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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "merged sounding vap" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

ARM - Evaluation Product - Merged Sounding VAP  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ProductsMerged Sounding VAP ProductsMerged Sounding VAP Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Evaluation Product : Merged Sounding VAP Site(s) FKB GRW HFE NIM NSA PYE SGP TWP General Description This value-added product (VAP) uses a combination of observations from radiosonde soundings, the microwave radiometer, surface meteorological instruments, and ECMWF model output with a sophisticated scaling/interpolation/smoothing scheme in order to define profiles of the atmospheric thermodynamic state. These profiles are calculated at one-minute time resolution and 266 vertical levels which vary such that greater detail (20 meters) is captured near the surface with the resolution becoming coarser (200 meters) as the maximum altitude - 20 km above mean

2

Merged Sounding Value-Added Product  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Merged Sounding value-added product (VAP) uses a combination of observations from radiosonde soundings, the microwave radiometer (MWR), surface meteorological instruments, and European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) model output with a sophisticated scaling/interpolation/smoothing scheme in order to define profiles of the atmospheric thermodynamic state at one-minute temporal intervals and a total of 266 altitude levels.

Troyan, D

2010-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

3

ARM - Publications: Science Team Meeting Documents: The Merged...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of Utah The Merged-Sounding VAP is the much anticipated product which provides a thermodynamic profile of the atmosphere in one minute intervals. As the product is refined for...

4

ARM - VAP Process - interpsonde  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Productsinterpsonde Productsinterpsonde Documentation & Plots Technical Report Data Management Facility Plots (Quick Looks) ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send VAP : Interpolated Sonde (INTERPSONDE) Instrument Categories Atmospheric Profiling, Derived Quantities and Models The INTERPSONDE value-added product (VAP) is a modification of the MERGESONDE VAP that produces a daily file of thermodynamic variables from radiosonde soundings, the microwave radiometer, and surface meteorological instruments. This product does not incorporate ECMWF model output. INTERPSONDE includes many of the same sophisticated scaling/interpolation/smoothing schemes that are the hallmark of MERGESONDE, but there are benefits to excluding ECMWF model output. These

5

ARM - VAP Suggestion Form  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ProductsVAP Suggestion Form ProductsVAP Suggestion Form Showcase Data ARM Best Estimate Data Products (ARMBE) This is a collection of data products that represents "best estimates" derived from several instruments and/or VAPs. We are interested in your feedback; please contact us. VAP Update Information on new, existing, and future value-added products for July-September 2013 is now available. Have a VAP idea? Use this form to let us know. Datastream Status Further details on the status of VAPs being processed or developed, can be found at on the ARM Value-Added Product (VAP) Status web page. Use the Data File Inventory tool to view VAP data availability at the file level. Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send VAP Suggestion Form

6

DOE/SC-ARM/TR-087 Merged Sounding Value-Added Product D Troyan  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

7 7 Merged Sounding Value-Added Product D Troyan March 2012 DISCLAIMER This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by the U.S. Government. Neither the United States nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise, does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement, recommendation, or favoring by the U.S. Government or any agency thereof. The views and

7

ARM - VAP Product - abrfcprecip  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send VAP Output : ABRFCPRECIP Arkansas-Red Basin River Forecast Center: estimated precipitation Active Dates 1994.06.24 - 2014.01.12 Originating VAP...

8

ARM - VAP Process - pblht  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Productspblht Productspblht Documentation & Plots Technical Report Data Management Facility Plots (Quick Looks) ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send VAP : Planetary Boundary Layer Height (PBLHT) Instrument Categories Atmospheric Profiling Quicklook plot showing all PBL height estimates produced by the PBLHT VAP for the 05:30 UTC, April 10, 2004, radiosonde at the Southern Great Plains (SGP) site. Quicklook plot showing all PBL height estimates produced by the PBLHT VAP for the 05:30 UTC, April 10, 2004, radiosonde at the Southern Great Plains (SGP) site. Annual summary of PBL height estimates produced by the VAP Liu-Liang method for 2004 at SGP. Annual summary of PBL height estimates produced by the VAP Liu-Liang method

9

ARM - VAP Product - bsrncalc  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send VAP Output : BSRNCALC Baseline Solar Radiation Network (BSRN): calculated solar irradiances Active Dates 1993.10.09 -...

10

ARM - VAP Process - bsrncalc  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

to hear from you Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send VAP : Baseline Solar Radiation Network (BSRN): calculated solar irradiances (BSRNCALC) Note:bsrncalc is...

11

ARM - VAP Product - armbecldrad  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Productsarmbearmbecldrad Productsarmbearmbecldrad Documentation Data Management Facility Plots (Quick Looks) Citation DOI: 10.5439/1095314 DOI: 10.5439/1039926 Central Facility, Lamont, OK (SGP C1) DOI: 10.5439/1039927 Central Facility, Barrow AK (NSA C1) DOI: 10.5439/1039928 Central Facility, Manus I., PNG (TWP C1) DOI: 10.5439/1039929 Central Facility, Nauru Island (TWP C2) DOI: 10.5439/1039930 Central Facility, Darwin, Australia (TWP C3) [ What is this? ] Generate Citation ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send VAP Output : ARMBECLDRAD ARMBE: Cloud Radiation measurements Active Dates 1996.01.01 - 2011.01.01 Originating VAP Process ARM Best Estimate Data Products : ARMBE Description The ARMBE Cloud Radiation (ARMBECLDRAD) VAP contains a best estimate of

12

ARM - VAP Process - surfspecalb  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Productssurfspecalb Productssurfspecalb Documentation & Plots Technical Report Data Management Facility Plots (Quick Looks) ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send VAP : Surface Spectral Albedo (SURFSPECALB) Instrument Categories Surface/Subsurface Properties Example quicklook from the SURFSPECALB VAP. The plot shows the estimated spectral albedo at SGP for the 10-m and 25-m towers on September 11, 2004. On this day, the surface type for both towers is partial vegetation. Example quicklook from the SURFSPECALB VAP. The plot shows the estimated spectral albedo at SGP for the 10-m and 25-m towers on September 11, 2004. On this day, the surface type for both towers is partial vegetation.

13

ARM - VAP Process - sfccldgrid  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Productssfccldgrid Productssfccldgrid Documentation & Plots Technical Report Data Management Facility Plots (Quick Looks) ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send VAP : Surface Cloud Grid (SFCCLDGRID) Instrument Categories Cloud Properties, Derived Quantities and Models The Surface Cloud Grid VAP uses as input the 15-minute output from the Shortwave Flux Analysis VAP (Long, 2001; Long and Ackerman, 2000; Long et al., 1999) from the Southern Great Plains (SGP) Central and Extended Facilities. It applies a multi-pass weighted sum analytic approximation technique (Caracena, 1987), which uses Gaussian weighting and an imposed scale length, to interpolate to a 0.25 degree by 0.25 degree lat/long grid

14

ARM - VAP Process - baebbr  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Productsbaebbr Productsbaebbr Documentation & Plots Data Management Facility Plots (Quick Looks) ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send VAP : Best-Estimate Fluxes From EBBR Measurements and Bulk Aerodynamics Calculations (BAEBBR) Instrument Categories Derived Quantities and Models The BAEBBR VAP calculates the bulk aerodynamic latent and sensible heat fluxes from Energy Balance Bowen Ratio (EBBR) Station meteorological measurements and uses these in place of the EBBR flux measurements when the Bowen ratio is between -1.6 and -0.45. The resultant dataset is considered to provide the "best estimate" of the diurnal cycle of fluxes. For more details, see http://science.arm.gov/vaps/baebbr.stm.

15

ARM - VAP Process - mplnor  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Productsmplnor Productsmplnor Documentation & Plots Data Management Facility Plots (Quick Looks) ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send VAP : Normalized Backscatter Profiles from the Micropulse Lidar (MPLNOR) Instrument Categories Cloud Properties This VAP has two primary purposes: to apply the appropriate corrections to create normalized backscatter profiles from the MPL, and to detect all significant cloud boundaries from this normalized dataset. The corrections included in the normalization process include background subtraction, a correction for the afterpulsing (ringing) of the detector, an correction for the disparity between the laser and detector's field-of-view (overlap),

16

ARM - VAP Product - armbeatm  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Productsarmbearmbeatm Productsarmbearmbeatm Documentation Data Management Facility Plots (Quick Looks) Citation DOI: 10.5439/1095313 DOI: 10.5439/1039931 Central Facility, Lamont, OK (SGP C1) DOI: 10.5439/1039932 Central Facility, Barrow AK (NSA C1) DOI: 10.5439/1039933 Central Facility, Manus I., PNG (TWP C1) DOI: 10.5439/1039934 Central Facility, Nauru Island (TWP C2) DOI: 10.5439/1039935 Central Facility, Darwin, Australia (TWP C3) [ What is this? ] Generate Citation ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send VAP Output : ARMBEATM ARMBE: Atmospheric measurements Active Dates 1994.01.01 - 2012.12.31 Originating VAP Process ARM Best Estimate Data Products : ARMBE Description The ARM Best Estimate Atmospheric Measurements (ARMBEATM) value-added

17

ARM - VAP Product - aosccnavg  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Productsaosccnavgaosccnavg Productsaosccnavgaosccnavg Documentation Data Management Facility Plots (Quick Looks) Citation DOI: 10.5439/1095312 [ What is this? ] Generate Citation ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send VAP Output : AOSCCNAVG Aerosol Observing System (AOS): cloud condensation nuclei data, averaged Active Dates 2007.05.19 - 2014.01.05 Originating VAP Process Aerosol Observing System (AOS): cloud condensation nuclei data, averaged : AOSCCNAVG Measurements Only measurements considered scientifically relevant are shown below by default. Show all measurements Measurement Units Variable Cloud condensation nuclei Number concentration of CCN 1/cm^3 N_CCN ( time ) Size distribution of activated nuclei unitless N_CCN_dN ( time, droplet_size )

18

ARM - VAP Process - gvrpwv  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Productsgvrpwv Productsgvrpwv Documentation & Plots Technical Report Data Management Facility Plots (Quick Looks) ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send VAP : G-Band Vapor Radiometer Precipitable Water Vapor (GVRPWV) Instrument Categories Radiometric The G-Band Vapor Radiometer Precipitable Water Vapor (GVRPWV) value-added product (VAP) computes precipitable water vapor using neural network techniques from data measured by the GVR. The GVR reports time-series measurements of brightness temperatures for four channels located at 183.3 ± 1, 3, 7, and 14 GHz. For more details, see the technical report. Output Products gvr : G-band (183 GHz) Vapor Radiometer Primary Measurements The following measurements are those considered scientifically relevant.

19

ARM - VAP Process - aod  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Productsaod Productsaod Documentation & Plots Technical Report (1) Technical Report (2) Data Management Facility Plots (Quick Looks) ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send VAP : Aerosol Optical Depth (AOD) Instrument Categories Derived Quantities and Models The core purpose of the ARM Facility is to reduce uncertainties in climate model predictions. A dominant source of uncertainty in these models is the radiative impact of aerosols, which has spawned a major effort in ARM to measure aerosol properties. The Aerosol Optical Depth (AOD) value-added product (VAP) is concerned with several important aerosol radiative properties. The most important of these is the aerosol optical depth (AOD), which is a measure of the total aerosol

20

ARM - VAP Process - aip  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Productsaip Productsaip Documentation & Plots Data Management Facility Plots (Quick Looks) ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send VAP : Aerosol Intensive Properties (AIP) Instrument Categories Aerosols The aip1ogren value-added product (VAP) computes several aerosol intensive properties. It requires as input calibrated, corrected, aerosol extensive properties from the Aerosol Observing Station (AOS). Aerosol extensive properties depend on both the nature of the aerosol and the amount of the aerosol. Intensive properties are independent of aerosol amount, depending only on the nature of the specific aerosol. The intensive properties of hygroscopic growth factor, aerosol single-scattering albedo,

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "merged sounding vap" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

ARM - VAP Process - diffcor  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Productsdiffcor Productsdiffcor Documentation & Plots Technical Report Data Management Facility Plots (Quick Looks) ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send VAP : Correction of Diffuse Shortwave Measurements (DIFFCOR) Instrument Categories Derived Quantities and Models The DIFFCORR1DUTT VAP uses two techniques to correct shortwave (SW) data during daytime hours, using information from a collocated pyrgeometer. First, the detector-only correction technique uses data in the form of irradiance loss from the pyrgeometer detector. Second, the full-correction technique uses information from collocated pyrgeometer detector data, plus the difference between the case and dome temperatures. Both techniques

22

ARM - VAP Process - aosccnavg  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Productsaosccnavg Productsaosccnavg Documentation & Plots Data Management Facility Plots (Quick Looks) ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send VAP : Aerosol Observing System (AOS): cloud condensation nuclei data, averaged (AOSCCNAVG) Instrument Categories Aerosols This value-added product was developed to consolidate the relevant cloud condensation nuclei (CCN) parameters into a single file and averaged the data over the 5-minute integration time of each percent supersaturation (%ss) value. The surface sites measure the CCN concentration at several supersaturations using a single-column CCN counter (Roberts and Nenes, 2005). The percent supersaturation of the instrument is stepped through

23

ARM - VAP Process - abrfc  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Productsabrfc Productsabrfc Documentation & Plots abrfc : XDC documentation Data Management Facility Plots (Quick Looks) ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send VAP : Arkansas-Red Basin River Forecast Center (ABRFC) Instrument Categories Surface Meteorology General Overview Every hour a gridded (4 km x 4 km) precipitation field is created. This field is a combination of both WSR-88D Nexrad radar precipitation estimates and rain gauge reports. The ABRFC performs extensive quality control on these data. For more details, see the External Data Center web page. Output Products abrfcprecip : Arkansas-Red Basin River Forecast Center: estimated precipitation Primary Measurements The following measurements are those considered scientifically relevant.

24

ARM - VAP Process - twrmr  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Productstwrmr Productstwrmr Documentation & Plots Technical Report Data Management Facility Plots (Quick Looks) ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send VAP : Tower Water-Vapor Mixing Ratio (TWRMR) Instrument Categories Atmospheric Profiling The primary purpose of this algorithm is to calculate water-vapor mixing ratio at the 25- and 60-m levels of the tower at the Southern Great Plains (SGP) Central Facility. Since there are no barometric pressure sensors at those levels on the tower, the hypsometric equation is used along with pressure values from either the Surface Meteorological Observation System (SMOS) or the Temperature, Humidity, Wind, and Pressure System (THWAPS) to derive barometric pressures at those altitudes. After this is done, water

25

ARM - VAP Process - visst  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Productsvisst Productsvisst Documentation & Plots visst : XDC documentation Data Management Facility Plots (Quick Looks) ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send VAP : Minnis Cloud Products Using Visst Algorithm (VISST) Instrument Categories Cloud Properties, Satellite Observations General Overview Satellite based retrievals of cloud and radiation properties are available in this value-added product provided by Pat Minnis' group at NASA/Langley using the VISST (Visible Infrared Solar-Infrared Split Window Technique) algorithm. These datastreams are both pixel-level (4-km) retrievals and averages on a 0.3 or 0.5 degree latitude-longitude grid and replace earlier satellite-based retrievals on the Layered Bispectral Threshold Method

26

ARM - VAP Process - tdmadap  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Productstdmadap Productstdmadap Documentation & Plots tdmadap : XDC documentation Data Management Facility Plots (Quick Looks) ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send VAP : Aerosol Properties derived from TDMA Measurements (TDMADAP) Instrument Categories Aerosols Output Products tdmaccncoll : Tandem Differential Mobility Analyzer: Cloud Condensation Nuclei -- D. Collins Primary Measurements The following measurements are those considered scientifically relevant. Cloud condensation nuclei Locations Southern Great Plains SGP X1 Browse Data External Data (satellites and others) Contact(s) Alison Tilp (631) 344-4465 tilp@bnl.gov Alison Tilp Developer (631) 344-4465 tilp@bnl.gov Connor Flynn Translator

27

ARM - VAP Process - rlprof  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Productsrlprof Productsrlprof Documentation & Plots Technical Report Data Management Facility Plots (Quick Looks) ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send VAP : Raman LIDAR Vertical Profiles (RLPROF) Instrument Categories Aerosols, Atmospheric Profiling, Derived Quantities and Models Rlprof data flow diagram Rlprof data flow diagram Data flowchart for the RLPROF family. (Larger image available.) The Raman lidar automatically attempts to reoptimize the position of the laser beam in the detector's field-of-view every few hours (this is required for most narrow field-of-view lidar systems). However, this can introduce alignment artifacts in the narrow field-of-view data due to the way the detection channels are arranged on the optical bench. A suite of

28

ARM - VAP Process - mwrret  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Productsmwrret Productsmwrret Documentation & Plots Technical Report Data Management Facility Plots (Quick Looks) ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send VAP : MWR Retrievals (MWRRET) Instrument Categories Cloud Properties, Atmospheric Profiling, Derived Quantities and Models Image - sample data plot Image - sample data plot There are 2-channel (23.8 and 31.4GHz) microwave radiometers (MWRs) deployed at each ARM Climate Research Facility site. The observed brightness temperatures from these MWRs can be inverted to retrieve precipitable water vapor (PWV) and cloud liquid water path (LWP), both of which are critical variables to understanding radiative transfer in the atmosphere and clouds. The ARM Facility routinely has provided retrieved

29

merge sort  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Includes a parallel merge sort, too. More information. animation (Java). Comparison of quicksort, heapsort, and merge sort on modern processors. ...

2013-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

30

Quarterly VAP Report - April to June  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this report is to provide a concise status update for value-added products (VAP) implemented by the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Climate Research Facility. The report is divided into the following sections: (1) new VAPs for which development has begun, (2) progress on existing VAPs, (3) future VAPs that have been recently approved, (4) other work that leads to a VAP, and (5) top requested VAPs from the Data Archive. New information is highlighted in blue text. New information about processed data by the developer is highlighted in red text. The upcoming milestones and dates are highlighted in green.

Sivaraman, C

2012-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

31

Quarterly VAP Report - January to March  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this report is to provide a concise status update for value-added products (VAP) implemented by the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Climate Research Facility. The report is divided into the following sections: (1) new VAPs for which development has begun, (2) progress on existing VAPs, (3) future VAPs that have been recently approved, (4) other work that leads to a VAP, and (5) top requested VAPs from the archive. New information is highlighted in blue text. New information about processed data by the developer is highlighted in red text. The upcoming milestones and dates are highlighted in green.

C Sivaraman

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

32

ARM - VAP Product - 30baebbr  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Productsbaebbr30baebbr Productsbaebbr30baebbr Documentation Data Management Facility Plots (Quick Looks) Citation DOI: 10.5439/1027268 [ What is this? ] Generate Citation ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Example 30baebbr Data Plot Example 30baebbr data plot VAP Output : 30BAEBBR EBBR: bulk aerodynamic estimates of sensible & latent heat fluxes, 30-min Active Dates 1993.07.04 - 2013.12.31 Originating VAP Process Best-Estimate Fluxes From EBBR Measurements and Bulk Aerodynamics Calculations : BAEBBR Measurements Only measurements considered scientifically relevant are shown below by default. Show all measurements Measurement Units Variable Aerodynamic latent heat flux W/m^2 aerodynamic_latent_heat_flux ( time )

33

ARM - Evaluation Product - Organic Aerosol Component VAP  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ProductsOrganic Aerosol Component VAP ProductsOrganic Aerosol Component VAP Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Evaluation Product : Organic Aerosol Component VAP 2011.01.08 - 2012.03.24 Site(s) SGP General Description Organic aerosol (OA, i.e., the organic fraction of particles) accounts for 10-90% of the fine aerosol mass globally and is a key determinant of aerosol radiative forcing. But atmospheric OA is poorly characterized and its life cycle insufficiently represented in models. As a result, current models are unable to simulate OA concentrations and properties. This deficiency represents a large source of uncertainty in the quantification of aerosol direct and indirect effects and the prediction of future climate change. The Organic Aerosol Component (OACOMP) value-added product (VAP) uses

34

VAP Development: Initiation, Development, Evaluation, and Release  

SciTech Connect

This white paper provides a plan to formalize the evaluation of newly developed VAPs and a framework for the development of value-added products through four different stages: Initiation, Development, Evaluation, and Release.

Jensen, M; Collis, Fast, J; Flynn, C; Mather, J; McFarlane, S; Monroe, J; Sivaraman, C; Xie, S

2011-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

35

ARM - VAP Product - 10rlprofmr1turn  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Data Plot Example 10rlprofmr1turn data plot VAP Output : 10RLPROFMR1TURN Raman LIDAR (RL): water vapor mixing ratio and relative humidity profiles, along with PWV Active...

36

ARM - VAP Product - 10rlprofdep1turn  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

rlprofdep1turn rlprofdep1turn Documentation Data Management Facility Plots (Quick Looks) Citation DOI: 10.5439/1027252 [ What is this? ] Generate Citation ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Example 10rlprofdep1turn Data Plot Example 10rlprofdep1turn data plot VAP Output : 10RLPROFDEP1TURN 10-minute Raman Lidar: aerosol depolarization profiles and single layer cloud optical depths from first Turner algorithm Active Dates 1998.03.01 - 2013.12.28 Originating VAP Process Raman LIDAR Vertical Profiles : RLPROF Description The primary goal of the Raman Lidar Profiles - Depolarization Ratio (RLPROF_DEP) VAP is to produce linear depolarization ratio profiles. Linear depolarization is defined as the ratio of the cross-polarized return to the

37

ARM - VAP Product - mfrsrcldod1min  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Productsmfrsrcldodmfrsrcldod1min Productsmfrsrcldodmfrsrcldod1min Documentation Data Management Facility Plots (Quick Looks) Citation DOI: 10.5439/1027296 [ What is this? ] Generate Citation ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send VAP Output : MFRSRCLDOD1MIN Derived: Cloud Optical Properties from MFRSR, MWR, Langley Analysis Active Dates 1997.08.21 - 2013.10.08 Originating VAP Process Cloud Optical Properties from MFRSR Using Min Algorithm : MFRSRCLDOD Description The mfrsrcldod1min value-added product produces cloud optical properties (optical depth and effective radius) from multi-filter rotating shadowband radiometer (MFRSR) , micorwave radiomter (MWR) and the Langley analysis Value Added Product (Langley VAP).

38

ARM - VAP Product - surfspecalb1mlawer  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Productssurfspecalbsurfspecalb1mlawer Productssurfspecalbsurfspecalb1mlawer Documentation Data Management Facility Plots (Quick Looks) Citation DOI: 10.5439/1095394 [ What is this? ] Generate Citation ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send VAP Output : SURFSPECALB1MLAWER Surface Spectral Albedo Active Dates 1998.04.07 - 2013.11.04 Originating VAP Process Surface Spectral Albedo : SURFSPECALB Measurements Only measurements considered scientifically relevant are shown below by default. Show all measurements Measurement Units Variable Altitude above mean sea level m alt Base time in Epoch seconds since 1970-1-1 0:00:00 0:00 base_time Best estimate Best measured hemispheric broadband irradiance from mfrsrC1 W/m^2 be_hemisp_broadband_mfrsr ( time )

39

ARM - VAP Product - mwrret1liljclou  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Productsmwrretmwrret1liljclou Productsmwrretmwrret1liljclou Documentation Data Management Facility Plots (Quick Looks) Citation DOI: 10.5439/1027369 [ What is this? ] Generate Citation ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send VAP Output : MWRRET1LILJCLOU Microwave Radiometer Retrievals (MWRRET) of Cloud Liquid Water and Precipitable Water Vapor Active Dates 1996.09.01 - 2014.01.05 Originating VAP Process MWR Retrievals : MWRRET Measurements Only measurements considered scientifically relevant are shown below by default. Show all measurements Measurement Units Variable altitude m alt Base time in Epoch seconds since 1970-1-1 0:00:00 0:00 base_time Liquid water path Liquid water path best-estimate value g/m^2 be_lwp ( time )

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ARM - VAP Product - mfrsraod1mich  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Productsaodmfrsraod1mich Productsaodmfrsraod1mich Documentation Technical Report Data Management Facility Plots (Quick Looks) Citation DOI: 10.5439/1027295 [ What is this? ] Generate Citation ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send VAP Output : MFRSRAOD1MICH MFRSR: derived total & aerosol optical depth from 1st Michalsky algorithm Active Dates 1997.02.08 - 2013.10.31 Originating VAP Process Aerosol Optical Depth : AOD Description These two images show data plots of cloud-screened AOD at the AMF site in China collected on a 20-second interval during daylight hours. These two days show drastically different aerosol optical depths. These two images show data plots of cloud-screened AOD at the AMF site in

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "merged sounding vap" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

ARM - VAP Product - pblhtsonde1mcfarl  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Productspblhtpblhtsonde1mcfarl Productspblhtpblhtsonde1mcfarl Documentation Data Management Facility Plots (Quick Looks) Citation DOI: 10.5439/1095386 [ What is this? ] Generate Citation ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send VAP Output : PBLHTSONDE1MCFARL Planetary Boundary Layer Height Value Added Product: Radiosonde Retrievals Active Dates 2001.04.01 - 2014.01.08 Originating VAP Process Planetary Boundary Layer Height : PBLHT Measurements Only measurements considered scientifically relevant are shown below by default. Show all measurements Measurement Units Variable Dry bulb ambient air temperature degC air_temp ( time ) Altitude above mean sea level m alt Atmospheric pressure hPa atm_pres ( time )

42

ARM - VAP Product - 10rlprofbe1turn  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

turn turn Documentation Data Management Facility Plots (Quick Looks) Citation DOI: 10.5439/1027251 [ What is this? ] Generate Citation ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Example 10rlprofbe1turn Data Plot Example 10rlprofbe1turn data plot VAP Output : 10RLPROFBE1TURN Raman LIDAR (RL): Best-estimate state of the atmos. profiles from RL & AERI+GOES retrievals Active Dates 1998.03.01 - 2004.01.06 Originating VAP Process Raman LIDAR Vertical Profiles : RLPROF Measurements The measurements below provided by this product are those considered scientifically relevant. Aerosol optical depth Aerosol scattering Backscatter depolarization ratio Backscattered radiation Cloud base height Liquid water content

43

ARM - VAP Product - pblhtsondeyr1mcfarl  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Productspblhtpblhtsondeyr1mcfarl Productspblhtpblhtsondeyr1mcfarl Documentation Data Management Facility Plots (Quick Looks) Citation DOI: 10.5439/1095387 [ What is this? ] Generate Citation ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send VAP Output : PBLHTSONDEYR1MCFARL Planetary Boundary Layer Height: Radiosonde Retrievals with yearly output Active Dates 2001.04.01 - 2012.12.31 Originating VAP Process Planetary Boundary Layer Height : PBLHT Measurements Only measurements considered scientifically relevant are shown below by default. Show all measurements Measurement Units Variable Altitude above mean sea level m alt ( time ) Base time in Epoch seconds since 1970-1-1 0:00:00 0:00 base_time Day unitless day ( time )

44

ARM - VAP Product - rlccnprof1ghan  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Productsccnprofrlccnprof1ghan Productsccnprofrlccnprof1ghan Documentation Data Management Facility Plots (Quick Looks) Citation DOI: 10.5439/1095389 [ What is this? ] Generate Citation ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send VAP Output : RLCCNPROF1GHAN CCN Profile using Ghan algorithm Active Dates 2006.09.15 - 2013.09.27 Originating VAP Process Cloud Condensation Nuclei Profile : CCNPROF Measurements Only measurements considered scientifically relevant are shown below by default. Show all measurements Measurement Units Variable AOS CCN sample supersaturation calculated by model % CCN_ss_calc ( time, ss_step ) Standard deviation of AOS CCN sample supersaturation calculated by model. % CCN_ss_calc_std_dev ( time, bins )

45

ARM - VAP Process - goes-uth  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Productsgoes-uth Productsgoes-uth Documentation & Plots goes-uth : XDC documentation Data Management Facility Plots (Quick Looks) ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send VAP : Upper Tropospheric Relative Humidity from GOES Satellite Data (GOES-UTH) Instrument Categories Satellite Observations Output Products goes12uth : GOES-12: upper tropospheric humidity goes12uthgrid : GOES-12: upper tropospheric humidity (0.5 degree grid) goes8uth : GOES-8: upper tropospheric humidity goes8uthgrid : GOES-8: upper tropospheric humidity (0.5 degree grid) goes9uth : Upper Tropospheric Relative Humidity (GOES-9) goes9uthgrid : (GOES-9) Upper Tropospheric Relative Humidity Gridded Primary Measurements The following measurements are those considered scientifically relevant.

46

PedMerge  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Summary:PedMerge allows users to accurately and efficiently merge separately ascertained pedigrees that belong to the same extended family. In addition to validation checks of pedigree structure, the software provides files in LINKAGE ...

Rosemarie Plaetke; Federico Balbi

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Cloud Interactions and Merging: Numerical Simulations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A total of 48 numerical experiments have been performed to study cloud interactions and merging by means of a two-dimensional multi-cell model. Two soundings of deep convection during GATE and two different magnitudes of large-scale lifting.have ...

Wei-Kuo Tao; Joanne Simpson

1984-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

k-way merge  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Author: PEB. Implementation. Jordan Zimmerman's k-way merge (Java). Go to the Dictionary of Algorithms and Data Structures home page. ...

2013-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

49

ARM - VAP Product - aeri01prof3feltz  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Productsaeriprofaeri01prof3feltz Productsaeriprofaeri01prof3feltz Documentation Data Management Facility Plots (Quick Looks) Citation DOI: 10.5439/1027271 [ What is this? ] Generate Citation ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send VAP Output : AERI01PROF3FELTZ Profiles of temperature and water vapor physically retrieved from the AERI spectra Active Dates 2002.04.18 - 2014.01.06 Originating VAP Process AERI Profiles of Water Vapor and Temperature : AERIPROF Description The primary purpose of the "aeriprof3feltz" value-added product (VAP) is to retrieve high temporal resolution temperature (T) and water vapor (q) profiles from Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI) observations. Traditionally, temperature and moisture profiles are measured

50

Status of the Broadband Heating Rate Profile (BBHRP) VAP  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Status of the Broadband Heating Rate Profile (BBHRP) VAP Status of the Broadband Heating Rate Profile (BBHRP) VAP Mlawer, Eli Atmospheric & Environmental Research, Inc. Clough, Shepard Atmospheric and Environmental Research Delamere, Jennifer Atmospheric and Environmental Research, Inc. Miller, Mark Brookhaven National Laboratory Johnson, Karen Brookhaven National Laboratory Troyan, David Brookhaven National Laboratory Jensen, Michael Brookhaven National Laboratory Shippert, Timothy Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Long, Chuck Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Flynn, Connor Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Sivaraman, Chitra Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Turner, David University of Wisconsin-Madison Heck, Patrick University of Wisconsin Rutan, David Analytical Services & Materials, Inc.

51

ARM Climate Research Facility  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Brookhaven National Laboratory Engineering Work Order-14216 has been approved to create a thermodynamic profile in the same manner as the Merged Sounding (MERGESONDE) VAP. The...

52

Modeling gap acceptance at freeway merges  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis develops a merging model that captures the gap acceptance behavior of drivers that merge from a ramp into a congested freeway. Merging can be classified into three types: normal, forced and cooperative lane ...

Lee, Gunwoo

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Endangered Sounds: a sound project  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Endangered Sounds is a project that focuses on the exploration of Sound Marks (trade-marked sounds). The initial stage of this project was funded by Arts Victoria, and comprised legal searches that resulted in the listings of Sound Marks registered ...

Garth Paine

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Merging taxonomies under RCC-5 algebraic articulations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Taxonomies are widely used to classify information, and multiple (possibly competing) taxonomies often exist for the same domain. Given a set of correspondences between two taxonomies, it is often necessary to "merge" the taxonomies, thereby creating ... Keywords: automated deduction (reasoning), merging, taxonomies

David Thau; Shawn Bowers; Bertram Ludäscher

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

ARM - Publications: Science Team Meeting Documents  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The MERGED_SOUNDING VAP: A Status Report and Description The MERGED_SOUNDING VAP: A Status Report and Description Miller, M.A.(a), Troyan, D.T.(a), and Mace, G.G.(b), Brookhaven National Laboratory (a), University of Utah (b) The Value-added Product (VAP) known as MERGED_SOUNDING has been deemed a very desirous component of ARMs suite of VAPs. To have a thermodynamics profile of the atmosphere at one-minute temporal intervals and uniform height levels available for ARM data users eliminates much redundancy and inconsistency as investigators will now have standard atmospheric profiles at their disposal. The values which constitute the thermodynamics profile include: Temperature, Relative Humidity, Vapor Pressure, Barometric Pressure, Wind Speed and Direction, and Dewpoint. The data integrated to form the MERGED_SOUNDING data stream comes from radiosonde launches, model

56

A Weighted Hybrid Fuzzy Result Merging Model for Metasearch  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Result merging of search engine results for metasearch is a well explored area. However most result merging models try to collate document rankings from the search engines whose results are being merged into a single ranking using some mathematical function. ...

Arijit De; Elizabeth D. Diaz

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

ECOR VAP Flux Corrections, Gap-filling, and Results David R. Cook, Meredith Franklin, Donna J. Holdridge  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ECOR VAP Flux Corrections, Gap-filling, and Results ECOR VAP Flux Corrections, Gap-filling, and Results David R. Cook, Meredith Franklin, Donna J. Holdridge Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL This work was supported by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Office of Biological and Environmental Research, Climate Change Research Division, under contract DE-AC02-06CH11357, as part of the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program. Argonne National Laboratory is managed by UChicago Argonne, LLC for the U.S. Department of Energy ABSTRACT An eddy correlation (ECOR) value-added product (VAP) has been developed that uses ECOR temperature, humidity, and wetness state (or default values of the same) to determine corrections to and gap-filling of the flux measurements. An outlier routine is used to remove obvious incorrect data before gap-filling is performed.

58

Optimally Merging Precipitation to Minimize Land Surface Modeling Errors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper introduces a new method to improve land surface model skill by merging different available precipitation datasets, given that an accurate land surface parameter ground truth is available. Precipitation datasets are merged with the ...

M. Tugrul Yilmaz; Paul Houser; Roshan Shrestha; Valentine G. Anantharaj

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Increasing Capacity of an Isolated Merge by Metering its On-Ramp  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Increasing Capacity of an Isolated Merge by Metering its On-and thereby increase merge capacity. Detailed observationscan favorably affect the capacity of an isolated merge. The

Cassidy, Michael J.; Rudjanakanoknad, Jittichai

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Oscillatory relaxation of a merging galaxy cluster  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Within the cosmic framework clusters of galaxies are relatively young objects. Many of them have recently experienced major mergers. Here we investigate an equal mass merging event at z = ~0.6 resulting in a dark matter haloe of ~2.2 times 10^{14} Msol/h at z=0. The merging process is covered by 270 outputs of a high resolution cosmological N-body simulation performed with the ART (adaptive refinement tree) code. Some 2 Gyrs elapse between the first peri-centre passage of the progenitor cores and their final coalescence. During that phase the cores experience six peri-centre passages with minimal distances declining from ~30 to ~2 kpc/h. The time intervals between the peri-centre passages continuously decrease from 9 to 1 times 10^8 yrs. We follow the mean density, the velocity dispersion and the entropy of the two progenitors within a set of fixed proper radii (25, 50, 100, 250, 500, 1000 kpc/h). During the peri-centre passages we find sharp peaks of the mean densities within these radii, which exceed the sum of the corresponding progenitor densities. In addition to the intermixing of the merging haloes, the densities increase due to contraction caused by the momentary deepening of the potential well. At the end of the oscillatory relaxation phase the material originating from the less concentrated of the two equal mass progenitors is deposited at larger radii and shows a slightly more radially anisotropic velocity dispersion compared to the material coming from the more concentrated progenitor. Every peri-centre passage is accompanied by a substantial drop of the central potential well. We briefly discuss the possibility that AGN outbursts are triggered by the periodically changing potential.

A. Faltenbacher; S. Gottloeber; W. G. Mathews

2006-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "merged sounding vap" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Modeling Flows Around Merging Black Hole Binaries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Coalescing massive black hole binaries are produced by the mergers of galaxies. The final stages of the black hole coalescence produce strong gravitational radiation that can be detected by the space-borne LISA. In cases where the black hole merger takes place in the presence of gas and magnetic fields, various types of electromagnetic signals may also be produced. Modeling such electromagnetic counterparts of the final merger requires evolving the behavior of both gas and fields in the strong-field regions around the black holes. We have taken a step towards solving this problem by mapping the flow of pressureless matter in the dynamic, 3-D general relativistic spacetime around the merging black holes. We find qualitative differences in collision and outflow speeds, including a signature of the merger when the net angular momentum of the matter is low, between the results from single and binary black holes, and between nonrotating and rotating holes in binaries. If future magnetohydrodynamic results confirm ...

van Meter, James R; Miller, M Coleman; Reynolds, Christopher S; Centrella, Joan M; Baker, John G; Boggs, William D; Kelly, Bernard J; McWilliams, Sean T

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Airspace: Antarctic Sound Transmission  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Antarctic Sound Transmission Andrea Polli Director,investigates how sound transmission can contribute to thePoles. How have such transmission-based projects developed

Polli, Andrea

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Image segmentation by iterated region merging with localized graph cuts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents an iterated region merging-based graph cuts algorithm which is a novel extension of the standard graph cuts algorithm. Graph cuts addresses segmentation in an optimization framework and finds a globally optimal solution to a wide ... Keywords: Graph cuts, Image segmentation, Region merging

Bo Peng; Lei Zhang; David Zhang; Jian Yang

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Modeling Flows Around Merging Black Hole Binaries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Coalescing massive black hole binaries are produced by the mergers of galaxies. The final stages of the black hole coalescence produce strong gravitational radiation that can be detected by the space-borne LISA. In cases where the black hole merger takes place in the presence of gas and magnetic fields, various types of electromagnetic signals may also be produced. Modeling such electromagnetic counterparts of the final merger requires evolving the behavior of both gas and fields in the strong-field regions around the black holes. We have taken a step towards solving this problem by mapping the flow of pressureless matter in the dynamic, 3-D general relativistic spacetime around the merging black holes. We find qualitative differences in collision and outflow speeds, including a signature of the merger when the net angular momentum of the matter is low, between the results from single and binary black holes, and between nonrotating and rotating holes in binaries. If future magnetohydrodynamic results confirm these differences, it may allow assessment of the properties of the binaries as well as yielding an identifiable electromagnetic counterpart to the attendant gravitational wave signal.

