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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "median normal seasonal" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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1

Solar: annual and seasonal average direct normal (DNI) GIS data (contours)  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

direct normal (DNI) GIS data (contours) direct normal (DNI) GIS data (contours) for Brazil from INPE and LABSOLAR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Annual and seasonal mean of Direct Normal Solar Radiation in kWh/m2/day based on data from 1995 to 2002 (Purpose): To provide a set of consistent, reliable, verifiable, and accessible global data sets for international and in-country investors and other stakeholders (Supplemental Information): The cross-calibration process worked with data from 3 ground stations: Caicó (located in the Northeast of Brazil), Florianópolis (located in the South) and Balbina (located in Amazonia). These data have been used for validation and comparison of radiation transfer models operated in SWERA to estimate the incidence of solar radiation on the surface of the country from satellite images obtained from 1995 to 2002

2

Active hurricane season expected to shut-in higher amount of oil and natural gas production  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Active hurricane season expected to shut-in higher amount of Active hurricane season expected to shut-in higher amount of oil and natural gas production An above-normal 2013 hurricane season is expected to cause a median production loss of about 19 million barrels of U.S. crude oil and 46 billion cubic feet of natural gas production in the Gulf of Mexico, according to the new forecast from the U.S. Energy Information Administration. That's about one-third more than the amount of oil and gas production knocked offline during last year's hurricane season. Government weather forecasts predict 13 to 20 named storms will form between June and the end of November, with 7 to 11 of those turning into hurricanes. Production outages in previous hurricane seasons were as high as 107 million barrels of crude oil

3

Median Statistics, H0, and the  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We develop median statistics that provide powerful alternatives to ?2 likelihood methods and require fewer assumptions about the data. Application to astronomical data demonstrates that median statistics lead to results that are quite similar and almost as constraining as ?2 likelihood methods but with somewhat more confidence since they do not assume Gaussianity of the errors or that their magnitudes are known. Applying median statistics to Huchra's compilation of nearly all estimates of the Hubble constant, we find a median value H0 = 67 km s-1 Mpc-1. Median statistics assume only that the measurements are independent and free of systematic errors. This estimate is arguably the best summary of current knowledge because it uses all available data and, unlike other estimates, makes no assumption about the distribution of measurement errors. The 95% range of purely statistical errors is ?2 km s-1 Mpc-1. The high degree of statistical accuracy of this result demonstrates the power of using only these two assumptions and leads us to analyze the range of possible systematic errors in the median, which we estimate to be roughly ?5 km s-1 Mpc-1 (95% limits), dominating over the statistical errors. Using a Bayesian median statistics treatment of high-redshift Type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia) apparent magnitude versus redshift data from Riess et al., we find the posterior probability that the cosmological constant ? > 0 is 70% or 89%, depending on the prior information we include. We find the posterior probability of an open universe is about 47%, and the probability of a spatially flat universe is 51% or 38%. Our results generally support the observers' conclusions but indicate weaker evidence for ? > 0 (less than 2 ?). Median statistics analysis of the Perlmutter et al. high-redshift SNe Ia data shows that the best-fit flat-? model is favored over the best-fit ? = 0 open model by odds of 366?:?1; the corresponding Riess et al. odds are 3?:?1 (assuming in each case prior odds of 1?:?1). A scalar field with a potential energy with a "tail" behaves like a time-variable ?. Median statistics analyses of the SNe Ia data do not rule out such a time-variable ? and may even favor it over a time-independent ? and a ? = 0 open model.

J. Richard Gott III; Michael S. Vogeley; Silviu Podariu; Bharat Ratra

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Introduction The median problem for the reversal distance in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

genomes E. Ohlebusch, M.I. Abouelhoda, K. Hockel, J. Stallkamp University of Ulm, Germany CPM 2005 The median problem for the reversal distance in circular bacterial genomes #12;Introduction Methods Conclusion General Problem Distances Specific Problem Median Problem Given 3 genomes G1, G2, and G3, find

Lonardi, Stefano

5

Property:EstimatedCostMedianUSD | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

EstimatedCostMedianUSD EstimatedCostMedianUSD Jump to: navigation, search Property Name EstimatedCostMedianUSD Property Type Quantity Description the median estimate of cost in USD Use this type to express a monetary value in US Dollars. The default unit is one US Dollar. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Area Acceptable units (and their conversions) are: 100 cent USD,cents USD,Cent USD,Cents USD .001 k USD,thousand USD,Thousand USD .000001 M USD,million USD,Million USD .000000001 T USD,trillion USD,Trillion USD Pages using the property "EstimatedCostMedianUSD" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 2 2-M Probe Survey + 30030,000 centUSD 0.3 kUSD 3.0e-4 MUSD 3.0e-7 TUSD + A Acoustic Logs + 4.62462 centUSD 0.00462 kUSD 4.62e-6 MUSD 4.62e-9 TUSD + Aerial Photography + 240.5424,054 centUSD

6

Property:EstimatedTimeMedian | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

EstimatedTimeMedian EstimatedTimeMedian Jump to: navigation, search Property Name EstimatedTimeMedian Property Type Quantity Description the median estimate of time required Use this type to enumerate a length of time. The default unit is the year. Acceptable units (and their conversions) are: 8766 hours,hour,h,H,Hour,Hours,HOUR,HOURS 365.25 days,day,d,Day,Days,D,DAY,DAYS 52.17857 weeks,week,w,Week,Weeks,W,WEEK,WEEKS 12 months,month,m,Month,Months,M,MONTH,MONTHS 1 years,year,y,Year,Years,Y,YEAR,YEARS Pages using the property "EstimatedTimeMedian" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 2 2-M Probe Survey + 2.281542e-4 years2 hours 0.0833 days 0.0119 weeks 0.00274 months + A Acoustic Logs + 0.044 years385.92 hours 16.08 days 2.297 weeks 0.528 months +

7

Placement of Traffic Barriers on Roadside and Median Slopes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on the findings obtained from crash tests performed on flat terrain. For barriers placed on roadside and median slopes, vehicle impact height varies depending on the trajectory of the vehicle along the ditch section and lateral offset of the barrier. Thus...

Ferdous, Md Rubiat

2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

8

Seasonal thermal energy storage  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report describes the following: (1) the US Department of Energy Seasonal Thermal Energy Storage Program, (2) aquifer thermal energy storage technology, (3) alternative STES technology, (4) foreign studies in seasonal thermal energy storage, and (5) economic assessment.

Allen, R.D.; Kannberg, L.D.; Raymond, J.R.

1984-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Livestock Seasonal Price Variation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Seasonal price movements can be measured and used to help in marketing livestock. This publication includes 10-year seasonal price indexes for several livestock categories, and explains how to interpret and use the information....

Davis, Ernest E.; Sartwelle III, James D.; Mintert, James R.

1999-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

10

Intertie Open Season  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Improvement (CBPI) Customer Forum Energy Imbalance Market Generator Interconnection Reform Implementation Intertie Initiatives Intertie Open Season Transmission Utilization...

11

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #597: November 16, 2009 Median Age of  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

7: November 16, 7: November 16, 2009 Median Age of Cars and Trucks Rising in 2008 to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #597: November 16, 2009 Median Age of Cars and Trucks Rising in 2008 on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #597: November 16, 2009 Median Age of Cars and Trucks Rising in 2008 on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #597: November 16, 2009 Median Age of Cars and Trucks Rising in 2008 on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #597: November 16, 2009 Median Age of Cars and Trucks Rising in 2008 on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #597: November 16, 2009 Median Age of Cars and Trucks Rising in 2008 on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #597: November 16, 2009 Median Age of Cars and Trucks Rising in 2008 on

12

Table B2. Summary Table: Totals and Medians of Floorspace, Number of Workers,  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

. Summary Table: Totals and Medians of Floorspace, Number of Workers, Hours of Operation, and Age of Building, 1999" . Summary Table: Totals and Medians of Floorspace, Number of Workers, Hours of Operation, and Age of Building, 1999" ,"All Buildings (thousand)","Total Floorspace (million square feet)","Total Workers in All Buildings (thousand)","Median Square Feet per Building (thousand)","Median Square Feet per Worker","Median Hours per Week","Median Age of Buildings (years)" "All Buildings ................",4657,67338,81852,5,909,50,30.5 "Building Floorspace" "(Square Feet)" "1,001 to 5,000 ...............",2348,6774,11125,2.5,667,50,30.5 "5,001 to 10,000 ..............",1110,8238,10968,7,1000,50,34.5 "10,001 to 25,000 .............",708,11153,11378,15,1354,55,28.5

13

Bridge recognition of median-resolution SAR images using pun histogram entropy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A novel algorithm for bridge recognition of median synthetic aperture radar (SAR) images using histogram entropy presented by Pun is proposed. Firstly, Lee filter and histogram...

Wu, Wenyu; Yin, Dong; Zhang, Rong; Liu, Yan; Pan, Jia

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Seasonal Landscape Maintenance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Seasonal Landscape Maintenance Oklahoma State University, in compliance with Title VI and VII State University's Department of Horticulture and Landscape Architecture and Oklahoma Cooperative to dry between watering allows plants to develop stronger, deeper roots. However, some landscape plants

Balasundaram, Balabhaskar "Baski"

15

Action Potentials from an Arthropod Ocellus: The Median Eye of Limulus  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...epidermis exposes the "rudimentary" median eye to external illumination (Waterman, unpublished). 1 Stormer, L., Skrft. Norsk. Videns. Akad. Oslo, I. Mat. Naturv. Ki. 1944,- No. 5, 1-158 (1944). 2 Patten, W., The Evolution of the...

Talbot H. Waterman

1953-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Cost-effectiveness of freeway median high occupancy vehicle (HOV) facility conversion to rail guideway transit  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Many freeways in the United States contain median high occupancy vehicle (HOV) facilities. These facilities have been envisioned by some as reserved space for future rail guideway transit. This thesis examines the cost-effectiveness of converting a...

Best, Matthew Evans

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

17

Development of guidelines for the aesthetic surface treatment of safety-shaped median barriers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Safety-shaped median barriers have long been employed to keep misguided vehicles on the roadway. In recent years there has been a growing national desire for more aesthetically pleasing roadside safety systems. Adding surface texture is one...

Ness, Jacob Raymond

2004-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

18

Fact #597: November 16, 2009 Median Age of Cars and Trucks Rising in 2008  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The median age of cars and trucks in the U.S. continued to grow in 2008. Due to the economic climate and high gasoline prices that summer, consumers held onto their vehicles longer and delayed new...

19

{chi}{sup 2} versus median statistics in supernova type Ia data analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this paper we compare the performances of the {chi}{sup 2} and median likelihood analysis in the determination of cosmological constraints using type Ia supernovae data. We perform a statistical analysis using the 307 supernovae of the Union 2 compilation of the Supernova Cosmology Project and find that the {chi}{sup 2} statistical analysis yields tighter cosmological constraints than the median statistic if only supernovae data is taken into account. We also show that when additional measurements from the cosmic microwave background and baryonic acoustic oscillations are considered, the combined cosmological constraints are not strongly dependent on whether one applies the {chi}{sup 2} statistic or the median statistic to the supernovae data. This indicates that, when complementary information from other cosmological probes is taken into account, the performances of the {chi}{sup 2} and median statistics are very similar, demonstrating the robustness of the statistical analysis.

Barreira, A. [Centro de Fisica do Porto, Rua do Campo Alegre 687, 4169-007 Porto (Portugal); Departamento de Fisica da Faculdade de Ciencias da Universidade do Porto, Rua do Campo Alegre 687, 4169-007 Porto (Portugal); Avelino, P. P. [Departamento de Fisica da Faculdade de Ciencias da Universidade do Porto, Rua do Campo Alegre 687, 4169-007 Porto (Portugal); Centro de Astrofisica da Universidade do Porto, Rua das Estrelas, 4150-762 Porto (Portugal)

2011-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

20

2003 CBECS National Median Source Energy Use and Performance Comparisons by  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

2003 CBECS National Median Source Energy Use and Performance 2003 CBECS National Median Source Energy Use and Performance Comparisons by Building Type Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us Portfolio Manager Login Facility owners and managers Existing buildings Commercial new construction Industrial energy management Small business Service providers Service and product providers Verify applications for ENERGY STAR certification Design commercial buildings Energy efficiency program administrators Commercial and industrial program sponsors Associations State and local governments Federal agencies Tools and resources Training In This Section Campaigns Commercial building design Communications resources Energy management guidance Financial resources Portfolio Manager Products and purchasing Recognition Research and reports Service and product provider (SPP) resources

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "median normal seasonal" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Four seasons of giving  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Kurt's Column Kurt's Column Community Connections: Our link to Northern New Mexico Communities Latest Issue:Dec. 2013 - Jan. 2014 All Issues » submit Four seasons of giving We value a culture of giving and appreciate our employees' on-going volunteerism throughout Northern New Mexico and even nationwide. January 1, 2013 dummy image Read our archives. Contacts Editor Linda Anderman Email Community Programs Office Kurt Steinhaus Email We value a culture of giving and appreciate our employees' on-going volunteerism throughout Northern New Mexico and even nationwide. So, as the Lab, its employees, and retirees wrap up this year's season, I'm happy to say this is not our only time of giving. Programs such as our Science Education Community Service Time efforts mean that whenever school is in

22

Seasonal variations and environmental control of water use efficiency in subtropical plantation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

To understand the seasonal variations of water use efficiency (WUE) of coniferous plantation in the ... and normal climatic condition in 2004). The water stress influenced WUE greatly, which caused a...

Xia Song; Girimi Yu; Yunfen Liu; Xiaomin Sun

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Seasonal Tips | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Seasonal Tips Seasonal Tips Seasonal Tips January 23, 2012 - 11:30am Addthis Amanda McAlpin I've often wished I lived in one of those fabulous places where it's 72 degrees and sunny year-round. But unfortunately, most of us don't. And to stay comfortable, we need heat and hot coffee in the winter, and air-conditioning and lemonade in the summer. Luckily, part of the Energy Savers site is dedicated to helping us save energy during all four seasons. Bring up the dedicated Energy Savers seasonal website and learn great ways to reduce your energy bill. Tips range from small changes you can make immediately, such as closing your drapes, to information on modifications you can make to your home for even larger benefits. There is even information on assistance for energy-savings improvements to your home.

24

Rates of Convergence of Extremes from Skew Normal Samples  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

a standard skew-normal distribution with shape parameter R (written as X SN()) if its probability density); population structure of Schima superba in Qingliangfeng National Nature Reserve (Liu et al., 2011); rain); modeling of seasonal rainfall in Africa (Siebert and Ward, 2011); modeling of HIV viral loads

Sidorov, Nikita

25

Atlantic Hurricane Season of 2008  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The 2008 Atlantic hurricane season is summarized and the years tropical cyclones are described. Sixteen named storms formed in 2008. Of these, eight became hurricanes with five of them strengthening into major hurricanes (category 3 or higher on ...

Daniel P. Brown; John L. Beven; James L. Franklin; Eric S. Blake

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Normal Curvature . . . Geodesic Curvature . . .  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Normal Curvature . . . Geodesic Curvature . . . Home Page Title Page Page 683 of 711 Go Back Full quadratic form associated with a surface. #12;Normal Curvature . . . Geodesic Curvature . . . Home Page Title Page Page 684 of 711 Go Back Full Screen Close Quit The component g is called the geodesic

Gallier, Jean

27

USE OF MOVING AVERAGES AND INTERPOLATION TO ESTIMATE MEDIAN-EFFECTIVE DOSE: I. Fundamental Formulas, Estimation of Error, and Relation to Other Methods  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...median-effective dose; fundamental formulas, estimation of error, and...median-effective dose, in cases of a...150-154. 144 ESTIMATION OF MEDL4N-EFFECTIVE DOSE 31. EJUSSEY...The effects of radiations on biological systems...

William R. Thompson

1947-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

CHAPTER XVI - TIME SERIES: SEASONAL FLUCTUATIONS  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary This chapter discusses the seasonal fluctuations in time series. Seasonal variations are defined either to be studied separately ormore oftento be removed, thus, allowing concentrating on the remaining variation. If the annual data are not strongly influenced by trend movements or cyclical changes, it is possible to compare seasonal data usuallymonthly data with averages not adjusted for trend and express them as percentages of these averages. In reality, the amplitude and period of seasonal movements vary in most cases from year to year, being affected by seasonal as well as by cyclical, random, and other nonseasonal factors. The averages, expressed in percentages, thus obtained are preliminary seasonal indexes. Seasonal indices based on the fitting of curves to monthly ratios, expressed as percentages, to moving averages are called moving seasonal indexes.

ISAAC PAENSON

1970-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

How to Construct a Seasonal Index  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

For many crops, seasonality is often the dominant factor influencing prices within a single production period. This publication explains how to construct and use several kinds of seasonal indexes for crop marketing information....

Tierney Jr., William I.; Waller, Mark L.; Amosson, Stephen H.

1999-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

30

Document Normalization Revisited Abdur Chowdhury  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for fundamentally different document collections. We recomputed the normalization for the web track and obtainedDocument Normalization Revisited Abdur Chowdhury America Online Reston, Virginia chowdhury Pivoted Document Length Normalization has reached a point of stability where many researchers

Chowdhury, Abdur

31

Radiofrequency Ablation of Large Renal Angiomyolipoma: Median-Term Follow-Up  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose. To study the feasibility of percutaneous radiofrequency ablation (RFA) of large angiomyolipomas (AMLs) using saline-cooled electrodes. Materials and Methods. Institutional Review Board approval for the study was received. Four patients (all female, age range 33-67 years) with large AMLs (maximal axis 6.1-32.4 cm) not suitable for embolotherapy or surgery consented to a trial of RFA. Procedures were performed under computerized tomographic guidance using 14G saline-infused electrodes. Two ablations (diameter 4-7 cm) were undertaken in each patient. Variables studied were technical success, treatment safety, alteration of tumor consistency, tumor size, effect on renal function, and medium-term freedom from haemorrhage. Results. All four patients underwent successful RFA without any intraprocedural complications. There has been no haemorrhage, or new renal specific symptom, during a minimum 48-month period, and normal renal function has been normal. On follow-up radiological imaging, the tumors have become fattier with involution of the soft-tissue elements (soft tissue-to-total tumor ratio decreased mean [range] of 0.26 [0.14-0.48] to 0.17 [0.04-0.34] U; p = 0.04 [paired Student t test]). Further evidence of treatment effect was the development of a capsule around the ablation zone, but there was no change in overall tumor volume (mean [range] 1,120 [118-2,845] to 1150 [90-3,013] ml; p = 1 [paired Student t test]). Conclusion. RFA of large AMLs is technically feasible using saline-infused electrodes. The soft-tissue elements decreased in volume; the tumors become fattier; and there has been no renal haemorrhage during a 48-month period.

Gregory, S. M., E-mail: drstephengregory@gmail.com; Anderson, C. J.; Patel, U. [St. George's Hospital and Medical School, Department of Radiology (United Kingdom)

2013-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

32

Nebraska Preparing for the Upcoming Heating Season  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

Drivers * Crops Proactive Moves Heating Season Preparations by Nebraska Dealers * Contracting a bigger percentage of the amount of propane or heating oil that they estimate...

33

Influenza Seasonality: Underlying Causes and Modeling Theories  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...sporadic localized outbreaks. Such cases...mathematical models (31, 68...climates, flu infections...epidemics and outbreaks occur in tropical...seasonality. Flu season is characterized...dissemination model poses intriguing...accurately predict the incidence...respiratory syndrome outbreak at the Amoy...

Eric Lofgren; N. H. Fefferman; Y. N. Naumov; J. Gorski; E. N. Naumova

2006-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

34

Regimes of the North Australian Wet Season  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The variability of the north Australian wet season is examined by performing cluster analysis on the wind and thermodynamic information contained in the 2300 UTC radiosonde data at Darwin for 49 wet seasons (SeptemberApril) from 1957/58 to 2005/...

Mick Pope; Christian Jakob; Michael J. Reeder

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Document Normalization Revisited Cosine Pivoted Document Length Normalization has  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

submitted results to the TREC-10 web track. 2. Calibrating the Slope for Ad Hoc Task Using pivoted documentDocument Normalization Revisited Abstract Cosine Pivoted Document Length Normalization has reached for the document collection degrades average precision by as much as 20%. 1. Introduction The cosine measure

36

ANIMATION OF THE NORMAL ICE CYCLE OF THE LAURENTIAN GREAT LAKES OF NORTH AMERICA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OF ANNUAL ICE CYCLE 1. Fall Cooling 2. Ice Formation 3. Ice Thickness 4. Seasonal Maximum Ice Cover 5ANIMATION OF THE NORMAL ICE CYCLE OF THE LAURENTIAN GREAT LAKES OF NORTH AMERICA R.A. Assel and J describes an interactive menu- driven computer tutorial on the contemporary ice cover climatology

37

Microsoft Word - S08364_SeasonalVariation  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Groundwater Groundwater Constituents and Seasonal Variation at the Riverton, Wyoming, Processing Site February 2012 LMS/RVT/S08364 This page intentionally left blank U.S. Department of Energy Evaluation of Groundwater Constituents and Seasonal Variation, Riverton, Wyoming February 2012 Doc. No. S08364 Page 1 Evaluation of Groundwater Constituents and Seasonal Variation at the Riverton, Wyoming, Processing Site Executive Summary Historical groundwater monitoring at the Riverton site included collecting samples for a variety of analyses, including general water quality, inorganics, metals, and radionuclides. Evaluations of these constituents were conducted and presented in past documents, which resulted in four constituents of concern (COCs). This paper presents a reevaluation of 47 constituents using

38

Propane: A Mid-heating Season Assessment  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

9, 2001 9, 2001 Propane - A Mid-Heating Season Assessment by David Hinton and Alice Lippert, Petroleum Division, Office of Oil and Gas, Energy Information Administration In early October 2000, the Energy Information Administration (EIA) forecast that heating fuel markets would be expected to start the season with much higher prices and lower inventories than in recent years. While this assessment was true for both the heating oil and natural gas markets, propane markets actually began the season with adequate supplies but with high prices. Since EIA's forecast, propane inventories have plunged nearly 20 million barrels from their peak during the first half of the 2000-01 heating season while propane prices have continued to soar even higher than expected during this same period. This report will analyze some

39

On the Seasonality of the Hadley Cell  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The annual march of the climatological mean meridional circulations (MMCs) in the NCEPNCAR reanalyses is dominated by two components of roughly comparable mean-squared amplitude: 1) a seasonally invariant pair of Hadley cells with rising ...

Ioana M. Dima; John M. Wallace

2003-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

NOVA Making Stuff Season 2  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Over the course of four weeks in fall 2013, 11.7 million Americans tuned in to PBS to follow host David Pogue as he led them in search of engineering and scientific breakthroughs poised to change our world. Levitating trains, quantum computers, robotic bees, and bomb-detecting plantsthese were just a few of the cutting-edge innovations brought into the living rooms of families across the country in NOVAs four-part series, Making Stuff: Faster, Wilder, Colder, and Safer. Each of the four one-hour programs gave viewers a behind-the-scenes look at novel technologies poised to change our worldshowing them how basic research and scientific discovery can hold the keys to transforming how we live. Making Stuff Season 2 (MS2) combined true entertainment with educational value, creating a popular and engaging series that brought accessible science into the homes of millions. NOVAs goal to engage the public with such technological innovation and basic research extended beyond the broadcast series, including a variety of online, educational, and promotional activities: original online science reporting, web-only short-form videos, a new online quiz-game, social media engagement and promotion, an educational outreach toolkit for science educators to create their own makerspaces, an online community of practice, a series of nationwide Innovation Cafs, educator professional development, a suite of teacher resources, an Idealab, participation in national conferences, and specialized station relation and marketing. A summative evaluation of the MS2 project indicates that overall, these activities helped make a significant impact on the viewers, users, and participants that NOVA reached. The final evaluation conducted by Concord Evaluation Group (CEG) confidently concluded that the broadcast, website, and outreach activities were successful at achieving the projects intended impacts. CEG reported that the MS2 series and website content were successful in raising awareness and sparking interest in innovation, and increased public awareness that basic research leads to technological innovation; this interest was also sustained over a six month period. Efforts to create an online community of practice were also successful: the quality of collaboration increased, and community members felt supported while using Maker pedagogy. These findings provide clear evidence that large-scale science media projects like MS2 are an effective means of moving the needle on attitudes about and excitement for science. NOVAs broadcast audience and ratings have always indicated that a large portion of the population is interested in and engages with educational science media on a weekly basis. Yet these evaluation results provide the empirical evidence that beyond being capable of attracting, maintaining, and growing a dedicated group of citizens interested in science, these showswith their diverse content provided on a variety of media channelsare capable of sparking new interest in science, raising public awareness of the importance of science, and maintaining and growing that interest over time. In a country where approximately a quarter of the population doesnt know the earth rotates around the sun,1 roughly half still dont accept evolution,2 and about 20% dont think climate change is happening,3 the importance of these findings cannot be overstated. The success of MS2 suggests that large-scale media projects dedicated to and linked by coverage of scientific big ideas are an effective means of shifting public opinion onand improving understanding ofscience. REFERENCES 1, 2 National Science Foundation, Science and Engineering Indicators (2014). Chapter 7: Science and Technology: Public Attitudes and Understanding. 3 Leiserowitz, A., Maibach, E., Roser-Renouf, C., Feinberg, G., & Rosenthal, S. (2014) Climate change in the American mind: April, 2014. Yale University and George Mason University. New Haven, CT: Yale Project on Climate Change Communication.

Leombruni, Lisa; Paulsen, Christine Andrews

2014-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "median normal seasonal" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Nutritional Correlates of the "Lean Season": Effects of Seasonality and Frugivory on the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and energy intakes, though season had an independent effect. These results suggest that factors restricting, Bronx, NY 6 Department of Anthropology, Hunter College, City University of New York, New York, NY 7 New to understand 1) how macronutrient and energy intakes vary seasonally, including whether these intakes respond

Rothman, Jessica M.

42

direct normal | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

normal normal Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): A map depicting model estimates of monthly average daily total radiation using inputs derived from satellite and surface observations of cloud cover, aerosol optical depth, precipitable water vapor, albedo, atmospheric pressure and ozone sampled at a 40km resolution. (Purpose): A visual depiction of solar energy resource for concentrating solar power systems. Source NREL Date Released December 11th, 2003 (10 years ago) Date Updated October 30th, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords Central America direct normal DNI map NREL solar SWERA UNEP Data application/pdf icon Download Map (pdf, 67.1 KiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Time Period License License Other or unspecified, see optional comment below

43

Normalized cDNA libraries  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

This invention provides a method to normalize a directional cDNA library constructed in a vector that allows propagation in single-stranded circle form comprising: (a) propagating the directional cDNA library in single-stranded circles; (b) generating fragments complementary to the 3' noncoding sequence of the single-stranded circles in the library to produce partial duplexes; (c) purifying the partial duplexes; (d) melting and reassociating the purified partial duplexes to moderate Cot; and (e) purifying the unassociated single-stranded circles, thereby generating a normalized cDNA library.

Soares, Marcelo B. (New York, NY); Efstratiadis, Argiris (Englewood, NJ)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Normalized cDNA libraries  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

This invention provides a method to normalize a directional cDNA library constructed in a vector that allows propagation in single-stranded circle form comprising: (a) propagating the directional cDNA library in single-stranded circles; (b) generating fragments complementary to the 3{prime} noncoding sequence of the single-stranded circles in the library to produce partial duplexes; (c) purifying the partial duplexes; (d) melting and reassociating the purified partial duplexes to moderate Cot; and (e) purifying the unassociated single-stranded circles, thereby generating a normalized cDNA library. 4 figs.

Soares, M.B.; Efstratiadis, A.

1997-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

45

Normalization of Process Safety Metrics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

D ........................................................................................................... 90 APPENDIX E ............................................................................................................ 98 VITA... are usually more than the product of workforce numbers and the work hours per worker. This action certainly degrades the precision of normalized incident rates. Moreover, this denominator only reflects limited and unspecified process information. New...

Wang, Mengtian

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

46

What's in Season from the Garden State  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the system. New Jersey is deficient in a distribution mechanism which respects and embraces seasonality or restaurants or have refrigerated trucks for deliveries. What the New Jersey wholesale produce distribution it with Jersey and bridge the gap in the system: Gaurino Sons Produce and Zone 7. Guarino Sons Produce Long

Goodman, Robert M.

47

1, 681707, 2004 Seasonal P cycling in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

recycling that takes place in the water10 column. The DOP concentration exhibits two peaks during a seasonal the POP content decreases. This indicates two periods of increased phosphorus recycling activity The southern bight of the North Sea receives nutrients from domestic, industrial and agricultural wastewater

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

48

Pacific Adaptation Strategy Assistance Program Dynamical Seasonal Forecasting  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Pacific Adaptation Strategy Assistance Program Dynamical Seasonal Forecasting Seasonal Prediction · POAMA · Issues for future Outline #12;Pacific Adaptation Strategy Assistance Program Major source Adaptation Strategy Assistance Program El Nino Mean State · Easterlies westward surface current upwelling

Lim, Eun-pa

49

Original article Belowground biomass seasonal variation in two  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Original article Belowground biomass seasonal variation in two Neotropical savannahs (Brazilian March 2001) Abstract ­ The belowground biomass of two types of ecosystems, frequently burned open by flotation and sieving. Belowground biomass showed significant seasonal variation, values being higher during

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

50

The Seasonal Cycle over the United States and Mexico  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The annual cycle occupies a unique position in the spectra of meteorological time series. This cycle and its first three harmonics are extracted from the series as a seasonal cycle. The distributions of the annual and seasonal cycles are studied ...

