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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "metal halide replacing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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1

Transport phenomena in metal-halide lamps a poly-diagnostic study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

/ spectroscopie. Subject headings: gas discharges / metal-halide lamps / plasma diagnostics / plasma properties-halide arc lamps . . . . . . . . . . . 7 1.3 Scope of ThesisTransport phenomena in metal-halide lamps a poly-diagnostic study Tanya Nimalasuriya #12;Copyright

Eindhoven, Technische Universiteit

2

Spatial and time-dependent distribution of plasma parameters in the metal-halide arc lamp.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Spatial and time-dependent distribution of plasma parameters in the metal-halide arc lamp. A. Khakhaev, L. Luizova, K. Ekimov and A. Soloviev Petrozavodsk State University, Russia The metal-halide arc lamp is an effective light source and its investigation has a long history, but even at present some

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

3

Spectroscopic effects of disorder and vibrational localization in mixed-halide metal-halide chain solids  

SciTech Connect

Resonance Raman techniques, together with lattice-dynamics and Peierls-Hubbard modelling, are used to explore the electronic and vibrational dynamics of the quasi-one-dimensional metal-halogen chain solids [Pt(en){sub 2}][R(en){sub 2}X{sub 2}](ClO{sub 4}){sub 4}, (en = C{sub 2}H{sub 8}N{sub 2} and X=Cl, Br), abbreviated ``PLX.`` The mixed-halide materials PtCl{sub 1-x}Br{sub x} and PtCl{sub 1-x}I{sub x} consist of long mixed chains with heterojunctions between segments of the two constituent materials. Thus, in addition to providing mesoscale modulation of the chain electronic states, they serve as prototypes for elucidating the properties to be expected for macroscopic heterojunctions of these highly nonlinear materials. Once a detailed understanding of the various local vibrational modes occurring in these disordered solids is developed, the electronic structure of the chain segments and junctions can be probed by tuning the Raman excitation through their various electronic resonances.

Love, S.P.; Scott, B.; Worl, L.A.; Huckett, S.C.; Saxena, A.; Huang, X.Z.; Bishop, A.R.; Swanson, B.I.

1993-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Cobalt discovery replaces precious metals as industrial catalyst  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

replaces precious metals Cobalt discovery replaces precious metals as industrial catalyst Cobalt holds promise as an industrial catalyst with potential applications in such...

5

Cobalt discovery replaces precious metals as industrial catalyst  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Replaces Precious Metals Cobalt discovery replaces precious metals as industrial catalyst Cobalt holds promise as an industrial catalyst with potential applications in such...

6

Spectroscopic effects of disorder and vibrational localization in mixed-halide metal-halide chain solids  

SciTech Connect

Resonance Raman techniques, together with lattice-dynamics and Peierls-Hubbard modelling, are used to explore the electronic and vibrational dynamics of the quasi-one-dimensional metal-halogen chain solids [Pt(en)[sub 2

Love, S.P.; Scott, B.; Worl, L.A.; Huckett, S.C.; Saxena, A.; Huang, X.Z.; Bishop, A.R.; Swanson, B.I.

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Stability diagrams for fourfold coordination of polyvalent metal ions in molten mixtures of halide salts  

SciTech Connect

The stability of local fourfold coordination for divalent and trivalent metal ions in liquid mixtures of polyvalent metal halides and alkali halides is classified by means of structural coordinates obtained from properties of the elements. In parallel with earlier classifications of compound crystal structures and molecular shapes, the elemental properties are taken from first-principles calculations of valence electron orbitals in atoms, in the form of (i) the nodal radii of Andreoni, Baldereschi and Guizzetti or (ii) the pseudopotential radii or Zunger and Cohen. As a third alternative a classification based on Pettifor's phenomenological chemical scale of the elements is also considered. The alternative structural classification schemes that are developed from these elemental properties are generally successfully in distinguishing molten mixtures in which the available experimental evidence indicates long-lived fourfold coordination of polyvalent metal ions. In addition, Pettifor's chemical scale scheme is useful in sorting out finer details of local coordination in the liquid state. 3 figs., 71 refs.

Akdeniz, Z. (International Centre for Theoretical Physics, Trieste (Italy) Istanbul Univ. (Turkey). Dept. of Physics); Tosi, M.P. (Trieste Univ. (Italy). Dipt. di Fisica Teorica Argonne National Lab., IL (USA))

1988-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Transition metal ion-assisted photochemical generation of alkyl halides and hydrocarbons from carboxylic acids  

SciTech Connect

Near-UV photolysis of aqueous solutions of propionic acid and aqueous Fe3+ in the absence of oxygen generates a mixture of hydrocarbons (ethane, ethylene and butane), carbon dioxide, and Fe2+. The reaction becomes mildly catalytic (about five turnovers) in the presence of oxygen which converts a portion of alkyl radicals to oxidizing intermediates that reoxidize Fe2+. The photochemistry in the presence of halide ions (X? = Cl?, Br?) generates ethyl halides via halogen atom abstraction from FeXn3?n by ethyl radicals. Near-quantitative yields of C2H5X are obtained at ?0.05 M X?. Competition experiments with Co(NH3)5Br2+ provided kinetic data for the reaction of ethyl radicals with FeCl2+ (k = (4.0 ± 0.5) × 106 M?1 s?1) and with FeBr2+ (k = (3.0 ± 0.5) × 107 M?1 s?1). Photochemical decarboxylation of propionic acid in the presence of Cu2+ generates ethylene and Cu+. Longer-chain acids also yield alpha olefins as exclusive products. These reactions become catalytic under constant purge with oxygen which plays a dual role. It reoxidizes Cu+ to Cu2+, and removes gaseous olefins to prevent accumulation of Cu+(olefin) complexes and depletion of Cu2+. The results underscore the profound effect that the choice of metal ions, the medium, and reaction conditions exert on the photochemistry of carboxylic acids.

Carraher, Jack; Pestovsky, Oleg; Bakac, Andreja

2012-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

9

190 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON PLASMA SCIENCE, VOL. 30, NO. 1, FEBRUARY 2002 Gap Closure in a Cold Metal Halide Lamp  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

lamp has been investigated using a two-dimensional, plasma transport model. Im- ages are presented- charge devices, lighting, plasma applications. METAL halide high-intensity-discharge (HID) lamps op- erate as high-pressure thermal arcs [1]. The cold fills of HID lamps are typically 50­100 torr of a rare

Kushner, Mark

10

New Energy Efficiency Standards for Metal Halide Lamp Fixtures to Save on Energy Bills and Reduce Carbon Pollution  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

As part of the Energy Department’s efforts to develop efficiency standards that cut carbon pollution and save money by saving energy, U.S. Energy Secretary Ernest Moniz announced that the Department has finalized new energy efficiency standards for metal halide lamp fixtures.

11

Cobalt discovery replaces precious metals as industrial catalyst  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cobalt Discovery Replaces Precious Metals Cobalt Discovery Replaces Precious Metals Cobalt discovery replaces precious metals as industrial catalyst Cobalt holds promise as an industrial catalyst with potential applications in such energy-related technologies such as production of biofuels and reduction of carbon dioxide. November 26, 2012 The artwork depicts the substitution of cobalt for precious metals in catalysis as a variation on the ancient alchemical theme of transmuting base metals into precious ones. The artwork depicts the substitution of cobalt for precious metals in catalysis as a variation on the ancient alchemical theme of transmuting base metals into precious ones. Contact Nancy Ambrosiano Communications Office (505) 699-1149 Email Catalysts are also integral to thousands of industrial, synthetic, and

12

Cobalt discovery replaces precious metals as industrial catalyst  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cobalt discovery replaces precious metals Cobalt discovery replaces precious metals Cobalt discovery replaces precious metals as industrial catalyst Cobalt holds promise as an industrial catalyst with potential applications in such energy-related technologies such as production of biofuels and reduction of carbon dioxide. November 26, 2012 The artwork depicts the substitution of cobalt for precious metals in catalysis as a variation on the ancient alchemical theme of transmuting base metals into precious ones. The artwork depicts the substitution of cobalt for precious metals in catalysis as a variation on the ancient alchemical theme of transmuting base metals into precious ones. Contact Nancy Ambrosiano Communications Office (505) 699-1149 Email Catalysts are also integral to thousands of industrial, synthetic, and

13

Cobalt discovery replaces precious metals as industrial catalyst  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cobalt Discovery Replaces Precious Metals Cobalt Discovery Replaces Precious Metals Cobalt discovery replaces precious metals as industrial catalyst Cobalt holds promise as an industrial catalyst with potential applications in such energy-related technologies such as production of biofuels and reduction of carbon dioxide. November 26, 2012 The artwork depicts the substitution of cobalt for precious metals in catalysis as a variation on the ancient alchemical theme of transmuting base metals into precious ones. The artwork depicts the substitution of cobalt for precious metals in catalysis as a variation on the ancient alchemical theme of transmuting base metals into precious ones. Contact Nancy Ambrosiano Communications Office (505) 699-1149 Email Catalysts are also integral to thousands of industrial, synthetic, and

14

Spatial and time-dependent distribution of plasma parameters in the metal-halide arc lamp  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It was shown by several authors that closed high pressure arc a.c. discharge in mercury vapors with addition of metal halide cannot be described in frames of the local thermodynamic equilibrium (LTE) model. However some plasma parameters (electron and high lying excited states densities as well as Hg metastable levels densities) are assumed to be in equilibrium with electron temperature and these assumptions are applied in plasma diagnostics. To verify these supposition the method of local plasma spectroscopy based on spatial and temporal distribution of spectral line profiles was developed. The experimental set up is based on diffraction spectrometer with large aperture, spatial scanning device and photodetector, which allows to carry out the measurements in chosen phases of current period. The software for data acquisition and processing is based on LabVIEW system. The original method of joint data processing was applied to data arrays containing spatial, spectral and temporal distribution of a source surfa...

Khakhaev, A; Ekimov, K; Soloviev, A; Khakhaev, Anatoly; Luizova, Lidia; Ekimov, Konstantin; Soloviev, Alexey

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Universal scaling of potential energy functions describing intermolecular interactions. II. The halide-water and alkali metal-water interactions  

SciTech Connect

The scaled forms of the newly introduced generalized potential energy functions (PEFs) describing intermolecular interactions [J. Chem. Phys. xx, yyyyy (2011)] have been used to fit the ab-initio minimum energy paths (MEPs) for the halide- and alkali metal-water systems X-(H2O), X=F, Cl, Br, I, and M+(H2O), M=Li, Na, K, Rb, Cs. These generalized forms produce fits to the ab-initio data that are between one and two orders of magnitude better in the ?2 than the original forms of the PEFs. They were found to describe both the long-range, minimum and repulsive wall of the potential energy surface quite well. Overall the 4-parameter extended Morse (eM) and generalized Buckingham exponential-6 (gB-e6) potentials were found to best fit the ab-initio data. Furthermore, a single set of parameters of the reduced form was found to describe all candidates within each class of interactions. The fact that in reduced coordinates a whole class of interactions can be represented by a single PEF, yields the simple relationship between the molecular parameters associated with energy (well depth, ?), structure (equilibrium distance, rm) and spectroscopy (anharmonic frequency, ?):€? = A? (? /?)1/ 2 /rm + B?? /rm 3 , where A and B are constants depending on the underlying PEF. This more general case of Badger’s rule has been validated using the experimentally measured frequencies of the hydrogen bonded OH stretching vibrations in the halide-water series.

Werhahn, Jasper C.; Akase, Dai; Xantheas, Sotiris S.

2014-08-14T23:59:59.000Z

16

Development of Replacements for Phoscoating Used in Forging, Extrusion and Metal Forming Processes  

SciTech Connect

Many forging, extrusion, heading and other metal forming processes use graphite-based lubricants, phosphate coatings, and other potentially hazardous or harmful substances to improve the tribology of the metal forming process. The application of phosphate-based coatings has long been studied to determine if other synthetic ''clean'' lubricants could provide the same degree of protection afforded by phoscoatings and its formulations. So far, none meets the cost and performance objectives provided by phoscoatings as a general aid to the metal forming industry. In as much as phoscoatings and graphite have replaced lead-based lubricants, the metal forming industry has had previous experience with a legislated requirement to change processes. However, without a proactive approach to phoscoating replacement, many metal forming processes could find themselves without a cost effective tribology material necessary for the metal forming process

Kerry Barnett

2003-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

An opposite view data replacement approach for reducing artifacts due to metallic dental objects  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To present a conceptually new method for metal artifact reduction (MAR) that can be used on patients with multiple objects within the scan plane that are also of small sized along the longitudinal (scanning) direction, such as dental fillings. Methods: The proposed algorithm, named opposite view replacement, achieves MAR by first detecting the projection data affected by metal objects and then replacing the affected projections by the corresponding opposite view projections, which are not affected by metal objects. The authors also applied a fading process to avoid producing any discontinuities in the boundary of the affected projection areas in the sinogram. A skull phantom with and without a variety of dental metal inserts was made to extract the performance metric of the algorithm. A head and neck case, typical of IMRT planning, was also tested. Results: The reconstructed CT images based on this new replacement scheme show a significant improvement in image quality for patients with metallic dental objects compared to the MAR algorithms based on the interpolation scheme. For the phantom, the authors showed that the artifact reduction algorithm can efficiently recover the CT numbers in the area next to the metallic objects. Conclusions: The authors presented a new and efficient method for artifact reduction due to multiple small metallic objects. The obtained results from phantoms and clinical cases fully validate the proposed approach.

Yazdi, Mehran; Lari, Meghdad Asadi; Bernier, Gaston; Beaulieu, Luc [Department of Electrical Engineering, School of Engineering, Shiraz University, Shiraz 7134851154 (Iran, Islamic Republic of) and Departement de Radio-Oncologie, Ho circumflex tel-Dieu de Quebec, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Quebec, 11 Cote du Palais, Quebec, Quebec G1R 2J6 (Canada); Department of Electrical Engineering, School of Engineering, Shiraz University, Shiraz 7134851154 (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Departement de Radio-Oncologie, Ho circumflex tel-Dieu de Quebec, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Quebec, 11 Cote du Palais, Quebec, Quebec G1R 2J6 (Canada); Departement de Physique, de Genie Physique et D'optique, Universite Laval, Quebec, Quebec (Canada) and Departement de Radio-Oncologie, Hotel-Dieu de Quebec, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Quebec, 11 Cote du Palais, Quebec, Quebec G1R 2J6 (Canada)

2011-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

18

Actinide halide complexes  

SciTech Connect

A compound of the formula MX{sub n}L{sub m} wherein M = Th, Pu, Np,or Am thorium, X = a halide atom, n = 3 or 4, L is a coordinating ligand selected from the group consisting of aprotic Lewis bases having an oxygen-, nitrogen-, sulfur-, or phosphorus-donor, and m is 3 or 4 for monodentate ligands or is 2 for bidentate ligands, where n + m = 7 or 8 for monodentate ligands or 5 or 6 for bidentate ligands, a compound of the formula MX{sub n} wherein M, X, and n are as previously defined, and a process of preparing such actinide metal compounds including admixing the actinide metal in an aprotic Lewis base as a coordinating solvent in the presence of a halogen-containing oxidant, are provided.

Avens, L.R.; Zwick, B.D.; Sattelberger, A.P.; Clark, D.L.; Watkin, J.G.

1991-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

19

E-Print Network 3.0 - absorbable organic halides Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Collection: Chemistry 64 386 JACKHALPERN VOl. 3 xidative-AdditionReactions of Transition Metal Complexes Summary: peroxide, as well as various organic halides and metal...

20

E-Print Network 3.0 - alkali metal nitrate Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

METAL-ALKALI HALIDE Summary: CONDUCTIVITY OF ALKALI METAL-ALKALI HALIDE SOLUTIONS R. GILBERT and G. J. MORGAN The Physics Department... to liquid alkali metals electrons are...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "metal halide replacing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Actinide halide complexes  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A compound is described of the formula MX[sub n]L[sub m] wherein M is a metal atom selected from the group consisting of thorium, plutonium, neptunium or americium, X is a halide atom, n is an integer selected from the group of three or four, L is a coordinating ligand selected from the group consisting of aprotic Lewis bases having an oxygen-, nitrogen-, sulfur-, or phosphorus-donor, and m is an integer selected from the group of three or four for monodentate ligands or is the integer two for bidentate ligands, where the sum of n+m equals seven or eight for monodentate ligands or five or six for bidentate ligands. A compound of the formula MX[sub n] wherein M, X, and n are as previously defined, and a process of preparing such actinide metal compounds are described including admixing the actinide metal in an aprotic Lewis base as a coordinating solvent in the presence of a halogen-containing oxidant.

Avens, L.R.; Zwick, B.D.; Sattelberger, A.P.; Clark, D.L.; Watkin, J.G.

1992-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

22

E-Print Network 3.0 - ammonium halides Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

POCl3, SOCl2, SO2Cl2 Anhydrous metal halides, such as AlCl3, TiCl4, ZrCl4, SnCl4... Phosphorus pentoxide Calcium carbide Organic acid halides and anhydrides of low molecular...

23

Effects of select fluids on the friction of metal-on-polyethylene joint replacement surfaces  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Lubricants are important factors in the tribology of total joint arthroplasty (TJA) surfaces, which are primarily comprised of a polished metallic or ceramic component articulating on an Ultra-High Molecular Weight ...

Chang, Timothy C. (Timothy Chan), 1979-

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Vitrification of IFR and MSBR halide salt reprocessing wastes  

SciTech Connect

Both of the genuinely sustainable (breeder) nuclear fuel cycles (IFR - Integral Fast Reactor - and MSBR - Molten Salt Breeder Reactor -) studied by the USA's national laboratories would generate high level reprocessing waste (HLRW) streams consisting of a relatively small amount ( about 4 mole %) of fission product halide (chloride or fluoride) salts in a matrix comprised primarily (about 95 mole %) of non radioactive alkali metal halide salts. Because leach resistant glasses cannot accommodate much of any of the halides, most of the treatment scenarios previously envisioned for such HLRW have assumed a monolithic waste form comprised of a synthetic analog of an insoluble crystalline halide mineral. In practice, this translates to making a 'substituted' sodalite ('Ceramic Waste Form') of the IFR's chloride salt-based wastes and fluoroapatite of the MSBR's fluoride salt-based wastes. This paper discusses my experimental studies of an alternative waste management scenario for both fuel cycles that would separate/recycle the waste's halide and immobilize everything else in iron phosphate (Fe-P) glass. It will describe both how the work was done and what its results indicate about how a treatment process for both of those wastes should be implemented (fluoride and chloride behave differently). In either case, this scenario's primary advantages include much higher waste loadings, much lower overall cost, and the generation of a product (glass) that is more consistent with current waste management practices. (author)

Siemer, D.D. [Idaho National Laboratory, 12N 3167E, Idaho Falls, ID 83402 (United States)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Preparation of cerium halide solvate complexes  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Crystals of a solvated cerium(III) halide solvate complex resulted from a process of forming a paste of a cerium(III) halide in an ionic liquid, adding a solvent to the paste, removing any undissolved solid, and then cooling the liquid phase. Diffusing a solvent vapor into the liquid phase also resulted in crystals of a solvated cerium(III) halide complex.

Vasudevan, Kalyan V; Smith, Nickolaus A; Gordon, John C; McKigney, Edward A; Muenchaussen, Ross E

2013-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

26

Lanthanide doped strontium barium mixed halide scintillators  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention provides for a composition comprising an inorganic scintillator comprising a lanthanide-doped strontium barium mixed halide useful for detecting nuclear material.

Gundiah, Gautam; Bizarri, Gregory; Hanrahan, Stephen M; Bourret-Courchesne, Edith; Derenzo, Stephen E

2013-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

27

E-Print Network 3.0 - actinide metal complexes Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

metal actinide complex halides: thermochemical and structural Summary: on the thermodynamics of the actinide halogeno-complexes with alkali metal ions is reviewed, with...

28

Selective Solid-Liquid Extraction of Lithium Halide Salts Using a Ditopic Macrobicyclic Receptor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

pairs. The receptor can transport these salts from an aqueous phase through a liquid organic membrane and membrane transport, almost all reported efforts have focused on the transfer of lithium salts from this by binding the salts as contact ion pairs. Receptor 1 can also transport alkali metal halide salts out

Smith, Bradley D.

29

Faster Dissociation: Aryl Halide Radical Anions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Faster Dissociation: Measured Rates and Computed Effects on Barriers in Faster Dissociation: Measured Rates and Computed Effects on Barriers in Aryl Halide Radical Anions Norihiko Takeda, Pavel V. Poliakov, Andrew R. Cook, and John R. Miller J. Am. Chem. Soc. 126, 4301-4309 (2004). [Find paper at ACS Publications] Abstract: Carbon-halogen bond dissociation rates for a series of aryl halide radical anions (ArX-·: X = Cl, Br) in NMP were measured at room temperature by pulse radiolysis with 10-11 s time resolution. To obtain accurate dissociation rates, care was taken to measure and correct for competing decay channels. The observed rates correlated well with activation energies computed in the gas phase by density functional (DFT) calculations. The rates did not correlate well with electron affinities or dissociation energies obtained by the same computational methods, although such

30

Lanthanide-halide based humidity indicators  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention discloses a lanthanide-halide based humidity indicator and method of producing such indicator. The color of the present invention indicates the humidity of an atmosphere to which it is exposed. For example, impregnating an adsorbent support such as silica gel with an aqueous solution of the europium-containing reagent solution described herein, and dehydrating the support to dryness forms a substance with a yellow color. When this substance is exposed to a humid atmosphere the water vapor from the air is adsorbed into the coating on the pore surface of the silica gel. As the water content of the coating increases, the visual color of the coated silica gel changes from yellow to white. The color change is due to the water combining with the lanthanide-halide complex on the pores of the gel.

Beitz, James V. (Hinsdale, IL); Williams, Clayton W. (Chicago, IL)

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Studies of non-proportionality in alkali halide and strontium iodide scintillators using SLYNCI  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in Alkali Halide and Strontium Iodide Scintillators Usingof europium doping level in strontium iodide. Directions offor several alkali halides, strontium iodide, and lanthanum

Ahle, Larry

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

E-Print Network 3.0 - alkali halide crystals Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

STUDIES IN ALKALI HALIDES Summary: of the alkali halides (KC1) the introduction of vacancies by thermal quenching of unirra- diated crystals has... ANNIHILATION STUDIES IN...

33

Gas-Phase Identity SN2 Reactions of Halide Anions and Methyl Halides with Retention of Configuration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Gas-Phase Identity SN2 Reactions of Halide Anions and Methyl Halides with Retention back-side and front-side SN2 reactions are found to involve the same ion-molecule complex (X-,,,H3CX of a front-side SN2 reaction with retention of configuration at saturated carbon. Analysis of our

Schlegel, H. Bernhard

34

Magnetic polarizations of electrons at dislocations in alkali halides  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

interval. 25 NAGNETIC POLARIZATIONS OF ELECTRONS AT DISLOCATIONS IN ALKALI HALIDES 1. INTRODUCTION. The new magnetic effects observed in our laboratory on a number of single crystals of alkali halides are thought to be caused by electrons trapped... on d1slocations. The magnet1c properties are perhaps more interesting as a bas1c contribution to the sc1ence of magnetism than to a knowledge of d. islocations 1n these very pure, optically clear, s1ngle crystals of alkal1 halides. The gross magnet...

McClurg, Gene Roark

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

35

Computation of optimal policies in replacement models  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......the level of metal particles in an engine oil, or a vibration monitoring...Optimal replacement times--a general set-up J. Appl. Prob. 23...Proportional hazards analysis of diesel engine failure data. Quality & Reliab......

V. MAKIS; A. K. S. JARDINE

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Alkylaluminum Halide Induced Reactions of Carbonyl Compounds with Unactivated Alkenes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Aldehydes, ketones and ?,?-unsaturated aldehydes and ketones undergo a wide variety of reactions with unactivated alkenes in the presence of alkylaluminum halide catalysts. Ene reactions, Diels-Alder reactions...

Barry B. Snider

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

NREL Investigates Critical Properties of Perovskite Halides Solar...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Organometallic halide perovskites (e.g., CH 3 NH 3 PbI 3 ) are a novel class of light- absorbing materials that have demon- strated exceptional progress in solar cell...

38

Explosive composition with group VIII metal nitroso halide getter  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improved explosive composition is disclosed and comprises a major portion of an explosive having a detonation velocity between about 1,500 and 10,000 meters per second and a minor amount of a getter additive comprising a non-explosive compound or mixture of non-explosive compounds capable of chemically reacting with free radicals or ions under shock initiation conditions of 2,000 calories/cm.sup.2 or less of energy fluence.

Walker, Franklin E. (18 Shadow Oak Rd., Danville, CA 94526); Wasley, Richard J. (4290 Colgate Way, Livermore, CA 94550)

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Explosive composition with group VIII metal nitroso halide getter  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improved explosive composition is disclosed and comprises a major portion of an explosive having a detonation velocity between about 1,500 and 10,000 meters per second and a minor amount of a getter additive comprising a non-explosive compound or mixture of non-explosive compounds capable of chemically reacting with free radicals or ions under shock initiation conditions of 2,000 calories/cm[sup 2] or less of energy fluence.

Walker, F.E.; Wasley, R.J.

1982-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

40

Project Profile: Halide and Oxy-Halide Eutectic Systems for High-Performance, High-Temperature Heat Transfer Fluids  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The University of Arizona along with partners at Arizona State University and Georgia Institute of Technology, under the 2012 Multidisciplinary University Research Initiative (MURI): High Operating Temperature (HOT) Fluids funding opportunity, is investigating the use of halide salts with oxy-halide additives as a heat transfer fluid (HTF) in concentrating solar power (CSP) systems operating at temperatures greater than 800°C. By allowing higher temperature operation, CSP systems can achieve greater efficiencies and thereby reduce the overall system cost.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "metal halide replacing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Replacement of Lighting Fixtures with LED Energy Efficient Lights at the Parking Facility, Milwaukee, Wisconsin  

SciTech Connect

The Forest County Potawatomi Community (FCPC or Tribe) owns a six-story parking facility adjacent to its Potawatomi Bingo Casino (the Casino) in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, as well as a valet parking facility under the Casino (collectively, the Parking Facility). The Parking Facility contained 205-watt metal halide-type lights that, for security reasons, operated 24 hours per day, 7 days per week. Starting on August 30, 2010, the Tribe replaced these fixtures with 1,760 state-of-the-art, energy efficient 55-Watt LED lights. This project resulted in an immediate average reduction in monthly peak demand of 238 kW over the fourth quarter of 2010. The average reduction in monthly peak demand from October 1 through December 31, 2010 translates into a forecast annual electrical energy reduction of approximately 1,995,000 kWh or 47.3% of the pre-project demand. This project was technically effective, economically feasible, and beneficial to the public not only in terms of long term energy efficiency and associated emissions reductions, but also in the short-term jobs provided for the S.E. Wisconsin region. The project was implemented, from approval by U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) to completion, in less than 6 months. The project utilized off-the-shelf proven technologies that were fabricated locally and installed by local trade contractors.

David Brien

2012-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

42

Photoinduced Giant Dielectric Constant in Lead Halide Perovskite Solar Cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Perovskite solar cells have emerged as a major topic of research in photovoltaics because of the promising properties of the solution processed, low cost, and high efficiency solar cells for large-scale solar energy production. ... Illumination of the perovskite samples produces a significant increase of charge carrier density in the perovskite layer due to the high extinction coefficient of organic–inorganic lead halide perovskite. ... The effect of electron- and hole-selective contacts in the final cell performance of hybrid lead halide perovskite, CH3NH3PbI3, solar cells has been systematically analyzed by impedance spectroscopy. ...

Emilio J. Juarez-Perez; Rafael S. Sanchez; Laura Badia; Germá Garcia-Belmonte; Yong Soo Kang; Ivan Mora-Sero; Juan Bisquert

2014-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

43

TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY OF WEAKLY DEFORMED ALKALI HALIDE CRYSTALS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

377 TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY OF WEAKLY DEFORMED ALKALI HALIDE CRYSTALS H. STRUNK Max'importance croissante du durcissement de la solution solide. Abstract. 2014 Transmission electron microscopy (TEM Abstracts 7j66 - 7 I' 1. Introduction. - It is only some years ago that transmission electron microscopy

Boyer, Edmond

44

Method for providing adhesion to a metal surface  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process for treating metal surfaces to obtain improved susceptibility to bonding with adhesive compositions is disclosed. A metal surface is oxidized with a halogen to form a monolayer of halide ions on the surface. The halide ions are then exchanged with azide ions to form an azide monolayer on the metal surface. Upon contact of the treated surface with an adhesive composition, the azide layer may be thermally or photochemically decomposed to form active nitrene species, which react to bond the adhesive composition to the metal surface.

Harrah, L.A.; Allred, R.E.; Wilson, K.V. Jr.

1992-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

45

The Catalytic Conversion of d-Glucose to 5-Hydroxymethylfurfural in DMSO Using Metal Salts  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A wide range of metal halides and triflates were examined for the conversion of d-glucose to HMF in DMSO. Chromium and aluminium salts were identified as the most promising catalysts. The effect of process variab...

C. B. Rasrendra; J. N. M. Soetedjo; I. G. B. N. Makertihartha…

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Halide and Oxy-halide Eutectic Systems for High Performance High...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

setup (building a home-made enclosure to purge with N 2 ) in case salts also react with air - Quartz weight ordered to replace Ni Measure volume expansion directly...

47

Radiation Source Replacement Workshop  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes a Radiation Source Replacement Workshop in Houston Texas on October 27-28, 2010, which provided a forum for industry and researchers to exchange information and to discuss the issues relating to replacement of AmBe, and potentially other isotope sources used in well logging.

Griffin, Jeffrey W.; Moran, Traci L.; Bond, Leonard J.

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Galvanic Replacement Reactions in Metal Oxide Nanocrystals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...nanocrystals of Mn3O4/{gamma}-Fe2O3 (“nanoboxes”) were produced...nanocrystals of {gamma}-Fe2O3 (“nanocages”). Because...exhibited good performance as anode materials for lithium ion batteries...make them attractive for use as anode materials in lithium...

Myoung Hwan Oh; Taekyung Yu; Seung-Ho Yu; Byungkwon Lim; Kyung-Tae Ko; Marc-Georg Willinger; Dong-Hwa Seo; Byung Hyo Kim; Min Gee Cho; Jae-Hoon Park; Kisuk Kang; Yung-Eun Sung; Nicola Pinna; Taeghwan Hyeon

2013-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

49

Summary of Substitution and Elimination Reactions of Alkyl Halides Polar protic solvent  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

will come from E2 and/or SN2, or there will be no reaction, depending upon the structure of the alkyl halide­X E2, SN2, E1/SN1 First, you need to know which products to expect from each mechanism. Second, you: 1) 1° halides will give SN2 unless the halide is hindered on the backside by branching

Walba, David

50

E-Print Network 3.0 - alkali halides irradiated Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

U ET ASSOCIATIONS DE CENTRES COLORES ATOMIC HYDROGEN CENTRES IN IONIC CRYSTALS Summary: . Abstract. - Experimental and theoretical work on atomic hydrogen centres in alkali halides...

51

Halide and Oxy-Halide Eutectic Systems for High-Performance, High-Temperature Heat Transfer Fluids  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This fact sheet details a SunShot-funded solar project led by the University of Arizona to using ab initio computational modeling along with rapid material screening methods to identify halide salt mixtures with a melting point below 250°C that are stable at temperatures well above 800°C. This research has the potential to help concentrating solar power systems achieve greater efficiencies and reduce overall costs.

52

Retail Replacement Lamps  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Annual CALiPER testing of A19, G25, candelabra, night light, MR16/PAR16, PAR20, and PAR30 replacement lamps – purchased directly from store shelves – offers insights on performance trends from year to year. The report findings offer valuable insights for manufacturers and retailers alike.

53

Oxide Film Aging on Alloy 22 in Halide Containing Solutions  

SciTech Connect

Passive and corrosion behaviors of Alloy 22 in chloride and fluoride containing solutions, changing the heat treatment of the alloy, the halide concentration and the pH of the solutions at 90 deg. C, was investigated. The study was implemented using electrochemical techniques, which included open circuit potential monitoring over time, potentiodynamic polarization and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) measurements carried out at open circuit and at passivity potentials. Corrosion rates obtained by EIS measurements after 24 h immersion in naturally aerated solutions were below 0.5 {mu}m/year. The corrosion rates were practically independent of solution pH, alloy heat treatment and halide ion nature and concentration. EIS low frequency resistance values increased with applied potential in the passive domain and with polarization time in pH 6 - 1 M NaCl at 90 deg. C. This effect was attributed to an increase in the oxide film thickness and oxide film aging. High frequency capacitance measurements indicated that passive oxide on Alloy 22 presented a double n-type/p-type semiconductor behavior in the passive potential range. (authors)

Rodriguez, Martin A.; Carranza, Ricardo M. [Dept. Materiales, Comision Nacional de Energia Atomica, Av. Gral. Paz 1499, Villa Maipu, 1650 (Argentina); Rebak, Raul B. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, 7000 East Ave, L-631, Livermore, CA, 94550-9698 (United States)

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Liquid-Metal Electrode to Enable Ultra-Low Temperature Sodium-Beta Alumina Batteries for Renewable Energy Storage  

SciTech Connect

Metal electrodes have a high capacity for energy storage but have found limited applications in batteries because of dendrite formation and other problems. In this paper, we report a new alloying strategy that can significantly reduce the melting temperature and improve wetting with the electrolyte to allow the use of liquid metal as anode in sodium-beta alumina batteries (NBBs) at much lower temperatures (e.g., 95 to 175°C). Commercial NBBs such as sodium-sulfur (Na-S) battery and sodium-metal halide (ZEBRA) batteries typically operate at relatively high temperatures (e.g., 300-350°C) due to poor wettability of sodium on the surface of ?"-Al2O3. Our combined experimental and computational studies suggest that Na-Cs alloy can replace pure sodium as the anode material, which provides a significant improvement in wettability, particularly at lower temperatures (i.e., <200°C). Single cells with the Na-Cs alloy anode exhibit excellent cycling life over those with pure sodium anode at 175 and 150°C. The cells can even operate at 95°C, which is below the melting temperature of pure sodium. These results demonstrate that NBB can be operated at ultra lower temperatures with successfully solving the wetting issue. This work also suggests a new strategy to use liquid metal as the electrode materials for advanced batteries that can avoid the intrinsic safety issues associated with dendrite formation on the anode.

Lu, Xiaochuan; Li, Guosheng; Kim, Jin Yong; Mei, Donghai; Lemmon, John P.; Sprenkle, Vincent L.; Liu, Jun

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Resistivity measurements of halide-salt/MgO separators for thermal cells  

SciTech Connect

Resistivities of 20 compositions of halide-salt/MgO mixtures (various selections and percentages of LiF, LiCl, LiBr, KCl, KBr, CsBr, and MgO) to be used in Li-alloy/metal sulfide cells have been measured at temperatures between the melting point of a particular mixture and 500{degrees}C. The resistivities were determined with cold-pressed electrolyte-binder pellets by using a special cell and DC measuring technique. Temperature, salt composition, and MgO content were found to have a strong influence on resistivity. These factors are listed in decreasing order of the magnitude of the effect. The fabrication density (porosity) of the pellet also has some effect on resistivity. These measured resistivities provide a data base to select optimum compositions of electrolyte-binder pellets for LiSi/FeS{sub 2} thermal batteries and to calculate area-specific resistances of these components for battery modeling and optimization. 5 refs., 7 figs.

Redey, L.; McParland, M. (Argonne National Lab., IL (USA)); Guidotti, R. (Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (USA))

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Recombination Study of Combined Halides (Cl, Br, I) Perovskite Solar Cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Recombination Study of Combined Halides (Cl, Br, I) Perovskite Solar Cells ... We report on the preparation of a series of solution-processed perovskite solar cells based on methylammonium (MA) lead halide derivatives, MAPbX3, which show tunable optical properties depending on the nature and ratio of the halides employed (X = Cl, Br, and I). ... These results highlight the crucial role of the charge-recombination processes on the performance of the perovskite solar cells and pave the way for further progress on this field. ...

Belen Suarez; Victoria Gonzalez-Pedro; Teresa S. Ripolles; Rafael S. Sanchez; Luis Otero; Ivan Mora-Sero

2014-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

57

Testosterone-Replacement Therapy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...took a quiz on a commercial website. On the basis of his answers to the questions on the quiz — he answered "yes" to questions about decreased energy, decreased ability to play sports, and decreased sexual pleasure and erectile function — the site suggested that he talk to his doctor. Martin adds... Testosterone-replacement therapy for aging men is controversial and is being debated amid heightened concern about associated cardiovascular risks. This Clinical Decisions article features expert opinions from both sides of the debate. Vote and comment at NEJM.org.

2014-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

58

Fabrication of alkali halide UV photocathodes by pulsed laser deposition  

SciTech Connect

A technique has been proposed for the fabrication of atmospheric corrosion resistant alkali halide UV photocathodes by pulsed laser deposition. We produced photocathodes with a highly homogeneous photoemissive layer well-adherent to the substrate. The photocathodes were mounted in a vacuum photodiode, and a tungsten grid was used as an anode. Using pulsed UV lasers, we carried out experiments aimed at evaluating the quantum efficiency of the photocathodes. With a dc voltage applied between the photocathode and anode grid, we measured a shunt signal proportional to the total charge emitted by the cathode exposed to UV laser light. The proposed deposition technique enables one to produce photocathodes with photoemissive layers highly uniform in quantum efficiency, which is its main advantage over thin film growth by resistive evaporation. (laser technologies)

Brendel', V M; Bukin, V V; Garnov, Sergei V; Bagdasarov, V Kh; Denisov, N N; Garanin, Sergey G; Terekhin, V A; Trutnev, Yurii A

2012-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

59

Cadmium plating replacements  

SciTech Connect

The Boeing Company has been searching for replacements to cadmium plate. Two alloy plating systems seem close to meeting the needs of a cadmium replacement. The two alloys, zinc-nickel and tin-zinc are from alloy plating baths; both baths are neutral pH. The alloys meet the requirements for salt fog corrosion resistance, and both alloys excel as a paint base. Currently, tests are being performed on standard fasteners to compare zinc-nickel and tin-zinc on threaded hardware where cadmium is heavily used. The Hydrogen embrittlement propensity of the zinc-nickel bath has been tested, and just beginning for the tin-zinc bath. Another area of interest is the electrical properties on aluminum for tin-zinc and will be discussed. The zinc-nickel alloy plating bath is in production in Boeing Commercial Airplane Group for non-critical low strength steels. The outlook is promising that these two coatings will help The Boeing Company significantly reduce its dependence on cadmium plating.

Nelson, M.J.; Groshart, E.C.

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Replace / Renewal BUDGET ZZ106  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Replace / Renewal BUDGET ZZ106 FUND: 126 CERTIFIED FOOD MANAGER CERTIFICATE RENEWAL Certificate Replacement Reason for Application: Replacement $15.00 Certificate Renewal Reason for Application: [Renewal application may be submitted up to 60 days prior to expiration.] Renewal - $10.00 Please Note: All

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "metal halide replacing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Methods for synthesizing alane without the formation of adducts and free of halides  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process is provided to synthesize an alane without the formation of alane adducts as a precursor. The resulting product is a crystallized .alpha.-alane and is a highly stable product and is free of halides.

Zidan, Ragaiy; Knight, Douglas A; Dinh, Long V

2013-02-19T23:59:59.000Z

62

Optical properties of lanthanide-containing halide-modified zinc tellurite glasses  

SciTech Connect

As part of an ongoing investigation to characterize the properties and structure of Zn halide-Te oxide glasses, we report preliminary measurements of the optical properties of several Nd- and Er-doped tellurites. Measurements include fluorescence lifetimes and estimates of the theoretical radiative lifetimes (from traditional Judd-Ofelt analysis of optical absorption spectra) as well as phonon sideband studies sensitive to vibrational characteristics near the rare earth ion. Response of these optical features to the substitution of alternative halides is examined.

Sidebottom, D.L.; Hruschka, M.A. [New Mexico Univ., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Potter, B.G.; Brow, R.K.; Hudgens, J.J. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

63

NACS Voice Mail Replacement Project  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NACS Voice Mail Replacement Project Presented to the TPAG Monday, November 13, 2006 #12 criteria Integration with email is a key factor Taking a second look at Cisco & AVST Cost of Interactive

Brody, James P.

64

Virent is Replacing Crude Oil  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Breakout Session 2A—Conversion Technologies II: Bio-Oils, Sugar Intermediates, Precursors, Distributed Models, and Refinery Co-Processing Virent is Replacing Crude Oil Randy Cortright, Founder & Chief Technology Officer, Virent

65

Transparent and Conductive Carbon Nanotube Multilayer Thin Films Suitable as an Indium Tin Oxide Replacement  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Transparent electrodes made from metal oxides suffer from poor flexibility and durability. Highly transparent and electrically conductive thin films based on carbon nanotubes (CNTs) were assembled as a potential indium tin oxide (ITO) replacement...