James R. van Meter; John H. Wise; M. Coleman Miller; Christopher S. Reynolds; Joan M. Centrella; John G. Baker; William D. Boggs; Bernard J. Kelly; Sean T. McWilliams

2009-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

65

SIMULATION BASED EVALUATION OF MERGE METERING CONCEPT FOR TRAFFIC CONTROL AT WORK ZONES.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The merge metering strategy controls the traffic entering a work zone section of a freeway through the use of metering signals at the merging area… (more)

PAVITHRAN, MANOJKUMAR

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

DOE Merges Traditional and Emerging Energy Technologies in New Geothermal  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Merges Traditional and Emerging Energy Technologies in New Merges Traditional and Emerging Energy Technologies in New Geothermal Research Initiative DOE Merges Traditional and Emerging Energy Technologies in New Geothermal Research Initiative October 2, 2009 - 1:00pm Addthis Washington, DC - A unique Department of Energy (DOE) collaboration aims to generate electricity from a geothermal source stemming from oilfield operations. DOE's Office of Fossil Energy (FE) and the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy's (EERE) Geothermal Technologies Program will merge and leverage research capabilities to demonstrate low temperature geothermal electric power generation systems using co-produced water from oilfield operations at FE's Rocky Mountain Oilfield Testing Center (RMOTC). EERE is providing funding for the purchase of a geothermal electricity

67

DOE Merges Traditional and Emerging Energy Technologies in New Geothermal  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Merges Traditional and Emerging Energy Technologies in New Merges Traditional and Emerging Energy Technologies in New Geothermal Research Initiative DOE Merges Traditional and Emerging Energy Technologies in New Geothermal Research Initiative October 2, 2009 - 1:00pm Addthis Washington, DC - A unique Department of Energy (DOE) collaboration aims to generate electricity from a geothermal source stemming from oilfield operations. DOE's Office of Fossil Energy (FE) and the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy's (EERE) Geothermal Technologies Program will merge and leverage research capabilities to demonstrate low temperature geothermal electric power generation systems using co-produced water from oilfield operations at FE's Rocky Mountain Oilfield Testing Center (RMOTC). EERE is providing funding for the purchase of a geothermal electricity

68

DOE/SC-ARM/P-07-005.1 ARM Value-Added Product (VAP) Monthly Status Report  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 1 ARM Value-Added Product (VAP) Monthly Status Report ARM Translator Team J. Comstock C. Flynn M. Jensen C. Long D. Turner S. Xie March 13, 2007 Work supported by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Office of Biological and Environmental Research DISCLAIMER This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by the U.S. Government. Neither the United States nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service

69

Price Sound Laboratory  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Price Sound Laboratory. NVLAP Lab Code: 200874-0. Address and Contact Information: 638 RALEIGH STREET WINNIPEG ...

2013-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

70

The Sound of Sonoluminescence  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider an air bubble in water under conditions of single bubble sonoluminescence (SBSL) and evaluate the emitted sound field nonperturbatively for subsonic gas-liquid interface motion. Sound emission being the dominant damping mechanism, we also implement the nonperturbative sound damping in the Rayleigh-Plesset equation for the interface motion. We evaluate numerically the sound pulse emitted during bubble collapse and compare the nonperturbative and perturbative results, showing that the usual perturbative description leads to an overestimate of the maximal surface velocity and maximal sound pressure. The radius vs. time relation for a full SBSL cycle remains deceptively unaffected.

H. -Th. Elze; T. Kodama; J. Rafelski

1997-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

71

Sound Oil Company  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Sound Oil Company Sound Oil Company file:///C|/Documents%20and%20Settings/blackard/Desktop/EIA/LEE0152.HTM[11/29/2012 2:30:44 PM] DECISION AND ORDER OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Application for Exception Name of Petitioner: Sound Oil Company Date of Filing: August 16, 1994 Case Number: LEE-0152 On August 16, 1994, Sound Oil Company (Sound) of Seattle Washington, filed an Application for Exception with the Office of Hearings and Appeals of the Department of Energy. In its Application, Sound requests that it be relieved of the requirement that it file the Energy Information Administration's (EIA) form entitled "Resellers'/Retailers' Monthly Petroleum Product Sales Report" (Form EIA-782B). As explained below, we have determined that the Application for Exception should be denied.

72

Sound | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sound Sound Jump to: navigation, search Improved engineering and appropriate use of setbacks near residents has largely eliminated the problem wind farms had with noise in the 1980s and 1990s. Aerodynamic noise has been reduced by advancing blade design and orienting blades upwind of the turbine tower. A small amount of noise is generated by the mechanical components of the turbine. Modern wind turbines are designed with noise reduction in mind. Sound power levels at the source of a wind turbine are in the range of 90-105 dB(A). Proper setback requirements reduce wind farm sound pressure to background-noise levels. For example, at a distance of 350 meters, the sound pressure level for a wind farm is typically less than 45 dB(A). Rural background sound pressure is typically around 30-45dB(A). Higher wind

73

Merging High Resolution Geophysical and Geochemical Surveys to Reduce  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Merging High Resolution Geophysical and Geochemical Surveys to Reduce Merging High Resolution Geophysical and Geochemical Surveys to Reduce Exploration Risk at Glass Buttes, Oregon Geothermal Project Jump to: navigation, search Last modified on July 22, 2011. Project Title Merging High Resolution Geophysical and Geochemical Surveys to Reduce Exploration Risk at Glass Buttes, Oregon Project Type / Topic 1 Recovery Act: Geothermal Technologies Program Project Type / Topic 2 Validation of Innovative Exploration Technologies Project Description This program will combine detailed gravity, high resolution aeromagnetic, and LIDAR data, all of which will be combined for structural modeling, with hyperspectral data, which will identify and map specific minerals and mineral assemblages that may point to upflow zones. The collection of these surveys and analyses of the merged data and model will be used to site deeper slim holes. Slim holes will be flow tested to determine whether or not Ormat can move forward with developing this resource. An innovative combination of geophysical and geochemical tools will significantly reduce risk in exploring this area, and the results will help to evaluate the value of these tools independently and in combination when exploring for blind resources where structure, permeability, and temperature are the most pressing questions. The slim holes will allow testing of models and validation of methods, and the surveys within the wellbores will be used to revise the models and site production wells if their drilling is warranted.

74

A merging clustering algorithm for mobile ad hoc networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Clustering is a widely used approach to ease implementation of various problems such as routing and resource management in mobile ad hoc networks (MANET)s. We propose a new fully distributed algorithm for clustering in MANETs that merges clusters to ...

Orhan Dagdeviren; Kayhan Erciyes; Deniz Cokuslu

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Formal Model Merging Applied to Class Diagram Integration  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The integration of software artifacts is present in many scenarios of the Software Engineering field: object-oriented modeling, relational databases, XML schemas, ontologies, aspect-oriented programming, etc. In Model Management, software artifacts are ... Keywords: Model Management, Model-Driven Engineering, QVT Relations, conflict resolution, model merging

Artur Boronat; José Á. Carsí; Isidro Ramos; Patricio Letelier

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Inclusive Cross Sections in ME+PS Merging  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We discuss an extension of matrix element plus parton shower merging at leading and next-to-leading order. The algorithm does preserve inclusive cross sections at the respective input order. This constraint avoids potentially large logarithmic contributions, which would require approximate (N)NLO contributions to cancel against.

Plätzer, Simon

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Inclusive Cross Sections in ME+PS Merging  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We discuss an extension of matrix element plus parton shower merging at leading and next-to-leading order. The algorithm does preserve inclusive cross sections at the respective input order. This constraint avoids potentially large logarithmic contributions, which would require approximate (N)NLO contributions to cancel against.

Simon Plätzer

2013-07-02T23:59:59.000Z

78

Intermittent magnetic reconnection in TS-3 merging experiment  

SciTech Connect

Ejection of current sheet with plasma mass causes impulsive and intermittent magnetic reconnection in the TS-3 spherical tokamak (ST) merging experiment. Under high guide toroidal field, the sheet resistivity is almost classical due to the sheet thickness much longer than the ion gyroradius. Large inflow flux and low current-sheet resistivity result in flux and plasma pileup followed by rapid growth of the current sheet. When the pileup exceeds a critical limit, the sheet is ejected mechanically from the squeezed X-point area. The reconnection (outflow) speed is slow during the flux/plasma pileup and is fast during the ejection, suggesting that intermittent reconnection similar to the solar flare increases the averaged reconnection speed. These transient effects enable the merging tokamaks to have the fast reconnection as well as the high-power reconnection heating, even when their current-sheet resistivity is low under high guide field.

Ono, Y.; Hayashi, Y.; Ii, T.; Tanabe, H.; Ito, S.; Kuwahata, A.; Ito, T.; Kamino, Y.; Yamada, T.; Inomoto, M. [Graduate School of Frontier Sciences, University of Tokyo, Tokyo (Japan); Collaboration: TS-Group

2011-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

79

UML's Package Extension Mechanism: Taking a Closer Look at Package Merge  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Since package merge was designed specically to be able to structure the UML metamodel, it is not clearUML's Package Extension Mechanism: Taking a Closer Look at Package Merge by Alanna Pauline Zito #12;Abstract The UML 2 specication introduced the notion of package merge as a means of den- ing

80

INTRACLUSTER MEDIUM OF THE MERGING CLUSTER A3395  

SciTech Connect

We present a detailed imaging and spectral analysis of the merging environment of the bimodal cluster A3395 using X-ray and radio observations. X-ray images of the cluster show five main constituents of diffuse emission: A3395 NE, A3395 SW, A3395 NW, A3395 W, and a filament connecting NE to W. X-ray surface brightness profiles of the cluster did not show any shock fronts in the cluster. Temperature and entropy maps show high-temperature and high-entropy regions in the W, the NW, the filament, and between the NE and SW subclusters. The NE, SW, and W components have X-ray bolometric luminosities similar to those of rich clusters of galaxies but have relatively higher temperatures. Similarly, the NW component has X-ray bolometric luminosity similar to that of isolated groups but with much higher temperature. It is, therefore, possible that all the components of the cluster have been heated by the ongoing mergers. The NE subcluster is the most massive and luminous constituent and other subclusters are found to be gravitationally bound to it. The W component is most probably either a clump of gas stripped off the SW due to ram pressure or a separate subcluster that has merged or is merging with the SW. No X-ray cavities are seen associated with the wide-angle-tailed (WAT) radio source near the center of the SW subcluster. Minimum energy pressure in the radio emission peaks of the WAT galaxy is comparable with the external thermal pressure. The radio spectrum of the WAT suggests a spectral age of {approx}10 Myr.

Lakhchaura, Kiran; Singh, K. P. [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, 1 Homi Bhabha Road, Mumbai 400005 (India); Saikia, D. J. [National Centre for Radio Astrophysics, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Pune University Campus, Pune 411007 (India); Hunstead, R. W., E-mail: kiran_astro@tifr.res.in [Sydney Institute for Astronomy, School of Physics, University of Sydney, NSW 2006 (Australia)

2011-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "merged sounding vap" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

ARM - VAP Process - mergesonde  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Productsmergesonde Documentation & Plots Technical Report Data Management Facility Plots (Quick Looks) ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you Send...

82

ARM - VAP Process - qmemwrcol  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Productsqmemwrcol Documentation & Plots Data Management Facility Plots (Quick Looks) ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you Send us a note below...

83

ARM - VAP Process - aerinf  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Data ARIES Observatory, Nainital, Uttarkhand, India PVC M1 Browse Data Highland Center, Cape Cod MA; AMF 1 Contact(s) Timothy Shippert Developer (509) 375-5997 timothy.shippert...

84

ARM - VAP Process - mplcmask  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

HFE M1 Browse Data Shouxian, Anhui, China PVC M1 Browse Data Highland Center, Cape Cod MA; AMF 1 Contact(s) Chitra Sivaraman Developer (509) 375-2436 chitra.sivaraman@pnnl.go...

85

ARM - VAP Process - wpdngps  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

formed in response to the need for improved moisture observations to support weather forecasting, climate monitoring, and research. The primary goals of the branch are to...

86

Sounding liquids: Automatic sound synthesis from fluid simulation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a novel approach for synthesizing liquid sounds directly from visual simulation of fluid dynamics. Our approach takes advantage of the fact that the sound generated by liquid is mainly due to the vibration of resonating bubbles in the medium ... Keywords: Sound simulation, liquids

William Moss; Hengchin Yeh; Jeong-Mo Hong; Ming C. Lin; Dinesh Manocha

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Collision Detection and Merging of Deformable B-Spline Surfaces in Virtual Reality Environment.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis presents a computational framework for representing, manipulating and merging rigid and deformable freeform objects in virtual reality (VR) environment. The core algorithms for… (more)

Pungotra, Harish

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Acoustics sound systems for baseball  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Acoustic considerations impact the design of sound systems for baseball stadiums in several important ways. Intrusion by the sound system into adjacent residential communities must often be minimized. Excess attenuation greatly increases the required high frequency component of acoustic power for sound travelling long distances

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

SAR Imagery Segmentation by Statistical Region Growing and Hierarchical Merging  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents an approach to accomplish synthetic aperture radar (SAR) image segmentation, which are corrupted by speckle noise. Some ordinary segmentation techniques may require speckle filtering previously. Our approach performs radar image segmentation using the original noisy pixels as input data, eliminating preprocessing steps, an advantage over most of the current methods. The algorithm comprises a statistical region growing procedure combined with hierarchical region merging to extract regions of interest from SAR images. The region growing step over-segments the input image to enable region aggregation by employing a combination of the Kolmogorov-Smirnov (KS) test with a hierarchical stepwise optimization (HSWO) algorithm for the process coordination. We have tested and assessed the proposed technique on artificially speckled image and real SAR data containing different types of targets.

Ushizima, Daniela Mayumi; Carvalho, E.A.; Medeiros, F.N.S.; Martins, C.I.O.; Marques, R.C.P.; Oliveira, I.N.S.

2010-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

90

Cleveland, Toledo utilities merge to aid N-projects  

SciTech Connect

A decision by the Cleveland Electric Illuminating Co. and Toledo Edison to merge was spurred by the need to strengthen their access to capital markets in order to complete several nuclear power plants now under construction and to possibly mitigate the impact of large rate increases on Ohio ratepayers. The two utilities will continue as local companies. If they obtain approval from the Securities and Exchange, the Ohio Public Utilities, and the Nuclear Regulatory Commissions for the $8 million affiliation, the new holding company will be among the 20 largest electric utilities in terms of the market value of its common stock. Some industry observers see this as a harbinger of more utility mergers. 1 figure.

Utroska, D.

1985-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Last Revision Date: 8/16/2010 Last Merged Filing ID:  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Revision Date: 8/16/2010 Last Merged Filing ID: Revision Date: 8/16/2010 Last Merged Filing ID: Tariffs, Rate Schedules, and Other Tariff Documents Southwestern Power Administration Tariffs, Rate Schedules, and Other Tariff Documents Document Generated On: 10/1/2010 Contents TABLE OF CONTENTS ....................................................................................................................................1 PREAMBLE: AUTHORITIES AND OBLIGATIONS .............................................................................................1

92

Schlumberger soundings, audio-magnetotelluric soundings and telluric  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

soundings, audio-magnetotelluric soundings and telluric soundings, audio-magnetotelluric soundings and telluric mapping in and around the Coso Range, California Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Report: Schlumberger soundings, audio-magnetotelluric soundings and telluric mapping in and around the Coso Range, California Details Activities (4) Areas (2) Regions (0) Abstract: Results of geophysical surveys in and around the Coso Range, and in particular in the area surrounding Coso Hot Springs are reported. Electrical properties of rocks associated with thermal phenomena of the Devil's Kitchen-Coso Hot Springs area in the Coso rhyolite dome field and the large arcuate fracture system previously postulated to represent a stage of incipient caldera formation were studied. Six individual plates

93

The merging cluster of galaxies Abell 3376: an optical view  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abell 3376 is a merging cluster of galaxies at redshift z=0.046, famous mostly for its giant radio arcs, and shows an elongated and highly substructured X-ray emission, but has not been analysed in detail at optical wavelengths. We have obtained wide field images of Abell 3376 in the B band and derive the GLF applying a statistical subtraction of the background in three regions: a circle of 0.29 deg radius (1.5 Mpc) encompassing the whole cluster, and two circles centered on each of the two brightest galaxies (BCG2, northeast, coinciding with the peak of X-ray emission, and BCG1, southwest) of radii 0.15 deg (0.775 Mpc). We also compute the GLF in the zone around BCG1, which is covered by the WINGS survey in the B and V bands, by selecting cluster members in the red sequence in a (B-V) versus V diagram. Finally, we discuss the dynamical characteristics of the cluster implied by a Serna & Gerbal analysis. The GLFs are not well fit by a single Schechter function, but satisfactory fits are obtained by summin...

Durret, Florence; Neto, Gastao B Lima; Adami, Christophe; Bertin, Emmanuel; Bagchi, Joydeep

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Early Formation and Late Merging of the Giant Galaxies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The most luminous galaxies in the present Universe are found at the centers of the most massive dark matter haloes, rich galaxy clusters. In the LCDM cosmology, such massive halo cores are present at redshift z=6 with a comoving number density (as a function of mass interior to ~10 kpc) that is comparable to today's value. The identity of the matter in these central regions is, however, predicted to change as major mergers bring together stars and dark matter from initially well separated sub-units. We use N-body simulations to investigate how these mergers push pre-existing matter outwards in the dominant galaxy while preserving the inner density profile of collisionless matter. It appears that the central regions of large galaxies end up dominated by stars formed in a number of dense cores, well before the last major mergers. The density profile of collisionless matter (stars and dark matter combined) in these central regions appears to be stable and to have attractor-like behavior under merging. This suggests that the baryon loading associated with dissipative contraction and star formation may be erased as subsequent mergers drive the mass distribution back to a universal profile. Such suppression of the effects of baryon loading, along with the early assembly of mass concentrations, may help resolve some apparent challenges to the CDM model for structure formation.

Liang Gao; Abraham Loeb; P. J. E. Peebles; Simon D. M. White; Adrian Jenkins

2003-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

95

Sight and Sound - Scenario  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Scenario Scenario Summary Student Pages Internet Links Index Introduction Development/Rationale for the Year-End Project Teacher Preparation for the Year-End Project The Sight and Sound Project - an Anecdotal Account Introduction to and Selection of Year-End Projects Conducting the Literature Search Project Proposal Conducting the Experiments Wrapping up with the Reports and Presentations Introduction: Mr. Tom Henderson is part of a talented science staff at Glenbrook South High School. Glenbrook South High School (GBS) is set in an educationally supportive and affluent community. The physics staff work in teams teaching physics to over 80 percent of the student population and are constantly looking for ways to use technology to empower students with the ability to apply learned concepts of physics to their lives. With this goal in mind,

96

Sight and Sound - Student Page  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Information Sheet Information Sheet Project: Your project involves a study of the physics involved in the production of sound and the detection of light and sound by animal species. Technical information about the ability of animals to produce sound and their ability to perceive the world through sight and hearing will be collected by means of background readings. The behavior of light and sound waves will be experimentally analyzed using computer-interfaced light and sound probes (or a computer-interfaced motion detector for ultrasound studies) and the results will be extended to the sensory ability of various animal species. By the end of this project, you should be able to: discuss with both words and diagrams the nature (description, category, physical means of creation and propagation, etc.) and

97

Spontaneous Generation of Inertia–Gravity Waves during the Merging of Two Baroclinic Anticyclones  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The spontaneous generation and propagation of short-scale inertia–gravity waves (IGWs) during the merging of two initially balanced (void of IGWs) baroclinic anticyclones is numerically investigated. The IGW generation is analyzed in flows with ...

Enric Pallàs-Sanz; Álvaro Viúdez

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Improvements to NOAA’s Historical Merged Land–Ocean Surface Temperature Analysis (1880–2006)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Observations of sea surface and land–near-surface merged temperature anomalies are used to monitor climate variations and to evaluate climate simulations; therefore, it is important to make analyses of these data as accurate as possible. Analysis ...

Thomas M. Smith; Richard W. Reynolds; Thomas C. Peterson; Jay Lawrimore

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

"Study of Traffic at a Freeway Merge and Roles for Ramp Metering"  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Roles for Ramp Metering Michael J. Cassidy JittichaiMerge and Roles for Ramp Metering By Michael J. Cassidy andbe realized by carefully metering the on-ramp to limit the

Cassidy, Michael J.; Rudjanakanoknad, Jittichai

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Merging Seasonal Rainfall Forecasts from Multiple Statistical Models through Bayesian Model Averaging  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Merging forecasts from multiple models has the potential to combine the strengths of individual models and to better represent forecast uncertainty than the use of a single model. This study develops a Bayesian model averaging (BMA) method for ...

Q. J. Wang; Andrew Schepen; David E. Robertson

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "merged sounding vap" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Definition: Electromagnetic Sounding Techniques | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sounding Techniques Electromagnetic soundings aim to map the distribution of electrical resistivity as a function of depth.1 References http:www.amazon.com...

102

Sound Geothermal Corporation | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Corporation Jump to: navigation, search Name Sound Geothermal Corporation Place Sandy, Utah Zip 84094 Sector Geothermal energy Product Sound Geothermal coporation helps...

103

Sound energy loss during sonolysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper gives an analysis of sound energy losses due to sonolysis — dissociation of the part of water molecules to radicals H? and ?OH. The value of the energy loss can be evaluated by using the concentration of hydrogen peroxide which appears in the water as a result of cross?recombination of radicals ?OH+?OH=H2O2. Data previously obtained by different authors were used for the present analysis. Data for fresh water and also for water with dissolved gases were considered. Data covered a sound frequency range from 1.5 kHz to 2 MHz and sound pressure amplitudes 0.6–2.5 atm for normal static pressure and a water temperature of 20?°C. It is shown that the rate of increasing hydrogen peroxide concentration is proportional to the intensity of sound. The rate is also propor? tional to the concentration of dissolved oxygen and argon in water while other gases (hydrogen

Dmitry A. Selivanovsky; Grigory A. Domrachev

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

A Fuzzy Search Engine Weighted Approach to Result Merging for Metasearch  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Each search engine queried by a metasearch engine returns results in the form of a result list of documents. The key issue is to combine these lists to achieve the best performance. The salient contribution of this paper is a result merging model that ... Keywords: Data Fusion, IGOWA, Metasearch engines, Metasearching, OWA

Arijit De; Elizabeth D. Diaz; Vijay Raghavan

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

On adaptively learning HMM-based classifiers using split-merge operations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In designing classifiers for automatic speech recognitions, one of the problems the user faces is to cope with an unwanted variability in the environment such as changes in the speaker or the acoustics. To overcome this problem, various adaptation schemes ... Keywords: Baum-Welch (BW) algorithm, automatic speech recognitions (ASR), hidden Markov models (HMM), splitting - merging techniques

Sang-Woon Kim; Soo-Hwan Oh

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

PP-6 Puget Sound Power & Light Company | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Puget Sound Power & Light Company PP-6 Puget Sound Power & Light Company Presidential permit authorizing Puget Sound Power & Light Company to construct, operate, and maintain...

107

Sound Propagation in the Nocturnal Boundary Layer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An experimental study of sound propagation near the ground in stable, nighttime conditions was performed in conjunction with the Cooperative Atmosphere–Surface Exchange Study-1999 (CASES-99). Low-frequency sound transmissions were continuously ...

D. Keith Wilson; John M. Noble; Mark A. Coleman

2003-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Sonic facade, creating a sounding architecture  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

While architecture inherently makes sound when people and the environment interact with it, architects seldom orchestrate a building to produce sound. This thesis proposes a sonic facade that turns an existing building ...

Granville, Alina (Alina T.)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Designing sound for a pervasive mobile game  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We examine the role of sound design in pervasive mobile games. As a case study, we present the sound design and evaluation of a working prototype game called The Songs of North. A play-test with 19 players was conducted over a two-week period. ... Keywords: computer games, mobile applications, sound design

Inger Ekman; Laura Ermi; Jussi Lahti; Jani Nummela; Petri Lankoski; Frans Mäyrä

2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

A dynamic fuzzy neural filter for separation of discontinuous adventitious sounds from vesicular sounds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a recurrent filter that performs real-time separation of discontinuous adventitious sounds from vesicular sounds. The filter uses two Dynamic Fuzzy Neural Networks, operating in parallel, to perform the task of separation of the lung ... Keywords: Pathological discontinuous adventitious sounds, Real-time separation, Recurrent fuzzy-neural modelling, Vesicular sounds

Paris A. Mastorocostas; John B. Theocharis

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Dr. Paul Merges Director, Bureau of Radiation New York State Department of Environmental  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

551 551 - g 7 s % @ { i::- g i- ' \?*r&.,' *~ -,_ .- ..- Dr. Paul Merges Director, Bureau of Radiation New York State Department of Environmental Conservation 50 Wolfe Road Albany, NY 12233-7255 Dear Dr. Merges: ..- .- I.- _- .- Department of Energy Osk Ridge Opermlonm P.O. 80x 2001 Oak Ridge. Tmnessee 37831- 8723 September 24. 1990 DESIGNATION OF THE FORNER RAKER AND YILLIANS WAREHOUSES INTO DOE'S FORRERLY UTILIZED SITES REMEDIAL ACTION PROGRAM The purpose of this letter is to inform you that on August 9, 1990, the site of the former Baker and Williams warehouses, currently owned by Ralph Ferrara. Inc., located on West 20th Street in New York City, was designated into the Department of Energy's (DOE) Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program

112

Spawning and merging of Fourier modes and phase coupling in cosmological density bispectrum  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the standard picture of cosmological structure formation, initially random-phase fluctuations are amplified by non-linear gravitational instability to produce a final distribution of mass which is highly non-Gaussian and has highly-coupled Fourier phases. We use the Zel'dovich approximation in one dimension to elucidate the onset of non-linearity including mode spawning, merging and coupling. We show that as gravitational clustering proceeds, Fourier modes are spawned from parent ones, with their phases following a harmonic relationship with the wavenumbers. Spawned modes could also merge leading to modulation of the amplitudes and phases which consequently breaks such harmonic relation. We also use simple toy models to demonstrate that bispectrum, Fourier transform of connected three-point correlation functions, measures phase coupling at most at the second-order only when the special wavenumber-phase harmonic relation holds. Phase information is therefore partly registered in bispectrum and it takes a co...

Chiang, L Y

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

ElectroChemical Arsenic Removal (ECAR) for Rural Bangladesh-Merging  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ElectroChemical Arsenic Removal (ECAR) for Rural Bangladesh-Merging ElectroChemical Arsenic Removal (ECAR) for Rural Bangladesh-Merging Technology with Sustainable Implementation Title ElectroChemical Arsenic Removal (ECAR) for Rural Bangladesh-Merging Technology with Sustainable Implementation Publication Type Report Year of Publication 2009 Authors Addy, Susan E., Ashok J. Gadgil, Kristin Kowolik, and Robert Kostecki Publisher Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory City Berkeley Abstract Today, 35-77 million Bangladeshis drink arsenic-contaminated groundwater from shallow tube wells. Arsenic remediation efforts have focused on the development and dissemination of household filters that frequently fall into disuse due to the amount of attention and maintenance that they require. A community scale clean water center has many advantages over household filters and allows for both chemical and electricity-based technologies to be beneficial to rural areas. Full cost recovery would enable the treatment center to be sustainable over time. ElectroChemical Arsenic Remediation (ECAR) is compatible with community scale water treatment for rural Bangladesh. We demonstrate the ability of ECAR to reduce arsenic levels > 500 ppb to less than 10 ppb in synthetic and real Bangladesh groundwater samples and examine the influence of several operating parameters on arsenic removal effectiveness. Operating cost and waste estimates are provided. Policy implication recommendations that encourage sustainable community treatment centers are discussed.

114

A linear merging methodology for high-resolution precipitation products using spatiotemporal regression  

SciTech Connect

Currently, the only viable option for a global precipitation product is the merger of several precipitation products from different modalities. In this article, we develop a linear merging methodology based on spatiotemporal regression. Four highresolution precipitation products (HRPPs), obtained through methods including the Climate Prediction Center's Morphing (CMORPH), Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite-Based Auto-Estimator (GOES-AE), GOES-Based Hydro-Estimator (GOES-HE) and Self-Calibrating Multivariate Precipitation Retrieval (SCAMPR) algorithms, are used in this study. The merged data are evaluated against the Arkansas Red Basin River Forecast Center's (ABRFC's) ground-based rainfall product. The evaluation is performed using the Heidke skill score (HSS) for four seasons, from summer 2007 to spring 2008, and for two different rainfall detection thresholds. It is shown that the merged data outperform all the other products in seven out of eight cases. A key innovation of this machine learning method is that only 6% of the validation data are used for the initial training. The sensitivity of the algorithm to location, distribution of training data, selection of input data sets and seasons is also analysed and presented.

Turlapaty, Anish C. [Mississippi State University (MSU); Younan, Nicolas H. [Mississippi State University (MSU); Anantharaj, Valentine G [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Short Gamma-Ray Bursts and Gravitational Waves from Dynamically Formed Merging Binaries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Merging binary systems consisting of two collapsed objects are among the most promising sources of high frequency gravitational wave, GW, signals for ground based interferometers. Double neutron star or black hole/neutron star mergers are also believed to give rise to short hard bursts, SHBs, a subclass of gamma ray bursts. SHBs might thus provide a powerful way to infer the merger rate of two-collapsed object binaries. Under the hypothesis that most SHBs originate from double neutron star or black hole/neutron star mergers, we outline here a method to estimate the incidence of merging events from dynamically formed binaries in globular clusters and infer the corresponding GW event rate that can be detected with Advanced LIGO/Virgo. In particular a sizeable fraction of detectable GW events is expected to be coincident with SHBs. The beaming and redshift distribution of SHBs are reassessed and their luminosity function constrained by using the results from recent SHBs observations. We confirm that a substantial fraction of SHBs goes off at low redshifts, where the merging of systems formed in globular clusters through dynamical interactions is expected.

Dafne Guetta; Luigi Stella

2008-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

116

Definition: Vertical Electrical Sounding Configurations | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sounding Configurations Sounding Configurations Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Vertical Electrical Sounding Configurations A vertical electrical sounding (VES) is a DC resistivity survey which provides information regarding the change in apparent resistivity with depth. A quantitative interpretation of the results from VES measurements enable determination of the parameters for the geoelectric section.[1] Also Known As VES; Schlumberger Sounding References ↑ http://www.nga.com/Flyers_PDF/NGA_DC_Resistivity.pdf http://www.amazon.com/Principles-Electric-Borehole-Geophysics-Geochemistry/dp/0444529942 Ret LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. rieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Vertical_Electrical_Sounding_Configurations&oldid=596183

117

Development and Analysis of the Systematically Merged Atlantic Regional Temperature and Salinity Climatology For Oceanic Heat Content Estimates  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An oceanic climatology to calculate upper ocean thermal structure was developed for application year-round in the North Atlantic Ocean basin. The Systematically Merged Atlantic Regional Temperature and Salinity (SMARTS) Climatology is used in a ...

P. C. Meyers; L. K. Shay; J. K. Brewster

118

A Cloud-Resolving Simulation Study on the Merging Processes and Effects of Topography and Environmental Winds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The cloud-resolving fifth-generation Pennsylvania State University–National Center for Atmospheric Research Mesoscale Model (MM5) was used to study the cloud interactions and merging processes in the real case that generated a mesoscale convective ...

Danhong Fu; Xueliang Guo

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Genesis of Tropical Storm Eugene (2005) from Merging Vortices Associated with ITCZ Breakdowns. Part I: Observational and Modeling Analyses  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Although tropical cyclogenesis occurs over all tropical warm ocean basins, the eastern Pacific appears to have the highest frequency of tropical cyclogenesis events per unit area. In this study, tropical cyclogenesis from merging mesoscale ...

Chanh Q. Kieu; Da-Lin Zhang

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Genesis of Tropical Storm Eugene (2005) from Merging Vortices Associated with ITCZ Breakdowns. Part III: Sensitivity to Various Genesis Parameters  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this study, a series of sensitivity simulations is performed to examine the processes leading to the genesis of Tropical Storm Eugene (2005) from merging vortices associated with the breakdowns of the intertropical convergence zone (ITCZ) over ...

Chanh Q. Kieu; Da-Lin Zhang

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "merged sounding vap" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Electromagnetic Sounding Techniques | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Electromagnetic Sounding Techniques Electromagnetic Sounding Techniques (Redirected from Electromagnetic Sounding Methods) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Technique: Electromagnetic Sounding Techniques Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) NEPA(0) Exploration Technique Information Exploration Group: Geophysical Techniques Exploration Sub Group: Electrical Techniques Parent Exploration Technique: Ground Electromagnetic Techniques Information Provided by Technique Lithology: Rock composition, mineral and clay content Stratigraphic/Structural: Detection of permeable pathways, fracture zones, faults Hydrological: Resistivity influenced by porosity, grain size distribution, permeability, fluid saturation, fluid type and phase state of the pore water

122

Balloon-Borne Sounding System (SONDE) Handbook  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The balloon-borne sounding system (SONDE) provides in situ measurements (vertical profiles) of both the thermodynamic state of the atmosphere and the wind speed and direction.

Holdridge, D; Ritsche, M; Prell, J; Coulter, R

2011-02-08T23:59:59.000Z

123

Structured Menu Presentation Using Spatial Sound Separation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes a technique to support user interaction in a hierarchical menu, based on spatial sound separation. A complex menu structure is represented in space using a limited number of sound positions obtained by stereo panning or 3-D audio ...

Gaëtan Lorho; Jarmo Hiipakka; Juha Marila

2002-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Sound Art (?) on/in Film  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The use of sound for representation and narrative may go beyond what we might conventionally term musical. Film has gradually brought into focus the practice of sound art as something distinct from music yet existing at the end of a unified continuum ...

Julio D’escriván

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Spawning and merging of Fourier modes and phase coupling in cosmological density bispectrum  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the standard picture of cosmological structure formation, initially random-phase fluctuations are amplified by non-linear gravitational instability to produce a final distribution of mass which is highly non-Gaussian and has highly-coupled Fourier phases. We use the Zel'dovich approximation in one dimension to elucidate the onset of non-linearity including mode spawning, merging and coupling. We show that as gravitational clustering proceeds, Fourier modes are spawned from parent ones, with their phases following a harmonic relationship with the wavenumbers. Spawned modes could also merge leading to modulation of the amplitudes and phases which consequently breaks such harmonic relation. We also use simple toy models to demonstrate that bispectrum, Fourier transform of connected three-point correlation functions, measures phase coupling at most at the second-order only when the special wavenumber-phase harmonic relation holds. Phase information is therefore partly registered in bispectrum and it takes a complete hierarchy of polyspectra to fully characterize gravitational non-linearity.

Lung-Yih Chiang

2003-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

126

Rigid-body fracture sound with precomputed soundbanks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We propose a physically based algorithm for synthesizing sounds synchronized with brittle fracture animations. Motivated by laboratory experiments, we approximate brittle fracture sounds using time-varying rigid-body sound models. We extend methods for ...

Changxi Zheng; Doug L. James

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Category:Electromagnetic Sounding Techniques | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Electromagnetic Sounding Techniques Electromagnetic Sounding Techniques Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Geothermalpower.jpg Looking for the Electromagnetic Sounding Techniques page? For detailed information on Electromagnetic Sounding Techniques, click here. Category:Electromagnetic Sounding Techniques Add.png Add a new Electromagnetic Sounding Techniques Technique Subcategories This category has only the following subcategory. M [×] Magnetotelluric Techniques‎ 1 pages Pages in category "Electromagnetic Sounding Techniques" The following 2 pages are in this category, out of 2 total. M Magnetotelluric Techniques T Time-Domain Electromagnetics Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Category:Electromagnetic_Sounding_Techniques&oldid=689837"

128

Schlumberger soundings in the Upper Raft River and Raft River...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

soundings in the Upper Raft River and Raft River Valleys, Idaho and Utah Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Report: Schlumberger soundings in the Upper...

129

Radiation of sound from surfaces at grazing angles of incidence.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??It is difficult to predict the sound radiation from large factory roofs. The existing infinite panel theories of sound insulation are not sufficient when the… (more)

Pavasovic, V

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Vertical Electrical Sounding Configurations | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Vertical Electrical Sounding Configurations Vertical Electrical Sounding Configurations Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Technique: Vertical Electrical Sounding Configurations Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) NEPA(0) Exploration Technique Information Exploration Group: Geophysical Techniques Exploration Sub Group: Electrical Techniques Parent Exploration Technique: Direct-Current Resistivity Survey Information Provided by Technique Lithology: Rock composition, mineral and clay content Stratigraphic/Structural: Detection of permeable pathways, fracture zones, faults Hydrological: Resistivity influenced by porosity, grain size distribution, permeability, fluid saturation, fluid type and phase state of the pore water Thermal: Resistivity influenced by temperature

131

Electromagnetic Sounding Techniques | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Electromagnetic Sounding Techniques Electromagnetic Sounding Techniques Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Technique: Electromagnetic Sounding Techniques Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) NEPA(0) Exploration Technique Information Exploration Group: Geophysical Techniques Exploration Sub Group: Electrical Techniques Parent Exploration Technique: Ground Electromagnetic Techniques Information Provided by Technique Lithology: Rock composition, mineral and clay content Stratigraphic/Structural: Detection of permeable pathways, fracture zones, faults Hydrological: Resistivity influenced by porosity, grain size distribution, permeability, fluid saturation, fluid type and phase state of the pore water Thermal: Resistivity influenced by temperature

132

Errors in Radio Acoustic Sounding of Temperature  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

With the use of simultaneous correction for radial wind, the accuracy of radio acoustic sounding systems for the measurement of temperature has been substantially improved. The temperature accuracy can now be affected by a number of factors that ...

Wayne M. Angevine; W. L. Ecklund

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Sound art: Origins, development and ambiguities  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This article provides an overview of sound art, encompassing its history and artistic development, and the complexities of the term’s use as a categorisation. It starts with various definitions employed and the ways that recent museum exhibitions ...

Alan Licht

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Snowstorms over the Puget Sound Lowlands  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Snowfall over the Puget Sound lowlands is the product of complex interactions between the synoptic-scale flow and the mesoscale topography of the region. Although heavy snowfall is relatively infrequent in this region, when it does occur it ...

Garth K. Ferber; Clifford F. Mass; Gary M. Lackmann; Michael W. Patnoe

1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Querying partially sound and complete data sources  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

When gathering data from multiple data sources, users need uniform, transparent access to data. Also, when extracting data from several independent, often only partially sound and complete data sources, it is useful to present users with meta-information ...

