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1

Biogas in Vietnam : a proposed business model in biogas sector.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The purpose of this thesis was to discover a biogas opportunity in the Mekong Delta area in Vietnam. The discussed biogas production is derived from… (more)

Phan, Thi Thanh Thao

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

Energy and Environment Partnership Programme for Mekong Region | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Programme for Mekong Region Programme for Mekong Region Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Energy and Environment Partnership Programme for Mekong Region Name Energy and Environment Partnership Programme for Mekong Region Agency/Company /Organization Government of Finland, Nordic Development Fund Sector Energy, Land Focus Area Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy Topics Finance, Policies/deployment programs, Background analysis Website http://www.eepmekong.org/ Country Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam, Thailand UN Region South-Eastern Asia References EEP Mekong[1] Overview "Energy and Environment Partnership (EEP) with Mekong region countries is a grant offering program to promote the use of renewable energy, energy efficiency and clean technologies, financed by the Ministry for Foreign

3

Determinants of land-use change: A case study from the lower Mekong delta of southern Vietnam  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to vegetation mapping of Manitoba’s Hudson Bay Lowlands.and West St Paul, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada. Journal of

Nguyen, Son T Mr.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Sustainable Development Strategy for the Greater Mekong Subregion | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Mekong Subregion Mekong Subregion Jump to: navigation, search Name Sustainable Development Strategy for the Greater Mekong Subregion Agency/Company /Organization AIT-UNEP Regional Resource Centre for Asia and the Pacific Sector Energy, Land Topics Implementation, Policies/deployment programs, Background analysis Resource Type Guide/manual Website http://www.rrcap.unep.org/nsds Country Cambodia, China, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam, Laos UN Region South-Eastern Asia References Sustainable Development Strategy for the Greater Mekong Subregion[1] Overview "This document is expected to provide the strategic direction for the pursuit of sustainable development in the GMS. It is important to note that this document addresses the issues at the sub-regional level, building upon

5

Development of Sea Level Rise Scenarios for Climate Change Assessments...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Development of Sea Level Rise Scenarios for Climate Change Assessments of the Mekong Delta, Vietnam Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Development of Sea Level Rise...

6

Pliocene to recent stratigraphy of the Cuu Long and Nam Con Son Basins, offshore Vietnam  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Cuu Long and Nam Con Basins, offshore Vietnam, contain sediment dispersal systems, from up-dip fluvial environments to down-dip deep-water slope and basinal environments that operated along the southern continental margin of Vietnam during Pliocene to Recent time. The available data enabled sediment thickness patterns, sequence-stratigraphic relationships, and channel types (fluvial to deep-water channels) within the lower Pliocene to Recent stratigraphic succession in the Cuu Long and Nam Con Son basins of offshore Vietnam to be analyzed. At least nine sequences and their accompanying systems tracts exist in the Pliocene to Recent section. Shelf-edge development in the study area is limited to the Eastern Nam Con Son Sub-Basin. Overall south to southeastward migration of the shelf edge complex during Pliocene to Recent time indicates that the Paleo-Mekong River System was the dominant sediment source for the area.

Yarbrough, Christopher Neil

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

CO2 Emissions - Republic of South Vietnam  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Far East Republic of South Vietnam CO2 Emissions from Republic of South Vietnam Data graphic Data CO2 Emissions from Republic of South Vietnam...

8

From Public Loudspeakers to the Internet: The Adoption of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) by Small-Enterprise Clusters in Vietnam  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper discusses the impact of information and communication technologies (ICTs) on the development of clusters of small export-orientated enterprises in the Red River Delta region of northern Vietnam. Using the cluster concept, it argues that the ...

Dimitrios Konstadakopulos

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Vietnam HEU Removal | National Nuclear Security Administration  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

NNSANews posted a photo: Vietnam HEU Removal A convoy escorting the last highly enriched uranium in Vietnam departs Dalat. Facebook Twitter Youtube Flickr Headlines Jul 23,...

10

Vietnam HEU Removal | National Nuclear Security Administration  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Removal NNSANews posted a photo: Vietnam HEU Removal A truck carrying the last highly enriched uranium in Vietnam winds through the Vietnamese countryside. Facebook Twitter Youtube...

11

Vietnam National Coal Mineral Industries Group Vinacomin | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Coal Mineral Industries Group Vinacomin Jump to: navigation, search Name Vietnam National Coal-Mineral Industries Group (Vinacomin) Place Vietnam Product Vietnam-based project...

12

Neogene stratigraphic relationships within the Nam Con Son Basin, offshore Vietnam resulting from tectonics, eustasy, and sediment flux  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The South China Sea is a region of significant importance in terms of the records of SE Asian tectonics, including Tibetan Plateau uplift, and the onset and evolution of the East Asian monsoon. The Mekong River has been a dominant sediment source since at least late Miocene time and has headwaters on the eastern Tibetan Plateau. Understanding the Pliocene to Recent stratigraphy of the paleo-Mekong Delta and associated shelf-edge deposits aids in understanding changes in accommodation, sea level, and sediment supply. This record might then be useful in interpreting the longterm history of basin evolution in the Nam Con Son Basin. Nine sequence boundaries and associated sequences are recognized along the late Miocene to latest Pleistocene shelf in the East Nam Con Son Basin. Age constraints were assigned to key stratigraphic horizons by correlating sequence boundaries with published sea level curves. Accommodation in the study area is controlled by shelf -edge compaction, rift-related thermal subsidence, non-rift-related anomalous subsidence,Two primary sources supplied sediment to the southwestern South China Sea during Pliocene to Recent time and likely include the paleo-Mekong Delta and a fluviodeltaic system originating from the Sunda Shelf, such as the Molengraaff River. Changes in thickness, area, and location of Pliocene to Recent shelf-edge delta deposits reflect changes in accommodation and sediment supply over time, as well as progradation of the shelf edge during Pliocene to Recent time and avulsion of the shelf edge delta. Anomalous subsidence of LGM shelf edge deposits is estimated at approximately 40-50 m deeper than expected. The current depth of the LGM deltaic wedge may indicate renewed rapid tectonic subsidence during the last 18,000 yrs, possible compaction effects or a combination of these. eustatic change, and shelf edge faulting.

Wright, Christine M.

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Vietnam Energy Data, Statistics and Analysis - Oil, Gas ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Vietnam's energy policy objectives, outlined in the National Strategy for Energy Development, ... Vietnam's National Gas Master Plan projects that gas consumption in

14

Vietnam - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Oil and natural gas production is either undertaken by PetroVietnam's upstream subsidiary, PetroVietnam Exploration and Production (PVEP), ...

15

Vietnam HEU Removal | National Nuclear Security Administration  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

employee Igor Bolshinsky measures radioactivity on an ISO container containing highly enriched uranium in Dalat, Vietnam. Facebook Twitter Youtube Flickr Headlines Jul 23, 2013 US,...

16

Analysis of future energy pathways for Vietnam .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This research conducts an in-depth analysis of the long-term impacts of alternative energy options for Vietnam up to 2050, with a view to identify an… (more)

Do, Tien Minh

2050-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Vietnam HEU Removal | National Nuclear Security Administration  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Location Vietnam United States 13 12' 30.8628" N, 108 19' 30.702" E See map: Google Maps Printer-friendly version Printer-friendly version Javascript is required to view...

18

Fish Migration, Dams, and Loss of Ecosystem Services in the Mekong Basin  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The past decade has seen increased international recognition of the importance of the services provided by natural ecosystems. It is unclear however whether such international awareness will lead to improved environmental management in many regions. We explore this issue by examining the specific case of fish migration and dams on the Mekong river. We determine that dams on the Mekong mainstem and major tributaries will have a major impact on the basin's fisheries and the people who depend upon them for food and income. We find no evidence that current moves towards dam construction will stop, and consider two scenarios for the future of the fisheries and other ecosystems of the basin. We conclude that major investment is required in innovative technology to reduce the loss of ecosystem services, and alternative livelihood strategies to cope with the losses that do occur

Dugan, Patrick J. [WorldFish Center; Barlow, Chris [Australian Center for International Agricultural Research (ACIAR); Agostinho, Angelo A. [Fundacao University, Parana Brazil; Baran, Eric [WorldFish Center; Cada, Glenn F [ORNL; Chen, Daqing [Yangtze River Fisheries Research Institute, People's Republic of China; Cowx, Ian G. [Hull International Fisheries Research Institute, England; Ferguson, John W. [North West Fisheries Science Center, Seattle, WA; Jutagate, Tuantong [Ubon Ratchathani University, Ubon Ratchathani, Thailand; Mallen-Cooper, Martin [Fishway Consulting Service, Australia; Marmulla, Gerd [Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), Rome, Italy; Nestler, John [USA Corps Engineers, Concord, MA USA; Petrere, Miquel [Universidade Estadual Paulista, Rio Claro, Brazil; Winemiller, Kirk O. [Texas A& M University

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Vietnam: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Vietnam: Energy Resources Vietnam: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"TERRAIN","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"390px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":16.1666667,"lon":107.8333333,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

20

Forest Tenure Reform in Vietnam | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

in Vietnam in Vietnam Jump to: navigation, search Name Forest Tenure Reform in Vietnam Agency/Company /Organization Regional Community Forestry Training Center for Asia and the Pacific Sector Land Focus Area Forestry Topics Resource assessment, Background analysis Resource Type Lessons learned/best practices Website http://recoftc.org/site/filead Country Vietnam UN Region South-Eastern Asia References Forest Tenure Reform in Vietnam[1] Forest Tenure Reform in Vietnam Screenshot Summary "This report presents a synthesis of findings from the two surveys undertaken in Dak Lak (by Dak Lak Department of Agriculture and Rural Development (DARD)) and Hoa Binh by VFU (See Annex A. for a list of members in the two research teams). It was prepared by Nguyen Quang Tan, Nguyen Ba

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mekong delta vietnam" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

NNSA Helps Vietnam Establish Nuclear, Radiological Emergency Management  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Helps Vietnam Establish Nuclear, Radiological Emergency Management Helps Vietnam Establish Nuclear, Radiological Emergency Management System | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Home > Media Room > Press Releases > NNSA Helps Vietnam Establish Nuclear, Radiological Emergency ... Press Release NNSA Helps Vietnam Establish Nuclear, Radiological Emergency Management

22

Vietnam-Sub National Planning for Climate Change (cities, states...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

United Kingdom Department for International Development Sector Climate Focus Area Greenhouse Gas Topics Low emission development planning Country Vietnam South-Eastern Asia...

23

Vietnam-Renewable Energy Action Plan | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Renewable Energy Action Plan Jump to: navigation, search Name Vietnam-Renewable Energy Action Plan AgencyCompany Organization World Bank Sector Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy...

24

US, International Partners Remove Last Remaining HEU from Vietnam...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

International Partners Remove Last Remaining HEU from Vietnam, Set Nuclear Security Milestone | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile...

25

Vietnam-Danish Government Baseline Workstream | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Vietnam-Danish Government Baseline Workstream Vietnam-Danish Government Baseline Workstream Jump to: navigation, search Name Vietnam-Danish Government Baseline Workstream Agency/Company /Organization Danish Government Partner Danish Ministry for Climate, Energy, and Building; The Danish Energy Agency Sector Energy Topics Implementation, Low emission development planning Program Start 2011 Country Vietnam South-Eastern Asia References Denmark[1] Overview Progress and Outcomes Capacity building needs identified are lessons learned, challenges and gaps, including those that may be common between countries, and aspects of good practice for assumptions, methodologies and other aspects of baseline setting. References ↑ "Denmark" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Vietnam-Danish_Government_Baseline_Workstream&oldid=699935"

26

Vietnam-Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM) |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Vietnam-Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM) Vietnam-Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM) Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Vietnam-Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM) Name Vietnam-Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM) Agency/Company /Organization United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) Partner Global Environment Facility (GEF), Government of Denmark Sector Climate, Energy, Land Topics Adaptation, Co-benefits assessment, - Environmental and Biodiversity, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning Website http://www.unep.org/climatecha Program Start 2011 Program End 2013 Country Vietnam UN Region Central America References Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM)[1] "The Government of Denmark will provide US$6 million to the new programme

27

Horizontal Symmetries $\\Delta(150)$ and $\\Delta(600)$  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using group theory of mixing to examine all finite subgroups of SU(3) with an order less than 512, we found recently that only the group $\\Delta(150)$ can give rise to a correct reactor angle $\\th_{13}$ of neutrino mixing without any free parameter. It predicts $\\sin^22\\th_{13}=0.11$ and a sub-maximal atmospheric angle with $\\sin^22\\th_{23}=0.94$, in good agreement with experiment. The solar angle $\\th_{12}$, the CP phase $\\d$, and the neutrino masses $m_i$ are left as free parameters. In this article we provide more details of this case, discuss possible gain and loss by introducing right-handed symmetries, and/or valons to construct dynamical models. A simple model is discussed where the solar angle agrees with experiment, and all its mixing parameters can be obtained from the group $\\Delta(600)$ by symmetry alone. The promotion of $\\Delta(150)$ to $\\Delta(600)$ is on the one hand analogous to the promotion of $S_3$ to $S_4$ in the presence of tribimaximal mixing, and on the other hand similar to the extens...

Lam, C S

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Delta | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Delta Delta Dataset Summary Description This dataset comes from the Energy Information Administration (EIA), and is part of the 2011 Annual Energy Outlook Report (AEO2011). This dataset is table 109, and contains only the reference case. The dataset uses gigawatts, billion kilowatthours and quadrillion Btu. The data is broken down into generating capacity, electricity generation and energy consumption. Source EIA Date Released April 26th, 2011 (3 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords 2011 AEO Delta EIA Renewable Energy Generation SERC Reliability Corporation Data application/vnd.ms-excel icon AEO2011: Renewable Energy Generation by Fuel - SERC Reliability Corporation / Delta- Reference Case (xls, 118.9 KiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Peer Reviewed Comment

29

Vietnam-Sub National Planning for Climate Change (cities, states,  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Vietnam-Sub National Planning for Climate Change (cities, states, Vietnam-Sub National Planning for Climate Change (cities, states, districts) Jump to: navigation, search Name Vietnam-Sub National Planning for Climate Change (cities, states, districts) Agency/Company /Organization United Kingdom Department for International Development Sector Climate Focus Area Greenhouse Gas Topics Low emission development planning Country Vietnam South-Eastern Asia References Asia Regional [1] This programme will build capacity of central, state and local governments in the region to integrate low carbon, climate resilience objectives into policy, plans and programmes in various sectors. It will provide technical support in the preparation of plans, longer term institutional support to key govt agencies for implementation, and financing for pilot initiatives

30

Vietnam-Lowering Emissions in Asia's Forests (LEAF) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Vietnam-Lowering Emissions in Asia's Forests (LEAF) Vietnam-Lowering Emissions in Asia's Forests (LEAF) Jump to: navigation, search Name Vietnam-Lowering Emissions in Asia's Forests (LEAF) Agency/Company /Organization United States Agency for International Development Sector Climate, Land Focus Area Biomass, Forestry Topics GHG inventory, Low emission development planning, -LEDS Resource Type Training materials Website http://www.snvworld.org/en/sec Country Vietnam South-Eastern Asia References LEAF[1] "Lowering Emissions in Asia's Forests (LEAF), supported by USAID/RDMA, aims to strengthen the capacity of target countries to achieve meaningful and sustained reductions in GHG emissions from the forestry-land use sector while assisting them in benefitting from the emerging international REDD+ framework.

31

Vietnam-Low Emissions Asian Development (LEAD) Program | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Vietnam-Low Emissions Asian Development (LEAD) Program Vietnam-Low Emissions Asian Development (LEAD) Program Jump to: navigation, search Name Vietnam-Low Emissions Asian Development (LEAD) Program Agency/Company /Organization ICF International, United States Agency for International Development (USAID) Partner USFS, EPA, United States Department of State Sector Climate, Energy, Land Topics Background analysis, Low emission development planning, -LEDS Website http://www.LowEmissionsAsia.or Country Vietnam South-Eastern Asia References USAID LEAD Program[1] The Low Emissions Asian Development (LEAD) program is a regional US Agency for International Development (USAID) activity that supports developing countries in Asia to achieve long-term, transformative development and accelerate sustainable, climate-resilient economic growth while slowing the

32

Public Attitudes toward a Market Economy in Vietnam  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Practices in a Transition Economy: An Exploration of WorkerConference on Transition Economies, 31 May – 1 June 2004,Office. 2002. Vietnam Economy in the Years of Reform. Hanoi:

Minh Hac, Pham; Thanh Nghi, Pham

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

US, International Partners Remove Last Remaining HEU from Vietnam...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and eliminating weapons-usable nuclear materials," said U.S. Secretary of Energy Ernest Moniz. "Today, with the complete removal of all highly enriched uranium from Vietnam, we can...

34

Vietnam-Climate Technology Initiative Private Financing Advisory Network  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Vietnam-Climate Technology Initiative Private Financing Advisory Network Vietnam-Climate Technology Initiative Private Financing Advisory Network (CTI PFAN) Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Vietnam-Climate Technology Initiative Private Financing Advisory Network (CTI PFAN) Name Vietnam-Climate Technology Initiative Private Financing Advisory Network (CTI PFAN) Agency/Company /Organization Climate Technology Initiative (CTI), United States Agency for International Development (USAID), Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Partnership (REEEP) Partner International Centre for Environmental Technology Transfer Sector Energy Focus Area Agriculture, Biomass, - Biofuels, - Landfill Gas, - Waste to Energy, Buildings, Energy Efficiency, Forestry, Geothermal, Greenhouse Gas, Solar, Transportation, Water Power, Wind Topics Adaptation, Co-benefits assessment, - Energy Access, - Environmental and Biodiversity, - Health, - Macroeconomic, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning, -NAMA, -TNA

35

VIETNAM FINE HANDICRAFT PRODUCT SHOW-CASE AT LUMING SQUARE FROM MARCH 29TH  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and silk-making industry of Vietnam... #12;... or precious, skilful and lovely ceramic products made from Bat Trang village, the cradle of ceramic art of Vietnam And products made by inspiration, by hand

Wu, Yih-Min

36

U.S.-Vietnam Climate Change Working Group | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Vietnam Climate Change Working Group Vietnam Climate Change Working Group Jump to: navigation, search Name U.S.-Vietnam Climate Change Working Group Agency/Company /Organization United States Geological Survey, Government of Vietnam Sector Energy, Land Topics Policies/deployment programs, Background analysis Website http://www.pwrc.usgs.gov/CCWG/ Program Start 2008 Country United States, Vietnam UN Region South-Eastern Asia, Northern America References U.S.-Vietnam Climate Change Working Group[1] "The U.S.-Vietnam Climate Change Working Group (CCWG) met in Hanoi from 31 March to 2 April 2010 and developed a program of cooperative work and projects. Priorities for cooperation included: I. To establish benchmark Surface Elevation Table (SET) devices on the Vietnam coast to measure coastal elevation change, the first step in

37

DELTA PHASE PLUTONIUM ALLOYS  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Delta-phase plutonium alloys were developed suitable for use as reactor fuels. The alloys consist of from 1 to 4 at.% zinc and the balance plutonium. The alloys have good neutronic, corrosion, and fabrication characteristics snd possess good dimensional characteristics throughout an operating temperature range from 300 to 490 deg C.

Cramer, E.M.; Ellinger, F.H.; Land. C.C.

1960-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

38

Sister Lab Program Prospective Partner Nuclear Profile: Vietnam  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Vietnam's nuclear program began in the 1960s with the installation at Dalat of a 250 kW TRIGA Mk-II research reactor under the U.S. Atoms for Peace Program. The reactor was shut down and its core removed only a few years later, and the nuclear research program was suspended until after the end of the civil war in the late 1970s. The Soviet Union assisted Vietnam in restoring the Dalat reactor to an operational status in 1984, trained a cadre of scientific and technical staff in its operation, and contributed to the development of nuclear science for the medical and agricultural sectors. In the agricultural area in particular, Vietnamese experts have been very successful in developing mutant strains of rice, and continue to work with the IAEA to yield strains that have a shorter growing period, increased resistance to disease, and other desirable characteristics. Rice has always been the main crop in Vietnam, but technical cooperation with the IAEA and other states has enabled the country to become one of the top rice producers in the world, exporting much of its annual crop to over two dozen countries annually. More recently, Vietnam's government has shown increasing interest in developing a civil nuclear program to supplement its fossil fuel and other energy resources. Projections from a variety of open sources, ranging from the IAEA, the U.S. Department of Energy's Energy Information Administration (EIA), the Vietnamese government, energy corporations, and think tanks all predict a massive increase in energy consumption--especially electricity--within Vietnam and the region as a whole. This growth in consumption will require a corresponding increase in energy production, which in Vietnam is currently satisfied mainly by fossil fuels (coal) and renewable energy (hydropower and biomass); Vietnam has a refining capacity of about 800 barrels/day. Most of its crude oil is exported to generate export income, and is not used to generate electricity. Although Vietnam is able to meet most of its needs through its own resources, it consumes more electricity than it produces (approximately six billion KWh/a). Open sources indicate that increasing exports of manufactured goods and a corresponding growth in the industrial sector (16% since 2003) will lead to a greater energy shortfall beyond the next decade--between 35 and 65 billion KWh/year after 2020. As a signatory to the Kyoto Treaty and other regional environmental accords, and seeking an alternative to its stretched hydroelectric resources, Vietnam is looking for a means to increase energy production while minimizing emissions of greenhouse gases.

Bissani, M; Tyson, S

2006-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

39

Vietnam Research Center for Energy and Environment | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

for Energy and Environment for Energy and Environment Jump to: navigation, search Name Vietnam Research Center for Energy and Environment Address 466 Nguyen Chi Thanh Street Hanoi Vietnam Place Vietnam Coordinates 21.0199431°, 105.8081245° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":21.0199431,"lon":105.8081245,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

40

Vietnam-GTZ RE Policy and Wind Power Development Project | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Vietnam-GTZ RE Policy and Wind Power Development Project Vietnam-GTZ RE Policy and Wind Power Development Project Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Vietnam-GTZ Wind Power Development Project Name Vietnam-GTZ Wind Power Development Project Agency/Company /Organization GTZ on behalf of the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU) Partner Ministry of Industry and Trade (MoIT), The Electricity Regulatory Authority of Vietnam (ERAV), Electricity of Vietnam (EVN) Sector Energy Focus Area Wind Topics Policies/deployment programs, Background analysis Website http://www.gtz.de/en/themen/26 Program Start 2008 Program End 2011 Country Vietnam UN Region South-Eastern Asia References Establishment of a Legal Framework and Improvement of Technical Capacities for Grid - connected Wind Power Development in Viet Nam[1]

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mekong delta vietnam" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Opportunities and Challenges to Scaling-up Wind Power in Vietnam | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Challenges to Scaling-up Wind Power in Vietnam Challenges to Scaling-up Wind Power in Vietnam Jump to: navigation, search Name Opportunities and Challenges to Scaling-up Wind Power in Vietnam Agency/Company /Organization Asian Development Bank Sector Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy, Wind Topics Co-benefits assessment, Market analysis, Pathways analysis, Background analysis, Technology characterizations Resource Type Presentation Website http://www.adb.org/documents/e Country Vietnam UN Region South-Eastern Asia References Vietnam-Wind Power Opportunities and Challenges [1] References ↑ "Vietnam-Wind Power Opportunities and Challenges" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Opportunities_and_Challenges_to_Scaling-up_Wind_Power_in_Vietnam&oldid=383401"

42

Delta Sud | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Product France-based company that provides services of design, project development and installation of PV systems. References Delta Sud1 LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase...

43

Vietnam-USAID Country Report | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Vietnam-USAID Country Report Vietnam-USAID Country Report Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Vietnam-USAID Country Report: From Ideas to Action: Clean Energy Solutions for Asia to Address Climate Change Agency/Company /Organization: U.S. Agency for International Development Sector: Energy Focus Area: Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy Topics: Implementation, Policies/deployment programs, Pathways analysis Resource Type: Publications Website: usaid.eco-asia.org/programs/cdcp/reports/Ideas-to-Action/annexes/Annex Country: Vietnam UN Region: South-Eastern Asia Coordinates: 14.058324°, 108.277199° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":14.058324,"lon":108.277199,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

44

Vietnam Education Foundation U.S. FACULTY SCHOLAR PROGRAM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Vietnam Education Foundation U.S. FACULTY SCHOLAR PROGRAM ***** CALL FOR PROPOSALS For the 2013 Cohort For Academic Year 2013-2014 #12;2 | P a g e U . S . F a c u l t y S c h o l a r P r o g r a m f o .......................................................................................... 14 14. Timeline for 2013 Cohort for AY 2013

Reisslein, Martin

45

Flagging vigilance: the post-Vietnam "Hollow Army"  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis is an evaluation of the United States Army as it existed in the years following its evacuation from Southeast Asia and its transition from a predominantly conscript army to the all-volunteer concept in 1973. The post-Vietnam army's reputation has been pierced through with derision as time has passed and this study seeks to ascertain the merit of that derision. Not least among the dispersions cast against the army in question were those expressed by Army Chief of Staff Edward C. "Shy" Meyer in his 1980 White Paper. In his assessment, Meyer raised several questions regarding the post-Vietnam army's ability to meet its missions of deterrence and preparedness for war due to several maladies afflicting the force at the time. Ultimately, Meyer charged that the army was not, in fact, attaining its desired goals, coining the term "Hollow Army" in describing its status. Using Meyer's White Paper as a genesis, this study will examine several aspects of the post-Vietnam army in an effort to ascertain the validity of Meyer's assessment. The areas discussed include manpower and recruiting troubles, retention difficulties, the quality of life provided to the soldiers of the All-Volunteer Force, the caliber of soldiers serving during the period in question, and the nature of soldier behavior and conduct. In due course, this thesis will demonstrate that Meyer's negative assessment of the post-Vietnam army's status was quite accurate (if not comprehensive) and that America's guardian was, in fact, hollow.

Lee, Robert Matthew

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Vietnam-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Vietnam-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) Vietnam-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) Jump to: navigation, search Name Vietnam-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) Agency/Company /Organization Center for Clean Air Policy (CCAP) Partner ICI, Environment Canada, BP, World Bank Institute, Thailand, Ministry of Energy Thailand, Ministry of Industry Thailand, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Thailand, Pollution Control Department, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Philippines, Climate Change Commission Philippines, Department of Environment and Natural Resources Vietnam, Ministry of Planning and Investment Vietnam, Sub-Institute of Hydrometeorology and Environment of South Vietnam, Ministry of Industry and Trade Vietnam, Ministry of Finance Indonesia, Ministry of Public Works Indonesia, Ministry of Transport Indonesia, Dept. of Clean & Efficient Energy Technology Implementation Indonesia, National Council on Climate Change Malaysia, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Malaysia, Dept. of Economic Planning Malaysia, Ministry of Green Technology, Energy and Water Malaysia, Land Public Transport Commission India, Central Electricity Regulatory Commission Pakistan, Dept. of Planning & Development Pakistan, Ministry of Finance Pakistan, Ministry of Foreign Affairs Pakistan, Ministry of Water and Power Germany, Federal Environment Ministry Argentina, Ministry of Energy Argentina, Ministry of Industry Chile, Ministry of Environment Chile, Ministry of Energy Chile, Ministry of Transport Chile, Ministry of Finance Colombia, Ministry of Environment Colombia, Ministry of Transport Colombia, Department of National Planning Colombia, Ministry of Housing Costa Rica, Climate Change Direction Costa Rica, Ministry of Agriculture Costa Rica, Ministry of Housing Costa Rica, Ministry of Energy Dominican Republic, National Climate Change Commission Dominican Republic, National Energy Commission Dominican Republic, Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources Dominican Republic, Ministry of Economy, Planning and Development Dominican Republic, Technical Office for Land Transport (OTTT) Panama Canal Authority Panama Maritime Authority Peru, Ministry of Environment Peru, Ministry of Energy and Mines Peru, Ministry of Transport and Communications Peru, Ministry of Energy and Mines Uruguay, Ministry of the Environment Uruguay, National Transport Directorate Uruguay, Ministry of Industry, Energy and Minerals Uruguay, Ministry of Agriculture Canada, Ministry of the Environment Norway, Ministry of the Environment Sweden, Department of the Environment UK, Department for Energy and Climate Change (DECC), Danish Government

47

Delta Faucet: Data Request (2010-SW-1603) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Delta Faucet: Data Request (2010-SW-1603) Delta Faucet: Data Request (2010-SW-1603) March 2, 2010 DOE requested test data from Delta Faucet Corporation for Delta Faucet's...

48

Delta Electroproduction in 12-C  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Delta-nucleus potential is a crucial element in the understanding of the nuclear system. Previous electroexcitation measurements in the delta region reported a Q2 dependence of the delta mass indicating that this potential is dependent on the momentum of the delta. Such a dependence is not observed for protons and neutrons in the nuclear medium. This thesis presents the experimental study of the electroexcitation of the delta resonance in 12C, performed using the high energy electron beam at the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, and the near 4(pie) acceptance detector CLAS that enables the detection of the full reaction final state. Inclusive, semi inclusive, and exclusive cross sections were measured with an incident electron beam energy of 1.162GeV over the Q2 range 0.175-0.475 (GeV/c)2. A Q2 dependence of the delta mass was only observed in the exclusive measurements indicating that the delta-nucleus potential is affected by the momentum of the delta.

Steven McLauchlan

2003-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

49

Vietnam-The World Bank Partnership for Market Readiness (PMR) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Vietnam-The World Bank Partnership for Market Readiness (PMR) Vietnam-The World Bank Partnership for Market Readiness (PMR) Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Vietnam-The World Bank Partnership for Market Readiness (PMR) Name Vietnam-The World Bank Partnership for Market Readiness (PMR) Agency/Company /Organization World Bank Partner Australia, Denmark, EC, Germany, Japan, Netherlands, Norway Spain, Switzerland, UK, and US Sector Climate, Energy Focus Area Non-renewable Energy, Buildings, Economic Development, Energy Efficiency, Goods and Materials, Greenhouse Gas, Grid Assessment and Integration, Industry, Offsets and Certificates, People and Policy, Transportation Topics Baseline projection, Finance, GHG inventory, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Market analysis, Policies/deployment programs

50

Impacts of globlisation and trade liberalisation on small households in Vietnam livestock sector.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Vietnam has negotiated a series of bilateral and multilateral trade agreements and has made significant steps in integrating into the world economy. This integration is… (more)

Pham, Thi Ngoc Linh

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Scheuten Delta | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Netherlands-based JV focused on integrated solar project development across the supply chain. References Scheuten Delta1 LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase...

52

Onset of the Summer Monsoon over the Southern Vietnam and its Predictability  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Onset of the Summer Monsoon over the Southern Vietnam and its Predictability Xuan Thanh Pham.1007/s00704-009-0115-z #12;2 Abstract The summer monsoon onset over southern Vietnam is determined the period 1979-2004, the summer monsoon onset mean date is on 12 May, with a standard deviation of 11.6 days

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

53

Vietnam-NIES Low-Carbon Society Scenarios 2050 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Vietnam-NIES Low-Carbon Society Scenarios 2050 Vietnam-NIES Low-Carbon Society Scenarios 2050 Jump to: navigation, search Name Vietnam-NIES Low-Carbon Society Scenarios 2050 Agency/Company /Organization National Institute for Environmental Studies Topics Background analysis, Low emission development planning Website http://2050.nies.go.jp/LCS/ind Program Start 2009 Country Vietnam UN Region Eastern Asia References 2050 Low-Carbon Society Scenarios (LCSs)[1] National and Local Scenarios National and local scenarios available from the activity webpage: http://2050.nies.go.jp/LCS/index.html References ↑ "2050 Low-Carbon Society Scenarios (LCSs)" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Vietnam-NIES_Low-Carbon_Society_Scenarios_2050&oldid=700320" Category: Programs

54

Vietnam-Integrated Action Plan to Reduce Vehicle Emissions | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Vietnam-Integrated Action Plan to Reduce Vehicle Emissions Vietnam-Integrated Action Plan to Reduce Vehicle Emissions Jump to: navigation, search Name Vietnam-Integrated Action Plan to Reduce Vehicle Emissions Agency/Company /Organization Asian Development Bank Focus Area Transportation Topics Implementation, Policies/deployment programs, Background analysis Resource Type Guide/manual Website http://www.adb.org/documents/o Program Start 2002 Country Vietnam UN Region South-Eastern Asia References Vietnam-Integrated Action Plan to Reduce Vehicle Emissions[1] Background "A major goal of this strategy is to reduce mobile sources of air pollution in Viet Nam's largest cities. According to this strategy, industry, business units, management agencies and the transport sector must carefully control pollutant emissions such as carbon monoxide (CO), carbon dioxide

55

Removal of Last Remaining HEU from Vietnam - Time Lapse Video | National  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Removal of Last Remaining HEU from Vietnam - Time Lapse Video | National Removal of Last Remaining HEU from Vietnam - Time Lapse Video | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Home > Media Room > Video Gallery > Removal of Last Remaining HEU from Vietnam ... Removal of Last Remaining HEU from Vietnam - Time Lapse Video Removal of Last Remaining HEU from Vietnam - Time Lapse Video

56

Controlled Vortex Breakdown on Modified Delta Wings  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper studies the effect of perturbation to the breakdown of the leading-edge vortices over delta wings. The passive perturbation in the normal direction is achieved by installing the hemisphere-like bulges on the delta wing along the projection ... Keywords: Bulge perturbation, Delta wing, Vortex breakdown

S. Srigrarom; N. Lewpiriyawong

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Vietnam-Strengthening Public and Private Climate Finance in Asia | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Vietnam-Strengthening Public and Private Climate Finance in Asia Vietnam-Strengthening Public and Private Climate Finance in Asia Jump to: navigation, search Name Vietnam-Strengthening Public and Private Climate Finance in Asia Agency/Company /Organization Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN), German Agency for International Cooperation (GIZ), United Kingdom Department for International Development Partner Government of Asian Countries Sector Climate Focus Area Greenhouse Gas Topics Finance, Low emission development planning Country Vietnam South-Eastern Asia References CDKN[1] Regional implications of the AGF recommendations: Asia[2] Program Overview "This program aimed to identify how industrialised countries could mobilize resources to support climate-resilient development in the developing world.

58

Vietnam-Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth in Developing  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Vietnam-Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth in Developing Vietnam-Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth in Developing Asia Jump to: navigation, search Name Vietnam-Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth in Developing Asia Agency/Company /Organization Asian Development Bank Partner Japan, United Kingdom Sector Climate, Energy Focus Area Non-renewable Energy, Buildings, Economic Development, Energy Efficiency, Greenhouse Gas, Grid Assessment and Integration, People and Policy, Transportation Topics Baseline projection, GHG inventory, Low emission development planning, Market analysis, Pathways analysis, Policies/deployment programs Program Start 2011 Program End 2013 Country Vietnam South-Eastern Asia References Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth in Developing Asia[1]

59

Vietnam-UNEP Risoe-Technology Needs Assessment Program | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Vietnam-UNEP Risoe-Technology Needs Assessment Program Vietnam-UNEP Risoe-Technology Needs Assessment Program Jump to: navigation, search Name Vietnam-UNEP Risoe-Technology Needs Assessment Program Agency/Company /Organization UNEP-Risoe Centre Sector Energy Topics Background analysis, Low emission development planning, -Roadmap, Pathways analysis Website http://tech-action.org/ Country Vietnam South-Eastern Asia References UNEP Risoe-Technology Needs Assessment Program[1] Abstract UNEP DTIE in collaboration with the UNEP Risoe Centre will provide targeted financial, technical and methodological support to assist a total of 35 to 45 countries to conduct TNA projects Overview "Technology needs assessment (TNA) is a set of country-driven activities that identifies and determines the mitigation and adaptation technology

60

Vietnam-Low Carbon Asia Research Network (LoCARNet) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Vietnam-Low Carbon Asia Research Network (LoCARNet) Vietnam-Low Carbon Asia Research Network (LoCARNet) Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Vietnam-Low Carbon Asia Research Network (LoCARNet) Name Vietnam-Low Carbon Asia Research Network (LoCARNet) Agency/Company /Organization Institute for Global Environmental Strategies (IGES) Partner Japan Ministry of Environment Sector Climate, Energy, Land Focus Area Agriculture, Biomass, Buildings, Economic Development, Energy Efficiency, Forestry, Geothermal, Greenhouse Gas, Hydrogen, Industry, Land Use, People and Policy, Solar, Transportation, Wind Topics Background analysis, GHG inventory, Low emission development planning, -LEDS, -NAMA, -Roadmap, Pathways analysis, Policies/deployment programs Website http://lcs-rnet.org/about_loca Program Start 2012 Program End 2014

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mekong delta vietnam" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Market analysis of second-generation bioethanol in Vietnam : implication for business options.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??With the country’s moonsoon weather, Vietnam has ideal conditions for agriculture such as rice, sugar cane, maize, and has long been well-known for being the… (more)

Vo Trieu Le Thao, Iva

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Vietnam-EC-LEDS in the Agriculture Sector | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Vietnam-EC-LEDS in the Agriculture Sector Vietnam-EC-LEDS in the Agriculture Sector Jump to: navigation, search Name Vietnam-EC-LEDS in the Agriculture Sector Agency/Company /Organization United States Department of Agriculture, United States Department of State Partner Ministry of Agriculture, Ministry of Environment Sector Climate, Land Focus Area Agriculture, Economic Development, Greenhouse Gas, Land Use Topics Adaptation, Implementation, Low emission development planning, -LEDS, Policies/deployment programs Program Start 2011 Program End 2013 Country Vietnam South-Eastern Asia References Land Use Assessment Toolkit - Agriculture Resources[1] Overview Progress and Outcomes Capacity building activities include strengthening implementation of climate change policies, development of climate change policies, and

63

Pion optical potential with. delta. dynamics  

SciTech Connect

A pion optical potential is constructed which incorporates the ..delta.. dynamics found to be important in ..delta..-hole analyses of pion scattering from light nuclei. These dynamics include ..delta.. propagation, binding and Pauli blocking, and a ..delta.. spreading potential. We employ a local density approximation for the medium-modified ..delta.. propagator, resulting in a computationally flexible tool for the analysis of pion-nucleus data. We reproduce the ..delta..-hole results for ..pi..-/sup 16/O scattering satisfactorily. Elastic ..pi../sup + -/-/sup 208/Pb scattering is described very well with the same strongly damping spreading potential found for light nuclei. The pion wave functions in the medium are substantially modified by the ..delta.. dynamics.

Karaoglu, B.; Moniz, E.J.

1986-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Deserting Gender: A Feminist Rhetorical Approach to Vietnam War Novels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Female characters and references to femininity throughout American war literature disrupt discursive and biological divisions of the masculine and feminine. In examining gender and war literature over the twentieth century, I propose an alternative genealogy of American war literature in which narratives since the end of the nineteenth century initiate two related patterns of gender representation that Vietnam War literature dramatically expands: they critique aggression, camaraderie, and heroism, rejecting these traditional sites of masculinity through desertion narratives, and they harness sentimentality, domesticity, motherhood, and penetration, embracing these traditional sites of femininity in ways that disrupt gender norms. By examining these sites of cross-gender identification through psychoanalytic, rhetorical, and feminist methods, I argue that narratives by Stephen Crane, Ernest Hemingway, Kurt Vonnegut, Tim O'Brien, Stephen Wright, and Larry Heinemann reveal the power of contemporary redefinitions of gender by absorbing feminist discourse into the performance of masculinity.

Womack, Anne-Marie

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Development of Sea Level Rise Scenarios for Climate Change Assessments of  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Development of Sea Level Rise Scenarios for Climate Change Assessments of Development of Sea Level Rise Scenarios for Climate Change Assessments of the Mekong Delta, Vietnam Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Development of Sea Level Rise Scenarios for Climate Change Assessments of the Mekong Delta, Vietnam Agency/Company /Organization: United States Geological Survey Sector: Land, Water, Climate Topics: Baseline projection, GHG inventory, Co-benefits assessment, Background analysis Resource Type: Publications Website: pubs.usgs.gov/of/2010/1165/ Country: Vietnam UN Region: South-Eastern Asia Coordinates: 14.058324°, 108.277199° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":14.058324,"lon":108.277199,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

66

Determination of the Delta++ magnetic dipole moment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the elastic and radiative pi+ p scattering within a full dynamical model which incorporates the finite width effects of the Delta++. The scattering amplitudes are invariant under contact transformations of the spin 3/2 field and gauge-invariance is fulfilled for the radiative case. The pole parameters of the Delta++ obtained from the elastic cross section are m_Delta = 1211.2 \\pm 0.4 MeV and Gamma_Delta = 88.2 \\pm 0.4 MeV. From a fit to the most sensitive observables in radiative pi+ p scattering, we obtain mu_Delta = 6.14 \\pm 0.51 e/2m_p for the magnetic dipole moment of the Delta++.

G. Lopez Castro; A. Mariano

2000-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

67

Building on and spinning off: Sandia National Labs` creation of sensors for Vietnam  

SciTech Connect

This paper discusses Sandia National Laboratories` development of new technologies for use in the Vietnam War - specifically the seismic sensors deployed to detect troop and vehicle movement - first along the Ho Chi Minh Trail and later in perimeter defense for American military encampments in South Vietnam. Although the sensor story is a small one, it is interesting because it dovetails nicely with our understanding of the war in Vietnam and its frustrations; of the creation of new technologies for war and American enthusiasm for that technology; and of a technological military and the organizational research and a m am development structure created to support it. Within the defense establishment, the sensors were proposed within the context of a larger concept - that of a barrier to prevent the infiltration of troops and supplies from North Vietnam to the South. All of the discussion of the best way to fight in Vietnam is couched in the perception that this was a different kind of war than America was used to fighting. The emphasis was on countering the problems posed by guerrilla/revolutionary warfare and eventually by the apparent constraints of being involved in a military action, not an outright war. The American response was to find the right technology to do the job - to control the war by applying a technological tincture to its wounds and to make the war familiar and fightable on American terms. And, when doubts were raised about the effectiveness of applying existing technologies (namely, the bombing of North Vietnam and Laos), the doubters turned to new technologies. The sensors that were developed for use in Vietnam were a direct product of this sort of thinking - on the part of the engineers at Sandia who created the sensors, the civilian scientific advisors who recommended them, and, ultimately, the soldiers in the field who had to use them.

Ullrich, R.

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

68

Ultrasonic beamforming with Delta-Sigma modulators  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Delta - Sigma (??) modulation allows delay resolution in ultrasound beamformers to be achieved by simple clock cycle delays applied to the undecimated bitstream, greatly reducing the complexity of the signal processing and the number of bits ... Keywords: beamformer, delay, delta-sigma, ultrasound

Ioan Lie; Mihail Eugen Tanase; Dan Lascu; Mihaela Lascu

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Delta connected resonant snubber circuit  

SciTech Connect

A delta connected, resonant snubber-based, soft switching, inverter circuit achieves lossless switching during dc-to-ac power conversion and power conditioning with minimum component count and size. Current is supplied to the resonant snubber branches solely by the dc supply voltage through the main inverter switches and the auxiliary switches. Component count and size are reduced by use of a single semiconductor switch in the resonant snubber branches. Component count is also reduced by maximizing the use of stray capacitances of the main switches as parallel resonant capacitors. Resonance charging and discharging of the parallel capacitances allows lossless, zero voltage switching. In one embodiment, circuit component size and count are minimized while achieving lossless, zero voltage switching within a three-phase inverter.

Lai, Jih-Sheng (Knoxville, TN); Peng, Fang Zheng (Oak Ridge, TN); Young, Sr., Robert W. (Oak Ridge, TN); Ott, Jr., George W. (Knoxville, TN)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Delta connected resonant snubber circuit  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A delta connected, resonant snubber-based, soft switching, inverter circuit achieves lossless switching during dc-to-ac power conversion and power conditioning with minimum component count and size. Current is supplied to the resonant snubber branches solely by the dc supply voltage through the main inverter switches and the auxiliary switches. Component count and size are reduced by use of a single semiconductor switch in the resonant snubber branches. Component count is also reduced by maximizing the use of stray capacitances of the main switches as parallel resonant capacitors. Resonance charging and discharging of the parallel capacitances allows lossless, zero voltage switching. In one embodiment, circuit component size and count are minimized while achieving lossless, zero voltage switching within a three-phase inverter. 36 figs.

Lai, J.S.; Peng, F.Z.; Young, R.W. Sr.; Ott, G.W. Jr.

1998-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

71

Delta Junction Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Delta Junction Wind Farm Delta Junction Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Delta Junction Wind Farm Facility Delta Junction Sector Wind energy Facility Type Small Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Alaska Environmental Power Developer Alaska Environmental Power Location South of Delta Junction AK Coordinates 64.069461°, -145.717661° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":64.069461,"lon":-145.717661,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

72

Vietnam-NAMA Programme for the Construction Sector in Asia | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Page Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Vietnam-NAMA Programme for the Construction Sector in Asia Jump to: navigation, search Name Vietnam-NAMA Programme for the Construction Sector in Asia Agency/Company /Organization United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) Sector Climate Focus Area Renewable Energy, Buildings, Industry Topics Low emission development planning, -LEDS, -NAMA, Market analysis Website http://www.unep.org/sbci/pdfs/ Program End 2017 Country Vietnam South-Eastern Asia References Buildings and Climate Change[1] Program Overview This project will support countries to develop Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMA) for the building sector. The NAMAs will be developed and apply common MRV methodologies for buildings in line with

73

Vietnam-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP) | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Vietnam-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP) Vietnam-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP) Jump to: navigation, search Name Vietnam-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP) Agency/Company /Organization The European Union (EU), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU), Australian Department of Climate Change and Energy Efficiency (DCCEE), Australian Agency for International Development (AusAID) Partner Multiple Ministries Sector Climate Focus Area Renewable Energy, Non-renewable Energy, Agriculture, Biomass, Buildings, Economic Development, Energy Efficiency, Forestry, Geothermal, Goods and Materials, Greenhouse Gas, Industry, Land Use, Offsets and Certificates, People and Policy, Solar, Transportation, Water Power, Wind

74

Vietnam-Joint Programme on Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production (RECP)  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Vietnam-Joint Programme on Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production (RECP) Vietnam-Joint Programme on Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production (RECP) in Developing and Transition Countries Jump to: navigation, search Name Vietnam-Joint Programme on Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production (RECP) in Developing and Transition Countries Agency/Company /Organization United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO), United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) Partner Ministry of Energy, Ministry of Planning, Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Environment, Ministry of Industry Sector Climate, Energy, Water Focus Area Renewable Energy, Non-renewable Energy, Agriculture, Economic Development, Goods and Materials, Industry, People and Policy, Water Conservation Topics Background analysis, Co-benefits assessment, - Environmental and Biodiversity, - Health, - Macroeconomic, Finance, GHG inventory, Implementation, Low emission development planning, -LEDS, -NAMA, -Roadmap, -TNA, Market analysis, Pathways analysis, Policies/deployment programs, Resource assessment, Technology characterizations

75

Vietnam-Rapid Assessment of City Emissions (RACE) for Low Carbon Cities:  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Vietnam-Rapid Assessment of City Emissions (RACE) for Low Carbon Cities: Vietnam-Rapid Assessment of City Emissions (RACE) for Low Carbon Cities: Transport and Building Electricity Use Jump to: navigation, search Name Vietnam-Rapid Assessment of City Emissions (RACE) for Low Carbon Cities: Transport and Building Electricity Use Agency/Company /Organization Clean Air Asia, Chreod Ltd. Partner Asian Development Bank (ADB), Ministry of Planning Sector Land Focus Area Buildings, Economic Development, Energy Efficiency, Greenhouse Gas, Land Use, People and Policy, Transportation Topics Background analysis, Baseline projection, Co-benefits assessment, - Environmental and Biodiversity, GHG inventory, Low emission development planning, -LEDS, Market analysis, Pathways analysis, Policies/deployment programs Website http://cleanairinitiative.org/

76

Reducing Uncertainty for the DeltaQ Duct Leakage Test  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the DeltaQ duct Leakage Test”. ASHRAE Transactions (inof a new Duct Leakage Test: DeltaQ. LBNL 47308. Walker, I,Uncertainties in the DeltaQ test for Duct Leakage.

