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Rotational and divergent kinetic energy in the mesoscale model ALADIN  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Rotational and divergent kinetic energy in the mesoscale model ALADIN By V. BLAZ ICA1 *, N. Z AGAR1 received 7 June 2012; in final form 7 March 2013) ABSTRACT Kinetic energy spectra from the mesoscale. It is shown that about 50% of kinetic energy in the free troposphere in ALADIN is divergent energy

Zagar, Nedjeljka


Modeling the Atmospheric Boundary Layer Wind Response to Mesoscale Sea Surface Temperature Perturbations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The wind speed response to mesoscale SST variability is investigated over the Agulhas Return Current region of the Southern Ocean using the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) Model and the U.S. Navy Coupled Ocean–Atmosphere Mesoscale ...

Natalie Perlin; Simon P. de Szoeke; Dudley B. Chelton; Roger M. Samelson; Eric D. Skyllingstad; Larry W. O’Neill




E-Print Network (OSTI)

MESOSCALE MODELLING OF WIND ENERGY OVER NON-HOMOGENEOUS TERRAIN (ReviewArticle) Y. MAHRER.1. OBSERVATIONALAPPROACHES Evaluations of wind energy based on wind observations (usually surface winds) at well, the resolution of the wind energy pattern throughout an extended area by this methodology requires a large number

Pielke, Roger A.



E-Print Network (OSTI)

WIND ATLAS FOR EGYPT: MEASUREMENTS, MICRO- AND MESOSCALE MODELLING Niels G. Mortensen1 , Jens Energy Authority, Cairo, Egypt Ahmed El Sayed Yousef, Adel Mahmoud Awad, Mahmoud Abd-El Raheem Ahmed Meteorological Authority, Cairo, Egypt ABSTRACT The results of a comprehensive, 8-year wind resource assessment


Mesoscale Modeling of LX-17 Under Isentropic Compression  

SciTech Connect

Mesoscale simulations of LX-17 incorporating different equilibrium mixture models were used to investigate the unreacted equation-of-state (UEOS) of TATB. Candidate TATB UEOS were calculated using the equilibrium mixture models and benchmarked with mesoscale simulations of isentropic compression experiments (ICE). X-ray computed tomography (XRCT) data provided the basis for initializing the simulations with realistic microstructural details. Three equilibrium mixture models were used in this study. The single constituent with conservation equations (SCCE) model was based on a mass-fraction weighted specific volume and the conservation of mass, momentum, and energy. The single constituent equation-of-state (SCEOS) model was based on a mass-fraction weighted specific volume and the equation-of-state of the constituents. The kinetic energy averaging (KEA) model was based on a mass-fraction weighted particle velocity mixture rule and the conservation equations. The SCEOS model yielded the stiffest TATB EOS (0.121{micro} + 0.4958{micro}{sup 2} + 2.0473{micro}{sup 3}) and, when incorporated in mesoscale simulations of the ICE, demonstrated the best agreement with VISAR velocity data for both specimen thicknesses. The SCCE model yielded a relatively more compliant EOS (0.1999{micro}-0.6967{micro}{sup 2} + 4.9546{micro}{sup 3}) and the KEA model yielded the most compliant EOS (0.1999{micro}-0.6967{micro}{sup 2}+4.9546{micro}{sup 3}) of all the equilibrium mixture models. Mesoscale simulations with the lower density TATB adiabatic EOS data demonstrated the least agreement with VISAR velocity data.

Springer, H K; Willey, T M; Friedman, G; Fried, L E; Vandersall, K S; Baer, M R



Simulating Typhoon Floods with Gauge Data and Mesoscale-Modeled Rainfall in a Mountainous Watershed  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A physically based distributed hydrological model was applied to simulate typhoon floods over a mountainous watershed in Taiwan. The meteorological forcings include the observed gauge rainfall data and the predicted rainfall data from a mesoscale ...

Ming-Hsu Li; Ming-Jen Yang; Ruitang Soong; Hsiao-Ling Huang



Impacts on ocean heat from transient mesoscale eddies in a hierarchy of climate models  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We characterize impacts on heat in the ocean climate system from transient ocean mesoscale eddies. Our tool is a suite of centennial-scale 1990 radiatively forced numerical climate simulations from three GFDL coupled models comprising the CM2-O ...

Stephen M. Griffies; Michael Winton; Whit G. Anderson; Rusty Benson; Thomas L. Delworth; Carolina O. Dufour; John P. Dunne; Paul Goddard; Adele k. Morrison; Anthony Rosati; Andrew T. Wittenberg; Jianjun Yin; Rong Zhang


Solar Radiation Estimated Through Mesoscale Atmospheric Modeling over Northeast Brazil  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The use of renewable energy sources like solar wind and biomass is rapidly increasing in recent years with solar radiation as a particularly abundant energy source over Northeast Brazil. A proper quantitative knowledge of the incoming solar radiation is of great importance for energy planning in Brazil serving as basis for developing future projects of photovoltaic power plants and solar energy exploitation. This work presents a methodology for mapping the incoming solar radiation at ground level for Northeast Brazil using a mesoscale atmospheric model (Regional Atmospheric Modeling System—RAMS) calibrated and validated using data from the network of automatic surface stations from the State Foundation for Meteorology and Water Resources from Ceará (Fundação Cearense de Meteorologia e Recursos Hídricos? FUNCEME). The results showed that the model exhibits systematic errors overestimating surface radiation but that after the proper statistical corrections using a relationship between the model?predicted cloud fraction the ground?level observed solar radiation and the incoming solar radiation estimated at the top of the atmosphere a correlation of 0.92 with a confidence interval of 13.5? W / m 2 is found for monthly data. Using this methodology we found an estimate for annual average incoming solar radiation over Ceará of 215? W / m 2 (maximum in October: 260? W / m 2 ).

Otacilio Leandro de Menezes Neto; Alexandre Araújo Costa; Fernando Pinto Ramalho; Paulo Henrique Santiago de Maria



Heuristic correction of wind speed mesoscale models simulations for wind farms prospecting and micrositing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The distribution of surface-level wind speeds over a given area is important information that is related to several processes in wind farm prospecting, design and micrositing. This information is often obtained from simulations using mesoscale models that take variables from global models as starting points. Improved outputs from mesoscale models can lead to reduced error compared to real wind speeds in the study area if in situ wind speed measurements are available. In this paper, we present several techniques to correct surface wind speed simulations from mesoscale models using data from measuring stations in wind farms. Specifically, we propose different heuristic corrections of the outputs from mesoscale models by means of surface fitting between the Weibull parameters of the wind speed series (from the mesoscale model) and those from the measuring stations (real wind speed) in the wind farm. The proposed methodology has direct applications in wind farm design, site prospection and micrositing. The good performance of our method is evident in the more accurate surface wind speeds obtained from mesoscale models in two wind farm prospection sites in Spain, where several measuring towers are installed.

B. Saavedra-Moreno; S. Salcedo-Sanz; C. Casanova-Mateo; J.A. Portilla-Figueras; L. Prieto



Spatial-temporal mesoscale modelling of rainfall intensity using gage and radar data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Spatial-temporal mesoscale modelling of rainfall intensity using gage and radar data Montserrat fields. Doppler radar data offer better spatial and temporal coverage, but Doppler radar measures values. We use spatial logistic regression to model the probability of rain for both sources of data

Reich, Brian J.


Modeling the Atmospheric Boundary Layer Wind Response to Mesoscale Sea Surface Temperature  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(WRF) and COAMPS atmospheric models. The SST-induced wind response is assessed from eight simulations of the surface wind relative to the SST gradient. #12;3 1. Introduction Positive correlations of local surfaceModeling the Atmospheric Boundary Layer Wind Response to Mesoscale Sea Surface Temperature Natalie

Kurapov, Alexander


Coupling a Mesoscale Numerical Weather Prediction Model with Large-Eddy Simulation for Realistic Wind Plant Aerodynamics Simulations (Poster)  

SciTech Connect

Wind plant aerodynamics are influenced by a combination of microscale and mesoscale phenomena. Incorporating mesoscale atmospheric forcing (e.g., diurnal cycles and frontal passages) into wind plant simulations can lead to a more accurate representation of microscale flows, aerodynamics, and wind turbine/plant performance. Our goal is to couple a numerical weather prediction model that can represent mesoscale flow [specifically the Weather Research and Forecasting model] with a microscale LES model (OpenFOAM) that can predict microscale turbulence and wake losses.

Draxl, C.; Churchfield, M.; Mirocha, J.; Lee, S.; Lundquist, J.; Michalakes, J.; Moriarty, P.; Purkayastha, A.; Sprague, M.; Vanderwende, B.



A Climatological Study of Boundary Layer Wind Speed Using a Meso-?-Scale Higher-Order Closure Model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A mesoscale higher-order closure atmospheric boundary layer model has been used to get more detailed information than is possible from observations regarding horizontal and vertical variations of the wind in an area in southeastern Sweden. To ...

Hans Bergström



Resolved Turbulence Characteristics in Large-Eddy Simulations Nested within Mesoscale Simulations Using the Weather Research and Forecasting Model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

One-way concurrent nesting within the Weather Research and Forecasting Model (WRF) is examined for conducting large-eddy simulations (LES) nested within mesoscale simulations. Wind speed, spectra, and resolved turbulent stresses and turbulence ...

Jeff Mirocha; Branko Kosovi?; Gokhan Kirkil



Tests of an Ensemble Kalman Filter for Mesoscale and Regional-Scale Data Assimilation. Part II: Imperfect Model Experiments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

degraded). As in Part I, where the perfect model assumption was utilized, most analysis error reduction of significant model errors due to physical parameterizations by assimilating synthetic sounding and surfaceTests of an Ensemble Kalman Filter for Mesoscale and Regional-Scale Data Assimilation. Part II

Meng, Zhiyong


Cloud shading retrieval and assimilation in a satellite-model coupled mesoscale analysis system  

SciTech Connect

A retrieval-assimilation method has been developed as a quantitative means to exploit the information in satellite imagery regarding shading of the ground by clouds, as applied to mesoscale weather analysis. Cloud radiative parameters are retrieved from satellite visible image data and used, along with parameters computed by a numerical model, to control the model's computation of downward radiative fluxes at the ground. These fluxes influence the analysis of ground surface temperatures under clouds. The method is part of a satellite-model coupled four-dimensional analysis system that merges information from visible image data in cloudy areas with infrared sounder data in clear areas, where retrievals of surface temperatures and water vapor concentrations are assimilated. The substantial impact of shading on boundary-layer development and mesoscale circulations was demonstrated in simulations, and the value of assimilating shading retrievals was demonstrated with a case study and with a simulated analysis that included the effects of several potential sources of error. The case study was performed in the northwestern Texas area, where convective cloud development was influenced by the shading effects of a persistent region of stratiform cloud cover. Analyses that included shading retrieval assimilation had consistently smaller shelter-height temperature errors than analyses without shading retrievals. When clear-area surface temperature retrievals from sounder data were analyzed along with cloudy-area shading retrievals, the contrast in heating between the shaded and clear parts of the domain led to large variations in analyzed boundary-layer depths and had a modest impact on analyzed wind flow. The analyzed locations of upward vertical motion corresponded roughly to areas of convective cloud development observed in satellite imagery. 29 refs., 17 figs., 2 tabs.

Lipton, A.E. (Phillips Lab., Hanscom AFB, MA (United States))



A soil moisture assimilation scheme using satellite-retrieved skin temperature in meso-scale weather forecast model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A thermodynamically consistent soil moisture assimilation scheme for clear sky and snow free conditions has been developed for the meso-scale modeling system in the Arctic region by using satellite-derived skin temperatures. Parallel control and sensitivity modeling experiments were designed and their results demonstrated that the assimilation scheme successfully improves the soil moistures that were deliberately perturbed initially, indicating capability of the scheme to correct bias in the soil moisture initialization. Moreover, the resultant benefit of this assimilation scheme does not only lie in the improvement of soil moisture; the skin temperature also consequently exhibits improvements in a thermodynamic consistency. A real application of the assimilation scheme with satellite-retrieved skin temperature exhibited noticeable positive impacts on the modeling simulation and weather forecast; the model obviously captured meso-scale features of soil moistures as well as the skin temperatures. The warming tendency bias in original model simulations was removed to a considerable extent by this assimilation scheme.

Jing Zhang; Xiangdong Zhang



Sensitivity of the Simulated Distributions of Water Masses, CFCs, and Bomb 14C to Parameterizations of Mesoscale Tracer Transports in a Model of the North Pacific  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A basinwide ocean general circulation model of the North Pacific Ocean is used to study the sensitivity of the simulated distributions of water masses, chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), and bomb carbon-14 isotope (14C) to parameterizations of mesoscale ...

Yongfu Xu; Shigeaki Aoki; Koh Harada



Improving an Accuracy of ANN-Based Mesoscale-Microscale Coupling Model by Data Categorization: With Application to Wind Forecast for Offshore and Complex Terrain Onshore Wind Farms  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The ANN-based mesoscale-microscale coupling model forecasts wind speed and wind direction with high accuracy for wind parks located in complex terrain onshore, yet some weather regimes remains unresolved and f...

Alla Sapronova; Catherine Meissner…



The reduction of plankton biomass induced by mesoscale stirring: a modeling study in the Benguela upwelling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recent studies, both based on remote sensed data and coupled models, showed a reduction of biological productivity due to vigorous horizontal stirring in upwelling areas. In order to better understand this phenomenon, we consider a system of oceanic flow from the Benguela area coupled with a simple biogeochemical model of Nutrient-Phyto-Zooplankton (NPZ) type. For the flow three different surface velocity fields are considered: one derived from satellite altimetry data, and the other two from a regional numerical model at two different spatial resolutions. We compute horizontal particle dispersion in terms of Lyapunov Exponents, and analyzed their correlations with phytoplankton concentrations. Our modelling approach confirms that in the south Benguela there is a reduction of biological activity when stirring is increased. Two-dimensional offshore advection and latitudinal difference in Primary Production, also mediated by the flow, seem to be the dominant processes involved. We estimate that mesoscale processes are responsible for 30 to 50% of the offshore fluxes of biological tracers. In the northern area, other factors not taken into account in our simulation are influencing the ecosystem. We suggest explanations for these results in the context of studies performed in other eastern boundary upwelling areas.

Ismael Hernández-Carrasco; Vincent Rossi; Emilio Hernández-García; Veronique Garçon; Cristóbal López


Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mesoscale modeling finite" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


Processing of cloud condensation nuclei by collision-coalescence in a mesoscale model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Naval Research Laboratory's Coupled Ocean-Atmosphere Mesoscale Prediction System (COAMPS) is employed to explore the relative importance of source, sink, and transport processes in producing an accurate forecast of the ...

Mechem, David B.; Robinson, Paul C.; Kogan, Yefim L.



Finite volume stochastic Ising model .##+$ & ## ## (3# )  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Finite volume stochastic Ising model .##+$ & ## ## (3# ) ## (%s+.##(j# Ising model /##;.B'K.?'B#B#%#*B..1$' Jx AE.#oe/#+70#)h.U4Rf$* t# Ising model .##;RxB'K+b# O Markov ## R#,&# K#oefi#S+#OL& K*J#+#`O finite volume stochastic Ising model /c

Yoshida, Nobuo


Development and validation of a vertically two-dimensional mesoscale numerical model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

because the model is dry. The equations are as follows: dv " ? 1 1 d dv f k X V ? ? Vp ? g Vz + ? ~ ? (pK ? ), (2) dt P pH ds m ds pgH do dn d o + 'it ~ pV + ? (ns) + p V ~ VH = 0 dt ds P H (4) dT . H Q sg ? + d t C p C p pRT The symbols... of the model. The remaining variables have been previously defined. 15 The finite difference equations are as follows: ~ H (o V (i, k) = H(i+1) * ( p(i+1, k) + p(i, k) ) * u(i+1, k) ? H(i) * ( p(i, k) + p (i-l, k) ) * u(i, k) / ( 2 a DX ) = DV(i k) (I...

Walters, Michael Kent



Mesoscale model cloud scheme assessment using satellite observations Jean-Pierre Chaboureau, Jean-Pierre Cammas, Patrick J. Mascart, and Jean-Pierre Pinty  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the convective towers in the generation of synthetic BT maps. INDEX TERMS: 3329 Meteorology and Atmospheric-scale cloudiness in the model. A similar test conducted on the ice water and the liquid water paths confirms Dynamics: Mesoscale meteorology; 3360 Meteorology and Atmospheric Dynamics: Remote sensing; 3354

Chaboureau, Jean-Pierre


Coupling the High Complexity Land Surface Model ACASA to the Mesoscale Model WRF  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this study, the Weather Research and Forecasting Model (WRF) is coupled with the Advanced Canopy-Atmosphere-Soil Algorithm (ACASA), a high complexity land surface model. Although WRF is a state-of-the-art regional ...

Xu, L.


Application of Finite Mixture Models for Vehicle Crash Data Analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

heterogeneity through the use of finite mixture regression models. A Finite mixture of Poisson or NB regression models is especially useful when the count data were generated from a heterogeneous population. To evaluate these models, Poisson and NB mixture...

Park, Byung Jung



A Blended Soundproof-to-Compressible Numerical Model for Small- to Mesoscale Atmospheric Dynamics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A blended model for atmospheric flow simulations is introduced that enables seamless transition from fully compressible to pseudo-incompressible dynamics. The model equations are written in nonperturbation form and integrated using a well-balanced ...

Tommaso Benacchio; Warren P. O’Neill; Rupert Klein



Recipes for Correcting the Impact of Effective Mesoscale Resolution on the Estimation of Extreme Winds  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Extreme winds derived from simulations using mesoscale models are underestimated because of the effective spatial and temporal resolutions. This is reflected in the spectral domain as an energy deficit in the mesoscale range. The energy deficit ...

Xiaoli Guo Larsén; Søren Ott; Jake Badger; Andrea N. Hahmann; Jakob Mann



Self-Assembly of Mesoscale Isomers: The Role of Pathways and Degrees of Freedom  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Self-Assembly of Mesoscale Isomers: The Role of Pathways and Degrees of Freedom Shivendra Pandey1 geometric path sampling and a mesoscale experimental model to investigate the self-assembly of a model. Citation: Pandey S, Johnson D, Kaplan R, Klobusicky J, Menon G, et al. (2014) Self-Assembly of Mesoscale

Menon, Govind


Multiphase Modeling of Flow, Transport, and Biodegradation in a Mesoscale Landfill Bioreactor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1179. Popov, V. ; Power, H. Landfill emission of gases intoC.M. T2LBM Version 1.0: Landfill bioreactor model forand recovery from landfills, Ann Arbor Science Publishers,

Oldenburg, Curtis M.; Borglin, Sharon E.; Hazen, Terry C.



Lagrangian study of transport and mixing in a mesoscale eddy street  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We use dynamical systems approach and Lagrangian tools to study surface transport and mixing of water masses in a selected coastal region of the Japan Sea with moving mesoscale eddies associated with the Primorskoye Current. Lagrangian trajectories are computed for a large number of particles in an interpolated velocity field generated by a numerical regional multi-layer eddy-resolving circulation model. We compute finite-time Lyapunov exponents for a comparatively long period of time by the method developed and plot the Lyapunov synoptic map quantifying surface transport and mixing in that region. This map uncovers the striking flow structures along the coast with a mesoscale eddy street and repelling material lines. We propose new Lagrangian diagnostic tools --- the time of exit of particles off a selected box, the number of changes of the sign of zonal and meridional velocities --- to study transport and mixing by a pair of strongly interacting eddies often visible at sea-surface temperature satellite images in that region. We develop a technique to track evolution of clusters of particles, streaklines and material lines. The Lagrangian tools used allow us to reveal mesoscale eddies and their structure, to track different phases of the coastal flow, to find inhomogeneous character of transport and mixing on mesoscales and submesoscales and to quantify mixing by the values of exit times and the number of times particles wind around the eddy's center.

S. V. Prants; M. V. Budyansky; V. I. Ponomarev; M. Yu. Uleysky



MESOI Version 2. 0: an interactive mesoscale Lagrangian puff dispersion model with deposition and decay  

SciTech Connect

MESOI Version 2.0 is an interactive Lagrangian puff model for estimating the transport, diffusion, deposition and decay of effluents released to the atmosphere. The model is capable of treating simultaneous releases from as many as four release points, which may be elevated or at ground-level. The puffs are advected by a horizontal wind field that is defined in three dimensions. The wind field may be adjusted for expected topographic effects. The concentration distribution within the puffs is initially assumed to be Gaussian in the horizontal and vertical. However, the vertical concentration distribution is modified by assuming reflection at the ground and the top of the atmospheric mixing layer. Material is deposited on the surface using a source depletion, dry deposition model and a washout coefficient model. The model also treats the decay of a primary effluent species and the ingrowth and decay of a single daughter species using a first order decay process. This report is divided into two parts. The first part discusses the theoretical and mathematical bases upon which MESOI Version 2.0 is based. The second part contains the MESOI computer code. The programs were written in the ANSI standard FORTRAN 77 and were developed on a VAX 11/780 computer. 43 references, 14 figures, 13 tables.

Ramsdell, J.V.; Athey, G.F.; Glantz, C.S.



Lipid-Based Nanodiscs as Models for Studying Mesoscale Coalescence A Transport Limited Case  

SciTech Connect

Lipid-based nanodiscs (bicelles) are able to form in mixtures of long- and short-chain lipids. Initially, they are of uniform size but grow upon dilution. Previously, nanodisc growth kinetics have been studied using time-resolved small angle neutron scattering (SANS), a technique which is not well suited for probing their change in size immediately after dilution. To address this, we have used dynamic light scattering (DLS), a technique which permits the collection of useful data in a short span of time after dilution of the system. The DLS data indicate that the negatively charged lipids in nanodiscs play a significant role in disc stability and growth. Specifically, the charged lipids are most likely drawn out from the nanodiscs into solution, thereby reducing interparticle repulsion and enabling the discs to grow. We describe a population balance model, which takes into account Coulombic interactions and adequately predicts the initial growth of nanodiscs with a single parameter i.e., surface potential. The results presented here strongly support the notion that the disc coalescence rate strongly depends on nanoparticle charge density. The present system containing low-polydispersity lipid nanodiscs serves as a good model for understanding how charged discoidal micelles coalesce.

Hu, Andrew [University of Connecticut, Storrs; Fan, Tai-Hsi [University of Connecticut, Storrs; Katsaras, John [ORNL; Xia, Yan [University of Connecticut, Storrs; Li, Ming [University of Connecticut, Storrs; Nieh, Mu-Ping [University of Connecticut, Storrs



Impact of Agricultural Practice on Regional Climate in a CoupledLand Surface Mesoscale Model  

SciTech Connect

The land surface has been shown to form strong feedbacks with climate due to linkages between atmospheric conditions and terrestrial ecosystem exchanges of energy, momentum, water, and trace gases. Although often ignored in modeling studies, land management itself may form significant feedbacks. Because crops are harvested earlier under drier conditions, regional air temperature, precipitation, and soil moisture, for example, affect harvest timing, particularly of rain-fed crops. This removal of vegetation alters the land surface characteristics and may, in turn, affect regional climate. We applied a coupled climate(MM5) and land-surface (LSM1) model to examine the effects of early and late winter wheat harvest on regional climate in the Department of Energy Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Climate Research Facility in the Southern Great Plains, where winter wheat accounts for 20 percent of the land area. Within the winter wheat region, simulated 2 m air temperature was 1.3 C warmer in the Early Harvest scenario at mid-day averaged over the two weeks following harvest. Soils in the harvested area were drier and warmer in the top 10 cm and wetter in the 10-20 cm layer. Midday soils were 2.5 C warmer in the harvested area at mid-day averaged over the two weeks following harvest. Harvest also dramatically altered latent and sensible heat fluxes. Although differences between scenarios diminished once both scenarios were harvested, the short-term impacts of land management on climate were comparable to those from land cover change demonstrated in other studies.

Cooley, H.S.; Riley, W.J.; Torn, M.S.; He, Y.



Lagrangian study of transport and mixing in a mesoscale eddy street  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We use dynamical systems approach and Lagrangian tools to study surface transport and mixing of water masses in a selected coastal region of the Japan Sea with moving mesoscale eddies associated with the Primorskoye Current. Lagrangian trajectories are computed for a large number of particles in an interpolated velocity field generated by a numerical regional multi-layer eddy-resolving circulation model. We compute finite-time Lyapunov exponents for a comparatively long period of time by the method developed and plot the Lyapunov synoptic map quantifying surface transport and mixing in that region. This map uncovers the striking flow structures along the coast with a mesoscale eddy street and repelling material lines. We propose new Lagrangian diagnostic tools --- the time of exit of particles off a selected box, the number of changes of the sign of zonal and meridional velocities --- to study transport and mixing by a pair of strongly interacting eddies often visible at sea-surface temperature satellite imag...

Prants, S V; Ponomarev, V I; Uleysky, M Yu; 10.1016/j.ocemod.2011.02.008



Mixed finite elements for global tide models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study mixed finite element methods for the linearized rotating shallow water equations with linear drag and forcing terms. By means of a strong energy estimate for an equivalent second-order formulation for the linearized momentum, we prove long-time stability of the system without energy accumulation -- the geotryptic state. A priori error estimates for the linearized momentum and free surface elevation are given in $L^2$ as well as for the time derivative and divergence of the linearized momentum. Numerical results confirm the theoretical results regarding both energy damping and convergence rates.

Cotter, Colin J



Use of ARM observations and numerical models to determine radiative and latent heating profiles of mesoscale convective systems for general circulation models  

SciTech Connect

We examined cloud radar data in monsoon climates, using cloud radars at Darwin in the Australian monsoon, on a ship in the Bay of Bengal in the South Asian monsoon, and at Niamey in the West African monsoon. We followed on with a more in-depth study of the continental MCSs over West Africa. We investigated whether the West African anvil clouds connected with squall line MCSs passing over the Niamey ARM site could be simulated in a numerical model by comparing the observed anvil clouds to anvil structures generated by the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) mesoscale model at high resolution using six different ice-phase microphysical schemes. We carried out further simulations with a cloud-resolving model forced by sounding network budgets over the Niamey region and over the northern Australian region. We have devoted some of the effort of this project to examining how well satellite data can determine the global breadth of the anvil cloud measurements obtained at the ARM ground sites. We next considered whether satellite data could be objectively analyzed to so that their large global measurement sets can be systematically related to the ARM measurements. Further differences were detailed between the land and ocean MCS anvil clouds by examining the interior structure of the anvils with the satellite-detected the CloudSat Cloud Profiling Radar (CPR). The satellite survey of anvil clouds in the Indo-Pacific region was continued to determine the role of MCSs in producing the cloud pattern associated with the MJO.

Houze, Jr., Robert A. [University of Washington Dept. of Atmospheric Sciences



Mesoscale hybrid calibration artifact  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A mesoscale calibration artifact, also called a hybrid artifact, suitable for hybrid dimensional measurement and the method for make the artifact. The hybrid artifact has structural characteristics that make it suitable for dimensional measurement in both vision-based systems and touch-probe-based systems. The hybrid artifact employs the intersection of bulk-micromachined planes to fabricate edges that are sharp to the nanometer level and intersecting planes with crystal-lattice-defined angles.

Tran, Hy D. (Albuquerque, NM); Claudet, Andre A. (Albuquerque, NM); Oliver, Andrew D. (Waltham, MA)




SciTech Connect

Mesoscale 3D simulations of shock compaction of metal and ceramic powders have been performed with an Eulerian hydrocode GEODYN. The approach was validated by simulating a well-characterized shock compaction experiment of a porous ductile metal. Simulation results using the Steinberg material model and handbook values for solid 2024 aluminum showed good agreement with experimental compaction curves and wave profiles. Brittle ceramic materials are not as well studied as metals, so a simple material model for solid ceramic (tungsten carbide) has been calibrated to match experimental compaction curves. Direct simulations of gas gun experiments with ceramic powders have been performed and showed good agreement with experimental data. The numerical shock wave profile has same character and thickness as that measured experimentally using VISAR. The numerical results show reshock states above the single-shock Hugoniot line as observed in experiments. We found that for good quantitative agreement with experiments 3D simulations are essential.

Lomov, Ilya; Fujino, Don; Antoun, Tarabay; Liu, Benjamin [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, P. O. Box 808, Livermore CA 94551 (United States)



Probabilistic finite element modeling of waste rollover  

SciTech Connect

Stratification of the wastes in many Hanford storage tanks has resulted in sludge layers which are capable of retaining gases formed by chemical and/or radiolytic reactions. As the gas is produced, the mechanisms of gas storage evolve until the resulting buoyancy in the sludge leads to instability, at which point the sludge ``rolls over`` and a significant volume of gas is suddenly released. Because the releases may contain flammable gases, these episodes of release are potentially hazardous. Mitigation techniques are desirable for more controlled releases at more frequent intervals. To aid the mitigation efforts, a methodology for predicting of sludge rollover at specific times is desired. This methodology would then provide a rational basis for the development of a schedule for the mitigation procedures. In addition, a knowledge of the sensitivity of the sludge rollovers to various physical and chemical properties within the tanks would provide direction for efforts to reduce the frequency and severity of these events. In this report, the use of probabilistic finite element analyses for computing the probability of rollover and the sensitivity of rollover probability to various parameters is described.

Khaleel, M.A. [Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States); Cofer, W.F.; Al-fouqaha, A.A. [Washington State Univ., Pullman, WA (United States). Dept. of Civil and Environmental Engineering


Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mesoscale modeling finite" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


ARM - Publications: Science Team Meeting Documents: Evaluation of mesoscale  

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Evaluation of mesoscale model cloud simulations of the March 2000 IOP Evaluation of mesoscale model cloud simulations of the March 2000 IOP Tselioudis, George NASA/Goddard Institute for Space Studies A suite of mesoscale models was used to produce month-long runs of the March 2000 SGP IOP. The model cloud fields were evaluated against satellite and in-situ observations, using both monthly statistics of cloud properties and instantaneous cloud property distributions. It was found that compared to satellite retrievals models tend to overestimate cloud optical thickness in all dynamic regimes. The reasons for the differences in satellite and model cloud fields were investigated. Preliminary results indicate that the large model optical depths may be caused by an overestimate of cloud ice water amounts in the model simulations. Part of the differences, however,


Numerical Simulation of the Meso-? Scale Structure and Evolution of the 1977 Johnstown Flood. Part II: Inertially Stable Warm-Core Vortex and the Mesoscale Convective Complex  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A mesoscale warm-core vortex associated with the mesoscale convective complex (MCC) that produced the 1977 Johnstown flood is examined using a three-dimensional nested-grid model simulation of the flood episode. In the simulation, the vortex ...

Da-Lin Zhang; J. Michael Fritsch



Constitutive model effects on finite element modeling of elastomer behavior in radial interference seal configurations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)


Jackson, Jason R.



An evaluation of finite element models of stiffened plates subjected to impulsive loading  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Different finite element models are evaluated for two very common structures, a cantilever beam and a stiffened plate, subjected to impulsive loading. For the cantilever beam case, the finite element models are one, two ...

Pedatzur, Omri



Use of ARM observations and numerical models to determine radiative and latent heating profiles of mesoscale convective systems for general circulation models  

SciTech Connect

This three-year project, in cooperation with Professor Bob Houze at University of Washington, has been successfully finished as planned. Both ARM (the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program) data and cloud-resolving model (CRM) simulations were used to identify the water budgets of clouds observed in two international field campaigns. The research results achieved shed light on several key processes of clouds in climate change (or general circulation models), which are summarized below. 1. Revealed the effect of mineral dust on mesoscale convective systems (MCSs) Two international field campaigns near a desert and a tropical coast provided unique data to drive and evaluate CRM simulations, which are TWP-ICE (the Tropical Warm Pool International Cloud Experiment) and AMMA (the African Monsoon Multidisciplinary Analysis). Studies of the two campaign data were contrasted, revealing that much mineral dust can bring about large MCSs via ice nucleation and clouds. This result was reported as a PI presentation in the 3rd ASR Science Team meeting held in Arlington, Virginia in March 2012. A paper on the studies was published in the Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences (Zeng et al. 2013). 2. Identified the effect of convective downdrafts on ice crystal concentration Using the large-scale forcing data from TWP-ICE, ARM-SGP (the Southern Great Plains) and other field campaigns, Goddard CRM simulations were carried out in comparison with radar and satellite observations. The comparison between model and observations revealed that convective downdrafts could increase ice crystal concentration by up to three or four orders, which is a key to quantitatively represent the indirect effects of ice nuclei, a kind of aerosol, on clouds and radiation in the Tropics. This result was published in the Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences (Zeng et al. 2011) and summarized in the DOE/ASR Research Highlights Summaries (see http://www.arm.gov/science/highlights/RMjY5/view). 3. Used radar observations to evaluate model simulations In cooperation with Profs. Bob Houze at University of Washington and Steven Rutledge at Colorado State University, numerical model results were evaluated with observations from W- and C-band radars and CloudSat/TRMM satellites. These studies exhibited some shortcomings of current numerical models, such as too little of thin anvil clouds, directing the future improvement of cloud microphysics parameterization in CRMs. Two papers of Powell et al (2012) and Zeng et al. (2013), summarizing these studies, were published in the Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences. 4. Analyzed the water budgets of MCSs Using ARM data from TWP-ICE, ARM-SGP and other field campaigns, the Goddard CRM simulations were carried out to analyze the water budgets of clouds from TWP-ICE and AMMA. The simulations generated a set of datasets on clouds and radiation, which are available http://cloud.gsfc.nasa.gov/. The cloud datasets were available for modelers and other researchers aiming to improve the representation of cloud processes in multi-scale modeling frameworks, GCMs and climate models. Special datasets, such as 3D cloud distributions every six minutes for TWP-ICE, were requested and generated for ARM/ASR investigators. Data server records show that 86,206 datasets were downloaded by 120 users between April of 2010 and January of 2012. 5. MMF simulations The Goddard MMF (multi-scale modeling framework) has been improved by coupling with the Goddard Land Information System (LIS) and the Goddard Earth Observing System Model, Version 5 (GOES5). It has also been optimized on NASA HEC supercomputers and can be run over 4000 CPUs. The improved MMF with high horizontal resolution (1 x 1 degree) is currently being applied to cases covering 2005 and 2006. The results show that the spatial distribution pattern of precipitation rate is well simulated by the MMF through comparisons with satellite retrievals from the CMOPRH and GPCP data sets. In addition, the MMF results were compared with three reanalyses (MERRA, ERA-Interim and CFSR). Although the MMF tends

Tao, Wei-Kuo; Houze, Robert, A., Jr.; Zeng, Xiping



Mesoscale Simulations of Power Compaction  

SciTech Connect

Mesoscale 3D simulations of metal and ceramic powder compaction in shock waves have been performed with an Eulerian hydrocode GEODYN. The approach was validated by simulating shock compaction of porous well-characterized ductile metal using Steinberg material model. Results of the simulations with handbook values for parameters of solid 2024 aluminum have good agreement with experimental compaction curves and wave profiles. Brittle ceramic materials are not so well studied as metals, so material model for ceramic (tungsten carbide) has been fitted to shock compression experiments of non-porous samples and further calibrated to match experimental compaction curves. Direct simulations of gas gun experiments with ceramic powder have been performed and showed good agreement with experimental data. Numerical shock wave profile has same character and thickness as measured with VISAR. Numerical results show reshock states above the single-shock Hugoniot line also observed in experiments. They found that to receive good quantitative agreement with experiment it is essential to perform 3D simulations.

Lomov, I; Fujino, D; Antoun, T; Liu, B



Tests of an ensemble Kalman filter for mesoscale and regional-scale data assimilation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation examines the performance of an ensemble Kalman filter (EnKF) implemented in a mesoscale model in increasingly realistic contexts from under a perfect model assumption and in the presence of significant model error with synthetic...

Meng, Zhiyong



Mesoscale Climatic Simulation of Surface Air Temperature Cooling by Highly  

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Mesoscale Climatic Simulation of Surface Air Temperature Cooling by Highly Mesoscale Climatic Simulation of Surface Air Temperature Cooling by Highly Reflective Greenhouses in SE Spain Title Mesoscale Climatic Simulation of Surface Air Temperature Cooling by Highly Reflective Greenhouses in SE Spain Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2013 Authors Campra, Pablo, and Dev Millstein Journal Environmental Science & Technology Volume 47 Issue 21 Pagination 12284 - 12290 Date Published 11/2013 ISSN 0013-936X Keywords buildings, Heat Island Group Abstract A long-term local cooling trend in surface air temperature has been monitored at the largest concentration of reflective greenhouses in the world, at the Province of Almeria, SE Spain, associated with a dramatic increase in surface albedo in the area. The availability of reliable long-term climatic field data at this site offers a unique opportunity to test the skill of mesoscale meteorological models describing and predicting the impacts of land use change on local climate. Using the Weather Research and Forecast (WRF) mesoscale model, we have run a sensitivity experiment to simulate the impact of the observed surface albedo change on monthly and annual surface air temperatures. The model output showed a mean annual cooling of 0.25 °C associated with a 0.09 albedo increase, and a reduction of 22.8 W m-2 of net incoming solar radiation at surface. Mean reduction of summer daily maximum temperatures was 0.49 °C, with the largest single-day decrease equal to 1.3 °C. WRF output was evaluated and compared with observations. A mean annual warm bias (MBE) of 0.42 °C was estimated. High correlation coefficients (R2 > 0.9) were found between modeled and observed values. This study has particular interest in the assessment of the potential for urban temperature cooling by cool roofs deployment projects, as well as in the evaluation of mesoscale climatic models performance.


A Finite Element Model for Simulation of Carbon Dioxide Sequestration  

SciTech Connect

We present a hydro-mechanical model, followed by stress, deformation, and shear-slip failure analysis for geological sequestration of carbon dioxide (CO2). The model considers the poroelastic effects by taking into account of the two-way coupling between the geomechanical response and the fluid flow process. Analytical solutions for pressure and deformation fields were derived for a typical geological sequestration scenario in our previous work. A finite element approach is introduced here for numerically solving the hydro-mechanical model with arbitrary boundary conditions. The numerical approach was built on an open-source finite element code Elmer, and results were compared to the analytical solutions. The shear-slip failure analysis was presented based on the numerical results, where the potential failure zone is identified. Information is relevant to the prediction of the maximum sustainable injection rate or pressure. The effects of caprock permeability on the fluid pressure, deformation, stress, and the shear-slip failure zone were also quantitatively studied. It was shown that a larger permeability in caprock and base rock leads to a larger uplift but a smaller shear-slip failure zone.

Bao, Jie; Xu, Zhijie; Fang, Yilin



Impact of the tropopause temperature on the intensity of tropical cyclones an idealized study using a mesoscale model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) models TCs as heat engines, operating29 between the warm ocean and the cold tropopause and converting thermal energy to mechanical30 energy. Variations in the sea surface temperature (SST) have received much

Sobel, Adam


Surface photovoltage measurements and finite element modeling of SAW devices.  

SciTech Connect

Over the course of a Summer 2011 internship with the MEMS department of Sandia National Laboratories, work was completed on two major projects. The first and main project of the summer involved taking surface photovoltage measurements for silicon samples, and using these measurements to determine surface recombination velocities and minority carrier diffusion lengths of the materials. The SPV method was used to fill gaps in the knowledge of material parameters that had not been determined successfully by other characterization methods. The second project involved creating a 2D finite element model of a surface acoustic wave device. A basic form of the model with the expected impedance response curve was completed, and the model is ready to be further developed for analysis of MEMS photonic resonator devices.

Donnelly, Christine



Mesoscale Modeling and Validation of Texture Evolution during Asymmetric Rooling and Static Recrystallization of Magnesium Alloy AZ31B  

SciTech Connect

The focus of the present research is to develop an integrated deformation and recrystallization model for magnesium alloys at the microstructural length scale. It is known that in magnesium alloys nucleation of recrystallized grains occurs at various microstructural inhomogeneities such as twins and localized deformation bands. However, there is a need to develop models that can predict the evolution of the grain structure and texture developed during recrystallization and grain growth, especially when the deformation process follows a complicated deformation path such as in asymmetric rolling. The deformation model is based on a crystal plasticity approach implemented at the length scale of the microstructure that includes deformation mechanisms based on dislocation slip and twinning. The recrystallization simulation is based on a Monte Carlo technique that operates on the output of the deformation simulations. The nucleation criterion during recrystallization is based on the local stored energy and the Monte Carlo technique is used to simulate the growth of the nuclei due to local stored energy differences and curvature. The model predictions are compared with experimental data obtained through electron backscatter analysis and neutron diffraction.