Vernon E. Kousky; S. Srivatsangam

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Reduce Waste and Save Energy this Holiday Season | Department...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Reduce Waste and Save Energy this Holiday Season Reduce Waste and Save Energy this Holiday Season December 5, 2014 - 9:55am Addthis Wrap your gifts with recycled paper to reduce...

52

St. Augustinegrass Warm-season turfgrass. Prefers full sun, but  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

St. Augustinegrass Warm-season turfgrass. Prefers full sun, but has a high tolerance for shade-season grass. It does best in full sun and high temperatures. Goes dormant and turns brown in winter. Very

Ishida, Yuko

53

AT 351 Lab 3: Seasons and Surface Temperature (Ch. 3)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

an important role in an area's local vertical temperature distribution. Below, Figure 1 shows the verticalAT 351 Lab 3: Seasons and Surface Temperature (Ch. 3) Question #1: Seasons (20 pts) A. In your own words, describe the cause of the seasons. B. In the Northern Hemisphere we are closer to the sun during

Rutledge, Steven

54

Managing Warm-season Improved Pastures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. However, west of a line from Corpus Christi through San Antonio to Fort Worth, rainfall is greatly reduced year round and spring calving is preferred. The rainfall pattern in this area corresponds to for- age production as shown in Fig. 1. Spring calving... season corresponds to better forage quality and quantity in native rangeland and improved pastures. Because improved small grain pastures must be irrigated in many areas of west Texas, the cost of producing improved winter forages for cow-calf op...

Stichler, Charles; Prostko, Eric P.; Livingston, Stephen

1998-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

55

Influences on seasonal ski worker intention to return and indicators and standards of quality for seasonal ski jobs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCF. August 2002 Major Subject: Recreation, Park and Tourism Sciences INFLUENCES ON SEASONAL SKI WORKER INTENTION TO RETURN AND INDICATORS AND STANDARDS OF QUALiTY FOR SEASONAL SKI JOBS A Thesis By MATTHEW D... 'Lear (He c of partment) August 2002 Major Subject: Recreation, Park and Tourism Sciences ABSTRACT Influences on Seasonal Ski Worker Intention to Return and Indicators and Standards of Quality for Seasonal Ski Jobs. (August 2002) Matthew D. Ismert...

Ismert, Matthew D

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

56

Managing Milk Composition: Normal Sources of Variation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Many factors influence the composition of milk, including environment, level of production, stage of lactation, disease, season, and genetics and age of the animal. This publication explains the effect of each....

Stokes, Sandra R.; Jordan, Ellen R.; Looper, Mike; Waldner, Dan

2000-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

57

A Bayesian approach to forecast intermittent demand for seasonal products  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper investigates the forecasting of a large fluctuating seasonal demand prior to peak sale season using a practical time series, collected from the US Census Bureau. Due to the extreme natural events (e.g. excessive snow fall and calamities), sales may not occur, inventory may not replenish and demand may set off unrecorded during the peak sale season. This characterises a seasonal time series to an intermittent category. A seasonal autoregressive integrated moving average (SARIMA), a multiplicative exponential smoothing (M-ES) and an effective modelling approach using Bayesian computational process are analysed in the context of seasonal and intermittent forecast. Several forecast error indicators and a cost factor are used to compare the models. In cost factor analysis, cost is measured optimally using dynamic programming model under periodic review policy. Experimental results demonstrate that Bayesian model performance is much superior to SARIMA and M-ES models, and efficient to forecast seasonal and intermittent demand.

Mohammad Anwar Rahman; Bhaba R. Sarker

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Major Normal Fault | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Major Normal Fault Major Normal Fault Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Print PDF Major Normal Fault Dictionary.png Major Normal Fault: Normal faults are structures in which the hanging wall is down dropped along the fault plane relative to the foot wall. They are the predominant type of structure in extensional tectonic environments, but are commonly encountered in a number of geologic settings. Other definitions:Wikipedia Reegle Controlling Structures List of controlling structures typically associated with geothermal systems: Major Normal Fault Termination of a Major Normal Fault Stepover or Relay Ramp in Normal Fault Zones Apex or Salient of Normal Fault Fault Intersection Accommodation Zone Displacement Transfer Zone Pull-Apart in Strike-Slip Fault Zone

59

Combinatorial Maps with Normalized Knot Dainis ZEPS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Combinatorial Maps with Normalized Knot Dainis ZEPS Abstract We consider combinatorial maps's normalization doesn't affect combinatorial map what concerns its generality. Knot's normalization leads to more concise numeration of corners in maps, e.g., odd or even corners allow easy to follow distinguished cycles

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

60

SMITH NORMAL FORM AND LAPLACIANS DINO LORENZINI  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SMITH NORMAL FORM AND LAPLACIANS DINO LORENZINI Abstract. Let M denote the Laplacian matrix of a graph G. Associated with G is a finite group (G), obtained from the Smith normal form of M, and whose /Im(M). This group can be computed in practice using the Smith normal form of M, as follows. Given any

Lorenzini, Dino J.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "median normal seasonal" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Bering Sea Chinook Salmon Seasonal Bycatch Report (includes CDQ)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

101 IPA Season Total Catch Allocation Remaining Allocation % Taken Last Week Catch A 2,153 6,748 4,595 32% 0 B 5 4,024 4,019 0% 5 Total 2,158 10,772 8,614 20% 5 BS Chinook Salmon AFA COOP 102 IPA Season 0 0% 0 BS Chinook Salmon AFA COOP 103 IPA Season Total Catch Allocation Remaining Allocation % Taken

62

Bering Sea Chinook Salmon Seasonal Bycatch Report (includes CDQ)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

101 IPA Season Total Catch Allocation Remaining Allocation % Taken Last Week Catch A 0 6,748 6,748 0% 0 B 0 4,024 4,024 0% 0 Total 0 10,772 10,772 0% 0 BS Chinook Salmon AFA COOP 102 IPA Season Total BS Chinook Salmon AFA COOP 103 IPA Season Total Catch Allocation Remaining Allocation % Taken Last

63

It Just Tastes Better When It's In Season  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

i IT JUST TASTES BETTER WHEN IT?S IN SEASON A Dissertation by LAURA NICOLA THOMAS Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR... OF PHILOSOPHY May 2012 Major Subject: Nutrition ii It Just Tastes Better When It?s in Season Copyright 2012 Laura Nicola Thomas iii IT JUST TASTES BETTER WHEN IT?S IN SEASON A Dissertation...

Thomas, Laura

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

64

BPA revises policy for managing seasonal power oversupply  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

y-for-managing-seasonal-power-oversupply Sign In About | Careers | Contact | Investors | bpa.gov Search News & Us Expand News & Us Projects & Initiatives Expand Projects &...

65

Four Seasons Windpower, LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Windpower, LLC Windpower, LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name Four Seasons Windpower, LLC Address 1697 Wilbur Road Place Medina, Ohio Zip 44256 Sector Solar, Wind energy Product Retail product sales and distribution Phone number 866-412-8346 Website http://www.fswindpower.com Coordinates 41.169146°, -81.7476779° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.169146,"lon":-81.7476779,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

66

Tracing The Largest Seasonal Migration on Earth  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It is estimated that over 3.6 billion passengers are travelling during the Chinese Spring Festival travel season. They leave their working cities and return their hometowns to enjoy annual family time, and back to cities after the holiday. In this study, with the massive location-based data collected from millions of smartphone users, we propose a novel method to trace the migration flow and explore the migration patterns of Chinese people. From the temporal perspective, we explore the migration trend over time during a 34-days period, about half a month before and after the Spring Festival. From the spatial perspective, the migration directions and routes are estimated and quantified, and the migration flow is visualized. The spatial range of influence of developed regions could be reflected with the destinations of migration, the migration destinations and originations have obvious characteristic of geographical proximity.

Wang, Xianwen; Mao, Wenli; Hu, Zhigang; Gu, Li

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

Seasonal variation of radon concentrations in UK homes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The patterns of seasonal variation of radon concentrations were measured in 91 homes in five regions of the UK over a period of two years. The results showed that there was no significant difference between the regions in the pattern or magnitude of seasonal variation in radon concentrations. The arithmetic mean variation was found to be close to that found previously in the UK national survey. Differences in the pattern between the two years of the study were not significant. Two-thirds of homes in the study followed the expected pattern of high radon in the winter and low radon in the summer. Most of the rest showed little seasonal variation, and a few showed a reversed seasonal pattern. The study does not provide any clear evidence for the recorded house characteristics having an effect on the seasonal variation in radon concentrations in UK homes, though the statistical power for determining such effects is limited in this study. The magnitude of the seasonal variation varied widely between homes. Analysis of the individual results from the homes showed that because of the wide variation in the amount of seasonal variation, applying seasonal correction factors to the results of three-month measurements can yield only relatively small improvements in the accuracy of estimates of annual mean concentrations.

J C H Miles; C B Howarth; N Hunter

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Seasonal mass balance gradients in Norway L. A. Rasmussen1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Norwegian Water Resources and Energy Directorate (NVE) P. O. Box 5091 Majorstua, N-0301 Oslo, Norway16 Aug 05 Seasonal mass balance gradients in Norway L. A. Rasmussen1 and L. M. Andreassen2 1 in Norway exists in their profiles of both seasonal balances, winter bw(z) and summer bs(z). Unlike many

Rasmussen, L.A.

69

Seasonal patterns in energy partitioning of two freshwater marsh ecosystems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

). The study period included several wet and dry seasons and variable water levels, allowing us to gain better and affect the magnitude of seasonal change in water levels through water loss as LE (evapotranspiration (ET that produce considerable variation in the hydrologic cycle, affecting nutrient delivery, ecosystem primary

70

SEASONAL CLIMATE EXTREMES: MECHANISMS, PREDICTABILITY AND RESPONSES TO GLOBAL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SEASONAL CLIMATE EXTREMES: MECHANISMS, PREDICTABILITY AND RESPONSES TO GLOBAL WARMING Mxolisi Excellent Shongwe #12;ISBN : 978-90-902-5046-5 #12;SEASONAL CLIMATE EXTREMES: MECHANISMS, PREDICTABILITY;. . . Dedicated to my late father John Mabhensa Shongwe #12;ABSTRACT Climate extremes are rarely occurring natural

Haak, Hein

71

Energy SWAT Team Prepares for Hurricane Season | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

SWAT Team Prepares for Hurricane Season SWAT Team Prepares for Hurricane Season Energy SWAT Team Prepares for Hurricane Season August 17, 2010 - 11:30am Addthis Andy Oare Andy Oare Former New Media Strategist, Office of Public Affairs What does this mean for me? First-responder training sessions at the Department help prepare employees for hurricane season and other potential energy-sector emergencies. If you live in a part of the country where hurricanes might cause damage, be sure to have a plan and a kit ready. On June 29, Hurricane Alex became the first hurricane of the 2010 season, and the first Atlantic hurricane to occur as early as June since 1995. The next day, a Department of Energy "energy response team" gathered in Washington, D.C. for the last in a series of first-responder training

72

Energy SWAT Team Prepares for Hurricane Season | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Energy SWAT Team Prepares for Hurricane Season Energy SWAT Team Prepares for Hurricane Season Energy SWAT Team Prepares for Hurricane Season August 17, 2010 - 11:30am Addthis Andy Oare Andy Oare Former New Media Strategist, Office of Public Affairs What does this mean for me? First-responder training sessions at the Department help prepare employees for hurricane season and other potential energy-sector emergencies. If you live in a part of the country where hurricanes might cause damage, be sure to have a plan and a kit ready. On June 29, Hurricane Alex became the first hurricane of the 2010 season, and the first Atlantic hurricane to occur as early as June since 1995. The next day, a Department of Energy "energy response team" gathered in Washington, D.C. for the last in a series of first-responder training

73

AUGUSTOSAGNOTTI ScuolaNormaleSuperiore-Pisa  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

JoelScherk,unfisicodell'Eco- le Normale Supérieure di Parigi scomparso prematuramente nel- l'80. La stessa Teoria, creata nel 1968

Abbondandolo, Alberto

74

alla Normale 1_la Scuola 9  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

funzione che in Francia viene svolta dalla gemella ?cole Normale Supérieure di Parigi. A questa antica

Abbondandolo, Alberto

75

Conformal Universality in Normal Matrix Ensembles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A remarkable property of Hermitian ensembles is their universal behavior, that is, once properly rescaled the eigenvalue statistics does not depend on particularities of the ensemble. Recently, normal matrix ensembles have attracted increasing attention, however, questions on universality for these ensembles still remain under debate. We analyze the universality properties of random normal ensembles. We show that the concept of universality used for Hermitian ensembles cannot be directly extrapolated to normal ensembles. Moreover, we show that the eigenvalue statistics of random normal matrices with radially symmetric potential can be made universal under a conformal transformation.

Alexei M. Veneziani; Tiago Pereira; Domingos H. U. Marchetti

2009-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

76

ARM - Measurement - Shortwave narrowband direct normal irradiance  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Measurement : Shortwave narrowband direct normal irradiance The rate at which radiant energy in narrow bands of wavelengths shorter than approximately 4mum, that comes directly...

77

Temperature Normals/Extremes-August - Hanford Site  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

September October November December Historical Weather Charts Temperature NormalsExtremes-August Email Email Page | Print Print Page |Text Increase Font Size Decrease Font...

78

Temperature Normals/Extremes-October - Hanford Site  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

September October November December Historical Weather Charts Temperature NormalsExtremes-October Email Email Page | Print Print Page |Text Increase Font Size Decrease Font...

79

Temperature Normals/Extremes-April - Hanford Site  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

September October November December Historical Weather Charts Temperature NormalsExtremes-April Email Email Page | Print Print Page |Text Increase Font Size Decrease Font Size...

80

Temperature Normals/Extremes-July - Hanford Site  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

September October November December Historical Weather Charts Temperature NormalsExtremes-July Email Email Page | Print Print Page |Text Increase Font Size Decrease Font Size...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "median normal seasonal" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Temperature Normals/Extremes-May - Hanford Site  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

September October November December Historical Weather Charts Temperature NormalsExtremes-May Email Email Page | Print Print Page |Text Increase Font Size Decrease Font Size...

82

Temperature Normals/Extremes-December - Hanford Site  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

September October November December Historical Weather Charts Temperature NormalsExtremes-December Email Email Page | Print Print Page |Text Increase Font Size Decrease Font...

83

Temperature Normals/Extremes-March - Hanford Site  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

September October November December Historical Weather Charts Temperature NormalsExtremes-March Email Email Page | Print Print Page |Text Increase Font Size Decrease Font Size...

84

Temperature Normals/Extremes-September - Hanford Site  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

September October November December Historical Weather Charts Temperature NormalsExtremes-September Email Email Page | Print Print Page |Text Increase Font Size Decrease Font...

85

Temperature Normals/Extremes-November - Hanford Site  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

September October November December Historical Weather Charts Temperature NormalsExtremes-November Email Email Page | Print Print Page |Text Increase Font Size Decrease Font...

86

Temperature Normals/Extremes-June - Hanford Site  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

September October November December Historical Weather Charts Temperature NormalsExtremes-June Email Email Page | Print Print Page |Text Increase Font Size Decrease Font Size...

87

Temperature Normals/Extremes-February - Hanford Site  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

September October November December Historical Weather Charts Temperature NormalsExtremes-February Email Email Page | Print Print Page |Text Increase Font Size Decrease Font...

88

Temperature Normals/Extremes-January - Hanford Site  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

September October November December Historical Weather Charts Temperature NormalsExtremes-January Email Email Page | Print Print Page |Text Increase Font Size Decrease Font...

89

Extremal unital completely positive normal maps  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the convex set of unital completely positive normal map on a von-Neumann algebra and find a necessary and sufficient condition for an element in the convex set to be extremal. We also deal with the same problem for the convex subset which admits a faithful normal state.

Anilesh Mohari

2013-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

90

Definition: Direct normal irradiance | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

normal irradiance normal irradiance (Redirected from Definition:DNI) Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Direct normal irradiance the amount of solar radiation received per unit area by a surface perpendicular (normal) to the rays that come in a straight line from the direction of the sun at its current position in the sky.[1] Also Known As DNI Related Terms Solar radiation, Irradiance, Concentrating solar power, Global horizontal irradiance References ↑ http://www.3tier.com/en/support/glossary/#dni Retrie LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. ved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Direct_normal_irradiance&oldid=423379" Category: Definitions What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link

91

Normalizing the causality between time series  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Recently, a rigorous yet concise formula has been derived to evaluate the information flow, and hence the causality in a quantitative sense, between time series. To assess the importance of a resulting causality, it needs to be normalized. The normalization is achieved through distinguishing three types of fundamental mechanisms that govern the marginal entropy change of the flow recipient. A normalized or relative flow measures its importance relative to other mechanisms. In analyzing realistic series, both absolute and relative information flows need to be taken into account, since the normalizers for a pair of reverse flows belong to two different entropy balances; it is quite normal that two identical flows may differ a lot in relative importance in their respective balances. We have reproduced these results with several autoregressive models. We have also shown applications to a climate change problem and a financial analysis problem. For the former, reconfirmed is the role of the Indian Ocean Dipole as ...

Liang, X San

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Modeling pore corrosion in normally open gold- plated copper connectors.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The goal of this study is to model the electrical response of gold plated copper electrical contacts exposed to a mixed flowing gas stream consisting of air containing 10 ppb H{sub 2}S at 30 C and a relative humidity of 70%. This environment accelerates the attack normally observed in a light industrial environment (essentially a simplified version of the Battelle Class 2 environment). Corrosion rates were quantified by measuring the corrosion site density, size distribution, and the macroscopic electrical resistance of the aged surface as a function of exposure time. A pore corrosion numerical model was used to predict both the growth of copper sulfide corrosion product which blooms through defects in the gold layer and the resulting electrical contact resistance of the aged surface. Assumptions about the distribution of defects in the noble metal plating and the mechanism for how corrosion blooms affect electrical contact resistance were needed to complete the numerical model. Comparisons are made to the experimentally observed number density of corrosion sites, the size distribution of corrosion product blooms, and the cumulative probability distribution of the electrical contact resistance. Experimentally, the bloom site density increases as a function of time, whereas the bloom size distribution remains relatively independent of time. These two effects are included in the numerical model by adding a corrosion initiation probability proportional to the surface area along with a probability for bloom-growth extinction proportional to the corrosion product bloom volume. The cumulative probability distribution of electrical resistance becomes skewed as exposure time increases. While the electrical contact resistance increases as a function of time for a fraction of the bloom population, the median value remains relatively unchanged. In order to model this behavior, the resistance calculated for large blooms has been weighted more heavily.

Battaile, Corbett Chandler; Moffat, Harry K.; Sun, Amy Cha-Tien; Enos, David George; Serna, Lysle M.; Sorensen, Neil Robert

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Department of Energy Prepares for Hurricane Season | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Prepares for Hurricane Season Prepares for Hurricane Season Department of Energy Prepares for Hurricane Season May 30, 2006 - 10:50am Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Director of the Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability (OE) Kevin Kolevar today outlined a number of steps that the department is taking to prepare for hurricane season in the United States. Last year, Hurricanes Katrina and Rita knocked out electricity to a large portion of the Gulf Coast and damaged a number of oil and gas recovery platforms in the Gulf of Mexico and refineries along the shore. "Electricity and fuel are necessary to sustain the public's health and grow the nation's economy. After a disaster that shuts down energy supplies, the federal government, state and local leaders, and the industry need to

94

Fall: Energy Saving Changes with the Season | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Fall: Energy Saving Changes with the Season Fall: Energy Saving Changes with the Season Fall: Energy Saving Changes with the Season October 18, 2011 - 6:42am Addthis Andrea Spikes Communicator at DOE's National Renewable Energy Laboratory I'm sure you've noticed the change in seasons by now. Fall brings cooler weather, and with it my thoughts turn to warm things like putting blankets on the couch, enjoying my fireplace, and adjusting my thermostat (as little as possible, of course). One thing we did over the weekend is we insulated our water heater. Depending on how efficient your water heater tank is, adding insulation can reduce standby heat losses by 25%-45% and save you around 4%-9% in water heating costs. Since water heating contributes an average of 18% to the typical home utility bill, it's definitely worth it to add insulation!

95

NNSA Employees give back this holiday season | National Nuclear Security  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Employees give back this holiday season | National Nuclear Security Employees give back this holiday season | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Home > NNSA Blog > NNSA Employees give back this holiday season NNSA Employees give back this holiday season Posted By Office of Public Affairs NNSA celebrates the contributions of the men and women working across the

96

Diurnal Variations of Warm-Season Precipitation over Northern China  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study examines the diurnal variations of the warm-season precipitation over northern China using the high-resolution precipitation products obtained from the Climate Prediction Centers morphing technique (CMORPH) during MayAugust of 2003...

Huizhong He; Fuqing Zhang

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Oxygen isotope records of carboniferous seasonality on the Russian platform  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OXYGEN ISOTOPE RECORDS OF CARBONIFEROUS SEASONALITY ON THE RUSSIAN PLATFORM A Thesis by HUAYU WANG Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER... OF SCIENCE May 1998 Major Subject: Geology OXYGEN ISOTOPE RECORDS OF CARBONIFFROUS SEASONALITY ON THE RUSSIAN PLATFORM A Thesis by HUAYU WANG Submitted to Texas ARM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER...

Wang, Huayu

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

98

Bering Sea Chinook Salmon Seasonal Bycatch Report (includes CDQ)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

values are numbers of fish. Report run on: March 11, 2014 8:28 AM AFA BS Chinook Salmon AFA COOP 101 IPA,771 4,024 1,253 69% 0 Total 4,140 10,772 6,632 38% 0 BS Chinook Salmon AFA COOP 102 IPA Season Total BS Chinook Salmon AFA COOP 103 IPA Season Total Catch Allocation Remaining Allocation % Taken Last

99

Bering Sea Chinook Salmon Seasonal Bycatch Report (includes CDQ)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

values are numbers of fish. Report run on: March 11, 2014 5:05 AM AFA BS Chinook Salmon AFA COOP 101 IPA,255 4,024 769 81% 0 Total 4,632 10,772 6,140 43% 0 BS Chinook Salmon AFA COOP 102 IPA Season Total Catch Salmon AFA COOP 103 IPA Season Total Catch Allocation Remaining Allocation % Taken Last Week Catch A 609

100

Geographical and seasonal variability of the global practical wind resources  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper provides global and seasonal estimates of the practical wind power obtained with a 3-D numerical model (GATOR-GCMOM) that dynamically calculates the instantaneous wind power of a modern 5MW wind turbine at 100-m hub height at each time step. Practical wind power is defined as that delivered from wind turbines in high-wind locations (year-average 100-m wind speed?7m/s) over land and near-shore, excluding both polar regions, mountainous, and conflicting land use areas, and including transmission, distribution, and wind farm array losses. We found that seasonal variations in the global practical wind resources are significant. The highest net land plus near-shore capacity factors globally are found during DecemberJanuaryFebruary and the lowest during JuneJulyAugust. The capacity factors in the transitional seasons (MarchAprilMay and SeptemberOctoberNovember) are rather similar to one another in terms of geographical patterns and frequency distributions. The yearly-average distributions of capacity factors, whether in terms of geographic patterns or frequency distributions, differ from those in all four seasons, although they are closest to the transitional seasons. Regional practical wind resources are sensitive to seasons and to thresholds in year-average wind speed and bathymetry, but are more than enough to supply local electricity demand in all regions except Japan.

Cristina L. Archer; Mark Z. Jacobson

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "median normal seasonal" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

direct normal irradiance | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

normal irradiance normal irradiance Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for horizontal and tilted flat-plates, and 2-axis tracking concentrating collectors. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to solar collectors. Source NREL Date Released July 31st, 2006 (8 years ago) Date Updated October 30th, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords direct normal irradiance DNI GEF GHI GIS global horizontal irradiance insolation latitutde tilt irradiance NASA NREL South America SWERA TILT UNEP Data application/zip icon Download Shapefile and Cell Maps (zip, 13.9 MiB) text/csv icon Download Data (csv, 3.5 MiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage

102

ARM - Measurement - Shortwave broadband direct normal irradiance  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

normal irradiance normal irradiance ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Shortwave broadband direct normal irradiance The rate at which radiant energy in broad bands of wavelengths shorter than approximately 4{mu}m, that comes directly from the Sun without being scattered or absorbed in the atmosphere, passes through a unit area perpendicular to the direction from the Sun. Categories Radiometric Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. ARM Instruments

103

Handbook of normal frames and coordinates  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The main subject of the book is an up-to-date and in-depth survey of the theory of normal frames and coordinates in differential geometry. The book can be used as a reference manual, review of the existing results and introduction to some new ideas and developments. In the book can be found practically all existing essential results and methods concerning normal frames and coordinates. Most of the results are represented in full detail with full, in some cases new, proofs. All classical results are expanded and generalized in various directions. Theorems of existence, uniqueness and, possibly, holonomicity of the normal frames and coordinates are proved; mostly, the proofs are constructive and some their parts can be used independently for other tasks. Besides published results, their extensions and generalizations, the book contains completely new results which appear for the first time.

Bozhidar Z. Iliev

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Differentiated state of normal and malignant cells or how to define a normal cell in culture  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Described are cytological techniques to differentiate malignant and normal cells in culture. Emphasis is placed upon cell function and gene expression for determinative procedures. (DLS)

Bissell, M.J.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Seasonality in the Natural Gas Balancing Item: Historical Trends and  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Analysis > Seasonality in the Natural Gas Balancing Item: Historical Trends and Corrective Measures Analysis > Seasonality in the Natural Gas Balancing Item: Historical Trends and Corrective Measures Seasonality in the Natural Gas Balancing Item: Historical Trends and Corrective Measures Released: June 4, 2010 Download Full Report (PDF) This special report examines an underlying cause of the seasonal pattern in the balancing item published in the Natural Gas Monthly. Research finds that a significant portion of data collected on EIA’s primary monthly natural gas consumption survey reflects billing data that does not strictly coincide with the actual calendar month, which creates an aggregate-level discrepancy with EIA’s other natural gas supply and disposition data series. This discrepancy is especially observable during the fall and spring as one transitions into and out of the winter heating season. The report also outlines improved data collection and estimation procedures that will be implemented later this year to more closely align reported and actual calendar month consumption. This discussion will be helpful to users of EIA’s volumetric natural gas data. Questions about this report should be directed to Andy Hoegh at andrew.hoegh@eia.doe.gov or (202) 586-9502.