Walker, Iain S.; Sherman, Max H.; Dickerhoff, Darryl J.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Water supply analysis for restoring the Colorado River Delta, Mexico  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Environmental Flows in the Colorado River Delta. Figure 7Cost of Minimum Flows in the Colorado River Delta. Figure 8and Ecological Health on the Colorado River Delta region."

Medellin-Azuara, Josue; Lund, Jay R.; Howitt, Richard E.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

EA-1969: Clark Fork River Delta Restoration Project, Bonner County...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EA-1969: Clark Fork River Delta Restoration Project, Bonner County, Idaho EA-1969: Clark Fork River Delta Restoration Project, Bonner County, Idaho Summary Bonneville Power...

79

delta. -nucleus interactions. CTP No. 887  

SciTech Connect

The theoretical description of pion-nucleus interactions, specifically in the intermediate-energy region dominated ..delta..-excitation, is discussed. Attention is focused on the interaction with and propagation through the nucleus of pions and ..delta..'s. The approach followed basically consists of viewing the ..delta..-nucleus system, formed by pion excitation of a nucleon, as a doorway for the pion-nucleus reaction. Analysis of the interacting ..delta..-nucleus system then leads to new dynamical information summarized in a complex ..delta..-nucleus interaction potential. The associated nuclear medium corrections to ..delta.. propagation, related in more conventional language to higher-order corrections in the pion optical potential, are so large as to demand consideration in quantitative studies of nuclear structure with pions. After a discussion of the basic scale parameters characterizing intermediate-energy pion-nucleus interactions, the author discusses the theoretical framework and the extraction of ..delta.. interaction parameters from inclusive pion-nucleus cross sections. More detailed tests of the picture, such as elastic scattering angular distributions, are then discussed. Finally, some implications for intermediate-energy photoreactions are outlined. 11 figures. (RWR)

Moniz, E.J.

1980-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Delta-nucleus dynamics: proceedings of symposium  

SciTech Connect

The appreciation of the role in nuclear physics of the first excited state of the nucleon, the delta ..delta..(1232), has grown rapidly in the past decade. The delta resonance dominates nuclear reactions induced by intermediate energy pions, nucleons, and electromagnetic probes. It is also the most important non-nucleonic degree of freedom needed to resolve many fundamental problems encountered in the study of low-energy nuclear phenomena. Clearly, a new phase of nuclear physics has emerged and conventional thinking must be extended to account for this new dimension of nuclear dynamics. The most challenging problem we are facing is how a unified theory can be developed to describe ..delta..-nucleus dynamics at all energies. In exploring this new direction, it is important to have direct discussions among researchers with different viewpoints. Separate entries were prepared for the 49 papers presented. (WHK)

Lee, T.S.H.; Geesaman, D.F.; Schiffer, J.P. (eds.)

1983-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mekong delta vietnam" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Delta Hedging Energy Portfolios: an Exploratory Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Delta hedging, although widely used in commodity markets, needs to be further adapted to electricity markets. Given the extreme volatility of electricity prices, even a portfolio whose market value is perfectly hedged may still yield large and potentially ...

Richard Goldberg; James Read; Art Altman; Remi Audouin

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Vietnam-Status and Potential for the Development of Biofuels and Rural  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Vietnam-Status and Potential for the Development of Biofuels and Rural Vietnam-Status and Potential for the Development of Biofuels and Rural Renewable Energy Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Vietnam-Status and Potential for the Development of Biofuels and Rural Renewable Energy Agency/Company /Organization: Asian Development Bank Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy, Biomass Topics: GHG inventory, Policies/deployment programs, Resource assessment Website: www.adb.org/Documents/Reports/Biofuels/biofuels-vie.pdf Country: Vietnam UN Region: South-Eastern Asia Coordinates: 14.058324°, 108.277199° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":14.058324,"lon":108.277199,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

83

Forestry and Poverty Data in Vietnam: Status, Gaps, and Potential Uses |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Forestry and Poverty Data in Vietnam: Status, Gaps, and Potential Uses Forestry and Poverty Data in Vietnam: Status, Gaps, and Potential Uses Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Forestry and Poverty Data in Vietnam: Status, Gaps, and Potential Uses Agency/Company /Organization: Regional Community Forestry Training Center for Asia and the Pacific Sector: Land Focus Area: Forestry Topics: Co-benefits assessment, Background analysis Resource Type: Dataset, Publications Website: recoftc.org/site/fileadmin/docs/publications/The_Grey_Zone/2009/Forest Country: Vietnam UN Region: South-Eastern Asia Coordinates: 14.058324°, 108.277199° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":14.058324,"lon":108.277199,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

84

Impacts of Climate Change on Agriculture and Adaptation in Vietnam | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Impacts of Climate Change on Agriculture and Adaptation in Vietnam Impacts of Climate Change on Agriculture and Adaptation in Vietnam Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Impacts of Climate Change on Agriculture and Adaptation in Vietnam Agency/Company /Organization: International Food Policy Research Institute Sector: Land Focus Area: Agriculture Topics: Adaptation, Background analysis, Co-benefits assessment Resource Type: Publications Website: www.ifpri.org/sites/default/files/publications/ifpridp01015.pdf Country: Vietnam UN Region: South-Eastern Asia Coordinates: 14.058324°, 108.277199° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":14.058324,"lon":108.277199,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

85

Forecast Advisory for the Late Fall Heavy Rainfall/Flood Event in Central Vietnam Developed from Diagnostic Analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The formations of heavy rainfall/flood (HRF) events in Vietnam are studied from diagnostic analyses of 31 events during the period 1979–2009. HRF events develop from the cold surge vortices formed around the Philippines. These vortices’ speed, ...

Tsing-Chang Chen; Ming-Cheng Yen; Jenq-Dar Tsay; Jordan Alpert; Nguyen Thi Tan Thanh

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Collaborative Effects of Cold Surge and Tropical Depression–Type Disturbance on Heavy Rainfall in Central Vietnam  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper reveals synoptic-scale atmospheric conditions over the South China Sea (SCS) that cause heavy rainfall in central Vietnam through case study and composite analyses. The heavy rainfall event discussed in this study occurred on 2–3 ...

Satoru Yokoi; Jun Matsumoto

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

A Modified Kain–Fritsch Scheme and Its Application for the Simulation of an Extreme Precipitation Event in Vietnam  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

From 24 to 26 November 2004, an extreme heavy rainfall event occurred in the mountainous provinces of central Vietnam, resulting in severe flooding along local rivers. The Regional Atmospheric Modeling System, version 4.4, is used to simulate ...

Nguyen Minh Truong; Tran Tan Tien; Roger A. Pielke Sr.; Christopher L. Castro; Giovanni Leoncini

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Behind "successful" land acquisition : a case study of the Van Quan new urban area project in Hanoi, Vietnam  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The transition to a market economy has sparked Vietnam's unprecedented urbanization and industrialization. In order to accommodate the spiraling land demand triggered by urban and economic growth, the Vietnamese government ...

Bui, Phuong Anh, M. C. P. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Delta Coherence Protocols: The Home Update Protocol  

SciTech Connect

We describe a new class of directory coherence protocols called delta coherence protocols that use network guarantees to support a new and highly concurrent approach to maintain a consistent shared memory. Delta coherence protocols are more concurrent than other coherence protocols in that they allow processes to pipeline memory accesses without violating sequential consistency; support multiple concurrent readers and writers to the same cache block; and allow processes to access multiple shared variables atomically without invalidating the copies held by other processes or otherwise obtaining exclusive access to the referenced variables. Delta protocols include both update and invalidate protocols. In this paper we describe the simplest, most basic delta protocol, an update protocol called the home update protocol. Delta protocols are based on isotach network guarantees. An isotach network maintains a logical time system that allows each process to predict and control the logical time at which its messages are received. Processes use isotach guarantees to control the logical time at which their requests on shared memory appear to be executed. We prove the home update protocol is correct using logical time to reason about the order in which requests are executed.

Williams, C.; Reynolds, P.F.; de Supinoki, B.

2000-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

90

The ecology of the Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta  

SciTech Connect

This report describes an ecosystem significantly different from other delta ecosystems in North America. The Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta is one of the 60 largest river deltas in the world and is the largest river delta on the west coast. As the hub of California's water system, the delta is of immense municipal, agricultural, and industrial importance. The amount of freshwater that flows through the delta controls the delta's productivity and regulates the life cycles of many of its organisms. The vast estuary of the Sacramento and San Joaquin Rivers is one of the most highly modified and intensively managed estuaries in the world. Biological processes in the delta are obscured by the temporal dynamics of the system. Many of the most significant alterations, such as leveeing, diking, and agricultural practices, are not now recognized as such by most citizens, making conservation and protection of the delta difficult. 308 refs., 43 figs., 11 tabs.

Herbold, B.; Moyle, P.B. (California Univ., Davis, CA (USA). Dept. of Wildlife and Fisheries Biology)

1989-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Delta Energy Group | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Delta Energy Group Delta Energy Group Address 21 Omega Drive, Delta Campus Place Brattleboro, Vermont Zip 05301 Sector Efficiency Year founded 2008 Number of employees 1-10 Phone number 802-251-7337 Website http://www.deltaenergygroup.co Coordinates 42.8509152°, -72.5578678° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42.8509152,"lon":-72.5578678,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

92

Delta Power Company LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Delta Power Company LLC Delta Power Company LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name Delta Power Company LLC Place Morristown, New Jersey Zip NJ 07960 Product Develops, acquires, finances, and manages independent power projects throughout the US. Coordinates 44.555834°, -72.621905° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":44.555834,"lon":-72.621905,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

93

Definition of the {delta} mass and width  

SciTech Connect

In the framework of effective field theory we show that, at two-loop order, the mass and width of the {delta} resonance defined via the (relativistic) Breit-Wigner parametrization both depend on the choice of field variables. In contrast, the complex-valued position of the pole of the propagator is independent of this choice.

Djukanovic, D.; Scherer, S. [Institut fuer Kernphysik, Johannes Gutenberg-Universitaet, D-55099 Mainz (Germany); Gegelia, J. [Institut fuer Kernphysik, Johannes Gutenberg-Universitaet, D-55099 Mainz (Germany); High Energy Physics Institute, Tbilisi State University, Tbilisi (Georgia)

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Isospin dependence of the. delta. -spreading potential  

SciTech Connect

The ratio of near-resonance inclusive ..pi../sup + -/ scattering cross sections from the isotopic pair /sup 16,18/O is shown to be consistent with an isospin dependence of the ..delta..-spreading potential determined by intermediate coupling to the pion absorption channel.

Karaoglu, B.; Karapiperis, T.; Moniz, E.J.

1980-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

A delta configured auxiliary resonant snubber inverter  

SciTech Connect

A delta ({Delta}) configured auxiliary resonant snubber inverter is developed to overcome the voltage floating problem in a wye (Y) configured resonant snubber inverter. The proposed inverter is to connect auxiliary resonant branches between phase outputs to avoid a floating point voltage which may cause over-voltage failure of the auxiliary switches. Each auxiliary branch consists of a resonant inductor and a reverse blocking auxiliary switch. Instead of using an anti-paralleled diode to allow resonant current to flow in the reverse direction, as in the Y-configured version, the resonant branch in the {Delta}-configured version must block the negative voltage, typically done by a series diode. This paper shows single-phase and three-phase versions of {Delta}-configured resonant snubber inverters and describes in detail the operating principle of a single-phase version. The extended three-phase version is proposed with non-adjacent state space vector modulation. For hardware implementation, a single-phase 1-kW unit and a three-phase 100-kW unit were built to prove the concept. Experimental results show the superiority of the proposed topology.

Lai, J.S.; Young, R.W.; Ott, G.W. Jr.; McKeever, J.W. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States). Engineering Technology Div.; Peng, F.Z. [Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States)]|[Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Nitrogen cycling in oxygen deficient zones : insights from [delta]¹?N and [delta]¹?O of nitrite and nitrate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The stable isotopes, [delta]¹?N and [delta]¹?O, of nitrite and nitrate can be powerful tools used to interpret nitrogen cycling in the ocean. They are particularly useful in regions of the ocean where there are multiple ...

Buchwald, Carolyn

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Delta, Utah: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Delta, Utah: Energy Resources Delta, Utah: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 39.3521777°, -112.57717° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":39.3521777,"lon":-112.57717,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

98

Delta Electric Power Assn | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Delta Electric Power Assn Delta Electric Power Assn Place Mississippi Utility Id 22815 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location SERC NERC SERC Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png 01 Farm and Residential Electric Service Residential 09 Residential Electric Service Water Heater Residential 10 All Electric Residential Service Residential 12 Small Commercial Service Commercial 13 Street Lighting High Pressure Sodium 100 Watt Lighting 13 Street Lighting High Pressure Sodium 400 Watt Lighting 13 Street Lighting Mercury Vapor 175 Watt enclosed Lighting

99

Doing Business In (Insert Country Name Here)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

the Mekong Delta. Market observers note much trial usage, little brand loyalty and huge price sensitivity for many consumer goods and household products. However, foreign products...

100

Delta Hedging Energy Portfolios: An Exploratory Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Delta hedging is widely used by risk managers in commodity markets because of its effectiveness and ease of use. The technique also is used in electricity markets but needs to be further adapted to account for their specificity. Given the extreme volatility of electricity prices, even a portfolio whose lifetime value is perfectly hedged may still yield large and potentially fatal cash-flow swings in the short term. Thus, risk managers must implement hedging strategies with multiple, if not contradictory,...

2005-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mekong delta vietnam" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

EIS-0479: North-of-the-Delta Offstream Storage Project, Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta, California  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The North-of-the-Delta Offstream Storage (NODOS) Investigation is a Feasibility Study being performed by the California Department of Water Resources and the Bureau of Reclamation, pursuant to the CALFED Bay-Delta Program Programmatic EIS/EIR Record of Decision. The NODOS Investigation is evaluating potential offstream surface water storage projects in the upper Sacramento River Basin that could improve water supply for agricultural, municipal, and industrial, and environmental uses. If the project is implemented, DOE’s Western Area Power Administration, a cooperating agency, could provide power to project facilities and could market hydropower generated by the project.

102

Having difficulty with Chinese? - the rise of the vernacular book in Japan, Korea and Vietnam  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-serving diplomat in Japan and Korea and a pioneering scholar of Japanese and Korean literature, a large collection of books which included a handful printed well before Gutenberg’s press began operating in the middle of the fifteenth century: one of them, a... to the nineteenth century then I am talking of China itself, of unified Korea, of Japan, of the Ry?ky? kingdom (which is now called Okinawa and is part of Japan), of a much enlarged Vietnam, and of Manchuria, the north- eastern part of China. For the sake...

Kornicki, Peter

2009-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

103

delta S = 2 nonleptonic hyperon decays  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A sensitive search for the rare decays \\Omega^- \\to \\Lambda \\pi^- and \\Xi^0 \\to p \\pi^- has been performed using data from the 1997 run of the HyperCP (Fermilab E871) experiment. Limits on other such processes do not exclude the possibility of observable rates for |\\Delta S| = 2 nonleptonic hyperon decays, provided the decays occur through parity-odd operators. We obtain the branching-fraction limits B(\\Omega^- \\to \\Lambda \\pi^-)< 2.9 x 10^{-6} and B(\\Xi^0 \\to p \\pi^-)< 8.2 x 10^{-6}, both at 90% confidence level.

C. G. White; R. A. Burnstein; A. Chakravorty; A. Chan; Y. C. Chen; W. S. Choong; K. Clark; E. C. Dukes; C. Durandet; J. Felix; G. Gidal; P. Gu; H. R. Gustafson; C. Ho; T. Holmstrom; M. Huang; C. James; C. M. Jenkins; D. M. Kaplan; L. M. Lederman; N. Leros; M. J. Longo; F. Lopez; L. C. Lu; W. Luebke; K. B. Luk; K. S. Nelson; H. K. Park; J. -P. Perroud; D. Rajaram; H. A. Rubin; P. K. Teng; J. Volk; S. L. White; P. Zyla

2005-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

104

delta S = 2 nonleptonic hyperon decays  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A sensitive search for the rare decays \\Omega^- \\to \\Lambda \\pi^- and \\Xi^0 \\to p \\pi^- has been performed using data from the 1997 run of the HyperCP (Fermilab E871) experiment. Limits on other such processes do not exclude the possibility of observable rates for |\\Delta S| = 2 nonleptonic hyperon decays, provided the decays occur through parity-odd operators. We obtain the branching-fraction limits B(\\Omega^- \\to \\Lambda \\pi^-)< 2.9 x 10^{-6} and B(\\Xi^0 \\to p \\pi^-)< 8.2 x 10^{-6}, both at 90% confidence level.

White, C G; Chakravorty, A; Chan, A; Chen, Y C; Choong, W S; Clark, K; Dukes, E C; Durandet, C; Félix, J; Gidal, G; Gu, P; Gustafson, H R; Ho, C; Holmstrom, T; Huang, M; James, C; Jenkins, C M; Kaplan, D M; Lederman, Leon Max; Leros, Nicolas; Longo, M J; López, F; Lu, L C; Luebke, W; Luk, K B; Nelson, K S; Park, H K; Perroud, Jean-Pierre; Rajaram, D; Rubin, H A; Teng, P K; Volk, J; White, S L; Zyla, P

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Sending the Right Bill to the Right People: Climate Change, Environmental Degradation, and Social Vulnerabilities in Central Vietnam  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In a range of international reports Vietnam is pointed out as among the 5 to 10 most climate-vulnerable countries, which are taking center stage in global climate change assistance and thus attracting huge amounts of foreign aid for research, ...

Ole Bruun

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

2020 Electric Car Exterior Design for Pearl River Delta Region.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Pearl River Delta (PRD) is one of the fastest economic development regions in China. The big cities in PRD attract a great many young high-educated… (more)

Zhu, H.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Pion-nucleon bremsstrahlung and. delta. electromagnetic moments  

SciTech Connect

A dynamically consistent, gauge invariant model for ..pi..N bremsstrahlung is developed. The ..pi..N dynamics are described through an isobar model fit to the experimental phase shifts. The charge and current operators are constructed in a gauge invariant fashion and include contributions from interaction currents at the ..pi..N..delta.. vertices and from the bare ..delta.. electromagnetic moments. The meaning of such moments for an unstable particle is discussed in detail. From a fit to the ..pi../sup +/p bremsstrahlung data, we extract a dipole moment for the bare ..delta../sup ++/ in the range ..mu../sub ..delta..//sub =//..mu../sub p/approx. =2.5 to 3.5; if the contributions from internal pion and nucleon currents are included, this ratio is somewhat smaller. The ..pi../sup -/p bremsstrahlung data are consistent with a broad range of values for ..mu../sub ..delta..//sub =/, including ..mu../sub ..delta..//sub =/ = 0. The ..delta.. quadrupole moment cannot be extracted meaningfully from the data. We discuss the sensitivity of the extracted values of ..mu../sub ..delta../ to the off-shell extension of the ..pi..N scattering amplitude. The polarization asymmetry is found to be sensitive to ..mu../sub ..delta../ while being less sensitive to off-shell scattering.

Heller, L.; Kumano, S.; Martinez, J.C.; Moniz, E.J.

1987-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Big Delta, Alaska: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Geographic Relationship Tables Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleBigDelta,Alaska&oldid227751" Categories: Places Stubs Cities What links here Related...

109

Synthesis of acid addition salt of delta-aminolevulinic acid ...  

A process of preparing an acid addition salt of delta-aminolevulinc acid comprising: a) dissolving a lower alkyl 5-bromolevulinate and hexamethylenetetramine in a ...

110

Substituted 3-hydroxy-delta-lactones from epoxides  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Catalysts and methods for the carbonylation of epoxides to substituted 3-hydroxy-.delta.-lactones and .beta.-lactones are disclosed.

Coates, Geoffrey W.; Kramer, John W.

2013-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

111

The [delta]f algorithm for beam dynamics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An algorithm is developed to study particle dynamics of beams including collective interaction with high accuracy and low noise. Particle dynamics with collective interactions is treated through particle simulation, where the main or average distribution f[sub 0] and the deviation away from it [delta]f are separately followed. The main distribution f[sub 0] is handled by an analytic equilibrium solution and the perturbation away from it [delta]f is followed by the method of characteristics. We call this the [delta]f algorithm. We specifically model a synchrotron collider which includes the collision section where collective effects of collisions are simulated by this [delta]f algorithm and the rest of the collider where single particle dynamics are treated by simple harmonic transport. The most important target of this simulation is to understand and predict the long-time behavior of the beam luminosity and lifetime. The [delta]f method allows the study the effect of small perturbations over long timescales on beam lifetime by eliminating the numerical noise problem inherent in Particle-in-Cell techniques. In the [delta]f code using the reference parameters of the SSC (Superconducting Super Collider), beam blow-up near resonances and oscillations in the tune shift, [Delta][nu], far from resonances are observed. In studying long timescale particle diffusion in the phase space of the beams away from resonances, the [delta]f code performance is compared with a tracking code which does not incorporate collective interaction.

Koga, J.; Tajima, T.

1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

The {delta}f algorithm for beam dynamics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An algorithm is developed to study particle dynamics of beams including collective interaction with high accuracy and low noise. Particle dynamics with collective interactions is treated through particle simulation, where the main or average distribution f{sub 0} and the deviation away from it {delta}f are separately followed. The main distribution f{sub 0} is handled by an analytic equilibrium solution and the perturbation away from it {delta}f is followed by the method of characteristics. We call this the {delta}f algorithm. We specifically model a synchrotron collider which includes the collision section where collective effects of collisions are simulated by this {delta}f algorithm and the rest of the collider where single particle dynamics are treated by simple harmonic transport. The most important target of this simulation is to understand and predict the long-time behavior of the beam luminosity and lifetime. The {delta}f method allows the study the effect of small perturbations over long timescales on beam lifetime by eliminating the numerical noise problem inherent in Particle-in-Cell techniques. In the {delta}f code using the reference parameters of the SSC (Superconducting Super Collider), beam blow-up near resonances and oscillations in the tune shift, {Delta}{nu}, far from resonances are observed. In studying long timescale particle diffusion in the phase space of the beams away from resonances, the {delta}f code performance is compared with a tracking code which does not incorporate collective interaction.

Koga, J.; Tajima, T.

1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Delta-sigma (??) frequency synthesizers for wireless applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes the state-of-the-art design approaches to delta-sigma (@D@S) frequency synthesizers for wireless transceiver applications. Various synthesizer architectures, including the integer and fractional-N synthesizers, and frequency-to-digital ... Keywords: Frequency synthesizers, Frequency-to-digital converters, RF transmitters, Sigma-delta modulation

Bertan Bakkaloglu; Sayfe Kiaei; Bikram Chaudhuri

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Method for dissolving delta-phase plutonium  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process for dissolving plutonium, and in particular, delta-phase plutonium. The process includes heating a mixture of nitric acid, hydroxylammonium nitrate and potassium fluoride (HAN) to a temperature between 40 and 70 C, then immersing the metal in the mixture. Preferably, the nitric acid has a concentration of not ore than 2M, the HAN approximately 0.66M, and the potassium fluoride 1M. Additionally, a small amount of sulfamic acid, such as 0.1M can be added to assure stability of the HAN in the presence of nitric acid. The oxide layer that forms on plutonium metal may be removed with a non-oxidizing acid as a pre-treatment step.

Karraker, D.G.

1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

115

Delta Montrose Electric Assn | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Electric Assn Electric Assn Jump to: navigation, search Name Delta Montrose Electric Assn Place Colorado Utility Id 5086 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location WECC NERC WECC Yes ISO Other Yes Activity Distribution Yes Alt Fuel Vehicle Yes Alt Fuel Vehicle2 Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png AGRICULTURE GENERAL FARM: Single-Phase Commercial AGRICULTURE GENERAL FARM: Three-Phase Commercial GENERAL MUNICIPAL SERVICE: Single-Phase Commercial GENERAL MUNICIPAL SERVICE: Three-Phase Commercial INDUSTRIAL-DISTRIBUTION VOLTAGE 12kV Industrial INDUSTRIAL-TRANSMISSION (46kV and 115kV) Industrial

116

Delta Solar Group Pte Ltd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Solar Group Pte Ltd Solar Group Pte Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name Delta Solar Group Pte Ltd Place Singapore Zip 169876 Sector Services, Solar Product Turnkey solar services provider. References Delta Solar Group Pte Ltd[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Delta Solar Group Pte Ltd is a company located in Singapore . References ↑ "Delta Solar Group Pte Ltd" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Delta_Solar_Group_Pte_Ltd&oldid=344149" Categories: Clean Energy Organizations Companies Organizations Stubs What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link Browse properties 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load)

117

Unstable particles, gauge invariance and the Delta^{++} resonance parameters  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The elastic and radiative pion(+)-proton scattering are studied in the framework of an effective Lagrangian model for the Delta^{++} resonance and its interactions. The finite width effects of this spin-3/2 resonance are introduced in the scattering amplitudes through a complex mass scheme to respect electromagnetic gauge invariance. The resonant pole (Delta^{++}) and background contributions (rho^0, sigma, Delta and neutron states) are separated according to the principles of the analytic S-matrix theory. The mass and width parameters of the \\Delta^{++} obtained from a fit to experimental data on the total cross section are in agreement with the results of a model-independent analysis based on the analytic S-matrix approach. The magnetic dipole moment determined from the radiative pion-proton scattering is mu_Delta^{++}=(6.14 +/- 0.51) nuclear magnetons.

G. Lopez Castro; A. Mariano

2003-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

118

The Limits of Fire Support: American Finances and Firepower Restraint during the Vietnam War  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Excessive unobserved firepower expenditures by Allied forces during the Vietnam War defied the traditional counterinsurgency principle that population protection should be valued more than destruction of the enemy. Many historians have pointed to this discontinuity in their arguments, but none have examined the available firepower records in detail. This study compiles and analyzes available, artillery-related U.S. and Allied archival records to test historical assertions about the balance between conventional and counterinsurgent military strategy as it changed over time. It finds that, between 1965 and 1970, the commanders of the U.S. Military Assistance Command, Vietnam (MACV), Generals William Westmoreland and Creighton Abrams, shared significant continuity of strategic and tactical thought. Both commanders tolerated U.S. Army, Marine Corps, and Allied unobserved firepower at levels inappropriate for counterinsurgency and both reduced Army harassment and interdiction fire (H&I) as a response to increasing budgetary pressure. Before 1968, the Army expended nearly 40 percent of artillery ammunition as H&I – a form of unobserved fire that sought merely to hinder enemy movement and to lower enemy morale, rather than to inflict any appreciable enemy casualties. To save money, Westmoreland reduced H&I, or “interdiction” after a semantic name change in February 1968, to just over 29 percent of ammunition expended in July 1968, the first full month of Abrams’ command. Abrams likewise pursued dollar savings with his “Five-by-Five Plan” of August 1968 that reduced Army artillery interdiction expenditures to nearly ten percent of ammunition by January 1969. Yet Abrams allowed Army interdiction to stabilize near this level until early 1970, when recurring financial pressure prompted him to virtually eliminate the practice. Meanwhile, Marines fired H&I at historically high rates into the final months of 1970 and Australian “Harassing Fire” surpassed Army and Marine Corps totals during the same period. South Vietnamese artillery also fired high rates of H&I, but Filipino and Thai artillery eschewed H&I in quiet areas of operation and Republic of Korea [ROK] forces abandoned H&I in late 1968 as a direct response to MACV’s budgetary pressure. Financial pressure, rather than strategic change, drove MACV’s unobserved firepower reductions during the Vietnam War.

Hawkins, John Michael

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Multi-level hardware prefetching using low complexity delta correlating prediction tables with partial matching  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a low complexity table-based approach to delta correlation prefetching. Our approach uses a table indexed by the load address which stores the latest deltas observed. By storing deltas rather than full miss addresses, considerable ...

Marius Grannaes; Magnus Jahre; Lasse Natvig

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

NNSA Small Business Week 2011: Delta Research Associates supports NNSA  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

1: Delta Research Associates supports NNSA 1: Delta Research Associates supports NNSA Human Resource offices | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Home > NNSA Blog > NNSA Small Business Week 2011: Delta Research ... NNSA Small Business Week 2011: Delta Research Associates supports NNSA Human Resource offices Posted By Office of Public Affairs

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mekong delta vietnam" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

ARM - Campaign Instrument - pyran-delta-spn1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

delta-spn1 delta-spn1 Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign Instrument : Delta-T Sunshine Pyranometer- SPN1 (PYRAN-DELTA-SPN1) Instrument Categories Radiometric Campaigns Diffuse Shortwave IOP [ Download Data ] Southern Great Plains, 2001.09.24 - 2001.10.22 Surface Observation in Support of in-situ Observations within the Arctic Boundary Layer [ Download Data ] North Slope Alaska, 2008.04.01 - 2008.05.31 Primary Measurements Taken The following measurements are those considered scientifically relevant. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers for the list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. Shortwave broadband total downwelling irradiance

122

A Statistical Approach for DeltaQ Modeling Concerning Building...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A Statistical Approach for DeltaQ Modeling Concerning Building Envelope and HVAC Duct Leakage Behavior Prediction Speaker(s): Alexander Dimitrov Date: March 22, 2006 - 12:00pm...

123

Using Science to Restore California's Bay-Delta  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Institute of Technology. 62 p. Weinberg A. 1972. Science andtrans- science. Minerva 10:209–222. Weiser M. 2013. Federal2013/05/12/5411951/if-bdcp-were-science- based-delta.html

Layzer, Judith A.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Water supply analysis for restoring the Colorado River Delta, Mexico  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1091-1109. Banco de México. (2006). "Indices de Precios alColorado River Delta in Mexico." Cohen, M. J. (2006). "TheEstadísticas del Agua en México 2004." Comisión Nacional del

Medellin-Azuara, Josue; Lund, Jay R.; Howitt, Richard E.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Delta-Montrose Electric Association - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Residential Energy Efficiency Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program Delta-Montrose Electric Association - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Appliances & Electronics Heat Pumps Water Heating Program Info State Colorado Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Dishwasher: $30 Clothes Washer: $40 Refrigerator/Freezer: $40 Refrigerator/Freezer Recycling: $60 Water Heaters: $150; additional $25 for the installation of a timer Heat Pumps: $150/ton; plus additional $100 - $150 for Energy Star qualified systems Split System Air Conditioner: $150; plus additional $100 - $150 for Energy Star qualified systems Provider Delta-Montrose Electric Association Delta-Montrose Electric Association (DMEA) offers a variety of rebates for

126

A New Diagnostic for Duct Leakage: DeltaQ  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A New Diagnostic for Duct Leakage: DeltaQ A New Diagnostic for Duct Leakage: DeltaQ Speaker(s): Iain Walker Date: February 21, 2002 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Cynthia Tast Duct leakage has been identified as a major contributor to HVAC energy use and building infiltration, particularly in residences. In order to make good estimates of HVAC system energy performance, we need to know how much air leaks between the ducts and outside the building during system operation. Existing methods for determining duct leakage do not perform well due to experimental procedures that produce imprecise results or they require many assumptions to convert measurements into the desired leakage flows. The DeltaQ duct leakage test has been developed by the Energy Performance of Buildings Group at LBNL to determine duct leakage flows by

127

Alger-Delta Coop Electric Assn | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Alger-Delta Coop Electric Assn Alger-Delta Coop Electric Assn Jump to: navigation, search Name Alger-Delta Coop Electric Assn Place Michigan Utility Id 305 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location MRO NERC MRO Yes ISO MISO Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png SChedule SL- 150 Watt HPS Lighting Schedule A- Farm & Home Residential Schedule AS- Seasonal Residential Residential Schedule B- Commercial & Small Power Commercial Schedule DD- 100 Watt HPS Lighting Schedule DD- 150 Watt HPS Lighting Schedule DD- 250 Watt MV Lighting Schedule DD-175 Watt MV Lighting

128

Lepton Mixing Predictions from Delta(6n^2) Family Symmetry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We obtain predictions of lepton mixing parameters for direct models based on Delta(6n^2) family symmetry groups for arbitrarily large n in which the full Klein symmetry is identified as a subgroup of the family symmetry. After reviewing and developing the group theory associated with Delta(6n^2), we find many new candidates for large n able to yield reactor angle predictions within 3 sigma of recent global fits. We show that such Delta(6n^2) models with Majorana neutrinos predict trimaximal mixing with reactor angle theta_{13} fixed up to a discrete choice, an oscillation phase of either zero or pi and the atmospheric angle sum rules theta_{23}=45 degrees -/+ theta_{13}/sqrt{2}, respectively, which are consistent with recent global fits and will be tested in the near future.

King, Stephen F; Stuart, Alexander J

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Lepton Mixing Predictions from Delta(6n^2) Family Symmetry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We obtain predictions of lepton mixing parameters for direct models based on Delta(6n^2) family symmetry groups for arbitrarily large n in which the full Klein symmetry is identified as a subgroup of the family symmetry. After reviewing and developing the group theory associated with Delta(6n^2), we find many new candidates for large n able to yield reactor angle predictions within 3 sigma of recent global fits. We show that such Delta(6n^2) models with Majorana neutrinos predict trimaximal mixing with reactor angle theta_{13} fixed up to a discrete choice, an oscillation phase of either zero or pi and the atmospheric angle sum rules theta_{23}=45 degrees -/+ theta_{13}/sqrt{2}, respectively, which are consistent with recent global fits and will be tested in the near future.

Stephen F. King; Thomas Neder; Alexander J. Stuart

2013-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

130

Dynamical instabilities of warm npe matter: {delta} meson effects  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The effects of {delta} mesons on the dynamical instabilities of cold and warm nuclear and stellar matter at subsaturation densities are studied in the framework of relativistic mean-field hadron models (NL3, NL{rho}, and NL{rho}{delta}) with the inclusion of the electromagnetic field. The distillation effect and the spinodals for all the models considered are discussed. The crust-core transition density and pressure are obtained as a function of temperature for {beta}-equilibrium matter with and without neutrino trapping. An estimation of the size of the clusters formed in the nonhomogeneous phase and the corresponding growth rates are made. It is shown that cluster sizes increase with temperature. The effects of the {delta} meson on the instability region are larger for low temperatures, very asymmetric matter, and densities close to the spinodal surface. It increases the distillation effect above {approx}0.4{rho}{sub 0} and has the opposite effect below that density.

Pais, Helena; Santos, Alexandre; Providencia, Constanca [Centro de Fisica Computacional, Department of Physics, University of Coimbra, 3004-516 Coimbra (Portugal)

2009-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

131

Gauge symmetric delta(1232) couplings and the radiative muon capture in hydrogen  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using the difference between the gauge symmetric and standard pi-N-delta couplings, a contact pi-pi-N-N term, quadratic in the pi-N-delta coupling, is explicitly constructed. Besides, a contribution from the delta excitation mechanism to the photon spectrum for the radiative muon capture in hydrogen is derived from the gauge symmetric pi-N-delta and gamma-N-delta couplings. It is shown for the photon spectrum, studied recently experimentally, that the new spectrum is for the photon momentums k > 60 MeV by 4-10 % smaller than the one obtained from standardly used couplings with the on-shell deltas.

J. Smejkal; E. Truhlik

2004-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

132

$\\Delta$-scaling and heat capacity in relativistic ion collisions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The $\\Delta$-scaling method and the multiplicity information entropy has been applied to the relativistic collisions of p+p, C+C and Pb+Pb which were simulated by a Monte Carlo package, LUCIAE 3.0. In addition, the heat capacities of different mesons and baryons have been extracted from event-by-event temperature fluctuation.

Ma, Y G; Cai, X Z; Chen, J G; Chen, J H; Fang, D Q; Guo, W; He, Z J; Huang, H Z; Long, J L; Ma, C W; Sá Ben-Hao; Shen, W Q; Su, Q M; Wang, K; Wei, Y B; Yan, T Z; Zhong, C; Zuo, J X

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Minimising the delta test for variable selection in regression problems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The problem of selecting an adequate set of variables from a given data set of a sampled function becomes crucial by the time of designing the model that will approximate it. Several approaches have been presented in the literature although recent studies ... Keywords: FBS, GAs, delta test, forward-backward search, genetic algorithms, hybrid algorithms, parallel architectures, regression problems, tabu search, variable selection

Alberto Guillen; Dusan Sovilj; Amaury Lendasse; Fernando Mateo; Ignacio Rojas

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Recursive modelling in dynamics of delta parallel robot  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recursive matrix relations in kinematics and dynamics of a Delta parallel robot having three revolute actuators are established in this paper. The prototype of the manipulator is a three degrees-of-freedom space mechanism, which consists of a system ... Keywords: Dynamics modelling, Kinematics, Parallel mechanism, Virtual work

Stefan Staicu

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Delta Energy & Environment Ltd Registered in Scotland: No SC259964  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy & Environment Scene setting: Challenges for heat pumps penetrating the gas grid Europe: 770k HPs Stuart Street, Edinburgh, EH3 7TS Heat Pumps in the Building Sector: Hybrid Heat Pumps opening UK DECC IEA Heat Pump Workshop 13th November 2012 Contact: lindsay.sugden@delta-ee.com, +44(0)131 625 1006

Oak Ridge National Laboratory

136

A Grand Delta(96) x SU(5) Flavour Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recent results from the Daya Bay and RENO reactor experiments have measured the smallest lepton mixing angle and found it to have a value of theta_13 approximately 9 degrees. This result presents a new challenge for the existing paradigms of discrete flavour symmetries which attempt to describe all quark and lepton masses and mixing angles. Here we propose a Supersymmetric Grand Unified Theory of Flavour based on Delta(96) x SU(5), together with a U(1) x Z3 symmetry, including a full discussion of Delta(96) in a convenient basis. The Grand Delta(96) x SU(5) Flavour Model relates the quark mixing angles and masses in the form of the Gatto-Sartori-Tonin relation and realises the Georgi-Jarlskog mass relations between the charged leptons and down-type quarks. We predict a Bi-trimaximal (not Tri-bimaximal) form of neutrino mixing matrix, which, after including charged lepton corrections with zero phase, leads to the following GUT scale predictions for the atmospheric, solar, and reactor mixing angles: theta_23=36.9 degrees, theta_12=32.7 degrees and theta_13=9.6 degrees, in good agreement with recent global fits, and a zero Dirac CP phase delta~0.

Stephen F. King; Christoph Luhn; Alexander J. Stuart

2012-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

137

Weighted median filters with sigma-delta modulation encoding  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Digital decimation filters play a fundamental role in oversampled sigma-delta A/D decoders. In this paper, we first show that weighted median (WM) filtering of a demodulated sequence (at the Nyquist rate) can be implemented concurrently in the A/D decoder. ...

G.R. Arce; N.A. Grabowski; N.C. Gallagher

2000-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Organizational Legitimacy of Multinational Enterprises in the Pearl River Delta  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Currently, more and more Multinational Enterprises (MNEs) conduct foreign direct investments (FDI) in Pearl River Delta (PRD). This study is designed to research empirically organizational legitimacy typology of MNEs as compared with that of domestic ... Keywords: organizational legitimacy, Multinational Enterprises, telephone survey

Xu Fenglu

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

MHK Technologies/DeltaStream | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Technologies Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage DeltaStream.jpg Technology Profile Primary Organization Tidal Energy Ltd Project(s) where this technology is utilized *MHK Projects/DeltaStream *MHK Projects/DeltaStream Pembrokeshire Technology Resource Click here Current/Tidal Technology Type Click here Axial Flow Turbine Technology Readiness Level Click here TRL 1-3: Discovery / Concept Definition / Early Stage Development & Design & Engineering Technology Description The DeltaStream device is a nominal 1 2MW unit which sits on the seabed without the need for a positive anchoring system generating electricity from three separate horizontal axis turbines mounted on a common frame The use of three turbines on a single circa 30m wide triangular frame produces a low center of gravity enabling the device to satisfy its structural stability requirements including the avoidance of overturning and sliding The device utilizes fixed pitch blades designed to maximize the energy extracted from the tidal flow distribution at the deployment site A mechanical yaw system allows the nacelles to oscillate by a control system which is programmed to seek the optimum flow The rotors extract the energy from the water flow at an elevation of between approximately 5 20m above the seabed assuming a 15m rotor diameter

140

N and N to Delta transition form factors from Lattice QCD  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present recent lattice QCD results on nucleon form factors and N to Delta transition form factors. We predict the parity violating asymmetry in N to Delta and check the off-diagonal Goldberger-Treiman relation.

C. Alexandrou

2006-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mekong delta vietnam" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Enthalpy of gamma-delta Transition in Ternary U-Pu-Zr Fuel Alloys  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Enthalpy of gamma-delta Transition in Ternary U-Pu-Zr Fuel ... that the activities of Pu and Zr in the delta phase may be self-compensating.

142

High active carrier concentration in n-type, thin film Ge using delta-doping  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We demonstrate CVD in situ doping of Ge by utilizing phosphorus delta-doping for the creation of a high dopant diffusion source. Multiple monolayer delta doping creates source phosphorous concentrations above 1 × 10[superscript ...

Cai, Yan

143

Development of a New Duct leakage Test: Delta Q  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Development of a New Duct leakage Test: Delta Q Development of a New Duct leakage Test: Delta Q Title Development of a New Duct leakage Test: Delta Q Publication Type Report LBNL Report Number LBNL-47308 Year of Publication 2001 Authors Walker, Iain S., Max H. Sherman, J. Wempen, Duo Wang, Jennifer A. McWilliams, and Darryl J. Dickerhoff Abstract Several studies (Francisco and Palmiter 1997 and 1999, Andrews et al. 1998, and Siegel et al. 2001) have shown that the duct system efficiency cannot be reliably determined without good estimates of duct leakage. Specifically, for energy calculations, it is the duct leakage air flow to outside at operating conditions that is required. Existing test methods either precisely measure the size of leaks (but not the flow through them at operating conditions), or measure these flows with insufficient accuracy. The DeltaQ duct leakage test method was developed to provide improved estimates of duct leakage during system operation. In this study we developed the analytical calculation methods and the test procedures used in the DeltaQ test. As part of the development process, we have estimated uncertainties in the test method (both analytically and based on field data) and designed automated test procedures to increase accuracy and reduce the contributions of operator errors in performing field tests. In addition, the test has been evaluated in over 100 houses by several research teams to show that it can be used in a wide range of houses and to aid in finding limits or problems in field applications. The test procedure is currently being considered by ASTM as an update of an existing duct leakage standard

144

Reducing Uncertainty for the DeltaQ Duct Leakage Test  

SciTech Connect

The thermal distribution system couples the HVAC components to the building envelope, and shares many properties of the buildings envelope including moisture, conduction and most especially air leakage performance. Duct leakage has a strong influence on air flow rates through building envelopes (usually resulting in much greater flows than those due to natural infiltration) because unbalanced duct air flows and leaks result in building pressurization and depressurization. As a tool to estimate this effect, the DeltaQ duct leakage test has been developed over the past several years as an improvement to existing duct pressurization tests. It focuses on measuring the air leakage flows to outside at operating conditions that are required for envelope infiltration impacts and energy loss calculations for duct systems. The DeltaQ test builds on the standard envelope tightness blower door measurement techniques by repeating the tests with the system air handler off and on. The DeltaQ test requires several assumptions to be made about duct leakage and its interaction with the duct system and building envelope in order to convert the blower door results into duct leakage at system operating conditions. This study examined improvements to the DeltaQ test that account for some of these assumptions using a duct system and building envelope in a test laboratory. The laboratory measurements used a purpose-built test chamber coupled to a duct system typical of forced air systems in US homes. Special duct leaks with controlled air-flow were designed and installed into an airtight duct system. This test apparatus allowed the systematic variation of the duct and envelope leakage and accurate measurement of the duct leakage flows for comparison to DeltaQ test results. This paper will discuss the laboratory test apparatus design, construction and operation, the various analysis techniques applied to the calculation procedure and present estimates of uncertainty in measured duct leakage.

Walker, Iain S.; Sherman, Max H.; Dickerhoff, Darryl J.

2004-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Delta M(s) in the MSSM with large tan beta  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Bs-Bsbar mixing parameter Delta Ms is studied in the MSSM with large tan beta. The recent Tevatron measurement of Delta Ms is used to constrain the MSSM parameter space. From this analysis the often neglected contribution to Delta Ms from the operator Q^SLL is found to be significant.