Radhakrishnan, Balasubramaniam [ORNL; Gorti, Sarma B [ORNL; Stoica, Grigoreta M [ORNL; Muralidharan, Govindarajan [ORNL; Stoica, Alexandru Dan [ORNL; Wang, Xun-Li [ORNL; Specht, Eliot D [ORNL; Kenik, Edward A [ORNL; Muth, Thomas R [ORNL



Development and Evaluation of a Coupled Photosynthesis-Based Gas Exchange Evapotranspiration Model (GEM) for Mesoscale Weather Forecasting Applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Development and Evaluation of a Coupled Photosynthesis-Based Gas Exchange Evapotranspiration Model with a photosynthesis-based scheme and still achieve dynamically consistent results. To demonstrate this transformative potential, the authors developed and coupled a photosynthesis, gas exchange­based surface evapotranspiration

Niyogi, Dev


Gauge invariance and the finite-element solution of the Schwinger model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We apply the method of finite elements to two-dimensional quantum electrodynamics. We construct gauge-invariant operator difference equations and compute the chiral anomaly in the Schwinger model. The relative error between the exact answer and the finite-element prediction vanishes like M-2, where M is the number of finite elements.

Carl M. Bender; Kimball A. Milton; David H. Sharp



Calibration under uncertainty for finite element models of masonry monuments  

SciTech Connect

Historical unreinforced masonry buildings often include features such as load bearing unreinforced masonry vaults and their supporting framework of piers, fill, buttresses, and walls. The masonry vaults of such buildings are among the most vulnerable structural components and certainly among the most challenging to analyze. The versatility of finite element (FE) analyses in incorporating various constitutive laws, as well as practically all geometric configurations, has resulted in the widespread use of the FE method for the analysis of complex unreinforced masonry structures over the last three decades. However, an FE model is only as accurate as its input parameters, and there are two fundamental challenges while defining FE model input parameters: (1) material properties and (2) support conditions. The difficulties in defining these two aspects of the FE model arise from the lack of knowledge in the common engineering understanding of masonry behavior. As a result, engineers are unable to define these FE model input parameters with certainty, and, inevitably, uncertainties are introduced to the FE model.

Atamturktur, Sezer,; Hemez, Francois,; Unal, Cetin



A finite difference model for free surface gravity drainage  

SciTech Connect

The unconfined gravity flow of liquid with a free surface into a well is a classical well test problem which has not been well understood by either hydrologists or petroleum engineers. Paradigms have led many authors to treat an incompressible flow as compressible flow to justify the delayed yield behavior of a time-drawdown test. A finite-difference model has been developed to simulate the free surface gravity flow of an unconfined single phase, infinitely large reservoir into a well. The model was verified with experimental results in sandbox models in the literature and with classical methods applied to observation wells in the Groundwater literature. The simulator response was also compared with analytical Theis (1935) and Ramey et al. (1989) approaches for wellbore pressure at late producing times. The seepage face in the sandface and the delayed yield behavior were reproduced by the model considering a small liquid compressibility and incompressible porous medium. The potential buildup (recovery) simulated by the model evidenced a different- phenomenon from the drawdown, contrary to statements found in the Groundwater literature. Graphs of buildup potential vs time, buildup seepage face length vs time, and free surface head and sand bottom head radial profiles evidenced that the liquid refills the desaturating cone as a flat moving surface. The late time pseudo radial behavior was only approached after exaggerated long times.

Couri, F.R.; Ramey, H.J. Jr.



Finite-difference modeling of commercial aircraft using TSAR  

SciTech Connect

Future aircraft may have systems controlled by fiber optic cables, to reduce susceptibility to electromagnetic interference. However, the digital systems associated with the fiber optic network could still experience upset due to powerful radio stations, radars, and other electromagnetic sources, with potentially serious consequences. We are modeling the electromagnetic behavior of commercial transport aircraft in support of the NASA Fly-by-Light/Power-by-Wire program, using the TSAR finite-difference time-domain code initially developed for the military. By comparing results obtained from TSAR with data taken on a Boeing 757 at the Air Force Phillips Lab., we hope to show that FDTD codes can serve as an important tool in the design and certification of U.S. commercial aircraft, helping American companies to produce safe, reliable air transportation.

Pennock, S.T.; Poggio, A.J.



Mesoscale predictability of an extreme warm-season precipitation event  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. The Penn State University/NCAR Mesoscale Model version 5 (MM5) was used to conduct predictability experiments, which follow closely to the research conducted by Zhang et al. A control simulation initialized at 00Z 1 July is established over a 30-km grid...

Odins, Andrew Michael



Linkage analysis with an alternative formulation for the mixed model of inheritance: The finite polygenic mixed model  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents an extension of the finite polygenic mixed model of Fernando et al. to linkage analysis. The finite polygenic mixed model, extended for linkage analysis, leads to a likelihood that can be calculated using efficient algorithms developed for oligogenic models. For comparison, linkage analysis of 5 simulated 4021-member pedigrees was performed using the usual mixed model of inheritance, approximated by Hasstedt, and the finite polygenic mixed model extended for linkage analysis presented here. Maximum likelihood estimates of the finite polygenic mixed model could be inferred to be closer to the simulated values in these pedigrees. 31 refs., 2 tabs.

Stricker, C. [Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zuerich (Switzerland); Fernando, R.L. [Louisiana State Univ., New Orleans, LA (United States); Elston, R.C. [Univ. of Illinois, Urbana, IL (United States)



Three-dimensional finite difference time domain modeling of the Earth-ionosphere cavity resonances  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

domain (FDTD) model of Schumann resonances (SR) with a set of classical eigenfrequency and quality factorThree-dimensional finite difference time domain modeling of the Earth-ionosphere cavity resonances-dimensional finite difference time domain modeling of the Earth-ionosphere cavity resonances, Geophys. Res. Lett., 32

Pasko, Victor

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mesoscale modeling finite" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


Meso-scale machining capabilities and issues  

SciTech Connect

Meso-scale manufacturing processes are bridging the gap between silicon-based MEMS processes and conventional miniature machining. These processes can fabricate two and three-dimensional parts having micron size features in traditional materials such as stainless steels, rare earth magnets, ceramics, and glass. Meso-scale processes that are currently available include, focused ion beam sputtering, micro-milling, micro-turning, excimer laser ablation, femto-second laser ablation, and micro electro discharge machining. These meso-scale processes employ subtractive machining technologies (i.e., material removal), unlike LIGA, which is an additive meso-scale process. Meso-scale processes have different material capabilities and machining performance specifications. Machining performance specifications of interest include minimum feature size, feature tolerance, feature location accuracy, surface finish, and material removal rate. Sandia National Laboratories is developing meso-scale electro-mechanical components, which require meso-scale parts that move relative to one another. The meso-scale parts fabricated by subtractive meso-scale manufacturing processes have unique tribology issues because of the variety of materials and the surface conditions produced by the different meso-scale manufacturing processes.




The effect of shear on heat budgets in a simulated Mesoscale Convective System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The evolution and structure of simulated Mesoscale Convective Systems (MCS) were examined using the Collaborative Model for Multiscale Atmospheric Simulations. Three numerical simulations were performed, with the amount of vertical wind shear...

Shaw, Justin David



FDM Helmholtz modeling of finite grating and waveguide width effects on resonant subwavelength grating reflectivity.  

SciTech Connect

Resonant subwavelength gratings (RSGs) may be used as narrow-band wavelength and angular reflectors. Rigorous coupled wave analysis (RCWA) predicts 100% reflectivity at the resonant frequency of an incident plane wave from an RSG of infinite extent. For devices of finite extent or for devices illuminated with a finite beam, the peak reflectivity drops, coupled with a broadening of the peak. More complex numerical methods are required to model these finite effects. We have modeled finite devices and finite beams with a two-dimensional finite difference Helmholtz equation. The effect of finite grating aperture and finite beam size are investigated. Specific cases considered include Gaussian beam illumination of an infinite grating, Gaussian illumination of a finite grating, and plane wave illumination of an apertured grating. For a wide grating with a finite Gaussian beam, it is found that the reflectivity is an exponential function of the grating width. Likewise, for an apertured grating the reflectivity shows an exponential decay with narrowing aperture size. Results are compared to other methods, including plane wave decomposition of Gaussian beams using RCWA for the case of a finite input beam, and a semi-analytical techniques for the case of the apertured grating.

Kemme, Shanalyn A.; Peters, David William; Hadley, G. Ronald



Finite element modeling of nonlinear vibration behavior of piezo-integrated structures  

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This paper aims at finite element modeling of nonlinear vibration behavior of piezo-integrated structures subjected to weak electric field. This nonlinear vibration behavior was observed in the form of dependence of resonance frequency on the vibration ... Keywords: Finite element modeling, Modal reduction, Newmark method, Nonlinear vibration, Piezo-integrated structures

Sandeep Kumar Parashar; Utz Von Wagner; Peter Hagedorn



Mesoscale symmetries explain dynamical equivalence of food webs  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A goal of complex system research is to identify the dynamical implications of network structure. While early results focused mainly on local or global structural properties, there is now growing interest in mesoscale structures that comprise more than one node but not the whole network. A central challenge is to discover under what conditions the occurrence of a specific mesoscale motif already allows conclusions on the dynamics of a network as a whole. In this paper, we investigate the dynamics of ecological food webs, complex heterogeneous networks of interacting populations. Generalizing the results of MacArthur and Sánchez-García (2009 Phys. Rev. E 80 26117), we show that certain mesoscale symmetries imply the existence of localized dynamical modes. If these modes are unstable the occurrence of the corresponding mesoscale motif implies dynamical instability regardless of the structure of the embedding network. In contrast, if the mode is stable it means that the symmetry can be exploited to reduce the number of nodes in the model, without changing the dynamics of the system. This result explains a previously observed dynamical equivalence between food webs containing a different number of species.

Helge Aufderheide; Lars Rudolf; Thilo Gross



Posters Mesoscale Simulations of Convective Systems with Data...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

7 Posters Mesoscale Simulations of Convective Systems with Data Assimilation During June 1993 in the Southern Great Plains J. Dudhia Mesoscale and Microscale Meteorology Division...


Mesoscale Atmospheric Dispersion, 2001, Ed. Z. Boybeyi, WIT Publications, Southampton, UK, Advances in Air Pollution, Vol 9, p. 424.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

surface­atmosphere exchanges in mesoscale air pollution systems Devdutta S. Niyogi & Sethu Raman NorthMesoscale Atmospheric Dispersion, 2001, Ed. Z. Boybeyi, WIT Publications, Southampton, UK, Advances in Air Pollution, Vol 9, p. 424. Chapter 9 Numerical modeling of gas deposition and bi- directional

Raman, Sethu


Initial Testing of a Two-Dimensional Finite Element Model for Floodplain Inundation  

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8 January 1994 research-article Initial Testing of a Two-Dimensional Finite Element Model for Floodplain...expectations and the need for improved data acquisition for model testing is highlighted. On the basis of these numerical experiments...




E-Print Network (OSTI)

.3) 0 system models the electric heating* *ial differential equation describing the electric heating of a conducting body. We prove err* *or A FINITE ELEMENT MODEL FOR THE TIME-DEPENDENT JOULE HEATING PROBLEM

Larsson, Stig


The EM algorithm for the extended finite mixture of the factor analyzers model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper is devoted to extending common factors and categorical variables in the model of a finite mixture of factor analyzers based on the multivariate generalized linear model and the principle of maximum random utility in the probabilistic choice ...

Xingcai Zhou; Xinsheng Liu



Finite-element modelling: a new tool for the biologist  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...problem that excessive distortion of the applied skin will prevent adequate adhesion...Finite-element techniques have already been applied to problems associated with cochlear mechanics...position at the University Hospital, Utrecht, The Netherlands, he moved to Bristol...



TY JOUR T1 Mesoscale Climatic Simulation of Surface Air Temperature Cooling  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Mesoscale Climatic Simulation of Surface Air Temperature Cooling Mesoscale Climatic Simulation of Surface Air Temperature Cooling by Highly Reflective Greenhouses in SE Spain JF Environmental Science Technology A1 Campra Pablo A1 Dev Millstein KW buildings KW Heat Island Group AB p span A long term local cooling trend in surface air temperature has been monitored at the largest concentration of reflective greenhouses in the world at the Province of Almeria SE Spain associated with a dramatic increase in surface albedo in the area The availability of reliable long term climatic field data at this site offers a unique opportunity to test the skill of mesoscale meteorological models describing and predicting the impacts of land use change on local climate Using the Weather Research and Forecast WRF mesoscale model we have run a


Poster Sessions J. Dudhia Mesoscale and Microscale Meteorology Division  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

J. Dudhia J. Dudhia Mesoscale and Microscale Meteorology Division National Center for Atmospheric Research Boulder, CO 80307-3000 Introduction The concept of an Integrated Data Assimilation and Sounding System (IDASS) ensures that the needs of data collection are partly determined by the requirements of an assimilating mesoscale model. Hence, the sounding strategy is geared towards allowing the model to do the best possible job in representing the atmosphere over CART sites, for example. It is not clear a priori what density of coverage or types of data are required for a good simulation. In this work, we address the problem of determining the impact of varying the density of coverage of an idea! network by purely numerical experimentation. We use one model run to provide data and another independent run to assimilate it.


The representation of boundary currents in a finite element shallow water model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We evaluate the influence of local resolution, eddy viscosity, coastline structure, and boundary conditions on the numerical representation of boundary currents in a finite element shallow-water model. The use of finite element discretization methods offers a higher flexibility compared to finite difference and finite volume methods, that are mainly used in previous publications. This is true for the geometry of the coast lines and for the realization of boundary conditions. For our investigations we simulate steady separation of western boundary currents from idealized and realistic coast lines. The use of grid refinement allows a detailed investigation of boundary separation at reasonable numerical cost.

Düben, Peter D



A mixed finite-element scheme of a semiconductor energy-transport model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A mixed finite-element scheme of a semiconductor energy-transport model using dual entropy variables Stephan Gadau, Ansgar J¨ungel, and Paola Pietra Abstract. One-dimensional stationary energy employing a mixed-hybrid finite- element method which has the advantage to fulfill current conser- vation

Hanke-Bourgeois, Martin


Finite Element Modelling and Molecular Dynamic Simulations of Carbon nanotubes/ Polymer Composites  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Modeling of single-walled carbon nanotubes, multi-walled nanotubes and nanotube reinforced polymer composites using both the Finite Element method and the Molecular Dynamic simulation technique is presented. Nanotubes subjected to mechanical loading...

Gaddamanugu, Dhatri



Finite element decomposition and grid generation for brain modeling and visualization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Numerical grid generation is used to provide a framework for brain and neuron visualization. Smoothing spline surfaces are fit to contour data to generate 3D solid model reconstruction of brain tissues. Finite element methods are then used...

Batte, David Allan



Acoustic scattering by axisymmertic finite-length bodies with application to fish : measurement and modeling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis investigates the complexities of acoustic scattering by finite bodies in general and by fish in particular through the development of an advanced acoustic scattering model and detailed laboratory acoustic ...

Reeder, D. Benjamin (Davis Benjamin), 1966-



Finite-geometry models of electric field noise from patch potentials in ion traps  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We model electric field noise from fluctuating patch potentials on conducting surfaces by taking into account the finite geometry of the ion trap electrodes to gain insight into the origin of anomalous heating in ion traps. ...

Low, Guang Hao


TEA - a linear frequency domain finite element model for tidal embayment analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A frequency domain (harmonic) finite element model is developed for the numerical prediction of depth average circulation within small embayments. Such embayments are often characterized by irregular boundaries and bottom ...

Westerink, Joannes J.


Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mesoscale modeling finite" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


Cloud in the operational DWD mesoscale model An extensive documentation of the physics included in the Lokal Modell (LM) can be found  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in the Lokal Modell (LM) can be found in Doms et al. (2004). Here a short summary of the cloud physics is given-scale clouds Since 26th of April 2004 the Lokal Modell (LM) uses a two-category ice scheme which explicitly S that are considered in this two-category ice scheme of LM. The individual microphysical processes are: Sc condensation

Reading, University of


Postulated Mesoscale Quantum of Internal Friction Hysteresis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Evidence is provided, from yet another experiment, for the existence of a mesoscale quantum of internal friction hysteresis, having the value of the electron rest energy divided by the fine structure constant.

Randall D. Peters



Oceanic mass transport by mesoscale eddies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...time-mean ocean circulation transports fluid as a conveyor belt, but fluid parcels can also be trapped and transported discretely...continuously, mesoscale eddies can trap fluid parcels within the eddy core and transport them discretely...

Zhengguang Zhang; Wei Wang; Bo Qiu



Soil moisture in complex terrain: quantifying effects on atmospheric boundary layer flow and providing improved surface boundary conditions for mesoscale models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

compressible numerical weather prediction model incompressible numerical weather prediction model withcompressible numerical weather prediction model in

Daniels, Megan Hanako



Some Ising model related results for certain subshifts of finite type  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Some Ising model related results for certain subshifts of finite type Mattias Wallerstedt \\Lambda, Sweden, mattias@math.chalmers.se i #12; Abstract We generalise some results for the Ising model on nonamenable graphs 18 5 Large deviation results 21 6 References 31 iv #12; 1 Introduction The Ising model

Patriksson, Michael



E-Print Network (OSTI)

A FINITE-VOLUME VERSION OF AIZENMAN-HIGUCHI THEOREM FOR THE 2D ISING MODEL LOREN COQUILLE AND YVAN-neighbor Ising model at inverse temperature 0 are of the form µ+ + (1 - )µ- , where µ+ and µ- are the two-neighbor ferromagnetic (2d n.n.f.) Ising model, with boundary condition and at inverse temperature 0

Velenik, Yvan



E-Print Network (OSTI)

CALIBRATION OFTHE FINITE ELEMENT MODEL OFA TWELVE-SPAN PRESTRESSED CONCRETE BRIDGE USING AMBIENT health monitoring system was designed and installed in the bridge. As a critical part in the SHM process the implementation of the FE model calibration using ambient vibration data. The initial model of the bridge

Paris-Sud XI, Université de


Coupled axisymmetric finite element model of a hydraulically amplified magnetostrictive actuator for active powertrain mounts  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A coupled axisymmetric finite element model is formulated to describe the dynamic performance of a hydraulically amplified magnetostrictive actuator for active powertrain mounts. The formulation is based on the weak form representations of Maxwell's ... Keywords: Active powertrain mount, Actuator, Axisymmetric model, Magnetostriction, Terfenol-D

Suryarghya Chakrabarti; Marcelo J. Dapino



On a tensor-based finite element model for the analysis of shell structures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the present study, we propose a computational model for the linear and nonlinear analysis of shell structures. We consider a tensor-based finite element formulation which describes the mathematical shell model in a natural and simple way by using...

Arciniega Aleman, Roman Augusto



A Finite-Element Model for Simulation of Carbon Dioxide Sequestration  

SciTech Connect

Herein, we present a coupled thermal-hydro-mechanical model for geological sequestration of carbon dioxide followed by the stress, deformation, and shear-slip failure analysis. This fully coupled model considers the geomechanical response, fluid flow, and thermal transport relevant to geological sequestration. Both analytical solutions and numerical approach via finite element model are introduced for solving the thermal-hydro-mechanical model. Analytical solutions for pressure, temperature, deformation, and stress field were obtained for a simplified typical geological sequestration scenario. The finite element model is more general and can be used for arbitrary geometry. It was built on an open-source finite element code, Elmer, and was designed to simulate the entire period of CO2 injection (up to decades) both stably and accurately—even for large time steps. The shear-slip failure analysis was implemented based on the numerical results from the finite element model. The analysis reveals the potential failure zone caused by the fluid injection and thermal effect. From the simulation results, the thermal effect is shown to enhance well injectivity, especially at the early time of the injection. However, it also causes some side effects, such as the appearance of a small failure zone in the caprock. The coupled thermal-hydro-mechanical model improves prediction of displacement, stress distribution, and potential failure zone compared to the model that neglects non-isothermal effects, especially in an area with high geothermal gradient.

Bao, Jie; Xu, Zhijie; Fang, Yilin



Modeling the Effect of Finite-Rate Hydrogen Diffusion on Porosity Formation in Aluminum Alloys  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Modeling the Effect of Finite-Rate Hydrogen Diffusion on Porosity Formation in Aluminum Alloys KENT of hydrogen in the melt is developed to predict pore formation during the solidification of aluminum alloys by Lee et al.[3] Recent examples of porosity models for aluminum alloy castings, including the effect

Beckermann, Christoph


Development and applications of two finite element groundwater flow and contaminant transport models: FEWA and FEMA  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents the construction, verification, and application of two groundwater flow and contaminant transport models: A Finite Element Model of Water Flow through Aquifers (FEWA) and A Finite Element Model of Material Transport through Aquifers (FEMA). The construction is based on the finite element approximation of partial differential equations of groundwater flow (FEWA) and of solute movement (FEMA). The particular features of FEWA and FEMA are their versatility and flexibility for dealing with nearly all vertically integrated two-dimensional problems. The models were verified against both analytical solutions and widely used US Geological Survey finite difference approximations. They were then applied for calibration and validation, using data obtained in experiments at the Engineering Test Facility at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Results indicated that the models are valid for this specific site. To demonstrate the versatility anf flexibility of the models, they were applied to two hypothetical, but realistic, complex problems and three field sites across the United States. In these applications the models yielded good agreement with the field data for all three sites. Finally, the predictive capabilities of the models were demonstrated using data obtained at the Hialeah Preston site in Florida. This case illustrates the capability of FEWA and FEMA as predictive tools and their usefulness in the management of groundwater flow and contaminant transport. 25 refs.

Yeh, G.T.; Wong, K.V.; Craig, P.M.; Davis, E.C.



A Mixed Finite-Element Discretization of the Energy-Transport Model for Semiconductors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Mixed Finite-Element Discretization of the Energy-Transport Model for Semiconductors Stefan Holst #12;tting mixed #12;nite-element method is used to discretize the stationary energy. Energy-transport models describe the ow of electrons through a semi- conductor device, in uenced by di

Pietra, Paola



E-Print Network (OSTI)

], the BBM equation [4] and Boussinesq systems [11, 40, 8]. All these models assume the wave to be weakly to dispersive unidi- rectional water wave propagation in one space dimension. In particular we consider a KdV-BBM differential equation modeling unidirectional wave propagation. Specifically, we consider the KdV-BBM equation

Paris-Sud XI, Université de


Finite-Size Scaling for the Ising Model on the Möbius Strip and the Klein Bottle  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We study the finite-size scaling properties of the Ising model on the Möbius strip and the Klein bottle. The results are compared with those of the Ising model under different boundary conditions, that is, the free, cylindrical, and toroidal boundary conditions. The difference in the magnetization distribution function p(m) for various boundary conditions is discussed in terms of the number of the percolating clusters and the cluster size. We also find interesting aspect-ratio dependence of the value of the Binder parameter at T=Tc for various boundary conditions. We discuss the relation to the finite-size correction calculations for the dimer statistics.

Kazuhisa Kaneda and Yutaka Okabe



Finite-density effective sigma meson mass in chiral models  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Properties of chirally-invariant models of nuclear matter are calculated with the relativistic Hartree approximation. Our emphasis is on the behavior of the effective ? meson mass. We find that the effective ? mass does not scale with the effective nucleon mass, which in these calculations is proportional to the expectation value of the ? field, i.e., the chiral order parameter. These results suggest that a decrease in the effective ? mass with increasing nucleon density is not a generic feature of chiral models. We also find that the incompressibility of nuclear matter is lower for those models with higher effective ? masses.

David K. Griegel and Thomas D. Cohen



Heat Transport in Groundwater Systems--Finite Element Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

into groundwater aquifers for long term energy storage. Analytical solutions are available that predict water temperatures as hot water is injected into a groundwater aquifer, but little field and laboratory data are available to verify these models. The objectives...

Grubaugh, E. K.; Reddell, D. L.


Finite Element Modeling of the Fastening Systems and the Concrete  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sleeper and Ballast 0 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 3000 3500 4000 0.0000 0.0002 0.0004 0.0006 0.0008 0 of strands Rail seat area is between 0.39 m to 0.67 m Rail Seat Area Component Modeling: Concrete Sleeper Seat Area Position of concrete surface strain lt = 0.48 m Component Modeling: Concrete Sleeper

Barkan, Christopher P.L.


Building relativistic mean field models for finite nuclei and neutron stars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Background: Theoretical approaches based on density functional theory provide the only tractable method to incorporate the wide range of densities and isospin asymmetries required to describe finite nuclei, infinite nuclear matter, and neutron stars. Purpose: A relativistic energy density functional (EDF) is developed to address the complexity of such diverse nuclear systems. Moreover, a statistical perspective is adopted to describe the information content of various physical observables. Methods: We implement the model optimization by minimizing a suitably constructed chi-square objective function using various properties of finite nuclei and neutron stars. The minimization is then supplemented by a covariance analysis that includes both uncertainty estimates and correlation coefficients. Results: A new model, FSUGold2, is created that can well reproduce the ground-state properties of finite nuclei, their monopole response, and that accounts for the maximum neutron star mass observed up to date. In particul...

Chen, Wei-Chia



Long range propagation modeling of offshore wind turbine noise using finite element and parabolic equation models  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Noise generated by offshore wind turbines and support structures radiates and propagates through the air water and sediment. Predicting noise levels around wind turbine structures at sea is required to estimate the effects of the noise on marine life. We used Finite Element(FE) and Parabolic Equation (PE) models to predict long range propagation of noise from the construction and operation of offshore wind turbines.FEanalysis produced pressure outputs at short ranges were used as a starting field for a modified PE propagation model. Furthermore we investigated the optimum range for the transition to PE modeling. The effects of various sediment types were also considered determining the pressure starting field. In FEanalysis models we implemented the axisymmetric elements and implicit dynamic analysis with pressureimpact loading and vertical acceleration boundary conditions to simulate pile driving and operational noise radiation. We will present the PE long range pressure field outputs from the offshore pile driving and operation for a shallow water environment around Block Island Rhode Island.

Huikwan Kim; Gopu R. Potty; James H. Miller; Kevin B. Smith; Georges Dossot


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While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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Temporal Changes in Wind as Objects for Evaluating Mesoscale Numerical Weather Prediction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a method of evaluating numerical weather prediction models by comparing the characteristics of temporal for biases in features forecast by the model. 1. Introduction Verification of numerical weather predictionTemporal Changes in Wind as Objects for Evaluating Mesoscale Numerical Weather Prediction DARAN L

Knievel, Jason Clark


Solution of Nonlinear Rational Expectations Models with Applications toFinite-Horizon Life-Cycle Models of Consumption  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper considers the solution of nonlinear rational expectations models resulting from the optimality conditions of a finite-horizon intertemporal optimization problem satisfying Bellman's principle of optimality (and possibly involving inequality ... Keywords: exact and certainty-equivalent solutions, intertemporal consumer choice, minimum weighted residual method, nonlinear rational expectations models

Michael Binder; M. Hashem Pesaran; S. Hossein Samiei



How does trench coupling lead to mountain building in the Subandes? A viscoelastoplastic finite element model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

How does trench coupling lead to mountain building in the Subandes? A viscoelastoplastic finite element model Gang Luo1 and Mian Liu1 Received 10 June 2008; revised 3 December 2008; accepted 2 February cause of the Andean mountain building. The present-day crustal shortening in the Andes is clear from

Liu, Mian


Three-dimensional finite difference time domain modeling of the Schumann resonance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Three-dimensional finite difference time domain modeling of the Schumann resonance parameters to as Schumann resonances and are excited by lightning discharges. The detection of such resonances on other frequency propagation is employed to study the Schumann resonance problems on Titan, Venus, and Mars

Pasko, Victor


A Finite Element Model for Ice Ball Evolution in a Multi-probe Cryosurgery  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to intracellular ice injury for fast cooling rates, and solution effects injury for slow cooling rates. BasicallyA Finite Element Model for Ice Ball Evolution in a Multi-probe Cryosurgery RICHARD WANa, *, ZHIHONG October 2002; In final form 8 May 2003) The ice formation in a water body is examined for the computation

Wan, Richard G.


Meson properties in a nonlocal SU(3) chiral quark model at finite temperature  

SciTech Connect

Finite temperature meson properties are studied in the context of a nonlocal SU(3) quark model which includes flavor mixing and the coupling of quarks to the Polyakov loop (PL). We analyze the behavior of scalar and pseudoscalar meson masses and mixing angles, as well as quark-meson couplings and pseudoscalar meson decay constants.

Contrera, G. A. [CONICET, Rivadavia 1917, 1033 Buenos Aires (Argentina); Physics Department, Centro Atomico Constituyentes, Buenos Aires (Argentina); Gomez Dumm, D. [CONICET, Rivadavia 1917, 1033 Buenos Aires (Argentina); IFLP, Dpto. de Fisica, Universidad Nacional de La Plata, C.C. 67, (1900) La Plata (Argentina); Scoccola, N. N. [CONICET, Rivadavia 1917, 1033 Buenos Aires (Argentina); Universidad Favaloro, Solis 453, 1078 Buenos Aires (Argentina)




E-Print Network (OSTI)

V95], the BBM equation [BBM72] and Boussinesq systems [Bou72, Per67, BCS02]. All these models as- sume to dispersive unidi- rectional water wave propagation in one space dimension. In particular we consider a KdV-BBM the KdV-BBM equation in its general form: ut + ux + uux - uxxt + uxxx = 0, (1.1) for x R, t > 0

Paris-Sud XI, Université de


Thermodynamics and fluctuations of conserved charges in Hadron Resonance Gas model in finite volume  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The thermodynamics of hot and dense matter created in heavy-ion collision experiments are usually studied as a system of infinite volume. Here we report on possible effects for considering a finite system size for such matter in the framework of the Hadron Resonance Gas model. The bulk thermodynamic variables as well as the fluctuations of conserved charges are considered. We find that the finite size effects are insignificant once the observables are scaled with the respective volumes. The only substantial effect is found in the fluctuations of electric charge which may therefore be used to extract information about the volume of fireball created in heavy-ion collision experiments.

Bhattacharyya, Abhijit; Samanta, Subhasis; Sur, Subrata



Structure of finite-RSB asymptotic Gibbs measures in the diluted spin glass models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We suggest a possible approach to proving the M\\'ezard-Parisi formula for the free energy in the diluted spin glass models, such as diluted K-spin or random K-sat model at any positive temperature. In the main contribution of the paper, we show that a certain small modification of the Hamiltonian in any of these models forces all finite-RSB asymptotic Gibbs measures in the sense of the overlaps to satisfy the M\\'ezard-Parisi ansatz for the distribution of spins. Unfortunately, what is still missing is a description of the general full-RSB asymptotic Gibbs measures. If one could show that the general case can be approximated by finite-RSB case in the right sense then one could a posteriori remove the small modification of the Hamiltonian to recover the M\\'ezard-Parisi formula for the original model.

Dmitry Panchenko



Distributed three-dimensional finite-difference modeling of wave propagation in acoustic media  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Finite-difference modeling of wave propagation in heterogeneous media is a useful technique in a number of disciplines including earthquake and oil exploration seismology laboratory ultrasonics ocean acoustics radar imaging nondestructive evaluation and others. However the size of the models that can be treated by finite-difference methods in three spatial dimensions has limited their application to supercomputers. We describe a finite-difference domain-decomposition method for the three-dimensional acoustic wave equation which is well suited to distributed parallelization. We have implemented this algorithm using the PVM message-passing library and show here benchmarks on two different distributed memory architectures the IBM SP2 and a network of low-cost PCs running the Linux operating system. We present performance measurements of this algorithm on both the low-bandwidth PC network (10-Mbits/s Ethernet) and the high-bandwidth SP2 cluster (40-Mbits/s switch). These results demonstrate the feasibility of doing distributed finite-difference acoustic modeling on networks of workstations but point to the substantial efficiencies that can be expected as higher bandwidth networks become available. © 1997 American Institute of Physics.

Alberto Villarreal



CP(N-1) model on finite interval in the large N limit  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The CP(N-1) \\sigma\\ model on finite interval of length R with Dirichlet boundary conditions is analysed in the 1/N expansion. The theory has two phases, separated by a phase transition at R ~ 1/\\Lambda, \\Lambda\\ is dynamical scale of the CP(N-1) model. The vacuum energy dependence of R, and especially Casimir-type scaling 1/R, is discussed.

A. Milekhin



Quark matter and meson properties in a Nonlocal SU(3) chiral quark model at finite temperature  

SciTech Connect

We study the finite temperature behavior of light scalar and pseudoscalar meson properties in the context of a three-flavor nonlocal chiral quark model. The model includes mixing with active strangeness degrees of freedom, and takes care of the effect of gauge interactions by coupling the quarks with a background color field. We analyze the chiral restoration and deconfinement transitions, as well as the temperature dependence of meson masses, mixing angles, and decay constants.

Gomez Dumm, D., E-mail: dumm@fisica.unlp.edu.ar [UNLP, IFLP, Departamento de Fisica (Argentina); Contrera, G. A., E-mail: contrera@tandar.cnea.gov.ar [CONICET (Argentina)



Electrical-Thermal-Structural Coupled Finite Element Model of High Temperature Superconductor for Resistive Type Fault Current Limiters  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A multi-physics finite element model of high-temperature superconductors (HTS) will be presented in this article. The electrical-thermal model is mainly based on Maxwell’s equation and basic heat transfer equa...

J. Sheng; Y. Chen; B. Lin; L. Ying; Z. Jin…



Building relativistic mean field models for finite nuclei and neutron stars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Background: Theoretical approaches based on density functional theory provide the only tractable method to incorporate the wide range of densities and isospin asymmetries required to describe finite nuclei, infinite nuclear matter, and neutron stars. Purpose: A relativistic energy density functional (EDF) is developed to address the complexity of such diverse nuclear systems. Moreover, a statistical perspective is adopted to describe the information content of various physical observables. Methods: We implement the model optimization by minimizing a suitably constructed chi-square objective function using various properties of finite nuclei and neutron stars. The minimization is then supplemented by a covariance analysis that includes both uncertainty estimates and correlation coefficients. Results: A new model, FSUGold2, is created that can well reproduce the ground-state properties of finite nuclei, their monopole response, and that accounts for the maximum neutron star mass observed up to date. In particular, the model predicts both a stiff symmetry energy and a soft equation of state for symmetric nuclear matter--suggesting a fairly large neutron-skin thickness in Pb208 and a moderate value of the nuclear incompressibility. Conclusions: We conclude that without any meaningful constraint on the isovector sector, relativistic EDFs will continue to predict significantly large neutron skins. However, the calibration scheme adopted here is flexible enough to create models with different assumptions on various observables. Such a scheme--properly supplemented by a covariance analysis--provides a powerful tool to identify the critical measurements required to place meaningful constraints on theoretical models.

Wei-Chia Chen; J. Piekarewicz



A new class of finite element variational multiscale turbulence models for incompressible magnetohydrodynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

New large eddy simulation (LES) turbulence models for incompressible magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) derived from the variational multiscale (VMS) formulation for finite element simulations are introduced. The new models include the variational multiscale formulation, a residual-based eddy viscosity model, and a mixed model that combines both of these component models. Each model contains terms that are proportional to the residual of the incompressible MHD equations and is therefore numerically consistent. Moreover, each model is also dynamic, in that its effect vanishes when this residual is small. The new models are tested on the decaying MHD Taylor Green vortex at low and high Reynolds numbers. The evaluation of the models is based on comparisons with available data from direct numerical simulations (DNS) of the time evolution of energies as well as energy spectra at various discrete times. A numerical study, on a sequence of meshes, is presented that demonstrates that the large eddy simulation approaches the ...

Sondak, David; Oberai, Assad A; Pawlowski, Roger P; Cyr, Eric C; Smith, Tom M



Propagation of Wind Energy into the Deep Ocean through a Fully Turbulent Mesoscale Eddy Field  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The authors analyze the 3D propagation of wind-forced near-inertial motions in a fully turbulent mesoscale eddy field with a primitive equation numerical model. Although the wind stress is uniform, the near-inertial motion field quickly becomes ...

Eric Danioux; Patrice Klein; Pascal Rivière



A coupled mesoscale–microscale framework for wind resource estimation and farm aerodynamics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This study discusses the development of a coupled mesoscale–microscale framework for wind resource estimation and farm aerodynamics. WINDWYO is a computational framework for performing coupled mesoscale–microscale simulations. The framework is modular, automated and supports coupling of different mesoscale and microscale solvers using overset or matched grids. The modular nature of the framework and the support for overset grids allows the independent development of mesoscale and microscale solvers and the efficient coupling between the codes. The performance of the framework is evaluated by coupling Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model with three microscale computational fluid dynamics (CFD) codes of varying complexity. The solvers used are: (i) UWake: a blade element model with free-vortex wake, (ii) Flowyo: large eddy simulation code with actuator line/disk parametrization of the wind turbine and (iii) HELIOS: detached eddy simulation code with full rotor modeling and adaptive mesh refinement. Power predictions and wake visualization of single turbine and off-shore Lillgrund wind farm in uniform and turbulent inflow are used to demonstrate the capabilities of the framework.

Harish Gopalan; Christopher Gundling; Kevin Brown; Beatrice Roget; Jayanarayanan Sitaraman; Jefferey D. Mirocha; Wayne O. Miller



AMPS, a real-time mesoscale modeling system, has provided a decade of service for scientific and logistical needs and has helped advance polar numerical weather prediction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and logistical needs and has helped advance polar numerical weather prediction as well as understanding support for the USAP. The concern at the time was the numerical weather prediction (NWP) guidance-time implementation of the Weather Research and Forecasting model (WRF; Skamarock et al. 2008) to support the U

Howat, Ian M.


The sensitivity of the PSU-NCAR model (MM5) to cumulus parameterization in simulating the mesoscale environment associated with 2 June 1995 West Texas tornado outbreak  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

schemes. The model simulation has a 67 x 67 grid domain centered at 35[] N and 102[] W with 27 km grid spacing, and starts at 12 UTC 2 June for 12-h forecast. The simulation results showed that, even though the general features agreed well among the three...

Han, Sang-Ok



Finite element model-simulation-based characterization of a magnetostrictive gyrosensor  

SciTech Connect

This paper analyzes a prototype microgyrosensor that employs the magnetostrictive alloy Galfenol for transduction of Coriolis-induced forces into an electrical output for quantifying a given angular velocity. The magnetic induction distribution in the Galfenol sensor patch depends on its bending shape and magnetoelastic properties and is investigated using a finite element model. Fluctuations in magnetic induction caused by a sinusoidal rotation of the sensor produce an amplitude modulated voltage in a surrounding coil which is simulated and measured.

Marschner, U. [Institute for Semiconductor and Microsystems Technology, Technische Universitaet Dresden, 01062 Dresden (Germany); Graham, F.; Yoo, J.-H.; Flatau, A. B. [Department of Aerospace Engineering, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20742 (United States); Mudivarthi, C. [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20742 (United States); Neubert, H. [Institute for Electromechanical and Electronic Design, Technische Universitaet Dresden, 01062 Dresden (Germany)


Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mesoscale modeling finite" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


Implementation of surface tension with wall adhesion effects in a three-dimensional finite element model for fluid flow  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

- 1 - Implementation of surface tension with wall adhesion effects in a three-dimensional finite element modelling of surface tension. The external stress vectors associated with surface tension a drop of liquid on a plane is treated. Keywords : surface tension, finite element method, average

Boyer, Edmond


Dynamics of strong-coupling models for cuprate superconductors: Exact results on finite lattices  

SciTech Connect

We discuss recent applications of exact numerical continued fraction expansion (CFE) techniques to calculate dynamical correlation functions of various strong-coupling models related to the high-temperature cuprate superconductors. For the two-dimensional square-lattice spin-1/2 Heisenberg antiferromagnet, we present exact results for the zero-temperature dynamical structure factor on finite-sized lattices and compare them to approximate results from a Schwinger boson mean-field theory, recently proposed by Arovas and Auerbach. We find that the mean-field theory represents a very good approximation to the exact spin excitation spectra and to the static spin correlations. We then investigation the dynamical spin-spin structure factor and the single-particle spectral function for finite model clusters with dopant induced hole-type charge carriers, in the strong-coupling limit of both the single-band Hubbard model (t-J-model) and the three-band Hubbard model (Kondo-Heisenberg model). Our results are consistent with the physical picture recently proposed by Zhang and Rice which implies an approximate mapping of the low-energy states in the three-band model onto an effective single-band theory. 33 refs., 4 figs.

