National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for mesons light unflavored

  1. Conformal symmetry breaking and degeneracy of high-lying unflavored mesons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mariana Kirchbach; Adrian Pallares-Rivera; Cliffor Compean; Alfredo Raya

    2012-07-13

    We show that though conformal symmetry can be broken by the dilaton, such can happen without breaking the conformal degeneracy patterns in the spectra. We departure from R^1XS^3 slicing of AdS_5 noticing that the inverse radius, R, of S^3 relates to the temperature of the deconfinement phase transition and has to satisfy, \\hbar c/R >> \\Lambda_{QCD}. We then focus on the eigenvalue problem of the S^3 conformal Laplacian, given by 1/R^2 (K^2+1), with K^2 standing for the Casimir invariant of the so(4) algebra. Such a spectrum is characterized by a (K+1)^2 fold degeneracy of its levels, with K\\in [0,\\infty). We then break the conformal S^3 metric as, d\\tilde{s}^2=e^{-b\\chi} ((1+b^2/4) d\\chi^2 +\\sin^2\\chi (d\\theta ^2 +\\sin^2\\theta d\\varphi ^2)), and attribute the symmetry breaking scale, b\\hbar^2c^2/R^2, to the dilaton. We show that such a metric deformation is equivalent to a breaking of the conformal curvature of S^3 by a term proportional to b\\cot \\chi, and that the perturbed conformal Laplacian is equivalent to (\\tilde{K}^2 +c_K), with c_K a representation constant, and \\tilde{K}^2 being again an so(4) Casimir invariant, but this time in a representation unitarily inequivalent to the 4D rotational. In effect, the spectra before and after the symmetry breaking are determined each by eigenvalues of a Casimir invariant of an so(4) algebra, a reason for which the degeneracies remain unaltered though the conformal group symmetry breaks at the level of the representation of its algebra. We fit the S^3 radius and the \\hbar^2c^2b/R^2 scale to the high-lying excitations in the spectra of the unflavored mesons, and observe the correct tendency of the \\hbar c /R=373 MeV value to notably exceed \\Lambda_{QCD}. The size of the symmetry breaking scale is calculated as \\hbar c \\sqrt{b}/R=673.7 MeV.

  2. Light Vector Mesons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexander Milov

    2008-12-21

    This article reviews the current status of experimental results obtained in the measurement of light vector mesons produced in proton-proton and heavy ion collisions at different energies. The review is focused on two phenomena related to the light vector mesons; the modification of the spectral shape in search of Chiral symmetry restoration and suppression of the meson production in heavy ion collisions. The experimental results show that the spectral shape of light vector mesons are modified compared to the parameters measured in vacuum. The nature and the magnitude of the modification depends on the energy density of the media in which they are produced. The suppression patterns of light vector mesons are different from the measurements of other mesons and baryons. The mechanisms responsible for the suppression of the mesons are not yet understood. Systematic comparison of existing experimental results points to the missing data which may help to resolve the problem.

  3. Light Meson Distribution Amplitudes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. Arthur; P. A. Boyle; D. Brömmel; M. A. Donnellan; J. M. Flynn; A. Jüttner; H. Pedroso de Lima; T. D. Rae; C. T. Sachrajda; B. Samways

    2010-11-12

    We calculated the first two moments of the light-cone distribution amplitudes for the pseudoscalar mesons ($\\pi$ and $K$) and the longitudinally polarised vector mesons ($\\rho$, $K^*$ and $\\phi$) as part of the UKQCD and RBC collaborations' $N_f=2+1$ domain-wall fermion phenomenology programme. These quantities were obtained with a good precision and, in particular, the expected effects of $SU(3)$-flavour symmetry breaking were observed. Operators were renormalised non-perturbatively and extrapolations to the physical point were made, guided by leading order chiral perturbation theory. The main results presented are for two volumes, $16^3\\times 32$ and $24^3\\times 64$, with a common lattice spacing. Preliminary results for a lattice with a finer lattice spacing, $32^3\\times64$, are discussed and a first look is taken at the use of twisted boundary conditions to extract distribution amplitudes.

  4. The light meson spectroscopy program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Smith, Elton S.

    2014-06-01

    Recent discoveries of a number of unexpected new charmomium-like meson states at the BaBar and Belle B-factories have demonstrated how little is still known about meson spectroscopy. In this talk we will review recent highlights of the light quark spectroscopy from collider and fixed target experiments.

  5. Static-light meson-meson potentials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gunnar Bali; Martin Hetzenegger

    2010-11-02

    We investigate potentials between pairs of static-light mesons in Nf=2 Lattice QCD, in different spin channels. The question of attraction and repulsion is particularly interesting with respect to the X(3872) charmonium state and charged candidates such as the Z+(4430). We employ the nonperturbatively improved Sheikholeslami-Wohlert fermion and the Wilson gauge actions at a lattice spacing a approx. 0.084 fm and a pseudoscalar mass mPS approx. 760 MeV. We use stochastic all-to-all propagator techniques, improved by a hopping parameter expansion. The analysis is based on the variational method, utilizing various source and sink interpolators.

  6. Rare meson decays into very light neutralinos

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    O'Leary, Ben [Institut fuer Theoretische Physik, RWTH Aachen University, 52056 Aachen (Germany)

    2010-02-10

    Results are presented for the two-body decays of mesons into light neutralinos and from the first complete calculation of the loop-induced decays of kaons to pions plus light neutralinos and of B mesons to kaons plus light neutralinos. The branching ratios are shown to be strongly suppressed within the MSSM with minimal flavor violation, and no bounds on the neutralino mass can be inferred from experimental data, i.e. a massless neutralino is allowed.

  7. Exotic hybrid mesons with light quarks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Claude Bernard; Tom Blum; Thomas A. DeGrand; Carleton DeTar; Steven Gottlieb; Urs. M. Heller; Jim Hetrick; Craig McNeile; Kari Rummukainen; Bob Sugar; Doug Toussaint; Matt Wingate

    1996-07-12

    Hybrid mesons, made from a quark, an antiquark and gluons, can have quantum numbers inaccessible to conventional quark-antiquark states. Confirmation of such states would give information on the role of "dynamical" color in low energy QCD. We present preliminary results for hybrid meson masses using light Wilson valence quarks.

  8. Light Vector Mesons in the Nuclear Medium

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wood, Michael; Nasseripour, Rakhsha; Weygand, Dennis; Djalali, Chaden; Tur, Clarisse; Mosel, Ulrich; Muehlich, Pascal; Adams, Gary; Amaryan, Moscov; Amaryan, Moskov; Ambrozewicz, Pawel; Anghinolfi, Marco; Asryan, Gegham; Avagyan, Harutyun; Baghdasaryan, Hovhannes; Baillie, Nathan; Ball, James; Baltzell, Nathan; Barrow, Steve; Battaglieri, Marco; Bedlinskiy, Ivan; Bektasoglu, Mehmet; Bellis, Matthew; Benmouna, Nawal; Berman, Barry; Biselli, Angela; Blaszczyk, Lukasz; Bouchigny, Sylvain; Boyarinov, Sergey; Bradford, Robert; Branford, Derek; Briscoe, William; Brooks, William; Burkert, Volker; Butuceanu, Cornel; Calarco, John; Careccia, Sharon; Carman, Daniel; Carnahan, Bryan; Casey, Liam; Chen, Shifeng; Cheng, Lu; Cole, Philip; Collins, Patrick; Coltharp, Philip; Crabb, Donald; Crannell, Hall; Crede, Volker; Cummings, John; Dashyan, Natalya; De Vita, Raffaella; De Sanctis, Enzo; Degtiarenko, Pavel; Denizli, Haluk; Dennis, Lawrence; Deur, Alexandre; Dharmawardane, Kahanawita; Dickson, Richard; Dodge, Gail; Doughty, David; Dugger, Michael; Dytman, Steven; Dzyubak, Oleksandr; Egiyan, Hovanes; Egiyan, Kim; Elfassi, Lamiaa; Elouadrhiri, Latifa; Eugenio, Paul; Fedotov, Gleb; Feldman, Gerald; Feuerbach, Robert; Fradi, Ahmed; Funsten, Herbert; Garcon, Michel; Gavalian, Gagik; Gilfoyle, Gerard; Giovanetti, Kevin; Girod, Francois-Xavier; Goetz, John; Gordon, Christopher; Gothe, Ralf; Griffioen, Keith; Guidal, Michel; Guler, Nevzat; Guo, Lei; Gyurjyan, Vardan; Hadjidakis, Cynthia; Hafidi, Kawtar; Hakobyan, Hayk; Hakobyan, Rafael; Hanretty, Charles; Hardie, John; Hassall, Neil; Hersman, F.; Hicks, Kenneth; Hleiqawi, Ishaq; Holtrop, Maurik; Hyde, Charles; Ilieva, Yordanka; Ireland, David; Ishkhanov, Boris; Isupov, Evgeny; Ito, Mark; Jenkins, David; Jo, Hyon-Suk; Johnstone, John; Joo, Kyungseon; Juengst, Henry; Kalantarians, Narbe; Kellie, James; Khandaker, Mahbubul; Khetarpal, Puneet; Kim, Wooyoung; Klein, Andreas; Klein, Franz; Klimenko, Alexei; Kossov, Mikhail; Krahn, Zebulun; Kramer, Laird; Kubarovsky, Valery; Kuhn, Joachim; Kuhn, Sebastian; Kuleshov, Sergey; Lachniet, Jeff; Laget, Jean; Langheinrich, Jorn; Lawrence, David; Li, Ji; Livingston, Kenneth; Lu, Haiyun; MacCormick, Marion; Markov, Nikolai; Mattione, Paul; McAleer, Simeon; McKinnon, Bryan; McNabb, John; Mecking, Bernhard; Mehrabyan, Surik; Melone, Joseph; Mestayer, Mac; Meyer, Curtis; Mibe, Tsutomu; Mikhaylov, Konstantin; Minehart, Ralph; Mirazita, Marco; Miskimen, Rory; Mokeev, Viktor; Moriya, Kei; Morrow, Steven; Moteabbed, Maryam; Mueller, James; Munevar Espitia, Edwin; Mutchler, Gordon; Nadel-Turonski, Pawel; Niccolai, Silvia; Niculescu, Gabriel; Niculescu, Maria-Ioana; Niczyporuk, Bogdan; Niroula, Megh; Niyazov, Rustam; Nozar, Mina; Osipenko, Mikhail; Ostrovidov, Alexander; Park, Kijun; Pasyuk, Evgueni; Paterson, Craig; Pereira, Sergio; Pierce, Joshua; Pivnyuk, Nikolay; Pocanic, Dinko; Pogorelko, Oleg; Pozdnyakov, Sergey; Preedom, Barry; Price, John; Prok, Yelena; Protopopescu, Dan; Raue, Brian; Riccardi, Gregory; Ricco, Giovanni; Ripani, Marco; Ritchie, Barry; Ronchetti, Federico; Rosner, Guenther; Rossi, Patrizia; Sabatie, Franck; Salamanca, Julian; Salgado, Carlos; Santoro, Joseph; Sapunenko, Vladimir; Schumacher, Reinhard; Serov, Vladimir; Sharabian, Youri; Sharov, Dmitri; Shvedunov, Nikolay; Smith, Elton; Smith, Lee; Sober, Daniel; Sokhan, Daria; Stavinsky, Aleksey; Stepanyan, Stepan; Stepanyan, Samuel; Stokes, Burnham; Stoler, Paul; Strakovski, Igor; Strauch, Steffen; Taiuti, Mauro; Tedeschi, David; Tkabladze, Avtandil; Tkachenko, Svyatoslav; Todor, Luminita; Ungaro, Maurizio; Vineyard, Michael; Vlassov, Alexander; Watts, Daniel; Weinstein, Lawrence; Williams, Michael; Wolin, Elliott; Yegneswaran, Amrit; Zana, Lorenzo; Zhang, Bin; Zhang, Jixie; Zhao, Bo; Zhao, Zhiwen

    2008-07-01

    The light vector mesons ($\\rho$, $\\omega$, and $\\phi$) were produced in deuterium, carbon, titanium, and iron targets in a search for possible in-medium modifications to the properties of the $\\rho$ meson at normal nuclear densities and zero temperature. The vector mesons were detected with the CEBAF Large Acceptance Spectrometer (CLAS) via their decays to $e^{+}e^{-}$. The rare leptonic decay was chosen to reduce final-state interactions. A combinatorial background was subtracted from the invariant mass spectra using a well-established event-mixing technique. The $\\rho$ meson mass spectrum was extracted after the $\\omega$ and $\\phi$ signals were removed in a nearly model-independent way. Comparisons were made between the $\\rho$ mass spectra from the heavy targets ($A > 2$) with the mass spectrum extracted from the deuterium target. With respect to the $\\rho$-meson mass, we obtain a small shift compatible with zero. Also, we measure widths consistent with standard nuclear many-body eff

  9. Rare meson decays into very light neutralinos

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dreiner, H. K.; Grab, S.; Koschade, Daniel; Kraemer, M.; O'Leary, Ben; Langenfeld, Ulrich [Bethe Center for Theoretical Physics and Physikalisches Institut der Universitaet Bonn, Nussallee 12, 53115 Bonn (Germany); Institut fuer Theoretische Physik, RWTH Aachen University, 52056 Aachen, Germany and Centre for Research in String Theory, Department of Physics, Queen Mary, University of London, E1 4NS London (United Kingdom); Institut fuer Theoretische Physik, RWTH Aachen University, 52056 Aachen (Germany); DESY, Platanenallee 6, D-15738 Zeuthen (Germany)

    2009-08-01

    We investigate the bounds on the mass of the lightest neutralino from rare meson decays within the minimal supersymmetric standard model (MSSM) with and without minimal flavor violation. We present explicit formulas for the two-body decays of mesons into light neutralinos and perform the first complete calculation of the loop-induced decays of kaons to pions and light neutralinos and B mesons to kaons and light neutralinos. We find that the supersymmetric branching ratios are strongly suppressed within the MSSM with minimal flavor violation, and that no bounds on the neutralino mass can be inferred from experimental data, i.e., a massless neutralino is allowed. The branching ratios for kaon and B meson decays into light neutralinos may, however, be enhanced when one allows for nonminimal flavor violation. We find new constraints on the MSSM parameter space for such scenarios and discuss prospects for future kaon and B meson experiments. Finally, we comment on the search for light neutralinos in monojet signatures at the Tevatron and at the LHC.

  10. Light Meson Dynamics Workshop. Mini proceedings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. Bijnens; R. Escribano; S. Fang; S. Giovannella; W. Gradl; C. Hanhart; B. Kubis. S. Leupold; M. F. M. Lutz; P. Masjuan; B. Moussallam; A. Neiser; E. Oset; M. Ostrick; J. R. Pelaez; S. Scherer; A. Švarc; M. Unverzagt; R. Wanke; M. Wolke

    2014-03-31

    The mini-proceedings of the Light Meson Dynamics Workshop held in Mainz from February 10th to 12th, 2014, are presented. The web page of the conference, which contains all talks, can be found at https://indico.cern.ch/event/287442/overview .

  11. Static-light meson masses from twisted mass lattice QCD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Static-light meson masses from twisted mass lattice QCD Karl Jansen, Chris Michael, Andrea Shindler of Groningen. · Spain: University of Valencia. · Switzerland: University of Bern. Marc Wagner, "Static-light meson masses from twisted mass lattice QCD", July 16, 2008 #12;Introduction · Static-light meson

  12. Photoproduction and Decay of Light Mesons in CLAS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Amaryan, Moskov Jamalovich

    2013-08-01

    We present preliminary experimental results on photoproduction and decay of light mesons measured with CLAS setup at JLAB . This include Dalitz decay of pseudoscalar and vector mesons, radiative decay of pseudoscalar mesons as well hadronic decays of pseudoscalar and vector mesons. The collected high statistics in some of decay channels exceeds the world data by an order of magnitude and some other decay modes are observed for the first time. It is shown how the CLAS data will improve the world data on transition form factors of light mesons, Dalitz plot analyses, branching ratios of rare decay modes and other fundamental properties potentially accessible through the light meson decays.

  13. Meson structure in light-front holographic QCD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rohit Swarnkar; Dipankar Chakrabarti

    2015-07-06

    We consider the light-front holographic QCD with the light-front wave functions for mesons, modified for massive quarks. We evaluate the wave functions, distribution amplitudes, and form factors for $\\pi$, $\\rho$, $K$, and $J/\\psi$ mesons and photon-to-meson transition form factors for $\\pi$, $\\eta$, and $\\eta^\\prime$. The results are compared with the experimental data, wherever available.

  14. Static-light meson masses from twisted mass lattice QCD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ETM Collaboration; Karl Jansen; Chris Michael; Andrea Shindler; Marc Wagner

    2008-08-15

    We compute the static-light meson spectrum using two-flavor Wilson twisted mass lattice QCD. We have considered five different values for the light quark mass corresponding to 300 MeV < m_PS < 600 MeV. We have extrapolated our results, to make predictions regarding the spectrum of B and B_s mesons.

  15. Hydrogen like classification for light nonstrange mesons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. S. Afonin

    2008-09-09

    The recent experimental results on the spectrum of highly excited light nonstrange mesons are known to reveal a high degree of degeneracy among different groups of states. We revise some suggestions about the nature of the phenomenon and put the relevant ideas into the final shape. The full group of approximate mass degeneracies is argued to be $SU(2)_f\\times I\\times O(4)$, where $I$ is the degeneracy of isosinglets and isotriplets and O(4) is the degeneracy group of the relativistic hydrogen atom. We discuss the dynamical origin and consequences of considered symmetry with a special emphasis on distinctions of this symmetry from the so-called chiral symmetry restoration scenario.

  16. Heavy-light meson spectrum with and without NRQCD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Randy Lewis; R. M. Woloshyn

    2000-10-02

    Results for the spectrum of S and P-wave charmed mesons are obtained in the quenched approximation from a tadpole-improved anisotropic gauge field action and a D234 quark action. This is compared to the spectrum obtained from an NRQCD charm quark and a D234 light antiquark. NRQCD results for bottom mesons are also discussed.

  17. Light meson emission in (anti)proton induced reactions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    E. A. Kuraev; E. S. Kokoulina; E. Tomasi-Gustafsson

    2015-03-07

    Reactions induced by high energy antiprotons on proton on nuclei are accompanied with large probability by the emission of a few mesons. Interesting phenomena can be observed and QCD tests can be performed, through the detection of one or more mesons. The collinear emission from high energy (anti)proton beams of a hard pion or vector meson, can be calculated similarly to the emission of a hard photon from an electron \\cite{Kuraev:2013izz}. This is a well known process in QED, and it is called the "Quasi-Real Electron method", where the incident particle is an electron and a hard photon is emitted leaving an 'almost on shell' electron impinging on the target \\cite{Baier:1973ms}. Such process is well known as Initial State Emission (ISR) method of scanning over incident energy, and can be used, in the hadron case, to produce different kind of particles in similar kinematical conditions. In case of emission of a charged light meson, $\\pi$ or $\\rho$-meson, in proton-proton(anti-proton) collisions, the meson can be deviated in a magnetic field and detected. The collinear emission (along the beam direction) of a charged meson may be used to produce high energy (anti)neutron beams. This can be very useful to measure the difference of the cross sections of (anti)proton and (anti)neutron scattering from the target and may open the way for checking sum rules with antiparticles. Hard meson emission allows also to enhance the cross section when the energy loss from one of the incident particles lowers the total energy up to the mass of a resonance. The cross section can be calculated, on the basis of factorized formulas, where the probability of emission of the light mesons multiplies the cross section of the sub-process. Multiplicity distributions for neutral and charged meson production are also given.

  18. Introducing light vector and axial vector mesons in the union of chiral and heavy quark symmetries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kamal, A.N.; Xu, Q.P. (Theoretical Physics Institute and Department of Physics, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, T6G 2J1 (Canada))

    1994-02-01

    We introduce light vector and axial vector mesons as gauge particles in a (broken) local SU[sub [ital L

  19. Static-light mesons on a dynamical anisotropic lattice

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Justin Foley; Alan O Cais; Mike Peardon; Sinead M Ryan

    2006-10-09

    We present results for the spectrum of static-light mesons from Nf=2 lattice QCD. These results were obtained using all-to-all light quark propagators on an anisotropic lattice, yielding an improved signal resolution when compared to more conventional lattice techniques. In particular, we consider the inversion of orbitally-excited multiplets with respect to the `standard ordering', which has been predicted by some quark models.

  20. Light-Cone Distribution Amplitudes for the Light $1^1P_1$ Mesons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kwei-Chou Yang

    2005-10-27

    We present a study of light-cone distribution amplitudes of the light $1^1P_1$ mesons. The first few Gegenbauer moments of leading twist light-cone distribution amplitudes are calculated by using the QCD sum rule technique.

  1. Matrix elements of heavy-light mesons from a fine lattice

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Ali Khan; A. Al-Haydari; V. Braun; S. Collins; M. Goeckeler; G. N. Lacagnina; M. Panero; A. Schaefer; G. Schierholz

    2009-01-07

    Results on semileptonic decay matrix elements of heavy-light mesons and charmonium spectrum and decay constant using a fine quenched lattice are presented.

  2. Conformal symmetry breaking and degeneracy of high-lying unflavored mesons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kirchbach, Mariana; Compean, Cliffor; Raya, Alfredo

    2012-01-01

    We show that though conformal symmetry can be broken by the dilaton, such can happen without breaking the conformal degeneracy patterns in the spectra. We departure from S^1XS^3 slicing of AdS_5 noticing that the inverse radius, R, of S^3 relates to the temperature of the deconfinement phase transition and has to satisfy, \\hbar c/R >> \\Lambda_{QCD}. We then focus on the eigenvalue problem of the S^3 conformal Laplacian, given by 1/R^2 (K^2+1), with K^2 standing for the Casimir invariant of the so(4) algebra. Such a spectrum is characterized by a (K+1)^2 fold degeneracy of its levels, with K\\in [0,\\infty). We then break the conformal S^3 metric as, d\\tilde{s}^2=e^{-b\\chi} ((1+b^2) d\\chi^2 +\\sin^2\\chi (d\\theta ^2 +\\sin^2\\theta d\\varphi ^2)), and attribute the symmetry breaking scale, b\\hbar^2c^2/R^2, to the dilaton. We show that such a metric deformation is equivalent to a breaking of the conformal curvature of S^3 by a term proportional to b\\cot \\chi, and that the perturbed conformal Laplacian is equivalent to...

  3. O(1/M^3) effects for heavy-light mesons in lattice NRQCD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Randy Lewis; R. M. Woloshyn

    1998-05-30

    The masses of spin-singlet and spin-triplet S-wave mesons containing a single heavy quark are computed in the quenched approximation. The light quark action and gauge field action are both classically-improved and tadpole-improved, and the couplings to the heavy quark are organized by the 1/M expansion of tadpole-improved NRQCD. At each of two lattice spacings, near 0.22fm and 0.26fm, meson masses are obtained for heavy quarks spanning the region between charmed and bottom mesons. Results up to O(1/M), O(1/M^2) and O(1/M^3) are displayed separately, so that the convergence of the heavy quark expansion can be discussed. Also, the effect of each term in the O(1/M^3) contribution is computed individually. For bottom mesons the 1/M-expansion appears to be satisfactory, but the situation for charmed mesons is less clear.

  4. The static-light meson spectrum from twisted mass lattice QCD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ETM Collaboration; Karl Jansen; Chris Michael; Andrea Shindler; Marc Wagner

    2008-10-10

    We compute the static-light meson spectrum with N_f = 2 flavours of sea quarks using Wilson twisted mass lattice QCD. We consider five different values for the light quark mass corresponding to 300 MeV < m_PS < 600 MeV and we present results for angular momentum j = 1/2, j = 3/2 and j = 5/2 and for parity P = + and P = -. We extrapolate our results to physical quark masses and make predictions regarding the spectrum of B and B_s mesons.

  5. Neutral $B$ meson mixings and $B$ meson decay constants with static heavy and domain-wall light quarks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yasumichi Aoki; Tomomi Ishikawa; Taku Izubuchi; Christoph Lehner; Amarjit Soni

    2015-06-29

    Neutral $B$ meson mixing matrix elements and $B$ meson decay constants are calculated. Static approximation is used for $b$ quark and domain-wall fermion formalism is employed for light quarks. The calculations are carried out on $2+1$ flavor dynamical ensembles generated by RBC/UKQCD Collaborations with lattice spacings $0.086$fm ($a^{-1}\\sim 2.3$GeV) and $0.11$fm ($1.7$GeV), and a fixed physical spatial volume of about $(2.7{\\rm fm})^3$. In the static quark action, link-smearings are used to improve the signal-to-noise ratio. We employ two kinds of link-smearings, HYP1 and HYP2, and their results are combined in taking the continuum limit. For the matching between the lattice and the continuum theory, one-loop perturbative $O(a)$ improvements are made to reduce discretization errors. As the most important quantity of this work, we obtain SU(3) breaking ratio $\\xi=1.208(60)$, where the error includes statistical and systematic one. (Uncertainty from infinite $b$ quark mass is not included.) We also find other neutral $B$ meson mixing quantities $f_B\\sqrt{\\hat{B}_B}=240(22)$MeV, $f_{B_s}\\sqrt{\\hat{B}_{B_s}}=290(22)$MeV, $\\hat{B}_B=1.17(22)$, $\\hat{B}_{B_s}=1.22(13)$ and $B_{B_s}/B_B=1.028(74)$, $B$ meson decay constants $f_B=219(17)$MeV, $f_{B_s}=264(19)$MeV and $f_{B_s}/f_B=1.193(41)$, in the static limit of $b$ quark, which do not include infinite $b$ quark mass uncertainty.

  6. Superconformal Baryon-Meson Symmetry and Light-Front Holographic QCD

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Dosch, Hans Guenter; de Teramond, Guy F.; Brodsky, Stanley J.

    2015-04-10

    We construct an effective QCD light-front Hamiltonian for both mesons and baryons in the chiral limit based on the generalized supercharges of a superconformal graded algebra. The superconformal construction is shown to be equivalent to a semi-classical approximation to light-front QCD and its embedding in AdS space. The specific breaking of conformal invariance inside the graded algebra uniquely determines the effective confinement potential. The generalized supercharges connect the baryon and meson spectra to each other in a remarkable manner. In particular, the ?/b1 Regge trajectory is identified as the superpartner of the nucleon trajectory. However, the lowest-lying state on thismore »trajectory, the ?-meson is massless in the chiral limit and has no supersymmetric partner.« less

  7. Strong coupling constants of heavy baryons with light mesons in QCD

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aliev, T. M.; Azizi, K.; Savci, M.

    2012-10-23

    The strong coupling constants of the heavy spin-1/2 and spin-3/2 baryons with light pseudoscalar and vector mesons are calculated in the framework of the light cone QCD sum rules. Using the symmetry arguments, some structure independent relations among different correlation functions are obtained. It is shown that all possible transitions are described by only one invariant function, whose explicit expression is structure dependent.

  8. On the efficiency of stochastic volume sources for the determination of light meson masses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    E. Endress; A. Jüttner; H. Wittig

    2011-11-25

    We investigate the efficiency of single timeslice stochastic sources for the calculation of light meson masses on the lattice as one varies the quark mass. Simulations are carried out with Nf = 2 flavours of non-perturbatively O(a) improved Wilson fermions for pion masses in the range of 450 - 760 MeV. Results for pseudoscalar and vector meson two-point correlation functions computed using stochastic as well as point sources are presented and compared. At fixed computational cost the stochastic approach reduces the variance considerably in the pseudoscalar channel for all simulated quark masses. The vector channel is more affected by the intrinsic stochastic noise. In order to obtain stable estimates of the statistical errors and a more pronounced plateau for the effective vector meson mass, a relatively large number of stochastic sources must be used.

  9. P-wave heavy-light mesons using NRQCD and D234

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Randy Lewis; R. M. Woloshyn

    1999-09-13

    The masses of S- and P-wave heavy-light mesons are computed in quenched QCD using a classically and tadpole-improved action on anisotropic lattices. Of particular interest are the splittings among P-wave states, which have not yet been resolved experimentally; even the ordering of these states continues to be discussed in the literature. The present work leads to upper bounds for these splittings, and is suggestive, but not conclusive, about the ordering.

  10. Photoproduction of eta-mesons from light nuclei

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. Krusche

    2003-04-02

    In a series of experiments coherent and quasifree eta-photoproduction from light nuclei (4He, 3He, 2H) was investigated with the TAPS-detector at the Mainz MAMI-accelerator. The experiments were motivated by two different subjects: the determination of the isospin structure of the electromagnetic excitation of the S11(1535) resonance and the study of the eta-nucleon and eta-nucleus interaction at small momenta. The results for the deuteron and 4He are summarized and first preliminary results for 3He are presented.

  11. Decay constants of heavy-light vector mesons from QCD sum rules

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patrick Gelhausen; Alexander Khodjamirian; Alexei A. Pivovarov; Denis Rosenthal

    2015-03-27

    We revisit QCD sum rules for the decay constants of heavy-light mesons. In the sum rules for the vector mesons B^*_(s) and D^*_(s) we improve the accuracy of OPE, taking into account the O(alpha_s^2) terms in the perturbative part and calculating the O(alpha_s) corrections to the quark-condensate contribution. With this accuracy, we obtain the ratios of decay constants: f_B^*/f_B=1.02 +0.07 -0.03, f_D^*/f_D=1.20 +0.10 -0.07. The sum rule predictions for the decay constants of pseudoscalar mesons are updated with the results f_B=(207 +17 -9) MeV, f_B_s=(242 +17 -12) MeV, f_D=(201 +12 -13) MeV, f_D_s=(238 +13 -23) MeV. In order to assess the sensitivity of our calculation to the form of the sum rule, we consider alternative versions such as the power moments and Borel sum rules with different weights of the spectral density. We also investigated the heavy quark limit of the sum rules for vector and pseudoscalar mesons, estimating the violations of the heavy-quark spin and flavour symmetry.

  12. S and P-wave heavy-light mesons in lattice NRQCD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Randy Lewis; R. M. Woloshyn

    2000-10-02

    The mass spectrum of S and P-wave mesons containing a single heavy quark is computed in the quenched approximation, using NRQCD up to third order in the inverse heavy quark mass expansion. Previous results found third order contributions which are as large in magnitude as the total second order contribution for the charmed S-wave spin splitting. The present work considers variations such as anisotropic lattices, Landau link tadpole improvement, and a highly-improved light quark action, and finds that the second order correction to the charmed S-wave spin splitting is about 20% of the leading order contribution, while the third order correction is about 20%(10%) for D^*-D(D_s^*-D_s). Nonleading corrections are very small for the bottom meson spectrum, and are statistically insignificant for the P-wave charmed masses. The relative orderings among P-wave charmed and bottom mesons, and the sizes of the mass splittings, are discussed in light of experimental data and existing calculations.

  13. Quarkonia and heavy-light mesons in a covariant quark model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leitão, Sofia; Peña, M T; Biernat, Elmar P

    2015-01-01

    Preliminary calculations using the Covariant Spectator Theory (CST) employed a scalar linear confining interaction and an additional constant vector potential to compute the mesonic mass spectra. In this work we generalize the confining interaction to include more general structures, in particular a vector and also a pseudoscalar part, as suggested by a recent study. A one-gluon-exchange kernel is also implemented to describe the short-range part of the interaction. We solve the simplest CST approximation to the complete Bethe-Salpeter equation, the one-channel spectator equation, using a numerical technique that eliminates all singularities from the kernel. The parameters of the model are determined through a fit to the experimental pseudoscalar meson spectra, with a good agreement for both quarkonia and heavy-light states.

  14. Photoproduction of Mesons off Light Nuclei -- the Search for ?-Mesic Nuclei

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. Krusche; F. Pheron; Y. Magrbhi

    2010-11-03

    Photoproduction of \\eta mesons off light nuclei (d, 3He, 7Li) has been measured at the tagged photon beam of the Mainz MAMI accelerator with the combined Crystal Ball/TAPS detection system. Special attention was given to the threshold behavior of the reactions in view of possible indications for the formation of (quasi-) bound \\eta -nucleus states, so-called \\eta -mesic nuclei. A very strong threshold enhancement of coherent \\eta photoproduction off 3He was found and coherent \\eta photoproduction off 7Li was observed for the first time. Preliminary results will be discussed.

  15. Light pseudoscalar meson masses and decay constants from mixed action lattice QCD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Christopher Aubin; Jack Laiho; Ruth S. Van de Water

    2008-10-23

    We calculate the light pseudoscalar decay constants, f_pi and f_K, and their ratio using domain wall valence quarks and 2+1 flavors of dynamical staggered quarks. Use of the MILC gauge configurations allows us to simulate at several sea quark masses and spatial volumes, and with two lattice spacings. We study how well our numerical lattice data for light decay constants and meson masses is described by next-to-leading order SU(3) mixed action chiral perturbation theory and explain our strategy for the chiral and continuum extrapolation. Combining our result for f_K/f_pi with experimental measurements of pion and kaon leptonic decays allows a model-independent determination of |V_us|/|V_ud|; we find a preliminary value of |V_us|/|V_ud| = 0.2315(45)(7).

  16. Interactions of Charmed Mesons with Light Pseudoscalar Mesons from Lattice QCD and Implications on the Nature of the D?s0(2317)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liuming, Liu; Orginos, Kostas; Guo, Feng-Kun; Hanhart, Christoph; Meissner, Ulf-G.

    2014-11-01

    We study the scattering of light pseudoscalar mesons ( p , K ) off charmed mesons ( D , D s ) in full lattice QCD. The S -wave scattering lengths are calculated using Lüscher’s finite volume tech- nique. We use a relativistic formulation for the charm quark. For the light quark, we use domain- wall fermions in the valence sector and improved Kogut-Susskind sea quarks. We calculate the scattering lengths of isospin-3/2 D p , D s p , D s K , isospin-0 D ? K and isospin-1 D ? K channels on the lattice. For the chiral extrapolation, we use a chiral unitary approach to next-to-leading order, which at the same time allows us to give predictions for other channels. It turns out that our results support the interpretation of the D s 0 ( 2317 ) as a DK molecule. At the same time, we also update a prediction for the isospin breaking hadronic decay width G ( D s 0 ( 2317 ) ! D s p ) to ( 133 22 ) keV.

  17. Measurements of the meson-photon transition form factors of light pseudoscalar mesons at large momentum transfer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ammar, Raymond G.; Baringer, Philip S.; Bean, Alice; Besson, David Zeke; Coppage, Don; Darling, C.; Davis, Robin E. P.; Hancock, N.; Kotov, S.; Kravchenko, I.; Kwak, Nowhan

    1998-01-01

    . Gollin, R. M. Hans, E. Johnson, I. Karliner, M. A. Marsh, M. Palmer, M. Selen, and J. J. Thaler University of Illinois, Champaign-Urbana, Illinois 61801 K. W. Edwards Carleton University, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada K1S 5B6 and the Institute of Particle... is defined in terms of the transition form factors F g*gR(Q2). In the case of pseudoscalar mesons there is only one form factor. At zero momentum transfer this form factor is expressed as uF g*gR~0 !u 2 5 1 ~ 4pa!2 64pG ~ R!gg! MR 3 , ~4! where a is the QED...

  18. Neutral B-meson mixing from unquenched lattice QCD with domain-wall light quarks and static b-quarks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Conrado Albertus; Yasumichi Aoki; Peter A. Boyle; Norman H. Christ; Thomas T. Dumitrescu; Jonathan M. Flynn; Tomomi Ishikawa; Taku Izubuchi; Oleg Loktik; Christopher T. Sachrajda; Amarjit Soni; Ruth S. Van de Water; Jan Wennekers; Oliver Witzel

    2010-01-12

    We demonstrate a method for calculating the neutral B-meson decay constants and mixing matrix elements in unquenched lattice QCD with domain-wall light quarks and static b-quarks. Our computation is performed on the "2+1" flavor gauge configurations generated by the RBC and UKQCD Collaborations with a lattice spacing of a approx 0.11 fm (a^-1 = 1.729 GeV) and a lattice spatial volume of approximately (1.8 fm)^3. We simulate at three different light sea quark masses with pion masses down to approximately 430 MeV, and extrapolate to the physical quark masses using a phenomenologically-motivated fit function based on next-to-leading order heavy-light meson SU(2) chiral perturbation theory. For the b-quarks, we use an improved formulation of the Eichten-Hill action with static link-smearing to increase the signal-to-noise ratio. We also improve the heavy-light axial current used to compute the B-meson decay constant to O(alpha_s p a) using one-loop lattice perturbation theory. We present initial results for the SU(3)-breaking ratios f_{B_s}/f_{B_d} and xi = f_{B_s} sqrt{B_{B_s}}/f_{B_d} sqrt{B_{B_d}}, thereby demonstrating the viability of the method. For the ratio of decay constants, we find f_{B_s}/f_{B_d} = 1.15(12) and for the ratio of mixing matrix elements, we find xi = 1.13(12), where in both cases the errors reflect the combined statistical and systematic uncertainties, including an estimate of the size of neglected O(1/m_b) effects.

  19. The bound state corrections to the semileptonic decays of the B meson. The light-front approach versus ACM model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    I. L. Grach; P. Yu. Kulikov; I. M. Narodetskii

    2001-05-21

    A generalization of the parton-like formula is used for the first time to find the differential distributions in the inclusive semileptonic weak decays of the B meson. The main features of this new approach are the treatment of the b-quark as an on-mass-shell particle and the inclusion of the effects arising from the b-quark transverse motion in the B-meson. Using the b-quark light-front (LF) distribution function related to the equal time momentum wave function taken from the ACM model we compute the electron energy spectra and the total semileptonic widths of the B meson. We find an impressive agreement between the electron energy spectra calculated in the LF approach and the ones obtained in the ACM model, provided the b quark mass is identified with the average of the floating b quark mass in the ACM model. In spite of the simplicity of the model we obtain a fair good description of the CLEO data for V_{cb}=0.042.

  20. 2+1 Flavour Domain Wall QCD: light meson spectrum, leptonic decays and neutral kaon mixing 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Antonio, David J

    2008-01-01

    We study light hadron phenomenology using Lattice QCD. We focus on the calculations of the light pseudoscalar quantities: masses, decay constants and B-parameters; in particular the calculation of the Kaon B-parameter, ...

  1. Hybrid Mesons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C. A. Meyer; E. S. Swanson

    2015-03-04

    A review of the theoretical and experimental status of hybrid hadrons is presented. The states $\\pi_1(1400)$, $\\pi_1(1600)$, and $\\pi_1(2015)$ are thoroughly reviewed, along with experimental results from GAMS, VES, Obelix, COMPASS, KEK, CLEO, Crystal Barrel, CLAS, and BNL. Theoretical lattice results on the gluelump spectrum, adiabatic potentials, heavy and light hybrids, and transition matrix elements are discussed. These are compared with bag, string, flux tube, and constituent gluon models. Strong and electromagnetic decay models are described and compared to lattice gauge theory results. We conclude that while good evidence for the existence of a light isovector exotic meson exists, its confirmation as a hybrid meson awaits discovery of its iso-partners. We also conclude that lattice gauge theory rules out a number of hybrid models and provides a reference to judge the success of others.

  2. Light vector meson photoproduction in hadron-hadron and nucleus-nucleus collisions at the energies available at the CERN Large Hadron Collider

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. Sampaio dos Santos; M. V. T. Machado

    2015-01-30

    In this work we analyse the theoretical uncertainties on the predictions for the photoproduction of light vector mesons in coherent pp, pA and AA collisions at the LHC energies using the color dipole approach. In particular, we present our predictions for the rapidity distribution for rh0 and phi photoproduction and perform an analysis on the uncertainties associated to the choice of vector meson wavefunctionand the phenomenological models for the dipole cross section. Comparison is done with the recent ALICE analysis on coherent production of rho at 2.76 TeV in PbPb collisions.

  3. Hybrid Mesons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bernhard Ketzer

    2012-08-25

    The SU(3)_flavor constituent quark model has been quite successful to explain the properties as well as the observed spectrum of mesons with pseudoscalar and vector quantum numbers. Many radial and orbital excitations of quark-antiquark systems predicted by the model, however, have not yet been observed experimentally or assigned unambiguously. In addition, a much richer spectrum of mesons is expected from QCD, in which quarks interact which each other through the exchange of colored self-interacting gluons. Owing to this particular structure of QCD, configurations are allowed in which an excited gluonic field contributes to the quantum numbers J^{PC} of the meson. States with a valence color-octet qqbar' pair neutralized in color by an excited gluon field are termed hybrids. The observation of such states, however, is difficult because they will mix with ordinary qqbar' states with the same quantum numbers, merely augmenting the observed spectrum for a given J^{PC}. Since the gluonic field may carry quantum numbers other than 0^{++}, however, this can give rise to states with "exotic" quantum numbers J^{PC}=0^{--}, 0^{+-}, 1^{-+}, 2^{+-},... The lowest-lying hybrid multiplet is expected to contain a state with exotic quantum numbers J^{PC}=1^{-+}. The identification of such a state is considered a "smoking gun" for the observation of non-qqbar mesons. The search for hybrid states has been a central goal of hadron spectroscopy in the last 20 years. Ongoing and upcoming high-statistics experiments are expected to shed new light on the existence of such states in nature. In this paper, theoretical predictions for masses and decay modes as well as recent experimental evidence for hybrid meson states and future experimental directions are discussed.

  4. B-meson decay constants from 2+1-flavor lattice QCD with domain-wall light quarks and relativistic heavy quarks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Norman H. Christ; Jonathan M. Flynn; Taku Izubuchi; Taichi Kawanai; Christoph Lehner; Amarjit Soni; Ruth S. Van de Water; Oliver Witzel

    2015-02-02

    We calculate the B-meson decay constants f_B, f_Bs, and their ratio in unquenched lattice QCD using domain-wall light quarks and relativistic b-quarks. We use gauge-field ensembles generated by the RBC and UKQCD collaborations using the domain-wall fermion action and Iwasaki gauge action with three flavors of light dynamical quarks. We analyze data at two lattice spacings of a ~ 0.11, 0.086 fm with unitary pion masses as light as M_pi ~ 290 MeV; this enables us to control the extrapolation to the physical light-quark masses and continuum. For the b-quarks we use the anisotropic clover action with the relativistic heavy-quark interpretation, such that discretization errors from the heavy-quark action are of the same size as from the light-quark sector. We renormalize the lattice heavy-light axial-vector current using a mostly nonperturbative method in which we compute the bulk of the matching factor nonperturbatively, with a small correction, that is close to unity, in lattice perturbation theory. We also improve the lattice heavy-light current through O(alpha_s a). We extrapolate our results to the physical light-quark masses and continuum using SU(2) heavy-meson chiral perturbation theory, and provide a complete systematic error budget. We obtain f_B0 = 199.5(12.6) MeV, f_B+ = 195.6(14.9) MeV, f_Bs = 235.4(12.2) MeV, f_Bs/f_B0 = 1.197(50), and f_Bs/f_B+ = 1.223(71), where the errors are statistical and total systematic added in quadrature. These results are in good agreement with other published results and provide an important independent cross check of other three-flavor determinations of $B$-meson decay constants using staggered light quarks.

  5. Charmed and light pseudoscalar meson decay constants from four-flavor lattice QCD with physical light quarks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Bazavov; C. Bernard; C. M. Bouchard; C. DeTar; D. Du; A. X. El-Khadra; J. Foley; E. D. Freeland; E. Gámiz; Steven Gottlieb; U. M. Heller; J. Kim; J. Komijani; A. S. Kronfeld; J. Laiho; L. Levkova; P. B. Mackenzie; E. T. Neil; J. N. Simone; R. Sugar; D. Toussaint; R. S. Van de Water; R. Zhou

    2014-11-18

    We compute the leptonic decay constants $f_{D^+}$, $f_{D_s}$, and $f_{K^+}$, and the quark-mass ratios $m_c/m_s$ and $m_s/m_l$ in unquenched lattice QCD using the experimentally determined value of $f_{\\pi^+}$ for normalization. We use the MILC highly improved staggered quark (HISQ) ensembles with four dynamical quark flavors---up, down, strange, and charm---and with both physical and unphysical values of the light sea-quark masses. The use of physical pions removes the need for a chiral extrapolation, thereby eliminating a significant source of uncertainty in previous calculations. Four different lattice spacings ranging from $a\\approx 0.06$ fm to $0.15$ fm are included in the analysis to control the extrapolation to the continuum limit. Our primary results are $f_{D^+} = 212.6(0.4)({}^{+1.0}_{-1.2})\\ \\mathrm{MeV}$, $f_{D_s} = 249.0(0.3)({}^{+1.1}_{-1.5})\\ \\mathrm{MeV}$, and $f_{D_s}/f_{D^+} = 1.1712(10)({}^{+29}_{-32})$, where the errors are statistical and total systematic, respectively. The errors on our results for the charm decay constants and their ratio are approximately two to four times smaller than those of the most precise previous lattice calculations. We also obtain $f_{K^+}/f_{\\pi^+} = 1.1956(10)({}^{+26}_{-18})$, updating our previous result, and determine the quark-mass ratios $m_s/m_l = 27.35(5)({}^{+10}_{-7})$ and $m_c/m_s = 11.747(19)({}^{+59}_{-43})$. When combined with experimental measurements of the decay rates, our results lead to precise determinations of the CKM matrix elements $|V_{us}| = 0.22487(51) (29)(20)(5)$, $|V_{cd}|=0.217(1) (5)(1)$ and $|V_{cs}|= 1.010(5)(18)(6)$, where the errors are from this calculation of the decay constants, the uncertainty in the experimental decay rates, structure-dependent electromagnetic corrections, and, in the case of $|V_{us}|$, the uncertainty in $|V_{ud}|$, respectively.