Park, Yong Tae

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

66

Transport of Alkali Halides through a Liquid Organic Membrane Containing a Ditopic Salt-Binding Receptor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in the solid state as contact ion pairs. Transport experiments, using a supported liquid membrane and high saltTransport of Alkali Halides through a Liquid Organic Membrane Containing a Ditopic Salt and anion receptors. All transport systems exhibit the same qualitative order of ion selectivity; that is

Smith, Bradley D.

67

Csp3–Csp3 Homocoupling Reaction of Benzyl Halides Catalyzed by Rhodium  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A highly reactive alkylrhodium complex was formed from Me2Zn and RhCl(PPh3)3 and effectively catalyzed a Csp3–Csp3 homocoupling reaction of benzyl halides. A Csp3–Csp3 coupling reaction using Rh catalyst has not been reported up to now. The reaction ...

Kazuyuki Sato; Yuichi Inoue; Tomohisa Mori; Atsushi Sakaue; Atsushi Tarui; Masaaki Omote; Itsumaro Kumadaki; Akira Ando

2014-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

68

Low pressure vinylation of aryl and vinyl halides via HeckMizoroki reactions using ethylene  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Low pressure vinylation of aryl and vinyl halides via Heck­Mizoroki reactions using ethylene Craig with ethylene under ambient pressure (15­30 psi) to give the corresponding vinylarenes. The reactions work of ethylene) of functionalized vinylarenes and 1,3-di- enes.4 When fully developed, we hope, many

RajanBabu, T. V. "Babu"

69

Dramatic Acceleration of the Menschutkin Reaction and Distortion of Halide Leaving-Group Order  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-butylbenzyl halides are 4-t-BuBnCl (62 000 M) > 4-t-BuBnBr (2200 M) > 4-t-BuBnI (35 M); thus, the free energy.; Sola, M. H. In Progress in Physical Organic Chemistry; Taft, R. W., Ed.; Wiley: New York, 1993; Vol. 19

Smith, Bradley D.

70

Whitesides et al. f Reaction ctfAlkyl Halides with Magnesiunt Mechanismof Formationof GrignardReagents.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

carbanionsand carbonium ionsare not intermediates,and tliat the transition-itut. structuredoesnot resemblean SN2.rnagncsiumatom at the mctal surface(or possibly in solution) rrrrghtdisplacehelidefrotncarbonin an SN2-likc rcuctionor inrcrlWhitesides et al. f Reaction ctfAlkyl Halides with Magnesiunt Mechanismof Formationof Grignard

Prentiss, Mara

71

Enzyme replacement therapy for Pompe disease  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Transport of Active Enzymes to Lysosomes. Molecular therapyOF CALIFORNIA, SAN DIEGO Enzyme Replacement Therapy forDisease……………………………… 3 1.3 Enzyme Replacement Therapy for

Burris, Ryan Jonathan William

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Optical design of transparent metal grids for plasmonic absorption enhancement in ultrathin organic solar cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Transparent metal grid combining with plasmonic absorption enhancement is a promising replacement to indium tin oxide thin films. We numerically demonstrate metal grids in one or two...

Kim, Inho; Lee, Taek Seong; Jeong, Doo Seok; Lee, Wook Seong; Kim, Won Mok; Lee, Kyeong-Seok

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Extraction of trace metals from fly ash  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process is described for recovering silver, gallium and/or other trace metals from a fine grained industrial fly ash associated with a process for producing phosphorous. The fly ash has a silicate base and contains surface deposits of the trace metals as oxides, chlorides or the like. The process is carried out by contacting the fly ash with AlCl/sub 3/ in an alkali halide melt to react the trace metals with the AlCl/sub 3/ to form compositions soluble in the melt and a residue containing the silicate and aluminum oxide or other aluminum precipitate, and separating the desired trace metal or metals from the melt by electrolysis or other separation techniques.

Blander, M.; Wai, C.M.; Nagy, Z.

1983-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

74

Extraction of trace metals from fly ash  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process for recovering silver, gallium and/or other trace metals from a fine grained industrial fly ash associated with a process for producing phosphorous, the fly ash having a silicate base and containing surface deposits of the trace metals as oxides, chlorides or the like, with the process being carried out by contacting the fly ash with AlCl.sub.3 in an alkali halide melt to react the trace metals with the AlCl.sub.3 to form compositions soluble in the melt and a residue containing the silicate and aluminum oxide or other aluminum precipitate, and separating the desired trace metal or metals from the melt by electrolysis or other separation techniques.

Blander, Milton (Palos Park, IL); Wai, Chien M. (Moscow, ID); Nagy, Zoltan (Woodridge, IL)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Turbine-generator replacement study  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes an engineering study for the replacement of a nominal 70 Mw turbine-generator in a multi-unit utility cogeneration station. The existing plant is briefly described, alternatives considered are discussed, and the conclusions reached are presented. Key topics are the turbine steam cycle evaluation and the turbine pedestal analysis.

Miller, E.F.; Stuhrke, S.P., Shah, A.A. (Burns and Roe Enterprises, Inc., Oradell, NJ (USA))

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Stanford University Mercury Thermometer Replacement  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Stanford University Mercury Thermometer Replacement Program Instructions for Reuniting Separated Fluid Column of Non-Mercury Thermometer Heating Method Heat the thermometers bulb in an upright position of the thermometer. Note that over filling the expansion chamber will break the thermometer. Tap the thermometer

77

Cluster-based find and replace  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In current text editors, the find & replace command offers only two options: replace one match at a time prompting for confirmation, or replace all matches at once without any confirmation. Both approaches are prone to errors. This paper explores a third ... Keywords: clustering, error prevention, find & replace, text editing

Robert C. Miller; Alisa M. Marshall

2004-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Adsorbate-induced corrosion: anodic dissolution of palladium induced by chemisorbed iodine in halide-free acid solutions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ADSORBATE-INDUCED CORROSION: ANODIC DISSOLUTION OF PALLADIUM INDUCED BY CHEMISORBED IODINE IN HALIDE-FREE ACID SOLUTIONS A Thesis JANEMARIE A. SCHIMPF Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1991 Major Subject: Chemistry ADSORBATE-INDUCED CORROSION: ANODIC DISSOLUTION OF PALLADIUM INDUCED BY CHEMISORBED IODINE IN HALIDE-FREE ACID SOLUTIONS A Thesis JANEMARIE A. SCHIMPF Approved...

Schimpf, Janemarie A

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

79

Buying Vs. Raising Replacement Heifers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. As in other businesses, when supplies are down and demand is steady, prices tend to rise. When cattle prices are high, producers begin to rebuild their herds by retaining ?high value? heifers or by purchasing replacements. The thinking is that with high... cattle prices, it is time to get into beef production or to increase cur- rent cow inventories. After the rebuilding phase occurs, supplies increase and prices drop. This is the beginning of the herd liquidation phase of the cattle cycle. Another...

Cleere, Jason

2006-01-02T23:59:59.000Z

80

Fabrication of large-volume, low-cost ceramic lanthanum halide scintillators for gamma ray detection : final report for DHS/DNDO/TRDD project TA-01-SL01.  

SciTech Connect

This project uses advanced ceramic processes to fabricate large, optical-quality, polycrystalline lanthanum halide scintillators to replace small single crystals produced by the conventional Bridgman growth method. The new approach not only removes the size constraint imposed by the growth method, but also offers the potential advantages of both reducing manufacturing cost and increasing production rate. The project goal is to fabricate dense lanthanum halide ceramics with a preferred crystal orientation by applying texture engineering and solid-state conversion to reduce the thermal mechanical stress in the ceramic and minimize scintillation light scattering at grain boundaries. Ultimately, this method could deliver the sought-after high sensitivity and <3% energy resolution at 662 keV of lanthanum halide scintillators and unleash their full potential for advanced gamma ray detection, enabling rapid identification of radioactive materials in a variety of practical applications. This report documents processing details from powder synthesis, seed particle growth, to final densification and texture development of cerium doped lanthanum bromide (LaBr{sub 3}:Ce{sup +3}) ceramics. This investigation demonstrated that: (1) A rapid, flexible, cost efficient synthesis method of anhydrous lanthanum halides and their solid solutions was developed. Several batches of ultrafine LaBr{sub 3}:Ce{sup +3} powder, free of oxyhalide, were produced by a rigorously controlled process. (2) Micron size ({approx} 5 {micro}m), platelet shape LaBr{sub 3} seed particles of high purity can be synthesized by a vapor phase transport process. (3) High aspect-ratio seed particles can be effectively aligned in the shear direction in the ceramic matrix, using a rotational shear-forming process. (4) Small size, highly translucent LaBr{sub 3} (0.25-inch diameter, 0.08-inch thick) samples were successfully fabricated by the equal channel angular consolidation process. (5) Large size, high density, translucent LaBr{sub 3} ceramics samples (3-inch diameter, > 1/8-inch thick) were fabricated by hot pressing, demonstrating the superior manufacturability of the ceramic approach over single crystal growth methods in terms of size capability and cost. (6) Despite all these advances, evidence has shown that LaBr{sub 3} is thermally unstable at temperatures required for the densification process. This is particularly true for material near the surface where lattice defects and color centers can be created as bromine becomes volatile at high temperatures. Consequently, after densification these samples made using chemically prepared ultrafine powders turned black. An additional thermal treatment in a flowing bromine condition proved able to reduce the darkness of the surface layer for these densified samples. These observations demonstrated that although finer ceramic powders are desirable for densification due to a stronger driving force from their large surface areas, the same desirable factor can lead to lattice defects and color centers when these powders are densified at higher temperatures where material near the surface becomes thermally unstable.

Boyle, Timothy J.; Ottley, Leigh Anna M.; Yang, Pin; Chen, Ching-Fong; Sanchez, Margaret R.; Bell, Nelson Simmons

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "metal halide replacing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Enhancing the Sensitivity of Chemical Sensors for Chlorinated Hydrocarbons in Water by the Use of Tapered Silver Halide Fibers and Tunable Diode Lasers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Tapered silver halide fibers were used for the first time for high-sensitivity fiber evanescent wave spectroscopic (FEWS) measurements of chlorinated hydrocarbons (CHCs) in water at...

Göbel, Roman; Krska, Rudolf; Kellner, Robert; Kastner, Joachim; Lambrecht, Armin; Tacke, Maurus; Katzir, Abraham

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Phaser.MRage: automated molecular replacement  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The functionality of the molecular-replacement pipeline phaser.MRage is introduced and illustrated with examples.

Bunk?czi, G.

2013-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

83

Computation of optimal policies in replacement models  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......in a given replacement cycle, and let Zk be the value of...properties, and the replacement cycles are repeated indefini- tely...Optimal replacement times--a general set-up J. Appl. Prob. 23...Proportional hazards analysis of diesel engine failure data. Quality......

V. MAKIS; A. K. S. JARDINE

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Method of removal of heavy metal from molten salt in IFR fuel pyroprocessing  

SciTech Connect

An electrochemical method of separating heavy metal values from a radioactive molten salt including Li halide at temperatures of about 500{degree}C. The method comprises positioning a solid Li-Cd alloy anode in the molten salt containing the heavy metal values, positioning a Cd-containing cathode or a solid cathode positioned above a catch crucible in the molten salt to recover the heavy metal values, establishing a voltage drop between the anode and the cathode to deposit material at the cathode to reduce the concentration of heavy metals in the salt, and controlling the deposition rate at the cathode by controlling the current between the anode and cathode.

Gay, E.C.

1993-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

85

Method of removal of heavy metal from molten salt in IFR fuel pyroprocessing  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An electrochemical method of separating heavy metal values from a radioactive molten salt including Li halide at temperatures of about 500.degree. C. The method comprises positioning a solid Li--Cd alloy anode in the molten salt containing the heavy metal values, positioning a Cd-containing cathode or a solid cathode positioned above a catch crucible in the molten salt to recover the heavy metal values, establishing a voltage drop between the anode and the cathode to deposit material at the cathode to reduce the concentration of heavy metals in the salt, and controlling the deposition rate at the cathode by controlling the current between the anode and cathode.

Gay, Eddie C. (Park Forest, IL)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Nucleophilic vinylic substitutions of (Z)-(2-aroyloxyvinyl)phenyl-?3-iodanes with tetrabutylammonium halides: vinylic SN2 reactions and ligand coupling on iodine(III)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Treatment of (Z)-(?-benzoyloxyvinyl)phenyl-?3-iodanes, readily prepared from ethynyl(phenyl)(tetrafluoroborato)-?3-iodane via stereoselective Michael-type addition of benzoic acids in methanol in the presence of sodium benzoates, with tetrabutylammonium halides in THF at 65 °C results in a vinylic SN2 reaction to give the inverted (E)-?-benzoyloxyvinyl halides in high yields.

Masahito Ochiai; Yoshio Nishi; Masaya Hirobe

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Advances in the growth of alkaline-earth halide single crystals for scintillator detectors  

SciTech Connect

Alkaline-earth scintillators such as strontium iodide and other alkaline-earth halides activated with divalent europium represent some of the most efficient and highest energy resolution scintillators for use as gamma-ray detectors in a wide range of applications. These applications include the areas of nuclear nonproliferation, homeland security, the detection of undeclared nuclear material, nuclear physics and materials science, medical diagnostics, space physics, high energy physics, and radiation monitoring systems for first responders, police, and fire/rescue personnel. Recent advances in the growth of large single crystals of these scintillator materials hold the promise of higher crystal yields and significantly lower detector production costs. In the present work, we describe new processing protocols that, when combined with our molten salt filtration methods, have led to advances in achieving a significant reduction of cracking effects during the growth of single crystals of SrI2:Eu2+. In particular, we have found that extended pumping on the molten crystal-growth charge under vacuum for time periods extending up to 48 hours is generally beneficial in compensating for variations in the alkaline-earth halide purity and stoichiometry of the materials as initially supplied by commercial sources. These melt-pumping and processing techniques are now being applied to the purification of CaI2:Eu2+ and some mixed-anion europium-doped alkaline-earth halides prior to single-crystal growth by means of the vertical Bridgman technique. The results of initial studies of the effects of aliovalent doping of SrI2:Eu2+ on the scintillation characteristics of this material are also described.

Boatner, Lynn A [ORNL; Ramey, Joanne Oxendine [ORNL; Kolopus, James A [ORNL; Neal, John S [ORNL; Cherepy, Nerine [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL); Payne, Stephen A. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL); Beck, P [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL); Burger, Arnold [Fisk University, Nashville; Rowe, E [Fisk University, Nashville; Bhattacharya, P. [Fisk University, Nashville

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Replacing an Oversized and Underloaded Electric Motor | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Replacing an Oversized and Underloaded Electric Motor Replacing an Oversized and Underloaded Electric Motor This fact sheet will assist in decisions regarding replacement of...

89

Replacing Fluorescent Lightbulbs | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Replacing Fluorescent Lightbulbs Replacing Fluorescent Lightbulbs Replacing Fluorescent Lightbulbs July 29, 2012 - 6:37pm Addthis Although fluorescent lightbulbs are generally energy efficient, you can replace them with new, even more efficient bulbs that use better electrodes and coatings than older ones. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto.com/JoLin. Although fluorescent lightbulbs are generally energy efficient, you can replace them with new, even more efficient bulbs that use better electrodes and coatings than older ones. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto.com/JoLin. What does this mean for me? Today's fluorescent light fixtures and bulbs are far more efficient than older ones. You can replace fluorescent bulbs and ballasts with more efficient ones to save money and energy. All fluorescent bulbs contain a very small amount of mercury:

90

Radiological assessment of BWR recirculatory pipe replacement  

SciTech Connect

Replacement of primary recirculating coolant pipe in BWRs is a major effort that has been carried out at a number of nuclear generating stations. This report reviews the planned or actual pipe replacement projects at six sites: Nine Mile Point-1, Monticello, Cooper, Peach Bottom-2, Vermont Yankee, and Browns Ferry-1. It covers the radiological issues of the pipe replacement, measures taken to reduce doses to ALARA, estimated and actual occupational doses, and lessons learned during the various replacements. The basis for the decisions to replace the pipes, the methods used for preparation and decontamination, the removal of old pipe, and the installation of the new pipe are briefly described. Methods for reducing occupational radiation dose during pipe repairs/replacements are recommended. 32 refs., 12 figs., 17 tabs.

Parkhurst, M.A.; Hadlock, D.E.; Harty, R.; Pappin, J.L.

1986-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Optimal scheduling for replacing perimeter guarding unmanned ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

difference between charging batteries, automatically replacing batteries [11] or refueling with liquid fuel. The main difference is the time required before the UAV

2014-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

92

LED Replacements for Linear Fluorescent Lamps Webcast  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

In this June 20, 2011 webcast on LED products marketed as replacements for linear fluorescent lamps, Jason Tuenge of the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) discussed current Lighting...

93

Trim or Replace Impellers on Oversized Pumps  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This tip sheet discusses the reasoning behind trimming or replacing impellers on oversized pumps and describes how it works to improve pumping system efficiency.

94

Grand Coulee Transmission Line Replacement Project  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Grand-Coulee-Transmission-Line-Replacement-Project Sign In About | Careers | Contact | Investors | bpa.gov Search Doing Business Expand Doing Business Customer Involvement Expand...

95

Understanding the effect of halide poisoning in CO oxidation over Au/TiO[subscript 2  

SciTech Connect

The effect of halide poisoning of Au/TiO{sub 2} catalysts in low temperature CO oxidation was investigated using bromide as the poison and a combination of X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XANES and EXAFS), quantitative CO adsorption, and catalytic measurements. It was found that halide prevented full reduction of cationic Au by displacing oxyhydroxy ligands and remaining bound to Au during low temperature reduction, causing a reduction in catalytic activity. On reduced Au samples, bromide (likely as NaBr molecule) was preferentially adsorbed on Au and not on TiO{sub 2}, and suppressed both the adsorption of CO and the catalytic activity. At low Br contents, each adsorbed Br suppressed adsorption of three CO, suggesting that Br was adsorbed on three-fold sites but the effect decreased with increasing Br content possibly due to crowding of adsorbed Br. When 5--10% of the Au was bound to Br, the catalytic activity was completely blocked, although {approx}35% of the original CO adsorption capacity remained. The data suggest that not all CO adsorption sites are catalytic active sites, and are consistent with the perimeter Au atoms at/near the particle-support interface (perimeter) being active sites.

Oxford, S.M.; Henao, J.D.; Yang, J.H.; Kung, M.C.; Kung, H.H. (NWU)

2008-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

96

Contact replacement for NMR resonance assignment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......experimental and synthetic datasets, it is robust to...edu 1 INTRODUCTION Nuclear magnetic resonance...experimental and synthetic datasets, it is robust to...edu 1 INTRODUCTION Nuclear magnetic resonance...an ensemble for a dataset, while bars indicate...replacement and nuclear vector replacement......

Fei Xiong; Gopal Pandurangan; Chris Bailey-Kellogg

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

A Novel Approach To Determine the Glyphosate Tolerant Trait in Soybeans  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This research focused on a simple greenhouse screening procedure to replace large, costly, and laborious field screening. ... Plants were grown under supplemental metal halide lighting (400 microeinsteins/cm) with 16-h light and 8-h dark periods. ...

Christopher L. Main; Vincent R. Pantalone; Thomas C. Mueller

2004-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

98

DOE Publishes GATEWAY Report on High-Luminous-Flux LED Lighting in a High-Temperature Environment  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The U.S. Department of Energy has released a GATEWAY report on a trial demonstration in which the incumbent quartz metal halide (QMH) area lighting was replaced with LED at three pole locations...

99

Ambient-temperature superconductor symetrical metal-dihalide bis-(ethylenedithio)-tetrathiafulvalene compounds  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A new class of organic superconductors having the formula (ET).sub.2 MX.sub.2 wherein ET represents bis(ethylenedithio)-tetrathiafulvalene, M is a metal such as Au, Ag, In, Tl, Rb, Pd and the like and X is a halide. The superconductor (ET).sub.2 AuI.sub.2 exhibits a transition temperature of 5 K. which is high for organic superconductors.

Williams, Jack M. (Downers Grove, IL); Wang, Hsien-Hau (Willowbrook, IL); Beno, Mark A. (Woodridge, IL)

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Replacement solvents for use in chemical synthesis  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Replacement solvents for use in chemical synthesis include polymer-immobilized solvents having a flexible polymer backbone and a plurality of pendant groups attached onto the polymer backbone, the pendant groups comprising a flexible linking unit bound to the polymer backbone and to a terminal solvating moiety. The polymer-immobilized solvent may be dissolved in a benign medium. Replacement solvents for chemical reactions for which tetrahydrofuran or diethyl may be a solvent include substituted tetrahydrofurfuryl ethers and substituted tetrahydro-3-furan ethers. The replacement solvents may be readily recovered from the reaction train using conventional methods.

Molnar, Linda K. (Philadelphia, PA); Hatton, T. Alan (Sudbury, MA); Buchwald, Stephen L. (Newton, MA)

2001-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "metal halide replacing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

High Permeability Ternary Palladium Alloy Membranes with Improved Sulfur and Halide Tolerance  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

9 9 HigH Permeability ternary Palladium alloy membranes witH imProved sulfur and Halide tolerance Description A critical step in the transition to the hydrogen economy is the separation of hydrogen from coal gasification gases (syngas) or methane. This is typically accomplished through membrane separation. Past research has shown that palladium (Pd) alloys possess great potential as robust and economical membranes. However, the search for the optimal binary or ternary alloys is an involved and costly process due to the immense number of alloy variations that could be prepared and tested. Recent modeling work at Georgia Institute of Technology using density functional theory (DFT) identified several promising ternary alloy compositions with improved

102

Organic agriculture cannot replace conventional agriculture  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Organic agriculture cannot replace conventional agriculture Sina Adl , David Iron and Theodore Agriculture | Pathogen Dispersal Introduction Organic farming [1, 2] is gaining in popularity in Eu- rope, because or- ganic agriculture avoids using environmentally harmful chem- icals that pollute soil

Kolokolnikov, Theodore

103

BALBES: a molecular-replacement pipeline  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The fully automated pipeline, BALBES, integrates a redesigned hierarchical database of protein structures with their domains and multimeric organization, and solves molecular-replacement problems using only input X-ray and sequence data.

Long, F.

2007-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

104

Marin County- Wood Stove Replacement Rebate Program  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The County of Marin has created a rebate program to encourage homeowners to remove or replace non-EPA certified wood-burning heaters (wood stoves and fireplace inserts) with cleaner burning stoves...

105

Development of protective polymer coatings for silver halide fibers and their application as threshold level sensors for chlorinated hydrocarbons in sea water  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The stability of silver halide fibers in artificial sea water (ASW) with and without a protective ... sensor system for the quantitative detection of chlorinated hydrocarbons (CHC) also in sea water.

R. Göbel; R. Krska; R. Kellner; A. Katzir

106

A replaceable reflective film for solar concentrators  

SciTech Connect

The 3M Company manufactures a silvered acrylic film called ECP-305 that is regarded as the preferred reflective film for use on stretched-membrane heliostats. However, ECP-305 will degrade in time, due to both corrosion of the silver layer and delamination at the film's silver-to-acrylic interface, and will eventually need to be replaced. 3M uses a very aggressive adhesive on this film, and once it is laminated, replacement is very difficult. The purpose of this investigation was the development of a replaceable reflector, a reflective film that can be easily removed and replaced. A replaceable reflector was successfully configured by laminating ECP-305 to the top surface of a smooth, dimensionally stable polymer film, with a removable adhesive applied to the underside of the polymer film. Several stages of screening and testing led to the selection of a 0.010-inch thick polycarbonate (GE 8030) as the best polymer film and a medium tack tape (3M Y-9425) was selected as the best removable adhesive. To demonstrate the feasibility of the replaceable reflector concept and to provide a real-time field test, the chosen construction was successfully applied to the 50-m{sup 2} SKI heliostat at the Central Receiver Test Facility at Sandia National Laboratories in Albuquerque. 4 refs., 13 figs., 7 tabs.

Not Available

1991-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Stabilization of Electrocatalytic Metal Nanoparticles at Metal...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Electrocatalytic Metal Nanoparticles at Metal-Metal Oxide-Graphene Triple Junction Points. Stabilization of Electrocatalytic Metal Nanoparticles at Metal-Metal Oxide-Graphene...

108

LED T8 Replacement Lamps | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

T8 Replacement Lamps LED T8 Replacement Lamps This documents provides an overview of LED T8 replacement lamps and helps define a reasonable minimum performance level for the...

109

REPLACING AN OVERSIZED AND UNDERLOADED ELECTRIC MOTOR  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This fact sheet will assist in decisions regarding replacement of oversized and underloaded motors. It includes a discussion of how the MotorMaster software can be used to conduct motor replacement analyses. Motors rarely operate at their full-load point. Field tests of 60 motors at four industrial plants indicate that, on average, they operate at 60 % of their rated load. 1 Motors that drive supply or return air fans in heating, ventilation and air-conditioning (HVAC) systems generally operate at 70 % to 75 % of rated load. 2 A persistent myth is that oversized motors, especially motors operating below 50 % of rated load, are not efficient and should be immediately replaced with appropriately sized energy-efficient units. In actuality, several pieces of information are required to complete an accurate assessment of energy savings. They are the load on the motor, the operating efficiency of the motor at that load point, the full-load speed (in revolutions per minute [rpm]) of the motor to be replaced, and the full-load speed of the downsized replacement motor. 3 Motor Load Estimation Techniques Operating efficiency and motor load values must be assumed or based on field measurements and

unknown authors

110

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle Replacement Grants  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Alternative Fuel Alternative Fuel Vehicle Replacement Grants to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle Replacement Grants on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle Replacement Grants on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle Replacement Grants on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle Replacement Grants on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle Replacement Grants on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle Replacement Grants on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Alternative Fuel Vehicle Replacement Grants

111

Magnesium Replacement of Aluminum Cast Components in a Production...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Magnesium Replacement of Aluminum Cast Components in a Production V6 Engine to Effect Cost-Effective Mass Reduction Magnesium Replacement of Aluminum Cast Components in a...

112

Effects of an Accelerated Diesel Engine Replacement/Retrofit Program  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

No. 894 Effects of an Accelerated Diesel Engine Replacement/2009 Effects of an Accelerated Diesel Engine Replacement/reductions occurring on an accelerated schedule compared to

Millstein, Dev E.; Harley, Robert A

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Calcium looping process for high purity hydrogen production integrated with capture of carbon dioxide, sulfur and halides  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process for producing hydrogen comprising the steps of: (i) gasifying a fuel into a raw synthesis gas comprising CO, hydrogen, steam, sulfur and halide contaminants in the form of H.sub.2S, COS, and HX, wherein X is a halide; (ii) passing the raw synthesis gas through a water gas shift reactor (WGSR) into which CaO and steam are injected, the CaO reacting with the shifted gas to remove CO.sub.2, sulfur and halides in a solid-phase calcium-containing product comprising CaCO.sub.3, CaS and CaX.sub.2; (iii) separating the solid-phase calcium-containing product from an enriched gaseous hydrogen product; and (iv) regenerating the CaO by calcining the solid-phase calcium-containing product at a condition selected from the group consisting of: in the presence of steam, in the presence of CO.sub.2, in the presence of synthesis gas, in the presence of H.sub.2 and O.sub.2, under partial vacuum, and combinations thereof.

Ramkumar, Shwetha; Fan, Liang-Shih

2013-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

114

Efficient Destruction of CF4 through In Situ Generation of Alkali Metals from Heated Alkali Halide Reducing Mixtures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The atm. lifetimes of the fluorinated gases CF4, C2F6, c-C4F8, (CF3)2c-C4F6, C5F12, C6F14, C2F5Cl, C2F4Cl2, CF3Cl, and SF6 are of concern because of the effects that these long-lived compds. ... CF4 is an extremely stable gas which strongly absorbs IR radiation at ?8 ?m, and therefore is capable of influencing the greenhouse effect. ... Measurements of CF4 concns. in the atm. ...

Myung Churl Lee; Wonyong Choi

2002-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

115

Metal Aminoboranes  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Metal Aminoboranes Metal Aminoboranes Metal Aminoboranes Metal aminoboranes of the formula M(NH.sub.2BH.sub.3).sub.n have been synthesized. June 25, 2013 Metal Aminoboranes Metal aminoboranes of the formula M(NH.sub.2BH.sub.3).sub.n have been synthesized. Available for thumbnail of Feynman Center (505) 665-9090 Email Metal Aminoboranes Metal aminoboranes of the formula M(NH.sub.2BH.sub.3).sub.n have been synthesized. Metal aminoboranes are hydrogen storage materials. Metal aminoboranes are also precursors for synthesizing other metal aminoboranes. Metal aminoboranes can be dehydrogenated to form hydrogen and a reaction product. The reaction product can react with hydrogen to form a hydrogen storage material. Metal aminoboranes can be included in a kit. U.S. Patent No.: 7,713,506 (DOE S-112,798)

116

The Ringhals 2 steam generator replacement  

SciTech Connect

Righals 2, located on the west coast of Sweden and operated by Vattenfall (Swedish State Power), is a Westinghouse 800-MW three-loop pressurized water reactor that started commercial operation in 1975. In 1983, a task force was assigned to make a study of the steam generator (SG) tube corrosion problems, mainly stress corrosion cracking in the tubesheet area, which caused between two and three unscheduled outages each year. The task force study concluded that replacement was clearly the best of the three alternatives considered. Late in 1984, a decision was made to replace the SG in the summer of 1989. It was also decided to take advantage of existing margins in the plant by increasing the heat transfer area of the new SG. A power increase of 9% would then be possible by fairly moderate modifications of the turbine plant. The SG replacement project was on time, below budget, and much below dose budget. As a consequence of the 9% uprating, the cost of the SG replacement will be recovered after 3 to 4 yr.

Looft, H.

1990-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

REPLACE YOUR MERCURY THERMOMETERS BEFORE THEY BREAK!  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

REPLACE YOUR MERCURY THERMOMETERS BEFORE THEY BREAK! Did you know, mercury from broken thermometers to the local environment, if broken thermometers in sinks eventually end at the sanitary sewer plant. Broken mercury thermometers create hazardous waste that is costly to clean up and costly to dispose of. Other

118

Metal Chlorides in Ionic Liquid Solvents Convert Sugars to 5-Hydroxymethylfurfural  

SciTech Connect

Sugars were converted to hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) at high yield in ionic liquids without the addition of Bronsted acids. Very small amount of certain metal halides significantly reduced the fructose dehydration barrier in ionic liquids producing HMF at high yields. Most remarkably, glucose, a common sugar molecule, was selectively converted to HMF in good yield in ionic liquids containing a small amount of CrCl2. Thus CrCl2 is unique among metal chlorides tested for its effectiveness in both isomerizing glucose as well as dehydrating fructose. Only negligble amount of levulinic acid was formed in the reactions. The catalytic activity of metal chlorides for sugar conversion in ionic liquids is perhaps related to hydroxyl group of the sugar forming metal complexes with the unsaturated metal center.

Zhao, Haibo; Holladay, John E.; Brown, Heather M.; Zhang, Z. Conrad

2007-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

119

E-Print Network 3.0 - actinide halide complexes Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

It has been observed that complexes of lanthanide, actinide, and transition metal activate... that these actinide alkyl complexes undergo interesting C-H and C-N bond...

120

Microsoft Word - B-8.Replacement-3.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

United States Department of Energy Southeastern Power Administration Wholesale Rate Schedule Replacement-3 Availability: This rate schedule shall be available to public bodies and cooperatives ( any one of whom is hereinafter called the Customer) in Virginia, North Carolina, Tennessee, Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, Kentucky and southern Illinois to whom power is provided pursuant to contracts between the Government and the customer from the Dale Hollow, Center Hill, Wolf Creek, Cheatham, Old Hickory, Barkley, J. Percy Priest, Cordell Hull, and Laurel Projects (all of such projects being hereinafter called collectively the "Cumberland Projects") . Applicability: This rate schedule shall be applicable to the sale of wholesale energy purchased to

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "metal halide replacing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Clean Vehicle Replacement Vouchers  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Vehicle Vehicle Replacement Vouchers to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Clean Vehicle Replacement Vouchers on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Clean Vehicle Replacement Vouchers on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Clean Vehicle Replacement Vouchers on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Clean Vehicle Replacement Vouchers on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Clean Vehicle Replacement Vouchers on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Clean Vehicle Replacement Vouchers on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Clean Vehicle Replacement Vouchers The Texas Commission on Environmental Quality administers the AirCheckTexas

122

Steam Plant Replaces Outdated Coal-Fired System | Department...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Steam Plant Replaces Outdated Coal-Fired System September 1, 2012 - 12:00pm Addthis A new natural gas-fired steam plant will replace an older coal-fired steam plant shown here. The...

123

Arizona: Solar Panels Replace Inefficient Fossil Fuel-Powered...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

Arizona: Solar Panels Replace Inefficient Fossil Fuel-Powered Energy Systems Arizona: Solar Panels Replace Inefficient Fossil Fuel-Powered Energy Systems May 1, 2014 - 9:33am...

124

Metal inks  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Self-reducing metal inks and systems and methods for producing and using the same are disclosed. In an exemplary embodiment, a method may comprise selecting metal-organic (MO) precursor, selecting a reducing agent, and dissolving the MO precursor and the reducing agent in an organic solvent to produce a metal ink that remains in a liquid phase at room temperature. Metal inks, including self-reducing and fire-through metal inks, are also disclosed, as are various applications of the metal inks.

Ginley, David S; Curtis, Calvin J; Miedaner, Alex; van Hest, Marinus Franciscus Antonius Maria; Kaydanova, Tatiana

2014-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

125

Text-Alternative Version: LED Replacements for Linear Fluorescent Lamps  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Below is the text-alternative version of the "LED Replacements for Linear Fluorescent Lamps" webcast, held June 20, 2011.

126

Method of removal of heavy metal from molten salt in IFR fuel pyroprocessing  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An electrochemical method is described for separating heavy metal values from a radioactive molten salt including Li halide at temperatures of about 500 C. The method comprises positioning a solid Li--Cd alloy anode in the molten salt containing the heavy metal values, positioning a Cd-containing cathode or a solid cathode positioned above a catch crucible in the molten salt to recover the heavy metal values, establishing a voltage drop between the anode and the cathode to deposit material at the cathode to reduce the concentration of heavy metals in the salt, and controlling the deposition rate at the cathode by controlling the current between the anode and cathode. 3 figs.

Gay, E.C.

1995-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

127

The pressure induced B1-B2 phase transition of alkaline halides and alkaline earth chalcogenides. A first principles investigation  

SciTech Connect

In this work, we considered the pressure induced B1-B2 phase transition of AB compounds. The DFT calculations were carried out for 11 alkaline halides, 11 alkaline earth chalcogenides and the lanthanide pnictide CeP. For both the B1 and the B2 structures of each compound, the energy was calculated as a function of the cell volume. The transition pressure, the bulk moduli and their pressure derivatives were obtained from the corresponding equations of state. The transition path of the Buerger mechanism was described using roots of the transition matrix. We correlated the computed enthalpies of activation to some structure defining properties of the compounds. A fair correlation to Pearsons hardness of the ions was observed. -- Graphical abstract: Pressure induced transition from the B1 structure (left) via the transition state (middle) to the B2 structure (right). Display Omitted highlights: > Pressure induced phase transitions in AB compounds were considered. > Alkaline halides and alkaline earth chalcogenides were treated. > DFT calculations with periodic boundary conditions were applied. > The transition path was described by roots of the transition matrix. > The enthalpy of activation was calculated for numerous compounds.

Potzel, Oliver, E-mail: oliver.potzel@uni-ulm.d [Institute of Theoretical Chemistry, D-89069 Ulm (Germany); Taubmann, Gerhard, E-mail: gerhard.taubmann@uni-ulm.d [Institute of Theoretical Chemistry, D-89069 Ulm (Germany)

2011-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

128

Computer Replacement Guidelines Environmental Health and Safety, Stanford University  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Computer Replacement Guidelines Environmental Health and Safety, Stanford University 17 November 2005 This document describes the guidelines for replacing laptop and desktop computers at Environmental Health and Safety. PC laptop and desktop computers will be replaced a) on an ongoing basis where

129

Metal Oxides  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Metal oxides are the class of materials having the widest application in gas sensors. This chapter presents information related to the application of various metal oxides in gas sensors designed on different p...

Ghenadii Korotcenkov

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Silicone metalization  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A system for providing metal features on silicone comprising providing a silicone layer on a matrix and providing a metal layer on the silicone layer. An electronic apparatus can be produced by the system. The electronic apparatus comprises a silicone body and metal features on the silicone body that provide an electronic device.

Maghribi, Mariam N. (Livermore, CA); Krulevitch, Peter (Pleasanton, CA); Hamilton, Julie (Tracy, CA)

2006-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

131

Halide, Chromate, and Phosphate Impacts on LAW Glass for Dynamic Flowsheet 24590-WTP-MCR-PET-09-0037, Rev. 1  

SciTech Connect

Revision 1 of this Model Change Request changed Equation 6 in Attachment Al only. Melter studies have shown that halide, chromium, and phosphates can cause precipitation of solids that can interfer the melting process. Pilot melter data now shows what concentrations LAW glass can tolerate. These limits shall be incorporated into the existing LAW glass algorithm per Attachment Al.

Gimpel, Rodney F.; Kruger, Albert A.

2013-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

132

Do You Have Windows That Need Replacing? | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Do You Have Windows That Need Replacing? Do You Have Windows That Need Replacing? Do You Have Windows That Need Replacing? August 3, 2012 - 2:11pm Addthis This week, Andrea shared the first part of her two-part story about how she replaced her more than 20-year-old windows with new, energy-efficient ones. Replacing old windows can be a great way to reduce the amount of warm and cool air (depending on the season) is leaking right out of your home. This week, we're wondering: Do you have windows that need replacing, too? Do you have any plans to replace them with newer, more efficient windows? You have the chance to share your thoughts on a question about energy efficiency or renewable energy for consumers. E-mail your responses to the Energy Saver team at consumer.webmaster@nrel.gov. Addthis Related Articles

133

Replacing Incandescent Lightbulbs and Ballasts | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Replacing Incandescent Lightbulbs and Ballasts Replacing Incandescent Lightbulbs and Ballasts Replacing Incandescent Lightbulbs and Ballasts July 29, 2012 - 5:16pm Addthis Many incandescent lightbulbs can be replaced with more energy efficient options. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto.com/ClarkandCompany. Many incandescent lightbulbs can be replaced with more energy efficient options. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto.com/ClarkandCompany. What does this mean for me? For the greatest energy efficiency, use new fixtures with new lightbulbs. Replace A-type lightbulbs with more energy-efficient options such as CFLs, LEDs, and energy-saving (halogen) incandescents. Matching replacement lightbulbs to existing fixtures and ballasts can be tricky, especially with older fixtures. Using new fixtures made for new

134

Replaces EIA-459E OMB Control No.  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

5 5 (04-94) Replaces EIA-459E OMB Control No. 1910-0400 U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY FEDERAL ASSISTANCE MANAGEMENT SUMMARY REPORT Page of Public reporting burden for this collection of information is estimated to average 3.38 hours per response, including the time for reviewing instructions, search- ing existing data sources, gathering and maintaining the data needed, and completing and reviewing the collection of information. Send comments regarding this burden estimate or any other aspect of this collection of information, including suggestions for reducing this burden, to Office of Information Resources Management Policy, Plans, and Oversight, Records Management Division, HR-422 - GTN, Paperwork Reduction Project (1910-0400), U.S. Department of Energy, 1000 Independence Avenue, S.W., Washington, DC 20585; and to the Office of Management and Budget (OMB), Paperwork Reduction Project

135

Replaces DOE F 5120.2  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

700.2 700.2 (09-93) Replaces DOE F 5120.2 (02-90) edition may be used 1. INITIATOR: NAME & SIGNATURE ORGANIZATION CODE TELEPHONE NO. 2. PROJECT TITLE: 3. RESPONSIBLE ASSISTANT SECRETARY: 4. RESPONSIBLE OPERATIONS OFFICE: 5. M&O CONTRACTOR NAME: 6. WORK AUTHORIZATION NO.: FUNDS HEREBY AUTHORIZED 7. REVISION: B&R No. $000 13. WORK AUTHORIZED: (Brief description, schedule, results or products and reporting requirements, and any shifting of funds permitted within the work authorization): U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Management & Operating (M&O) Contract Work Authorization WORK AUTHORIZATION 14. WORK AUTHORIZATION OFFICIAL: 15. OPERATIONS OFFICE OFFICIAL: 16. M&O CONTRACTOR OFFICIAL: NAME & SIGNATURE DATE 9. PERFORMANCE PERIOD COVERED BY

136

Metal-doped organic foam  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Organic foams having a low density and very small cell size and method for producing same in either a metal-loaded or unloaded (nonmetal loaded) form are described. Metal-doped foams are produced by soaking a polymer gel in an aqueous solution of desired metal salt, soaking the gel successively in a solvent series of decreasing polarity to remove water from the gel and replace it with a solvent of lower polarity with each successive solvent in the series being miscible with the solvents on each side and being saturated with the desired metal salt, and removing the last of the solvents from the gel to produce the desired metal-doped foam having desired density cell size, and metal loading. The unloaded or metal-doped foams can be utilized in a variety of applications requiring low density, small cell size foam. For example, rubidium-doped foam made in accordance with the invention has utility in special applications, such as in x-ray lasers.