Schuettler, H.B.; Chen, C.-X. (Georgia Univ., Athens, GA (USA). Center for Simulational Physics); Fedro, A.J. (Argonne National Lab., IL (USA) Northern Illinois Univ., Dekalb, IL (USA). Dept. of Physics)



An outgoing energy flux boundary condition for finite difference ICRP antenna models  

SciTech Connect

For antennas at the ion cyclotron range of frequencies (ICRF) modeling in vacuum can now be carried out to a high level of detail such that shaping of the current straps, isolating septa, and discrete Faraday shield structures can be included. An efficient approach would be to solve for the fields in the vacuum region near the antenna in three dimensions by finite methods and to match this solution at the plasma-vacuum interface to a solution obtained in the plasma region in one dimension by Fourier methods. This approach has been difficult to carry out because boundary conditions must be imposed at the edge of the finite difference grid on a point-by-point basis, whereas the condition for outgoing energy flux into the plasma is known only in terms of the Fourier transform of the plasma fields. A technique is presented by which a boundary condition can be imposed on the computational grid of a three-dimensional finite difference, or finite element, code by constraining the discrete Fourier transform of the fields at the boundary points to satisfy an outgoing energy flux condition appropriate for the plasma. The boundary condition at a specific grid point appears as a coupling to other grid points on the boundary, with weighting determined by a kemel calctdated from the plasma surface impedance matrix for the various plasma Fourier modes. This boundary condition has been implemented in a finite difference solution of a simple problem in two dimensions, which can also be solved directly by Fourier transformation. Results are presented, and it is shown that the proposed boundary condition does enforce outgoing energy flux and yields the same solution as is obtained by Fourier methods.

Batchelor, D.B.; Carter, M.D.



A finite-patch model of a flexible plate via Kane's dynamics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Military hardware must undergo extensive shock-response analysis to predict survivability to mechanical shock. Although finite element modelling is commonly used to model such hardware, alternative methods which offer the possibility of shorter modelling, modification, or simulation times continue to be desirable. This research effort applies Kane's dynamics to the problem of plate modelling, toward shock-response analysis of homogeneous plates having various geometries and boundary conditions. Analytical equations of motion are found for a continuous flexible plate that is discretised in checkerboard fashion as a patchwork of rigid rectangular patches connected by flexible springs and damped modally. A MATLAB implementation is used to validate the model against pertinent analytical and numerical benchmark analyses, for a variety of boundary conditions. The model is then reduced by applying non-holonomic constraints directly using Kane's method, and revalidated via MATLAB for a rectangular plate in simple support.

R. David Hampton



Modeling of reactor components using FIDAP: a finite element computer code  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. ? e model are listed in table 1. 19 CHAPTER III FLUID AND THERMAL MIXING IN THE COLD LEG AND DOWNCOMER OF A PWR - A BENCHMARK In order to vahdste the code FIDAP, s, thermal mixing experiment is simulated This is basically a test of the field...MODELING OF REACTOR COMPONENTS USING FIDAP - A FINITE ELEMENT COMPUTE& CODE A Thesrs by ANAND GANGADHARAN Subnutted to the Office of Graduate Stuches of Texs, s ARM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree...

Gangadharan, Anand



Formation of mesoscale roughening in 6022-T4 Al sheets deformed in plane-strain tension  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Mesoscale surface-roughening evolution in 6022-T4 Al sheets was ... are central to the formation of mesoscale surface roughening.

Y. S. Choi; H. R. Piehler; A. D. Rollett



A finite difference model for low frequency sound measurement in kraft recovery boilers.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Kraft recovery boilers greatly enhance the efficiency of paper pulp mills by burning the organic wastes recovered from the pulp making process and generating electricity but significant smelt?water explosion hazards exist when steam is used as the working fluid due to sodiumcompounds in the sludge from the waste incineration process. Current practice is to use acoustic emission sensors to monitor for leaks in the bottom wall and to initiate an automatic shutdown sequence for the boiler once a leak is detected. A high?frequency model previously developed by the authors and verified by measurements performed in Skoghall Sweden indicated strong attenuation in the sludge between the point of leakage and the detectors but experimental results demonstrated a pass band at low frequencies (under 20 kHz). In this paper the authors develop a two?degree?of?freedom finite difference model for the prediction of acoustic attenuation at low frequencies. The bottom wall is modeled as a periodic tube and fin arrangement and a time?domain finite difference method is used whereby the fin and tube are simple lumped elements. The model is then compared to previous experimental results with which excellent agreement is obtained.

Robert Hildebrand; Matthew Carroll; Ville Jarvinen; Juha Miettinen



Numerical modeling of buoyancy-driven flows in a rotating cylindrical cavity: Comparison of a finite element model with a spectral model  

SciTech Connect

A finite element model is developed for the prediction of the motion of rotating Boussinesq fluid driven by buoyancy. The computations are performed for the axisymmetric regime in an annular cavity for Reynolds number varying from 0 to 2,500. The results are compared with those of an earlier study of this problem using a spectral Tau-Chebyshev method. The good agreement found assesses the finite element model. Finally, a complementary convergence analysis gives the sensitivity of the model to mesh refinement.

Jaeger, M.; Medale, M.; Randriamanpianina, A. [Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Marseille (France)



Computational upscaled modeling of heterogeneous porous media flow utilizing finite volume method  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-Gupta (Member) Al Boggess (Head of Department) May 2004 Major Subject: Mathematics iii ABSTRACT Computational Upscaled Modeling of Heterogeneous Porous Media Flow Utilizing Finite Volume Method. (May 2004) Victor Eralingga Ginting, B.S., Institute of Technology... of L2 norm of solution error for =h = 0:64, and n = 16. 39 3.6 Comparison of L2 norm of solution error for N = 32. : : : : : : : : : 39 3.7 Results for anisotropic case, lx1 = 0:40, lx2 = 0:01, = 1:0. : : : : : : 41 3.8 Results for anisotropic case...

Ginting, Victor Eralingga



Three-dimensional finite element modeling of a magnet array spinning above a conductor  

SciTech Connect

Drag forces due to eddy currents induced by the relative motion of a conductor and a magnetic field occur in many practical devices: motors, brakes, magnetic bearings, and magnetically levitated vehicles. Recently, finite element codes have included solvers for 3-D eddy current geometries and have the potential to be very useful in the design and analysis of these devices. In this paper, numerical results from three-dimensional modeling of a magnet array spinning above a conductor are compared to experimental results in order to assess the capabilities of these codes.

Lorimer, W.L.; Lieu, D.K. [Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). Dept. of Mechanical Engineering; Hull, J.R.; Mulcahy, T.M.; Rossing, T.D. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)



Three-dimensional finite-element model for simulating water flow in variability saturated porous media  

SciTech Connect

A three-dimensional finite-element model for simulating water flow in variably saturated porous media is presented. The model formulation is general and capable of accommodating complex boundary conditions associated with seepage faces and infiltration or evaporation on the soil surface. Included in this formulation is an improved Picard algorithm designed to cope with severely nonlinear soil moisture relations. The algorithm is formulated for both rectangular and triangular prism elements. The element matrices are evaluated using an influence coefficient technique that avoids costly numerical integration. Spatial discretization of a three-dimensional regions is performed using a vertical slicing approach designed to accommodate complex geometry with irregular boundaries, layering, and/or lateral discontinuities. Matrix solution is achieved using a slice successive overrelaxation scheme that permits a fairly large number of nodal unknowns (on the order of several thousand) to be handled efficiently on small minicomputers. Six examples are presented to verify and demonstrate the utility of the proposed finite-element model. The first four examples concern one- and two-dimensional flow problems used as sample problems to benchmark the code. The remaining examples concern three-dimensions problems. These problems are used to illustrate the performance of the proposed algorithm in three-dimensional situations involving seepage faces and anisotropic soil media.

Huyakorn, P.S.; Springer, E.P.; Guvanasen, V.; Wadsworth, T.D.



Defmod - Parallel multiphysics finite element code for modeling crustal deformation during the earthquake/rifting cycle  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this article, we present Defmod, a fully unstructured, two or three dimensional, parallel finite element code for modeling crustal deformation over time scales ranging from milliseconds to thousands of years. Defmod can simulate deformation due to all major processes that make up the earthquake/rifting cycle, in non-homogeneous media. Specifically, it can be used to model deformation due to dynamic and quasistatic processes such as co-seismic slip or dike intrusion(s), poroelastic rebound due to fluid flow and post-seismic or post-rifting viscoelastic relaxation. It can also be used to model deformation due to processes such as post-glacial rebound, hydrological (un)loading, injection and/or withdrawal of compressible or incompressible fluids from subsurface reservoirs etc. Defmod is written in Fortran 95 and uses PETSc's parallel sparse data structures and implicit solvers. Problems can be solved using (stabilized) linear triangular, quadrilateral, tetrahedral or hexahedral elements on shared or distribut...

Ali, S Tabrez



Seismic wave propagation in coal seams: finite element modelling and field tests  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In-seam seismic (ISS) refers to methods which utilise artificially generated channel waves trapped in coal seam to locate geologic disturbances and mine voids. It is one of the basic geophysical methods for underground survey. The advantage of ISS is that seismic energy is better preserved in coal seams and seismic waves can travel and be detected over much larger distances in comparison with body waves which radiate three-dimensionally. It is also convenient and reasonable to set up a two-dimensional model to study the wave propagation characteristics. Using a commercial finite element method (FEM) modelling software, both transmission and reflection tests were simulated. Field experiments of the ISS technology have been carried out at underground coal mines. The results demonstrated that two-dimensional FEM modelling appears to be a satisfactory approach for ISS simulation, and if used properly, ISS technology can successfully detect mine voids and geologic discontinuities.

Hongliang Wang; Maochen Ge



Finite-geometry models of electric field noise from patch potentials in ion traps  

SciTech Connect

We model electric field noise from fluctuating patch potentials on conducting surfaces by taking into account the finite geometry of the ion trap electrodes to gain insight into the origin of anomalous heating in ion traps. The scaling of anomalous heating rates with surface distance d is obtained for several generic geometries of relevance to current ion trap designs, ranging from planar to spheroidal electrodes. The influence of patch size is studied both by solving Laplace's equation in terms of the appropriate Green's function as well as through an eigenfunction expansion. Scaling with surface distance is found to be highly dependent on the choice of geometry and the relative scale between the spatial extent of the electrode, the ion-electrode distance, and the patch size. Our model generally supports the d{sup -4} dependence currently found by most experiments and models, but also predicts geometry-driven deviations from this trend.

Low, Guang Hao [MIT-Harvard Center for Ultracold Atoms, Department of Physics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 (United States); Department of Physics, Cavendish Laboratory, J. J. Thomson Avenue, Cambridge, CB3 0HE (United Kingdom); Herskind, Peter F.; Chuang, Isaac L. [MIT-Harvard Center for Ultracold Atoms, Department of Physics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 (United States)



Finite size scaling of the 5D Ising model with free boundary conditions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

There has been a long running debate on the finite size scaling for the Ising model with free boundary conditions above the upper critical dimension, where the standard picture gives a $L^2$ scaling for the susceptibility and an alternative theory has promoted a $L^{5/2}$ scaling, as would be the case for cyclic boundary. In this paper we present results from simulation of the far largest systems used so far, up to side $L=160$ and find that this data clearly supports the standard scaling. Further we present a discussion of why rigorous results for the random-cluster model provides both supports the standard scaling picture and provides a clear explanation of why the scalings for free and cyclic boundary should be different.

Lundow, P H



Two-dimensional thermo-mechanical finite element model for laser cladding  

SciTech Connect

Temperature and stress fields during Laser Cladding determine, respectively, the microstructure and residual stress induced deformation and crack formation. As laser cladding processes find application in manufacturing, understanding of the temperature and stress fields becomes crucial for development of the relationship between process parameters and service behavior. A two-dimensional model of laser cladding is developed, using the finite element software package ABAQUS. It enables an investigation of the temperature field that develops at the center plane of the material. This temperature field provides the input for a thermal stress analysis, for which generalized plane strain was assumed. The goal of the present paper is to perform a quantitative evaluation of the residual stresses that develop at the two-layered material, as a function of process parameters such as scanning speed, laser power and powder feed rate. Results of the model are presented, as applied to cladding of C95600 on AA333.

Deus, A.M. de; Mazumder, J. [Univ. of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, IL (United States)



Finite Element Analysis of the Amontons-Coulomb's Model using Local and Global Friction Tests  

SciTech Connect

In spite of the abundant number of experimental friction tests that have been reported, the contact with friction modeling persists to be one of the factors that determine the effectiveness of sheet metal forming simulation. This difficulty can be understood due to the nature of the friction phenomena, which comprises the interaction of different factors connected to both sheet and tools' surfaces. Although in finite element numerical simulations friction models are commonly applied at the local level, they normally rely on parameters identified based on global experimental tests results. The aim of this study is to analyze the applicability of the Amontons-Coulomb's friction coefficient identified using complementary tests: (i) load-scanning, at the local level and (ii) draw-bead, at the global level; to the numerical simulation of sheet metal forming processes.

Oliveira, M. C.; Menezes, L. F.; Ramalho, A. [CEMUC, Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Coimbra, Polo II, Rua Luis Reis Santos, Pinhal de Marrocos, 3030-788 Coimbra (Portugal); Alves, J. L. [Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Minho, Campus de Azurem, 4800-058, Guimaraes (Portugal)



The Casimir force on a piston at finite temperature in Randall-Sundrum models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Casimir effect for a three-parallel-plate system at finite temperature within the frame of five-dimensional Randall-Sundrum models is studied. In the case of Randall-Sundrum model involving two branes we find that the Casimir force depends on the plates distance and temperature after one outer plate has been moved to the distant place. Further we discover that the sign of the reduced force is negative as the plate and piston locate very close, but the reduced force nature becomes repulsive when the plates distance is not very tiny and finally the repulsive force vanishes with extremely large plates separation. The thermal influence causes the repulsive Casimir force greater. Within the frame of one-brane scenario the reduced Casimir force between the piston and one plate left keeps attractive no matter how high the temperature is. It is interesting that the thermal effect leads the attractive Casimir force greater instead of changing the force nature.

Hongbo Cheng



Finite-size effects for the Ising model on helical tori N. Sh. Izmailian1,2,3  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Finite-size effects for the Ising model on helical tori N. Sh. Izmailian1,2,3 and Chin-Kun Hu1 11 October 2007 We analyze the exact partition function of the Ising model on a square lattice under attention in recent decades. Based on the exactly known partition function of the two-dimensional 2D Ising



E-Print Network (OSTI)

FINITE RATE OF INNOVATION BASED MODELING AND COMPRESSION OF ECG SIGNALS G. Baechler N. Freris R and compress ECG signals. This technique generalizes classical FRI estimation to enable the use of a sum of asym- metric Cauchy-based pulses for modeling electrocardiogram (ECG) signals. We experimentally show

Dalang, Robert C.

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Finite-element modelling of YBCO fault current limiter with temperature dependent  

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In this paper, we present a numerical model which takes into account both the thermal and the electromagnetic aspects of the over-critical current regime for high-temperature superconducting (HTS) materials. The electromagnetic and thermal equations have been implemented in finite-element method (FEM) software in order to obtain a novel model for investigating the behaviour of the materials when the current exceeds Ic and the superconductor material goes to the normal state. The thermal dependence of the electrical parameters, such as the critical current density Jc, has been introduced. This model has been used to analyse the behaviour of strip lines of a YBCO/Au fault current limiter (FCL) on a sapphire substrate. Simulations with currents exceeding Ic have been performed, showing that the current limitation phase can be correctly reproduced. Such a model can be used to study the influence of the geometry on the performance of the FCL. It can replace experiments with currents exceeding Ic which may damage or destroy HTS samples and devices.

J Duron; F Grilli; L Antognazza; M Decroux; B Dutoit; Ø Fischer



Quantum-corrected drift-diffusion models: Solution fixed point map and finite element approximation  

SciTech Connect

This article deals with the analysis of the functional iteration, denoted Generalized Gummel Map (GGM), proposed in [C. de Falco, A.L. Lacaita, E. Gatti, R. Sacco, Quantum-Corrected Drift-Diffusion Models for Transport in Semiconductor Devices, J. Comp. Phys. 204 (2) (2005) 533-561] for the decoupled solution of the Quantum Drift-Diffusion (QDD) model. The solution of the problem is characterized as being a fixed point of the GGM, which permits the establishment of a close link between the theoretical existence analysis and the implementation of a numerical tool, which was lacking in previous non-constructive proofs [N.B. Abdallah, A. Unterreiter, On the stationary quantum drift-diffusion model, Z. Angew. Math. Phys. 49 (1998) 251-275, R. Pinnau, A. Unterreiter, The stationary current-voltage characteristics of the quantum drift-diffusion model, SIAM J. Numer. Anal. 37 (1) (1999) 211-245]. The finite element approximation of the GGM is illustrated, and the main properties of the numerical fixed point map (discrete maximum principle and order of convergence) are discussed. Numerical results on realistic nanoscale devices are included to support the theoretical conclusions.

Falco, Carlo de [School of Mathematical Sciences, Dublin City University, Glasnevin, Dublin 9 (Ireland); Jerome, Joseph W. [Department of Mathematics, Northwestern University, 2033 Sheridan Road, Evanston, IL 60208-2730 (United States); Sacco, Riccardo [Dipartimento di Matematica 'F.Brioschi', Politecnico di Milano, via Bonardi 9, 20133 Milano (Italy)], E-mail: riccardo.sacco@polimi.it



Sensitivity of Mesoscale Gravity Waves to the Baroclinicity of Jet-Front Systems SHUGUANG WANG AND FUQING ZHANG  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

life cycles of baroclinic waves with a high-resolution mesoscale model. Four simulations are made starting from two-dimensional baroclinic jets having different static stability and wind shear in order-dimensional spectral analysis demonstrates that these gravity waves have multiple components with different wave


Ensemble Kalman Filter Analyses and Forecasts of a Severe Mesoscale Convective System Using Different Choices of Microphysics Schemes  

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A Weather Research and Forecasting Model (WRF)-based ensemble data assimilation system is used to produce storm-scale analyses and forecasts of the 4–5 July 2003 severe mesoscale convective system (MCS) over Indiana and Ohio, which produced ...

Dustan M. Wheatley; Nusrat Yussouf; David J. Stensrud



Multiscale Modeling with Carbon Nanotubes  

SciTech Connect

Technologically important nanomaterials come in all shapes and sizes. They can range from small molecules to complex composites and mixtures. Depending upon the spatial dimensions of the system and properties under investigation computer modeling of such materials can range from equilibrium and nonequilibrium Quantum Mechanics, to force-field-based Molecular Mechanics and kinetic Monte Carlo, to Mesoscale simulation of evolving morphology, to Finite-Element computation of physical properties. This brief review illustrates some of the above modeling techniques through a number of recent applications with carbon nanotubes: nano electromechanical sensors (NEMS), chemical sensors, metal-nanotube contacts, and polymer-nanotube composites.

Maiti, A



Mesoscale Quantization and Self-Organized Stability  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the world of technology, one of the most important forms of friction is that of rolling friction. Yet it is one of the least studied of all the known forms of energy dissipation. In the present experiments we investigate the oscillatory free-decay of a rigid cube, whose side-length is less than the diameter of the rigid cylinder on which it rests. The resulting free-decay is one of harmonic motion with damping. The non-dissipative character of the oscillation yields to a linear differential equation; however, the damping is found to involve more than a deterministic nonlinearity. Dominated by rolling friction, the damping is sensitive to the material properties of the contact surfaces. For `clean' surfaces of glass on glass, the decay shows features of mesoscale quantization and self-organized stability.

Randall D. Peters



Electrical and thermal finite element modeling of arc faults in photovoltaic bypass diodes.  

SciTech Connect

Arc faults in photovoltaic (PV) modules have caused multiple rooftop fires. The arc generates a high-temperature plasma that ignites surrounding materials and subsequently spreads the fire to the building structure. While there are many possible locations in PV systems and PV modules where arcs could initiate, bypass diodes have been suspected of triggering arc faults in some modules. In order to understand the electrical and thermal phenomena associated with these events, a finite element model of a busbar and diode was created. Thermoelectrical simulations found Joule and internal diode heating from normal operation would not normally cause bypass diode or solder failures. However, if corrosion increased the contact resistance in the solder connection between the busbar and the diode leads, enough voltage potentially would be established to arc across micron-scale electrode gaps. Lastly, an analytical arc radiation model based on observed data was employed to predicted polymer ignition times. The model predicted polymer materials in the adjacent area of the diode and junction box ignite in less than 0.1 seconds.

Bower, Ward Isaac; Quintana, Michael A.; Johnson, Jay



Meson properties at finite temperature in a three flavor nonlocal chiral quark model with Polyakov loop  

SciTech Connect

We study the finite temperature behavior of light scalar and pseudoscalar meson properties in the context of a three-flavor nonlocal chiral quark model. The model includes mixing with active strangeness degrees of freedom, and takes care of the effect of gauge interactions by coupling the quarks with the Polyakov loop. We analyze the chiral restoration and deconfinement transitions, as well as the temperature dependence of meson masses, mixing angles and decay constants. The critical temperature is found to be T{sub c{approx_equal}}202 MeV, in better agreement with lattice results than the value recently obtained in the local SU(3) PNJL model. It is seen that above T{sub c} pseudoscalar meson masses get increased, becoming degenerate with the masses of their chiral partners. The temperatures at which this matching occurs depend on the strange quark composition of the corresponding mesons. The topological susceptibility shows a sharp decrease after the chiral transition, signalling the vanishing of the U(1){sub A} anomaly for large temperatures.

Contrera, G. A. [Physics Department, Comision Nacional de Energia Atomica, Av.Libertador 8250, (1429) Buenos Aires (Argentina); CONICET, Rivadavia 1917, 1033 Buenos Aires (Argentina); Dumm, D. Gomez [CONICET, Rivadavia 1917, 1033 Buenos Aires (Argentina); IFLP, Dpto. de Fisica, Universidad Nacional de La Plata, C.C. 67, (1900) La Plata (Argentina); Scoccola, Norberto N. [Physics Department, Comision Nacional de Energia Atomica, Av.Libertador 8250, (1429) Buenos Aires (Argentina); CONICET, Rivadavia 1917, 1033 Buenos Aires (Argentina); Universidad Favaloro, Solis 453, (1078) Buenos Aires (Argentina)



Frequency domain and finite difference modeling of ventilated concrete slabs and comparison with field measurements: Part 1, modeling methodology  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper is the first of two papers that focus on the thermal modeling of building-integrated thermal energy storage (BITES) systems using frequency response (FR) and lumped-parameter finite difference (LPFD) techniques. Structural/non-structural building fabric components, such as ventilated concrete slabs (VCS) can actively store and release thermal energy effectively by passing air through their embedded air channels. These building components can be described as ventilated BITES systems. To assist the thermal analysis and control of BITES systems, modeling techniques and guidelines for FR and LPFD models of VCS are presented in this two-part paper. In this first part, modeling techniques for FR and LPFD approaches based on network theory are presented. A method for calculating the heat transfer between flowing air and ventilated components is developed for these two approaches. Discretization criteria for explicit LPFD models are discussed. For the FR approach, discrete Fourier series in complex frequency form are used to represent the boundary excitations. In the treatment of heat injection from the flowing air as internal source in the VCS, network techniques such as Thévenin theorem, heat flow division, and Y-diakoptic transform are employed. The techniques presented in this paper are applicable to other BITES with hydronic or electric charging/discharging systems. With the FR techniques, model-based control strategies based on transfer functions can be readily developed.

Yuxiang Chen; Andreas K. Athienitis; Khaled E. Galal



Satellite Observations of Mesoscale Eddy-Induced Ekman Pumping  

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Three mechanisms for self-induced Ekman pumping in the interiors of mesoscale ocean eddies are investigated. The first arises from the surface stress that occurs because of differences between surface wind and ocean velocities, resulting in Ekman ...

Peter Gaube; Dudley B. Chelton; Roger M. Samelson; Michael G. Schlax; Larry W. O’Neill


Advances in mesoscale thermal management technologies for microelectronics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents recent advances in a number of novel, high-performance cooling techniques for emerging electronics applications. Critical enabling thermal management technologies covered include microchannel transport and micropumps, jet impingement, ... Keywords: Mesoscale, Microelctronics, Thermal management

Suresh V. Garimella



Life Cycle and Mesoscale Frontal Structure of an Intermountain Cyclone  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

High-resolution analyses and MesoWest surface observations are used to examine the life cycle and mesoscale frontal structure of the “Tax Day Storm,” an intermountain cyclone that produced the second lowest sea level pressure observed in Utah ...

Gregory L. West; W. James Steenburgh



Structures and Dynamics of Quasi-2D Mesoscale Convective Systems  

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Recently, three distinct archetypes for midlatitude linear mesoscale convective systems (MCSs) have been identified. This article focuses on the fundamentals of two of these archetypes: convective lines with trailing stratiform (TS) precipitation ...

Matthew D. Parker; Richard H. Johnson



Toward a Mesoscale Observation Network in Southeast Asia  

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The current weather observation network in Southeast Asia is unable to support the accurate monitoring and prediction of the region's predominantly convective weather. Establishing a multisensor mesoscale observation network comprising automated ...

Tieh-Yong Koh; Chee-Kiat Teo



A finite element model for transient thermal/structural analysis of large composite space structures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on approximate 6 analysis techniques based on finite elements has begun. Such techniques as reduced basis techniques and generalized transform methods offer hope of solving the finite element 8 equations more efficiently. An integrated thermal/structural... integrated analysis codes. However, Mahaney, Thornton, and Dechaumphai have identified require 5 ments for such thermal/structural programs. They concluded that such analysis methods should have the following five characteristics. First, a common finite...

Lutz, James Delmar



Finite element modelling of transport and drift effects in tokamak divertor and SOL  

SciTech Connect

A finite element code is used to simulate transport of a single-species plasma in the edge and divertor of a tokamak. The physical model is based on Braginskii`s fluid equations for the conservation of particles, parallel momentum, ion and electron energy. In modelling recycling, transport of neutral density and energy is treated in the diffusion approximation. The electrostatic potential is obtained from the generalized Ohm`s law. It is used to compute the electric field and the associated E x B drift. In a first approximation, transport is assumed to be ambipolar. The system of equations is discretized on an unstructured triangular mesh, thus permitting good spatial resolution near the X-point and an accurate description of divertor plates of arbitrary shape. Special care must be taken to prevent numerical corruption of the highly anisotropic thermal diffusion. Comparisons will be made between simulations and experimental results from TdeV. This will focus, in particular, on density and temperature profiles at the divertor plates, and on the plasma parallel velocity in the SOL. The asymmetry in the power deposited to the inner and outer divertors and the effect of magnetic field reversal will be considered. Comparisons with B2-Eirene simulation results will also be presented.

Simard, M.; Marchand, R. [INRS-Energie et Materiaux, Varennes, Quebec (Canada); Boucher, C.; Gunn, J.P. [Centre Canadien de Fusion Magnetique, Varennes, Quebec (Canada)] [and others



Finite-size effects on the phase diagram of difermion condensates in two-dimensional four-fermion interaction models  

SciTech Connect

We investigate finite-size effects on the phase structure of chiral and difermion condensates at finite temperature and density in the framework of the two-dimensional large-N Nambu-Jona-Lasinio model. We take into account size-dependent effects by making use of zeta-function and compactification methods. The thermodynamic potential and the gap equations for the chiral and difermion condensed phases are then derived in the mean-field approximation. Size-dependent critical lines separating the different phases are obtained considering antiperiodic boundary conditions for the spatial coordinate.

Abreu, L. M.; Malbouisson, J. M. C. [Instituto de Fisica, Universidade Federal da Bahia, 40210-340, Salvador, BA (Brazil); Malbouisson, A. P. C. [Centro Brasileiro de Pesquisas Fisicas, MCT, 22290-180, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)



Utilization of a finite element model to verify spent nuclear fuel storage rack welds  

SciTech Connect

Elastic and plastic finite element analyses were performed for the inner tie block assembly of a 25 port fuel rack designed for installation at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) Idaho Chemical Processing Plant (ICPP). The model was specifically developed to verify the adequacy of certain welds joining components of the fuel storage rack assembly. The work scope for this task was limited to an investigation of the stress levels in the inner tie welds when the rack was subjected to seismic loads. Structural acceptance criteria used for the elastic calculations performed were as defined by the rack`s designer. Structural acceptance criteria used for the plastic calculations performed as part of this effort were as defined in Subsection NF and Appendix F of Section III of the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code. The results confirm that the welds joining the inner tie block to the surrounding rack structure meet the acceptance criteria. The analysis results verified that the inner tie block welds should be capable of transferring the expected seismic load without structural failure.

Nitzel, M.E.



Modeling LiH potential-energy curves: An approach based on integration in finite space  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, we introduce a finite-space integration method to shed physical insight into the interactions of a Rydberg electron with a molecular ion core, as sampled by the potential-energy curves (PECs) of various electronic states of LiH. We postulate that these interactions are dominated by two independent electron-atom processes: (1) scattering of the Rydberg electron at negative energy solely off of the lithium atomic core and (2) a transition from the lithium scattering state to the lithium valence orbital necessarily accompanied by an excitation of the hydrogen atom. It is shown that the ratio of the amplitudes for the occurrences of these two processes can be obtained by means of bounded integrations inside a small region of space where the electron-electron repulsion term in the Hamiltonian is dominant. Our theory and approximations are verified by a comparison of derived potential-energy curves with those produced by ab initio calculations as well as another empirical model that uses the Fermi approximation. It is observed that the complicated features of the PECs, which reflect the nodal structure of the Rydberg orbitals, are reproduced well within our treatment.

S. N. Altunata and R. W. Field



Nesting large-eddy simulations within mesoscale simulations for wind energy applications  

SciTech Connect

With increasing demand for more accurate atmospheric simulations for wind turbine micrositing, for operational wind power forecasting, and for more reliable turbine design, simulations of atmospheric flow with resolution of tens of meters or higher are required. These time-dependent large-eddy simulations (LES), which resolve individual atmospheric eddies on length scales smaller than turbine blades and account for complex terrain, are possible with a range of commercial and open-source software, including the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model. In addition to 'local' sources of turbulence within an LES domain, changing weather conditions outside the domain can also affect flow, suggesting that a mesoscale model provide boundary conditions to the large-eddy simulations. Nesting a large-eddy simulation within a mesoscale model requires nuanced representations of turbulence. Our group has improved the Weather and Research Forecasting model's (WRF) LES capability by implementing the Nonlinear Backscatter and Anisotropy (NBA) subfilter stress model following Kosovic (1997) and an explicit filtering and reconstruction technique to compute the Resolvable Subfilter-Scale (RSFS) stresses (following Chow et al, 2005). We have also implemented an immersed boundary method (IBM) in WRF to accommodate complex terrain. These new models improve WRF's LES capabilities over complex terrain and in stable atmospheric conditions. We demonstrate approaches to nesting LES within a mesoscale simulation for farms of wind turbines in hilly regions. Results are sensitive to the nesting method, indicating that care must be taken to provide appropriate boundary conditions, and to allow adequate spin-up of turbulence in the LES domain.

Lundquist, J K; Mirocha, J D; Chow, F K; Kosovic, B; Lundquist, K A


Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mesoscale modeling finite" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
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to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


Mesoscale Origin of the Enhanced Cycling-Stability of the Si...  

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Mesoscale Origin of the Enhanced Cycling-Stability of the Si-Conductive Polymer Anode for Li-ion Batteries. Mesoscale Origin of the Enhanced Cycling-Stability of the Si-Conductive...


Dynamic finite-strain modelling of the human left ventricle in health and disease using an immersed boundary-finite element method  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......grid-converged results, we use the grid spacing x = 0.156 cm for...dynamics. Advanced Computational Infrastructures for Parallel and Distributed...B. E. & Luo, X. Y. Hybrid finite difference/finite...Mesh Refinement Application Infrastructure. Available at http......

Hao Gao; David Carrick; Colin Berry; Boyce E. Griffith; Xiaoyu Luo



Mesoscale disturbances in the tropical stratosphere excited by convection: Observations and effects on the stratospheric momentum budget  

SciTech Connect

The importance of the momentum flux of topographically generated mesoscale gravity waves to the extratropical middle atmosphere circulation has been well established for over a decade. Estimates of the zonal forcing due to tropical mesoscale gravity waves, however, are hampered by lack of data on their primarily convective sources. The advent of aircraft measurements over tropical convective systems now makes such estimates possible without the use of ad hoc assumptions about amplitudes and phase speeds. Aircraft measurements from NASA's 1980 Panama and 1987 STEP/Australia Missions show that convectively generated disturbances observed just above the tropopause have horizontal scales comparable to those of the underlying anvils (about 50--100 km) with peak-to-peak isentropic surface variations of about 300--400 m. Satellite imagery of tropical anvil evolution indicates a typical lifetime of about five hours. Assuming that each convective system's impact on the stratosphere can be modeled as a time-dependent [open quotes]mountain[close quotes] with the preceding spatial and time scales, the excited spectrum of gravity waves can be calculated. A suitable quasi-linear wave-mean flow interaction parameterization and satellite-derived cloud area statistics can then be used to evaluate the zonal acceleration as a function of altitude induced by gravity waves from mesoscale convective systems. The results indicate maximum westerly accelerations due to breaking mesoscale gravity waves of almost 0.4 m s[sup [minus]1]/day in the upper stratosphere (in the region of the semiannual oscillation) during September, comparable to but probably smaller than the accelerations induced by planetary-scale Kelvin waves. Calculated easterly accelerations due to breaking mesoscale gravity waves in the QBO region below 35 km are smaller, accounting for about 10% of the required zonal acceleration. 35 refs., 14 figs., 1 tab.

Pfister, L.; Scott, S.; Loewenstein, M. (NASA/Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA (United States)); Bowen, S. (San Jose State Univ., CA (United States)); Legg, M. (Synernet, Fremont, CA (United States))



Silicon Micromachined Dimensional Calibration Artifact for Mesoscale Measurement Machines  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Silicon Micromachined Dimensional Calibration Silicon Micromachined Dimensional Calibration Artifact for Mesoscale Measurement Machines 1 Silicon Micromachined Dimensional Calibration Artifact for Mesoscale Measurement Machines 2 Sandia National Laboratories PO Box 5800 Albuquerque, NM 87185 USA Hy D. Tran, PhD, PE Phone: (505)844-5417 Fax: (505)844-4372 hdtran@sandia.gov AFFIRMATION: I affirm that all information submitted as a part of, or supplemental to, this entry is a fair and accurate representation of this product. ___________________________________ Hy D. Tran Not a joint entry. Silicon Micromachined Dimensional Calibration Artifact for Mesoscale Measurement Machines The silicon hybrid artifact is an anisotropic-etched silicon standard that is used as a calibration reference artifact to calibrate vision-based and


Finite-temperature phase diagram of nonmagnetic impurities in high-temperature superconductors using a d=3 tJ model with quenched disorder  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Finite-temperature phase diagram of nonmagnetic impurities in high-temperature superconductors a quenched disordered d=3 tJ Hamiltonian with static vacancies as a model of nonmagnetic impurities in high-Tc materials. Using a renormalization-group approach, we calculate the evolution of the finite-temperature

Thirumalai, Devarajan


Virtual dynamic balancing method without trial weights for multi-rotor series shafting based on finite element model analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The traditional influence coefficient dynamic balancing method for multi-rotor series shafting such as turbine-generator sets gas turbines compressor trains and others usually needs to startup many times using trial weights along the rotor. Based on finite element model analysis for the multi-rotor series shafting a virtual dynamic balancing methodology which only needs to collect data of vibration response at operating speed without trial weights is developed in this paper. According to shafting structure and operating parameters the dynamic finite element model was built by using rotor dynamics theory and finite element simulation technology. The shafting dynamic characteristics and weighted influence coefficient matrix can be gotten by exciting virtual unbalance force on the balance place correspondingly. The effectiveness and flexibility of the proposed method have been illustrated by solving a shafting dynamic balancing example with no trial weights requirements. It is believed that the new methods developed in this work will help in reducing the time and cost of the equipment manufacturer or field dynamic balancing procedures.



Minimizing EIT image artefacts from mesh variability in Finite Element Models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

artefacts which occur in electrical impedance tomography (EIT) images due to limitations in finite element R B Lionheart2 1 Systems and Computer Engineering, Carleton University, Ottawa, Canada 2 School of Mathematics, University of Manchester, UK Abstract. Electrical Impedance Tomography solves an inverse problem

Adler, Andy


Nonlocal Polyakov-Nambu-Jona-Lasinio model with wave function renormalization at finite temperature and chemical potential  

SciTech Connect

We study the phase diagram of strongly interacting matter in the framework of a nonlocal SU(2) chiral quark model which includes wave function renormalization and coupling to the Polyakov loop. Both nonlocal interactions based on the frequently used exponential form factor, and on fits to the quark mass and renormalization functions obtained in lattice calculations are considered. Special attention is paid to the determination of the critical points, both in the chiral limit and at finite quark mass. In particular, we study the position of the critical end point as well as the value of the associated critical exponents for different model parametrizations.

Contrera, G. A. [Physics Department, Comision Nacional de Energia Atomica, Av.Libertador 8250, 1429 Buenos Aires (Argentina); CONICET, Rivadavia 1917, 1033 Buenos Aires (Argentina); Orsaria, M. [CONICET, Rivadavia 1917, 1033 Buenos Aires (Argentina); Gravitation, Astrophysics and Cosmology Group, FCAyG, UNLP, La Plata (Argentina); Scoccola, N. N. [Physics Department, Comision Nacional de Energia Atomica, Av.Libertador 8250, 1429 Buenos Aires (Argentina); CONICET, Rivadavia 1917, 1033 Buenos Aires (Argentina); Universidad Favaloro, Solis 453, 1078 Buenos Aires (Argentina)



Statistical properties of the localization measure in a finite-dimensional model of the quantum kicked rotator  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the quantum kicked rotator in the classically fully chaotic regime $K=10$ and for various values of the quantum parameter $k$ using Izrailev's $N$-dimensional model for various $N \\le 3000$, which in the limit $N \\rightarrow \\infty$ tends to the exact quantized kicked rotator. By numerically calculating the eigenfunctions in the basis of the angular momentum we find that the localization length ${\\cal L}$ for fixed parameter values has a certain distribution, in fact its inverse is Gaussian distributed, in analogy and in connection with the distribution of finite time Lyapunov exponents of Hamilton systems. However, unlike the case of the finite time Lyapunov exponents, this distribution is found to be independent of $N$, and thus survives the limit $N=\\infty$. This is different from the tight-binding model of Anderson localization. The reason is that the finite bandwidth approximation of the underlying Hamilton dynamical system in the Shepelyansky picture (D.L. Shepelyansky, {\\em Phys. Rev. Lett.} {\\bf 56}, 677 (1986)) does not apply rigorously. This observation explains the strong fluctuations in the scaling laws of the kicked rotator, such as e.g. the entropy localization measure as a function of the scaling parameter $\\Lambda={\\cal L}/N$, where $\\cal L$ is the theoretical value of the localization length in the semiclassical approximation. These results call for a more refined theory of the localization length in the quantum kicked rotator and in similar Floquet systems, where we must predict not only the mean value of the inverse of the localization length $\\cal L$ but also its (Gaussian) distribution, in particular the variance. In order to complete our studies we numerically analyze the related behavior of finite time Lyapunov exponents in the standard map and of the 2$\\times$2 transfer matrix formalism. This paper is extending our recent work.

T Manos; M Robnik



Molecule-Mimetic Chemistry and Mesoscale Self-Assembly  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Molecule-Mimetic Chemistry and Mesoscale Self-Assembly NED B. BOWDEN, MARCUS WECK, INSUNG S. CHOI systems. We suggest that it will be possible to develop complex structures composed of "objects" that self-assemble, shape recognition, and size exclusion can be used to guide the self-assembly of these objects

Prentiss, Mara


Mesoscale Waves as a Probe of Jupiter's Deep Atmosphere  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Search of the Voyager images of Jupiter reveals a class of mesoscale waves occurring near the extrema of the zonal velocity profile between latitudes 30°S and 30°N. The average horizontal wavelength is 300 km, compared to an atmospheric scale ...

F. M. Flasar; P. J. Gierasch



Mesoscale Science: Lessons from and Opportunities for Nanoscience  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Earlier this month, I attended and spoke at a workshop of the Chemical Sciences Roundtable on mesoscale science. ... We hope that having ACS Nano to share both challenges and successes across communities will help accelerate advances by cross-fertilizing efforts and by inspiring scientists and engineers around the world. ...