  6. Introduction and Motivation Experimental Methods in Meson Spectroscopy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Credé, Volker

    Introduction and Motivation Experimental Methods in Meson Spectroscopy Glueballs and Light Mesons, Italy 03/15/2010 V. Credé Glueballs and Light-Meson Spectroscopy #12;Introduction and Motivation Summary and Outlook Outline 1 Introduction and Motivation The Quark Model of Hadrons Meson Spectroscopy 2

  7. $?$ Meson Decays of Heavy Hybrid Mesons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liang Zhang; Peng-Zhi Huang

    2015-05-04

    We calculate the $\\rho$ meson couplings between heavy hybrid doublets H^h/S^h/M^h/T^h and the ordinary q\\bar{Q} doublets in the framework of light-cone QCD sum rule. The sum rules obtained rely mildly on the Borel parameters in their working regions. The resulting coupling constants are rather small in most cases.

  8. Glueball-Meson Mixing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vicente Vento

    2015-05-20

    Calculations in unquenched QCD for the scalar glueball spectrum have confirmed previous results of Gluodynamics finding a glueball at ~ 1750 MeV. I analyze the implications of this discovery from the point of view of glueball-meson mixing at the light of the experimental scalar sprectrum.

  9. Transverse Momentum Distributions of Positively Charged Mesons and Light Fragments Produced in Pb-Pb Collisions at 2.76 TeV

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lao, Hai-Ling; Liu, Fu-Hu; Lacey, Roy A

    2016-01-01

    Transverse momentum distributions of positively charged mesons (positive pions $\\pi^+$ and positive kaons $K^+$), baryons (protons $p$), and light fragments (deuterons $d$ and one of helium isotopes $^3$He) produced in mid-rapidity interval ($|y|energy per nucleon pair $\\sqrt{s_{NN}}=2.76$ TeV, are uniformly and approximately described by the Tsallis statistics. The dependences of parameteres (effective temperature, entropy index, and normalization constant) on centrality and rest mass are obtained. The source temperature and particle transverse (or radial) flow velocity at the kinetic freeze-out of the interacting system are obtained from the relations between effective temperature and rest mass as well as mean transverse momentum and rest mass, respectively.

  10. A Roadmap For Meson Spectroscopy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. G. Olsson

    2002-07-31

    An efficient classification of light quark meson states is discussed based on the dominance of angular and radial quark excitation. A synthesis of Regge and quark dynamics allows a natural unification of light quark-antiquark spectroscopies and indicates the states that fall outside this category such as molecules, hybrids, and glueballs.

  11. The Static Approximation to B Meson Mixing using Light Domain-Wall Fermions: Perturbative Renormalization and Ground State Degeneracies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Norman H. Christ; Thomas T. Dumitrescu; Taku Izubuchi; Oleg Loktik

    2007-10-28

    We discuss the theoretical input into the current RBC-UKQCD calculation of $f_{B_{d, s}}$ and $B_{B_{d, s}}$ using a smeared static heavy quark propagator, light domain-wall quarks and the Iwasaki gauge action. We present the complete one-loop, mean-field improved matching of heavy-light current and four-fermion lattice operators onto the static continuum theory renormalized in $\\bar{\\text{MS}}$(NDR). The large degeneracies present in a static calculation are addressed, and a method for extracting $f_B$ and $B_B$ using only box sources is described; implications for future calculations are discussed.

  12. Photoproduction of mesons off nuclei

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. Krusche

    2011-10-02

    Recent results for the photoproduction of mesons off nuclei are reviewed. These experiments have been performed for two major lines of research related to the properties of the strong interaction. The investigation of nucleon resonances requires light nuclei as targets for the extraction of the isospin composition of the electromagnetic excitations. This is done with quasi-free meson photoproduction off the bound neutron and supplemented with the measurement of coherent photoproduction reactions, serving as spin and/or isospin filters. Furthermore, photoproduction from light and heavy nuclei is a very efficient tool for the study of the interactions of mesons with nuclear matter and the in-medium properties of hadrons. Experiments are currently rapidly developing due to the combination of high quality tagged (and polarized) photon beams with state-of-the-art 4pi detectors and polarized targets.

  13. GlueX: Meson Spectroscopy in Photoproduction

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Salgado, Carlos [Norfolk State University, JLAB; Smith, Elton S. [JLAB

    2014-03-01

    The goal of the GlueX experiment \\cite{gluex} is to provide crucial data to help understand the soft gluonic fields responsible for binding quarks in hadrons. Hybrid mesons, and in particular exotic hybrid mesons, provide the ideal laboratory for testing QCD in the confinement regime since these mesons explicitly manifest the gluonic degrees of freedom. Photoproduction is expected to be effective in producing exotic hybrids but there is little data on the photoproduction of light mesons. GlueX will use the new 12-GeV electron beam at Jefferson Lab to produce a 9-GeV beam of linearly polarized photons using the technique of coherent bremsstrahlung. A solenoid-based hermetic detector is under construction, which will be used to collect data on meson production and decays. These data will also be used to study the spectrum of conventional mesons, including the poorly understood excited vector mesons. This talk will give an update on the experiment as well as describe theoretical developments \\cite{Dudek:2011bn} to help understand how these data can provide insights into the fundamental theory of strong interactions.

  14. Hyperfine meson splittings: chiral symmetry versus transverse gluon exchange

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Llanes-Estrada, Felipe J; Swanson, Eric S; Szczepaniak, Adam P; Llanes-Estrada, Felipe J.; Cotanch, Stephen R.; Szczepaniak, Adam P.; Swanson, Eric S.

    2004-01-01

    Meson spin splittings are examined within an effective Coulomb gauge QCD Hamiltonian incorporating chiral symmetry and a transverse hyperfine interaction necessary for heavy quarks. For light and heavy quarkonium systems the pseudoscalar-vector meson spectrum is generated by approximate BCS-RPA diagonalizations. This relativistic formulation includes both $S$ and $D$ waves for the vector mesons which generates a set of coupled integral equations. A smooth transition from the heavy to the light quark regime is found with chiral symmetry dominating the $\\pi$-$\\rho$ mass difference. A good, consistent description of the observed meson spin splittings and chiral quantities, such as the quark condensate and the $\\pi$ mass, is obtained. Similar comparisons with TDA diagonalizations, which violate chiral symmetry, are deficient for light pseudoscalar mesons indicating the need to simultaneously include both chiral symmetry and a hyperfine interaction. The $\\eta_b$ mass is predicted to be around 9400 MeV consistent w...

  15. Meson wave function from holographic models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alfredo Vega; Ivan Schmidt; Tanja Branz; Thomas Gutsche; Valery Lyubovitskij

    2009-06-05

    We consider the light-front wave function for the valence quark state of mesons using the AdS/CFT correspondence, as has been suggested by Brodsky and Teramond. Two kinds of wave functions, obtained in different holographic Soft-Wall models, are discussed.

  16. Tensor mesons produced in tau lepton decays

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lopez Castro, G.; Munoz, J. H.

    2011-05-01

    Light tensor mesons (T=a{sub 2}, f{sub 2} and K{sub 2}*) can be produced in decays of {tau} leptons. In this paper we compute the branching ratios of {tau}{yields}T{pi}{nu} decays by assuming the dominance of intermediate virtual states to model the form factors involved in the relevant hadronic matrix elements. The exclusive f{sub 2}(1270){pi}{sup -} decay mode turns out to have the largest branching ratio, of O(10{sup -4}). Our results indicate that the contribution of tensor meson intermediate states to the three-pseudoscalar channels of {tau} decays are rather small.

  17. Heavy Hybrid mesons Masses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    F. Iddir; L. Semlala

    2006-11-25

    We estimate the ground state masses of the heavy hybrid mesons using a phenomenological QCD-type potential. 0^{- -},1^{- -},0^{- +},1^{- +} and 0^{+ -} J^{PC} states are considered.

  18. Toward the excited isoscalar meson spectrum from lattice QCD

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Dudek, Jozef J.; Edwards, Robert G.; Guo, Peng; Thomas, Christopher E.

    2013-11-18

    We report on the extraction of an excited spectrum of isoscalar mesons using lattice QCD. Calculations on several lattice volumes are performed with a range of light quark masses corresponding to pion masses down to about ~400 MeV. The distillation method enables us to evaluate the required disconnected contributions with high statistical precision for a large number of meson interpolating fields. We find relatively little mixing between light and strange in most JPC channels; one notable exception is the pseudoscalar sector where the approximate SU(3)F octet, singlet structure of the ?, ?' is reproduced. We extract exotic JPC states, identifiedmore »as hybrid mesons in which an excited gluonic field is coupled to a color-octet qqbar pair, along with non-exotic hybrid mesons embedded in a qq¯-like spectrum.« less

  19. Lighting

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverseIMPACTThousand CubicResourcelogo and-E C H N13,CenterCenterLighting Sign In

  20. S-wave charmed mesons in lattice NRQCD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Randy Lewis; R. M. Woloshyn

    1998-09-04

    Heavy-light mesons can be studied using the 1/M expansion of NRQCD, provided the heavy quark mass is sufficiently large. Calculations of the S-wave charmed meson masses from a classically and tadpole-improved action are presented. A comparison of O(1/M), O(1/M^2) and O(1/M^3) results allows convergence of the expansion to be discussed. It is shown that the form of discretized heavy quark propagation must be chosen carefully.

  1. Decays of Charmed Mesons to PV Final States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bhubanjyoti Bhattacharya; Jonathan L. Rosner

    2008-12-16

    New data on the decays of the charmed particles $D^0$, $D^+$, and $D_s$ to $PV$ final states consisting of a light pseudoscalar meson $P$ and a light vector meson $V$ are analyzed. Following the same methods as in a previous analysis of $D \\to PP$ decays, one can test flavor symmetry, extract key key amplitudes, and obtain information on relative strong phases. Analyses are performed for Cabibbo-favored decays and then extended to predict properties of singly- and doubly-Cabibbo-suppressed processes.

  2. Hybrid meson decay from lattice QCD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ziwen Fu

    2012-09-10

    Besides the conventional hadrons containing valence quarks and valence antiquarks, quantum chromodynamics (QCD) suggests the existence of the hybrid hadrons containing valence gluons in addition to the quarks and antiquarks, and some experiments may have found some. A decisive experimental confirmation of its existence, however, is still needed. At present, lattice simulations have offered the practicable ways of theoretically guiding us to search for the hybrid states. In this dissertation, we study the spectroscopy and the decay rate of the heavy hybrid mesons made of a heavy $b$ quark, a heavy $\\bar b$ antiquark, and a gluon ($b\\bar{b}g$) to selected channels, and use lattice methods to extract the transition matrix elements in full QCD. We are particular interested in the spin-exotic hybrid mesons. For sufficiently heavy quarks (e.g., $b$ quark), we use the leading Born-Oppenheimer (LBO) approximation to calculate the static potential energy at all $b\\bar{b}$ separations. Then, by solving the Schr\\"odinger equation with this potential, we reconstruct the motion of the heavy quarks. In a similar way we can determine decay rates. In this dissertation, we use the numerical lattice method to calculate the mass of the $f_0$ meson at a single lattice spacing and light quark mass, namely, $m_{f_0} = (768 \\pm 136)$ MeV. Most of all we consider the decay channels involving the production of a scalar meson. We obtain the partial decay rate ($\\Gamma$) for the channel $ H \\rightarrow \\chi_b + \\pi + \\pi $, namely, $ \\Gamma = 3.62(98)$ MeV. All of our results are consistent with those of other researchers. Knowledge of the masses and the decay rates should help us considerably in experimental searches for the hybrid mesons.

  3. B meson decays into charmless pseudoscalar scalar mesons

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Delepine, D.; Lucio M, J. L.; Ramirez, Carlos A.; Mendoza S, J. A.

    2007-06-19

    The nonleptonic weak decays of meson B into a scalar and pseudoscalar meson are studied. The scalar mesons under consideration are {sigma} (or f0(600)), f0(980), a0(980) and K{sub 0}{sup *}(1430). We calculate the Branching ratios in the Naive Factorization approximation. Scalars are assumed to be qq-bar bounded sates, but an estimation can be obtained in the case they are four bounded states.

  4. Measurement of charm meson lifetimes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ammar, Raymond G.; Baringer, Philip S.; Bean, Alice; Besson, David Zeke; Coppage, Don; Davis, Robin E. P.; Kravchenko, I.; Kwak, Nowhan; Zhao, L.

    1999-06-01

    We report measurements of the D-0, D-,(+) and D-s(+) meson lifetimes using 3.7 fb(-1) of e(+)e(-) annihilation data collected near the Y(4S) resonance with the CLEO detector. The measured lifetimes of the D-0, D+, and D-s(+) mesons are 408.5 +/- 4.1(-3.4)(+3.5...

  5. Exotic mesons: status and future

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eberhard Klempt

    2007-11-22

    The evidence for the existence of mesons with exotic quantum numbers and of hybrid candidates with non-exotic quantum numbers is critically reviewed, including candidates with hidden charm. Aims and methods of future searches for hybrid mesons are briefly discussed.

  6. Physics Opportunities with Meson Beams

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Briscoe, William J; Haberzettl, Helmut; Manley, D Mark; Naruki, Megumi; Strakovsky, Igor I; Swanson, Eric S

    2015-01-01

    Over the past two decades, meson photo- and electro-production data of unprecedented quality and quantity have been measured at electromagnetic facilities worldwide. By contrast, the meson-beam data for the same hadronic final states are mostly outdated and largely of poor quality, or even nonexistent, and thus provide inadequate input to help interpret, analyze, and exploit the full potential of the new electromagnetic data. To reap the full benefit of the high-precision electromagnetic data, new high-statistics data from measurements with meson beams, with good angle and energy coverage for a wide range of reactions, are critically needed to advance our knowledge in baryon and meson spectroscopy and other related areas of hadron physics. To address this situation, a state of-the-art meson-beam facility needs to be constructed. The present paper summarizes unresolved issues in hadron physics and outlines the vast opportunities and advances that only become possible with such a facility.

  7. Physics Opportunities with Meson Beams

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    William J. Briscoe; Michael Döring; Helmut Haberzettl; D. Mark Manley; Megumi Naruki; Igor I. Strakovsky; Eric S. Swanson

    2015-03-26

    Over the past two decades, meson photo- and electro-production data of unprecedented quality and quantity have been measured at electromagnetic facilities worldwide. By contrast, the meson-beam data for the same hadronic final states are mostly outdated and largely of poor quality, or even nonexistent, and thus provide inadequate input to help interpret, analyze, and exploit the full potential of the new electromagnetic data. To reap the full benefit of the high-precision electromagnetic data, new high-statistics data from measurements with meson beams, with good angle and energy coverage for a wide range of reactions, are critically needed to advance our knowledge in baryon and meson spectroscopy and other related areas of hadron physics. To address this situation, a state of-the-art meson-beam facility needs to be constructed. The present paper summarizes unresolved issues in hadron physics and outlines the vast opportunities and advances that only become possible with such a facility.

  8. Hadronic scattering of charmed mesons 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, ZW; Ko, Che Ming; Zhang, B.

    2000-01-01

    of both charm meson pairs and dileptons resulting from their decays. These effects are estimated for heavy ion collisions at Super Proton Synchrotron energies and are found to be significant....

  9. Quark matter and meson properties in a Nonlocal SU(3) chiral quark model at finite temperature

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gomez Dumm, D.; Contrera, G. A.

    2012-06-15

    We study the finite temperature behavior of light scalar and pseudoscalar meson properties in the context of a three-flavor nonlocal chiral quark model. The model includes mixing with active strangeness degrees of freedom, and takes care of the effect of gauge interactions by coupling the quarks with a background color field. We analyze the chiral restoration and deconfinement transitions, as well as the temperature dependence of meson masses, mixing angles, and decay constants.

  10. Neutral Meson Decays into Two Photons from Lattice QCD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huey-Wen Lin; Saul D. Cohen

    2013-02-04

    A precision determination of the neutral-pion width would improve determinations of the splitting between the up- and down-quark masses, and matrix elements for the decay of neutral mesons into two photons could play a role in the attempt to probe beyond-the-Standard Model physics in muon $g-2$ experiments. The theoretical error is dominated by hadronic light-by-light diagrams, and since direct measurements are extremely difficult, model calculations factorize it into two-photon diagrams connected by the lightest hadrons. We employ perturbative techniques to express the photon as a superposition of QCD eigenstates accessible in lattice-QCD calculations and found that vector-meson dominance is a poor description of the two-photon decay process when both photons are off shell.

  11. Exotic Hybrid Meson Spectroscopy with the GlueX detector at Jlab

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lawrence, David W.

    2014-03-01

    The GlueX experiment is scheduled to begin taking data in 2015. The goal is to discover evidence for the existence of exotic hybrid mesons and to map out their spectrum in the light quark sector. Recent theoretical developments using Lattice QCD predict exotic hybrid states in a mass range accessible using the newly upgraded 12GeV electron accelerator at Jefferson Lab. Hybrid mesons, and in particular exotic hybrid mesons, provide the ideal laboratory for testing QCD in the confinement regime since these mesons explicitly manifest the gluonic degrees of freedom. The experiment will use 9 GeV linearly polarized photons produced via coherent bremsstrahlung to produce the exotic hybrids. The decay products will be detected in the solenoid-based GlueX detector currently under construction at Jefferson Lab. The status of the GlueX experiment including detector parameters will be presented along with theoretical motivation for the experiment.

  12. Decoherence free Bd and Bs meson systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ashutosh Kumar Alok; Subhashish Banerjee

    2013-04-15

    We study the impact of decoherence on B meson systems with specific emphasis on Bs. For consistency we also study the Bd mesons based on the most recent data. We find that the Bd mesons are 34 sigma away from total decoherence, while the Bs mesons are seen to be upto 31sigma away from total decoherence. Thus, our results prove, with experimental verity, that neutral meson systems are free from decoherence effects. Therefore, this provides a very useful laboratory for testing the foundations of quantum mechanics.

  13. Power Corrections and the Gaussian Form of the Meson Wave Function

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. Akhoury; A. Sinkovics; M. G. Sotiropoulos

    1997-10-16

    The wave function of a light pseudoscalar meson is considered and nonperturbative corrections as signaled by perturbation theory are calculated. Two schemes are used, the massive gluon and the running coupling scheme. Both indicate the presence of leading power corrections of ${\\cal O}(b^2)$, whose exponentiation leads to a Gaussian dependence of the wave function on the impact parameter $b$. The dependence of this correction on the light cone energy fractions of the quark and the antiquark is discussed and compared with other models for the meson.

  14. Distribution Amplitudes of Pseudoscalar Mesons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. M. Braun; M. Gockeler; R. Horsley; H. Perlt; D. Pleiter; P. E. L. Rakow; G. Schierholz; A. Schiller; W. Schroers; H. Stueben; J. M. Zanotti

    2006-10-09

    We present results for the first two moments of the distribution amplitudes of pseudoscalar mesons. Using two flavors of non-perturbatively improved clover fermions and non-perturbative renormalization of the matrix elements we perform both chiral and continuum extrapolations and compare with recent results from models and experiments.

  15. Distribution Amplitudes of Vector Mesons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. M. Braun; D. Brömmel; M. Göckeler; R. Horsley; Y. Nakamura; H. Perlt; D. Pleiter; P. E. L. Rakow; A. Schäfer; G. Schierholz; A. Schiller; W. Schroers; T. Streuer; H. Stüben; J. M. Zanotti

    2007-11-14

    Results are presented for the lowest moment of the distribution amplitude for the K-star vector meson. Both longitudinal and transverse moments are investigated. We use two flavours of O(a) improved Wilson fermions, together with a non-perturbative renormalisation of the matrix element.

  16. Hybrid mesons and auxiliary fields

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fabien Buisseret; Vincent Mathieu

    2006-09-29

    Hybrid mesons are exotic mesons in which the color field is not in the ground state. Their understanding deserves interest from a theoretical point of view, because it is intimately related to nonperturbative aspects of QCD. Moreover, it seems that some recently detected particles, such as the $\\pi_1(1600)$ and the Y(4260), are serious hybrid candidates. In this work, we investigate the description of such exotic hadrons by applying the auxiliary fields technique to the widely used spinless Salpeter Hamiltonian with appropriate linear confinement. Instead of the usual numerical resolution, this technique allows to find simplified analytical mass spectra and wave functions of the Hamiltonian, which still lead to reliable qualitative predictions. We analyse and compare two different descriptions of hybrid mesons, namely a two-body $q\\bar q$ system with an excited flux tube, or a three-body $q\\bar q g$ system. We also compute the masses of the $1^{-+}$ hybrids. Our results are shown to be in satisfactory agreement with lattice QCD and other effective models.

  17. Magnetic structure of $K$ and $?$ mesons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    E. V. Luschevskaya; O. E. Solovjeva; O. V. Teryaev

    2015-11-30

    We explore the energy dependence of $K$ and $\\pi$ mesons off the background constant abelian magnetic field in SU(3) lattice gauge theory without dynamical quarks. The energy of neutral pseudoscalar mesons diminishes with the field, while the energy of charged one increases according with the theoretical expectation. We estimate the magnetic polarizabilities of pseudoscalar $K^0$, $\\pi^0$ and $\\pi^{\\pm}$ mesons for various quark masses. The contribution of the magnetic hyperpolarizability to kaon and pion energies was found also.

  18. Diffractive vector meson production at HERA using holographic AdS/QCD wavefunctions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jeff Forshaw; Ruben Sandapen

    2013-05-16

    We demonstrate another success of the AdS/QCD correspondence by showing that an AdS/QCD holographic light-front wavefunction for the $\\rho$ meson generates predictions for the cross-sections of diffractive $\\rho$ production that are in agreement with data collected at the HERA electron-proton collider.

  19. Heavy-quark expansion for D and B mesons in nuclear matter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas Buchheim; Thomas Hilger; Burkhard Kampfer

    2014-10-01

    The planned experiments at FAIR enable the study of medium modifications of $D$ and $B$ mesons in (dense) nuclear matter. Evaluating QCD sum rules as a theoretical prerequisite for such investigations encounters heavy-light four-quark condensates. We utilize an extended heavy-quark expansion to cope with the condensation of heavy quarks.

  20. Testing a model for the puzzling spin 0 mesons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joseph Schechter

    2012-02-14

    After a brief historical discussion of meson quantum numbers, we examin the possibility of additional internal meson structure. Experimental tests of this structure using the semi-leptonic decays of the $D_s^+n$(1968) meson are discussed.

  1. New insights into the $D^{*}_{s0}(2317)$ and other charm scalar mesons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guo, Zhi-Hui; Yao, De-Liang

    2015-01-01

    Through the scattering of light-pseudoscalar mesons ($\\pi,K,\\eta,\\eta'$) off charmed mesons ($D, D_s$), we study the $D^{*}_{s0}(2317)$ state and other relevant charm scalar mesons in a unitarized chiral effective field theory approach. We investigate the charm scalar meson poles with different strangeness ($S$) and isospin ($I$) quantum numbers as well as their corresponding residues, which provide the coupling strengths of the charm scalar mesons. Both the light-quark mass and $N_C$ dependences of the pole positions of the $D^{*}_{s0}(2317)$ and the poles with $(S,I)=(0,1/2)$ are analyzed in detail in this work. Interestingly we observe quite similar pion mass trajectories for the resonance pole at around 2.1 GeV with $(S,I)=(0,1/2)$ to those of the $f_0(500)$ given in the literature. When increasing the values of $N_C$ we find that a bound state and a virtual state in the $(S,I)=(1,0)$ channel asymmetrically approach the $D K$ threshold for $N_C6$, the bound and virtual states move into the complex plane o...

  2. Potential description of charmonium and charmed-strange mesons from lattice QCD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taichi Kawanai; Shoichi Sasaki

    2015-08-10

    We present spin-independent and spin-spin interquark potentials for the charmonium and charmed-strange mesons, which are calculated in 2+1 flavor lattice QCD simulations using the PACS-CS gauge configurations generated at the lightest pion mass ($M_\\pi \\approx 156(7)$~MeV) with a lattice cutoff of $a^{-1}\\approx 2.2$ GeV and a spatial volume of $(3~{\\rm fm})^3$. For the charm quark, we use a relativistic heavy quark (RHQ) action with fine tuned RHQ parameters, which closely reproduce both the experimental spin-averaged mass and hyper-fine splitting of the $1S$ charmonium. The interquark potential and the quark kinetic mass, both of which are key ingredients within the potential description of heavy-heavy and heavy-light mesons, are determined from the equal-time Bethe-Salpeter (BS) amplitude. The charmonium potentials are obtained from the BS wave function of $1S$ charmonia ($\\eta_c$ and $J/\\psi$ mesons), while the charmed-strange potential are calculated from the $D_s$ and $D_s^{\\ast}$ heavy-light mesons. We then use resulting potentials and quark masses as purely theoretical inputs so as to solve the nonrelativistic Schr\\"odinger equation for calculating accessible energy levels of charmonium and charmed-strange mesons without unknown parameters. The resultant spectra below the $D\\bar{D}$ and $DK$ thresholds excellently agree with well-established experimental data.

  3. Meson-baryon interaction in the meson exchange picture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Döring

    2010-09-29

    This is the contribution to the proceedings of the MENU 2010 conference. The recent work of Ref. [7] is summarized. Elastic piN scattering and the reaction pi^+ p --> K^+ Sigma^+ are described simultaneously in a unitary coupled-channels approach which respects analyticity. SU(3) flavor symmetry is used to relate the t- and u- channel exchanges that drive the meson-baryon interaction in the different channels. Angular distributions, polarizations, and spin-rotation parameters are compared with available experimental data. The pole structure of the amplitudes is extracted from the analytic continuation.

  4. Localization of the glueball and possible decuplets of tensor mesons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michal Majewski

    2015-04-16

    We apply the vanishing exotic commutator (VEC) model to study the flavor properties of the light mesons. The study arose from conviction that these properties are insufficiently recognized while the huge amount of experimental observations collected during many decades gets silent. So we have much information but little knowledge. The confirmation of glueball existence may be a necessary step to get out of this situation. It is argued that the decuplet is a right place for seeking glueball - the glueball exists if the decuplet exists. The decuplet is understood as a mixed state of the glueball with $q\\bar{q}$ nonet. The VEC model predicts two kinds of the decuplets. We discuss the one which is a mixed state of the glueball with the ideal nonet $q\\bar{q}$ state. It satisfies the mass formula and restricts the masses more than another one. We find that the mass of the glueball-dominated isoscalar meson is located between the masses of the N and S-dominated ones. We examine two candidates for tensor decuplets. One of them refers to ancient hunting for glueball in the hope to explain anomalies of the nonet properties. For a long time it was considered as a nonet. We argue that this multiplet may be a decuplet whose nature was masked in unexpected way by the lack of room for glueball. However, according to recent data, room exists due to the discovery of anomalously large difference between the masses of neutral and charged components of the $K_2^*(1430)$ meson. Another decuplet candidate, lying above, accepts as a glueball-dominated state one of the $g_T$ mesons which were widely discussed few decades ago.

  5. Cascade photo production at CLAS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Goetz, John; Hicks, Kenneth H.

    2014-09-01

    The famous discovery of the Omega ? in 1964 put the quark model on firm ground and since then a lot of effort has been spent on mapping out the baryonic and mesonic states. Over the following decades, many excited baryons with light quarks (up, down and strange) have been measured, but by most predictions, only a small percentage of those expected have been found. In this talk, I will discuss a newly developing technique using an (unflavored) photon beam to excite protons to doubly-strange "Cascade" (Xi) states. Advantages of such an experiment and associated difficulties will be presented, along with recent results from the CLAS detector at Jefferson Lab in Virginia.

  6. Leptonic B- and D-meson decay constants with 2+1 flavors of asqtad fermions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andreas S. Kronfeld; Ethan T. Neil; James N. Simone; Ruth S. Van de Water; for the Fermilab Lattice Collaboration; for the MILC Collaboration

    2015-01-08

    We present the status of our updated D- and B-meson decay-constant analysis, based on the MILC $N_f = 2+1$ asqtad gauge ensembles. Heavy quarks are incorporated using the Wilson clover action with the Fermilab interpretation. This analysis includes ensembles at five lattice spacings from a $\\approx$ 0.045 to 0.15 fm, and light sea-quark masses down to 1/20th of the strange-quark mass. Projected error budgets for ratios of decay constants, in particular between bottom- and charm-meson decay constants, are presented.

  7. Experiments on eta-meson production

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Peng, J.C.

    1985-01-01

    Following a review of some highlights of eta-meson characteristics, the status of eta-meson production experiments is reviewed. The physics motivations and first results of two LAMPF experiments on (..pi..,eta) reactions are discussed. Possible future experiments are also discussed. 42 refs., 12 figs., 4 tabs.

  8. Rho Meson in Dense Hadronic Matter 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Asakawa, M.; Ko, Che Ming; Levai, P.; Qiu, X. J.

    1992-01-01

    The spectral function of a rho meson that is at rest in dense hadronic matter and couples strongly to the pion is studied in the vector dominance model by including the effect of the delta-hole polarization on the pion. With the free rho-meson mass...

  9. New developments in multi-meson systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    William Detmold; Brian Smigielski

    2011-01-13

    New developments in the study of multi-meson systems are reviewed. We highlight a new recursive algorithm for generating the requisite contractions needed for studying complex systems of mesons involving large numbers of particles or multiple species of particles. First results on mixed species systems involving pions and kaons are also presented.

  10. Status of Chiral Meson Physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johan Bijnens

    2014-11-24

    This talk includes a short introduction to Chiral Perturbation Theory in the meson sector concentrating on a number of recent developments. I discuss the latest fit of the low-energy constants. Finite volume corrections are discussed for the case with twisted boundary conditions for form-factors and first results at two-loops for three flavours for masses. The last part discusses the extension to other symmetry breaking patterns relevant for technicolour and related theories as well as the calculation of leading logarithms to high loop orders.

  11. Charmed and light pseudoscalar meson decay constants from HISQ simulations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Bazavov; C. Bernard; C. Bouchard; C. DeTar; D. Du; A. X. El-Khadra; J. Foley; E. D. Freeland; E. Gámiz; Steven Gottlieb; U. M. Heller; J. Kim; J. Komijani; A. S. Kronfeld; J. Laiho; L. Levkova; P. B. Mackenzie; E. T. Neil; J. N. Simone; R. L. Sugar; D. Toussaint; R. S. Van de Water; R. Zhou

    2014-11-10

    We compute the leptonic decay constants $f_{D^+}$, $f_{D_s}$, and $f_{K^+}$, and the quark-mass ratios $m_c/m_s$ and $m_s/m_l$ in unquenched lattice QCD. We use the MILC highly improved staggered quark (HISQ) ensembles with four dynamical quark flavors. Our primary results are $f_{D^+} = 212.6(0.4)({}^{+1.0}_{-1.2})\\ \\mathrm{MeV}$, $f_{D_s} = 249.0(0.3)({}^{+1.1}_{-1.5})\\ \\mathrm{MeV}$, and $f_{D_s}/f_{D^+} = 1.1712(10)({}^{+29}_{-32})$, where the errors are statistical and total systematic, respectively. We also obtain $f_{K^+}/f_{\\pi^+} = 1.1956(10)({}^{+26}_{-18})$, updating our previous result, and determine the quark-mass ratios $m_s/m_l = 27.35(5)({}^{+10}_{-7})$ and $m_c/m_s = 11.747(19)({}^{+59}_{-43})$. When combined with experimental measurements of the decay rates, our results lead to precise determinations of the CKM matrix elements $|V_{us}| = 0.22487(51) (29)(20)(5)$, $|V_{cd}|=0.217(1) (5)(1)$ and $|V_{cs}|= 1.010(5)(18)(6)$, where the errors are from this calculation of the decay constants, the uncertainty in the experimental decay rates, structure-dependent electromagnetic corrections, and, in the case of $|V_{us}|$, the uncertainty in $|V_{ud}|$, respectively.

  12. Low-Energy Thermal Photons from Meson-Meson Bremsstrahlung

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    W. Liu; R. Rapp

    2007-09-04

    Within an effective hadronic model including electromagnetic interactions via a U$_{\\rm em}$(1) gauge, we reinvestigate photon Bremsstrahlung from a hot hadronic gas as expected to be formed in relativistic heavy-ion collisions at SPS energies. We calculate photon emission from the reactions $\\pi\\pi\\to\\pi\\pi\\gamma$ and $\\pi K \\to\\pi K\\gamma$ by an explicit (numerical) evaluation of the multi-dimensional phase space integral. This, in particular, allows to avoid the commonly employed soft photon approximation (SPA), as well as to incorporate final-state thermal enhancement factors. % during the hadronic stage of the fireball. Both improvements are shown to result in an appreciable increase of the photon production rate over previous hadronic calculations. Upon convolution over a thermal fireball we find an improvement in the description of recent low transverse-momentum WA98 data at SPS. The influence of both Landau-Pomeranchuk-Migdal and in-medium effects on "$\\sigma$" and $\\rho$-meson exchanges are briefly discussed.

  13. Investigation of semileptonic B meson decays to p-wave charm mesons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ammar, Raymond G.; Baringer, Philip S.; Bean, Alice; Besson, David Zeke; Coppage, Don; Darling, C.; Davis, Robin E. P.; Hancock, N.; Kotov, S.; Kravchenko, I.; Kwak, Nowhan

    1998-05-01

    We have studied semileptonic B meson decays with a p-wave charm meson in the final state using 3.29 x 10(6) B (B) over bar events collected with the CLEO II detector at the Cornell Electron-Positron Storage Ring. We find ...

  14. Energies and radial distributions of B_s mesons on the lattice

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. Koponen

    2007-03-09

    This is a follow-up to our earlier work for the energies and the charge (vector) and matter (scalar) distributions for S-wave states in a heavy-light meson, where the heavy quark is static and the light quark has a mass about that of the strange quark. We now study excited states of these mesons with higher angular momentum and with radial nodes. The calculation is carried out with dynamical fermions on a 16^3 times 32 lattice with a lattice spacing approximately 0.10 fm. The lattice configurations were generated by the UKQCD Collaboration. Attempts are now being made to understand these results in terms of the Dirac equation. In nature the closest equivalent of this heavy-light system is the B_s meson, which allows us to compare our lattice calculations to experimental results (where available) or give a prediction where the P-wave states should lie. We pay particular attention to the spin-orbit splitting, to see which one of the states (for a given angular momentum L) has the lower energy.

  15. Impressions of the Meson Spectrum: Hybrids & Exotics, present and future

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pennington, M R

    2015-01-01

    It has long been expected that the spectrum of hadrons in QCD would be far richer and extensive than experiment has so far revealed. While there have been experimental hints of this richness for some time, it is really only in the last few years that dramatic progress has been seen in the exploration both experimentally and in calculations on the lattice. Precision studies enabled by new technology both with detectors and high performance computations are converging on an understanding of the spectrum in strong coupling QCD. These methodologies are laying the foundation for a decade of potential discovery that electro and photoproduction experiments at Jefferson Lab, which when combined with key results on $B$ and charmonium decays from both $e^+e^-$ and $pp$ colliders, should turn mere impressions of the light meson spectrum into a high definition picture.

  16. Impressions of the Meson Spectrum: Hybrids & Exotics, present and future

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. R. Pennington

    2015-09-08

    It has long been expected that the spectrum of hadrons in QCD would be far richer and extensive than experiment has so far revealed. While there have been experimental hints of this richness for some time, it is really only in the last few years that dramatic progress has been seen in the exploration both experimentally and in calculations on the lattice. Precision studies enabled by new technology both with detectors and high performance computations are converging on an understanding of the spectrum in strong coupling QCD. These methodologies are laying the foundation for a decade of potential discovery that electro and photoproduction experiments at Jefferson Lab, which when combined with key results on $B$ and charmonium decays from both $e^+e^-$ and $pp$ colliders, should turn mere impressions of the light meson spectrum into a high definition picture.

  17. A study of charm meson in heavy collisions 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Di, Tiegang

    2002-01-01

    Using a local flavor SU(4) invariant Lagrangian, we study the interactions of charmed meson with pion, rho meson, and kaons. The coupling constants are determined either empirically or from relations based on the SU(4) symmetry. Form factors...

  18. Meson properties at finite temperature in a three flavor nonlocal chiral quark model with Polyakov loop

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Contrera, G. A.; Dumm, D. Gomez; Scoccola, Norberto N.

    2010-03-01

    We study the finite temperature behavior of light scalar and pseudoscalar meson properties in the context of a three-flavor nonlocal chiral quark model. The model includes mixing with active strangeness degrees of freedom, and takes care of the effect of gauge interactions by coupling the quarks with the Polyakov loop. We analyze the chiral restoration and deconfinement transitions, as well as the temperature dependence of meson masses, mixing angles and decay constants. The critical temperature is found to be T{sub c{approx_equal}}202 MeV, in better agreement with lattice results than the value recently obtained in the local SU(3) PNJL model. It is seen that above T{sub c} pseudoscalar meson masses get increased, becoming degenerate with the masses of their chiral partners. The temperatures at which this matching occurs depend on the strange quark composition of the corresponding mesons. The topological susceptibility shows a sharp decrease after the chiral transition, signalling the vanishing of the U(1){sub A} anomaly for large temperatures.

  19. Light-Light Scattering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Naohiro Kanda

    2011-06-03

    For a long time, it is believed that the light by light scattering is described properly by the Lagrangian density obtained by Heisenberg and Euler. Here, we present a new calculation which is based on the modern field theory technique. It is found that the light-light scattering is completely different from the old expression. The reason is basically due to the unphysical condition (gauge condition) which was employed by the QED calcualtion of Karplus and Neumann. The correct cross section of light-light scattering at low energy of $(\\frac{\\omega}{m} \\ll 1)$ can be written as $ \\displaystyle{\\frac{d\\sigma}{d\\Omega}=\\frac{1}{(6\\pi)^2}\\frac{\\alpha^4} {(2\\omega)^2}(3+2\\cos^2\\theta +\\cos^4\\theta)}$.

  20. An AdS/QCD holographic wavefunction for the rho meson and diffractive rho meson electroproduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. R. Forshaw; R. Sandapen

    2012-07-18

    We show that AdS/QCD generates predictions for the rate of diffractive rho meson electroproduction that are in agreement with data collected at the HERA electron-proton collider.

  1. Versatile secondary beam for the meson area

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kirk, T.

    1982-03-01

    A new secondary beam design is outlined for the Meson M6 Beamline that combines versatility with economy. The beamline described will transport charged particles of either sign to 800 GeV/c and bring the beam to a focus in one of three potential experimental areas. The plan makes maximal use of existing civil construction.

  2. Lattice investigation of heavy meson interactions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Björn Wagenbach; Pedro Bicudo; Marc Wagner

    2014-11-10

    We report on a lattice investigation of heavy meson interactions and of tetraquark candidates with two very heavy quarks. These two quarks are treated in the static limit, while the other two are up, down, strange or charm quarks of finite mass. Various isospin, spin and parity quantum numbers are considered.

  3. Is the $\\eta$ Meson a Goldstone Boson?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kirchbach, M

    1996-01-01

    The decoupling of the $\\eta$ meson from the nucleon, as recently deduced from analyzing $\\bar p p$ collisions and $\\eta$ photoproduction off the proton at threshold is shown to provide an argument against the Goldstone boson nature of the $\\eta $ meson. This argument depends neither on the mass of the $\\eta$ meson nor on its mixing to the $\\eta'$ meson but rather concerns the structure of the strong isoscalar axial vector current. In fact, a vanishing the hypercharge nucleon axial vector current. No partial conservation of the latter can be achieved therefore. This invalidates the Goldberger-Treiman type relation for the $\\eta N$ coupling constant within the context of the three-flavor quark model. We demonstrate that the suppressed $\\eta N$ coupling constant can be understood if the hypercharge and the singlet axial vector currents of the quark model are ideally mixed, as are those of the electroweak gauge theory. If so, the current algebra statement on the equal structure of the charged strong and weak curr...

  4. Medium Effects on the Rho-Meson 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Asakawa, M.; Ko, Che Ming.

    1993-01-01

    The property of a rho meson in dense nuclear matter is studied using the QCD sum rule. The spectral function appearing on the hadronic side of the sum rule is evaluated in the vector dominance model that takes into account the interaction between...

  5. Deeply Virtual Pseudoscalar Meson Production with CLAS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. Kubarovsky; P. Stoler; I. Bedlinsky; for the CLAS Collaboration

    2008-02-12

    Deeply virtual meson scattering cross sections and asymmetries for the pi^0 and eta exclusive electroproduction in a very wide kinematic range of Q^2, t and x_B have been measured with CLAS (JLab). Initial analysis is already showing remarkable results. These data will help us to better understand the transition from soft to hard mechanisms.

  6. Rare semi-leptonic B meson decays 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lyon, James David

    2014-06-28

    In this thesis, novel corrections to B ? X? and B ? Xl+l- decays, where X is a pseudoscalar or vector meson, are presented. These are the chromomagnetic matrix element, weak annihilation in a general four-quark operator basis and a long...

  7. Light Gluino Mass and Condensate from Properties of $?$ and $?'$

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Glennys R. Farrar; G. T. Gabadadze

    1997-02-07

    We investigate whether known properties of the $\\eta'$ meson are consistent with its being the Goldstone boson of the spontaneously broken anomaly-free R symmetry required in the light gluino scenario. We fit the masses and $2\\gamma$ decays of the $\\eta$ and $\\eta'$ mesons, and also their production in radiative $J/\\psi$ decays. We find that the $\\eta-\\eta'$ system is well-described in the light gluino scenario, if $m_\\lambda\\simeq (84-144) MeV$ and $ \\simeq -(0.15-0.36) GeV^3$. These values are in the range expected when the gluino gets its mass entirely from radiative corrections.

  8. Photonuclear production of vector mesons in ultra-peripheral Pb-Pb collisions at the LHC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joakim Nystrand; for the ALICE Collaboration

    2014-10-31

    Vector mesons are copiously produced in ultra-peripheral nucleus-nucleus collisions. In these collisions, the nuclei are separated by impact parameters larger than the sum of the nuclear radii, and the interaction is mediated by the electromagnetic field. The interaction effectively corresponds to a photonuclear interaction between a photon, generated from the electromagnetic field of one of the nuclei, and the target nucleus. The ALICE Collaboration has previously published results on exclusive J/psi photoproduction at mid and forward rapidities in Pb-Pb collisions. The cross section for this process is a particularly good measure of the nuclear gluon distribution. In this talk, the latest results on exclusive production of light and heavy vector mesons from ALICE in Pb-Pb collisions will be presented.

  9. Leptonic Decays of Charged Pseudoscalar Mesons - 2015

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosner, Jonathan L; Van de Water, Ruth S

    2015-01-01

    We review the physics of purely leptonic decays of $\\pi^\\pm$, $K^\\pm$, $D^{\\pm}$, $D_s^\\pm$, and $B^\\pm$ pseudoscalar mesons. The measured decay rates are related to the product of the relevant weak-interaction-based CKM matrix element of the constituent quarks and a strong interaction parameter related to the overlap of the quark and antiquark wave-functions in the meson, called the decay constant $f_P$. The leptonic decay constants for $\\pi^\\pm$, $K^\\pm$, $D^{\\pm}$, $D_s^\\pm$, and $B^\\pm$ mesons can be obtained with controlled theoretical uncertainties and high precision from {\\it ab initio} lattice-QCD simulations. The combination of experimental leptonic decay-rate measurements and theoretical decay-constant calculations enables the determination of several elements of the CKM matrix within the standard model. These determinations are competitive with those obtained from semileptonic decays, and also complementary because they are sensitive to different quark flavor-changing currents. They can also be use...