Parry, J K

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Effective sea-level rise and deltas: Causes of change and human dimension implications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

deltas are the site of significant oil and gas accumulations and extraction as in the Niger, Magdalena rates of wetland loss resulting from ESLR are as high as 100 km2 /yr in the delta. Day et al., 2000 construction on the Volta River. Subsidence in the delta is attributed to the extraction of oil, which provides

New Hampshire, University of

147

Current and Long-Term Effects of Delta Water Quality on Drinking Water Treatment Costs from Disinfection Byproduct Formation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

current Delta water Plant and Intake Location System Size (future water quality conditions at different Delta intakesusing the intake with the better water quality between Old

Chen, Wei-Hsiang; Haunschild, Kristine; Lund, Jay R.; Fleenor, William E.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

MHK Projects/DeltaStream Pembrokeshire | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

DeltaStream Pembrokeshire DeltaStream Pembrokeshire < MHK Projects Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"500px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"File:Aquamarine-marker.png","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":51.8757,"lon":-4.93919,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"http:\/\/prod-http-80-800498448.us-east-1.elb.amazonaws.com\/w\/images\/7\/74\/Aquamarine-marker.png","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

149

Usina Geradora Delta Eolica Ltda | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Usina Geradora Delta Eolica Ltda Usina Geradora Delta Eolica Ltda Place Fortaleza, Ceara, Brazil Sector Wind energy Product Brazil-based wind project developer. Coordinates -3.718404°, -38.542924° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":-3.718404,"lon":-38.542924,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

150

MHK Projects/DeltaStream | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

DeltaStream DeltaStream < MHK Projects Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"500px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"File:Aquamarine-marker.png","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":51.8757,"lon":-4.93919,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"http:\/\/prod-http-80-800498448.us-east-1.elb.amazonaws.com\/w\/images\/7\/74\/Aquamarine-marker.png","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

151

Defect Based Spin Mediation in Delta-Phase Plutonium  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We earlier reported the measured decrease of electrical resistivity during isochronal-annealing of ion irradiation damage that was accumulated at low-temperature (10 or 20K), and the temperature dependence of the resistance of defect-populations produced by low-temperature damage-accumulation and annealing in a stabilized {delta}-phase plutonium alloy, Pu(3.3 at%Ga)[1]. We noted that the temperature dependence of the resistance of defects resulting from low-temperature damage accumulation and subsequent annealing exhibits a -ln(T) temperature dependence suggestive of a Kondo impurity. A discussion of a possible ''structure-property'' effect, as it might relate to the nature of the {delta}-phase of Pu, is presented.

Fluss, M J; Wirth, B D; Wall, M; Felter, T E; Caturla, M J; Kubota, A; Diaz de la Rubia, T

2003-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

152

City of Delta, Colorado (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Delta Delta Place Colorado Utility Id 5036 Utility Location Yes Ownership M NERC Location WECC NERC WECC Yes Operates Generating Plant Yes Activity Generation Yes Activity Buying Transmission Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Greater than 50 KVA of Installed Transformer Capacity Industrial Residential Residential Security and Yard Lights Lighting Single Phase Less Than 50 KVA of Installed Transformer Capacity Commercial Street Lighting, Traffic Lighting, City Power Lighting Three Phase Less Than 50 KVA of Installed Transformer Capacity Commercial

153

EIS-0479: North-of-the-Delta Offstream Storage Project, Sacramento-San  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

9: North-of-the-Delta Offstream Storage Project, 9: North-of-the-Delta Offstream Storage Project, Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta, California EIS-0479: North-of-the-Delta Offstream Storage Project, Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta, California SUMMARY The North-of-the-Delta Offstream Storage (NODOS) Investigation is a Feasibility Study being performed by the California Department of Water Resources and the Bureau of Reclamation, pursuant to the CALFED Bay-Delta Program Programmatic EIS/EIR Record of Decision. The NODOS Investigation is evaluating potential offstream surface water storage projects in the upper Sacramento River Basin that could improve water supply for agricultural, municipal, and industrial, and environmental uses. If the project is implemented, DOE's Western Area Power Administration, a cooperating

154

A Grand Delta(96) x SU(5) Flavour Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recent results from the Daya Bay and RENO reactor experiments have measured the smallest lepton mixing angle and found it to have a value of theta_13 approximately 9 degrees. This result presents a new challenge for the existing paradigms of discrete flavour symmetries which attempt to describe all quark and lepton masses and mixing angles. Here we propose a Supersymmetric Grand Unified Theory of Flavour based on Delta(96) x SU(5), together with a U(1) x Z3 symmetry, including a full discussion of Delta(96) in a convenient basis. The Grand Delta(96) x SU(5) Flavour Model relates the quark mixing angles and masses in the form of the Gatto-Sartori-Tonin relation and realises the Georgi-Jarlskog mass relations between the charged leptons and down-type quarks. We predict a Bi-trimaximal (not Tri-bimaximal) form of neutrino mixing matrix, which, after including charged lepton corrections with zero phase, leads to the following GUT scale predictions for the atmospheric, solar, and reactor mixing angles: theta_23=36...

King, Stephen F; Stuart, Alexander J

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Neutral Pion Electroproduction in the Delta Resonance Region  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The electroproduction of baryon resonances at high Q2 is examined. Analysis focuses on the Delta(1232) resonance via exclusive pseudoscalar meson production of À0 particles. Differential cross sections are extracted for exclusive À0 electroproduction. In the central invariant mass (W) region the cross sections are used to extract resonant multipole amplitudes. In particular, the ratio of the electric quadrupole to magnetic dipole amplitudes (E2/M1) will be discussed for the Delta(1232) resonance. The transition to pQCD is discussed in terms of E2/M1 and other multipoles. The helicity amplitude A3/2 can be used as a baryon helicity conservation meter in this context and will be discussed. The fast shrinking of the resonant contribution in the Delta region is observed at this high momentum transfer. Apart from the observables related to pQCD scaling, the transition form factor G#23;M is extracted along with the scalar to magnetic dipole ratio C2/M1.

Anthony Villano

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Sandy River Delta Habitat Restoration Project, Annual Report 2001.  

SciTech Connect

The Sandy River Delta is located at the confluence of the Sandy and Columbia Rivers, just east of Troutdale, Oregon. It comprises about 1,400 land acres north of Interstate 84, managed by the USDA Forest Service, and associated river banks managed by the Oregon Division of State Lands. Three islands, Gary, Flag and Catham, managed by Metro Greenspaces and the State of Oregon lie to the east, the Columbia River lies to the north and east, and the urbanized Portland metropolitan area lies to the west across the Sandy River. Sandy River Delta was historically a wooded, riparian wetland with components of ponds, sloughs, bottomland woodland, oak woodland, prairie, and low and high elevation floodplain. It has been greatly altered by past agricultural practices and the Columbia River hydropower system. Restoration of historic landscape components is a primary goal for this land. The Forest Service is currently focusing on restoration of riparian forest and wetlands. Restoration of open upland areas (meadow/prairie) would follow substantial completion of the riparian and wetland restoration. The Sandy River Delta is a former pasture infested with reed canary grass, blackberry and thistle. The limited over story is native riparian species such as cottonwood and ash. The shrub and herbaceous layers are almost entirely non-native, invasive species. Native species have a difficult time naturally regenerating in the thick, competing reed canary grass, Himalayan blackberry and thistle. A system of drainage ditches installed by past owners drains water from historic wetlands. The original channel of the Sandy River was diked in the 1930's, and the river diverted into the ''Little Sandy River''. The original Sandy River channel has subsequently filled in and largely become a slough. The FS acquired approximately 1,400 acres Sandy River Delta (SRD) in 1991 from Reynolds Aluminum (via the Trust for Public Lands). The Delta had been grazed for many years but shortly after FS acquisition grazing was terminated while a master plan and Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) were developed for the site. During the following three years, the vegetation changed dramatically as a result of cessation of grazing. The dramatic changes included the explosive increases of reed canary grass monocultures in wet areas and the expansion of Himalayan blackberries throughout the site.

Kelly, Virginia; Dobson, Robin L.

2002-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

A Case Study of NGO-Government Collaboration in Vietnam: Partnership Dynamics Explained through Contexts, Incentives, and Barriers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Collaboration between international NGOs (INGOs) and governmental organizations (GOs) have contributed significantly to the goals of poverty alleviation and agricultural development in developing countries. Much of the literatures on NGO-GO partnerships have explored theoretically or empirically what motivate and hinder cross-sector collaboration. But not many have studied cross-sector collaboration from both analytical and descriptive perspectives. This study filled in this gap by drawing from previous studies a conceptual framework through which contexts, incentives, and barriers that influence INGO-GO partnerships were described and explained. The researcher adopted a qualitative case-study method with emergent design. Personal interviews were conducted with 20 key informants, including eight Vietnamese staff from one INGO and 12 government officials from six GOs who partnered with the INGO. All participating organizations were institutions serving agricultural and rural development in the south of Vietnam. The data were collected in 2010 and analyzed using the software package ATLAS.ti. The results showed four categories that interact to form a framework of a dynamic continuum of partnership development. The four categories included conditioning factors, incentives, barriers, and feedback loop. The categories held the following themes: 1) socio-political contexts and organizational natures for conditioning factors, 2) shared missions, resource mobilization, capacity building, and networking for incentives, 3) ideological conflicts, structural constraints, and operational hurdles for barriers, and 4) reflections and recommendations for feedback loop. The study contributed a theoretical- and empirical-based perspective on INGO-GO partnerships in post-reform countries. It provided a framework that comprehensively describes and explains partnership dynamics. The study also shared knowledge of the intricacies of INGO-GO partnerships in rural Vietnam. For institutions serving agricultural and rural development, the study could assist in strategic management to minimize constraints and maximize opportunities in collaborative environments.

Nguyen, Anh Thuc

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Engineering shallow spins in diamond with nitrogen delta-doping  

SciTech Connect

We demonstrate nanometer-precision depth control of nitrogen-vacancy (NV) center creation near the surface of synthetic diamond using an in situ nitrogen delta-doping technique during plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition. Despite their proximity to the surface, doped NV centers with depths (d) ranging from 5 to 100 nm display long spin coherence times, T{sub 2} > 100 {mu}s at d = 5 nm and T{sub 2} > 600 {mu}s at d {>=} 50 nm. The consistently long spin coherence observed in such shallow NV centers enables applications such as atomic-scale external spin sensing and hybrid quantum architectures.

Ohno, Kenichi; Joseph Heremans, F.; Bassett, Lee C.; Myers, Bryan A.; Toyli, David M.; Bleszynski Jayich, Ania C.; Palmstrom, Christopher J.; Awschalom, David D. [Center for Spintronics and Quantum Computation, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106 (United States)

2012-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

159

Comment on Pion-nucleon bremsstrahlung and. Delta. electromagnetic moments''  

SciTech Connect

We analyze the definition of the electromagnetic moments of the dressed'' {Delta} introduced by Heller, Kumano, Martinez, and Moniz with respect to gauge invariance.

Weyrauch, M. (Department of Physics and Mathematical Physics, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia 5001 (AU))

1989-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Subsidence, sea level rise, and seismicity in the Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Resources. 1989. Delta subsidence investigation progressreversing the effects of subsidence in the Sacramento-SanC. 2004. Levee integrity and subsidence: tied at the hip for

Mount, Jeffrey; Twiss, Robert

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mekong delta vietnam" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Delta Subsidence Reversal, Levee Failure, and Aquatic Habitat—A Cautionary Tale  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

recent, and future subsidence, Sacramento—San Joaquin Delta,SJ, Rojstaczer S. 1996. Subsidence of agricultural lands invertical accretion, and subsidence at three Louisiana

Bates, Matthew E.; Lund, Jay R.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Delta Air Lines plans to increase jet fuel yield at Trainer ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Last year a few refineries had jet fuel yields in the range that Delta has planned for Trainer, but only for a few months of the year.

163

Oil enclave economy and sexual liaisons in Nigeria's Niger Delta region.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis examines the intersection of oil enclave economy and the phenomenon of sexual liaisons in Nigeria’s Niger Delta region. The particular focus of this… (more)

Gandu, Yohanna Kagoro

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Linking nitrogen biogeochemistry to different stages of wetland soil development in the Mississippi River delta, Louisiana.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Extensive wetland loss and nutrient-enhanced eutrophication occur across the Mississippi River delta and include newly emergent landscapes, in the early stages of ecological succession, and… (more)

Henry, Kelly Marie

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Delta Subsidence Reversal, Levee Failure, and Aquatic Habitat—A Cautionary Tale  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for subsidence- reversal projections, and illustrate some1. Together, these projections estimate the probabilityDISCUSSION Delta Flooding Projections and Simulations The

Bates, Matthew E.; Lund, Jay R.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Framework and Evolution of a Transgressed Delta Lobe: St. Bernard Shoals, Northern Gulf of Mexico, USA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Framework and Evolution of a Transgressed Delta Lobe: St. Bernard Shoals, Northern Gulf of Mexico.......................................................................................7 Quaternary Sea-Level for the Northern Gulf of Mexico

Kulp, Mark

167

Studies of urban aerosols in the Pearl River Delta Region using lidar.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??In the Pearl River Delta (PRD) Region of China, three Lidar systems have been employed for monitoring aerosol distribution: a mobile micro-pulse Lidar of City… (more)

Chan, Lai Man Raymond (???)

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Development of a new duct leakage test: DeltaQ  

SciTech Connect

Duct leakage is a key factor in determining energy losses from forced air heating and cooling systems. Several studies (Francisco and Palmiter 1997 and 1999, Andrews et al. 1998, and Siegel et al. 2001) have shown that the duct system efficiency cannot be reliably determined without good estimates of duct leakage. Specifically, for energy calculations, it is the duct leakage air flow to outside at operating conditions that is required. Existing test methods either precisely measure the size of leaks (but not the flow through them at operating conditions), or measure these flows with insufficient accuracy. The DeltaQ duct leakage test method was developed to provide improved estimates of duct leakage during system operation. In this study we developed the analytical calculation methods and the test procedures used in the DeltaQ test. As part of the development process, we have estimated uncertainties in the test method (both analytically and based on field data) and designed automated test procedures to increase accuracy and reduce the contributions of operator errors in performing field tests. In addition, the test has been evaluated in over 100 houses by several research teams to show that it can be used in a wide range of houses and to aid in finding limits or problems in field applications. The test procedure is currently being considered by ASTM as an update of an existing duct leakage standard.

Walker,I.S.; Sherman,M.H.; Wempen, J.; Wang, D.; McWilliams, J.A.; Dickerhoff, D.J.

2001-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Local structure and vibrational properties of alpha'-Pu martensitein Ga-stabilized delta-Pu  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Extended x-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy (EXAFS) is used to investigate the local atomic environment and vibrational properties of plutonium and gallium atoms in the {alpha}{prime} and {delta} phases of a mixed phase Pu-Ga alloy. EXAFS results measured at low temperature compare the structure of the mixed phase sample with a single-phase {delta}-Pu sample. EXAFS spectral components attributed to both {alpha}{prime}-Pu and {delta}-Pu were observed in the mixed phase sample. Ga K-edge EXAFS spectra indicate local atomic environments similar to the Pu LIII-edge EXAFS results, which suggests that Ga is substitutional for Pu atoms in both the monoclinic {alpha}{prime}-Pu and the fcc {delta}-Pu structures. In {delta}-Pu, we measure a Ga-Pu bond length contraction of 0.11 Angstroms with respect to the Pu-Pu bond length. The corresponding bond-length contraction around Ga in {alpha}{prime}-Pu is only 0.03 Angstroms. Results from temperature-dependent Pu LIII-edge EXAFS measurements are fit to a correlated Debye model, and a large difference in the Pu-Pu bond Debye temperature is observed for the {alpha}{prime} and {delta} phases: {theta}{sub cD}({alpha}{prime})=159{+-}13 K versus {theta}{sub cD}({delta})=120{+-}3 K. The corresponding analysis for the Ga K EXAFS determines a Ga-Pu bond Debye temperature of {theta}{sub cD}({delta})=188{+-}12 K in the {delta}-Pu phase. These results are related to the observed solubility of Ga in {delta}-Pu, the ''stabilization'' of {delta}-Pu by Ga at room temperature, and the insolubility of Ga in {alpha}{prime}-Pu.

Nelson, E.J.; Blobaum, K.J.M.; Wall, M.A.; Allen, P.G.; Schwartz,A.J.; Booth, C.H.

2003-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

170

School of Architecture, Design and the Built Environment Delta T optimisation of district heating network  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

School of Architecture, Design and the Built Environment Delta T optimisation of district heating of any network. Most existing district heating systems work at small (10-15 C) delta T. Although for the conventional and optimised design of the district heating network. The network operation will be simulated

Evans, Paul

171

Adaptive sensing and optimal power allocation for wireless video sensors with sigma-delta imager  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We consider optimal power allocation for wireless video sensors (WVSs), including the image sensor subsystem in the system analysis. By assigning a power-rate-distortion (P-R-D) characteristic for the image sensor, we build a comprehensive P-R-D optimization ... Keywords: image sensors, power-rate-distortion (P-R-D), resource management, sigma-delta (?Delta;) modulation, wireless video

Mališa Marijan; Ilker Demirkol; Danijel Mari?i?; Gaurav Sharma; Željko Ignjatovi?

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Asynchronous Sigma-Delta analog-to digital converter based on the charge pump integrator  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The concept of the asynchronous Sigma-Delta analog-to-digital converter (ASD-ADC) based on the charge pump integrator is discussed in the paper. A two-level conversion scheme is utilized. The first level is accomplished by amplitude-to-pulse-width mapping ... Keywords: Asynchronous Sigma-Delta modulation, Asynchronous circuits, Charge pump, Time quantization, Time-to-digital conversion

Dariusz Ko?cielnik; Marek Mi?kowicz

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

A self-calibration scheme for extended frequency-band-decomposition sigma-delta ADC  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Frequency-band-decomposition (FBD) is a good candidate to be used to increase the bandwidths of ADC converters based on sigma-delta modulators for software and cognitive radio applications where we need to convert wide bandwidths. Each modulator processes ... Keywords: Analog-to-digital conversion, Bandpass, Filter bank, Frequency-band-decomposition, Self-calibration, Sigma-delta

Philippe Benabes; Ali Beydoun

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Delta-sigma A/D conversion via time-mode signal processing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, a signal processing methodology is proposed that performs delta-sigma (??) analog-to-digital (A/D) conversion on voltage signals while implementing all the circuits in a digital CMOS logic style. This methodology, called time-mode ... Keywords: A/D conversion, CMOS, delta-sigma (??) modulation, low power, small area, time-mode signal processing (TMSP)

Christopher S. Taillefer; Gordon W. Roberts

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Elastic and radiative pi^+p scattering and properties of the Delta^{++} resonance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the Delta^{++} contributions to elastic and radiative \\pi^+p scattering within an effective Lagrangian model which incorporates the Delta, N, rho and sigma meson degrees of freedom. This model provides a description of the Delta resonance and its interactions that respects electromagnetic gauge invariance and invariance under contact transformations when finite width effects are incorporated. Following recent developments in the description of unstable gauge bosons, we use a complex mass scheme to introduce the finite width of the Delta^{++} without spoiling gauge invariance. The total cross section of elastic \\pi^+p scattering, whose amplitude exhibits the resonant plus background structure of S-matrix theory, is used to fix the mass, width and strong coupling of the \\Delta resonance. The differential cross section of elastic scattering is found in very good agreement with experimental data. The magnetic dipole moment of the Delta^{++}, \\mu_{Delta}, is left as the only adjustable parameter in radiative \\pi^+p scattering. From a fit to the most sensitive configurations for photon emission in this process, we obtain \\mu_{\\Delta} = (6.14 +-0.51)e/2m_p, in agreement with predictions based on the SU(6) quark model.

G. Lopez Castro; A. Mariano

2000-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

176

Automated synthesis of discrete-time sigma-delta modulators from system architecture to circuit netlist  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A synthesis tool consisting of coefficient synthesis of architecture, circuit specifications synthesis, and CMOS operational-amplifier (op-amp) synthesis for discrete-time sigma-delta modulators (SDMs) is presented. In circuit specifications synthesis, ... Keywords: Automated synthesis, Behavioral modeling, Geometric programming, Op-amp synthesis, Sigma-delta modulator, Transistor sizing

Shuenn-Yuh Lee; Chih-Yuan Chen; Jia-Hua Hong; Rong-Guey Chang; Mark Po-Hung Lin

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

U-171: DeltaV Products Multiple Vulnerabilities | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

71: DeltaV Products Multiple Vulnerabilities 71: DeltaV Products Multiple Vulnerabilities U-171: DeltaV Products Multiple Vulnerabilities May 17, 2012 - 7:00am Addthis PROBLEM: DeltaV Products Multiple Vulnerabilities PLATFORM: DeltaV and DeltaV Workstations versions 9.3.1, 10.3.1, 11.3, and 11.3.1 DeltaV ProEssentials Scientific Graph version 5.0.0.6 ABSTRACT: Multiple vulnerabilities have been reported in DeltaV products, which can be exploited by malicious people to conduct cross-site scripting attacks, SQL injection attacks, cause a DoS (Denial of Service), and compromise a vulnerable system. Reference LINKS: Secunia Advisory SA49210 CVE-2012-1814 CVE-2012-1815 CVE-2012-1816 CVE-2012-1817 CVE-2012-1818 IMPACT ASSESSMENT: High Discussion: 1) Certain unspecified input is not properly sanitised before being returned to the user. This can be exploited to execute arbitrary HTML and

178

Delta-Montrose Electric Association - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Commercial Energy Efficiency Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program Delta-Montrose Electric Association - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Maximum Rebate Lighting Replacement Program: $20,000 LED Refrigerator Case Lighting: $3,000 Street/Area Lighting (LED and Induction): $20,000 Program Info State Colorado Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Central Air Source Heat Pump: $125 - $150/ton; plus $150 Energy Star bonus Terminal Units: $85/unit; plus $150 Energy Star bonus Lighting Replacement Program: $250/kW saved LED Refrigerator Case Lighting: $60/door Street/Area Lighting (LED and Induction): 25% of head costs, up to

179

Impurity scattering from {delta}-layers in giant magnetoresistance systems  

SciTech Connect

The properties of the archetypal Co/Cu giant magnetoresistance (GMR) spin-valve structure have been modified by the insertion of very thin (submonolayer) {delta}-layers of various elements at different points within the Co layers, and at the Co/Cu interface. Different effects are observed depending on the nature of the impurity, its position within the periodic table, and its location within the spin valve. The GMR can be strongly enhanced or suppressed for various specific combinations of these parameters, giving insight into the microscopic mechanisms giving rise to the GMR. In particular, the doping of Fe and Ni into the spin valve close to, but not at the interface, leads to an increase in GMR, as does the introduction of Cu, a nonmagnetic impurity, into the Co layers.

Marrows, C. H.; Hickey, B. J.

2001-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Optimization of annealing conditions for controlling composition of (Pb{sub 1-x}Ge{sub x}){sub 1-{delta}}Te{sub 1+{delta}} crystals  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

One common way of controlling the composition of semiconductor materials is by two- or three-zone annealing. Compared to doping during growth, such anneals ensure more uniform distribution of impurities and better reproducibility of galvanomagnetic and photoelectric properties. For (A{sub 1{minus}x}B{sub x}){sub 1{minus}{delta}}C{sub 1+{delta}} chalcogenide solid solutions, the A/B ratio can be controlled by introducing an additional source of B or A, whereas off-stoichiometry {Delta} can be varied using a source of chalcocren C. The purpose of this work was to optimize the conditions for preparing homogeneous crystals of (Pb{sub 1{minus}}x Ge{sub x}){sub 1{minus}{delta}}Te{sub 1+{delta}} (0delta} const. Annealing conditions are considered optimal if a homogeneous material can be obtained within a minimum time and with minimum possible losses caused by transport of sublimed material to the cold zone. Such conditions can be chosen by modeling processes occurring in vapor and solid phases. Problems related to controlling the composition of the vapor phase and solid solutions by annealing were considered. Investigation of the Pb{sub 0.93}Sn{sub 0.07}{sub 1{minus}{delta}} solid solution showed that, under conditions commonly used for annealing IV-VI materials, mass transport to the cold zone is insignificant. This information is, however, insufficient for choosing optimal process parameters since the minimum annealing time remains to be determined. In this work, we calculated the optimal annealing parameters for preparing homogeneous crystals of Pb{sub 1{minus}x}Ge{sub x}Te (O < x <{le}0.05). In calculations we used kinetic equations describing mass transport in the solid and vapor phases and the measured temperature dependence of the diffusion coefficient for germanium in PbTe.

Yahsina, L.V.; Bobruiko, V.B.; Zlomanov, V.P. [Moscow State Univ. (Russian Federation)] [and others

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mekong delta vietnam" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

delta. /sub 33/ resonance in pion nucleus elastic, single, and double charge exchange scattering  

SciTech Connect

The ..delta../sub 33/ resonance is strongly excited in pion-nucleon scattering, but there is clearly only a limited amount of information that can be learned in scattering the pion from an isolated nucleon. One learns that there is a resonance of mass 1232 MeV, width 115 MeV, and, if one is willing to introduce a dynamical model, something about the off-shell extension of the amplitude. One stands to learn much more from pion-nucleus scattering because in this case the ..delta../sub 33/ resonance has an opportunity to scatter from nucleons, and how this occurs is not well understood. What do we know about the ..delta..-N interaction for pion-nucleus scattering. The isobar-hole model was invented to deal directly with the ..delta../sub 33/-nucleus dynamics, and a phenomenological determination of the isobar shell-model potential was attempted. The unknown dynamics deltaU/sub ..delta../ is contained in a central isoscalar spreading potential of strength W/sub 0/ and a spin orbit potential deltaU/sub 0/ = W/sub 0/rho + spin-orbit. The real part of W/sub 0/rho is measured relative to the nucleon-nucleus potential. From a more theoretical point of view, one would like to be able to calculate deltaU/sub ..delta../, including its isospin dependence, from an underlying dynamical model which is formulated in terms of the basic effective meson-baryon couplings. Some salient properties of these couplings can be determined from models of quark-bag structure, which raises the exciting possibility of learning about these fundamental issues from pion scattering. Attempts at Los Alamos to build a theoretical framework to deal with these and other issues are described. (WHK)

Johnson, M.B.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Land Use—Iron Pollution in Mangrove Habitat of Karachi, Indus Delta  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The coastal area of Karachi, Pakistan, which lies at the northwestern part of the Indus delta, is heavily polluted particularly in the mangrove habitat. The present study traces the pathway of trace metal iron from the source to the different ...

S. M. Saifullah; Sarwat Ismail; S. H. Khan; M. Saleem

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Delta-Sigma digital-RF modulation for high data rate transmitters  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A low power, wideband wireless transmitter utilizing [Delta]-[Sigma] direct digital modulation of an RF carrier is presented. The transmitter architecture replaces high dynamic range analog circuits with high speed digital ...

Jerng, Albert

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

EA-1969: Clark Fork River Delta Restoration Project, Bonner County, Idaho  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Bonneville Power Administration is preparing an environmental assessment to analyze the potential effects of a proposal to restore wetland and riparian (riverbank) habitat and to reduce erosion in the Clark Fork River delta located in Bonner County, Idaho.

185

New large-Nc relations among the nucleon and nucleon-to-Delta GPDs  

SciTech Connect

We establish relations which express the generalized parton distributions (GPDs) describing the N {yields} {Delta} transition in terms of the nucleon GPDs. These relations are based on the known large-N{sub c} relation between the N {yields} {Delta} electric quadrupole moment and the neutron charge radius, and a newly derived large-N{sub c} relation between the electric quadrupole (E2) and Coulomb quadrupole (C2) transitions. Namely, in the large-N{sub c} limit we find C2=E2. The resulting relations among the nucleon and N {yields} {Delta} GPDs provide predictions for the N {yields} {Delta} electromagnetic form factors which are found to be in very good agreement with experiment for moderate momentum transfers.

Marc Vanderhaeghen; Vladimir Pascalutsa

2006-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

186

Measurement and Analysis of a Multiday Photochemical Smog Episode in the Pearl River Delta of China  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recent measurements of a photochemical episode in September of 2001 in the Pearl River delta (PRD) were analyzed to gain insight into the meteorological and chemical processes affecting ozone (O3) concentrations in the subtropical southern China ...

Tao Wang; Joey Y. H. Kwok

2003-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Synthesis and oxygen content dependent properties of hexagonal DyMnO{sub 3 + sub delta}.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Oxygen deficient polycrystalline samples of hexagonal P6{sub 3}cm (space group No.185) DyMnO{sub 3+{delta}} ({delta} stoichiometric in oxygen content ({delta} = 0). Chemical expansion of the crystal lattice corresponding to these large changes of oxygen was found to be 3.48 x 10{sup -2} mol{sup -1}. Thermal expansion of stoichiometric phases were determined to be 11.6 x 10{sup -6} and 2.1 x 10{sup -6} K{sup -1} for the P6{sub 3}cm and Hex{sub 2} phases, respectively. Our measurements also indicate that the oxygen non-stoichiometry of hexagonal RMnO{sub 3+{delta}} materials may have important influence on their multiferroic properties.

Remsen, S.; Dabrowski, B.; Chmaissem, O.; Mais, J.; Szewczyk, A. (Materials Science Division); (Northern Illinois Univ.); (Polish Acad. Sci.)

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Radar interferometry for monitoring land subsidence and coastal change in the Nile Delta, Egypt  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Land subsidence and coastal erosion are worldwide problems, particularly in densely populated deltas. The Nile Delta is no exception. Currently, it is undergoing land subsidence and is simultaneously experiencing retreat of its coastline. The impacts of these long-term interrelated geomorphic problems are heightened by the economic, social and historical importance of the delta to Egypt. Unfortunately, the current measures of the rates of subsidence and coastal erosion in the delta are rough estimates at best. Sustainable development of the delta requires accurate and detailed spatial and temporal measures of subsidence and coastal retreat rates. Radar interferometry is a unique remote sensing approach that can be used to map topography with 1 m vertical accuracy and measure surface deformation with 1 mm level accuracy. Radar interferometry has been employed in this dissertation to measure urban subsidence and coastal change in the Nile Delta. Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) data of 5.66 cm wavelength acquired by the European Radar Satellites (ERS-1 and ERS- 2) spanning eight years (1993-2000) have been used in this investigation. The ERS data have been selected because the spatial and temporal coverage, as well as the short wavelength, are appropriate to measure the slow rate of subsidence in the delta. The ERS tandem coherence images are also appropriate for coastal change detection. The magnitude and pattern of subsidence are detected and measured using Permanent Scatterer interferometry. The measured rates of subsidence in greater Cairo, Mansura, and Mahala are 7, 9, and 5 mm yr-1, respectively. Areas of erosion and accretion in the eastern side of the delta are detected using the ERS tandem coherence and the ERS amplitude images. The average measured rates of erosion and accretion are -9.57 and +5.44 m yr-1, respectively. These measured rates pose an urgent need of regular monitoring of subsidence and coastline retreat in the delta. This study highlighted the feasibility of applying Permanent Scatterer interferometry in inappropriate environment for conventional SAR interferometry. The study addressed possibilities and limitations for successful use of SAR interferometry within the densely vegetated delta and introduced alternative strategies for further improvement of SAR interferometric measurements in the delta.

Aly, Mohamed Hassan

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Levee Failures in the Sacramento - San Joaquin River Delta: Characteristics and Perspectives  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Between 1850 and 1922, agriculturalists built 1,700 kilometers of levees to convert 250,000 hectares of tidal marsh to farmland where the San Joaquin and Sacramento Rivers enter the San Francisco Bay (the Delta). Drained, farmed and isolated from the water channels, the organic soils behind the levees subsided to elevations as low as 8 meters below sea level, turning "levees" into "dams" that hold back water constantly. Engineers built water transfer projects in the mid-20th century, transferring water from the south Delta to 25 million Californians who now rely on the "dams" accidentally converted into supply channels. In 1972, however, a levee failure caused a salt-water intrusion into the Delta, raising the prominence of the polemic Peripheral Canal which, if built would replace the levees in the trans-Delta water transport role. Levee failures in 2004 (the Delta) and 2005 (New Orleans) have re-ignited the debate, fueled by comments made by public officials who warned that the Delta levees posed more risk of failure than did the pre-Katina Louisiana levees. This background motivates two research questions: What are the social perspectives regarding levee failures of the experts managing the Delta; and what is the history of levee failures that might support their perspectives? The research employed Q-Method to identify and describe four social perspectives: Delta Sustainers, Abandon the Levees, Levee Pragmatists, and Multi-Purpose Levee Advocates. A critical element underlying differences among the perspectives revolved around the perceived history of failures of Delta levees. This dissertation employed semi-structured interviews, archival record searches, and historic map and aerial photograph comparisons to compile a history of 265 levee failures since 1868, many of which are referenced to location, segment, and levee type. In addition, the dissertation compiled a list of emergency repairs and successful flood-fights. The history of failures indicates that important levees of the Delta have performed significantly better than previously identified. Sharing these social perspectives and research results among the key actors addressing Delta issues may lead to improved consensus decisions.

Hopf, Frank

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Seasonally Resolved Surface Water (delta)14C Variability in the Lombok Strait: A Coralline Perspective  

SciTech Connect

We have explored surface water mixing in the Lombok Strait through a {approx}bimonthly resolved surface water {Delta}{sup 14}C time-series reconstructed from a coral in the Lombok Strait that spans 1937 through 1990. The prebomb surface water {Delta}{sup 14}C average is -60.5{per_thousand} and individual samples range from -72{per_thousand} to 134{per_thousand}. The annual average post-bomb maximum occurs in 1973 and is 122{per_thousand}. The timing of the post-bomb maximum is consistent with a primary subtropical source for the surface waters in the Indonesian Seas. During the post-bomb period the coral records regular seasonal cycles of 5-20{per_thousand}. Seasonal high {Delta}{sup 14}C occur during March-May (warm, low salinity), and low {Delta}{sup 14}C occur in September (cool, higher salinity). The {Delta}{sup 14}C seasonality is coherent and in phase with the seasonal {Delta}{sup 14}C cycle observed in Makassar Strait. We estimate the influence of high {Delta}{sup 14}C Makassar Strait (North Pacific) water flowing through the Lombok Strait using a two endmember mixing model and the seasonal extremes observed at the two sites. The percentage of Makassar Strait water varies between 16 and 70%, and between 1955 and 1990 it averages 40%. During La Nina events there is a higher percentage of Makassar Strait (high {Delta}{sup 14}C) water in the Lombok Strait.

Guilderson, T P; Fallon, S J; Moore, M D; Schrag, D P; Charles, C D

2008-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

191

The dynamic electric polarizability of a particle bound by a double delta potential  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we derive an expression for the dynamic electric polarizability of a particle bound by a double delta potential for frequencies below and above the absolute value of the particle's ground state energy. The derived expression will be used to study some of the fundamental features of the system and its representation of real systems. In addition we derive a general expression of the dynamic electric polarizability for a potential of multi-delta functions.

M. A. Maize; J. J. Smetanka

2008-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

192

Delta ferrite-containing austenitic stainless steel resistant to the formation of undesirable phases upon aging  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Austenitic stainless steel alloys containing delta ferrite, such as are used as weld deposits, are protected against the transformation of delta ferrite to sigma phase during aging by the presence of carbon plus nitrogen in a weight percent 0.015-0.030 times the volume percent ferrite present in the alloy. The formation of chi phase upon aging is controlled by controlling the Mo content.

Leitnaker, James M. (Kingston, TN)

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Modification of {Delta}{sup Prime} by magnetic feedback and kinetic effects  

SciTech Connect

Two possible ways of modifying the linear tearing mode index, by active magnetic feedback and by drift kinetic effects of deeply trapped particles, are analytically investigated. Magnetic feedback schemes, studied in this work, are found generally stabilizing for {Delta}{sup Prime }. The drift kinetic effects from both thermal particles and hot ions tend to reduce the power of the large solution from the outer region. This generally leads to a destabilization of {Delta} Prime for the toroidal analytic equilibria considered here.

Liu Yueqiang; Hastie, R. J.; Hender, T. C. [Euratom/CCFE Fusion Association, Culham Science Centre, Abingdon OX14 3DB (United Kingdom)

2012-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

194

Synthesis of acid addition salt of delta-aminolevulinic acid from 5-bromo levulinic acid esters  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process of preparing an acid addition salt of delta-aminolevulinc acid comprising: a) dissolving a lower alkyl 5-bromolevulinate and hexamethylenetetramine in a solvent selected from the group consisting of water, ethyl acetate, chloroform, acetone, ethanol, tetrahydrofuran and acetonitrile, to form a quaternary ammonium salt of the lower alkyl 5-bromolevulinate; and b) hydrolyzing the quaternary ammonium salt with an inorganic acid to form an acid addition salt of delta-aminolevulinic acid.

Moens, Luc (Lakewood, CO)

2003-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

195

Synthesis and oxygen content dependent properties of hexagonal DyMnO[subscript 3+delta  

SciTech Connect

Oxygen deficient polycrystalline samples of hexagonal P6{sub 3}cm (space group No.185) DyMnO{sub 3+{delta}} ({delta} < 0) were synthesized in Ar by intentional decomposition of its perovskite phase obtained in air. The relative stability of these phases is in accord with our previous studies of the temperature and oxygen vacancy dependent tolerance factor. Thermogravimetric measurements have shown that hexagonal samples of DyMnO{sub 3+{delta}} (0 {le} {delta} {le} 0.4) exhibit unusually large excess oxygen content, which readily incorporates on heating near 300 C in various partial-pressures of oxygen atmospheres. Neutron and synchrotron diffraction data show the presence of two new structural phases at {delta} {approx} 0.25 (Hex{sub 2}) and {delta} {approx} 0.40 (Hex{sub 3}). Rietveld refinements of the Hex{sub 2} phase strongly suggest it is well modeled by the R3 space group (No.146). These phases were observed to transform back to P6{sub 3}cm above {approx} 350 C when material becomes stoichiometric in oxygen content ({delta} = 0). Chemical expansion of the crystal lattice corresponding to these large changes of oxygen was found to be 3.48 x 10{sup -2} mol{sup -1}. Thermal expansion of stoichiometric phases were determined to be 11.6 x 10{sup -6} and 2.1 x 10{sup -6} K{sup -1} for the P6{sub 3}cm and Hex{sub 2} phases, respectively. Our measurements also indicate that the oxygen non-stoichiometry of hexagonal RMnO{sub 3+{delta}} materials may have important influence on their multiferroic properties.

Remsen, S.; Dabrowski, B.; Chmaissem, O.; Mais, J.; Szewczyk, A. (NIU); (Polish)

2011-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

196

D-state effects in the electromagnetic N{delta} transition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We consider here a manifestly covariant quark model of the nucleon and the {delta}, where one quark is off shell, and the other two quarks form an on-shell diquark pair. Using this model, we have shown previously that the nucleon form factors and the dominant form factor for the {gamma}N{yields}{delta} transition (the magnetic dipole (M1) form factor) can be well described by nucleon and {delta} wave functions with S-state components only. In this paper, we show that nonvanishing results for the small electric (E2) and Coulomb (C2) quadrupole form factors can be obtained if D-state components are added to the {delta} valence quark wave function. We present a covariant definition of these components and compute their contributions to the form factors. We find that these components cannot, by themselves, describe the data. Explicit pion cloud contributions must also be added, and these contributions dominate both the E2 and the C2 form factors. By parametrizing the pion cloud contribution for the transition electric and Coulomb form factors in terms of the neutron electric form factor, we estimate that the contributions of the {delta} D-state coupled to quark core spin of 3/2 is of the order of 1%, and the contributions of the {delta} D-state coupled to quark core spin 1/2 is of the order of 4%.

Ramalho, G. [Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, Newport News, Virginia 23606 (United States); Centro de Fisica Teorica de Particulas, Av. Rovisco Pais, 1049-001 Lisboa (Portugal); Pena, M. T. [Centro de Fisica Teorica de Particulas, Av. Rovisco Pais, 1049-001 Lisboa (Portugal); Department of Physics, Instituto Superior Tecnico, Av. Rovisco Pais, 1049-001 Lisboa (Portugal); Gross, Franz [Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, Newport News, Virginia 23606 (United States); College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, Virginia 23185 (United States)

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

First Measurement of the Neutral Current Excitation of the Delta Resonance on a Proton Target  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The parity-violating asymmetry arising from inelastic electron-nucleon scattering at backward angle (~95 degrees) near the Delta(1232) resonance has been measured using a hydrogen target. From this asymmetry, we extracted the axial transition form factor G^A_{N\\Delta}, a function of the axial Adler form factors C^A_i. Though G^A_{N\\Delta} has been previously studied using charged current reactions, this is the first measurement of the weak neutral current excitation of the Delta using a proton target. For Q^2 = 0.34 (GeV/c)^2 and W = 1.18 GeV, the asymmetry was measured to be -33.4 \\pm (5.3)_{stat} \\pm (5.1)_{sys} ppm. The value of G^A_{N\\Delta} determined from the hydrogen asymmetry was -0.05 \\pm (0.35)_{stat} \\pm (0.34)_{sys} \\pm (0.06)_{theory}. These findings agree within errors with theoretical predictions for both the total asymmetry and the form factor. In addition to the hydrogen measurement, the asymmetry was measured at the same kinematics using a deuterium target. The asymmetry for deuterium was determined to be -43.6 \\pm (14.6)_{stat} \\pm (6.2)_{sys} ppm.

G0 Collaboration; D. Androic; D. S. Armstrong; J. Arvieux; S. L. Bailey; D. H. Beck; E. J. Beise; J. Benesch; F. Benmokhtar; L. Bimbot; J. Birchall; P. Bosted; H. Breuer; C. L. Capuano; Y. -C. Chao; A. Coppens; C. A. Davis; C. Ellis; G. Flores; G. Franklin; C. Furget; D. Gaskell; J. Grames; M. T. W. Gericke; G. Guillard; J. Hansknecht; T. Horn; M. K. Jones; P. M. King; W. Korsch; S. Kox; L. Lee; J. Liu; A. Lung; J. Mammei; J. W. Martin; R. D. McKeown; A. Micherdzinska; M. Mihovilovic; H. Mkrtchyan; M. Muether; S. A. Page; V. Papavassiliou; S. F. Pate; S. K. Phillips; P. Pillot; M. L. Pitt; M. Poelker; B. Quinn; W. D. Ramsay; J. -S. Real; J. Roche; P. Roos; J. Schaub; T. Seva; N. Simicevic; G. R. Smith; D. T. Spayde; M. Stutzman; R. Suleiman; V. Tadevosyan; W. T. H. van Oers; M. Versteegen; E. Voutier; W. Vulcan; S. P. Wells; S. E. Williamson; S. A. Wood

2012-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

198

Q sup 2 and A dependence of. Delta. (1232) electroexcitation in nuclei  

SciTech Connect

Inclusive electron scattering measurements from SLAC of {Delta} electroexcitation in nuclei are presented. Electrons with energies of 0.96, 1.1, 1.3 and 1.5 GeV were scattered from H, {sup 4}He, C, Fe and W at 37.5{degree} and detected with the End Station A 1.6 GeV/c spectrometer. Q{sup 2} at the {Delta} peak ranged from 0.2 to 0.5 (GeV/c{sup 2}). For all nuclear targets the {Delta} peak position shifts for higher invariant mass as Q{sup 2} increases and in all but one case is above that of the free nucleon. Cross sections have been fitted by the form {sigma} = cA{sup b}. For the {Delta} region b varies from 0.99 to 1.02 with uncertainties of {plus minus}0.01. For the dip region A dependence is observed that is consistent with the effects of Fermi broadening of the quasielastic and {Delta} peaks. Transverse form factors have been calculated and fitted by the function 1/(1 + Q{sup 2}/{Lambda}{sup 2}). The A and invariant mass dependences of {Lambda} are discussed. 22 refs., 6 figs., 1 tab.

Sealock, R.M.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Ecosystem-scale Selenium Model for the San Francisco Bay-Delta Regional Ecosystem Restoration Implementation Plan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

No. ERP–01–C07. 515 p. [NRC] National Research Council.estuary & watershed science [NRC] National Research Council.Delta. Aquatic Toxicology [NRC] National Research Council.

Presser, Theresa S.; Luoma, Samuel N.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

ISOTHERMAL (DELTA)/(ALPHA-PRIME) TRANSFORMATION AND TTT DIAGRAM IN A PLUTONIUM GALLIUM ALLOY  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) is used as an alternative approach to determining the tine-temperature-transformation (TTT) diagram for the martensitic delta to alpha-prime transformation in a Pu-2.0 at% Ga alloy. Previous work suggests that the TTT diagram for a similar alloy exhibits an unusual double-C curve for isothermal holds of less than 100 minutes. Here, we extend this diagram to 18 hours, and confirm the double-C curve behavior. When the sample is cooled prior to the isothermal holds, the delta to alpha-prime transformation is observed as several overlapping exothermic peaks. These peaks are very reproducible, and they are believed to be the result of different kinds of delta to alpha-prime martensitic transformation. This may be due to the presence of different nucleation sites and/or different morphologies.

Oudot, B P; Blobaum, K M; Wall, M A; Schwartz, A J

2005-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

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201

Dynamical instabilities of warm n pe matter: the delta meson effects  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The effects of the delta meson on the dynamical instabilities of cold and warm nuclear and stellar matter at subsaturation densities are studied in the framework of relativistic mean-field hadron models (NL3, NL{sub r}ho and NL{sub r}ho{sub d}elta) with the inclusion of the electromagnetic field. The crust-core transition density and pressure are obtained as a function of temperature of beta-equilibrium matter with and without neutrino trapping. The distillation effect is discussed. For beta-equilibrium matter with trapped neutrinos the pasta phase disappears for T>13.2 MeV (NL{sub r}ho and NL{sub r}ho{sub d}elta) or T>11.6 MeV (NL3). For neutrino free matter the non-homogeneous phase does not exist for T>3 MeV. The delta meson has a larger effect in neutron rich matter, larger densities and smaller temperatures. It reduces the extension of the spinodal. The distillation effect is stronger for larger densities and smaller temperatures. The delta meson increases the distillation effect, for larger densities. NL3 predicts larger clusters compared with the other two parametrizations, and a smaller extension of the non-homogeneous phase for all temperatures. At the transition densities, the NL{sub r}ho and NL{sub r}ho{sub d}elta predict clusters with the double of the size as compared with an intermediate density. Constraints at finite temperature on the EOS are required.

Pais, Helena; Santos, Alexandre; Providencia, Constanca [Centro de Fisica Computacional-Department of Physics, University of Coimbra-P-3004-516-Coimbra-Portugal (Portugal)

2010-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

202

Isochronal annealing of radiation damage in (alpha)- and (delta)-Pu alloys  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Magnetic isochronal annealing curves were measured on specimens of self damaged {alpha}-Pu and several {delta}-Pu alloys stabilized by Ga and Am. These results are compared to one another and to isochronal resistivity annealing curves, where distinct differences are observed between the magnetic and resistive annealing for the case of {delta}-Pu. The first stage of annealing observed in the resistivity measurements is largely missing from the magnetic measurements, indicating that interstitials contribute little if any signal to the magnetization, while the onset of vacancy migration is strongly reflected in the magnetization signal.

McCall, S K; Fluss, M J; Chung, B W; Haire, R G

2009-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

203

Knock-On of delta-electrons in Hall A Electron Arm. Effect of the Aerogel Cerenkov.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this note we study the production amount of delta-electrons due to pion knock-on in the different detectors of the Hall A electron High Resolution Spectrometer (HRS). We detail the computation method and the inputs used. The main result is that the aerogel Cerenkov counter provides almost 40 % of the total production of delta-electrons.