106

3190 Week 43190 Week 4 Sampling & Normal probability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

3190 Week 43190 Week 4 Sampling & Normal probability UNT Geog 3190, Wolverton 1 #12;Normality to assume normalityWe would like to be able to assume normality ­ Then we can use parametric statistics a relationship ­ More powerful because we can use the normal probability distribution to make predictions

Wolverton, Steve

107

DOE Prepares for the 2007 Hurricane Season | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Prepares for the 2007 Hurricane Season Prepares for the 2007 Hurricane Season DOE Prepares for the 2007 Hurricane Season May 30, 2007 - 1:25pm Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today outlined a number of steps that the Department is taking to strengthen its hurricane response system in the United States. Since Hurricanes Katrina and Rita in 2005, DOE has made operational and administrative improvements, including coordination between federal, state and local leaders, deployment of trained staff, and improvements to modeling tools. "Bringing power back online is a critical step in recovering and rebuilding from a disaster and the Department of Energy stands ready to help coordinate fuel delivery to affected areas and remove barriers in energy recovery efforts," Alex de Alvarez, DOE Deputy Director of the Office of

108

Cruising to Energy Savings This Summer Driving Season | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Cruising to Energy Savings This Summer Driving Season Cruising to Energy Savings This Summer Driving Season Cruising to Energy Savings This Summer Driving Season May 11, 2010 - 7:30am Addthis Eric Barendsen Energy Technology Program Specialist, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy My dad is obsessed with fuel efficiency. I joked with him on a recent road trip that when he retires, he'll have more time to pursue his dream career as a fuel-economy promoter. Well guess what, I just found the treasure trove of information on smart driving that's going to make his whole week-it's at fueleconomy.gov. Now, I know we've blogged on this in the past. But it's been a while, and this stuff is good to keep fresh in your mind as the price of gasoline creeps up this summer. The site provides information on everything

109

ARM - Publications: Science Team Meeting Documents: Seasonal Dependance of  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Seasonal Dependance of the Infrared Land Surface Emissivity in the Vicinity Seasonal Dependance of the Infrared Land Surface Emissivity in the Vicinity of the ARM SGP Central Facility Knuteson, Robert University Of Wisconsin Feltz, Wayne University of Wisconsin Revercomb, Henry University Of Wisconsin-Madison Tobin, David University of Wisconsin-Madison Satellite observations have been used to derive a seasonal dependance of the infrared land surface emissivity in the vicinity of the ARM Southern Great Plains (SGP) Central Facility site. In particular, the observations of the Atmospheric InfraRed Sounder (AIRS) on the NASA EOS Aqua platform have been used over the two year period from Sept 2002 to Sept 2004 to derive spectra of IR land surface emissivity across the IR window regions. These satellite observations have been used to empirically fit the

110

DOE Prepares for the 2007 Hurricane Season | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

DOE Prepares for the 2007 Hurricane Season DOE Prepares for the 2007 Hurricane Season DOE Prepares for the 2007 Hurricane Season May 30, 2007 - 1:25pm Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today outlined a number of steps that the Department is taking to strengthen its hurricane response system in the United States. Since Hurricanes Katrina and Rita in 2005, DOE has made operational and administrative improvements, including coordination between federal, state and local leaders, deployment of trained staff, and improvements to modeling tools. "Bringing power back online is a critical step in recovering and rebuilding from a disaster and the Department of Energy stands ready to help coordinate fuel delivery to affected areas and remove barriers in energy recovery efforts," Alex de Alvarez, DOE Deputy Director of the Office of

111

Frostbite Theater - Just for Fun - Season One Bloopers  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Jefferson Lab Open House (2010) Jefferson Lab Open House (2010) Previous Video (Jefferson Lab Open House (2010)) Frostbite Theater Main Index Next Video (Season Two Bloopers) Season Two Bloopers Season One Bloopers Filming videos isn't as easy as it may seem. Mistakes happen. Often. Here is a sampling of what went wrong while filming our first set of experiments. Enjoy! [ Show Transcript ] Announcer: Frostbite Theater presents... Cold Cuts! No baloney! Joanna and Steve: Just science! Joanna: Hi! I'm Joanna! Steve: And I'm Steve! Joanna: I hope you've enjoyed watching this first set of videos that we've put together. Now, as surprising as it may seem, things don't always go quite as we expect them to. So, if you enjoy watching people mess up their lines... Steve: ...or things not working as they should.

112

Surveillance Guide - MAS 10.3 Seasonal Preparation  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

SEASONAL PREPARATION SEASONAL PREPARATION 1.0 Objective The objective of this surveillance is to verify that the contractor is implementing appropriate measures to protect equipment and systems from damage due to the effects of cold weather. The Facility Representative evaluates systems necessary for the protection of the public and workers to determine if they have been adequately prepared for cold weather. The Facility Representative also examines other preparations for cold weather to ensure that materials are properly stored, permanent and auxiliary heating systems are functional, and other appropriate preparations have been completed. During the surveillance, the Facility Representative ensures that applicable DOE requirements have been implemented.

113

Forecasting intraday time series with multiple seasonal cycles using parsimonious seasonal exponential smoothing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper concerns the forecasting of seasonal intraday time series that exhibit repeating intraweek and intraday cycles. A recently proposed exponential smoothing method involves smoothing a different intraday cycle for each distinct type of day of the week. Similar days are allocated identical intraday cycles. A limitation is that the method allows only whole days to be treated as identical. We introduce a new exponential smoothing formulation that allows parts of different days of the week to be treated as identical. The result is a method that involves the smoothing and initialisation of fewer terms. We evaluate forecasting up to a day ahead using two empirical studies. For electricity load data, the new method compares well with a range of alternatives. The second study involves a series of arrivals at a call centre that is open for a shorter duration at the weekends than on weekdays. Among the variety of methods considered, the new method is the only one that can model in a satisfactory way in this situation, where the number of periods on each day of the week is not the same.

James W. Taylor; Ralph D. Snyder

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Termination of a Major Normal Fault | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Termination of a Major Normal Fault: Major normal fault terminations or tip-lines sometimes split into multiple closely-spaced faults that result in increased...

115

Used Nuclear Fuel Loading and Structural Performance Under Normal...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

deterministic evaluations of moderate-to-high burnup used nuclear fuel (UNF) mechanical performance under normal conditions of storage (NCS) and normal conditions of...

116

Essential epidemiological mechanisms underpinning the transmission dynamics of seasonal influenza  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...age-structured model with non-random...multiple strains|model comparison| 1...subtypes are hard to predict [1]. Understanding...2]. The initial outbreak of this novel H1N1...resolution to fit such a model are not available...characteristics of seasonal flu epidemics and hence...

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

2011 Colorado Wildfire Season September 12, 2011 Weekly Update  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Page 1 2011 Colorado Wildfire Season September 12, 2011 Weekly Update About this report: This weekly wildfire report is provided by the Colorado State Forest Service to keep you current on the fire situation in Colorado. The report will be released every Monday from May 2 to Oct. 24, along with daily

Hardy, Darel

118

Marriage, Rank, and Seasonal Migration: Fractality in Social Structure  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Chapter 7 Marriage, Rank, and Seasonal Migration: Fractality in Social Structure Every society and practices to see most clearly principles that are in place and how competing claims, including rank and leadership, are negotiated or resolved. For the nomad clan the principles of rank and equality are often

White, Douglas R.

119

Seasonal glacier melt contribution to streamflow Neil Schaner  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

extent and water storage globally have lead to concerns about the implications for water supplies to seasonal streamflow by computing the energy balance of glaciers globally. Melt water quantities%) of streamflow, mostly in the High Asia region. One sixth of the world's population, and one quarter of its gross

Washington at Seattle, University of

120

How do variations in seasonality affect population Electronic Supplementary Material  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

How do variations in seasonality affect population cycles? Electronic Supplementary Material Rachel is the Holling Type II functional form which incorporates handling time of prey. The predators have a logistic the procedure in Taylor et al. (2012). The bifurcation diagrams were created using essentially standard

Sherratt, Jonathan A.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "median normal seasonal" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Radiative forcing from aircraft NOx emissions: Mechanisms and seasonal dependence  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

dependence. The long-term globally integrated annual mean net forcing calculated here is approximately zero, related to the annual cycle in photochemistry; the O3 radiative forcing calculations also have a seasonal, although earlier work suggests a small net positive forcing. The model design (e.g., upper tropospheric

122

On the Strong Seasonal Currents in the Deep Ocean  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Using a set of models, including one with a resolution of , several aspects of the simulated seasonal currents in the deep ocean are considered. It is shown that over vast areas of the deep interior, particularly in the Indian Ocean, annual-...

Oleg A. Saenko

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

SEASONAL RECLAIMED WATER QUALITY; AN ASSESSMENT OFQUALITY; AN ASSESSMENT OF  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and disinfect anyy microorganisms that may be present The majority of Recycled water produced in ArizonaSEASONAL RECLAIMED WATER QUALITY; AN ASSESSMENT OFQUALITY; AN ASSESSMENT OF BIOLOGICAL VARIABILITY Ch h M R k Ph D W t Q lit S i li tChannah M. Rock, Ph.D., Water Quality Specialist James Walworth, Ph

Fay, Noah

124

Seasonal Forecasting of Extreme Wind and Precipitation Frequencies in Europe  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Seasonal Forecasting of Extreme Wind and Precipitation Frequencies in Europe Matthew J. Swann;Abstract Flood and wind damage to property and livelihoods resulting from extreme precipitation events variability of these extreme events can be closely related to the large-scale atmospheric circulation

Feigon, Brooke

125

Seasonal versus Episodic Performance Evaluation for an Eulerian Photochemical Air Quality Model  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This study presents detailed evaluation of the seasonal and episodic performance of the Community Multiscale Air Quality (CMAQ) modeling system applied to simulate air quality at a fine grid spacing (4 km horizontal resolution) in central California, where ozone air pollution problems are severe. A rich aerometric database collected during the summer 2000 Central California Ozone Study (CCOS) is used to prepare model inputs and to evaluate meteorological simulations and chemical outputs. We examine both temporal and spatial behaviors of ozone predictions. We highlight synoptically driven high-ozone events (exemplified by the four intensive operating periods (IOPs)) for evaluating both meteorological inputs and chemical outputs (ozone and its precursors) and compare them to the summer average. For most of the summer days, cross-domain normalized gross errors are less than 25% for modeled hourly ozone, and normalized biases are between {+-}15% for both hourly and peak (1 h and 8 h) ozone. The domain-wide aggregated metrics indicate similar performance between the IOPs and the whole summer with respect to predicted ozone and its precursors. Episode-to-episode differences in ozone predictions are more pronounced at a subregional level. The model performs consistently better in the San Joaquin Valley than other air basins, and episodic ozone predictions there are similar to the summer average. Poorer model performance (normalized peak ozone biases <-15% or >15%) is found in the Sacramento Valley and the Bay Area and is most noticeable in episodes that are subject to the largest uncertainties in meteorological fields (wind directions in the Sacramento Valley and timing and strength of onshore flow in the Bay Area) within the boundary layer.

Jin, Ling; Brown, Nancy J.; Harley, Robert A.; Bao, Jian-Wen; Michelson, Sara A; Wilczak, James M

2010-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

126

Seasonal variations in N2O emissions from central California  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Seasonal variations in N2O emissions from central California Seasonal variations in N2O emissions from central California Title Seasonal variations in N2O emissions from central California Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2012 Authors Jeong, Seongeun, Chuanfeng Zhao, Arlyn E. Andrews, Edward J. Dlugokencky, Colm Sweeney, Laura Bianco, James M. Wilczak, and Marc L. Fischer Journal Geophysical Research Letters Volume 39 Issue 16 Keywords atmospheric transport, inverse modeling, nitrous oxide Abstract We estimate nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions from Central California for the period of December 2007 through November 2009 by comparing N2O mixing ratios measured at a tall tower (Walnut Grove, WGC) with transport model predictions based on two global a priori N2O emission models (EDGAR32 and EDGAR42). Atmospheric particle trajectories and surface footprints are computed using the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) and Stochastic Time-Inverted Lagrangian Transport (STILT) models. Regression analyses show that the slopes of predicted on measured N2O from both emission models are low, suggesting that actual N2O emissions are significantly higher than the EDGAR inventories for all seasons. Bayesian inverse analyses of regional N2O emissions show that posterior annual N2O emissions are larger than both EDGAR inventories by factors of 2.0 ± 0.4 (EDGAR32) and 2.1 ± 0.4 (EDGAR42) with seasonal variation ranging from 1.6 ± 0.3 to 2.5 ± 0.4 for an influence region of Central California within approximately 150 km of the tower. These results suggest that if the spatial distribution of N2O emissions in California follows the EDGAR emission models, then actual emissions are 2.7 ± 0.5 times greater than the current California emission inventory, and total N2O emissions account for 8.1 ± 1.4% of total greenhouse gas emissions from California.

127

The effects of early season and late season prescribed fires on small mammals in a Sierra Nevada mixed conifer forest  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Prescribed fire is an important management tool used in the restoration of Sierra Nevada mixed conifer forests where fire has been suppressed over the last century. It is not well known, however, how the timing of prescribed fire affects wildlife populations. We used model selection and multi-model inference methods to compare the effects of early (spring and early summer) and late (late summer and fall) season prescribed fires on small mammal populations, based on 4 years of mark-recapture data collected in Sequoia National Park, California. The effects of prescribed fires on four small mammal metrics were evaluated: deer mouse (Peromyscus maniculatus) densities, deer mouse age ratios, lodgepole chipmunk (Neotamias speciosus) densities, and total small mammal biomass. For each of these four metrics, the top ranked model in the evaluation of prescribed fire treatment effects contained no prescribed fire effects, but did contain effects of strong year-to-year variation in populations. Models which predicted that fire effects differed depending on the season of fire received only limited support for each of the four metrics. Our results suggest that initial prescribed fires set during the early season will have similar impacts as late season fires on deer mouse populations, lodgepole chipmunk populations, and total small mammal biomass in Sierra Nevada mixed conifer forests.

Michelle E. Monroe; Sarah J. Converse

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Seasonal Tropical Cyclone Predictions Using Optimized Combinations of ENSO Regions: Application to the Coral Sea Basin  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study examines combining ENSO sea surface temperature (SST) regions for seasonal prediction of Coral Sea tropical cyclone (TC) frequency. The Coral Sea averages ~4 TCs per season, but is characterized by strong interannual variability, with 1...

Hamish A. Ramsay; Michael B. Richman; Lance M. Leslie

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Skillful Seasonal Prediction of the Southern Annular Mode and Antarctic Ozone  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Using a set of seasonal hindcast simulations produced by the Met Office Global Seasonal Forecast System, version 5 (GloSea5), significant predictability of the southern annular mode (SAM) is demonstrated during the austral spring. The correlation ...

William J. M. Seviour; Steven C. Hardiman; Lesley J. Gray; Neal Butchart; Craig MacLachlan; Adam A. Scaife

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Improving Seasonal Forecast Skill of North American Surface Air Temperature in Fall Using a Postprocessing Method  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A statistical postprocessing approach is applied to seasonal forecasts of surface air temperatures (SAT) over North America in fall, when the original uncalibrated predictions have little skill. The data used are ensemble-mean seasonal forecasts ...

XiaoJing Jia; Hai Lin; Jacques Derome

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Heavy Daily Precipitation Frequency over the Contiguous United States: Sources of Climatic Variability and Seasonal Predictability  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

By matching large-scale patterns in climate fields with patterns in observed station precipitation, this work explores seasonal predictability of precipitation in the contiguous United States for all seasons. Although it is shown that total ...

Alexander Gershunov; Daniel R. Cayan

2003-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Apex or Salient of Normal Fault | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Apex or Salient of Normal Fault Apex or Salient of Normal Fault Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Print PDF Apex or Salient of Normal Fault Dictionary.png Apex or Salient of Normal Fault: Normal faults may intersect in the subsurface to form a fault apex or salient. Apices or salients of normal faults account for 3% of structural controls in the Great Basin. Other definitions:Wikipedia Reegle Controlling Structures List of controlling structures typically associated with geothermal systems: Major Normal Fault Termination of a Major Normal Fault Stepover or Relay Ramp in Normal Fault Zones Apex or Salient of Normal Fault Fault Intersection Accommodation Zone Displacement Transfer Zone Pull-Apart in Strike-Slip Fault Zone Intrusion Margins and Associated Fractures Stratigraphic Boundaries

133

Seasonal variation of CH4 emissions from central California  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Seasonal variation of CH4 emissions from central California Seasonal variation of CH4 emissions from central California Title Seasonal variation of CH4 emissions from central California Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2012 Authors Jeong, Seongeun, Chuanfeng Zhao, Arlyn E. Andrews, Laura Bianco, James M. Wilczak, and Marc L. Fischer Journal Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres Volume 117 Issue D11 Keywords atmospheric transport, emission inventory, greenhouse gas, inverse model, methane Abstract We estimate seasonal variations in methane (CH4) emissions from central California from December 2007 through November 2008 by comparing CH4 mixing ratios measured at a tall tower with transport model predictions based on a global 1° a priori CH4emissions map (EDGAR32) and a 10 km seasonally varying California-specific map, calibrated to statewide by CH4emission totals. Atmospheric particle trajectories and surface footprints are computed using the Weather Research and Forecasting and Stochastic Time-Inverted Lagrangian Transport models. Uncertainties due to wind velocity and boundary layer mixing depth are evaluated using measurements from radar wind profilers. CH4signals calculated using the EDGAR32 emission model are larger than those based on the California-specific model and in better agreement with measurements. However, Bayesian inverse analyses using the California-specific and EDGAR32 maps yield comparable annually averaged posterior CH4emissions totaling 1.55 ± 0.24 times and 1.84 ± 0.27 times larger than the California-specific prior emissions, respectively, for a region of central California within approximately 150 km of the tower. If these results are applicable across California, state total CH4 emissions would account for approximately 9% of state total greenhouse gas emissions. Spatial resolution of emissions within the region near the tower reveal seasonality expected from several biogenic sources, but correlations in the posterior errors on emissions from both prior models indicate that the tower footprints do not resolve spatial structure of emissions. This suggests that including additional towers in a measurement network will improve the regional specificity of the posterior estimates.

134

Seasonal changes in periphyton nitrogen fixation in a protected tropical wetland  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

urban development (e.g. phosphorous enrichment)? ReferenceSW (2000) Seasonality in phosphorous release rates from the

Vargas, Rodrigo; Novelo, E

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Analysis of seasonal and day-of-week traffic patterns at national parks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

seasonal and day-of-week traffic patterns exhibit consistency from one year to the next, the seasonal and day-of-week factors were compared across all five years. Using the Kruskal-Wallis test, it was determined that the seasonal and day-of-week factors...

Liggett, Lindsay Elizabeth

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

136

Seasonal Maize Forecasting for South Africa and Zimbabwe Derived from an Agroclimatological Model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Seasonal Maize Forecasting for South Africa and Zimbabwe Derived from an Agroclimatological Model, with a hindcast correlation over 16 seasons of 0.92 for South Africa and 0.62 for Zimbabwe. Over 17 seasons and actual maize water-stress in South Africa, and a correlation of 0.79 for the same relationship

Martin, Randall

137

Beijing Four Seasons Solar Power Technology Co Ltd | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Beijing Four Seasons Solar Power Technology Co Ltd Beijing Four Seasons Solar Power Technology Co Ltd Place Beijing, Beijing Municipality, China Sector Solar Product Company involved in selling solar power equipment in China. Coordinates 39.90601°, 116.387909° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":39.90601,"lon":116.387909,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

138

Cloud and Precipitation Fields Around Darwin in the Transition Season  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

and Precipitation Fields Around Darwin and Precipitation Fields Around Darwin in the Transition Season P. T. May Bureau of Meteorology Research Centre Melbourne, 3001, Victoria, Australia Introduction An interesting, and very relevant question, for the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program is how cloud characteristics and their seasonal and diurnal variation changes across the tropics. In particular, how does he cloud field around the new SRCS site compare with nearby regions. Thus, the aim of this study is to look at the characteristics of clouds and precipitation in the area around Darwin and to compare the cloud statistics estimated from geostationary meteorological satellite (GMS) satellite data with other nearby regions. Towards this end, GMS satellite imagery and radar data from

139

President Obama Visits DOE to Discuss Preparations for Hurricane Season |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

DOE to Discuss Preparations for Hurricane DOE to Discuss Preparations for Hurricane Season President Obama Visits DOE to Discuss Preparations for Hurricane Season May 16, 2013 - 6:22pm Addthis President Barack Obama listens to Acting Energy Secretary Daniel B. Poneman during a meeting with electric utility CEOs and trade association representatives at the Department of Energy in Washington, D.C., May 8, 2013. | Official White House Photo by Pete Souza. President Barack Obama listens to Acting Energy Secretary Daniel B. Poneman during a meeting with electric utility CEOs and trade association representatives at the Department of Energy in Washington, D.C., May 8, 2013. | Official White House Photo by Pete Souza. Rob Roberts Rob Roberts Director of Digital Strategy What are the key facts? Last week, President Obama visited the Department of Energy to meet

140

Corn Varieties in Texas : Their Regional and Seasonal Adaptation.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

presented in Progress Reports from Angleton, Denton, Beaumont, Troup, Beeville, Temple, Spur, Lubbock, Pecos, and Nacogdoches, and in Bulletin 276, "Corn Variety Experiments, Substation No. 3, Angleton." SCOPE OF THE BULLETIN Two of the most important... to both regional ' and seasonal variations. To determine the adaptation of varieties to these two influences a variety-date-of-planting test was instituted in 1918. This test has been conducted at eleven substations throughout the State, in most cases...

Mangelsdorf, Paul C. (Paul Christoph)

1929-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "median normal seasonal" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Meteorological characteristics associated with warm-season positive lightning events  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. . . . . . . . . 60 29 Percent-positive values vs. Showalter Index for pre-storm soundings, with the outlier in Figure 28 removed. . 61 30 Percent-positive values vs. Total Totals Index for pre-storm soundings. . . . . . 64 31 Percent-positive values vs. Total... lightning and others primarily positive. Percent-positive values also vary greatly by season, with winter thunderstorms exhibiting much more positive lightning (Orville and Silver 1997). Positive lightning was not known to exist until 60 years ago, when...

Heggen, Paul Michael

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

142

Seasonal structure of fish communities at three barrier island habitats  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

island ecosystems in the life cycle of these fishes must be better understood before we can effectively manage these important species. Previous studies (Reid 1955, Gunter 1958, Hellier 1962, HcFar land 1963, Pranks 1970, Livingston 1976, Naughton... Bay, Florida and the adjacent beachfront have been described by Naughton and Saloman (1978). Franks (1970) studied species composition and relative abundance of' the fish population inland of Horn Island, Mississippi. Seasonality of' fishes...

Pitts, Donald Eugene

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

143

Hurricane Season: Restoring Power after a Big Storm | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Hurricane Season: Restoring Power after a Big Storm Hurricane Season: Restoring Power after a Big Storm Hurricane Season: Restoring Power after a Big Storm June 5, 2012 - 4:01pm Addthis Hurricane Irene made landfall on the coast of North Carolina as a Category 1 hurricane during the 2011 Atlantic hurricane season. It was the ninth named storm, first hurricane, and first major hurricane of the 2011 hurricane season. | Photo courtesy of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Hurricane Irene made landfall on the coast of North Carolina as a Category 1 hurricane during the 2011 Atlantic hurricane season. It was the ninth named storm, first hurricane, and first major hurricane of the 2011 hurricane season. | Photo courtesy of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. William Bryan William Bryan

144

Normalization and missing value imputation for label-free LC...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Normalization and missing value imputation for label-free LC-MS analysis. Normalization and missing value imputation for label-free LC-MS analysis. Abstract: Shotgun proteomic data...

145

Smith Normal Form a possible basis for an  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Smith Normal Form ­ a possible basis for an SVD ­ like code construction? (Semester Project I) Name.7 The Smith Normal Form . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 3 Detailed treatment of the possibilities to use Smith's Normal Form for coding 14 3.1 Introduction

Henkel, Werner

146

EIGENVALUES AND THE SMITH NORMAL FORM Joseph J. Rushanan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EIGENVALUES AND THE SMITH NORMAL FORM Joseph J. Rushanan The MITRE Corporation, M/S E025, Bedford, MA 01730 Abstract. Results are shown that compare the Smith Normal Form (SNF) over the integers and its Smith Normal Form (SNF) over the integers. Our goals are more general than those results

Rushanan, Joe J.

147

Computation of Hermite and Smith Normal Forms of Matrices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Computation of Hermite and Smith Normal Forms of Matrices; Abstract We study the problem of computing Hermite and Smith normal forms of ma- trices over. One first result is a fast Las Vegas probabilistic algorithm to compute the * *Smith normal form

Storjohann, Arne

148

Computation of Hermite and Smith Normal Forms of Matrices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Computation of Hermite and Smith Normal Forms of Matrices by Arne Storjohann A thesis presented the problem of computing Hermite and Smith normal forms of ma­ trices over principal ideal domains. The main probabilistic algorithm to compute the Smith normal form of a polynomial matrix for those cases where pre

Storjohann, Arne

149

The seasonality of aerosol properties in Big Bend National Park  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

growth cycle present in the daily averaged 32 Day (December 2003) Dp (um) Day (December 2003) Dp (um) Day (January 2004) Dp (um) Day (January 2004) Dp (um) Day (June 2003) Dp (um) Day (June 2003) Dp (um) Day (April 2003) Dp (um) Day (April 2003) Dp... (um) Day (December 2003) Dp (um) Day (December 2003) Dp (um) Day (January 2004) Dp (um) Day (January 2004) Dp (um) Day (June 2003) Dp (um) Day (June 2003) Dp (um) Day (April 2003) Dp (um) Day (April 2003) Dp (um) Fig. 12. Seasonal aerosol number...

Allen, Christopher Lee

2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

150

Seasonal frequency of ciguatoxic barracuda in southwest Puerto Rico  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Ciguatoxicity of barracuda (Sphyraena barracuda) head, viscera and flesh tissues has been determined in 219 specimens caught along the southwest coast of Puerto Rico from March 1985 through May 1987. Twenty-nine percent of these specimens were toxic. Monthly frequencies of ciguatoxic barracuda showed an apparent seasonal variability, with peak values (6070% toxic fish) in the late winter-early spring (JanuaryMay) and fall (AugustNovember). Minimal frequencies (010% toxic fish) were observed during JuneJuly and December. The most frequently toxic tissues in poisonous animals were the viscera and head. Viscera tissue was the only toxic tissue found in 31% of the posionous fish assayed, and this tissue was poisonous in all toxic fish. In no case was a poisonous specimen found to have toxic flesh alone. Marked temporal variation in frequency of ciguatoxicity suggests that ciguatera toxins, at least in their active form, are not accumulated in barracuda tissues for extended periods of time. Variability in barracuda ciguatoxicity may reflect fluctuations in the toxicity of smaller reef fish prey, seasonal fluctuations in toxic benthic dinoflagellates and/or changes in the ability of the barracuda to detoxify ingested poisons or their precursors.

T.R. Tosteson; D.L. Ballantine; H.D. Durst

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Decadal to seasonal variability of Arctic sea ice albedo  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A controlling factor in the seasonal and climatological evolution of the sea ice cover is its albedo $\\alpha$. Here we analyze Arctic data from the Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) Polar Pathfinder and assess the seasonality and variability of broadband albedo from a 23 year daily record. We produce a histogram of daily albedo over ice covered regions in which the principal albedo transitions are seen; high albedo in late winter and spring, the onset of snow melt and melt pond formation in the summer, and fall freeze up. The bimodal late summer distribution demonstrates the combination of the poleward progression of the onset of melt with the coexistence of perennial bare ice with melt ponds and open water, which then merge to a broad peak at $\\alpha \\gtrsim $ 0.5. We find the interannual variability to be dominated by the low end of the $\\alpha$ distribution, highlighting the controlling influence of the ice thickness distribution and large-scale ice edge dynamics. The statistics obtained pro...

Agarwal, S; Wettlaufer, J S

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Seasonal energy storage using bioenergy production from abandoned croplands  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Bioenergy has the unique potential to provide a dispatchable and carbon-negative component to renewable energy portfolios. However, the sustainability, spatial distribution, and capacity for bioenergy are critically dependent on highly uncertain land-use impacts of biomass agriculture. Biomass cultivation on abandoned agriculture lands is thought to reduce land-use impacts relative to biomass production on currently used croplands. While coarse global estimates of abandoned agriculture lands have been used for large-scale bioenergy assessments, more practical technological and policy applications will require regional, high-resolution information on land availability. Here, we present US county-level estimates of the magnitude and distribution of abandoned cropland and potential bioenergy production on this land using remote sensing data, agriculture inventories, and land-use modeling. These abandoned land estimates are 61% larger than previous estimates for the US, mainly due to the coarse resolution of data applied in previous studies. We apply the land availability results to consider the capacity of biomass electricity to meet the seasonal energy storage requirement in a national energy system that is dominated by wind and solar electricity production. Bioenergy from abandoned croplands can supply most of the seasonal storage needs for a range of energy production scenarios, regions, and biomass yield estimates. These data provide the basis for further down-scaling using models of spatially gridded land-use areas as well as a range of applications for the exploration of bioenergy sustainability.

J Elliott Campbell; David B Lobell; Robert C Genova; Andrew Zumkehr; Christopher B Field

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Asymptotic Expansions for Moments of Skew-Normal Extremes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

parameter R (written as X SN()) if its probability density function (pdf) is f(x) = 2(x)(x), - and Alam, 2011); population structure of Schima superba in Qingliangfeng National Nature Reserve (Liu et al-Mreri, 2011); modeling of seasonal rainfall in Africa (Siebert and Ward, 2011); modeling of HIV viral loads

Sidorov, Nikita

154

Fuel reduction and coarse woody debris dynamics with early season and late season prescribed fire in a Sierra Nevada mixed conifer forest  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Fire exclusion has led to an unnatural accumulation and greater spatial continuity of organic material on the ground in many forests. This material serves both as potential fuel for forest fires and habitat for a large array of forest species. Managers must balance fuel reduction to reduce wildfire hazard with fuel retention targets to maintain other forest functions. This study reports fuel consumption and changes to coarse woody debris attributes with prescribed burns ignited under different fuel moisture conditions. Replicated early season burn, late season burn, and unburned control plots were established in old-growth mixed conifer forest in Sequoia National Park that had not experienced fire for more than 120 years. Early season burns were ignited during June 2002 when fuels were relatively moist, and late season burns were ignited during September/October 2001 when fuels were dry. Fuel loading and coarse woody debris abundance, cover, volume, and mass were evaluated prior to and after the burns. While both types of burns reduced fuel loading, early season burns consumed significantly less of the total dead and down organic matter than late season burns (67% versus 88%). This difference in fuel consumption between burning treatments was significant for most all woody fuel components evaluated, plus the litter and duff layers. Many logs were not entirely consumed therefore the number of logs was not significantly changed by fire but burning did reduce log length, cover, volume, and mass. Log cover, volume, and mass were reduced to a lesser extent by early season burns than late season burns, as a result of higher wood moisture levels. Early season burns also spread over less of the ground surface within the burn perimeter (73%) than late season burns (88%), and were significantly patchier. Organic material remaining after a fire can dam sediments and reduce erosion, while unburned patches may help mitigate the impact of fire on fire-sensitive species by creating refugia from which these species can recolonize burned areas. Early season burns may be an effective means of moderating potential ecosystem damage when treating heavy and/or continuous fuels resulting from long periods of fire exclusion, if burning during this season is not detrimental to other forest functions.