Alberto O. Mendelzon; George A. Mihaila

2001-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Use of off-axis injection as an alternative to geometrically merging beams in an energy-recovering linac  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method of using off-axis particle beam injection in energy-recovering linear accelerators that increases operational efficiency while eliminating the need to merge the high energy re-circulating beam with an injected low energy beam. In this arrangement, the high energy re-circulating beam and the low energy beam are manipulated such that they are within a predetermined distance from one another and then the two immerged beams are injected into the linac and propagated through the system. The configuration permits injection without geometric beam merging as well as decelerated beam extraction without the use of typical beamline elements.

Douglas, David R. (York County, VA)

2012-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

137

Cutting sound enhancement system for mining machines  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A cutting sound enhancement system (10) for transmitting an audible signal from the cutting head (101) of a piece of mine machinery (100) to an operator at a remote station (200), wherein, the operator using a headphone unit (14) can monitor the difference in sounds being made solely by the cutting head (101) to determine the location of the roof, floor, and walls of a coal seam (50).

Leigh, Michael C. (Coal Center, PA); Kwitowski, August J. (Clairton, PA)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Derivation of a merging condition for two interacting streamers in air  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The simulation of the interaction of two simultaneously propagating air streamers of the same polarity is presented. A parametric study has been carried out using an accurate numerical method which ensures a time-space error control of the solution. For initial separation of both streamers smaller or comparable to the longest characteristic absorption length of photoionization in air, we have found that the streamers tend to merge at the moment when the ratio between their characteristic width and their mutual distance reaches a value of about 0.35 for positive streamers, and 0.4 for negative ones. Moreover it is demonstrated that these ratios are practically independent of the applied electric field, the initial seed configuration, and the pressure.

Bonaventura, Zdenek; Bourdon, Anne; Massot, Marc

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Sound insulation of pipe lagging. An experimental study with airborne sound excitation  

SciTech Connect

Steam pipes in the Swedish power industry are commonly heat insulated with 100 to 200 mm wire net reinforced mineral wool (RW441) plus an outer cover of 0.7 mm aluminium. The aim of the project has been to determine whether thicker heat insulations also increase the sound insulation as theory predicts; whether a two step cover will improve the sound insulation, what supports between the pipe and the outer cover do for the sound insulation; and how sprayed materials like the Cafco behave in comparison and connection with traditional sound insulating materials like mineral wool.

Westerberg, G.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

A recurrent fuzzy filter for the analysis of lung sounds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a recurrent fuzzy-neural filter for real-time separation of discontinuous adventitious sounds from vesicular sounds. The filter uses two dynamic neuron-based fuzzy neural networks to perform the task of separation. The networks are ... Keywords: Discontinuous adventitious sounds, Dynamic neurons, Orthogonal least squares, Recurrent fuzzy-neural modeling, TSK fuzzy rules, Vesicular sounds

Paris A. Mastorocostas

2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "merged sounding vap" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Improved space carving method for merging and interpolating multiple range images using information of light sources of active stereo  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To merge multiple range data obtained by range scanners, filling holes caused by unmeasured regions, the space carving method is a simple and effective method. However, this method often fails if the number of the input range images is small, because ...

Ryo Furukawa; Tomoya Itano; Akihiko Morisaka; Hiroshi Kawasaki

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

CAMS–OPI: A Global Satellite–Rain Gauge Merged Product for Real-Time Precipitation Monitoring Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A method has been developed to produce real-time rain gauge–satellite merged analyses of global monthly precipitation. A dataset of these analyses spans the period from January 1979 to the present, which is sufficiently long to allow the ...

John E. Janowiak; Pingping Xie

1999-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Sound-colour synaesthesia, chromatic representation of sounds waves in Java applets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The paper herein presents a way in which sound waves are chromatically represented in Java language. It intends to be, as its' title reveals, an instructional material providing help in developing interactive tools for efficient education in sciences, ... Keywords: RGB light, education, java applets, music, sounds waves

Stela Dragulin; Livia Sangeorzan; Mircea Parpalea

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors 160 (2007) 5159 Making sound inferences from geomagnetic sounding  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

geomagnetic sounding Ashley E. Medin, Robert L. Parker, Steven Constable Green Institute of Geophysics, allowing us to further narrow the bounds. We draw conclusions from a global geomagnetic depth sounding data discontinuity. Published by Elsevier B.V. Keywords: Geophysical inverse theory; Geomagnetic induction

Constable, Steve

145

Puget Sound Energy Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Puget Sound Energy Inc Puget Sound Energy Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name Puget Sound Energy Inc Place Washington Utility Id 15500 Utility Location Yes Ownership I NERC Location WECC NERC WECC Yes Operates Generating Plant Yes Activity Generation Yes Activity Transmission Yes Activity Buying Transmission Yes Activity Distribution Yes Activity Retail Marketing Yes Alt Fuel Vehicle Yes Alt Fuel Vehicle2 Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] Energy Information Administration Form 826[2] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png 24 (General Service One Phase) Commercial 24 (General Service Three Phase) Commercial

146

Interpretation of the Tadpole VV29 Merging Galaxy System using Hydro-Gravitational Theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hubble Space Telescope (HST/ACS) images of the galaxy merger Tadpole are interpreted using the hydro-gravitational theory of Gibson 1996-2000 (HGT) that predicts galaxy masses within about 100 kpc are dominated by dark halos of planetary mass primordial-fog-particles (PFPs) in dark proto-globular-star-clusters (PGCs). According to our interpretation, stars and young-globular-clusters (YGCs) appear out of the dark as merging galaxy components VV29cdef move through the baryonic-dark-matter halo of the larger galaxy VV29a creating luminous star-wakes. Frozen PFP planets are evaporated by radiation and tidal forces of the intruders. Friction from the gas accelerates an accretional cascade of PFPs to form larger planets, stars and YGCs of the filamentary galaxy VV29b. Star-wakes show that galaxy VV29c, identified as a blue dwarf by radio telescope observations of gas density and velocity (Briggs et al. 2001), with companions VV29def entered the dark halo of the larger VV29a galaxy at a radius 130 kpc and then spiraled in on different tracks toward frictional capture by the VV29a core. A previously dark dwarf galaxy is identified from a Keck spectrographic study showing a VV29c star-wake dense cluster of YGCs aligned to 1 degree in a close straight row (Tran et al. 2003).

Carl H. Gibson; Rudolph E. Schild

2002-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

147

WHITE LIGHT AND IN SITU COMPARISON OF A FORMING MERGED INTERACTION REGION  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The images taken by the Heliospheric Imager (HI) instruments, part of the SECCHI imaging package on board the pair of STEREO spacecraft, provide information on the radial and latitudinal evolution of the plasma transported by coronal mass ejections (CMEs). In this case study, a CME, appearing near 15 UT on 2007 November 15 in SECCHI coronagraph images, leads to the formation of two out-flowing density structures (DSs) in the heliosphere. The analysis of time-elongation maps constructed from images obtained by the HI instruments shows that these DSs were propagating along the Sun-Earth line. A direct comparison of HI images and in situ measurements taken near Earth could therefore be performed. These two DSs are separated by a cavity associated with little brightness variation or equivalently little electron density variation. In situ measurements made in the solar wind near Earth on 2007 November 20 show that this cavity corresponds to a magnetic cloud (MC). While the leading DS is related to the sheath in front of the MC, the second DS is located on the sunward side of the MC where high-speed solar wind from a coronal hole catches up and interacts with the MC. We conclude that HI observes the sub-structures of a merged interaction region (MIR), a region of the interplanetary medium where the total solar wind pressure is greatly enhanced by the interaction of an MC with the ambient solar wind. This MIR caused the largest geomagnetic storm in 2007.

Rouillard, A. P.; Lavraud, B.; Jacquey, C. [Centre d'Etude Spatiale des Rayonnements, Universite de Toulouse, 21028, Toulouse (France); Sheeley, N. R. [Space Science Division, Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, DC 20375-5352 (United States); Davies, J. A. [Space Science and Technology Department, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Chilton, OX11 0QX (United Kingdom); Burlaga, L. F. [Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States); Savani, N. P.; Forsyth, R. J., E-mail: arouilla@gmu.ed [Blackett Laboratory, Imperial College London, London, SW7 2BW (United Kingdom)

2010-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

148

Merging White Dwarf/Black Hole Binaries and Gamma-Ray Bursts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The merger of compact binaries, especially black holes and neutron stars, is frequently invoked to explain gamma-ray bursts (GRB's). In this paper, we present three dimensional hydrodynamical simulations of the relatively neglected mergers of white dwarfs and black holes. During the merger, the white dwarf is tidally disrupted and sheared into an accretion disk. Nuclear reactions are followed and the energy release is negligible. Peak accretion rates are ~0.05 Msun/s (less for lower mass white dwarfs) lasting for approximately a minute. Many of the disk parameters can be explained by a simple analytic model which we derive and compare to our simulations. This model can be used to predict accretion rates for white dwarf and black hole (or neutron star) masses which are not simulated in this paper. Although the mergers studied here create disks with larger radii, and longer accretion times than those from the merger of double neutron stars, a larger fraction of the merging star's mass becomes part of the disk. Thus the merger of a white dwarf and a black hole could produce a long duration GRB. The event rate of these mergers may be as high as 1/Myr per galaxy.

C. L. Fryer; S. E. Woosley; M. Herant; Melvyn B. Davies

1998-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

149

Category:Vertical Electrical Sounding Configurations | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Category Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Category:Vertical Electrical Sounding Configurations Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Geothermalpower.jpg Looking for the Vertical Electrical Sounding Configurations page? For detailed information on Vertical Electrical Sounding Configurations as exploration techniques, click here. Category:Vertical Electrical Sounding Configurations Add.png Add a new Vertical Electrical Sounding Configurations Technique Pages in category "Vertical Electrical Sounding Configurations" The following 2 pages are in this category, out of 2 total.

150

Auditory-based processing of communication sounds  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the resonance in the notes of sustained tones from string, woodwind and brass instruments, and singing voices. This suggests that the normalisation mechanisms at work may be the same for human voices and for other pulse-resonance sounds. The problem of automatic...

Walters, Thomas C.

2011-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

151

Deep electromagnetic sounding in central Nevada  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Sixteen shallow and deep controlled source electromagnetic soundings were performed in Buena Vista Valley, near Winnemucca, Nevada, to investigate an intra-basement conductor previously detected with magnetotellurics. The survey was carried out with the LBL EM-60 system using a remote magnetic reference for low-frequency geomagnetic noise cancellation, 100-m- and 2.8-km-diameter transmitter loops, and a minicomputer for in-field processing. EM soundings were made at distances from 0.5 to 30 km from three loops over the frequency range 0.02 to 500 Hz. Data were interpreted by means of 1-D inversions and the resulting layered models were pieced together to yield an approximate 2-D geoelectric model along the N-S axis of the valley. The EM soundings and one MT sounding show a 3 to 7 ohm-m zone at a depth of four to seven km. The conductor appears to be deepest at the northern end of the valley and shallowest beneath a basement ridge that seems to divide Buena Vista Valley into two basinal structures. Similar intra-basement conductors are also reported 50 to 75 miles south in the Carson Sink-Fallon areas, suggesting a common source, probably related to an anomalously hot, thin crust.

Wilt, M.; Goldstein, N.E.; Haught, J.R.; Morrison, H.F.

1982-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

PRIMORDIAL SOUNDS: BIG BANG ACOUSTICS Mark Whittle  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

like this: a descending scream, building into a deep rasping roar, and ending in a deafening hiss notes slowly dissolve to become the tapestry of galaxies which now fills all of space. The birth in high school that sound cannot exist in the vacuum of space? Well yes, but space wasn't so empty when

Whittle, Mark

153

Refraction of Sound by Islands and Seamounts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We consider the propagation into shallow water of low-frequency and low-order acoustic modes trapped in the sound channel. The phase velocity slightly decreases and then increases with decreasing depth. This leads to an unusual pattern of wave ...

W. H. Munk; F. Zachariasen

1991-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Spatialized computation in sound and music  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The PRISM system (for Pattern Recognition In Sound and Music) is the acoustic front?end of an experimental research environment that attempts to imitate qualitative aspects of human hearing; examples include polyphonic music recordings. This paper focuses on the acoustic representation used in PRISM

Bernard Mont?Reynaud

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Paul J. Merges, PhD Director, Bureau of Radiation New York State Department of Environmental Conservation  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

AU62 & 1993 AU62 & 1993 Paul J. Merges, PhD Director, Bureau of Radiation New York State Department of Environmental Conservation 50 Wolf Road Albany, New York 12233 1; Dear Dr. Merges: Your letter of August 13, 1993, requested information concerning the I Mt. Kisco, New York, site that was used for radium production by the former Canadian Radium and Uranium Company. This site was considered for the U.S. Department of Energy's Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program, and it was eliminated from consideration in 1987. As yourequested, copies of the pertinent documents are enclosed. I Dr. W. Alexander Williams (301-903-8149) is the appropriate contact for any necessary followup with your staff. t Sincerely, Enclosures Division of Off-Site Programs

156

Site-sounds: On strategies of sound art in public space  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

During the mid twentieth century, space was developed as a composable dimension. Composers used the three spatial dimensions in their own fashion, but space was understood primarily as an abstract concept. It was not until the development of sound installation ...

Georg Klein

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Sound quality descriptors for HVAC equipment from ARI Standards  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Air Conditioning and Refrigeration Institute (ARI) has several standards that provide methods to evaluate the sound quality of heating ventilating and air?conditioning (HVAC) equipment. These include Standard 270 Sound rating of outdoor unitary equipment

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Using ADCP Background Sound Levels to Estimate Wind Speed  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is well known that ambient sound is generated by wind through the process of wave breaking and bubble injection. The resulting sound levels are highly correlated with wind speed and, even though the physical process is not fully understood, ...

Len Zedel

2001-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Exploration and Organization of Sound with the Computer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The use of the computer as a tool for the creative musician presents an entirely new set of initial conditions for the exploration and organization of sound. The art of relating the parameters of electrical waveforms to sound

Ercolino Ferretti

1966-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

The perception of sound and its influence in the classroom  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we describe a game to assess if the quantitative and graphical perception of sound by students can influence how they behave in the classroom. The game captures sound and shows the sound wave or the frequency spectrum, integrated with an ... Keywords: classroom, game, noise, persuasive technology

Sofia Reis; Nuno Correia

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "merged sounding vap" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Elimination of vesicular sounds from pulmonary crackle waveforms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Pulmonary crackles and their parameters are very useful in the diagnosis of pulmonary disorders. A new automatic method has been proposed for the elimination of background vesicular sound from crackle signal with a view to introduce minimum distortion ... Keywords: Distortion metric, Pulmonary crackles, Respiratory sounds, Vesicular sound elimination

Mete Yeginer; Yasemin P. Kahya

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Puget Sound Energy - Resource Conservation Manager Program | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Puget Sound Energy - Resource Conservation Manager Program Puget Sound Energy - Resource Conservation Manager Program Puget Sound Energy - Resource Conservation Manager Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Schools State Government Savings Category Heating & Cooling Home Weatherization Construction Commercial Weatherization Commercial Heating & Cooling Design & Remodeling Program Info State District of Columbia Program Type Utility Grant Program Rebate Amount Incentive determined as a percentage of the typical RCM salary to help get program started with initial set-up of utility database and program organization. Typically funded at 25% of the first year salary. Provider Puget Sound Energy Puget Sound Energy's (PSE) Resource Conservation Manager Program (RCM)

163

ARM - Value-Added Products (VAP)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

banner Cart Icon Cart | Home | People | Site Index Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Climate Research Facility US Department of Energy About Science Campaigns Sites Instruments...

164

ARM - Value-Added Product (VAP) Reports  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

banner Cart Icon Cart | Home | People | Site Index Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Climate Research Facility US Department of Energy About Science Campaigns Sites Instruments...

165

The Broadband Heating Rate Profile (BBHRP) VAP  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ellingson Florida State University Tallahassee, Florida M. H. Zhang State University of New York at Albany Albany, New York Stony Brook R. A. Ferrare National Aeronautics and...

166

ARM - VAP Product - 30smplcmask1zwang  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Airport, Gan Island, Maldives GRW M1 Browse Data Graciosa Island, Azores, Portugal HFE M1 Browse Data Shouxian, Anhui, China PVC M1 Browse Data Highland Center, Cape Cod MA; AMF 1...

167

ARM - VAP Product - qcrad1long  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ARIES Observatory, Nainital, Uttarkhand, India PVC M1 Browse Data Highland Center, Cape Cod MA; AMF 1 PYE M1 Browse Data Point Reyes, CA SBS M1 Browse Data Steamboat Springs CO,...

168

ARM - Evaluation Product - Cloud Classification VAP  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

properties includes cloud boundaries, thickness, phase, type, and precipitation information, and hence provides a useful tool for evaluation of model simulations and...

169

THE DYNAMICS OF MERGING CLUSTERS: A MONTE CARLO SOLUTION APPLIED TO THE BULLET AND MUSKET BALL CLUSTERS  

SciTech Connect

Merging galaxy clusters have become one of the most important probes of dark matter, providing evidence for dark matter over modified gravity and even constraints on the dark matter self-interaction cross-section. To properly constrain the dark matter cross-section it is necessary to understand the dynamics of the merger, as the inferred cross-section is a function of both the velocity of the collision and the observed time since collision. While the best understanding of merging system dynamics comes from N-body simulations, these are computationally intensive and often explore only a limited volume of the merger phase space allowed by observed parameter uncertainty. Simple analytic models exist but the assumptions of these methods invalidate their results near the collision time, plus error propagation of the highly correlated merger parameters is unfeasible. To address these weaknesses I develop a Monte Carlo method to discern the properties of dissociative mergers and propagate the uncertainty of the measured cluster parameters in an accurate and Bayesian manner. I introduce this method, verify it against an existing hydrodynamic N-body simulation, and apply it to two known dissociative mergers: 1ES 0657-558 (Bullet Cluster) and DLSCL J0916.2+2951 (Musket Ball Cluster). I find that this method surpasses existing analytic models-providing accurate (10% level) dynamic parameter and uncertainty estimates throughout the merger history. This, coupled with minimal required a priori information (subcluster mass, redshift, and projected separation) and relatively fast computation ({approx}6 CPU hours), makes this method ideal for large samples of dissociative merging clusters.

Dawson, William A., E-mail: wadawson@ucdavis.edu [Physics Department, University of California, Davis, One Shields Avenue, Davis, CA 95616 (United States)

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Sound Coiled-Tubing Drilling Practices  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This Coiled-Tubing Drilling (CTD) Sound Practices Manual provides tools needed by CTD engineers and supervisors to plan, design and perform safe, successful CTD operations. As emphasized throughout, both careful planning and attention to detail are mandatory for success. A bibliography of many useful CTD references is presented in Chapter 6. This manual is organized according to three processes: 1) Pre-Job Planning Process, 2) Operations Execution Process, and 3) Post-Job Review Process. Each is discussed in a logical and sequential format.

Williams, Thomas; Deskins, Greg (Maurer Technology Inc.); Ward, Stephen L. (Advantage Energy Services Ltd); Hightower, Mel

2001-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

171

Puget Sound Energy - Commercial Retrofit Energy Efficiency Grant Program |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Puget Sound Energy - Commercial Retrofit Energy Efficiency Grant Puget Sound Energy - Commercial Retrofit Energy Efficiency Grant Program Puget Sound Energy - Commercial Retrofit Energy Efficiency Grant Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Local Government Nonprofit State Government Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Cooling Home Weatherization Construction Commercial Weatherization Design & Remodeling Manufacturing Other Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Program Info State District of Columbia Program Type Utility Grant Program Rebate Amount Up to 70% of installed cost of qualifying retrofit projects or up to 50% of qualifying lighting upgrades. Provider Puget Sound Energy PSE can provide a custom retrofit grant for any energy-efficiency project

172

Experimental Research to Improve the Soundness of Cementitious ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Soundness of Cementitious Material Blended with Cycled Fluidized Bed Ash ... portion of fly ash produced from coal-fired power plants and rejected from the ...

173

Effect of classroom lighting on the volume of classroom sounds.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The present study determined the effect of classroom lighting on the volume of classroom sounds. The expected outcome was that reduced lighting would result in… (more)

Skolny, Chad A.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Flexible finite-element modeling of global geomagnetic depth sounding  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Modeling in 2D and 3D for Geomagnetic Depth Sounding (31, 16610. Banks, R. , 1969: Geomagnetic variations and the1997: Introduction to geomagnetic fields. Cambridge Univ Pr.

Ribaudo, Joseph Thomas

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Improved analysis of musical sounds using time-frequency distributions.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The objective of this research is to improve the analysis of musical sounds in comparison to traditional additive analysis, i.e. Fourier Analysis. Namely, the focus… (more)

Kosek, Paul C.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

The sounds of high winds the effect of atmospheric stability on  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The sounds of high winds the effect of atmospheric stability on wind turbine sound and microphone of atmospheric stability on wind turbine sound and microphone noise Proefschrift ter verkrijging van het ir H.P. Wit #12;The sound of high winds: the effect of atmospheric stability on wind turbine sound

Groningen, Rijksuniversiteit

177

Measurement of Absorption in Rooms with Sound Absorbing Ceilings  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Serious difficulties have been encountered in attempts to measure the absorption coefficients of sound absorbing ceilings in large offices. An analysis of the sound field is made and it is concluded (1) that the reverberation time formula is usually invalid if the absorption is concentrated on one surface of the room

J. R. Power

1938-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

ATTEMPTS TO GUIDE SMALL FISH WITH UNDERWATER SOUND  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ATTEMPTS TO GUIDE SMALL FISH WITH UNDERWATER SOUND Marine Biological Laboratory NOV 9 -1953 WOODS, Director ATTEMPTS TO GUIDE SMALL FISH WITH UNDERWATER SOUND by Clifford J. Burner and Harvey Lo Moore" - Electro-magnetic transducer 6 Piezo-electric crystal transducer l8 "Wampus" - Underwater turbine 20

179

ATTEMPTS TO GUIDE SMALL FISH WITH UNDERWATER SOUND  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

403 ATTEMPTS TO GUIDE SMALL FISH WITH UNDERWATER SOUND -iD^ SPECIAL SCIENTIFK REPOKT-FISHERIES Na ATTEMPTS TO GUIDE SMALL FISH WITH UNDERWATER SOUND by Clifford J. Burner and Harvey L.. Moore United States-electric crystal transducer "Wampus" - Underwater turbine Electromagnetic transducer. Bell (lK-2) Summary

180

Giant H II regions in the merging system NGC 3256: Are they the birthplaces of globular clusters?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CCD images and spectra of ionized hydrogen in the merging system NGC3256 were acquired as part of a kinematic study to investigate the formation of globular clusters (GC) during the interactions and mergers of disk galaxies. This paper focuses on the proposition that giant H II regions, with an H_alpha luminosity > 1.5 x 10^{40} erg s^{-1}, are birthplaces of young populous clusters (YPC). We estimate 900 30-Doradus-like H II regions formed during the galaxy-galaxy interaction which created NGC 3256. A specific frequency argument for forming a sufficient number of GC, assuming that the NGC3256 merger remnant will be an elliptical galaxy, only requires that about 10% of these H II regions harbor YPC which survive several Gyr and have masses at least as large as the cluster R136 in 30 Doradus.

Jayanne English; Ken C. Freeman

2003-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "merged sounding vap" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Electromagnetic Soundings At Raft River Geothermal Area (1977) | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Electromagnetic Soundings At Raft River Geothermal Area (1977) Electromagnetic Soundings At Raft River Geothermal Area (1977) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Electromagnetic Soundings At Raft River Geothermal Area (1977) Exploration Activity Details Location Raft River Geothermal Area Exploration Technique Electromagnetic Sounding Techniques Activity Date 1977 Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Exploration Basis The purpose of the survey was: (1) to field test U.S. Geological Survey extra-low-frequency (ELF) equipment using a grounded wire source and receiver loop configuration (which is designed to measure the vertical magnetic field (Hz) at the loop center for various frequencies); (2) to present an example of the EM sounding data and interpretations using a

182

Puget Sound Energy - Portable Classroom Energy Efficient Controls Rebate  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Puget Sound Energy - Portable Classroom Energy Efficient Controls Puget Sound Energy - Portable Classroom Energy Efficient Controls Rebate Program Puget Sound Energy - Portable Classroom Energy Efficient Controls Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Schools Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Maximum Rebate Payable only up to the cost of the project including labor. Program Info State District of Columbia Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount 365-Day Programmable Thermostat - up to $250 Occupancy Sensor Damper Control - additional 50% Occupancy Sensor Lighting Control - additional 50% Provider Puget Sound Energy Puget Sound Energy's (PSE) Portable Classroom Controls Rebate program offers rebates to school customers who upgrade portable classroom controls from seven-day programmable thermostats to 365-day programmable

183

ON DARK PEAKS AND MISSING MASS: A WEAK-LENSING MASS RECONSTRUCTION OF THE MERGING CLUSTER SYSTEM A520 ,  

SciTech Connect

Merging clusters of galaxies are unique in their power to directly probe and place limits on the self-interaction cross-section of dark matter. Detailed observations of several merging clusters have shown the intracluster gas to be displaced from the centroids of dark matter and galaxy density by ram pressure, while the latter components are spatially coincident, consistent with collisionless dark matter. This has been used to place upper limits on the dark matter particle self-interaction cross-section of order 1 cm{sup 2} g{sup -1}. The cluster A520 has been seen as a possible exception. We revisit A520 presenting new Hubble Space Telescope Advanced Camera for Surveys mosaic images and a Magellan image set. We perform a detailed weak-lensing analysis and show that the weak-lensing mass measurements and morphologies of the core galaxy-filled structures are mostly in good agreement with previous works. There is, however, one significant difference: We do not detect the previously claimed 'dark core' that contains excess mass with no significant galaxy overdensity at the location of the X-ray plasma. This peak has been suggested to be indicative of a large self-interaction cross-section for dark matter (at least {approx}5{sigma} larger than the upper limit of 0.7 cm{sup 2} g{sup -1} determined by observations of the Bullet Cluster). We find no such indication and instead find that the mass distribution of A520, after subtraction of the X-ray plasma mass, is in good agreement with the luminosity distribution of the cluster galaxies. We conclude that A520 shows no evidence to contradict the collisionless dark matter scenario.

Clowe, Douglas [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Ohio University, 251B Clippinger Labs, Athens, OH 45701 (United States); Markevitch, Maxim [NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Code 662, 8800 Greenbelt Road, Greenbelt, MD 20706 (United States); Bradac, Marusa [Department of Physics, University of California, One Shields Avenue, Davis, CA 95616 (United States); Gonzalez, Anthony H.; Chung, Sun Mi [Department of Astronomy, University of Florida, 211 Bryant Space Science Center, Gainesville, FL 32611 (United States); Massey, Richard [Department of Physics, Durham University, South Road, Durham DH1 3LE (United Kingdom); Zaritsky, Dennis, E-mail: clowe@ohio.edu [Steward Observatory, University of Arizona, 933 North Cherry Avenue, Tucson, AZ 85721 (United States)

2012-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

184

Sensitivity of ray dynamics in an underwater sound channel to vertical scale of longitudinal sound-speed variations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate sound ray propagation in a range-dependent underwater acoustic waveguide. Our attention is focused on sensitivity of ray dynamics to the vertical structure of a sound-speed perturbation induced by ocean internal waves. Two models of longitudinal sound-speed variations are considered: a periodic inhomogeneity and a stochastic one. It is found that vertical oscillations of a sound-speed perturbation can affect rays in a resonant manner. Such resonances give rise to chaos in certain regions of phase space. It is shown that stability of steep rays, being observed in experiments, is connected with suppression of resonances in the case of small-scale vertical sound-speed oscillations.

D. V. Makarov; M. Yu. Uleysky; M. Yu. Martynov

2005-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

185

Puget Sound Energy - Commercial Energy Efficient Equipment Rebate Programs  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Puget Sound Energy - Commercial Energy Efficient Equipment Rebate Puget Sound Energy - Commercial Energy Efficient Equipment Rebate Programs Puget Sound Energy - Commercial Energy Efficient Equipment Rebate Programs < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Institutional Nonprofit Schools Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Appliances & Electronics Heat Pumps Commercial Lighting Lighting Manufacturing Program Info State District of Columbia Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount '''Lighting''' Small Business Lighting: $3 - $190 CFLs: $3 - $12 LEDs: $10 - $25 Ceramic Metal Halide Lamps: $25 LED Exit Signs: $50 LED Traffic Signals: $5 - $20 Lighting Controls: $40 - $80 T8 Lamp Upgrade: $1 per lamp '''HVAC''' HVAC Installations (New Construction): $30/ton HVAC Replacements: $100 - $550

186

Velocity of sound in the relic photon sea  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We determine the velocity of sound in the blackbody gas of photons and in the gas of relic photons. Derivation is based on the thermodynamic theory of the photon gas and the Einstein relation between energy and mass. The spectral form for the n-dimensional blackbody is derived. The 1D, 2D and 3D blackbody radiation is specified. It is mentioned the possibility of creation of the Mach cone in case that the high energy cosmical particles moves with the speed greater than the velocity of sound in cosmical relic photon sea. Key words: Sound, elasticity, thermodynamics, blackbody, relic photons, Mach's cone.

Pardy, Miroslav

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Velocity of sound in the relic photon sea  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We determine the velocity of sound in the blackbody gas of photons and in the gas of relic photons. Derivation is based on the thermodynamic theory of the photon gas and the Einstein relation between energy and mass. The spectral form for the n-dimensional blackbody is derived. The 1D, 2D and 3D blackbody radiation is specified. It is mentioned the possibility of creation of the Mach cone in case that the high energy cosmical particles moves with the speed greater than the velocity of sound in cosmical relic photon sea. Key words: Sound, elasticity, thermodynamics, blackbody, relic photons, Mach's cone.

Miroslav Pardy

2013-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

188

Puget Sound Energy - Commercial New Construction Energy Efficiency...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

incremental cost of individual measures '''Building Commissioning:''' Up to 0.50 per square foot with maximum of 50% of third-party commissioning agent fee Provider Puget Sound...

189

Geothermal significance of magnetotelluric sounding in the eastern Snake  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

significance of magnetotelluric sounding in the eastern Snake significance of magnetotelluric sounding in the eastern Snake River Plain-Yellowstone Region Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: Geothermal significance of magnetotelluric sounding in the eastern Snake River Plain-Yellowstone Region Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: Magnetotelluric soundings along a profile extending from the Raft River geothermal area in southern Idaho in Yellowstone National Park in Wyoming reveal a highly anamalous crustal structure involving a conductive zone at depths that range from 18 km in the central part of the eastern Snake River Plain to 7 km beneath the Raft River thermal area and as little as 5 km in Yellowstone. Resistivities in this conductive zone are less than

190

Analysis Procedure And Equipment For Deep Geoelectrical Soundings In Noisy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Analysis Procedure And Equipment For Deep Geoelectrical Soundings In Noisy Analysis Procedure And Equipment For Deep Geoelectrical Soundings In Noisy Areas Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: Analysis Procedure And Equipment For Deep Geoelectrical Soundings In Noisy Areas Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) Abstract: This paper discusses the problem involved in extracting the useful signal from background noise during geoelectrical soundings in noisy areas or where a considerable depth of penetration is required. This problem often arises in geothermal volcanic areas where the exploration target is a low resistivity formation and high resistivity surface rocks generally prevent the energization of the soil by strong currents. The spectral characteristics of the signal and noise are discussed, along with

191

Interpretation of electromagnetic soundings in the Raft River geothermal  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Interpretation of electromagnetic soundings in the Raft River geothermal Interpretation of electromagnetic soundings in the Raft River geothermal area, Idaho Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Report: Interpretation of electromagnetic soundings in the Raft River geothermal area, Idaho Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: An electromagnetic (EM) controlled source survey was conducted in the Raft River Valley, near Malta, Idaho. The purpose of the survey was: to field test U.S. Geological Survey extra-low-frequency (ELF) equipment using a grounded wire source and receiver loop configuration (which is designed to measure the vertical magnetic field (Hz) at the loop center for various frequencies); to present an example of the EM sounding data and interpretations using a previously developed inversion program; and (3) to

192

A Sound (and Complete) Model of Contracts Matthias Blume  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Sound (and Complete) Model of Contracts Matthias Blume Toyota Technological Institute at Chicago blume@tti-c.org David McAllester Toyota Technological Institute at Chicago mcallester@tti-c.org Abstract

McAllester, David

193

Disturbed Sound Lateralization in Patients with Spatial Neglect  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Previous studies on auditory space perception in patients with neglect have investigated localization of free-field-sound stimuli or lateralization of dichotic stimuli that are perceived intracranially. Since those studies in part revealed contradictory ...

Ulrike Zimmer; Jörg Lewald; Hans-Otto Karnath

2003-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

HST.723 Neural Coding and Perception of Sound, Spring 2003  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Neural structures and mechanisms mediating the detection, localization, and recognition of sounds. Discussion of how acoustic signals are coded by auditory neurons, the impact of these codes on behavorial performance, and ...

Delgutte, Bertrand

195

Construction of Stratospheric Temperature Data Records from Stratospheric Sounding Units  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In recognizing the importance of Stratospheric Sounding Unit (SSU) onboard historical NOAA polar-orbiting satellites in assessment of long-term stratospheric temperature changes and limitations in previous available SSU datasets, this study ...

Likun Wang; Cheng-Zhi Zou; Haifeng Qian

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Community Radiative Transfer Model for Stratospheric Sounding Unit  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To better use the Stratospheric Sounding Unit (SSU) data for reanalysis and climate studies, issues associated with the fast radiative transfer (RT) model for SSU have recently been revisited and the results have been implemented into the ...

Yong Chen; Yong Han; Quanhua Liu; Paul Van Delst; Fuzhong Weng

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

The Use of Visible Data in VAS Temperature Soundings  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A method is developed that makes use of visible reflectance data to provide cloud information from the retrieval of atmospheric vertical soundings from VAS geostationary radiance observations. The technique enables estimates of fractional cloud ...

Gin-Rong Liu; William L. Smith; Thomas H. Achtor

1988-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Sound-induced micromechanical motions in an isolated cochlea preparation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The mechanical processes at work within the organ of Corti can be greatly elucidated by measuring both radial motions and traveling-wave behavior of structures within this organ in response to sound stimuli. To enable such ...

Page, Scott Lawrence

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Remote Spectroscopic Sounding of Liquid Water Path in Thick Clouds...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

restored for this particular case. For sounding of the mixed clouds, three intervals in a spectrum of solar radiation are analyzed: 0.97-1.03 m; 1.60-1.70 m; and 2.15-2.35 m...

200

Design and implementation of an underwater sound recording device  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this study was to design and build two versions of an underwater sound recording device. The device designed is referred to as the Underwater Sound Recorder (USR), which can be connected to one or two hydrophones or other underwater sound sensors. The URS contains a 26 dB preamplifier and a user selectable gain that permits additional amplification of input to the system from 26 dB to 46 dB. Signals within the frequency range up to 15 kHz may be recorded using the USR. Examples of USR applications are monitoring underwater processes that have the potential to create large pressure waves that could potentially harm fish or other aquatic life, such as underwater explosions or pile driving. Additional applications are recording sound generated by vessels or the vocalizations of some marine mammals, such as the calls from many species of whales.

Martinez, Jayson J.; Myers, Joshua R.; Carlson, Thomas J.; Deng, Zhiqun; Rohrer, John S.; Caviggia, Kurt A.

2011-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "merged sounding vap" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Puget Sound area electric reliability plan  

SciTech Connect

Various conservation, load management, and fuel switching programs were considered as ways to reduce or shift system peak load. These programs operate at the end-use level, such as residential water heat. Figure D-1a shows what electricity consumption for water heat looks like on normal and extreme peak days. Load management programs, such as water heat control, are designed to reduce electricity consumption at the time of system peak. On the coldest day in average winter, system load peaks near 8:00 a.m. In a winter with extremely cold weather, electricity consumption increases fr all hours, and the system peak shifts to later in the morning. System load shapes in the Puget Sound area are shown in Figure D-1b for a normal winter peak day (February 2, 1988) and extreme peak day (February 3, 1989). Peak savings from any program are calculated to be the reduction in loads on the entire system at the hour of system peak. Peak savings for all programs are measured at 8:00 a.m. on a normal peak day and 9:00 a.m. on an extreme peak day. On extremely cold day, some water heat load shifts to much later in the morning, with less load available for shedding at the time of system peak. Models of hourly end-use consumption were constructed to simulate the impact of conservation, land management, and fuel switching programs on electricity consumption. Javelin, a time-series simulating package for personal computers, was chosen for the hourly analysis. Both a base case and a program case were simulated. 15 figs., 7 tabs.

1991-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

The geometry of sound rays in a wind  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We survey the close relationship between sound and light rays and geometry. In the case where the medium is at rest, the geometry is the classical geometry of Riemann. In the case where the medium is moving, the more general geometry known as Finsler geometry is needed. We develop these geometries ab initio, with examples, and in particular show how sound rays in a stratified atmosphere with a wind can be mapped to a problem of circles and straight lines.

G. W. Gibbons; C. M. Warnick

2011-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

203

Puget Sound area electric reliability plan. Draft environmental impact statement  

SciTech Connect

The Puget Sound Area Electric Reliability Plan Draft Environmental Impact Statement (DEIS) identifies the alternatives for solving a power system problem in the Puget Sound area. This Plan is undertaken by Bonneville Power Administration (BPA), Puget Sound Power & Light, Seattle City Light, Snohomish Public Utility District No. 1 (PUD), and Tacoma Public Utilities. The Plan consists of potential actions in Puget Sound and other areas in the State of Washington. A specific need exists in the Puget Sound area for balance between east-west transmission capacity and the increasing demand to import power generated east of the Cascades. At certain times of the year, there is more demand for power than the electric system can supply in the Puget Sound area. This high demand, called peak demand, occurs during the winter months when unusually cold weather increases electricity use for heating. The existing power system can supply enough power if no emergencies occur. However, during emergencies, the system will not operate properly. As demand grows, the system becomes more strained. To meet demand, the rate of growth of demand must be reduced or the ability to serve the demand must be increased, or both. The plan to balance Puget Sound`s power demand and supply has these purposes: The plan should define a set of actions that would accommodate ten years of load growth (1994--2003). Federal and State environmental quality requirements should be met. The plan should be consistent with the plans of the Northwest Power Planning Council. The plan should serve as a consensus guideline for coordinated utility action. The plan should be flexible to accommodate uncertainties and differing utility needs. The plan should balance environmental impacts and economic costs. The plan should provide electric system reliability consistent with customer expectations. 29 figs., 24 tabs.

