three-phase subsea metering system. [Oil and gas metering systems for subsea operations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dowty, E.L.; Hatton, G.J.; Durrett, M.G. ); Dean, T.L.; Jiskoot, R.J.J.

    1993-08-01

    Periodic well flow testing is necessary to monitor well and reservoir performance over time to optimize decisions on well production rates and new well requirements through improved reservoir models, to determine the timing of well workovers, and to identify when wells become uneconomical to produce. A dedicated test separator' conventionally is used to meter individual wells. Fluids from a well are separated into the three component phases (oil, gas, and water) in a large vessel, and the flow rate of each phase is measured on the respective outlet lines from the vessel. The same method currently is used for subsea satellite developments by providing a dedicated test pipeline' from the subsea field to carry a selected well's production to a test separator for metering on the host platform. The capital cost of these systems rises rapidly with distance. Greater distances between the wellhead and flow test system increase the cost of the test pipeline and require larger and hence more expensive slug catchers and risers. Clearly, a subsea-based well-test system could result in large capital cost savings by eliminating the need for conventional test systems. This paper tracks the development of one subsea well test system from conception to field testing on the Tartan. A platform in the North Sea. This work defines the design requirements of the system, reviews system development and fabrication, describes modifications made as a result of initial field tests, and reports the results of topside tests completed through Dec. 1990.

  20. Air Corrosivity in U.S. Outdoor-Air-Cooled Data Centers is Similar to That in Conventional Data Centers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coles, Henry C.

    2012-01-01

    is Just Prior to Cooling Air Entering IT Equipment FigureGadgil, A.J. and Tschudi, W.F. , Air Corrosivity in U.S.Outdoor-Air-Cooled Data Centers is Similar to That in

  1. Towards comfortable and walkable cities : spatially resolved outdoor thermal comfort analysis linked to travel survey-based human activity schedules

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rakha, Tarek

    2015-01-01

    Outdoor thermal comfort can influence human powered mobility choices, namely walking and biking. As more people are living in cities than ever before in human history, the urban environments we erect and populate are ...

  2. Channel modeling and MIMO capacity for outdoor millimeter wave links Hong Zhang, Sriram Venkateswaran and Upamanyu Madhow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Madhow, Upamanyu

    Channel modeling and MIMO capacity for outdoor millimeter wave links 1 Hong Zhang, Sriram, Santa Barbara Email: {hongzhang, sriram, madhow}@ece.ucsb.edu Abstract-- Recent work has shown that mesh

  3. Influence of Transfer Efficiency of the Outdoor Pipe Network and Boiler Operating Efficiency on the Building Heat Consumption Index 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fang, X.; Wang, Z.; Liu, H.

    2006-01-01

    This paper analyzes the influence of transfer efficiency of the outdoor pipe network and operating efficiency of the boiler on the building heat consumption index, on the premise of saving up to 65 percent energy in different climates. The results...

  4. The effect of hardware configuration on the performance of residential air conditioning systems at high outdoor ambient temperatures 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bain, Joel Alan

    1995-01-01

    A study was performed which investigated the effect of hardware configuration on air conditioning cooling system performance at high outdoor temperatures. The initial phase of the investigation involved the testing of ten residential air...

  5. A study of programs in conservation and outdoor education in selected colleges and universities 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Noel, Jean-Guy Claude

    1969-01-01

    is to analyze snia cc'bula&e t. i. e data gath red chro:igh the use of;- o; stioi naire o=t sining to che nature of existing programs ". f conservation and outdoor cd;. -;tion in selected col)ages nd/or universities, t' he user catesories u outdoor la... made this course of stud; po!. ib!. e. . mNEI OF CON 1!NTS v ge NR SIR Ai)T t IST !IP Ti RI i)S v- . I Cn iiIi L e z OR' TNTATI in". I TO TI!F, STIJDY ?11 ti ui Uctroil Stal eicent o" che Problem &i vpc-e nf t!is vtui)y LI tii ? ' o'ls e...

  6. Outdoor Performance of a Thin-Film Gallium-Arsenide Photovoltaic Module

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Silverman, T. J.; Deceglie, M. G.; Marion, B.; Cowley, S.; Kayes, B.; Kurtz, S.

    2013-06-01

    We deployed a 855 cm2 thin-film, single-junction gallium arsenide (GaAs) photovoltaic (PV) module outdoors. Due to its fundamentally different cell technology compared to silicon (Si), the module responds differently to outdoor conditions. On average during the test, the GaAs module produced more power when its temperature was higher. We show that its maximum-power temperature coefficient, while actually negative, is several times smaller in magnitude than that of a Si module used for comparison. The positive correlation of power with temperature in GaAs is due to temperature-correlated changes in the incident spectrum. We show that a simple correction based on precipitable water vapor (PWV) brings the photocurrent temperature coefficient into agreement with that measured by other methods and predicted by theory. The low operating temperature and small temperature coefficient of GaAs give it an energy production advantage in warm weather.

  7. Factors affecting the concentration of outdoor particles indoors (COPI): Identification of data needs and existing data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thatcher, Tracy L.; McKone, Thomas E.; Fisk, William J.; Sohn, Michael D.; Delp, Woody W.; Riley, William J.; Sextro, Richard G.

    2001-12-01

    The process of characterizing human exposure to particulate matter requires information on both particle concentrations in microenvironments and the time-specific activity budgets of individuals among these microenvironments. Because the average amount of time spent indoors by individuals in the US is estimated to be greater than 75%, accurate characterization of particle concentrations indoors is critical to exposure assessments for the US population. In addition, it is estimated that indoor particle concentrations depend strongly on outdoor concentrations. The spatial and temporal variations of indoor particle concentrations as well as the factors that affect these variations are important to health scientists. For them, knowledge of the factors that control the relationship of indoor particle concentrations to outdoor levels is particularly important. In this report, we identify and evaluate sources of data for those factors that affect the transport to and concentration of outdoor particles in the indoor environment. Concentrations of particles indoors depend upon the fraction of outdoor particles that penetrate through the building shell or are transported via the air handling (HVAC) system, the generation of particles by indoor sources, and the loss mechanisms that occur indoors, such as deposition. To address these issues, we (i) identify and assemble relevant information including the behavior of particles during air leakage, HVAC operations, and particle filtration; (ii) review and evaluate the assembled information to distinguish data that are directly relevant to specific estimates of particle transport from those that are only indirectly useful and (iii) provide a synthesis of the currently available information on building air-leakage parameters and their effect on indoor particle matter concentrations.

  8. Studies related to gas metering accuracy in natural gas vehicle filling stations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vradis, G.; Otugen, V.; Girlea, F. [Polytechnic Univ., Brooklyn, NY (United States)

    1995-12-31

    The present study concentrates on the identification of a parameters affecting the metering accuracy in Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) fueling stations. The results of an on-site monitoring program designed to establish the effect of vibrations and pressure pulsations on the operation of mass flow and rotary positive displacement meters are presented. It is established that pressure fluctuations due to mean flow pulsations are weak in the immediate vicinity of the meters and, based on available experimental results, are not expected to have any impact on meter accuracy. However, vibrations in the operating environment of coriolis mass flow meters are shown to have potentially strong influence on their accuracy. Also, an analysis of available experimental data is performed to identify the source of instabilities observed in the output signal of coriolis mass flow meters. It is shown that such instabilities could be the result of hydrodynamic phenomena that need to be studied further.

  9. Calibrating Pyrgeometers Outdoors Independent from the Reference Value of the Atmospheric Longwave Irradiance

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Reda, I.; Hickey, J. R.; Grobner, J.; Andreas, A.; Stoffel, T.

    2006-08-01

    In this article, we describe a method for the calibration of thermopile pyrgeometers in the absence of a reference for measurement of atmospheric longwave irradiance. This is referred to as the incoming longwave irradiance in this article. The method is based on an indoor calibration using a low-temperature blackbody source to obtain the calibration coefficients that determine the pyrgeometer's radiation characteristics. From these coefficients the outgoing irradiance of the pyrgeometer can be calculated. The pyrgeometer is then installed outdoors on an aluminum plate that is connected to a circulating temperature bath. By adjusting the temperature bath to the approximate value of the effective sky temperature, the pyrgeometer's body temperature is lowered changing the pyrgeometer's thermopile output. If the incoming longwave irradiance is stable, the slope of the outgoing irradiance versus the pyrgeometer's thermopile output is the outdoor net irradiance responsivity (RSnet), independent of the absolute value of the atmospheric longwave irradiance. The indoor calibration coefficients and the outdoor RSnet are then used in the pyrgeometer equation to calculate the incoming longwave irradiance. To evaluate this method, the calculated irradiance using the derived coefficients was compared to the irradiance measured using a pyrgeometer with direct traceability to the World Infrared Standard Group (WISG). This is maintained at the Physikalisch-Meteorologisches Observatorium Davos, World Radiation Center, Switzerland. Based on results from four pyrgeometers calibrations, this method suggests measurement agreement with the WISG to within +/- 3 W/m2 for all sky conditions.

  10. Deployable telescope having a thin-film mirror and metering structure

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Krumel, Leslie J. (Cedar Crest, NM); Martin, Jeffrey W. (Albuquerque, NM)

    2010-08-24

    A deployable thin-film mirror telescope comprises a base structure and a metering structure. The base structure houses a thin-film mirror, which can be rolled for stowage and unrolled for deployment. The metering structure is coupled to the base structure and can be folded for stowage and unfolded for deployment. In the deployed state, the unrolled thin-film mirror forms a primary minor for the telescope and the unfolded metering structure positions a secondary minor for the telescope.

  11. The Impact of Rate Design and Net Metering on the Bill Savings...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    The Impact of Rate Design and Net Metering on the Bill Savings from Distributed Photovoltaics (PV) for Residential Customers in California Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary...

  12. NREL: News - NREL Tool Finds Effective Behind-the-Meter Energy...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Printable Version News Release NR-1215 NREL Tool Finds Effective Behind-the-Meter Energy Storage Configurations Small battery systems can offer attractive return on investment...

  13. Uncertainty Analysis for a Virtual Flow Meter Using an Air-Handling Unit Chilled Water Valve

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Song, Li; Wang, Gang; Brambley, Michael R.

    2013-04-28

    A virtual water flow meter is developed that uses the chilled water control valve on an air-handling unit as a measurement device. The flow rate of water through the valve is calculated using the differential pressure across the valve and its associated coil, the valve command, and an empirically determined valve characteristic curve. Thus, the probability of error in the measurements is significantly greater than for conventionally manufactured flow meters. In this paper, mathematical models are developed and used to conduct uncertainty analysis for the virtual flow meter, and the results from the virtual meter are compared to measurements made with an ultrasonic flow meter. Theoretical uncertainty analysis shows that the total uncertainty in flow rates from the virtual flow meter is 1.46% with 95% confidence; comparison of virtual flow meter results with measurements from an ultrasonic flow meter yielded anuncertainty of 1.46% with 99% confidence. The comparable results from the theoretical uncertainty analysis and empirical comparison with the ultrasonic flow meter corroborate each other, and tend to validate the approach to computationally estimating uncertainty for virtual sensors introduced in this study.

  14. Smart-Metering for Monitoring Building Power Distribution Network using Instantaneous Phasor Computations of Electrical Signals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    K.R., Krishnanand

    2013-01-01

    phase smart meter . in Electrical and Control Engineering (Phasor Computations of Electrical Signals Krishnanand K.R. ,Panda* Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering,

  15. Unlocking the potential for efficiency and demand response through advanced metering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levy, Roger; Herter, Karen; Wilson, John

    2004-01-01

    Advanced Metering, Demand Response, and Dynamic Pricing. ”for Efficiency and Demand Response through Advanced Meteringenergy efficiency and demand response programs. Without

  16. NREL Tool Finds Effective Behind-the-Meter Energy Storage Configuratio...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Effective Behind-the-Meter Energy Storage Configurations Small battery systems can offer attractive return on investment March 9, 2015 The Energy Department's (DOE) National...

  17. Flow Measurement with Tangential Paddlewheel Flow Meters: Analysis of Experimental Results and in-situ Diagnostics 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watt, J. B.; Haberl, J. S.

    1994-01-01

    or generate a totalized signal that can be recorded by data acquisition system. The accuracy of totalized flow and energy measurements is directly effected by the quality of thermal and flow measurement devices. In a closed-loop system a thermal energy meter... possible solution is to use a frequency to voltage converter between the magnetic paddlewheel flow meter and thermal energy meter to transform the sine wave to a square wave much like the signal generated by the non-magnetic-type meter (Doeblin 1990...

  18. Use of Rapid Temperature Measurements at a 2-Meter Depth to Augment...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Temperature Measurements at a 2-Meter Depth to Augment Deeper Temperature Gradient Drilling Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Conference Paper:...

  19. Experience in the Application of Single-Beam Ultrasonic Flow Meters for Turbines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Krasilnikov, A. M.; Dmitriev, S. G.; Karyakin, V. A.

    2002-03-15

    Experience in the use of ultrasonic flow meters at the Bratskaya and Vilyuiskaya HPP is described. The article is of interest to field engineers.

