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1

Blue Star Memorial By-Way Dedication: Weldon Spring Interpretive Center |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Blue Star Memorial By-Way Dedication: Weldon Spring Interpretive Blue Star Memorial By-Way Dedication: Weldon Spring Interpretive Center Blue Star Memorial By-Way Dedication: Weldon Spring Interpretive Center July 12, 2013 - 1:04pm Addthis Since 2003, the Lewis and Clark Garden Club (LCGC) of St. Charles County, Missouri, has held their monthly meetings in the Weldon Spring Interpretive Center (WSIC). The LCGC has 22 active members and takes care of 2 garden beds at the WSIC Native Plant Educational Garden under the site's Adopt-A-Garden program. In 2010 the LCGC contacted the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), seeking approval to install a Blue Star Memorial By-Way Marker as a tribute to the nation's armed forces (see bottom of page for a history of the Blue Star Memorials). A 2,300-pound pink mica memorial marker was placed

2

Commercial Grade Dedication RM  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The objective of this Standard Review Plan (SRP) on Commercial Grade Dedication (CGD) is to provide guidance for a uniform review of the CGD activities for office of Environmental Management...

3

EDITORIAL HPJ SPECIAL ISSUE DEDICATION  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This issue is dedicated to the heroes and professionals who helped protect the world from nuclear disasters and to those who were displaced by these catastrophes.

Farfan, E.

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

DEDICATION  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

honor of his pioneering contributions to the superalloy and gas turbine engine ... Upon moving to the GE Gas Turbine Division in Schenectady,. N.Y., he...

5

EM Commerical Grade Dedication Class Slides  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Grade Dedication Grade Dedication www.em.doe.gov safety performance cleanup closure E M Environmental Management 1 DOE TRAINING DOE TRAINING Commercial Grade Commercial Grade Dedication Dedication Training Training MODULE 1 Overview of CGD Process www.em.doe.gov safety performance cleanup closure E M Environmental Management 2 Course Objectives  Define the terms "commercial grade item" and "commercial grade services" g  Understand the process for commercial grade dedication (CGD)  Describe the bases for implementing each element of the generic process and how they relate to NQA-1 requirements and Electric Power Research Institute requirements and Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) Guidelines  Describe each element of the process

6

Commercial Grade Dedication Guidance | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

CGD) for EM facilities and projects to dedicate an item or service that performs a nuclear safety function that was not manufactured, developed, or performed under a...

7

EM Commerical Grade Dedication Class Slides  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

PowerPoint presentation used in the EM sponsored commercial grade dedication (CGD) class. This class is designed to provide an understanding of the process for CGD.

8

Dedicated Resource | Y-12 National Security Complex  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Dedicated Resource Dedicated Resource Dedicated Resource The Y-12 Technology Applications Center is a dedicated resource that performs only testing and evaluation programs. Y-12 TAC neither manufactures nor markets security technologies. Its independent and unbiased position enables the Center to complete each testing project to the highest standards of professional conduct and ethics. Our independent testing and evaluation process ensures the following: Greater level of competence by concentrating on testing and evaluation as a discipline Adherence to operational testing and evaluation standards and protocols Greater consistency in process and results Complete focus on the design and execution of testing activities Increased attention to the customer Y-12 TAC also serves as a resource to the National Nuclear Security

9

Commercial Grade Dedication Survey and Training  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Office of Environmental Management Office of Environmental Management And Energy Facility Contractors Group Quality Assurance Improvement Project Plan Project Focus Area Task # and Description Deliverable Project Area 3-Commercial Grade Item and Services Dedication 3.1-Complete a survey of selected EM contractors to identify the process and basis for their CGI dedication program including safety classification of items being dedicated for nuclear applications within their facilities Completed Survey Approvals: Yes/No/NA Project Managers: S. Waisley, D. Tuttel Yes Executive Committee: D. Chung, J. Yanek, N. Barker, D. Amerine No EM QA Corporate Board: No Energy Facility Contractors Group EM/EFCOG Quality Assurance Improvement Project Plan Project Focus Area #3 -Commercial Grade Item and Services Dedication Implementation and Nuclear

10

Commercial Grade Dedication Survey and Training  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This survey was conducted to obtain input from EM contractors on processes used to perform Commercial Grade Item (CGI) dedication. The intended use of this information is to form the basis for...

11

Nanoscale Center Dedication | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Nanoscale Center Dedication Nanoscale Center Dedication Nanoscale Center Dedication May 6, 2005 - 12:44pm Addthis Remarks by Energy Secretary Samuel Bodman Thank you, Bob [Rosner] for that introduction. And let me also thank you, along with [University of Chicago] President Randel, for the leadership you are showing here. Argonne has long been a world class institution. It will soar to new heights under your joint direction. I also want to acknowledge Illinois Governor Rod Blagojevich. Thank you for being here. More than that, thank you for your strong backing of Argonne and its employees. Congresswoman Judy Biggert, who chairs the Science Subcommittee on Energy, is also a good friend to this lab, and we value her support as well. I took over as Secretary of Energy three months ago, and I have to say this

12

Nanoscale Center Dedication | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Nanoscale Center Dedication Nanoscale Center Dedication Nanoscale Center Dedication May 6, 2005 - 12:44pm Addthis Remarks by Energy Secretary Samuel Bodman Thank you, Bob [Rosner] for that introduction. And let me also thank you, along with [University of Chicago] President Randel, for the leadership you are showing here. Argonne has long been a world class institution. It will soar to new heights under your joint direction. I also want to acknowledge Illinois Governor Rod Blagojevich. Thank you for being here. More than that, thank you for your strong backing of Argonne and its employees. Congresswoman Judy Biggert, who chairs the Science Subcommittee on Energy, is also a good friend to this lab, and we value her support as well. I took over as Secretary of Energy three months ago, and I have to say this

13

NREL: News - New Wind Turbine Dynamometer Test Facility Dedicated...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

913 New Wind Turbine Dynamometer Test Facility Dedicated at NREL November 19, 2013 Today, the Energy Department (DOE) and its National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) dedicated...

14

Review of Commercial Grade Dedication Plans for the Safety Instrumente...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

... 10 Acronyms BPCS Basic Process Control System CGD Commercial Grade Dedication CHAP Consolidated Hazard Analysis Process...

15

Dodge B2500 dedicated CNG van  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The US Department of Energy (DOE) is promoting the use of alternative fuels and alternative fuel vehicles (AFVs). To support this activity, DOE has directed the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) to conduct projects to evaluate the performance and acceptability of light-duty AFVs. The authors tested a 1999 B2500 dedicated CNG Ram Wagon with a 5.2L V8 engine. The vehicle was run through a series of tests explained briefly in this fact sheet.

Eudy, L.

2000-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

16

Ford F250 Dedicated CNG Pickup  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is encouraging the use of alternative fuels and alternative fuel vehicles (AFVs). To support this activity, DOE has directed the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) to conduct projects to evaluate the performance and acceptability of light-duty AFVs. In this study, we tested a pair of 1998 Ford F-250 pickups: one dedicated compressed natural gas (CNG) model and a gasoline model as closely matched as possible. Each vehicle was run through a series of tests to evaluate acceleration, fuel economy, braking, and cold-start capabilities, as well as more subjective performance indicators such as handling, climate control, and noise.

Eudy, L.

1999-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

17

Dedicated heterogeneous node scheduling including backfill scheduling  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and system for job backfill scheduling dedicated heterogeneous nodes in a multi-node computing environment. Heterogeneous nodes are grouped into homogeneous node sub-pools. For each sub-pool, a free node schedule (FNS) is created so that the number of to chart the free nodes over time. For each prioritized job, using the FNS of sub-pools having nodes useable by a particular job, to determine the earliest time range (ETR) capable of running the job. Once determined for a particular job, scheduling the job to run in that ETR. If the ETR determined for a lower priority job (LPJ) has a start time earlier than a higher priority job (HPJ), then the LPJ is scheduled in that ETR if it would not disturb the anticipated start times of any HPJ previously scheduled for a future time. Thus, efficient utilization and throughput of such computing environments may be increased by utilizing resources otherwise remaining idle.

Wood, Robert R. (Livermore, CA); Eckert, Philip D. (Livermore, CA); Hommes, Gregg (Pleasanton, CA)

2006-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

18

NIF Target Chamber Dedicated | National Nuclear Security Administration  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

NIF Target Chamber Dedicated | National Nuclear Security Administration NIF Target Chamber Dedicated | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Home > About Us > Our History > NNSA Timeline > NIF Target Chamber Dedicated NIF Target Chamber Dedicated June 11, 1999 Livermore, CA NIF Target Chamber Dedicated Secretary Richardson dedicates the National Ignition Facility target

19

NIF Target Chamber Dedicated | National Nuclear Security Administratio...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Home > About Us > Our History > NNSA Timeline > NIF Target Chamber Dedicated NIF Target...

20

Any Way to Run a Railroad: Implications of Dedicated Trains  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The DOE recently issued a policy statement that it would use dedicated trains for most waste shipments to Yucca Mountain. Prior uncertainty about use of dedicated trains for Yucca Mountain rail shipments prevented an assessment of the likely impacts. This paper examines the controversy over the use of dedicated trains and evaluates the national impacts of shipping waste to Yucca Mountain using dedicated trains on the Union Pacific's preferred rail system. The national impacts of the routing are reported as route miles through three land use types: Rural, Urban and Census Places. (authors)

Dilger, F.C. [Black Mountain Research, Henderson, NV 81012 (United States); Halstead, R. J. [State of Nevada Agency for Nuclear Projects, Carson City, NV 89706 (United States)

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "memorial by-way dedication" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Fifth Chapter of Hanford Story Released to Public: Chapter Dedicated...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Fifth Chapter of Hanford Story Released to Public: Chapter Dedicated to Potential Future Uses of the Hanford Site Fifth Chapter of Hanford Story Released to Public: Chapter...

22

Realization strategies of dedicated path protection: A bandwidth cost perspective  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Communication networks have to provide a high level of availability and instantaneous recovery after failures in order to ensure sufficient survivability for mission-critical services. Currently, dedicated path protection (or 1+1) is implemented in backbone ... Keywords: Cost analysis, Dedicated protection, Network coding, Path protection, Reliability, SRLG

PTer Babarczi, Gergely BiczK, Harald Verby, JNos Tapolcai, PTer Soproni

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Transparent Parallel Image Processing by way of a Familiar Sequential API  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper describes an infrastructure that enables transparent development of image processing software for parallel computers. The infrastructure's main component is an image processing library containing operations capable of running on distributed memory MIMD-style parallel hardware. Since the library has a programming interface identical to that of a familiar sequential image processing library, the parallelism is completely hidden from the user. All library functions are based on an abstract parallel image processing machine (APIPM), introduced in this paper. To guide the process of automatic parallelization and optimization, a performance model is defined for operations implemented using APIPM instructions. Experiments show that for realistic image operations performance predictions are highly accurate. These results suggest that the infrastructure 's core forms a powerful basis for automatic parallelization and optimization of complete applications.

Seinstra And Koelma; F. J. Seinstra; D. Koelma

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Energy Secretary Moniz Dedicates Clean Energy Research Center, New  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Moniz Dedicates Clean Energy Research Center, New Moniz Dedicates Clean Energy Research Center, New Supercomputer Energy Secretary Moniz Dedicates Clean Energy Research Center, New Supercomputer September 11, 2013 - 3:03pm Addthis News Media Contact (202) 586-4940 DENVER, Colo. - During a visit to the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) in Golden, Colorado, Energy Secretary Ernest Moniz today dedicated the nation's first major research facility focused on clean energy grid integration and wide-scale deployment. The new Energy Systems Integration Facility (ESIF) will help manufacturers, utilities and public and private sector researchers overcome the challenges of integrating clean energy and energy efficiency technologies into today's energy infrastructure. "Strong partnerships between our national laboratories and America's

25

Professional Dedicated to Energy Independence | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Professional Dedicated to Energy Independence Professional Dedicated to Energy Independence Professional Dedicated to Energy Independence January 12, 2010 - 3:37pm Addthis Eric Barendsen Energy Technology Program Specialist, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Bill Sandusky wakes up at 4 a.m. ready to go to work reducing America's dependency on foreign sources of energy. No, Bill is not an insomniac. Rather, he is a passionate professional who has worked for nearly four decades at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory in Richland, Wash. He launched his career in 1972, the year before major oil suppliers in the Middle East imposed a game-changing oil embargo upon the United States. Bill has thought about how to overcome America's energy obstacles ever since. "We can't expect one solution to [today's] energy crisis," he says.

26

EM's Top Official Celebrates 'Cocooning' of Reactor Dedicated by  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Top Official Celebrates 'Cocooning' of Reactor Dedicated Top Official Celebrates 'Cocooning' of Reactor Dedicated by President Kennedy Decades Ago EM's Top Official Celebrates 'Cocooning' of Reactor Dedicated by President Kennedy Decades Ago June 1, 2012 - 12:00pm Addthis Senior Advisor for Environmental Management David Huizenga speaks during an event announcing the completion of work to place N Reactor in safe storage. Senior Advisor for Environmental Management David Huizenga speaks during an event announcing the completion of work to place N Reactor in safe storage. An aerial photo shows the N Reactor complex just before work to place the reactor in safe storage, or "cocooning," was completed. An aerial photo shows the N Reactor complex just before work to place the reactor in safe storage, or "cocooning," was completed.

27

Professional Dedicated to Energy Independence | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Professional Dedicated to Energy Independence Professional Dedicated to Energy Independence Professional Dedicated to Energy Independence January 12, 2010 - 3:37pm Addthis Eric Barendsen Energy Technology Program Specialist, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Bill Sandusky wakes up at 4 a.m. ready to go to work reducing America's dependency on foreign sources of energy. No, Bill is not an insomniac. Rather, he is a passionate professional who has worked for nearly four decades at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory in Richland, Wash. He launched his career in 1972, the year before major oil suppliers in the Middle East imposed a game-changing oil embargo upon the United States. Bill has thought about how to overcome America's energy obstacles ever since. "We can't expect one solution to [today's] energy crisis," he says.

28

Commercial Grade Item (CGI) Dedication for Leak Detection Relays  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This Test Plan provides a test method to dedicate the leak detection relays used on the new Pumping and Instrumentation Control (PIC) skids. The new skids are fabricated on-site. The leak detection system is a safety class system per the Authorization Basis.

KOCH, M.R.

1999-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

29

Commercial Grade Item (CGI) Dedication for Leak Detection Relays  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This Test Plan provides a test method to dedicate the leak detection relays used on the new Pumping Instrumentation and Control (PIC) skids. The new skids are fabricated on-site. The leak detection system is a safety class system per the Authorization Basis.

JOHNS, B.R.; KOCH, M.R.

2000-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

30

Commercial Grade Item (CGI) Dedication for Leak Detection Relays  

SciTech Connect

This Test Plan provides a test method to dedicate the leak detection relays used on the new Pumping and Instrumentation Control (PIC) skids. The new skids are fabricated on-site. The leak detection system is a safety class system per the Authorization Basis.

KOCH, M.R.; JOHNS, B.R.

1999-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

31

Commercial Grade Item (CGI) Dedication for Leak Detection Relays  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This Test Plan provides a test method to dedicate the leak detection relays used on the new Pumping Instrumentation and Control (PIC) skids. The new skids are fabricated on-site. The leak detection system is a safety class system per the Authorization Basis.

KOCH, M.R.

2000-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

32

Commercial Grade Item (CGI) Dedication for Leak Detection Relays  

SciTech Connect

This Test Plan provides a test method to dedicate the leak detection relays used on the new Pumping and Instrumentation Control (PIC) skids. The new skids are fabricated on-site. The leak detection system is a safety class system per the Authorization Basis.

KOCH, M.R.

1999-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

33

Dedicated to making the world safer by providing better security  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dedicated to making the world safer by providing better security to nuclear materials during transportation worldwide "Nuclear material around the world must be made more physically secure to make certain)946-1507 Email: andersonkk@ornl.gov Experience includes · Providing comprehensive security solutions to nuclear

34

Active memory operations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The performance of modern microprocessors is increasingly limited by their inability to hide main memory latency. The problem is worse in large-scale shared memory systems, where remote memory latencies are hundreds, and soon thousands, of processor ... Keywords: DRAM, cache coherence, distributed shared memory, memory performance, stream processing, thread synchronization

Zhen Fang; Lixin Zhang; John B. Carter; Ali Ibrahim; Michael A. Parker

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Development of a Dedicated 100 Percent Ventilation Air Heat Pump  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The concept of using dedicated 100 percent ventilation makeup air conditioning units to meet indoor air quality standards is attractive because of the inherent advantages. However, it is challenging to design and build direct expansion unitary equipment for this purpose. EPRI teamed with ClimateMaster to develop and test a prototype of a vapor compression heat pump to advance the state of the art in such equipment. The prototype unit provides deep dehumidification and cooling of ventilation air in the su...

2000-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

36

Shape Memory Alloys  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Scope, Shape memory alloys (SMA) have received widespread attention from ... The symposium focuses on shape memory and superelastic materials and their...

37

Memory Considerations for Carver  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Memory Considerations Memory Considerations Memory Considerations Overview Carver login nodes each have 48GB of physical memory. Most compute nodes have 24GB; however, 80 compute nodes have 48GB. Not all of this memory is available to user processes. Some memory is reserved for the Linux kernel. Furthermore, since Carver nodes have no disk, the "root" file system (including /tmp) is kept in memory ("ramdisk"). The kernel and root file system combined occupy about 4GB of memory. Therefore users should try to use no more than 20GB on most compute nodes, or 44GB on the large-memory compute nodes. There are also two "extra-large" memory nodes; each node has four 8-core Intel X7550 ("Nehalem EX") 2.0 GHz processors (32 cores total) and 1TB memory. These nodes are available through the queue "reg_xlmem". Please

38

Optical memory  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Optical memory comprising: a semiconductor wire, a first electrode, a second electrode, a light source, a means for producing a first voltage at the first electrode, a means for producing a second voltage at the second electrode, and a means for determining the presence of an electrical voltage across the first electrode and the second electrode exceeding a predefined voltage. The first voltage, preferably less than 0 volts, different from said second voltage. The semiconductor wire is optically transparent and has a bandgap less than the energy produced by the light source. The light source is optically connected to the semiconductor wire. The first electrode and the second electrode are electrically insulated from each other and said semiconductor wire.

Mao, Samuel S; Zhang, Yanfeng

2013-07-02T23:59:59.000Z

39

PDSF Memory Considerations  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Memory Considerations Memory Considerations Memory Considerations Interactive Nodes The amount of memory available on the interactive nodes is described on the Interactive (login) Nodes page. The interactive nodes are shared among all users and running high memory jobs on the interactive nodes slows them down for everyone. If you think your work might be disruptive you should either run it in batch or run it interactively on a batch node as described here. Batch Nodes The batch system knows how much memory each node has and how much memory each job requires. By default each job is given 1.1GB, but you can request more or less memory by following the instructions in Submitting Jobs. However, it should be noted that the more memory you require, the harder it will be for the batch system to schedule your job, especially when the

40

NETL: News Release - Indiana Dedication Ceremony Marks Upcoming Test of  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

August 13, 2003 August 13, 2003 Indiana Dedication Ceremony Marks Upcoming Test of World's Largest Clean Coal-Powered Fuel Cell The 2-megawatt fuel cell planned for the Wabash River Clean Coal Plant The two-megawatt Direct FuelCell® is due to be installed at the Wabash River clean coal technology plant this fall. TERRE HAUTE, IN - The U.S. Department of Energy and the nation's electric power industry took a major step today toward the goal of linking a super-efficient fuel cell to a clean coal technology power plant. In West Terre Haute, Indiana, about 100 government and industry officials gathered today in a ceremony signifying the final stages of construction and equipment installation for the world's first clean coal-fuel cell demonstration power plant. FuelCell Energy, Inc., Danbury, Conn., intends to install their

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "memorial by-way dedication" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Environmental Sciences Laboratory dedication, February 26-27, 1979  

SciTech Connect

The dedication of the new Environmental Sciences Laboratory coincided with the 25th year of the establishment of the science of ecology at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. That quarter century witnessed the evolution of ecology from an obscure, backwater discipline of biology to a broadly used, everyday household word. The transition reflected broad and basic changes in our social and cultural view of the world. This was brought about as a result of the awareness developed in our society of the importance of the environment, coupled with efforts of ecologists and other environmental scientists who identified, clarified, and formulated the issues and challenges of environmental protection for both the lay public and the scientific community. In many respects, the activities in ecology at ORNL were a microcosm of the broader social scene; the particular problems of the environment associated with atomic energy needed to be defined in scientific terms and articulated in both the specific and general sense for a larger audience which was unfamiliar with the field and somewhat alien to its concepts and philosophy. The success of this effort is reflected in the existence of the new Environmental Sciences Laboratory. This dedication volume brings together the thoughts and reflections of many of these scientists whose efforts contributed in a unique and individualistic fashion not only to ORNL but also to the national identification of ecology and its importance to the achievement of our national goals. Their remarks and presentations are not only a pleasant and personally gratifying recapitulation of the past and of ORNL's contributions to ecology but also portend some of the challenges to ecology in the future.

Auerbach, S.I.; Millemann, N.T. (eds.)

1980-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Environmental Sciences Laboratory dedication, February 26-27, 1979  

SciTech Connect

The dedication of the new Environmental Sciences Laboratory coincided with the 25th year of the establishment of the science of ecology at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. That quarter century witnessed the evolution of ecology from an obscure, backwater discipline of biology to a broadly used, everyday household word. The transition reflected broad and basic changes in our social and cultural view of the world. This was brought about as a result of the awareness developed in our society of the importance of the environment, coupled with efforts of ecologists and other environmental scientists who identified, clarified, and formulated the issues and challenges of environmental protection for both the lay public and the scientific community. In many respects, the activities in ecology at ORNL were a microcosm of the broader social scene; the particular problems of the environment associated with atomic energy needed to be defined in scientific terms and articulated in both the specific and general sense for a larger audience which was unfamiliar with the field and somewhat alien to its concepts and philosophy. The success of this effort is reflected in the existence of the new Environmental Sciences Laboratory. This dedication volume brings together the thoughts and reflections of many of these scientists whose efforts contributed in a unique and individualistic fashion not only to ORNL but also to the national identification of ecology and its importance to the achievement of our national goals. Their remarks and presentations are not only a pleasant and personally gratifying recapitulation of the past and of ORNL's contributions to ecology but also portend some of the challenges to ecology in the future.

Auerbach, S.I.; Millemann, N.T. (eds.)

1980-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Silicon nanocrystal memories  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we present an overview of memory structures fabricated by our group by using silicon nanocrystals as storage nodes. These devices show promising characteristics as candidates for future deep-submicron non-volatile memories.

S. Lombardo; B. De Salvo; C. Gerardi; T. Baron

2004-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Drifting absence :: drafting memory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The emotive power of a memorial derives from its ability to engage the viewer in active remembrance. The project considers the limitations of a monumentality which embraces a distinct division between viewer and memorial. ...

Kuhn, Marlene Eva

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Samuel Rosen Memorial Award  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recognizing accomplishments in surfactant chemistry. The Samuel Rosen Memorial Award is sponsored by Milton J. Rosen. Samuel Rosen Memorial Award Membership Information achievement application award Awards distinguished division Divisions fats job

46

Tolerating memory leaks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Type safety and garbage collection in managed languages eliminate memory errors such as dangling pointers, double frees, and leaks of unreachable objects. Unfortunately, a program still leaks memory if it maintains references to objects it will never ... Keywords: bug tolerance, managed languages, memory leaks

Michael D. Bond; Kathryn S. McKinley

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

External Memory Algorithms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Data sets in large applications are often too massive to fit completely inside the computer's internal memory. The resulting input/ output communication (or I/O) between fast internal memory and slower external memory (such as disks) can be a major performance ...

Jeffrey Scott Vitter

1998-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Dedicated breast CT: Fibroglandular volume measurements in a diagnostic population  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To determine the mean and range of volumetric glandular fraction (VGF) of the breast in a diagnostic population using a high-resolution flat-panel cone-beam dedicated breast CT system. This information is important for Monte Carlo-based estimation of normalized glandular dose coefficients and for investigating the dependence of VGF on breast dimensions, race, and pathology. Methods: Image data from a clinical trial investigating the role of dedicated breast CT that enrolled 150 women were retrospectively analyzed to determine the VGF. The study was conducted in adherence to a protocol approved by the institutional human subjects review boards and written informed consent was obtained from all study participants. All participants in the study were assigned BI-RADS{sup Registered-Sign} 4 or 5 as per the American College of Radiology assessment categories after standard diagnostic work-up and underwent dedicated breast CT exam prior to biopsy. A Gaussian-kernel based fuzzy c-means algorithm was used to partition the breast CT images into adipose and fibroglandular tissue after segmenting the skin. Upon determination of the accuracy of the algorithm with a phantom, it was applied to 137 breast CT volumes from 136 women. VGF was determined for each breast and the mean and range were determined. Pathology results with classification as benign, malignant, and hyperplasia were available for 132 women, and were used to investigate if the distributions of VGF varied with pathology. Results: The algorithm was accurate to within {+-}1.9% in determining the volume of an irregular shaped phantom. The study mean ({+-} inter-breast SD) for the VGF was 0.172 {+-} 0.142 (range: 0.012-0.719). VGF was found to be negatively correlated with age, breast dimensions (chest-wall to nipple length, pectoralis to nipple length, and effective diameter at chest-wall), and total breast volume, and positively correlated with fibroglandular volume. Based on pathology, pairwise statistical analysis (Mann-Whitney test) indicated that at the 0.05 significance level, there was no significant difference in distributions of VGF without adjustment for age between malignant and nonmalignant breasts (p= 0.41). Pairwise comparisons of the distributions of VGF in increasing order of mammographic breast density indicated all comparisons were statistically significant (p < 0.002). Conclusions: This study used a different clinical prototype breast CT system than that in previous studies to image subjects from a different geographical region, and used a different algorithm for analysis of image data. The mean VGF estimated from this study is within the range reported in previous studies, indicating that the choice of 50% glandular weight fraction to represent an average breast for Monte Carlo-based estimation of normalized glandular dose coefficients in mammography needs revising. In the study, the distributions of VGF did not differ significantly with pathology.

Vedantham, Srinivasan; Shi Linxi; Karellas, Andrew; O'Connell, Avice M. [Department of Radiology, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, Massachusetts 01655 (United States); Department of Imaging Sciences, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, New York 14642 (United States)

2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

49

Rooftop Unitary Air Conditioner with Integral Dedicated Outdoor Air System  

SciTech Connect

Energy use of rooftop and other unitary air-conditioners in commercial applications accounts for about 1 quad (10{sup 15} Btu) of primary energy use annually in the U.S. [Reference 7]. The realization that this cooling equipment accounts for the majority of commercial building cooled floorspace and the majority also of commercial building energy use has spurred development of improved-efficiency equipment as well as development of stricter standards addressing efficiency levels. Another key market driver affecting design of rooftop air-conditioning equipment has been concern regarding comfort and the control of humidity. Trends for increases in outdoor air ventilation rates in certain applications, and the increasing concern about indoor air quality problems associated with humidity levels and moisture in buildings points to a need for improved dehumidification capability in air-conditioning equipment of all types. In many cases addressing this issue exacerbates energy efficiency, and vice versa. The integrated dedicated outdoor air system configuration developed in this project addresses both energy and comfort/humidity issues.

Tiax Llc

2006-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

50

Secretary Moniz Dedicates New Supercomputer at the National Energy Technology Laboratory  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Today, Secretary Moniz dedicated a new supercomputerone of the worlds fastest and most energy efficientat the National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL)

51

Exposing Memory Access Regularities Using Object-Relative Memory Profiling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Memory profiling is the process of characterizing a program's memorybehavior by observing and recording its response to specific inputsets. Relevant aspects of the program's memory behavior maythen be used to guide memory optimizations in an aggressively ...

Qiang Wu; Artem Pyatakov; Alexey Spiridonov; Easwaran Raman; Douglas W. Clark; David I. August

2004-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Using Cyclic Memory Allocation to Eliminate Memory Leaks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present and evaluate a new memory management technique for eliminating memory leaks in programs with dynamic memory allocation. This technique observes the execution of the program on a sequence of training inputs to ...

Nguyen, Huu Hai

53

On Smooth Sets of Integers Dedicated to the memory of Professor Shimon Even for his inspiration and encouragement  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the following reuirements: (i) the second largest eigenvalue 7 ? max is suitably bounded away far enough 7

Goldreich, Oded

54

Simon Fraser University Annual Report Fiscal Year 1999/2000 At the heart of the University, the SFU Library is dedicated toAt the heart of the University, the SFU Library is dedicated toAt the heart of the University, the SFU Library is dedicated toAt the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SFU Simon Fraser University Annual Report Fiscal Year 1999/2000 At the heart of the University, the SFU Library is dedicated toAt the heart of the University, the SFU Library is dedicated toAt the heart of the University, the SFU Library is dedicated toAt the heart of the University, the SFU Library is dedicated

55

Complexity analysis and algorithm design for advance bandwidth scheduling in dedicated networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An increasing number of high-performance networks provision dedicated channels through circuit switching or MPLS/GMPLS techniques to support large data transfer. The link bandwidths in such networks are typically shared by multiple users through advance ... Keywords: bandwidth scheduling, dedicated networks, nonapproximable

Yunyue Lin, Qishi Wu

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Memory Usage Considerations on Hopper  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Memory Considerations Memory Considerations Memory Considerations Memory Usage Considerations on Hopper Most Hopper compute nodes have 32 GB of physical memory, but, not all that memory is available to user programs. Compute Node Linux (the kernel), the Lustre file system software, and message passing library buffers all consume memory, as does loading the executable into memory. Thus the precise memory available to an application varies. Approximately 31 GB of memory can be allocated from within an MPI program using all 24 cores per node, i.e., 1.29 GB per MPI task on average. If an application uses 12 MPI tasks per node, then each MPI task could use about 2.58 GB of memory. You may see an error message such as "OOM killer terminated this process." "OOM" means Out of Memory and it means that your code has exhausted the

57

Shape memory alloys  

SciTech Connect

A shape memory alloy is disclosed consisting essentially of, by weight ratio, 2 to 15% aluminium, 0.01 to 3% beryllium and the balance being substantially copper, with impurities being inevitably present in the process of preparation, and a shape memory alloy further including 0.05 to 15% zinc, both including composition ranges which allows cold work.

Suzuki, K.

1983-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

58

The Java memory model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes the new Java memory model, which has been revised as part of Java 5.0. The model specifies the legal behaviors for a multithreaded program; it defines the semantics of multithreaded Java programs and partially determines legal implementations ... Keywords: Java, concurrency, memory model, multithreading

Jeremy Manson; William Pugh; Sarita V. Adve

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Hysteresis, Reversibility, and Shape Memory  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Basic Properties of Shape Memory Materials from First-Principles ... Control Loops of Shape Memory Actuators by Detection of the Electrical Resistance.

60

Computer memory management system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A computer memory management system utilizing a memory structure system of "intelligent" pointers in which information related to the use status of the memory structure is designed into the pointer. Through this pointer system, The present invention provides essentially automatic memory management (often referred to as garbage collection) by allowing relationships between objects to have definite memory management behavior by use of coding protocol which describes when relationships should be maintained and when the relationships should be broken. In one aspect, the present invention system allows automatic breaking of strong links to facilitate object garbage collection, coupled with relationship adjectives which define deletion of associated objects. In another aspect, The present invention includes simple-to-use infinite undo/redo functionality in that it has the capability, through a simple function call, to undo all of the changes made to a data model since the previous `valid state` was noted.

Kirk, III, Whitson John (Greenwood, MO)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "memorial by-way dedication" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Technology strategy for the semiconductor memory market  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Solid state memories are used in a variety of applications as data and code storages. A non-volatile memory is a memory that retains information when its power supply is off. Flash memory is a type of nonvolatile memory ...

Nakamura, Tomohiko

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

HAMMER Celebrates 15th Anniversary: Dedicates New U.S. State Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

HAMMER Celebrates 15th Anniversary: Dedicates New U.S. State HAMMER Celebrates 15th Anniversary: Dedicates New U.S. State Department Field Exercise Building HAMMER Celebrates 15th Anniversary: Dedicates New U.S. State Department Field Exercise Building September 13, 2012 - 12:00pm Addthis Media Contacts Cameron Hardy, DOE Cameron.Hardy@rl.doe.gov 509-376-5365 Michael Turner, MSA Michael_J_Turner@rl.gov 509-376-2872 RICHLAND, Wash. - The Volpentest HAMMER Training Center, located at the Department of Energy's (DOE) Hanford Site in southeastern Washington state, will mark its 15th anniversary of operations and dedicate a new Field Exercise Building for the U.S. State Department's counterterrorism efforts. Matt McCormick, Manager of the DOE Richland Operations Office, said the opening of the State Department Building shows HAMMER's growth and many

63

Secretary Chu Dedicates World's Most Powerful X-ray Laser | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Dedicates World's Most Powerful X-ray Laser Dedicates World's Most Powerful X-ray Laser Secretary Chu Dedicates World's Most Powerful X-ray Laser August 16, 2010 - 12:00am Addthis Washington, D.C. - U.S. Energy Secretary Steven Chu today dedicated the Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS), the world's first and most powerful X-ray laser, at the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory. The LCLS will play an essential role in addressing the scientific needs of the 21st century by exploring new ways to create better energy sources and enabling advances in a range of scientific fields. The LCLS produces pulses of X-rays more than a billion times brighter than the most powerful existing sources. The ultrafast X-ray pulses are used much like flashes from a high-speed strobe light, enabling scientists to take

64

ADFAC home dedicated with help from UT-Battelle | ornl.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Fred Strohl 865.574.4165 ADFAC home dedicated with help from UT-Battelle (hi-res image) Listen to the audio OAK RIDGE, Tenn., Sept. 24, 2013 -- UT-Battelle has made it possible for...

65

Symposium in Memory of Robert H. Siemann  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Symposium in Memory of Robert H. Siemann was held on July 7th, 2009 to honor the life and achievements of one of the pioneers of accelerator physics. Speakers and participants from around the world came together at SLAC to celebrate his contributions to science and to the scientific community. Speakers from each of the chapters of Bob's life were asked to provide a broad retrospective of the man and his career. Students provided brief perspectives of specific aspects of his work, and of his role as a mentor. The Siemann family attended and offered personal reminiscences. A redwood tree and memorial plaque were dedicated on the SLAC main Green in his honor. Many who attended the event felt they had learned something they did not know about their longtime colleague. In the pages that follow, the prepared remarks and slides of speakers have been collected. The richness of the contributions and breadth of topics covered are a reflection of the richness and breadth of Bob's life. The event was video recorded, and may be viewed at the SLAC library or online through the SLAC website.

Not Available

2009-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

66

Reconsidering custom memory allocation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Programmers hoping to achieve performance improvements often use custom memory allocators. This in-depth study examines eight applications that use custom allocators. Surprisingly, for six of these applications, a state-of-the-art general-purpose allocator ...

Emery D. Berger; Benjamin G. Zorn; Kathryn S. McKinley

2002-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

Warship : memorial in antithesis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis is divided into three distinct yet related parts. The first consists of observations and reflections on some of New York City's many war memorials, ranging from one commemorating the Revolutionary War to one ...

Tchelistcheff, Andre Victor

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Mondriaan memory protection  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Reliability and security are quickly becoming users' biggest concern due to the increasing reliance on computers in all areas of society. Hardware-enforced, fine-grained memory protection can increase the reliability and ...