  10. Hybrid meson masses and the correlated Gaussian basis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vincent Mathieu

    2009-07-06

    We revisited a model for charmonium hybrid meson with a magnetic gluon [Yu. S. Kalashnikova and A. V. Nefediev, Phys. Rev. D {\\bf 77}, 054025 (2008)] and improved the numerical calculations. These improvements support the hybrid meson interpretation of X(4260). Within the same model, we computed the hybrid meson mass with an electric gluon which is resolved to be lighter. Relativistic effects and coupling channels decreased also the mass.

  11. Heavy-to-light form factors: sum rules on the light cone and beyond

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolfgang Lucha; Dmitri Melikhov; Silvano Simula

    2007-04-12

    We report the first systematic analysis of the off-light-cone effects in sum rules for heavy-to-light form factors. These effects are investigated in a model based on scalar constituents, which allows a technically rather simple analysis but has the essential features of the analogous QCD calculation. The correlator relevant for the extraction of the heavy-to-light form factor is calculated in two different ways: first, by adopting the full Bethe-Salpeter amplitude of the light meson and, second, by performing the expansion of this amplitude near the light cone $x^2=0$. We demonstrate that the contributions to the correlator from the light-cone term $x^2=0$ and the off-light-cone terms $x^2\

  12. The Meson Spectroscopy Program at the Jefferson Laboratory

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Filippi, Alessandro; et. al.,

    2015-06-01

    The experimental techniques that will be applied by the next generation meson spectroscopy experiments at JLab are described. For the first time, these experiments will be able to exploit the features of a photon beam of unprecedented intensity and momentum resolution, that will allow to perform precision studies of meson states with masses below 3 GeV/c^2. Photon induced reactions will enhance the production of spin-1 mesons, that are of particular interest according to the most recent Lattice QCD calculations of the lightest exotic hybrid meson.

  13. CP violation for neutral charmed meson decays to CP eigenstates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dongsheng Du

    2006-11-06

    CP asymmetries for neutral charmed meson decays to CP eigenstates are carefully studied. The formulas and numerical results are presented. The impact on experiments is briefly discussed.

  14. Analyticity properties and unitarity constraints of heavy meson form factors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    De Rafael, E; Eduardo de Rafael; Josep Taron; Rafael, Eduardo de; Taron, Josep

    1994-01-01

    We derive new bounds on the b-number form factor $F(q^2)$ of the B meson. (Revised version of hep-ph/9306214).

  15. Energies and radial distributions of B_s mesons - the effect of hypercubic blocking

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    UKQCD Collaboration; J. Koponen

    2007-03-14

    This is a follow-up to our earlier work for the energies and the charge (vector) and matter (scalar) distributions for S-wave states in a heavy-light meson, where the heavy quark is static and the light quark has a mass about that of the strange quark. We study the radial distributions of higher angular momentum states, namely P- and D-wave states, using a "fuzzy" static quark. A new improvement is the use of hypercubic blocking in the time direction, which effectively constrains the heavy quark to move within a 2a hypercube (a is the lattice spacing). The calculation is carried out with dynamical fermions on a 16^3 times 32 lattice with a lattice spacing approximately 0.10 fm generated using the non-perturbatively improved clover action. The configurations were generated by the UKQCD Collaboration using lattice action parameters beta = 5.2, c_SW = 2.0171 and kappa = 0.1350. In nature the closest equivalent of this heavy-light system is the B_s meson. Attempts are now being made to understand these results in terms of the Dirac equation.

  16. Multiple scattering effects on heavy meson production in p+A...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Multiple scattering effects on heavy meson production in p+A collisions at backward rapidity Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Multiple scattering effects on heavy meson...

  17. Smart Lighting Controller!! Smart lighting!

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anderson, Betty Lise

    'll build the circuit! We'll use an LED to represent the room lights! #12;4! Block diagram! Battery! Rail! #12;23! LED: light-emitting diode! Diode conducts current in only one direction! When current flows1! Smart Lighting Controller!! #12;2! Smart lighting! No need to spend energy lighting the room if

  18. Static-light hadrons on a dynamical anisotropic lattice

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Justin Foley; Alan O Cais; Mike Peardon; Sinead M. Ryan; Jon-Ivar Skullerud

    2005-11-02

    We present preliminary results for the static-light meson and baryon spectra for $N_f=2$ QCD. The study is performed on an anisotropic lattice and uses a new all-to-all propagator method allowing us to determine particle masses to a high precision.

  19. Leptonic Decays of Charged Pseudoscalar Mesons - 2015

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jonathan L. Rosner; Sheldon Stone; Ruth S. Van de Water

    2015-09-07

    We review the physics of purely leptonic decays of $\\pi^\\pm$, $K^\\pm$, $D^{\\pm}$, $D_s^\\pm$, and $B^\\pm$ pseudoscalar mesons. The measured decay rates are related to the product of the relevant weak-interaction-based CKM matrix element of the constituent quarks and a strong interaction parameter related to the overlap of the quark and antiquark wave-functions in the meson, called the decay constant $f_P$. The leptonic decay constants for $\\pi^\\pm$, $K^\\pm$, $D^{\\pm}$, $D_s^\\pm$, and $B^\\pm$ mesons can be obtained with controlled theoretical uncertainties and high precision from {\\it ab initio} lattice-QCD simulations. The combination of experimental leptonic decay-rate measurements and theoretical decay-constant calculations enables the determination of several elements of the CKM matrix within the standard model. These determinations are competitive with those obtained from semileptonic decays, and also complementary because they are sensitive to different quark flavor-changing currents. They can also be used to test the unitarity of the first and second rows of the CKM matrix. Conversely, taking the CKM elements predicted by unitarity, one can infer "experimental" values for $f_P$ that can be compared with theory. These provide tests of lattice-QCD methods, provided new-physics contributions to leptonic decays are negligible at the current level of precision. This review is the basis of the article in the Particle Data Group's 2016 edition, updating the versions in Refs. [1-3].

  20. Photoproduction of mesons off nuclei B. Krusche,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krusche, Bernd

    Abstract Photoproduction of mesons off nuclei, in particular the deuteron, helium-, and lithium. The aim of these measurements was twofold: the study of meson production reactions off quasi-free neutrons the observation of a narrow structure, of as yet unknown nature, in the excitation function of production off

  1. Meson Production at Low Proton Beam Energy X. Ding, UCLA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McDonald, Kirk

    Meson Production at Low Proton Beam Energy (Update) X. Ding, UCLA Target Studies May 9, 2013 15; · Meson Production at low proton beam energy (below 4 GeV) seems higher for Ga than Hg from our kinetic energy · EM: The hadron threshold energy (Default: 0.0145 GeV) · EPSTAM: The star production

  2. The charmed and bottom meson spectrum from lattice NRQCD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Randy Lewis; R. M. Woloshyn

    2000-10-02

    The mass spectrum of S and P-wave mesons containing a single heavy quark has been computed using quenched lattice nonrelativistic QCD. Numerical results have been obtained at first, second and third order in the heavy quark expansion, so convergence can be discussed. The computed spectrum of charmed and bottom mesons is compared to existing model calculations and experimental data.

  3. Production of and Mesons on Nucleons and Nuclei

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krusche, Bernd

    Production of and Mesons on Nucleons and Nuclei B. Krusche1 and C. Wilkin2 1 Department Street, London WC1E 6BT, UK October 23, 2014 Abstract The production of and mesons in photon known about the production of the or of pairs, these also offer tantalizing prospects in the search

  4. An Overview of Meson-Nuclear Physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. W. Thomas

    2010-11-17

    This conference covers an extremely broad range of topics and in just a few pages it is impossible to even touch on all the areas which will be discussed. We have chosen to summarise just one area where there has recently been impressive progress, namely our quantitative understanding of strangeness in the nucleon. We also discuss a couple of examples where theoretical progress is of direct importance for future experiments as well as for the interpretation of hitherto anomalous results. Finally we make some remarks on meson and baryon spectroscopy and the exciting array of new facilities that are coming on-line in the near future.

  5. Mesons: Relativistic Bound States with String Tension

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anishetty, R; Anishetty, Ramesh; Kudtarkar, Santosh Kumar

    2003-01-01

    A systematic method of analysing Bethe-Salpeter equation using spectral representation for the relativistic bound state wave function is given. This has been explicitly applied in the context of perturbative QCD with string tension in the $1 \\over N$ expansion. We show that there are only a few stable bound state mesons due to the small "threshold mass"(constituent mass) of quarks. The asymptotic properties of the bound states are analytically analysed. The spectrum is derived analytically and compared phenomenologically. Chiral symmetry breaking and PCAC results are demonstrated. We make a simple minded observation to determine the size of the bound states as a function of the energy of the boundstate.

  6. QCD description of backward vector meson hard electroproduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. Pire; K. Semenov-Tian-Shansky; L. Szymanowski

    2015-03-10

    We consider backward vector meson exclusive electroproduction off nucleons in the framework of collinear QCD factorization. Nucleon to vector meson transition distribution amplitudes arise as building blocks for the corresponding factorized amplitudes. In the near-backward kinematics, the suggested factorization mechanism results in the dominance of the transverse cross section of vector meson production ($\\sigma_T \\gg \\sigma_L$) and in the characteristic $1/Q^8$-scaling behavior of the cross section. We evaluate nucleon to vector meson TDAs in the cross-channel nucleon exchange model and present estimates of the differential cross section for backward $\\rho^0$, $\\omega$ and $\\phi$ meson production off protons. The resulting cross sections are shown to be measurable in the forthcoming JLab@12 GeV experiments.

  7. Interference in Exclusive Vector Meson Production in Heavy Ion Collisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spencer R. Klein; Joakim Nystrand

    1999-09-03

    Photons emitted from the electromagnetic fields of relativistic heavy ions can fluctuate into quark anti-quark pairs and scatter from a target nucleus, emerging as vector mesons. These coherent interactions are identifiable by final states consisting of the two nuclei and a vector meson with a small transverse momentum. The emitters and targets can switch roles, and the two possibilities are indistinguishable, so interference may occur. Vector mesons are negative parity so the amplitudes have opposite signs. When the meson transverse wavelength is larger than the impact parameter, the interference is large and destructive. The short-lived vector mesons decay before amplitudes from the two sources can overlap, and so cannot interfere directly. However, the decay products are emitted in an entangled state, and the interference depends on observing the complete final state. The non-local wave function is an example of the Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen paradox.

  8. Meson properties in a nonlocal SU(3) chiral quark model at finite temperature

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Contrera, G. A.; Gomez Dumm, D.; Scoccola, N. N.

    2010-11-12

    Finite temperature meson properties are studied in the context of a nonlocal SU(3) quark model which includes flavor mixing and the coupling of quarks to the Polyakov loop (PL). We analyze the behavior of scalar and pseudoscalar meson masses and mixing angles, as well as quark-meson couplings and pseudoscalar meson decay constants.

  9. Higher radial and orbital excitations in the charmed meson family

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qin-Tao Song; Dian-Yong Chen; Xiang Liu; Takayuki Matsuki

    2015-09-16

    Considering abundant experimental information of charmed mesons and the present research status, in this work we systematically study higher radial and orbital excitations in the charmed meson family by analyzing the mass spectrum and calculating their two-body OZI-allowed decay behaviors. This phenomenological analysis not only reveals underlying propertes of the newly observed charmed states $D(2550)$, $D^*(2600)$, $D^*(2760)$, $D(2750)$, $D_J(2580)$, $D^*_J(2650)$, $D^*_J(2760)$, $D_J(2740)$, $D_J(3000)$ and $D^*_J(3000)$, but also provides valuable information of the charmed mesons still missing in experiments.

  10. Light Properties Light travels at the speed of light `c'

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mojzsis, Stephen J.

    LIGHT!! #12;Light Properties Light travels at the speed of light `c' C = 3 x 108 m/s Or 190,000 miles/second!! Light could travel around the world about 8 times in one second #12;What is light?? Light is a "wave packet" A photon is a "light particle" #12;Electromagnetic Radiation and You Light is sometimes

  11. Update on a short-distance D^0-meson mixing calculation with $N_f=2+1$ flavors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C. C. Chang; C. Bernard; C. M. Bouchard; A. X. El-Khadra; E. D. Freeland; E. Gámiz; A. S. Kronfeld; J. Laiho; R. S. Van de Water

    2014-12-13

    We present an update on our calculation of the short-distance $D^0$-meson mixing hadronic matrix elements. The analysis is performed on the MILC collaboration's $N_f=2+1$ asqtad configurations. We use asqtad light valence quarks and the Sheikoleslami-Wohlert action with the Fermilab interpretation for the valence charm quark. SU(3), partially quenched, rooted, staggered heavy-meson chiral perturbation theory is used to extrapolate to the chiral-continuum limit. Systematic errors arising from the chiral-continuum extrapolation, heavy-quark discretization, and quark-mass uncertainties are folded into the statistical errors from the chiral-continuum fits with methods of Bayesian inference. A preliminary error budget for all five operators is presented.

  12. Study of two- and three-meson decay modes of tau-lepton with Monte Carlo generator TAUOLA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shekhovtsova, Olga

    2015-01-01

    The study of the $\\tau$-lepton decays into hadrons has contributed to a better understanding of non-perturbative QCD and light-quark meson spectroscopy, as well as to the search of new physics beyond the Standard Model. The two- and three-meson decay modes, considering only those permitted by the Standard Model, are the predominant decays and together with the one-pion mode compose more than $85\\%$ of the hadronic $\\tau$-lepton decay width. In this note we review the theoretical results for these modes implemented in the Monte Carlo event generator TAUOLA and present at the same time a comparison with the Belle Collaboration data for the two-pion decay mode and the BaBar preliminary data for the three-pion decay mode as well for the decay mode into two-kaon and one-pion.

  13. Determining the Gluonic Content of Isoscalar Mesons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frank E. Close; Glennys R. Farrar; Zhenping Li

    1996-10-08

    We develop tools to determine the gluonic content of a resonance of known mass, width and $J^{PC}$ from its branching fraction in radiative quarkonium decays and production cross section in $\\gamma \\gamma$ collisions. We test the procedures by applying them to known $q\\bar{q}$ mesons, then analyze four leading glueball candidates. We identify inconsistencies in data for $J/\\psi \\to \\gamma f_0(1500)$ and $J/\\psi \\to \\gamma f_J(1710)$ whose resolution can quantify their glueball status.When $\\Gamma(f_0(1500) \\to \\gamma \\gamma )$ and $\\Gamma(f_J(1710) \\to \\gamma \\gamma)$ are known, the $n\\bar{n}, s\\bar{s},gg$ mixing angles can be determined. The enigmatic situation in 1400-1500 MeV region of the isosinglet $0^{-+}$ sector is discussed.

  14. Transport properties of a meson gas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. Fernandez-Fraile; A. Gomez Nicola

    2007-07-09

    We present recent results on a systematic method to calculate transport coefficients for a meson gas (in particular, we analyze a pion gas) at low temperatures in the context of Chiral Perturbation Theory. Our method is based on the study of Feynman diagrams with a power counting which takes into account collisions in the plasma by means of a non-zero particle width. In this way, we obtain results compatible with analysis of Kinetic Theory with just the leading order diagram. We show the behavior with temperature of electrical and thermal conductivities and shear and bulk viscosities, and we discuss the fundamental role played by unitarity. We obtain that bulk viscosity is negligible against shear viscosity near the chiral phase transition. Relations between the different transport coefficients and bounds on them based on different theoretical approximations are also discussed. We also comment on some applications to heavy-ion collisions.

  15. Meson Spectroscopy At Jlab At 12 Gev

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fegan, Stuart

    2014-12-01

    The 12 GeV upgrade to the Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility (CEBAF) at Jefferson Lab will enable a new generation of experiments in hadronic nuclear physics, seeking to address fundamental questions in our understanding of QCD. The existence of exotic states, suggested by both quark models and lattice calculations, would allow gluonic degrees of freedom to be explored, and may help explain the role played by gluons in the QCD interaction. This article will review the meson spectroscopy program being planned at the lab following the 12 GeV upgrade, utilising real and quasi-real photon beams in two of the lab's four experimental halls, whose distinct capabilities will enable an extensive set of spectroscopy experiments to be performed at the same facility.

  16. Meson-meson bound state in a 2+1 lattice QCD model with two flavors and strong coupling

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Faria da Veiga, Paulo A.; O'Carroll, Michael; Neto, Antonio Francisco

    2005-08-01

    We consider the existence of bound states of two mesons in an imaginary-time formulation of lattice QCD. We analyze an SU(3) theory with two flavors in 2+1 dimensions and two-dimensional spin matrices. For a small hopping parameter and a sufficiently large glueball mass, as a preliminary, we show the existence of isoscalar and isovector mesonlike particles that have isolated dispersion curves (upper gap up to near the two-particle threshold {approx}-4ln{kappa}). The corresponding meson masses are equal up to and including O({kappa}{sup 3}) and are asymptotically of order -2ln{kappa}-{kappa}{sup 2}. Considering the zero total isospin sector, we show that there is a meson-meson bound state solution to the Bethe-Salpeter equation in a ladder approximation, below the two-meson threshold, and with binding energy of order b{kappa}{sup 2}{approx_equal}0.02359{kappa}{sup 2}. In the context of the strong coupling expansion in {kappa}, we show that there are two sources of meson-meson attraction. One comes from a quark-antiquark exchange. This is not a meson exchange, as the spin indices are not those of the meson particle, and we refer to this as a quasimeson exchange. The other arises from gauge field correlations of four overlapping bonds, two positively oriented and two of opposite orientation. Although the exchange part gives rise to a space range-one attractive potential, the main mechanism for the formation of the bound state comes from the gauge contribution. In our lattice Bethe-Salpeter equation approach, this mechanism is manifested by an attractive distance-zero energy-dependent potential. We recall that no bound state appeared in the one-flavor case, where the repulsive effect of Pauli exclusion is stronger.

  17. Incoherent photoproduction of $?$-meson from deuteron at low energies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alvin Kiswandhi; YuBing Dong; Shin Nan Yang

    2014-02-14

    The LEPS and CLAS data of the incoherent photoproduction of $\\phi$ meson from deuteron at low energies are studied with a model for $\\phi$ meson photoproduction from nucleon consisting of Pomeron, $\\pi$, and $\\eta$ meson exchanges in the t-channel, and a postulated resonance, with parameters fitted to recent LEPS data on $\\phi$ production from proton near threshold. The resonance was introduced to explain an observed bump in the forward differential cross section. Within impulse approximation, we find that the Fermi motion, final state interaction, and the resonance excitation all give important contributions to improve the agreement with data. However, discrepancies remain. Contributions from $\\phi$ production via spectator nucleon by other mesons like $\\pi, \\rho,$ and $\\phi$ produced from the first nucleon need to be calculated in order to gain insight on the medium effects as well as the existence of the postulated nucleon resonance.

  18. Medium modifications of the rho meson in nuclear photoproduction 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Riek, F.; Rapp, Ralf; Oh, Yongseok; Lee, T. -S H.

    2010-01-01

    We extend our recent study of dilepton invariant-mass spectra from the decays of rho mesons produced by photon reactions off nuclei. We specifically focus on experimental spectra as recently measured by the CLAS Collaboration ...

  19. Discretization effects and the scalar meson correlator in mixed-action lattice simulations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C. Aubin; Jack Laiho; Ruth S. Van de Water

    2008-03-02

    We study discretization effects in a mixed-action lattice theory with domain-wall valence quarks and Asqtad-improved staggered sea quarks. At the level of the chiral effective Lagrangian, discretization effects in the mixed-action theory give rise to two new parameters as compared to the lowest order Lagrangian for staggered fermions -- the residual quark mass, m_res, and the mixed valence-sea meson mass-splitting, Delta_mix. We find that the size of m_res is approximately four times smaller than our lightest valence quark mass on our coarser lattice spacing, and comparable to that of simulations by RBC and UKQCD. We also find that the size of Delta_mix is comparable to the smallest of the staggered meson taste-splittings measured by MILC. Because lattice artifacts are different in the valence and sea sectors of the mixed-action theory, they give rise to unitarity-violating effects that disappear in the continuum limit. Such effects are expected to be mild for many quantities of interest, but are significant in the case of the isovector scalar (a_0) correlator. Specifically, once m_res, Delta_mix, and two other parameters that can be determined from the light pseudoscalar spectrum are known, the two-particle intermediate state "bubble" contribution to the scalar correlator is completely predicted within mixed-action chiral perturbation theory (MAChPT). We find that the behavior of the scalar meson correlator is quantitatively consistent with the MAChPT prediction; this supports the claim that MAChPT describes the dominant unitarity-violating effects in the mixed-action theory and can be used to remove lattice artifacts and recover physical quantities.

  20. Cerenkov Light

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Slifer, Karl

    2014-05-22

    The bright blue glow from nuclear reactors is Cerenkov light. Karl Slifer describes how nuclear physicists can use this phenomenon to study the nucleus of the atom.

  1. Cerenkov Light

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Slifer, Karl

    2013-06-13

    The bright blue glow from nuclear reactors is Cerenkov light. Karl Slifer describes how nuclear physicists can use this phenomenon to study the nucleus of the atom.

  2. Lighting Renovations

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    When undertaking a lighting renovation in a Federal building, daylighting is the primary renewable energy opportunity. Photovoltaics (PV) also present an excellent opportunity. While this guide...

  3. Heavy-light quarks interactions in QCD vacuum

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mirzayusuf Musakhanov

    2015-03-20

    QCD vacuum instantons induce very strong interactions between light quarks, which generate large dynamical light quark mass M for initially almost massless quarks and can bound these quarks to produce almost massless pions in accordance with the spontaneous breaking of chiral symmetry (S\\chiSB). On the other hand, the QCD vacuum instantons generate heavy-light quark interactions terms, which are responsible for the effects of S\\chiSB in a heavy-light quark system. Summing the re-scattering series that lead to the total light quark propagator and making few further steps, we get the fermionized representation of low-frequencies light quark determinant in the presence of the quark sources, which is relevant for our problems. The next important step in the line of this strategy is to derive the equation and calculate the heavy quark propagator in the instanton media and in the presence of light quarks. This one provide finally the heavy and N_f light quarks interaction term. As an example, we derive heavy quark-light mesons interaction term for the N_f=2 case. If we take the average instanton size \\rho=0.35 fm, and average inter-instanton distance R=0.856 fm from our previous estimates, we obtain at LO on 1/N_c expansion dynamical light quark mass M = 570 MeV and instanton media contribution to heavy quark mass \\Delta M=148 MeV. These factors define the coupling between heavy and light quarks and, certainly, between heavy quarks and light mesons. We will apply this approach to heavy quark and heavy-light quark systems.

  4. Measurement of D* Mesons in Jets from p + p Collisions at sqrt s = 200 GeV

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coffin, J.P.; STAR Collaboration

    2009-01-01

    Measurement of D* Mesons in Jets from p + p Collisions at ?sMeasurement of D ? Mesons in Jets from p + p Collisions at sD ? mesons in inclusive jets produced in proton-proton

  5. Electromagnetic Studies of Mesons, Nucleons, and Nuclei

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Baker, Oliver K.

    2013-08-20

    Professor Baker was a faculty member at Hampton University in Hampton, Virginia, and, jointly, a Staff Physicist at Jefferson Lab in nearby Newport News from September 1989 to July 2006. The Department of Energy (DOE) funded the grant DE-FG02-97ER41035 Electromagnetic Studies of Mesons, Nucleons, and Nuclei, while Baker was in this joint appointment. Baker sent a closeout report on these activities to Hampton University’s Sponsored Research Office some years ago, shortly after joining Yale University in 2006. In the period around 2001, the research grant with Baker as the Principal Investigator (PI) was put under the supervision of Professor Liguang Tang at Hampton University. Baker continued to pursue the research while in this join appointment, however the administrative responsibilities with the DOE and with Hampton University rested with Professor Tang after 2001, to my recollection. What is written in this document is from Baker’s memory of the research activities, which he has not pursued since joining the Yale University faculty.

  6. Determining the gluonic content of isoscalar mesons

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Close, F.E. [Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Chilton, Didcot, OX11 0QX (England)] [Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Chilton, Didcot, OX11 0QX (England); Farrar, G.R. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Rutgers University, Piscataway, New Jersey 08855 (United States)] [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Rutgers University, Piscataway, New Jersey 08855 (United States); Li, Z. [Physics Department, Peking University, Beijing, 100871, Peoples Republic of (China)] [Physics Department, Peking University, Beijing, 100871, Peoples Republic of (China)

    1997-05-01

    We develop tools to determine the gluonic content of a resonance of known mass, width, and J{sup PC} from its branching fraction in radiative quarkonium decays and production cross section in {gamma}{gamma} collisions. We test the procedures by applying them to known q{bar q} mesons, then analyze four leading glueball candidates. We identify inconsistencies in data for J/{psi}{r_arrow}{gamma}f{sub 0}(1500) and J/{psi}{r_arrow}{gamma}f{sub J}(1710) whose resolution can quantify their glueball status. When {Gamma}(f{sub 0}(1500){r_arrow}{gamma}{gamma}) and {Gamma}(f{sub J}(1710){r_arrow}{gamma}{gamma}) are known, the n{bar n},s{bar s},gg mixing angles can be determined. The enigmatic situation in the 1400-1500 MeV region of the isosinglet 0{sup {minus}+} sector is discussed. {copyright} {ital 1997} {ital The American Physical Society}

  7. Phenomenology of a pseudoscalar glueball and charmed mesons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eshraim, Walaa I

    2015-01-01

    We study the vacuum properties of the pseudoscalar glueball and charmed mesons by using the so-called extended Linear Sigma Model (eLSM) containing scalar, pseudoscalar, vector and axial-vector states. We calculate the mesonic and baryonic decays of the pseudoscalar glueball, where we fixed its mass to $2.6$ GeV, as predicted by lattice-QCD simulations, and take a closer look at the scalar-isoscalar decay channel. As a second step, we enlarge the so-called extended linear Sigma model (eLSM) by including the charm quark to a global $U(4)_r\\times U(4)_l$ chiral symmetry. Most of the parameters of the model have been determined in a previous work by fitting hadron properties involving three quark flavours. Only three new parameters, all related to the current charm quark mass, appear when introducing charmed mesons. We compute charmed mesons masses, weak decay constants, and strong decay widths of (open and hidden) charmed mesons. Moreover, we calculate the decay width of a pseudoscalar ground state charmonium $...

  8. A study of B Meson lifetime at the KEK B Nakadaira Takeshi1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aihara, Hiroaki

    ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 2.3.6 Electromagnetic Calorimeter (ECL) . . . . . . . . . . . 9 2.3.7 Super-conducting Solenoid amount of B mesons is provided by accelerator. And B mesons produced by asymmetric e+ e- collider

  9. J/psi absorption by nucleons in the meson-exchange model 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oh, Yongseok; Liu, Wei; Ko, Che Ming.

    2007-01-01

    We reinvestigate the J/Psi dissociation processes induced by the reactions with nucleons, J/Psi + N -> D-(*) + Lambda(c), in the meson- exchange model. Main constraints used in this work are vector- meson dominance and charm vector...

  10. Hadronic production of eta--mesons: recent results and open questions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C. Hanhart

    2005-11-17

    I review recent insights and open questions connected with the production of eta--mesons from hadrons.

  11. Pion Superfluidity and Meson Properties at Finite Isospin Density

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lianyi He; Meng Jin; Pengfei Zhuang

    2009-09-27

    We investigate pion superfluidity and its effect on meson properties and equation of state at finite temperature and isospin and baryon densities in the frame of standard flavor SU(2) NJL model. In mean field approximation to quarks and random phase approximation to mesons, the critical isospin chemical potential for pion superfluidity is exactly the pion mass in the vacuum, and corresponding to the isospin symmetry spontaneous breaking, there is in the pion superfluidity phase a Goldstone mode which is the linear combination of the normal sigma and charged pion modes. We calculate numerically the gap equations for the chiral and pion condensates, the phase diagrams, the meson spectra, and the equation of state, and compare them with that obtained in other effective models. The competitions between pion superfluidity and color superconductivity at finite baryon density and between pion and kaon superfluidity at finite strangeness density in flavor SU(3) NJL model are briefly discussed.

  12. Bc Meson Formfactors and Bc-->PV Decays Involving Flavor Dependence of Transverse Quark Momentum

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rohit Dhir; R. C. Verma

    2009-01-08

    We present a detailed analysis of the Bc form factors in the BSW framework, by investigating the effects of the flavor dependence on the average transverse quark momentum inside a meson. Branching ratios of two body decays of Bc meson to pseudoscalar and vector mesons are predicted.

  13. System size and energy dependence of $?$ meson production at RHIC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. H. Chen

    2008-04-28

    We present a system size and energy dependence of $\\phi$ meson production in Cu+Cu and Au+Au collisions at $\\sqrt{s_{NN}}$=62.4 GeV and 200 GeV measured by the STAR experiment at RHIC. We find that the number of participant scaled $\\phi$ meson yields in heavy ion collisions over that of p+p collisions are larger than 1 and increase with collision energy. We compare the results with those of open-strange particles and discuss the physics implication.

  14. D meson hadronic decays at CLEO-c

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yang, Fan; /Fermilab

    2011-01-01

    The recent CLEO-c results on hadronic decays of D and D{sub s} mesons are presented. First the absolute branching fractions for D and D{sub s} mesons using a double tag technique are discussed, then are the Cabibbo suppressed decays and doubly Cabibbo suppressed decays. Finally, I present the inclusive and rare decay modes and other measurements from CLEO-c. These decays illuminate a wide range of physics. A brief theoretical introduction is given before the corresponding discussion on measurement.

  15. Meson production in high-energy electron-nucleus scattering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Göran Fäldt

    2010-06-09

    Experimental studies of meson production through two-photon fusion in inelastic electron-nucleus scattering is now under way. A high-energy photon radiated by the incident electron is fused with a soft photon radiated by the nucleus. The process takes place in the small-angle-Coulomb region of nuclear scattering. We expound the theory for this production process as well as its interference with coherent-radiative-meson production. In particular, we investigate the distortion of the electron wave function due to multiple-Coulomb scattering.

  16. Lighting in the Library

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    by your library lights E Kilowatt-hours consumed by your library lights F Annual cost of operating your library lights H Current lighting index for your library ...

  17. Conformal symmetry algebra of the quark potential and degeneracies in the hadron spectra

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mariana Kirchbach

    2012-07-13

    The essence of the potential algebra concept [3] is that quantum mechanical free motions of scalar particles on curved surfaces of given isometry algebras can be mapped on 1D Schroedinger equations with particular potentials. As long as the Laplace-Beltrami operator on a curved surface is proportional to one of the Casimir invariants of the isometry algebra, free motion on the surface is described by means of the eigenvalue problem of that very Casimir operator and the excitation modes are classified according to the irreps of the algebra of interest. In consequence, also the spectra of the equivalent Schroedinger operators are classified according to the same irreps. We here use the potential algebra concept as a guidance in the search for an interaction describing conformal degeneracies. For this purpose we subject the so(4) isometry algebra of the S^3 ball to a particular non-unitary similarity transformation and obtain a deformed isometry copy to S^3 such that free motion on the copy is equivalent to a cotangent perturbed motion on S^3, and to the 1D Schroedinger operator with the trigonometric Rosen-Morse potential as well. The latter presents itself especially well suited for quark-system studies insofar as its Taylor series decomposition begins with a Cornell-type potential and in accord with lattice QCD predictions. We fit the strength of the cotangent potential to the spectra of the unflavored high-lying mesons and obtain a value compatible with the light dilaton mass. We conclude that while the conformal group symmetry of QCD following from AdS_5/CFT_4 may be broken by the dilaton mass, it still may be preserved as a symmetry algebra of the potential, thus explaining the observed conformal degeneracies in the unflavored hadron spectra, both baryons and mesons.

  18. The $\\sigma, f_0(980)$ and $a_0(980)$ resonances in $J/\\psi\\to N {\\bar N}$ meson meson decays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, C; Vacas, M J V; Li, Chiangbing

    2004-01-01

    We study the four-body decays $J/\\psi\\to N {\\bar N}$ {\\it meson meson} using a chiral unitary approach. The calculation of the $J/\\psi\\to N \\bar N \\pi^+ \\pi^-$ process properly reproduces the experimental data taking the final state interaction (FSI) of mesons and the contribution of intermediate $\\rho$ meson into account. The isoscalar resonances $\\sigma$, $f_0(980)$ and the isovector resonance $a_0(980)$ are generated through the FSI of the mesons in the channels $J/\\psi\\to N \\bar N \\pi^0 \\pi^0$ and $J/\\psi\\to N \\bar N \\pi^0 \\eta$, respectively. We also calculate the two mesons invariant mass distribution and the partial decay width of $J/\\psi\\to N \\bar N K^+ K^-$ and $J/\\psi\\to N \\bar N K^0 {\\bar K}^0$, on which there is still no experimental data available.

  19. Light's Darkness

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Padgett, Miles [University of Glasgow, Glasgow, Scotland

    2010-01-08

    Optical vortices and orbital angular momentum are currently topical subjects in the optics literature. Although seemingly esoteric, they are, in fact, the generic state of light and arise whenever three or more plane waves interfere. To be observed by eye the light must be monochromatic. Laser speckle is one such example, where the optical energy circulates around each black spot, giving a local orbital angular momentum. This talk with report three on-going studies. First, when considering a volume of interfering waves, the laser specs map out threads of complete darkness embedded in the light. Do these threads form loops? Links? Or even knots? Second, when looking through a rapidly spinning window, the image of the world on the other side is rotated: true or false? Finally, the entanglement of orbital angular momentum states means measuring how the angular position of one photons sets the angular momentum of another: is this an angular version of the EPR (Einstein, Podolsky, and Rosen) paradox?

  20. Coulomb gauge approach for charmonium meson and hybrid radiative transitions

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Gou, Peng; Yepez-Martínez, Tochtli; Szczepaniak, Adam P.

    2015-01-22

    We consider the lowest order interaction of the Foldy-Wouthuysen QED and QCD Hamiltonian in the Coulomb gauge approach, to describe radiative transitions between conventional and hybrids charmonium mesons. The results are compared to potential quark models and lattices calculations.

  1. Photoproduction of Heavy Vector Mesons at the LHC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joakim Nystrand

    2005-03-23

    The strong electromagnetic fields associated with high energy protons and nuclei may lead to exclusive photoproduction of vector mesons in proton-proton and nucleus-nucleus collisions at the LHC. This paper will discuss the expected cross sections and rapidity and transverse momentum distributions.

  2. Meson production decreases with increasing proton beam emittance, but

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McDonald, Kirk

    Meson production decreases with increasing proton beam emittance, but careful optimization keeps production a Ga-jet target is then about 88% of that for a Hg-jet target. INFLUENCE OF PROTON BEAM EMITTANCES ON PARTICLE PRODUCTION OFF A MUON COLLIDER TARGET (IPAC13, TUPFI069) The geometric parameters of a free Hg

  3. Types of Lights Types of Lights

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 Types of Lights Types of Lights q So far we have studied point lights ­ Radiate in all direc7ons q Other lights ­ Direc7onal lights (posi7on-independent) ­ Spotlights #12;2 Direc1onal Lights q Shine in a single, uniform direc7on q All rays

  4. Hadronic matrix elements of neutral-meson mixing through lattice QCD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C. C. Chang

    2015-09-23

    Neutral-meson mixing is loop suppressed in the Standard Model, leading to the possibility of enhanced sensitivity to new physics. The uncertainty in Standard Model predictions for $B$-meson oscillation frequencies is dominated by theoretical uncertainties within the short-distance $B$-meson hadronic matrix elements, motivating the need for improved precision. In $D$-meson mixing, the Standard Model short-distance contributions are further suppressed by the GIM mechanism allowing for the possibility of large new physics enhancements. A first-principle determination of the $D$-meson short-distance hadronic matrix elements will allow for model-discrimination between the new physics theories. I review recently published and ongoing lattice calculations of hadronic matrix elements in $B$ and $D$-meson mixing with emphasis on the Fermilab lattice and MILC collaboration effort on the determination of the $B$ and $D$-meson mixing hadronic matrix elements using the methods of lattice QCD.

  5. Light Computing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gordon Chalmers

    2006-10-13

    A configuration of light pulses is generated, together with emitters and receptors, that allows computing. The computing is extraordinarily high in number of flops per second, exceeding the capability of a quantum computer for a given size and coherence region. The emitters and receptors are based on the quantum diode, which can emit and detect individual photons with high accuracy.

  6. Measurement of pi0 and eta Mesons with PHENIX in sqrt(s_NN) = 200 GeV Au+Au Collisions at RHIC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. Sahlmueller; for the PHENIX collaboration

    2008-06-02

    The pi0 meson has been a crucial proble for observing jet quenching in ultrarelativistic heavy-ion collisions at RHIC. Measurements of the eta meson in the same collisions have also shed light on a possible dependence of the observed suppression on the particle species. The preliminary pi0 nuclear modification factor R_AA from the 2004 RHIC run allowed a first systematic comparison between a precise measurement with high statistics and theoretical calculations, constraining model parameters such as the initial gluon density dN^g/dy, and the transport coefficient qhat. The final pi0 spectra and R_AA are shown as well as the first eta results obtained with both PHENIX electromagnetic calorimeters.

  7. How to complete light meson spectroscopy to M = 2410 MeV/c^2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D B Bugg

    2010-11-29

    A measurement of transverse polarisation in pbar-p -> all-neutral final states would almost certainly determine a complete set of partial wave amplitudes over the mass range 1910 to 2410 MeV. This should identify all resonances in this mass range. The experiment is technically straightforward and cheap by present standards.

  8. Light vector meson decay constants and the renormalization factor from a tadpole-improved action

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Randy Lewis; R. M. Woloshyn

    1996-10-18

    The rho, K* and phi decay constants and the vector current renormalization factor are studied by using an O(a^2) classically-improved, tadpole-improved action. Tree-level calculations are used to show how the classical improvement of the action, involving next-nearest-neighbour timesteps, is transferred to the matrix elements. Simulations are performed on coarse lattices and compared to Wilson results from both coarse and fine lattices. The improved action data are found to resemble Wilson data obtained at 1/3 of the lattice spacing, which is the same degree of improvement that is seen by comparing the mass spectra.

  9. Near-threshold Photoproduction of Phi Mesons from Deuterium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    X. Qian; W. Chen; H. Gao; K. Hicks; K. Kramer; J. M. Laget; T. Mibe; Y. Qiang; S. Stepanyan; D. J. Tedeschi; W. Xu; K. P. Adhikari; M. Amaryan; M. Anghinolfi; J. Ball; M. Battaglieri; V. Batourine; I. Bedlinskiy; M. Bellis; A. S. Biselli; C. Bookwalter; D. Branford; W. J. Briscoe; W. K. Brooks; V. D. Burkert; S. L. Careccia; D. S. Carman; P. L. Cole; P. Collins; V. Crede; A. D'Angelo; A. Daniel; N. Dashyan; R. De Vita; E. De Sanctis; A. Deur; B. Dey; S. Dhamija; C. Djalali; D. Doughty; R. Dupre; H. Egiyan; A. El Alaoui; P. Eugenio; S. Fegan; M. Y. Gabrielyan; N. Gevorgyan; G. P. Gilfoyle; K. L. Giovanetti; F. X. Girod; J. T. Goetz; W. Gohn; R. W. Gothe; L. Graham; K. A. Griffioen; M. Guidal; L. Guo; K. Hafidi; H. Hakobyan; C. Hanretty; N. Hassall; M. Holtrop; Y. Ilieva; D. G. Ireland; S. S. Jawalkar; H. S. Jo; K. Joo; D. Keller; M. Khandaker; P. Khetarpal; A. Kim; W. Kim; A. Klein; F. J. Klein; P. Konczykowski; V. Kubarovsky; S. V. Kuleshov; V. Kuznetsov; K. Livingston; D. Martinez; M. Mayer; J. McAndrew; M. E. McCracken; B. McKinnon; C. A. Meyer; K. Mikhailov; T. Mineeva; M. Mirazita; V. Mokeev; B. Moreno; K. Moriya; B. Morrison; H. Moutarde; E. Munevar; P. Nadel-Turonski; A. Ni; S. Niccolai; I. Niculescu; M. R. Niroula; M. Osipenko; A. I. Ostrovidov; R. Paremuzyan; K. Park; S. Park; S. Anefalos Pereira; S. Pisano; O. Pogorelko; S. Pozdniakov; J. W. Price; S. Procureur; D. Protopopescu; G. Ricco; M. Ripani; B. G. Ritchie; G. Rosner; P. Rossi; F. Sabatié; M. S. Saini; C. Salgado; D. Schott; R. A. Schumacher; E. Seder; H. Seraydaryan; Y. G. Sharabian; E. S. Smith; G. D. Smith; D. I. Sober; D. Sokhan; S. S. Stepanyan; P. Stoler; I. I. Strakovsky; S. Strauch; M. Taiuti; C. E. Taylor; S. Tkachenko; M. Ungaro; B . Vernarsky; M. F. Vineyard; E. Voutier; L. B. Weinstein; D. P. Weygand; M. H. Wood; N. Zachariou; L. Zana; J. Zhang; B. Zhao; Z. W. Zhao

    2010-12-14

    We report the first measurement of the differential cross section on $\\phi$-meson photoproduction from deuterium near the production threshold for a proton using the CLAS detector and a tagged-photon beam in Hall B at Jefferson Lab. The measurement was carried out by a triple coincidence detection of a proton, $K^+$ and $K^-$ near the theoretical production threshold of 1.57 GeV. The extracted differential cross sections $\\frac{d\\sigma}{dt}$ for the initial photon energy from 1.65-1.75 GeV are consistent with predictions based on a quasifree mechanism. This experiment establishes a baseline for a future experimental search for an exotic $\\phi$-N bound state from heavier nuclear targets utilizing subthreshold/near-threshold production of $\\phi$ mesons.

  10. Moments of $?$ meson spectral functions in vacuum and nuclear matter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Philipp Gubler; Wolfram Weise

    2015-07-14

    Moments of the $\\phi$ meson spectral function in vacuum and in nuclear matter are analyzed, combining a model based on chiral SU(3) effective field theory (with kaonic degrees of freedom) and finite-energy QCD sum rules. For the vacuum we show that the spectral density is strongly constrained by a recent accurate measurement of the $e^+ e^- \\to K^+ K^-$ cross section. In nuclear matter the $\\phi$ spectrum is modified by interactions of the decay kaons with the surrounding nuclear medium, leading to a significant broadening and an asymmetric deformation of the $\\phi$ meson peak. We demonstrate that both in vacuum and nuclear matter, the first two moments of the spectral function are compatible with finite-energy QCD sum rules. A brief discussion of the next-higher spectral moment involving strange four-quark condensates is also presented.

  11. Testing the EPR Locality using B-Mesons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tsubasa Ichikawa; Satoshi Tamura; Izumi Tsutsui

    2008-07-03

    We study the possibility of testing local realistic theory (LRT), envisioned implicitly by Einstein, Podolsky and Rosen in 1935, based on the Bell inequality for the correlations in the decay modes of entangled K or B-mesons. It is shown that such a test is possible for a restricted class of LRT, despite the passive nature of decay events and/or the non-unitary treatment of the correlations which invalidate the test for general LRT. Unfortunately, the present setup of the KEKB (Belle) experiment, where the coherence of entangled B-mesons has been confirmed recently, does not admit such a test due to the inability of determining the decay times of the entangled pairs separately. The indeterminacy also poses a problem for ensuring the locality of the test, indicating that improvement to resolve the indeterminacy is crucial for the test of LRT.

  12. Observation of ?c1 Decays into Vector Meson Pairs ??, ?? and, ??

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Ablikim, M.; Achasov, M. N.; An, L.; An, Q.; An, Z. H.; Bai, J. Z.; Baldini, R.; Ban, Y.; Becker, J.; Berger, N.; et al

    2011-08-22

    Using (106±4)×10? ?(3686) events accumulated with the BESIII detector at the BEPCII e?e? collider, we present the first measurement of decays of ?c1 to vector meson pairs ??, ??, and ??. The branching fractions are measured to be (4.4±0.3±0.5)×10??, (6.0±0.3±0.7)×10??, and (2.2±0.6±0.2)×10??, for ?c1 ???, ??, and ??, respectively, which indicates that the hadron helicity selection rule is significantly violated in ?cJ decays. In addition, the measurement of ?cJ??? provides the first indication of the rate of doubly OZI-suppressed ?cJ decay. Finally, we present improved measurements for the branching fractions of ?c0 and ?c2 to vector meson pairs.

