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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "merchant chp power" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Promoting Combined Heat and Power (CHP) for Multifamily Properties...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Promoting Combined Heat and Power (CHP) for Multifamily Properties, 2008 Promoting Combined Heat and Power (CHP) for Multifamily Properties, 2008 The U.S. Department of Housing and...

2

Combined Heat and Power (CHP) Resource Guide for Hospital Applications...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Combined Heat and Power (CHP) Resource Guide for Hospital Applications, 2007 Combined Heat and Power (CHP) Resource Guide for Hospital Applications, 2007 The objective of this 2007...

3

Combined Heat and Power: Expanding CHP in Your State | Department...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Combined Heat and Power: Expanding CHP in Your State Combined Heat and Power: Expanding CHP in Your State This presentation, given through the DOE's Technical Assitance Program...

4

National CHP Roadmap: Doubling Combined Heat and Power Capacity...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

National CHP Roadmap: Doubling Combined Heat and Power Capacity in the United States by 2010, March 2001 National CHP Roadmap: Doubling Combined Heat and Power Capacity in the...

5

Development of an Advanced Combined Heat and Power (CHP) System...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

an Advanced Combined Heat and Power (CHP) System Utilizing Off-Gas from Coke Calcination - Fact Sheet, 2011 Development of an Advanced Combined Heat and Power (CHP) System...

6

Combined Heat and Power (CHP) Integrated with Burners for Packaged...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Combined Heat and Power (CHP) Integrated with Burners for Packaged Boilers Combined Heat and Power (CHP) Integrated with Burners for Packaged Boilers Providing Clean, Low-Cost,...

7

Combined Heat and Power Systems (CHP): Capabilities (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

D&MT Capabilities fact sheet that describes the NREL capabilities related to combined heat and power (CHP).

Not Available

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Fuel Cell Power Model for CHP and CHHP Economics and Performance Analysis (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This presentation describes the fuel cell power model for CHP and CHHP economics and performance analysis.

Steward, D.; Penev, M.

2010-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

9

CHP: It's Time for Combined Heat and Power  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and export 16. Creates local jobs for installation, operation and maintenance 17. Supports competitive electricity market structure General Conclusion It is very much in the PUBLIC interest to support CHP distributed energy… even if the private incentives... of use Electricity Electricity Heat Heat Combined Heat and Power Conventional Generation Building Load Power Plant fuel (66 units of remote energy) Boiler fuel (34 units of on-site energy) CHP fuel (x units of on-site energy) Losses Losses 20 29 20...

Herweck, R.

10

A Preliminary Study on Designing Combined Heat and Power (CHP) System for the University Environment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Combined heat and power (CHP) systems are an evolving technology that is at the front of the energy conservation movement. With the reduction in energy consumption and green house gas emissions, CHP systems are improving the efficiency of power...

Kozman, T. A.; Reynolds, C. M.; Lee, J.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Combined Heat and Power (CHP) Technology Development  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergyENERGYWomenthe HouseStudents2.2 Documentation and ApprovalThe4,Department ofThisThe CHP John

12

The use of combined heat and power (CHP) to reduce greenhouse gas emissions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Cogeneration or Combined Heat and Power (CHP) is the sequential production of electric power and thermal energy. It is a more efficient way of providing electricity and process heat than producing them independently. Average overall efficiencies can range from 70% to more than 80%. CHP decisions often present an opportunity to switch to a cleaner fuel. CHP systems are an attractive opportunity to save money, increase overall efficiency, reduce net emissions, and improve environmental performance. Climate Wise, a US Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA) program helping industrial Partners turn energy efficiency and pollution prevention into a corporate asset, has increased awareness of CHP by providing implementation and savings information, providing peer exchange opportunities for its Partners, and recognizing the achievements of Partners that have implemented CHP at their facilities. This paper profiles Climate Wise Partners that have invested in CHP systems, including describing how CHP is used in their facilities and the resulting cost and emission reductions.

Asrael, J.; Milmoe, P.H.; Haydel, J.

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Combined heat and power (CHP or cogeneration) for saving energy and carbon in commercial buildings  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Combined Heat and Power (CHP) systems simultaneously deliver electric, thermal and mechanical energy services and thus use fuel very efficiently. Today's small-scale CHP systems already provide heat, cooling and electricity at nearly twice the fuel efficiency of heat and power based on power remote plants and onsite hot water and space heating. In this paper, the authors have refined and extended the assessments of small-scale building CHP previously done by the authors. They estimate the energy and carbon savings for existing small-scale CHP technology such as reciprocating engines and two promising new CHP technologies--microturbines and fuel cells--for commercial buildings. In 2010 the authors estimate that small-scale CHP will emit 14--65% less carbon than separate heat and power (SHP) depending on the technologies compared. They estimate that these technologies in commercial buildings could save nearly two-thirds of a quadrillion Btu's of energy and 23 million tonnes of carbon.

Kaarsberg, T.; Fiskum, R.; Romm, J.; Rosenfeld, A.; Koomey, J.; Teagan, W.P.

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

ITP Industrial Distributed Energy: Combined Heat & Power Multifamily Performance Program-- Sea Park East 150 kW CHP System  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Overview of Sea Park East 150 kilowatt (kW) Combined Heat and Power (CHP) System in Brooklyn, New York

15

5th Annual CHP Roadmap Workshop Breakout Group Results, September...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Heat and Power (CHP) Workshop from the following breakout groups: CHP Technologies, CHP Markets, Utility and Regulatory Issues, and CHP Education and Outreach 2004austin.pdf...

16

Combined Heat and Power (CHP) Systems | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

building, merchant stores, light industrial, supermarkets, restaurants, hospitality, health care and high-tech industries. In high-tech industries such as telecommunications,...

17

Thermodynamic Modeling and Analysis of the Ratio of Heat to Power Based on a Conceptual CHP System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The CHP system not only produces electrical energy, but also produces thermal energy. An extensive analysis of the CHP market reveals that one of the most important engineering characteristics is flexibility. A variable heat-to-power ratio has...

Liu, Z.; Li, X.; Liu, Z.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

HUD CHP GUIDE #1 - Questions and Answers ON CHP FOR MULTIFAMILIY...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

2 - FEASIBILITY SCREENING FOR CHP IN MULTIFAMILY HOUSING, May 2009 Promoting Combined Heat and Power (CHP) for Multifamily Properties, 2008 HUD Combined Heat and Power (CHP)...

19

ITP Distributed Energy: CHP Project Development Handbook  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

CHP. CHP is an efficient, clean, and reliable approach to generating power and thermal energy from a single fuel source. CHP can increase operational efficiency and decrease energy...

20

Combined Heat & Power (CHP) -A Clean Energy Solution for Industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

From the late 1970's to the early 1990's cogeneration or CHP saw enormous growth, especially in the process industries. By 1994, CHP provided 42 GW of electricity generation capacity -about 6 percent of the U.S. total. Three manufacturing industries...

Parks, H.; Hoffman, P.; Kurtovich, M.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "merchant chp power" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

HEATMAP©CHP - The International Standard for Modeling Combined Heat and Power Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-CHP--central controlling program ? HEATMAP/AutoCAD Interface program ? HEATCALC--distribution network analysis program ? RELCOST-economic analysis program ? DOE-2 Plant Module-eentral plant. thermal storage and energy cost simulation program 114 ESL-IE-00... a comprehensive simuJation of proposed and existing combined heat and power (CHP) plant and system applications, The software model provides a fully integrated analysis of central power production plants that are linked to district energy...

Bloomquist, R. G.; O'Brien, R. G.

22

A state, characteristics, and perspectives of the Czech combined heating and power (CHP) systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The combined production of electricity and heat is a significant method for saving primary energy sources like fossil fuels, as well as reducing the production of CO{sub 2} and its emission to the atmosphere. The paper discusses the total efficiency of combined heat and power generation (CHP), comparing various types of CHP plants. The paper then describes the situation in the Czech Republic with regard to their centralized heat supply. The author concludes that there is no simple way to rebuild the Czech CHP systems, and that it would be better to start construction on more modern plants. He lists several starting principles to follow in the planning and design stage.

Kadrnozka, J. [Technical Univ. of Brno (Czech Republic)

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

23

CHP, Waste Heat & District Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

and Applications 25 Oct 11 Today's Electric Grid What is CHP * ASHRAE Handbook: "Combined heat and power (CHP). Simultaneous production of electrical or mechanical energy and...

24

Determining Optimal Equipment Capacities in Cooling, Heating and Power (CHP) Systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Evaluation of potential cooling, heating and power (CHP) applications requires an assessment of the operations and economics of a particular system in meeting the electric and thermal demands of a specific end-use facility. A key determinate in whether a candidate system will be economic is the proper selection of equipment capacities. A methodology to determine the optimal capacities for CHP prime movers and absorption chillers using nonlinear optimization algorithms has been coded into a Microsoft Excel spreadsheet tool that performs the capacity optimization and operations simulation. This paper presents details on the use and results of this publicly available tool.

DeVault, Robert C [ORNL; Hudson II, Carl Randy [ORNL

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Micro Cooling, Heating, and Power (Micro-CHP) and Bio-Fuel Center, Mississippi State University  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Initially, most micro-CHP systems will likely be designed as constant-power output or base-load systems. This implies that at some point the power requirement will not be met, or that the requirement will be exceeded. Realistically, both cases will occur within a 24-hour period. For example, in the United States, the base electrical load for the average home is approximately 2 kW while the peak electrical demand is slightly over 4 kW. If a 3 kWe micro- CHP system were installed in this situation, part of the time more energy will be provided than could be used and for a portion of the time more energy will be required than could be provided. Jalalzadeh-Azar [6] investigated this situation and presented a comparison of electrical- and thermal-load-following CHP systems. In his investigation he included in a parametric analysis addressing the influence of the subsystem efficiencies on the total primary energy consumption as well as an economic analysis of these systems. He found that an increase in the efficiencies of the on-site power generation and electrical equipment reduced the total monthly import of electricity. A methodology for calculating performance characteristics of different micro-CHP system components will be introduced in this article. Thermodynamic cycles are used to model each individual prime mover. The prime movers modeled in this article are a spark-ignition internal combustion engine (Otto cycle) and a diesel engine (Diesel cycle). Calculations for heat exchanger, absorption chiller, and boiler modeling are also presented. The individual component models are then linked together to calculate total system performance values. Performance characteristics that will be observed for each system include maximum fuel flow rate, total monthly fuel consumption, and system energy (electrical, thermal, and total) efficiencies. Also, whether or not both the required electrical and thermal loads can sufficiently be accounted for within the system specifications is observed. Case study data for various micro-CHP system configurations have been discussed and compared. Comparisons are made of the different prime mover/fuel combinations. Also, micro- CHP monthly energy cost results are compared for each system configuration to conventional monthly utility costs for equivalent monthly building power, heating, and cooling requirements.

Louay Chamra

2008-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

26

Accelerating CHP Deployment, United States Energy Association...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

as possible considering the diverse interests represented in the national combined heat and power (CHP) dialogue. This paper includes recommendations for accelerating CHP...

27

3rd Annual National CHP Roadmap Workshop CHP and DER for Federal...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

More Documents & Publications National CHP Roadmap: Doubling Combined Heat and Power Capacity in the United States by 2010, March 2001 CHP: Connecting the Gap between Markets...

28

Local Power Empowers: CHP and District Energy (Text Version)...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

technical assistance program presentation. Today we're going to talk about the combined heat and power and district energy possibilities for your local organization. What we're...

29

Op%mal Scheduling of Combined Heat and Power (CHP) Plants1 under Time-sensi%ve Electricity Prices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Op%mal Scheduling of Combined Heat and Power (CHP) Plants1 under Time. Combined heat and power genera%on plants are also called co-genera%on plants. #12. #12;Facing the challenge of variability, the power grid is in transi

Grossmann, Ignacio E.

30

Combined Heat and Power (CHP) Systems | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of Energy Power Systems EngineeringDepartment of4CenterPointChristinaClayCoal toEnergyOffice of

31

Dynamics, Optimization and Control of a Fuel Cell Based Combined Heat Power (CHP) System for Shipboard Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dynamics, Optimization and Control of a Fuel Cell Based Combined Heat Power (CHP) System, a natural gas fuel processor system (FPS), a proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEM-FC) and a catalytic) systems based on fuel cells and fuel processing technologies have great potential for future shipboard

Stefanopoulou, Anna

32

HUD CHP GUIDE #2 - FEASIBILITY SCREENING FOR CHP IN MULTIFAMILY...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

(HUD's) 2002 Energy Action Plan includes an initiative to promote the use of combined heat and power (CHP) in multifamily housing. This 2009 guide "Feasibility Screening for...

33

National CHP Roadmap  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

problems. Yet we have a solution to address all of these simultaneously. Combined heat and power (CHP) can allow us to make progress in solving all of these problems. The...

34

Low-Cost Packaged CHP System with Reduced Emissions - Presentation...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Low-Cost Packaged CHP System with Reduced Emissions - Presentation by Cummins Power Generation, June 2011 Low-Cost Packaged CHP System with Reduced Emissions - Presentation by...

35

Performance Assessment Report Domain CHP System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Performance Assessment Report for the Domain CHP System November 2005 By Burns & McDonnell Engineering #12;Domain CHP System Performance Assessment Report for the Packaged Cooling, Heating and Power

Oak Ridge National Laboratory

36

CHP - New Technologies that Work  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Efficiency 1. Reduces fuel use and operating costs 3. Increases energy security and improves power quality 2. Produces environmental benefits CHP System Design Options BUILDING DEMAND THERMAL ELECTRICAL EXPORT or WASTE } HIGHEST... and Atmosphere ? 6-8 Points ? Materials and Resources ? Environmental Quality ? Design Excellence ? 1 Point https://www.usgbc.org/ CHP System Qualifications ?CHP system efficiency exceeds 60% ?Environmental performance exceeds comparable NG boiler...

Herweck, R.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

CHP RAC Handout_71614.cdr  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Combined heat and power (CHP) is an efficient and clean approach to generating on-site electric power and useful thermal energy from a single fuel source. Instead of purchasing...

38

State Barriers to CHP Development  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Every year, ACEEE collects data on regulatory policies in each state that theoretically serve to promote and discourage combined heat and power (CHP) development. In our annual State Energy Efficiency Scorecard (5), we assess the regulatory...

Chittum, A.; Kaufman, N.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

CHP: Enabling Resilient Energy Infrastructure - Presentations...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

- Presentations from April 2013 Webinar Recognizing the benefits of combined heat and power (CHP) and its current underutilization as an energy resource in the United...

40

CHP -- A revolution in the making  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Liberalization, globalization, and particularly climate change are changing energy thinking. In the future, climate change will be tackled by improved energy efficiency and carbon neutral sources of energy, but much more could be done today by the more widespread use of CHP. CHP has made reasonably good progress in the UK and Europe, due to energy industry liberalization and the widespread availability of gas. But the pursuit of sustainability objectives requires government intervention into liberalized markets. While the current UK Government is a strong supporter of CHP, major opportunities to develop CHP were missed in favor of less efficient CCGT power stations over the last decade. The two critical policy issues in the UK now are the proposed tax on the business use of energy and the current reform of electricity trading arrangements. Both could impact favorably on the development of CHP. The UK CHP Association, COGEN Europe and the International Cogeneration Alliance continue to press the case for CHP.

Green, D.

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "merchant chp power" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Merchant transmission investment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We examine the performance attributes of a merchant transmission investment framework that relies on "market driven" transmission investment to provide the infrastructure to support competitive wholesale markets for ...

Joskow, Paul L.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Obstacles and Opportunity: Overcoming Barriers in Today's CHP Marketplace  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Combined heat and power (CHP), which can offer tremendous efficiency benefits to industrial facilities around the country, continues to be viewed as a long-term efficiency opportunity. However, the high up-front cost of CHP equipment and fuel...

Chittum, A.; Kaufman, N.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Design and Control of Household CHP Fuel Cell System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Design and Control of Household CHP Fuel Cell System PhD. project Dissertation Anders Risum and Control of Household CHP Fuel Cell System" Anders R. Korsgaard, M.Sc. Mechanical Engineering, e-mail: ark for micro combined heat and power (CHP) systems for local households. Several components in the PEM fuel

Berning, Torsten

44

Midwest Region Combined Heat and Power Projects  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

DOE's CHP Technical Assistance Partnerships (CHP TAPs) have compiled a select number of combined heat and power (CHP) project profiles, which are available as Adobe Acrobat PDFs. 

45

Northwest Region Combined Heat and Power Projects  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

DOE's Regional CHP Technical Assistance Partnerships (CHP TAPs) have compiled a select number of combined heat and power (CHP) project profiles, which are available as Adobe Acrobat PDFs.

46

Pacific Region Combined Heat and Power Projects  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

DOE's Regional CHP Technical Assistance Partnerships (CHP TAPs) have compiled a select number of combined heat and power (CHP) project profiles, which are available as Adobe Acrobat PDFs.

47

Northeast Region Combined Heat and Power Projects  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

DOE's Regional CHP Technical Assistance Partnerships (CHP TAPs) have compiled a select number of combined heat and power (CHP) project profiles, which are available as Adobe Acrobat PDFs.

48

The International CHP/DHC Collaborative - Advancing Near-Term...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

International Energy Agency (IEA) has developed a scorecard of national Combined Heat and Power (CHP)District Heat and Cooling (DHC) policy efforts that takes into account three...

49

CHP: Connecting the Gap between Markets and Utility Interconnection...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Markets and Utility Interconnection and Tariff Practices, 2006 The adoption of combined heat and power (CHP) systems by American industries has made substantial strides in the...

50

Barriers to CHP with Renewable Portfolio Standards, Draft White...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

helped spur the growth of renewable energy projects, including solar, wind, and biomass power. This report aims to determine the barriers to CHP that exist within state RPS...

51

CHP Project Development Handbook (U.S. Environmental Protection...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Partnership) The mission of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA's) Combined Heat and Power (CHP) Partnership is to increase the use of cost-effective, environmentally...

52

CHP: Enabling Resilient Energy Infrastructure for Critical Facilities...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

policies designed to promote CHP in critical infrastructure applications. Combined Heat and Power: Enabling Resilient Energy Infrastructure for Critical Facilities (March...

53

CHP Research and Development - Presentation by Oak Ridge National...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

- Presentation by Oak Ridge National Laboratory, June 2011 Presentation on Combined Heat and Power (CHP) Research and Development, given by K. Dean Edwards of Oak Ridge...

54

CHP Education and Outreach Guide to State and Federal Government...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

representatives in the states and the federal government about combined heat and power (CHP). It was compiled in October 2000 and updated October 2005. chpeducationandoutreach...

55

Clean Energy Solutions Large Scale CHP and Fuel Cells Program  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The New Jersey Economic Development Authority (EDA) is offering grants for the installation of combined heat and power (CHP) or fuel cell systems to commercial, industrial, and institutional...

56

Combustion Turbine CHP System for Food Processing Industry -...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

power grid. The fact sheet contains performance data from the plant after one year of operation. Combustion Turbine CHP System for Food Processing Industry More Documents &...

57

Mid-Atlantic Region Combined Heat and Power Projects  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

DOE's CHP Technical Assistance Partnerships (CHP TAPs) have compiled a select number of combined heat and power (CHP) project profiles, which are available as Adobe Acrobat PDFs.

58

Combined Heat and Power for Federal Facilities and the DOE CHP Technical Assistance Partnerships  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-Up fromDepartmentTieCelebrate Earth Codes andDepartment of EnergyPower WebinarPower

59

Combined Heat and Power: A Vision for the Future of CHP in the United  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-Up fromDepartmentTieCelebrate Earth Codes andDepartment of EnergyPowerStates in 2020,

60

Combined heat & Power (CHP), Federal Utility Partnership Working Group Seminar  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-Up fromDepartmentTieCelebrate Earth Codes andDepartment of EnergyPowerStatesiUtility

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "merchant chp power" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

2006-2007 CHP Action Plan, Positioning CHP Value: Solutions for...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

CHP Action Plan, Positioning CHP Value: Solutions for National, Regional and Local Energy Issues, September 2006 2006-2007 CHP Action Plan, Positioning CHP Value: Solutions for...

62

Optimal design and control strategies for novel combined heat and power (CHP) fuel cell systems. Part I of II, datum design conditions and approach.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Energy network optimization (ENO) models identify new strategies for designing, installing, and controlling stationary combined heat and power (CHP) fuel cell systems (FCSs) with the goals of (1) minimizing electricity and heating costs for building owners and (2) reducing emissions of the primary greenhouse gas (GHG) - carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}). A goal of this work is to employ relatively inexpensive simulation studies to discover more financially and environmentally effective approaches for installing CHP FCSs. ENO models quantify the impact of different choices made by power generation operators, FCS manufacturers, building owners, and governments with respect to two primary goals - energy cost savings for building owners and CO{sub 2} emission reductions. These types of models are crucial for identifying cost and CO{sub 2} optima for particular installations. Optimal strategies change with varying economic and environmental conditions, FCS performance, the characteristics of building demand for electricity and heat, and many other factors. ENO models evaluate both 'business-as-usual' and novel FCS operating strategies. For the scenarios examined here, relative to a base case of no FCSs installed, model results indicate that novel strategies could reduce building energy costs by 25% and CO{sub 2} emissions by 80%. Part I of II articles discusses model assumptions and methodology. Part II of II articles illustrates model results for a university campus town and generalizes these results for diverse communities.

Colella, Whitney G.

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

The CO2 Reduction Potential of Combined Heat and Power in California's Commercial Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Darrow, K et al. (2009), “CHP Market Assessment” Integratedwith combined heat and power (CHP) capability deployment ingas emissions (GHG) reductions. CHP applications at large

Stadler, Michael

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

ICEPT Working Paper Comparison of Fuel Cell and Combustion Micro-CHP under Future Residential  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ICEPT Working Paper Comparison of Fuel Cell and Combustion Micro-CHP under Future Residential and Combustion Micro-CHP under Future Residential Energy Demand Scenarios A.D. Hawkes2 and M.A. Leach Centre heat and power (micro-CHP) - a technology to provide heat and some electricity to individual

65

Design of Heat Exchanger for Heat Recovery in CHP Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The objective of this research is to review issues related to the design of heat recovery unit in Combined Heat and Power (CHP) systems. To meet specific needs of CHP systems, configurations can be altered to affect different factors of the design...

Kozman, T. A.; Kaur, B.; Lee, J.

66

Does your facility have CHP potential? Ideal sites will fit the following profile, but sites meeting only a few of these  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Does your facility have CHP potential? Ideal sites will fit the following profile, but sites meeting only a few of these characteristics may also have a cost-effective CHP opportunity: high upgrades are planned. CHP Potential at Federal Sites Combined heat and power (CHP) systems provide thermal

Oak Ridge National Laboratory

67

Report number ex. Ris-R-1234(EN) 1 Local CHP Plants between the Natural Gas and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Report number ex. Risø-R-1234(EN) 1 Local CHP Plants between the Natural Gas and Electricity combined heat and power (CHP) plants in Denmark constitute an important part of the national energy significantly to the electricity production. CHP is, together with the wind power, the almost exclusive

68

Sustaining Operational Efficiency of a CHP System  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This chapter provides background information on why sustaining operations of combined cooling, heating and power systems is important, provides the algorithms for CHP system performance monitoring and commissioning verification, and concludes with a discussion on how these algorithms can be deployed.

Katipamula, Srinivas; Brambley, Michael R.

2010-01-04T23:59:59.000Z

69

ITP Industrial Distributed Energy: 3rd Annual National CHP Roadmap...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

3 rd Annual National CHP Roadmap Workshop CHP and DER for Federal Facilities EPA CHP Partnership Meeting A Combined Event for Federal Facility Managers And CHP Advocates October...

70

ITP Industrial Distributed Energy: HUD CHP GUIDE #2 - FEASIBILITY...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

HUD CHP GUIDE 2: FEASIBILITY SCREENING FOR COMBINED HEAT AND POWER IN MULTIFAMILY HOUSING Prepared for U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development by U.S. Department of...

71

Small Scale CHP and Fuel Cell Incentive Program (New Jersey)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The New Jersey Clean Energy Program (NJCEP) offers incentives for several types of small combined heat and power (CHP) and fuel cell systems that have a generating capacity of 1 MW or less and are...

72

Modelling Danish local CHP on market conditions 1 IAEE European Conference: Modelling in Energy Economics and Policy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Modelling Danish local CHP on market conditions 1 6th IAEE European Conference: Modelling in Energy Economics and Policy 2 - 3 September, ZĂĽrich, Switzerland Modelling Danish local CHP on market conditions, the development of local combined heat and power (CHP) plants has been characterised by large growth throughout

73

Experimental study and modeling of degradation phenomena in HTPEM fuel cell stacks for use in CHP systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Experimental study and modeling of degradation phenomena in HTPEM fuel cell stacks for use in CHP://www.iet.aau.dk ­ * Corresponding author: mpn@iet.aau.dk Abstract: Degradation phenomena in HTPEM fuel cells for use in CHP systems monitored during experiments. Introduction Fuel cell based combined heat and power production (CHP) systems

Berning, Torsten

74

ANALYSIS OF CHP POTENTIAL AT FEDERAL SITES  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document was prepared at the request of the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) under its Technical Guidance and Assistance and Project Financing Programs. The purpose was to provide an estimate of the national potential for combined heat and power (also known as CHP; cogeneration; or cooling, heating, and power) applications at federal facilities and the associated costs and benefits including energy and emission savings. The report provides a broad overview for the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and other agencies on when and where CHP systems are most likely to serve the government's best interest. FEMP's mission is to reduce the cost to and environmental impact of the federal government by advancing energy efficiency and water conservation, promoting the use of renewable energy, and improving utility management decisions at federal sites. FEMP programs are driven by its customers: federal agency sites. FEMP monitors energy efficiency and renewable energy technology developments and mounts ''technology-specific'' programs to make technologies that are in strong demand by agencies more accessible. FEMP's role is often one of helping the federal government ''lead by example'' through the use of advanced energy efficiency/renewable energy (EERE) technologies in its own buildings and facilities. CHP was highlighted in the Bush Administration's National Energy Policy Report as a commercially available technology offering extraordinary benefits in terms of energy efficiencies and emission reductions. FEMP's criteria for emphasizing a technology are that it must be commercially available; be proven but underutilized; have a strong constituency and momentum; offer large energy savings and other benefits of interest to federal sites and FEMP mission; be in demand; and carry sufficient federal market potential. As discussed in the report, CHP meets all of these criteria. Executive Order 13123 directs federal facilities to use CHP when life-cycle costs indicate energy reduction goals will be met. FEMP can assist facilities to conduct this analysis. The model developed for this report estimates the magnitude of CHP that could be implemented under various performance and economic assumptions associated with different applications. This model may be useful for other energy technologies. It can be adapted to estimate the market potential in federal buildings for any energy system based on the cost and performance parameters that a user desires to assess. The model already incorporates a standard set of parameters based on available data for federal buildings including total building space, building type, energy use intensity, fuel costs, and the performance of many prime movers commonly used in CHP applications. These and other variables can be adjusted to meet user needs or updated in the future as new data become available.

HADLEY, S.W.