  20. The Economic Value of PV and Net Metering to Residential Customers in California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Darghouth, Naim

    2010-01-01

    Beck. “Distributed Renewable Energy Operating Impacts andGolden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory, 2009.State Incentives for Renewable Energy). “Map of Net Metering

  1. Cerenkov Light

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Slifer, Karl

    2014-05-22

    The bright blue glow from nuclear reactors is Cerenkov light. Karl Slifer describes how nuclear physicists can use this phenomenon to study the nucleus of the atom.

  2. Cerenkov Light

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Slifer, Karl

    2013-06-13

    The bright blue glow from nuclear reactors is Cerenkov light. Karl Slifer describes how nuclear physicists can use this phenomenon to study the nucleus of the atom.

  3. Lighting Renovations

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    When undertaking a lighting renovation in a Federal building, daylighting is the primary renewable energy opportunity. Photovoltaics (PV) also present an excellent opportunity. While this guide...

  4. Smart Meter Driven Segmentation: What Your Consumption Says About You

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Albert, A; Rajagopal, R

    2013-11-01

    With the rollout of smart metering infrastructure at scale, demand-response (DR) programs may now be tailored based on users' consumption patterns as mined from sensed data. For issuing DR events it is key to understand the inter-temporal consumption dynamics as to appropriately segment the user population. We propose to infer occupancy states from consumption time series data using a hidden Markov model framework. Occupancy is characterized in this model by 1) magnitude, 2) duration, and 3) variability. We show that users may be grouped according to their consumption patterns into groups that exhibit qualitatively different dynamics that may be exploited for program enrollment purposes. We investigate empirically the information that residential energy consumers' temporal energy demand patterns characterized by these three dimensions may convey about their demographic, household, and appliance stock characteristics. Our analysis shows that temporal patterns in the user's consumption data can predict with good accuracy certain user characteristics. We use this framework to argue that there is a large degree of individual predictability in user consumption at a population level.

  5. Ash level meter for a fixed-bed coal gasifier

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Fasching, George E. (Morgantown, WV)

    1984-01-01

    An ash level meter for a fixed-bed coal gasifier is provided which utilizes the known ash level temperature profile to monitor the ash bed level. A bed stirrer which travels up and down through the extent of the bed ash level is modified by installing thermocouples to measure the bed temperature as the stirrer travels through the stirring cycle. The temperature measurement signals are transmitted to an electronic signal process system by an FM/FM telemetry system. The processing system uses the temperature signals together with an analog stirrer position signal, taken from a position transducer disposed to measure the stirrer position to compute the vertical location of the ash zone upper boundary. The circuit determines the fraction of each total stirrer cycle time the stirrer-derived bed temperature is below a selected set point, multiplies this fraction by the average stirrer signal level, multiplies this result by an appropriate constant and adds another constant such that a 1 to 5 volt signal from the processor corresponds to a 0 to 30 inch span of the ash upper boundary level. Three individual counters in the processor store clock counts that are representative of: (1) the time the stirrer temperature is below the set point (500.degree. F.), (2) the time duration of the corresponding stirrer travel cycle, and (3) the corresponding average stirrer vertical position. The inputs to all three counters are disconnected during any period that the stirrer is stopped, eliminating corruption of the measurement by stirrer stoppage.

  6. Performance Stabilization of CdTe PV Modules using Bias and Light

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Silverman, T. J.; Deceglie, M. G.; Marion, B.; Kurtz, S. R.

    2014-07-01

    Reversible performance changes due to light exposure frustrate repeatable performance measurements on CdTe PV modules. It is common to use extended light-exposure to ensure that measurements are representative of outdoor performance. We quantify the extent to which such a light-exposed state depends on module temperature and consider bias in the dark to aid in stabilization. We evaluate the use of dark forward bias to bring about a performance state equivalent to that obtained with light exposure, and to maintain a light-exposed state prior to STC performance measurement. Our results indicate that the most promising method for measuring a light-exposed state is to use light exposure at controlled temperature followed by prompt STC measurement with a repeatable time interval between exposure and the STC measurement.

  7. Progress on the 1.6-meter New Solar Telescope at Big Bear Solar Observatory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of the drivers for building solar telescopes with large apertures. Recent advances in adaptive optics (AO) make it possible to build solar telescopes in an open configuration and thus go beyond the conventional meterProgress on the 1.6-meter New Solar Telescope at Big Bear Solar Observatory C. Denkera, P. R

  8. Current Experience With Net Metering Programs Yih-huei Wan, NREL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    metering, small customer-owned generators are usually treated by electric utilities as if they were and sale agreement with the utilities. Utilities always install two meters for each account to record. These customers pay retail rates for the energy they use, and the utilities reimburse customers at the utility

  9. Towards a Secure, Wireless-Based, Home Area Network for Metering in Smart Grids

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Namboodiri, Vinod

    1 Towards a Secure, Wireless-Based, Home Area Network for Metering in Smart Grids Vinod Namboodiri, Student Member, IEEE, Ward Jewell, Fellow, IEEE Abstract--Compared to the conventional grid, the smart (AMI), commonly known as the smart meter, which has the capability of supporting various functions

  10. HeatProbe: A Thermal-based Power Meter for Accounting Disaggregated Electricity Usage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chu, Hao-hua

    consumer awareness of energy usage behavior. This study proposes HeatProbe, a thermal-based power meterHeatProbe: A Thermal-based Power Meter for Accounting Disaggregated Electricity Usage Bo-Jhang Ho1}@citi.sinica.edu.tw ABSTRACT To promote energy-saving behavior, disaggregating elec- tricity usage is critical for increasing

  11. A robust and scalable microfluidic metering method that allows protein crystal growth by free

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Quake, Stephen R.

    A robust and scalable microfluidic metering method that allows protein crystal growth by free in a microfluidic device is a challenging problem. We developed a scheme for metering fluids on the picoliter scale fluid. We demonstrated the power of this method by fabricating and testing a microfluidic chip for rapid

  12. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SMART GRID 1 A Response Cost Model for Advanced Metering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sanders, William H.

    Metering Infras- tructure (AMI). The cost model reflects the costs of response actions due to outages of the challenge is the requirement for a cost model that can accurately predict the costs of possible responseIEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SMART GRID 1 A Response Cost Model for Advanced Metering Infrastructures Ahmed

  13. Quantum noise of non-ideal Sagnac speed meter interferometer with asymmetries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. L. Danilishin; C. Graef; S. S. Leavey; J. Hennig; E. A. Houston; D. Pascucci; S. Steinlechner; J. Wright; S. Hild

    2015-02-19

    The speed meter concept has been identified as a technique that can potentially provide laser-interferometric measurements at a sensitivity level which surpasses the Standard Quantum Limit (SQL) over a broad frequency range. As with other sub-SQL measurement techniques, losses play a central role in speed meter interferometers and they ultimately determine the quantum noise limited sensitivity that can be achieved. So far in the literature, the quantum noise limited sensitivity has only been derived for lossless or lossy cases using certain approximations (for instance that the arm cavity round trip loss is small compared to the arm cavity mirror transmission). In this article we present a generalised, analytical treatment of losses in speed meters that allows accurate calculation of the quantum noise limited sensitivity of Sagnac speed meters with arm cavities. In addition, our analysis allows us to take into account potential imperfections in the interferometer such as an asymmetric beam splitter or differences of the reflectivities of the two arm cavity input mirrors. Finally,we use the examples of the proof-of-concept Sagnac speed meter currently under construction in Glasgow and a potential implementation of a Sagnac speed meter in the Einstein Telescope (ET) to illustrate how our findings affect Sagnac speed meters with meter- and kilometre-long baselines.

  14. Trinity College Green Week 2012 Energy Competition Win a Domestic Energy Meter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Mahony, Donal E.

    Trinity College Green Week 2012 Energy Competition ­ Win a Domestic Energy Meter As part of College Green Week the "e3" programme and Director of Buildings Office is promoting an energy related would you like to win a domestic whole house energy meter as part of Trinity College Green Week 2012

  15. The Practical Applications of Net Energy Metering (NEM) By: Ken Linder and Katie Noland

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maxwell, Bruce D.

    Applications of Net Energy Metering (NEM) By: Ken Linder and Katie Noland Recommendations: Currently the Net Energy Metering (NEM) law in accordance to Montana state policy caps the amount of energy reimbursable by utility companies for personal production of energy. The goal of the capstone class policy group is to put

  16. Power Line Carrier (PLC) Signal Analysis of Smart Meters for Outlier Detection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Akella, Srinivas

    Power Line Carrier (PLC) Signal Analysis of Smart Meters for Outlier Detection Rakesh Rao Dept-- A method for identifying outliers among a set of smart meters by using the power line carrier (PLC) signal strength is presented in this paper. The broad goal is to use the PLC signal as a predictor of transmission

  17. Energy Metering for Free: Augmenting Switching Regulators for Real-Time Monitoring

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Count, a new energy meter design. For many systems that have a built-in switching regulator, adding a single. A typical system with switching regulator- based power supply, including the regulator, in- put capacitorEnergy Metering for Free: Augmenting Switching Regulators for Real-Time Monitoring Prabal Dutta

  18. Social Network of Smart-Metered Homes and SMEs for Grid-based Renewable Energy Exchange

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steels, Luc

    Social Network of Smart-Metered Homes and SMEs for Grid-based Renewable Energy Exchange Ioana G-smart-meter; demand-response; social network; community; prosumer; renewable energy; energy efficiency I. INTRODUCTION are the renewable energy sources (completely) integrated in the picture. This creates an imbalance of financial

  19. Evaluating Government's Policies on Promoting Smart Metering Diffusion in Retail Electricity Markets via

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tesfatsion, Leigh

    recommendations for the energy mar- ket is the adoption of smart metering technology, which, in addition for monitoring and billing purposes (Ofgem, 2006a). As a novel technology in the U.K. energy market, smart policies on promoting smart metering technology in its 2007 white paper on energy Meeting the Energy

  20. Behavioral/Systems/Cognitive Selective Neuronal Entrainment to the Beat and Meter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Behavioral/Systems/Cognitive Selective Neuronal Entrainment to the Beat and Meter Embedded the spontaneous building of beat and meter hypothesized to emerge from the selective entrainment of neuronal, possibly through a mechanism of selective neuronal entrainment within a resonance frequency range. Taken

  1. Behavioral/Systems/Cognitive Tagging the Neuronal Entrainment to Beat and Meter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Behavioral/Systems/Cognitive Tagging the Neuronal Entrainment to Beat and Meter Sylvie Nozaradan,1 entrainment to beat and meter can be captured directly in the electroencephalogram. More generally, our results suggest that music constitutes a unique context to explore entrainment phenomena in dynamic

  2. Integrated Circuits Metering for Piracy Protection and Digital Rights Management: An Overview

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ICs fabricated by the same mask is a precursor for metering: In passive metering, the ICs- sign houses is outsourced to developing offshore countries with a lower labor overhead and operational such as OASIS format) are clandestine to the design house. Further- more, the scale, complexity, and opaqueness

  3. Energy-Harvesting Thermoelectric Sensing for Unobtrusive Water and Appliance Metering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cafarella, Michael J.

    Energy-Harvesting Thermoelectric Sensing for Unobtrusive Water and Appliance Metering Bradford that meters using the same thermoelectric generator with which it powers itself. In short, the rate at which be harvested with a thermoelectric generator (TEG) to power a sensor node. TEGs utilize the Seebeck effect

  4. A comparison of Nannochloropsis salina growth performance in two outdoor pond designs: conventional raceways versus the ARID pond with superior temperature management

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Crowe, Braden [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory; Attalah, Said [University of Arizona; Agrawal, Shweta [University of Arizona; Waller, Peter [University of Arizona; Ryan, Randy [University of Arizona.edu; Van Wagenen, Jon [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory; Chavis, Aaron [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory; Kyndt, John [University of Arizona; Kacira, Murat [University of Arizona; Ogden, Kim L. [University of Arizona; Huesemann, Michael [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

    2012-01-01

    A comparison of Nannochloropsis salina growth performance in two outdoor pond designs: conventional raceways versus the ARID pond with superior temperature management

  5. Outdoor Cooking. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Douglas, Jenoyce; Reasonover, Frances

    1967-01-01

    can "breathe." If the fire box has a rounded bottom, use enough base to make a level bad to the edge of the box. After four or six uses, wash the base to remove drip- pings and ash. Be sure it is thoroughly dry before using, because gravel can... or wash and dry it to kp it bm. Poisonous bacteria require moisture, food and tern- peratures 50 to 110 degrees F. Heat destroys harmful bacteria, and cold rgards production of toxins. MEAT Equipment, number of guests to be served and time avail...

  6. Lighting in the Library

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    by your library lights E Kilowatt-hours consumed by your library lights F Annual cost of operating your library lights H Current lighting index for your library ...

  7. Metered Evaporator for Tokamak Wall Conditioning --- Inventor(s): Charles

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass map shines light on dark matter ByMentor-ProtegeFrom theAvailableMetamaterialsH.