  13. Meson photoproduction in the first and second resonance region

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. Krusche

    2003-04-02

    The study of baryon resonances via meson photoproduction reactions on the free proton and on nucleons in the nuclear medium is discussed. Special emphasis is laid on the production of neutral mesons which due to the suppression of non-resonant backgrounds are particularly well suited for the study of excited states of the nucleon. Experiments carried out during the last ten years with the TAPS-detector at the Mainz Microtron (MAMI) have very significantly contributed to a detailed investigation of the low lying nucleon resonances P33(1232), D13(1520) and S11(1535). The most recent results from single and double pion production and from eta-photoproduction are summarised.

  14. Nuclear symmetry energy in a modified quark meson coupling model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mishra, R N; Panda, P K; Barik, N; Frederico, T

    2015-01-01

    We study nuclear symmetry energy and the thermodynamic instabilities of asymmetric nuclear matter in a self-consistent manner by using a modified quark-meson coupling model where the confining interaction for quarks inside a nucleon is represented by a phenomenologically averaged potential in an equally mixed scalar-vector harmonic form. The nucleon-nucleon interaction in nuclear matter is then realized by introducing additional quark couplings to $\\sigma$, $\\omega$, and $\\rho$ mesons through mean-field approximations. We find an analytic expression for the symmetry energy ${\\cal E}_{sym}$ as a function of its slope $L$. Our result establishes a linear correlation between $L$ and ${\\cal E}_{sym}$. We also analyze the constraint on neutron star radii in $(pn)$ matter with $\\beta$ equilibrium.

  15. Finite volume effects for nucleon and heavy meson masses

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Colangelo, Gilberto; Fuhrer, Andreas; Lanz, Stefan

    2010-08-01

    We apply the resummed version of the Luescher formula to analyze finite volume corrections to the mass of the nucleon and of heavy mesons. We show that by applying the subthreshold expansion of the scattering amplitudes one can express the finite volume corrections in terms of only a few physical observables and the size of the box. In the case of the nucleon, the available information about the quark mass dependence of these physical quantities is discussed and used to assess the finite volume corrections to the nucleon mass as a function of the quark mass including a detailed analysis of the remaining uncertainties. For heavy mesons, the Luescher formula is derived both fully relativistically and in a nonrelativistic approximation and a first attempt at a numerical analysis is made.

  16. Residential Lighting

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMassR&D100Nationalquestionnaires 0 Averagequestionnaires 7tniLighting Sign In

  17. Testing MEM with Diquark and thermal Meson Correlation Functions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    I. Wetzorke; F. Karsch

    2000-11-03

    When applying the maximum entropy method (MEM) to the analysis of hadron correlation functions in QCD a central issue is to understand to what extent this method can distinguish bound states, resonances and continuum contributions to spectral functions. We discuss these issues by analyzing meson and diquark correlation functions at zero temperature as well as free quark anti-quark correlators. The latter test the applicability of MEM to high temperature QCD.

  18. CP Violation in B Meson Decays: Experimental Results

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lanceri, Livio; /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste

    2005-08-30

    CP violation is intimately connected with the puzzle of matter-antimatter asymmetry and baryogenesis. In the Standard Model of particle physics, the observed CP violation phenomena are accounted for by the Cabibbo-Kobayashi-Maskawa mechanism involving a phase in the quark mixing matrix. This paper is devoted to a review of the experimental status of CP violation in the decays of B mesons.

  19. Correlations between D and Dbar mesons in high energy photoproduction

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Erik E Gottschalk

    2002-11-13

    Over 7000 events containing a fully reconstructed D{bar D} pair have been extracted from data recorded by the FOCUS photoproduction experiment at Fermilab. Preliminary results from a study of correlations between D and {bar D} mesons are presented. Correlations are used to study perturbative QCD predictions and investigate non-perturbative effects. We also present a preliminary result on the production of {psi}(3770).

  20. Production of $?$ and $?'$ Mesons on Nucleons and Nuclei

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. Krusche; C. Wilkin

    2014-10-28

    The production of $\\eta$ and $\\eta^{\\prime}$ mesons in photon- and hadron-induced reactions on free and quasi-free nucleons and on nuclei is reviewed. The extensive database on $\\gamma N \\to \\eta N$, for both proton and neutron targets, is described in detail and its implications for the search for $N^{\\star}$ resonances much heavier than the dominant $S_{11}(1535)$ discussed. Though less is currently known about the production of the $\\eta^{\\prime}$ or of $\\eta\\pi$ pairs, these also offer tantalizing prospects in the search for the missing isobars. The more limited data available on pion-induced production are still necessary ingredients in the partial wave analysis discussed. The production of the $\\eta$-meson in $pp$ and $pn$ collisions shows once again the strong influence of the $S_{11}(1535)$ isobar, which is in contrast to the relatively weak behaviour seen near threshold for $\\eta^{\\prime}$ production. This difference is reflected in the important final state interaction effects of the $\\eta$ in nuclei that may even lead to this meson being "bound" in some systems. The evidence for this is reviewed for both $\\gamma A$ and $p A$ collisions. The inclusive photoproduction of $\\eta$, $\\eta^{\\prime}$, and $\\eta\\pi$ pairs from nuclei provides further information regarding the production mechanism and the interaction of the $\\eta$ and $\\eta^{\\prime}$ with nuclei and the $\\eta\\pi$ pairs may even allow access to low mass $\\eta A$ systems that are forbidden in direct single-meson photoproduction.

  1. LED Lighting Basics

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Light-Emitting diodes (LEDs) efficiently produce light in a fundamentally different way than any legacy or traditional source of light.

  2. Pseudoscalar Mesons in the SU(3) Linear Sigma Model with Gaussian Functional Approximation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hua-Xing Chen; V. Dmitrasinovic; Hiroshi Toki

    2010-04-13

    We study the SU(3) linear sigma model for the pseudoscalar mesons in the Gaussian Functional Approximation (GFA). We use the SU(3) linear sigma model Lagrangian with nonet scalar and pseudo-scalar mesons including symmetry breaking terms. In the GFA, we take the Gaussian Ansatz for the ground state wave function and apply the variational method to minimize the ground state energy. We derive the gap equations for the dressed meson masses, which are actually just variational parameters in the GFA method. We use the Bethe-Salpeter equation for meson-meson scattering which provides the masses of the physical nonet mesons. We construct the projection operators for the flavor SU(3) in order to work out the scattering T-matrix in an efficient way. In this paper, we discuss the properties of the Nambu-Goldstone bosons in various limits of the chiral $U_L(3)\\times U_R(3)$ symmetry.

  3. New Insights into the Coupling of $\\eta $ and $f_1$ Mesons to the Nucleon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kirchbach, M; Neumeier, S; Kamalov, S S

    1996-01-01

    We show that the contact couplings of neutral pseudoscalar and axial mesons to the nucleon are proportional to $\\Delta s$, the fraction of nucleon spin carried by the strange quark sea, and thus are strongly suppressed relative to the couplings of charged mesons to the nucleon. On the other side, recent high accuracy data on $\\eta $ photoproduction at threshold reveal the need for non--negligibile $\\eta NN$ vertices, while fitting $\\bar N N$ phase shifts by means of effective meson exchange potentials requires a substantial presence of $f_1$ mesons there. We here advocate the idea to attribute the couplings of neutral pseudoscalar and axial vector mesons to effective triangular diagrams containig non--strange mesons and demonstrate its usefulness in describing available data.

  4. Compact stars in a SU(3) Quark-Meson Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andreas Zacchi; Rainer Stiele; Juergen Schaffner-Bielich

    2015-06-05

    The recent observations of the massive pulsars PSR J1614-2230 and of PSR J0348+0432 with about two solar masses implies strong constraints on the properties of dense matter in the core of compact stars. Effective models of QCD aiming to describe neutron star matter can thereby be considerably constrained. In this context, a chiral quark-meson model based on a SU(3) linear $\\sigma$-model with a vacuum pressure and vector meson exchange is discussed in this work. The impact of its various terms and parameters on the equation of state and the maximum mass of compact stars are delineated to check whether pure quark stars with two solar masses are feasible within this approach. Large vector meson coupling constant and a small vacuum pressure allow for maximum masses of two or more solar masses. However, pure quark stars made of absolutely stable strange quark matter, so called strange stars, turn out to be restricted to a quite small parameter range.

  5. Compact stars in a SU(3) Quark-Meson Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zacchi, Andreas; Schaffner-Bielich, Juergen

    2015-01-01

    The recent observations of the massive pulsars PSR J1614-2230 and of PSR J0348+0432 with about two solar masses implies strong constraints on the properties of dense matter in the core of compact stars. Effective models of QCD aiming to describe neutron star matter can thereby be considerably constrained. In this context, a chiral quark-meson model based on a SU(3) linear $\\sigma$-model with a vacuum pressure and vector meson exchange is discussed in this work. The impact of its various terms and parameters on the equation of state and the maximum mass of compact stars are delineated to check whether pure quark stars with two solar masses are feasible within this approach. Large vector meson coupling constant and a small vacuum pressure allow for maximum masses of two or more solar masses. However, pure quark stars made of absolutely stable strange quark matter, so called strange stars, turn out to be restricted to a quite small parameter range.

  6. Exclusive Vector Meson Production in Relativistic Heavy Ion Collisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spencer Klein; Joakim Nystrand

    1999-02-06

    Exclusive vector meson production reactions such as $Au + Au \\to Au + Au + V$, where $V=\\rho, \\omega, \\phi$ or $J/\\psi$ can proceed through photon-Pomeron and photon-meson interactions. Photons from the electromagnetic field of one nucleus interact coherently with the other nucleus. Photonuclear cross sections are scaled from $\\gamma p$ data, and convoluted with the photon spectrum to find the exclusive rates. The cross sections at the RHIC and LHC heavy ion colliders are huge, 10% of the total hadronic cross section at RHIC, and 50% at LHC. These accelerators may be useful as vector meson factories. With iodine beams at RHIC, 640 $\\rho$ are produced each second (10^{10}/year); with calcium at the LHC the rate is 240 kHz. The $\\phi$ rates are 39 Hz at RHIC and 15 kHz at LHC, while the $J/\\psi$ rate is 0.3 Hz at RHIC and 780 Hz at the LHC. Because of the coherent couplings, the reactions kinematics are similar to coherent two-photon interactions; we discuss the interplay between the two reactions.

  7. Phenomenology of semileptonic B-meson decays with form factors from lattice QCD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Du, Daping; Gottlieb, Steven; Kronfeld, A S; Laiho, J; Lunghi, E; Van de Water, R S; Zhou, Ran

    2015-01-01

    We study the exclusive semileptonic $B$-meson decays $B\\to K(\\pi)\\ell^+\\ell^-$, $B \\to K(\\pi)\

  8. Phenomenology of semileptonic B-meson decays with form factors from lattice QCD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daping Du; A. X. El-Khadra; Steven Gottlieb; A. S. Kronfeld; J. Laiho; E. Lunghi; R. S. Van de Water; Ran Zhou

    2015-10-22

    We study the exclusive semileptonic $B$-meson decays $B\\to K(\\pi)\\ell^+\\ell^-$, $B \\to K(\\pi)\

  9. Wave functions and decay constants of $B$ and $D$ mesons in the relativistic potential model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mao-Zhi Yang

    2012-01-30

    With the decay constants of $D$ and $D_s$ mesons measured in experiment recently, we revisit the study of the bound states of quark and antiquark in $B$ and $D$ mesons in the relativistic potential model. The relativistic bound state wave equation is solved numerically. The masses, decay constants and wave functions of $B$ and $D$ mesons are obtained. Both the masses and decay constants obtained here can be consistent with the experimental data. The wave functions can be used in the study of $B$ and $D$ meson decays.

  10. Sandia Energy - (Lighting and) Solid-State Lighting: Science...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    (Lighting and) Solid-State Lighting: Science, Technology, Economic Perspectives Home Energy Research EFRCs Solid-State Lighting Science EFRC (Lighting and) Solid-State Lighting:...

  11. Sustainable Office Lighting Options

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    Sustainable Office Lighting Options Task Lighting: Task lighting is a localized method of lighting a workspace so that additional, unnecessary lighting is eliminated, decreasing energy usage and costs. Illumination levels in the targeted work areas are higher with task lighting than with the ambient levels

  12. An Enquiry Concerning Charmless Semileptonic Decays of Bottom Mesons

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chaisanguanthum, Kris Somboon; /Harvard U. /SLAC

    2008-09-19

    The branching fractions for the decays B {yields} P{ell}{nu}{sub {ell}}, where P are the pseudoscalar charmless mesons {pi}{sup {+-}}, {pi}{sup 0}, {eta} and {eta}{prime} and {ell} is an electron or muon, are measured with B{sup 0} and B{sup {+-}} mesons found in the recoil of a second B meson decaying as B {yields} D{ell}{nu}{sub {ell}} or B {yields} D*{ell}{nu}{sub {ell}}. The measurements are based on a data set of 348 fb{sup -1} of e{sup +}e{sup -} collisions at {radical}s = 10.58 GeV recorded with the BABAR detector. Assuming isospin symmetry, measured pionic branching fractions are combined into {Beta}(B{sup 0} {yields} {pi}{sup -}{ell}{sup +}{nu}{sub {ell}}) = (1.54 {+-} 0.17{sub (stat)} {+-} 0.09{sub (syst)}) x 10{sup -4}. First evidence of the B{sup +} {yields} {eta}{ell}{sup +}{nu}{sub {ell}} decay is seen; its branching fraction is measured to be {Beta}(B{sup +} {yields} {eta}{ell}{sup +}{nu}{sub {ell}}) = (0.64 {+-} 0.20{sub (stat)} {+-} 0.03{sub (syst)}) x 10{sup -4}. It is determined that {Beta}(B{sup +} {yields} {eta}{prime}{ell}{sup +}{nu}{sub {ell}}) < 0.47 x 10{sup -4} to 90% confidence. Partial branching fractions for the pionic decays in ranges of the momentum transfer and various published calculations of the B {yields} {pi} hadronic form factor are used to obtain values of the magnitude of the Cabibbo-Kobayashi-Maskawa matrix element V{sub ub} between 3.61 and 4.07 x 10{sup -3}.

  13. BRST quantization of SU(2/1) electro-weak theory in the superconnection approach - and the Higgs meson mass

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hwang, D S; Ne'eman, Yuval

    1994-01-01

    BRST quantization of SU(2/1) electro-weak theory in the superconnection approach - and the Higgs meson mass

  14. Using COSY-11 apparatus for the precise studies of the natural width of the eta prime meson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    E. Czerwinski; P. Moskal

    2007-10-17

    We present preliminary results and motivation of measurement of the total width of the eta prime meson.

  15. Bounds on R-parity violating supersymmetric couplings from leptonic and semileptonic meson decays

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dreiner, H. K.; Kraemer, M.; O'Leary, Ben [Physikalisches Institut der Universitaet Bonn, Nussallee 12, 53115 Bonn (Germany); Institut fuer Theoretische Physik E, RWTH Aachen, 52056 Aachen (Germany); S.U.P.A., School of Physics, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH9 3JZ, Scotland (United Kingdom) and Institut fuer Theoretische Physik E, RWTH Aachen, 52056 Aachen (Germany)

    2007-06-01

    We present a comprehensive update of the bounds on R-parity violating supersymmetric couplings from lepton-flavor- and lepton-number-violating decay processes. We consider {tau} and {mu} decays as well as leptonic and semileptonic decays of mesons. We present several new bounds resulting from {tau}, {eta}, and kaon decays and correct some results in the literature concerning B meson decays.

  16. Study of the production mechanism of the eta meson by means of analysing power measurements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. Czyzykiewicz; P. Moskal; H. -H. Adam; A. Budzanowski; E. Czerwinski; D. Gil; D. Grzonka; M. Janusz; L. Jarczyk; B. Kamys; A. Khoukaz; P. Klaja; B. Lorentz; J. Majewski; W. Oelert; C. Piskor-Ignatowicz; J. Przerwa; J. Ritman; H. Rohdjess; T. Rozek; T. Sefzick; M. Siemaszko; J. Smyrski; A. Taeschner; K. Ulbrich; P. Winter; M. Wolke; P. Wuestner; W. Zipper

    2006-09-13

    Information about the production mechanism of the eta meson in proton-proton collisions can be inferred by confronting the experimental studies on the analysing power for the p(pol)p --> pp eta reaction with the theoretical predictions of this observable. Results show that the predictions of pure pseudoscalar- or vector meson exchange model are insufficient to describe the analysing powers.

  17. Study of the production mechanism of the eta meson by means of analysing power measurements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Czyzykiewicz, R; Adam, H H; Budzanowski, A; Czerwinski, E; Gil, D; Grzonka, D; Janusz, M; Jarczyk, L; Kamys, B; Khoukaz, A; Klaja, P; Lorentz, B; Majewski, J; Oelert, W; Piskor-Ignatowicz, C; Przerwa, J; Ritman, J; Rohdjess, H; Rozek, T; Sefzick, T; Siemaszko, M; Smyrski, J; Täschner, A; Ulbrich, K; Winter, P; Wolke, M; Wüstner, P; Zipper, W

    2007-01-01

    Information about the production mechanism of the eta meson in proton-proton collisions can be inferred by confronting the experimental studies on the analysing power for the p(pol)p --> pp eta reaction with the theoretical predictions of this observable. Results show that the predictions of pure pseudoscalar- or vector meson exchange model are insufficient to describe the analysing powers.

  18. Meson Production Comparison between HG and GA at 8 GeV

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McDonald, Kirk

    optimization (0.5cm/67mrad/33 mrad) 57340 (Pos) 60791 (Neg) 118131 (Sum) 46414 (Pos) 48830 (Neg) 95244 (Sum) Meson Production after optimization 61255 (Pos) 66996 (Neg) 128351 (Sum) (16.6% higher than GA case) 54129 (Pos) 55958 (Neg) 110087 (Sum) 53253 (Pos) 54091 (Neg) 107343 (Sum) #12;Meson Production

  19. Effects of (N)over-Barn Polarization on Vector-Meson Masses at Finite-Temperature 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Song, C. S.; Xia, P. W.; Ko, Che Ming.

    1995-01-01

    Effects of (N) over bar N polarization on vector meson (rho and omega) masses at finite temperature are studied. Including a reduced nucleon mass in a hot matter, we find that the reduction of vector meson masses due to the vacuum effect is larger...

  20. Study of CP Asymmetry in the Neutral B Meson Decays to Two Charged Pions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aihara, Hiroaki

    Study of CP Asymmetry in the Neutral B Meson Decays to Two Charged Pions Nakadaira Takeshi 1 December 2002 1 nakadair@hep.phys.s.u­tokyo.ac.jp #12; Abstract We present the measurement of CP ­violating as a B 0 # # + # - CP eigenstate and identify the flavor of the accompanying B meson from its decay

  1. Study of CP Asymmetry in the Neutral B Meson Decays to Two Charged Pions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aihara, Hiroaki

    Study of CP Asymmetry in the Neutral B Meson Decays to Two Charged Pions Nakadaira Takeshi1 December 2002 1 nakadair@hep.phys.s.u-tokyo.ac.jp #12;Abstract We present the measurement of CP + - CP eigenstate and identify the flavor of the accompanying B meson from its decay products. From

  2. Search for CP Violation in D± Meson Decays to ??±

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Stari?, M.; Aihara, H.; Arinstein, K.; Asner, D. M.; Aushev, T.; Bakich, A. M.; Bay, A.; Bhardwaj, V.; Bhuyan, B.; Bozek, A.; Bra?ko, M.; Browder, T. E.; Chen, A.; Chen, P.; Cheon, B. G.; Chilikin, K.; Chistov, R.; Cho, I.-S.; Cho, K.; Choi, Y.; Doležal, Z.; Drásal, Z.; Eidelman, S.; Fast, J. E.; Gaur, V.; Gabyshev, N.; Golob, B.; Haba, J.; Hayasaka, K.; Horii, Y.; Hoshi, Y.; Hou, W.-S.; Hsiung, Y. B.; Iijima, T.; Inami, K.; Ishikawa, A.; Itoh, R.; Iwabuchi, M.; Iwasaki, Y.; Iwashita, T.; Julius, T.; Kang, J. H.; Kawasaki, T.; Kiesling, C.; Kim, H. J.; Kim, H. O.; Kim, J. B.; Kim, K. T.; Kim, M. J.; Kim, Y. J.; Kinoshita, K.; Ko, B. R.; Kobayashi, N.; Koblitz, S.; Kodyš, P.; Korpar, S.; Križan, P.; Kumita, T.; Kwon, Y.-J.; Lange, J. S.; Lee, S.-H.; Li, J.; Li, Y.; Libby, J.; Liu, C.; Liu, Z. Q.; Louvot, R.; McOnie, S.; Miyabayashi, K.; Miyata, H.; Miyazaki, Y.; Mohanty, G. B.; Nakano, E.; Natkaniec, Z.; Nishida, S.; Nitoh, O.; Nozaki, T.; Ohshima, T.; Okuno, S.; Olsen, S. L.; Pakhlova, G.; Park, H. K.; Park, K. S.; Pestotnik, R.; Petri?, M.; Piilonen, L. E.; Röhrken, M.; Ryu, S.; Sahoo, H.; Sakai, K.; Sakai, Y.; Sanuki, T.; Schneider, O.; Schwanda, C.; Schwartz, A. J.; Seon, O.; Sevior, M. E.; Shebalin, V.; Shen, C. P.; Shibata, T.-A.; Shiu, J.-G.; Shwartz, B.; Simon, F.; Smerkol, P.; Sohn, Y.-S.; Sokolov, A.; Stani?, S.; Sumihama, M.; Sumisawa, K.; Tatishvili, G.; Teramoto, Y.; Trabelsi, K.; Uchida, M.; Uehara, S.; Uglov, T.; Unno, Y.; Uno, S.; Urquijo, P.; Varner, G.; Vossen, A.; Wang, C. H.; Wang, M.-Z.; Watanabe, M.; Watanabe, Y.; Williams, K. M.; Won, E.; Yabsley, B. D.; Yamashita, Y.; Yuan, C. Z.; Zhang, C. C.; Zhang, Z. P.; Zhilich, V.; Zhulanov, V.; Zupanc, A.

    2012-02-01

    We search for CP violation in Cabibbo-suppressed charged D meson decays by measuring the difference between the CP-violating asymmetries for the Cabibbo-suppressed decays D±?K?K??± and the Cabibbo-favored decays D±s?K?K??± in the K?K? mass region of the ? resonance. Using 955 fb?¹ of data collected with the Belle detector, we obtain AD?????CP=(+0.51±0.28±0.05)%. The measurement improves the sensitivity of previous searches by more than a factor of 5. We find no evidence for direct CP violation.

  3. Double vector meson production in the International Linear Collider

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    F. Carvalho; V. P. Goncalves; B. D. Moreira; F. S. Navarra

    2015-04-17

    In this paper we study double vector meson production in $\\gamma \\gamma$ interactions at high energies and, using the color dipole picture, estimate the main observables which can be probed at the International Linear Collider (ILC). The total $\\gamma (Q_1^2) + \\gamma (Q_2^2) \\rightarrow V_1 + V_2$ cross-sections for $V_i = \\rho$, $\\phi$, $J/\\psi$ and $\\Upsilon$ are computed and the energy and virtuality dependencies are studied in detail. Our results demonstrate that the experimental analysis of this process is feasible at the ILC and it can be useful to constrain the QCD dynamics at high energies.

  4. Polarization Observables in the Photoproduction of Two Pseudoscalar Mesons

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Winston Roberts

    2005-10-12

    The many polarization observables that can be measured in process like {gamma}N {yields} M{sub 1}M{sub 2}B, where M{sub 1} and M{sub 2} are pseudoscalar mesons and B is a spin-1/2 baryon, are discussed. The relationships among these observables, their symmetries, as well as inequalities that they satisfy are briefly discussed. Within the context of a particular model for {gamma}N {yields} NKK, some of the observables are calculated, and their sensitivity to the ingredients of the model, and hence to the underlying dynamics of the process, are discussed.

  5. Double vector meson production in the International Linear Collider

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carvalho, F; Moreira, B D; Navarra, F S

    2015-01-01

    In this paper we study double vector meson production in $\\gamma \\gamma$ interactions at high energies and, using the color dipole picture, estimate the main observables which can be probed at the International Linear Collider (ILC). The total $\\gamma (Q_1^2) + \\gamma (Q_2^2) \\rightarrow V_1 + V_2$ cross-sections for $V_i = \\rho$, $\\phi$, $J/\\psi$ and $\\Upsilon$ are computed and the energy and virtuality dependencies are studied in detail. Our results demonstrate that the experimental analysis of this process is feasible at the ILC and it can be useful to constrain the QCD dynamics at high energies.

  6. CP Measurement in Quantum Teleportation of Neutral Mesons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yu Shi; Yue-Liang Wu

    2008-07-08

    Quantum teleportation using neutral pseudoscalar mesons shows novel connections between particle physics and quantum information. The projection basis, which is crucial in the teleportation process, is determined by the conservation laws of particle physics, and is different from the Bell basis, as in the usual case. Here we show that one can verify the teleportation process by CP measurement. This method significantly simplifies the high energy quantum teleportation protocol. Especially, it is rigorous, and is independent of whether CP is violated in weak decays. This method can also be applied to general verification of Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen correlations in particle physics.

  7. Search for CP Violation in D± Meson Decays to ??±

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Stari?, M.; Aihara, H.; Arinstein, K.; Asner, D. M.; Aushev, T.; Bakich, A. M.; Bay, A.; Bhardwaj, V.; Bhuyan, B.; Bozek, A.; et al

    2012-02-13

    We search for CP violation in Cabibbo-suppressed charged D meson decays by measuring the difference between the CP-violating asymmetries for the Cabibbo-suppressed decays D±?K?K??± and the Cabibbo-favored decays D±s?K?K??± in the K?K? mass region of the ? resonance. Using 955 fb?¹ of data collected with the Belle detector, we obtain AD?????CP=(+0.51±0.28±0.05)%. The measurement improves the sensitivity of previous searches by more than a factor of 5. We find no evidence for direct CP violation.

  8. Lighting Options for Homes.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Baker, W.S.

    1991-04-01

    This report covers many aspects of various lighting options for homes. Types of light sources described include natural light, artificial light, incandescent lamps, fluorescent lamps, and high intensity discharge lamps. A light source selection guide gives the physical characteristics of these, design considerations, and common applications. Color, strategies for efficient lighting, and types of lighting are discussed. There is one section giving tips for various situations in specific rooms. Rooms and types of fixtures are shown on a matrix with watts saved by using the recommended type lighting for that room and room location. A major emphasis of this report is saving energy by utilizing the most suitable, recommended lighting option. (BN)

  9. Mobile lighting apparatus

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Roe, George Michael; Klebanoff, Leonard Elliott; Rea, Gerald W; Drake, Robert A; Johnson, Terry A; Wingert, Steven John; Damberger, Thomas A; Skradski, Thomas J; Radley, Christopher James; Oros, James M; Schuttinger, Paul G; Grupp, David J; Prey, Stephen Carl

    2013-05-14

    A mobile lighting apparatus includes a portable frame such as a moveable trailer or skid having a light tower thereon. The light tower is moveable from a stowed position to a deployed position. A hydrogen-powered fuel cell is located on the portable frame to provide electrical power to an array of the energy efficient lights located on the light tower.

  10. B-physics with dynamical domain-wall light quarks and relativistic b-quarks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ruth S. Van de Water; Oliver Witzel

    2011-01-24

    We report on our progress in calculating the B-meson decay constants and B^0-bar B^0 mixing parameters using domain-wall light quarks and relativistic b-quarks. We present our computational method and show some preliminary results obtained on the coarser (a approx 0.11fm) 24^3 lattices. This work is presented on behalf of the RBC and UKQCD collaborations.

  11. Hadronic light-by-light contribution to $a_\\mu$: extended Nambu-Jona-Lasinio, chiral quark models and chiral Lagrangians

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bijnens, Johan

    2015-01-01

    This talk discusses our old work on the hadronic light-by-light contribution to the muon anomalous magnetic moment and some more recent contributions. I discuss the various contributions starting with pseudo-scalar meson exchange, the quark- and pion-loop, as well as scalar and $a_1$-exchange. For the $\\pi^0$-exchange I point out a possible large enhancement when only connected contributions are included. For the quark-loop I include some comments about the more recent estimates of this contribution. The pion-loop is discussed in more detail, in particular I discuss our unpublished work on including effects from $a_1$ and the polarizability.

  12. Search for CP violation in charged D meson decays

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yumiceva, Francisco Xavier; /South Carolina U.

    2005-05-04

    At the present time, Charge-Parity asymmetry or CP Violation is one of the most studied topics in high energy physics. Precise measurements of CP parameters can test sensitive sectors of the Standard Model (SM). These measurements could also give us clues about physics beyond the SM. Furthermore, since CP Violation is one of the necessary conditions for generating a matter-antimatter asymmetric Universe according to the baryogenesis model of Sakharov, a better understanding of these processes will improve our knowledge about the origin of the Universe. CP Violation in single Cabibbo-Suppressed charged D meson decays is predicted by the SM to have asymmetries of the order of {Omicron}(10{sup -3}), results bigger than this will be strong evidence of physics beyond the SM. We report results of the search for CP violation in D{sup +} {yields} K{sup -}K{sup +}{pi}{sup +} meson decays. The selection criteria were optimized using a control sample from data with a luminosity of 9.8 fb{sup -1}.

  13. Nucleon Resonance Electrocouplings from the CLAS Meson Electroproduction Data.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Inna Aznauryan, Volker Burkert, Viktor Mokeev

    2012-04-01

    Transition helicity amplitudes {gamma}{sub {nu}}NN* (electrocouplings) were determined for prominent excited proton states with masses less than 1.8 GeV in independent analyses of major meson electroproduction channels: {pi}{sup +}n, {pi}{sup 0}p and {pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -}p. Consistent results on resonance electrocouplings obtained from analyses of these exclusive reactions with very different non-resonant contributions demonstrated reliable extraction of these fundamental quantities for states that have significant decays for either N{pi} or N{pi}{pi} channels. Preliminary results on electrocouplings of N* states with masses above 1.6 GeV have become available from the CLAS data on {pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -}p electroproduction off protons for the first time. Comparison with quark models and coupled channel approaches strongly suggest that N* structure is determined by contributions from an internal core of three constituent quarks and an external meson-baryon cloud at the distance scales covered in measurements with the CLAS detector.

  14. Practical image based lighting 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Jaemin

    2003-01-01

    information is lighting. Image based lighting that is developed to recover illumination information of the real world from photographs has recently been popular in computer graphics. In this thesis we present a practical image based lighting method. Our...

  15. Light in the city

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Srinivasan, Kavita, 1976-

    2002-01-01

    This thesis focuses on enhancing the awareness of light for the pedestrian,and using light as a way of revealing the structure of the city and its relation to the cosmos. It proposes that aesthetic qualities of light inform ...

  16. Advances in Lighting 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tumber, A. J.

    1981-01-01

    Increasing electricity costs have made a significant impact on lighting. The Illuminating Engineering society (I.E.S.) and the lighting industry are producing new standards, procedures and products to make lighting more appropriate and energy...

  17. Natural lighting and skylights 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evans, Benjamin Hampton

    1961-01-01

    There are many physiological and psychological factors which enter into the proper design of space for human occupancy. One of these elements is light. Both natural light and manufactured light are basic tools with which any designer must work...

  18. Specific light in sculpture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Powell, John William

    1989-01-01

    Specific light is defined as light from artificial or altered natural sources. The use and manipulation of light in three dimensional sculptural work is discussed in an historic and contemporary context. The author's work ...

  19. Advanced Demand Responsive Lighting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Advanced Demand Responsive Lighting Host: Francis Rubinstein Demand Response Research Center demand responsive lighting systems ­ Importance of dimming ­ New wireless controls technologies · Advanced Demand Responsive Lighting (commenced March 2007) #12;Objectives · Provide up-to-date information

  20. Light Duty Combustion Research: Advanced Light-Duty Combustion...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Light Duty Combustion Research: Advanced Light-Duty Combustion Experiments Light Duty Combustion Research: Advanced Light-Duty Combustion Experiments 2009 DOE Hydrogen Program and...

  1. Lighting in Commercial Buildings

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    are also under consideration. Outside the DOE, the Environmental Protection Agency's Green Lights program promotes energy-efficient lighting as a means to reducing...

  2. Lighting in Commercial Buildings

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Motivation and Computation of Lighting Measures Floorspace by Lighting Equipment Configuration As described in Appendix A, for each building b, the CBECS data set has the total...

  3. Lighting in Commercial Buildings

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    more comprehensive understanding of commercial lighting and the potential for lighting energy savings. Steps to build on this analysis can be taken in many directions. One...

  4. Leavenworth Tree Lighting

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Join HERO for our annual Leavenworth Tree Lighting Ceremony & Shopping SATURDAY DECEMBER 12, 2015 Leavenworth Christmas Lighting Festival Visitors return year after year for some...

  5. Lighting in Commercial Buildings

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    light by passing electricity through mercury vapor, which causes the fluorescent coating to glow or fluoresce. High-Efficiency Ballast (HEB): A lighting conservation feature...

  6. Exciting White Lighting

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Windows that emit light and are more energy efficient? Universal Display’s PHOLED technology enables windows that have transparent light-emitting diodes in them.

  7. Lighting Controls | Department of Energy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Controls Lighting Controls Use lighting controls to automatically turn lights on and off as needed, and save energy. | Photo courtesy of iStockphoto.comMaliketh. Use lighting...

  8. Coherent Vector Meson Photoproduction with Nuclear Breakup in Relativistic Heavy Ion Collisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anthony J. Baltz; Spencer R. Klein; Joakim Nystrand

    2002-05-10

    Relativistic heavy ions are copious sources of virtual photons. The large photon flux gives rise to a substantial photonuclear interaction probability at impact parameters where no hadronic interactions can occur. Multiple photonuclear interactions in a single collision are possible. In this letter, we use mutual Coulomb excitation of both nuclei as a tag for moderate impact parameter collisions. We calculate the cross section for coherent vector meson production accompanied by mutual excitation, and show that the median impact parameter is much smaller than for untagged production. The vector meson rapidity and transverse momentum distribution are very different from untagged exclusive vector meson production.

  9. Neutral meson production in pp and Pb-Pb collisions at the LHC measured with ALICE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. Peresunko

    2012-10-21

    We present spectra of $\\pi^0$, $\\eta$ and $\\omega$ mesons in pp collisions and $\\pi^{0}$ mesons in Pb-Pb collisions measured with ALICE at LHC energies. The $\\pi^0$ and $\\eta$ mesons are reconstructed via their two-photon decays by two complementary methods, using the electromagnetic calorimeters and photon conversion technique; both measurements show perfect agreement. We measure the nuclear modification factor ($R_{AA}$) of $\\pi^0$ production in Pb-Pb collisions at different collision centralities and compare with lower energy results and theoretical predictions.

  10. Comment on "Mixing and Decay Constants of Pseudoscalar Mesons"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kirchbach, M

    1999-01-01

    The key assumption used recently by Feldmann, Kroll and Stich [Phys.Rev. D58, 114006 (1998)] that the decay constants f_\\eta, and f_\\eta ' of the respective eta and eta ' mesons in the quark flavor basis follow the pattern of strange and non--strange quarkonia mixing in their wave functions, is reproduced in identifying the non-isotriplet part of the strong neutral axial current with the genuine axial hypercharge current J_{\\mu, 5}^Y =\\bar q \\gamma_\\mu\\gamma_5 Y/2 q, where Y=C+S+B is defined by the Gell-Mann-Nakano-Nishijima relation as the sum of charm (C), strangeness (S), and baryon (B) quark quantum numbers. The inequivalence between octet and hypercharge axial currents is pointed out.

  11. Staggered fermions, zero modes, and flavor-singlet mesons

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Donald, Gordon C; Davies, Christine T.H.; Follana, Eduardo; Kronfeld, Andreas S.

    2011-09-12

    We examine the taste structure of eigenvectors of the staggered-fermion Dirac operator. We derive a set of conditions on the eigenvectors of modes with small eigenvalues (near-zero modes), such that staggered fermions reproduce the 't Hooft vertex in the continuum limit. We also show that, assuming these conditions, the correlators of flavor-singlet mesons are free of contributions singular in 1/m, where m is the quark mass. This conclusion holds also when a single flavor of sea quark is represented by the fourth root of the staggered-fermion determinant. We then test numerically, using the HISQ action, whether these conditions hold onmore »realistic lattice gauge fields. We find that the needed structure does indeed emerge.« less

  12. Rare radiative decays of the $B_c$ meson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ju, Wan-Li; Jiang, Yue; Yuan, Han; Wang, Guo-Li

    2015-01-01

    In this paper, we study the rare radiative processes $B_c\\to D_{(s)J} ^{(*)}\\gamma$ within the Standard Model, where $D_{(s)J}^{(*)}$ stands for the meson $D_{(s)}^*$, $D_{s1}(2460,2536)$ or $D_{s2}^*(2573)$. During the investigations, we consider the contributions from the penguin, annihilation, color-suppressed and color-favored cascade diagrams. Our results show that: 1) the penguin and annihilation contributions are dominant in the branching fractions; 2) for the processes $B_c\\to D_{(s)}^{*}\\gamma$ and $B_c\\to D_{s1}(2460)\\gamma$, the effects from the color-suppressed and color-favored cascade diagrams are un-ignorable.

  13. New physics searches with B mesons at the ATLAS experiment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nooney, Tamsin; The ATLAS collaboration

    2015-01-01

    The large amount of Heavy Flavour data collected by the ATLAS experiment is potentially sensitive to New Physics, which may be found in the mixing of B meson states, or through processes that are naturally suppressed in the Standard Model. We present the most recent results on the measurement of the decay of the $B_{s}$ into $J/\\psi$ $\\phi$ based on full data collected in LHC Run-1 and with updated flavour tagging improving the accuracy in the CP-violating phase $\\phi_{s}$. We also present the measurement of the decay time difference in the $B_{d}$ system. The most recent results on the search for the rare decay $B_{s}$ ($B^{0}$) $\\rightarrow$ $\\mu^{+}$ $\\mu^{-}$ are presented as well as results on the angular distribution parameters $A_{FB}$ and $F_{L}$ describing the decay $B_{d}$ $\\rightarrow$ $K^{*}\\mu^{+}\\mu^{-}$ $\\rightarrow$ $K^{+}\\pi^{-} \\mu^{+} \\mu^{-}$.

  14. Low energy scattering phase shifts for meson-baryon systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Detmold, William

    2015-01-01

    In this work, we calculate meson-baryon scattering phase shifts in four channels using lattice QCD methods. From a set of calculations at four volumes, corresponding to spatial sizes of 2, 2.5, 3, and 4 fm, and a pion mass of m_pi ~ 390 MeV, we determine the scattering lengths and effective ranges for these systems at the corresponding quark masses. We also perform the calculation at a lighter quark mass, m_pi ~ 230 MeV, on the largest volume. Using these determinations, along with those in previous work, we perform a chiral extrapolation of the scattering lengths to the physical point after correcting for the effective range contributions using the multi-volume calculations performed at m_pi ~ 390 MeV.

  15. D-meson production in the GM-VFN scheme

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. A. Kniehl

    2006-08-10

    We study the inclusive hadrodroduction of D^0, D^+, D^{*+}, and D_s^+ mesons at next-to-leading order in the parton model of quantum chromodynamics endowed with universal non-perturbative fragmentation functions (FFs) fitted to e^+e^- annihilation data from CERN LEP1. Working in the general-mass variable-flavor-number scheme, we resum the large logarithms through the evolution of the FFs and, at the same time, retain the full dependence on the charm-quark mass without additional theoretical assumptions. In this way, the cross section distributions in transverse momentum recently measured by the CDF Collaboration in run II at the Fermilab Tevatron are described within errors.

  16. Pedestrian Friendly Outdoor Lighting

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Miller, N. J.; Koltai, R. N.; McGowan, T. K.

    2013-12-01

    The GATEWAY program followed two pedestrian-scale lighting projects that required multiple mockups – one at Stanford University in California and the other at Chautauqua Institution in upstate New York. The report provides insight into pedestrian lighting criteria, how they differ from street and area lighting criteria, and how solid-state lighting can be better applied in pedestrian applications.

  17. Measurements of B± Meson production at LHCb and characterisation of hybrid photon detectors 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Young, Ross Donaldson

    2012-08-08

    LHCb is an experiment designed to make precision measurements of Charge- Parity violation in the B meson system. We report a measurement of the B± crosssection and production asymmetry, using B± ? J/u K± decays collected ...

  18. Interactions of $B_{c}$ Meson in Relativistic Heavy-Ion Collisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Irfan, Shaheen; Masud, Bilal

    2015-01-01

    We calculate the absorbtion cross-sections of $B_{c}$ mesons by $\\pi$ and $\\rho$ mesons including anomalous processes using an effective hadronic Lagrangian. The enhancement of Bc production is expected due to QGP formation in heavy-ion experiments. However it is also expected that the production rate of Bc meson can be affected due to the interaction with comovers. These processes are relevant for experiments at RHIC. Thermal average cross-sections of $B_{c}$ are evaluated with form factor when a cut off parameter in it is 1 and 2 GeV. Using these thermal average cross-sections in the kinetic equation we investigate the time evolution of $B_{c}$ mesons due to dissociation in the hadronic matter formed at RHIC.

  19. An AdS/QCD holographic wavefunction for the rho meson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. R. Forshaw; R. Sandapen

    2012-07-18

    We use an AdS/QCD holographic wavefunction to generate predictions for the rate of diffractive {\\rho}-meson electroproduction that are in reasonable agreement with data collected at the HERA electron-proton collider.

  20. ? meson production in d+Au collisions at ?sNN = 200 GeV

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Adare, A.

    2015-10-19

    The PHENIX Collaboration has measured ? meson production in d+Au collisions at ?sNN=200 GeV using the dimuon and dielectron decay channels. The ? meson is measured in the forward (backward) d-going (Au-going) direction, 1.2 T) range from 1–7 GeV/c and at midrapidity |y|T range below 7 GeV/c. The ? meson invariant yields and nuclear-modification factors as a function of pT, rapidity, and centrality are reported. An enhancement of ? meson production is observed in the Au-going direction, while suppression is seen in the d-going direction,more »and no modification is observed at midrapidity relative to the yield in p+p collisions scaled by the number of binary collisions. As a result, similar behavior was previously observed for inclusive charged hadrons and open heavy flavor, indicating similar cold-nuclear-matter effects.« less

  1. Dynamical Coupled-Channel Model of Meson Production Reactions in the Nucleon Resonance Region

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    T.-S. H. Lee; A. Matsuyama; T. Sato

    2006-11-15

    A dynamical coupled-channel model is presented for investigating the nucleon resonances (N*) in the meson production reactions induced by pions and photons. Our objective is to extract the N* parameters and to investigate the meson production reaction mechanisms for mapping out the quark-gluon substructure of N* from the data. The model is based on an energy-independent Hamiltonian which is derived from a set of Lagrangians by using a unitary transformation method.

  2. Recent results on the nonmesonic weak decay of hypernuclei within a one-meson-exchange model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Parreno; A. Ramos; C. Bennhold

    2001-09-06

    We update our previous results for the nonmesonic decay of $^{12}_\\Lambda$C and $^5_\\Lambda$He. We pay special attention to the role played by Final State Intreractions on the decay observables. We follow a One-Meson-Exchange model which includes the exchange of the $\\pi, \\rho, K, K^*, \\eta$ and $\\omega$ mesons. We also present recent predictions for different observables concerning the decay of the doubly strange $^6_{\\Lambda \\Lambda}$He hypernucleus.

  3. Collision Broadening of the Phi Meson in Baryon Rich Hadronic Matter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wade Smith; Kevin L. Haglin

    1997-10-11

    Phi meson-baryon cross sections, estimated within a one-boson-exchange model, serve as input for a calculation of the collision rates in hot hadronic matter. We find that the width of the \\phi meson is modified through collisions with baryons by 1-10 MeV at 160 MeV temperature depending on the baryon fugacity. Thermalization of the \\phi in high energy heavy ion collisions is discussed.