2002-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

75

Effects of a carbon tax on microgrid combined heat and power adoption  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Modeling with Combined Heat and Power Applications. ”with or without combined heat and power (CHP) equipment,Carbon emissions; Combined heat and power; CHP; Distributed

Siddiqui, Afzal S.; Marnay, Chris; Edwards, Jennifer L.; Firestone, Ryan M.; Ghosh, Srijay; Stadler, Michael

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

CHP R&D Project Descriptions  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The CHP R&D project portfolio includes advanced reciprocating engine systems (ARES), packaged CHP systems, high-value applications, fuel-flexible CHP, and demonstrations of these technologies. Project fact sheets and short project descriptions are provided below:

77

Load control in low voltage level of the electricity grid using CHP appliances  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Load control in low voltage level of the electricity grid using µCHP appliances M.G.C. Bosman, V.g.c.bosman@utwente.nl Abstract--The introduction of µCHP (Combined Heat and Power) appliances and other means of distributed on the transformers and, thus, on the grid. In this work we study the influence of introducing µCHP appliances

Al Hanbali, Ahmad

78

A Better Steam Engine: Designing a Distributed Concentrating Solar Combined Heat and Power System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

solar CHP system supplying arbitrary heat and power outputs.e Electrical power output of system Q Solar CHP to PV yearlysolar Rankine CHP system, sized equally in terms of peak power output,

Norwood, Zachary Mills

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

MICRO-CHP System for Residential Applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This is the final report of progress under Phase I of a project to develop and commercialize a micro-CHP system for residential applications that provides electrical power, heating, and cooling for the home. This is the first phase of a three-phase effort in which the residential micro-CHP system will be designed (Phase I), developed and tested in the laboratory (Phase II); and further developed and field tested (Phase III). The project team consists of Advanced Mechanical Technology, Inc. (AMTI), responsible for system design and integration; Marathon Engine Systems, Inc. (MES), responsible for design of the engine-generator subsystem; AO Smith, responsible for design of the thermal storage and water heating subsystems; Trane, a business of American Standard Companies, responsible for design of the HVAC subsystem; and AirXchange, Inc., responsible for design of the mechanical ventilation and dehumidification subsystem.

Joseph Gerstmann

2009-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

80

RECOVERY ACT CASE STUDY CHP and district energy serve Texas A&M's 5,200-acre campus, which includes 750 buildings.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

RECOVERY ACT CASE STUDY CHP and district energy serve Texas A&M's 5,200-acre campus, which includes in Cost Savings at Large University Recovery Act Funding Supports CHP Texas A&M University is operating a high-efficiency combined heat and power (CHP) system at its district energy campus in College Station

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "merchant chp power" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Merchant Green | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartmentAUDIT REPORTOpenWende New Energy Co LtdInformation NextMerchant Green Jump to:

82

Southwest Gas Corporation- Combined Heat and Power Program  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Southwest Gas Corporation (SWG) offers incentives to qualifying commercial and industrial facilities who install efficient Combined Heat and Power systems (CHP). CHP systems produce localized, on...

83

Eighteenth-century merchant ship interiors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EIGHTEENTH-CENTURY MERCHANT SHIP INTERIORS A Thesis by MARY ANNE RENNER Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF ARTS December 1987 Major Subject...: Anthropology EIGHTEENTH-CENTURY MERCHANT SHIP INTERIORS A Thesis by MARY ANNE RENNER Approved as to style and content by: Don L. Hamilton (Chairman of Committee) David L. Carlson (Member) Clark E. Adams (Member) Vaughn M. B ant, Jr. (Head...

Renner, Mary Anne

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Renewable Energy and Combined Heat and Power Resources in the UK  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.......................................................................................................30 4. Combined Heat and Power (CHP)...................................................................................32 4.1 Current CHP Capacity and Short-term Projections ...................................................32 4.2 The Long-term Potential for CHP in the UK

Watson, Andrew

85

Suggested Treatment of CHP Within an EERS Context  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Discussion Draft: Do not cite SUGGESTED TREATMENT OF CHP WITHIN AN EERS CONTEXT Anna Chittum Research Associate R. Neal Elliott, Ph.D., P.E. Associate Director for Research Dan Trombley Engineering Associate Suzanne Watson Policy... Orleans, LA, May 12-15, 2009 S CHP,ELEC = [(E CHP * H GRID ) ? (F CHP, TOTAL ? F CHP, THERMAL )] / H GRID Expressing the above equation in general form, yields: S CHP,ELEC = E CHP * [1-(F CHP, TOTAL ? F CHP, THERMAL ) / (E CHP * H GRID...

Chittum, A.; Elliott, R. N.; Trombley, D.; Watson, S.

86

A Management Tool for Analyzing CHP Natural Gas Liquids Recovery System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The objective of this research is to develop a management tool for analyzing combined heat and power (CHP) natural gas liquids (NGL) recovery systems. The methodology is developed around the central ideas of product recovery, possible recovery...

Olsen, C.; Kozman, T. A.; Lee, J.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

CHP REGIONAL APPLICATION CENTERS: ACTIVITIES AND SELECTED RESULTS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Between 2001 and 2005, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) created a set of eight Regional Application Centers (RACs) to facilitate the development and deployment of Combined Heat and Power (CHP) technologies. By utilizing the thermal energy that is normally wasted when electricity is produced at central generating stations, Combined Heat and Power installations can save substantial amounts of energy compared to more traditional technologies. In addition, the location of CHP facilities at or near the point of consumption greatly reduces or eliminates electric transmission and distribution losses. The regional nature of the RACs allows each one to design and provide services that are most relevant to the specific economic and market conditions in its particular geographic area. Between them, the eight RACs provide services to all 50 states and the District of Columbia. Through the end of the federal 2009 fiscal year (FY 2009), the primary focus of the RACs was on providing CHP-related information to targeted markets, encouraging the creation and adoption of public policies and incentives favorable to CHP, and providing CHP users and prospective users with technical assistance and support on specific projects. Beginning with the 2010 fiscal year, the focus of the regional centers broadened to include district energy and waste heat recovery and these entities became formally known as Clean Energy Application Centers, as required by the Energy Independence and Security Act (EISA) of 2007. In 2007, ORNL led a cooperative effort to establish metrics to quantify the RACs accomplishments. That effort began with the development of a detailed logic model describing RAC operations and outcomes, which provided a basis for identifying important activities and accomplishments to track. A data collection spreadsheet soliciting information on those activities for FY 2008 and all previous years of RAC operations was developed and sent to the RACs in the summer of 2008. This represents the first systematic attempt at RAC program measurement in a manner consistent with approaches used for other efforts funded by DOE's Industrial Technologies Program (ITP). In addition, data on CHP installations and associated effects were collected for the same years from a state-by-state database maintained for DOE by ICF international. A report documenting the findings of that study was produced in September, 2009. The purpose of the current report is to present the findings from a new study of RAC activities and accomplishments which examined what the Centers did in FY 2009, the last year in which they concentrated exclusively on CHP technologies. This study focused on identifying and describing RAC activities and was not designed to measure how those efforts influenced CHP installations or other outcomes.

Schweitzer, Martin [ORNL

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Federal CHP Potential 1 Does your facility have CHP  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. The Federal building types with greatest CHP potential are hospitals, industrial, and R&D facilities. Figure 1) systems provide thermal energy for buildings or processes while at the same time generating electricity extraordinary efficiency and environmental benefits. The U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) Federal Energy

Oak Ridge National Laboratory

89

CHP Integrated with Burners for Packaged Boilers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of this project was to engineer, design, fabricate, and field demonstrate a Boiler Burner Energy System Technology (BBEST) that integrates a low-cost, clean burning, gas-fired simple-cycle (unrecuperated) 100 kWe (net) microturbine (SCMT) with a new ultra low-NOx gas-fired burner (ULNB) into one compact Combined Heat and Power (CHP) product that can be retrofit on new and existing industrial and commercial boilers in place of conventional burners. The Scope of Work for this project was segmented into two principal phases: (Phase I) Hardware development, assembly and pre-test and (Phase II) Field installation and demonstration testing. Phase I was divided into five technical tasks (Task 2 to 6). These tasks covered the engineering, design, fabrication, testing and optimization of each key component of the CHP system principally, ULNB, SCMT, assembly BBEST CHP package, and integrated controls. Phase I work culminated with the laboratory testing of the completed BBEST assembly prior to shipment for field installation and demonstration. Phase II consisted of two remaining technical tasks (Task 7 and 8), which focused on the installation, startup, and field verification tests at a pre-selected industrial plant to document performance and attainment of all project objectives. Technical direction and administration was under the management of CMCE, Inc. Altex Technologies Corporation lead the design, assembly and testing of the system. Field demonstration was supported by Leva Energy, the commercialization firm founded by executives at CMCE and Altex. Leva Energy has applied for patent protection on the BBEST process under the trade name of Power Burner and holds the license for the burner currently used in the product. The commercial term Power Burner is used throughout this report to refer to the BBEST technology proposed for this project. The project was co-funded by the California Energy Commission and the Southern California Gas Company (SCG), a division of Sempra Energy. These match funds were provided via concurrent contracts and investments available via CMCE, Altex, and Leva Energy The project attained all its objectives and is considered a success. CMCE secured the support of GI&E from Italy to supply 100 kW Turbec T-100 microturbines for the project. One was purchased by the project’s subcontractor, Altex, and a second spare was purchased by CMCE under this project. The microturbines were then modified to convert from their original recuperated design to a simple cycle configuration. Replacement low-NOx silo combustors were designed and bench tested in order to achieve compliance with the California Air Resources Board (CARB) 2007 emission limits for NOx and CO when in CHP operation. The converted microturbine was then mated with a low NOx burner provided by Altex via an integration section that allowed flow control and heat recovery to minimize combustion blower requirements; manage burner turndown; and recover waste heat. A new fully integrated control system was designed and developed that allowed one-touch system operation in all three available modes of operation: (1) CHP with both microturbine and burner firing for boiler heat input greater than 2 MMBtu/hr; (2) burner head only (BHO) when the microturbine is under service; and (3) microturbine only when boiler heat input requirements fall below 2 MMBtu/hr. This capability resulted in a burner turndown performance of nearly 10/1, a key advantage for this technology over conventional low NOx burners. Key components were then assembled into a cabinet with additional support systems for generator cooling and fuel supply. System checkout and performance tests were performed in the laboratory. The assembled system and its support equipment were then shipped and installed at a host facility where final performance tests were conducted following efforts to secure fabrication, air, and operating permits. The installed power burner is now in commercial operation and has achieved all the performance goals.

Castaldini, Carlo; Darby, Eric

2013-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

90

TABLES1.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

ethanol blended into finished motor gasoline and oxygenate production from merchant MTBE plants are also included. d Includes stocks located in the Strategic Petroleum Reserve....

91

CHP at Post Street in Downtown Seattle  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Post Street project had four (4), 7.960 MW, Solar Taurus-70-10801S natural gas combustion turbines. Each turbine equipped with a 40,000 lb/hr heat recovery steam generator (HRSG). The dual-fuel HRSGs was capable of generating steam using gas turbine exhaust heat or surplus electric power. The generation capacity was nominally rated at 29.2 MW. The project as proposed had a fuel rate chargeable to power of 4,900 - 5,880 Btu/kWh dependent on time of year. The CHP plant, when operating at 29.2 MW, can recycle turbine exhaust into supply 145 kpph of steam to SSC per hour. The actual SSC steam loads will vary based on weather, building occupation, plus additions / reductions of customer load served. SSC produces up to 80 kpph of steam from a biomass boiler, which is currently base loaded all year.

Gent, Stan

2012-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

92

State Opportunities for Action: Update of States' CHP Activities...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

& Publications CHP: Connecting the Gap between Markets and Utility Interconnection and Tariff Practices, 2006 Challenges Facing CHP: A State-by-State Assessment (ACEEE), 2011 2008...

93

Database (Report) of U.S. CHP Installations Incorporating Thermal...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Database (Report) of U.S. CHP Installations Incorporating Thermal Energy Storage (TES) andor Turbine Inlet Cooling (TIC), 2004 Database (Report) of U.S. CHP Installations...

94

CHP: A Technical & Economic Compliance Strategy - SEE Action...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

CHP: A Technical & Economic Compliance Strategy - SEE Action Webinar, January 2012 CHP: A Technical & Economic Compliance Strategy - SEE Action Webinar, January 2012 This...

95

Combustion Turbine CHP System for Food Processing Industry -...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Combustion Turbine CHP System for Food Processing Industry - Presentation by Frito-Lay North America, June 2011 Combustion Turbine CHP System for Food Processing Industry -...

96

Integrated CHP/Advanced Reciprocating Internal Combustion Engine...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

With Landfill Gas, October 2002 CHP and Bioenergy Systems for Landfills and Wastewater Treatment Plants CHP and Bioenergy for Landfills and Wastewater Treatment Plants:...

97

Using and Measuring the Combined Heat and Power Advantage  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Combined Heat and Power (CHP), also known as cogeneration, refers to the integration of thermal energy with power generation. CHP is a powerful energy conservation measure that has been identified as an important greenhouse gas reduction measure...

John, T.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

CHP Technical Assistance Partnerships (CHP TAPs) | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers [EERE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion |Energyon ArmedWaste andAccess toSustainableClimateSealingColdEnergyClimateCCHICAGO HOUSE CHP

99

Are CHP Systems Ready for Commercial Buildings?  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper highlights challenges associated with integration of CHP systems with existing buildings and maintaining their performance over time. The paper also identifies key research and development needs to address the challenges, so that CHP technologies can deliver the promised performance and reach their full potential market penetration.

Katipamula, Srinivas; Brambley, Michael R.; Zaltash, Abdi; Sands, Jim

2005-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

100

CHP Deployment | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergy Cooperation |South42.2 (AprilBiden SaysEnergy Office FY144 1.DOE FCHP DeploymentCHP

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "merchant chp power" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

CHP Fuel Cell Durability Demonstration - Final Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Plug Power has managed a demonstration project that has tested multiple units of its high-temperature, PEM fuel cell system in micro-combined heat and power (?-CHP) applications in California. The specific objective of the demonstration project was to substantiate the durability of GenSys Blue, and, thereby, verify its technology and commercial readiness for the marketplace. In the demonstration project, Plug Power, in partnership with the National Fuel Cell Research Center (NFCRC) at the University of California, Irvine (UCI), and Sempra, will execute two major tasks: • Task 1: Internal durability/reliability fleet testing. Six GenSys Blue units will be built and will undergo an internal test regimen to estimate failure rates. This task was modified to include 3 GenSys Blue units installed in a lab at UCI. • Task 2: External customer testing. Combined heat and power units will be installed and tested in real-world residential and/or light commercial end user locations in California.

Petrecky, James; Ashley, Christopher J

2014-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

102

Quick Start Guide: Completing Your CHP September 2013  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Quick Start Guide: Completing Your CHP September 2013 This Laboratory Safety Manual (LSM) is your of what the Washington Department of Labor and Industries calls a "Chemical Hygiene Plan (CHP)." The CHP is required for all laboratories that use hazardous chemicals. EH&S developed much of your CHP for you

Wilcock, William

103

Screening of CHP Potential at Federal Sites in Select Regions of the U.S.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Combined Cooling Heat and Power (CHP) is a master term for onsite power generation technologies that sequentially produce electrical or mechanical energy and useful thermal energy. Some form of CHP has existed for more than 100 years and it is now achieving a greater level of acceptance due to an increasing need for reliable power service and energy cost management. Capturing and using the heat produced as a byproduct of generating electricity from fuel sources increases the usable energy that can be obtained from the original fuel source. CHP technologies have the potential to reduce energy consumption through increased efficiency--decreasing energy bills as well as pollution. The EPA recognizes CHP as a potent climate change mitigation measure. The U.S. Department of Energy (D.O.E.) Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) is assisting Federal agencies to realize their energy efficiency goals. CHP is an efficiency measure that is receiving growing attention because of its sizable potential to provide efficiency, environmental, and reliability benefits. CHP therefore benefits the host facility, the electric infrastructure, and the U.S. society as a whole. This report and study seeks to make a preliminary inquiry into near term CHP opportunities for federal facilities in selected U.S. regions. It offers to help focus the attention of policy makers and energy facility managers on good candidate facilities for CHP. First, a ranked list of high potential individual sites is identified. Then, several classes of federal facilities are identified for the multiple opportunities they offer as a class. Recommendations are then offered for appropriate next steps for the evaluation and cost effective implementation of CHP. This study was designed to ultimately rank federal facilities in terms of their potential to take advantage of CHP economic and external savings in the near term. In order to best serve the purposes of this study, projections have been expressed in terms of sizing CHP to thermal and electrical estimates. The table below is a summary of findings of CHP potential for those federal facilities that chose to participate in the screening process. The study focused on three U.S. regions: California, Texas, and New York/New England. All federal facilities in these three regions with reported building space greater than 100,000 square feet were initial targets to contact and offer CHP screening services. Ranking criteria were developed to screen sites for near term CHP potential. The potential site list was pared down for a variety of reasons including site- specific and agency wide decisions not to participate, desk audit assessments, and untraceable contact information. The results are based upon the voluntary participation of those sites we were able to contact, so they reflect a fraction of the total potential CHP opportunities at federal government facilities.

Energy Nexus Group, . .

2002-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

104

american merchant marine: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Websites Summary: THE SCALING OF FLUVIAL LANDSCAPES Bjrn Birnir Terence R. Smith + Lambda George E. Merchant roughness coefficient of 0:75 and is analogous to an...

105

Recent Developments in CHP Policy in the United States  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

28, 2013) 3. Environmental Protection Agency Combined Heat and Power Partnership. 2012. ?Basic Information.? Fact Sheet. http://www.epa.gov/chp/basic/index.html. (March 29, 2013) 4. Oak Ridge National Laboratory. 2008. ?Combined Heat and Power...://www.whitehouse.gov/the- press-office/2012/08/30/executive-order- accelerating-investment-industrial-energy- efficiency. (March 25, 2013) 6. SEE Action. 2013. ?Upcoming Events.? http://www1.eere.energy.gov/seeaction/events.ht ml. (March 28, 2013) 7. Seryak, John. 2012...

Farley, K.; Chittum, A.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Final Report: Assessment of Combined Heat and Power Premium Power Applications in California  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

heating, cooling, and power (CCHP) system in addition toIn all cases the CHP/CCHP system have a small fraction of1 Diesel generators and CHP/CCHP equipment as installed in

Norwood, Zack

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Implementing CHP in Louisiana: A Case Study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

researching current Federal and Louisiana state policies that regulate the air permitting and utility regulation for CHP systems. After the appropriate air permits and qualification for grid connection are identified, the next step in the process of solving...

Kozman, T. A.; Carriere, J. L.; Lee, J.

108

Energy Efficiency in the Pulp and Paper Industry: Simulation of Steam Challenge and CHP Incentives with ITEMS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ENERGY EFFICIENCY IN THE PULP AND PAPER INDUSTRY: SIMULATION OF STEAM CHALLENGE AND CHP INCENTIVES WITH ITEMS Joseph M. Roop Staff Scientist Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Richland, Washington ABSTRACT# Two programs being.... This document number is PNNL-SA-29768. ? Referred to as ISTUM in (3). industry (here, we use the newer acronym CHP for" combined heat and power"). Our use of ITEMS demonstrates that such programs can be analyzed, and their effec tiveness assessed using...

Roop, J. M.

109

Optimizal design and control strategies for novel Combined Heat and Power (CHP) fuel cell systems. Part II of II, case study results.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Innovative energy system optimization models are deployed to evaluate novel fuel cell system (FCS) operating strategies, not typically pursued by commercial industry. Most FCS today are installed according to a 'business-as-usual' approach: (1) stand-alone (unconnected to district heating networks and low-voltage electricity distribution lines), (2) not load following (not producing output equivalent to the instantaneous electrical or thermal demand of surrounding buildings), (3) employing a fairly fixed heat-to-power ratio (producing heat and electricity in a relatively constant ratio to each other), and (4) producing only electricity and no recoverable heat. By contrast, models discussed here consider novel approaches as well. Novel approaches include (1) networking (connecting FCSs to electrical and/or thermal networks), (2) load following (having FCSs produce only the instantaneous electricity or heat demanded by surrounding buildings), (3) employing a variable heat-to-power ratio (such that FCS can vary the ratio of heat and electricity they produce), (4) co-generation (combining the production of electricity and recoverable heat), (5) permutations of these together, and (6) permutations of these combined with more 'business-as-usual' approaches.

Colella, Whitney G.

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Optimal design and control strategies for novel combined heat and power (CHP) fuel cell systems. Part II of II, case study results.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Innovative energy system optimization models are deployed to evaluate novel fuel cell system (FCS) operating strategies, not typically pursued by commercial industry. Most FCS today are installed according to a 'business-as-usual' approach: (1) stand-alone (unconnected to district heating networks and low-voltage electricity distribution lines), (2) not load following (not producing output equivalent to the instantaneous electrical or thermal demand of surrounding buildings), (3) employing a fairly fixed heat-to-power ratio (producing heat and electricity in a relatively constant ratio to each other), and (4) producing only electricity and no recoverable heat. By contrast, models discussed here consider novel approaches as well. Novel approaches include (1) networking (connecting FCSs to electrical and/or thermal networks), (2) load following (having FCSs produce only the instantaneous electricity or heat demanded by surrounding buildings), (3) employing a variable heat-to-power ratio (such that FCS can vary the ratio of heat and electricity they produce), (4) co-generation (combining the production of electricity and recoverable heat), (5) permutations of these together, and (6) permutations of these combined with more 'business-as-usual' approaches. The detailed assumptions and methods behind these models are described in Part I of this article pair.

Colella, Whitney G.

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

CHP REGIONAL APPLICATION CENTERS: A PRELIMINARY INVENTORY OF ACTIVITIES AND SELECTED RESULTS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Eight Regional CHP Application Centers (RACs) are funded by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) to facilitate the development and deployment of Combined Heat and Power (CHP) technologies in all 50 states. The RACs build end-user awareness by providing CHP-related information to targeted markets through education and outreach; they work with the states and regulators to encourage the creation and adoption of favorable public policies; and they provide CHP users and prospective users with technical assistance and support on specific projects. The RACs were started by DOE as a pilot program in 2001 to support the National CHP Roadmap developed by industry to accelerate deployment of energy efficient CHP technologies (U.S. Combined Heat and Power Association 2001). The intent was to foster a regional presence to build market awareness, address policy issues, and facilitate project development. Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) has supported DOE with the RAC program since its inception. In 2007, ORNL led a cooperative effort involving DOE and some CHP industry stakeholders to establish quantitative metrics for measuring the RACs accomplishments. This effort incorporated the use of logic models to define and describe key RAC activities, outputs, and outcomes. Based on this detailed examination of RAC operations, potential metrics were identified associated with the various key sectors addressed by the RACs: policy makers; regulatory agencies; investor owned utilities; municipal and cooperative utilities; financiers; developers; and end users. The final product was reviewed by a panel of representatives from DOE, ORNL, RACs, and the private sector. The metrics developed through this effort focus on major RAC activities as well as on CHP installations and related outcomes. All eight RACs were contacted in August 2008 and asked to provide data for every year of Center operations for those metrics on which they kept records. In addition, data on CHP installations and related outcomes were obtained from an existing DOE-supported data base. The information provided on the individual RACs was summed to yield totals for all the Centers combined for each relevant item.

Schweitzer, Martin [ORNL

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Supervisory Feed-Forward Control for Real-Time Topping Cycle CHP Operation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents an energy dispatch algorithm for real-time topping cycle Cooling, Heating, and Power (CHP) operation for buildings with the objective of minimizing the operational cost, primary energy consumption (PEC), or carbon dioxide emission (CDE). The algorithm features a supervisory feed-forward control for real-time CHP operation using short-term weather forecasting. The advantages of the proposed control scheme for CHP operation are (a) relatively simple and efficient implementation allowing realistic real-time operation , (b) optimized CHP operation with respect to operational cost, PEC, or CDE, and (c) increased site-energy consumption (SEC) resulting in less dependence on the electric grid. In the feed-forward portion of the control scheme, short-term electric, cooling, and heating loads are predicted using the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) benchmark small office building model. The results are encouraging regarding the potential saving of operational cost, PEC, and CDE from using the control system for a CHP system with electric and thermal energy storages.

Cho, Heejin; Luck, Rogelio; Chamra, Louay M.

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Investigating Methods of Heat Recovery from Low-Temperature PEM Fuel Cells in CHP Applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Heat recovery from low-temperature proton exchange membrane (PEM) fuel cells poses a number of challenges. In response to these challenges, thermodynamic assessments of proposed heat recovery methods are studied in the context of combined heat and power (CHP) for building applications. Preheating combustion air in conjunction with desiccant dehumidification and absorption cooling technologies is one of the two strategies examined in this study. The other approach integrates the PEM fuel cell with a water-loop heat pump (WLHP) for direct heat recovery. As the primary objective, energy-saving potentials of the adopted heat recovery strategies are estimated with respect to various benchmarks. The quantified energy-saving potentials are translated into effective CHP performance indices and compared with those typically specified by the manufacturers for service hot water applications. The need for developing CHP performance protocols is also discussed in light of the proposed energy recovery techniques - thereby, accomplishing the secondary objective.

Jalalzadeh-Azar, A. A.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

ITP Distributed Energy: The Market for CHP in Florida, August...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Current US CHP Capacity Looks Impressive 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 EU 25 USA Russia China Japan India Canada Netherlands UK Finland France Denmark WADE 2006 CHP Capacity,...

115

Procuring Stationary Fuel Cells For CHP: A Guide for Federal Facility Decision Makers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Federal agency leaders are expressing growing interest in using innovative fuel cell combined heat and power (CHP) technology at their sites, motivated by both executive branch sustainability targets and a desire to lead by example in the transition to a clean energy economy. Fuel cell CHP can deliver reliable electricity and heat with 70% to 85% efficiency. Implementing this technology can be a high efficiency, clean energy solution for agencies striving to meet ambitious sustainability requirements with limited budgets. Fuel cell CHP systems can use natural gas or renewable fuels, such as biogas. Procuring Stationary Fuel Cells for CHP: A Guide for Federal Facility Decision Makers presents an overview of the process for planning and implementing a fuel cell CHP project in a concise, step-by-step format. This guide is designed to help agency leaders turn their interest in fuel cell technology into successful installations. This guide concentrates on larger (100 kW and greater) fuel cell CHP systems and does not consider other fuel cell applications such as cars, forklifts, backup power supplies or small generators (<100 kW). Because fuel cell technologies are rapidly evolving and have high up front costs, their deployment poses unique challenges. The electrical and thermal output of the CHP system must be integrated with the building s energy systems. Innovative financing mechanisms allow agencies to make a make versus buy decision to maximize savings. This guide outlines methods that federal agencies may use to procure fuel cell CHP systems with little or no capital investment. Each agency and division, however, has its own set of procurement procedures. This guide was written as a starting point, and it defers to the reader s set of rules if differences exist. The fuel cell industry is maturing, and project developers are gaining experience in working with federal agencies. Technology improvements, cost reductions, and experienced project developers are making fuel cell projects easier to put into service. In this environment, federal decision makers can focus on being smart buyers of fuel cell energy instead of attempting to become experts in fuel cell technology. For agencies that want to pursue a fuel cell CHP this guide presents a four step process for a successful project. 1. Perform a preliminary screening of the energy needs energy costs and incentives. 2. Compare a detailed project plan. 3. Make a financing and contracting decision. 4. Execute the project plan including financing, installation, and operation. The simplest procurement method is designated funding for the outright purchase of the fuel cell CHP system, although this is usually not the most cost-effective option. This guide describes the following financing options: Power purchase agreement Energy savings performance contract Utility energy services contract Enhanced use lease Fuel cell CHP technology can help federal facility managers comply with agency objectives for reducing energy consumption and air pollution emissions. Fuel cells do not generate particulate pollutants, unburned hydrocarbons or the gases that produce acid rain. Fuel cells emit less carbon dioxide (CO2) than other, less efficient technologies and use of renewable fuels can make them carbon neutral. Fuel cell CHP technology can deliver reliable electricity and heat with high efficiency (70% to 85%) in a small physical footprint with little noise, making it a cost-effective option for federal facilities.