Witchel, Emmett Jethro, 1970-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Large Data Visualization on Distributed Memory Mulit-GPU Clusters  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Data sets of immense size are regularly generated on large scale computing resources. Even among more traditional methods for acquisition of volume data, such as MRI and CT scanners, data which is too large to be effectively visualization on standard workstations is now commonplace. One solution to this problem is to employ a 'visualization cluster,' a small to medium scale cluster dedicated to performing visualization and analysis of massive data sets generated on larger scale supercomputers. These clusters are designed to fit a different need than traditional supercomputers, and therefore their design mandates different hardware choices, such as increased memory, and more recently, graphics processing units (GPUs). While there has been much previous work on distributed memory visualization as well as GPU visualization, there is a relative dearth of algorithms which effectively use GPUs at a large scale in a distributed memory environment. In this work, we study a common visualization technique in a GPU-accelerated, distributed memory setting, and present performance characteristics when scaling to extremely large data sets.

Childs, Henry R.

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Using Cyclic Memory Allocation to Eliminate Memory Leaks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present and evaluate a new memory management technique foreliminating memory leaks in programs with dynamic memoryallocation. This technique observes the execution of the program on asequence of training inputsto find ...

Nguyen, Huu Hai

2005-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

71

Benefits of Dedicating Resource Sharing Services for Data-Centers using Emerging Multi-Core Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Current data-centers lack in efficient support for intelligent services, such as data sharing, resource monitoring, controlling overload scenarios, etc., which has become a common requirement today. Researchers and several organizations have been working towards adding co-processing units (such as FPGAs) in the hardware to offload some of the features of such intelligent services. However, at this point of time, it is not clear on how much benefits such co-processing units can provide to the data-center applications. On the other hand, as multicore systems are emerging, it opens up new ways to design, implement and emulate such co-processing units with the help of multiple cores in the system. To study the performance benefits, in this paper, we onload some of the prime functionalities of data-center services to dedicated cores. Specifically, we onload the data sharing and resource monitoring services to a dedicated core in a multi-core system and analyze the performance benefits in terms of Inter Process Communication (IPC) costs, overhead in response time and execution time of several applications. Our micro-benchmark results show that the performance of the dedicated data sharing service can be improved by 25 % as compared to existing implementation. Evaluations with dedicated resource monitoring service show that the dedicated core can avoid fluctuations in response time compared to existing implementation. Distributed STORM and application checkpointing over the data sharing service show up to 15 % and 33 % improvement, respectively, as compared to the existing implementation. 1

K. Vaidyanathan; P. Lai; S. Narravula; D. K. Panda; K. Vaidyanathan; P. Lai; S. Narravula; D. K. Panda

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Analysis of Severe Accident Scenarios and Proposals for Safety Improvements for ADS Transmuters with Dedicated Fuel  

SciTech Connect

So-called dedicated fuels will be utilized to obtain maximum transmutation and incineration rates of minor actinides (MAs) in accelerator-driven systems (ADSs). These fuels are characterized by a high-MA content and the lack of the classical fertile materials such as {sup 238}U or {sup 232}Th. Dedicated fuels still have to be developed; however, programs are under way for their fabrication, irradiation, and testing. In Europe, mainly the oxide route is investigated and developed. A dedicated core will contain multiple 'critical' fuel masses, resulting in a certain recriticality potential under core degradation conditions. The use of dedicated fuels may also lead to strong deterioration of the safety parameters of the reactor core, such as, e.g., the void worth, Doppler or the kinetics quantities, neutron generation time, and {beta}{sub eff}. Critical reactors with this kind of fuel might encounter safety problems, especially under severe accident conditions. For ADSs, it is assumed that because of the subcriticality of the system, the poor safety features of such fuels could be coped with. Analyses reveal some safety problems for ADSs with dedicated fuels. Additional inherent and passive safety measures are proposed to achieve the required safety level. A safety strategy along the lines of a defense approach is presented where these measures can be integrated. The ultimate goal of these measures is to eliminate any mechanistic severe accident scenario and the potential for energetics.

Maschek, Werner [Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe Institute for Nuclear and Energy Technologies (Germany); Rineiski, Andrei [Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe Institute for Nuclear and Energy Technologies (Germany); Flad, Michael [Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe Institute for Nuclear and Energy Technologies (Germany); Morita, Koji [Kyushu University Institute of Environmental Systems (Japan); Coste, Pierre [Commissariat a l'Energie Atomique CE Grenoble (France)

2003-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

73

The rope memory: a permanent storage device  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A powerful way of increasing the capability and flexibility of digital computing systems is through the use of permanent storage memories. Such memories are also known as readonly memories or NDRO electrically unalterable memories. As an example of the ...

P. Kuttner

1963-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Dynamically replicated memory: building reliable systems from nanoscale resistive memories  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

DRAM is facing severe scalability challenges in sub-45nm tech- nology nodes due to precise charge placement and sensing hur- dles in deep-submicron geometries. Resistive memories, such as phase-change memory (PCM), already scale well beyond DRAM and ... Keywords: phase-change memory, write endurance

Engin Ipek; Jeremy Condit; Edmund B. Nightingale; Doug Burger; Thomas Moscibroda

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

State of Washington officials join department of energy to dedicate WIPP disposal room  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

State of Washington Officials Join Department of Energy State of Washington Officials Join Department of Energy To Dedicate WIPP Disposal Room CARLSBAD, N.M., June 2, 2000 - U.S. Congressman Doc Hastings of Washington state joined U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) officials today in dedicating the "Washington Room" at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP). Disposal Room 2 of Panel 1 in the WIPP underground will be filled with transuranic radioactive waste from the Hanford Site near Richland, Wash., as well as other DOE facilities. "The state of Washington is pleased that WIPP is open and will soon accept transuranic waste from Hanford," said Congressman Hastings. "This event recognizes the years of cooperation and dedication among all parties in making WIPP a reality. It also shows continuing progress on the cleanup of the Hanford Site."

76

High Temperature Shape Memory Alloys  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mar 5, 2013 ... Shape Memory Response of NiTiHfPd High Strength and High Hysteresis Shape Memory Alloys: Emre Acar1; Haluk Karaca1; Hirobumi Tobe1;...

77

Thomas H. Smouse Memorial Fellowship  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Awarded to a graduate student doing research in areas of interest to AOCS. Thomas H. Smouse Memorial Fellowship Thomas H. Smouse Memorial Fellowship graduate research scholastically outstanding Smouse Award Student Award Student Awards achievemen

78

Unifluxor: a permanent memory element  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Unifluxor is a new binary permanent memory element which appears to have the advantages of high-speed operation, easy fabrication, and low cost. Unlike cores, twistors, capacitors, and other commonly used memory devices, the Unifluxor does not depend ...

A. M. Renard; W. J. Neumann

1960-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Memory Usage Considerations on Franklin  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

the memory requirement vvia internal checking in their codes or by some tools. Craypat could track heap usage. And IPM also tracks memory usage. Last edited: 2013-06-30 08:33:51...

80

Shape memory polymer medical device  

SciTech Connect

A system for removing matter from a conduit. The system includes the steps of passing a transport vehicle and a shape memory polymer material through the conduit, transmitting energy to the shape memory polymer material for moving the shape memory polymer material from a first shape to a second and different shape, and withdrawing the transport vehicle and the shape memory polymer material through the conduit carrying the matter.

Maitland, Duncan (Pleasant Hill, CA); Benett, William J. (Livermore, CA); Bearinger, Jane P. (Livermore, CA); Wilson, Thomas S. (San Leandro, CA); Small, IV, Ward (Livermore, CA); Schumann, Daniel L. (Concord, CA); Jensen, Wayne A. (Livermore, CA); Ortega, Jason M. (Pacifica, CA); Marion, III, John E. (Livermore, CA); Loge, Jeffrey M. (Stockton, CA)

2010-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "memorial by-way dedication" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Transparently consistent asynchronous shared memory  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The advent of many-core processors is imposing many changes on the operating system. The resources that are under contention have changed; previously, CPU cycles were the resource in demand and required fair and precise sharing. Now compute cycles are ... Keywords: copy on write, memory management, memory sharing, virtual memory

Hakan Akkan, Latchesar Ionkov, Michael Lang

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

The memory book  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we present an Augmented Reality book for remembering past events and to plan future ones. We have developed this system using Brainstorm eStudio. We have incorporated Augmented Reality options into Brainstorm eStudio using a plugin of ARToolKit. ... Keywords: augmented reality, memory book, storytelling

M. C. Juan; B. Rey; D. Perez; D. Tomas; M. Alcaiz

2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Library Book Memorial and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Library Book Memorial and Honorary Gift Program A university library provides the information or event. We will inform the individual or family of your gift and the book(s) we add to the library Enclosed is my $___________ contribution for gift books. K $20 or more -- Bookplate(s) K Under $20

VanDieren, Monica

84

NREL's National Wind Technology Center provides the world's only dedicated turbine controls testing platforms.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NREL's National Wind Technology Center provides the world's only dedicated turbine controls testing platforms. Today's utility-scale wind turbine structures are more complex and their compo- nents more turbine designers is to capture the maximum amount of energy, with minimal structural loading, for minimal

85

NREL's National Wind Technology Center provides the world's only dedicated turbine controls testing platforms.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NREL's National Wind Technology Center provides the world's only dedicated turbine controls testing platforms. Today's utility-scale wind turbine structures are more complex and their compo- nents more of algorithms to control the dynamic systems of wind turbines must account for multiple complex, nonlinear

86

Dynamic provisioning strategies for energy efficient WDM networks with dedicated path protection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Energy consumption in optical backbone networks is increasing due to two main reasons: (i) the exponential growth of bandwidth demands, and (ii) the increase in availability requirements in order to guarantee protection of the ultra high capacity optical ... Keywords: Dedicated path protection, Energy-aware, Green networks, Power efficiency, Survivable WDM networks

Amornrat Jirattigalachote; Cicek Cavdar; Paolo Monti; Lena Wosinska; Anna Tzanakaki

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Genepool Memory Heatmaps  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Genepool Memory Heatmaps Genepool Memory Heatmaps Heatmap of Memory and Slots Requested vs Time Waited (in hours) | Queue: All | Last 7 Days Memory Requested Slots <5GB 5-10GB 10-20GB 20-30GB 30-40GB 40-50GB 50-100GB 100-150GB 150-200GB 200-256GB 256-512GB 512+GB Job Count Longest Wait 1 2.26 (2693) 10.5 (201167) 3.2 (11650) 0 1.75 (282) 1.49 (1627) 0.03 (1) 0 0 0 0 0 217420 538.96 2 0.26 (103) 1.02 (2817) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2920 9.1 4 1.55 (198) 1.48 (104) 0.34 (8) 0 0 0 1.86 (3) 0 0 0 0 0 313 20.48 6 0.01 (1) 0.09 (34) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 35 1.22 8 0.34 (37) 6.15 (12376) 1.01 (17) 24.7 (1) 0.03 (3) 0 0.02 (6) 0 0 0 0 0 12440 46.16 10 0 8.56 (1) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 8.56 16 0 0.03 (1) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0.03 24 0 0 0.01 (1) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0.01 32 0 0.01 (4) 0.05 (9) 0 0.01 (6) 0 0.0 (1) 0 0 0 0 0 20 0.26

88

Shape memory alloy actuator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An actuator for cycling between first and second positions includes a first shaped memory alloy (SMA) leg, a second SMA leg. At least one heating/cooling device is thermally connected to at least one of the legs, each heating/cooling device capable of simultaneously heating one leg while cooling the other leg. The heating/cooling devices can include thermoelectric and/or thermoionic elements.

Varma, Venugopal K. (Knoxville, TN)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Page placement in hybrid memory systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Phase-Change Memory (PCM) technology has received substantial attention recently. Because PCM is byte-addressable and exhibits access times in the nanosecond range, it can be used in main memory designs. In fact, PCM has higher density and lower idle ... Keywords: hybrid memory, memory controller, phase-change memory

Luiz E. Ramos; Eugene Gorbatov; Ricardo Bianchini

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

APC: a performance metric of memory systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Due to the infamous "memory wall" problem and a drastic increase in the number of data intensive applications, memory rather than processor has become the leading performance bottleneck of modern computing systems. Evaluating and understanding memory ... Keywords: measurement methodology, memory metric, memory performance measurement

Xian-He Sun; Dawei Wang

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Third Chapter of Hanford Story Released to Public - Chapter Dedicated to  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Third Chapter of Hanford Story Released to Public - Chapter Third Chapter of Hanford Story Released to Public - Chapter Dedicated to Those Who Helped Complete Projects Funded by Recovery Act Third Chapter of Hanford Story Released to Public - Chapter Dedicated to Those Who Helped Complete Projects Funded by Recovery Act September 15, 2011 - 12:00pm Addthis Media Contact Geoff Tyree, DOE Geoffrey.Tyree@rl.doe.gov 509-376-4171 RICHLAND, Wash. - The Department of Energy is releasing the third chapter of The Hanford Story today to the public. -Recovery Act‖ is a tribute to the thousands of workers and representatives of regulatory agencies, neighboring states, Tribes, stakeholders, and surrounding communities who came together to put stimulus funding to work at the government site in southeast Washington State. The video describes how the Department of Energy and its contractors turned

92

Fifth Chapter of Hanford Story Released to Public: Chapter Dedicated to  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Fifth Chapter of Hanford Story Released to Public: Chapter Fifth Chapter of Hanford Story Released to Public: Chapter Dedicated to Potential Future Uses of the Hanford Site Fifth Chapter of Hanford Story Released to Public: Chapter Dedicated to Potential Future Uses of the Hanford Site March 8, 2012 - 12:00pm Addthis Media Contact Geoff Tyree, DOE , (509) 376-4171, Geoffrey.Tyree@rl.doe.gov RICHLAND, Wash. - The Department of Energy is releasing the fifth chapter of The Hanford Story video series to the public today. "Future" offers perspectives and ideas for potential uses of the government's former plutonium production site in southeast Washington State as environmental cleanup is completed. From land use plans and preservation to economic development and tourism opportunities, the Future chapter touches on a variety of local economic,

93

A Functional Data-flow Architecture dedicated to Real-time Image Processing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents a data-flow computer developed at ETCA and dedicated to real-time image processing. Two types of data-driven processing elements, dedicated respectively to low and mid-level processings are integrated in a regular 3D array. Its design relies on a close integration of the data-flow architecture principles and the functional programming concept. Image processing data-flow graphs, first expressed using a functional syntax are directly mapped onto the processor array. The programming environment includes a complete FP-specification to network configuration compilation stream along with a global operator database. An experimental system, including 1024 low-level custom data-flow processors (6 x 25 MBytes/s, 50 million operations per second) and 12 T800 transputers , was built and several image processing algorithms were run in real time at digital video speed.

J. Srot; G. Qunot; B. Zavidovique

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Additional Development of a Dedicated Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) Ultra Low Emissions Vehicle (ULEV)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report describes the last in a series of three projects designed to develop a commercially competitive LPG light-duty passenger car that meets California ULEV standards and corporate average fuel economy (CAFE) energy efficiency guidelines for such a vehicle. In this project, IMPCO upgraded the vehicle's LPG vapor fuel injection system and performed emissions testing. The vehicle met the 1998 ULEV standards successfully, demonstrating the feasibility of meeting ULEV standards with a dedicated LPG vehicle.

IMPCO Technologies

1998-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

95

Analysis of a Dedicated Outdoor Air System and Low Temperature Supply Air Conditioning System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents the principles and the characteristics of a dedicated outdoor air system (DOAS) and low temperature supply air system. DOAS is offered based on the demands of indoor air quality and the low temperature supply air system is offered based on the demands of saving energy. The two systems are very similar, which is analyzed in this paper. Using actual engineering, we compute the air flow rate, cold load and energy consumption in detail, and provide some good conclusions.

Guang, L.; Li, R.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Information for Use in Conducting Audits of Supplier Commercial Grade Item Dedication Programs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) has published a series of documents pertaining to commercial grade item dedication (CGID). Each of these documents was written from a licensees perspective and was intended for use by member utilities. EPRI released six of these documents as copyrighted publications in 2007, making them available to suppliers in the nuclear generation industry. Suppliers can use these documents as guidance for implementing supplier CGID programs. Recent experience conducting N...

2008-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

97

Additional Development of a Dedicated Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) Ultra Low Emissions Vehicle (ULEV)  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the last in a series of three projects designed to develop a commercially competitive LPG light-duty passenger car that meets California ULEV standards and corporate average fuel economy (CAFE) energy efficiency guidelines for such a vehicle. In this project, IMPCO upgraded the vehicle's LPG vapor fuel injection system and performed emissions testing. The vehicle met the 1998 ULEV standards successfully, demonstrating the feasibility of meeting ULEV standards with a dedicated LPG vehicle.

IMPCO Technologies

1998-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

98

Applications of Shape Memory Alloys  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mar 3, 2011 ... More than 50 years after the discovery of shape memory alloys, and after investments of millions of dollars, there are very few successful...

99

Using Hardware Memory Protection to Build a High-Performance, Strongly-Atomic Hybrid Transactional Memory  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We demonstrate how fine-grained memory protection can be used in support of transactional memory systems: first showing how a software transactional memory system (STM) can be made strongly atomic by using memory protection on transactionally-held state, ... Keywords: Transactional Memory, Hybrid, Memory Protection, Primitives, Abort Handler, Strong Atomicity

Lee Baugh; Naveen Neelakantam; Craig Zilles

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

An analysis of MRAM based memory technologies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MRAM is a memory (RAM) technology that uses electron spin to store information. Often been called "the ideal memory", it can potentially combine the density of DRAM with the speed of SRAM and non-volatility of FLASH memory ...

Vijayaraghavan, Rangarajan, M. Eng. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "memorial by-way dedication" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Shape memory alloy thaw sensors  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A sensor permanently indicates that it has been exposed to temperatures exceeding a critical temperature for a predetermined time period. An element of the sensor made from shape memory alloy changes shape when exposed, even temporarily, to temperatures above the Austenitic temperature of the shape memory alloy. The shape change of the SMA element causes the sensor to change between two readily distinguishable states.

Shahinpoor, Mohsen (Albuquerque, NM); Martinez, David R. (Albuquerque, NM)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Memory exploration for low power, embedded systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Keywords: cache simulator, design automation, low power design, low power embedded systems, memory exploration and optimization, memory hierarchy, off-chip data assignment

Wen-Tsong Shiue; Chaitali Chakrabarti

1999-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Bioenergy: What`s in it for the grower? The cost of producing dedicated energy crops. Comparisons with conventional crops  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Dedicated energy crops must be at least as profitable as conventional crops that could be grown on a given site before farmers will produce energy crops on that site. This report concentrates on the cost of producing dedicated energy crops and compare those costs to the profitability of conventional crops. This comparison allows one to estimate a breakeven price, that is, a price for which the profitability of dedicated energy crops is equivalent to the profitability of conventional crops. Switchgrass and hybrid poplar have been chosen as representative herbaceous and woody crop species for the estimation.

Walsh, M.

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

104

Decision Support Tool for Prioritization of Resources Dedicated to Surveillance and Maintenance Activities  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Oak Ridge National Laboratory Florida International University Tennessee Florida Decision Support Tool for Prioritization of Resources Dedicated to Surveillance and Maintenance Activities Challenge The Department of Energy (DOE) currently faces a difficult task in the disposition of excess facilities. Many of these facilities are large and complex and contain potentially hazardous substances. Operational experience shows that once buildings have been declared excess and are transferred to surveillance and maintenance (S&M), maintenance budgets are reduced since the planned demolition of the building is used as a justification for not spending money to make repairs on it. One need identified at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), and

105

Evaluating the economic costs, benefits and tradeoffs of dedicated biomass energy systems: The importance of scale  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The economic and environmental costs, benefits and tradeoffs of bioenergy from dedicated biomass energy systems must be addressed in the context of the scale of interest. At different scales there are different economic and environmental features and processes to consider. The depth of our understanding of the processes and features that influence the potential of energy crops also varies with scale as do the quality and kinds of data that are needed and available. Finally, the appropriate models to use for predicting economic and environmental impacts change with the scale of the questions. This paper explores these issues at three scales - the individual firm, the community, and the nation.

Graham, R.L.; Walsh, M.E.

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

106

ELECTROSTATIC MEMORY SYSTEM  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improved electrostatic memory system is de scribed fer a digital computer wherein a plarality of storage tubes are adapted to operate in either of two possible modes. According to the present irvention, duplicate storage tubes are provided fur each denominational order of the several binary digits. A single discriminator system is provided between corresponding duplicate tubes to determine the character of the infurmation stored in each. If either tube produces the selected type signal, corresponding to binazy "1" in the preferred embodiment, a "1" is regenerated in both tubes. In one mode of operation each bit of information is stored in two corresponding tubes, while in the other mode of operation each bit is stored in only one tube in the conventional manner.

Chu, J.C.

1958-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

107

Shape memory metals. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The ability to define a manufacturing process to form, heat-treat, and join parts made of nickel-titanium and/or copper-zinc-aluminum shape memory alloys was investigated. The specific emphasis was to define a process that would produce shape memory alloy parts in the configuration of helical coils emulating the appearance of compression springs. In addition, the mechanical strength of the finished parts along with the development of a electrical lead attachment method using shape memory alloy wire was investigated.

Dworak, T.D.

1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

A durable and energy efficient main memory using phase change memory technology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Using nonvolatile memories in memory hierarchy has been investigated to reduce its energy consumption because nonvolatile memories consume zero leakage power in memory cells. One of the difficulties is, however, that the endurance of most nonvolatile ... Keywords: endurance, low power, phase change memory

Ping Zhou; Bo Zhao; Jun Yang; Youtao Zhang

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

OMC-INTEGRAL Memory Management  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The management of the memory restrictions imposed by the processor (1750A) was one of the major difficulties found in designing the Software (SW) controlling the Optical Monitoring Camera (OMC) payload of the International Gamma Ray Laboratory (INTEGRAL) ...

Jose Manuel Prez Lobato; Eva Martn Lobo

2002-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Shape memory alloy thaw sensors  

SciTech Connect

A sensor permanently indicates that it has been exposed to temperatures exceeding a critical temperature for a predetermined time period. An element of the sensor made from shape memory alloy changes shape when exposed, even temporarily, to temperatures above the austenitic temperature of the shape memory alloy. The shape change of the SMA element causes the sensor to change between two readily distinguishable states. 16 figs.

Shahinpoor, M.; Martinez, D.R.

1998-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

111

Dedicated mobile high resolution prostate PET imager with an insertable transrectal probe  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A dedicated mobile PET imaging system to image the prostate and surrounding organs. The imaging system includes an outside high resolution PET imager placed close to the patient's torso and an insertable and compact transrectal probe that is placed in close proximity to the prostate and operates in conjunction with the outside imager. The two detector systems are spatially co-registered to each other. The outside imager is mounted on an open rotating gantry to provide torso-wide 3D images of the prostate and surrounding tissue and organs. The insertable probe provides closer imaging, high sensitivity, and very high resolution predominately 2D view of the prostate and immediate surroundings. The probe is operated in conjunction with the outside imager and a fast data acquisition system to provide very high resolution reconstruction of the prostate and surrounding tissue and organs.

Majewski, Stanislaw (Yorktown, VA); Proffitt, James (Newport News, VA)

2010-12-28T23:59:59.000Z

112

The 1991 natural gas vehicle challenge: Developing dedicated natural gas vehicle technology  

SciTech Connect

An engineering research and design competition to develop and demonstrate dedicated natural gas-powered light-duty trucks, the Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Challenge, was held June 6--11, 1191, in Oklahoma. Sponsored by the US Department of Energy (DOE), Energy, Mines, and Resources -- Canada (EMR), the Society of Automative Engineers (SAE), and General Motors Corporation (GM), the competition consisted of rigorous vehicle testing of exhaust emissions, fuel economy, performance parameters, and vehicle design. Using Sierra 2500 pickup trucks donated by GM, 24 teams of college and university engineers from the US and Canada participated in the event. A gasoline-powered control testing as a reference vehicle. This paper discusses the results of the event, summarizes the technologies employed, and makes observations on the state of natural gas vehicle technology.

Larsen, R.; Rimkus, W. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Davies, J. [General Motors of Canada Ltd., Toronto, ON (Canada); Zammit, M. [AC Rochester, NY (United States); Patterson, P. [USDOE, Washington, DC (United States)

1992-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

The 1991 natural gas vehicle challenge: Developing dedicated natural gas vehicle technology  

SciTech Connect

An engineering research and design competition to develop and demonstrate dedicated natural gas-powered light-duty trucks, the Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) Challenge, was held June 6--11, 1191, in Oklahoma. Sponsored by the US Department of Energy (DOE), Energy, Mines, and Resources -- Canada (EMR), the Society of Automative Engineers (SAE), and General Motors Corporation (GM), the competition consisted of rigorous vehicle testing of exhaust emissions, fuel economy, performance parameters, and vehicle design. Using Sierra 2500 pickup trucks donated by GM, 24 teams of college and university engineers from the US and Canada participated in the event. A gasoline-powered control testing as a reference vehicle. This paper discusses the results of the event, summarizes the technologies employed, and makes observations on the state of natural gas vehicle technology.

Larsen, R.; Rimkus, W. (Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)); Davies, J. (General Motors of Canada Ltd., Toronto, ON (Canada)); Zammit, M. (AC Rochester, NY (United States)); Patterson, P. (USDOE, Washington, DC (United States))

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Dedicated mobile high resolution prostate PET imager with an insertable transrectal probe  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A dedicated mobile PET imaging system to image the prostate and surrounding organs. The imaging system includes an outside high resolution PET imager placed close to the patient's torso and an insertable and compact transrectal probe that is placed in close proximity to the prostate and operates in conjunction with the outside imager. The two detector systems are spatially co-registered to each other. The outside imager is mounted on an open rotating gantry to provide torso-wide 3D images of the prostate and surrounding tissue and organs. The insertable probe provides closer imaging, high sensitivity, and very high resolution predominately 2D view of the prostate and immediate surroundings. The probe is operated in conjunction with the outside imager and a fast data acquisition system to provide very high resolution reconstruction of the prostate and surrounding tissue and organs.

Majewski, Stanislaw (Yorktown, VA); Proffitt, James (Newport News, VA)

2010-12-28T23:59:59.000Z

115

Energy efficient Phase Change Memory based main memory for future high performance systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Phase Change Memory (PCM) has recently attracted a lot of attention as a scalable alternative to DRAM for main memory systems. As the need for high-density memory increases, DRAM has proven to be less attractive from the point of view of scaling and ... Keywords: DDR3 commodity DRAM memory system, energy efficient phase change memory, main memory, future high performance systems, energy consumption, latency issues, write energy, write endurance, cache, embedded DRAM

R. A. Bheda; Jason A. Poovey; J. G. Beu; T. M. Conte

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Dedicated to the memory of Dr A. J. Criddle, Natural History Museum, London, who died in May 2002 Origin of placer laurite from Borneo  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

locality, Pontyn River, Tanah Laut, Borneo, and from the Tambanio River, southeast Borneo. The grains show grains with no crystal faces, probably because of abrasion. Inclusions are rare, but one grain contains+bornite+pentlandite+heazle- woodite (Ni3S2) that is considered to have formed by a two-stage process of exsolution and crystallization

117

Effect of memory access and caching on high performance computing.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??High-performance computing is often limited by memory access. As speeds increase, processors are often waiting on data transfers to and from memory. Classic memory controllers (more)

Groening, James

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Experimental Analysis of 10Gbps Transfers Over Physical and Emulated Dedicated Connections  

SciTech Connect

Long haul data transfers require the optimization and balancing of performances of host and storage systems as well as network transport. An assessment of such transport methods requires a systematic generation of throughput profiles from measurements collected over different system parameters and connection lengths. We describe host and storage systems to support wide-area I/O transfers at 10 Gbps, and present measurements of memory and disk transfer throughputs over suites of physical and emulated connections of several thousands of miles. The physical connections are limited by the infrastructure and incur significant costs. The emulated connections could be of arbitrary lengths at significantly lower costs but only approximate the physical connections. We present a differential regression method to estimate the differences between the performance profiles of physical and emulated connections, and then to estimate 'physical' profiles from emulated measurements. We present a systematic analysis of wide-area memory and disk transfer throughput measurements, and establish that robust estimates of physical profiles can be generated using much less expensive emulated connections.

Settlemyer, Bradley W [ORNL; Rao, Nageswara S [ORNL; Poole, Stephen W [ORNL; Hodson, Stephen W [ORNL; Hicks, Susan Elaine [ORNL; Newman, Paul M [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Technology demonstration of dedicated compressed natural gas (CNG) original equipment manufacturer (OEM) vehicles at Ft. Bliss, Texas. Interim report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A technology demonstration program of dedicated compressed natural gas (CNG) original equipment manufacturer (OEM) vehicles was conducted at FL Bliss, Texas to demonstrate the use of CNG as an alternative fuel. The demonstration program at FL Bliss was the first Army initiative with CNG-fueled vehicles under the legislated Alternative Motor Fuels Act. This Department of Energy (DOE)-supported fleet demonstration consisted of 48 General Services Administration (GSA)-owned, Army-leased 1992 dedicated CNG General Motors (GM) 3/4-ton pickup trucks and four 1993 gasoline-powered Chevrolet 3/4-ton pickup trucks.

Alvarez, R.A.; Yost, D.M.

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Ralph H. Potts Memorial Fellowship Award  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Awarded to a graduate student doing research in fats and oils. Ralph H. Potts Memorial Fellowship Award Awards Program achievement aocs application award Awards baldwin distinguished division memorial nomination poster program recognizing research

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "memorial by-way dedication" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Chapter 5: Virtual Memory Management 1 Virtual Memory Management  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

kernel data structures. The zone package This package facilitates fast allocation of memory for kernel data structures, some of which may be in time critical pieces of code. The zone package provides, organization, data structures, interactions. The emphasis is laid on both ma- chine dependent portion

Melbourne, University of

122

Available Technologies:Collective Memory Transfers for ...  

APPLICATIONS OF TECHNOLOGY: High Performance Computing (HPC) Big Data processing and analysis; Processor manufacturers; Memory module manufacturers

123

Battelle Memorial Institute Technology Marketing Summaries ...  

... applications and industries, and development stage. Battelle Memorial ... Typical existing armor for vehicles uses rigid plates of steel.

124

NIST Demonstrates Better Memory with Quantum Computer ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... to demonstrate a quantum physics version of computer memory lasting ... prospects for making practical, reliable quantum computers (which make ...

2013-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

125

Operational-Condition-Independent Criteria Dedicated to Monitoring Wind Turbine Generators: Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

To date the existing wind turbine condition monitoring technologies and commercially available systems have not been fully accepted for improving wind turbine availability and reducing their operation and maintenance costs. One of the main reasons is that wind turbines are subject to constantly varying loads and operate at variable rotational speeds. As a consequence, the influences of turbine faults and the effects of varying load and speed are coupled together in wind turbine condition monitoring signals. So, there is an urgent need to either introduce some operational condition de-coupling procedures into the current wind turbine condition monitoring techniques or develop a new operational condition independent wind turbine condition monitoring technique to maintain high turbine availability and achieve the expected economic benefits from wind. The purpose of this paper is to develop such a technique. In the paper, three operational condition independent criteria are developed dedicated for monitoring the operation and health condition of wind turbine generators. All proposed criteria have been tested through both simulated and practical experiments. The experiments have shown that these criteria provide a solution for detecting both mechanical and electrical faults occurring in wind turbine generators.

Yang, W.; Sheng, S.; Court, R.

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Performance analysis of dedicated heat-pump water heaters in an office building  

SciTech Connect

An evaluation is made of the performance of two generic dedicated heat pump water heaters (HPWHs) in supplying the domestic hot water (DHW) needs of a medium-sized office building in Colorado. Results are based on preliminary data measurements, and assumptions are made to compensate for a faulty flow meter. A stand-alone heat pump plumbed to a conventional tank obtains a coefficient of performance (COP) of 2.4 but only delivers load water temperatures of about 41/sup 0/C (105/sup 0/F) because of the 15,142 L/day (4000 gal/day) recirculating loop flow. An industrial-grade stand-alone HPWH will replace this unit. An integral heat pump/tank unit is being tested, but results are not available because of compressor starting problems. Recirculating loop losses account for 75% of the energy delivered by the HPWHs. These losses could be reduced by 75% if the recirculating loop were insulated, thus reducing the DHW fuel costs by 50%. The insulation expense could be paid in less than 3 years by savings in DHW fuel costs.

Morrison, L.

1981-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Analysis of the performance and space-conditioning impacts of dedicated heat-pump water heaters  

SciTech Connect

A description is given of the development and testing of the newly-marketed dedicated heat pump water heater (HPWH), and an analysis is presented of its performance and space conditioning impacts. This system utilizes an air-to-water heat pump, costs about $1000 installed, and obtains a coefficient of performance (COP) of about 2.0 in laboratory and field tests. Since a HPWH is usually installed indoors and extracts heat from the air, its operation is a space conditioning benefit if an air conditioning load exists and a penalty if a space heating load exists. To investigate HPWH performance and a space conditioning impacts, a simulation has been developed to model the thermal performance of a residence with resistance baseboard heat, air conditioning, and either heat pump or resistance water heating. The building characteristics are adapted for three US geographical areas (Madison, Wisconsin; Washington, DC; and Ft. Worth, Texas), and the system is simulated for a year with typical weather data. For each city, HPWH COPs are calculated monthly and yearly. In addition, the water heating and space conditioning energy requirements of HPWH operation are compared with those of resistance water heater operation to determine the relative performance ratio (RPR) of the HPWH. The annual simulated RPRs range from 1.5 to 1.7, which indicate a substantial space heating penalty of HPWH operation in these cities.

Morrison, L.; Swisher, J.

1980-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Development of a dedicated ethanol ultra-low emission vehicle (ULEV): Final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The objective of this project was to develop a commercially competitive vehicle powered by ethanol (or an ethanol blend) that can meet California`s ultra-low emission vehicle (ULEV) standards and equivalent corporate average fuel economy (CAFE) energy efficiency for a light-duty passenger car application. The definition of commercially competitive is independent of fuel cost, but does include technical requirements for competitive power, performance, refueling times, vehicle range, driveability, fuel handling safety, and overall emissions performance. This report summarizes the fourth and final phase of this project, and also the overall project. The focus of this report is the technology used to develop a dedicated ethanol-fueled ULEV, and the emissions results documenting ULV performance. Some of the details for the control system and hardware changes are presented in two appendices that are SAE papers. The demonstrator vehicle has a number of advanced technological features, but it is currently configured with standard original equipment manufacturer (OEM) under-engine catalysts. Close-coupled catalysts would improve emissions results further, but no close-coupled catalysts were available for this testing. Recently, close-coupled catalysts were obtained, but installation and testing will be performed in the future. This report also briefly summarizes work in several other related areas that supported the demonstrator vehicle work.