Not Available

1991-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Gas fueling and nuclear disk formation in merging between a central black hole and a gas clump  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We numerically investigate dynamical evolution of a merger between a central massive black hole (MBH) and a gas clump with the mass of $10^6$ $-$ $10^7$ $M_{\\odot}$ in the central tens pc of a galactic bulge. We found that strong tidal gravitational field of the MBH transforms the initial spherical clump into a moderately thick gaseous disk (or torus) around the MBH. The developed disk is also found to show rotation, essentially because the tidal field changes efficiently the orbital angular momentum of the clump into intrinsic angular momentum of the disk. Furthermore about a few percent of gas mass (corresponding to a few $10^5$ $M_{\\odot}$) in the clump is found to be transferred to the central sub-parsec region around the MBH within an order of $10^6$ yr. We thus suggest that successive merging of gas clumps onto a MBH can not only be associated closely with the formation of nuclear disk around the MBH but also can provide gas fuel for the MBH.

Kenji Bekki

2000-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

205

Combining Neural Network and Genetic Algorithm for Prediction of Lung Sounds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recognition of lung sounds is an important goal in pulmonary medicine. In this work, we present a study for neural networks--genetic algorithm approach intended to aid in lung sound classification. Lung sound was captured from the chest wall of The subjects ... Keywords: MLP, auscultation, genetic algorithm, lung sounds, neural network, respiratory diseases

?nan Güler; Hüseyin Polat; Uçman Ergün

2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Aquatic Mammals 2003, 29.1, 3752 Stereotypical sound patterns in humpback whale songs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

within these themes. Sounds that had a low PRR (typically had much less total energy than of low-energy sounds within dominant patterns suggests either Figure 8. Comparison of sound pattern usageAquatic Mammals 2003, 29.1, 37­52 Stereotypical sound patterns in humpback whale songs: Usage

Mercado III, Eduardo

207

Characteristics of chorusing sounds of humpback whales wintering in waters off western Maui  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The dominant biological sound in the waters of west Maui during the humpback whale winter season in Hawaii is the chorusing sounds of singing humpback whales. A portable data logger was used to record chorusing sounds during most of the 1998 season. Sounds were digitized for 4 min every 1/2 h and the data were stored on a hard disk. The results showed a peak in the sound pressure level between mid?February and mid?March coinciding with the peak in the number of whales sighted by aerial surveys. Significantly higher levels of chorusing sounds were also recorded at night. Sound levels began to increase during sunset

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Puget Sound Area Electric Reliability Plan : Draft Environmental Impact State.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Puget Sound Area Electric Reliability Plan Draft Environmental Impact Statement (DEIS) identifies the alternatives for solving a power system problem in the Puget Sound area. This Plan is undertaken by Bonneville Power Administration (BPA), Puget Sound Power Light, Seattle City Light, Snohomish Public Utility District No. 1 (PUD), and Tacoma Public Utilities. The Plan consists of potential actions in Puget Sound and other areas in the State of Washington. A specific need exists in the Puget Sound area for balance between east-west transmission capacity and the increasing demand to import power generated east of the Cascades. At certain times of the year, there is more demand for power than the electric system can supply in the Puget Sound area. This high demand, called peak demand, occurs during the winter months when unusually cold weather increases electricity use for heating. The existing power system can supply enough power if no emergencies occur. However, during emergencies, the system will not operate properly. As demand grows, the system becomes more strained. To meet demand, the rate of growth of demand must be reduced or the ability to serve the demand must be increased, or both. The plan to balance Puget Sound's power demand and supply has these purposes: The plan should define a set of actions that would accommodate ten years of load growth (1994--2003). Federal and State environmental quality requirements should be met. The plan should be consistent with the plans of the Northwest Power Planning Council. The plan should serve as a consensus guideline for coordinated utility action. The plan should be flexible to accommodate uncertainties and differing utility needs. The plan should balance environmental impacts and economic costs. The plan should provide electric system reliability consistent with customer expectations. 29 figs., 24 tabs.

United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

1991-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

In vivo breast sound-speed imaging with ultrasound tomography  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We discuss a bent-ray ultrasound tomography algorithm with total-variation (TV) regularization. We have applied this algorithm to 61 in vivo breast datasets collected with our in-house clinical prototype for imaging sound-speed distributions in the breast. Our analysis showed that TV regularization could preserve sharper lesion edges than the classic Tikhonov regularization. Furthermore, the image quality of our TV bent-ray sound-speed tomograms was superior to that of the straight-ray counterparts for all types of breasts within BI-RADS density categories 1-4. For all four breast types from fatty to dense, the improvements for average sharpness (in the unit of (m{center_dot} s) {sup -1}) of lesion edges in our TV bent-ray tomograms are between 2.1 to 3.4 fold compared to the straight ray tomograms. Reconstructed sound-speed tomograms illustrated that our algorithm could successfully image fatty and glandular tissues within the breast. We calculated the mean sound-speed values for fatty tissue and breast parenchyma as 1422 {+-} 9 mls (mean{+-} SD) and1487 {+-} 21 mls, respectively. Based on 32 lesions in a cohort of 61 patients, we also found that the mean sound-speed for malignant breast lesions (1548{+-}17 mls) was higher, on average, than that of benign ones (1513{+-}27 mls) (one-sided psound-speed tomograms can be used to assess breast density (, and therefore, breast cancer risk), as well as detect and help differentiate breast lesions. Finally, our sound-speed tomograms may also be a useful tool to monitor clinical response of breast cancer patients to neo-adjuvant chemotherapy.

Huang, Lianjie [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Li, Cuiping [KARMANOS CANCER INSTITUTE; Duric, Neb [KARMANOS CANCER INSTITUTE; Littrup, Peter [KARMONOS CANCER INSTITUTE

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Consistency and Advantage of Loop Regularization Method Merging with Bjorken-Drell's Analogy Between Feynman Diagrams and Electrical Circuits  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The consistency of loop regularization (LORE) method is explored in multiloop calculations. A key concept of the LORE method is the introduction of irreducible loop integrals (ILIs) which are evaluated from the Feynman diagrams by adopting the Feynman parametrization and ultraviolet-divergence-preserving(UVDP) parametrization. It is then inevitable for the ILIs to encounter the divergences in the UVDP parameter space due to the generic overlapping divergences in the 4-dimensional momentum space. By computing the so-called $\\alpha\\beta\\gamma$ integrals arising from two loop Feynman diagrams, we show how to deal with the divergences in the parameter space with the LORE method. By identifying the divergences in the UVDP parameter space to those in the subdiagrams, we arrive at the Bjorken-Drell's analogy between Feynman diagrams and electrical circuits. The UVDP parameters are shown to correspond to the conductance or resistance in the electrical circuits, and the divergence in Feynman diagrams is ascribed to the infinite conductance or zero resistance. In particular, the sets of conditions required to eliminate the overlapping momentum integrals for obtaining the ILIs are found to be associated with the conservations of electric voltages, and the momentum conservations correspond to the conservations of electrical currents, which are known as the Kirchhoff's laws in the electrical circuits analogy. As an application to the massive scalar $\\phi^4$ theory, it enables us to obtain the well-known logarithmic running of the coupling constant and the consistent power-law running of the scalar mass at two loop level. Especially, we present an explicit demonstration on the general procedure of applying the LORE method to the multiloop calculations of Feynman diagrams when merging with the advantage of Bjorken-Drell's circuit analogy.

Da Huang; Yue-Liang Wu

2011-08-18T23:59:59.000Z

211

A New 4H-SiC Lateral Merged Double Schottky (LMDS) Rectifier With Excellent Forward and Reverse Characteristics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The novel characteristics of a new Schottky rectifier structure, known as the lateral merged double Schottky (LMDS) rectifier, on 4H-SiC are explored theoretically and compared with those of the compatible conventional 4H-SiC Schottky rectifiers. The anode of the proposed lateral device utilizes the trenches filled with a high barrier Schottky (HBS) metal to pinch off a low barrier Schottky (LBS) contact during reverse bias. Numerical simulation of any such SiC structure is complicated by the fact that the thermionic emission theory predicts the reverse leakage current to be orders of magnitude smaller than the measured data. We, therefore, first propose a simple empirical model for barrier height lowering to accurately estimate the reverse leakage current in a SiC Schottky contact. The accuracy of the empirical model is verified by comparing the simulated reverse leakage current with the reported experimental results on different SiC Schottky structures. Using the proposed empirical model, the two-dimensional (2-D) numerical simulations reveal that the new LMDS rectifier demonstrates about three orders of magnitude reduction in the reverse leakage current and two times higher reverse breakdown voltage when compared to the conventional lateral low barrier Schottky (LLBS) rectifier while keeping the forward voltage drop comparable to that of the conventional LLBS rectifier. A unique feature of the 4H-SiC LMDS rectifier is that it exhibits a very sharp PiN diode-like reverse blocking characteristic in spite of the fact that only Schottky junctions are used in the structure. The reasons for the improved performance of the LMDS rectifier are analyzed and design tradeoff between the forward voltage drop and the reverse leakage current is provided by varying the device parame...

Yashvir Singh And; Yashvir Singh; M. Jagadesh Kumar; Senior Member

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Transmission of sound through suspended ceilings from HVAC terminal units  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An ASHRAE project to investigate factors determining the sound pressure levels in rooms below ceilings concealing air?terminal units has been completed. Four terminal units installed close to the six ceiling types used were the major noise sources. They were supplemented by two simulators powered by loudspeakers.Sound power was measured for each device in the 156 cubic meter test room in its reverberant condition. The levels in the room were measured for each combination of source and ceiling tile. Sound pressure level was measured as a function of distance from two sources in the room below. The main intent of the project was to validate ARI Standard 885 which provides a calculation method for such situations. Differences among ceiling types were less than expected; leakage around the edges of each panel is a dominant transmission path. Ceiling attenuations at low frequencies were found to depend on the area of the lower face of the units. Sound levels in the room were essentially uniform when the source was above the ceiling. The decay of sound with distance from the sources below the ceiling was found to depend on the inverse of the room reverberation time.

Alf Warnock

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Merging hydraulics with biology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Research staff are now working with developers in Lao PDR and Australia to ensure design criteria is optimised at time of construction. Research is presently underway on a suite of Mekong and Murray-Darling species to identify critical tolerances of shear and pressure. Work in the USA is also being expanded to lamprey and white sturgeon in an effort to increase the understanding beyond salmon species. Researchers and developers are hopeful of constructing the first fish-friendly hydro plants within the next two years. Pending favourable outcomes, the expansion of this technology to other sites and river systems is the ultimate development outcome.

Thorncraft, Garry; Baumgartner, Lee J.; Boys, Craig A.; Brown, Richard S.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Leaning, Merging, Overlapping, Translucently  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

sculpture with two projections of light spills. 35interacts with the video projection itself, and works atThe difference between each projection is that they are all

Bank, Rachel

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Puget Sound Communities Promote Energy Efficiency | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Puget Sound Communities Promote Energy Efficiency Puget Sound Communities Promote Energy Efficiency Puget Sound Communities Promote Energy Efficiency April 2, 2010 - 4:50pm Addthis Lorelei Laird Writer, Energy Empowers What does this project do? Identifies wasted energy Frees up money for cash strapped programs in the area. Four organizations on Washington state's Kitsap Peninsula are joining forces to improve their energy efficiency. Led by the City of Bremerton, the largest participant city by population and energy needs, the four will hire an expert consultant to find and document ways to save energy in big ways and small. Pat Coxon, Wastewater Division manager for the city, says the project is still getting started, but reductions in every part of its resource use are on the table. He says the grant was a well-timed opportunity for Bremerton

216

Quality Assurance Program Undergoes Sound Changes to Ensure Safe, Correct  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Quality Assurance Program Undergoes Sound Changes to Ensure Safe, Quality Assurance Program Undergoes Sound Changes to Ensure Safe, Correct Work Quality Assurance Program Undergoes Sound Changes to Ensure Safe, Correct Work August 1, 2012 - 12:00pm Addthis WASHINGTON, D.C. - Completing the world's largest nuclear cleanup safely and correctly is EM's priority. In support of that central mission, EM recently made changes that strengthen its corporate quality assurance program, marking the first revisions to the quality program since EM established it in 2008. The program provides the foundation for achieving quality through a consistent approach to all mission-related work across the EM complex. EM believes the changes greatly advance EM's quality assurance program, serving to enhance the abilities of EM employees and contractors to ensure

217

MCA4Climate - Guidance for scientifically sound climate change planning |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

MCA4Climate - Guidance for scientifically sound climate change planning MCA4Climate - Guidance for scientifically sound climate change planning Jump to: navigation, search LEDSGP green logo.png FIND MORE DIA TOOLS This tool is part of the Development Impacts Assessment (DIA) Toolkit from the LEDS Global Partnership. Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Multicriteria Analysis for Climate (MCA4climate) Agency/Company /Organization: United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), World Bank Climate Smart Planning Platform Sector: Climate, Energy, Land Topics: Co-benefits assessment, Low emission development planning, Policies/deployment programs Resource Type: Guide/manual Complexity/Ease of Use: Moderate Website: www.mca4climate.info/ Program Start: 2011 Cost: Free Multicriteria Analysis for Climate (MCA4climate) Screenshot References: MCA4Climate - Guidance for scientifically sound climate change planning[1]

218

Puget Sound Energy - Commercial New Construction Energy Efficiency Grant  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Puget Sound Energy - Commercial New Construction Energy Efficiency Puget Sound Energy - Commercial New Construction Energy Efficiency Grant Program Puget Sound Energy - Commercial New Construction Energy Efficiency Grant Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Local Government Nonprofit State Government Savings Category Heating & Cooling Home Weatherization Construction Commercial Weatherization Commercial Heating & Cooling Design & Remodeling Other Program Info State District of Columbia Program Type Utility Grant Program Rebate Amount '''Whole Building Approach:''' $0.60 - $1.80 per square foot for measures that are 10 - 30% above required code '''Building Components:''' Up to 100% of the incremental cost of individual measures '''Building Commissioning:''' Up to $0.50 per square foot with maximum of 50% of third-party

219

Puget Sound Energy - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Puget Sound Energy - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs Puget Sound Energy - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs Puget Sound Energy - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Appliances & Electronics Sealing Your Home Ventilation Heat Pumps Commercial Lighting Lighting Water Heating Maximum Rebate Floor/Attic/Wall Insulation: $400 for each form of insulation Duct Insulation: $200 for each form of insulation Windows: $750 Heat Pump Water Heater: Energy Star rated Program Info State District of Columbia Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Ductless Heat Pumps: $1,200 Geothermal Heat Pump: $1,500 Air-Source Heat Pumps: $200 - $800 Heat Pump Sizing and Lock-Out Control: $300

220

Quality Assurance Program Undergoes Sound Changes to Ensure Safe, Correct  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Quality Assurance Program Undergoes Sound Changes to Ensure Safe, Quality Assurance Program Undergoes Sound Changes to Ensure Safe, Correct Work Quality Assurance Program Undergoes Sound Changes to Ensure Safe, Correct Work August 1, 2012 - 12:00pm Addthis WASHINGTON, D.C. - Completing the world's largest nuclear cleanup safely and correctly is EM's priority. In support of that central mission, EM recently made changes that strengthen its corporate quality assurance program, marking the first revisions to the quality program since EM established it in 2008. The program provides the foundation for achieving quality through a consistent approach to all mission-related work across the EM complex. EM believes the changes greatly advance EM's quality assurance program, serving to enhance the abilities of EM employees and contractors to ensure

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "merged sounding vap" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Sound damping constant for generalized theories of gravity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The near-horizon metric for a black brane in anti-de Sitter space and the metric near the AdS boundary both exhibit hydrodynamic behavior. We demonstrate the equivalence of this pair of hydrodynamic systems for the sound mode of a conformal theory. This is first established for Einstein's gravity, but we then show how the sound damping constant will be modified from its Einstein form for a generalized theory. The modified damping constant is expressible as the ratio of a pair of gravitational couplings that are indicative of the sound-channel class of gravitons. This ratio of couplings differs from both that of the shear diffusion coefficient and the shear viscosity to entropy ratio. Our analysis is mostly limited to conformal theories, but suggestions are made as to how this restriction might eventually be lifted.

Brustein, Ram [Department of Physics, Ben-Gurion University, Beer-Sheva, 84105 (Israel); Medved, A. J. M. [Physics Department, University of Seoul, Seoul 130-743 (Korea, Republic of)

2009-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

222

Session WHH. Noise Workshop: Sound Power Measurement at Discrete Frequencies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The method of measurement of the sound power at single frequencies using reverberation chamber is still under development and a lot of both theoretical and experimental research is being done. The workshop will give the opportunity to discuss the most recent results of the research and the practical aspects of the measurements. The program of the workshop will cover: Introduction and Summary (J. Tichy); The Effect of the Sampling on the Variance of the Sound Pressure Squared (D. Lubman); The Effect of the Nearfield Reflectors (D. Ingalls); Dependence of the Radiated Power on the Sound Source Position (G. Maling); The Application of Rotating Vanes (J. Tichy); Qualification Procedure of Reverberation Chamber (C. Ebbing); R. Waterhouse and W. Lang will take part in the discussion.

Jim Tichy

1971-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Characterizing, synthesizing, and/or canceling out acoustic signals from sound sources  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A system for characterizing, synthesizing, and/or canceling out acoustic signals from inanimate and animate sound sources. Electromagnetic sensors monitor excitation sources in sound producing systems, such as animate sound sources such as the human voice, or from machines, musical instruments, and various other structures. Acoustical output from these sound producing systems is also monitored. From such information, a transfer function characterizing the sound producing system is generated. From the transfer function, acoustical output from the sound producing system may be synthesized or canceled. The systems disclosed enable accurate calculation of transfer functions relating specific excitations to specific acoustical outputs. Knowledge of such signals and functions can be used to effect various sound replication, sound source identification, and sound cancellation applications.

Holzrichter, John F. (Berkeley, CA); Ng, Lawrence C. (Danville, CA)

2007-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

224

Assessment of HVAC sound power data for sensitive spaces.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Certification testing of air handling unit sound power (PWL) indicates that individual unit PWL can vary significantly from manufacturer published data. Published data are typically based on a limited number of actual tests with results extrapolated for other fan sizes and operating conditions. Although published data are normally acceptable for routine applications

Kevin C. Miller; Martin J. Beam

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Australia-Bermuda Sound Transmission Experiment (1960) Revisited  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Detonations at the depth of the sound channel axis off Perth, Australia were recorded on Bermuda hydrophones at a 178°.2 range (180° is antipodal). The analysis by Shockley et al. of this 1960 transmission experiment allows for the geographic ...

W. H. Munk; W. C. O'Reilly; J. L. Reid

1988-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Electromagnetic soundings for geothermal resources in Dixie Valley, Nevada  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

An electromagnetic (EM) sounding survey was performed over a region encompassing the Dixie Valley geothermal field to map the subsurface resistivity in the geothermal field and the surrounding area. The EM survey, consisting of 19 frequency-domain depth soundings made with the LBL EM-60 system, was undertaken to explore a narrow region adjacent to the Stillwater Range to a depth of 2 to 3 km. Lithologic and well log resistivity information from well 66-21 show that for EM interpretation the section can be reduced to a three-layer model consisting of moderately resistive alluvial sediments, low resistivity lacustrine sediments, and high resistivity Tertiary volcanics and older rocks. This three layer model was used as a starting point in interpreting EM sounding data. Variations in resistivity and thickness provided structural information and clues to the accumulation of geothermal fluids. The interpreted soundings reveal a 1 to 1.5-km-deep low-resistivity zone spatially associated with the geothermal field. The shallow depth suggests that the zone detected is either fluid leakage or hydrothermal alteration, rather than high-temperature reservoir fluids. The position of the low-resistivity zone also conforms to changes in depth to the high resistivity basal layer, suggesting that faulting is a control on the location of productive intervals. 10 refs., 7 figs.

Wilt, M.J.; Goldstein, N.E.

1985-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

An Efficient Sound Source for Wide-Area RAFOS Navigation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To meet the expected need for wide-area acoustic navigation for Lagrangian studies of ocean circulation using RAFOS floats, a new and powerful sound source, a resonant pipe projector has been developed. It consists of a free-flooded open steel ...

T. Rossby; J. Ellis; D. C. Webb

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Lefties Get It “Right” When Hearing Tool Sounds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Our ability to manipulate and understand the use of a wide range of tools is a feature that sets humans apart from other animals. In right-handers, we previously reported that hearing hand-manipulated tool sounds preferentially activates a left hemisphere ...

James W. Lewis; Raymond E. Phinney; Julie A. Brefczynski-Lewis; Edgar A. DeYoe

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Radio Acoustic Sounding with a UHF Volume Imaging Radar  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An implementation of a radio acoustic sounding system (RASS) using a UHF volume imaging radar is presented. The volume-imaging ability of the radar permits the study the spatial structure of the RASS echo observing both the diffraction pattern on ...

Paco López Dekker; Stephen J. Frasier

2004-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Severe Storm Observations Using the Microwave Sounding Unit  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The microwave sounding unit (MSU) aboard the NOAA polar orbiting satellites contains four channels in the oxygen band, at 50.30, 53.74, 54.96 and 57.95 GHz, which receive thermal radiation originating primarily from four regions ranging from the ...

Norman C. Grody

1983-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Echology: an interactive spatial sound and video artwork  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a novel way of manipulating a spatial soundscape, one that encourages collaboration and exploration. Through a table-top display surrounded by speakers and lights, participants are invited to engage in peaceful play with Beluga whales shown ... Keywords: Beluga whale, interactive art, mediascape, sound spatialization

Meghan Deutscher; Reynald Hoskinson; Sachiyo Takashashi; Sidney Fels

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

An Air-Launched Atmospheric Sounding System (ALMET)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This article describes a system to provide standard atmospheric soundings in remote oceanic regions. Deployed from an aircraft, the expendable unit descends to within 15 m of the ocean surface on a parachute and then releases a 500-g balloon and ...

Michael A. Bellmore; D. Ray Booker; Ken Winter

1994-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Taming the wind: Aeolian sound practices in Australasia  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The movement of air is a powerful sound generator. Its presence has been perceived and encoded for over 40,000 years in Australia. It is present in natural and humanly organised environments. This paper traces various wind paths, from natural casuarinas ...

Ros Bandt

2003-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Designing acoustically successful work places: a case study assessment of the speech privacy and sound isolation of space having underfloor air distribution systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Sound Insulation in Buildings General Servicesrate the sound insulation properties of building partitions.building element and as such is representative of the maximum sound insulation.

Salter, C.; Waldeck, R.D.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Schlumberger soundings in the Upper Raft River and Raft River Valleys,  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

soundings in the Upper Raft River and Raft River Valleys, soundings in the Upper Raft River and Raft River Valleys, Idaho and Utah Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Report: Schlumberger soundings in the Upper Raft River and Raft River Valleys, Idaho and Utah Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: In 1975, the U.S. Geological Survey made seventy Schlumberger resistivity soundings in the Upper Raft River Valley and in parts of the Raft River Valley. These soundings complement the seventy-nine soundings made previously in the Raft River Valley (Zohdy and others, 1975) and bring the total number of soundings to 149. This work was done as part of a hydrogeologic study of the area. The location, number, and azimuth of all 149 Schlumberger sounding stations are presented. The location of the new

236

The Use of Polar-orbiting Satellite Sounding Data to Estimate Rural Maximum and Minimum Temperatures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Atmospheric sounding products from NOAA's polar-orbiting satellites were used to derive and test predictive equations of rural shelter-level maximum and minimum temperatures. Sounding data from both winter and summer months were combined with ...

Gregory L. Johnson; Jerry M. Davis; Thomas R. Karl; Alan L. McNab; J. Dan Tarpley; Peter Bloomfield

1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Scattering of Sound by Internal Wave Currents: The Relation to Vertical Momentum Flux  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Internal waves scatter sound by two related perturbations: 1) those associated with vertical particle displacements ?(x, y, z, t) in the presence of a vertical gradient of (potential) sound speed (?c = ??zcp); and 2) those associated with ...

W. Munk; P. Worcester; F. Zachariasen

1981-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Comparison of Vertical Soundings and Sidewall Air Temperature Measurements in a Small Alpine Basin  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Tethered balloon soundings from two sites on the floor of a 1-km-diameter limestone sinkhole in the eastern Alps are compared with pseudovertical temperature “soundings” from three lines of temperature dataloggers on the basin's northwest, ...

C. David Whiteman; Stefan Eisenbach; Bernhard Pospichal; Reinhold Steinacker

2004-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Tropical Cyclone Wind Retrievals from the Advanced Microwave Sounding Unit: Application to Surface Wind Analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Horizontal winds at 850 hPa from tropical cyclones retrieved using the nonlinear balance equation, where the mass field was determined from Advanced Microwave Sounding Unit (AMSU) temperature soundings, are compared with the surface wind fields ...

Kotaro Bessho; Mark DeMaria; John A. Knaff

2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

On the Sounding Range of a 1-m Wavelength Radio Acoustic Sounder  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The sounding range of a RASS (Radio Acoustic Sounding System) for remote measurement of the atmospheric thermal profile is determined both by the structural peculiarities of the system (wavelength, size of antennas, acoustic and radar power, etc.)...

G. Bonino; P. Trivero; G. Elisei; A. Marzorati

1989-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "merged sounding vap" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Assessing the Impacts of Proximity Sounding Criteria on the Climatology of Significant Tornado Environments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Proximity sounding studies typically seek to optimize several trade-offs that involve somewhat arbitrary definitions of how to define a “proximity sounding.” More restrictive proximity criteria, which presumably produce results that are more ...

Corey K. Potvin; Kimberly L. Elmore; Steven J. Weiss

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

An Interactive Method for Estimating Maximum Hailstone Size from Forecast Soundings  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A diagnostic/prognostic sounding analysis package is presented to aid operational forecasters. First, a diagnostic sounding analysis is shown which computes standard thermodynamic parameters while including a scheme to estimate the maximum hail ...

James T. Moore; John P. Pino

1990-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

A Baseline Climatology of Sounding-Derived Supercell andTornado Forecast Parameters  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

All of the 0000 UTC soundings from the United States made during the year 1992 that have nonzero convective available potential energy (CAPE) are examined. Soundings are classified as being associated with nonsupercell thunderstorms, supercells ...

Erik N. Rasmussen; David O. Blanchard

1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Can a Mobile Phone in a Pocket Reliably Recognize Ambient Sounds?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We investigate how different locations inside clothing influence the ability of a system to recognize activity relevant sounds. Specifically, we consider the recognition of sounds from 9 household and office appliances recorded using an iPhone placed ...

Tobias Franke; Paul Lukowicz; Kai Kunze; David Bannach

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Sirens to sound for August 14 Y-12 emergency management exercise...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Sirens to sound for August ... Sirens to sound for August 14 Y-12 emergency management exercise Posted: August 8, 2013 - 8:09am OAK RIDGE, Tenn. - Emergency response personnel from...

246

Audemes at work: Investigating features of non-speech sounds to maximize content recognition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To access interactive systems, blind users can leverage their auditory senses by using non-speech sounds. The structure of existing non-speech sounds, however, is geared toward conveying atomic operations at the user interface (e.g., opening a file) ... Keywords: Acoustic, Audeme, Blind, Non-speech sound, Recognition, Visually impaired

Mexhid Ferati; Mark S. Pfaff; Steve Mannheimer; Davide Bolchini

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

MAFOS: A Simple Tool for Monitoring the Performance of RAFOS Sound Sources in the Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A low-cost underwater sound recorder has been developed and tested. It is designed to receive signals from sound sources that serve as navigation aids for RAFOS floats. This moored version of the RAFOS float (MAFOS) can monitor sound sources over ...

Holger König; Kathy L. Schultz Tokos; Walter Zenk

1991-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Heart sound analysis for symptom detection and computer-aided diagnosis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Heart sound analysis for symptom detection and computer-aided diagnosis Todd R. Reed a,*, Nancy E Abstract Heart auscultation (the interpretation by a physician of heart sounds) is a fundamental component for the production of heart sounds, and demonstrate its utility in iden- tifying features useful in diagnosis. We

Reed, Nancy E.

249

Reconstruction of mechanically recorded sound from an edison cylinder using three dimensional non-contact optical surface metrology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recorded Sound from an Edison Cylinder using Threeet al. , “ Optomechanical method of Edison cylinders soundComments on Historical Edison Cylinder Styli ”, Association

Fadeyev, V.; Haber, C.; Maul, C.; McBride, J.W.; Golden, M.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Puget Sound Energy - Multi-Family Efficiency Programs | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

You are here You are here Home » Puget Sound Energy - Multi-Family Efficiency Programs Puget Sound Energy - Multi-Family Efficiency Programs < Back Eligibility Construction Multi-Family Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Appliances & Electronics Manufacturing Heat Pumps Commercial Lighting Lighting Water Heating Windows, Doors, & Skylights Solar Swimming Pool Heaters Program Info State District of Columbia Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Multi-Family Retrofit CFLs: $20/fixture or FREE LEDs: $20- $30 Windows/Sliding Glass Doors: $6 - $8/sq. ft. Insulation: $0.75/sq. ft. In-Unit Water Heater: $50/unit Clothes Washer: $50 - $100 In-Unit Refrigerator: $20 Solar Pool Heater: Not Specified

251

MHK Projects/Ramsey Sound | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sound Sound < MHK Projects Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"500px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"File:Aquamarine-marker.png","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":51.8702,"lon":-5.34299,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"http:\/\/prod-http-80-800498448.us-east-1.elb.amazonaws.com\/w\/images\/7\/74\/Aquamarine-marker.png","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

252

MHK Projects/Eynhallow Sound | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Eynhallow Sound Eynhallow Sound < MHK Projects Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"500px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"File:Aquamarine-marker.png","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":59.15,"lon":-3.11667,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"http:\/\/prod-http-80-800498448.us-east-1.elb.amazonaws.com\/w\/images\/7\/74\/Aquamarine-marker.png","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

253

MHK Projects/Bluemill Sound | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Bluemill Sound Bluemill Sound < MHK Projects Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"500px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"File:Aquamarine-marker.png","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":60.5417,"lon":-1.26222,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"http:\/\/prod-http-80-800498448.us-east-1.elb.amazonaws.com\/w\/images\/7\/74\/Aquamarine-marker.png","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

254

Hobe Sound, Florida: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Hobe Sound, Florida: Energy Resources Hobe Sound, Florida: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 27.059498°, -80.1364323° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":27.059498,"lon":-80.1364323,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

255

Sound Beach, New York: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sound Beach, New York: Energy Resources Sound Beach, New York: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 40.9562099°, -72.9678811° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":40.9562099,"lon":-72.9678811,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

256

MHK Projects/Plymouth Sound | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sound Sound < MHK Projects Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"500px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"File:Aquamarine-marker.png","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":50.3623,"lon":-4.12634,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"http:\/\/prod-http-80-800498448.us-east-1.elb.amazonaws.com\/w\/images\/7\/74\/Aquamarine-marker.png","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

257

Instrument Development Tethered Balloon Sounding System for Vertical Radiation Profiles  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Tethered Balloon Sounding System Tethered Balloon Sounding System for Vertical Radiation Profiles C. D. Whiteman J. M. Alzheimer G. A. Anderson M. R. Garnich W. J. Shaw Pacific Northwest Laboratory Richland, WA 99352 platform is built on a triangular frame identical to the one on the Sky Platform, but the MSP carries no radiometric sensors, control loop, or leveling motors. Rather. the MSP is instrumented to measure the motions to which the Sky Platform will be subjected; the data provide engineering information to be used in the final design of the control loop and structural elements of the Sky Platform. An array of six miniature solid state accelerometers provides the raw data from which balloon motions are determined. Future plans call for the installation of a small attitude gyroscope on the

258

Puget Sound Area Electric Reliability Plan : Final Environmental Impact Statement.  

SciTech Connect

A specific need exists in the Puget Sound area for balance between east-west transmission capacity and the increasing demand to import power generated east of the Cascades. At certain times of the year, and during certain conditions, there is more demand for power in the Puget Sound area than the transmission system and existing generation can reliably supply. This high demand, called peak demand occurs during the winter months when unusually cold weather increases electricity use for heating. The existing power system can supply enough power if no emergencies occur. However, during emergencies the system will not operate properly. As demand grows, the system becomes more strained. To meet demand, the rate of growth of demand must be reduced or the ability to serve the demand must be increased, or both.

United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

1992-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Hydro-Gravitational-Dynamics Interpretation of the Tadpole VV29 Merging Galaxy System: Dark-Matter-Halo-Planet Star-Cluster Wakes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hubble Space telescope (HST) images of merging galaxy system VV29 reveal the 0.3 Mpc baryonic-dark-matter (BDM) halo composed of primordial protoglobularstarcluster (PGC) clumps of planets. Star-cluster-wakes trace the merger by formation of stars from the planets. Aligned young globular star clusters (YGCs), star-wakes and dust-trails show the frictional, spiral passage of galaxy fragments VV29cdef in a long tail-like galaxy (VV29b) as the fragments merge on the accretion disk plane of the central spiral galaxy VV29a. The observations confirm the hydro-gravitational-dynamics (HGD) prediction of Gibson 1996 and quasar microlensing inference of Schild 1996 that the dark matter of galaxies is dominated by planets (PFPs) in million-solar-mass clumps. Globular star clusters (YGCs, OGCs, PGCs) preserve the density of the plasma epoch 30,000 years after the big bang when viscous supercluster-fragmentation began. Tadpole images show linear galaxy clusters reflecting turbulent vortex lines of protogalaxy fragmentation at the 0.003 Mpc Kolmogorov-Nomura scale of the plasma before transition to gas. The halo size indicates strong diffusion of PGC primordial-planet-clumps from a cooling protogalaxy as its planets freeze.

Carl H. Gibson

2008-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

260

Hydro-Gravitational-Dynamics Interpretation of the Tadpole VV29 Merging Galaxy System: Dark-Matter-Halo-Planet Star-Cluster Wakes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hubble Space telescope (HST) images of merging galaxy system VV29 reveal the 0.3 Mpc baryonic-dark-matter (BDM) halo composed of primordial protoglobularstarcluster (PGC) clumps of planets. Star-cluster-wakes trace the merger by formation of stars from the planets. Aligned young globular star clusters (YGCs), star-wakes and dust-trails show the frictional, spiral passage of galaxy fragments VV29cdef in a long tail-like galaxy (VV29b) as the fragments merge on the accretion disk plane of the central spiral galaxy VV29a. The observations confirm the hydro-gravitational-dynamics (HGD) prediction of Gibson 1996 and quasar microlensing inference of Schild 1996 that the dark matter of galaxies is dominated by planets (PFPs) in million-solar-mass clumps. Globular star clusters (YGCs, OGCs, PGCs) preserve the density of the plasma epoch 30,000 years after the big bang when viscous supercluster-fragmentation began. Tadpole images show linear galaxy clusters reflecting turbulent vortex lines of protogalaxy fragmentatio...

Gibson, Carl H

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "merged sounding vap" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

EA-1949: Admiralty Inlet Pilot Tidal Project, Puget Sound, WA  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This EA analyzes the potential environmental effects of a proposal by the Public Utility District No. 1 of Snowhomish County, Washington to construct and operate the Admiralty Inlet Tidal Project. The proposed 680-kilowatt project would be located on the east side of Admiralty Inlet in Puget Sound, Washington, about 1 kilometer west of Whidbey Island, entirely within Island County, Washington. The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) is the lead agency. DOE is a cooperating agency.

262

Zero sound in strange metals with hyperscaling violation from holography  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hyperscaling violating `strange metal' phase of heavy fermion compounds can be described holographically by probe D-branes in the background of a Lifshitz space-time (dynamical exponent $z$ and spatial dimensions $d$) with hyperscaling violation (corresponding exponent $\\theta$). Without the hyperscaling violation, strange metals are known to exhibit zero sound mode for $zheat and the null energy condition of the background dictate that $\\thetaconductivity of the systems and briefly comment on the results.

Parijat Dey; Shibaji Roy

2013-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

263

Indoor sound criteria according to the American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air?Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE)—An introduction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

ASHRAE TC?2.6 Sound and Vibration Controltechnical committee has been activity involved with development

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Electromagnetic soundings over a geothermal reservoir in Dixie Valley, Nevada  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

An electromagnetic (EM) sounding survey was performed over a region encompassing the Dixie Valley geothermal field with the purpose of mapping the subsurface resistivity in the geothermal field and its surroundings. The EM survey consisted of 19 frequency-domain depth soundings made with the EM-60 system using three separate horizontal-loop transmitters, and was designed to explore a narrow region adjacent to the Stillwater Range to a depth of 2 to 3 k. Most sounding curves could be fitted to three-layer resistivity models. The surface layer is moderately conductive (10 to 15 ohm-m), has a maximum thickness of 500 m, and consists mainly of alluvial fan and lake sediments. More conductive zones are associated with hydrothermally altered rocks; a resistivity high may be associated with siliceous hot spring deposits. The conductive second layer (2 to 5 ohm-m) varies in thickness from 400 to 800 m and thickens toward the center of the valley. This layer probably consists of lacustrine sediments saturated with saline waters. Local resistivity lows observed in the second layer may be related to elevated subsurface temperatures. This layer may act as a cap rock for the geothermal system. Resistivities of the third layer are high (50 to 100 ohm-m) except in a narrow 5-km band paralleling the range front. This low-resistivity zone, within volcanic rocks, correlates well in depth and location with reported zones of geothermal fluid production. It also seems to correlate with the western margin of a concealed graben structure previously inferred from other geophysical data.

Wilt, M.J.; Goldstein, N.E.

1983-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Facilitating Sound, Cost-Effective Federal Energy Management (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

This fact sheet is an overview of the U.S. Department of Energy's Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP). The Federal Government, as the nation's largest energy consumer, has a tremendous opportunity and acknowledged responsibility to lead by example. The U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) plays a critical role in this effort. FEMP facilitates the Federal Government's implementation of sound, cost-effective energy management and investment practices to enhance the nation's energy security and environmental stewardship. FEMP does this by focusing on the needs of its Federal customers, delivering an array of services across a variety of program areas.

