Sample records for medium united kingdom

  1. SUNY Programs: The United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suzuki, Masatsugu

    SUNY Programs: The United Kingdom & Ireland Semester, Academic Year and Short Term #12;1 Table of Contents How to Use This Booklet 1 Choosing a Program in the UK and Ireland 2 Exchange versus Study Abroad 3 Semester & Academic Year Programs 4 Programs in London 4 Programs outside of London 7 Programs

  2. AUSTRALIA BELGIUM CHINA FRANCE GERMANY HONG KONG SAR INDONESIA (ASSOCIATED OFFICE) ITALY JAPAN PAPUA NEW GUINEA SINGAPORE SPAIN SWEDEN UNITED ARAB EMIRATES UNITED KINGDOM UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Applebaum, David

    PAPUA NEW GUINEA SINGAPORE SPAIN SWEDEN UNITED ARAB EMIRATES UNITED KINGDOM UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

  3. Expedient benevolence : international development and the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pandit, Ninad (Ninad Ravindra)

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis examines the role of International Development in the United Kingdom during its transition from a colonial ruler to a neo-liberal capitalist state. Starting with the inter-war period, it looks at the changing ...

  4. Use of the Internet among dermatologists in the United Kingdom, Sweden and Norway

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gjersvik, Petter Jensen; Nylenna, Magne; Aasland, Olaf Gjerløw

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Denmark, Iceland, and Norway, 2000. [In Swedish]. 9.United Kingdom, Sweden and Norway Petter Jensen Gjersvik 1Kingdom, Sweden, and Norway. Six hundred fifty-three (51%)

  5. United Kingdom: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit withTianlin BaxinUmwelt Management AG UMaAG Jump to:UnipersonalUnitedUnited

  6. Bookstore orders from the United Kingdom, Europe, Africa, the Middle East, India, and Pakistan and all sales enquiries should be directed to our United Kingdom distributor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Landweber, Laura

    Bookstore orders from the United Kingdom, Europe, Africa, the Middle East, India, and Pakistan Kingdom Tel: +44 207 515 1011 peter@jjacques.demon.co.uk Pakistan-- Saleem A. Malik World Press 27-1 Al Firdous Avenue Faiz Road, Muslim Town Lahore 54600 Punjab, Pakistan Tel: +92 042 3588 1617 worldpress

  7. J. Fluid Mech. (2006), vol. 555, pp. 353362. c 2006 Cambridge University Press doi:10.1017/S0022112006009578 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huppert, Herbert

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the volume of the resulting gravity current increases with time like t and show that for short times0022112006009578 Printed in the United Kingdom 353 Gravity currents in a porous medium at an inclined plane the current spreads axisymmetrically, with radius r t(+1)/4 , while at long times it spreads predominantly

  8. All fired-up about coal : technology & policy recommendations for the 2030 United Kingdom energy strategy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Donnelly, Kathy A. (Kathy Ann)

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Given United Kingdom (UK) carbon dioxide emissions policies that direct attention at the electricity segment, the focus is on the largest electricity polluter, coal, and the immediately pressing issue of UK coal policy. ...

  9. PRINCETON CHARITABLE FOUNDATION LIMITED 19 NORCOTT ROAD LONDON N16 7EJ UNITED KINGDOM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    PRINCETON CHARITABLE FOUNDATION LIMITED 19 NORCOTT ROAD · LONDON N16 7EJ · UNITED KINGDOM GIFT AID DECLARATION Registered Office Address -- 16 Old Bailey, London EC4M 7EG Princeton Charitable Foundation

  10. A comparison of the progression on sustainable procurement between England and Scotland following the United Kingdom’s third sustainable development strategy 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Woodward, Caitlin

    In 2005, the United Kingdom published its third sustainable development strategy and simultaneously announced its goal to become a leader in the European Union on sustainable procurement by 2009. Four sustainable development priorities and six key...

  11. Brighton, United Kingdom: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty EditCalifornia:Power LP Biomass Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name2Kingdom:

  12. J. Mar. Biol. Ass. U.K. (2007), 87, 17851790 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ilan, Micha

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    activity (mainly inhibition of Escherichia coli growth) or ichthyotoxicity assays, during the last twoJ. Mar. Biol. Ass. U.K. (2007), 87, 1785­1790 Printed in the United Kingdom Journal of the Marine with extracts of Niphates rowi were eaten by both wrasse species. INTRODUCTION Of all the marine invertebrates

  13. u.s. Water Institutes/Centers Celebrate 25th Anniversary United Kingdom Geophysicist Now

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nebraska-Lincoln, University of

    of ground and surface water by heavy metals, excessive nutrient levels in lakes that lead to eutrophicationu.s. Water Institutes/Centers Celebrate 25th Anniversary United Kingdom Geophysicist Now Head of UNL Geology Department Groundwater quality remains a major emphasis for study at water resources

  14. A cross-cultural comparison of leadership skills across the United States, the United Kingdom and Italy: a quantitative design using internet technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moro, Fabio

    2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study focused on cross-cultural leadership styles between the United States, the United Kingdom and the Republic of Italy to determine if any significant statistical differences in leadership style exist. It is a common belief that leadership...

  15. Norwich, United Kingdom: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOfRoseConcerns Jumpsource History ViewTexas: EnergyWindNorwich, United

  16. United Kingdom Department for International Development | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit withTianlin BaxinUmwelt Management AG UMaAG Jump to:UnipersonalUnited

  17. EA-1123: Transfer of Normal and Low-Enriched Uranium Billets to the United Kingdom, Hanford Site, Richland, Washington

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This EA evaluates the environmental impacts of the proposal to transfer approximately 710,000 kilograms (1,562,000 pounds) of unneeded normal and low-enriched uranium to the United Kingdom; thus,...

  18. CCFE is the fusion research arm of the United Kingdom Atomic Energy Authority Culham Materials Research Facility -for universities,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McDonald, Kirk

    CCFE is the fusion research arm of the United Kingdom Atomic Energy Authority Culham Materials. · Operational with active materials early 2015. #12;#12;FAFNIR 14MeV Neutron Source · Prioritized list

  19. J. Fluid Mech. (1997), vol. 345, pp. 4578. Printed in the United Kingdom c 1997 Cambridge University Press

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Texas at Austin. University of

    J. Fluid Mech. (1997), vol. 345, pp. 45­78. Printed in the United Kingdom c 1997 Cambridge-mail: svanhook@chaos.ph.utexas.edu (Received 30 September 1996 and in revised form 4 March 1997) Surface

  20. J. Fluid Mech. (2000), vol. 403, pp. 305328. Printed in the United Kingdom c 2000 Cambridge University Press

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dalziel, Stuart

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    J. Fluid Mech. (2000), vol. 403, pp. 305­328. Printed in the United Kingdom c 2000 Cambridge, where kinetic energy is transferred from the impacting body to dust particles through direct contact with wind speed and soi

  1. Gatsby Computational Neuroscience Unit 17 Queen Square, London University College London WC1N 3AR, United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Welling, Max

    statistics of the data. We may define the energy E of the system at a particular state fv; hg to be, E(v; h, United Kingdom http://www.gatsby.ucl.ac.uk +44 20 7679 1176 Funded in part by the Gatsby Charitable. This eliminates the need to estimate equilibrium statistics, so we do not need to ap­ proximate the multimodal

  2. J. Fluid Mech. (2000), vol. 421, pp. 3981. Printed in the United Kingdom c 2000 Cambridge University Press

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kloosterziel, Rudolf C.

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    J. Fluid Mech. (2000), vol. 421, pp. 39­81. Printed in the United Kingdom c 2000 Cambridge, the horizontal wind stress (vector), z the vertical unit vector pointing upwards and ws the vertical Ekman remaining vortices are determined, a simple expression for what fraction of the initial energy is converted

  3. European legislation in the United Kingdom: a threat to coal-fired power station product utilization?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sear, K.A. [Quality Ash Association (United Kingdom)

    2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The author considers that the European Union has not taken the approach adopted in the USA where environmental regulators are keen to promote the use of coal-fired power station ash by-product and recycled materials. The United Kingdom has seen, with some dismay, the effects EU legislation is having on the ash industry. This article outlines only some of the problems being tackled. The Waste Framework Directive is difficult to interpret and fails to define critical aspects of the problem. This directive is discussed at some length in the article. A total of nine directives effect the operation of coal-fired power plant. Many are imprecise and open to interpretation and cause a deal of frustration, delays and confusion to the ash supplier and contractor. This is causing markets to suffer.

  4. J. Fluid Mech. (2000), vol. 422, pp. 5568. Printed in the United Kingdom c 2000 Cambridge University Press

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wesfreid, José Eduardo

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    devices used in nuclear fuel reprocessing because it may allow accurate control of the fluid residence time. In the nuclear fuel cycle, the main steps of the reprocessing are carried out by liquidJ. Fluid Mech. (2000), vol. 422, pp. 55­68. Printed in the United Kingdom c 2000 Cambridge

  5. CCFE is the fusion research arm of the United Kingdom Atomic Energy Authority Presentation to PhD and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -2060 shows a scenario of future energy consumption based on current trends. 1880 1900 19801940 20201920 energy consumption (efficiency improvement balances growth) 10 12 14 16 18 20 Gtoe Developing countriesCCFE is the fusion research arm of the United Kingdom Atomic Energy Authority Presentation to Ph

  6. J. Fluid Mech. (2001), vol. 433, pp. 161192. Printed in the United Kingdom c 2001 Cambridge University Press

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haller, Merrick

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    J. Fluid Mech. (2001), vol. 433, pp. 161­192. Printed in the United Kingdom c 2001 Cambridge). In general, rip currents arise from longshore variations in the incident wind wave forcing. For example 1978). In these models, rip current circulations derive their energy from the incident waves through

  7. J. Fluid Mech. (2000), vol. 418, pp. 2557. Printed in the United Kingdom c 2000 Cambridge University Press

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kirby, James T.

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    J. Fluid Mech. (2000), vol. 418, pp. 25­57. Printed in the United Kingdom c 2000 Cambridge that occur in nature under steady, one-directional flow conditions. They are important as energy dissipators. Veeramony, J. Bakunin and J. T. Kirby bypassed this problem by conducting the measurements in a wind tunnel

  8. Biofilms (2004) 1, 239263 C 2005 Cambridge University Press doi:10.1017/S1479050505001596 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jacob, Eshel Ben

    in the United Kingdom REVIEW ARTICLE Bacteria harnessing complexity E. Ben Jacob , Y. Aharonov and Y. Shapira interpretations of chemical cues, exchange of meaning-bearing chemical messages, and dialogues. The meaning context. * Corresponding author: Dr E. Ben Jacob School of Physics and Astronomy Raymond & Beverly Sackler

  9. ,"Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas Re-Exports to United Kingdom (Million Cubic Feet)"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources and Shipments;NetPrice (DollarsVolumeCoalbedUnited Kingdom (Million Cubic

  10. J. Fluid Mech. (2006), vol. 548, pp. 281308. c 2006 Cambridge University Press doi:10.1017/S0022112005007536 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    0022112005007536 Printed in the United Kingdom 281 Internal gravity waves in a dipolar wind: a wave motions are strongly constrained, energy is either radiated as internal waves, which propagate away from

  11. J. Fluid Mech. (2006), vol. 547, pp. 361388. c 2006 Cambridge University Press doi:10.1017/S0022112005007317 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grilli, Stéphan T.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    0022112005007317 Printed in the United Kingdom 361 Numerical study of three-dimensional overturning waves the mechanisms of air­ sea interactions, such as energy and momentum transfer from wind to water and from waves

  12. J. Fluid Mech. (2007), vol. 582, pp. 153168. c 2007 Cambridge University Press doi:10.1017/S0022112007006209 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Z. Jane

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    0022112007006209 Printed in the United Kingdom 153 Energy-minimizing kinematics in hovering insect flight GORDON J, as there is no ambient wind to aid in lift generation. Accordingly, a reasonable hypothesis is that insects move

  13. United Kingdom Carotid Artery Stent Registry: Short- and Long-Term Outcomes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Goode, S. D., E-mail: s.goode@sheffield.ac.uk; Cleveland, T. J.; Gaines, P. A. [Northern General Hospital, Sheffield Vascular Institute (United Kingdom)] [Northern General Hospital, Sheffield Vascular Institute (United Kingdom)

    2013-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Background: Carotid artery stenting (CAS) has evolved to treat carotid artery disease with the intention of prevent stroke. The British Society of Interventional Radiologists developed a voluntary registry to monitor the practice of this novel procedure. We present the data from the United Kingdom (UK) CAS registry for short and long-term outcomes for symptomatic and asymptomatic carotid disease. Methods: The UK CAS registry collected data from 1998 to 2010 from 31 hospitals across the UK for 1,154 patients. All interventions were enrolled in the registry for both asymptomatic and symptomatic patients. Initial entry forms were completed for each patient entered with data including indications, demographic data, CAS data (including stents and protection device details) and 30-day outcomes. Complications were documented. Follow-up data were collected at yearly intervals. Results: Nine hundred fifty-three (83 %) symptomatic and 201 (17 %) asymptomatic patients were enrolled into the registry. The 30-day all stroke and death rates for symptomatic patients were 5.5 and 2.2 % for those with asymptomatic disease. The 30-day mortality rate was 1.7 % for symptomatic and 0.6 % for asymptomatic patients. For symptomatic patients undergoing CAS, the 7-year all-cause mortality rate was 22.2 % and for asymptomatic patients 18.1 %. The 7-year all-cause mortality and disabling stroke rates were 25.3 and 19.4 %, respectively. Conclusion: These data indicate that outside of the tight constraints of a randomised trial, CAS provides effective prophylaxis against stroke and death.

  14. Environmental assessment: Transfer of normal and low-enriched uranium billets to the United Kingdom, Hanford Site, Richland, Washington

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Under the auspices of an agreement between the U.S. and the United Kingdom, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has an opportunity to transfer approximately 710,000 kilograms (1,562,000 pounds) of unneeded normal and low-enriched uranium (LEU) to the United Kingdom; thus, reducing long-term surveillance and maintenance burdens at the Hanford Site. The material, in the form of billets, is controlled by DOE`s Defense Programs, and is presently stored as surplus material in the 300 Area of the Hanford Site. The United Kingdom has expressed a need for the billets. The surplus uranium billets are currently stored in wooden shipping containers in secured facilities in the 300 Area at the Hanford Site (the 303-B and 303-G storage facilities). There are 482 billets at an enrichment level (based on uranium-235 content) of 0.71 weight-percent. This enrichment level is normal uranium; that is, uranium having 0.711 as the percentage by weight of uranium-235 as occurring in nature. There are 3,242 billets at an enrichment level of 0.95 weight-percent (i.e., low-enriched uranium). This inventory represents a total of approximately 532 curies. The facilities are routinely monitored. The dose rate on contact of a uranium billet is approximately 8 millirem per hour. The dose rate on contact of a wooden shipping container containing 4 billets is approximately 4 millirem per hour. The dose rate at the exterior of the storage facilities is indistinguishable from background levels.

  15. FLEGT Asia, Baseline Study 1, China: Overview of Forest Law Enforcement, Governance and Trade, June 2011 This Action is funded by the European Union and Governments of Finland, France, Germany, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , June 2011 This Action is funded by the European Union and Governments of Finland, France, Germany of Finland, France, Germany, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom. www

  16. ancient peruvian kingdom: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    All fired-up about coal : technology & policy recommendations for the 2030 United Kingdom energy strategy MIT - DSpace Summary: Given United Kingdom (UK) carbon dioxide emissions...

  17. An evaluation of the United Kingdom Clean Coal Power Generation Group`s air-blown gasification cycle

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wheeldon, J.M.; Brown, R.A. [Electric Power Research Inst., Palo Alto, CA (United States); McKinsey, R.R. [Bechtel Group, Inc., San Francisco, CA (United States); Dawes, S.G. [British Coal Corp., Cheltenham (United Kingdom)

    1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) is conducting an engineering and economic study of various pressurized fluidized-bed combustor (PFBC) designs. Studies have been completed on bubbling and circulating PFBC technologies and on an advanced PFBC power plant technology, in which the feed coal is partially gasified and the residual char burned in a PFBC. The United Kingdom Clean Coal Power Generation Group`s (CCPGG) air-blown gasification cycle (ABGC), known formerly as the British Coal Topping Cycle, also partially gasifies the feed coal, but uses a circulating atmospheric fluidized-bed combustor (AFBC) to burn the residual char. Although not a PFBC plant, the study was completed to effect a comparison with the advanced PFBC cycle.

  18. Quarterly Reviews of Biophysics 35, 3 (2002), pp. 205286. " 2002 Cambridge University Press DOI: 10.1017/S0033583502003785 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Plotkin, Steven S.

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    : 10.1017/S0033583502003785 Printed in the United Kingdom 205 Understanding protein folding with energy and kinetics of protein folding 234 5.1 A protein Hamiltonian with cooperative interactions 234 5.2 Variance of native contact energies 235 5.3 Thermodynamics of protein folding 236 5.4 Free-energy surfaces

  19. Acta Numerica (2009), pp. 243275 c Cambridge University Press, 2009 doi: 10.1017/S0962492906410011 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    direct solvers for integral equations in 3D domains 245 equation formulations has reduced the net work Printed in the United Kingdom Fast direct solvers for integral equations in complex three@cs.yale.edu This work was supported in part by the Applied Mathematical Sciences Program of the US Department of Energy

  20. Acta Numerica (2009), pp. 170 c Cambridge University Press, 2009 doi: 10.1017/S0962492906420018 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hou, Thomas Yizhao

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Printed in the United Kingdom Blow-up or no blow-up? A unified computational and analytic approach to 3D and Bertozzi 2002). But these methods based on energy estimates do not gen- eralize to the 3D Navier-50, Caltech, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA E-mail: hou@acm.caltech.edu Whether the 3D incompressible Euler

  1. Acta Numerica (2009), pp. 133 c Cambridge University Press, 2009 doi: 10.1017/S0962492906410011 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martinsson, Gunnar

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    solvers for integral equations in 3D domains 3 equation formulations has reduced the net work required Printed in the United Kingdom Fast direct solvers for integral equations in complex three@cs.yale.edu This work was supported in part by the Applied Mathematical Sciences Program of the US Department of Energy

  2. Proceedings of the Second Conference on the Human Dimensions of Wildland Fire GTR-NRS-P-84 44 WILDFIRE IN THE UNITED KINGDOM: STATUS AND KEY ISSUES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .K. wildfire management. Wildfires challenge the resources of U.K. Fire and Rescue Services (FRSs), especially in the north and west of the United Kingdom is blanket bog on deep peat. This moorland is the U.K.'s most because firefighters have trouble reaching them and because peat fires are especially dangerous

  3. J. Fluid Mech. (2008), vol. 609, pp. 275284. c 2008 Cambridge University Press doi:10.1017/S0022112008002528 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of the fuel is large enough that the heat flux caused by the local fluid strain rate surpasses the heat sourceJ. Fluid Mech. (2008), vol. 609, pp. 275­284. c 2008 Cambridge University Press doi:10.1017/S0022112008002528 Printed in the United Kingdom 275 The effect of a lifted flame on the stability of round fuel jets

  4. J. Fluid Mech. (2008), vol. 595, pp. 291321. c 2008 Cambridge University Press doi:10.1017/S0022112007009226 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    of parametric instability in a rotating cylinder subject to periodic axial compression by small sinusoidal0022112007009226 Printed in the United Kingdom 291 Parametric instability in a rotating cylinder of gas subject to sinusoidal axial compression. Part 2. Weakly nonlinear theory J.-P. RACZ AND J. F. S COTT Laboratoire de M

  5. J. Fluid Mech. (2006), vol. 556, pp. 125. c 2006 Cambridge University Press doi:10.1017/S0022112006009141 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blennerhassett, Peter

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    is the prototype unsteady viscous boundary layer and some form of Stokes layer occurs on the bounding surfaces point of view the planar Stokes layer is a paradigm for purely oscillatory parallel flows and several0022112006009141 Printed in the United Kingdom 1 The linear stability of high-frequency oscillatory flow

  6. Acta Numerica (2012), pp. 001 c Cambridge University Press, 2012 doi:10.1017/S09624929 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dongarra, Jack

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in the United Kingdom High Performance Computing Systems: Status and Outlook J.J. Dongarra University in High Performance Computing 59 13 HPC Challenges 72 References 91 1. Introduction High Performance 2 discusses the main architectural classification of high-performance computers; Section 3 presents

  7. J. Fluid Mech. (2007), vol. 574, pp. 5984. c 2007 Cambridge University Press doi:10.1017/S0022112006004034 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mahesh, Krishnan

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    0022112006004034 Printed in the United Kingdom 59 Direct numerical simulation of round turbulent jets in crossflow numerical simulation is used to study a round turbulent jet in a laminar crossflow. The ratio of bulk jet velocity to free-stream crossflow velocity is 5.7 and the Reynolds number based on the bulk jet velocity

  8. J. Fluid Mech. (2009), vol. 624, pp. 3344. c 2009 Cambridge University Press doi:10.1017/S0022112009006053 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    0022112009006053 Printed in the United Kingdom 33 Global stability of a jet in crossflow SHERVIN BAGHERI1 , PHILIPP stability analysis shows that the jet in crossflow is characterized by self- sustained global oscillations for a jet-to-crossflow velocity ratio of 3. A fully three- dimensional unstable steady-state solution

  9. J. Fluid Mech. (2008), vol. 604, pp. 389409. c 2008 Cambridge University Press doi:10.1017/S0022112008001328 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mahesh, Krishnan

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    0022112008001328 Printed in the United Kingdom 389 Dynamics and mixing of vortex rings in crossflow RAJES SAU to study the effect of crossflow on the dynamics, entrainment and mixing characteristics of vortex rings of the average nozzle exit velocity to free-stream crossflow velocity) and stroke ratio (ratio of stroke length

  10. J. Fluid Mech. (2002), vol. 464, pp. 81111. c 2002 Cambridge University Press DOI: 10.1017/S0022112002001015 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dhanak, Manhar R.

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    0022112002001015 Printed in the United Kingdom 81 Turbulent convection driven by surface cooling in shallow water measurements during such events show significant turbulent mixing and enhanced rates of kinetic energy dissipation in areas with depths up to 15 m. During the passage of the front, the accompanying winds, over

  11. J. Fluid Mech. (2004), vol. 498, pp. 289313. c 2004 Cambridge University Press DOI: 10.1017/S0022112003006815 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dalziel, Stuart

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    0022112003006815 Printed in the United Kingdom 289 Internal wave fields and drag generated by a translating body the subject of many studies. Examples include `lee waves' produced by a steady wind flowing over a mountain waves the group and phase velocities are perpendicular, so that energy is transported parallel

  12. J. Fluid Mech. (2006), vol. 568, pp. 303327. c 2006 Cambridge University Press doi:10.1017/S002211200600231X Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Muraki, David J.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    002211200600231X Printed in the United Kingdom 303 A resonant instability of steady mountain waves By YOUNGSUK LEE and clear air turbulence. Propagation of these waves is important to the transport of momentum and energy wind, the nonlinear steady streamfunction satisfies a linear Helmholtz equation. The wave solutions

  13. J. Fluid Mech. (2006), vol. 556, pp. 189216. c 2006 Cambridge University Press doi:10.1017/S0022112006009451 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zuccher, Simone

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    0022112006009451 Printed in the United Kingdom 189 Parabolic approach to optimal perturbations in compressible are well-known for being responsible for the `lift-up' effect. Consequently, the energy norm of the inlet of the energy norm at the outlet is studied, testing full (all velocity components and temperature) and partial

  14. J. Fluid Mech. (2004), vol. 503, pp. 171200. c 2004 Cambridge University Press DOI: 10.1017/S0022112003007699 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Young, Yuan N.

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    0022112003007699 Printed in the United Kingdom 171 Weakly nonlinear analysis of wind-driven gravity waves that gravity waves are amplified by an influx of energy through the critical layer, where the velocity of the wind equals the wave phase velocity. As the wave becomes of finite amplitude nonlinearities have

  15. J. Fluid Mech. (2008), vol. 608, pp. 161196. c 2008 Cambridge University Press doi:10.1017/S0022112008002073 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Noack, Bernd R.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    0022112008002073 Printed in the United Kingdom 161 Feedback shear layer control for bluff body drag reduction MARK. This actuation is tested in a wind tunnel. The Reynolds number based on the height of the body ranges from 23 000 energy. 1. Introduction We experimentally study the effect of open- and closed-loop flow control

  16. J. Fluid Mech. (2002), vol. 462, pp. 383409. c 2002 Cambridge University Press DOI: 10.1017/S0022112002008649 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lopez, John M.

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    0022112002008649 Printed in the United Kingdom 383 Instability and mode interactions in a differentially driven systems. Linear barotropic instabilities that convert basic flow kinetic energy into eddy kinetic energy wind distribution in the tropics at planetary wavenumber 3 and 4 may be responsible for the `two

  17. J. Fluid Mech. (2007), vol. 585, pp. 395420. c 2007 Cambridge University Press doi:10.1017/S0022112007006763 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lavoie, Philippe

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    0022112007006763 Printed in the United Kingdom 395 Effects of initial conditions in decaying turbulence generated of the energy spectrum at low wavenumbers. However, the results show that these effects are primarily related to deviations between the turbulence produced in the wind tunnel and true decaying homogenous isotropic

  18. J. Fluid Mech. (2007), vol. 575, pp. 307332. c 2007 Cambridge University Press doi:10.1017/S0022112006004460 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Metzger, Bloen

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , the sedimentation of non-Brownian particles at low Reynolds number remains problematic to model. The difficulty is that of a sedimenting suspension of mono-disperse spheres, see e.g. Nicolai et al. (1995), Segr`e, Herbolzheimer0022112006004460 Printed in the United Kingdom 307 Experimental investigation of the instability of a sedimenting

  19. Diagnostic experiments at a 3 MeV test stand at Rutherford Appleton Laboratory (United Kingdom)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gabor, C. [ASTeC Intense Beams Group, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Oxfordshire OX11 0QX (United Kingdom); Faircloth, D. C.; Lawrie, S. R.; Letchford, A. P. [Isis Pulsed Spallation Neutron Source, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Oxfordshire OX11 0QX (United Kingdom); Lee, D. A. [Department of Physics, Imperial College of Science and Technology, London SW7 2AZ (United Kingdom); Pozimski, J. K. [Isis Pulsed Spallation Neutron Source, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Oxfordshire OX11 0QX (United Kingdom); Department of Physics, Imperial College of Science and Technology, London SW7 2AZ (United Kingdom)

    2010-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A front end is currently under construction consisting of a H{sup -} Penning ion source (65 keV, 60 mA), low energy beam transport (LEBT), and radio frequency quadrupole (3 MeV output energy) with a medium energy beam transport suitable for high power proton applications. Diagnostics can be divided either in destructive techniques such as beam profile monitor, pepperpot, slit-slit emittance scanner (preferably used during commissioning) or nondestructive, permanently installed devices such as photodetachment-based techniques. Another way to determine beam distributions is a scintillator with charge-coupled device camera. First experiments have been performed to control the beam injection into the LEBT. The influence of beam parameters such as particle energy and space-charge compensation on the two-dimensional distribution and profiles will be presented.

  20. An integrated appraisal of energy recovery options in the United Kingdom using solid recovered fuel derived from municipal solid waste

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Garg, A.; Smith, R. [Sustainable Systems Department, School of Applied Sciences, Cranfield University, Cranfield, Bedfordshire, MK43 0AL (United Kingdom); Hill, D. [DPH Environment and Energy Ltd., c/o Sustainable Systems Department, School of Applied Sciences, Cranfield University, Cranfield, Bedfordshire, MK43 0AL (United Kingdom); Longhurst, P.J.; Pollard, S.J.T. [Sustainable Systems Department, School of Applied Sciences, Cranfield University, Cranfield, Bedfordshire, MK43 0AL (United Kingdom); Simms, N.J. [Sustainable Systems Department, School of Applied Sciences, Cranfield University, Cranfield, Bedfordshire, MK43 0AL (United Kingdom)], E-mail: n.j.simms@cranfield.ac.uk

    2009-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper reports an integrated appraisal of options for utilising solid recovered fuels (SRF) (derived from municipal solid waste, MSW) in energy intensive industries within the United Kingdom (UK). Four potential co-combustion scenarios have been identified following discussions with industry stakeholders. These scenarios have been evaluated using (a) an existing energy and mass flow framework model, (b) a semi-quantitative risk analysis, (c) an environmental assessment and (d) a financial assessment. A summary of results from these evaluations for the four different scenarios is presented. For the given ranges of assumptions; SRF co-combustion with coal in cement kilns was found to be the optimal scenario followed by co-combustion of SRF in coal-fired power plants. The biogenic fraction in SRF (ca. 70%) reduces greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions significantly ({approx}2500 g CO{sub 2} eqvt./kg DS SRF in co-fired cement kilns and {approx}1500 g CO{sub 2} eqvt./kg DS SRF in co-fired power plants). Potential reductions in electricity or heat production occurred through using a lower calorific value (CV) fuel. This could be compensated for by savings in fuel costs (from SRF having a gate fee) and grants aimed at reducing GHG emission to encourage the use of fuels with high biomass fractions. Total revenues generated from coal-fired power plants appear to be the highest ( Pounds 95/t SRF) from the four scenarios. However overall, cement kilns appear to be the best option due to the low technological risks, environmental emissions and fuel cost. Additionally, cement kiln operators have good experience of handling waste derived fuels. The scenarios involving co-combustion of SRF with MSW and biomass were less favourable due to higher environmental risks and technical issues.