Eric E. Knapp; Jon E. Keeley; Elizabeth A. Ballenger; Teresa J. Brennan

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

State of Maine residential heating oil survey 2001-02 season summary [SHOPP  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This, as the title implies, is a summary report of the price trends for heating oil, propane and kerosene heating fuels for the heating season.

Elder, Betsy

2002-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

156

Seasonal ambient air pollution correlates strongly with spontaneous abortion in Mongolia  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Air pollution is a major health challenge worldwide and ... association between spontaneous abortion and seasonal variation of air pollutants in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia.

Davaasambuu Enkhmaa; Nicole Warburton; Badrakh Javzandulam

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

SEASONAL THERMAL ENERGY STORAGE IN AQUIFERS-MATHEMATICAL MODELING STUDIES IN 1979  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Aquifer Thermal Energy Storage." Lawrence Berkeleythe Auburn University Thermal Energy Storage Experiment."LBL~l0208 SEASONAL THERMAL ENERGY STORAGE IN AQUIFERS~

Tsang, Chin Fu

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Influence of stand age on the magnitude and seasonality of carbon fluxes in Canadian forests  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

seasons lead to less carbon sequestration by a subalpineboreal forests to global carbon sequestration (Kurz et al. ,off- set point when carbon sequestration equals carbon loss

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

North Pacific carbon cycle response to climate variability on seasonal to decadal timescales  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the subarctic North Pacific Ocean, Global Biogeochem.of the tropical Pacific Ocean: I. Seasonal and interannualthe subtropical North Pacific Ocean, Nature, 424, 754 757.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Normal Agricultural Operations and Dove Hunting in Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: baiting Doves are migratory birds, and dove hunting is therefore regulated by the Federal Migratory Bird Treaty Act, which specifically prohibits baiting. Under federal law, baiting is the direct or indirect placing, exposing, depositing, distributing... considers this acceptable to hunt over. A problem arises, however, as to what constitutes a ?normal agricultural operation.? For the purpose of the Migratory Bird Treaty Act ?normal agricultural operation? means a normal agricultural planting...

Redmon, Larry

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "median normal seasonal" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Solar: annual and seasonal average global horizontal (GHI) GIS data  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

global horizontal (GHI) GIS data global horizontal (GHI) GIS data (contours) for Brazil from INPE and LABSOLAR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Annual and seasonal mean of Global Horizontal Solar Radiation in kWh/m2/day based on data from 1995 to 2002 (Purpose): To provide a set of consistent, reliable, verifiable, and accessible global data sets for international and in-country investors and other stakeholders (Supplemental Information): The cross-calibration process worked with data from 3 ground stations: Caicó (located in the Northeast of Brazil), Florianópolis (located in the South) and Balbina (located in Amazonia). These data have been used for validation and comparison of radiation transfer models operated in SWERA to estimate the incidence of solar radiation on the surface of the country from satellite images

162

E-Print Network 3.0 - astrocytes normalizes revascularization...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

search results for: astrocytes normalizes revascularization Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Brain Research 896 (2001) 8695 www.elsevier.comlocatebres Summary: Astrocytes are an ideal...

163

B-2 Bomber During In-flight Refueling Normal Heart  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

2 Bomber During In-flight Refueling Normal Heart Image Technology to Detect Concealed Nuclear Material in Trucks and Cargo Containers Single Abnormality Possible Heart Attack Disc...

164

Used Nuclear Fuel Loading and Structural Performance Under Normal...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Used Nuclear Fuel Loading and Structural Performance Under Normal Conditions of Transport - Modeling, Simulation and Experimental Integration RD&D Plan Used Nuclear Fuel Loading...

165

Aquifer thermal energy storage costs with a seasonal heat source.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The cost of energy supplied by an aquifer thermal energy storage (ATES) system from a seasonal heat source was investigated. This investigation considers only the storage of energy from a seasonal heat source. Cost estimates are based upon the assumption that all of the energy is stored in the aquifer before delivery to the end user. Costs were estimated for point demand, residential development, and multidistrict city ATES systems using the computer code AQUASTOR which was developed specifically for the economic analysis of ATES systems. In this analysis the cost effect of varying a wide range of technical and economic parameters was examined. Those parameters exhibiting a substantial influence on ATES costs were: cost of purchased thermal energy; cost of capital; source temperature; system size; transmission distance; and aquifer efficiency. ATES-delivered energy costs are compared with the costs of hot water heated by using electric power or fuel-oils. ATES costs are shown as a function of purchased thermal energy. Both the potentially low delivered energy costs available from an ATES system and its strong cost dependence on the cost of purchased thermal energy are shown. Cost components for point demand and multi-district city ATES systems are shown. Capital and thermal energy costs dominate. Capital costs, as a percentage of total costs, increase for the multi-district city due to the addition of a large distribution system. The proportion of total cost attributable to thermal energy would change dramatically if the cost of purchased thermal energy were varied. It is concluded that ATES-delivered energy can be cost competitive with conventional energy sources under a number of economic and technical conditions. This investigation reports the cost of ATES under a wide range of assumptions concerning parameters important to ATES economics. (LCL)

Reilly, R.W.; Brown, D.R.; Huber, H.D.

1981-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Direct and semi-direct radiative effects of anthropogenic aerosols in the Western United States: Seasonal  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

a regional climate model (RCM) in conjunction with the aerosol fields from a GEOS-Chem chemical- transport emissions and the seasonal low-level winds. The RCM-simulated anthropogenic aerosol radiative effects vary, respectively, following the seasonal AOD. In Arizona-New Mexico (AZNM), the effect of anthropogenic sulfates

Liou, K. N.

167

Management Options for Late-Season Hail Damaged Stripper Harvested Cotton Fields  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Management Options for Late-Season Hail Damaged Stripper Harvested Cotton Fields Extension Agronomy Cooperative Extension Agronomist ­ Cotton Lubbock, TX Dr. Robert Lemon Texas Cooperative Extension Agronomist ­ Cotton College Station, TX Late-season severe weather can result in significant hail damage to immature

Mukhtar, Saqib

168

Seasonal variations of global lightning activity extracted from Schumann resonances using a genetic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Seasonal variations of global lightning activity extracted from Schumann resonances using a genetic of Schumann resonances (SR). Comparison of the results derived from our FDTD model and the previous studies by other authors on related subjects shows that Schumann resonance is a good probe to indicate the seasonal

Pasko, Victor

169

Project EARTH-12-GMH4: The role and response of seasonal climate change in the Pleistocene  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Project EARTH-12-GMH4: The role and response of seasonal climate change in the Pleistocene at different climates. The first component of the project will be to assess these issues with field and lab the role that this seasonal change has played in the climate system. The project might subsequently develop

Henderson, Gideon

170

Seasonal controls on sediment delivery in a small coastal plain watershed, North Carolina, USA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Seasonal controls on sediment delivery in a small coastal plain watershed, North Carolina, USA of drainage ditch sedimentation and suspended sediment transport were used to construct a simple sediment to sediment dynamics in a small agricultural watershed in North Carolina. Results indicate that seasonal

Lecce, Scott A.

171

Interannual and seasonal variability of biomass burning emissions constrained by satellite observations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

--composition and chemistry; KEYWORDS: Biomass burning, interannual seasonal variation Citation: Duncan, B. N., R. V. Martin, A. C. Staudt, R. Yevich, and J. A. Logan, Interannual and seasonal variability of biomass burning [Malingreau, 1990; Stricker et al., 1995; Hsu et al., 1996; Cooke et al., 1996; Justice et al., 1996; Herman

Jacob, Daniel J.

172

Seasonal modulation of seismicity in the Himalaya of Nepal L. Bollinger,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Seasonal modulation of seismicity in the Himalaya of Nepal L. Bollinger,1 F. Perrier,2 J.-P. Avouac; accepted 19 March 2007; published 26 April 2007. [1] For the period 1995­2000, the Nepal seismic network. Sapkota, U. Gautam, and D. R. Tiwari (2007), Seasonal modulation of seismicity in the Himalaya of Nepal

Avouac, Jean-Philippe

173

Fecal coliform accumulation within a river subject to seasonally-disinfected wastewater discharges  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fecal coliform accumulation within a river subject to seasonally-disinfected wastewater discharges in the implications of seasonal disinfection practices of wastewater effluents for meeting water quality goals from municipal wastewater outfalls along the river, as well as upstream and downstream of each outfall

Mitch, William A.

174

Abrupt seasonal variation of the ITCZ and the Hadley circulation Yongyun Hu,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abrupt seasonal variation of the ITCZ and the Hadley circulation Yongyun Hu,1 Dawei Li,1 and Jiping of the Hadley circulation, we also examine whether there exists such an abrupt seasonal change in the Hadley circulation. It is found that the intensity of the Hadley cells evolves smoothly with time. However

Hu, Yongyun

175

Individualized 3D Reconstruction of Normal Tissue Dose for Patients With Long-term Follow-up: A Step Toward Understanding Dose Risk for Late Toxicity  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: Understanding the relationship between normal tissue dose and delayed radiation toxicity is an important component of developing more effective radiation therapy. Late outcome data are generally available only for patients who have undergone 2-dimensional (2D) treatment plans. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of 3D normal tissue dosimetry derived from reconstructed 2D treatment plans in Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL) patients. Methods and Materials: Three-dimensional lung, heart, and breast volumes were reconstructed from 2D planning radiographs for HL patients who received mediastinal radiation therapy. For each organ, a reference 3D organ was modified with patient-specific structural information, using deformable image processing software. Radiation therapy plans were reconstructed by applying treatment parameters obtained from patient records to the reconstructed 3D volumes. For each reconstructed organ mean dose (D{sub mean}) and volumes covered by at least 5 Gy (V{sub 5}) and 20Gy (V{sub 20}) were calculated. This process was performed for 15 patients who had both 2D and 3D planning data available to compare the reconstructed normal tissue doses with those derived from the primary CT planning data and also for 10 historically treated patients with only 2D imaging available. Results: For patients with 3D planning data, the normal tissue doses could be reconstructed accurately using 2D planning data. Median differences in D{sub mean} between reconstructed and actual plans were 0.18 Gy (lungs), -0.15 Gy (heart), and 0.30 Gy (breasts). Median difference in V{sub 5} and V{sub 20} were less than 2% for each organ. Reconstructed 3D dosimetry was substantially higher in historical mantle-field treatments than contemporary involved-field mediastinal treatments: average D{sub mean} values were 15.2 Gy vs 10.6 Gy (lungs), 27.0 Gy vs 14.3 Gy (heart), and 8.0 Gy vs 3.2 Gy (breasts). Conclusions: Three-dimensional reconstruction of absorbed dose to organs at risk can be estimated accurately many years after exposure by using limited 2D data. Compared to contemporary involved-field treatments, normal tissue doses were significantly higher in historical mantle-field treatments. These methods build capacity to quantify the relationship between 3D normal tissue dose and observed late effects.

Ng, Angela [Radiation Medicine Program, Princess Margaret Hospital, Toronto, Ontario (Canada)] [Radiation Medicine Program, Princess Margaret Hospital, Toronto, Ontario (Canada); Brock, Kristy K.; Sharpe, Michael B. [Radiation Medicine Program, Princess Margaret Hospital, Toronto, Ontario (Canada) [Radiation Medicine Program, Princess Margaret Hospital, Toronto, Ontario (Canada); Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario (Canada); Moseley, Joanne L. [Radiation Medicine Program, Princess Margaret Hospital, Toronto, Ontario (Canada)] [Radiation Medicine Program, Princess Margaret Hospital, Toronto, Ontario (Canada); Craig, Tim [Radiation Medicine Program, Princess Margaret Hospital, Toronto, Ontario (Canada) [Radiation Medicine Program, Princess Margaret Hospital, Toronto, Ontario (Canada); Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario (Canada); Hodgson, David C., E-mail: David.Hodgson@rmp.uhn.on.ca [Radiation Medicine Program, Princess Margaret Hospital, Toronto, Ontario (Canada); Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario (Canada)

2012-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

176

Conformal Deformation from Normal to Hermitian Random Matrix Ensembles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate the eigenvalues statistics of ensembles of normal random matrices when their order N tends to infinite. In the model the eigenvalues have uniform density within a region determined by a simple analytic polynomial curve. We study the conformal deformations of normal random ensembles to Hermitian random ensembles and give sufficient conditions for the latter to be a Wigner ensemble.

Alexei M. Veneziani; Tiago Pereira; Domingos H. U. Marchetti

2009-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

177

SMITH NORMAL FORM OF A MULTIVARIATE MATRIX ASSOCIATED WITH PARTITIONS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SMITH NORMAL FORM OF A MULTIVARIATE MATRIX ASSOCIATED WITH PARTITIONS CHRISTINE BESSENRODT polynomials, and by determining not only the deter- minant but also the Smith normal form of these matrices. A priori the Smith form need not exist but its existence follows from the explicit computation

178

Numerical algorithms for the computation of the Smith normal  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Numerical algorithms for the computation of the Smith normal form of integral matrices C of the Smith normal form of integral matrices are described. More specifically, the com­ pound matrix method of the algorithms. AMS Subject Classification: Primary 65F30, Secondary 15A21, 15A36. Key words and phrases: Smith

Seberry, Jennifer

179

Oil production models with normal rate curves Dudley Stark  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Oil production models with normal rate curves Dudley Stark School of Mathematical Sciences Queen;Abstract The normal curve has been used to fit the rate of both world and U.S.A. oil production. In this paper we give the first theoretical basis for these curve fittings. It is well known that oil field

Stark, Dudley

180

Normalized Auditory Attention Levels for Automatic Audio Surveillance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, subway train, sport stadium, etc). Keywords: Public security, audio surveillance, normalized auditoryNormalized Auditory Attention Levels for Automatic Audio Surveillance L. Couvreur, F. Bettens, J In this paper, we define features that can be computed along audio signals in order to assess the level

Dupont, Stéphane

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "median normal seasonal" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Frostbite Theater - Just for Fun - When Liquid Nitrogen Attacks! - Season 2  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Season One Bloopers Season One Bloopers Previous Video (Season One Bloopers) Frostbite Theater Main Index Next Video (Freezing Balloons!) Freezing Balloons! When Liquid Nitrogen Attacks! - Season 2 Bloopers Making videos is just another opportunity to catch mistakes on film! Enjoy these outtakes from Season 2! [ Show Transcript ] Announcer: Frostbite Theater presents... Cold Cuts! No baloney! Joanna and Steve: Just science! Joanna: Hi! I'm Joanna! Steve: And I'm Steve! Joanna: We made more videos! Steve: And we made more mistakes! Joanna: Enjoy! ----------------------------------------- Joanna: What happens when the freezing power of liquid nitrogen... Steve: Oh, jeez! Joanna: Oh, oh, oh! That was a little too much! Steve: You okay? Joanna: Uh, huh. I'm fine. Steve: This is why you wear the safety gear. This is why you have the

182

2014 Federal Benefits Open Season & Wellness Fair | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

2014 Federal Benefits Open Season & Wellness Fair 2014 Federal Benefits Open Season & Wellness Fair 2014 Federal Benefits Open Season & Wellness Fair November 19, 2013 11:00AM to 2:00PM EST Germantown, Auditorium The Fairs are free and open to All DOE Federal Employees. Accommodations for people with disabilities will be provided upon request. The Federal Benefits Open Season is Monday, November 11 to Monday, December 9, 2013 Open Season is your opportunity to make enrollment decisions for 2014 with respect to the Federal Employees Health Benefits Program (FEHB), the Federal Employees Dental and Vision Insurance Program (FEDVIP), and the Federal Flexible Spending Account Program (FSAFEDS). To assist employees in determining the health, dental, and vision benefit plans that best meet their needs, representatives from the various FEHB and

183

Used Nuclear Fuel Loading and Structural Performance Under Normal  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Nuclear Fuel Loading and Structural Performance Under Normal Nuclear Fuel Loading and Structural Performance Under Normal Conditions of Transport - Demonstration of Approach and Results of Used Fuel Performance Characterization Used Nuclear Fuel Loading and Structural Performance Under Normal Conditions of Transport - Demonstration of Approach and Results of Used Fuel Performance Characterization This report provides results of the initial demonstration of the modeling capability developed to perform preliminary deterministic evaluations of moderate-to-high burnup used nuclear fuel (UNF) mechanical performance under normal conditions of storage (NCS) and normal conditions of transport (NCT) conditions. This report also provides results from the sensitivity studies, and discussion on the long-term goals and objectives of this

184

Laser-induced differential normalized fluorescence method for cancer diagnosis  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An apparatus and method for cancer diagnosis are disclosed. The diagnostic method includes the steps of irradiating a tissue sample with monochromatic excitation light, producing a laser-induced fluorescence spectrum from emission radiation generated by interaction of the excitation light with the tissue sample, and dividing the intensity at each wavelength of the laser-induced fluorescence spectrum by the integrated area under the laser-induced fluorescence spectrum to produce a normalized spectrum. A mathematical difference between the normalized spectrum and an average value of a reference set of normalized spectra which correspond to normal tissues is calculated, which provides for amplifying small changes in weak signals from malignant tissues for improved analysis. The calculated differential normalized spectrum is correlated to a specific condition of a tissue sample. 5 figs.

Vo-Dinh, T.; Panjehpour, M.; Overholt, B.F.

1996-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

185

Laser-induced differential normalized fluorescence method for cancer diagnosis  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An apparatus and method for cancer diagnosis are disclosed. The diagnostic method includes the steps of irradiating a tissue sample with monochromatic excitation light, producing a laser-induced fluorescence spectrum from emission radiation generated by interaction of the excitation light with the tissue sample, and dividing the intensity at each wavelength of the laser-induced fluorescence spectrum by the integrated area under the laser-induced fluorescence spectrum to produce a normalized spectrum. A mathematical difference between the normalized spectrum and an average value of a reference set of normalized spectra which correspond to normal tissues is calculated, which provides for amplifying small changes in weak signals from malignant tissues for improved analysis. The calculated differential normalized spectrum is correlated to a specific condition of a tissue sample.

Vo-Dinh, Tuan (Knoxville, TN); Panjehpour, Masoud (Knoxville, TN); Overholt, Bergein F. (Knoxville, TN)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

SEASONAL DISAPPEARANCE OF FAR-INFRARED HAZE IN TITAN'S STRATOSPHERE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A far-infrared emission band attributed to volatile or refractory haze in Titan's stratosphere has been decreasing in intensity since Cassini's arrival in 2004. The 220 cm{sup -1} feature, first seen by the Voyager Infrared Interferometer Spectrometer, has only been found in Titan's winter polar region. The emission peaks at about 140 km altitude near the winter stratospheric temperature minimum. Observations recorded over the period 2004-2012 by the Composite Infrared Spectrometer on Cassini show a decrease in the intensity of this feature by about a factor of four. Possible seasonal causes of this decline are an increase in photolytic destruction of source chemicals at high altitude, a lessening of condensation as solar heating increased, or a weakening of downwelling of vapors. As of early 2012, the 220 cm{sup -1} haze has not yet been detected in the south. The haze composition is unknown, but its decrease is similar to that of HC{sub 3}N gas in Titan's polar stratosphere, pointing to a nitrile origin.

Jennings, Donald E.; Anderson, C. M.; Flasar, F. M.; Cottini, V. [Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States); Samuelson, R. E.; Nixon, C. A.; Kunde, V. G.; Achterberg, R. K. [Department of Astronomy, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742 (United States); De Kok, R. [SRON Netherlands Institute for Space Research, Sorbonnelaan 2, 3584 CA Utrecht (Netherlands); Coustenis, A.; Vinatier, S. [LESIA, Observatoire de Paris-Meudon, 92195 Meudon Cedex (France); Calcutt, S. B., E-mail: donald.e.jennings@nasa.gov [Department of Physics, University of Oxford, Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3PU (United Kingdom)

2012-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

187

Each cotton season presents it own unique challenges. Crop management decisions are largely based on current conditions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Each cotton season presents it own unique challenges. Crop management decisions are largely based of the early growth and development of a cotton crop can provide an objective gauge to evaluate this crop's progress, regardless of the season's challenges. Compared to most plants, cotton's early season growth

Mukhtar, Saqib

188

Chemical And Isotopic Investigation Of Warm Springs Associated With Normal  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Isotopic Investigation Of Warm Springs Associated With Normal Isotopic Investigation Of Warm Springs Associated With Normal Faults In Utah Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: Chemical And Isotopic Investigation Of Warm Springs Associated With Normal Faults In Utah Details Activities (3) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: Thermal springs associated with normal faults in Utah have been analyzed for major cations and anions, and oxygen and hydrogen isotopes. Springs with measured temperatures averaging greater than 40°C are characterized by Na + K- and SO4 + Cl-rich waters containing 103 to 104 mg/l of dissolved solids. Lower temperature springs, averaging less than 40°C, are more enriched in Ca + Mg relative to Na + K. Chemical variations monitored through time in selected thermal springs are probably produced by

189

Dating of major normal fault systems using thermochronology- An example  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Dating of major normal fault systems using thermochronology- An example Dating of major normal fault systems using thermochronology- An example from the Raft River detachment, Basin and Range, western United States Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: Dating of major normal fault systems using thermochronology- An example from the Raft River detachment, Basin and Range, western United States Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: Application of thermochronological techniques to major normal fault systems can resolve the timing of initiation and duration of extension, rates of motion on detachment faults, timing of ductile mylonite formation and passage of rocks through the crystal-plastic to brittle transition, and multiple events of extensional unroofing. Here we determine

190

Definition: Apex or Salient of Normal Fault | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Definition Definition Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Definition: Apex or Salient of Normal Fault Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Apex or Salient of Normal Fault Normal faults may intersect in the subsurface to form a fault apex or salient. Apices or salients of normal faults account for 3% of structural controls in the Great Basin.[2] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition References ↑ James E. Faulds,Nicholas H. Hinz,Mark F. Coolbaugh,Patricia H. Cashman,Christopher Kratt,Gregory Dering,Joel Edwards,Brett Mayhew,Holly McLachlan. 2011. Assessment of Favorable Structural Settings of Geothermal Systems in the Great Basin, Western USA. In: Transactions. GRC Anual Meeting; 2011/10/23; San Diego, CA. Davis, CA: Geothermal Resources Council; p. 777-783

191

Activity Stream - Brazil Direct Normal Solar Radiation Model...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Dataset Activity Stream Activity Stream Jay Huggins updated the dataset Brazil Direct Normal Solar Radiation Model (10km) from INPE and LABSOLAR 6 days ago Jay Huggins added the...

192

Deconvolution in Random Effects Models via Normal Mixtures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This dissertation describes a minimum distance method for density estimation when the variable of interest is not directly observed. It is assumed that the underlying target density can be well approximated by a mixture of normals. The method...

Litton, Nathaniel A.

2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

193

Characteristics of Wind Turbines Under Normal and Fault Conditions: Preprint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper investigates the characteristics of a variable-speed wind turbine connected to a stiff or weak grid under normal and fault conditions and the role of reactive power compensation.

Muljadi, E.; Butterfield, C. P.; Parsons, B.; Ellis, A.

2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Computing Simplicial Homology Based on Efficient Smith Normal Form Algorithms  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in general are sparse. We provide a review of several al- gorithms for the calculation of Smith Normal Form defined by ieA = i j=0 (-1)j eA\\{aj }, where A = {a0

Dumas, Jean-Guillaume

195

Cut Gas Costs This Holiday Traveling Season with Three Easy Tips |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Cut Gas Costs This Holiday Traveling Season with Three Easy Tips Cut Gas Costs This Holiday Traveling Season with Three Easy Tips Cut Gas Costs This Holiday Traveling Season with Three Easy Tips November 26, 2013 - 9:23am Addthis Turning off your engine while waiting in the parking lot is a great way to save money on gas. | Photo courtesy of Kristy Keel-Blackmon, NREL/21196. Turning off your engine while waiting in the parking lot is a great way to save money on gas. | Photo courtesy of Kristy Keel-Blackmon, NREL/21196. Jason Lutterman Communications Specialist, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy How can I participate? Drive smart this holiday season and stay informed with tools such as the speed penalty calculator on fueleconomy.gov. Yesterday you learned from Becky about three tools to help you save on fuel

196

Buying an Appliance this Holiday Season? ENERGY STAR Products will Save You  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Buying an Appliance this Holiday Season? ENERGY STAR Products will Buying an Appliance this Holiday Season? ENERGY STAR Products will Save You Money and Energy All Year! Buying an Appliance this Holiday Season? ENERGY STAR Products will Save You Money and Energy All Year! December 12, 2012 - 11:40am Addthis When shopping for appliances or electronics for the holidays, look for the ENERGY STAR® and EnergyGuide labels. | Photo by Dennis Schroeder, NREL 22090. When shopping for appliances or electronics for the holidays, look for the ENERGY STAR® and EnergyGuide labels. | Photo by Dennis Schroeder, NREL 22090. Erin Connealy Communications Specialist, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy How can I participate? Look for the ENERGY STAR® label to find energy-efficient appliances. It's the holiday season, which is a perfect time to find a great deal on

197

Cut Gas Costs This Holiday Traveling Season with Three Easy Tips |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Cut Gas Costs This Holiday Traveling Season with Three Easy Tips Cut Gas Costs This Holiday Traveling Season with Three Easy Tips Cut Gas Costs This Holiday Traveling Season with Three Easy Tips November 26, 2013 - 9:23am Addthis Turning off your engine while waiting in the parking lot is a great way to save money on gas. | Photo courtesy of Kristy Keel-Blackmon, NREL/21196. Turning off your engine while waiting in the parking lot is a great way to save money on gas. | Photo courtesy of Kristy Keel-Blackmon, NREL/21196. Jason Lutterman Communications Specialist, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy How can I participate? Drive smart this holiday season and stay informed with tools such as the speed penalty calculator on fueleconomy.gov. Yesterday you learned from Becky about three tools to help you save on fuel

198

Appliance Upgrades to Consider for Next Tax Season | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Appliance Upgrades to Consider for Next Tax Season Appliance Upgrades to Consider for Next Tax Season Appliance Upgrades to Consider for Next Tax Season April 15, 2013 - 2:28pm Addthis Solar energy systems are among the renewable and efficiency purchases that are eligible for tax credits. | Photo courtesy of Industrial Solar Technology Corp. Solar energy systems are among the renewable and efficiency purchases that are eligible for tax credits. | Photo courtesy of Industrial Solar Technology Corp. Erik Hyrkas Erik Hyrkas Media Relations Specialist, Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy What does this mean for me? If you missed the energy efficiency and renewable energy tax credits for 2012, you can still take advantage of them in 2013. Tax season comes to a close today, and if you missed the energy efficiency

199

A Reason to Put Science in the Season | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

A Reason to Put Science in the Season A Reason to Put Science in the Season A Reason to Put Science in the Season December 23, 2010 - 9:45am Addthis Charles Rousseaux Charles Rousseaux Senior Writer, Office of Science At this time of year, few people would consider decorating their trees with tinsel ...and test tubes. But there's a good reason to put a bit of science in the season. Specifically, Christmas Day marks the birth one of the foremost scientists of all time, Sir Isaac Newton. He was born 368 years ago in the town of Woolsthorpe, Linconshire. Newton is probably best known for being bonked in the head with an apple and discovering gravity as a result. Newton's most creative years came while he was on a holiday of sorts, staying in the countryside to avoid the plague raging at Cambridge. While there, he seems to have wondered why

200

Buying an Appliance this Holiday Season? ENERGY STAR Products will Save You  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Buying an Appliance this Holiday Season? ENERGY STAR Products will Buying an Appliance this Holiday Season? ENERGY STAR Products will Save You Money and Energy All Year! Buying an Appliance this Holiday Season? ENERGY STAR Products will Save You Money and Energy All Year! December 12, 2012 - 11:40am Addthis When shopping for appliances or electronics for the holidays, look for the ENERGY STAR® and EnergyGuide labels. | Photo by Dennis Schroeder, NREL 22090. When shopping for appliances or electronics for the holidays, look for the ENERGY STAR® and EnergyGuide labels. | Photo by Dennis Schroeder, NREL 22090. Erin Connealy Communications Specialist, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy How can I participate? Look for the ENERGY STAR® label to find energy-efficient appliances. It's the holiday season, which is a perfect time to find a great deal on

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "median normal seasonal" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Statistical Downscaling Multimodel Forecasts for Seasonal Precipitation and Surface Temperature over the Southeastern United States  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study compared two types of approaches to downscale seasonal precipitation (P) and 2-m air temperature (T2M) forecasts from the North American Multimodel Ensemble (NMME) over the states of Alabama, Georgia, and Florida in the southeastern ...