Alexandre Deur

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

High-temperature electron-hole transport in PrBaCo{sub 2}O{sub 5+{delta}}  

SciTech Connect

The oxygen content, conductivity and thermopower in the double perovskite-like cobaltite PrBaCo{sub 2}O{sub 5+{delta}} are reported in the oxygen partial pressure range 2x10{sup -6}-0.21 atm and temperatures between 650 and 950 deg. C. The electrical properties are shown to be continuous through the transition from {delta}>0.5 to {delta}<0.5. The variations of transport parameters with temperature and oxygen content reveal hole polaron hopping conduction within oxygen non-stoichiometry domain {delta}<0.5. - Graphical abstract: Electrical properties in PrBaCo{sub 2}O5+{delta} depending on oxygen content at 800 deg. C. Highlights: > The oxygen content in PrBaCo{sub 2}O{sub 5+{delta}} is studied depending on temperature and oxygen partial pressure. > The transport parameter variations reveal hole polaron conduction. > The electrical properties are continuous through the transition from {delta}>0.5 to {delta}<0.5.

Suntsov, A.Yu., E-mail: suntsov@ihim.uran.ru [Institute of Solid State Chemistry, Yekaterinburg 620990 (Russian Federation); Leonidov, I.A.; Patrakeev, M.V.; Kozhevnikov, V.L. [Institute of Solid State Chemistry, Yekaterinburg 620990 (Russian Federation)

2011-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

205

The Philippines - Another Vietnam?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

u r a l oil deposits to foreign oil firms had been retaxed,on foreign development of Philippine oil resources as Marcos

Schirmer, Daniel Boone

1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Approximate k-NN delta test minimization method using genetic algorithms: Application to time series  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In many real world problems, the existence of irrelevant input variables (features) hinders the predictive quality of the models used to estimate the output variables. In particular, time series prediction often involves building large regressors of ... Keywords: Approximate k-nearest neighbors, Delta test, Genetic algorithm, Time series, Variable projection, Variable scaling, Variable selection

Fernando Mateo; Dušan Sovilj; Rafael Gadea

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

The Dynamics of the One-Dimensional Delta-Function Bose Gas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We give a method to solve the time-dependent Schroedinger equation for a system of one-dimensional bosons interacting via a repulsive delta function potential. The method uses the ideas of Bethe Ansatz but does not use the spectral theory of the associated Hamiltonian.

Craig A. Tracy; Harold Widom

2008-08-18T23:59:59.000Z

208

The Moutard transformation and two-dimensional multi-point delta-type potentials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the framework of the Moutard transformation formalism we find multi-point delta-type potentials of two-dimensional Schrodinger operators and their isospectral deformations on the zero energy level. In particular, these potentials are "reflectionless" in the sense of the Faddeev generalized "scattering" data.

R. G. Novikov; I. A. Taimanov

2013-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

209

Monitoring data dependencies in concurrent process execution through delta-enabled grid services  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents our results with monitoring data dependencies among concurrently executing, distributed processes that execute over grid services. The research has been conducted in the context of the DeltaGrid project, focusing on the development ... Keywords: concurrent execution, data dependencies, data dependency monitoring, grid services, incremental data changes, service composition

Susan D. Urban; Yang Xiao; Luther Blake; Suzanne W. Dietrich

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Baryonic triplet P-wave dominant superfluidity under combined pion condensation with delta-mixing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study baryonic superfluidity under the combined pion condensation with delta-mixing, where both condensates of the neutral and charged pions take place in neutron stars. Outline of formulation treating such superfluidity is presented and energy gap calculations show the possibility that critical temperatures are higher than about 1x10^9 K.

R. Tamagaki; T. Takatsuka

2005-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

211

D-state effects in the electromagnetic N-Delta transition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We consider here a manifestly covariant quark model of the nucleon and the Delta, where one quark is off-shell and the other two quarks form an on-shell diquark pair. Using this model, we have shown previously that the nucleon form factors and the dominant form factor for the gamma N -> Delta transition (the magnetic dipole (M1) form factor) can be well described by nucleon and Delta wave functions with S-state components only. In this paper we show that non-vanishing results for the small electric (E2) and Coulomb (C2) quadrupole form factors can be obtained if D-state components are added to the $\\Delta$ valence quark wave function. We present a covariant definition of these components and compute their contributions to the form factors. We find that these components cannot, by themselves, describe the data. Explicit pion cloud contributions must also be added and these contributions dominate both the E2 and the C2 form factors. By parametrizing the p

Ramalho, Gilberto; Haderer De La Pena S, Maria; Gross, Franz

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Detroit Diesel Engine Technology for Light Duty Truck Applications - DELTA Engine Update  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The early generation of the DELTA engine has been thoroughly tested and characterized in the virtual lab, during engine dynamometer testing, and on light duty trucks for personal transportation. This paper provides an up-to-date account of program findings. Further, the next generation engine design and future program plans will be briefly presented.

Freese, Charlie

2000-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

213

Assessing methane oxidation under landfill covers and its contribution to the above atmospheric CO{sub 2} levels: The added value of the isotope ({delta}{sup 13}C and {delta}{sup 18}O CO{sub 2}; {delta}{sup 13}C and {delta}D CH{sub 4}) approach  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Comparison of the isotope and mass balance approaches to evaluate the level of methane oxidation within a landfill. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The level of methane oxidation is not homogenous under the landfill cover and is strongly correlated to the methane flux. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Isotope tracking of the contribution of the methane oxidation to the CO{sub 2} concentrations in the ambient air. - Abstract: We are presenting here a multi-isotope approach ({delta}{sup 13}C and {delta}{sup 18}O of CO{sub 2}; {delta}{sup 13}C and {delta}D of CH{sub 4}) to assess (i) the level(s) of methane oxidation during waste biodegradation and its migration through a landfill cover in Sonzay (France), and (ii) its contribution to the atmospheric CO{sub 2} levels above the surface. The isotope approach is compared to the more conventional mass balance approach. Results from the two techniques are comparable and show that the CH{sub 4} oxidation under the landfill cover is heterogenous, with low oxidation percentages in samples showing high biogas fluxes, which was expected in clay covers presenting fissures, through which CH{sub 4} is rapidly transported. At shallow depth, more immobile biogas pockets show a higher level of CH{sub 4} oxidation by the methanotrophic bacteria. {delta}{sup 13}C of CO{sub 2} samples taken at different heights (from below the cover up to 8 m above the ground level) were also used to identify and assess the relative contributions of its main sources both under the landfill cover and in the surrounding atmosphere.

Widory, D., E-mail: d.widory@brgm.fr [BRGM, 3 ave Claude Guillemin, 45000 Orleans (France); Proust, E.; Bellenfant, G. [BRGM, 3 ave Claude Guillemin, 45000 Orleans (France); Bour, O. [INERIS, Parc Technologique ALATA, 60550 Verneuil-en-Halatte (France)

2012-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

214

DELTA-DIESEL ENGINE LIGHT TRUCK APPLICATION Contract DE-FC05-97OR22606 Final Report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

DELTA Diesel Engine Light Truck Application End of Contract Report DE-FC05-97-OR22606 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY This report is the final technical report of the Diesel Engine Light Truck Application (DELTA) program under contract DE-FC05-97-OR22606. During the course of this contract, Detroit Diesel Corporation analyzed, designed, tooled, developed and applied the ''Proof of Concept'' (Generation 0) 4.0L V-6 DELTA engine and designed the successor ''Production Technology Demonstration'' (Generation 1) 4.0L V-6 DELTA engine. The objectives of DELTA Program contract DE-FC05-97-OR22606 were to: Demonstrate production-viable diesel engine technologies, specifically intended for the North American LDT and SUV markets; Demonstrate emissions compliance with significant fuel economy advantages. With a clean sheet design, DDC produced the DELTA engine concept promising the following attributes: 30-50% improved fuel economy; Low cost; Good durability and reliability; Acceptable noise, vibration and harshness (NVH); State-of-the-art features; Even firing, 4 valves per cylinder; High pressure common rail fuel system; Electronically controlled; Turbocharged, intercooled, cooled EGR; Extremely low emissions via CLEAN Combustion{copyright} technology. To demonstrate the engine technology in the SUV market, DDC repowered a 1999 Dodge Durango with the DELTA Generation 0 engine. Fuel economy improvements were approximately 50% better than the gasoline engine replaced in the vehicle.

Hakim, Nabil Balnaves, Mike

2003-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

215

Atomic diffusion in metal poor stars. The influence on the Main Sequence fitting distance scale, subdwarfs ages and the value of Delta Y/DeltaZ  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The effect of atomic diffusion on the Main Sequence (MS) of metal-poor low mass stars is investigated. Since diffusion alters the stellar surface chemical abundances with respect to their initial values, one must ensure - by calibrating the initial chemical composition of the theoretical models - that the surface abundances of the models match the observed ones of the stellar population under scrutiny. Since the observed surface abundances of subdwarfs are different from the initial ones due to the effect of diffusion, while the globular clusters stellar abundances are measured in Red Giants, which have practically recovered their initial abundances after the dredge-up, the isochrones to be employed for studying globular clusters and Halo subdwarfs with the same observational value of [Fe/H] are different and do not coincide. We find, however,that the current MS-fitting distances derived from HIPPARCOS subdwarfs using colour corrections from standard isochrones are basically unaltered when diffusion is taken properly into account; on the other hand, the absolute ages, the age dispersion, the age-metallicity relation for Halo subdwarfs, as well as the value of the helium enrichment ratio Delta Y/Delta Z obtained from the width of the empirical Halo subdwarfs MS, are all significantly modified when the properly calibrated isochrones with diffusion are used.

M. Salaris; M. A. T. Groenewegen; A. Weiss

2000-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

216

Influence of encapsulation temperature on Ge:P {delta}-doped layers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a systematic study of the influence of the encapsulation temperature on dopant confinement and electrical properties of Ge:P {delta}-doped layers. For increasing growth temperature we observe an enhancement of the electrical properties accompanied by an increased segregation of the phosphorous donors, resulting in a slight broadening of the {delta} layer. We demonstrate that a step-flow growth achieved at {approx}530 deg. C provides the best compromise between high crystal quality and minimal dopant redistribution, with an electron mobility {approx}128 cm{sup 2}/Vs at a carrier density 1.3x10{sup 14} cm{sup -2}, and a 4.2 K phase coherence length of {approx}180 nm.

Scappucci, G.; Simmons, M. Y. [School of Physics and Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Quantum Computer Technology, University of New South Wales, Sydney, New South Wales 2052 (Australia); Capellini, G. [Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita di Roma Tre, Via della Vasca Navale 84, 00146 Roma (Italy)

2009-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

217

Three-dimensional Fourier transforms, integrals of spherical Bessel functions, and novel delta function identities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a general approach for evaluating a large variety of three-dimensional Fourier transforms. The transforms considered include the useful cases of the Coulomb and dipole potentials, and include situations where the transforms are singular and involve terms proportional to the Dirac delta function. Our approach makes use of the Rayleigh expansion of exp(i p.r) in terms of spherical Bessel functions, and we study a number of integrals, including singular integrals, involving a power of the independent variable times a spherical Bessel function. We work through several examples of three-dimensional Fourier transforms using our approach and show how to derive a number of identities involving multiple derivatives of 1/r, 1/r^2, and delta(\\vec r).

Gregory S. Adkins

2013-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

218

Growth and electrical characterisation of {delta}-doped boron layers on (111) diamond surfaces  

SciTech Connect

A plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition protocol for the growth of {delta}-doping of boron in diamond is presented, using the (111) diamond plane as a substrate for diamond growth. AC Hall effect measurements have been performed on oxygen terminated {delta}-layers and desirable sheet carrier densities ({approx}10{sup 13} cm{sup -2}) for field-effect transistor application are reported with mobilities in excess of what would expected for equivalent but thicker heavily boron-doped diamond films. Temperature-dependent impedance spectroscopy and secondary ion mass spectroscopy measurements show that the grown layers have metallic-like electrical properties with high cut-off frequencies and low thermal impedance activation energies with estimated boron concentrations of approximately 10{sup 20} cm{sup -3}.

Edgington, Robert; Jackman, Richard B. [London Centre for Nanotechnology, and Department of Electronic and Electrical Engineering, University College London, 17-19 Gordon Street, London, WC1H 0AH (United Kingdom); Sato, Syunsuke; Ishiyama, Yuichiro; Kawarada, Hiroshi [Department of Electronic and Photonic Systems, Waseda University, Okubo 3-4-1, Shinjuku, Tokyo 169-8555 (Japan); Morris, Richard [Advanced SIMS Projects, Department of Physics, University of Warwick, Coventry CV4 7AL (United Kingdom)

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

The initial momentum dependence of the quantum resonance in the delta-kicked rotor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The influence of an initial momentum on the appearance of "quantum resonances" in the delta-kicked rotor system is explored experimentally. We show that for certain initial momenta, a resonance can be negated entirely, whereas at others a resonance can be made to appear. At a larger number of kicks, all resonances are shown to narrow. We show that as a consequence, the individual "diffraction peaks" may split. We compare our results to numerical simulations as well as analytical theory.

J-A. Currivan; A. Ullah; M. D. Hoogerland

2008-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

220

Formation of manganese {delta}-doped atomic layer in wurtzite GaN  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We describe the formation of a {delta}-doped manganese layer embedded within c-plane wurtzite gallium nitride using a special molecular beam epitaxy growth process. Manganese is first deposited on the gallium-poor GaN (0001) surface, forming a {radical}(3) Multiplication-Sign {radical}(3)-R30 Degree-Sign reconstructed phase. This well-defined surface reconstruction is then nitrided using plasma nitridation, and gallium nitride is overgrown. The manganese content of the {radical}(3) Multiplication-Sign {radical}(3)-R30 Degree-Sign phase, namely one Mn per each {radical}(3) Multiplication-Sign {radical}(3)-R30 Degree-Sign unit cell, implies that the MnGaN alloy layer has a Mn concentration of up to 33%. The structure and chemical content of the surface are monitored beginning from the initial growth stage up through the overgrowth of 20 additional monolayers (MLs) of GaN. An exponential-like drop-off of the Mn signal with increasing GaN monolayers, as measured by Auger electron spectroscopy, indicates that the highly concentrated Mn layer remains at the {delta}-doped interface. A model of the resultant {delta}-doped structure is formulated based on the experimental data, and implications for possible spintronic applications are discussed.

Shi Meng; Chinchore, Abhijit; Wang Kangkang; Mandru, Andrada-Oana; Liu Yinghao; Smith, Arthur R. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Nanoscale and Quantum Phenomena Institute, Ohio University, Athens, Ohio 45701 (United States)

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mekong delta vietnam" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Elastic photon scattering from sup 4 He in the. Delta. (1232) region  

SciTech Connect

We have measured the differential cross section at laboratory angles 24{degree}, 30{degree}, 45{degree}, and 60{degree} for the reaction {sup 4}He({gamma},{gamma}){sup 4}He at an average lab energy of 320 MeV. This work was performed at the MIT Bates Linear Accelerator using a bremsstrahlung photon beam produced by a 330 MeV electron beam. The scattered photons were detected with a new, high resolution (1.68% FWHM at 330 MeV) NaI(Tl) total absorption scintillation counter. The data were summed over a nine MeV interval below the endpoint of the elastically scattered photon spectrum. Cosmic ray background was rejected by a plastic scintillator veto shield that surrounded the detector and the energy resolution was sufficient to exclude photons from {pi}{sup 0} decay and inelastic scattering from the region of interest. The results were compared with the predictions of the {Delta}-hole calculations of Koch, Moniz, and Ohtsuka and were found to be in excellent agreement. This measurement is the first unambiguous test of the {Delta}-hole formalism for this reaction near the peak of the {Delta} resonance.

Austin, E.J.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

The Detroit Diesel DELTA Engine for Light Trucks and SUVs - Year 2000 Update  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Detroit Diesel Corporation (DDC) is developing the DELTA 4.0L V6 engine, specifically for the North American light truck market. This market poses unique requirements for a diesel engine, necessitating a clean sheet engine design. DELTA was developed from a clean sheet of paper, with the first engine firing just 228 days later. The process began with a Quality Function Deployment (QFD) analysis, which prioritized the development criteria. The development process integrated a co-located, fully cross-functional team. Suppliers were fully integrated and maintained on-site representation. The first demonstration vehicle moved under its own power 12 weeks after the first engine fired. It was demonstrated to the automotive press 18 days later. DELTA has repeatedly demonstrated its ability to disprove historical North American diesel perceptions and compete directly with gasoline engines. This paper outlines the Generation 0.0 development process and briefly defines the engine. A brief indication of the Generation 0.5 development status is given.

Nabil S. Hakim; Charles E. Freese; Stanley P. Miller

2000-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

223

Address-Value Delta (AVD) Prediction: A Hardware Technique for Efficiently Parallelizing Dependent Cache Misses  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

While runahead execution is effective at parallelizing independent long-latency cache misses, it is unable to parallelize dependent long-latency cache misses. To overcome this limitation, this paper proposes a novel hardware technique, address-value delta (AVD) prediction. An AVD predictor keeps track of the address (pointer) load instructions for which the arithmetic difference (i.e., delta) between the effective address and the data value is stable. If such a load instruction incurs a long-latency cache miss during runahead execution, its data value is predicted by subtracting the stable delta from its effective address. This prediction enables the preexecution of dependent instructions, including load instructions that incur long-latency cache misses. We analyze why and for what kind of loads AVD prediction works and describe the design of an implementable AVD predictor. We also describe simple hardware and software optimizations that can significantly improve the benefits of AVD prediction and analyze the interaction of AVD prediction with runahead efficiency techniques and stream-based data prefetching. Our analysis shows that AVD prediction is complementary to these techniques. Our results show that augmenting a runahead processor with a simple, 16-entry AVD predictor improves the average execution time of a set of pointer-intensive applications by 14.3 percent (7.5 percent excluding benchmark health).

Onur Mutlu; Hyesoon Kim; Yale N. Patt

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Implementing the Delta-Four-Stream Approximation for Solar Radiation Computations in an Atmosphere General Circulation Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Proper quantification of the solar radiation budget and its transfer within the atmosphere is of utmost importance in climate modeling. The delta-four-stream (DFS) approximation has been demonstrated to offer a more accurate computational method ...

Tarek Ayash; Sunling Gong; Charles Q. Jia

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

An optical-electrical sub-sampling down-conversion receiver with continuous-time [Sigma] [Delta] modulation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis describes the design and implementation of an optical-electrical sub-sampling down-conversion receiver that employs [Sigma] [Delta] modulation. Accurate sub-sampling of an electrical RF signal in the optical ...

Park, Matthew (Matthew J.)

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Metastability and Delta-Phase Retention in Plutonium Alloys Final Report of LDRD Project 01-ERD-029  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The {delta} to {alpha}' phase transformation in Pu-Ga alloys is intriguing for both scientific and technological reasons. On cooling, the ductile fcc {delta}-phase transforms martensitically to the brittle monoclinic {alpha}'-phase at approximately -120 C (depending on composition). This exothermic transformation involves a 20% volume contraction and a significant increase in resistivity. The reversion of {alpha}' to {delta} involves a large temperature hysteresis beginning just above room temperature. In an attempt to better understand the underlying thermodynamics and kinetics responsible for these unusual features, we have investigated the {delta} {leftrightarrow} {alpha}' phase transformations in a Pu-0.6 wt% Ga alloy using a combination of experimental and modeling techniques.

Wong, J; Schwartz, A J; Blobaum, K M; Krenn, C R; Wall, M A; Wolfer, W G; Haslam, J J; Moore, K T

2004-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

227

Characteristics of InGaP/InGaAs pseudomorphic high electron mobility transistors with triple delta-doped sheets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Fundamental and insightful characteristics of InGaP/InGaAs double channel pseudomorphic high electron mobility transistors (DCPHEMTs) with graded and uniform triple {delta}-doped sheets are coomprehensively studied and demonstrated. To gain physical insight, band diagrams, carrier densities, and direct current characteristics of devices are compared and investigated based on the 2D semiconductor simulator, Atlas. Due to uniform carrier distribution and high electron density in the double InGaAs channel, the DCPHEMT with graded triple {delta}-doped sheets exhibits better transport properties, higher and linear transconductance, and better drain current capability as compared with the uniformly triple {delta}-doped counterpart. The DCPHEMT with graded triple {delta}-doped structure is fabricated and tested, and the experimental data are found to be in good agreement with simulated results.

Chu, Kuei-Yi [National Cheng-Kung University, Institute of Microelectronics, Department of Electrical Engineering (China); Chiang, Meng-Hsueh, E-mail: mhchiang@niu.edu.tw; Cheng, Shiou-Ying, E-mail: sycheng@niu.edu.tw [National II an University, Department of Electronic Engineering (China); Liu, Wen-Chau [National Cheng-Kung University, Institute of Microelectronics, Department of Electrical Engineering (China)

2012-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

228

What can be learned from binding energy differences about nuclear structure: The example of {delta}V{sub pn}  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We perform an analysis of a binding energy difference called {delta}V{sub pn}(N,Z){identical_to}-(1/4)[E(Z,N)-E(Z,N-2)-E(Z-2,N)+E(Z-2,N-2)] in the framework of a realistic nuclear model. It has been suggested that {delta}V{sub pn} values provide a sensitive probe of nuclear structure, and it has been put forward as a primary motivation for the measurement of specific nuclear masses. Using the angular momentum and particle-number projected generator coordinate method and the Skyrme interaction SLy4, we analyze the contribution brought to {delta}V{sub pn} by static deformation and dynamic fluctuations around the mean-field ground state. Our method gives a good overall description of {delta}V{sub pn} throughout the chart of nuclei with the exception of the anomaly related to the Wigner energy along the N=Z line. The main conclusions of our analysis of {delta}V{sub pn}, which are at variance with its standard interpretation, are that (i) the structures seen in the systematics of {delta}V{sub pn} throughout the chart of nuclei can be easily explained combining a smooth background related to the symmetry energy and correlation energies due to deformation and collective fluctuations, (ii) the characteristic pattern of {delta}V{sub pn} having a much larger size for nuclei that add only particles or only holes to a doubly magic nucleus than for nuclei that add particles for one nucleon species and holes for the other is a trivial consequence of the asymmetric definition of {delta}V{sub pn} and not due to a the different structure of these nuclei, (iii) {delta}V{sub pn} does not provide a very reliable indicator for structural changes, (iv){delta}V{sub pn} does not provide a reliable measure of the proton-neutron interaction in the nuclear energy density functional (EDF) or of that between the last filled orbits or of the one summed over all orbits, and (v) {delta}V{sub pn} does not provide a conclusive benchmark for nuclear EDF methods that is superior or complementary to other mass filters such as two-nucleon separation energies or Q values.

Bender, M. [Centre d'Etudes Nucleaires de Bordeaux Gradignan, UMR5797, Universite Bordeaux, F-33175 Gradignan (France); CNRS/IN2P3, Centre d'Etudes Nucleaires de Bordeaux Gradignan, UMR5797, F-33175 Gradignan (France); Heenen, P.-H. [Physique Nucleaire Theorique, CP229, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, B-1050 Bruxelles (Belgium)

2011-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

229

DELTA SCUTI, SX PHOENICIS, AND RR LYRAE STARS IN GALAXIES AND GLOBULAR CLUSTERS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The distances to four galaxies and two globular clusters which are derived with the aid of period-luminosity and period-color relations of {delta} Scuti and SX Phe stars are compared to the distances derived by other methods, in particular RR Lyrae stars. We examine the luminosities of horizontal branch or RR Lyrae stars in Oosterhoff I and II globular clusters. Observational data from a variety of sources indicate a discontinuous jump of {approx}0.2 mag in the luminosities of RR Lyrae variables at [Fe/H] {approx} -1.5 as we transition from Oosterhoff I to Oosterhoff II clusters. If Oosterhoff I clusters have RR Lyrae variables with average M{sub V} values of M{sub V} = 0.53 mag at [Fe/H] = -1.5, it implies that RR Lyrae stars in Oosterhoff II clusters average M{sub V} values are {approx}0.34 mag. Unlike the Oosterhoff I clusters which show an increase in the V luminosity of RR Lyrae stars as [Fe/H] becomes smaller, little or no change in the V luminosity of RR Lyrae variables is evident in Oosterhoff II clusters in the interval of [Fe/H] from -1.5 to -2.2. We find distance moduli found with RR Lyrae variables agree to {solar-metallicity {delta} Scuti stars with ages of 150 Myr to 1 Gyr) in the Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC), Small Magellanic Cloud, and the central region of the Fornax (dSph) galaxies. We also find an older population of metal-poor {delta} Scuti variables (SX Phe stars) in the LMC and Fornax galaxies. The Carina dSph is unique in that only an old population of metal-poor {delta} Scuti variables is evident. No evidence of recent {delta} Scuti star formation is found. The minimum periods observed for the SX Phe variables (blue stragglers) in the globular clusters M55 and {omega} Cen indicate that they could have been formed in a burst of metal-poor single star formation in the last 2.9-6 Gyr. If formed by the more acceptable scenario of stellar mergers, it is likely that the merged remnant resembles a normal star in a relatively advanced stage of main-sequence evolution with an enriched He core and ordinary He envelope. We present equations to calculate intrinsic-color indices for {delta} Scuti, SX Phe, and RR Lyrae stars at mean light. Finally, we show that the fundamental-radial-pulsating stars ({delta} Sct and SX Phe variables) have larger average light amplitudes than the first-overtone pulsating variables. The fundamental metal-poor variables (SX Phe stars) have the largest average and individual amplitudes.

McNamara, D. H., E-mail: harold_mcnamara@byu.edu [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Brigham Young University, Provo, UT 84602 (United States)

2011-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

230

NOTE: This list was prepared as a courtesy to assist students in finding local dentists who are: accepting new patients, accept Delta Dental, have hygiene services and are available for emergency care.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

: accepting new patients, accept Delta Dental, have hygiene services and are available for emergency care

California at Santa Cruz, University of

231

A dynamic soil chamber system coupled with a tunable diode laser for online measurements of delta-13C, delta-18O, and efflux rate of soil respired CO2  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

High frequency observations of the stable isotopic composition of CO(2) effluxes from soil have been sparse due in part to measurement challenges. We have developed an open-system method that utilizes a flow-through chamber coupled to a tunable diode laser (TDL) to quantify the rate of soil CO(2) efflux and its delta(13)C and delta(18)O values (delta(13)C(R) and delta(18)O(R), respectively). We tested the method first in the laboratory using an artificial soil test column and then in a semi-arid woodland. We found that the CO(2) efflux rates of 1.2 to 7.3 micromol m(-2) s(-1) measured by the chamber-TDL system were similar to measurements made using the chamber and an infrared gas analyzer (IRGA) (R(2) = 0.99) and compared well with efflux rates generated from the soil test column (R(2) = 0.94). Measured delta(13)C and delta(18)O values of CO(2) efflux using the chamber-TDL system at 2 min intervals were not significantly different from source air values across all efflux rates after accounting for diffusive enrichment. Field measurements during drought demonstrated a strong dependency of CO(2) efflux and isotopic composition on soil water content. Addition of water to the soil beneath the chamber resulted in average changes of +6.9 micromol m(-2) s(-1), -5.0 per thousand, and -55.0 per thousand for soil CO(2) efflux, delta(13)C(R) and delta(18)O(R), respectively. All three variables initiated responses within 2 min of water addition, with peak responses observed within 10 min for isotopes and 20 min for efflux. The observed delta(18)O(R) was more enriched than predicted from temperature-dependent H(2)O-CO(2) equilibration theory, similar to other recent observations of delta(18)O(R) from dry soils (Wingate L, Seibt U, Maseyk K, Ogee J, Almeida P, Yakir D, Pereira JS, Mencuccini M. Global Change Biol. 2008; 14: 2178). The soil chamber coupled with the TDL was found to be an effective method for capturing soil CO(2) efflux and its stable isotope composition at high temporal frequency.

Powers, Heath H [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Mcdowell, Nate [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Hanson, David [UNM; Hunt, John [LANDCARE RESEARCH

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

The phase diagrams and doped-hole segregation in La{sub 2}CuO{sub 4+{delta}} and La{sub 2-x}Sr{sub x}CuO{sub 4+{delta}} (x {le} 0.15, {delta} {le} 0.12)  

SciTech Connect

The magnetic and structural phase diagrams of the La{sub 2}CuO{sub 4+{delta}} system and the La{sub 2-x}Sr{sub x}CuO{sub 4+{delta}} are reviewed, with emphasis on recent results obtained from magnetic and structural neutron diffraction, thermogravimetric analysis, iodometric titration, magnetic susceptibility {chi}(T), and {sup 129}La nuclear quadrupole resonance (NQR) measurements.

Johnston, D.C.; Borsa, F.; Canfield, P.C. [Iowa State Univ. of Science and Technology, Ames, IA (United States)] [and others

1993-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

233

Nickel-induced down-regulation of {Delta}Np63 and its role in the proliferation of keratinocytes  

SciTech Connect

Epidemiological, animal, and cell studies have demonstrated that nickel compounds are human carcinogens. The mechanisms of their carcinogenic actions remain to be investigated. p63, a close homologue of the p53 tumor suppressor protein, has been linked to cell fate determination and/or maintenance of self-renewing populations in several epithelial tissues, including skin, mammary gland, and prostate. {Delta}Np63, a dominant negative isoform of p63, is amplified in a variety of epithelial tumors including squamous cell carcinomas and carcinomas of the prostate and mammary glands. The present study shows that nickel suppressed {Delta}Np63 expression in a short-time treatment (up to 48 h). Nickel treatment caused activation of NF-{kappa}B. Blockage of NF-{kappa}B partially reversed nickel-induced {Delta}Np63 suppression. Nickel decreased interferon regulatory factor (IRF) 3 and IRF7, IKK{epsilon}, and Sp100. Over-expression of IRF3 increased {Delta}Np63 expression suppressed by nickel. Nickel was able to activate p21, and its activation was offset by the over-expression of {Delta}Np63. In turn, elevated p63 expression counteracted the ability of nickel to restrict cell growth. The present study demonstrated that nickel decreased interferon regulatory proteins IRF3 and IRF7, and activated NF-{kappa}B, resulting in {Delta}Np63 suppression and then p21 up-regulation. {Delta}Np63 plays an important role in nickel-induced cell proliferation. - Highlights: > Ni suppressed {Delta}Np63 expression in HaCat cells. > Ni activated NF-{kappa}B, decreased expressions of IRF3 and IRF7, IKK{epsilon}, and Sp100. > Over-expression of IRF3 increased {Delta}Np63 expression suppressed by Ni. > Ni activated p21, and its activation was offset by over-expression of {Delta}Np63. > Elevated p63 expression counteracted the ability of nickel to restrict cell growth.

Zhang Zhuo, E-mail: zhuo.zhang@uky.edu [Department of Preventive Medicine and Environmental Health, University of Kentucky, 121 Washington Avenue, Lexington, KY 40536 (United States); Li Wenqi [Department of Preventive Medicine and Environmental Health, University of Kentucky, 121 Washington Avenue, Lexington, KY 40536 (United States); Cheng Senping [Graduate Center for Toxicology, University of Kentucky, 1095 VA Drive, Lexington, KY 40536 (United States); Yao Hua [Department of Stomatology, The First Affiliated Hospital, College of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang 310003 (China); Zhang Fan; Chang Qingshan [Graduate Center for Toxicology, University of Kentucky, 1095 VA Drive, Lexington, KY 40536 (United States); Ke Zunji [Department of Internal Medicine, University of Kentucky, 800 Rose Street, Lexington, KY 40536 (United States); Wang Xin; Son, Young-Ok [Graduate Center for Toxicology, University of Kentucky, 1095 VA Drive, Lexington, KY 40536 (United States); Luo Jia [Department of Internal Medicine, University of Kentucky, 800 Rose Street, Lexington, KY 40536 (United States); Shi Xianglin [Graduate Center for Toxicology, University of Kentucky, 1095 VA Drive, Lexington, KY 40536 (United States)

2011-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

234

A switched capacitor, fourth-order bandpass sigma-delta modulator for 20MHz IF digitization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The past few years have witnessed an explosive growth of wireless applications for mobile communications and wireless networking. With modern sub-micron technologies, it is feasible to achieve complete integration of the RF transceiver chain in a low cost process such as CMOS. One possible way to accomplish this is to move the ADC closer to the incoming RF frequency. Bandpass Sigma-Delta modulators are ideally suited for digitizing narrow-band signals with bandwidth typically between 0-200KHz centered at higher intermediate frequencies from 20MHz to 200MHz. This mitigates errors such as mismatch, flicker noise and DC offset. Digitizing the weak signal at IF frequencies requires high dynamic range and linearity from the ADC, due to the presence of strong interferers located close to in-band signals. This report explains the design and layout of a fourth-order bandpass Sigma Delta modulator implemented with switched-capacitor circuit in 0.35[]m CMOS technology. The selected architecture for the Sigma-Delta modulator is the Cascade of Resonators (CRFB) topology with a 1-bit quantizer, having reference voltage of ±250mV. The input applied has an amplitude of ±125mV and frequency of 20MHz and the sampling frequency is 80MHz. Simulated results give a peak SNR at the output as 76dB for -6dB power of the input. The third-order non-linear products are suppressed by -55dB and power consumption of the modulator is 20mW.

Thomas, George

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Delta and Omega electromagnetic form factors in a Dyson-Schwinger/Bethe-Salpeter approach  

SciTech Connect

We investigate the electromagnetic form factors of the Delta and the Omega baryons within the Poincare-covariant framework of Dyson-Schwinger and Bethe-Salpeter equations. The three-quark core contributions of the form factors are evaluated by employing a quark-diquark approximation. We use a consistent setup for the quark-gluon dressing, the quark-quark bound-state kernel and the quark-photon interaction. Our predictions for the multipole form factors are compatible with available experimental data and quark-model estimates. The current-quark mass evolution of the static electromagnetic properties agrees with results provided by lattice calculations.

Diana Nicmorus, Gernot Eichmann, Reinhard Alkofer

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Delta and Omega electromagnetic form factors in a three-body covariant Bethe-Salpeter approach  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The electromagnetic form factors of the Delta and Omega baryons are calculated in the framework of Poincare-covariant bound-state equations. The quark-quark interaction is truncated to a single dressed-gluon exchange where for the dressings we use two different models and compare the results. The calculation predicts an oblate shape for the electric charge distribution and a prolate shape for the magnetic dipole distribution. We also identify the necessity of including pion-cloud corrections at low photon-momentum transfer.

Helios Sanchis-Alepuz; Richard Williams; Reinhard Alkofer

2013-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

237

Recurrence in resonant transmission of one-dimensional array of delta potentials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The resonant transmission of a moving particle which interacts with an one-dimensional array of N delta-function potentials is investigated. A suitable transfer matrix formulation is used to obtain the particle transmission. We give the parameters for perfect tunnelling and the transcendental equation for the quasi-bound state energies for N = 2, 3 and 4. Conditions for perfect tunnelling and resonant transmission are discussed for arrays with arbitrary N. A model to explain how the tunnelling energy filter works in these systems is proposed here.

Guillermo Cordourier-Maruri; Virendra Gupta; Romeo de Coss

2013-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

238

Enhancing the Electron Mobility via Delta-Doping in SrTiO3  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We fabricated high-mobility {delta}-doped structures in SrTiO{sub 3} thin films in order to investigate the low temperature electronic transport properties of confined carriers in this system. An enhancement of the electron mobility above the bulk value was observed as the doped layer thickness decreased. High-field Hall measurements revealed that this mobility enhancement originates from higher-mobility electrons in the undoped clean regions, which have quantum-mechanically broadened from the doped layer. Because of the absence of apparent lattice misfit between the layers, this structure is highly suitable for investigating two-dimensional electron gases in SrTiO{sub 3}

Kozuka, Y.

2011-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

239

B(s) Mixing, Delta Gamma(s) and CP Violation at the Tevatron  

SciTech Connect

The authors discuss the results from the Tevatron experiments on mixing and CP violation in the B{sub s}{sup 0}-{bar B}{sub s}{sup 0} system, with particular emphasis to the updated measurements of the decay-width difference {Delta}{Lambda}{sub s} and the first measurement of the CP-violating phase {beta}{sub s} using flavor tagging information. They also briefly review the charge asymmetry measurements in semileptonic B{sub s}{sup 0} decays and in B{sup {+-}} {yields} J/{psi}K{sup {+-}} decays.

Di Giovanni, Gian Piero; /Paris U., VI-VII

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

What can be learned from binding energy differences about nuclear structure: the example of delta V_{pn}  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We perform an analysis of a binding energy difference called delta V_{pn}(N,Z) =- 1/4(E(Z,N)-E(Z,N-2)-E(Z-2,N)+ E(Z-2,N-2) in the framework of a realistic nuclear model. Using the angular-momentum and particle-number projected generator coordinate method and the Skyrme interaction SLy4, we analyze the contribution brought to delta V_{pn} by static deformation and dynamic fluctuations around the mean-field ground state. Our method gives a good overall description of delta V_{pn} throughout the chart of nuclei with the exception of the anomaly related to the Wigner energy along the N=Z line. The main conclusions of our analysis are that (i) the structures seen in the systematics of delta V_{pn} throughout the chart of nuclei can be easily explained combining a smooth background related to the symmetry energy and correlation energies due to deformation and collective fluctuations; (ii) the characteristic pattern of delta V_{pn} around a doubly-magic nucleus is a trivial consequence of the asymmetric definition o...

Bender, Michael

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mekong delta vietnam" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Pion production in nucleon-nucleon collisions in chiral effective field theory with Delta(1232)-degrees of freedom  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A calculation of the pion-production operator up to next-to-next-to-leading order for s-wave pions is performed within chiral effective field theory. In the previous study [Phys. Rev. C 85, 054001 (2012)] we discussed the contribution of the pion-nucleon loops at the same order. Here we extend that study to include explicit Delta degrees of freedom and the 1/m_N^2 corrections to the pion-production amplitude. Using the power counting scheme where the Delta-nucleon mass difference is of the order of the characteristic momentum scale in the production process, we calculate all tree-level and loop diagrams involving Delta up to next-to-next-to-leading order. The long-range part of the Delta loop contributions is found to be of similar size to that from the pion-nucleon loops which supports the counting scheme. The net effect of pion-nucleon and Delta loops is expected to play a crucial role in understanding of the neutral pion production data.

A. A. Filin; V. Baru; E. Epelbaum; C. Hanhart; H. Krebs; F. Myhrer

2013-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

242

Optical an Thermodynamic Properties of the High-Temperature Superconductor HgBa{2}CuO{4+delta}  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In- and out-of-plane optical spectra and specific heat measurements for the single layer cuprate superconductor HgBa{sub 2}CuO{sub 4+{delta}} (Hg-1201) at optimal doping (T{sub c} = 97 K) are presented. Both the in-plane and out-of-plane superfluid density agree well with a recently proposed scaling relation {rho}{sub s} {proportional_to} {sigma}{sub dc} T{sub c}. It is shown that there is a superconductivity induced increase of the in-plane low frequency spectral weight which follows the trend found in underdoped and optimally doped Bi{sub 2}Sr{sub 2}CaCu{sub 2}O{sub 8+{delta}} (Bi-2212) and optimally doped Bi{sub 2}Sr{sub 2}Ca{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 10+{delta}} (Bi-2223). We observe an increase of optical spectral weight which corresponds to a change in kinetic energy {Delta}W {approx} 0.5 meV/Cu which is more than enough to explain the condensation energy. The specific heat anomaly is 10 times smaller than in YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 6+{delta}} (YBCO) and 3 times smaller than in Bi-2212. The shape of the anomaly is similar to the one observed in YBCO showing that the superconducting transition is governed by thermal fluctuations.

van Heumen,E.; Lortz, R.; Kuzmenko, A.; Carbone, F.; van der Marel, D.; Zhao, G. Yu, Y. Cho,, X.; Barisic, M. Greven,, N.; Homes, C.; Dordevic, S.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Quantifying the importance of orbital over spin correlations in delta-Pu within density-functional theory  

SciTech Connect

Spin and orbital and electron correlations are known to be important when treating the high-temperature {delta} phase of plutonium within the framework of density-functional theory (DFT). One of the more successful attempts to model {delta}-Pu within this approach has included condensed-matter generalizations of Hund's three rules for atoms, i.e., spin polarization, orbital polarization, and spin-orbit coupling. Here they perform a quantitative analysis of these interactions relative rank for the bonding and electronic structure in {delta}-Pu within the DFT model. The result is somewhat surprising in that spin-orbit coupling and orbital polarization are far more important than spin polarization for a realistic description of {delta}-Pu. They show that these orbital correlations on their own, without any formation of magnetic spin moments, can account for the low atomic density of the {delta} phase with a reasonable equation-of-state. In addition, this unambiguously non-magnetic (NM) treatment produces a one-electron spectra with resonances close to the Fermi level consistent with experimental valence band photoemission spectra.

Soderlind, P; Wolfer, W

2007-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

244

Structure of the gene for the catalytic subunit of human DNA polymerase {delta} (POLD1)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We have isolated genomic DNA clones covering the gene for human DNA polymerase {delta} catalytic subunit (POLD1) and its 5{prime} flanking sequence. This gene is divided into 27 exons and is distributed over at least 32 kb of DNA. The exons and most of the introns are relatively small. The sizes of the exons range from 55 to 201 bp. Seven introns are smaller than 100 bp. Intron 1 is the largest intron, with a size of greater than 10 kb. All of the intron-exon junctions match well with the reported consensus sequence and the variable number of tandem repeats were found in several introns. Transcription of POLD1 appears to initiate at multiple sites. The major start site was 53 nucleotides upstream of the ATG start codon. The sequence of the promoter and upstream DNA is G+C rich and does not contain a TATA sequence. Several potential transcription factor-binding sites, including the AP2-, CTF-, Ets1-, GCF, MBF-1, NF-E1, and Sp1-binding sites, were found in this region. A 1.8-kb pol {delta} promoter DNA directed the expression of a luciferase reporter gene when transfected into HeLa cells. 69 refs., 4 figs., 3 tabs.

Chang, Lon-Sheng; Zhao, Lingyun; Zhu, Longyun [Ohio State Univ., Columbus, OH (United States)] [and others] [Ohio State Univ., Columbus, OH (United States); and others

1995-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

245

Measuring the Weak Charge of the Proton and the Hadronic Parity Violation of the N -> {Delta} Transition  

SciTech Connect

Qweak will determine the weak charge of the proton, Q{sup p}{sub W}, via an asymmetry measurement of parity-violating elastic electron-proton scattering at low four momentum transfer to a precision of 4%. Q{sup p}{sub W} has a firm Standard Model prediction and is related to the weak mixing angle, sin{sup 2} {Theta}{sub W}, a well-defined Standard Model parameter. Qweak will probe a subset of new physics to the TeV mass scale and test the Standard Model. The details of how this measurement was performed and the analysis of the 25% elastic dataset will be presented in this thesis. Also, an analysis of an auxiliary measurement of the parity-violating asymmetry in the N -> {Delta} transition is presented. It is used as a systematic inelastic background correction in the elastic analysis and to extract information about the hadronic parity violation through the low energy constant, d{sub Delta}. The elastic asymmetry at Q{sup 2} = 0.0252 ± 0.0007 GeV{sup 2} was measured to be A{sub ep} = -265 ± 40 ± 22 ± 68 ppb (stat., sys., and blinding). Extrapolated to Q{sup 2} = 0, the value of the proton's weak charge was measured to be Q{sup p}{sub W} = 0.077 ± 0.019 (stat. and sys.) ± 0.026 (blinding). This is within 1 {sigma} of the Standard Model prediction of Q{sup p}{sub W} = 0.0705 ± 0.0008. The N -> {Delta} inelastic asymmetry at Q{sup 2} = 0.02078 ± 0.0005 GeV{sup 2} and W = 1205 MeV was measured to be A{sub inel} = -3.03 ± 0.65 ± 0.73 ± 0.07 ppm (stat., sys., and blinding). This result constrains the low energy constant to be d{sub {Delta}} = 5.8 ± 22g{sub {pi}}, and, if the result of the G0 experiment is included, d{sub {Delta}} = 5.8 ± 17g{sub {pi}}. This result rules out suggested large values of d{sub {Delta}} motivated by radiative hyperon decays. The elastic measurement is the first direct measurement of the weak charge of the proton while the inelastic measurement is only the second measurement of the neutral current excitation of the {Delta} resonance. It is currently the best constraint for the low energy constant, d{sub {Delta}.

John Leacock

2012-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

246

Synthesis of an acid addition salt of delta-aminolevulinic acid from 5-bromo levulinic acid esters  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process is disclosed for preparing an acid addition salt of delta-aminolevulinic acid comprising. The process involves dissolving a lower alkyl 5-bromolevulinate and an alkali metal diformylamide in an organic solvent selected from the group consisting of acetonitrile, methanol, tetrahydrofuran, 2-methyltetrahydrofuran and methylformate or mixtures to form a suspension of an alkyl 5-(N,N-diformylamino) levulinate ester; and hydrolyzing the alkyl 5-(N,N-diformylamino) levulinate with an inorganic acid to form an acid addition salt of delta-amino levulinic acid.

Moens, L.

1999-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

247

The crystal structure of Hf{sub 1.5+{delta}}Nb{sub 1.5-{delta}}As and structure-composition relations in the section Hf{sub 3}As-Nb{sub 3}As  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The title compound Hf{sub 1.5+{delta}}Nb{sub 1.5-{delta}}As was characterized by means of single crystal X-ray diffraction. It represents a new structure type of intermetallic compounds (space group Pnma; lattice parameters a=7.142(2) A, b=3.583(2) A, c=11.640(2) A) and shows a small homogeneity range corresponding to (0.1thermodynamic calculations employing the compound energy formalism (CEF) with the aim to model the experimentally observed site fraction data for both ternary compounds as well as Gibbs energies at the temperature of equilibration (1400 deg. C). - Graphical abstract: Hf{sub 1.5+{delta}}Nb{sub 1.5-{delta}}As with a new structure type (space group Pnma; lattice parameters a=7.142(2) A, b=3.583(2) A, c=11.640(2)A) was synthesized. Phase relations, energies and partial ordering in the section Hf{sub 3}As-Nb{sub 3}As were studied by first principle DFT calculations and thermodynamic modelling.