Rinde, James A. (Livermore, CA)

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Synthesis of rare gas-halide mixtures resulting in efficient XeF(C. -->. A) laser oscillation  

SciTech Connect

Significantly improved XeF(C..-->..A) laser performance has been achieved using electron beam excitation of complex, multicomponent gas mixtures specifically tailored so as to reduce medium transient absorption in the blue-green region. Use of Ar and Kr together as the effective rare gas buffer-energy transfer species, along with a combination of NF/sub 3/ and F/sub 2/ to produce the desired F-donor molecule characteristics, has permitted synthesis of near optimum medium properties for which XeF(C) is produced efficiently while transient absorption is minimized. With this technique we have achieved laser pulse energy density and intrinsic efficiency of 2.2 +- 0.3 J/l and approx.1.5%, respectively, values that are comparable to those of the B..-->..X rare gas-halide lasers.

Nighan, W.L.; Tittel, F.K.; Wilson W.L. Jr.; Nishida, N.; Zhu, Y.; Sauerbrey, R.

1984-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Replacement-1 Wholesale Power Rate Schedule | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Replacement-1 Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Replacement-1 Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Replacement-1 Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: Replacement Energy System: Georgia-Alabama-South Carolina This rate schedule shall be available to public bodies and cooperatives (any one of whom is hereinafter called the Customer) in Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, Florida, South Carolina, or North Carolina to whom power is provided pursuant to contracts between the Government and the Customer. This rate schedule shall be applicable to the sale at wholesale energy purchased to meet contract minimum energy and sold under appropriate contracts between the Government and the Customer. Document Available for Download Replacement-1 Rate Schedule More Documents & Publications Replacement-3 Wholesale Power Rate Schedule

139

Optical amplifier operating at 1.3 microns useful for telecommunications and based on dysprosium-doped metal chloride host materials  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Dysprosium-doped metal chloride materials offer laser properties advantageous for use as optical amplifiers in the 1.3 {micro}m telecommunications fiber optic network. The upper laser level is characterized by a millisecond lifetime, the host material possesses a moderately low refractive index, and the gain peak occurs near 1.31 {micro}m. Related halide materials, including bromides and iodides, are also useful. The Dy{sup 3+}-doped metal chlorides can be pumped with laser diodes and yield 1.3 {micro}m signal gain levels significantly beyond those currently available. 9 figs.

Page, R.H.; Schaffers, K.I.; Payne, S.A.; Krupke, W.F.; Beach, R.J.

1997-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

140

Window Replacement, Rehabilitation, & Repair Guides- Building America Top Innovation  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Building America team Building Science Corporation guides contractors through several options for repairing or replacing old windows to improve air sealing and thermal performance.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "metal halide replacing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Replacement, Variable-Speed Motors for Furnaces, Syracuse, New...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

replace- ment for PSC motors in many homes. To date, CARB has upgraded six systems with Concept 3 motors. Upgrading a fan motor is usually very straightforward. Once...

142

"Green" Replacement for Industrial Applications of Polar Organic...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Technologies Advanced Materials Advanced Materials Find More Like This Return to Search "Green" Replacement for Industrial Applications of Polar Organic Solvents University of...

143

Interactive Catalog Replaces Catalog Pages Sensing and Control  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Interactive Catalog Replaces Catalog Pages Sensing and Control Honeywell Inc. 11 West Spring Street Freeport, Illinois 61032 Honeywell Sensing and Control has replaced the PDF product catalog with the new Series 2 Honeywell · Sensing and Control For application help: call 1-800-537-6945 BLOCK DIAGRAM MAXIMUM

Lozano-Nieto, Albert

144

LSB replacement steganography software detection based on model checking  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Steganography software detection is one of effective approaches for steganography forensics using software analysis. In this paper a method of LSB replacement steganography software detection is proposed. Firstly three typical implementations of LSB ... Keywords: LSB replacement algorithm, automaton, model checking, steganography software

Zheng Zhao; Fenlin Liu; Xiangyang Luo; Xin Xie; Lu Yu

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Metal oxide films on metal  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A structure including a thin film of a conductive alkaline earth metal oxide selected from the group consisting of strontium ruthenium trioxide, calcium ruthenium trioxide, barium ruthenium trioxide, lanthanum-strontium cobalt oxide or mixed alkaline earth ruthenium trioxides thereof upon a thin film of a noble metal such as platinum is provided.

Wu, Xin D. (Los Alamos, NM); Tiwari, Prabhat (Los Alamos, NM)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Replacing Incandescent Lightbulbs and Ballasts | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Incandescent Lightbulbs and Ballasts Incandescent Lightbulbs and Ballasts Replacing Incandescent Lightbulbs and Ballasts July 29, 2012 - 5:16pm Addthis Many incandescent lightbulbs can be replaced with more energy efficient options. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto.com/ClarkandCompany. Many incandescent lightbulbs can be replaced with more energy efficient options. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto.com/ClarkandCompany. What does this mean for me? For the greatest energy efficiency, use new fixtures with new lightbulbs. Replace A-type lightbulbs with more energy-efficient options such as CFLs, LEDs, and energy-saving (halogen) incandescents. Matching replacement lightbulbs to existing fixtures and ballasts can be tricky, especially with older fixtures. Using new fixtures made for new lightbulbs gives you the greatest energy savings, reliability, and

147

Energy Replacement Generation Tax Exemption | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Replacement Generation Tax Exemption Replacement Generation Tax Exemption Energy Replacement Generation Tax Exemption < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Local Government Residential Savings Category Water Buying & Making Electricity Bioenergy Wind Maximum Rebate None Program Info Start Date 01/01/2008 (retroactively effective) State Iowa Program Type Corporate Exemption Rebate Amount 100% exemption for self-generators, landfill gas and wind Reduced rate for large hydro Provider Iowa Department of Revenue Iowa imposes a replacement generation tax of 0.06 cents ($0.0006) per kilowatt-hour (kWh) on various forms of electricity generated within the state. This tax is imposed in lieu of a property tax on generation facilities. Under the Energy Replacement Generation Tax Exemption, the following

148

Metal Toxicity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Problems posed to plants by metal toxicity in the soils of the world are basically of two kinds. The first kind are of natural origin. These arise either as a consequence of the nature of the parent material f...

T. McNeilly

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Dendritic metal nanostructures  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Dendritic metal nanostructures made using a surfactant structure template, a metal salt, and electron donor species.

Shelnutt, John A. (Tijeras, NM); Song, Yujiang (Albuquerque, NM); Pereira, Eulalia F. (Vila Nova de Gaia, PT); Medforth, Craig J. (Winters, CA)

2010-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

150

Remarks at the Capability Replacement Laboratory (CRL) Completion Ceremony  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

at the Capability Replacement Laboratory (CRL) Completion Ceremony at the Capability Replacement Laboratory (CRL) Completion Ceremony by Deputy Administrator Anne M. Harrington | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Home > Media Room > Speeches > Remarks at the Capability Replacement Laboratory (CRL) ... Speech Remarks at the Capability Replacement Laboratory (CRL) Completion Ceremony

151

EA-1178: 300 Area Steam Plant Replacement, Hanford Site, Richland,  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

78: 300 Area Steam Plant Replacement, Hanford Site, Richland, 78: 300 Area Steam Plant Replacement, Hanford Site, Richland, Washington EA-1178: 300 Area Steam Plant Replacement, Hanford Site, Richland, Washington SUMMARY This EA evaluates the environmental impacts for a proposed energy conservation measure for a number of buildings in the 300 Area of the U.S. Department of Energy Hanford Site. The proposed action includes replacing the centralized heating system with heating units for individual buildings or groups of buildings, constructing new natural gas pipelines to provide a source for many of these units and constructing a central control building to operate and maintain the system. PUBLIC COMMENT OPPORTUNITIES None available at this time. DOCUMENTS AVAILABLE FOR DOWNLOAD March 12, 1997 EA-1178: Finding of No Significant Impact

152

Water Monitoring Flume Replaced at the Rocky Flats, Colorado, Site |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Water Monitoring Flume Replaced at the Rocky Flats, Colorado, Site Water Monitoring Flume Replaced at the Rocky Flats, Colorado, Site Water Monitoring Flume Replaced at the Rocky Flats, Colorado, Site October 22, 2013 - 11:01am Addthis What does this project do? Goal 1. Protect human health and the environment In August of this year the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Legacy Management (LM) Rocky Flats, site took advantage of an existing water diversion structure that was no longer needed, to replace an aging water monitoring flume and avoid future repairs that could interrupt data collection. The flume for Rocky Flats Legacy Management Agreement (RFLMA) Point of Evaluation (POE) monitoring location GS10 in South Walnut Creek was located at the bottom of fairly steep channel banks. The bank on the south side shows localized slumping and sliding toward the creek and GS10. Although

153

Laboratory Evaluation of LED T8 Replacement Lamp Products  

SciTech Connect

A report on a lab setting analysis involving LED lamps intended to directly replace T8 fluorescent lamps (4') showing light output, power, and economic comparisons with other fluorescent options.

Richman, Eric E.; Kinzey, Bruce R.; Miller, Naomi J.

2011-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

154

Suez SNC-Lavalin Nuclear to replace US steam generator  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

SNC-Lavalin Nuclear (USA) has signed a contract with Xcel Energy to replace the Unit #2 steam generators at the Prairie Island Nuclear Generating Plant (PINGP) in Welch, Minnesota.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Y-12 Public Warning Siren System being replaced, tested this...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

4, 2012 - 1:08pm The Y-12 Public Warning Siren System (PWSS) located around the Oak Ridge area is being replaced this month with a test of the new system to follow. A private...

156

EA-0923: Winnett School District Boiler Replacement Project, Winnett, Montana  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This EA evaluates the environmental impacts of the proposal to replace the Winnett School District complex's existing oil-fired heating system with a new coal-fired heating system with funds...

157

Washington State Department of Ecology: Replacement Wells Requiring...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ecology: Replacement Wells Requiring a Water Right Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- OtherOther: Washington State Department of...

158

Developing a total replacement cost index for suburban office projects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Understanding the components of replacement costs for office developments, and how these components combine to create total development costs is essential for success in office real estate development. Surprisingly, the ...

Hansen, David John, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Embryo collection and attempted replacement in the mare  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

EMBRYO COLLECTION AND ATTEMPTED REPLACEMENT IN THE MARE A Thesis by JANE SALISBURY BEACH Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1983... Major Subject: Veterinary Physiology EMBRYO COLLECTION AND ATTEMPTED REPLACEMENT IN THE MARE A Thesis by JANE SALISBURY BEACH Approved as to style and content by: D. C. Kra'emer (Chairman of Committee) J. L. Kreider' (Member) J. G. Anderson...

Beach, Jane Salisbury

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

160

Minutes of the third annual workshop on chromate replacements in light metal finishing  

SciTech Connect

Goal of the workshop was to bring together coating researchers, developers, and users from a variety of industries (defense, automotive, aerospace, packaging) to discuss new coating ideas from the perspective not only of end user, but also the coating supplier, developer, and researcher. The following are included in this document: workshop agenda, list of attendees, summary of feedback, workshop notes compiled by organizers, summaries of Sessions II and IV by session moderators, and vugraphs and abstracts.

Guilinger, T.R.; Buchheit, R.G.; Kelly, M.J. [and others

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "metal halide replacing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Dry halide method for separating the components of spent nuclear fuels  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention is a nonaqueous, single method for processing multiple spent nuclear fuel types by separating the fission- and transuranic products from the nonradioactive and fissile uranium product. The invention has four major operations: exposing the spent fuels to chlorine gas at temperatures preferably greater than 1200.degree. C. to form volatile metal chlorides; removal of the fission product chlorides, transuranic product chlorides, and any nickel chloride and chromium chloride in a molten salt scrubber at approximately 400.degree. C.; fractional condensation of the remaining volatile chlorides at temperatures ranging from 164.degree. C. to 2.degree. C.; and regeneration and recovery of the transferred spent molten salt by vacuum distillation. The residual fission products, transuranic products, and nickel- and chromium chlorides are converted to fluorides or oxides for vitrification. The method offers the significant advantages of a single, compact process that is applicable to most of the diverse nuclear fuels, minimizes secondary wastes, segregates fissile uranium from the high level wastes to resolve potential criticality concerns, segregates nonradioactive wastes from the high level wastes for volume reduction, and produces a common waste form glass or glass-ceramic.

Christian, Jerry Dale (Idaho Falls, ID); Thomas, Thomas Russell (Rigby, ID); Kessinger, Glen F. (Idaho Falls, ID)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Replacing the Rare Earth Intellectual Capital  

SciTech Connect

The rare earth crisis slowly evolved during a 10 to 15 year period beginning in the mid-1980s, when the Chinese began to export mixed rare earth concentrates. In the early 1990s, they started to move up the supply chain and began to export the individual rare earth oxides and metals. By the late 1990s the Chinese exported higher value products, such as magnets, phosphors, polishing compounds, catalysts; and in the 21st century they supplied finished products including electric motors, computers, batteries, liquid-crystal displays (LCDs), TVs and monitors, mobile phones, iPods and compact fluorescent lamp (CFL) light bulbs. As they moved to higher value products, the Chinese slowly drove the various industrial producers and commercial enterprises in the US, Europe and Japan out of business by manipulating the rare earth commodity prices. Because of this, the technically trained rare earth engineers and scientists who worked in areas from mining to separations, to processing to production, to manufacturing of semifinished and final products, were laid-off and moved to other fields or they retired. However, in the past year the Chinese have changed their philosophy of the 1970s and 1980s of forming a rare earth cartel to control the rare earth markets to one in which they will no longer supply the rest of the world (ROW) with their precious rare earths, but instead will use them internally to meet the growing demand as the Chinese standard of living increases. To this end, they have implemented and occasionally increased export restrictions and added an export tariff on many of the high demand rare earth elements. Now the ROW is quickly trying to start up rare earth mines, e.g. Molycorp Minerals in the US and Lynas Corp. in Australia, to cover this shortfall in the worldwide market, but it will take about five years for the supply to meet the demand, even as other mines in the ROW become productive. Unfortunately, today there is a serious lack of technically trained personnel to bring the entire rare earth industry, from mining to original equipment manufacturers (OEM), up to full speed in the next few years. Accompanying this decline in technical expertise, innovation and new products utilizing rare earth elements has slowed dramatically, and it may take a decade or more to recapture America's leading role in technological advancements of rare earth containing products. Before the disruption of the US rare earth industry, about 25,000 people were employed in all aspects of the industry from mining to OEM. Today, only about 1,500 people are employed in these fields. The ratio of non-technically trained persons to those with college degrees in the sciences or engineering varies from about 8 to 1 to about 4 to 1, depending on the particular area of the industry. Assuming an average of 6 to 1, the number of college degree scientists and engineers has decreased from about 4,000 to 250 employed today. In the magnetic industry the approximate numbers are: 6,000 total with 750 technically trained people in the 1980s to 500 totally employed today of which 75 have degrees. The paucity of scientists and engineers with experience and/or training in the various aspects of production and commercialization of the rare earths is a serious limitation to the ability of the US to satisfy its own needs for materials and technologies (1) to maintain our military strength and posture, (2) to assume leadership in critical energy technologies, and (3) to bring new consumer products to the marketplace. The lack of experts is of even greater national importance than the halting in the 1990s and the recent restart of the mining/benification/separation effort in the US; and thus governmental intervention and support for at least five to 10 years will be required to ameliorate this situation. To respond quickly, training programs should be established in conjunction with a national research center at an educational institution with a long tradition in multiple areas of rare earth and other critical elements research and technology. This center should

Gschneidner, Jr., Karl

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Electrophilic Metal Alkyl Chemistry in New Ligand Environments  

SciTech Connect

The goals of this project were to design new electrophilic metal alkyl complexes and to exploit these systems in fundamental studies of olefin polymerization and other important and new catalytic reactions. A key target reaction is insertion copolymerization of olefins and polar CH2=CHX vinyl monomers such as vinyl halides and vinyl ethers. During the period covered by this report we (i) investigated the properties of ortho-alkoxy-arylphosphine ligands in Ni-based olefin polymerization catalysts, (ii) studied the synthesis of double-end-capped polyethylene using group 4 metal catalysts that contain tris-pyrazolylborate ligands, (iii) explored the ethylene insertion reactivity of group 4 metal tris-pyrazolyl-borate complexes, (iv) showed that (?-diimine)PdMe{sup +} species undergo multiple insertion of silyl vinyl ethers, (v) synthesized and explored the reactivity of base-free Ni benzyl complexes that contain ortho-phosphino-arene sulfonate ligands, (vi) established the mechanism of the reaction of vinyl chloride with (?-diimine)PdMe{sup +} catalysts, (vii) explored the role of cationic polymerization and insertion chemistry in the reactions of vinyl ethers with (?-diimine)PdMe{sup +} species, (viii) discovered a new class of self-assembled tetranuclear Pd catalysts that produce high molecular weight linear polyethylene and copolymerize ethylene and vinyl fluoride, and (ix) developed model systems that enabled investigation of cis-trans isomerization of {phosphine-sulfonate}Pd(II) complexes.

Jordan, Richard F. [University of Chicago] University of Chicago

2013-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

164

Composite metal membrane  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A composite metal membrane including a first metal layer of Group IVB met or Group VB metals, the first metal layer sandwiched between two layers of an oriented metal of palladium, platinum or alloys thereof is provided together with a process for the recovery of hydrogen from a gaseous mixture including contacting a hydrogen-containing gaseous mixture with a first side of a nonporous composite metal membrane including a first metal of Group IVB metals or Group VB metals, the first metal layer sandwiched between two layers of an oriented metal of palladium, platinum or alloys thereof, and, separating hydrogen from a second side of the nonporous composite metal membrane.

Peachey, Nathaniel M. (Espanola, NM); Dye, Robert C. (Los Alamos, NM); Snow, Ronny C. (Los Alamos, NM); Birdsell, Stephan A. (Los Alamos, NM)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Composite metal membrane  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A composite metal membrane including a first metal layer of Group IVB met or Group VB metals, the first metal layer sandwiched between two layers of an oriented metal of palladium, platinum or alloys thereof is provided together with a process for the recovery of hydrogen from a gaseous mixture including contacting a hydrogen-containing gaseous mixture with a first side of a nonporous composite metal membrane including a first metal of Group IVB metals or Group VB metals, the first metal layer sandwiched between two layers of an oriented metal of palladium, platinum or alloys thereof, and, separating hydrogen from a second side of the nonporous composite metal membrane.

Peachey, N.M.; Dye, R.C.; Snow, R.C.; Birdsell, S.A.

1998-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

166

Replacing the Icon: Seventeenth-Century Tomb Monuments for Dutch Naval Heroes by Rombout Verhulst  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

RIVERSIDE Replacing the Icon: Seventeenth-Century Tombused to replace destroyed icons in the majority of thethe pre-Reformation icons. 29 28. Scholten, Sumptuous

Osenbaugh, Elizabeth Ryan

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Duct Chase Sprinkler Replacement Project (4594), 5/31/2012  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Duct Chase Sprinkler Replacement Project (4594) Duct Chase Sprinkler Replacement Project (4594) Program or Field Office: Y-12 Site Office Location(s) (Citv/County/State): Oak Ridge, Anderson County, Tennessee Proposed Action Description: The proposed action is provide replacement of corroded and aged sprinkler heads in the plenum duct chases. Categorical Exclusion(s) Applied: 81.3- Routine maintenance Submit by E-mail For the complete DOE National Environmental Policy Act regulations regarding categorical exclusions, including the full text of each categorical exclusion, see Subpart D of I 0 CFR Part 1021. Regulatory Requirements in 10 CFR 1021.410(b): (See full text in regulation) [{Jrhe proposal fits within a class of actions that is listed in Appendix A orB to 10 CFR Part 1021, Subpart D.

168

Public Invited to Comment on Draft Environmental Assessment for Replacement  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Public Invited to Comment on Draft Environmental Assessment for Public Invited to Comment on Draft Environmental Assessment for Replacement Capability for Disposal of Remote-Handled Low Level Radioactive Waste Generated at the U.S. Department of Energy's Idaho Site Public Invited to Comment on Draft Environmental Assessment for Replacement Capability for Disposal of Remote-Handled Low Level Radioactive Waste Generated at the U.S. Department of Energy's Idaho Site September 1, 2011 - 12:00pm Addthis Media Contact Tim Jackson 208-526-8484 The U.S. Department of Energy invites the public to read and comment on a draft environmental assessment it has prepared, for a proposal to provide a replacement capability for continued disposal of remote-handled low-level radioactive waste that is generated at the Idaho National Laboratory site.

169

Simple Maintenance Saves Costly Furnace Repair/Replacement | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Simple Maintenance Saves Costly Furnace Repair/Replacement Simple Maintenance Saves Costly Furnace Repair/Replacement Simple Maintenance Saves Costly Furnace Repair/Replacement January 6, 2010 - 8:26am Addthis Chris Stewart Senior Communicator at DOE's National Renewable Energy Laboratory For the past few weeks, my forced-air gas furnace has been on the fritz. I blame this on the fact that I haven't been as diligent as I should have been with regular furnace maintenance, which includes: Checking the condition of the vent connection pipe and chimney Checking the physical integrity of the heat exchanger Adjusting the controls to provide optimum water and air temperature settings for both efficiency and comfort Having a technician perform a combustion-efficiency test Checking the combustion chamber for cracks. Testing for carbon monoxide

170

Sprinkler Head Replacement (4586), 4/24/2012  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Sprinkler Head Replacement Projects (4586) Sprinkler Head Replacement Projects (4586) Program or Field Office: Y-12 Site Office Location(s) (Citv/Countv/State): Oak Ridge, Anderson County, Tennessee Proposed Action Description: The proposed action is to replace approximately 1 ,300 sprinkler heads upgrade fire protection systems. Categorical Exclusion(s) Applied: 81.3- Routine maintenance Submit by E-mail For the complete DOE National Environmental Policy Act regulations regarding categorical exclusions, including the full text of each categorical exclusion, see Subpart D of 10 CFR Part 1021. Regulatory Requirements in 10 CFR 1021.410(b): (See full text in regulation) [{Jrhe proposal fits within a class of actions that is listed in Appendix A orB to 10 CFR Part 1021, Subpart D. To fit within the classes of actions listed in 10 CFR Part 1021, Subpart D, Appendix B, a proposal must be one that would not: (1) threaten

171

Replacement of Data from IHS With Those from HPDI  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Replacement of Data from IHS With Those from HPDI Replacement of Data from IHS With Those from HPDI The EIA-914 estimation methodology published in September 2005 used data from IHS, Inc., as a source for calibration of historical monthly production data. As of August 2006, these data have been replaced with data from HPDI, LLC. EIA does not have access to both the full IHS and the HPDI data for an overlap period sufficiently long to allow comprehensive model estimation under both data sources and analysis of the effects on the model estimates of the change from IHS to HPDI. Comparisons of IHS and HPDI data series, however, reveal no evidence of any large or systematic differences between the raw IHS and HPDI estimates that serve as model inputs. Figure 1 illustrates the overall order of magnitude of the differences between

172

Replacement-2-A Wholesale Power Rate Schedule | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2-A Wholesale Power Rate Schedule 2-A Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Replacement-2-A Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: Replacement Energy System: Kerr-Philpott This rate schedule shall be available to public bodies and cooperatives (any one of whom is hereinafter called the Customer) in North Carolina and Virginia to whom power is provided pursuant to contracts between the Government and the customer from the John H. Kerr and Philpott Projects (or Kerr-Philpott System). This rate schedule shall be applicable to the sale of wholesale energy purchased to meet contract minimum energy and sold under appropriate contracts between the Government and the Customer. Document Available for Download Replacement-2-A Rate Schedule More Documents & Publications Southeastern Power Administration 2010 Annual Report

173

Information Resources: LED Replacements for Linear Fluorescent Lamps  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Replacements for Linear Fluorescent Lamps Webcast Replacements for Linear Fluorescent Lamps Webcast In this June 20, 2011 webcast on LED products marketed as replacements for linear fluorescent lamps, Jason Tuenge of the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) discussed current Lighting Facts-listed products as well as products evaluated in the latest CALiPER reports. Eric Richman, also of PNNL, reported on a recently completed GATEWAY demonstration project, in which LED and fluorescent lamps were installed in a variety of recessed troffer luminaires for comparison in an office environment. The presentation concluded with a discussion of specifications listed in a newly updated technology fact sheet. View presentation slides View the text-alternative version View the webcast (WMV 16 MB) Download Windows Media Player

174

Milling Machine Replacement Project (4587), 5/11/2012  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Milling Machine Replacement Projects (4587) Milling Machine Replacement Projects (4587) Program or Field Office: Y-12 Site Office Location(s) (City/County/State): Oak Ridge, Anderson County, Tennessee Proposed Action Description: Submit by E-mail The proposed action is to replace two large milling machines with two new medium sized CNC milling machines. The new machines will be connected to the digital network communication (DNC) system. Categorical Exclusion(s) Applied: 81.31 -Installation or relocation of machinery and equipment For the complete DOE National Environmental Policy Act regulations regarding categorical exclusions, including the full text of each categorical exclusion, see Subpart D of 10 CFR Part 1021. Regulatory Requirements in 10 CFR 1021.410(b): (See full text in regulation)

175

Microsoft Word - CX-TroutdaleWindowReplacement_WEB.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

, 2011 , 2011 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEPR-4 SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Eric Weekley Project Manager - NWM-4 Proposed Action: Replace existing steel windows at the Troutdale Substation control house PP&A Project No.: PP&A-1699 Budget Information: Work Order No. 242796 Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B1.3 Routine maintenance activities and custodial services for buildings, structures, ... Location: Bonneville Power Administration's (BPA) Troutdale Substation located in Troutdale, Oregon Proposed by: BPA Description of the Proposed Action: BPA proposes to replace the deteriorating existing steel windows at the Troutdale Substation control house with new, in-kind steel windows.

176

USING NEURAL NETWORKS FOR WEB PROXY CACHE REPLACEMENT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

USING NEURAL NETWORKS FOR WEB PROXY CACHE REPLACEMENT by JAKE COBB Advisor HALA ELAARAG A senior ................................................................................................................. 22 #12;1 ABSTRACT Web traffic has continued to increase at a significant rate and is resulting in considerable strain on web servers and bandwidth providers, such as Internet Service Providers (ISP). Proxy

Miles, Will

177

New energy replacement method for resonant power supplies  

SciTech Connect

The Resonant Power Supply is an economically and technically advanced solution for Rapid Cycling Accelerators. Several papers dealt with the design and operation of these power supplies, however, the energy replacement methods were not discussed in the past. This paper analyzes different energy-replacement methods and presents a new method. This method uses a 24-pulse converter to regulate the magnet current during flat-top and injection periods and replaces the energy loss by charging the accelerator capacitor bank during the flat-top, reset and injection periods, charge is injected in the circuit during the acceleration period, when it replaces the energy loss. This paper compares the new method with the existing ones. The analyses proved the feasibility of the proposed method. The operation of the proposed method was verified by a model experiment, which showed that the new circuit can be controlled accurately and operates with smaller disturbances to the power line than the existing systems. 2 refs., 6 figs., 1 tab.

Karady, G.G.; Thiessen, H.A.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Can Computer Simulations Replace Real Equipment in Undergraduate Laboratories?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Can Computer Simulations Replace Real Equipment in Undergraduate Laboratories? N. D. Finkelstein, K, Boulder Abstract. This paper examines the effects of substituting computer simulations in place of real (DC) circuit laboratory was modified to compare the effects of using computer simulations

Colorado at Boulder, University of

179

Operations, Maintenance, and Replacement 10-Year Plan, 1990 -1999.  

SciTech Connect

In 1988 Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) began work on this Operations, Maintenance, and Replacement 10-Year Plan to develop a levelized program that would assure high system reliability. During the Programs in Perspective (PIP) meetings in the late summer and fall of 1988, many of the concerns to be addressed in an Operations, Maintenance, and Replacement Plan were identified. Following these PIP meetings BPA established internal work groups. During the winter and spring of 1989, these work groups developed technical background and issue papers on topics that ranged from substation maintenance to environmental protection. In addition, a customer forum group was established and met on several occasions to review work on the plan, to offer ideas and points of view, and to assure that BPA understood customer concerns. Based on recommendations from the work group reports and customer input, BPA's O M Management Team developed the draft Operations, Maintenance, and Replacement 10-Year Plan that was released for public comment during the spring of 1990. During the public review period, BPA received a number of written comments from customers and the interested public. In addition, special meetings were held with interested customers. This final Operations, Maintenance, and Replacement 10-Year Plan reflects BPA's response to customers and interested public on each topic discussed in the 10-Year Plan. The plan is a distillation of BPA's strategies to achieve a levelized program over 10 years.

United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

1990-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Operations, Maintenance, and Replacement 10-Year Plan, 1990--1999  

SciTech Connect

In 1988 Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) began work on this Operations, Maintenance, and Replacement 10-Year Plan to develop a levelized program that would assure high system reliability. During the Programs in Perspective (PIP) meetings in the later summer and fall of 1988, many of the concerns to be addressed in an Operations, Maintenance, and Replacement Plan were identified. Following these PIP meetings BPA established internal work groups. During the winter and spring of 1989, these work groups developed technical background and issue papers on topics that ranged from substation maintenance to environmental protection. In addition, a customer forum group was established and met on several occasions to review work on the plan, to offer ideas and points of view, and to assure that BPA understood customer concerns. Based on recommendations from the work group reports and customer input, BPA's O M Management Team developed the draft Operations, Maintenance, and Replacement 10-Year Plan that was released for public comment during the spring of 1990. During the public review period, BPA received a number of written comments from customers and the interested public. In addition, special meetings were held with interested customers. This final Operations, Maintenance, and Replacement 10-year Plan reflects BPA's response to customers and interested public on each topic discussed in the 10-Year Plan. The plan is a distillation of BPA's strategies to achieve a levelized program over 10 years.

Not Available

1990-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "metal halide replacing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

RELIABILITY OF SAMPLING INSPECTION SCHEMES APPLIED TO REPLACEMENT STEAM GENERATORS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

RELIABILITY OF SAMPLING INSPECTION SCHEMES APPLIED TO REPLACEMENT STEAM GENERATORS Guy Roussel on the uninspected part of the tubing. 1 INTRODUCTION In Pressurized Water Reactors, a program of periodic in for determining the percentage of tubes sampled is to provide, by means of a statistical analysis, an equation

Cizelj, Leon

182

Electrical Equipment Replacement: Energy Efficiency versus System Compatibility  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

upgrading electrical equipment to energy efficient models, including conductor sizing, overcurrent protective devices, grounding, and harmonics. The pages that follow provide guidance in the decision-making process when replacing electrical equipment... equipment. Several areas of compatibility must be addressed for equipment to work properly. Critical areas of concern are conductor sizing, overcurrent protection devices, grounding, and harmonics. Conductor Sizing Conductors are sized...

Massey, G. W.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

HVAC & Building Management Control System Energy Efficiency Replacements  

SciTech Connect

The project objective was the replacement of an aging, un-repairable HVAC system which has grown inefficient and a huge energy consumer with low energy and efficient HVAC units, and installation of energy efficient building control technologies at City's YMCA Community Center.

Hernandez, Adriana

2012-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

184

The deep water gas charged accumulator and its possible replacements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

not be affected by the increasing hydrostatic pressure of water as a function of water depth. Springs and heavy weights will be discussed as two options to replace nitrogen in accumulators. Efficient deep water accumulators would reduce the number of accumulators...

Mir Rajabi, Mehdi

2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

185

Mechanochemical processing for metals and metal alloys  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A set of processes for preparing metal powders, including metal alloy powders, by ambient temperature reduction of a reducible metal compound by a reactive metal or metal hydride through mechanochemical processing. The reduction process includes milling reactants to induce and complete the reduction reaction. The preferred reducing agents include magnesium and calcium hydride powders. A process of pre-milling magnesium as a reducing agent to increase the activity of the magnesium has been established as one part of the invention.

Froes, Francis H. (Moscow, ID); Eranezhuth, Baburaj G. (Moscow, ID); Prisbrey, Keith (Moscow, ID)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Controlled Doping of Transition Metal Cations in Alumina Pillared Clays  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

First, calcined Al-PILC was dispersed into an aqueous solution of sodium or ammonium ions. ... The ion-doped Al-PILC was then exchanged with an aqueous solution of transition metal salt at a pH of ?4.5 to replace Na+ or NH4+ ions by transition metal cations. ... Analytical techniques such as atomic absorption spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, diffuse reflectance?ultraviolet?visible spectroscopy, as well as N2 adsorption were used to characterize the PILC products with and without the loading of metal ions. ...

H. Y. Zhu; Z. H. Zhu; G. Q. Lu

2000-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

187

21st Century Locomotive Technology: Quarterly Technical Status Report 21 DOE/AL68284-TSR21  

SciTech Connect

Development of thermal analysis capabilities for a sodium metal halide battery system was initiated.

Lembit Salasoo

2008-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

188

Categorical Exclusion 4567, MPLE Test Stand Replacement Project  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

.Forn1 .Forn1 Project Title: MPLE Test Stand Replacement Project (4567) Oak Ridge Tennessee This work scope is upgrade and replace equipment with a new high-pressure leak testing capability. General AdministrationlManagement DA 1 - Routine business actions DA2 - Administrative contract amendments DA4 Interpretations/rulings for existing regulations DA5 - Regulatory interpretations without environmental effect DA6 Procedural rulemakings upgrade DA7 - Transfer of property, use unchanged DA8 - Award of technical supportlM&O/personal service contracts DA9 - Info gathering, analysis, documentation, dissemination, and training DA I 0 - Reports on non-DOE legislation DAII Technical advice and planning assistance construction/operation/decommissioning DA 12 -

189

Microsoft Word - CX-Coulee_Westside_Relay_Replacement_130205.docx  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

6, 2013 6, 2013 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEC-4 SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Roy Slocum Project Manager - TEP-CSB-2 Proposed Action: Coulee-Westside Transfer Trip Replacement Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B1.7 Electronic Equipment Locations: Grand Coulee, WA and Spokane, WA Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) Description of the Proposed Action: The BPA has entered into a three-party agreement with Bureau of Reclamation (Bureau) and Avista Corporation (Avista) to coordinate the replacement of relays and removal of transfer trip equipment at Avista's Westside Substation and the Bureau's Grand Coulee Switchyard on the Grand Coulee-Westside 230-kilovolt (kV) Transmission Line. Under this agreement, BPA proposes to:

190

Microsoft Word - Roza_Transformer_Replacement_CX_Final.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Clearance Memorandum Clearance Memorandum Patricia Smith Project Manager KEWU-4 Proposed Action: Replace two broken transformers near the Roza Dam adult trap facility Budget Information: Work Order #188534, Task #1 Fish and Wildlife Project No.: 1997-013-25 Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B4.6 Additions or modifications to electric power transmission facilities that would not affect the environment beyond the previously developed facility area including, but not limited to, switchyard rock grounding upgrades, secondary containment projects, paving projects, seismic upgrading, tower modifications, changing insulators, and replacement of poles, circuit breakers, conductors, transformers, and crossarms. Location: Roza Diversion Dam Adult Trap Facility , Township 15 North, Range 19 East,

191

Stochastic Ratchet Mechanisms for Replacement of Proteins Bound to DNA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Experiments indicate that unbinding rates of proteins from DNA can depend on the concentration of proteins in nearby solution. Here we present a theory of multi-step replacement of DNA-bound proteins by solution-phase proteins. For four different kinetic scenarios we calculate the depen- dence of protein unbinding and replacement rates on solution protein concentration. We find (1) strong effects of progressive 'rezipping' of the solution-phase protein onto DNA sites liberated by 'unzipping' of the originally bound protein; (2) that a model in which solution-phase proteins bind non-specifically to DNA can describe experiments on exchanges between the non specific DNA- binding proteins Fis-Fis and Fis-HU; (3) that a binding specific model describes experiments on the exchange of CueR proteins on specific binding sites.

Simona Cocco; John F. Marko; Remi Monasson

2014-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

192

L Prize Competition Winner 60W Incandesent Replacement Lamp Update  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Technology Deployment Technology Deployment Working Group L Prize ® Competition Winner 60W Incandescent Replacement Lamp Update James E. Rannels, Senior Advisor L Prize Competition D&R International May 23, 2012 Philips Wins First L Prize 2 * August 3, 2011: Philips announced as winner of 60W replacement bulb category * Product distributed thru commercial and retail channels Image courtesy of Philips -...[O]nce an award is made the authorizing Act directs General Services Administration to develop federal purchasing schedules for solid-state lamps that meet or exceed the specifications laid out in the prize category-so long as it is cost effective. I hope the GSA begins this process soon.‖

193

OSRAM SYLVANIA Develops High-Efficiency LED Troffer Replacement  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

With the help of DOE funding, OSRAM SYLVANIA is developing a high-efficiency LED 2'x2' troffer replacement that is expected to be commercially available in the spring of 2012 and to be cost-competitive with existing troffers of that size. It is projected to have a light output of up to 4,000 lumens, an efficacy of more than 100 lm/W, and a CCT of 3500K.

194

Life Cycle Optimization of Automobile Replacement:? Model and Application  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Life Cycle Optimization of Automobile Replacement:? Model and Application ... Moreover, manufacturers have been exploring new propulsion systems and fuels, such as hybrid electric vehicles and hydrogen fuel cell vehicles. ... The catalytic activity of samples taken from an oxidation catalyst mounted on diesel-driven automobiles and aged under road conditions was recovered to a significant extent by washing with a dilute solution of citric acid. ...

Hyung Chul Kim; Gregory A. Keoleian; Darby E. Grande; James C. Bean

2003-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Metal-phosphate binders  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A metal-phosphate binder is provided. The binder may include an aqueous phosphoric acid solution, a metal-cation donor including a metal other than aluminum, an aluminum-cation donor, and a non-carbohydrate electron donor.

Howe, Beth Ann [Lewistown, IL; Chaps-Cabrera, Jesus Guadalupe [Coahuila, MX

2009-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

196

Draft 1992 : Operations, Maintenance, and Replacement 10-Year Plan.  

SciTech Connect

Two years ago, BPA released its first-ever Operations, Maintenance, and Replacement (OM R) 10-Year Plan. That effort broke new ground and was an extensive look at the condition of Operations, Maintenance, and Replacement on BPA's power system. This document -- the 1992 OM R 10-Year Plan -- uses that original plan as its foundation. It takes a look at how well BPA has accomplished the challenging task set out in the 1990 Plan. The 1992 Plan also introduces the Construction Program. Construction's critical role in these programs is explored, and the pressures of construction workload -- such as the seasonal nature of the work and the broad swings in workload between projects and years -- are discussed. The document then looks at how situations may have changed with issues explored initially in the 1990 Plan. Importantly, this Plan also surfaces and explains some new issues that threaten to impact BPA's ability to accomplish its OM R workload. Finally, the document focuses on the revised strategies for Operations, Maintenance, Replacement, Construction, and Environment for the 1992 to 2001 time period, including the financial and human resources needed to accomplish those strategies.

United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Draft 1992 : Operations, Maintenance, and Replacement 10-Year Plan.  

SciTech Connect

Two years ago, BPA released its first-ever Operations, Maintenance, and Replacement (OM&R) 10-Year Plan. That effort broke new ground and was an extensive look at the condition of Operations, Maintenance, and Replacement on BPA`s power system. This document -- the 1992 OM&R 10-Year Plan -- uses that original plan as its foundation. It takes a look at how well BPA has accomplished the challenging task set out in the 1990 Plan. The 1992 Plan also introduces the Construction Program. Construction`s critical role in these programs is explored, and the pressures of construction workload -- such as the seasonal nature of the work and the broad swings in workload between projects and years -- are discussed. The document then looks at how situations may have changed with issues explored initially in the 1990 Plan. Importantly, this Plan also surfaces and explains some new issues that threaten to impact BPA`s ability to accomplish its OM&R workload. Finally, the document focuses on the revised strategies for Operations, Maintenance, Replacement, Construction, and Environment for the 1992 to 2001 time period, including the financial and human resources needed to accomplish those strategies.