Dodge, L.; Bourn, G.; Callahan, T.; Grogan, J.; Leone, D.; Naegeli, D.; Shouse, K.; Thring, R.; Whitney, K. [Southwest Research Inst., San Antonio, TX (United States)

1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Emissions results for dedicated propane Chrysler minivans: the 1996 propane vehicle challenge  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy (US DOE), through Argonne National Laboratory, and in cooperation with Natural Resources-Canada and Chrysler Canada, sponsored and organized the 1996 Propane Vehicle Challenge (PVC). For this competition , 13 university teams from North America each received a stock Chrysler minivan to be converted to dedicated propane operation while maintaining maximum production feasibility. The converted vehicles were tested for performance (driveability, cold- and hot-start, acceleration, range, and fuel economy) and exhaust emissions. Of the 13 entries for the 1996 PVC, 10 completed all of the events scheduled, including the emissions test. The schools used a variety of fuel-management, fuel-phase and engine-control strategies, but their strategies can be summarized as three main types: liquid fuel-injection, gaseous fuel-injection, and gaseous carburetor. The converted vehicles performed similarly to the gasoline minivan. The University of Windsor`s minivan had the lowest emissions attaining ULEV levels with a gaseous-injected engine. The Texas A&M vehicle, which had a gaseous-fuel injection system, and the GMI Engineering and Management Institute`s vehicle, which had a liquid-injection system both reached LEV levels. Vehicles with an injection fuel system (liquid or gaseous) performed better in terms of emissions than carbureted systems. Liquid injection appeared to be the best option for fuel metering and control for propane, but more research and calibration are necessary to improve the reliability and performance of this design.

Buitrago, C.; Sluder, S.; Larsen, R.

1997-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Shape memory polymer foams for endovascular therapies  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A system for occluding a physical anomaly. One embodiment comprises a shape memory material body wherein the shape memory material body fits within the physical anomaly occluding the physical anomaly. The shape memory material body has a primary shape for occluding the physical anomaly and a secondary shape for being positioned in the physical anomaly.

Wilson, Thomas S. (Castro Valley, CA); Maitland, Duncan J. (Pleasant Hill, CA)

2012-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

131

Specifying memory consistency of write buffer multiprocessors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Write buffering is one of many successful mechanisms that improves the performance and scalability of multiprocessors. However, it leads to more complex memory system behavior, which cannot be described using intuitive consistency models, such as Sequential ... Keywords: Memory consistency framework, alpha, coherence, partial store order, relaxed memory order, sequential consistency, sparc multiprocessors, total store order, write-buffer architectures

Lisa Higham; Lillanne Jackson; Jalal Kawash

2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Multistable Circuits for Analog Memories Implementation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this work two multistable circuits suitable for analog memories implementation will be presented. These circuits have been used to implement completely asynchronous analog memories, one type based on a flash converter and thus having a linear complexity ... Keywords: analog memories, asynchronous converters, successive approximations

Giorgio Biagetti; Massimo Conti; Simone Orcioni

2004-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

The Tempest approach to distributed shared memory  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper summarizes how distributed shared memory (DSM) can be both efficiently and portably supported by the Tempest interface. Tempest is a collection of mechanisms for communication and synchronization in parallel programs. These mechanisms provide ... Keywords: Tempest, Tempest interface, distributed shared memory, message passing, parallel programs, shared memory

David A. Wood; Mark D. Hill; James R. Larus

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Algorithms and data structures for external memory  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Data sets in large applications are often too massive to fit completely inside the computer's internal memory. The resulting input/output communication (or I/O) between fast internal memory and slower external memory (such as disks) can be a major performance ...

Jeffrey Scott Vitter

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Reducing memory sharing overheads in distributed JVMs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Distributed JVM systems by supporting Javas shared-memory model enable concurrent Java applications to run transparently on clusters of computers. Aiming to reduce the overheads associated to memory coherence enforcement mechanisms required in ... Keywords: JVM, Java, cluster computing, concurrent Java applications, distributed shared memory, high-performance computing

Marcelo Lobosco; Orlando Loques; Claudio L. de Amorim

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Indiana Memorial Union Wells Library  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Franklin Hall Bryan Hall Law Indiana Memorial Union Jordan Hall Morrison Hall Wells Library Loop (0.5 miles) IMU to Greenhouse (0.3 miles) Business to Law School (0.75 miles) Wells Library to Morrison Hall (0.5 miles) Wells Library to Muisc Library (0.4 miles) #12;

Indiana University

137

Bridging the memory access gap  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The rapid growth of electronic data processing over the past two decades has been characterized by an almost insatiable appetite for larger and faster memories. In fact, over this period of time, on-line storage capacity has increased about three times ...

Dennis E. Speliotis

1975-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Trapped-flux superconducting memory  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A memory cell based on trapped flux in superconductors has been built and tested. The cell is constructed entirely by vacuum evaporation of thin films and can be selected by coincident current or by other techniques, with drive-current requirements less ...

J. W. Crowe

1957-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Design Intern: New York, NY Global Green USA's Coalition for Resource Recovery is an industry working group dedicated to generating  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, and locally recover wasted food to power the city with green energy. For more information visit thecorr working group dedicated to generating business value through turning waste into assets. The Coalition identifies and promotes effective waste diversion technologies and programs through conducting pilot programs

Colorado at Boulder, University of

140

Disaggregated memory for expansion and sharing in blade servers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Analysis of technology and application trends reveals a growing imbalance in the peak compute-to-memory-capacity ratio for future servers. At the same time, the fraction contributed by memory systems to total datacenter costs and power consumption during ... Keywords: disaggregated memory, memory blades, memory capacity expansion, power and cost efficiencies

Kevin Lim; Jichuan Chang; Trevor Mudge; Parthasarathy Ranganathan; Steven K. Reinhardt; Thomas F. Wenisch

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "memorial by-way dedication" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Architecture extensions for efficient management of scratch-pad memory  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Nowadays, many embedded processors include in their architecture on-chip static memories, so called scratch-pad memories (SPM). Compared to cache, these memories do not require complex control logic, thus resulting in increased efficiency both in silicon ... Keywords: embedded processors, memory architecture, scratch-pad memory

Jos V. Busquets-Mataix; Carlos Catal; Antonio Mart-Campoy

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Introspection-based memory de-duplication and migration  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Memory virtualization abstracts a physical machine's memory resource and presents to the virtual machines running on it a piece of physical memory that could be shared, compressed and moved. To optimize the memory resource utilization by fully leveraging ... Keywords: introspection, memory de-duplication, vm migration

Jui-Hao Chiang; Han-Lin Li; Tzi-cker Chiueh

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Experiments with Memory-to-Memory Coupling for End-to-End Fusion Simulation Workflows  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Scientific applications are striving to accurately simulate multiple interacting physical processes that comprise complex phenomena being modeled. Efficient and scalable parallel implementations of these coupled simulations present challenging interaction ... Keywords: coupling, memory-to-memory, rdma, workflows

Ciprian Docan; Fan Zhang; Manish Parashar; Julian Cummings; Norbert Podhorszki; Scott Klasky

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Collimator design for a dedicated molecular breast imaging-guided biopsy system: Proof-of-concept  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: Molecular breast imaging (MBI) is a dedicated nuclear medicine breast imaging modality that employs dual-head cadmium zinc telluride (CZT) gamma cameras to functionally detect breast cancer. MBI has been shown to detect breast cancers otherwise occult on mammography and ultrasound. Currently, a MBI-guided biopsy system does not exist to biopsy such lesions. Our objective was to consider the utility of a novel conical slant-hole (CSH) collimator for rapid (<1 min) and accurate monitoring of lesion position to serve as part of a MBI-guided biopsy system. Methods: An initial CSH collimator design was derived from the dimensions of a parallel-hole collimator optimized for MBI performed with dual-head CZT gamma cameras. The parameters of the CSH collimator included the collimator height, cone slant angle, thickness of septa and cones of the collimator, and the annular areas exposed at the base of the cones. These parameters were varied within the geometric constraints of the MBI system to create several potential CSH collimator designs. The CSH collimator designs were evaluated using Monte Carlo simulations. The model included a breast compressed to a thickness of 6 cm with a 1-cm diameter lesion located 3 cm from the collimator face. The number of particles simulated was chosen to represent the count density of a low-dose, screening MBI study acquired with the parallel-hole collimator for 10 min after a {approx}150 MBq (4 mCi) injection of Tc-99m sestamibi. The same number of particles was used for the CSH collimator simulations. In the resulting simulated images, the count sensitivity, spatial resolution, and accuracy of the lesion depth determined from the lesion profile width were evaluated. Results: The CSH collimator design with default parameters derived from the optimal parallel-hole collimator provided 1-min images with error in the lesion depth estimation of 1.1 {+-} 0.7 mm and over 21 times the lesion count sensitivity relative to 1-min images acquired with the current parallel-hole collimator. Sensitivity was increased via more vertical cone slant angles, larger annular areas, thinner cone walls, shorter cone heights, and thinner radiating septa. Full width at half maximum trended in the opposite direction as sensitivity for all parameters. There was less error in the depth estimates for less vertical slant angles, smaller annular areas, thinner cone walls, cone heights near 1 cm, and generally thinner radiating septa. Conclusions: A Monte Carlo model was used to demonstrate the feasibility of a CSH collimator design for rapid biopsy application in molecular breast imaging. Specifically, lesion depth of a 1-cm diameter lesion positioned in the center of a typical breast can be estimated with error of less than 2 mm using circumferential count profiles of images acquired in 1 min.

Weinmann, Amanda L.; Hruska, Carrie B.; Conners, Amy L.; O'Connor, Michael K. [Department of Radiology, Mayo Clinic, 200 First Street SW, Rochester, Minnesota 55905 (United States)

2013-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

145

Rotary actuator utilizing a shape memory alloy  

SciTech Connect

An apparatus is described comprising; (a) rotary accumulator means for accumulating a length of a shape memory alloy wire; (b) the shape memory alloy wire attached at one end to a point fixed with respect to the rotary accumulator means and attached at a second end to the rotary accumulator means; (c) biasing means for biasing the rotary accumulator means to a first position; and (d) means for heating the shape memory alloy wire to cause the shape memory alloy wire to contract, thereby rotating the rotary accumulator means from the first position to a second position.

Bloch, J.T.

1988-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

146

Characterization of Shape Memory Alloys: Deformation Behavior  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Feb 28, 2011... expected that NiTi shape memory alloys (SMA) actuators would provide simple and light weight replacements for controlling chevron-shaped...

147

ON EFFICIENTLY COMBINING LIMITED MEMORY AND TRUST ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

... Euclidean norm with an insignificant computational overhead compared with the cost of computing the quasi-Newton direction in line-search limited memory...

148

Determining Memory Use | Argonne Leadership Computing Facility  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Allinea DDT Core File Settings Determining Memory Use Using VNC with a Debugger bgqstack gdb Coreprocessor TotalView on BGQ Systems Performance Tools & APIs Software & Libraries...

149

Exploiting Data Similarity to Reduce Memory Footprints  

SciTech Connect

Memory size has long limited large-scale applications on high-performance computing (HPC) systems. Since compute nodes frequently do not have swap space, physical memory often limits problem sizes. Increasing core counts per chip and power density constraints, which limit the number of DIMMs per node, have exacerbated this problem. Further, DRAM constitutes a significant portion of overall HPC system cost. Therefore, instead of adding more DRAM to the nodes, mechanisms to manage memory usage more efficiently - preferably transparently - could increase effective DRAM capacity and thus the benefit of multicore nodes for HPC systems. MPI application processes often exhibit significant data similarity. These data regions occupy multiple physical locations across the individual rank processes within a multicore node and thus offer a potential savings in memory capacity. These regions, primarily residing in heap, are dynamic, which makes them difficult to manage statically. Our novel memory allocation library, SBLLmalloc, automatically identifies identical memory blocks and merges them into a single copy. SBLLmalloc does not require application or OS changes since we implement it as a user-level library. Overall, we demonstrate that SBLLmalloc reduces the memory footprint of a range of MPI applications by 32.03% on average and up to 60.87%. Further, SBLLmalloc supports problem sizes for IRS over 21.36% larger than using standard memory management techniques, thus significantly increasing effective system size. Similarly, SBLLmalloc requires 43.75% fewer nodes than standard memory management techniques to solve an AMG problem.

Biswas, S; de Supinski, B R; Schulz, M; Franklin, D; Sherwood, T; Chong, F T

2011-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

150

Memory resource management in vmware esx server  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

VMware ESX Server is a thin software layer designed to multiplex hardware resources efficiently among virtual machines running unmodified commodity operating systems. This paper introduces several novel ESX Server mechanisms and policies for managing memory. A ballooning technique reclaims the pages considered least valuable by the operating system running in a virtual machine. An idle memory tax achieves efficient memory utilization while maintaining performance isolation guarantees. Content-based page sharing and hot I/O page remapping exploit transparent page remapping to eliminate redundancy and reduce copying overheads. These techniques are combined to efficiently support virtual machine workloads that overcommit memory. 1

Carl A. Waldspurger

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Memorandum Memorializing Ex Parte Communication - August 12,...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Memorandum Memorializing Ex Parte Communication - August 12, 2011 On August 9, 2011, the Air-Conditioning, Heating and Refrigeration Institute's (AHRI) Unitary Small Engineering...

152

Julian Szekely Memorial Symposium Rental Car Information  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Julian Szekely Memorial Symposium on Materials Processing will be held at the Royal Sonesta Hotel in Cambridge, Massachusetts, October 5-8, 1997.

153

Models on Distributed Memory Architectures  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

5/2004 Y.He 1 5/2004 Y.He 1 MPH: a Library for Coupling Multi-Component Models on Distributed Memory Architectures and its Applications Yun (Helen) He and Chris Ding CRD Division Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory 10/15/2004 Y.He 2 10/15/2004 Y.He 3 Motivation n Application problems grow in scale & complexity n Effective organization of simulation software system that is maintainable, reusable, sharable, and efficient è a major issue n Community Climate System Model (CCSM) development n Software lasts much longer than a computer! 10/15/2004 Y.He 4

154

A DSL approach for object memory management of small devices  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Small devices have a specific hardware configuration. In particular, they usually include several types of memories (typically ROM, internal and external RAM, Flash memory) different in quantities and properties. We propose an object memory management ...

Kevin Marquet; Gilles Grimaud

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Distributed anemone: transparent low-latency access to remote memory  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Performance of large memory applications degrades rapidly once the system hits the physical memory limit and starts paging to local disk. We present the design, implementation and evaluation of Distributed Anemone (Adaptive Network Memory Engine) ...

Michael R. Hines; Jian Wang; Kartik Gopalan

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Shape memory polymer actuator and catheter  

SciTech Connect

An actuator system is provided for acting upon a material in a vessel. The system includes an optical fiber and a shape memory polymer material operatively connected to the optical fiber. The shape memory polymer material is adapted to move from a first shape for moving through said vessel to a second shape where it can act upon said material.

Maitland, Duncan J. (Pleasant Hill, CA); Lee, Abraham P. (Walnut Creek, CA); Schumann, Daniel L. (Concord, CA); Matthews, Dennis L. (Moss Beach, CA); Decker, Derek E. (Byron, CA); Jungreis, Charles A. (Pittsburgh, PA)

2007-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

157

Quantifying Dynamic Stability of Genetic Memory Circuits  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Bistability/Multistability has been found in many biological systems including genetic memory circuits. Proper characterization of system stability helps to understand biological functions and has potential applications in fields such as synthetic biology. ... Keywords: Dynamic stability, genetic memory, gene circuit, dynamic noise margin.

Yong Zhang; Peng Li; Garng Huang

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Memory Fault Modeling Trends: A Case Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In recent years, embedded memories are the fastest growing segment of system on chip. They therefore have a major impact on the overall Defect per Million (DPM). Further, the shrinking technologies and processes introduce new defects that cause previously ... Keywords: data backgrounds, dynamic faults, fault coverage, fault models, memory tests, static faults

Said Hamdioui; Rob Wadsworth; John Delos Reyes; Ad J. Van De Goor

2004-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Optimizing memory accesses for spatial computation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we present the internal representation and optimizations used by the CASH compiler for improving the memory parallelism of pointer-based programs. CASH uses an SSA-based representation for memory, which compactly summarizes both control-flow-and ...

Mihai Budiu; Seth C. Goldstein

2003-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Optimum LDPC decoder: a memory architecture problem  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper addresses a frequently overlooked problem: designing a memory architecture for an LDPC decoder. We analyze the requirements to support the codes defined in the IEEE 802.11n and 802.16e standards. We show a design methodology for a flexible ... Keywords: LDPC codes, low power architectures, memory optimization

Erick Amador; Renaud Pacalet; Vincent Rezard

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "memorial by-way dedication" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Memorial Hospital - NY 0...  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Memorial Hospital - NY 0-16 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: MEMORIAL HOSPITAL (NY.0-16 ) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name:...

162

Crystallographic Boundary in a Magnetic Shape Memory Material  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Home Science Highlights Science Briefs Crystallographic Boundary in a Magnetic Shape Memory Material Crystallographic Boundary in a Magnetic Shape Memory Material Print...

163

Rebuilding it Better: Greensburg, Kansas, Kiowa County Memorial...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

it Better: Greensburg, Kansas, Kiowa County Memorial Hospital (Brochure) (Revised) Rebuilding it Better: Greensburg, Kansas, Kiowa County Memorial Hospital (Brochure) (Revised)...

164

Improving Organizational Memories Through User Feedback  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The benefits of an organizational memory are ultimately determined by the usefulness of the organizational memory as perceived by its users. Therefore, an improvement of an organizational memory should be measured in the added perceived usefulness. Unfortunately, the perceived usefulness has many impact factors (e.g., the precision of the user query, the urgency with which the user needs information, the coverage of the underlying knowledge base, the quality of the schema used to store knowledge, and the quality of the implementation). Hence, it is difficult to identify good starting points for improvement. This paper presents the goal-oriented method OMI (Organizational Memory Improvement) for improving an organizational memory incrementally from the user's point of view. It has been developed through several case studies and consists of a general usage model, a set of indicators for improvement potential, and a cause-effect model. At each step of the general usage model of OMI, pro...

Klaus-Dieter Althoff; Markus Nick; Carsten Tautz

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

A Quantum Information Retrieval Approach to Memory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As computers approach the physical limits of information storable in memory, new methods will be needed to further improve information storage and retrieval. We propose a quantum inspired vector based approach, which offers a contextually dependent mapping from the subsymbolic to the symbolic representations of information. If implemented computationally, this approach would provide exceptionally high density of information storage, without the traditionally required physical increase in storage capacity. The approach is inspired by the structure of human memory and incorporates elements of Gardenfors' Conceptual Space approach and Humphreys et al.'s matrix model of memory.

Kirsty Kitto; Peter Bruza; Liane Gabora

2013-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

166

Crystallographic attributes of a shape-memory alloy  

SciTech Connect

Shape-memory alloys are attractive for many potential applications. In an attempt to provide ideas and guidelines for the development of new shape-memory alloys, this paper reports on a series of investigations that examine the reasons in the crystallography that made (i) shape-memory alloys special amongst martensites and (ii) Nickel-Titanium special among shape-memory alloys.

Bhattacharya, K. [California Inst. of Tech., Pasadena, CA (United States). Div. of Engineering and Applied Science

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

L6: Memory Hierarchy Optimization III, Bandwidth Optimization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

wherever there are capacity limitations ­ Between grids if total data exceeds global memory capacity will "spill" data to local memory · Local memory ­ Deals with capacity limitations of registers and shared ­ Across thread blocks if shared data exceeds shared memory capacity (also to partition computation across

Hall, Mary W.

168

Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

explicit and implicit tests of memory (for reviews, see Graf & Masson, 1993; Lewandosky, Dunn, & Kirsner

Shimamura, Arthur P.

169

Persistent systems techniques in forensic acquisition of memory  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we discuss how operating system design and implementation influence the methodology for computer forensics investigations, with the focus on forensic acquisition of memory. In theory the operating system could support such investigations ... Keywords: Computer forensics, Memory acquisition, Memory forensics, Memory persistence, Persistent operating systems

Ewa Huebner; Derek Bem; Frans Henskens; Mark Wallis

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Memory energy management for an enterprise decision support system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Energy efficiency is an important factor in designing and configuring enterprise servers. In these servers, memory may consume 40% of the total system power. Different memory configurations (sizes, numbers of ranks, speeds, etc.) can have significant ... Keywords: memory power management, power-aware memory

Karthik Kumar; Kshitij Doshi; Martin Dimitrov; Yung-Hsiang Lu

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Architecting phase change memory as a scalable dram alternative  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Memory scaling is in jeopardy as charge storage and sensing mechanisms become less reliable for prevalent memory technologies, such as DRAM. In contrast, phase change memory (PCM) storage relies on scalable current and thermal mechanisms. To exploit ... Keywords: dram alternative, endurance, energy, pcm, performance, phase change memory, power, scalability

Benjamin C. Lee; Engin Ipek; Onur Mutlu; Doug Burger

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Cork: dynamic memory leak detection for garbage-collected languages  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A memory leak in a garbage-collected program occurs when the program inadvertently maintains references to objects that it no longer needs. Memory leaks cause systematic heap growth, degrading performance and resulting in program crashes after ... Keywords: dynamic, garbage collection, memory leak detection, memory leaks, runtime analysis

Maria Jump; Kathryn S. McKinley

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Characterizing the Memory Behavior of Compiler-Parallelized Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

AbstractCompiler-parallelized applications are increasing in importance as moderate-scale multiprocessors become common. This paper evaluates how features of advanced memory systems (e.g., longer cache lines) impact memory system behavior for applications ... Keywords: Parallelizing compilers, memory hierarchies, shared-memory multiprocessors, cache performance, false and true sharing, parallelism granularity.

Evan Torrie; Margaret Martonosi; Chau-Wen Tseng; Mary W. Hall

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Dynamic tracking of page miss ratio curve for memory management  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Memory can be efficiently utilized if the dynamic memory demands of applications can be determined and analyzed at run-time. The page miss ratio curve(MRC), i.e. page miss rate vs. memory size curve, is a good performance-directed metric to serve this ... Keywords: memory management, power management, resource allocation

Pin Zhou; Vivek Pandey; Jagadeesan Sundaresan; Anand Raghuraman; Yuanyuan Zhou; Sanjeev Kumar

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Shared Memory Programming in Metacomputing Environments: The Global Array Approach  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The performance of the Global Array shared-memory nonuniform memory-access programming model is explored in a wide-area-network (WAN) distributed supercomputer environment. The Global Array model is extended by introducing a concept of mirrored arrays ... Keywords: Metacomputing, NUMA memory architecture, distributed arrays, global arrays, shared-memory programming

Jarek Nieplocha; Robert Harrison

1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

On Working Memory: Its organization and capacity limits  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

64 iii 6.2 Working memory capacity10 1.4 Capacity limits of workingcapacity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Lara, Antonio Homero

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Aho-Corasick String Matching on Shared and Distributed Memory Parallel Architectures  

SciTech Connect

String matching is at the core of many critical applications, including network intrusion detection systems, search engines, virus scanners, spam filters, DNA and protein sequencing, and data mining. For all of these applications string matching requires a combination of (sometimes all) the following characteristics: high and/or predictable performance, support for large data sets and flexibility of integration and customization. Many software based implementations targeting conventional cache-based microprocessors fail to achieve high and predictable performance requirements, while Field-Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) implementations and dedicated hardware solutions fail to support large data sets (dictionary sizes) and are difficult to integrate and customize. The advent of multicore, multithreaded, and GPU-based systems is opening the possibility for software based solutions to reach very high performance at a sustained rate. This paper compares several software-based implementations of the Aho-Corasick string searching algorithm for high performance systems. We discuss the implementation of the algorithm on several types of shared-memory high-performance architectures (Niagara 2, large x86 SMPs and Cray XMT), distributed memory with homogeneous processing elements (InfiniBand cluster of x86 multicores) and heterogeneous processing elements (InfiniBand cluster of x86 multicores with NVIDIA Tesla C10 GPUs). We describe in detail how each solution achieves the objectives of supporting large dictionaries, sustaining high performance, and enabling customization and flexibility using various data sets.

Tumeo, Antonino; Villa, Oreste; Chavarra-Miranda, Daniel

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Why Has the Land Memory Changed?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The land memory refers to an interseasonal predictability of the summer monsoon rainfall in the southwestern United States, describing a relationship of the summer monsoon rainfall anomaly with anomalies in the antecedent winter season snow and ...

Qi Hu; Song Feng

2004-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

The Neural Substrate of Orientation Working Memory  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We have used positron emission tomography (PET) to identify the neural substrate of two major cognitive components of working memory (WM), maintenance and manipulation of a single elementary visual attribute, i.e., the orientation of a grating presented ...

L. Cornette; P. Dupont; E. Salmon; Guy A. Orban

2001-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

30 days to a more powerful memory  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

With phones ringing off the hook, constantly changing to-do lists, and increasingly complicated schedules, having a good memory has become more important than ever. Drawing on the latest research from cognitive experts and psychologists, 30 Days to a ...

Gini Scott

2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "memorial by-way dedication" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Revisiting parallel rendering for shared memory machines  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Increasing the core count of CPUs to increase computational performance has been a significant trend for the better part of a decade. This has led to an unprecedented availability of large shared memory machines. Programming paradigms and systems are ...

B. Nouanesengsy; J. Ahrens; J. Woodring; H. Shen

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Commercialization of germanium based nanocrystal memory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis explores the commercialization of germanium-based nanocrystal memories. Demand for smaller and faster electronics and embedded systems supports the development of high-density, low-power non-volatile electronic ...

Seow, Kian Chiew

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

A strategy of memory : Suzhou, China  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The thesis is trying to establish a strategy of memory for the urban preservation of old cities, like Suzhou, within the context of the rapid growing economy in Southern China. The general attitude towards the problem ...

Chang, Ping Hung

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Cultural differences on the children's memory scale  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Memory is an essential component for learning. Deficits in verbal short-term memory (STM) and working memory (WM) are thought to hinder language learning, reading acquisition, and academic achievement. The Childrens Memory Scale (CMS) is an assessment instrument used to identify memory and learning deficits and strengths in children ages five through 16. This study investigated the impact of culture and parent educational level (PEL) on student performance on the Childrens Memory Scale using the CMS standardization data. The major question addressed was: Will CMS subtest performance differ significantly between ethnic groups or as a function of PEL? The results of this study support a relationship between STM and WM performance and culture. Culture as defined by ethnicity minimally impacted student subtest performance on the CMS when PEL was taken into account. In contrast, PEL was significantly associated with student subtest performance within each ethnic group. Student subtest performance improved with each increase in PEL regardless of ethnicity. CMS subtest performance of Hispanic and African American students was most affected by PEL; however, no difference occurred in subtest performance by ethnicity or as a function of PEL for African American and Hispanic students on the Family Pictures subtest which examines visual and auditory memory processes through recall of everyday life tasks in meaningful context. Although statistical significance was found between CMS subtest performance and cultural factors, the effect sizes were mainly in the small range and variance was not specific to any one subtest. Larger effect sizes were found on verbal subtests which in previous studies have been found to be most impacted by quality of schooling and lower PELs. Mean score differences did not exceed one standard deviation with the exception of one subtest. The results of this study provide a better understanding of the effect of culture and PEL on memory and learning.

Cash, Deborah Dyer

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Distributed trace using central performance counter memory  

SciTech Connect

A plurality of processing cores, are central storage unit having at least memory connected in a daisy chain manner, forming a daisy chain ring layout on an integrated chip. At least one of the plurality of processing cores places trace data on the daisy chain connection for transmitting the trace data to the central storage unit, and the central storage unit detects the trace data and stores the trace data in the memory co-located in with the central storage unit.

Satterfield, David L.; Sexton, James C.

2013-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

186

Distributed trace using central performance counter memory  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A plurality of processing cores, are central storage unit having at least memory connected in a daisy chain manner, forming a daisy chain ring layout on an integrated chip. At least one of the plurality of processing cores places trace data on the daisy chain connection for transmitting the trace data to the central storage unit, and the central storage unit detects the trace data and stores the trace data in the memory co-located in with the central storage unit.

Satterfield, David L; Sexton, James C

2013-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

187

Hardware assembly and prototype testing for the development of a dedicated liquefied propane gas ultra low emission vehicle  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

On February 3, 1994, IMPCO Technologies, Inc. started the development of a dedicated LPG Ultra Low Emissions Vehicle (ULEV) under contract to the Midwest Research Institute National Renewable Energy Laboratory Division (NREL). The objective was to develop a dedicated propane vehicle that would meet or exceed the California ULEV emissions standards. The project is broken into four phases to be performed over a two year period. The four phases of the project include: (Phase 1) system design, (Phase 2) prototype hardware assembly and testing, (Phase 3) full-scale systems testing and integration, (Phase 4) vehicle demonstration. This report describes the approach taken for the development of the vehicle and the work performed through the completion of Phase II dynamometer test results. Work was started on Phase 2 (Hardware Assembly and Prototype Testing) in May 1994 prior to completion of Phase 1 to ensure that long lead items would be available in a timely fashion for the Phase 2 work. In addition, the construction and testing of the interim electronic control module (ECM), which was used to test components, was begun prior to the formal start of Phase 2. This was done so that the shortened revised schedule for the project (24 months) could be met. In this report, a brief summary of the activities of each combined Phase 1 and 2 tasks will be presented, as well as project management activities. A technical review of the system is also given, along with test results and analysis. During the course of Phase 2 activities, IMPCO staff also had the opportunity to conduct cold start performance tests of the injectors. The additional test data was most positive and will be briefly summarized in this report.

NONE

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Memory access scheduling and binding considering energy minimization in multi-bank memory systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Memory-related activity is one of the major sources of energy consumption in embedded systems. Many types of memories used in embedded systems allow multiple operating modes (e.g., active, standby, nap, power-down) to facilitate energy saving. Furthermore, ... Keywords: binding, low energy design, scheduling

Chun-Gi Lyuh; Taewhan Kim

2004-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Shape memory system with integrated actuation using embedded particles  

SciTech Connect

A shape memory material with integrated actuation using embedded particles. One embodiment provides a shape memory material apparatus comprising a shape memory material body and magnetic pieces in the shape memory material body. Another embodiment provides a method of actuating a device to perform an activity on a subject comprising the steps of positioning a shape memory material body in a desired position with regard to the subject, the shape memory material body capable of being formed in a specific primary shape, reformed into a secondary stable shape, and controllably actuated to recover the specific primary shape; including pieces in the shape memory material body; and actuating the shape memory material body using the pieces causing the shape memory material body to be controllably actuated to recover the specific primary shape and perform the activity on the subject.

Buckley, Patrick R. (New York, NY); Maitland, Duncan J. (Pleasant Hill, CA)

2009-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

190

Shape memory system with integrated actuation using embedded particles  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A shape memory material with integrated actuation using embedded particles. One embodiment provides a shape memory material apparatus comprising a shape memory material body and magnetic pieces in the shape memory material body. Another embodiment provides a method of actuating a device to perform an activity on a subject comprising the steps of positioning a shape memory material body in a desired position with regard to the subject, the shape memory material body capable of being formed in a specific primary shape, reformed into a secondary stable shape, and controllably actuated to recover the specific primary shape; including pieces in the shape memory material body; and actuating the shape memory material body using the pieces causing the shape memory material body to be controllably actuated to recover the specific primary shape and perform the activity on the subject.

Buckley, Patrick R. (New York, NY); Maitland, Duncan J. (Pleasant Hill, CA)

2012-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

191

Compile-Time Compaction Of Traces For Memory Simulation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis examines compile-time compaction of program execution traces. It presents a new method for compacting traces for memory simulation. Further, it describes a tool prototype that implements the method. Experiments with the tool prototype show that the new method reduces the time needed in simulating the operation of memories. Memory simulation is needed in the performance analysis and in the design of programs. In high performance applications, the data transfer between different layers of memory is one of the main bottlenecks. A program execution trace is a list of memory references. Using traces as simulation inputs is a flexible way of analyzing the memory perfor...

Vesa Hirvisalo; Vesa Hirvisalo; Dr. Tech Esko Nuutila

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

The capacity of hybrid quantum memory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The general stable quantum memory unit is a hybrid consisting of a classical digit with a quantum digit (qudit) assigned to each classical state. The shape of the memory is the vector of sizes of these qudits, which may differ. We determine when N copies of a quantum memory A embed in N(1+o(1)) copies of another quantum memory B. This relationship captures the notion that B is as at least as useful as A for all purposes in the bulk limit. We show that the embeddings exist if and only if for all p >= 1, the p-norm of the shape of A does not exceed the p-norm of the shape of B. The log of the p-norm of the shape of A can be interpreted as the maximum of S(\\rho) + H(\\rho)/p (quantum entropy plus discounted classical entropy) taken over all mixed states \\rho on A. We also establish a noiseless coding theorem that justifies these entropies. The noiseless coding theorem and the bulk embedding theorem together say that either A blindly bulk-encodes into B with perfect fidelity, or A admits a state that does not visibly bulk-encode into B with high fidelity. In conclusion, the utility of a hybrid quantum memory is determined by its simultaneous capacity for classical and quantum entropy, which is not a finite list of numbers, but rather a convex region in the classical-quantum entropy plane.

Greg Kuperberg

2002-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

193

Organic Data Memory using the DNA Approach  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A data preservation problem looms large behind today's information superhighway. During the prehistoric age, humans preserved their knowledge by engraving bones and rocks. About two millenniums ago, people invented paper and started writing and publishing. In today?s electronic age, we use magnetic media and silicon chips to store our data. But bones and rocks erode, paper disintegrates, and electronic memory simply loses its contents into thin air. All these storage media require constant attention to maintain their information content. All of them can easily be destroyed intentionally or accidentally by people or natural disasters. With the large amount of information generated by our society every day, it is time to think of a new generation of data memory. In an effort to search for an inexpensive and lasting data memory, scientists at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) have investigated the use of deoxyribonucleic acid--commonly known as DNA--as an information storage medium since 1998. The ambitious goal is to develop a data memory technology that has a life expectancy much longer than any of the existing ones. The creation of our initial DNA memory prototype consists of four major steps: encoding meaningful information as artificial DNA sequences, transforming the sequences to living organisms, allowing the organisms to grow and multiply, and eventually extracting the information back from the organisms. This article describes the objective of our investigation, followed by a brief description of our recent experiments and several potential applications being considered at PNNL.

Wong, Pak C.; Wong, Kwong K.; Foote, Harlan P.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Commercial Grade Dedication Guidance  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

in the plant (e.g., temperature, humidity, radiation, seismic response spectra). EPRI Report NP-6046S, "Guidelines for Technical Evaluation of Replacement of Items in Nuclear...

195

Memorandum Memorializing Ex Parte Communication, DOE impending  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Memorandum Memorializing Ex Parte Communication, DOE impending Memorandum Memorializing Ex Parte Communication, DOE impending determination of coverage for commercial and industrial fans, blowers, and fume hoods. Memorandum Memorializing Ex Parte Communication, DOE impending determination of coverage for commercial and industrial fans, blowers, and fume hoods. The meeting was requested by AMCA International to introduce the association's leadership, standards, and experience in developing fan standards to DOE; to learn more about the DOE process for developing regulations for fan efficiency standards; and to inform DOE on how commercial and industrial fan markets work. AMCA_Ex_Parte.pdf More Documents & Publications DOE-STD-1168-2013 DOE Meeting Memorandum: Ex Parte Communications Independent Oversight Review, Savannah River Site - August 2011

196

REMEM: REmote MEMory as Checkpointing Storage  

SciTech Connect

Checkpointing is a widely used mechanism for supporting fault tolerance, but notorious in its high-cost disk access. The idea of memory-based checkpointing has been extensively studied in research but made little success in practice due to its complexity and potential reliability concerns. In this study we present the design and implementation of REMEM, a REmote MEMory checkpointing system to extend the checkpointing storage from disk to remote memory. A unique feature of REMEM is that it can be integrated into existing disk-based checkpointing systems seamlessly. A user can flexibly switch between REMEM and disk as checkpointing storage to balance the efficiency and reliability. The implementation of REMEM on Open MPI is also introduced. The experimental results confirm that REMEM and the proposed adaptive checkpointing storage selection are promising in both performance, reliability and scalability.