  8. Evaluating Government's Policies on Promoting Smart Metering in Retail Electricity Markets via Agent Based Simulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Tao; Nuttall, William J.

    these policies are in terms of fostering smart metering and what other supplementary optimum strategies can be used to strengthen the effectiveness of these policies in the UK energy market still remain questionable. This paper is motivated by a desire... is the adoption of smart metering technology, which, in addition to offering a broad range of benefits to energy consumers, can substantially cut CO2 emissions. As a novel technology, in the UK energy market smart metering is still in its infancy and its...

  9. Instrument Qualification of Custom Fabricated Water Activity Meter for Hot Cell Use

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McCoskey, Jacob K.

    2014-01-22

    This report describes a custom fabricated water activity meter and the results of the qualification of this meter as described in the laboratory test plan LAB-PLN-11-00012, Testing and Validation of an Enhanced Acquisition and Control System. It was calibrated against several NaOH solutions of varying concentrations to quantify the accuracy and precision of the instrument at 20 °C and 60 °C. Also, a schematic and parts list of the equipment used to make the water activity meter will be presented in this report.

  10. Payment Matters? - An Exploratory Study into the Pre-Payment Electricity Metering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brutscher, Philipp-Bastian

    2011-02-10

    ?(Pruitt, B., 2004) and the Woddstock Hydro evaluation (reported in Quesnelle, K., 2004). However, we could not ?nd much information on these projects - in particular little is known about the method(s) which were used in these studies. 11 3.3 Matching... entering it into one?s meter at home). Finally, let i denote the interest rate; we can interpret i as a measure of the opportunity cost of holding money on one?s meter (since money on a meter does not bear interest). Now we can analyse the optimal choice...

  11. Trial Demonstration of Area Lighting Retrofit: Yuma Border Patrol, Yuma Arizona

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wilkerson, Andrea M.; McCullough, Jeffrey J.

    2014-12-30

    The Yuma Sector Border Patrol Area is a high flux lighting application in a high temperature environment, presenting a formidable challenge for light-emitting diodes (LEDs). This retrofit is an Energy Savings Performance Contract ENABLE project under the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Federal Energy Management Program. If high flux LED technology performs well in a region with high ambient temperature and solar radiation, it can perform well in most outdoor environments. The design process for the Yuma retrofit has already provided valuable knowledge to CBP and DOE. The LED lighting system selected for the retrofit is expected to reduce energy consumption 69% compared to the incumbent quartz metal halide (QMH) lighting system. If the LED lighting system is installed, GATEWAY will continue to document and disseminate information regarding the installation and long-term performance so that others may also gain valuable knowledge from the Yuma Sector Border Patrol Area lighting retrofit.

  12. Light's Darkness

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Padgett, Miles [University of Glasgow, Glasgow, Scotland

    2010-01-08

    Optical vortices and orbital angular momentum are currently topical subjects in the optics literature. Although seemingly esoteric, they are, in fact, the generic state of light and arise whenever three or more plane waves interfere. To be observed by eye the light must be monochromatic. Laser speckle is one such example, where the optical energy circulates around each black spot, giving a local orbital angular momentum. This talk with report three on-going studies. First, when considering a volume of interfering waves, the laser specs map out threads of complete darkness embedded in the light. Do these threads form loops? Links? Or even knots? Second, when looking through a rapidly spinning window, the image of the world on the other side is rotated: true or false? Finally, the entanglement of orbital angular momentum states means measuring how the angular position of one photons sets the angular momentum of another: is this an angular version of the EPR (Einstein, Podolsky, and Rosen) paradox?

  13. Direct Analysis of JV-Curves Applied to an Outdoor-Degrading CdTe Module (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jordan, D; Kurtz, S.; Ulbrich, C.; Gerber, A.; Rau, U.

    2014-03-01

    We present the application of a phenomenological four parameter equation to fit and analyze regularly measured current density-voltage JV curves of a CdTe module during 2.5 years of outdoor operation. The parameters are physically meaningful, i.e. the short circuit current density Jsc, open circuit voltage Voc and differential resistances Rsc, and Roc. For the chosen module, the fill factor FF degradation overweighs the degradation of Jsc and Voc. Interestingly, with outdoor exposure, not only the conductance at short circuit, Gsc, increases but also the Gsc(Jsc)-dependence. This is well explained with an increase in voltage dependent charge carrier collection in CdTe.

  14. Types of Lights Types of Lights

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 Types of Lights Types of Lights q So far we have studied point lights ­ Radiate in all direc7ons q Other lights ­ Direc7onal lights (posi7on-independent) ­ Spotlights #12;2 Direc1onal Lights q Shine in a single, uniform direc7on q All rays

  15. Brain Tissue Depth (mm) LightPowerDensity(mW/mm2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schnitzer, Mark

    Brain Tissue Depth (mm) LightPowerDensity(mW/mm2 ) Power Meter Tissue block Bare Fiber = 12° = 6 with the beveled cannula over CeA. d) Chart indicating estimated light power density seen at various distances from the fiber tip in mouse brain tissue when the light power density seen at the fiber tip was 7 mW (~99 mW/mm2

  16. Private Memoirs of a Smart Meter Andres Molina-Markham, Prashant Shenoy, Kevin Fu, Emmanuel Cecchet, and David Irwin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    Private Memoirs of a Smart Meter Andr´es Molina-Markham, Prashant Shenoy, Kevin Fu, Emmanuel,shenoy,kevinfu,cecchet,irwin}@cs.umass.edu Abstract Household smart meters that measure power consumption in real-time at fine granularities are the foundation of a future smart electricity grid. However, the widespread deployment of smart meters has serious

  17. Light Computing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gordon Chalmers

    2006-10-13

    A configuration of light pulses is generated, together with emitters and receptors, that allows computing. The computing is extraordinarily high in number of flops per second, exceeding the capability of a quantum computer for a given size and coherence region. The emitters and receptors are based on the quantum diode, which can emit and detect individual photons with high accuracy.

  18. "I'd Like to Check Out Two Books, One DVD, and One Electrical Meter, Please."

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Yesterday I wrote about my experience using a digital electrical meter at home. Today I'll discuss what I'm doing with promoting their use in my home town.

  19. Smart-Metering for Monitoring Building Power Distribution Network using Instantaneous Phasor Computations of Electrical Signals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    K.R., Krishnanand

    2013-01-01

    power meter for AMI based on ZigBee communication . in Powerusing IEEE 802.15.4 and zigbee. Consumer Electronics, IEEEInfrastructure (AMI) based on ZigBee is not entirely new [8-

  20. Smart-Metering for Monitoring Building Power Distribution Network using Instantaneous Phasor Computations of Electrical Signals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    K.R., Krishnanand

    2013-01-01

    Man, H. and L. Jae-Hyun, Smart home energy management systemand implementation of smart home energy management systemsSocial network of smart-metered homes and SMEs for grid-

  1. The effects between two slotted plate flow meter under single, two, three components flow condition 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Park, Sang Hyan

    2005-02-17

    In previous work on the slotted flow meter, repeatibility and reproducibility were studied under different flow conditions and different configurations. In accordance with previous work, the effects of the distance between ...

  2. Too expensive to meter: The influence of transaction costs in transportation and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Odlyzko, Andrew M.

    , London Underground, London railways, collection costs, transaction costs, public transport 1Too expensive to meter: The influence of transaction costs in transportation and communication, and that in many cases such charging may lead to undesirable outcomes. Keywords: Transport, Telecommunications

  3. Tips: Smart Meters and a Smarter Power Grid | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    July 27, 2014 - 8:13pm Addthis The Smart Grid will consist of controls, computers, automation, and new technologies and equipment -- including a smart meter at your home --...

  4. Optimal meter placement and transaction-based loss allocation in deregulated power system operation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ding, Qifeng

    2005-02-17

    is the selection of candidate measurement sets, each of which will make the system observable under a given contingency (loss of measurements and network topology changes). A new method is then developed for optimal meter placement, which is the choice...

  5. The Economic Value of PV and Net Metering to Residential Customers in California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Darghouth, Naim

    2010-01-01

    a Substantial Benefit of Solar PV”, The Electricity Journal,2008. MRW & Associates. “Solar PV and Retail Rate Design”,The Economic Value of PV and Net Metering to Residential

  6. Proposed Metering and Instrumentation Monitoring and Analysis Plan and Budget: Alamo Community College District 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Neal, D. L.; Carlson, K. A.; Sweeney, J., Jr.; Milligan, K.

    2002-01-01

    The purpose of this overview is to outline the metering points that will be monitored by the Energy Systems Laboratory (ESL). At three of the campuses, Alamo Community College District (ACCD) has a central energy management system (EMS) installed...

  7. Estimation of Building Parameters Using Simplified Energy Balance Model and Metered Whole Building Energy Use 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Masuda, H.; Claridge, D.

    2012-01-01

    This paper presents and evaluates an indirect data-driven method to estimate influential building parameters: air exchange rates and overall heat transfer coefficients of building envelopes from the separately metered energy use for electricity...

  8. Using Wireless Power Meters to Measure Energy Use of Miscellaneous and Electronic Devices in Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Richard

    2012-01-01

    a High-Fidelity Wireless Building Energy Auditing Network.energy and power data using small, relatively inexpensive wirelessUsing Wireless Power Meters to Measure Energy Use of

  9. Metered energy consumption and analysis of energy conservation techniques in desktop PCs and workstations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bosko, Kristie L. (Kristie Lee)

    1996-01-01

    This thesis investigates potential energy savings due to the application of power managed PCS, monitors, and workstations. The basis of this effort includes electric metering of such equipment at six preliminary and one ...

  10. A study of the coherent structures and installation effects in an orifice flow meter 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pattabhi, Srikanth

    1993-01-01

    of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1993 Major Subject: Mechanical Engineering A STUDY OF THE COHERENT STRUCTURES AND INSTALLATION EFFECTS IN AN ORIFICE FLOW METER A Thesis by SRIKANTH PATTABHI Approved as to style and content by: G. L. Morris (Chair...) Srikanth Pattabhi, B, E, University of Mysore, India Chair of Advisory Committee: Dr. G. L. Morrison Orifice meters are used extensively in the natural gas industry for custody transfer, an application where inaccuracies in measurement can be costly...

  11. The Journal of Blacks in Higher Education (http://www.jbhe.com/2013/03/study-finds-that-outdoor-education-can-close-the-racial-gap-in-environmental-literacy/ )

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Langerhans, Brian

    The Journal of Blacks in Higher Education (http://www.jbhe.com/2013/03/study-finds-that- outdoor-education-can-close-the-racial-gap-in-environmental-literacy/ ) Study Finds That Outdoor Education Can Close the Racial Gap in Environmental Literacy Filed in Racial in Raleigh found that when middle school students were taken outdoors to learn about environmental science

  12. NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH PARKS A National Environmental Research Park is an outdoor laboratory where research may be

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Georgia, University of

    by the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA), the Energy Reorganization Act, the Department of EnergyCHARTER NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH PARKS A National Environmental Research Park is an outdoor laboratory where research may be carried out to achieve national environmental goals, as articulated

  13. Mechanistic modeling of the interrelationships between indoor/outdoor air quality and human exposure in a GIS framework

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Isukapalli, S.S.; Purushothaman, V.; Georgopoulos, P.G.

    1999-07-01

    Evaluation of human exposure to atmospheric contaminants such as ozone and particulate matter (PM) is often based on measured data from fixed ambient (outdoors) Air Monitoring Stations. This results in an artificial characterization of indoor exposures, as concentrations and physicochemical attributes of indoor pollutants vary significantly and are different from corresponding outdoor values. A mechanistically-based modeling approach is presented here that aims to improve estimates for the outdoor/indoor relationships of photochemical pollutants and of associated fine particles and, subsequently, of human exposure assessments. New approaches for refining the spatial, temporal, and indoor/outdoor patterns of gas phase photochemical contaminants and PM are currently being developed and tested. These approaches are combined with information from either ambient monitoring networks or from ambient air quality models that consider aerosol physics and chemistry coupled with gas phase photochemistry (e.g. UAM-AERO). This process utilizes Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and Relational Database (RD) methods, to facilitate detailed exposure scenario construction (involving e.g. the geographic location of an individual considered in time) and to aid in the estimation of population exposure over selected geographic areas. The combination of monitor data or air quality modeling with microenvironmental modeling in a GIS framework can potentially provide a useful platform for more accurate assessments of human exposure to co-occurring gas and particulate phase air pollutants.

  14. Field Results from Application of the Outdoor-Air/Economizer Diagnostician for Commissioning and O&M

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pratt, Robert G.; Katipamula, Srinivas; Brambley, Michael R.; Blanc, Steven L.

    2000-05-31

    This paper presents results of field testing an automated diagnostician for outdoor-air-supply and economizer systems that can be used for commissioning purposes. The fundamental capabilities of the tool are described and key results of its application on six air handlers in a large hotel building are discussed. Ancillary issues pertinent to the development and application of such tools are also presented.