United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

The National Energy Policy Act and lamp replacement options  

SciTech Connect

The National Policy Act of 1992 involves the creation of energy efficiency standards for a wide range of products including fluorescent and incandescent lamps. Minimum efficacy (lumens per watt) and color rendering index (CRI) standards are mandated for the popular fluorescent lamps: four-foot medium bi-pin, two-foot U-bent, eight-foot slimline and eight-foot high output. Minimum efficacies are mandated for specific incandescent R and PAR reflector lamps. These standards will affect selected colors and designs of fluorescent lamps, the most significant being the standard lamps in the cool white and warm white colors. The incandescent reflector lamps will include the R-30, R-40, PAR-38 lamps above 40 watts, excluding the halogen types. These efficiency and color rendering standards will require end-users and specifiers to select replacement fluorescent lamps from a range of performance characteristics (lumen output, efficacy, CRI and price). The choice of replacement for the R and PAR incandescent lamps will include the halogen designs and compact fluorescent designs. In this paper, replacement options will be analyzed and discussed and the effect of these options on the performance of the lighting system will be explored in detail.

Ryerson, C.

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Metal Hydrides - Science Needs  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Storage Grand Challenge Pre-Solicitation Meeting, June 19, 2003 1 Metal Hydrides - Science Needs TRADITIONAL METALLIC HYDRIDES: 1.5 to 2 wt.% H. Well studied. COMPLEX...

200

Probing metal solidification nondestructively  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Probing metal solidification nondestructively This is the first time that high-energy protons have been used to nondestructively image a large metal sample during melting and...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "metal halide replacing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Probing metal solidification nondestructively  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Probing metal solidification nondestructively This is the first time that high-energy protons have been used to nondestructively image a large metal sample during melting...

202

Method and making group IIB metal - telluride films and solar cells  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A technique is disclosed forming thin films (13) of group IIB metal-telluride, such as Cd.sub.x Zn.sub.1-x Te (0.ltoreq.x.ltoreq.1), on a substrate (10) which comprises depositing Te (18) and at least one of the elements (19) of Cd, Zn, and Hg onto a substrate and then heating the elements to form the telluride. A technique is also provided for doping this material by chemically forming a thin layer of a dopant on the surface of the unreacted elements and then heating the elements along with the layer of dopant. A method is disclosed of fabricating a thin film photovoltaic cell which comprises depositing Te and at least one of the elements of Cd, Zn, and Hg onto a substrate which contains on its surface a semiconductor film (12) and then heating the elements in the presence of a halide of the Group IIB metals, causing the formation of solar cell grade Group IIB metal-telluride film and also causing the formation of a rectifying junction, in situ, between the semiconductor film on the substrate and the Group IIB metal-telluride layer which has been formed.

Basol, Bulent M. (Redondo Beach, CA); Kapur, Vijay K. (Northridge, CA)

1990-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

203

Calculation of rate constants for dissociative attachment of low-energy electrons to hydrogen halides HCl, HBr, and HI and their deuterated analogs  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Calculations of rate constants for the process of dissociative attachment of low-energy electrons to hydrogen halides HCl, HBr, and HI and for the reverse process of associative detachment based on the nonlocal resonance model are reported. The calculated data are of importance for the modeling of plasma processes, environmental chemistry, etc. The calculated dissociative attachment rate constants are found to be in good agreement with existing experimental data. It is shown that at low temperatures the rate constants are very sensitive to small changes of the parameters of the nonlocal resonance model used for the calculation of the rate constants and represent a severe test of the theory. The isotopic effect and its dependence on the temperature is also discussed. The calculations of rate constants for the reverse process of associative detachment are also reported and discussed.

Karel Houfek; Martin ?ížek; Ji?í Horá?ek

2002-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

204

Effects of stereochemistry and ?-substituents on the rates of vinylic SN2 reaction of hypervalent vinyl(phenyl)-?3-iodanes with tetrabutylammonium halides  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Both stereoisomers of ?-(2-phenylethoxy)vinyl-?3-iodane and (Z)-?-aroyloxyvinyl-?3-iodane were prepared stereoselectively. These substituted vinyl-?3-iodanes undergo nucleophilic vinylic substitutions with n-Bu4NX (X=Cl, Br, I) under mild conditions, yielding vinyl halides. The observed inversion of configuration at the ipso vinylic carbon atom is compatible with a concerted vinylic SN2 mechanism. Kinetic measurements indicated that the rates for vinylic SN2 reaction of (Z)-vinyl-?3-iodane are greater than those of the E-isomer, probably because of the higher ground state energy of the Z-isomer. Electronic effects of ?-substituents of vinyl-?3-iodanes in the vinylic SN2 reaction are also discussed.

Kazunori Miyamoto; Takuji Okubo; Masaya Hirobe; Munetaka Kunishima; Masahito Ochiai

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds Print Wednesday, 29 May 2013 00:00 Metal oxides are important for scientific and technical applications in a variety of disciplines, including materials science, chemistry, and biology. Highly covalent metal-oxygen multiple bonds (metal oxos) are the building blocks of metal oxides and have a bearing on the oxide's desirable chemical, magnetic, electronic, and thermal properties. The lack of a more sophisticated grasp of bonding in metal oxides constitutes a roadblock to innovation in a wide variety of important emergent technologies, including industrial catalysis, biomimetic transformations, and artificial photosynthesis. To address this problem, a research team from four national laboratories, three Department of Energy synchrotron user facilities, and the University of Washington has applied spectroscopic and computational analyses to a number of metal oxides, quantifying trends in metal oxo bonding for groups of metals across the periodic table.

206

A Centrifugal Contactor Design to Facilitate Remote Replacement  

SciTech Connect

Advanced designs of nuclear fuel recycling and radioactive waste treatment plants are expected to include more ambitious goals for solvent extraction based separations including; higher separations efficiency, high-level waste minimization, and a greater focus on continuous processes to minimize cost and footprint. Therefore, Annular Centrifugal Contactors (ACCs) are destined to play a more important role for such future processing schemes. This work continues the development of remote designs for ACCs that can process the large throughputs needed for future nuclear fuel recycling and radioactive waste treatment plants. A three stage, 12.5 cm diameter rotor module has been constructed and is being evaluated for use in highly radioactive environments. This prototype assembly employs three standard CINC V-05 clean-in-place (CIP) units modified for remote service and replacement via new methods of connection for solution inlets, outlets, drain and CIP. Hydraulic testing and functional checks were successfully conducted and then the prototype was evaluated for remote handling and maintenance. Removal and replacement of the center position V-05R contactor in the three stage assembly was demonstrated using an overhead rail mounted PaR manipulator. Initial evaluation indicates a viable new design for interconnecting and cleaning individual stages while retaining the benefits of commercially reliable ACC equipment. Replacement of a single stage via remote manipulators and tools is estimated to take about 30 minutes, perhaps fast enough to support a contactor change without loss of process equilibrium. The design presented in this work is scalable to commercial ACC models from V-05 to V-20 with total throughput rates ranging from 20 to 650 liters per minute.

David H. Meikrantz; Jack. D. Law; Troy G. Garn; Lawrence L. Macaluso

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Heavy metal biosensor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Compositions and methods are provided for detection of certain heavy metals using bacterial whole cell biosensors.

Hillson, Nathan J; Shapiro, Lucille; Hu, Ping; Andersen, Gary L

2014-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

208

Solid-State Lighting: LED Replacement Lamps: Current Performance and the  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

LED Replacement Lamps: Current LED Replacement Lamps: Current Performance and the Latest on ENERGY STAR® to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: LED Replacement Lamps: Current Performance and the Latest on ENERGY STAR® on Facebook Tweet about Solid-State Lighting: LED Replacement Lamps: Current Performance and the Latest on ENERGY STAR® on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: LED Replacement Lamps: Current Performance and the Latest on ENERGY STAR® on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: LED Replacement Lamps: Current Performance and the Latest on ENERGY STAR® on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting: LED Replacement Lamps: Current Performance and the Latest on ENERGY STAR® on Digg Find More places to share Solid-State Lighting: LED Replacement Lamps: Current Performance and the Latest on ENERGY STAR® on

209

Is it Cost-Effective to Replace Old Eddy-Current Drives? | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Is it Cost-Effective to Replace Old Eddy-Current Drives? Is it Cost-Effective to Replace Old Eddy-Current Drives? New pulse-width-modulated (PWM) adjustable speed drives (ASDs) may...

210

Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds Print Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds Print Metal oxides are important for scientific and technical applications in a variety of disciplines, including materials science, chemistry, and biology. Highly covalent metal-oxygen multiple bonds (metal oxos) are the building blocks of metal oxides and have a bearing on the oxide's desirable chemical, magnetic, electronic, and thermal properties. The lack of a more sophisticated grasp of bonding in metal oxides constitutes a roadblock to innovation in a wide variety of important emergent technologies, including industrial catalysis, biomimetic transformations, and artificial photosynthesis. To address this problem, a research team from four national laboratories, three Department of Energy synchrotron user facilities, and the University of Washington has applied spectroscopic and computational analyses to a number of metal oxides, quantifying trends in metal oxo bonding for groups of metals across the periodic table.

211

Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds Print Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds Print Metal oxides are important for scientific and technical applications in a variety of disciplines, including materials science, chemistry, and biology. Highly covalent metal-oxygen multiple bonds (metal oxos) are the building blocks of metal oxides and have a bearing on the oxide's desirable chemical, magnetic, electronic, and thermal properties. The lack of a more sophisticated grasp of bonding in metal oxides constitutes a roadblock to innovation in a wide variety of important emergent technologies, including industrial catalysis, biomimetic transformations, and artificial photosynthesis. To address this problem, a research team from four national laboratories, three Department of Energy synchrotron user facilities, and the University of Washington has applied spectroscopic and computational analyses to a number of metal oxides, quantifying trends in metal oxo bonding for groups of metals across the periodic table.

212

Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds Print Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds Print Metal oxides are important for scientific and technical applications in a variety of disciplines, including materials science, chemistry, and biology. Highly covalent metal-oxygen multiple bonds (metal oxos) are the building blocks of metal oxides and have a bearing on the oxide's desirable chemical, magnetic, electronic, and thermal properties. The lack of a more sophisticated grasp of bonding in metal oxides constitutes a roadblock to innovation in a wide variety of important emergent technologies, including industrial catalysis, biomimetic transformations, and artificial photosynthesis. To address this problem, a research team from four national laboratories, three Department of Energy synchrotron user facilities, and the University of Washington has applied spectroscopic and computational analyses to a number of metal oxides, quantifying trends in metal oxo bonding for groups of metals across the periodic table.

213

Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds Print Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds Print Metal oxides are important for scientific and technical applications in a variety of disciplines, including materials science, chemistry, and biology. Highly covalent metal-oxygen multiple bonds (metal oxos) are the building blocks of metal oxides and have a bearing on the oxide's desirable chemical, magnetic, electronic, and thermal properties. The lack of a more sophisticated grasp of bonding in metal oxides constitutes a roadblock to innovation in a wide variety of important emergent technologies, including industrial catalysis, biomimetic transformations, and artificial photosynthesis. To address this problem, a research team from four national laboratories, three Department of Energy synchrotron user facilities, and the University of Washington has applied spectroscopic and computational analyses to a number of metal oxides, quantifying trends in metal oxo bonding for groups of metals across the periodic table.

214

The use of VLD (vive la difference) in the molecular-replacement approach: a pipeline  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The VLD approach has been integrated into a molecular-replacement pipeline for automatic protein crystal structure solution.

Carrozzini, B.

2013-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

215

Use of the formula of dynamic discounted costs for determining the replacement cost of electrical energy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Determination of the replacement costs of fuel and electrical energy is of great theoretical and practical importance.

D. S. Shchavelev

1988-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Interim guidance on determination and use of water-effect ratios for metals  

SciTech Connect

When a site-specific aquatic life criterion is derived for a metal, an adjustment procedure based on the toxicological determination of a water-effect ratio (WER) may be used to account for a difference between the toxicity of the metal in laboratory dilution water and its toxicity in the water at the site. The guidance contained herein replaces previous agency guidance concerning (1) the determination of WERs for use in the derivation of site-specific aquatic life criteria for metals and (2) the Recalculation Procedure. The guidance is designed to apply to metals, but the principles apply to most pollutants.

Stephan, C.E.; Peltier, W.H.; Hansen, D.J.; Delos, C.G.; Chapman, G.A.

1994-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Operational Readiness Review: Savannah River Replacement Tritium Facility  

SciTech Connect

The Operational Readiness Review (ORR) is one of several activities to be completed prior to introducing tritium into the Replacement Tritium Facility (RTF) at the Savannah River Site (SRS). The Secretary of Energy will rely in part on the results of this ORR in deciding whether the startup criteria for RTF have been met. The RTF is a new underground facility built to safely service the remaining nuclear weapons stockpile. At RTF, tritium will be unloaded from old components, purified and enriched, and loaded into new or reclaimed reservoirs. The RTF will replace an aging facility at SRS that has processed tritium for more than 35 years. RTF has completed construction and is undergoing facility startup testing. The final stages of this testing will require the introduction of limited amounts of tritium. The US Department of Energy (DOE) ORR was conducted January 19 to February 4, 1993, in accordance with an ORR review plan which was developed considering previous readiness reviews. The plan also considered the Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board (DNFSB) Recommendations 90-4 and 92-6, and the judgements of experienced senior experts. The review covered three major areas: (1) Plant and Equipment Readiness, (2) Personnel Readiness, and (3) Management Systems. The ORR Team was comprised of approximately 30 members consisting of a Team Leader, Senior Safety Experts, and Technical Experts. The ORR objectives and criteria were based on DOE Orders, industry standards, Institute of Nuclear Power Operations guidelines, recommendations of external oversight groups, and experience of the team members.

Not Available

1993-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Optimisation of gearbox replacement policy using vibration measurement data  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Gearbox system reliability is a critical factor in the success of any industrial project. Poor reliability directly affects both the project's revenue stream through increased operation and maintenance (O&M) costs and reduced availability to the system due to its downtime. Indirectly, the acceptance of the system by the financial and developer communities as a viable enterprise is influenced by the risk associated with the capital equipment reliability; increased risk, or at least the perception of increased risk, is generally accompanied by increased financing fees or interest rates. However, this paper explores a reliability based on a developed an analytical mathematical method for predicting remaining lifetime of cracked gear tooth. The development is focused specifically on the investigation of a generalised statistical method for characterising and predicting system Weibull density function degradation (hazard rate). Using this method, optimal preventive age replacement policy is determined to maximise gearbox system reliability, and consequently an optimal cost analysis can be estimated. A simple geared system is used as a medium for real data collection, where the torsional vibration acceleration was measured and analysed. The results indicate that the knowledge of the remaining lifetime and the optimised replacement cost of the faulty gear can enhance the process of scheduling maintenance, ordering spare parts and using resources; consequently a reduction of maintenance cost.

Mohamed Ibrahim Khalil; Mohamed Sabry A. El-morsy; Shawki A. Abouel-seoud

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Wood Pellets for UBC Boilers Replacing Natural Gas Based on LCA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wood Pellets for UBC Boilers Replacing Natural Gas Based on LCA Submitted to Dr. Bi By Bernard Chan Pellets for UBC Boilers Replacing Natural Gas" By Bernard Chan, Brian Chan, and Christopher Young Abstract This report studies the feasibility of replacing natural gas with wood pellets for UBC boilers. A gasification

220

Mineral replacement rate of olivine by chrysotile and brucite under high1 alkaline conditions2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Mineral replacement rate of olivine by chrysotile and brucite under high1 alkaline conditions2 3 replaced by18 chrysotile and brucite under high alkaline conditions. In our study, olivine replacement19 between olivine and chrysotile-brucite minerals. Coupled dissolution-precipitation21 led to the alteration

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "metal halide replacing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

DEVELOPMENT OF REMOTE HANFORD CONNECTOR GASKET REPLACEMENT TOOLING FOR DWPF  

SciTech Connect

The Defense Waste Processing Facility (DWPF) requested the Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) to develop tooling and equipment to remotely replace gaskets in mechanical Hanford connectors to reduce personnel radiation exposure as compared to the current hands-on method. It is also expected that radiation levels will continually increase with future waste streams. The equipment is operated in the Remote Equipment Decontamination Cell (REDC), which is equipped with compressed air, two master-slave manipulators (MSM's) and an electro-mechanical manipulator (EMM) arm for operation of the remote tools. The REDC does not provide access to electrical power, so the equipment must be manually or pneumatically operated. The MSM's have a load limit at full extension of ten pounds, which limited the weight of the installation tool. In order to remotely replace Hanford connector gaskets several operations must be performed remotely, these include: removal of the spent gasket and retaining ring (retaining ring is also called snap ring), loading the new snap ring and gasket into the installation tool and installation of the new gasket into the Hanford connector. SRNL developed and tested tools that successfully perform all of the necessary tasks. Removal of snap rings from horizontal and vertical connectors is performed by separate air actuated retaining ring removal tools and is manipulated in the cell by the MSM. In order install a new gasket, the snap ring loader is used to load a new snap ring into a groove in the gasket installation tool. A new gasket is placed on the installation tool and retained by custom springs. An MSM lifts the installation tool and presses the mounted gasket against the connector block. Once the installation tool is in position, the gasket and snap ring are installed onto the connector by pneumatic actuation. All of the tools are located on a custom work table with a pneumatic valve station that directs compressed air to the desired tool and vents the tools as needed. Extensive testing of tooling operation was performed in the DWPF manipulator repair shop. This testing allowed the operators to gain confidence before the equipment was exposed to radioactive contamination. The testing also led to multiple design improvements. On July 17 and 29, 2008 the Remote Gasket Replacement Tooling was successfully demonstrated in the REDC at the DWPF of The Savannah River Site.

Krementz, D.; Coughlin, Jeffrey

2009-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

222

Metal-Air Batteries  

SciTech Connect

Metal-air batteries have much higher specific energies than most currently available primary and rechargeable batteries. Recent advances in electrode materials and electrolytes, as well as new designs on metal-air batteries, have attracted intensive effort in recent years, especially in the development of lithium-air batteries. The general principle in metal-air batteries will be reviewed in this chapter. The materials, preparation methods, and performances of metal-air batteries will be discussed. Two main metal-air batteries, Zn-air and Li-air batteries will be discussed in detail. Other type of metal-air batteries will also be described.

Zhang, Jiguang; Bruce, Peter G.; Zhang, Gregory

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

FUEL DEVICE REPLACEMENT Use this application to request a replacement fuel access device for a device that has been lost or stolen. Use and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

FUEL DEVICE REPLACEMENT Use this application to request a replacement fuel access device as those explained in the original Fuel Device Application and for your convenience provided on this form Information Lost Stolen Unknown Date of last known use Certification of Use I certify that fuel access device

Kirschner, Denise

224

Bis(pentamethylcyclopentadienyl) ytterbium: Electron-transfer reactions with organotransition metal complexes  

SciTech Connect

The divalent lanthanide complex, (Me{sub 5}C{sub 5}){sub 2}Yb, reacts with methylcopper to produce the base-free, ytterbium-methyl complex, (Me{sub 5}C{sub 5}){sub 2}YbMe. This product forms a asymmetric, methyl-bridged dimer in the solid state. The bulky alkyl complex, (Me{sub 5}C{sub 5}){sub 2}YbCH(SiMe{sub 3}){sub 2}, displays similar chemistry to (Me{sub 5}C{sub 5}){sub 2}YbMe, but at a reduced reaction rate due to the limited accessibility of the metal in (Me{sub 5}C{sub 5}){sub 2}YbCH(SiMe{sub 3}){sub 2}. Copper and silver halide salts react with (Me{sub 5}C{sub 5}){sub 2}V to produce the trivalent halide derivatives, (Me{sub 5}C{sub 5}){sub 2}VX (X + F, Cl, Br, I). The chloride complex, (Me{sub 5}C{sub 5}){sub 2}VCl, reacts with lithium reagents to form the phenyl and borohydride species. Nitrous oxide transfers an oxygen atom to (Me{sub 5}C{sub 5}){sub 2}V producing the vanadium-oxo complex, (Me{sub 5}Ce{sub 5}){sub 2}VO. The trivalent titanium species, (Me{sub 5}C{sub 5}){sub 2}TiX (X = Cl, Br, Me, BH{sub 4}), form bimetallic coordination complexes with (Me{sub 5}C{sub 5}){sub 2}Yb. The magnetic behavior of the products indicates that electron transfer has not occurred. The solid state structures of the chloride and bromide complexes show unusual bend angles for the halide bridges between ytterbium and titanium. A model based on frontier orbital theory has been proposed to account for the bending behavior in these species. The bimetallic methyl complex contains a linear methyl bridge between ytterbium and titanium.

Matsunaga, P.T.

1991-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #394: October 17, 2005 Fuel to Replace  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

4: October 17, 4: October 17, 2005 Fuel to Replace Gasoline and Diesel Fuel to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #394: October 17, 2005 Fuel to Replace Gasoline and Diesel Fuel on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #394: October 17, 2005 Fuel to Replace Gasoline and Diesel Fuel on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #394: October 17, 2005 Fuel to Replace Gasoline and Diesel Fuel on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #394: October 17, 2005 Fuel to Replace Gasoline and Diesel Fuel on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #394: October 17, 2005 Fuel to Replace Gasoline and Diesel Fuel on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #394: October 17, 2005 Fuel to Replace Gasoline and Diesel Fuel on AddThis.com...

226

COLLOQUIUM: Are Mushrooms the Next Polymers?: Growing Plastic Replacements  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

March 20, 2013, 4:15pm to 6:30pm March 20, 2013, 4:15pm to 6:30pm Colloquia MBG Auditorium COLLOQUIUM: Are Mushrooms the Next Polymers?: Growing Plastic Replacements with Fungi Mr. Gavin McIntyre Ecovative Design LLC Colloquium Committee: The Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory 2013-2014 Colloquium Committee is comprised of the following people. Please feel free to contact them by e-mail regarding any possible speakers or topics for future colloquia. Carol Ann Austin caustin@pppl.gov John Greenwald, Chair jgreenwa@pppl.gov Charles H. Skinner cskinner@pppl.gov Daren Stotler dstotler@pppl.gov Carol Ann Austin 609-243-2484 Contact Information Coordinator(s): Ms. Carol Ann Austin caustin@pppl.gov Host(s): Ms. Kelsey Tresemer ktreseme@pppl.gov PPPL Entrance Procedures Visitor Information, Directions, Security at PPPL

227

Experimental Results on Statistical Approaches to Page Replacement Policies  

SciTech Connect

This paper investigates the questions of what statistical information about a memory request sequence is useful to have in making page replacement decisions: Our starting point is the Markov Request Model for page request sequences. Although the utility of modeling page request sequences by the Markov model has been recently put into doubt, we find that two previously suggested algorithms (Maximum Hitting Time and Dominating Distribution) which are based on the Markov model work well on the trace data used in this study. Interestingly, both of these algorithms perform equally well despite the fact that the theoretical results for these two algorithms differ dramatically. We then develop succinct characteristics of memory access patterns in an attempt to approximate the simpler of the two algorithms. Finally, we investigate how to collect these characteristics in an online manner in order to have a purely online algorithm.

LEUNG,VITUS J.; IRANI,SANDY

2000-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

228

Synthesis Of Fluorescent Metal Nanoclusters  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Synthesis Of Fluorescent Metal Nanoclusters Synthesis Of Fluorescent Metal Nanoclusters Fluorescent metal nanoclusters were prepared. Available for thumbnail of Feynman Center...

229

De-fatted fish meal as a source of protein in a milk replacer for dairy calves  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

greater feed efficiency. Scours and unthrifti- ness accompanied the calves on milk replacers. Though this report did not designate the composition of the replacers used, it does indicate the need for improved milk replacers. Suitable sources of energy... greater feed efficiency. Scours and unthrifti- ness accompanied the calves on milk replacers. Though this report did not designate the composition of the replacers used, it does indicate the need for improved milk replacers. Suitable sources of energy...

Wilson, Kenneth Owen

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

230

Metal phthalocyanine catalysts  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

As a new composition of matter, alkali metal or ammonium or tetraalkylammonium diazidoperfluorophthalocyanatoferrate. Other embodiments of the invention comprise compositions wherein the metal of the coordination complex is cobalt, manganese and chromium.

Ellis, Jr., Paul E. (Downingtown, PA); Lyons, James E. (Wallingford, PA)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

MECS 2006- Fabricated Metals  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Manufacturing Energy and Carbon Footprint for Fabricated Metals (NAICS 332) Sector with Total Energy Input, October 2012 (MECS 2006)

232

New York Power Authority/New York City Housing Authority refrigerator replacement program, first program year evaluation. Final report  

SciTech Connect

Acting as an energy services provider, the New York Power Authority (NYPA) has initiated a long-term project through which 20,000 refrigerators per year will be replaced with the most energy-efficient units possible in apartments managed by the New York City Housing Authority (NYCHA). Using bulk purchasing as an incentive to appliance manufacturers to produce energy-efficient refrigerators suitable for use in apartments, replaced in the first year of the program, which ended in December 1996. These units, kWh per year. Savings were determined by field testing and laboratory testing of 220 existing refrigerators and 56 newly-installed units. In the next program year, a 15.0-cubic-foot Maytag refrigerator, newly-designed in response to bulk purchasing incentives, is being installed. The new unit has a label rating of 437 kWh per year, 31 percent better than 1993 energy standards. Old refrigerators removed from apartments are {open_quotes}demanufactured{close_quotes} in an environmentally-appropriate way and both metals and refrigerants are recovered for reuse.

Kinney, L.F.; Lewis, G. [Synertech Systems Corp., Syracuse, NY (United States); Pratt, R.G.; Miller, J. [Pacific Northwest National Lab., Richland, WA (United States)

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Deposition of Contiguous Metal Adlayer on Transition Metal Nanostructu...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and Abstract Primary Lab Date Application 20100099012 Application 20100099012 Electrocatalyst Synthesized by Depositing a Contiguous Metal Adlayer on Transition Metal...

234

Progress in transition metal-based enantioselective catalysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In Chapter 1, the first enantioselective cross-coupling reactions of racemic secondary benzylic halides are described (eq 1). This method was applied to the syntheses of intermediates employed by other groups in the ...

Arp, Forrest O

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

4f-derived photoemission and 4f-ligand hybridization in light rare-earth halides  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We have studied the 4f-derived photoemission spectra of insulating Ce, Pr, and Nd trihalides by resonant photoemission spectroscopy. A double-peak structure is observed in every f spectrum as in metallic Ce, Pr, and Nd compounds and is successfully analyzed in terms of the cluster model. This confirms that the two peaks arise from hybridization between the 4f and ligand p orbitals rather than from two different screening channels of the f hole. The f-ligand hybridization strength is found to decrease on going from the Ce to Pr to Nd compounds, but appears to remain significantly large for heavier rare earths, suggesting the importance of hybridization effects in heavy rare-earth compounds.

A. Fujimori; T. Miyahara; T. Koide; T. Shidara; H. Kato; H. Fukutani; S. Sato

1988-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

236

Method of making metal-doped organic foam products  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Organic foams having a low density and very small cell size and method for roducing same in either a metal-loaded or unloaded (nonmetal loaded) form are described. Metal-doped foams are produced by soaking a polymer gel in an aqueous solution of desired metal salt, soaking the gel successively in a solvent series of decreasing polarity to remove water from the gel and replace it with a solvent of lower polarity with each successive solvent in the series being miscible with the solvents on each side and being saturated with the desired metal salt, and removing the last of the solvents from the gel to produce the desired metal-doped foam having desired density cell size, and metal loading. The unloaded or metal-doped foams can be utilized in a variety of applications requiring low density, small cell size foam. For example, rubidium-doped foam made in accordance with the invention has utility in special applications, such as in x-ray lasers.

Rinde, James A. (Livermore, CA)

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Effect of potassium halide salts on mutual solubility of water + aromatic hydrocarbons liquid–liquid interface studied with surface and interfacial tensions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Surface tension (?, mN/m) of benzene, toluene and ethylbenzene (EB) aromatic hydrocarbons (AHCs, low density liquids, LDL) and interfacial tension (IFT, mN/m) both with water and aqueous 0.1, 0.5, 1.0 mol kg? 1 KF, KCl, KBr, KI (high density liquids, HDL) separately at 303.15 K are reported. Contributions of –CH3 and –CH2CH3 of toluene and EB to hydrophobic interactions are calculated from ?toluene–?benzene and ?EB–?benzene, respectively. \\{IFTs\\} of water + AHCs liquid–liquid interfaces (LLI) are as toluene (34.71) > EB (32.35) > benzene (32.32 mN m? 1), with a ~ 32.32 mN m? 1 decrease from 71.40 mN m? 1 of water. \\{AHCs\\} with hyperconjugation (HC) and positive inductive effects (+ ve IE) with toluene and EB LLI have reduced IFT by 39.08, 2.39, ? 1.56 mN m? 1, respectively. The effects of ?-conjugation, –H, –CH3 and –CH2CH3 on surface tension are calculated as ?-conjugation = ?(IFTair–liquid ? IFTAPHS–benzene), –CH3 = ?(IFTAPHS–toluene ? IFTAPHS–benzene). The effects of halide salts on hypercongugation –H(–CH3)/3, –CH2CH3 are obtained from ?(IFTAPHS–EB ? IFTAPHS–benzene).

Man Singh

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Extraction process for removing metallic impurities from alkalide metals  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A development is described for removing metallic impurities from alkali metals by employing an extraction process wherein the metallic impurities are extracted from a molten alkali metal into molten lithium metal due to the immiscibility of the alkali metals in lithium and the miscibility of the metallic contaminants or impurities in the lithium. The purified alkali metal may be readily separated from the contaminant-containing lithium metal by simple decanting due to the differences in densities and melting temperatures of the alkali metals as compared to lithium.

Royer, L.T.

1987-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

239

 

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

The City of Milford Electric Department will be replacing (60) sixty existing High Pressure Sodium 175 Watt Metal Halide lights to energy efficient The City of Milford Electric Department will be replacing (60) sixty existing High Pressure Sodium 175 Watt Metal Halide lights to energy efficient 100 Watt LED lights in the downtown Milford area. This lighting change will save the City of Milford approximately $2,381.00 per year, plus an estimated reduction of 47,748 lbs. of CO2 equivalents. This is just a beginning initiative to improve the environmental quality for the citizens of Milford. Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grants DE-Replace Existing Street Lighting with LED Lights Milford Delaware Nov 19, 2009 Print Form for Records Submit via E-mail Billie Newland Digitally signed by Billie Newland DN: cn=Billie Newland, o=Energy Enterprise Solutions, ou, email=Billie.Newland@hq.doe.gov, c=US

240

E-Print Network 3.0 - ankle replacement star Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

star Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: ankle replacement star Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 BOSTON UNIVERSITY COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "metal halide replacing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

E-Print Network 3.0 - arthroplasty replacement finger Sample...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Mechanical Engineering and Bioengineering Summary: . "Conventional and Cross-linked Polyethylene Properties," L. Pruitt, in Total Knee Arthroplasty: A Guide... Replacements and...

242

E-Print Network 3.0 - arthroplasty replacement knee Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The BioMotion Foundation P... - eration in osteoarthritic knees and damage of polyethylene knee prostheses after total knee replacement... , before and after total knee ......

243

Text-Alternative Version: LED Replacement Lamps: Current Performance and the Latest on ENERGY STAR®  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Below is the text-alternative version of the LED Replacement Lamps: Current Performance and the Latest on ENERGY STAR® webcast.

244

E-Print Network 3.0 - authority refrigerator replacement Sample...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Summary: generally replacing their old refrigerator with a larger capacity unit. Rising energy prices and heightened... -95d DEVELOPMENT OF A HIGH EFFICIENCY,...

245

Five-year cost-utility analysis of acute renal replacement therapy: a societal perspective  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Assessment of the cost utility (CU) of acute renal replacement therapy (RRT) from a societal perspective during a 5-year follow-up.

Annika Laukkanen; Linda Emaus; Ville Pettilä…

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Feasibility/alternatives study for the planned replacement of Nuclear Material Safeguards System (NMSS)  

SciTech Connect

This document is a study which describes the NMSS replacement alternatives and provides recommended solutions. It also describes a NMSS Paradox prototype.

McBride, K.C.; Russell, V.K.

1994-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

247

Microsoft Word - CX-Redmond-PilotButte-Lapine_RelayCommunicationReplac...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

7, 2010 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEPR-4 SUBJECT: Environmental Cleareance Memorandum Jim Riehl Electrical Engineer - TECC-CSB-2 Proposed Action: Replace a relaytransfer trip rack at...

248

Economic and Conservation Evaluation of Capital Renovation Projects: Edinburg Irrigation District Hidalgo County No. 1 - 72" Pipeline Replacing Delivery Canal and Multi-Size Pipeline Replacing Delivery Canal  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

). Both nominal and real, expected economic and financial costs of water and energy savings are identified throughout the anticipated useful lives for both components of the proposed project (i.e., 72" pipeline replacing a segment of delivery canal along...

Rister, M. Edward; Lacewell, Ronald D.; Sturdivant, Allen W.; Robinson, John R.C.; Popp, Michael C.; Ellis, John R.

249

Sumitomo Metal Industries Ltd Sumitomo Metals | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sumitomo Metal Industries Ltd Sumitomo Metals Sumitomo Metal Industries Ltd Sumitomo Metals Jump to: navigation, search Name Sumitomo Metal Industries Ltd (Sumitomo Metals) Place Osaka-shi, Osaka, Japan Zip 540-0041 Sector Solar Product Engaged in the steel, engineering, and electronics businesses; works on fuel cell component technology and manufactures silicon wafers for the solar sector. References Sumitomo Metal Industries Ltd (Sumitomo Metals)[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Sumitomo Metal Industries Ltd (Sumitomo Metals) is a company located in Osaka-shi, Osaka, Japan . References ↑ "Sumitomo Metal Industries Ltd (Sumitomo Metals)" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Sumitomo_Metal_Industries_Ltd_Sumitomo_Metals&oldid=351744"

250

Broadband light absorption enhancement in polymer photovoltaics using metal nanowall gratings as transparent electrodes  

SciTech Connect

The authors investigate light absorption in organic solar cells in which indium tin oxide (ITO) is replaced by a new metallic architecture (grating) as a transparent electrode. Different from typical metal nanowire gratings, our gratings consist of metal nanowalls with nanoscale footprint and (sub)microscale height [Adv. Mater. 23, 2469 (2011)], thus ensuring high optical transmittance and electrical conductivity. Simulations reveal that a broadband and polarization-insensitive light absorption enhancement is achieved via two mechanisms, when such silver nanowall gratings are employed in P3HT:PCBM based solar cells. Overall absorption enhanced by ~23% compared to a reference cell with ITO electrode.

Ye, Zhuo; Chaudhary, Sumit; Kuang, Ping; Ho, Kai-Ming

2012-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

251

Photoactivated metal removal  

SciTech Connect

The authors propose the use of photochromic dyes as light activated switches to bind and release metal ions. This process, which can be driven by solar energy, can be used in environmental and industrial processes to remove metals from organic and aqueous solutions. Because the metals can be released from the ligands when irradiated with visible light, regeneration of the ligands and concentration of the metals may be easier than with conventional ion exchange resins. Thus, the process has the potential to be less expensive than currently used metal extraction techniques. In this paper, the authors report on their studies of the metal binding of spirogyran dyes and the hydrolytic stability of these dyes. They have prepared a number of spirogyrans and measured their binding constants for calcium and magnesium. They discuss the relationship of the structure of the dyes to their binding strengths. These studies are necessary towards determining the viability of this technique.

Nimlos, M.R.; Filley, J.; Ibrahim, M.A.; Watt, A.S.; Blake, D.M.

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Replacement of lead-loaded glovebox glove with attenuation medium that are not RCRA-hazardous metals  

SciTech Connect

Programmatic operations at the Los Alamos National Laboratory Plutonium Facility (TA-55) involve working with various amounts of plutonium and other highly toxic, alpha-emitting materials. The spread of radiological contamination on surfaces, airborne contamination, and excursions of contaminants into the operator's breathing zone are prevented through the use of a variety of gloveboxes (the glovebox, coupled with an adequate negative pressure gradient, provides primary confinement). Radiation shielding is commonly used to protect the glovebox worker from unintentional direct and secondary radiation exposure, while working with plutonium-238 and plutonium-239. In these environments, low-energy photons, i.e., those less than 250 keY, are encountered. Shielding glove box gloves are traditionally composed of lead-based materials, but these are now considered hazardous waste. This has prompted the development of new, nonhazardous- shielding gJovebox gloves. No studies, however, have investigated the effectiveness of these new glovebox gloves. We examined both leaded and nonhazardous- shielding glovebox gloves and compared their attenuation effectiveness over the energy range of interest at TA-55. All measurements are referenced to lead sheets, allowing direct comparisons to the common industry standard of 0.1 mm lead equivalent material. The attenuation properties of both types of glovebox gloves vary with energy, making it difficult for manufacturers to claim lead equivalency across the entire energy range used at TA-55. The positions of materials' photon energy absorption edges, which are particularly important to improved attenuation performance, depending upon the choice of radiation energy range, are discussed. This effort contributes to the Los Alamos National Laboratory Continuous Improvement Program by improving the efficiency, cost effectiveness, and formality of glovebox operations.

Cournoyer, Michael E [Los Alamos National Laboratory; George, Gerald L [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Dodge, Robert L [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Chunglo, Steve [CANBERRA INDUSTRIES

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Metal atomization spray nozzle  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A spray nozzle for a magnetohydrodynamic atomization apparatus has a feed passage for molten metal and a pair of spray electrodes mounted in the feed passage. The electrodes, diverging surfaces which define a nozzle throat and diverge at an acute angle from the throat. Current passes through molten metal when fed through the throat which creates the Lorentz force necessary to provide atomization of the molten metal. 6 figures.

Huxford, T.J.

1993-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

254

Fabricated Metals (2010 MECS)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Manufacturing Energy and Carbon Footprint for Fabricated Metals Sector (NAICS 332) Energy use data source: 2010 EIA MECS (with adjustments) Footprint Last Revised: February 2014

255

EMSL - trace metals  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

trace-metals en Microbial Reductive Transformation of Phyllosilicate Fe(III) and U(VI) in Fluvial Subsurface Sediments. http:www.emsl.pnl.govemslwebpublications...

256

Partial replacement of fossil fuel in a cement plant: Risk assessment for the population living in the neighborhood  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In cement plants, the substitution of traditional fossil fuels not only allows a reduction of CO2, but it also means to check-out residual materials, such as sewage sludge or municipal solid wastes (MSW), which should otherwise be disposed somehow/somewhere. In recent months, a cement plant placed in Alcanar (Catalonia, Spain) has been conducting tests to replace fossil fuel by refuse-derived fuel (RDF) from MSW. In July 2009, an operational test was progressively initiated by reaching a maximum of partial substitution of 20% of the required energy. In order to study the influence of the new process, environmental monitoring surveys were performed before and after the RDF implementation. Metals and polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans (PCDD/Fs) were analyzed in soil, herbage, and air samples collected around the facility. In soils, significant decreases of PCDD/F levels, as well as in some metal concentrations were found, while no significant increases in the concentrations of these pollutants were observed. In turn, PM10 levels remained constant, with a value of 16 ?g m? 3. In both surveys, the carcinogenic and non-carcinogenic risks derived from exposure to metals and PCDD/Fs for the population living in the vicinity of the facility were within the ranges considered as acceptable according to national and international standards. This means that RDF may be a successful choice in front of classical fossil fuels, being in accordance with the new EU environmental policies, which entail the reduction of CO2 emissions and the energetic valorization of MSW. However, further long-term environmental studies are necessary to corroborate the harmlessness of RDF, in terms of human health risks.

Joaquim Rovira; Montse Mari; Martí Nadal; Marta Schuhmacher; José L. Domingo

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

A survey of repair practices for nuclear power plant containment metallic pressure boundaries  

SciTech Connect

The Nuclear Regulatory Commission has initiated a program at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory to provide assistance in their assessment of the effects of potential degradation on the structural integrity and leaktightness of metal containment vessels and steel liners of concrete containments in nuclear power plants. One of the program objectives is to identify repair practices for restoring metallic containment pressure boundary components that have been damaged or degraded in service. This report presents issues associated with inservice condition assessments and continued service evaluations and identifies the rules and requirements for the repair and replacement of nonconforming containment pressure boundary components by welding or metal removal. Discussion topics include base and welding materials, welding procedure and performance qualifications, inspection techniques, testing methods, acceptance criteria, and documentation requirements necessary for making acceptable repairs and replacements so that the plant can be returned to a safe operating condition.