Jin, Hui [Illinois Institute of Technology; Sun, Xian-He [Illinois Institute of Technology; Chen, Yong [ORNL; Ke, Tao [Illinois Institute of Technology

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Profile Guided Load Marking for Memory Renaming  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Memory operations remain a significant bottleneck in dynamically scheduled pipelined processors, due in part to the inability to statically determine the existence of memory address dependencies. Hardware memory renaming techniques have been proposed which predict which stores a load might be dependent upon. These prediction techniques can be used to speculatively forward a value from a predicted store dependency to a load through a value prediction table; however, these techniques require large and time-consuming hardware tables. In this paper we propose a software-guided approach for identifying dependencies between store and load instructions and the Load Marking (LM) architecture to communicate these dependencies to the hardware. Compiler analysis and profiles are used to find important store/load relationships, and these relationships are identified during execution via hints or an n-bit tag. For those loads that are not marked for renaming, we then use additional profiling inform...

Glenn Reinman; Brad Calder; Dean Tullsen; Gary Tyson; Todd Austin

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Home-based Shared Virtual Memory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this dissertation, I investigate how to improve the performance of shared virtual memory (SVM) by examining consistency models, protocols, hardware support and applications. The main conclusion of this research is that the performance of shared virtual memory can be significantly improved when performance-enhancing techniques from all these areas are combined. This dissertation proposes home-based lazy release consistency as a simple, effective, and scalable way to build shared virtual memory systems. In home-based protocols each shared page has a home to which all writes are propagated and from which all copies are derived. Two home-based protocols are described, implemented and evaluated on two hardware and software platforms: Automatic Update Release Consistency (AURC), which requires hardware support for fine-grained remote writes (automatic updates), and Homebased Lazy Release Consistency (HLRC), which is implemented exclusively in software. The dissertation investigates the ...

Liviu Iftode

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

DIODE STEERED MANGETIC-CORE MEMORY  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A word-arranged magnetic-core memory is designed for use in a digital computer utilizing the reverse or back current property of the semi-conductor diodes to restore the information in the memory after read-out. In order to ob tain a read-out signal from a magnetic core storage unit, it is necessary to change the states of some of the magnetic cores. In order to retain the information in the memory after read-out it is then necessary to provide a means to return the switched cores to their states before read-out. A rewrite driver passes a pulse back through each row of cores in which some switching has taken place. This pulse combines with the reverse current pulses of diodes for each column in which a core is switched during read-out to cause the particular cores to be switched back into their states prior to read-out. (AEC)

Melmed, A.S.; Shevlin, R.T.; Laupheimer, R.

1962-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

200

Memory device using movement of protons  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An electrically written memory element utilizing the motion of protons within a dielectric layer surrounded by layers on either side to confine the protons within the dielectric layer with electrode means attached to the surrounding layers to change the spatial position of the protons within the dielectric layer. The device is preferably constructed as a silicon-silicon dioxide-silicon layered structure with the protons being introduced to the structure laterally through the exposed edges of the silicon dioxide layer during a high temperature anneal in an atmosphere containing hydrogen gas. The device operates at low power, is preferably nonvolatile, is radiation tolerant, and is compatible with convention silicon MOS processing for integration with other microelectronic elements on the same silicon substrate. With the addition of an optically active layer, the memory element becomes an electrically written, optically read optical memory element.

Warren, William L. (Albuquerque, NM); Vanheusden, Karel J. R. (Albuquerque, NM); Fleetwood, Daniel M. (Albuquerque, NM); Devine, Roderick A. B. (St. Martin le Vinoux, FR)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "memorial by-way dedication" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

MR-Guided High-Intensity Focused Ultrasound Ablation of Breast Cancer with a Dedicated Breast Platform  

SciTech Connect

Optimizing the treatment of breast cancer remains a major topic of interest. In current clinical practice, breast-conserving therapy is the standard of care for patients with localized breast cancer. Technological developments have fueled interest in less invasive breast cancer treatment. Magnetic resonance-guided high-intensity focused ultrasound (MR-HIFU) is a completely noninvasive ablation technique. Focused beams of ultrasound are used for ablation of the target lesion without disrupting the skin and subcutaneous tissues in the beam path. MRI is an excellent imaging method for tumor targeting, treatment monitoring, and evaluation of treatment results. The combination of HIFU and MR imaging offers an opportunity for image-guided ablation of breast cancer. Previous studies of MR-HIFU in breast cancer patients reported a limited efficacy, which hampered the clinical translation of this technique. These prior studies were performed without an MR-HIFU system specifically developed for breast cancer treatment. In this article, a novel and dedicated MR-HIFU breast platform is presented. This system has been designed for safe and effective MR-HIFU ablation of breast cancer. Furthermore, both clinical and technical challenges are discussed, which have to be solved before MR-HIFU ablation of breast cancer can be implemented in routine clinical practice.

Merckel, Laura G., E-mail: L.G.Merckel-2@umcutrecht.nl [University Medical Center Utrecht, Department of Radiology (Netherlands); Bartels, Lambertus W., E-mail: W.Bartels@umcutrecht.nl [University Medical Center Utrecht, Image Sciences Institute (Netherlands); Koehler, Max O., E-mail: max.kohler@philips.com [Philips Healthcare (Finland); Bongard, H. J. G. Desiree van den, E-mail: D.vandenBongard@umcutrecht.nl [University Medical Center Utrecht, Department of Radiotherapy (Netherlands); Deckers, Roel, E-mail: R.Deckers-2@umcutrecht.nl [University Medical Center Utrecht, Image Sciences Institute (Netherlands)] [University Medical Center Utrecht, Image Sciences Institute (Netherlands); Mali, Willem P. Th. M., E-mail: W.Mali@umcutrecht.nl [University Medical Center Utrecht, Department of Radiology (Netherlands); Binkert, Christoph A., E-mail: Christoph.Binkert@ksw.ch [Cantonal Hospital Winterthur, Department of Radiology (Switzerland); Moonen, Chrit T., E-mail: C.Moonen@umcutrecht.nl [University Medical Center Utrecht, Image Sciences Institute (Netherlands); Gilhuijs, Kenneth G. A., E-mail: K.G.A.Gilhuijs@umcutrecht.nl; Bosch, Maurice A. A. J. van den, E-mail: mbosch@umcutrecht.nl [University Medical Center Utrecht, Department of Radiology (Netherlands)

2013-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

202

Estimating Local Memory of Tropical Cyclones through MPI Anomaly Evolution  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study examines the local memory of atmospheric and oceanic changes associated with a tropical cyclone (TC). The memory is quantified through anomalous maximum potential intensity (MPI) evolution for 20 days prior to the arrival of a TC ...

Robert E. Hart; Ryan N. Maue; Michael C. Watson

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Speedy transactions in multicore in-memory databases  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Silo is a new in-memory database that achieves excellent performance and scalability on modern multicore machines. Silo was designed from the ground up to use system memory and caches efficiently. For instance, it avoids all centralized contention points, ...

Stephen Tu, Wenting Zheng, Eddie Kohler, Barbara Liskov, Samuel Madden

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Design and Implementation of High Speed Memory in 130 nm  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper deals with the design and analysis of high speed SRAM memory using ATD (Address Transition Detector) technique in 130 nm with the capacitive load of the memory is 5pF

Sampath Kumar; Arti Noor; Sanjay Kr. Singh

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Dynamic Memory Optimization using Pool Allocation and Prefetching  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Heap memory allocation plays an important role in modern applications. Conventional heap allocators, however, generally ignore the underlying memory hierarchy of the system, favoring instead a low runtime overhead and fast ...

Zhao, Qin

206

Clotho: decoupling memory page layout from storage organization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As database application performance depends on the utilization of the memory hierarchy, smart data placement plays a central role in increasing locality and in improving memory utilization. Existing techniques, however, do not optimize accesses to all ...

Minglong Shao; Jiri Schindler; Steven W. Schlosser; Anastassia Ailamaki; Gregory R. Ganger

2004-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Teapot: language support for writing memory coherence protocols  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recent shared-memory parallel computer systems offer the exciting possibility of customizing memory coherence protocols to fit an application's semantics and sharing patterns. Custom protocols have been used to achieve message-passing performance---while ...

Satish Chandra; Brad Richards; James R. Larus

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Intellectual property strategy : analysis of the flash memory industry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis studies the intellectual property strategy of companies in the flash memory industry, with special emphasis on technology and the development of nitride-based flash, a new and emerging type of memory technology. ...

Ogura, Tomoko H

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

THE FOUNDATION, INC. THE ALLEN SHACKELFORD AIFD MEMORIAL SCHOLARSHIP FUND  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

THE FOUNDATION, INC. THE ALLEN SHACKELFORD AIFD MEMORIAL SCHOLARSHIP FUND THE EULALAH OVERMEYER of an application for scholarship under The Allen Shackelford AIFD Memorial Scholarship Fund, The Eulalah Overmeyer

Schweik, Charles M.

210

Shape Memory Behavior of Heat Treated Ni60Ti40 (wt%)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About this Abstract. Meeting, Materials Science & Technology 2011. Symposium, Shape Memory Alloys. Presentation Title, Shape Memory Behavior of Heat...

211

Precipitate Phases in Several High Temperature Shape Memory ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About this Abstract. Meeting, Materials Science & Technology 2011. Symposium, Shape Memory Alloys. Presentation Title, Precipitate Phases in Several High...

212

Physical and Mechanical Metallurgy of Shape Memory Alloys for ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About this Symposium. Meeting, 2011 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition. Symposium, Physical and Mechanical Metallurgy of Shape Memory Alloys for Actuator...

213

Societal Implicit Memory and his Speed on Tracking Extrema in ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of emergent adaptive memory, cooperative learning and perception ..... comparison purposes, we plotted bold curves for static Ackley functions with respective...

214

Improving the Performance of Software Distributed Shared Memory with Speculation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in a release consistent software distributed shared memory system. We propose a new protocol, Speculative Home-based

Alvisi, Lorenzo

215

Review of Commercial Grade Dedication Plans for the Safety Instrumented System at the Savannah River Site Waste Solidification Building Project, August 2011  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Review of Review of Commercial Grade Dedication Plans for the Safety Instrumented System at the Savannah River Site Waste Solidification Building Project May 2011 August 2011 Office of Safety and Emergency Management Evaluations Office of Health, Safety and Security U.S. Department of Energy i Table of Contents 1.0 Purpose ................................................................................................................................................... 1 2.0 Scope ...................................................................................................................................................... 1 3.0 Background ............................................................................................................................................ 2

216

Review of Commercial Grade Dedication Plans for the Safety Instrumented System at the Savannah River Site Waste Solidification Building Project, August 2011  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Review of Review of Commercial Grade Dedication Plans for the Safety Instrumented System at the Savannah River Site Waste Solidification Building Project May 2011 August 2011 Office of Safety and Emergency Management Evaluations Office of Health, Safety and Security U.S. Department of Energy i Table of Contents 1.0 Purpose ................................................................................................................................................... 1 2.0 Scope ...................................................................................................................................................... 1 3.0 Background ............................................................................................................................................ 2

217

Duke Recreation and Physical Education serves thousands of students, faculty, and staff who are dedicated to health and wellness. Improving our facilities will provide modern,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

are dedicated to health and wellness. Improving our facilities will provide modern, ample spaces and equipment for the entire Duke community to enjoy. Only a few members of the Duke community ever hear a stadium roar space will dramatically increase the time sport clubs and intramurals can have field access, ensuring

Ferrari, Silvia

218

The nature of the working memory system underlying language processing and its relationship to the long-term memory system  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis examines two questions concerning the working memory system underlying language processing: (1) To what extent is the working memory system underlying language processing domain-specific? and (2) What is the ...

Fedorenko, Evelina Georgievna

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Direct match data flow memory for data driven computing  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A data flow computer and method of computing is disclosed which utilizes a data driven processor node architecture. The apparatus in a preferred embodiment includes a plurality of First-In-First-Out (FIFO) registers, a plurality of related data flow memories, and a processor. The processor makes the necessary calculations and includes a control unit to generate signals to enable the appropriate FIFO register receiving the result. In a particular embodiment, there are three FIFO registers per node: an input FIFO register to receive input information form an outside source and provide it to the data flow memories; an output FIFO register to provide output information from the processor to an outside recipient; and an internal FIFO register to provide information from the processor back to the data flow memories. The data flow memories are comprised of four commonly addressed memories. A parameter memory holds the A and B parameters used in the calculations; an opcode memory holds the instruction; a target memory holds the output address; and a tag memory contains status bits for each parameter. One status bit indicates whether the corresponding parameter is in the parameter memory and one status bit to indicate whether the stored information in the corresponding data parameter is to be reused. The tag memory outputs a "fire" signal (signal R VALID) when all of the necessary information has been stored in the data flow memories, and thus when the instruction is ready to be fired to the processor.

Davidson, George S. (8516 San Francisco NE., Albuquerque, NM 87109); Grafe, Victor Gerald (1909 Saturn Ct. NE., Albuquerque, NM 87112)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Performance implications of fence-based memory models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Most mainstream shared-memory parallel programming languages are converging to a memory model, or shared variable semantics, centered on providing sequential consistency for most data-race-free programs. OpenMP, along with a small number of other languages, ... Keywords: OpenMP, atomic operations, critical sections, fences, locks, memory model

Hans-J. Boehm

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "memorial by-way dedication" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Guide wire extension for shape memory polymer occlusion removal devices  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A flexible extension for a shape memory polymer occlusion removal device. A shape memory polymer instrument is transported through a vessel via a catheter. A flexible elongated unit is operatively connected to the distal end of the shape memory polymer instrument to enhance maneuverability through tortuous paths en route to the occlusion.

Maitland, Duncan J. (Pleasant Hill, CA); Small, IV, Ward (Livermore, CA); Hartman, Jonathan (Sacramento, CA)

2009-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

222

Better I/O through byte-addressable, persistent memory  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Modern computer systems have been built around the assumption that persistent storage is accessed via a slow, block-based interface. However, new byte-addressable, persistent memory technologies such as phase change memory (PCM) offer fast, fine-grained ... Keywords: file systems, performance, phase change memory

Jeremy Condit; Edmund B. Nightingale; Christopher Frost; Engin Ipek; Benjamin Lee; Doug Burger; Derrick Coetzee

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Energy Efficient Proactive Thermal Management in Memory Subsystem  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy Efficient Proactive Thermal Management in Memory Subsystem Raid Ayoub rayoub management of memory subsystem is challenging due to performance and thermal constraints. Big energy gains appreciable energy savings in memory sub-system and mini- mize thermal problems. We adopt the consolidation

Simunic, Tajana

224

Quantum interference of electromagnetic fields from remote quantum memories  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We observe quantum, Hong-Ou-Mandel, interference of fields produced by two remote atomic memories. High-visibility interference is obtained by utilizing the finite atomic memory time in four-photon delayed coincidence measurements. Interference of fields from remote atomic memories is a crucial element in protocols for scalable generation of multi-node remote qubit entanglement.

T. Chaneliere; D. N. Matsukevich; S. D. Jenkins; S. -Y. Lan; R. Zhao; T. A. B. Kennedy; A. Kuzmich

2006-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

225

Nonlinear quantization on Hebbian-type associative memories  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Hebbian-type associative memory is characterized by its simple architecture. However, the hardware implementation of Hebbian-type associative memories is normally complicated when there are a huge number of patterns stored. To simplify the interconnection ... Keywords: Hebbian-type associative memory, Interconnection, Neuron, Nonlinear quantization, Probability of direct convergence

Chishyan Liaw; Ching-Tsorng Tsai; Chao-Hui Ko

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Self-Optimizing Memory Controllers: A Reinforcement Learning Approach  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Efficiently utilizing off-chip DRAM bandwidth is a critical issuein designing cost-effective, high-performance chip multiprocessors(CMPs). Conventional memory controllers deliver relativelylow performance in part because they often employ fixed,rigid ... Keywords: Chip Multiprocessors, Memory Systems, Memory Controller, Machine Learning, Reinforcement Learning

Engin Ipek; Onur Mutlu; Jos F. Martnez; Rich Caruana

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Buffer memory optimization for video codec application modeled in Simulink  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Reduction of the on-chip memory size is a key issue in video codec system design. Because video codec applications involve complex algorithms that are both data-intensive and control-dependent, memory optimization based on global and precise analysis ... Keywords: Simulink, memory size reduction, video codec application

Sang-Il Han; Xavier Guerin; Soo-Ik Chae; Ahmed A. Jerraya

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

A memory aid with remote communication using distributed technology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Electronic memory aids have been used successfully to give reminders to individuals with memory problems. These aids usually present short action reminders that are acknowledged by the user. The recent enhancement of handheld computers with wireless ... Keywords: Elderly, Memory-impaired users, Personal digital assistant, Remote communication

Andrea Szymkowiak; Kenny Morrison; Peter Gregor; Prveen Shah; J. Evans; A. Wilson

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Predicting locality phases for dynamic memory optimization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Dynamic data, cache, and memory adaptation can significantly improve program performance when they are applied on long continuous phases of execution that have dynamic but predictable locality. To support phase-based adaptation, this paper defines the ... Keywords: Dynamic optimization, Locality analysis and optimization, Phase hierarchy, Program phase prediction, Reconfigurable architecture

Xipeng Shen; Yutao Zhong; Chen Ding

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

A Memory Efficient 3-D DWT Architecture  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper proposes a memory efficientreal-time 3-D DWT algorithm and its architectural implementation. As the running JD-DWT refreshes the wavelet coefficients with the arrival of every two newframes, the latency of the conventional 3D-DWT reduces by ...

B. Das; Swapna Banerjee

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Memory in the system: trajectory-environment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the paper the memory effect in the system consisting from a trajectory of process and an environment is considered. The environment is presented by scalar potential and noise. The evolution of system is interpreted as process of the continuous "measurement" of a trajectory by an environment and\\or on the contrary. In this sense the measured value is entropy-the information about embedding of the trajectory into configurations space. The concepts "measurement" and "interaction" are identified alike in quantum theory. Thus, the entropy evolution is not only the effect of dynamics, but also its cause, if it is possible to speak about causality in this case. It is shown, that such non-elastic interaction leads to occurrence of memory in the system. The reflex memory mechanism is realized as a real conformal dynamic metrics. The metastable event (attractor) is defined and time of its life is estimated. It is shown, that in the system there is a change of dynamic modes from spatial localization to random walk (fluctuation, relaxation). On scale of the attractors dynamics the memory is appearing as a semi-regular (in some information sense) drift of the image of fluctuations in a power spectrum of environment to absolute minimum. The latter properties (topological convergence) attract the attention to algorithmic aspect of a considered system.

Maxim Budaev

2007-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

232

Evaluating operating system vulnerability to memory errors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Reliability is of great concern to the scalability of extreme-scale systems. Of particular concern are soft errors in main memory, which are a leading cause of failures on current systems and are predicted to be the leading cause on future systems. While ... Keywords: DRAM failures, fault-tolerance, operating systems

Kurt B. Ferreira; Kevin Pedretti; Ron Brightwell; Patrick G. Bridges; David Fiala; Frank Mueller

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

A performance study of memory consistency models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recent advances in technology are such that the speed of processors is increasing faster than memory latency is decreasing. Therefore the relative cost of a cache miss is becoming more important. However, the full cost of a cache miss need not be paid ...

Richard N. Zucker; Jean-Loup Baer

1992-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Cohesion: a hybrid memory model for accelerators  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Two broad classes of memory models are available today: models with hardware cache coherence, used in conventional chip multiprocessors, and models that rely upon software to manage coherence, found in compute accelerators. In some systems, both types ... Keywords: accelerator, cache coherence, computer architecture

John H. Kelm; Daniel R. Johnson; William Tuohy; Steven S. Lumetta; Sanjay J. Patel

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Verifying concurrent memory reclamation algorithms with grace  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Memory management is one of the most complex aspects of modern concurrent algorithms, and various techniques proposed for it--such as hazard pointers, read-copy-update and epoch-based reclamation--have proved very challenging for formal reasoning. In ...

Alexey Gotsman; Noam Rinetzky; Hongseok Yang

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Hybrid cache architecture with disparate memory technologies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Caching techniques have been an efficient mechanism for mitigating the effects of the processor-memory speed gap. Traditional multi-level SRAM-based cache hierarchies, especially in the context of chip multiprocessors (CMPs), present many challenges ... Keywords: hybrid cache architecture, three-dimensional ic

Xiaoxia Wu; Jian Li; Lixin Zhang; Evan Speight; Ram Rajamony; Yuan Xie

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Fast Access to Distributed Atomic Memory  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We study efficient and robust implementations of an atomic read-write data structure over an asynchronous distributed message-passing system made of reader and writer processes, as well as a number of servers implementing the data structure. We determine ... Keywords: Byzantine failures, atomic registers, distributed algorithms, fault-tolerance, shared-memory emulations, time-complexity

Partha Dutta; Rachid Guerraoui; Ron R. Levy; Marko Vukoli?

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Exploring Shared Memory Protocols in FLASH  

SciTech Connect

ABSTRACT The goal of this project was to improve the performance of large scientific and engineering applications through collaborative hardware and software mechanisms to manage the memory hierarchy of non-uniform memory access time (NUMA) shared-memory machines, as well as their component individual processors. In spite of the programming advantages of shared-memory platforms, obtaining good performance for large scientific and engineering applications on such machines can be challenging. Because communication between processors is managed implicitly by the hardware, rather than expressed by the programmer, application performance may suffer from unintended communication communication that the programmer did not consider when developing his/her application. In this project, we developed and evaluated a collection of hardware, compiler, languages and performance monitoring tools to obtain high performance on scientific and engineering applications on NUMA platforms by managing communication through alternative coherence mechanisms. Alternative coherence mechanisms have often been discussed as a means for reducing unintended communication, although architecture implementations of such mechanisms are quite rare. This report describes an actual implementation of a set of coherence protocols that support coherent, non-coherent and write-update accesses for a CC-NUMA shared-memory architecture, the Stanford FLASH machine. Such an approach has the advantages of using alternative coherence only where it is beneficial, and also provides an evolutionary migration path for improving application performance. We present data on two computations, RandomAccess from the HPC Challenge benchmarks and a forward solver derived from LS-DYNA, showing the performance advantages of the alternative coherence mechanisms. For RandomAccess, the non-coherent and write-update versions can outperform the coherent version by factors of 5 and 2.5, respectively. In LS-DYNA, we obtain improvements of 18% on average using the non-coherent version. We also present data on the SpecOMP benchmarks, showing that the protocols have a modest overhead of less than 3% in applications where the alternative mechanisms are not needed. In addition to the selective coherence studies on the FLASH machine, in the last six months of this project ISI performed research on compiler technology for the transactional memory (TM) programming model being developed at Stanford. As part of this research ISI developed a compiler that recognizes transactional memory pragmas and automatically generates parallel code for the TM programming model

Horowitz, Mark; Kunz, Robert; Hall, Mary; Lucas, Robert; Chame, Jacqueline

2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Purify: Fast detection of memory leaks and access errors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper describes Purifyru, a software testing and quality assurance Ool that detects memory leaks and access erors. Purify inserts additional checking instructions directly into the object code produced by existing compilers. These instructions check every memory read and write performed by the program-under-test and detect several types of access errors, such as reading uninitialized memory or witing to freed memory. Purify inserts checking logic into all of the code in a program, including third-party and vendor object-code libraries, and verifies system call interfaces. In addition, Purify tracks memory usage and identifies individual memory leals using a novel adaptation of garbage collection techniques. Purify produce standard executable files compatible with existing debuggers, and currently runs on Sun Microsystems ' SPARC family of workstations. Purify's neafly-comprehensive memory access checking slows the target program down typically by less than a facor of three and has resulted in significantly more reliable software for several development goups. L.

Reed Hastings; Bob Joyce

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

A new parallel sorting approach with sorting memory module  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new approach to accelerating parallel sorting processes is introduced in this paper. This approach involves the design of a new type of memory chip with sorting functions. This type of sorting memory chip is feasible with today's VLSI techniques. A memory module organizing several sorting memory chips associated with additional ECL or TTL control logic circuits is also presented. Using the sorting memory modules in a shared memory parallel processor machine, parallel sorting algorithms such as the column sort method can reduce the row access time significantly and avoid data collisions in the interconnection network. Experimental simulation results on the practical speedup achieved and the memory utilization for the proposed approach are described.

Zhu, C.Q. (Illinois Univ., Urbana, IL (USA). Center for Supercomputing Research and Development); Fang, Z. (Research and Development, Concurrent Computer Corp., Tinton Falls, NJ (US)); Li, X. (Dept. of Computing Science, Univ. of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta (CA))

1989-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "memorial by-way dedication" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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241

Disorder-Induced Microscopic Magnetic Memory  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Disorder-Induced Microscopic Disorder-Induced Microscopic Magnetic Memory Disorder-Induced Microscopic Magnetic Memory Print Wednesday, 26 October 2005 00:00 The magnetic-recording industry deliberately introduces carefully controlled disorder into its materials to obtain the desired magnetic properties. But as the density of magnetic disks climbs, the size of the magnetic domains responsible for storage must decrease, posing new challenges. Beautiful theories based on random microscopic disorder have been developed over the past ten years. To directly compare these theories with precise experiments, an American-European team, led by researchers from the University of Washington, Seattle, first developed and then applied coherent x-ray speckle metrology to microscopic magnetic domains in a series of thin multilayer perpendicular magnetic materials of varying disorder. Their results, at odds with all previous theories, have set a new reference point for future theories.

242

Disorder-Induced Microscopic Magnetic Memory  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Disorder-Induced Microscopic Magnetic Memory Print Disorder-Induced Microscopic Magnetic Memory Print The magnetic-recording industry deliberately introduces carefully controlled disorder into its materials to obtain the desired magnetic properties. But as the density of magnetic disks climbs, the size of the magnetic domains responsible for storage must decrease, posing new challenges. Beautiful theories based on random microscopic disorder have been developed over the past ten years. To directly compare these theories with precise experiments, an American-European team, led by researchers from the University of Washington, Seattle, first developed and then applied coherent x-ray speckle metrology to microscopic magnetic domains in a series of thin multilayer perpendicular magnetic materials of varying disorder. Their results, at odds with all previous theories, have set a new reference point for future theories.

243

Disorder-Induced Microscopic Magnetic Memory  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Disorder-Induced Microscopic Magnetic Memory Print Disorder-Induced Microscopic Magnetic Memory Print The magnetic-recording industry deliberately introduces carefully controlled disorder into its materials to obtain the desired magnetic properties. But as the density of magnetic disks climbs, the size of the magnetic domains responsible for storage must decrease, posing new challenges. Beautiful theories based on random microscopic disorder have been developed over the past ten years. To directly compare these theories with precise experiments, an American-European team, led by researchers from the University of Washington, Seattle, first developed and then applied coherent x-ray speckle metrology to microscopic magnetic domains in a series of thin multilayer perpendicular magnetic materials of varying disorder. Their results, at odds with all previous theories, have set a new reference point for future theories.

244

Complex bodies with memory: linearized setting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The mechanics of complex bodies with memory effects is discussed in linearized setting. The attention is focused on the characterization of free energies in terms of minimum work and maximum recoverable work in the bulk and along a discontinuity surface endowed with its own surface energy, a surface internal to the body. To this aim, use is made of techniques proposed by Del Piero. Consequences of the Clausius-Duhem inequality are investigated for complex bodies with instantaneous linear elastic response.

Paolo Maria Mariano; Paolo Paoletti

2008-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

245

Optimal superdense coding over memory channels  

SciTech Connect

We study the superdense coding capacity in the presence of quantum channels with correlated noise. We investigate both the cases of unitary and nonunitary encoding. Pauli channels for arbitrary dimensions are treated explicitly. The superdense coding capacity for some special channels and resource states is derived for unitary encoding. We also provide an example of a memory channel where nonunitary encoding leads to an improvement in the superdense coding capacity.

Shadman, Z.; Kampermann, H.; Bruss, D.; Macchiavello, C. [Institute fuer Theoretische Physik III, Heinrich-Heine-Universitaet Duesseldorf, DE-40225 Duesseldorf (Germany); Dipartimento di Fisica ''A. Volta'' and INFM-Unita di Pavia, Via Bassi 6, IT-27100 Pavia (Italy)

2011-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

246

Shape Memory Polymer Therapeutic Devices for Stroke  

SciTech Connect

Shape memory polymers (SMPs) are attracting a great deal of interest in the scientific community for their use in applications ranging from light weight structures in space to micro-actuators in MEMS devices. These relatively new materials can be formed into a primary shape, reformed into a stable secondary shape, and then controllably actuated to recover their primary shape. The first part of this presentation will be a brief review of the types of polymeric structures which give rise to shape memory behavior in the context of new shape memory polymers with highly regular network structures recently developed at LLNL for biomedical devices. These new urethane SMPs have improved optical and physical properties relative to commercial SMPs, including improved clarity, high actuation force, and sharper actuation transition. In the second part of the presentation we discuss the development of SMP based devices for mechanically removing neurovascular occlusions which result in ischemic stroke. These devices are delivered to the site of the occlusion in compressed form, are pushed through the occlusion, actuated (usually optically) to take on an expanded conformation, and then used to dislodge and grip the thrombus while it is withdrawn through the catheter.

Wilson, T S; Small IV, W; Benett, W J; Bearinger, J P; Maitland, D J

2005-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

247

Performance of memory reclamation for lockless synchronization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Achieving high performance for concurrent applications on modern multiprocessors remains challenging. Many programmers avoid locking to improve performance, while others replace locks with non-blocking synchronization to protect against deadlock, priority inversion, and convoying. In both cases, dynamic data structures that avoid locking require a memory reclamation scheme that reclaims elements once they are no longer in use. The performance of existing memory reclamation schemes has not been thoroughly evaluated. We conduct the first fair and comprehensive comparison of three recent schemesquiescent-state-based reclamation, epoch-based reclamation, and hazard-pointer-based reclamationusing a flexible microbenchmark. Our results show that there is no globally optimal scheme. When evaluating lockless synchronization, programmers and algorithm designers should thus carefully consider the data structure, the workload, and the execution environment, each of which can dramatically affect the memory reclamation performance. We discuss the consequences of our results for programmers and algorithm designers. Finally, we describe the use of one scheme, quiescentstate-based reclamation, in the context of an OS kernelan execution environment which is well suited to this scheme.

Thomas E. Hart; Paul E. McKenney; Angela Demke Brown; Jonathan Walpole

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

HitME: low power Hit MEmory buffer for embedded systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we present a novel HitME (Hit-MEmory) buffer to reduce the energy consumption of memory hierarchy in embedded processors. The HitME buffer is a small direct-mapped cache memory that is added as additional memory into existing cache memory ...

Andhi Janapsatya; Sri Parameswaran; Aleksandar Ignjatovi?

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

(Ni,Pt)Ti High Temperature Shape Memory Alloys  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About this Abstract. Meeting, Materials Science & Technology 2011. Symposium, Shape Memory Alloys. Presentation Title, Phase Field Modeling of P-Phase...

250

Determination of the recovery stresses developed by shape memory alloys  

SciTech Connect

A simple relationship has been developed between recovery stresses, temperature, and strain, to explain the mechanical shape memory effect in some alloys which undergo thermoelastic martensitic transformation. (GHT)

Mohamed, H.A.

1978-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Novel and NiTi-based Shape Memory Alloys  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mar 4, 2013 ... Phase Constitution, Mechanical and Shape Memory Properties of (Pt,Co)Ti Alloys: Hideki Hosoda1; Satoshi Tsutsumi1; Masaki Tahara1;...

252

Superelastic and Shape Memory Effects of Copper-Based Shape ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract Scope, Shape memory alloys have been considered for applications as sensors, actuators, and energy-absorbing materials because of their impressive...

253

Rebuilding it Better: Greensburg, Kansas, Kiowa County Memorial...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

(Brochure) (Revised) This brochure details the sustainable and green aspects of the LEED Platinum-designed Kiowa County Memorial Hospital in Greensburg, Kansas. 47461.pdf More...

254

Rebuilding it Better: Greensburg, Kansas, Kiowa County Memorial Hospital (Brochure)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This brochure details the sustainable and green aspects of the LEED Platinum-designed Kiowa County Memorial Hospital in Greensburg, Kansas.

Not Available

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Whirlpools on the Nanoscale Could Multiply Magnetic Memory  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

cells housed on nanoscale metal disks, instead of the two-bit magnetic domains of standard magnetic memories. In magnetic vortices, parallel electron spins point either...

256

Optimization Online - On Efficiently Combining Limited Memory and ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nov 25, 2013... the limited memory methods are usually combined with a line search. ... by the Euclidean norm with an insignificant computational overhead...

257

Y-12 historian assists in Lincoln Memorial University display...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

of Lincoln Memorial University in Harrogate, Tenn. Located in LMU's new Math and Science Building, the display pays tribute to nuclear energy research and the subsequent creation...

258

Fundamentals of Shape Memory and Related Transitions (Electronic ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Jun 1, 2007 ... These papers are based on presentations prepared for the symposium Fundamentals of Shape Memory and Related Transitions. The original...

259

False Memories of UFO Encounters: An fMRI Investigation .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The idea of false memories for traumatic events has powered numerous controversies. For this reason, the present study was designed as an attempt to resolve (more)

Lambrinos, Angela

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Physical and Mechanical Metallurgy of Shape Memory Alloys for ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Physical and Mechanical Metallurgy of. Shape Memory Alloys for Actuator Applications. Sponsored by. TMS Structural Materials Division (SMD). TMS/ASM: ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "memorial by-way dedication" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Institute of Computer Science New class of limited-memory ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Institute of Computer Science. Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic. New class of limited-memory variationally-derived variable metric methods. J. Vlcek...

262

Institute of Computer Science Limited-memory projective variable ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Institute of Computer Science. Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic. Limited-memory projective variable metric methods for unconstrained minimization.

263

Building Green in Greensburg: Kiowa County Memorial Hospital  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This poster highlights energy efficiency, renewable energy, and sustainable features of the high-performing Kiowa County Memorial Hospital building in Greensburg, Kansas.

264

Strata: wait-free synchronization with efficient memory reclamation by using chronological memory allocation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A locking is the typical mechanism to coordinate the race between multiple threads. But it downgrades the overall system performance due to the waiting time for the locked data to be unlocked. Wait-free synchronization is the one of the schemes to cope ... Keywords: memory management, wait-free synchronization

Eunhwan Shin; Inhyuk Kim; Junghan Kim; Young Ik Eom

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Allegories of Modernity, Geographies of Memory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation examines how postmodernist narratives of memory in Graham Swift's Waterland, Salman Rushdie's Midnight's Children, and Amitav Ghosh's The Shadow Lines retrieve the stories of those who have been lost or forgotten in official history and refigure the temporal and spatial imaginary in intertwining personal stories of crisis with public history through acts of remembering. Questioning the modernist ideology of progress based on the idea of linear sequence of time, the novels not only retrace the heterogeneous and discontinuous layers of stories overlooked or repressed in official accounts of modern history, but also re-examine the contradictory and contested process by which subjects are situated or positioned, and its effects on the production of knowledge. These postmodern historical novels examine history as a discourse and explore its limits. The narrators of the novels are engaged with an autobiographical act of rewriting their lives, but their efforts to reconstitute themselves in unity and continuity are undermined by the disjunctive narrative form of the novels. The layered narrative of memory through which the novels reconstruct modern history is allegorical in the double sense that it exposes the act of signification by decentering the symbol of the transcendental signifier while telling an allegorical story of personal and familial history that mirrors national history in a fragmented way. In Waterland, Tom Crick retells his personal and familial stories intertwined with local and national history as alternative history lessons and challenges the Idea of Progress by revisiting sites of traumatic memory. Midnight's Children constructs counter-stories of Post-Independence India as multiple alternatives to one official version of history and addresses the limits of history in terms of "a border zone of temporality." In The Shadow Lines, the narrator retells his family history as a story of borders through his struggle with gaps in official history and creates a national imaginary with mirror images and events. The postmodernist narrative of memory in these novels turns the time of the now into a time for the "past as to come," a time to detect the unrealized and unfulfilled possibilities of the past, through retellings of the past.