Paul S. Weiss



Impact of Resolution on Simulation of Closed Mesoscale Cellular Convection Identified by Dynamically Guided Watershed Segmentation  

SciTech Connect

Organized mesoscale cellular convection (MCC) is a common feature of marine stratocumulus that forms in response to a balance between mesoscale dynamics and smaller scale processes such as cloud radiative cooling and microphysics. We use the Weather Research and Forecasting model with chemistry (WRF-Chem) and fully coupled cloud-aerosol interactions to simulate marine low clouds during the VOCALS-REx campaign over the southeast Pacific. A suite of experiments with 3- and 9-km grid spacing indicates resolution-dependent behavior. The simulations with finer grid spacing have smaller liquid water paths and cloud fractions, while cloud tops are higher. The observed diurnal cycle is reasonably well simulated. To isolate organized MCC characteristics we develop a new automated method, which uses a variation of the watershed segmentation technique that combines the detection of cloud boundaries with a test for coincident vertical velocity characteristics. This ensures that the detected cloud fields are dynamically consistent for closed MCC, the most common MCC type over the VOCALS-REx region. We demonstrate that the 3-km simulation is able to reproduce the scaling between horizontal cell size and boundary layer height seen in satellite observations. However, the 9-km simulation is unable to resolve smaller circulations corresponding to shallower boundary layers, instead producing invariant MCC horizontal scale for all simulated boundary layers depths. The results imply that climate models with grid spacing of roughly 3 km or smaller may be needed to properly simulate the MCC structure in the marine stratocumulus regions.

Martini, Matus; Gustafson, William I.; Yang, Qing; Xiao, Heng



Singlet oxygen generation according to flame-sheet and finite-rate chlorine/BHP reaction models. [Basic Hydrogen Peroxide  

SciTech Connect

In a flowing chemical oxygen--iodine laser, the photon energy is emitted by excited iodine atoms. These atoms are produced by energy transfer from O[sub 2]([sup 1][Delta]) after molecular iodine is dissociated upon mixing and reaction with the O[sub 2]([sup 1][Delta]). The generation of singlet delta oxygen, O[sub 2]([sup 1][Delta]), following gaseous chlorine diffusion into and reaction with liquid basic hydrogen peroxide (solution of KOH or NaOH in H[sub 2]O[sub 2] and H[sub 2]O) is investigated. Both flame-sheet and finite-rate reaction models for Cl[sub 2]/BHP are developed. A closed-form solution for the O[sub 2]([sup 1][Delta]) yield is obtained with the flame-sheet analysis, while a solution involving an integral equation is derived with the finite-rate analysis. The models are applied to a rotating disk type O[sub 2]([sup 1][Delta]) generator for illustration. The results do not differ greatly between the two models, and they show favorable agreement with reported experimental data.

Quan, V.; Copeland, D.A.; Blauer, J.A.; Rodriguez, S.E. (Rockwell International, Canoga Park, CA (United States). Rocketdyne Div.)



Orientation dependent tensile deformation behavior of two-phase laminate composites: Model analysis and finite element results  

SciTech Connect

A model is presented which allows the distribution of stresses and strains within a two-phase laminate to be determined as a function of the angle between the normal vector to the laminate interfaces and the tensile axis during elastic and elastic-plastic deformation. The model is applied to {alpha}{sub 2}(Ti{sub 3}Al)/{gamma}(TiAl) and, for comparison, to Al/Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} laminates in order to study (a) the transfer of stresses between the two phases due to the mutual deformation constraint at the interphase boundaries and (b) the dependence of the yield stress on the orientation of the lamellae with respect to the tensile axis. The model predictions are in good agreement with the results of finite element computations within the composite except for certain boundary layers at the outer surfaces.

Mertins, H.; Lahann, H.J. [GKSS-Forschungszentrum Geesthacht GmbH (Germany). Inst. fuer Werkstofforschung] [GKSS-Forschungszentrum Geesthacht GmbH (Germany). Inst. fuer Werkstofforschung



Energy Landscape of the Finite-Size Mean-field 2-Spin Spherical Model and Topology Trivialization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Motivated by the recently observed phenomenon of topology trivialization of potential energy landscapes (PELs) for several statistical mechanics models, we perform a numerical study of the finite size $2$-spin spherical model using both numerical polynomial homotopy continuation and a reformulation via non-hermitian matrices. The continuation approach computes all of the complex stationary points of this model while the matrix approach computes the real stationary points. Using these methods, we compute the average number of stationary points while changing the topology of the PEL as well as the variance. Histograms of these stationary points are presented along with an analysis regarding the complex stationary points. This work connects topology trivialization to two different branches of mathematics: algebraic geometry and catastrophe theory, which is fertile ground for further interdisciplinary research.

Dhagash Mehta; Jonathan D. Hauenstein; Matthew Niemerg; Nicholas J. Simm; Daniel A. Stariolo



A Full-wave Model for Wave Propagation and Dissipation in the Inner Magnetosphere Using the Finite Element Method  

SciTech Connect

A wide variety of plasma waves play an important role in the energization and loss of particles in the inner magnetosphere. Our ability to understand and model wave-particle interactions in this region requires improved knowledge of the spatial distribution and properties of these waves as well as improved understanding of how the waves depend on changes in solar wind forcing and/or geomagnetic activity. To this end, we have developed a two-dimensional, finite element code that solves the full wave equations in global magnetospheric geometry. The code describes three-dimensional wave structure including mode conversion when ULF, EMIC, and whistler waves are launched in a two-dimensional axisymmetric background plasma with general magnetic field topology. We illustrate the capabilities of the code by examining the role of plasmaspheric plumes on magnetosonic wave propagation; mode conversion at the ion-ion and Alfven resonances resulting from external, solar wind compressions; and wave structure and mode conversion of electromagnetic ion cyclotron waves launched in the equatorial magnetosphere, which propagate along the magnetic field lines toward the ionosphere. We also discuss advantages of the finite element method for resolving resonant structures, and how the model may be adapted to include nonlocal kinetic effects.

Ernest Valeo, Jay R. Johnson, Eun-Hwa and Cynthia Phillips



Modeling and simulation for a PEM fuel cell with catalyst layers in finite thickness.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??A detailed non-isothermal computational fluid dynamics (CFD) model for proton electrolyte membrane (PEM) fuel cells is developed in this thesis. This model consists of the… (more)

Yin, Jianghui (Author)



Frequency domain and finite difference modeling of ventilated concrete slabs and comparison with field measurements: Part 2. Application  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper is the second of two papers that present techniques and guidelines for frequency response (FR) and lumped-parameter finite difference (LPFD) approaches for the thermal modeling of building-integrated thermal energy storage (BITES) systems. To assist the thermal analysis and control of active BITES systems, development of FR and LPFD models are presented in this two-part paper. Modeling methodology and techniques are presented in paper Part 1 using ventilated concrete slabs (VCS) for demonstration. In this part, the methodology is applied to two types of VCS. The modeling results from different FR and explicit LPFD models with different time steps and discretization schemes are presented. The results are compared to each other, and with field-measured data from a solar demonstration house with a VCS. Simulation results show that time step of half an hour for FR models results in less than 3% error in thermal performance. For LPFD models, discretization with Biot number smaller than 0.5 can reduce error to about 5%.

Yuxiang Chen; Andreas K. Athienitis; Khaled E. Galal



Convective cell development and propagation in a mesoscale convective complex  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

~ , National Fisheries University of Pusan Chairman of Advisory Committee: Dr ~ Kennth CD Brundidge A case study was made of the mesoscale convective complex (MCC) which occurred over southern Oklahoma and northern Texas on 27 May 1981. This storm moved... in an east-southeasterly direction and during much of its lifetime was observable by radars at Oklahoma City, OK and Stephenville, TX. It was found that the direction of cell (VIP level 3 or more reflectivity) propagation was somewhat erratic...

Ahn, Yoo-Shin


Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mesoscale modeling finite" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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Center for Mesoscale Transport Properties (m2M) | U.S. DOE Office...  

Office of Science (SC) Website

from molecular to mesoscale (m2m); to minimize heat and maximize work of electrical energy storage devices. Research Topics energy storage (including batteries and...


Non-perturbative modelling of energetic particle effects on resistive wall mode: Anisotropy and finite orbit width  

SciTech Connect

A non-perturbative magnetohydrodynamic-kinetic hybrid formulation is developed and implemented into the MARS-K code [Liu et al., Phys. Plasmas 15, 112503 (2008)] that takes into account the anisotropy and asymmetry [Graves et al., Nature Commun. 3, 624 (2012)] of the equilibrium distribution of energetic particles (EPs) in particle pitch angle space, as well as first order finite orbit width (FOW) corrections for both passing and trapped EPs. Anisotropic models, which affect both the adiabatic and non-adiabatic drift kinetic energy contributions, are implemented for both neutral beam injection and ion cyclotron resonant heating induced EPs. The first order FOW correction does not contribute to the precessional drift resonance of trapped particles, but generally remains finite for the bounce and transit resonance contributions, as well as for the adiabatic contributions from asymmetrically distributed passing particles. Numerical results for a 9MA steady state ITER plasma suggest that (i) both the anisotropy and FOW effects can be important for the resistive wall mode stability in ITER plasmas; and (ii) the non-perturbative approach predicts less kinetic stabilization of the mode, than the perturbative approach, in the presence of anisotropy and FOW effects for the EPs. The latter may partially be related to the modification of the eigenfunction of the mode by the drift kinetic effects.

Liu, Yueqiang, E-mail: yueqiang.liu@ccfe.ac.uk; Chapman, I. T. [Euratom/CCFE Fusion Association, Culham Science Centre, Abingdon OX14 3DB (United Kingdom)] [Euratom/CCFE Fusion Association, Culham Science Centre, Abingdon OX14 3DB (United Kingdom); Graves, J. P. [Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne (EPFL), Centre de Recherches en Physique des Plasmas, Association EURATOM-Confederation Suisse, 1015 Lausanne (Switzerland)] [Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne (EPFL), Centre de Recherches en Physique des Plasmas, Association EURATOM-Confederation Suisse, 1015 Lausanne (Switzerland); Hao, G. Z. [Southwestern Institute of Physics, PO Box 432, Chengdu 610041 (China)] [Southwestern Institute of Physics, PO Box 432, Chengdu 610041 (China); Wang, Z. R.; Menard, J. E.; Okabayashi, M. [Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, Princeton University, PO Box 451, Princeton, New Jersey 08543-0451 (United States)] [Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, Princeton University, PO Box 451, Princeton, New Jersey 08543-0451 (United States); Strait, E. J.; Turnbull, A. [General Atomics, P.O. Box 85608, San Diego, California 92186-5608 (United States)] [General Atomics, P.O. Box 85608, San Diego, California 92186-5608 (United States)



Development of a three-dimensional finite element model of a horse's foot  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of a horse's foot and attempt to validate it using experimentally obtamed strain results. A Suite element model was constructed using geometric data &om traced outlines of slices cut lrom an actual foot. The model was analyzed using the ABAQUS Suite... element analysis code and strain results were obtamed which were found to difFer signi6cantly &om experimental resuhs. Based on iinformation from the literature, it was determmed that the structure of the model is essentially sound and discrepancies...

Hanft, Joseph Thomas



Cooper pairing and finite-size effects in a Nambu–Jona-Lasinio-type four-fermion model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Starting from a NJL-type model with N fermion species, fermion and difermion condensates and their associated phase structures are considered at nonzero chemical potential ? and zero temperature in spaces with nontrivial topology of the form S1?S1?S1 and R2?S1. Special attention is devoted to the generation of the superconducting phase. In particular, for the cases of antiperiodic and periodic boundary conditions we have found that the critical curve of the phase transitions between the chiral symmetry breaking and superconducting phases as well as the corresponding condensates and particle densities strongly oscillate versus ??1/L, where L is the length of the circumference S1. Moreover, it is shown that at some finite values of L the superconducting phase transition is shifted to smaller values both of ? and particle density in comparison with the case of L=?.

D. Ebert and K. G. Klimenko



Finite element modeling of the temperature rise due to the propagation of ultrasonic waves in viscoelastic materials and experimental validation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The ultrasound stimulated thermography method is usually used to detect the temperature rise at a defect position. The temperature rise can be due to the friction between the edges of the defect and/or the plastic deformation around the defect. This paper presents another aspect of the method when the ultrasounds are propagating in a viscoelasticanisotropicmaterial such as polymers or fiber-reinforced polymers. The attenuation of the waves produces a distributed temperature field. Therefore even a defect that does not produce some heat can be detected the ultrasonic field is modified. A finite element model is used for computing the temperature field and for predicting the possibility for an infrared camera of detecting the temperature rise and its modification due to a defect. The model computes the stress and displacement fields associated with the propagation and the loss of energy. Then the heat equation is solved with this loss as a source of heating. An experiment is done with a sonotrode that excites a PVC plate. The ultrasonic displacement at the top of the plate is measured with a laser velocimeter and introduced in the model. Finally the model result is compared to the image produced by the camera.

B. Hosten; C. Bacon; C. Biateau



TXLINE-2: a finite length model to simulate the dispersion of pollutants from roadways  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Modelling Near Roadways Gradient Transport Approach B. Existing Dispersion Models HIWAY-2 CALINE-3 TXLINE C. Methods of Deteimining Source Strl ngth 12 O. Methods of Testing and Compar1ng Models ties s Balance Tea t Comparison to Data l4 E. Data... Dispersion From Roadways E. Link Capabilities F. Comparison of Dispets1 on Mocieis Using Existing Data 72 Comparison to the GM Data 72 Comparison to the Texas Data 75 Comparison to the SRI Data General Discussion 90 CHAPTER V TABLE OF CONTENTS...

Schroeder, James Henry



An elastic-perfectly plastic flow model for finite element analysis of perforated materials  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes the formulation of an elastic-perfectly plastic flow theory applicable to equivalent solid [EQS] modeling of perforated materials. An equilateral triangular array of circular penetrations is considered. The usual assumptions regarding geometry and loading conditions applicable to the development of elastic constants for EQS modeling of perforated plates are considered to apply here. An elastic-perfectly plastic [EPP] EQS model is developed for a collapse surface that includes fourth-order stress terms. The fourth order yield function has been shown to be appropriate for plates with a triangular array of circular holes. A complete flow model is formulated using the consistent tangent modulus approach based on the fourth order yield function.

Jones, D.P.; Gordon, J.L.; Hutula, D.N.; Banas, D.; Newman, J.B.



Fitted finite volume positive difference scheme for a stationary model of air pollution  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A new approach is proposed for the numerical solution of boundary value one-dimensional problem of advection-diffusion equation which arises, among others, in air pollution modeling. Since the problem is posed in...

Tatiana Chernogorova; Lubin Lubin Vulkov



Smart finite state devices: A modeling framework for demand response technologies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We introduce and analyze Markov Decision Process (MDP) machines to model individual devices which are expected to participate in future demand-response markets on distribution grids. We differentiate devices into the ...

Turitsyn, Konstantin


Constitutive modeling of the finite deformation behavior of membranes possessing a triangulated networked microstructure  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Many biological, natural and synthetic materials possess a networked or micro-truss-like microstructure. In this thesis work, a general microstructurally-informed continuum level constitutive model of the large stretch ...

Arslan, Melis



A multi-scale iterative approach for finite element modeling of thermal contact resistance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Surface topography has long been considered a key factor in the performance of many contact applications including thermal contact resistance. However, essentially all analytical and numerical models of thermal contact ...

Thompson, Mary Kathryn, 1980-



A Lyapunov Exponent Approach for Identifying Chaotic Behavior in a Finite Element Based Drillstring Vibration Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The purpose of this work is to present a methodology to predict vibrations of drilllstrings for oil recovery service. The work extends a previous model of the drill collar between two stabilizers in the literature to include drill collar flexibility...

Mongkolcheep, Kathira



Three-dimensional DC anisotropic resistivity modelling using finite elements on unstructured grids  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......model as an example, the memory cost using the U2 grid is around one-tenth...as heat exchanger to exploit the geothermal energy. Within regional stress systems...consequently, lowers the computational costs significantly. A singularity removal......

Wei Wang; Xiaoping Wu; Klaus Spitzer



Modeling Slag Penetration and Refractory Degradation Using the Finite Element Method  

SciTech Connect

Refractory degradation due to slag penetration can significantly reduce the service life of gasifier refractory linings. This paper describes a modeling approach that was developed to predict refractory spalling as a function of operating temperature, coal feedstock and refractory type. The model simulates the coupled thermal, diffusion, and mechanical interactions of coal slag with refractory ceramics. The heat transfer and slag diffusion solutions are directly coupled through a temperature-dependent effective diffusivity for slag penetration. The effective diffusivity is defined from slag penetration tests conducted in our laboratories on specific coal slag and refractory combinations. Chemically-induced swelling of the refractory and the build-up of mechanical stresses are functions of the slag penetration. The model results are compared with analytical spalling models and validated by experimental data in order to develop an efficient refractory degradation model for implementation in a systems level gasifier model. The ultimate goal of our research is to provide a tool that will help optimize gasifier performance by balancing conversion efficiency with refractory life.

Johnson, Kenneth I.; Williford, Ralph E.; Matyas, Josef; Pilli, Siva Prasad; Sundaram, S. K.; Korolev, Vladimir N.



Mesoscale Self-Assembly of Hexagonal Plates Using Lateral Capillary Forces: Synthesis Using the "Capillary Bond"  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mesoscale Self-Assembly of Hexagonal Plates Using Lateral Capillary Forces: Synthesis Using examines self-assembly in a quasi-two-dimensional, mesoscale system. The system studied here involves and hydrophilic faces on the hexagonal plates led to three outcomes: (i) the extension of the strategies of self-assembly

Prentiss, Mara


Patient specific finite element model of the face soft tissues for computer-assisted  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(dental models) and radiology (cephalometry). This paper presents a complete protocol for computer of the dental occlusion, and aesthetic, with morphometric criterion that run out of a norm (face asym- metry a planning based only on skull and dental analysis. Moreover, one of the main patient requests is a reliable

Paris-Sud XI, Université de



E-Print Network (OSTI)

is a measure of interfacial energy per unit area, (F, , c) is a composition-dependent free energy density, c energy for martensitic crystals is given. The energy density models the softening of the elastic modulus controlling the low-energy path from the cubic to the tetragonal lattice, the loss of stability

Luskin, Mitchell


Smart Finite State Devices: A Modeling Framework for Demand Response Technologies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We introduce and analyze Markov Decision Process (MDP) machines to model individual devices which are expected to participate in future demand-response markets on distribution grids. We differentiate devices into the following four types: (a) optional loads that can be shed, e.g. light dimming; (b) deferrable loads that can be delayed, e.g. dishwashers; (c) controllable loads with inertia, e.g. thermostatically-controlled loads, whose task is to maintain an auxiliary characteristic (temperature) within pre-defined margins; and (d) storage devices that can alternate between charging and generating. Our analysis of the devices seeks to find their optimal price-taking control strategy under a given stochastic model of the distribution market.

Turitsyn, Konstantin; Ananyev, Maxim; Chertkov, Michael



Finite Element Modeling of Suspended Particle Migration in Non-Newtonian Fluids  

SciTech Connect

Shear-induced migration of particles is studied during the slow flow of suspensions of spheres (particle volume fraction {phi} = 0.50) in an inelastic but shear-thinning, suspending fluid in flow between counterrotating concentric cylinders, The conditions are such that nonhydrodynamic effects are negligible. The movement of particles away from the high shear rate region is more pronounced than in a Newtonian suspending liquid. We test a continuum constitutive model for the evolution of particle concentration in a flowing suspension proposed by Phillips et al. (1992) by using shear-thinning, suspending fluids. The fluid constitutive equation is Carreau-like in its shear-thinning behavior but also varies with the local particle concentration. The model is compared with the experimental data gathered with nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) imaging.

Altobelli, S.; Baer, T.; Mondy, L.; Rao, R.; Stephens, T.



Adaptive h-finite element modeling of wind flow around bridges  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Design of suspension bridge span is known to be very challenging, particularly considering its stability against wind flow. Traditionally, analysis of bridge section is done using wind tunnel and is very time consuming, with normal experimentation and modeling works requiring minimum 6–8 weeks. To reduce cost and time requirements of wind tunnel experiments, as an alternate approach, wind flow around bridges are investigated by application of computer modeling. One challenging aspect of computational approach is to solve the Navier–Stokes (NS) equations accurately. In the present work, automatic mesh generation technique is used to transfer the continuous fluid flow into discrete numerical data, followed by use of h-adaptive technique. The adaptive simulation is carried out using two posteriori error estimations, which are based on the velocity gradient and vorticity. The current study uses the wind flow over the Great Belt East Bridge (GBEB) as a case study.

Sanjaya K. Patro; R. Panneer Selvam; Harold Bosch


Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mesoscale modeling finite" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


Improved detection of rough defects for ultrasonic NDE inspections based on finite element modeling of elastic wave scattering  

SciTech Connect

Defects which posses rough surfaces greatly affect ultrasonic wave scattering behaviour, often reducing the magnitude of reflected signals. Ultrasonic inspections rely upon this response for detecting and sizing flaws. For safety critical components reliable characterisation is crucial. Therefore, providing an accurate means to predict reductions in signal amplitude is essential. An extension of Kirchhoff theory has formed the basis for the UK power industry inspection justifications. However, it is widely recognised that these predictions are pessimistic owing to analytical approximations. A numerical full field modelling approach does not fall victim to such limitations. Here, a Finite Element model is used to aid in setting a non-conservative reporting threshold during the inspection of a large pressure vessel forging that might contain embedded rough defects. The ultrasonic response from multiple rough surfaces defined by the same statistical class is calculated for normal incident compression waves. The approach is validated by comparing coherent scattering with predictions made by Kirchhoff theory. At lower levels of roughness excellent agreement is observed, whilst higher values confirm the pessimism of Kirchhoff theory. Furthermore, the mean amplitude in the specular direction is calculated. This represents the information obtained during an inspection, indicating that reductions due to increasing roughness are significantly less than the coherent component currently being used.

Pettit, J. R. [Rolls-Royce Nuclear, PO BOX 2000, Derby, UK, DE21 7XX and Research Centre for NDE, Imperial College London, Exhibition Road, London SW7 2AZ (United Kingdom); Walker, A. [Rolls-Royce Nuclear, PO BOX 2000, Derby DE21 7XX (United Kingdom); Lowe, M. J. S. [Research Centre for NDE, Imperial College London, Exhibition Road, London SW7 2AZ (United Kingdom)



Adapting a Beam-Based Rotordynamics Model to Accept a General Three-Dimensional Finite-Element Casing Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-axisymmetric model, structural dynamics modes can be modeled by lateral modes in two orthogonal planes. Modal information of the complex 3D casing structures are generated, and then incorporated into the 2D code after a series of pre-processing steps. A reduction...

James, Stephen M.



Correlation energy of finite two-dimensional systems: Toward nonempirical and universal modeling  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The capability of density-functional theory to deal with the ground state of strongly correlated low-dimensional systems, such as semiconductor quantum dots, depends on the accuracy of functionals developed for the exchange and correlation energies. Here we extend a successful approximation for the correlation energy of the three-dimensional inhomogeneous electron gas, originally introduced by Becke [J. Chem. Phys. 88, 1053 (1988)], to the two-dimensional case. The approach is based on nonempirical modeling of the correlation-hole functions satisfying a set of exact properties. Furthermore, the electron current and spin are explicitly taken into account. As a result, good performance is obtained in comparison with numerically exact data for quantum dots with varying external magnetic field, and for the homogeneous two-dimensional electron gas, respectively.

S. Pittalis; E. Räsänen; C. R. Proetto; E. K. U. Gross



On simple and accurate finite element models for nonlinear bending analysis of beams and plates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

T x; dQTxx dx = ¡q(x) MTxx = Dxxd` T dx ; Q T x = AxzKs `T + dw T 0 dx ¶ (2.5a) 16 † The Reddy Beam Theory (RBT) dMRxx dx = Q R x +fi dPxx dx ¡flRx (2.6a) dQRx dx = q(x)+fl dRxx dx ¡fi d2Pxx dx2 (2.6b) MRxx = Dxxd` R dx ¡fiFxx d`R dx + d2wR0 dx2... >: ˆT for TBT U = „Dxx`RD xx ¡fiFxxdw R 0dx for simplifled RBT (2.12) A = 8 >>>> >> >: Dxx AxzKs for TBT ^Dxx „Axz for simplifled RBT (2.13) 18 B = 8> >>> >> >: 0 for TBT ^Dxx „Axz for simplifled RBT (2.14) II.2.3. A unifled flnite element model...

Urthaler Lapeira, Yetzirah Yksya



Pion condensation in the two--flavor chiral quark model at finite baryochemical potential  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Pion condensation is studied at one--loop level and nonzero baryochemical potential in the framework of two flavor constituent quark model using the one--loop level optimized perturbation theory for the resummation of the perturbative series. A Landau type of analysis is presented for the investigation of the phase boundary between the pion condensed/non-condensed phases. The statement that the condensation starts at $\\muI = m_{\\pi}$ is slightly modified by one--loop corrections. The second order critical surface is determined and analysed in the $\\muI-\\muB-T$ space. The $\\muI$ dependence of the one--loop level charged pion pole masses is also studied.

T. Herpay; P. Kovács



Finite Element Modelling of the Sawing of DC Cast AA2024 Aluminium Alloy Slabs  

SciTech Connect

In the semi-continuous casting of large cross-section rolling sheet ingots of high-strength aluminum alloys (2xxx and 7xxx series), the control of the residual (internal) stresses generated by the non-uniform cooling becomes a necessity. These stresses must be relieved by a thermal treatment before the head and foot of the ingot can be cut. Otherwise, the saw can be caught owing to compressive stresses or cut parts may be ejected thus injuring people or damaging equipment. These high added-value ingots need to be produced in secure conditions. Moreover, a better control of the sawing procedure could allow the suppression of the thermal treatment and therefore save time and energy. By studying the stress build-up during casting and the stress relief during sawing, key parameters for the control and optimization of the processing steps, can be derived. To do so, the direct chill (DC) casting of the AA2024 alloy is modeled with ABAQUS 6.5 with special attention to the thermo-mechanical properties of the alloy. The sawing operation is then simulated by removing mesh elements so as to reproduce the progression of the saw in the ingot. Preliminary results showing the stress relief during sawing accompanied by the risk of saw blocking due to compression or initiating a crack ahead of the saw, are analyzed with an approach based on the rate of strain energy release.

Drezet, J.-M. [Computational Materials Laboratory, School of Engineering, Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne, Station 12, CH-1015 Lausanne (Switzerland); Ludwig, O. [Calcom-ESI SA, PSE-A, CH-1015 Lausanne (Switzerland); Heinrich, B. [Alcan Aluminium Valais SA, CH3960 Sierre (Switzerland)



An analytical coarse-graining method which preserves the free energy, structural correlations, and thermodynamic state of polymer melts from the atomistic to the mesoscale  

SciTech Connect

Structural and thermodynamic consistency of coarse-graining models across multiple length scales is essential for the predictive role of multi-scale modeling and molecular dynamic simulations that use mesoscale descriptions. Our approach is a coarse-grained model based on integral equation theory, which can represent polymer chains at variable levels of chemical details. The model is analytical and depends on molecular and thermodynamic parameters of the system under study, as well as on the direct correlation function in the k ? 0 limit, c{sub 0}. A numerical solution to the PRISM integral equations is used to determine c{sub 0}, by adjusting the value of the effective hard sphere diameter, d{sub HS}, to agree with the predicted equation of state. This single quantity parameterizes the coarse-grained potential, which is used to perform mesoscale simulations that are directly compared with atomistic-level simulations of the same system. We test our coarse-graining formalism by comparing structural correlations, isothermal compressibility, equation of state, Helmholtz and Gibbs free energies, and potential energy and entropy using both united atom and coarse-grained descriptions. We find quantitative agreement between the analytical formalism for the thermodynamic properties, and the results of Molecular Dynamics simulations, independent of the chosen level of representation. In the mesoscale description, the potential energy of the soft-particle interaction becomes a free energy in the coarse-grained coordinates which preserves the excess free energy from an ideal gas across all levels of description. The structural consistency between the united-atom and mesoscale descriptions means the relative entropy between descriptions has been minimized without any variational optimization parameters. The approach is general and applicable to any polymeric system in different thermodynamic conditions.

McCarty, J.; Clark, A. J.; Copperman, J.; Guenza, M. G., E-mail: mguenza@uoregon.edu [Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, and Institute of Theoretical Science, University of Oregon, Eugene, Oregon 97403 (United States)



Modeling a thermionic energy converter using finite-difference time-domain particle-in-cell simulations  

SciTech Connect

A thermionic energy converter (TEC) is a static device that converts heat directly into electricity by boiling electrons off a hot emitter surface across a small inter-electrode gap to a cooler collector surface. The main challenge in TECs is overcoming the space charge limit, which limits the current transmitted across a gap of a given voltage and width. We have verified the feasibility of studying and developing a TEC using a bounded finite-difference time-domain particle-in-cell plasma simulation code, OOPD1, developed by Plasma Theory and Simulation Group, formerly at UC Berkeley and now at Michigan State University. In this preliminary work, a TEC has been modeled kinetically using OOPD1, and the accuracy has been verified by comparing with an analytically solvable case, giving good agreement. With further improvement of the code, one will be able to quickly and cheaply analyze space charge effects, and seek designs that mitigate the space charge effect, allowing TECs to become more efficient and cost-effective.

Lo, F. S.; Lee, T. H. [Department of Mechanical Engineering, National Central University, Jhongli City, Taoyuan County 32001, Taiwan (China)] [Department of Mechanical Engineering, National Central University, Jhongli City, Taoyuan County 32001, Taiwan (China); Lu, P. S. [NanoScience Simulation Laboratory, Fu Jen Catholic University, Xinzhuang Dist., New Taipei City 24205, Taiwan (China)] [NanoScience Simulation Laboratory, Fu Jen Catholic University, Xinzhuang Dist., New Taipei City 24205, Taiwan (China); Ragan-Kelley, B. [Applied Science and Technology, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States) [Applied Science and Technology, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States); Plasma Theory and Simulation Group, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States); Minnich, A. [Plasma Theory and Simulation Group, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States) [Plasma Theory and Simulation Group, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States); Division of Engineering and Applied Science, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125 (United States); Lin, M. C., E-mail: mingchiehlin@gmail.com [NanoScience Simulation Laboratory, Fu Jen Catholic University, Xinzhuang Dist., New Taipei City 24205, Taiwan (China); Plasma Theory and Simulation Group, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States); Verboncoeur, J. P. [Plasma Theory and Simulation Group, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States) [Plasma Theory and Simulation Group, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States); Department of Electrical and Computing Engineering, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824 (United States)



Using Mesoscale Meteorological Models to Assess Wind Energy Potential.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??As the demand for safe and clean electricity increases, the New Zealand wind energy industry seems poised to expand. Many generating companies have projects in… (more)

Green, Michael Paul



Analysis of Mesoscale Model Data for Wind Integration (Poster)  

SciTech Connect

Supports examination of implications of national 20% wind vision, and provides input to integration and transmission studies for operational impact of large penetrations of wind on the grid.

Schwartz, M.; Elliott, D.; Lew, D.; Corbus, D.; Scott, G.; Haymes, S.; Wan, Y. H.



Operator-adapted finite element wavelets : theory and applications to a posteriori error estimation and adaptive computational modeling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose a simple and unified approach for a posteriori error estimation and adaptive mesh refinement in finite element analysis using multiresolution signal processing principles. Given a sequence of nested discretizations ...

Sudarshan, Raghunathan, 1978-



Finite-size effects in kinetic phase transitions of a model reaction on a fractal surface: Scaling approach and Monte Carlo investigation  

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Finite-size effects in kinetic (irreversible) phase transitions, from reactive to poisoned states, occurring in model reactions are interpreted with the aid of a phenomenological scaling approach. The proposed arguments are tested by computer simulations of a model for the oxidation of carbon monoxide on a fractal surface. The critical exponents of the transitions displayed by the model and the exponents for the transient period of the reaction at criticality are evaluated. A crossover from a reactive steady state to a regime where the surface could be poisoned by each of the reactants is found and discussed.

Ezequiel V. Albano



Mesoscale Structure of Trade Wind Convection over Puerto Rico: Composite Observations and Numerical Simulation  

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We examine the mesoscale structure of the atmospheric boundary layer (ABL), low-level circulation, and trade wind convection over the sub-tropical island of Puerto Rico in mid-summer. Shallow afternoon thunder...

Mark R. Jury; Sen Chiao; Eric W. Harmsen



Mesoscale Convective Systems in Relation to African and Tropical Easterly Jets  

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This paper documents the interaction processes between mesoscale convective systems (MCS), the tropical easterly jet (TEJ), and the African easterly jet (AEJ) over West Africa during the monsoon peak of 2006 observed during the African Monsoon ...

L. Besson; Y. Lemaître



Meso-scale eddies affect near-surface turbulent exchange: evidence from lidar and tower measurements  

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The eddy-covariance technique tends to underestimate the turbulent heat fluxes, which results in the non-closure of the surface energy balance. This study shows experimental evidence that meso-scale turbulent organized structures, which are ...

Fabian Eder; Marius Schmidt; Thomas Damian; Katja Träumner; Matthias Mauder


Evolution of Mesoscale Precipitation Band Environments within the Comma Head of Northeast U.S. Cyclones  

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This paper explores the mesoscale forcing and stability evolution of intense precipitation bands in the comma head sector of extratropical cyclones using the 32-km North American Regional Reanalysis, hourly 20-km Rapid Update Cycle analyses, and ...

David R. Novak; Brian A. Colle; Anantha R. Aiyyer



Seasonal Mesoscale and Submesoscale Eddy Variability along the North Pacific Subtropical Countercurrent  

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Located at the center of the western North Pacific Subtropical Gyre, the Subtropical Countercurrent (STCC) is not only abundant in mesoscale eddies, but also exhibits prominent submesoscale eddy features. Output from a ° high-resolution OGCM ...

Bo Qiu; Shuiming Chen; Patrice Klein; Hideharu Sasaki; Yoshikazu Sasai



A Climatology of Midlatitude Mesoscale Convective Vortices in the Rapid Update Cycle  

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Climatological characteristics of mesoscale convective vortices (MCVs) occurring in the state of Oklahoma during the late spring and summer of four years are investigated. The MCV cases are selected based on vortex detection by an objective ...

Eric P. James; Richard H. Johnson



The supercell thunderstorm on 8 June 1990: Mesoscale analysis and radar observations  

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Surface mesoscale analysis helps to explain these different storm evolutions due to interaction among local circulations, Adriatic Sea and orography. While dry wind (foehn) dumps the thermodynamic instability in ...

P. P. Alberoni; S. Nanni; M. Crespi; M. Monai



Analysis of Strengthening and Dissipating Mesoscale Convective Systems Propagating off the West African Coast  

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A large number of Atlantic tropical depressions are generated in the eastern basin in relation to the African easterly wave (AEW) and embedded mesoscale convective systems (MCSs) coming from the African continent. In this paper, the structures of ...

Abdou L. Dieng; Laurence Eymard; Saidou M. Sall; Alban Lazar; Marion Leduc-Leballeur


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Introduction Positive finite rank . . .  

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Introduction Positive finite rank . . . Positive finite rank . . . Positive finite rank . . . ¯� I qixf1981@sxu.edu.cn #12;Introduction Positive finite rank . . . Positive finite rank . . . Positive finite rank . . . ¯� I K 12 19 £ ¶w« ' 4 ò � 1 Introduction · In quantum mechanics, a quantum system

Li, Chi-Kwong


Studies of an off-lattice model for protein folding: Sequence dependence and improved sampling at finite temperature  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

at finite temperature Anders Irba¨cka) and Frank Potthastb) Department of Theoretical Physics, University. We find that by these algorithms one gains large factors in efficiency in comparison to a fairly well-defined shape. This phase is interesting from the viewpoint of proteins, but for a generic

Irbäck, Anders


The influence of mesoscale eddies on shallow water acoustic propagation  

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Acoustic propagation measurements in 150 m depth on the Florida escarpment observe the effects of the passage of a cyclonic eddy. As the stream core of the Florida Current meanders the eddy is formed and propagates along the shelf edge. The sequence over a roughly a fortnight is as follows: ahead of the eddy warm surface water and cold bottom water are swept onto the terrace forming a steep thermocline and corresponding strong downward refracting C(z). The gradient produce intense focused RBR arrivals and the thermocline becomes a duct for internal waves to propagate shoreward. At first the internal wave energy is minimal and propagation is stable and coherent. As the internal tides attempt to propagate on shelf the sound speed field and the acoustic signals become increasingly variable. The variability reaches a crescendo as the 200 m long internal tide is blocked from propagating on to the narrower shelf and begins to break and overturn producing small?scale variability. As the eddy passes nearly iso?thermal conditions are restored along with quiescent internal wave fields and reduced signal variability. Here the effects are quantized with data from fixed?system acoustic and oceanographic measurements demonstrating that the mesoscale determines acoustic propagation conditions days in advance.



Interpreting Temperature Strain Data from Meso-Scale Clathrate Experiments  

SciTech Connect

Gas hydrates are important in global climate change, carbon sequestra- tion, and seafloor stability. Currently, formation and dissociation pathways are poorly defined. We present a new approach for processing large amounts of data from meso-scale experiments, such as the LUNA distributed sensing system (DSS) in the seafloor process simulator (SPS) at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. The DSS provides a proxy for temperature measurement with a high spatial resolution allowing the heat of reaction during gas hydrate formation/dissociation to aid in locating clathrates in the vessel. The DSS fibers are placed in the sediment following an Archimedean spiral design and then the position of each sensor is solved by iterating over the arc length formula with Newtons method. The data is then gridded with 1 a natural neighbor interpolation algorithm to allow contouring of the data. The solution of the sensor locations is verified with hot and cold stimulus in known locations. An experiment was preformed with a vertically split column of sand and silt. The DSS system clearly showed hydrate forming in the sand first, then slowly creeping into the silt. Similar systems and data processing techniques could be used for monitoring of hydrates in natural environments or in any situation where a hybrid temperature/strain index is useful. Further ad- vances in fiber technology allow the fiber to be applied in any configuration and the position of each sensor to be precisely determined making practical applications easier.

Leeman, John R [ORNL; Rawn, Claudia J [ORNL; Ulrich, Shannon M [ORNL; Elwood Madden, Megan [University of Oklahoma, Norman; Phelps, Tommy Joe [ORNL




SciTech Connect

The Department of Energy (DOE) and the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) seek revolutionary sensing innovations for the monitoring of nuclear detonations. Performance specifications are to be consistent with those obtainable by only an elite few products available today, but with orders of magnitude reduction in size, weight, power, and cost. The proposed commercial innovation calls upon several technologies including the combination of meso-scale fabrication and assembly, photonics-based displacement / motion detection methods, and the use of digital control electronics . Early Phase II development has demonstrated verified and repeatable sub 2ng noise floor from 3Hz to 100Hz, compact integration of 3-axis prototypes, and robust deployment exercises. Ongoing developments are focusing on low frequency challenges, low power consumption, ultra-miniature size, and low cross axis sensitivity. We are also addressing the rigorous set of specifications required for repeatable and reliable long-term explosion monitoring, including thermal stability, reduced recovery time from mass re-centering and large mechanical shocks, sensitivity stability, and transportability. Successful implementation will result in small, hand-held demonstration units with the ability to address national security needs of the DOE/NNSA. Additional applications envisioned include military/defense, scientific instrumentation, oil and gas exploration, inertial navigation, and civil infrastructure monitoring.

Garcia, Caesar A; Onaran, Guclu; Avenson, Brad; Hall, Neal



Mesoscale Convective Vortices in Multiscale, Idealized Simulations: Dependence on Background State, Interdependency with Moist Baroclinic Cyclones, and Comparison with BAMEX Observations  

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A set of multiscale, nested, idealized numerical simulations of mesoscale convective systems (MCSs) and mesoscale convective vortices (MCVs) was conducted. The purpose of these simulations was to investigate the dependence of MCV development and ...