Warczok, Piotr; Chumak, Igor [Department of Inorganic Chemistry/Materials Chemistry, University of Vienna, Waehringerstr. 42, A-1090 Wien (Austria); Richter, Klaus W., E-mail: klaus.richter@univie.ac.a [Department of Inorganic Chemistry/Materials Chemistry, University of Vienna, Waehringerstr. 42, A-1090 Wien (Austria)

2009-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

248

High-speed hardware efficient FIR compensation filter for Delta-Sigma modulator analog-to-digital converter in 0.13 µm CMOS technology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A high-speed hardware efficient 41-tap, 15-bit word length Finite Impulse Response (FIR) Compensation Filter has been designed as a component in a Delta-Sigma Modulator (DSM) Analog-to-Digital Converter (ADC). The filter is targeted for high-throughput ... Keywords: ADC, FIR filter, compensation, delta-sigma, high-speed

Boon-Siang Cheah; Ray Siferd

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

The phonon density of states of {alpha}- {delta}-plutonium by inelastic x-ray scattering.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Inelastic x-ray scattering measurements of the phonon density of states (DOS) were performed on polycrystalline samples of pure {alpha}-Pu and {delta}-Pu{sub 0.98}Ga{sub 0.02} at room temperature. The heat capacity of {alpha}-Pu is well reproduced by contributions calculated from the measured phonon DOS plus conventional thermal-expansion and electronic contributions, showing that {alpha}-Pu is a 'well-behaved' metal in this regard. A comparison of the phonon DOS of the two phases at room temperature showed that the vibrational entropy difference between them is only a quarter of the total entropy difference expected from known thermodynamic measurements. The missing entropy is too large to be accounted for by conventional electronic entropy and evidence from the literature rules out a contribution from spin fluctuations. Possible alternative sources for the missing entropy are discussed.

Manley, M. E.; Said, A.; Fluss, M. J.; Wall, M.; Lashley, J. C.; Alatas, A.; Moore, K. T.; LLNL; LANL

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

E=mc^2, \\Delta H = D(H-H)$, and the end of civilization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

100 years ago Einstein discovered $E=mc^2$, the secret energy stored in ordinary mass. $\\Delta H = D(H-H)$ is the chemical energy released in chemical bond formation between two H atoms. The failure to recognize the enormously different energy scales in those two equations reflected in current events may start a chain reaction this very year, on the one-hundredths anniversary of Einstein's discovery, that leads to the end of civilization. Due to the confluence of a particular set of circumstances, this particular moment is more dangerous than any other in the history of nuclear weapons. Physicists have a special responsibility to do their utmost to prevent this from happening. This paper is a call to arms. A principle to underpin nuclear non-proliferation and enhance stability is advocated.

Hirsch, J E

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

The Spectrum of Non-Local Discrete Schroedinger Operators with a delta-Potential  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The behaviour of the spectral edges (embedded eigenvalues and resonances) is discussed at the two ends of the continuous spectrum of non-local discrete Schr\\"odinger operators with a $\\delta$-potential. These operators arise by replacing the discrete Laplacian by a strictly increasing $C^1$-function of the discrete Laplacian. The dependence of the results on this function and the lattice dimension are explicitly derived. It is found that while in the case of the discrete Schr\\"odinger operator these behaviours are the same no matter which end of the continuous spectrum is considered, an asymmetry occurs for the non-local cases. A classification with respect to the spectral edge behaviour is also offered.

Fumio Hiroshima; József L?rinczi

2013-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

252

Observation of coherence revival and fidelity saturation in a delta-kicked rotor potential  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We experimentally investigate the effect of atomic delta-kicked rotor potentials on the mutual coherence between wavepackets in an atom interferometer. The differential action of the kicked rotor degrades the mutual coherence, leading to a reduction of the interferometry fringe visibility; however, when the repetition rate of the kicked rotor is at or near the quantum resonance, we observe revival of matter-wave coherence as the number of kicks increases, resulting in non-vanishing coherence in the large kick number limit. This coherence saturation effect reflects a fidelity saturation in phase-space displacement echoes in deep quantum regime. The saturation effect is accompanied with an invariant distribution of matter-wave coherence under the kicked rotor perturbations.

Wu, Saijun; Prentiss, Mara G

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Observation of coherence revival and fidelity saturation in a delta-kicked rotor potential  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We experimentally investigate the effect of atomic $\\delta$-kicked rotor potentials on the mutual coherence between wavepackets in an atom interferometer. The differential action of the kicked rotor degrades the mutual coherence, leading to a reduction of the interferometry fringe visibility; however, when the repetition rate of the kicked rotor is at or near the quantum resonance, we observe revival of matter-wave coherence as the number of kicks increases, resulting in non-vanishing coherence in the large kick number limit. This coherence saturation effect reflects a saturation of fidelity decay due to momentum displacements in deep quantum regime. The saturation effect is accompanied with an invariant distribution of matter-wave coherence under the kicked rotor perturbations.

Saijun Wu; Alexey Tonyushkin; Mara G. Prentiss

2008-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

254

The nucleon and Delta-resonance masses in relativistic chiral effective-field theory  

SciTech Connect

We study the chiral behavior of the nucleon and De-isobar masses within a manifestly covariant chiral effective-field theory, consistent with the analyticity principle. We compute the {pi} N and {pi}{Delta} one-loop contributions to the mass and field-normalization constant, and find that they can be described in terms of universal relativistic loop functions, multiplied by appropriate spin, isospin and coupling constants. We show that these relativistic one-loop corrections, when properly renormalized, obey the chiral power-counting and vanish in the chiral limit. The results including only the {pi} N-loop corrections compare favorably with the lattice QCD data for the pion-mass dependence of the nucleon and De masses, while inclusion of the {pi}/De loops tends to spoil this agreement.

V. Pascalutsa; M. Vanderhaeghen

2005-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

255

Investigating ICRF Core Physics with a Hybrid Method using {delta}f Particles  

SciTech Connect

Particle-in-cell simulations of ICRF core physics yield a significant amount of noise that can overwhelm the low amplitude signals associated with ICRH. To overcome this noise, we employ a hybrid approach that uses a fluid model for electrons and the delta-f particle-in-cell (DFPIC) method for ions. Noise is reduced to a level well below the amplitude of the signal and time steps are permitted to go beyond the electron time scales. With this formulation we have explored minority heating scenarios in Alcator C-Mod and high harmonic heating scenarios in NSTX. We can also employ the fluid model for both electrons and ions to investigate cold plasma scenarios. Here we examine ion test particles with particular attention paid to particle paths near resonance layers. We present our technique for investigating full particle orbits from a single toroidal mode expansion.

Austin, T. M.; Smithe, D. N. [Tech-X Corporation, 5621 Arapahoe Ave., Suite A, Boulder, CO 80303 (United States)

2011-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

256

Transport properties of InGaAs/GaAs Heterostructures with {delta}-doped quantum wells  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The lateral transport of electrons in single- and double-well pseudomorphic GaAs/n-InGaAs/GaAs heterostructures with quantum wells 50-100 meV deep and impurity {delta}-layers in the wells, with concentrations in the range 10{sup 11} electron mobility with an increase in the impurity concentration. The results obtained indicate that the impurity-band electron states play an important role in the conductivity of these structures. Involvement of the impurity band also allows to explain adequately the characteristics of the conductivity of double-well structures; in contrast to single-well structures, band bending caused by asymmetric doping is of great importance. The numerical calculations of conductivity within the model under consideration confirm these suggestions.

Baidus, N. V. [Nizhni Novgorod State University, Physical-Technical Research Institute (Russian Federation); Vainberg, V. V. [National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Institute of Physics (Ukraine); Zvonkov, B. N. [Nizhni Novgorod State University, Physical-Technical Research Institute (Russian Federation); Pylypchuk, A. S., E-mail: pylypchuk@iop.kiev.ua; Poroshin, V. N.; Sarbey, O. G. [National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Institute of Physics (Ukraine)

2012-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

257

gamma* N --> Delta at JLab: Exploring the High Q2 Regime  

SciTech Connect

We report a new measurement of the exclusive electroproduction reaction gamma* p --> pi0 p to explore the evolution from soft non-perturbative physics to hard processes via the Q2 dependence of the magnetic (M1+), electric (E1+) and scalar (S1+) multipoles in the N --> Delta transition. 9000 differential cross section data points cover W from threshold to 1.4 GeV/c2, 4pi center-of-mass solid angle, and Q2 from 3 to 6 GeV2/c2, the highest yet achieved. It is found that the magnetic form factor GM* decreases with Q2 more steeply than the proton magnetic form factor, the ratio E1+/M1+ is small and negative, indicating strong helicity non-conservation, and the ratio S1+/M1+ is negative, while its magnitude increases with Q2.

Maurizio Ungaro; Kyungseon Jo; Paul Stoler

2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Benefits of the delta K of depletion benchmarks for burnup credit validation  

SciTech Connect

Pressurized Water Reactor (PWR) burnup credit validation is demonstrated using the benchmarks for quantifying fuel reactivity decrements, published as 'Benchmarks for Quantifying Fuel Reactivity Depletion Uncertainty,' EPRI Report 1022909 (August 2011). This demonstration uses the depletion module TRITON available in the SCALE 6.1 code system followed by criticality calculations using KENO-Va. The difference between the predicted depletion reactivity and the benchmark's depletion reactivity is a bias for the criticality calculations. The uncertainty in the benchmarks is the depletion reactivity uncertainty. This depletion bias and uncertainty is used with the bias and uncertainty from fresh UO{sub 2} critical experiments to determine the criticality safety limits on the neutron multiplication factor, k{sub eff}. The analysis shows that SCALE 6.1 with the ENDF/B-VII 238-group cross section library supports the use of a depletion bias of only 0.0015 in delta k if cooling is ignored and 0.0025 if cooling is credited. The uncertainty in the depletion bias is 0.0064. Reliance on the ENDF/B V cross section library produces much larger disagreement with the benchmarks. The analysis covers numerous combinations of depletion and criticality options. In all cases, the historical uncertainty of 5% of the delta k of depletion ('Kopp memo') was shown to be conservative for fuel with more than 30 GWD/MTU burnup. Since this historically assumed burnup uncertainty is not a function of burnup, the Kopp memo's recommended bias and uncertainty may be exceeded at low burnups, but its absolute magnitude is small. (authors)

Lancaster, D. [NuclearConsultants.com, 187 Faith Circle, Boalsburg, PA 16827 (United States); Machiels, A. [Electric Power Research Inst., Inc., 3420 Hillview Avenue, Palo Alto, CA 94304 (United States)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Contributions of double-. delta. and other two-nucleon mechanisms to pionic pion production on the deuteron  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the deuteron, the simplest pion production mechanism is the quasifree process in which the pion is produced on a single nucleon, with the second nucleon acting as a spectator. More interesting mechanisms, however, are those in which both the nucleons are actively involved, as shown in Figs. 1b to 1d. In addition, there exist higher-order two-nucleon processes involving both ..pi..N and NN rescatterings. At T/sub ..pi../ > 250 MeV, there is evidence that the basic production could proceed via intermediate ..pi..N- and ..pi pi..-resonances, including the ..delta..(1232) resonance. Considering the fact that the ..pi..N rescattering can also proceed through the formation of a ..delta..(1232), we then have a situation in which two ..delta..(1232) can be simultaneously present. Recently, G.E. Brown et al. have proposed a double-..delta.. model to explain certain features of pion absorption by nuclei. It seems useful to further examine this mechanism by use of other nuclear reactions, such as the ..pi../sup -/d ..-->.. ..pi../sup +/..pi../sup -/nn reaction. In this report, we only briefly describe our calculations of the quasifree process and ..pi.. production followed by ..pi..N rescattering. We have also omitted the distortion of the incoming pion wave. This approximation should not affect our conclusion concerning the relative importance of the two diagrams studied. (WHK)

Liu, L.C.; Bhalerao, R.S.; Piasetzky, E.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Heat transfer augmentation along the tube wall of a louvered fin heat exchanger using practical delta winglets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Heat transfer augmentation along the tube wall of a louvered fin heat exchanger using practical surface of louvered fin heat exchangers. It is shown that delta winglets placed on louvered fins produce Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Keywords: Compact heat exchanger; Vortex generator; Louvered fins 1

Thole, Karen A.

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261

Urban Modification in a Mesoscale Model and the Effects on the Local Circulation in the Pearl River Delta Region  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Pearl River Delta (PRD) region, located in the southern part of Guangdong Province in China, is one of the most rapidly developing regions in the world. The evolution of local and regional sea-breeze circulation (SBC) is believed to be ...

Jeff C. F. Lo; Alexis K. H. Lau; Fei Chen; Jimmy C. H. Fung; Kenneth K. M. Leung

2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Results of toxicity tests and chemical analyses conducted on sediments collected from the TNX Outfall Delta Operable Unit, July 1999  

SciTech Connect

In order to provide unit specific toxicity data that will be used to address critical uncertainty in the ecological risk assessment (ERA) for the TNX Outfall Delta Operable Unit (TNXOD OU), sediments were collected from eight locations in the Inner Swamp portion of the operable unit and two unit specific background locations. These samples were analyzed for total mercury, total uranium, and sediment toxicity.

Specht, W.L.

2000-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

263

A 4th order continuous-time [Delta] [Epsilon] ADC with VCO-based integrator and quantizer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The use of a VCO-based integrator and quantizer within a continuous-time (CT) [Delta] [Epsilon] analog-to-digital converter (ADC) structure is explored, and a custom prototype in a 0.13 [mu]m CMOS with a measured performance ...

Park, Matthew Jeremiah

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Arachidonic Acid Accumulation and Delta-5 Desaturation in Felines After Feeding a Gamma-Linolenic Acid Enriched Diet  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Feline lipid metabolism is a topic for greater exploration due to this specie?s unique characteristics. Cats express limited Delta 6-desaturase activity necessary for conversion of linoleic acid (LA, 18:2n-6) to arachidonic acid (AA, 20:4n-6). The possibility exists that Gamma-linolenic acid (GLA, 18:3n-6) may serve as a precursor of AA in reproductive tissues especially if coupled with chain elongation and a functionally active Delta 5-desaturase. In addition no research has been conducted regarding feline reproductive Delta 8-desaturase activity as an alternate to the production of AA. To investigate desaturation activities, a group of 26 adult female cats were randomly assigned into 1 of 3 groups based on the diet fed: High Linoleic Acid (HL, n=7), Low Linoleic Acid (LL, n=9), and High Gamma-Linolenic Acid (GLA, n=10).The diets were fed for 300 days prior to ovariohysterectomy at which time EDTA plasma and ovarian, uterine, and subcutaneous adipose tissues were collected. Homogenates of each tissue were prepared and frozen in aliquots at -80 degrees C. Total lipids were extracted from the plasma and tissue homogenates followed by phospholipid (PL) fractionation via thin layer chromatography and fatty acid (FA) analyses by gas chromatography. The Shapiro-Wilks test was used to determine normal distribution of FA data followed by One-Way ANOVA and Tukey multiple comparisons (p<0.05). Plasma PLs were significantly increased in both GLA and dihomo-Gamma-linolenic acid (DGLA, 20:3n-6Delta8,11,14) in the GLA group and statistically increased in 20:2n-6 and 20:3n-6(Delta5,11,14) in the HL group. Uterine tissue homogenates had significantly increased amounts of DGLA and AA, however ovarian tissue showed an increase of only DGLA. Adipose tissue FAs showed significantly high amounts of DGLA in the GLA group. It is concluded that a high GLA diet results in increased AA in uterine, but not ovarian, tissues and thus may supply eicosanoid precursors in support of reproduction. The presence of increased amounts of 20:3n-6(Delta5,11,14) and not AA in the plasma and uterine tissues in the HL group suggests that Delta6-desaturase cannot be induced and that Delta8-desaturase is not active when feeding high dietary LA. Furthermore, the increase in DGLA may provide an adipose storage reservoir for additional conversion under times of metabolic need. These data support the presence of a functionally active Delta5-desaturase in uterine, but not ovarian, tissues. The findings also suggest that increased dietary GLA may be used to meet the AA requirements for reproduction in cats in the absence of an animal based pre-formed source of AA.

Chamberlin, Amy Jo

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Tourism development, rural livelihoods, and conservation in the Okavango Delta, Botswana  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This study analyzed changes in livelihoods before and after tourism development at Khwai, Mababe and Sankoyo villages in the Okavango Delta. Specifically, it analyzed how people interacted with species like giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis), sable antelope (Hippotragus niger) and thatching grass (Cymbopogon excavatus) before and after tourism development. This analysis was expected to measure the effectiveness of tourism development as a tool to improve livelihoods and conservation. The concept of social capital, sustainable livelihoods framework and the Community- Based Natural Resource Management (CBNRM) paradigm informed the study. Qualitative and quantitative data were gathered through field-based research, using tools of participant observation, semi-structured interviews, and key informant interviews. Results indicate that local customs and institutions at Khwai, Mababe and Sankoyo ensured the conservation of resources in pre-colonial Botswana. However, British colonial rule (1885-1966) affected traditional institutions of resource use hence the beginning of resource decline. The British colonial rule and the first 15-20 years after Botswana’s independence from British rule saw an increase in resource degradation. Results also indicate that since CBNRM began in the 1990s, tourism development has positive and negative effects on rural livelihoods. On the positive side, tourism development in some ways is achieving its goals of improved livelihoods and conservation. Residents’ attitudes towards tourism development and conservation have also become positive compared to a decade ago when these communities were not involved in tourism development. On the negative side, tourism is emerging as the single livelihood option causing either a decline or abandonment of traditional options like hunting and gathering and agricultural production. Reliance on tourism alone as a livelihood option is risky in the event of a global social, economic and political instability especially in countries where most tourists that visit the Okavango originate or in Botswana itself. There is need, therefore, for communities to diversify into domestic tourism and small-scale enterprises. On the overall, tourism development through CBNRM indicates that it is a viable tool to achieve improved livelihoods and conservation in the Okavango Delta.

Mbaiwa, Joseph Elizeri

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Quantifying the role of degasification subsidence in wetland loss -- Mississippi delta plain  

SciTech Connect

Modem and ancient delta plains in Louisiana that border the northern Gulf of Mexico are undergoing unprecedented rates of land loss. Subsidence due to compaction and loss of pore water is believed to be one of the primary land loss factors, whereas subsidence due to gas emission is generally believed to play a significant role only in the upper one or two meters of a wetland. Evidence to the contrary is presented here that suggests that degasification subsidence is a more important mechanism contributing to land loss than previously thought. In addition, potential degasification subsidence can be quantified if the depression from normal compressional and shear wave velocities is known. Velocity reductions of 30 to 75% from compressional wave velocity in water and extending to depths of tens of meters have been observed in a saltwater marsh in Louisiana. An order of magnitude reduction in velocity has been observed previously in gas-rich sediments on the adjacent continental shelf, where biogenic gas is observed to depths of 1 km or more. The ratio of normal to depressed compressional wave velocities is used to calculate potential degasification subsidence.

McGinnis, L.D.; Johnson, D.O.; Zimmerman, R.E. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Isaacson, H.R. [Gas Research Institute, Chicago, IL (United States); Penland, S.; Connor, P.F. [Louisiana State Geological Survey, Baton Rouge, LA (United States)

1991-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Integral representation of one dimensional three particle scattering for delta function interactions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Schr\\"{o}dinger equation, in hyperspherical coordinates, is solved in closed form for a system of three particles on a line, interacting via pair delta functions. This is for the case of equal masses and potential strengths. The interactions are replaced by appropriate boundary conditions. This leads then to requiring the solution of a free-particle Schr\\"{o}dinger equation subject to these boundary conditions. A generalized Kontorovich - Lebedev transformation is used to write this solution as an integral involving a product of Bessel functions and pseudo-Sturmian functions. The coefficient of the product is obtained from a three-term recurrence relation, derived from the boundary condition. The contours of the Kontorovich-Lebedev representation are fixed by the asymptotic conditions. The scattering matrix is then derived from the exact solution of the recurrence relation. The wavefunctions that are obtained are shown to be equivalent to those derived by McGuire. The method can clearly be applied to a larger number of particles and hopefully might be useful for unequal masses and potentials.

A. Amaya-Tapia; G. Gasaneo; S. Ovchinnikov; J. H. Macek; S. Y. Larsen

2004-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

268

Geothermics of Nile delta and southeast Mediterranean: Investigation and geothermal energy potential  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors collected 289 temperature readings from 66 exploratory wells randomly distributed in an area about 57,000 km{sup 2} from different rock units of Tertiary and Quaternary ages. The bottom-hole temperature (BHT) readings were corrected using an empirical equation based on actual static formation temperatures collected from the study area. The authors modified the Fertl and Wichmann method to apply to the study area. If the Fertl and Wichmann curve is applied, readings can be corrected using a deduced relation. The geothermal gradient for each well calculated used the best-fit method utilizing all recorded BHTs in that well. A new geothermal gradient map was constructed using the corrected BHT values. A genetic relationship between the geothermal gradient and lithology, tectonic setup, gas saturation, and water saturation of the subsurface formations in the Nile delta and southeast Mediterranean area was sought. Isothermal maps at different depths in the study area were constructed. Areas of relatively high subsurface temperature were delineated. The Abu Madi gas field as a case study for geothermal behavior was emphasized. The geothermal reservoirs in the study area as possible new and renewable energy resources were defined and classified as low-temperature reservoirs. Two geothermal reservoirs have been recorded: a shallow one associated with Mit Ghamr-El Wastani rock units and a deep one associated with abu Madi-Qawassim Formations.

Zein El-Din, M.Y.; Zaghloul, Z.M.; Khidr, I.H. (Al Azhar Univ., Cairo (Egypt))

1988-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Smooth crossover transition from the {delta}-string to the Y-string three-quark potential  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We comment on the assertion made by Caselle et al.[M. Caselle, G. Delfino, P. Grinza, O. Jahn, and N. Magnoli, J. Stat. Mech. (2006) P008.] that the confining (string) potential for three quarks 'makes a smooth crossover transition from the {delta}-string to the Y-string configuration at interquark distances of around 0.8 fm'. We study the functional dependence of the three-quark confining potentials due to a Y-string, and the {delta} string and show that they have different symmetries, which lead to different constants of the motion (i.e. they belong to different 'universality classes' in the parlance of the theory of phase transitions). This means that there is no 'smooth crossover' between the two, when their string tensions are identical, except at the vanishing hyper-radius. We also comment on a certain two-body potential approximation to the Y-string potential.

Dmitrasinovic, V.; Sato, Toru; Suvakov, Milovan [Vinca Institute of Nuclear Sciences, lab 010, P.O. Box 522, 11001 Beograd (Serbia); Department of Physics, Graduate School of Science, Osaka University, Toyonaka 560-0043 (Japan); Institute of Physics, Pregrevica 118, Zemun, P.O. Box 57, 11080 Beograd (Serbia)

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

An enhanced burst-polling based delta dynamic bandwidth allocation scheme for QoS over E-PONs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new burst-polling based delta dynamic bandwidth allocation (DBA) scheme is proposed for quality of services (QoS) using class of services (CoS) in Ethernet passive optical networks (E-PON). The proposed scheme consists of two parts: one is inter scheduling, ... Keywords: dynamic bandwidth allocation (DBA), ethernet passive optical networks (E-PON), quality-of-service (QoS)

Yeon-Mo Yang; Ji-Myong Nho; Byung-Ha Ahn

2004-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

An optical boiler generating singlet oxygen O{sub 2} (a{sup 1{Delta}}{sub g})  

SciTech Connect

An ecologically perfect generator of singlet oxygen O{sub 2} (a{sup 1{Delta}}{sub g}) is proposed which fundamentally differs from existing singlet-oxygen generators. Excited O{sub 2} (a{sup 1{Delta}}{sub g}) molecules are generated due to interaction of the O{sub 2} (X{sup 3}{Sigma}{sup -}{sub g}) molecules with a quasi-monochromatic field, which is supplied from an external source to a closed volume - an optical boiler containing oxygen. It is shown that, by pumping continuously the optical boiler by the light field of power {approx}3x10{sup 5} W, it is possible to accumulate up to 40% of singlet oxygen (O{sub 2}(b{sup 1}{Sigma}{sup +}{sub g})) + (O{sub 2} (a{sup 1}{Delta}{sub g})) in the boiler volume during {approx}10{sup -2} s. (laser applications and other topics in quantum electronics)

Lipatov, N I; Gulyamova, E S [A.M. Prokhorov General Physics Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow (Russian Federation); Biryukov, A S [Fiber Optics Research Center, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow (Russian Federation)

2008-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

272

Distribution, source apportionment, and transport of PAHs in sediments from the Pearl River Delta and the northern South China Sea  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) were measured in 59 surface sediments from rivers in the Pearl River Delta and the northern continental shelf of the South China Sea. Total PAH concentrations varied from 138 to 6,793 ng/g dry weight. The sources of PAH inputs to sediments in the Pearl River Delta were qualitatively and quantitatively determined by diagnostic ratios and principal components analysis with multiple linear regression. The results showed that on average coal and wood combustion, petroleum spills, vehicle emissions, and nature sources contributed 36%, 27%, 25%, and 12% of total PAHs, respectively. Coal and biomass combustion was the main source of PAHs in sediments of the South China Sea, whereas petroleum combustion was the main source of pyrolytic PAHs in riverine and estuarine sediments of the Pearl River Delta. Perylene was formed in situ in river sediments and then transported to coastal areas along with other PAHs. The relative abundance of perylene from five-ring PAHs can be used to estimate the contribution of riverine-discharged PAHs to coastal sediments.

Luo, X.J.; Chen, S.J.; Mai, B.X.; Sheng, G.Y.; Fu, J.M.; Zeng, E.Y. [Chinese Academy of Sciences, Ghangzhou (China)

2008-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

273

A proper time dependent measurement of delta M{sup D} using jet charge and soft lepton flavor tagging  

SciTech Connect

This thesis presents a proper time dependent measurement of the B{sup 0}{sub d} mixing frequency {Delta}m{sub d} using jet charge and soft lepton flavor tagging in p-{anti p} collisions at {radical}s=1.8 TeV. The measurement uses the inclusive e and {mu} trigger data of the CDF detector from an integrated luminosity of 91 pb{sup -1}. The proper time at decay is measured from a partial reconstruction of the B associated with the trigger lepton. The measurement of {Delta}m{sub d} yields {Delta}m{sub d}=0.50{+-}0.05{+-}0.05 {h_bar} ps{sup -1} where the first error is statistical and the second systematic. The flavor tagging methods used give a measured effective efficiency {epsilon}D{sup 2} of - Jet Charge: {epsilon}D{sup 2} = (0.78 {+-} 0.12 {+-} 0.09) % - Soft Lepton: {epsilon}D{sup 2} = (1.07 {+-} 0.09 {+-} 0.10) % where the first error is statistical and the second systematic.

O.R. Long

1999-01-26T23:59:59.000Z

274

A proper time dependent measurement of Delta M {sub D} using jet charge and soft lepton flavor tagging  

SciTech Connect

This thesis presents a proper time dependent measurement of the B{sup 0}{sub d} mixing frequency {Delta}M{sub d} using jet charge and soft lepton flavor tagging in p - {anti p} collisions at {radical}s = 1.8 TeV. The measurement uses the inclusive e and {mu} trigger data of the CDF detector from an integrated luminosity of 91 pb{sub -1}. The proper time at decay is measured from a partial reconstruction of the B associated with the trigger lepton. The measurement of {Delta}M{sub d} yields {Delta}M{sub d} = 0.50 {+-} 0.05 {+-} 0.05 {bar h} ps{sup -1} where the first error is statistical and the second systematic. The flavor tagging methods used give a measured effective efficiency {epsilon}D{sup 2} of o Jet Charge: {epsilon}D{sup 2} (0.78 + 0.12 + 0.09) % o Soft Lepton: {epsilon}D{sup 2} (1.07 + 0.09 + 0.10) % where the first error is statistical and the second systematic.

NONE

1998-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Formation of delta ferrite in 9 wt.% Cr steel investigated by in-situ X-ray diffraction using synchrotron radiation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In-situ X-ray diffraction (XRD) measurements using high energy synchrotron radiation were performed to monitor in real time the formation of delta ferrite in a martensitic 9 wt pct chromium steel under simulated weld thermal ...

Mayr, P.

276

Electronic structure of delta-doped La:SrTiO{sub 3} layers by hard x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We have employed hard x-ray photoemission (HAXPES) to study a delta-doped SrTiO{sub 3} layer that consisted of a 3-nm thickness of La-doped SrTiO{sub 3} with 6% La embedded in a SrTiO{sub 3} film. Results are compared to a thick, uniformily doped La:SrTiO{sub 3} layer. We find no indication of a band offset for the delta-doped layer, but evidence of the presence of Ti{sup 3+} in both the thick sample and the delta-layer, and indications of a density of states increase near the Fermi energy in the delta-doped layer. These results further demonstrate that HAXPES is a powerful tool for the non-destructive investigation of deeply buried doped layers.

Kaiser, A. M. [Department of Physics, University of California, Davis, California 95616 (United States); Materials Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States); Peter-Gruenberg-Institut PGI-6, Forschungszentrum Juelich, 52425 Juelich (Germany); Gray, A. X. [Department of Physics, University of California, Davis, California 95616 (United States); Materials Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States); Stanford Institute for Materials and Energy Sciences, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, California 94025 (United States); Conti, G.; Fadley, C. S. [Department of Physics, University of California, Davis, California 95616 (United States); Materials Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States); Jalan, B. [Materials Department, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106-5050 (United States); Department of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science, University of Minnesota, Twin Cities, Minnesota 55455 (United States); Kajdos, A. P.; Stemmer, S. [Materials Department, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106-5050 (United States); Gloskovskii, A. [Institut fuer Anorganische Chemie und Analytische Chemie, Johannes Gutenberg-Universitaet, 55099 Mainz (Germany); Ueda, S.; Yamashita, Y.; Kobayashi, K. [NIMS Beamline Station at SPring-8, National Institute for Materials Science, Hyogo 679-5148 (Japan); Drube, W. [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Notkestrasse 85, 22607 Hamburg (Germany)

2012-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

277

Comparative study of InGaP/GaAs high electron mobility transistors with upper and lower delta-doped supplied layers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Influence corresponding to the position of {delta}-doped supplied layer on InGaP/GaAs high electron mobility transistors is comparatively studied by two-dimensional simulation analysis. The simulated results exhibit that the device with lower {delta}-doped supplied layer shows a higher gate potential barrier height, a higher saturation output current, a larger magnitude of negative threshold voltage, and broader gate voltage swing, as compared to the device with upper {delta}-doped supplied layer. Nevertheless, it has smaller transconductance and inferior high-frequency characteristics in the device with lower {delta}-doped supplied layer. Furthermore, a knee effect in current-voltage curves is observed at low drain-to-source voltage in the two devices, which is investigated in this article.

Tsai, Jung-Hui, E-mail: jhtsai@nknucc.nknu.edu.tw; Ye, Sheng-Shiun [National Kaohsiung Normal University, Department of Electronic Engineering, Taiwan (China); Guo, Der-Feng [Air Force Academy, Kaohsiung, Department of Electronic Engineering, Taiwan (China); Lour, Wen-Shiung [National Taiwan Ocean University, Department of Electrical Engineering, Taiwan (China)

2012-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

278

Characterization of submicron aerosols at a rural site in Pearl River Delta of China using an Aerodyne High-Resolution Aerosol Mass Spectrometer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Pearl River Delta (PRD) region in South China is one of the most economically developed regions in China, but it is also noted for its severe air pollution due to industrial/metropolitan emissions. In order to continuously ...

Kroll, Jesse

279

O{sub 2}({sup 1}{delta}) production in flowing He/O{sub 2} plasmas. II. Two-dimensional modeling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In conventional chemical oxygen-iodine lasers (COIL) the 1.315 {mu}m transition in atomic iodine is pumped by a sequence of reactions of I{sub 2} and I with O{sub 2}({sup 1}{delta}) which is generated using liquid chemistry. Ongoing studies are investigating means to produce the O{sub 2}({sup 1}{delta}) precursor with an electric discharge (eCOIL) to enable a totally gas phase system. Due to the thermodynamic and power loading requirements, the plasma in eCOIL systems is sustained in a flow of a rare-gas diluent and the O{sub 2}. In previous investigations, the scaling of production of O{sub 2}({sup 1}{delta}) was investigated using global-kinetics and one-dimensional (1D) models. It was found that the production of O{sub 2}({sup 1}{delta}) scaled linearly with energy deposition for moderate loadings (a few eV/O{sub 2} molecule). In this paper, these previous investigations are extended to two-dimensions using a plasma hydrodynamics model. The goal of this investigation is to determine if multidimensional considerations affect energy scalings for production of O{sub 2}({sup 1}{delta}). We found that O{sub 2}({sup 1}{delta}) production generally does scale linearly with energy loading, however, the saturation of O{sub 2}({sup 1}{delta}) production occurs at lower-energy loadings than predicted with global and 1D models. This trend is a result of the more accurately depicted and more localized energy deposition afforded by the two-dimensional model, and emphasizes the need for volumetrically uniform power deposition to optimize O{sub 2}({sup 1}{delta}) production.

Arakoni, Ramesh; Stafford, D. Shane; Babaeva, Natalia Y.; Kushner, Mark J. [Department of Aerospace Engineering, University of Illinois, Urbana, Illinois 61801 (United States); Department of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, University of Illinois, Urbana, Illinois 61801 (United States); Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50011 (United States)

2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Demonstration of High Efficiency Elastocaloric Cooling with Large Delta- T Using NiTi Wires  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Vapor compression (VC) is by far the most dominant technology for meeting all cooling and refrigeration needs around the world. It is a mature technology with the efficiency of modern compressors approaching the theoretical limit, but its envi-ronmental footprint remains a global problem. VC refrigerants such as hydrochlo-roflurocarbons (HCFCs) and hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) are a significant source of green house gas (GHG) emissions, and their global warming potential (GWP) is as high as 1000 times that of CO2. It is expected that building space cooling and re-frigeration alone will amount to {approx} 5% of primary energy consumption and {approx}5% of all CO2 emission in U.S. in 2030 . As such, there is an urgent need to develop an al-ternative high-efficiency cooling technology that is affordable and environmentally friendly. Among the proposed candidates, magnetocaloric cooling (MC) is currently received a lot of attention because of its high efficiency. However, MC is inherently expensive because of the requirement of large magnetic field and rare earth materi-als. Here, we demonstrate an entirely new type of solid-state cooling mechanism based on the latent heat of reversible martensitic transformation. We call it elasto-caloric cooling (EC) after the superelastic transformation of austenite it utilizes. The solid-state refrigerant of EC is cost-effective, and it completely eliminates the use of any refrigerants including HCFCs/HFCs. We show that the COP (coefficient of per-formance) of a jugular EC with optimized materials can be as high as > 10 with measured {Delta}T of 17 C.

Cui, Jun; Wu, Yiming; Muehlbauer, Jan; Hwang, Yunho; Radermacher, Reinhard; Fackler, Sean; Wuttig, Manfred; Takeuchi, Ichiro

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

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281

Sandy River Delta Habitat Restoration : Annual Report, January 2008 - March 2009.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

During the period 2008-2009, there were 2 contracts with BPA. One (38539) was dealing with the restoration work for 2007 and the other (26198) was an extension on the 2006 contract including the NEPA for Dam removal on the old channel of the Sandy River. For contract 38539, the Sandy River Delta Habitat Restoration project continued its focus on riparian hardwood reforestation with less emphasis on wetlands restoration. Emphasis was placed on Sundial Island again due to the potential removal of the dike and the loss of access in the near future. AshCreek Forest Management was able to leverage additional funding from grants to help finance the restoration effort; this required a mid year revision of work funded by BPA. The revised work not only continued the maintenance of restored hardwood forests, but was aimed to commence the restoration of the Columbia River Banks, an area all along the Columbia River. This would be the final restoration for Sundial Island. The grant funding would help achieve this. Thus by 2011, all major work will have been completed on Sundial Island and the need for access with vehicles would no longer be required. The restored forests continued to show excellent growth and development towards true riparian gallery forests. Final inter-planting was commenced, and will continue through 2010 before the area is considered fully restored. No new wetland work was completed. The wetlands were filled by pumping in early summer to augment the water levels but due to better rainfall, no new fuel was required to augment existing. Monitoring results continued to show very good growth of the trees and the restoration at large was performing beyond expectations. Weed problems continue to be the most difficult issue. The $100,000 from BPA planned for forest restoration in 2008, was augmented by $25,000 from USFS, $120,000 from OR150 grant, $18,000 from LCREP, and the COE continued to add $250,000 for their portion. Summary of the use of these funds are displayed in Table 1 (page 5). Work on the restoration of the original Sandy River channel (dam removal, contract 26198) continued slowly. The draft EA was completed and sent out for review. The COE has decided to finish the NEPA with the intent to complete the project.

Dobson, Robin [USDA Forest Service, Columbia River Gorge National Scenic Area

2009-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

282

PEAT ACCRETION HISTORIES DURING THE PAST 6000 YEARS IN MARSHES OF THE SACRAMENTO - SAN JOAQUIN DELTA, CALIFORNIA, USA  

SciTech Connect

Peat cores were collected in 4 remnant marsh islands and 4 drained, farmed islands throughout the Sacramento - San Joaquin Delta of California in order to characterize the peat accretion history of this region. Radiocarbon age determination of marsh macrofossils at both marsh and farmed islands showed that marshes in the central and western Delta started forming between 6030 and 6790 cal yr BP. Age-depth models for three marshes were constructed using cubic smooth spline regression models. The resulting spline fit models were used to estimate peat accretion histories for the marshes. Estimated accretion rates range from 0.03 to 0.49 cm yr{sup -1} for the marsh sites. The highest accretion rates are at Browns Island, a marsh at the confluence of the Sacramento and San Joaquin rivers. Porosity was examined in the peat core from Franks Wetland, one of the remnant marsh sites. Porosity was greater than 90% and changed little with depth indicating that autocompaction was not an important process in the peat column. The mean contribution of organic matter to soil volume at the marsh sites ranges from 6.15 to 9.25% with little variability. In contrast, the mean contribution of inorganic matter to soil volume ranges from 1.40 to 8.45% with much greater variability, especially in sites situated in main channels. These results suggest that marshes in the Delta can be viewed as largely autochthonous vs. allochthonous in character. Autochthonous sites are largely removed from watershed processes, such as sediment deposition and scour, and are dominated by organic production. Allochthonous sites have greater fluctuations in accretion rates due to the variability of inorganic inputs from the watershed. A comparison of estimated vertical accretion rates with 20th century rates of global sea-level rise shows that currently marshes are maintaining their positions in the tidal frame, yet this offers little assurance of sustainability under scenarios of increased sea-level rise in the future.

Drexler, J Z; de Fontaine, C S; Brown, T A

2009-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

283

The analysis of an ungrounded Wye-Delta transformer bank serving an induction motor and single-phase lighting loads  

SciTech Connect

This paper documents the detailed analysis of the three-phase ungrounded wye-delta transformer bank serving a combination three-phase induction motor and single-phase lighting load. A 3 x 3 transfer function matrix is developed that makes it possible to determine the load line-to-line voltages with a knowledge of the primary voltages of the transformer bank. Included in the transfer function matrix are the transformer impedances, unsymmetrical secondary impedance matrix, and the impedances of the motor and single-phase lighting load.

Kersting, W.H.; Rathbun, J.S.

2000-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Thermodynamic quantities and defect equilibrium in La{sub 2-x}Sr{sub x}NiO{sub 4+{delta}}  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In order to elucidate the relation between thermodynamic quantities, the defect structure, and the defect equilibrium in La{sub 2-x}Sr{sub x}NiO{sub 4+{delta}}, statistical thermodynamic calculation is carried out and calculated results are compared to those obtained from experimental data. Partial molar enthalpy of oxygen and partial molar entropy of oxygen are obtained from delta-P(O{sub 2})-T relation by using Gibbs-Helmholtz equation. Statistical thermodynamic model is derived from defect equilibrium models proposed before by authors, localized electron model and delocalized electron model which could well explain the variation of oxygen content of La{sub 2-x}Sr{sub x}NiO{sub 4+{delta}}. Although assumed defect species and their equilibrium are different, the results of thermodynamic calculation by localized electron model and delocalized electron model show minor difference. Calculated results by the both models agree with the thermodynamic quantities obtained from oxygen nonstoichiometry of La{sub 2-x}Sr{sub x}NiO{sub 4+{delta}}. - Graphical abstract: In order to elucidate the relation between thermodynamic quantities, the defect structure, and the defect equilibrium in La{sub 2-x}Sr{sub x}NiO{sub 4+{delta}}, statistics thermodynamic calculation is carried out and calculated results are compared to those obtained from experimental data.

Nakamura, Takashi, E-mail: t-naka@mail.tagen.tohoku.ac.j [Institute of Multidisciplinary Research for Advanced Materials, Tohoku University, 2-1-1, Katahira, Aoba-Ku, Sendai 980-8577 (Japan); Yashiro, Keiji; Sato, Kazuhisa; Mizusaki, Junichiro [Institute of Multidisciplinary Research for Advanced Materials, Tohoku University, 2-1-1, Katahira, Aoba-Ku, Sendai 980-8577 (Japan)

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

285

O{sub 2}({sup 1}{delta}) production in flowing He/O{sub 2} plasmas. I. Axial transport and pulsed power formats  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Chemical oxygen-iodine lasers (COILs) have promising applications due to their high efficiency and ease of scaling to multikilowatt powers. Recent research has focused on pumping the iodine with O{sub 2}({sup 1}{delta}) produced by electric discharges. In a previous work, a global model was used to develop reaction mechanisms and determine the specific energy deposition (eV/O{sub 2}) required to obtain high O{sub 2}({sup 1}{delta}) yields for electric discharge COILs. Experiments have recently achieved positive laser gain and oscillation with these energy depositions and have highlighted the importance of axial expansion of the plasma in optimizing excitation of the O{sub 2}({sup 1}{delta}). In this work, the consequences of axial transport on O{sub 2}({sup 1}{delta}) yields have been computationally investigated in flowing He/O{sub 2} plasmas at a few Torrs using a one-dimensional plasma hydrodynamics and kinetics model. We show that the experimentally observed extension of the plasma glow upstream and downstream of the electrodes is due to electron diffusion and capacitive coupling of the radio-frequency power source. We also show that {approx_equal}50% higher O{sub 2}({sup 1}{delta}) yields can be achieved with a pulsed discharge combined with continuous-wave discharge.

Stafford, D. Shane; Kushner, Mark J. [Department of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, University of Illinois, Urbana, Illinois 61801 (United States); Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50011 (United States)

2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Habitat Evaluation Procedures (HEP) Report; Sandy River Delta, Technical Report 2000-2002.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Land managers are often challenged with the mandate to control exotic and invasive plant species. Reed canarygrass (Phalaris arundinacea) and Himalayan blackberry (Rubus discolor) are 2 such species that are currently threatening natural areas in western United States. Reed canarygrass may be native to the inland northwest (Antieau 2000), but it has invaded many wetland areas as dense, monoculture stands. Spread of this plant species is largely attributed to human disturbances, e.g., draining, farming (Antieau 2000). Reed canarygrass often dominates other emergent vegetation such as cattail (Typha spp.) and bulrush (Scirpus spp.) (Whitson et al. 1996, Apfelbaum and Sams 1987), and the resulting habitat is largely unsuitable for wetland birds. Himalayan blackberry was introduced to the United States as a garden shrub and was planted at wildlife-management areas for food and cover. It easily colonizes disturbed places, such as roadsides, ditches, and flood plains (Hoshovsky 2000). Once established, it forms a thick, impenetrable stand, which excludes native shrub species. Although Himalayan blackberry does provide food and cover for wildlife, particularly during fall and winter, it decreases habitat diversity, and therefore, may decrease wildlife diversity. Furthermore, patterns of avian nest predation may be altered in some exotic-shrub communities (Schmidt and Whelan 1999). For land managers to make sound decisions regarding invasive-plant control, it is useful to obtain information on current plant distributions in relation to targeted wildlife species, and then use models to predict how those species may respond to changes in vegetation. The Habitat Evaluations Program was developed by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service to evaluate current and future habitat conditions for fish and wildlife (Stiehl 1994). The program is based on Habitat Suitability Index (HSI) models for specific wildlife species. Each model contains several variables that represent life requisites (e.g., food and nesting cover) for that species. These variables are evaluated with vegetation sampling, and/or through the interpretation of aerial photographs and the like. Variable values are assigned a numerical score. The score may be based on a categorical rating (e.g . , different vegetation types receive different scores based on their importance for that species) or may be the result of a linear relationship (e.g., the score increases with the variable value; Figure 1). Variable scores are then input into a mathematical formula, which results in an HSI score. The HSI score ranges from 0-1, with 0 representing poor-quality habitat and 1 optimal habitat. HSI models assume a positive, linear relationship between wildlife-species density and the HSI score. For example, with an HSI score of 1, we assume that a species will be present at its highest density. Models can be projected into the future by changing variable values and observing the corresponding changes in HSI scores. Most models are relatively simple, but some are complex. These models have come under considerable scrutiny in the last several years, particularly concerning the validity of model assumptions (Van Horne 1983, Laymon and Barrett 1986, Hobbs and Hanley 1990, Kellner et al. 1992). Regardless of criticisms, these models may be used with success when there is an understanding and acceptance of model limitations. Each model should be evaluated as to its applicability in a given situation. Model validation, where results have on-the-ground verification, is highly recommended. Specific objectives of this project were to (1) conduct avian surveys and measure the present vegetation at the Sandy River Delta, (2) input the vegetation data into HSI models for 5 avian species, (3) evaluate the current habitat suitability for these species, and (4) predict species responses to potential changes in vegetation, resulting from the removal of reed canarygrass and/or Himalayan blackberry.

Rocklage, Ann; Ratti, John

2002-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Vector analyzing power of {pi}{sup +7}Li scattering in the region of the {delta}{sub 33} resonance  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Within Glauber diffraction theory, the vector analyzing power iT{sub 11} is calculated at three energies of positively charged pions, 134, 164, and 194 MeV, incident to {sup 7}Li nuclei. These energy values lie in the region of the {delta}{sub 33} resonance in {pi}{sup {+-}}N interaction, the resonance maximum being at 180 MeV. The calculation of iT{sub 11} was performed with several model {sup 7}Li wave functions, including the {alpha}t-cluster and shell-model ones. The properties of {pi}{sup +7}Li scattering are found to be sensitive to the structural features of the target nucleus. A comparison of the results of the calculations with experimental data shows that the wave functions in question and the potentials used to calculate them are quite appropriate.