  4. Production of D*+ (2010) mesons by high-energy neutrinos from the Tevatron

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Asratian, A.E.; Aderholz, M.; Ammosov, V.V.; Barth, M.; Bingham, H.H.; Brucker, E.B.; Burnstein, R.A.; Chatterjee, T.K.; Clayton, E.C.; Ermolov, P.F.; Erofeeva, I.N.; Faulkner, P.J.W.; Gapienko, G.S.; Guy, J.; Hanlon, J.; Harigel, G.; Ivanilov, A.A.; Jain, V.; Jones, G.T.; Jones, M.D.; Kafka, T.; /UC, Berkeley /Birmingham U. /Brussels U., IIHE

    1997-08-01

    Charged vector D*{sup +}(2010) meson production is studied in a high energy neutrino bubble chamber experiment with mean neutrino energy of 141 GeV. The D*{sup +} are produced in (5.6 {+-} 1.8)% of the neutrino charged current interactions, indicating a steep increase of cross section with energy. The mean fractional hadronic energy of the D*{sup +} meson is 0.55 {+-} 0.06.

  5. Tips: Lighting | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Tips: Lighting Tips: Lighting Lighting choices save you money. Energy-efficient light bulbs are available in a wide variety of sizes and shapes. Lighting choices save you money....

  6. Study of B Meson Decays to ppbarh Final States

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hryn'ova, Tetiana B.; /SLAC

    2006-03-22

    B mesons are unique among well-established non-quarkonium mesons in their ability to decay into baryons. Baryonic B decays offer a wide range of interesting areas of study: they can be used to test our theoretical understanding of rare decay processes involving baryons, search for direct CP violation and study low-energy QCD. This thesis presents measurements of branching fractions and a study of the decay dynamics of the charmless three-body decays of B meson into p{bar p}h final states, where h = {pi}{sup +}, K{sup +}, K{sub S}{sup 0}, K*{sup 0} or K*{sup +}. With a sample of 232 million {Upsilon}(4S) {yields} B{bar B} events collected with the BaBar detector, we report the first observation of the B {yields} p{bar p}K*{sup 0} decay, and provide improved measurements of branching fractions of the other modes. The distribution of the three final-state particles is of particular interest since it provides dynamical information on the possible presence of exotic intermediate states such as the hypothetical pentaquark states {Theta}*{sup ++} and {Theta}{sup +}in the m{sub pK{sup +}} and m{sub pK{sub S}{sup 0}} spectra, respectively, or glueball states (such as the tensor glueball f{sub J}(2220)) in the m{sub p{bar p}} spectrum. No evidence for exotic states is found and upper limits on the branching fractions are set. An enhancement at low p{bar p} mass is observed in all the B {yields} p{bar p}h modes, and its shape is compared between the decay modes and with the shape of the time-like proton form factor. A Dalitz plot asymmetry in B {yields} p{bar p}K{sup +} mode suggests dominance of the penguin amplitude in this decay and disfavors the possibility that the low mass p{bar p} enhancement originates from the presence of a resonance below threshold (such as the recently seen baryonium candidate at 1835 MeV/c{sup 2}). We also identify decays of the type B {yields} X{sub c{bar c}}h {yields} p{bar p}h, where h = K{sup +}, K{sub S}{sup 0}, K*{sup 0} or K*{sup +}, and X{sub c{bar c}} = {eta}{sub c} or J/{psi}. In particular, we report on the evidence of the B {yields} {eta}{sub c}K*{sup +} decay and provide a measurement of the width of {eta}{sub c}.

  7. Deficiencies of Lighting Codes and Ordinances in Controlling Light Pollution from Parking Lot Lighting Installations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Royal, Emily

    2012-05-31

    The purpose of this research was to identify the main causes of light pollution from parking lot electric lighting installations and highlight the deficiencies of lighting ordinances in preventing light pollution. Using an industry-accepted lighting...

  8. OpenGL Lighting 13. OpenGL Lighting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McDowell, Perry

    OpenGL Lighting 13. OpenGL Lighting · Overview of Lighting in OpenGL In order for lighting to have an effect in OpenGL, two things are required: A light An object to be lit Lights can be set to any color determine how they reflect the light which hits them. The color(s) of an object is determined

  9. CONNECTED LIGHTING SYSTEMS MEETING

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    There is a lot of buzz today about the Internet of Things and the convergence of intelligent controllable light sources, communication networks, sensors, and data exchange in future lighting...

  10. Fast Light, Fast Neutrinos?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kevin Cahill

    2011-10-10

    In certain media, light has been observed with group velocities faster than the speed of light. The recent OPERA report of superluminal 17 GeV neutrinos may describe a similar phenomenon.

  11. Kyler Nelson Light Timer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kachroo, Pushkin

    designated by the user, the Arduino board will dim the light to save energy. The user designates the time instance, the light is dimmed using pulse width modulation (PWM) in the Arduino's pin number 11

  12. Automatic lighting controls demonstration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rubinstein, F.; Verderber, R.

    1990-03-01

    The purpose of this work was to demonstrate, in a real building situation, the energy and peak demand reduction capabilities of an electronically ballasted lighting control system that can utilize all types of control strategies to efficiently manage lighting. The project has demonstrated that a state-of-the-art electronically ballasted dimmable lighting system can reduce energy and lighting demand by as least 50% using various combinations of control strategies. By reducing light levels over circulation areas (tuning) and reducing after hours light levels to accommodate the less stringent lighting demands of the cleaning crew (scheduling), lighting energy consumption on weekdays was reduced an average of 54% relative to the initial condition. 10 refs., 14 figs., 3 tabs.

  13. Heavy-light decay constants---MILC results with the Wilson action

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MILC Collaboration; Claude Bernard; Tom Blum; Thomas A. DeGrand; Carleton DeTar; Steven Gottlieb; Urs M. Heller; Jim Hetrick; Craig McNeile; Kari Rummukainen; A. Soni; Bob Sugar; Doug Toussaint; Matthew Wingate

    1997-07-15

    We present the current status of our ongoing calculations of pseudoscalar meson decay constants for mesons that contain one light and one heavy quark (f_B, f_{B_s}, f_D, f_{D_s}). We are currently generating new gauge configurations that include dynamical quarks and calculating the decay constants. In addition, we have several new results for the static approximation. Those results, as well as several refinements to the analysis, are new since Lattice '96. Our current (still preliminary) value for f_B is 156 +- 11 +- 30 +- 14 MeV, where the first error is from statistical and fitting errors, the second error is an estimate of other systematic errors within the quenched approximation and the third error is an estimate of the quenching error. For the ratio f_{B_s}/f_B, we get 1.11 +- 0.02 +- 0.03 +- 0.07.

  14. Lighting and Daylight Harvesting 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bos, J.

    2011-01-01

    in 1992 to serve the lighting design needs of the architectural and interior design communities. With over fifty years of combined experience, our areas of expertise range from architectural and theatrical lighting to custom fixture design. Bos... Lighting Design We are active members of the International Association of Lighting Designers, the American Institute of Architects, the Illuminating Engineering Society, International Dark Skies Association and the United States Green Building Council...

  15. LED Lighting Retrofit 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shaw-Meadow, N.

    2011-01-01

    kWh is the one that never gets used? ?Dedicated to making environmentally responsible products? Ringdale Introduction LED Roadway Lighting Better Light, Fewer Watts. Period. Nathan Shaw-Meadow LED Lighting Specialist Ringdale ActiveLED ESL.../exponential efficiency growth often deters investment today 7 Challenges to Implementation ESL-KT-11-11-57 CATEE 2011, Dallas, Texas, Nov. 7 ? 9, 2011 ? Municipal Street Light Case Study 8 ? Replaced 400W High Pressure Sodium fixtures with 52W Active...

  16. Light emitting device comprising phosphorescent materials for white light generation

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Thompson, Mark E.; Dapkus, P. Daniel

    2014-07-22

    The present invention relates to phosphors for energy downconversion of high energy light to generate a broadband light spectrum, which emit light of different emission wavelengths.

  17. And the Oscar for Sustainable Mobile Lighting Goes to.... Lighting...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    And the Oscar for Sustainable Mobile Lighting Goes to.... Lighting Up Operations with Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Technology And the Oscar for Sustainable Mobile Lighting Goes to.......

  18. Mixing and CP Violation in Charm Meson Decays

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Meadows, B; /Cincinnati U.

    2010-08-26

    Mixing and CP violation (CPV ) in the neutral D system were first discussed over thirty years ago but mixing was observed for the first time only very recently. Since then, these observations have been confirmed in other experiments and in other D{sup 0} decay modes. Unlike the K, B and B{sub s} systems, for which mixing was observed years earlier, the short distance ({Delta}C = 2) amplitude contributing to mixing in the D system arises from box diagrams with down- rather than up-type quarks in the loops. The d and s components are GIM-suppressed, and the b component is suppressed by the small V{sub ub} CKM coupling. In the standard model (SM), therefore, long range, non-perturbative effects, a coherent sum over intermediate states accessible to both D{sup 0} and {bar D}{sup 0}, are the main contribution to mixing. These are hard to compute reliably, however. The phenomenon of mixing in neutral meson systems has now been observed in all flavours, but only in the past year in the D{sup 0} system. The standard model anticipated that, for the charm sector, the mixing rate would be small, and also that CP violation, either in mixing or in direct decay, would be below the present levels of observability. It is hoped that further study of these phenomena might reveal signs of new physics. A review of recently available, experimental results is given.

  19. Nuclear mass form factors from coherent photoproduction of $?^0$ mesons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. Krusche

    2005-09-01

    Data for coherent photoproduction of $\\pi^0$ mesons from nuclei ($^{12}$C, $^{40}$Ca, $^{93}$Nb, $^{nat}$Pb), recently measured with the TAPS detector at the Mainz MAMI accelerator, have been analyzed in view of the mass form factors of the nuclei. The form factors have been extracted in plane wave approximation of the $A(\\gamma ,\\pi^0)A$ reaction and corrected for final state interaction effects with the help of distorted wave impulse approximations. Nuclear mass rms-radii have been calculated from the slope of the form factors for $q^2\\to 0$. Furthermore, the Helm model (hard sphere form factor folded with Gaussian) was used to extract diffraction radii from the zeroes of the form factor and skin thicknesses from the position and height of its first maximum. The diffraction radii from the Helm model agree with the corresponding charge radii obtained from electron scattering experiments within their uncertainties of a few per cent. The rms-radii from the slope of the form factors are systematically lower by up to 5% for PWIA and up to 10% for DWIA. Also the skin thicknesses extracted from the Helm model are systematically smaller than their charge counter parts.

  20. Experimental study of $?$ meson photoproduction reaction at MAMI

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. L. Kashevarov; the A2 Collaboration at MAMI

    2015-06-08

    New data for the differential cross sections, polarization observables $T$, $F$, and $E$ in the reaction of $\\eta$ photoproduction on proton from the threshold up to a center-of-mass energy of W=1.9 GeV are presented. The data were obtained with the Crystal-Ball/TAPS detector setup at the Glasgow tagged photon facility of the Mainz Microtron MAMI. The polarization measurements were made using a frozen-spin butanol target and circularly polarized photon beam. The results are compared to existing experimental data and different PWA predictions. The data solve a long-standing problem related the angular dependence of older $T$ data close to threshold. The unexpected relative phase motion between $s$- and $d$-wave amplitudes required by the old data is not confirmed. At higher energies, all model predictions fail to reproduce the new polarization data indicating a significant impact on our understanding of the underlying dynamics of $\\eta$ meson photoproduction. Furthermore, we present a fit of the new data and existing data from GRAAL for $\\Sigma$ asymmetry based on an expansion in terms of associated Legendre polynomials. A Legendre decomposition shows the sensitivity to small partial-wave contributions. The sensitivity of the Legendre coefficients to the nucleon resonance parameters is shown using the $\\eta$MAID isobar model.

  1. Lighting Design | Department of Energy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Design Lighting Design Energy-efficient indoor and outdoor lighting design focuses on ways to improve both the quality and efficiency of lighting. | Photo courtesy of...

  2. Light extraction from organic light-emitting diodes for lighting applications by sand-blasting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Light extraction from organic light-emitting diodes for lighting applications by sand@ust.hk Abstract: Light extraction from organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) by scattering the light is one of the effective methods for large-area lighting applications. In this paper, we present a very simple and cost

  3. Induction Lighting: An Old Lighting Technology Made New Again

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Induction lighting is one of the best kept secrets in energy-efficient lighting. Simply stated, induction lighting is essentially a fluorescent light without electrodes or filaments, the items that...

  4. Light-Front Holographic QCD and Emerging Confinement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stanley J. Brodsky; Guy F. de Teramond; Hans Gunter Dosch; Joshua Erlich

    2015-02-13

    In this report we explore the remarkable connections between light-front dynamics, its holographic mapping to gravity in a higher-dimensional anti-de Sitter (AdS) space, and conformal quantum mechanics. This approach provides new insights into the origin of a fundamental mass scale and the physics underlying confinement dynamics in QCD in the limit of massless quarks. The result is a relativistic light-front wave equation for arbitrary spin with an effective confinement potential derived from a conformal action and its embedding in AdS space. This equation allows for the computation of essential features of hadron spectra in terms of a single scale. The light-front holographic methods described here gives a precise interpretation of holographic variables and quantities in AdS in terms of light-front variables and quantum numbers. This leads to a relation between the AdS wave functions and the boost-invariant light-front wave functions describing the internal structure of hadronic bound states in physical space-time. The pion is massless in the chiral limit and the excitation spectra of relativistic light-quark meson and baryon bound states lie on linear Regge trajectories with identical slopes in the radial and orbital quantum numbers. In the light-front holographic approach described here currents are expressed as an infinite sum of poles, and form factors as a product of poles. At large $q^2$ the form factor incorporates the correct power-law fall-off for hard scattering independent of the specific dynamics and is dictated by the twist. At low $q^2$ the form factor leads to vector dominance. The approach is also extended to include small quark masses. We briefly review in this report other holographic approaches to QCD, in particular top-down and bottom-up models based on chiral symmetry breaking. We also include a discussion of open problems and future applications.

  5. Light-front holographic QCD and emerging confinement

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brodsky, Stanley J.; de Téramond, Guy F.; Dosch, Hans Günter; Erlich, Joshua

    2015-05-21

    In this study we explore the remarkable connections between light-front dynamics, its holographic mapping to gravity in a higher-dimensional anti-de Sitter (AdS) space, and conformal quantum mechanics. This approach provides new insights into the origin of a fundamental mass scale and the physics underlying confinement dynamics in QCD in the limit of massless quarks. The result is a relativistic light-front wave equation for arbitrary spin with an effective confinement potential derived from a conformal action and its embedding in AdS space. This equation allows for the computation of essential features of hadron spectra in terms of a single scale. The light-front holographic methods described here give a precise interpretation of holographic variables and quantities in AdS space in terms of light-front variables and quantum numbers. This leads to a relation between the AdS wave functions and the boost-invariant light-front wave functions describing the internal structure of hadronic bound-states in physical spacetime. The pion is massless in the chiral limit and the excitation spectra of relativistic light-quark meson and baryon bound states lie on linear Regge trajectories with identical slopes in the radial and orbital quantum numbers. In the light-front holographic approach described here currents are expressed as an infinite sum of poles, and form factors as a product of poles. At large q2 the form factor incorporates the correct power-law fall-off for hard scattering independent of the specific dynamics and is dictated by the twist. At low q2 the form factor leads to vector dominance. The approach is also extended to include small quark masses. We briefly review in this report other holographic approaches to QCD, in particular top-down and bottom-up models based on chiral symmetry breaking. We also include a discussion of open problems and future applications.

  6. Light-front holographic QCD and emerging confinement

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Brodsky, Stanley J.; de Téramond, Guy F.; Dosch, Hans Günter; Erlich, Joshua

    2015-05-21

    In this study we explore the remarkable connections between light-front dynamics, its holographic mapping to gravity in a higher-dimensional anti-de Sitter (AdS) space, and conformal quantum mechanics. This approach provides new insights into the origin of a fundamental mass scale and the physics underlying confinement dynamics in QCD in the limit of massless quarks. The result is a relativistic light-front wave equation for arbitrary spin with an effective confinement potential derived from a conformal action and its embedding in AdS space. This equation allows for the computation of essential features of hadron spectra in terms of a single scale. Themore »light-front holographic methods described here give a precise interpretation of holographic variables and quantities in AdS space in terms of light-front variables and quantum numbers. This leads to a relation between the AdS wave functions and the boost-invariant light-front wave functions describing the internal structure of hadronic bound-states in physical spacetime. The pion is massless in the chiral limit and the excitation spectra of relativistic light-quark meson and baryon bound states lie on linear Regge trajectories with identical slopes in the radial and orbital quantum numbers. In the light-front holographic approach described here currents are expressed as an infinite sum of poles, and form factors as a product of poles. At large q2 the form factor incorporates the correct power-law fall-off for hard scattering independent of the specific dynamics and is dictated by the twist. At low q2 the form factor leads to vector dominance. The approach is also extended to include small quark masses. We briefly review in this report other holographic approaches to QCD, in particular top-down and bottom-up models based on chiral symmetry breaking. We also include a discussion of open problems and future applications.« less

  7. Excited meson radiative transitions from lattice QCD using variationally optimized operators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Christian J. Shultz; Jozef J. Dudek; Robert G. Edwards

    2015-01-29

    We explore the use of optimized operators, designed to interpolate only a single meson eigenstate, in three-point correlation functions with a vector-current insertion. These operators are constructed as linear combinations in a large basis of meson interpolating fields using a variational analysis of matrices of two-point correlation functions. After performing such a determination at both zero and non-zero momentum, we compute three-point functions and are able to study radiative transition matrix elements featuring excited state mesons. The required two- and three-point correlation functions are efficiently computed using the distillation framework in which there is a factorization between quark propagation and operator construction, allowing for a large number of meson operators of definite momentum to be considered. We illustrate the method with a calculation using anisotopic lattices having three flavors of dynamical quark all tuned to the physical strange quark mass, considering form-factors and transitions of pseudoscalar and vector meson excitations. The dependence on photon virtuality for a number of form-factors and transitions is extracted and some discussion of excited-state phenomenology is presented.

  8. Lighting the Night: Technology, Urban Life and the Evolution of Street Lighting [Light in Place

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Holden, Alfred

    1992-01-01

    Electrical 16. "Highway Lighting by So­ dium Vapor Lamps,"Possibilities of Street: Lighting Improve­ ments," TheLaunches Broad Street Lighting Promotion Campaign," The

  9. ECE 466: LED Lighting Systems -Incandescent lightings rise and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Connors, Daniel A.

    ECE 466: LED Lighting Systems - Incandescent lightings rise and demise via government policy - Alternative Fluorescent light sources and compact fluorescent lights (CFL) to incandescents - Alternative LED light sources - Color index as well as Watts to Lumens efficiency available from all three light sources

  10. Lighting and Surfaces 11.1 Introduction to Lighting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyd, John P.

    Chapter 11 Lighting and Surfaces 11.1 Introduction to Lighting Three-dimensional surfaces can react to light, and how computer graphics simulates this. There are three species of light (or "illumination models"): 1. Intrinsic (self-emitting) 2. Ambient light (sometimes called "diffuse light") 3

  11. Sandia Energy - Light Creation Materials

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Light Creation Materials Home Energy Research EFRCs Solid-State Lighting Science EFRC Overview Light Creation Materials Light Creation MaterialsAlyssa Christy2015-03-26T16:28:52+00...

  12. Arnold Schwarzenegger LIGHTING RESEARCH PROGRAM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Project Summaries ELEMENT 2: ADVANCE LIGHTING TECHNOLOGIES PROJECT 2.1 LIGHT EMITTING DIODE (LED light emitting diodes (LED) technology for general lighting applications by developing a task lamp

  13. AdS/QCD and Applications of Light-Front Holography

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brodsky, Stanley J.; /SLAC /Southern Denmark U., CP3-Origins; Cao, Fu-Guang; /Massey U.; de Teramond, Guy F.; /Costa Rica U.

    2012-02-16

    Light-Front Holography leads to a rigorous connection between hadronic amplitudes in a higher dimensional anti-de Sitter (AdS) space and frame-independent light-front wavefunctions of hadrons in 3 + 1 physical space-time, thus providing a compelling physical interpretation of the AdS/CFT correspondence principle and AdS/QCD, a useful framework which describes the correspondence between theories in a modified AdS5 background and confining field theories in physical space-time. To a first semiclassical approximation, where quantum loops and quark masses are not included, this approach leads to a single-variable light-front Schroedinger equation which determines the eigenspectrum and the light-front wavefunctions of hadrons for general spin and orbital angular momentum. The coordinate z in AdS space is uniquely identified with a Lorentz-invariant coordinate {zeta} which measures the separation of the constituents within a hadron at equal light-front time. The internal structure of hadrons is explicitly introduced and the angular momentum of the constituents plays a key role. We give an overview of the light-front holographic approach to strongly coupled QCD. In particular, we study the photon-to-meson transition form factors (TFFs) F{sub M{gamma}}(Q{sup 2}) for {gamma}{gamma}* {yields} M using light-front holographic methods. The results for the TFFs for the {eta} and {eta}' mesons are also presented. Some novel features of QCD are discussed, including the consequences of confinement for quark and gluon condensates. A method for computing the hadronization of quark and gluon jets at the amplitude level is outlined.

  14. High efficiency incandescent lighting

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bermel, Peter; Ilic, Ognjen; Chan, Walker R.; Musabeyoglu, Ahmet; Cukierman, Aviv Ruben; Harradon, Michael Robert; Celanovic, Ivan; Soljacic, Marin

    2014-09-02

    Incandescent lighting structure. The structure includes a thermal emitter that can, but does not have to, include a first photonic crystal on its surface to tailor thermal emission coupled to, in a high-view-factor geometry, a second photonic filter selected to reflect infrared radiation back to the emitter while passing visible light. This structure is highly efficient as compared to standard incandescent light bulbs.

  15. National Synchrotron Light Source

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    BNL

    2009-09-01

    A tour of Brookhaven's National Synchrotron Light Source (NSLS), hosted by Associate Laboratory Director for Light Sources, Stephen Dierker. The NSLS is one of the world's most widely used scientific research facilities, hosting more than 2,500 guest researchers each year. The NSLS provides intense beams of infrared, ultraviolet, and x-ray light for basic and applied research in physics, chemistry, medicine, geophysics, environmental, and materials sciences.

  16. First measurement of coherent $\\phi$-meson photoproduction on deuteron at low energies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tsutomu Mibe; Haiyan Gao; Kenneth Hicks; Kevin Kramer; Stepan Stepanyan; David Tedeschi; Moscov Amaryan; Pawel Ambrozewicz; Marco Anghinolfi; G. Asryan; Gerard Audit; Harutyun Avakian; Hovhannes Baghdasaryan; Nathan Baillie; Jacques Ball; Nathan Baltzell; Marco Battaglieri; Ivan Bedlinski; Ivan Bedlinskiy; Matthew Bellis; Nawal Benmouna; Barry Berman; Angela Biselli; Lukasz Blaszczyk; Sylvain Bouchigny; Sergey Boyarinov; Robert Bradford; Derek Branford; William Briscoe; William Brooks; Stephen Bueltmann; Volker Burkert; Cornel Butuceanu; John Calarco; Sharon Careccia; Daniel Carman; Shifeng Chen; Philip Cole; Patrick Collins; Philip Coltharp; Donald Crabb; Hall Crannell; Volker Crede; John Cummings; Natalya Dashyan; Rita De Masi; Raffaella De Vita; Enzo De Sanctis; Pavel Degtiarenko; Alexandre Deur; Kahanawita Dharmawardane; Richard Dickson; Chaden Djalali; Gail Dodge; Joseph Donnelly; David Doughty; Michael Dugger; Oleksandr Dzyubak; Hovanes Egiyan; Kim Egiyan; Lamiaa Elfassi; Latifa Elouadrhiri; Paul Eugenio; Gleb Fedotov; Gerald Feldman; Herbert Funsten; Michel Garcon; Gagik Gavalian; Gerard Gilfoyle; Kevin Giovanetti; Francois-Xavier Girod; John Goetz; Atilla Gonenc; Christopher Gordon; Ralf Gothe; Keith Griffioen; Michel Guidal; Nevzat Guler; Lei Guo; Vardan Gyurjyan; Cynthia Hadjidakis; Kawtar Hafidi; Hayk Hakobyan; Rafael Hakobyan; Charles Hanretty; John Hardie; F. Hersman; Ishaq Hleiqawi; Maurik Holtrop; Charles Hyde; Charles Hyde-Wright; Yordanka Ilieva; David Ireland; Boris Ishkhanov; Eugeny Isupov; Mark Ito; David Jenkins; Hyon-Suk Jo; John Johnstone; Kyungseon Joo; Henry Juengst; Narbe Kalantarians; James Kellie; Mahbubul Khandaker; Wooyoung Kim; Andreas Klein; Franz Klein; Alexei Klimenko; Mikhail Kossov; Zebulun Krahn; Laird Kramer; V. Kubarovsky; Joachim Kuhn; Sebastian Kuhn; Sergey Kuleshov; Viacheslav Kuznetsov; Jeff Lachniet; Jean Laget; Jorn Langheinrich; David Lawrence; Tsung-shung Lee; Ji Li; Kenneth Livingston; Haiyun Lu; Marion MacCormick; Claude Marchand; Nikolai Markov; Paul Mattione; Bryan McKinnon; Bernhard Mecking; Joseph Melone; Mac Mestayer; Curtis Meyer; Konstantin Mikhaylov; Ralph Minehart; Marco Mirazita; Rory Miskimen; Viktor Mokeev; Kei Moriya; Steven Morrow; M. Moteabbed; E. Munevar; Gordon Mutchler; P. Nadel-Turonski; Rakhsha Nasseripour; Silvia Niccolai; Gabriel Niculescu; Maria-Ioana Niculescu; Bogdan Niczyporuk; Megh Niroula; Rustam Niyazov; Mina Nozar; Mikhail Osipenko; Alexander Ostrovidov; K. Park; Evgueni Pasyuk; Craig Paterson; S. Anefalos Pereira; Joshua Pierce; Nikolay Pivnyuk; Dinko Pocanic; Oleg Pogorelko; S. Pozdniakov; John Price; Yelena Prok; Dan Protopopescu; Brian Raue; Gregory Riccardi; Giovanni Ricco; Marco Ripani; Barry Ritchie; Federico Ronchetti; Guenther Rosner; Patrizia Rossi; Franck Sabatie; Julian Salamanca; Carlos Salgado; Joseph Santoro; Vladimir Sapunenko; Reinhard Schumacher; Vladimir Serov; Youri Sharabian; Dmitri Sharov; Nikolay Shvedunov; Elton Smith; Lee Smith; Daniel Sober; Daria Sokhan; A. Stavinsky; Samuel Stepanyan; B.E. Stokes; Paul Stoler; I.I. Strakovsky; Steffen Strauch; Mauro Taiuti; Ulrike Thoma; Avtandil Tkabladze; Svyatoslav Tkachenko; Luminita Todor; Clarisse Tur; Maurizio Ungaro; Michael Vineyard; Alexander Vlassov; Daniel Watts; Lawrence Weinstein; Dennis Weygand; M. Williams; Elliott Wolin; Michael Wood; Amrit Yegneswaran; Lorenzo Zana; Jixie Zhang; Bo Zhao; Zhiwen Zhao

    2007-11-01

    The cross section and decay angular distributions for the coherent \\phi meson photoproduction on the deuteron have been measured for the first time up to a squared four-momentum transfer t =(p_{\\gamma}-p_{\\phi})^2 =-2 GeV^2/c^2, using the CLAS detector at the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility. The cross sections are compared with predictions from a re-scattering model. In a framework of vector meson dominance, the data are consistent with the total \\phi-N cross section \\sigma_{\\phi N} at about 10 mb. If vector meson dominance is violated, a larger \\sigma_{\\phi N} is possible by introducing larger t-slope for the \\phi N \\to \\phi N process than that for the \\gamma N \\to \\phi N process. The decay angular distributions of the \\phi are consistent with helicity conservation.

  17. Nonleptonic Weak Decays of B to D_s and D mesons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C. E. Thomas

    2006-03-23

    Branching ratios and polarization amplitudes for B decaying to all allowed pseudoscalar, vector, axial-vector, scalar and tensor combinations of D_s and D mesons are calculated in the Isgur Scora Grinstein Wise (ISGW) quark model after assuming factorization. We find good agreement with other models in the literature and the limited experimental data and make predictions for as yet unseen decay modes. Lattice QCD results in this area are very limited. We make phenomenological observations on decays in to D_s(2317) and D_s(2460) and propose tests for determining the status and mixings of the axial mesons. We use the same approach to calculate branching ratios and polarization fraction for decays in to two D type mesons.

  18. Nambu's Nobel Prize, the $?$ meson and the mass of visible matter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin Schumacher

    2014-11-05

    The electroweak Higgs boson has been discovered in ongoing experiments at the LHC, leading to a mass of this particle of 126 GeV. This Higgs boson mediates the generation of mass for elementary particles, including the mass of elementary (current) quarks. These current-quark masses leave 98% of the mass of the atom unexplained. This large fraction is mediated by strong interaction, where instead of the Higgs boson the $\\sigma$ meson is the mediating particle. Though already discovered in 1957 by Schwinger, the $\\sigma$ meson has been integrated out in many theories of hadron properties because it had not been observed and was doubted to exist. With the observation of the $\\sigma$ meson in recent experiments on Compton scattering by the nucleon at MAMI (Mainz) it has become timely to review the status of experimental and theoretical researches on this topic.

  19. Multiple scattering effects on heavy meson production in p+A collisions at backward rapidity

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Kang, Zhong-Bo; Vitev, Ivan; Wang, Enke; Xing, Hongxi; Zhang, Cheng

    2015-01-01

    We study the incoherent multiple scattering effects on heavy meson production in the backward rapidity region of p+A collisions within the generalized high-twist factorization formalism. We calculate explicitly the double scattering contributions to the heavy meson differential cross sections by taking into account both initial-state and final-state interactions, and find that these corrections are positive. We further evaluate the nuclear modification factor for muons that come form the semi-leptonic decays of heavy flavor mesons. Phenomenological applications in d+Au collisions at a center-of-mass energy View the MathML sources=200 GeV at RHIC and in p+Pb collisions at View the MathML sources=5.02 TeVmore »at the LHC are presented. We find that incoherent multiple scattering can describe rather well the observed nuclear enhancement in the intermediate pTpT region for such reactions.« less

  20. Radiative decays of pseudoscalar (P) and vector (V) mesons and process e^+e^- \\to PV

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bystritskiy, Yu M; Volkov, M K

    2008-01-01

    Radiative decays of pseudoscalar and vector mesons are calculated in frames of chiral Nambu-Jona-Lasinio (NJL) model. We use triangle quark loops of anomalous type. During the evaluation of this loop integrals we used two methods. In first one we neglect the dependence of external momenta. In that case we reproduce the Wess-Zumino-Witten terms of effective chiral meson lagrangian. In the second method we take into account the momenta dependence of loop integrals omitting their imaginary part. That lets us to take into account quark confinement. The application of both methods are in qualitative agreement with each other and with experimental data. Second method allows us to describe the electron-positron annihilation with production pseudoscalar and vector mesons in center of mass energy range from 1 to 5 GeV. The comparison with the recent experimental data are presented.

  1. Measurement of the [bar over B][0 over s] Meson Lifetime in D[+ over s]?[superscript ?] Decays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aaij, R.

    We present a measurement of the ratio of the [bar over B][0 over s] meson lifetime, in the flavor-specific decay to D[+ over s]?[superscript ?], to that of the [bar over B][superscript 0] meson. The pp collision data used ...

  2. Faster Than Light?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robert Geroch

    2010-05-10

    It is argued that special relativity remains a viable physical theory even when there is permitted signals traveling faster than light.

  3. Comparing Light Bulbs

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    In this exercise, students will use a light to demonstrate the difference between being energy-efficient and energy-wasteful, and learn what energy efficiency means.

  4. Lighting in Commercial Buildings

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Illuminance Assignments for CBECS Building Activity Categories Illuminance ranges were adopted from the 1987 Illuminating Engineering Society (IES) Lighting Handbook. The IES...

  5. Lighting in Commercial Buildings

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    from the engineering literature, based on CBECS building activity.) 4. Efficacy: an energy efficiency measure. Technically, the amount of light produced per unit of energy...

  6. Lighting in Commercial Buildings

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    (CEC), March 1990. Advanced Lighting Technologies Application Guidelines (ALTAG), Building and Appliance Efficiency Office. 3. Dubin, F.S., Mindell, H.L., and Bloome, S., 1976....

  7. Lighting in Commercial Buildings

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    energy are presented in this section. Statistics are presented by subgroups based on building characteristics, and by subgroups based on lighting equipment. The three sets of...

  8. Edmund G. Brown Jr. LIGHTING CALIFORNIA'S FUTURE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edmund G. Brown Jr. Governor LIGHTING CALIFORNIA'S FUTURE: SMART LIGHT-EMITTING DIODE LIGHTING's Future: Smart LightEmitting Diode Lighting in Residential Fans. California Energy Commission, PIER

  9. Search for Low Mass Exotic mesonic structures. Part I: experimental results

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. Tatischeff; E. Tomasi-Gustafsson

    2007-10-09

    Recently, several papers discussed on the existence of a low mass new structure at a mass close to M=214.3 MeV. It was suggested that the $\\Sigma^{+}$ disintegration: $\\Sigma^{+}\\to$pP$^{0}$, P$^{0}\\to\\mu^{-}\\mu^{+}$ proceeds through an intermediate particle P$^{0}$ having such mass. The present work intends to look at other new or available data, in order to observe the eventual existence of small narrow peaks or shoulders in very low mesonic masses. Indeed narrow structures were already extracted from various data in dibaryons, baryons and mesons (at larger masses that those studied here).

  10. Neutral meson production in pp and Pb-Pb collisions at LHC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yuri Kharlov; ALICE Collaboration

    2012-08-23

    The ALICE detector at the LHC studies $\\pi^0$ and $\\eta$ meson production by two complementary methods, using electromagnetic calorimeters and the central tracking system for converted photons. Production spectra of $\\pi^0$ and $\\eta$ mesons were measured with ALICE in pp collisions at LHC energies at mid-rapidity in a wide transverse momentum range. The spectrum and the nuclear modification factor $R_{AA}$ of $\\pi^0$ measured in Pb-Pb collisions at different centralities, show a clear pattern of strong suppression in a hot QCD medium with respect to pp collisions.

  11. D meson mass increase by restoration of chiral symmetry in nuclear matter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suzuki, Kei; Oka, Makoto

    2015-01-01

    Spectral functions of the pseudoscalar $D$ meson in the nuclear medium are analyzed using QCD sum rules and the maximum entropy method. This approach enables us to extract the spectral functions without any phenomenological assumption, and thus to visualize in-medium modification of the spectral functions directly. It is found that the reduction of the chiral condensates of dimension 3 and 5 causes the masses of both $D^+$ and $D^-$ mesons to grow gradually at finite density. Additionally, we construct charge-conjugate-projected sum rules and find a $D^+$-$D^-$ mass splitting of about -15 MeV at nuclear saturation density.

  12. QCD corrections to $B \\to ?$ form factors from light-cone sum rules

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yu-Ming Wang; Yue-Long Shen

    2015-06-01

    We compute perturbative corrections to $B \\to \\pi$ form factors from QCD light-cone sum rules with $B$-meson distribution amplitudes. Applying the method of regions we demonstrate factorization of the vacuum-to-$B$-meson correlation function defined with an interpolating current for pion, at one-loop level, explicitly in the heavy quark limit. The short-distance functions in the factorization formulae of the correlation function involves both hard and hard-collinear scales; and these functions can be further factorized into hard coefficients by integrating out the hard fluctuations and jet functions encoding the hard-collinear information. Resummation of large logarithms in the short-distance functions is then achieved via the standard renormalization-group approach. We further show that structures of the factorization formulae for $f_{B \\pi}^{+}(q^2)$ and $f_{B \\pi}^{0}(q^2)$ at large hadronic recoil from QCD light-cone sum rules match that derived in QCD factorization. In particular, we perform an exploratory phenomenological analysis of $B \\to \\pi$ form factors, paying attention to various sources of perturbative and systematic uncertainties, and extract $|V_{ub}|= \\left(3.05^{+0.54}_{-0.38} |_{\\rm th.} \\pm 0.09 |_{\\rm exp.}\\right) \\times 10^{-3}$ with the inverse moment of the $B$-meson distribution amplitude $\\phi_B^{+}(\\omega)$ determined by reproducing $f_{B \\pi}^{+}(q^2=0)$ obtained from the light-cone sum rules with $\\pi$ distribution amplitudes. Furthermore, we present the invariant-mass distributions of the lepton pair for $B \\to \\pi \\ell \

  13. Explosively pumped laser light

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Piltch, Martin S. (Los Alamos, NM); Michelotti, Roy A. (Los Alamos, NM)

    1991-01-01

    A single shot laser pumped by detonation of an explosive in a shell casing. The shock wave from detonation of the explosive causes a rare gas to luminesce. The high intensity light from the gas enters a lasing medium, which thereafter outputs a pulse of laser light to disable optical sensors and personnel.

  14. Light intensity compressor

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Rushford, Michael C. (Livermore, CA)

    1990-01-01

    In a system for recording images having vastly differing light intensities over the face of the image, a light intensity compressor is provided that utilizes the properties of twisted nematic liquid crystals to compress the image intensity. A photoconductor or photodiode material that is responsive to the wavelength of radiation being recorded is placed adjacent a layer of twisted nematic liquid crystal material. An electric potential applied to a pair of electrodes that are disposed outside of the liquid crystal/photoconductor arrangement to provide an electric field in the vicinity of the liquid crystal material. The electrodes are substantially transparent to the form of radiation being recorded. A pair of crossed polarizers are provided on opposite sides of the liquid crystal. The front polarizer linearly polarizes the light, while the back polarizer cooperates with the front polarizer and the liquid crystal material to compress the intensity of a viewed scene. Light incident upon the intensity compressor activates the photoconductor in proportion to the intensity of the light, thereby varying the field applied to the liquid crystal. The increased field causes the liquid crystal to have less of a twisting effect on the incident linearly polarized light, which will cause an increased percentage of the light to be absorbed by the back polarizer. The intensity of an image may be compressed by forming an image on the light intensity compressor.

  15. Unified study of $J/?\\to PV$, $P?^{(*)}$ and light hadron radiative processes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yun-Hua Chen; Zhi-Hui Guo; Bing-Song Zou

    2014-12-26

    Within the framework of the effective Lagrangian approach, we perform a thorough analysis of the $J/\\psi \\to P\\gamma(\\gamma^*)$, $J/\\psi \\to VP$, $V\\to P\\gamma(\\gamma^*)$, $P\\to V\\gamma(\\gamma^*)$ and $P\\to\\gamma\\gamma(\\gamma^*)$ processes, where $V$ stand for light vector resonances, $P$ stand for light pseudoscalar mesons, and $\\gamma^*$ subsequently decays into lepton pairs. The processes with light pseudoscalar mesons $\\eta$ and $\\eta'$ are paid special attention to and the two-mixing-angle scheme is employed to describe their mixing. The four mixing parameters both in singlet-octet and quark-flavor bases are updated in this work. We confirm that the $J/\\psi \\to \\eta(\\eta^{\\prime})\\gamma^{(*)}$ processes are predominantly dominated by the $J/\\psi\\to \\eta_c \\gamma^{*} \\to \\eta(\\eta^{\\prime})\\gamma^{(*)}$ mechanism. Predictions for the $J/\\psi \\to P \\mu^+\\mu^-$ are presented. A detailed discussion on the interplay between electromagnetic and strong transitions in the $J/\\psi \\to VP$ decays is given.

  16. Nuclear electric dipole moment of light nuclei in the gaussian expansion method

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yamanaka, Nodoka

    2015-01-01

    The nuclear electric dipole moment is a very sensitive probe of CP violation beyond the standard model, and for light nuclei, it can be evaluated accurately using few-body calculational methods. In this talk, we present the result of the calculation of the electric dipole moment of the deuteron, $^3$He, $^3$H, $^6$Li, and $^9$Be in the Gaussian expansion method with the realistic nuclear force, and assuming the one-meson exchange model for the P, CP-odd nuclear force. We then give future prospects for models beyond standard model such as the supersymmetry.

  17. Medium Corrections to the Nucleon Electroweak Observables in a Light-Front Quark Model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Araujo, W.R.B. de; Suisso, E.F.; Batista, E.F.; Carlson, B.V.; Frederico, T. [Dep. de Fisica, Instituto Tecnologico de Aeronautica, Centro Tecnico Aeroespacial, 12.228-900 Sao Jose dos Campos, Sao Paulo (Brazil)

    2004-12-02

    We study the nuclear medium effects on the proton electromagnetic form factor ratio GEp/GMp within a light-front constituent quark model with different quark spin coupling schemes and momentum components of the wave functions. We compute only effects from the quark and nucleon in-medium masses. The effective masses are obtained from a relativistic {sigma} - {omega} self-consistent mean-field approximation of the nuclear matter within a quark-meson coupling model. Our calculation describes qualitatively the recent experimental data.

  18. Lighting affects appearance LightSource emits photons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jacobs, David

    1 Lighting affects appearance #12;2 LightSource emits photons Photons travel in a straight line). And then some reach the eye/camera. #12;3 Reflectance Model how objects reflect light. Model light sources Algorithms for computing Shading: computing intensities within polygons Determine what light strikes what

  19. VIRTUAL LIGHT: DIGITALLY-GENERATED LIGHTING FOR VIDEO CONFERENCING APPLICATIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greenberg, Albert

    VIRTUAL LIGHT: DIGITALLY-GENERATED LIGHTING FOR VIDEO CONFERENCING APPLICATIONS Andrea Basso method to improve the lighting conditions of a real scene or video sequence. In particular we concentrate on modifying real light sources intensities and inserting virtual lights into a real scene viewed from a fixed

  20. LightBox -Exploring Interaction Modalities with Colored Light

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of light to very subtle animations, transitions and dimmed lighting effects. Implementation LightBox is housed in an aluminum suitcase measuring 48x38x25cm. The lid of the suitcase contains a panel of 12x12 Design. Figure 1. An animated lighting sequence visualized on the hi-power LEDs of LightBox #12

  1. Indoor positioning algorithm using light-emitting diode visible light

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kavehrad, Mohsen

    Indoor positioning algorithm using light- emitting diode visible light communications Zhou Zhou of Use: http://spiedl.org/terms #12;Indoor positioning algorithm using light-emitting diode visible light. This paper proposes a novel indoor positioning algorithm using visible light communications (VLC

  2. Observation of an Excited B[± over c] Meson State with the ATLAS Detector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taylor, Frank E.

    A search for excited states of the B[± over c] meson is performed using 4.9??fb[superscript ?1] of 7 TeV and 19.2??fb[superscript ?1] of 8 TeV pp collision data collected by the ATLAS experiment at the LHC. A new state is ...

  3. Low Mass Vector Meson Measurements via Di-electrons at RHIC by the PHENIX Experiment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deepali Sharma; for the PHENIX Collaboration

    2009-01-21

    The PHENIX experiment at RHIC has measured $\\omega$ and $\\phi$ mesons in $p+p$, $d+Au$ and $Au+Au$ collisions at \\sqn = 200 GeV via both hadronic and di-electron decay channels. The transverse momentum spectra as measured in different decay modes and at different centralities are shown and discussed here.

  4. PHYSICAL REVIEW C 87, 064608 (2013) Nuclear meson transparency in a relativistic Glauber model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gent, Universiteit

    2013-01-01

    PHYSICAL REVIEW C 87, 064608 (2013) Nuclear meson transparency in a relativistic Glauber model W traditional nuclear-physics calculations. The measurement of the onset and magnitude of the CT effect allows. Cosyn* and J. Ryckebusch Department of Physics and Astronomy, Ghent University, Proeftuinstraat 86, B

  5. What can we Learn from a 2nd Phi-Meson Peak in Ultrarelativistic Nuclear Collisions 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ko, Che Ming; Seibert, D.

    1994-01-01

    the reactions phipi --> KK*, phiK --> phiK, phirho --> KK, and phiphi --> KK. The resulting phi meson width in hot hadronic matter is found to be less than about 10 MeV for temperatures below 200 MeV. If hadronic matter has a strong first-order phase transition...

  6. Heavy Quark Kinetic Energy in B Mesons by a QCD Relativistic Potential Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    F. De Fazio

    1996-11-04

    The matrix element of the kinetic energy operator between B meson states is computed by means of a QCD relativistic potential model, with the result: $\\mu_\\pi^2=0.66 GeV^2$. A comparison with the outcome of other theoretical approaches and a discussion of the phenomenological implications of this result are carried out.