Stinton, David P [ORNL; McGervey, Joseph [SRA International, Inc.; Curran, Scott [ORNL

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Biomass DHP/ CHP benefits at local and regional level  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Biomass DHP/ CHP ­ benefits at local and regional level Krzysztof Gierulski EC Baltic RenewableEnergy Workshop, Brussels 01.07.2002 #12;Biomass DHP/ CHP in Poland n Plan of the presentation n Promotion and dissemination of best practices (,,Promotion of conversion to biomass CHP at larger sites in PL", OPET) n

117

Integrating Renewables and CHP into the UK Electricity System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Integrating Renewables and CHP into the UK Electricity System Xueguang Wu, Nick Jenkins, Goran Report 13 #12;1 Integrating Renewables and CHP into the UK Electricity System Tyndall Centre Technical and Regional CHP Projections to 2010 ...............................................18 2.5 Scenarios

Watson, Andrew

118

Designing and control of a SOFC micro-CHP system  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Designing and control of a SOFC micro-CHP system Vincenzo Liso Dissertation submitted 201X #12;Designing and control of a SOFC micro-CHP system Vincenzo Liso c Printed in Denmark by Uni my family #12;ii #12;Abstract Vincenzo Liso April 17-- 2012 Designing and control of a SOFC micro-CHP

Liso, Vincenzo

119

Molecular Cell High-Affinity Binding of Chp1 Chromodomain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Molecular Cell Article High-Affinity Binding of Chp1 Chromodomain to K9 Methylated Histone H3, Chp1, and siRNAs derived from centro- meric repeats. Recruitment of RITS to centromeres has been establishment. Our crystal structure of Chp1's chromodomain in complex with a trimethylated lysine 9 H3 peptide

Halazonetis, Thanos

120

Renewables and CHP Deployment in the UK January 2002  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Renewables and CHP Deployment in the UK to 2020 Jim Watson January 2002 Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research Working Paper 21 #12;Renewables and CHP Deployment in the UK to 2020 Jim Watson Energy....................................................................................................6 3. The Deployment of Renewables and CHP to 2020

Watson, Andrew

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "merchant chp power" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Computational Analysis of Merchant Marine GPS Data* CASOS Technical Report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Keywords: Geospatial analysis, network analysis, clustering * This work was supported in partComputational Analysis of Merchant Marine GPS Data* CASOS Technical Report George B. Davis ISRI - Institute for Software Research International CASOS - Center for Computational Analysis

Sadeh, Norman M.

122

Eighteenth-century colonial American merchant ship construction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Past research on eighteenth-century ships has primarily taken one of two avenues, either focusing on naval warship construction or examining the merchant shipping industry as a whole in terms of trends and economics. While these areas are important...

VanHorn, Kellie Michelle

2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

123

E-Print Network 3.0 - auxiliary power supply Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Workshop Summary: ) Backup Power Systems Portable Power Primary Power Systems--Including CHP Auxiliary Power Units... Development of vendor supply? - Essentially same components...

124

Combined Heat and Power (CHP) Technology Development  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

for June 30 Results: High Efficiency through Advanced Thermodynamics High-performance computing model operational for advanced combustion reciprocating engine ...

125

Accelerating Combined Heat & Power Deployment  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

ACCELERATING COMBINED HEAT & POWER DEPLOYMENT An Industry Consultation by the United States Energy Association August 31, 2011 Cover Photograph: CHP Plant at the Mueller Energy...

126

Combined Heat and Power Projects  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

DOE's CHP Technical Assistance Partnerships (CHP TAPs) have compiled a select number of CHP project profiles.

127

Cooling, Heating, and Power for Industry: A Market Assessment...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Cooling, Heating, and Power for Industry: A Market Assessment, August 2003 Cooling, Heating, and Power for Industry: A Market Assessment, August 2003 Industrial applications of CHP...

128

Combined Heat and Power: A Federal Manager's Resource Guide,...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

& Power Technology Overview and Federal Sector Deployment Local Power Empowers: CHP and District Energy The Future of Absorption Technology in America: A Critical Look at the...

129

E-Print Network 3.0 - auxiliary power annual Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Power Transportation Benefits Efficiencies can be 60% (electrical) and 85% (with CHP... 2 pipelines Fuel Cells for Stationary Power, Auxiliary Power, and Specialty Vehicles...

130

Laboratory-Specific-Documentation-HHN.docx CHP updated 8/21/13 Virginia Tech  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Laboratory-Specific-Documentation-HHN.docx CHP updated 8/21/13 Virginia Tech Chemistry Department Chemical Hygiene Plan This CHP applies to rooms Current worker beginning a new task Reviewing a revised edition of the CHP 1

Crawford, T. Daniel

131

Impact of Integrating Renewables and CHP into the UK Transmission Network  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Impact of Integrating Renewables and CHP into the UK Transmission Network Xueguang Wu, Nick Jenkins of Integrating Renewables and CHP into the UK Transmission Network Xueguang Wu, Nick Jenkins and Goran Strbac ........................................................................................................3 2.2 SCENARIOS FOR CHP

Watson, Andrew

132

ORNL/TM-2001/280 Analysis of CHP Potential  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ORNL/TM-2001/280 Analysis of CHP Potential at Federal Sites February 2002 S. W. Hadley K. L. Kline OF CHP POTENTIAL AT FEDERAL SITES S. W. Hadley K. L. Kline S. E. Livengood J. W. Van Dyke February 2002 for the U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY under contract no. DE-AC05-00OR22725 #12;Federal CHP Potential #12;Federal

Oak Ridge National Laboratory

133

Merchant and Regulated Transmission: Theory, Evidence and Policy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

an unregulated (i.e. merchant) interconnector between the two states, called DirectLink. This was an underground high voltage direct current (HVDC) line, over a much shorter distance of 65 km, and with a much smaller capacity of 180 MW. DirectLink began... Grid submitted a unilateral application for a revised regulatory interconnector called SNI. On 28 April 1999 TransEnergie Australia announced its intention to build an HVDC merchant interconnector called Murraylink between Victoria and SA. It was shorter...

Littlechild, Stephen

134

expanding_chp_in_your_state.doc | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

CHP in Your State Sustainable Energy Resources for Consumers (SERC) - Solar Hot Water Sustainable Energy Resources for Consumers (SERC) - GeothermalGround-Source Heat Pumps...

135

2005 CHP Action Agenda: Innovating, Advocating, and Delivering...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Solutions, October 2005 More than five years since the CHP Challenge and Industry Roadmap was released, this document is intended to provide the situational context in which...

136

U.S. CHP Installations Incorporating Thermal Energy Storage ...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Company of Lisle, Illinois, for UT-Battelle, Oak Ridge National Laboratory. tictesdatabase.pdf More Documents & Publications Database (Report) of U.S. CHP Installations...

137

CHP and Bioenergy Systems for Landfills and Wastewater Treatment...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Systems for Landfills and Wastewater Treatment Plants CHP and Bioenergy Systems for Landfills and Wastewater Treatment Plants There are important issues to consider when selecting...

138

CHP and Bioenergy for Landfills and Wastewater Treatment Plants...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

for Landfills and Wastewater Treatment Plants: Market Opportunities CHP and Bioenergy for Landfills and Wastewater Treatment Plants: Market Opportunities This document explores...

139

Modular CHP System for Utica College: Design Specification, March...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

install and interconnect at the College with minimal time and engineering needs. uticachp.pdf More Documents & Publications Commissioning of CHP Systems - White Paper, April...

140

Optimization Online - Nonlinear Optimisation in CHP-Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nov 14, 2002 ... Nonlinear Optimisation in CHP-Applications. Michael Wigbels (wim ***at*** umsicht.fhg.de) Wilhelm Althaus (alt ***at*** umsicht.fhg.de)

Michael Wigbels

2002-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "merchant chp power" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Opportunities for CHP at Wastewater Treatment Facilities: Market...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

2008 EPA CHP Partnership Update Biomass Program Perspectives on Anaerobic Digestion and Fuel Cell Integration at Biorefineries Biogas Technologies and Integration with Fuel Cells...

142

Flexible CHP System with Low NOx, CO and VOC Emissions - Fact...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Sheet, 2014 Flexible CHP System with Low NOx, CO and VOC Emissions - Fact Sheet, 2014 The Gas Technology Institute, in collaboration with Cannon Boiler Works, Integrated CHP...

143

Combined Heat and Power: Connecting the Gap Between Markets and Utility Interconnection and Tariff Practices (Part 1)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, integrated system (Elliott and Spurr 1999). CHP is not a technology, but an approach to applying technologies. CHP is more energy efficient than separate generation of electricity and thermal energy. Heat that is normally wasted in conventional power... installations are considered DER—only large central generation CHP that focuses on wholesale power generation is not included. Because this report focuses on smaller CHP, we can consider the barriers for these installations to be largely the same...

Brooks, S.; Elswick, B.; Elliott, R. N.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Biomass DHP/ CHP benefits at local and regional level  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Biomass DHP/ CHP ­ benefits at local and regional level Krzysztof Gierulski EC Baltic RenewableEnergy Workshop, Brussels 01.07.2002 http://www.managenergy.net/conference/ren0702/gierulski.pdf #12;Biomass DHP of conversion to biomass CHP at larger sites in PL", OPET) n Technical assistance (,,Feasibility

145

Research, Development and Demonstration of Micro-CHP System for Residential Applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

ECR International and its joint venture company, Climate Energy, are at the forefront of the effort to deliver residential-scale combined heat and power (Micro-CHP) products to the USA market. Part of this substantial program is focused on the development of a new class of steam expanders that offers the potential for significantly lower costs for small-scale power generation technology. The heart of this technology is the scroll expander, a machine that has revolutionized the HVAC refrigerant compressor industry in the last 15 years. The liquid injected cogeneration (LIC) technology is at the core of the efforts described in this report, and remains an excellent option for low cost Micro-CHP systems. ECR has demonstrated in several prototype appliances that the concept for LIC can be made into a practical product. The continuing challenge is to identify economical scroll machine designs that will meet the performance and endurance requirements needed for a long life appliance application. This report describes the numerous advances made in this endeavor by ECR International. Several important advances are described in this report. Section 4 describes a marketing and economics study that integrates the technical performance of the LIC system with real-world climatic data and economic analysis to assess the practical impact that different factors have on the economic application of Micro-CHP in residential applications. Advances in the development of a working scroll steam expander are discussed in Section 5. A rigorous analytical assessment of the performance of scroll expanders, including the difficult to characterize impact of pocket to pocket flank leakage, is presented in Section 5.1. This is followed with an FEA study of the thermal and pressure induced deflections that would result from the normal operation of an advanced scroll expander. Section 6 describes the different scroll expanders and test fixtures developed during this effort. Another key technical challenge to the development of a long life LIC system is the development of a reliable and efficient steam generator. The steam generator and support equipment development is described in Section 7. Just one year ago, ECR International announced through its joint venture company, Climate Energy, that it was introducing to the USA market a new class of Micro-CHP product using the state-of-the-art Honda MCHP gas fired internal combustion (IC) engine platform. We now have installed Climate Energy Micro-CHP systems in 20 pilot demonstration sites for the 2005/2006 heating season. This breakthrough success with IC engine based systems paves the way for future advanced steam cycle Micro-CHP systems to be introduced.

Karl Mayer

2010-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

146

CHP Deployment Program: AMO Technical Assistance Overview  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Year in Review: Top FiveDepartment of Energy BuildingsBuriedJune 28,EnergyDecemberCHP

147

CHP Emissions Reduction Estimator | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartmentAUDIT REPORTOpenWendeGuo FengBoulder, CO)Burundi: EnergyCECG Maine,CHP Emissions

148

MODELING THE DIFFUSION OF MICRO-CHP IN A RESIDENTIAL AREA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

i MODELING THE DIFFUSION OF MICRO-CHP IN A RESIDENTIAL AREA by Christian Chemaly A thesis submitted OF MICRO-CHP IN A RESIDENTIAL AREA by Christian Chemaly A thesis presented on the diffusion of micro-CHP shows that micro-CHP will not reach 50% of the market in less than 20 years. Furthermore it analyses

149

CHP and CHPsim: A Language and Simulator for Fine-Grain Distributed Computation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 CHP and CHPsim: A Language and Simulator for Fine-Grain Distributed Computation Alain J. Martin Abstract--This paper describes a complete and stable version of CHP and the simulator CHPsim. CHP partial versions of the language are already widely used, but CHP has never been presented as a complete

Martin, Alain

150

Comparative Performance Analysis of IADR Operating in Natural Gas-Fired and Waste-Heat CHP Modes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Fuel utilization can be dramatically improved through effective recycle of 'waste' heat produced as a by-product of on-site or near-site power generation technologies. Development of modular compact cooling, heating, and power (CHP) systems for end-use applications in commercial and institutional buildings is a key part of the Department of Energy's (DOE) energy policy. To effectively use the thermal energy from a wide variety of sources which is normally discarded to the ambient, many components such as heat exchangers, boilers, absorption chillers, and desiccant dehumidification systems must be further developed. Recently a compact, cost-effective, and energy-efficient integrated active-desiccant vapor-compression hybrid rooftop (IADR) unit has been introduced in the market. It combines the advantages of an advanced direct-expansion cooling system with the dehumidification capability of an active desiccant wheel. The aim of this study is to compare the efficiency of the IADR operation in baseline mode, when desiccant wheel regeneration is driven by a natural gas burner, and in CHP mode, when the waste heat recovered from microturbine exhaust gas is used for desiccant regeneration. Comparative analysis shows an excellent potential for more efficient use of the desiccant dehumidification as part of a CHP system and the importance of proper sizing of the CHP components. The most crucial factor in exploiting the efficiency of this application is the maximum use of thermal energy recovered for heating of regeneration air.

Petrov, Andrei Y [ORNL; Sand, James R [ORNL; Zaltash, Abdolreza [ORNL

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Combined Heat and Power with Your Local Utility  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Presentation—given at the Fall 2012 Federal Utility Partnership Working Group (FUPWG) meeting—covers combined heat and power (CHP) and its uses, configurations, considerations, and more.

152

ITP Industrial Distributed Energy: Cooling, Heating, and Power...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

United States Government or any agency thereof. Abstract Investigators analyzed the energy consumption and end-user economics of Cooling, Heating, and Power (CHP) systems in...

153

The Role of Incentives in Promoting CHP Development  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

implementation than the presence of financial incentives for CHP, which suggests that getting regulatory and market conditions right may be more important than providing incentives. This finding could also apply to many other facets of energy efficiency policy....

Kaufman, N.; Elliot, R. N.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

ITP Industrial Distributed Energy: CHP Market Potential in the...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

diesel generators that are being converted to CHP. Idaho - There are a large number of potato and beet sugar processing facilities in the state that require large amounts of both...

155

Activation of 200 MW refusegenerated CHP upward regulation effect...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ineLabel":"","visitedicon":"" Display map Period Jul 2009 Dec 2010 References EU Smart Grid Projects Map1 Overview Waste CHP plants can be used in the electricity market for...

156

Activation of 200 MW refusegenerated CHP upward regulation effect...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

CHP plants can be used in the electricity market for upward regulation by bypassing the steam turbine. The technical design for this purpose must ensure that factors such as...

157

Federal strategies to increase the implementation of combined heat and power technologies in the United States  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recent interest in combined heat and power (CHP) is providing momentum to efforts aimed at increasing the capacity of this highly-efficient technology. Factors driving this increase in interest include the need to increase the efficiency of the nation's electricity generation infrastructure, DOE Assistant Secretary Dan Reicher's challenge to double the capacity of CHP by 2010, the success of DOE's Advanced Turbine Systems Program in supporting ultra-efficient CHP technologies, and the necessity of finding cost-effective solutions to address climate change and air quality issues. The federal government is committed to increasing the penetration of CHP technologies in the US. The ultimate goal is to build a competitive market for CHP in which policies and regulations support the implementation of a full suite of technologies for multiple applications. Specific actions underway at the federal level include technology strategies to improve CHP data collection and assessment and work with industry to encourage the development of advanced CHP technologies. Policy strategies include changes to federal environmental permitting procedures including CHP-friendly strategies in federal restructuring legislation, supporting tax credits and changes to depreciation requirements as economic incentives to CHP, working with industry to leverage resources in the development of advanced CHP technologies, educating state officials about the things they can do to encourage CHP, and increasing awareness about the benefits of CHP and the barriers limiting its increased implementation.

Laitner, J.; Parks, W.; Schilling, J.; Scheer, R.

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Preliminary Estimates of Combined Heat and Power Greenhouse GasAbatement Potential for California in 2020  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of this scoping project is to help the California Energy Commission's (CEC) Public Interest Energy Research (PIER) Program determine where it should make investments in research to support combined heat and power (CHP) deployment. Specifically, this project will: {sm_bullet} Determine what impact CHP might have in reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, {sm_bullet} Determine which CHP strategies might encourage the most attractive early adoption, {sm_bullet} Identify the regulatory and technological barriers to the most attractive CHP strategies, and {sm_bullet} Make recommendations to the PIER program as to research that is needed to support the most attractive CHP strategies.

Firestone, Ryan; Ling, Frank; Marnay, Chris; Hamachi LaCommare,Kristina

2007-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

159

3rd Annual National CHP Roadmap Workshop CHP and DER for Federal Facilities  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-Up from theDepartment(October-December 2013Lamps;5SUMMARIES | Department of10EPA CHP

160

Preliminary Estimates of Combined Heat and Power Greenhouse Gas Abatement Potential for California in 2020  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to lower the carbon intensity of the power generationelectricity grid carbon-intensities are considered: •importance of grid carbon intensity. Natural-gas-fired CHP

Firestone, Ryan; Ling, Frank; Marnay, Chris; Hamachi LaCommare, Kristina

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "merchant chp power" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

A Better Steam Engine: Designing a Distributed Concentrating Solar Combined Heat and Power System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

working fluid to power a remote heat engine, as the fluidCHP options. Having a remote heat engine has many advantages

Norwood, Zachary Mills

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Impacts of Increasing Natural Gas Fueled CHP from 20 to 35 Percent...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Impacts of Increasing Natural Gas Fueled CHP from 20 to 35 Percent of Total Electricity Production in Texas, April 2011 Impacts of Increasing Natural Gas Fueled CHP from 20 to 35...

163

Data Collection and Analyses of the CHP System at Eastern Maine...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Data Collection and Analyses of the CHP System at Eastern Maine Medical Center - Final Report, June 2008 Data Collection and Analyses of the CHP System at Eastern Maine Medical...

164

The Center for Health Policy (CHP) works with institutional partners at the local, state,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mission The Center for Health Policy (CHP) works with institutional partners at the local, state into effective policies. The CHP sees research as an integral component of its mission. Center faculty engage

Grishok, Alla

165

NREL's Advanced Thermal Conversion Laboratory at the Center for Buildings and Thermal Systems: On the Cutting-Edge of HVAC and CHP Technology (Revised)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This brochure describes how the unique testing capabilities of NREL's Advanced Thermal Conversion Laboratory at the Center For Buildings and Thermal Systems can help industry meet the challenge of developing the next generation of heating, ventilating, and air-conditioning (HVAC) and combined heat and power (CHP) equipment and concepts.

Not Available

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Monitoring and Commissioning Verification Algorithms for CHP Systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document provides the algorithms for CHP system performance monitoring and commissioning verification (CxV). It starts by presenting system-level and component-level performance metrics, followed by descriptions of algorithms for performance monitoring and commissioning verification, using the metric presented earlier. Verification of commissioning is accomplished essentially by comparing actual measured performance to benchmarks for performance provided by the system integrator and/or component manufacturers. The results of these comparisons are then automatically interpreted to provide conclusions regarding whether the CHP system and its components have been properly commissioned and where problems are found, guidance is provided for corrections. A discussion of uncertainty handling is then provided, which is followed by a description of how simulations models can be used to generate data for testing the algorithms. A model is described for simulating a CHP system consisting of a micro-turbine, an exhaust-gas heat recovery unit that produces hot water, a absorption chiller and a cooling tower. The process for using this model for generating data for testing the algorithms for a selected set of faults is described. The next section applies the algorithms developed to CHP laboratory and field data to illustrate their use. The report then concludes with a discussion of the need for laboratory testing of the algorithms on a physical CHP systems and identification of the recommended next steps.

Brambley, Michael R.; Katipamula, Srinivas; Jiang, Wei

2008-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

167

chp/pcor center for health policy/ center for primary care  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

chp/pcor center for health policy/ center for primary care and outcomes research center overview historicalhighlights 6 Education 12 research 20 Impact 24 outreach 28 Supportingchp/pcor 30 people chp/pcor mission investigators. outreach Over the past decade, CHP/PCOR has pro- duced 25 newsletters, organized nearly 300

Ford, James

168

Formal Verification of CHP Specifications with CADP Illustration on an Asynchronous Network-on-Chip  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Formal Verification of CHP Specifications with CADP Illustration on an Asynchronous Network in the high-level language CHP, by using model checking techniques provided by the CADP toolbox. Our proposal is based on an automatic translation from CHP into LOTOS, the process algebra used in CADP. A translator

Joseph Fourier Grenoble-I, Université

169

Formal Verification of CHP Specifications with CADP, Illustration on an Asynchronous Network-on-Chip  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Formal Verification of CHP Specifications with CADP, Illustration on an Asynchronous Network of the Presentation · Introduction · Translation from CHP to LOTOS · CADP toolbox overview · Verification of ANOC Context & Objective process calculus CHP Petri nets process calculus LOTOS (CEA/Leti) translation

Joseph Fourier Grenoble-I, Université

170

Islanded house operation using a micro CHP Albert Molderink, Vincent Bakker, Johann L. Hurink, Gerard J.M. Smit  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Islanded house operation using a micro CHP Albert Molderink, Vincent Bakker, Johann L. Hurink, The Netherlands email: a.molderink@utwente.nl Abstract-- The µCHP is expected as the successor of the conventional. A µCHP appliance saves money and reduces greenhouse gas emission. An additional functionality of the µCHP

Al Hanbali, Ahmad

171

Network Integration of CHP or It's the Network, Stupid! Dr Gareth P. Harrison and Dr A. Robin Wallace  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Network Integration of CHP or It's the Network, Stupid! Dr Gareth P. Harrison and Dr A. Robin. The European Union CHP Directive requires EU member states to have at least 18% CHP by 2012 and the UK target, CHP is mainly connected to medium or low voltage electrical distribution networks as distributed

Harrison, Gareth

172

A Partial Load Model for a Local Combined Heat and Power Plant  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Partial Load Model for a Local Combined Heat and Power Plant Camilla Schaumburg and power (CHP) plants constitute a not insignificant share of the power production in Denmark, particularly using data from a typical local CHP plant and the years 2003 through 2006 are simulated to assess

173

Research, Development and Demonstration of Micro-CHP Systems for Residential Applications - Phase I  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of the Micro-CHP Phase I effort was to develop a conceptual design for a Micro-CHP system including: Defining market potential; Assessing proposed technology; Developing a proof-of-principle design; and Developing a commercialization strategy. TIAX LLC assembled a team to develop a Micro-CHP system that will provide electricity and heating. TIAX, the contractor and major cost-share provider, provided proven expertise in project management, prime-mover design and development, appliance development and commercialization, analysis of residential energy loads, technology assessment, and market analysis. Kohler Company, the manufacturing partner, is a highly regarded manufacturer of standby power systems and other residential products. Kohler provides a compellingly strong brand, along with the capabilities in product development, design, manufacture, distribution, sales, support, service, and marketing that only a manufacturer of Kohler's status can provide. GAMA, an association of appliance and equipment manufacturers, provided a critical understanding of appliance commercialization issues, including regulatory requirements, large-scale market acceptance issues, and commercialization strategies. The Propane Education & Research Council, a cost-share partner, provided cost share and aided in ensuring the fuel flexibility of the conceptual design. Micro-CHP systems being commercialized in Europe and Japan are generally designed to follow the household thermal load, and generate electricity opportunistically. In many cases, any excess electricity can be sold back to the grid (net metering). These products, however, are unlikely to meet the demands of the U.S. market. First, these products generally cannot provide emergency power when grid power is lost--a critical feature to market success in the U.S. Even those that can may have insufficient electric generation capacities to meet emergency needs for many U.S. homes. Second, the extent to which net metering will be available in the U.S. is unclear. Third, these products are typically not designed for use in households having forced hot-air heating, which is the dominant heating system in the U.S. The U.S. market will also require a major manufacturer that has the reputation and brand recognition, low-cost manufacturing capability, distribution, sales, and service infrastructure, and marketing power to achieve significant market size with a previously unknown and unproven product. History has proven time and time again that small-to-medium-size manufacturers do not have the resources and capabilities to achieve significant markets with such products. During the Phase I effort, the Team developed a conceptual design for a Micro-CHP system that addresses key DOE and U.S. market needs: (1) Provides emergency power adequate for critical household loads, with none of the key drawbacks associated with typical, low-cost emergency generators, such as liquid fuel storage, inability to power ''hard-wired'' loads, need to run temporary extension cords for plug loads, manual set up required, susceptibility to overload, and risk of failure due to lack of maintenance and infrequent operation; (2) Requires no special skills to install--plumbers, electricians and HVAC technicians will typically have all necessary skills; (3) Can be used with the major residential fuels in the U.S., including natural gas and propane, and can be easily adapted to fuel oil as well as emerging fuels as they become available; and (4) Significantly reduces household energy consumption and energy costs.

Robert A. Zogg

2011-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

174

WORKING PARK-FUEL CELL COMBINED HEAT AND POWER SYSTEM  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report covers the aims and objectives of the project which was to design, install and operate a fuel cell combined heat and power (CHP) system in Woking Park, the first fuel cell CHP system in the United Kingdom. The report also covers the benefits that were expected to accrue from the work in an understanding of the full technology procurement process (including planning, design, installation, operation and maintenance), the economic and environmental performance in comparison with both conventional UK fuel supply and conventional CHP and the commercial viability of fuel cell CHP energy supply in the new deregulated energy markets.