Ibraeva, E. T. [National Nuclear Center of the Republic of Kazakhstan, Institute of Nuclear Physics (Kazakhstan); Zhusupov, M. A. [Kazakh State University, Institute of Experimental and Theoretical Physics (Kazakhstan); Zaykin, A. Yu. [National Nuclear Center of the Republic of Kazakhstan, Institute of Nuclear Physics (Kazakhstan); Imambekov, O. [Kazakh State University, Institute of Experimental and Theoretical Physics (Kazakhstan)

2006-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

288

Oxidation of delta-phase plutonium alloy: Corrosion kinetics in dry and humid air at 35 {degree}C  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Kinetic data for oxidation of delta-phase plutonium alloy are evaluated to provide a technical basis for assessing the merit of an existing time limitation on air exposure of components during process operations. Data describing the effects of humidity and oxygen pressure on the oxidation rate of the Pu-1.0 wt% Ga alloy at elevated temperatures are obtained from literature sources and used to predict the oxidation behavior of the alloy in air at 35 C and 0 to 100% relative humidity. A mandated six-hour limit on air exposure is inconsistent with a predicted thirty-day period required for formation of a 1-{micro}m-thick oxide layer in moisture-saturated air at 35 C. Relationships are defined for predicting kinetic behavior of the alloy at other conditions, and recommendations for addressing oxidation-related concerns in production are presented.

Haschke, J.M.

1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Low energy phenomena in a model with symmetry group SUSY SO(10) x $\\Delta$(48) x U(1)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fermion masses and mixing angles including that of neutrinos are studied in a model with symmetry group SUSY SO(10)\\times \\Delta (48) \\times U(1). Universality of Yukawa coupling of superfields is assumed. The resulting texture of mass matrices in the low energy region depends only on a single coupling constant and VEVs caused by necessary symmetry breaking. 13 parameters involving masses and mixing angles in the quark and charged lepton sector are successfully described by only five parameters with two of them determined by the scales of U(1), SO(10) and SU(5) symmetry breaking compatible with the requirement of grand unification and proton decay. The neutrino masses and mixing angles in the leptonic sector are also determined with the addition of a Majorana coupling term. It is found that LSND \\bar{\

Chou, K C

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Mechanical after-effect studies of oxygen relaxation in YBa sub 2 Cu sub 3 O sub 7-. delta  

SciTech Connect

YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 7{minus}{delta}} has an anelastic relaxation involving motion of an oxygen atom or defect. This relaxation has been studied with good agreement by more than seven investigating teams over the temperature range from 200 to 550{degrees}C using internal friction techniques. We have extended measurements of this relaxation to a new regime of temperature and relaxation time using the mechanical after-effect method. Our results cover an additional three orders of magnitude in relaxation time over the temperature range from 50 to 110{degrees}C. The Arrhenius plot, when combined with internal friction results, now covers eleven orders of magnitude in relaxation time. The fit gives an activation energy, Q=1.12 ({plus minus}0.015) and pre-exponential, {tau}{sub 0}=1.9 {times} 10{sup {minus}13} s. The isothermal mechanical relaxation curves we measured always spanned longer times than predicted for a simple exponential relaxation. This indicates that the process is controlled by a relatively wide spectrum of relaxation times. We have calculated best approximations of this spectrum by deconvoluting the mechanical after-effect curves. The resulting distribution is symmetrical in logarithm of the relaxation time with a width at half-height which is a factor of 20 in relaxation time. The significance of these findings is discussed in terms of our understanding of oxygen mobility in YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 7{minus}{delta}}. 16 refs., 5 figs.

Cost, J.R. (Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States)); Stanley, J.T. (Arizona State Univ., Tempe, AZ (United States))

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Epitaxial Strain-Induced Chemical Ordering in La0.5Sr0.5CoO3-delta Films on SrTiO3  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Fast ion conductors are at the foundation of a number of important technologies, ranging from fuel cells to batteries to gas separators. Recent results suggest that strained interfaces and thin films may offer new mechanisms for achieving enhanced ionic transport. In this work, we investigate strained 40-nm films of perovskite La{sub 0.5}Sr{sub 0.5}CoO{sub 3-{delta}}, which is an important material for solid oxide fuel cell cathodes and oxygen separation membranes. We demonstrate that a strained thin film of La{sub 0.5}Sr{sub 0.5}CoO{sub 3-{delta}} on SrTiO{sub 3} can have dramatically different anion and cation thermodynamics and kinetics than bulk La{sub 0.5}Sr{sub 0.5}CaO{sub 3-{delta}}. We use synchrotron X-ray diffraction to show that La{sub 0.5}Sr{sub 0.5}CoO{sub 3-{delta}} thin films form an ordered phase at 650 K. The ordered phase consists of La and Sr cations in planes parallel to the surface and is associated with coherent expansion in the c-direction of {approx}5%. This chemical ordering is not observed in the bulk material and is ascribed to the interplay between the epitaxial strain imposed by the substrate, changes in oxygen vacancy content and cation mobility, and the ordering of oxygen vacancies.

W Donner; C Chen; M Liu; A Jacobson; Y Lee; M Gadre; D Morgan

2011-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

292

Influence of defect formation as a result of incorporation of a Mn {delta} layer on the photosensitiviy spectrum of InGaAs/GaAs quantum wells  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The influence of defect formation upon the deposition of a Mn {delta} layer and a GaAs coating layer (with the use of laser evaporation) on the photosensitivity spectra of heterostructures with InGaAs/GaAs quantum wells located in the near-surface region has been studied.

Gorshkov, A. P., E-mail: gorskovap@phys.unn.ru; Karpovich, I. A.; Pavlova, E. D.; Kalenteva, I. L. [Lobachevsky State University of Nizhny Novgorod (Russian Federation)

2012-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

293

A measurement of the magnetic dipole moment of the. delta. /sup + +/(1232) from the bremsstrahlung process. pi. p. -->. pi. p. gamma  

SciTech Connect

We have measured the cross section from the bremsstrahlung process ..pi../sup +/p ..-->.. ..pi../sup +/p..gamma.. for incident pions of energy 299 MeV. We detected the out going pion in the angular range from 55 to 95/sup 0/ in the lab, and photons were detected near 240/sup 0/ in the lab. We compare this measured cross-section to the MIT theory in order to extract a measurement of the magnetic dipole moment of the ..delta../sup + +/(1232), ..mu../sub ..delta../. In order to compare our results with the MIT theory, we have folded the MIT theory into the acceptance of our apparatus. We find that for pion angles between 55 and 75/sup 0/ the theory gives us a dipole moment of: 2.3..mu../sub p/ < ..mu../sub ..delta../ < 3.3..mu../sup p/ where the quoted error arises from an experimental uncertainty of +-0.25..mu../sub p/ and from theoretical uncertainties of +-0.25 ..mu../sub p/. However, for pion angles between 75 and 95/sup 0/ we find that the MIT theory predicts a cross-section which is larger than our measured cross-section, and makes it difficult to extract a value of ..mu../sub ..delta../. This over prediction is not understood, but consistent with a similar effect when the MIT theory is fit to previous data. 78 figs., 29 tabs.

Meyer, C.A.

1987-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Relationship between Air Pollution in Hong Kong and in the Pearl River Delta Region of South China in 2003 and 2004: An Analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Air pollution in the Pearl River Delta (PRD) region of south China, which is one of the four regions in China most heavily affected by haze, is found to correlate with that of Hong Kong, indicating the regional nature of the Hong Kong problem. Of ...

Y. C. Lee; A. Savtchenko

2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Low-noise sigma-delta capacitance-to-digital converter for Sub-pF capacitive sensors with integrated dielectric loss measurement  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A sigma-delta capacitance-to-digital converter (CDC) with a resolution down to 19.3 aF at a bandwidth of 10 kHz, corresponding to a noise level of 0.2 aF/?Hz, is presented. An integrated dielectric loss measurement circuit by means of two parallel ...

Markus Bingesser; Teddy Loeliger; Werner Hinn; Johann Hauer; Stefan Mödl; Robert Dorn; Matthias Völker

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Excitation of the Delta(1232) isobar in deuteron charge exchange on hydrogen at 1.6, 1.8, and 2.3 GeV  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The charge-exchange break-up of polarised deuterons pol{d}p -> {pp}n, where the final {pp} diproton system has a very low excitation energy and hence is mainly in the 1S0 state, is a powerful tool to probe the spin-flip terms in the proton-neutron charge-exchange scattering. Recent measurements with the ANKE spectrometer at the COSY storage ring at 1.6, 1.8, and 2.27 GeV have extended these studies into the pion-production regime in order to investigate the mechanism for the excitation of the Delta(1232) isobar in the pol{d}p -> {pp}X reaction. Values of the differential cross section and two deuteron tensor analysing powers, A_{xx} and A_{yy}, have been extracted in terms of the momentum transfer to the diproton or the invariant mass Mx of the unobserved system X. The unpolarised cross section in the high Mx region is well described in a model that includes only direct excitation of the Delta isobar through undistorted one pion exchange. However, the cross section is grossly underestimated for low Mx, even when Delta excitation in the projectile deuteron is included in the calculation. Furthermore, direct Delta production through one pion exchange only reproduces the angular dependence of the difference between the two tensor analysing powers.

D. Mchedlishvili; S. Barsov; J. Carbonell; D. Chiladze; S. Dymov; A. Dzyuba; R. Engels; R. Gebel; V. Glagolev; K. Grigoryev; P. Goslawski; M. Hartmann; O. Imambekov; A. Kacharava; V. Kamerdzhiev; I. Keshelashvili; A. Khoukaz; V. Komarov; P. Kulessa; A. Kulikov; A. Lehrach; N. Lomidze; B. Lorentz; G. Macharashvili; R. Maier; S. Merzliakov; M. Mielke; M. Mikirtychyants; S. Mikirtychyants; M. Nioradze; H. Ohm; M. Papenbrock; D. Prasuhn; F. Rathmann; V. Serdyuk; H. Seyfarth; H. J. Stein; E. Steffens; H. Stockhorst; H. Ströher; M. Tabidze; S. Trusov; Yu. Uzikov; Yu. Valdau; C. Wilkin

2013-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

297

Ca{sub 3-x}La{sub x}Co{sub 4}O{sub 9+{delta}} (x=0, 0.3): New cobaltite materials as cathodes for proton conducting solid oxide fuel cell  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Misfit-type Ca{sub 3-x}La{sub x}Co{sub 4}O{sub 9+{delta}} (x=0, 0.3) oxides were synthesised to be evaluated as possible cathode materials for proton conducting fuel cells (PCFCs) based on BaCe{sub 0.9}Y{sub 0.1}O{sub 3-{delta}} (BCY10) dense ceramic electrolyte. The electrical conductivity value of Ca{sub 2.7}La{sub 0.3}Co{sub 4}O{sub 9+{delta}} ({sigma}{approx}53 S cm{sup -1} at 600 deg. C) is in the range of usually required value for a cathode application (about 50-100 S cm{sup -1}). In order to test the performance of each compound as cathode material, impedance measurements were carried out on Ca{sub 3-x}La{sub x}Co{sub 4}O{sub 9+{delta}}/BaCe{sub 0.9}Y{sub 0.1}O{sub 3-{delta}}/Ca{sub 3-x}La{sub x}Co{sub 4}O{sub 9+{delta}} symmetrical half cells over the temperature range 400-800 deg. C under wet air. A promising electrocatalytic activity has been observed with both compounds Ca{sub 3}Co{sub 4}O{sub 9+{delta}} and Ca{sub 2.7}La{sub 0.3}Co{sub 4}O{sub 9+{delta}}. Factually, the area specific resistance obtained was about 2.2 {Omega} cm{sup 2} at 600 deg. C. - Graphical abstract: Arrehnius plots of the ASR for Ca{sub 3}Co{sub 4}O{sub 9+{delta}} and Ca{sub 2.7}La{sub 0.3}Co{sub 4}O{sub 9+{delta}}.

Ben Yahia, Hamdi [CNRS, Universite de Bordeaux, ICMCB, 87, Avenue A. Schweitzer, 33608 Pessac Cedex (France); Mauvy, Fabrice, E-mail: mauvy@icmcb-bordeaux.cnrs.f [CNRS, Universite de Bordeaux, ICMCB, 87, Avenue A. Schweitzer, 33608 Pessac Cedex (France); Grenier, Jean Claude [CNRS, Universite de Bordeaux, ICMCB, 87, Avenue A. Schweitzer, 33608 Pessac Cedex (France)

2010-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

298

Correlation between electrical properties and thermodynamic stability of ACoO{sub 3-{delta}} perovskites (A= La, Pr, Nd, Sm, Gd)  

SciTech Connect

For perovskites with the general formula ACoO{sub 3-{delta}} (A = La, Pr, Nd, Sm, and Gd) the influence of the A-site cation on the electrical conductivity, electronic structure, thermodynamic stability, and oxygen stoichiometry was studied. The perovskite oxide powders were produced by a combined citric acid and ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid complexing method. Ceramic specimens sintered at 1100 deg. C in air were single-phase perovskites. With increasing temperature, the electrical conductivity shows three discrete regimes. All compositions show semiconductivity up to a transition temperature of {approx}300 deg. C-450 deg. C and then behave like metallic conductors. The activation energies for the semiconductivity, as well as the transition temperatures to the metallic-like conduction, decrease monotonically with increasing pseudocubic lattice parameters, i.e., with increasing ionic radii of the A cation. This behavior correlates with decreasing oxygen nonstoichiometry and increased thermodynamic stability. The highest conductivity and the lowest activation energy of 0.66 eV were found for LaCoO{sub 3-{delta},} which also had the lowest semiconductor-metal transition temperature at 269 deg. C, the lowest oxygen nonstoichiometry of {delta}= 0.008, and the highest Gibbs free energy change for the decomposition reaction of 42.37 kJ/mol at 850 deg. C. GdCoO{sub 3-{delta}} had the highest oxygen nonstoichiometry with {delta}0.032, a high activation energy of 1.19 eV for the semiconductivity with a high transition temperature at 452 deg. C, and the lowest Gibbs free energy change of 26.54 kJ/mol at 850 deg. C. X-ray absorption spectroscopy data imply an increasing Co low-spin character with decreasing cation radius from La to Gd, while an increase in temperature increases the number of holes or Co 3d bandwidth. This correlates well with the electrical conductivity data.

Scherrer, Barbara; Harvey, Ashley S.; Martynczuk, Julia; Gauckler, Ludwig J. [Department of Materials, ETH Zurich, Wolfgang-Pauli-Str. 10, 8093 Zurich (Switzerland); Tanasescu, Speranta; Teodorescu, Florina; Botea, Alina [Institute of Physical Chemistry ''Ilie Murgulescu,'' Splaiul Independentei 202, 060021 Bucharest (Romania); Conder, Kazimierz [Laboratory for Developments and Methods, Paul Scherrer Institut, 5232 Villigen-PSI (Switzerland); Grundy, A. Nicholas [Department of Materials, ETH Zurich, Wolfgang-Pauli-Str. 10, 8093 Zurich (Switzerland); CONCAST AG, Toedistrasse 9, 8027 Zurich (Switzerland)

2011-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

299

Assessment of transboundary environmental effects in the Pearl River Delta Region: Is there a role for strategic environmental assessment?  

SciTech Connect

China's EIA Law does not require transboundary proposals to be assessed, despite recognition of this globally, for example in the Espoo Convention and Kiev Protocol, and in the European EIA and SEA Directives. In a transboundary context assessment within a state is unusual, as regulating these effects is primarily about the relationship between states. However where a state has more than one legal system such as in the Pearl River Delta (PRD) Region of southern China, transboundary effects should also be addressed. Yet despite the geographical connections between Guangdong Province in mainland China (where the EIA Law applies) and the Hong Kong and Macau Special Administrative Regions (which have their own provisions, neither of which requires transboundary assessments), EIA and SEA are carried out separately. Coordinated or joint approaches to transboundary assessment are generally absent, with the legal autonomy of Hong Kong and Macau a major constraint. As a result institutional responses at the policy level have developed. The article considers global experiences with regulating transboundary EIA and SEA, and analyses potential application to land use, transport and air and water planning in the PRD Region. If applied, benefits may include prevention or mitigation of cumulative effects, broader public participation, and improvements to environmental governance. The PRD Region experience may encourage China to conduct and coordinate EIA and SEA processes with neighbouring states, which has been non-existent or extremely limited to date.

Marsden, Simon, E-mail: simon.marsden@flinders.edu.au

2011-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

300

Improvement of near-infrared absorption linewidth in AlGaN/GaN superlattices by optimization of delta-doping location  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We report a systematic study of the near-infrared intersubband absorption in AlGaN/GaN superlattices grown by plasma-assisted molecular-beam epitaxy as a function of Si-doping profile with and without {delta}-doping. The transition energies are in agreement with theoretical calculations including many-body effects. A dramatic reduction of the intersubband absorption linewidth is observed when the {delta}-doping is placed at the end of the quantum well. This reduction is attributed to the improvement of interface roughness. The linewidth dependence on interface roughness is well reproduced by a model that considers the distribution of well widths measured with transmission electron microscopy.

Edmunds, C.; Cervantes, M.; Malis, O. [Department of Physics, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907 (United States); Tang, L.; Shao, J.; Li, D. [Department of Physics, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907 (United States); Birck Nanotechnology Center, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907 (United States); Gardner, G. [Birck Nanotechnology Center, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907 (United States); School of Materials Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907 (United States); Zakharov, D. N. [Birck Nanotechnology Center, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907 (United States); Manfra, M. J. [Department of Physics, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907 (United States); Birck Nanotechnology Center, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907 (United States); School of Materials Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907 (United States); School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907 (United States)

2012-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

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301

Heat Shock Protein 27-Targeted Heptapeptide of the PKC{Delta} Catalytic V5 Region Sensitizes Tumors With Radio- and Chemoresistance  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Purpose: Previous data suggest that the PKC{delta} catalytic V5 (PKC{delta}-V5) heptapeptide (HEPT) (FEQFLDI) binds HSP27 and blocks HSP27-mediated radio- or chemoresistance. Here we investigated further the in vivo function of the PKC{delta}-V5 HEPT. Methods and Materials: Labeling of HEPT with Cy5.5 or fluorescein isothiocyanate was performed to evaluate in vitro or in vivo distribution of HEPT. A clonogenic survival assay, flow cytometry, and Western blotting of cleaved caspase-3 were performed to determine in vitro sensitization effects of HEPT plus ionizing radiation (IR) versus IR alone or those of HEPT plus cisplatin(Cis) versus Cis alone. A nude mouse xenografting system was also applied to detect in vivo sensitizing effects of HEPT. Results: HEPT efficiently bound to HSP27 and showed sensitization after combined treatment with IR versus treatment with Cis alone in NCI-H1299 lung carcinoma cells, with higher HSP27 expression, which was similar to that of combined treatment with IR or with Cis alone in NCI-H460 lung carcinoma cells with lower HSP27 expression. In vivo image analysis using Cy5.5-labeled HEPT showed that HEPT was retained in HSP27-overexpressing cancer cells after xenografting to nude mice. Combined treatment of HEPT with IR versus that with Cis alone in xenografted mice showed that HEPT increased radio- or chemosensitization in NCI-H1299 cells compared to that in mice xenografted with NCI-H460 cells. Conclusions: The novel PKC{delta}-V5 HEPT may help overcome HSP27-mediated radio- or chemoresistance.

Lee, Hae-June [Division of Radiation Effects, Korea Institute of Radiological and Medical Sciences, Seoul 136-706 (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Eun-Ho [Division of Radiation Effects, Korea Institute of Radiological and Medical Sciences, Seoul 136-706 (Korea, Republic of); School of Life Sciences and Biotechnology, Korea University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Seo, Woo Duck [Department of Functional Crops, NICS, RDA, Miryang 627-803 (Korea, Republic of); Choi, Tae Hyun; Cheon, Gi-Jeong [Molecular Imaging Research Center, Korea Institute of Radiological and Medical Sciences, Seoul 136-706 (Korea, Republic of); Lee, Yoon-Jin [Division of Radiation Effects, Korea Institute of Radiological and Medical Sciences, Seoul 136-706 (Korea, Republic of); Lee, Yun-Sil, E-mail: yslee0425@ewha.ac.k [College of Pharmacy and Division of Life Science and Pharmaceuticals, Ewha Womans University, Seoul 120-750 (Korea, Republic of)

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Out-of-plane negative magnetoresistance of Bi{sub 2}Sr{sub 1.6}La{sub 0.4}CuO{sub 6+{delta}} single crystals in the underdoped region  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In order to investigate a relationship between the carrier concentration and negative magnetoresistance in the underdoped region, they have performed out-of-plane electrical resistivity measurements for underdoped Bi{sub 2}Sr{sub 1.6}La{sub 0.4}CuO{sub 6+{delta}} single crystals. Giant negative magnetoresistance has been observed in the most abundant carrier sample with {delta} = 0.12 in the experiment. The negative magnetoresistance reduces with decreasing carrier concentration.

Akazawa, Teruhiko; Ikeda, Hiroshi; Ozawa, Norihiko; Kouno, Hideki; Yoshizaki, Ryozo

1999-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

High resolution sequence stratigraphic and reservoir characterization studies of D-07, D-08 and E-01 sands, Block 2 Meren field, offshore Niger Delta  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Meren field, located offshore Niger Delta, is one of the most prolific oil-producing fields in the Niger Delta. The upper Miocene D-07, D-08 and E-01 oil sands comprise a series of stacked hydrocarbon reservoirs in Block 2 of Meren field. These reservoir sandstones were deposited in offshore to upper shoreface environments. Seven depositional facies were identified in the studied interval, each with distinct lithology, sedimentary structures, trace fossils, and wire-line log character. The dominant lithofacies are (1) locally calcite-cemented highly-bioturbated, fine-grained sandstones, (middle to lower shoreface facies); (2) cross-bedded, fine- to medium-grained well-sorted sandstones (upper shoreface facies); (3) horizontal to sub-horizontal laminated, very-fine- to fine-grained sandstone (delta front facies); (4) massive very-fine- to fine-grained poorly-sorted sandstone (delta front facies); (5) muddy silt- to fine-grained wavy-bedded sandstone (lower shoreface facies); (6) very-fine- to fine-grained sandy mudstone (lower shoreface facies); and (7) massive, silty shales (offshore marine facies). Lithofacies have distinct mean petrophysical properties, although there is overlap in the range of values. The highest quality reservoir deposits are cross-bedded sands that were deposited in high-energy upper shoreface environments. Calcite cements in lower shoreface facies significantly reduce porosity and permeability. Integration of core and wire-line log data allowed porosity and permeability to be empirically determined from bulk density. The derived equation indicated that bulk density values could predict 80% of the variance in core porosity and permeability values. Three parasequence sets were interpreted, including one lower progradational and two upper retrogradational parasequence sets. The progradational parasequence set consists of upward-coarsening delta front to upper shoreface facies, whereas the upward-fining retrogradational parasequence sets are composed of middle to lower shoreface deposits overlain by offshore marine shales. The limited amount of core data and the relatively small area of investigation place serious constraints on stratigraphic interpretations. Two possible sequence stratigraphic interpretations are presented. The first interpretation suggests the deposits comprise a highstand systems tract overlain by a transgressive systems tract. A lowstand systems tract is restricted to an incised valley fill at the southeastern end of the study area. The alternate interpretation suggests the deposits comprise a falling stage systems tract overlain by transgressive systems tract.

Esan, Adegbenga Oluwafemi

2002-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

A measurement of. Delta. sigma. sub L (np), the difference between neutron-proton total cross sections in pure longitudinal spin states  

SciTech Connect

A measurement off {Delta}{sigma}{sub L}(np), the difference between neutron-proton total cross sections in pure longitudinal spin states, is described. The results will help determine the isospin-zero (I = 0) scattering amplitudes, which are not well known above laboratory energies of 500 MeV, whereas the isospin-one (I = 1) amplitudes are fairly well-determined to 1 GeV. Data points were taken at the Los Alamos Meson Physics Facility (LAMPF) at Los Alamos, New Mexico, for five neutron beam energies: 484, 568, 634,720 and 788 MeV; they are the first in this energy range. Polarized neutrons were produced by charge-exchange of polarized protons on a liquid deuterium target (LD{sub 2}). Large-volume neutron counters detected the neutrons that passed through a polarized proton target. The counters subtended a range of solid angles large enough to allow extrapolation of the scattered neutrons to 0{degree}. Two modifications to the LAMPF accelerator system which were made for this work are described. They included a beam buncher,'' which modified the normal rf-time structure of the proton beam and allowed for the selection of peak-energy neutrons by time-of-flight means, and a computerized beam steering program, which reduced systematic effects due to beam motion at the LD{sub 2} target. The experimental values of {Delta}{sigma}{sub L}(np) are found to be consistent with other np data, including preliminary data from SIN and Saclay, but not with some results from Argonne which used a polarized proton beam and a polarized deuteron target. The I = 0 component was extracted from {Delta}{sigma}{sub L}(np) using existing pp data (I = 1), with the unexpected result that {Delta}{sigma}{sub L}(I = 0) was found to be essentially identical in shape to {Delta}{sigma}{sub L}(I = 1). The significance of this is not yet understood.

Beddo, M.E.

1990-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

delta-Approximable Functions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we study several notions of approximability of functions in the framework of the BSS model. Denoting with ¿¿M the function computed by a BSS machine M when its comparisons are against -¿ rather than 0, we study ...

Charles Meyssonnier; Paolo Boldi; Sebastiano Vigna

2000-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Seasonal variations of aerosol optical properties, vertical distribution and associated radiative effects in the Yangtze Delta Region of China  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Four years of columnar aerosol particle optical properties (2006 to 2009) and one year database worth of aerosol particle vertical profile of 527 nm extinction coefficient (June 2008 to May 2009) are analyzed at Taihu in the central Yangtze Delta region in eastern China. Seasonal variations of aerosol optical properties, vertical distribution, and influence on shortwave radiation and heating rates were investigated. Multiyear variations of aerosol optical depths (AOD), Angstrom exponents, single scattering albedo (SSA) and asymmetry factor (ASY) are analyzed, together with the vertical profile of aerosol extinction. AOD is largest in summer and smallest in winter. SSAs exhibit weak seasonal variation with the smallest values occurring during winter and the largest during summer. The vast majority of aerosol particles are below 2 km, and about 62%, 67%, 67% and 83% are confined to below 1 km in spring, summer, autumn and winter, respectively. Five-day back trajectory analyses show that the some aerosols aloft are traced back to northern/northwestern China, as far as Mongolia and Siberia, in spring, autumn and winter. The presence of dust aerosols were identified based on the linear depolarization measurements together with other information (i.e., back trajectory, precipitation, aerosol index). Dust strongly impacts the vertical particle distribution in spring and autumn, with much smaller effects in winter. The annual mean aerosol direct shortwave radiative forcing (efficiency) at the bottom, top and within the atmosphere are -34.8 {+-} 9.1 (-54.4 {+-} 5.3), -8.2 {+-} 4.8 (-13.1 {+-} 1.5) and 26.7 {+-} 9.4 (41.3 {+-} 4.6) W/m{sup 2} (Wm{sup -2} T{sup -1}), respectively. The mean reduction in direct and diffuse radiation reaching surface amount to 109.2 {+-} 49.4 and 66.8 {+-} 33.3 W/m{sup 2}, respectively. Aerosols significantly alter the vertical profile of solar heating, with great implications for atmospheric stability and dynamics within the lower troposphere.

Liu, Jianjun; Zheng, Youfei; Li, Zhanqing; Flynn, Connor J.; Cribb, Maureen

2012-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

307

Vietnam HEU Removal | National Nuclear Security Administration  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

commander gives instructions prior to departing in a convoy carrying highly enriched uranium. Facebook Twitter Youtube Flickr Headlines Jul 23, 2013 US, New Zealand...

308

Vietnam HEU Removal | National Nuclear Security Administration  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

soldiers receive instructions prior to departing in a convoy carrying highly enriched uranium. Facebook Twitter Youtube Flickr Headlines Jul 23, 2013 US, New Zealand...

309

Mauritian Cuisine Tet Holiday in Vietnam  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

this small nation has grown and become a country filled with pride. What is Azerbaijan? Gulsabah Atakishiyeva Apr. 20 Azerbaijan is a country which little have been said and heard of. Yet it has a long history "What is Azerbaijan?" will create a picture of the country, briefly touching history and geography

Pringle, James "Jamie"

310

BBSLA – Vietnam (031510) Vietnamese (Global Version ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... kinh doanh chu?n m?c c?a công nghi?p vi tính. ... ???C CHUY?N T?I D??I HÌNH TH?C NGUYÊN V?N HO?C ... Các H?ng M?c Bên Th? Ba và D?ch ...

2012-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

311

Induced proton polarization for pi^0 electroproduction at Q^2 = 0.126 (GeV/c)^2 around the Delta(1232) resonance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present the first measurement of the induced proton polarization P_n in pi^0 electroproduction on the proton around the Delta resonance. The measurement was made at a central invariant mass and a squared four-momentum transfer of W=1231 MeV and Q^2 = 0.126 (GeV/c)^2, respectively. We measured a large induced polarization, P_n = -0.397 +/- 0.055 +/- 0.009. The data suggest that the scalar background is larger than expected from a recent effective Hamiltonian model.

Bates OOPS; FPP Collaborations; :; G. A. Warren

1999-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

312

Beam-helicity asymmetry in associated electroproduction of real photons $ep \\to e\\gamma \\pi N$ in the $\\Delta$-resonance region  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The beam-helicity asymmetry in associated electroproduction of real photons, $ep\\to e\\gamma \\pi N$, in the $\\Delta$(1232)-resonance region is measured using the longitudinally polarized HERA positron beam and an unpolarized hydrogen target. Azimuthal Fourier amplitudes of this asymmetry are extracted separately for two channels, $ep\\to e\\gamma \\pi^0 p$ and $ep\\to e\\gamma \\pi^+ n$, from a data set collected with a recoil detector. All asymmetry amplitudes are found to be consistent with zero.

Airapetian, A; Aschenauer, E C; Augustyniak, W; Avakian, R; Avetissian, A; Avetisyan, E; Blok, H P; Böttcher, H; Borissov, A; Bowles, J; Brodski, I; Bryzgalov, V; Burns, J; Capitani, G P; Cisbani, E; Ciullo, G; Contalbrigo, M; Dalpiaz, P F; Deconinck, W; De Leo, R; De Sanctis, E; Diefenthaler, M; Di Nezza, P; Düren, M; Ehrenfried, M; Elbakian, G; Ellinghaus, F; Etzelmüller, E; Fabbri, R; Frullani, S; Gapienko, G; Gapienko, V; García, J Garay; Garibaldi, F; Gavrilov, G; Gharibyan, V; Giordano, F; Gliske, S; Hartig, M; Hasch, D; Holler, Y; Hristova, I; Ivanilov, A; Jackson, H E; Joosten, S; Kaiser, R; Karyan, G; Keri, T; Kinney, E; Kisselev, A; Korotkov, V; Kozlov, V; Kravchenko, P; Krivokhijine, V G; Lagamba, L; Lapikás, L; Lehmann, I; Lenisa, P; Lorenzon, W; Lu, X -G; Ma, B -Q; Mahon, D; Makins, N C R; Manaenkov, S I; Mao, Y; Marianski, B; Marukyan, H; Miller, C A; Miyachi, Y; Movsisyan, A; Muccifora, V; Murray, M; Mussgiller, A; Naryshkin, Y; Nass, A; Negodaev, M; Nowak, W -D; Pappalardo, L L; Perez-Benito, R; Petrosyan, A; Reimer, P E; Reolon, A R; Riedl, C; Rith, K; Rosner, G; Rostomyan, A; Rubin, J; Ryckbosch, D; Salomatin, Y; Schäfer, A; Schnell, G; Seitz, B; Shibata, T -A; Stahl, M; Statera, M; Steffens, E; Steijger, J J M; Stewart, J; Stinzing, F; Taroian, S; Terkulov, A; Truty, R; Trzcinski, A; Tytgat, M; Van Haarlem, Y; Van Hulse, C; Vikhrov, V; Vilardi, I; Wang, S; Yaschenko, S; Ye, Z; Yen, S; Zagrebelnyy, V; Zihlmann, B; Zupranski, P

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

A Multidisciplinary Investigation of the Intermediate Depths of the Atlantic Ocean: AAIW delta^13C Variability During the Younger Dryas and Lithoherms in the Straits of Florida  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A transect of cores ranging from 798 m to 1585 m water depth in the South Atlantic Ocean document the relative intermediate water mass nutrient geometry and stable isotopic variability of AAIW during the Younger Dryas cooling event. The data reveal concurrent delta^13 C and delta^18 O excursions of 0.59 ppt and 0.37 ppt within the core of Antarctic Intermediate Water (AAIW) centered at 11,381 calendar years before present based on radiometric age control. A portion of the delta^1 3C variability (0.22 ppt) can be explained by a shift in thermodynamic equilibrium concurrent with a drop in temperature of 1.8°C at the locus of AAIW formation. The remaining 0.37 ppt increase in delta^13 C most likely resulted from increased wind velocities, and a greater coupling between the ocean and the atmosphere at the locus of AAIW formation (increased efficiency of the thermodynamic process). Deepwater coral mounds are aggregates of corals, other organisms, their skeletal remains, and sediments that occur on the seafloor of the world’s oceans. In the Straits of Florida, these features have been referred to as lithoherms. We use digital, side-scan sonar data collected from the submarine NR-1 from an 10.9 km^2 area at ~650 m water depth to characterize quantitatively aspects of the morphology of 216. Their lengths, widths, heights, areas, orientations and concentration on the seafloor have been determined. Analysis indicates that the outlines of relatively small to medium sized lithoherms can be effectively described with a piriform function. This shape is less applicable to the largest lithoherms because they are aggregates of smaller lithoherms. Nearly all of the lithoherms studied have axes parallel to the northward flowing Florida Current, and the heads of 80 percent of these features face into the current. The shape and orientation of the lithoherms, and evidence of megaripples and scouring in the sonar data suggest that these features are formed by a unidirectional current. Following an extensive investigation of over 200 lithoherms via side-scan sonar imagery and direct observation, we have developed a qualitative model for the formation of the lithoherm type of deep-water coral mounds in the Straits of Florida. Lithoherm formation can be characterized by four main stages of development: nucleating, juvenile, mature singular, and fused. Fused lithoherms can form via transverse and/or longitudinal accretion, however, transverse accretion at the head of the mound is likely the most efficient mechanism. A comparison of lithoherm spatial relationship to local bathymetry agrees with previous observations of deep-water coral mound formations along the levied margins of density flow scour channels.

Brookshire, Brian

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Excitation of the Delta(1232) isobar in deuteron charge exchange on hydrogen at 1.6, 1.8, and 2.3 GeV  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The charge-exchange break-up of polarised deuterons pol{d}p -> {pp}n, where the final {pp} diproton system has a very low excitation energy and hence is mainly in the 1S0 state, is a powerful tool to probe the spin-flip terms in the proton-neutron charge-exchange scattering. Recent measurements with the ANKE spectrometer at the COSY storage ring at 1.6, 1.8, and 2.27 GeV have extended these studies into the pion-production regime in order to investigate the mechanism for the excitation of the Delta(1232) isobar in the pol{d}p -> {pp}X reaction. Values of the differential cross section and two deuteron tensor analysing powers, A_{xx} and A_{yy}, have been extracted in terms of the momentum transfer to the diproton or the invariant mass Mx of the unobserved system X. The unpolarised cross section in the high Mx region is well described in a model that includes only direct excitation of the Delta isobar through undistorted one pion exchange. However, the cross section is grossly underestimated for low Mx, even w...

Mchedlishvili, D; Carbonell, J; Chiladze, D; Dymov, S; Dzyuba, A; Engels, R; Gebel, R; Glagolev, V; Grigoryev, K; Goslawski, P; Hartmann, M; Imambekov, O; Kacharava, A; Kamerdzhiev, V; Keshelashvili, I; Khoukaz, A; Komarov, V; Kulessa, P; Kulikov, A; Lehrach, A; Lomidze, N; Lorentz, B; Macharashvili, G; Maier, R; Merzliakov, S; Mielke, M; Mikirtychyants, M; Mikirtychyants, S; Nioradze, M; Ohm, H; Papenbrock, M; Prasuhn, D; Rathmann, F; Serdyuk, V; Seyfarth, H; Stein, H J; Steffens, E; Stockhorst, H; Ströher, H; Tabidze, M; Trusov, S; Uzikov, Yu; Valdau, Yu; Wilkin, C

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

A new method for the spectroscopic identification of stellar non-radial pulsation modes. II. Mode identification of the Delta Scuti star FG Virginis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a mode identification based on new high-resolution time-series spectra of the non-radially pulsating Delta Scuti star FG~Vir (HD 106384, V = 6.57, A5V). From 2002 February to June a global Delta Scuti Network (DSN) campaign, utilizing high-resolution spectroscopy and simultaneous photometry has been conducted for FG~Vir in order to provide a theoretical pulsation model. In this campaign we have acquired 969 Echelle spectra covering 147 hours at six observatories. The mode identification was carried out by analyzing line profile variations by means of the Fourier parameter fit method, where the observational Fourier parameters across the line are fitted with theoretical values. This method is especially well suited for determining the azimuthal order m of non-radial pulsation modes and thus complementary with the method of Daszynska-Daszkiewicz (2002) which does best at identifying the degree l. 15 frequencies between 9.2 and 33.5 c/d were detected spectroscopically. We determined the azimuthal order m of 12 modes and constrained their harmonic degree l. Only modes of low degree (l <= 4) were detected, most of them having axisymmetric character mainly due to the relatively low projected rotational velocity of FG Vir. The detected non-axisymmetric modes have azimuthal orders between -2 and 1. We derived an inclination of 19 degrees, which implies an equatorial rotational rate of 66 km/s.

W. Zima; D. Wright; J. Bentley; P. L. Cottrell; U. Heiter; P. Mathias; E. Poretti; H. Lehmann; T. J. Montemayor; M. Breger

2006-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

316

Comparison of characteristics of {Delta}{sup 0}(1232) produced in p{sup 12}C and d{sup 12}C collisions at 4.2 A GeV/c  

SciTech Connect

Reconstructed momentum, transverse momentum, kinetic energy, rapidity, and emission angle distributions along with their mean values were compared for {Delta}{sup 0}(1232) resonances produced in p{sup 12}C and d{sup 12}C collisions at 4.2 A GeV/c. Mean momentum, transverse momentum, and rapidity of protons and negative pions coming from {Delta}{sup 0}(1232) decay were extracted and compared with the corresponding mean values for protons and {pi}{sup -} mesons in experiment and the relevant model calculations.

Olimov, Kh. K., E-mail: olimov@comsats.edu.pk; Haseeb, Mahnaz Q., E-mail: mahnazhaseeb@comsats.edu.pk; Khan, Imran [COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Department of Physics (Pakistan)

2012-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

317

Crystal Growth And Characterization of the Model High-Temperature Superconductor HgBa{sub 2}CuO{sub 4+{delta}}  

SciTech Connect

Since the discovery of high-transition-temperature (T{sub c}) superconductivity in La{sub 2-x}Ba{sub x}CuO{sub 4} in 1986, the study of the lamellar copper oxides has remained at the forefront of condensed matter physics. Apart from their unusually high values of T{sub c}, these materials also exhibit a variety of complex phenomena and phases. This rich behavior is a consequence of the lamellar crystal structures, formed of copper-oxygen sheets separated by charge reservoir layers, and of the strong electron-electron correlations in the copper-oxygen sheets. After two decades of intensive research, which has stimulated many valuable new insights into correlated electron systems in general, there remains a lack of consensus regarding the correct theory for high-T{sub c} superconductivity. The ultimate technological goal of room-temperature superconductivity might only be attained after the development of a deeper understanding of the mercury-based compounds HgBa{sub 2}Ca{sub n-1}Cu{sub n}OI{sub 2n+2+{delta}}, which currently exhibit the highest T{sub c}values. One very important issue in this regard is the role of electronic versus chemical and structural inhomogeneities in these materials, and the associated need to separate material-specific properties from those that are essential to superconductivity. Unfortunately, there has been remarkably little scientific work on the mercury-based compounds because sizable crystals have not been available; quantitative measurements of any kind would be invaluable benchmarks for testing the theories of high-T{sub c} superconductivity. The compounds HgBa{sub 2}Ca{sub n-1}Cu{sub n}OI{sub 2n+2+{delta}} can be viewed as model systems not only because of their record high-T{sub c} values, but also because of their high-symmetry crystal structures. Of particular interest is the simplest member of this materials family, HgBa{sub 2}CuO{sub 4+{delta}} (Hg1201), which possesses only one copper-oxygen sheet per unit cell (n = 1), as shown schematically in Figure 1a. The largest crystals obtained by previous growth methods do not exceed 1 mm{sup 3}, and hence are insufficient in size for detailed studies by many experimental techniques. Here we report a novel recipe for the growth of Hg1201 crystals as well as detailed sample characterization results, including initial inelastic magnetic neutron scattering data. We note that samples grown by the method described here have already enabled recent optical conductivity, inelastic X-ray scattering, and angle-resolved photoemission studies.

Zhao, Xudong; Yu, Guichuan; Cho, Yong-Chan; Chabot-Couture, Guillaume; Barisic, Neven; Bourges, Philippe; Kaneko, Nobuhisa; Li, Yuan; Lu, Li; Motoyama, Eugene M.; Vajk, Owen P.; Greven, Martin; /Stanford U., Appl. Phys. Dept. /SLAC, SSRL /Jilin U. /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /Saclay /NIST, Wash., D.C.

2007-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

318

Ecology of Juvenile Salmon in Shallow Tidal Freshwater Habitats in the Vicinity of the Sandy River Delta, Lower Columbia River, 2008 Annual Report.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The tidal freshwater monitoring (TFM) project reported herein is part of the research, monitoring, and evaluation effort developed by the Action Agencies (Bonneville Power Administration, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers [USACE], and the U.S. Bureau of Reclamation) in response to obligations arising from the Endangered Species Act (ESA) as a result of operation of the Federal Columbia River Power System. The project is being performed under the auspices of the Northwest Power and Conservation Council's Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Program (Project No. 2005-001-00). The research is a collaborative effort among the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, the Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife, the National Marine Fisheries Service, and the University of Washington. The overarching goal of the TFM project is to bridge the gap in knowledge between tidal freshwater habitats and the early life history attributes of migrating salmon. The research questions include: In what types of habitats within the tidal freshwater area of the Columbia River are juvenile salmon found, when are they present, and under what environmental conditions? What is the ecological contribution of shallow (0-5 m) tidal freshwater habitats to the recovery of ESA-listed salmon in the Columbia River basin? Field data collection for the TFM project commenced in June 2007 and since then has continued monthly at six to nine sites in the vicinity of the Sandy River delta (river kilometer 192-208). While this report includes summary data spanning the 19-month period of study from June 2007 through December 2008, it highlights sampling conducted during calendar year 2008. Detailed data for calendar year 2007 were reported previously. The 2008 research objectives were as follows: (1) Characterize the vegetation composition and percent cover, conventional water quality, water surface elevation, substrate composition, bathymetry, and beach slope at the study sites within the vicinity of the Sandy River delta. (2) Characterize the fish community and juvenile salmon migration, including species composition, length-frequency distribution, density (number/m{sup 2}), and temporal and spatial distributions in the vicinity of the Sandy River delta in the lower Columbia River and estuary (LCRE). (3) Determine the stock of origin for juvenile Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) captured at sampling sites through genetic identification. (4) Characterize the diets of juvenile Chinook and coho (O. kisutch) salmon captured within the study area. (5) Estimate run timing, residence times, and migration pathways for acoustic-tagged fish in the study area. (6) Conduct a baseline evaluation of the potential restoration to reconnect the old Sandy River channel with the delta. (7) Apply fish density data to initiate a design for a juvenile salmon monitoring program for beach habitats within the tidal freshwater segment of the LCRE (river kilometer 56-234).

Sather, NK; Johnson, GE; Storch, AJ [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

2009-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

319

Busy period, time of the first loss of a customer and the number of customers in $ M^{\\varkappa}|G^{\\delta}|1|B$  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A two-sided exit problem is solved for a difference of a compound Poisson process and a compound renewal process. More precisely, the Laplace transforms of the joint distribution of the first exit time, the value of the overshoot and the value of a linear component at this instant are found. Further, we study the process reflected in its supremum. We determine the main two-boundary characteristics of the process reflected in its supremum. These results are then applied for studying the $ M^{\\varkappa}|G^{\\delta}|1|B$ system. We derive the distribution of a busy period and the numbers of customers in the system in transient and stationary regimes. The advantage is that these results are in a closed form, in terms of resolvent sequences of the process.

Kadankova, Tetyana; Veraverbeke, Noel

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Ecology of Juvenile Salmonids in Shallow Tidal Freshwater Habitats in the Vicinity of the Sandy River Delta, Lower Columbia River, 2007 Annual Report.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This document is the first annual report for the study titled 'Ecology of Juvenile Salmonids in Shallow Tidal Freshwater Habitats in the Vicinity of the Sandy River Delta in the Lower Columbia River'. Hereafter, we refer to this research as the Tidal Freshwater Monitoring (TFM) Study. The study is part of the research, monitoring, and evaluation effort developed by the Action Agencies (Bonneville Power Administration, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, U.S. Bureau of Reclamation) in response to obligations arising from the Endangered Species Act as a result of operation of the Federal Columbia River Power System (FCRPS). The project is performed under the auspices of the Northwest Power and Conservation Council's Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Program. The goal of the 2007-2009 Tidal Freshwater Monitoring Study is to answer the following questions: In what types of habitats within the tidal freshwater area of the lower Columbia River and estuary (LCRE; Figure 1) are yearling and subyearling salmonids found, when are they present, and under what environmental conditions?1 And, what is the ecological importance2 of shallow (0-5 m) tidal freshwater habitats to the recovery of Upper Columbia River spring Chinook salmon and steelhead and Snake River fall Chinook salmon? Research in 2007 focused mainly on the first question, with fish stock identification data providing some indication of Chinook salmon presence at the variety of habitat types sampled. The objectives and sub-objectives for the 2007 study were as follows: (1) Habitat and Fish Community Characteristics-Provide basic data on habitat and fish community characteristics for yearling and subyearling salmonids at selected sites in the tidal freshwater reach in the vicinity of the Sandy River delta. (1a) Characterize vegetation assemblage percent cover, conventional water quality, substrate composition, and beach slope at each of six sampling sites in various tidal freshwater habitat types. (1b) Determine fish community characteristics, including species composition, abundance, and temporal and spatial distributions. (1c) Estimate the stock of origin for the yearling and subyearling Chinook salmon captured at the sampling sites using genetic analysis. (1d) Statistically assess the relationship between salmonid abundance and habitat parameters, including ancillary variables such as temperature and river stage. (2) Acoustic Telemetry Monitoring-Assess feasibility of applying Juvenile Salmon Acoustic Telemetry System (JSATS) technology to determine migration characteristics from upriver of Bonneville Dam through the study area (vicinity of the Sandy River delta/Washougal River confluence). (2a) Determine species composition, release locations, and distributions of JSATS-tagged fish. (2b) Estimate run timing, residence times, and migration pathways for these fish. Additionally, both objectives serve the purpose of baseline research for a potential tidal rechannelization project on the Sandy River. The U.S. Forest Service, in partnership with the Bonneville Power Administration and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, is currently pursuing reconnection of the east (relict) Sandy River channel with the current channel to improve fish and wildlife habitat in the Sandy River delta. Our study design and the location of sampling sites in this reach provide baseline data to evaluate the potential restoration.