Di Tian; Christopher J. Martinez; Wendy D. Graham; Syewoon Hwang

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Seasonal Cycle Shifts in Hydroclimatology over the Western United States SATISH KUMAR REGONDA AND BALAJI RAJAGOPALAN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Seasonal Cycle Shifts in Hydroclimatology over the Western United States SATISH KUMAR REGONDA, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado MARTYN CLARK CIRES, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado JOHN PITLICK Department of Geography, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado (Manuscript received 4 November

Balaji, Rajagopalan

203

Understanding the seasonal and reproductive biology of olive fruit fly is critical to its management  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

J, et al. 2006. Olive fruit fly (Diptera: Tephritidae)season and availability of fruit. J Econ Entomol 99(6):2072for integrated control of olive fruit fly are promising in

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Climate effects of seasonally varying Biomass Burning emitted Carbonaceous Aerosols (BBCA)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The climate impact of the seasonality of Biomass Burning emitted Carbonaceous Aerosols (BBCA) is studied using an aerosol-climate model coupled with a slab ocean model in a set of 60-year long simulations, driven by BBCA ...

Jeong, Gill-Ran

205

Effect of pasteurization and season on the sensorial and rheological traits of Mexican Chihuahua cheese  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The seasonal changes in the flavors and textures (sensorial and rheological traits) of young Mexican Chihuahua cheese made with either raw or pasteurized ... of the cheese. Four selected brands of Chihuahua chees...

Diane L. Van Hekken; Mary Anne Drake; Michael H. Tunick

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

A comparison of two approaches for generating spatial models of growing season variables for Canada  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study produced annual spatial models (or grids) of 27 growing season variables for Canada that span two centuries (1901-2100). Temporal gaps in the availability of daily climate data the typical and preferred source for calculating growing ...

John H. Pedlar; Daniel W. McKenney; Kevin Lawrence; Pia Papadopol; Michael F. Hutchinson; David Price

207

Design and evaluation of seasonal storage hydrogen peak electricity supply system  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The seasonal storage hydrogen peak electricity supply system (SSHPESS) is a gigawatt-year hydrogen storage system which stores excess electricity produced as hydrogen during off-peak periods and consumes the stored hydrogen ...

Oloyede, Isaiah Olanrewaju

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Simulations of the West African Monsoon with a Superparameterized Climate Model. Part I: The Seasonal Cycle  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The West African monsoon seasonal cycle is simulated with two coupled general circulation models: the Community Climate System Model (CCSM), which uses traditional convective parameterizations, and the superparameterized CCSM (SP-CCSM), in which ...

Rachel R. McCrary; David A. Randall; Cristiana Stan

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Hardening and Resiliency: U.S. Energy Industry Response to Recent Hurricane Seasons- August 2010  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

In an effort to better understand what actions the energy industry has taken in response to the 2005 and 2008 hurricane seasons, the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Electricity Delivery and...

210

Seasonal Mean Circulation on the Irish Shelf { A Model-Generated Climatology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Seasonal Mean Circulation on the Irish Shelf { A Model-Generated Climatology Daniel R. Lynch and interpret the climatological mean circulation in these waters, with emphasis on the Irish Shelf

211

The INGVCMCC Seasonal Prediction System: Improved Ocean Initial Conditions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The development of the Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia (INGV)Centro Euro-Mediterraneo per i Cambiamenti Climatici (CMCC) Seasonal Prediction System (SPS) is documented. In this SPS the ocean initial-conditions estimation includes ...

Andrea Alessandri; Andrea Borrelli; Simona Masina; Annalisa Cherchi; Silvio Gualdi; Antonio Navarra; Pierluigi Di Pietro; Andrea F. Carril

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

A Seasonal Storage Solar Heating System for the Charlestown, Boston Navy Yard National Historic Park  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper concerns the design and analysis of a solar energy system using seasonal heat storage for ... Park in the Charlestown Navy Yard, Boston, Massachusetts. The system uses two existing underground concrete...

D. S. Breger; A. I. Michaels

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Nonlinear equilibration of baroclinic eddies : the role of boundary layer processes and seasonal forcing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this thesis, the influence of boundary layer processes and seasonal forcing on baroclinic eddy equilibration is studied to understand how the baroclinic adjustment is modified when taking into account these two factors. ...

Zhang, Yang, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

A house four all seasons : a suggested habitation model for Great Barrington  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Great Barrington, Massachusetts. A naturally beautiful setting combined with four distinct weather seasons dictates a lifestyle for this small South Berkshire town's residents and visitors alike. This thesis proposes that ...

Davis, Jeffrey R

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Correlative Evolutions of ENSO and the Seasonal Cycle in the Tropical Pacific Ocean  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study examines whether shifts between the correlative evolutions of ENSO and the seasonal cycle in the tropical Pacific Ocean can produce effects that are large enough to alter the evolution of the coupled atmosphereocean system. The ...

Heng Xiao; Carlos R. Mechoso

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Role of the seasonally-oscillating Hadley Cell in interhemispheric mixing.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The contribution of the seasonally-oscillating Hadley cell to the interhemispheric mixing of trace chemical species is studied using a zonally-symmetric kinematic model of the Hadley (more)

Cohen, Peter J.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

The Role of the Ocean in the Seasonal Cycle of the Hadley Circulation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The influence of ocean heat transport on the seasonal cycle of the Hadley circulation is investigated using idealized experiments with a climate model. It is found that ocean heat transport plays a fundamental role in setting the structure and ...

Amy C. Clement

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Assessing Seasonal Transport and Deposition of Agricultural Emissions in Eastern North Carolina, U.S.A.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the variability and uncertainty in the regional pollutant transport. Key words: Air pollution, atmospheric values obtained using an air pollution transport and dispersion model. This mesoscale information Carolina. Results show that highly variable seasonal and diurnal atmospheric circulations characterize

Raman, Sethu

219

Impact of Atmosphere and Land Surface Initial Conditions on Seasonal Forecasts of Global Surface Temperature  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The impact of land surface and atmosphere initialization on the forecast skill of a seasonal prediction system is investigated, and an effort to disentangle the role played by the individual components to the global predictability is done, via a ...

Stefano Materia; Andrea Borrelli; Alessio Bellucci; Andrea Alessandri; Pierluigi Di Pietro; Panagiotis Athanasiadis; Antonio Navarra; Silvio Gualdi

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Recruitment of the intertidal barnacle Semibalanus balanoides : metamorphosis and survival from daily to seasonable timescales  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The benthic habitat is the terminal destination for marine animals in terms of their reproductive lifecycle. Recruitment dynamics relating to seasonal changes in the benthic habitat may be the best source of information ...

Blythe, Jonathan N

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "median normal seasonal" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Seasonal changes in agar characteristics of two populations ofPterocladia capillacea in Gran Canaria, Spain  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Agar characteristics ofPterocladia capillacea...were examined seasonally at two intertidal populations exposed to different wave energy on the northern rocky shore of Gran Canaria Island. Plants were collected mo...

Y. Freile-Pelegrn; D. Robledo; R. Armisn; G. Garca-Reina

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

The role of seasonal wetlands in the ecology of the American alligator  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, open water and juveniles and nesting females relying on vegetated marsh. In certain regions of the inland portion of the alligators range, these different aquatic habitats are represented by seasonal wetlands and riverine systems that are separated...

Subalusky, Amanda Lee

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

223

Seasonal photosynthate partitioning in Stenotaphrum secundatum as influenced by temperature and nitrogen  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SEASONAL PHOTOSYNTHATE PARTITIONING IN ~dt t A d t AS INFLUENCED BY TEMPERATURE AND NITROGEN A Thesis by GARY RUSSELL FORRESTER Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1991 Major Subject: Agronomy SEASONAL PHOTOSYNTHATE PARTITIONING IN ~dt t t d t AS INFLUENCED BY TEMPERATURE AND NITROGEN A Thesis by GARY RUSSELL FORRESTER Approved as to style and content by: James B. Beard...

Forrester, Gary Russell, 1958-

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Experiments with a time-dependent, zonally averaged, seasonal, enery balance climatic model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EXPERIMENTS WITH A TI&E-DEPENDENT, ZONALLY AVERAGED, SEASONAL, ENERGY BALANCE CLIMATIC MODEL A Thesis by STARLEY LEE THOMPSON Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ASM University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the decree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1977 Major Subject: Meteorology EXPERIMENTS WITH A TIME DEPENDENT~ ZONALLY AVERAGED~ SEASONAL, ENERGY BALANCE CLIMATIC MODEL A Thesis by STARLEY LEE THOMPSON Approved as to style and content by: (Chairman of Committee...

Thompson, Starley Lee

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

225

Effect of seasonal variations and time of insemination on reproduction in Brahman females  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EFFECT OF SEASONAL VARIATIONS AND TIME OF INSEMINATION ON REPRODUCTION IN BRAHMAN FEMALES A Thesis by WARREN REA GARRETT Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ASM University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1977 Major Subject: Physiology of Reproduction EFFECT OF SEASONAL VARIATIONS AND TIME OF INSEMINATION ON REPRODUCTION IN BRAHMAN FEMALES A Thesis by WARREN REA GARRETT Approved as to style and content by: Chai rman...

Garrett, Warren Rea

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Follicular changes and reproductive hormones in captive white- tailed deer during the breeding season  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FOLLICULAR CHANGES AND REPRODUCTIVE HORMONES IN CAPTIVE WHITE-TAILED DEER DURING THE RREEDING SEASON A Thesis by TIMOTHY GERARD BIEDIGER Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ALM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1986 Major Subject: Veterinary Physiology FOLLICULAR CHANGES AND REPRODUCTIVE HORMONES IN CAPTIVE WHITE-TAILED DEER DURING THE BREEDING SEASON A Thesis by TIMOTHY GERARD BIEDIGER Approved as to style and content...

Biediger, Timothy Gerard

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

227

Ocean acoustic thermometry and the seasonal cycle of temperature in the North Pacific Ocean  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

With several years of long?range (several Mm) acoustic propagation data obtained during the Acoustic Thermometry of Ocean Climate (ATOC) and North Pacific Acoustic Laboratory (NPAL) projects the seasonal cycle of oceantemperature in the North Pacific can be examined. Acoustic transmissions have been made from a source located off the northern Californian coast and from a source located north of Kauai HI to several receivers of opportunity located in the North Pacific Basin. The acoustic data are a high signal?to?noise measure of large?scale temperature with excellent temporal resolution. Although only a few realizations of the seasonal cycle are available it is clear that inter? and intraannual variabilities are large contributions to the time series with signal amplitudes comparable to the seasonal cycle. Such variabilities are likely advective in origin. The time scales for some of the changes in temperature are short sometimes of order weeks. Not all available acoustic paths are suitable for assessing the seasonal cycle however. Near Hawaii the acoustic sampling does not extend to the near?surface waters so seasonal variations there are not measured. The acoustic results will be compared to measures of the seasonal cycle by satellite altimetry profiling floats and the ECCO numerical ocean model.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Used Nuclear Fuel Loading and Structural Performance Under Normal  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Nuclear Fuel Loading and Structural Performance Under Normal Nuclear Fuel Loading and Structural Performance Under Normal Conditions of Transport - Modeling, Simulation and Experimental Integration RD&D Plan Used Nuclear Fuel Loading and Structural Performance Under Normal Conditions of Transport - Modeling, Simulation and Experimental Integration RD&D Plan Used nuclear fuel (UNF) must maintain its integrity during the storage period in such a way that it can withstand the physical forces of handling and transportation associated with restaging the fuel and transporting it to treatment or recycling facilities, or to a geologic repository. This RD&D plan describes a methodology, including development and use of analytical models, to evaluate loading and associated mechanical responses of UNF rods and key structural components. The plan objective is to

229

Used Nuclear Fuel Loading and Structural Performance Under Normal  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Used Nuclear Fuel Loading and Structural Performance Under Normal Used Nuclear Fuel Loading and Structural Performance Under Normal Conditions of Transport - Modeling, Simulation and Experimental Integration RD&D Plan Used Nuclear Fuel Loading and Structural Performance Under Normal Conditions of Transport - Modeling, Simulation and Experimental Integration RD&D Plan Used nuclear fuel (UNF) must maintain its integrity during the storage period in such a way that it can withstand the physical forces of handling and transportation associated with restaging the fuel and transporting it to treatment or recycling facilities, or to a geologic repository. This RD&D plan describes a methodology, including development and use of analytical models, to evaluate loading and associated mechanical responses of UNF rods and key structural components. The plan objective is to

230

Method for construction of normalized cDNA libraries  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

This invention provides a method to normalize a directional cDNA library constructed in a vector that allows propagation in single-stranded circle form comprising: (a) propagating the directional cDNA library in single-stranded circles; (b) generating fragments complementary to the 3' noncoding sequence of the single-stranded circles in the library to produce partial duplexes; (c) purifying the partial duplexes; (d) melting and reassociating the purified partial duplexes to appropriate Cot; and (e) purifying the unassociated single-stranded circles, thereby generating a normalized cDNA library. This invention also provides normalized cDNA libraries generated by the above-described method and uses of the generated libraries.

Soares, Marcelo B. (New York, NY); Efstratiadis, Argiris (Englewood, NJ)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

A complete and normalized 61850 substation (Smart Grid Project) | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

complete and normalized 61850 substation (Smart Grid Project) complete and normalized 61850 substation (Smart Grid Project) Jump to: navigation, search Project Name A complete and normalized 61850 substation Country Spain Headquarters Location Madrid, Spain Coordinates 40.488735°, -3.284912° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":40.488735,"lon":-3.284912,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

232

Method for construction of normalized cDNA libraries  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

This invention provides a method to normalize a directional cDNA library constructed in a vector that allows propagation in single-stranded circle form comprising: (a) propagating the directional cDNA library in single-stranded circles; (b) generating fragments complementary to the 3' noncoding sequence of the single-stranded circles in the library to produce partial duplexes; (c) purifying the partial duplexes; (d) melting and reassociating the purified partial duplexes to moderate Cot; and (e) purifying the unassociated single-stranded circles, thereby generating a normalized cDNA library.

Soares, Marcelo B. (New York, NY); Efstratiadis, Argiris (Englewood, NJ)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

DENSITY FUNCTIONAL THEORY OF NORMAL AND SUPERCONDUCTING ELECTRON LIQUIDS: EXPLICIT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DENSITY FUNCTIONAL THEORY OF NORMAL AND SUPERCONDUCTING ELECTRON LIQUIDS: EXPLICIT FUNCTIONALS VIA?th University Nathan, Queensland 4111, Australia Abstract The basic idea of density functional theory is to map potential which is a functional of the density. The central task of density functional theory is to #12;nd

Gross, E.K.U.

234

The Normal Vibrations of Bridged X$_{2}$ Y$_{6}$ Molecules  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...evidence that diborane has a bridge configuration rather than...that the terminal B-H links are normal single...the bonds forming the bridge are considerably weaker...greater length of the bridge links, and the small...hypothetical reaction 2BH B H involves the absorption...

1945-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Liquidliquid separation in solutions of normal and sickle cell hemoglobin  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Liquid­liquid separation in solutions of normal and sickle cell hemoglobin Oleg Galkin*, Kai Chen, Comprehensive Sickle Cell Center, Bronx, NY 10461 Edited by John M. Prausnitz, University of California the nucleation of HbS polymers, whose formation is the primary pathogenic event for sickle cell anemia. In view

Vekilov, Peter

236

Oddelek za ziko Normal modes in the atmosphere  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

weather prediction. In section 3 I concentrate on the normal modes of a very simple model, shallow water #12;Numerical weather prediction is an initial condition problem. That means we need ini- tial-gravity waves just play their role, but in numerical models of the atmosphere, they can cause huge problems. 1

?umer, Slobodan

237

Some Properties of Realcompact Subspaces and Coarser Normal Spaces  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

William Fleissner. In 1997 Buzjakova proved that for a pseudocompact space X, there exists an ordinal such that the product of X and that ordinal condenses onto a normal space if and only if X condenses onto a compact space. In the third chapter, we extend...

Niknejad, Jila

2009-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

238

NAVARRO VERTICES AND NORMAL SUBGROUPS IN GROUPS OF ODD ORDER  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NAVARRO VERTICES AND NORMAL SUBGROUPS IN GROUPS OF ODD ORDER JAMES P. COSSEY Abstract. Let p be a prime and suppose G is a finite solvable group and is an ordinary irreducible character of G. Navarro character of Q, which is unique up to conjugacy. This pair is called the Navarro vertex

Cossey, James P.

239

'Tis the Season for Giving the Gift of Energy Savings | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

'Tis the Season for Giving the Gift of Energy Savings 'Tis the Season for Giving the Gift of Energy Savings 'Tis the Season for Giving the Gift of Energy Savings November 27, 2013 - 10:00am Addthis Giving energy-efficient gifts is an easy way to save money and energy year-round. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto.com/nano Giving energy-efficient gifts is an easy way to save money and energy year-round. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto.com/nano Christina Stowers Communications Specialist in the Office of Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program How can I participate? Choose ENERGY STAR-certified products when picking out electronics for presents. The catchy advertising jingles are back, sale signs are in every window, and a man with a white beard, hearty laugh, and a stomach that shakes like a bowl full of jelly is sitting at every mall across the country. It's

240

Winter Fuels Season is Right Around the Corner | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Winter Fuels Season is Right Around the Corner Winter Fuels Season is Right Around the Corner Winter Fuels Season is Right Around the Corner October 20, 2010 - 10:31am Addthis Patricia A. Hoffman Patricia A. Hoffman Assistant Secretary, Office of Electricity Delivery & Energy Reliability As temperatures start to drop Americans around the country are pulling out their flannel sheets, putting the storm windows back on, and switching their air conditioning units with heaters. These transformations have an impact on the way our nation uses our energy resources, particularly heating fuels. Since 1994, the U.S. Department of Energy and the National Association of State Energy Officials (NASEO) have held an annual Winter Fuels Outlook Conference to provide the energy community with information on global and

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "median normal seasonal" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

'Tis the Season for Giving the Gift of Energy Savings | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

'Tis the Season for Giving the Gift of Energy Savings 'Tis the Season for Giving the Gift of Energy Savings 'Tis the Season for Giving the Gift of Energy Savings November 27, 2013 - 10:00am Addthis Giving energy-efficient gifts is an easy way to save money and energy year-round. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto.com/nano Giving energy-efficient gifts is an easy way to save money and energy year-round. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto.com/nano Christina Stowers Communications Specialist in the Office of Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program How can I participate? Choose ENERGY STAR-certified products when picking out electronics for presents. The catchy advertising jingles are back, sale signs are in every window, and a man with a white beard, hearty laugh, and a stomach that shakes like a bowl full of jelly is sitting at every mall across the country. It's

242

Saving Energy and Keeping Seniors Warm This Season | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Saving Energy and Keeping Seniors Warm This Season Saving Energy and Keeping Seniors Warm This Season Saving Energy and Keeping Seniors Warm This Season January 7, 2013 - 12:44pm Addthis Seniors check out the new energy-efficient fitness facility at the Rockville Senior Center. | Photo courtesy of Chris Galm, Energy Department. Seniors check out the new energy-efficient fitness facility at the Rockville Senior Center. | Photo courtesy of Chris Galm, Energy Department. Using money from a Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant, the Greater Randolph Senior Center installed a 7-kW Solar PV system to reduce energy consumption. | Photo courtesy of Bexar County, Texas. Using money from a Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant, the Greater Randolph Senior Center installed a 7-kW Solar PV system to reduce

243

South Carolina Community Lights Up the Season with Energy-Efficient Holiday  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

South Carolina Community Lights Up the Season with Energy-Efficient South Carolina Community Lights Up the Season with Energy-Efficient Holiday Lights South Carolina Community Lights Up the Season with Energy-Efficient Holiday Lights December 20, 2011 - 1:12pm Addthis Carolers sing in front of Forest Acres, South Carolina's new LED holiday light display. | Photo courtesy of Richland County, S.C. Carolers sing in front of Forest Acres, South Carolina's new LED holiday light display. | Photo courtesy of Richland County, S.C. Eric Escudero Eric Escudero Senior Public Affairs Specialist & Contractor, Golden Field Office What does this mean for me? LED holiday lights reduce energy usage by 90 percent when compared to traditional incandescent lights. A South Carolina community is proving that energy efficiency can improve the holidays by reducing energy and maintenance costs, thanks to its new

244

South Carolina Community Lights Up the Season with Energy-Efficient Holiday  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

South Carolina Community Lights Up the Season with Energy-Efficient South Carolina Community Lights Up the Season with Energy-Efficient Holiday Lights South Carolina Community Lights Up the Season with Energy-Efficient Holiday Lights December 20, 2011 - 1:12pm Addthis Carolers sing in front of Forest Acres, South Carolina's new LED holiday light display. | Photo courtesy of Richland County, S.C. Carolers sing in front of Forest Acres, South Carolina's new LED holiday light display. | Photo courtesy of Richland County, S.C. Eric Escudero Eric Escudero Senior Public Affairs Specialist & Contractor, Golden Field Office What does this mean for me? LED holiday lights reduce energy usage by 90 percent when compared to traditional incandescent lights. A South Carolina community is proving that energy efficiency can improve the holidays by reducing energy and maintenance costs, thanks to its new

245

Photo of the Week: Rain or Shine, Preparing for the 2013 Hurricane Season |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Rain or Shine, Preparing for the 2013 Hurricane Rain or Shine, Preparing for the 2013 Hurricane Season Photo of the Week: Rain or Shine, Preparing for the 2013 Hurricane Season May 15, 2013 - 1:16pm Addthis President Barack Obama listens to Acting Energy Secretary Daniel B. Poneman during a meeting with electric utility CEOs and trade association representatives at the Department of Energy in Washington, D.C., May 8, 2013. The group met to discuss lessons learned during the response to Hurricane Sandy, as well as the ongoing preparations for 2013 hurricane season, which begins June 1. | Official White House Photo by Pete Souza. President Barack Obama listens to Acting Energy Secretary Daniel B. Poneman during a meeting with electric utility CEOs and trade association representatives at the Department of Energy in Washington, D.C., May 8,

246

Smart Grid Week: Hurricane Season and the Department's Efforts to Make  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Smart Grid Week: Hurricane Season and the Department's Efforts to Smart Grid Week: Hurricane Season and the Department's Efforts to Make the Grid More Resilient to Power Outages Smart Grid Week: Hurricane Season and the Department's Efforts to Make the Grid More Resilient to Power Outages June 6, 2013 - 5:41pm Addthis President Barack Obama listens to then-Acting Energy Secretary Daniel B. Poneman during a meeting with electric utility CEOs and trade association representatives at the Department of Energy in Washington, D.C., May 8, 2013. | Official White House Photo by Pete Souza. President Barack Obama listens to then-Acting Energy Secretary Daniel B. Poneman during a meeting with electric utility CEOs and trade association representatives at the Department of Energy in Washington, D.C., May 8, 2013. | Official White House Photo by Pete Souza.

247

Get Ahead of the Heating Season with an Energy Assessment | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Ahead of the Heating Season with an Energy Assessment Ahead of the Heating Season with an Energy Assessment Get Ahead of the Heating Season with an Energy Assessment September 7, 2010 - 4:48pm Addthis Andrea Spikes Communicator at DOE's National Renewable Energy Laboratory As I walked outside this morning, I noticed something- a chill in the air! I live in Colorado, where the nights get cooler long before the days do. This is the time where it's common to see people walking around with shorts and sweaters in the morning (gotta be prepared). The sight of my breath was a reminder that soon I'll be running my heater again and will want to run it as little as possible while staying comfortable. If that sounds like your plan, consider scheduling a home energy assessment. Also known as an energy audit, an energy assessment

248

Smart Grid Week: Hurricane Season and the Department's Efforts to Make  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Smart Grid Week: Hurricane Season and the Department's Efforts to Smart Grid Week: Hurricane Season and the Department's Efforts to Make the Grid More Resilient to Power Outages Smart Grid Week: Hurricane Season and the Department's Efforts to Make the Grid More Resilient to Power Outages June 6, 2013 - 5:41pm Addthis President Barack Obama listens to then-Acting Energy Secretary Daniel B. Poneman during a meeting with electric utility CEOs and trade association representatives at the Department of Energy in Washington, D.C., May 8, 2013. | Official White House Photo by Pete Souza. President Barack Obama listens to then-Acting Energy Secretary Daniel B. Poneman during a meeting with electric utility CEOs and trade association representatives at the Department of Energy in Washington, D.C., May 8, 2013. | Official White House Photo by Pete Souza.

249

Winter Fuels Season is Right Around the Corner | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Winter Fuels Season is Right Around the Corner Winter Fuels Season is Right Around the Corner Winter Fuels Season is Right Around the Corner October 20, 2010 - 10:31am Addthis Patricia A. Hoffman Patricia A. Hoffman Assistant Secretary, Office of Electricity Delivery & Energy Reliability As temperatures start to drop Americans around the country are pulling out their flannel sheets, putting the storm windows back on, and switching their air conditioning units with heaters. These transformations have an impact on the way our nation uses our energy resources, particularly heating fuels. Since 1994, the U.S. Department of Energy and the National Association of State Energy Officials (NASEO) have held an annual Winter Fuels Outlook Conference to provide the energy community with information on global and

250

Drying Clothes and Saving Money this Fall Season | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Drying Clothes and Saving Money this Fall Season Drying Clothes and Saving Money this Fall Season Drying Clothes and Saving Money this Fall Season November 8, 2012 - 3:16pm Addthis The Environmental Protection Agency estimates that just cleaning the lint screen before each and every load of laundry can save you an average of $34 per year. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto.com/Kameleon007 The Environmental Protection Agency estimates that just cleaning the lint screen before each and every load of laundry can save you an average of $34 per year. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto.com/Kameleon007 Jason Lutterman Communications Specialist, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy What are the key facts? Even after cleaning out your lint screen, there are other ways to make sure that your clothes dryer is running as efficiently as possible.

251

MAS 10.3 Seasonal Preparation 3/21/95 | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

3 Seasonal Preparation 3/21/95 3 Seasonal Preparation 3/21/95 MAS 10.3 Seasonal Preparation 3/21/95 The objective of this surveillance is to verify that the contractor is implementing appropriate measures to protect equipment and systems from damage due to the effects of cold weather. The Facility Representative evaluates systems necessary for the protection of the public and workers to determine if they have been adequately prepared for cold weather. The Facility Representative also examines other preparations for cold weather to ensure that materials are properly stored, permanent and auxiliary heating systems are functional, and other appropriate preparations have been completed. During the surveillance, the Facility Representative ensures that applicable DOE requirements have been implemented.

252

E-Print Network 3.0 - alternative normal state Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

electrotechnical devices to a normal state at an exceeding... with regard to a nucleate boiling regime (curve 1) these states correspond to a normal (point "al... that the...

253

E-Print Network 3.0 - absolutely normal bone Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

females (N 49). The data set consisted of bone biopsies from normal and vertebral fracture subjects... microradiographic studies of normal and oste- oporotic ... Source: Ecole...

254

Low-Oxygen Induction of Normally Cryptic psbA Genes in Cyanobacteria...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Oxygen Induction of Normally Cryptic psbA Genes in Cyanobacteria. Low-Oxygen Induction of Normally Cryptic psbA Genes in Cyanobacteria. Abstract: Microarray analysis indicated...

255

Measurement of normal contact stiffness of fractal rough surfaces  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate the effects of roughness and fractality on the normal contact stiffness of rough surfaces. Samples of isotropically roughened aluminium surfaces are considered. The roughness and fractal dimension were altered through blasting using different sized particles. Subsequently, surface mechanical attrition treatment (SMAT) was applied to the surfaces in order to modify the surface at the microscale. The surface topology was characterised by interferometry based profilometry. The normal contact stiffness was measured through nanoindentation with a flat tip utilising the partial unloading method. We focus on establishing the relationships between surface stiffness and roughness, combined with the effects of fractal dimension. The experimental results, for a wide range of surfaces, showed that the measured contact stiffness depended very closely on surfaces' root mean squared (RMS) slope and their fractal dimension, with correlation coefficients of around 90\\%, whilst a relatively weak correlation coefficient of 57\\% was found between the contact stiffness and RMS roughness.

Chongpu Zhai; Sbastien Bevand; Yixiang Gan; Dorian Hanaor; Gwnalle Proust; Bruno Guelorget; Delphine Retraint

2014-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

256

Procedure for normalization of cDNA libraries  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

This invention provides a method to normalize a cDNA library constructed in a vector capable of being converted to single-stranded circles and capable of producing complementary nucleic acid molecules to the single-stranded circles comprising: (a) converting the cDNA library in single-stranded circles; (b) generating complementary nucleic acid molecules to the single-stranded circles; (c) hybridizing the single-stranded circles converted in step (a) with complementary nucleic acid molecules of step (b) to produce partial duplexes to an appropriate Cot; (e) separating the unhybridized single-stranded circles from the hybridized single-stranded circles, thereby generating a normalized cDNA library.