Robert J. Conzemius; Michael T. Montgomery



Mesoscale Tank Experiments for Investigating Carbon Tetrachloride Biodegradation  

SciTech Connect

Mesoscale tank experiments were performed to simulate bioremediation of saturated zone carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) originating from a vadose zone carbon tetrachloride source. The mesoscale tank is 2-m wide by 2-m high by 3-m long and was constructed of stainless steel, yielding a total volume of 12 m3. Simulated geology within the tank consisted of two unconsolidated sand layers separated by a clay layer containing variable-sized stainless steel tubes that represented fractures within a consolidated porous medium. The thickness of the upper sand layer was approximately 55 cm, the thickness of the virtual fracture layer was 25 cm, and the thickness of the lower sand layer was approximately 98 cm. The water table was located at an elevation of approximately 54 cm from the bottom of the tank. CCl4 was added to the sealed tank by pouring 500 ml of neat CCl4 into a beaker buried approximately 10 cm below the upper sand surface through a stainless steel tube. The CCl4 was then allowed to partition through the reactor over time, eventually coming to equilibrium. Once CCl4 equilibrium had occurred in the saturated zone (~500 ppb); the reactor was bioaugmented with a CCl4 degrading culture enriched from the Subsurface Disposal Area at the INEEL. The culture was grown to a cell density of ~ 1.0 x 108 cells/ml and injected into the simulated aquifer through a center sampling port. Following injection of the culture, an initial aliquot of lactate (1,000 g/L), nitrogen, and phosphorus were added to the reactor. Lactate was injected every 3 – 5 days for one month. After 1 month of operation, a continuous supply of lactate (1,000 g/L) was pumped into the reactor at an average rate of 50 mL/min. CCl4 concentrations in the unsaturated zone were measured using hollow fiber membrane samplers, while liquid samples were analyzed to monitor levels in the simulated aquifer zone. Samples were also taken for analysis of volatile organic acids and cell density. As would be expected, increases in cell density over the length of the cell correlated with the flow of the water through the cell. One week following injection microbes and lactate, cell numbers were in the range of 5.0 x 106 cells/mL, by the end of the experiment cell numbers had increased to approximately 1.94 x 107 cells/mL. Five days after lactate injection was initiated, chloroform appeared in liquid samples taken for chlorinated VOC analysis. CCl4 concentrations in the liquid phase dropped to approximately 180 ppb. At the conclusion of the batch lactate injection phase of the bioaugmentation, CCl4 levels averaged 40 ppb and chloroform levels averaged 44 ppb. Interestingly, once continuous lactate addition was initiated, CCl4 concentrations in the saturated zone increased with spikes as high as 3,000 ppb. Chloroform concentrations also increased following continuous addition of lactate. Since the CCl4 source in the breaker had been depleted, vadose zone concentrations of CCl4 dropped steadily during addition of lactate to the saturated zone. CCl4 levels of ~ 800 ppmv were noted at the beginning of the experiment, levels decreased to below 200 ppmv by the end of the bioaugmentation phase. No chloroform was noted in the vadose zone during testing.

Brady D. Lee; Robert J. Lenhard



Iterated finite-orbit Monte Carlo simulations with full-wave fields for modeling tokamak ion cyclotron resonance frequency wave heating experiments  

SciTech Connect

The five-dimensional finite-orbit Monte Carlo code ORBIT-RF[M. Choi et al., Phys. Plasmas 12, 1 (2005)] is successfully coupled with the two-dimensional full-wave code all-orders spectral algorithm (AORSA) [E. F. Jaeger et al., Phys. Plasmas 13, 056101 (2006)] in a self-consistent way to achieve improved predictive modeling for ion cyclotron resonance frequency (ICRF) wave heating experiments in present fusion devices and future ITER [R. Aymar et al., Nucl. Fusion 41, 1301 (2001)]. The ORBIT-RF/AORSA simulations reproduce fast-ion spectra and spatial profiles qualitatively consistent with fast ion D-alpha [W. W. Heidbrink et al., Plasma Phys. Controlled Fusion 49, 1457 (2007)] spectroscopic data in both DIII-D [J. L. Luxon, Nucl. Fusion 42, 614 (2002)] and National Spherical Torus Experiment [M. Ono et al., Nucl. Fusion 41, 1435 (2001)] high harmonic ICRF heating experiments. This work verifies that both finite-orbit width effect of fast-ion due to its drift motion along the torus and iterations between fast-ion distribution and wave fields are important in modeling ICRF heating experiments.

Choi, M.; Chan, V. S.; Lao, L. L.; Pinsker, R. I. [General Atomics, P.O. Box 85608, San Diego, California 92186-5608 (United States); Green, D.; Berry, L. A.; Jaeger, F.; Park, J. M. [Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37830 (United States); Heidbrink, W. W.; Liu, D.; Podesta, M. [University of California-Irvine, Irvine, California 92697 (United States); Harvey, R. [CompX, P.O. Box 2672, Del Mar, California 92014-5672 (United States); Smithe, D. N. [Tech-X Corporation, Boulder, Colorado 80303 (United States); Bonoli, P. [Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 (United States)



Finite element analysis of grain-matrix micro-cracking in shale within the context of a multiscale modeling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, hydrofracturing, or oil shale production. Current macro- scale and multiscale models do not account simultaneously

Regueiro, Richard A.


Equivalence of finite difference approximation and digital waveguide modeling for lossless, nondispersive media in one to three dimensions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The finite difference approximation method is commonly used to convert a differential equation into a recursive computation for computer simulation of an acoustic medium. Less well known is the digital waveguidemodeling approach to the same problem which is based on simulating the propagation of sampled traveling waves in the medium and which implements losses and dispersion using digital filters applied to the traveling waves [Comput. Music. J. 74–91 (Winter 1992)]. It turns out the two methods are equivalent in rectilinear coordinates in one two and three dimensions in the lossless nondispersive case provided the spatial sampling interval is chosen to be a specific constant (c in the one?dimensional case) times the temporal sampling interval. Since the digital waveguide simulation technique requires far less computational effort it can be used to both accelerate and increase the accuracy of numerical simulations of acoustic media.

Julius O. Smith III; Scott A. Van Duyne



Lattice Boltzmann models for non-Newtonian flows  

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......Issue: Modelling the mesoscale Lattice Boltzmann models for non-Newtonian flows...road, Chester CH1 4BJ, UK The lattice Boltzmann method has been established...the case of inelastic fluids. lattice Boltzmann methods|non-Newtonian fluids......

T. N. Phillips; G. W. Roberts



Modelled and observed variability of the atmospheric circulation the Peruvian Current System: 2000-2005  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on the characteristics of the local equatorward atmospheric circulation. Resolving the mesoscale variability of the heat Mesoscale Model (MM5) and Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) that were run over the Peruvian Current System (PCS) [0N-19°S; 83°W-68°W] from November 2000- October 2005. Wind data as derived from


Formation of Meso-Scale Roughening in 6022-T4 Al Sheets Deformed in Plane-Strain Tension  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Meso-scale surface roughening evolution in 6022-T4 Al sheets was investigated using plane-strain tension. Formation of grain-scale hills and valleys and their relation to the morphologies and corresponding orientations of surface grains after deformation were examined experimentally. These observations were analyzed using various approaches based on the Schmid and Taylor crystal plasticity models. It was observed that surface grains with and without slip bands tend to form valleys and hills, respectively, wherever these two types of grains are adjacent to each other along the planestrain tension direction. When the sample was pulled along the transverse direction, the formation of hills and valleys by unbanded and banded grains was more lineally organized in the plane-strain (rolling) direction than in the sample which was pulled along the rolling direction. Slip banding and valley formation were principally observed in the surface grains with either very few (1?2) slip systems of high Schmid factors or low Taylor factors, in contrast to non slip-banded and hillforming surface grains. Quantitative analysis using correlation coefficients showed that the Schmid factor provided slightly better agreement than the Taylor factor in predicting slip-banding (and valley-forming) and non slip-banding (and hill-forming) behaviors of surface grains. In addition, measures that quantify the image qualities of EBSPs for selected surface grains suggested that the slip-banded and valley-forming grains contain less lattice distortion than the non slip-banded and Currently at Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Carnegie Mellon University, PAhill-forming grains despite the larger strains experienced by these grains. This indicates that dislocations in the slip-banded grains move out of the surface to create deformation without lattice distortion. Plastic interactions between specific neighboring grains are central to the formation of meso-scale surface roughening. 1.

unknown authors


Fast history matching of finite-difference model, compressible and three-phase flow using streamline-derived sensitivities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

upscaled from fine-scale geologic/geocellular models to This dissertation follows the style and format of the SPE Journal. 2 coarser reservoir simulation models for field development studies...

Cheng, Hao



One and two-dimensional finite difference models of pore pressure evolution within and below a moving thrust sheet  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-dimensionalized numerical and analytical solutions of the one-dimensional model using identical parameters to solve Equation 3 when KH is homogeneous. . . . . . . . . . . , , , . . . . . . . . . . . , . . . . . . . . . . . , . , 36 12 Total pore pressure at the end... deposition) for the one-dimensional model. . 40 14 Total pore pressure at the end of Stage 3 (thrust loading) for the one- dimensional model. . 42 15 Decay of X with time beginning at the end of Stage 3 (thrust loading) for the one-dimensional model...

Smith, Richard Edwin



Meso-Scale Planning for Multi-Agent Navigation Liang He Jur van den Berg  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Meso-Scale Planning for Multi-Agent Navigation Liang He Jur van den Berg Abstract-- We introduce are with the of School of Computing, University of Utah. E-mail: lianghe.hust@gmail.com, berg@cs.utah.edu. Fig. 1

van den Berg, Jur


Mesoscale energetics and ows induced by sea-land and mountain-valley contrasts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mesoscale energetics and ¯ows induced by sea-land and mountain-valley contrasts S. Federico1 , G. A October 1999 Abstract. We study the relative importance of sea-land and mountain-valley thermal contrasts and the west-facing slopes in the afternoon. The local thermally driven winds follow the development

Paris-Sud XI, Université de


Larval fish assemblages and mesoscale oceanographic structure along the Mesoamerican Barrier Reef System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Larval fish assemblages and mesoscale oceanographic structure along the Mesoamerican Barrier Reef Caribbean region, and contains spawning sites for a number of reef fish species. Despite this, little is known of the distribution and transport of pelagic fish larvae in the area, and basic in situ


ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, VOL. 27, NO. 2, 2010, 243252 Mesoscale Barotropic Instability of Vortex Rossby  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ADVANCES IN ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, VOL. 27, NO. 2, 2010, 243­252 Mesoscale Barotropic Instability of Vortex Rossby Waves in Tropical Cyclones ZHONG Wei1 ( Í), LU Han-Cheng1 (ö ), and Da-Lin ZHANG2 1 Institute of Meteorology, PLA University of Science and Technology, Nanjing 211101 2 Department

Zhang, Da-Lin


Parameterized Mesoscale Forcing Mechanisms for Initiating Numerically Simulated Isolated Multicellular Convection  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Multicellular Convection ADRIAN M. LOFTUS* School of Meteorology, University of Oklahoma, Norman, Oklahoma DANIEL B. WEBER Center for Analysis and Prediction of Storms, University of Oklahoma, Norman, Oklahoma CHARLES A. DOSWELL III Cooperative Institute for Mesoscale Meteorological Studies, University of Oklahoma

Doswell III, Charles A.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mesoscale modeling finite" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


Evaluation of mesoscale convective systems in South America using multiple satellite products and an objectbased approach  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Evaluation of mesoscale convective systems in South America using multiple satellite products­2003 in the La Plata river basin, southeastern South America, were analyzed with the Contiguous Rain Area (CRA; Salby and Callaghan, 1997]. However, in South America, few studies have assessed the validity

Ebert, Beth


Radar, satellite, and lightning characteristics of select mesoscale convective systems in Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This study compares radar data from the League City, Texas WSR-88D and cloud-to-ground (CG) lightning data for a set of eight mesoscale convective systems (MCSs) which occur at various stages of development along the upper Texas Gulf Coast. Vertical...

Toracinta, Ernest Richard



The Tilt of the Leading Edge of Mesoscale Tropical Convective Lines  

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The tilt with height of the leading edge of seven mesoscale convective lines in GATE is determined by two independent methods. When averaged over time and along the line axis, the tilt is found to he surprisingly shallow, between 20 and 35 ...

M. A. LeMone; G. M. Barnes; E. J. Szoke; E. J. Zipser



Mesoscale Convective Systems and Their Synoptic-scale Environment in Finland  

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The environments which high-latitude intense and non-intense mesoscale convective systems (iMCSs and niMCSs) and smaller thunderstorm clusters (subMCS) develop in were studied using proximity soundings. Eight-year MCS statistics were created by ...



Vocal tract changes caused by phonation into a tube: A case study using computer tomography and finite-element modeling  

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Phonation into a glass tube is a voice training and therapy method that leads to beneficial effects in voice production. It has not been known however what changes occur in the vocal tract during and after the phonation into a tube. This pilot study examined the vocal tract shape in a female subject before during and after phonation into a tube using computer tomography(CT). Three-dimensional finite-elementmodels (FEMs) of the vocal tract were derived from the CTimages and used to study changes in vocal tract input impedance. When phonating on vowel [a:] the data showed tightened velopharyngeal closure and enlarged cross-sectional areas of the oropharyngeal and oral cavities during and after the tube-phonation. FEM calculations revealed an increased input inertance of the vocal tract and an increased acoustic energy radiated out of the vocal tract after the tube-phonation. The results indicate that the phonation into a tube causes changes in the vocal tract which remain also when the tube is removed. These effects may help improving voice production in patients and voice professionals.

TomᚠVampola; Anne-Maria Laukkanen; Jaromír Horá?ek; Jan G. Švec



Mesoscale Simulations of a Wind Ramping Event for Wind Energy Prediction  

SciTech Connect

Ramping events, or rapid changes of wind speed and wind direction over a short period of time, present challenges to power grid operators in regions with significant penetrations of wind energy in the power grid portfolio. Improved predictions of wind power availability require adequate predictions of the timing of ramping events. For the ramping event investigated here, the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model was run at three horizontal resolutions in 'mesoscale' mode: 8100m, 2700m, and 900m. Two Planetary Boundary Layer (PBL) schemes, the Yonsei University (YSU) and Mellor-Yamada-Janjic (MYJ) schemes, were run at each resolution as well. Simulations were not 'tuned' with nuanced choices of vertical resolution or tuning parameters so that these simulations may be considered 'out-of-the-box' tests of a numerical weather prediction code. Simulations are compared with sodar observations during a wind ramping event at a 'West Coast North America' wind farm. Despite differences in the boundary-layer schemes, no significant differences were observed in the abilities of the schemes to capture the timing of the ramping event. As collaborators have identified, the boundary conditions of these simulations probably dominate the physics of the simulations. They suggest that future investigations into characterization of ramping events employ ensembles of simulations, and that the ensembles include variations of boundary conditions. Furthermore, the failure of these simulations to capture not only the timing of the ramping event but the shape of the wind profile during the ramping event (regardless of its timing) indicates that the set-up and execution of such simulations for wind power forecasting requires skill and tuning of the simulations for a specific site.

Rhodes, M; Lundquist, J K



Finite-Difference Modeling of Noise Coupling between Power/Ground Planes in Multilayered Packages and Boards  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

system become increasingly more critical regarding the signal integrity and electromagnetic interference electromagnetic interference. Hence, accurate modeling of power/ground planes is critical to estimate the noise

Swaminathan, Madhavan


Rapid, automated imaging of mouse articular cartilage by microCT for early detection of osteoarthritis and finite element modelling of joint mechanics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

SummaryObjective Mouse articular cartilage (AC) is mostly assessed by histopathology and its mechanics is poorly characterised. In this study: (1) we developed non-destructive imaging for quantitative assessment of AC morphology and (2) evaluated the mechanical implications of AC structural changes. Methods Knee joints obtained from naïve mice and from mice with osteoarthritis (OA) induced by destabilization of medial meniscus (DMM) for 4 and 12 weeks, were imaged by phosphotungstic acid (PTA) contrast enhanced micro-computed tomography (PTA-CT) and scored by conventional histopathology. Our software (Matlab) automatically segmented tibial AC, drew two regions centred on each tibial condyle and evaluated the volumes included. A finite element (FE) model of the whole mouse joint was implemented to evaluate AC mechanics. Results Our method achieved rapid, automated analysis of mouse AC (structural parameters in simulations estimated that AC thinning at early-stages in the DMM model (4 weeks) increases contact pressures (+39%) and Tresca stresses (+43%) in AC. Conclusion PTA-CT imaging is a fast and simple method to assess OA in murine models. Once applied more extensively to confirm its robustness, our approach will be useful for rapidly phenotyping genetically modified mice used for OA research and to improve the current understanding of mouse cartilage mechanics.

P. Das Neves Borges; A.E. Forte; T.L. Vincent; D. Dini; M. Marenzana



A Finite Landscape?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present evidence that the number of string/$M$ theory vacua consistent with experiments is a finite number. We do this both by explicit analysis of infinite sequences of vacua and by applying various mathematical finiteness theorems.

Bobby S Acharya; Michael R Douglas



Modeling, Analysis and Simulation of Multiscale Preferential Flow - 8/05-8/10 - Final Report  

SciTech Connect

The research agenda of this project are: (1) Modeling of preferential transport from mesoscale to macroscale; (2) Modeling of fast flow in narrow fractures in porous media; (3) Pseudo-parabolic Models of Dynamic Capillary Pressure; (4) Adaptive computational upscaling of flow with inertia from porescale to mesoscale; (5) Adaptive modeling of nonlinear coupled systems; and (6) Adaptive modeling and a-posteriori estimators for coupled systems with heterogeneous data.

Ralph Showalter; Malgorzata Peszynska



The evolution of total lightning and radar reflectivity characteristics of two mesoscale convective systems over Houston, Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Two mesoscale convective systems (MCSs) passed over the Houston Lightning Detection and Ranging (LDAR) network on 31 October 2005 and 21 April 2006. As the MCSs traverse the LDAR network, the systems slowly mature with a weakening convective line...

Hodapp, Charles Lee



Evaluation of Ensemble Configurations for the Analysis and Prediction of Heavy-Rain-Producing Mesoscale Convective Systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study investigates probabilistic forecasts made using different convection-allowing ensemble configurations for a three-day period in June 2010 when numerous heavy-rain-producing mesoscale convective systems (MCSs) occurred in the United ...

Russ S. Schumacher; Adam J. Clark



Momentum transport processes in the stratiform regions of mesoscale convective systems over the western Pacific warm pool  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Momentum transport by the stratiform components of mesoscale convective systems (MCSs) during the Tropical Ocean–Global Atmosphere Coupled Ocean–Atmosphere Response Experiment in December 1992 is investigated using a ...

Mechem, David B.; Chen, Shuyi S.; Houze, Robert A. Jr.



Verification and Validation of EnergyPlus Conduction Finite Difference and Phase Change Material Models for Opaque Wall Assemblies  

SciTech Connect

Phase change materials (PCMs) represent a potential technology to reduce peak loads and HVAC energy consumption in buildings. There are few building energy simulation programs that have the capability to simulate PCM but their accuracy has not been completely tested. This report summarizes NREL efforts to develop diagnostic tests cases to obtain accurate energy simulations when PCMs are modeled in residential buildings.

Tabares-Velasco, P. C.; Christensen, C.; Bianchi, M.; Booten, C.



A Statistical Analysis of Characteristics of Mesoscale Convective System Mountain Initiation Location Clusters in the Arkansas-Red River Basin  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Statistical Analysis of Characteristics of Mesoscale Convective System Mountain Initiation Location Clusters in the Arkansas-Red River Basin By Elisabeth F. Callen Submitted to the graduate degree program in Geography and the Graduate... ____________________________________ David Mechem Date Defended: November 9, 2012 ii The Thesis Committee for Elisabeth F. Callen certifies that this is the approved version of the following thesis: A Statistical Analysis of Characteristics of Mesoscale Convective...

Callen, Elisabeth F.



A Coupled Model Study on the Formation and Dissipation of Sea Fogs  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study examined the impact of air–sea coupling using a coupled atmosphere–ocean modeling system consisting of the Coupled Ocean–Atmosphere Mesoscale Prediction System as the atmospheric component and the Regional Ocean Modeling System as the ...

Ki-Young Heo; Kyung-Ja Ha



Initial Testing of a Numerical Ocean Circulation Model Using a Hybrid (Quasi-Isopycnic) Vertical Coordinate  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An ocean circulation model, developed for the study of mesoscale to gyre-scale circulation and heat transport, is described and tested. The model employs density as vertical coordinate except in the immediate vicinity of possible coordinate ...

Rainer Bleck; Douglas B. Boudra



The Southern Ocean in the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project phase 5  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...atmosphere and ocean (although the ocean remains too coarse to permit mesoscale eddies), a larger proportion of full Earth system models (ESMs) resolving biogeochemical cycles, the inclusion of atmospheric ozone in all models and more complete atmospheric...



Extremality of translation-invariant phases for a finite-state SOS-model on the binary tree  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider the SOS (solid-on-solid) model, with spin values $0,1,2$, on the Cayley tree of order two (binary tree). We treat both ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic coupling, with interactions which are proportional to the absolute value of the spin differences. We present a classification of all translation-invariant phases (splitting Gibbs measures) of the model: We show uniqueness in the case of antiferromagnetic interactions, and existence of up to seven phases in the case of ferromagnetic interactions, where the number of phases depends on the interaction strength. Next we investigate whether these states are extremal or non-extremal in the set of all Gibbs measures, when the coupling strength is varied, whenever they exist. We show that two states are always extremal, two states are always non-extremal, while three of the seven states make transitions between extremality and non-extremality. We provide explicit bounds on those transition values, making use of algebraic properties of the models, and an adaptation of the method of Martinelli, Sinclair, Weitz.

C. Kuelske; U. A. Rozikov



Physiological observations validate finite element models for estimating subject-specific electric field distributions induced by transcranial magnetic stimulation of the human motor cortex  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Recent evidence indicates subject-specific gyral folding patterns and white matter anisotropy uniquely shape electric fields generated by TMS. Current methods for predicting the brain regions influenced by TMS involve projecting the TMS coil position or center of gravity onto realistic head models derived from structural and functional imaging data. Similarly, spherical models have been used to estimate electric field distributions generated by TMS pulses delivered from a particular coil location and position. In the present paper we inspect differences between electric field computations estimated using the finite element method (FEM) and projection-based approaches described above. We then more specifically examined an approach for estimating cortical excitation volumes based on individualistic FEM simulations of electric fields. We evaluated this approach by performing neurophysiological recordings during MR-navigated motormapping experiments. We recorded motor evoked potentials (MEPs) in response to single pulse TMS using two different coil orientations (45° and 90° to midline) at 25 different locations (5 × 5 grid, 1 cm spacing) centered on the hotspot of the right first dorsal interosseous (FDI) muscle in left motor cortex. We observed that motor excitability maps varied within and between subjects as a function of TMS coil position and orientation. For each coil position and orientation tested, simulations of the TMS-induced electric field were computed using individualistic FEM models and compared to MEP amplitudes obtained during our motormapping experiments. We found FEM simulations of electric field strength, which take into account subject-specific gyral geometry and tissue conductivity anisotropy, significantly correlated with physiologically observed MEP amplitudes (rmax = 0.91, p = 1.8 × 10-5 rmean = 0.81, p = 0.01). These observations validate the implementation of individualistic FEM models to account for variations in gyral folding patterns and tissue conductivity anisotropy, which should help improve the targeting accuracy of TMS in the mapping or modulation of human brain circuits.

Alexander Opitz; Wynn Legon; Abby Rowlands; Warren K. Bickel; Walter Paulus; William J. Tyler


Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mesoscale modeling finite" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


Quantum-electrodynamic model of the finite-size electron and calculation of the fine-structure constant  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose a model of a relativistic string formed by a scalar complex field, acting as electromagnetic field source. An axiosymmetric solutions of the stationary equations for the scalar and electromagnetic fields are found numerically. The mass $m$ is calculated as a function of the charge $e$ and the magnetic moment $\\mu$ of the system. The resulting toroidal structure is interpreted as an electron because the calculated ratio $e^3/(2mc^2\\mu)$ coincides with the fine-structure constant $\\alpha=e^2/(\\hbar c)\\approx e^3/(2m_ec^2\\mu_e)$.

E. P. Likhtman



Coastal Wave Generation and Wave Breaking over Terrain: Two Problems in Mesoscale Wave Dynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with open circles). The resolved-scale eddy term is shown by stars (no line), with the background viscous part then being the di erence between the net resolved-scale and resolved-scale eddy parts. : : : : : : : : : : : 36 16 Schematic sea breeze system... breeze and mesoscale convective systems. Gravity wave momentum transport away from topography in particular plays an important role in the momentum budget of the atmosphere and hence the general circulation. The present study addresses two aspects...

Qian, Tingting



An investigation of the rainfall distribution of a mesoscale network in Ecuador  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

provides a preliminary investigation of the mesoscale rainfall distribution of two geographical areas. The spatial distribution of rainfall at San Carlos, Ecuador, is compared with the spatial distribution at Riesel, Texas. This study is based upon..., 1964) at San Carlos and the daily rainfall of the 1960-1964 warm seasons (May through September) at Riesel. The isohyetal patterns and the depth-area relations show that rainfall often varies greatly over short dis- tances. A relationship exists...

Guest, Tommy Dean



Finiteness properties and profinite completions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......finite or of finite index, [14, Chapter...PROPERTIES AND PROFINITE COMPLETIONS 107 Finally, by...every finite index subgroup of a finitely...the profinite completion of a finitely generated...for every finite index subgroup...same pronilpotent completion they also have the......

Alexander Lubotzky



Numerical Simulation in Applied Geophysics. From the Mesoscale to ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Instead of solving the global problem associated with the above model, we obtained the solution using a parallel FE ... Black-Oil simulator. .... used in hydrocarbon exploration geophysics, mining and reservoir characterization and production.


Modeling of underwater noise from pile driving using coupled finite element and parabolic equation model with improved parabolic equation starting field  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An offshore wind farm will be constructed in the Yellow Sea west of Korean Peninsula where there are extensive fishing activity and numerous fishery farms. To study the effect of underwater piling noise on fishing and marine lives we model the pile driving noise propagation using coupled FE and PE model. The near-field noise is computed by FE model considering detailed specifications of the pile driving system. We apply 2D axis-symmetric geometry and utilize acoustic structure interaction analysis in the frequency domain. The FE results are used to compose the starting field for PE model where appropriate range selection is an important factor to cover most of the contributing ray paths. Extrapolation technique to compensate the lack of FE data and the numerical filtering method to smooth the FE result are discussed. In the far-field the noise propagation is modeled by the split step Pade PE algorithm. The improved PE starting field seems to give refined result than previous coupled model.

Jungyong Park



A three–dimensional lattice–gas model for amphiphilic fluid dynamics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...it is implemented using high-performance computing and visualization techniques...mesoscale modelling|high-performance computing|lattice gas|amphiphilic...is imple- mented using high-performance computing and visualization techniques...



A Modeling Study of Circulation and Eddies in the Persian Gulf  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The circulation and mesoscale eddies in the Persian Gulf are investigated using results from a high-resolution (?1 km) Hybrid Coordinate Ocean Model (HYCOM). The circulation in the Persian Gulf is composed of two spatial scales: basin scale and ...

Prasad G. Thoppil; Patrick J. Hogan



Diurnal cycle of air pollution in the Kathmandu Valley, Nepal: 2. Modeling results  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

After completing a 9-month field experiment studying air pollution and meteorology in the Kathmandu Valley, Nepal, we set up the mesoscale meteorological model MM5 to simulate the Kathmandu Valley's meteorology with a ...

Panday, Arnico K.


BLT-EC (Breach, Leach Transport, and Equilibrium Chemistry), a finite-element model for assessing the release of radionuclides from low-level waste disposal units: Background, theory, and model description  

SciTech Connect

Performance assessment models typically account for the processes of sorption and dissolution-precipitation by using an empirical distribution coefficient, commonly referred to as K{sub d} that combines the effects of all chemical reactions between solid and aqueous phases. In recent years, however, there has been an increasing awareness that performance assessments based solely on empirically based K{sub d} models may be incomplete, particularly for applications involving radionuclides having sorption and solubility properties that are sensitive to variations in the in-situ chemical environment. To accommodate variations in the in-situ chemical environment, and to assess its impact on radionuclide mobility, it is necessary to model radionuclide release, transport, and chemical processes in a coupled fashion. This modeling has been done and incorporated into the two-dimensional, finite-element, computer code BLT-EC (Breach, Leach, Transport, Equilibrium Chemistry). BLT-EC is capable of predicting container degradation, waste-form leaching, and advective-dispersive, multispecies, solute transport. BLT-EC accounts for retardation directly by modeling the chemical processes of complexation, sorption, dissolution-precipitation, ion-exchange, and oxidation-reduction reactions. In this report we: (1) present a detailed description of the various physical and chemical processes that control the release and migration of radionuclides from shallow land LLW disposal facilities; (2) formulate the mathematical models that represent these processes; (3) outline how these models are incorporated and implemented in BLT-EC; and (4) demonstrate the application of BLT-EC on a set of example problems.

MacKinnon, R.J.; Sullivan, T.M. [Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States); Simonson, S.A. [Massachusetts Inst. of Technology, Cambridge, MA (United States); Suen, C.J. [California State Univ., Fresno, CA (United States)



SciDAC Center for Simulation of Wave-Plasma Interactions - Iterated Finite-Orbit Monte Carlo Simulations with Full-Wave Fields for Modeling Tokamak ICRF Wave Heating Experiments - Final Report  

SciTech Connect

This final report describes the work performed under U.S. Department of Energy Cooperative Agreement DE-FC02-08ER54954 for the period April 1, 2011 through March 31, 2013. The goal of this project was to perform iterated finite-orbit Monte Carlo simulations with full-wall fields for modeling tokamak ICRF wave heating experiments. In year 1, the finite-orbit Monte-Carlo code ORBIT-RF and its iteration algorithms with the full-wave code AORSA were improved to enable systematical study of the factors responsible for the discrepancy in the simulated and the measured fast-ion FIDA signals in the DIII-D and NSTX ICRF fast-wave (FW) experiments. In year 2, ORBIT-RF was coupled to the TORIC full-wave code for a comparative study of ORBIT-RF/TORIC and ORBIT-RF/AORSA results in FW experiments.

Choi, Myunghee [Retired] [Retired; Chan, Vincent S. [General Atomics] [General Atomics



Coastal Atmospheric Circulation around an Idealized Cape during Wind-Driven Upwelling Studied from a Coupled Ocean–Atmosphere Model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The study analyzes atmospheric circulation around an idealized coastal cape during summertime upwelling-favorable wind conditions simulated by a mesoscale coupled ocean–atmosphere model. The domain resembles an eastern ocean boundary with a ...

Natalie Perlin; Eric D. Skyllingstad; Roger M. Samelson



Numerical Simulation of the Meso-? Scale Structure and Evolution of the 1977 Johnstown Flood. Part I: Model Description and Verification  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Pennsylvania State University/NCAR mesoscale model, originally developed by Anthes and Warner, is modified to simulate the meso-? scale structure and evolution of convectively driven weather systems. The modifications include: (i) two-way ...

Da-Lin Zhang; J. Michael Fritsch



Testing a Detailed Biophysical Parameterization for Land–Air Exchange in a High-Resolution Boundary-Layer Model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In order to properly model the influence of land surface properties on mesoscale atmospheric phenomena, it is important to include physically realistic parameterizations of major biophysical processes involved. The primary influence of the ...

S. Argentini; P. J. Wetzel; V. M. Karyampudi



The characterization of ice hydrometeor gamma size distributions as volumes in N0-?–? phase space: Implications for microphysical process modeling  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Gamma distributions represent particle size distributions (SDs) in mesoscale and cloud resolving models that predict one, two or three moments of hydrometeor species. They are characterized by intercept (N0), slope (?) and shape (?) parameters ...

Greg M. McFarquhar; Tsung-Lin Hsieh; Matt Freer; Jeana Mascio; Brian F. Jewett


Finite N from Resurgent Large N  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Due to instanton effects, gauge-theoretic large N expansions yield asymptotic series, in powers of 1/N^2. The present work shows how to generically make such expansions meaningful via their completion into resurgent transseries, encoding both perturbative and nonperturbative data. Large N resurgent transseries compute gauge-theoretic finite N results nonperturbatively (no matter how small N is). Explicit calculations are carried out within the gauge theory prototypical example of the quartic matrix model. Due to integrability in the matrix model, it is possible to analytically compute (fixed integer) finite N results. At the same time, the large N resurgent transseries for the free energy of this model was recently constructed. Together, it is shown how the resummation of the large N resurgent transseries matches the analytical finite N results up to remarkable numerical accuracy. Due to lack of Borel summability, Stokes phenomena has to be carefully taken into account, implying that instantons play a dominan...

Couso-Santamaría, Ricardo; Vaz, Ricardo



Four-Dimensional Assimilation of Multitime Wind Profiles over a Single Station and Numerical Simulation of a Mesoscale Convective  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on the numerical simulation of the convective initiation and evolution. Besides the wind fields, the structureFour-Dimensional Assimilation of Multitime Wind Profiles over a Single Station and Numerical Simulation of a Mesoscale Convective System Observed during IHOP_2002 LEI ZHANG AND ZHAOXIA PU Department

Pu, Zhaoxia


The Surface Expression of Semidiurnal Internal Tides near a Strong Source at Hawaii. Part II: Interactions with Mesoscale Currents*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

: the cyclone causes the energy of internal tide rays propagating through its core to increase near the surface with astronomical forcing because of the presence of mesoscale variability. Internal tide energy is mainly affected but not negligible role, inducing energy transfers between the internal tides and background currents. Furthermore


Mesoscale Self-Assembly: Capillary Bonds and Negative Menisci Ned Bowden, Scott R. J. Oliver, and George M. Whitesides*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mesoscale Self-Assembly: Capillary Bonds and Negative Menisci Ned Bowden, Scott R. J. Oliver., Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138 ReceiVed: September 2, 1999 This paper describes the self-assembly) that examined the self-assembly of hexagonal plates of PDMS (F ) 1.05 g/cm3) that had a density close

Prentiss, Mara


October 1986 R. H. Johnson 721 Lower-Tropospheric Warming and Drying in Tropical Mesoscale Convective Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

October 1986 R. H. Johnson 721 Lower-Tropospheric Warming and Drying in Tropical Mesoscale Convective Systems: Implications for the Problem of Cumulus Parameterization By Richard H. Johnson Department beneath the stratiform com- ponents of these systems (Houze, 1977; Zipser, 1977; Johnson and Kriete, 1982

Johnson, Richard H.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mesoscale modeling finite" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


An experimental and numerical investigation of premixed syngas combustion dynamics in mesoscale channels with controlled wall temperature profiles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The dynamics in H2/CO/O2/N2 premixed combustion was investigated experimentally and numerically in a 7-mm height mesoscale channel at atmospheric pressure, fuel–lean equivalence ratios 0.25–0.42, volumetric CO:H2 ratios 1:1 to 20:1, and wall temperatures 550–1320 K. Experiments were performed in an optically-accessible channel-flow reactor and involved high-speed (up to 1 kHz) planar laser induced fluorescence (LIF) of the OH radical and thermocouple measurements of the upper and lower channel wall temperatures. Simulations were carried out with a transient 2-D code, which included an elementary syngas reaction mechanism and detailed species transport. Demarcation of the experimentally-observed parameter space separating stationary and oscillatory combustion modes indicated that the former were favored at the higher wall temperatures and higher CO:H2 volumetric ratios, while the latter predominately appeared at the lower wall temperatures and lower CO:H2 ratios. The numerical model reproduced very well all stationary combustion modes, which included V-shaped and asymmetric (upper or lower) modes, in terms of flame shapes and flame anchoring positions. Simulations of the oscillatory flames, which appeared in the form of ignition/extinction events of varying spatial extents, were very sensitive to the specific boundary conditions and reproduced qualitatively the flame topology, the ignition sequence (including the periodic reversion from upper-asymmetric to lower-asymmetric flame propagation), and the range of measured oscillation frequencies. Predicted emissions in the stationary modes ranged from 25 to 94 ppm-mass for CO and from 0.1 to 0.3 ppm-mass for H2, while in the oscillatory modes incomplete combustion of both CO and H2 was attested during their oscillation period.

Andrea Brambilla; Marco Schultze; Christos E. Frouzakis; John Mantzaras; Rolf Bombach; Konstantinos Boulouchos



3.021J / 1.021J / 10.333J / 18.361J / 22.00J Introduction to Modeling and Simulation, Spring 2008  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This course explores the basic concepts of computer modeling and simulation in science and engineering. We'll use techniques and software for simulation, data analysis and visualization. Continuum, mesoscale, atomistic and ...

Buehler, Markus


Diffractive imaging at large Fresnel number: Challenge of dynamic mesoscale imaging with hard x rays  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Real materials have structure at both the atomic or crystalline scale as well as at interfaces and defects at the larger scale of grains. There is a need for the study of materials at the “mesoscale,” the scale at which subgranular physical processes and intergranular organization couple to determine microstructure, crucially impacting constitutive response at the engineering macroscale. Diffractive imaging using photons that can penetrate multiple grains of material would be a transformative technique for the study of the performance of materials in dynamic extremes. Thicker samples imply higher energy photons of shorter wavelength, and imaging of multiple grains implies bigger spot sizes. Such imaging requires the use of future planned and proposed hard x-ray free electron lasers (such as the European XFEL) to provide both the spatial coherence transverse to the large spots and the peak brilliance to provide the short illumination times. The result is that the Fresnel number of the system becomes large and is no longer in the Fraunhofer far-field limit. The interrelated issues of diffractive imaging at large Fresnel number are analyzed, including proof that diffractive imaging is possible in this limit and estimates of the signal-to-noise possible. In addition, derivation of the heating rates for brilliant pulses of x rays are presented. The potential and limitations on multiple dynamic images are derived. This paper will present a study of x-ray interactions with materials in this new regime of spatially coherent but relatively large mesoscale spots at very hard energies. It should provide the theory and design background for the experiments and facilities required to control materials in extreme environments, in particular for the next generation of very-hard-x-ray free electron lasers.

John L. Barber; Cris W. Barnes; Richard L. Sandberg; Richard L. Sheffield



Finite generation conjectures for cohomology over finite fields.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We construct an intermediate cohmology between motivic cohomology and Weil-etale cohomology. Using this, the Bass conjecture on finite generation of motivic cohomology, and the Beilinson-Tate on the finite generation of Weil-etale cohomology are related.

Thomas H Geisser


Three-dimensional thermo-elastic–plastic finite element modeling of quenching process of plain-carbon steel in couple with phase transformation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study focuses on finite element investigations of quenching process which is commonly applied to improve mechanical properties such as strength, hardness, and wear/fatigue resistances, etc. During the quenching process, various kinds of microstructures evolve depending on the cooling rate and temperature variation within the steel. This microstructural evolution has a significant effect on the final dimension and geometry of the mechanical parts. In order to investigate the effect of temperature variation and phase transformation on the dimensional change and stress distribution, thermo-elastic–plastic constitutive equation coupled with the mechanical strain, thermal strain, phase transformation strain, and transformation induced plasticity is described in detail. Using the constitutive equation introduced, a finite element program was developed and used to predict distributions of the temperature, volume fraction of each phase transformed, and stress and dimensional change of the cylindrical specimen, shaft with key groove, and cam-lobe made of carbon steel. It was found out that numerically obtained values such as temperature history and stress distribution were in good agreement with the data available in the literature for the cylindrical carbon steel specimen. The developed program can be used for better understanding of mechanics involved with the quenching process.

Seong-Hoon Kang; Yong-Taek Im



Finite generators for countable group actions; Finite index pairs of equivalence relations; Complexity measures for recursive programs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Finite generators on comeagerconnections with finite generators and finitely additive30 Constructing finite generators using i-traveling

Tserunyan, Anush



Simulation of Seismic Real and Virtual Data Using the 3d Finite-difference Technique and Representation Theorem  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

through complex geological models. In recent years, a significant amount of work has been done in our group using 2D finite-difference modeling. For complex salt structures which exploration and pro- duction industries meet today, 2D finite...

Yang, Xiujun



Using Mesoscale Simulations to Train Statistical Models of Tropical Cyclone Intensity over Land  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The decay of tropical cyclones after landfall is a key factor in estimating the extent of the hazard overland. Yet our current understanding of this decay is challenged by the low frequency of past events. Consequently, one cannot rely solely ...