Oland, C.B.; Naus, D.J. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)

1998-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Application for Replacement of Certificates, Permits, or Licenses Page 1 of 4  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Application for Replacement of Certificates, Permits, or Licenses Page 1 of 4 Revised: 12/10/2012 OMB Control No. 0648-0272 Expiration Date: 11/30/2015 APPLICATION FOR REPLACEMENT OF CERTIFICATES Person ID: 3. Business Mailing Address: [ ] Permanent or [ ] Temporary 4. Date of Birth or Date

259

Dynamics Visual Servo Control System for the Electric Buses Battery Replacement Robot Following the Target  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper designs a robotic system based on dynamics visual servo control system for the electric buses battery replacement robot following the target in order to meet the development of the domestic electric car and to adapt to changes in the height ... Keywords: battery replacement robot, following the target, multi-axis motion control technology, dynamics visual servo, PID control

Qi Hui; Tan Lin

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Policies, Procedures and Guidelines Duplicate and Replacement Parchments Diplomas and Certificates Procedures1.doc.doc  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Policies, Procedures and Guidelines Duplicate and Replacement Parchments Diplomas and Certificates Procedures1.doc.doc Complete Policy Title: Duplicate and Replacement Parchments, Diplomas and Certificates Procedures Policy Number (if applicable): Approved by: Senate Date of Most Recent Approval: March 14, 2007

Haykin, Simon

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "metal halide replacing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Mineral replacement rate of olivine by chrysotile and brucite under high alkaline conditions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mineral replacement rate of olivine by chrysotile and brucite under high alkaline conditions Romain grains were replaced by chrysotile and brucite under high alkaline conditions. In our study, olivine at the interface between olivine and chrysotile­brucite minerals. Coupled dissolution­precipitation led

Montes-Hernandez, German

262

Energy Policy 29 (2001) 11331143 Ethanol as a lead replacement: phasing out leaded gasoline in Africa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy Policy 29 (2001) 1133­1143 Ethanol as a lead replacement: phasing out leaded gasoline cost of lead additives and of gasoline, and the falling cost of ethanol and sugarcane, have created sugarcane is produced in Africa to replace all the lead used in African gasoline; this would require Africa

Thomas, Valerie

263

Energy-ef cient Cache Replacement Policies for Cooperative Caching in Mobile Ad Hoc Network  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy-ef cient Cache Replacement Policies for Cooperative Caching in Mobile Ad Hoc Network Wenzhong Li City University of Hong Kong Kowloon, Hong Kong Email: wenzhong@cityu.edu.hk Edward Chan City dynamically. Most existing cache strategies perform replacement independently, and they seldom consider

Chan, Edward

264

Energy-efficient Cache Replacement Policies for Cooperative Caching in Mobile Ad Hoc  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy-efficient Cache Replacement Policies for Cooperative Caching in Mobile Ad Hoc Network Edward Chan a, ,Wenzhong Li a,b ,Daoxu Chen b aCity University of Hong Kong, Kowloon, Hong Kong b. Most existing cache strategies perform replacement independently, and they seldom consider coordinated

Chan, Edward

265

Mercury Thermometer Replacement Alternatives Thermometer Description Non-Mercury Non-Mercury Non-Mercury  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mercury Thermometer Replacement Alternatives Length Thermometer Description Non-Mercury Non-Mercury Non-Mercury Range / Division VWR-Enviro-Safe® Fisherbrand® Brooklyn Thermometer Company Inc. Total/A #12;Mercury Thermometer Replacement Alternatives Length Thermometer Description Non-Mercury Non

266

GRR/Section 19-WA-f - Water Well NOI for Replacement or Additional Wells |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

GRR/Section 19-WA-f - Water Well NOI for Replacement or Additional Wells GRR/Section 19-WA-f - Water Well NOI for Replacement or Additional Wells < GRR Jump to: navigation, search GRR-logo.png GEOTHERMAL REGULATORY ROADMAP Roadmap Home Roadmap Help List of Sections Section 19-WA-f - Water Well NOI for Replacement or Additional Wells 19-WA-f - Water Well NOI for Replacement or Additional Wells.pdf Click to View Fullscreen Contact Agencies Washington State Department of Ecology Regulations & Policies Revised Code of Washington 90.44.100 Revised Code of Washington 18.104.048 Washington Administrative Code 173-160-151 Triggers None specified A developer seeking to use ground water for an activity may need to drill a new well in a different location than a previous well, drill an additional well at an existing location, or drill a replacement well at the same

267

Drafty Windows: Is it Better to Insulate or Replace Them? | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Drafty Windows: Is it Better to Insulate or Replace Them? Drafty Windows: Is it Better to Insulate or Replace Them? Drafty Windows: Is it Better to Insulate or Replace Them? February 9, 2010 - 8:45am Addthis Andrea Spikes Communicator at DOE's National Renewable Energy Laboratory I've lived in my condominium for several years, and though it naturally stays cooler in the summer (with all west-facing windows) I struggle to keep it warm in the winter without taking out a loan to pay utilities. Like any homeowner, I must answer the question: Is it better to try and insulate my existing window, or am I better off replacing it? Sometimes the answer is purely about upfront costs, but other times the inefficiency more than justifies the cost of replacement. There are several ways to make windows more efficient: The least expensive

268

EA-1793: Replacement Capability for Disposal of Remote-handled Low-level  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

793: Replacement Capability for Disposal of Remote-handled 793: Replacement Capability for Disposal of Remote-handled Low-level Waste Generated at the Department of Energy's Idaho Site EA-1793: Replacement Capability for Disposal of Remote-handled Low-level Waste Generated at the Department of Energy's Idaho Site Summary This EA evaluates the environmental impacts of replacement capability for disposal of remote-handled low-level radioactive waste (LLW) generated at the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) site beginning in October 2017. Public Comment Opportunities Submit Comments to: Mr. Chuck Ljungberg 1955 Fremont Avenue, Mailstop 1216 Idaho Falls, ID 83415 Electronic mail: rhllwea@id.doe.gov Documents Available for Download December 21, 2011 EA-1793: Finding of No Significant Impact Replacement Capability for Disposal of Remote-Handled Low-Level Radioactive

269

Silicon metal-semiconductor-metal photodetector  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Silicon MSM photodiodes sensitive to radiation in the visible to near infrared spectral range are produced by altering the absorption characteristics of crystalline Si by ion implantation. The implantation produces a defected region below the surface of the silicon with the highest concentration of defects at its base which acts to reduce the contribution of charge carriers formed below the defected layer. The charge carriers generated by the radiation in the upper regions of the defected layer are very quickly collected between biased Schottky barrier electrodes which form a metal-semiconductor-metal structure for the photodiode.

Brueck, Steven R. J. (Albuquerque, NM); Myers, David R. (Albuquerque, NM); Sharma, Ashwani K. (Albuquerque, NM)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Silicon metal-semiconductor-metal photodetector  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Silicon MSM photodiodes sensitive to radiation in the visible to near infrared spectral range are produced by altering the absorption characteristics of crystalline Si by ion implantation. The implantation produces a defected region below the surface of the silicon with the highest concentration of defects at its base which acts to reduce the contribution of charge carriers formed below the defected layer. The charge carriers generated by the radiation in the upper regions of the defected layer are very quickly collected between biased Schottky barrier electrodes which form a metal-semiconductor-metal structure for the photodiode.

Brueck, Steven R. J. (Albuquerque, NM); Myers, David R. (Albuquerque, NM); Sharma, Ashwani K. (Albuquerque, NM)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Symmetry reduction of metal phthalocyanines on metals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The temperature-dependent adsorption behavior of fourfold symmetric metal phthalocyanines (MPcs) on metals with commensurate and incommensurate symmetries was investigated by scanning tunneling microscopy. On the fourfold symmetric Cu(100) surface, planar and fourfold molecular structures in two equivalent orientations were found for MPcs when prepared at room temperature. In addition, two metastable orientations were identified when prepared at low temperature, which can be depopulated upon annealing. MPcs adsorbed on the sixfold symmetric Cu(111) surface showed a disturbed molecular appearance. The symmetry of molecular structures changed from fourfold to twofold, which is discussed in terms of molecule-substrate interaction.

Shih-Hsin Chang; Stefan Kuck; Jens Brede; Leonid Lichtenstein; Germar Hoffmann; Roland Wiesendanger

2008-12-29T23:59:59.000Z

272

PHYTOEXTRACTION OF HEAVY METALS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) Type of phytoremediation Cost effective form of environmental remediation (Glass 1999) Chelating Agents: desorb heavy metals from soil matrix and form water-soluble metal complexes (Shen et al -using hyperaccumulator plant biomass to produce a bio-ore for commercial use -Li et al. look at using Ni

Blouin-Demers, Gabriel

273

Metallization of fluid hydrogen  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...P. Tunstall Metallization of fluid hydrogen W. J. Nellis 1 A. A. Louis 2 N...The electrical resistivity of liquid hydrogen has been measured at the high dynamic...which structural changes are paramount. hydrogen|metallization of hydrogen|liquid...

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Electroreflectance in Metals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Calculations have been made which suggest that the prominent maximum in the electroreflectance spectra of metals observed by Feinleib is not due to modulation of the optical constants of the electrolyte, but to modulation of the optical constants of the metal.

Arnold Prostak and Wilford N. Hansen

1967-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

275

Production of magnesium metal  

SciTech Connect

A process of producing magnesium metal includes providing magnesium carbonate, and reacting the magnesium carbonate to produce a magnesium-containing compound and carbon dioxide. The magnesium-containing compound is reacted to produce magnesium metal. The carbon dioxide is used as a reactant in a second process. In another embodiment of the process, a magnesium silicate is reacted with a caustic material to produce magnesium hydroxide. The magnesium hydroxide is reacted with a source of carbon dioxide to produce magnesium carbonate. The magnesium carbonate is reacted to produce a magnesium-containing compound and carbon dioxide. The magnesium-containing compound is reacted to produce magnesium metal. The invention further relates to a process for production of magnesium metal or a magnesium compound where an external source of carbon dioxide is not used in any of the reactions of the process. The invention also relates to the magnesium metal produced by the processes described herein.

Blencoe, James G. (Harriman, TN) [Harriman, TN; Anovitz, Lawrence M. (Knoxville, TN) [Knoxville, TN; Palmer, Donald A. (Oliver Springs, TN) [Oliver Springs, TN; Beard, James S. (Martinsville, VA) [Martinsville, VA

2010-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

276

Evaluation of the Method for Analyzing Chromium, Cobalt and Titanium Ion Levels in the Blood Following Hip Replacement with a Metal-on-Metal Prosthesis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......contaminated during storage, blood collection...was found between storage time and results...arthroplasty: a long-term follow-up study...osteoarthritis after a long-term follow-up. BMC...1989 and chromium waste. Journal of Public......

Janie Barry; Martin Lavigne; Pascal-André Vendittoli

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Metal-Nonmetal Transition in Metal-Ammonia Solutions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A review is given of the properties of metal-ammonia solutions together with a summary of the evidence for the existence of a metal-nonmetal transition.

J. C. THOMPSON

1968-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Electrodes synthesized from carbon nanostructures coated with a smooth and conformal metal adlayer  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

High-surface-area carbon nanostructures coated with a smooth and conformal submonolayer-to-multilayer thin metal films and their method of manufacture are described. The preferred manufacturing process involves the initial oxidation of the carbon nanostructures followed by a surface preparation process involving immersion in a solution with the desired pH to create negative surface dipoles. The nanostructures are subsequently immersed in an alkaline solution containing a suitable quantity of non-noble metal ions which adsorb at surface reaction sites. The metal ions are then reduced via chemical or electrical means. The nanostructures are exposed to a solution containing a salt of one or more noble metals which replace adsorbed non-noble surface metal atoms by galvanic displacement. The process can be controlled and repeated to obtain a desired film coverage. The resulting coated nanostructures may be used, for example, as high-performance electrodes in supercapacitors, batteries, or other electric storage devices.

Adzic, Radoslav; Harris, Alexander

2014-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

279

BWR In-Core Monitor Housing Replacement Under Dry Condition of Reactor Pressure Vessel  

SciTech Connect

A new method of In-Core Monitor Housing replacement has been successfully applied to Tokai Unit 2 (BWR with 1100 MWe) in April of 2001. It was designed to replace a housing under dry condition of reactor pressure vessel (RPV): this enabled the elimination of water filled-up and drained processes during the replacement procedure resulting in the reduction of implementation schedule. To realize the dry condition, the radiation shields were placed in the RPV and the hollow guide pipe (GP) was adopted to transfer the apparatuses from the top to the bottom work area. (authors)

Tatsuo Ishida; Shoji Yamamoto; Fujitoshi Eguchi [Japan Atomic Power Company (Japan); Motomasa Fuse; Kouichi Kurosawa; Sadato Shimizu; Minoru Masuda [Hitachi Ltd. (Japan); Shinya Fujii; Junji Tanaka [General Electric International Inc. (Japan); Jacobson, Bryce A. [General Electric Company (United States)

2002-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Liquid metal electric pump  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An electrical pump for pumping liquid metals to high pressures in high temperature environments without the use of magnets or moving mechanical parts. The pump employs a non-porous solid electrolyte membrane, typically ceramic, specific to the liquid metal to be pumped. A DC voltage is applied across the thickness of the membrane causing ions to form and enter the membrane on the electrically positive surface, with the ions being neutralized on the opposite surface. This action provides pumping of the liquid metal from one side of the non-porous solid electrolyte membrane to the other. 3 figs.

Abbin, J.P.; Andraka, C.E.; Lukens, L.L.; Moreno, J.B.

1992-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "metal halide replacing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Syntheses and Structures of Alkyl and Aryl Halide Complexes of the Type [(PiPr3)2PtH(?1-XR)]BArf and Analogues with Et2O, THF, and H2 Ligands. Halide-to-Metal ? Bonding in Halocarbon Complexes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Contribution from the Chemical Science and Technology Division, MS C346, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 ... Each band that could be identified was shifted slightly to lower energy relative to those found for free PhI dispersed in mineral oil. ... If a Pt?sulfinic acid species were stable at ?78 °C, we would expect it to be deprotonated by added base to reform starting material. ...

Matthew D. Butts; Brian L. Scott; Gregory J. Kubas

1996-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

282

Divalent metal nanoparticles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Metal nanoparticles hold promise for many scientific and technological applications, such as chemical and biological sensors, vehicles for drug delivery, and subdiffraction limit waveguides. To fabricate such devices, a ...

DeVries, Gretchen Anne

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Nitrided Metallic Bipolar Plates  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

to meet 5000 h automotive durability goal at cost < 5kW Year 1 Goals: Single-cell fuel cell test performance for 25 cm 2 stamped and nitrided metallic bipolar plates...

284

Metal stocks and sustainability  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...dissipated through corrosion and wear, and some enters waste repositories...landfills. Dissipation from wear and corrosion is generally small...dispersion of metals from wear and corrosion is an important...transportation (railroad, marine, aircraft, and aerospace equipment...

R. B. Gordon; M. Bertram; T. E. Graedel

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Oligocyclopentadienyl transition metal complexes  

SciTech Connect

Synthesis, characterization, and reactivity studies of oligocyclopentadienyl transition metal complexes, namely those of fulvalene, tercyclopentadienyl, quatercyclopentadienyl, and pentacyclopentadienyl(cyclopentadienyl) are the subject of this account. Thermal-, photo-, and redox chemistries of homo- and heteropolynuclear complexes are described.

de Azevedo, Cristina G.; Vollhardt, K. Peter C.

2002-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

286

Excitons in Metals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It is shown that exciton states exist in metals, occurring near the interband threshold in optical absorption and substantially altering the shape and strength of the absorption edge. Their relation to the corresponding donor states is discussed.

G. D. Mahan

1967-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

287

Application of a PDMS microstencil as a replaceable insulator toward a single-use planar microelectrode array  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Here we present a novel idea for a replaceable insulator, and thus advance toward the goal of a single-use planar microelectrode array (MEA) for the study of electrogenic tissues. The concept of a replaceable ...

Yoonkey Nam; Katherine Musick; Bruce C. Wheeler

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Ligand placement based on prior structures: the guided ligand-replacement method  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A new module, Guided Ligand Replacement (GLR), has been developed in Phenix to increase the ease and success rate of ligand placement when prior protein-ligand complexes are available.

Klei, H.E.

2013-12-25T23:59:59.000Z

289

The welfare gain from replacing the health insurance tax exclusion with lump-sum tax credits  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper analyzes the welfare gain from replacing the tax exclusion of employer-provided health insurance with a lump-sum tax credit. It differs from earlier studies in that ... look at the welfare cost of heal...

Liqun Liu; Andrew J. Rettenmaier…

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Functions and Requirements and Specifications for Replacement of the Computer Automated Surveillance System (CASS)  

SciTech Connect

This functions, requirements and specifications document defines the baseline requirements and criteria for the design, purchase, fabrication, construction, installation, and operation of the system to replace the Computer Automated Surveillance System (CASS) alarm monitoring.

SCAIEF, C.C.

1999-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

291

Lithium metal reduction of plutonium oxide to produce plutonium metal  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method is described for the chemical reduction of plutonium oxides to plutonium metal by the use of pure lithium metal. Lithium metal is used to reduce plutonium oxide to alpha plutonium metal (alpha-Pu). The lithium oxide by-product is reclaimed by sublimation and converted to the chloride salt, and after electrolysis, is removed as lithium metal. Zinc may be used as a solvent metal to improve thermodynamics of the reduction reaction at lower temperatures. Lithium metal reduction enables plutonium oxide reduction without the production of huge quantities of CaO--CaCl.sub.2 residues normally produced in conventional direct oxide reduction processes.

Coops, Melvin S. (Livermore, CA)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Metallic glass composition  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A metallic glass alloy that is either iron-based or nickel-based or based on a mixture of iron and nickel, containing lesser amounts of elements selected from the group boron, silicon carbon and phosphorous to which is added an amount of a ductility enhancing element selected from the group cerium, lanthanum, praseodymium and neodymium sufficient to increase ductility of the metallic glass upon annealing.

Kroeger, Donald M. (Knoxville, TN); Koch, Carl C. (Raleigh, NC)

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Molten metal reactors  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A molten metal reactor for converting a carbon material and steam into a gas comprising hydrogen, carbon monoxide, and carbon dioxide is disclosed. The reactor includes an interior crucible having a portion contained within an exterior crucible. The interior crucible includes an inlet and an outlet; the outlet leads to the exterior crucible and may comprise a diffuser. The exterior crucible may contain a molten alkaline metal compound. Contained between the exterior crucible and the interior crucible is at least one baffle.

Bingham, Dennis N; Klingler, Kerry M; Turner, Terry D; Wilding, Bruce M

2013-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

294

Functionalized Silicone Nanospheres: Synthesis, Transition Metal...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Functionalized Silicone Nanospheres: Synthesis, Transition Metal Immobilization, and Catalytic Applications. Functionalized Silicone Nanospheres: Synthesis, Transition Metal...

295

Final Environmental Assessment for the Y-12 Steam Plant Life Extenstion Project - Steam Plant Replacement Subproject  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

93 93 Final Environmental Assessment for the Y-12 Steam Plant Life Extension Project - Steam Plant Replacement Subproject U.S. Department of Energy National Nuclear Security Administration August 2007 Final Y-12 Steam Plant Life Extension Project - Steam Plant Replacement Subproject - August 2007 i TABLE OF CONTENTS List of Acronyms and Abbreviations............................................................................................. vi Chemicals and Units of Measure ................................................................................................. ix Conversion Chart ......................................................................................................................... xi Metric Prefixes .............................................................................................................................xii

296

Better Buildings Alliance, adidas Case Study: adidas Saves Energy and Costs with Planned RTU Replacement Program (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

Case study describing how adidas implemented a best practice of a planned replacement program for its RTUs.

Not Available

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Abstract--Replacing open-heart surgical procedures with beating-heart interventions substantially decreases the trauma  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract-- Replacing open-heart surgical procedures with beating-heart interventions substantially on the beating heart is valve repair. To address this need, this paper proposes a tool for replacing mitral valve replacement and reduction of regurgitation was demonstrated in an ex-vivo heart simulator. I. INTRODUCTION UE

Dupont, Pierre

298

PCR markers for Triticum speltoides leaf rust resistance gene Lr51 and their use to develop isogenic hard red spring wheat lines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

greenhouse set at 18 to 21?C with supplemen- tal metal halide lighting.greenhouse set at 18 to 21?C with 8 h of metal halide supplemental lighting

Helguera, M; Vanzetti, L; Soria, M; Khan, I A; Kolmer, J; Dubcovsky, Jorge

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

North Carolina Playing Fields Score Brighter Lights | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Playing Fields Score Brighter Lights Playing Fields Score Brighter Lights North Carolina Playing Fields Score Brighter Lights July 19, 2010 - 2:00pm Addthis Energy efficient metal halide lighting is replacing the outdated lighting system at Mecklenburg Park. | Photo courtesy of Michael Jaycocks Energy efficient metal halide lighting is replacing the outdated lighting system at Mecklenburg Park. | Photo courtesy of Michael Jaycocks Nearly 600 games are played on four athletic fields as North Mecklenburg Park, one of the largest parks in Huntersville, N.C. Busy as it is with 277,000 annual visitors, the park had a major problem: The 20-year-old field lighting system was not only inefficient but also increasingly unsafe for recreational softball leagues, high school teams and the public. "Staff would have to turn lights on early for games and practices to be

300

Liquid metal thermal electric converter  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A liquid metal thermal electric converter which converts heat energy to electrical energy. The design of the liquid metal thermal electric converter incorporates a unique configuration which directs the metal fluid pressure to the outside of the tube which results in the structural loads in the tube to be compressive. A liquid metal thermal electric converter refluxing boiler with series connection of tubes and a multiple cell liquid metal thermal electric converter are also provided.

Abbin, Joseph P. (Albuquerque, NM); Andraka, Charles E. (Albuquerque, NM); Lukens, Laurance L. (Albuquerque, NM); Moreno, James B. (Albuquerque, NM)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "metal halide replacing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Lithium inclusion in indium metal-organic frameworks showing increased surface area and hydrogen adsorption  

SciTech Connect

Investigation of counterion exchange in two anionic In-Metal-Organic Frameworks (In-MOFs) showed that partial replacement of disordered ammonium cations was achieved through the pre-synthetic addition of LiOH to the reaction mixture. This resulted in a surface area increase of over 1600% in (Li [In(1,3 ? BDC){sub 2}]){sub n} and enhancement of the H{sub 2} uptake of approximately 275% at 80?000 Pa at 77 K. This method resulted in frameworks with permanent lithium content after repeated solvent exchange as confirmed by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. Lithium counterion replacement appears to increase porosity after activation through replacement of bulkier, softer counterions and demonstrates tuning of pore size and properties in MOFs.

Bosch, Mathieu; Zhang, Muwei; Feng, Dawei; Yuan, Shuai; Wang, Xuan [Department of Chemistry, Texas A and M University, College Station, Texas 77842 (United States); Chen, Ying-Pin [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Texas A and M University, College Station, Texas 77842 (United States); Zhou, Hong-Cai, E-mail: zhou@mail.chem.tamu.edu [Department of Chemistry, Texas A and M University, College Station, Texas 77842 (United States); Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Texas A and M University, College Station, Texas 77842 (United States)

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

High-Temperature Zirconia Oxygen Sensor with Sealed Metal/Metal...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

High-Temperature Zirconia Oxygen Sensor with Sealed MetalMetal Oxide Internal Reference High-Temperature Zirconia Oxygen Sensor with Sealed MetalMetal Oxide Internal Reference...

303

10 CFR 830 Major Modification Determination for Emergency Firewater Injection System Replacement  

SciTech Connect

The continued safe and reliable operation of the ATR is critical to the Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Nuclear Energy (NE) mission. While ATR is safely fulfilling current mission requirements, a variety of aging and obsolescence issues challenge ATR engineering and maintenance personnel’s capability to sustain ATR over the long term. First documented in a series of independent assessments, beginning with an OA Environmental Safety and Health Assessment conducted in 2003, the issues were validated in a detailed Material Condition Assessment (MCA) conducted as a part of the ATR Life Extension Program in 2007.Accordingly, near term replacement of aging and obsolescent original ATR equipment has become important to ensure ATR capability in support of NE’s long term national missions. To that end, a mission needs statement has been prepared for a non-major system acquisition which is comprised of three interdependent sub-projects. The first project will replace the existent diesel-electrical bus (E-3), switchgear, and the fifty year old antiquated marine diesels with commercial power that is backed with safety-related emergency diesel generators (EDGs), switchgear, and uninterruptible power supply. The second project will replace the four, obsolete, original primary coolant pumps and motors. The third project, the subject of this major modification determination, will replace the current emergency firewater injection system (EFIS). The replacement water injection system will function as the primary emergency water injection system with the EFIS being retained as a defense-in-depth backup. Completion of this and the two other age-related projects (replacement of the ATR diesel bus (E-3) and switchgear and replacement of the existent aged primary coolant pumps and motors) will resolve major age-related operational issues plus make a significant contribution in sustaining the ATR safety and reliability profile. The major modification criteria evaluation of the project pre-conceptual design identified several issues that lead to the conclusion that the project is a major modification.

Noel Duckwitz

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

High-temperature corrosion of metallic alloys in an oxidizing atmosphere containing NaCl  

SciTech Connect

A particular heat-exchanger application involved metallic alloys exposed to flue gases of an aluminum remelt furnace. Because the flue gases might contain NaCl and other halides, the corrosion behavior of the alloys was to be investigated. Planned direct exposure of candidate alloys to the flue gases, however, was not conducted because of premature termination of the project. Complementary laboratory testing was conducted on seven commercially available alloys and two nickel aluminides. These materials were exposed to an oxidizing atmosphere containing 0.06 wt % NaCl for 1100 h at 1000/degree/C. Most of the alloy exhibited grain-boundary attack, which resulted in complete oxidation of enveloped grains. The alloys Incoloy MA-956, Incoloy 800, Inconel 625, Inconel 601, Hastelloy X, Haynes 188, and nickel aluminide IC-50 were substantially more corroded than Alloy 214 and nickel aluminide IC-221. The latter two alloys, therefore, would probably be superior to the others in application involving flue gases containing NaCl. Strength fabricability, and weldability, which are briefly discussed, would also affect selection of materials. 8 refs., 12 figs., 5 tabs.

Federer, J.I.

1989-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Fluorination of the cyanogen halides  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

silver has a coordination number of 12 two, one might speculate that a coordination compound la formed with a silver fluoride on both ends of the cyanogen todlde molecule. This arrangement would satisfy one silver with a fluoride and a cyanide... copper caps which were sliver soldered ln place. Copper tubing entrance and exit tubes were silver soldered to the top of the pot. The pipe union formed a leak proof system which could be assembled with reactants, and disassembled after reaction...

Ward, Raymond Anthony

1960-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Transition-Metal Hydrides  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Transition-Metal Hydride Electrochromics Transition-Metal Hydride Electrochromics A new type of electrochromic hydride material has interesting and unusual properties. Thin Ni-Mg films, for example, are mirror-like in appearance and have very low visible transmittance. On exposure to hydrogen gas or on reduction in alkaline electrolyte, the films become transparent. The transition is believed to result from formation of nickel magnesium hydride, Mg2NiH4. Switchable mirrors based on rare earth hydrides were discovered in 1996 at Vrije University in the Netherlands, Rare earth-magnesium alloy films were subsequently found to be superior to the pure lanthanides in maximum transparency and mirror-state reflectivity by Philips Laboratories. The newer transition-metal types which use less expensive and less reactive materials were discovered at LBNL. This has now become a very active area of study with a network of researchers.

307

Hard metal composition  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A composition of matter having a Rockwell A hardness of at least 85 is formed from a precursor mixture comprising between 3 and 10 wt % boron carbide and the remainder a metal mixture comprising from 70 to 90% tungsten or molybdenum, with the remainder of the metal mixture comprising nickel and iron or a mixture thereof. The composition has a relatively low density of between 7 and 14 g/cc. The precursor is preferably hot pressed to yield a composition having greater than 100% of theoretical density.

Sheinberg, H.

1983-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

308

Hard metal composition  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A composition of matter having a Rockwell A hardness of at least 85 is formed from a precursor mixture comprising between 3 and 10 weight percent boron carbide and the remainder a metal mixture comprising from 70 to 90 percent tungsten or molybdenum, with the remainder of the metal mixture comprising nickel and iron or a mixture thereof. The composition has a relatively low density of between 7 to 14 g/cc. The precursor is preferably hot pressed to yield a composition having greater than 100% of theoretical density.

Sheinberg, Haskell (Los Alamos, NM)

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Catalysis Without Precious Metals  

SciTech Connect

Written for chemists in industry and academia, this ready reference and handbook summarizes recent progress in the development of new catalysts that do not require precious metals. The research thus presented points the way to how new catalysts may ultimately supplant the use of precious metals in some types of reactions, while highlighting the remaining challenges. This material is based upon work supported as part of the Center for Molecular Electrocatalysis, an Energy Frontier Research Center funded by the US Department of Energy, Office of Science, Office of Basic Energy Sciences.

Bullock, R. Morris

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Metal alloy identifier  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

To identify the composition of a metal alloy, sparks generated from the alloy are optically observed and spectrographically analyzed. The spectrographic data, in the form of a full-spectrum plot of intensity versus wavelength, provide the "signature" of the metal alloy. This signature can be compared with similar plots for alloys of known composition to establish the unknown composition by a positive match with a known alloy. An alternative method is to form intensity ratios for pairs of predetermined wavelengths within the observed spectrum and to then compare the values of such ratios with similar values for known alloy compositions, thereby to positively identify the unknown alloy composition.

Riley, William D. (Avondale, MD); Brown, Jr., Robert D. (Avondale, MD)

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Two dimensional metallic photonic crystals for light trapping and anti-reflective coatings in thermophotovoltaic applications  

SciTech Connect

We report the development of a front-side contact design for thermophotovoltaics that utilizes metallic photonic crystals (PhCs). While this front-side grid replacement covers more surface area of the semiconductor, a higher percentage of photons is shown to be converted to usable power in the photodiode. This leads to a 30% increase in the short-circuit current of the gallium antimonide thermophotovoltaic cell.

Shemelya, Corey; DeMeo, Dante F.; Vandervelde, Thomas E. [The Renewable Energy and Applied Photonics Laboratories, Electrical and Computer Engineering, Tufts University, Medford, Massachusetts 02155 (United States)

2014-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

312

Wick for metal vapor laser  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improved wick for a metal vapor laser is made of a refractory metal cylinder, preferably molybdenum or tungsten for a copper laser, which provides the wicking surface. Alternately, the inside surface of the ceramic laser tube can be metalized to form the wicking surface. Capillary action is enhanced by using wire screen, porous foam metal, or grooved surfaces. Graphite or carbon, in the form of chunks, strips, fibers or particles, is placed on the inside surface of the wick to reduce water, reduce metal oxides and form metal carbides.

Duncan, David B. (Livermore, CA)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Cross-Couplings of Unactivated Secondary Alkyl Halides: Room-Temperature Nickel-Catalyzed Negishi Reactions of Alkyl Bromides and Iodides  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-carbon bonds.1 To date, most studies of these processes have focused on forming Csp2-Csp2 (particularly biaryl-coupling catalysts for generating Csp3-Csp3 bonds.2 The availability of general methods for building the latter set to constructing Csp3-Csp3 bonds via metal- catalyzed cross-couplings of alkyl electrophiles with alkylmetals

Fu, Gregory C.

314

Enhanced Performance in Fluorene-Free Organometal Halide Perovskite Light Emitting Diodes using Tunable, Low Electron-Affinity Oxide Electron-Injectors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(N,N-di-p-methoxyphenylamine)-9,9’-spiro-bifluorene (spiro-OMeTAD)[17] or F8, thus finding new electrode materials that overcome these limitations is essential for the commercial application of perovskite optoelectronics. Stable metal oxide electrodes, such as Zn...

Hoye, Robert L. Z.; Chua, Matthew R.; Musselman, Kevin P.; Li, Guangru; Lai, May-Ling; Tan, Zhi-Kuang; Greenham, Neil C.; MacManus-Driscoll, Judith L.; Friend, Richard H.; Credgington, Dan

2015-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

315

Thermal conductance of metal-metal interfaces  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The thermal conductance of interfaces between Al and Cu is measured in the temperature range 78metal-dielectric interfaces. The magnitude and the linear temperature dependence of the conductance are described well by a diffuse-mismatch model for electron transport at interfaces.

Bryan C. Gundrum; David G. Cahill; Robert S. Averback

2005-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

316

Microsoft Word - CX Mid Way - Grand View Wood Pole Replacement-KEP.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

27, 2010 27, 2010 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEP-4 SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Terry Kugler Lineman Foreman III - TFWF/Schultz Proposed Action: Replacing 11 wood pole structures on the Midway - Grandview transmission line and 12 wood pole structures on the Grandview - Red Mountain transmission line. PP&A Project No.: 1522 Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): * B1.3 Routine maintenance activities for structures, rights-of-way, infrastructures (such as roads), are required to maintain infrastructures in a condition suitable for a facility to be used for its designed purpose. Routine maintenance may result in replacement to the extent that replacement is in kind and is not a substantial upgrade or improvement. In kind

317

NREL: Biomass Research - Marine Corps Taps NREL to Help Replace Aging Steam  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Marine Corps Taps NREL to Help Replace Aging Steam Plant with Efficient Marine Corps Taps NREL to Help Replace Aging Steam Plant with Efficient Biomass Cogeneration January 30, 2013 The 1940s central steam plant at the Marine Corps Recruiting Depot (MCRD) on Parris Island, seven miles south of Beaufort, South Carolina, has far exceeded its projected life and is no longer cost-effective to operate. MCRD staff tasked NREL to help replace this artifact with an efficient biomass cogeneration facility. NREL will assess needs and help develop a request for proposal for designing and constructing the new facility. After the initial site review, the NREL assessment team will: Verify existing resources and biomass costs Optimize facility size and location Model the entire system and generate a process flow diagram Estimate costs and create an economic evaluation

318

Study: Algae Could Replace 17% of U.S. Oil Imports | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Study: Algae Could Replace 17% of U.S. Oil Imports Study: Algae Could Replace 17% of U.S. Oil Imports Study: Algae Could Replace 17% of U.S. Oil Imports April 13, 2011 - 6:30pm Addthis Algae samples back at the NREL lab, ready to be analyzed and run through the Fluorescent-Activated Cell Sorter, or FACS, which separates the cells. | Credit: NREL Staff Photographer Dennis Schroeder. Algae samples back at the NREL lab, ready to be analyzed and run through the Fluorescent-Activated Cell Sorter, or FACS, which separates the cells. | Credit: NREL Staff Photographer Dennis Schroeder. Niketa Kumar Niketa Kumar Public Affairs Specialist, Office of Public Affairs Every day, the United States spends about $1 billion to import foreign oil, money that we could be investing in American energy and the American economy. President Obama recently announced an ambitious but achievable

319

Microsoft Word - CX-FY10_Bingen_UFLS_Relay_Replacement_WEB.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Cleareance Memorandum Cleareance Memorandum Cherilyn C. Randall Electrical Engineer - TPC-TPP-4 Proposed Action: Replace under frequency load shedding (UFLS) relay at Klickitat County PUD's No. 1 (KPUD) Bingen Substation PP&A Project No: 1720 Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B1.3 Routine maintenance activities...for structures, rights-of-way, infrastructures such as roads, equipment... routine maintenance activities, corrective....are required to maintain...infrastructures...in a condition suitable for a facility to be used for its designed purpose... replace outmoded components. Location: Bingen, Washington. Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) Description of the Proposed Action: BPA proposes to replace an outdated and obsolete UFLS

320

The How's and Why's of Replacing the Whole Barrel | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

The How's and Why's of Replacing the Whole Barrel The How's and Why's of Replacing the Whole Barrel The How's and Why's of Replacing the Whole Barrel October 19, 2011 - 4:09pm Addthis A 42-U.S. gallon barrel of crude oil yields about 45 gallons of petroleum products. Source: Energy Information Administration, “Oil: Crude Oil and Petroleum Products Explained” and Annual Energy Outlook 2009 (Updated February 2010). A 42-U.S. gallon barrel of crude oil yields about 45 gallons of petroleum products. Source: Energy Information Administration, "Oil: Crude Oil and Petroleum Products Explained" and Annual Energy Outlook 2009 (Updated February 2010). Paul Bryan Biomass Program Manager, Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy For many, a barrel of oil is almost synonymous with its most prominent

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "metal halide replacing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

NREL: Technology Transfer - Marine Corps Taps NREL to Help Replace Aging  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Marine Corps Taps NREL to Help Replace Aging Steam Plant with Efficient Marine Corps Taps NREL to Help Replace Aging Steam Plant with Efficient Biomass Cogeneration January 30, 2013 The 1940s central steam plant at the Marine Corps Recruiting Depot (MCRD) on Parris Island, seven miles south of Beaufort, South Carolina, has far exceeded its projected life and is no longer cost-effective to operate. MCRD staff tasked NREL to help replace this artifact with an efficient biomass cogeneration facility. NREL will assess needs and help develop a request for proposal for designing and constructing the new facility. After the initial site review, the NREL assessment team will: Verify existing resources and biomass costs Optimize facility size and location Model the entire system and generate a process flow diagram Estimate costs and create an economic evaluation

322

NREL: Technology Deployment - Marine Corps Taps NREL to Help Replace Aging  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Marine Corps Taps NREL to Help Replace Aging Steam Plant with Efficient Marine Corps Taps NREL to Help Replace Aging Steam Plant with Efficient Biomass Cogeneration January 30, 2013 The 1940s central steam plant at the Marine Corps Recruiting Depot (MCRD) on Parris Island, seven miles south of Beaufort, South Carolina, has far exceeded its projected life and is no longer cost-effective to operate. MCRD staff tasked NREL to help replace this artifact with an efficient biomass cogeneration facility. NREL will assess needs and help develop a request for proposal for designing and constructing the new facility. After the initial site review, the NREL assessment team will: Verify existing resources and biomass costs Optimize facility size and location Model the entire system and generate a process flow diagram Estimate costs and create an economic evaluation

323

Dry Pipe Sprinkler Piping Replacement Project (4588), 4/30/2012  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Pipe System Sprinkler Piping Replacement Projects (4588) Pipe System Sprinkler Piping Replacement Projects (4588) Program or Field Office: Y-12 Site Office Location(s) (City/County/State): Oak Ridge, Anderson County, Tennessee Proposed Action Description: Submit by E-mail The proposed action is to replace sections of dry pipe system sprinkler piping which include heads, hangers, fittings, and valves. Categorical Exclusion(s) Applied: 81.3- Routine maintenance For the complete DOE National Environmental Policy Act regulations regarding categorical exclusions, including the full text of each categorical exclusion, see Subpart D of I 0 CFR Part I 021. Regulatory Requirements in 10 CFR 1021.410(b): (See full text in regulation) [{Jrhe proposal fits within a class of actions that is listed in Appendix A orB to 10 CFR Part 1021, Subpart D.

324

Moving to Metal  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It is possible to 3D print in metal starting with a powder that...sintered...) by a laser or glued with a binder. As of this writing, this remains a very expensive process, and these are not desktop consumer prin...

Joan Horvath

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Mathematics in metal  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...sculptures begin as a piece of computer code that dictates how the metal-printed parts fit together. She’s been using 3D printing for 15 years to forge her work and says the recent surge in popularity of the technology has opened up a few new opportunities...

Stephen Ornes

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Serpentine metal gasket  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A metallic seal or gasket for use in the joining of cryogenic fluid conduits, the seal or gasket having a generally planar and serpentine periphery defining a central aperture. According to a preferred embodiment, the periphery has at least two opposing elongated serpentine sides and two opposing arcuate ends joining the opposing elongated serpentine sides and is of a hexagonal cross-section.

Rothgeb, Timothy Moore (Norfolk, VA); Reece, Charles Edwin (Yorktown, VA)

2009-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

327

Metal stocks and sustainability  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...1–4). Unlike oil, which is irremediably...relative scarcity (or price) of the material substituted...interior wiring; plumbing, heating, and architectural uses; and...defined in terms of current prices and costs of production; this...cost-effective at current metal prices. Because the real price of copper has remained...

R. B. Gordon; M. Bertram; T. E. Graedel

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Pile on the metal  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Discovering superconductivity above room temperature is a dream for modern science and technology. Now, theorists propose that for certain types of superconductors, contact with a metal layer could greatly increase the transition temperatures of these materials—in some cases by as much as an order of magnitude.

Dung-Hai Lee

2008-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

329

Photomagnetism of metals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A photoinduced magnetic moment has been observed in Cu and Al samples exposed to unpolarized visible light at low temperatures. It is shown that the light refected from a metal surface transfers some of its quasimomentum to conduction electrons. This mechanism creates surface currents which, for an appropriate geometry, bring about the photomagnetic effect.