  15. Benefits and costs of tourism and outdoor recreation in the Natural Park of the Ampezzo Dolomites (Veneto-Italy)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tempesta, Tiziano

    1 Benefits and costs of tourism and outdoor recreation in the Natural Park of the Ampezzo Dolomites and costs. This is particularly important in the protected areas in the mountains, where ecosystems are fragile and tourism impact may be very dangerous. Nowadays, there is a great lack of information on costs

  16. Measuring the Optical Performance of Evacuated Receivers via an Outdoor Thermal Transient Test: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kutscher, C.; Burkholder, F.; Netter, J.

    2011-08-01

    Modern parabolic trough solar collectors operated at high temperatures to provide the heat input to Rankine steam power cycles employ evacuated receiver tubes along the collector focal line. High performance is achieved via the use of a selective surface with a high absorptance for incoming short-wave solar radiation and a low emittance for outgoing long-wave infrared radiation, as well as the use of a hard vacuum to essentially eliminate convective and conductive heat losses. This paper describes a new method that determines receiver overall optical efficiency by exposing a fluid-filled, pre-cooled receiver to one sun outdoors and measuring the slope of the temperature curve at the point where the receiver temperature passes the glass envelope temperature (that is, the point at which there is no heat gain or loss from the absorber). This transient test method offers the potential advantages of simplicity, high accuracy, and the use of the actual solar spectrum.

  17. Heat and moisture transfer through building envelope components subjected to outdoor weather conditions including rain

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jayamaha, S.E.G. [National Univ. of Singapore (Singapore). Dept. of Mechanical Engineering

    1997-05-01

    Singapore experiences a warm and humid climate with abundant rainfall during the entire year. Such conditions are typical of tropical climates where many of today`s metropolitan cities are situated. Rain has been found to affect the thermal performance of building components in two ways, namely, by cooling the surface during rain and thereafter by drying of the absorbed moisture after rain. However, existing software used for predicting the thermal performance of building components do not consider such effects and are therefore inadequate for accurate estimation of the thermal performance of building components in tropical climates. To overcome these limitations, this study was carried out to investigate the simultaneous heat and moisture flow through porous building materials exposed to outdoor conditions such as solar radiation and rain.

  18. A Comparison of Nannochloropsis salina Growth Performance in Two Outdoor Pond Designs: Conventional Raceways versus the ARID Pond with Superior Temperature Management

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Crowe, Braden; Attalah, Said; Agrawal, Shweta; Waller, Peter; Ryan, Randy; Van Wagenen, Jon; Chavis, Aaron; Kyndt, John; Kacira, Murat; Ogden, Kim L.; et al

    2012-01-01

    The present study examines how climatic conditions and pond design affect the growth performance of microalgae. From January to April of 2011, outdoor batch cultures of Nannochloropsis salina were grown in three replicate 780 L conventional raceways, as well as in an experimental 7500 L algae raceway integrated design (ARID) pond. The ARID culture system utilizes a series of 8-20 cm deep basins and a 1.5 m deep canal to enhance light exposure and mitigate temperature variations and extremes. The ARID culture reached the stationary phase 27 days earlier than the conventional raceways, which can be attributed to its superiormore »temperature management and shallower basins. On a night when the air temperature dropped to -9°C, the water temperature was 18°C higher in the ARID pond than in the conventional raceways. Lipid and fatty acid content ranged from 16 to 25% and from 5 to15%, respectively, as a percentage of AFDW. Palmitic, palmitoleic, and eicosapentaenoic acids comprised the majority of fatty acids. While the ARID culture system achieved nearly double the volumetric productivity relative to the conventional raceways (0.023 versus 0.013 g L-1day-1), areal biomass productivities were of similar magnitude in both pond systems (3.47 versus 3.34 g m-2day-1), suggesting that the ARID pond design has to be further optimized, most likely by increasing the culture depth or operating at higher cell densities while maintaining adequate mixing.« less

  19. Using Wireless Power Meters to Measure Energy Use of Miscellaneous and Electronic Devices in Buildings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    UC Berkeley, Berkeley, CA USA; Brown, Richard; Lanzisera, Steven; Cheung, Hoi Ying; Lai, Judy; Jiang, Xiaofan; Dawson-Haggerty, Stephen; Taneja, Jay; Ortiz, Jorge; Culler, David

    2011-05-24

    Miscellaneous and electronic devices consume about one-third of the primary energy used in U.S. buildings, and their energy use is increasing faster than other end-uses. Despite the success of policies, such as Energy Star, that promote more efficient miscellaneous and electronic products, much remains to be done to address the energy use of these devices if we are to achieve our energy and carbon reduction goals. Developing efficiency strategies for these products depends on better data about their actual usage, but very few studies have collected field data on the long-term energy used by a large sample of devices due to the difficulty and expense of collecting device-level energy data. This paper describes the development of an improved method for collecting device-level energy and power data using small, relatively inexpensive wireless power meters. These meters form a mesh network based on Internet standard protocols and can form networks of hundreds of metering points in a single building. Because the meters are relatively inexpensive and do not require manual data downloading, they can be left in the field for months or years to collect long time-series energy use data. In addition to the metering technology, we also describe a field protocol used to collect comprehensive, robust data on the miscellaneous and electronic devices in a building. The paper presents sample results from several case study buildings, in which all the plug-in devices for several homes were metered, and a representative sample of several hundred plug-in devices in a commercial office building were metered for several months.

  20. Development of the prototype Munitions Case Moisture Meter, Model ORNL-1

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Agouridis, D.C.; Gayle, T.M.; Griest, W.H.

    1993-02-24

    There is a great need for a rapid and simple means of determining the moisture content in combustible cartridge case (ccc) munitions. Previous studies have demonstrated that accumulation of moisture in ccc rounds, such as the M829, leads to softening of the case wall and weakening of the adhesive joint. Moisture in the ccc can lead to incomplete combustion of the case upon firing the round. Currently, there are no facile methods for measuring the moisture content. A prototype portable meter for non-destructive and rapid estimation of moisture in ccc has been developed. The Munitions Case Moisture Meter Model ORNL-1 demonstrates the feasibility of developing an instrument based on the moisture dependence of dielectric properties, to measure moisture in ccc munitions in storage and in the field. These instruments are simple, inexpensive, lightweight, portable, low-power battery operated, and intrinsically safe. They provide nondestructive, noninvasive, and rapid measurements. Calibration data for the prototype are not available at this time. Therefore, calibration of the meter and the development of a scale reading directly moisture content in munitions rounds could not be completed. These data will be supplied by the US Army from its tests of the meter with actual munitions. However, experimental results on empty cccs in laboratory conditions demonstrate satisfactory performance of the instrument. Additional work is needed to bring the prototype to its optimum usefulness and accuracy for field measurements. This includes: Calibration of the meter scale with full-up munitions; Data and evaluation procedures to adjust the performance of the meter for different environmental conditions such as temperature and humidity; and Studies of the dielectric properties of moist ccc materials, as a function of frequency and temperature, are needed for adjustment of the meter for optimal performance.

  1. Development of the prototype Munitions Case Moisture Meter, Model ORNL-1. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Agouridis, D.C.; Gayle, T.M.; Griest, W.H.

    1993-02-24

    There is a great need for a rapid and simple means of determining the moisture content in combustible cartridge case (ccc) munitions. Previous studies have demonstrated that accumulation of moisture in ccc rounds, such as the M829, leads to softening of the case wall and weakening of the adhesive joint. Moisture in the ccc can lead to incomplete combustion of the case upon firing the round. Currently, there are no facile methods for measuring the moisture content. A prototype portable meter for non-destructive and rapid estimation of moisture in ccc has been developed. The Munitions Case Moisture Meter Model ORNL-1 demonstrates the feasibility of developing an instrument based on the moisture dependence of dielectric properties, to measure moisture in ccc munitions in storage and in the field. These instruments are simple, inexpensive, lightweight, portable, low-power battery operated, and intrinsically safe. They provide nondestructive, noninvasive, and rapid measurements. Calibration data for the prototype are not available at this time. Therefore, calibration of the meter and the development of a scale reading directly moisture content in munitions rounds could not be completed. These data will be supplied by the US Army from its tests of the meter with actual munitions. However, experimental results on empty cccs in laboratory conditions demonstrate satisfactory performance of the instrument. Additional work is needed to bring the prototype to its optimum usefulness and accuracy for field measurements. This includes: Calibration of the meter scale with full-up munitions; Data and evaluation procedures to adjust the performance of the meter for different environmental conditions such as temperature and humidity; and Studies of the dielectric properties of moist ccc materials, as a function of frequency and temperature, are needed for adjustment of the meter for optimal performance.

  2. Residential Lighting

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMassR&D100Nationalquestionnaires 0 Averagequestionnaires 7tniLighting Sign In

  3. LED Lighting Basics

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Light-Emitting diodes (LEDs) efficiently produce light in a fundamentally different way than any legacy or traditional source of light.

  4. Optical position meters analyzed in the non-inertial reference frames

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sergey P. Tarabrin; Alexander A. Seleznyov

    2008-09-03

    In the framework of General Relativity we develop a method for analysis of the operation of the optical position meters in their photodetectors proper reference frames. These frames are non-inertial in general due to the action of external fluctuative forces on meters test masses, including detectors. For comparison we also perform the calculations in the laboratory (globally inertial) reference frame and demonstrate that for certain optical schemes laboratory-based analysis results in unmeasurable quantities, in contrast to the detector-based analysis. We also calculate the response of the simplest optical meters to weak plane gravitational waves and fluctuative motions of their test masses. It is demonstrated that for the round-trip meter analysis in both the transverse-traceless (TT) and local Lorentz (LL) gauges produces equal results, while for the forward-trip meter corresponding results differ in accordance with different physical assumptions (e.g. procedure of clocks synchronization) implicitly underlying the construction of the TT and LL gauges.

  5. Improved TPB-coated Light Guides for Liquid Argon TPC Light Detection Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Z. Moss; L. Bugel; G. Collin; J. M. Conrad; B. J. P. Jones; J. Moon; M. Toups; T. Wongjirad

    2015-03-25

    Scintillation light produced in liquid argon (LAr) must be shifted from 128 nm to visible wavelengths in light detection systems used for liquid argon time-projection chambers (LArTPCs). To date, LArTPC light collection systems have employed tetraphenyl butadiene (TPB) coatings on photomultiplier tubes (PMTs) or plates placed in front of the PMTs. Recently, a new approach using TPB-coated light guides was proposed. In this paper, we report on light guides with improved attenuation lengths above 100 cm when measured in air. This is an important step in the development of meter-scale light guides for future LArTPCs. Improvements come from using a new acrylic-based coating, diamond-polished cast UV transmitting acrylic bars, and a hand-dipping technique to coat the bars. We discuss a model for connecting bar response in air to response in liquid argon and compare this to data taken in liquid argon. The good agreement between the prediction of the model and the measured response in liquid argon demonstrates that characterization in air is sufficient for quality control of bar production. This model can be used in simulations of light guides for future experiments.

  6. OTRA-THS MAC to reduce Power Outage Data Collection Latency in a smart meter network

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Garlapati, Shravan K; Kuruganti, Phani Teja; Buehrer, Richard M; Reed, Jeffrey H

    2014-01-01

    The deployment of advanced metering infrastructure by the electric utilities poses unique communication challenges, particularly as the number of meters per aggregator increases. During a power outage, a smart meter tries to report it instantaneously to the electric utility. In a densely populated residential/industrial locality, it is possible that a large number of smart meters simultaneously try to get access to the communication network to report the power outage. If the number of smart meters is very high of the order of tens of thousands (metropolitan areas), the power outage data flooding can lead to Random Access CHannel (RACH) congestion. Several utilities are considering the use of cellular network for smart meter communications. In 3G/4G cellular networks, RACH congestion not only leads to collisions, retransmissions and increased RACH delays, but also has the potential to disrupt the dedicated traffic flow by increasing the interference levels (3G CDMA). In order to overcome this problem, in this paper we propose a Time Hierarchical Scheme (THS) that reduces the intensity of power outage data flooding and power outage reporting delay by 6/7th, and 17/18th when compared to their respective values without THS. Also, we propose an Optimum Transmission Rate Adaptive (OTRA) MAC to optimize the latency in power outage data collection. The analysis and simulation results presented in this paper show that both the OTRA and THS features of the proposed MAC results in a Power Outage Data Collection Latency (PODCL) that is 1/10th of the 4G LTE PODCL.

  7. Sandia Energy - (Lighting and) Solid-State Lighting: Science...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    (Lighting and) Solid-State Lighting: Science, Technology, Economic Perspectives Home Energy Research EFRCs Solid-State Lighting Science EFRC (Lighting and) Solid-State Lighting:...

  8. Monitoring the Thermal Power of Nuclear Reactors with a Prototype Cubic Meter Antineutrino Detector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Bernstein; N. S. Bowden; A. Misner; T. Palmer

    2008-04-30

    In this paper, we estimate how quickly and how precisely a reactor's operational status and thermal power can be monitored over hour to month time scales, using the antineutrino rate as measured by a cubic meter scale detector. Our results are obtained from a detector we have deployed and operated at 25 meter standoff from a reactor core. This prototype can detect a prompt reactor shutdown within five hours, and monitor relative thermal power to three percent within seven days. Monitoring of short-term power changes in this way may be useful in the context of International Atomic Energy Agency's (IAEA) Reactor Safeguards Regime, or other cooperative monitoring regimes.