Allan Jones

2003-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Actual trends of decentralized CHP integration -- The Californian investment subsidy system and its implication for the energy efficiency directive (Aktuelle Trends in der dezentralen KWK Technologie Integration -- Das kalifornische Fordermodell und dessen Implikation fur die Endenergieeffizienzrichtlinie)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

http://www.epa.gov/chp/project_resources/calculator.htmVerbrennungsmotoren. Quelle: Midwest CHP Application Center,Mikroturbinen. Quelle: Midwest CHP Application Center, 2003

Stadler, Michael; Lipman, Tim; Marnay, Chris

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

THE SCALING OF FLUVIAL LANDSCAPES Bjrn Birnir # Terence R. Smith + \\Lambda George E. Merchant +  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE SCALING OF FLUVIAL LANDSCAPES Björn Birnir # Terence R. Smith + \\Lambda George E. Merchant roughness coefficient of 0:75 and is analogous to an interface driven through random media with quenched

Bigelow, Stephen

177

A Study of a Diesel Engine Based Micro-CHP System  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This project, funded by New York State Energy Research and Development Agency (NYSERDA), investigated the potential for an oil-fired combined heat and power system (micro-CHP system) for potential use in residences that use oil to heat their homes. Obviously, this requires the power source to be one that uses heating oil (diesel). The work consisted of an experimental study using a diesel engine and an analytical study that examined potential energy savings and benefits of micro-CHP systems for 'typical' locations in New York State. A search for a small diesel engine disclosed that no such engines were manufactured in the U.S. A single cylinder engine manufactured in Germany driving an electric generator was purchased for the experimental work. The engine was tested using on-road diesel fuel (15 ppm sulfur), and biodiesel blends. One of the main objectives was to demonstrate the possibility of operation in the so-called HCCI (Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition) mode. The HCCI mode of operation of engines is being explored as a way to reduce the emission of smoke, and NOx significantly without exhaust treatment. This is being done primarily in the context of engines used in transportation applications. However, it is felt that in a micro-CHP application using a single cylinder engine, such an approach would confer those emission benefits and would be much easier to implement. This was demonstrated successfully by injecting the fuel into the engine air intake using a heated atomizer made by Econox Technologies LLC to promote significant vaporization before entering the cylinder. Efficiency and emission measurements were made under different electrical loads provided by two space heaters connected to the generator in normal and HCCI modes of operation. The goals of the analytical work were to characterize, from the published literature, the prime-movers for micro-CHP applications, quantify parametrically the expected energy savings of using micro-CHP systems instead of the conventional heating system, and analyze system approaches for interaction with the local electric utility. The primary energy savings between the space heating provided by a conventional space heating system with all the required electrical energy supplied by the grid and the micro-CHP system supplemented when needed by a conventional space heating and the grid supplied electricity. were calculated for two locations namely Long Island and Albany. The key results from the experimental work are summarized first and the results from the analytical work next. Experimental results: (1) The engine could be operated successfully in the normal and HCCI modes using both diesel and biodiesel blends. (2) The smoke levels are lower with biodiesel than with diesel in both modes of operation. (3) The NOx levels are lower with the HCCI mode of operation than with the normal mode for both fuels. (4) The engine efficiency in these tests is lower in the HCCI mode of operation. However, the system parameters were not optimized for such operation within the scope of this project. However, for an engine designed with such operation in mind, the efficiency would possibly be not lower. Analytical results: (1) The internal combustion engine (diesel engine in this case) is the only proven technology as a prime mover at present. However, as noted above, no U.S. engine is available at present. (2) For both locations, the use of a micro-CHP system results in primary energy savings. This is true whether the CHP system is used only to supply domestic hot water or to supply both hot water and space heat and even for a low efficiency system especially for the latter case. The size of the thermal storage (as long as it above a certain minimum) did not affect this. (3) For example, for a 2 kW CHP electrical efficiency of 25%, a typical house on Long Island will save about 30MBtu of energy per year for a combined space heat and domestic hot water system. This corresponds to annual energy savings of about 210 gallons oil equivalent per (4) The savings increased initially with the powe

Krishna, C.R.; Andrews, J.; Tutu, N.; Butcher, T.

2010-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

178

Public Interest Energy Research (PIER) Program FINAL PROJECT REPORT California Energy Balance Update and Decomposition Analysis for the Industry and Building Sectors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Losses CHP, Commercial Power CHP, Electric Power CHP, Industrial Power Electric Generators, Utilities

de la Rue du Can, Stephane

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Investigation And Evaluation Of The Systemwide Economic Benefits Of Combined Heat And Power Generation In The New York State Energy Market.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Combined Heat and Power (CHP) is the production of electricity and the simultaneous utilization of the heat produced by the generator prime mover. The energy… (more)

Baquero, Ricardo

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Encouraging Combined Heat and Power in California Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

cooling, heating, and power, CCHP, commercial buildings,bln $ CAA CAISO Cal/EPA CARB CCHP CEUS CHP CSI CPP DER DER-heating, and electric power (CCHP) adoption in California’s

Stadler, Michael

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "merchant chp power" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Combined Heat and Power Research and Development  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

of CHP systems and components as well as expanded use of opportunity fuels Combined Heat & Power Activities Develop a state-of-the-art, large-bore, single-cylinder engine...

182

ITP Industrial Distributed Energy: Combined Heat & Power (CHP...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

City OpYear Prime Mover Capacity (kW) Fuel Class 1 Sparks Regional Medical Center AR Fort Smith 1986 ERENG 8,500 NG 2 Tucson Medical Center Heating & Cooling AZ Tucson 1989 CT 750...

183

Local Power Empowers: CHP and District Energy | Department of...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Buildings Preparing for the Arrival of Electric Vehicle Low-to-No Cost Strategy for Energy Efficiency in Public Buildings Weatherization & Intergovernmental Programs Office Home...

184

Combined Heat and Power (CHP) Resource Guide for Hospital Applications,  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-Up fromDepartmentTieCelebrate Earth Codes andDepartment of Energy 0Department2007 |

185

Promoting Combined Heat and Power (CHP) for Multifamily Properties, 2008 |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarly Careerlumens_placard-green.epsEnergy1.pdfMarket |21,-CommitteeItemsHiTekPROJECTS FUNDED BYDepartment

186

Combined Heat and Power: Expanding CHP in Your State  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Turbines Electricity On-Site Consumption Sold to Utility Fuel Natural Gas Propane Biogas Landfill Gas Coal Steam Waste Products Others Generator Heat Exchanger Thermal Process...

187

Combined Heat and Power for Saving Energy and Carbon in Residential Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for Small- scale Combined Heat and Power in the U.S. ,”1998. "Combined Heat and Power (CHP or Cogeneration) forCombined Heat and Power for Saving Energy and Carbon in

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Effects of a carbon tax on combined heat and power adoption by a microgrid  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of a Carbon Tax on Combined Heat and Power Adoption by aof a Carbon Tax on Combined Heat and Power Adoption by ainvolving combined heat and power (CHP). The expectation

Marnay, Chris; Edwards, Jennifer L.; Firestone, Ryan M.; Ghosh, Srijay; Siddidqui, Afzal S.; Stadler, Michael

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

CHP Supported with Energy Efficiency Measures -- A Winning and Environmentally Sound Solution in Finland  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CHP Supported with Energy Efficiency Measures - a Winning and Environmentally Sound Solution in Finland Erkki Hannunkari, IVO Technology Centre In the European Union Energy Progranunes, one of the most significant measures in reducing carbon... dioxides and other emissions is to build additional CHP teclmology. TIris will be implemented with measures to raise the energy efficiency. CHP technology is exceptionally widely used in Finland. At industrial sites, it accounts for more than in any...

Hannunkari, E.

190

ITP Industrial Distributed Energy: CHP GUIDE #1 - Q & A ON COMBINED...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

CHP systems can combust propane, fuel oil, hydrogen, landfill or anaerobic digester gas--providing a hedge against rising natural gas costs. * Improved Indoor Air Quality...

191

Field Scale Test and Verification of CHP System at the Ritz Carlton...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

resulting packaged CHP System which integrated four microturbines, a double-effect absorption chiller, two fuel gas boosters, and the control hardware and software to ensure that...

192

Advanced CHP Control Algorithms: Scope Specification  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The primary objective of this multiyear project is to develop algorithms for combined heat and power systems to ensure optimal performance, increase reliability, and lead to the goal of clean, efficient, reliable and affordable next generation energy systems.

Katipamula, Srinivas; Brambley, Michael R.

2006-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

193

Techno-economic analysis of using corn stover to supply heat and power to a corn ethanol plant - Part 2: Cost of heat and power generation systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents a techno-economic analysis of corn stover fired process heating (PH) and the combined heat and power (CHP) generation systems for a typical corn ethanol plant (ethanol production capacity of 170 dam3). Discounted cash flow method was used to estimate both the capital and operating costs of each system and compared with the existing natural gas fired heating system. Environmental impact assessment of using corn stover, coal and natural gas in the heat and/or power generation systems was also evaluated. Coal fired process heating (PH) system had the lowest annual operating cost due to the low fuel cost, but had the highest environmental and human toxicity impacts. The proposed combined heat and power (CHP) generation system required about 137 Gg of corn stover to generate 9.5 MW of electricity and 52.3 MW of process heat with an overall CHP efficiency of 83.3%. Stover fired CHP system would generate an annual savings of 3.6 M$ with an payback period of 6 y. Economics of the coal fired CHP system was very attractive compared to the stover fired CHP system due to lower fuel cost. But the greenhouse gas emissions per Mg of fuel for the coal fired CHP system was 32 times higher than that of stover fired CHP system. Corn stover fired heat and power generation system for a corn ethanol plant can improve the net energy balance and add environmental benefits to the corn to ethanol biorefinery.

Mani, Sudhagar [University of Georgia; Sokhansanj, Shahabaddine [ORNL; Togore, Sam [U.S. Department of Energy; Turhollow Jr, Anthony F [ORNL

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

8/29/07BCB 444/544 F07 ISU Dobbs #5 -Dynamic Programming 1 Chp 3-Sequence Alignment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

8/29/07BCB 444/544 F07 ISU Dobbs #5 - Dynamic Programming 1 #12;Chp 3- Sequence Alignment SECTION II SEQUENCE ALIGNMENT Xiong: Chp 3 Pairwise Sequence Alignmentq g · Evolutionary Basis · Sequence

SchĂĽrmann, Michael

195

The Added Economic and Environmental Value of Solar Thermal Systems in Microgrids with Combined Heat and Power  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with or without combined heat and power (CHP) and contributein Microgrids with Combined Heat and Power Chris Marnay,Microgrids with Combined Heat and Power 1 Chris Marnay a) ,

Marnay, Chris

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Evidence for separate substrate binding sites for hydrogen peroxide and cumene hydroperoxide (CHP) in the oxidation of ethanol by catalase  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The oxidation of ethanol by purified bovine liver catalase (Sigma, C-40) can be supported by H/sub 2/O/sub 2/ or by CHP. The time course of the H/sub 2/O/sub 2/ supported reaction (using glucose/glucose oxidase as the H/sub 2/O/sub 2/ source) was linear for at least one hr, whereas the rate of acetaldehyde formation in the CHP (4.2 mM) supported reaction decreased with time. When catalase was exposed o CHP for 5 min before the addition of ethanol, the rate of CHP supported ethanol oxidation was reduced by more than 90% compared to incubations where the addition of ethanol preceded that of CHP. In the CHP inhibited state, the peroxidative activity of catalase was not restored by further addition of CHP or ethanol; however, addition of fresh catalase yielded its expected activity. Significantly, the CHP inhibited enzyme was equally effective as the untreated enzyme in catalyzing (a) the oxidation of ethanol in the presence H/sub 2/O/sub 2/ supported peroxidative activity as well as catalytic activity by CHP inhibited catalase points to separate binding sites for H/sub 2/O/sub 2/ and CHP in this reaction. Alternatively, CHP may bind adjacent to a common peroxide active site, thereby sterically impeding the binding of CHP - but not of H/sub 2/O/sub 2/ - to this active site.

DeMaster, E.G.; Nagasawa,ss H.T.

1986-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

EFFECT OF H2 PRODUCED THROUGH STEAM-METHANE REFORMING ON CHP PLANT EFFICIENCY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 EFFECT OF H2 PRODUCED THROUGH STEAM-METHANE REFORMING ON CHP PLANT EFFICIENCY O. Le Corre1 , C for a CHP plant based on spark ignition engine running under lean conditions. An overall auto combustion engine. The potential benefits of using H2 in spark ignition (SI) engines may be listed as follows

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

198

Filename: FVB Invo2 Forced 121061.CHP Probe Array Type: MG_U74Av2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

121061.CHP Probe Array Type: MG_U74Av2 Algorithm: Statistical Probe Pair Thr: 8 Controls: Antisense.13 ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ Filename: FVB Invo2 Forced 121062.CHP Probe Array Type: MG_U74Av2 Algorithm: Statistical Probe Pair Thr: 8

Betz, William J.

199

Institute for Renewable Energy Ltd Preparation of a pilot biogas CHP plant integrated with  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Institute for Renewable Energy Ltd Poland 1 Preparation of a pilot biogas CHP plant integrated on the preparation phase for a pilot investment in Koczala, Northern Poland, relating to an agricultural biogas CHP production and utilisation of agricultural biogas the project focused on BAT obtainable from various European

200

LCV-Gas utilization in CHP plants with dual-fuel engines  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The utilization of LCV-gases has been increased during the last years, especially in decentralized CHP plants from local power and heat distributors or industry works. Compared with the standard natural gas delivered by the main grid LCV gases are cheaper, wherefore it is possible to decrease energy costs. LCV gases are coming from local natural gas fields or a wide range of technical origins (e. g. steel production, gasification processes, biological processes). Therefore the composition of LCV gases could differ. The basis of this gases are normally methane or combinations of hydrogen and carbon monoxide together with quite large quantities of inert gases. The utilization of LCV gases in internal combustion engines requires high demands on the engine technique and the engine control system. A lot of items must to be considered when designing engines for every special purpose, especially in comparison to utilization of standard natural gas. The combustion system of dual-fuel engines as developed by B+V Industrietechnik GmbH (formerly Blohm + Voss Industrie GmbH) offers a lot of advantages for the utilization of LCV gases. There are two basic possibilities to supply the gases to the engine, one on low pressure level and the other one on high pressure level. The energy content of the pilot fuel injection is much higher than the corresponding value of a spark ignition system. Thus, gases with very low lower heating values and high contents of inert gases can be inflamed stable without problems. This engine type allows a LCV gas utilization with high electrical and thermal efficiencies. As an example for the utilization of a LCV gas the CHP engine plant for Hoogovens Ijmuiden in Holland, one of the largest European steel production companies, is presented.

Mohr, H.

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "merchant chp power" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

New CHP Technical Assistance Partnerships Launched | Department of Energy  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the Contributions andDataNational Library of1,Department of Energy BookPhysicsNew CHP

202

Modular CHP System for Utica College: Design Specification, March 2007 |  

Energy Savers [EERE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector General Office0-72.pdfGeorgeDoesn't32Department of Energy Modular CHP System for Utica College:

203

Clean Hydrogen Producers Ltd CHP | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartmentAUDIT REPORT Americium/CuriumSunways JVGroupChoice Electric CoProducers Ltd CHP

204

Review of CHP Technologies, October 1999 | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion | Department ofT ib l LPROJECTS IN RENEWABLEOperated inFebruary 26, 2009 Special InquiryCHP

205

2008 EPA CHP Partnership Update | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Year in Review: Top Five EERE Blog Posts of 2014 Year inDepartment ofPresentationsEPA CHP

206

Executive Summary The Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard (PCI DSS) requires Level 1 merchants and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

system components in order to support business growth. Change control is a complex process merchants and service providers to undergo an onsite assessment of their security systems and procedures processes fail, when changes are made without adequately considering the effect on security, and when

Fisher, Kathleen

207

ITP Industrial Distributed Energy: HUD Combined Heat and Power...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

HUD COMBINED HEAT AND POWER (CHP) GUIDE 3 INTRODUCTION TO THE LEVEL 2 ANALYSIS TOOL FOR MULTIFAMILY BUILDINGS PREPARED FOR U.S. DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT BY U.S....

208

A review of "The Politics of Trade: The Overseas Merchant in State and Society, 1660-1720." by Perry Gauci  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

REVIEWS 305 Perry Gauci. The Politics of Trade: The Overseas Merchant in State and Society, 1660-1720. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001. xvi + 302 pp. $65.00. Review by JOSEPH P. WARD, UNIVERSITY OF MISSISSIPPI. This book explores...

Joseph P. Ward

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Carbon emissions reduction potential in the US chemicals and pulp and paper industries by applying CHP technologies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The chemical and the pulp/paper industries combined provide 55% of CHP generation in the US industry. Yet, significant potential for new CHP capacities exists in both industries. From the present steam consumption data, the authors estimate about 50 GW of additional technical potential for CHP in both industries. The reduced carbon emissions will be equivalent to 44% of the present carbon emissions in these industries. They find that most of the carbon emissions reductions can be achieved at negative costs. Depending on the assumptions used in calculations, the economic potential of CHP in these industries can be significantly lower, and carbon emissions mitigation costs can be much higher. Using sensitivity analyses, they determine that the largest effect on the CHP estimate have the assumptions in the costs of CHP technology, in the assumed discount rates, in improvements in efficiency of CHP technologies, and in the CHP equipment depreciation periods. Changes in fuel and electricity prices and the growth in the industries' steam demand have less of an effect. They conclude that the lowest carbon mitigation costs are achieved with the CHP facility is operated by the utility and when industrial company that owns the CHP unit can sell extra electricity and steam to the open wholesale market. Based on the results of the analyses they discuss policy implications.

Khrushch, M.; Worrell, E.; Price, L.; Martin, N.; Einstein, D.

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Initial Market Assessment for Small-Scale Biomass-Based CHP  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this report is to reexamine the energy generation market opportunities for biomass CHP applications smaller than 20 MW. This paper provides an overview of the benefits of and challenges for biomass CHP in terms of policy, including a discussion of the drivers behind, and constraints on, the biomass CHP market. The report provides a summary discussion of the available biomass supply types and technologies that could be used to feed the market. Two primary markets are outlined--rural/agricultural and urban--for small-scale biomass CHP, and illustrate the primary intersections of supply and demand for those markets. The paper concludes by summarizing the potential markets and suggests next steps for identifying and utilizing small-scale biomass.

Brown, E.; Mann, M.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Performance Assessment of a Desiccant Cooling System in a CHP Application with an IC Engine  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Performance of a desiccant cooling system was evaluated in the context of combined heat and power (CHP). The baseline system incorporated a desiccant dehumidifier, a heat exchanger, an indirect evaporative cooler, and a direct evaporative cooler. The desiccant unit was regenerated through heat recovery from a gas-fired reciprocating internal combustion engine. The system offered sufficient sensible and latent cooling capacities for a wide range of climatic conditions, while allowing influx of outside air in excess of what is typically required for commercial buildings. Energy and water efficiencies of the desiccant cooling system were also evaluated and compared with those of a conventional system. The results of parametric assessments revealed the importance of using a heat exchanger for concurrent desiccant post cooling and regeneration air preheating. These functions resulted in enhancement of both the cooling performance and the thermal efficiency, which are essential for fuel utilization improvement. Two approaches for mixing of the return air and outside air were examined, and their impact on the system cooling performance and thermal efficiency was demonstrated. The scope of the parametric analyses also encompassed the impact of improving the indirect evaporative cooling effectiveness on the overall cooling system performance.

Jalalzadeh-Azar, A. A.; Slayzak, S.; Judkoff, R.; Schaffhauser, T.; DeBlasio, R.

2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

National Association of Counties Webinar- Combined Heat and Power: Resiliency Strategies for Critical Facilities  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Combined heat and power (CHP), also known as cogeneration, is a method whereby energy is produced, and excess heat from the production process can be used for heating and cooling processes....

213

Ultra Clean 1.1 MW High Efficiency Natural Gas Engine Powered...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Ultra Clean 1.1 MW High Efficiency Natural Gas Engine Powered CHP System Contract: DE-EE0004016 GE Energy, Dresser Inc. 102010 - 92014 Jim Zurlo, Principal Investigator...

214

May 2, 2007 2:20 World Scientific Review Volume -9in x 6in chp2DecentralizedWLANResourceManagementfinal A Framework for Decentralized Wireless LAN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

May 2, 2007 2:20 World Scientific Review Volume - 9in x 6in chp2Decentralized 6in chp2DecentralizedWLANResourceManagementfinal 2 J. Xie, I. Howitt, and A. Raja 1.1. Introduction

Raja, Anita

215

EA-303-A Saracen Merchant Energy, LP | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Year in Review: TopEnergy DOEDealingVehicle1 Closing American Electric Power80AC3-AB WPSB3-A

216

El Paso Merchant Energy LP | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating Solar Power Basics (The followingDirectLow CarbonOpen1 June,Ecofys|Egyp-UNEPElEl Paso

217

Kenneth Arrow is the Joan Kenney Professor of Economics and Professor of Operations Research, emeritus; a CHP/PCOR fellow; and an FSI senior  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, emeritus; a CHP/PCOR fellow; and an FSI senior fellow by courtesy. Arrow's work has been primarily

Klein, Ophir

218

http://web.mit.edu/cmse/www/CMSE_CHP2003.pdf I feel it likely that the auditors will return to CMSE in just a couple weeks. Our  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

http://web.mit.edu/cmse/www/CMSE_CHP2003.pdf Colleages, I feel it likely that the auditors of Technology #12;http://web.mit.edu/cmse/www/CMSE_CHP2003.pdf CHEMICAL HYGIENE AND SAFETY PLAN Responsibility, Authority and Resources #12;http://web.mit.edu/cmse/www/CMSE_CHP2003.pdf Center Director (M. F. Rubner

Cohen, Robert E.

219

ASSESSMENT OF COMBINED HEAT AND POWER SYSTEM "PREMIUM POWER" APPLICATIONS IN CALIFORNIA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

through capability of CHP equipment. Thomson Technology,Germany, 2008. Pacific Region CHP Application Center, EnergyMarnay ^ * Pacific Region CHP Application Center ^ Lawrence

Norwood, Zack

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Final Report: Assessment of Combined Heat and Power Premium Power Applications in California  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

schedule. Of course, running CHP systems at the time ofride-through capability of CHP equipment, June 2007.Kammen* * Pacific Region CHP Application Center ^ Lawrence

Norwood, Zack

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "merchant chp power" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Optimal distributed power generation under network load constraints  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

wind turbines and heat pumps). This gives rise to the question how many units of each type (solar panel, mainly because of the development of novel components for decentral power generation (solar panels, small (DPG) refers to an electric power source such as solar, wind or combined heat power (CHP) connected

Utrecht, Universiteit

222

Opportunities for Combined Heat and Power in Data Centers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Data centers represent a rapidly growing and very energy intensive activity in commercial, educational, and government facilities. In the last five years the growth of this sector was the electric power equivalent to seven new coal-fired power plants. Data centers consume 1.5% of the total power in the U.S. Growth over the next five to ten years is expected to require a similar increase in power generation. This energy consumption is concentrated in buildings that are 10-40 times more energy intensive than a typical office building. The sheer size of the market, the concentrated energy consumption per facility, and the tendency of facilities to cluster in 'high-tech' centers all contribute to a potential power infrastructure crisis for the industry. Meeting the energy needs of data centers is a moving target. Computing power is advancing rapidly, which reduces the energy requirements for data centers. A lot of work is going into improving the computing power of servers and other processing equipment. However, this increase in computing power is increasing the power densities of this equipment. While fewer pieces of equipment may be needed to meet a given data processing load, the energy density of a facility designed to house this higher efficiency equipment will be as high as or higher than it is today. In other words, while the data center of the future may have the IT power of ten data centers of today, it is also going to have higher power requirements and higher power densities. This report analyzes the opportunities for CHP technologies to assist primary power in making the data center more cost-effective and energy efficient. Broader application of CHP will lower the demand for electricity from central stations and reduce the pressure on electric transmission and distribution infrastructure. This report is organized into the following sections: (1) Data Center Market Segmentation--the description of the overall size of the market, the size and types of facilities involved, and the geographic distribution. (2) Data Center Energy Use Trends--a discussion of energy use and expected energy growth and the typical energy consumption and uses in data centers. (3) CHP Applicability--Potential configurations, CHP case studies, applicable equipment, heat recovery opportunities (cooling), cost and performance benchmarks, and power reliability benefits (4) CHP Drivers and Hurdles--evaluation of user benefits, social benefits, market structural issues and attitudes toward CHP, and regulatory hurdles. (5) CHP Paths to Market--Discussion of technical needs, education, strategic partnerships needed to promote CHP in the IT community.

Darrow, Ken [ICF International; Hedman, Bruce [ICF International

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

EPA RE-Powering America's Lands: Kansas City Municipal Farm Site -- Biomass Power Analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Through the RE-Powering America's Land initiative, the economic and technical feasibility of utilizing biomass at the Kansas City, Missouri, Municipal Farm site, a group of City-owned properties, is explored. The study that none of the technologies we reviewed--biomass heat, power and CHP--are economically viable options for the Municipal Farms site. However, if the site were to be developed around a future central biomass heating or CHP facility, biomass could be a good option for the site.

Hunsberger, R.; Mosey, G.

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Chemical Hygiene Plan The purpose of the Chemical Hygiene Plan (CHP) is to outline laboratory work  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Chemical Hygiene Plan I. Policy The purpose of the Chemical Hygiene Plan (CHP) is to outline community are protected from health hazards associated with chemicals with which they work. II. Authority The Chemical Hygiene Plan, required to comply with provisions of CCR Title 8 §5191 et al: A. Standard Operating

de Lijser, Peter

225

Combined heat and power: How much carbon and energy can it save for manufacturers?  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As part of a September 1997 National Laboratory study for the US Department of Energy, the authors estimated the potential for reducing industrial energy consumption and carbon emissions using advanced technologies for combined heat and power (CHP) for the year 2010. In this paper the authors re-analyze the potential for CHP in manufacturing only. The authors also refine the assessment by more accurately estimating the average efficiency of industrial boilers most likely to be replaced by CHP. The authors do this with recent GRI estimates of the age distribution of industrial boilers and standard age-efficiency equations. The previous estimate was based on use of the best CHP technology available, such as the about-to-be commercialized industrial advanced turbine system (ATS). This estimate assumes the use of existing off-the-shelf CHP technologies. Data is now available with which to develop a more realistic suite of penetration rates for existing and new CHP technologies. However, potential variation in actions of state and federal electricity and environmental regulators introduces uncertainties in the use of existing and potential new CHP far greater than those in previous technology penetration estimates. This is, thus, the maximum cost-effective technical potential for the frozen technology case. The authors find that if manufacturers in 1994 had generated all their steam and electric needs with existing CHP technologies, they could have reduced carbon equivalent (carbon dioxide) emissions by up to 30 million metric tons of carbon equivalent (MtC) or nearly 20%. This result is consistent with carbon and energy savings found in other studies. For example, the aforementioned laboratory study found that just three CHP technologies, fuel cells, advanced turbines, and integrated combined cycle technologies, accounted for nearly 10% of the study's projected carbon savings of 400 MtC by 2010--enough to reduce projected US 2010 emissions to 1990 levels.

Kaarsberg, T.M.; Roop, J.M.

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Economic Potential of CHP in Detroit Edison Service Area: the Customer Perspective  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

DOE's mission under the Distributed Energy and Electricity Reliability (DEER) Program is to strengthen America's electric energy infrastructure and provide utilities and consumers with a greater array of energy-efficient technology choices for generating, transmitting, distributing, storing, and managing demand for electric power and thermal energy. DOE recognizes that distributed energy technologies can help accomplish this mission. Distributed energy (DE) technologies have received much attention for the potential energy savings and electric power reliability assurances that may be achieved by their widespread adoption. Fueling the attention has been the desire to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and concern about easing power transmission and distribution system capacity limitations and congestion. However, these benefits may come at a cost to the electric utility companies in terms of lost revenue and other potential impacts on the distribution system. It is important to assess the costs and benefits of DE to consumers and distribution system companies. DOE commissioned this study to assess the costs and benefits of DE technologies to consumers and to better understand the effect of DE on the grid. Current central power generation units vent more waste heat (energy) than the entire transportation sector consumes and this wasted thermal energy is projected to grow by 45% within the next 20 years. Consumer investment in technologies that increase power generation efficiency is a key element of the DOE Energy Efficiency program. The program aims to increase overall cycle efficiency from 30% to 70% within 20 years as well. DOE wants to determine the impact of DE in several small areas within cities across the U.S. Ann Arbor, Michigan, was chosen as the city for this case study. Ann Arbor has electric and gas rates that can substantially affect the market penetration of DE. This case study analysis was intended to: (1) Determine what DE market penetration can realistically be expected, based on consumer investment in combined heat and power systems (CHP) and the effect of utility applied demand response (DR). (2) Evaluate and quantify the impact on the distribution utility feeder from the perspective of customer ownership of the DE equipment. (3) Determine the distribution feeder limits and the impact DE may have on future growth. For the case study, the Gas Technology Institute analyzed a single 16-megawatt grid feeder circuit in Ann Arbor, Michigan to determine whether there are economic incentives to use small distributed power generation systems that would offset the need to increase grid circuit capacity. Increasing circuit capacity would enable the circuit to meet consumer's energy demands at all times, but it would not improve the circuit's utilization factor. The analysis spans 12 years, to a planning horizon of 2015. By 2015, the demand for power is expected to exceed the grid circuit capacity for a significant portion of the year. The analysis was to determine whether economically acceptable implementation of customer-owned DE systems would reduce the peak power demands enough to forestall the need to upgrade the capacity of the grid circuit. The analysis was based on economics and gave no financial credit for improved power reliability or mitigation of environmental impacts. Before this study was completed, the utility expanded the capacity of the circuit to 22 MW. Although this expansion will enable the circuit to meet foreseeable increases in peak demand, it also will significantly decrease the circuit's overall utilization factor. The study revealed that DE penetration on the selected feeder is not expected to forestall the need to upgrade the grid circuit capacity unless interconnection barriers are removed. Currently, a variety of technical, business practice, and regulatory barriers discourage DE interconnection in the US market.