V. L. Gurevich; R. Laiho; A. V. Lashkul

1992-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

330

Lithium Metal Anodes for Rechargeable Batteries. | EMSL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Metal Anodes for Rechargeable Batteries. Lithium Metal Anodes for Rechargeable Batteries. Abstract: Rechargeable lithium metal batteries have much higher energy density than those...

331

Extensive Interstitial Solid Solutions of Metals in Metals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A new type of metallic solid solution has been prepared in which <~12.5 at.% of comparatively small metal atoms (Cu) fill interstitial sites in a host metal composed of larger atoms (Y). At higher solute concentrations, both interstitial and substitutional sites are occupied. These solid solutions are metastable; they were formed by ultrarapid quenching from the liquid.

B. C. Giessen; R. Ray; S. H. Hahn

1971-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Mineral replacement rate of olivine by chrysotile and brucite under high alkaline conditions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Olivine mineral replacement by serpentine is one major alteration reaction of oceanic hydrothermalism. In the present experimental study, olivine grains were replaced by chrysotile and brucite under high alkaline conditions. In our study, olivine replacement implied a spatial and temporal coupling of dissolution and precipitation reactions at the interface between olivine and chrysotile–brucite minerals. Coupled dissolution–precipitation led to the alteration of starting olivine grains (so-called primary or parent mineral) to a porous mineral assemblage of chrysotile and brucite with preservation of the initial olivine morphology. This mineral replacement reaction of olivine (serpentinization) has been characterized using XRD, FESEM and FTIR measurements. Moreover, a simple and novel method is here proposed to quantify the mineral replacement rate (or serpentinization rate) of olivine using thermogravimetric (TG) and differential TG (DTG) analyses. Serpentinization extent depends on the grain size: it is complete after 30 days of reaction for the smallest olivine grains (<30 ?m), after 90 days of reaction for the intermediate olivine grains (30 ?m–56 ?m). For the largest fraction (56–150 ?m), 55% of serpentinization extent was reached after 90 days. Based on the fitting of the serpentinization extent (?t) versus time (t) using a kinetic pseudo-second-order model, the serpentinization rates vary from 3.6×10?6 s?1 to 1.4×10?7 s?1 depending on the olivine grain size. An additional correlation between FTIR spectra analysis and TG measurements is proposed. The mineral replacement reactions frequently observed in natural alteration processes could be a powerful synthesis route to design new porous and/or nanostructured materials.

Romain Lafay; German Montes-Hernandez; Emilie Janots; Rodica Chiriac; Nathaniel Findling; Francois Toche

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Environmental Assessment for the Replacement Source of Steam for A Area at the Savannah River Site  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

8 8 OCTOBER 2006 U. S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY SAVANNAH RIVER OPERATIONS OFFICE SAVANNAH RIVER SITE ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT FOR THE REPLACEMENT SOURCE OF STEAM FOR A AREA AT THE SAVANNAH RIVER SITE DOE/EA-1568 ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT FOR THE REPLACEMENT SOURCE OF STEAM FOR A AREA AT THE SAVANNAH RIVER SITE OCTOBER 2006 U. S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY SAVANNAH RIVER OPERATIONS OFFICE SAVANNAH RIVER SITE ii TABLE OF CONTENTS Page 1.0 INTRODUCTION ...............................................................................................1 1.1 Background ..............................................................................................1 1.2 Purpose and Need for Proposed Action.....................................................1 2.0 PROPOSED ACTION AND ALTERNATIVES

334

The Radioactive Liquid Waste Treatment Facility Replacement Project at Los Alamos National Laboratory  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Radioactive Liquid Waste Radioactive Liquid Waste Treatment Facility Replacement Project at Los Alamos National Laboratory OAS-L-13-15 September 2013 Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 September 26, 2013 MEMORANDUM FOR THE ASSOCIATE ADMINISTRATOR FOR ACQUISITION AND PROJECT MANAGEMENT MANAGER LOS ALAMOS FIELD OFFICE FROM: David Sedillo Western Audits Division Office of Inspector General SUBJECT: INFORMATION: Audit Report on "The Radioactive Liquid Waste Treatment Facility Replacement Project at Los Alamos National Laboratory" BACKGROUND The Department of Energy's Los Alamos National Laboratory (Los Alamos) is a Government- owned, contractor operated Laboratory that is part of the National Nuclear Security Administration's (NNSA) nuclear weapons complex. Los Alamos' primary responsibility is to

335

Innovative Approach to Chiller Replacement at Lafayette General Medical Center Located in Lafayette, Louisiana  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

+ Generator. This ECM is basically the same as ECM $7, except that in lieu of the new 500 ton enginedriven chiller, replacement would be 1 absorption chiller supplied with waste heat from a generator. $2.030.560 Project Budget $235,13 1 Annual Savings... + Generator. This ECM is basically the same as ECM $7, except that in lieu of the new 500 ton enginedriven chiller, replacement would be 1 absorption chiller supplied with waste heat from a generator. $2.030.560 Project Budget $235,13 1 Annual Savings...

Poche', J. M.; Broussard, J. P.

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Purification of alkali metal nitrates  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process is disclosed for removing heavy metal contaminants from impure alkali metal nitrates containing them. The process comprises mixing the impure nitrates with sufficient water to form a concentrated aqueous solution of the impure nitrates, adjusting the pH of the resulting solution to within the range of between about 2 and about 7, adding sufficient reducing agent to react with heavy metal contaminants within said solution, adjusting the pH of the solution containing reducing agent to effect precipitation of heavy metal impurities and separating the solid impurities from the resulting purified aqueous solution of alkali metal nitrates. The resulting purified solution of alkali metal nitrates may be heated to evaporate water therefrom to produce purified molten alkali metal nitrate suitable for use as a heat transfer medium. If desired, the purified molten form may be granulated and cooled to form discrete solid particles of alkali metal nitrates.

Fiorucci, Louis C. (Hamden, CT); Gregory, Kevin M. (Woodridge, IL)

1985-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

337

Metal Aminoboranes - Energy Innovation Portal  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of the formula M(NH.sub.2BH.sub.3).sub.n have been synthesized. Metal aminoboranes are hydrogen storage materials. Metal aminoboranes are also precursors for synthesizing other...

338

Metal-Ion-Mediated Reactions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Metal-Ion-Mediated Reactions Metal-Ion-Mediated Reactions Metal-Ion-Mediated Reactions Print Monday, 19 December 2011 18:29 While mononuclear, polynuclear, and polymeric metal complexes are most often synthesized by the reaction of a metal precursor and a presynthesized organic ligand, it is also possible to generate the ligand in situ from an easily available organic compound. This approach allows the reactivity of the metal ion to activate a proligand, transforming it through an in situ reaction, sometimes providing coordination compounds with ligands not accessible by conventional organic synthesis. The intense interest in the reactivity of coordinated ligands is mainly due to the necessity of interpreting the mechanisms of homogeneous metal-catalyzed processes, in which a substrate is activated upon its coordination to one or more metal sites. A coordinated oxime group contains three active sites (C, N, O) for reactivity.

339

Upgrading platform using alkali metals  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process for removing sulfur, nitrogen or metals from an oil feedstock (such as heavy oil, bitumen, shale oil, etc.) The method involves reacting the oil feedstock with an alkali metal and a radical capping substance. The alkali metal reacts with the metal, sulfur or nitrogen content to form one or more inorganic products and the radical capping substance reacts with the carbon and hydrogen content to form a hydrocarbon phase. The inorganic products may then be separated out from the hydrocarbon phase.

Gordon, John Howard

2014-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

340
Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "metal halide replacing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Inert electrode containing metal oxides, copper and noble metal  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A cermet composite material is made by treating at an elevated temperature a mixture comprising a compound of iron and a compound of at least one other metal, together with an alloy or mixture of copper and a noble metal. The alloy or mixture preferably comprises particles having an interior portion containing more copper than noble metal and an exterior portion containing more noble metal than copper. The noble metal is preferably silver. The cermet composite material preferably includes alloy phase portions and a ceramic phase portion. At least part of the ceramic phase portion preferably has a spinel structure.

Ray, Siba P. (Murrysville, PA); Woods, Robert W. (New Kensington, PA); Dawless, Robert K. (Monroeville, PA); Hosler, Robert B. (Sarver, PA)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Inert electrode containing metal oxides, copper and noble metal  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A cermet composite material is made by treating at an elevated temperature a mixture comprising a compound of iron and a compound of at least one other metal, together with an alloy or mixture of copper and a noble metal. The alloy or mixture preferably comprises particles having an interior portion containing more copper than noble metal and an exterior portion containing more noble metal than copper. The noble metal is preferably silver. The cermet composite material preferably includes alloy phase portions and a ceramic phase portion. At least part of the ceramic phase portion preferably has a spinel structure.

Ray, Siba P. (Murrysville, PA); Woods, Robert W. (New Kensington, PA); Dawless, Robert K. (Monroeville, PA); Hosler, Robert B. (Sarver, PA)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Integrated decontamination process for metals  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An integrated process for decontamination of metals, particularly metals that are used in the nuclear energy industry contaminated with radioactive material. The process combines the processes of electrorefining and melt refining to purify metals that can be decontaminated using either electrorefining or melt refining processes.

Snyder, Thomas S. (Oakmont, PA); Whitlow, Graham A. (Murrysville, PA)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Metal-binding polymesr as chelating agents  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract Metal chelating polymers are functional polymers that bear specified chemical groups capable of selectively binding metals. Heavy metal contamination is considered a serious problem because these metals, even at ...

Mohammadi, Zahra

2011-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

345

Observation of Metal-insulator and Metal-Metal Transitions in Hydrogen Iodide under Pressure  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Hydrogen iodide has been studied up to pressures of 70 GPa at low temperatures in a diamondanvil cell. Electrical-conductivity and optical measurements have been used to observe pressure-induced phase transitions which are interpreted as follows: First a metal-insulator transition takes place in the molecular solid; with increased pressure a metal-metal molecular-to-atomic transition occurs. An additional transition due to intrinsic impurities has been observed. Implications for metallic hydrogen are discussed.

J. van Straaten and Isaac F. Silvera

1986-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

346

Journal of Biomechanics 38 (2005) 305314 Computational wear prediction of a total knee replacement  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Journal of Biomechanics 38 (2005) 305­314 Computational wear prediction of a total knee replacement from in vivo kinematics Benjamin J. Freglya,b,c, *, W. Gregory Sawyera , Melinda K. Harmand , Scott A 32611, USA b Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA c

Sawyer, Wallace

347

Modeling of residual service life of gas turbine rotors for minimizing replacement costs  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

One of the most catastrophic failures observed in gas turbine powered electrical powerplants is the fracture of the turbine rotor. A simplified model consisting of 3 macro-elements is suggested to model the dynamical behavior of the shaft with a propagating ... Keywords: crack propagation, gas-turbine, modeling, power-plant, replacement costs

Eusebia Zouridaki; Vasilios Spitas; Christos Spitas

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Mercury Replacement Program It is the policy of California State University, Fullerton to remove mercury containing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mercury Replacement Program I. Policy It is the policy of California State University, Fullerton to remove mercury containing devices throughout campus, insofar as is reasonably possible, and provide, the University has an obligation to safeguard employees from the potential health effects of mercury vapor while

de Lijser, Peter

349

The feasibility of replacing or upgrading utility distribution transformers during routine maintenance  

SciTech Connect

It is estimated that electric utilities use about 40 million distribution transformers in supplying electricity to customers in the United States. Although utility distribution transformers collectively have a high average efficiency, they account for approximately 61 billion kWh of the 229 billion kWh of energy lost annually in the delivery of electricity. Distribution transformers are being replaced over time by new, more efficient, lower-loss units during routine utility maintenance of power distribution systems. Maintenance is typically not performed on units in service. However, units removed from service with appreciable remaining life are often refurbished and returned to stock. Distribution transformers may be removed from service for many reasons, including failure, over- or underloading, or line upgrades such as voltage changes or rerouting. When distribution transformers are removed from service, a decision must be made whether to dispose of the transformer and purchase a lower-loss replacement or to refurbish the transformer and return it to stock for future use. This report contains findings and recommendations on replacing utility distribution transformers during routine maintenance, which is required by section 124(c) of the Energy Policy Act of 1992. The objectives of the study are to evaluate the practicability, cost-effectiveness, and potential energy savings of replacing or upgrading existing transformers during routine utility maintenance and to develop recommendations on was to achieve the potential energy savings.

Barnes, P.R.; Van Dyke, J.W.; McConnell, B.W.; Cohn, S.M.; Purucker, S.L.

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Exploring Aggregate Effect with Weighted Transcoding Graphs for Efficient Cache Replacement in Transcoding Proxies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Exploring Aggregate Effect with Weighted Transcoding Graphs for Efficient Cache Replacement University Taipei, Taiwan, ROC E-mail: {cychang@arbor.ee.ntu.edu.tw; mschen@cc.ee.ntu.edu.tw} Abstract This paper explores the aggregate effect when caching multiple versions of the same Web object

Chen, Ming-Syan

351

Toroidal field coil replacement study for the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER)  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this study is to develop an estimate of the time required to replace a failed toroidal field (TF) coil in the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER). This estimate is based on the current ITER design which resulted from the Conceptual Design Activities began in spring of 1988 and ending in December 1990. Although the TF Coils in ITER are designated permanent components and expected to last the life of the plant, the history of failures of large coils in fusion devices has prompted an assessment of the down time that might be required for replacement of a failed TF coil in ITER. The difficulty of replacement of a TF Coil in ITER is compounded by the large physical size of ITER, and the radiation fields which necessitate the use of remote handling equipment for most maintenance activities. Since 10 out of 16 TF coils are adjacent to either a Neutral Beam Injector (NBI) port or a remote handling (RH) port, it is probable that a failed TF Coil will be in one of these inconvenient locations. For this study, TF coil number 3 is assumed to fail and its replacement will be evaluated as a typical case. TF coil number 3 is located between a remote handling port ({number sign}3) and a port allocated to the lower hybrid ({number sign}4).

Not Available

1991-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Toroidal field coil replacement study for the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER)  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this study is to develop an estimate of the time required to replace a failed toroidal field (TF) coil in the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER). This estimate is based on the current ITER design which resulted from the Conceptual Design Activities began in spring of 1988 and ending in December 1990. Although the TF Coils in ITER are designated permanent components and expected to last the life of the plant, the history of failures of large coils in fusion devices has prompted an assessment of the down time that might be required for replacement of a failed TF coil in ITER. The difficulty of replacement of a TF Coil in ITER is compounded by the large physical size of ITER, and the radiation fields which necessitate the use of remote handling equipment for most maintenance activities. Since 10 out of 16 TF coils are adjacent to either a Neutral Beam Injector (NBI) port or a remote handling (RH) port, it is probable that a failed TF Coil will be in one of these inconvenient locations. For this study, TF coil number 3 is assumed to fail and its replacement will be evaluated as a typical case. TF coil number 3 is located between a remote handling port ({number_sign}3) and a port allocated to the lower hybrid ({number_sign}4).

Not Available

1991-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

TriopusNet: Automating Wireless Sensor Network Deployment and Replacement in Pipeline Monitoring  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

TriopusNet: Automating Wireless Sensor Network Deployment and Replacement in Pipeline Monitoring sensor net- work system for autonomous sensor deployment in pipeline monitoring. TriopusNet works by automatically releasing sensor nodes from a centralized repository located at the source of the water pipeline

Chu, Hao-hua

354

Bus Fleet Type and Age Replacement Optimization: A case study utilizing King County Metro fleet data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Bus Fleet Type and Age Replacement Optimization: A case study utilizing King County Metro fleet and a hybrid bus. Employing real-world bus fleet data from King County Metro (Washington State, USA) multiple multiple fleets of buses with different types of buses serving different routes. For example, King County

Bertini, Robert L.

355

GREEN LIVING Replace incandencent and halogen light bulbs with LED and CLFs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

GREEN LIVING GUIDE ENERGY TRAVEL FOOD sustain yosef WATER Replace incandencent and halogen light POWER STRIPS! for you electronics, and turn them off when not in use Adjust your thermostat UP IN SUMMER Bicycle Initiative http://boonebikeinitiative.org LEAVE YOUR CAR AT HOME - save $ on a parking pass

Thaxton, Christopher S.

356

Can electricity from the human body replace batteries? by Anne-Marie Bullock for BBC News  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Harnessing energy from the human body may only generate small amounts of electricity but scientists believeCan electricity from the human body replace batteries? by Anne-Marie Bullock for BBC News it has a wide range of potentially life-changing applications. Imagine clothes made with materials

South Bohemia, University of

357

Inorganic nitrogen availability after severe stand-replacing fire in the Greater  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Watershed Stewardship, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80526 This contribution is part) Understanding ecosystem processes as they relate to wildfire and vegetation dynamics is of growing importance of severe, stand-replacing wildfires are poorly understood. We studied inorganic nitrogen pools

Turner, Monica G.

358

EA-1994: Malheur Resource Area Jonesboro Diversion Dam Replacement Project, Malheur County, Oregon  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Bureau of Land Management, with the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) as a cooperating agency, prepared an EA that assesses the potential environmental impacts of the proposed authorization of a right of way to the Burns Paiute Tribe for replacement of an existing diversion dam and installation of a fish passage structure. BPA’s proposed action was to fund the project

359

The effects of adrenalectomy and corticosterone replacement on maternal memory in postpartum rats  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The effects of adrenalectomy and corticosterone replacement on maternal memory in postpartum rats M prime rats to behave maternally, although hormonal changes are not necessary for these behaviors with corticosterone or vehicle pellets being given to adrenalectomized rats. Pups were removed immediately following

Sokolowski, Marla

360

FLUIDIC: Metal Air Recharged  

SciTech Connect

Fluidic, with the help of ARPA-E funding, has developed and deployed the world's first proven high cycle life metal air battery. Metal air technology, often used in smaller scale devices like hearing aids, has the lowest cost per electron of any rechargeable battery storage in existence. Deploying these batteries for grid reliability is competitive with pumped hydro installations while having the advantages of a small footprint. Fluidic's battery technology allows utilities and other end users to store intermittent energy generated from solar and wind, as well as maintain reliable electrical delivery during power outages. The batteries are manufactured in the US and currently deployed to customers in emerging markets for cell tower reliability. As they continue to add customers, they've gained experience and real world data that will soon be leveraged for US grid reliability.

Friesen, Cody

2014-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "metal halide replacing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

FLUIDIC: Metal Air Recharged  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Fluidic, with the help of ARPA-E funding, has developed and deployed the world's first proven high cycle life metal air battery. Metal air technology, often used in smaller scale devices like hearing aids, has the lowest cost per electron of any rechargeable battery storage in existence. Deploying these batteries for grid reliability is competitive with pumped hydro installations while having the advantages of a small footprint. Fluidic's battery technology allows utilities and other end users to store intermittent energy generated from solar and wind, as well as maintain reliable electrical delivery during power outages. The batteries are manufactured in the US and currently deployed to customers in emerging markets for cell tower reliability. As they continue to add customers, they've gained experience and real world data that will soon be leveraged for US grid reliability.

Friesen, Cody

2014-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

362

Apoferritin Templated Synthesis of Metal Phosphate Nanoparticle...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Apoferritin Templated Synthesis of Metal Phosphate Nanoparticle Labels for Electrochemical Immunoassay. Apoferritin Templated Synthesis of Metal Phosphate Nanoparticle Labels for...

363

THE COORDINATION CHEMISTRY OF METAL SURFACES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

result 7 ' 30 u 31 in metal carbide cluster chemistry willin metal chemistry. Oxidation of the iron carbide cluster

Muetterties, Earl L.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Purification, crystallization, preliminary X-ray diffraction and molecular-replacement studies of great cormorant (Phalacrocorax carbo) haemoglobin  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The great cormorant hemoglobin has been isolated, purified and crystallized and the three dimensional structure is solved using molecular replacement technique.

Jagadeesan, G.

2014-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

365

Sleep Disruptions Mediate the Relationship Between Early Postoperative Pain and Later Functioning Following Total Knee Replacement Surgery  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Despite relatively standardized surgical procedures, patients undergoing total knee replacement (TKR) surgery differ dramatically in the speed of their recovery. Previous research has suggested a relationship ...

Julie K. Cremeans-Smith; Kendra Millington; Eve Sledjeski…

2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Hydrothermal alkali metal recovery process  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

In a coal gasification operation or similar conversion process carried out in the presence of an alkali metal-containing catalyst wherein solid particles containing alkali metal residues are produced, alkali metal constituents are recovered from the particles by treating them with a calcium or magnesium-containing compound in the presence of water at a temperature between about 250.degree. F. and about 700.degree. F. and in the presence of an added base to establish a pH during the treatment step that is higher than would otherwise be possible without the addition of the base. During the treating process the relatively high pH facilitates the conversion of water-insoluble alkali metal compounds in the alkali metal residues into water-soluble alkali metal constituents. The resultant aqueous solution containing water-soluble alkali metal constituents is then separated from the residue solids, which consist of the treated particles and any insoluble materials formed during the treatment step, and recycled to the gasification process where the alkali metal constituents serve as at least a portion of the alkali metal constituents which comprise the alkali metal-containing catalyst. Preferably, the base that is added during the treatment step is an alkali metal hydroxide obtained by water washing the residue solids produced during the treatment step.

Wolfs, Denise Y. (Houston, TX); Clavenna, Le Roy R. (Baytown, TX); Eakman, James M. (Houston, TX); Kalina, Theodore (Morris Plains, NJ)

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Coated metal fiber coalescing cell  

SciTech Connect

A cell is described for coalescing oil droplets dispersed in a water emulsion including an elongated perforated tube core into which the emulsion is injected, layers of oleophilic plastic covered metal mat wound about the core through which the emulsion is forced to pass, the fibers of the metal mat being covered by oleophilic plastic such as vinyl, acrylic, polypropylene, polyethylene, polyvinyl chloride, the metal being in the form of layers of expanded metal or metal fibers, either aluminum or stainless steel. In manufacturing the cell a helix wound wire is formed around the cylindrical plastic coated metal to retain it in place and resist pressure drop of fluid flowing through the metal fibers. In addition, the preferred arrangement includes the use of an outer sleeve formed of a mat of fibrous material such as polyester fibers, acrylic fibers, modacrylic fibers and mixtures thereof.

Rutz, W.D.; Swain, R.J.

1980-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

368

Water supply and sludge metals  

SciTech Connect

Ultimate sludge disposal is one of the major tasks facing wastewater treatment facilities today. Where adequate farmland exists in proximity to the treatment facility and where sludge characteristics are suitable, land application is often the most economical method. In some cases, however, metal concentrations in the sludge either limit the site life or the application rate to the point where land application is not economical. When metals are above regulatory limits, land application may become impossible. The origin of the metals has largely been credited to industrial users and stormwater runoff and have, in fact, often represented significant sources of metals. Another potentially significant source of metals that has been frequently overlooked is the water supply system (including the distribution and home piping systems). Data from some treatment facilities suggest that the water supply system is the major source of metals and is the reason that sewage sludge metal levels are above allowable land application limits.

Brown, W.E. (Wright-Pierce Engineers, Topsham, ME (USA))

1988-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Corrosion protective coating for metallic materials  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Corrosion protective coatings for metallic materials, particularly aluminum and aluminum alloys, produced with simple, low-cost equipment and materials other than toxic metals or metal salts, or metal cyanides. The metallic material is cleaned, degreased, and deoxidized, the surface is converted to a substantially alkaline condition, and the surface is chemically sealed with inorganic metal compounds.

Buchheit, Rudolph G. (Albuquerque, NM); Martinez, Michael A. (Albuquerque, NM)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Corrosion protective coating for metallic materials  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Corrosion protective coatings for metallic materials, particularly aluminum and aluminum alloys, produced with simple, low-cost equipment and materials other than toxic metals or metal salts, or metal cyanides is disclosed. The metallic material is cleaned, degreased, and deoxidized, the surface is converted to a substantially alkaline condition, and the surface is chemically sealed with inorganic metal compounds. 1 fig.

Buchheit, R.G.; Martinez, M.A.

1998-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

371

ITP Metal Casting: Implementation of Metal Casting Best Practices  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The project examined cases where metal casters had implemented ITP research results and detailed the benefits they received due to that implementation.

372

COMPUTER REPLACEMENT PROGRAM ELIGIBILITY: Faculty who are in good standing in their department are eligible to apply for a computer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

COMPUTER REPLACEMENT PROGRAM ELIGIBILITY: Faculty who are in good standing in their department are eligible to apply for a computer replacement up to $1,300. The funding will be approved only if the faculty member has not purchased a computer with start-up, research, FRAP or other funds (including Computer

Qian, Ning

373

The Effects of Metaphylaxis and Milk Replacer Additives on Health and Growth of Neonatal Holstein Bull Calves.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

), ceftiofur crystalline free acid (CEF), or saline (CON). All calves received a commercial milk replacer powder (25% CP, 20% fat), and within metaphylaxis treatment, were randomly assigned to receive milk replacer with: 1) 4 g/d for 7 d and then 2 g...

Holloway, Kenton S.

2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

374

International Recycling of LLW Metals  

SciTech Connect

Melting of radioactive scrap metal has been successfully practiced for more than 15 years, with approximately 60,000 tons of steel being processed into beneficial reuse applications. This process has converted radioactive scrap metal at a licensed facility into useful products such as shield blocks, security barriers and shield containers. These products are used within the nuclear industry, such as nuclear power plants, waste disposal facilities and high-energy physics research facilities. Recycling provides the following benefits by comparison with direct disposal: - Preserving metal resources. - Conserving valuable Low Level Waste (LLW) disposal site resources, thereby extending disposal site life. - Reducing the cost of metal products to end users by using materials less expensive than virgin metals. This paper outlines international metal recycling practices implemented at EnergySolutions' Bear Creek Facility in Oak Ridge, Tennessee. (authors)

Eshleman, T.; Jansen, J. [EnergySolutions (United States); Shinya, Sawada [KEK - High Energy Accelerator Research Organization (Japan)

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Metal to ceramic sealed joint  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A metal to ceramic sealed joint which can withstand wide variations in temperature and maintain a good seal is provided for use in a device adapted to withstand thermal cycling from about 20 to about 1000 degrees C. The sealed joint includes a metal member, a ceramic member having an end portion, and an active metal braze forming a joint to seal the metal member to the ceramic member. The joint is positioned remote from the end portion of the ceramic member to avoid stresses at the ends or edges of the ceramic member. The sealed joint is particularly suited for use to form sealed metal to ceramic joints in a thermoelectric generator such as a sodium heat engine where a solid ceramic electrolyte is joined to metal parts in the system.

Lasecki, John V. (Livonia, MI); Novak, Robert F. (Farmington Hills, MI); McBride, James R. (Ypsilanti, MI)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Metal to ceramic sealed joint  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A metal to ceramic sealed joint which can withstand wide variations in temperature and maintain a good seal is provided for use in a device adapted to withstand thermal cycling from about 20 to about 1000 degrees C. The sealed joint includes a metal member, a ceramic member having an end portion, and an active metal braze forming a joint to seal the metal member to the ceramic member. The joint is positioned remote from the end portion of the ceramic member to avoid stresses at the ends or edges of the ceramic member. The sealed joint is particularly suited for use to form sealed metal to ceramic joints in a thermoelectric generator such as a sodium heat engine where a solid ceramic electrolyte is joined to metal parts in the system. 11 figures.

Lasecki, J.V.; Novak, R.F.; McBride, J.R.

1991-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

377

ITP Metal Casting: A Vision for the U.S. Metal Casting Industry...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

mcvision.pdf More Documents & Publications ITP Metal Casting: Metalcasting Industry Technology Roadmap ITP Metal Casting: Implementation of Metal Casting Best Practices ITP...

378

Microsoft Word - CX-Hatwai-DworshakSpacerReplacementFY12_WEB.docx  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

September 24, 2012 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEP-4 SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Frank Weintraub Project Manager - TEP-TPP-1 Proposed Action: 2012 Spacer and Insulator Replacement Program; Hatwai-Dworshak No. 1 500-kilovolt (kV) Transmission Line Spacer Replacement Project Budget Information: Work Order #00255064 PP&A Project No.: PP&A 1899 Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B1.3, Routine maintenance Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) Location: The proposed Hatwai-Dworshak No. 1 500-kV transmission line project is located in Clearwater and Nez Perce counties, Idaho, in BPA's Spokane Operations and Maintenance District. Townships, Ranges, and Sections crossed by the proposed project are listed Table 1:

379

L-Prize Competition Winner 60W Incandescent Replacement Lamp Update  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Interagency Technology Deployment Working Group L Prize ® Competition Winner 60W Incandescent Replacement Lamp Update James E. Rannels, Senior Advisor L Prize Competition D&R International March 15, 2012 Cost of electricity 1 cent per kilowatt-hour The Washington Post, March 8, 2012 Page One 2 Cost of electricity 11 cents per kilowatt-hour The Washington Post, March 9, 2012 Page Two 3 What Is the L Prize? * Technology competition to spur innovation and exceptional performance * Created by Energy Independence and Security Act (EISA 2007) Sec. 655 * Two key lamp replacements: 60W Incandescent and PAR 38 Halogen * Future focus: 21 st Century Lamp * Cash prizes, federal purchasing, utility programs 4 Philips Wins First L Prize * August 3, 2011: Philips

380

Microsoft Word - CX-Monroe-Snohomish-ExpandedConductorReplacement_FY13_WEB.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

June 13, 2013 June 13, 2013 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEPR-Covington SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Frank Weintraub Mechanical Engineer - TEP-TPP-1 Proposed Action: Replacement of expanded conductor from Bonneville Power Administration's (BPA) Monroe Substation to structure 2/1 on the Monroe-Snohomish transmission line PP&A Project No.: 2682 Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B4.6 Additions/ modifications to transmission facilities Location: Snohomish County, Washingto.n, in BPA's Snohomish District Proposed by: BPA Description of the Proposed Action: BPA proposes to replace 2.5 inch expanded conductor from Monroe Substation to structure 2/1 on the Monroe-Snohomish 230-kilovolt transmission

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "metal halide replacing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Microsoft Word - CX-UnderwoodTapStructureReplacementFY13_WEB.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

KEP-Celilo SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Scott Williams Line Foreman III - TFDF-The Dalles Proposed Action: Structure replacement and access road maintenance on Bonneville Power Administration's (BPA) Underwood Tap transmission line PP&A Project No.: 2683 Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B4.6 Additions and modifications to transmission facilities Location: Skamania County, Washington Line Corridor Structures TRS County, State Underwood Tap 115-kV Line 26/12, 26/13 and 26/14 3N, 10E, Section 15 Skamania, Washington Proposed by: BPA Description of the Proposed Action: BPA proposes to replace deteriorating wood poles and associated structural/electrical components (e.g. cross arms, insulators, guy anchors, etc.) along the

382

Microsoft Word - CX_Maupin-TyghValley_PoleReplacement_FY12_WEB.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

, 2012 , 2012 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEP-4 SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Richard Heredia Supervisory Civil Engineer - TEP-TPP-1 Proposed Action: Maupin-Tygh Valley #1 Pole Replacement Project Budget Information: Work Order #00297894 PP&A Project No.: 2196 Categorical Exclusions Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B1.3, Routine maintenance Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) Location: Project activities would take place in Wasco County, Oregon, T04S R14E S20 Description of the Proposed Action: BPA proposes to replace one aged and unsound wood pole structure (structure 3/2) on the BPA Maupin-Tygh Valley #1 transmission line. The new structure would be placed in the same location and have the same appearance as the old

383

L-Prize Competition Winner 60W Incandescent Replacement Lamp Update  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Interagency Technology Deployment Working Group L Prize ® Competition Winner 60W Incandescent Replacement Lamp Update James E. Rannels, Senior Advisor L Prize Competition D&R International March 15, 2012 Cost of electricity 1 cent per kilowatt-hour The Washington Post, March 8, 2012 Page One 2 Cost of electricity 11 cents per kilowatt-hour The Washington Post, March 9, 2012 Page Two 3 What Is the L Prize? * Technology competition to spur innovation and exceptional performance * Created by Energy Independence and Security Act (EISA 2007) Sec. 655 * Two key lamp replacements: 60W Incandescent and PAR 38 Halogen * Future focus: 21 st Century Lamp * Cash prizes, federal purchasing, utility programs 4 Philips Wins First L Prize * August 3, 2011: Philips

384

Microsoft Word - CX-FY10_Ross-VanShip_Wood_Pole_Replacement_WEB.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Clearance Memorandum Clearance Memorandum Troy Dalrymple Lineman Foreman I - TFVK-LMT Proposed Action: Wood pole replacement of Ross-Vancouver Shipyard No. 1, Structure 2/3 in Fog Chamber Dump Area #2 PP&A Project No: 1721 Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B1.3 Routine maintenance activities...for structures, rights-of-way, infrastructures such as roads, equipment... routine maintenance activities, corrective....are required to maintain...infrastructures...in a condition suitable for a facility to be used for its designed purpose. Location: Ross Complex, Vancouver, WA. Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) Description of the Proposed Action: BPA proposes to replace deteriorating wood poles and associated structural/electrical components (e.g. cross arms, insulators, guy anchors) on

385

Compliant mechanism road bicycle brake: a rigid-body replacement case study  

SciTech Connect

The design of high-performance bicycle brakes is complicated by the competing design objectives of increased performance and low weight. But this challenge also provides a good case study to demonstrate the design of compliant mechanisms to replace current rigid-link mechanisms. This paper briefly reviews current road brake designs, demonstrates the use of rigid-body replacement synthesis to design a compliant mechanism, and illustrates the combination of compliant mechanism design tools. The resulting concept was generated from the modified dual-pivot brake design and is a partially compliant mechanism where one pin has the dual role of a joint and a mounting pin. The pseudo-rigid-body model, finite element analysis, and optimization algorithms are used to generate design dimensions, and designs are considered for both titanium and E-glass flexures. The resulting design has the potential of reducing the part count and overall weight while maintaining a performance similar to the benchmark.

Olsen, Brian M [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Howell, Larry L [NON LANL; Magleby, Spencer P [NON LANL

2011-01-19T23:59:59.000Z

386

Medical Progress: Risks of Testosterone-Replacement Therapy and Recommendations for Monitoring  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...profiles. Testosterone enanthate and testosterone cypionate are supplied as esterified oil-soluble preparations for injection. A typical dose is 100 mg per week, or 200 to 300 mg every two to three weeks. Peak serum levels occur 2 to 5 days after injection, and a return to base line is usually observed... Although some reports suggest that testosterone-replacement therapy may provide benefits for aging men, considerable controversy remains regarding indications for its use. Neither large-scale nor long-term studies have been initiated, in part because of theoretical concern regarding the risks associated with testosterone therapy, especially the possible stimulation of prostate cancer. This article discusses what is known (and not known) about the risks of testosterone-replacement therapy and provides recommendations for monitoring men who are receiving testosterone.

Rhoden E.L.; Morgentaler A.

2004-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

387

Microsoft Word - Grand Coulee Transmission Line Replacement Project Prelim EA.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Grand Coulee's Third Powerplant 500-kilovolt Transmission Line Replacement Project Preliminary Environmental Assessment May 2011 DOE/EA-1679 Agency Proposing Action. U.S. Bureau of Reclamation is the lead NEPA agency. The Bonneville Power Administration is assisting Reclamation through project design, environmental review and construction, if the Proposed Action is taken. Action. Reclamation is proposing to replace the six, 500- kV transmission lines of the Third Powerplant (TPP) at Grand Coulee Dam. The transmission lines are presently installed within the dam and a two-chambered tunnel that leads to a Spreader Yard about a mile away. Purpose and Need. The TPP's six generators and transmission lines are critical to the regional power supply.

388

Metal-ceramic joint assembly  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A metal-ceramic joint assembly in which a brazing alloy is situated between metallic and ceramic members. The metallic member is either an aluminum-containing stainless steel, a high chromium-content ferritic stainless steel or an iron nickel alloy with a corrosion protection coating. The brazing alloy, in turn, is either an Au-based or Ni-based alloy with a brazing temperature in the range of 9500 to 1200.degree. C.

Li, Jian (New Milford, CT)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Method for preparing porous metal hydride compacts  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for preparing porous metallic-matrix hydride compacts which can be repeatedly hydrided and dehydrided without disintegration. A mixture of a finely divided metal hydride and a finely divided matrix metal is contacted with a poison which prevents the metal hydride from dehydriding at room temperature and atmospheric pressure. The mixture of matrix metal and poisoned metal hydride is then compacted under pressure at room temperature to form porous metallic-matrix hydride compacts.

Ron, M.; Gruen, D.M.; Mendelsohn, M.H.; Sheft, I.

1980-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

390

Clean Metal Casting  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this project is to develop a technology for clean metal processing that is capable of consistently providing a metal cleanliness level that is fit for a given application. The program has five tasks: Development of melt cleanliness assessment technology, development of melt contamination avoidance technology, development of high temperature phase separation technology, establishment of a correlation between the level of melt cleanliness and as cast mechanical properties, and transfer of technology to the industrial sector. Within the context of the first task, WPI has developed a standardized Reduced Pressure Test that has been endorsed by AFS as a recommended practice. In addition, within the context of task1, WPI has developed a melt cleanliness sensor based on the principles of electromagnetic separation. An industrial partner is commercializing the sensor. Within the context of the second task, WPI has developed environmentally friendly fluxes that do not contain fluorine. Within the context of the third task, WPI modeled the process of rotary degassing and verified the model predictions with experimental data. This model may be used to optimize the performance of industrial rotary degassers. Within the context of the fourth task, WPI has correlated the level of melt cleanliness at various foundries, including a sand casting foundry, a permanent mold casting foundry, and a die casting foundry, to the casting process and the resultant mechanical properties. This is useful in tailoring the melt cleansing operations at foundries to the particular casting process and the desired properties of cast components.

Makhlouf M. Makhlouf; Diran Apelian

2002-02-05T23:59:59.000Z

391

``Towards Strange Metallic Holography'  

SciTech Connect

We initiate a holographic model building approach to 'strange metallic' phenomenology. Our model couples a neutral Lifshitz-invariant quantum critical theory, dual to a bulk gravitational background, to a finite density of gapped probe charge carriers, dually described by D-branes. In the physical regime of temperature much lower than the charge density and gap, we exhibit anomalous scalings of the temperature and frequency dependent conductivity. Choosing the dynamical critical exponent z appropriately we can match the non-Fermi liquid scalings, such as linear resistivity, observed in strange metal regimes. As part of our investigation we outline three distinct string theory realizations of Lifshitz geometries: from F theory, from polarized branes, and from a gravitating charged Fermi gas. We also identify general features of renormalization group flow in Lifshitz theories, such as the appearance of relevant charge-charge interactions when z {ge} 2. We outline a program to extend this model building approach to other anomalous observables of interest such as the Hall conductivity.

Hartnoll, Sean A.; /Harvard U., Phys. Dept. /Santa Barbara, KITP /UC, Santa Barbara; Polchinski, Joseph; Silverstein, Eva; /Santa Barbara, KITP /UC, Santa Barbara; Tong, David; /Cambridge U., DAMTP /Santa Barbara, KITP /UC, Santa Barbara

2010-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

392

Appliances and Commercial Equipment Standards  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Metal Halide Lamp Fixtures Metal Halide Lamp Fixtures Sign up for e-mail updates on regulations for this and other products The Department of Energy (DOE) has regulated the energy efficiency level of metal halide lamp fixtures since 2007. A metal halide lamp fixture uses a metal halide lamp and a metal halide lamp ballast. The lamp is the light source and the ballast starts and regulates current. Metal halide fixtures or lighting systems provide lighting for parking lots and streets, flood lighting, athletics facilities, big-box stores, and warehouses. The current standards will save approximately 6.4 quads of energy and result in approximately $9.6 billion in energy bill savings for products shipped from 2009-2038. The standard will avoid about 93.6 million metric tons of carbon dioxide emissions.

393

Metal deposition using seed layers  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Methods of forming a conductive metal layers on substrates are disclosed which employ a seed layer to enhance bonding, especially to smooth, low-roughness or hydrophobic substrates. In one aspect of the invention, the seed layer can be formed by applying nanoparticles onto a surface of the substrate; and the metallization is achieved by electroplating an electrically conducting metal onto the seed layer, whereby the nanoparticles serve as nucleation sites for metal deposition. In another approach, the seed layer can be formed by a self-assembling linker material, such as a sulfur-containing silane material.