  1. Nicholas (Nick) Ambraseys was born in Athens (Greece) on 19th January 1929 and died peacefully at his home in Putney (London, United Kingdom) on 28th December 2012 at the age of 83. Nick

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    D, which he was awarded in 1958. Following a few years at universities in Greece and in the United States at his home in Putney (London, United Kingdom) on 28th December 2012 at the age of 83. Nick attended of America he returned to Imperial College and remained there until his death. He was made Professor

  2. Head Office: 1 Trumpington Street, Cambridge, CB2 1QA, United Kingdom Telephone: +44 (0)1223 768850

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    )2 894 93 20 www.cisl.cam.ac.uk Patron: HRH The Prince of Wales Embargoed: 9am BST, 4 September 2014, cities, defence, employment, energy, investment, fisheries, primary industries, tourism, and transport in the medium and long term. We cannot understand a long term business strategy without taking

  3. Decommissioning of the Dragon High Temperature Reactor (HTR) Located at the Former United Kingdom Atomic Energy Authority (UKAEA) Research Site at Winfrith - 13180

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Smith, Anthony A. [Research Sites Restoration Ltd, Winfrith, Dorset (United Kingdom)] [Research Sites Restoration Ltd, Winfrith, Dorset (United Kingdom)

    2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Dragon Reactor was constructed at the United Kingdom Atomic Energy Research Establishment at Winfrith in Dorset through the late 1950's and into the early 1960's. It was a High Temperature Gas Cooled Reactor (HTR) with helium gas coolant and graphite moderation. It operated as a fuel testing and demonstration reactor at up to 20 MW (Thermal) from 1964 until 1975, when international funding for this project was terminated. The fuel was removed from the core in 1976 and the reactor was put into Safestore. To meet the UK's Nuclear Decommissioning Authority (NDA) objective to 'drive hazard reduction' [1] it is necessary to decommission and remediate all the Research Sites Restoration Ltd (RSRL) facilities. This includes the Dragon Reactor where the activated core, pressure vessel and control rods and the contaminated primary circuit (including a {sup 90}Sr source) still remain. It is essential to remove these hazards at the appropriate time and return the area occupied by the reactor to a safe condition. (author)

  4. Analytical optimization of digital subtraction mammography with contrast medium using a commercial unit

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rosado-Mendez, I.; Palma, B. A.; Brandan, M. E. [Instituto de Fisica, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, 04510 Mexico City (Mexico)

    2008-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Contrast-medium-enhanced digital mammography (CEDM) is an image subtraction technique which might help unmasking lesions embedded in very dense breasts. Previous works have stated the feasibility of CEDM and the imperative need of radiological optimization. This work presents an extension of a former analytical formalism to predict contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) in subtracted mammograms. The goal is to optimize radiological parameters available in a clinical mammographic unit (x-ray tube anode/filter combination, voltage, and loading) by maximizing CNR and minimizing total mean glandular dose (D{sub gT}), simulating the experimental application of an iodine-based contrast medium and the image subtraction under dual-energy nontemporal, and single- or dual-energy temporal modalities. Total breast-entrance air kerma is limited to a fixed 8.76 mGy (1 R, similar to screening studies). Mathematical expressions obtained from the formalism are evaluated using computed mammographic x-ray spectra attenuated by an adipose/glandular breast containing an elongated structure filled with an iodinated solution in various concentrations. A systematic study of contrast, its associated variance, and CNR for different spectral combinations is performed, concluding in the proposal of optimum x-ray spectra. The linearity between contrast in subtracted images and iodine mass thickness is proven, including the determination of iodine visualization limits based on Rose's detection criterion. Finally, total breast-entrance air kerma is distributed between both images in various proportions in order to maximize the figure of merit CNR{sup 2}/D{sub gT}. Predicted results indicate the advantage of temporal subtraction (either single- or dual-energy modalities) with optimum parameters corresponding to high-voltage, strongly hardened Rh/Rh spectra. For temporal techniques, CNR was found to depend mostly on the energy of the iodinated image, and thus reduction in D{sub gT} could be achieved if the spectral energy of the noniodinated image is decreased and the breast-entrance air kerma is evenly distributed between both acquisitions. Predicted limits, in terms of iodine concentration, are found to guarantee the visualization of common clinical angiogenic concentrations in the breast.

  5. J. Fluid Mech. (2008), vol. 606, pp. 75104. c 2008 Cambridge University Press doi:10.1017/S0022112008001572 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    J. Fluid Mech. (2008), vol. 606, pp. 75­104. c 2008 Cambridge University Press doi:10.1017/S of the dimensionless hydraulic permeability of the Brinkman medium. The free motion of the neutrally buoyant sphere for several values of the dimensionless hydraulic permeability. The work is motivated by insights it offers

  6. Lung cancer and indoor pollution from heating and cooking with solid fuels - The IARIC International Multicentre Case-Control study in Eastern/Central Europe and the United Kingdom

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lissowska, J.; Bardin-Mikolajczak, A.; Fletcher, T.; Zaridze, D.; Szeszenia-Dabrowska, N.; Rudnai, P.; Fabianova, E.; Cassidy, A.; Mates, D.; Holcatova, I.; Vitova, V.; Janout, V.; Mannetje, A.; Brennan, P.; Boffetta, P. [Center for Cancer, Warsaw (Poland). Dept. of Epidemiology & Cancer Prevention

    2005-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Exposure to fuel from cooking and heating has not been studied in Europe, where lung cancer rates are high and many residents have had a long tradition of burning coal and unprocessed biomass. Study subjects included 2,861 cases and 3,118 controls recruited during 1998-2002 in the Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, and the United Kingdom. The odds ratio of lung cancer associated with solid fuel use was 1.22 (95% confidence interval (CI): 1.04, 1.44) for cooking or heating, 1.37 (95% CI: 0.90, 2.09) for solid fuel only for cooking, and 1.24 (95% CI: 1.05, 1.47) for solid fuels used for both cooking and heating. Risk increased relative to the percentage of time that solid fuel was used for cooking (P-trend {lt} 0.0001), while no risk increase was detected for solid fuel used for heating. The odds ratio of lung cancer in whole-life users of solid cooking fuel was 1.80 (95% CI: 1.35, 2.40). Switching to nonsolid fuels resulted in a decrease in risk. The odds ratio for the longest duration of time since switching was 0.76 (95% CI: 0.63, 0.92). The data suggest a modest increased risk of lung cancer related to solid-fuel use for cooking rather than heating.

  7. A comparison of dose and dose-rate conversion factors from the Soviet Union, United Kingdom, US Department of Energy, and the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory Fusion Safety Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rood, A.S.; Abbott, M.L.

    1991-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Several independent data sets of radiological dose and dose-rate conversion factors (DCF/DRCF) have been tabulated or developed by the international community both for fission and fusion safety purposes. This report compares sets from the US Department of Energy, the Soviet Union, and the United Kingdom with those calculated by the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory Fusion Safety Program. The objectives were to identify trends and potential outlying values for specific radionuclides and contribute to a future benchmark evaluation of the CARR computer code. Fifty-year committed effective dose equivalent factors were compared for the inhalation and ingestion pathways. External effective dose equivalent rates were compared for the air immersion and ground surface exposure pathways. Comparisons were made by dividing dose factors in the different data bases by the values in the FSP data base. Differences in DCF/DRCF values less than a factor of 2 were considered to be in good agreement and are likely due to the use of slightly different decay data, variations in the number of organs considered for calculating CEDE, and rounding errors. DCF/DRCF values that differed by greater than a factor of 10 were considered to be significant. These differences are attributed primarily to the use of different radionuclide decay data, selection and nomenclature for different isomeric states, treatment of progeny radionuclides, differences in calculational methodology, and assumptions on a radionuclide's chemical form.

  8. A comparison of dose and dose-rate conversion factors from the Soviet Union, United Kingdom, US Department of Energy, and the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory Fusion Safety Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rood, A.S.; Abbott, M.L.

    1991-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Several independent data sets of radiological dose and dose-rate conversion factors (DCF/DRCF) have been tabulated or developed by the international community both for fission and fusion safety purposes. This report compares sets from the US Department of Energy, the Soviet Union, and the United Kingdom with those calculated by the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory Fusion Safety Program. The objectives were to identify trends and potential outlying values for specific radionuclides and contribute to a future benchmark evaluation of the CARR computer code. Fifty-year committed effective dose equivalent factors were compared for the inhalation and ingestion pathways. External effective dose equivalent rates were compared for the air immersion and ground surface exposure pathways. Comparisons were made by dividing dose factors in the different data bases by the values in the FSP data base. Differences in DCF/DRCF values less than a factor of 2 were considered to be in good agreement and are likely due to the use of slightly different decay data, variations in the number of organs considered for calculating CEDE, and rounding errors. DCF/DRCF values that differed by greater than a factor of 10 were considered to be significant. These differences are attributed primarily to the use of different radionuclide decay data, selection and nomenclature for different isomeric states, treatment of progeny radionuclides, differences in calculational methodology, and assumptions on a radionuclide`s chemical form.

  9. Keele University Royaume-Uni | United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Petriu, Emil M.

    .S Government and Politics PIR 20071 POL 3140 Arts I.R. of the Environment PIR 20064 POL4190 Arts Politics of Sustainability PIR 10047 POL 3XXX Arts Freedom and Equality PIR 20066 POL 4XXX Arts Imperialism and Empire HIS PIR 10039 POL 3XXX Arts Why Policy Changes PIR 20068 TO BE DETERMINED Arts The Practice of Politics

  10. Leeds, United Kingdom Tel: 0113 243 1751

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haase, Markus

    ://www.edisposals.com · Dti-weee information http://www.dti.gov.uk/innovation/sustainability/weee/page30269.html Other Useful

  11. Good Energies (United Kingdom) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI ReferenceJump to: navigation, search EquivalentGonergy

  12. announced united states: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of the Royal Academy of Engineering, the United Kingdom's National Academy 6 FISHERY STATISTICS UNITED STATES Environmental Sciences and Ecology Websites Summary: FISHERY...

  13. York's Wild Kingdom : a development proposal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rae, Kimberley Whiting

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    York's Wild Kingdom is a privately held zoo and amusement park in York, a Massachusetts based shopping center developer and investment compa Kingdom and the 150 acres that surround it. The community is culturaIl ( and York ...

  14. Constitutional legislation, European Union Law and the nature of the United Kingdom’s contemporary constitution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elliott, Mark

    2015-01-26T23:59:59.000Z

    ’  —  forthcoming  in  (2014)  European  Constitutional  Law  Review     5   principle  reflected  in  it,16  was  vulnerable  to  displacement  by  EU  law  in  the  form  of  the  EIA  Directive.  The  very...

  15. The united kingdom's changing requirements for spent fuel storage

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hodgson, Z.; Hambley, D.I.; Gregg, R.; Ross, D.N. [National Nuclear Laboratory, Chadwick House, Birchwood Park, Warrington, Cheshire WA3 6AE (United Kingdom)

    2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The UK is adopting an open fuel cycle, and is necessarily moving to a regime of long term storage of spent fuel, followed by geological disposal once a geological disposal facility (GDF) is available. The earliest GDF receipt date for legacy spent fuel is assumed to be 2075. The UK is set to embark on a programme of new nuclear build to maintain a nuclear energy contribution of 16 GW. Additionally, the UK are considering a significant expansion of nuclear energy in order to meet carbon reduction targets and it is plausible to foresee a scenario where up to 75 GW from nuclear power production could be deployed in the UK by the mid 21. century. Such an expansion, could lead to spent fuel storage and its disposal being a dominant issue for the UK Government, the utilities and the public. If the UK were to transition a closed fuel cycle, then spent fuel storage should become less onerous depending on the timescales. The UK has demonstrated a preference for wet storage of spent fuel on an interim basis. The UK has adopted an approach of centralised storage, but a 16 GW new build programme and any significant expansion of this may push the UK towards distributed spent fuel storage at a number of reactors station sites across the UK.

  16. London, United Kingdom: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer Plant Jump to:Landowners andLodgepole, Nebraska: EnergyLomita, California: EnergyandLondon,

  17. Fenix (Smart Grid Project) (United Kingdom) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand JumpConceptual Model,DOEHazelPennsylvania:57427°, -89.4742177° ShowRuralFeilden CleggFellsmere,

  18. Brighton, United Kingdom: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty EditCalifornia:Power LP Biomass Facility Jump to: navigation, search

  19. Hertfordshire, United Kingdom: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are8COaBulkTransmissionSitingProcess.pdfGetec AG|InformationInformationHensley,Hershey,

  20. Dursley, United Kingdom: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluating A Potential MicrohydroDistrict ofDongjin SemichemDukeDuracell JumpDursley,

  1. Oxford, United Kingdom: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer PlantMunhall,Missouri:EnergyOssian, New York: EnergyOuachitaOwasso,OwlsMichigan:Ohio:

  2. Nuclear Decommissioning Authority of the United Kingdom NDA | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |JilinLuOpenNorth AmericaNorthwest Rural PubNovaNMRE |NuInformation

  3. EUDEEP (Smart Grid Project) (United Kingdom) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand JumpConceptual Model,DOE FacilityDimondale,South, NewDyerTier2Latvia) Jump to: navigation,Turkey)

  4. EWIS European wind integration study (Smart Grid Project) (United Kingdom)

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand JumpConceptual Model,DOE FacilityDimondale,South, NewDyerTier2Latvia) JumpEnergy Information| Open

  5. Tonbridge, United Kingdom: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro Industries PvtStratosolarTharaldsonInformation 61Tokamachi GeothermalTommyTomsTonbridge,

  6. Leeds, United Kingdom: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |Jilin Zhongdiantou NewKoreaLaor BatteriesLedong Xinyuan Hydro

  7. United Kingdom Low Carbon Transition Plan | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTown of Ladoga, IndianaTurtleCooperative Place: Beaver Dam, Wisconsin

  8. The expansion of the kingdom of Strathclyde

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edmonds, F. L.

    2015-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

    with Edgar at Chester in 973, and Æthelred attacked both the Cumbrian kingdom and the Isle of Man in 1000.120 22 22 Co-operation with the Islesmen may have enabled the Cumbrian kings to extend their influence along the coastal plain to the south...

  9. Chromista is a major eukaryotic kingdom comprising algae and former protozoa that is evolutionarily entirely distinct from the kingdoms Plantae and Protozoa (Cavalier-Smith 2007). Chromist chloroplasts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goldschmidt, Christina

    1 Chromista is a major eukaryotic kingdom comprising algae and former protozoa chloroplasts were acquired secondarily by enslavement of a red alga, itself a member of kingdom Plantae

  10. The boatbuilding industry of New Kingdom Egypt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Monroe, Christopher Mountfort

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    THE BOATBUiLDING INDUSTRY OF NEW KIN DOM EGYPT A Thesis by CHRISTOPHER MOUNTFORT MONROE Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A@M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF ARTS August... 1990 Major Subject: Anthropology THE BOATBUILDING INDUSTRY OF NEW KINGDOM EGYPT A Thesis by CHRISTOPHER MOUNTFORT MONROE Approved as to style and content by: George . Bass (Chair of Committee) Vaughn Bryant (Head of Department) , !q; Fredeg...

  11. Aggregate model and analysis of the energy dynamics in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Ahmed, Khalid A. (Khalid Abdulrahim)

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is facing a crisis in the near future centered on increasing energy consumption. Today, the kingdom consumes approximately 1/3 of its oil production. If no action is taken and the kingdom continues ...

  12. A Strategy for Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) in the United...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    A Strategy for Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) in the United Kingdom and Beyond Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: A Strategy for Carbon Capture and...

  13. Exclusionary rule of evidence in the United Kingdom, United States and China 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hsieh, Kuo-Hsing

    2011-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

    If there is any fixed star in our constitutional and criminal procedure constellation, it is that torture is illegal and torture-introduced evidence is inadmissible. The purposes of this research are to (1) assess the ...

  14. EDITION: UK CA Canada Qubec FR France US United States UK United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haszeldine, Stuart

    Like 5 Do You Know Where Green Electricity Will Come From? Posted: 2/03/2012 09:42 React By not a pastel green. Somewhere well out of sight is a vast generating plant - which burns stuff, usually fossil. Today, green electricity isn't cheap, and there is not enough available when needed. Intelligence

  15. United States-United Kingdom Collaboration on Fossil Energy R&D |

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directed offOCHCO Overview OCHCOSystems Analysis Success|Sustainable EnergyMotorUncleStates-Japanand

  16. Companion burials in the Kingdom of the Avocado : indirect evidence of human sacrifice in late and terminal Classic Maya Society

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pitcavage, Megan R.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Gibbs 2006 In the Land of the Avocado: Recent Archaeological2005 The Kingdom of the Avocado: Recent Investigations atin the Kingdom of the Avocado. Unpublished Masters thesis,

  17. Presidents and prime ministers : United Kingdon-United States: 'Special Relationship' during the 1960's

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thompson, Melissa S

    2013-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

    of the requirements for the 1998-99 UNIVERSITY UNDERGRADUATE RESEARCH FELLOWS PROGRAM April 15, 1999 Approved as to style and content by: r R. J. . Adams (Faculty Advisor) Department of History Susanna Finnell, Executive Director Honors Programs and Academic... Scholarships Fellows Group: Humanities Abstract Presidents and Prime Ministers: United Kingdom ? United States: 'Special Relationship' during the 1960's Melissa S. Thompson, (Dr. R. J. Q. Adams) University Undergraduate Fellow, 1998- 1999, Texas A...

  18. AN ANALYSIS FOR A FORMULATION OF THE POROUS MEDIUM EQUATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fadimba, Koffi B.

    a porous medium, with S the saturation of the invading fluid. In this model, one assumption (the wet phase and the dry phase) occupying entirely the pores of the medium, e.g. water and oil, so , we make the assumption that n = 0, (1..4) where n is the outward unit normal vector to the boundary

  19. Waste Heat Recovery Using a Circulating Heat Medium Loop

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Manning, E., Jr.

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    by a circulating heat medium loop where waste heat is recovered for useful purposes. The heat medium chosen is turbine fuel. It is pumped around the refinery to pick up heat at the crude distilling unit, the hydrocracker, the catalytic cracker...

  20. A Bioenergetic Biomagnification Model for the Animal Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gobas, Frank

    A Bioenergetic Biomagnification Model for the Animal Kingdom A D R I A N M . H . D E B R U Y N they accumulate dietary contaminants. Bioenergetic processes play a key role in chemical uptake and elimination derived bioenergetic parameters for a diverse suite of species, including herbivores and carnivores

  1. The Neutral Medium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robert Braun

    2005-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider the physical conditions of the neutral medium within, and in the environments of, galaxies. The basic physical and morphological properties of the neutral medium within galaxy disks are now quite well-constrained. Systematic variations in temperature and phase-balance (of cool versus warm neutral gas) are indicated as a function of both radius and z-height. Interestingly, the cool medium line-widths are observed to be dominated by turbulent energy injection within cells of 10 pc to 1 kpc size. Deep new observations reveal that 5-10% of the neutral medium is associated within an extended halo which rotates more slowly and experiences radial inflow. Much of this component is likely to be associated with a ``galactic fountain'' type of phenomenon. However, compelling evidence is also accumulating for the importance of tidal disruption of satellites as well as continuous accretion (of both diffuse and discrete components) in fueling galaxy halos and disks. Continued fueling is even observed on scales of 100's of kpc in galaxy environments, where the neutral component is likely to be merely a trace constituent of a highly ionized plasma.

  2. Liquid chromatographic extraction medium

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Horwitz, E. Philip (Naperville, IL); Dietz, Mark L. (Evanston, IL)

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A method and apparatus for extracting strontium and technetium values from biological, industrial and environmental sample solutions using a chromatographic column is described. An extractant medium for the column is prepared by generating a solution of a diluent containing a Crown ether and dispersing the solution on a resin substrate material. The sample solution is highly acidic and is introduced directed to the chromatographic column and strontium or technetium is eluted using deionized water.

  3. Liquid chromatographic extraction medium

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Horwitz, E.P.; Dietz, M.L.

    1994-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

    A method and apparatus are disclosed for extracting strontium and technetium values from biological, industrial and environmental sample solutions using a chromatographic column. An extractant medium for the column is prepared by generating a solution of a diluent containing a Crown ether and dispersing the solution on a resin substrate material. The sample solution is highly acidic and is introduced directed to the chromatographic column and strontium or technetium is eluted using deionized water. 1 fig.

  4. Fermion dispersion in axion medium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    N. V. Mikheev; E. N. Narynskaya

    2008-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

    The interaction of a fermion with the dense axion medium is investigated for the purpose of finding an axion medium effect on the fermion dispersion. It is shown that axion medium influence on the fermion dispersion under astrophysical conditions is negligible small if the correct Lagrangian of the axion-fermion interaction is used.

  5. United States

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    - I United States Department of Energy D lSCk Al M E R "This book was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United...

  6. Third Party Nuclear Liability: The Case of a Supplier in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, Anthony; Heffron, Raphael J.

    2012-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

    The law surrounding third party nuclear liability is important to all parties in the nuclear supply chain whether they are providing decommissioning services, project management expertise or a new reactor. This paper examines third party nuclear...

  7. CCFE is the fusion research arm of the United Kingdom Atomic Energy Authority Fusion Technology at

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    more of an engineering challenge than a scientific one, is to build economically viable nuclear fusion self-sufficiency is vital to viable power station operation · The Test Blanket Programme of components will be inevitable · Manned access to in-vessel components and support systems

  8. "This Modern Day Slavery": Sex Trafficking and Moral Panic in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hill, Angela

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    purported catalyst: the abduction and corruption of whitepreoccupation with the abduction tale of vulnerable whiteand Jarrett were convicted of abduction and procurement, and

  9. EM Renews Information-Sharing Agreement with United Kingdom's Nuclear Decommissioning Authority

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    PHOENIX – EM’s top official this week renewed an agreement between DOE and the U.K.’s Nuclear Decommissioning Authority (NDA) that expands the scope of their information sharing.

  10. J. Mar. Biol. Ass. U.K. (2007), 87, 243251 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pierce, Graham

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of beaked whales from the atypical mass stranding in the Canary Islands in September 2002 Stomach contents conducted in the Canary Islands in September 2002. Animals from such mass strandings often contain freshly of fish in the diet whereas Ziphius specialises on cephalopods. INTRODUCTION The Canary Islands

  11. United Kingdom The University of Strathclyde is a charitable body, registered in Scotland (number SC015263)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mottram, Nigel

    ; rising oil prices and commodity/food prices; and the Scottish government's economic strategy. Growth borrowing and lending to an as yet unknown degree. · Rising oil prices and commodity/food prices are a major impediment to the growth of the world economy. Since last July oil prices have risen from $75 to $139

  12. Judicial review of legislation: Constitutionalism personified in the United Kingdom, the Netherlands and South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van den Brink, Jeroen

    , the Netherlands and South Africa By Gerhard van der Schyff Supervisor: prof. dr. Paul Cliteur Although fast and South Africa. These systems provide fertile ground for comparison, as they present a spectrum judicial review. Clearly, a very measured approach to bipolar constitutionalism. South Africa inhabits

  13. University Square Stratford 1 Salway Road, Stratford, London, United Kingdom, E15 1NF

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cocea, Mihaela

    has fully automatic heating, ventilation and lighting controls which require no manual operation. See. There is no smoking permitted in the premises or grounds area of the USS Building including the garden. #12;4 2

  14. Clark and Clegg 1 ASSESSING THE IMPACT OF UNITED KINGDOM FUEL PRICE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clegg, Richard G.

    shortage of petrol. This paper describes the effects of these protests on the city of York (population 100k of the use of their car for journeys and a willingness to spend free and working time queuing outside petrol, contributes to pollution and creates congestion hotspots in the vicinity of petrol stations. An assessment

  15. J. Mar. Biol. Ass. U.K. (2007), 87, 14 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pierce, Graham

    range of pressures--habitat modification, pollution, disturbance, and conflicts with fisheries through individuals has provided information on abundance, ranging movements and life history parameters. Acoustic; it embraces many other disciplines-- evolution and ecology, acoustics and behaviour, genetics and medicine

  16. J. Mar. Biol. Ass. U.K. (2007), 87, 327338 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pierce, Graham

    ), pollution (Aguilar & Borrell, 1995), over-fishing of prey species (Evans, 1990; Jackson et al., 2001), and disturbance from sound sources such as shipping, seismic surveys, sonar and acoustic deterrents (Evans, 1996

  17. U.S. Department of Energy Welcomes the United Kingdom as 21st...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Samuel Bodman met with UK Secretary of State for Business, Enterprise and Regulatory Reform, Rt. Hon. John Hutton prior to the UK signing the GNEP Statement of Principles in...

  18. Institutionnal dynamics and barriers to sustainable construction in France, the United Kingdom and the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    to traditional methods and traditional contracts. The three countries have introduced measures to conserve energy, the creation of a code in sustainability, supported by huge evolution in heating regulations, involves new events which model the historical development of that country. In Europe, the singularity of each country

  19. CCFE is the fusion research arm of the United Kingdom Atomic Energy Authority processing, verification

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and Consultancy Group, NL-1755 ZG, Petten, The Netherlands #12;TENDL-2012 (January 2013) 2 · Incident-neutron data

  20. Energy implications of the thermal recovery of biodegradable municipal waste materials in the United Kingdom

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Burnley, Stephen, E-mail: s.j.burnley@open.ac.uk [Open University, Walton Hall, Milton Keynes MK7 6AA (United Kingdom); Phillips, Rhiannon, E-mail: rhiannon.jones@environment-agency.gov.uk [Strategy Unit, Welsh Assembly Government, Ty Cambria, 29 Newport Road, Cardiff CF24 0TP (United Kingdom); Coleman, Terry, E-mail: terry.coleman@erm.com [Environmental Resources Management Ltd, Eaton House, Wallbrook Court, North Hinksey Lane, Oxford OX2 0QS (United Kingdom); Rampling, Terence, E-mail: twa.rampling@hotmail.com [7 Thurlow Close, Old Town Stevenage, Herts SG1 4SD (United Kingdom)

    2011-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Highlights: > Energy balances were calculated for the thermal treatment of biodegradable wastes. > For wood and RDF, combustion in dedicated facilities was the best option. > For paper, garden and food wastes and mixed waste incineration was the best option. > For low moisture paper, gasification provided the optimum solution. - Abstract: Waste management policies and legislation in many developed countries call for a reduction in the quantity of biodegradable waste landfilled. Anaerobic digestion, combustion and gasification are options for managing biodegradable waste while generating renewable energy. However, very little research has been carried to establish the overall energy balance of the collection, preparation and energy recovery processes for different types of wastes. Without this information, it is impossible to determine the optimum method for managing a particular waste to recover renewable energy. In this study, energy balances were carried out for the thermal processing of food waste, garden waste, wood, waste paper and the non-recyclable fraction of municipal waste. For all of these wastes, combustion in dedicated facilities or incineration with the municipal waste stream was the most energy-advantageous option. However, we identified a lack of reliable information on the energy consumed in collecting individual wastes and preparing the wastes for thermal processing. There was also little reliable information on the performance and efficiency of anaerobic digestion and gasification facilities for waste.