Jeon, Seenhwa

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Nickel porphyrins for memory optical applications  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention relates to a nickel-porphyrin derivative in a matrix, the nickel-porphyrin derivative comprising at least two conformational isomers, a lower-energy-state conformer and a higher-energy-state conformer, such that when the higher-energy-state conformer is generated from the lower-energy-state conformer following absorption of a photon of suitable energy, the time to return to the lower-energy-state conformer is greater than 40 nanoseconds at approximately room temperature. The nickel-porphyrin derivative is useful in optical memory applications.

Shelnutt, John A. (Tijeras, NM); Jia, Songling (Albuquerque, NM); Medforth, Craig (Vacaville, CA); Holten, Dewey (St. Louis, MO); Nelson, Nora Y. (Manteca, CA); Smith, Kevin M. (Davis, CA)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Oil Price Trackers Inspired by Immune Memory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We outline initial concepts for an immune inspired algorithm to evaluate and predict oil price time series data. The proposed solution evolves a short term pool of trackers dynamically, with each member attempting to map trends and anticipate future price movements. Successful trackers feed into a long term memory pool that can generalise across repeating trend patterns. The resulting sequence of trackers, ordered in time, can be used as a forecasting tool. Examination of the pool of evolving trackers also provides valuable insight into the properties of the crude oil market.

Wilson, WIlliam; Aickelin, Uwe

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Highly multimode memory in a crystal  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We experimentally demonstrate the storage of 1060 temporal modes onto a thulium-doped crystal using an atomic frequency comb (AFC). The comb covers 0.93 GHz defining the storage bandwidth. As compared to previous AFC preparation methods (pulse sequences i.e. amplitude modulation), we only use frequency modulation to produce the desired optical pumping spectrum. To ensure an accurate spectrally selective optical pumping, the frequency modulated laser is self-locked on the atomic comb. Our approach is general and should be applicable to a wide range of rare-earth doped material in the context of multimode quantum memory.

Bonarota, M; Chanelire, T

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Highly multimode memory in a crystal  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We experimentally demonstrate the storage of 1060 temporal modes onto a thulium-doped crystal using an atomic frequency comb (AFC). The comb covers 0.93 GHz defining the storage bandwidth. As compared to previous AFC preparation methods (pulse sequences i.e. amplitude modulation), we only use frequency modulation to produce the desired optical pumping spectrum. To ensure an accurate spectrally selective optical pumping, the frequency modulated laser is self-locked on the atomic comb. Our approach is general and should be applicable to a wide range of rare-earth doped material in the context of multimode quantum memory.

M. Bonarota; J. -L. Le Gout; T. Chanelire

2010-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

270

Hybrid NOrec: a case study in the effectiveness of best effort hardware transactional memory  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Transactional memory (TM) is a promising synchronization mechanism for the next generation of multicore processors. Best-effort Hardware Transactional Memory (HTM) designs, such as Sun's prototype Rock processor and AMD's proposed Advanced Synchronization ... Keywords: transactional memory

Luke Dalessandro; Franois Carouge; Sean White; Yossi Lev; Mark Moir; Michael L. Scott; Michael F. Spear

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Final Technical Report: Nanostructured Shape Memory ALloys  

SciTech Connect

With this grant we explored the properties that result from combining the effects of nanostructuring and shape memory using both experimental and theoretical approaches. We developed new methods to make nanostructured NiTi by melt-spinning and cold rolling fabrication strategies, which elicited significantly different behavior. A template synthesis method was also used to created nanoparticles. In order to characterize the particles we created, we developed a new magnetically-assisted particle manipulation technique to manipulate and position nanoscale samples for testing. Beyond characterization, this technique has broader implications for assembly of nanoscale devices and we demonstrated promising applications for optical switching through magnetically-controlled scattering and polarization capabilities. Nanoparticles of nickel-titanium (NiTi) shape memory alloy were also produced using thin film deposition technology and nanosphere lithography. Our work revealed the first direct evidence that the thermally-induced martensitic transformation of these films allows for partial indent recovery on the nanoscale. In addition to thoroughly characterizing and modeling the nanoindentation behavior in NiTi thin films, we demonstrated the feasibility of using nanoindentation on an SMA film for write-read-erase schemes for data storage.

Wendy Crone; Walter Drugan; Arthur Ellis; John Perepezko

2005-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

272

Power shifts in web-based translation memory  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Web-based translation memory (TM) is a recent and little-studied development that is changing the way localisation projects are conducted. This article looks at the technology that allows for the sharing of TM databases over the internet to find out ... Keywords: Internationalization, Localization, Machine-aided translation, Translation memory, Web-based translation

Ignacio Garcia

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Curating Memory: 9/11 Commemoration and Foucault's Archive  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This study of commemoration of 9/11 on the 10th anniversary is performed at the intersection of public memory and rhetorical studies. Examining the role of the individual within public memory, this study furthers both fields by expanding on the definitions, processes, and negotiation between official and vernacular discourse. With a theoretical frame work that uses Foucault's concept of discursive archive, rhetors involved in the creation of public memory are framed as curators of a discursive archive of 9/11 memory. The role and limitations of the curatorial role is explored in three cases studies: a local ceremony, national newspapers, and Twitter hashtags. The study finds that there is a complicated interaction between vernacular and official memory and narrow definitions of the terms are not sufficient to describe the processes through which individuals take part in public memory. Rhetors involved in the public memory process may take on complex and ambiguous roles within the entangled discourses of official and vernacular memory. Within these case studies, individual curators crafted messages about the 10th anniversary of 9/11 that reify the importance of individuals tied to particular groups, urge for unity, and focus on the ten years since the tragedies.

Rowe, Sara 1988-

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Fragile X syndrome: Neural network models of sequencing and memory  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A comparative framework of memory processes in males with fragile X syndrome (FXS) and typically developing (TYP) mental age-match children is presented. Results indicate a divergence in sequencing skills, such that males with FXS recall sequences similarly ... Keywords: FXS, Fragile X syndrome, Intellectual disabilities, Literacy, Memory in atypical populations, Modeling, Neural networks, Phonology

Mina C. Johnson-Glenberg

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

SPLASH: Stanford parallel applications for shared-memory  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present the Stanford Parallel Applications for Shared-Memory (SPLASH), a set of parallel applications for use in the design and evaluation of shared-memory multiprocessing systems. Our goal is to provide a suite of realistic applications that will ...

Jaswinder Pal Singh; Wolf-Dietrich Weber; Anoop Gupta

1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Memory access problems in block cyclic reduction on vector computers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the present paper, modifications of block cyclic reduction are introduced by which the often significant memory access problems of this method on vector computers can be drastically reduced. The modifications are discussed in the context of an interval ... Keywords: Block cyclic reduction, interval arithmetics, memory access problems, vector computers

Hartmut Schwandt

1991-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Freely movable ferromagnetic shape memory nanostructures for actuation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents the design and fabrication of freely movable ferromagnetic shape memory nanostructures for actuation in nanometer dimensions. Ni-Mn-Ga is chosen as a transducer material as it combines the shape memory effect and ferromagnetic properties. ... Keywords: Electron beam lithography, Epitaxial Ni-Mn-Ga films, Ion beam etching, Nanostructures

M. Schmitt; A. Backen; S. FHler; M. Kohl

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

2013 Special Issue: Controlling working memory with learned instructions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Many neural network models of cognition rely heavily on the modeler for control over aspects of model behavior, such as when to learn and whether an item is judged to be present in memory. Developing neurocomputational methods that allow these cognitive ... Keywords: Adaptive gating, Cognitive control, Hopfield attractor networks, Temporally asymmetric Hebbian learning, Working memory, n-back

J. C. Sylvester; J. A. Reggia; S. A. Weems; M. F. Bunting

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Safe optimisations for shared-memory concurrent programs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Current proposals for concurrent shared-memory languages, including C++ and C, provide sequential consistency only for programs without data races (the DRF guarantee). While the implications of such a contract for hardware optimisations are relatively ... Keywords: compiler optimizations, relaxed memory models, semantics

Jaroslav ev?k

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Minimizing bank selection instructions for partitioned memory architecture  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Bank switching is a technique that increases the code and data memory in microcontrollers without extending the address buses. Given a program in which variables have been assigned to data banks, we present a novel optimization technique that minimizes ... Keywords: PBQP, RAM allocation, bank-switching, compiler optimization, microcontrollers, partitioned memory architecture

Bernhard Scholz; Bernd Burgstaller; Jingling Xue

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "memorial by-way dedication" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Advanced contention management for dynamic software transactional memory  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The obstruction-free Dynamic Software Transactional Memory (DSTM) system of Herlihy et al@. allows only one transaction at a time to acquire an object for writing. Should a second require an object currently in use, a contention manager must determine ... Keywords: contention management, obstruction-freedom, synchronization, transactional memory

William N. Scherer, III; Michael L. Scott

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Performance directed energy management for main memory and disks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Much research has been conducted on energy management for memory and disks. Most studies use control algorithms that dynamically transition devices to low power modes after they are idle for a certain threshold period of time. The control algorithms ... Keywords: Disk energy management, adaptation algorithms, control algorithms, low-power design, memory energy management, multiple-power mode device, performance guarantee

Xiaodong Li; Zhenmin Li; Yuanyuan Zhou; Sarita Adve

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

A frequent-value based PRAM memory architecture  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Phase Change Random Access Memory (PRAM) has great potential as the replacement of DRAM as main memory, due to its advantages of high density, non-volatility, fast read speed, and excellent scalability. However, poor endurance and high write energy appear ...

Guangyu Sun; Dimin Niu; Jin Ouyang; Yuan Xie

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Zooming, Multiple Windows, and Visual Working Memory Matthew Plumlee  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Zooming, Multiple Windows, and Visual Working Memory Matthew Plumlee Department of Computer, USA E-mail: colinw@cisunix.unh.edu ABSTRACT Zooming and multiple windows are two techniques designed windows comes in the way they aid visual working memory. The task to which we apply our model

New Hampshire, University of

285

Peculiar aspects of nanocrystal memory cells: data and extrapolations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Nanocrystal memory cell are a promising candidate for the scaling of nonvolatile memories in which the conventional floating gate is replaced by an array of nanocrystals. The aim of this paper is to present the results of a thorough investigation of ...

I. Crupi; D. Corso; G. Ammendola; S. Lombardo; C. Gerardi; B. DeSalvo; G. Ghibaudo; E. Rimini; M. Melanotte

2003-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Broad-coverage parsing using human-like memory constraints  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Human syntactic processing shows many signs of taking place within a general-purpose short-term memory. But this kind of memory is known to have a severely constrained storage capacity---possibly constrained to as few as three or four distinct elements. ...

William Schuler; Samir AbdelRahman; Tim Miller; Lane Schwartz

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Organizational Memory/Knowledge Effects on Productivity: A Longitudinal Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper discusses a longitudinal study that explored the relationship between use of organizational memory and knowledge (OM/K) and knowledge worker productivity within the engineering group at a nuclear power plant. Three data points were taken over ... Keywords: Knowledge Management Systems, Organizational Memory Systems, Organizational Learning, IS Success

M. Jennex; L. Olfman

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Transactional memories for multi-processor FPGA platforms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Programming efficiency of heterogeneous concurrent systems is limited by the use of lock-based synchronization mechanisms. Transactional memories can greatly improve the programming efficiency of such systems. In field-programmable computing machines, ... Keywords: Multi-processor FPGAs, Transactional memories

Christoforos Kachris; Chidamber Kulkarni

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Programmer-centric conditions for itanium memory consistency  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We formulate a programmer-centric description of the memory consistency model provided by the Itanium architecture. This allows reasoning about programs at a non-operational level in the natural way, not obscured by the implementation details of the ... Keywords: itanium multi-processor, programmer-centric memory consistency

Lisa Higham; LillAnne Jackson; Jalal Kawash

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

How Long is the Memory of Tropical Ocean Dynamics?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Combining classic equatorial wave dynamics and midlatitude wave dynamics, a unified view is proposed to account for the memory of tropical ocean dynamics in terms of oceanic basin modes. It is shown that the dynamic memory of the ocean is bounded ...

Z. Liu

2002-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Efficient data race detection for distributed memory parallel programs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we present a precise data race detection technique for distributed memory parallel programs. Our technique, which we call Active Testing, builds on our previous work on race detection for shared memory Java and C programs and it handles ...

Chang-Seo Park; Koushik Sen; Paul Hargrove; Costin Iancu

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Cache coherence tradeoffs in shared-memory MPSoCs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Shared memory is a common interprocessor communication paradigm for single-chip multiprocessor platforms. Snoop-based cache coherence is a very successful technique that provides a clean shared-memory programming abstraction in general-purpose chip multiprocessors, ... Keywords: Cache coherence, low power, multiprocessor, system-on-chip

Mirko Loghi; Massimo Poncino; Luca Benini

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Hybrid checkpointing using emerging nonvolatile memories for future exascale systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The scalability of future Massively Parallel Processing (MPP) systems is being severely challenged by high failure rates. Current centralized Hard Disk Drive (HDD) checkpointing results in overhead of 25% or more at petascale. Since systems become ... Keywords: Checkpoint, background checkpoint, checkpoint prototype, exascale, hybrid checkpoint, in-disk checkpoint, in-memory checkpoint, incremental checkpoint, optimum checkpoint model, petascale, phase-change memory

Xiangyu Dong; Yuan Xie; Naveen Muralimanohar; Norman P. Jouppi

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

In-Situ Synthesis of Shape Memory Alloy-Nitinol by Laser Direct ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About this Abstract. Meeting, Materials Science & Technology 2011. Symposium, Shape Memory Alloys. Presentation Title, In-Situ Synthesis of Shape Memory...

295

T-627: Adobe Flash Player Memory Corruption | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

7: Adobe Flash Player Memory Corruption 7: Adobe Flash Player Memory Corruption T-627: Adobe Flash Player Memory Corruption May 20, 2011 - 2:50pm Addthis PROBLEM: Adobe Flash Player Memory Corruption, Denial Of Service, Execute Code PLATFORM: Windows, Mac OS X, Linux, and Solaris ABSTRACT: Adobe Flash Player before 10.3.181.14 on Windows, Mac OS X, Linux, and Solaris and before 10.3.185.21 on Android allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code or cause a denial of service (memory corruption) via crafted Flash content, as possibly exploited in the wild in May 2011 by a Microsoft Office document with an embedded .swf file. reference LINKS: CVE Details - CVE-2011-0627 CVE Details - Adobe Flash Player Vulnerability Statistics CVE Details - Adobe Security Vulnerabilities IMPACT ASSESSMENT: High Discussion:

296

Flash Memory Garbage Collection in Hard Real-Time Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Due to advances in capacity, speed, and economics, NAND-based flash memory technology is increasingly integrated into all types of computing systems, ranging from enterprise servers to embedded devices. However, due to its unpredictable up-date behavior and time consuming garbage collection mechanism, NAND-based flash memory is difficult to integrate into hard-real-time embedded systems. In this thesis, I propose a performance model for flash memory garbage collection that can be used in conjunction with a number of different garbage collection strategies. I describe how to model the cost of reactive (lazy) garbage collection and compare it to that of more proactive schemes. I develop formulas to assess the schedulability of hard real- time periodic task sets under simplified memory consumption models. Results show that I prove the proactive schemes achieve the larger maximum schedulable utilization than the traditional garbage collection mechanism for hard real-time systems in flash memory.

Lai, Chien-An

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Memory device using movement of protons  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

An enhancement of an electrically written memory element utilizing the motion of protons within a dielectric layer surrounded by layers on either side to confine the protons within the dielectric layer with electrode means attached to the surrounding layers to change the spatial position of the protons within the dielectric layer. The device is preferably constructed as a silicon-silicon dioxide-silicon layered structure with the protons being introduced to the structure during an anneal in an atmosphere containing hydrogen gas. Device operation is enhanced by concluding this anneal step with a sudden cooling. The device operates at low power, is preferably nonvolatile, is radiation tolerant, and is compatible with convention silicon MOS processing for integration with other microelectronics elements on the same silicon substrate.

Warren, William L. (900 N. Randolph St., Arlington, VA 22203); Vanheusden, Karel J. R. (8401 Spain Rd., Albuquerque, NM 87111); Fleetwood, Daniel M. (5513 Estrellita del Norte, NE., Albuquerque, NM 87111); Devine, Roderick A. B. (12 Impasse de la Liberation, 38950 St. Martin le Vinoux, FR); Archer, Leo B. (3108 Vicky Ct., Garland, TX 75044); Brown, George A. (1512 Ridgeview Dr., Arlington, TX 76012-1940); Wallace, Robert M. (428 Park Bend Dr., Richardson, TX 75081)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Release mechanism utilizing shape memory polymer material  

SciTech Connect

Microfabricated therapeutic actuators are fabricated using a shape memory polymer (SMP), a polyurethane-based material that undergoes a phase transformation at a specified temperature (Tg). At a temperature above temperature Tg material is soft and can be easily reshaped into another configuration. As the temperature is lowered below temperature Tg the new shape is fixed and locked in as long as the material stays below temperature Tg. Upon reheating the material to a temperature above Tg, the material will return to its original shape. By the use of such SMP material, SMP microtubing can be used as a release actuator for the delivery of embolic coils through catheters into aneurysms, for example. The microtubing can be manufactured in various sizes and the phase change temperature Tg is determinate for an intended temperature target and intended use.

Lee, Abraham P. (Walnut Creek, CA); Northrup, M. Allen (Berkeley, CA); Ciarlo, Dino R. (Livermore, CA); Krulevitch, Peter A. (Pleasanton, CA); Benett, William J. (Livermore, CA)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Shape memory alloy seals for geothermal applications  

SciTech Connect

A shape memory radial seal was fabricated with a ''U'' cross section. Upon heating the seal recovered its original ''V'' shape and produced a high pressure seal. The sealing pressure which can be developed is approximately 41 MPa (60,000 psi), well in excess of the pressure which can be produced in conventional elastomeric seals. The low modulus martensite can conform readily to the sealing surface, and upon recovery produce a seal capable of high pressure fluid or gas confinement. The corrosion resistance of nickel-titanium in a broad range of aggressive fluids has been well established and, as such, there is little doubt that, had time permitted, a geothermal pump of flange fluid tried would have been successful.

1985-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

300

Solid state engine using nitinol memory alloy  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A device for converting heat energy to mechanical energy includes a reservoir of a hot fluid and a rotor assembly mounted thereabove so a portion of it dips into the hot fluid. The rotor assembly may include a shaft having four spokes extending radially outwardly therefrom at right angles to each other, a floating ring and four flexible elements composed of a thermal memory material having a critical temperature between the temperature of the hot fluid and that of the ambient atmosphere extending between the ends of the spokes and the floating ring. Preferably, the flexible elements are attached to the floating ring through curved leaf springs. Energetic shape recovery of the flexible elements in the hot fluid causes the rotor assembly to rotate.

Golestaneh, Ahmad A. (Bolingbrook, IL)

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "memorial by-way dedication" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Solid state engine using nitinol memory alloy  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A device for converting heat energy to mechanical energy includes a reservoir of a hot fluid and a rotor assembly mounted thereabove so a portion of it dips into the hot fluid. The rotor assembly may include a shaft having four spokes extending radially outwardly therefrom at right angles to each other, a floating ring and four flexible elements composed of a thermal memory material having a critical temperature between the temperature of the hot fluid and that of the ambient atmosphere extending between the ends of the spokes and the floating ring. Preferably, the flexible elements are attached to the floating ring through curved leaf springs. Energetic shape recovery of the flexible elements in the hot fluid causes the rotor assembly to rotate.

Golestaneh, A.A.

1980-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

302

PERI Auto-tuning Memory Intensive Kernels  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

PERI PERI - Auto-tuning Memory Intensive Kernels for Multicore Samuel Williams † , Kaushik Datta † , Jonathan Carter , Leonid Oliker † , John Shalf , Katherine Yelick † , David Bailey CRD/NERSC, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA † Computer Science Division, University of California at Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA E-mail: SWWilliams@lbl.gov, kdatta@eecs.berkeley.edu, JTCarter@lbl.gov, LOliker@lbl.gov, JShalf@lbl.gov, KAYelick@lbl.gov, DHBailey@lbl.gov Abstract. We present an auto-tuning approach to optimize application performance on emerging multicore architectures. The methodology extends the idea of search-based performance optimizations, popular in linear algebra and FFT libraries, to application-specific computational kernels. Our work applies this strategy to Sparse Matrix Vector Multiplication

303

Empirical Memory-Access Cost Models in Multicore NUMA Architectures  

SciTech Connect

Data location is of prime importance when scheduling tasks in a non-uniform memory access (NUMA) architecture. The characteristics of the NUMA architecture must be understood so tasks can be scheduled onto processors that are close to the task's data. However, in modern NUMA architectures, such as AMD Magny-Cours and Intel Nehalem, there may be a relatively large number of memory controllers with sockets that are connected in a non-intuitive manner, leading to performance degradation due to uninformed task-scheduling decisions. In this paper, we provide a method for experimentally characterizing memory-access costs for modern NUMA architectures via memory latency and bandwidth microbenchmarks. Using the results of these benchmarks, we propose a memory-access cost model to improve task-scheduling decisions by scheduling tasks near the data they need. Simple task-scheduling experiments using the memory-access cost models validate the use of empirical memory-access cost models to significantly improve program performance.

McCormick, Patrick S. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Braithwaite, Ryan Karl [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Feng, Wu-chun [Virginia Tech

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Memory test time reduction by interconnecting test items  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The idea is to interconnect test items to reuse memory states left from the previous test item for saving initialization and verification sequences. Meanwhile, signal settling time of the tester between two consecutive test items being applied can also ... Keywords: NP-hard problem, constraints, graph theory, initialization sequences, integer linear programming model, integer programming, integrated circuit testing, integrated memory circuits, interconnection problem, iterations, linear programming, memory test time reduction, rural Chinese postman problem, signal settling time, successive ILP models, test items interconnection, verification sequences

Wen-Jer Wu; Chuan Yi Tang

2000-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Single-cell atomic quantum memory for light  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recent experiments demonstrating atomic quantum memory for light [B. Julsgaard et al., Nature 432, 482 (2004)] involve two macroscopic samples of atoms, each with opposite spin polarization. It is shown here that a single atomic cell is enough for the memory function if the atoms are optically pumped with suitable linearly polarized light, and quadratic Zeeman shift and/or ac Stark shift are used to manipulate rotations of the quadratures. This should enhance the performance of our quantum memory devices since less resources are needed and losses of light in crossing different media boundaries are avoided.

Tomas Opatrny

2005-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

306

Classical capacity of a qubit depolarizing channel with memory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The classical product state capacity of a noisy quantum channel with memory is investigated. A forgetful noise-memory channel is constructed by Markov switching between two depolarizing channels which introduces non-Markovian noise correlations between successive channel uses. The computation of the capacity is reduced to an entropy computation for a function of a Markov process. A reformulation in terms of algebraic measures then enables its calculation. The effects of the hidden-Markovian memory on the capacity are explored. An increase in noise-correlations is found to increase the capacity.

Jeroen Wouters; Ismail Akhalwaya; Mark Fannes; Francesco Petruccione

2009-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

307

Optimising Flash non-volatile memory using machine learning: a project overview  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

While near ubiquitous, the physical principles of Flash memory mean that its performance degrades with use. During fabrication and operation, its ability to be repeatedly programmed/erased (endurance) needs to be balanced with its ability to store information ... Keywords: Flash memory, endurance, machine learning, memory performance optimisation, non-volatile memory, retention

Tom Arbuckle; Damien Hogan; Conor Ryan

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Retrieval Property of Associative Memory Based on Inverse Function Delayed Neural Networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Self-connection can enlarge the memory capacity of an associative memory based on the neural network. However, the basin size of the embedded memory state shrinks. The problem of basin size is related to undesirable stable states which are spurious. ... Keywords: associative memory, inverse function delayed model, retrieval dynamics, basin of attraction, negative resistance

Hongge Li; Yoshihiro Hayakawa; Koji Nakajima

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Exploiting off-chip memory access modes in high-level synthesis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Memory-intensive behaviors often contain large arrays that are synthesized into off-chip memories. With the increasing gap between on-chip and off-chip memory access delays, it is imperative to exploit the efficient access mode features of modern-day ... Keywords: Memory Synthesis, DRAM, High Level Synthesis

Preeti Ranjan Panda; Nikil D. Dutt; Alexandru Nicolau

1997-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Bipolar resistive switching effect in Gd2O3 films for transparent memory application  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A transparent resistive random access memory based on ITO/Gd"2O"3/ITO capacitor structure is fabricated on glass substrate. The transparent memory exhibits reliable resistive switching for more than 1000 cycles, low operation voltage of -2V/+2V, and ... Keywords: Gadolinium oxide, Gd2O3, RRAM, Resistive memory, TRRAM, Transparent memory

Kou-Chen Liu; Wen-Hsien Tzeng; Kow-Ming Chang; Yi-Chun Chan; Chun-Chih Kuo

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Decoupled DIMM: building high-bandwidth memory system using low-speed DRAM devices  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The widespread use of multicore processors has dramatically increased the demands on high bandwidth and large capacity from memory systems. In a conventional DDR2/DDR3 DRAM memory system, the memory bus and DRAM devices run at the same data rate. To ... Keywords: DRAM memories, bandwidth decoupling, decoupled DIMM

Hongzhong Zheng; Jiang Lin; Zhao Zhang; Zhichun Zhu

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Proposed procedure for exemption from the requirement for segregated ballast tanks (SBT), dedicated clean ballast tanks (CBT), or a crude oil washing (COW) system for existing tank vessels  

SciTech Connect

A proposed procedure for exemption from the requirement for segregated ballast tanks (SBT), dedicated clean ballast tanks (CBT), or a crude oil washing (COW) system for existing tank vessels of 40,000 dwt and over, in domestic trade has been issued by the US Coast Guard under the Port and Tanker Safety Act. Exemption would be allowed if shore-based reception facilities are a preferred method of handling dirty ballast and if such facilities are adequate and readily available. Adoption of the proposal would recognize that in certain trades where existing tank vessels have set loading locations, it is as effective to use shore-based reception facilities for the treatment of oil residues as it is to use SBT, CBT, or COW. The proposal requires, among others, National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System permits for the reception facilities, and contains a provision for revocation of exemptions upon noncompliance with regulations. Comments must be received by 7/7/80.

1980-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

313

An examination of content similarity within the memory of HPC applications.  

SciTech Connect

Memory content similarity has been e ectively exploited for more than a decade to reduce memory consumption. By consolidating duplicate and similar pages in the address space of an application, we can reduce the amount of memory it consumes without negatively a ecting the application's perception of the memory resources available to it. In addition to memory de-duplication, there may be many other ways that we can exploit memory content similarity to improve system characteristics. In this paper, we examine the memory content similarity of several HPC applications. By characterizing the memory contents of these applications, we hope to provide a basis for ef- forts to e ectively exploit memory content similarity to improve system performance beyond memory deduplication. We show that several applications exhibit signi cant similarity and consider the source of the similarity.

Levy, Scott N. [University of New Mexico; Bridges, Patrick G. [University of New Mexico; Ferreira, Kurt Brian; Thompson, Aidan Patrick; Trott, Christian Robert

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Rebuilding It Better: Greensburg, Kansas, Kiowa County Memorial Hospital |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Rebuilding It Better: Greensburg, Kansas, Kiowa County Memorial Hospital Rebuilding It Better: Greensburg, Kansas, Kiowa County Memorial Hospital Jump to: navigation, search Name Rebuilding It Better: Greensburg, Kansas, Kiowa County Memorial Hospital Agency/Company /Organization National Renewable Energy Laboratory Focus Area Agriculture, Buildings, Economic Development, Energy Efficiency, Water Conservation, Renewable Energy, Wind Phase Bring the Right People Together, Create a Vision, Evaluate Options, Develop Goals Resource Type Case studies/examples Availability Publicly available--Free Publication Date 8/1/2010 Website http://apps1.eere.energy.gov/b Locality Greensburg, Kansas References Rebuilding It Better: Greensburg, Kansas, Kiowa County Memorial Hospital[1] Contents 1 Overview 2 Highlights 3 Environmental Aspects

315

Enfrocement Letter, Battelle Memorial Institute - May 20, 2010 | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Enfrocement Letter, Battelle Memorial Institute - May 20, 2010 Enfrocement Letter, Battelle Memorial Institute - May 20, 2010 Enfrocement Letter, Battelle Memorial Institute - May 20, 2010 May 20, 2010 Enforcement Letter issued to Battelle Memorial Institute related to an Unintentional Firearm Discharge at the Volpentest HAMMER Training and Education Center at the Hanford Site, The Office of Health, Safety and Security's Office of Enforcement conducted an evaluation of the accidental firearm discharge that occurred in an occupied classroom during training led by Ballelle at the Volpentest HAMMER Training and Education Center (HAMMER) in August 2009. The weapon discharge, which occurred during unsupervised student handling of a handgun, could have resulted in a fatal injury to one of the many students in the classroom. Battelle

316

DOE Cites Battelle Memorial Institute for Price-Anderson Violations |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Memorial Institute for Price-Anderson Violations Memorial Institute for Price-Anderson Violations DOE Cites Battelle Memorial Institute for Price-Anderson Violations January 3, 2008 - 5:04pm Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - The Department of Energy (DOE) today issued a Preliminary Notice of Violation (PNOV) to the Battelle Memorial Institute (Battelle) for nuclear safety violations at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL). Battelle is the managing and operating contractor for PNNL in Richland, Washington. The PNOV today issued a series of violations related to two radiological events that occurred at PNNL during the last year. In December 2006, an airborne release of plutonium from a glovebox in the Radiochemical Processing Laboratory occurred as a result of a split in a vacuum exhaust line caused by an inappropriate modification to the vacuum system. In

317

Whirlpools on the Nanoscale Could Multiply Magnetic Memory  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Whirlpools on the Nanoscale Could Whirlpools on the Nanoscale Could Multiply Magnetic Memory Whirlpools on the Nanoscale Could Multiply Magnetic Memory Print Tuesday, 21 May 2013 00:00 Research at the Advanced Light Source may lead to four-bit magnetic cells housed on nanoscale metal disks, instead of the two-bit magnetic domains of standard magnetic memories. In magnetic vortices, parallel electron spins point either clockwise or counterclockwise, while in their crowded centers the spins point either down or up. "From the scientist's point of view, magnetism is about controlling electron spin," says Peter Fischer of the Materials Sciences Division, who leads the work at beamline 6.1.2. Four orientations could provide multibits in a new kind of memory. The next step is to control the states independently and simultaneously.

318

U-002:Adobe Photoshop Elements Multiple Memory Corruption Vulnerabilities |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

02:Adobe Photoshop Elements Multiple Memory Corruption 02:Adobe Photoshop Elements Multiple Memory Corruption Vulnerabilities U-002:Adobe Photoshop Elements Multiple Memory Corruption Vulnerabilities October 4, 2011 - 11:00am Addthis PROBLEM: Adobe Photoshop Elements Multiple Memory Corruption Vulnerabilities. PLATFORM: Adobe Photoshop Elements 8.0 and earlier versions for Windows. ABSTRACT: A remote user can create a file that, when loaded by the target user, will execute arbitrary code on the target user's system. reference LINKS: Adobe Advisory: APSA11-03 SecurityTracker Alert ID: 1026132 SecurityFocus: CVE-2011-2443 IMPACT ASSESSMENT: High Discussion: A vulnerability was reported in Adobe Photoshop Elements. A remote user can cause arbitrary code to be executed on the target user's system. A remote user can create a specially crafted '.grd' or '.abr' file that,

319

Enfrocement Letter, Battelle Memorial Institute - May 20, 2010 | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Enfrocement Letter, Battelle Memorial Institute - May 20, 2010 Enfrocement Letter, Battelle Memorial Institute - May 20, 2010 Enfrocement Letter, Battelle Memorial Institute - May 20, 2010 May 20, 2010 Enforcement Letter issued to Battelle Memorial Institute related to an Unintentional Firearm Discharge at the Volpentest HAMMER Training and Education Center at the Hanford Site, The Office of Health, Safety and Security's Office of Enforcement conducted an evaluation of the accidental firearm discharge that occurred in an occupied classroom during training led by Ballelle at the Volpentest HAMMER Training and Education Center (HAMMER) in August 2009. The weapon discharge, which occurred during unsupervised student handling of a handgun, could have resulted in a fatal injury to one of the many students in the classroom. Battelle

320

Modesto Memorial Hospital Space Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Memorial Hospital Space Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Memorial Hospital Space Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Modesto Memorial Hospital Space Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Modesto Memorial Hospital Sector Geothermal energy Type Space Heating Location Modesto, California Coordinates 37.6390972°, -120.9968782° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "memorial by-way dedication" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

T-625: Opera Frameset Handling Memory Corruption Vulnerability | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

5: Opera Frameset Handling Memory Corruption Vulnerability 5: Opera Frameset Handling Memory Corruption Vulnerability T-625: Opera Frameset Handling Memory Corruption Vulnerability May 18, 2011 - 3:05pm Addthis PROBLEM: A vulnerability has been reported in Opera, which can be exploited by malicious people to compromise a user's system. PLATFORM: Opera versions prior to 11.11 ABSTRACT: The vulnerability is caused due to an error when handling certain frameset constructs during page unloading and can be exploited to corrupt memory via a specially crafted web page. reference LINKS: Secunia Advisory: SA44611 Opera Knowledge Base Opera 11.11 for Windows Opera Download Opera Mobile IMPACT ASSESSMENT: High Discussion: Framesets allow web pages to hold other pages inside them. Certain frameset constructs are not handled correctly when the page is unloaded, causing a

322

Enforcement Letter, Battelle Memorial Institute - May 5, 2004 | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Battelle Memorial Institute - May 5, 2004 Battelle Memorial Institute - May 5, 2004 Enforcement Letter, Battelle Memorial Institute - May 5, 2004 May 5, 2004 Enforcement Letter issued to Battelle Memorial Institute related to Radiological Work Practices at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory The subject NTS report described multiple deficiencies identified through a DOE-RL assessment of contamination control and survey practices associated with fume hood work at the PNNL Radiochemical Processing Laboratory. The DOE-RL assessment was formally transmitted to PNNL on November 10, 2003. Specific deficiencies identified as part of the DOE assessment included multiple instances of workers failing to perform required contamination self-surveys, workers performing incomplete or cursory self-surveys, and workers failing to perform or

323

Testing fractal connectivity in multivariate long memory processes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Within the framework of long memory multivariate processes, fractal connectivity is a particular model, in which the low frequencies (coarse scales) of the interspectrum of each pair of process components are determined by the autospectra of the components. ...