Feng, Hsein-Ping; Chen, Gang; Bo, Yu; Ren, Zhifeng; Chen, Shuo; Poudel, Bed

2013-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

394

Effects of partial anion substitution on the thermoelectric properties of silver(I) chalcogenide halides in the system Ag{sub 5}Q{sub 2}X with Q=Te, Se and S and X=Br and Cl  

SciTech Connect

A selection of mixed conducting silver chalcogenide halides of the general formula Ag{sub 5}Q{sub 2}X with Q=sulfur, selenium and tellurium and X=chlorine and bromine has been investigated due to their thermoelectric properties. Recently, the ternary counterpart Ag{sub 5}Te{sub 2}Cl showed a defined d{sup 10}-d{sup 10} interaction in the disordered cation substructure at elevated temperatures where Ag{sub 5}Te{sub 2}Cl is present in its high temperature {alpha}-phase. A significant drop of the thermal diffusivity has been observed during the {beta}-{alpha} phase transition reducing the values from 0.12 close to 0.08 mm{sup 2} s{sup -1}. At the same transition the thermopower reacts on the increasing silver mobility and jumps towards less negative values. Thermal conductivities, thermopower and thermal diffusivity of selected compounds with various grades of anion substitution in Ag{sub 5}Q{sub 2}X were determined around the silver-order/disorder {beta}-{alpha} phase transition. A formation of attractive interactions could be observed for selenium substituted phases while no effect was detected for bromide and sulfide samples. Depending on the grade and type of substitution the thermopower changes significantly at and after the {beta}-{alpha} phase transition. Thermal conductivities are low reaching values around 0.2-0.3 W m{sup -1} K{sup -1} at 299 K. Partial anion exchange can substantially tune the thermoelectric properties in Ag{sub 5}Q{sub 2}X phases. -- Graphical abstract: A structure section of the {alpha}-Ag{sub 5}Te{sub 2}Cl structure type and the thermopower evolution of Ag{sub 5}Te{sub 2}Cl{sub 0.4}Br{sub 0.6} undergoing a silver ion order/disorder phase transition. Display Omitted Research highlights: > We report on thermoelectric properties of silver(I) chalcogenide halides. > We examine thermopower, thermal diffusivity and thermal behavior. > Silver mobility, phase transitions and order/disorder phenomena are discussed. > Partial anion exchange can tune thermoelectric properties significantly.

Eckstein, Nadine [TU Muenchen, Lichtenbergstrasse 4, Garching (Germany); Nilges, Tom, E-mail: tom.nilges@lrz.tum.d [TU Muenchen, Lichtenbergstrasse 4, Garching (Germany); Decourt, Rodolphe; Bobet, Jean-Louis; Chevalier, Bernard [CNRS, Universite de Bordeaux, ICMCB, Avenue du Docteur Schweitzer 87, 33608 PESSAC cedex (France)

2011-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

395

Creating markets for new products to replace incandescent lamps: The international experience  

SciTech Connect

Since the summer of 1995, several organizations have been in pursuit of what many consider the Holy Grail of lighting technology--a low-cost, drop-in, energy-efficient replacement for the incandescent lamp. This paper summarizes the international experience in attempting to catalyze the commercialization of a mass-market, replacement product that could have major impact on residential lighting energy consumption in US and EU homes. The technology procurement effort was originally spearheaded by US Federal Government through a loose collaboration between the Department of Defense (DoD), the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the Department of Energy (DOE). The DoD agreed to serve as the anchor buyer for a low-cost, drop-in replacement product for standard-sized light bulbs that provide at least 30 percent energy savings compared to traditional incandescent lamps. In parallel to the US effort, the International Energy Agency launched a co-operative technology procurement effort by assembling large buyers' groups in Finland, the Netherlands, Sweden, and the United Kingdom to pull a similar efficient lighting product into the European market. The lukewarm response from lamp manufacturers to these two technology procurement efforts illustrates the challenges of transforming residential lighting from incandescent to efficient lighting.

Rubinstein, F.; Borg, N.; Horowitz, N.; Narel, T.; Morehouse, E.T. Jr.

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

B O N N E V I L L E P O W E R A D M I N I S T R A T I O N  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Halide 3 Series D: Induction Lighting 4 Series E: Electronic Metal Halide 4 Series F: LEDSolid State Lighting 5 Series G: HO Linear Fluorescent Hi-Bay 8 Series H: Controls 9...

397

Metal-Insulator Transition in Metal—Rare-Gas Alloys  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present the results of electrical resistivity and optical absorption measurements for compositions spanning the metal-insulator transition in RbKr and CsXe alloys. The two transitions are similar and exhibit an apparently percolative character. No marked emergence of excitons accompanies the disappearance of conductivity. Spectral features associated with metallic conduction also persist through the transitions.

D. J. Phelps; R. Avci; C. P. Flynn

1975-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

398

Nonequilibrium electron tunneling in metal-insulator-metal junctions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The small structure in the conductance curve near zero bias of metal-insulator-metal tunnel junctions has been studied extensively. These experiments are analyzed in detail in a nonequilibrium model. It is shown that this type of zero-bias anomaly can be accounted for entirely by an electron bottleneck arising from the blocking of tunneling states due to nonzero electron relaxation times.

J. G. Adler; H. J. Kreuzer; J. Straus

1975-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

399

Theory of bonding of transition metals to nontransition metals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present a theory of the chemical bond in compounds consisting of both transition metals and nontransition metals. Chemical trends in the bonding properties are established by directly comparing the total energies of a large number of such compounds with the total energies of their constituents. These chemical trends are analyzed in terms of the s-, p-, and d-like state densities of the compounds and the constituents. Rather different types of bonding are shown to result when the atomic s and p levels of the nontransition metal lie above, below, and near the energy of the transition-metal d level. The heat of compound formation is shown to result from a competition between two simple physical effects: (1) the weakening of the transition-metal bonds by the lattice dilatation required for the accommodation of the nontransition metal, and (2) the increased bonding which results from the occupation of the bonding members of the hybrid states formed from the interaction between the transition-metal d states and the s-p states on the nontransition metal. Our theoretical values for the heats of formation of these compounds are generally similar to those given by Miedema's empirical formula. Distinctive aspects of the variation of the heat of formation with the number of valence electrons reveal, however, that the microscopic picture on which the empirical formula is based is quite different from that given by our self-consistent energy-band theory.

C. D. Gelatt; Jr.; A. R. Williams; V. L. Moruzzi

1983-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

400

Catalytic production of metal carbonyls from metal oxides  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention relates to the formation of metal carbonyls from metal oxides and specially the formation of molybdenum carbonyl and iron carbonyl from their respective oxides. Copper is used here in admixed form or used in chemically combined form as copper molybdate. The copper/metal oxide combination or combined copper is utilized with a solvent, such as toluene and subjected to carbon monoxide pressure of 25 atmospheres or greater at about 150 to 260/sup 0/C. The reducing metal copper is employed in catalytic concentrations or combined concentrations as CuMoO/sub 4/ and both hydrogen and water present serve as promoters. It has been found that the yields by this process have been salutary and that additionally the catalytic metal may be reused in the process to good effect. 3 tables.

Sapienza, R.S.; Slegeir, W.A.; Foran, M.T.

1984-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "metal halide replacing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

CX-004421: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

421: Categorical Exclusion Determination 421: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-004421: Categorical Exclusion Determination Arkansas-City-Springdale CX(s) Applied: A1, A9, B1.32, B5.1 Date: 11/09/2010 Location(s): Springdale, Arkansas Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Program. 1) Upgrade lighting and metal halide fixtures along Emma Street with light-emitting diode (LED) fixtures; 2) replace metal halide fixtures in Murphy and Hunt Parks; 3) conduct lighting improvements, electrical infrastructure, and renewable energy technologies on the trail system connecting downtown Springdale and residential development areas, and install multiple approximately 2.5 kilowatt (kW) wind turbine systems to provide an energy source alternative

402

Data:A57c88dc-6b41-4d79-9187-6f171bb5c02f | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

c88dc-6b41-4d79-9187-6f171bb5c02f c88dc-6b41-4d79-9187-6f171bb5c02f No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Heartland Rural Elec Coop, Inc Effective date: 2009/08/01 End date if known: Rate name: METERED SECURITY LIGHTING: 400 Watt Metal-Halide Floodlight Sector: Lighting Description: AVAILABILITY This schedule is available for metered outdoor lighting service to any Customer. New or replacement light installations shall be limited to high pressure sodium and metal-halide lights. Source or reference: http://www.heartland-rec.com/documents/HRECTarriffsAug09web.pdf Source Parent: Comments

403

Plasmoelectric potentials in metal nanostructures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Au film on glass. The dark green color directly shows the strong...of 175 nm (blue), 225 nm (green), 250 nm (yellow) and 300...convert light into electrical energy by replacing the usual function of doped semiconductors...Tonge G. , Thermodynamic energy conversion efficiencies . J. Appl...

Matthew T. Sheldon; Jorik van de Groep; Ana M. Brown; Albert Polman; Harry A. Atwater

404

Plasmoelectric potentials in metal nanostructures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Au film on glass. The dark green color directly shows the strong...of 175 nm (blue), 225 nm (green), 250 nm (yellow), and...convert light into electrical energy by replacing the usual function of doped semiconductors...Tonge G. , Thermodynamic energy conversion efficiencies . J. Appl...

Matthew T. Sheldon; Jorik van de Groep; Ana M. Brown; Albert Polman; Harry A. Atwater

2014-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

405

Creating bulk nanocrystalline metal.  

SciTech Connect

Nanocrystalline and nanostructured materials offer unique microstructure-dependent properties that are superior to coarse-grained materials. These materials have been shown to have very high hardness, strength, and wear resistance. However, most current methods of producing nanostructured materials in weapons-relevant materials create powdered metal that must be consolidated into bulk form to be useful. Conventional consolidation methods are not appropriate due to the need to maintain the nanocrystalline structure. This research investigated new ways of creating nanocrystalline material, new methods of consolidating nanocrystalline material, and an analysis of these different methods of creation and consolidation to evaluate their applicability to mesoscale weapons applications where part features are often under 100 {micro}m wide and the material's microstructure must be very small to give homogeneous properties across the feature.

Fredenburg, D. Anthony (Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA); Saldana, Christopher J. (Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN); Gill, David D.; Hall, Aaron Christopher; Roemer, Timothy John (Ktech Corporation, Albuquerque, NM); Vogler, Tracy John; Yang, Pin

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Metal recovery from porous materials  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention relates to recovery of metals. More specifically, the present invention relates to the recovery of plutonium and other metals from porous materials using microwaves. The United States Government has rights in this invention pursuant to Contract No. DE-AC09-89SR18035 between the US Department of Energy and Westinghouse Savannah River Company.

Sturcken, E.F.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF METALS1  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... the application of pressing and shaping force is afforded by the processes in use for "teapot spinning,"i.e. the production of a Britannia-metal ... spinning,"i.e. the production of a Britannia-metal teapot by a process technically termed spinning. The alloy being rolled into sheets of convenient ...

1878-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

408

Formation of zirconium metallic glass  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... Bulk metallic glasses are commonly produced by the rapid cooling of liquid alloys. They have emerged over ... a novel class of materials, with attractive properties and technological promise. The bulk metallic glasses so far produced contain three or more component elements. These complex compositions are necessary ...

Jianzhong Zhang; Yusheng Zhao

2004-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

409

Metal binding in an aluminum based metal-organic framework for...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Metal binding in an aluminum based metal-organic framework for carbon dioxide capture Link to article...

410

Durability of metals from archaeological objects, metal meteorites, and native metals  

SciTech Connect

Metal durability is an important consideration in the multi-barrier nuclear waste storage concept. This study summarizes the ancient metals, the environments, and factors which appear to have contributed to metal longevity. Archaeological and radiochemical dating suggest that human use of metals began in the period 6000 to 7000 BC. Gold is clearly the most durable, but many objects fashioned from silver, copper, bronze, iron, lead, and tin have survived for several thousand years. Dry environments, such as tombs, appear to be optimum for metal preservation, but some metals have survived in shipwrecks for over a thousand years. The metal meteorites are Fe-base alloys with 5 to 60 wt% Ni and minor amounts of Co, I, and S. Some meteoritic masses with ages estimated to be 5,000 to 20,000 years have weathered very little, while other masses from the same meteorites are in advanced stages of weathering. Native metals are natural metallic ores. Approximately five million tonnes were mined from native copper deposits in Michigan. Copper masses from the Michigan deposits were transported by the Pleistocene glaciers. Areas on the copper surfaces which appear to represent glacial abrasion show minimal corrosion. Dry cooling tower technology has demonstrated that in pollution-free moist environments, metals fare better at temperatures above than below the dewpoint. Thus, in moderate temperature regimes, elevated temperatures may be useful rather than detrimental for exposures of metal to air. In liquid environments, relatively complex radiolysis reactions can occur, particularly where multiple species are present. A dry environment largely obviates radiolysis effects.

Johnson, A.B. Jr.; Francis, B.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Method for preparing metal powder, device for preparing metal powder, method for processing spent nuclear fuel  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for producing metal powder is provided the comprising supplying a molten bath containing a reducing agent, contacting a metal oxide with the molten bath for a time and at a temperature sufficient to reduce the metal in the metal oxide to elemental metal and produce free oxygen; and isolating the elemental metal from the molten bath.

Park, Jong-Hee (Clarendon Hills, IL)

2011-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

412

Advanced Testing Techniques to Measure the PWSCC Resistance of Alloy 690 and its Weld Metals  

SciTech Connect

Wrought Alloy 600 and its weld metals (Alloy 182 and Alloy 82) were originally used in pressurized water reactors (PWRs) due to the material's inherent resistance to general corrosion in a number of aggressive environments and because of a coefficient of thermal expansion that is very close to that of low alloy and carbon steel. Over the last thirty years, stress corrosion cracking in PWR primary water (PWSCC) has been observed in numerous Alloy 600 component items and associated welds, sometimes after relatively long incubation times. The occurrence of PWSCC has been responsible for significant downtime and replacement power costs. As part of an ongoing, comprehensive program involving utilities, reactor vendors and engineering/research organizations, this report will help to ensure that corrosion degradation of nickel-base alloys does not limit service life and that full benefit can be obtained from improved designs for both replacement components and new reactors.

P.Andreson

2004-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Microbial controls on metal ion mobility  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this dissertation, the biogeochemical controls on metal mobility in the subsurface are examined; specifically, the release of metals from buried mineralization, the transport of metals through overburden, and the ...

Leslie, Karla Louise

2012-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

414

Metal-directed protein self-assembly  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Metal-Directed Protein Self- Assembly. Acc. Chem. Res. 43,Metal-directed protein self-assembly. Acc. Chem. Res. 43,Metal- mediated self-assembly of protein superstructures:

Salgado. Eric N.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Bad Metals Made with Good-Metal Components  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We have grown thin stable films of a good metal, Ag, that have characteristics of bad metals: high resistivity, strong temperature dependence of resistivity, and lack of resistive saturation. For films of different thickness, the temperature-dependent resistance and the Hall effect resistance provide evidence that the apparent bad metallicity is a consequence of the microstructure of the film rather than the result of new physics. This microstructure, which we characterize with scanning probe techniques, occurs on length scales comparable to the mean free path, thereby changing the sign of the classical magnetoresistance from positive to negative.

S. B. Arnason; S. P. Herschfield; A. F. Hebard

1998-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

416

10 CFR 830 Major Modification Determination for Replacement of ATR Primary Coolant Pumps and Motors  

SciTech Connect

The continued safe and reliable operation of the ATR is critical to the Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Nuclear Energy (NE) mission. While ATR is safely fulfilling current mission requirements, a variety of aging and obsolescence issues challenge ATR engineering and maintenance personnel’s capability to sustain ATR over the long term. First documented in a series of independent assessments, beginning with an OA Environmental Safety and Health Assessment conducted in 2003, the issues were validated in a detailed Material Condition Assessment (MCA) conducted as a part of the ATR Life Extension Program in 2007.Accordingly, near term replacement of aging and obsolescent original ATR equipment has become important to ensure ATR capability in support of NE’s long term national missions. To that end, a mission needs statement has been prepared for a non-major system acquisition which is comprised of three interdependent subprojects. The first project will replace the existent diesel-electrical bus (E-3), switchgear, and the 50-year-old obsolescent marine diesels with commercial power that is backed with safety related emergency diesel generators, switchgear, and uninterruptible power supply (UPS). The second project, the subject of this major modification determination, will replace the four, obsolete, original primary coolant pumps (PCPs) and motors. Completion of this and the two other age-related projects (replacement of the ATR diesel bus [E-3] and switchgear and replacement of the existent emergency firewater injection system) will resolve major age-related operational issues plus make a significant contribution in sustaining the ATR safety and reliability profile. The major modification criteria evaluation of the project pre-conceptual design identified several issues that lead to the conclusion that the project is a major modification: 1. Evaluation Criteria #3 (Change of existing process). The proposed strategy for equipping the replacement PCPs with VFDs and having the PCPs also function as ECPs will require significant safety basis changes requiring DOE approval. 2. Evaluation Criteria #4 (Use of new technology). The use of VFD and VFD “pump catcher” technology for the PCPs is not currently in use and has not been previously formally reviewed/approved by DOE for ATR. It is noted that VFD technology has several decades of commercial use and experience. However, the ATR probabilistic risk assessment will have to be updated, reflecting the changes for supplying ECP flows including VFD reliability, to confirm that the proposed activity maintains or reduces the CDF for the ATR. 3. Evaluation Criteria #5 (Create the need for new or revised safety SSCs). It is expected that the proposed activity will result in a revised list of safety-related SSCs. Specifically, as currently proposed, the existing ECPs will be deleted from the list. The PCPs and their associated components, picking up the ECP function, will be classified as safety-related active Seismic Category I.

Noel Duckwitz

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Replacing a 252Cf source with a neutron generator in a shuffler - a conceptual design performed with MCNPX  

SciTech Connect

The {sup 252}Cf shuffler has been widely used in nuclear safeguards and radioactive waste management to assay fissile isotopes, such as {sup 235}U or {sup 239}Pu, present in a variety of samples, ranging from small cans of uranium waste to metal samples weighing several kilograms. Like other non-destructive assay instruments, the shuffler uses an interrogating neutron source to induce fissions in the sample. Although shufflers with {sup 252}Cf sources have been reliably used for several decades, replacing this isotopic source with a neutron generator presents some distinct advantages. Neutron generators can be run in a continuous or pulsed mode, and may be turned off, eliminating the need for shielding and a shuffling mechanism in the shuffler. There is also essentially no dose to personnel during installation, and no reliance on the availability of {sup 252}Cf. Despite these advantages, the more energetic neutrons emitted from the neutron generator (141 MeV for D-T generators) present some challenges for certain material types. For example when the enrichment of a uranium sample is unknown, the fission of {sup 238}U is generally undesirable. Since measuring uranium is one of the main uses of a shuffler, reducing the delayed neutron contribution from {sup 238}U is desirable. Hence, the shuffler hardware must be modified to accommodate a moderator configuration near the source to tailor the interrogating spectrum in a manner which promotes sub-threshold fissions (below 1 MeV) but avoids the over-moderation of the interrogating neutrons so as to avoid self-shielding. In this study, where there are many material and geometry combinations, the Monte Carlo N-Particle eXtended (MCNPX) transport code was used to model, design, and optimize the moderator configuration within the shuffler geometry. The code is then used to evaluate and compare the assay performances of both the modified shuffler and the current {sup 252}Cf shuffler designs for different test samples. The matrix effect and the non-uniformity of the interrogating flux are investigated and quantified in each case. The modified geometry proposed by this study can serve s a guide in retrofitting shufflers that are already in use.

Schear, Melissa A [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Tobin, Stephen J [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

Low leakage Ru-strontium titanate-Ru metal-insulator-metal capacitors for sub-20?nm technology node in dynamic random access memory  

SciTech Connect

Improved metal-insulator-metal capacitor (MIMCAP) stacks with strontium titanate (STO) as dielectric sandwiched between Ru as top and bottom electrode are shown. The Ru/STO/Ru stack demonstrates clearly its potential to reach sub-20?nm technology nodes for dynamic random access memory. Downscaling of the equivalent oxide thickness, leakage current density (J{sub g}) of the MIMCAPs, and physical thickness of the STO have been realized by control of the Sr/Ti ratio and grain size using a heterogeneous TiO{sub 2}/STO based nanolaminate stack deposition and a two-step crystallization anneal. Replacement of TiN with Ru as both top and bottom electrodes reduces the amount of electrically active defects and is essential to achieve a low leakage current in the MIM capacitor.

Popovici, M., E-mail: Mihaela.Ioana.Popovici@imec.be; Swerts, J.; Redolfi, A.; Kaczer, B.; Aoulaiche, M.; Radu, I.; Clima, S.; Everaert, J.-L.; Van Elshocht, S.; Jurczak, M. [Imec, Leuven 3001 (Belgium)

2014-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

419

EIA - AEO2010 - U.S. nuclear power plants: Continued life or replacement  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

U.S. nuclear power plants: continued life or replacement after 60? U.S. nuclear power plants: continued life or replacement after 60? Annual Energy Outlook 2010 with Projections to 2035 U.S. nuclear power plants: Continued life or replacement after 60? Background Nuclear power plants generate approximately 20 percent of U.S. electricity, and the plants in operation today are often seen as attractive assets in the current environment of uncertainty about future fossil fuel prices, high construction costs for new power plants (particularly nuclear plants), and the potential enactment of GHG regulations. Existing nuclear power plants have low fuel costs and relatively high power output. However, there is uncertainty about how long they will be allowed to continue operating. The nuclear industry has expressed strong interest in continuing the operation of existing nuclear facilities, and no particular technical issues have been identified that would impede their continued operation. Recent AEOs had assumed that existing nuclear units would be retired after 60 years of operation (the initial 40-year license plus one 20-year license renewal). Maintaining the same assumption in AEO2010, with the projection horizon extended to 2035, would result in the retirement of more than one-third of existing U.S. nuclear capacity between 2029 and 2035. Given the uncertainty about when existing nuclear capacity actually will be retired, EIA revisited the assumption for the development of AEO2010 and modified it to allow the continued operation of all existing U.S. nuclear power plants through 2035 in the Reference case.

420

10 CFR 830 Major Modification Determination for Advanced Test Reactor RDAS and LPCIS Replacement  

SciTech Connect

The replacement of the ATR Control Complex's obsolete computer based Reactor Data Acquisition System (RDAS) and its safety-related Lobe Power Calculation and Indication System (LPCIS) software application is vitally important to ensure the ATR remains available to support this national mission. The RDAS supports safe operation of the reactor by providing 'real-time' plant status information (indications and alarms) for use by the reactor operators via the Console Display System (CDS). The RDAS is a computer support system that acquires analog and digital information from various reactor and reactor support systems. The RDAS information is used to display quadrant and lobe powers via a display interface more user friendly than that provided by the recorders and the Control Room upright panels. RDAS provides input to the Nuclear Engineering ATR Surveillance Data System (ASUDAS) for fuel burn-up analysis and the production of cycle data for experiment sponsors and the generation of the Core Safety Assurance Package (CSAP). RDAS also archives and provides for retrieval of historical plant data which may be used for event reconstruction, data analysis, training and safety analysis. The RDAS, LPCIS and ASUDAS need to be replaced with state-of-the-art technology in order to eliminate problems of aged computer systems, and difficulty in obtaining software upgrades, spare parts, and technical support. The major modification criteria evaluation of the project design did not lead to the conclusion that the project is a major modification. The negative major modification determination is driven by the fact that the project requires a one-for-one equivalent replacement of existing systems that protects and maintains functional and operational requirements as credited in the safety basis.

David E. Korns

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "metal halide replacing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Microsoft Word - CX-CircuitBreakerReplacementsMultipleSubstationsFY12_WEB.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

12, 2012 12, 2012 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEPR-4 SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Michael Gilchrist Project Manager - TEP-TPP-1 Proposed Action: Power Circuit Breaker Replacement Project Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): Appendix B4.6, Additions and modifications to transmission facilities. Location: Tumwater, Thurston County, WA; Ravensdale, King County, WA; Silver Creek, Lewis County, WA; Shelton, Mason County, WA; Bremerton, Kitsap County, WA; Bandon, Coos County, OR; Toledo, Lincoln County, OR; Wilsonville, Washington County, OR; Gold Beach, Curry County, OR; Stayton, Marion County, OR; Swan Valley, Bonneville County, ID; Moose, Teton County, WY (ID); Gold Creek, Powell County, MT.

422

Metal-based reactive nanomaterials  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Recent developments in materials processing and characterization resulted in the discovery of a new type of reactive materials containing nanoscaled metal components. The well-known high oxidation energies of metallic fuels can now be released very rapidly because of the very high reactive interface areas in such metal-based reactive nanomaterials. Consequently, these materials are currently being examined for an entire range of applications in energetic formulations inappropriate for conventional, micron-sized metal fuels having relatively low reaction rates. New application areas, such as reactive structural materials, are also being explored. Research remains active in manufacturing and characterization of metal-based reactive nanomaterials including elemental metal nanopowders and various nanocomposite material systems. Because of the nanometer scale of the individual particles, or phase domains, and because of the very high enthalpy of reaction between components of the nanocomposite materials, the final phase compositions, morphology, and thermodynamic properties of the reactive nanocomposite materials may be different from those of their micron-scaled counterparts. Ignition mechanisms in such materials can be governed by heterogeneous reactions that are insignificant for materials with less developed reactive interface areas. New combustion regimes are being observed that are affected by very short ignition delays combined with very high metal combustion temperatures. Current progress in this rapidly growing research area is reviewed and some potential directions for the future research are discussed.

Edward L. Dreizin

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Reducing metal artifacts in cone-beam CT images by preprocessing projection data  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: Computed tomography (CT) streak artifacts caused by metallic implants remain a challenge for the automatic processing of image data. The impact of metal artifacts in the soft-tissue region is magnified in cone-beam CT (CBCT), because the soft-tissue contrast is usually lower in CBCT images. The goal of this study was to develop an effective offline processing technique to minimize the effect. Methods and Materials: The geometry calibration cue of the CBCT system was used to track the position of the metal object in projection views. The three-dimensional (3D) representation of the object can be established from only two user-selected viewing angles. The position of the shadowed region in other views can be tracked by projecting the 3D coordinates of the object. Automatic image segmentation was used followed by a Laplacian diffusion method to replace the pixels inside the metal object with the boundary pixels. The modified projection data were then used to reconstruct a new CBCT image. The procedure was tested in phantoms, prostate cancer patients with implanted gold markers and metal prosthesis, and a head-and-neck patient with dental amalgam in the teeth. Results: Both phantom and patient studies demonstrated that the procedure was able to minimize the metal artifacts. Soft-tissue visibility was improved near or away from the metal object. The processing time was 1-2 s per projection. Conclusion: We have implemented an effective metal artifact-suppressing algorithm to improve the quality of CBCT images.

Zhang Yongbin [Department of Radiation Physics, University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX (United States); Zhang Lifei [Department of Radiation Physics, University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX (United States); Zhu, X. Ronald [Department of Radiation Physics, University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX (United States); Lee, Andrew K. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX (United States); Chambers, Mark [Department of Dental Oncology, University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX (United States); Dong Lei [Department of Radiation Physics, University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX (United States)]. E-mail: ldong@mdanderson.org

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Metal Hydride Hydrogen Storage R and D  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

DOE's research on complex metal hydrides targets the development of advanced metal hydride materials including light-weight complex hydrides, destabilized binary hydrides, intermetallic hydrides,...

425

Metal-Organic Heat Carrier Nanofluids. | EMSL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Organic Heat Carrier Nanofluids. Metal-Organic Heat Carrier Nanofluids. Abstract: Nanofluids, dispersions of metal or oxide nanoparticles in a base working fluid, are being...

426

Accelerated Cellulose Depolymerization Catalyzed by Paired Metal...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Depolymerization Catalyzed by Paired Metal Chlorides in Ionic Liquid Solvent. Accelerated Cellulose Depolymerization Catalyzed by Paired Metal Chlorides in Ionic Liquid...

427

Metal Hydride Hydrogen Storage Research and Development  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

DOE's research on complex metal hydrides targets the development of advanced metal hydride materials including light-weight complex hydrides, destabilized binary hydrides, intermetallic hydrides,...

428

Metal Roofing Alliance (MRA) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Metal Roofing Alliance (MRA) Jump to: navigation, search Name: Metal Roofing Alliance (MRA) Place: Belfair, WA Information About Partnership with NREL Partnership with NREL Yes...

429

DOE/EA-1636: Albany-Burnt Woods and Santiam-Toledo Pole Replacement Project Mitigation Action Plan (March 2009)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Burnt Woods and Santiam-Toledo Pole Replacement Project Burnt Woods and Santiam-Toledo Pole Replacement Project DOE/EA-1636 Summary This Mitigation Action Plan (MAP) is part of the Finding of No Significant Impact (FONSI) for the Albany-Burnt Woods and Santiam-Toledo Pole Replacement Project. The project involves replacing wood pole structures on about 26 miles of the Albany-Burnt Woods single-circuit, 115- kilovolt (kV) transmission line and about 21 miles of the Santiam-Toledo single circuit, 230-kV transmission line in Linn, Benton and Lincoln counties, Oregon. This MAP is for the Proposed Action and includes all of the integral elements and commitments made in the Environmental Assessment (EA) to mitigate any potential adverse environmental impacts. The purpose of this MAP is to explain how the mitigation measures will be

430

Potential commercial application of a bi-layer bone-ligament regeneration scaffold to anterior cruciate ligament replacement  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A business model was created in order to explore the commercial application of a bi-layer bone-ligament scaffold to the treatment of torn anterior cruciate ligaments (ACL) requiring replacement. The two main keys in producing ...

Li, Jessica C. (Jessica Ching-Yi)

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Investigation into the molar feeding ratio and temperature dependence on the replacement reaction between platinum ions and silver nanoparticles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The deliberate structuring of bimetallic nanoparticles has useful applications in both fuel cell applications and biomedical research. This thesis studies the replacement reaction between platinum ions and silver nanoparticles, ...

Stuk, Archimedes

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

A decision-making framework to determine the value of on-orbit servicing compared to replacement of space telescopes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Hubble Space Telescope has demonstrated that on-orbit servicing can provide significant benefits for scientific space programs. Specifically, servicing missions can replace failed components to keep spacecraft operational, ...

Baldesarra, Mark

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Blythe-Knob\t161-kV\tTransmission\tLine Cross\tArm\tReplacements\t...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

9 Blythe-Knob 161-kV Transmission Line Cross Arm Replacements - Continuation Sheet Project Description (continued) The wood cross arms on a number of wood H-frame structures have...

434

METAL NANOPARTICLES FUNCTIONALIZED WITH METAL-LIGAND COVALENT BONDS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

fundamental and technological perspectives, largely because these nanomaterials show unique optical and electronicelectronic energy structures, which may serve as a fundamentaland electronic characteristics, the metal nanoparticles have been attracting extensive interest in the field of fundamental

Kang, Xiongwu

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Nonmetal-metal transition in metal–molten-salt solutions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The method of ab initio molecular dynamics, based on finite-temperature density-functional theory, is used to study the nonmetal-metal transition in two different metal–molten-salt solutions, Kx(KCl)1-x and Nax(NaBr)1-x. As the excess metal concentration is increased the electronic density becomes delocalized and percolating conducting paths are formed, making a significant dc electrical conductivity possible. This marks the onset of the metallic regime. By calculating several electronic and structural properties, remarkable differences between the two solutions are observed. The anomalous behavior of Nax(NaBr)1-x, typical of all the Na-NaX solutions, is found to be related to the strong attractive interaction between the sodium ions and the excess electrons. © 1996 The American Physical Society.

Pier Luigi Silvestrelli; Ali Alavi; Michele Parrinello; Daan Frenkel

1996-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

436

Magnetism in Transition Metals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An attempt is made to distinguish "band-type magnetization" from "alignment-type magnetization" on the basis of whether the local moments associated with the Wannier functions on the atom sites are "induced" or "permanent." In general, the local moment is partially induced and partially permanent, and a criterion is suggested: A local moment is defined to be of the permanent variety if in the presence of magnetic forces (supposed characteristic of the crystal in a given circumstance) tending to produce a moment in one sense (z^, say) of a direction, it can maintain itself (perhaps altered in magnitude, however) in the opposite sense (-z^), as well as in z^. The internal mechanisms tending to produce permanent moments are simplified to just the Hcorr of Anderson, and the external inducing mechanism are the Heisenberg interaction and a magnetic field, Hspin, say. If Hcorr dominates Hspin, then it is shown that a local moment can maintain itself to the polarizing tendencies (whence an alignment type of magnetization calculation is appropriate), but if Hspin dominates Hcorr, then the local moment has only one sense possible in this environment (and a band type of calculation is appropriate). It is suggested that this distinction is relevant to transition metals.

M. Bailyn

1965-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

437

Investigation of Cooling and Dehumidification Energy Use and Indoor Thermal Conditions in Polk County Schools Permanent Replacement Classroom Buildings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of this research was to compare the energy consumption and interior conditions of the autoclaved aerated concrete (AAC) construction with an unvented roof assembly to that of the conventional metal framing and concrete panel buildings. Four buildings, 2 metal...

Moyer, N. A.; Cummings, J. B.; Chasar, D.

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Electromagnetic modes in metal-insulator-metal structures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Metal-dielectric-metal structures are constructed by depositing Ag films on CaF2 thin films that coat Ag surfaces. The reflectance of such structures was measured for several angles of incidence in the 1–5-eV spectral range. The minima observed in the reflectance are due to the excitation of electromagnetic modes inside an optical cavity. These observed electromagnetic modes are discussed and compared to computed dispersion.

F. Villa; T. Lopez-Rios; L. E. Regalado

2001-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

439

Contacts Between Metals and Between a Metal and a Semiconductor  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The problem of contacts between metals and between a metal and a semiconductor is treated classically with the help of the results of wave mechanical theory of electron energy states in solids. The potential and electron density distributions in the two bodies near the contact are discussed. The bodies are assumed to be in immediate contact. The problem of a body in vacuum and the problem of two bodies separated by a gap are discussed qualitatively.

H. Y. Fan

1942-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Assessment of Nuclear Safety Culture at the Los Alamos National Laboratory Chemistry and Metallurgy Research Replacement Project, April 2012  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Los Alamos National Laboratory Los Alamos National Laboratory Chemistry and Metallurgy Research Replacement Project May 2011 April 2012 Office of Safety and Emergency Management Evaluations Office of Enforcement and Oversight Office of Health, Safety and Security U.S. Department of Energy Independent Oversight Assessment of Nuclear Safety Culture at the Los Alamos National Laboratory Chemistry and Metallurgy Research Replacement Project Table of Contents 1. Introduction ........................................................................................................................................... 1 2. Scope and Methodology ....................................................................................................................... 2

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "metal halide replacing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

ARM: Millimeter Wave Cloud Radar (MMCR), replaces mmcrcal and mmcrmoments datastreams following C-40 processor upgrade of 2003.09.09  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

Millimeter Wave Cloud Radar (MMCR), replaces mmcrcal and mmcrmoments datastreams following C-40 processor upgrade of 2003.09.09

Widener, Kevin; Bharadwaj, Nitin; Johnson, Karen

442

Safety and core design of large liquid-metal cooled fast breeder reactors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Absorption Metal (Zr) Metal (Mo) Carbide Nitride Oxidef /? a k ? Metal (Zr) Metal (Mo) Carbide Nitride Oxide Table? a k ? Metal (Zr) Metal (Mo) Carbide Nitride Oxide CHAPTER

Qvist, Staffan Alexander

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Global warming and end-use efficiency implications of replacing CFCs  

SciTech Connect

The direct contribution of CFCs to calculated global warming has been recognized for some time. As a result of the international agreement to phase out CFCs due to stratospheric ozone and the ensuing search for suitable alternatives, there has recently been increased attention on the DIRECT global warming potential (GWP) of the fluorocarbon alternatives as greenhouse gases. However, to date there has been little focus on the INDIRECT global warming effect arising from end-use efficiency changes and associated CO{sub 2} emissions. A study being conducted at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) addresses this combined or total global warming impact of viable options to replace CFCs in their major energy-related applications. This paper reviews selected results for air-conditioning, refrigeration, and heat pump applications. The analysis indicates that the CFC user industries have made substantial progress in approaching near-equal energy efficiency with the HCFC/HFC alternative refrigerants. The findings also bring into question the relative importance of the DIRECT (chemical-related) effect in many applications. Replacing CFCs is an important step in reducing the total global warming impact, and at present the HCFC and HFCS appear to offer the best efficiency and lowest total impact of options available in the relatively short time period required for the transition away from CFCs.

Fairchild, P.D.; Fischer, S.K.

1991-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

444

Below population replacement fertility rates: Can assisted reproductive technology (ART) help reverse the trend?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

AbstractObjective This paper considers the potential contribution that assisted reproductive technology (ART) may make to population replenishment in countries that have experienced extended periods of below-population-replacement Total Fertility Rates (TFR), by focusing on the specific situation of Singapore, which has recorded ‘ultra-low’ \\{TFRs\\} for many years. Methods The factors contributing to ultra-low \\{TFRs\\} in Singapore, the economic and social consequences of endemic below-population-replacement fertility rates and remedial measures initiated by the government are critically analysed, focussing specifically on the government's subsided ART provisions of the ‘Marriage and Parenthood’ package. In addition the paper provides a close analysis of available contemporary data regarding ART and ART outcomes both in Singapore and internationally. Results Despite limited public accessibility to data concerning ART outcomes in Singapore, it is possible to make some assessment of the potential contribution of publicly-funded ART provision and the possible extension of access to elective oocyte preservation to population replenishment. Conclusions Subsidised ART can-at best-make a marginal contribution to government population policy.

Eric Blyth

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Advances in Metallic Nuclear Fuel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Metallic nuclear fuels have generated renewed interest for advanced ... operations is excellent. Ongoing irradiation tests in Argonne-West’s Idaho-based Experimental Breeder Reactor ... fast reactor (IFR) concept...

B. R. Seidel; L. C. Walters; Y. I. Chang

1987-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Doping Graphene with Metal Contacts  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Making devices with graphene necessarily involves making contacts with metals. We use density functional theory to study how graphene is doped by adsorption on metal substrates and find that weak bonding on Al, Ag, Cu, Au, and Pt, while preserving its unique electronic structure, can still shift the Fermi level with respect to the conical point by ?0.5??eV. At equilibrium separations, the crossover from p-type to n-type doping occurs for a metal work function of ?5.4??eV, a value much larger than the graphene work function of 4.5 eV. The numerical results for the Fermi level shift in graphene are described very well by a simple analytical model which characterizes the metal solely in terms of its work function, greatly extending their applicability.

G. Giovannetti; P. A. Khomyakov; G. Brocks; V. M. Karpan; J. van den Brink; P. J. Kelly

2008-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

447

Chapter 4 - Recycling Rare Metals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The industrial system now utilizes many more elements, especially rare metals, than was the case even a half century ago. Most are not mined for themselves but are obtained as by-products or “hitchhikers” of the more familiar industrial metals, such as iron, aluminum, copper, nickel, and zinc. This imposes a limit on the production of by-product metals. But in some cases, demand may increase much faster than new supply. This suggests a need for recycling. But the uses of these metals are often in products, such as cell phones, that are mass-produced but where the amount in each individual product is very small. Some uses are also inherently dissipative. This makes recycling very difficult in principle. It constitutes a serious challenge for the future economy. Prices will rise.

Robert U. Ayres; Gara Villalba Méndez; Laura Talens Peiró

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Electrical Resistance of Ferromagnetic Metals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Physics September 1959 research-article Articles Electrical Resistance of Ferromagnetic Metals Isao Mannari Department of Physics...the Physical Society of Japan 81 (2012) 064715 (8 pages) Electric and Magnetic Properties of bcc Fe Based Multicomponent Alloys......

Isao Mannari

1959-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Selenophene transition metal complexes  

SciTech Connect

This research shows that selenophene transition metal complexes have a chemistry that is similar to their thiophene analogs. Selenophene coordination has been demonstrated and confirmed by molecular structure in both the {eta}{sup 5}- and the {eta}{sup 1}(Se)-coordination modes. The reaction chemistry of selenophene complexes closely resembles that of the analogous thiophene complexes. One major difference, however, is that selenophene is a better donor ligand than thiophene making the selenophene complexes more stable than the corresponding thiophene complexes. The {sup 77}Se NMR chemical shift values for selenophene complexes fall within distinct regions primarily depending on the coordination mode of the selenophene ligand. In the final paper, the C-H bond activation of {eta}{sup 1}(S)-bound thiophenes, {eta}{sup 1}(S)-benzothiophene and {eta}{sup 1}(Se)-bound selenophenes has been demonstrated. The deprotonation and rearrangement of the {eta}{sup 1}(E)-bound ligand to the carbon bound L-yl complex readily occurs in the presence of base. Reprotonation with a strong acid gives a carbene complex that is unreactive towards nucleophilic attack at the carbene carbon and is stable towards exposure to air. The molecular structure of [Cp(NO)(PPh{sub 3})Re(2-benzothioenylcarbene)]O{sub 3}SCF{sub 3} was determined and contains a Re-C bond with substantial double bond character. Methyl substitution for the thienylcarbene or selenylcarbene gives a carbene that rearranges thermally to give back the {eta}{sup 1}(E)-bound complex. Based on these model reactions, a new mechanism for the H/D exchange of thiophene over the hydrodesulfurization catalyst has been proposed.