Bonaldo, Maria DeFatima (New York, NY); Soares, Marcelo Bento (New York, NY)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Broad band invisibility cloak made of normal dielectric multilayer  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present the design fabrication and performance test of a quasi three-dimensional carpet cloak made of normal dielectric in the microwave regime. Taking advantage of a simple linear coordinate transformation we design a carpet cloak with homogeneous anisotropic medium and then practically realize the device with multilayer of alternating normal dielectric slabs based on the effective medium theory. As a proof-of-concept example we fabricate the carpet cloak with multilayer of FR4 dielectric slabs with air spacing. The performance of the fabricated design is verified through full-wave numerical simulation and measurement of the far-field scattering electromagnetic waves in a microwave anechoic chamber. Experimental results have demonstrated pronounced cloaking effect in a very broad band from 8 GHz to 18 GHz (whole X and Ku band) due to the low loss non-dispersive feature of the multilayerdielectricstructure.

Xiaofei Xu; Yijun Feng; Shuai Xiong; Jinlong Fan; Jun-Ming Zhao; Tian Jiang

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Geometry and development of relay ramps in normal fault systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Normal fault zones play a major role in the development of basins and in the migration and trapping of hydrocarbons. The mapping of normal fault systems using seismic data requires careful correlation of faults on adjacent sections, a procedure that often leads to the interpretation of faults as having long, continuous, sinuous traces. Recent work involving detailed mapping of fault traces, first by using land exposures but more recently using three-dimensional seismics, has demonstrated that faults are usually made up of many overstepping segments, linked by areas of complex deformation, termed transfer zones or relay ramps. Relay ramps occur between normal fault segments that overstep in map view. The geometry and evolution of exposure-scale relay ramps are described from the Somerset coast, England, and are compared with larger scale ramps from elsewhere. Relay ramps can be classified into four groups based on the degree of interaction and linkage between the overstepping segments; these groups are interpreted as being evolutionary stages. In stage 1, the segments do not interact. Stage 2 involves the reorientation of bedding between two interacting faults to produce a relay ramp. In stage 3, connecting fractures start to break the relay ramp. Stage 4 is when the relay ramp is destroyed to produce a single fault that has an along-strike bend. These evolutionary stages can develop through time, but they can also be seen spatially. A branch line between normal faults or an along-strike bend may represent a stage 4 relay, with progressively earlier stages occurring updip or downdip. Characteristic variability in displacement-distance profiles for fault segments and linked faults accompanies the interaction and linkage processes. Displacement transfer by relay ramps is accompanied by steep displacement gradients along fault segments at oversteps. Relay ramps often contribute to a minimum in total fault displacement at a linkage point. 47 refs., 16 figs.

Peacock, D.C.P. (Univ. of Southampton (United Kingdom) Univ. of Plymouth, Devon (United Kingdom)); Sanderson, D.J. (Univ. of Southampton (United Kingdom))

1994-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Normal completely positive maps on the space of quantum operations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We define a class of higher-order linear maps that transform quantum operations into quantum operations and satisfy suitable requirements of normality and complete positivity. For this class of maps we prove two dilation theorems which are the analogues of the Stinespring and Radon-Nikodym theorems for quantum operations. A structure theorem for probability measures with values in this class of higher-order maps is also derived.

Chiribella, G; Umanit, V

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Higher-Rank Numerical Ranges of Unitary and Normal Matrices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We verify a conjecture on the structure of higher-rank numerical ranges for a wide class of unitary and normal matrices. Using analytic and geometric techniques, we show precisely how the higher-rank numerical ranges for a generic unitary matrix are given by complex polygons determined by the spectral structure of the matrix. We discuss applications of the results to quantum error correction, specifically to the problem of identification and construction of codes for binary unitary noise models.

Man-Duen Choi; John A. Holbrook; David W. Kribs; Karol Zyczkowski

2007-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "median normal seasonal" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

The plucked string: an example of non-normal dynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Motion of a single Fourier mode of the plucked string is an example of transient, free decay of coupled, damped oscillators. It shares the rarely discussed features of the generic case, e.g., possessing a complete set of non-orthogonal eigenvectors and no normal modes, but it can be analyzed and solved analytically by hand in an approximation that is appropriate to musical instruments' plucked strings.

Politzer, David

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Morphometric and geometric characterization of normal faults on Mars  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Using three different approaches (fault plane fitting, 3D crater rim palinspatic restorations and fault scarps morphometric analysis) we investigate the geometry and degradation history of Martian normal faults in two distinct areas. The three independent methods produce similar results, indicating that the average dip angle of the normal faults on these two locations is probably below the value that is usually assumed for Mars (?60). Our best estimate for this average dip angle is 46.8 9.8 , which is a value comparable with the mean dip angle inferred on Earth for seismically active normal faults. This lower average dip angle implies that all the rift strain estimates performed until now might be underestimated. From the comparative analysis of the two faulted regions (Phlegethon Catena and Claritas Fossae), we show that local and regional dip variabilities may exist on Mars. This reinforces the idea that the amount of extension associated with Martian rifts must be reconsidered. We also demonstrate the advantages of performing a comparative morphometric analysis of fault scarps. This approach enables the reconstruction of the faults scarps degradation history and can be used to evaluate how environmental conditions changed through time. After modeling the degradation of the fault scarps at the two sites we conclude that the observed morphometric variations are mainly due to the different faulting ages in an environment characterized by low scarp degradation rates ( 4 10 ? 3 m 2 / kyr ) over the last 3 Ga.

David A. Vaz; Mauro G. Spagnuolo; Simone Silvestro

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Surface tension with Normal Curvature in Curved Space-Time  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

With an aim to include the contribution of surface tension in the action of the boundary, we define the tangential pressure in terms of surface tension and Normal curvature in a more naturally geometric way. First, we show that the negative tangential pressure is independent of the four-velocity of a very thin hyper-surface. Second, we relate the 3-pressure of a surface layer to the normal curvature and the surface tension. Third, we relate the surface tension to the energy of the surface layer. Four, we show that the delta like energy flows across the hyper-surface will be zero for such a representation of intrinsic 3-pressure. Five, for the weak field approximation and for static spherically symmetric configuration, we deduce the classical Kelvin's relation. Six, we write a modified action for the boundary having contributions both from surface tension and normal curvature of the surface layer. Also we propose a method to find the physical action assuming a reference background, where the background is not flat.

Himanshu kumar; Sharf Alam; Suhail Ahmad

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Experiment Design and First Season Observations with the Degree Angular Scale Interferometer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We describe the instrumentation, experiment design and data reduction for the first season of observations with the Degree Angular Scale Interferometer (DASI), a compact microwave interferometer designed to measure anisotropy in the Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) on degree and sub-degree scales (l=100--900). The telescope was deployed at the Amundsen-Scott South Pole research station during the 1999--2000 austral summer and conducted observations of the CMB throughout the following austral winter. In its first season of observations, DASI has mapped CMB fluctuations in 32 fields, each 3.4 deg across, with high sensitivity.

E. M. Leitch; C. Pryke; N. W. Halverson; J. Kovac; G. Davidson; S. LaRoque; E. Schartman; J. Yamasaki; J. E. Carlstrom; W. L. Holzapfel; M. Dragovan; J. K. Cartwright; B. S. Mason; S. Padin; T. J. Pearson; M. C. Shepherd; A. C. S. Readhead

2001-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

265

Seasonal tolerance in the boll weevil: Anthonomus grandis, BOH., to several insecticides.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the requirements for the degree of' . . QLSTEL OF SCIENCE 'My 1961 . Iajor Sub)ectt Entomology SEASONAL TOLERANCE IN THE POLI WEEVIL, ANTHONOMUS GRANDIS, BOH. , TO SEVERAL INSECTICIDES A Thesis Travis L. Pate Approved as to style and oontent bye a rman o... developed resistance to many of the insecti- cides presently used during the past 10 to 15 years as a result of their extensive use. Seasonal tolerance to some of these organic insecticides has been observed. These aevelopments have been of much concern...

Pate, Travis Leon

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

266

A Statistical Selection Strategy for Normalization Procedures in LC-MS Proteomics Experiments through Dataset Dependent Ranking of Normalization Scaling Factors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Quantification of LC-MS peak intensities assigned during peptide identification in a typical comparative proteomics experiment will deviate from run-to-run of the instrument due to both technical and biological variation. Thus, normalization of peak intensities across a LC-MS proteomics dataset is a fundamental step in pre-processing. However, the downstream analysis of LC-MS proteomics data can be dramatically affected by the normalization method selected . Current normalization procedures for LC-MS proteomics data are presented in the context of normalization values derived from subsets of the full collection of identified peptides. The distribution of these normalization values is unknown a priori. If they are not independent from the biological factors associated with the experiment the normalization process can introduce bias into the data, which will affect downstream statistical biomarker discovery. We present a novel approach to evaluate normalization strategies, where a normalization strategy includes the peptide selection component associated with the derivation of normalization values. Our approach evaluates the effect of normalization on the between-group variance structure in order to identify candidate normalization strategies that improve the structure of the data without introducing bias into the normalized peak intensities.

Webb-Robertson, Bobbie-Jo M.; Matzke, Melissa M.; Jacobs, Jon M.; Pounds, Joel G.; Waters, Katrina M.

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

SMITH NORMAL FORMS OF INCIDENCE MATRICES Abstract. A brief introduction is given to the topic of Smith normal forms of incidence  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SMITH NORMAL FORMS OF INCIDENCE MATRICES PETER SIN Abstract. A brief introduction is given to the topic of Smith normal forms of incidence matrices. A general discussion of techniques is illustrated, the fundamental invariant is the Smith normal form of A, whose definition we now recall. A square integer matrix

Sin, Peter

268

EnergySavers.gov: A New Season, a New URL for the Consumer's Guide |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

EnergySavers.gov: A New Season, a New URL for the Consumer's Guide EnergySavers.gov: A New Season, a New URL for the Consumer's Guide EnergySavers.gov: A New Season, a New URL for the Consumer's Guide April 3, 2009 - 5:47pm Addthis Allison Casey Senior Communicator, NREL If you're a regular visitor to EERE's Consumer's Guide to Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, you may have noticed some changes this week. The site has moved to EnergySavers.gov and is now called "Energy Savers." The same in-depth information is still available, and we hope this new address will make the site easier for people to find. Along with this move came a home page facelift. Visit the site at EnergySavers.gov and let us know what you think! In the spirit of spring renewal, we've also refreshed our seasonal Web site; the winter "Stay Warm, Save Money" site is now " Stay Cool, Save

269

EnergySavers.gov: A New Season, a New URL for the Consumer's Guide |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

EnergySavers.gov: A New Season, a New URL for the Consumer's Guide EnergySavers.gov: A New Season, a New URL for the Consumer's Guide EnergySavers.gov: A New Season, a New URL for the Consumer's Guide April 3, 2009 - 5:47pm Addthis Allison Casey Senior Communicator, NREL If you're a regular visitor to EERE's Consumer's Guide to Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, you may have noticed some changes this week. The site has moved to EnergySavers.gov and is now called "Energy Savers." The same in-depth information is still available, and we hope this new address will make the site easier for people to find. Along with this move came a home page facelift. Visit the site at EnergySavers.gov and let us know what you think! In the spirit of spring renewal, we've also refreshed our seasonal Web site; the winter "Stay Warm, Save Money" site is now " Stay Cool, Save

270

Seasonality in Community Water Demand Ronald C. Griffin and Chan Chang  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

are more price responsive than winter demands implies that price can be a more effective al- locative tool price, (b) demand price elasticity appears to vary seasonally, and (c) the demand price specification functional forms are contrasted for their abilities to identify monthly price elasticities. Results

Griffin, Ronald

271

Edinburgh Research Explorer Can seasonal and interannual variation in landscape CO2 fluxes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Edinburgh Research Explorer Can seasonal and interannual variation in landscape CO2 fluxes be detected by atmospheric observations of CO2 concentrations made at a tall tower? Citation for published in landscape CO2 fluxes be detected by atmospheric observations of CO2 concentrations made at a tall tower

Millar, Andrew J.

272

Assessing Seasonal Confounding and Model Selection Bias in Air Pollution Epidemiology Using Positive and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

July 15, 1999 #12;Abstract Much of the evidence for health e ects of particulate air pollution has come. We thus refer to the `air pollution hypothesis' to describe increased risk of health outcomes dueAssessing Seasonal Confounding and Model Selection Bias in Air Pollution Epidemiology Using

Washington at Seattle, University of

273

Variations in streamflow response to large hurricane-season storms in a southeastern US watershed  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Floods caused by hurricane storms are responsible for tremendous economic and property losses in the U.S. In order to minimize flood damages associated with large hurricane season storms, it is important to be able to predict streamflow amount in ...

Xing Chen; Mukesh Kumar; Brian L. McGlynn

274

Three-dimensional finite difference time domain modeling of the diurnal and seasonal variations in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in Schumann resonance parameters Heng Yang1 and Victor P. Pasko1 Received 3 October 2005; revised 27 January of Schumann resonances (SR) have been reported in a number of experiments. In this paper, a three to study the diurnal and seasonal variability of the power and frequency of the first Schumann resonance

Pasko, Victor

275

Atmospheric Environment 39 (2005) 39673976 Seasonal trends in PM2.5 source contributions in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

as dust (20%), secondary sulfate (17%), secondary nitrate (10%), coal combustion (7%), diesel and gasoline heating season, the contributions from coal combustion and biomass aerosol to PM2.5 mass increased of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA c Environmental Chemistry and Technology Program, University of Wisconsin

Zheng, Mei

276

SEASONAL V A R IA TIONS IN STRUCTURE AND CIRCULATION IN THE RED SEA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SEASONAL V A R IA TIONS IN STRUCTURE AND CIRCULATION IN THE RED SEA A DISSERTATION SUBMITTE D and surface circulation in the Red Sea, occur r ing along the north-south axis of the Sea and extending fr om on in the northern Red Sea is frorn the nor th-northwest throughout the year' during the winter ( fr om October

Luther, Douglas S.

277

The Auk 117(3):709717, 2000 SEASONAL FRUIT PREFERENCES FOR LIPIDS AND SUGARS BY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

709 The Auk 117(3):709­717, 2000 SEASONAL FRUIT PREFERENCES FOR LIPIDS AND SUGARS BY AMERICAN AND TIMOTHY WORK4 Department of Biology, Hope College, Holland, Michigan 49423, USA ABSTRACT.--Fruit preference by birds is a complex process based upon the morphology and spatial arrangement of fruits

Radeloff, Volker C.

278

Impact of Verification Grid-Box Size on Warm-Season QPF Skill Measures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A 10-km-grid-spacing version of NCEP's Eta Model was used to simulate 11 warm-season convective systems occurring over the U.S. upper midwest. Quantitative precipitation forecasts (QPFs) from the model valid for 6-h periods were verified using 4-...

William A. Gallus Jr.

2002-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

XI. DIFFUSEGLOBAL CORRELATIONS: SEASONAL VARIATIONS Estimating the performance of a solar system  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is measured on a horizontal surface and intensity on the tilted collector surface is calculated via a two39 XI. DIFFUSE­GLOBAL CORRELATIONS: SEASONAL VARIATIONS Estimating the performance of a solar system requires an accurate assessment of incident solar radiation. Ordinarily, solar radiation

Oregon, University of

280

Preplant Burndown and In-Season Sharpen Use in Cotton J.W. Keeling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Preplant Burndown and In-Season Sharpen Use in Cotton J.W. Keeling J.D. Reed J.L. Spradley W as a preplant burndown treatment prior to cotton planting and during the fallow period following harvest amaranth (Amaranthus palmeri), morningglory (Ipomoea spp.), and volunteer cotton (Gossypium hirsutum) when

Mukhtar, Saqib

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "median normal seasonal" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

The seasonal relationship between assault and homicide in England and Wales  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University, Palo Alto, CA, United States Accepted 26 March 2008 and homicide in the same population over the same period of time. One group found assault was seasonal, we require the assault and homicide data to come from the same population over the same time period

Judd, Kevin

282

Deep-Sea Research II 53 (2006) 555575 Spatial and seasonal patterns of carbon cycling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the world's ocean and has been an area of intense scientific interest for several decades (Wu¨ st, 1959Deep-Sea Research II 53 (2006) 555­575 Spatial and seasonal patterns of carbon cycling through stations in the Arabian Sea. The goal of this work was to characterize carbon flows and trophic transfers

Jackson, George

283

SEASONAL VARIATION IN SURVIVAL OF LARVAL NORTHERN ANCHOVY, ENGRAULIS MORDAX, ESTIMATED  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for the observed greater recruitment in 1978 and is consistent with the hypothesis that offshore transport is found within the North Sea where the short spawn- ing season of each herring population bears a fixed surveys (Kramer et aL 1972) on the sampling grid (Fig. 1) of the California Cooperative Oceanic Fisheries

284

Seasonal Mean Circulation in the Yellow Sea A ModelGenerated Climatology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Seasonal Mean Circulation in the Yellow Sea ­ A Model­Generated Climatology Christopher E. Naimie 1://www­nml.dartmouth.edu/Publications/external publications/PUB­00­1 email: d.r.lynch@dartmouth.edu Abstract The three­dimensional climatological circulation

285

Seasonal cycles of O3, CO, and convective outflow at the tropical tropopause  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

gas species. There is a significant seasonal cycle in ozone (O3) at the tropical tropopause, both a radiative transfer model [Fu and Liou, 1992]. This was done at 10 ozone- sonde stations from the SHADOZ network (Southern Hemisphere Additional Ozonesonde ozonesonde stations [Thompson et al., 2003a, 2003b

Thompson, Anne

286

SEASONAL AND INSHORE-OFFSHORE VARIATIONS IN THE STANDING STOCKS OF MICRONEKTON AND  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SEASONAL AND INSHORE-OFFSHORE VARIATIONS IN THE STANDING STOCKS OF MICRONEKTON AND MACROZOOPLANKTON OFF OREGON WILLIAM G. PEARCyl ABSTRACT Dry weights of pelagic animals captured along an inshore-offshore, shrimps, and squids) were largest inshore (28 and 46 km offshore) in the winter (November

287

Indirect validation of tropospheric nitrogen dioxide retrieved from the OMI satellite instrument: Insight into the seasonal  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Click Here for Full Article Indirect validation of tropospheric nitrogen dioxide retrieved from nitrogen dioxide retrieved from the OMI satellite instrument: Insight into the seasonal variation of the hydroxyl radical (OH). Nitrogen dioxide (NO2) is an indicator of surface air quality that is associated

Dirksen, Ruud

288

Seasonal variation of upwelling in the Alaskan Beaufort Sea: Impact of sea ice cover  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that lateral ocean heat flux from the shelf to the basin melts a substantial amount of ice in the marginal iceSeasonal variation of upwelling in the Alaskan Beaufort Sea: Impact of sea ice cover Lena M to characterize differences in upwelling near the shelf break in the Alaskan Beaufort Sea due to varying sea ice

Pickart, Robert S.

289

Seasonal variation of upwelling in the Alaskan Beaufort Sea: Impact of sea ice cover  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ocean heat flux42 from the shelf to the basin melts a substantial amount of ice in the marginal ice Seasonal variation of upwelling in the Alaskan Beaufort Sea: Impact of sea ice cover Lena M the shelfbreak in the Alaskan Beaufort Sea due to3 varying sea-ice conditions. The record is divided into three

Pickart, Robert S.

290

Water Research 37 (2003) 37563766 Seasonal and daily variations in concentrations of methyl-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by volume to gasoline from November to February, and blending 11% MTBE by volume during the rest of the year; accepted 24 March 2003 Abstract Methyl-tertiary-butyl ether (MTBE), an additive used to oxygenate gasoline of gasoline-powered watercraft. This paper documents and explains both seasonal and daily variations in MTBE

Toran, Laura

291

Small-scale variation in growing season length affects size structure of scarlet monkeyflower  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Levine, Dept of Integrative Biology, Univ. of California at Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA. Present address for JLW: Division of Biological Sciences, Univ. of Montana, Missoula, MT 59812, USA (jennifer. of California, Santa Barbara, CA 93106-9610, USA. All organisms must contend with seasonality, which affects

Williams, Jennifer L.

292

Seasonal dynamics of sea surface salinity off Panama: The far Eastern Pacific Fresh Pool  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Seasonal dynamics of sea surface salinity off Panama: The far Eastern Pacific Fresh Pool Gaël Alory is confined between Panama's west coast and 85 W in December and extends westward to 95 W in April. Strong SSS at the surface, along with hydrographic profiles. The fresh pool appears off Panama due to the strong summer

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

293

State of Maine residential heating oil survey: 1995--1996 season summary  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In Maine the cash price is surveyed, as opposed to lthe retail or charge price, as it has been identified as the price most often paid by Maine consumers. As one can see from the chart in this report, the 1995-1996 cash prices for No. 2 heating oil can be characterized as having an upward trend and much more fluctuation than last years` relatively flat line. The 1995-96 heating season started at the closing price of the previous season and for the first few weeks prices were lower than most of the 1994-95 trendline. When the weather became cooler, however, prices were on a steady incline until well into the winter. Prices leveled off for most of the rest of the season with a dramatic surge on the last week of the survey. The average statewide cash price for No. 2 heating oil this year was .861 1 cents, approximately ten cents higher than the average for 1994-1995 which was .7661 cents per gallon. It has been the observation of the SPO that during most of the 1995-1996 season, Maine`s prices showed a direct correspondence with New England rack or wholesale prices. It appeared that they never fluctuated more than 3-4 cents from each other.

Elder, B.

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

The adaptive value of energy storage and capital breeding in seasonal environments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

where reproductive values are used to optimise energy allocation and diapause strategies over the yearThe adaptive value of energy storage and capital breeding in seasonal environments ?ystein Varpe breeding was also used to increase egg production rates at times of income breeding. For individuals born

Heino, Mikko

295

Cloud frequency climatology at the Andes/Amazon transition: 1. Seasonal and diurnal cycles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cloud frequency climatology at the Andes/Amazon transition: 1. Seasonal and diurnal cycles Kate-scale cloud patterns. We examine the cloud climatology of a tropical Andean montane region in the context Satellite Cloud Climatology Project) DX cloud product (1983­2008), MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging

Malhi, Yadvinder

296

Seasonal mass-balance gradients in Norway L.A. RASMUSSEN,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Seasonal mass-balance gradients in Norway L.A. RASMUSSEN,1 L.M. ANDREASSEN2,3 1 Department of Earth@ess.washington.edu 2 Norwegian Water Resources and Energy Directorate (NVE), PO Box 5091, Majorstua, NO-0301 Oslo, Norway 3 Department of Geosciences, University of Oslo, Blindern, NO-0316 Oslo, Norway ABSTRACT

Rasmussen, L.A.

297

Seasonal variation in the energy content of benthic macroinvertebrates of Lake Nainital, U.P., India  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The paper discusses seasonal variation in the energy contents of four macrobenthic invertebrates of Lake Nainital during 197778. The energy values varied from 1697119437 J/g...Tubifex tubifex, 16 51120 231 J/g...

P. K. Gupta; M. C. Pant

1983-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Seasonal measurements of acetone and methanol: Abundances and implications for atmospheric budgets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, 2002] and photochemical produc- tion from hydrocarbon precursors. Methanol is often the most abundantSeasonal measurements of acetone and methanol: Abundances and implications for atmospheric budgets December 2005; published 21 February 2006. [1] Acetone and methanol have been measured hourly at a rural

Cohen, Ronald C.

299

Diurnal-seasonal and weather-related variations of land surface temperature observed from geostationary satellites  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Diurnal-seasonal and weather-related variations of land surface temperature observed from geostationary satellites Konstantin Y. Vinnikov,1 Yunyue Yu,2 M. K. Rama Varma Raja,3 Dan Tarpley,2 and Mitchell geostationary satellites, GOES-8 and GOES-10, are presented as a sum of time-dependent expected value (diurnal

Vinnikov, Konstantin

300

Potato Late blight Update and Late Season Recommendations Willie Kirk. PLP  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Potato Late blight Update and Late Season Recommendations Willie Kirk. PLP Potato late blight has confirmations in potatoes have been the US-23 genotype. This was confirmed by GPI allozyme analysis. Conditions remain conducive for late blight in potato crops and the risk of tuber blight is high especially

Douches, David S.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "median normal seasonal" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

INVESTIGATION OF SEASONAL SEA-ICE THICKNESS VARIABILITY IN THE ROSS SEA Beth A. Schellenberg  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

routinely produced weekly ice charts since the 1970's. From the period of 1995 to 2000, classificationINVESTIGATION OF SEASONAL SEA-ICE THICKNESS VARIABILITY IN THE ROSS SEA Beth A. Schellenberg P1.23 1. INTRODUCTION A number of studies suggest a connections between sea-ice variability

Geiger, Cathleen

302

Seasonal predictions of ice extent in the Arctic Ocean R. W. Lindsay,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Service and the U. S. National Ice Center) produces summer outlooks of ice conditions for specific regionsSeasonal predictions of ice extent in the Arctic Ocean R. W. Lindsay,1 J. Zhang,1 A. J. Schweiger,1 29 February 2008. [1] How well can the extent of arctic sea ice be predicted for lead periods of up

Zhang, Jinlun

303

Seasonal contrast in the surface energy balance of the Sahel R. L. Miller,1,2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Africa, soil moisture is often so depleted that solar heating is balanced mainly by longwave radiationSeasonal contrast in the surface energy balance of the Sahel R. L. Miller,1,2 A. Slingo,3,4 J. C (AMF) in Niamey, Niger, evaporation makes a significant contribution to the surface energy balance only

304

Study of Applications of Solar Heating Systems with Seasonal Storage in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In most northern parts of China, it is cold in winter and needs space heating in winter. This paper studies applications of solar heating systems with seasonal storage in China. A typical residential district was selected, and a solar heating system...

Yu, G.; Zhao, X.; Chen, P.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Supporting Online Material for: Carbon in Amazon forests: Unexpected seasonal fluxes and disturbance-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

forest, and the effects of selective logging and land-use change. Three eddy covariance towers operate the Santarém-Cuiabá highway (1), plus the Km 67 and Km 83 tower sites, which constitute a control seasonal variations in important climatic variables at this site: solar radiation, net radiation, air

306

Prediction of Seasonal Atlantic Basin Accumulated Cyclone Energy from 1 July PHILIP J. KLOTZBACH  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with several no-skill metrics (Klotzbach and Gray 2009), with the early April forecast showing less skill approximately 80% of the cross-validated hindcast variance for integrated seasonal metrics such as net tropical- lized primarily weather station and radiosonde data (e.g., Gray et al. 1994). During the past 10­15 yr

Gray, William

307

WindEvaporation Feedback and Abrupt Seasonal Transitions of Weak, Axisymmetric Hadley Circulations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Wind­Evaporation Feedback and Abrupt Seasonal Transitions of Weak, Axisymmetric Hadley Circulations dynamics because the barotropic component of the Hadley circulation, which is coupled to the baroclinic-equatorial Hadley cell can create barotropic westerlies that constructively add to the baroclinic wind

308

Seasonal salt budget of the northwestern tropical Atlantic Ocean along 38o  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

cycle of local storage. 1. Introduction Salinity affects the density of seawater, spatial gradients cycle of local storage. The strongest seasonal cycle of precipitation occurs at 8o N and is balanced by horizontal advection and local storage. At 12o N the balance is mostly local, with only a minor contribution

Carton, James

309

Seasonal Variation in Monthly Average Air Change Rates Using Passive Tracer Gas Measurements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of indoor air pollution sources. Concurrently, great efforts are made to make buildings energy efficient 1970s, while less attention has been paid to IAQ. Insufficient venting of indoor air pollutantsSeasonal Variation in Monthly Average Air Change Rates Using Passive Tracer Gas Measurements Marie

Hansen, René Rydhof

310

Room Temperature Control During Season Switchover with Single Duct Variable Air Volume System Without Reheat  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of VAV boxes to maintain room temperature at their setpoints. The thermostat action is switched from direct acting (DA) to reverse acting (RA) when the season changes from fall to winter and vice versa from winter to spring, based on the out side air...

Liu, C.; Deng, S.; Claridge, D. E.; Turner, W. D.; Bruner, H.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Transport pathways for Asian pollution outflow over the Pacific: Interannual and seasonal variations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Meteorology and Atmospheric Dynamics: Synoptic-scale meteorology; KEYWORDS: pollution transport, outflow emissions and of the export of Asian pollution to the global atmosphere. This was one of the majorTransport pathways for Asian pollution outflow over the Pacific: Interannual and seasonal

Liu, Hongyu

312

Phytologia (April 2012) 94(1) 91 SEASONAL VARIATION IN THE LEAF ESSENTIAL OIL OF  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Phytologia (April 2012) 94(1) 91 SEASONAL VARIATION IN THE LEAF ESSENTIAL OIL OF TAXODIUM DISTICHUM Robert_Adams@baylor.edu ABSTRACT The leaf essential oil of Taxodium distichum is dominated by -pinene (63-69%) with moderate amounts of limonene, - phellandrene, myrcene and -pinene. Oil yield increased from April (3.45 mg

Adams, Robert P.