  7. Mesons and Nucleons in Soft-Wall AdS/QCD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peng Zhang

    2010-10-13

    We study further the soft-wall AdS/QCD model with a cubic potential for the bulk scalar. We analyze the spectra of pseudoscalar, scalar, vector and axial-vector mesons. We also study the spin-1/2 nucleon spectrum and the pion-nucleon coupling. All of them have a good agreement with the experimental data.

  8. Nuclear Physics A 611 ( 1996) 484-513 Mesonic and binding contributions to the EMC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernández de Córdoba, Pedro

    NUCLEAR PHYSICS A Nuclear Physics A 611 ( 1996) 484-513 Mesonic and binding contributions November 1995; revised 30 July 1996 Abstract We revise the conventional nuclear effects of Fermi motion for an interacting Fermi sea and the local density approximation to translate results from nuclear matter to finite

  9. Search for neutrinoless tau decays involving pi(0) or eta mesons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ammar, Raymond G.; Baringer, Philip S.; Bean, Alice; Besson, David Zeke; Coppage, Don; Darling, C.; Davis, Robin E. P.; Hancock, N.; Kotov, S.; Kravchenko, I.; Kwak, Nowhan

    1997-08-01

    We have searched for lepton flavor violating decays of the tau lepton using final states with an electron Or a muon and one or two pi(0) or eta mesons but no neutrinos. The data used in the search were collected with the CLEO II detector...

  10. Interpretation of Scalar and axial mesons in LHCb from an historical perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    F. E. Close; A. Kirk

    2015-03-24

    LHCb measurements of $B_{d,s} \\to J/\\psi + X$ are shown to be consistent with historical data on scalar and axial mesons below 2 GeV. This is in contrast to some recent interpretations of these data. Further tests of our hypotheses in other $B_{u,d,s} \\to J/\\psi + X$ decay modes are suggested.

  11. The Role of Mesons in the Electromagnetic Form Factors of the Nucleon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C. Crawford; T. Akdogan; R. Alarcon; W. Bertozzi; E. Booth; T. Botto; J. R. Calarco; B. Clasie; A. DeGrush; T. W. Donnelly; K. Dow; M. Farkhondeh; R. Fatemi; O. Filoti; W. Franklin; H. Gao; E. Geis; S. Gilad; D. Hasell; P. Karpius; M. Kohl; H. Kolster; T. Lee; E. Lomon; A. Maschinot; J. Matthews; K. McIlhany; N. Meitanis; R. Milner; J. Rapaport; R. Redwine; J. Seely; A. Shinozaki; A. Sindile; S. Sirca; E. Six; T. Smith; B. Tonguc; C. Tschalaer; E. Tsentalovich; W. Turchinetz; Y. Xiao; W. Xu; C. Zhang; Z. Zhou; V. Ziskin; T. Zwart

    2010-08-01

    The roles played by mesons in the electromagnetic form factors of the nucleon are explored using as a basis a model containing vector mesons with coupling to the continuum together with the asymptotic $Q^2$ behavior of perturbative QCD. Specifically, the vector dominance model (GKex) developed by Lomon is employed, as it is known to be very successful in representing the existing high-quality data published to date. An analysis is made of the experimental uncertainties present when the differences between the GKex model and the data are expanded in orthonormal basis functions. A main motivation for the present study is to provide insight into how the various ingredients in this model yield the measured behavior, including discussions of when dipole form factors are to be expected or not, of which mesons are the major contributors, for instance, at low-$Q^2$ or large distances, and of what effects are predicted from coupling to the continuum. Such insights are first discussed in momentum space, followed by an analysis of how different and potentially useful information emerges when both the experimental and theoretical electric form factors are Fourier transformed to coordinate space. While these Fourier transforms should not be interpreted as "charge distributions", nevertheless the roles played by the various mesons, especially which are dominant at large or small distance scales, can be explored via such experiment--theory comparisons.

  12. Lattice QCD study of the scalar mesons a0(1450) and sigma(600)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nilmani Mathur; A. Alexandru; Y. Chen; S.J. Dong; T. Draper; I. Horvath; F.X. Lee; K.F. Liu; S. Tamhankar; J.B. Zhang

    2007-12-01

    We study the a{sub 0} and {sigma} mesons with the overlap fermion in the chiral regime with the pion mass as low as 182 MeV in the quenched approximation. After the {eta} N ghost states are separated, we find that the a{sub 0} mass with q{bar q} interpolation field to be almost independent of the quark mass in the region below the strange quark mass. The chirally extrapolated results are consistent with a{sub 0}(1450) being the u{bar d} meson and K{sub 0}*(1430) being the u {bar s} meson. We also calculate the scalar mesonium with a tetraquark interpolation field. In addition to the two pion scattering states, we found a state at {approx} 550 MeV. Through the study of volume dependence, we confirm that this state is a one-particle state, in contrast to the two-pion scattering states. This suggests that the observed state is a tetraquark mesonium which is quite possibly the {sigma}(600) meson.

  13. Photoproduction of eta-mesons off nuclei for Eg < 2.2 GeV

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. Mertens; I. Jaegle; P. Muehlich; J. C. S. Bacelar; B. Bantes; O. Bartholomy; D. E. Bayadilov; R. Beck; Y. A. Beloglazov; R. Castelijns; V. Crede; H. Dutz; A. Ehmanns; D. Elsner; K. Essig; R. Ewald; I. Fabry; K. Fornet-Ponse; M. Fuchs; C. Funke; R. Gothe; R. Gregor; A. B. Gridnev; E. Gutz; S. Hoeffgen; P. Hoffmeister; I. Horn; J. Junkersfeld; H. Kalinowsky; S. Kammer; V. Kleber; Frank Klein; Friedrich Klein; E. Klempt; M. Konrad; M. Kotulla; B. Krusche; M. Lang; J. Langheinrich; H. Loehner; I. V. Lopatin; J. Lotz; S. Lugert; D. Menze; J. G. Messchendorp; V. Metag; C. Morales; U. Mosel; M. Nanova; D. V. Novinski; R. Novotny; M. Ostrick; L. M. Pant; H. van Pee; M. Pfeiffer; A. K. Radkov; A. Roy; S. Schadmand; C. Schmidt; H. Schmieden; B. Schoch; S. Shende; V. Sokhoyan; A. Suele; V. V. Sumachev; T. Szczepanek; U. Thoma; D. Trnka; R. Varma; D. Walther; C. Weinheimer; C. Wendel

    2008-10-15

    Photoproduction of $\\eta$ mesons off $^{12}$C, $^{40}$Ca, $^{93}$Nb, and $^{nat}$Pb nuclei has been measured with a tagged photon beam with energies between 0.6 and 2.2 GeV. The experiment was performed at the Bonn ELSA accelerator with the combined setup of the Crystal Barrel and TAPS calorimeters. It aimed at the in-medium properties of the S$_{11}$(1535) nucleon resonance and the study of the absorption properties of nuclear matter for $\\eta$ mesons. Careful consideration was given to contributions from $\\eta\\pi$ final states and secondary production mechanisms of $\\eta$-mesons e.g. from inelastic $\\pi N$ reactions of intermediate pions. The analysis of the mass number scaling shows that the nuclear absorption cross section $\\sigma_{N\\eta}$ for $\\eta$ mesons is constant over a wide range of the $\\eta$ momentum. The comparison of the excitation functions to data off the deuteron and to calculations in the framework of a BUU-model show no unexplained in-medium modifications of the S$_{11}$(1535).

  14. Exploring free-form smearing for bottomonium and B meson spectroscopy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mark Wurtz; Randy Lewis; R. M. Woloshyn

    2015-10-19

    Free-form smearing was designed as a way to implement source operators of any desired shape. A variation of the method is introduced that reduces the computational cost by reducing the number of link multiplications to its absolute minimum. Practical utility is demonstrated through calculations of bottomonium and B meson masses.

  15. The rho meson decay constant using a tadpole-improved action

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Randy Lewis; R. M. Woloshyn

    1996-07-25

    The rho meson decay constant and the associated renormalization factor are computed in the quenched approximation on coarse lattices using a tadpole-improved action which is corrected at the classical level to O(a^2). The improvement is displayed by comparing to Wilson action calculations.

  16. An alternative approach to the $?$-meson-exchange in nucleon-nucleon interaction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lingzhi Chen; Hourong Pang; Hongxia Huang; Jialun Ping; Fan Wang

    2007-03-30

    Through a quantitative comparative study of the properties of deuteron and nucleon-nucleon interaction with chiral quark model and quark delocalization color screening model. We show that the $\\sigma$-meson exchange used in the chiral quark model can be replaced by quark delocalization and color screening mechanism.

  17. White light velocity interferometer

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Erskine, D.J.

    1999-06-08

    The invention is a technique that allows the use of broadband and incoherent illumination. Although denoted white light velocimetry, this principle can be applied to any wave phenomenon. For the first time, powerful, compact or inexpensive sources can be used for remote target velocimetry. These include flash and arc lamps, light from detonations, pulsed lasers, chirped frequency lasers, and lasers operating simultaneously in several wavelengths. The technique is demonstrated with white light from an incandescent source to measure a target moving at 16 m/s. 41 figs.

  18. Green Light Pulse Oximeter

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Scharf, John Edward (Oldsmar, FL)

    1998-11-03

    A reflectance pulse oximeter that determines oxygen saturation of hemoglobin using two sources of electromagnetic radiation in the green optical region, which provides the maximum reflectance pulsation spectrum. The use of green light allows placement of an oximetry probe at central body sites (e.g., wrist, thigh, abdomen, forehead, scalp, and back). Preferably, the two green light sources alternately emit light at 560 nm and 577 nm, respectively, which gives the biggest difference in hemoglobin extinction coefficients between deoxyhemoglobin, RHb, and oxyhemoglobin, HbO.sub.2.

  19. Lakeview Light and Power- Commercial Lighting Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Lakeview Light and Power offers a commercial lighting rebate program. Rebates apply to the installation of energy efficient lighting retrofits in non-residential buildings. The rebate program is...

  20. Demonstration Assessment of Light-Emitting Diode (LED) Roadway Lighting

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2009-11-01

    A U.S. Department of Energy Solid-State Lighting Gateway Report on a Demonstration Assessment of Light-Emitting Diode (LED) Roadway Lighting in Lija Loop, Portland, Oregon.

  1. Composite leptoquarks and anomalies in B-meson decays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gripaios, Ben; Nardecchia, M.; Renner, S. A.

    2015-01-01

    be present for a variety of reasons. For example, they might be desirable because they reduce fine-tuning (such as a light top squark and gluino in SUSY), or they might arise because of symmetries (such as additional pseudo-Goldstone boson states in composite... as the diagonal subgroup of SU(2)H × – 8 – SU(2)?, while the hypercharge gauge group U(1)Y is embedded as TY = ?12T? + T3R + TX , where T? generates U(1)?, T3R belongs to the SU(2)R algebra, and U(1)X is an additional symmetry (under which the Higgs...

  2. Columbia Water & Light- HVAC and Lighting Efficiency Rebates

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Columbia Water & Light (CWL) offers rebates to its commercial and industrial customers for the purchase of high efficiency HVAC installations and efficient lighting. Incentives for certain...

  3. Peninsula Light Company- Commercial Efficient Lighting Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Peninsula Light Company (PLC) offers a rebate program for commercial customers who wish to upgrade to energy efficient lighting. Participating customers must be served by PLC commercial service....

  4. lighting in the library

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    lamp produces about 1750 lumens. Footcandle: a lumen of light distributed over a 1-square-foot (0.09-square-meter) area. Ideal Illumination: the minimum number of footcandles...

  5. Solid State Lighting Reliability

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Solid State Lighting Reliability 2015Building Technologies Office Peer Review Lynn Davis, PhD RTI International ldavis@rti.org --- 919-316-3325 Project Summary Timeline: Start...

  6. The Facts of Light

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Horn, Berthold K.P.

    This is a random collection of facts about radiant and luminous energy. Some of this information may be useful in the design of photo-diode image sensors, in the set-up of lighting for television microscopes and the ...

  7. National Synchrotron Light Source

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2010-01-08

    A tour of Brookhaven's National Synchrotron Light Source (NSLS). The NSLS is one of the world's most widely used scientific research facilities, hosting more than 2,500 guest researchers each year. The NSLS provides intense beams of infrared, ultraviole

  8. Lighting in Commercial Buildings

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    5.2 152.6 160.5 54.6 Assembly Health Care Lodging Office 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 180 Energy Information Administration Energy Consumption Series: Lighting in Commercial...

  9. Solid state lighting component

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Yuan, Thomas; Keller, Bernd; Ibbetson, James; Tarsa, Eric; Negley, Gerald

    2010-10-26

    An LED component comprising an array of LED chips mounted on a planar surface of a submount with the LED chips capable of emitting light in response to an electrical signal. The LED chips comprise respective groups emitting at different colors of light, with each of the groups interconnected in a series circuit. A lens is included over the LED chips. Other embodiments can comprise thermal spreading structures included integral to the submount and arranged to dissipate heat from the LED chips.

  10. Solid state lighting component

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Keller, Bernd; Ibbetson, James; Tarsa, Eric; Negley, Gerald; Yuan, Thomas

    2012-07-10

    An LED component comprising an array of LED chips mounted on a planar surface of a submount with the LED chips capable of emitting light in response to an electrical signal. The LED chips comprise respective groups emitting at different colors of light, with each of the groups interconnected in a series circuit. A lens is included over the LED chips. Other embodiments can comprise thermal spreading structures included integral to the submount and arranged to dissipate heat from the LED chips.

  11. Measurement of the B-cmeson lifetime in the decay B-c?J/???

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aaltonen, T.; Álvarez González, B.; Amerio, S.; Amidei, D.; Anastassov, A.; Annovi, A.; Antos, J.; Apollinari, G.; Appel, J. A.; Arisawa, T.; Artikov, A.; Asaadi, J.; Ashmanskas, W.; Auerbach, B.; Aurisano, A.; Azfar, F.; Badgett, W.; Bae, T.; Barbaro-Galtieri, A.; Barnes, V. E.; Barnett, B. A.; Barria, P.; Bartos, P.; Bauce, M.; Bedeschi, F.; Behari, S.; Bellettini, G.; Bellinger, J.; Benjamin, D.; Beretvas, A.; Bhatti, A.; Bisello, D.; Bizjak, I.; Bland, K. R.; Blumenfeld, B.; Bocci, A.; Bodek, A.; Bortoletto, D.; Boudreau, J.; Boveia, A.; Brigliadori, L.; Bromberg, C.; Brucken, E.; Budagov, J.; Budd, H. S.; Burkett, K.; Busetto, G.; Bussey, P.; Buzatu, A.; Calamba, A.; Calancha, C.; Camarda, S.; Campanelli, M.; Campbell, M.; Canelli, F.; Carls, B.; Carlsmith, D.; Carosi, R.; Carrillo, S.; Carron, S.; Casal, B.; Casarsa, M.; Castro, A.; Catastini, P.; Cauz, D.; Cavaliere, V.; Cavalli-Sforza, M.; Cerri, A.; Cerrito, L.; Chen, Y. C.; Chertok, M.; Chiarelli, G.; Chlachidze, G.; Chlebana, F.; Cho, K.; Chokheli, D.; Chung, W. H.; Chung, Y. S.; Ciocci, M. A.; Clark, A.; Clarke, C.; Compostella, G.; Convery, M. E.; Conway, J.; Corbo, M.; Cordelli, M.; Cox, C. A.; Cox, D. J.; Crescioli, F.; Cuevas, J.; Culbertson, R.; Dagenhart, D.; d’Ascenzo, N.; Datta, M.; de Barbaro, P.; Dell’Orso, M.; Demortier, L.; Deninno, M.; Devoto, F.; d’Errico, M.; Di Canto, A.; Di Ruzza, B.; Dittmann, J. R.; D’Onofrio, M.; Donati, S.; Dong, P.; Dorigo, M.; Dorigo, T.; Ebina, K.; Elagin, A.; Eppig, A.; Erbacher, R.; Errede, S.; Ershaidat, N.; Eusebi, R.; Farrington, S.; Feindt, M.; Fernandez, J. P.; Field, R.; Flanagan, G.; Forrest, R.; Frank, M. J.; Franklin, M.; Freeman, J. C.; Funakoshi, Y.; Furic, I.; Gallinaro, M.; Garcia, J. E.; Garfinkel, A. F.; Garosi, P.; Gerberich, H.; Gerchtein, E.; Giagu, S.; Giakoumopoulou, V.; Giannetti, P.; Gibson, K.; Ginsburg, C. M.; Giokaris, N.; Giromini, P.; Giurgiu, G.; Glagolev, V.; Glenzinski, D.; Gold, M.; Goldin, D.; Goldschmidt, N.; Golossanov, A.; Gomez, G.; Gomez-Ceballos, G.; Goncharov, M.; González, O.; Gorelov, I.; Goshaw, A. T.; Goulianos, K.; Grinstein, S.; Grosso-Pilcher, C.; Group, R. C.; Guimaraes da Costa, J.; Hahn, S. R.; Halkiadakis, E.; Hamaguchi, A.; Han, J. Y.; Happacher, F.; Hara, K.; Hare, D.; Hare, M.; Harr, R. F.; Hatakeyama, K.; Hays, C.; Heck, M.; Heinrich, J.; Herndon, M.; Hewamanage, S.; Hocker, A.; Hopkins, W.; Horn, D.; Hou, S.; Hughes, R. E.; Hurwitz, M.; Husemann, U.; Hussain, N.; Hussein, M.; Huston, J.; Introzzi, G.; Iori, M.; Ivanov, A.; James, E.; Jang, D.; Jayatilaka, B.; Jeon, E. J.; Jindariani, S.; Jones, M.; Joo, K. K.; Jun, S. Y.; Junk, T. R.; Kamon, T.; Karchin, P. E.; Kasmi, A.; Kato, Y.; Ketchum, W.; Keung, J.; Khotilovich, V.; Kilminster, B.; Kim, D. H.; Kim, H. S.; Kim, J. E.; Kim, M. J.; Kim, S. B.; Kim, S. H.; Kim, Y. K.; Kim, Y. J.; Kimura, N.; Kirby, M.; Klimenko, S.; Knoepfel, K.; Kondo, K.; Kong, D. J.; Konigsberg, J.; Kotwal, A. V.; Kreps, M.; Kroll, J.; Krop, D.; Kruse, M.; Krutelyov, V.; Kuhr, T.; Kurata, M.; Kwang, S.; Laasanen, A. T.; Lami, S.; Lammel, S.; Lancaster, M.; Lander, R. L.; Lannon, K.; Lath, A.; Latino, G.; LeCompte, T.; Lee, E.; Lee, H. S.; Lee, J. S.; Lee, S. W.; Leo, S.; Leone, S.; Lewis, J. D.; Limosani, A.; Lin, C.-J.; Lindgren, M.; Lipeles, E.; Lister, A.; Litvintsev, D. O.; Liu, C.; Liu, H.; Liu, Q.; Liu, T.; Lockwitz, S.; Loginov, A.; Lucchesi, D.; Lueck, J.; Lujan, P.; Lukens, P.; Lungu, G.; Lys, J.; Lysak, R.; Madrak, R.; Maeshima, K.; Maestro, P.; Malik, S.; Manca, G.; Manousakis-Katsikakis, A.; Margaroli, F.; Marino, C.; Martínez, M.; Mastrandrea, P.; Matera, K.; Mattson, M. E.; Mazzacane, A.; Mazzanti, P.; McFarland, K. S.; McIntyre, P.; McNulty, R.; Mehta, A.; Mehtala, P.; Mesropian, C.; Miao, T.; Mietlicki, D.; Mitra, A.; Miyake, H.; Moed, S.; Moggi, N.; Mondragon, M. N.; Moon, C. S.; Moore, R.; Morello, M. J.; Morlock, J.; Movilla Fernandez, P.; Mukherjee, A.; Muller, Th.; Murat, P.; Mussini, M.; Nachtman, J.; Nagai, Y.; Naganoma, J.; Nakano, I.; Napier, A.; Nett, J.; Neu, C.; Neubauer, M. S.; Nielsen, J.; Nodulman, L.; Noh, S. Y.; Norniella, O.; Oakes, L.; Oh, S. H.; Oh, Y. D.; Oksuzian, I.; Okusawa, T.; Orava, R.; Ortolan, L.; Pagan Griso, S.; Pagliarone, C.; Palencia, E.; Papadimitriou, V.; Paramonov, A. A.; Patrick, J.; Pauletta, G.; Paulini, M.; Paus, C.; Pellett, D. E.; Penzo, A.; Phillips, T. J.; Piacentino, G.; Pianori, E.; Pilot, J.; Pitts, K.; Plager, C.; Pondrom, L.; Poprocki, S.; Potamianos, K.; Prokoshin, F.; Pranko, A.; Ptohos, F.; Punzi, G.; Rahaman, A.; Ramakrishnan, V.; Ranjan, N.; Redondo, I.; Renton, P.; Rescigno, M.; Riddick, T.; Rimondi, F.; Ristori, L.; Robson, A.; Rodrigo, T.; Rodriguez, T.; Rogers, E.; Rolli, S.; Roser, R.; Ruffini, F.; Ruiz, A.; Russ, J.; Rusu, V.; Safonov, A.; Sakumoto, W. K.

    2013-01-01

    The lifetime of the B-c meson is measured using 272 exclusive B-c?J/?(?????)?? decays reconstructed in data from proton-antiproton collisions corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 6.7 fb?¹ recorded by the CDF II detector at the Fermilab Tevatron. The lifetime of the B-cmeson is measured to be ?(B-c)=0.452±0.048(stat)±0.027(syst) ps. This is the first measurement of the B-c meson lifetime in a fully reconstructed hadronic channel, and it agrees with previous results and has comparable precision.

  12. Light and Plants Plants use light to photosynthesize. Name two places that light can come from

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koptur, Suzanne

    Light and Plants Plants use light to photosynthesize. Name two places that light can come from: 1 (CO2, a gas) from the air and turn it into SUGARS (food). This process is powered by energy from light plants) for energy. Photosynthetically Active Radiation (PAR) is a combination of red light and blue

  13. LED Lighting | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    focusing light in ways that are useful in homes and commercial settings. The light-emitting diode (LED) is one of today's most energy-efficient and rapidly-developing lighting...

  14. Energy Conservation in Industrial Lighting 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meharg, E.

    1979-01-01

    were identified. Savings in power and cost were quantified for typical examples as follows: Task lighting, high light source efficacy, high luminaire mounting height, efficient luminaires, surroundings painted a light color, regular luminaire cleaning...

  15. Higher order light propagation volumes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, Timothy Ly; Martin, Timothy Ly

    2012-01-01

    1.1 Introduction . . . . . . . . . 1.2 Light Propagation4.1.1 Injection of Virtual Point Lights and Geometryof the Stanford bunny, lit by an area light, rendered using

  16. Light as a Healing Mechanism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lingampalli, Nithya

    2013-01-01

    S. (1991). Meridians conduct light. Moskow: Raum and Zeit.the bod’ys absorption of light. Explore, 9(2), doi: https://01). The healing use of light and color. Health Care Design

  17. Lighting and the Bottom Line 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Christensen, M.

    1981-01-01

    A discussion of the cost of light and how it relates to the cost of people. The new Illuminating Engineering Society recommended method of determining lighting levels will be explained. Also several ways of providing good lighting to increase...

  18. New Light Sources for Tomorrow's Lighting Designs 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krailo, D. A.

    1986-01-01

    and lighting systems. Table 2 shows the development of four-foot energy-saving retrofit lamps. By utilizing new cathode designed and different gas fills, 34-watt energy-saving lamps were developed that operate on existing rapid start ballasts and afford... of fluorescent lamps, two watts of system power are consumed in heating the lamp cath odes. The shedding of cathode heating wattage was the next lamp efficiency improvement to be introduced. One available sy tern dis connects the lamp cathodes from...

  19. Light-Front Holography, Light-Front Wavefunctions, and Novel QCD Phenomena

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brodsky, Stanley J.; /SLAC /Southern Denmark U., CP3-Origins; de Teramond, Guy F.; /Costa Rica U.

    2012-02-16

    Light-Front Holography is one of the most remarkable features of the AdS/CFT correspondence. In spite of its present limitations it provides important physical insights into the nonperturbative regime of QCD and its transition to the perturbative domain. This novel framework allows hadronic amplitudes in a higher dimensional anti-de Sitter (AdS) space to be mapped to frame-independent light-front wavefunctions of hadrons in physical space-time. The model leads to an effective confining light-front QCD Hamiltonian and a single-variable light-front Schroedinger equation which determines the eigenspectrum and the light-front wavefunctions of hadrons for general spin and orbital angular momentum. The coordinate z in AdS space is uniquely identified with a Lorentz-invariant coordinate {zeta} which measures the separation of the constituents within a hadron at equal light-front time and determines the off-shell dynamics of the bound-state wavefunctions, and thus the fall-off as a function of the invariant mass of the constituents. The soft-wall holographic model modified by a positive-sign dilaton metric, leads to a remarkable one-parameter description of nonperturbative hadron dynamics - a semi-classical frame-independent first approximation to the spectra and light-front wavefunctions of meson and baryons. The model predicts a Regge spectrum of linear trajectories with the same slope in the leading orbital angular momentum L of hadrons and the radial quantum number n. The hadron eigensolutions projected on the free Fock basis provides the complete set of valence and non-valence light-front Fock state wavefunctions {Psi}{sub n/H} (x{sub i}, k{sub {perpendicular}i}, {lambda}{sub i}) which describe the hadron's momentum and spin distributions needed to compute the direct measures of hadron structure at the quark and gluon level, such as elastic and transition form factors, distribution amplitudes, structure functions, generalized parton distributions and transverse momentum distributions. The effective confining potential also creates quark-antiquark pairs from the amplitude q {yields} q{bar q}q. Thus in holographic QCD higher Fock states can have any number of extra q{bar q} pairs. We discuss the relevance of higher Fock-states for describing the detailed structure of space and time-like form factors. The AdS/QCD model can be systematically improved by using its complete orthonormal solutions to diagonalize the full QCD light-front Hamiltonian or by applying the Lippmann-Schwinger method in order to systematically include the QCD interaction terms. A new perspective on quark and gluon condensates is also obtained.

  20. Lighting Design | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    as part of your whole-house design -- an approach for building an energy-efficient home. Indoor Lighting Design When designing indoor lighting for energy efficiency,...

  1. GATEWAY Demonstrations: LED Street Lighting

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cook, Tyson; Shackelford, Jordan; Pang, Terrance Pang

    2008-12-01

    This report summarizes an assessment project conducted to study the performance of light emitting diode (LED) luminaires in a street lighting application in San Francisco, CA.

  2. Interior Lighting Efficiency for Municipalities

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This webinar covered a basic understanding of lighting, different types of lamps and luminaries, importance of energy efficiency in lighting, and knowledge of where to find financial resources.

  3. 2010 US Lighting Market Characterization

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    2010 U.S. Lighting Market Characterization January 2012 Prepared for: Solid-State Lighting Program Building Technologies Program Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy...

  4. Lighting Controls | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    fluorescent lighting fixtures rather than replace them. Dimmers and LEDs Some light-emitting diode (LED) lightbulbs can be used with dimmers. LED bulbs and fixtures must be...

  5. Meson-Nucleon Physics: Past, Present and Future

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. M. K. Nefkens

    2002-02-11

    We will present some thoughts on the following topics: 1. Major highlights in the history of strong interactions such as isospin, the pion, SU(3), quarks, the color degree of freedom, QCD. 2. Topics of high current interest such as quark confinement, the origin of mass, the search for the gluon degrees of freedom, chiral symmetry, flavor symmetry, regularities in the properties of the light-baryon families (parity doublets, clusters) decay patterns, hadronization, chiral restoration, effective Lagrangians and their degrees of freedom. 3. The input parameters for QCD and for effective models. 4. Hadron physics as a necessary aspect of precision tests of the Standard Model and of the Search for New Physics.

  6. Lighting affects appearance LightSource emits photons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jacobs, David

    1 Lighting affects appearance #12;2 LightSource emits photons Photons travel in a straight line). And then some reach the eye/camera. #12;3 Basic fact: Light is linear Double intensity of sources, double photons reaching eye. Turn on two lights, and photons reaching eye are same as sum of number when each

  7. Quasi light fields: extending the light field to coherent radiation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wornell, Gregory W.

    Quasi light fields: extending the light field to coherent radiation Anthony Accardi1,2 and Gregory light field, and for coherent radiation using electromagnetic field theory. We present a model of coherent image formation that strikes a balance between the utility of the light field

  8. Interior Light Level Measurements Appendix F -Interior Light Level Measurements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Appendix F ­ Interior Light Level Measurements #12;F.1 Appendix F - Interior Light Level. A potential concern is that a lower VT glazing may increase electric lighting use to compensate for lost qualify and quantify a representative loss of daylighting, and therefore electric lighting use

  9. Demonstration Assessment of LED Roadway Lighting: Philadelphia...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    LED Roadway Lighting: Philadelphia, PA Royer, Michael P.; Tuenge, Jason R.; Poplawski, Michael E. Roadway Lighting; Solid-state lighting; LED lighting; SSL; LED; GATEWAY Roadway...

  10. Lighting Principles and Terms | Department of Energy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Principles and Terms Lighting Principles and Terms Light quantity, energy consumption, and light quality are the basic principles of lighting. | Photo courtesy of

  11. Testimonials - Partnerships in LED Lighting - Philips Lumileds...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    LED Lighting - Philips Lumileds Lighting, LLC Testimonials - Partnerships in LED Lighting - Philips Lumileds Lighting, LLC Addthis An error occurred. Try watching this video on...

  12. Characterization of diffuse emissions from the Clinton P. Anderson Meson Physics Facility (LAMPF), Los Alamos National Laboratory, New Mexico 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Montgomery, Noel Davis

    1993-01-01

    The Clinton P. Anderson Meson Physics Facility (LAMPF) is an 800 megaelectron volt (MeV) proton accelerator operated by the University of California for the United States Department of Energy (DOE). The accelerator produces ...

  13. Light Quark Mass Reweighting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qi Liu; Norman H. Christ; Chulwoo Jung

    2012-06-01

    We present a systematic study of the effectiveness of light quark mass reweighting. This method allows a single lattice QCD ensemble, generated with a specific value of the dynamical light quark mass, to be used to determine results for other, nearby light dynamical quark masses. We study two gauge field ensembles generated with 2+1 flavors of dynamical domain wall fermions with light quark masses m_l=0.02 (m_\\pi=620 MeV) and m_l=0.01 (m_\\pi=420 MeV). We reweight each ensemble to determine results which could be computed directly from the other and check the consistency of the reweighted results with the direct results. The large difference between the 0.02 and 0.01 light quark masses suggests that this is an aggressive application of reweighting as can be seen from fluctuations in the magnitude of the reweighting factor by four orders of magnitude. Never-the-less, a comparison of the reweighed topological charge, average plaquette, residual mass, pion mass, pion decay constant, and scalar correlator between these two ensembles shows agreement well described by the statistical errors. The issues of the effective number of configurations and finite sample size bias are discussed. An examination of the topological charge distribution implies that it is more favorable to reweight from heavier mass to lighter quark mass.

  14. Production of $K^-$-mesons in proton-proton and proton-nucleus interactions at various energies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. V. Efremov; E. Ya. Paryev

    1995-07-17

    The experimental data on the production of $K^-$-mesons in pp-collisions are analyzed and a method of the unified description of these data in a broad energy range for primary protons is proposed. The $K^-$-mesons production in pA-collisions is considered. The simple formulas for inclusive cross sections of the $K^-$ production in these collisions are given. The results of the calculations by these formulas are compared with the available experimental data.

  15. Are Light Gluinos Dead?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Glennys R. Farrar

    1997-07-25

    Not yet. ALEPH's recent exclusion limit employs an aggressive determination of theoretical uncertainties using a simplified application of the Bayesian method. The validity of their analysis can be evaluated by its further implications, such as contradicting the existence a b quark and requiring relations between hadronic event-shape observables which are not observed. Traditional error estimation methods result in a much larger estimate for the theoretical uncertainties. This puts the ALEPH and also Csikor-Fodor limits at the $\\sim 1~ \\sigma$ level for the very light gluino scenario. A recent astrophysical result implies direct searches will be more difficult than previously anticipated, adding to the importance of reducing the QCD uncertainty in predictions sensitive to indirect effects of light gluinos. Some possible indications in favor of a light gluino are noted.

  16. Light harvesting arrays

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Lindsey, Jonathan S. (Raleigh, NC)

    2002-01-01

    A light harvesting array useful for the manufacture of devices such as solar cells comprises: (a) a first substrate comprising a first electrode; and (b) a layer of light harvesting rods electrically coupled to the first electrode, each of the light harvesting rods comprising a polymer of Formula I: X.sup.1.paren open-st.X.sup.m+1).sub.m (I) wherein m is at least 1, and may be from two, three or four to 20 or more; X.sup.1 is a charge separation group (and preferably a porphyrinic macrocycle, which may be one ligand of a double-decker sandwich compound) having an excited-state of energy equal to or lower than that of X.sup.2, and X.sup.2 through X.sup.m+1 are chromophores (and again are preferably porphyrinic macrocycles).

  17. Pupillary efficient lighting system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Berman, Samuel M. (San Francisco, CA); Jewett, Don L. (Mill Valley, CA)

    1991-01-01

    A lighting system having at least two independent lighting subsystems each with a different ratio of scotopic illumination to photopic illumination. The radiant energy in the visible region of the spectrum of the lighting subsystems can be adjusted relative to each other so that the total scotopic illumination of the combined system and the total photopic illumination of the combined system can be varied independently. The dilation or contraction of the pupil of an eye is controlled by the level of scotopic illumination and because the scotopic and photopic illumination can be separately controlled, the system allows the pupil size to be varied independently of the level of photopic illumination. Hence, the vision process can be improved for a given level of photopic illumination.

  18. Sneaky light stop

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Eifert, Till; Nachman, Benjamin

    2015-02-20

    A light supersymmetric top quark partner (stop) with a mass nearly degenerate with that of the standard model (SM) top quark can evade direct searches. The precise measurement of SM top properties such as the cross-section has been suggested to give a handle for this ‘stealth stop’ scenario. We present an estimate of the potential impact a light stop may have on top quark mass measurements. The results indicate that certain light stop models may induce a bias of up to a few GeV, and that this effect can hide the shift in, and hence sensitivity from, cross-section measurements. Duemore »to the different initial states, the size of the bias is slightly different between the LHC and the Tevatron. The studies make some simplifying assumptions for the top quark measurement technique, and are based on truth-level samples.« less

  19. Light emitting ceramic device

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Valentine, Paul; Edwards, Doreen D.; Walker, Jr., William John; Slack, Lyle H.; Brown, Wayne Douglas; Osborne, Cathy; Norton, Michael; Begley, Richard

    2010-05-18

    A light-emitting ceramic based panel, hereafter termed "electroceramescent" panel, is herein claimed. The electroceramescent panel is formed on a substrate providing mechanical support as well as serving as the base electrode for the device. One or more semiconductive ceramic layers directly overlay the substrate, and electrical conductivity and ionic diffusion are controlled. Light emitting regions overlay the semiconductive ceramic layers, and said regions consist sequentially of a layer of a ceramic insulation layer and an electroluminescent layer, comprised of doped phosphors or the equivalent. One or more conductive top electrode layers having optically transmissive areas overlay the light emitting regions, and a multi-layered top barrier cover comprising one or more optically transmissive non-combustible insulation layers overlay said top electrode regions.

  20. Probing Light Thermal Dark-Matter With a Higgs Portal Mediator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gordan Krnjaic

    2015-12-13

    We systematically study light (portal and identify the remaining gaps in the viable parameter space. Such models require a comparably light scalar mediator that mixes with the Higgs to avoid DM overproduction and can be classified according to whether this mediator decays (in)visibly. In a representative benchmark model with Dirac fermion DM, we find that, even with conservative assumptions about the DM-mediator coupling and mass ratio, the regime in which the mediator is heavier than the DM is fully ruled out by a combination of collider, rare meson decay, and direct detection limits; future and planned experiments including NA62 can further improve sensitivity to scenarios in which the Higgs portal interaction does not determine the DM abundance. The opposite, regime in which the mediator is lighter than the DM and the latter annihilates to pairs of visibly-decaying mediators is still viable, but much of the parameter space is covered by rare meson decay, supernova cooling, beam dump, and direct detection constraints. Nearly all of these conclusions apply broadly to the simplest variations (e.g. scalar or asymmetric DM). Future experiments including SHiP, NEWS, and Super-CDMS SNOLAB can greatly improve coverage to this class of models.

  1. Radioluminescent lighting technology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1990-01-01

    The glow-in-the-dark stereotype that characterizes the popular image of nuclear materials is not accidental. When the French scientist, Henri Becquerel, first discovered radioactivity in 1896, he was interested in luminescence. Radioluminescence, the production of light from a mixture of energetic and passive materials, is probably the oldest practical application of the unstable nucleus. Tritium-based radioluminescent lighting, in spite of the biologically favorable character of the gaseous tritium isotope, was included in the general tightening of environmental and safety regulations. Tritium light manufacturers would have to meet two fundamental conditions: (1) The benefit clearly outweighed the risk, to the extent that even the perceived risk of a skeptical public would be overcome. (2) The need was significant enough that the customer/user would be willing and able to afford the cost of regulation that was imposed both in the manufacture, use and eventual disposal of nuclear materials. In 1981, researchers at Oak Ridge National Laboratory were investigating larger radioluminescent applications using byproduct nuclear material such as krypton-85, as well as tritium. By 1982, it appeared that large source, (100 Curies or more) tritium gas tube, lights might be useful for marking runways and drop zones for military operations and perhaps even special civilian aviation applications. The successful development of this idea depended on making the light bright enough and demonstrating that large gas tube sources could be used and maintained safely in the environment. This successful DOE program is now in the process of being completed and closed-out. Working closely with the tritium light industry, State governments and other Federal agencies, the basic program goals have been achieved. This is a detailed report of what they have learned, proven, and discovered. 91 refs., 29 figs., 5 tabs. (JF)

  2. Light is Heavy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van der Mark, M B

    2015-01-01

    Einstein's relativity theory appears to be very accurate, but at times equally puzzling. On the one hand, electromagnetic radiation must have zero rest mass in order to propagate at the speed of light, but on the other hand, since it definitely carries momentum and energy, it has non-zero inertial mass. Hence, by the principle of equivalence, it must have non-zero gravitational mass, and so, light must be heavy. In this paper, no new results will be derived, but a possibly surprising perspective on the above paradox is given.

  3. Study of the production mechanism of the eta meson in proton-proton collisions by means of analysing power measurements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. Czyzykiewicz

    2007-02-06

    The analysing power measurements for the p(pol)p -> pp eta reaction studied in this dissertation are used in the determination of the reaction mechanism of the eta meson production in nucleon-nucleon collisions. Measurements have been performed in the close-to-threshold energy region at beam momenta of p(beam)=2.010 and 2.085 GeV/c, corresponding to the excess energies of Q = 10 and 36 MeV, respectively. The experiments were realised by means of a cooler synchrotron and storage ring COSY along with a cluster jet target. For registration of the reaction products the COSY-11 facility has been used. The identification of the eta meson has been performed with the missing mass method. The results for the angular dependence of the analysing power combined with the hitherto determined isospin dependence of the total cross section for the $\\eta$ meson production in the nucleon-nucleon collisions, reveal a statistically significant indication that the excitation of the nucleon to the S_{11} resonance, the process which intermediates the production of the eta meson, is predominantly due to the exchange of a pi meson between the colliding nucleons. The determined values of the analysing power at both excess energies are consistent with zero implying that the eta meson is produced predominantly in the s-wave at both excess energies.

  4. Partonic flow and $?$-meson production in Au+Au collisions at $\\sqrt{s_{NN}}$ = 200 GeV

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. I. Abelev

    2007-03-20

    We present first measurements of the $\\phi$-meson elliptic flow ($v_{2}(p_{T})$) and high statistics $p_{T}$ distributions for different centralities from $\\sqrt{s_{NN}}$ = 200 GeV Au+Au collisions at RHIC. In minimum bias collisions the $v_{2}$ of the $\\phi$ meson is consistent with the trend observed for mesons. The ratio of the yields of the $\\Omega$ to those of the $\\phi$ as a function of transverse momentum is consistent with a model based on the recombination of thermal $s$ quarks up to $p_{T}\\sim 4$ GeV/$c$, but disagrees at higher momenta. The nuclear modification factor ($R_{CP}$) of $\\phi$ follows the trend observed in the $K^{0}_{S}$ mesons rather than in $\\Lambda$ baryons, supporting baryon-meson scaling. Since $\\phi$-mesons are made via coalescence of seemingly thermalized $s$ quarks in central Au+Au collisions, the observations imply hot and dense matter with partonic collectivity has been formed at RHIC.

  5. One-loop operator matching in the static heavy and domain-wall light quark system with O(a) improvement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tomomi Ishikawa; Yasumichi Aoki; Jonathan M. Flynn; Taku Izubuchi; Oleg Loktik

    2011-05-16

    We discuss perturbative O(g^2a) matching with static heavy quarks and domain-wall light quarks for lattice operators relevant to B-meson decays and $B^0$-$\\bar{B}^0$ mixing. The chiral symmetry of the light domain-wall quarks does not prohibit operator mixing at O(a) for these operators. The O(a) corrections to physical quantities are non-negligible and must be included to obtain high-precision simulation results for CKM physics. We provide results using plaquette, Symanzik, Iwasaki and DBW2 gluon actions and applying APE, HYP1 and HYP2 link-smearing for the static quark action.

  6. Moments of $\\phi$ meson spectral functions in vacuum and nuclear matter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gubler, Philipp

    2015-01-01

    Moments of the $\\phi$ meson spectral function in vacuum and in nuclear matter are analyzed, combining a model based on chiral SU(3) effective field theory (with kaonic degrees of freedom) and finite-energy QCD sum rules. For the vacuum we show that the spectral density is strongly constrained by a recent accurate measurement of the $e^+ e^- \\to K^+ K^-$ cross section. In nuclear matter the $\\phi$ spectrum is modified by interactions of the decay kaons with the surrounding nuclear medium, leading to a significant broadening and an asymmetric deformation of the $\\phi$ meson peak. We demonstrate that both in vacuum and nuclear matter, the first two moments of the spectral function are compatible with finite-energy QCD sum rules. A brief discussion of the next-higher spectral moment involving strange four-quark condensates is also presented.

  7. The rest masses of the electron and muon and of the stable mesons and baryons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    E. L. Koschmieder

    2007-07-30

    The rest masses of the electron, the muon and of the stable mesons and baryons can be explained, within 1% accuracy, with the standing wave model, which uses only photons, neutrinos, charge and the weak nuclear force. We do not need hypothetical particles for the explanation of the masses of the electron, muon, mesons and baryons. We can also explain the charge of the electron, the spin of the electron, of the muon and of the stable baryons, without any additional assumption. We also have determined the rest masses of the electron-, muon- and tau neutrinos and found that the mass of the electron neutrino is equal to the fine structure constant times the mass of the muon neutrino.

  8. Functional dependence of axial anomaly via mesonic fluctuations in the three flavor linear sigma model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fejos, G

    2015-01-01

    Temperature dependence of the $U_A(1)$ anomaly is investigated by taking into account mesonic fluctuations in the $U(3)\\times U(3)$ linear sigma model. A field dependent anomaly coefficient function of the effective potential is calculated within the finite temperature functional renormalization group approach. The applied approximation scheme is a generalization of the chiral invariant expansion technique developed in [G. Fej\\H{o}s, Phys. Rev. D 90, 096011 (2014)]. We provide an analytic expression and also numerical evidence that depending on the relationship between the two quartic couplings, mesonic fluctuations can either strengthen of weaken the anomaly as a function of the temperature. Role of the six-point invariant of the $U(3)\\times U(3)$ group, and therefore the stability of the chiral expansion is also discussed in detail.

  9. Functional dependence of axial anomaly via mesonic fluctuations in the three flavor linear sigma model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. Fejos

    2015-08-31

    Temperature dependence of the $U_A(1)$ anomaly is investigated by taking into account mesonic fluctuations in the $U(3)\\times U(3)$ linear sigma model. A field dependent anomaly coefficient function of the effective potential is calculated within the finite temperature functional renormalization group approach. The applied approximation scheme is a generalization of the chiral invariant expansion technique developed in [G. Fejos, Phys. Rev. D 90, 096011 (2014)]. We provide an analytic expression and also numerical evidence that depending on the relationship between the two quartic couplings, mesonic fluctuations can either strengthen of weaken the anomaly as a function of the temperature. The role of the six-point invariant of the $U(3)\\times U(3)$ group, and therefore the stability of the chiral expansion is also discussed in detail.