Not Available

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

LEE-0152 - In the Matter of Sound Oil Company | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

LEE-0152 - In the Matter of Sound Oil Company LEE-0152 - In the Matter of Sound Oil Company LEE-0152 - In the Matter of Sound Oil Company On August 16, 1994, Sound Oil Company (Sound) of Seattle Washington, filed an Application for Exception with the Office of Hearings and Appeals of the Department of Energy. In its Application, Sound requests that it be relieved of the requirement that it file the Energy Information Administration's (EIA) form entitled "Resellers'/Retailers' Monthly Petroleum Product Sales Report" (Form EIA-782B). As explained below, we have determined that the Application for Exception should be denied. lee0152.pdf More Documents & Publications OHA EIA CASES ARCHIVE FILE TEE-0068 - In the Matter of Bowlin Travel Centers, Inc. VEE-0030 - In the Matter of Lee Oil Company

267

Schlumberger soundings in the Upper Raft River and Raft River Valleys, Idaho and Utah  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In 1975, the U.S. Geological Survey made seventy Schlumberger resistivity soundings in the Upper Raft River Valley and in parts of the Raft River Valley. These soundings complement the seventy-nine soundings made previously in the Raft River Valley (Zohdy and others, 1975) and bring the total number of soundings to 149. This work was done as part of a hydrogeologic study of the area. The location, number, and azimuth of all 149 Schlumberger sounding stations are presented. The location of the new stations is shown with solid circles, whereas the location of the previous stations is shown with open circles. The new stations are numbered from 201 to 270. The data and interpretation of the new soundings are presented.

Zohdy, A.A.R.; Bisdorf, R.J.

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Shaking things up: young infants' use of sound information for object individuation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Object individuation, the capacity to determine whether two perceptual encounters belong to the same object or two different objects, is one of the most basic cognitive abilities and provides a foundation for infants’ understanding of the physical world. Yet very little work has been done to explore infants’ use of auditory information to individuate objects. The first research to investigate infants’ use of sound information to individuate objects was reported by Wilcox et al. (2006), who used a violation-ofexpectation task to examine the extent to which 4.5-month-olds use differences in sound to individuate objects. The results suggested that 4.5-month-olds use property-rich sounds (sounds intimately related to an objects’ physical, amodal properties) but not property-poor sounds (sounds that are more contrived) to distinguish the identity of objects involved in occlusion events. The current study investigated infants’ sensitivity to these two types of sounds within the context of a search task. Three experiments were conducted with infants aged 5 to 7 months. The outcome of these experiments builds and extends on the findings of Wilcox et al. in three ways. First, converging evidence was obtained, using a search task, that young infants are more sensitive to property-rich than property-poor sounds. Second, more detailed information was obtained on infants’ interpretation of samesounds events (two identical, rather than two different, sounds). Finally, possible explanations for infants’ greater sensitivity to property-rich sounds were assessed. The outcome of these studies, collectively, provides insight into the types of sounds that infants use to identify objects and the reasons why some sounds are more salient to infants than others.

Smith, Tracy Rebecca

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Puget Sound Clean Cities Coalition | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Coalition Coalition Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Puget Sound Clean Cities Coalition Name Puget Sound Clean Cities Coalition Address 1904 Third Avenue Place Seattle, Washington Zip 98101 Region Pacific Northwest Area Website http://www.pugetsoundcleanciti Notes Public/private partnership that works to advance environmental and public health, energy security and economic development Coordinates 47.6117208°, -122.3396565° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":47.6117208,"lon":-122.3396565,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

270

Resonances of Chindon-ya: Sound, Space, and Social Difference in Contemporary Japan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fairytales Part I: Magicians of Sound: From Brass Bands toChindon-ya Brass Bands: Dscipling the National BodyMusic Jinta as Japanized Brass Band: Accidental Heterophony

Abe, Marié

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Diffused paradigms: musical depictions of biodegradation, refraction of sound, and memory deterioration in Sorensen's Sterbende Garten.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??In Sterbende Gärten (Decaying or Dying Gardens) Bent Sørensen employs specific compositional methods in order to depict biodegradation of plants, refraction of sound, and memory… (more)

Thomas, Brian David

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

DOE Tech. Memo. ARM VAP-002.1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

RF mismatch. 2.6 Antenna The antenna is a fixed position, vertically pointing parabolic dish with a rearmounted feed and Casegrain sub-reflector. A 10-foot diameter antenna,...

273

ARM AOS Processing Status and Aerosol Intensive Properties VAP  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Andrews, and P. J. Sheridan National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Boulder, Colorado Abstract The Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Aerosol Observing System (AOS)...

274

How Pemex will develop Campeche Sound. [Gulf of Mexico  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

While many OPEC nations are cutting production in the current so-called ''oil glut '', Mexico is moving at top speed to increase oil and gas production - principally the light crude from Campeche Sound. To boost output from the Gulf of Mexico oil giant, Pemex is drilling 54 development wells and installing 29 platforms in Campeche this year. Seven of the platforms will handle the growing gas production, where Pemex has been flaring 500 MMcfd of gas offshore. This gas will be moved ashore via 47 platforms and 36-in-dia pipe lines now being installed. Two of the seven gas platforms now being installed are among the world's largest. They are designed to handle 400 MMcfd of gas each - twice the capacity of the largest gas platforms operating in the North Sea.

Not Available

1981-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Facilitating Sound, Cost-Effective Federal Energy Management (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

This fact sheet is an overview of the U.S. Department of Energy's Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP). The Federal Government, as the nation's largest energy consumer, has a tremendous opportunity and acknowledged responsibility to lead by example. The U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) plays a critical role in this effort. FEMP facilitates the Federal Government's implementation of sound, cost-effective energy management and investment practices to enhance the nation's energy security and environmental stewardship. FEMP does this by focusing on the needs of its Federal customers, delivering an array of services across a variety of program areas.

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Sound-Based ranging system in greenhouse environment with multipath effect compensation using artificial neural network  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this study, sound-based ranging system in greenhouse environment with compensation of measurement error caused by multipath effect using Artificial Neural Network (ANN) was proposed. Greenhouse environment has special characteristic which is different ... Keywords: ANN, greenhouse, multipath effect, sound-based ranging system

Slamet Widodo; Tomoo Shiigi; Naing Min Than; Yuichi Ogawa; Naoshi Kondo

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Visualizing Audio in a First-Person Shooter With Directional Sound Display  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Visualizing Audio in a First-Person Shooter With Directional Sound Display Alexandra Holloway the design of DSD with a task- centered paradigm, building the system around providing directional of visualizing sound in three ways: pitch, intensity, and direction. In a pilot study, we found that participants

California at Santa Cruz, University of

278

Balloon-borne sounding system (BBSS): Vaisala-processed winds, press., temp, and RH  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

Balloon-borne sounding system (BBSS): Vaisala-processed winds, press., temp, and RH. The balloon-borne sounding system (SONDE) provides in situ measurements (vertical profiles) of both the thermodynamic state of the atmosphere, and the wind speed and direction.

Coulter,Richard; Ritsche,Michael

279

An Evaluation of the WOTAN Technique of Inferring Oceanic Winds from Underwater Ambient Sound  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The potential of the WOTAN technique to estimate oceanic winds from underwater ambient sound is thoroughly evaluated. Anemometer winds and sound spectrum levels at 11 frequencies in the range 3–25 kHz from the FASINEX Experiment are used to ...

Svein Vagle; William G. Large; David M. Farmer

1990-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

The Impact of Satellite Soundings on the Numerical Forecasts of the Israel Meteorological Service  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Experiments with the numerical models of the Israel Meteorological Service show that the impact of satellite soundings can be substantial but depends on how the soundings are used by the models. The quasi-optimum use of satellite data in defining ...

A. Thomasell Jr.; A. Gruber; H. Brodrick; N. Wolfson; Z. Alperson

1986-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "merged sounding vap" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Manta Wings: Wave Energy Testing Floats to Puget Sound | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Manta Wings: Wave Energy Testing Floats to Puget Sound Manta Wings: Wave Energy Testing Floats to Puget Sound Manta Wings: Wave Energy Testing Floats to Puget Sound August 6, 2010 - 11:27am Addthis The 1:15 scale prototype being lowered into the wave flume at Oregon State University's O.H. Hinsdale Wave Research Laboratory | Photo courtesy of Columbia Power The 1:15 scale prototype being lowered into the wave flume at Oregon State University's O.H. Hinsdale Wave Research Laboratory | Photo courtesy of Columbia Power Lindsay Gsell Columbia Power Technologies plans to test an intermediate-scale version of its wave energy converter device in Puget Sound later this year. After the successful control tests, the company will move testing to open water in Puget Sound this fall. Columbia will test the intermediate 1:7

282

Sound Project Management, Safe and Efficient Work Lead to Savings for More  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Sound Project Management, Safe and Efficient Work Lead to Savings Sound Project Management, Safe and Efficient Work Lead to Savings for More Recovery Act Cleanup Sound Project Management, Safe and Efficient Work Lead to Savings for More Recovery Act Cleanup Sound management practices and safe, efficient work have led to cost savings and rapid progress in the Idaho site's American Recovery and Reinvestment Act projects. The efficiencies have freed up $12 million for additional Cold War cleanup. That $12 million from the Recovery Act is being used to exhume targeted buried waste from a quarter-acre portion of a landfill called Pit 9 so it can be disposed permanently and safely. Sound Project Management, Safe and Efficient Work Lead to Savings for More Recovery Act Cleanup More Documents & Publications Idaho Site Completes Cleanup with Help from Workers who Shipped Waste

283

Sound Project Management, Safe and Efficient Work Lead to Savings for More  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Sound Project Management, Safe and Efficient Work Lead to Savings Sound Project Management, Safe and Efficient Work Lead to Savings for More Recovery Act Cleanup Sound Project Management, Safe and Efficient Work Lead to Savings for More Recovery Act Cleanup Sound management practices and safe, efficient work have led to cost savings and rapid progress in the Idaho site's American Recovery and Reinvestment Act projects. The efficiencies have freed up $12 million for additional Cold War cleanup. That $12 million from the Recovery Act is being used to exhume targeted buried waste from a quarter-acre portion of a landfill called Pit 9 so it can be disposed permanently and safely. Sound Project Management, Safe and Efficient Work Lead to Savings for More Recovery Act Cleanup More Documents & Publications Idaho Site Completes Cleanup with Help from Workers who Shipped Waste

284

Sound speed in liquid–gas mixtures: Water–air and water  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The sound speed of a two-phase fluid, such as a magma-gas, water-air, or water-steam mixture, is dramatically different from the sound speed of either pure component. In numerous geologic situations the sound speed of such two-phase systems may be of interest: in the search for magma reservoirs, in seismic exploration of geothermal areas, in prediction of P wave velocity decreases prior to earthquakes, and in inversion of crustal and upper mantle seismic records. Probably most dramatically, fluid flow characteristics during eruptions of volcanoes and geysers are strongly dependent on the sound speed of erupting two-phase (or multiphase) fluids. In this paper the sound speeds of water, air, steam, water-air mixtures, and water-steam mixtures are calculated. It is demonstrated that sound speeds calculated from classical acoustic and fluid dynamics analyses agree with results obtained from finite amplitude 'vaporization wave ' theory. To the extent that air and steam are represented as perfect gases with an adiabatic exponent •, independent of temperature, their sound speeds vary in a simple manner directly with the square root of the absolute temperature. The sound speed of pure liquid water is a complex function of pressure and temperature and is given here to 8 kbar, 900øC. In pure water at all pressures the sound speed attains a maximum value near 100øC and decreases at higher temperatures; at high pressures the decrease is continuous, but at pressures below 1 kbar the sound speed reaches a minimum value in the

Susan Werner Kieffer

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

System and method for characterizing synthesizing and/or canceling out acoustic signals from inanimate sound sources  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A system and method for characterizing, synthesizing, and/or canceling out acoustic signals from inanimate sound sources is disclosed. Propagating wave electromagnetic sensors monitor excitation sources in sound producing systems, such as machines, musical instruments, and various other structures. Acoustical output from these sound producing systems is also monitored. From such information, a transfer function characterizing the sound producing system is generated. From the transfer function, acoustical output from the sound producing system may be synthesized or canceled. The methods disclosed enable accurate calculation of matched transfer functions relating specific excitations to specific acoustical outputs. Knowledge of such signals and functions can be used to effect various sound replication, sound source identification, and sound cancellation applications.

Holzrichter, John F. (Berkeley, CA); Burnett, Greg C. (Livermore, CA); Ng, Lawrence C. (Danville, CA)

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

System and method for characterizing, synthesizing, and/or canceling out acoustic signals from inanimate sound sources  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A system and method for characterizing, synthesizing, and/or canceling out acoustic signals from inanimate sound sources is disclosed. Propagating wave electromagnetic sensors monitor excitation sources in sound producing systems, such as machines, musical instruments, and various other structures. Acoustical output from these sound producing systems is also monitored. From such information, a transfer function characterizing the sound producing system is generated. From the transfer function, acoustical output from the sound producing system may be synthesized or canceled. The methods disclosed enable accurate calculation of matched transfer functions relating specific excitations to specific acoustical outputs. Knowledge of such signals and functions can be used to effect various sound replication, sound source identification, and sound cancellation applications.

Holzrichter, John F. (Berkeley, CA); Burnett, Greg C. (Livermore, CA); Ng, Lawrence C. (Danville, CA)

2007-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

287

Sound temporal envelope and time-patterns of activity in the human auditory pathway : an fMRI study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The temporal envelope of sound strongly influences the intelligibility of speech, pattern analysis, and the grouping of sequential stimuli. This thesis examined the coding of sound temporal envelope in the time-patterns ...

Harms, Michael Patrick, 1972-

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

The Impact of Satellite Soundings on the National Meteorological Center's Analysis and Forecast System—The Data Systems Test Results  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In order to assess the value of remote sounding data for numerical weather prediction, parallel sets of analyses were produced with (SAT) and without (NOSAT) the sounding data from the experimental Nimbus-6 and operational NOAA-4 satellites for ...

M. S. Tracton; A. J. Desmarais; R. J. Van Haaren; R. D. McPherson

1980-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

System and method for characterizing, synthesizing, and/or canceling out acoustic signals from inanimate sound sources  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A system and method for characterizing, synthesizing, and/or canceling out acoustic signals from inanimate sound sources is disclosed. Propagating wave electromagnetic sensors monitor excitation sources in sound producing systems, such as machines, musical instruments, and various other structures. Acoustical output from these sound producing systems is also monitored. From such information, a transfer function characterizing the sound producing system is generated. From the transfer function, acoustical output from the sound producing system may be synthesized or canceled. The methods disclosed enable accurate calculation of matched transfer functions relating specific excitations to specific acoustical outputs. Knowledge of such signals and functions can be used to effect various sound replication, sound source identification, and sound cancellation applications.

Holzrichter, John F; Burnett, Greg C; Ng, Lawrence C

2013-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

290

Covariance of dark energy parameters and sound speed constraints from large HI surveys  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An interesting probe of the nature of dark energy is the measure of its sound speed, $c_s$. We review the significance for constraining sound speed models of dark energy using large neutral hydrogen (HI) surveys with the Square Kilometre Array (SKA). Our analysis considers the effect on the sound speed measurement that arises from the covariance of $c_s$ with the dark energy density, $\\Omega_\\LLambda$, and a time-varying equation of state, $w(a)=w_0+(1-a)w_a$. We find that the approximate degeneracy between dark energy parameters that arises in power spectrum observations is lifted through redshift tomography of the HI-galaxy angular power spectrum, resulting in sound speed constraints that are not severely degraded. The cross-correlation of the galaxy and the integrated Sachs-Wolfe (ISW) effect spectra contributes approximately 10 percent of the information that is needed to distinguish variations in the dark energy parameters, and most of the discriminating signal comes from the galaxy auto-correlation spectrum. We also find that the sound speed constraints are weakly sensitive to the HI bias model. These constraints do not improve substantially for a significantly deeper HI survey since most of the clustering sensitivity to sound speed variations arises from $z \\lsim 1.5$. A detection of models with sound speeds close to zero, $c_s \\lsim 0.01,$ is possible for dark energy models with $w\\gsim -0.9$.

A. Torres-Rodriguez; C. M. Cress; K. Moodley

2008-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

291

Puget Sound Clean Air Agency | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Air Agency Air Agency Jump to: navigation, search Name Puget Sound Clean Air Agency Address 1904 Third Avenue Place Seattle, Washington Zip 98101 Region Pacific Northwest Area Website http://www.pscleanair.org/ Notes Special-purpose, regional agency chartered by state law to protect public health, improve neighborhood air quality and reduce greenhouse gases Coordinates 47.6117208°, -122.3396565° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":47.6117208,"lon":-122.3396565,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

292

Design and implementation of an underwater sound recording device  

SciTech Connect

To monitor the underwater sound and pressure waves generated by activities such as underwater blasting and pile driving, an autonomous system used to record underwater acoustic signals was designed. The device designed allows two hydrophones or other dynamic pressure sensors to be connected, filters out high frequency noise, has a gain that can be independently set for each sensor, and allows two hours of data to be collected. Two versions of the USR were created; one is submersible to a maximum depth of 300 m, and the other, although watertight, is not intended to be fully submersed. Tests were performed in the laboratory using a data acquisition system to send single-frequency sinusoidal voltages directly to the each component. These tests verified that the device performs as well as larger commercially available data acquisition systems, which are not suited for field use. A prototype of the device was used in a case study to investigate the effect of underwater rock blasting on juvenile Chinook salmon and rainbow trout. The case study demonstrated that the device was able to tolerate being operated in harsh environments, making it a valuable tool for collecting field measurements.

Martinez, Jayson J.; Myers, Joshua R.; Carlson, Thomas J.; Deng, Zhiqun; Rohrer, John S.; Caviggia, Kurt A.; Woodley, Christa M.; Weiland, Mark A.

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Study of the Acoustic Effects of Hydrokinetic Tidal Turbines in Admiralty Inlet, Puget Sound  

SciTech Connect

Hydrokinetic turbines will be a source of noise in the marine environment - both during operation and during installation/removal. High intensity sound can cause injury or behavioral changes in marine mammals and may also affect fish and invertebrates. These noise effects are, however, highly dependent on the individual marine animals; the intensity, frequency, and duration of the sound; and context in which the sound is received. In other words, production of sound is a necessary, but not sufficient, condition for an environmental impact. At a workshop on the environmental effects of tidal energy development, experts identified sound produced by turbines as an area of potentially significant impact, but also high uncertainty. The overall objectives of this project are to improve our understanding of the potential acoustic effects of tidal turbines by: (1) Characterizing sources of existing underwater noise; (2) Assessing the effectiveness of monitoring technologies to characterize underwater noise and marine mammal responsiveness to noise; (3) Evaluating the sound profile of an operating tidal turbine; and (4) Studying the effect of turbine sound on surrogate species in a laboratory environment. This study focuses on a specific case study for tidal energy development in Admiralty Inlet, Puget Sound, Washington (USA), but the methodologies and results are applicable to other turbine technologies and geographic locations. The project succeeded in achieving the above objectives and, in doing so, substantially contributed to the body of knowledge around the acoustic effects of tidal energy development in several ways: (1) Through collection of data from Admiralty Inlet, established the sources of sound generated by strong currents (mobilizations of sediment and gravel) and determined that low-frequency sound recorded during periods of strong currents is non-propagating pseudo-sound. This helped to advance the debate within the marine and hydrokinetics acoustic community as to whether strong currents produce propagating sound. (2) Analyzed data collected from a tidal turbine operating at the European Marine Energy Center to develop a profile of turbine sound and developed a framework to evaluate the acoustic effects of deploying similar devices in other locations. This framework has been applied to Public Utility District No. 1 of Snohomish Country's demonstration project in Admiralty Inlet to inform postinstallation acoustic and marine mammal monitoring plans. (3) Demonstrated passive acoustic techniques to characterize the ambient noise environment at tidal energy sites (fixed, long-term observations recommended) and characterize the sound from anthropogenic sources (drifting, short-term observations recommended). (4) Demonstrated the utility and limitations of instrumentation, including bottom mounted instrumentation packages, infrared cameras, and vessel monitoring systems. In doing so, also demonstrated how this type of comprehensive information is needed to interpret observations from each instrument (e.g., hydrophone data can be combined with vessel tracking data to evaluate the contribution of vessel sound to ambient noise). (5) Conducted a study that suggests harbor porpoise in Admiralty Inlet may be habituated to high levels of ambient noise due to omnipresent vessel traffic. The inability to detect behavioral changes associated with a high intensity source of opportunity (passenger ferry) has informed the approach for post-installation marine mammal monitoring. (6) Conducted laboratory exposure experiments of juvenile Chinook salmon and showed that exposure to a worse than worst case acoustic dose of turbine sound does not result in changes to hearing thresholds or biologically significant tissue damage. Collectively, this means that Chinook salmon may be at a relatively low risk of injury from sound produced by tidal turbines located in or near their migration path. In achieving these accomplishments, the project has significantly advanced the District's goals of developing a demonstration-scale tidal energy proj

Brian Polagye; Jim Thomson; Chris Bassett; Jason Wood; Dom Tollit; Robert Cavagnaro; Andrea Copping

2012-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

294

Control of Toxic Chemicals in Puget Sound, Phase 3: Study of Atmospheric Deposition of Air Toxics to the Surface of Puget Sound  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The results of the Phase 1 Toxics Loading study suggested that runoff from the land surface and atmospheric deposition directly to marine waters have resulted in considerable loads of contaminants to Puget Sound (Hart Crowser et al. 2007). The limited data available for atmospheric deposition fluxes throughout Puget Sound was recognized as a significant data gap. Therefore, this study provided more recent or first reported atmospheric deposition fluxes of PAHs, PBDEs, and select trace elements for Puget Sound. Samples representing bulk atmospheric deposition were collected during 2008 and 2009 at seven stations around Puget Sound spanning from Padilla Bay south to Nisqually River including Hood Canal and the Straits of Juan de Fuca. Revised annual loading estimates for atmospheric deposition to the waters of Puget Sound were calculated for each of the toxics and demonstrated an overall decrease in the atmospheric loading estimates except for polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) and total mercury (THg). The median atmospheric deposition flux of total PBDE (7.0 ng/m2/d) was higher than that of the Hart Crowser (2007) Phase 1 estimate (2.0 ng/m2/d). The THg was not significantly different from the original estimates. The median atmospheric deposition flux for pyrogenic PAHs (34.2 ng/m2/d; without TCB) shows a relatively narrow range across all stations (interquartile range: 21.2- 61.1 ng/m2/d) and shows no influence of season. The highest median fluxes for all parameters were measured at the industrial location in Tacoma and the lowest were recorded at the rural sites in Hood Canal and Sequim Bay. Finally, a semi-quantitative apportionment study permitted a first-order characterization of source inputs to the atmosphere of the Puget Sound. Both biomarker ratios and a principal component analysis confirmed regional data from the Puget Sound and Straits of Georgia region and pointed to the predominance of biomass and fossil fuel (mostly liquid petroleum products such as gasoline and/or diesel) combustion as source inputs of combustion by-products to the atmosphere of the region and subsequently to the waters of Puget Sound.

Brandenberger, Jill M.; Louchouarn, Patrick; Kuo, Li-Jung; Crecelius, Eric A.; Cullinan, Valerie I.; Gill, Gary A.; Garland, Charity R.; Williamson, J. B.; Dhammapala, R.

2010-07-05T23:59:59.000Z

295

A Methodology for Predicting the Puget Sound Convergence Zone and Its Associated Weather  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Puget Sound Convergence Zone (PSCZ) is a terrain-induced mesoscale phenomenon that occurs in western Washington and has a dramatic impact on local weather. This paper presents the operational forecasting techniques that are used at the ...

William M. Whitney; Robert L. Doherty; Bradley R. Colman

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

A mechanically verified, sound and complete theorem prover for first order logic  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a system of first order logic, together with soundness and completeness proofs wrt. standard first order semantics. Proofs are mechanised in Isabelle/HOL. Our definitions are computable, allowing us to derive an algorithm to test for first ...

Tom Ridge; James Margetson

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Evaluation of SSMIS Upper Atmosphere Sounding Channels for High-Altitude Data Assimilation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Upper atmosphere sounding (UAS) channels of the Special Sensor Microwave Imager/Sounder (SSMIS) were assimilated using a high-altitude version of the Navy Global Environmental Model (NAVGEM) in order to investigate their potential for operational ...

Karl W. Hoppel; Stephen D. Eckermann; Lawrence Coy; Gerald E. Nedoluha; Douglas R. Allen; Steven D. Swadley; Nancy L. Baker

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Assimilation of DMSP and TOVS Satellite Soundings in a Mesoscale Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A modeling investigation explores the impacts of the assimilation of satellite-retrieved soundings on forecast error in the Fifth-Generation Pennsylvania State University–National Center for Atmospheric Research Mesoscale Model (MM5). Simulations ...

Jordan G. Powers; Kun Gao

2000-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Assessment of VAS Soundings in the Analysis of a Preconvective Environment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Retrievals from the VISSR Atmospheric Sounder (VAS) an combined with conventional data to assess the impact of geosynchronous satellite soundings upon the analysis of a pre-convective environment over the central United States on 13 July 1981. ...

Anthony Mostek; Louis W. Uccellini; Ralph A. Petersen; Dennis Chesters

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

EA-1949: Admiralty Inlet Pilot Tidal Project, Puget Sound, WA | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

49: Admiralty Inlet Pilot Tidal Project, Puget Sound, WA 49: Admiralty Inlet Pilot Tidal Project, Puget Sound, WA EA-1949: Admiralty Inlet Pilot Tidal Project, Puget Sound, WA SUMMARY This EA analyzes the potential environmental effects of a proposal by the Public Utility District No. 1 of Snowhomish County, Washington to construct and operate the Admiralty Inlet Tidal Project. The proposed 680-kilowatt project would be located on the east side of Admiralty Inlet in Puget Sound, Washington, about 1 kilometer west of Whidbey Island, entirely within Island County, Washington. The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) is the lead agency. DOE is a cooperating agency. PUBLIC COMMENT OPPORTUNITIES None available at this time. DOCUMENTS AVAILABLE FOR DOWNLOAD August 9, 2013 EA-1949: FERC Notice of Availability Errata Sheet

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "merged sounding vap" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

A battery-free tag for wireless monitoring of heart sounds  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have developed a wearable, battery-free tag that monitors heart sounds. The tag powers up by harvesting ambient RF energy, and contains a low-power integrated circuit, an antenna and up to four microphones. The chip, ...

Mandal, Soumyajit

302

Spatial Forecasts of Maximum Hail Size Using Prognostic Model Soundings and HAILCAST  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Forecasting the occurrence of hail and the maximum hail size is a challenging problem. This paper investigates the feasibility of producing maps of the forecast maximum hail size over the Canadian prairies using 12-h prognostic soundings from an ...

Julian C. Brimelow; Gerhard W. Reuter; Ron Goodson; Terrence W. Krauss

2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Current Patterns in the Inner Sound (Pentland Firth) from Underway ADCP Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Numerous acoustic Doppler current profiler (ADCP) surveys were performed in the Inner Sound of the Pentland Firth, a channel between the Orkney Islands and the northern coast of Scotland connecting the Atlantic Ocean to the west and the North Sea ...

Lonneke Goddijn-Murphy; David K. Woolf; Matthew C. Easton

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Difficulties in Obtaining Reliable Temperature Trends: Reconciling the Surface and Satellite Microwave Sounding Unit Records  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A chronic difficulty in obtaining reliable climate records from satellites has been changes in instruments, platforms, equator-crossing times, and algorithms. The microwave sounding unit (MSU) tropospheric temperature record has overcome some of ...

James W. Hurrell; Kevin E. Trenberth

1998-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Mobile Sounding Observations of Lake-Effect Snowbands in Western and Central New York  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Measurements of the thermodynamic environments in the vicinity of lake-effect snowbands were obtained during the winter of 1987/88, using portable radiosonde equipment. During the experimental period, a total of 17 soundings were launched on ten ...

Gregory P. Byrd; Richard A. Anstett; Joseph E. Heim; David M. Usinski

1991-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Puget Sound Area Electric Reliability Plan. Appendix B : Local Generation Evaluation : Draft Environmental Impact Statement.  

SciTech Connect

The information and data contained in this Appendix was extracted from numerous sources. The principle sources used for technical data were Bonneville Power Administration's 1990 Resource Program along with its technical appendix, and Chapter 8 of the Draft 1991 Northwest Conservation and Electric Power Plan. All cost data is reported 1988 dollars unless otherwise noted. This information was supplemented by other data developed by Puget Sound utilities who participated on the Local Generation Team. Identifying generating resources available to the Puget Sound area involved a five step process: (1) listing all possible resources that might contribute power to the Puget Sound area, (2) characterizing the technology/resource status, cost and operating characteristics of these resources, (3) identifying exclusion criteria based on the needs of the overall Puget Sound Electric Reliability Plan study, (4) applying these criteria to the list of resources, and (5) summarizing of the costs and characteristics of the final list of resources. 15 refs., 20 tabs.

United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

1991-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Stimulated Brillouin Scattering: Effect of Sound Absorption on Hypersonic Velocity Measurements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The frequency spectrum of a sound wave generated by photon?phonon interactions is that of a damped harmonic oscillator with the shifted peak sharpened but not displaced by nonlinear amplification. Hence

Victor A. Solovyev; Norman R. Goldblatt; C. J. Montrose

1968-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

The Integrated Sounding System: Description and Preliminary Observations from TOGA COARE  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An Integrated Sounding System (ISS) that combines state-of- the-art remote and in situ sensors into a single transportable facility has been developed jointly by the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) and the Aeronomy laboratory of ...

David Parsons; Walter Dabberdt; Harold Cole; Terrence Hock; Charles Martin; Anne-Leslie Barrett; Erik Miller; Michael Spowart; Michael Howard; Warner Ecklund; David Carter; Kenneth Gage; John Wilson

1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Inversion for subbottom sound velocity profiles in the deep and shallow ocean  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis investigates the application of acoustic measurements in the deep and shallow ocean to infer the sound velocity profile (svp) in the seabed. For the deep water ocean, an exact method based on the Gelfand-Levitan ...

Souza, Luiz Alberto Lopes de

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

The Impact of Satellite Sounding Data on the Systematic Error of a Numerical Weather Prediction Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The impact of satellite sounding data on the systematic errors of the numerical weather prediction model of the Israel Meteorological Service has been investigated. In general, satellite data have been shown to reduce systematic error, and in ...

Noah Wolfson; Albert Thomasell; Arnold Gruber; George Ohring

1985-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Comparison of Tropospheric Temperature Derived from the Microwave Sounding Unit and the National Meteorological Center Analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Microwave Sounding Units (MSU) aboard the NOAA series of polar-orbiting satellites (TIROS-N to NOAA-12) have provided stable and precise measurements of vertically integrated atmospheric temperature since December 1978. Comparisons are made ...

Alan N. Basist; Chester F. Ropelewski; Norman C. Grody

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Parameterization of Surface Heat Fluxes above Forest with Satellite Thermal Sensing and Boundary-Layer Soundings  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Satellite-derived surface temperature measurements can be used in conjunction with temperature and wind soundings in the boundary layer to determine the surface sensible heat flux from forests at the regional scale. The underlying formulation is ...

Wilfried Brutsaert; A. Y. Hsu; Thomas J. Schmugge

1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Combined Atmospheric Sounding/Cloud Imagery—A New Forecasting Tool  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A method for displaying sounding and cloud information in a composite image is described. Examples are shown to illustrate how a forecaster may use a time sequence of these images to monitor changes in atmospheric moisture and stability ...

William L. Smith; Gary S. Wade; Harold M. Woolf

1985-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

SoundStrand : a tangible interface for composing music with limited degrees of freedom  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis presents SoundStrand, a novel tangible interface for composing music. A new paradigm is also presented - one that allows for music composition with limited degrees of freedom, and therefore is well suited for ...

Shahar, Eyal

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

On-orbit radiometric validation and field-of-view calibration of spaceborne microwave sounding instruments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Two calibration/validation efforts planned for current and future spaceborne microwave sounding instruments will be presented. First, the NPOESS Aircraft Sounder Testbed-Microwave (NAST-M) airborne sensor is used to directly ...

Blackwell, William J.

316

Federal Power Act section 202(c) - Cross-Sound Cable Company, August 2002  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

On August 16, 2002, due to concerns regarding the availability of electricity on Long Island in the State of New York, a 202(c) order was issued directing Cross-Sound Cable Company to operate the...

317

Improvement of Advanced Microwave Sounding Unit Tropical Cyclone Intensity and Size Estimation Algorithms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Previous work, in which Advanced Microwave Sounding Unit (AMSU) data from the Atlantic Ocean and east Pacific Ocean basins during 1999–2001 were used to provide objective estimates of 1-min maximum sustained surface winds, minimum sea level ...

Julie L. Demuth; Mark DeMaria; John A. Knaff

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Error Structure and Atmospheric Temperature Trends in Observations from the Microwave Sounding Unit  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Microwave Sounding Unit (MSU) onboard the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration polar-orbiting satellites measures the atmospheric temperature from the surface to the lower stratosphere under all weather conditions, excluding ...

Cheng-Zhi Zou; Mei Gao; Mitchell D. Goldberg

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

The Objective Use of Upper Air Soundings to Specify Precipitation Type  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Linear screening regression is used to derive relationships between parameters computed from observed upper air soundings (RAOBS) and concurrent observations of precipitation type. Precipitation type is defined as three categories: liquid (rain ...

Joseph R. Bocchieri

1980-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Forecasting Tornadic Thunderstorm Potential in Alberta Using Environmental Sounding Data. Part I: Wind Shear and Buoyancy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study investigates, for Alberta, Canada, whether observed sounding parameters such as wind shear and buoyant energy can be used to help distinguish between thunderstorms with significant (F2–F5) tornadoes, thunderstorms with weak (F0–F1) ...

Max L. Dupilka; Gerhard W. Reuter

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "merged sounding vap" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Puget Sound Area Electric Reliability Plan. Appendix B : Local Generation Evaluation : Draft Environmental Impact Statement.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The information and data contained in this Appendix was extracted from numerous sources. The principle sources used for technical data were Bonneville Power Administration's 1990 Resource Program along with its technical appendix, and Chapter 8 of the Draft 1991 Northwest Conservation and Electric Power Plan. All cost data is reported 1988 dollars unless otherwise noted. This information was supplemented by other data developed by Puget Sound utilities who participated on the Local Generation Team. Identifying generating resources available to the Puget Sound area involved a five step process: (1) listing all possible resources that might contribute power to the Puget Sound area, (2) characterizing the technology/resource status, cost and operating characteristics of these resources, (3) identifying exclusion criteria based on the needs of the overall Puget Sound Electric Reliability Plan study, (4) applying these criteria to the list of resources, and (5) summarizing of the costs and characteristics of the final list of resources. 15 refs., 20 tabs.

United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

1991-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

A Verification of Numerical Model Forecasts for Sounding-Derived Indices above Udine, Northeast Italy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this work, 40 different indices derived from real soundings and the corresponding ECMWF model forecasts for the same location (near Udine, northeast Italy) are compared. This comparison is repeated for more than 500 days, from June 2004 to ...

Agostino Manzato

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Classifying Proximity Soundings with Self-Organizing Maps toward Improving Supercell and Tornado Forecasting  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The self-organizing map (SOM) statistical technique is applied to vertical profiles of thermodynamic and kinematic parameters from a Rapid Update Cycle-2 (RUC-2) proximity sounding dataset with the goal of better distinguishing and predicting ...

Christopher J. Nowotarski; Anders A. Jensen

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

New Studies Portray Unbalanced Perspective on Biofuels DOE Committed to Environmentally Sound Biofuels Development  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

New Studies Portray Unbalanced Perspective on Biofuels DOE Committed to Environmentally Sound Biofuels Development DOE Response based on contributions from Office of Biomass Program; Argonne National, Hill, Tilman, Polasky and Hawthorne study ("Land Clearing and the Biofuel Carbon Debt") claims

Minnesota, University of

325

Retrieval of Ice Cloud Parameters Using the Advanced Microwave Sounding Unit  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An algorithm is developed to derive cloud ice water path (IWP) and ice particle effective diameters De from the advanced microwave sounding unit (AMSU) measurements. In the algorithm, both IWP and De are related to the ice particle scattering ...

Limin Zhao; Fuzhong Weng

2002-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Satellite Analysis of Tropical Cyclones Using the Advanced Microwave Sounding Unit (AMSU)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The first Advanced Microwave Sounding Unit (AMSU) was launched aboard the NOAA—15 satellite on 13 May 1998. The AMSU is well suited for the observation of tropical cyclones because its measurements are not significantly affected by the ice clouds ...

Stanley Q. Kidder; Mitchell D. Goldberg; Raymond M. Zehr; Mark DeMaria; James F. W. Purdom; Christopher S. Velden; Norman C. Grody; Sheldon J. Kusselson

2000-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

The Analysis of Typhoon Structures Using Advanced Microwave Sounding Unit Data and Its Application to Prediction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this study, the Advanced Microwave Sounding Unit (AMSU) data are used to retrieve the temperature and velocity fields of typhoons and assimilate them with the three-dimensional variational data assimilation (3DVAR) routines for uses in ...

Chien-Ben Chou; Ching-Yuang Huang; Huei-Ping Huang; Kung-Hwa Wang; Tien-Chiang Yeh

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

DOE/SC-ARM/TR-124 Interpolated Sounding Value-Added Product  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

4 Interpolated Sounding Value-Added Product D Troyan February 2013 DISCLAIMER This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by the U.S. Government. Neither the United...

329

Properties of the Convection Scheme in NCEP's Eta Model that Affect Forecast Sounding Interpretation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The impact of parameterized convection on Eta Model forecast soundings is examined. The Betts–Miller–Janji? parameterization used in the National Centers for Environmental Prediction Eta Model introduces characteristic profiles of temperature and ...

Michael E. Baldwin; John S. Kain; Michael P. Kay

2002-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

An Evaluation of High-Resolution Interferometer Soundings and Their Use in Mesoscale Analyses  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An aircraft prototype of the High-Resolution Interferometer Sounder (HIS) was flown over Tennesse and northern Alabama during summer 1986. HIS temperature and dewpoint soundings were examined on two flight days to determine their error ...

John T. Bradshaw; Henry E. Fuelberg

1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

On the System Dependency of Satellite Sounding Impact-Comments on Recent Impact Test Results  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As shown by the Data Systems Test results, the impact of satellite temperature soundings on numerical weather prediction is highly dependent on the particular analysis and forecast system used to incorporate the data. The more amenable a system ...

M. S. Tracton; A. J. Desmaris; R. J. van Haaren; R. D. McPherson

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

GPS Sounding of the Atmosphere from Low Earth Orbit: Preliminary Results  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper provides an overview of the methodology of and describes preliminary results from an experiment called GPS/MET (Global Positioning System/Meteorology), in which temperature soundings are obtained from a low Earth-orbiting satellite ...