  1. Natural Language Engineering 1 (1): 132. Printed in the United Kingdom c 1998 Cambridge University Press

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maynard, Diana

    about the plugin, see Chapter 11 of the GATE user manual at http://gate.ac.uk/sale/tao/index.html. #12

  2. MBA MARINE BIOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION OF THE UNITED KINGDOM MBA Executive Secretary: Dr Matt Frost

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watson, Andrew

    would be welcome. If survey data is incomplete or if it is only based on acoustic survey, then seabed imaging surveys using high resolution video should inspect the proposed locations. Such surveys would physicochemical effects) even though there appears to be no statutory requirement for a formal EIA. Voluntary

  3. Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas Exports to United Kingdom (Million Cubic Feet)

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40 Buildingto China (Million Cubic Feet) 3 0 0 0 156 57 61

  4. Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas Re-Exports to United Kingdom (Million Cubic

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40 Buildingto China (Million Cubic Feet) 3 0 0 0 156 57

  5. Price of Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas Exports to United Kingdom (Dollars per

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122Commercial ConsumersThousand Cubic Feet) OmanThousand CubicThousand

  6. Price of Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas Exports to United Kingdom (Dollars per

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122Commercial ConsumersThousand Cubic Feet) OmanThousand CubicThousandThousand

  7. Price of Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas Re-Exports to United Kingdom (Dollars

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122Commercial ConsumersThousand Cubic Feet)Thousand Cubic Feet) Decadeper

  8. Sabine Pass, LA Exports to United kingdom Liquefied Natural Gas (Million

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122Commercial ConsumersThousand CubicCubic Feet)ThousandKorea LiquefiedCubic

  9. Price of Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas Re-Exports to United Kingdom (Dollars

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghurajiConventionalMississippi"site. IfProved(MillionPrice8.PDF Table5ThousandThousand

  10. A Resurgence of United Kingdom Nuclear Power Research (2011 EFRC Forum)

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Grimes, Robin W. (Imperial College, London, UK)

    2012-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

    Robin W. Grimes, Professor at Imperial College, London,was the third speaker in the the May 26, 2011 EFRC Forum session, "Global Perspectives on Frontiers in Energy Research." In his presentation, Professor Grimes discussed recent research endeavors in advanced nuclear energy systems being pursued in the UK. The 2011 EFRC Summit and Forum brought together the EFRC community and science and policy leaders from universities, national laboratories, industry and government to discuss "Science for our Nation's Energy Future." In August 2009, the Office of Science established 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers. The EFRCs are collaborative research efforts intended to accelerate high-risk, high-reward fundamental research, the scientific basis for transformative energy technologies of the future. These Centers involve universities, national laboratories, nonprofit organizations, and for-profit firms, singly or in partnerships, selected by scientific peer review. They are funded at $2 to $5 million per year for a total planned DOE commitment of $777 million over the initial five-year award period, pending Congressional appropriations. These integrated, multi-investigator Centers are conducting fundamental research focusing on one or more of several ?grand challenges? and use-inspired ?basic research needs? recently identified in major strategic planning efforts by the scientific community. The purpose of the EFRCs is to integrate the talents and expertise of leading scientists in a setting designed to accelerate research that transforms the future of energy and the environment.

  11. KINGDOM BY DTlE ATOMIC UNITED ESERG Y,AljTHORK'Y

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA group currentBradleyTableSelling7111AWell:F E ,"^ I 1' . _c m yJersey

  12. United Kingdom Department of Energy and Climate Change (DECC) | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag JumpID-fTri Global Energy LLC Place:Unalakleet JumpInformation Department of

  13. A Strategy for Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) in the United Kingdom and

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag JumpID-fTriWildcat 1 WindtheEnergy InformationOfand RangeOpenOfBeyond | Open

  14. U.S. Department of Energy Welcomes the United Kingdom as 21st Member of the

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA group current C3E Ambassadors and C3EDepartment of EnergyWeatherized By

  15. HiperDNO (Smart Grid Project) (United Kingdom) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are8COaBulkTransmissionSitingProcess.pdfGetecGtel Jump to: navigation,Jersey: EnergySpain) Jump to: navigation,

  16. U.S. Department of Energy Welcomes the United Kingdom as 21st Member of the

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof Energy 2, 2015 -Helicopter Accident at RatonU.S.Adoption of Advanced4-2018Global

  17. Price Liquefied Freeport, TX Natural Gas Exports Price to United Kingdom

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5 Tables July 1996 Energy Information Administration Office ofthroughYear Jan Feb Mar AprYearper Thousandper Thousand Cubic

  18. Price Liquefied Sabine Pass, LA Natural Gas Exports Price to United Kingdom

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5 Tables July 1996 Energy Information Administration Office ofthroughYear Jan Feb Mar AprYearper Thousandper(Dollars per

  19. Price Liquefied Sabine Pass, LA Natural Gas Exports Price to United Kingdom

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5 Tables July 1996 Energy Information Administration Office ofthroughYear Jan Feb Mar AprYearper Thousandper(Dollars per(Dollars per

  20. DLC+VIT4IP (Smart Grid Project) (United Kingdom) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand JumpConceptual Model, clickInformationNew|CoreCpWingCushing,DADEVELOPMENTItalyIP (Smart Grid

  1. Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas Re-Exports to United Kingdom (Million Cubic

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade EnergyTennesseeYear Jan Next MECS will be fieldedYear Jan

  2. BeyWatch (Smart Grid Project) (United Kingdom) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof EnergyInnovation in Carbonof Alternative Sources of Funding:Germany:OpenBeyWatch

  3. Reforming Household Energy Markets: Some Welfare Effects in the United Catherine Waddams Price

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feigon, Brooke

    final energy prices (though those of monopoly inputs such as transmission and distribution remainReforming Household Energy Markets: Some Welfare Effects in the United Kingdom by Catherine Waddams Price Centre for Competition and Regulation and School of Management University of East Anglia, UK

  4. UNIT NUMBER:

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    193 UNIT NUMBER: 197 UNIT NAME: CONCRETE RUBBLE PILE (30) REGULATORY STATUS: AOC LOCATION: Outside plant security fence, north of the plant on Big Bayou Creek on private property....

  5. "Auto"-mobile Beijing : a bicycle network for a renewed "bicycle kingdom"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liau, August

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis intends to be a catalyst for a renewed bicycle culture in Beijing, the capital of the former "Bicycle Kingdom". Beijing, only 15 years ago had more bicycles than any other city in the world, has in recent years ...

  6. UNIT NUMBER

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    4 UNIT NAME C-611 Underaround Diesel Tank REGULATORY STATUS: AOC LOCATION: Immediately southeast of C-611 APPROXIMATE DIMENSIONS: 1000 gallon FUNCTION: Diesel storage OPERATIONAL...

  7. Dynamic Interactions of PV units in Low Volatge Distribution Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pota, Himanshu Roy

    Dynamic Interactions of PV units in Low Volatge Distribution Systems M. J. Hossain, J. Lu Griffith. Abstract--Photovoltaic (PV) units along with other distributed energy resources (DERs) are located close, robust control, stability. I. Introduction The integration level of PV units in low and medium voltage

  8. Glasma Evolution in Partonic Medium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. V. Nazarenko

    2010-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

    We examine a scenario of the abelianized Glasma evolution with accounting for back-reaction of partonic medium in ultrarelativistic heavy-ion collisions. We announce that such a generalization leads to the instabilities and the presence of negative color conductivity in the system.

  9. UNIT NUMBER

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    3 C-750B Diesel UST UNIT NAME REGULATORY STATUS: AOC LOCATION: Southeast corner of C-750 APPROXIMATE DIMENSIONS: 10,000 gallon FUNCTION: Diesel storage OPERATIONAL STATUS: Removed...

  10. REFLECTIONS ON THE NOTIONS OF "EMPIRE" AND "KINGDOM" IN SEVENTEENTH-CENTURY ETHIOPIA: ROYAL POWER AND LOCAL POWER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    REFLECTIONS ON THE NOTIONS OF "EMPIRE" AND "KINGDOM" IN SEVENTEENTH-CENTURY ETHIOPIA: ROYAL POWER depuis 2006 le Centre d'études des mondes africains Generally, historians of Ethiopia have remained vague, in his excellent synthesis on "medieval" Ethiopia, chose "kingdom" over "empire."1 Several modern authors

  11. Ship of the God: The Amun-Userhet in New Kingdom Egypt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collier, Megan

    2013-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The Amun-Userhet was a ship which played a crucial role in the development of religious thought in New Kingdom Egypt. The pharaoh and his entourage sailed down the Nile on its deck as part of a religious celebration called the Opet festival...

  12. Ship of the God: The Amun-Userhet in New Kingdom Egypt 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collier, Megan

    2013-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The Amun-Userhet was a ship which played a crucial role in the development of religious thought in New Kingdom Egypt. The pharaoh and his entourage sailed down the Nile on its deck as part of a religious celebration called the Opet festival...

  13. The Interstellar Medium Surrounding the Sun

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Royer, Dana

    interstellar medium (ISM) suggest an in- homogeneous Galactic environment, with shocks that destroy grainsThe Interstellar Medium Surrounding the Sun Priscilla C. Frisch,1 Seth Redfield,2 and Jonathan D by Annual Reviews. All rights reserved 0066-4146/11/0922-0237$20.00 Keywords interstellar medium

  14. Medium Effects in Parton Distributions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    William Detmold, Huey-Wen Lin

    2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A defining experiment of high-energy physics in the 1980s was that of the EMC collaboration where it was first observed that parton distributions in nuclei are non-trivially related to those in the proton. This result implies that the presence of the nuclear medium plays an important role and an understanding of this from QCD has been an important goal ever since Here we investigate analogous, but technically simpler, effects in QCD and examine how the lowest moment of the pion parton distribution is modified by the presence of a Bose-condensed gas of pions or kaons.

  15. ECOGEN Soil Quality Index Marko Bohanec1, Jrme Cortet2, Bryan Griffiths3,4, Martin Znidarsic1, Marko Debeljak1,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bohanec, Marko

    Research Institute, Invergowrie, Dundee, DD2 5DA, United Kingdom 4 Teagasc, Environment Research Centre Mineralisation 1 low * slow 2 medium fungi dominant slow 3 medium balanced medium 4 high fungi dominant medium 5 >=medium bacteria dominant fast 6 high >=balanced fast SOME RESULTS Reference Bacterial diversity

  16. A review of "The Stuart Kingdoms in the Seventeenth Century: Awkward Neighbors." by Allan I. Macinnes and Jane Ohlmeyer, eds.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brett Parker

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Trials, 1794 (1992) and Treason: Famous En- glish Treason Trials (1995). Allan I. Macinnes and Jane Ohlmeyer, eds. The Stuart Kingdoms in the Seventeenth Century: Awkward Neighbors. Dublin: Four Courts Press. 2002. 256 pp. $45.00. Review by BRETT... essays ask what were the cultural perceptions of these king- doms and to what degree were they a product of their shared history. Editors Allan I. Macinnes and Jane Ohlmeyer have cleverly orga- nized Stuart Kingdoms into five sections that relate...

  17. Interaction of gravitational waves with an elastic solid medium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. Carter

    2001-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Contents. 1. Introduction. 2. Kinematics of a Material Medium: Material Representation. 3. Kinematics of a Material Medium: Convected Differentials. 4. Kinematics of a Perfect Elastic Medium. 5. Small Gravitational Perturbations of an Elastic Medium.

  18. CCFE is the fusion research arm of the United Kingdom Atomic Energy Authority TENDL-2011 processing and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    on the fission channel !! #12;Processing steps are not unique !! Competition (3 51) opens at 77 eV, in the RRtargets · dec-2012, 3873 isotopes · hazards, clearance and transport indices libraries #12;TENDL-2011

  19. MULTI-SCIENCE PUBLISHING CO. LTD. 5 Wates Way, Brentwood, Essex CM15 9TB, United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Edinburgh, EH9 3JN, UK ABSTRACT Biochar is the solid remains of organic material that has been heated to > 350°C in an oxygen-limited environment, frequently intended to be mixed with soils. Biochar usually-rich terra preta soils from Amazonia dating back #12;to the middle part of the 20th Century and earlier (e

  20. J. Fluid Mech. (1998), vol. 377, pp. 189222. Printed in the United Kingdom c 1998 Cambridge University Press

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dimitrakopoulos, Panagiotis

    of the lubrication models proves to be extremely limited. The critical shear rate is found to be sensitive) The yield conditions for the displacement of three-dimensional fluid droplets from solid boundaries of the optimization prob- lem provides an upper bound for the yield condition for droplets on solid surfaces

  1. J. Fluid Mech. (1999), vol. 391, pp. 123149. Printed in the United Kingdom c 1999 Cambridge University Press

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Renardy, Yuriko

    conditions, the fully nonlinear saturation to steady bamboo waves is achieved. As the speed is increased-dependent. The appearance of vortices and the locations of the extremal values of pressure are investigated for both up material. An industrial application is the lubricated pipelining of crude oil with the addition of water

  2. J. Plasma Physics (2009), vol. 75, part 5, pp. 709711. c 2009 Cambridge University Press Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Merlino, Robert L.

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    gravity, the ion drag force, thermophoretic force and neutral drag force are among the forces considered

  3. 2013 UNITED KINGDOM ATOMIC ENERGY AUTHORITY The following article appeared in Proceedings of the 27th Symposium On Fusion Technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , in conjunction with the upgraded neutral beam heating system, to achieve ITER relevant conditions. The design of the bulk Be plasma facing components had to be compatible with increased heating power and pulse length carbon based tiles and be installed by remote handling. Risk reduction measures (prototypes, jigs, etc

  4. 2013 UNITED KINGDOM ATOMIC ENERGY AUTHORITY The following article appeared in Proceedings of the 27th Symposium On Fusion Technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Engineering and Design, Vol.88, Issues 9-10, October 2013, p.2043-2047 Status of ITER neutral beam cell remote;_______________________________________________________________________________ author's email: nick.sykes@ccfe.ac.uk Status of ITER Neutral Beam Cell Remote Handling System N Sykesa14 1RJ The ITER neutral beam cell will contain up to three heating neutral beams and one diagnostic

  5. J. Fluid Mech. (1999), vol. 380, pp. 205232. Printed in the United Kingdom c 1999 Cambridge University Press

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shemer, Lev

    Department of Fluid Mechanics and Heat Transfer, Faculty of Engineering, Tel-Aviv University, Tel-Aviv 69978 for remote sensing of the ocean surface by airborne and spaceborne radars. Of particular interest­capillary waves in the remote sensing of the ocean surface partially motivated this study. The present

  6. J. Fluid Mech. (1999), vol. 385, pp. 157197. Printed in the United Kingdom c 1999 Cambridge University Press

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clanet, Christophe

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    such experimental data. We will use the compari- son between the premixed gaseous case (propane­air mixture combustion and of premixed spray combustion of decane droplets in air. The flame front propagates from unburnt mixture. The situation is quite different in the spray case. The primary acoustic instability

  7. Oliver F. Quinn, R.Stuart Haszeldine, John R. Underhill, and John E. Dixon, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haszeldine, Stuart

    shallow depth cementation. Fluid exit on the meso-scale was baffled by low permeability cataclastic fault

  8. Euro. Jnl of Applied Mathematics (1997), vol. 8, pp. 551566. Printed in the United Kingdom c 1997 Cambridge University Press

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hinch, John

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in porous media in and around oil wells. The governing equations are directly analogous to the Darcy model (Darcy, 1856) which has been widely used in soil mechanics for many varieties of porous media. Recent for this research stems from problems encountered with a particular technique of secondary oil recovery. This method

  9. R tuart Haszeldine, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom Oil Charge Preserves Deep-Burial Porosity in Sandstones and Limestones

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haszeldine, Stuart

    is a limiting value. Limestones often show complex shallow diagenesis, which obscures deeper effects. However

  10. J. Fluid Mech. (2001), vol. 435, pp. 261287. Printed in the United Kingdom c 2001 Cambridge University Press

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ponty, Yannick

    University Press 261 Kinematic dynamo action in large magnetic Reynolds number flows driven by shear) A numerical investigation is presented of kinematic dynamo action in a dynamically driven fluid flow layer shear flow. The onset of instability is characterized by a horizontal wave vector inclined at some

  11. CCFE is the fusion research arm of the United Kingdom Atomic Energy Authority EASY-II (12)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    enhanced capabilities. · , , d, p, n-Transport Activation Library: NRG Petten, CEA DIF and CCFE Culham

  12. CCFE is the fusion research arm of the United Kingdom Atomic Energy Authority Engineering Research at CCFE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ­ Tritium inventory control and processing ­ Remote handling ­ and many more! #12;4 Technology Theme.; ­ Response to transients, EM loads; ­ Maintainability ­ remote handling design. ­ Manufacturability in ITER · Test if Nanofluids are suitable as an advanced cooling fluid able to remove extreme heat energy fluxes

  13. J. Fluid Mech. (1998), vol. 355, pp. 4579. Printed in the United Kingdom c 1998 Cambridge University Press

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peltier, W. Richard

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    to be characteristic of the atmospheric von K´arm´an vortex streets that are observed in the lee of oceanic islands of the strength of a stabilizing density stratification parallel to the axis of the vortex. We seek to understand the dynamics of the processes through which such a vertically oriented barotropic vortex may be destabilized

  14. J. Fluid Mech. (2001), vol. 435, pp. 145174. Printed in the United Kingdom c 2001 Cambridge University Press

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    to sustain a synchronized finite-amplitude vortex street tuned at a well-defined frequency. This oscillating considered as parallel. Although the vortex street is fully nonlinear, its frequency is dictated by a purely-flow mixing layers, constant- density jets, and wakes below the onset of K´arm´an vortex shedding belong

  15. Enrichment of the Intracluster Medium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. Thomas

    1998-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

    The relevance of galaxies of different luminosity and mass for the chemical enrichment of the intracluster medium (ICM) is analysed. For this purpose, I adopt the composite luminosity function of cluster galaxies from Trentham (1998), which exhibits a significant rise at the very faint end. The model - adopting a universal Salpeter IMF - is calibrated on reproducing the M_Fe/L_tot, M_Fe/M_*, and alpha/Fe ratios observed in clusters. Although the contribution to total luminosity and ICM metals peaks around L* galaxies (M* approx -20), faint objects with M_B>-18 still provide at least 30 per cent of the metals present in the ICM. In consistency with the solar alpha/Fe ratios determined by {ASCA}, the model predicts that 60 per cent of the ICM iron comes from Type Ia supernovae. The predicted slope of the relation between intracluster gas mass and cluster luminosity emerges shallower than the observed one, indicating that the fraction of primordial gas increases with cluster richness.

  16. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Televisions in U.S. Homes, by Housing Unit Type, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"Housing Unit Type" ,,"Single-Family Units",,"Apartments in Buildings With" ,"Total U.S.1...

  17. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Space Heating in U.S. Homes, by Housing Unit Type, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"Housing Unit Type" ,,"Single-Family Units",,"Apartments in Buildings With" ,"Total...

  18. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Computers and Other Electronics in U.S. Homes, by Housing Unit Type, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"Housing Unit Type" ,,"Single-Family Units",,"Apartments in Buildings...

  19. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Water Heating in U.S. Homes, by Housing Unit Type, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"Housing Unit Type" ,,"Single-Family Units",,"Apartments in Buildings With" ,"Total...

  20. A renewed look at eta' in medium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Youngshin Kwon; Su Houng Lee; Kenji Morita; Gyuri Wolf

    2012-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

    We revisit the question of whether the U_A(1) symmetry is effectively restored in hot and dense medium. In particular, by generalizing the Witten-Veneziano formula to finite temperature, we investigate whether the mass of eta'-meson will change in medium due to the restoration of chiral symmetry.

  1. Axion-medium effect on fermion dispersion

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mikheev, N. V., E-mail: mikheev@uniyar.ac.ru; Narynskaya, E. N., E-mail: elenan@uniyar.ac.r [Yaroslavl State University (Russian Federation)

    2008-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The interaction of fermions with a dense axion medium is considered with the aim of studying the effect of the axionmediumon fermion dispersion. It is shown that, if use is made of a correct Lagrangian for axion-fermion interaction, the effect of a dense axion medium on fermion dispersion is negligible under real astrophysical conditions.

  2. Termination unit

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Traeholt, Chresten [Frederiksberg, DK; Willen, Dag [Klagshamn, SE; Roden, Mark [Newnan, GA; Tolbert, Jerry C [Carrollton, GA; Lindsay, David [Carrollton, GA; Fisher, Paul W [Heiskell, TN; Nielsen, Carsten Thidemann [Jaegerspris, DK

    2014-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

    This invention relates to a termination unit comprising an end-section of a cable. The end section of the cable defines a central longitudinal axis and comprising end-parts of N electrical phases, an end-part of a neutral conductor and a surrounding thermally insulation envelope adapted to comprising a cooling fluid. The end-parts of the N electrical phases and the end-part of the neutral conductor each comprising at least one electrical conductor and being arranged in the cable concentrically around a core former with a phase 1 located relatively innermost, and phase N relatively outermost in the cable, phase N being surrounded by the neutral conductor, electrical insulation being arrange between neighboring electrical phases and between phase N and the neutral conductor, and wherein the end-parts of the neutral conductor and the electrical phases each comprise a contacting surface electrically connected to at least one branch current lead to provide an electrical connection: The contacting surfaces each having a longitudinal extension, and being located sequentially along the longitudinal extension of the end-section of the cable. The branch current leads being individually insulated from said thermally insulation envelope by individual electrical insulators.

  3. Holographic Nucleons in the Nuclear Medium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bum-Hoon Lee; Chanyong Park

    2015-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate the nucleon's rest mass and dispersion relation in the nuclear medium which is holographically described by the thermal charged AdS geometry. On this background, the chiral condensate plays an important role to determine the nucleon's mass in both the vacuum and the nuclear medium. It also significantly modifies the nucleon's dispersion relation. The nucleon's mass in the high density regime increases with density as expected, while in the low density regime it slightly decreases. We further study the splitting of the nucleon's masses caused by the isospin interaction with the nuclear medium.

  4. Method to prepare nanoparticles on porous mediums

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Vieth, Gabriel M. (Knoxville, TN) [Knoxville, TN; Dudney, Nancy J. (Oak Ridge, TN) [Oak Ridge, TN; Dai, Sheng (Knoxville, TN) [Knoxville, TN

    2010-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

    A method to prepare porous medium decorated with nanoparticles involves contacting a suspension of nanoparticles in an ionic liquid with a porous medium such that the particles diffuse into the pores of the medium followed by heating the resulting composition to a temperature equal to or greater than the thermal decomposition temperature of the ionic liquid resulting in the removal of the liquid portion of the suspension. The nanoparticles can be a metal, an alloy, or a metal compound. The resulting compositions can be used as catalysts, sensors, or separators.

  5. The different urban efforts to revitalize urban neighborhoods in the United States and the United Kingdom: comparative case study based on governmental responses focusing on urban neighborhood revitalization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ko, Youngho

    2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

    of Housing and Urban Development, 1975) Stable and viable #0;? Homogeneous #0;? New #0;? Single family First Grade "A" Area (green) Well-planned, homogeneous population First Stage New residential construction Stage 1 Single-family residential... to be marked by the dramatic fall of employment opportunities as well as decisions by public and private institutions that were detrimental to urban neighborhoods by discouraging investment and support for social and institutional resources in them...

  6. The municipal solid waste landfill as a source of Montreal Protocol-restricted halocarbons in the United States and United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hodson, Elke L. (Elke Lynn Ann)

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Central to the study of stratospheric ozone recovery and climate change, is the ability to predict emissions of Montreal Protocol-restricted halocarbons (MPGs) over the coming decades. The prediction of emissions has become ...

  7. Incompatibility of Contrast Medium and Trisodium Citrate

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Delcour, Christian, E-mail: christian.delcour@chu-charleroi.be; Bruninx, Guy [CHU de Charleroi, Department of Radiology (Belgium)] [CHU de Charleroi, Department of Radiology (Belgium)

    2013-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    To test the compatibility of trisodium citrate, a catheter lock solution, with iodinated contrast medium. Iohexol, iobitridol, iodixanol, ioxaglate, ioxithalamate, iomeprol, and iopromide were tested. In all tests, 2 ml of contrast medium were mixed with 2 ml of trisodium citrate solution. Iodixanol and ioxaglate provoked a highly viscous gluelike precipitation when mixed with trisodium citrate. A brief transient precipitate was observed with iohexol, iomeprol, and ioxithalamate. Permanent precipitation occurred with iobitridol and iopromide. One must be aware of the potential for precipitation when contrast medium is mixed with trisodium citrate solution. Before trisodium citrate solution is injected, the catheter should be thoroughly flushed with saline if a contrast medium has previously been injected through it.

  8. Special light trajectories in optical medium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miroslav Pardy

    2010-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

    The Fermat principle is used to define trajectories in nonhomogenous optical media. The Poincare model of the Lobachevskii geometry is derived. The index of refraction is determined for the light confined in the circular trajectory in the optical medium.

  9. Charmonium in medium: From correlators to experiment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, Xingbo; Rapp, Ralf.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We set up a framework in which in-medium charmonium properties are constrained by thermal lattice quantum chromodynamics and subsequently implemented into a thermal rate equation enabling the comparison with experimental data in heavy-ion collisions...

  10. Omega Transmission Lines with Applications to Effective Medium Models of Metamaterials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vehmas, Joni; Tretyakov, Sergei

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper we introduce the concept of transmission lines with inherent bi-anisotropy and establish an analogy between these lines and volumetric bi-anisotropic materials. In particular, we find under what conditions a periodically loaded transmission line can be treated as an effective omega medium. Two example circuits are introduced and analyzed. The results have two-fold implications: opening a route to emulate electromagnetic properties of bi-anisotropic omega media using transmission-line meshes and understanding and improving effective medium models of composite materials with the use of effective circuit models of unit cells.

  11. Method for charging and discharging a latent-heat storage medium and heat storage

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kreikenbohm, R.; Reusch, H.

    1982-12-28T23:59:59.000Z

    A heat storage unit is disclosed having a vertically cylindrical container accommodating a latent-heat storage medium and a conduit introducing a heat carrier liquid not miscible with the medium at the bottom of the container. The conduit has an exit nozzle which is located outside the axial center of the cylinder and nearly perpendicular to the radius of the cylinder so that the heat carrier liquid enters the cylinder at the bottom in a direction to cause the heat storage melt to be set into a rotary motion.

  12. Method for charging and discharging a latent-heat storage medium and heat storage

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kreikenbohm, R.; Reusch, H.

    1981-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

    A heat storage unit is disclosed having a vertically cylindrical container accommodating a latent-heat storage medium and a conduit introducing a heat carrier liquid not miscible with the medium at the bottom of the container. The conduit has an exit nozzle which is located outside the axial center of the cylinder and nearly perpendicular to the radius of the cylinder so that the heat carrier liquid enters the cylinder at the bottom in a direction to cause the heat storage melt to be set into a rotary motion.

  13. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    2 Fuels Used and End Uses in U.S. Homes, by OwnerRenter Status, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,,,"Housing Unit Type" ,,,,"Single-Family Units",,,,"Apartments in Buildings...

  14. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    2 Space Heating in U.S. Homes, by OwnerRenter Status, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,,,"Housing Unit Type" ,,,,"Single-Family Units",,,,"Apartments in Buildings With"...

  15. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    2 Computers and Other Electronics in U.S. Homes, by OwnerRenter Status, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,,,"Housing Unit Type" ,,,,"Single-Family Units",,,,"Apartments in...

  16. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    2 Water Heating in U.S. Homes, by OwnerRenter Status, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,,,"Housing Unit Type" ,,,,"Single-Family Units",,,,"Apartments in Buildings With"...

  17. Ethanol production using a soy hydrolysate-based medium or a yeast autolysate-based medium

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ingram, Lonnie O. (Gainesville, FL)

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This invention presents a method for the production of ethanol that utilizes a soy hydrolysate-based nutrient medium or a yeast autolysate-based medium nutrient medium in conjunction with ethanologenic bacteria and a fermentable sugar for the cost-effective production of ethanol from lignocellulosic biomass. The invention offers several advantages over presently available media for use in ethanol production, including consistent quality, lack of toxins and wide availability.

  18. Wavelength calibration of the JWST-MIRI medium resolution spectrometer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martinez-Galarza, J R; Hernan-Caballero, A; Azzollini, R; Glasse, A; Kendrew, S; Brandl, B; Lahuis, F

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present the wavelength and spectral resolution characterisation of the Integral Field Unit (IFU) Medium Resolution Spectrometer for the Mid-InfraRed Instrument (MIRI), to fly onboard the James Webb Space Telescope in 2014. We use data collected using the Verification Model of the instrument and develop an empirical method to calibrate properties such as wavelength range and resolving power in a portion of the spectrometer's full spectral range (5-28 microns). We test our results against optical models to verify the system requirements and combine them with a study of the fringing pattern in the instrument's detector to provide a more accurate calibration. We show that MIRI's IFU spectrometer will be able to produce spectra with a resolving power above R=2800 in the wavelength range 6.46-7.70 microns, and that the unresolved spectral lines are well fitted by a Gaussian profile.