Sobocinski, Kathryn; Johnson, Gary; Sather, Nichole [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

2008-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

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321

Vacancy related defects in La{sub 0.5}Sr{sub 0.5}CoO{sub 3-{delta}} thin films  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Laser ablated La{sub 0.5}Sr{sub 0.5}CoO{sub 3-{delta}} thin films have been studied by Doppler-broadening-detected positron annihilation using a variable-energy positron beam. The oxygen partial pressure during cooling from the growth temperature was altered through the range 760 torr to 10{sup -5} torr to change the oxygen non-stoichiometry of the films. The measured Doppler broadened lineshape parameter S was found to increase with increasing oxygen nonstoichiometry. For films cooled with an oxygen partial pressure of {le} 10{sup -4} Torr positron trapping to monovacancy type defects is inferred. For the film cooled in 10{sup -5} torr oxygen the magnitude of the increase in S, with respect to that measured from the film cooled in 760 Torr oxygen, showed positron trapping to vacancy cluster defects was occurring.

Keeble, D.J. [Univ. of Dundee (United Kingdom). Carnegie Lab. of Physics; Krishnan, A. [Michigan Technological Univ., Houghton, MI (United States). Dept. of Physics; Nielsen, B. [Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States)] [and others

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

322

Transmission Electron Microscope Study on Electrodeposited Gd2O3 and Gd2Zr2O7 Buffer Layers forYBa2Cu307-..delta.. Superconductors  

SciTech Connect

We have investigated the microstructures of electrodeposited Gd{sub 2}O{sub 3} (GO) and Gd{sub 2}Zr{sub 2}O{sub 7} (GZO) buffer layers for YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 7-{delta}} (YBCO) superconductors with conventional transmission electron microscopy (TEM). A high density of nanoscale voids was present in the GZO buffer layers. No voids were observed in GO buffer layers grown on GZO. YBCO superconductor grown on the GO/GZO buffer layer structure produced a critical current density (J{sub c}) of 3.3 x 10{sup 6} A/cm{sup 2} at 77 K in zero field.

Zhao, W.; Norman, A.; Phok, S.; Bhattacharya, R.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Ecology of Juvenile Salmonids in Shallow Tidal Freshwater Habitats in the Vicinity of the Sandy River Delta, Lower Columbia River, 2007  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This document is the first annual report for the study titled “Ecology of Juvenile Salmonids in Shallow Tidal Freshwater Habitats in the Vicinity of the Sandy River Delta in the Lower Columbia River.” Hereafter, we refer to this research as the Tidal Freshwater Monitoring (TFM) Study. The study is part of the research, monitoring, and evaluation effort developed by the Action Agencies (Bonneville Power Administration, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, U.S. Bureau of Reclamation) in response to obligations arising from the Endangered Species Act as a result of operation of the Federal Columbia River Power System (FCRPS). The project is performed under the auspices of the Northwest Power and Conservation Council’s Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Program.

Sobocinski, Kathryn L.; Johnson, Gary E.; Sather, Nichole K.; Storch, Adam; Jones, Tucker A.; Mallette, Christine; Dawley, Earl M.; Skalski, John R.; Teel, David; Moran, Paul

2008-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

324

Electronic Structure Theory of the Ground State and Photoemission Spectra of Non-Magnetic {delta}-Pu, fcc-Am, and Pu-Am Alloys  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The around-the-mean-field version of the LDA+U correlated band theory is applied to investigate the electronic and magnetic structure of d-Pu, Am, their alloys and compounds. It gives correct non-magnetic ground state for Pu and Am, and provides a good agreement with experimental equilibrium volumes and bulk moduli. For Pu-Am alloys, despite a lattice expansion caused by the Am atoms, neither tendency to 5f localization nor formation of local magnetic moments on Pu atoms in Pu-Am alloys are found. In order to access the experimental photoelectron spectra, we developed a straightforward and efficient procedure to perform dynamical mean-field (DMFT) calculations on the top of the static mean-field LDA+U approximation. Starting from self-consistent LDA+U ground state we included multiplet transitions using the Hubbard-I approximation. We obtained fairly good agreement with experimental photoelectron spectra of {delta}-Pu, Am, Pu0.25Am0.75 alloy, PuTe, and AmX (X=N,Sb). Our calculations show the importance of electron correlations beyond those which are included in conventional (LDA/GGA) band theory for Pu and Am based systems. Furthermore, we have shown that the three narrow features observed in the valence band spectra of Pu and majority of Pu compounds can be identified with the most intense atomic excitations (multiplets). The calculations explain that the atomic-like excitations can be observed even if the 5f states are not fully localized as in {delta}-Pu, and the atomic character fixes the characteristic energies such that similar features are found in spectra of diverse Pu systems. (authors)

Shick, Alexander; Drchal, Vaclav [Condensed Matter Theory, Institute of Physics, Academy of Sciences of Czech Republic, Prague (Czech Republic); Havela, Ladislav [Charles University, CS-121 16 Prague (Czech Republic); Kolorenc, Jindrich [Condensed Matter Theory, Institute of Physics, Academy of Sciences of Czech Republic, Prague (Czech Republic)]|[Department of Physics, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina (United States)

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Spectral temperatures of {Delta}{sup 0}(1232) resonances produced in p{sup 12}C and d{sup 12}C collisions at 4.2 GeV/c per nucleon  

SciTech Connect

The reconstructed experimental transverse momentum (p{sub t}) distributions of {Delta}{sup 0}(1232) resonances produced in p{sup 12}C and d{sup 12}C collisions at 4.2 A GeV/c and the corresponding spectra calculated using Modified FRITIOF model were analyzed in the framework of Hagedorn Thermodynamic Model. The spectral temperatures of {Delta}{sup 0}(1232) resonances were extracted from fitting their p{sub t} spectra with one-temperature Hagedorn function. The extracted spectral temperatures of {Delta}{sup 0}(1232) were compared with the corresponding temperatures of {pi}{sup -} mesons in p{sup 12}C and d{sup 12}C collisions at 4.2 A GeV/c obtained similarly from fitting the p{sub t} spectra of {pi}{sup -} by one-temperature Hagedorn function. The spectral temperatures of {Delta}{sup 0}(1232) resonances agreed within uncertainties with the corresponding temperatures of {pi}{sup -} mesons produced in p{sup 12}C and d{sup 12}C collisions at 4.2 A GeV/c.

Khan, Imran; Olimov, Kh. K., E-mail: olimov@comsats.edu.pk [COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Department of Physics (Pakistan)

2013-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

326

A strange history of Vietnam: the history of the Vietnam War through film.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??History is being taught by film and as a result many people obtain an "Impression" of history and learn incomplete or in some cases biased… (more)

Foster, Jason Everitt

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Flux penetration in bicrystal-substrate thin-film YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 7{minus}{delta}} Josephson junctions  

SciTech Connect

We experimentally investigate the effect of flux penetration into the electrodes of a thin-film YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 7{minus}{delta}} grain boundary Josephson junction using the field-dependent critical current as a probe. Above a temperature-dependent threshold field for flux trapping we observe that the maximum critical current I{sub c}{sup max} is reduced, and occurs at an applied field H{sub peak} shifted from zero. The critical current also has an increasingly complex field-dependent structure. Despite this complexity, we experimentally find that I{sub c}{sup max} follows a simple power law H{sub peak}{sup {minus}0.30}. We present a model that predicts I{sub c}{sup max}{proportional_to}H{sub peak}{sup {minus}1/3} due to fluxons trapped in the electrodes. {copyright} {ital 1997 American Institute of Physics.}

Hinaus, B.M.; Redwing, R.D.; Rzchowski, M.S. [Department of Physics and Applied Superconductivity Center, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin 53706 (United States)] [Department of Physics and Applied Superconductivity Center, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin 53706 (United States)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Swift heavy ion irradiation-induced microstructure modification on two delta-phase oxides: Sc4Zr3O12 and Lu4Zr3O12  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Swift gold ions (185 MeV) were used to systematically investigate the radiation damage response of delta phase compounds Sc{sub 4}Zr{sub 3}O{sub 12} and Lu{sub 4}Zr{sub 3}O{sub 12} in the electronic energy loss regime. Ion irradiation-induced microstructural modifications were examined using X-ray diffraction (XRD) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). XRD investigations indicate a phase transformation from ordered rhombohedral to disordered fluorite (O-D) in both compounds, with the Sc compound transforming at a higher ion fluence compared with the Lu compound. This result is consistent with our previous study on Sc{sub 4}Zr{sub 3}O{sub 12} and Lu{sub 4}Zr{sub 3}O{sub 12} under displacive radiation environment in which the nuclear energy loss is dominant. High resolution TEM revealed that individual ion tracks maintains crystalline structure where the core region experiences an O-D phase transformation. TEM observation also suggests that the O-D phase transformation occurs through the ion range after overlapping of ion tracks.

Tang, Ming [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Zhang, Jian [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Uberuaga, Blas P [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Sickafus, Kurt E [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Reichhardt, Cynthia J [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Kluth, Patrick [AUSTRALIA; Maulik, Patel [INDIA

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Electrodeposited Gd2Zr2O7 and Gd2O3 Buffer Layers for YBa2Cu3O7-..delta.. Superconductors  

SciTech Connect

Non-vacuum electrodeposition (ED) was used to prepare a biaxially textured Gd{sub 2}Zr{sub 2}O{sub 7} (GZO) and GZO/Gd{sub 2}O{sub 3} (GO) buffer layer on a Ni-W substrate. The YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 7-{delta}} (YBCO) superconductor was deposited by pulsed-laser deposition (PLD) on a simplified ED-GZO and ED-GZO/ED-GO buffer layer. The buffer layers and YBCO superconductor were characterized by X-ray diffraction (including {theta}/2{theta}, pole figure, omega scans, and phi scans) and atomic force microscopy. Full-width at half maximum values of the omega ({omega}) and phi ({phi}) scans of the electrodeposited GZO and GZO/GO layer were better than those of the Ni-W base substrate. At 77 K and a self-magnetic field, the critical current density of PLD YBCO on the electrodeposited-based buffer layer was 3.3 x 10{sup 6} A/cm{sup 2}, using the field criterion of 1 {micro}V/cm.

Bhattacharya, R. N.; Phok, S.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Characterizing transport current defects in 1-cm-wide YBa[sub 2]Cu[sub 3]O[sub 7-delta] coated conductors.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We have used a low temperature magnetic imaging system to determine current pathways in 5 cm long 'good' and 'bad' regions of a 1-cm-wide YBa2Cu3O7-{delta} coated conductor. The good and bad regions were identified with 4 point probe measurements taken at 1 cm intervals along the tape length. The current density map from the good region showed the expected edge peaked structure, similar to that seen in previous work on high quality test samples grown on single crystal substrates. The structure was also consistent with theoretical understanding of thin film superconductors where demagnetizing effects are strong. The maps from the bad region showed that the current was primarily confined to the right half of the sample. The left half carried only a small current that reached saturation quickly. Effectively halving the sample width quantitatively explains the critical current measured in that section. Spatially resolved xray analysis with 1 mm resolution was used to further characterize the bad section and suggested an abnormally large amount of a-axis YBCO present. This may be the result of non-uniform heating leading to a low deposition temperature in that area.

Brown, G. W. (Geoffrey W.); Hawley, M. E. (Marilyn E.); Peterson, E. J. (Eric J.); Coulter, J. Y. (James Y.); Dowden, P. C. (Paul C.); Arendt, P. N. (Paul N.); Foltyn, S. R. (Stephen R.); Mueller, F. M. (Fred M.)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Flux creep and critcal-current anisotropy in Bi/sub 2/Sr/sub 2/CaCu/sub 2/O/sub 8+//sub delta/  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We have studied magnetic relaxation, temperature dependence of the critical currents, magnetic irreversibility, and lower critical fields in single crystals of the high-T/sub c/ superconductor Bi/sub 2/Sr/sub 2/CaCu/sub 2/O/sub 8+//sub delta/ (idealized composition) through magnetization measurements. The results are analyzed within the framework of the critical state and a thermally activated flux-creep model. The results indicate three different critical curents and flux-creep rates depending on the relative orientation of the current, the field, and the Cu-O planes. The flux-creep rate for flux lines moving perpendicular to the planes, was found to be unobservably low. Similarly, the critical current density perpendicular to the planes was very low. However the critical current density in the plane and the flux-pinning well depth U/sub 0/, for fluxon motion parallel to the planes, are similar to the values found in Y-Ba-Cu-O. Implications of insulating layers between the Cu-O planes are discussed.

Biggs, B.D.; Kunchur, M.N.; Lin, J.J.; Poon, S.J.; Askew, T.R.; Flippen, R.B.; Subramanian, M.A.; Gopalakrishnan, J.; Sleight, A.W.

1989-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Predominantly Superconducting Origin of Large Energy Gaps in Underdoped Bi{sub 2} Sr{sub 2} CaCu{sub 2 }O{sub 8+ {delta}} from Tunneling Spectroscopy  

SciTech Connect

New tunneling data are reported in Bi{sub 2}Sr {sub 2}CaCu{sub 2}O{sub 8+{delta}} which show quasiparticle excitation gaps, {Delta}, reaching values as high as 60thinspthinspmeV for underdoped crystals with T{sub c}=70 K . These energy gaps are nearly 3thinspthinsptimes larger than those of overdoped crystals with similar T{sub c} . Despite the large differences in gap magnitude, the tunneling spectra display qualitatively similar characteristics over the entire doping range. Detailed examination of the spectra, including the Josephson I{sub c}R{sub n} product measured in break junctions, indicates that these energy gaps are predominantly of superconducting origin. {copyright} {ital 1999} {ital The American Physical Society}

Miyakawa, N.; Zasadzinski, J.F.; Ozyuzer, L.; Guptasarma, P.; Hinks, D.G.; Gray, K.E. [Materials Science Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States)] [Materials Science Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States); Miyakawa, N. [Department of Applied Physics, Science University of Tokyo, Kagurazaka 1-3, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 162-8601 (Japan)] [Department of Applied Physics, Science University of Tokyo, Kagurazaka 1-3, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 162-8601 (Japan); Zasadzinski, J.F. [Illinois Institute of Technology, Chicago, Illinois 60616 (United States)] [Illinois Institute of Technology, Chicago, Illinois 60616 (United States); Ozyuzer, L. [Department of Physics, Izmir Institute of Technology, TR-35230 Izmir (Turkey)] [Department of Physics, Izmir Institute of Technology, TR-35230 Izmir (Turkey); Kendziora, C. [Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, D.C. 20375 (United States)] [Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, D.C. 20375 (United States)

1999-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

A measurement of hadron production cross sections for the simulation of accelerator neutrino beams and a search for muon-neutrino to electron-neutrino oscillations in the delta m**2 about equals 1-eV**2 region  

SciTech Connect

A measurement of hadron production cross-sections for the simulation of accelerator neutrino beams and a search for muon neutrino to electron neutrino oscillations in the {Delta}m{sup 2} {approx} 1 eV{sup 2} region. This dissertation presents measurements from two different high energy physics experiments with a very strong connection: the Hadron Production (HARP) experiment located at CERN in Geneva, Switzerland, and the Mini Booster Neutrino Experiment (Mini-BooNE) located at Fermilab in Batavia, Illinois.

Schmitz, David W.; /Columbia U.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Capacity Building on Promoting Sustainable Development in the GMS | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Promoting Sustainable Development in the GMS Promoting Sustainable Development in the GMS Jump to: navigation, search Name Capacity Building on Promoting Sustainable Development in the GMS Agency/Company /Organization AIT-UNEP Regional Resource Centre for Asia and the Pacific Sector Energy, Land Topics Implementation, Policies/deployment programs, Background analysis Resource Type Guide/manual Website http://www.rrcap.unep.org/nsds Country Cambodia, China, Laos, Thailand, Vietnam, Myanmar UN Region South-Eastern Asia References Capacity Building in GMS[1] Summary "The study assesses the state of sustainable development strategies (SDS) in the Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS) - within each of the six member-countries and in the subregion as a whole - with a view towards identifying appropriate improvements that would bring about strong national

335

The I{sub C}R{sub N} value in intrinsic Josephson tunnel junctions in Bi{sub 2}Sr{sub 2}CaCu{sub 2}O{sub 8+{delta}} (Bi2212) mesas.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The c-axis current-voltage I(V) characteristics have been obtained on a set of mesas of varying height sculpted on Bi{sub 2}Sr{sub 2}CaCu{sub 2}O{sub 8+{delta}} (Bi2212) crystals intercalated with HgB{sub 2}. The intercalation, along with the small number of junctions in the mesa, N = 6-30, minimizes the degree of self-heating, leading to a consistent Josephson critical current, I{sub C}, among junctions in the mesa. The Bi2212 crystals with a bulk T{sub C} = 74 K are overdoped and display negligible pseudogap effects allowing an accurate measure of the normal state resistance, R{sub N}. These properties make the mesas nearly ideal for the determination of the Josephson I{sub C}R{sub N} product. We find I{sub C}R{sub N} values consistently {approx}30% of the quasiparticle gap parameter, {Delta}/e, which was measured independently using a mechanical contact, break junction technique. The latter was necessitated by higher bias heating effects in the mesas which prevented direct measurements of the superconducting gap. These values are among the highest reported and may represent the maximum intrinsic value for I{sub C}R{sub N}. The results indicate that the c-axis transport is a mixture of coherent and incoherent tunneling.

Kurter, C.; Ozyuzer, L.; Zasadzinski, J. F.; Hinks, D. G.; Gray, K. E. (Materials Science Division); (Illinois Inst. of Tech.); (Izmir Inst. of Tech.); (Univ. of Maryland)

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Phytoplankton fuels Delta food web  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

biomass — CALIFORNIA AGRICULTURE, VOLUME 57 , NUMBER 4 and therefore the food supplyand biomass in many aquatic systems. A low nutrient supply

Jassby, Alan D.; Cloern, James E.; Müller-Solger, Anke B.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

The aptitude of barium and bismuth to form layered cuprates: Bi sub 2 Ba sub 2 minus x La sub x CuO sub 6+. delta. , a 2201-type structure. [Title compound is not a superconductor  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A bismuth barium cuprate, Bi{sub 2}Ba{sub 2{minus}x}La{sub x}CuO{sub 6 + {delta}} with a layered structure has been synthesized for the first time for 0.50 {le} x {le} 1. This oxide is isotypic with 2201 Bi{sub 2}Sr{sub 2}CuO{sub 6} superconductor, i.e., corresponds to the intergrowth of single BaCuO{sub 3} perovskite layers with triple ((BiO){sub 2}BaO) {proportional to} layers. The modulated character of the structure is documented and the possibility of inducing superconductivity in this structural type is discussed.

Pham, A.Q.; Hervieu, M.; Michel, C.; Raveau, B. (Lab CRISMAT-Associe au CNRS, Caen (France))

1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Effect of point-like disorder on the vortex phase diagram in Bi{sub 2}Sr{sub 2}CaCu{sub 2}O{sub 8-{delta}} in oblique field.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The phase diagram of vortex matter in the layered superconductor Bi{sub 2}Sr{sub 2}CaCu{sub 2}O{sub 8-{delta}} exposed to a magnetic field oblique to the crystalline c-axis contains two first order transition (FOT) lines. The first, H{sub FOT}{sup m}, separates the vortex solid from the vortex liquid, the second, H{sub FOT}{sup ct}, separates the combined lattice state in the vortex solid from a tilted lattice state. The angular dependence of H{sub FOT}{sup m} in the tilted lattice region follows the anisotropic Ginzburg-Landau model, allowing for the determination of the anisotropy factor {gamma}{sub eff} and the contribution of magnetic coupling to the mutual interaction of 'pancake' vortices in the crossed lattice limit. The later parameter is directly related to the in-plane penetration depth {lambda}{sub ab}. We investigate the evolution of the phase diagram of Bi{sub 2}Sr{sub 2}CaCu{sub 2}O{sub 8-{delta}} in oblique fields with point-like disorder, introduced by irradiation with 2.3 MeV electrons. Apart from the depression of T{sub c}, point-like disorder induces an increase of {gamma}{sub eff} and a depression of the superfluid density.

Konczykowski, M.; van der Beek, C. J.; Mosser, V.; Koshelev, A. E.; Li, M.; Kes, P. H. (Materials Science Division); (Ecole Polytechnique); (ITRON); (Leiden Univ.)

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Suspended futures : the Vietnamization of South Vietnamese history and memory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hiroshima Traces, Yoneyama traces Japan’s desire to affirm the end of WWII war and the dropping of the atomic bomb

Bui, Long Thanh

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Removal of Last Remaining HEU from Vietnam - Time Lapse Video...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

(MOST) and the Russian Federation successfully removed 11 kilograms of highly enriched uranium (HEU) from the Dalat Nuclear Research Institute. This is the eleventh country...

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341

Vietnam - Analysis - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

IHS Global Insight International Energy Agency NewsBase Asia Oil & Gas Monitor Oil & Gas Journal Petroleum Economist PFC Energy Platts Oilgram News Saigon Times Upstream

342

Suspended futures : the Vietnamization of South Vietnamese history and memory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Peter. “The Archive. ” History & Memory, Volume 17, NumberFrancis. 1992. The End of History and the Last Man. NewPress. _____. “The End of History? ” The ational Interest. (

Bui, Long Thanh

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Vietnam-World Bank Climate Projects | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

generation projects not exceeding 30 MW. The third component of the project is pipeline development. This component will support activities to facilitate the development of...

344

Vietnam - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Solar › Energy in Brief. What's ... Taiwan, and Brunei all claim sovereignty over the Spratly Islands in the South ... Annual Energy Outlook yearly US ...

345

Vietnam Energy Data, Statistics and Analysis - Oil, Gas ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

to support the energy industry. These measures have helped to increase oil and gas production, but the country's rapid economic growth, industrialization, ...

346

Vietnam - Analysis - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Transportation costs vary by gas pipeline and are approved by the Ministry ... Liquefied Natural Gas. ... Gas Company to develop the Thi Vai LNG terminal in the ...

347

Vietnam - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

U.S. Department of Energy USA.gov FedStats. Stay Connected Facebook Twitter YouTube Email Updates RSS Feeds ...

348

Total Crude Oil and Products Imports from Vietnam  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: *Countries listed under ...

349

U.S. Imports from Vietnam - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: *Countries listed under ...

350

3-D sedimentological and geophysical studies of clastic reservoir analogs: Facies architecture, reservoir properties, and flow behavior within delta front facies elements of the Cretaceous Wall Creek Member, Frontier Formation, Wyoming  

SciTech Connect

This project examined the internal architecture of delta front sandstones at two locations within the Turonian-age Wall Creek Member of the Frontier Formation, in Wyoming. The project involved traditional outcrop field work integrated with core-data, and 2D and 3D ground penetrating radar (GPR) imaging from behind the outcrops. The fluid-flow engineering work, handled through a collaborative grant given to PI Chris White at LSU, focused on effects on fluid flow of late-stage calcite cement nodules in 3D. In addition to the extensive field component, the work funded 2 PhD students (Gani and Lee) and resulted in publication of 10 technical papers, 17 abstracts, and 4 internal field guides. PI Bhattacharya also funded an additional 3 PhD students that worked on the Wall Creek sandstone funded separately through an industrial consortium, two of whom graduated in the fall 2006 ((Sadeque and Vakarelov). These additional funds provided significant leverage to expand the work to include a regional stratigraphic synthesis of the Wall Creek Member of the Frontier Formation, in addition to the reservoir-scale studies that DOE directly funded. Awards given to PI Bhattacharya included the prestigious AAPG Distinguished Lecture Award, which involved a tour of about 25 Universities and Geological Societies in the US and Canada in the fall of 2005 and Spring of 2006. Bhattacharya gave two talks, one entitled “Applying Deltaic and Shallow Marine Outcrop Analogs to the Subsurface”, which highlighted the DOE sponsored work and the other titled “Martian River Deltas and the Origin of Life”. The outcrop analog talk was given at about 1/2 of the venues visited.

Janok P. Bhattacharya; George A. McMechan

2007-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

351

Reply to 'Comment by V. M. Krasnov on 'Connterintuitve consequence of heating in strongly-driven intrinsic junctions of Bi{sub 2}Sr{sub 2}CaCu{sub 2}O{sub 8+{delta}} Mesas.' '  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The main criticism raised in the preceding Comment concerns our suggestion that sharp conduction peaks in Bi{sub 2}Sr{sub 2}CaCu{sub 2}O{sub 8+{delta}} mesas, along with absent dip-hump features, may, in general, be a result of self-heating. The author points to the variety of experimental configurations, matrix-element effects, and doping dependencies that might allow a diversity of conductance spectra. We argue that numerous mesa studies (with fixed matrix elements) firmly establish the systematic development of sharp conductance peaks with increased self-heating, and thus, the issue of nonuniversality of tunneling characteristics is not relevant. The author mentions a number of studies that show that the mesa is superconducting near the conductance peak voltage. This is not in dispute and indicates a misinterpretation of our analysis that is clarified here. To address further comments on the technical details of our heating model, we reiterate that our conclusions are independent of our model but rather are based solely on experimental data that are not in dispute.

Kurter, C.; Ozyuzer, L.; Prolier, T.; Zasadzinski, J. F.; Hinks, D. G.; Gray, K. E. (Materials Science Division); (Illinois Inst. of Tech.); (Izmir Inst. of Tech.)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Pr and Cu magnetism in (Pr{sub 1.5}Ce{sub 0.5})Sr{sub 2}Cu{sub 2}MO{sub 10{minus}{delta}} (M=Nb, Ta): Correlations with a suppression of superconductivity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The magnetic properties of nonsuperconducting (Pr{sub 1.5}Ce{sub 0.5})Sr{sub 2}Cu{sub 2}MO{sub 10{minus}{delta}} with M=Nb, Ta are characterized with dc magnetization, specific-heat, and neutron-diffraction experiments. Data for (Pr{sub 1.5}Ce{sub 0.5})Sr{sub 2}Cu{sub 2}NbO{sub 10{minus}{delta}} reveal complex Cu magnetism marked by antiferromagnetic order below 200 K, spin structure transitions at 130 and 57 K, both collinear and noncollinear antiferromagnetic spin structures, and weak ferromagnetic behavior below 130 K. The data also indicate an anomalous ordering of the Pr spins near 10 K, a large linear contribution to the low-temperature specific heat, and a Pr 4f crystal-field ground state similar to that found in PrBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 7}. Furthermore, there is evidence that the weak ferromagnetic behavior couples to the Pr ordering near 10 K. Identical Pr magnetism and similar Cu magnetism are found in (Pr{sub 1.5}Ce{sub 0.5})Sr{sub 2}Cu{sub 2}TaO{sub 10{minus}{delta}}, deoxygenated (Pr{sub 1.5}Ce{sub 0.5})Sr{sub 2}Cu{sub 2}NbO{sub 10{minus}{delta}}, and deoxygenated (Pr{sub 1.5}Ce{sub 0.5})Sr{sub 2}Cu{sub 2}TaO{sub 10{minus}{delta}}. These results indicate that superconductivity is suppressed in these compounds in the same phenomenological manner as in PrBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 7}. We interpret this as evidence that superconductivity is suppressed by the same mechanism in both structures and propose that a general correlation exists between anomalous Pr magnetism and a lack of superconductivity in these Pr-based high-T{sub C} cuprates. The significance of these results and analyses to understanding and modeling the suppression of superconductivity by Pr in high-T{sub C} cuprates is discussed. {copyright} {ital 1997} {ital The American Physical Society}

Goodwin, T.J.; Shelton, R.N. [Department of Physics, University of California, Davis, California 95616 (United States); Radousky, H.B. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94550 (United States)]|[Department of Physics, University of California, Davis, California 95616 (United States); Rosov, N.; Lynn, J.W. [Reactor Radiation Division, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, Maryland 20899 (United States)

1997-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

Using in situ X-ray absorption spectroscopy to study the local structure and oxygen ion conduction mechanism in (La{sub 0.6}Sr{sub 0.4})(Co{sub 0.2}Fe{sub 0.8})O{sub 3-{delta}}  

SciTech Connect

To study the local structure and oxygen ion conduction mechanism in (La{sub 0.6}Sr{sub 0.4})(Co{sub 0.2}Fe{sub 0.8})O{sub 3-{delta}} (LSCF) as a function of the oxygen partial pressure (P(O{sub 2})), in situ the Co and Fe K-edge X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) was measured at elevated temperatures of 900 and 1000 K. The reduction of the Co and Fe valence, i.e., the oxygen content (3-{delta}) in LSCF, followed the change of P(O{sub 2}) from 1 to 10{sup -4} atm during{approx}4000 s. The quantitative analysis of the X-ray absorption near edge structure (XANES) and the extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) indicated that the Fe valence was higher than the Co valence at oxidative condition ({delta} Almost-Equal-To 0) in LSCF. Whereas the Co valence decreased more than the Fe valence after reduction of P(O{sub 2}) at both 900 and 1000 K. From the relaxation plots of the valence and the oxygen content (3-{delta}) for Co and Fe after changing P(O{sub 2}), we successfully determined D{sub chem} and E{sub a} of an oxygen ion migration around Co and Fe in LSCF. A structural model with and without oxygen vacancies and an oxygen ion conduction mechanism for LSCF are proposed based on these results. - Graphical abstract: A structural model with and without oxygen vacancies, and the oxygen ion conduction mechanism of LSCF were speculated. In other words, oxygen vacancies would form more preferentially around Co than Fe from the results of in situ XAS analysis during reduction, and oxygen ions needs to pass through at the vicinity of Fe from the results of D{sub chem} and E{sub a}. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Study of the oxygen ion conduction mechanism in (La{sub 0.6}Sr{sub 0.4})(Co{sub 0.2}Fe{sub 0.8})O{sub 3-{delta}} (LSCF). Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Using in situ X-ray absorption for study of valence and oxygen diffusion coefficient. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The oxygen vacancies should be preferentially localized around Co in LSCF. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The values of the dynamics parameters for Co and Fe are close to each other.

Itoh, Takanori, E-mail: tknitoh@seimichemical.co.jp [AGC SeimiChemical Co., Ltd., 3-2-10 Chigasaki, Chigasaki City, Kanagawa 253-8585 (Japan); Nakayama, Masanobu [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Nagoya Institute of Technology, Gokiso-cho, Showa-ku, Nagoya-city, Aichi 466-8555 (Japan)

2012-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

354

3D Sedimentological and geophysical studies of clastic reservoir analogs: Facies architecture, reservoir properties, and flow behavior within delta front facies elements of the Cretaceous Wall Creek Member, Frontier Formation, Wyoming  

SciTech Connect

Significant volumes of oil and gas occur in reservoirs formed by ancient river deltas. This has implications for the spatial distribution of rock types and the variation of transport properties. A between mudstones and sandstones may form baffles that influence productivity and recovery efficiency. Diagenetic processes such as compaction, dissolution, and cementation can also alter flow properties. A better understanding of these properties and improved methods will allow improved reservoir development planning and increased recovery of oil and gas from deltaic reservoirs. Surface exposures of ancient deltaic rocks provide a high-resolution view of variability. Insights gleaned from these exposures can be used to model analogous reservoirs, for which data is sparser. The Frontier Formation in central Wyoming provides an opportunity for high-resolution models. The same rocks exposed in the Tisdale anticline are productive in nearby oil fields. Kilometers of exposure are accessible, and bedding-plane exposures allow use of high-resolution ground-penetrating radar. This study combined geologic interpretations, maps, vertical sections, core data, and ground-penetrating radar to construct geostatistical and flow models. Strata-conforming grids were use to reproduce the observed geometries. A new Bayesian method integrates outcrop, core, and radar amplitude and phase data. The proposed method propagates measurement uncertainty and yields an ensemble of plausible models for calcite concretions. These concretions affect flow significantly. Models which integrate more have different flow responses from simpler models, as demonstrated an exhaustive two-dimensional reference image and in three dimensions. This method is simple to implement within widely available geostatistics packages. Significant volumes of oil and gas occur in reservoirs that are inferred to have been formed by ancient river deltas. This geologic setting has implications for the spatial distribution of rock types (\\Eg sandstones and mudstones) and the variation of transport properties (\\Eg permeability and porosity) within bodies of a particular rock type. Both basin-wide processes such as sea-level change and the autocyclicity of deltaic processes commonly cause deltaic reservoirs to have large variability in rock properties; in particular, alternations between mudstones and sandstones may form baffles and trends in rock body permeability can influence productivity and recovery efficiency. In addition, diagenetic processes such as compaction, dissolution, and cementation can alter the spatial pattern of flow properties. A better understanding of these properties, and improved methods to model the properties and their effects, will allow improved reservoir development planning and increased recovery of oil and gas from deltaic reservoirs. Surface exposures of ancient deltaic rocks provide a high resolution, low uncertainty view of subsurface variability. Patterns and insights gleaned from these exposures can be used to model analogous reservoirs, for which data is much sparser. This approach is particularly attractive when reservoir formations are exposed at the surface. The Frontier Formation in central Wyoming provides an opportunity for high resolution characterization. The same rocks exposed in the vicinity of the Tisdale anticline are productive in nearby oil fields, including Salt Creek. Many kilometers of good-quality exposure are accessible, and the common bedding-plane exposures allow use of shallow-penetration, high-resolution electromagnetic methods known as ground-penetrating radar. This study combined geologic interpretations, maps, vertical sections, core data, and ground-penetrating radar to construct high-resolution geostatistical and flow models for the Wall Creek Member of the Frontier Formation. Stratal-conforming grids were use to reproduce the progradational and aggradational geometries observed in outcrop and radar data. A new, Bayesian method integrates outcrop--derived statistics, core observations of concretions, and radar amplitude and

Christopher D. White

2009-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

355

3D Sedimentological and geophysical studies of clastic reservoir analogs: Facies architecture, reservoir properties, and flow behavior within delta front facies elements of the Cretaceous Wall Creek Member, Frontier Formation, Wyoming  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Significant volumes of oil and gas occur in reservoirs formed by ancient river deltas. This has implications for the spatial distribution of rock types and the variation of transport properties. A between mudstones and sandstones may form baffles that influence productivity and recovery efficiency. Diagenetic processes such as compaction, dissolution, and cementation can also alter flow properties. A better understanding of these properties and improved methods will allow improved reservoir development planning and increased recovery of oil and gas from deltaic reservoirs. Surface exposures of ancient deltaic rocks provide a high-resolution view of variability. Insights gleaned from these exposures can be used to model analogous reservoirs, for which data is sparser. The Frontier Formation in central Wyoming provides an opportunity for high-resolution models. The same rocks exposed in the Tisdale anticline are productive in nearby oil fields. Kilometers of exposure are accessible, and bedding-plane exposures allow use of high-resolution ground-penetrating radar. This study combined geologic interpretations, maps, vertical sections, core data, and ground-penetrating radar to construct geostatistical and flow models. Strata-conforming grids were use to reproduce the observed geometries. A new Bayesian method integrates outcrop, core, and radar amplitude and phase data. The proposed method propagates measurement uncertainty and yields an ensemble of plausible models for calcite concretions. These concretions affect flow significantly. Models which integrate more have different flow responses from simpler models, as demonstrated an exhaustive two-dimensional reference image and in three dimensions. This method is simple to implement within widely available geostatistics packages. Significant volumes of oil and gas occur in reservoirs that are inferred to have been formed by ancient river deltas. This geologic setting has implications for the spatial distribution of rock types (\\Eg sandstones and mudstones) and the variation of transport properties (\\Eg permeability and porosity) within bodies of a particular rock type. Both basin-wide processes such as sea-level change and the autocyclicity of deltaic processes commonly cause deltaic reservoirs to have large variability in rock properties; in particular, alternations between mudstones and sandstones may form baffles and trends in rock body permeability can influence productivity and recovery efficiency. In addition, diagenetic processes such as compaction, dissolution, and cementation can alter the spatial pattern of flow properties. A better understanding of these properties, and improved methods to model the properties and their effects, will allow improved reservoir development planning and increased recovery of oil and gas from deltaic reservoirs. Surface exposures of ancient deltaic rocks provide a high resolution, low uncertainty view of subsurface variability. Patterns and insights gleaned from these exposures can be used to model analogous reservoirs, for which data is much sparser. This approach is particularly attractive when reservoir formations are exposed at the surface. The Frontier Formation in central Wyoming provides an opportunity for high resolution characterization. The same rocks exposed in the vicinity of the Tisdale anticline are productive in nearby oil fields, including Salt Creek. Many kilometers of good-quality exposure are accessible, and the common bedding-plane exposures allow use of shallow-penetration, high-resolution electromagnetic methods known as ground-penetrating radar. This study combined geologic interpretations, maps, vertical sections, core data, and ground-penetrating radar to construct high-resolution geostatistical and flow models for the Wall Creek Member of the Frontier Formation. Stratal-conforming grids were use to reproduce the progradational and aggradational geometries observed in outcrop and radar data. A new, Bayesian method integrates outcrop--derived statistics, core observations of concretions, and radar amplitude and

Christopher D. White

2009-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

356

STUDY OF RAPID FORMATION OF A {delta} SUNSPOT ASSOCIATED WITH THE 2012 JULY 2 C7.4 FLARE USING HIGH-RESOLUTION OBSERVATIONS OF THE NEW SOLAR TELESCOPE  

SciTech Connect

Rapid, irreversible changes of magnetic topology and sunspot structure associated with flares have been systematically observed in recent years. The most striking features include the increase of the horizontal field at the polarity inversion line (PIL) and the co-spatial penumbral darkening. A likely explanation of the above phenomenon is the back reaction to the coronal restructuring after eruptions: a coronal mass ejection carries the upward momentum while the downward momentum compresses the field lines near the PIL. Previous studies could only use low-resolution (above 1'') magnetograms and white-light images. Therefore, the changes are mostly observed for X-class flares. Taking advantage of the 0.''1 spatial resolution and 15 s temporal cadence of the New Solar Telescope at the Big Bear Solar Observatory, we report in detail the rapid formation of sunspot penumbra at the PIL associated with the C7.4 flare on 2012 July 2. It is unambiguously shown that the solar granulation pattern evolves to an alternating dark and bright fibril structure, the typical pattern of penumbra. Interestingly, the appearance of such a penumbra creates a new {delta} sunspot. The penumbral formation is also accompanied by the enhancement of the horizontal field observed using vector magnetograms from the Helioseismic and Magnetic Imager. We explain our observations as being due to the eruption of a flux rope following magnetic cancellation at the PIL. Subsequently, the re-closed arcade fields are pushed down toward the surface to form the new penumbra. NLFFF extrapolation clearly shows both the flux rope close to the surface and the overlying fields.

Wang Haimin; Liu Chang; Wang Shuo; Deng Na; Xu Yan; Jing Ju [Space Weather Research Laboratory, New Jersey Institute of Technology, University Heights, Newark, NJ 07102-1982 (United States); Cao Wenda, E-mail: haimin.wang@njit.edu [Big Bear Solar Observatory, New Jersey Institute of Technology, 40386 North Shore Lane, Big Bear City, CA 92314-9672 (United States)

2013-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

357

Atmospheric Delta 14C Record from Wellington  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Carbon Isotopes » Carbon Isotopes » δ14C from Wellington Atmospheric δ14C Record from Wellington graphics Graphics data Data Investigators M.R. Manning, W.H. Melhuish National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research, Ltd., Climate Division, Gracefield Road, Gracefield, P.O. Box 31-311, Lower Hutt, New Zealand Period of Record 1954-93 Methods Trays containing ~2 L of 5 normal NaOH carbonate-free solution are typically exposed for intervals of 1-2 weeks, and the atmospheric CO2 absorbed during that time is recovered by acid evolution. Considerable fractionation occurs during absorption into the NaOH solution, and the standard fractionation correction (Stuiver and Polach 1977) is used to determine a δ 14C value corrected to δ 13C = -25 per mil. Some samples reported here were taken using BaOH solution or with extended

358

Delta, Ohio: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

3°, -84.0052235° 3°, -84.0052235° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.573663,"lon":-84.0052235,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

359

Delta, iota and other meson spectroscopies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This talk is given from the point of view of an experimentalist. Meson spectroscopy in the 1 to 3 GeV region is interesting because experiments exploring this region, in particular radiative psi decay, have found a rich structure of resonances too complicated to unravel with any one experiment, and not easily interpreted with any one theoretical model. None of the theoretical calculations predicting all kinds of interesting and exotic objects in this region is very convincing or reliable. Additional input from anti pp annihilation can be very useful in helping to find the answers to the following open questions: what exactly is this spectrum, what are the masses and quantum numbers of the resonances, as determined from analysis of data without theoretical prejudices; how is this spectrum described by QCD, is there evidence for new kinds of states like glue-balls, hybrids, axions, Higgses or multiquark exotics, and is there any evidence for new physics beyond QCD. 20 refs.

Lipkin, H.J.

1986-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

microstructure development and thermal response of delta ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

significantly more spheroidal throughout the cross section than observed at the ... because of surface heat losses during transfer from furnace to the GFM and ...

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361

{delta}L=2 hyperon semileptonic decays  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We compute the rates of semileptonic B{sub A}{yields}B{sub B}l{sup -}l{sup -} (l=e or {mu}) hyperon transitions in a model where intermediate states involve loops of baryons and a Majorana neutrino. These rates turn out to be well below present experimental bounds and other theoretical estimates. From the experimental upper limit on the {xi}{sup -}{yields}p{mu}{sup -}{mu}{sup -} decay, we derive the bound {<=}22 TeV for the effective Majorana mass of the muon neutrino. Also, an estimate of background contributions for these decays due to the allowed B{sub A}{yields}B{sub B}l{sup -}l{sup -}{nu}{nu} decays is provided.

Barbero, C.; Mariano, A. [Departamento de Fisica, Universidad Nacional, de La Plata, cc 67, 1900 La Plata (Argentina); Li, Ling-Fong [Department of Physics, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburg, Pennsylvania 15213 (United States); Castro, G. Lopez [Departamento de Fisica, Cinvestav, Apartado Postal 14-740, 07000 Mexico D.F. (Mexico)

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Waking up in the delta: stories  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis, a collection of original short fiction with a critical introduction to the stories, represents the best of my fiction written while enrolled in the Master of Arts program in the Department of English. The overall objective of the stories, as the title suggests, is to render powerfully articulate the "no man's land" of the adolescent consciousness at the moment the protagonists epiphanically realize the discordance of external (societal) and internal (personal) morality. The critical introduction to the thesis will focus primarily on demonstrating how the difficulties inherent in writing regional (Southern, in this case) fiction are handled, providing textual explanations and examples from the stories as well as topical commentary from several contemporary critical theorists. Of the seven stories of the collection, five are written from firstperson narrative viewpoints, four of these from adolescent narrators. Since these adolescent narratives best embody my overall premise, or aim, in writing the collection, these will receive more explication and discussion in the introduction than will the other three. These others, however, share certain features in common with the adolescent narratives, and will be discussed in terms of style and theme. Conceding the inevitability of literary influence, and the resulting impossibility of ever "writing in a vacuum," the introduction will also acknowledge some of the most obvious influences on my fiction.

Fortenberry, Amelia Carol

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Digital Manager Delta Dental Plan of Oklahoma's  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Primary companies that provided customer location of: Region 1 Region 2 Region 3 Region 4 Number 1 4 customer by volume 3 0 0 3 Number 5 customer by volume 2 0 0 1 Total number of Primary companies 5 customer by volume 2 2 1 1 Total number of secondary companies surveyed that provided

Reynolds, Albert C.

364

Delta 14CO2 Record from Schauinsland  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

CO2 Record from Schauinsland 14 CO2 Record from Schauinsland graphics Graphics data Data Investigators Ingeborg Levin and Bernd Kromer Institut fr Umweltphysik, University of...

365

Delta 14CO2 Record from Vermunt  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

CO2 Record from Vermunt 14CO2 Record from Vermunt graphics Graphics data Data Investigators I. Levin, B. Kromer, H. Schoch-Fischer, M. Bruns, M. Mnnich, D. Berdau,J.C. Vogel,...

366

Magneto-optical study of flux penetration and critical current densities in [001] tilt YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 7{minus}{delta}} thin-film bicrystals  

SciTech Connect

Magneto-optical (MO) imaging has been used to visualize and calculate magnetic flux and current distributions at temperatures {ital T} ranging from 7 to 80 K in thin-film [001] tilt YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 7{minus}{delta}} bicrystals with misorientation angles 3{degree}{le}{theta}{le}10{degree}. A characteristic cusp in the flux distribution {ital B}{sub {ital z}}({ital x},{ital y}) was observed for 5{degree}{le}{theta}{le}7{degree}, which is shown to indicate that the critical current density {ital J}{sub {ital b}} across the boundary is smaller than the intragrain {ital J}{sub {ital c}}. We use the Bean model for thin-film superconductors to calculate the observed features of the {ital B}{sub {ital z}}({ital x},{ital y}) distribution and to separate both the intragrain {ital J}{sub {ital c}} and intergrain {ital J}{sub {ital b}}({theta}) independently from the MO data. The study of angular and temperature dependencies of {ital J}{sub {ital b}}({ital T},{theta}) in bicrystals with different {theta} shows that {ital J}{sub {ital b}}({theta}) strongly decreases with {theta} above {theta}{approx_equal}5{degree}. The decrease of {ital J}{sub {ital b}}({ital T},{theta}) with temperature becomes weaker as the misorientation angle {theta} is increased, so the substantial difference in {ital J}{sub {ital b}} for 5{degree} and 7{degree} boundaries at low {ital T} turns out to be less pronounced at liquid-nitrogen temperatures. In addition, the ratio {ital J}{sub {ital b}}({theta},{ital T})/{ital J}{sub {ital c}}({ital T}) for low-angle grain boundaries is shown to exhibit an anomalous increase with {ital T}, thus indicating that the grain boundaries can provide additional flux pinning. This is plausibly associated with the grain boundary dislocations that accommodate the misorientation of the grains. {copyright} {ital 1996 The American Physical Society.}

Polyanskii, A.A.; Gurevich, A.; Pashitski, A.E.; Heinig, N.F.; Redwing, R.D.; Nordman, J.E.; Larbalestier, D.C. [Applied Superconductivity Center, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin 53706 (United States)] [Applied Superconductivity Center, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin 53706 (United States)

1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Electron transport in an In{sub 0.52}Al{sub 0.48}As/In{sub 0.53}Ga{sub 0.47}As/In{sub 0.52}Al{sub 0.48}As quantum well with a {delta}-Si doped barrier in high electric fields  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The electron conduction in a two-dimensional channel of an In{sub 0.52}Al{sub 0.48}As/In{sub 0.53}Ga{sub 0.47}As/In{sub 0.52}Al{sub 0.48}As quantum well (QW) with a {delta}-Si doped barrier has been investigated. It is shown that the introduction of thin InAs barriers into the QW reduces the electron scattering rate from the polar optical and interface phonons localized in the QW and increases the electron mobility. It is found experimentally that the saturation of the conduction current in the In{sub 0.53}Ga{sub 0.47}As channel in strong electric fields is determined by not only the sublinear field dependence of the electron drift velocity, but also by the decrease in the electron concentration n{sub s} with an increase in the voltage across the channel. The dependence of n{sub s} on the applied voltage is due to the ionized-donor layer located within the {delta}-Si doped In{sub 0.52}Al{sub 0.48}As barrier and oriented parallel to the In{sub 0.53}Ga{sub 0.47}As QW.