R. Ware; C. Rocken; F. Solheim; M. Exner; W. Schreiner; R. Anthes; D. Feng; B. Herman; M. Gorbunov; S. Sokolovskiy; K. Hardy; Y. Kuo; X. Zou; K. Trenberth; T. Meehan; W. Melbourne; S. Businger

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Instrumentation for the Measurement of Sound Speed near the Ocean Surface  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Air bubbles entrained by breaking waves in the ocean surface layer can dramatically alter the velocity and attenuation of acoustic waves. The development of an effective technique for directly measuring the sound speed near the ocean surface is ...

Eric Lamarre; W. K. Melville

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Acoustical Rainfall Analysis: Rainfall Drop Size Distribution Using the Underwater Sound Field  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Rainfall estimation is difficult, especially in oceanic regions where land-based techniques are unavailable. Fortunately, rain produces a loud and unique sound underwater that can be used to detect and quantify rainfall. Laboratory studies of the ...

Jeffrey A. Nystuen

1996-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Sonification of the invisible : large scale sound installments on building facades  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The intention of this project is to utilize sound as representation of MIT research-extending out to the public what may be invisible, or less known to the broader community interested in MIT's spectrum of work. I am ...

Bodle, Carrie

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

TOGA COARE Upper-Air Sounding Data Archive: Development and Quality Control Procedures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

One of the most important datasets to wine from the Tropical Ocean Global Atmosphere Coupled Ocean-Atmosphere Response Experiment (TOGA COARE) is the most complete, high-resolution upper-air sounding dataset ever collected in the equatorial ...

Scot M. Loehrer; Todd A. Edmands; James A. Moore

1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Information Content of Infrared Satellite Sounding Measurements with Respect to CO2  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Information theory is used to study the capabilities of the new-generation satellite infrared sounders [Atmospheric Infrared Sounder (AIRS) and Infrared Atmospheric Sounding Interferometer (IASI)] for retrieving atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) ...

R. J. Engelen; G. L. Stephens

2004-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

The Signature of ENSO in Global Temperature and Precipitation Fields Derived from the Microwave Sounding Unit  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Global temperature anomalies associated with ENSO are investigated, making use of a 13-year record of gridded temperature and precipitation data from the microwave sounding unit (MSU). The warm phase of the ENSO cycle during this period was ...

Elena Yulaeva; John M. Wallace

1994-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Literature Review of the Impact of Wind Turbine Generator Induced Sound on Wildlife  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This review describes findings of a scientific literat ure search evaluating effects of exposure to wind turbine-generated sound on wildlife. It also provides a searchable digital database of over 350 literature sources related to this topic.BackgroundThe proliferation of wind energy generation facilities has created immense pressure to understand the impact on the local ecosystem of all aspects of these new systems, including sound generated by wind ...

2012-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

340

An Aquatic Acoustic Metrics Interface Utility for Underwater Sound Monitoring and Analysis  

SciTech Connect

Fishes and other marine mammals suffer a range of potential effects from intense sound sources generated by anthropogenic underwater processes such as pile driving, shipping, sonars, and underwater blasting. Several underwater sound recording devices (USR) were built to monitor the acoustic sound pressure waves generated by those anthropogenic underwater activities, so the relevant processing software becomes indispensable for analyzing the audio files recorded by these USRs. However, existing software packages did not meet performance and flexibility requirements. In this paper, we provide a detailed description of a new software package, named Aquatic Acoustic Metrics Interface (AAMI), which is a Graphical User Interface (GUI) designed for underwater sound monitoring and analysis. In addition to the general functions, such as loading and editing audio files recorded by USRs, the software can compute a series of acoustic metrics in physical units, monitor the sound's influence on fish hearing according to audiograms from different species of fishes and marine mammals, and batch process the sound files. The detailed applications of the software AAMI will be discussed along with several test case scenarios to illustrate its functionality.

Ren, Huiying; Halvorsen, Michele B.; Deng, Zhiqun; Carlson, Thomas J.

2012-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "merged sounding vap" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Behavioral constraints on harlequin duck population recovery from the Exxon Valdez oil spill in Prince William Sound, Alaska.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??I investigated the relationship between harlequin duck (Histrionicus histrionicus) behavior and lack of recovery from the Exxon Valdez oil spill in Prince William Sound, Alaska.… (more)

[No author

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Why aren't pigeon guillemots in Prince William Sound, Alaska recovering from the Exxon Valdez oil spill?.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The Pigeon Guillemot (Cepphus columba) is now the only species of marine bird in Prince William Sound (PWS), Alaska that is listed as "not recovering"… (more)

[No author

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Harlequin duck demography during winter in Prince William Sound, Alaska : effects of the Exxon Valdez oil spill.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The 1989 Exxon Valdez oil spill was a major perturbation of nearshore habitats of Prince William Sound, a wintering area for harlequin ducks (Histrionicus histrionicus).… (more)

[No author

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Federal Power Act section 202(c) - Cross-Sound Cable Company, August 2003 |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3 3 Federal Power Act section 202(c) - Cross-Sound Cable Company, August 2003 On August 14, 2003, in response to the blackout on that day in the Northeast and Upper Midwest areas of the United States, as well as portion of Canada, the New York Independent System Operator and ISO New England were directed to require Cross-Sound Cable Company to operate the Cross-Sound Cable and related facilities. The Expiration date on that order was September 1, 2003, but on August 28, 2003, it was extended "until such time as emergency identified in the order ceases to exist." An order terminating the emergency order was issued on May 7, 2004. 202(c) order 202-03-1 August 14, 2003 - CSC.pdf 202(c) order 202-03-2 August 28, 2003 - CSC.pdf 202(c) order 202-03-3 September 26, 2003 - CSC.pdf

345

FIA-13-0018 - In the Matter of Alliance to Protect Nantucket Sound |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

18 - In the Matter of Alliance to Protect Nantucket Sound 18 - In the Matter of Alliance to Protect Nantucket Sound FIA-13-0018 - In the Matter of Alliance to Protect Nantucket Sound On April 4, 2013, the Office of Hearings and Appeals (OHA) issued a decision remanding in part an Appeal from a Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) determination issued by the Loan Programs Office (LPO). The Appellant appealed the LPO's decision to withhold information in the released documents pursuant to Exemptions 2, 4, 5 and 6, claiming that the LPO's determination letter inadequately justified its redactions. The Appellant also sought expedited processing of its Appeal, which the OHA denied, finding that there was no compelling need for expedited processing. The OHA concluded that the LPO properly invoked Exemption 6 as to withheld

346

Testing Protocols and Results: Airport Sound Program Experience and BPI-Resnet Development  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Testing Protocols & Results: Testing Protocols & Results: Airport Sound Program Experience and BPI/RESNET Development Spring 2012 Residential Energy Efficiency Stakeholder Meeting: Combustion Safety in Tight Houses Jim Fitzgerald Center for Energy and Environment Building Performance Institute Page 2  Weatherization, custom windows & central air conditioning  Attic insulation, wall insulation, and attic air sealing - borrowed specs from energy programs and used weatherization contractors  Average house leakage: 7.8 ACH50 before 5.4 ACH50 after MSP secret: this Airport Sound Program does weatherization work to reduce sound All Tightening of Existing Homes Can Affect Combustion Appliance Safety Tightening work was done on 3000 homes with no testing, what could possibly go wrong?

347

SOUND-SPEED INVERSION OF THE SUN USING A NONLOCAL STATISTICAL CONVECTION THEORY  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Helioseismic inversions reveal a major discrepancy in sound speed between the Sun and the standard solar model just below the base of the solar convection zone. We demonstrate that this discrepancy is caused by the inherent shortcomings of the local mixing-length theory adopted in the standard solar model. Using a self-consistent nonlocal convection theory, we construct an envelope model of the Sun for sound-speed inversion. Our solar model has a very smooth transition from the convective envelope to the radiative interior, and the convective energy flux changes sign crossing the boundaries of the convection zone. It shows evident improvement over the standard solar model, with a significant reduction in the discrepancy in sound speed between the Sun and local convection models.

Zhang Chunguang; Deng Licai [Key Laboratory of Optical Astronomy, National Astronomical Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100012 (China); Xiong Darun [Purple Mountain Observatory, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008 (China); Christensen-Dalsgaard, Jorgen, E-mail: cgzhang@nao.cas.cn [Stellar Astrophysics Centre, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Aarhus University, Ny Munkegade 120, DK-8000 Aarhus C (Denmark)

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Solar Sound Arts: Creating Instruments and Devices Powered by Photovoltaic Technologies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper describes recent developments in the creation of sound-making instruments and devices powered by photovoltaic (PV) technologies. With the rise of more efficient PV products in diverse packages, the possibilities for creating solar-powered musical instruments, sound installations, and loudspeakers are becoming increasingly realizable. This paper surveys past and recent developments in this area, including several projects by the author, and demonstrates how the use of PV technologies can influence the creative process in unique ways. In addition, this paper discusses how solar sound arts can enhance the aesthetic direction taken by recent work in soundscape studies and acoustic ecology. Finally, this paper will point towards future directions and possibilities as PV technologies continue to evolve and improve in terms of performance, and become more affordable.

unknown authors

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Digital sound synthesis of brass instruments by physical modeling, Digital Audio Effects (DAFx) 04  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Functional Transformation Method (FTM) is an established method for sound synthesis by physical modeling, which has proven its feasibility so far by the application to strings and membranes. Based on integral transformations, it provides a discrete solution for continuous physical problems given in form of initialboundary-value problems. This paper extends the range of applications of the FTM to brass instruments. A full continuous physical model of the instrument, consisting of an air column, a mouthpiece and the player’s lips is introduced and solved in the discrete domain. It is shown, that the FTM is a suitable method also for sound synthesis of brass instruments. 1.

Bernhard Krach; Stefan Petrausch; Rudolf Rabenstein

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Heat transfer in sound propagation and attenuation through gas-liquid polyhedral foams  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A cell method is developed, which takes into account the bubble geometry of polyhedral foams, and provides for the generalized Rayleigh-Plesset equation that contains the non-local in time term corresponding to heat relaxation. The Rayleigh-Plesset equation together with the equations of mass and momentum balances for an effective single-phase inviscid fluid yield a model for foam acoustics. The present calculations reconcile observed sound velocity and attenuation with those predicted using the assumption that thermal dissipation is the dominant damping mechanism in a range of foam expansions and sound excitation frequencies.

Yuri M. Shtemler; Isaac R. Shreiber

2007-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

351

Bowel-sound pattern analysis using wavelets and neural networks with application to long-term, unsupervised, gastrointestinal motility monitoring  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This work focuses on the implementation of an autonomous system appropriate for long-term, unsupervised monitoring of bowel sounds, captured by means of abdominal surface vibrations. The autonomous intestinal motility analysis system (AIMAS) promises ... Keywords: Abdominal vibration, Bioacoustics, Bowel sounds, Multi-layer perceptron, Neural network, Pattern classification, Pattern recognition, Wavelet

C. Dimoulas; G. Kalliris; G. Papanikolaou; V. Petridis; A. Kalampakas

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Sound methods and effective tools for model-based security engineering with UML  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Developing security-critical systems is difficult and there are many well-known examples of security weaknesses exploited in practice. Thus a sound methodology supporting secure systems development is urgently needed.We present an extensible verification ... Keywords: UML, cryptographic protocol, security, unified modeling language, verification biometric authentication, verification framework

Jan Jürjens

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

Continuous Time–Space Sampling of Near-Surface Velocities Using Sound  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A phased-array Doppler sonar (PADS) system is described that uses sound at frequencies near 200 kHz to probe an area several hundred meters on a side with 7–20-m spatial resolution. The area can be sampled every second or less with under 2 cm s–1 ...

Jerome A. Smith

2002-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

ROS open-source audio recognizer: ROAR environmental sound detection tools for robot programming  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Advances in audio recognition have enabled the real-world success of a wide variety of interactive voice systems over the last two decades. More recently, these same techniques have shown promise in recognizing non-speech audio events. Sounds are ubiquitous ... Keywords: Audio event detection, Audio recognition, Robot manipulation

Joseph M. Romano; Jordan P. Brindza; Katherine J. Kuchenbecker

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Diagnosis of a Polar Low Warm Core Utilizing the Advanced Microwave Sounding Unit  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Data from the Advanced Microwave Sounding Unit (AMSU) are used to examine a polar low that occurred in the Labrador Sea on 17–18 March 2000. During its 40-h lifetime, the polar low was observed three times by AMSU, which captured the formation ...

Richard W. Moore; Thomas H. Vonder Haar

2003-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Moving sounds enhance the visually-induced self-motion illusion (circular vection) in virtual reality  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

While rotating visual and auditory stimuli have long been known to elicit self-motion illusions (“circular vection”), audiovisual interactions have hardly been investigated. Here, two experiments investigated whether visually induced circular ... Keywords: Audiovisual interactions, presence, psychophysics, self-motion simulation, spatial sound, vection, virtual reality

Bernhard E. Riecke; Aleksander Väljamäe; Jörg Schulte-Pelkum

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Neural model of auditory cortex for binding sound intensity and frequency information in bat's echolocation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Most species of bats making echolocation use the sound pressure level (SPL) and Doppler-shifted frequency of ultrasonic echo pulse to measure the size and velocity of target. The neural circuits for detecting these target features are specialized for ... Keywords: SPL amplitude, auditory system, echolocation, frequency tuning, neural model

Yoshitaka Mutoh; Yoshiki Kashimori

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Power and accuracy trade-offs in sound-based context recognition systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents an empirical design methodology to optimize a context recognition system with respect to a trade-off between power consumption and recognition performance rather than straightforward maximization of the recognition rate. As illustration, ... Keywords: Activity detection, Context recognition, Power awareness, Sound analysis, Wearable computing

Mathias Stäger; Paul Lukowicz; Gerhard Tröster

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Sound beyond the speed of light: destructive interference, anomalous dispersion and nonlocality of near field  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Experimentally fixed sound pulse beyond of light speed in the region of anomalous dispersion [W. M. Robertson, e. a. Appl. Phys. Lett, 90, 014102 (2007)] can be explained, as well as the similar superluminal phenomena, by "the nonlocality in the small" of near electromagnetic field at transferring of relevanted excitations.

Perel'man, M E

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Indirect Combustion Noise: Experimental Investigation of the Vortex Sound Generation in a Choked  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Indirect Combustion Noise: Experimental Investigation of the Vortex Sound Generation in a Choked-27 April 2012, Nantes, France 2315 #12;Combustion noise in gas turbines consists of direct noise related to the unsteady combustion process itself and indirect noise. As known, indirect noise is produced when entropy

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "merged sounding vap" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Do electric cars have to make noise? An emblematic opportunity for designing sounds and soundscapes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Do electric cars have to make noise? An emblematic opportunity for designing sounds and soundscapes Nantes Conference 23-27 April 2012, Nantes, France 1045 #12;Electric cars tend to become the emerging silent and then present issues as: must electric cars be sonified for preventing pedestrians from dangers

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

362

Design of Electric or Hybrid vehicle alert sound system for pedestrian  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on a track of our test center located in La Ferté Vidame. Two cars were used: -a diesel-vehicle - an electricDesign of Electric or Hybrid vehicle alert sound system for pedestrian J.-C. Chamard and V, France 1691 #12;The arrival of fully or hybrid electric vehicles raised safety problems respect

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

363

Testing a Mobile Version of a Cross-Chain Loran Atmospheric (M-CLASS) Sounding System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We have Rested the NCAR Cross-Chain LORAN Atmospheric Sounding System (CLASS) in a fully mobile configuration, which we call M-CLASS. The sondes use LORAN-C navigation signals to allow calculation of balloon position and horizontal winds. In ...

W. David Rust; Donald W. Burgess; Robert A. Maddox; Lester C. Showell; Thomas C. Marshall; Dean K. Lauritsen

1990-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Knowledge-based duty cycle estimation in wireless sensor networks: Application for sound pressure monitoring  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Wireless sensor networks comprise an important research area and a near future for industry and communications. Wireless sensor networks contain resource-constrained sensor nodes that are powered by small batteries, limited process and memory and wireless ... Keywords: Constrained device, Fuzzy rule based system, Multi-agent system, Sound pressure, Wireless sensor network

J. C. Cuevas-Martinez; J. Canada-Bago; J. A. Fernandez-Prieto; M. A. Gadeo-Martos

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Evaluation of Advanced Microwave Sounding Unit Tropical-Cyclone Intensity and Size Estimation Algorithms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Advanced Microwave Sounding Unit (AMSU) data are used to provide objective estimates of 1-min maximum sustained surface winds, minimum sea level pressure, and the radii of 34-, 50-, and 64-kt (1 kt ? 0.5144 m s?1) winds in the northeast, ...

Julie L. Demuth; Mark DeMaria; John A. Knaff; Thomas H. Vonder Haar

2004-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Environmental Conditions Associated with the Dallas Microburst Storm Determined from Satellite Soundings  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The thermodynamic structure of the troposphere in the vicinity of the microburst storm at Dallas-Ft. Worth Airport (DFW), Texas on 2 August 1985 is described. The analysis was based principally on a set of vertical soundings from the Visible and ...

Gary Ellrod

1989-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Evaluation of Alberta Hail Growth Model Using Severe Hail Proximity Soundings from the United States  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A one-dimensional, coupled hail and cloud model (HAILCAST) is tested to assess its ability to predict hail size. The model employs an ensemble approach when forecasting maximum hail size, uses a sounding as input, and can be run in seconds on an ...

Ryan Jewell; Julian Brimelow

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

The influence of cross-order terms in interface mobilities for structure-borne sound source  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The influence of cross-order terms in interface mobilities for structure-borne sound source of interface mobilities, however, relies upon the admissibility of neglecting the so-called cross- order terms-order terms for the characterization of vibrational sources. From previous studies, four conditions have been

Berlin,Technische Universität

369

Hail in Northeast Italy: A Neural Network Ensemble Forecast Using Sounding-Derived Indices  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In a previous work, the hailpad data collected over the plain of the Friuli Venezia Giulia region in northeast Italy during the April–September 1992–2009 period were studied through a bivariate analysis with 52 sounding-derived indices from the ...

Agostino Manzato

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Prospects for Temperature Sounding with Satellite and Ground-based RASS Measurements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Temperature profiles from the TIROS-N Operational Vertical Sounder (TOVS) were combined with low-altitude virtual temperature profiles measured by a ground-based 915-MHz/2-kHz radio acoustic sounding system (RASS) at Denver, Colorado. Low-level ...

J. A. Schroeder; E. R. Westwater; P. T. May; L. M. McMillin

1991-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Statistical Assessment of the Quality of TIROS-N and NOAA-6 Satellite Soundings  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A statistical evaluation of satellite soundings from TIROS-N and NOAA-6 is presented. Collocated satellite-radiosonde data were collected by season from July 1979 through May 1980 for clear and cloudy retrievals. In addition to RMS and mean error ...

Arnold Gruber; Carmella Davis Watkins

1982-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Constrained Variational Analysis of Sounding Data Based on Column-Integrated Budgets of Mass, Heat, Moisture, and Momentum: Approach and Application to ARM Measurements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

For the purpose of deriving grid-scale vertical velocity and advective tendencies from sounding measurements, an objective scheme is developed to process atmospheric soundings of winds, temperature, and water vapor mixing ratio over a network of ...

M. H. Zhang; J. L. Lin

1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Determining the locus of a processing zone in an in situ oil shale retort by sound monitoring  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The locus of a processing zone advancing through a fragmented permeable mass of particles in an in situ oil shale retort in a subterranean formation containing oil shale is determined by monitoring for sound produced in the retort, preferably by monitoring for sound at at least two locations in a plane substantially normal to the direction of advancement of the processing zone. Monitoring can be effected by placing a sound transducer in a well extending through the formation adjacent the retort and/or in the fragmented mass such as in a well extending into the fragmented mass.

Elkington, W. Brice (Grand Junction, CO)

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Sound Project Management, Safe and Efficient Work Lead to Savings for More Recovery Act Cleanup  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

IDAHO FALLS, Idaho - Sound management practices and safe, efficient IDAHO FALLS, Idaho - Sound management practices and safe, efficient work have led to cost savings and rapid progress in the Idaho site's American Recovery and Reinvestment Act projects. The efficiencies have freed up $12 million for additional Cold War cleanup. That $12 million from the Recovery Act is being used to exhume targeted buried waste from a quarter-acre portion of a landfill called Pit 9 so it can be disposed permanently and safely. The additional cleanup, scheduled for completion in spring 2012, is part of the Idaho site's broader work to accelerate legacy waste removal in 5.69 acres of a disposal area, a cleanup project that protects the Snake River Plain Aquifer. Recovery Act workers with CH2M-WG Idaho, the Idaho site's main cleanup

375

A Portable Elf-Mt System For Shallow Resistivity Sounding | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » A Portable Elf-Mt System For Shallow Resistivity Sounding Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: A Portable Elf-Mt System For Shallow Resistivity Sounding Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) Abstract: In view of recent extensive investigation of shallow resistivity structure for active fault studies and geothermal exploration, we developed a portable magnetotelluric (MT) system for the extremely low frequency (ELF) range. The system aims primarily at making real-time analyses of MT data at the so-called Schumann resonance frequencies of ~ 8, 14 and 20 Hz.

376

Radiation Dry Bias in the TWP-ICE Radiosonde Soundings Solar Zenith Angle Correction Factor  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Radiation Dry Bias in the TWP-ICE Radiosonde Soundings Radiation Dry Bias in the TWP-ICE Radiosonde Soundings Solar Zenith Angle Correction Factor Figure 3: Ratio of MWR TCWV to radiosonde derived TCWV, and the solar zenith angle at the radiosonde launch time (black dots). The dry bias observed in sonde TCWV values is mainly attributable to a dry RH bias near the surface The red dots show the 1000 hPa RH correction factors suggested by Voemel et al for sondes launched near noon (10-30 degree solar zenith angle), and at night time (90 degree zenith angle). The green line shows a modified RH correction factor which is a function of the solar zenith angle. ● During the day-time, the TCWV bias is significantly smaller when the zenith angle correction is applied than when no correction, or only the Crad and Ccal corrections are applied.

377

MHK Projects/Long Island Sound Tidal Energy Project | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Long Island Sound Tidal Energy Project Long Island Sound Tidal Energy Project < MHK Projects Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"500px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"File:Aquamarine-marker.png","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.1674,"lon":-72.218,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"http:\/\/prod-http-80-800498448.us-east-1.elb.amazonaws.com\/w\/images\/7\/74\/Aquamarine-marker.png","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

378

Private Sector Saw Solyndra as a Sound Investment, Put $961 Million Behind  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Saw Solyndra as a Sound Investment, Put $961 Million Behind Saw Solyndra as a Sound Investment, Put $961 Million Behind the Promising Company Solyndra's great promise and innovative technologies were widely recognized and highly valued by a wide range of very sophisticated private investors. In its S-1 Form filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission in December 2009, Solyndra detailed more than $961 million of private capital that investors had put on the line after conducting their own independent assessments of the company. The list is below: Affiliates of Artis Capital Management, L.P.: $44 million Affiliates of Kohlberg Kravis Roberts & Co. (Fixed Income) LLC: $2.07 million Argonaut Ventures I, L.L.C.: $270.658 million CMEA Ventures VI, L.P.: $17.666 million CMEA Ventures VII, L.P.: $10 million

379

Two-Dimensional Classical Wave Localization in a Third Sound System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Patterned calcium fluoride deposited on glass creates an effective two-dimensional scatterer of third sound propagating on a thin 4He film. We have utilized a substrate with a periodic arrangement of scatterers and a substrate with a random arrangement of scatterers to investigate classical wave propagation and localization using third sound. We observe pass bands on the periodic substrate while only low frequency modes are observed in the disordered case. The presence of high frequency modes on the ordered substrate and the absence of high frequency modes on the disordered substrate indicates we are observing localization on the disordered substrate. We compare the disordered data to the two-dimensional localization theory of Cohen and Machta and find reasonable agreement.

Luhman, D. R.; Herrmann, J. C.; Hallock, R. B. [Laboratory of Low Temperature Physics, Department of Physics, University of Massachusetts, MA 01003 (United States)

2006-09-07T23:59:59.000Z

380

Second sound and the superfluid fraction in a resonantly interacting Fermi gas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Superfluidity is a macroscopic quantum phenomenon, which shows up below a critical temperature and leads to a peculiar behavior of matter, with frictionless flow, the formation of quantized vortices, and the quenching of the moment of inertia being intriguing examples. A remarkable explanation for many phenomena exhibited by a superfluid at finite temperature can be given in terms of a two-fluid mixture comprised of a normal component that behaves like a usual fluid and a superfluid component with zero viscosity and zero entropy. Important examples of superfluid systems are liquid helium and neutron stars. More recently, ultracold atomic gases have emerged as new superfluid systems with unprecedented possibilities to control interactions and external confinement. Here we report the first observation of `second sound' in an ultracold Fermi gas with resonant interactions. Second sound is a striking manifestation of the two-component nature of a superfluid and corresponds to an entropy wave, where the superfluid...

Sidorenkov, Leonid A; Grimm, Rudolf; Hou, Yan-Hua; Pitaevskii, Lev; Stringari, Sandro

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "merged sounding vap" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Sound waves and dynamics of superfluid Fermi gases in optical lattices  

SciTech Connect

The sound waves, the stability of Bloch waves, the Bloch oscillation, and the self-trapping phenomenon in interacting two-component Fermi gases throughout the BEC-BCS crossover in one-dimensional (1D), two-dimensional (2D), and three-dimensional (3D) optical lattices are discussed in detail. Within the hydrodynamical theory and by using the perturbative and tight-binding approximation, sound speed in both weak and tight 1D, 2D, 3D optical lattices, and the criteria for occurrences of instability of Bloch waves and self-trapping of Fermi gases along the whole BEC-BCS crossover in tight 1D, 2D, 3D optical lattices are obtained analytically. The results show that the sound speed, the criteria for occurrences of instability of Bloch waves and self-trapping, and the destruction of Bloch oscillation are modified dramatically by the lattice parameters (lattice dimension and lattice strength), the atom density or atom number, and the atom interaction.

Zhang Aixia; Xue Jukui [Physics and Electronics Engineering College, Northwest Normal University, Lanzhou 730070 (China)

2009-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

382

The Sound Emission Board of the KM3NeT Acoustic Positioning System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We describe the sound emission board proposed for installation in the acoustic positioning system of the future KM3NeT underwater neutrino telescope. The KM3NeT European consortium aims to build a multi-cubic kilometre underwater neutrino telescope in the deep Mediterranean Sea. In this kind of telescope the mechanical structures holding the optical sensors, which detect the Cherenkov radiation produced by muons emanating from neutrino interactions, are not completely rigid and can move up to dozens of meters in undersea currents. Knowledge of the position of the optical sensors to an accuracy of about 10 cm is needed for adequate muon track reconstruction. A positioning system based on the acoustic triangulation of sound transit time differences between fixed seabed emitters and receiving hydrophones attached to the kilometre-scale vertical flexible structures carrying the optical sensors is being developed. In this paper, we describe the sound emission board developed in the framework of KM3NeT project, whi...

Llorens, C D; Sogorb, T; Bou--Cabo, M; Martínez-Mora, J A; Larosa, G; Adrián-Martínez, S

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Hurricane Debby—An Illustration of the Complementary Nature of VAS Soundings and Cloud and Water Vapor Motion Winds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The utility of VISSR Atmospheric Sounder (VAS) temperature and moisture soundings and cloud and water vapor motion winds in defining a storm and its surroundings at subsynoptic scales has been examined using a numerical analysis and prognosis ...

John F. Le Marshall; William L. Smith; Geary M. Callan

1985-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

The Influence of Several Factors Controlling the Interactions between Prince William Sound, Alaska, and the Northern Gulf of Alaska  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Interactions between the circulation of Prince William Sound (PWS), Alaska, and that of the continental shelf region of the northern Gulf of Alaska are studied numerically. The focus is on the flow structure at Hinchinbrook Entrance (HE) and ...

Inkweon Bang; Christopher N. K. Mooers

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Nationwide Comparisons of Hail Size with WSR-88D Vertically Integrated Liquid Water and Derived Thermodynamic Sounding Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study tests hypothetical correspondences between size of severe hail, WSR-88D derived vertically integrated liquid water (VIL), and an array of thermodynamic variables derived from computationally modified sounding analyses. In addition, ...

Roger Edwards; Richard L. Thompson

1998-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Evolution of the Subtropical Marine Boundary Layer: Comparison of Soundings over the Eastern Pacific from FIRE and HaRP  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The mean time rates of change of temperature, total water mixing ratio and ozone along airflow trajectories in the lower troposphere over the eastern Pacific are inferred by comparing aircraft soundings from the First ISCCP Regional Experiment (...

I. R. Paluch; D. H. Lenschow; S. Siems; G. L. Kok; R. D. Schillawski; S. McKeen

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

An Evaluation of Alternatives to the Retrieval Methods Used in Processing FGGE Level II TIROS-N Soundings  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Alternatives to the retrieval techniques applied by NESDIS operations to derive the FGGF Level IIa soundings are examined. A physical iterative retrieval technique is compared to the operational statistical method, and the influence of using ...

Thomas L. Koehler; Charles J. Seman; James P. Nelson III; Lyle H. Horn

1987-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

A Reexamination of the Jordan Mean Tropical Sounding Based on Awareness of the Saharan Air Layer: Results from 2002  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Jordan mean tropical sounding has provided a benchmark for representing the climatology of the tropical North Atlantic and Caribbean Sea since 1958. However, recent studies of the Saharan air layer (SAL) have suggested that the tropical ...

Jason P. Dunion; Christopher S. Marron

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Sound strand design : designing mechanical joints to facilitate user interaction within a physical representation of digital music  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This project involved the mechanical design of a modular musical instrument, named the "Sound Strand." Intended to be attached end-to-end one onto another in order to produce a string of music, each module was constructed ...

Shen, Yan, S.B. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Satellite-Based Tropical Cyclone Intensity Estimation Using the NOAA-KLM Series Advanced Microwave Sounding Unit (AMSU)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Satellite-borne passive microwave radiometers, such as the Advanced Microwave Sounding Unit (AMSU) on the NOAA polar-orbiting series, are well suited to monitor tropical cyclones (TCs) by virtue of their ability to assess changes in tropospheric ...

Kurt F. Brueske; Christopher S. Velden

2003-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Forecasting Tornadic Thunderstorm Potential in Alberta Using Environmental Sounding Data. Part II: Helicity, Precipitable Water, and Storm Convergence  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sounding parameters are examined to determine whether they can help distinguish between Alberta, Canada, severe thunderstorms that spawn significant tornadoes (F2–F4), weak tornadoes (F0–F1), or nontornadic severe storms producing large hail. ...

Max L. Dupilka; Gerhard W. Reuter

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Simulations of Historical and Future Trends in Snowfall and Groundwater Recharge for Basins Draining to Long Island Sound  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A regional watershed model was developed for watersheds contributing to Long Island Sound, including the Connecticut River basin. The study region covers approximately 40 900 km2, extending from a moderate coastal climate zone in the south to a ...

David M. Bjerklie; Thomas J. Trombley; Roland J. Viger

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Cortical networks representing object categories and high-level attributes of familiar real-world action sounds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In contrast to visual object processing, relatively little is known about how the human brain processes everyday real-world sounds, transforming highly complex acoustic signals into representations of meaningful events or auditory objects. We recently ...

James W. Lewis; William J. Talkington; Aina Puce; Lauren R. Engel; Chris Frum

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

A Fuzzy Logic Method for Lightning Prediction Using Thermodynamic and Kinematic Parameters from Radio Sounding Observations in South Korea  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Lightning is one of the most troubling weather phenomena for weather forecasters at space centers. In this study, proximity sounding and lightning data were used to evaluate the utility of thermodynamic and kinematic parameters for forecasting ...

Bongjae Kuk; Hongil Kim; Jongsung Ha; Hyokeun Lee; Gyuwon Lee

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

An Evaluation of Soundings, Analyses and Model Forecasts Derived from TIROS-N and NOAA-6 Satellite Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Evaluations of operational TIROS-N and NOAA-6 temperature soundings over North America are presented for an early January 1980 period one month after completion of the First GARP Global Experiment. In addition to collocated comparisons, synoptic ...

Thomas L. Koehler; John C. Derber; Brian D. Schmidt; Lyle H. Horn

1983-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Mobile Sounding Observations of a Thunderstorm near the Dryline: The Gruver, Texas Storm Complex of 25 May 1987  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

During the afternoon of 25 May 1987, thunderstorms, some of which were tornadic and produced large hail, formed near a dryline in the Texas Panhandle. This note discusses a sounding released into the updraft of a developing cumulonimbus south of ...

Howard B. Bluestein; Eugene W. McCaul Jr.; Gregory P. Byrd; Gary R. Woodall; Greg Martin; Stephen Keighton; Lester C. Showell

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Remote sounding of the mixing ratio of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere from a satellite  

SciTech Connect

Carbon dioxide is the most important atmospheric constituent contributing to the greenhouse effect in the earth-atmosphere system. Here, a method is presented for the remote sounding of the mixing ratio of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere from a satellite, including the inversion method and preliminary calculation results. The results indicate that the measurement accuracy of the mixing ratio of carbon dioxide in 0.25 ppm, calculated according to volume, in ground field of view of 1,127 x 1,162 km[sup 2] for an instrument such as the HIRS-2 on the US National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration meteorological satellite.

Zhaoxian Zhang (Shangai Inst. of Technical Physics (China))

1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Prince William Sound disabled tanker towing study. Part 1. Evaluation of existing equipment, personnel and procedures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The study has been undertaken by the Glosten Associates, Inc., to evaluate the existing capability for emergency towing at Prince William Sound and to examine alternatives that could enhance the escort and assist capabilities for disabled tankers within the waterway from the Alyeska Oil Terminal at the Port of Valdez to the Gulf of Alaska outside Hinchinbrook Entrance. Part 1, reported herein, is an objective evaluation by an experienced salvage towing master of the existing tugs, emergency towing equipment, towing practices, and discussion of alternative tug types.

Not Available

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Determination of volume fractions in two-phase flows from sound speed measurement  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Accurate measurement of the composition of oil-water emulsions within the process environment is a challenging problem in the oil industry. Ultrasonic techniques are promising because they are non-invasive and can penetrate optically opaque mixtures. This paper presents a method of determining the volume fractions of two immiscible fluids in a homogenized two-phase flow by measuring the speed of sound through the composite fluid along with the instantaneous temperature. Two separate algorithms are developed by representing the composite density as (i) a linear combination of the two densities, and (ii) a non-linear fractional formulation. Both methods lead to a quadratic equation with temperature dependent coefficients, the root of which yields the volume fraction. The densities and sound speeds are calibrated at various temperatures for each fluid component, and the fitted polynomial is used in the final algorithm. We present results when the new algorithm is applied to mixtures of crude oil and process water from two different oil fields, and a comparison of our results with a Coriolis meter; the difference between mean values is less than 1%. Analytical and numerical studies of sensitivity of the calculated volume fraction to temperature changes and calibration errors are also presented.

Chaudhuri, Anirban [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Sinha, Dipen N. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Osterhoudt, Curtis F. [University of Alaska

2012-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

400

BIORETENTION SOIL MIX REVIEW AND RECOMMENDATIONS FOR WESTERN WASHINGTON Prepared for: Prepared by: Puget Sound Partnership  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Executive Summary The soil mix used in bioretention systems is central for determining flow control and water quality treatment performance. The purpose of this study is to provide bioretention soil mix (BSM) guidelines that: 1) meet performance objectives; 2) include materials readily available in the Puget Sound region; 3) include materials that aggregate and compost suppliers can provide with adequate quality control and consistency; and 4) are affordable. The focus of this study is on the aggregate component of the BSM. Four candidate aggregate samples were collected from various suppliers and locations around Puget Sound. Laboratory analysis was conducted to determine aggregate gradation, as well as the organic matter content, hydraulic conductivity, cation exchange capacity, and available phosphorus of a specified aggregate compost bioretention soil mix. Hydraulic conductivity of bioretention soil mixes is strongly correlated to percent mineral aggregate passing the 200 sieve and that the fines should be less than five and ideally between two and four percent. Organic matter and cation exchange capacity of bioretention soil mixes meet or exceed Washington Department of Ecology’s requirements for enhanced treatment.

Curtis Hinman; Wsu Extension Faculty

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "merged sounding vap" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Feasibility of a MHD generator as a transmitter for electromagnetic sounding of the earth. [Mathematical models  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Development of a high-intensity source for use in time-domain electromagnetic (TDEM) soundings would permit investigation of geothermal systems to much greater depth than is now possible with controlled-source methods. The development of such a source is critically dependent upon a powerful, mobile generator. Magnetohydrodynamic pulse generators satisfy the weight and power requirements for such a generator. However, existing MHD generators which are used in geophysical applications are solid fueled, and therefore, very expensive to operate. Moreover, the pulse length from such a generator is limited to about 10 seconds, which may be too short to permit the maximum advantage to be gained from the available power. The shortcomings of the MHD generator will be remedied in a liquid-fueled generator now under development for the U.S. Air Force. A field program designed to compare available conventional and MHD generators would provide the necessary information for final generator selection, as well as an abundance of information on the nature of geothermal systems at depth. Operation and cost studies on MHD generators are given, and model calculations for TDEM soundings of geothermal hot-dry-rock systems are presented.

Fleming, D.B.

1976-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

402

Puget Sound Area Electric Reliability Plan : Appendix E, Transmission Reinforcement Analysis.  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this appendix to the draft environmental impact statement (EIS) report is to provide an update of the latest study work done on transmission system options for the Puget Sound Area Electric Reliability Plan. Also included in the attachments to the EIS are 2 reports analyzing the voltage stability of the Puget Sound transmission system and a review by Power Technologies, Inc. of the BPA voltage stability analysis and reactive options. Five transmission line options and several reactive options are presently being considered as possible solutions to the PSAFRP by the Transmission Team. The first two line options would be built on new rights-of way adjacent (as much as possible) to existing corridors. The reactive options would optimize the existing transmission system capability by adding new stations for series capacitors and/or switchgear. The other three line options are rebuilds or upgrades of existing cross mountain transmission lines. These options are listed below and include a preliminary assessment of the additional transmission system reinforcement required to integrate the new facilities into the existing transmission system. Plans were designed to provide at least 500 MVAR reactive margin.