Kelly, J.

2003-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

227

Business Case for a Micro-Combined Heat and Power Fuel Cell System in Commercial Applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Combined heat and power fuel cell systems (CHP-FCSs) provide consistent electrical power and hot water with greater efficiency and lower emissions than alternative sources. These systems can be used either as baseload, grid-connected, or as off-the-grid power sources. This report presents a business case for CHP-FCSs in the range of 5 to 50 kWe. Systems in this power range are considered micro-CHP-FCS. For this particular business case, commercial applications rather than residential or industrial are targeted. To understand the benefits of implementing a micro-CHP-FCS, the characteristics that determine their competitive advantage must first be identified. Locations with high electricity prices and low natural gas prices are ideal locations for micro-CHP-FCSs. Fortunately, these high spark spread locations are generally in the northeastern area of the United States and California where government incentives are already in place to offset the current high cost of the micro-CHP-FCSs. As a result of the inherently high efficiency of a fuel cell and their ability to use the waste heat that is generated as a CHP, they have higher efficiency. This results in lower fuel costs than comparable alternative small-scale power systems (e.g., microturbines and reciprocating engines). A variety of markets should consider micro-CHP-FCSs including those that require both heat and baseload electricity throughout the year. In addition, the reliable power of micro-CHP-FCSs could be beneficial to markets where electrical outages are especially frequent or costly. Greenhouse gas emission levels from micro-CHP-FCSs are 69 percent lower, and the human health costs are 99.9 percent lower, than those attributed to conventional coal-fired power plants. As a result, FCSs can allow a company to advertise as environmentally conscious and provide a bottom-line sales advantage. As a new technology in the early stages of adoption, micro-CHP-FCSs are currently more expensive than alternative technologies. As the technology gains a foothold in its target markets and demand increases, the costs will decline in response to improved manufacturing efficiencies, similar to trends seen with other technologies. Transparency Market Research forecasts suggest that the CHP-FCS market will grow at a compound annual growth rate of greater than 27 percent over the next 5 years. These production level increases, coupled with the expected low price of natural gas, indicate the economic payback period will move to less than 5 years over the course of the next 5 years. To better understand the benefits of micro-CHP-FCSs, The U.S. Department of Energy worked with ClearEdge Power to install fifteen 5-kWe fuel cells in the commercial markets of California and Oregon. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory is evaluating these systems in terms of economics, operations, and their environmental impact in real-world applications. As expected, the economic analysis has indicated that the high capital cost of the micro-CHP-FCSs results in a longer payback period than typically is acceptable for all but early-adopter market segments. However, a payback period of less than 3 years may be expected as increased production brings system cost down, and CHP incentives are maintained or improved.

Brooks, Kriston P.; Makhmalbaf, Atefe; Anderson, David M.; Amaya, Jodi P.; Pilli, Siva Prasad; Srivastava, Viraj; Upton, Jaki F.

2013-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

228

Renewable Combined Heat and Power Dairy Operations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

horsepower Guascor model SFGLD-560 biogas-fired lean burn internal combustion (IC) engine and generator set and modify the existing biogas toelectricity combined heat and power (CHP) system operated at Fiscalini bacteria to remove hydrogen sulfide presented in the biogas. Source: Fiscalini Farms Term: March 2011

229

GREENHOUSE GAS REDUCTION POTENTIAL WITH COMBINED HEAT AND POWER WITH DISTRIBUTED GENERATION PRIME MOVERS - ASME 2012  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Pending or recently enacted greenhouse gas regulations and mandates are leading to the need for current and feasible GHG reduction solutions including combined heat and power (CHP). Distributed generation using advanced reciprocating engines, gas turbines, microturbines and fuel cells has been shown to reduce greenhouse gases (GHG) compared to the U.S. electrical generation mix due to the use of natural gas and high electrical generation efficiencies of these prime movers. Many of these prime movers are also well suited for use in CHP systems which recover heat generated during combustion or energy conversion. CHP increases the total efficiency of the prime mover by recovering waste heat for generating electricity, replacing process steam, hot water for buildings or even cooling via absorption chilling. The increased efficiency of CHP systems further reduces GHG emissions compared to systems which do not recover waste thermal energy. Current GHG mandates within the U.S Federal sector and looming GHG legislation for states puts an emphasis on understanding the GHG reduction potential of such systems. This study compares the GHG savings from various state-of-the- art prime movers. GHG reductions from commercially available prime movers in the 1-5 MW class including, various industrial fuel cells, large and small gas turbines, micro turbines and reciprocating gas engines with and without CHP are compared to centralized electricity generation including the U.S. mix and the best available technology with natural gas combined cycle power plants. The findings show significant GHG saving potential with the use of CHP. Also provided is an exploration of the accounting methodology for GHG reductions with CHP and the sensitivity of such analyses to electrical generation efficiency, emissions factors and most importantly recoverable heat and thermal recovery efficiency from the CHP system.

Curran, Scott [ORNL; Theiss, Timothy J [ORNL; Bunce, Michael [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Economic Potential of CHP in Detroit Edison Service Area: The...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

a single 16 MW grid feeder circuit in Ann Arbor, Michigan, to determine whether there are economic incentives to use small distributed power generation systems that would offset...

231

Validation of an Integrated System for a Hydrogen-Fueled Power Park  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

? · Electrons Lowest Cost ­ run electric wires vs. hydrogen pipe · Electrons ($50K), Protons ($100k) ­ Combined Heat and Power Has the Potential to Lower Power Cost by ~$0.01/kWh · CHP Requires Reformer and Fuel Feedstock ­ Potential Uses of PEM in Distributed Power Applications · Hydrogen Pipeline or Low Cost Hydrogen

232

A Better Steam Engine: Designing a Distributed Concentrating Solar Combined Heat and Power System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Better Steam Engine: Designing a Distributed Concentrating Solar Combined Heat and Power System Combined Heat and Power System by Zachary Mills Norwood Doctor of Philosophy in the Energy and Resources of analysis of Distributed Concentrating Solar Combined Heat and Power (DCS-CHP) systems is a design

California at Berkeley, University of

233

CO{sub 2} reduction potential in power production and its cost efficiency  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

CO{sub 2} reduction potential and the economy of it in power production are handled in this presentation. The main focus is on combined heat and power production, CHP. The reference case has been the conventional coal fired condensing power plant and district heating with heavy fuel oil. Various CHP concepts are handled as substitutive technology for the reference case. Considered fuels are coal and biomass. CO{sub 2} produced in biomass firing processes is not regarded to increase the net CO{sub 2} emissions to the atmosphere. Reference case can be substituted by a more efficient coal-fired power plant, so called USC plant or by natural gas-fired combined cycle power plant. Both changes lead to very limited reduction in CO{sub 2} emissions. On the other hand the shifting is profitable. CO{sub 2} reduction potential differs in various CHP concepts according to the fuel used. With biomass the reduction is 100% and in the smallest considered coal-fired industrial power plant it is only 6%. Looking at CO{sub 2} reduction costs, ECU/t CO{sub 2}, the best alternative seems to be the changing to coal-fired CHP in industrial power plants. Due to different reduction potentials of different methods the reduction cost illustrates poorly the quality of the method. For example, in a case where the profitability is good but reduction potential is small the reduction cost is strongly negative and the case seems to be cost-effective. To avoid the previous effects the profitability of the changes has to be studied with and without CO{sub 2} emission fees. Biomass-CHP will be cost-effective compared to coal-CHP with the prices 2.5--5 ECU/t CO{sub 2} saved. The industrial CHP plant will be cost-effective despite of the fuel used and without CO{sub 2} emission fees. The district heating CHP plant will be cost-effective, if the plant size is large. The small district heating CHP plants are cost-effective, if the saved CO{sub 2} ton has a price.

Aijala, M.; Salokoski, P.; Alin, J.; Siikavirta, H.; Nykaenen, J.

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

1540 Alcazar St., CHP 155, Los Angeles, CA 90089-9006 Tel.: 323-442-2900 Fax: 323-442-1515 www.usc.edu/pt The comprehensive mission of the Division is to  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(over) 1540 Alcazar St., CHP 155, Los Angeles, CA 90089-9006 Tel.: 323-442-2900 Fax: 323 St., CHP 155, Los Angeles, CA 90089-9006 Tel.: 323-442-2900 Fax: 323-442-1515 www

Valero-Cuevas, Francisco

235

SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH SCIENCES CENTER Keck School of Medicine of USC 1540 Alcazar Street, CHP Suite 236, Los Angeles, CA 90033 TEL (323) 442-1096 FAX (323) 442-3272  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Alcazar Street, CHP Suite 236, Los Angeles, CA 90033 TEL (323) 442-1096 FAX (323) 442-3272 University Alcazar Street, CHP 236, Los Angeles, CA 90033, or email to csutton@usc.edu. Please, no paper copies

Zhang, Li I.

236

Ultra Clean 1.1MW High Efficiency Natural Gas Engine Powered System  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Dresser, Inc. (GE Energy, Waukesha gas engines) will develop, test, demonstrate, and commercialize a 1.1 Megawatt (MW) natural gas fueled combined heat and power reciprocating engine powered package. This package will feature a total efficiency > 75% and ultra low CARB permitting emissions. Our modular design will cover the 1 – 6 MW size range, and this scalable technology can be used in both smaller and larger engine powered CHP packages. To further advance one of the key advantages of reciprocating engines, the engine, generator and CHP package will be optimized for low initial and operating costs. Dresser, Inc. will leverage the knowledge gained in the DOE - ARES program. Dresser, Inc. will work with commercial, regulatory, and government entities to help break down barriers to wider deployment of CHP. The outcome of this project will be a commercially successful 1.1 MW CHP package with high electrical and total efficiency that will significantly reduce emissions compared to the current central power plant paradigm. Principal objectives by phases for Budget Period 1 include: • Phase 1 – market study to determine optimum system performance, target first cost, lifecycle cost, and creation of a detailed product specification. • Phase 2 – Refinement of the Waukesha CHP system design concepts, identification of critical characteristics, initial evaluation of technical solutions, and risk mitigation plans. Background

Zurlo, James; Lueck, Steve

2011-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

237

Preliminary Estimates of Combined Heat and Power Greenhouse Gas Abatement Potential for California in 2020  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

equivalent) Other 65 Mt/a Residential CHP 57 Mt/a Applicablefor GHG abatement. Residential CHP has been pursued inobvious challenges, residential scale CHP shows considerable

Firestone, Ryan; Ling, Frank; Marnay, Chris; Hamachi LaCommare, Kristina

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

A Better Steam Engine: Designing a Distributed Concentrating Solar Combined Heat and Power System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DCS-CHP system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7521 Stationary collector CHP to stationary PV performancesolar dish collector DCS-CHP system . . . . . . 28 Water and

Norwood, Zachary Mills

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

330 kWe Packaged CHP System with Reduced Emissions  

Energy Savers [EERE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustionImprovement3 Beryllium-Associated Worker2014Department of Energy 3Keene - Cummins Power

240

The CO2 Reduction Potential of Combined Heat and Power in California's Commercial Buildings  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) is working with the California Energy Commission (CEC) to determine the potential role of commercial sector distributed generation (DG) with combined heat and power (CHP) capability deployment in greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) reductions. CHP applications at large industrial sites are well known, and a large share of their potential has already been harvested. In contrast, relatively little attention has been paid to the potential of medium-sized commercial buildings, i.e., ones with peak electric loads ranging from 100 kW to 5 MW. We examine how this sector might implement DG with CHP in cost minimizing microgrids that are able to adopt and operate various energy technologies, such as solar photovoltaics (PV), on-site thermal generation, heat exchangers, solar thermal collectors, absorption chillers, and storage systems. We apply a mixed-integer linear program (MILP) that minimizes a site's annual energy costs as its objective. Using 138 representative mid-sized commercial sites in California (CA), existing tariffs of three major electricity distribution ultilities plus a natural gas company, and performance data of available technology in 2020, we find the GHG reduction potential for this CA commercial sector segment, which represents about 35percent of total statewide commercial sector sales. Under the assumptions made, in a reference case, this segment is estimated to be capable of economically installing 1.4 GW of CHP, 35percent of the California Air Resources Board (CARB) statewide 4 GW goal for total incremental CHP deployment by 2020. However, because CARB's assumed utilization is far higherthan is found by the MILP, the adopted CHP only contributes 19percent of the CO2 target. Several sensitivity runs were completed. One applies a simple feed-in tariff similar to net metering, and another includes a generous self-generation incentive program (SGIP) subsidy for fuel cells. The feed-in tariff proves ineffective at stimulating CHP deployment, while the SGIP buy down is more powerful. The attractiveness of CHP varies widely by climate zone and service territory, but in general, hotter inland areas and San Diego are the more attractive regions because high cooling loads achieve higher equipment utilization. Additionally, large office buildings are surprisingly good hosts for CHP, so large office buildings in San Diego and hotter urban centers emerge as promising target hosts. Overall the effect on CO2 emissions is limited, never exceeding 27percent of the CARB target. Nonetheless, results suggest that the CO2 emissions abatement potential of CHP in mid-sized CA buildings is significant, and much more promising than is typically assumed.

Stadler, Michael; Marnay, Chris; Cardoso, Goncalo; Lipman, Tim; Megel, Olivier; Ganguly, Srirupa; Siddiqui, Afzal; Lai, Judy

2009-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "merchant chp power" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Determining the quality and quantity of heat produced by proton exchange membrane fuel cells with application to air-cooled stacks for combined heat and power  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with application to air-cooled stacks for combined heat and power by Thomas Schmeister B.Sc., University to air-cooled stacks for combined heat and power by Thomas Schmeister B.Sc., University of Colorado, 1991 cells as a heat and electrical power source for residential combined heat and power (CHP

Victoria, University of

242

Distributed Generation Study/Patterson Farms CHP System Using Renewable  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address:011-DNA Jump to:52c8ff988c1Dering Harbor,Discount PowerEmerling FarmMatlink FarmBiogas |

243

INTERNATIONAL STATIONARY FUEL CELL DEMONSTRATION John Vogel, Plug Power Inc.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Power Inc. #12;ORGANIZATIONAL CHART J. Vogel #12;PROJECT OVERVIEW AND OBJECTIVES Develop, test are: ·Electrical efficiency 40% ·CHP efficiency 80% ·Cost $750/kW ·Durability 40,000 hrs ·Noise Stack Air Cat Flow Air Delivery Controls ATR Temp Set Point- Heat FollowingATR Efficiency Function 500

244

SciTech Connect: Micro-CHP Systems for Residential Applications  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administrationcontroller systemsBi (2) Sr (2) Ca (2) CuFuture U.S. Corn andLorenz:Micro-CHP Systems

245

Guide to Combined Heat and Power Systems for Boiler Owners and Operators  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Combined heat and power (CHP) or cogeneration is the sequential production of two forms of useful energy from a single fuel source. In most CHP applications, chemical energy in fuel is converted to both mechanical and thermal energy. The mechanical energy is generally used to generate electricity, while the thermal energy or heat is used to produce steam, hot water, or hot air. Depending on the application, CHP is referred to by various names including Building Cooling, Heating, and Power (BCHP); Cooling, Heating, and Power for Buildings (CHPB); Combined Cooling, Heating, and Power (CCHP); Integrated Energy Systems (IES), or Distributed Energy Resources (DER). The principal technical advantage of a CHP system is its ability to extract more useful energy from fuel compared to traditional energy systems such as conventional power plants that only generate electricity and industrial boiler systems that only produce steam or hot water for process applications. By using fuel energy for both power and heat production, CHP systems can be very energy efficient and have the potential to produce electricity below the price charged by the local power provider. Another important incentive for applying cogeneration technology is to reduce or eliminate dependency on the electrical grid. For some industrial processes, the consequences of losing power for even a short period of time are unacceptable. The primary objective of the guide is to present information needed to evaluate the viability of cogeneration for new or existing industrial, commercial, and institutional (ICI) boiler installations and to make informed CHP equipment selection decisions. Information presented is meant to help boiler owners and operators understand the potential benefits derived from implementing a CHP project and recognize opportunities for successful application of cogeneration technology. Topics covered in the guide follow: (1) an overview of cogeneration technology with discussions about benefits of applying cogeneration technology and barriers to implementing cogeneration technology; (2) applicable federal regulations and permitting issues; (3) descriptions of prime movers commonly used in CHP applications, including discussions about design characteristics, heat-recovery options and equipment, fuels and emissions, efficiency, maintenance, availability, and capital cost; (4) electrical generators and electrical interconnection equipment; (5) cooling and dehumidification equipment; (6) thermodynamic cycle options and configurations; (7) steps for evaluating the technical and economic feasibility of applying cogeneration technology; and (8) information sources.

Oland, CB

2004-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

246

An integrated assessment of the energy savings and emissions-reduction potential of combined heat and power  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Combined Heat and Power (CHP) systems, or cogeneration systems, generated electrical/mechanical and thermal energy simultaneously, recovering much of the energy normally lost in separate generation. This recovered energy can be used for heating or cooling purposes, eliminating the need for a separate boiler. Significant reductions in energy, criteria pollutants, and carbon emissions can be achieved from the improved efficiency of fuel use. Generating electricity on or near the point of use also avoids transmission and distribution losses and defers expansion of the electricity transmission grid. Several recent developments make dramatic expansion of CHP a cost-effective possibility over the next decade. First, advances in technologies such as combustion turbines, steam turbines, reciprocating engines, fuel cells. and heat-recovery equipment have decreased the cost and improved the performance of CHP systems. Second, a significant portion of the nation's boiler stock will need to be replaced in the next decade, creating an opportunity to upgrade this equipment with clean and efficient CHP systems. Third, environmental policies, including addressing concerns about greenhouse gas emissions, have created pressures to find cleaner and more efficient means of using energy. Finally, electric power market restructuring is creating new opportunities for innovations in power generation and smaller-scale distributed systems such as CHP. The integrated analysis suggests that there is enormous potential for the installation of cost-effective CHP in the industrial, district energy, and buildings sectors. The projected additional capacity by 2010 is 73 GW with corresponding energy savings of 2.6 quadrillion Btus, carbon emissions reductions of 74 million metric tons, 1.4 million tons of avoided SO{sub 2} emissions, and 0.6 million tons of avoided NO{sub x} emissions. The authors estimate that this new CHP would require cumulative capital investments of roughly $47 billion over ten years.

Kaarsberg, T.M.; Elliott, R.N.; Spurr, M.

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Combined Heat and Power (CHP), also known as cogeneration, is the concurrent production of electricity or  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

movers or technology types, which include: Reciprocating Engines Combustion or Gas Turbines Steam systems can provide the following products: Electricity Direct mechanical drive Steam or hot water, integrated systems that consist of various components ranging from prime mover (heat engine), generator

248

Feasibility, beneficiality, and institutional compatibility of a micro-CHP virtual power plant in the Netherlands:.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Dutch households are responsible for a significant part of the total Dutch energy consumption and CO2 emissions. One option for decreasing household energy consumption and… (more)

Landsbergen, P.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

CHP Modeling as a Tool for Electric Power Utilities to Understand Major Industrial Customers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for optimum rate design. REFERENCES 1. Kumana, J D and R Nath, "Demand Side Dispatching, Part 1 - A Novel Approach for Industrial Load Shaping Applications", IETC Proceedings (March 93) 2. R Nath, D A Cerget, and E T Henderson, "Demand Side... Dispatching, Part 2 - An Industrial Application", IETC Proceedings (March 93) 3. R Nath and J D Kumana, "NOx Dispatching in Plant Utility Systems using Existing Software Tools", IETC Proceedings (April 92) 4. R Nath, J D KUJIl3I13, and J F Holiday...

Kumana, J. D.; Alanis, F. J.; Swad, T.; Shah, J. V.

250

Combined Heat and Power (CHP): Essential for a Cost Effective Clean Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-Up fromDepartmentTieCelebrate Earth Codes andDepartment of Energy 0Department2007

251

Combined Heat and Power (CHP): Is It Right For Your Facility?  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-Up fromDepartmentTieCelebrate Earth Codes andDepartment of Energy

252

The Value of Distributed Generation and CHP Resources in Wholesale Power  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion |Energy Usage »of EnergyThe EnergyDepartment of Energy The U.S. and

253

Development of an Advanced Combined Heat and Power (CHP) System Utilizing  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergy CooperationRequirements Matrix U.S. Department

254

Combined Heat and Power (CHP) Integrated with Burners for Packaged Boilers  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarly Career Scientists'Montana. DOCUMENTS AVAILABLE FORSuperiorThe Office ofScience| Department of3Combined|

255

HUD Combined Heat and Power (CHP) Guide #3, September 2010 | Department of  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-UpHeatMulti-Dimensional Subject:Ground SourceHBLED HotSeptember 2005 | Department

256

National CHP Roadmap: Doubling Combined Heat and Power Capacity in the  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion | Department ofT ib l L d F S i DOEToward aInnovationHydrogenNRGA CNathanUnited States by

257

Hybrid robust predictive optimization method of power system dispatch  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method of power system dispatch control solves power system dispatch problems by integrating a larger variety of generation, load and storage assets, including without limitation, combined heat and power (CHP) units, renewable generation with forecasting, controllable loads, electric, thermal and water energy storage. The method employs a predictive algorithm to dynamically schedule different assets in order to achieve global optimization and maintain the system normal operation.

Chandra, Ramu Sharat (Niskayuna, NY); Liu, Yan (Ballston Lake, NY); Bose, Sumit (Niskayuna, NY); de Bedout, Juan Manuel (West Glenville, NY)

2011-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

258

Combined Heating and Power Using Microturbines in a Major Urban Hotel  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper describes the results of a cooperative effort to install and operate a Cooling, Heating and Power (CHP) System at a major hotel in San Francisco, CA. The packaged CHP System integrated four microturbines, a double-effect absorption chiller, two fuel gas boosters, and the control hardware and software to ensure that the system operated predictably, reliably, and safely. The chiller was directly energized by the recycled hot exhaust from the microturbines, and could be configured to provide either chilled or hot water. As installed, the system was capable of providing up to 227 kW of net electrical power and 142 Refrigeration Tons (RT) of chilled water at a 59oF (15oC) ambient temperature. For the year, the CHP efficiency was 54 percent. Significant lessons learned from this test and verification project are discussed as well as measured performance and economic considerations.

Sweetser, Richard [Exergy Partners Corp.] [Exergy Partners Corp.; Wagner, Timothy [United Technologies Research Center (UTRC)] [United Technologies Research Center (UTRC); Leslie, Neil [Gas Technology Institute] [Gas Technology Institute; Stovall, Therese K [ORNL] [ORNL

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

EFFECTS ON CHP PLANT EFFICIENCY OF H2 PRODUCTION THROUGH PARTIAL OXYDATION OF NATURAL GAS OVER TWO GROUP VIII METAL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EFFECTS ON CHP PLANT EFFICIENCY OF H2 PRODUCTION THROUGH PARTIAL OXYDATION OF NATURAL GAS OVER TWO with natural gas in spark ignition engines can increase for electric efficiency. In-situ H23 production for spark ignition engines fuelled by natural gas has therefore been investigated recently, and4 reformed

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

260

Performance of a solid oxide fuel cell CHP system coupled with a hot water storage tank for  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Performance of a solid oxide fuel cell CHP system coupled with a hot water storage tank for single storage tank is studied. Thermal stratification in the tank increases the heat recovery performance of the residence. Two fuels are considered, namely syngas and natural gas. The tank model considers the temperature

Berning, Torsten

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "merchant chp power" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

The Confusing Allure of Combined Heat and Power: The Financial Attraction and Management Challenge of Reducing Energy Spend and Resulting Carbon Emissions Through Onsite Power Generation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

efficient system that produces power (electricity, mechanical power or thermal energy), then captures the waste heat created by the power generation process and reuses it to help meet any of a variety of needs the user may have in a facility. While... a huge increase in energy reliability to a facility. This can help the user avoid the risk of the devastating financial loss that can come when grid-supplied power is interrupted. CHP reliability, however, should not be taken for granted...

Davis, R.

262

Combined Heat and Power: Effective Energy Solutions for a Sustainable Future  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Combined Heat and Power (CHP) solutions represent a proven and effective near-term energy option to help the United States enhance energy efficiency, ensure environmental quality, promote economic growth, and foster a robust energy infrastructure. Using CHP today, the United States already avoids more than 1.9 Quadrillion British thermal units (Quads) of fuel consumption and 248 million metric tons of carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) emissions annually compared to traditional separate production of electricity and thermal energy. This CO{sub 2} reduction is the equivalent of removing more than 45 million cars from the road. In addition, CHP is one of the few options in the portfolio of energy alternatives that combines environmental effectiveness with economic viability and improved competitiveness. This report describes in detail the four key areas where CHP has proven its effectiveness and holds promise for the future as an: (1) Environmental Solution: Significantly reducing CO{sub 2} emissions through greater energy efficiency; (2) Competitive Business Solution: Increasing efficiency, reducing business costs, and creating green-collar jobs; (3) Local Energy Solution: Deployable throughout the US; and (4) Infrastructure Modernization Solution: Relieving grid congestion and improving energy security. CHP should be one of the first technologies deployed for near-term carbon reductions. The cost-effectiveness and near-term viability of widespread CHP deployment place the technology at the forefront of practical alternative energy solutions such as wind, solar, clean coal, biofuels, and nuclear power. Clear synergies exist between CHP and most other technologies that dominate the energy and environmental policy dialogue in the country today. As the Nation transforms how it produces, transports, and uses the many forms of energy, it must seize the clear opportunity afforded by CHP in terms of climate change, economic competitiveness, energy security, and infrastructure modernization. The energy efficiency benefits of CHP offer significant, realistic solutions to near- and long-term energy issues facing the Nation. With growing demand for energy, tight supply options, and increasing environmental constraints, extracting the maximum output from primary fuel sources through efficiency is critical to sustained economic development and environmental stewardship. Investment in CHP would stimulate the creation of new 'green-collar' jobs, modernize aging energy infrastructure, and protect and enhance the competitiveness of US manufacturing industries. The complementary roles of energy efficiency, renewable energy, and responsible use of traditional energy supplies must be recognized. CHP's proven performance and potential for wider use are evidence of its near-term applicability and, with technological improvements and further elimination of market barriers, of its longer term promise to address the country's most important energy and environmental needs. A strategic approach is needed to encourage CHP where it can be applied today and address the regulatory and technical challenges preventing its long-term viability. Experience in the United States and other countries shows that a balanced set of policies, incentives, business models, and investments can stimulate sustained CHP growth and allow all stakeholders to reap its many well-documented benefits.

Shipley, Ms. Anna [Sentech, Inc.; Hampson, Anne [Energy and Environmental Analysis, Inc., an ICF Company; Hedman, Mr. Bruce [Energy and Environmental Analysis, Inc., an ICF Company; Garland, Patricia W [ORNL; Bautista, Paul [Sentech, Inc.