313

Ecological assessment of Phragmites australis wetlands using multi-season2 SPOT-5 scenes3  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Ecological assessment of Phragmites australis wetlands using multi-season2 SPOT-5 scenes3 4 5 indices; multitemporal46 imagery; Phragmites australis; vegetation structure, SPOT-5 satellite; state).59 Common reed Phragmites australis (Cav. Trin. ex Steudel) is the most widely distributed60 flowering plant

Boyer, Edmond

314

Seasonal and interannual variability in algal biomass and primary production in the Mediterranean Sea, as derived from 4 years of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Seasonal and interannual variability in algal biomass and primary production in the Mediterranean biomass and primary production on a long- term basis is required to detect possible modificationsWiFS observations. Seasonal variations of algal biomass (estimated using a previously developed regional algorithm

Bricaud, Annick

315

An estimate of monthly global emissions of anthropogenic CO2: Impact on the seasonal cycle of atmospheric CO2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An estimate of monthly global emissions of anthropogenic CO2: Impact on the seasonal cycle of anthropogenic CO2 are presented. Approximating the seasonal CO2 emission cycle using a 2-harmonic Fourier series with regions of strong anthropogenic CO2 emissions. Citation: Erickson, D. J., III, R. T. Mills, J. Gregg, T. J

Hoffman, Forrest M.

316

Instrumented elephant seals reveal the seasonality in chlorophyll and light-mixing regime in the iron-fertilized Southern Ocean  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Instrumented elephant seals reveal the seasonality in chlorophyll and light-mixing regime and salinity provided by sensors mounted on the elephant seals of Kerguelen Island. Our results were mainly. Xing, H. Claustre, and C. Guinet (2013), Instrumented elephant seals reveal the seasonality

Claustre, Hervé

317

Seasonal dripwater Mg/Ca and Sr/Ca variations driven by cave ventilation: Implications for and modeling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Seasonal dripwater Mg/Ca and Sr/Ca variations driven by cave ventilation: Implications of Mg/ Ca (and Sr/Ca) and Sr isotopes is key in delineating whether Mg/Ca and Sr/Ca variations seasonal variations in dripwater Mg/Ca and Sr/Ca, whereas the other drip sites do not. In contrast

Banner, Jay L.

318

Combinatorics and Boson normal ordering: A gentle introduction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We discuss a general combinatorial framework for operator ordering problems by applying it to the normal ordering of the powers and exponential of the boson number operator. The solution of the problem is given in terms of Bell and Stirling numbers enumerating partitions of a set. This framework reveals several inherent relations between ordering problems and combinatorial objects, and displays the analytical background to Wick's theorem. The methodology can be straightforwardly generalized from the simple example given herein to a wide class of operators.

Blasiak, P; Penson, K A; Solomon, A I; Duchamp, G H E

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Combinatorics and Boson normal ordering: A gentle introduction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We discuss a general combinatorial framework for operator ordering problems by applying it to the normal ordering of the powers and exponential of the boson number operator. The solution of the problem is given in terms of Bell and Stirling numbers enumerating partitions of a set. This framework reveals several inherent relations between ordering problems and combinatorial objects, and displays the analytical background to Wick's theorem. The methodology can be straightforwardly generalized from the simple example given herein to a wide class of operators.

P. Blasiak; A. Horzela; K. A. Penson; A. I. Solomon; G. H. E. Duchamp

2007-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

320

Frequency combs and platicons in optical microresonators with normal GVD  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We predict the existence of a novel type of the flat-top dissipative solitonic pulses, "platicons", in microresonators with normal group velocity dispersion (GVD). We propose methods to generate these platicons from cw pump. Their duration may be altered significantly by tuning the pump frequency. The transformation of a discrete energy spectrum of dark solitons of the Lugiato-Lefever equation into a quasicontinuous spectrum of platicons is demonstrated. Generation of similar structures is also possible with bi-harmonic, phase/amplitude modulated pump or via laser injection locking.

Lobanov, V E; Kippenberg, T J; Gorodetsky, M L

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "median normal seasonal" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Asymptotic normalization coefficients for B-10->Be-9+p  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

started the Asymptotic normalization coefficient A. M. Mukhamedzhanov, H. L. Clark, C. A. Gagliardi, Y.-W Cyclotron Institute, Texas A&M University V. Burjan, J. Cejpek Institute for Nuclear Physics, Czech Academ F. Carstoi Institute of Atomic...! the 7Be(p ,g)8B radiative capture cross section at ver astrophysics. @S0556-2813~97!02109-2# PACS number~s!: 25.70.Hi, 21.10.Jx, 24.10.Ht, 25.70.B I. INTRODUCTION Despite considerable experimental and theoretical progress in determining...

Mukhamedzhanov, AM; Clark, HL; Gagliardi, Carl A.; Lui, YW; Trache, L.; Tribble, Robert E.; Xu, HM; Zhou, XG; Burjan, V.; Cejpek, J.; Kroha, V.; Carstoiu, F.

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Crossover SAFT Equation of State:? Application for Normal Alkanes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Crossover SAFT Equation of State:? Application for Normal Alkanes ... In this paper we develop a crossover modification of the statistical associating fluid theory (SAFT) equation of state for macromolecular chain fluids which incorporates the scaling laws asymptotically close to the critical point and is transformed into the original classical SAFT equation of state far away from the critical point. ... We show that, over a wide range of states, the crossover SAFT model yields a much better representation of the thermodynamic properties of pure fluids than the original SAFT equation of state. ...

S. B. Kiselev; J. F. Ely

1999-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

323

Seasonal variation of upper tropospheric and lower stratospheric equatorial waves over the tropical Pacific  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Upper tropospheric and lower stratospheric wind data spanning 31 years from 1964 to 1994 were analyzed at rawinsonde stations in the central/western Pacific. Traditional spectral and cross-spectral analysis led to the conclusion that there is a significant signal with periods between 3 and 4.5 days, which the authors link with the dominant antisymmetric waves predicted by theory to have these periods, mixed Rossby-gravity waves, and equatorial Rossby waves. Then the authors applied the seasonally varying spectral analysis method developed by Madden to study the average seasonal variation of these waves. The seasonally varying analysis suggested that there are significant twice-yearly maxima in equatorial wave activity throughout the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere, with peaks occurring in late winter-spring and in late summer-fall. The twice-yearly signal was most prominent at the 70-hPa and 100-hPa levels. Similar and consistent results were also shown by an autoregressive cyclic spectral analysis. The cyclic spectral analysis suggested that the frequency characteristics of the v-wind wave power are different during the two maxima at some stations. In addition, the seasonally varying squared coherence between the u and v winds and the associated phase implied that there is horizontal momentum flux associated with these waves and that the sign of the flux is different during the two maxima. The differences in wave characteristics during the maxima periods may be related to different wave modes, seasonal variation of the basic zonal state, or possibly to different equatorial wave forcing mechanisms (i.e., convective versus lateral excitations). 52 refs., 12 figs.

Wikle, C.K.; Tsing-Chang Chen [Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA (United States)] [Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA (United States); Madden, R.A. [National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, CO (United States)] [National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, CO (United States)

1997-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

324

Seasonally Resolved Surface Water (delta)14C Variability in the Lombok Strait: A Coralline Perspective  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have explored surface water mixing in the Lombok Strait through a {approx}bimonthly resolved surface water {Delta}{sup 14}C time-series reconstructed from a coral in the Lombok Strait that spans 1937 through 1990. The prebomb surface water {Delta}{sup 14}C average is -60.5{per_thousand} and individual samples range from -72{per_thousand} to 134{per_thousand}. The annual average post-bomb maximum occurs in 1973 and is 122{per_thousand}. The timing of the post-bomb maximum is consistent with a primary subtropical source for the surface waters in the Indonesian Seas. During the post-bomb period the coral records regular seasonal cycles of 5-20{per_thousand}. Seasonal high {Delta}{sup 14}C occur during March-May (warm, low salinity), and low {Delta}{sup 14}C occur in September (cool, higher salinity). The {Delta}{sup 14}C seasonality is coherent and in phase with the seasonal {Delta}{sup 14}C cycle observed in Makassar Strait. We estimate the influence of high {Delta}{sup 14}C Makassar Strait (North Pacific) water flowing through the Lombok Strait using a two endmember mixing model and the seasonal extremes observed at the two sites. The percentage of Makassar Strait water varies between 16 and 70%, and between 1955 and 1990 it averages 40%. During La Nina events there is a higher percentage of Makassar Strait (high {Delta}{sup 14}C) water in the Lombok Strait.

Guilderson, T P; Fallon, S J; Moore, M D; Schrag, D P; Charles, C D

2008-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

325

A Normal Stellar Disk in the Galaxy Malin 1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Since its discovery, Malin 1 has been considered the prototype and most extreme example of the class of giant low surface brightness disk galaxies. Examination of an archival Hubble Space Telescope I-band image reveals that Malin 1 contains a normal stellar disk that was not previously recognized, having a central I-band surface brightness of mu_0 = 20.1 mag arcsec^-2 and a scale length of 4.8 kpc. Out to a radius of ~10 kpc, the structure of Malin 1 is that of a typical SB0/a galaxy. The remarkably extended, faint outer structure detected out to r~100 kpc appears to be a photometrically distinct component and not a simple extension of the inner disk. In terms of its disk scale length and central surface brightness, Malin 1 was originally found to be a very remote outlier relative to all other known disk galaxies. The presence of a disk of normal size and surface brightness in Malin 1 suggests that such extreme outliers in disk properties probably do not exist, but underscores the importance of the extended outer disk regions for a full understanding of the structure and formation of spiral galaxies.

A. J. Barth

2006-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

326

Relationship between Use Value and Ecological Importance of Floristic Resources of Seasonally Dry Tropical Forest in the Balsas River Basin, Mxico  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Relationship between Use Value and Ecological Importance of Floristic Resources of Seasonally Dry Tropical Forest in the Balsas River Basin, Mxico. The use of seasonally dry tropical forest in t...

Belinda Maldonado; Javier Caballero; Alfonso Delgado-Salinas

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Ski Season 2008-09: Change is the Only Constant The Anaconda-Pintler Range from Mill Creek highway, near Mount Haggin Nordic Ski Area.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

under the lights). My place on the sidelines has been typical this season. I have only skied one day for only four days around Christmas time. At that early point in the season, I decided to take a break

Bardsley, John

328

Establishment of warm-season native grasses and forbs on drastically disturbed lands  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Establishment of warm-season native grasses and forbs (WSNGs) has been viewed by landowners, agronomists, natural resource managers and reclamation specialists as being too expensive and difficult, especially for reclamation, which requires early stand closure and erosion control. Natural resource managers have learned a great deal about establishing WSNGs since the implementation of the 1985 Farm Bill`s Conservation Reserve Program (CRP). Reclamation specialists must begin to use this information to improve reclamation success. Quality control of seed equipment and planting methods has been proven to be the crucial first step in successful establishment. Seedling germination, growth and development of WSNGs are different from that of introduced cool-season grasses and legumes. Specialized seed drills and spring planting periods are essential. Because shoot growth lags far behind root growth the first two seasons, WSNGs often are rejected for reclamation use. Usually, the rejection is based on preconceived notions that bare ground will erode and on reclamation specialists` desire for a closed, uniform, grassy lawn. WSNG`s extensive root systems inhibit rill and gully erosion by the fall of the first season. Planting a weakly competitive, short-lived nurse crop such as perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne) at low rates with the WSNG mixture can reduce first-season sheet and rill erosion problems and give an appearance of a closed stand. Benefits of WSNGs in soil building and their acid-tolerance make them ideal species for reclamation of drastically disturbed lands. WSNGs and forbs enhance wildlife habitat and promote natural succession and the invasion of the reclamation site by other native species, particularly hardwood trees, increasing diversity and integrating the site into the local ecosystem. This is perhaps their most important attribute. Most alien grasses and legumes inhibit natural succession, slowing the development of a stable mine soil ecosystem. This paper outlines one successful methodology to establish warm-season grasses and forbs on abandoned mine lands in Missouri. The methodology can be successfully adapted for reclamation of all drastically disturbed lands including Title V lands under the Surface Mining Control Reclamation Act of 1977 (PL95-87) to promote ecosystem diversity and stability.

Miller, S. [Missouri Dept. of Natural Resources, Jefferson City, MO (United States)

1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

329

The effect of anthropogenic emissions corrections on the seasonal cycle of atmospheric CO2  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A previous study (Erickson et al. 2008) approximated the monthly global emission estimates of anthropogenic CO{sub 2} by applying a 2-harmonic Fourier expansion with coefficients as a function of latitude to annual CO{sub 2} flux estimates derived from United States data (Blasing et al. 2005) that were extrapolated globally. These monthly anthropogenic CO{sub 2} flux estimates were used to model atmospheric concentrations using the NASA GEOS-4 data assimilation system. Local variability in the amplitude of the simulated CO{sub 2} seasonal cycle were found to be on the order of 2-6 ppmv. Here we used the same Fourier expansion to seasonally adjust the global annual fossil fuel CO{sub 2} emissions from the SRES A2 scenario. For a total of four simulations, both the annual and seasonalized fluxes were advected in two configurations of the NCAR Community Atmosphere Model (CAM) used in the Carbon-Land Model Intercomparison Project (C-LAMP). One configuration used the NCAR Community Land Model (CLM) coupled with the CASA (carbon only) biogeochemistry model and the other used CLM coupled with the CN (coupled carbon and nitrogen cycles) biogeochemistry model. All four simulations were forced with observed sea surface temperatures and sea ice concentrations from the Hadley Centre and a prescribed transient atmospheric CO{sub 2} concentration for the radiation and land forcing over the 20th century. The model results exhibit differences in the seasonal cycle of CO{sub 2} between the seasonally corrected and uncorrected simulations. Moreover, because of differing energy and water feedbacks between the atmosphere model and the two land biogeochemistry models, features of the CO{sub 2} seasonal cycle were different between these two model configurations. This study reinforces previous findings that suggest that regional near-surface atmospheric CO{sub 2} concentrations depend strongly on the natural sources and sinks of CO{sub 2}, but also on the strength of local anthropogenic CO{sub 2} emissions and geographic position. This work further attests to the need for remotely sensed CO{sub 2} observations from space.

Hoffman, Forrest M [ORNL] [ORNL; Erickson III, David J [ORNL] [ORNL; Blasing, T J [ORNL] [ORNL

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Asymptotic normalization coefficients, spectroscopic factors, and direct radiative capture rates  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. The summation over lB and jB is carried out over the values allowed by angular momentum and parity conser- vation in the virtual process B?A1p . The overlap function is the projection of the state wB onto the two-body channel wAwp . This projection..., the spectroscopic factor. The asymptotic behavior of the radial overlap function is given by IAplB jB B ~r ! ? r.RN CAplB jB B W 2hB ,lB11/2~2kBr ! r . ~3! Asymptotic normalization coefficients, spectroscopi A. M. Mukhamedzhanov, C. Cyclotron Institute...

Mukhamedzhanov, AM; Gagliardi, Carl A.; Tribble, Robert E.

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Single-molecule kinetic energy of condensed normal deuterium  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Inelastic scattering of 300-meV neutrons allows the study of the liquid (T=20 and 30 K, saturated vapor pressure) and solid (T=4.2 K, saturated vapor pressure) phases of the normal deuterium mixture (2/3 o-D2+1/3 p-D2) in the region of momentum transfer where a single-molecule response is expected. The spectra are analyzed within the impulse approximation and assuming Gaussian momentum distributions for the translation of the molecules. For the solid, the estimated value of the single-molecule average kinetic energy does not compare unfavorably with those obtained scaling experimental results in parahydrogen solids. In the liquid state, substantial departures seem to exist from the classical liquid behavior, even if up to second-order quantum corrections are taken into account. 1996 The American Physical Society.

F. J. Mompen; M. Garca-Hernndez; F. J. Bermejo; S. M. Bennington

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Insolation data manual and direct normal solar radiation data manual  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Insolation Data Manual presents monthly averaged data which describes the availability of solar radiation at 248 National Weather Service (NWS) stations, principally in the United States. Monthly and annual average daily insolation and temperature values have been computed from a base of 24--25 years of data, generally from 1952--1975, and listed for each location. Insolation values represent monthly average daily totals of global radiation on a horizontal surface and are depicted using the three units of measurement: kJ/m{sup 2} per day, Btu/ft{sup 2} per day and langleys per day. Average daily maximum, minimum and monthly temperatures are provided for most locations in both Celsius and Fahrenheit. Heating and cooling degree-days were computed relative to a base of 18.3 C (65 F). For each station, global {bar K}{sub T} (cloudiness index) values were calculated on a monthly and annual basis. Global {bar K}{sub T} is an index of cloudiness and indicates fractional transmittance of horizontal radiation, from the top of the atmosphere to the earth's surface. The second section of this volume presents long-term monthly and annual averages of direct normal solar radiation for 235 NWS stations, including a discussion of the basic derivation process. This effort is in response to a generally recognized need for reliable direct normal data and the recent availability of 23 years of hourly averages for 235 stations. The relative inaccessibility of these data on microfiche further justifies reproducing at least the long-term averages in a useful format. In addition to a definition of terms and an overview of the ADIPA model, a discussion of model validation results is presented.

none,

1990-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Annual and Seasonal Global Variation in Total Ozone and Layer-Mean Ozone,  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Atmospheric Trace Gases » Ozone » Total Ozone and Layer-Mean Ozone Atmospheric Trace Gases » Ozone » Total Ozone and Layer-Mean Ozone Annual and Seasonal Global Variation in Total Ozone and Layer-Mean Ozone, 1958-1987 (1991) DOI: 10.3334/CDIAC/atg.ndp023 data Data Investigators J. K. Angell, J. Korshover, and W. G. Planet Description For 1958 through 1987, this data base presents total ozone variations and layer mean ozone variations expressed as percent deviations from the 1958 to 1977 mean. The total ozone variations were derived from mean monthly ozone values published in Ozone Data for the World by the Atmospheric Environment Service in cooperation with the World Meteorological Organization. The layer mean ozone variations are derived from ozonesonde and Umkehr observations. The data records include year, seasonal and annual

334

Product Price Spreads Over Crude Oil Vary With Seasons and Supply/Demand  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

6 6 Notes: Of course, petroleum product prices don't move in lockstep to crude oil prices, for a number of reasons. We find it useful to look at variations in the spread between product and crude oil prices, in this case comparing spot market prices for each. The difference between heating oil and crude oil spot prices tends to vary seasonally; that is, it's generally higher in the winter, when demand for distillate fuels is higher due to heating requirements, and lower in the summer. (Gasoline, as we'll see later, generally does the opposite.) However, other factors affecting supply and demand, including the relative severity of winter weather, can greatly distort these "typical" seasonal trends. As seen on this chart, the winters of 1995-96 and 1996-97 featured

335

Derivation of Seasonal Cloud Properties at ARM-NSA from Multispectral MODIS Data  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Derivation of Seasonal Cloud Properties at ARM-NSA Derivation of Seasonal Cloud Properties at ARM-NSA from Multispectral MODIS Data D. A. Spangenberg Analytical Services and Materials, Inc. Hampton, Virginia P. Minnis National Aeronautics and Space Administration Langley Research Center Hampton, Virginia T. Uttal National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Environmental Technology Laboratory Boulder, Colorado Q. Z. Trepte and S. S.-Mack Science Applications International Corporation Hampton, Virginia Introduction Improving climate model predictions over earth's Polar Regions requires a complete knowledge of polar cloud microphysics. Over the Arctic, there is minimal contrast between the clouds and background snow surface observed in satellite data, especially for visible wavelengths. This makes it difficult to

336

Seasonal variations in the stable carbon isotopic signature of biogenic methane in a coastal sediment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Systematic seasonal variations in the stable carbon isotopic signature of methane gas occur in the anoxic sediments of Cape Lookout Bight, a lagoonal basin on North Carolina's Outer Banks. Values for the carbon isotope ratio (delta /sup 13/C) of methane range from -57.3 per mil during summer to -68.5 per mil during winter in gas bubbles with an average methane content of 95%. The variations are hypothesized to result from changes in the pathways of microbial methane production and cycling of key substrates including acetate and hydrogen. The use of stable isotopic signatures to investigate the global methane cycle through mass balance calculations, involving various sediment and soil biogenic sources, appears to require seasonally averaged data from individual sites. 17 references, 2 figures, 2 tables.

Martens, C.S.; Blair, N.E.; Green, C.D.; Des Marais, D.J.

1986-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

337

Prediction of regional seasonal fluctuations in precipitation based on chaos theory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the past decade, the combined effect of flood and drought resulted in the loss of thousands of lives and billions of dollars. Multi season ahead prediction of regional precipitation extremes could significantly reduce losses. However, the evolution of climate is highly sensitive to initial conditions, or chaotic, so practical long term prediction of precipitation in time is impossible. Adding to the difficulty, the climate system is non-stationary; with the energy available to move water and air as tracked by global average surface temperature (GAST) increasing over the last several decades2. Neither purely empirical autoregression, nor global circulation models (GCM) are sufficiently accurate. Here I use statistical methods motivated by chaos theory to predict seasonal fluctuations in regional and local precipitation with high correlation. The change in GAST is accommodated using special runs of a global circulation model to build an initial set of predictive models, while ground data is used to train, co...

LuValle, M

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Seasonal snow of arctic Alaska R4D investigations. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Seasonal snow is present on the Arctic Slope of Alaska for nine months each year. Its presence or absence determines whether 80% of the solar radiation is reflected or absorbed, respectively. Although life on the Arctic Slope is adapted to, and in some cases dependent upon seasonal snow, little is known about it from a scientific point of view. Its quantity has been grossly underestimated, and knowledge of its distribution and the extent of wind transport and redistribution is very limited. This research project dealt with the amount, regional distribution and physical properties of wind blown snow and its biological role in the R4D area of the Arctic Slope. Physical processes which operate within the snow that were studied included the flux of heat and vapor and the fractionation of stable isotopes through it during fall and winter, and the complex heat and mass transfer within the snow and between snow, its substrate and the overlying atmosphere during the melt period.

Benson, C.S.

1993-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Seasonal And Decadal Variation of the Mixed Layer Across the ACRF Using RWP Data  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Seasonal And Decadal Variation of the Mixed Layer Seasonal And Decadal Variation of the Mixed Layer Across the ACRF Using RWP Data Richard Coulter, Barry Lesht, and Brad Orr Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL INTRODUCTION The radar wind profilers (RWPs) located at the ACRF Southern Great Plains site have been collecting data for more than a decade at the intermediate facilities (I1: Beaumont, KS; I2: Medicine Lodge, KS; I3 Meeker OK) and 15 years at the Central Facility. They provide a good picture of the temporal and spatial variation across the SGP site over this time period Here we elucidate the variation of the height of the mixed layer (z i ) and precipitation, two parameters that illustrate the potential richness of the wind profiler data beyond wind profiles. Daytime Mixed Layer An automated routine, operating

340

First-order catchment mass balance during the wet season in the Panama Canal Watershed  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Summary Tropical hydrology is poorly understood for a number of reasons. Intense biological activity in the tropics introduces complexities to the hydrologic process. Bioturbation, rapid rates of decay, and intensive insect activity all tend to promote rapid flow paths in the upper soil. Aggressive weathering leads to clays depleted of light cations and deep soil profiles. Processes in the seasonal tropics are further complicated by seasonal transitions, and very large changes in catchment storage between seasons. Beginning in 2005, we installed a suite of hydrologic sensors in a 16.7ha first-order catchment in the Panama Canal Watershed to observe hydrologic variables and identify the dominant streamflow generation processes. The site is located near the village of Gamboa, which is located on the east bank of the Panama Canal at the confluence of Lake Gatun and the Chagres River. The study catchment is located on the north side of a ridge off the eastern flank of a 230m tall hill known as Cerro Pelado, and is covered by 70120year old re-growth triple-canopy forest. Measurements included: rainfall above the canopy, throughfall, stemflow, evapotranspiration, shallow groundwater levels and streamflow. Deep groundwater storage was not measured. This paper describes measurements made, data collected, and the worth of those data in estimating the mass balance closure of a first-order catchment during the wet season. We compare measurements of the different components of the water cycle with observations from other published studies from the tropics. Data analysis results indicate water balance closure errors of approximately 8%.

Justin M. Niedzialek; Fred L. Ogden

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

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341

ARM - Field Campaign - Warm-Season Data Assimilation and ISS Test  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

govCampaignsWarm-Season Data Assimilation and ISS Test govCampaignsWarm-Season Data Assimilation and ISS Test Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign : Warm-Season Data Assimilation and ISS Test 1993.06.01 - 1993.06.30 Lead Scientist : Dave Parsons Data Availability Complete output from a 10-day simulation using a high resolution mesoscale model is available at 1-hr intervals. Verification of June 1993 IOP Assimilation Dataset and its use in Driving a Single-Column CCM3 Model. Update in May 2006 from Ric Cederwall: We were expecting 4-D variational analysis results for the IOP from Jimy Dudhia's 4DVAR model (a version of MM5), but it never happened. I don't expect that we will get the dataset. For data sets, see below. Summary Special rawinsonde soundings and profiler measurements were taken over a

342

Performance investigation of a solar heating system with underground seasonal energy storage for greenhouse application  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This study reports the performance of a demonstrated 2304m2 solar-heated greenhouse equipped with a seasonal thermal energy storage system in Shanghai, east China. This energy storage system utilises 4970m3 of underground soil to store the heat captured by a 500m2 solar collector in non-heating seasons through U-tube heat exchangers. During heating seasons, thermal energy is delivered by the heat exchange tubes placed on the plants shelves and the bare soil. The system can operate without a heat pump, which can save electricity consumption and further enhance the solar fraction. It was found that in the first operation year, 331.9GJ was charged, and 208.9GJ was later extracted for greenhouse space heating. No auxiliary heating equipment was installed so that solar energy covered all the heating loads directly or indirectly. It was demonstrated that this system was capable of maintaining an interior air temperature that was 13C higher than the ambient value when the latter temperature was?2C at night. The ECOP (electrical coefficient of performance) of the first operation year was approximately 8.7, indicating a better performance than the common heat pump heating system.

J. Xu; Y. Li; R.Z. Wang; W. Liu

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Seasonal characterization of municipal solid waste (MSW) in the city of Chihuahua, Mexico  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Management of municipal solid waste (MSW) has become a significant environmental problem, especially in fast-growing cities. The amount of waste generated increases each year and this makes it difficult to create solutions which due to the increase in waste generation year after year and having to identify a solution that will have minimum impact on the environment. To determine the most sustainable waste management strategy for Chihuahua, it is first necessary to identify the nature and composition of the citys urban waste. The MSW composition varied considerably depending on many factors, the time of year is one of them. Therefore, as part of our attempt to implement an integral waste management system in the city of Chihuahua, we conducted a study of the characteristics of MSW composition for the different seasons. This paper analyzes and compares the findings of the study of the characterization and the generation of solid waste from households at three different socio-economic levels in the city over three periods (April and August, 2006 and January, 2007). The average weight of waste generated in Chihuahua, taking into account all three seasons, was 0.592kgcapita?1day?1. Our results show that the lowest income groups generated the least amount of waste. We also found that less waste was generated during the winter season. The breakdown for the composition of the waste shows that organic waste accounts for the largest proportion (45%), followed by paper (17%) and others (16%).

Guadalupe Gmez; Montserrat Meneses; Lourdes Ballinas; Francesc Castells

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Seasonal characterization of municipal solid waste (MSW) in the city of Chihuahua, Mexico  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Management of municipal solid waste (MSW) has become a significant environmental problem, especially in fast-growing cities. The amount of waste generated increases each year and this makes it difficult to create solutions which due to the increase in waste generation year after year and having to identify a solution that will have minimum impact on the environment. To determine the most sustainable waste management strategy for Chihuahua, it is first necessary to identify the nature and composition of the city's urban waste. The MSW composition varied considerably depending on many factors, the time of year is one of them. Therefore, as part of our attempt to implement an integral waste management system in the city of Chihuahua, we conducted a study of the characteristics of MSW composition for the different seasons. This paper analyzes and compares the findings of the study of the characterization and the generation of solid waste from households at three different socio-economic levels in the city over three periods (April and August, 2006 and January, 2007). The average weight of waste generated in Chihuahua, taking into account all three seasons, was 0.592 kg capita{sup -1} day{sup -1}. Our results show that the lowest income groups generated the least amount of waste. We also found that less waste was generated during the winter season. The breakdown for the composition of the waste shows that organic waste accounts for the largest proportion (45%), followed by paper (17%) and others (16%)

Gomez, Guadalupe [Departament d'Enginyeria Quimica, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, 43007 Tarragona (Spain); Facultad de Ciencias Quimicas, Universidad Autonoma de Chihuahua, 31310 (Mexico); Meneses, Montserrat [Departament d'Enginyeria Quimica, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, 43007 Tarragona (Spain); Ballinas, Lourdes [Facultad de Ciencias Quimicas, Universidad Autonoma de Chihuahua, 31310 (Mexico); Castells, Francesc [Departament d'Enginyeria Quimica, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, 43007 Tarragona (Spain)], E-mail: francesc.castells@urv.cat

2009-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

345

Technical Note: Seasonality in alpine water resources management a regional assessment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract. Alpine regions are particularly affected by seasonal variations in water demand and water availability. Especially the winter period is critical from an operational point of view, as being characterised by high water demands due to tourism and low water availability due to the temporal storage of precipitation as snow and ice. The clear definition of summer and winter periods is thus an essential prerequisite for water resource management in alpine regions. This paper presents a GIS-based multi criteria method to determine the winter season. A snow cover duration dataset serves as basis for this analysis. Different water demand stakeholders, the alpine hydrology and the present day water supply infrastructure are taken into account. Technical snow-making and (winter) tourism were identified as the two major seasonal water demand stakeholders in the study area, which is the Kitzbueheler region in the Austrian Alps. Based upon different geographical datasets winter was defined as the period from December to March, and summer as the period from April to November. By determining potential regional water balance deficits or surpluses in the present day situation and in future, important management decisions such as water storage and allocation can be made and transposed to the local level. 1

Hydrology; D. Vanham; E. Fleischhacker; W. Rauch

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

E-Print Network 3.0 - activation normal t-cell Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

normal t-cell Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: activation normal t-cell Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 HIV Infection Model Math...