United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

1992-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Puget Sound Area Electric Reliability Plan. Appendix E: Transmission Reinforcement Analysis : Draft Environmental Impact Statement.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Five transmission line options and several reactive (voltage support) options are presently being considered as possible solutions to the PSAERP by the Transmission Team. The first two line options would be built on new rights-of way adjacent (as much as possible) to existing corridors. The reactive options would optimize the existing transmission system capability by adding new stations for series capacitors and/or switchgear. The other three line options are rebuilds or upgrades of existing cross mountain transmission lines. These options are listed below and include a preliminary assessment of the additional transmission system reinforcement required to integrate the new facilities into the existing transmission system. These options were derived from earlier study work that was summarized in Puget Sound Reinforcement Transmission Options'' and New Cross Mountain Transmission Line Alternative: The Crosstie'', which are attached. The initial Transmission Options study report recognized the value to system performance of adding an entirely new circuit rather than rebuilding an existing one. However, siting realities require that rebuild options be considered. Typically, the most attractive rebuild options would be the lowest capacity (lowest voltage) circuits. But because of corridor location, length and terminal proximity, the rebuild options listed below appear to be the most promising. Schematic diagrams and QV Curves of each option are also attached. It should be noted that Snoqualmie and Echo Lake refer to the same station east of Puget Sound and Naneum and Kittitas refer to the same station in the Ellensburg area. 100 figs., 20 tabs.

United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

1991-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Method and apparatus for ultrasonic doppler velocimetry using speed of sound and reflection mode pulsed wideband doppler  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

According to the present invention, a method and apparatus rely upon tomographic measurement of the speed of sound and fluid velocity in a pipe. The invention provides a more accurate profile of velocity within flow fields where the speed of sound varies within the cross-section of the pipe. This profile is obtained by reconstruction of the velocity profile from the local speed of sound measurement simultaneously with the flow velocity. The method of the present invention is real-time tomographic ultrasonic Doppler velocimetry utilizing a to plurality of ultrasonic transmission and reflection measurements along two orthogonal sets of parallel acoustic lines-of-sight. The fluid velocity profile and the acoustic velocity profile are determined by iteration between determining a fluid velocity profile and measuring local acoustic velocity until convergence is reached.

Shekarriz, Alireza (Kennewick, WA); Sheen, David M. (Richland, WA)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Puget Sound Tidal Energy In-Water Testing and Development Project Final Technical Report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Tidal energy represents potential for the generation of renewable, emission free, environmentally benign, and cost effective energy from tidal flows. A successful tidal energy demonstration project in Puget Sound, Washington may enable significant commercial development resulting in important benefits for the northwest region and the nation. This project promoted the United States Department of Energy�s Wind and Hydropower Technologies Program�s goals of advancing the commercial viability, cost-competitiveness, and market acceptance of marine hydrokinetic systems. The objective of the Puget Sound Tidal Energy Demonstration Project is to conduct in-water testing and evaluation of tidal energy technology as a first step toward potential construction of a commercial-scale tidal energy power plant. The specific goal of the project phase covered by this award was to conduct all activities necessary to complete engineering design and obtain construction approvals for a pilot demonstration plant in the Admiralty Inlet region of the Puget Sound. Public Utility District No. 1 of Snohomish County (The District) accomplished the objectives of this award through four tasks: Detailed Admiralty Inlet Site Studies, Plant Design and Construction Planning, Environmental and Regulatory Activities, and Management and Reporting. Pre-Installation studies completed under this award provided invaluable data used for site selection, environmental evaluation and permitting, plant design, and construction planning. However, these data gathering efforts are not only important to the Admiralty Inlet pilot project. Lessons learned, in particular environmental data gathering methods, can be applied to future tidal energy projects in the United States and other parts of the world. The District collaborated extensively with project stakeholders to complete the tasks for this award. This included Federal, State, and local government agencies, tribal governments, environmental groups, and others. All required permit and license applications were completed and submitted under this award, including a Final License Application for a pilot hydrokinetic license from the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission. The tasks described above have brought the project through all necessary requirements to construct a tidal pilot project in Admiralty Inlet with the exception of final permit and license approvals, and the selection of a general contractor to perform project construction.

Craig W. Collar

2012-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

406

A Study of Atmospheric Deposition of Air Toxics to the Waters of Puget Sound  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Air pollutants can be deposited in many forms such as rain, snow, and gases. Urban centers are major sources of combustion-derived particulate matter, black carbon, and volatile organic carbon to the atmosphere. Expansion of urban centers in the 20th Century, especially in coastal areas, and their concomitant influence on land use, vehicular traffic, and industrial growth have been responsible for major outputs of combustion-derived hydrocarbon to the atmosphere and fallout of such carbon-rich particulate matter over the urban airsheds. This, in turn, has led to local health effects on human populations and a decrease in the quality of regional hydrological cycling. Due to continuous coastal development and increase in population in Puget Sound, Washington, it is vital to determine what the impacts of such growth have had on air and water quality and if greater needs in regulation are needed to curtail emissions. A bi-weekly deposition study of atmospheric particulate matter at seven sites around the Puget Sound (from urban to rural) have been performed for the purpose of developing appropriate regional and temporal estimates of contaminant fluxes to the surface of Puget Sound. The present study focuses on anhydrosugars, molecular markers of biomass combustion, in atmospheric particles to characterize the sources of combustion-derived materials. These are then compared to combustion-derived condensed hydrocarbon (PAH) concentrations and their signature ratios. Sample series were extracted for anhydrosugars and analyzed via gas chromatography mass spectrometry. All stations showed temporal variability in fluxes of levoglucosan, a major biomass combustion anhydrosugar, over the four months studied (Aug-Nov, 2008), with values ranging close to two orders of magnitude (15-450 uGu/m2.day). Replicate sampling at different stations during the study period showed a good reproducibility (wood burning. Levoglucosan concentrations are not correlated to pyrogenic PAHs in all but one rural station suggesting a predominant biomass source of combustion at that site. A specific PAH ratio associated with biomass combustion (1,7 DMP/[1,7+2,6 DMP]) was positively correlated to levoglucosan at all stations confirming the usefulness of this ratio for tracing non fossil fuel sources of pyrogenic PAHs in natural environments.

Aguirre, Danielle

2009-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

407

Merging Galaxies and Dark Matter Halos  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

galaxy velocity dispersion, gas distribution and itsdispersion- dominated elliptical. The intense starbursts triggered during gas-

Wetzel, Andrew Rodger

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

the merged Dep ment and the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

- por Deposition, Consolidation of Ceramics/Composites, Structure/ Property Correlations, Transparent Optical Ceramics, Scintallator Materials * PhD Massachusetts Institute of Technology 1971 * 1984 GTE

409

TIDAL INTERACTIONS IN MERGING WHITE DWARF BINARIES  

SciTech Connect

The recently discovered system J0651 is the tightest known detached white dwarf (WD) binary. Since it has not yet initiated Roche-lobe overflow, it provides a relatively clean environment for testing our understanding of tidal interactions. I investigate the tidal heating of each WD, parameterized in terms of its tidal Q parameter. Assuming that the heating can be radiated efficiently, the current luminosities are consistent with Q {sub 1} {approx} 7 x 10{sup 10} and Q {sub 2} {approx} 2 x 10{sup 7}, for the He and C/O WDs, respectively. Conversely, if the observed luminosities are merely from the cooling of the WDs, these estimated values of Q represent the upper limits. A large Q {sub 1} for the He WD means its spin velocity will be slower than that expected if it was tidally locked, which, since the binary is eclipsing, may be measurable via the Rossiter-McLaughlin effect. After one year, gravitational wave emission shifts the time of eclipses by 5.5 s, but tidal interactions cause the orbit to shrink more rapidly, changing the time by up to an additional 0.3 s after a year. Future eclipse timing measurements may therefore infer the degree of tidal locking.

Piro, Anthony L., E-mail: piro@caltech.edu [Theoretical Astrophysics, California Institute of Technology, 1200 East California Boulevard, M/C 350-17, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States)

2011-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

410

Multiple merging events in Abell 521  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a detailed spatial and dynamical analysis of the central $\\sim$~2.2~\\h~Mpc region of the galaxy cluster Abell~521 (z=0.247), based on 238 spectra obtained at the 3.6~m Telescope of ESO and at the CFHT. From the analysis of the 125 galaxies confirmed members of the cluster, we derive a mean velocity of $74019 ^{+112}_{-125}$ km/s and detect a complex velocity distribution with high velocity dispersion, $1325 ^{+145}_{-100}$ km/s), but clear departure from a single gaussian component. The general structure of the cluster follows a NW/SE direction, crossed by a perpendicular high density ``ridge'' of galaxies in the core region. The northern region of the cluster is characterized by a lower velocity dispersion as compared to the whole cluster value; it hosts the BCG and a dynamically bound complex of galaxies, and it is associated to a group detected in X-ray (Arnaud et al 2000). This region could be in pre-merger stage onto the main cluster nearly in the plane of the sky. These results, taken togethe...

Ferrari, C; Cappi, A; Benoist, C

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Physical effects in rock under negative effective pressures: sound speeds and hydraulic diffusivity  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A method for creating negative effective pressure in the laboratory has been developed and longitudinal sound speed and gas diffusivity under these conditions have been measured. The pressure field is created inside an annulus of fluid injection holes in a cylindrical sample; fluid flows radially outward down the pore pressure gradient to the sample's exterior. Pore pressure is monitored through capillary probes and the pressure field is uniform inside the injection ring. With pore fluid pressures to 1.2 MPa, decreases in both acoustic velocity and amplitude in an unconfined sample of fine-grained granite are observed. The velocity decrease is about 1.5% per MPa while amplitude decreases by approximately 10% per MPa. By measuring pressure relaxation after stepwise pore pressure increases, increases in gas diffusivity of approximately a factor of three between 0 and -1 MPa effective pressure are determined.

Shankland, T.J.; Halleck, P.M.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

ENVIRONMENTALLY SOUND DISPOSAL OF RADIOACTIVE MATERIALS AT A RCRA HAZARDOUS WASTE DISPOSAL FACILITY  

SciTech Connect

The use of hazardous waste disposal facilities permitted under the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (''RCRA'') to dispose of low concentration and exempt radioactive materials is a cost-effective option for government and industry waste generators. The hazardous and PCB waste disposal facility operated by US Ecology Idaho, Inc. near Grand View, Idaho provides environmentally sound disposal services to both government and private industry waste generators. The Idaho facility is a major recipient of U.S. Army Corps of Engineers FUSRAP program waste and received permit approval to receive an expanded range of radioactive materials in 2001. The site has disposed of more than 300,000 tons of radioactive materials from the federal government during the past five years. This paper presents the capabilities of the Grand View, Idaho hazardous waste facility to accept radioactive materials, site-specific acceptance criteria and performance assessment, radiological safety and environmental monitoring program information.

Romano, Stephen; Welling, Steven; Bell, Simon

2003-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

413

Photoacoustically Measured Speeds of Sound of Liquid HBO2: On Unlocking the Fuel Potential of Boron  

SciTech Connect

Elucidation of geodynamic, geochemical, and shock induced processes is often limited by challenges to accurately determine molecular fluid equations of state (EOS). High pressure liquid state reactions of carbon species underlie physiochemical mechanisms such as differentiation of planetary interiors, deep carbon sequestration, propellant deflagration, and shock chemistry. Here we introduce a versatile photoacoustic technique developed to measure accurate and precise speeds of sound (SoS) of high pressure molecular fluids and fluid mixtures. SoS of an intermediate boron oxide, HBO{sub 2} are measured up to 0.5 GPa along the 277 C isotherm. A polarized Exponential-6 interatomic potential form, parameterized using our SoS data, enables EOS determinations and corresponding semi-empirical evaluations of > 2000 C thermodynamic states including energy release from bororganic formulations. Our thermochemical model propitiously predicts boronated hydrocarbon shock Hugoniot results.

Bastea, S; Crowhurst, J; Armstrong, M; ., N T

2010-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

414

Measurements of Turbulence at Two Tidal Energy Sites in Puget Sound, WA  

SciTech Connect

Field measurements of turbulence are pre- sented from two sites in Puget Sound, WA (USA) that are proposed for electrical power generation using tidal current turbines. Rapidly sampled data from multiple acoustic Doppler instruments are analyzed to obtain statistical mea- sures of fluctuations in both the magnitude and direction of the tidal currents. The resulting turbulence intensities (i.e., the turbulent velocity fluctuations normalized by the harmonic tidal currents) are typically 10% at the hub- heights (i.e., the relevant depth bin) of the proposed turbines. Length and time scales of the turbulence are also analyzed. Large-scale, anisotropic eddies dominate the energy spectra, which may be the result of proximity to headlands at each site. At small scales, an isotropic turbulent cascade is observed and used to estimate the dissipation rate of turbulent kinetic energy. Data quality and sampling parameters are discussed, with an emphasis on the removal of Doppler noise from turbulence statistics.

Thomson, Jim; Polagye, Brian; Durgesh, Vibhav; Richmond, Marshall C.

2012-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

415

Conceptual Soundness, Metric Development, Benchmarking, and Targeting for PATH Subprogram Evaluation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The objective of this study is to evaluate the conceptual soundness of the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) Partnership for Advancing Technology in Housing (PATH) program's revised goals and establish and apply a framework to identify and recommend metrics that are the most useful for measuring PATH's progress. This report provides an evaluative review of PATH's revised goals, outlines a structured method for identifying and selecting metrics, proposes metrics and benchmarks for a sampling of individual PATH programs, and discusses other metrics that potentially could be developed that may add value to the evaluation process. The framework and individual program metrics can be used for ongoing management improvement efforts and to inform broader program-level metrics for government reporting requirements.

Mosey. G.; Doris, E.; Coggeshall, C.; Antes, M.; Ruch, J.; Mortensen, J.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

Sound insulation in buildings: linking theory and University of Liverpool, School of Architecture, Abercromby Square, L69 7ZN Liverpool, UK  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sound insulation in buildings: linking theory and practice C. Hopkins University of Liverpool exist to predict sound and vibration transmission across some, but not all types of building element over the building acoustics frequency range. For this reason, laboratory measurements remain important

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

417

Mesoscale Thermohaline, Sound Velocity and Baroclinic Flow Structure of the Pacific Subtropical Front During the Winter of 1980  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The three-dimensional thermohaline. sound velocity and baroclinic flow structure of the. pacific sub-tropical front during January and February 1990 are discussed. The front is meander-like, with a wavelength of 180 km, a wave amplitude of 55 km, ...

Gunnar I. Roden

1981-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

Comments on “A Bias in the Midtropospheric Channel Warm Target Factor on the NOAA-9 Microwave Sounding Unit”  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Po-Chedley and Fu investigated the difference in the magnitude of global temperature trends generated from the Microwave Sounding Unit (MSU) for the midtroposphere (TMT, surface to about 75 hPa) between the University of Alabama in Huntsville (UAH)...

John R. Christy; Roy W. Spencer

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Reply to “Comments on ‘A Bias in the Midtropospheric Channel Warm Target Factor on the NOAA-9 Microwave Sounding Unit’”  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The main finding by Po-Chedley and Fu was that the University of Alabama in Huntsville (UAH) microwave sounding unit (MSU) product has a bias in its NOAA-9 midtropospheric channel (TMT) warm target factor, which leads to a cold bias in the TMT ...

Stephen Po-Chedley; Qiang Fu

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Book Review Sound Propagation: An Impedance Based Approach. John Wiley & Sons, Asia (2010). 416 pp., $140.00 USD,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Book Review Sound Propagation: An Impedance Based Approach. John Wiley & Sons, Asia (2010). 416 pp., $140.00 USD, ISBN:10:0470825839 This book is based on the courses taught by Yang-Hann Kim at Korea retains the essential ingredients of a text book. The reader is well advised to read the preface first

Singh, Rajendra

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "merged sounding vap" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Quality-Controlled Upper-Air Sounding Dataset for TiMREX/SoWMEX: Development and Corrections  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

During the Terrain-Influenced Monsoon Rainfall Experiment (TiMREX), which coincided with Taiwan’s Southwesterly Monsoon Experiment—2008 (SoWMEX-08), the upper-air sounding network over the Taiwan region was enhanced by increasing the radiosonde (“...

Paul E. Ciesielski; Wen-Ming Chang; Shao-Chin Huang; Richard H. Johnson; Ben Jong-Dao Jou; Wen-Chau Lee; Po-Hsiung Lin; Ching-Hwang Liu; Junhong Wang

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Puget Sound Operational Forecast System - A Real-time Predictive Tool for Marine Resource Management and Emergency Responses  

SciTech Connect

To support marine ecological resource management and emergency response and to enhance scientific understanding of physical and biogeochemical processes in Puget Sound, a real-time Puget Sound Operational Forecast System (PS-OFS) was developed by the Coastal Ocean Dynamics & Ecosystem Modeling group (CODEM) of Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL). PS-OFS employs the state-of-the-art three-dimensional coastal ocean model and closely follows the standards and procedures established by National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) National Ocean Service (NOS). PS-OFS consists of four key components supporting the Puget Sound Circulation and Transport Model (PS-CTM): data acquisition, model execution and product archive, model skill assessment, and model results dissemination. This paper provides an overview of PS-OFS and its ability to provide vital real-time oceanographic information to the Puget Sound community. PS-OFS supports pacific northwest region’s growing need for a predictive tool to assist water quality management, fish stock recovery efforts, maritime emergency response, nearshore land-use planning, and the challenge of climate change and sea level rise impacts. The structure of PS-OFS and examples of the system inputs and outputs, forecast results are presented in details.

Yang, Zhaoqing; Khangaonkar, Tarang; Chase, Jared M.; Wang, Taiping

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Acoustics by additive manufacturing.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This study focuses on exploring the merging field of additive manufacturing and acoustics and introduces a new type of sound absorber which is regulating performance… (more)

Setaki, F.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Sound power and pressure level measurements in the inlet and outlet of an HRSG duct  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The ever-increasing size of cogeneration facilities has mandated the need for noise abatement in the design stage. Many noise projection models are available to the industry for predicting noise levels in an adjacent to new installations. However, the models all require accurate source noise information if valid noise predictions are to be expected. As a consequence of designing one of the world`s largest cogeneration installations involving eight Model W-701 turbine units and their Heat Recovery Steam Generators (HRSGs), it became apparent that the attention between the exhaust of the Generators (HRSGs), it became apparent that the attention between the exhaust of the turbine and the outlet of the HRSGs was not well known. Not having this information posed potentially expensive noise abatement modifications during the design and construction phases. In order to verify the adequacy of scaling studies from a W-501 turbine and HRSG to the W-701 system, a comprehensive field test of an existing W-501 installation was conducted. This paper describes the design of an acoustic intensity and sound pressure probe to operate inside the high-temperature ductwork, the access engineering required, data acquisition, and final results concerning noise attenuation across the HRSG.

Jungbauer, D.E.; Unruh, J.F.; Pantermuehl, P.J. [Southwest Research Institute, San Antonio, TX (United States); Rose, S. [Enron Power Corp., Houston, TX (United States)

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Puget Sound Area Electric Reliability Plan : Scoping Summary Report - Part B Preliminary Technical Analysis Appendix A.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes in general terms the nature of the voltage instability problem facing the Puget Sound area. The following two chapters cover the technical aspects of the problem. It deals with load growth, the root cause of the problem. Also addressed is the capacity of the current power system and the criteria for future system planning. It also explains the technical results of transmission system modeling which confirm the system's vulnerability to voltage instability, the principal symptom of the problem. The results of the scoping process in each of the four measure categories are presented. Included are lists of all options identified, a discussion of the screening criteria, and descriptions of the measures that survived the screening process and are proposed for further evaluation in Phase 2. We discuss the evaluation methodology which will be used to refine the analyses. The next steps in the planning process are outlined. It also describes the short term operational agreements that will assure continued reliable service until a long term solution is in place. 8 figs., 22 tabs.

United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

1991-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

101-SY waste sample speed of sound/rheology testing for sonic probe program  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

One problem faced in the clean-up operation at Hanford is that a number of radioactive waste storage tanks are experiencing a periodic buildup and release of potentially explosive gases. The best known example is Tank 241-SY-101 (commonly referred to as 101-SY) in which hydrogen gas periodically built up within the waste to the point that increased buoyancy caused a roll-over event, in which the gas was suddenly released in potentially explosive concentrations (if an ignition source were present). The sonic probe concept is to generate acoustic vibrations in the 101-SY tank waste at nominally 100 Hz, with sufficient amplitude to cause the controlled release of hydrogen bubbles trapped in the waste. The sonic probe may provide a potentially cost-effective alternative to large mixer pumps now used for hydrogen mitigation purposes. Two important parameters needed to determine sonic probe effectiveness and design are the speed of sound and yield stress of the tank waste. Tests to determine these parameters in a 240 ml sample of 101-SY waste (obtained near the tank bottom) were performed, and the results are reported.

Cannon, N.S.

1994-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

427

Underwater sounds recorded from migrating bowhead whales, B a l a e n a m y s t i c e t u s, in 1979  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Bowhead whale sounds were recorded from sonobuoys in the course of conducting aerial surveys of the Beaufort Sea during spring and fall migrations in 1979. Sounds were recorded over 28 day (spring) and 12 day (fall) investigations. Most bowhead sounds in both spring and fall samples were low?frequency (below 800 Hz) moans of two classes: simple and complex. Repetitive moan sequences were found in the spring sample and are regarded as simple songs. No such repetitive sequences were found in fall recordings. High?frequency (to 4 kHz) trumpeting calls were recorded in the fall. No particular behavior

Donald K. Ljungblad; Paul O. Thompson; Sue E. Moore

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

ENERGY CONSERVATION AND GRAVITY WAVES IN SOUND-PROOF TREATMENTS OF STELLAR INTERIORS. II. LAGRANGIAN CONSTRAINED ANALYSIS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The speed of sound greatly exceeds typical flow velocities in many stellar and planetary interiors. To follow the slow evolution of subsonic motions, various sound-proof models attempt to remove fast acoustic waves while retaining stratified convection and buoyancy dynamics. In astrophysics, anelastic models typically receive the most attention in the class of sound-filtered stratified models. Generally, anelastic models remain valid in nearly adiabatically stratified regions like stellar convection zones, but may break down in strongly sub-adiabatic, stably stratified layers common in stellar radiative zones. However, studying stellar rotation, circulation, and dynamos requires understanding the complex coupling between convection and radiative zones, and this requires robust equations valid in both regimes. Here we extend the analysis of equation sets begun in Brown et al., which studied anelastic models, to two types of pseudo-incompressible models. This class of models has received attention in atmospheric applications, and more recently in studies of white-dwarf supernova progenitors. We demonstrate that one model conserves energy but the other does not. We use Lagrangian variational methods to extend the energy conserving model to a general equation of state, and dub the resulting equation set the generalized pseudo-incompressible (GPI) model. We show that the GPI equations suitably capture low-frequency phenomena in both convection and radiative zones in stars and other stratified systems, and we provide recommendations for converting low-Mach number codes to this equation set.

Vasil, Geoffrey M.; Lecoanet, Daniel [Department of Astronomy and Theoretical Astrophysics Center, University of California Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); Brown, Benjamin P.; Zweibel, Ellen G. [Department of Astronomy, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706-1582 (United States); Wood, Toby S., E-mail: vasil@cita.utoronto.ca [Department of Applied Mathematics and Statistics, Baskin School of Engineering, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA (United States)

2013-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

429

ENERGY CONSERVATION AND GRAVITY WAVES IN SOUND-PROOF TREATMENTS OF STELLAR INTERIORS. PART I. ANELASTIC APPROXIMATIONS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Typical flows in stellar interiors are much slower than the speed of sound. To follow the slow evolution of subsonic motions, various sound-proof equations are in wide use, particularly in stellar astrophysical fluid dynamics. These low-Mach number equations include the anelastic equations. Generally, these equations are valid in nearly adiabatically stratified regions like stellar convection zones, but may not be valid in the sub-adiabatic, stably stratified stellar radiative interiors. Understanding the coupling between the convection zone and the radiative interior is a problem of crucial interest and may have strong implications for solar and stellar dynamo theories as the interface between the two, called the tachocline in the Sun, plays a crucial role in many solar dynamo theories. Here, we study the properties of gravity waves in stably stratified atmospheres. In particular, we explore how gravity waves are handled in various sound-proof equations. We find that some anelastic treatments fail to conserve energy in stably stratified atmospheres, instead conserving pseudo-energies that depend on the stratification, and we demonstrate this numerically. One anelastic equation set does conserve energy in all atmospheres and we provide recommendations for converting low-Mach number anelastic codes to this set of equations.

Brown, Benjamin P.; Zweibel, Ellen G. [Department of Astronomy, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706-1582 (United States); Vasil, Geoffrey M., E-mail: bpbrown@astro.wisc.edu [Canadian Institute for Theoretical Astrophysics, University of Toronto, 60 St. George Street, Toronto, ON M5S 3H8 (Canada)

2012-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

430

Biological Sampling and Analysis in Sinclair and Dyes Inlets, Washington: Chemical Analyses for 2007 Puget Sound Biota Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Evaluating spatial and temporal trends in contaminant residues in Puget Sound fish and macroinvertebrates are the objectives of the Puget Sound Ambient Monitoring Program (PSAMP). In a cooperative effort between the ENVironmental inVESTment group (ENVVEST) and Washington State Department of Fish and Wildlife, additional biota samples were collected during the 2007 PSAMP biota survey and analyzed for chemical residues and stable isotopes of carbon (?13C) and nitrogen (?15N). Approximately three specimens of each species collected from Sinclair Inlet, Georgia Basin, and reference locations in Puget Sound were selected for whole body chemical analysis. The muscle tissue of specimens selected for chemical analyses were also analyzed for ?13C and ?15N to provide information on relative trophic level and food sources. This data report summarizes the chemical residues for the 2007 PSAMP fish and macro-invertebrate samples. In addition, six Spiny Dogfish (Squalus acanthias) samples were necropsied to evaluate chemical residue of various parts of the fish (digestive tract, liver, embryo, muscle tissue), as well as, a weight proportional whole body composite (WBWC). Whole organisms were homogenized and analyzed for silver, arsenic, cadmium, chromium, copper, nickel, lead, zinc, mercury, 19 polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) congeners, PCB homologues, percent moisture, percent lipids, ?13C, and ?15N.

Brandenberger, Jill M.; Suslick, Carolynn R.; Johnston, Robert K.

2008-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

431

Phased Array Ultrasonic Sound Field Mapping through Large-Bore Coarse Grained Cast Austenitic Stainless Steel (CASS) Components  

SciTech Connect

A sound field beam mapping exercise was conducted to assist in understanding the effects of coarse-grained microstructures found in cast austenitic stainless steel (CASS) materials on acoustic longitudinal wave propagation. Ultrasonic laboratory measurements were made on three specimens representing four different grain structures. Phased array (PA) probes were fixed on each specimen surface and excited in the longitudinal mode at specific angles while a point receiver was scanned in a raster pattern over the end of the specimen, generating a transmitted sound field image. Three probes operating at nominal frequencies of 0.5, 0.8, and 1.0 MHz were used. A 6.4 mm (0.25-in.) thick slice was removed from the specimen end and beam mapping was repeated three times, yielding four full sets of beam images. Data were collected both with a constant part path for each configuration (probe, specimen and slice, angle, etc.) and with a variable part path (fixed position on the surface). The base specimens and slices were then polished and etched to reveal measureable grain microstructures that were compared to the sound field interactions and scattering effects seen in the collected data.

Crawford, Susan L.; Cinson, Anthony D.; Prowant, Matthew S.; Coble, Jamie B.; Diaz, Aaron A.; Anderson, Michael T.

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Warm Core Structures in Organized Cloud Clusters Developing or Not Developing into Tropical Storms Observed by the Advanced Microwave Sounding Unit  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The temperature profiles of organized cloud clusters developing or not developing (nondeveloping) into tropical storms (TSs; maximum surface wind >34 kt) over the western North Pacific in 2004 were investigated using Advanced Microwave Sounding ...

Kotaro Bessho; Tetsuo Nakazawa; Shuji Nishimura; Koji Kato

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

The Assimilation of Observations from the Advanced Microwave Sounding Unit over Sea Ice in the French Global Numerical Weather Prediction System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The aim of this study is to test the feasibility of assimilating microwave observations from the Advanced Microwave Sounding Units (AMSU-A and AMSU-B) through the implementation of an appropriate parameterization of sea ice emissivity. AMSU ...

Fatima Karbou; Florence Rabier; Catherine Prigent

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Diurnal Land–Sea Rainfall Peak Migration over Sumatera Island, Indonesian Maritime Continent, Observed by TRMM Satellite and Intensive Rawinsonde Soundings  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The diurnal cycle of rainfall and its regional variation over Sumatera Island, Indonesian Maritime Continent, are examined using Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) satellite precipitation radar (PR) and intensive rawinsonde sounding data. ...

Shuichi Mori; Hamada Jun-Ichi; Yudi Iman Tauhid; Manabu D. Yamanaka; Noriko Okamoto; Fumie Murata; Namiko Sakurai; Hiroyuki Hashiguchi; Tien Sribimawati

2004-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

INTERCOMPARISON OF WATER VAPOR CALIBRATION CONSTANTS DERIVED FROM IN-SITU AND DISTANT SOUNDINGS FOR A RAMAN-LIDAR OPERATING IN THE AMAZON  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

INTERCOMPARISON OF WATER VAPOR CALIBRATION CONSTANTS DERIVED FROM IN-SITU AND DISTANT SOUNDINGS such measurements on tropical regions. Indeed, there were important field campaigns in the Amazon that explored some

Barbosa, Henrique

436

Use of a Maximum Entropy Method as a Regularization Technique during the Retrieval of Trace Gas Profiles from Limb Sounding Measurements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The retrieval of trace gas profiles from radiance measurements of limb sounding instruments represents an inverse problem: vertical profiles of mixing ratios have to be extracted from sequences of horizontally measured radiances recorded by a ...

J. Steinwagner; G. Schwarz; S. Hilgers

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Broadband Acoustic Environment at a Tidal Energy Site in Puget Sound  

SciTech Connect

Admiralty Inlet has been selected as a potential tidal energy site. It is located near shipping lanes, is a highly variable acoustic environment, and is frequented by the endangered southern resident killer whale (SRKW). Resolving environmental impacts is the first step to receiving approval to deploy tidal turbines. Several monitoring technologies are being considered to determine the presence of SRKW near the turbines. Broadband noise level measurements are critical for determining design and operational specifications of these technologies. Acoustic environment data at the proposed site was acquired at different depths using a cabled vertical line array from three different cruises during high tidal period in February, May, and June 2011. The ambient noise level decreases approximately 25 dB re 1 ?Pa per octave from frequency ranges of 1 kHz to 70 kHz, and increases approximately 20 dB re 1 ?Pa per octave for the frequency from 70 kHz to 200 kHz. The difference of noise pressure levels in different months varies from 10 to 30 dB re 1 ?Pa for the frequency range below 70 kHz. Commercial shipping and ferry vessel traffic were found to be the most significant contributors to sound pressure levels for the frequency range from 100 Hz to 70 kHz, and the variation could be as high as 30 dB re 1 ?Pa. These noise level measurements provide the basic information for designing and evaluating both active and passive monitoring systems proposed for deploying and operating for tidal power generation alert system.

Xu, Jinshan; Deng, Zhiqun; Martinez, Jayson J.; Carlson, Thomas J.; Myers, Joshua R.; Weiland, Mark A.

2012-04-04T23:59:59.000Z

438

Failure Root Cause of PCI Suspect Fuel Rods from Kernkraftwerk Leibstadt (KKL) Reactor: Part 2: PIE of Failed and Sibling Sound Rods  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Researchers can best determine in-reactor fuel behavior by performing detailed post irradiation examinations (PIE) of carefully selected fuel rods. By applying PIE techniques to failed and sibling sound rods, they can often determine the failure mechanism or root cause. Similarly, they can obtain critical performance-limiting data by PIE of sound high burn-up fuel rods. The investigations and results detailed in this report achieve both of these goals.

2000-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

439

{lambda}{alpha}DM: Observational constraints on unified dark matter with constant speed of sound  

SciTech Connect

We consider the hypothesis that dark energy and dark matter are the two faces of a single dark component, a unified dark matter (UDM) that we assume can be modeled by the affine equation of state (EoS) P=p{sub 0}+{alpha}{rho}, resulting in an effective cosmological constant {rho}{sub {lambda}}=-p{sub 0}/(1+{alpha}). The affine EoS arises from the simple assumption that the speed of sound is constant; it may be seen as an approximation to an unknown barotropic EoS P=P({rho}), and may as well represent the tracking solution for the dynamics of a scalar field with appropriate potential. Furthermore, in principle the affine EoS allows the UDM to be phantom. We constrain the parameters of the model, {alpha} and {omega}{sub {lambda}}, using data from a suite of different cosmological observations, and perform a comparison with the standard {lambda}CDM model, containing both cold dark matter and a cosmological constant. First considering a flat cosmology, we find that the UDM model with affine EoS fits the joint observations very well, better than {lambda}CDM, with best-fit values {alpha}=0.01{+-}0.02 and {omega}{sub {lambda}}=0.70{+-}0.04 (95% confidence intervals). The standard model (best-fit {omega}{sub {lambda}}=0.71{+-}0.04), having one less parameter, is preferred by a Bayesian model comparison. However, the affine EoS is at least as good as the standard model if a flat curvature is not assumed as a prior for {lambda}CDM. For the latter, the best-fit values are {omega}{sub K}=-0.02{sub -0.02}{sup +0.01} and {omega}{sub {lambda}}=0.71{+-}0.04, i.e. a closed model is preferred. A phantom UDM with affine EoS is ruled out well beyond 3{sigma}.

Balbi, Amedeo [Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita di Roma 'Tor Vergata', via della Ricerca Scientifica 1, 00133 Rome (Italy); INFN Sezione di Roma 'Tor Vergata', via della Ricerca Scientifica 1, 00133 Rome (Italy); Bruni, Marco [Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita di Roma 'Tor Vergata', via della Ricerca Scientifica 1, 00133 Rome (Italy); INFN Sezione di Roma 'Tor Vergata', via della Ricerca Scientifica 1, 00133 Rome (Italy); Institute of Cosmology and Gravitation, University of Portsmouth, Mercantile House, Portsmouth PO1 2EG (United Kingdom); Quercellini, Claudia [Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita di Roma 'Tor Vergata', via della Ricerca Scientifica 1, 00133 Rome (Italy)

2007-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

440

ARM - Data Announcements Article  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

New Evaluation Product Provides Thermodynamic Variables from Multiple New Evaluation Product Provides Thermodynamic Variables from Multiple Instruments Bookmark and Share INTERPSONDE output from the SGP Central Facility during the Midlatitude Continental Convective Clouds Experiment from April 26, 2011. INTERPSONDE output from the SGP Central Facility during the Midlatitude Continental Convective Clouds Experiment from April 26, 2011. The Interpolated Sonde (INTERPSONDE) value-added product (VAP) is an intermediate step of the MERGESONDE VAP that produces a daily file of atmospheric state variables (temperature, humidity, pressure, and winds) from radiosonde soundings, the microwave radiometer, and surface meteorological instruments. INTERPSONDE includes many of the same sophisticated scaling/interpolation/smoothing schemes that are the hallmark

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441

Hot Cell Examination of Broken GE14 Spacer Grid and Sound Fuel Rod Irradiated in Forsmark-3 BWR  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A Global Nuclear Fuel (GNF)-designed GE14 fuel rod8212operated to approximately 40 GWd/MTU bundle average exposure in the Forsmark-3 boiling water reactor (BWR) in Osthammar, Sweden8212was examined at the Studsvik Nuclear hot cell laboratory in Nykping, Sweden. During re-channeling and rod retrieval, it was found that the first spacer grid was broken in the same bundle. Along with the one sound GE14 fuel rod, the broken spacer grid piece was sent to the Studsvik facility for examination. This report prov...

2008-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

442

A globally convergent algorithm for the frequency sounding and Slichter-Langer-Tikhonov problem of electrical prospecting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The paper presents a globally convergent algorithm for solving coefficient inverse problems. Being rooted in the globally convergent numerical method (SIAM J. Sci. Comput., 31, No.1 (2008), pp. 478-509) for solving multidimensional coefficient inverse problems, it has two distinctive features: the new iterative and refinement procedures. These novelties enhance, sometimes significantly, both the spatial and contrast resolutions. The computational effectiveness of the proposed technique is demonstrated in numerical experiments with two applied coefficient inverse problems: electromagnetic or acoustic frequency sounding and electrical prospecting of layered media. The Slichter-Langer-Tikhonov formulation is exploited as a mathematical model of the latter.

Michael V. Klibanov; Alexandre Timonov

2013-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

443

On the significance of density-induced speed of sound variations on US-guided radiotherapy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Purpose: To show the effect of speed of sound (SOS) aberration on ultrasound guided radiotherapy (US-gRT) as a function of implemented workflow. US systems assume that SOS is constant in human soft tissues (at a value of 1540 m/s), while its actual nonuniform distribution produces small but systematic errors of up to a few millimeters in the positions of scanned structures. When a coregistered computerized tomography (CT) scan is available, the US image can be corrected for SOS aberration. Typically, image guided radiotherapy workflows implementing US systems only provide a CT scan at the simulation (SIM) stage. If changes occur in geometry or density distribution between SIM and treatment (TX) stage, SOS aberration can change accordingly, with a final impact on the measured position of structures which is dependent on the workflow adopted. Methods: Four basic scenarios were considered of possible changes between SIM and TX: (1) No changes, (2) only patient position changes (rigid rotation-translation), (3) only US transducer position changes (constrained on patient's surface), and (4) patient tissues thickness changes. Different SOS aberrations may arise from the different scenarios, according to the specific US-gRT workflow used: intermodality (INTER) where TX US scans are compared to SIM CT scans; intramodality (INTRA) where TX US scans are compared to SIM US scans; and INTERc and INTRAc where all US images are corrected for SOS aberration (using density information provided by SIM CT). For an experimental proof of principle, the effect of tissues thickness change was simulated in the different workflows: a dual layered phantom was filled with layers of sunflower oil (SOS 1478 m/s), water (SOS 1482 m/s), and 20% saline solution (SOS 1700 m/s). The phantom was US scanned, the layer thicknesses were increased and the US scans were repeated. The errors resulting from the different workflows were compared. Results: Theoretical considerations show that workflows implementing SOS correction based on SIM-CT scan (INTERc, INTRAc) give null errors in all scenarios except when tissues thickness changes, where an error proportional to the degree of change in SOS maps between SIM and TX ({Delta}SOS) occurs. An uncorrected workflow such as INTER produces in all scenarios a pure SOS error, while uncorrected INTRA produces a null error for rotation-translation of the patient, a {Delta}SOS error for changing tissues thickness and an error proportional to the degree of SOS distribution change along the different lines of view when shifting the transducer. The dual layered phantom demonstrated experimentally that the effect of SOS change between SIM and TX is clinically nonrelevant, being less than the intrinsic resolution of imaging systems, even when a substantial change in thicknesses is applied, provided that a SIM-CT-based SOS aberration correction is applied. Noncorrected workflows produce errors up to 4 mm for INTER and to 3 mm for INTRA in the phantom test. Conclusions: A SOS correction is advantageous for all US-gRT workflows and clinical cases, where the effect of SOS change can be considered a second order effect.