  9. Advanced Metering Plan for Monitoring Energy and Potable Water Use in PNNL EMS4 Buildings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pope, Jason E.; Olson, Norman J.; Berman, Marc J.; Schielke, Dale R.

    2011-08-17

    This updated Advanced Metering Plan for monitoring whole building energy use in Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) EMS4 buildings on the PNNL campus has been prepared in accordance with the requirements of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (EPAct 2005), Section 103, U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Order 430.2B, and Metering Best Practices, A Guide to Achieving Utility Resource Efficiency, Federal Energy Management Program, October 2007 (Sullivan et al. 2007). The initial PNNL plan was developed in July 2007 (Olson 2007), updated in September 2008 (Olson et al. 2008), updated in September 2009 (Olson et al. 2009), and updated again in August 2010 (Olson et al. 2010).

  10. Improvements to the Rocky Flats Metrology Laboratories Velocity Meter Calibration System

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Abercrombie, K.R.

    1992-03-12

    The Rocky Flats Standards Laboratory has undertaken a project to improve calibration of air velocity meters by reducing the uncertainty of the Velocity Meter Calibration System. The project was accomplished by analyzing the governing equation in order to determine which areas within the system contributed most to the overall system uncertainty. Then, based upon this new analysis, new components were selected to replace the components identified in the analysis. Finally, the system was re-evaluated to determine the new systematic uncertainty for the system.

  11. Monitoring the Thermal Power of Nuclear Reactors with a Prototype Cubic Meter Antineutrino Detector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bernstein, A; Misner, A; Palmer, T

    2008-01-01

    In this paper, we estimate how quickly and how precisely a reactor's operational status and thermal power can be monitored over hour to month time scales, using the antineutrino rate as measured by a cubic meter scale detector. Our results are obtained from a detector we have deployed and operated at 25 meter standoff from a reactor core. This prototype can detect a prompt reactor shutdown within five hours, and monitor relative thermal power to three percent within seven days. Monitoring of short-term power changes in this way may be useful in the context of International Atomic Energy Agency's (IAEA) Reactor Safeguards Regime, or other cooperative monitoring regimes.

  12. Assessment of outdoor radiofrequency electromagnetic field exposure through hotspot localization using kriging-based sequential sampling

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aerts, Sam, E-mail: sam.aerts@intec.ugent.be; Deschrijver, Dirk; Verloock, Leen; Dhaene, Tom; Martens, Luc; Joseph, Wout

    2013-10-15

    In this study, a novel methodology is proposed to create heat maps that accurately pinpoint the outdoor locations with elevated exposure to radiofrequency electromagnetic fields (RF-EMF) in an extensive urban region (or, hotspots), and that would allow local authorities and epidemiologists to efficiently assess the locations and spectral composition of these hotspots, while at the same time developing a global picture of the exposure in the area. Moreover, no prior knowledge about the presence of radiofrequency radiation sources (e.g., base station parameters) is required. After building a surrogate model from the available data using kriging, the proposed method makes use of an iterative sampling strategy that selects new measurement locations at spots which are deemed to contain the most valuable information—inside hotspots or in search of them—based on the prediction uncertainty of the model. The method was tested and validated in an urban subarea of Ghent, Belgium with a size of approximately 1 km{sup 2}. In total, 600 input and 50 validation measurements were performed using a broadband probe. Five hotspots were discovered and assessed, with maximum total electric-field strengths ranging from 1.3 to 3.1 V/m, satisfying the reference levels issued by the International Commission on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection for exposure of the general public to RF-EMF. Spectrum analyzer measurements in these hotspots revealed five radiofrequency signals with a relevant contribution to the exposure. The radiofrequency radiation emitted by 900 MHz Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) base stations was always dominant, with contributions ranging from 45% to 100%. Finally, validation of the subsequent surrogate models shows high prediction accuracy, with the final model featuring an average relative error of less than 2 dB (factor 1.26 in electric-field strength), a correlation coefficient of 0.7, and a specificity of 0.96. -- Highlights: • We present an iterative measurement and modeling method for outdoor RF-EMF exposure. • Hotspots are rapidly identified, and accurately characterized. • An accurate graphical representation, or heat map, is created, using kriging. • Random validation shows good correlation (0.7) and low relative errors (2 dB)

  13. Sustainable Office Lighting Options

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    Sustainable Office Lighting Options Task Lighting: Task lighting is a localized method of lighting a workspace so that additional, unnecessary lighting is eliminated, decreasing energy usage and costs. Illumination levels in the targeted work areas are higher with task lighting than with the ambient levels

  14. Valuing the Invaluable: An Investigation of Outdoor Recreation Behavior, Perceived Values of Ecosystem Services, and Biophysical Conditions on Channel Islands National Park 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Riper, Carena J

    2014-05-06

    , “assigned” values of ecosystem services, and ecological values of the CINP. In first of three papers, I tested the value-belief-norm (VBN) theory of environmentalism to determine the psychological processes driving low-impact behavior among outdoor...

  15. What can we learn from high-frequency appliance-level energy metering? Results from a field experiment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, VL; Delmas, MA; Kaiser, WJ; Locke, SL

    2015-01-01

    Newborough, M. , 2003. Dynamic energy-consumption indicatorsbehaviour and design. Energy Build. 35 (8), Please cite thisfrequency appliance-level energy metering? Results from a ?

  16. Demonstration of a light-redirecting skylight system at the Palm Springs Chamber of Commerce

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lee, E.S.; Beltran, L.O.; Selkowitz, S.E. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab., CA (United States); Lau, H.; Ander, G.D. [Southern California Edison, San Dimas, CA (United States)

    1996-05-01

    As part of a demonstration project to provide a comprehensive energy upgrade to a 294 m{sup 2} (3168 ft{sup 2}) commercial building, an advanced skylight design was developed using optical light control materials and geometry to provide daylight to two adjoining offices. The skylight system was developed using outdoor physical model tests and simulation tools Limited on-site measurements and occupant polls were conducted. Market issues were addressed. The skylight systems were found to improve lighting quality and to control excessive daylight illuminance levels compared to a conventional diffusing bubble skylight. Daylighting principles developed in earlier work for vertical glazing systems (light shelves and light pipes) were shown to be applicable in skylight designs at full-scale.

  17. Feasibility Study of Developing a Virtual Chilled Water Flow Meter at Air Handling Unit Level 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Song, L.; Swamy, A.; Shim, G.

    2011-01-01

    In this paper, a virtual Air handling unit (AHU) level water flow meter is explored by using a control valve as a measurement device. The flow through the valve is indirectly calculated using differential pressure over both the valve and its...

  18. 1128 volume 27 number 12 december 2009 nature biotechnology square meter per day of algae containing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cai, Long

    1128 volume 27 number 12 december 2009 nature biotechnology square meter per day of algae, such as triglycerides from algae or cellulosic biomass from higher plants, as feedstocks for biofuel production. The algal program sought to develop high-oil-content algae that grow at very fast rates. In our report

  19. Proceedings of Power Systems 03: Distributed Generation and Advanced Metering 2002 Wichita State University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Proceedings of Power Systems 03: Distributed Generation and Advanced Metering © 2002 Wichita State are critically dependent on the fuel quality and supply parameters for optimal power delivery and overall System Friction Losses (kW) PBearing Total System Bearing Losses (kW) PCon Electrical Conversion Losses

  20. Too expensive to meter: The influence of transaction costs in transportation and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Odlyzko, Andrew M.

    , London Underground, London railways, collection costs, transaction costs, public transport 1 IntroductionToo expensive to meter: The influence of transaction costs in transportation and communication, and that in many cases such charging may lead to undesirable outcomes. Keywords: Transport, Telecommunications

  1. Capacity Analysis of a Wireless Backhaul for Metering in the Smart Grid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Namboodiri, Vinod

    Capacity Analysis of a Wireless Backhaul for Metering in the Smart Grid Babak Karimi and Vinod- tribution level takes on greater importance with the introduc- tion of the Smart Grid approach. Title XIII. By improving the communication infrastructure, a vital ingredient for the Smart Grid, a more reliable approach

  2. Compressed Meter Reading for Delay-sensitive and Secure Load Report in Smart Grid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qiu, Robert Caiming

    1 Compressed Meter Reading for Delay-sensitive and Secure Load Report in Smart Grid Husheng Li, Rukun Mao, Lifeng Lai and Robert. C. Qiu Abstract-- It is a key task in smart grid to send the readings years, the technology of smart grid has attracted significant studies in both communities of power

  3. A standard pH meter requiring calibration and using glass electrodes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wallace, Mark

    , and in September 2012 won the Frost & Sullivan 2012 North American New Product Innovation Award. In March 2013 of wasted supplies and products ­ all factors which underline the pressing need for a pH meter that does for calibration. This groundbreaking technology was patented and then licensed by Isis Innovation (the technology

  4. Direct Writing of Half-Meter Long CNT Based Fiber for Flexible Electronics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cui, Yi

    Direct Writing of Half-Meter Long CNT Based Fiber for Flexible Electronics Sihan Huang, Chunsong blocks for flexible electronic devices. We demon- strated that, by a simple hand-writing process, carbon: Ultralong fibers, aligned CNTs, controlled assembly, flexible electronics Flexibility of electronic devices

  5. Design rules for pumping and metering of highly viscous fluids in microfluidics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kenis, Paul J. A.

    Design rules for pumping and metering of highly viscous fluids in microfluidics Sarah L. Perry.1039/c0lc00035c The use of fluids that are significantly more viscous than water in microfluidics has a theoretical treatment for the flow of highly viscous fluids in deforming microfluidic channels, particularly

  6. The chromosome folding problem: How to organize a 2 meter genome into a 20 micron nucleus?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Poonen, Bjorn

    ;#12;#12;#12;Why study chromosome organization? #12;Human genome project-- now that we know our ATCGs, what do they mean? #12;Goal: Develop a parts list of functional elements in the human genome httpsThe chromosome folding problem: How to organize a 2 meter genome into a 20 micron nucleus? #12

  7. On the Effectiveness of Energy Metering on Every Dept. of Computer Science

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gnawali, Omprakash

    energy- efficient is one of the major research thrusts in the sensor network community. Energy metering of network-wide energy use. I. INTRODUCTION Energy is the most limiting resource in a sensor network for developers and users alike. Not surpris- ingly, energy-efficiency has been a major research thrust

  8. FEPMA: Fine-Grained Event-Driven Power Meter for Android Smartphones Based on Device Driver

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pedram, Massoud

    FEPMA: Fine-Grained Event-Driven Power Meter for Android Smartphones Based on Device Driver Layer for providing highly accurate and nearly instantaneous estimates of power dis- sipation in an Android smartphone the Android operating system to provide information about power/performance state changes of various

  9. Hardware Implementation of the Primary Mirror Surface Heating System for the Gemini 8 meter Telescopes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ­meter primary mirror. Keywords: seeing, resistive heating, thermal control, primary mirror 2 as a resistive heating element; the control of current flow across the mirror surface results in a controlled Block Diagram for Gemini Surface Heating System 2.4 Primary Voltage Control Subsystem: This system

  10. Hardware Implementation of the Primary Mirror Surface Heating System for the Gemini 8 meter Telescopes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -meter primary mirror. Keywords: seeing, resistive heating, thermal control, primary mirror 2 as a resistive heating element; the control of current flow across the mirror surface results in a controlled Block Diagram for Gemini Surface Heating System 2.4 Primary Voltage Control Subsystem: This system

  11. Prison Industries Metering at the Texas Department of Criminal Justice: Two Years of Operational Experience 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bryant, J.; McBride, J.; Merka, T.

    2003-01-01

    , Inc. installed a state-ofthe- art sub-metering system with the intent of meeting the needs of the TDCJ-U&E group well into the future. The system uses a web-based data acquisition interface and is capable of near real-time data acquisition and display...

  12. AgSec: Secure and Efficient CDMA-based Aggregation for Smart Metering Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Namboodiri, Vinod

    . For instance, it can be easily determined if a This work was supported in part by the Power Systems EngineeringAgSec: Secure and Efficient CDMA-based Aggregation for Smart Metering Systems Navid Alamatsaz and energy. Hence, utilizing data aggregation algorithms, the limited bandwidth can be efficiently utilized

  13. Optimal Integration of Renewable Energy Resources in Data Centers with Behind-the-Meter Renewable Generator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohsenian-Rad, Hamed

    1 Optimal Integration of Renewable Energy Resources in Data Centers with Behind-the-Meter Renewable-- Renewable energy resources, such as wind and solar power, are rapidly becoming generation technologies-temporal variations, the integration of renewable energy resources is usually very challenging. Some of the previously

  14. Too expensive to meter: The influence of transaction costs in transportation and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Odlyzko, Andrew M.