Vasil'evskii, I. S.; Galiev, G. B.; Matveev, Yu. A.; Klimov, E. A.; Pozela, J., E-mail: pozela@pfi.lt [Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute of Microwave Semiconductor Electronics (Russian Federation); Pozela, K.; Suziedelis, A.; Paskevic, C.; Juciene, V. [Semiconductor Physics Institute (Lithuania)

2010-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

368

Economic Impacts of Reduced Delta Exports Resulting from the Wanger Interim Order for Delta Smelt  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Primarily recycled water and conservation. The urban sectorin alternative water supply and conservation options. Whileinvest in conservation and alternative water supply programs

Sunding, David L.; Ajami, Newsha K; Hatchett, Steve; Mitchell, David; Zilberman, David

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Crystal structure of new synthetic Ca,Na carbonate-borate Ca{sub 2}Na(Na{sub x}Ca{sub 0.5-x})[B{sub 3}{sup t}B{sub 2}{sup {delta}}O{sub 8}(OH)(O{sub 1-x}OH{sub x})](CO{sub 3})  

SciTech Connect

New Ca,Na carbonate-borate Ca{sub 2}Na(Na{sub x}Ca{sub 0.5-x}) [B{sub 3}{sup t}B{sub 2}{sup {Delta}}O{sub 8}(OH)(O{sub 1-x}OH{sub x})](CO{sub 3}) crystals (x {approx} 0.4) have been synthesized by the hydrothermal method in the Ca(OH){sub 2}-H{sub 3}BO{sub 3}-Na{sub 2}CO{sub 3}-NaCl-system at t = 250 Degree-Sign C and P = 70-80 atm; the structure parameters are found to be a = 11.1848(3) Angstrom-Sign , b = 6.4727(2) Angstrom-Sign , c = 25.8181(7) Angstrom-Sign , {beta} = 96.364(3) Degree-Sign , V = 1857.60(9) Angstrom-Sign {sup 3}, sp. gr. C2/c, Z = 8, and {rho}{sub calcd} = 2.801 g/cm{sup 3} (Xcalibur S autodiffractometer (CCD), 2663 reflections with I > 2{sigma} (I), direct solution, refinement by the least-squares method in the anisotropic approximation of thermal atomic vibrations, hydrogen localization, R{sub 1} = 0.0387). The structure is based on boron-oxygen layers of pentaborate radicals 5(2{Delta} + 3T). Ca and Na polyhedra and CO{sub 3} triangles are located between the layers. A crystallochemical analysis of the new Ca,Na carbonate-borate has established its similarity to natural Na,Ca pentaborates (heidornite and tuzlaite) and synthetic Na,Ba-decaborate.

Yamnova, N. A., E-mail: natalia-yamnova@yandex.ru; Borovikova, E. Yu.; Gurbanova, O. A.; Dimitrova, O. V.; Zubkova, N. V. [Moscow State University (Russian Federation)

2012-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

370

UNIVERSITE JOSEPH FOURIER GRENOBLE 1 UNIVERSITE DE PEDAGOGIE DE HO CHI MINH VILLE -VIETNAM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

..................................................................................................................89 I. Liste des objets énergétiques........................................................................... 90 I.2. Une liste en référence au programme de 1992 tel-00012001,version1-21Mar2006 #12;10 tel-00012001,version1-21Mar2006 #12;11 M u Nng lng là mt khái

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

371

Final Report of Summer Research 2007 Vietnam and Southeast Asia, June 6 – August 21  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Environmental Assessment of hydro-power development in QuangEnvironmental Assessment of hydro-power development on theand environmental impacts of hydro-power development on the

Morris-Jung, Jason

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Anticommunism as cultural praxis : South Vietnam, war, and refugee memories in the Vietnamese American community  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

11:4 (2005) 509-529. Grenier, Guillermo J. and Lisandrocommunity” from Guillermo J. Grenier and Lisandro Perez, whoAmerican I follow from Guillermo Grenier’s discussion of the

Vo Dang, Thanh Thuy

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Vietnam Net Imports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products into the U.S.  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: *Countries listed under ...

374

Microsoft Word - CX_Clark_Fork_River_Delta.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

$XJXVW   $XJXVW   REPLY TO ATTN OF: .(& SUBJECT: (QYLURQPHQWDO &OHDUDQFH 0HPRUDQGXP /HH :DWWV 3URMHFW 0DQDJHU ± .(:0 Proposed Action: 3URYLVLRQ RI IXQGV WR WKH ,GDKR 'HSDUWPHQW RI )LVK DQG *DPH IRU 3XUFKDVH RI &ODUN )RUN 5LYHU 'HOWD :KLWH ,VODQG 3URSHUW\ Fish and Wildlife Project No.:  &RQWUDFW %3$ Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B1.25 7UDQVIHU OHDVH GLVSRVLWLRQ RU DFTXLVLWLRQ RI LQWHUHVWV LQ XQFRQWDLPLQDWHG ODQG IRU KDELWDW SUHVHUYDWLRQ RU ZLOGOLIH PDQDJHPHQW DQG RQO\ DVVRFLDWHG EXLOGLQJV WKDW VXSSRUW WKHVH SXUSRVHV

375

Effect of Nickel Content on Delta Solvus Temperature and ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cast Alloys for Advanced Ultra Supercritical Steam Turbines · Castability of 718Plus® Alloy for Structural Gas Turbine Engine Components · Casting Superalloys ...

376

NNSA Small Business Week 2011: Delta Research Associates supports...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

meet specifications and measures up to commonly accepted technical and professional standards. Very little government technical direction is required to solve problems that arise...

377

Metallurgical Characterization of the Delta Phase Formation in ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Interaction of ½{110} Edge Dislocation With Interstitial Carbon Atoms in ?- ... Novel Methods of Hydrogen Isotope Sequestration using Proton Conducting ...

378

Delta-Montrose Electric Association - Commercial Energy Efficiency...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Units: 85unit; plus 150 Energy Star bonus Lighting Replacement Program: 250kW saved LED Refrigerator Case Lighting: 60door StreetArea Lighting (LED and Induction): 25% of...

379

Delta County, Colorado: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

8531357°, -107.763621° 8531357°, -107.763621° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":38.8531357,"lon":-107.763621,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

380

Delta County, Texas: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

493128°, -95.7721204° 493128°, -95.7721204° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":33.3493128,"lon":-95.7721204,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mekong delta vietnam" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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381

Delta County, Michigan: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

7124142°, -86.9844175° 7124142°, -86.9844175° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":45.7124142,"lon":-86.9844175,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

382

Strategy for conversion of CO2 isotopic measurements to delta ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... The conversion algorithm described here may utilize user-selected values or the ... The conversions to ?13C and ?18O values are then performed via ...

2013-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

383

Delta-Montrose Electric Association - Residential Energy Efficiency...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

accompanied by a receipt andor other proof of purchase with the brand, model, and serial number included. Participating customers must submit these to the DMEA office. Contact...

384

Delta-Montrose Electric Association - Commercial Energy Efficiency...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

accompanied by a receipt andor other proof of purchase with the brand, model, and serial number included. View the program http:www.dmea.comimagesstoriesPDF...

385

XS204 Delta Range XS Models Part 1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

facilities ($8.7 billion); smart-grid infrastructure investment ($11 billion); energy and conservation grants

Kleinfeld, David

386

Various Magnet Options for a Delta Launched Version of ASTROMAG  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

be shielded from the sun by the solar panels. As a result ofa sun synchronous orbit and an earth trailing solar orbit.a sun synchronous orbit and an earth trailing solar orbit

Green, M.A.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

NNSA Small Business Week 2011: Delta Research Associates supports...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and at NNSA headquarters. DRA also supports the DOE Office of Intelligence and Counterintelligence, enabling DRA to be cited by the Federal Times as one of the top fifty...

388

Orientation Effects and Influence of Delta Phase on Fatigue Crack ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

including a hold time at maximum load lead to increased crack propagation rates when compared ... 720°C ;' 8 hours .! controlled cooling rate at 50°C per hour.

389

Grain Boundary delta-phase Morphologies, Carbides and Notch ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

penetrates through the grains while, due to the coarser grains, this does not occur in the problem material as ..... 9 of eight edition of Metals Handbook). ... Development, were necessary for the rapidly growing understanding of the fundamental.

390

Sample design-based methodology for estimating delta smelt abundance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the gear from a cov- ered cod-end experiment, stratifiedcollect- ed during a covered cod-end experiment (Sweetnamcover was attached to the cod-end of a midwater trawl which

Newman, Ken B.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Climate Change and San Francisco Bay-Delta Tidal Wetlands  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy, National Institute for Climate Change Research, Coastal Center. DECEMBER 2011 REFERENCES Charles H, Dukes

Parker, V. Thomas; Callaway, John C.; Schile, Lisa M.; Vasey, Michael C.; Herbert, Ellen R.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Mechanical properties of alpha and delta-stabilized plutonium  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

paper describes efforts to better understand the volume expansion in the early stage of aging and the recovery of metallurgical properties from accumulated age-induced defects in...

393

Evaluation of the Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of Delta ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

bar stock. The process was developed to improve the mechanical properties through ... DP718 bar stock properties were compared to conventionally processed ...

394

Delta Energy & Environment Ltd Registered in Scotland: No SC259964  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of distributed assets". ...will invest in "special products such as virtual power plants" ...recognise "synergies Pump Summit, Nuernberg October 2013 Vattenfall Europe's Virtual Power Plant (Germany) CHP HP CHP HP CHP A single 10 kW HP is insignificant... Utility of the future.... Demand-side Electrification, growth

Oak Ridge National Laboratory

395

Water supply analysis for restoring the Colorado River Delta, Mexico  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to Pay for Additional Transboundary Water Flows from the US.2001). "Improving California Water Management: Optimizingloss functions to value urban water scarcity in California."

Medellin-Azuara, Josue; Lund, Jay R.; Howitt, Richard E.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

An Evaluation of the Forgeability of Delta Processed Udimet Alloy ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

process sequence and an inventory buffer. REFERENCES. 1. S. Shingo,. A Study of the Toyota Production. Svstem From an. Industrial. Ensineerinq. Viewpoint,.

397

Critical {delta}{sup '} for stability of viscoresistive tearing modes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An analytic expression for the stability threshold of linear tearing modes is derived. The magnetized plasma is described in terms of a standard viscoresistive magnetohydrodynamic model. The analytic derivation requires an extension of the standard layer equation that represents an approximation of the full model in the vicinity of the reconnecting layer. The analytic result is checked against numerical simulations, showing excellent agreement.

Grasso, D.; Hastie, R. J.; Porcelli, F. [Burning Plasma Research Group, Dipartimento di Energetica, Politecnico di Torino, Torino (Italy); Tebaldi, C. [Burning Plasma Research Group, Dipartimento di Energetica, Politecnico di Torino, Torino (Italy); Dipartimento di Matematica, Politecnico di Torino, Torino (Italy)

2008-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

398

Maa-Bara : catalyzing change in Nigeria's Niger delta  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Can architecture catalyze economic growth? This thesis serves as a design contribution to the war against poverty by proving that small-scale architectural interventions can propagate large-scale economic growth. It ...

Okiomah, Ogheneruno E. (Ogheneruno Elo)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

PRESSURE PREDICTION AND UNDERBALANCED DRILLING IN THE DEEPWATER NIGER DELTA.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The mechanisms that cause overpressure can be broadly classified into two categories: loading and unloading. This study looks at eight wells from the deepwater Niger… (more)

GOODWYNE, OLAR,KAMAL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

The Spectroscopic Signature of Aging in (delta)-Pu(Ga)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The electronic structure of Pu is briefly discussed, with emphasis upon Aging effects. Photoelectron Spectroscopy and X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy have contributed greatly to our improved understanding of Pu electronic structure. (See Figure 1.) From these and related measurements, the following has been determined: (1) The Pu 5f spin-orbit splitting is large; (2) The number of Pu5f electrons is 5; and (3) The Pu 5f spin-orbit splitting effect dominates 5f itineracy.

Tobin, J G; Yu, S; Chung, B W

2009-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mekong delta vietnam" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Delta Hedged Option Valuation with Underlying Non-Gaussian Returns  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The standard Black-Scholes theory of option pricing is extended to cope with underlying return fluctuations described by general probability distributions. A Langevin process and its related Fokker-Planck equation are devised to model the market stochastic dynamics, allowing us to write and formally solve the generalized Black-Scholes equation implied by dynamical hedging. A systematic expansion around a non-perturbative starting point is then implemented, recovering the Matacz's conjectured option pricing expression. We perform an application of our formalism to the real stock market and find clear evidence that while past financial time series can be used to evaluate option prices before the expiry date with reasonable accuracy, the stochastic character of volatility is an essential ingredient that should necessarily be taken into account in analytical option price modeling.

Moriconi, L

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Pre-Screen Loss and Fish Facility Efficiency for Delta Smelt at the South Delta's State Water Project, California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

influence of man. Altona, Manitoba: Friesen Printers. p 519-influence of man. Altona, Manitoba: Friesen Printers. p 445-the ecosystem. Altona, Manitoba: Friesen Printers. p 497-

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Pre-Screen Loss and Fish Facility Efficiency for Delta Smelt at the South Delta's State Water Project, California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

except toward the end of the water intake period when waterentrained into water diversion intakes or impinged on intakeintake technical analysis. Prepared for California Department of Water

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Pathogenicity of H5 influenza viruses for ducks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

have also occurred in Vietnam, Thailand, China, Laos, Cambodia and Indonesia. Human cases of H5N1 virus infection were reported in Vietnam and Thailand.

405

Facilitators of and Barriers to Methadone Maintenance Treatment Enrollment among Opioid Injecting Drug Users in Hai Phong, Vietnam, 2011  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

people who use drugs in Cambodia, China, Malaysia and Vietpeople who use drugs in Cambodia, China, Malaysia and Vietprovince, China. International Journal of Drug Policy, 20,

Nguyen, Nguyen Binh

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Well-known trademark protection. A comparative study between the laws of the European Union and Vietnam.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Well-known trademarks have been recognized as one of the most important types of trademark in the trademark system as reflected in both national law and… (more)

Phan Ngoc, Tam

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Mason and Enterprise Development under the Biogas Program in Vietnam: An Impact Study of the Effects of the Biogas Program.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The research proposed to analyze the impact of a renewable energy project entitled ‘The Biogas Project Program for the department of Animal Husbandry and livestock… (more)

Schaart, I.G.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Facilitators of and Barriers to Methadone Maintenance Treatment Enrollment among Opioid Injecting Drug Users in Hai Phong, Vietnam, 2011  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Computer-Assisted Self-Interview (technique) AIDS: Acquiredassisted self interview (ACASI) technique. We used the QDSassisted self interview (ACASI) technique. First, we used

Nguyen, Nguyen Binh

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

3D city model of the ancient Hue, Vietnam; reconstruction of the city environment for the cultural heritage identity conservation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To have a correct knowledge and codification of their historiccultural heritage, various Asiatic countries today present common problems. In particular the most urgent need is that of analyzing the heritage in order to be able to protect it and show ... Keywords: cultural heritage defence, virtual environment

Fausto Pugnaloni; Giovanni Issini; Nam Dang Minh

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

A life of worry : the cultural politics and phenomenology of anxiety in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

humankind or the inevitable fallout of modernity's freedomsinner life and is the fallout from the instability of ourof Confucianism and fallout from political violence that

Tran, Allen L.; Tran, Allen L.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

The Iraq War and the Post Vietnam Narrative: Culture and Change in the U.S. Army, 2005-2007.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The Iraq War was an era of crisis and change within the U.S. Army. The failure of the army to adapt to the war revealed… (more)

Chastain, William

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Did Vietnam veterans get sicker in the 1990s? The complicated effects of military service on self-reported health  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The veterans disability compensation (VDC) program, which provides a monthly stipend to disabled veterans, is the third largest American disability insurance program. Since the late 1990s, VDC growth has been driven primarily ...

Angrist, Joshua

413

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

+ , Panama + , Philippines + , Rwanda + , Senegal + , South Africa + , Tanzania + , Thailand + , Togolese Republic + , Trinidad and Tobago + , Uganda + , Ukraine + , Vietnam + ,...

414

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

+ , Lebanon + , Malaysia + , Mexico + , Moldova + , Morocco + , Peru + , Tanzania + , Thailand + , Philippines + , Trinidad and Tobago + , Uganda + , Vietnam + , Zambia +...

415

Regional tectonics, differential subsidence, and sediment dispersal patterns: implications for sediment flux to the southern South China Sea and regional filling of sedimentary Basins during Pliocene to the Recent time  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Nam Con Son, Malay, and West Natuna basins, located offshore of SE Vietnam and Peninsular Malaysia, initially formed during Eocene(?)-Oligocene rifting, and underwent inversion during Miocene time. Following cessation of tectonic activity at the end of Miocene time, these basins were subjected to spatially and temporally variable tectonic subsidence, which affected regional sediment dispersal patterns and paleogeographic evolution. This study focused on the complex interactions between regional tectonic deformation, differential subsidence across the southern South China Sea (SCS), evolving drainage networks, and sediment dispersal systems, which influenced filling of basins across the southwestern SCS during Pliocene to Recent time. The amount of tectonic subsidence across the Sunda Shelf has varied over long wavelengths (>500 km). The Nam Con Son Basin (NCSB) has experienced more subsidence than the Malay and West Natuna basins during Pliocene to Recent time. Miocene inversion in these basins may be responsible for differential subsidence. These differences in regional subsidence allowed the Malay and West Natuna basins to become overfilled during Pliocene to Recent time, while the NCSB is still underfilled and continues to receive sediments that bypass the Malay and West Natuna basins. Local basement highs such as the Natuna Arch, Khorat Platform, and Con Son High were sediment sources while they were emergent during eustatic lowstands, especially during Paleogene time, when the adjacent basins were underfilled. Major rivers that drained large parts of SE Asia have become progressively more important as sediment suppliers to the southern SCS during Neogene time. The paleo-Mekong River began to rapidly prograde into the NCSB during late Miocene time. A second depositional system added large volumes of sediment to the southern NCSB beginning in Pliocene time, after the Malay and West Natuna basins were effectively filled, and sediments were able to bypass these basins. Paleogeographic reconstructions of Pliocene to Recent time show fluvial and shelf environments progressively shifted eastward across the Sunda Shelf. Sediment transport systems such as fluvial and submarine channels were identified across the entire study area and the spatial and temporal evolution of these channel networks is critical for understanding sediment dispersal across the Sunda Shelf.

Murray, Mychal Roland

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

Spatial variations in soil and plant delta 13 C and delta 15 N values in a subtropical savanna: implications for vegetation change and nutrient dynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Grass-dominated ecosystems in many regions around the world have experienced increased abundance of woody plants during the past 100 yrs. In the Rio Grande Plains of southern Texas, subtropical woodlands, dominated by C3 trees/shrubs capable of symbiotic N2-fixation, have become significant components of landscapes that were once dominated by C4 grasslands. Upland areas in this region now consist of small discrete clusters and large groves of woody vegetation embedded in a grassy matrix, while lower-lying portions of the landscape are dominated by closed-canopy woodlands. I used soil ?13C in conjunction with aerial photography and geostatistics to quantify landscape-scale vegetation dynamics in uplands of this savanna parkland. Spatial patterns of soil ?13C in grids and transects traversing woody patches indicated larger woody groves were formed from small discrete clusters of woody plants that spread laterally and eventually coalesced. Soil ?13C contour maps revealed some clusters are currently growing rapidly towards each other and might coalesce into groves in the near future, while some clusters remained relatively stable. Kriged maps of soil ?13C provided a strong spatial context for future studies aimed at understanding the functional consequences of this change in landscape structure. The dominant invading woody plant, honey mesquite (Prosopis glandulosa), was important in determining the spatial pattern of soil ?13C, supporting the hypothesis that they serve as recruitment foci and facilitate the establishment of subordinate woody species. Leaf ?15N values suggested that the N2-fixing mesquite influenced the N nutrition of nearby non-N2-fixing shrubs, thus, suggesting a mechanism by which mesquite could facilitate establishment of other woody species. In closed-canopy drainage woodlands, however, spatial patterns of soil ?13C were no longer controlled by the presence of mesquite, but by the amount of soil organic carbon and soil texture. The positive correlation between silt+clay and soil ?13C indicates that the formation of organomineral complexes and microaggregates may slow SOC turnover rates and favor the persistence of C4-derived SOC from the original grassland. This study enhances our understanding of potential patterns, causes and consequences of grassland to woodland conversions which are underway today in many grass-dominated ecosystems around the world.

Bai, E

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Atomic diffusion in metal poor stars The influence on the Main Sequence fitting distance scale, subdwarfs ages and the value of Delta Y/DeltaZ  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The effect of atomic diffusion on the Main Sequence (MS) of metal-poor low mass stars is investigated. Since diffusion alters the stellar surface chemical abundances with respect to their initial values, one must ensure - by calibrating the initial chemical composition of the theoretical models - that the surface abundances of the models match the observed ones of the stellar population under scrutiny. Since the observed surface abundances of subdwarfs are different from the initial ones due to the effect of diffusion, while the globular clusters stellar abundances are measured in Red Giants, which have practically recovered their initial abundances after the dredge-up, the isochrones to be employed for studying globular clusters and Halo subdwarfs with the same observational value of [Fe/H] are different and do not coincide. We find, however,that the current MS-fitting distances derived from HIPPARCOS subdwarfs using colour corrections from standard isochrones are basically unaltered when diffusion is taken ...

Salaris, M; Weiss, A

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

EUROPE TRANSFORMED etween 1981 and 1988 the U.S. military spent more than $3 bil-  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in Okinawa, Thailand, and Vietnam from 1965 to 1968; and com- manded the 43d Engineer Group at Fort Benning

US Army Corps of Engineers

419

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Wind › Geothermal › ... Vietnam's efforts to intensify exploration and development of its offshore fields have contributed to the growth in reserves.

420

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

(IEA) + Name ASEAN-IEA Activities + Place Indonesia + , Malaysia + , Singapore + , Thailand + , Philippines + , Vietnam + , Brunei + , Myanmar + , Cambodia + , Laos +...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mekong delta vietnam" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

, Kazakhstan + , Mexico + , Morocco + , Nigeria + , Philippines + , South Africa + , Thailand + , Turkey + , Ukraine + , Vietnam + ProgramSector Climate + , Energy + ProgramTopics...

422

Climate Technology Fund (CTF) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

India, Indonesia, Kazakhstan, Mexico, Morocco, Nigeria, Philippines, South Africa, Thailand, Turkey, Ukraine, Vietnam South America, South America, Northern Africa, Southern...

423

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Malaysia + , Mexico + , Moldova + , Morocco + , Peru + , Philippines + , Tanzania + , Thailand + , Trindand and Tobago + , Uganda + , Vietnam + , Zambia + ProgramSector Climate +...

424

Observed and Simulated Soil Moisture Variability over the Lower Mississippi Delta Region  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To better understand error and spatial variability sources of soil moisture simulated with land surface models, observed and simulated values of soil moisture (using offline simulations with the Noah land surface model with four soil layers and ...

Georgy V. Mostovoy; Valentine G. Anantharaj

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Lowest Q2 Measurement of the gamma*p-> Delta Reaction: Probing the Pionic Contribution  

SciTech Connect

The first excited state of the proton, the Delat, can be reached through a magnetic dipole spin flip of one of the quarks (M1) or through electric and Coulomb quadrupole terms (E2 and C2) which indicate a deviation from spherical symmetry. The quark models using the color hyperfine interaction underestimate the size of the quadrupole terms by more than an order of magnitude. Models using the pion cloud do a much better job of describing the data. This is expected due to the spontaneous breaking of chiral symmetry which leads to a cloud of virtual p wave pions which introduce the non-spherical amplitudes. The data presented in this work fill gaps in the low Q², long distance region where the pion cloud is expected to dominate and to produce significant Q2 variation. The p(?, ép)?? reaction was measured in the ? region at Q² = 0.060 (GeV/c)², the lowest Q² to date for pion electroproduction, utilizing out-of-plane magnetic spectrometers at the Mainz Microtron in Germany. This work reports results for the dominant transition magnetic dipole amplitude and the quadrupole to dipole ratios obtained from fitting the new data with models using a three parameter, resonant multipole fit: M³/²1+ = (40.33 +- 0.63stat+syst +-model)(10-³/m?+), E2/M1=Re(E³/²1+M³/²1+) = (-2.28+- 0.29stat+syst +- 0.20model)%, and C2/M1 =Re(S³/²1+/M³/²1+) poles disagree with predictions of the quark models but are in reasonable agreement with a chiral extrapolation of lattice QCD, chiral effective field theory and dynamical model results confirming the dominance and general Q² variation of the long range pionic contribution. While there is qualitative agreement with the models, there is no quantitative agreement thus indicating the need for further improvement of the models.

Sean Stave

2006-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

426

The Delta Q method of testing the air leakage of ducts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Renewable Energy, Office of Building Technology, State andand Renewable Energy, Office of Building Technology, State and

Walker, I.S.; Dickerhoff, D.J.; Sherman, M.H.

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

In Situ Delta-13 CO2 from Cape Grim, Tasmania, Australia: 1982-1993  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

In Situ δ13CO2 from Cape In Situ δ13CO2 from Cape Grim, Australia In Situ δ13CO2 from Cape Grim, Tasmania, Australia: 1982-1993 graphics Graphics data Data Investigators R.J. Francey and C.E. Allison CSIRO, Division of Atmospheric Research, Private Bag No. 1, Mordialloc, Victoria, Australia 3195 Period of Record 1982-1993 Methods Air samples are collected during baseline condition episodes at a frequency of around one sample per week. Baseline conditions are characterized by wind direction in the sector 190-280°, condensation nucleus concentration below 600 cm3, and steady, continuous CO2 concentrations (variation + 0.2 ppmv per hour). The Cape Grim in situ extraction line is based on 3 high-efficiency glass U-tube traps with internal cooling coils. A vacuum pump draws air from either the 10 m or 70 m intakes, and sampling

428

Localization and activation of CaMKII delta isoforms and their involvement in heart failure  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

hypertrophy and heart failure ..CaMKII mediated hypertrophy and heart failure .. I.F.II.C. Preparation of heart tissue extract and cell lysate

Mishra, Shikha

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Microstructural Development and Superconducting Parameters of the YBa2Cu3O7-delta Coated Conductor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Reference Book. 1992, Oxford: Butterworth Heinemann. 112. D. Lide, Handbook of Chemistry and Physics. 1994, London: CRC. 113. A. Goyal, A., D.P. Norton, J.D. Budai, M. Paranthaman, E.D. Specht, D.M. Kroeger, D.K. Christen, Q. He, B. Saffian, F.A. List, D... . Ni-based materials have emerged as being superior to Ag alloys due to their better mechanical properties and structural compatibility with subsequent layers. The engineering current density is the parameter which determines the economic viability...

Rutter, Noel Anthony

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

The growth and evolution of thin oxide films on delta-plutonium surfaces  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The common oxides of plutonium are the dioxide (PuO{sub 2}) and the sesquioxide (Pu{sub 2}O{sub 3}). The structure of an oxide on plutonium metal under air at room temperature is typically described as a thick PuO{sub 2} film at the gas-oxide interface with a thinner PuO{sub 2} film near the oxide-metal substrate interface. In a reducing environment, such as ultra high vacuum, the dioxide (Pu{sup 4+}; O/Pu = 2.0) readily converts to the sesquioxide (Pu{sup 3+}; O/Pu = 1.5) with time. In this work, the growth and evolution of thin plutonium oxide films is studied with x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) under varying conditions. The results indicate that, like the dioxide, the sesquioxide is not stable on a very clean metal substrate under reducing conditions, resulting in substoichiometric films (Pu{sub 2}O{sub 3-y}). The Pu{sub 2}O{sub 3-y} films prepared exhibit a variety of stoichiometries (y = 0.2-1) as a function of preparation conditions, highlighting the fact that caution must be exercised when studying plutonium oxide surfaces under these conditions and interpreting resulting data.

Garcia Flores, Harry G [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Pugmire, David L [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Levee Decisions and Sustainability for the Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Levee decisions and sustainability for the Sacramento-SanLevee Decisions and Sustainability for the Sacramento-San

Suddeth, Robyn J; Mount, Jeff; Lund, Jay R

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Reconstruction of a high-resolution late holocene arctic paleoclimate record from Colville River delta sediments.  

SciTech Connect

This work was partially supported by the Sandia National Laboratories,Laboratory Directed Research and Development' (LDRD) fellowship program in conjunction with Texas A&M University (TAMU). The research described herein is the work of Kathryn M. Schreiner (Katie') and her advisor, Thomas S. Bianchi and represents a concise description of Katie's dissertation that was submitted to the TAMU Office of Graduate Studies in May 2013 in partial fulfillment of her doctorate of philosophy degree. High Arctic permafrost soils contain a massive amount of organic carbon, accounting for twice as much carbon as what is currently stored as carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. However, with current warming trends this sink is in danger of thawing and potentially releasing large amounts of carbon as both carbon dioxide and methane into the atmosphere. It is difficult to make predictions about the future of this sink without knowing how it has reacted to past temperature and climate changes. This project investigated long term, fine scale particulate organic carbon (POC) delivery by the high-Arctic Colville River into Simpson's Lagoon in the near-shore Beaufort Sea. Modern POC was determined to be a mixture of three sources (riverine soils, coastal erosion, and marine). Downcore POC measurements were performed in a core close to the Colville River output and a core close to intense coastal erosion. Inputs of the three major sources were found to vary throughout the last two millennia, and in the Colville River core covary significantly with Alaskan temperature reconstructions.

Schreiner, Kathryn Melissa; Lowry, Thomas Stephen

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Tidal Wetland Vegetation in the San Francisco Bay-Delta Estuary  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Benefits and Costs of Balanced, Random Sampling quently encountered at local scales, but that Sand Mound

Vasey, Michael C.; Parker, V. Thomas; Callaway, John C.; Herbert, Ellen R.; Schile, Lisa M.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

UTKAL : Norsk Hydros forsøk på å delta i bauksittutvinning og aluminaproduksjon i India 1993-2002.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??I 1993 ble selskapet Utkal dannet i India av Norsk Hydro og to indiske partnere. Utkal skulle vurdere muligheten av aluminaproduksjon basert på store bauksittforekomster… (more)

Lenes, Kjetil

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

The Effect of delta-phase on Crack Propagation Under Creep and ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

hydraulic press for pancake making and finally for die-forging disks with different technology and followed same direct aging treatment. Two DA7 18 disks ...

436

Demonstration of perfect coherence preservation for matter-waves perturbed by a delta-kicked rotor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We demonstrate perfect coherence preservation in an atom interferometer perturbed by optical standing wave pulses acting as a kicked rotor. In our experiment we subject a cloud of cold rubidium atoms in a magnetic guide to periodic kicks from a sinusoidal potential created by standing wave pulses of off-resonant laser light propagating along the guiding direction. While, in general, we observed a strong decoherence of matter-waves due to applied perturbations the coherence is perfectly preserved for the conditions similar but not limited to quantum resonances of the quantum kicked rotor. Moreover, these conditions do not depend on the number of kicks applied or require any regularity in the pulse strengths. We show that the narrowing of the width of coherence revival as a function of increasing kick number provides a new method for precise measurement of recoil frequency.

Tonyushkin, A; Prentiss, M

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Not Yet Glowing: Sacramento Delta Anglers and the Distant Hum of Risk  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

fields following the Chernobyl disaster (Wynne, 1996).contamination came from Chernobyl, the farmers attached thepower and the tragedy of Chernobyl. The phrase seems nearly

White, Aubrey

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

External costs of oil and gas exploration in the Niger Delta Region of Nigeria.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? The purpose of this study was to investigate the phenomenal impact of oil and gas exploration on the host communities, with a central focus… (more)

Amaefule, Ezewuchi Fidelis

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Historic, Recent, and Future Subsidence, Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta, California, USA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Conservation Service. Volk BG. 1973. Everglades histosolMap MF–1401. Browder JA, Volk BG. 1978. Systems model ofmoisture (Knipling and others 1970; Volk 1973) and microbial

Deverel, Steven J; Leighton, David A

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Modified Delta-Eddington Approximation for Solar Reflection, Transmission, and Absorption Calculations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The fractional factor f of ?-function scaling in the ?-Eddington approximation modifies the fractional scattering into the forward peak. As shown in this paper, reasonably choosing the factor f can yield a great improvement of transmission, ...

Jinhuan Qiu

1999-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mekong delta vietnam" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Reconstruction of a high-resolution late holocene arctic paleoclimate record from Colville River delta sediments.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This work was partially supported by the Sandia National Laboratories,Laboratory Directed Research and Development' (LDRD) fellowship program in conjunction with Texas A&M University (TAMU). The research described herein is the work of Kathryn M. Schreiner (Katie') and her advisor, Thomas S. Bianchi and represents a concise description of Katie's dissertation that was submitted to the TAMU Office of Graduate Studies in May 2013 in partial fulfillment of her doctorate of philosophy degree. High Arctic permafrost soils contain a massive amount of organic carbon, accounting for twice as much carbon as what is currently stored as carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. However, with current warming trends this sink is in danger of thawing and potentially releasing large amounts of carbon as both carbon dioxide and methane into the atmosphere. It is difficult to make predictions about the future of this sink without knowing how it has reacted to past temperature and climate changes. This project investigated long term, fine scale particulate organic carbon (POC) delivery by the high-Arctic Colville River into Simpson's Lagoon in the near-shore Beaufort Sea. Modern POC was determined to be a mixture of three sources (riverine soils, coastal erosion, and marine). Downcore POC measurements were performed in a core close to the Colville River output and a core close to intense coastal erosion. Inputs of the three major sources were found to vary throughout the last two millennia, and in the Colville River core covary significantly with Alaskan temperature reconstructions.

Schreiner, Kathryn Melissa; Lowry, Thomas Stephen

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

A low-voltage zero-crossing-based delta-sigma analog-to-digital converter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A zero-crossing-based (ZCB) switched-capacitor technique is presented for operation under low power supply voltages without gate boosting. Voltage ramp generators maintain common-mode level at each integrator output. ...

Guyton, Matthew C. (Matthew Christopher)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Long-Term Trends in Summertime Habitat Suitability for Delta Smelt (Hypomesus transpacificus)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SA, Schoellhamer DH. 2004. Trends in the sediment yield ofKevin Fleming. 2008. Long-term Trends in Summertime HabitatTR. 2007. Multi- decadal trends for three declining fish

Nobriga, Matthew L.; Sommer, Ted R.; Feyrer, Frederick; Fleming, Kevin

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Pion nucleus single charge exchange reactions above the. delta. (1232) resonance  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Forward-angle differential cross sections for the (..pi../sup +/, ..pi../sup 0/) reaction leading to the Isobaric Analog State in the residual nuclei at 300, 425, 500 and 550 MeV have been measured. Targets ranged in mass from /sup 7/Li to /sup 208/Pb. A description of the experimental setup and the analysis is presented. The 0/sup 0/ cross sections are found to rise markedly between 300 and 425 MeV, contrary to the extrapolation from the lower energy data and to the behavior of the free pion-nucleon single charge exchange process. The angular distributions are sharply forward peaked. Systematics of the data indicate increased volume penetration with increasing pion beam energy. The cross sections are compared with the results of Glauber model calculations indicating the significance of higher order processes even at these energies. 67 refs., 40 figs., 22 tabs.

Rokni, S.H.

1987-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Levee Decisions and Sustainability for the Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DRMS) Topical Area: Subsidence. Available from: http://JF, Twiss R. 2005. Subsidence, sea level rise, seismicity inflooding: sea level rise, subsidence, changing inflows, and

Suddeth, Robyn J; Mount, Jeff; Lund, Jay R

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Re-Envisioning the Delta: Alternative Futures for the Heart of California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

from earthquake, flood, or soil subsidence. These risks areor from an earthquake- or subsidence-induced levee failure.t reflect the further soil subsidence of the last 35 years.

William Eisenstein

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Contemporaneous Subsidence and Levee Overtopping Potential, Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta, California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

JW, editor. 1998. Land subsidence case studies and currentof the Joseph Poland Subsidence Symposium;1995 Oct 4-5;Ingebritsen SE. 1999. Land subsidence in the United States.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Historic, Recent, and Future Subsidence, Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta, California, USA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

32:132–135. Weir WW. 1950. Subsidence of peat lands of theLH, Chen E. 1984. Organic soil subsidence. In: Holzer TL,editor. Man-induced land subsidence. Reviews in Engineering

Deverel, Steven J; Leighton, David A

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Processes Affecting Agricultural Drainwater Quality and Organic Carbon Loads in California's Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wang, and S. Rojstaczer. 1998. Subsidence of organic soils,Prokopovich, N.P. 1985. Subsidence of peat in California andDeverel, S.J. 1998. Subsidence mitigation in the Sacramento-

Deverel, Steven J; Leighton, David A; Finlay, Mark R

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Economic Costs and Adaptations for Alternative Regulations of California's Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

WATERSHED SCIENCE water operations models (Yeh 1985; Draperof Water Resources Planning and Management 135:303–313. YehWater Management. Draft documentation. Becker L, Yeh WWG,

Tanaka, Stacy K; Connell-Buck, Christina R.; Madani, Kaveh; Medellin-Azuara, Josue; Lund, Jay R; Hanak, Ellen

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Economic Costs and Adaptations for Alternative Regulations of California's Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

from greater use of desalination, wastewater 1 Watercoursebanking, recycling, desalination, and conservation. Finally,is developed, costs for desalination and recycled wastewater

Tanaka, Stacy K; Connell-Buck, Christina R.; Madani, Kaveh; Medellin-Azuara, Josue; Lund, Jay R; Hanak, Ellen

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Analytical Delta-Four-Stream Doubling–Adding Method for Radiative Transfer Parameterizations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Although single-layer solutions have been obtained for the ?-four-stream discrete ordinates method (DOM) in radiative transfer, a four-stream doubling–adding method (4DA) is lacking, which enables us to calculate the radiative transfer through a ...

Feng Zhang; Zhongping Shen; Jiangnan Li; Xiuji Zhou; Leiming Ma

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Ultra-low delta-v objects and the human exploration of asteroids  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Missions to near-Earth objects (NEOs) are key destinations in NASA's new ‘Flexible Path’ approach. NEOs are also of interest for science, for the hazards they pose, and for their resources. We emphasize the importance of ...

Elvis, Martin

454

Economic Costs and Adaptations for Alternative Regulations of California's Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Household and industrial water conservation is available atand businesses of water conservation measures and otherdesalination, and water conservation allow users to adapt,

Tanaka, Stacy K; Connell-Buck, Christina R.; Madani, Kaveh; Medellin-Azuara, Josue; Lund, Jay R; Hanak, Ellen

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Quantifying Holocene lithospheric subsidence rates underneath the Mississippi Delta Shi-Yong Yu a  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

­30 #12;Localized, "hot spot" subsidence and associated wetland loss in coastal Louisiana and Texas have, 6823 St. Charles Avenue, New Orleans, Louisiana 70118-5698, USA b Tulane/Xavier Center for Bioenvironmental Research, Tulane University, 6823 St. Charles Avenue, New Orleans, Louisiana 70118-5698, USA a b

Törnqvist, Torbjörn E.

456

Gaining Ground Wetlands, Hurricanes and the Economy: The Value of Restoring the Mississippi River Delta  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This report is a project of Earth Economics. The authors are responsible for the content of this report. Funding

David Batker; Isabel De La Torre; Robert Costanza; Paula Swedeen; John Day; Roelof Boumans; Kenneth Bagstad

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Conversion of essential fatty acids by Delta 6 desaturase in dog liver microsomes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Long Chain Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids (LCPUFA) are physiologically important precursors for eicosanoids, leukotrienes, and prostanoids. Desaturation of essential fatty acids (EFAs) by []6-desaturase is considered the rate-limiting step in conversion of EFAs to LCPUFA. This study was designed to study the conversion of EFAs by []6-desaturase in dog liver microsomes. Microsomes were prepared using fresh liver from healthy dogs. Microsomes were incubated with ¹?C labeled 18 carbon EFA substrates. Following incubation, lipids were extracted, saponified and phenacylated. The resulting fatty acid phenacyl esters (FAPES) were separated by HPLC. Radioactivity was measured with a liquid scintillation counter, converted to enzymatic activity, and expressed as pmol/min/mg protein. Using 18:3n-3 as substrate, the apparent []6-desaturase maximal velocity was 50.9 pmol/min/mg protein and using 18:2n-6 substrate, the maximal velocity was 5.4 pmol/min/mg protein. Apparent K[] values were 20.8 []M for 18:3n-3 and 41.8 []M for 18:2n-6. Maximal velocities were lower than previously reported in dogs and other species. Possible explanations include the presence of high endogenous fatty acid concentration (especially 18:2n-6) inherent in the dog liver microsome preparations providing high amounts of competitive non-radioactively labeled substrate, or methodological differences used in other studies. After accounting for endogenous 18:2n-6 fatty acids, the corrected V[] and K[] for the ?-LA substrate was 62.4 pmol/min/mg protein and 12.4 []M, respectively. Corrected values of V[] and K[] for LA substrate were not calculated due to interference from high endogenous LA ubstrate concentrations in the liver microsomes. Dog liver microsomes have the ability to desaturate EFAs. Also, the maximal velocity of []6-desaturase of 18:3n-3 is considerably higher than that of 18:2n-6 in vitro, while K[] values are similar. Physiologically, 18:3n-3 concentration in liver (2.4 []M) may never exceed the K[] for desaturation in the absence of high dietary amounts while 18:2n-6 amounts are readily converted because its concentration (64.4 []M) easily exceeds the K[]. These phenomena may explain the low in vivo conversion rate of 18:3n-3 in dogs and other species. These findings suggest that high levels of 18:3n-3 supplementation may be necessary to exceed the []6-desaturase K[] and significantly affect physiological levels of n-3 LCPUFA in the dog.

Dunbar, Brent Lee

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

IMPORTANCE OF FULL COULOMB INTERACTIONS FOR UNDERSTANDING THE ELECTRONIC STRUCTURE OF DELTA-Pu  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The solid-state properties of most elements are now well understood on the basis of quantum physics - with few exceptions, notably the element number 94, plutonium. Plutonium has six crystalline phases at ambient pressure, some of which are separated by unusual phase transitions with large discontinuities in volume, exhibit negative thermal expansion coefficients, or form exotic low-symmetry structures. The main challenge to explain these anomalous properties is that the characteristic ingredient of actinides, the 5f electronic states, are in the cross-over regime between the localized and delocalized (itinerant) behaviour in Pu. The early part of the actinide series with the 5f states being itinerant, i.e. part of the metallic bond, culminates with Pu; starting with Am (Z = 95), the 5f states are localized, nonbonding, and resemble the 4f states in lanthanides. Both itinerant and localized regimes are well covered by existing theories, but they cannot be simply interpolated due to the importance of dynamical electron-electron correlations. Here we present accurate quantum Monte Carlo calculations achieving previously inaccessible resolution. Obtained results demonstrate that interplay of the full Coulomb interaction vertex with spin-orbital coupling is crucial for understanding the experimentally observed spectral properties of plutonium near the Fermi level.

Gorelov, E; Kolorenc, J; Wehling, T; Hafermann, H; Lichtenstein, A I; Shick, A B; Rubtsov, A N; Katsnelson, M I; Landa, A; McMahan, A K

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

The Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta: The Evolution and Implementation of Water Policy: An Historical Perspective  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

at the City of Antioch water intake, a. 100 mg/l, as measurechloride or better water at the city's intake as measured atquality of water is provided at the intakes to the Contra

Jackson, W. Turrentine; Paterson, Alan M

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Spatial Forecast Verification: Baddeley’s Delta Metric Applied to the ICP Test Cases  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A mathematical displacement metric, Baddeley’s ?, is examined for verifying gridded forecasts against gridded observations using the Spatial Forecast Verification Methods Intercomparison Project test cases. Results are compared with several other ...

Eric Gilleland

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

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461

Non-delta-function electronic spectral densities in individual quantum dots  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Using a simplified model approach we estimate the optical line shape of the transition lines observable in photoluminescence experiments on quantum dots. We use the theory based on the interaction of electrons with the longitudinal optical phonons only. ... Keywords: 73.21.La, 73.63.Kv, 78.67.Hc, Electron-phonon coupling, Luminescence, Quantum dots

Karel Král

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

A study of the spin dependence of pion electroproduction near the [delta] region  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This work studies two double polarized pion electroproduction reactions 1(e', e'p)o0 and H(e', e'r+)n near the A region at the MIT-Bates Linear Accelerator Center. With the Bates Large Acceptance Spectrometer Toroid (BLAST) ...

Xiao, Yuan, Ph. D., 1974-

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Intrinsic Spin-Orbit Coupling in Superconducting Delta-Doped SrTiO3 Heterostructures  

SciTech Connect

We report the violation of the Pauli limit due to intrinsic spin-orbit coupling in SrTiO{sub 3} heterostructures. Via selective doping down to a few nanometers, a two-dimensional superconductor is formed, geometrically suppressing orbital pair-breaking. The spin-orbit scattering is exposed by the robust in-plane superconducting upper critical field, exceeding the Pauli limit by a factor of 4. Transport scattering times several orders of magnitude higher than for conventional thin film superconductors enables a new regime to be entered, where spin-orbit coupling effects arise non-perturbatively.

Bell, Christopher

2011-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

464

(RTD) of Fluid Flows in a Four Strand Delta-shaped Tundish  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract Scope, In this one third scale water model study of a four strand billet casting operation, residence time distribution (RTD) curves under steady state ...

465

Critical assessment of the delta smelt population in the San Francisco Estuary, California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Technical Report 52. Sacramento (CA): California Dept. ofIEP Technical Report 63. Sacramento, CA: California Dept. ofTechnical Report 61. Sacramento (CA): California Dept. of

Bennett, William A

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z