White, C.J.

1994-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

450

Titanium metal: extraction to application  

SciTech Connect

In 1998, approximately 57,000 tons of titanium metal was consumed in the form of mill products (1). Only about 5% of the 4 million tons of titanium minerals consumed each year is used to produce titanium metal, with the remainder primarily used to produce titanium dioxide pigment. Titanium metal production is primarily based on the direct chlorination of rutile to produce titanium tetrachloride, which is then reduced to metal using the Kroll magnesium reduction process. The use of titanium is tied to its high strength-to-weight ratio and corrosion resistance. Aerospace is the largest application for titanium. In this paper, we discuss all aspects of the titanium industry from ore deposits through extraction to present and future applications. The methods of both primary (mining of ore, extraction, and purification) and secondary (forming and machining) operations will be analyzed. The chemical and physical properties of titanium metal will be briefly examined. Present and future applications for titanium will be discussed. Finally, the economics of titanium metal production also are analyzed as well as the advantages and disadvantages of various alternative extraction methods.

Gambogi, Joseph (USGS, Reston, VA); Gerdemann, Stephen J.

2002-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Proposed replacement and operation of the anhydrous hydrogen fluoride supply and fluidized-bed reactor system at Building 9212. Draft environmental assessment  

SciTech Connect

The US Department of Energy (DOE) proposes to replace the existing anhydrous hydrogen fluoride (AHF) supply and fluidized-bed reactor systems for the Weapons Grade Highly Enriched Uranium Chemical Recovery and Recycle Facility, Building 9212, which is Iocated within the Y-12 Plant on DOE`s Oak Ridge Reservation in Oak Ridge, Tennessee. The current AHF supply and fluidized-bed reactor systems were designed and constructed more than 40 years ago. Because of their deteriorating condition, the corrosive nature of the materials processed, and the antiquated design philosophy upon which they are based, their long-term reliability cannot be assured. The current AHF supply system cannot mitigate an accidental release of AHF and vents fugitive AHF directly to the atmosphere during operations. the proposed action would reduce the risk of exposing the Y-12 Plant work force, the public, and the environment to an accidental release of AHF and would ensure the continuing ability of the Y-12 Plant to manufacture highly enriched uranium metal and process uranium from retired weapons for storage.

NONE

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Complexes of niobium and tantalum containing metal-metal bonds  

SciTech Connect

A new entry into the area of low valent niobium and tantalum complexes containing metal-metal bonds is described. M/sub 2/X/sub 6/ (..mu..-THT)(THF)/sub 2/ complexes, where M = Nb or Ta, X = Cl or Br and THT - tetrahydrothiophene, are conveniently synthesized via the reaction of M/sub 2/M/sub 6/(THT)/sub 3/ with THF (THF = tetrahydrofuran). Unlike M/sub 2/X/sub 6/(THT)/sub 3/, M/sub 2/X/sub 6/(..mu..-THT)(THF)/sub 2/ can be easily reduced by sodium amalgam. In THF and in the presence of THT, complexes of the type M/sub 2/X/sub 6/(..mu..-THT)/sub 3//sup 2 -/ form. Salts of these compounds can also be synthesized directly from the metal pentahalides in a two step, one pot reaction in which M/sub 2/X/sub 6/(THT)/sub 3/ is an intermediate. The M/sub 2/X/sub 6/(..mu..-THT)/sub 3//sup 2 -/ complexes have a face-sharing bioctahedral structure with metal-metal triple bonds, the first reported for niobium or tantalum. These compounds are relatively inert, but (Nb/sub 2/Cl/sub 6/(..mu..-THT)/sub 3//sup 2 -/ does reach with pyridine and with a solution of acetic acid/acetic anhydride. These reactions and those of some of the sodium salts are described. In general, trinuclear complexes of niobium and tantalum are rare, and this type of discrete trinuclear complex, which contains one capping, three bridging and nine terminal ligands, has been seen only once before for the group 5 metals, although many examples of similar group 6 metal complexes are known. Full details of the synthesis and characterization of these complexes are described and an interpretation of their electronic structures is given.

Diebold, M.P.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Anaerobic microbial remobilization of coprecipitated metals  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process is provided for solubilizing coprecipitated metals. Metals in waste streams are concentrated by treatment with an iron oxide coprecipitating agent. The coprecipitated metals are solubilized by contacting the coprecipitate with a bacterial culture of a Clostridium species ATCC 53464. The remobilized metals can then be recovered and recycled. 4 figs.

Francis, A.J.; Dodge, C.J.

1994-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

454

The metal–insulator transition: a perspective  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...transition in condensed phases. Phys. Rev. B...M. J. 1982 The transition to the metallic...metalnon-metal transition in expanded metals...of electrons and ions in condensed matter...The metalnonmetal transition in disordered systems...1996c The changing phase of expanded metals...

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Metal sponge for cryosorption pumping applications  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A system has been developed for adsorbing gases at high vacuum in a closed area. The system utilizes large surface clean anodized metal surfaces at low temperatures to adsorb the gases. The large surface clean anodized metal is referred to as a metal sponge. The metal sponge generates or maintains the high vacuum by increasing the available active cryosorbing surface area. 4 figs.

Myneni, G.R.; Kneisel, P.

1995-12-26T23:59:59.000Z

456

OXFORD BIBLIOGRAPHIES IN ECOLOGY "HEAVY METAL TOLERANCE"  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

cellular mechanisms affected by heavy metals is Bánfalvi 2011. Pollution by heavy metals is an important environmental problem, and sources that focus on heavy metal pollution often contain information about heavyOXFORD BIBLIOGRAPHIES IN ECOLOGY "HEAVY METAL TOLERANCE" By Nishanta Rajakaruna and Robert S. Boyd

Rajakaruna, Nishanta

457

Metal salt catalysts for enhancing hydrogen spillover  

SciTech Connect

A composition for hydrogen storage includes a receptor, a hydrogen dissociating metal doped on the receptor, and a metal salt doped on the receptor. The hydrogen dissociating metal is configured to spill over hydrogen to the receptor, and the metal salt is configured to increase a rate of the spill over of the hydrogen to the receptor.

Yang, Ralph T; Wang, Yuhe

2013-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

458

Metal sponge for cryosorption pumping applications  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A system has been developed for adsorbing gases at high vacuum in a closed area. The system utilizes large surface clean anodized metal surfaces at low temperatures to adsorb the gases. The large surface clean anodized metal is referred to as a metal sponge. The metal sponge generates or maintains the high vacuum by increasing the available active cryosorbing surface area.

Myneni, Ganapati R. (Yorktown, VA); Kneisel, Peter (Williamsburg, VA)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Modal analysis and coupling in metal-insulator-metal waveguides  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper shows how to analyze plasmonic metal-insulator-metal waveguides using the full modal structure of these guides. The analysis applies to all frequencies, particularly including the near infrared and visible spectrum, and to a wide range of sizes, including nanometallic structures. We use the approach here specifically to analyze waveguide junctions. We show that the full modal structure of the metal-insulator-metal (MIM) waveguides—which consists of real and complex discrete eigenvalue spectra, as well as the continuous spectrum—forms a complete basis set. We provide the derivation of these modes using the techniques developed for Sturm-Liouville and generalized eigenvalue equations. We demonstrate the need to include all parts of the spectrum to have a complete set of basis vectors to describe scattering within MIM waveguides with the mode-matching technique. We numerically compare the mode-matching formulation with finite-difference frequency-domain analysis and find very good agreement between the two for modal scattering at symmetric MIM waveguide junctions. We touch upon the similarities between the underlying mathematical structure of the MIM waveguide and the PT symmetric quantum-mechanical pseudo-Hermitian Hamiltonians. The rich set of modes that the MIM waveguide supports forms a canonical example against which other more complicated geometries can be compared. Our work here encompasses the microwave results but extends also to waveguides with real metals even at infrared and optical frequencies.

?ükrü Ekin Kocaba?; Georgios Veronis; David A. B. Miller; Shanhui Fan

2009-01-26T23:59:59.000Z

460

Electron Spin Resonance in Metals and Metal-Ammonia Solutions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Electron spin resonance measurements have been made at 300 Mc/sec on frozen metal ammonia solutions, liquid metal ammonia solutions, and liquid metals. The experiments on frozen solutions have shown that the metal is precipitated out in small particles. Nuclear resonance experiments have corroborated this finding. The frozen solutions are used as a convenient source of small particles, and observations have been made of relaxation times in Na, Li, K, and Cs. Resonances in the liquid ammonia solutions of Li, Na, K, Rb, Cs, and Ca, and also in a solution of Li in methylamine were observed. The data are consistent with the theoretical model of Kraus, Ogg, and Kaplan and Kittel. Bulk metal resonances were observed to temperatures above the melting points on lithium and sodium. The results for sodium corroborate the Elliott theory of relaxation, and the lithium results indicate resistivity-dependent relaxation time. No resonance was observed in bulk K, Rb, and Cs carried to temperatures above their melting points.

R. A. Levy

1956-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "metal halide replacing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Alkali-metal-atom chemisorption onto a metal surface  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Recent theoretical and experimental work implies that an alkali-metal atom chemisorbed onto a metal surface can be viewed within a ‘‘dressed-atom’’ picture, i.e., as an atom whose wave functions are perturbed due to its interaction with the surrounding host lattice. This picture is similar to that used for a noble-gas atom physisorbed onto a metal surface. Such an approach utilizes the calculational method of the coupled–Hartree-Fock theory, and it is applied in the present work to the chemisorption of a potassium atom onto a semi-infinite Na(001) substrate. Results for the Hartree-Fock ground state of the chemisorbed K atom, its induced dipole moment, and induced splitting of its p-orbital states are calculated at various substrate-adatom separations. It has been found that the induced dipole moment exhibits a maximum in its absolute value as the metal-adatom separation changes; most of the contribution to the dipole moment is due to the 3s- and 4s-electron states, while the pz states have been found to be counterpolarized, i.e., they polarize toward the vacuum side. On the other hand, the calculated dipole moments of the adatom were found to be too small to account for the observed work-function changes during alkali-metal chemisorption on a mteal surface.

A. N. Andriotis

1990-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

462

Inert anode containing base metal and noble metal useful for the electrolytic production of aluminum  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An inert anode for production of metals such as aluminum is disclosed. The inert anode comprises a base metal selected from Cu and Ag, and at least one noble metal selected from Ag, Pd, Pt, Au, Rh, Ru, Ir and Os. The inert anode may optionally be formed of sintered particles having interior portions containing more base metal than noble metal and exterior portions containing more noble metal than base metal. In a preferred embodiment, the base metal comprises Cu, and the noble metal comprises Ag, Pd or a combination thereof.

Ray, Siba P. (Murrysville, PA); Liu, Xinghua (Monroeville, PA)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Adhesion, stability, and bonding at metal/metal-carbide interfaces: Al/WC Donald J. Siegel  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of adhesion between metals and transition metal carbides/nitrides based on Density Functional Theory(DFT)[14Adhesion, stability, and bonding at metal/metal-carbide interfaces: Al/WC Donald J. Siegel the nature of metal/carbide bonding. Based on the surface and interfacial free energies, we find that both

Adams, James B

464

Reversible photodeposition and dissolution of metal ions  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A cyclic photocatalytic process for treating waste water containing metal and organic contaminants. In one embodiment of the method, metal ions are photoreduced onto the photocatalyst and the metal concentrated by resolubilization in a smaller volume. In another embodiment of the method, contaminant organics are first oxidized, then metal ions removed by photoreductive deposition. The present invention allows the photocatalyst to be recycled until nearly complete removal of metal ions and organic contaminants is achieved.

Foster, Nancy S. (Boulder, CO); Koval, Carl A. (Golden, CO); Noble, Richard D. (Boulder, CO)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Coated Metal Articles and Method of Making  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The method of protectively coating metallic uranium which comprises dipping the metallic uranium in a molten alloy comprising about 20-75% of copper and about 80-25% of tin, dipping the coated uranium promptly into molten tin, withdrawing it from the molten tin and removing excess molten metal, thereupon dipping it into a molten metal bath comprising aluminum until it is coated with this metal, then promptly withdrawing it from the bath.

Boller, Ernest R.; Eubank, Lowell D.

2004-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

466

Semiconductor assisted metal deposition for nanolithography applications  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An article of manufacture and method of forming nanoparticle sized material components. A semiconductor oxide substrate includes nanoparticles of semiconductor oxide. A modifier is deposited onto the nanoparticles, and a source of metal ions are deposited in association with the semiconductor and the modifier, the modifier enabling electronic hole scavenging and chelation of the metal ions. The metal ions and modifier are illuminated to cause reduction of the metal ions to metal onto the semiconductor nanoparticles.

Rajh, Tijana (Naperville, IL); Meshkov, Natalia (Downers Grove, IL); Nedelijkovic, Jovan M. (Belgrade, YU); Skubal, Laura R. (West Brooklyn, IL); Tiede, David M. (Elmhurst, IL); Thurnauer, Marion (Downers Grove, IL)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Semiconductor assisted metal deposition for nanolithography applications  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An article of manufacture and method of forming nanoparticle sized material components. A semiconductor oxide substrate includes nanoparticles of semiconductor oxide. A modifier is deposited onto the nanoparticles, and a source of metal ions are deposited in association with the semiconductor and the modifier, the modifier enabling electronic hole scavenging and chelation of the metal ions. The metal ions and modifier are illuminated to cause reduction of the metal ions to metal onto the semiconductor nanoparticles.

Rajh, Tijana (Naperville, IL); Meshkov, Natalia (Downers Grove, IL); Nedelijkovic, Jovan M. (Belgrade, YU); Skubal, Laura R. (West Brooklyn, IL); Tiede, David M. (Elmhurst, IL); Thurnauer, Marion (Downers Grove, IL)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Microsoft Word - CX-Satsop-Aberdeen_Tower-Replacement_FY10_WEB.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

0 0 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEP-4 SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Erich Orth Project Manager - TEP-TPP-3 Proposed Action: Replacement of twenty 22-L structures on the Satsop-Aberdeen No. 2 230-kV Transmission Line PP&A Project No.: 1704 Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B1.3 Routine maintenance activities...for structures, rights-of-way, infrastructures such as roads, equipment... routine maintenance activities, corrective...are required to maintain...infrastructures...in a condition suitable for a facility to be used for its designated purpose. Location: The Project is located in Gray's Harbor County, Washington between the towns of Aberdeen and Central Park, Washington. The Project is located in the following sections:

469

Microsoft Word - CX-FY11PascoDistrictWoodPoleReplacement_WEB.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1, 2011 1, 2011 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEPR-PASCO SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Toby Cossairt Lineman Foreman III - TFPF-PASCO Proposed Action: Wood pole replacement and minor access road maintenance along various transmission line rights-of-way (ROW) in the Pasco District. The following lines will have pole change-outs in 2011: Benton-Scooteney #1, Benton-Othello #1, Franklin-Hedges #1, Franklin-Walla Walla #1, Grandview-Red Mountain #1, Franklin-Badger Canyon #2, Kennewick Tap to Franklin- Badger Canyon #2, McNary-Franklin #2, and White Bluffs-Richland #1. Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B1.3 Routine maintenance activities...for structures, rights-of-way, infrastructures such as roads,

470

Replaces EIA-459F All Other Editions Are Obsolete OMB Control No.  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

6 6 (10-94) Replaces EIA-459F All Other Editions Are Obsolete OMB Control No. 1910-0400 U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY FEDERAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAM/PROJECT STATUS REPORT Public reporting burden for this collection of information is estimated to average 47.5 hours per response, including the time for reviewing instructions, search- ing existing data sources, gathering and maintaining the data needed, and completing and reviewing the collection of information. Send comments regarding this burden estimate or any other aspect of this collection of information, including suggestions for reducing this burden, to Office of Information Resources Management Policy, Plans, and Oversight, Records Management Division, HR-422 - GTN, Paperwork Reduction Project (1910-0400), U.S. Department of

471

Replaces EIA-459B U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY FEDERAL ASSISTANCE MILESTONE PLAN  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

(03-94) Replaces EIA-459B U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY FEDERAL ASSISTANCE MILESTONE PLAN OMB Control No. 1910-0400 Public reporting burden for this collection of information is estimated to average 1 hour per response, including the time for reviewing instructions, searching existing data sources, gathering and maintaining the data needed, and completing and reviewing the collection of information. Send comments regarding this burden estimate or any other aspect of this collection of information, including suggestions for reducing this burden, to Office of Information Resources Management Policy, Plans, and Oversight, Records Management Division, HR-422 - GTN, Paperwork Reduction Project (1910-0400), U.S. Department of Energy, 1000 Independence Avenue, S.W., Washington, DC 20585; and to the Office of Management and Budget (OMB), Paperwork Reduction Project (1910-0400), Washington, DC 20503.

472

Microsoft Word - CX-KalispellTLMDistrictFY11WoodPoleReplacement_WEB.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Cleareance Memorandum Cleareance Memorandum Michael Stolfus Lineman Foreman III - TFKF-Kalispell Kurt Marsh Lineman Foreman I - TFKF-Kalispell Proposed Action: Wood pole replacement and minor access road maintenance along various transmission line rights-of-way in Bonneville Power Administration's (BPA) Kalispell District. PP&A Project No: 1839 (Garrison-Anaconda #1), 1840 (Hot Springs-Rattlesnake #1), 1841 (Rattlesnake-Garrison #1), 1842 (Columbia Falls-Kalispell #1), 1843 (Kalispell-Kerr #1), 1844 (Libby-Bonners Ferry #1), 1845 (Columbia Falls-Trego #1) Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B1.3 Routine maintenance activities...for structures, rights of way, infrastructures such as roads, equipment... routine maintenance activities, corrective....are required to maintain...infrastructures...in a

473

DOEEA-1178 Assessment 300 Area Steam Plant Replacement, Hanford Site, Richland, Washington  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

8 8 Assessment 300 Area Steam Plant Replacement, Hanford Site, Richland, Washington U.S. Department of Energy Washington, D.C. March 1997 , DISCLAIMER This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, make any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liabili- ty or mponsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, appa- ratus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or s e m ' c e by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise does not necessarily constitute or

474

Microsoft Word - CX-PascoDistrictPoleReplacement_FY13_WEB.docx  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3 3 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEPR/Pasco SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Greg Wilfong Lineman Foreman III - TFPF-PASCO Proposed Action: Wood pole replacement and minor access road maintenance along the Franklin-Badger Canyon #2 and Walla Walla-Pendleton #1 transmission line rights-of-way in the Pasco District. PP&A Project No.: 2655 Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B1.3 Routine maintenance activities Location: Franklin-Badger Canyon #2 and Walla Walla-Pendleton #1 transmission lines located within the Pasco District. See table below for structure locations on the corresponding transmission lines: Transmission Line/ROW Structure # Township Range Section County, State Franklin-Badger Canyon

475

Microsoft Word - CX-Drummond-MacksInn_WoodPoleReplacementFY12_WEB.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

10, 2012 10, 2012 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEP-CELILO SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Mark Hadley Lineman Foreman III - TFIF-Idaho Falls Proposed Action: Wood pole replacements along the Drummond-Macks Inn, Macks Inn- Madison, and Targhee Tap 115-kV transmission line rights-of-way. PP&A Project Number: 2191 Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B1.3 Routine maintenance activities... Location: The project area is located in Bonneville Power Administration's (BPA) Idaho Falls District. Project locations are listed below: Project Location Township Range Section(s) County Line Name Structures Use Ownership 4N 45E 11 Teton Targhee Tap 8/8 Agriculture Private 14N 44E 22 Fremont Macks Inn- Madison

476

Microsoft Word - CX-WenatcheeDistrictPoleReplacementFY13_WEB.docx  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2, 2013 2, 2013 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEPR/Pasco SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Joseph Lauer Lineman Foreman III - TFWF-SCHULTZ Proposed Action: Wood pole replacement and minor access road maintenance along various transmission line right-of-ways in Bonneville Power Administration's (BPA) Wenatchee District. The following lines will have pole change-outs in 2013: Grandview-Red Mountain #1 and Columbia-Valhalla #2. PP&A Project No.: 2604 Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B1.3 Routine maintenance activities. Location: Various transmission lines located within the Wenatchee District. See Project Location Attachment for structure locations and corresponding transmission lines.

477

Replaces DOE F 3530.1 5. HOW LONG IN PRESENT POSITION GRADE  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

50.2 50.2 (07-95) Replaces DOE F 3530.1 5. HOW LONG IN PRESENT POSITION GRADE 6. DATE NEXT REGULAR STEP INCREASE IS DUE: 7. LIST ANY AWARDS OR QUALITY INCREASES RECEIVED IN LAST 5 YEARS (Date and kind of award) ATTACH A COMPLETED SF-52, "REQUEST FOR PERSONNEL ACTION," AND A COPY OF THE EMPLOYEE'S CURRENT RATING OF RECORD AS DOCUMENTATION THAT PERFORMANCE HAS MET ALL THE REQUIREMENTS FOR AN OUTSTANDING RATING. NAME AND TITLE OF NOMINATING OFFICIAL (Employee's immediate supervisor) 1. NAME OF NOMINEE 3. ORGANIZATION LOCATION OF POSITION 2. POSITION TITLE, GRADE AND STEP 4. RECOMMENDATION COVERS SERVICE FROM (DATE): TO: SIGNATURE DATE NAME AND TITLE OF REVIEWING OFFICIAL (If required by organization)

478

Microsoft Word - CX-EllensburgTLMDistrictFY11WoodPoleReplacement_WEB.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Clearance Memorandum Clearance Memorandum Terry Kugler Lineman Foreman III - TFWF-Schultz Joe Lauer Line Foreman I - TFWF-Schultz Proposed Action: Wood pole replacement and minor access road maintenance along portions of the Columbia-Valhalla #1 and #2 transmission line rights-of-way. PP&A Project No: 1851 (Columbia-Valhalla #1), 1852 (Columbia-Valhalla #2) Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B1.3 Routine maintenance activities...for structures, rights of way, infrastructures such as roads, equipment... routine maintenance activities, corrective....are required to maintain...infrastructures...in a condition suitable for a facility to be used for its designed purpose. Location: The project area is located in Douglas and Chelan counties, Washington. Project

479

Microsoft Word - CX-FY11WenatcheeDistrictWoodPoleReplacement_WEB.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

4, 2011 4, 2011 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEPR-PASCO SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Terry Kugler Lineman Foreman III - TFWF-SCHULTZ Proposed Action: Wood pole replacement and minor access road maintenance along various transmission line rights-of-way (ROW) in the Wenatchee District. The following lines will have pole change-outs in 2011: Chandler Tap, Grandview-Red Mt. #1 and Midway-Moxee #1. Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B1.3 Routine maintenance activities...for structures, rights-of-way, infrastructures such as roads, equipment... routine maintenance activities, corrective....are required to maintain... infrastructures...in a condition suitable for a facility to be used for its designed purpose.

480

Microsoft Word - CX-FY10_Kalispell_District_Wood_Pole_Replacement_WEB.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

6, 2010 6, 2010 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEPR-Bell-1 SUBJECT: Environmental Cleareance Memorandum Michael Stolfus Lineman Foreman III - TFKF-Kalispell Proposed Action: Wood pole replacement and minor access road maintenance along various transmission line right-of-ways in the Kalispell District PP&A Project No: 1536 (Columbia Falls-Kalispell #1), 1537 (Anaconda-Silver Bow #1), 1538 (Columbia Falls-Trego #1), 1541 (Libby-Bonners Ferry #1), 1542 (Rattlesnake-Garrison #1) Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B1.3 Routine maintenance activities...for structures, rights-of-way, infrastructures such as roads, equipment... routine maintenance activities, corrective....are required to maintain...infrastructures...in a

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "metal halide replacing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Microsoft Word - CX-SpokaneDistrictWoodPoleReplacementsFY13_WEB.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1, 2013 1, 2013 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEPR-Bell-1 SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Amanda Williams Project Manager - TEP-TPP-1 Proposed Action: 2013 Spokane District Wood Pole Replacement Projects PP&A Project No.: 2131 (Albeni Falls-Sand Creek No. 1), 2132 (Bronx-Sand Creek No. 1), 2492 (Albeni Falls-Pine Street No. 1), 2133 (Bell-Boundary No. 3), 2134 (Bell-Addy No. 1), 2135 (Bell-Trentwood No. 1), 2136 (Bell-Trentwood No. 2), 2137 (Libby-Bonners Ferry No. 1), 2493 (Boundary-Nelway #1), 2494 (Colville-Boundary #1), 1547 (Four Lakes Tap), 2138 (Green Bluff Tap), 2495 (Sand Creek-Bonners Ferry No. 1 and No. 2), and 1929 (Spirit Tap) Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B1.3 Routine maintenance

482

Microsoft Word - CX-Minidoka-Unity_Wood PoleReplacementFY12_WEB.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

, 2012 , 2012 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEP-CELILO SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Mark Hadley Lineman Foreman III - TFIF-Idaho Falls Proposed Action: Wood pole replacement along the Minidoka Power House-Unity No. 1 and Unity-Heyburn No. 1, 138-kV transmission line rights-of-way. PP&A Project No.: 2192 Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B1.3 Routine maintenance activities...for structures, rights-of-way, infrastructures such as roads, equipment... routine maintenance activities, corrective....are required to maintain... infrastructures...in a condition suitable for a facility to be used for its designated purpose. Location: The project area is located in Cassia County, Idaho, in Bonneville Power

483

Building America Top Innovations 2013 Profile Â… Window Replacement, Rehabilitation, & Repair Guide  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

are also discussed. are also discussed. Water infiltration is dealt with at considerable length because windows are one of the likeliest components in the building structure for water entry and because water intrusion and resultant damage may have gone on unnoticed for some time as water can enter the wall cavity through and around the window assembly. Suggestions for investigating sources of water intrusion are provided. The condition of the decorative trim around the window can be an indication of water damage but deterioration of the trim is typically an aesthetic problem not a performance problem. However, if the window sill is damaged, it should be replaced because it is the means by which water will drain out away from the house or, incorrectly, into the wall. Damaged or deteriorating window sashes, frames, or casings

484

PacifiCorp New Amended RFP Replacing May 2001, Issued Aug. 23, 2001  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

PacifiCorp PacifiCorp REQUEST FOR PROPOSAL FOR TRADABLE RENEWABLE CREDITS (GREEN TAGS, as defined herein) AND ASSOCIATED RETAIL MARKETING FOR OREGON PORTFOLIO BLENDED RENEWABLE AND/OR HABITAT MITIGATION OPTIONS NEW AMENDED RFP REPLACING MAY 2001 GREEN TAGS ONLY RFP ISSUE DATE: August 23, 2001 DUE DATE: At or before 2 p.m. PDT on Thursday, September 20, 2001 CONTACT: Roby Roberts PacifiCorp 825 NE Multnomah Avenue, Suite 600 Portland, Oregon 97232 503 813 - 5975 voice 503 813 - 6260 fax roby.roberts@pacificorp.com PacifiCorp Marketing and Green Tags RFP New Amended RFP August 23, 2001 Page 2 TABLE OF CONTENTS Section * REQUEST FOR PROPOSALS 1 * GENERAL PROCEDURES 2 * DEFINITIONS 3 * SCHEDULE 4 * EVALUATION 5 * DETAILED PROPOSAL REQUIREMENTS 6 * CONTENT OF RESPONSE 7 * DISCUSSIONS AND RIGHT TO REJECT PROPOSALS

485

Microsoft Word - CX-Drummond-MacksInn-WoodPoleReplacementFY13_WEB.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

29, 2012 29, 2012 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEP-CELILO SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Mark Hadley Lineman Foreman III - TFIF-Idaho Falls Proposed Action: Wood pole replacements along the Drummond-Macks Inn, Macks Inn- Madison, and Swan Valley-Teton 115-kilovolt (kV) transmission line rights-of-way. PP&A Project Number: 2486 Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B1.3 Routine maintenance activities Location: The project area is located in Bonneville Power Administration's (BPA) Idaho Falls District. Project locations are listed below: Project Location Township Range Section(s) County Line Name Structures Use Ownership 3N 44E 28 Teton Swan Valley - Teton 10/6 Forest Forest Service 14S 5E 19 Fremont

486

Replaces EIA-459C All Other Editions Are Obsolete OMB Control No.  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

4600.4 4600.4 (04-94) Replaces EIA-459C All Other Editions Are Obsolete OMB Control No. 1910-0400 U.S. Department of Energy Federal Assistance Budget Information Public reporting burden for this collection of information is estimated to average 1.87 hours per response, including the time for reviewing instructions, searching existing data sources, gathering and maintaining the data needed, and completing and reviewing the collection of information. Send comments regarding this burden estimate or any other aspect of this collection of information, including suggestions for reducing this burden, to Office of Information Resources Management Policy, Plans, and Oversight, Records Management Division, HR-422 - GTN, Paperwork Reduction Project (1910-0400), U.S. Department of Energy, 1000 Independence Avenue, S.W., Washington, DC 20585; and to the Office of Management and Budget (OMB), Paperwork

487

The Savannah River Site Replacement High Level Radioactive Waste Evaporator Project  

SciTech Connect

The Replacement High Level Waste Evaporator Project was conceived in 1985 to reduce the volume of the high level radioactive waste Process of the high level waste has been accomplished up to this time using Bent Tube type evaporators and therefore, that type evaporator was selected for this project. The Title I Design of the project was 70% completed in late 1990. The Department of Energy at that time hired an independent consulting firm to perform a complete review of the project. The DOE placed a STOP ORDER on purchasing the evaporator in January 1991. Essentially, no construction was to be done on this project until all findings and concerns dealing with the type and design of the evaporator are resolved. This report addresses two aspects of the DOE design review; (1) Comparing the Bent Tube Evaporator with the Forced Circulation Evaporator, (2) The design portion of the DOE Project Review - concentrated on the mechanical design properties of the evaporator. 1 ref.

Presgrove, S.B. (Bechtel Savannah River, Inc., North Augusta, SC (United States))

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

The Savannah River Site Replacement High Level Radioactive Waste Evaporator Project  

SciTech Connect

The Replacement High Level Waste Evaporator Project was conceived in 1985 to reduce the volume of the high level radioactive waste Process of the high level waste has been accomplished up to this time using Bent Tube type evaporators and therefore, that type evaporator was selected for this project. The Title I Design of the project was 70% completed in late 1990. The Department of Energy at that time hired an independent consulting firm to perform a complete review of the project. The DOE placed a STOP ORDER on purchasing the evaporator in January 1991. Essentially, no construction was to be done on this project until all findings and concerns dealing with the type and design of the evaporator are resolved. This report addresses two aspects of the DOE design review; (1) Comparing the Bent Tube Evaporator with the Forced Circulation Evaporator, (2) The design portion of the DOE Project Review - concentrated on the mechanical design properties of the evaporator. 1 ref.

Presgrove, S.B. [Bechtel Savannah River, Inc., North Augusta, SC (United States)

1992-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

Replacing Resistance Heating with Mini-Split Heat Pumps, Sharon, Connecticut (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

Mini-split heat pumps can provide space heating and cooling in many climates and are relatively affordable. These and other features make them potentially suitable for retrofitting into multifamily buildings in cold climates to replace electric resistance heating or other outmoded heating systems. This report investigates the suitability of mini-split heat pumps for multifamily retrofits. Various technical and regulatory barriers are discussed and modeling was performed to compare long-term costs of substituting mini-splits for a variety of other heating and cooling options. A number of utility programs have retrofit mini-splits in both single family and multifamily residences. Two such multifamily programs are discussed in detail.

Not Available

2014-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

Preliminary Investigation of the Thermal Decomposition of Ablefoam and EF-AR20 Foam (Ablefoam Replacement)  

SciTech Connect

Preliminary thermal decomposition experiments with Ablefoam and EF-AR20 foam (Ablefoam replacement) were done to determine the important chemical and associated physical phenomena that should be investigated to develop the foam decomposition chemistry sub-models that are required in numerical simulations of the fire-induced response of foam-filled engineered systems for nuclear safety applications. Although the two epoxy foams are physically and chemically similar, the thermal decomposition of each foam involves different chemical mechanisms, and the associated physical behavior of the foams, particularly ''foaming'' and ''liquefaction,'' have significant implications for modeling. A simplified decomposition chemistry sub-model is suggested that, subject to certain caveats, may be appropriate for ''scoping-type'' calculations.

ULIBARRI, TAMARA A.; DERZON, DORA K.; ERICKSON, KENNETH L.; CASTANEDA, JAIME N.; BOREK III, THEODORE T.; RENLUND, ANITA M.; MILLER, JILL C.; CLAYTON, DANIEL; FLETCHER, THOMAS H.

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

Development and Characterization of a New Epoxy Foam Encapsulant as an Ablefoam Replacement  

SciTech Connect

A new epoxy foam encapsulant, EF-ARIO/20, has been developed at Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) as a replacement for Ablefoam", an epoxy foam encapsulant used in the W76 Arming, Fusing, and Firing (Al%@) system. Since it contained toxic ingredients including a known carcinogen, Ablefoarn" is no longer commercially available. It has been demonstrated by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) that the microstructure of the new epoxy foam is similar to that of Ablefoam@. Mechanical properties of tensile and compressive strength, and tensile and compressive modulus, and thermal properties of glass transition temperature (.TJ, and coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE) have been measured for the new foam. Electrical properties of dielectric constant, dissipation factors, volume resistivity, and dielectric strength were also measured. These property measurements are comparable to those of Ablefoam@. Development and characterization of the new foam will be discusse~ and a comparison of mechanical, thermal, and electrical properties for the new epoxy foam and Ablefoam@ will be reported.

Rand, P.B.; Russick, E.M.

1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

Building America Top Innovations 2013 Profile Â… Window Replacement, Rehabilitation, & Repair Guide  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

such as working on scaffolding are also discussed. such as working on scaffolding are also discussed. Water infiltration is dealt with at considerable length because windows are one of the likeliest components in the building structure for water entry and because water intrusion and resultant damage may have gone on unnoticed for some time as water can enter the wall cavity through and around the window assembly. Suggestions for investigating sources of water intrusion are provided. The condition of the decorative trim around the window can be an indication of water damage but deterioration of the trim is typically an aesthetic problem not a performance problem. However, if the window sill is damaged, it should be replaced because it is the means by which water will drain out away from the house or,

493

Overcoming restriction as a barrier to DNA transformation in Caldicellulosiruptor species results in efficient marker replacement  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Overcoming Overcoming restriction as a barrier to DNA transformation in Caldicellulosiruptor species results in efficient marker replacement Daehwan Chung 1,2 , Joel Farkas 1,2 and Janet Westpheling 1,2* Abstract Background: Thermophilic microorganisms have special advantages for the conversion of plant biomass to fuels and chemicals. Members of the genus Caldicellulosiruptor are the most thermophilic cellulolytic bacteria known. They have the ability to grow on a variety of non-pretreated biomass substrates at or near ~80°C and hold promise for converting biomass to bioproducts in a single step. As for all such relatively uncharacterized organisms with desirable traits, the ability to genetically manipulate them is a prerequisite for making them useful. Metabolic engineering of pathways for product synthesis is relatively simple compared to engineering the ability to utilize

494

Electronic Structure of Noble-Metal-Noble-Metal Alloys  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We describe optical studies of dilute noble-metal-noble-metal alloys. A differential technique compared the reflectance of the alloy with the reflectance of the pure metal and measured a quantity proportional to just the difference in reflectance. The method was particularly sensitive to small changes in reflectances and could be used to study very dilute alloys-the alloys here were between 110- and 3-at.% impurity concentration. The measurements indicated that the noble alloys are of two types. In copper-gold and silver-gold alloys the electron energy bands shift smoothly as the concentration varies. The rates and directions of shifts are determined not only by differences in the host and impurity potentials, but also by the changes in lattice constant, and we emphasize the importance of the latter. In contrast, in copper-silver alloys separate host and impurity d bands are formed.

David Beaglehole and Erich Erlbach

1972-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

495

Electron transport through a metal-molecule-metal junction  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Molecules of bisthiolterthiophene have been adsorbed on the two facing gold electrodes of a mechanically controllable break junction in order to form metal-molecule(s)-metal junctions. Current-voltage (I-V) characteristics have been recorded at room temperature. Zero bias conductances were measured in the 10–100 nS range and different kinds of nonlinear I-V curves with steplike features were reproducibly obtained. Switching between different kinds of I-V curves could be induced by varying the distance between the two metallic electrodes. The experimental results are discussed within the framework of tunneling transport models explicitly taking into account the discrete nature of the electronic spectrum of the molecule.

C. Kergueris; J.-P. Bourgoin; S. Palacin; D. Esteve; C. Urbina; M. Magoga; C. Joachim

1999-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

496

Cold nuclear fusion in metallic hydrogen and normal metals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The rate of nuclear fusion from tunneling in very dense metallic hydrogen in the core of Jupiter is calculated to be 10-50 per hydrogen-deuterium pair per second. It is estimated that the width of the fusion barrier for deuterium in palladium or a similar metal must be reduced to, of order, 0.1 A? for the fusion rate to be 10-25 per deuterium per second. If this scale is achieved, the ratios of various nuclear reaction rates will be very different for cold versus thermonuclear fusion.

Charles J. Horowitz

1989-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

Electron-electron scattering in metal-insulator-metal sandwiches  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We have studied weak localization and electron-electron interaction effects in samples consisting of two thin metal films separated by an insulating layer of SiO. When the SiO thickness was less than about 200 Ĺ, the electron-electron scattering rate was enhanced with respect to that found in isolated, i.e., well-separated, films. This suggests that in the sandwich structures, electrons in one metal film are able to ‘‘communicate’’ with, i.e., scatter from, electrons in the other film across distances of order 200 Ĺ, and that this process enhances the phase-breaking rate.

N. Giordano and N. R. Dilley

1993-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

498

Semiconductor-To-Metal Transitions in Transition-Metal Compounds  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The theory presented in a previous paper is applied to the transition-metal compounds which are known to exhibit semiconductor-to-metal transitions. In particular, the predictions of the theory are compared with the experimental results of Feinleib and Paul on V2O3. Very good agreement is obtained for the magnitude of the energy gap and for its pressure and stress coefficients. The theory appears to be consistent with the available data on the other oxides of vanadium and titanium as well. Band models for all of these compounds are suggested. The effects of spin-disorder scattering and broadening, polaron formation, and non-stoichiometry are considered quantitatively.

David Adler; Julius Feinleib; Harvey Brooks; William Paul

1967-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

499

TVA - Energy Right Solutions for Business | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Heat Pumps Heat Pumps Commercial Lighting Lighting Manufacturing Maximum Rebate Prescriptive Measures: $200,000 or 70% of cost per facility per year Custom Projects: 70% of cost Program Info Funding Source The Tennessee Valley Authority Start Date July 2010 State Kentucky Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Air Conditioners and Heat Pumps: $40/ton Motors: $10-$300/motor Commercial Dishwashers: $400-$1500/unit Refrigerator w/ Glass Door: $60-$100 Ice Machines: $100-$400 Insulated Holding Cabinets: $250-$600 Steam Cookers: $400 Convection Oven: $200 Griddle: $200 Combination Oven: $2000 T8 Replacing T8: $2-$12.50/fixture T8 Replacing T12: $3-$34/fixture T5/T8 Replacing HID: $20-$100/fixture Ceramic/Pulse Start Metal Halide Replacing HID: $13-$30/fixture Custom Lighting and HVAC: $200/summer peak kW reduced

500

TVA - Energy Right Solutions for Business | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Heat Pumps Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Manufacturing Maximum Rebate Prescriptive Measures: $200,000 or 70% of cost per facility per year Custom Projects: 70% of cost Program Info Start Date July 2010 State Mississippi Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Air Conditioners and Heat Pumps: $40/ton Motors: $10-$300/motor Commercial Dishwashers: $400-$1500/unit Refrigerator w/ Glass Door: $60-$100 Ice Machines: $100-$400 Insulated Holding Cabinets: $250-$600 Steam Cookers: $400 Convection Oven: $200 Griddle: $200 Combination Oven: $2000 T8 Replacing T8: $2-$12.50/fixture T8 Replacing T12: $3-$34/fixture T5/T8 Replacing HID: $20-$100/fixture Ceramic/Pulse Start Metal Halide Replacing HID: $13-$30/fixture Custom Lighting and HVAC: $200/summer peak kW reduced