Fontanarosa, Davide; Meer, Skadi van der; Verhaegen, Frank [Department of Radiation Oncology (MAASTRO), GROW - School for Oncology and Developmental Biology, Maastricht University Medical Center, Maastricht 6201 BN (Netherlands); Department of Radiation Oncology (MAASTRO), GROW - School for Oncology and Developmental Biology, Maastricht University Medical Center, Maastricht 6201 BN (Netherlands) and Medical Physics Unit, Oncology Department, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec H3G 1A4 (Canada)

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

444

Simulation of annual biogeochemical cycles of nutrient balance, phytoplankton bloom(s), and DO in Puget Sound using an unstructured grid model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Nutrient pollution from rivers, nonpoint source runoff, and nearly 100 wastewater discharges is a potential threat to the ecological health of Puget Sound with evidence of hypoxia in some basins. However, the relative contributions of loads entering Puget Sound from natural and anthropogenic sources, and the effects of exchange flow from the Pacific Ocean are not well understood. Development of a quantitative model of Puget Sound is thus presented to help improve our understanding of the annual biogeochemical cycles in this system using the unstructured grid Finite Volume Coastal Ocean Model (FVCOM) framework and the Integrated Compartment Model (CE QUAL-ICM) water quality kinetics. Results based on 2006 data show that phytoplankton growth and die-off, succession between two species of algae, nutrient dynamics, and dissolved oxygen in Puget Sound are strongly tied to seasonal variation of temperature, solar radiation, and the annual exchange and flushing induced by upwelled Pacific Ocean waters. Concentrations in the mixed outflow surface layer occupying approximately 5?20 m of the upper water column show strong effects of eutrophication from natural and anthropogenic sources, spring and summer algae blooms, accompanied by depleted nutrients but high dissolved oxygen levels. The bottom layer reflects dissolved oxygen and nutrient concentrations of upwelled Pacific Ocean water modulated by mixing with biologically active surface outflow in the Strait of Juan De Fuca prior to entering Puget Sound over the Admiralty Inlet. The effect of reflux mixing at the Admiralty Inlet sill resulting in lower nutrient and higher dissolved oxygen levels in bottom waters of Puget Sound than the incoming upwelled Pacific Ocean water is reproduced. By late winter, with the reduction in algal activity, water column constituents of interest, were renewed and the system appeared to reset with cooler temperature, higher nutrient, and higher dissolved oxygen waters from the Pacific Ocean.

Khangaonkar, Tarang; Sackmann, Brandon S.; Long, Wen; Mohamedali, Teizeen; Roberts, Mindy

2012-08-14T23:59:59.000Z

445

Proper Setup of HVAC System in Conjunction with Sound Building 'Skin' Design for Alleviation of IAQ and Energy Performance Problems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy consumption in buildings is a growing concern. Many buildings are energy hogs simply because they were not set up properly to begin with. The building envelope and infiltration of unconditioned air is also a major concern in hot and humid climates, not only because of the loss of energy, but also because of damage that can result to insulation, drywall, and structure in addition to promotion of mold and mildew growth. Proper setup of the HVAC system, in conjunction with sound building “skin” design, can alleviate many of these problems. This paper will explain how most mixed air HVAC systems are set up with problems to begin with and how to identify and solve those problems. It will explain different control schemes that specifically deal with proper building pressurization

Rosenberg, M.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Photoacoustically Measured Speeds of Sound and the Equation of State of HBO2: On Understanding Detonation with Boron Fuel  

SciTech Connect

Elucidation of geodynamic, geochemical, and shock induced processes is limited by challenges to accurately determine molecular fluid equations of state (EOS). High pressure liquid state reactions of carbon species underlie physiochemical mechanisms such as differentiation of planetary interiors, deep carbon sequestration, propellant deflagration, and shock chemistry. In this proceedings paper we introduce a versatile photoacoustic technique developed to measure accurate and precise speeds of sound (SoS) of high pressure molecular fluids and fluid mixtures. SoS of an intermediate boron oxide, HBO{sub 2} are measured up to 0.5 GPa along the 277 C isotherm. A polarized exponential-6 interatomic potential form, parameterized using our SoS data, enables EOS determinations and corresponding semi-empirical evaluations of >2000 C thermodynamic states including energy release from bororganic formulations. Our thermochemical model propitiously predicts boronated hydrocarbon shock Hugoniot results.

Zaug, J M; Bastea, S; Crowhurst, J; Armstrong, M; Fried, L; Teslich, N

2010-03-09T23:59:59.000Z

447

Diagnosis of the Low-Level Jet using a sounding analysis scheme and the ETA model, a case study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The LLJ transports moisture northward from the Gulf of Mexico into the Great Plains. Proper detection of the LLJ is important in aviation and forecasting. Standard atmospheric charts are usually insufficient in properly depicting the structure and intensity of the LLJ. This limitation arises because the LLJ climbs in altitude as it flows northward. A sounding analysis scheme is presented as an alternative to currently existing LLJ detection methods. The intensity and aerial coverage of the LLJ were studied using this analysis scheme during a case study from May 1995. The data set used consisted of 80-km Eta model output. When compared to other methods, the developed analysis scheme showed more LLJ detail and structure. The LLJ appeared with multiple cores as opposed to one long and continuous core, as typically depicted at the 850-mb level. This fits in with current research that shows the existence of multiple LLJ cores caused by different factors, such as synoptic influences, orography, and a strong low-level pressure gradient. The method developed in this research is proposed as an alternate method for LLJ detection.

Wigginton, Scott Barrett

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Puget Sound Area Electric Reliability Plan. Appendix D, Conservation, Load Management and Fuel Switching Analysis : Draft Environmental Impact Statement.  

SciTech Connect

Various conservation, load management, and fuel switching programs were considered as ways to reduce or shift system peak load. These programs operate at the end-use level, such as residential water heat. Figure D-1a shows what electricity consumption for water heat looks like on normal and extreme peak days. Load management programs, such as water heat control, are designed to reduce electricity consumption at the time of system peak. On the coldest day in average winter, system load peaks near 8:00 a.m. In a winter with extremely cold weather, electricity consumption increases fr all hours, and the system peak shifts to later in the morning. System load shapes in the Puget Sound area are shown in Figure D-1b for a normal winter peak day (February 2, 1988) and extreme peak day (February 3, 1989). Peak savings from any program are calculated to be the reduction in loads on the entire system at the hour of system peak. Peak savings for all programs are measured at 8:00 a.m. on a normal peak day and 9:00 a.m. on an extreme peak day. On extremely cold day, some water heat load shifts to much later in the morning, with less load available for shedding at the time of system peak. Models of hourly end-use consumption were constructed to simulate the impact of conservation, land management, and fuel switching programs on electricity consumption. Javelin, a time-series simulating package for personal computers, was chosen for the hourly analysis. Both a base case and a program case were simulated. 15 figs., 7 tabs.

United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

1991-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Sound relativistic quantum mechanics for a strictly solitary nonzero-mass particle, and its quantum-field reverberations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is generally acknowledged that neither the Klein-Gordon equation nor the Dirac Hamiltonian can produce sound solitary-particle relativistic quantum mechanics due to the ill effects of their negative-energy solutions; instead their field-quantized wavefunctions are reinterpreted as dealing with particle and antiparticle simultaneously--despite the clear physical distinguishability of antiparticle from particle and the empirically known slight breaking of the underlying CP invariance. The natural square-root Hamiltonian of the free relativistic solitary particle is iterated to obtain the Klein-Gordon equation and linearized to obtain the Dirac Hamiltonian, steps that have calculational but not physical motivation, and which generate the above-mentioned problematic negative-energy solutions as extraneous artifacts. Since the natural square root Hamiltonian for the free relativistic solitary particle contrariwise produces physically unexceptionable quantum mechanics, this article focuses on extending that Hamiltonian to describe a solitary particle (of either spin 0 or spin one-half) in relativistic interaction with an external electromagnetic field. That is achieved by use of Lorentz-covariant solitary-particle four momentum techniques together with the assumption that well-known nonrelativistic dynamics applies in the particle's rest frame. Lorentz-invariant solitary particle actions, whose formal Hamiltonization is an equivalent alternative approach, are as well explicitly displayed. It is proposed that two separate solitary-particle wavefunctions, one for a particle and the other for its antiparticle, be independently quantized in lieu of "reinterpreting" negative energy solutions--which indeed don't even afflict proper solitary particles.

Steven Kenneth Kauffmann

2009-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

450

Characterization of condenser microphones under different environmental conditions for accurate speed of sound measurements with acoustic resonators  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Condenser microphones are more commonly used and have been extensively modeled and characterized in air at ambient temperature and static pressure. However, several applications of interest for metrology and physical acoustics require to use these transducers in significantly different environmental conditions. Particularly, the extremely accurate determination of the speed of sound in monoatomic gases, which is pursued for a determination of the Boltzmann constant k by an acoustic method, entails the use of condenser microphones mounted within a spherical cavity, over a wide range of static pressures, at the temperature of the triple point of water (273.16 K). To further increase the accuracy achievable in this application, the microphone frequency response and its acoustic input impedance need to be precisely determined over the same static pressure and temperature range. Few previous works examined the influence of static pressure, temperature, and gas composition on the microphone's sensitivity. In this work, the results of relative calibrations of 1/4 in. condenser microphones obtained using an electrostatic actuator technique are presented. The calibrations are performed in pure helium and argon gas at temperatures near 273 K and in the pressure range between 10 and 600 kPa. These experimental results are compared with the predictions of a realistic model available in the literature, finding a remarkable good agreement. The model provides an estimate of the acoustic impedance of 1/4 in. condenser microphones as a function of frequency and static pressure and is used to calculate the corresponding frequency perturbations induced on the normal modes of a spherical cavity when this is filled with helium or argon gas.

Guianvarc'h, Cecile; Pitre, Laurent [Laboratoire Commun de Metrologie LNE/Cnam, 61 rue du Landy, 93210 La Plaine Saint Denis (France); Gavioso, Roberto M.; Benedetto, Giuliana [Istituto Nazionale di Ricerca Metrologica, Strada delle Cacce 91, 10135 Turin (Italy); Bruneau, Michel [Laboratoire d'Acoustique de l'Universite du Maine UMR CNRS 6613, av. Olivier Messiaen, 72085 Le Mans Cedex 9 (France)

2009-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

451

Impacts of Anthropogenic Sound  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

continental shlef oil and gas exploration, development, andal. 2004). Offshore oil and gas exploration and constructionshipping, off- shore oil and gas exploration and drilling,

Hildebrand, John A

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

The Sound of Light  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Rodrigo Manriquez and Jeff Gerwing reflect on two design projects — both lobbies — which, although similar, posed different challenges, and

Relighting Lobbies

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Sculpting space through sound  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

How does one experience space? What kind of information do humans collect in the process of constructing space in their mind? How does one begin to understand volume, light, texture, material, smell and sense of space? The ...

Nakagawa, Junko, 1975-

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Impacts of Anthropogenic Sound  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the chapter. Underwater nuclear tests and ship-shock trials1963 all nuclear states signed the Limited Test Ban Treaty,testing nuclear weapons underwater. The Comprehensive Test

Hildebrand, John A

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Microsoft Word - O473XBChg1Merge.doc  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3.XB 3.XB Approved: 09-17-07 Review Date: 09-17-11 Change 1: 11-27-07 LOCK AND KEY CONTROL LOCK AND KEY CONTROL NSO O 473.XB Chg 1 11-27-07 1 Vertical line denotes change 1. OBJECTIVE. This Order provides National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) Nevada Site Office (NNSA/NSO) policies and procedures for the implementation of Lock and Key Control and Accountability as outlined in DOE M 470.4-2, Chapter X. 2. CANCELLATION. NSO O 473.XA, LOCK AND KEY CONTROL, dated 11-6-06. 3. APPLICABILITY. a. The provision of this Order applies to all NNSA/NSO organizational elements. b. The Contractor Requirements Document (CRD), Attachment 1, sets forth intended requirements to be applied to contractors, National Laboratories, other federal agencies, and other user organizations. Compliance with the CRD will

456

Positive and Negative Ion Beam Merging System for Neutral Beam ...  

APPLICATIONS OF TECHNOLOGY: Semiconductor manufacturing; Low- and medium-energy ion implantation; Fusion plasma systems requiring neutral beam ...

457

NPDES Individual Permit for Industrial Facilities - Mail Merge Template  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

No. TN0002968 No. TN0002968 Authorization to discharge under the National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) Issued By Tennessee Department of Environment and Conservation Division of Water Pollution Control 401 Church Street 6th Floor, L & C Annex Nashville, Tennessee 37243-1534 Under authority of the Tennessee Water Quality Control Act of 1977 (T.C.A. 69-3-101 et seq.) and the delegation of authority from the United States Environmental Protection Agency under the Federal Water Pollution Control Act, as amended by the Clean Water Act of 1977 (33 U.S.C. 1251, et seq.) Discharger: USDOE-Oak Ridge Y12 National Security Complex is authorized to discharge: process wastewaters and other wastewaters which have been accepted for treatment via waste acceptance procedures, cooling

458

Light transport simulation with vertex connection and merging  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Developing robust light transport simulation algorithms that are capable of dealing with arbitrary input scenes remains an elusive challenge. Although efficient global illumination algorithms exist, an acceptable approximation error in a reasonable amount ... Keywords: bidirectional path tracing, density estimation, global illumination, importance sampling, light transport, photon mapping

Iliyan Georgiev; Jaroslav K?ivánek; TomᚠDavidovi?; Philipp Slusallek

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Software Pipelining in Nested Loops with Prolog-Epilog Merging  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Software pipelining (or modulo scheduling) is a powerful back-end optimization to exploit instruction and vector parallelism. Software pipelining is particularly popular for embedded devices as it improves the computation throughput without increasing ...

Mohammed Fellahi; Albert Cohen

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Bayesian Model Merging for Unsupervised Constituent Labeling and Grammar Induction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of electricity purchased and used by MSU. Default eGRID region and sub- region emissions coefficients for Bozeman

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "merged sounding vap" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

toward an integrated theory of suicidal behaviors: merging the ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

articulate a theory of suicide. In 1981, Maris stated that “theory-building is a ..... hopelessness, and reasons for living to suicidal behaviors. This study is of limited

462

Merging photovoltaic hardware development with hybrid applications in the USA  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The use of multi-source power systems, ``hybrids,`` is one of the fastest growing, potentially significant markets for photovoltaic (PV) system technology today. Cost-effective applications today include remote facility power, remote area power supplies, remote home and village power, and power for dedicated electrical loads such as communications systems. This market sector is anticipated to be one of the most important growth opportunities for PV over the next five years. The US Department of Energy (USDOE) and Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) are currently engaged in an effort to accelerate the adoption of market-driven PV hybrid power systems and to effectively integrate PV with other energy sources. This paper provides details of this development and the ongoing hybrid activities in the United States. Hybrid systems are the primary focus of this paper.

Bower, W.

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Microsoft Word - O470XAChg1merge.doc  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

attention of management for approval. 6. REFERENCES. NSO M 450.X2-1, UNDERGROUND NUCLEAR TESTING, TEST READINESS, AND THRESHOLD TEST BAN TREATY VERIFICATION, dated 5-30-07. 7....

464

Extended caching, backjumping and merging for expressive description logics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

With this contribution we push the boundary of some known optimisations such as caching to the very expressive Description Logic $\\mathcal{SROIQ}$. The developed method is based on a sophisticated dependency management and a precise unsatisfiability ...

Andreas Steigmiller; Thorsten Liebig; Birte Glimm

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

The greedy path-merging algorithm for sequence assembly  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Two different approaches to determining the human genome are currently being pursued: one is the “clone-by-clone” approach, employed by the publicly-funded. Human Genome Project, and the other is the “whole genome shotgun” approach, ...

Daniel H. Huson; Knut Reinert; Eugene Myers

2001-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Laboratory Experiments on the Merging of Nonlinear Anticyclonic Eddies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The mutual interaction of two isolated lenslike eddies is examined with the aid of a laboratory experiment on a rotating table. The isolated anticyclonic eddies are formed by withdrawing two cylinders containing a mixture of Freon (with a density ...

Doron Nof; Leslie M. Simon

1987-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Researchers Describe Project to Merge Cloud Computing and Supercomputi...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

DD project was to demonstrate a proof-of-concept capability for this novel high-performance computing (HPC) environment. The "traditional" cloud design approach often starts with...

468

Increasing Freeway Merge Capacity Through On-Ramp Metering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1998), ALINEA local ramp metering-summary of field results,adaptive local ramp metering strategy, In Transportation2002), Freeway ramp metering: an overview, IEEE Transactions

Rudjanakanoknad, Jittichai

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Orientation system in Robots: Merging Allothetic and Idiothetic Estimations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

such as a magnetic compass or the tracking of a very distant and non ambiguous landmark (polar star method) whereas the magnetic field of the earth. · A distant and non ambiguous landmark is not always visible: tracking the sun exploration applications, in urban canyon (in the environment of the fig 2 b) for instance), in indoor

Gaussier, Philippe

470

Microsoft Word - Rev 2 CLEAN MASTER Merged Document Sept 2012  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2 Introduction The Department of Energy (DOE) has established (eSRS) as its strategic plan for transforming Savannah River Site (SRS) knowledge, experience and resources...

471

Circulation Regimes due to Attractor Merging in Atmospheric Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

From a dynamical systems theory perspective, the mechanisms of atmospheric regime behavior in a barotropic model, a pseudobarotropic model, and a baroclinic three-level model, where all of them show quite realistic regimes, are unveiled. Along ...

Mario Sempf; Klaus Dethloff; Dörthe Handorf; Michael V. Kurgansky

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Formal Verification of a Merge-Sort Program  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... int B = ceiling(log2(max(size(A),1))), list(list(real)) C = explode.list(A), list(list(real)) Y = iter(B,msort.step,C), list(real) Z = flatten(Y), result (Z). ...

2013-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

473

Merging High Resolution Geophysical and Geochemical Surveys to...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

This program will combine detailed gravity, high resolution aeromagnetic, and LIDAR data, all of which will be combined for structural modeling, with hyperspectral data,...

474

Ambient Monitoring for Sinclair and Dyes Inlets, Puget Sound, Washington: Chemical Analyses for 2012 Regional Mussel Watch  

SciTech Connect

Under the Project ENVVEST Final Project Agreement, the Puget Sound Naval Shipyard & Intermediate Maintenance Facility (PSNS&IMF), Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), Washington State Department of Ecology (Ecology), and local stakeholders have worked collaboratively to improve the environmental quality of Sinclair and Dyes Inlets. A regional mussel monitoring program began in 2010 to assess the status and trend of ecological resources, assess the effectiveness of cleanup and pollution control measures, and determine if discharges from all sources are protective of beneficial uses including aquatic life. The program collected indigenous mussels to represent a time-integrated measure of bioavailable metals and organic chemicals present in the water column. This document supplements the 2010 indigenous mussel data with 2012 data to provide two years of data on the chemical residue of mussels present in the inter-tidal regions of Sinclair Inlet, Dyes Inlet, Port Orchard Passage, Rich Passage, Agate Passage, Liberty Bay, and Keyport Lagoon. The 2012 data set added one station at PSNS&IMF and one market samples from Penn Cove. Indigenous mussels were collected from a small boat and/or from along the shoreline, measured, composited, and analyzed for percent lipids, percent moisture, stable isotopes of carbon and nitrogen, and a suite of trace metals and organic contaminants. The trace metals included silver (Ag), arsenic (As), cadmium (Cd), copper (Cu), mercury (Hg), lead (Pb), and zinc (Zn). The organic contaminants included the list of NOAA Status and Trends 20 polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB) congeners and suite of parent and methylated polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). The average lengths between the 2010 and 2012 data were generally less than 30% relative percent difference (RPD). Generally, the metals concentrations were lower in 2012 than 2010 with some notable exceptions in Sinclair Inlet and Rich Passage where increases in Ag, Hg, Pb, Cu, and Zn exceeded an RPD of 50% between years. However, they did not exceed the bioaccumulation critical values or the critical body residues corresponding to the no observed effect dose (NOED) and the lowest observed effect dose (LOED) with one exception. The Cd concentrations exceeded the NOED and LOED for the Manchester Lab Pier and the Pike Place Market samples. For the PAHs and PCB, the 2012 data were generally lower than 2010 and some cases significantly lower for PAHs and none of the available invertebrate benchmarks were exceeded.

Brandenberger, Jill M.; Kuo, Li-Jung; Suslick, Carolynn R.; Johnston, Robert K.

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Author manuscript, published in "2nd Biot Conference on Poromechanics, Grenoble: France (2002)" On measurement of mechanical properties of sound absorbing materials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ABSTRACT: This paper is an overview of quasistatic measurement technique used to determine mechanical properties of sound absorbing materials. Experimental context and behaviour of polymer foam and rock wool are summarized. Concerning parameters are: static and dynamic strains, dynamic effects such as skeleton resonance and coupling with saturating fluid. Material anisotropy and frequency dependance of characteristics are also addressed. It is shown that this technique is well suited for usual material up to 100 Hz. Restrictions occurs for thin samples of very high air flow resistivity and for fibrous material that do not exhibit a linear behaviour with static strain.

N. Dauchez; M. Etchessahar; S. Sahraoui

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Annual Report: 2010-2011 Storm Season Sampling For NON-DRY DOCK STORMWATER MONITORING FOR PUGET SOUND NAVAL SHIPYARD, BREMERTON, WA  

SciTech Connect

This interim report summarizes the stormwater monitoring conducted for non-dry dock outfalls in both the confined industrial area and the residential areas of Naval Base Kitsap within the Puget Sound Naval Shipyard (referred to as the Shipyard). This includes the collection, analyses, and descriptive statistics for stormwater sampling conducted from November 2010 through April 2011. Seven stormwater basins within the Shipyard were sampled during at least three storm events to characterize non-dry dock stormwater discharges at selected stormwater drains located within the facility. This serves as the Phase I component of the project and Phase II is planned for the 2011-2012 storm season. These data will assist the Navy, USEPA, Ecology and other stakeholders in understanding the nature and condition of stormwater discharges from the Shipyard and inform the permitting process for new outfall discharges. The data from Phase I was compiled with current stormwater data available from the Shipyard, Sinclair/Dyes Inlet watershed, and Puget Sound in order to support technical investigations for the Draft NPDES permit. The permit would require storm event sampling at selected stormwater drains located within the Shipyard. However, the data must be considered on multiple scales to truly understand potential impairments to beneficial uses within Sinclair and Dyes Inlets.

Brandenberger, Jill M.; Metallo, David; Johnston, Robert K.; Gebhardt, Christine; Hsu, Larry

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

EIS-0470: U.S. Department of Energy Loan Guarantee for the Cape Wind Energy Project on the Outer Continental Shelf off Massachusetts, Nantucket Sound  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The DOE Loan Programs Office is proposing to offer a loan guarantee to Cape Wind Associates, LLC for the construction and start-up of the Cape Wind Energy Project in Nantucket Sound, offshore of Massachusetts. The proposed Cape Wind Energy Project would consist of up to 130, 3.6-MW turbine generators, in an area of roughly 25-square miles, and would include 12.5 miles of 115-kilovolt submarine transmission cable and an electric service platform. To inform DOE's decision regarding a loan guarantee, DOE adopted the Department of the Interior’s 2009 Final Cape Wind Energy Project EIS, in combination with two Cape Wind Environmental Assessments dated May 2010 and April 2011 (per 40 CFR 1506.4), as a DOE Final EIS (DOE/EIS-0470). The adequacy of the Department of the Interior final EIS adopted by DOE is the subject of a judicial action.

478

On the absence of a positive sound dispersion in the THz dynamics of glycerol: an inelastic x-ray scattering study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The high frequency transport properties of glycerol are derived from inelastic x-ray scattering spectra measured at different pressures and compared with ultrasound absorption data. As a result, the presence of two distinct relaxation processes is inferred: a slow one, occurring in the GHz window and having an essentially structural character, and a fast one, related instead to microscopic degrees of freedom. While the former originates a neat increase of the apparent, i.e. frequency-dependent, sound velocity, the latter induces no visible dispersive effects on the acoustic propagation. The observed behavior is likely paradigmatic of all glass formers near or below the melting and it is here discussed and explained in some detail.

Cunsolo, Alessandro (BNL)

2012-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

479

ARM - Evaluation Product - Interpolated Sonde  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ProductsInterpolated Sonde ProductsInterpolated Sonde Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Evaluation Product : Interpolated Sonde Site(s) GAN SGP TWP General Description The interpolated-sonde value-added product is a modification of the mergesonde VAP that produces a daily file of thermodynamic variables from radiosonde soundings, the microwave radiometer, and surface meteorological instruments. This product does not incorporate ECMWF model output. Interpolated-sonde includes many of the same sophisticated scaling/interpolation/smoothing schemes that are the hallmark of the mergesonde VAP, but there are benefits to excluding ECMWF model output. These benefits include (1) a shorter time lag in producing a thermodynamic profile, and (2) the profiles are independent of the model so comparisons

480

ARM Climate Research Facility Quarterly Value-Added Product Report Fourth Quarter: July 1–September 30, 2012  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this report is to provide a concise status update for value-added products (VAP) implemented by the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Climate Research Facility. The report is divided into the following sections: (1) new VAPs for which development has begun, (2) progress on existing VAPs, (3) future VAPs that have been recently approved, (4) other work that leads to a VAP, and (5) top requested VAPs from the archive.

Sivaraman, C

2012-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "merged sounding vap" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

ARM Climate Research Facility Quarterly Value-Added Product Report First Quarter: October 01-December 31, 2011  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this report is to provide a concise status update for value-added products (VAP) implemented by the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Climate Research Facility. The report is divided into the following sections: (1) new VAPs for which development has begun, (2) progress on existing VAPs, (3) future VAPs that have been recently approved, (4) other work that leads to a VAP, and (5) top requested VAPs from the archive.

Sivaraman, C

2012-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

482

A high resolution geophysical investigation of spatial sedimentary processes in a paraglacial turbid outwash fjord: Simpson Bay, Prince William Sound, Alaska  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Simpson Bay is a turbid, outwash fjord located in northeastern Prince William Sound, Alaska. A high ratio of watershead:basin surface area combined with high precipitation and an easily erodable catchment create high sediment inputs. Fresh water from heavy precipitation and meltwater from high alpine glaciers enter Simpson Bay through bay head rivers and small shoreline creeks that drain the catchment. Side scan sonar, seismic profiling, and high resolution bathymetry were used to investigate the record of modern sedimentary processes. Four bottom types and two seismic faces were described to delineate the distribution of sediment types and sedimentary processes in Simpson Bay. Sonar images showed areas of high backscatter (coarse grain sediment, bedrock outcrops and shorelines) in shallow areas and areas of low backscatter (estuarine mud) in deeper areas. Seismic profiles showed that high backscatter areas reflected emergent glacial surfaces while low backscatter areas indicated modern estuarine mud deposition. The data show terminal morainal bank systems and grounding line deposits at the mouth of the bay and rocky promontories, relict medial moraines, that extend as terrestrial features through the subtidal and into deeper waters. Tidal currents and mass wasting are the major influences on sediment distribution. Hydrographic data showed high spatial variability in surface and bottom currents throughout the bay. Bottom currents are tide dominated, and are generally weak (5-20 cm s-1) in the open water portions of the bay while faster currents are found associated with shorelines, outcrops, and restrictive sills. Tidal currents alone are not enough to cause the lack of estuarine mud deposition in shallow areas. Bathymetric data showed steep slopes throughout the bay suggesting sediment gravity flows. Central Alaska is a seismically active area, and earthquakes are most likely the triggering mechanism of the gravity flows.

Noll, Christian John, IV

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

Schlumberger soundings, audio-magnetotelluric soundings and telluric...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

the Coso Range, and in particular in the area surrounding Coso Hot Springs are reported. Electrical properties of rocks associated with thermal phenomena of the Devil's...

484

Sight and Sound - Project Summary  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Summary Scenario Student Pages Internet Links Index SubjectContent Area: PhysicsBiology Target Audience: This project primarily targets grades 9-12. The project is best suited as...

485

Sound propagation around underwater seamounts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the ocean, low frequency acoustic waves propagate with low attenuation and cylindrical spreading loss over long-ranges, making them an effective tool for underwater source localization, tomography, and communications. ...

Sikora, Joseph J., III

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

Systems for stereophonic sound reinforcement  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Although stereophonic loudspeakersystems for large spaces were developed in well?documented work at Bell Labs nearly 70 years ago

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

Heat-sound insulating wall  

SciTech Connect

The wall comprises a closed acoustic box-structure which is defined by a slightly ribbed sheet and a flat sheet. The boxstructure has lateral ribs which extend beyond the sheet. A panel of high-density mineral wool which is of small thickness is enclosed inside the box-structure. A heat insulator covers the box-structure and the ribs of the box-structure and is protected by an outer trough which has ribs or corrugations perpendicular to the ribs of the box-structure.

Ovaert, F.; Reneault, P.

1980-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

488

Use of Sound for Fish Protection at Power Facilities : A Historical Perspective of the State of the Art : Phase 1 Final Report.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper summarizes the current state of the knowledge of fish hearing, i.e., what is known about fish response to sound, and provides a starting place for investigation into the use of sonic behavior modification to help solve pressing problems in the maintenance and recovery of anadromous and resident fish stocks of the Columbia River Basin. The challenge for scientists and engineers is to understand (1) how and what fish hear, and (2) how to use this knowledge to influence fish behavior or to factor fish sensory systems and behavior into the design of fish protection devices at power-production and water-control facilities. The sections that follow are a studied response to this challenge. In many respects, the search for effective and economical ways to modify fish behavior without physical intervention is one of the grails of fish management, particularly (although not exclusively), relative to electric power production. Within the Columbia River Basin and elsewhere, water is put to many uses not conducive to the health of indigenous fish. Irrigation, impoundment, and hydropower production frequently modify the riverine environment to the detriment of indigenous stocks while creating productive environments for competing or predatory species. The mechanisms of impact are numerous. Water project managers, when faced with the need to reduce impacts of their operations on fish health, generally attempt to divert fish from high-risk to lower-risk regions or manage the environment in such a way as to increase the survival prospects of impacted species. Almost without exception, risk reduction is accomplished by using physical barriers of one form or another. Unfortunately, physical barriers at water projects have several drawbacks, e.g., reducing available water flow for energy production and incurring high maintenance costs. In addition, recent studies (Sale et al. 1991) have documented that once these barriers are installed, they are rarely evaluated for effectiveness relative to design goals and/or regulatory mandates, and even less rarely monitored throughout the life of their use. All in all, there is interest--if not enthusiasm--across the spectrum, from project owners to regulators, in finding alternatives to physical barriers such that risks to fish health can be reduced during their encounter with water-control facilities.

Carlson, Thomas J.

1994-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

Photo Identification, Summer Activity Pattern, Estimated Field Metabolic Rate and Territory Quality of Adult Male Sea Otters (Enhydra lutris) in Simpson Bay, Prince William Sound, Alaska  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This project describes a portion of a long-term study of the behavioral ecology of sea otters. Sub-studies of this project include the development of an individual recognition program for sea otters, the construction of male sea otter activity and energy budgets, and the assessment of male sea otter territory quality. The Sea Otter Nose Matching Program, or "SONMaP", was developed to identify individual sea otters in Simpson Bay, Prince William Sound, Alaska, using a blotch-pattern recognition algorithm based on the shape and location of nose scars. The performance of the SONMaP program was tested using images of otters collected during the 2002-03 field seasons, and previously matched by visually comparing every image in a catalog of 1,638 animals. In 48.9% of the visually matched images, the program accurately selected the correct image in the first 10% of the catalog. Individual follows and instantaneous sampling were used during the summers of 2004-06, to observe male sea otter behavior. Six behaviors (foraging, grooming, interacting with other otters, patrolling, resting, and surface swimming) were observed during four time periods (dawn, day, dusk, night) to create 24-hr activity budgets. Male sea otters spent 27% of their time resting, 26% swimming, 19% grooming, 14% foraging, 9% patrolling and 5% interacting with other otters. Field Metabolic Rate (FMR) was estimated by combining the energetic costs for foraging, grooming, resting, and swimming behaviors of captive otters from Yeates et al. (2007) with these activity budgets. "Swimming" accounted for the greatest percentage (43%) of energy expended each day followed by grooming (23%), resting (15%), feeding (13%) and other (5%). With a peak summer sea otter density of 5.6 otters km-2, the low percentage of time spent foraging indicates that Simpson Bay is below equilibrium density. Territory quality was assessed for male sea otters using four attributes: territory size, shoreline enclosure, accessibility, and number of females observed feeding in each territory. Each attribute was coded with a score of 0-2, and total quality scores ranged from 0.14-1.96 (0.9 + 0.61 SD). High quality territories had large areas, moderate shoreline enclosure, high accessibility, and many foraging females.

Finerty, Shannon E.

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

Improved space carving method for merging and interpolating multiple range images  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Faculty of Information Sciences, Hiroshima City University, 3-4-1, Ozuka-higashi, Asaminami-ku, Hiroshima, Japan ryo-f@cs.hiroshima-cu.ac.jp {t itano,a morisaka}@toc.cs.hiroshima-cu.ac.jp 2 Faculty

Tokyo, University of

491

A BeppoSAX observation of the merging cluster Abell 3266  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present results from a BeppoSAX observation of the rich cluster Abell 3266. The broad band spectrum (2-50 keV) of the cluster, when fitted with an optically thin thermal emission model, yields a temperature of 8.1 +/- 0.2 keV and a metal abundance of 0.17 +/- 0.02 in solar units, and with no evidence of a hard X-ray excess in the PDS spectrum. By performing a spatially resolved spectral analysis we find that the projected temperature drops with increasing radius, going from ~ 10 keV at the cluster core to ~ 5 keV at about 1.5 Mpc. Our BeppoSAX temperature profile is in good agreement with the ASCA temperature profile of Markevitch et al. (1998). From our two-dimensional temperature map we find that the gradient is observed in all azimuthal directions. The temperature gradient may have been caused by a recent merger event also responsible for a velocity dispersion gradient measured in the optical band. The projected metal abundance profile and two-dimensional map are both consistent with being constant.

Sabrina De Grandi; Silvano Molendi

1999-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

492

A BeppoSAX observation of the merging cluster Abell 3266  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present results from a BeppoSAX observation of the rich cluster Abell 3266. The broad band spectrum (2-50 keV) of the cluster, when fitted with an optically thin thermal emission model, yields a temperature of 8.1 +/- 0.2 keV and a metal abundance of 0.17 +/- 0.02 in solar units, and with no evidence of a hard X-ray excess in the PDS spectrum. By performing a spatially resolved spectral analysis we find that the projected temperature drops with increasing radius, going from ~ 10 keV at the cluster core to ~ 5 keV at about 1.5 Mpc. Our BeppoSAX temperature profile is in good agreement with the ASCA temperature profile of Markevitch et al. (1998). From our two-dimensional temperature map we find that the gradient is observed in all azimuthal directions. The temperature gradient may have been caused by a recent merger event also responsible for a velocity dispersion gradient measured in the optical band. The projected metal abundance profile and two-dimensional map are both consistent with being constant.

De Grandi, S; Grandi, Sabrina De

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

Merging qualitative and quantitative criteria for freight investment using scenario planning  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Freight transportation is vital to the economy of the United States. The total volume of freight moving inside the nation is expected to continue growing, while the U.S. transportation system is aging and becoming more ...

Sánchez-Valero, Miguel Ángel

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

ElectroChemical Arsenic Removal (ECAR) for Rural Bangladesh--Merging Technology with Sustainable Implementation  

SciTech Connect

Today, 35-77 million Bangladeshis drink arsenic-contaminated groundwater from shallow tube wells. Arsenic remediation efforts have focused on the development and dissemination of household filters that frequently fall into disuse due to the amount of attention and maintenance that they require. A community scale clean water center has many advantages over household filters and allows for both chemical and electricity-based technologies to be beneficial to rural areas. Full cost recovery would enable the treatment center to be sustainable over time. ElectroChemical Arsenic Remediation (ECAR) is compatible with community scale water treatment for rural Bangladesh. We demonstrate the ability of ECAR to reduce arsenic levels> 500 ppb to less than 10 ppb in synthetic and real Bangladesh groundwater samples and examine the influence of several operating parameters on arsenic removal effectiveness. Operating cost and waste estimates are provided. Policy implication recommendations that encourage sustainable community treatment centers are discussed.

Addy, Susan E.A.; Gadgil, Ashok J.; Kowolik, Kristin; Kostecki, Robert

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

Self-Colonizing eEurope: The Information Society Merges onto the Information Superhighway  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the Pornographic Feature. ”  In Porn Studies, ed.  Linda of the Pornographic Feature,” in  Porn Studies, ed.  Linda Hit Teutonic Wall over Porn,” Christian Science Monitor, 

Schulte, Stephanie R

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

merging multimedia systems are expected to support a wide range of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, and home-based shop- ping--a common feature is the requirement for storing, retrieving, and transporting

Bebis, George

497

Towards accurate and reliable forecasts of Australian seasonal rainfall by calibrating and merging multiple coupled GCMs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The majority of international climate modeling centers now produce seasonal rainfall forecasts from coupled general circulation models (GCMs). Seasonal rainfall forecasting is highly challenging, and GCM forecast accuracy is still poor for many ...

Andrew Schepen; Q. J. Wang

498

Increasing Capacity of an Isolated Merge by Metering its On-Ramp  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Papageorgiou (1995), Ramp metering impact on urban corridorResponsive Strategy for Ramp Metering: Field Results on A62002), Freeway Ramp Metering: An Overview, IEEE Transactions

Cassidy, Michael J.; Rudjanakanoknad, Jittichai

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

The optimizing-simulator: merging simulation and optimization using approximate dynamic programming  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

There is a wide range of simulation problems that involve making decisions during the simulation, where we would like to make the best decisions possible, taking into account not only what we know when we make the decision, but also the impact of the ...

Warren B. Powell

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

Computer analysis of the sensitivity of the integrated assessment model MERGE-5I  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper reports on an application of a large-scale non-linear optimization model to the analysis of environmental problems. The authors present first results of the initial stage of the study, a sensitivity analysis of the model's input parameters. ...

Vyacheslav Maksimov; Leo Schrattenholzer; Yaroslav Minullin

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z