H. Wendt; A. Scherrer; P. Abry; S. Achard

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Design tradeoffs in modern software transactional memory systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Software Transactional Memory (STM) is a generic non-blocking synchronization construct that enables automatic conversion of correct sequential objects into correct concurrent objects. Because it is nonblocking, STM avoids traditional performance and ...

Virendra J. Marathe; William N. Scherer; Michael L. Scott

2004-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Memory and Decision Making: Determining Action when the Sirens Sound  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Memories, both semantic, or learned knowledge, and episodic, or personal experiences, play an important role in an individuals decision making under risk. In addition, varying levels of knowledge and experience exist in each individual. These ...

Robert Drost

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Direct Elliptic Equation Solvers with Low Memory Requirements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Several simple modifications of the Lindzen-Kuo Gaussian elimination algorithm for solving elliptic differential equations are derived. These modifications greatly decrease the auxiliary memory requirements with only some increase in computation, ...

Mark R. Schoeberl

1980-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Scalable directoryless shared memory coherence using execution migration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We introduce the concept of deadlock-free migration-based coherent shared memory to the NUCA family of architectures. Migration-based architectures move threads among cores to guarantee sequential semantics in large ...

Lis, Mieszko

2010-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

328

Metadata driven memory optimizations in dynamic binary translator  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A dynamic binary translator offers solutions for translating and running source architecture binaries on target architecture at runtime. Regardless of its growing popularity, practical dynamic binary translators usually suffer from the limited optimizations ... Keywords: dynamic binary translator, memory optimizations, metadata

Chaohao Xu; Jianhui Li; Tao Bao; Yun Wang; Bo Huang

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

CudaDMA: optimizing GPU memory bandwidth via warp specialization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As the computational power of GPUs continues to scale with Moore's Law, an increasing number of applications are becoming limited by memory bandwidth. We propose an approach for programming GPUs with tightly-coupled specialized DMA warps for performing ...

Michael Bauer; Henry Cook; Brucek Khailany

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Memory Architectures for Embedded Systems-On-Chip  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Embedded systems are typically designed for one or a few target applications, allowing for customization of the system architecture for the desired system goals such as performance, power and cost. The memory subsystem will continue to present significant ...

Preeti Ranjan Panda; Nikil D. Dutt

2002-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Multi-range force sensors utilizing shape memory alloys  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention provides a multi-range force sensor comprising a load cell made of a shape memory alloy, a strain sensing system, a temperature modulating system, and a temperature monitoring system. The ability of the force sensor to measure contact forces in multiple ranges is effected by the change in temperature of the shape memory alloy. The heating and cooling system functions to place the shape memory alloy of the load cell in either a low temperature, low strength phase for measuring small contact forces, or a high temperature, high strength phase for measuring large contact forces. Once the load cell is in the desired phase, the strain sensing system is utilized to obtain the applied contact force. The temperature monitoring system is utilized to ensure that the shape memory alloy is in one phase or the other.

Varma, Venugopal K. (Knoxville, TN)

2003-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

332

Simple Memory Machine Models for GPUs Koji Nakano  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Simple Memory Machine Models for GPUs Koji Nakano Department of Information Engineering Hiroshima University Kagamiyama 1-4-1, Higashi Hiroshima, 739-8527 Japan Email: nakano@cs.hiroshima-u.ac.jp Abstract

Moreno Maza, Marc

333

Suspended futures : the Vietnamization of South Vietnamese history and memory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Peter. The Archive. History & Memory, Volume 17, NumberFrancis. 1992. The End of History and the Last Man. NewPress. _____. The End of History? The ational Interest. (

Bui, Long Thanh

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Early experience with a commercial hardware transactional memory implementation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We report on our experience with the hardware transactional memory (HTM) feature of two revisions of a prototype multicore processor. Our experience includes a number of promising results using HTM to improve performance in a variety of contexts, and ...

Dave Dice; Yossi Lev; Mark Moir; Dan Nussbaum; Marek Olszewski

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Memory Usage Inference for Object-Oriented Programs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a type-based approach to statically derive symbolic closed-form formulae that characterize the bounds of heap memory usages of programs written in object-oriented languages. Given a program with size and alias ...

Nguyen, Huu Hai

336

Multi-item memory in the primate prefrontal cortex  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The ability to retain multiple items in short-term memory is fundamental for cognition, yet almost nothing is known about its neural basis. To explore the mechanisms underlying this ability, we trained two monkeys to ...

Warden, Melissa R. (Melissa Rhoads)

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Novel Nonvolatile Memories With Engineered Nanocrystal Floating Gate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the device size and lowering the power consumption. In orderpower consumption and nonvolatility. Flash memories are the most frequently used devicespower consumption, fast write performance and extremely good endurance (up to 10 16 cycles for 3.3V devices).

Li, Bei

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Hybrid silicon nanocrystal silicon nitride dynamic random access memory  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper introduces a silicon nanocrystal-silicon nitride hybrid single transistor cell for potential dynamic RAM (DRAM) applications that stores charge in silicon nanocrystals or a silicon nitride charge trapping layer or both. The memory operates ...

R. F. Steimle; M. Sadd; R. Muralidhar; Rajesh Rao; B. Hradsky; S. Straub; B. E. White, Jr.

2003-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Reduced-Memory Decoding of Low-Density Lattice Codes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This letter describes a belief-propagation decoder for low-density lattice codes of finite dimension, in which the messages are represented as single Gaussian functions. Compared to previously-proposed decoders, memory is ...

Kurkoski, Brian

340

George Michael Memorial HPC Fellowship now accepting applications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

George Michael Memorial HPC Fellowship now accepting applications Donald B Johnston, LLNL, (925) 423-4902, johnston19@llnl.gov Printer-friendly Abhinav Bhatele, a 2009 George...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "memorial by-way dedication" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Replay of memories of extended behavior in the rat hippocampus  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The hippocampus is a highly conserved structure in the medial temporal lobe of the brain that is known to be critical for spatial learning in rodents, and spatial and episodic memory in humans. During pauses in exploration, ...

Davidson, Thomas James Damon Cheakamus

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

An Efficient Spectral Dynamical Core for Distributed Memory Computers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The practical question of whether the classical spectral transform method, widely used in atmospheric modeling, can be efficiently implemented on inexpensive commodity clusters is addressed. Typically, such clusters have limited cache and memory ...

L. Rivier; R. Loft; L. M. Polvani

2002-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Enforcement Letter, Battelle Memorial Institute - May 5, 2004 | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Memorial Institute - May 5, 2004 Memorial Institute - May 5, 2004 Enforcement Letter, Battelle Memorial Institute - May 5, 2004 May 5, 2004 Enforcement Letter issued to Battelle Memorial Institute related to Radiological Work Practices at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory The subject NTS report described multiple deficiencies identified through a DOE-RL assessment of contamination control and survey practices associated with fume hood work at the PNNL Radiochemical Processing Laboratory. The DOE-RL assessment was formally transmitted to PNNL on November 10, 2003. Specific deficiencies identified as part of the DOE assessment included multiple instances of workers failing to perform required contamination self-surveys, workers performing incomplete or cursory self-surveys, and workers failing to perform or

344

Topobo : a 3-D constructive assembly system with kinetic memory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We introduce Topobo, a 3-D constructive assembly system em- bedded with kinetic memory, the ability to record and playback physical motion. Unique among modeling systems is Topobo's coincident physical input and output ...

Raffle, Hayes Solos, 1974-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Method for fabricating uranium alloy articles without shape memory effects  

SciTech Connect

Uranium-rich niobium and niobium-zirconium alloys possess a characteristic known as shape memory effect wherein shaped articles of these alloys recover their original shape when heated. The present invention circumvents this memory behavior by forming the alloys into the desired configuration at elevated temperatures with "cold" matched dies and maintaining the shaped articles between the dies until the articles cool to ambient temperature.

Banker, John G. (Boulder, CO)

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Method for fabricating uranium alloy articles without shape memory effects  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Uranium-rich niobium and niobium-zirconium alloys possess a characteristic known as shape memory effect wherein shaped articles of these alloys recover their original shape when heated. The present invention circumvents this memory behavior by forming the alloys into the desired configuration at elevated temperatures with cold matched dies and maintaining the shaped articles between the dies until the articles cool to ambient temperature.

Banker, J.G.

1980-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

347

Formal Specification of the OpenMP Memory Model  

SciTech Connect

OpenMP [2] is an important API for shared memory programming, combining shared memory's potential for performance with a simple programming interface. Unfortunately, OpenMP lacks a critical tool for demonstrating whether programs are correct: a formal memory model. Instead, the current official definition of the OpenMP memory model (the OpenMP 2.5 specification [2]) is in terms of informal prose. As a result, it is impossible to verify OpenMP applications formally since the prose does not provide a formal consistency model that precisely describes how reads and writes on different threads interact. We expand on our previous work that focused on the formal verification of OpenMP programs through a formal memory model [?]. As in that work, our formalization, which is derived from the existing prose model [2], provides a two-step process to verify whether an observed OpenMP execution is conformant. This paper extends the model to cover the entire specification. In addition to this formalization, our contributions include a discussion of ambiguities in the current prose-based memory model description. Although our formal model may not capture the current informal memory model perfectly, in part due to these ambiguities, our model reflects our understanding of the informal model's intent. We conclude with several examples that may indicate areas of the OpenMP memory model that need further refinement, however it is specified. Our goal is to motivate the OpenMP community to adopt those refinements eventually, ideally through a formal model, in later OpenMP specifications.

Bronevetsky, G; de Supinski, B

2006-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

348

Multi mode nano scale Raman echo quantum memory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Low loss magnetic surface plasmon polariton (SPP) modes characterized by enhanced electrical field component and subwavelength confinement on the dielectric and negative-index metamaterial interface are presented. We demonstrate a possibility of storage and perfect retrieval of the low loss magnetic SPP fields by using a photon echo quantum memory on Raman atomic transition. We describe specific properties of the proposed technique which opens a possibility for efficient nano scale multi-mode quantum memory.

S. A. Moiseev; E. S. Moiseev

2010-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

349

Using DMA for copying performance counter data to memory  

SciTech Connect

A device for copying performance counter data includes hardware path that connects a direct memory access (DMA) unit to a plurality of hardware performance counters and a memory device. Software prepares an injection packet for the DMA unit to perform copying, while the software can perform other tasks. In one aspect, the software that prepares the injection packet runs on a processing core other than the core that gathers the hardware performance data.

Gara, Alan; Salapura, Valentina; Wisniewski, Robert W

2013-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

350

Blocked and recovered memories of affective, distinctive, and neutral paragraphs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Highly affective memories have been thought to be longer lasting and more detailed than other memories, and many experimental results have supported this assertion. The apparent robustness of these memories, however, may result from their high distinctiveness, rather than their emotional content. Two experiments tested free and cued recall for negative affect, distinctive, and neutral paragraphs. Experiment 1 compared neutral and negative affect paragraphs using a blocked and recovered memory technique. Affective paragraphs were remembered significantly better than neutral paragraphs in free recall of paragraph titles, regardless of condition. Details of neutral paragraphs were remembered significantly better than affective paragraphs, regardless of condition. No recovery effect was found. Experiment 2 compared distinctive and neutral paragraphs using the same technique. Free recall of paragraph titles did not differ between paragraph types. Neutral paragraphs were remembered better than distinctive paragraphs in cued recall, regardless of condition. Participants remembered significantly more with cued recall, and significantly more in the forget condition, and distinctive paragraphs were subject to a much greater forgetting effect than neutral paragraphs. It is unclear why a robust forgetting effect, using these stimuli, was not found. Consistent with previous literature, affective stimuli were remembered well, but inconsistently, distinctive stimuli were not. These results provide support for the claim that negative affect memories are more robust than other memories. This may result from their inherent emotional content as opposed to their being distinctive in some way.

Corbisier, Barbara Lynn

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Effects of Constrained Aging on the Shape Memory Response of Nickel Rich Niti Shape Memory Alloys  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ni50.6Ti49.4 single and Ni52Ti48 polycrystalline shape memory alloy samples were subjected to aging under a uniaxial stress, to form a single Ni4Ti3 precipitate variant and to investigate the effects of single versus multi-variant coherent precipitates on the shape memory characteristics including two-way shape memory effect (TWSME). Shape memory and superelasticity properties along with the effects of stress and temperature on the transformation temperatures, strain, hysteresis, dimensional stability, and R-phase formation were investigated. This was accomplished through the use of isobaric thermal cycling and superelasticity experiments and various microscopy techniques that included transmission electron microscopy (TEM), scanning electron microscopy, and optical microcopy. The results showed that it is feasible to use constrained aging to bias R-phase martensite variants upon cooling from austenite without any external stress, however, accomplishing this with B19martensite was much harder as complete TWSME was only found in the Ni50.6Ti49.4 single crystalline sample oriented along the [112] direction. The onset of irrecoverable strain corresponded to the R-phase temperature hysteresis increase in the single crystalline samples regardless of the aging conditions. Through TEM analysis it was discovered that [112] and [114] twins were found in austenite due to plastic deformation of martensite during the superelasticity experiments. Since [112] twins are theoretically impossible to form in austenite, and since martensite was plastically deformed, [112] austenite twins were attributed to the transformation of compound twins in martensite, in particular [113] martensite twins formed during the plastic deformation of martensite, into austenite twins. In the Ni52Ti48 polycrystalline samples, a compressive R-phase variant was biased through constrained aging under 100 and 200 MPa uniaxial tensile stresses at 400C and 450C. Aging, in all conditions, produced a high density of Ni4Ti3 precipitates that was most likely responsible for the small transformation strain observed, less that 2%, upon transformation to martensite. In the future, samples with compositions between 50.8 and 51.5 Ni atomic percent, in addition to altered solution and aging heat treatments as compared to those used in this study should be investigated as it is believed that samples with these compositions will yield better and consistent TWSME responses through constrained aging.

Barrie, Fatmata Haja

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Apparatus for loading shape memory gripper mechanisms  

SciTech Connect

A method and apparatus for loading deposit material, such as an embolic coil, into a shape memory polymer (SMP) gripping/release mechanism. The apparatus enables the application of uniform pressure to secure a grip by the SMP mechanism on the deposit material via differential pressure between, for example, vacuum within the SMP mechanism and hydrostatic water pressure on the exterior of the SMP mechanism. The SMP tubing material of the mechanism is heated to above the glass transformation temperature (Tg) while reshaping, and subsequently cooled to below Tg to freeze the shape. The heating and/or cooling may, for example, be provided by the same water applied for pressurization or the heating can be applied by optical fibers packaged to the SMP mechanism for directing a laser beam, for example, thereunto. At a point of use, the deposit material is released from the SMP mechanism by reheating the SMP material to above the temperature Tg whereby it returns to its initial shape. The reheating of the SM material may be carried out by injecting heated fluid (water) through an associated catheter or by optical fibers and an associated beam of laser light, for example.

Lee, Abraham P. (Walnut Creek, CA); Benett, William J. (Livermore, CA); Schumann, Daniel L. (Concord, CA); Krulevitch, Peter A. (Pleasanton, CA); Fitch, Joseph P. (Livermore, CA)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

Memory of Quark Matter Card Game  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Scientists at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC, BNL) recently discovered, that the hottest known form of matter is not a gas, but acts like a fluid. Furthermore, this fluid of quarks expands and flows much more perfectly than water or any other well known fluid. This aspect of the RHIC discovery can be introduced even to primary levels of physics education, noting that the usual solid to liquid to gas sequence of phase transitions now are known to be followed by a transition to a nearly perfect fluid, a liquid of quarks, at the largest temperatures made by humans. The educational games described herein were invented by middle school students, members of a Science Club in Hungary. The games were invented for their entertainment, the educational applications in teaching high energy particle and nuclear physics to laypersons are quite unexpected but most welcomed. This manuscript describes games with a deck of cards called Quark Matter cards, where each card represents an elementary particle. The games include an important contribution by Angela Melocoton, an administrator of the Guests, Users and Visitors (GUV) Center at BNL. It describes in simple terms, how to play the Memory of Quark Matter style card games.

J. Csrg?; Cs. Trk; T. Csrg?

2013-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

354

Archives and History Office: SLAC Staff and Faculty Memorials and Tributes  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Short Features > SLAC Staff and Faculty Memorials and Tributes Short Features > SLAC Staff and Faculty Memorials and Tributes SLAC Staff and Faculty Memorials and Tributes Hugh Steckol memorial magnolia -- since replaced (Halbo-4) Panofsky Grove stone and marker (Halbo-1) Joe Ballam memorial tree (Halbo-12) Throughout its history, the staff, faculty and site office personnel at the SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory have chosen to honor co-workers with a variety of lasting tributes and memorials. In some instances, former staff or their families have presented one of these landscaping tributes to SLAC. The list below provides the names of those who have given or received tributes or memorials, and the accompanying pdf map shows the tribute or memorial locations on the SLAC site. The SLAC Archives and History Office is indebted to Finn Halbo, who compiled all of the information on memorials and tributes made from 1962 through 2000.

355

Performance and scalability evaluation of "Big Memory" on Blue Gene Linux.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We address memory performance issues observed in Blue Gene Linux and discuss the design and implementation of 'Big Memory' - an alternative, transparent memory space introduced to eliminate the memory performance issues. We evaluate the performance of Big Memory using custom memory benchmarks, NAS Parallel Benchmarks, and the Parallel Ocean Program, at a scale of up to 4,096 nodes. We find that Big Memory successfully resolves the performance issues normally encountered in Blue Gene Linux. For the ocean simulation program, we even find that Linux with Big Memory provides better scalability than does the lightweight compute node kernel designed solely for high-performance applications. Originally intended exclusively for compute node tasks, our new memory subsystem dramatically improves the performance of certain I/O node applications as well. We demonstrate this performance using the central processor of the LOw Frequency ARray radio telescope as an example.

Yoshii, K.; Iskra, K.; Naik, H.; Beckman, P.; Broekema, P. C. (LCF); ( MCS); (Netherlands Inst. for Radio Astronomy)

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Al-Ckpt: Leveraging Memory Access Patterns for Adaptive Asynchronous  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Al-Ckpt: Leveraging Memory Access Patterns for Adaptive Asynchronous Al-Ckpt: Leveraging Memory Access Patterns for Adaptive Asynchronous Incremental Checkpointing Title Al-Ckpt: Leveraging Memory Access Patterns for Adaptive Asynchronous Incremental Checkpointing Publication Type Conference Proceedings Year of Publication 2013 Authors Nicolae, B, Cappello, F Conference Name HPDC'13 Conference Location New York City Abstract With increasing scale and complexity of supercomputing and cloud computing architectures, faults are becoming a frequent occurrence, which makes reliability a difficult challenge. Although for some applications it is enough to restart failed tasks, there is a large class of applications where tasks run for a long time or are tightly coupled, thus making a restart from scratch unfeasible. Checkpoint-Restart (CR), the main method to survive failures for such applications faces additional challenges in this context: not only does it need to minimize the performance overhead on the application due to checkpointing, but it also needs to operate with scarce resources. Given the iterative nature of the targeted applications, we launch the assumption that first-time writes to memory during asynchronous checkpointing generate the same kind of interference as they did in past iterations. Based on this assumption, we propose novel asynchronous checkpointing approach that leverages both current and past access pattern trends in order to optimize the order in which memory pages are flushed to stable storage. Large scale experiments show up to 60% improvement when compared to state-of-art checkpointing approaches, all this achievable with an extra memory requirement of less than 5% of the total application memory.

357

DEDICATION Loyd Henry Forrest Jr.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

samples are overwhelmingly in favor of AD technology. Keywords Anaerobic digester, biogas, electricity (and other organic matter) and produces methane, a biogas that can be captured and used to generate about by waste disposal, and it produces biogas, which is a source of renewable energy. Thus, AD can

358

Signature Page.........................................................................................................iii Dedication  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ii The dissertation of Suzanne Noelle Lyons is approved, and it is acceptable in quality and form for publication on microfilm:

Yehuda Bock; Kevin Brown; Robert Parker

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

DEDICATED HEAVY ION MEDICAL ACCELERATORS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

et al. , ,8iological and Medical Research with Acceleratedet al. , "Biological and Medical Research with J\\cceleratedic Heavy Ions in Medical and Scientific Research, Edmonton,

Gough, R.A.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Decoupled DIMM: Building High-Bandwidth Memory System from Low-Speed DRAM Devices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The widespread use of multicore processors has dramatically increased the demands on high bandwidth and large capacity from memory systems. In a conventional DDRx DRAM memory system, the memory bus and DRAM devices run at the same data rate. To improve memory bandwidth, we propose a new memory system design called decoupled DIMM that allows the memory bus to operate at a data rate much higher than that of the DRAM devices. In the design, a synchronization buffer is added to relay data between the slow DRAM devices and the fast memory bus; and memory access scheduling is revised to avoid access conflicts on memory ranks. The design not only improves memory bandwidth beyond what can be supported by current memory devices, but also improves reliability, power efficiency, and cost effectiveness by using relatively slow memory devices. The idea of decoupling, precisely the decoupling of bandwidth match between memory bus and a single rank of devices, can also be applied to other types of memory systems including FB-DIMM. Our experimental results show that a decoupled DIMM system of 2667MT/s bus data rate and 1333MT/s device data rate improves the performance of memory-intensive workloads by 51 % on average over a conventional memory system of 1333MT/s data rate. Alternatively, a decoupled DIMM system of 1600MT/s bus data rate and 800MT/s device data rate incurs only 8 % performance loss when compared with a conventional system of 1600MT/s data rate, with 16 % reduction on the memory power consumption and 9 % saving of memory energy.

Hongzhong Zheng; Jiang Lin; Zhao Zhang; Zhichun Zhu

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "memorial by-way dedication" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Performance analysis of memory hierachies in high performance systems  

SciTech Connect

This thesis studies memory bandwidth as a performance predictor of programs. The focus of this work is on computationally intensive programs. These programs are the most likely to access large amounts of data, stressing the memory system. Computationally intensive programs are also likely to use highly optimizing compilers to produce the fastest executables possible. Methods to reduce the amount of data traffic by increasing the average number of references to each item while it resides in the cache are explored. Increasing the average number of references to each cache item reduces the number of memory requests. Chapter 2 describes the DLX architecture. This is the architecture on which all the experiments were performed. Chapter 3 studies memory moves as a performance predictor for a group of application programs. Chapter 4 introduces a model to study the performance of programs in the presence of memory hierarchies. Chapter 5 explores some compiler optimizations that can help increase the references to each item while it resides in the cache.

Yogesh, A.

1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Solid state quantum memory using the 31P nuclear spin  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The transfer of information between different physical forms is a central theme in communication and computation, for example between processing entities and memory. Nowhere is this more crucial than in quantum computation, where great effort must be taken to protect the integrity of a fragile quantum bit. Nuclear spins are known to benefit from long coherence times compared to electron spins, but are slow to manipulate and suffer from weak thermal polarisation. A powerful model for quantum computation is thus one in which electron spins are used for processing and readout while nuclear spins are used for storage. Here we demonstrate the coherent transfer of a superposition state in an electron spin 'processing' qubit to a nuclear spin 'memory' qubit, using a combination of microwave and radiofrequency pulses applied to 31P donors in an isotopically pure 28Si crystal. The electron spin state can be stored in the nuclear spin on a timescale that is long compared with the electron decoherence time and then coherently transferred back to the electron spin, thus demonstrating the 31P nuclear spin as a solid-state quantum memory. The overall store/readout fidelity is about 90%, attributed to systematic imperfections in radiofrequency pulses which can be improved through the use of composite pulses. We apply dynamic decoupling to protect the nuclear spin quantum memory element from sources of decoherence. The coherence lifetime of the quantum memory element is found to exceed one second at 5.5K.

John J. L. Morton; Alexei M. Tyryshkin; Richard M. Brown; Shyam Shankar; Brendon W. Lovett; Arzhang Ardavan; Thomas Schenkel; Eugene E. Haller; Joel W. Ager; S. A. Lyon

2008-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

363

Self-correcting quantum memory in a thermal environment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The ability to store information is of fundamental importance to any computer, be it classical or quantum. To identify systems for quantum memories, which rely, analogously to classical memories, on passive error protection (''self-correction''), is of greatest interest in quantum information science. While systems with topological ground states have been considered to be promising candidates, a large class of them was recently proven unstable against thermal fluctuations. Here, we propose two-dimensional (2D) spin models unaffected by this result. Specifically, we introduce repulsive long-range interactions in the toric code and establish a memory lifetime polynomially increasing with the system size. This remarkable stability is shown to originate directly from the repulsive long-range nature of the interactions. We study the time dynamics of the quantum memory in terms of diffusing anyons and support our analytical results with extensive numerical simulations. Our findings demonstrate that self-correcting quantum memories can exist in 2D at finite temperatures.

Chesi, Stefano; Roethlisberger, Beat; Loss, Daniel [Department of Physics, University of Basel, Klingelbergstrasse 82, CH-4056 Basel (Switzerland)

2010-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

364

Preservation of Memory for People in Semantic Memory Disorder: Further Category-Specific Semantic Dissociation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper focuses on how we represent biographical knowledge of familiar people, compared with other kinds of semantic information. Neuropsychological evidence appears to suggest that semantic memory has a categorical structure (see Caramazza & Shelton, 1998; McCarthy & Warrington, 1994). Dissociations have been described, for example, in which knowledge of inanimate categories (such as furniture and clothing) is better preserved than knowledge about living or animate categories (e.g., animals, birds). The reverse dissociation has also been reported, though more rarely, in which knowledge of living things is better preserved (e.g., Warrington & McCarthy, 1987). Some authors have claimed that apparent preservation of knowledge of inanimate objects is really an artifact of their greater familiarity or simpler structure when represented as line drawings (Funnell & Sheridan, 1992; Stewart, Parkin, & Hunkin, 1992). However, a nonliving > living dissociation can be observed even when potentially confounding factors are controlled (Farah, Meyer, & McMullen, 1996), and artifactual accounts cannot explain the reverse dissociation (living> nonliving) . Rather than suggesting that semantic memory has a taxonomic structure, however, findings such as these have been taken to indicate that semantic representations for different kinds of things in the COGNITIVENEUROPSYCHOLOGY, 2002, 19 (2), 113--133 2002 Psychology Press Ltd http://www.tandf.co.uk/journals/pp/02643294.html DOI:10.1080/02643290143000114 113 Requests for reprints should be addressed to Dr J.M. Kay, Department of Psychology, Exeter University, Exeter EX4 4QG, UK (Tel: 44 1392 264626; Fax: 44 1392 264623; Email: j.m.kay@exeter.ac.uk)

Janice Kay; J. Richard Hanley

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

T-622: Adobe Acrobat and Reader Unspecified Memory Corruption Vulnerability  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

22: Adobe Acrobat and Reader Unspecified Memory Corruption 22: Adobe Acrobat and Reader Unspecified Memory Corruption Vulnerability T-622: Adobe Acrobat and Reader Unspecified Memory Corruption Vulnerability May 13, 2011 - 3:25am Addthis PROBLEM: Adobe Acrobat and Reader contain a vulnerability that could allow an unauthenticated, remote attacker to execute arbitrary code on the targeted system. PLATFORM: Adobe Reader versions 9.4.1 and prior, versions 8.2.5 and prior, and version 10.0 Acrobat Standard and Professional versions 9.4.1 and prior and version 10.0 Acrobat Standard and Professional versions 8.2.5 and prior Acrobat Professional Extended versions 9.4.1 and prior Acrobat 3D versions 8.2.5 and prior Adobe Flash Player versions 10.2.159.1 and prior for Windows, Macintosh, Linux, and Solaris ABSTRACT: The vulnerability is due to an unspecified error in the affected software

366

Battelle Memorial Institute, Pacific Northwest Division Smart Grid  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Battelle Memorial Institute, Pacific Northwest Division Smart Grid Battelle Memorial Institute, Pacific Northwest Division Smart Grid Demonstration Project Jump to: navigation, search Project Lead Battelle Memorial Institute, Pacific Northwest Division Country United States Headquarters Location Richland, Washington Recovery Act Funding $88,821,251.00 Total Project Value $177,642,503.00 Coordinates 46.2856907°, -119.2844621° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

367

The Pilgrim: A New Consistency Protocol for Distributed Shared Memory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose a new consistency protocol for distributed shared memory (DSM) where different shared objects are replicated at each site. This protocol was developed for the cooperative platform called CAliF: Cooperative Application Framework. This system uses the DSM to allow programmers to share objects or variables without having to manage the exchange. We present an algorithm which uses the token technique. The token is data structure which contains the updates of shared data. These data are carried through the ring on the token, named Pilgrim. Pilgrim protocol provides both reliable consistency and guaranteed performance according to the type of application described. The protocol is discussed and proved, and we demonstrate its qualities. Key words: consistency protocol, cooperative work, distributed shared memory, virtual ring. 1 Introduction In this paper, we propose a new consistency protocol for distributed shared memory (DSM) where different shared objects are replicated at eac...

H. Guyennet; J-c. Lapayre; M. Trhel

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Standards for message-passing in a distributed memory environment  

SciTech Connect

This report presents a summary of the main ideas presented at the First CRPC Work-shop on Standards for Message Passing in a Distributed Memory Environment, held April 29-30, 1992, in Williamsburg, Virginia. This workshop attracted 68 attendees including representative from major hardware and software vendors, and was the first in a series of workshops sponsored by the Center for Research on Parallel Computation. The aim of this series of workshops is to develop and implement a standard for message passing on distributed memory concurrent computers, thereby making it easier to develop efficient, portable application codes for such machines. The report discusses the main issues raised in the CRPC workshop, and describes proposed desirable features of a message passing standard for distributed memory environments.

Walker, D.W.

1992-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Quantum teleportation between remote atomic-ensemble quantum memories  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Quantum teleportation and quantum memory are two crucial elements for large-scale quantum networks. With the help of prior distributed entanglement as a "quantum channel", quantum teleportation provides an intriguing means to faithfully transfer quantum states among distant locations without actual transmission of the physical carriers. Quantum memory enables controlled storage and retrieval of fast-flying photonic quantum bits with stationary matter systems, which is essential to achieve the scalability required for large-scale quantum networks. Combining these two capabilities, here we realize quantum teleportation between two remote atomic-ensemble quantum memory nodes, each composed of 100 million rubidium atoms and connected by a 150-meter optical fiber. The spinwave state of one atomic ensemble is mapped to a propagating photon, and subjected to Bell-state measurements with another single photon that is entangled with the spinwave state of the other ensemble. Two-photon detection events herald the succe...

Bao, Xiao-Hui; Li, Che-Ming; Yuan, Zhen-Sheng; Lu, Chao-Yang; Pan, Jian-Wei

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Method of preparing a two-way shape memory alloy  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A two-way shape memory alloy, a method of training a shape memory alloy, and a heat engine employing the two-way shape memory alloy to do external work during both heating and cooling phases are disclosed. The alloy is heated under a first training stress to a temperature which is above the upper operating temperature of the alloy, then cooled to a cold temperature below the zero-force transition temperature of the alloy, then deformed while applying a second training stress which is greater in magnitude than the stress at which the alloy is to be operated, then heated back to the hot temperature, changing from the second training stress back to the first training stress. 8 figs.

Johnson, A.D.

1984-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

371

Method of preparing a two-way shape memory alloy  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A two-way shape memory alloy, a method of training a shape memory alloy, and a heat engine employing the two-way shape memory alloy to do external work during both heating and cooling phases. The alloy is heated under a first training stress to a temperature which is above the upper operating temperature of the alloy, then cooled to a cold temperature below the zero-force transition temperature of the alloy, then deformed while applying a second training stress which is greater in magnitude than the stress at which the alloy is to be operated, then heated back to the hot temperature, changing from the second training stress back to the first training stress.

Johnson, Alfred D. (5383 Bancroft Ave., Oakland, CA 94601)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Memorandum Memorializing Ex Parte Communication | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Memorandum Memorializing Ex Parte Communication Memorandum Memorializing Ex Parte Communication Memorandum Memorializing Ex Parte Communication On March 31, 2011, a call was held between the Department of Energy and representatives from Cameco. The purpose of the call was to discuss DOE's Notice of Inquiry and request for comment to assist in its development of regulations pertaining to Section 934 of the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007, as published in the Federal Register on July 27, 2010 (75 FR 43945). Section 934 addresses how the United States will meet its obligations under the Convention on Supplementary Compensation ("CSC") for Nuclear Damage, including its obligation to contribute to an international supplementary fund in the event of certain nuclear incidents. Section 934 authorized DOE to issue regulations establishing a

373

Biomedical Applications of Thermally Activated Shape Memory Polymers  

SciTech Connect

Shape memory polymers (SMPs) are smart materials that can remember a primary shape and can return to this primary shape from a deformed secondary shape when given an appropriate stimulus. This property allows them to be delivered in a compact form via minimally invasive surgeries in humans, and deployed to achieve complex final shapes. Here we review the various biomedical applications of SMPs and the challenges they face with respect to actuation and biocompatibility. While shape memory behavior has been demonstrated with heat, light and chemical environment, here we focus our discussion on thermally stimulated SMPs.

Small IV, W; Singhal, P; Wilson, T S; Maitland, D J

2009-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

374

Application of Floquet theory to dynamical systems with memory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We extend the recently developed generalized Floquet theory [Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 170602 (2013)] to systems with infinite memory. In particular, we show that a lower asymptotic bound exists for the Floquet exponents associated to such cases. As examples, we analyze the cases of an ideal 1D system, a Brownian particle, and a circuit resonator with an ideal transmission line. All these examples show the usefulness of this new approach to the study of dynamical systems with memory, which are ubiquitous in science and technology.

Fabio L. Traversa; Massimiliano Di Ventra; Federica Cappelluti; Fabrizio Bonani

2013-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

375

Dynamically Tunable Memory in Two-Component Gene Circuit  

SciTech Connect

Cell has the potential to remember the environmental conditions for many (10{sup 7}) generations but stochastic fluctuations set a fundamental limit on the stability of this memory. Here we explicitly take the binding-unbinding of macromolecules into account to propose a novel rationale for the protein-protein interaction in cell physiology. Based on the first-exit time and the corresponding deterministic characterization of various genetic circuits, we show that the reversible binding dynamics may stabilize non-genetically inherited cell states, providing a practical strategy for designing robust epigenetic memory.

Ghim, C; Almaas, E

2008-09-05T23:59:59.000Z

376

Circuit design for embedded memory in low-power integrated circuits  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis explores the challenges for integrating embedded static random access memory (SRAM) and non-volatile memory-based on ferroelectric capacitor technology-into lowpower integrated circuits. First considered is the ...

Qazi, Masood

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

21F.013 Out of Ground Zero: Catastrophe and Memory, Fall 2002  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Subject offers a cross-cultural and trans-historical perspective on the problems of catastrophe and the process of memorializing. It asks what media and various art forms can offer to the project of collective memory. It ...

Scribner, Charity

378

An electron optical technique for large-capacity random-access memories  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Memories of the electron beam recording type have many desirable features for large capacity applications. At the Wescon Conference of 1958, the author proposed a class of electron optical memories of very high storage density under the title, "Information ...

Sterling P. Newberry

1966-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Simulation of human episodic memory by using a computational model of the hippocampus  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The episodic memory, the memory of personal events and history, is essential for understanding the mechanism of human intelligence. Neuroscience evidence has shown that the hippocampus, a part of the limbic system, plays an important role in the encoding ...