    Too expensive to meter: The influence of transaction costs in transportation and communication Pillsbury Drive SE, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA, and Digital Technology Center, University of Minnesota, 499 Walter Library, 117 Pleasant St. SE, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA Technology appears to be making fine

  15. Lighting Options for Homes.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Baker, W.S.

    1991-04-01

    This report covers many aspects of various lighting options for homes. Types of light sources described include natural light, artificial light, incandescent lamps, fluorescent lamps, and high intensity discharge lamps. A light source selection guide gives the physical characteristics of these, design considerations, and common applications. Color, strategies for efficient lighting, and types of lighting are discussed. There is one section giving tips for various situations in specific rooms. Rooms and types of fixtures are shown on a matrix with watts saved by using the recommended type lighting for that room and room location. A major emphasis of this report is saving energy by utilizing the most suitable, recommended lighting option. (BN)

  16. Mobile lighting apparatus

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Roe, George Michael; Klebanoff, Leonard Elliott; Rea, Gerald W; Drake, Robert A; Johnson, Terry A; Wingert, Steven John; Damberger, Thomas A; Skradski, Thomas J; Radley, Christopher James; Oros, James M; Schuttinger, Paul G; Grupp, David J; Prey, Stephen Carl

    2013-05-14

    A mobile lighting apparatus includes a portable frame such as a moveable trailer or skid having a light tower thereon. The light tower is moveable from a stowed position to a deployed position. A hydrogen-powered fuel cell is located on the portable frame to provide electrical power to an array of the energy efficient lights located on the light tower.

  17. A Comparison of Nannochloropsis salina Growth Performance in Two Outdoor Pond Designs: Conventional Raceways versus the ARID Pond with Superior Temperature Management

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Crowe, Braden [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Attalah, Said [Univ. of Arizona, Tucson, AZ (United States) Dept. of Agriculture and Biosystems Engineering; Agrawal, Shweta [Univ. of Arizona, Tucson, AZ (United States) Dept. of Chemical and Environmental Engineering; Waller, Peter [Univ. of Arizona, Tucson, AZ (United States) Dept. of Agriculture and Biosystems Engineering; Ryan, Randy [Univ. of Arizona, Tucson, AZ (United States) College of Agriculture; Van Wagenen, Jon [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Chavis, Aaron [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Kyndt, John [Univ. of Arizona, Tucson, AZ (United States) Dept. of Chemitstry and Biochemistry; Kacira, Murat [Univ. of Arizona, Tucson, AZ (United States) Dept. of Agriculture and Biosystems Engineering; Ogden, Kim L. [Univ. of Arizona, Tucson, AZ (United States) Dept. of Chemical and Environmental Engineering; Huesemann, Michael [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)

    2012-01-01

    The present study examines how climatic conditions and pond design affect the growth performance of microalgae. From January to April of 2011, outdoor batch cultures of Nannochloropsis salina were grown in three replicate 780 L conventional raceways, as well as in an experimental 7500 L algae raceway integrated design (ARID) pond. The ARID culture system utilizes a series of 8-20 cm deep basins and a 1.5 m deep canal to enhance light exposure and mitigate temperature variations and extremes. The ARID culture reached the stationary phase 27 days earlier than the conventional raceways, which can be attributed to its superior temperature management and shallower basins. On a night when the air temperature dropped to -9°C, the water temperature was 18°C higher in the ARID pond than in the conventional raceways. Lipid and fatty acid content ranged from 16 to 25% and from 5 to15%, respectively, as a percentage of AFDW. Palmitic, palmitoleic, and eicosapentaenoic acids comprised the majority of fatty acids. While the ARID culture system achieved nearly double the volumetric productivity relative to the conventional raceways (0.023 versus 0.013 g L-1day-1), areal biomass productivities were of similar magnitude in both pond systems (3.47 versus 3.34 g m-2day-1), suggesting that the ARID pond design has to be further optimized, most likely by increasing the culture depth or operating at higher cell densities while maintaining adequate mixing.

  18. Remote metering 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ingram, Henry Lee

    1929-01-01

    of a purely electrical nature and of much mora value to the electrical fraternity than to the 13 oil industry and that the company was interested vitally only in those patents relating to tne produotion, refining and. marweting of petrolems and its... to use and at the same time Bee+- leave open an avenue of exploitation as a premium for the development of the idea and its use to the benefit of the oocpany. ihe company oontinued the prosecution of the application on the patent Qffioe, and while...

  19. Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Net excess generation (NEG) is treated as a kilowatt-hour (kWh) credit or other compensation on the customer's following bill.* When an annual period ends, a utility will purchase unused credits...

  20. Fission meter

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Rowland, Mark S. (Alamo, CA); Snyderman, Neal J. (Berkeley, CA)

    2012-04-10

    A neutron detector system for discriminating fissile material from non-fissile material wherein a digital data acquisition unit collects data at high rate, and in real-time processes large volumes of data directly into information that a first responder can use to discriminate materials. The system comprises counting neutrons from the unknown source and detecting excess grouped neutrons to identify fission in the unknown source.

  1. Practical image based lighting 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Jaemin

    2003-01-01

    information is lighting. Image based lighting that is developed to recover illumination information of the real world from photographs has recently been popular in computer graphics. In this thesis we present a practical image based lighting method. Our...

  2. Light in the city

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Srinivasan, Kavita, 1976-

    2002-01-01

    This thesis focuses on enhancing the awareness of light for the pedestrian,and using light as a way of revealing the structure of the city and its relation to the cosmos. It proposes that aesthetic qualities of light inform ...

  3. Advances in Lighting 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tumber, A. J.

    1981-01-01

    Increasing electricity costs have made a significant impact on lighting. The Illuminating Engineering society (I.E.S.) and the lighting industry are producing new standards, procedures and products to make lighting more appropriate and energy...

  4. Natural lighting and skylights 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evans, Benjamin Hampton

    1961-01-01

    There are many physiological and psychological factors which enter into the proper design of space for human occupancy. One of these elements is light. Both natural light and manufactured light are basic tools with which any designer must work...

  5. Specific light in sculpture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Powell, John William

    1989-01-01

    Specific light is defined as light from artificial or altered natural sources. The use and manipulation of light in three dimensional sculptural work is discussed in an historic and contemporary context. The author's work ...

  6. Advanced Demand Responsive Lighting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Advanced Demand Responsive Lighting Host: Francis Rubinstein Demand Response Research Center demand responsive lighting systems ­ Importance of dimming ­ New wireless controls technologies · Advanced Demand Responsive Lighting (commenced March 2007) #12;Objectives · Provide up-to-date information

  7. Light Duty Combustion Research: Advanced Light-Duty Combustion...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Light Duty Combustion Research: Advanced Light-Duty Combustion Experiments Light Duty Combustion Research: Advanced Light-Duty Combustion Experiments 2009 DOE Hydrogen Program and...

  8. Lighting in Commercial Buildings

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    are also under consideration. Outside the DOE, the Environmental Protection Agency's Green Lights program promotes energy-efficient lighting as a means to reducing...

  9. Lighting in Commercial Buildings

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Motivation and Computation of Lighting Measures Floorspace by Lighting Equipment Configuration As described in Appendix A, for each building b, the CBECS data set has the total...

  10. Lighting in Commercial Buildings

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    more comprehensive understanding of commercial lighting and the potential for lighting energy savings. Steps to build on this analysis can be taken in many directions. One...

  11. Leavenworth Tree Lighting

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Join HERO for our annual Leavenworth Tree Lighting Ceremony & Shopping SATURDAY DECEMBER 12, 2015 Leavenworth Christmas Lighting Festival Visitors return year after year for some...

  12. Lighting in Commercial Buildings

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    light by passing electricity through mercury vapor, which causes the fluorescent coating to glow or fluoresce. High-Efficiency Ballast (HEB): A lighting conservation feature...

  13. Exciting White Lighting

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Windows that emit light and are more energy efficient? Universal Display’s PHOLED technology enables windows that have transparent light-emitting diodes in them.

  14. Design of a Net-Metering and PV Exhibit for the 2005 Solar Decathlon

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wassmer, M.; Warner, C.

    2005-01-01

    In the 2005 Solar Decathlon competition, 19 collegiate teams will design, build, and operate grid-independent homes powered by photovoltaic (PV) arrays on the National Mall. The prominence of grid-interconnected systems in the marketplace has provided the impetus for the development of a net-metering exhibit to be installed and operated during the competition. The exhibit will inform the visiting public about PV basics and appropriate alternatives to grid-independent systems. It will consist of four interactive components. One will be designed to educate people about the principles of net metering using a small PV array, a grid-interactive inverter, and a variable load. Additional components of the exhibit will demonstrate the effects of orientation, cloud cover, and nighttime on performance. The nighttime component will discuss appropriate storage options for different applications.

  15. Deployment of High Resolution Real-Time Distribution Level Metering on Maui: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bank, J.

    2013-01-01

    In order to support the ongoing Maui Smart Grid demonstration project advanced metering has been deployed at the distribution transformer level in Maui Electric Company's Kihei Circuit on the Island of Maui. This equipment has been custom designed to provide accurately time-stamped Phasor and Power Quality data in real time. Additionally, irradiance sensors have been deployed at a few selected locations in proximity to photovoltaic (PV) installations. The received data is being used for validation of existing system models and for impact studies of future system hardware. Descriptions of the hardware and its installation, and some preliminary metering results are presented. Real-time circuit visualization applications for the data are also under development.

  16. Non-invasive energy meter for fixed and variable flow systems

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Menicucci, David F.; Black, Billy D.

    2005-11-01

    An energy metering method and apparatus for liquid flow systems comprising first and second segments of one or more conduits through which a liquid flows, comprising: attaching a first temperature sensor for connection to an outside of the first conduit segment; attaching a second temperature sensor for connection to an outside of the second conduit segment; via a programmable control unit, receiving data from the sensors and calculating energy data therefrom; and communicating energy data from the meter; whereby the method and apparatus operate without need to temporarily disconnect or alter the first or second conduit segments. The invention operates with both variable and fixed flow systems, and is especially useful for both active and passive solar energy systems.

  17. The SNL100-01 blade : carbon design studies for the Sandia 100-meter blade.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Griffith, Daniel Todd

    2013-02-01

    A series of design studies to investigate the effect of carbon on blade weight and performance for large blades was performed using the Sandia 100-meter All-glass Baseline Blade design as a starting point. This document provides a description of the final carbon blade design, which is termed as SNL100-01. This report includes a summary of the design modifications applied to the baseline all-glass 100-meter design and a description of the NuMAD model files that are made publicly available. This document is intended primarily to be a companion document to the distribution of the NuMAD blade model files for SNL100-01.

  18. Borehole Gravity Meter Surveys at the Waste Treatment Plant, Hanford, Washington.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    MacQueen, Jeffrey D.; Mann, Ethan

    2007-04-06

    Microg-LaCoste (MGL) was contracted by Pacfic Northwest National Laboratories (PNNL) to record borehole gravity density data in 3 wells at the HanfordWaste Treatment Plant (WTP) site. The survey was designed to provide highly accurate density information for use in seismic modeling. The borehole gravity meter (BHGM) tool has a very large depth of investigation (hundreds of feet) compared to other density tools so it is not influenced by casing or near welbore effects, such as washouts.

  19. Metering Best Practices: A Guide to Achieving Utility Resource Efficiency, Release 3.0

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankADVANCED MANUFACTURING OFFICESpecial ReportProposal toDepartment of Energy Metering Best Practices:

  20. The Economic Value of PV and Net Metering to Residential Customers in California

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Darghouth, Naim; Barbose, Galen; Wiser, Ryan

    2010-05-17

    In this paper, we analyze the bill savings from PV for residential customers of the California's two largest electric utilities, under existing net metering tariffs as well as under several alternative compensation mechanisms. We find that economic value of PV to the customer is dependent on the structure of the underlying retail electricity rate and can vary quite significantly from one customer to another. In addition, we find that the value of the bill savings from PV generally declines with PV penetration level, as increased PV generation tends to offset lower-priced usage. Customers in our sample from both utilities are significantly better off with net metering than with a feed-in tariff where all PV generation is compensated at long-run avoided generation supply costs. Other compensation schemeswhich allow customers to displace their consumption with PV generation within each hour or each month, and are also based on the avoided costs, yield similar value to the customer as net metering.

  1. Lighting Controls | Department of Energy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Controls Lighting Controls Use lighting controls to automatically turn lights on and off as needed, and save energy. | Photo courtesy of iStockphoto.comMaliketh. Use lighting...

  2. Absolute Cavity Pyrgeometer to Measure the Absolute Outdoor Longwave Irradiance with Traceability to International System of Units, SI

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Reda, I.; Zeng, J.; Scheuch, J.; Hanssen, L.; Wilthan, B.; Myers, D.; Stoffel, T.