  19. Small- and Medium-Size Building Automation and Control System...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Small- and Medium-Size Building Automation and Control System Needs: Scoping Study Small- and Medium-Size Building Automation and Control System Needs: Scoping Study Emerging...

  20. Plug-In Hybrid Electric Medium Duty Commercial Fleet Demonstration...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Plug-In Hybrid Electric Medium Duty Commercial Fleet Demonstration and Evaluation Plug-In Hybrid Electric Medium Duty Commercial Fleet Demonstration and Evaluation 2011 DOE...

  1. Medium- and Heavy-Duty Electric Drive Vehicle Simulation and...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Medium- and Heavy-Duty Electric Drive Vehicle Simulation and Analysis Medium- and Heavy-Duty Electric Drive Vehicle Simulation and Analysis 2011 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells...

  2. alkaline medium peliculas: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    38 The Local Interstellar Medium Astrophysics (arXiv) Summary: The Local Interstellar Medium (LISM) is a unique environment that presents an opportunity to study general...

  3. assessing short medium: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    W. 66 The Local Interstellar Medium Astrophysics (arXiv) Summary: The Local Interstellar Medium (LISM) is a unique environment that presents an opportunity to study general...

  4. aeruginosa culture medium: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    W. 95 The Local Interstellar Medium Astrophysics (arXiv) Summary: The Local Interstellar Medium (LISM) is a unique environment that presents an opportunity to study general...

  5. activation depolarizes medium: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    W. 173 The Local Interstellar Medium Astrophysics (arXiv) Summary: The Local Interstellar Medium (LISM) is a unique environment that presents an opportunity to study general...

  6. Removal of carbon tetrachloride from a layered porous medium...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    carbon tetrachloride from a layered porous medium by means of soil vapor extraction enhanced by desiccation and water Removal of carbon tetrachloride from a layered porous medium...

  7. Removal of Carbon Tetrachloride from a Layered Porous Medium...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Carbon Tetrachloride from a Layered Porous Medium by Means of Soil Vapor Extraction Enhanced by Desiccation and Water Removal of Carbon Tetrachloride from a Layered Porous Medium...

  8. Method for compressing and heating a heating medium to be externally supplied to an engine while using the energy available in the hot exhaust gases of the engine

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carlquist, S. G.

    1985-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

    In a method for compressing and heating a heating medium to be externally supplied to an engine, while using the energy available in the hot exhaust gases of the engine, the exhaust gases are caused to expand in at least two expansion stages to emit energy for compressing the heating medium in at least two compression stages, heat is transmitted from the exhaust gases after the first expansion stage to the heating medium after the last compression stage, and the heating medium is thereafter supplied with additional heat in a heat-producing unit before it is led to the engine.

  9. Texture-orientation mechanisms pool colour and luminance contrast P.M. Pearson a,*, F.A.A. Kingdom b

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kingdom, Frederick A. A.

    Texture-orientation mechanisms pool colour and luminance contrast P.M. Pearson a,*, F.A.A. Kingdom-sensitive mechanisms operate separately on, or pool, luminance and colour contrast information? We addressed comprised of gabor elements defined by either colour or luminance contrast. In both the uncrossed (all

  10. A Novel Kingdom of Parasitic Archaea Karl O. Stetter1,2* | Michael J. Hohn1 | Harald Huber1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahmad, Sajjad

    ;250 GEOTHERMAL BIOLOGY AND GEOCHEMISTRY IN YELLOWSTONE NATIONAL PARK Key Words ABSTRACT A nano-sized obligate parasite phylogeny 16S rDNA #12;A Novel Kingdom of Parasitic Archaea 251 1.0 INTRODUCTION More than 30 years ago, in his pioneering work in Yellowstone National Park, Tom Brock discovered Sulfolobus

  11. In-medium properties of nucleon resonances

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. Krusche

    2004-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent experimental results for the in-medium properties of nucleon resonances are discussed. The experiments were done with the TAPS detector at the tagged photon beam of the MAMI accelerator in Mainz. Measured was the photoproduction of mesons (final states $\\pi^o X$, $\\eta X$, $2\\pi^oX$ and $\\pi^o\\pi^{\\pm}X$) from the nuclei $^{12}$C, $^{40}$Ca, $^{93}$Nb, and $^{208}$Pb up to the second resonance region. The results were analyzed in view of the in-medium properties of the P$_{33}$(1232), the D$_{13}$(1520), and the S$_{11}$(1535) resonances.

  12. In-Medium Properties of Hadrons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. Krusche

    2006-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

    A diverse experimental program for the study of the photoproduction of mesons off nuclei has been carried out - and is still running - at the Mainz MAMI and Bonn ELSA electron accelerators with the TAPS, Crystal Barrel, and Crystal Ball calorimeters. It is motivated as a detailed study of the in-medium properties of hadrons and the meson - nucleus interactions. Typical examples for the in-medium behavior of vector mesons ($\\omega$), scalar mesons ($\\sigma$), and nucleon resonances (P$_{33}$(1232), S$_{11}$(1535), D$_{15}$(1520)) are discussed. Special attention is paid to meson - nucleus final state interactions.

  13. Numerical simulations of the intergalactic medium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tom Theuns

    2002-09-05T23:59:59.000Z

    The intergalactic medium at redshifts 2--6 can be studied observationally through the absorption features it produces in the spectra of background quasars. Most of the UV-absorption lines arise in mildly overdense regions, which can be simulated reliably with current hydrodynamical simulations. Comparison of observed and simulated spectra allows one to put contraints on the model's parameters.

  14. Brownian motor in a granular medium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Riccardo Balzan; Fergal Dalton; Vittorio Loreto; Alberto Petri; Giorgio Pontuale

    2009-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

    In this work we experimentally study the behavior of a freely-rotating asymmetric probe immersed in a vibrated granular medium. For a wide variety of vibration conditions the probe exhibits a steady rotation whose direction is constant with respect to the asymmetry. By changing the vibration amplitude and by filtering the noise in different frequency bands we show that the velocity of rotation does not depend only on the RMS acceleration $\\Gamma$, but also on the amount of energy provided to two separate frequency bands which are revealed to be important for the dynamics of the granular medium: the first band governs the transfer of energy from the grains to the probe, and the second affects the dynamics by altering the viscosity of the vibro-fluidized material.

  15. Electromagnetic Radiation and in-Medium Effects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ralf Rapp

    2005-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

    The theory of thermal photon and dilepton emission from a hot and dense hadronic gas, as well as from the Quark-Gluon Plasma, is reviewed in the context of extracting in-medium properties of the matter constituents. In phenomenological applications to ultrarelativistic heavy-ion collisions we focus on recent photon and dilepton spectra as measured by WA98 and CERES/NA45, respectively, at CERN-SPS energies.

  16. Exploring medium effects on the nuclear force

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    F. Sammarruca

    2004-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

    This STI product contains a description of results from theoretical studies in nuclear physics. The goal is a systematic investigation of the nuclear force in the nuclear medium. The problems addressed are: density-dependent effective interactions as seen through proton-nucleus reactions, nuclear matter with unequal densities of protons and neutrons, applications to asymmetric nuclei through predictions of neutron radii and neutron skins.

  17. Cosmic Minivoids in the Intergalactic Medium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Avery Meiksin

    1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Gunn-Peterson effect, absorption of Lya photons by a homogeneous component of the intergalactic medium (IGM), potentially provides a test of Big Bang Nucleosynthesis (BBN). With a lower limit on the UV radiation field estimated from the contribution due to QSOs, a measurement of the Lya opacity of the intergalactic medium would permit the derivation of a lower bound to the baryonic density of the universe. The effect, however, has continually eluded a convincing detection, both in HI and HeII, despite extensive searches. Recent cosmological hydrodynamical simulations of structure formation in the intergalactic medium suggest an explanation for its absence. In a Cold Dark Matter dominated cosmology, the fragmentation of the baryons is nearly complete, leaving a negligible remnant to comprise a smoothly distributed component. The fragmentation extends even into regions that are underdense, where it gives rise to most of the optically thin HI systems and nearly all of the HeII systems, both thin and saturated. The result is a Lya opacity from a smooth IGM that is suppressed by over two orders of magnitude from the BBN value.

  18. Wave scattering by small particles in a medium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. G. Ramm

    2007-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    Wave scattering is considered in a medium in which many small particles are embedded. Equations for the effective field in the medium are derived when the number of particles tends to infinity.

  19. Medium- and Heavy-Duty Electric Drive Vehicle Simulation and...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Medium- and Heavy-Duty Electric Drive Vehicle Simulation and Analysis Medium- and Heavy-Duty Electric Drive Vehicle Simulation and Analysis 2012 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program...

  20. The Enrichment of the Intracluster Medium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brad K. Gibson; Francesca Matteucci

    1996-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

    The enrichment of the intracluster medium (ICM) of galaxy clusters, within the framework of the supernovae-driven wind model for elliptical galaxies, has been considered under two extreme assumptions regarding the binding energy-mass-radius relations. Unless the binding energy at the time of wind commencement, for a given galactic mass, was a factor of approximately five lower than that predicted by the present-day relation, at most 20% of the ICM gas could have originated within the cluster ellipticals themselves, the remainder being of primordial origin.

  1. Category:MediumOffice | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty EditCalifornia:Power LPInformationCashtonGo Back to PVMagnetotelluricsMediumOffice

  2. Brief history of the metal accumulation in the intracluster medium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. Ettori

    2005-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

    We use models of the rates of Type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia) and core-collapse supernovae, built in such a way that both are consistent with recent observational constraints at zaccumulation in the intra-cluster medium. We show that these SN rates, in unit of SN number per comoving volume and rest-frame year, provide on average a total amount of Iron that is marginally consistent with the value measured in galaxy clusters in the redshift range 0-1, and a relative evolution with redshift that is in agreement with the observational constraints up to z~1.2. Moreover, we verify that the predicted metals to Iron ratios reproduce the measurements obtained in nearby clusters through X-ray analysis, implying that (1) about half of the Iron mass and >75 per cent of the Nickel mass observed locally are produced by SN Ia ejecta, (2) the SN Ia contribution to the metal budget decreases steeply with redshift and by z~1 is already less than half of the local amount and (3) a transition in the abundance ratios relative to the Iron is present between redshifts ~0.5 and 1.4, with core-collapse SN products becoming dominant at higher redshifts.

  3. The Impact of Galactic Feedback on the Circumgalactic Medium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suresh, Joshua; Vogelsberger, Mark; Genel, Shy; Torrey, Paul; Sijacki, Debora; Springel, Volker; Hernquist, Lars

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Galactic feedback strongly affects the way galactic environments are enriched. We examine this connection by performing a suite of cosmological hydrodynamic simulations, exploring a range of parameters based on the galaxy formation model developed in Vogelsberger et al. 2013 (henceforth V13). We examine the effects of AGN feedback, wind mass loading, wind specific energy, and wind metal-loading on the properties of the circumgalactic medium (CGM) of galaxies with $M_\\text{halo} > 10^{11} M_\\odot$. Note that while the V13 model was tuned to match observations including the stellar mass function, no explicit tuning was done for the CGM. The wind energy per unit outflow mass has the most significant effect on the CGM enrichment. High energy winds launch metals far beyond the virial radius. AGN feedback also has a significant effect, but only at $z < 3$. We compare to high redshift HI and CIV observations. All our simulations produce the observed number of Damped Lyman-$\\alpha$ Absorbers. At lower column densi...

  4. Advanced Rooftop Unit Control

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Advanced-Rooftop-Unit-Control Sign In About | Careers | Contact | Investors | bpa.gov Search Policy & Reporting Expand Policy & Reporting EE Sectors Expand EE Sectors...

  5. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Used and End Uses in Homes in South Region, Divisions, and States, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"South Census Region" ,,,"South Atlantic Census Division",,,,,,"East...

  6. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Used and End Uses in Homes in West Region, Divisions, and States, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"West Census Region" ,,,"Mountain Census Division",,,"Pacific...

  7. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Used and End Uses in Homes in Midwest Region, Divisions, and States, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"Midwest Census Region" ,,,"East North Central Census...

  8. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    1 Space Heating in U.S. Homes in West Region, Divisions, and States, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"West Census Region" ,,,"Mountain Census Division",,,"Pacific...

  9. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    0 Space Heating in U.S. Homes in South Region, Divisions, and States, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"South Census Region" ,,,"South Atlantic Census Division",,,,,,"East...

  10. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    9 Space Heating in U.S. Homes in Midwest Region, Divisions, and States, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"Midwest Census Region" " ",,,"East North Central Census...

  11. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    8 Space Heating in U.S. Homes in Northeast Region, Divisions, and States, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"Northeast Census Region" ,,,"New England Census...

  12. United States Department of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ., Ashland, OR 97520 and Gwyneth Myer, Consultant, 220 W. Rapp Rd. Unit 3, Talent, OR 97540. #12;2 THE FIRE

  13. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    1 Computers and Other Electronics in Homes in West Region, Divisions, and States, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"West Census Region" ,,,"Mountain Census...

  14. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    0 Computers and Other Electronics in Homes in South Region, Divisions, and States, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"South Census Region" ,,,"South Atlantic Census...

  15. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    9 Computers and Other Electronics in Homes in Midwest Region, Divisions, and States, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"Midwest Census Region" ,,,"East North Central Census...

  16. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    8 Computers and Other Electronics in Homes in Northeast Region, Divisions, and States, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"Northeast Census Region" ,,,"New England Census...

  17. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    8 Water Heating in U.S. Homes in Northeast Region, Divisions, and States, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"Northeast Census Region" ,,,"New England Census...

  18. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    11 Water Heating in U.S. Homes in West Region, Divisions, and States, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"West Census Region" ,,,"Mountain Census Division",,,"Pacific...

  19. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    9 Water Heating in U.S. Homes in Midwest Region, Divisions, and States, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"Midwest Census Region" ,,,"East North Central Census...

  20. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    0 Water Heating in U.S. Homes in South Region, Divisions, and States, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"South Census Region" ,,,"South Atlantic Census Division",,,,,,"East...

  1. Contrast-Medium-Enhanced Digital Mammography: Contrast vs. Iodine Concentration Phantom Calibration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rosado-Mendez, I.; Brandan, M. E. [Instituto de Fisica, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, 04510 DF (Mexico); Villasenor, Y. [Instituto Nacional de Cancerologia (INCan), Av. San Fernando 22, Tlalpan 14080 DF (Mexico); Benitez-Bribiesca, L. [Centro Medico Nacional Siglo XXI, Av. Cuauhtemoc 330, Col. Doctores 06725 DF (Mexico)

    2008-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

    This work deals with the application of the contrast-medium-enhanced digital subtraction mammography technique in order to calibrate the contrast level in subtracted phantom images as function of iodine concentration to perform dynamic studies of the contrast-medium uptake in the breast. Previously optimized dual-energy temporal subtraction modalities were used (a) to determine radiological parameters for a dynamic clinical study composed of 1 mask+3 post-contrast images limiting the total mean glandular dose to 2.5 mGy, and (b) to perform a contrast vs iodine concentration calibration using a custom-made phantom. Calculated exposure values were applied using a commercial full-field digital mammography unit. Contrast in subtracted phantom images (one mask and one post-CM) is linear as function of iodine concentration, although the sensitivity (contrast per iodine concentration) decreases beyond 8 mg/mL. This calibration seems to apply only to thin and normal thickness breasts.

  2. *Corresponding authors: Dr. M. Enamul Hossain, Department of Petroleum Engineering, College of Engineering Science, King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals, Dhahran 31261, KFUPM Box: 2020, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Tel: + 96638602305 (O), Fax: +966386

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hossain, M. Enamul

    of Engineering Science, King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals, Dhahran 31261, KFUPM Box: 2020, Kingdom; King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals, Dhahran 31261, Saudi Arabia Copyright 2013, Society

  3. FISHERY STATISTICS UNITED STATES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    FISHERY STATISTICS OF THE UNITED STATES 1972 STATISTICAL DIGEST NO. 66 Prepared by STATISTICS;ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The data in this edition of "Fishery Statistics of the United States" were collected in co- operation with the various States and tabulated by the staff of the Statistics and Market News Division

  4. Associative list processing unit

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hemmert, Karl Scott; Underwood, Keith D.

    2013-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

    An associative list processing unit and method comprising employing a plurality of prioritized cell blocks and permitting inserts to occur in a single clock cycle if all of the cell blocks are not full. Also, an associative list processing unit and method comprising employing a plurality of prioritized cell blocks and using a tree of prioritized multiplexers descending from the plurality of cell blocks.

  5. United States Department of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Gregory G.

    Assessment Thomas M. Quigley, Editor U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service Pacific Northwest Research, and Andy Wilson. Thomas M. Quigley Editor United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service United Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 120 p. (Quigley, Thomas M., ed.; Interior Columbia Basin

  6. United States Environmental

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loudon, Catherine

    Protect Your Family From Lead in Your Home United States Environmental Protection Agency United · What you can do to protect your family · Where to go for more information Before renting or buying Family from Lead Hazards If you think your home has lead-based paint: · Don't try to remove lead

  7. First record of Chiasmognathus from the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (Hymenoptera, Apidae)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alqarni, Abdulaziz S.; Hannan, Mohammed A.; Hinojosa-Dí az, Ismael A.; Engel, Michael S.

    2013-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

    The cleptoparasitic bee genus Chiasmognathus Engel (Nomadinae: Ammobatini) is recorded from Saudi Arabia for the first time. Chiasmognathus nearchus Engel was previously known from specimens collected in the United Arab ...

  8. Erosion dynamics of a wet granular medium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gautier Lefebvre; Pierre Jop

    2014-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

    Liquid may give strong cohesion properties to a granular medium, and confer a solid-like behavior. We study the erosion of a fixed circular aggregate of wet granular matter subjected to a flow of dry grains inside a half-filled rotating drum. During the rotation, the dry grains flow around the fixed obstacle. We show that its diameter decreases linearly with time for low liquid content, as wet grains are pulled-out of the aggregate. This erosion phenomenon is governed by the properties of the liquids. The erosion rate decreases exponentially with the surface tension while it depends on the viscosity to the power -1. We propose a model based on the force fluctuations arising inside the flow, explaining both dependencies: the capillary force acts as a threshold and the viscosity controls the erosion time scale. We also provide experiments using different flowing grains confirming our model.

  9. Double hadron leptoproduction in the nuclear medium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Airapetian, A; Akopov, Z; Amarian, M; Andrus, A; Aschenauer, E C; Augustyniak, W; Avakian, R; Avetisian, A; Avetissian, E; Bailey, P; Belostotskii, S; Bianchi, N; Blok, H P; Böttcher, Helmut B; Borisov, A; Borysenko, A; Brüll, A; Bryzgalov, V; Capiluppi, M; Capitani, G P; Ciullo, G; Contalbrigo, M; Dalpiaz, P F; Deconinck, W; De Leo, R; Demey, M; De Nardo, L; De Sanctis, E; Devitsin, E G; Diefenthaler, M; Di Nezza, P; Dreschler, J; Düren, M; Ehrenfried, M; Elalaoui-Moulay, A; Elbakian, G; Ellinghaus, F; Elschenbroich, U; Fabbri, R; Fantoni, A; Felawka, L; Frullani, S; Funel, A; Gapienko, G; Gapienko, V; Garibaldi, F; Garrow, K; Gavrilov, G; Karibian, V; Giordano, F; Grebenyuk, O; Gregor, I M; Griffioen, K; Guler, H; Hadjidakis, C; Hartig, M; Hasch, D; Hasegawa, T; Hesselink, W H A; Hillenbrand, A; Hoek, M; Holler, Y; Hommez, B; Hristova, I; Iarygin, G; Ivanilov, A; Izotov, A; Jackson, H E; Jgoun, A; Kaiser, R; Keri, T; Kinney, E; Kiselev, A; Kobayashi, T; Kopytin, M; Korotkov, V; Kozlov, V; Krauss, B; Kravchenko, P; Krivokhizhin, V G; Lagamba, L; Lapikas, L; Lenisa, P; Liebing, P; Linden-Levy, L A; Lorenzon, W; Lü, J; Lu, S; Ma, B Q; Maiheu, B; Makins, N C R; Mao, Y; Marianski, B; Marukyan, H; Masoli, F; Mexner, V; Meyners, N; Michler, T; Miklukho, O; Miller, C A; Miyachi, Y; Muccifora, V; Murray, M; Nagaitsev, A; Nappi, E; Naryshkin, Yu; Negodaev, M; Nowak, Wolf-Dieter; Ohsuga, H; Osborne, A; Perez-Benito, R; Pickert, N; Raithel, M; Reggiani, D; Reimer, P E; Reischl, A; Reolon, A R; Riedl, C; Rith, K; Rosner, G; Rostomyan, A; Rubacek, L; Rubin, J; Ryckbosch, D; Salomatin, Y; Sanjiev, I; Savin, I; Schäfer, A; Schnell, G; Schüler, K P; Seele, J; Seidl, R; Seitz, B; Shearer, C; Shibata, T A; Shutov, V; Sinram, K; Stancari, M; Statera, M; Steffens, E; Steijger, J J M; Stenzel, H; Stewart, J; Stinzing, F; Streit, J; Tait, P; Tanaka, H; Taroian, S P; Tchuiko, B; Terkulov, A R; Trzcinski, A; Tytgat, M; Vandenbroucke, A; Van der Nat, P B; van der Steenhoven, G; Van Haarlem, Y; Veretennikov, D; Vikhrov, V; Vogel, C; Wang, S; Ye, Y; Ye, Z; Yen, S; Zihlmann, B; Zupranski, P

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    First measurement of double-hadron production in deep-inelastic scattering has been measured with the HERMES spectrometer at HERA using a 27.6 GeV positron beam with deuterium, nitrogen, krypton and xenon targets. The influence of the nuclear medium on the ratio of double-hadron to single-hadron yields has been investigated. Nuclear effects are clearly observed but with substantially smaller magnitude and reduced $A$-dependence compared to previously measured single-hadron multiplicity ratios. The data are in fair agreement with models based on partonic or pre-hadronic energy loss, while they seem to rule out a pure absorptive treatment of the final state interactions. Thus, the double-hadron ratio provides an additional tool for studying modifications of hadronization in nuclear matter.

  10. Im Rahmen der Vorlesung Bank-und Kapitalmarktrecht veranstaltet der Lehrstuhl fr

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schubart, Christoph

    Papua New Guinea Saudi Arabia Singapore Spain Sweden United Arab Emirates United Kingdom United States

  11. AUSTRALIA BELGIUM CHINA FRANCE GERMANY HONG KONG SAR INDONESIA (ASSOCIATED OFFICE) ITALY JAPAN PAPUA NEW GUINEA SAUDI ARABIA SINGAPORE SPAIN SWEDEN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Royal Holloway, University of London

    PAPUA NEW GUINEA SAUDI ARABIA SINGAPORE SPAIN SWEDEN UNITED ARAB EMIRATES UNITED KINGDOM UNITED STATES

  12. PDC bit proves effective at South Graham Deese Sand unit

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Preslar, P.L.; McDermaid, D.

    1983-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In the past two years, Polycrystalline Diamond Compact Bits have gained acceptance in the United States with many spot applications in soft to medium hard formations. Diamond Compact Bits were chosen by Tenneco's Mid-Continent Division Drilling Department to be used at its South Graham Deese Sand Unit in Southern Oklahoma. Drilling in the field is complicated by a plunging anticline which has caused deviation problems in excess of 20. Previous wells were drilled in 24 days, excluding completion time, using conventional rotary bits and applying light bit weight to control deviation. Presently, by using a PDC bit, similar wells can be drilled in as little as 10 days.

  13. Automatically clustering similar units for unit selection in speech synthesis. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Black, Alan W; Taylor, Paul A

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper describes a new method for synthesizing speech by concatenating sub-word units from a database of labelled speech. A large unit inventory is created by automatically clustering units of the same phone class ...

  14. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    3 Appliances in U.S. Homes, by Year of Construction, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"Year of Construction" ,"Total U.S.1 (millions)" ,,"Before 1940","1940 to 1949","1950...

  15. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    3 Televisions in U.S. Homes, by Year of Construction, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"Year of Construction" ,"Total U.S.1 (millions)" ,,"Before 1940","1940 to 1949","1950...

  16. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    4 Televisions in U.S. Homes, by Number of Household Members, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"Number of Household Members" ,"Total U.S.1 (millions)" ,,,,,,"5 or More...

  17. Stochastic Unit Commitment in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Römisch, Werner

    the amount of installed pumped storage capacity enables the inclusion of pumped storage plants units. Its total capacity is about 13,000 megawatts (MW), including a hydro capacity of 1,700 MW

  18. Associative list processing unit

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hemmert, Karl Scott; Underwood, Keith D

    2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An associative list processing unit and method comprising employing a plurality of prioritized cell blocks and permitting inserts to occur in a single clock cycle if all of the cell blocks are not full.

  19. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    6 Space Heating in U.S. Homes, by Climate Region, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"Climate Region2" ,"Total U.S.1 (millions)" ,,"Very Cold","Mixed- Humid","Mixed-Dry"...

  20. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    7 Space Heating in U.S. Homes, by Census Region, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"Census Region" ,"Total U.S.1 (millions)" ,,"Northeast","Midwest","South","West" "Space...

  1. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    4 Space Heating in U.S. Homes, by Number of Household Members, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"Number of Household Members" ,"Total U.S.1 (millions)" ,,,,,,"5 or More...

  2. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    3 Space Heating in U.S. Homes, by Year of Construction, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"Year of Construction" ,"Total U.S.1 (millions)" ,,"Before 1940","1940 to...

  3. Voltage verification unit

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Martin, Edward J. (Virginia Beach, VA)

    2008-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A voltage verification unit and method for determining the absence of potentially dangerous potentials within a power supply enclosure without Mode 2 work is disclosed. With this device and method, a qualified worker, following a relatively simple protocol that involves a function test (hot, cold, hot) of the voltage verification unit before Lock Out/Tag Out and, and once the Lock Out/Tag Out is completed, testing or "trying" by simply reading a display on the voltage verification unit can be accomplished without exposure of the operator to the interior of the voltage supply enclosure. According to a preferred embodiment, the voltage verification unit includes test leads to allow diagnostics with other meters, without the necessity of accessing potentially dangerous bus bars or the like.

  4. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    6 Televisions in U.S. Homes, by Climate Region, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"Climate Region2" ,"Total U.S.1 (millions)" ,,"Very Cold","Mixed- Humid","Mixed-Dry"...

  5. United States Department of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of a typical wind energy production facility, the results warrant further research on the use of acoustic;1 INTRODUCTION Over the past decade, wind energy production capacity in the United States has increased

  6. " Million Housing Units, Preliminary"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Computers and Other Electronics in U.S. Homes, By Number of Household Members, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Preliminary" ,,"Number of Household Members" ,"Total U.S.1 (millions)"...

  7. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    3 Computers and Other Electronics in U.S. Homes, by Year of Construction, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"Year of Construction" ,"Total U.S.1 (millions)" ,,"Before...

  8. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    7 Computers and Other Electronics in U.S. Homes, by Census Region, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"Census Region" ,"Total U.S.1 (millions)" ,,"Northeast","Midwest","South"...

  9. " Million Housing Units, Final"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    5 Computers and Other Electronics in U.S. Homes, by Household Income, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"Household Income" ,"Total U.S.1 (millions)",,,"Below Poverty...

  10. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    7 Water Heating in U.S. Homes, by Census Region, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"Census Region" ,"Total U.S.1 (millions)" ,,"Northeast","Midwest","South","West" "Water...

  11. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    3 Water Heating in U.S. Homes, by Year of Construction, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"Year of Construction" ,"Total U.S.1 (millions)" ,,"Before 1940","1940 to...

  12. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    4 Water Heating in U.S. Homes, by Number of Household Members, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"Number of Household Members" ,"Total U.S.1 (millions)" ,,,,,,"5 or More...

  13. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    6 Water Heating in U.S. Homes, by Climate Region, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"Climate Region2" ,"Total U.S.1 (millions)" ,,"Very Cold","Mixed- Humid","Mixed-Dry"...

  14. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    5 Water Heating in U.S. Homes, by Household Income, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"Household Income" ,"Total U.S.1 (millions)",,,"Below Poverty Line2" ,,"Less than...

  15. " Million Housing Units, Final"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Housing Units, Final" ,,"Household Income" ,"Total U.S.1 (millions)",,,"Below Poverty Line2" ,,"Less than 20,000","20,000 to 39,999","40,000 to 59,999","60,000 to...

  16. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Housing Units, Final" ,,"Household Income" ,"Total U.S.1 (millions)",,,"Below Poverty Line2" ,,"Less than 20,000","20,000 to 39,999","40,000 to 59,999","60,000 to...