Naoyuki Sato; Yoko Yamaguchi

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Dynamic task scheduling for linear algebra algorithms on distributed-memory multicore systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a dynamic task scheduling approach to executing dense linear algebra algorithms on multicore systems (either shared-memory or distributed-memory). We use a task-based library to replace the existing linear algebra subroutines such ...

Fengguang Song; Asim YarKhan; Jack Dongarra

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

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381

A realistic evaluation of memory hardware errors and software system susceptibility  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Memory hardware reliability is an indispensable part of whole-system dependability. This paper presents the collection of realistic memory hardware error traces (including transient and non-transient errors) from production computer systems with more ...

Xin Li; Michael C. Huang; Kai Shen; Lingkun Chu

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

A memory mapping approach for network and controller optimization in parallel interleaver architectures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recent communication standards and storage systems uses parallel architectures for error correcting codes (LDPC or Turbo-codes) to reliably transfer data between two equipments. However, parallel architectures suffer from memory access conflicts. In ... Keywords: interleavers, memory mapping, parallel architectures

Aroua Briki; Cyrille Chavet; Philippe Coussy

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Computational Models for Materials with Shape Memory: Towards a Systematic Description of Coupled Phenomena  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we propose a systematic methodology for improving computational efficiency of models describing the dynamics of materials with memory as part of multilayered structures, in particular in thermoelectric shape memory alloys actuators. The ...

Roderick V. N. Melnik; Anthony J. Roberts

2002-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

A direct approach to control-flow sensitive region-based memory management  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Region-based memory management can be used to control dynamic memory allocations and deallocations safely and efficiently. Existing (direct-style) region systems that statically guarantee region safety---no dereferencing of dangling pointers---are based ...

Fritz Henglein; Henning Makholm; Henning Niss

2001-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Mechanical Properties of High Strength NiTiHfPd Shape Memory ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About this Abstract. Meeting, Materials Science & Technology 2011. Symposium, Shape Memory Alloys. Presentation Title, Mechanical Properties of High...

386

Modification of NiTi Shape Memory Alloy Functional Properties Via ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

However, by utilizing the unprecedented multiple memory material (MMM) technology the functional properties of a monolithic component can be locally...

387

Momentum transfer resolved memory in a magnetic system with perpendicular anisotropy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

our memory measurements than a true ACF since the read-outnoise, which dominates the ACF when the scattering intensity

Seu, Keoki

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

HykSort: a new variant of hypercube quicksort on distributed memory architectures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we present HykSort, an optimized comparison sort for distributed memory architectures that attains more than 2 improvement over bitonic sort and samplesort. The algorithm is based on the hypercube quicksort, but instead of a binary ... Keywords: bitonic sort, distributed-memory parallelism, hypercube, parallel algorithms, quicksort, samplesort, shared-memory parallelism, sorting

Hari Sundar, Dhairya Malhotra, George Biros

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

DRDU: A data reuse analysis technique for efficient scratch-pad memory management  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In multimedia and other streaming applications, a significant portion of energy is spent on data transfers. Exploiting data reuse opportunities in the application, we can reduce this energy by making copies of frequently used data in a small local memory ... Keywords: Scratch-pad memory management, compiler analysis, data reuse analysis, memory hierarchy

Ilya Issenin; Erik Brockmeyer; Miguel Miranda; Nikil Dutt

2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Run-Time Power-Down Strategies for Real-Time SDRAM Memory Controllers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. PDTRANS PUP Figure 1: Power-Down Transitions 3.3 Arbiters and Latency-Rate Servers Real-time SDRAM memory on the memory state and the power- down duration, for both the power-down strategies. We experimentally evaluate, the tTRANS parameter gives the transition in timing constraint before the memory can switch to a power

Epema, Dick H.J.

391

The impact of Microsoft Windows pool allocation strategies on memory forensics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An image of a computer's physical memory can provide a forensic examiner with a wealth of information. A small area of system memory, the nonpaged pool, contains lots of information about currently and formerly active processes. As this paper shows, ... Keywords: Microsoft Windows, Pool memory, Process Persistence, Volatile data

Andreas Schuster

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

A comparison of programming models for multiprocessors with explicitly managed memory hierarchies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

On multiprocessors with explicitly managed memory hierarchies (EMM), software has the responsibility of moving data in and out of fast local memories. This task can be complex and error-prone even for expert programmers. Before we can allow compilers ... Keywords: cell be, explicitly managed memory hierarchies, programming models

Scott Schneider; Jae-Seung Yeom; Benjamin Rose; John C. Linford; Adrian Sandu; Dimitrios S. Nikolopoulos

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

kMemvisor: flexible system wide memory mirroring in virtual environments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Today's commercial cloud service providers require the availability with an annual uptime percentage at least 99.95\\%. While memory errors become norms instead of exceptions with the increasing memory's density and capacity in cloud applications. Thus, ... Keywords: flexible memory mirroring, system-wide high availability

Bin Wang; Zhengwei Qi; Haibing Guan; Haoliang Dong; Wei Sun; Yaozu Dong

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Exploring hybrid memory for GPU energy efficiency through software-hardware co-design  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Hybrid memory designs, such as DRAM plus Phase Change Memory (PCM), have shown some promise for alleviating power and density issues faced by traditional memory systems. But previous studies have concentrated on CPU systems with a modest level of parallelism. ... Keywords: GPU, NVRAM, co-design, energy efficiency

Bin Wang, Bo Wu, Dong Li, Xipeng Shen, Weikuan Yu, Yizheng Jiao, Jeffrey S. Vetter

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Transactional auto scaler: elastic scaling of in-memory transactional data grids  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we introduce TAS (Transactional Auto Scaler), a system for automating elastic-scaling of in-memory transactional data grids, such as NoSQL data stores or Distributed Transactional Memories. Applications of TAS range from on-line self-optimization ... Keywords: analytical models, autonomic provisioning, distributed software transactional memory, performance evaluation

Diego Didona; Paolo Romano; Sebastiano Peluso; Francesco Quaglia

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Crystallographic Boundary in a Magnetic Shape Memory Material  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Crystallographic Boundary in a Crystallographic Boundary in a Magnetic Shape Memory Material Crystallographic Boundary in a Magnetic Shape Memory Material Print Wednesday, 18 April 2012 11:37 A research team has shown the existence of a special structural boundary in an intermetallic compound by combining the unique measurement facilities at the ALS, the single-crystal production capabilities of Tohoku University (Japan), and the materials science expertise of Johannes-Gutenberg-University (Germany). Conventional shape memory materials, such as the commercially available Nitinol (an alloy of nickel and titanium used in microsensing, actuation, and medical devices), undergo a phase transformation with cooling or heating when large areas of a sample distort along a single axis, and where the atomic-unit cell "stretching" from a cube to a rectangular prism occurs. In contrast, magnetic shape memory (MSM) materials are much more rare but have an advantage: The axis of magnetic anisotropy is coupled to the direction of stretching, so a perfect MSM crystal can be made to flex and bend reversibly by applying an external magnetic field.

397

Experimental demonstration of associative memory with memristive neural networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Synapses are essential elements for computation and information storage in both real and artificial neural systems. An artificial synapse needs to remember its past dynamical history, store a continuous set of states, and be ''plastic'' according to ... Keywords: Memory, Neural network hardware, Neural networks, Resistance

Yuriy V. Pershin; Massimiliano Di Ventra

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Installation package for Hyde Memorial Observatory, Lincoln, Nebraska  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report contains installation information for a solar heating system installed in Hyde Memorial Observatory at Lincoln, Nebraska. This package includes a system operation and maintenance manual, hardware brochures, schematics, system operating modes and drawings. The Solar Engineering and Equipment Company (SEECO) developed this prototype solar heating system, which consists of the following subsystems: solar collector, control, and storage.

Not Available

1978-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

A DVS-based pipelined reconfigurable instruction memory  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Energy consumption is of significant concern in battery operated embedded systems. In the processors of such systems, the instruction cache consumes a significant fraction of the total energy. One of the most popular methods to reduce the energy consumption ... Keywords: instruction cache, low power, reconfigurable memory

Zhiguo Ge; Tulika Mitra; Weng-Fai Wong

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Memory-based heuristics for explicit state spaces  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In many scenarios, quickly solving a relatively small search problem with an arbitrary start and arbitrary goal state is important (e.g., GPS navigation). In order to speed this process, we introduce a new class of memory-based heuristics, called true ...

Nathan R. Sturtevant; Ariel Felner; Max Barrer; Jonathan Schaeffer; Neil Burch

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "memorial by-way dedication" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

The case for hardware transactional memory in software packet processing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Software packet processing is becoming more important to enable differentiated and rapidly-evolving network services. With increasing numbers of programmable processor and accelerator cores per network node, it is a challenge to support sharing and synchronization ... Keywords: packet processing, transactional memory

Martin Labrecque; J. Gregory Steffan

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Electrical characterization of a trilayer germanium nanocrystal memory device  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we report the effects of the thickness of the middle layer and the rapid thermal oxide (RTO) layer on the charge storage capability of the trilayer devices. The capacitance versus voltage (C-V) measurements showed that devices with ... Keywords: capacitance-voltage (C-V), germanium, memory, nanocrystal

Vincent Ho; M. S. Tay; C. H. Moey; L. W. Teo; W. K. Choi; W. K. Chim; C. L. Heng; Y. Lei

2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

CATA: a garbage collection scheme for flash memory file systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The problem of flash memory is that it cannot be overwritten unless erased in advance. In order to avoid having to erase during every update, non-in-place-update schemes have been widely used. In case of non-in-place update mechanism, garbage collection ...

Longzhe Han; Yeonseung Ryu; Keunsoo Yim

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Understanding the Energy Consumption of Dynamic Random Access Memories  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Energy consumption has become a major constraint on the capabilities of computer systems. In large systems the energy consumed by Dynamic Random Access Memories (DRAM) is a significant part of the total energy consumption. It is possible to calculate ... Keywords: DRAM, power

Thomas Vogelsang

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Memory Efficient Algorithms for Structural Alignment of RNAs with Pseudoknots  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we consider the problem of structural alignment of a target RNA sequence of length n and a query RNA sequence of length m with known secondary structure that may contain simple pseudoknots or embedded simple pseudoknots. The best known ... Keywords: Noncoding RNAs, pseudoknot, structural alignment, memory efficient algorithm.

Thomas K. F. Wong; Y. S. Chiu; T. W. Lam; S. M. Yiu

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

MEMMU: Memory expansion for MMU-less embedded systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Random access memory (RAM) is tightly constrained in the least expensive, lowest-power embedded systems such as sensor network nodes and portable consumer electronics. The most widely used sensor network nodes have only 4 to 10KB of RAM and do not contain ... Keywords: Data compression, embedded system, wireless sensor network

Lan S. Bai; Lei Yang; Robert P. Dick

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Quantum Cryptographic Network based on Quantum Memories Computer Science Department  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Quantum Cryptographic Network based on Quantum Memories Eli Biham Computer Science Department, Switzerland Tal Mor Department of Physics Technion Haifa 32000, Israel (September 24, 1996) Abstract Quantum transmission of information. We present a quantum cryptographic system, in which users store particles

Biham, Eli

408

Measuring the performance of parallel computers with distributed memory  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Basic techniques for measuring the performance of parallel computers with distributed memory are considered. The results obtained via the de-facto standard LINPACK benchmark suite are shown to be weakly related to the efficiency of applied parallel programs. ... Keywords: HPC, MIMD, cluster, communication expenses, data processing, high-performance computing, optimization, parallel computations, performance, supercomputer

R. A. Iushchenko

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Brief announcement: subgraph isomorphism on a multithreaded shared memory architecture  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Graph algorithms tend to suffer poor performance due to the irregularity of access patterns within general graph data structures, arising from poor data locality, which translates to high memory latency. The result is that advances in high-performance ... Keywords: cray xmt, graphs, mutlithreading, subgraph isomorphism

Claire C. Ralph; Vitus J. Leung; William McLendon, III

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

System for loading executable code into volatile memory in a downhole tool  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A system for loading an executable code into volatile memory in a downhole tool string component comprises a surface control unit comprising executable code. An integrated downhole network comprises data transmission elements in communication with the surface control unit and the volatile memory. The executable code, stored in the surface control unit, is not permanently stored in the downhole tool string component. In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the downhole tool string component comprises boot memory. In another embodiment, the executable code is an operating system executable code. Preferably, the volatile memory comprises random access memory (RAM). A method for loading executable code to volatile memory in a downhole tool string component comprises sending the code from the surface control unit to a processor in the downhole tool string component over the network. A central processing unit writes the executable code in the volatile memory.

Hall, David R. (Provo, UT); Bartholomew, David B. (Springville, UT); Johnson, Monte L. (Orem, UT)

2007-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

411

FPB: Fine-grained Power Budgeting to Improve Write Throughput of Multi-level Cell Phase Change Memory  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As a promising nonvolatile memory technology, Phase Change Memory (PCM) has many advantages over traditional DRAM. Multi-level Cell PCM (MLC) has the benefit of increased memory capacity with low fabrication cost. Due to high per-cell write power and ... Keywords: Multiple Level Cell, Phase Change Memory, Power Budget

Lei Jiang; Youtao Zhang; Bruce R. Childers; Jun Yang

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Integration of organic insulator and self-assembled gold nanoparticles on Si MOSFET for novel non-volatile memory cells  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We have fabricated a hybrid non-volatile gold nanoparticle floating-gate memory metal insulator semiconductor field effect transistor (MISFET) device combining silicon technology and organic thin film deposition. The nanoparticles are deposited by chemical ... Keywords: hybrid Silicon-organic memory, nanocrystal memory, nanoparticles, non-volatile memory

S. Kolliopoulou; P. Dimitrakis; P. Normand; H.-L. Zhang; N. Cant; S. D. Evans; S. Paul; C. Pearson; A. Molloy; M. C. Petty; D. Tsoukalas

2004-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

RADIOCARBON DATING, MEMORIES AND HOPES W.F, Libby  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

RADIOCARBON DATING, MEMORIES AND HOPES RADIOCARBON DATING, MEMORIES AND HOPES W.F, Libby Department of Chemistry* and Institute of Geophysics and Planetary Physics, Uni^sjersity of California Los Angeles --(tm)- HISTORY The cosmic ray production of radiocarbon in matter is the basis of radiocarbon dating. It is made from the most abundant atom in air^nitrogen of mass fourteen. Radiocarbon-- carbon-l4 or C-- lasts 83OO years on the average (see note on radioactive decay for explanation on "half life" and "average life") before reverting by radioactive decay to nitrogen-l4. During this time it enters all living things as well as sea water and air» Chemicallyj carbon dioxide is the food of life and presumably the freshly produced C atom is oxidized sooner or later (probably in a few d

414

Memorial Middle School Wind Project | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Middle School Wind Project Middle School Wind Project Jump to: navigation, search Name Memorial Middle School Wind Project Facility Memorial Middle School Sector Wind energy Facility Type Community Wind Location SD Coordinates 43.532688°, -96.818901° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":43.532688,"lon":-96.818901,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

415

Modeling aspects of human memory for scientific study.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Working with leading experts in the field of cognitive neuroscience and computational intelligence, SNL has developed a computational architecture that represents neurocognitive mechanisms associated with how humans remember experiences in their past. The architecture represents how knowledge is organized and updated through information from individual experiences (episodes) via the cortical-hippocampal declarative memory system. We compared the simulated behavioral characteristics with those of humans measured under well established experimental standards, controlling for unmodeled aspects of human processing, such as perception. We used this knowledge to create robust simulations of & human memory behaviors that should help move the scientific community closer to understanding how humans remember information. These behaviors were experimentally validated against actual human subjects, which was published. An important outcome of the validation process will be the joining of specific experimental testing procedures from the field of neuroscience with computational representations from the field of cognitive modeling and simulation.

Caudell, Thomas P. (University of New Mexico); Watson, Patrick (University of Illinois - Champaign-Urbana Beckman Institute); McDaniel, Mark A. (Washington University); Eichenbaum, Howard B. (Boston University); Cohen, Neal J. (University of Illinois - Champaign-Urbana Beckman Institute); Vineyard, Craig Michael; Taylor, Shawn Ellis; Bernard, Michael Lewis; Morrow, James Dan; Verzi, Stephen J.

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

Elemental: a new framework for distributed memory dense matrix computations.  

SciTech Connect

Parallelizing dense matrix computations to distributed memory architectures is a well-studied subject and generally considered to be among the best understood domains of parallel computing. Two packages, developed in the mid 1990s, still enjoy regular use: ScaLAPACK and PLAPACK. With the advent of many-core architectures, which may very well take the shape of distributed memory architectures within a single processor, these packages must be revisited since the traditional MPI-based approaches will likely need to be extended. Thus, this is a good time to review lessons learned since the introduction of these two packages and to propose a simple yet effective alternative. Preliminary performance results show the new solution achieves competitive, if not superior, performance on large clusters.

Romero, N.; Poulson, J.; Marker, B.; Hammond, J.; Van de Geijn, R. (LCF); (The Univ. of Texas at Austin)

2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

417

Approaches for a quantum memory at telecommunication wavelengths  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We report experimental storage and retrieval of weak coherent states of light at telecommunication wavelengths using erbium ions doped into a solid. We use two photon-echo-based quantum storage protocols. The first one is based on controlled reversible inhomogeneous broadening (CRIB). It allows the retrieval of the light on demand by controlling the collective atomic coherence with an external electric field, via the linear Stark effect. We study how atoms in the excited state affect the signal-to-noise ratio of the CRIB memory. Additionally we show how CRIB can be used to modify the temporal width of the retrieved light pulse. The second protocol is based on atomic frequency combs. Using this protocol we verify that the reversible mapping is phase preserving by performing an interference experiment with a local oscillator. These measurements are enabling steps toward solid-state quantum memories at telecommunication wavelengths. We also give an outlook on possible improvements.

Lauritzen, Bjoern; Minar, Jiri; Riedmatten, Hugues de; Afzelius, Mikael; Gisin, Nicolas [Group of Applied Physics, University of Geneva, CH-1211 Geneva 4 (Switzerland)

2011-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

418

Implementation of KIVA-3 on distributed memory MIMD computers  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

KIVA-3 is the latest version of a 3-D Finite Difference CFD code developed by Amsden for combustion engine simulations. A distributed-memory implementation has many advantages for problems that hardly fit affordable existing memory banks. Previous attempts to parallelize KIVA-2 by Yasar, et al. were focused mostly on diffusion solvers because of their heavy time consumption during execution. The study suggested a complete parallelization of the code, including advection and spray dynamics, along with the use of a block-wise decomposition scheme to assure an efficient load balancing and a low communication/computation ratio. Here, the authors report rather a general analysis of the issues involved in such a distributed implementation for the latest version of the code, KIVA-3, on MIMD parallel systems. A more detailed analysis of the code and corresponding algorithms have already been implemented by Yasar and will be published soon.

Yasar, O.; Zacharia, T.; Aggarwal, R. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Amsden, A.A.; Baumgardner, J.R. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States). Center for Computational Sciences]|[Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States)

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

The classical capacity of quantum channels with memory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate the classical capacity of two quantum channels with memory: a periodic channel with depolarizing channel branches, and a convex combination of depolarizing channels. We prove that the capacity is additive in both cases. As a result, the channel capacity is achieved without the use of entangled input states. In the case of a convex combination of depolarizing channels the proof provided can be extended to other quantum channels whose classical capacity has been proved to be additive in the memoryless case.

Tony Dorlas; Ciara Morgan

2009-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

420

The classical capacity of quantum channels with memory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate the classical capacity of two quantum channels with memory: a periodic channel with depolarizing channel branches, and a convex combination of depolarizing channels. We prove that the capacity is additive in both cases. As a result, the channel capacity is achieved without the use of entangled input states. In the case of a convex combination of depolarizing channels the proof provided can be extended to other quantum channels whose classical capacity has been proved to be additive in the memoryless case.

Dorlas, Tony

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "memorial by-way dedication" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Correlated Quantum Memory: Manipulating Atomic Entanglement via Electromagnetically Induced Transparency  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose a feasible scheme of quantum state storage and manipulation via electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT) in flexibly $united$ multi-ensembles of three-level atoms. For different atomic array configurations, one can properly steer the signal and the control lights to generate different forms of atomic entanglement within the framework of linear optics. These results shed new light on designing the versatile quantum memory devices by using, e.g., an atomic grid.

H. Jing; X. -J. Liu; M. -L. Ge; M. -S. Zhan

2004-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

422

T-716: Google SketchUp v8.x - '.DAE' File Memory Corruption Vulnerability |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

6: Google SketchUp v8.x - '.DAE' File Memory Corruption 6: Google SketchUp v8.x - '.DAE' File Memory Corruption Vulnerability T-716: Google SketchUp v8.x - '.DAE' File Memory Corruption Vulnerability September 14, 2011 - 9:28am Addthis PROBLEM: Attackers may exploit this issue to execute arbitrary code in the context of the application. Failed attacks will cause denial-of-service conditions. PLATFORM: Google SketchUp 8 is vulnerable; other versions may also be affected. ABSTRACT: Google SketchUp v8.x - '.DAE' File Memory Corruption Vulnerability reference LINKS: Vulnerability-Lab SketchUp Downloads IMPACT ASSESSMENT: Medium Discussion: A Memory Corruption vulnerability is detected on the Google s SketchUp v8.x. The vulnerability is caused by an memory corruption when processing corrupt DAE files through the filter, which could be exploited by attackers

423

The role of non-volatile memory from an application perspective  

SciTech Connect

Current, emerging, and future NVM (non-volatile memory) technologies give us hope that we will be able to architect HPC (high performance computing) systems that initially use them in a memory and storage hierarchy, and eventually use them as the memory and storage for the system, complete with ownership and protections as a HDD-based (hard-disk-drive-based) file system provides today.

Kettering, Brett M [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Nunez, James A [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

424

Autonomous single-pass endmember approximation using lattice auto-associative memories  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We propose a novel method for the autonomous determination of endmembers that employs recent results from the theory of lattice based auto-associative memories. In contrast to several other existing methods, the endmembers determined by the proposed ... Keywords: 87.19.lv, 87.85.dq, 93.85.Bc, 93.85.Pq, Abundance maps, Hyperspectral image analysis: endmember search, Lattice algebra: lattice independence, Lattice associative memories, Neural networks: associative memories, Spectral unmixing

Gerhard X. Ritter; Gonzalo Urcid; Mark S. Schmalz

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

The shape memory capability and life of Cu-Al-Be-X alloys  

SciTech Connect

The shape memory capacity and the shape memory life of three alloys of the Cu-11.6Al-0.4Be-X type have been investigated using the strain angle restoration method and compared with the alloy Cu-25Zn-4Al. The alloys were subjected to various normalizing and normalizing plus aging treatments, and all were found to possess excellent shape memory properties. The alloy Cu-11.6Al-0.4Be-0.2Cr demonstrated the best shape memory capacity and life.

Dong, Y.Y.; Dar, K.Z. (Gansu Mechanical Engineering Academy, Lanzhou (China)); Wang, T.M. (Lanzhou Univ. (China)); Zin, S.J. (Lanzhou High Pressure Valve Co. (China))

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Shape Memory Response of NiTiHfPd High Strength and High ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this study, shape memory and superelastic properties of NiTiHfPd polycrystalline and single crystalline SMAs as functions of aging temperature and time were...

427

The list-strength effect and categorical frequency memory: Tests of availability.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The availability view of memory mantains that the retrieval of categorical frequency information is a function of recall of category exemplars. The List-Strength Effect (LSE), (more)

Bonanno, Joanne

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Diffused paradigms: musical depictions of biodegradation, refraction of sound, and memory deterioration in Sorensen's Sterbende Garten.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??In Sterbende Grten (Decaying or Dying Gardens) Bent Srensen employs specific compositional methods in order to depict biodegradation of plants, refraction of sound, and memory (more)

Thomas, Brian David

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Trauma, memory, and identity in contemporary Spain and Bosnia-Herzegovina.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? The purpose of this thesis is to identify the role of intergenerational trauma within the memory booms associated with the 1936-39 Civil War in (more)

Babovic, Sarah Millar

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Water-Activated, Shape Memory Twist Effect in Wood Slivers as an ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This shape memory twist effect in wood could inspire new smart materials for a wide range of applications, including sensors, actuators, biomedical devices, and

431

Empire of Memories: Anatolian material culture and the imagined past in Hellenistic and Roman Lydia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Guide to Ancient Greece . Berkeley, CA: University oftravel and memory in Roman Greece (pp. 33-39). Oxford andthe landscapes of Roman Greece. Cambridge and New York:

Rojas, Felipe

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Rebuilding it Better: Greensburg, Kansas, Kiowa County Memorial Hospital (Brochure) (Revised)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This brochure details the sustainable and green aspects of the LEED Platinum-designed Kiowa County Memorial Hospital in Greensburg, Kansas.

433

A fast and memory-sparing probabilistic selection algorithm for the GPU  

SciTech Connect

A fast and memory-sparing probabilistic top-N selection algorithm is implemented on the GPU. This probabilistic algorithm gives a deterministic result and always terminates. The use of randomization reduces the amount of data that needs heavy processing, and so reduces both the memory requirements and the average time required for the algorithm. This algorithm is well-suited to more general parallel processors with multiple layers of memory hierarchy. Probabilistic Las Vegas algorithms of this kind are a form of stochastic optimization and can be especially useful for processors having a limited amount of fast memory available.

Monroe, Laura M [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Wendelberger, Joanne [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Michalak, Sarah [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

434

Shape memory effect associated with a deformation at a temperature just below A[sub S] in a Fe-Mn-Cr-Si-Ni shape memory alloy  

SciTech Connect

The shape memory effect of Fe-Mn based shape memory alloys is due to the formation of stress-induced [var epsilon]-martensite by deformation and to its reversion by heating over A[sub f], which permit it to recover a part of the original shape. The shape memory effect is directly associated with the [gamma][yields][var epsilon] transformation. For this reason, the authors have established the best conditions to induce the [var epsilon]-martensite inside an austenitic matrix: the deformation must take place at a temperature close to the M[sub s]. It has been established that a deformation made at a higher temperature degrades the shape memory effect. The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the shape memory effect in the case of a deformation applied at a relatively high temperature (just below A[sub s]) on samples containing a high volume fraction of [var epsilon]-martensite before the deformation. It is shown that an other mechanism of shape memory effect occurs in these conditions and allows to reach an interesting shape memory effect ([approximately]2%).

Federzoni, L.; Guenin, G. (G.E.M.P.P.M., Villeurbanne (France))

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Nanopatterned ferroelectrics for ultrahigh density rad-hard nonvolatile memories.  

SciTech Connect

Radiation hard nonvolatile random access memory (NVRAM) is a crucial component for DOE and DOD surveillance and defense applications. NVRAMs based upon ferroelectric materials (also known as FERAMs) are proven to work in radiation-rich environments and inherently require less power than many other NVRAM technologies. However, fabrication and integration challenges have led to state-of-the-art FERAMs still being fabricated using a 130nm process while competing phase-change memory (PRAM) has been demonstrated with a 20nm process. Use of block copolymer lithography is a promising approach to patterning at the sub-32nm scale, but is currently limited to self-assembly directly on Si or SiO{sub 2} layers. Successful integration of ferroelectrics with discrete and addressable features of {approx}15-20nm would represent a 100-fold improvement in areal memory density and would enable more highly integrated electronic devices required for systems advances. Towards this end, we have developed a technique that allows us to carry out block copolymer self-assembly directly on a huge variety of different materials and have investigated the fabrication, integration, and characterization of electroceramic materials - primarily focused on solution-derived ferroelectrics - with discrete features of {approx}20nm and below. Significant challenges remain before such techniques will be capable of fabricating fully integrated NVRAM devices, but the tools developed for this effort are already finding broader use. This report introduces the nanopatterned NVRAM device concept as a mechanism for motivating the subsequent studies, but the bulk of the document will focus on the platform and technology development.

Brennecka, Geoffrey L.; Stevens, Jeffrey; Scrymgeour, David; Gin, Aaron V.; Tuttle, Bruce Andrew

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Characterization of shape memory alloys for safety mechanisms.  

SciTech Connect

Shape memory alloys (SMAs) are metals that exhibit large recoverable strains and exert large forces with tremendous energy densities. The behavior of SMAs is thermomechanically coupled. Their response to temperature is sensitive to their loading condition and their response to loading is sensitive to their thermal condition. This coupled behavior is not to be circumvented, but to be confronted and understood, since it is what manifests SMA's superior clamping performance. To reasonably characterize the coupled behavior of SMA clamping rings used in safety mechanisms, we conduct a series of experiments on SMA samples. The results of the tests will allow increased fidelity in modeling and failure analysis of parts.

McLaughlin, Jarred T.; Buchheit, Thomas Edward; Massad, Jordan Elias

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Characterization of shape memory alloys for safety mechanisms.  

SciTech Connect

Shape memory alloys (SMAs) are metals that exhibit large recoverable strains and exert large forces with tremendous energy densities. The behavior of SMAs is thermomechanically coupled. Their response to temperature is sensitive to their loading condition and their response to loading is sensitive to their thermal condition. This coupled behavior is not to be circumvented, but to be confronted and understood, since it is what manifests SMA's superior clamping performance. To reasonably characterize the coupled behavior of SMA clamping rings used in safety mechanisms, we conduct a series of experiments on SMA samples. The results of the tests will allow increased fidelity in modeling and failure analysis of parts.

McLaughlin, Jarred T.; Buchheit, Thomas Edward; Massad, Jordan Elias

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Topologically-protected quantum memory interfacing atomic and superconducting qubits  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose a scheme to manipulate a kind of topological spin qubits realized with cold atoms in a one-dimensional optical lattice. In particularly, by introducing a quantum optomechanical setup, we are able to fist transfer a superconducting qubit state to an atomic state and then to store it into the topological spin qubit. In this way, an efficient topological quantum memory may be constructed for the superconducting qubit. Therefore, we can consolidate the advantages of both the noise resistance of topological qubits and the scalability of superconducting qubits in this hybrid architecture.

Zheng-Yuan Xue; Zhang-qi Yin; Yan Chen; Z. D. Wang; Shi-Liang Zhu

2013-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

439

APPLICATIONS DDR/DDR2 Memory Power Supplies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Synchronous Buck Controller (VDDQ) The TPS51116 provides a complete power supply for Wide-Input Voltage Range: 3.0-V to 28-V both DDR/SSTL-2 and DDR2/SSTL-18 memory sys- DCAP Mode with 100-ns Load Step Re-tems. It integrates a synchronous buck controller with a 3-A sink/source tracking linear regulator and sponse buffered low noise reference. The TPS51116 offers Current Mode Option Supports Ceramic the lowest total solution cost in systems where space

unknown authors

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

A semi-Markov model with memory for price changes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the high frequency price dynamics of traded stocks by a model of returns using a semi-Markov approach. More precisely we assume that the intraday returns are described by a discrete time homogeneous semi-Markov which depends also on a memory index. The index is introduced to take into account periods of high and low volatility in the market. First of all we derive the equations governing the process and then theoretical results have been compared with empirical findings from real data. In particular we analyzed high frequency data from the Italian stock market from first of January 2007 until end of December 2010.

D'Amico, Guglielmo

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "memorial by-way dedication" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

A new Variable Resolution Associative Memory for High Energy Physics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We describe an important advancement for the Associative Memory device (AM). The AM is a VLSI processor for pattern recognition based on Content Addressable Memory (CAM) architecture. The AM is optimized for on-line track finding in high-energy physics experiments. Pattern matching is carried out finding track candidates in coarse resolution roads. A large AM bank stores all trajectories of interest, called patterns, for a given detector resolution. The AM extracts roads compatible with a given event during detector read-out. Two important variables characterize the quality of the AM bank: its coverage and the level of found fakes. The coverage, which describes the geometric efficiency of a bank, is defined as the fraction of tracks that match at least a pattern in the bank. Given a certain road size, the coverage of the bank can be increased just adding patterns to the bank, while the number of found fakes unfortunately is roughly proportional to this number of patterns in the bank. M...

Annovi, A; The ATLAS collaboration; Beretta, M; Bossini, E; Crescioli, F; Dell'Orso, M; Giannetti, P; Hoff, J; Liberali, V; Liu, T; Magalotti, D; Piendibene, M; Sacco, A; Schoening, A; Soltveit, H K; Stabile, A; Tripiccione, R; Vitillo, R; Volpi, G

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

A new Variable Resolution Associative Memory for High Energy Physics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We describe an important advancement for the Associative Memory device (AM). The AM is a VLSI processor for pattern recognition based on Content Addressable Memory (CAM) architecture. The AM is optimized for on-line track finding in high-energy physics experiments. Pattern matching is carried out finding track candidates in coarse resolution roads. A large AM bank stores all trajectories of interest, called patterns, for a given detector resolution. The AM extracts roads compatible with a given event during detector read-out. Two important variables characterize the quality of the AM bank: its coverage and the level of found fakes. The coverage, which describes the geometric efficiency of a bank, is defined as the fraction of tracks that match at least a pattern in the bank. Given a certain road size, the coverage of the bank can be increased just adding patterns to the bank, while the number of found fakes unfortunately is roughly proportional to this number of patterns in the bank. M...

Annovi, A; The ATLAS collaboration; Beretta, M; Bossini, E; Crescioli, F; Dell'Orso, M; Giannetti, P; Hoff, J; Liberali, V; Liu, T; Magalotti, D; Piendibene, M; Sacco, A; Schoening, A; Soltveit, H K; Stabile, A; Tripiccione, R; Vitillo, R; Volpi, G

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Thermomechanical Characterization and Modeling of Shape Memory Polymers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This work focuses on the thermomechanical characterization and constitutive model calibration of shape memory polymers (SMPs). These polymers have the ability to recover seemingly permanent large deformations under the appropriate thermomechanical load path. In this work, a contribution is made to both existing experimental and modeling efforts. First, an experimental investigation is conducted which subjects SMPs to a thermomechanical load path that includes varying the value of applied deformations and temperature rates. Specifically, SMPs are deformed to tensile extensions of 10% to 100% at temperature rates varying from 1 degree C /min to 5 degree C/min, and the complete shape recovery profile is captured. The results from this experimental investigation show that the SMP in question can recover approximately 95% of the value of the applied deformation, independent of the temperature rate during the test. The data obtained in the experimental investigation are then used to calibrate, in one-dimension, two constitutive models which have been developed to describe and predict the material response of SMPs. The models include a model in terms of general deformation gradients, thus making it capable of handling large deformations. In addition, the data are used to calibrate a linearized version of the constitutive model for small deformations. The material properties required for calibrating the constitutive models are derived from portions of the experimental results, and the model is then used to predict the shape memory effect for an SMP undergoing various levels of deformation. The model predictions are shown to match well with the experimental data.

Volk, Brent L.

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

A new concept of vertically integrated pattern recognition associative memory  

SciTech Connect

Hardware-based pattern recognition for fast triggering on particle tracks has been successfully used in high-energy physics experiments for some time. The CDF Silicon Vertex Trigger (SVT) at the Fermilab Tevatron is an excellent example. The method used there, developed in the 1990's, is based on algorithms that use a massively parallel associative memory architecture to identify patterns efficiently at high speed. However, due to much higher occupancy and event rates at the LHC, and the fact that the LHC detectors have a much larger number of channels in their tracking detectors, there is an enormous challenge in implementing fast pattern recognition for a track trigger, requiring about three orders of magnitude more associative memory patterns than what was used in the original CDF SVT. Scaling of current technologies is unlikely to satisfy the scientific needs of the future, and investments in transformational new technologies need to be made. In this paper, we will discuss a new concept of using the emerging 3D vertical integration technology to significantly advance the state-of-the-art for fast pattern recognition within and outside HEP. A generic R and D proposal based on this new concept, with a few institutions involved, has recently been submitted to DOE with the goal to design and perform the ASIC engineering necessary to realize a prototype device. The progress of this R and D project will be reported in the future. Here we will only focus on the concept of this new approach.