Augustin Colette; Nadja Leith; Vincent Daniel; Enrica Bellone; David S. Nolan



Mesoscale Modeling of a Li-Ion Polymer Cell Chia-Wei Wanga,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

version 3.2 . Four types of cathode active material particles, arranged in both regular and random arrays sizes of active material particles were also shown to be beneficial for high power density applications and for low diffusivity active materials. © 2007 The Electrochemical Society. DOI: 10.1149/1.2778285 All

Sastry, Ann Marie


Study and implementation of mesoscale weather forecasting models in the wind industry.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? As the wind industry is developing, it is asking for more reliable short-term wind forecasts to better manage the wind farms’ operations and electricity… (more)

Jourdier, Bénédicte



Mesoscale environmental models accompanying convection in the Texas HIPLEX region / by Mark Edward Humbert  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. The basic data were gridded using a scheme developed by Barnes(1964). The averages determined in this manner are an adequate representation of con- ditions surrounding Big Spring. The variables are presented at 850, 700, and 500 mb s1nce these levels... not be established at Big Spring since the moisture data were missing for that hour. 23-24 June 1977 Charts of radar echoes for this day are presented in Fig. 25 with those charts in the left-hand column corresponding to sounding times. Moderate rainshowers...

Humbert, Mark Edward



Modeling the Atmospheric Boundary Layer Wind Response to Mesoscale Sea Surface Temperature  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to local SST perturbations decreases rapidly with height to near-zero at 150-300m. The simulated wind speed of local SST perturbations, and the orientation of the surface wind to the SST gradient. #12;3 1. Introduction Positive correlations of local surface wind anomalies with sea surface temperature (SST) anomalies


On Finite Index Subgroups of Linear Groups  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......the pro-finite completion of F, is infinite...then every finite index subgroup is of p-power...subgroup T' of finite index in F, a finitely...the pro-finite completion of the ring A...denotes the m-adic completion of A with respect...ON FINITE INDEX SUBGROUPS OF LINEAR......

Alexander Lubotzky



Capacity of a Nonlinear Optical Channel With Finite Memory  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The channel capacity of a nonlinear, dispersive fiber-optic link is revisited. To this end, the popular Gaussian noise (GN) model is extended with a parameter to account for the finite...

Agrell, Erik; Alvarado, Alex; Durisi, Giuseppe; Karlsson, Magnus



Towards quantifying mesoscale flows in the troposphere using Raman lidar and sondes  

SciTech Connect

Water vapor plays an important role in the energetics of the boundary layer processes which in turn play a key role in regulating regional and global climate. It plays a primary role in Earth`s hydrological cycle, in radiation balance as a direct absorber of infrared radiation, and in atmospheric circulation as a latent heat energy source as well as in determining cloud development and atmospheric stability. Water vapor concentration, expressed as a mass mixing ratio, is conserved in all meteorological processes except condensation and evaporation. This property makes it an ideal choice for studying many of the atmosphere`s dynamic features. Raman scattering measurements from lidar also allow retrieval of water vapor mixing ratio profiles at high temporal and vertical resolution. Raman lidars sense water vapor to altitudes not achievable with towers and surface systems, sample the atmosphere at much higher temporal resolution than radiosondes or satellites, and do not require strong vertical gradients or turbulent fluctuations in temperature that is required by acoustic sounders and radars. Analysis of highly resolved water vapor profiles are used here to characterize two important mesoscale flows: thunderstorm outflows and a cold front passage.

Demoz, B.; Evans, K. [Univ. of Maryland Baltimore County, Baltimore, MD (United States); Starr, D. [NASA, Greenbelt, MD (United States). Goddard Space Flight Center] [and others



Equilibrium Structure of a Triblock Copolymer System Revealed by Mesoscale Simulation and Neutron Scattering  

SciTech Connect

We have performed both mesoscale simulations and neutron scattering experiments on Pluronic L62, a poly(ethylene oxide)-poly(propylene oxide)-poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO-PPO-PEO) triblock copolymer system in aqueous solution. The influence of simulation variables such PEO/PPO block ratio, interaction parameters, and coarse-graining methods is extensively investigated by covering all permutations of parameters found in the literatures. Upon increasing the polymer weight fraction from 50 wt% to 90 wt%, the equilibrium structure of the isotropic, reverse micellar, bicontinuous, worm-like micelle network, and lamellar phases are respectively predicted from the simulation depending on the choices of simulation parameters. Small angle neutron scattering (SANS) measurements show that the same polymer systems exhibit the spherical micellar, lamellar, and reverse micellar phases with the increase of the copolymer concentration at room temperature. Detailed structural analysis and comparison with simulations suggest that one of the simulation parameter sets can provide reasonable agreement with the experimentally observed structures.

Do, Changwoo [ORNL] [ORNL; Chen, Wei-Ren [ORNL] [ORNL; Hong, Kunlun [ORNL] [ORNL; Smith, Gregory Scott [ORNL] [ORNL



Impact of mesoscale eddies on water transport between the Pacific Ocean and the Bering Sea  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sea surface height anomalies observed by satellites in 1993--2012 are combined with simulation and observations by surface drifters and Argo floats to study water flow pattern in the Near Strait (NS) connected the Pacific Ocean with the Bering Sea. Daily Lagrangian latitudinal maps, computed with the AVISO surface velocity field, and calculation of the transport across the strait show that the flow through the NS is highly variable and controlled by mesoscale and submesoscale eddies in the area. On the seasonal scale, the flux through the western part of the NR is negatively correlated with the flux through its eastern part ($r=-0.93$). On the interannual time scale, a significant positive correlation ($r=0.72$) is diagnosed between the NS transport and the wind stress in winter. Increased southward component of the wind stress decreases the northward water transport through the strait. Positive wind stress curl over the strait area in winter--spring generates the cyclonic circulation and thereby enhances the...

Prants, S V; Budyansky, M V; Uleysky, M Yu



A finite element approach to the 3D CSEM modeling problem and applications to the study of the effect of target interaction andtopography  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to the dissipation of charge accumulated on the conductor boundary. The e?ect of this interaction varies with host conductivity, transmitter frequency, and conductor geometry, orientation, and conductivity. For three test models containingtwo highly conductive...

Stalnaker, Jack Lee



Using a 3D finite element forward modeling code to analyze resistive structures with controlled-source electromagnetics in a marine environment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to simulate CSEM experiments. The objective of the present study is to model the changes in electromagnetic response for a resistive disk and a more geometrically complex structure, which are rough approximations of hydrocarbon reservoirs. The parameters...

King, Joshua David




E-Print Network (OSTI)

and the thermoelectric material. The new model is especially useful when an accurate picture of transients materials with a high thermoelectric figure of merit to convert heat to electricity [3]. Despite relatively and application interest in thermoelectric materials has been in thin films [5], [6] and the design of microscale

Pugh, Mary

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mesoscale modeling finite" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


Finite generation of Tate cohomology.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Let G be a finite group and let k be a field of characteristic p. Given a finitely generated indecomposable non-projective kG-module M, we conjecture that if the Tate cohomology $\\HHHH^*(G, M)$ of G with coefficients in M is finitely generated over the Tate cohomology ring $\\HHHH^*(G, k)$, then the support variety V_G(M) of M is equal to the entire maximal ideal spectrum V_G(k). We prove various results which support this conjecture. The converse of this conjecture is established for modules in the connected component of k in the stable Auslander-Reiten quiver for kG, but it is shown to be false in general. It is also shown that all finitely generated kG-modules over a group G have finitely generated Tate cohomology if and only if G has periodic cohomology.

Jon F. Carlson; Sunil K. Chebolu; Jan Minac.; 15 (2011) 244-257


Finite-Pressure-Gradient Influences on Ideal Spheromak Equilibrium  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Spatially resolved measurements of the magnetic field of a spheromak have been analyzed and compared with expectations for the ratio of j?B from the pressure-gradient-free Taylor model and a model with pressure due to Morikawa. Better agreement is found with the model containing finite pressure.

G. W. Hart; C. Chin-Fatt; A. W. DeSilva; G. C. Goldenbaum; R. Hess; R. S. Shaw



Finite element analysis of controlled laser coagulation experiments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A mathematical model to predict the effect of laser and tissue parameters on the zone of thermal injury by laser interaction on beef liver is presented. The heat transfer and coagulation process was modeled using a non-linear finite-element model...

Tolat, Nimish Prabodh



On the effect of the steady-state approximation in time-space composite studies of mesoscale convective systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)


Mattison, Kevin Morgan



Our scenario is akin to the magnetic furnace model proposed by Axford and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Our scenario is akin to the magnetic furnace model proposed by Axford and McKenzie (14­16) and to ideas invoking reconnection of mesoscale loops (38, 39). We adopt from the furnace model the idea. However, our model of the nascent solar wind is intrinsically 3-D, and the magnetic field geometry

Pe'er, Dana


A two-dimensional finite difference model of the effects of erosion on the evolution of pore pressure within a moving thrust sheet  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

cw Kr Kva f/az ihrosi om Ri R2 Ht H2 Hs Standard Model Values 10 m 1 x 10 Pa Sx 10 Pa 2400 kg/m 1000 kg/m- 7 5 x 10 4 'C 1 0. 001 Pa s 850 J/kg 'C 4200 J/kg 'C 3 W/m 'C 0. 7 w/m 'C 0. 057 W/m- O. S cm/ r 4. 38 x 10-4 'C-1 3.../s) bulk thermal conductivity of the rock and fluid (W/m'C) drained hulk modulus (1/Pa-1) undrained bulk modulus (1/Pa 1) effective erosional diffusivity porosity total pore pressure (Pa) excess pore pressure (Pa) Darcy's velocity (ni/s) heat source...

Sales, James Gregory



The kinematic and cloud-to-ground lightning structure of the 9-10, June 1998 Red River Mesoscale Convective System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An investigation of the kinematic and electrical properties of the 9-10 June, 1998 Red River Mesoscale Convective System (MCS), as observed by the NOAA P3 Tail Radar and the National Lightning Detection Network, is presented. This system exhibits...

Santarpia, Joshua



Quantum Mechanics associated with a Finite Group  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

I describe, in the simplified context of finite groups and their representations, a mathematical model for a physical system that contains both its quantum and classical aspects. The physically observable system is associated with the space containing elements fxf for f an element in the regular representation of a given finite group G. The Hermitian portion of fxf is the Wigner distribution of f whose convolution with a test function leads to a mathematical description of the quantum measurement process. Starting with the Jacobi group that is formed from the semidirect product of the Heisenberg group with its automorphism group SL(2,F{N}) for N an odd prime number I show that the classical phase space is the first order term in a series of subspaces of the Hermitian portion of fxf that are stable under SL(2,F{N}). I define a derivative that is analogous to a pseudodifferential operator to enable a treatment that parallels the continuum case. I give a new derivation of the Schrodinger-Weil representation of the Jacobi group. Keywords: quantum mechanics, finite group, metaplectic. PACS: 03.65.Fd; 02.10.De; 03.65.Ta.

Robert W. Johnson



Solving multidimensional reactive flow problems with adaptive finite elements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

developments in the design and implementation of finite el- ement methods for the compressible Navier. Braack and T. Richter enthalpy, k its molar production rate, and Fk its mass diffusion flux not the most accurate diffusion model. For hydrogen flames, for instance, multicomponent diffusion models

Richter, Thomas


Finite Element Stent Design P. Mortier, M. De Beule, B. Verhegghe and P. Verdonck  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Drug-Eluting Stents (DES) was an enormous step forward in the treatment of narrowed arteries. Compared distribution. Numerical models (e.g. finite element models) provide a suitable tool to study and to improve stainless steel · Trifolded RAPTORTM balloon (nominal diameter 3 mm; Cordis) · Finite element code: ABAQUS

Gent, Universiteit


Model Wind over the Central and Southern California Coastal Ocean  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Recent studies have shown the importance of high-resolution wind in coastal ocean modeling. This paper tests the Coupled Ocean–Atmosphere Mesoscale Prediction System (COAMPS) at the 9-, 27-, and 81-km grid resolutions in simulating wind off the ...

Hsiao-ming Hsu; Lie-Yauw Oey; Walter Johnson; Clive Dorman; Richard Hodur



Finite element analysis of multilayer coextrusion.  

SciTech Connect

Multilayer coextrusion has become a popular commercial process for producing complex polymeric products from soda bottles to reflective coatings. A numerical model of a multilayer coextrusion process is developed based on a finite element discretization and two different free-surface methods, an arbitrary-Lagrangian-Eulerian (ALE) moving mesh implementation and an Eulerian level set method, to understand the moving boundary problem associated with the polymer-polymer interface. The goal of this work is to have a numerical capability suitable for optimizing and troubleshooting the coextrusion process, circumventing flow instabilities such as ribbing and barring, and reducing variability in layer thickness. Though these instabilities can be both viscous and elastic in nature, for this work a generalized Newtonian description of the fluid is used. Models of varying degrees of complexity are investigated including stability analysis and direct three-dimensional finite element free surface approaches. The results of this work show how critical modeling can be to reduce build test cycles, improve material choices, and guide mold design.

Hopkins, Matthew Morgan; Schunk, Peter Randall; Baer, Thomas A. (Proctor & Gamble Company, West Chester, OH); Mrozek, Randy A. (Army Research Laboratory, Adelphi, MD); Lenhart, Joseph Ludlow (Army Research Laboratory, Adelphi, MD); Rao, Rekha Ranjana; Collins, Robert (Oak Ridge National Laboratory); Mondy, Lisa Ann



Model Wind over the Central and Southern California Coastal Ocean HSIAO-MING HSU  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Model Wind over the Central and Southern California Coastal Ocean HSIAO-MING HSU National Center of high-resolution wind in coastal ocean modeling. This paper tests the Coupled Ocean­Atmosphere Mesoscale Prediction System (COAMPS) at the 9-, 27-, and 81-km grid resolutions in simulating wind off the central


Development of an Adjoint for a Complex Atmospheric Model, the ARPS, using TAF  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, such as operational weather predictions models, pose challenges on the applicability of AD tools. We report- ational weather prediction models are much more complex, and the problem sizes tend to be much larger as a system for mesoscale and storm-scale numerical weather prediction as well as a wide range of idealized

Gao, Jidong


Controllable Organization of Quantum Dots into Mesoscale Wires and Cables via Interfacial Block Copolymer Self-Assembly  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Controllable Organization of Quantum Dots into Mesoscale Wires and Cables via Interfacial Block Copolymer Self-Assembly ... Figure 2b,c shows higher magnification AFM images of interesting features within the branched cable network, including a typical branch point (b) and a QD/polymer ring incorporated into the cable (c). ... It was noted that several of the LB films containing ring/cable structures also contained small planar aggregates along the length of the cables where an elevated rim was present at the edge of a relatively flat surface, similar to a continent as described by Devereaux et al.26 It appears that these flat surfaces tend to rupture by formation of a single central hole in a secondary dewetting process, followed by the radial growth of the hole. ...

Robert B. Cheyne; Matthew G. Moffitt



Finite element simulation and parameter optimization of a flexible tactile pressure sensor array  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A finite element model was developed to optimize design of a flexible tactile sensor. The sensor consists of layers of thin-film copper and PDMS, and the model can be used to determine the effects on sensor sensitivity and ...

Lee, Shira M. (Shira Miriam)



Quantum Chemistry at Finite Temperature  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this article, we present emerging fields of quantum chemistry at finite temperature. We discuss its recent developments on both experimental and theoretical fronts. First, we describe several experimental investigations related to the temperature effects on the structures, electronic spectra, or bond rupture forces for molecules. These include the analysis of the temperature impact on the pathway shifts for the protein unfolding by atomic force microscopy (AFM), the temperature dependence of the absorption spectra of electrons in solvents, and the temperature influence over the intermolecular forces measured by the AFM. On the theoretical side, we review advancements made by the author in the coming fields of quantum chemistry at finite temperature. Starting from the Bloch equation, we have derived the sets of hierarchy equations for the reduced density operators in both canonical and grand canonical ensembles. They provide a law according to which the reduced density operators vary in temperature for the identical and interacting many-body systems. By taking the independent particle approximation, we have solved the equations in the case of a grand canonical ensemble, and obtained an energy eigenequation for the molecular orbitals at finite temperature. The explicit expression for the temperature-dependent Fock operator is also given. They form a mathematical foundation for the examination of the molecular electronic structures and their interplay with finite temperature. Moreover, we clarify the physics concerning the temperature effects on the electronic structures or processes of the molecules, which is crucial for both theoretical understanding and computation. Finally, ....

Liqiang Wei



Finite Quantum Measure Spaces Denise Schmitz  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Finite Quantum Measure Spaces Denise Schmitz 4 June 2012 Contents 1 Introduction 2 2 Preliminaries 2 2.1 Finite Measure Spaces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 2.2 Quantum Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 3 Quantum Measures 3 3.1 Grade-2 Additivity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3

Morrow, James A.


Wear 258 (2005) 17871793 Finite element analysis and experiments of metal/metal  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of this simulation. © 2004 Published by Elsevier B.V. Keywords: Wear modeling; Finite element analysis 1 Published by Elsevier B.V. doi:10.1016/j.wear.2004.12.014 #12;1788 N.H. Kim et al. / Wear 258 (2005) 1787Wear 258 (2005) 1787­1793 Finite element analysis and experiments of metal/metal wear

Sawyer, Wallace


CharacteristicGalerkin and Mixed Finite Element Approximation of Contamination by Compressible  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Characteristic­Galerkin and Mixed Finite Element Approximation of Contamination by Compressible­disposal contamination in porous media is modeled by a coupled system of partial differential equations for the brine, radionuclides, and heat and by a mixed finite element method for the pressure and velocity

Chou, So-Hsiang

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mesoscale modeling finite" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


A ThreeDimensional Finite Element Simulation for Transport of Nuclear Waste Contamination in Porous Media  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Three­Dimensional Finite Element Simulation for Transport of Nuclear Waste Contamination of South Carolina, Columbia, South Carolina ABSTRACT: Model equations for transport of nuclear­waste based up on the inherent physics. A three­dimensional finite element method for nuclear waste

Ewing, Richard E.



E-Print Network (OSTI)

LOCKING-FREE FINITE ELEMENT METHOD FOR A BENDING MOMENT FORMULATION OF TIMOSHENKO BEAMS FELIPE LEPE for Timo- shenko beams. It is known that standard finite elements applied to this model lead to wrong results when the thickness of the beam t is small. Here, we consider a mixed formulation in terms

Rodríguez, Rodolfo


Determination of fracture toughness of AZ31 Mg alloy using the cohesive finite element method  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Determination of fracture toughness of AZ31 Mg alloy using the cohesive finite element method X Received in revised form 21 June 2012 Accepted 11 August 2012 Keywords: Fracture toughness Cohesive finite is to develop a micromechanical approach for determining the fracture toughness. A phase-field model for grain

Chen, Long-Qing


Finite Element Analysis of TDR Cable-Grout-Soil Mass Interaction During Localized Shearing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Finite Element Analysis of TDR Cable-Grout-Soil Mass Interaction During Localized Shearing By J and laboratory measurement of Time Domain Reflectometry (TDR) cable-grout response to analyze the interaction between the cable, grout, and surrounding soil mass during localized shearing. Finite element (FE) model


Performance of a Stirling engine regenerator having finite mass  

SciTech Connect

The performance of a Stirling engine regenerator subjected to sinusoidal mass flow rate and pressure variation is analyzed. It is shown that cyclic variations in the temperature of the matrix due to its finite mass lead to an increase in the apparent regenerator effectiveness, but a decrease in engine power. Approximate closed-form expressions for both of these effects are deduced. The results of this analysis are compared with the predictions of a finite-element system model, and good agreement is found.

Jones, J.D.



Link invariants from finite racks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We define ambient isotopy invariants of oriented knots and links using the counting invariants of framed links defined by finite racks. These invariants reduce to the usual quandle counting invariant when the rack in question is a quandle. We are able to further enhance these counting invariants with 2-cocycles from the coloring rack's second rack cohomology satisfying a new degeneracy condition which reduces to the usual case for quandles.

Nelson, Sam



Dynamical Model Simulation of the Morning Boundary Layer Development in Deep Mountain Valleys  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A dry, two-dimensional version of the Colorado State University Multi-dimensional Cloud/Mesoscale Model was used to study the cross-valley evolution of the wind and temperature structures in an idealized east-west oriented mountain valley. Two ...

David C. Bader; Thomas B. Mckee



Finite temperature Casimir effect for graphene  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We adopt the Dirac model for quasiparticles in graphene and calculate the finite temperature Casimir interaction between a suspended graphene layer and a parallel conducting surface. We find that at high temperature the Casimir interaction in such system is just one half of that for two ideal conductors separated by the same distance. In this limit single graphene layer behaves exactly as a Drude metal. In particular, the contribution of the TE mode is suppressed, while one of the TM mode saturates the ideal metal value. Behaviour of the Casimir interaction for intermediate temperatures and separations accessible for an experiment is studied in some detail. We also find an interesting interplay between two fundamental constants of graphene physics: the fine structure constant and the Fermi velocity.

Ignat V. Fialkovsky; Valery N. Marachevsky; Dmitri V. Vassilevich



FEBRUARY 1999 119O ' C O N N O R E T A L . Forecast Verification for Eta Model Winds Using Lake Erie  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. The in- crease in computer power in recent years and advances in numerical mesoscale models of both ocean September 1998) ABSTRACT This article has two purposes. The first is to describe how the Great Lakes Coastal. This includes the numerical Princeton Ocean Model (POM), observed winds from surface meteorological stations


Finite element analysis of substation composite insulators  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Composite insulators are rapidly replacing their porcelain counterparts in electrical substation applications. These insulators consist of a glass-reinforced polymer (GRP) rod, with two metal end fittings radially crimped onto the ends of the rod during assembly. In this paper, axisymmetric finite element models are developed to evaluate the mechanical performance of composite insulators under externally applied axial compression. The analyses are performed by assuming both a perfectly bonded interface between the composite rod and the end fittings, and an imperfect interface which permits large relative sliding with Coulomb friction. Results indicate that the perfect interface model is unrealistic since it predicts singular stresses at the interface comer and an overall linear structural response. On the other hand, the imperfect interface model is found to simulate accurately the structural non-linearity caused by relative sliding of the GRP rod within the end fittings. The imperfect interface model has therefore been used to evaluate the effects of interface friction, and the extent of crimping, on the maximum load-bearing capacity of substation composite insulators.

A. Bansal; A. Schubert; M.V. Balakrishnan; M. Kumosa



Posters Surface Flux Intercomparison Between the MM5 Model  

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Posters Surface Flux Intercomparison Between the MM5 Model and Observations During the Storm-Scale Observations Regional Measurement Program-Fronts Experiment Systems Test 1992 J. Dudhia and S. P. Oncley Mesoscale and Microscale Meteorology Division Atmospheric Technology Division National Center for Atmospheric Research Boulder, Colorado Introduction Mesoscale model 5 (MM5) is being used as a data assimilation tool for the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program. There is a need to verify that the model physics is consistent with observations under a range of conditions. Surface fluxes of heat, moisture, and momentum are a particular area of uncertainty in the model owing to their dependence on surface properties, some of which are time-dependent. The National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR)


Probabilistic Verification of Global and Mesoscale Ensemble Forecasts of Tropical Cyclogenesis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Probabilistic forecasts of tropical cyclogenesis have been evaluated for two samples: a near-homogeneous sample of ECMWF and Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) Model–ensemble Kalman filter (EnKF) ensemble forecasts during the National Science ...

Sharanya J. Majumdar; Ryan D. Torn



A Mesoscale Analysis Method for Surface Potential Temperature in Mountainous and Coastal Terrain  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A technique is developed to anisotropically spread surface observations in steep valleys. The goal is to create an improved objective analysis for the lowest, terrain-following numerical weather prediction (NWP) model level in mountainous ...

Xingxiu Deng; Roland Stull



Temporal Changes in Wind as Objects for Evaluating Mesoscale Numerical Weather Prediction  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The study describes a method of evaluating numerical weather prediction models by comparing the characteristics of temporal changes in simulated and observed 10-m (AGL) winds. The method is demonstrated on a 1-yr collection of 1-day simulations ...

Daran L. Rife; Christopher A. Davis; Jason C. Knievel



Simulation of Fuel Oil System in Marine Engine Simulator Based on Finite Element Method  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper focuses on the simulation research to fuel oil system. Hydrodynamic analysis to fuel oil system pipelines network is done and the modeling method is using finite element theory. A relative accepted ...

Diyang Li; Yuan Jiang; Boyang Li



An h-Adaptive Finite-Element Technique for Constructing 3D Wind Fields  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An h-adaptive, mass-consistent finite-element model (FEM) has been developed for constructing 3D wind fields over irregular terrain utilizing sparse meteorological tower data. The element size in the computational domain is dynamically controlled ...

Darrell W. Pepper; Xiuling Wang



Experiences with the Application of the Non-Hydrostatic Mesoscale Model GESIMA for assessing Wind Potential in  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.physik.uni-oldenburg.de/ehf *GKSS Research Center Geesthacht, Max-Planck-StraÃ?e 1, D-21494 Geesthacht, Germany To asses wind has been developed at the GKSS Research Center in Geesthacht, Germany ([8]). It numerically solves

Heinemann, Detlev


Mesoscale Eddy Energy Locality in an Idealized Ocean Model IAN GROOMS, LOUIS-PHILIPPE NADEAU, AND K. SHAFER SMITH  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. SHAFER SMITH Center for Atmosphere Ocean Science, Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences, New York

Smith, K. Shafer



E-Print Network (OSTI)

constraints Methodological approach Better understand the local distribution of gullies and glaciers; Blowing snow = snow coming from other areas and brought by winds. Ice sublimation: · High surface temperature, low relative humidity in the lower atmosphere, high wind strength; · High wind erosion. Figure 1

Madeleine, Jean-Baptiste



E-Print Network (OSTI)

(kite@berkeley.edu), 2 Department of Space Studies, Southwest Research Institute, Boulder, Colorado associated with chaos terrain formation may mobilize sand and perhaps gravel, but not boulders. Model, momentum and moisture are parameter- ized using a Monin-Obukhov scheme. Boundary conditions: We flooded

Kite, Edwin

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mesoscale modeling finite" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
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to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


Mesoscale Processes Contributing to Extreme Rainfall in a Midlatitude Warm-Season Flash  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for this event. However, convection-permitting simulations using the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model system that was conducive to extreme local rainfall amounts. Idealized simulations of convection and that the vertical wind pro- file featuring a strong reversal of the wind shear with height is responsible for 1 #12

Johnson, Richard H.


Multiplex modeling of physical habitat for endangered freshwater mussels  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Quantification of the potential habitat available for endangered freshwater mussels can be a challenging task, as habitat use criteria are very complex and often only low numbers of species observations are available. To address this problem in a riverine environment, we developed a concept of a multivariate, multi-scale, and multi-model (multiplex) habitat simulation through combining multivariate time-series analysis of complex hydraulics (CART and logistic regression), micro-scale (River2D), and meso-scale (MesoHABSIM) habitat models, to develop macro-scale management criteria. This concept has been applied and tested on the Upper Delaware River (USA) for the protection and enhancement of existing populations of Alasmidonta heterodon, an endangered freshwater mussel. The physical habitat conditions of approximately 125 km of the Delaware River were described using digital aerial imagery and ground-based surveys. The temporal and spatial variabilities of complex hydraulics simulated by a River2D model at 1547 locations were statistically analyzed to select ranges of attributes that corresponded to mussel presence. We applied these criteria to the river's meso-scale hydromorphological unit mappings to identify suitable mesohabitats, which then served as a calibration data set for the coarser scale model. The final meso-scale model's predictions were hydraulically validated offering encouraging results. The meso-scale habitat suitability criteria defined moderately deep, slow-flowing, and non-turbulent hydromorphologic units as providing good conditions for A. heterodon. All three of the developed suitability models (descriptive statistics, CART and logistic regression model) indicated the species preference for hydraulically stable habitats.

Piotr Parasiewicz; Elena Castelli; Joseph N. Rogers; Ethan Plunkett



North Pacific Mesoscale Coupled Air-Ocean Simulations Compared with Observations  

SciTech Connect

Executive summary The main objective of the study was to investigate atmospheric and ocean interaction processes in the western Pacific and, in particular, effects of significant ocean heat loss in the Kuroshio and Kuroshio Extension regions on the lower and upper atmosphere. It is yet to be determined how significant are these processes are on climate scales. The understanding of these processes led us also to development of the methodology of coupling the Weather and Research Forecasting model with the Parallel Ocean Program model for western Pacific regional weather and climate simulations. We tested NCAR-developed research software Coupler 7 for coupling of the WRF and POP models and assessed its usability for regional-scale applications. We completed test simulations using the Coupler 7 framework, but implemented a standard WRF model code with options for both one- and two-way mode coupling. This type of coupling will allow us to seamlessly incorporate new WRF updates and versions in the future. We also performed a long-term WRF simulation (15 years) covering the entire North Pacific as well as high-resolution simulations of a case study which included extreme ocean heat losses in the Kuroshio and Kuroshio Extension regions. Since the extreme ocean heat loss occurs during winter cold air outbreaks (CAO), we simulated and analyzed a case study of a severe CAO event in January 2000 in detail. We found that the ocean heat loss induced by CAOs is amplified by additional advection from mesocyclones forming on the southern part of the Japan Sea. Large scale synoptic patterns with anomalously strong anticyclone over Siberia and Mongolia, deep Aleutian Low, and the Pacific subtropical ridge are a crucial setup for the CAO. It was found that the onset of the CAO is related to the breaking of atmospheric Rossby waves and vertical transport of vorticity that facilitates meridional advection. The study also indicates that intrinsic parameterization of the surface fluxes within the WRF model needs more evaluation and analysis.

Koracin, Darko; Cerovecki, Ivana; Vellore, Ramesh; Mejia, John; Hatchett, Benjamin; McCord, Travis; McLean, Julie; Dorman, Clive



Guaranteed Verification of Finite Element Solutions of Heat Conduction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 1.2 Research goals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 1.3 Outline of the dissertation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 II A POSTERIORI ERROR ESTIMATION OF A THERMAL BATTERY PROBLEM WITH HIGH ORTHOTROPY . . . . . 5 2....1 Thermal battery problem and its finite element solution . . 5 2.2 Upper and lower bounds based on residual estimators . . . 12 III ILLUSTRATION OF THE MAIN DIFFICULTY . . . . . . . . 31 3.1 Model problem with boundary layer . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31...

Wang, Delin



Magnetic moments of octet baryons at finite density and temperature  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate the change of magnetic moments of octet baryons in nuclear matter at a finite density and temperature. Quark-meson coupling models are employed in describing properties of octet baryons and their interactions. Magnetic moments of octet baryons are found to increase non-negligibly as density and temperature increase, and we find that temperature dependence can be strongly correlated with the quark-hadron phase transition. Model dependence is also examined by comparing the results from the quark-meson coupling (QMC) model to those by the modified QMC (MQMC) model where the bag constant is assumed to depend on density. Both models predict sizable dependence on density and temperature, but the MQMC model shows a more drastic change of magnetic moments. Feasible changes of the nucleon mass by strong magnetic fields are also reported in the given models.

C. Y. Ryu; C. H. Hyun; M. -K. Cheoun




E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mar 3, 1999 ... In this paper, we consider solving a class of two-dimensional, second order, el- liptic boundary ... a standard finite element or finite difference method is used to solve the equations, the degrees of ..... terfaces. The result depends on the geometry of the jump interfaces. ...... a measure of the relative error.




E-Print Network (OSTI)

-case impacts of power plant plumes on U.S. National Park lands in south Florida is presented based that synoptic baroclinicity, mesoscale thermal circulations, and boundary-layer turbulence can separately of the polluted air. Both a mathematical description and examples of numerical model simulations are used

Pielke, Roger A.


Evaluation of slug tests in wells containing a finite-thickness skin  

SciTech Connect

The effects of a finite-thickness skin (low-permeability zone surrounding the well bore face) on the response of slug tests is investigated by using a numerical model and a simple analytical solution. The results show that, for skins of finite thicknesses, estimates of hydraulic conductivity provided by slug tests can be more representative of the skin than of the surrounding formation. When a finite-thickness skin is present, the slug test response is shifted along the horizontal axis, making estimates of hydraulic conductivity unreliable. This result is different from that obtained by using an analytical solution for a skin of infinitesimal thickness.

Faust, C.R.; Mercer, J.W.



Mesoscale Simulations of Particulate Flows with Parallel Distributed Lagrange Multiplier Technique  

SciTech Connect

Fluid particulate flows are common phenomena in nature and industry. Modeling of such flows at micro and macro levels as well establishing relationships between these approaches are needed to understand properties of the particulate matter. We propose a computational technique based on the direct numerical simulation of the particulate flows. The numerical method is based on the distributed Lagrange multiplier technique following the ideas of Glowinski et al. (1999). Each particle is explicitly resolved on an Eulerian grid as a separate domain, using solid volume fractions. The fluid equations are solved through the entire computational domain, however, Lagrange multiplier constrains are applied inside the particle domain such that the fluid within any volume associated with a solid particle moves as an incompressible rigid body. Mutual forces for the fluid-particle interactions are internal to the system. Particles interact with the fluid via fluid dynamic equations, resulting in implicit fluid-rigid-body coupling relations that produce realistic fluid flow around the particles (i.e., no-slip boundary conditions). The particle-particle interactions are implemented using explicit force-displacement interactions for frictional inelastic particles similar to the DEM method of Cundall et al. (1979) with some modifications using a volume of an overlapping region as an input to the contact forces. The method is flexible enough to handle arbitrary particle shapes and size distributions. A parallel implementation of the method is based on the SAMRAI (Structured Adaptive Mesh Refinement Application Infrastructure) library, which allows handling of large amounts of rigid particles and enables local grid refinement. Accuracy and convergence of the presented method has been tested against known solutions for a falling sphere as well as by examining fluid flows through stationary particle beds (periodic and cubic packing). To evaluate code performance and validate particle contact physics algorithm, we performed simulations of a representative experiment conducted at the University of California at Berkley for pebble flow through a narrow opening.

Kanarska, Y



A convergent 2D finite-difference scheme for the Dirac-Poisson system and the simulation of graphene  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present a convergent finite-difference scheme of second order in both space and time for the 2D electromagnetic Dirac equation. We apply this method in the self-consistent Dirac-Poisson system to the simulation of graphene. The model is justified ... Keywords: Beam splitter, Dirac equation, Dirac-Poisson system, Finite differences, Graphene, Veselago lens

D. Brinkman; C. Heitzinger; P. A. Markowich



Introduction to finite-difference methods for numerical fluid dynamics  

SciTech Connect

This work is intended to be a beginner`s exercise book for the study of basic finite-difference techniques in computational fluid dynamics. It is written for a student level ranging from high-school senior to university senior. Equations are derived from basic principles using algebra. Some discussion of partial-differential equations is included, but knowledge of calculus is not essential. The student is expected, however, to have some familiarity with the FORTRAN computer language, as the syntax of the computer codes themselves is not discussed. Topics examined in this work include: one-dimensional heat flow, one-dimensional compressible fluid flow, two-dimensional compressible fluid flow, and two-dimensional incompressible fluid flow with additions of the equations of heat flow and the {Kappa}-{epsilon} model for turbulence transport. Emphasis is placed on numerical instabilities and methods by which they can be avoided, techniques that can be used to evaluate the accuracy of finite-difference approximations, and the writing of the finite-difference codes themselves. Concepts introduced in this work include: flux and conservation, implicit and explicit methods, Lagrangian and Eulerian methods, shocks and rarefactions, donor-cell and cell-centered advective fluxes, compressible and incompressible fluids, the Boussinesq approximation for heat flow, Cartesian tensor notation, the Boussinesq approximation for the Reynolds stress tensor, and the modeling of transport equations. A glossary is provided which defines these and other terms.

Scannapieco, E.; Harlow, F.H.



Ultraviolet extrapolations in finite oscillator bases  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The use of finite harmonic oscillator spaces in many-body calculations introduces both infrared (IR) and ultraviolet (UV) errors. The IR effects are well approximated by imposing a hard-wall boundary condition at a properly identified radius L_eff. We show that duality of the oscillator implies that the UV effects are equally well described by imposing a sharp momentum cutoff at a momentum Lambda_eff complementary to L_eff. By considering two-body systems with separable potentials, we show that the UV energy corrections depend on details of the potential, in contrast to the IR energy corrections, which depend only on the S-matrix. An adaptation of the separable treatment to more general interactions is developed and applied to model potentials as well as to the deuteron with realistic potentials. The previous success with a simple phenomenological form for the UV error is also explained. Possibilities for controlled extrapolations for A > 2 based on scaling arguments are discussed.

S. König; S. K. Bogner; R. J. Furnstahl; S. N. More; T. Papenbrock



Summing Finite Series?A Hybrid Approach  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Finite Series-A Hybrid Approach OLIVER ANDERSON AFIMA Department of Management Science, Pennsylvania State...Series--A Hybrid Approach OLIVER ANDERSON, AFIMA Department of Management Science, Pennsylvania State......




Modelling agricultural ammonia emissions: impact on particulate matter Hamaoui-Laguel L.1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

: air/soil temperature, air/soil humidity, wind speed and rainfall are provided to Volt'Air by the outputs of the meteorological mesoscale model WRF (Weather Research and Forecasting; http://www.wrf- model://www.orleans.inra.fr/les_unites/us_infosol) are available at local scale and have been interpolated on the chosen grid scale (0.15° X 0.10°). Data about

Paris-Sud XI, Université de


3-D Finite Element Analyses of the Egan Cavern Field  

SciTech Connect

Three-dimensional finite element analyses were performed for the two gas-filled storage caverns at the Egan field, Jennings dome, Louisiana. The effects of cavern enlargement on surface subsidence, storage loss, and cavern stability were investigated. The finite element model simulated the leaching of caverns to 6 and 8 billion cubic feet (BCF) and examined their performance at various operating conditions. Operating pressures varied from 0.15 psi/ft to 0.9 psi/ft at the bottom of the lowest cemented casing. The analysis also examined the stability of the web or pillar of salt between the caverns under differential pressure loadings. The 50-year simulations were performed using JAC3D, a three dimensional finite element analysis code for nonlinear quasistatic solids. A damage criterion based on onset of dilatancy was used to evaluate cavern instability. Dilation results from the development of microfractures in salt and, hence, potential increases in permeability onset occurs well before large scale failure. The analyses predicted stable caverns throughout the 50-year period for the range of pressures investigated. Some localized salt damage was predicted near the bottom walls of the caverns if the caverns are operated at minimum pressure for long periods of time. Volumetric cavern closures over time due to creep were moderate to excessive depending on the salt creep properties and operating pressures. However, subsidence above the cavern field was small and should pose no problem, to surface facilities.

Klamerus, E.W.; Ehgartner, B.L.



B-spline finite elements for plane elasticity problems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. The k-refinement is reported to be much more efficient and robust than the standard h or p- refinement used in the conventional FEM models. Besides the use of B-spline functions for structural problems, they have been used in some other fields as well... and convergence behavior. The paper reports a reduction in the numerical cost using B-spline FEM. The use of the B-spline finite element method for the thermistor problem [29,30] and for a numerical solution of Burger?s equation[31- 33] has been successfully...

Aggarwal, Bhavya



Hybrid Lattice Boltzmann/Finite Difference simulations of viscoelastic multicomponent flows in confined geometries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose numerical simulations of viscoelastic fluids based on a hybrid algorithm combining Lattice-Boltzmann models (LBM) and Finite Differences (FD) schemes, the former used to model the macroscopic hydrodynamic equations, and the latter used to model the polymer dynamics. The kinetics of the polymers is introduced using constitutive equations for viscoelastic fluids with finitely extensible non-linear elastic dumbbells with Peterlin's closure (FENE-P). The numerical model is first benchmarked by characterizing the rheological behaviour of dilute homogeneous solutions in various configurations, including steady shear, elongational flows, transient shear and oscillatory flows. As an upgrade of complexity, we study the model in presence of non-ideal multicomponent interfaces, where immiscibility is introduced in the LBM description using the "Shan-Chen" model. The problem of a confined viscoelastic (Newtonian) droplet in a Newtonian (viscoelastic) matrix under simple shear is investigated and numerical resu...

Gupta, A; Scagliarini, A



Accelerated finite element elastodynamic simulations using the GPU  

SciTech Connect

An approach is developed to perform explicit time domain finite element simulations of elastodynamic problems on the graphical processing unit, using Nvidia's CUDA. Of critical importance for this problem is the arrangement of nodes in memory, allowing data to be loaded efficiently and minimising communication between the independently executed blocks of threads. The initial stage of memory arrangement is partitioning the mesh; both a well established ‘greedy’ partitioner and a new, more efficient ‘aligned’ partitioner are investigated. A method is then developed to efficiently arrange the memory within each partition. The software is applied to three models from the fields of non-destructive testing, vibrations and geophysics, demonstrating a memory bandwidth of very close to the card's maximum, reflecting the bandwidth-limited nature of the algorithm. Comparison with Abaqus, a widely used commercial CPU equivalent, validated the accuracy of the results and demonstrated a speed improvement of around two orders of magnitude. A software package, Pogo, incorporating these developments, is released open source, downloadable from (http://www.pogo-fea.com/) to benefit the community. -- Highlights: •A novel memory arrangement approach is discussed for finite elements on the GPU. •The mesh is partitioned then nodes are arranged efficiently within each partition. •Models from ultrasonics, vibrations and geophysics are run. •The code is significantly faster than an equivalent commercial CPU package. •Pogo, the new software package, is released open source.