  17. Submerged Medium Voltage Cable Systems at Nuclear Power Plants...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Submerged Medium Voltage Cable Systems at Nuclear Power Plants: A Review of Research Efforts Relevant to Aging Mechanisms and Condition Monitoring. Re-direct Destination: In a...

  18. Vehicle Technologies Office Issues Notice of Intent for Medium...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Vehicle Technologies Office Issues Notice of Intent for Medium and Heavy-Duty Vehicle Demonstration Funding Opportunity Vehicle Technologies Office Issues Notice of Intent for...

  19. Statistical Characterization of Medium-Duty Electric Vehicle...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    new EVs. Within the medium- and heavy-duty commercial vehicle segment, both the Smith Electric Newton and Navistar eStar vehicles qualified for such funding opportunities....

  20. Plug-In Hybrid Electric Medium Duty Commercial Fleet Demonstration...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    arravt068vssmiyasato2011o .pdf More Documents & Publications SCAQMD:Plug-In Hybrid Electric Medium-Duty Commercial Fleet Demonstration and Evaluation Plug-In Hybrid...

  1. acid medium application: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    University - TxSpace Summary: substrate and their catalytic function takes place in acid medium. This harsh environment causes an undesired reaction, which is the dissolution of...

  2. acid aqueous medium: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    transfer radical polymerization technique ... Yao, Jia 3 Ultrasonic measurement of porous medium in an aqueous environment Texas A&M University - TxSpace Summary: August 1995 Major...

  3. air dense medium: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and X-ray afterglows. Explanations of this behavior include models invoking a dense medium environment which makes the shock wave evolve quickly into the sub-relativistic...

  4. acidic aqueous medium: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    transfer radical polymerization technique ... Yao, Jia 3 Ultrasonic measurement of porous medium in an aqueous environment Texas A&M University - TxSpace Summary: August 1995 Major...

  5. adaptive medium access: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    cost reduction of wireless technologies, ITS is finding favour, transport efficiency and environment concerns. However, the vehicular network applications require a medium...

  6. Best Buys and Unit Pricing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anding, Jenna

    2000-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

    This guide explains how to determine a unit price--the cost of an item based on a specific unit such as pound or ounce. Unit pricing can be used to identify foods that are the most economical....

  7. Light Vector Mesons in the Nuclear Medium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. H. Wood; R. Nasseripour; D. P. Weygand; C. Djalali; C. Tur; U. Mosel; P. Muehlich; CLAS Collaboration

    2008-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

    The light vector mesons ($\\rho$, $\\omega$, and $\\phi$) were produced in deuterium, carbon, titanium, and iron targets in a search for possible in-medium modifications to the properties of the $\\rho$ meson at normal nuclear densities and zero temperature. The vector mesons were detected with the CEBAF Large Acceptance Spectrometer (CLAS) via their decays to $e^{+}e^{-}$. The rare leptonic decay was chosen to reduce final-state interactions. A combinatorial background was subtracted from the invariant mass spectra using a well-established event-mixing technique. The $\\rho$ meson mass spectrum was extracted after the $\\omega$ and $\\phi$ signals were removed in a nearly model-independent way. Comparisons were made between the $\\rho$ mass spectra from the heavy targets ($A > 2$) with the mass spectrum extracted from the deuterium target. With respect to the $\\rho$-meson mass, we obtain a small shift compatible with zero. Also, we measure widths consistent with standard nuclear many-body effects such as collisional broadening and Fermi motion.

  8. Light pressure on a solid body immersed in a liquid medium

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Makarov, Vyacheslav P; Rukhadze, Anri A [A M Prokhorov General Physics Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow (Russian Federation)

    2012-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    We have solved the problem about the force with which an electromagnetic pulse in a liquid (or gaseous) medium at rest affects a solid body (also at rest) immersed in it. We have shown that under certain conditions (relating to the characteristics of the medium and the pulse shape), the formula for the force exerted per unit area of a body surface is obtained from the Landau - Lifshitz equations for static fields in the same way as, according to Pitaevskii, the field stress tensor is obtained from the static field stress tensor with the dispersion taken into account. The formula for the force acting on the wall, from which an incident quasi-monochromatic plane wave with a given intensity is reflected, differs from the corresponding formula for the case when the body is in a vacuum by the factor {+-}n{sub 1}, where n{sub 1} is the refractive index, and the upper (lower) sign corresponds to a positive (negative) group velocity of the wave in the medium. (laser applications and other topics in quantum electronics)

  9. Sandia Energy - Phasor Measurement Units

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Phasor Measurement Units Home Stationary Power Grid Modernization Cyber Security for Electric Infrastructure Phasor Measurement Units Phasor Measurement Unitsashoter2015-05-11T21:0...

  10. Solving Unit Commitment by a Unit Decommitment Method

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Solving Unit Commitment by a Unit Decommitment Method Chung-Li Tsengy,Chao-an Liz, Shmuel S. Oren x October 14, 1997 Abstract In this paper, we present an e cient and robust method for solving unit commit- ment problem using a unit decommitment method. 1 Introduction A problem that must be frequently solved

  11. 2013 UNITED KINGDOM ATOMIC ENERGY AUTHORITY The following article appeared in Fusion Engineering and Design, Vol.88, Issues 9-10,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    high heat flux cooling systems Barrett T R, Robinson S, Flinders K, Sergis A, Hardalupas Y The Version Cooling Systems Thomas R. Barretta , S. Robinsona , K. Flindersa , A. Sergisb , Y. Hardalupasb a EURATOM Heat Flux, HyperVapotron, Erosion 1. Introduction As engineering design studies progress towards

  12. J. Fluid Mech. (2006), vol. 556, pp. 147166. c 2006 Cambridge University Press doi:10.1017/S0022112006009347 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dabiri, John O.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Laboratories and Bioengineering, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA (Received 17) is used to measure the development of the ring vorticity and its eventual pinch off from the generating for the ring to obtain maximal circulation and pinch off from the generating jet, called the formation number

  13. J. Fluid Mech. (2009), vol. 619, pp. 4578. c 2008 Cambridge University Press doi:10.1017/S0022112008004382 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bush, John W.M.

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    AND JOHN W. M. BUS H Department of Mathematics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139 the evolution of the cavity shape and yields an analytical solution for the pinch-off time in the zero Bond number limit. The sphere's depth at cavity pinch-off is also computed in the low Weber number, quasi

  14. J. Fluid Mech. (2006), vol. 560, pp. 123147. c 2006 Cambridge University Press doi:10.1017/S0022112006000656 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wesfreid, José Eduardo

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    on the mean flow and the global drag applied on the cylinder. We then discuss the mechanism responsible cylinder, the effect of `in-line' oscillations on wake structure and hydrodynamic forces have been oscillation of the cylinder could, for optimal parameters, achieve a significant drag reduction (80

  15. J. Fluid Mech. (2006), vol. 553, pp. 227252. c 2006 Cambridge University Press doi:10.1017/S0022112006008810 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abdou, Mohamed

    S MOLENTSEV AND MOHAMED A. ABDOU Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Department, University of California, Mor. 62580, M´exico. #12;228 S. Cuevas, S. Smolentsev and M. A. Abdou (2001), who addressed the onset

  16. J. Fluid Mech. (2007), vol. 577, pp. 137159. c 2007 Cambridge University Press doi:10.1017/S0022112007004624 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of phase-locked upward and downward propagating beams, which are characterized by both horizontal. A possible mechanism is identified for the excitation of vortex cores that are lifted over the shelf break

  17. Conceptualisations of citizenship in Sweden and the United Kingdom: an empirical study and analysis of how ‘citizenship’ is understood in policy and by policy-makers. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McIver, Scott Iain

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This empirical study identifies and analyses what conceptualisations of citizenship emerge in policy thinking around naturalisation and how these conceptualisations have been articulated in citizenship policy and by policy-makers in the two specific...

  18. J. Fluid Mech. (2009), vol. 633, pp. 137145. c 2009 Cambridge University Press doi:10.1017/S0022112009008076 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eggers, Jens

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    is suspended from a cylindrical tube, held slightly above a horizontal water surface. A flow of dyed water is released through the tube into the reservoir, and flow lines are thus recorded. At low Reynolds numbers, flow lines follow the free surface, and injected water spreads horizontally inside the container

  19. Report on the SNL/AWE/NSF international workshop on joint mechanics, Dartington, United Kingdom, 2729 April 2009.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ewins, David J. (University of Bristol, UK); Bergman, Lawrence A. (University of Illinois, Urbana, IL); Segalman, Daniel Joseph

    2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The SNL/AWE joint mechanics workshop, held in Dartington Hall, Totnes, Devon, UK 26-29 April 2009 was a follow up to another international joints workshop held in Arlington, Virginia, in October 2006. The preceding workshop focused on identifying what length scales and interactions would be necessary to provide a scientific basis for analyzing and understanding joint mechanics from the atomistic scale on upward. In contrast, the workshop discussed in this report, focused much more on identification and development of methods at longer length scales that can have a nearer term impact on engineering analysis, design, and prediction of the dynamics of jointed structures. Also, the 2009 meeting employed less technical presentation and more break out sessions for developing focused strategies than was the case with the early workshop. Several 'challenges' were identified and assignments were made to teams to develop approaches to address those challenges.

  20. JFP 16 (6): 663670, 2006. c 2006 Cambridge University Press doi:10.1017/S0956796806006149 First published online 14 September 2006 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yi, Kwangkeun "Kwang"

    , even essential, in developing both correct and efficient programs. 1 Introduction Harper (Harper, 1999-order continuation-passing style (CPS), making it inaccessible to beginning students. If we wish to teach. In short, our new version can #12;664 K. Yi convince students that the idea is useful, even essential

  1. J. Fluid Mech. (2006), vol. 556, pp. 121146. c 2006 Cambridge University Press doi:10.1017/S0022112006009463 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of Physics, DK-2800 Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark 3 Risø National Laboratory, Optics and Plasma Research Department

  2. J. Fluid Mech. (2004), vol. 515, pp. 391413. c 2004 Cambridge University Press DOI: 10.1017/S0022112004000527 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    heat and mass transfer problem of significance in both fundamental fluid mechanics and engineering investigations of the onset of oscillatory convection in a sidewall heated rectangular cavity of molten gallium simulations of a three-dimensional Boussinesq model. The onset of time-dependence takes place through

  3. Math. Proc. Camb. Phil. Soc. (2002), 133, 345 c 2002 Cambridge Philosophical Society DOI: 10.1017/S030500410200590X Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Wenxia

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ) z(, n) = -1 , F = (), and = : lim sup n z(, n + 1) z(, n) -1 , F = ( ). We show that dimP F = dimP F = dimB F = dimB F = s with j ai s = 1, and dimH F = dimH F = where is such that log j a j dimension of S, dimP S = dimH C. For non-homogeneous Cantor sets C it is much more difficult to determine

  4. J. Fluid Mech. (2007), vol. 571, pp. 371389. c 2007 Cambridge University Press doi:10.1017/S002211200600317X Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    aims at determining the risk of flutter as a function of the governing control parameters or external flow. The limit case of vanishing bending stiffness, where the cylinder is modelled as a string, and a simple model for the behaviour of long cylinders is proposed. 1. Introduction When a long flexible

  5. J. Fluid Mech. (2007), vol. 582, pp. 179202. c 2007 Cambridge University Press doi:10.1017/S0022112007005770 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schoeberl, Joachim

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    with the slat cove resonances and depend on the slat cove geometry. All resonances are damped owing to radiation, Thomas & Nelson (2000) (high-lift model), Dobrzynski, #12;180 S. Hein, T. Hohage, W. Koch and J. Sch

  6. Journal of Tropical Ecology (2009) 25:541550. Copyright 2009 Cambridge University Press doi:10.1017/S0266467409990113 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Howe, Henry F.

    , but most seeds were dispersed by wind. A pattern of seed rain biased strongly towards wind and mortality of seeds and seedlings in the site (Schupp et al. 1989, Svenning & Wright 2005, Tilman 1997 and seedling mortality from random and non-random factors is immense (Harper 1977), with far more seeds

  7. J. Fluid Mech. (2004), vol. 507, pp. 142. c 2004 Cambridge University Press DOI: 10.1017/S0022112004007888 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hunt, Julian

    , Aoba-ku, Sendai 980-8577, Japan 2 Departments of Space and Climate Physics and Geological Sciences of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands (Received 14 February 2002 and in revised form 14 November 2003 the turbulence is determined by Nt at the leading order, and the effects of vertical shear generally appear

  8. J. Fluid Mech. (2007), vol. 572, pp. 111120. c 2007 Cambridge University Press doi:10.1017/S0022112006003648 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bou-Zeid, Elie

    October 2006) We use direct Lyapunov exponents (DLE) to identify Lagrangian coherent structures in two find that, despite additional computational cost, the DLE method has several advantages over Eulerian on a preselected threshold. As a further advantage, the DLE method requires no velocity derivatives, which

  9. J. Fluid Mech. (2006), vol. 557, pp. 2961. c 2006 Cambridge University Press doi:10.1017/S0022112006009475 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    J. Fluid Mech. (2006), vol. 557, pp. 29­61. c 2006 Cambridge University Press doi:10.1017/S fuel and capsule is a liability which provides considerable challenges in #12;30 D. J. Hill, C. Pantano

  10. J. Fluid Mech. (2007), vol. 579, pp. 481492. c 2007 Cambridge University Press doi:10.1017/S0022112007005599 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duchemin, Laurent

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    (ICF) the high fuel density which is required for nuclear burning can be obtained by implodingJ. Fluid Mech. (2007), vol. 579, pp. 481­492. c 2007 Cambridge University Press doi:10.1017/S model, called the sharp boundary model (SBM), consisting of two fluids of constant density separated

  11. J. Fluid Mech. (2008), vol. 595, pp. 265290. c 2008 Cambridge University Press doi:10.1017/S0022112007009238 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    instability in a finite-length rotating cylinder subject to periodic axial compression by small sinusoidal inertial- wave (Kelvin) modes of the cylinder and the oscillatory compression and is resisted by viscosity with frequency near to half that of compression, or a pair of non-axisymmetric modes of the same azimuthal

  12. Acta Numerica (2006), pp. 385470 c Cambridge University Press, 2006 doi: 10.1017/S0962492906250013 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Higdon, Robert L.

    serves to moderate the temperature differences caused by unequal solar heating. In the case of the ocean of the atmosphere and ocean move large amounts of heat from tropical regions to higher latitudes, and this transport in a recent report by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (2001). More localized aspects of ocean

  13. J. Fluid Mech. (2006), vol. 552, pp. 299309. c 2006 Cambridge University Press doi:10.1017/S0022112005008347 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kasman, Alex

    larger than the ambient pressure. We show that the effect of increasing the ambient sound speed in a following reaction zone, which can occur in gaseous, liquid or solid explosives. The idealized detonation the reaction wave structure in detonating liquid and solid explosives, where the extreme high

  14. Systematics and Biodiversity 5 (2): 145158 Issued 25 May 2007 doi:10.1017/S1477200006002180 Printed in the United Kingdom C The Natural History Museum

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olson, Mark

    , represented by Moringa longituba (Moringaceae, the drumstick tree family), from an arborescent ancestral- type

  15. J. Fluid Mech. (2007), vol. 584, pp. 357372. c 2007 Cambridge University Press doi:10.1017/S0022112007006428 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meiburg, Eckart H.

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    flooding via hydraulically induced fractures. Such fractures can extend several hundred feet away from of a vertically oriented gap is of particular interest for advanced oil production techniques that employ miscible

  16. J. Fluid Mech. (2006), vol. 558, pp. 329355. c 2006 Cambridge University Press doi:10.1017/S0022112006009992 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meiburg, Eckart H.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    equations. For all values of Pe, the maximum growth rate is found to increase monotonically. The findings from the present stability analysis are discussed and compared with their Darcy counterparts of its fascinating facets. Its importance for practical applications such as oil recovery and hydrology

  17. J. Fluid Mech. (2009), vol. 629, pp. 231262. c 2009 Cambridge University Press doi:10.1017/S0022112009006351 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dabiri, John O.

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    -order accurate shock- and interface-capturing scheme is used to simulate the collapse of a gas bubble in water for both the bubble dynamics and the propagation of the shock emitted upon the collapse. Non, interactions between shock waves and gas inhomogeneities such as bubbles lead to the formation of a re

  18. J. Fluid Mech. (2006), vol. 558, pp. 3352. c 2006 Cambridge University Press doi:10.1017/S0022112006009839 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bush, John W.M.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    J. Fluid Mech. (2006), vol. 558, pp. 33­52. c 2006 Cambridge University Press doi:10.1017/S hydraulic jump By JOHN W. M. BUS H1 , JEFFREY M. ARISTOFF1 AND A. E. HOSOI2 1 Department of Mathematics; Nonlinearity, vol. 12, 1999, p. 1) demonstrated that the axial symmetry of the circular hydraulic jump may

  19. J. Fluid Mech. (2009), vol. 633, pp. 285309. c 2009 Cambridge University Press doi:10.1017/S0022112009007034 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hogg, Andrew

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    J. Fluid Mech. (2009), vol. 633, pp. 285­309. c 2009 Cambridge University Press doi:10.1017/S conservation of mass and momentum across the shock and thus we show how the hydraulic jump moves within waves form, leading to hydraulic jumps, which translate throughout the domain. Such motions were

  20. J. Fluid Mech. (2007), vol. 579, pp. 6383. c 2007 Cambridge University Press doi:10.1017/S0022112007005216 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of partially wetting liquid. The study is performed in the framework of lubrication theory, in which be described using a universal relation between speed and apparent contact angle, but viscous effects have of environmental and technological contexts, ranging from the treatment of plants to oil-recovery and coating. Yet

  1. J. Fluid Mech. (2005), vol. 541, pp. 293315. c 2005 Cambridge University Press doi:10.1017/S0022112005006105 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daerr, Adrian - Laboratoire Matière et Systèmes Complexes, Université Paris 7

    , the in-plane and out-of-plane angles obeying a simple relationship dictated by a lubrication analysis? At what velocity does it slide and what shape does it assume to accommodate capillary effects and drop oil drops sliding down a glass plate coated with fluoropolymers (Podgorski, Flesselles & Limat 2001

  2. J. Fluid Mech. (2007), vol. 592, pp. 2349. c 2007 Cambridge University Press doi:10.1017/S0022112007008269 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meiburg, Eckart H.

    of stability investigations on immiscible core­annular flows. Motivated by the application of lubricated oil thickness has a uniformly stabilizing effect. The flow is least stable when the interface between the two

  3. Polar Record 39 (210): 219230 (2003). Printed in the United Kingdom. DOI: 10.1017/S0032247403003115 219 A topdown, multidisciplinary study of the structure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daly, Kendra L.

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Street, San Diego, CA 92109, USA (bstewart@hswri.org) I. Stirling Canadian Wildlife Service, 5320 122. In contrast, benthic fish biomass and div

  4. J. Fluid Mech. (2007), vol. 578, pp. 95112. c 2007 Cambridge University Press doi:10.1017/S0022112007004661 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huppert, Herbert

    to pump a given flux of oil through the pipe by lubricating the high shear region near the wall. The flow), motivated in part by the interest of oil companies in pumping viscous oils through pipelines. The inclusion of water, whose viscosity is very much less than the oil, can considerably reduce the pressure needed

  5. Glasgow Math. J. 48 (2006) 5364. C 2006 Glasgow Mathematical Journal Trust. doi:10.1017/S0017089505002867. Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Haizhong

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    was studied by many authors (cf. e.g. N. Ejiri, B. Y. Chen, F. Dillen, L. Vrancken and L. Verstraelen etc

  6. J. Fluid Mech. (2006), vol. 560, pp. 1951. c 2006 Cambridge University Press doi:10.1017/S002211200600036X Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    and J. C. Lasheras greatly increases or until they are diagnosed during an incidental exam (Szilagyi

  7. J. Fluid Mech. (2003), vol. 491, pp. 161181. c 2003 Cambridge University Press DOI: 10.1017/S0022112003005317 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heil, Matthias

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    a rigid impenetrable surface, at which the body experiences dry Coulomb friction. The shallowness. These high-density cohesionless flows down relatively flat frictional surfaces, are invariant over and S. Noelle two-dimensional plane motion of an incompressible Mohr­Coulomb material sliding down

  8. J. Fluid Mech. (2006), vol. 554, pp. 259270. c 2006 Cambridge University Press doi:10.1017/S0022112005007974 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hinch, John

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    -averaged shallow-water equations are applied to a thin horizontally spreading layer which is subjected to Coulombic friction. The falling mass of grains is gradually added to the zone of the initial column during the free geophysical flows such as rock avalanches and dry debris flows involve materials of great complexity: rocks

  9. J. Fluid Mech. (2007), vol. 591, pp. 97116. c 2007 Cambridge University Press doi:10.1017/S0022112007007732 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bolster, Diogo

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    energy consumption in the USA is consumed by heating, cooling and ventilation of buildings. Currently) and energy consumption. The US Energy Information Administration states that approximately 10% of the total, the USA is the largest per capita consumer of energy in the world, but long-term forecasts to 2025 project

  10. J. Fluid Mech. (2008), vol. 599, pp. 241268. c 2008 Cambridge University Press doi:10.1017/S0022112008000153 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Esler, Gavin

    . After a period of initial wave growth, wave breaking leads to turbulence within each layer energy, and the further `kinematic' constraint that the potential vorticity changes through a process, and that an unphysical `exchange' of bands of fluid will occur across the channel in the lower layer. The kinematic

  11. J. Fluid Mech. (2005), vol. 537, pp. 125144. c 2005 Cambridge University Press doi:10.1017/S0022112005005033 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meiburg, Eckart H.

    wave and the internal bore on the basis of the two- layer shallow-water equations, following in reality. Simulations are conducted for fluids with the same kinematic viscosity, as well as for fluids then demands that these energy conserving fronts are connected by an expansion wave, and that a bore forms

  12. 2013 UNITED KINGDOM ATOMIC ENERGY AUTHORITY The following article appeared in Nuclear Fusion, Vol.53, No.10, October 2013, p.104008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    /DEMO and the MAST Upgrade H. Meyer1, I.G. Abel2, R.J. Akers1, A. Allan3, S.Y. Allan1, L.C. Appel1, O. Asunta4, M

  13. J. Fluid Mech. (2008), vol. 598, pp. 335360. c 2008 Cambridge University Press doi:10.1017/S0022112007000055 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mahesh, Krishnan

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , in a laminar crossflow. The ratio of the jet velocity to that of the crossflow is 5.7, the Schmidt number of the crossflow fluid by the jet. It is shown that the bulk of this entrainment occurs on the downstream side bent into the crossflow. The transverse jet's enhanced entrainment is explained in terms

  14. J. Fluid Mech. (2008), vol. 598, pp. 451464. c 2008 Cambridge University Press doi:10.1017/S0022112007009962 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    number based on the forced inflow is increased, a self-sustained crossflow instability of finite an inflectional velocity profile and an inviscid crossflow instability. Since the discovery of the exact (crossflow) and type II (viscous). A type III found in the spatial theory by Mack (1985) seems to transport

  15. J. Fluid Mech. (2008), vol. 611, pp. 205214. c 2008 Cambridge University Press doi:10.1017/S0022112008002851 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    : connecting attachment-line and crossflow modes CHRISTOPH J. MACK1 , PETER J. SCHMID2 AND J ¨ORN L. SESTERHENN characteristics of both attachment-line and crossflow modes. In particular, global eigenfunctions with smaller of attachment- line modes while still featuring strong crossflow vortices further downstream. This analysis

  16. 2013 UNITED KINGDOM ATOMIC ENERGY AUTHORITY The following article appeared in Fusion Science and Technology, Vol.64, No.2, August 2013,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of these studies are being carried forward by EFDA PPPT within its work-plan for 2012-2013. The many important, safety, waste management and economic issues were not within the scope of these contracts. This paper or greater detail of the work reported here. II. LITERATURE SURVEY (ENEA Frascati) This survey concentrated

  17. Journal of Tropical Ecology (2005) 21:549557. Copyright 2005 Cambridge University Press doi:10.1017/S0266467405002488 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Letts, Matthew

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ) throughout the solar day during the wet season and for most of the solar day during the dry season. PAR represented a smaller fraction of total solar radiation (K) in LMCF than in lowland rain forest (LRF). In LMCF by leaves limit LMCF productivity. Key Words: Alloplectus, Anthurium, Cecropia, Clusia, Colombia, Ecuador

  18. J. Fluid Mech. (2003), vol. 494, pp. 95117. c 2003 Cambridge University Press DOI: 10.1017/S0022112003005974 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meiburg, Eckart H.

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . Special emphasis is placed on describing the influence of viscous and gravitational effects on the overall slowing it down. Overall, an increase of the gravitational parameter is found to enhance mostly, an asymptotic value of 0.7 is observed. A scaling law for the thickness of the gravity layer is obtained as well

  19. J. Fluid Mech. (2002), vol. 451, pp. 261282. c 2002 Cambridge University Press DOI: 10.1017/S0022112001006516 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meiburg, Eckart H.

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    are also ampli- fied, for which there is no motion in the spanwise direction. Scaling laws are provided gravitationally unstable, miscible flows in a vertically arranged Hele-Shaw cell. From their experiments

  20. J. Fluid Mech. (2007), vol. 582, pp. 341376. c 2007 Cambridge University Press doi:10.1017/S0022112007005903 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    repeated for different fuel types (methane, propylene and propane), transitional and turbulent microgravity buoyancy induced by heat release or buoyancy arising from a non-unity ratio of the density of air. The latter effect is present in many combustion applications in which the density of the fuel does not match

  1. The Lichenologist 40(5): 437448 (2008) 2008 British Lichen Society doi:10.1017/S0024282908006610 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Herben, Tomas

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the response of the epiphytic lichen vegetation to sulphur air pollution is affected by interaction with other of the total number of lichen species per tree. In general, species sensitive to air pollution decreased, while that the effect of eutrophication (mainly increased bark pH) may ameliorate the effects of air pollution; a local

  2. Math. Struct. in Comp. Science (2009), vol. 19, pp. 14. c 2009 Cambridge University Press DOI: 10.1017/S0000000000000000 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Longo, Giuseppe

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    movements by means of epicycles. In principle, any ellipse around the Sun may be approximated in time, away from short-term pressures. At best, CIs transform this slowness into a tool for judgement is at the core of culture and science. And the preventive effect against novelty is what we particularly fear

  3. Theory of spin-transfer torque in the current-in-plane geometries Department of Mathematics, Imperial College, London SW7 2BZ, United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Umerski, Andrey

    the lateral dimensions of the switching magnet are of the order of 50­100 interatomic distances, i.e., about the switching magnet and nonmagnetic spacer. Polarization achieved using a lateral magnet in the CIP geometry then flows through a non- magnetic layer the spacer layer and becomes partially or fully absorbed

  4. J. Fluid Mech. (2003), vol. 481, pp. 385411. c 2003 Cambridge University Press DOI: 10.1017/S0022112003003938 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feng, James J.

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    numbers by a finite-element method, and the motion of solid particles is tracked using an arbitrary, which couple the fluid dynamics with heat and mass transfer. As a step toward understanding heat transfer. The two- dimensional Navier­Stokes and energy equations are solved at moderate Reynolds

  5. J. Fluid Mech. (2006), vol. 554, pp. 499519. c 2006 Cambridge University Press doi:10.1017/S002211200600944X Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hunt, Julian

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    London, Gower Street, London, WC1E 6BT, UK 2 Departments of Mechanical Engineering and Mathematics by a uniform and/or shearing flow, and a circular region of a rotating turbulent vortex are considered explanations of the quantitative statistical results obtained by K´arm´an, Prandtl, Taylor, Richardson

  6. J. Fluid Mech. (2006), vol. 554, pp. 393409. c 2006 Cambridge University Press doi:10.1017/S0022112006008974 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and constant- density jets belong to the former class, whereas the von K´arm´an vortex street behind a circular been validated by Couairon & Chomaz (1999) in the case of the von K´arm´an vortex street simulations). The vortex street frequency computed in a slowly varying streamwise-infinite wake is effectively given

  7. Greater accordance with the DASH dietary pattern is associated with lower diet-related greenhouse gas production but higher dietary costs in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Monsivais, Pablo; Scarborough, Peter; Lloyd, Tina; Mizdrak, Anja; Luben, Robert; Mulligan, Angela A.; Wareham, Nicholas J.; Woodcock, James

    2015-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

    of the DASH score. The FFQ data were processed by using the FFQ EPIC Tool for Analysis (17), software based on the earlier analysis system (16), to estimate average daily nutrient and energy intakes. Dietary data were deemed implausible when energy estimates... : climate, diet quality, food prices, prevention, public health INTRODUCTION Diets that are consistent with the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH)5 are associated with reduced cardiometabolic risk and better health outcomes. The design...