Liu, Ted; Hoff, Jim; Deptuch, Grzegorz; Yarema, Ray; /Fermilab

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Multi-Level Bitmap Indexes for Flash Memory Storage  

SciTech Connect

Due to their low access latency, high read speed, and power-efficient operation, flash memory storage devices are rapidly emerging as an attractive alternative to traditional magnetic storage devices. However, tests show that the most efficient indexing methods are not able to take advantage of the flash memory storage devices. In this paper, we present a set of multi-level bitmap indexes that can effectively take advantage of flash storage devices. These indexing methods use coarsely binned indexes to answer queries approximately, and then use finely binned indexes to refine the answers. Our new methods read significantly lower volumes of data at the expense of an increased disk access count, thus taking full advantage of the improved read speed and low access latency of flash devices. To demonstrate the advantage of these new indexes, we measure their performance on a number of storage systems using a standard data warehousing benchmark called the Set Query Benchmark. We observe that multi-level strategies on flash drives are up to 3 times faster than traditional indexing strategies on magnetic disk drives.

Wu, Kesheng; Madduri, Kamesh; Canon, Shane

2010-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

446

What Scientific Applications can Benefit from Hardware Transactional Memory?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Achieving efficient and correct synchronization of multiple threads is a difficult and error-prone task at small scale and, as we march towards extreme scale computing, will be even more challenging when the resulting application is supposed to utilize millions of cores efficiently. Transactional Memory (TM) is a promising technique to ease the burden on the programmer, but only recently has become available on commercial hardware in the new Blue Gene/Q system and hence the real benefit for realistic applications has not been studied, yet. This paper presents the first performance results of TM embedded into OpenMP on a prototype system of BG/Q and characterizes code properties that will likely lead to benefits when augmented with TM primitives. We first, study the influence of thread count, environment variables and memory layout on TM performance and identify code properties that will yield performance gains with TM. Second, we evaluate the combination of OpenMP with multiple synchronization primitives on top of MPI to determine suitable task to thread ratios per node. Finally, we condense our findings into a set of best practices. These are applied to a Monte Carlo Benchmark and a Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics method. In both cases an optimized TM version, executed with 64 threads on one node, outperforms a simple TM implementation. MCB with optimized TM yields a speedup of 27.45 over baseline.

Schindewolf, M; Bihari, B; Gyllenhaal, J; Schulz, M; Wang, A; Karl, W

2012-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

447

Research on memory access vulnerability analysis technique in SCADA protocol implementation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

SCADA systems play key roles in monitor and control of the critical infrastructures, the vulnerabilities existed in them may destroy the controlled critical infrastructures. This paper proposes an analysis method of memory access vulnerability in SCADA ... Keywords: SCADA protocol implementation, dynamic analysis, memory access vulnerability

Fang Lan; Wang Chunlei; He Ronghui

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Modeling neuropathologies as disruption of normal sequence generation in working memory networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recurrent networks of cortico-cortical connections have been implicated as the substrate of working memory persistent activity, and patterned sequenced representation as needed in cognitive function. We examine the pathological behavior which may result ... Keywords: Epilepsy, Obsessive compulsive disorder, Schizophrenia, Sequences, Working memory

Sergio Verduzco-Flores; Bard Ermentrout; Mark Bodner

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

FRASH: Exploiting storage class memory in hybrid file system for hierarchical storage  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this work, we develop a novel hybrid file system, FRASH, for storage-class memory and NAND Flash. Despite the promising physical characteristics of storage-class memory, its scale is an order of magnitude smaller than the current storage device scale. ... Keywords: Flash storage, log-structured file system

Jaemin Jung; Youjip Won; Eunki Kim; Hyungjong Shin; Byeonggil Jeon

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Ultra low power associative computing with spin neurons and resistive crossbar memory  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Emerging resistive-crossbar memory (RCM) technology can be promising for computationally-expensive analog pattern-matching tasks. However, the use of CMOS analog-circuits with RCM would result in large power-consumption and poor scalability, thereby ... Keywords: emerging circuits and devices, magnets, memory, spin-transfer torque, spintronics

Mrigank Sharad, Deliang Fan, Kaushik Roy

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Automatic Generation of Symbolic Reliability Functions for Processor-Memory-Switch Structures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Calculation of the reliability of computer system architectures with built-in redundancy, such as multiprocessors, is gaining in importance. The task of computing the reliability function for arbitrary Processor-Memory-Switch (PMS) interconnection structures, ... Keywords: symbolic hard-failure reliability functions, Automatic generation of symbolic reliability functions, processor-memory-switch (PMS) structures, reliability computation program

V. Kini; D. P. Siewiorek

1982-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

JETC: Joint Energy, Thermal and Cooling Management for CPU and Memory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

JETC: Joint Energy, Thermal and Cooling Management for CPU and Memory Subsystems in Servers Raid Ayoub, Rajib Nath, Tajana Rosing, UCSD 2052.002 Observation Model of Thermal Coupling Between CPU: No Memory Management NCM: No CPU Migration DLB: Dynamic Load Balancing DTM-CM+PI: Dynamic Thermal Management

Simunic, Tajana

453

JETC: Joint Energy Thermal and Cooling Management for Memory and CPU Subsystems in Servers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

JETC: Joint Energy Thermal and Cooling Management for Memory and CPU Subsystems in Servers Raid In this work we propose a joint energy, thermal and cooling management technique (JETC) that significantly re to thermal de- pendencies between CPU and memory and non-linearity in cooling energy. This motivates us

Simunic, Tajana

454

Automatic design of artificial neural networks and associative memories for pattern classification and pattern restoration  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this note we present our most recent advances in the automatic design of artificial neural networks (ANNs) and associative memories (AMs) for pattern classification and pattern recall. Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO), Differential Evolution (DE), ... Keywords: artificial neural networks, associative memories, evolutionary programming

Humberto Sossa; Beatriz A. Garro; Juan Villegas; Carlos Avils; Gustavo Olague

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Implementation of the memory-safe full ANSI-C compiler  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes a completely memory-safe compiler for C language programs that is fully compatible with the ANSI C specification. Programs written in C often suffer from nasty errors due to dangling pointers and buffer overflow. Such errors in Internet ... Keywords: c language, memory safety

Yutaka Oiwa

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Hybrid in-memory and on-disk tables for speeding-up table accesses  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Main memory database management systems have become essential for response-time-bounded applications, such as those in telecommunications systems or Internet, where users frequently access a table in order to get information or check whether an element ... Keywords: DBMS performance, hybrid tables, main memory databases

Joan Guisado-Gmez; Antoni Wolski; Calisto Zuzarte; Josep-Llus Larriba-Pey; Victor Munts-Mulero

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Memory-conscious collective I/O for extreme scale HPC systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Upcoming extreme scale platforms are expected to have millions of nodes with hundreds to thousands of small cores for each node. The continuing decrease in memory capacity per core and the increasing disparity between core count and off-chip memory bandwidth ... Keywords: collective I/O, extreme scale system, high performance computing, many-core architecture, parallel I/O

Yin Lu, Yong Chen, Yu Zhuang, Rajeev Thakur

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Clustering JVMs with Software Transactional Memory Support Christos Kotselidis, Mikel Lujan, Mohammad Ansari, Konstantinos Malakasis,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in this direction, we propose the Anaconda framework as a research platform to investigate the role Transactional Memory (TM) can play in this domain. Anaconda is a software transactional memory framework that supports clustering of multiple off-the-shelf JVMs on commodity clusters. The main focus of Anaconda is to investigate

Singer, Jeremy

459

Impact of modern memory subsystems on cache optimizations for stencil computations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this work we investigate the impact of evolving memory system features, such as large on-chip caches, automatic prefetch, and the growing distance to main memory on 3D stencil computations. These calculations form the basis for a wide range of scientific ... Keywords: cache blocking, performance modeling, prefetch, stencil

Shoaib Kamil; Parry Husbands; Leonid Oliker; John Shalf; Katherine Yelick

2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Region-based parallelization of irregular reductions on explicitly managed memory hierarchies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Multicore architectures are evolving with the promise of extreme performance for the classes of applications that require high performance and large bandwidth of memory. Irregular reduction is one of important computation patterns for many complex scientific ... Keywords: Compilation techniques, Explicitly managed memory hierarchies, Irregular reduction, Loop parallelization

Seonggun Kim; Hwansoo Han; Kwang-Moo Choe

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "memorial by-way dedication" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Integrated Photon Pair Sources, Quantum Memories, and Lasers in Lithium Niobate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Integrated Photon Pair Sources, Quantum Memories, and Lasers in Lithium Niobate W. Sohler1 , H developments in the field of integrated quantum optics [1] exploiting lithium niobate (LN) waveguide technology: single photon pair sources with Ti:PPLN (periodically poled lithium niobate) waveguide, quantum memories

462

Direct address translation for virtual memory in energy-efficient embedded systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This article presents a methodology for virtual memory support in energy-efficient embedded systems. A holistic approach is proposed, where the combined efforts of compiler, operating system, and hardware architecture achieve a significant system power ... Keywords: Low-power embedded systems, address translation, virtual memory

Xiangrong Zhou; Peter Petrov

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

The MEMORI technology - an innovative tool for the protection of movable cultural assets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The EU FP7 project MEMORI ("Measurement, Effect Assessment and Mitigation of Pollutant Impact on Movable Cultural Assets. Innovative Research for Market Transfer"- MEMORI, Grant Agreement No. 265132) works to supply the conservation market with a new ... Keywords: air quality, cultural heritage objects, dosimeters, enclosures, end users, heritage conservation marketing, museums, organic acids, pollution adsorbers, preventive conservation

Terje Grntoft; Elin Dahlin

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Commit-reconcile & fences (CRF): a new memory model for architects and compiler writers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a new mechanism-oriented memory model called Commit-Reconcile & Fences (CRF) and define it using algebraic rules. Many existing memory models can be described as restricted versions of CRF. The model has been designed so that it is ...

Xiaowei Shen; Arvind; Larry Rudolph

1999-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

DRAM-based FPGA enabled by three-dimensional (3d) memory stacking (abstract only)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Motivated by the emerging three-dimensional (3D integration technologies, this paper studies the potential of applying 3D memory stacking to enable FPGA devices use on-chip DRAM cells to store configuration data. In current design practice, FPGAs do ... Keywords: 3d integration, dram-based fpga, memory stacking

Yangyang Pan; Tong Zhang

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Metal nano-floating gate memory devices fabricated at low temperature  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this communication, we report on the realization of low-temperature processed Electrically Erasable Programmable Read-Only Memory (EEPROM) like device with embedded gold nanoparticles. The realization is based on the fabrication of a V-groove SiGe ... Keywords: Hybrid electronics, Langmuir-Blodgett deposition, Memory, Nanoparticles, SiGe, Wafer bonding

S. Koliopoulou; P. Dimitrakis; D. Goustouridis; P. Normand; C. Pearson; M. C. Petty; H. Radamson; D. Tsoukalas

2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

An interacting Fuzzy-Fading-Memory-based Augmented Kalman Filtering method for maneuvering target tracking  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, the interaction and combination of Fuzzy Fading Memory (FFM) technique and Augmented Kalman Filtering (AUKF) method are presented for the state estimation of non-linear dynamic systems in presence of maneuver. It is shown that the AUKF ... Keywords: Augmented Kalman Filtering method, Fuzzy Fading Memory technique, Interacting Multiple Model algorithm, Maneuvering target tracking

Ahmadreza Amirzadeh, Ali Karimpour

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Historical GIS as a Platform for Public Memory at Mammoth Cave National Park  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Mammoth Cave Historical GIS (MCHGIS) fosters new understandings of a national park landscape as a historic farming community and offers a web-based platform for public memory of pre-park inhabitants. It maps the 1920 manuscript census at the household ... Keywords: Historical GIS, Kentucky, Mammoth Cave, National Parks, Public Memory, Public Participation GIS, Virtual Community Building

Katie Algeo; Ann Epperson; Matthew Brunt

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Dynamical modeling of transport in MOS structures containing silicon nanocrystals for memory applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A compact model that can be used to reproduce both quasi-static and dynamic characteristics of basic MOS cells with embedded Si-nc is presented. The structure is modeled through a device-like complex matrix of tunnel junctions, resulting in a time-dependent ... Keywords: Flash memories, Nanocrystals, Nonvolatile memories, Silicon, Silicon nanocrystals, Transport modeling

Josep Carreras; O. Jambois; M. Perlvarez; Y. Lebour; B. Garrido

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

RTP: robust tenant placement for elastic in-memory database clusters  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the cloud services industry, a key issue for cloud operators is to minimize operational costs. In this paper, we consider algorithms that elastically contract and expand a cluster of in-memory databases depending on tenants' behavior over time while ... Keywords: cloud computing, data placement, fault tolerance, in-memory databases, multi tenancy

Jan Schaffner; Tim Januschowski; Megan Kercher; Tim Kraska; Hasso Plattner; Michael J. Franklin; Dean Jacobs

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Complexity effective memory access scheduling for many-core accelerator architectures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Modern DRAM systems rely on memory controllers that employ out-of-order scheduling to maximize row access locality and bank-level parallelism, which in turn maximizes DRAM bandwidth. This is especially important in graphics processing unit (GPU) architectures, ... Keywords: graphics processors, memory controller, on-chip interconnection networks

George L. Yuan; Ali Bakhoda; Tor M. Aamodt

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Optimisation and performance evaluation of mechanisms for latency tolerance in remote memory access communication on clusters  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes the design and performance evaluation of the mechanisms for latency tolerance in the remote memory access communication on clusters equipped with high-performance networks such as Myrinet. It discusses strategies that bridge ... Keywords: aggregation, cluster computing, communication overlap, latency tolerance, non-blocking, remote memory access

J. Nieplocha; V. Tipparaju; M. Krishnan; G. Santhanaraman; D. K. Panda

2004-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Using network interface support to avoid asynchronous protocol processing in shared virtual memory systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The performance of page-based software shared virtual memory (SVM) is still far from that achieved on hardware-coherent distributed shared memory (DSM) systems. The interrupt cost for asynchronous protocol processing has been found to be a key source ...

Angelos Bilas; Cheng Liao; Jaswinder Pal Singh

1999-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Aging memory and glassiness of a driven vortex , Guohong Li1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Aging memory and glassiness of a driven vortex system. Xu Du1 , Guohong Li1 , Eva Y. Andrei1 , M memory, aging and nonlinear-dynamics. Glasses[1-11], interfaces[12] and fractures are some examples[13 the deviation from equilibrium. After removing the force, the system ages with time and its subsequent response

Andrei, Eva Y.

475

SuperLU_DIST: A scalable distributed-memory sparse direct solver for unsymmetric linear systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present the main algorithmic features in the software package SuperLU_DIST, a distributed-memory sparse direct solver for large sets of linear equations. We give in detail our parallelization strategies, with a focus on scalability issues, and demonstrate ... Keywords: Sparse direct solver, distributed-memory computers, parallelism, scalability, supernodal factorization

Xiaoye S. Li; James W. Demmel

2003-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Cache directory look-up re-use as conflict check mechanism for speculative memory requests  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

In a cache memory, energy and other efficiencies can be realized by saving a result of a cache directory lookup for sequential accesses to a same memory address. Where the cache is a point of coherence for speculative execution in a multiprocessor system, with directory lookups serving as the point of conflict detection, such saving becomes particularly advantageous.

Ohmacht, Martin

2013-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

477

Cdk5 Is Required for Memory Function and Hippocampal Plasticity via the cAMP Signaling Pathway  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Memory formation is modulated by pre- and post-synaptic signaling events in neurons. The neuronal protein kinase Cyclin-Dependent Kinase 5 (Cdk5) phosphorylates a variety of synaptic substrates and is implicated in memory ...

Zhang, Lei

478

Both a nicotinic single nucleotide polymorphism (snp) and a noradrenergic snp modulate working memory performance when attention is manipulated  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We investigated the relation between the two systems of visuospatial attention and working memory by examining the effect of normal variation in cholinergic and noradrenergic genes on working memory performance under attentional manipulation. We previously ...

Pamela M. Greenwood; Ramya Sundararajan; Ming-Kuan Lin; Reshma Kumar; Karl J. Fryxell; Raja Parasuraman

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Graphene Synthesis by Thermal Cracker Enhanced Gas Source Molecular Beam Epitaxy and Its Applications in Flash Memory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in growing large-area graphene on Co substrates. 3.5that nanocrystal based graphene memory is promising for97, 123105 Chapter 5: Graphene nano dots memory capacitor

Zhan, Ning

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Method of computer generation and projection recording of microholograms for holographic memory systems: mathematical modelling and experimental implementation  

SciTech Connect

A method of computer generation and projection recording of microholograms for holographic memory systems is presented; the results of mathematical modelling and experimental implementation of the method are demonstrated. (holographic memory)

Betin, A Yu; Bobrinev, V I; Evtikhiev, N N; Zherdev, A Yu; Zlokazov, E Yu; Lushnikov, D S; Markin, V V; Odinokov, S B; Starikov, S N; Starikov, R S

2013-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "memorial by-way dedication" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

U-064: Adobe Acrobat/Reader PRC Memory Corruption Error Lets Remote Users  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

4: Adobe Acrobat/Reader PRC Memory Corruption Error Lets Remote 4: Adobe Acrobat/Reader PRC Memory Corruption Error Lets Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code U-064: Adobe Acrobat/Reader PRC Memory Corruption Error Lets Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code December 19, 2011 - 9:15am Addthis PROBLEM: Adobe Acrobat/Reader PRC Memory Corruption Error Lets Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code. PLATFORM: Adobe Acrobat Reader Version(s): 10.1.1 and prior versions ABSTRACT: A vulnerability was reported in Adobe Acrobat/Reader, this vulnerability is being actively exploited against Windows-based systems. reference LINKS: SecurityTracker Alert ID: 1026432 APSB11-30 CVE-2011-4369 JC3-CIRC Tech Bulletin U-054 APSA11-04 IMPACT ASSESSMENT: High Discussion: A remote user can create a specially crafted PDF file that, when loaded by the target user, will trigger a memory corruption error in the PRC

482

Preliminary Notice of Violation,Battelle Memorial Institute - EA-2007-07 |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Battelle Memorial Institute - Battelle Memorial Institute - EA-2007-07 Preliminary Notice of Violation,Battelle Memorial Institute - EA-2007-07 January 3, 2008 Preliminary Notice of Violation issued to Battelle Memorial Institute related to Radiological Events and the Independent Assessment Program at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory The results of our onsite investigation were provided in an Investigation Summary Report (ISR) dated October 24, 2007. An enforcement conference was held on November 15, 2007, with you and members of your staff to discuss these findings. A summary of the conference is enclosed. Press Release Preliminary Notice of Violation,Battelle Memorial Institute - EA-2007-07 More Documents & Publications Preliminary Notice of Violation, Los Alamos National Laboratory -

483

U-166: Adobe Shockwave Player Memory Corruption Flaws Let Remote Users  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

6: Adobe Shockwave Player Memory Corruption Flaws Let Remote 6: Adobe Shockwave Player Memory Corruption Flaws Let Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code U-166: Adobe Shockwave Player Memory Corruption Flaws Let Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code May 10, 2012 - 7:00am Addthis PROBLEM: Adobe Shockwave Player Memory Corruption Flaws Let Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code PLATFORM: 11.6.4.634 and prior ABSTRACT: Multiple vulnerabilities were reported in Adobe Shockwave Player. A remote user can cause arbitrary code to be executed on the target user's system. reference LINKS: SecurityTracker Alert ID: 1027037 CVE-2012-2029 CVE-2012-2030 CVE-2012-2031 CVE-2012-2032 CVE-2012-2033 IMPACT ASSESSMENT: High Discussion: A remote user can create specially crafted Shockwave content that, when loaded by the target user, will trigger a memory corruption error and

484

U-243: libvirt virTypedParameterArrayClear() Memory Access Error Lets  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3: libvirt virTypedParameterArrayClear() Memory Access Error 3: libvirt virTypedParameterArrayClear() Memory Access Error Lets Remote Users Deny Service U-243: libvirt virTypedParameterArrayClear() Memory Access Error Lets Remote Users Deny Service August 24, 2012 - 7:00am Addthis PROBLEM: libvirt virTypedParameterArrayClear() Memory Access Error Lets Remote Users Deny Service PLATFORM: Version(s): 0.9.13 and prior ABSTRACT: A vulnerability was reported in libvirt. reference LINKS: libvirt SecurityTracker Alert ID: 1027437 Secunia Advisory SA50118 Bugtraq ID: 54748 CVE-2012-3445 IMPACT ASSESSMENT: Medium Discussion A remote user can send a specially crafted RPC call with the number of parameters set to zero to libvirtd to trigger a memory access error in virTypedParameterArrayClear() and cause the target service to crash. Impact:

485

V-194: Citrix XenServer Memory Management Error Lets Local Administrative  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

4: Citrix XenServer Memory Management Error Lets Local 4: Citrix XenServer Memory Management Error Lets Local Administrative Users on the Guest Gain Access on the Host V-194: Citrix XenServer Memory Management Error Lets Local Administrative Users on the Guest Gain Access on the Host July 8, 2013 - 12:24am Addthis PROBLEM: Citrix XenServer Memory Management Error Lets Local Administrative Users on the Guest Gain Access on the Host PLATFORM: Citrix XenServer 5.0 - 6.2 ABSTRACT: A vulnerability was reported in Citrix XenServer. REFERENCE LINKS: CTX138134 SecurityTracker Alert ID: 1028740 CVE-2013-1432 IMPACT ASSESSMENT: Medium DISCUSSION: A local administrative user on a PV guest can exploit a memory management page reference counting error to gain access on the target host server. IMPACT: A local user on the guest operating system can obtain access on the target

486

Preliminary Notice of Violation,Battelle Memorial Institute - EA-2007-07 |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Battelle Memorial Institute - Battelle Memorial Institute - EA-2007-07 Preliminary Notice of Violation,Battelle Memorial Institute - EA-2007-07 January 3, 2008 Preliminary Notice of Violation issued to Battelle Memorial Institute related to Radiological Events and the Independent Assessment Program at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory The results of our onsite investigation were provided in an Investigation Summary Report (ISR) dated October 24, 2007. An enforcement conference was held on November 15, 2007, with you and members of your staff to discuss these findings. A summary of the conference is enclosed. Press Release Preliminary Notice of Violation,Battelle Memorial Institute - EA-2007-07 More Documents & Publications Preliminary Notice of Violation, Los Alamos National Laboratory -

487

U-065: Microsoft Windows win32k.sys Memory Corruption Vulnerability |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

5: Microsoft Windows win32k.sys Memory Corruption Vulnerability 5: Microsoft Windows win32k.sys Memory Corruption Vulnerability U-065: Microsoft Windows win32k.sys Memory Corruption Vulnerability December 20, 2011 - 9:45am Addthis PROBLEM: Microsoft Windows win32k.sys Memory Corruption Vulnerability. PLATFORM: Operating System Microsoft Windows 7 ABSTRACT: Successful exploitation may allow execution of arbitrary code with kernel-mode privileges. reference LINKS: Secunia Advisory SA47237 MS11-087:Article ID: 2639417 IMPACT ASSESSMENT: High Discussion: A vulnerability has been discovered in Microsoft Windows, which can be exploited by malicious people to potentially compromise a user's system. The vulnerability is caused due to an error in win32k.sys and can be exploited to corrupt memory via e.g. a specially crafted web page

488

V-194: Citrix XenServer Memory Management Error Lets Local Administrative  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

4: Citrix XenServer Memory Management Error Lets Local 4: Citrix XenServer Memory Management Error Lets Local Administrative Users on the Guest Gain Access on the Host V-194: Citrix XenServer Memory Management Error Lets Local Administrative Users on the Guest Gain Access on the Host July 8, 2013 - 12:24am Addthis PROBLEM: Citrix XenServer Memory Management Error Lets Local Administrative Users on the Guest Gain Access on the Host PLATFORM: Citrix XenServer 5.0 - 6.2 ABSTRACT: A vulnerability was reported in Citrix XenServer. REFERENCE LINKS: CTX138134 SecurityTracker Alert ID: 1028740 CVE-2013-1432 IMPACT ASSESSMENT: Medium DISCUSSION: A local administrative user on a PV guest can exploit a memory management page reference counting error to gain access on the target host server. IMPACT: A local user on the guest operating system can obtain access on the target

489

U-064: Adobe Acrobat/Reader PRC Memory Corruption Error Lets Remote Users  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

4: Adobe Acrobat/Reader PRC Memory Corruption Error Lets Remote 4: Adobe Acrobat/Reader PRC Memory Corruption Error Lets Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code U-064: Adobe Acrobat/Reader PRC Memory Corruption Error Lets Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code December 19, 2011 - 9:15am Addthis PROBLEM: Adobe Acrobat/Reader PRC Memory Corruption Error Lets Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code. PLATFORM: Adobe Acrobat Reader Version(s): 10.1.1 and prior versions ABSTRACT: A vulnerability was reported in Adobe Acrobat/Reader, this vulnerability is being actively exploited against Windows-based systems. reference LINKS: SecurityTracker Alert ID: 1026432 APSB11-30 CVE-2011-4369 JC3-CIRC Tech Bulletin U-054 APSA11-04 IMPACT ASSESSMENT: High Discussion: A remote user can create a specially crafted PDF file that, when loaded by the target user, will trigger a memory corruption error in the PRC

490

SoftPCM: Enhancing Energy Efficiency and Lifetime of Phase Change Memory in Video Applications via Approximate Write  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Modern video applications such as video codecs are memory-intensive. As an emerging non-volatile memory technology, phase change memory (PCM) will benefit video applications due to its high density, low leakage power and superior scalability. However, ... Keywords: Approximate write, data-comparison write, error tolerance, PCM, write endurance

Yuntan Fang; Huawei Li; Xiaowei Li

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

Real-time garbage collection for flash-memory storage systems of real-time embedded systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Flash-memory technology is becoming critical in building embedded systems applications because of its shock-resistant, power economic, and nonvolatile nature. With the recent technology breakthroughs in both capacity and reliability, flash-memory storage ... Keywords: Embedded systems, flash memory, garbage collection, real-time system, storage systems

Li-Pin Chang; Tei-Wei Kuo; Shi-Wu Lo

2004-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

Half-Wits: Software Techniques for Low-Voltage Probabilistic Storage on Microcontrollers with NOR Flash Memory  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This work analyzes the stochastic behavior of writing to embedded flash memory at voltages lower than recommended by a microcontrollers specifications in order to reduce energy consumption. Flash memory integrated within a microcontroller typically ... Keywords: Flash memory, approximate computing, low-power devices, reliable computing with unreliable components

Mastooreh Salajegheh, Yue Wang, Anxiao (Andrew) Jiang, Erik Learned-Miller, Kevin Fu

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

Building Green in Greensburg: Kiowa County Memorial Hospital  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Memorial Hospital The original Kiowa County Hospital was destroyed in the May 2007 tornado. The new hospital's design team took one of the most energy- intensive building types and designed a first-of-its kind energy-efficient hospital, while still meeting functional and safety requirements. Completed in March 2010, the hospital is built to achieve the U.S. Green Building Council's Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED ® ) Platinum designation. The 50,000-square-foot building includes 15 acute-care beds, rural health and specialty clinics, an emergency department with two trauma rooms, physical/occupational therapy and radiology departments, a laboratory, and other support areas. The new hospital is projected to be 32% more energy efficient

494

Fermi facts, fables: Colleagues and friends share memories  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Fermi facts, fables: Colleagues and friends Fermi facts, fables: Colleagues and friends share memories About Director's Welcome Organization Achievements Highlights Fact Sheets, Brochures & Other Documents Multimedia Library Visit Argonne Work with Argonne Contact us Nuclear Energy Why Nuclear Energy? Why are some people afraid of Nuclear Energy? How do nuclear reactors work? Cheaper & Safer Nuclear Energy Helping to Solve the Nuclear Waste Problem Nuclear Reactors Nuclear Reactors Early Exploration Training Reactors Basic and Applied Science Research LWR Technology Development BORAX-III lighting Arco, Idaho (Press Release) Heavy Water and Graphite Reactors Fast Reactor Technology Integral Fast Reactor Argonne Reactor Tree CP-1 70th Anniversary CP-1 70th Anniversary Argonne's Nuclear Science and Technology Legacy

495

Power Efficiency through Application-Specific Instruction Memory Transformations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The instruction memory communication path constitutes a significant amount of power consumption in embedded processors. We propose an encoding technique that exploits application information to reduce the associated power consumption. The microarchitectural support enables reprogrammability of the encoding transformations so as to track code particularities effectively. The restriction to functional transformations enables effective coding while delivering major power savings, in the process obviating furthermore the necessity to rely on dictionary lookup, one of the major shortcomings of prior approaches. The frugal functional transformation, reliant on a single bit logic gate, introduces no impact to the critical fetch stage of the processor pipeline while delivering fully all the theoretically achievable power savings. The reprogrammable hardware implementation enables flexible and inexpensive switches between the transformations. Extensive experimental results on numerical and DSP codes confirm the theoretically expected magnitude of power savings, evincing reductions that range up to half of the original transitions.

Peter Petrov; Alex Orailoglu

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

Memory Testing Under Different Stress Conditions: An Industrial Evaluation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents the effectiveness of various stress conditions (mainly voltage and frequency) on detecting the resistive shorts and open defects in deep sub-micron embedded memories in an industrial environment. Simulation studies on very-low voltage, high voltage and at-speed testing show the need of the stress conditions for high quality products; i.e., low defect-per-million (DPM) level, which is driving the semiconductor market today. The above test conditions have been validated to screen out bad devices on real silicon (a test-chip) built on CMOS 0.18 um technology. IFA (inductive fault analysis) based simulation technique leads to an efficient fault coverage and DPM estimator, which helps the customers upfront to make decisions on test algorithm implementations under different stress conditions in order to reduce the number of test escapes.

Majhi, Ananta K; Gronthoud, Guido; Lousberg, Maurice; Eichenberger, Stefan; Bowen, Fred

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

Proposal for a coherent quantum memory for propagating microwave photons  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We describe a multi-mode quantum memory for propagating microwave photons that combines a solid-state spin ensemble resonantly coupled to a frequency tunable single-mode microwave cavity. We first show that high efficiency mapping of the quantum state transported by a free photon to the spin ensemble is possible both for strong and weak coupling between the cavity mode and the spin ensemble. We also show that even in the weak coupling limit unit efficiency and faithful retrieval can be obtained through time reversal inhomogeneous dephasing based on spin echo techniques. This is possible provided that the cavity containing the spin ensemble and the transmission line are impedance matched. We finally discuss the prospects for an experimental implementation using a rare-earth doped crystal coupled to a superconducting resonator.

M. Afzelius; N. Sangouard; G. Johansson; M. U. Staudt; C. M. Wilson

2013-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

498

Translation techniques for distributed-shared memory programming models  

SciTech Connect

The high performance computing community has experienced an explosive improvement in distributed-shared memory hardware. Driven by increasing real-world problem complexity, this explosion has ushered in vast numbers of new systems. Each new system presents new challenges to programmers and application developers. Part of the challenge is adapting to new architectures with new performance characteristics. Different vendors release systems with widely varying architectures that perform differently in different situations. Furthermore, since vendors need only provide a single performance number (total MFLOPS, typically for a single benchmark), they only have strong incentive initially to optimize the API of their choice. Consequently, only a fraction of the available APIs are well optimized on most systems. This causes issues porting and writing maintainable software, let alone issues for programmers burdened with mastering each new API as it is released. Also, programmers wishing to use a certain machine must choose their API based on the underlying hardware instead of the application. This thesis argues that a flexible, extensible translator for distributed-shared memory APIs can help address some of these issues. For example, a translator might take as input code in one API and output an equivalent program in another. Such a translator could provide instant porting for applications to new systems that do not support the application's library or language natively. While open-source APIs are abundant, they do not perform optimally everywhere. A translator would also allow performance testing using a single base code translated to a number of different APIs. Most significantly, this type of translator frees programmers to select the most appropriate API for a given application based on the application (and developer) itself instead of the underlying hardware.

Fuller, Douglas James

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

Aging phenomena in PMMA thin films -- memory and rejuvenation effects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Aging dynamics in thin films of poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) have been investigated through dielectric measurements for different types of aging processes. The dielectric constant was found to decrease with increasing aging time at an aging temperature in many cases. An increase in the dielectric constant was also observed in the long time region ($\\ge$11h) near the glass transition temperature for thin films with thickness less than 26nm. In the constant rate mode including a temporary stop at a temperature $T_a$, the memory of the aging at $T_a$ was found to be kept and then to be recalled during the subsequent heating process. In the negative temperature cycling process, a strong rejuvenation effect has been observed after the temperature shift from the initial temperature $T_1$ to the second temperature $T_2$($=T_1+\\Delta T$) when $\\Delta T\\approx -20$K. Furthermore, a full memory effect has also been observed for the temperature shift from $T_2$ to $T_1$. This suggests that the aging at $T_1$ is totally independent of that at $T_2$ for $\\Delta T\\approx -20$K. As $|\\Delta T|$ decreases, the independence of the aging between the two temperatures was found to be weaken, $i.e.,$ the effective time, which is a measure of the contribution of the aging at $T_1$ to that at $T_2$, is a decreasing function of $|\\Delta T|$ in the negative region of $\\Delta T$. As the film thickness decreases from 514nm to 26nm, the $|\\Delta T|$ dependence of the effective time was found to become much stronger. The contribution of the aging at $T_2$ to that at $T_1$ disappears more rapidly with increasing $|\\Delta T|$ in thin film geometry than in the bulk state.

Koji Fukao; Aiko Sakamoto

2004-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

500

A software memory partition approach for eliminating bank-level interference in multicore systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Main memory system is a shared resource in modern multicore machines, resulting in serious interference, which causes performance degradation in terms of throughput slowdown and unfairness. Numerous new memory scheduling algorithms have been proposed to address the interference problem. However, these algorithms usually employ complex scheduling logic and need hardware modification to memory controllers, as a result, industrial venders seem to have some hesitation in adopting them. This paper presents a practical software approach to effectively eliminate the interference without hardware modification. The key idea is to modify the OS memory management subsystem to adopt a page-coloring based bank-level partition mechanism (BPM), which allocates specific DRAM banks to specific cores (threads). By using BPM, memory controllers can passively schedule memory requests in a core-cluster (or thread-cluster) way. We implement BPM in Linux 2.6.32.15 kernel and evaluate BPM on 4-core and 8-core real machines by running randomly generated 20 multi-programmed workloads (each contains 4/8 benchmarks) and multi-threaded benchmark. Experimental results show that BPM can improve the overall system throughput by 4.7% on average (up to 8.6%), and reduce the maximum slowdown by 4.5 % on average (up to 15.8%). Moreover, BPM also saves 5.2% of the energy consumption of memory system.

Lei Liu; Zehan Cui; Mingjie Xing; Yungang Bao; Mingyu Chen; Chengyong Wu

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z