Huthwaite, Peter, E-mail: p.huthwaite@imperial.ac.uk



Finite-time thermodynamic analysis of the Stirling engine  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents a finite-time thermodynamic analysis of the Stirling engine cycle. A lumped-parameter thermodynamic model is used to describe the dynamic behavior of the Stirling engine. The mathematical formulation of this model is based on mass and energy balances with associated heat transfer rate equations. These governing equations are formulated into a set of ordinary differential equations, which are then solved numerically to obtain the dynamic behavior of the Stirling engine. Close inspection of the governing equations reveals that the time to complete on cycle, {tau} and the engine time constant, {tau}{sub c} always appear together in a dimensionless ratio. This ratio, {tau}/{tau}{sub c}, is defined here as the Finite-Time Parameter, FTP. The effects of FTP upon power output and efficiency, are studied. The results show that there exists an optimum power output for a given engine design, based on engine speed and heat-transfer contact time. The results also provide an engineering evaluation procedure to improve the efficiency and power output of Stirling engines.

Ibrahim, O.M. [Univ. of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI (United States). Mechanical Engineering Dept.; Ladas, H.G. [Environmental Engineering Corp., North Kingstown, RI (United States)


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they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
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Complex saddle points in QCD at finite temperature and density  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The sign problem in QCD at finite temperature and density leads naturally to the consideration of complex saddle points of the action or effective action. The global symmetry $\\mathcal{CK}$ of the finite-density action, where $\\mathcal{C}$ is charge conjugation and $\\mathcal{K}$ is complex conjugation, constrains the eigenvalues of the Polyakov loop operator $P$ at a saddle point in such a way that the action is real at a saddle point, and net color charge is zero. The values of $Tr_{F}P$ and $Tr_{F}P^{\\dagger}$ at the saddle point, are real but not identical, indicating the different free energy cost associated with inserting a heavy quark versus an antiquark into the system. At such complex saddle points, the mass matrix associated with Polyakov loops may have complex eigenvalues, reflecting oscillatory behavior in color-charge densities. We illustrate these properties with a simple model which includes the one-loop contribution of gluons and massless quarks moving in a constant Polyakov loop background. Confinement-deconfinement effects are modeled phenomenologically via an added potential term depending on the Polyakov loop eigenvalues. For sufficiently large $T$ and $\\mu$, the results obtained reduce to those of perturbation theory at the complex saddle point. These results may be experimentally relevant for the CBM experiment at FAIR.

Hiromichi Nishimura; Michael C. Ogilvie; Kamal Pangeni




E-Print Network (OSTI)

three independent components (oil, gas, and water) form the three phases (liquid, vapor, and aqua. The two chemical components, oil and gas, represent ideal mean hydrocarbons. At standard pressure and temperature (``stock­tank'' conditions or STC), the ``oil'' hydrocarbon will be present in the liquid phase

Bergamaschi, Luca


Comparasion of finite difference and finite element hydrodynamic models applied to the Laguna Madre Estuary, Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Station. Calibrated Velocity at the Humble Channd Station. . Calibrated Vdocity at the GIWW at JFK Causeway Station . . Calibrated Velocity at the GIWW Marker 199 Station. Calibrated Velocity at the North of Bagm Bay Station. Calibrated Velocity... Station. . . . . . . . . . Comparison of Velocity at the Humble Channel Station . Page 63 63 67 67 67 68 68 71 71 71 72 72 72 73 73 74 79 80 82 82 82 83 83 &3 LIST OF FIGURES - continued 61 62 63 65 66 67 68 Comparison...

McArthur, Karl Edward



Cavity Field Reconstruction at Finite Temperature  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a scheme to reconstruct the quantum state of a field preparedinside a lossy cavity at finite temperature. Quantum coherences are normallydestroyed by the interaction with an environment, but we show that it ispossible to recover complete information about the initial state (beforeinteraction with its environment), making possible to reconstruct any$s$-parametrized quasiprobability distribution, in particular, the Wignerfunction.

Moya-Cessa, H; Tombesi, P; Roversi, J A



Magnetic bottles on geometrically finite hyperbolic surfaces  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider a magnetic Laplacian on a geometrically finite hyperbolic surface, when the corresponding magnetic field is infinite at the boundary at infinity. We prove that the counting function of the eigenvalues has a particular asymptotic behaviour when the surface has an infinite area.

Morame, Abderemane



Magnetic bottles on geometrically finite hyperbolic surfaces  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider a magnetic Laplacian on a geometrically finite hyperbolic surface, when the corresponding magnetic field is infinite at the boundary at infinity. We prove that the counting function of the eigenvalues has a particular asymptotic behaviour when the surface has an infinite area.

Abderemane Morame; Francoise Truc



Climbing elements in finite coxeter groups  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We define the notion of a climbing element in a finite real reflection group relative to a total order on the reflection set and we characterise these elements in the case where the total order arises from a bipartite Coxeter element.

Brady, Thomas; Watt, And Colum



Resonant invisibility with finite range interacting fermions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the eigenstates of two opposite spin fermions on a one-dimensional lattice with finite range interaction. The eigenstates are projected onto the set of Fock eigenstates of the noninteracting case. We find antiresonances for symmetric eigenstates, which eliminate the interaction between two symmetric Fock states when satisfying a corresponding selection rule.

Jean-Pierre Nguenang; Sergej Flach; Ramaz Khomeriki



Finite volume renormalization scheme for fermionic operators  

SciTech Connect

We propose a new finite volume renormalization scheme. Our scheme is based on the Gradient Flow applied to both fermion and gauge fields and, much like the Schr\\"odinger functional method, allows for a nonperturbative determination of the scale dependence of operators using a step-scaling approach. We give some preliminary results for the pseudo-scalar density in the quenched approximation.

Monahan, Christopher; Orginos, Kostas [JLAB



Finitely presented groups 4 Max Neunhffer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

under rotation and inversion and all r R are reduced. Max Neunhöffer (University of St Andrews.e.: pa, pb R for a, b ^X with a = b. Max Neunhöffer (University of St Andrews) Finitely presented is a piece, we have |p| r|. (|r| is the length in letters). Max Neunhöffer (University of St Andrews

Neunhöffer, Max


Transient finite element analysis of electric double layer using Nernst-Planck-Poisson equations with a modified stern layer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Finite element analysis of electric double layer capacitors using a transient nonlinear Nernst-Planck-Poisson (NPP) model and Nernst-Planck-Poisson-modified Stern layer (NPPMS) model are presented in 1D and 2D. The NPP model provided unrealistic ion...

Lim, Jong Il



Critical role for mesoscale eddy diffusion in supplying oxygen to hypoxic ocean waters1 Anand Gnanadesikan*3  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

by the current generation of Earth System Models. Using satellite-based22 estimate of oxygen consumption 1000 m2 /s. Varying Aredi across a suite24 of Earth System Models yields a broadly consistent result with about 1/3 of these waters39 dropping below 10 M (solid black line, Fig. 1c,d).40 The Earth System Models

Gnanadesikan, Anand


The Uranium Processing Facility Finite Element Meshing Discussion  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Uranium Processing Facility (UPF) Uranium Processing Facility (UPF) Finite Element Meshing Discussion ...Need picture of Building... October 25, 2011 Department of Energy - Natural Phenomenon Hazard Workshop 1 Loring Wyllie Arne Halterman Degenkolb Engineers, San Francisco Purpose of Presentation * Design vs. Analysis * Discuss the mesh criteria * Discuss the evolution of the mesh of the UPF main building model * Discuss how the mesh affects the analysis process October 25, 2011 2 Department of Energy - Natural Phenomenon Hazard Workshop FEM Modeling * GTStrudl typically used for DOE projects. * Mesh size is important * What is to be captured? * How complex is the system? * Current criteria set to capture in-plane and out-of-plane response. October 25, 2011 3


Study of spin polarized nuclear matter and finite nuclei with finite range simple effective interaction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The properties of spin polarized pure neutron matter and symmetric nuclear matter are studied using the finite range simple effective interaction, upon its parametrization revisited. Out of the total twelve parameters involved, we now determine ten of them from nuclear matter, against the nine parameters in our earlier calculation, as required in order to have predictions in both spin polarized nuclear matter and finite nuclei in unique manner being free from uncertainty found using the earlier parametrization. The information on the effective mass splitting in polarized neutron matter of the microscopic calculations is used to constrain the one more parameter, that was earlier determined from finite nucleus, and in doing so the quality of the description of finite nuclei is not compromised. The interaction with the new set of parameters is used to study the possibilities of ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic transitions in completely polarized symmetric nuclear matter. Emphasis is given to analyze the resul...

Behera, B; Routray, T R; Centelles, M



Combining CSP and ObjectZ: Finite or Infinite Trace Semantics?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Combining CSP and Object­Z: Finite or Infinite Trace Semantics? Clemens Fischer Universit semantics as a means of com­ bining CSP with Object­Z. The purpose of this combination is to more effectively specify complex, concurrent systems: while CSP is ideal for modelling systems of concurrent

Olderog, Ernst-Rüdiger


PHYSICAL REVIEW B 83, 075104 (2011) Spatiotemporal evolution of polaronic states in finite quantum systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545, USA (Received 11 August 2010; revised manuscript received 17 and polaron transport through finite quantum structures in the framework of the one-dimensional Holstein model a quantum wall or dot is generally accompanied by strong phonon number fluctuations due to phonon emission

Fehske, Holger



E-Print Network (OSTI)

FINITE VOLUME SOLUTION OF BOUSSINESQ-TYPE EQUATIONS ON AN UNSTRUCTURED GRID Walid El Asmar1 and Okey Nwogu1 A new numerical method is developed to solve a set of two-dimensional Boussinesq water wave with a vertical circular cylinder. 1. INTRODUCTION Numerical models that solve Boussinesq-type water wave

US Army Corps of Engineers


Protoneutron stars in the Brueckner-Hartree-Fock approach and finite-temperature kaon condensation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the properties of hot neutrino-trapped beta-stable stellar matter using an equation of state of nuclear matter within the Brueckner-Hartree-Fock approach including three-body forces, combined with a standard chiral model for kaon condensation at finite temperature. The properties of (proto)neutron stars are then investigated within this framework.

Li, A; Burgio, G F; Schulze, H -J



A Two Level Finite Difference Scheme for One Dimensional Pennes' Bioheat Equation \\Lambda  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

by exposing human body to heat in a flash fire or being in contact with hot substances are some of the most for a skin heating model are conducted. Key words: bioheat transfer, Pennes' equation, finite difference.S. Department of Energy Office of Science under grant DE­FG02­02ER45961, by the Japanese Research Organization

Zhang, Jun


A 2D/3D Discrete Duality Finite Volume Scheme. Application to ECG simulation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A 2D/3D Discrete Duality Finite Volume Scheme. Application to ECG simulation Y. Coudi`ere Universit-10Oct2008 #12;A 2D/3D DDFV scheme for ECG simulation 1 Introduction Computer models of the electrical-known electrocardiogram (ECG). It gives a non-invasive representation of the cardiac electrical function. Un- derstanding

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mesoscale modeling finite" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


A 2D/3D Discrete Duality Finite Volume Scheme. Application to ECG simulation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A 2D/3D Discrete Duality Finite Volume Scheme. Application to ECG simulation Y. Coudi`ere Universit for ECG simulation 1 Introduction Computer models of the electrical activity in the myocardium, the measurement of which on the body surface is the well-known electrocardiogram (ECG). It gives a non

Coudière, Yves


Radial convection of finite ion temperature, high amplitude plasma blobs  

SciTech Connect

We present results from simulations of seeded blob convection in the scrape-off-layer of magnetically confined fusion plasmas. We consistently incorporate high fluctuation amplitude levels and finite Larmor radius (FLR) effects using a fully nonlinear global gyrofluid model. This is in line with conditions found in tokamak scrape-off-layers (SOL) regions. Varying the ion temperature, the initial blob width, and the initial amplitude, we found an FLR dominated regime where the blob behavior is significantly different from what is predicted by cold-ion models. The transition to this regime is very well described by the ratio of the ion gyroradius to the characteristic gradient scale length of the blob. We compare the global gyrofluid model with a partly linearized local model. For low ion temperatures, we find that simulations of the global model show more coherent blobs with an increased cross-field transport compared to blobs simulated with the local model. The maximal blob amplitude is significantly higher in the global simulations than in the local ones. When the ion temperature is comparable to the electron temperature, global blob simulations show a reduced blob coherence and a decreased cross-field transport in comparison with local blob simulations.

Wiesenberger, M., E-mail: Matthias.Wiesenberger@uibk.ac.at; Kendl, A. [Institute for Ion Physics and Applied Physics, Association EURATOM-ÖAW, University of Innsbruck, A-6020 Innsbruck (Austria); Madsen, J. [Association EURATOM-DTU, Department of Physics, Technical University of Denmark, 2800 Kgs. Lyngby (Denmark)



Complete Embedded Minimal Surfaces of Finite Total David Hoffman  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Complete Embedded Minimal Surfaces of Finite Total Curvature David Hoffman Department-5300 Bonn, Germany July 18, 1994 Contents 1 Introduction 2 2 Basic theory and the global Weierstrass representation 4 2.1 Finite total curvature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 2


Rational Wachspress-type Finite Elements on Regular Hexagons  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Finite Elements on Regular Hexagons J. L. GOUT Departement de Mathematiques, Universite...Finite Elements on Regular Hexagons J. L. GOUT Departement de Mathematiques, Universite...1975) (see also Apprato, Arcangeli & Gout, 1979a, b; Gout, 1979, 1980a, b......



GEO+, a finite element program on a personal computer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The following study is the first step toward implementation of a complete finite element analysis package on a personal computer for geotechnical engineering problems. A complete finite element analysis has been written in the C/C++ language...

Guillin, Clement Gerard



Duality in spaces of finite linear combinations of atoms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Duality in spaces of finite linear combinations of atoms Fulvio Ricci and Joan Verdera Abstract In this note we describe the dual and the completion of the space of finite linear combinations of (p, )-atoms, )-atoms, 0

Ricci, Fulvio


Analysis of 11 june 2003 mesoscale convective vortex genesis using weather surveillance radar ??88 doppler (wsr-88d)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, radar, and surface analysis of the synoptic environment valid at 0000 UTC 11 June 2003????????? 17 1.11. 850 mb WRF 10 km resolution forecast model for 0000 UTC 11 June 2003..??????????????????????.. 18 ix FIGURE... Page 1.12. Surface to 3km wind shear WRF 10 km resolution forecast model for 0000 UTC 11 June 2003???????????????? 19 1.13. 500 mb WRF 10 km resolution forecast model for 0000 UTC 11 June 2003??????????????????????? 20 1.14. 0000 UTC 11...

Reynolds, Amber Elizabeth



Casimir friction at zero and finite temperatures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Casimir friction problem for dielectric plates that move parallel to each other is treated by assuming one of the plates to be at rest. The other performs a closed loop motion in the longitudinal direction. Therewith by use of energy dissipation the formalism becomes more manageable and transparent than in the conventional setting where uniform sliding motion is assumed from $t=-\\infty$ to $t=+\\infty$. One avoids separating off a reversible interparticle force (independent of friction) from the total force. Moreover, the cases of temperatures $T=0$ and finite $T$ are treated on the same footing. For metal plates we find the friction force to be proportional to $v^3$ at $T=0$ while at finite $T$ it is proportional to $v$ for small $v$ as found earlier. Comparisons with earlier results of Pendry (1997, 2010) and Barton (2011) are made.

Johan S. Høye; Iver Brevik




E-Print Network (OSTI)

EQUIVALENCES BETWEEN FUSION SYSTEMS OF FINITE GROUPS OF LIE TYPE CARLES BROTO, JESPER M. MÃ?LLER, AND BOB OLIVER Abstract. We prove, for certain pairs G, G of finite groups of Lie type, that the p-fusion of fusion systems of finite groups of Lie type are isotypically equivalent. Our main result is the following

Paris-Sud XI, Université de



E-Print Network (OSTI)

FINITE-FUEL SINGULAR CONTROL WITH DISCRETIONARY STOPPING IOANNIS KARATZAS DepartmentsG40; Secondary 60J65. Key Words: Singular stochastic control, optimal stopping, finite-fuel We discuss the finite-fuel, singular stochastic control problem of optimally tracking the standard

Wang, Hui


Solving the ANTS Problem with Asynchronous Finite State Machines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Solving the ANTS Problem with Asynchronous Finite State Machines Yuval Emek1 , Tobias Langner2 such that each agent is controlled by an asynchronous (randomized) finite state machine: they possess a constant actions are controlled by a randomized finite state machine (FSM) operating in an asynchronous en


Efficient finite-time measurements under thermal regimes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Contrary to conventional quantum mechanics, which treats measurement as instantaneous, here we explore a model for finite-time measurement. The main two-level system interacts with the measurement apparatus in a Markovian way described by the Lindblad equation, and with an environment, which does not include the measuring apparatus. To analyse the environmental effects on the final density operator, we use the Redfield approach, allowing us to consider a non-Markovian noise. In the present hybrid theory, to trace out the environmental degrees of freedom, we use a previously-developed analytic method based on superoperator algebra and Nakajima-Zwanzig superoperators. Here, we analyse two types of system-environment interaction, phase and amplitude damping, which allows us to conclude that, in general, a finite-time quantum measurement performed during a certain period is more efficient than an instantaneous measurement performed at the end of it, because the rate of change of the populations is attenuated by the system-measurement apparatus interaction.

Carlos Alexandre Brasil; Leonardo Andreta de Castro; Reginaldo de Jesus Napolitano



A Generalized Finite Source Calibration Factor: A Natural Improvement to the Finite Source Correction Factor for Uranium Holdup Measurements  

SciTech Connect

This paper proposes refinements to the finite source correction factor used in holdup measurements. Specifically it focuses on a more general method to estimate the average detector response for a finite source. This proposed method for the average detector response is based directly on the Generalized Geometry Holdup (GGH) assay method. First, the finite source correction factor as originally proposed is reviewed in this paper. Following this review the GGH assay method is described. Lastly, a new finite area calibration factor based on GGH is then proposed for finite point and line sources. As an alternative to the direct use of the finite arca calibration factor, finite source correction factors are also derived from this calibration factor. This new correction factor can be used in a manner similar to the finite source correction factor as currently implemented.

Gunn, C.A.; Oberer, R.B.; chiang, L.G.; Ceo, R.N.



Quadrilateral/hexahedral finite element mesh coarsening  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A technique for coarsening a finite element mesh ("FEM") is described. This technique includes identifying a coarsening region within the FEM to be coarsened. Perimeter chords running along perimeter boundaries of the coarsening region are identified. The perimeter chords are redirected to create an adaptive chord separating the coarsening region from a remainder of the FEM. The adaptive chord runs through mesh elements residing along the perimeter boundaries of the coarsening region. The adaptive chord is then extracted to coarsen the FEM.

Staten, Matthew L; Dewey, Mark W; Scott, Michael A; Benzley, Steven E



1 Finite Groups 1.1 Generalities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Finite Groups 1.1 Generalities Let V be a vector space over C , and let GL(V ) denote the group that (#26;; V ) is indecomposable is there is no expression V = W 1 #8;W 2 such that #26;(g)(W i ) #18; W i (#26; #3; ; V #3; ) de#12;ned as #26; #3; (v #3; )(v) = v #3; (#26;(g 1 )(v)). It will be convenient

Sohoni, Milind


Discrete Plasmons in Finite Semiconductor Multilayers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We observe discrete plasmons in layered 2D electron gases with a large, but finte, number of periods. The twofold degeneracy of plasmon modes with wave numbers in the first Brillouin zone of the infinite system is lifted by the loss of complete periodicity in the finite system. These characteristic discrete plasmon doublets are measured in inelastic-light-scattering spectra of multilayer GaAs/(AlGa)As heterostructures.

A. Pinczuk; M. G. Lamont; A. C. Gossard



Solitons with nested structure over finite fields  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose a solitonic dynamical system over finite fields that may be regarded as an analogue of the box-ball systems. The one-soliton solutions of the system, which have nested structures similar to fractals, are also proved. The solitonic system in this paper is described by polynomials, which seems to be novel. Furthermore, in spite of such complex internal structures, numerical simulations exhibit stable propagations before and after collisions among multiple solitons with preserving their patterns.

Fumitaka Yura



Solar Electric Generating System II finite element analysis  

SciTech Connect

On June 2, 1992, Landers` earthquake struck the Solar Electric Generating System II, located in Daggett, California. The 30 megawatt power station, operated by the Daggett Leasing Corporation (DLC), suffered substantial damage due to structural failures in the solar farm. These failures consisted of the separation of sliding joints supporting a distribution of parabolic glass mirrors. At separation, the mirrors fell to the ground and broke. It was the desire of the DLC and the Solar Thermal Design Assistance Center (STDAC) of Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) and to redesign these joints so that, in the event of future quakes, costly breakage will be avoided. To accomplish this task, drawings of collector components were developed by the STDAC, from which a detailed finite element computer model of a solar collector was produced. This nonlinear dynamic model, which consisted of over 8,560 degrees of freedom, underwent model reduction to form a low order nonlinear dynamic model containing only 40 degrees of freedom. This model was then used as a design tool to estimate joint dynamics. Using this design tool, joint configurations were modified, and an acceptable joint redesign determined. The results of this analysis showed that the implementation of metal stops welded to support shafts for the purpose of preventing joint separation is a suitable joint redesign. Moreover, it was found that, for quakes of Landers` magnitude, mirror breakage due to enhanced vibration in the trough assembly is unlikely.

Dohner, J.L.; Anderson, J.R.



Kinetic roughening-like transition with finite nucleation barrier  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recent observations of the growth of protein crystals have identified two different growth regimes. At low supersaturation, the surface of the crystal is smooth and increasing in size due to the nucleation of steps at defects and the subsequent growth of the steps. At high supersaturation, nucleation occurs at many places simultaneously, the crystal surface becomes rough and the growth velocity increases more rapidly with increasing supersaturation than in the smooth regime. Kinetic roughening transitions are typically assumed to be due to the vanishing of the barrier for two-dimension nucleation on the surface of the crystal. We show here, by means of both analytic mean field models and kinetic Monte Carlo simulations that a transition between different growth modes reminiscent of kinetic roughening can also arise as a kinetic effect occurring at finite nucleation barriers.

James F. Lutsko; Vasileios Basios; Gregoire Nicolis; John J. Kozak; Mike Sleutel; Dominique Maes



Finite-size scaling in unbiased translocation dynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Finite-size scaling arguments naturally lead us to introduce a coordinate-dependent diffusion coefficient in a Fokker-Planck description of the late stage dynamics of unbiased polymer translocation through a membrane pore. The solution for the probability density function of the chemical coordinate matches the initial-stage subdiffusive regime and takes into account the equilibrium entropic drive. Precise scaling relations connect the subdiffusion exponent to the divergence with the polymer length of the translocation time, and also to the singularity of the probability density function at the absorbing boundaries. Quantitative comparisons with numerical simulation data in $d=2$ strongly support the validity of the model and of the predicted scalings.

Giovanni Brandani; Fulvio Baldovin; Enzo Orlandini; Attilio L. Stella


Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mesoscale modeling finite" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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Finite element modeling of SHTE and PSVTM electroseismics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ties of the presented methodology to detect gas (oil) saturated thin layers are shown. ... In geophysical exploration, the electro-osmosis phenomenon is known as .... between electromagnetic and mechanical processes is represented in the above ...... developments suggest viable applications in exploration and production.



One dimensional electroseismic modeling using the finite element ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The symbols ?i,j, i=b,t, j=B,M denote the bottom and top boundaries, ...... suggest viable applications in exploration and production”, 75th SEG Annual Meeting,.



Alternative EM methods for nonparametric finite mixture models  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......each pair of blocks from Step 2 into a single block to form new blocks A 1 = (1,2,3, 4) and A 2 = (5,6, 7,8). By rede fi ning the P i densities and p * parameters, once again apply one step of paired ?? to estimate the relative weight p + 1......

Ramani S. Pilla; Bruce G. Lindsay



A Mixed Finite Element Framework for Modeling Coupled Fluid Flow ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

such as recovery from compaction drive, waterflooding, surface subsidence, seal in- tegrity ...... and for rocks and concrete it is in the range of 0.4-0.6. ...... incorporate into the programs an automatic, self-adaptive, procedure which adjusts.

Birendra Jha



Finite element modeling of hydraulic fracturing in 3D  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mar 22, 2013 ... Two examples of hydraulic fracturing are given. when the pressure buildup ... Hydraulic fracturing is the coupled dynamics of frac- ture and ?uid ...



Finite-element modelling: a new tool for the biologist  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...distributed computing 1. Introduction Car manufacturers do not destroy thousands...be used to either replace their defective counterparts or to perform entirely...application is in the design of car crash- worthiness. Cars must both protect the occupants...



Finite difference seismograms for laterally varying marine models  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Travel time analysis of borehole scisinic data, J...results are compared with borehole seismic data from the...California (Deep Sea Drilling Project Site 485) in...which is important for borehole receivers is the existence...are collected for a large number of source positions......

R. A. Stephen



Parallel finite element modeling of earthquake ground response and liquefaction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Machines Corporation (IBM). Arduino, P. , Kramer, S. , and2000; Shao and Desai 2000; Arduino et al. 2001). Currently,

Lu, Jinchi



Finite Difference Modeling of Seismic Responses to Intersecting Fracture Sets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fractured reservoir characterization is becoming increasingly important for the petroleum industry. Currentmethods for this task are developed based on effectivemedia theory, which assumes the cracks or fractures in a ...

Chi, Shihong



Finite element modeling of heat and mass transport in aquifers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the grid test problem transient temperature distribution using upstream weighting to the solution of Avdonin (1964)(linear elements). 60 Comparison of the radial test problem transient temperature profile using upstream weighting to the solution... of Avdonin (1964)(linear elements) . . 61 12 13 Comparison of the grid problem transient temperature profile using mass lumping to the solution of Avdonin (1964). Comparison of the grid problem temperature progression using mass lumping to the solution...

Grubaugh, Elston Kent



Stellar electron-capture rates calculated with the finite-temperature relativistic random-phase approximation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We introduce a self-consistent microscopic theoretical framework for modelling the process of electron capture on nuclei in stellar environment, based on relativistic energy density functionals. The finite-temperature relativistic mean-field model is used to calculate the single-nucleon basis and the occupation factors in a target nucleus, and $J^{\\pi} = 0^{\\pm}$, $1^{\\pm}$, $2^{\\pm}$ charge-exchange transitions are described by the self-consistent finite-temperature relativistic random-phase approximation. Cross sections and rates are calculated for electron capture on 54,56Fe and 76,78Ge in stellar environment, and results compared with predictions of similar and complementary model calculations.

YiFei Niu; Nils Paar; Dario Vretenar; Jie Meng



Resolving phase transitions in finite systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Finite systems in confining potentials are known to undergo structural transitions similar to phase transitions. However, these systems are inhomogeneous, and their "melting" point may depend on the position in the trap and vary with the particle number. Focusing on three-dimensional Coulomb systems in a harmonic trap a rich physics is revealed: in addition to radial melting we demonstrate the existence of intrashell disordering and inter-shell angular melting. Our analysis takes advantage of a novel melting criterion that is based on the two and three-particle distribution functions and the associated reduced entropies which can be directly measured in complex plasma experiments.

Thomsen, H



Formative processes with applications to the decision problem in set theory: II. Powerset and singleton operators, finiteness predicate  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In this paper we solve the satisfiability problem for the quantifier-free fragment of set theory MLSSPF involving in addition to the basic Boolean set operators of union, intersection, and difference, also the powerset and singleton operators, and a finiteness predicate. The more restricted fragment obtained by dropping the finiteness predicate has been shown to have a solvable satisfiability problem in a previous paper, by establishing for it a small model property. We exploit the latter decision result for dealing also with the finiteness predicate (and therefore with the infiniteness predicate too) and prove a small witness-model property for MLSSPF, asserting that any model for a satisfiable formula ? with m distinct variables of the fragment of our interest admits a finite representation bounded by c ( m ) , where c is a suitable computable function. Since such candidate representations are finitely many, their number does not exceed a known bound, and it can be recognized algorithmically whether they indeed represent a(n infinite) model for the input formula, the decidability of the satisfiability problem for MLSSPF follows.

Domenico Cantone; Pietro Ursino



A multi-scale framework for CFD modelling of multi-phase complex systems based on the EMMS approach  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The averaged conservative equations in CFD modelling are inadequate to achieve a complete description of the multi-scale structures in multiphase complex systems. By considering the relationship between meso-scale structures and meso-scale energy consumption, stability conditions mathematically expressed as a mutually constrained extremum are proposed in the Energy-Minimization Multi-Scale (EMMS) approach and indispensable to reflect the compromise of different dominant mechanisms for various multiphase systems. The approach is first applied to global systems to predict and physically interpret the macro-scale structure evolution, i.e., regime transition. Then when applied to computational cells, it corrects interphase momentum transfer and greatly improves the accuracy of coarse-grid CFD simulation.

Ning Yang



Characterizing and Optimizing Precipitation Forecasts from a Convection-Permitting Ensemble Initialized by a Mesoscale Ensemble Kalman Filter  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Convection-permitting Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) Model forecasts with 3-km horizontal grid spacing were produced for a 50-member ensemble over a domain spanning three-quarters of the contiguous United States between 25 May and 25 June ...

Craig S. Schwartz; Glen S. Romine; Kathryn R. Smith; Morris L. Weisman



14th Finite Element Workshop --Ulm, July 2007 Finite Element Simulation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Bonn, {martin.rumpf,ole.schwen}@ins.uni-bonn.de 1 #12;CT segment CFE Figure 1: The image based of the composite finite element (CFE) concept first introduced in [22, 23]. The main idea is to incorporate and corresponding geometric multigrid solvers. After a review of related methods, we explain the CFE method

Rumpf, Martin


Finite element training before real analysis: A personal view  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In finite element structural analysis, we have the dilemma that an engineer can solve a very complex problem using multi-million dollar software on high-technology hardware with beautifully coloured pictures of the results, without knowing the fundamentals of the finite element method. In this paper the author presents a personal view of how this dilemma should be resolved. His solution emphasises the crucial importance of standards, quality assurance, reliability and, above all, education and training in finite element analysis.

John Robinson



Geothermal: Sponsored by OSTI -- Recovery Act: Finite Volume...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Recovery Act: Finite Volume Based Computer Program for Ground Source Heat Pump Systems Geothermal Technologies Legacy Collection HelpFAQ | Site Map | Contact Us | Admin Log On...


Propagation-invariant wave fields with finite energy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Propagation invariance is extended in the paraxial regime, leading to a generalized self-imaging effect. These wave fields are characterized by a finite number of transverse...

Piestun, Rafael; Schechner, Yoav Y; Shamir, Joseph



Propagation Distance Required to Reach Steady-State Detonation Velocity in Finite-Sized Charges  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The decay of a detonation wave from its initial CJ velocity to its final, steady state velocity upon encountering a finite thickness or diameter charge is investigated numerically and theoretically. The numerical simulations use an ideal gas equation of state and pressure dependent reaction rate in order to ensure a stable wave structure. The confinement is also treated as an ideal gas with variable impedance. The velocity decay along the centerline is extracted from the simulations and compared to predictions base on a front evolution equation that uses the steady state detonation velocity-front curvature relation ($D_n-\\kappa$). This model fails to capture the finite signaling speed of the leading rarefaction resulting from the interaction with the yielding confinement. This signaling speed is verified to be the maximum signal velocity occurring in the ideal ZND wave structure of the initial CJ velocity. A simple heuristic model based on the rarefaction generated by a one-dimensional interaction between the...

Li, Jianling; Higgins, Andrew J


Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mesoscale modeling finite" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


Light front Casimir effect at finite temperature  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The correct description of the standard Casimir effect for periodic boundary conditions via light front formalism implies in these conditions imposed at fixed Minkowski times [Almeida {\\it et al.} Phys. Rev. {\\bf D 87}, 065028 (2013); Chabysheva and Hiller, Phys. Rev. {\\bf D 88}, 085006 (2013)] instead of fixed light front times. The unphysical nature of this latter condition is manifested in the vacuum part by no regularization yielding a finite Casimir energy density [Lenz and Steinbacher, Phys. Rev. {\\bf D 67}, 045010 (2003)]. In the present paper, we extend this discussion and analyze the problem of the light front quantization with simultaneous presence of a thermal bath and boundary conditions. Considering both the oblique light front as well as Dirac light front coordinates, we show that the imposition of periodic boundary conditions at fixed Minkowski times recovers the expected behaviors for the energy density and Casimir entropy. We also investigate how the unphysical nature of the periodic boundary...

Rodrigues, P L M; Alves, Danilo T; Alves, Van Sérgio; Silva, Charles R



Simulation of the ultrasonic array response from real branched cracks using an efficient finite element method  

SciTech Connect

A hybrid model to simulate the ultrasonic array response from stress corrosion cracks is presented. These cracks are branched and difficult to detect so the model is required to enable optimization of an array design. An efficient frequency-domain finite element method is described and selected to simulate the ultrasonic scattering. Experimental validation results are presented, followed by an example of the simulated ultrasonic array response from a real stress corrosion crack whose geometry is obtained from an X-ray Computed Tomography image. A simulation-assisted array design methodology, which includes the model and use of real crack geometries, is proposed.

Felice, Maria V. [Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Bristol, Bristol BS8 1TR, United Kingdom and Rolls-Royce plc., Bristol BS34 7QE (United Kingdom); Velichko, Alexander; Wilcox, Paul D. [Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Bristol, Bristol BS8 1TR (United Kingdom); Barden, Tim J.; Dunhill, Tony K. [Rolls-Royce plc., Bristol BS34 7QE (United Kingdom)




SciTech Connect

Development of enhanced geothermal systems (EGS) will require creation of a reservoir of sufficient volume to enable commercial-scale heat transfer from the reservoir rocks to the working fluid. A key assumption associated with reservoir creation/stimulation is that sufficient rock volumes can be hydraulically fractured via both tensile and shear failure, and more importantly by reactivation of naturally existing fractures (by shearing) to create the reservoir. The advancement of EGS greatly depends on our understanding of the dynamics of the intimately coupled rock-fracture-fluid system and our ability to reliably predict how reservoirs behave under stimulation and production. In order to increase our understanding of how reservoirs behave under these conditions, we have developed a physics-based rock deformation and fracture propagation simulator by coupling a discrete element model (DEM) for fracturing with a continuum multiphase flow and heat transport model. In DEM simulations, solid rock is represented by a network of discrete elements (often referred as particles) connected by various types of mechanical bonds such as springs, elastic beams or bonds that have more complex properties (such as stress-dependent elastic constants). Fracturing is represented explicitly as broken bonds (microcracks), which form and coalesce into macroscopic fractures when external load is applied. DEM models have been applied to a very wide range of fracturing processes from the molecular scale (where thermal fluctuations play an important role) to scales on the order of 1 km or greater. In this approach, the continuum flow and heat transport equations are solved on an underlying fixed finite element grid with evolving porosity and permeability for each grid cell that depends on the local structure of the discrete element network (such as DEM particle density). The fluid pressure gradient exerts forces on individual elements of the DEM network, which therefore deforms and fractures. Such deformation/fracturing in turn changes the permeability, which again changes the evolution of fluid pressure, coupling the two phenomena. The intimate coupling between fracturing and fluid flow makes the meso-scale DEM simulations necessary, as these methods have substantial advantages over conventional continuum mechanical models of elastic rock deformation. The challenges that must be overcome to simulate EGS reservoir stimulation, preliminary results, progress to date and near future research directions and opportunities will be discussed.

Robert Podgorney; Hai Huang; Derek Gaston



Attraction of Meso-Scale Objects on the Surface of a Thin Elastic Film Supported on a Liquid  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the interaction of two parallel rigid cylinders on the surface of a thin elastic film supported on a pool of liquid. The excess energy of the surface due to the curvature of the stretched film induces attraction of the cylinders that can be quantified by the variation of their gravitational potential energies as they descend into the liquid while still floating on the film. Although the experimental results follow the trend predicted from the balance of the gravitational and elastic energies of the system, they are somewhat underestimated. The origin of this discrepancy is the hysteresis of adhesion between the cylinder and the elastic film that does not allow the conversion of the total available energy into gravitational potential energy as some part of it is recovered in stretching the film behind the cylinders while they approach each other. A modification of the model accounting for the effects of adhesion hysteresis improves the agreement between theoretical and experimental results. The contribution of the adhesion hysteresis can be reduced considerably by introducing a thin hydrogel layer atop the elastic film that enhances the range of attraction of the cylinders (as well as rigid spheres) in a dramatic way. Morphological instabilities in the gel project corrugated paths to the motion of small spheres, thus leading to a large numbers of particles to aggregate along their defects. These observations suggest that a thin hydrogel layer supported on a deformable elastic film affords an effective model system to study elasticity and defects mediated interaction of particles on its surface.

Aditi Chakrabarti; Manoj K. Chaudhury



Representing Cloud Processing of Aerosol in Numerical Models  

SciTech Connect

The satellite imagery in Figure 1 provides dramatic examples of how aerosol influences the cloud field. Aerosol from ship exhaust can serve as nucleation centers in otherwise cloud-free regions, forming ship tracks (top image), or can enhance the reflectance/albedo in already cloudy regions. This image is a demonstration of the first indirect effect, in which changes in aerosol modulate cloud droplet radius and concentration, which influences albedo. It is thought that, through the effects it has on precipitation (drizzle), aerosol can also affect the structure and persistence of planetary boundary layer (PBL) clouds. Regions of cellular convection, or open pockets of cloudiness (bottom image) are thought to be remnants of strongly drizzling PBL clouds. Pockets of Open Cloudiness (POCs) (Stevens et al. 2005) or Albrecht's ''rifts'' are low cloud fraction regions characterized by anomalously low aerosol concentrations, implying they result from precipitation. These features may in fact be a demonstration of the second indirect effect. To accurately represent these clouds in numerical models, we have to treat the coupled cloud-aerosol system. We present the following series of mesoscale and large eddy simulation (LES) experiments to evaluate the important aspects of treating the coupled cloud-aerosol problem. 1. Drizzling and nondrizzling simulations demonstrate the effect of drizzle on a mesoscale forecast off the California coast. 2. LES experiments with explicit (bin) microphysics gauge the relative importance of the shape of the aerosol spectrum on the 3D dynamics and cloud structure. 3. Idealized mesoscale model simulations evaluate the relative roles of various processes, sources, and sinks.

Mechem, D.B.; Kogan, Y.L.



Investigation of Low-Cloud Characteristics Using Mesoscale Numerical Model Data for Improvement of Fog-Detection Performance by Satellite Remote Sensing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The comprehensive relationship between meteorological conditions and whether low water cloud touches the surface, particularly at sea, is examined with the goal of improving low-cloud detection by satellite. Gridpoint-value data provided by an ...

Haruma Ishida; Kentaro Miura; Teruaki Matsuda; Kakuji Ogawara; Azumi Goto; Kuniaki Matsuura; Yoshiko Sato; Takashi Y. Nakajima



Effects of urban land cover modifications in a mesoscale meteorological model on surface temperature and heat fluxes in the Phoenix metropolitan area.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and latent heat fluxes and therefore the ground temperature, Tg. Evaporation, E, for each grid cell temperature and heat fluxes in the Phoenix metropolitan area. S. Grossman-Clarke1, J.A. Zehnder2, and W) satellite images [2]. The data were upscaled to a 30-second grid and used to augment and correct

Hall, Sharon J.