  10. Functional dependence of axial anomaly via mesonic fluctuations in the three flavor linear sigma model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. Fejos

    2015-06-29

    Temperature dependence of the $U_A(1)$ anomaly is investigated by taking into account mesonic fluctuations in the $U(3)\\times U(3)$ linear sigma model. A field dependent anomaly coefficient function of the effective potential is calculated within the finite temperature functional renormalization group approach. The applied approximation scheme is a generalization of the chiral invariant expansion technique developed in [G. Fejos, Phys. Rev. D 90, 096011 (2014)]. We provide an analytic expression and also numerical evidence that depending on the relationship between the two quartic couplings, mesonic fluctuations can either strengthen of weaken the anomaly as a function of the temperature. Role of the six-point invariant of the $U(3)\\times U(3)$ group, and therefore the stability of the chiral expansion is also discussed in detail.

  11. Gluon contribution to open heavy meson production in heavy-ion collisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cao, Shanshan; Wang, Xin-Nian

    2015-01-01

    A sizable contribution to heavy quark production in high-energy hadronic and nuclear collisions comes from heavy quark-antiquark pair production from gluon splitting during the parton shower evolution. We investigate the effect of gluon-medium interaction on open heavy flavor spectra in ultra-relativistic heavy-ion collisions. The interaction of hard gluons and heavy quarks with the hot QCD medium is simulated utilizing a Langevin transport model that simultaneously incorporates contributions from collisional and radiative processes. It is found that while the gluon splitting channel has quite important contribution to single D meson production cross section, its influence on the final heavy meson nuclear modification turns out to be quite modest due to the short average lifetime of hard gluons before splitting to heavy quark pairs during the evolution and propagation of the parton shower.

  12. Lepton Flavor Non-Universality in B-meson Decays from a U(2) Flavor Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Falkowski, Adam; Ziegler, Robert

    2015-01-01

    We address the recent anomalies in semi-leptonic $B$-meson decays using a model of fermion masses based on the $U(2)$ flavor symmetry. The new contributions to $b \\to s \\ell \\ell$ transitions arise due to a tree-level exchange of a $Z^\\prime$ vector boson gauging a $U(1)$ subgroup of the flavor symmetry. They are controlled by a single parameter and are approximately aligned to the Standard Model prediction, with constructive interference in the $e$-channel and destructive interference in the $\\mu$-channel. The current experimental data on semi-leptonic $B$-meson decays can be very well reproduced without violating existing constraints from flavor violation in the quark and lepton sectors. Our model will be tested by new measurements of $b \\to s \\ell \\ell$ transitions and also by future electroweak precision tests, direct $Z^\\prime$ searches, and $\\mu$-$e$ conversion in nuclei.

  13. Lepton Flavor Non-Universality in B-meson Decays from a U(2) Flavor Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adam Falkowski; Marco Nardecchia; Robert Ziegler

    2015-09-03

    We address the recent anomalies in semi-leptonic $B$-meson decays using a model of fermion masses based on the $U(2)$ flavor symmetry. The new contributions to $b \\to s \\ell \\ell$ transitions arise due to a tree-level exchange of a $Z^\\prime$ vector boson gauging a $U(1)$ subgroup of the flavor symmetry. They are controlled by a single parameter and are approximately aligned to the Standard Model prediction, with constructive interference in the $e$-channel and destructive interference in the $\\mu$-channel. The current experimental data on semi-leptonic $B$-meson decays can be very well reproduced without violating existing constraints from flavor violation in the quark and lepton sectors. Our model will be tested by new measurements of $b \\to s \\ell \\ell$ transitions and also by future electroweak precision tests, direct $Z^\\prime$ searches, and $\\mu$-$e$ conversion in nuclei.

  14. Probe the QCD phase diagram with ?-mesons in high energy nuclear collisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. Mohanty; N. Xu

    2009-01-03

    High-energy nuclear collision provide a unique tool to study the strongly interacting medium. Recent results from the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) on \\phi-meson production has revealed the formation of a dense partonic medium. The medium constituents are found to exhibit collective behaviour initiated due to partonic interactions in the medium. We present a brief review of the recent results on \\phi production in heavy-ion collisions at RHIC. One crucial question is where, in the phase diagram, does the transition happen for the matter changing from hadronic to partonic degrees of freedom. We discuss how \\phi-meson elliptic flow in heavy-ion collisions can be used for the search of the QCD phase boundary.

  15. A Rosetta Stone Relating Conventions In Photo-Meson Partial Wave Analyses

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    A.M. Sandorfi, B. Dey, A. Sarantsev, L. Tiator, R. Workman

    2012-04-01

    A new generation of complete experiments in pseudoscalar meson photo-production is being pursued at several laboratories. While new data are emerging, there is some confusion regarding definitions of asymmetries and the conventions used in partial wave analyses (PWA). We present expressions for constructing asymmetries as coordinate-system independent ratios of cross sections, along with the names used for these ratios by different PWA groups.

  16. Two-body B meson decays to eta and eta ': Observation of B ->eta ' K

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ammar, Raymond G.; Baringer, Philip S.; Bean, Alice; Besson, David Zeke; Coppage, Don; Darling, C.; Davis, Robin E. P.; Kotov, S.; Kravchenko, I.; Kwak, Nowhan; Zhou, L.

    1998-04-01

    In a sample of 6.6 x 10(6) produced B mesons we have observed decays B --> eta'K, with branching fractions B(B+ --> eta'K+)= (6.5(-1.4)(+1.5) +/- 0.9) X 10(-5) and B(B-0 --> eta'K-0) = (4.7(-2.0)(+2.7) +/- 0.9) X 10(-5). We have searched...

  17. CLNS 98/1575 An Update on CLEO's Study of B Meson Decays 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    six to eight years, many general properties of B meson decay were measured at DORIS and CESR. In 1988 via the tree diagram. The listed branching fractions, for ex­ ample Br(B ! Xlš) = (10:4 \\Sigma 0 over electron, muon and tau semileptonic decay is 2:3 \\Theta (10:4 \\Sigma 0:4) = (23:9 \\Sigma 0

  18. Polarization Observables From The Photoproduction Of Omega-Mesons Using Linearly Polarized Photons

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Martinez, Danny [Idaho State University, Pocatello, ID (United States); Cole, Philip L. [Idaho State University, Pocatello, ID (United States)

    2014-01-01

    We report on the extraction of Polarization Observables Spin Density Matrix Elements (SDMEs), and Beam Asymmetry Sigma for omega meson photoproduction using a beam of linearly polarized photons in the photon energy region of Egamma = 1.3 to 1.7 GeV, by means of the angular distributions of the daughter pions from omega decay. These preliminary results are from the g8b dataset, which were collected with the CLAS detector in Hall B of Jefferson Lab.

  19. Current algebra based effective chiral theory of mesons and a new EW theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bing An Li

    2005-09-08

    A current algebra based effective chiral theory of pseudoscalar, vector, axial-vector mesons is reviewed. A new mechanism generating the masses and guage fixing terms of gauge boson is revealed from this effective theory. A EW theory without Higgs is proposed. The masses and gauge fixing terms of W and Z are dynamically generated. Three heavy scalar fields are dynamically generated too. They are ghosts.

  20. Measurement of D-meson production in p-Pb collisions with the ALICE detector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grazia Luparello

    2013-10-07

    The ALICE Collaboration has measured the production of prompt D mesons in pPb collisions at sqrt(s_NN) = 5.02 TeV in the rapidity range -0.04 K-pi+, D+->K- pi+ pi+, D*+->D0 pi+ and Ds->phi pi+. The pT-differential production cross sections and the pT-dependent nuclear modification factors with respect to a proton-proton reference, RpPb, are presented.

  1. Inclusive Production of {rho}{+-}(770) Meson in Hadronic Decays of Z0 Boson

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Beddall, A.; Beddall, A.; Binguel, A.

    2007-04-23

    The inclusive production of the charged vector meson {rho}{+-}(770) in hadronic Z decays is measured with the ALEPH detector at the LEP collider. Decays of {rho}{+-} {yields} {pi}0 + {pi}{+-} are reconstructed for x > 0.05 where x = E{rho}/Ebeam. The results are compared with Monte Carlo model predictions and OPAL measurements. Bose-Einstein effects are found to be important in extracting {rho}{+-}(770) from two pion invariant mass spectra.

  2. Relativistic Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov Theory With Density Dependent Meson Couplings in Axial Symmetry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ebran, J.-P.; Khan, E.; Arteaga, D. Pena; Grasso, M.; Vretenar, D.

    2009-08-26

    Most nuclei on the nuclear chart are deformed, and the development of new RIB facilities allows the study of exotic nuclei near the drip lines where a successful theoretical description requires both realistic pairing and deformation approaches. Relativistic Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov model taking into account axial deformation and pairing correlations is introduced. Preliminary illustrative results with density dependent meson-nucleon couplings in axial symmetry will be discussed.

  3. Solid State Lighting

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hastbacka, Mildred; Dieckmann, John; Bouza, Antonio

    2013-03-30

    The article discusses solid state lighting technologies. This topic was covered in two previous ASHRAE Journal columns (2010). This article covers advancements in technologies and the associated efficacies. The life-cycle, energy savings and market potential of these technologies are addressed as well.

  4. Weak axial nuclear heavy meson exchange currents and interactions of solar neutrinos with deuterons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. Mosconi; P. Ricci; E. Truhlik

    2007-02-28

    Starting from the axial heavy meson exchange currents, constructed earlier in conjunction with the Bethe--Salpeter equation, we first present the axial $\\rho$--, $\\omega$-- and $a_1$ meson exchange Feynman amplitudes that satisfy the partial conservation of the axial current. Employing these amplitudes, we derive the corresponding weak axial heavy meson exchange currents in the leading order in the 1/M expansion ($M$ is the nucleon mass), suitable for the nuclear physics calculations beyond the threshold energies and with wave functions obtained by solving the Schr\\"odinger equation with one--boson exchange potentials. The constructed currents obey the nuclear form of the partial conservation of the axial current. We apply the space component of these currents in calculations of the cross sections for the disintegration of deuterons by low energy (anti)neutrinos. The deuteron and the final state nucleon--nucleon wave functions are derived (i) from a variant of the OBEPQB potential, and (ii) from the Nijmegen 93 and Nijmegen I nucleon-nucleon interaction. The extracted values of the constant $L_{1, A}$, entering the axial exchange currents of the pionless effective field theory, are in a reasonable agreement with its value predicted by the dimensional analysis.

  5. Constraining the strangeness content of the nucleon by measuring the $?$ meson mass shift in nuclear matter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Philipp Gubler; Keisuke Ohtani

    2015-02-07

    The behavior of the $\\phi$ meson at finite density is studied, making use of a QCD sum rule approach in combination with the maximum entropy method. It is demonstrated that a possible mass shift of the $\\phi$ in nuclear matter is strongly correlated to the strangeness content of the nucleon, which is proportional to the strange sigma term, $\\sigma_{sN} = m_s \\langle N | \\overline{s}s | N \\rangle$. Our results furthermore show that, depending on the value of $\\sigma_{sN}$, the $\\phi$ meson could receive both a positive or negative mass shift at nuclear matter density. We find that these results depend only weakly on potential modifications of the width of the $\\phi$ meson peak and on assumptions made on the behavior of four-quark condensates at finite density. To check the stability of our findings, we take into account several higher order corrections to the operator product expansion, including $\\alpha_s$-corrections, terms of higher order in the strange quark mass and terms of higher twist that have not been considered in earlier works.

  6. Possible relevance of softening of sigma meson to $\\eta$ decay into 3$\\pi$ in nuclear medium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sakai, Shuntaro

    2015-01-01

    We investigate the role for the softening of the scalar-isoscalar (sigma) meson in the $\\eta\\rightarrow\\pi^+\\pi^-\\pi^0$ and $3\\pi^0$ decay widths in the symmetric nuclear medium using a linear sigma model. Our calculation shows that these decay widths in the nuclear medium increase by up to a factor of four to ten compared with those in the free space mainly depending on the mass of the sigma meson in the free space which is an input parameter of the model. The enhancements are considerable even at a half of the normal nuclear density. Thus, the $\\eta$ decay into $3\\pi$ can be a new possible probe for the chiral restoration in the nuclear medium. We find that the density dependence of the $\\eta\\rightarrow3\\pi^0$ decay is moderate in comparison with that of the $\\eta\\rightarrow\\pi^+\\pi^-\\pi^0$ although the former width is greater than the latter one at a given density: This is because the softening of the sigma meson causes the cancellation of the terms appearing from the Bose symmetry in the $\\eta\\rightarrow3...

  7. Search for a light Higgs boson decaying to two gluons or ss? in the radiative decays of ?(1S)

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Lees, J. P.; Poireau, V.; Tisserand, V.; Grauges, E.; Palano, A.; Eigen, G.; Stugu, B.; Brown, D. N.; Kerth, L. T.; Kolomensky, Yu. G.; et al

    2013-08-06

    We search for the decay ?(1S)??A?, A??gg or ss?, where A? is the pseudoscalar light Higgs boson predicted by the next-to-minimal supersymmetric Standard Model. We use a sample of (17.6±0.3)×10? ?(1S) mesons produced in the BABAR experiment via e?e???(2S)??????(1S). We see no significant signal and set 90%-confidence-level upper limits on the product branching fraction B(?(1S)??A?)·B(A??gg or ss?) ranging from 10?? to 10?² for A? masses in the range 0.5–9.0 GeV/c².

  8. Search for a light Higgs boson decaying to two gluons or ss? in the radiative decays of ?(1S)

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Lees, J. P.; Poireau, V.; Tisserand, V.; Grauges, E.; Palano, A.; Eigen, G.; Stugu, B.; Brown, D. N.; Kerth, L. T.; Kolomensky, Yu. G.; Lee, M. J.; Lynch, G.; Koch, H.; Schroeder, T.; Hearty, C.; Mattison, T. S.; McKenna, J. A.; So, R. Y.; Khan, A.; Blinov, V. E.; Buzykaev, A. R.; Druzhinin, V. P.; Golubev, V. B.; Kravchenko, E. A.; Onuchin, A. P.; Serednyakov, S. I.; Skovpen, Yu. I.; Solodov, E. P.; Todyshev, K. Yu.; Yushkov, A. N.; Kirkby, D.; Lankford, A. J.; Mandelkern, M.; Dey, B.; Gary, J. W.; Long, O.; Vitug, G. M.; Campagnari, C.; Franco Sevilla, M.; Hong, T. M.; Kovalskyi, D.; Richman, J. D.; West, C. A.; Eisner, A. M.; Lockman, W. S.; Schumm, B. A.; Seiden, A.; Chao, D. S.; Cheng, C. H.; Echenard, B.; Flood, K. T.; Hitlin, D. G.; Ongmongkolkul, P.; Porter, F. C.; Andreassen, R.; Huard, Z.; Meadows, B. T.; Pushpawela, B. G.; Sokoloff, M. D.; Sun, L.; Bloom, P. C.; Ford, W. T.; Gaz, A.; Nauenberg, U.; Smith, J. G.; Wagner, S. R.; Ayad, R.; Toki, W. H.; Spaan, B.; Schwierz, R.; Bernard, D.; Verderi, M.; Playfer, S.; Bettoni, D.; Bozzi, C.; Calabrese, R.; Cibinetto, G.; Fioravanti, E.; Garzia, I.; Luppi, E.; Piemontese, L.; Santoro, V.; Baldini-Ferroli, R.; Calcaterra, A.; de Sangro, R.; Finocchiaro, G.; Martellotti, S.; Patteri, P.; Peruzzi, I. M.; Piccolo, M.; Rama, M.; Zallo, A.; Contri, R.; Guido, E.; Lo Vetere, M.; Monge, M. R.; Passaggio, S.; Patrignani, C.; Robutti, E.; Bhuyan, B.; Prasad, V.; Morii, M.; Adametz, A.; Uwer, U.; Lacker, H. M.; Dauncey, P. D.; Mallik, U.; Chen, C.; Cochran, J.; Meyer, W. T.; Prell, S.; Gritsan, A. V.; Arnaud, N.; Davier, M.; Derkach, D.; Grosdidier, G.; Le Diberder, F.; Lutz, A. M.; Malaescu, B.; Roudeau, P.; Stocchi, A.; Wormser, G.; Lange, D. J.; Wright, D. M.; Coleman, J. P.; Fry, J. R.; Gabathuler, E.; Hutchcroft, D. E.; Payne, D. J.; Touramanis, C.; Bevan, A. J.; Di Lodovico, F.; Sacco, R.; Cowan, G.; Bougher, J.; Brown, D. N.; Davis, C. L.; Denig, A. G.; Fritsch, M.; Gradl, W.; Griessinger, K.; Hafner, A.; Prencipe, E.; Schubert, K.; Barlow, R. J.; Lafferty, G. D.; Behn, E.; Cenci, R.; Hamilton, B.; Jawahery, A.; Roberts, D. A.; Cowan, R.; Dujmic, D.; Sciolla, G.; Cheaib, R.; Patel, P. M.; Robertson, S. H.; Biassoni, P.; Neri, N.; Palombo, F.; Cremaldi, L.; Godang, R.; Sonnek, P.; Summers, D. J.; Simard, M.; Taras, P.; De Nardo, G.; Monorchio, D.; Onorato, G.; Sciacca, C.; Martinelli, M.; Raven, G.; Jessop, C. P.; LoSecco, J. M.; Honscheid, K.; Kass, R.; Brau, J.; Frey, R.; Sinev, N. B.; Strom, D.; Torrence, E.; Feltresi, E.; Margoni, M.; Morandin, M.; Posocco, M.; Rotondo, M.; Simi, G.; Simonetto, F.; Stroili, R.; Akar, S.; Ben-Haim, E.; Bomben, M.; Bonneaud, G. R.; Briand, H.; Calderini, G.; Chauveau, J.; Leruste, Ph.; Marchiori, G.; Ocariz, J.; Sitt, S.; Biasini, M.; Manoni, E.; Pacetti, S.; Rossi, A.; Angelini, C.; Batignani, G.; Bettarini, S.; Carpinelli, M.; Casarosa, G.; Cervelli, A.; Forti, F.; Giorgi, M. A.; Lusiani, A.; Oberhof, B.; Paoloni, E.; Perez, A.; Rizzo, G.; Walsh, J. J.; Lopes Pegna, D.; Olsen, J.; Smith, A. J. S.; Faccini, R.; Ferrarotto, F.; Ferroni, F.; Gaspero, M.; Li Gioi, L.; Piredda, G.; Bünger, C.; Grünberg, O.; Hartmann, T.; Leddig, T.; Voß, C.; Waldi, R.; Adye, T.; Olaiya, E. O.; Wilson, F. F.; Emery, S.; Hamel de Monchenault, G.; Vasseur, G.; Yèche, Ch.; Anulli, F.; Aston, D.; Bard, D. J.; Benitez, J. F.; Cartaro, C.; Convery, M. R.; Dorfan, J.; Dubois-Felsmann, G. P.; Dunwoodie, W.; Ebert, M.; Field, R. C.; Fulsom, B. G.; Gabareen, A. M.; Graham, M. T.; Hast, C.; Innes, W. R.; Kim, P.; Kocian, M. L.; Leith, D. W. G. S.; Lewis, P.; Lindemann, D.; Lindquist, B.; Luitz, S.; Luth, V.; Lynch, H. L.; MacFarlane, D. B.; Muller, D. R.; Neal, H.; Nelson, S.; Perl, M.; Pulliam, T.; Ratcliff, B. N.; Roodman, A.; Salnikov, A. A.; Schindler, R. H.; Snyder, A.; Su, D.; Sullivan, M. K.; Va’vra, J.; Wagner, A. P.; Wang, W. F.; Wisniewski, W. J.; Wittgen, M.; Wright, D. H.; Wulsin, H. W.; Ziegler, V.; Park, W.; Purohit, M. V.; White, R. M.; Wilson, J. R.; Randle-Conde, A.; Sekula, S. J.; Bellis, M.; Burchat, P. R.; Miyashita, T. S.; Puccio, E. M. T.; Alam, M. S.; Ernst, J. A.; Gorodeisky, R.; Guttman, N.; Peimer, D. R.; Soffer, A.; Spanier, S. M.; Ritchie, J. L.; Ruland, A. M.; Schwitters, R. F.; Wray, B. C.; Izen, J. M.; Lou, X. C.; Bianchi, F.; De Mori, F.; Filippi, A.; Gamba, D.; Zambito, S.; Lanceri, L.; Vitale, L.; Martinez-Vidal, F.; Oyanguren, A.; Villanueva-Perez, P.; Ahmed, H.; Albert, J.; Banerjee, Sw.; Bernlochner, F. U.; Choi, H. H. F.; King, G. J.; Kowalewski, R.; Lewczuk, M. J.; Lueck, T.; Nugent, I. M.; Roney, J. M.; Sobie, R. J.; Tasneem, N.; Gershon, T. J.; Harrison, P. F.; Latham, T. E.; Band, H. R.; Dasu, S.; Pan, Y.; Prepost, R.; Wu, S. L.

    2013-08-01

    We search for the decay ?(1S)??A?, A??gg or ss?, where A? is the pseudoscalar light Higgs boson predicted by the next-to-minimal supersymmetric Standard Model. We use a sample of (17.6±0.3)×10? ?(1S) mesons produced in the BABAR experiment via e?e???(2S)??????(1S). We see no significant signal and set 90%-confidence-level upper limits on the product branching fraction B(?(1S)??A?)·B(A??gg or ss?) ranging from 10?? to 10?² for A? masses in the range 0.5–9.0 GeV/c².

  9. Demonstration Assessment of Light-Emitting Diode Roadway Lighting...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    New York Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Demonstration Assessment of Light-Emitting Diode Roadway Lighting on the FDR Drive in New York, New York This a report about a...

  10. Light Dance : light and the nature of body movement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Riskin, Seth

    1989-01-01

    Light Dance is a conscious transfiguration of the body, its movement and the encompassing space; a transposition of matter to light exalted in the dance. This corresponds to the conceptualized spirit of the performer whose ...

  11. Making fuel from light: Argonne research sheds light on photosynthesis...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Making fuel from light: Argonne research sheds light on photosynthesis and creation of solar fuel By Jo Napolitano * September 1, 2015 Tweet EmailPrint Refined by nature over a...

  12. Fusion pumped light source

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Pappas, Daniel S. (Los Alamos, NM)

    1989-01-01

    Apparatus is provided for generating energy in the form of light radiation. A fusion reactor is provided for generating a long, or continuous, pulse of high-energy neutrons. The neutron flux is coupled directly with the lasing medium. The lasing medium includes a first component selected from Group O of the periodic table of the elements and having a high inelastic scattering cross section. Gamma radiation from the inelastic scattering reactions interacts with the first component to excite the first component, which decays by photon emission at a first output wavelength. The first output wavelength may be shifted to a second output wavelength using a second liquid component responsive to the first output wavelength. The light outputs may be converted to a coherent laser output by incorporating conventional optics adjacent the laser medium.

  13. Scattering Of Light Nuclei

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Quaglioni, S; Navratil, P; Roth, R

    2009-12-15

    The exact treatment of nuclei starting from the constituent nucleons and the fundamental interactions among them has been a long-standing goal in nuclear physics. Above all nuclear scattering and reactions, which require the solution of the many-body quantum-mechanical problem in the continuum, represent an extraordinary theoretical as well as computational challenge for ab initio approaches.We present a new ab initio many-body approach which derives from the combination of the ab initio no-core shell model with the resonating-group method [4]. By complementing a microscopic cluster technique with the use of realistic interactions, and a microscopic and consistent description of the nucleon clusters, this approach is capable of describing simultaneously both bound and scattering states in light nuclei. We will discuss applications to neutron and proton scattering on sand light p-shell nuclei using realistic nucleon-nucleon potentials, and outline the progress toward the treatment of more complex reactions.

  14. OLEDS FOR GENERAL LIGHTING

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Anil Duggal; Don Foust; Chris Heller; Bill Nealon; Larry Turner; Joe Shiang; Nick Baynes; Tim Butler; Nalin Patel

    2004-02-29

    The goal of this program was to reduce the long term technical risks that were keeping the lighting industry from embracing and developing organic light-emitting diode (OLED) technology for general illumination. The specific goal was to develop OLEDs for lighting to the point where it was possible to demonstrate a large area white light panel with brightness and light quality comparable to a fluorescence source and with an efficacy comparable to that of an incandescent source. it was recognized that achieving this would require significant advances in three area: (1) the improvement of white light quality for illumination, (2) the improvement of OLED energy efficiency at high brightness, and (3) the development of cost-effective large area fabrication techniques. The program was organized such that, each year, a ''deliverable'' device would be fabricated which demonstrated progress in one or more of the three critical research areas. In the first year (2001), effort concentrated on developing an OLED capable of generating high illumination-quality white light. Ultimately, a down-conversion method where a blue OLED was coupled with various down-conversion layers was chosen. Various color and scattering models were developed to aid in material development and device optimization. The first year utilized this approach to deliver a 1 inch x 1 inch OLED with higher illumination-quality than available fluorescent sources. A picture of this device is shown and performance metrics are listed. To their knowledge, this was the first demonstration of true illumination-quality light from an OLED. During the second year, effort concentrated on developing a scalable approach to large area devices. A novel device architecture consisting of dividing the device area into smaller elements that are monolithically connected in series was developed. In the course of this development, it was realized that, in addition to being scalable, this approach made the device tolerant to the most common OLED defect--electrical shorts. This architecture enabled the fabrication of a 6 inch x 6 inch OLED deliverable for 2002. A picture of this deliverable is shown and the performance metrics are listed. At the time, this was the highest efficiency, highest lumen output illumination-quality OLED in existence. The third year effort concentrated on improving the fabrication yield of the 6 inch x 6 inch devices and improving the underlying blue device efficiency. An efficiency breakthrough was achieved through the invention of a new device structure such that now 15 lumen per watt devices could be fabricated. A 2 feet x 2 feet OLED panel consisting of sixteen 6 inch x 6 inch high efficiency devices tiled together was then fabricated. Pictures of this panel are shown with performance metrics listed. This panel met all project objectives and was the final deliverable for the project. It is now the highest efficiency, highest lumen output, illumination-quality OLED in existence.

  15. Solid State Lighting Reliability

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankADVANCED MANUFACTURINGEnergy BillsNo.Hydrogen4EnergySolid State Lighting Reliability 2014 Building

  16. LED Lighting | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    are directional, focusing light in ways that are useful in homes and commercial settings. The light-emitting diode (LED) is one of today's most energy-efficient and...

  17. An International Year of Light

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Faure, Claudie

    of light-based technologies for the equitable development of global society. The project received, renewable energy and energy efficiency, and for PROSPECTUS An International Year of Light Science ­ Technology ­ Nature ­ Culture ­ Development

  18. Photodetector with enhanced light absorption

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kane, James (Lawrenceville, NJ)

    1985-01-01

    A photodetector including a light transmissive electrically conducting layer having a textured surface with a semiconductor body thereon. This layer traps incident light thereby enhancing the absorption of light by the semiconductor body. A photodetector comprising a textured light transmissive electrically conducting layer of SnO.sub.2 and a body of hydrogenated amorphous silicon has a conversion efficiency about fifty percent greater than that of comparative cells. The invention also includes a method of fabricating the photodetector of the invention.

  19. Webinar: Fuel Cell Mobile Lighting

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Video recording of the Fuel Cell Technologies Office webinar, Fuel Cell Mobile Lighting, originally presented on November 13, 2012.

  20. Faster than Light Quantum Communication

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Y. Shiekh

    2008-04-05

    Faster than light communication might be possible using the collapse of the quantum wave-function without any accompanying paradoxes.

  1. Energy and system size dependence of ?meson production in Cu+Cu and Au+Au collisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    STAR Collaboration

    2008-10-28

    We study the beam-energy and system-size dependence of \\phi meson production (using the hadronic decay mode \\phi -- K+K-) by comparing the new results from Cu+Cu collisions and previously reported Au+Au collisions at \\sqrt{s_NN} = 62.4 and 200 GeV measured in the STAR experiment at RHIC. Data presented are from mid-rapidity (|y|energy, the transverse momentum distributions for \\phi mesons are observed to be similar in yield and shape for Cu+Cu and Au+Au colliding systems with similar average numbers of participating nucleons. The \\phi meson yields in nucleus-nucleus collisions, normalised by the average number of participating nucleons, are found to be enhanced relative to those from p+p collisions with a different trend compared to strange baryons. The enhancement for \\phi mesons is observed to be higher at \\sqrt{s_NN} = 200 GeV compared to 62.4 GeV. These observations for the produced \\phi(s\\bar{s}) mesons clearly suggest that, at these collision energies, the source of enhancement of strange hadrons is related to the formation of a dense partonic medium in high energy nucleus-nucleus collisions and cannot be alone due to canonical suppression of their production in smaller systems.

  2. Lighting and Dark Sky Regulations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Radcliffe, David

    Lighting and Dark Sky Regulations Marjorie Palmer Spring 2008 #12;The UGA Land Use Clinic provides Road, Room 101 Athens, GA 30602-1510 (706) 583-0373 · Fax (706) 583-0612 jroskie@uga.edu #12;Lighting......................................................................................................................................1 II. Approaches to Lighting Regulation

  3. Radiation, Matter and Energy What is light?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shirley, Yancy

    Radiation, Matter and Energy #12;What is light? #12;Light is an electromagnetic wave #12;Light is an electromagnetic wave #12;#12;Light is also a particle Photons: "pieces" of light, each with precise wavelength the visible spectrum, blue light has higher energy than red light Within the electromagnetic spectrum, X

  4. Light Board Operation 208 Jordan Hall

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buechler, Steven

    Light Board Operation 208 Jordan Hall Using the Light Board 1. Turn on the lights next to the entry door. 2. Turn on the Light Board lights (illustration 1). The light switch is on the west wall, slightly behind the computer cart's display. 3. Locate the lapel microphone (usually on top of the Light

  5. Pedestrian Friendly Outdoor Lighting

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Miller, Naomi J.; Koltai, Rita; McGowan, Terry

    2013-12-31

    This GATEWAY report discusses the problems of pedestrian lighting that occur with all technologies with a focus on the unique optical options and opportunities offered by LEDs through the findings from two pedestrian-focused projects, one at Stanford University in California, and one at the Chautauqua Institution in upstate New York. Incorporating user feedback this report reviews the tradeoffs that must be weighed among visual comfort, color, visibility, efficacy and other factors to stimulate discussion among specifiers, users, energy specialists, and in industry in hopes that new approaches, metrics, and standards can be developed to support pedestrian-focused communities, while reducing energy use.

  6. National Lighting Energy Consumption

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Financing Tool Fits the BillDepartmentSites KDFNational Fuel Cell andEnergy NationalLighting

  7. Extragalactic Background Light

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield MunicipalTechnical Report:Speeding accessby aLED Street Lighting HostDISCLAIMERlinacSYNCHROTRON

  8. Lighting Market Characterization

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverseIMPACTThousand CubicResourcelogo and-E C H2015 Non-Residential Lighting Market

  9. Lighting Test Facilities

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverseIMPACTThousand CubicResourcelogo and-E C H2015 Non-Residential Lighting

  10. Lighting in the Library

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverseIMPACTThousand CubicResourcelogo and-E C H2015 Non-Residential LightingThe

  11. Effective field theories of baryons and mesons, or, what do quarks do?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Keaton, G.L. [Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States). Theoretical Physics Group

    1995-06-26

    This thesis is an attempt to understand the properties of the protons, pions and other hadrons in terms of their fundamental building blocks. In the first chapter the author reviews several of the approaches that have already been developed. The Nambu-Jona-Lasinio model offers the classic example of a derivation of meson properties from a quark Lagrangian. The chiral quark model encodes much of the intuition acquired in recent decades. The author also discusses the non-linear sigma model, the Skyrme model, and the constituent quark model, which is one of the oldest and most successful models. In the constituent quark model, the constituent quark appears to be different from the current quark that appears in the fundamental QCD Lagrangian. Recently it was proposed that the constituent quark is a topological soliton. In chapter 2 the author investigates this soliton, calculating its mass, radius, magnetic moment, color magnetic moment, and spin structure function. Within the approximations used, the magnetic moments and spin structure function cannot simultaneously be made to agree with the constituent quark model. In chapter 3 the author uses a different plan of attack. Rather than trying to model the constituents of the baryon, he begins with an effective field theory of baryons and mesons, with couplings and masses that are simply determined phenomenologically. Meson loop corrections to baryon axial currents are then computed in the 1/N expansion. It is already known that the one-loop corrections are suppressed by a factor 1/N; here it is shown that the two-loop corrections are suppressed by 1/N{sup 2}. To leading order, these corrections are exactly the same as would be calculated in the constituent quark model. This method therefore offers a different approach to the constituent quark.

  12. Lighting Principles and Terms | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Light quantity, energy consumption, and light quality are the basic principles of lighting. | Photo courtesy of

  13. Embodied Energy and Off-Grid Lighting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alstone, Peter

    2012-01-01

    Self-reported Impacts of LED Lighting Technology Compared to2011. Adoption of LED Lighting by Night Market Vendors inbased to rechargeable LED lighting. However, as with most

  14. Types of Lighting | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    For a technical comparison of the different types of lighting, visit Energy Basics. External Resources Find a Lighting Designer - International Association of Lighting...

  15. Demand Responsive Lighting: A Scoping Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rubinstein, Francis; Kiliccote, Sila

    2007-01-01

    3 3.0 Previous Experience with Demand Responsive Lighting11 4.3. Prevalence of Lighting13 4.4. Impact of Title 24 on Lighting

  16. Ecological Consequences of Artificial Night Lighting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Piselli, Kathy

    2006-01-01

    of Artificial Night Lighting Catherine Rich and Travisof artificial night lighting. This book provides editedage of modern urban lighting was ushered in. Coincidentally,

  17. LIGHTING CONTROLS: SURVEY OF MARKET POTENTIAL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Verderber, R.R.

    2010-01-01

    REFERENCES Task Report to Lighting Systems Research,Berkeley Laboratory, "Lighting Control System Market1980). Task Report to Lighting Systems Research, Lawrence

  18. LED Outdoor Area Lighting Fact Sheet

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Outdoor Area Lighting LED technology is rapidly becoming competitive with high-intensity discharge light sources for outdoor area lighting. This document reviews the major design...

  19. Controls for Solid-State Lighting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rubinstein, Francis

    2007-01-01

    of controlling LED lighting using the DALI protocol. Figurewith dimming white LED lighting depending on whether the LEDthe promising hybrid LED lighting systems are: 1. LED Hybrid

  20. Measuring Light Reflectance of BGO Crystal Surfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Janecek, Martin

    2009-01-01

    Carlo program simulating light propagation in isotropic orTerms—Lambertian reflection, light collection, Monte Carloy-axis) and fraction specular light (right y- axis) for a

  1. Light propagation and Imaging in Indefinite Metamaterials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yao, Jie

    2010-01-01

    photolithography by polarized light,” Applied PhysicsZhang, “Imaging visible light using anisotropic metamaterialcross-sectional review of the light propagation of TE mode (

  2. Spin alignment of leading vector mesons and polarization of {lambda} baryons in multihadronic Z{sup 0} decays at OPAL

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kress, Thomas H.

    1998-05-29

    Helicity density-matrix elements have been measured for K*{sup 0},{phi}(1020), D* and B* mesons produced inclusively in hadronic Z{sup 0} decays in the OPAL experiment at LEP. Apart from the B*, all show a preference for the helicity-zero state when the meson carries a large fraction of the available energy. The mechanisms which produce such spin alignment in the non-perturbative hadronization of the primary partons to the vector mesons is so far unexplained. Inclusive {lambda} baryons show significant longitudinal polarization at intermediate and high momentum. This may be related to the primary quark and antiquark polarization and the hadronization mechanism which produces the leading baryons.

  3. Measurements of the exclusive decays of the Upsilon(5S) to B meson final states and improved B-s(*) mass measurement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Besson, David Zeke

    2006-04-01

    Using 420 pb(-1) of data collected on the Upsilon(5S) resonance with the CLEO III detector, we reconstruct B mesons in 25 exclusive decay channels to measure or set upper limits on the decay rate of Upsilon(5S) into B meson final states. We measure...

  4. Finite-temperature spectral function of the vector mesons in an AdS/QCD model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mitsutoshi Fujita; Kenji Fukushima; Tatsuhiro Misumi; Masaki Murata

    2009-03-28

    We use the soft-wall AdS/QCD model to investigate the finite-temperature effects on the spectral function in the vector channel. The dissociation of the vector meson tower onto the AdS black hole leads to the in-medium mass shift and the width broadening in a way similar to the lattice QCD results for the heavy quarkonium at finite temperature. We also show the momentum dependence of the spectral function and find it consistent with screening in a hot wind.

  5. On the renormalization of nucleon-nucleon interaction by one rho-meson exchange

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Oliveira, Luiz Paulo de

    2014-11-11

    The nature of the nucleon-nucleon interaction has always been a subject of intense discussion in the low-energy hadron physics literature. In the last decades, the research related to chiral perturbation theory developed by Gasser, Leutwyler and Weinberg have gained attention due to the advances in using chiral symmetry to describe nuclear interactions. In this work we discuss aspects of the renormalizability of the interaction between two nucleons by one ? and one ? mesons exchange. The results give us important hints on the required short-distance cancellations of the singular tensor potential due to pion exchange.

  6. Observations and Measurements of Orbitally Excited L=1 B Mesons at the D0 Experiment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Williams, Mark Richard James; /Lancaster U.

    2008-09-01

    This thesis describes investigations of the first set of orbitally excited (L = 1) states for both the B{sub d}{sup 0} and B{sub s}{sup 0} meson systems (B**{sub d} and B**{sub s}). The data sample corresponds to 1.35 fb{sup -1} of integrated luminosity, collected in 2002-2006 by the D0 detector, during the Run IIa operation of the Tevatron p{bar p} colliding beam accelerator. The B**{sub d} states are fully reconstructed in decays to B{sup (*)+} {pi}{sup -}, with B{sup (*)+} {yields} {gamma} J/{psi}K{sup +}, J/{psi} {yields} {mu}{sup +}{mu}{sup -}, yielding 662 {+-} 91 events, and providing the first strong evidence for the resolution of two narrow resonances, B{sub 1} and B*{sub 2}. The masses are extracted from a binned {chi}{sup 2} fit to the invariant mass distribution, giving M(B{sub 1}) = 5720.7 {+-} 2.4(stat.) {+-} 1.3(syst.) {+-} 0.5 (PDG) MeV/c{sup 2} and M(B*{sub 2}) = 5746.9 {+-} 2.4(stat.) {+-} 1.0(syst.) {+-} 0.5(PDG) MeV/c{sup 2}. The production rate of narrow B**{sub d} {yields} B{pi} resonances relative to the B{sup +} meson is determined to be [13.9 {+-} 1.9(stat.) {+-} 3.2(syst.)]%. The same B{sup +} sample is also used to reconstruct the analogous states in the B{sub s}{sup 0} system, in decays B**{sub s} {yields} B{sup (*)+} K{sup -}. A single resonance in the invariant mass distribution is found with a statistical significance of 5{sigma}, interpreted as the B*{sub s2} state. The mass is determined to be M(B*{sub s2}) = 5839.6 {+-} 1.1(stat.) {+-} 0.4(syst.) {+-} 0.5(PDG) MeV/c{sup 2}, and the production rate of B*{sub s2} {yields} BK resonances is measured to be a fraction (2.14 {+-} 0.43 {+-} 0.24)% of the corresponding rate for B{sup +} mesons. Alternative fitting hypotheses give inconclusive evidence for the presence of the lighter B{sub s1} meson.

  7. Study of D-mesons using hadronic decay channels with the ALICE detector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Renu Bala

    2010-09-08

    At LHC energy, heavy quarks will be abundantly produced and the design of the ALICE Experiment will allow us to study their production using several channels. We investigate the feasibility of the study of D mesons reconstructed in their exclusive hadronic decay channel. After reviewing the ALICE potential for such studies, we will present some results for the two more promising decay channels i.e D0->KPi and D+ -> K-Pi+Pi+ obtained with 7 TeV pp data and 5.5 A TeV Pb-Pb Monte Carlo data .

  8. A study of meson condensation and of the QCD critical line

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lorenzo Ravagli

    2006-09-13

    In this thesis work we have employed two microscopic models (ladder-QCD and Nambu-Jona-Lasinio) for describing the properties of the QCD phase diagram at finite temperature and quark densities. In particular, we have studied the mechanism of meson condensation at finite isospin and strangeness chemical potentials, and its competition with ``standard'' scalar fermionic condensates. In the last chapter, a detailed study of the chiral critical line at finite chemical potentials has been performed, achieving a remarkable agreement with recent lattice data.

  9. Inclusive B-Meson Production at the LHC in the GM-VFN Scheme

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. A. Kniehl; G. Kramer; I. Schienbein; H. Spiesberger

    2011-10-28

    We calculate the next-to-leading-order cross section for the inclusive production of B mesons in pp collisions in the general-mass variable-flavor-number scheme, an approach which takes into account the finite mass of the b quarks. We use realistic evolved non-perturbative fragmentation functions obtained from fits to e+e- data and compare results for the transverse-momentum and rapidity distributions at a center-of-mass energy of 7 TeV with recent data from the CMS Collaboration. We find good agreement, in particular at large values of pT.

  10. Search for the B(c) meson in hadronic Z^0 decays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wilson, Graham Wallace; OPAL Collaboration; Ackerstaff, K.; Alexander, G.; Allison, J.; Altekamp, N.; Anderson, K.J.; Anderson, S.; Arcelli, S.; Asai, S.; Ashby, S.F.; Axen, D.; Azuelos, G.

    1998-02-01

    -Hansen h, J. Schieck k, P. Schleper k, B. Schmitt h, S. Schmitt k, A. Schoning h, M. Schroder h, H.C. Schultz-Coulon j,¨ ¨ M. Schumacher c, C. Schwick h, W.G. Scott t, T.G. Shears p, B.C. Shen d, C.H. Shepherd-Themistocleous h, P. Sherwood o, G.P. Siroli b... containing a b quark have all been observed, by experiments at CESR, DORIS, LEP and the TEVATRON, except #14; .for the beauty-charm meson B bc . The B mesonc c can be produced at LEP in hadronic Z0 decays. Using the non-relativistic potential model for heavy...

  11. SU(3) Polyakov Linear $?$-Model in Magnetic Field: Thermodynamics, Higher-Order Moments, Chiral Phase Structure and Meson Masses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abdel Nasser Tawfik; Niseem Magdy

    2015-01-06

    Effects of external magnetic field on various properties of the quantum chromodynamics under extreme conditions of temperature and density have been analysed. To this end, we use SU(3) Polyakov linear sigma-model and assume that the external magnetic field eB adds some restrictions to the quarks energy due to the existence of free charges in the plasma phase. In doing this, we apply the Landau theory of quantization. This requires an additional temperature to drive the system through the chiral phase-transition. Accordingly, the dependence of the critical temperature of chiral and confinement phase-transitions on the magnetic field is characterized. Based on this, we have studied the thermal evolution of thermodynamic quantities and the first four higher-order moment of particle multiplicity. Having all these calculations, we have studied the effects of magnetic field on chiral phase-transition. We found that both critical temperature T_c and critical chemical potential increase with increasing the magnetic field eB. Last but not least, the magnetic effects of the thermal evolution of four scalar and four pseudoscalar meson states are studied. We concluded that the meson masses decrease as the temperature increases till T_c. Then, the vacuum effect becomes dominant and rapidly increases with the temperature T. At low T, the scalar meson masses normalized to the lowest Matsubara frequency rapidly decreases as T increases. Then, starting from T_c, we find that the thermal dependence almost vanishes. Furthermore, the meson masses increase with increasing magnetic field. This gives characteristic phase diagram of T vs. external magnetic field $B. At high T, we find that the masses of almost all meson states become temperature independent. It is concluded that the various meson states likely have different T_c's.

  12. Energy Savings Estimates of Light Emitting Diodes in Niche Lighting...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    in Niche Lighting Applications Prepared for: Building Technologies Program Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy U.S. Department of Energy Prepared by: Navigant...

  13. Advanced Light Extraction Material for OLED Lighting | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Extraction Material for OLED Lighting Lead Performer: Pixelligent Technologies LLC - Baltimore, MD Partners: OLEDWorks LLC DOE Total Funding: 1,000,000 Project Term: April 6,...

  14. Solar optics: light as energy; energy as light

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bennett, D.J.; Eijadi, D.A.