    2012-03-01

    This article describes a method of measuring the absolute outdoor longwave irradiance using an absolute cavity pyrgeometer (ACP), U.S. Patent application no. 13/049, 275. The ACP consists of domeless thermopile pyrgeometer, gold-plated concentrator, temperature controller, and data acquisition. The dome was removed from the pyrgeometer to remove errors associated with dome transmittance and the dome correction factor. To avoid thermal convection and wind effect errors resulting from using a domeless thermopile, the gold-plated concentrator was placed above the thermopile. The concentrator is a dual compound parabolic concentrator (CPC) with 180{sup o} view angle to measure the outdoor incoming longwave irradiance from the atmosphere. The incoming irradiance is reflected from the specular gold surface of the CPC and concentrated on the 11 mm diameter of the pyrgeometer's blackened thermopile. The CPC's interior surface design and the resulting cavitation result in a throughput value that was characterized by the National Institute of Standards and Technology. The ACP was installed horizontally outdoor on an aluminum plate connected to the temperature controller to control the pyrgeometer's case temperature. The responsivity of the pyrgeometer's thermopile detector was determined by lowering the case temperature and calculating the rate of change of the thermopile output voltage versus the changing net irradiance. The responsivity is then used to calculate the absolute atmospheric longwave irradiance with an uncertainty estimate (U{sub 95}) of {+-}3.96 W m{sup 02} with traceability to the International System of Units, SI. The measured irradiance was compared with the irradiance measured by two pyrgeometers calibrated by the World Radiation Center with traceability to the Interim World Infrared Standard Group, WISG. A total of 408 readings were collected over three different nights. The calculated irradiance measured by the ACP was 1.5 W/m{sup 2} lower than that measured by the two pyrgeometers that are traceable to WISG, with a standard deviation of {+-}0.7 W m{sup -2}. These results suggest that the ACP design might be used for addressing the need to improve the international reference for broadband outdoor longwave irradiance measurements.

  3. Results of First Outdoor Comparison Between Absolute Cavity Pyrgeometer (ACP) and Infrared Integrating Sphere (IRIS) Radiometer at PMOD (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Reda, I.; Grobner, J.; Wacker, S.; Stoffel, T.

    2013-03-01

    The ACP and IRIS are developed to establish a world reference for calibrating pyrgeometers with traceability to SI units. The two radiometers are unwindowed with negligible spectral dependence, and traceable to SI units through the temperature scale (ITS-90). The first outdoor comparison between the two designs was held from January 28 to February 8, 2013 at the Physikalisch-Metorologisches Observatorium Davos (PMOD). The difference between the irradiance measured by ACP and that of IRIS was within 1 W/m2. A difference of 5 W/m2 was observed between the irradiance measured by ACP&IRIS and that of the interim World Infrared Standard Group (WISG).

  4. The Digital Skin of Cities: Urban Theory and Research in the Age of the Sensored and Metered City, Ubiquitous Computing, and Big Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rabari, Chirag

    2013-01-01

    Metered City, Ubiquitous Computing, and Big Data A thesisMetered City, Ubiquitous Computing, and Big Data by ChiragIn concert with ubiquitous computing, and the increasing use

  5. The Digital Skin of Cities: Urban Theory and Research in the Age of the Sensored and Metered City, Ubiquitous Computing, and Big Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rabari, Chirag

    2013-01-01

    phone GPS trails, and smart energy meters (Eaton et al,People? The advent of smart energy grids, water systems,

  6. Healthcare Energy Efficiency Research and Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lanzisera,, Judy Lai, Steven M.

    2012-01-01

    outdoor temp. BTU meter, boiler & Pumps electrical power OneBTU meter, one electrical meter per boiler (e.g. 4), pumpsPlant BTU Meter $ 4000, boiler electrical meter $ 500 each,

  7. A Technique to Utilize Smart Meter Load Information for Adapting Overcurrent Protection for Radial Distribution Systems with Distributed Generations 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ituzaro, Fred Agyekum

    2012-07-16

    Smart radial distribution grids will include advanced metering infrastructure (AMI) and significant distributed generators (DGs) connected close to loads. DGs in these radial distribution systems (RDS) introduce bidirectional power flows (BPFs...

  8. Report of Energy Efficiency Study and Metering/Utilities Profile for Electric Deregulation at Tarleton State University (TSU), Stephenville, Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhu, Y.; Bryant, J.; Turner, W. D.; Claridge, D. E.

    1999-01-01

    The director of Energy Management & Controls and staff at Tarleton State University (TSU) do a very good job of maintaining TSU and keeping expenses down. They have metering installed in many buildings and track the campus energy use closely. During...

  9. The Impact of Rate Design and Net Metering on the Bill Savings from Distributed PV for Residential Customers in California

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Darghouth, Naim; Barbose, Galen; Wiser, Ryan

    2010-03-30

    Net metering has become a widespread policy in the U.S. for supporting distributed photovoltaics (PV) adoption. Though specific design details vary, net metering allows customers with PV to reduce their electric bills by offsetting their consumption with PV generation, independent of the timing of the generation relative to consumption - in effect, compensating the PV generation at retail electricity rates (Rose et al. 2009). While net metering has played an important role in jump-starting the residential PV market in the U.S., challenges to net metering policies have emerged in a number of states and contexts, and alternative compensation methods are under consideration. Moreover, one inherent feature of net metering is that the value of the utility bill savings it provides to customers with PV depends heavily on the structure of the underlying retail electricity rate, as well as on the characteristics of the customer and PV system. Consequently, the value of net metering - and the impact of moving to alternative compensation mechanisms - can vary substantially from one customer to the next. For these reasons, it is important for policymakers and others that seek to support the development of distributed PV to understand both how the bill savings varies under net metering, and how the bill savings under net metering compares to other possible compensation mechanisms. To advance this understanding, we analyze the bill savings from PV for residential customers of California's two largest electric utilities, Pacific Gas and Electric (PG&E) and Southern California Edison (SCE). The analysis is based on hourly load data from a sample of 215 residential customers located in the service territories of the two utilities, matched with simulated hourly PV production for the same time period based on data from the nearest of 73 weather stations in the state.

  10. Tips: Lighting | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Tips: Lighting Tips: Lighting Lighting choices save you money. Energy-efficient light bulbs are available in a wide variety of sizes and shapes. Lighting choices save you money....

  11. CHARACTERIZATION OF H CANYON CONDUCTIVITY METER INDICATIONS WITH ELEVATED URANIUM IN NITRIC ACID

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nash, C

    2007-10-31

    Solution conductivity data from the 1CU conductivity meter in H-Canyon shows that uranium concentration in the 0 to 30 gram per liter (g/L) range has no statistically significant effect on the calibration of free nitric acid measurement. Based on these results, no additional actions are needed on the 1CU Conductivity Meter prior to or during the processing of uranium solutions in the 0 to 30 g/L range. A model based only on free nitric acid concentration is shown to be appropriate for explaining the data. Data uncertainties for the free acid measurement of uranium-bearing solutions are 8.5% or less at 95% confidence. The analytical uncertainty for calibrating solutions is an order of magnitude smaller only when uranium is not present, allowing use of a more accurate analytical procedure. Literature work shows that at a free nitric acid level of 0.33 M, uranium concentration of 30 g/L and 25 C, solution conductivity is 96.4% of that of a uranium-free solution. The level of uncertainties in the literature data and its fitting equation do not justify calibration changes based on this small depression in solution conductivity. This work supports preparation of H-Canyon processing of Super Kukla fuel; however, the results will be applicable to the processing of any similar concentration uranium and nitric acid solution. Super Kukla fuel processing will increase the uranium concentration above the nominal zero to 10 g/L level, though not above 30 g/L. This work examined free nitric acid levels ranging from 0.18 to 0.52 molar. Temperature ranged from 27.9 to 28.3 C during conductivity testing. The data indicates that sequential order of measurement is not a significant factor. The conductivity meter was thus flushed effectively between measurements as desired.

  12. A study of the Antilles Current using moored current meter arrays 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maloney, William Everett

    1967-01-01

    characteristics of the Savcnius rotor have been reported previously by Gaul (1962). The output from the current meter is a ro11 of 16 mm photographic film containing current direction and speed data, data on case inclination, and timing pulses. An example... the summer npeia ions, wind directions and speeds were typical for this subtropical latitude being gener;illy out of the east at Table 2. Mooring nositioning data. oorlpg; I I IFix No. !:Date, " Time I !I, " L'ST :I ~L*'- 0. ! I ILongitude Il...

  13. OVERCOMING THE METER BARRIER AND THE FORMATION OF SYSTEMS WITH TIGHTLY PACKED INNER PLANETS (STIPs)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Boley, A. C.; Morris, M. A.; Ford, E. B.

    2014-09-10

    We present a solution to the long outstanding meter barrier problem in planet formation theory. As solids spiral inward due to aerodynamic drag, they will enter disk regions that are characterized by high temperatures, densities, and pressures. High partial pressures of rock vapor can suppress solid evaporation, and promote collisions between partially molten solids, allowing rapid growth. This process should be ubiquitous in planet-forming disks, which may be evidenced by the abundant class of Systems with Tightly packed Inner Planets discovered by the NASA Kepler Mission.

  14. Deployment of Behind-The-Meter Energy Storage for Demand Charge Reduction

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Neubauer, J.; Simpson, M.

    2015-01-01

    This study investigates how economically motivated customers will use energy storage for demand charge reduction, as well as how this changes in the presence of on-site photovoltaic power generation, to investigate the possible effects of incentivizing increased quantities of behind-the-meter storage. It finds that small, short-duration batteries are most cost effective regardless of solar power levels, serving to reduce short load spikes on the order of 2.5% of peak demand. While profitable to the customer, such action is unlikely to adequately benefit the utility as may be desired, thus highlighting the need for modified utility rate structures or properly structured incentives.

  15. Google's looking smarter about advanced metering than long-laboring utilities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2009-07-15

    In late May, Google announced a partnership with eight utilities in six states in the U.S. plus Canada and India to enable roughly 10 million customers to 'access detailed information on their home energy use.' What is different about the new product is that consumers can view simple graphical displays of their power usage more or less in real time from anywhere there is access to the Internet. That may ultimately turn PowerMeter into a powerful tool to manage electricity consumption on truly large scale and at very low cost.

  16. Tips: Smart Meters and a Smarter Power Grid | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative FuelsofProgram: Report1538-1950 Timeline of Events:Smart Meters and a Smarter Power

  17. Deficiencies of Lighting Codes and Ordinances in Controlling Light Pollution from Parking Lot Lighting Installations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Royal, Emily

    2012-05-31

    The purpose of this research was to identify the main causes of light pollution from parking lot electric lighting installations and highlight the deficiencies of lighting ordinances in preventing light pollution. Using an industry-accepted lighting...

  18. OpenGL Lighting 13. OpenGL Lighting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McDowell, Perry

    OpenGL Lighting 13. OpenGL Lighting · Overview of Lighting in OpenGL In order for lighting to have an effect in OpenGL, two things are required: A light An object to be lit Lights can be set to any color determine how they reflect the light which hits them. The color(s) of an object is determined

  19. CONNECTED LIGHTING SYSTEMS MEETING

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    There is a lot of buzz today about the Internet of Things and the convergence of intelligent controllable light sources, communication networks, sensors, and data exchange in future lighting...

  20. Fast Light, Fast Neutrinos?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kevin Cahill

    2011-10-10

    In certain media, light has been observed with group velocities faster than the speed of light. The recent OPERA report of superluminal 17 GeV neutrinos may describe a similar phenomenon.

  1. Kyler Nelson Light Timer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kachroo, Pushkin

    designated by the user, the Arduino board will dim the light to save energy. The user designates the time instance, the light is dimmed using pulse width modulation (PWM) in the Arduino's pin number 11

  2. Automatic lighting controls demonstration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rubinstein, F.; Verderber, R.

    1990-03-01

    The purpose of this work was to demonstrate, in a real building situation, the energy and peak demand reduction capabilities of an electronically ballasted lighting control system that can utilize all types of control strategies to efficiently manage lighting. The project has demonstrated that a state-of-the-art electronically ballasted dimmable lighting system can reduce energy and lighting demand by as least 50% using various combinations of control strategies. By reducing light levels over circulation areas (tuning) and reducing after hours light levels to accommodate the less stringent lighting demands of the cleaning crew (scheduling), lighting energy consumption on weekdays was reduced an average of 54% relative to the initial condition. 10 refs., 14 figs., 3 tabs.

  3. Lighting and Daylight Harvesting 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bos, J.

    2011-01-01

    in 1992 to serve the lighting design needs of the architectural and interior design communities. With over fifty years of combined experience, our areas of expertise range from architectural and theatrical lighting to custom fixture design. Bos... Lighting Design We are active members of the International Association of Lighting Designers, the American Institute of Architects, the Illuminating Engineering Society, International Dark Skies Association and the United States Green Building Council...

  4. LED Lighting Retrofit 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shaw-Meadow, N.

    2011-01-01

    kWh is the one that never gets used? ?Dedicated to making environmentally responsible products? Ringdale Introduction LED Roadway Lighting Better Light, Fewer Watts. Period. Nathan Shaw-Meadow LED Lighting Specialist Ringdale ActiveLED ESL.../exponential efficiency growth often deters investment today 7 Challenges to Implementation ESL-KT-11-11-57 CATEE 2011, Dallas, Texas, Nov. 7 ? 9, 2011 ? Municipal Street Light Case Study 8 ? Replaced 400W High Pressure Sodium fixtures with 52W Active...