Bull. Disas. Prey. Res. Inst., Kyoto Univ., Vol. 45, Part 2,3 No. 391, February, 1996 61 A Simple Water Balance Model for a Mesoscale Catchment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

By Nirupama, Yasuto TACHIKAWA, Michiharu SHIIBA and Takuma TAY-ASA° (Manuscript received on Aug. 25, 1995 the Priestley- Taylor method for evapotranspiration values. Recently, Sivapalan and Woods (1995) #12;62 Nirupama,Y.TACHIKAWA

Takada, Shoji


Automatic steering of behavioral model inference  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Many testing and analysis techniques use finite state models to validate and verify the quality of software systems. Since the specification of such models is complex and time-consuming, researchers defined several techniques to extract finite state ... Keywords: dynamic analysis, mining automata, temporal properties

David Lo; Leonardo Mariani; Mauro Pezzè




E-Print Network (OSTI)

], and Kondo and Tanaka [14] have examined the global properties of the total curvature of a curveNON-CLOSED CURVES IN Rn WITH FINITE TOTAL FIRST CURVATURE ARISING FROM THE SOLUTIONS OF AN ODE P finite total first curvature. If all the roots of the associated characteristic polynomial are simple, we

Gilkey, Peter B


Spontaneous CP Violation at Finite Temperature in the MSSM  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......research-article Articles Spontaneous CP Violation at Finite Temperature in the MSSM...MSSM at finite temperature, we find that CP can be spontaneously broken in the intermediate...created at the phase transition. This type of CP violation is necessary to have a bubble......

Koichi Funakubo; Akira Kakuto; Shoichiro Otsuki; Fumihiko Toyoda



Hybrid Systems with Finite Bisimulations Gerardo Lafferriere1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hybrid Systems with Finite Bisimulations Gerardo Lafferriere1 , George J. Pappas2 , and Shankar is one of the main approach- es to hybrid system analysis. Decidability questions for verification algo classes of planar hybrid systems. 1 Introduction Hybrid systems consist of finite state machines

Pappas, George J.


Explicit and implicit finite difference schemes for fractional Cattaneo equation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, the numerical solution of fractional (non-integer)-order Cattaneo equation for describing anomalous diffusion has been investigated. Two finite difference schemes namely an explicit predictor-corrector and totally implicit schemes have ... Keywords: Convergence rate, Finite difference schemes, Fractional Cattaneo equation, Stability

H. R. Ghazizadeh; M. Maerefat; A. Azimi



Hyperon stars at finite temperature in the Brueckner theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We perform Brueckner-Hartree-Fock calculations of hypernuclear matter at finite temperature and provide convenient analytical parametrizations of the results. We study then the properties of (proto)neutron stars containing hyperons. We find important effects of trapping and finite temperature on the structure of hyperonic stars.

Burgio, G F; Li, A



Hyperon stars at finite temperature in the Brueckner theory  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We perform Brueckner-Hartree-Fock calculations of hypernuclear matter at finite temperature and provide convenient analytical parametrizations of the results. We then study the properties of (proto)neutron stars containing hyperons. We find important effects of trapping and finite temperature on the structure of hyperonic stars.

G. F. Burgio; H.-J. Schulze; A. Li (??)



Duality in spaces of finite linear combinations of atoms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Duality in spaces of finite linear combinations of atoms Fulvio Ricci and Joan Verdera Abstract In this note we describe the dual and the completion of the space of finite linear combinations of (p, #)­atoms, #)­atoms, 0

Verdera, Joan


Infinite Hamilton Cycles in Squares of Locally Finite Graphs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Infinite Hamilton Cycles in Squares of Locally Finite Graphs Agelos Georgakopoulos Abstract We prove Diestel's conjecture that the square G2 of a 2-connected locally finite graph G has a Hamilton if and only if they have distance at most n in G. A Hamilton cycle in a graph is a cycle containing all its

Diestel, Reinhard


Bisimilarity is not Finitely Based over BPA with Interrupt  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Bisimilarity is not Finitely Based over BPA with Interrupt Luca Aceto1,3 , Wan Fokkink4 , Anna BPA enriched with the disrupt operator is proven to be finitely based. 1 Introduction Programming Algebra (BPA), as introduced by Bergstra and Klop in [12], some of these extensions, and their relative

Fokkink, Wan


Curved finite elements by the method of initial strains  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, pp. 383-432. 2. Clough, R. W. , "Comparison of Three Dimensional Finite Elements, " Proceedin s of the S osium on A lication of Finite Element Mhd l. t''i~Et f, Vd6'ltUt ty, 1969, pp. 1-26. 3. Stricklin, J. A. , informal proposal submitted to Dr...

Leick, Roger Dale



Generalised finite radon transform for N x N images  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper extends the domain of the finite radon transform (FRT) to apply to square arrays of arbitrary size. The FRT is a discrete formalism of the Radon transform that assumes the image is periodic over the finite array Z"N^2 and requires only arithmetic ... Keywords: Discrete projection, Discrete radon transform, Fourier slice theorem, Image representation

Andrew Kingston; Imants Svalbe


Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mesoscale modeling finite" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


Finite anticanonical transformations in field-antifield formalism  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the role of arbitrary (finite) anticanonical transformations in the field-antifield formalism, and the gauge-fixing procedure based on the use of these transformations. Properties of generating functionals of Green functions subjected to finite anticanonical transformations are considered.

Batalin, Igor A; Tyutin, Igor V



Finite anticanonical transformations in field-antifield formalism  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the role of arbitrary (finite) anticanonical transformations in the field-antifield formalism, and the gauge-fixing procedure based on the use of these transformations. Properties of generating functionals of Green functions subjected to finite anticanonical transformations are considered.

Igor A. Batalin; Peter M. Lavrov; Igor V. Tyutin



Finite-Horizon Optimal Transmission Policies for Energy Harvesting Sensors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Finite-Horizon Optimal Transmission Policies for Energy Harvesting Sensors Rahul Vaze School: krishnaj@ee.iitm.ac.in Abstract--In this paper, we derive optimal transmission poli- cies for energy harvesting sensors to maximize the utility obtained over a finite horizon. First, we consider a single energy

Jagannathan, Krishna


Electromagnetic source localization with finite set of frequency measurements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A phase conjugation algorithm for localizing an extended radiating electromagnetic source from boundary measurements of the electric field is presented. Measurements are taken over a finite number of frequencies. The artifacts related to the finite frequency data are tackled with $l_1-$regularization blended with the fast iterative shrinkage-thresholding algorithm with backtracking of Beck & Teboulle.

Abdul Wahab; Amer Rasheed; Rab Nawaz; Saman Anjum



Parallel Finite Element Simulation of Tracer Injection in Oil Reservoirs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Parallel Finite Element Simulation of Tracer Injection in Oil Reservoirs Alvaro L.G.A. Coutinho In this work, parallel finite element techniques for the simulation of tracer injection in oil reservoirs. Supercomputers have made it possible to consider global reservoir effects which can not be represented using

Coutinho, Alvaro L. G. A.


Simulation Research on Switched Reluctance Motor Modeling and Control Strategy Based on ANSOFT  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Based on ANSOFT software, the 2d and 3d finite element models of switch reluctance motor were established, the dynamic simulations on the switch reluctance motor finite element models were researched by different control strategies. The accuracy and ... Keywords: SRM, Ansoft, the finite element, simulation

Yuelun Ling; Mianhua Wang; Yan Wang; Fenli Wang



An h-adaptive finite element method for turbulent heat transfer  

SciTech Connect

A two-equation turbulence closure model (k-{omega}) using an h-adaptive grid technique and finite element method (FEM) has been developed to simulate low Mach flow and heat transfer. These flows are applicable to many flows in engineering and environmental sciences. Of particular interest in the engineering modeling areas are: combustion, solidification, and heat exchanger design. Flows for indoor air quality modeling and atmospheric pollution transport are typical types of environmental flows modeled with this method. The numerical method is based on a hybrid finite element model using an equal-order projection process. The model includes thermal and species transport, localized mesh refinement (h-adaptive) and Petrov-Galerkin weighting for the stabilizing the advection. This work develops the continuum model of a two-equation turbulence closure method. The fractional step solution method is stated along with the h-adaptive grid method (Carrington and Pepper, 2002). Solutions are presented for 2d flow over a backward-facing step.

Carriington, David B [Los Alamos National Laboratory



E-Print Network 3.0 - aponeurotic tension model Sample Search...  

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resolution. Once tension effects are explicitly modeled with forces at the liquid interface, many... finite element method to discretize our model for the surface tension...


Modeling a solar energy collector with an integrated phase-change material  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this thesis, a finite-element computer model was created to simulate a solar air heater with an integrated-phase change material. The commercially available finite element package ADINA-Fluid was used to generate the ...

Guerra, Alexander Adrian



Modeling a solar energy collector with an integrated phase-change material .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??In this thesis, a finite-element computer model was created to simulate a solar air heater with an integrated-phase change material. The commercially available finite element… (more)

Guerra, Alexander Adrian



Numerical simulations and predictive models of undrained penetration in soft soils  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of rateindependent finite element analyses of pre-embedded penetration depths, and validate the results by upper and lower bound solutions from classical plasticity theory. Furthermore, strain rate effects are modeled by finite element simulations within a framework...

Shi, Han



Numerical simulation of borehole acoustic logging in the frequency and time domains with hp-adaptive finite elements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Numerical simulation of borehole acoustic logging in the frequency and time domains with hp elasticity Coupled problems hp-adaptive finite elements a b s t r a c t Accurate numerical simulation physical modeling combined with accurate and efficient numerical dis- cretization and solution techniques

Torres-Verdín, Carlos



NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

a single-fluid diffuse interface model in the ALE-AMR hydrodynamics code to simulate surface tension effects. We show simula- tions and compare them to other surface tension...



NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

sion effects. We show the result of a test case, and compare it to the result without surface tension. The model describes droplet formation nicely. Application The ARRA-funded...


An AMR Capable Finite Element Diffusion Solver  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

hydrocodes have been used extensively at the National Ignition Facility (NIF) to model ignition target behavior during 1 and after the delivery of laser power 23. Over the...


The Effect of Nodalization on the Accuracy of the Finite Difference Solution of the Transient Conduction Equation.  

SciTech Connect

One of the important phenomena that thermal-hydraulic codes such as RELAP5 must accurately calculate is heat transfer between a fluid and solid. Currently all thermal-hydraulic safety codes use the finite-difference technique to solve the transient conduction equation. This paper will examine the effect of different nodalization strategies on the accuracy of the finite-difference solution of a transient conduction problem with one convective boundary condition and no internal heat generation. The paper concludes with recommendations for choosing an appropriate nodalization scheme for modeling conduction in a wall without internal heat generation.

Aumiller, D.L.



Equation of state and QCD transition at finite temperature  

SciTech Connect

We calculate the equation of state in 2+1 flavor QCD at finite temperature with physical strange quark mass and almost physical light quark masses using lattices with temporal extent N{sub {tau}} = 8. Calculations have been performed with two different improved staggered fermion actions, the asqtad and p4 actions. Overall, we find good agreement between results obtained with these two O(a{sup 2}) improved staggered fermion discretization schemes. A comparison with earlier calculations on coarser lattices is performed to quantify systematic errors in current studies of the equation of state. We also present results for observables that are sensitive to deconfining and chiral aspects of the QCD transition on N{sub {tau}} = 6 and 8 lattices. We find that deconfinement and chiral symmetry restoration happen in the same narrow temperature interval. In an Appendix we present a simple parametrization of the equation of state that can easily be used in hydrodynamic model calculations. In this parametrization we also incorporated an estimate of current uncertainties in the lattice calculations which arise from cutoff and quark mass effects. We estimate these systematic effects to be about 10 MeV.

Bazavov, A; Bhattacharya, T; Cheng, M; Christ, N H; DeTar, C; Ejiri, S; Gottlieb, S; Gupta, R; Heller, U M; Huebner, K; Jung, C; Karsch, F; Laermann, E; Levkova, L; Miao, C; Mawhinney, R D; Petreczky, P; Schmidt, C; Soltz, R A; Soeldner, W; Sugar, R; Toussaint, D; Vranas, P



Pairing mechanism in Bi-O superconductors: A finite-size chain calculation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We have studied the pairing mechanism in BiO3 systems by calculating the binding energy of a pair of holes in finite Bi-O chains, for parameters that simulate three-dimensional behavior. In agreement with previous results using perturbation theory in the hopping t, for covalent Bi-O binding and parameters for which the parent compound has a disproportionate ground state, pairing induced by the presence of biexcitons is obtained for sufficiently large interatomic Coulomb repulsion. The analysis of appropriate correlation functions shows a rapid metallization of the system as t and the number of holes increase. This fact shrinks the region of parameters for which the finite-size calculations can be trusted without further study. The same model for other parameters yields pairing in two other regimes: bipolaronic and magnetic excitonic.

A. A. Aligia; M. D. Nuez Regueiro; E. R. Gagliano



Model Checking Edmund M. Clarke  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.2 Some Concrete Formalisms for Finite State Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1726 HANDBOOK.1 Models, Automata and Transition Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1671 4.2 Safety.2 Distinguishing Power and Ehrenfeucht-Fra#16;ss#19;e Games . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1685 5.3 Auto

Clarke, Edmund M.



NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ALE-AMR ALE-AMR code Wangyi Liu, John Bernard, Alex Friedman, Nathan Masters, Aaron Fisher, Velemir Mlaker, Alice Koniges, David Eder June 4, 2011 Abstract In this paper we describe an implementation of a single-fluid inter- face model in the ALE-AMR code to simulate surface tension effects. The model does not require explicit information on the physical state of the two phases. The only change to the existing fluid equations is an additional term in the stress tensor. We show results of applying the model to an expanding Al droplet surrounded by an Al vapor, where additional droplets are created. 1 Introduction The Neutralized Drift Compression Experiment II (NDCX II) is an induction accelerator planned for initial commissioning in 2012. The final design calls for a 3 MeV, Li+ ion beam, delivered in a bunch with characteristic pulse duration of 1 ns, and transverse dimension of order 1 mm. The

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mesoscale modeling finite" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


E-Print Network 3.0 - anisotropic finite-frequency sensitivity...  

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to study the finite-frequency sensitivity to anisotropic parameters... will see later. Smith et al. (2004) introduce 2-D anisotropic sensitivity kernels for finite-frequency......


FEHM (Finite Element Heat and Mass Transfer Code)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

FEHM (Finite Element Heat and Mass Transfer Code) FEHM (Finite Element Heat and Mass Transfer Code) FEHM (Finite Element Heat and Mass Transfer Code) FEHM is used to simulate groundwater and contaminant flow and transport in deep and shallow, fractured and un-fractured porous media throughout the US DOE complex. June 29, 2013 software FEHM is used to simulate groundwater and contaminant flow and transport in deep and shallow, fractured and un-fractured porous media throughout the US DOE complex. Available for thumbnail of Feynman Center (505) 665-9090 Email FEHM (Finite Element Heat and Mass Transfer Code) FEHM is used to simulate groundwater and contaminant flow and transport in deep and shallow, fractured and un-fractured porous media throughout the US DOE complex. FEHM has proved to be a valuable asset on a variety of


Torsion cohomology for solvable groups of finite rank.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We define a class $\\mathcal{U}$ of solvable groups of finite abelian section rank which includes all such groups that are virtually torsion-free as well as those that are finitely generated. Assume that $G$ is a group in $\\mathcal{U}$ and $A$ a $\\mathbb ZG$-module. If $A$ is $\\mathbb Z$-torsion-free and has finite $\\mathbb Z$-rank, we stipulate a condition on $A$ that guarantees that $H^n(G,A)$ and $H_n(G,A)$ must be finite for $n\\geq 0$. Moreover, if the underlying abelian group of $A$ is a ?ernikov group, we identify a similar condition on $A$ that ensures that $H^n(G,A)$ must be a ?ernikov group for all $n\\geq 0$.

Karl Lorensen


Characters and finite Frobenius rings Jay A. Wood  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Characters and finite Frobenius rings Jay A. Wood Department of Mathematics Western Michigan-modules; 3. R = R as right R-modules. Due independently to Hirano, 1997, and Wood, 1999. JW (WMU) Frobenius

Wood, Jay


Finite Element Analysis of Marine Diesel Engine Crankshaft  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, with the ANSYS, stress distribution and safety factor of crankshaft were analyzed by using 3D finite element method. The results show that the exposed destructive position is the transition circ...

Bin Zheng; Yongqi Liu; Ruixiang Liu…



Bisimilarity Is Not Finitely Based over BPA with Interrupt  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper shows that bisimulation equivalence does not afford a finite equational axiomatization over the language obtained by enriching Bergstra and Klop’s Basic Process Algebra with the interrupt operator. Mor...

Luca Aceto; Wan Fokkink; Anna Ingolfsdottir…




E-Print Network (OSTI)

FINITE FRACTURE MECHANICS OF MATRIX MICROCRACKING IN COMPOSITES JOHN A. NAIRN INTRODUCTION damage following complex loading conditions. This chapter describes a fracture mechanics approach to the microcracking problem. A complicating feature of composite fracture mechanics analysis is that laminates often

Nairn, John A.


Geothermal: Sponsored by OSTI -- Finite Volume Based Computer...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Finite Volume Based Computer Program for Ground Source Heat Pump System Geothermal Technologies Legacy Collection HelpFAQ | Site Map | Contact Us | Admin Log On HomeBasic Search...


Peakons, Strings, and the Finite Toda Lattice RICHARD BEALS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Peakons, Strings, and the Finite Toda Lattice RICHARD BEALS Yale University DAVID H. SATTINGER Utah;92 R. BEALS, D. H. SATTINGER, AND J. SZMIGIELSKI viewpoints was explored in an unpublished paper by Mc

Zakharov, Vladimir


Finite generation and continuity of topological Hochschild and cyclic homology.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The goal of this paper is to establish fundamental properties of the Hochschild, topological Hochschild, and topological cyclic homologies of commutative, Noetherian rings, which are assumed only to be F-finite in the majority of our results. This mild hypothesis is satisfied in all cases of interest in finite and mixed characteristic algebraic geometry. We prove firstly that the topological Hochschild homology groups, and the homotopy groups of the fixed point spectra $TR^r$, are finitely generated modules. We use this to establish the continuity of these homology theories for any given ideal. A consequence of such continuity results is the pro Hochschild-Kostant-Rosenberg theorem for topological Hochschild and cyclic homology. Finally, we show more generally that the aforementioned finite generation and continuity properties remain true for any proper scheme over such a ring.

Bjørn Ian Dundas; Matthew Morrow


Average dynamics of a finite set of coupled phase oscillators  

SciTech Connect

We study the solutions of a dynamical system describing the average activity of an infinitely large set of driven coupled excitable units. We compared their topological organization with that reconstructed from the numerical integration of finite sets. In this way, we present a strategy to establish the pertinence of approximating the dynamics of finite sets of coupled nonlinear units by the dynamics of its infinitely large surrogate.

Dima, Germán C., E-mail: gdima@df.uba.ar; Mindlin, Gabriel B. [Laboratorio de Sistemas Dinámicos, IFIBA y Departamento de Física, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Pabellón 1, Ciudad Universitaria, Buenos Aires (Argentina)] [Laboratorio de Sistemas Dinámicos, IFIBA y Departamento de Física, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Pabellón 1, Ciudad Universitaria, Buenos Aires (Argentina)



Gradient Plasticity Model and its Implementation into MARMOT  

SciTech Connect

The influence of strain gradient on deformation behavior of nuclear structural materials, such as boby centered cubic (bcc) iron alloys has been investigated. We have developed and implemented a dislocation based strain gradient crystal plasticity material model. A mesoscale crystal plasticity model for inelastic deformation of metallic material, bcc steel, has been developed and implemented numerically. Continuum Dislocation Dynamics (CDD) with a novel constitutive law based on dislocation density evolution mechanisms was developed to investigate the deformation behaviors of single crystals, as well as polycrystalline materials by coupling CDD and crystal plasticity (CP). The dislocation density evolution law in this model is mechanism-based, with parameters measured from experiments or simulated with lower-length scale models, not an empirical law with parameters back-fitted from the flow curves.

Barker, Erin I.; Li, Dongsheng; Zbib, Hussein M.; Sun, Xin



Hierarchical strategy for rapid finite element analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

that is being researched quite extensively due to its high strength and stiffness. But it is hard to model because other phenomena like quantum mechanics come into play in the nano-scale and conventional continuum mechanics is not valid at such scales. So... that is being researched quite extensively due to its high strength and stiffness. But it is hard to model because other phenomena like quantum mechanics come into play in the nano-scale and conventional continuum mechanics is not valid at such scales. So...

Varghese, Julian



Modeling atmospheric deposition using a stochastic transport model  

SciTech Connect

An advanced stochastic transport model has been modified to include the removal mechanisms of dry and wet deposition. Time-dependent wind and turbulence fields are generated with a prognostic mesoscale numerical model and are used to advect and disperse individually released particles that are each assigned a mass. These particles are subjected to mass reduction in two ways depending on their physical location. Particles near the surface experience a decrease in mass using the concept of a dry deposition velocity, while the mass of particles located within areas of precipitation are depleted using a scavenging coefficient. Two levels of complexity are incorporated into the particle model. The simple case assumes constant values of dry deposition velocity and scavenging coefficient, while the more complex case varies the values according to meteorology, surface conditions, release material, and precipitation intensity. Instantaneous and cumulative dry and wet deposition are determined from the mass loss due to these physical mechanisms. A useful means of validating the model results is with data available from a recent accidental release of Cesium-137 from a steel-processing furnace in Algeciras, Spain in May, 1998. This paper describes the deposition modeling technique, as well as a comparison of simulated concentration and deposition with measurements taken for the Algeciras release.

Buckley, R.L.



Finite element decomposition of the human neocortex  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ?. .. . , . . . . . C. Application of Software Tools to the Human Neocortex. . . . . . . . 72 . . . . 72 . . . . 74 VIII RESULTS. . . . . 77 A. B. C. D. E. F. Contour Extraction . , Solid Model Reconstruction of the Right Hemisphere. . . . Extraction.... Summary. B. Future Work. . . . . . 101 . . . . . 101 REFERENCES. , . . . . . 105 . . . . . 110 LIST OF FIGURES FIGURE Page 1 Reconstruction stages. . . . . . 2 Voronoi diagram and Delaunay triangulation . . . . . 13 3 IVS and EVS of two contours...

Chow, Seeling



Finite-element/progressive-lattice-sampling response surface methodology and application to benchmark probability quantification problems  

SciTech Connect

Optimal response surface construction is being investigated as part of Sandia discretionary (LDRD) research into Analytic Nondeterministic Methods. The goal is to achieve an adequate representation of system behavior over the relevant parameter space of a problem with a minimum of computational and user effort. This is important in global optimization and in estimation of system probabilistic response, which are both made more viable by replacing large complex computer models with fast-running accurate and noiseless approximations. A Finite Element/Lattice Sampling (FE/LS) methodology for constructing progressively refined finite element response surfaces that reuse previous generations of samples is described here. Similar finite element implementations can be extended to N-dimensional problems and/or random fields and applied to other types of structured sampling paradigms, such as classical experimental design and Gauss, Lobatto, and Patterson sampling. Here the FE/LS model is applied in a ``decoupled`` Monte Carlo analysis of two sets of probability quantification test problems. The analytic test problems, spanning a large range of probabilities and very demanding failure region geometries, constitute a good testbed for comparing the performance of various nondeterministic analysis methods. In results here, FE/LS decoupled Monte Carlo analysis required orders of magnitude less computer time than direct Monte Carlo analysis, with no appreciable loss of accuracy. Thus, when arriving at probabilities or distributions by Monte Carlo, it appears to be more efficient to expend computer-model function evaluations on building a FE/LS response surface than to expend them in direct Monte Carlo sampling.

Romero, V.J.; Bankston, S.D.



Simulation of heat pipe rapid transient performance using a multi-nodal implicit finite difference scheme  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

capillary pumping head is given by 2 0' Ap C XXX z erst where 6 = the surface tension of the working fluid r?rc = the minimum radius of curvature and is given for wire meshes as w+d r CIlt where w = width of pore d = wire diameter. The maximum... Difference Scheme James Samuel Peery, B. S. , Texas A&M University Chairman of Advisory Committee: Dr. Frederick R. Best A multi ? nodal, implicit, finite difference model, Heat Pipe Transient Analysis Code (HPTAC), has been developed to simulate heat...

Peery, James Samuel



Nuclear spin structure in dark matter search: The finite momentum transfer limit  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Spin-dependent elastic scattering of weakly interacting massive dark matter particles (WIMP) off nuclei is reviewed. All available, within different nuclear models, structure functions S(q) for finite momentum transfer (q>0) are presented. These functions describe the recoil energy dependence of the differential event rate due to the spin-dependent WIMP-nucleon interactions. This paper, together with the previous paper ``Nuclear spin structure in dark matter search: The zero momentum transfer limit'', completes our review of the nuclear spin structure calculations involved in the problem of direct dark matter search.

V. A. Bednyakov; F. Simkovic



The stress field around two parallel edge cracks in a finite body  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the application of the Schwarz alternating method in conjunction with complex mapping techniques for modelling the stress fields around two arbitrarily oriented cracks in an infinite body (see Fig. 1. 4). M P 0. 83W I. 83W Again 19. Isolated, Single...-Ended Crack Located in a Finite Body. " Zo r A I I 0 I Figure IA. Two Aibitnuily Oiiented Conchs Located in an Infinite Body. t CHAFIXR II FULL-FIELD REPRESENTATION OF THE STRESS FIELD SURROUNDING TWO EDGE CRACKS OVERVIEW OF THE METHODOLOGY USED...

Hardin, Patrick Wayne



Finite-size scaling of two-point statistics and the turbulent energy cascade generators  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Within the framework of random multiplicative energy cascade models of fully developed turbulence, finite-size-scaling expressions for two-point correlators and cumulants are derived, taking into account the observationally unavoidable conversion from an ultrametric to an Euclidean two-point distance. The comparison with two-point statistics of the surrogate energy dissipation, extracted from various wind tunnel and atmospheric boundary layer records, allows an accurate deduction of multiscaling exponents and cumulants, even at moderate Reynolds numbers for which simple power-law fits are not feasible. The extracted exponents serve as input for parametric estimates of the probabilistic cascade generator. Various cascade generators are evaluated.

Jochen Cleve; Thomas Dziekan; Jürgen Schmiegel; Ole E. Barndorff-Nielsen; Bruce R. Pearson; Katepalli R. Sreenivasan; Martin Greiner


Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mesoscale modeling finite" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


A dynamic viscoelastic contact problem with normal compliance, finite penetration and nonmonotone slip rate dependent friction  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract We consider a mathematical model which describes the dynamic evolution of a viscoelastic body in frictional contact with an obstacle. The contact is modelled with normal compliance and unilateral constraint, associated to a rate slip-dependent version of Coulomb’s law of dry friction. In order to approximate the contact conditions, we consider a regularized problem wherein the contact is modelled by a standard normal compliance condition without finite penetrations. For each problem, we derive a variational formulation and an existence result of the weak solution of the regularized problem is obtained. Next, we prove the convergence of the weak solution of the regularized problem to the weak solution of the initial nonregularized problem. Then, we introduce a fully discrete approximation of the variational problem based on a finite element method and on a second order time integration scheme. The solution of the resulting nonsmooth and nonconvex frictional contact problems is presented, based on approximation by a sequence of nonsmooth convex programming problems. Finally, some numerical simulations are provided in order to illustrate both the behaviour of the solution related to the frictional contact conditions and the convergence result.

Mikäel Barboteu; Krzysztof Bartosz; Piotr Kalita



Simulation of planar integrated photonics devices with the LLNL time- domain finite-difference code suite  

SciTech Connect

Interest has recently grown in applying microwave modeling techniques to optical circuit modeling. One of the simplest, yet most powerful, microwave simulation techniques is the finite-difference time-domain algorithm (FDTD). In this technique, the differential form of the time-domain Maxwell's equations are discretized and all derivatives are approximated as differences. Minor algebraic manipulations on the resulting equations produces a set of update equations that produce fields at a given time step from fields at the previous time step. The FDTD algorithm, then, is quite simple. Source fields are launched into the discrete grid by some means. The FDTD equations advance these fields in time. At the boundaries of the grid, special update equations called radiation conditions are applied that approximate a continuing, infinite space. Because virtually no assumptions are made in the development of the FDTD method, the algorithm is able to represent a wide-range of physical effects. Waves can propagate in any direction, multiple reflections within structures can cause resonances, multiple modes of various polarizations can be launched, each of which may generate within the device an infinite spectrum of bound and radiation modes. The ability to model these types of general physical effects is what makes the FDTD method interesting to the field of optics. In this paper, we discuss the application of the finite-difference time-domain technique to integrated optics. Animations will be shown of the simulations of a TE coupler, TM grating, and a TE integrated detector. 3 refs., 1 fig.

McLeod, R.; Hawkins, R.J.; Kallman, J.S.



Pion condensation in electrically neutral cold matter with finite baryon density  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The possibility of the pion condensation phenomenon in cold and electrically neutral dense baryonic matter is investigated in $\\beta$-equilibrium. For simplicity, the consideration is performed in the framework of a NJL model with two quark flavors at zero current quark mass and for rather small values of the baryon chemical potential, where the diquark condensation might be ignored. Two sets of model parameters are used. For the first one, the pion condensed phase with finite baryon density is realized. In this phase both electrons and the pion condensate take part in the neutralization of the quark electric charge. For the second set of model parameters, the pion condensation is impossible if the neutrality condition is imposed. The behaviour of meson masses vs quark chemical potential has been studied in electrically neutral matter.

D. Ebert; K. G. Klimenko



Chapman-Enskog Analysis of Finite Volume Lattice Boltzmann Schemes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, we provide a systematic analysis of some finite volume lattice Boltzmann schemes in two dimensions. A complete iteration cycle in time evolution of discretized distribution functions is formally divided into collision and propagation (streaming) steps. Considering mass and momentum conserving properties of the collision step, it becomes obvious that changes in the momentum of finite volume cells is just due to the propagation step. Details of the propagation step are discussed for different approximate schemes for the evaluation of fluxes at the boundaries of the finite volume cells. Moreover, a full Chapman-Enskog analysis is conducted allowing to recover the Navier-Stokes equation. As an important result of this analysis, the relation between the lattice Boltzmann relaxation time and the kinematic viscosity of the fluid is derived for each approximate flux evaluation scheme. In particular, it is found that the constant upwind scheme leads to a positive numerical viscosity while the central sc...

Siboni, Nima H; Varnik, Fathollah



FCMLab: A finite cell research toolbox for MATLAB  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The recently introduced Finite Cell Method combines the fictitious domain idea with the benefits of high-order finite elements. Although previous publications demonstrated the method’s excellent applicability in various contexts, the implementation of a three-dimensional Finite Cell code is challenging. To lower the entry barrier, this work introduces the object-oriented MATLAB toolbox \\{FCMLab\\} allowing for an easy start into this research field and for rapid prototyping of new algorithmic ideas. The paper reviews the essentials of the methods applied and explains in detail the class structure of the framework. Furthermore, the usage of the toolbox is discussed by means of different two- and three-dimensional examples demonstrating all important features of \\{FCMLab\\} (http://fcmlab.cie.bgu.tum.de/).

N. Zander; T. Bog; M. Elhaddad; R. Espinoza; H. Hu; A. Joly; C. Wu; P. Zerbe; A. Düster; S. Kollmannsberger; J. Parvizian; M. Ruess; D. Schillinger; E. Rank



Finite-size energy of non-interacting Fermi gases  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We prove the asymptotics of the difference of the ground-state energies of two non-interacting $N$-particle Fermi gases on the half line of length $L$ in the thermodynamic limit up to order $1/L$. We are particularly interested in subdominant terms proportional to $1/L$, called finite-size energy. In the nineties Affleck and co-authors [Aff97, ZA97, AL94] claimed that the finite-size energy equals the decay exponent occuring in Anderson's orthogonality catastrophe. It turns out that the finite-size energy depends on the details of the thermodynamic limit and typically also includes a linear term in the scattering phase shift.

Martin Gebert



Finite Temperature Sum Rules in Lattice Gauge Theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We derive non-perturbative sum rules in SU($N$) lattice gauge theory at finite temperature. They relate the susceptibilities of the trace anomaly and energy-momentum tensor to temperature derivatives of the thermodynamic potentials. Two of them have been derived previously in the continuum and one is new. In all cases, at finite latttice spacing there are important corrections to the continuum sum rules that are only suppressed by the bare coupling $g_0^2$. We also show how the discretization errors affecting the thermodynamic potentials can be controlled by computing these susceptibilities.

Harvey B. Meyer



Inheritance principle and Non-renormalization theorems at finite temperature  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a general proof of an ``inheritance principle'' satisfied by a weakly coupled SU(N) gauge theory with adjoint matter on a class of compact manifolds (like $S^3$). In the large $N$ limit, finite temperature correlation functions of gauge invariant single-trace operators in the low temperature phase are related to those at zero temperature by summing over images of each operator in the Euclidean time direction. As a consequence, various non-renormalization theorems of $\\NN=4$ Super-Yang-Mills theory on $S^3$ survive at finite temperature despite the fact that the conformal and supersymmetries are both broken.

Mauro Brigante; Guido Festuccia; Hong Liu



Accounting for Parameter Uncertainty in Reservoir Uncertainty Assessment: The Conditional Finite-Domain Approach  

SciTech Connect

An important aim of modern geostatistical modeling is to quantify uncertainty in geological systems. Geostatistical modeling requires many input parameters. The input univariate distribution or histogram is perhaps the most important. A new method for assessing uncertainty in the histogram, particularly uncertainty in the mean, is presented. This method, referred to as the conditional finite-domain (CFD) approach, accounts for the size of the domain and the local conditioning data. It is a stochastic approach based on a multivariate Gaussian distribution. The CFD approach is shown to be convergent, design independent, and parameterization invariant. The performance of the CFD approach is illustrated in a case study focusing on the impact of the number of data and the range of correlation on the limiting uncertainty in the parameters. The spatial bootstrap method and CFD approach are compared. As the number of data increases, uncertainty in the sample mean decreases in both the spatial bootstrap and the CFD. Contrary to spatial bootstrap, uncertainty in the sample mean in the CFD approach decreases as the range of correlation increases. This is a direct result of the conditioning data being more correlated to unsampled locations in the finite domain. The sensitivity of the limiting uncertainty relative to the variogram and the variable limits are also discussed.

Babak, Olena, E-mail: obabak@ualberta.ca; Deutsch, Clayton V. [University of Alberta, Centre for Computational Geostatistics, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering (Canada)], E-mail: cdeutsch@ualberta.ca



Differential capacitance of the electric double layer: The interplay between ion finite size and dielectric decrement  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the electric double layer by combining the effects of ion finite size and dielectric decrement. At high surface potential, both mechanisms can cause saturation of the counter-ion concentration near a charged surface. The modified Grahame equation and differential capacitance are derived analytically for a general expression of a permittivity epsilon(n) that depends on the local ion concentration, n, and under the assumption that the co-ions are fully depleted from the surface. The concentration at counter-ion saturation is found for any epsilon(n), and a criterion predicting which of the two mechanisms (steric vs. dielectric decrement) is the dominant one is obtained. At low salinity, the differential capacitance as function of surface potential has two peaks (so-called camel-shape). Each of these two peaks is connected to a saturation of counter-ion concentration caused either by dielectric decrement or by their finite size. Because these effects depend mainly on the counter-ion concentration at the surface proximity, for opposite surface-potential polarity either the cations or anions play the role of counter-ions, resulting in an asymmetric camel-shape. At high salinity, we obtain and analyze the crossover in the differential capacitance from a double-peak shape to a uni-modal one. Finally, several nonlinear models of the permittivity decrement are considered, and we predict that the concentration at dielectrophoretic saturation shifts to higher concentration than those obtained by the linear decrement model.

Yasuya Nakayama; David Andelman



Finite-size Domains in a Membrane with Two-state Active Inclusions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose a model that leads to the formation of non-equilibrium finite-size domains in a biological membrane. Our model considers the active conformational change of the inclusions and the coupling between inclusion density and membrane curvature. Two special cases with different interactions are studied by Monte Carlo simulations. In case (i) exited state inclusions prefer to aggregate. In case (ii) ground state inclusions prefer to aggregate. When the inclusion density is not coupled to the local membrane curvature, in case (i) the typical length scale ($\\sqrt{M}$) of the inclusion clusters shows weak dependence on the excitation rate ($K_{on}$) of the inclusions for a wide range of $K_{on}$ but increases fast when $K_{on}$ becomes sufficiently large; in case (ii) $\\sqrt{M}\\sim {K_{on}}^{-{1/3}}$ for a wide range of $K_{on}$. When the inclusion density is coupled to the local membrane curvature, the curvature coupling provides the upper limit of the inclusion clusters. In case (i) (case (ii)), the formation of the inclusions is suppressed when $K_{off}$ ($K_{on}$) is sufficiently large such that the ground state (excited state) inclusions do not have sufficient time to aggregate. We also find that the mobility of an inclusion in the membrane depends on inclusion-curvature coupling. Our study suggests possible mechanisms that produce finite-size domains in biological membranes.

Chien-Hsun Chen



On the Optimality of Finite Constellations from Algebraic Lattices  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A construction technique of finite point constellations in n-dimensional spaces from ideals in rings of algebraic integers is described. An algorithm is presented to find constellations with minimum average energy from a given lattice. For comparison, a numerical table of lattice constellations and group codes is computed for spaces of dimension two, three, and four.

J.Carmelo Interlando; Michele Elia; Trajano Pires da Nóbrega Neto



Shear viscosity of boost invariant plasma at finite coupling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We discuss string theory alpha' corrections in the dual description of the expanding boost invariant N=4 supersymmetric Yang-Mills plasma at strong coupling. We compute finite 't Hooft coupling corrections to the shear viscosity and find that it disagrees with the equilibrium correlation function computations. We comment on the possible source of the discrepancy.

Alex Buchel



Aspects of finite temperature field theories in Ads/CFT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this dissertation I study some properties of field theories at finite temperature using the AdS/CFT correspondence. I present a general proof of an "inheritance principle" satisfied by a weakly coupled SU(N) (or U(N)) ...

Brigante, Mauro



Neutron in a Strong Magnetic Field: Finite Volume Effects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate the neutron's response to magnetic fields on a torus with the aid of chiral perturbation theory, and expose effects from non-vanishing holonomies. The determination of such effects necessitates non-perturbative treatment of the magnetic field; and, to this end, a strong-field power counting is employed. Using a novel coordinate-space method, we find the neutron propagates in a coordinate-dependent effective potential that we obtain by integrating out charged pions winding around the torus. Knowledge of these finite volume effects will aid in the extraction of neutron properties from lattice QCD computations in external magnetic fields. In particular, we obtain finite volume corrections to the neutron magnetic moment and magnetic polarizability. These quantities have not been computed correctly in the literature. In addition to effects from non-vanishing holonomies, finite volume corrections depend on the magnetic flux quantum through an Aharonov-Bohm effect. We make a number of observations that demonstrate the importance of non-perturbative effects from strong magnetic fields currently employed in lattice QCD calculations. These observations concern neutron physics in both finite and infinite volume.

Brian C. Tiburzi




E-Print Network (OSTI)

by using standard Stokes elements like the MINI element or the Taylor­Hood element in the entire domain elements like the Taylor­Hood element or the MINI element for the Stokes region. The similar approach], to overcome this problem. This finite element space is defined with respect to a rectangular grid. On each

Winther, Ragnar



E-Print Network (OSTI)

FINITE ELEMENT METHOD IN FLUID MECHANICS & HEAT TRANSFER AERSP-560 Department : Aerospace element techniques to especially fluid flow and heat transfer problems. A student who successfully method and write full sized application codes for analyzing fluid flow and heat transfer problems

Camci, Cengiz


Dennis, Eberhart, Dulikravich & Radons FINITE ELEMENT SIMULATION OF COOLING  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

). The simulations performed in this study consider ice packs applied to head and neck as well as using a head-cooling1 Dennis, Eberhart, Dulikravich & Radons FINITE ELEMENT SIMULATION OF COOLING OF REALISTIC 3-D Rapid cooling of the brain in the first minutes following the onset of cerebral ischemia

Dennis, Brian


Pseudorandom number generators based on random covers for finite groups  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Pseudorandom number generators based on random covers for finite groups Pascal Marquardt Pavol describe a new approach for construct- ing pseudorandom number generators using random covers for large- ness of binary sequences generated from these generators. We successfully carry out an extensive test

Trung, Tran van


Testing Programmable Logic Controllers from Finite State Machines specification  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Testing Programmable Logic Controllers from Finite State Machines specification Julien Provost, on the basis of experiments, that execution of conformance tests of programmable logic controllers with minimum-length test sequences built from specifications in FSMs may yield spurious results. A new approach to build

Paris-Sud XI, Université de