    1980-05-01

    a prominent characteristic of earth-sheltered and underground buildings, as well as buildings designed to accommodate more uses within the same perimeters, is the prominence of interior space without direct access to natural light and view opportunities. Solar Optics, a technique for illuminating interior spaces with natural light, offers a way to satisfy the well-documented human affinity for natural light. The system, which uses a heliostat to track the sun and lenses and mirrors to direct the light to remote interior spaces, is more efficient than converting solar radiation into electricity. Through the use of cold mirrors, it is also possible to separate the infrared portion of the spectrum from visible light, thereby creating a cool light source that can reduce a building's space cooling demand. Solar Optics also offers energy savings by transmitting light through a small aperture, as opposed to a large window. Several design problems must still be addressed. The system will be demonstrated in a new building at the University of Minnesota. Because this is a limited demonstration, it does not include the integration of a natural light system with a central source light system...another promising application of Solar Optics.

  15. LIGHTING CONTROLS: SURVEY OF MARKET POTENTIAL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Verderber, R.R.

    2010-01-01

    Floors Floor Area Lighting Power Density Light Output Lampenergy den- sity and power density for lighting to 3.5 kWh/Lighting Level (Lumens/Watt) (Footcandles) Power Density (

  16. Sandia Energy - Lighting Developments to 2030

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Lighting Developments to 2030 Home Energy Research EFRCs Solid-State Lighting Science EFRC Lighting Developments to 2030 Lighting Developments to 2030Tara Camacho-Lopez2015-05-14T1...

  17. Tips: Shopping for Lighting | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Lighting Tips: Shopping for Lighting July 17, 2014 - 7:27pm Addthis With an array of lighting options, use the Lighting Facts label to determine the right lightbulb for you. |...

  18. Analysis of light transport in scattering media

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mukaigawa, Yasuhiro

    We propose a new method to analyze light transport in homogeneous scattering media. The incident light undergoes multiple bounces in translucent objects, and produces a complex light field. Our method analyzes the light ...

  19. Directed light fabrication

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lewis, G.K.; Nemec, R.; Milewski, J.; Thoma, D.J.; Cremers, D.; Barbe, M.

    1994-09-01

    Directed Light Fabrication (DLF) is a rapid prototyping process being developed at Los Alamos National Laboratory to fabricate metal components. This is done by fusing gas delivered metal powder particles in the focal zone of a laser beam that is, programmed to move along or across the part cross section. Fully dense metal is built up a layer at a time to form the desired part represented by a 3 dimensional solid model from CAD software. Machine ``tool paths`` are created from the solid model that command the movement and processing parameters specific to the DLF process so that the part can be built one layer at a time. The result is a fully dense, near net shape metal part that solidifies under rapid solidification conditions.

  20. Transport coefficients and resonances for a meson gas in Chiral Perturbation Theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. Fernandez-Fraile; A. Gomez Nicola

    2009-02-27

    We present recent results on a systematic method to calculate transport coefficients for a meson gas (in particular, we analyze a pion gas) at low temperatures in the context of Chiral Perturbation Theory (ChPT). Our method is based on the study of Feynman diagrams taking into account collisions in the plasma by means of the non-zero particle width. This implies a modification of the standard ChPT power counting scheme. We discuss the importance of unitarity, which allows for an accurate high energy description of scattering amplitudes, generating dynamically the $\\rho (770)$ and $f_0(600)$ mesons. Our results are compatible with analyses of kinetic theory, both in the non-relativistic very low-$T$ regime and near the transition. We show the behavior with temperature of the electrical and thermal conductivities as well as of the shear and bulk viscosities. We obtain that bulk viscosity is negligible against shear viscosity, except near the chiral phase transition where the conformal anomaly might induce larger bulk effects. Different asymptotic limits for transport coefficients, large-$N_c$ scaling and some applications to heavy-ion collisions are studied.

  1. Photo- and Electron-Production of Mesons on Nucleons and Nuclei

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    E. Oset; M. Döring; D. Strottman; D. Jido; M. Napsuciale; K. Sasaki; C. A. Vaquera-Araujo; M. Kaskulov; E. Hernandez; H. Nagahiro; S. Hirenzaki

    2008-02-01

    In these lectures I will show some results obtained with the chiral unitary approach applied to the photo and electroproduction of mesons. The results for photoproduction of $\\eta \\pi^0 p$ and $K^0 \\pi^0 \\Sigma^+$, together with related reactions will be shown, having with common denominator the excitation of the $\\Delta(1700)$ resonance which is one of those dynamically generated in the chiral unitary approach. Then I will show results obtained for the $e^+ e^- \\to \\phi f_0(980)$ reaction which reproduce the bulk of the data except for a pronounced peak, giving support to a new mesonic resonance, X(2175). Results will also be shown for the electromagnetic form factors of the $N^*(1535)$ resonance, also dynamically generated in this approach. Finally, I will show some results on the photoproduction of the $\\omega$ in nuclei, showing that present experimental results claiming a shift of the $\\omega$ mass in the medium are tied to a particular choice of background and are not conclusive. One the other hand, the same experimental results show unambiguously a huge increase of the $\\omega$ width in the nuclear medium.

  2. Observation and study of the baryonic B-meson decays B?D(*)pp?(?)(?)

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    del Amo Sanchez, P.; Lees, J. P.; Poireau, V.; Prencipe, E.; Tisserand, V.; Garra Tico, J.; Grauges, E.; Martinelli, M.; Palano, A.; Pappagallo, M.; et al

    2012-05-30

    We present results for B-meson decay modes involving a charm meson, protons, and pions using 455×10? BB¯¯¯ pairs recorded by the BaBar detector at the SLAC PEP-II asymmetric-energy e?e? collider. The branching fractions are measured for the following ten decays: B¯¯¯??D?pp?, B¯¯¯??D*?pp?, B¯¯¯??D?pp???, B¯¯¯??D*?pp???, B??D?pp???, B??D*?pp???, B¯¯¯??D?pp?????, B¯¯¯??D*?pp?????, B??D?pp?????, and B??D*?pp?????. The four B? and the two five-body B¯¯¯? modes are observed for the first time. The four-body modes are enhanced compared to the three- and the five-body modes. In the three-body modes, the M(pp?) and M(D(*)?p) invariant-mass distributions show enhancements near threshold values. In the four-body mode B¯¯¯??D?pp???, themore »M(p??) distribution shows a narrow structure of unknown origin near 1.5 GeV/c². The distributions for the five-body modes, in contrast to the others, are similar to the expectations from uniform phase-space predictions.« less

  3. Pair Production of Heavy Quarkonium and $B_c(^*)$ Mesons at Hadron Colliders

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rong Li; Yu-Jie Zhang; Kuang-Ta Chao

    2009-03-12

    We investigate the pair production of S-wave heavy quarkonium at the LHC in the color-singlet mechanism (CSM) and estimate the contribution from the gluon fragmentation process in the color-octet mechanism (COM) for comparison. With the matrix elements extracted previously in the leading order calculations, the numerical results show that the production rates are quite large for the pair production processes at the LHC. The $p_t$ distribution of double $J/\\psi$ production in the CSM is dominant over that in the COM when $p_t$ is smaller than about 8GeV. For the production of double $\\Upsilon$, the contribution of the COM is always larger than that in the CSM. The large differences in the theoretical predictions between the CSM and COM for the $p_t$ distributions in the large $p_t$ region are useful in clarifying the effects of COM on the quarkonium production. We also investigate the pair production of S-wave $B_c$ and $B_c^*$ mesons, and the measurement of these processes is useful to test the CSM and extract the LDMEs for the $B_c$ and $B_c^*$ mesons.

  4. Observation and study of the baryonic B-meson decays B?D(*)pp?(?)(?)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    del Amo Sanchez, P.; Lees, J. P.; Poireau, V.; Prencipe, E.; Tisserand, V.; Garra Tico, J.; Grauges, E.; Martinelli, M.; Palano, A.; Pappagallo, M.; Eigen, G.; Stugu, B.; Sun, L.; Battaglia, M.; Brown, D. N.; Hooberman, B.; Kerth, L. T.; Kolomensky, Yu. G.; Lynch, G.; Osipenkov, I. L.; Tanabe, T.; Hawkes, C. M.; Watson, A. T.; Koch, H.; Schroeder, T.; Asgeirsson, D. J.; Hearty, C.; Mattison, T. S.; McKenna, J. A.; Khan, A.; Randle-Conde, A.; Blinov, V. E.; Buzykaev, A. R.; Druzhinin, V. P.; Golubev, V. B.; Onuchin, A. P.; Serednyakov, S. I.; Skovpen, Yu. I.; Solodov, E. P.; Todyshev, K. Yu.; Yushkov, A. N.; Bondioli, M.; Curry, S.; Kirkby, D.; Lankford, A. J.; Mandelkern, M.; Martin, E. C.; Stoker, D. P.; Atmacan, H.; Gary, J. W.; Liu, F.; Long, O.; Vitug, G. M.; Campagnari, C.; Flanigan, J. M.; Hong, T. M.; Kovalskyi, D.; Richman, J. D.; West, C.; Eisner, A. M.; Heusch, C. A.; Kroseberg, J.; Lockman, W. S.; Martinez, A. J.; Schalk, T.; Schumm, B. A.; Seiden, A.; Winstrom, L. O.; Cheng, C. H.; Doll, D. A.; Echenard, B.; Hitlin, D. G.; Ongmongkolkul, P.; Porter, F. C.; Rakitin, A. Y.; Andreassen, R.; Dubrovin, M. S.; Mancinelli, G.; Meadows, B. T.; Sokoloff, M. D.; Bloom, P. C.; Ford, W. T.; Gaz, A.; Nagel, M.; Nauenberg, U.; Smith, J. G.; Wagner, S. R.; Ayad, R.; Toki, W. H.; Jasper, H.; Karbach, T. M.; Merkel, J.; Petzold, A.; Spaan, B.; Wacker, K.; Kobel, M. J.; Schubert, K. R.; Schwierz, R.; Bernard, D.; Verderi, M.; Clark, P. J.; Playfer, S.; Watson, J. E.; Andreotti, M.; Bettoni, D.; Bozzi, C.; Calabrese, R.; Cecchi, A.; Cibinetto, G.; Fioravanti, E.; Franchini, P.; Luppi, E.; Munerato, M.; Negrini, M.; Petrella, A.; Piemontese, L.; Baldini-Ferroli, R.; Calcaterra, A.; de Sangro, R.; Finocchiaro, G.; Nicolaci, M.; Pacetti, S.; Patteri, P.; Peruzzi, I. M.; Piccolo, M.; Rama, M.; Zallo, A.; Contri, R.; Guido, E.; Lo Vetere, M.; Monge, M. R.; Passaggio, S.; Patrignani, C.; Robutti, E.; Tosi, S.; Bhuyan, B.; Prasad, V.; Lee, C. L.; Morii, M.; Adametz, A.; Marks, J.; Uwer, U.; Bernlochner, F. U.; Ebert, M.; Lacker, H. M.; Lueck, T.; Volk, A.; Dauncey, P. D.; Tibbetts, M.; Behera, P. K.; Mallik, U.; Chen, C.; Cochran, J.; Crawley, H. B.; Dong, L.; Meyer, W. T.; Prell, S.; Rosenberg, E. I.; Rubin, A. E.; Gritsan, A. V.; Guo, Z. J.; Arnaud, N.; Davier, M.; Derkach, D.; Firmino da Costa, J.; Grosdidier, G.; Le Diberder, F.; Lutz, A. M.; Malaescu, B.; Perez, A.; Roudeau, P.; Schune, M. H.; Serrano, J.; Sordini, V.; Stocchi, A.; Wang, L.; Wormser, G.; Lange, D. J.; Wright, D. M.; Bingham, I.; Chavez, C. A.; Coleman, J. P.; Fry, J. R.; Gabathuler, E.; Gamet, R.; Hutchcroft, D. E.; Payne, D. J.; Touramanis, C.; Bevan, A. J.; Di Lodovico, F.; Sacco, R.; Sigamani, M.; Cowan, G.; Paramesvaran, S.; Wren, A. C.; Brown, D. N.; Davis, C. L.; Denig, A. G.; Fritsch, M.; Gradl, W.; Hafner, A.; Alwyn, K. E.; Bailey, D.; Barlow, R. J.; Jackson, G.; Lafferty, G. D.; Anderson, J.; Cenci, R.; Jawahery, A.; Roberts, D. A.; Simi, G.; Tuggle, J. M.; Dallapiccola, C.; Salvati, E.; Cowan, R.; Dujmic, D.; Sciolla, G.; Zhao, M.; Lindemann, D.; Patel, P. M.; Robertson, S. H.; Schram, M.; Biassoni, P.; Lazzaro, A.; Lombardo, V.; Palombo, F.; Stracka, S.; Cremaldi, L.; Godang, R.; Kroeger, R.; Sonnek, P.; Summers, D. J.; Nguyen, X.; Simard, M.; Taras, P.; De Nardo, G.; Monorchio, D.; Onorato, G.; Sciacca, C.; Raven, G.; Snoek, H. L.; Jessop, C. P.; Knoepfel, K. J.; LoSecco, J. M.; Wang, W. F.; Corwin, L. A.; Honscheid, K.; Kass, R.; Morris, J. P.; Blount, N. L.; Brau, J.; Frey, R.; Igonkina, O.; Kolb, J. A.; Rahmat, R.; Sinev, N. B.; Strom, D.; Strube, J.; Torrence, E.; Castelli, G.; Feltresi, E.; Gagliardi, N.; Margoni, M.; Morandin, M.; Posocco, M.; Rotondo, M.; Simonetto, F.; Stroili, R.; Ben-Haim, E.; Bonneaud, G. R.; Briand, H.; Calderini, G.; Chauveau, J.; Hamon, O.; Leruste, Ph.; Marchiori, G.; Ocariz, J.; Prendki, J.; Sitt, S.; Biasini, M.; Manoni, E.; Rossi, A.; Angelini, C.; Batignani, G.; Bettarini, S.; Carpinelli, M.; Casarosa, G.; Cervelli, A.; Forti, F.; Giorgi, M. A.; Lusiani, A.; Neri, N.; Paoloni, E.; Rizzo, G.; Walsh, J. J.; Lopes Pegna, D.; Lu, C.; Olsen, J.; Smith, A. J. S.; Telnov, A. V.; Anulli, F.; Baracchini, E.; Cavoto, G.; Faccini, R.; Ferrarotto, F.; Ferroni, F.; Gaspero, M.; Li Gioi, L.; Mazzoni, M. A.; Piredda, G.; Renga, F.; Hartmann, T.; Leddig, T.; Schröder, H.; Waldi, R.; Adye, T.; Franek, B.; Olaiya, E. O.; Wilson, F. F.; Emery, S.; Hamel de Monchenault, G.; Vasseur, G.; Yèche, Ch.; Zito, M.; Allen, M. T.; Aston, D.; Bard, D. J.; Bartoldus, R.; Benitez, J. F.; Cartaro, C.; Convery, M. R.; Dorfan, J.; Dubois-Felsmann, G. P.; Dunwoodie, W.; Field, R. C.; Franco Sevilla, M.; Fulsom, B. G.; Gabareen, A. M.; Graham, M. T.; Grenier, P.; Hast, C.; Innes, W. R.; Kelsey, M. H.; Kim, H.; Kim, P.

    2012-05-30

    We present results for B-meson decay modes involving a charm meson, protons, and pions using 455×10? BB¯¯¯ pairs recorded by the BaBar detector at the SLAC PEP-II asymmetric-energy e?e? collider. The branching fractions are measured for the following ten decays: B¯¯¯??D?pp?, B¯¯¯??D*?pp?, B¯¯¯??D?pp???, B¯¯¯??D*?pp???, B??D?pp???, B??D*?pp???, B¯¯¯??D?pp?????, B¯¯¯??D*?pp?????, B??D?pp?????, and B??D*?pp?????. The four B? and the two five-body B¯¯¯? modes are observed for the first time. The four-body modes are enhanced compared to the three- and the five-body modes. In the three-body modes, the M(pp?) and M(D(*)?p) invariant-mass distributions show enhancements near threshold values. In the four-body mode B¯¯¯??D?pp???, the M(p??) distribution shows a narrow structure of unknown origin near 1.5 GeV/c². The distributions for the five-body modes, in contrast to the others, are similar to the expectations from uniform phase-space predictions.

  5. Northeast Energy Efficiency Partnerships: Advanced Lighting Controls...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Northeast Energy Efficiency Partnerships: Advanced Lighting Controls Northeast Energy Efficiency Partnerships: Advanced Lighting Controls Credit: Northeast Energy Efficiency...

  6. 2014 Solid-State Lighting Project Portfolio

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    White LED Light Engines ... A-23 Phosphor Systems for Illumination Quality Solid State Lighting Products ... A-24...

  7. Automatic Mechetronic Wheel Light Device

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Khan, Mohammed John Fitzgerald (Silver Spring, MD)

    2004-09-14

    A wheel lighting device for illuminating a wheel of a vehicle to increase safety and enhance aesthetics. The device produces the appearance of a "ring of light" on a vehicle's wheels as the vehicle moves. The "ring of light" can automatically change in color and/or brightness according to a vehicle's speed, acceleration, jerk, selection of transmission gears, and/or engine speed. The device provides auxiliary indicator lights by producing light in conjunction with a vehicle's turn signals, hazard lights, alarm systems, and etc. The device comprises a combination of mechanical and electronic components and can be placed on the outer or inner surface of a wheel or made integral to a wheel or wheel cover. The device can be configured for all vehicle types, and is electrically powered by a vehicle's electrical system and/or battery.

  8. Light-Like Noncommutativity, Light-Front Quantization and New Light on UV/IR Mixing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. M. Sheikh-Jabbari; A. Tureanu

    2010-10-02

    We revisit the problem of quantizing field theories on noncommutative Moyal spacetime with \\emph{light-like} noncommutativity. To tackle the issues arising from noncommuting and hence nonlocal time, we argue that for this case light-front quantization procedure should be employed. In this appropriate quantization scheme we perform the non-planar loop analysis for the light-like noncommutative field theories. One of the important and peculiar features of light-front quantization is that the UV cutoff of the light-cone Hamiltonian manifests itself as an IR cutoff for the light-cone momentum, $p^+$. Due to this feature, the naive results of covariant quantization for the light-like case allude to the absence of the UV/IR mixing in the light-front quantization. However, by a careful analysis of non-planar loop integrals we show that this is not the case and the UV/IR mixing persists. In addition, we argue in favour of the perturbative unitarity of light-like noncommutative field theories in the light-front quantization scheme.

  9. Status of Light Gaugino Scenarios

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Glennys R. Farrar

    1997-10-08

    I summarize recent devlopments in supersymmetry scenarios which leave some or all gauginos light. The emphasis is on experimental and phenomenological progress in the past year.

  10. Fluorescent Lighting | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    - by far the most common form of fluorescent lighting but rarely found in residential buildings -- are much more energy efficient than incandescent lamps and are ideally suited...

  11. Incandescent Lighting | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    courtesy of iStockphotoTokenPhoto. Incandescent lamps are often considered the least energy efficient type of electric lighting commonly found in residential buildings....

  12. Linac Coherent Light Source Overview

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Take an animated tour of the Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS). Follow the laser pulse from the injector gun all the way through to the Far Experimental Hall.

  13. Linac Coherent Light Source Overview

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2013-05-29

    Take an animated tour of the Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS). Follow the laser pulse from the injector gun all the way through to the Far Experimental Hall.

  14. Common Industrial Lighting Upgrade Technologies

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    is used to regulate the ongoing electricity provided to the lamp. COMMON INDUSTRIAL LIGHTING UPGRADE TECHNOLOGIES Due to the phase-out of the incandescent bulb and magnetic...

  15. Shedding Light on Nanocrystal Defects

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Shedding Light on Nanocrystal Defects Print Nanocrystals have been the focus of much scientific interest lately, given their various advantageous mechanical properties. Their...

  16. Pedestrian-Friendly Nighttime Lighting

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This November 19, 2013 webinar presented issues and considerations related to pedestrian-friendly nighttime lighting, such as color rendering, safety, and adaptation. When it comes to outdoor...

  17. Light-by-Light Scattering Effect in Light-Cone Supergraphs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Renata Kallosh; Pierre Ramond

    2010-06-24

    We give a relatively simple explanation of the light-cone supergraph prediction for the UV properties of the maximally supersymmetric theories. It is based on the existence of a dynamical supersymmetry which is not manifest in the light-cone supergraphs. It suggests that N=4 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory is UV finite and N=8 supergravity is UV finite at least until 7 loops whereas the $n$-point amplitudes have no UV divergences at least until $L=n+3$. Here we show that this prediction can be deduced from the properties of light-cone supergraphs analogous to the light-by-light scattering effect in QED. A technical aspect of the argument relies on the observation that the dynamical supersymmetry action is, in fact, a compensating field-dependent gauge transformation required for the retaining the light-cone gauge condition $A_+=0$.

  18. In Memory of V.P. Koptev January 12, 2012, died Head of the Laboratory Meson Physics of Condensed

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Titov, Anatoly

    In Memory of V.P. Koptev January 12, 2012, died Head of the Laboratory Meson Physics of Condensed, he rose from trainee to head a research laboratory. Over the years of employment in PNPI Vladimir synchrocyclotron he was actively involved in creating an experimental basis: setup and measurament of the low

  19. The first measurement of $B$ meson semi-leptonic decay contribution to non-photonic electrons at RHIC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xiaoyan Lin

    2007-01-30

    We present the first measurement for the $B$ meson semi-leptonic decay contribution to non-photonic electrons at RHIC using non-photonic electron azimuthal correlations with charged hadrons in p+p collisions at $\\sqrt{s_{NN}} = 200$ GeV from STAR.

  20. Production of ? mesons in Au+Au collisions at 11.7A GeV?c

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dunlop, James C.

    We report on a measurement of ?-meson production in Au+Au collisions at a beam momentum of 11.7A GeV?c by experiment 917 at the alternating gradient synchroton. The measurement covers the midrapidity region 1.2

  1. Production of heavy flavor and photons on high-energy colliders, and rare decays of heavy mesons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Production of heavy flavor and photons on high-energy colliders, and rare decays of heavy mesons (FCNC) decay ¯B0 ¯K0 e+ e- K- + e+ e-. Prompt photon production in pp (p¯p) collisions. Production s transition? Observation: in the SM, the photons, produced in the decay b s, are mainly left-handed polarized

  2. Measurements of phi meson production in relativistic heavy-ion collisions at the BNL Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sakuma, Tai

    We present results for the measurement of ? meson production via its charged kaon decay channel ??K[superscript +]K[superscript -] in Au+Au collisions at ?(s[subscript NN])=62.4,130, and 200 GeV, and in p+p and d+Au ...

  3. Measurement of D* mesons in jets from p+p collisions at sqrt [s]=200 GeV

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walker, M.

    We report the measurement of charged D[superscript *] mesons in inclusive jets produced in proton-proton collisions at a center-of-mass energy sqrt [s]=200??GeV with the STAR experiment at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider. ...

  4. Ramsey spectroscopy with squeezed light

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kenan Qu; G. S. Agarwal

    2013-07-12

    Traditional Ramsey spectroscopy has the frequency resolution $2\\pi/T$, where $T$ is the time separation between two light fields. Using squeezed states and two-atom excitation joint detection, we present a new scheme achieving a higher resolution $\\pi/T$. We use two mode squeezed light which exhibits strong entanglement.

  5. The Linac Coherent Light Source

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    White, William E.; Robert, Aymeric; Dunne, Mike

    2015-05-01

    The Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS) at the SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory was the first hard X-ray free-electron laser (FEL) to operate as a user facility. After five years of operation, LCLS is now a mature FEL user facility. Our personal views about opportunities and challenges inherent to these unique light sources are discussed.

  6. Turbo-Charged Lighting Design 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clark, W. H. II

    1992-01-01

    , which has many spaces with different task-specific lighting standards. The author was challenged by lighting-level requirements that spanned the range of possibilities, and was able to devise an accurate, expedient solution using a dBase language program...

  7. Lighting with Paint FABIO PELLACINI

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pellacini, Fabio

    Lighting with Paint FABIO PELLACINI Dartmouth College and FRANK BATTAGLIA, R. KEITH MORLEY of trials to obtain a suitable result. We present an interactive system wherein an artist paints desired look. The artist can paint color, light shape, shadows, highlights, and reflections using a suite

  8. Nuclear modification and elliptic flow measurements for $?$ mesons at $\\sqrt{s_{NN}}$ = 200 GeV d+Au and Au+Au collisions by PHENIX

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dipali Pal

    2005-10-06

    We report the first results of the nuclear modification factors and elliptic flow of the phi mesons measured by the PHENIX experiment at RHIC in high luminosity Au+Au collisions at sqrt(sNN) = 200 GeV. The nuclear modification factors R_AA and R_CP of the phi follow the same trend of suppression as pi0's in Au+Au collisions. In d+Au collisions at sqrt(sNN) = 200 GeV, the phi mesons are not suppressed. The elliptic flow of the phi mesons, measured in the minimum bias Au+Au events, is statistically consistent with other identified particles.

  9. Transverse-target-spin asymmetry in exclusive $\\omega$-meson electroproduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Airapetian, A; Akopov, Z; Aschenauer, E C; Augustyniak, W; Avetissian, A; Belostotski, S; Blok, H P; Borissov, A; Bryzgalov, V; Capitani, G P; Ciullo, G; Contalbrigo, M; Dalpiaz, P F; Deconinck, W; De Leo, R; De Sanctis, E; Diefenthaler, M; Di Nezza, P; Düren, M; Elbakian, G; Ellinghaus, F; Felawka, L; Frullani, S; Gabbert, D; Gapienko, G; Gapienko, V; Gharibyan, V; Giordano, F; Gliske, S; Hasch, D; Hoek, M; Holler, Y; Ivanilov, A; Jackson, H E; Joosten, S; Kaiser, R; Karyan, G; Keri, T; Kinney, E; Kisselev, A; Korotkov, V; Kozlov, V; Krivokhijine, V G; Lagamba, L; Lapikás, L; Lehmann, I; Lenisa, P; Lorenzon, W; Ma, B -Q; Manaenkov, S I; Mao, Y; Marianski, B; Marukyan, H; Miyachi, Y; Movsisyan, A; Muccifora, V; Naryshkin, Y; Nass, A; Negodaev, M; Nowak, W -D; Pappalardo, L L; Perez-Benito, R; Petrosyan, A; Reimer, P E; Reolon, A R; Riedl, C; Rith, K; Rosner, G; Rostomyan, A; Rubin, J; Ryckbosch, D; Salomatin, Y; Schnell, G; Seitz, B; Shibata, T -A; Statera, M; Steffens, E; Steijger, J J M; Stinzing, F; Taroian, S; Terkulov, A; Truty, R; Trzcinski, A; Tytgat, M; Van Haarlem, Y; Van Hulse, C; Vikhrov, V; Vilardi, I; Vogel, C; Wang, S; Yaschenko, S; Yen, S; Zihlmann, B; Zupranski, P

    2015-01-01

    Hard exclusive electroproduction of $\\omega$ mesons is studied with the HERMES spectrometer at the DESY laboratory by scattering 27.6 GeV positron and electron beams off a transversely polarized hydrogen target. The amplitudes of five azimuthal modulations of the single-spin asymmetry of the cross section with respect to the transverse proton polarization are measured. They are determined in the entire kinematic region as well as for two bins in photon virtuality and momentum transfer to the nucleon. Also, a separation of asymmetry amplitudes into longitudinal and transverse components is done. These results are compared to a phenomenological model that includes the pion pole contribution. Within this model, the data favor a positive $\\pi\\omega$ transition form factor.

  10. Search for Rare and Forbidden Charm Meson Decays at Fermilab E791

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fermilab E791 Collaboration; D. J. Summers

    2000-10-01

    We report the results of a blind search for flavor-changing neutral current, lepton-flavor violating, and lepton-number violating decays of D+, D(s)+, and D0 mesons (and their antiparticles) into modes containing muons and electrons. Using data from Fermilab charm hadroproduction experiment E791, we examine the pi l l and K l l decay modes of D+ and D(s)+ and the l+ l- decay modes of D0. No evidence for any of these decays is found. Therefore, we present branching-fraction upper limits at 90% confidence level for the 24 decay modes examined. Eight of these modes have no previously reported limits, and fourteen are reported with significant improvements over previously published results.

  11. phi-meson photoproduction on Hydrogen in the neutral decay mode

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Seraydaryan, Helena; Amaryan, Moscov J.; Gavalian, Gagik; Baghdasaryan, Hovhannes A.; Weinstein, Larry

    2014-05-01

    We report the first measurement of the photoproduction cross section of the $\\phi$ meson in its neutral decay mode in the reaction $\\gamma p \\to p\\phi(K_SK_L)$. The experiment was performed with a tagged photon beam of energy $1.6 \\le E_\\gamma \\le 3.6$ GeV incident on a liquid hydrogen target of the CLAS spectrometer at the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility. The $p \\phi$ final state is identified via reconstruction of $K_S$ in the invariant mass of two oppositely charged pions and by requiring the missing particle in the reaction $\\gamma p \\to p K_S X$ to be $K_L$. The presented results significantly enlarge the existing data on $\\phi$-photoproduction. These data, combined with the data from the charged decay mode, will help to constrain different mechanisms of $\\phi$ photoproduction.

  12. Experimental Investigation of Weak Non-Mesonic Decay of 10Be(Lambda)Hypernuclei at CEBAF

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    S. Majewski; L. Majling; A. Margaryan; L. Tang

    2005-08-05

    Hypernuclei are convenient laboratory to study the baryon-baryon weak interaction and associated effective Hamiltonian. The strangeness changing process, in which a Lambda hyperon converts to a neutron with a release up to 176 MeV, provides a clear signal for a conversion of an s-quark to a d-quark. We propose to perform a non-mesonic weak decay study of 10Be(Lambda)hypernuclei using the (e,eK) reaction. These investigations will fully utilize the unique parameters of the CEBAF CW electron beam and RF system and are enabled by (1) the use of new detector for alpha particles based on the recently developed RF timing technique with picosecond resolution and (2) the small angle and large acceptance kaon spectrometer-HKS in Hall C.

  13. The role of pion exchange in $?$ meson photo production on the deuteron

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Fix; H. Arenhövel; M. Levchuk; M. Tammam

    2015-01-01

    Incoherent $\\eta$ photoproduction on the deuteron is studied with the main emphasis on the role of final state interactions. In addition to the previously studied mechanisms of $NN$ and $\\eta N$ rescatterings, the role of an intermediate pion exchange is considered in detail, where first a pion is photoproduced on one nucleon and then rescatters into an $\\eta$ meson on the other, the spectator nucleon. It is found, that the role of this pion mediated contribution is comparable in size to that of $\\eta N$ rescattering. Results for total and semi-inclusive differential cross sections and associated polarization observables are presented. In particular polarization observables show a significant sensititvity to final state interactions.

  14. An automated framework for hierarchical reconstruction of B mesons at the Belle II experiment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Christian Pulvermacher; Thomas Keck; Michael Feindt; Martin Heck; Thomas Kuhr

    2014-12-15

    We present a software framework for Belle II that reconstructs B mesons in many decay modes with minimal user intervention. It does so by reconstructing particles in user-supplied decay channels, and then in turn using these reconstructed particles in higher-level decays. This hierarchical reconstruction allows one to cover a relatively high fraction of all B decays by specifying a limited number of particle decays. Multivariate classification methods are used to achieve a high signal-to-background ratio in each individual channel. The entire reconstruction, including the application of pre-cuts and classifier trainings, is automated to a high degree and will allow users to retrain to account for analysis-specific signal-side selections.

  15. Decays of Z boson into pseudoscalar meson pair of different flavours

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chia, Swee-Ping [High Impact Research, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia)

    2014-03-05

    We analyse the process Z°?M{sub 1}M{sub 2}, where M{sub 1} and M{sub 2} are pseudoscalar mesons with quark contents of q{sub 1}q{sup ¯} and qq{sup ¯}{sub 2} respectively. At the quark level, the process Z°?q{sub 1}q{sup ¯}{sub 2}, where q{sub 1} and q{sub 2} are quarks of different flavours, receives contribution only from the Z-penguin. In order to fold the quark-level process to the hadronic process, we make the fundamental assumption that the vertex of type Mqq{sup ¯} can be approximated by an effective constant ?5 coupling. With this assumption, estimates are obtained for the cross-sections for the following processes: Z°?K{sup ?}?{sup +}, Z°?B{sup ?}K{sup +}.

  16. Search for rare and forbidden charm meson decays at Fermilab E791

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Donald J. Summers et al.

    2000-09-29

    The authors report the results of a blind search for flavor-changing neutral current, lepton-flavor violating, and lepton-number violating decays of D{sup +}, D{sub s}{sup +}, and D{sup 0} mesons (and their antiparticles) into modes containing muons and electrons. Using data from Fermilab charm hadroproduction experiment E791, they examine the {pi}{ell}{ell} and K{ell}{ell} decay modes of D{sup +} and D{sub s}{sup +} and the {ell}{sup +}{ell}{sup {minus}} decay modes of D{sup 0}. No evidence for any of these decays is found. Therefore, they present branching-fraction upper limits at 90% confidence level for the 24 decay modes examined. Eight of these modes have no previously reported limits, and fourteen are reported with significant improvements over previously published results.

  17. D-meson enhancement in pp collisions at the LHC due to nonlinear gluon evolution

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dainese, A.; Vogt, R.; Bondila, M.; Eskola, K.J.; Kolhinen, V.J.

    2004-08-22

    When nonlinear effects on the gluon evolution are included with constraints from HERA, the gluon distribution in the free proton is enhanced at low momentum fractions, x {approx}< 0.01, and low scales, Q{sup 2} {approx}< 10 GeV{sup 2}, relative to standard, DGLAP-evolved, gluon distributions. Consequently, such gluon distributions can enhance charm production in pp collisions at center of mass energy 14 TeV by up to a factor of five at midrapidity, y {approx} 0, and transverse momentum p{sub T} {yields} 0 in the most optimistic case. We show that most of this enhancement survives hadronization into D mesons. Assuming the same enhancement at leading and next-to-leading order, we show that the D enhancement may be measured by D{sup 0} reconstruction in the K{sup -}{pi}{sup +} decay channel with the ALICE detector.

  18. Physical Origin of Density Dependent Force of the Skyrme Type within the Quark Meson Coupling Model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pierre Guichon; Hrayr Matevosyan; N. Sandulescu; Anthony Thomas

    2006-03-17

    A density dependent, effective nucleon-nucleon force of the Skyrme type is derived from the quark-meson coupling model--a self-consistent, relativistic quark level description of nuclear matter. This new formulation requires no assumption that the mean scalar field is small and hence constitutes a significant advance over earlier work. The similarity of the effective interaction to the widely used SkM* force encourages us to apply it to a wide range of nuclear problems, beginning with the binding energies and charge distributions of doubly magic nuclei. Finding impressive results in this conventional arena, we apply the same effective interaction, within the Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov approach, to the properties of nuclei far from stability. The resulting two neutron drip lines and shell quenching are quite satisfactory. Finally, we apply the relativistic formulation to the properties of dense nuclear matter in anticipation of future application to the properties of neutron stars.

  19. Amplitude extraction in pseudoscalar-meson photoproduction: towards a situation of complete information

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jannes Nys; Tom Vrancx; Jan Ryckebusch

    2015-02-04

    A complete set for pseudoscalar-meson photoproduction is a minimum set of observables from which one can determine the underlying reaction amplitudes unambiguously. The complete sets considered in this work involve single- and double-polarization observables. It is argued that for extracting amplitudes from data, the transversity representation of the reaction amplitudes offers advantages over alternate representations. It is shown that with the available single-polarization data for the p({\\gamma},K^+)\\Lambda reaction, the energy and angular dependence of the moduli of the normalized transversity amplitudes in the resonance region can be determined to a fair accuracy. Determining the relative phases of the amplitudes from double-polarization observables is far less evident.

  20. Search for Low Mass Exotic mesonic structures. Part II: attempts to understand the experimental results

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. Tatischeff; E. Tomasi-Gustafsson

    2007-10-09

    Our previous paper, part I of the same study, shows the different experimental spectra used to conclude on the genuine existence of narrow, weakly excited mesonic structures, having masses below and a little above the pion (M=139.56 MeV) mass. This work \\cite{previous} was instigated by the observation, in the $\\Sigma^{+}$ disintegration: $\\Sigma^{+}\\to$pP$^{0}$, P$^{0}\\to\\mu^{-}\\mu^{+}$ \\cite{park}, of a narrow range of dimuon masses. The authors conclude on the existence of a neutral intermediate state P$_{0}$, with a mass M=214.3 MeV $\\pm$ 0.5 MeV. We present here some attempts to understand the possible nature of the structures observed in part I.

  1. Device structure for OLED light device having multi element light extraction and luminescence conversion layer

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Antoniadis; Homer (Mountain View, CA), Krummacher; Benjamin Claus (Regensburg, DE)

    2008-01-22

    An apparatus such as a light source has a multi-element light extraction and luminescence conversion layer disposed over a transparent layer of the light source and on the exterior of said light source. The multi-element light extraction and luminescence conversion layer includes a plurality of light extraction elements and a plurality of luminescence conversion elements. The light extraction elements diffuses the light from the light source while luminescence conversion elements absorbs a first spectrum of light from said light source and emits a second spectrum of light.

  2. OLED lighting devices having multi element light extraction and luminescence conversion layer

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Krummacher, Benjamin Claus (Regensburg, DE); Antoniadis, Homer (Mountain View, CA)

    2010-11-16

    An apparatus such as a light source has a multi element light extraction and luminescence conversion layer disposed over a transparent layer of the light source and on the exterior of said light source. The multi-element light extraction and luminescence conversion layer includes a plurality of light extraction elements and a plurality of luminescence conversion elements. The light extraction elements diffuses the light from the light source while luminescence conversion elements absorbs a first spectrum of light from said light source and emits a second spectrum of light.

  3. Quasi light fields: Extending the light field to coherent radiation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Accardi, Anthony J.

    Imaging technologies such as dynamic viewpoint generation are engineered for incoherent radiation using the traditional light field, and for coherent radiation using electromagnetic field theory. We present a model of ...

  4. Light Front Quantization with the Light Cone Gauge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. G. C. McKeon; Chenguang Zhao

    2015-10-07

    The Dirac procedure for dealing with constraints is applied to the quantization of gauge theories on the light front. The light cone gauge is used in conjunction with the first class constraints that arise and the resulting Dirac brackets are found. These gauge conditions are not used to eliminate degrees of freedom from the action prior to applying the Dirac constraint procedure. This approach is illustrated by considering Yang-Mills theory and the superparticle in a 2 + 1 dimensional target space.

  5. Inorganic volumetric light source excited by ultraviolet light

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Reed, S.; Walko, R.J.; Ashley, C.S.; Brinker, C.J.

    1994-04-26

    The invention relates to a composition for the volumetric generation of radiation. The composition comprises a porous substrate loaded with a component capable of emitting radiation upon interaction with an exciting radiation. Preferably, the composition is an aerogel substrate loaded with a component, e.g., a phosphor, capable of interacting with exciting radiation of a first energy, e.g., ultraviolet light, to produce radiation of a second energy, e.g., visible light. 4 figures.

  6. Inorganic volumetric light source excited by ultraviolet light

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Reed, Scott (Albuquerue, NM); Walko, Robert J. (Albuquerue, NM); Ashley, Carol S. (Albuquerue, NM); Brinker, C. Jeffrey (Albuquerue, NM)

    1994-01-01

    The invention relates to a composition for the volumetric generation of radiation. The composition comprises a porous substrate loaded with a component capable of emitting radiation upon interaction with an exciting radiation. Preferably, the composition is an aerogel substrate loaded with a component, e.g., a phosphor, capable of interacting with exciting radiation of a first energy, e.g., ultraviolet light, to produce radiation of a second energy, e.g., visible light.

  7. Lighting the Way with Compact Fluorescent Lighting | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousMathematicsEnergyInterested Parties - WAPA PublicLED ADOPTIONtoLighting System Optimization:Lighting the

  8. A Frequency Analysis of Light Transport

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Durand, Frédo

    #12;A Frequency Analysis of Light Transport F. Durand, MIT CSAIL N. Holzschuch, C. Soler, ARTIS lighting onlyDirect lighting only #12;Frequency aspects of light transport · Blurriness = frequency content ­ From equations of light transport #12;Unified framework: · Spatial frequency (e.g. shadows, textures

  9. Beyond the Replacement Paradigm: Smart Lighting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Salama, Khaled

    Hole? · DC device in an AC Powered World · Cool light source with thermal issues · High Efficacy ­ High Spectral Density Information Informationneeded to makethe Light SMART #12;10 Light Flow ­ InformationBeyond the Replacement Paradigm: Smart Lighting Robert F. Karlicek, Jr. Director, Smart Lighting

  10. Projection screen having reduced ambient light scattering

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Sweatt, William C. (Albuquerque, NM)

    2010-05-11

    An apparatus and method for improving the contrast between incident projected light and ambient light reflected from a projection screen are described. The efficiency of the projection screen for reflection of the projected light remains high, while permitting the projection screen to be utilized in a brightly lighted room. Light power requirements from the projection system utilized may be reduced.

  11. Light metal explosives and propellants

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wood, Lowell L.; Ishikawa, Muriel Y.; Nuckolls, John H.; Pagoria, Phillip F.; Viecelli, James A.

    2005-04-05

    Disclosed herein are light metal explosives, pyrotechnics and propellants (LME&Ps) comprising a light metal component such as Li, B, Be or their hydrides or intermetallic compounds and alloys containing them and an oxidizer component containing a classic explosive, such as CL-20, or a non-explosive oxidizer, such as lithium perchlorate, or combinations thereof. LME&P formulations may have light metal particles and oxidizer particles ranging in size from 0.01 .mu.m to 1000 .mu.m.

  12. Design and evaluation of a wide bandwidth logarithmic-ratio beam position monitor processor for the Proton Storage Ring at the Los Alamos Meson Physics Facility 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carter, Hamilton Blalock

    1994-01-01

    The Proton Storage Ring (PSR) is a facility used for high intensity neutron studies at the Los Alamos Meson Physics Facility(LAWF), located at the Los Alamos National Laboratories, Los Alamos, New Mexico. A wide bandwidth beam position processor...

  13. Comparison of predicted ground-level airborne radionuclide concentrations to measured values resulting from operation of the Los Alamos Meson Physics Facility 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hoak, William Vandergrift

    1993-01-01

    A comparison study of measured and predicted downwind radionuclide concentrations from the Los Alamos Meson Physics Facility (LAMPF) was performed. The radionuclide emissions consist primarily of the radioisotopes "C, 'IN, and 110. The gases...

  14. Measurement of [phi] meson production in Cu+Cu collisions at 200 GeV using the PHOBOS detector at RHIC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vaurynovich, Siarhei (Siarhei S.)

    2012-01-01

    Strong enhancement of production of strange particles, and in particular of [phi] mesons, in heavy ion collisions of sufficiently high energies has been predicted to be an indication of a formation of a new state of matter, ...

  15. Tips: Lighting | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    are available as flood lights. These models have been tested to withstand the rain and snow so they can be used in exposed fixtures. Look for ENERGY STAR-qualified fixtures that...

  16. Next Generation Light Source Workshops

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Next Generation Light Source Workshops A series of workshops will be held in late August with the goal of refining the scientific drivers for the facility and translating the...

  17. Columbia Water & Light- Solar Rebates

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Columbia Water & Light electric customers are eligible for a $400 rebate for the purchase of a new solar water heater. To apply for this rebate, a customer submits a pre-approval application to...

  18. Series cell light extinction monitor

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Novick, Vincent J. (Downers Grove, IL)

    1990-01-01

    A method and apparatus for using the light extinction measurements from two or more light cells positioned along a gasflow chamber in which the gas volumetric rate is known to determine particle number concentration and mass concentration of an aerosol independent of extinction coefficient and to determine estimates for particle size and mass concentrations. The invention is independent of particle size. This invention has application to measurements made during a severe nuclear reactor fuel damage test.

  19. Controls for Solid-State Lighting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rubinstein, Francis

    2007-01-01

    the promising hybrid LED lighting systems are: 1. LED Hybridexample of a hybrid LED lighting system, is a system fieldedwhich switches to low-level LED lighting after the occupancy

  20. Embodied Energy and Off-Grid Lighting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alstone, Peter

    2012-01-01

    Self-reported Impacts of LED Lighting Technology Comparedto Fuel-based Lighting on Night Market Business Prosperity28, no. 4, pp. 533-546. Lighting Africa (prepared by Dalberg