  5. PHY and MAC Layer Design of Hybrid Spread Spectrum Based Smart Meter Network

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kuruganti, Phani Teja

    2012-01-01

    The smart grid is a combined process of revitalizing the traditional power grid applications and introducing new applications to improve the efficiency of power generation, transmission and distribution. This can be achieved by leveraging advanced communication and networking technologies. Therefore the selection of the appropriate communication technology for different smart grid applications has been debated a lot in the recent past. After comparing different possible technologies, a recent research study has arrived at a conclusion that the 3G cellular technology is the right choice for distribution side smart grid applications like smart metering, advanced distribution automation and demand response management system. In this paper, we argue that the current 3G/4G cellular technologies are not an appropriate choice for smart grid distribution applications and propose a Hybrid Spread Spectrum (HSS) based Advanced Metering Infrastructure (AMI) as one of the alternatives to 3G/4G technologies. We present a preliminary PHY and MAC layer design of a HSS based AMI network and evaluate their performance using matlab and NS2 simulations. Also, we propose a time hierarchical scheme that can significantly reduce the volume of random access traffic generated during blackouts and the delay in power outage reporting.

  6. A Near-Infrared Spectroscopic Survey at the SDSS 2.5-meter Telescope?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Skrutskie, Michael F

    2015-01-01

    We are posting this 10-year-old white paper to support an upcoming survey description paper for the SDSS-III Apache Point Galactic Evolution Experiment (APOGEE) led by PI Dr. Steven Majewski. The white paper presented here was a contribution to a 2005 "futures" planning process for the Astrophysical Research Consortium led by Dr. Donald York that examined both prospects for extending the work of SDSS and SDSS-II as well as enhancing the capabilities of the Apache Point 3.5-meter telescope and the overall scientific reach of the Consortium. This particular white paper describes the potential for using the Sloan 2.5-meter telescope and its fiber optic infrastructure to conduct a galactic plane chemical abundance survey in the low-extinction 1.6um H-band. The survey would target >1000 red giant stars per night selected from the Two Micron All Sky Survey using a >200 fiber near-infrared spectrograph operating at spectral resolution of R~24,000 with a magnitude limit of H~12 - very close to the final APOGEE implem...

  7. Designing and Operating Through Compromise: Architectural Analysis of CKMS for the Advanced Metering Infrastructure

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Duren, Mike; Aldridge, Hal; Abercrombie, Robert K; Sheldon, Frederick T

    2013-01-01

    Compromises attributable to the Advanced Persistent Threat (APT) highlight the necessity for constant vigilance. The APT provides a new perspective on security metrics (e.g., statistics based cyber security) and quantitative risk assessments. We consider design principals and models/tools that provide high assurance for energy delivery systems (EDS) operations regardless of the state of compromise. Cryptographic keys must be securely exchanged, then held and protected on either end of a communications link. This is challenging for a utility with numerous substations that must secure the intelligent electronic devices (IEDs) that may comprise complex control system of systems. For example, distribution and management of keys among the millions of intelligent meters within the Advanced Metering Infrastructure (AMI) is being implemented as part of the National Smart Grid initiative. Without a means for a secure cryptographic key management system (CKMS) no cryptographic solution can be widely deployed to protect the EDS infrastructure from cyber-attack. We consider 1) how security modeling is applied to key management and cyber security concerns on a continuous basis from design through operation, 2) how trusted models and key management architectures greatly impact failure scenarios, and 3) how hardware-enabled trust is a critical element to detecting, surviving, and recovering from attack.

  8. Simulation of Coating -Visco-Elastic liquid in the Mico-Nip of Metering Size Press

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    El-Sadi, Haifa

    2008-01-01

    For a set of operating conditions and coating color formulations, undesirable phenomena like color spitting and coating ribs may be triggered in the Micro-nip during the coating process. Therefore, our interest in this work focus on another parameter affect on the undesirable phenomena as the vortices in the Micro-nip. The problem deals with the flow through the Micro-nip of metering size press. The flow enters and exits at a tangential velocity of 20 m/s between two rollers with diameter 80 cm and 60 -m apart. In the upper and bottom part of the domain the angular velocity is 314 rad /s. It has one sub-domain. Previous studies focus on the Micro-nip without considering the inertia and the viscoelasticity of the material. Roll coating is a technique commonly used in the coating industry to meter a thin fluid film on a moving substrate. During the film formation, the fluid is subjected to very high shear and extensional rates over a very short period of time. The fluid domain changes as a function of the hydro...

  9. Uncertainty quantification in application of the enrichment meter principle for nondestructive assay of special nuclear material

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Burr, Tom; Croft, Stephen; Jarman, Kenneth D.

    2015-09-05

    The various methods of nondestructive assay (NDA) of special nuclear material (SNM) have applications in nuclear nonproliferation, including detection and identification of illicit SNM at border crossings, and quantifying SNM at nuclear facilities for safeguards. No assay method is complete without “error bars,” which provide one way of expressing confidence in the assay result. Consequently, NDA specialists typically quantify total uncertainty in terms of “random” and “systematic” components, and then specify error bars for the total mass estimate in multiple items. Uncertainty quantification (UQ) for NDA has always been important, but it is recognized that greater rigor is needed andmore »achievable using modern statistical methods. To this end, we describe the extent to which the guideline for expressing uncertainty in measurements (GUM) can be used for NDA. Also, we propose improvements over GUM for NDA by illustrating UQ challenges that it does not address, including calibration with errors in predictors, model error, and item-specific biases. A case study is presented using low-resolution NaI spectra and applying the enrichment meter principle to estimate the U-235 mass in an item. The case study illustrates how to update the current American Society for Testing and Materials guide for application of the enrichment meter principle using gamma spectra from a NaI detector.« less

  10. Light emitting device comprising phosphorescent materials for white light generation

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Thompson, Mark E.; Dapkus, P. Daniel

    2014-07-22

    The present invention relates to phosphors for energy downconversion of high energy light to generate a broadband light spectrum, which emit light of different emission wavelengths.

  11. And the Oscar for Sustainable Mobile Lighting Goes to.... Lighting...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    And the Oscar for Sustainable Mobile Lighting Goes to.... Lighting Up Operations with Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Technology And the Oscar for Sustainable Mobile Lighting Goes to.......

  12. PV modules, with a life measured in decades, will typically be in place longer than the outdoor unit of a HVAC system.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Eric E.

    PV modules, with a life measured in decades, will typically be in place longer than the outdoor and repaired promptly. PV systems suffer gradual degradation that is often not monitored, and the PV array may with copper conductors. On the other hand, PV systems have numerous modules (tens to thousands) and mounting

  13. Advancements in sensing and perception using structured lighting techniques :an LDRD final report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Novick, David Keith; Padilla, Denise D.; Davidson, Patrick A. Jr.; Carlson, Jeffrey J.

    2005-09-01

    This report summarizes the analytical and experimental efforts for the Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) project entitled ''Advancements in Sensing and Perception using Structured Lighting Techniques''. There is an ever-increasing need for robust, autonomous ground vehicles for counterterrorism and defense missions. Although there has been nearly 30 years of government-sponsored research, it is undisputed that significant advancements in sensing and perception are necessary. We developed an innovative, advanced sensing technology for national security missions serving the Department of Energy, the Department of Defense, and other government agencies. The principal goal of this project was to develop an eye-safe, robust, low-cost, lightweight, 3D structured lighting sensor for use in broad daylight outdoor applications. The market for this technology is wide open due to the unavailability of such a sensor. Currently available laser scanners are slow, bulky and heavy, expensive, fragile, short-range, sensitive to vibration (highly problematic for moving platforms), and unreliable for outdoor use in bright sunlight conditions. Eye-safety issues are a primary concern for currently available laser-based sensors. Passive, stereo-imaging sensors are available for 3D sensing but suffer from several limitations : computationally intensive, require a lighted environment (natural or man-made light source), and don't work for many scenes or regions lacking texture or with ambiguous texture. Our approach leveraged from the advanced capabilities of modern CCD camera technology and Center 6600's expertise in 3D world modeling, mapping, and analysis, using structured lighting. We have a diverse customer base for indoor mapping applications and this research extends our current technology's lifecycle and opens a new market base for outdoor 3D mapping. Applications include precision mapping, autonomous navigation, dexterous manipulation, surveillance and reconnaissance, part inspection, geometric modeling, laser-based 3D volumetric imaging, simultaneous localization and mapping (SLAM), aiding first responders, and supporting soldiers with helmet-mounted LADAR for 3D mapping in urban-environment scenarios. The technology developed in this LDRD overcomes the limitations of current laser-based 3D sensors and contributes to the realization of intelligent machine systems reducing manpower need.

  14. Light extraction from organic light-emitting diodes for lighting applications by sand-blasting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Light extraction from organic light-emitting diodes for lighting applications by sand@ust.hk Abstract: Light extraction from organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) by scattering the light is one of the effective methods for large-area lighting applications. In this paper, we present a very simple and cost

  15. Induction Lighting: An Old Lighting Technology Made New Again

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Induction lighting is one of the best kept secrets in energy-efficient lighting. Simply stated, induction lighting is essentially a fluorescent light without electrodes or filaments, the items that...

  16. Demonstration Assessment of Light Emitting Diode (LED) Walkway Lighting at the Federal Aviation Administration William J. Hughes Technical Center, in Atlantic City, New Jersey

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kinzey, Bruce R.; Myer, Michael

    2008-03-18

    This report documents the results of a collaborative project to demonstrate a solid state lighting (SSL) general illumination product in an outdoor area walkway application. In the project, six light-emitting diode (LED) luminaires were installed to replace six existing high pressure sodium (HPS) luminaires mounted on 14-foot poles on a set of exterior walkways and stairs at the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) William J. Hughes Technical Center in Atlantic City, New Jersey, during December, 2007. The effort was a U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) SSL Technology Gateway Demonstration that involved a collaborative teaming agreement between DOE, FAA and Ruud Lighting (and their wholly owned division, Beta LED). Pre- and post-installation power and illumination measurements were taken and used in calculations of energy savings and related economic payback, while personnel impacted by the new lights were provided questionnaires to gauge their perceptions and feedback. The SSL product demonstrated energy savings of over 25% while maintaining illuminance levels and improving illuminance uniformity. PNNL's economic analysis yielded a variety of potential payback results depending on the assumptions used. In the best case, replacing HPS with the LED luminaire can yield a payback as low as 3 years. The new lamps were quite popular with the affected personnel, who gave the lighting an average score of 4.46 out of 5 for improvement.

  17. Developing a dynamic envelope/lighting control system with field measurements

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    DiBartolomeo, D.L.; Lee, E.S.; Rubinstein, F.M.; Selkowitz, S.E.

    1996-05-01

    The feasibility of an intelligent venetian blind/lighting control system was tested in a 1:3 scale model outdoors under variable sun and sky conditions. The control algorithm, block direct sun and meet the design workplane illuminance level, was implemented using commercially available and custom designed blind and lighting systems hardware. While blocking direct sunlight, the blinds were properly controlled to maintain the design workplane illuminance within a tolerance of -10%, +25% when there was sufficient daylight. When daylight levels alone were inadequate, the electric lighting control system maintained the design workplane illuminance. The electric lighting could be turned off if a user-specified time period at minimum power was exceeded. Lighting energy savings of 51-71% (southwest) and 37-75% (south) was attained for the period from 8:00 to 17:00 on clear sunny days, compared to a fixed, partially closed blind with the same lighting system. Practical details for implementation and commissioning are discussed. The impact of control variations, such as profile angle, time step interval, and control area, on energy demand is investigated.

  18. Opacity meter for monitoring exhaust emissions from non-stationary sources

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Dec, John Edward (Livermore, CA)

    2000-01-01

    Method and apparatus for determining the opacity of exhaust plumes from moving emissions sources. In operation, a light source is activated at a time prior to the arrival of a diesel locomotive at a measurement point, by means of a track trigger switch or the Automatic Equipment Identification system, such that the opacity measurement is synchronized with the passage of an exhaust plume past the measurement point. A beam of light from the light source passes through the exhaust plume of the locomotive and is detected by a suitable detector, preferably a high-rate photodiode. The light beam is well-collimated and is preferably monochromatic, permitting the use of a narrowband pass filter to discriminate against background light. In order to span a double railroad track and provide a beam which is substantially stronger than background, the light source, preferably a diode laser, must provide a locally intense beam. A high intensity light source is also desirable in order to increase accuracy at the high sampling rates required. Also included is a computer control system useful for data acquisition, manipulation, storage and transmission of opacity data and the identification of the associated diesel engine to a central data collection center.

  19. Lighting the Night: Technology, Urban Life and the Evolution of Street Lighting [Light in Place

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Holden, Alfred

    1992-01-01

    Electrical 16. "Highway Lighting by So­ dium Vapor Lamps,"Possibilities of Street: Lighting Improve­ ments," TheLaunches Broad Street Lighting Promotion Campaign," The

  20. ECE 466: LED Lighting Systems -Incandescent lightings rise and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Connors, Daniel A.

    ECE 466: LED Lighting Systems - Incandescent lightings rise and demise via government policy - Alternative Fluorescent light sources and compact fluorescent lights (CFL) to incandescents - Alternative LED light sources - Color index as well as Watts to Lumens efficiency available from all three light sources