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Decentralised optimisation of cogeneration in virtual power plants  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Within several projects we investigated grid structures and management strategies for active grids with high penetration of renewable energy resources and distributed generation (RES and DG). Those ''smart grids'' should be designed and managed by model based methods, which are elaborated within these projects. Cogeneration plants (CHP) can reduce the greenhouse gas emissions by locally producing heat and electricity. The integration of thermal storage devices is suitable to get more flexibility for the cogeneration operation. If several power plants are bound to centrally managed clusters, it is called ''virtual power plant''. To operate smart grids optimally, new optimisation and model reduction techniques are necessary to get rid with the complexity. There is a great potential for the optimised management of CHPs, which is not yet used. Due to the fact that electrical and thermal demands do not occur simultaneously, a thermally driven CHP cannot supply electrical peak loads when needed. With the usage of thermal storage systems it is possible to decouple electric and thermal production. We developed an optimisation method based on mixed integer linear programming (MILP) for the management of local heat supply systems with CHPs, heating boilers and thermal storages. The algorithm allows the production of thermal and electric energy with a maximal benefit. In addition to fuel and maintenance costs it is assumed that the produced electricity of the CHP is sold at dynamic prices. This developed optimisation algorithm was used for an existing local heat system with 5 CHP units of the same type. An analysis of the potential showed that about 10% increase in benefit is possible compared to a typical thermally driven CHP system under current German boundary conditions. The quality of the optimisation result depends on an accurate prognosis of the thermal load which is realised with an empiric formula fitted with measured data by a multiple regression method. The key functionality of a virtual power plant is to increase the value of the produced power by clustering different plants. The first step of the optimisation concerns the local operation of the individual power generator, the second step is to calculate the contribution to the virtual power plant. With small extensions the suggested MILP algorithm can be used for an overall EEX (European Energy Exchange) optimised management of clustered CHP systems in form of the virtual power plant. This algorithm has been used to control cogeneration plants within a distribution grid. (author)

Wille-Haussmann, Bernhard; Erge, Thomas; Wittwer, Christof [Fraunhofer Institute for Solar Energy Systems ISE, Heidenhofstrasse 2, 79110 Freiburg (Germany)

2010-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

264

Building Distributed Energy Performance Optimization for China a Regional Analysis of Building Energy Costs and CO2 Emissions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

such as combined heat and power (CHP), photovoltaics (PV),Generation, Combined Heat and Power (CHP), DER-CAMfuel cells, combined heat and power (CHP), and electrical

Feng, Wei

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Optimal Technology Selection and Operation of Microgrids in Commercial Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

emissions credits) of combined heat and power (CHP), plus 2)efficiency investments, and combined heat and power (CHP)to evaluating combined heat and power (CHP) opportunities

Marnay, Chris; Venkataramanan, Giri; Stadler, Michael; Siddiqui, Afzal; Firestone, Ryan; Chandran, Bala

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Energy Efficiency Improvement and Cost Saving Opportunities for the Glass Industry. An ENERGY STAR Guide for Energy and Plant Managers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

HVAC Meaures Combined heat and power (CHP) Energy managementet al. 2003). Combined heat and power (CHP) or cogeneration.requirements, the combined heat and power (CHP) systems may

Worrell, Ernst

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Development and Testing of the Advanced CHP System Utilizing the Off-Gas from the Innovative Green Coke Calcining Process in Fluidized Bed  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Green petroleum coke (GPC) is an oil refining byproduct that can be used directly as a solid fuel or as a feedstock for the production of calcined petroleum coke. GPC contains a high amount of volatiles and sulfur. During the calcination process, the GPC is heated to remove the volatiles and sulfur to produce purified calcined coke, which is used in the production of graphite, electrodes, metal carburizers, and other carbon products. Currently, more than 80% of calcined coke is produced in rotary kilns or rotary hearth furnaces. These technologies provide partial heat utilization of the calcined coke to increase efficiency of the calcination process, but they also share some operating disadvantages. However, coke calcination in an electrothermal fluidized bed (EFB) opens up a number of potential benefits for the production enhancement, while reducing the capital and operating costs. The increased usage of heavy crude oil in recent years has resulted in higher sulfur content in green coke produced by oil refinery process, which requires a significant increase in the calcinations temperature and in residence time. The calorific value of the process off-gas is quite substantial and can be effectively utilized as an “opportunity fuel” for combined heat and power (CHP) production to complement the energy demand. Heat recovered from the product cooling can also contribute to the overall economics of the calcination process. Preliminary estimates indicated the decrease in energy consumption by 35-50% as well as a proportional decrease in greenhouse gas emissions. As such, the efficiency improvement of the coke calcinations systems is attracting close attention of the researchers and engineers throughout the world. The developed technology is intended to accomplish the following objectives: - Reduce the energy and carbon intensity of the calcined coke production process. - Increase utilization of opportunity fuels such as industrial waste off-gas from the novel petroleum coke calcination process. - Increase the opportunity of heat (chemical and physical) utilization from process off-gases and solid product. - Develop a design of advanced CHP system utilizing off-gases as an “opportunity fuel” for petroleum coke calcinations and sensible heat of calcined coke. A successful accomplishment of the aforementioned objectives will contribute toward the following U.S. DOE programmatic goals: - Drive a 25% reduction in U. S. industrial energy intensity by 2017 in support of EPAct 2005; - Contribute to an 18% reduction in U.S. carbon intensity by 2012 as established by the Administration’s “National Goal to Reduce Emissions Intensity.” 8

Chudnovsky, Yaroslav; Kozlov, Aleksandr

2013-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

268

Encouraging Combined Heat and Power in California Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CHP enabled fuel cell adoption, demonstrating how sensitive the results are to investment costs,costs, and payback periods for investments have been performed. The most optimistic CHP

Stadler, Michael

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Investment and Upgrade in Distributed Generation under Uncertainty  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DG) and combined heat and power (CHP) applications via heatrates and the potential for CHP applications increase theand combined heat and power (CHP) 2 applications matched to

Siddiqui, Afzal

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Optimal Planning and Operation of Smart Grids with Electric Vehicle Interconnection  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

GWh] combined heat and power (CHP) and other distributenand combined heat and power (CHP) systems with and withoutrenewable energy source or CHP system at the building could

Stadler, Michael

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Power Systems Integration Laboratory (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This fact sheet describes the purpose, lab specifications, applications scenarios, and information on how to partner with NREL's Power Systems Integration Laboratory at the Energy Systems Integration Facility. At NREL's Power Systems Integration Laboratory in the Energy Systems Integration Facility (ESIF), research focuses on developing and testing large-scale distributed energy systems for grid-connected, stand-alone, and microgrid applications. The laboratory can accommodate large power system components such as inverters for photovoltaic (PV) and wind systems, diesel and natural gas generators, battery packs, microgrid interconnection switchgear, and vehicles. Closely coupled with the research electrical distribution bus at the ESIF, the Power Systems Integration Laboratory will offer power testing capability of megawatt-scale DC and AC power systems, as well as advanced hardware-in-the-loop and model-in-the-loop simulation capabilities. Thermal heating and cooling loops and fuel also allow testing of combined heating/cooling and power systems (CHP).

Not Available

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

The aftermath of primary power and its implications for independent transmission in PJM  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The recent decision by the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission in ''Primary Power'' will have fundamental ramifications for transmission investment in the far-reaching PJM footprint. This decision, which is pending on rehearing and will likely be appealed, will determine whether transmission projects that are entitled to regulated rate recovery under the PJM tariff can only be built by incumbent transmission owners and whether new independent transmission entities are limited to building transmission projects on a ''merchant'' basis. (author)

Farrah, Elias G.; Elstein, S. Shamai

2010-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

273

EA-260 EPCOR Merchant and Capital (US) Inc | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Year in Review: TopEnergy DOEDealingVehicle1 Closing American Electric Power80A BrascanD EPCOR

274

EA-260-A EPCOR Merchant and Capital (US) Inc | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Year in Review: TopEnergy DOEDealingVehicle1 Closing American Electric Power80A BrascanD

275

A Review of Power Electronics Based Microgrids 181 JPE 12-1-23 http://dx.doi.org/10.6113/JPE.2012.12.1.181  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. With the growing deployment of DER units, especially small-scale Combined Heat and Power (CHP) plants and Renewable Energy Sources (RES) based Distributed Generation (DG) units, distribution systems can no longer in US, Hydro-Quebec microgrid in Canada, NEDO microgrid in Japan, and EU Microgrid in Europe, have shown

Chen, Zhe

276

Effects of a carbon tax on microgrid combined heat and power adoption  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper describes the economically optimal adoption and operation of distributed energy resources (DER) by a hypothetical California microgrid consisting of a group of commercial buildings over an historic test year, 1999. The optimization is conducted using a customer adoption model (DER-CAM) developed at Berkeley Lab and implemented in the General Algebraic Modeling System (GAMS). A microgrid is a semiautonomous grouping of electricity and heat loads interconnected to the existing utility grid (macrogrid) but able to island from it. The microgrid minimizes the cost of meeting its energy requirements (consisting of both electricity and heat loads) by optimizing the installation and operation of DER technologies while purchasing residual energy from the local combined natural gas and electricity utility. The available DER technologies are small-scale generators (< 500 kW), such as reciprocating engines, microturbines, and fuel cells, with or without combined heat and power (CHP) equipment, such as water and space heating and/or absorption cooling. By introducing a tax on carbon emissions, it is shown that if the microgrid is allowed to install CHP-enabled DER technologies, its carbon emissions are mitigated more than without CHP, demonstrating the potential benefits of small-scale CHP technology for climate change mitigation. Reciprocating engines with heat recovery and/or absorption cooling tend to be attractive technologies for the mild southern California climate, but the carbon mitigation tends to be modest compared to purchasing utility electricity because of the predominance of relatively clean central station generation in California.

Siddiqui, Afzal S.; Marnay, Chris; Edwards, Jennifer L.; Firestone, Ryan M.; Ghosh, Srijay; Stadler, Michael

2004-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Distributed energy resources customer adoption modeling with combined heat and power applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Tariff Install with CHP investment costs (k$)*** ElectricityInstall no CHP FC Only Subsidy investment costs (k$)***Tariff No-CHP Tariff Do Nothing K$ Investment Costs Annual

Siddiqui, Afzal S.; Firestone, Ryan M.; Ghosh, Srijay; Stadler, Michael; Edwards, Jennifer L.; Marnay, Chris

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Combined Heat and Power for Saving Energy and Carbon in Residential Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the potential for CHP in residential homes at the case ofless than 10 kW) CHP for residential buildings. This isstates. Comparison of residential micro CHP technologies to

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

A Better Steam Engine: Designing a Distributed Concentrating Solar Combined Heat and Power System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the subject of residential solar CHP, volumetric expansionthesis devoted to residential solar CHP systems) that inCHP system, in the 1-10 kW peak electric range, will be appropriate for small residential

Norwood, Zachary Mills

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Distributed Energy Resources for Carbon Emissions Mitigation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

combined heat and power (CHP), thermally- activated cooling,electricity and heat from CHP. The economics of storage is1. installed capacity of CHP generators installed capacity (

Firestone, Ryan; Marnay, Chris

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "merchant chp power" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Thermal Energy Corporation Combined Heat and Power Project  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

To meet the planned heating and cooling load growth at the Texas Medical Center (TMC), Thermal Energy Corporation (TECO) implemented Phase 1 of a Master Plan to install an additional 32,000 tons of chilled water capacity, a 75,000 ton-hour (8.8 million gallon) Thermal Energy Storage (TES) tank, and a 48 MW Combined Heat and Power (CHP) system. The Department of Energy selected TMC for a $10 million grant award as part of the Financial Assistance Funding Opportunity Announcement, U.S. Department of Energy National Energy Technology, Recovery Act: Deployment of Combined Heat and Power (CHP) Systems, District Energy Systems, Waste Energy Recovery Systems, and Efficiency Industrial Equipment Funding Opportunity Number: DE-FOA-0000044 to support the installation of a new 48 MW CHP system at the TMC located just outside downtown Houston. As the largest medical center in the world, TMC is home to many of the nationâ??s best hospitals, physicians, researchers, educational institutions, and health care providers. TMC provides care to approximately six million patients each year, and medical instruction to over 71,000 students. A medical center the size of TMC has enormous electricity and thermal energy demands to help it carry out its mission. Reliable, high-quality steam and chilled water are of utmost importance to the operations of its many facilities. For example, advanced medical equipment, laboratories, laundry facilities, space heating and cooling all rely on the generation of heat and power. As result of this project TECO provides this mission critical heating and cooling to TMC utilizing a system that is both energy-efficient and reliable since it provides the capability to run on power independent of the already strained regional electric grid. This allows the medical center to focus on its primary mission â?? providing top quality medical care and instruction â?? without worrying about excessive energy costs or the loss of heating and cooling due to the risk of power outages. TECOâ??s operation is the largest Chilled Water District Energy System in the United States. The company used DOEâ??s funding to help install a new high efficiency CHP system consisting of a Combustion Turbine and a Heat Recovery Steam Generator. This CHP installation was just part of a larger project undertaken by TECO to ensure that it can continue to meet TMCâ??s growing needs. The complete efficiency overhaul that TECO undertook supported more than 1,000 direct and indirect jobs in manufacturing, engineering, and construction, with approximately 400 of those being jobs directly associated with construction of the combined heat and power plant. This showcase industrial scale CHP project, serving a critical component of the nationâ??s healthcare infrastructure, directly and immediately supported the energy efficiency and job creation goals established by ARRA and DOE. It also provided an unsurpassed model of a district energy CHP application that can be replicated within other energy intensive applications in the industrial, institutional and commercial sectors.

E. Bruce Turner; Tim Brown; Ed Mardiat

2011-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

282

Development of an Advanced Combined Heat and Power (CHP) System Utilizing Off-Gas from Coke Calcination  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Coke calcination is a process that involves the heating of green petroleum coke in order to remove volatile material and purify the coke for further processing. Calcined coke is vital to the...

283

CHP in ESPC: Implementing Combined Heat and Power Technologies Using Energy Savings Performance Contracts (ESPCs): Webinar Transcript  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Kurmit Rockwell:Welcome.  I'm Kurmit Rockwell, the ESPC Program Manager for DOE's Federal Energy Management Program.  In this presentation we will introduce you to the basics of combined heat and...

284

SEE Action IEE-CHP Webinar 1: Combined Heat and Power: A Technical & Economic Compliance Strategy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion | Department ofT ib l LPROJECTS IN7 Roadmap forDKT. NO. 14-98-LNG NFTAA-1 SECTION

285

Modeling of reciprocating internal combustion engines for power generation and heat recovery  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents a power generation and heat recovery model for reciprocating internal combustion engines (ICEs). The purpose of the proposed model is to provide realistic estimates of performance/efficiency maps for both electrical power output and useful thermal output for various capacities of engines for use in a preliminary CHP design/simulation process. The proposed model will serve as an alternative to constant engine efficiencies or empirical efficiency curves commonly used in the current literature for simulations of CHP systems. The engine performance/efficiency calculation algorithm has been coded to a publicly distributed FORTRAN Dynamic Link Library (DLL), and a user friendly tool has been developed using Visual Basic programming. Simulation results using the proposed model are validated against manufacturer’s technical data.

Yun, Kyung Tae; Cho, Heejin; Luck, Rogelio; Mago, Pedro J.

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

The Added Economic and Environmental Value of Solar Thermal Systems in Microgrids with CombinedHeat and Power  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The addition of solar thermal and heat storage systems can improve the economic, as well as environmental attraction of micro-generation systems, e.g. fuel cells with or without combined heat and power (CHP) and contribute to enhanced CO2 reduction. However, the interactions between solar thermal collection and storage systems and CHP systems can be complex, depending on the tariff structure, load profile, etc. In order to examine the impact of solar thermal and heat storage on CO2 emissions and annual energy costs, a microgrid's distributed energy resources (DER) adoption problem is formulated as a mixed-integer linear program. The objective is minimization of annual energy costs. This paper focuses on analysis of the optimal interaction of solar thermal systems, which can be used for domestic hot water, space heating and/or cooling, and micro-CHP systems in the California service territory of San Diego Gas and Electric (SDG&E). Contrary to typical expectations, our results indicate that despite the high solar radiation in southern California, fossil based CHP units are dominant, even with forecast 2020 technology and costs. A CO2 pricing scheme would be needed to incent installation of combined solar thermal absorption chiller systems, and no heat storage systems are adopted. This research also shows that photovoltaic (PV) arrays are favored by CO2 pricing more than solar thermal adoption.

Marnay, Chris; Stadler, Michael; Cardoso, Goncalo; Megel, Olivier; Lai, Judy; Siddiqui, Afzal

2009-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

287

Stationary Policies in the Control of Invasive Species  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

a Combined Heat and Power (CHP) plant. A CHP plant uses hotter steam and higher pressure boilers. It, too

288

National Account Energy Alliance Final Report for the Ritz Carlton, San Francisco Combined Heat and Power Project  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Under collaboration between DOE and the Gas Technology Institute (GTI), UTC Power partnered with Host Hotels and Resorts to install and operate a PureComfort 240M Cooling, Heating and Power (CHP) System at the Ritz-Carlton, San Francisco. This packaged CHP system integrated four microturbines, a double-effect absorption chiller, two fuel gas boosters, and the control hardware and software to ensure that the system operated predictably, reliably, and safely. The chiller, directly energized by the recycled hot exhaust from the microturbines, could be configured to provide either chilled or hot water. As installed, the system was capable of providing up to 227 kW of net electrical power and 142 RT of chilled water at a 59F ambient temperature.

Rosfjord, Thomas J [UTC Power

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Insuring Electric Power for Critical Services After Disasters with Building-Sited Electric Generating Technologies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of traditional emergency generator applications, these technologies are integrated in building energy systems to provide some portion of a facility’s electricity and thermal energy needs including space heating and air conditioning. In the event of a power.... These CHP systems provide electricity and utilize waste heat from the generation process in existing building thermal applications such as space heating, domestic water heating. Thermal energy can also be used in an absorption refrigeration cycle...

Jackson, J.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Microsoft PowerPoint - HTGR Key Requirements Design Functional...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

* Cracking facilities * Ammonia Production - Enhanced oil recovery * Oil Sands * Oil Shale * Oil Shale - Hydrogen * Hydrogenation * General industrial merchant market -...

291

A Tariff for Reactive Power  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Two kinds of power are required to operate an electric power system: real power, measured in watts, and reactive power, measured in volt-amperes reactive or VARs. Reactive power supply is one of a class of power system reliability services collectively known as ancillary services, and is essential for the reliable operation of the bulk power system. Reactive power flows when current leads or lags behind voltage. Typically, the current in a distribution system lags behind voltage because of inductive loads such as motors. Reactive power flow wastes energy and capacity and causes voltage droop. To correct lagging power flow, leading reactive power (current leading voltage) is supplied to bring the current into phase with voltage. When the current is in phase with voltage, there is a reduction in system losses, an increase in system capacity, and a rise in voltage. Reactive power can be supplied from either static or dynamic VAR sources. Static sources are typically transmission and distribution equipment, such as capacitors at substations, and their cost has historically been included in the revenue requirement of the transmission operator (TO), and recovered through cost-of-service rates. By contrast, dynamic sources are typically generators capable of producing variable levels of reactive power by automatically controlling the generator to regulate voltage. Transmission system devices such as synchronous condensers can also provide dynamic reactive power. A class of solid state devices (called flexible AC transmission system devices or FACTs) can provide dynamic reactive power. One specific device has the unfortunate name of static VAR compensator (SVC), where 'static' refers to the solid state nature of the device (it does not include rotating equipment) and not to the production of static reactive power. Dynamic sources at the distribution level, while more costly would be very useful in helping to regulate local voltage. Local voltage regulation would reduce system losses, increase circuit capacity, increase reliability, and improve efficiency. Reactive power is theoretically available from any inverter-based equipment such as photovoltaic (PV) systems, fuel cells, microturbines, and adjustable-speed drives. However, the installation is usually only economical if reactive power supply is considered during the design and construction phase. In this report, we find that if the inverters of PV systems or the generators of combined heat and power (CHP) systems were designed with capability to supply dynamic reactive power, they could do this quite economically. In fact, on an annualized basis, these inverters and generators may be able to supply dynamic reactive power for about $5 or $6 per kVAR. The savings from the local supply of dynamic reactive power would be in reduced losses, increased capacity, and decreased transmission congestion. The net savings are estimated to be about $7 per kVAR on an annualized basis for a hypothetical circuit. Thus the distribution company could economically purchase a dynamic reactive power service from customers for perhaps $6/kVAR. This practice would provide for better voltage regulation in the distribution system and would provide an alternate revenue source to help amortize the cost of PV and CHP installations. As distribution and transmission systems are operated under rising levels of stress, the value of local dynamic reactive supply is expected to grow. Also, large power inverters, in the range of 500 kW to 1 MW, are expected to decrease in cost as they become mass produced. This report provides one data point which shows that the local supply of dynamic reactive power is marginally profitable at present for a hypothetical circuit. We expect that the trends of growing power flow on the existing system and mass production of inverters for distributed energy devices will make the dynamic supply of reactive power from customers an integral component of economical and reliable system operation in the future.

Kueck, John D [ORNL; Kirby, Brendan J [ORNL; Li, Fangxing [ORNL; Tufon, Christopher [Pacific Gas and Electric Company; Isemonger, Alan [California Independent System Operator

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Final Report: Assessment of Combined Heat and Power Premium Power Applications in California  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

investment in CHP could significantly benefit the facility in terms of both costcost, and energy technology investments for each scenario below: Scenario 1 Diesel generators and CHP/cost, and energy technology investments for each scenario below: Scenario 1 Diesel generators and CHP/

Norwood, Zack

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Energy Efficiency Improvement and Cost Saving Opportunities for the Vehicle Assembly Industry: An ENERGY STAR Guide for Energy and Plant Managers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1998b). Distributed Small-scale CHP on a Large ManufacturingCADDET). (1998). Free CHP Saves Energy for VehicleCombined heat and power (CHP) CHP combined with absorption

Galitsky, Christina

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

System Integration of Distributed Power for Complete Building Systems: Phase 1 Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report describes NiSource Energy Technologies Inc.'s base year of a planned 3-year effort to advance distributed power development, deployment, and integration. Its long-term goal is to design ways to extend distributed generation into the physical design and controls of buildings. NET worked to meet this goal through advances in the implementation and control of CHP systems in end-user environments and a further understanding of electric interconnection and siting issues. Important results from the first year were a survey of the state of the art of interconnection issues associated with distributed generation, a survey of the local zoning requirements for the NiSource service territory, and the acquisition of data about the operation, reliability, interconnection, and performance of CHP systems and components of two test sites.

Kramer, R.

2003-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Distributed Energy Resources Market Diffusion Model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

power generation with combined heat and power applications."central stations, combined heat and power (CHP) applicationsgeneration and combined heat and power (CHP) technologies,

Maribu, Karl Magnus; Firestone, Ryan; Marnay, Chris; Siddiqui, Afzal S.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY CUMMINS POWER GENERATION...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

a flexible, 330 kWe packaged CHP system that can be deployed to commercial and light industrial applications at a lower cost than current CHP solutions. The program intends to...

297

Specification of Selected Performance Monitoring and Commissioning Verification Algorithms for CHP Systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) is assisting the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Distributed Energy (DE) Program by developing advanced control algorithms that would lead to development of tools to enhance performance and reliability, and reduce emissions of distributed energy technologies, including combined heat and power technologies. This report documents phase 2 of the program, providing a detailed functional specification for algorithms for performance monitoring and commissioning verification, scheduled for development in FY 2006. The report identifies the systems for which algorithms will be developed, the specific functions of each algorithm, metrics which the algorithms will output, and inputs required by each algorithm.

Brambley, Michael R.; Katipamula, Srinivas

2006-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

298

Low-Cost Packaged CHP System with Reduced Emissions - Presentation by  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-UpHeatMulti-Dimensionalthe10IO1OP001Long-Termpaul_fini@cree.com CREECummins Power

299

ITP Industrial Distributed Energy: Combustion Turbine CHP System for Food Processing Industry  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Year in3.pdfEnergy Health andof EnergyHydrogen-PoweredIDIQSeptember 2009BandwidthINDUSTRIAL

300

Microsoft PowerPoint - Overview of Biomass Energy and Economic...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

* Market Opportunity Analysis. Supporting analyses of CHP market opportunities in diverse markets including industrial, federal, institutional, and commercial sectors Education...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "merchant chp power" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Real-Time Combined Heat and Power Operational Strategy Using a Hierarchical Optimization Algorithm  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Existing attempts to optimize the operation of Combined Heat and Power (CHP) systems for building applications have two major limitations: the electrical and thermal loads are obtained from historical weather profiles; and the CHP system models ignore transient responses by using constant equipment efficiencies. This paper considers the transient response of a building combined with a hierarchical CHP optimal control algorithm to obtain a real-time integrated system that uses the most recent weather and electric load information. This is accomplished by running concurrent simulations of two transient building models. The first transient building model uses current as well as forecast input information to obtain short term predictions of the thermal and electric building loads. The predictions are then used by an optimization algorithm, i.e., a hierarchical controller, that decides the amount of fuel and of electrical energy to be allocated at the current time step. In a simulation, the actual physical building is not available and, hence, to simulate a real-time environment, a second, building model with similar but not identical input loads are used to represent the actual building. A state-variable feedback loop is completed at the beginning of each time step by copying, i.e., measuring, the state variable from the actual building and restarting the predictive model using these ?measured? values as initial conditions. The simulation environment presented in this paper features nonlinear effects such as the dependence of the heat exchanger effectiveness on their operating conditions. The results indicate that the CHP engine operation dictated by the proposed hierarchical controller with uncertain weather conditions have the potential to yield significant savings when compared to conventional systems using current values of electricity and fuel prices.

Yun, Kyung Tae; Cho, Heejin; Luck, Rogelio; Mago, Pedro J.

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Use of Time-Aggregated Data in Economic Screening Analyses of Combined Heat and Power Systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Combined heat and power (CHP) projects (also known as cogeneration projects) usually undergo a series of assessments and viability checks before any commitment is made. A screening analysis, with electrical and thermal loads characterized on an annual basis, may be performed initially to quickly determine the economic viability of the proposed project. Screening analyses using time-aggregated data do not reflect several critical cost influences, however. Seasonal and diurnal variations in electrical and thermal loads, as well as time-of-use utility pricing structures, can have a dramatic impact on the economics. A more accurate economic assessment requires additional detailed data on electrical and thermal demand (e.g., hourly load data), which may not be readily available for the specific facility under study. Recent developments in CHP evaluation tools, however, can generate the needed hourly data through the use of historical data libraries and building simulation. This article utilizes model-generated hourly load data for four potential CHP applications and compares the calculated cost savings of a CHP system when evaluated on a time-aggregated (i.e., annual) basis to the savings when evaluated on an hour-by-hour basis. It is observed that the simple, aggregated analysis forecasts much greater savings (i.e., greater economic viability) than the more detailed hourly analysis. The findings confirm that the simpler tool produces results with a much more optimistic outlook, which, if taken by itself, might lead to erroneous project decisions. The more rigorous approach, being more reflective of actual requirements and conditions, presents a more accurate economic comparison of the alternatives, which, in turn, leads to better decision risk management.