  8. J. Fluid Mech. (2006), vol. 550, pp. 125. c 2006 Cambridge University Press doi:10.1017/S0022112005007676 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hogg, Andrew

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    composed of large particles, small particles and a passive interstitial fluid. Steady-state solutions interest, because it shows how an unstably stratified layer readjusts into a stable configuration rotary kilns and inclined rotating cylinders (e.g. Davidson et al. 2000; Spurling, Davidson & Scott 2001

  9. J. Fluid Mech. (2001), vol. 445, pp. 235261. c 2001 Cambridge University Press DOI: 10.1017/S0022112001005560 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Slinn, Donald

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in a uniformly stratified environment reflects from a larger-scale, sloping bound- ary, its angle of propagation with respect to the horizontal is preserved (Phillips 1977). The wave frequency, , depends on the inclination the angle of wave propagation /2 - . In this case linear theory suggests that a small-amplitude oncoming

  10. Journal of Tropical Ecology (2009) 25:563567. Copyright 2009 Cambridge University Press doi:10.1017/S0266467409990137 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schweik, Charles M.

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    with season (Chinchilla 1997). Jaguar movements(Pontes&Chivers2007)andactivitypatterns (Hoogesteijn & Mondolfi) as a major prey species for jaguar; its remains occurredin55%of22jaguarfaecesexamined(Chinchilla 1997 detected in faeces (Chinchilla 1997). Marine turtles are probably easily caught by jaguars because they do

  11. Environment and Development Economics 10: 179200 C 2005 Cambridge University Press DOI: 10.1017/S1355770X04001883 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sadoulet, Elisabeth

    in maintaining refuges. 1. Introduction Bt cotton was among the first genetically modified (GM) crops to be used effects under different agroecological conditions (GRAIN, 2001). The broader impacts of GM crops

  12. BUSINESS CONTINUITY PLANNING RESOURCES FOR SMALL-AND MEDIUM-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    BUSINESS CONTINUITY PLANNING RESOURCES FOR SMALL- AND MEDIUM- SIZED BUSINESSES May 2010 Prepared and supported by the Northwest Regional Technology Center for Homeland Security Business Continuity Planning Resources for Small- and Medium- Sized Businesses KS Judd AM Lesperance May 14, 2010 #12;DISCLAIMER

  13. Optical quantum swapping in a coherent atomic medium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aurelien Dantan

    2011-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

    We propose to realize a passive optical quantum swapping device which allows for the exchange of the quantum fluctuations of two bright optical fields interacting with a coherent atomic medium in an optical cavity. The device is based on a quantum interference process between the fields within the cavity bandwidth arising from coherent population trapping in the atomic medium.

  14. Ray Theory for a Locally Layered Random Medium G. Papanicolaou

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Papanicolaou, George C.

    variations in the medium parameters. The pulse is generated by a point source and the medium is modeled the source and the point of observation. The ray is determined by high frequency asymptotics (geometrical is motivated by wave propagation in sedimentary rock. Here the sedimentary cycles produce structures

  15. Invariant measures for a stochastic porous medium equation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Röckner, Michael

    Invariant measures for a stochastic porous medium equation Giuseppe Da Prato (Scuola Normale AMS :76S05,35J25, 37L40 . 1 Introduction The porous medium equation X t = (Xm ), m N, (1 Brownian motion in H and C is a positive definite bounded operator on H of trace class. To be more concrete

  16. Theory of Neutron Noise in a Temporally Fluctuating Multiplying Medium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pázsit, Imre

    Theory of Neutron Noise in a Temporally Fluctuating Multiplying Medium Lénárd Pál KFKI Atomic, respec- tively. In this paper we develop a theory of neutron fluctuations in a medium randomly varying place in a time-varying environment. I. INTRODUCTION The theory of neutron fluctuations in multiplying

  17. Proceedings of the TOUGH Symposium 2009

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moridis, George J.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    by the United Kingdom’s Nuclear Decommissioning Authority.co-funded by the UK Nuclear Decommissioning Authority (NDA),by the United Kingdom’s Nuclear Decommissioning Authority.

  18. " Million U.S. Housing Units"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    5 Space Heating Usage Indicators by Type of Housing Unit, 2005" " Million U.S. Housing Units" ,,"Type of Housing Unit" ,"Housing Units (millions)","Single-Family...

  19. Open bottom mesons in hot asymmetric hadronic medium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Divakar Pathak; Amruta Mishra

    2014-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

    The in-medium masses and optical potentials of $B$ and ${\\bar B}$ mesons are studied in an isospin asymmetric, strange, hot and dense hadronic environment using a chiral effective model. The chiral $SU(3)$ model originally designed for the light quark sector, is generalized to include the heavy quark sector ($c$ and $b$) to derive the interactions of the $B$ and $\\bar B$ mesons with the light hadrons. Due to large mass of bottom quark, we use only the empirical form of these interactions for the desired purpose, while treating the bottom degrees of freedom to be frozen in the medium. Hence, all medium effects are due to the in-medium interaction of the light quark content of these open-bottom mesons. Both $B$ and $\\bar B$ mesons are found to experience net attractive interactions in the medium, leading to lowering of their masses in the medium. The mass degeneracy of particles and antiparticles, ($B^+$, $B^-$) as well as ($B^0$, ${\\bar B}^0$), is observed to be broken in the medium, due to equal and opposite contributions from a vectorial Weinberg-Tomozawa interaction term. Addition of hyperons to the medium lowers further the in-medium mass for each of these four mesons, while a non-zero isospin asymmetry is observed to break the approximate mass degeneracy of each pair of isospin doublets. These medium effects are found to be strongly density dependent, and bear a considerably weaker temperature dependence. The results obtained in the present investigation are compared to predictions from the quark-meson coupling model, heavy meson effective theory, and the QCD Sum Rule approach.

  20. United States of Agriculture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service Intermountain Research Station General. in the aircraft nuclear propulsion department at the National Reactor Testing Station in Idaho. In 1961 Rothermel.S. Department of Agriculture, Fire Laboratory at Missoula was conceived in the aftermath of the Mann Gulch fire

  1. United States Department of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    are thought to contribute to carbon sequestration, including current debates on this topic. The science regarding forestry and carbon sequestration is more advanced and less controversial than that for range, land management, carbon sequestration, carbon markets, United States. #12;ii Executive Summary

  2. United States Department of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Report NRS-112 Modeling the Effects of Emerald Ash Borer on Forest Composition in the Midwest of human population, energy, consumption, land use, and economic models to project the future condition of forests in the Midwest and Northeast United States. Our results suggest that in most cases EAB

  3. United States Department of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to Alabama, is receiving increasing attention as an economically recoverable natural gas source, and proximity to natural gas markets in the heavily urbanized northeastern United States have prompted increased-10 Reptile, Amphibian, and Small Mammal Species Associated with Natural Gas Development

  4. Lyman alpha Transfer in a thick, dusty, and static medium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sang-Hyeon Ahn; Hee-Won Lee; Hyung-Mok Lee

    2000-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

    We developed a Monte Carlo code that describes the resonant Lyman alpha line transfer in an optically thick, dusty, and static medium. The code was tested against the analytic formula derived by Neufeld (1990). We explain the line transfer mechanism for a wide range of line center optical depths by tracing histories of photons in the medium. We find that photons escape from the medium by a series of wing scatterings, during which polarization may develop. We applied our code to examine the amount of dust extinction around the Lyman alpha in primeval galaxies. Brief discussions on the astrophysical application of our work are presented.

  5. Thermal insulated glazing unit

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Selkowitz, S.E.; Arasteh, D.K.; Hartmann, J.L.

    1988-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

    An improved insulated glazing unit is provided which can attain about R5 to about R10 thermal performance at the center of the glass while having dimensions about the same as those of a conventional double glazed insulated glazing unit. An outer glazing and inner glazing are sealed to a spacer to form a gas impermeable space. One or more rigid, non-structural glazings are attached to the inside of the spacer to divide the space between the inner and outer glazings to provide insulating gaps between glazings of from about 0.20 inches to about 0.40 inches. One or more glazing surfaces facing each thermal gap are coated with a low emissivity coating. Finally, the thermal gaps are filled with a low conductance gas such as krypton gas. 2 figs.

  6. Thermal insulated glazing unit

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Selkowitz, Stephen E. (Piedmont, CA); Arasteh, Dariush K. (Oakland, CA); Hartmann, John L. (Seattle, WA)

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An improved insulated glazing unit is provided which can attain about R5 to about R10 thermal performance at the center of the glass while having dimensions about the same as those of a conventional double glazed insulated glazing unit. An outer glazing and inner glazing are sealed to a spacer to form a gas impermeable space. One or more rigid, non-structural glazings are attached to the inside of the spacer to divide the space between the inner and outer glazings to provide insulating gaps between glazings of from about 0.20 inches to about 0.40 inches. One or more glazing surfaces facing each thermal gap are coated with a low emissivity coating. Finally, the thermal gaps are filled with a low conductance gas such as krypton gas.

  7. Contamination analysis unit

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gregg, Hugh R. (Livermore, CA); Meltzer, Michael P. (Livermore, CA)

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The portable Contamination Analysis Unit (CAU) measures trace quantifies of surface contamination in real time. The detector head of the portable contamination analysis unit has an opening with an O-ring seal, one or more vacuum valves and a small mass spectrometer. With the valve closed, the mass spectrometer is evacuated with one or more pumps. The O-ring seal is placed against a surface to be tested and the vacuum valve is opened. Data is collected from the mass spectrometer and a portable computer provides contamination analysis. The CAU can be used to decontaminate and decommission hazardous and radioactive surface by measuring residual hazardous surface contamination, such as tritium and trace organics It provides surface contamination data for research and development applications as well as real-time process control feedback for industrial cleaning operations and can be used to determine the readiness of a surface to accept bonding or coatings.

  8. Contamination analysis unit

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gregg, H.R.; Meltzer, M.P.

    1996-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

    The portable Contamination Analysis Unit (CAU) measures trace quantities of surface contamination in real time. The detector head of the portable contamination analysis unit has an opening with an O-ring seal, one or more vacuum valves and a small mass spectrometer. With the valve closed, the mass spectrometer is evacuated with one or more pumps. The O-ring seal is placed against a surface to be tested and the vacuum valve is opened. Data is collected from the mass spectrometer and a portable computer provides contamination analysis. The CAU can be used to decontaminate and decommission hazardous and radioactive surfaces by measuring residual hazardous surface contamination, such as tritium and trace organics. It provides surface contamination data for research and development applications as well as real-time process control feedback for industrial cleaning operations and can be used to determine the readiness of a surface to accept bonding or coatings. 1 fig.

  9. Multiphase turbulent interstellar medium: some recent results from radio astronomy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roy, Nirupam

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The radio frequency 1.4 GHz transition of the atomic hydrogen is one of the important tracers of the diffuse neutral interstellar medium. Radio astronomical observations of this transition, using either a single dish telescope or an array interferometer, reveal different properties of the interstellar medium. Such observations are particularly useful to study the multiphase nature and turbulence in the interstellar gas. Observations with multiple radio telescopes have recently been used to study these two closely related aspects in greater detail. Using various observational techniques, the density and the velocity fluctuations in the Galactic interstellar medium was found to have a Kolmogorov-like power law power spectra. The observed power law scaling of the turbulent velocity dispersion with the length scale can be used to derive the true temperature distribution of the medium. Observations from a large ongoing atomic hydrogen absorption line survey have also been used to study the distribution of gas at d...

  10. Plug-In Hybrid Electric Medium Duty Commercial Fleet Demonstration...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Washington D.C. vssarravt068miyasato2010p.pdf More Documents & Publications Plug-In Hybrid Electric Medium Duty Commercial Fleet Demonstration and Evaluation SCAQMD:Plug-In...

  11. aqueous medium including: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Ultrasonic measurement of porous medium in an aqueous environment Texas A&M University - TxSpace Summary: August 1995 Major...

  12. anisotropic porous medium: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    outflows ... Germain, Joel; Martel, Hugo 2009-01-01 24 Ultrasonic measurement of porous medium in an aqueous environment Texas A&M University - TxSpace Summary: August 1995 Major...

  13. aqueous medium propriedades: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Ultrasonic measurement of porous medium in an aqueous environment Texas A&M University - TxSpace Summary: August 1995 Major...

  14. aqueous medium promoted: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Chennakesava Reddy; Gudimella Santosh Kumar 2012-01-01 2 Ultrasonic measurement of porous medium in an aqueous environment Texas A&M University - TxSpace Summary: August 1995 Major...

  15. absorbing gaseous medium: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    2001-01-01 17 Gravitational drag on a point mass in hypersonic motion through a gaseous medium CERN Preprints Summary: We explore a ballistic orbit model to infer the...

  16. areas medium sized: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 to Medium Sized Enterprises CiteSeer Summary: Knowledge Management has been identified as a...

  17. aqueous medium formacion: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Ultrasonic measurement of porous medium in an aqueous environment Texas A&M University - TxSpace Summary: August 1995 Major...

  18. aqueous medium viewing: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Ultrasonic measurement of porous medium in an aqueous environment Texas A&M University - TxSpace Summary: August 1995 Major...

  19. aqueous alkaline medium: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    which is essential for the formation Sahai, Nita 2 Ultrasonic measurement of porous medium in an aqueous environment Texas A&M University - TxSpace Summary: August 1995 Major...

  20. Gluon Radiation off Massive Quarks in a QCD Medium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    N. Armesto; C. A. Salgado; U. A. Wiedemann

    2004-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

    Medium-induced gluon radiation from massless and massive quarks is treated in the same formalism. The dead cone which regulates gluon radiation from massive quarks in the vacuum at small angles, is filled in the medium but constitutes a small fraction of the available phase space. Our study indicates that the energy loss for charmed hadrons at RHIC should be smaller than for light hadrons, but still sizable.

  1. Lyman alpha Absorption Systems and the Intergalactic Medium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    George Efstathiou; Joop Schaye; Tom Theuns

    2000-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

    The last few years have seen a dramatic improvement in our understanding of the origin of Lyman alpha absorption systems. Hydrodynamic numerical simulations of cold dark matter dominated universes have shown that the many properties of the Lyman alpha absorption systems can be explained by a photoionized, space-filling, intergalactic medium. Lyman alpha lines offer promising probes of the photoionizing background, the amplitude of the mass fluctuations at high redshift and the evolution of the equation of state of the intergalactic medium.

  2. Structure functions of free and in-medium nucleons

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ian Cloet; W. Bentz; Anthony Thomas

    2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Spin-dependent quark light-cone momentum distributions are calculated for a nucleon in the nuclear medium. We utilize a modified NJL model where the nucleon is described as a composite quark-diquark state. Scalar and vector mean fields are incorporated in the nuclear medium and these fields couple to the confined quarks in the nucleon. The effect of these fields on the spin-dependent distributions is investigated. Our results for the ''spin-dependent EMC effect'' are also discussed.

  3. Ultimate disposal of low and medium radioactive waste in France

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ringeard, C. [National Radioactive Waste Management Agency, Fontenay aux Roses (France). Environmental, Safety, Quality Dept.

    1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The National Radioactive Waste Management Agency (ANDRA) has been entrusted with the long-term management of radioactive waste. This paper presents the methodology of safety assessment used by ANDRA for a land disposal facility of radioactive waste with short or medium half-life and with low or medium specific activity. This methodology was used in the design of ``the Centre de stockage de l`Aube``.

  4. Energy Management in Olefins Units 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wells, T. A.

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    to the point where waste heat from pyrolysis generates more than enough steam to power the olefins unit recovery section. Furthermore, incorporating gas turbine driven electrical generators or process compressors adds to the utility export potential of the unit...

  5. Energy Audits in Process Units

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Corwin, J. D.

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Emphasis is placed on practical considerations in the effective organization and execution of a successful in-house energy audit of a process unit, based upon experience gained in several such audits of Gulf Coast petrochemical units. Staffing...

  6. Energy Management in Olefins Units

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wells, T. A.

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    to the point where waste heat from pyrolysis generates more than enough steam to power the olefins unit recovery section. Furthermore, incorporating gas turbine driven electrical generators or process compressors adds to the utility export potential of the unit...

  7. Decommissioning Unit Cost Data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sanford, P. C.; Stevens, J. L.; Brandt, R.

    2002-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

    The Rocky Flats Closure Site (Site) is in the process of stabilizing residual nuclear materials, decommissioning nuclear facilities, and remediating environmental media. A number of contaminated facilities have been decommissioned, including one building, Building 779, that contained gloveboxes used for plutonium process development but did little actual plutonium processing. The actual costs incurred to decommission this facility formed much of the basis or standards used to estimate the decommissioning of the remaining plutonium-processing buildings. Recent decommissioning activities in the first actual production facility, Building 771, implemented a number of process and procedural improvements. These include methods for handling plutonium contaminated equipment, including size reduction, decontamination, and waste packaging, as well as management improvements to streamline planning and work control. These improvements resulted in a safer working environment and reduced project cost, as demonstrated in the overall project efficiency. The topic of this paper is the analysis of how this improved efficiency is reflected in recent unit costs for activities specific to the decommissioning of plutonium facilities. This analysis will allow the Site to quantify the impacts on future Rocky Flats decommissioning activities, and to develop data for planning and cost estimating the decommissioning of future facilities. The paper discusses the methods used to collect and arrange the project data from the individual work areas within Building 771. Regression and data correlation techniques were used to quantify values for different types of decommissioning activities. The discussion includes the approach to identify and allocate overall project support, waste management, and Site support costs based on the overall Site and project costs to provide a ''burdened'' unit cost. The paper ultimately provides a unit cost basis that can be used to support cost estimates for decommissioning at other facilities with similar equipment and labor costs. It also provides techniques for extracting information from limited data using extrapolation and interpolation techniques.

  8. FISHERY STATISTICS E UNITED STATES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    SH 11 .A443X FISH FISHERY STATISTICS E UNITED STATES ^ 1951 &ch 3. \\§^ ^/'· m:^ STATISTICAL DIGEST. Farley, Director Statistical Digest 30 FISHERY STATISTICS OF THE UNITED STATES 1951 BY A. W. ANDERSON;Fishery Statistics of the United States and Alaska are compiled and published annually to make available

  9. Entanglement Storage Units

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. Caneva; T. Calarco; S. Montangero

    2012-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

    We introduce a protocol based on optimal control to drive many body quantum systems into long-lived entangled states, protected from decoherence by big energy gaps, without requiring any apriori knowledge of the system. With this approach it is possible to implement scalable entanglement-storage units. We test the protocol in the Lipkin-Meshkov-Glick model, a prototype many-body quantum system that describes different experimental setups, and in the ordered Ising chain, a model representing a possible implementation of a quantum bus.

  10. l UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA group currentBradleyTableSelling7 AugustAFRICAN3uj:'I,\ W CTheuse of_-_ ._UNITED

  11. Rooftop Unit Campaign

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn'tOrigin ofEnergy at Waste-to-Energy usingofRetrofittingFundA l i c eRooftop Unit Campaign

  12. Rooftop Unit Network Project

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn'tOrigin ofEnergy at Waste-to-Energy usingofRetrofittingFundA l i c eRooftop Unit

  13. Calculation of the Electroelastic Green's Function of the Hexagonal Infinite Medium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas Michelitsch

    2015-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

    The electroelastic 4 $\\times$ 4 Green's function of a piezoelectric hexagonal (transversely isotropic) infinitely extended medium is calculated explicitly in closed compact form (eqs. (73) ff. and (88) ff., respectively) by using residue calculation. The results can also be derived from Fredholm's method [2]. In the case of vanishing piezoelectric coupling the derived Green's function coincides with two well known results: Kr{\\"o}ner 's expressions for the elastic Green's function tensor [4] is reproduced and the electric part then coincides with the electric potential (solution of Poisson equation) which is caused by a unit point charge. The obtained electroelastic Green's function is useful for the calculation of the electroelastic Eshelby tensor [16].

  14. Value of medium range weather forecasts in the improvement of seasonal hydrologic prediction skill

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shukla, Shraddhanand; Voisin, Nathalie; Lettenmaier, D. P.

    2012-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigated the contribution of medium range weather forecasts with lead times up to 14 days to seasonal hydrologic prediction skill over the Conterminous United States (CONUS). Three different Ensemble Streamflow Prediction (ESP)-based experiments were performed for the period 1980-2003 using the Variable Infiltration Capacity (VIC) hydrology model to generate forecasts of monthly runoff and soil moisture (SM) at lead-1 (first month of the forecast period) to lead-3. The first experiment (ESP) used a resampling from the retrospective period 1980-2003 and represented full climatological uncertainty for the entire forecast period. In the second and third experiments, the first 14 days of each ESP ensemble member were replaced by either observations (perfect 14-day forecast) or by a deterministic 14-day weather forecast. We used Spearman rank correlations of forecasts and observations as the forecast skill score. We estimated the potential and actual improvement in baseline skill as the difference between the skill of experiments 2 and 3 relative to ESP, respectively. We found that useful runoff and SM forecast skill at lead-1 to -3 months can be obtained by exploiting medium range weather forecast skill in conjunction with the skill derived by the knowledge of initial hydrologic conditions. Potential improvement in baseline skill by using medium range weather forecasts, for runoff (SM) forecasts generally varies from 0 to 0.8 (0 to 0.5) as measured by differences in correlations, with actual improvement generally from 0 to 0.8 of the potential improvement. With some exceptions, most of the improvement in runoff is for lead-1 forecasts, although some improvement in SM was achieved at lead-2.

  15. Characterization of In-Use Medium Duty Electric Vehicle Driving and Charging Behavior: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Duran, A.; Ragatz, A.; Prohaska, R.; Kelly, K.; Walkowicz, K.

    2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The U.S. Department of Energy's American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) deployment and demonstration projects are helping to commercialize technologies for all-electric vehicles (EVs). Under the ARRA program, data from Smith Electric and Navistar medium duty EVs have been collected, compiled, and analyzed in an effort to quantify the impacts of these new technologies. Over a period of three years, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) has compiled data from over 250 Smith Newton EVs for a total of over 100,000 days of in-use operation. Similarly, data have been collected from over 100 Navistar eStar vehicles, with over 15,000 operating days having been analyzed. NREL has analyzed a combined total of over 4 million kilometers of driving and 1 million hours of charging data for commercial operating medium duty EVs. In this paper, the authors present an overview of medium duty EV operating and charging behavior based on in-use data collected from both Smith and Navistar vehicles operating in the United States. Specifically, this paper provides an introduction to the specifications and configurations of the vehicles examined; discusses the approach and methodology of data collection and analysis, and presents detailed results regarding daily driving and charging behavior. In addition, trends observed over the course of multiple years of data collection are examined, and conclusions are drawn about early deployment behavior and ongoing adjustments due to new and improving technology. Results and metrics such as average daily driving distance, route aggressiveness, charging frequency, and liter per kilometer diesel equivalent fuel consumption are documented and discussed.

  16. ACTING IN ORGANIZATIONS Students provide consulting services to external clients in this intensive real-world project.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Jianyu

    , ROC Taiwan, Russia,Turkey, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, Venezuela #12;Analysis Group, Inc. AT

  17. Biofuel Boundaries: Estimating the Medium-Term Supply Potential of Domestic Biofuels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Andrew; O'Hare, Michael; Farrell, Alexander

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Biofuel Boundaries: Estimating the Medium-Term SupplyAugust 22, 2007 Biofuel Boundaries: Estimating the Medium-significant amount of liquid biofuel (equivalent to 30-100%

  18. Automated Demand Response Technology Demonstration Project for Small and Medium Commercial Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Page, Janie

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Demand Response for Small Commercial Buildings.   Lawrence small?medium buildings’ roles in demand response  efforts.  demand response for small? medium commercial buildings 

  19. Medium Modifications of Hadron Properties and Partonic Processes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    W. K. Brooks, S. Strauch, K. Tsushima

    2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Chiral symmetry is one of the most fundamental symmetries in QCD. It is closely connected to hadron properties in the nuclear medium via the reduction of the quark condensate , manifesting the partial restoration of chiral symmetry. To better understand this important issue, a number of Jefferson Lab experiments over the past decade have focused on understanding properties of mesons and nucleons in the nuclear medium, often benefiting from the high polarization and luminosity of the CEBAF accelerator. In particular, a novel, accurate, polarization transfer measurement technique revealed for the first time a strong indication that the bound proton electromagnetic form factors in 4He may be modified compared to those in the vacuum. Second, the photoproduction of vector mesons on various nuclei has been measured via their decay to e+e- to study possible in-medium effects on the properties of the rho meson. In this experiment, no significant mass shift and some broadening consistent with expected collisional broadening for the rho meson has been observed, providing tight constraints on model calculations. Finally, processes involving in-medium parton propagation have been studied. The medium modifications of the quark fragmentation functions have been extracted with much higher statistical accuracy than previously possible.

  20. An assessment of using oil shale for power production in the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hill, L.J.; Holcomb, R.S.; Petrich, C.H.; Roop, R.D.

    1990-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report addresses the oil shale-for-power-production option in Jordan. Under consideration are 20- and 50-MW demonstration units and a 400-MW, commercial-scale plant with, at the 400-MW scale, a mining operation capable of supplying 7.8 million tonnes per year of shale fuel and also capable of disposal of up to 6.1 million tonnes per year of wetted ash. The plant would be a direct combustion facility, burning crushed oil shale through use of circulating fluidized bed combustion technology. The report emphasizes four areas: (1) the need for power in Jordan, (2) environmental aspects of the proposed oil shale-for-power plant(s), (3) the engineering feasibility of using Jordan's oil shale in circulating fluidized bed combustion (CFBC) boiler, and (4) the economic feasibility of the proposed plant(s). A sensitivity study was conducted to determine the economic feasibility of the proposed plant(s) under different cost assumptions and revenue flows over the plant's lifetime. The sensitivity results are extended to include the major extra-firm benefits of the shale-for-power option: (1) foreign exchange savings from using domestic energy resources, (2) aggregate income effects of using Jordan's indigenous labor force, and (3) a higher level of energy security. 14 figs., 47 tabs.

  1. 2013 Reporting Unit Codes | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    2013 Reporting Unit Codes 2013 Reporting Unit Codes CFC Reporting Unit Codes 2013.pdf More Documents & Publications EA-0372: Final Environmental Assessment Alignment: Achieving...

  2. Accelerating CHP Deployment, United States Energy Association...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Accelerating CHP Deployment, United States Energy Association (USEA), August 2011 Accelerating CHP Deployment, United States Energy Association (USEA), August 2011 The United...

  3. Gamma-ray burst interaction with dense interstellar medium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maxim Barkov; Gennady Bisnovatyi-Kogan

    2004-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

    Interaction of cosmological gamma ray burst radiation with the dense interstellar medium of host galaxy is considered. Gas dynamical motion of interstellar medium driven by gamma ray burst is investigated in 2D approximation for different initial density distributions of host galaxy matter and different total energy of gamma ray burst. The maximum velocity of motion of interstellar medium is $1.8\\cdot10^4$ km/s. Light curves of gamma ray burst afterglow are calculated for set of non homogeneous density, distribution gamma ray burst total energy, and different viewing angles. Spectra of gamma ray burst afterglow are modeled taking into account conversion of hard photons (soft X-ray, hard UV) to soft UV and optics photons.

  4. Turbulence production and turbulent pressure support in the intergalactic medium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iapichino, L; Niemeyer, J C; Merklein, J

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The injection and evolution of turbulence in the intergalactic medium is studied by means of mesh-based hydrodynamical simulations, including a subgrid scale (SGS) model for small-scale unresolved turbulence. The simulations show that the production of turbulence has a different redshift dependence in the intracluster medium (ICM) and the warm-hot intergalactic medium (WHIM). We show that turbulence in the ICM is produced chiefly by merger-induced shear flows, whereas the production in the WHIM is dominated by shock interactions. Secondly, the effect of dynamical pressure support on the gravitational contraction has been studied. This turbulent support is stronger in the WHIM gas at baryon overdensities 1 < delta < 100, and less relevant for the ICM. Although the relative mass fraction of the gas with large vorticity is considerable (52% in the ICM), we find that for only about 10% in mass this is dynamically relevant, namely not associated to an equally large thermal pressure support. According to this...

  5. The Greening of the Middle Kingdom: The Story of Energy Efficiency in China

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Levine, Mark D.; Zhou, Nan; Price, Lynn

    2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The dominant image of China's energy system is of billowing smokestacks from the combustion of coal. More heavily dependent on coal than any other major country, China uses it for about 70 percent of its energy (NBS, 2008). Furthermore, until recently, China had very few environmental controls on emissions from coal combustion; recent efforts to control sulfur dioxide (SO{sub 2}) emissions appear to be meeting with some success (Economy, 2007, 2009). Figure 1 shows the dominant use of coal in China's energy system from 1950 to 1980 (NBS, various years). However, this is just one side of China's energy story. Figure 2 illustrates the second part, and what may be the most important part of the story - China's energy system since 1980, shortly after Deng Xiaoping assumed full leadership. This figure compares the trends in energy consumption and gross domestic product (GDP) by indexing both values to 100 in 1980. The upper line shows what energy consumption in China would have been if it had grown at the same rate as GDP, since energy consumption usually increases in lockstep with GDP in an industrializing, developing country, at least until it reaches a high economic level. The lower line in Figure 2 shows China's actual energy consumption, also indexed to 1980. The striking difference between the lines shows that GDP in China grew much faster than energy demand from 1980 to 2002. As a result, by 2002 energy and energy-related carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) emissions were more than 40% percent of what they would have been if energy and GDP had grown in tandem. In the next chapter of China's energy history, from 2002 to 2005, the increase in energy demand outstripped a very rapidly growing economy, and because of the large size of the Chinese economy, the increase had substantial impacts. The construction of power plants increased to 100 gigawatts per year; over the three-year period newly constructed plants had a capacity of more than 30 percent of total electricity-generation capacity in the United States. At the same time, energy-related CO{sub 2} emissions in China increased dramatically. In the latest stage, another abrupt change, this time for the better in terms of energy efficiency, began late in 2005. As senior officials in the government turned their attention to the problem of growing energy demand, the government set a mandatory goal for 2010 of a 20 percent reduction in energy intensity (defined as energy use per unit of GDP) from 2005 levels. To meet this goal, China undertook significant legislative, regulatory, and organizational reforms at the national, provincial, and municipal levels to ensure that measures to reduce energy intensity would be implemented in all sectors and activities in China. At the time of this writing, it appears that China is on its way to meeting the 20 percent goal, thus reducing CO{sub 2} emissions by 1.5 billion tones, as compared with consumption at 2005 energy-intensity levels. In this paper, we describe and assess these three significant periods in China's energy story and provide a context by briefly reviewing the three decades prior to 1980.

  6. UNIT NUMBER SWMU 175 UNIT NAME: Concrete Rubble Pile (28...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    75 UNIT NAME: Concrete Rubble Pile (28) REGULATORY STATUS: AOC LOCATION: Outside Security Fence, East of C-360 Building in KPDES Outfall Ditch 002. APPROXIMATE DIMENSIONS: 400 ft...

  7. Increasing the Competitiveness of Small and Medium-sized Enterprises...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    www.escwa.un.orginformationpublicationsedituploadsdpd-09-5.pdf Country: Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Syria, United Arab...

  8. Energy trapping and shock disintegration in a composite granular medium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C. Daraio; V. F. Nesterenko; E. B. Herbold; S. Jin

    2005-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

    Granular materials demonstrate a strongly nonlinear behavior influencing the wave propagation in the medium. We report the first experimental observation of impulse energy confinement and the resultant disintegration of shock and solitary waves. The medium consists of alternating ensambles of high-modulus vs orders of magnitude lower modulus chains of different masses. The trapped energy is contained within the "softer" portions of the composite chain and is slowly released in the form of weak, separated pulses over an extended period of time. This effect is enhanced by using a specific group assembly and superimposed force.

  9. Nucleon Electromagnetic Form Factors: Free Space and Medium Modifications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wally Melnitchouk

    2003-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We review recent developments in the study of electromagnetic form factors of the nucleon, both in free space and in the nuclear medium. For the free nucleon case, we discuss the ratio of electric to magnetic proton form factors, and the influence of two-photon exchange on the form factor extraction. For the bound nucleon, we examine the implications of the small but non-zero modification of proton form factors in the nuclear medium suggested by recent data on polarized proton knockout reactions off He-4, and discuss constraints which it could place on models of the nuclear EMC effect.

  10. Marine and Hydrokinetic (MHK) Technology Development Risk Management...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    0808-238-9817 UNITED KINGDOM LEEDS 44-113-301-0013 0808-238-9817 UNITED KINGDOM LONDON 44-20-7950-1322 0808-238-9817 UNITED KINGDOM MANCHESTER 44-161-601-0113 0808-238-9817...

  11. Translating Indian miniature paintings into a time-based medium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vaidya, Aradhana

    2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

    : Visualization Sciences iii ABSTRACT Translating Indian Miniature Paintings into a Time-based Medium. (May 2008) Aradhana Vaidya, B.Arch., Nagpur University, India Chair of Advisory Committee: Prof. Carol LaFayette The purpose of this research... ................................ 4 II VISUAL ANALYSIS OF MINIATURE PAINTINGS....................... 8 II.1 Characteristics of Indian miniature paintings..................... 8 II.2 Themes of Indian miniature paintings................................ 23 III...

  12. Dynamics of a Supernova Envelope in a Cloudy Interstellar Medium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Korolev, V V; Kovalenko, I G; Shchekinov, Yu A

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The evolution of a supernova remnant in a cloudy medium as a function of the volume filling factor of the clouds is studied in a three-dimensional axially symmetrical model. The model includes the mixing of heavy elements (metals) ejected by the supernova and their contribution to radiative losses. The interaction of the supernova envelope with the cloudy phase of the interstellar medium leads to nonsimultaneous, and on average earlier, onsets of the radiative phase in different parts of the supernova envelope. Growth in the volume filling factor $f$ leads to a decrease in the time for the transition of the envelope to the radiative phase and a decrease in the envelope's mean radius, due to the increased energy losses by the envelope in the cloudy medium. When the development of hydrodynamical instabilities in the supernova envelope is efficient, the thermal energy falls as $E_t\\sim t^{-2.3}$, for the propagation of the supernova remnant through either a homogeneous or a cloudy medium. When the volume filling...

  13. The Solar Wind and Its Interaction with the Interstellar Medium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richardson, John

    outward through the solar system and interacts with the interstellar neutrals which slow and heat the wind. The arrows in the top panel show the flow of the solar wind and the interstellar J. D. Richardson CenterThe Solar Wind and Its Interaction with the Interstellar Medium John D. Richardson Abstract

  14. CARIBBEAN SEACRUISE IN LUXURY ABOARD CRYSTAL SERENITY BEST MEDIUM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spence, Harlan Ernest

    CARIBBEAN SEACRUISE IN LUXURY ABOARD CRYSTAL SERENITY WORLD'S BEST MEDIUM CRUISE LINE SIX and brilliantly colored colonial architecture -- this forms the backdrop for our Cruise the Caribbean Sea program at the Caribbean's many offerings, from picturesque lagoons to quaint towns to bustling beaches. Experience

  15. Coupling free flow / porous-medium flow General idea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cirpka, Olaf Arie

    equation t (v) + div (vv ) - div(v) + p - g - qv = 0 Darcy flow equation t (S) - div K (p - g) - qpmT transport equation t (X) + div (vX - DsteamX) = qsteam 16/14 #12;Backup additional Darcy flow equations-Stokes 1 phase, 2 components, temperature sharp interface porous-medium / Darcy flow 2 phases, 2 component

  16. Mortar spectral element discretization of Darcy's equations in nonhomogeneous medium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Mortar spectral element discretization of Darcy's equations in nonhomogeneous medium Mouna Daadaa Cedex 05 France. daadaa@ann.jussieu.fr 4 mai 2010 Abstract : We consider Darcy's equations. They turn out to be in good coherency with the theoretical results. R´esum´e : Les ´equations de Darcy mod

  17. Effective medium theory of permeation through ideal polymer networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yong Wu

    2007-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

    The diffusion process through an ideal polymer network is studied by applying the effective medium theory (EMT) to a lattice-gas model. Polymers are modeled by random walks on the lattice bonds, across which molecules can hop with a certain probability. The steady state current of the system is calculated using the EMT and the results are compared to the simulations.

  18. Model of innovation transfer in small and medium enterprises (SME)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Model of innovation transfer in small and medium enterprises (SME) Justyna Patalas-Maliszewska1 society, governments and entrepreneurs. In this paper the concept of innovation transfer in SME based of innovation transfer - based on correlations between innovation level in the enterprise sector SME

  19. CalHEAT Research and Market Transformation Roadmap for Medium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Davis, University of

    - 8 Work Trucks Work Site Support Tractors - Short Haul/ Regional Class 2b/3 vans/pickup s Class 3 - 8CalHEAT Research and Market Transformation Roadmap for Medium and Heavy Duty Trucks Delivering President CALSTART #12;California Hybrid, Efficient and Advanced Truck Research Center What is Cal

  20. Distributed Medium Access Control for Next Generation CDMA Wireless Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhuang, Weihua

    Distributed Medium Access Control for Next Generation CDMA Wireless Networks Hai Jiang, Princeton wireless networks are expected to have a simple infrastructure with distributed control. In this article, we consider a generic distributed network model for future wireless multi- media communications

  1. MEDIUM ACCESS CONTROL LAYER FOR UNDERWATER SENSOR NETWORKS*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Min

    sensor networks, energy-efficient reliable MAC protocol, and slotted FAMA MAC protocol and low1 CHAPTER 1 MEDIUM ACCESS CONTROL LAYER FOR UNDERWATER SENSOR NETWORKS* Yanping Zhang* , Yang Xiao of Alabama Tuscaloosa, AL 35487-0290 USA E-mail: yangxiao@ieee.org + Dept. of Electrical and Computer

  2. FLAME SURFACE DENSITIES IN PREMIXED COMBUSTION AT MEDIUM TO HIGH

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gülder, �mer L.

    premixed combustion diagrams. Small-scale transport of heat and species may be more important and chemistryFLAME SURFACE DENSITIES IN PREMIXED COMBUSTION AT MEDIUM TO HIGH TURBULENCE INTENSITIES O¨ MER L in turbulent premixed propane= air flames were determined experimentally. The instantaneous flame fronts were

  3. Multi-unit operations considerations.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gilmore, Walter E. (Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM); Bennett, Thomas C. (Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Albuquerque, NM); Brannon, Nathan Gregory

    2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Several nuclear weapons programs have or are pursuing the implementation of multi-unit operations for tasks such as disassembly and inspection, and rebuild. A multi-unit operation is interpreted to mean the execution of nuclear explosive operating procedures in a single facility by two separate teams of technicians. The institution of a multi-unit operations program requires careful consideration of the tools, resources, and environment provided to the technicians carrying out the work. Therefore, a systematic approach is necessary to produce safe, secure, and reliable processes. In order to facilitate development of a more comprehensive multi-unit operations program, the current work details categorized issues that should be addressed prior to the implementation of multi-unit operations in a given weapons program. The issues have been organized into the following categories: local organizational conditions, work process flow/material handling/workplace configuration, ambient environmental conditions, documented safety analysis, and training.

  4. Is Spain a Statist Society? A Research Perspective on Organizations, Reflexivity and Collective Action

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laraña, Enrique

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the United Kingdom and Spain”, Dirección General de Cienciathe United Kingdom and Spain. ” Dirección General de Ciencia1994b. “Social Movements in Spain. ” Tocqueville Revue, Vol.

  5. AFTER A Framework for electrical power sysTems vulnerability...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    United Kingdom) Jump to: navigation, search Project Name AFTER A Framework for electrical power sysTems vulnerability identification, dEfense and Restoration Country United Kingdom...

  6. Advanced Unit Commitment Strategies in the United States Eastern Interconnection

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Meibom, P.; Larsen, H. V.; Barth, R.; Brand, H.; Tuohy, A.; Ela, E.

    2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This project sought to evaluate the impacts of high wind penetrations on the U.S. Eastern Interconnection and analyze how different unit commitment strategies may affect these impacts.

  7. Light scattering by radiation fields: the optical medium analogy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Donato Bini; Pierluigi Fortini; Andrea Geralico; Maria Haney; Antonello Ortolan

    2014-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

    The optical medium analogy of a radiation field generated by either an exact gravitational plane wave or an exact electromagnetic wave in the framework of general relativity is developed. The equivalent medium of the associated background field is inhomogeneous and anisotropic in the former case, whereas it is inhomogeneous but isotropic in the latter. The features of light scattering are investigated by assuming the interaction region to be sandwiched between two flat spacetime regions, where light rays propagate along straight lines. Standard tools of ordinary wave optics are used to study the deflection of photon paths due to the interaction with the radiation fields, allowing for a comparison between the optical properties of the equivalent media associated with the different background fields.

  8. Continuum Electrodynamics of a Piecewise-Homogeneous Linear Medium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crenshaw, Michael E

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The energy--momentum tensor and the tensor continuity equation serve as the conservation laws of energy, linear momentum, and angular momentum for a continuous flow. Previously, we derived equations of motion for macroscopic electromagnetic fields in a homogeneous linear dielectric medium that is draped with a gradient-index antireflection coating (J. Math Phys. 55, 042901 (2014) ). These results are consistent with the electromagnetic tensor continuity equation in the limit that reflections and the accompanying surface forces are negligible thereby satisfying the condition of an unimpeded flow in a thermodynamically closed system. Here, we take the next step and derive equations of motion for the macroscopic fields in the limiting case of a piecewise-homogeneous simple linear dielectric medium. The presence of radiation surface forces on the interface between two different homogeneous linear materials means that the energy--momentum formalism must be modified to treat separate homogeneous media in which the ...

  9. Medium and Heavy Duty Vehicle Field Evaluations (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Walkowicz, K.

    2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This presentation discusses field evaluations of medium- and heavy-duty vehicles performed by NREL. The project provides medium-duty (MD) and heavy-duty (HD) test results, aggregated data, and detailed analysis, including 3rd party unbiased data (data that would not normally be shared by industry in an aggregated and detailed manner). Over 5.6 million miles of advanced technology MD and HD truck data have been collected, documented, and analyzed on over 240 different vehicles since 2002. Data, analysis, and reports are shared within DOE, national laboratory partners, and industry for R&D planning and strategy. The results help guide R&D for new technology development, help define intelligent usage of newly developed technology, and help fleets/users understand all aspects of advanced technology.

  10. Probabilistic picture of in-medium jet evolution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yacine Mehtar-Tani

    2014-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

    We briefly discuss the recently developed probabilistic picture for in-medium jet evolution that is driven by independent multiple scatterings and branchings. These are controlled by the jet quenching parameter $\\hat q$. In this framework, large radiative corrections to $p_\\perp$-broadening of partons in the jet, enhanced by a double logarithm (DL) of the medium size $L$, are recovered. We argue that these non-local corrections are universal and can be reabsorbed in a renormalization of the jet quenching parameter without spoiling the probabilistic picture. As a consequence, we find that for large media, the mean radiative energy loss result scales as $L^{2+\\gamma}$, where the anomalous dimension $\\gamma=2\\sqrt{\\alpha_sN_c/\\pi}$.

  11. The Baryon Catastrophe and the multiphase intracluster medium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    K. F. Gunn; P. A. Thomas

    1995-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

    We review the theories and observations which together have led to the concept of the Baryon Catastrophe: observations of the baryon fraction on the scale of clusters of galaxies appear to be at least three times as high as the universal baryon fraction predicted by the theory of primordial nucleosynthesis in a flat, $\\Omega_0 = 1$, universe. We investigate whether this discrepancy could be eliminated by treating the intracluster gas as a multiphase medium, and find that this treatment both lowers the calculated mass of gas in a cluster and increases the inferred gravitational potential. These combined effects can reduce the calculated baryon fraction by between a quarter and a half: the precise amount depends upon the volume fraction distribution of density phases in the gas but is independent of the temperature profile across the cluster. Thus moving to a multiphase intracluster medium cannot resolve the Baryon Catastrophe by itself; other possible causes and explanations are discussed.

  12. An Improved Treatment of Cosmological Intergalactic Medium Evolution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Manrique, Alberto

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The modeling of galaxy formation and reionization, two central issues of modern cosmology, relies on the accurate follow-up of the intergalactic medium (IGM). Unfortunately, owing to the complex nature of this medium, the differential equations governing its ionization state and temperature are only approximate. In this paper, we improve these master equations. We derive new expression for the distinct composite inhomogeneous IGM phases, including all relevant ionizing/recombining and cooling/heating mechanisms, taking into account inflows/outflows into/from halos, and using more accurate recombination coefficients. Furthermore, to better compute the source functions in the equations we provide an analytic procedure for calculating the halo mass function in ionized environments, accounting for the bias due to the ionization state of their environment. Such an improved treatment of IGM evolution is part of a complete realistic model of galaxy formation presented elsewhere.

  13. Charmonium in a hot medium: melting vs absorption

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. Z. Kopeliovich; I. K. Potashnikova; Ivan Schmidt; M. Siddikov

    2014-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

    A charmonium produced in heavy ion collisions at RHIC and LHC propagates through a dense co-moving matter with a rather high relative momentum, =4-10GeV^2. In spite of Debye screening of the binding potential, the charmonium survives with a substantial probability, even if the c-cbar potential is completely screened in the hot environment. In addition, the color-exchange interaction with the medium is another important source of charmonium suppression. Attenuation in a hot medium caused by both effects is evaluated by means of the path integral technique, which requires ability of boosting the binding potential to a moving reference frame. This problem is solved in the approximation of small intrinsic velocities of the charmed quarks.

  14. Electrochemical cells for medium- and large-scale energy storage

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, Wei; Wei, Xiaoliang; Choi, Daiwon; Lu, Xiaochuan; Yang, G.; Sun, C.

    2014-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

    This is one of the chapters in the book titled “Advances in batteries for large- and medium-scale energy storage: Applications in power systems and electric vehicles” that will be published by the Woodhead Publishing Limited. The chapter discusses the basic electrochemical fundamentals of electrochemical energy storage devices with a focus on the rechargeable batteries. Several practical secondary battery systems are also discussed as examples

  15. RF-MEMS Switched Varactors for Medium Power Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maury, F; Crunteanu, A; Conseil, F; Blondy, P

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In RF (Radio Frequency) domain, one of the limitations of using MEMS (Micro Electromechanical Systems) switching devices for medium power applications is RF power. Failure phenomena appear even for 500 mW. A design of MEMS switched capacitors with an enhanced topology is presented in this paper to prevent it. This kind of device and its promising performances will serve to fabricate a MEMS based phase shifter able to work under several watts.

  16. Diffusion of hidden charm mesons in hadronic medium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sukanya Mitra; Sabyasachi Ghosh; Santosh K. Das; Sourav Sarkar; Jan-e Alam

    2014-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

    The drag and diffusion coefficients of a hot hadronic medium have been evaluated by using hidden charm mesons as probes. The matrix elements for the evaluation of these coefficients are calculated using an effective theory as well as from scattering lengths. Although the transport coefficients show a significant rise with temperature its effects on the suppression of $J/\\psi$ in hadronic matter is not significant.

  17. Enrichment of the Intergalactic Medium by the Milky Way Subgroup

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leticia Carigi

    2001-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

    I study the effect of the galaxies of the Milky Way subgroup on the chemical enrichment of the diffuse gas within the Local Group. The preferred model predicts that the present-day intergalactic medium mass is 1/22 of the initial baryonic mass and its metallicity is 1/20 $Z_\\odot$. Nearly 80 % of intergalactic metals were produced in the Galactic bulge.

  18. Metal Enrichment in the Intra-Cluster Medium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sabine Schindler

    2006-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

    The enrichment of the Intra-Cluster Medium (ICM) with heavy elements is reviewed. There is now good observational evidence for enrichment including abundance ratios and metallicity distributions. Various processes involved in the enrichment process -- ram-pressure stripping, galactic winds, galaxy-galaxy interactions, AGN outflows and intra-cluster supernovae -- are described. Simulations of the ICM evolution taking into account metal enrichment are presented.

  19. Optical Anisotropy of Schwarzschild Metric within Equivalent Medium Framework

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sina Khorasani; Bizhan Rashidian

    2009-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

    It is has been long known that the curved space in the presence of gravitation can be described as a non-homogeneous anisotropic medium in flat geometry with different constitutive equations. In this article, we show that the eigenpolarizations of such medium can be exactly solved, leading to a pseudo-isotropic description of curved vacuum with two refractive index eigenvalues having opposite signs, which correspond to forward and backward travel in time. We conclude that for a rotating universe, time-reversal symmetry is broken. We also demonstrate the applicability of this method to Schwarzschild metric and derive exact forms of refractive index. We derive the subtle optical anisotropy of space around a spherically symmetric, non-rotating and uncharged blackhole in the form of an elegant closed form expression, and show that the refractive index in such a pseudo-isotropic system would be a function of coordinates as well as the direction of propagation. Corrections arising from such anisotropy in the bending of light are shown and a simplified system of equations for ray-tracing in the equivalent medium of Schwarzschild metric is found.

  20. Polyacrylamide medium for the electrophoretic separation of biomolecules

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Madabhushi, Ramakrishna S.; Gammon, Stuart A.

    2003-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

    A polyacryalmide medium for the electrophoretic separation of biomolecules. The polyacryalmide medium comprises high molecular weight polyacrylamides (PAAm) having a viscosity average molecular weight (M.sub.v) of about 675-725 kDa were synthesized by conventional red-ox polymerization technique. Using this separation medium, capillary electrophoresis of BigDye DNA sequencing standard was performed. A single base resolution of .about.725 bases was achieved in .about.60 minute in a non-covalently coated capillary of 50 .mu.m i.d., 40 cm effective length, and a filed of 160 V/cm at 40.degree. C. The resolution achieved with this formulation to separate DNA under identical conditions is much superior (725 bases vs. 625 bases) and faster (60 min. vs. 75 min.) to the commercially available PAAm, such as supplied by Amersham. The formulation method employed here to synthesize PAAm is straight-forward, simple and does not require cumbersome methods such as emulsion polymerizaiton in order to achieve very high molecular weights. Also, the formulation here does not require separation of PAAm from the reaction mixture prior to reconstituting the polymer to a final concentration. Furthermore, the formulation here is prepared from a single average mol. wt. PAAm as opposed to the mixture of two different average mo. wt. PAAm previously required to achieve high resolution.

  1. Second United Nations International Conference

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Second United Nations International Conference on the Peaceful Uses of Atomic Energy ON THE ANALYSIS O F BUBBLE CHAMBER TRACKS Q Hugh Bradner and F r a n k Solmitz INTRODUCTION A j...

  2. Reduction in Unit Steam Production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gombos, R.

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In 2001 the company's Arch-Brandenburg facility faced increased steam costs due to high natural gas prices and decreased production due to shutdown of a process. The facility was challenged to reduce unit steam consumption to minimize the effects...

  3. System-Response Issues Imposed by Biodiesel in a Medium-Duty...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    System-Response Issues Imposed by Biodiesel in a Medium-Duty Diesel Engine System-Response Issues Imposed by Biodiesel in a Medium-Duty Diesel Engine The objective of the current...

  4. Exploration of the comics medium developed for use on the internet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Piana, Brian James

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A new derivative of the comics medium may be created by incorporating computer and internet technology into the design process. Traditionally a printed medium, comics is now finding its way onto the internet; more comic creators are presenting...

  5. E-Print Network 3.0 - anisotropic random medium Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    39 Discrete-ordinates solution of short-pulsed laser transport in two-dimensional turbid media Summary: of the medium is L W 10 mm. The medium is anisotropically scattering with...

  6. " Million U.S. Housing Units"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    0 Home Appliances Usage Indicators by Year of Construction, 2005" " Million U.S. Housing Units" ,,"Year of Construction" ,"Housing Units (millions)" ,,"Before 1940","1940 to...

  7. -UNIT NAME C-728 Motor Cleaning Facility

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    UNIT NUMBER 33 -UNIT NAME C-728 Motor Cleaning Facility -REGULATORY STATUS--3:.:::.0:..04(--u) -LOCATION North of C-720 (Map...

  8. " Million U.S. Housing Units"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    5 Space Heating Usage Indicators by Number of Household Members, 2005" " Million U.S. Housing Units" ,,"Number of Households With --" ,"Housing Units (millions)" ,,"1 Member","2...

  9. " Million U.S. Housing Units"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    5 Space Heating Usage Indicators by Year of Construction, 2005" " Million U.S. Housing Units" ,,"Year of Construction" ,"Housing Units (millions)" ,,"Before 1940","1940 to...

  10. Jet Fragmentation in Medium and Vacuum with the PHENIX Detector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Matthew Nguyen for the PHENIX Collaboration

    2010-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

    One of the most active areas of investigation in relativistic heavy-ion collisions is the study of the jet quenching phenomenon whereby hard partons lose their energy as they traverse the hot, dense matter created in such collisions. Strong parton energy loss has been observed in central nucleus-nucleus collisions as evidenced by the a large suppression of the yield of high pT hadrons as compared to the expected yield based on measurements in p+p collisions. Moreover, measurements of back-to-back correlations of charged hadrons suggest that jet shapes are strongly modified modified by the medium. The quantitative interpretation of single and di-hadron measurements is, however, complicated by the fact that the initial parton energy is unknown. A more informative measurement would be one in which the initial parton energy is known, allowing the determination of the fragmentation function, which may be effectively modified from its vacuum form by the presence of the medium. Two measurements in which the initial parton energy may be estimated are discussed in these proceedings: jet reconstruction and two- particle correlations using direct photons. Jet reconstruction in nuclear collisions is challenging due to the large background of soft particles, fluctuations of which give rise to fake jets. Direct photons can be used to estimate the initial parton energy of the recoil jet without recourse to jet reconstruction algorithms. However, such studies suffer from a smaller rate and the direct photon signal must be disentangled from a large background of decay photons. We present jet reconstruction results which use an algorithm suitable for a high multiplicity environment. We also present results of two-particle correlations using direct photons. These results are discussed in the context of medium modification to the fragmentation function.

  11. Interacting FisherWright Diffusions in a Catalytic Medium Andreas Greven

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Klenke, Achim

    environment (catalytic medium). Here we introduce a model of interacting Fisher­Wright diffusions where environment, catalytic medium, longtime behaviour, rescaling. AMS Subject Classification: 60K35, 60J70Interacting Fisher­Wright Diffusions in a Catalytic Medium Andreas Greven Mathematisches Institut

  12. Late Middle Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grajetzki, Wolfram

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The amethyst mining inscriptions of Wadi el-Hudi, Vol. I.mining inscriptions of Wadi el-Hudi, Vol. II. Warminster:are unattested. Only at Wadi el-Hudi, there are a number of

  13. On viscosity, conduction and sound waves in the intracluster medium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. C. Fabian; C. S. Reynolds; G. B. Taylor; R. J. H. Dunn

    2005-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent X-ray and optical observations of the Perseus cluster indicate that the viscous and conductive dissipation of sound waves is the mechanism responsible for heating the intracluster medium and thus balancing radiative cooling of cluster cores. We discuss this mechanism more generally and show how the specific heating and cooling rates vary with temperature and radius. It appears that the heating mechanism is most effective above 10^7K, which allows for radiative cooling to proceed within normal galaxy formation but will stifle the growth of very massive galaxies. The scaling of the wavelength of sound waves with cluster temperature and feedback in the system are investigated.

  14. Nuclear medium effects in $?(\\bar?)$-nucleus deep inelastic scattering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    H. Haider; I. Ruiz Simo; M. Sajjad Athar; M. J. Vicente Vacas

    2011-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the nuclear medium effects in the weak structure functions $F_2(x,Q^2)$ and $F_3(x,Q^2)$ in the deep inelastic neutrino/antineutrino reactions in nuclei. We use a theoretical model for the nuclear spectral functions which incorporates the conventional nuclear effects, such as Fermi motion, binding and nucleon correlations. We also consider the pion and rho meson cloud contributions calculated from a microscopic model for meson-nucleus self-energies. The calculations have been performed using relativistic nuclear spectral functions which include nucleon correlations. Our results are compared with the experimental data of NuTeV and CDHSW.

  15. Tunneling properties of nonplanar molecules in a gas medium

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bahrami, Mohammad [Department of Chemistry, Sharif University of Technology, P.O. Box 11365-9516, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); The Abdus Salam ICTP, Strada Costiera 11, I-34151 Trieste (Italy); Bassi, Angelo [Department of Physics, University of Trieste, Strada Costiera 11, I-34151 Trieste (Italy); Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Trieste Section, Via Valerio 2, I-34127 Trieste (Italy)

    2011-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We propose a simple, general, and accurate formula for analyzing the tunneling between classical configurations of a nonplanar molecule in a gas medium, as a function of the thermodynamic parameters of the gas. We apply it to two interesting cases: (i) the shift to zero frequency of the inversion line of ammonia, upon an increase in the pressure of the gas; and (ii) the destruction of the coherent tunneling of D{sub 2}S{sub 2} molecules in a He gas. In both cases, we compare our analysis with previous theoretical and experimental results.