Hudson II, Carl Randy [ORNL

2004-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Carbon and Energy Savings from Combined Heat and Power: A Closer Look  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Credit for 4. U. S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Combined Heat and Power (CHP) Systems, the Census. 1975. Historical Statistics of http://www.ustreas.gov/press/releases/gmbk the United States: Colonial Times to 1970. 99.htm Part 2. Table P 216...CARBON AND ENERGY SAVINGS FROM COMBINED HEAT AND POWER: A CLOSER LOOK Joseph M. Roop Pacific Northwest National Laboratory P. O. Box 999 K8-17, Richland, WA 99352 (509) 372-4245 Fax: (509) 372?4370 joe.roop@pnl.gov ABSTRACT...

Roop, J. M.; Kaarsberg, T.

304

Energy Efficiency Improvement and Cost Saving Opportunities for the Vehicle Assembly Industry: An ENERGY STAR Guide for Energy and Plant Managers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy management systems Combined heat and power (CHP) CHPperiod was negligible. Combined heat and power (CHP) 5 . Forrequirements, the use of combined heat and power systems can

Galitsky, Christina

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Managing Your Energy: An ENERGY STAR(R) Guide for Identifying Energy Savings in Manufacturing Plants  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

boiler fuel, and combined heat and power (CHP) and/orfluorescent lamp Combined heat and power Canadian Industrysoftware.html Combined Heat and Power Application tool (CHP)

Worrell, Ernst

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Energy Portfolio Standards and the Promotion of Combined Heat...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Portfolio Standards and the Promotion of Combined Heat and Power (CHP) White Paper, April 2009 Energy Portfolio Standards and the Promotion of Combined Heat and Power (CHP) White...

307

Balance of Plant Needs and Integration of Stack Components for...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Needs and Integration of Stack Components for Stationary Power and CHP Applications Balance of Plant Needs and Integration of Stack Components for Stationary Power and CHP...

308

Distributed Generation Dispatch Optimization under Various Electricity Tariffs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the Optimization of Cogeneration Dispatch in a Deregulatedheat and power (CHP), or cogeneration, systems make use ofheat and power (CHP), or cogeneration, systems make use of

Firestone, Ryan; Marnay, Chris

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Hexion CHP Project  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the exothermic reaction through a heat transfer fluid jacket around the reactor vessel that controls reaction temperature and transfers heat to a secondary water/steam loop. Until 2004, most of the heat entrained in the steam was vented to the atmosphere via a...

Bullock, B.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

CHP for Food Processing  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-Up fromDepartmentTie Ltd:June 2015 <Ones |Laboratory, June 2011 | Department

311

State Opportunities for Action: Review of States' Combined Heat and Power Activities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Greene, K. McConnack, 1. Li, and R.N. Elliott. 2001. Certification of Combined Heat and Power Systems: Establishing Emissions Standards. ACEEE-fE014. Washington, D.C.: American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy. Smith, S. (New York Research... not listed in Table 2 fall into the category of "NUN": no state-level financial incentives (''N''); the utility ("U") regulates interconnections to the grid; and there are no state-level special emissions rules for CHP ("N"). e 1 S Resu ts I ~ Sta e A...

Brown, E.; Scott, K.; Elliott, R. N.

312

A Framework for the Evaluation of the Cost and Benefits of Microgrids  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Combined Heat and Power–CHP) [4]. It has been suggested thatCombined Heat and Power (CHP) [9],[16]. Participation ofParameter Description CHP Integration Whether Combined Heat

Morris, Greg Young

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

An engineering-economic analysis of combined heat and power technologies in a (mu)grid application  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report describes an investigation at Ernesto Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) of the potential for coupling combined heat and power (CHP) with on-site electricity generation to provide power and heating, and cooling services to customers. This research into distributed energy resources (DER) builds on the concept of the microgrid (mGrid), a semiautonomous grouping of power-generating sources that are placed and operated by and for the benefit of its members. For this investigation, a hypothetical small shopping mall (''Microgrid Oaks'') was developed and analyzed for the cost effectiveness of installing CHP to provide the mGrid's energy needs. A mGrid consists of groups of customers pooling energy loads and installing a combination of generation resources that meets the particular mGrid's goals. This study assumes the mGrid is seeking to minimize energy costs. mGrids could operate independently of the macrogrid (the wider power network), but they are usually assumed to be connected, through power electronics, to the macrogrid. The mGrid in this study is assumed to be interconnected to the macrogrid, and can purchase some energy and ancillary services from utility providers.

Bailey, Owen; Ouaglal, Boubekeur; Bartholomew, Emily; Marnay, Chris; Bourassa, Norman

2002-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, domestic resources. Stationary Power (including CHP & backup power) Auxiliary & Portable Power) Benefits · Efficiencies can be 60% (electrical) and 85% (with CHP) · > 90% reduction in criteria pollutants Commercial CHP $4.9M $3.4M Portable Power Backup Power $20.4M Residential and Small Commercial CHP $4.9M $3

315

Slide 1  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Sweetser EXERGY Partners Corp. April 23, 2008 A Case for CHP Commissioning Combined Heat and Power (CHP) for Commercial Buildings: Best Practices and Pitfalls SLIDE 2...

316

ITP Industrial Distributed Energy: 2006-2007 Combined Heat &...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

& Power Action Plan Positioning CHP Value: Solutions for National, Regional and Local Energy Issues Prepared for the 7 th Annual CHP Roadmap Workshop Seattle, WA September 2006...

317

ENERGY EFFICIENCY OPPORTUNITIES IN THE U.S. PULP AND PAPER INDUSTRY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CHP) units, one steam turbine, and a steam accumulator. Theand power (CHP) Steam expansion turbines Motor Systems MotorPinch analysis Steam injected gas turbines Cogeneration of

Kramer, Klaas Jan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Power Plant Power Plant  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Basin Center for Geothermal Energy at University of Nevada, Reno (UNR) 2 Nevada Geodetic LaboratoryStillwater Power Plant Wabuska Power Plant Casa Diablo Power Plant Glass Mountain Geothermal Area Lassen Geothermal Area Coso Hot Springs Power Plants Lake City Geothermal Area Thermo Geothermal Area

Tingley, Joseph V.

319

Greenhouse Gas Abatement with Distributed Generation in California's Commercial Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and may also be charged by CHP systems during off-peak andDarrow, K et al. (2009), “CHP Market Assessment”, Integratedwith combined heat and power (CHP) may be implemented within

Stadler, Michael

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Modeling Electric Vehicle Benefits Connected to Smart Grids  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and combined heat and power (CHP) systems with and withouta renewable energy source or CHP system at the building canfuel cell systems with CHP. Due to the heat requirement and

Stadler, Michael

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "merchant chp power" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Power Factor Reactive Power  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

power: 130 watts Induction motor PSERC Incandescent lights 0 0.002 0.004 0.006 0.008 0.01 0.012 0.014 0 power: 150 watts #12;Page 4 PSERC Incandescent Lights PSERC Induction motor with no load #12;Page 5 Incandescent Lights #12;Page 7 PSERC Incandescent lights power: Power = 118 V x 1.3 A = 153 W = 0.15 kW = power

322

Effects of a shortened depreciation schedule on the investment costs for combined heat and power  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We investigate and compare several generic depreciation methods to assess the effectiveness of possible policy measures with respect to the depreciation schedules for investments in combined heat and power plants in the United States. We assess the different depreciation methods for CHP projects of various sizes (ranging from 1 MW to 100 MW). We evaluate the impact of different depreciation schedules on the tax shield, and the resulting tax savings to potential investors. We show that a shorter depreciation cycle could have a substantial impact on the cost of producing power, making cogeneration more attractive. The savings amount to approximately 6-7 percent of capital and fixed operation and maintenance costs, when changing from the current system to a 7 year depreciation scheme with switchover from declining balance to straight line depreciation. Suggestions for further research to improve the analysis are given.

Kranz, Nicole; Worrell, Ernst

2001-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

323

A Total Cost of Ownership Model for Low Temperature PEM Fuel Cells in Combined Heat and Power and Backup Power Applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A total cost of ownership model is described for low temperature proton exchange membrane stationary fuel cell systems for combined heat and power (CHP) applications from 1-250kW and backup power applications from 1-50kW. System designs and functional specifications for these two applications were developed across the range of system power levels. Bottom-up cost estimates were made for balance of plant costs, and detailed direct cost estimates for key fuel cell stack components were derived using design-for-manufacturing-and-assembly techniques. The development of high throughput, automated processes achieving high yield are projected to reduce the cost for fuel cell stacks to the $300/kW level at an annual production volume of 100 MW. Several promising combinations of building types and geographical location in the U.S. were identified for installation of fuel cell CHP systems based on the LBNL modelling tool DER CAM. Life-cycle modelling and externality assessment were done for hotels and hospitals. Reduced electricity demand charges, heating credits and carbon credits can reduce the effective cost of electricity ($/kWhe) by 26-44percent in locations such as Minneapolis, where high carbon intensity electricity from the grid is displaces by a fuel cell system operating on reformate fuel. This project extends the scope of existing cost studies to include externalities and ancillary financial benefits and thus provides a more comprehensive picture of fuel cell system benefits, consistent with a policy and incentive environment that increasingly values these ancillary benefits. The project provides a critical, new modelling capacity and should aid a broad range of policy makers in assessing the integrated costs and benefits of fuel cell systems versus other distributed generation technologies.

University of California, Berkeley; Wei, Max; Lipman, Timothy; Mayyas, Ahmad; Chien, Joshua; Chan, Shuk Han; Gosselin, David; Breunig, Hanna; Stadler, Michael; McKone, Thomas; Beattie, Paul; Chong, Patricia; Colella, Whitney; James, Brian

2014-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

324

Technical Analysis of Installed Micro-Combined Heat and Power Fuel-Cell System  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Combined heat and power fuel cell systems (CHP-FCSs) provide consistent electrical power and hot water with greater efficiency and lower emissions than alternative sources. These systems can be used either as baseload, grid-connected, or as off-the-grid power sources. This report presents a technical analysis of 5 kWe CHP-FCSs installed in different locations in the U.S. At some sites as many as five 5 kWe system is used to provide up to 25kWe of power. Systems in this power range are considered “micro”-CHP-FCS. To better assess performance of micro-CHP-FCS and understand their benefits, the U.S. Department of Energy worked with ClearEdge Power to install fifteen 5-kWe PBI high temperature PEM fuel cells (CE5 models) in the commercial markets of California and Oregon. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory evaluated these systems in terms of their economics, operations, and technical performance. These units were monitored from September 2011 until June 2013. During this time, about 190,000 hours of data were collected and more than 17 billion data points were analyzed. Beginning in July 2013, ten of these systems were gradually replaced with ungraded systems (M5 models) containing phosphoric acid fuel cell technology. The new units were monitored until June 2014 until they went offline because ClearEdge was bought by Doosan at the time and the new manufacturer did not continue to support data collection and maintenance of these units. During these two phases, data was collected at once per second and data analysis techniques were applied to understand behavior of these systems. The results of this analysis indicate that systems installed in the second phase of this demonstration performed much better in terms of availability, consistency in generation, and reliability. The average net electrical power output increased from 4.1 to 4.9 kWe, net heat recovery from 4.7 to 5.4 kWth, and system availability improved from 94% to 95%. The average net system electric efficiency, average net heat recovery efficiency, and overall net efficiency of the system increased respectively from 33% to 36%, from 38% to 41%, and from 71% to 76%. The temperature of water sent to sit however reduced by about 16% from 51?C to 43 ?C. This was a control strategy and the temperature can be controlled depending on building heat demands. More importantly, the number of shutdowns and maintenance events required to keep the systems running at the manufacturer’s rated performance specifications were substantially reduced by about 76% (for 8 to 10 units running over a one-year period). From July 2012 to June 2013, there were eight CE5 units in operation and a total of 134 scheduled and unscheduled shutdowns took place. From July 2013 to June 2014, between two to ten units were in operation and only 32 shutdowns were reported (all unscheduled). In summary, the number of shutdowns reduced from 10 shutdowns per month on average for eight CE5units to an average of 2.7 shutdowns per month for M5 units (between two to ten units).

Brooks, Kriston P.; Makhmalbaf, Atefe

2014-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

325

State and Power after Neoliberalism in Bolivarian Venezuela  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of coup attempts (in 2002), lockout strikes (2002-2003),by Chávez after the 2003 lockout, merchants in the importwho supported the 2003 bosses’ lockout of the industry, a

Kingsbury, Donald V.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

A Framework for the Evaluation of the Cost and Benefits of Microgrids  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

tax on microgrid combined heat and power adoption," Journalas well as power (Combined Heat and Power–CHP) [4]. It hasand by providing Combined Heat and Power (CHP) [9],[16].

Morris, Greg Young

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

E-Print Network 3.0 - analysis power plant Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of the plant... - obtains a higher CO2 reduction than a natural gas- fired micro CHP ... Source: Ris National Laboratory Collection: Multidisciplinary Databases and...

328

NiSource Energy Technologies: Optimizing Combined Heat and Power Systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Summarizes NiSource Energy Technologies' work under contract to DOE's Distribution and Interconnection R&D. Includes studying distributed generation interconnection issues and CHP system performance.

Not Available

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

NiSource Energy Technologies Inc.: System Integration of Distributed Power for Complete Building Systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Summarizes NiSource Energy Technologies' work under contract to DOE's Distribution and Interconnection R&D. Includes studying distributed generation interconnection issues and CHP system performance.

Not Available

2003-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

The added economic and environmental value of plug-in electric vehicles connected to commercial building microgrids  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with or without combined heat and power). Also, mobilestorage, and combined heat and power (CHP) systems with and

Stadler, Michael

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Application of the Software as a Service Model to the Control of Complex Building Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Modeling with Combined Heat and Power Applications”,DG) equipment, combined heat and power (CHP), and electrical

Stadler, Michael

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Distributed Energy Resources On-Site Optimization for Commercial Buildings with Electric and Thermal Storage Technologies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Modeling with Combined Heat and Power Applications”,emissions credits) of combined heat and power (CHP), and 2)

Stadler, Michael

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Distributed Generation with Heat Recovery and Storage  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy; Grid systems; Optimization; Heat flow; Financialof grid power and by utilizing combined heat and power (CHP)

Siddiqui, Afzal S.; Marnay, Chris; Firestone, Ryan M.; Zhou, Nan

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

A Ranking of State Combined Heat and Power Policies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

systems, and CHP is explicitly listed as an integral part of the state?s renewable portfolio standard. ESL-IE-09-05-14 Proceedings of the Thirty-First Industrial Energy Technology Conference, New Orleans, LA, May 12-15, 2009 CONCLUSION In the past... for their leadership generally in supporting energy efficiency (Eldridge et al. 2008), and for supporting CHP technologies as a way to increase overall energy efficiency. Typically, these states have strong advocacy efforts directed at CHP, or at least have strong...

Chittum, A.; Kaufman, N.

335

CHP Integrated with Packaged Boilers  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Carlo Castaldini, President, CMCE, Inc. carlo@cmc-engineering.com 408-314-0382 U.S. DOE Industrial Distributed Energy Portfolio Review Meeting Washington, D.C. June 1-2, 2011 ALTEX...

336

PSMSUMRY.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

Note 4. Frames Maintenance In January 1981 and 1983, numerous respondents were added to bulk terminal and pipeline surveys affecting subsequent stocks reported and stock change...

337

APPENDXD.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

Report The Form EIA-819, "Monthly Oxygenate Report" provides production data for fuel ethanol and methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE). End-of-month stock data held at ethanol...

338

HEATRESV.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

such as the ones experienced in December 1996 and January-February 2000. Maximum inventory of heating oil in the reserve will be two million barrels. The Department of Energy...

339

APPEND.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelinesProved Reserves (Billion CubicCubic Feet) Base Gas) (MillionOperators106 Energy

340

APPENDXD.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelinesProved Reserves (Billion CubicCubic Feet) Base Gas) (MillionOperators106EIA-819

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "merchant chp power" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

PSMDEFS.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

such production for a given period is measured as volumes delivered from lease storage tanks (i.e., the point of custody transfer) to pipelines, trucks, or other media for...

342

PSADEFS.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

such production for a given period is measured as volumes delivered from lease storage tanks (i.e., the point of custody transfer) to pipelines, trucks, or other media for...

343

CHP NOTEBOOK Table of Contents  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-Specific Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) Section 8 Employee Training Section 9 Inspections and Exposure Contact Information Section 3 Emergency Procedures Section 4 Lab and Building-Specific Evacuation Monitoring Records Section 10 Housekeeping and Maintenance Inspections Section 11 Incidents, Injuries

Braun, Paul

344

Waste to Energy: Biogas CHP  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Southside Wastewater Treatment Plant Biogas Cogeneration Project November 9, 2011 2011 Clean Air Through Energy Efficiency Conference ?Turning Waste Into Energy? What to Expect ? ? Southside Overview ? Wastewater Treatment Process... gallons per day ? Processes and disposes over 150 tons of solids/day from both of the City?s wastewater treatment plants What is Biogas? ? Biogas is the methane (CH4) produced as a by-product of the anaerobic digestion process at the Southside...

Wagner, R.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

2008 EPA CHP Partnership Update  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-Up from theDepartment( Sample of ShipmentSimulation, Analysis |Summaryof Energy

346

HEATRESV.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelines About U.S.30Natural Gas Glossary529 6330 0 1 0 058.588,219 719,435 2012-2013Northeast

347

PSADEFS.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelines About U.S.30Natural Gas,095,3628,527 9,029 8,794CubicExports of Crude

348

PSMDEFS.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelines About U.S.30Natural Gas,095,3628,527 9,029 8,794CubicExports of CrudeDegrees API = -

349

PSMFRONT.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelines About U.S.30Natural Gas,095,3628,527 9,029 8,794CubicExports of CrudeDegrees API = -

350

PSMNOTES.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelines About U.S.30Natural Gas,095,3628,527 9,029 8,794CubicExports of CrudeDegrees API = -*

351

PSMSUMRY.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelines About U.S.30Natural Gas,095,3628,527 9,029 8,794CubicExports of CrudeDegrees API =

352

CHP Enabling Resilient Energy Infrastructure  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-Up fromDepartmentTie Ltd:June 2015 <Ones | DepartmentCEEComponentsExponent, Welcome to

353

PSMNOTES.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

Beginning and end-of-month stocks, receipts, inputs, production, ship- ments, and plant fuel use and losses during the month are collected from operators of natural gas processing...

354

CEC-500-2010-FS-014 New Engine Technology for  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

technology for CHP (Image credit: Tecogen, Inc.) The Issue Small-scale combined heat and power (CHP) systems difficulty meeting the California's 2007 CHP emission standards. These inefficient engines also cause under-effective CHP systems 75 kilowatt (kW) are needed to address significant market populations that have limited

355

Clean Power & Industrial Efficiency | (919) 515-0354 | www.ncsc.ncsu.edu North Carolina State University, Campus Box 7401, Raleigh, NC 27695 | 1 919-515-3480 | www.ncsc.ncsu.edu 01/2013  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-specific technology. Even with price volatility in natural gas markets in recent years, natural gas is still the predominant fuel for CHP systems. While fossil fuels such as coal and oil will continue to be utilized into the air. History of CHP Decentralized CHP systems located at industrial sites and urban centers were

356

Creating Markets for Green Biofuels: Measuring and improving environmental performance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Plants from the Use of Combined Heat and Power (CHP), U.S.Protection Agency Combined Heat and Power Partnership.the Use of Combined Heat and Power (CHP), U.S. Environmental

Turner, Brian T.; Plevin, Richard J.; O'Hare, Michael; Farrell, Alexander E.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Control of Greenhouse Gas Emissions by Optimal DER Technology Investment and Energy Management in Zero-Net-Energy Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Carbon Tax on Combined Heat and Power Adoption by ain energy-efficient combined heat and power (CHP) equipment,generation with combined heat and power (CHP) applications

Stadler, Michael

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Improving the Carbon Dioxide Emission Estimates from the Combustion of Fossil Fuels in California  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Emissions Monitoring Combined Heat and Power Carbon Dioxide18.7 to 36.8 *Combined Heat and Power (CHP) ** Uncertaintiesin electric and Combined Heat and Power (CHP) plants, diesel

de la Rue du Can, Stephane

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

STATE OF CALIFORNIA NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY EDMUND G. BROWN JR., Governor NOTICE OF PROPOSED AWARDS (NOPA)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

/Combined Cooling, Heat and Power (DG/CHP/CCHP) Systems Grant Solicitation PON-11-507 March 22, 2012 On January 6 Generation/Combined Heat and Power/Combined Cooling, Heat and Power (DG/CHP/CCHP)." The purpose generation/combined heat and power/combined cooling, heating and power (DG/CHP/CCHP); and (2) integrate

360

STATE OF CALIFORNIA NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY EDMUND G. BROWN JR., Governor REVISED NOTICE OF PROPOSED AWARDS (NOPA)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

/Combined Cooling, Heat and Power (DG/CHP/CCHP) Systems Grant Solicitation PON-11-507 April 6, 2012 On January 6 Generation/Combined Heat and Power/Combined Cooling, Heat and Power (DG/CHP/CCHP)." The purpose generation/combined heat and power/combined cooling, heating and power (DG/CHP/CCHP); and (2) integrate

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "merchant chp power" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Opportunities for Combined Heat and Power at Wastewater Treatment...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

option for WWTFs that have, or are planning to install, anaerobic digesters. The biogas flow from the digester can be used as fuel to generate electricity and heat in a CHP...

362

An engineering-economic analysis of combined heat and power technologies in a (mu)grid application  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

draft, 2001. Danish Energy Agency (1998). Combined Heat andpolicies and measures, Danish Energy Agency. Hirschenhofer,demand in 1996 (Danish Energy Agency 1998). Reliance on CHP

Bailey, Owen; Ouaglal, Boubekeur; Bartholomew, Emily; Marnay, Chris; Bourassa, Norman

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Power supply  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A modular, low weight impedance dropping power supply with battery backup is disclosed that can be connected to a high voltage AC source and provide electrical power at a lower voltage. The design can be scaled over a wide range of input voltages and over a wide range of output voltages and delivered power.

Yakymyshyn, Christopher Paul (Seminole, FL); Hamilton, Pamela Jane (Seminole, FL); Brubaker, Michael Allen (Loveland, CO)

2007-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

364

measurement Estimation of Merchantable Bole Volume and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, and Jeffery A. Turner Emerging markets for small-diameter roundwood along with a renewed interest in forest for timber species in the FIA program. Keywords: bioenergy, small-diameter roundwood, sawtimber, utilization

365

Updated: May 25, 2011 CREDIT CARD MERCHANT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

...............................................................................................1 Third-Party Vendors vendors in the following section. Compliance with this manual is required by UCF policy 3-206.3, "Credit and other systems. THIRD-PARTY VENDORS Third-party vendors are classified into two categories

Glebov, Leon

366

Energy Merchant Marketing EMM | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision has beenFfe2fb55-352f-473b-a2dd-50ae8b27f0a6 No revisionWind,SoilsfilesystemEvents UKSPARQLInc EMIEMM

367

Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Program Overview  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

such as residential CHP systems, auxiliary power units, fleets and buses · Long-term markets including mainstream

368

Lessons Learned from Microgrid Demonstrations Worldwide  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CCHP .energy functions: CHP and CCHP Demands for electricity,and power, technologies (CCHP), deployed successfully by the

Marnay, Chris

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

International Microgrid Assessment: Governance,INcentives, and Experience (IMAGINE)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

functions, such as CHP and CCHP: Demands for electricity,and power, technologies (CCHP), deployed successfully by the

Romankiewicz, John

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Power LCAT  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

POWER LCAT is a software tool used to compare elements of efficiency, cost, and environmental effects between different sources of energy.

Drennen, Thomas

2014-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

371

Power LCAT  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

POWER LCAT is a software tool used to compare elements of efficiency, cost, and environmental effects between different sources of energy.

Drennen, Thomas

2012-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

372

An early conceptual design and feasibility analysis of a nuclear-powered cargo vessel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Economic globalization has resulted in the tremendous growth of worldwide trade. Much of this trade is carried out via the various waterways of the world. The bulk of these trade goods are transported by merchant ships ...

Beaver, John L. (John Lewis)

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Combined-cycle gas and steam turbine power plants. 2. edition  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

First published in 1991, this book is the leading reference on technical and economic factors of combined-cycle applications now leading the trend toward merchant plants and the peaking power needed in newly deregulated markets around the world, this long-awaited second edition is more important than ever. In it, Kehlhofer -- an internationally recognized authority in the field of new combined-cycle power plants -- and his co-authors widen the scope and detail found in the first edition. Included are tips on system layout, details on controls and automation, and operating instructions. Loaded with case studies, reference tables, and more than 150 figures, this text offers solid advice on system layout, controls and automation, and operating and maintenance instructions. The author provides real-world examples to apply to one`s own applications. The contents include: Introduction; The electricity market; Thermodynamic principles of combined-cycle plants; Combined-cycle concepts; Applications of combined-cycle; Components; Control and automation; Operating and part load behavior; Environmental considerations; Developmental trends; Typical combined-cycle plants already built; Conclusion; Appendices; Conversions; Calculation of the operating performance of combined-cycle installations; Definitions of terms and symbols; Bibliography; and Index.

Kehlhofer, R.; Bachmann, R.; Nielson, H.; Warner, J.

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Spatial Disaggregation of CO2 Emissions for the State of California  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by power and combined heat and power generation plants isEnergy Commission Combined Heat and Power Carbon Dioxideused by electric and combined heat and power (CHP) plants,

de la Rue du Can, Stephane

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Effect of Heat and Electricity Storage and Reliability on Microgrid Viability: A Study of Commercial Buildings in California and New York States  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Modeling with Combined Heat and Power Applications”,End-Use Survey combined heat and power Consolidated Edisonengine genset with combined heat and power (CHP) and power

Stadler, Michael

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Power Recovery  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.POWER RECOVERY Fletcher Mlirray Monsanto Chemical Company AB5'-:::0 p.p., will ??vi.w 'h. '.ohnnln,y nf 'h.::v,n. T:X:~~T ~ methods for estimating the power recovery potential from fluid streams. The ideal gas law formula for expanding gases.... Gas Law Estimation Power recovery estimates from a vapor stream can be made using the formula: which is derived from the Ideal Gas Law. At first glance the. formula seems imposing and perhaps difficult to occasionally use. If however; the formula...

Murray, F.

377

Power combiner  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A power combiner for the combining of symmetric and asymmetric traveling wave energy comprises a feed waveguide having an input port and a launching port, a reflector for reflecting launched wave energy, and a final waveguide for the collection and transport of launched wave energy. The power combiner has a launching port for symmetrical waves which comprises a cylindrical section coaxial to the feed waveguide, and a launching port for asymmetric waves which comprises a sawtooth rotated about a central axis.

Arnold, Mobius; Ives, Robert Lawrence

2006-09-05T23:59:59.000Z

378

Beacon Power Corporation NREL Industry Growth Forum  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with General Electric · Awarded "Engineer of the Year" @ GE · B.S. and M.S. degrees in M.E. from MIT · 65;7 From Flywheel to 20 MW Plant 7 #12;88 Base Business Model · Build, own/co-own and operate merchant (outright or co-investment) · Sell regulation systems outside the U.S. with strategic partners · Sell other

379

Cleco Power- Power Miser New Home Program  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Louisiana's Cleco Power offers energy efficiency incentives to eligible customers. Cleco Power offers a rate discount for residential customers building homes that meet the Power Miser Program...

380

1 | Fuel Cell Technologies Program Source: US DOE 12/5/2012 eere.energy.gov U.S. Department of Energy Fuel Cell Activities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

); · Nearly 30,000 residential fuel cells deployed (40,000 by April 2013) · Plans for 2 million FCEVs and 1000,000,000] Primary Power Systems --Including CHP [9,000] Auxiliary Power Units for Transportation [20,000] Transit 2010 Outlook, 2MicroCHP, 3Large scale CHP, 4Industry estimate based on refrigerated truck and trailer

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "merchant chp power" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Power inverters  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Power inverters include a frame and a power module. The frame has a sidewall including an opening and defining a fluid passageway. The power module is coupled to the frame over the opening and includes a substrate, die, and an encasement. The substrate includes a first side, a second side, a center, an outer periphery, and an outer edge, and the first side of the substrate comprises a first outer layer including a metal material. The die are positioned in the substrate center and are coupled to the substrate first side. The encasement is molded over the outer periphery on the substrate first side, the substrate second side, and the substrate outer edge and around the die. The encasement, coupled to the substrate, forms a seal with the metal material. The second side of the substrate is positioned to directly contact a fluid flowing through the fluid passageway.

Miller, David H. (Redondo Beach, CA); Korich, Mark D. (Chino Hills, CA); Smith, Gregory S. (Woodland Hills, CA)

2011-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

382

Power Projects  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the1 - September 2006PhotovoltaicSeptember 22,ReactorAbout Power > FinancialPower

383

DOE Fuel Cell Pre-Solicitation Workshop - Breakout Group 4: Low...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Heat and Power (CCHP), Combined Hydrogen Heat and Power (CHHP), Combined Heat and Power (CHP). * Operating and Maintenance costs are high and not predictable * There needs to be...

384

Investment and Upgrade in Distributed Generation under Uncertainty  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

tax on microgrid combined heat and power adoption. JournalDG) and combined heat and power (CHP) applications via heatUncertainty Keywords: Combined heat and power applications,

Siddiqui, Afzal

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Optimal Technology Investment and Operation in Zero-Net-Energy Buildings with Demand Response  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Carbon Tax on Combined Heat and Power Adoption by ain energy-efficient combined heat and power equipment, whilegeneration with combined heat and power (CHP) applications

Stadler, Michael

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Integrated Building Energy Systems Design Considering Storage Technologies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Modeling with Combined Heat and Power Applications”,Keywords Combined heat and power, CO 2 emissions, demandemissions credits) of combined heat and power (CHP), and 2)

Stadler, Michael

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Energy Efficiency Improvement and Cost Saving Opportunities for the Dairy Processing Industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

facility HVAC and combined heat and power (CHP), alsoand implementation of combined heat and power or processGeneration (Chapter 12) Combined heat and power Photovoltaic

Brush, Adrian

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Optimal Planning and Operation of Smart Grids with Electric Vehicle Interconnection  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

storage [GWh] combined heat and power (CHP) and otheron Microgrid Combined Heat and Power Adoption,” Journal ofcarbon emissions, combined heat and power, commercial

Stadler, Michael

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

National Energy Efficiency Evaluation, Measurement and Verification (EM&V) Standard: Scoping Study of Issues and Implementation Requirements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

improvements, combined heat and power (CHP) systems andenergy) and combined heat and power (and fuel cells); thus aefficiency, nuclear, combined heat and power) to be used to

Schiller, Steven R.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Microgrids in the Evolving Electricity Generation and Delivery Infrastructure  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1. application of combined heat and power (CHP) technology,of microgrids, combined heat and power, heterogeneous PQR,reciprocating engines, combined heat and power technologies,

Marnay, Chris; Venkataramanan, Giri

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Energy Efficiency Improvement and Cost Saving Opportunities for the Fruit and Vegetable Processing Industry. An ENERGY STAR Guide for Energy and Plant Managers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

applications makes combined heat and power (CHP) systemsintegration and combined heat and power systems, whereTri-generation Combined heat and power Photovoltaic panels

Masanet, Eric

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Optimal Control of Distributed Energy Resources and Demand Response under Uncertainty  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

generation with combined heat and power applications. Givengeneration (DG), combined heat and power (CHP) equipment,S-E Fleten (2008), “Combined Heat and Power in Commercial

Siddiqui, Afzal

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Modeling Electric Vehicle Benefits Connected to Smart Grids  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on Microgrid Combined Heat and Power Adoption”, Journal ofstorage, and combined heat and power (CHP) systems with andheat exchanger (using combined heat and power capabilities),

Stadler, Michael

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Distributed Generation Investment by a Microgrid Under Uncertainty  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DG) and combined heat and power (CHP) applications matchedpower generation with combined heat and power applications,tax on microgrid combined heat and power adoption, Journal

Siddiqui, Afzal; Marnay, Chris

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Distributed Energy Resources for Carbon Emissions Mitigation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

carbon tax, combined heat and power, distributed energyuseful heat in combined heat and power systems, thermally-fossil-fuel based combined heat and power (CHP), thermally-

Firestone, Ryan; Marnay, Chris

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Power Factor Compensation (PFC) Power Factor Compensation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Power Factor Compensation (PFC) Power Factor Compensation The power factor (PF) is defined as the ratio between the active power and the apparent power of a system. If the current and voltage are periodic with period , and [ ), then the active power is defined by ( ) ( ) (their inner product

Knobloch,JĂĽrgen

397

Star Power  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy's Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory has released ''Star Power,'' a new informational video that uses dramatic and beautiful images and thought-provoking interviews to highlight the importance of the Laboratory's research into magnetic fusion.

None

2014-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

398

Star Power  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy's Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory has released ''Star Power,'' a new informational video that uses dramatic and beautiful images and thought-provoking interviews to highlight the importance of the Laboratory's research into magnetic fusion.

None

2014-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

399

A Better Steam Engine: Designing a Distributed Concentrating Solar Combined Heat and Power System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and decreased cost of heat and electricity grid (Casten andgrid. Chapter 1 begins with analysis of the relative demand for electricity and heatheat can be cost-effectively stored with available technologies. (c) DCS-CHP thus can ameliorate grid-

Norwood, Zachary Mills

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Power superconducting power transmission cable  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The present invention is for a compact superconducting power transmission cable operating at distribution level voltages. The superconducting cable is a conductor with a number of tapes assembled into a subconductor. These conductors are then mounted co-planarly in an elongated dielectric to produce a 3-phase cable. The arrangement increases the magnetic field parallel to the tapes thereby reducing ac losses.

Ashworth, Stephen P. (Cambridge, GB)

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "merchant chp power" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Power Right. Power Smart. Efficient Computer Power Supplies and...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AC power that you get from your electric company into the DC power consumed by most electronics, including your computer. We expect our power supplies to be safe, reliable, and...

402

Silicon Valley Power and Oklahoma Municipal Power Authority Win...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Silicon Valley Power and Oklahoma Municipal Power Authority Win 2014 Public Power Wind Awards Silicon Valley Power and Oklahoma Municipal Power Authority Win 2014 Public Power Wind...

403

110 kW Stationary Combined Heat and Power Systems Status and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the status of 1­10 kW CHP stationary fuel cell systems and to comment on the achievability of cost Published for the U.S. Department of Energy Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program NREL/BK-6A10-48265 November 2010 technologies that are being developed to address the market needs of 1­10 kW CHP stationary systems: low

404

Selection and Specification of Combined Heat and Power System for a Carbon Black Manufacturer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

operating costs, which in the long run can contribute to their growth and to the ultimate goal of remaining competitive in the business world. REFERENCES [1] Kozman, T.. Introductory Presentation for Report LL024X. Franklin, LA. Apr 2006. Industrial... online at http://www1.eere.energy.gov/industry/bestprac tices/pdfs/guide_chp_boiler.pdf (accessed 2006). [3] Midwest CHP Application Center, http://www.chpcentermw.org/home.html, (accessed 2006). [4] Distributed Energy Program: Grid Interconnection...

Kozman, T. A.; DaCosta, J.; Lee, J.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Collaborative National Program for the Development and Performance Testing of Distributed Power Technologies with Emphasis on Combined Heat and Power Applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A current barrier to public acceptance of distributed generation (DG) and combined heat and power (CHP) technologies is the lack of credible and uniform information regarding system performance. Under a cooperative agreement, the Association of State Energy Research and Technology Transfer Institutions (ASERTTI) and the U.S. Department of Energy have developed four performance testing protocols to provide a uniform basis for comparison of systems. The protocols are for laboratory testing, field testing, long-term monitoring and case studies. They have been reviewed by a Stakeholder Advisory Committee made up of industry, public interest, end-user, and research community representatives. The types of systems covered include small turbines, reciprocating engines (including Stirling Cycle), and microturbines. The protocols are available for public use and the resulting data is publicly available in an online national database and two linked databases with further data from New York State. The protocols are interim pending comments and other feedback from users. Final protocols will be available in 2007. The interim protocols and the national database of operating systems can be accessed at www.dgdata.org. The project has entered Phase 2 in which protocols for fuel cell applications will be developed and the national and New York databases will continue to be maintained and populated.

Soinski, Arthur; Hanson, Mark

2006-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

406

Wind power and Wind power and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Wind power and the CDM #12; Wind power and the CDM Emerging practices in developing wind power 2005 Jyoti P. Painuly, Niels-Erik Clausen, Jørgen Fenhann, Sami Kamel and Romeo Pacudan #12; WIND POWER AND THE CDM Emerging practices in developing wind power projects for the Clean Development Mechanism Energy

407

Anaerobic Digestion and Combined Heat and Power Study  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

One of the underlying objectives of this study is to recover the untapped energy in wastewater biomass. Some national statistics worth considering include: (1) 5% of the electrical energy demand in the US is used to treat municipal wastewater; (2) This carbon rich wastewater is an untapped energy resource; (3) Only 10% of wastewater treatment plants (>5mgd) recover energy; (4) Wastewater treatment plants have the potential to produce > 575 MW of energy nationwide; and (5) Wastewater treatment plants have the potential to capture an additional 175 MW of energy from waste Fats, Oils and Grease. The WSSC conducted this study to determine the feasibility of utilizing anaerobic digestion and combined heat and power (AD/CHP) and/or biosolids gasification and drying facilities to produce and utilize renewable digester biogas. Digester gas is considered a renewable energy source and can be used in place of fossil fuels to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. The project focus includes: (1) Converting wastewater Biomass to Electricity; (2) Using innovative technologies to Maximize Energy Recovery; and (3) Enhancing the Environment by reducing nutrient load to waterways (Chesapeake Bay), Sanitary Sewer Overflows (by reducing FOG in sewers) and Greenhouse Gas Emissions. The study consisted of these four tasks: (1) Technology screening and alternative shortlisting, answering the question 'what are the most viable and cost effective technical approaches by which to recover and reuse energy from biosolids while reducing disposal volume?'; (2) Energy recovery and disposal reduction potential verification, answering the question 'how much energy can be recovered from biosolids?'; (3) Economic environmental and community benefit analysis, answering the question 'what are the potential economic, environmental and community benefits/impacts of each approach?'; and (4) Recommend the best plan and develop a concept design.

Frank J. Hartz; Rob Taylor; Grant Davies

2011-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

408

Wind Power  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear SecurityTensile Strain Switched FerromagnetismWaste and MaterialsWenjun DengWISPWind Industry Soars to New1Wind Power

409

FUTURE POWER GRID INITIATIVE Future Power Grid  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FUTURE POWER GRID INITIATIVE Future Power Grid Control Paradigm OBJECTIVE This project integration & exploit the potential of distributed smart grid assets » Significantly reduce the risk of advanced mathematical models, next- generation simulation and analytics capabilities for the power grid

410

Southwestern Power Administration  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Courses Instructors NERC Continuing Education Power Operations Training Center You'll find the "Power" of learning at Southwestern's Power Operations Training Center (POTC). POTC's...

411

ELECTROCHEMICAL POWER FOR TRANSPORTATION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Battery-Electric Powered Special Purpose Vehicles, SAELead-Acid Powered Electric Vehicles, Fifth Internationalmeantime, battery-powered electric vehicles can be expected

Cairns, Elton J.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Solar powered desalination system  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2008, uses concentrated solar power to split water. Figurethe main reason the potential for solar power is boundless.a clean energy source, solar power is inexhaustible, fairly

Mateo, Tiffany Alisa

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Power management system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method of managing power resources for an electrical system of a vehicle may include identifying enabled power sources from among a plurality of power sources in electrical communication with the electrical system and calculating a threshold power value for the enabled power sources. A total power load placed on the electrical system by one or more power consumers may be measured. If the total power load exceeds the threshold power value, then a determination may be made as to whether one or more additional power sources is available from among the plurality of power sources. At least one of the one or more additional power sources may be enabled, if available.

Algrain, Marcelo C. (Peoria, IL); Johnson, Kris W. (Washington, IL); Akasam, Sivaprasad (Peoria, IL); Hoff, Brian D. (East Peoria, IL)

2007-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

414

Industry Profile  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Combined heat and power (CHP)—sometimes referred to as cogeneration—involves the sequential process of producing and utilizing electricity and thermal energy from a single fuel. CHP is widely recognized to save energy and costs, while reducing carbon dioxide (CO2) and other pollutants. CHP is a realistic, near-term option for large energy efficiency improvements and significant CO2 reductions.

415

PLEASE SCROLL DOWN FOR ARTICLE This article was downloaded by: [University of Edinburgh  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, EH9 3JL, UK Micro combined-heat-and-power (micro-CHP) technology has://www.informaworld.com/smpp/title~content=t713447357 The hesitant emergence of low carbon technologies in the UK: the micro- CHP innovation system carbon technologies in the UK: the micro-CHP innovation system', Technology Analysis & Strategic

416

Power oscillator  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An oscillator includes an amplifier having an input and an output, and an impedance transformation network connected between the input of the amplifier and the output of the amplifier, wherein the impedance transformation network is configured to provide suitable positive feedback from the output of the amplifier to the input of the amplifier to initiate and sustain an oscillating condition, and wherein the impedance transformation network is configured to protect the input of the amplifier from a destructive feedback signal. One example of the oscillator is a single active element device capable of providing over 70 watts of power at over 70% efficiency. Various control circuits may be employed to match the driving frequency of the oscillator to a plurality of tuning states of the lamp.

Gitsevich, Aleksandr (Montgomery Village, MD)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Town of Hempstead: Project Energy, From Project Execution to...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Technical Support - General Motors, LIPA, US Merchant Marine Academy Contractors - Air Products, EmPower, Proton, PW Grosser, BAF Technologies, Hythane, Clean Vehicle...

418

Solar powered desalination system  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1.18: Largest PV Power Plants……………………………………………………32 TableTable 1.18: Largest PV Power Plants 19 Power (MW) LocationWorld Canada, Sarnia PV power plant Sarnia (Ontario) Italy,

Mateo, Tiffany Alisa

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

DOE Zero Energy Ready Home Second Production Builder Round Table  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

HVAC - HVAC with desiccant dehumidification powered by micro Combined Heat and Power (CHP) - Conditioning Energy Recovery Ventilator (CERV) - Conventional HVAC (some with...

420

State of Washington Clean Energy Opportunity: Technical Market...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

potential including clean heat and power (CHP)cogeneration, waste heat recovery for power and heat, and district energy. This brief white paper by the Northwest Clean Energy...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "merchant chp power" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

ITP Distributed Energy: State of Washington Clean Energy Opportunity...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

potential including clean heat and power (CHP)cogeneration, waste heat recovery for power and heat, and district energy. This brief white paper by the Northwest Clean Energy...

422

Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Residential and Small Commercial CHP $4.9M Specialty Vehicles $10.8M $2.4M $3.4M Portable Power Backup Power $20.4M Auxiliary Power Residential and Small Commercial CHP $4.9M Specialty Vehicles $10.8M $2.4M $3 CHP & backup power) Auxiliary & Portable Power Transportation Total Market Energy Use Potential Size

423

TABLE42.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Norway ... 4,258 0 360 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Russia ... 515 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 United Kingdom...

424

TABLES3.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

members of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) primarily from Caribbean and West European areas as petroleum products that were refined from crude oil...

425

TABLE45.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

derived from fields under the State waters of Alaska's Cook Inlet; (2) Alaskan North Slope crude oil; (3) certain domestically produced crude oil destined for Canada; (4)...

426

TABLE46.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

derived from fields under the State waters of Alaska's Cook Inlet; (2) Alaskan North Slope crude oil; (3) certain domestically produced crude oil destined for Canada; (4)...

427

TABLE27.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

Natural Gas Plant Net Production and Stocks of Petroleum Products by PAD and Refining Note: Refer to Appendix A for Refining District descriptions. Source: Energy Information...

428

TABLE15.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

5. Natural Gas Plant Net Production and Stocks of Petroleum Products by PAD and Refining PAD District I PAD District II Commodity East Appalachian Minn., Wis., Okla., Kans., Coast...

429

TABLE18.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

8. Refinery Stocks of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by PAD and Refining Districts, January 1998 Crude Oil ......

430

TABLE17.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

7. Refinery Net Production of Finished Petroleum Products by PAD and Refining Districts, January 1998 Liquefied Refinery Gases ... 576 -7...

431

TABLE19.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

9. Percent Refinery Yield of Petroleum Products by PAD and Refining Districts, a January 1998 Liquefied Refinery Gases ... 1.2 -0.3 1.1 3.4...

432

TABLE31.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Refinery, Bulk Terminal, and Natural Gas Plant Stocks of Selected Petroleum Products by PAD January 1998 PAD District I ... 39,875 16,226 269...

433

TABLE29.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

9. Refinery Net Production of Finished Petroleum Products by PAD and Refining Districts, July 2004 Liquefied Refinery Gases ... 2,082 70...

434

TABLE16.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

6. Refinery Input of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by PAD and Refining Districts, January 1998 Crude Oil ......

435

TABLE25A.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

Districts IV and V-Imports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by Country of Origin, a Gasoline Country of Origin Liquefied Blending Finished Crude Petroleum Unfinished Compo-...

436

TABLE31.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

unfinished oils. b Based on total finished motor gasoline output minus net input of motor gasoline blending components, minus input of natural gas plant liquids, other hydrocarbons...

437

TABLE20.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Imports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by PAD District, January 1998 Crude Oil a,b ... 53,357 48,515 139,013...

438

TABLE27.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

Exports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by PAD District, January 1998 Crude Oil a ... 0 1,168 0 0 5,978...

439

TABLE32.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Movements of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by Pipeline, Tanker, and Barge Between January 1998 Crude Oil ... 0 433 0 344 978...

440

TABLE50.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

37 34 34 Gabon ... 137 0 0 0 0 0 0 (s) (s) (s) 137 Germany, FR ... 0 (s) (s) 0 (s) (s) -3 (s) (s) -3 -3 Greece...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "merchant chp power" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

TABLE21.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

296 250 0 0 0 0 0 Gabon ... 8,597 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Germany, FR ... 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 440 0 0 Guatemala...

442

TABLE29.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

(s) 17 14 14 Gabon ... 277 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 277 Germany, FR ... 0 0 0 0 (s) 14 (s) (s) (s) 13 13 Greece...

443

TABLE49.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

29 23 23 Gabon ... 117 0 0 0 0 0 0 (s) 0 (s) 117 Germany, FR ... 0 (s) (s) 0 0 (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) Greece...

444

TABLE48.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

0 0 1 0 1 1,403 (s) French Pacific Islands ... 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Germany, FR ... 0 0 3 (s) 0 0 2 2 Ghana...

445

TABLE28.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

0 0 (s) 0 0 0 0 0 French Pacific Islands ... 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 Germany, FR ... 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 Ghana...

446

TABLE24.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

69 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Gabon ... 3,025 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Germany, FR ... 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 440 0 0 Guatemala...

447

TABLE14.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

4. Production of Crude Oil by PAD District and State, January 1998 PAD District and State Total Daily Average (Thousand Barrels) PAD District I ......

448

TABLE23.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Mexico ... 4,232 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Norway ... 1,124 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 United Kingdom...

449

TABLE37.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

0 61 28 251 99 0 26 Colombia ... 180 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Norway ... 1,036 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 United Kingdom...

450

TABLE47.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Fuel Residual Oil a Plus Gases Gasoline Jet Fuel Kerosene Oil Fuel Oil July 2004 Argentina ... 0 0 (s) 0 0 0 0 0 Australia...

451

TABLE26.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

Imports of Residual Fuel Oil by Sulfur Content and by PAD District and State of Entry, January 1998 PAD District I ......

452

TABLE33.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

processed; all other products are reported by the PAD District of entry. b Includes crude oil imported for storage in the Strategic Petroleum Reserve. c Includes ethyl tertiary...

453

TABLE34.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

processed; all other products are reported by the PAD District of entry. b Includes crude oil imported for storage in the Strategic Petroleum Reserve. c Includes ethyl tertiary...

454

TABLE52.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Selected Petroleum Products by PAD a Distillate stocks located in the "Northeast Heating Oil Reserve" are not included. For details see Appendix E. W Withheld to avoid...

455

TABLES5.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

are totals as of end of period. Distillate stocks located in the "Northeast Heating Oil Reserve" are not included. For details see Appendix E. b A negative number indicates a...

456

TABLE34.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Oils ... 36 0 0 36 227 0 0 0 Motor Gasoline Blending Components ... 0 32 0 0 0 0 381 0 Finished Motor...

457

TABLES4.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

S4. Finished Motor Gasoline Supply and Disposition, 1988 - Present (Thousand Barrels per Day, Except Where Noted) a Stocks are totals as of end of period. b Beginning in 1993,...

458

TABLE33.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

549 Liquefied Petroleum Gases ... 0 0 1,093 5,010 262 3,310 4,920 Motor Gasoline Blending Components ...... 0 0 1 0 0 0 1,310 Finished Motor Gasoline...

459

Solar and CHP Sales Tax Exemption (Florida)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Solar energy systems have been exempt from Florida's sales and use tax since July 1, 1997. The term "solar energy system" means the equipment and requisite hardware that provide and are used for...

460

TABLE56.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Petroleum Gases ... 8,443 4,791 3,652 0 4,993 -4,993 0 0 0 EthaneEthylene ... 5,103 497 4,606 0 2,659 -2,659 0 0 0 Propane...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "merchant chp power" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

TABLE02.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Refinery Report," EIA-811, "Monthly Bulk Terminal Report," EIA-812, "Monthly Product Pipeline Report," EIA-813, "Monthly Crude Oil Report," EIA-814, "Monthly Imports Report,"...

462

TABLE35.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Sources: Energy Information Administration (EIA) Forms EIA-812, "Monthly Product Pipeline Report," EIA-813, "Monthly Crude Oil Report," and EIA-817, "Monthly Tanker and...

463

TABLE41.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

0 0 0 0 0 Mexico ... 9,438 0 0 0 0 0 752 0 0 0 Netherlands ... 0 260 454 7,767 7,720 0 491 1,529 0 52 Netherlands...

464

TABLE43.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

Mexico ... 318,699 249 700 150 0 115 300 227 0 0 Netherlands ... 0 0 3,055 530 0 0 0 0 0 0 Netherlands Antilles...

465

TABLE44.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

0 0 0 Mexico ... 9,126 0 0 0 0 1,421 221 917 0 0 Netherlands ... 0 0 0 227 242 0 0 0 0 0 Netherlands Antilles...

466

TABLE36.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Mexico ... 2,186 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Netherlands ... 0 0 0 1,330 1,768 0 0 259 0 0 Netherlands Antilles...

467

TABLE35.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

0 0 0 0 0 Mexico ... 49,688 38 700 0 0 19 0 0 0 0 Netherlands ... 0 0 50 1,330 1,768 0 0 259 0 0 Netherlands Antilles...

468

TABLE40.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

... 339,696 249 700 150 0 1,536 1,273 1,144 0 0 Netherlands ... 0 260 3,509 8,524 7,962 0 491 1,529 0 52 Netherlands...

469

TABLE22.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

2,161 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Congo (Kinshasa) d ... 672 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Egypt ... 705 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 France...

470

table01.chp:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelines About U.S.30NaturalThousandExtensions473.6 W 54,849.062 210 50trilliond FormA.1.

471

table02.chp:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelines About U.S.30NaturalThousandExtensions473.6 W 54,849.062 210 50trilliond FormA.1.2. U.S.

472

table03.chp:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelines About U.S.30NaturalThousandExtensions473.6 W 54,849.062 210 50trilliond FormA.1.2.

473

table04.chp:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelines About U.S.30NaturalThousandExtensions473.6 W 54,849.062 210 50trilliond FormA.1.2.4. PAD

474

table05.chp:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelines About U.S.30NaturalThousandExtensions473.6 W 54,849.062 210 50trilliond FormA.1.2.4.

475

table06.chp:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelines About U.S.30NaturalThousandExtensions473.6 W 54,849.062 210 50trilliond FormA.1.2.4.7,308

476

table07.chp:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelines About U.S.30NaturalThousandExtensions473.6 W 54,849.062 210 50trilliond

477

table08.chp:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelines About U.S.30NaturalThousandExtensions473.6 W 54,849.062 210 50trilliond106,453 - 157,490

478

table09.chp:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelines About U.S.30NaturalThousandExtensions473.6 W 54,849.062 210 50trilliond106,453 -

479

table10.chp:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelines About U.S.30NaturalThousandExtensions473.6 W 54,849.062 210 50trilliond106,453 -2.2

480

TABLE01.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelinesProved ReservesFeet)per Thousand Cubic Feet) DecadeCubicfromCubic8. U.S. Petroleum

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "merchant chp power" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

TABLE02.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelinesProved ReservesFeet)per Thousand Cubic Feet) DecadeCubicfromCubic8. U.S.

482

TABLE03.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelinesProved ReservesFeet)per Thousand Cubic Feet) DecadeCubicfromCubic8.

483

TABLE04.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelinesProved ReservesFeet)per Thousand Cubic Feet) DecadeCubicfromCubic8.4. U.S. Daily

484

TABLE05.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelinesProved ReservesFeet)per Thousand Cubic Feet) DecadeCubicfromCubic8.4. U.S. Daily5.

485

TABLE06.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelinesProved ReservesFeet)per Thousand Cubic Feet) DecadeCubicfromCubic8.4. U.S.

486

TABLE07.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelinesProved ReservesFeet)per Thousand Cubic Feet) DecadeCubicfromCubic8.4. U.S.7. PAD

487

TABLE08.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelinesProved ReservesFeet)per Thousand Cubic Feet) DecadeCubicfromCubic8.4. U.S.7.

488

TABLE09.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelinesProved ReservesFeet)per Thousand Cubic Feet) DecadeCubicfromCubic8.4.

489

TABLE10.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelinesProved ReservesFeet)per Thousand Cubic Feet) DecadeCubicfromCubic8.4.July 2004

490

TABLE11.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelinesProved ReservesFeet)per Thousand Cubic Feet) DecadeCubicfromCubic8.4.July 20041.

491

TABLE11.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelinesProved ReservesFeet)per Thousand Cubic Feet) DecadeCubicfromCubic8.4.July

492

TABLE12.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelinesProved ReservesFeet)per Thousand Cubic Feet) DecadeCubicfromCubic8.4.July2. PAD

493

TABLE12.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelinesProved ReservesFeet)per Thousand Cubic Feet) DecadeCubicfromCubic8.4.July2.

494

TABLE13.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelinesProved ReservesFeet)per Thousand Cubic Feet) DecadeCubicfromCubic8.4.July2.3. PAD

495

TABLE13.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelinesProved ReservesFeet)per Thousand Cubic Feet) DecadeCubicfromCubic8.4.July2.3.

496

TABLE14.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelinesProved ReservesFeet)per Thousand Cubic Feet) DecadeCubicfromCubic8.4.July2.3.4.

497

TABLE14.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelinesProved ReservesFeet)per Thousand Cubic Feet)

498

TABLE15.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelinesProved ReservesFeet)per Thousand Cubic Feet)5. Natural Gas Plant Net Production

499

TABLE15.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelinesProved ReservesFeet)per Thousand Cubic Feet)5. Natural Gas Plant Net

500

TABLE16.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelinesProved ReservesFeet)per Thousand Cubic Feet)5. Natural Gas Plant Net6. Refinery