  16. A New Cavity Design For Medium Beta Acceleration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    He, Feisi [Peking University, Beijing (China); Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, Newport News, VA (United States); Wang, Haipeng [Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, Newport News, VA (United States); Rimmer, Robert A. [Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, Newport News, VA (United States)

    2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Heavy duty or cw, superconducting proton and heavy ion accelerators are being proposed and constructed worldwide. The total length of the machine is one of the main drivers in terms of cost. Thus hwr and spoke cavities at medium beta are usually optimized to achieve low surface field and high gradient. A novel accelerating structure at beta=0.5 evolved from spoke cavity is proposed, with lower surface fields but slightly higher heat load. It would be an interesting option for pulsed and cw accelerators with beam energy of more than 200mev/u.

  17. Reference Buildings by Building Type: Medium office | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn'tOrigin of ContaminationHubs+18, 2012EnergyBuilding Type: Medium office Reference Buildings by

  18. Reference Buildings by Building Type: Medium office | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn'tOrigin of ContaminationHubs+18, 2012EnergyBuilding Type: Medium office Reference Buildings

  19. Reference Buildings by Building Type: Medium office | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn'tOrigin of ContaminationHubs+18, 2012EnergyBuilding Type: Medium office Reference

  20. Waste Heat Recovery Using a Circulating Heat Medium Loop 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Manning, E., Jr.

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As energy costs continue to increase, one must be willing to accept greater complexities in heat recovery systems. The days of being satisfied with only simple hot product to cold feed exchange, restricted to the plot boundaries of each unit, are a...

  1. Doppler effect in the oscillator radiation process in the medium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lekdar Gevorgian; Valeri Vardanyan

    2011-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this paper is to investigate the radiation process of the charged particle passing through an external periodic field in a dispersive medium. In the optical range of spectrum we will consider two cases: first, the source has not eigenfrequency, and second, the source has eigenfrequency. In the first case, when the Cherenkov radiation occurs, the non-zero eigenfrequency produces a paradox for Doppler effect. It is shown that the absence of the eigenfrequency solves the paradox known in the literature. The question whether the process is normal (i.e. hard photons are being radiated under the small angles) or anomalous depends on the law of the medium dispersion. When the source has an eigenfrequency the Doppler effects can be either normal or anomalous. In the X-ray range of the oscillator radiation spectrum we have two photons radiated under the same angle- soft and hard. In this case the radiation obeys to so-called complicated Doppler effect, i.e. in the soft photon region we have anomalous Doppler effect and in the hard photon region we have normal Doppler effect.

  2. United Energy | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag JumpID-fTri Global Energy LLC Place:Unalakleet Jump to:0165°,UnionmetUnitedUnited

  3. Wave propagation, stress relaxation, and grain-to-grain shearing in saturated, unconsolidated marine sediments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buckingham, Michael

    of Sound and Vibration Research, The University, Southampton SO17 1BJ, United Kingdom Received 1 February. Since the grains are unbonded, it is assumed that the shear rigidity modulus of the medium is zero, implying the absence of a skeletal elastic frame. The analysis is based on two types of shearing

  4. Organization of ISI by Divisions and Constituent Units Information Sciences Division

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bandyopadhyay, Antar

    Biological Sciences Division Agricultural and Ecological Research Unit Human Genetics Unit Biological Unit Canteen Security Unit Medical Welfare Unit Telephone Unit Transport Unit Guest House Audio Visual

  5. FISHERY STATISTICS OF THE UNITED STATES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Div,, . FISHERY STATISTICS OF THE UNITED STATES 1961 STATISTICAL DIGEST NO. 54 UNITED STATES, Donald L. MeKernan, Director STATISTICAL DIGEST 54 FISHERY STATISTICS OF THE UNITED STATES 1961 BY E. A, Washington, D.C. 20402 - Price $2 (paper cover) #12;Fishery statistics of the United States are compiled

  6. FISHERY STATISTICS OF THE UNITED STATES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    FISHERY STATISTICS OF THE UNITED STATES 1945 STATISTICAL DIGEST NO, 18 United States Dejtartment. Krug, Secretary FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE Albert M. Day, Director Statistical Digest 18 FISHERY STATISTICS OF THE UNITED STATES 1945 BY A. W. ANDERSON and E. A. POWER UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT PRINTING

  7. ABPDU - Advanced Biofuels Process Demonstration Unit

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Lawrence Berkeley National Lab opened its Advanced Biofuels Process Demonstration Unit on Aug. 18, 2011.

  8. Performance of utility grid-tied photovoltaic systems in the northern United States

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    DeLaune, J.L. [Wisconsin Public Service Corp., Green Bay, WI (United States); Bircher, C.L. [Synergic Resources Corp., Green Bay, WI (United States)

    1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Wisconsin Public Service Corporation (WPSC), a medium sized-investor owned electric and natural gas utility serving northeast Wisconsin, installed two roof-top, grid-tied photovoltaic systems in 1993. These systems were part of an Environmental Protection Agency power plant emission mitigation study coordinated by Ascension Technology, Inc. A 12-Kw commercial roof-top unit and a 4-Kw residential roof-top unit were installed. WPSC has extensively studied the 4-Kw residential roof-top unit to gather information for offering a PV-Friendly Leasing program to residential customers in 1996. This paper will discuss the results of this evaluation in the areas of Demand Side Management, System Peak Shaving, Targeted Area Planning. Power Plant Emission Reductions, and Overall Performance.

  9. University Assessment Contacts Academic Units

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Escher, Christine

    .j.arp@oregonstate.edu 541-737-2331 Notes: Agricultural and Resource Economics Assessment Rep: Email: Phone: Penelope DiebelUniversity Assessment Contacts Academic Units COLLEGE OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES Assessment Rep.Capalbo@oregonstate.edu 541-737-5639 Notes: Agricultural Education and Agricultural Sciences Assessment Rep: Email: Phone

  10. UNITED NATIONS BEST PRACTICES IN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Catholic University of Chile (Universidad Católica de Chile)

    UNITED NATIONS BEST PRACTICES IN INVESTMENT FOR DEVELOPMENT CASE STUDIES IN FDI How to Utilize FDI Practices in Investment for Development is a programme of case studies in making foreign direct investment and development. UNCTAD's approach is to undertake case studies of a pair of developed and developing

  11. PLANNING UNIT March 18, 2009

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prasad, Sanjiva

    PLANNING UNIT March 18, 2009 Advertisement for IREDA Renewable Energy Chair in the Institute acclaimed credentials to its Chair positions. IREDA Renewable Energy Chair was established in the year 1997. The objectives of IREDA Renewable Energy Chair include Research and Development, upgradation of technology

  12. UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in the Atlantic Ocean. The data represents a 24-hour-long evolution of a tsunami with 1-minute time resolution Evolution of coarsely quantized wave as it propagates toward the shore 8 #12;#12;Compression of MOST in a modeled tsunami caused by each of 804 unit earthquakes (tsunami sources) in the Pacific and 194

  13. RELIABILITY OF CAPACITOR CHARGING UNITS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sprott, Julien Clinton

    experience little change while those using the electronic cutoff would drift due to ageing components and changing parameters. The first few shots using the electronic cutoff were less reliable than subsequentRELIABILITY OF CAPACITOR CHARGING UNITS Clint Sprott July 30, 1965 University of Wisconsin

  14. UNITED STATES NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    UNITED STATES NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION OFFICE OF NUCLEAR MATERIAL SAFETY AND SAFEGUARDS ON RADIATION THERAPY OVEREXPOSURES IN PANAMA Addressees All medical licensees. Purpose The U.S. Nuclear persons in your institution who are involved with radiation therapy should review this notice

  15. Connection Between the Circumgalactic Medium and the Interstellar Medium of Galaxies:Results from the COS-GASS Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borthakur, Sanchayeeta; Tumlinson, Jason; Bordoloi, Rongmon; Thom, Christopher; Catinella, Barbara; Schiminovich, David; Dave, Romeel; Kauffmann, Guinevere; Moran, Sean M; Saintonge, Amelie

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a study exploring the nature and properties of the Circum-Galactic Medium (CGM) and its connection to the atomic gas content in the interstellar medium (ISM) of galaxies as traced by the HI 21 cm line. Our sample includes 45 low-z (0.026-0.049) galaxies from the GALEX Arecibo SDSS Survey. Their CGM was probed via absorption in the spectra of background Quasi-Stellar Objects at impact parameters of 63 to 231 kpc. The spectra were obtained with the Cosmic Origins Spectrograph aboard the Hubble Space Telescope. We detected neutral hydrogen (Ly{\\alpha} absorption-lines) in the CGM of 92% of the galaxies. We find the radial profile of the CGM as traced by the Ly{\\alpha} equivalent width can be fit as an exponential with a scale length of about 0.85 times the virial radius of the dark matter halo. We found no correlation between the orientation of the galaxies and their Ly{\\alpha} equivalent widths. The velocity spread of the circumgalactic gas is consistent with that seen in the atomic gas in the inters...

  16. Overcoming the Range Limitation of Medium-Duty Battery Electric Vehicles through the use of Hydrogen Fuel-Cells

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wood, E.; Wang, L.; Gonder, J.; Ulsh, M.

    2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Battery electric vehicles possess great potential for decreasing lifecycle costs in medium-duty applications, a market segment currently dominated by internal combustion technology. Characterized by frequent repetition of similar routes and daily return to a central depot, medium-duty vocations are well positioned to leverage the low operating costs of battery electric vehicles. Unfortunately, the range limitation of commercially available battery electric vehicles acts as a barrier to widespread adoption. This paper describes the National Renewable Energy Laboratory's collaboration with the U.S. Department of Energy and industry partners to analyze the use of small hydrogen fuel-cell stacks to extend the range of battery electric vehicles as a means of improving utility, and presumably, increasing market adoption. This analysis employs real-world vocational data and near-term economic assumptions to (1) identify optimal component configurations for minimizing lifecycle costs, (2) benchmark economic performance relative to both battery electric and conventional powertrains, and (3) understand how the optimal design and its competitiveness change with respect to duty cycle and economic climate. It is found that small fuel-cell power units provide extended range at significantly lower capital and lifecycle costs than additional battery capacity alone. And while fuel-cell range-extended vehicles are not deemed economically competitive with conventional vehicles given present-day economic conditions, this paper identifies potential future scenarios where cost equivalency is achieved.

  17. Commercial demonstration of atmospheric medium BTU fuel gas production from biomass without oxygen the Burlington, Vermont Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rohrer, J.W. [Zurn/NEPCO, South Portland, MA (United States); Paisley, M. [Battelle Laboratories, Columbus, OH (United States)

    1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The first U.S. demonstration of a gas turbine operating on fuel gas produced by the thermal gasification of biomass occurred at Battelle Columbus Labs (BCL) during 1994 using their high throughput indirect medium Btu gasification Process Research Unit (PRU). Zurn/NEPCO was retained to build a commercial scale gas plant utilizing this technology. This plant will have a throughput rating of 8 to 12 dry tons per hour. During a subsequent phase of the Burlington project, this fuel gas will be utilized in a commercial scale gas turbine. It is felt that this process holds unique promise for economically converting a wide variety of biomass feedstocks efficiently into both a medium Btu (500 Btu/scf) gas turbine and IC engine quality fuel gas that can be burned in engines without modification, derating or efficiency loss. Others are currently demonstrating sub-commercial scale thermal biomass gasification processes for turbine gas, utilizing both atmospheric and pressurized air and oxygen-blown fluid bed processes. While some of these approaches hold merit for coal, there is significant question as to whether they will prove economically viable in biomass facilities which are typically scale limited by fuel availability and transportation logistics below 60 MW. Atmospheric air-blown technologies suffer from large sensible heat loss, high gas volume and cleaning cost, huge gas compressor power consumption and engine deratings. Pressurized units and/or oxygen-blown gas plants are extremely expensive for plant scales below 250 MW. The FERCO/BCL process shows great promise for overcoming the above limitations by utilizing an extremely high throughout circulation fluid bed (CFB) gasifier, in which biomass is fully devolitalized with hot sand from a CFB char combustor. The fuel gas can be cooled and cleaned by a conventional scrubbing system. Fuel gas compressor power consumption is reduced 3 to 4 fold verses low Btu biomass gas.

  18. Buoyancy Instabilities in a Weakly Collisional Intracluster Medium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kunz, Matthew W; Reynolds, Christopher S; Stone, James M

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The intracluster medium of galaxy clusters is a weakly collisional, high-beta plasma in which the transport of heat and momentum occurs primarily along magnetic-field lines. Anisotropic heat conduction allows convective instabilities to be driven by temperature gradients of either sign, the magnetothermal instability (MTI) in the outskirts of non-isothermal clusters and the heat-flux buoyancy-driven instability (HBI) in their cooling cores. We employ the Athena MHD code to investigate the nonlinear evolution of these instabilities, self-consistently including the effects of anisotropic viscosity (i.e. Braginskii pressure anisotropy), anisotropic conduction, and radiative cooling. We highlight the importance of the microscale instabilities that inevitably accompany and regulate the pressure anisotropies generated by the HBI and MTI. We find that, in all but the innermost regions of cool-core clusters, anisotropic viscosity significantly impairs the ability of the HBI to reorient magnetic-field lines orthogonal...

  19. Gravity currents in a porous medium at an inclined plane

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vella, D; Huppert, Herbert E.; Vella, Dominic

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider the release from a point source of relatively heavy fluid into a porous saturated medium above an impermeable slope. We consider the case where the volume of the resulting gravity current increases with time like $t^\\alpha$ and show that for $\\alpha3$, this situation is reversed with spreading occurring predominantly downslope for short times. The governing equations admit similarity solutions whose scaling behaviour we determine, with the full similarity form being evaluated by numerical computations of the governing partial differential equation. We find that the results of these analyses are in good quantitative agreement with a series of laboratory experiments. Finally, we briefly discuss the implications of our work for the sequestration of carbon dioxide in aquifers with a sloping, impermeable cap.

  20. Two-phase flow in a chemically active porous medium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexandre Darmon; Michael Benzaquen; Thomas Salez; Olivier Dauchot

    2014-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the problem of the transformation of a given reactant species into an immiscible product species, as they flow through a chemically active porous medium. We derive the equation governing the evolution of the volume fraction of the species -- in a one-dimensional macroscopic description --, identify the relevant dimensionless numbers, and provide simple models for capillary pressure and relative permeabilities, which are quantities of crucial importance when tackling multiphase flows in porous media. We set the domain of validity of our models and discuss the importance of viscous coupling terms in the extended Darcy's law. We investigate numerically the steady regime and demonstrate that the spatial transformation rate of the species along the reactor is non-monotonous, as testified by the existence of an inflection point in the volume fraction profiles. We obtain the scaling of the location of this inflection point with the dimensionless lengths of the problem. Eventually, we provide key elements for optimization of the reactor.

  1. Kansas Consortium Plug-in Hybrid Medium Duty

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None, None

    2012-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

    On September 30, 2008, the US Department of Energy (DoE), issued a cooperative agreement award, DE-FC26-08NT01914, to the Metropolitan Energy Center (MEC), for a project known as “Kansas Consortium Plug-in Hybrid Medium Duty Certification” project. The cooperative agreement was awarded pursuant to H15915 in reference to H. R. 2764 Congressionally Directed Projects. The original agreement provided funding for The Consortium to implement the established project objectives as follows: (1) to understand the current state of the development of a test protocol for PHEV configurations; (2) to work with industry stakeholders to recommend a medium duty vehicle test protocol; (3) to utilize the Phase 1 Eaton PHEV F550 Chassis or other appropriate PHEV configurations to conduct emissions testing; (4) and to make an industry PHEV certification test protocol recommendation for medium duty trucks. Subsequent amendments to the initial agreement were made, the most significant being a revised Scope of Project Objectives (SOPO) that did not address actual field data since it was not available as originally expected. This project was mated by DOE with a parallel project award given to the South Coast Air Quality Management District (SCAQMD) in California. The SCAQMD project involved designing, building and testing of five medium duty plug-in hybrid electric trucks. SCAQMD had contracted with the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) to manage the project. EPRI provided the required match to the federal grant funds to both the SCAQMD project and the Kansas Consortium project. The rational for linking the two projects was that the data derived from the SCAQMD project could be used to validate the protocols developed by the Kansas Consortium team. At the same time, the consortium team would be a useful resource to SCAQMD in designating their test procedures for emissions and operating parameters and determining vehicle mileage. The years between award of the cooperative agreements and their completion were problematic for the US and world economies. This resulted in the President and Congress implementing the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009, abbreviated ARRA (Pub.L. 111-5), commonly referred to as the Stimulus or The Recovery Act. The stimulus money available for transportation projects encouraged the SCAQMD to seek additional funds. In August of 2009, they eventually were awarded an additional $45.5 M, and the scope of their project was expanded to 378 vehicles. However, as a consequence of the stimulus money and the inundation of DOE with applications for new project under the ARRA, the expected time table for producing and testing vehicles was significantly delayed. As a result, these vehicles were not available for validating the protocols developed by the Kansas Consortium. Therefore, in April of 2011, the Scope of Project Objectives (SOPO) for the project was revised, and limited to producing the draft protocol for PHEV certification as its deliverable.

  2. Heating and Acceleration of Intracluster Medium Electrons by Turbulence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vahé Petrosian; William E. East

    2008-02-06T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper we investigate the feasibility of bremsstrahlung radiation from `nonthermal' electrons as a source of hard X-rays from the intracluster medium of clusters of galaxies. With an exact treatment of the Coulomb collisions in a Fokker-Planck analysis of the electron distribution we find that the severe difficulties with lifetimes of `nonthermal' particles found earlier by Petrosian (2001) using a cold target model remain problematic. We then address possible acceleration of background electrons into a nonthermal tail. We assume a simplified but generic acceleration rate and determine the expected evolution of an initially Maxwellian distribution of electrons. We find that strong nonthermal components arise only for rapid rate of acceleration which also heats up the entire plasma. These results confirm the conclusion that if the observed `nonthermal' excesses are due to some process accelerating the background thermal electrons this process must be short lived.

  3. Nuclear structure studies with medium energy probes. [Northwestern Univ

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Seth, Kamal K.

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Progress in the continuing program of experimental research in nuclear structure with medium-energy probes during the year 1979-1980 is reviewed, and the research activities planned for the year 1980-1981 are discussed. In the study of pion-induced reactions emphasis is placed on investigation of isovector characteristics of nuclear excitations and on double charge exchange reactions. Pion production studies form the major part of the program of experiments with proton beams of 400 to 800 MeV at LAMPF. Current emphasis is on the bearing of these investigations on di-baryon existence. The study of high-spin states and magnetic scattering constitute the main goals of the electron scattering program at Bates. Representative results are presented; completed work is reported in the usual publications. (RWR)

  4. Medium Duty ARRA Data Reporting and Analysis (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Walkowicz, K.

    2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This project compiles medium-duty (MD) aggregated deployment data and provides the compiled detailed analyses to industry. The U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) deployment and demonstration projects are helping to commercialize technologies for all-electric vehicles, electrified accessories, and electric charging infrastructure. Over 3.2 million miles of in-service all-electric MD truck data from 560 different vehicles have been collected since 2011, and usage data from over 1,000 truck electrification sites have been collected since 2013. Through the DOE's Vehicle Technologies Office, NREL is working to analyze real-time data from these deployment and demonstration projects to quantify the benefits: results and summary statistics are made available through the NREL website as quarterly and annual reports; 23 aggregated reports have been published on the performance and operation of these vehicles; and detailed data are being extracted to help further understand battery use and performance.

  5. Ionization front-driven turbulence in the clumpy interstellar medium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas Peters; Robi Banerjee; Ralf S. Klessen

    2008-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

    We present 3D radiation-gasdynamical simulations of an ionization front running into a dense clump. In our setup, a B0 star irradiates an overdensity which is at a distance of 10 pc and modelled as a supercritical 100 M_sol Bonnor-Ebert sphere. The radiation from the star heats up the gas and creates a shock front that expands into the interstellar medium. The shock compresses the clump material while the ionizing radiation heats it up. The outcome of this "cloud-crushing" process is a fully turbulent gas in the wake of the clump. In the end, the clump entirely dissolves. We propose that this mechanism is very efficient in creating short-living supersonic turbulence in the vicinity of massive stars.

  6. Lorentz-symmetry violating decays in a medium

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nieves, Jose F.; Pal, Palash B. [Laboratory of Theoretical Physics, Department of Physics, P.O. Box 23343, University of Puerto Rico, Rio Piedras, 00931-3343 (Puerto Rico); Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics, 1/AF Bidhan-Nagar, Calcutta 700064 (India)

    2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Various decay processes, such as the decay of a spin-1 particle into two photons or the gravitational decay of a spin-1/2 fermion, are forbidden in the vacuum by a combination of requirements, including angular momentum conservation, Lorentz invariance, and gauge invariance. We show that such processes can occur in a medium, such as a thermal background of particles, even if it is homogeneous and isotropic. We carry out a model-independent analysis of the vertex function for such processes in terms of a set of form factors, and show that the amplitude can be nonzero while remaining consistent with the symmetry principles mentioned above. The results simulate Lorentz symmetry violating effects, although in this case they arise from completely Lorentz-invariant physics.

  7. Soot blower using fuel gas as blowing medium

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Tanca, Michael C. (Tariffville, CT)

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A soot blower assembly (10) for use in combination with a coal gasifier (14). The soot blower assembly is adapted for use in the hot combustible product gas generated in the gasifier as the blowing medium. The soot blower lance (20) and the drive means (30) by which it is moved into and out of the gasifier is housed in a gas tight enclosure (40) which completely surrounds the combination. The interior of the enclosure (40) is pressurized by an inert gas to a pressure level higher than that present in the gasifier so that any combustible product gas leaking from the soot blower lance (20) is forced into the gasifier rather than accumulating within the enclosure.

  8. Medium-size high-temperature gas-cooled reactor

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Peinado, C.O.; Koutz, S.L.

    1980-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report summarizes high-temperature gas-cooled reactor (HTGR) experience for the 40-MW(e) Peach Bottom Nuclear Generating Station of Philadelphia Electric Company and the 330-MW(e) Fort St. Vrain Nuclear Generating Station of the Public Service Company of Colorado. Both reactors are graphite moderated and helium cooled, operating at approx. 760/sup 0/C (1400/sup 0/F) and using the uranium/thorium fuel cycle. The plants have demonstrated the inherent safety characteristics, the low activation of components, and the high efficiency associated with the HTGR concept. This experience has been translated into the conceptual design of a medium-sized 1170-MW(t) HTGR for generation of 450 MW of electric power. The concept incorporates inherent HTGR safety characteristics (a multiply redundant prestressed concrete reactor vessel (PCRV), a graphite core, and an inert single-phase coolant) and engineered safety features (core auxiliary cooling, relief valve, and steam generator dump systems).

  9. The role of the Interstellar Medium in Galaxy Formation Simulations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greg L. Bryan

    2007-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

    There is a strong connection between the formation of a disk galaxy and the properties of the interstellar medium (ISM). Theoretical work has typically either focused on the cosmological buildup of a galaxy with a relatively crude model for the gas physics, or examined local processes in the ISM and ignored the global evolution of the galaxy itself. Here, I briefly review what has been learned from both of these approaches, and what can be done to bridge the gap between them. I argue that cosmological simulations need to learn from observational and theoretical work on local ISM properties and adopt more sophisticated models for the processes that they cannot resolve. Since the ISM is still incompletely understood, there are a number of reasonable approaches for these "subgrid" models, and I will discuss the strengths and limitations of each.

  10. Medium induced jet absorption at relativistic heavy ion collisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Axel Drees; Haidong Feng; Jiangyong Jia

    2005-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The dense medium created in Au + Au collisions at the Relativistic Heavy-Ion Collider (RHIC) significantly suppresses particle production from hard scattering processes and their characteristic back-to-back angular correlation. We present a simple model of jet absorption in dense matter which incorporates a realistic nuclear geometry. Our calculations are performed at the jet level and assume independent jet fragmentation in the vacuum. This model describes quantitatively the centrality dependence of the observed suppression of the high $p_T$ hadron yield and of the back-to-back angular correlations. The azimuthal anisotropy of high $p_T$ particle production can not be accounted for using a realistic nuclear geometry.

  11. The constitutive equations for an electrochemically polarizable medium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Benavidez, Alberto

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Polarizable Mdiun. (Nay 1982) Alberto Benavidez, Eng. , University of the Republic (Uruguay) Chapman of Advisory Coamittee: Dr. Nichele Caputo The basic concept of the elec~etic parameters: conductivity a, permittivity s, and ~ility u, as intrinsic... Universities) for supporting my studies in the United States. IKDICATION To Carlos Alberto, with love. CHAP'IER I ? INTRODUCTION AND THE IllDUCED POLARIZATION EFFECZ. Page Introduction lhe IP Techniques Causes of Induced Polarization Induced...

  12. DETECTION OF DIFFUSE NEUTRAL INTRAGROUP MEDIUM IN HICKSON COMPACT GROUPS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Borthakur, Sanchayeeta; Yun, Min Su [Astronomy Department, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA 01003 (United States); Verdes-Montenegro, Lourdes, E-mail: sanch@astro.umass.ed, E-mail: myun@astro.umass.ed, E-mail: lourdes@iaa.e [Instituto de Astrofisica de AndalucIa, CSIC, Apdo. Correos 3004, E-18080 Granada (Spain)

    2010-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

    We present new Green Bank Telescope (GBT) 21 cm neutral hydrogen (H I) observations of a complete distance-limited sample of 22 Hickson Compact Groups (HCGs) with at least four true members. We detected an average H I mass of 8 x 10{sup 9} M{sub sun} (median = 6 x 10{sup 9} M{sub sun}), which is significantly larger than previous single-dish measurements. Consequently, the H I deficiencies for these HCGs have been reduced, although not completely eliminated. Spectral comparison of the GBT data with complementary Very Large Array data shows significant H I excess in the GBT spectra. The observed excess is primarily due to the high surface brightness (HSB) sensitivity of the GBT detecting diffuse, low column density H I in these groups. The excess gas forms a faint diffused neutral medium which is an intermediate stage in the evolution of HSB H I tidal debris in the intragroup medium (IGM) before it is fully ionized. The excess gas mass fraction, (M(H I){sub GBT} - M(H I){sub VLA})/M(H I){sub GBT}, for our complete sample varies from 5% to 81% with an average of 36% (median = 30%). The excess gas mass fraction is highest in slightly H I deficient groups where the tidal debris has had enough time to evolve. We also find the excess gas content increases with the evolutionary phase of the group described in Verdes-Montenegro et al. Theoretical calculations indicate that an H I cloud of radius >= 200 pc would survive in an IGM of 2 x 10{sup 6} K for more than the typical dynamical lifetime of a group. However, smaller clouds get evaporated and assimilated into the hot IGM in a much shorter timescale.

  13. United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization Economic Commission for Europe of the United Nations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    UNECE United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization Economic Commission for Europe of the United Forestry Commission of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, to promote sustainable? UNITED NATIONS #12;#12;ECE/TIM/DP/44 United Nations Economic Commission for Europe/ Food and Agriculture

  14. Help reduce the cost of complying with Sarbanes-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Engineering Institute (SEI) · The ITIL (IT Infrastructure Library) framework, governed by the United Kingdom

  15. Energy Efficiency Improvement and Cost Saving Opportunities for the Glass Industry. An ENERGY STAR Guide for Energy and Plant Managers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Worrell, Ernst

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Manufacturing Industries. Good Practice Guide 131. Unitedand their Controls. Good Practice Guide 252. United Kingdom.

  16. Research article Inhibition of SnRK1 by metabolites: Tissue-dependent effects and cooperative

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davis, Ben G.

    , Hertfordshire AL5 2JQ, United Kingdom b Instituto de Tecnologia Química e Biológica, Laboratório de

  17. The University of Chicago Department of Statistics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stephens, Matthew

    's density forecasts of United Kingdom inflation rates, and probabilistic predictions of wind energy

  18. Pale cyst nematode Globodera pallida Michigan State University's invasive species factsheets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , United Kingdom; Latin America: Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Panama, Peru, Venezuela

  19. --No Title--

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    | Month | | | Persian | Total | Non | United | | Gulf(1) | OPEC(2) | OPEC | Kingdom | Venezuela| | | ||||| 1978...

  20. --No Title--

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    | Month | | | Persian | Total | Non | United | | Gulf(1) | OPEC(2) | OPEC | Kingdom | Venezuela| | | ||||| 1983...