347

Brazil Direct Normal Solar Radiation Model (10km) from INPE and...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Dataset Activity Stream Brazil Direct Normal Solar Radiation Model (10km) from INPE and LABSOLAR (Abstract): Normal direct solar radiation in kWhm2day for 1 year organized into...

348

Rapid acquisition of specular and diffuse normal maps from polarized spherical gradient illumination  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We estimate surface normal maps of an object from either its diffuse or specular reflectance using four spherical gradient illumination patterns. In contrast to traditional photometric stereo, the spherical patterns allow normals to be estimated simultaneously ...

Wan-Chun Ma; Tim Hawkins; Pieter Peers; Charles-Felix Chabert; Malte Weiss; Paul Debevec

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

The Energies of the Atomic Linkages in the Normal Paraffin Hydrocarbons  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...normal paraffin hydrocarbons, in the gaseous...values for the heats of combustion of these gases...values for the heats of combustion of the hydrocarbon gases,4'5...Jessup4 on the heats of combustion of normal heptane...

Frederick D. Rossini

1934-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Effects of burial history, rock ductility and recovery magnitude on inversion of normal faulted strata  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

reactivation of the normal faults may occur during coaxial contraction even though such faults are unfavorably oriented assuming typical rock friction behavior and a homogeneous stress state. Localized reverse slip on normal faults is favored when strata...

Kuhle, Nathan John

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

351

The Energies of the Atomic Linkages in the Normal Paraffin Hydrocarbons  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...No previous data Normal pentane...The new values for the heats of combustion of the hydrocarbon gases,4'5 together with new data obtained by Jessup4 on the heats of combustion of normal heptane and...

Frederick D. Rossini

1934-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Energy Spectra and Normalized Power Spectral Densities of X-Ray Nova GS 2000+25  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......research-article Papers 2020 8320 Energy Spectra and Normalized...224-0817 The X-ray energy spectra and Normalized...Conf. Proc. 115, High Energy Transients in Astrophysics, ed. Woosley S. E. (New York: AIP), 31. White N......

Kentaro Terada; Shunji Kitamoto; Hitoshi Negoro; Sayuri Iga

2002-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

353

3D culture models of normal and malignant breast epithelial cells  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

3D culture models of normal and malignant breast epithelialcells; Lee et al. 3D culture models of normal and malignantFor correspondence: mjbissell@lbl.gov 3D culture models of

Lee, Genee Y.; Kenny, Paraic A.; Lee, Eva H.; Bissell, Mina J.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

A Scheme to Retain the Hadley Circulation During Nonlinear Normal Mode Initialization  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A modified nonlinear normal mode initialization scheme is proposed which provides a possible solution to a major problem associated with nonlinear normal mode initialization. The modified scheme retains the Hadley circulation in the model and at ...

K. Puri; W. Bourke

1982-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Direct normal irradiance related definitions and applications: The circumsolar issue  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The direct irradiance received on a plane normal to the sun, called direct normal irradiance (DNI), is of particular relevance to concentrated solar technologies, including concentrating solar thermal plants and concentrated photovoltaic systems. Following various standards from the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), the DNI definition is related to the irradiance from a small solid angle of the sky, centered on the position of the sun. Half-angle apertures of pyrheliometers measuring DNI have varied over time, up to ?10. The current recommendation of the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) for this half-angle is 2.5. Solar concentrating collectors have an angular acceptance function that can be significantly narrower, especially for technologies with high concentration ratios. The disagreement between the various interpretations of DNI, from the theoretical definition used in atmospheric physics and radiative transfer modeling to practical definitions corresponding to specific measurements or conversion technologies is significant, especially in the presence of cirrus clouds or large concentration of aerosols. Under such sky conditions, the circumsolar radiationi.e. the diffuse radiation coming from the vicinity of the suncontributes significantly to the DNI ground measurement, although some concentrating collectors cannot utilize the bulk of it. These issues have been identified in the EU-funded projects MACC-II (Monitoring Atmospheric Composition and Climate-Interim Implementation) and SFERA (Solar Facilities for the European Research Area), and have been discussed within a panel of international experts in the framework of the Solar Heating and Cooling (SHC) program of the International Energy Agencys (IEAs) Task 46 Solar Resource Assessment and Forecasting. In accordance with these discussions, the terms of reference related to DNI are specified here. The important role of circumsolar radiation is evidenced, and its potential contribution is evaluated for typical atmospheric conditions. For thorough analysis of performance of concentrating solar systems, it is recommended that, in addition to the conventional DNI related to 2.5 half-angle of todays pyrheliometers, solar resource data sets also report the sunshape, the circumsolar contribution or the circumsolar ratio (CSR).

P. Blanc; B. Espinar; N. Geuder; C. Gueymard; R. Meyer; R. Pitz-Paal; B. Reinhardt; D. Renn; M. Sengupta; L. Wald; S. Wilbert

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Imaging of normal and pathologic joint synovium using nonlinear optical microscopy as a potential  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, and gout at 3.0 million. Arthritis can result in irreversible destruction and loss of normal articular

Rose, Michael R.

357

The Smith Normal Form of a Matrix Associated with Young's Lattice  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Smith Normal Form of a Matrix Associated with Young's Lattice Tommy Wuxing Cai and Richard P. Stanley Abstract. We prove a conjecture of Miller and Reiner on the Smith normal form of the operator DU be a commutative ring with 1 and M an m?m matrix over R. We say that M has a Smith normal form (SNF) over R

358

Application of the Smith Normal Form to the Structure of Lattice Rules  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Application of the Smith Normal Form to the Structure of Lattice Rules J. N. Lyness \\Lambda P and the Smith normal form of an integer matrix. It is shown that the invariants of the canonical form of Q(\\Lambda)f coincide with the elements of the Smith normal form of B = A T \\Gamma1 , the reciprocal lattice generator

Keast, Patrick

359

Kinematics and kinetics of normal and planovalgus feet during walking  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Planovalgus deformity is prevalent in cerebral palsy patients, but very few studies have quantitatively reported differences between planovalgus and normal foot function. Intersegmental foot kinetics have not been reported in this population. In this study, a three segment (hindfoot, forefoot, hallux) kinematic and kinetic model was applied to typically developing (n=10 subjects, 20 feet) and planovalgus (n=10 subjects, 18 feet) pediatric subjects by two clinicians for each subject. Intra-clinician and inter-clinician repeatability of kinematic variables have been previously reported. Variability of kinetic outcomes (joint moments and power) is reported and found to be equally repeatable in typically developing and planovalgus groups. Kinematic differences in the planovalgus foot including excessive ankle eversion (valgus) and plantarflexion, reduced ankle flexion range of motion, and increased midfoot joint dorsiflexion and pronation reflected the reported pathology. Contrary to clinical expectations no significant difference was observed in midfoot flexion or ankle eversion ranges of motion. Kinetic differences in planovalgus feet compared to typically developing feet included reduced ankle plantarflexion moment, ankle power and midfoot joint power.

Prabhav Saraswat; Bruce A. MacWilliams; Roy B. Davis; Jacques L. DAstous

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Rap G protein signal in normal and disordered lymphohematopoiesis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Rap proteins (Rap1, Rap2a, b, c) are small molecular weight GTPases of the Ras family. Rap G proteins mediate diverse cellular events such as cell adhesion, proliferation, and gene activation through various signaling pathways. Activation of Rap signal is regulated tightly by several specific regulatory proteins including guanine nucleotide exchange factors and GTPase-activating proteins. Beyond cell biological studies, increasing attempts have been made in the past decade to define the roles of Rap signal in specific functions of normal tissue systems as well as in cancer. In the immune and hematopoietic systems, Rap signal plays crucial roles in the development and function of essentially all lineages of lymphocytes and hematopoietic cells, and importantly, deregulated Rap signal may lead to unique pathological conditions depending on the affected cell types, including various types of leukemia and autoimmunity. The phenotypical studies have unveiled novel, even unexpected functional aspects of Rap signal in cells from a variety of tissues, providing potentially important clues for controlling human diseases, including malignancy.

Minato, Nagahiro, E-mail: minato@imm.med.kyoto-u.ac.jp

2013-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "median normal seasonal" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Sampling Plan for Assaying Plates Containing Depleted or Normal Uranium  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper describes the rationale behind the proposed method for selecting a 'representative' sample of uranium metal plates, portions of which will be destructively assayed at the Y-12 Security Complex. The total inventory of plates is segregated into two populations, one for Material Type 10 (depleted uranium (DU)) and one for Material Type 81 (normal [or natural] uranium (NU)). The plates within each population are further stratified by common dimensions. A spreadsheet gives the collective mass of uranium element (and isotope for DU) and the piece count of all plates within each stratum. These data are summarized in Table 1. All plates are 100% uranium metal, and all but approximately 60% of the NU plates have Kel-F{reg_sign} coating. The book inventory gives an overall U-235 isotopic percentage of 0.22% for the DU plates, ranging from 0.19% to 0.22%. The U-235 ratio of the NU plates is assumed to be 0.71%. As shown in Table 1, the vast majority of the plates are comprised of depleted uranium, so most of the plates will be sampled from the DU population.

Ivan R. Thomas

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Lagoon of Venice ecosystem: Seasonal dynamics and environmental guidance with uncertainty analyses and error subspace data assimilation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An ensemble data assimilation scheme, Error Subspace Statistical Estimation (ESSE), is utilized to investigate the seasonal ecosystem dynamics of the Lagoon of Venice and provide guidance on the monitoring and management ...

Cossarini, G.

363

Spatial patterns in seasonal and interannual variability of chlorophyll and sea surface temperature in the California Current  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

California Bight, where upwelling winds are less vigorous and/or persistent. Seasonality along south]. Basin-scale oceanic and atmospheric processes modify patterns of physical forcing and biological

Thomas, Andrew

364

Feeding habits of red drum (Sciaenops ocellatus) in Galveston Bay, Texas: Seasonal diet variation and predator-prey size relationships  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Feeding habits, seasonal diet variation, and predator size-prey size relationships of red drum (Sciaenops ocellatus) were investigated in Galveston Bay, Texas through stomach contents analysis. A total of...Penae...

Frederick S. Scharf; Kurtis K. Schlicht

2000-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Seasonal variations in biomass and species composition of seaweeds along the northern coasts of Persian Gulf (Bushehr Province)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study was carried out to evaluate the seasonal variations of seaweed biomass and species composition at six different sites along the coastal areas in Bushehr Province. Sampling depths varied among sites,...

A DADOLAHI-SOHRAB; M GARAVAND-KARIMI; H RIAHI

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Supplemental Guide for Seasonal High Water Table Indicators in Georgia's Onsite Wastewater Manual Section C: Flatwoods Region  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Supplemental Guide for Seasonal High Water Table Indicators in Georgia's Onsite Wastewater Manual) are part of the Atlantic Coast Flatwoods that run along the eastern shore of the US. They fall within

Ma, Lena

367

Seasonal prevalence and susceptibility to agrochemicals of Tyrophagus similis (Acari: Acaridae) in spinach buds and agricultural soil under greenhouse conditions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Seasonal prevalence of Tyrophagus similis was investigated from 1997 to 1998 in two spinach greenhouses in central Japan. Susceptibility of T. similis to agrochemicals was also tested in the laboratory. Tyrophagu...

Shikoh Kasuga; Hiroshi Amano

368

The Mutton Snapper (Lutjanus analis) Spawning Aggregation Fishery at Gladden Spit, Belize: Inter-annual and Within-season Dynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.............................................................................................. 33 2.5. Summary ................................................................................................ 40 CHAPTER III WITHIN-SEASON DYNAMICS OF THE MUTTON SNAPPER (Lutjanus analis) SPAWNING AGGREGATION FISHERY AT GLADDEN SPIT... ............................................................................. 45 3.3. Results .................................................................................................... 54 3.4. Discussion .............................................................................................. 60 3.5. Summary...

Granados-Dieseldorff, Pablo

2013-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

369

Seasonal agar yield and quality inGelidium canariensis (Grunow) Seoane-Camba (Gelidiales, Rhodophyta) from Gran Canaria, Spain  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The seasonal effects on yield and gel properties ofGelidium canariensis...agar were investigated at two intertidal populations at the northern coast of Gran Canaria. Physical and rheological properties were measu...

Y. Freile-Pelegrn; D. R. Robledo; G. Garca-Reina

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Nutrient content variation in wood and foliage of slash pine (Pinus elliottii Engelm.) with season and soil series  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NUTRIENT. CONTENT VARIATION IN WOOD AND FOLIAGE OF SLASH PINE (PINUS ELLIOTTII ENGELN. ) WITH SEASON AND SOIL SERIES A Thesis by RONALD HOWARD BLACKWELDER Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas AKJ&l University in partial fulfillment... of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE Decenber 1977 Najor Subject: Forestry NUTRIENT CONTENT VARIATION IN WOOD AND FOLIAGE OF SLASH PINE (PINUS ELLIOTTI ENGELM. ) WITH SEASON AND SOIL SERIES A Thesis by RONAL D HOWARD BL AC KWE L DE R...

Blackwelder, Ronald Howard

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Mercury speciation driven by seasonal changes in a contaminated estuarine environment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this study, seasonal changes of mercury (Hg) species in the highly variable estuary of So?a/Isonzo River (northern Adriatic Sea) were investigated. Samplings were performed on a seasonal basis (September 2009, May, August and October 2010) and Hg species (total Hg, methylmercury (MeHg), dissolved gaseous Hg (DGM)) in waters, sediments and pore waters were determined. In addition, a range of ancillary parameters were measured (salinity, nutrients, organic carbon (OC), nitrogen species). Hg values were interpreted using these parameters and hydrological conditions (river flow, wave height) around the time of sampling. There were no significant changes in Hg load from river to the gulf, compared to previous studies. The load was temporarily higher in May 2010 due to higher river flow. Wave height, through changing hydrostatic pressure, was most likely to cause resuspension of already deposited Hg from the bottom (August 2010). The estuary is a net source of DGM to the atmosphere as suggested by DGM profiles, with salinity, redox potential and organic matter as the most probable controls over its production. MeHg is produced in situ in sediment or in water column, rather than transported by river, as indicated by its correlation with OC of the marine origin. Calculated fluxes for THg and MeHg showed sediment as a source for both the water column. In pore waters, OC in part affects partitioning of both THg and MeHg; however other factors (e.g. sulphide and/or oxyhydroxides precipitation and dissolution) are also probably important. -- Highlights: ? Water, sediment and pore water mercury species in front of So?a River estuary were measured. ? Seasonally variable hydrological conditions were shown to influence water column Hg speciation. ? Fluxes for total Hg and MeHg from sediment to water were calculated. ? Sediment is a source of total Hg and MeHg to the water column. ? Correlation of MeHg with organic carbon of marine origin suggests in situ formation.

Bratki?, Arne, E-mail: arne.bratkic@ijs.si [Department of Environmental Sciences, Joef Stefan Institute, Jamova 39, 1000 Ljubljana (Slovenia)] [Department of Environmental Sciences, Joef Stefan Institute, Jamova 39, 1000 Ljubljana (Slovenia); Ogrinc, Nives, E-mail: nives.orginc@ijs.si [Department of Environmental Sciences, Joef Stefan Institute, Jamova 39, 1000 Ljubljana (Slovenia)] [Department of Environmental Sciences, Joef Stefan Institute, Jamova 39, 1000 Ljubljana (Slovenia); Kotnik, Joe, E-mail: joze.kotnik@ijs.si [Department of Environmental Sciences, Joef Stefan Institute, Jamova 39, 1000 Ljubljana (Slovenia)] [Department of Environmental Sciences, Joef Stefan Institute, Jamova 39, 1000 Ljubljana (Slovenia); Faganeli, Jadran, E-mail: faganeli@mbss.org [Marine Biology Station, Forna?e 41, 6330 Piran (Slovenia)] [Marine Biology Station, Forna?e 41, 6330 Piran (Slovenia); agar, Duan, E-mail: dusan.zagar@fgg.uni-lj.si [Faculty of Civil and Geodetic Engineering, Jamova 2, 1000 Ljubljana (Slovenia)] [Faculty of Civil and Geodetic Engineering, Jamova 2, 1000 Ljubljana (Slovenia); Yano, Shinichiro [Faculty of Engineering, Kyushu University, Fukuoka 812-8581 (Japan)] [Faculty of Engineering, Kyushu University, Fukuoka 812-8581 (Japan); Tada, Akihide, E-mail: tada@civil.nagasaki-u.ac.jp [Faculty of Engineering, Nagasaki University, Bunkyo-machi 1-14, Nagasaki 852-8521 (Japan)] [Faculty of Engineering, Nagasaki University, Bunkyo-machi 1-14, Nagasaki 852-8521 (Japan); Horvat, Milena, E-mail: milena.horvat@ijs.si [Department of Environmental Sciences, Joef Stefan Institute, Jamova 39, 1000 Ljubljana (Slovenia)] [Department of Environmental Sciences, Joef Stefan Institute, Jamova 39, 1000 Ljubljana (Slovenia)

2013-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

372

2010 Dry and 2009 - 2010 Wet Season Branchiopod Survey Report, Site 300  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) requested that Condor Country Consulting, Inc. (CCCI) perform wet season surveys and manage the dry season sampling for listed branchiopods in two ponded locations within the Site 300 Experimental Test Site. Site 300 is located in Alameda and San Joaquin Counties, located between the Cities of Livermore and Tracy. The two pool locations have been identified for possible amphibian enhancement activities in support of the Compensation Plan for impacts tied to the Building 850 soil clean-up project. The Building 850 project design resulted in formal consultation with the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) as an amendment (File 81420-2009-F-0235) to the site-wide Biological Opinion (BO) (File 1-1-02-F-0062) in the spring of 2009 and requires mitigation for the California tiger salamander (AMCA, Ambystoma californiense) and California red-legged frog (CRLF, Rana draytonii) habitat loss. Both pools contain breeding AMCA, but do not produce metamorphs due to limited hydroperiod. The pool to the southeast (Pool BC-FS-2) is the preferred site for amphibian enhancement activities, and the wetland to northwest (Pool OA-FS-1) is the alternate location for enhancement. However, prior to enhancement, LLNL has been directed by USFWS (BO Conservation Measure 17 iii) to 'conduct USFWS protocol-level branchiopod surveys to determine whether listed brachiopod species are present within the compensation area.' CCCI conducted surveys for listed branchiopods in the 2009-2010 wet season to determine the presence of federally-listed branchiopods at the two pools (previous surveys with negative findings were performed by CCCI in 2001-2002 and 2002-2003 onsite). Surveys were conducted to partially satisfy the survey requirements of the USFWS 'Interim Survey Guidelines to Permittees for Recovery Permits under Section 10(a)(1)(A) of the Endangered Species Act for the Listed Vernal Pool Branchiopods' ('Guidelines, USFWS 1996 and BO Conservation Measure 17 iii). The dry sampling (included as an Appendix D) followed the wet season surveys in the summer of 2010.

Dexter, W

2011-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

373

Seasonal reproduction in Spanish does and reproductive response to suckling manipulation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by monthly intervals in figure 3. Ovulation rate of the lapartomy/ 25 20 I Z IJ + 15 IL z 0 I 10 ac I OC ~ T 0 0 J F M A M J J A 5 0 N D MONTHS Figure 1. Kidding pattern of does maintained continuously with males. 2. 0 1. 5 CI 1. 0 ) ED...-three percent of the does had multiple births resulting from September matings compared with less than 15% for February breeding. Appendix table 3 gives actual twinning per- centage by month and season. Number of parturitions per doe per year averaged 1. 06...

Lawson, Janet Lee

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Thermal and economical analysis of an underground seasonal storage heating system in Thrace  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Economical analysis of the solar heating system with seasonal storage, which was established in Edirne (4139?54?N) in order to provide the heat requirement of buildings, has been fulfilled. Optimum collector area for the heating system has been determined. Total heat requirement of 69% has been met by means of heating system concerning the space heating and domestic water heating. In the accordance with the results of the economical analysis, the payback time of the heating system has been determined as 1920 years.

Berrin Karacavus; Ahmet Can

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Seasonal changes in the food habits of the Great-tailed Grackle, Cassidix mexicanus  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

collected for this study were taken within 1 mile of the university campus, and. opportunities to collect in other parts of the state were ignored. since this would tend. to emphasize dietary variation due to availability rath" r than season. Specimens... retlect a faulty sample rath" r Chan different fe ding behavior, However, eli!nination of estival data for all classes of individuals did reveal a tendency for adult males to place less emphasis on insect food than did adult females, even in non...

Davis, Walter Ragland

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

376

Seasonal Price Change and Costs of Storing Grain Sorghum in the Coastal Bend.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

or to store it in commercial I elevators for later sale. During the harvest months of -- June and July, the grain sorghum price in the Coastal E Bend usually is similar to the average Texas price, with the June price slightly above and the July price... slightly below the State price. After July the Coastal Bend " prices move away from, and above, the average Texas price. If price later in the season moves above the har- vest price by an amount that more than covers the farmer's storage costs, he...

Whitney, Howard S.; Moore, Clarence A.

1957-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Cooling season study and economic analysis of a desiccant cooling system  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 Gas Cost (3/GJ) Figure 4. 4 Gas Price vs DINC Cycle Payback Period at Various Electricity Prices SEER = 12 35 20 18 16 ~ 14 ~ 12 D o 10 8 6 o 4 $0. 06/Kwh $0. 09/Kwh $0. 12/Kwh $0. 15/Kwh $0. 'I 8/Kwh 10 20... IV ECONOMIC ANALYSIS V CONCLUSIONS 28 36 NOMENCLATURE 39 REFERENCES 46 APPENDIX A - HOUSE CONSTRUCTION DATA . . APPENDIX B - SECOND LAW COMPARISON 48 53 APPENDIX C - COOLING SEASON AND DINC CYCLE PROGRAM LISTING 72 APPENDIX D - ECONOMIC...

Lee, James Howard

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

378

Influence of row spacing on performance of short-season cotton genotypes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Hand har- vests were made at 121, 137, and 174 days after planting (DAP) on 1 Mention of commercial products or trade names is for identifica- tion only and does not imply endorsement by the author or Texas A&M University. 15 3-m row sections.../ha. Percentage maturity was determined at 121 ard 137 days after planting. At each date, differences among spacing treatments were non-significant. Genotype differences were significant at both dates; at 121 DAP, the long-season check variety (genotype 10...

Abreu, Jose?

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

379

Wholesale price rebate vs. capacity expansion: The optimal strategy for seasonal products in a supply chain  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract We consider a supply chain in which one manufacturer sells a seasonal product to the end market through a retailer. Faced with uncertain market demand and limited capacity, the manufacturer can maximize its profits by adopting one of two strategies, namely, wholesale price rebate or capacity expansion. In the former, the manufacturer provides the retailer with a discount for accepting early delivery in an earlier period. In the latter, the production capacity of the manufacturer in the second period can be raised so that production is delayed until in the period close to the selling season to avoid holding costs. Our research shows that the best strategy for the manufacturer is determined by three driving forces: the unit cost of holding inventory for the manufacturer, the unit cost of holding inventory for the retailer, and the unit cost of capacity expansion. When the single period capacity is low, adopting the capacity expansion strategy dominates as both parties can improve their profits compared to the wholesale price rebate strategy. When the single period capacity is high, on the other hand, the equilibrium outcome is the wholesale price rebate strategy.

Kwei-Long Huang; Chia-Wei Kuo; Ming-Lun Lu

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Implications of diurnal and seasonal variations in renewable energy generation for large scale energy storage  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Large scale implementation of solar and wind powered renewable electricity generation will use up to continent sized connected electricity grids built to distribute the locally fluctuating power. Systematic power output variation will then become manifest since solar power has an evident diurnal period but also surface windswhich are driven by surface temperaturesfollow a diurnal periodic behavior lagging about 4 h in time. On an ordinary day a strong diurnal varying renewable electricity generation results when combining wind and solar power on such continent sized grid. Comparison with possible demand patterns indicates that coping with such systematically varying generation will require large scale renewable energy storage and conversion for timescales and storage capacities of at least up to half a day. Seasonal timescales for versatile high quality generally applicable energy conversion and storage are equally essential since the continent wide insolation varies a factor ?3 e.g. in Europe and Northern Africa together. A first order model for estimating required energy storage and conversion magnitudes is presented taking into account potential diurnal and seasonal energy demand and generation patterns. A few scalable energy storage methods are briefly indicated.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "median normal seasonal" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Environmental, seasonal, and social modulations of basal activity in a weakly electric fish  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The electric organ discharge (EOD) of weakly electric fish encodes information about species, sex, behavioral, and physiological states throughout the lifetime. Its central command is crucial for sensory-motor coordination, and is therefore the target of plastic mechanisms that adapt fish to environmental and social challenges. The EOD waveform of Brachyhypopomus pinnicaudatus is modulated by environmental factors and the neuroendocrine system. In this study we investigate the effects of water temperature and daynight cycle upon EOD rate in this species during the breeding and non-breeding seasons. During the non-breeding season, EOD rate is a linear function of water temperature and exhibits counterclockwise hysteresis. During breeding, a thermal resistance strategy prevents the decrease of EOD rate to cooling. A nocturnal increase of EOD basal rate independent of water temperature and locomotor activity was demonstrated in isolated non-breeding adults and in malefemale dyads all year round. An additional increase of nocturnal EOD rate, probably acting as a social courtship signal, was found in breeding dyads. This additional increase of nocturnal EOD rate could not be fully explained by gonadal maturation and was modulated by social stimuli. This study provides novel data on the complex interactions between environment, reproductive cycle, social behavior, and electromotor output in an advantageous model of the vertebrate central nervous system.

Ana Silva; Rossana Perrone; Omar Macadar

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Estimation of seasonal correction factors through Fourier decomposition analysisa new  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Radon concentrations in homes have been shown to vary considerably with season. It is important to account for this by applying a correction factor to any home radon measurement of less than one year. To date, Irish radon measurement services have used correction factors based on data derived for the UK in the 1980s. In the absence of similar data for Ireland at the time, these were considered suitable for use due to the similarities between the climates, house types and lifestyles in the two countries. In order to better estimate the long-term radon concentration, measurements from 5640 Irish homes were used to derive a set of correction factors specifically for Ireland. These were generated by means of Fourier decomposition analysis and the new correction factors compared, using 95% confidence intervals, to those derived for the UK using the same analysis and to those currently in use for Ireland. In both cases, a significant difference was found between 10 of the 12 monthly seasonal correction factors. This paper presents the methods used in detail and the results of the analysis.

rlaith Burke; Stephanie Long; Patrick Murphy; Catherine Organo; David Fenton; Peter Anthony Colgan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Monitoring seasonal and annual wetland changes in a freshwater marsh with SPOT HRV data  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Eleven dates of SPOT HRV data along with near-concurrent vertical aerial photographic and phenological data for 1987, 1988, and 1989 were evaluated to determine seasonal and annual changes in a 400-hectare, southeastern freshwater marsh. Early April through mid-May was the best time to discriminate among the cypress (Taxodium distichum)/water tupelo (Nyssa acquatica) swamp forest and the non-persistent (Ludwigia spp.) and persistent (Typha spp.) stands in this wetlands. Furthermore, a ten-fold decrease in flow rate from 11 cubic meters per sec (cms) in 1987 to one cms in 1988 was recorded in the marsh followed by a shift to drier wetland communities. The Savannah River Site (SRS), maintained by the US Department of Energy, is a 777 km{sup 2} area located in south central South Carolina. Five tributaries of the Savannah River run southwest through the SRS and into the floodplain swamp of the Savannah River. This paper describes the use of SPOT HRV data to monitor seasonal and annual trends in one of these swamp deltas, Pen Branch Delta, during a three-year period, 1987--1989.

Mackey, H.E. Jr.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Monitoring seasonal and annual wetland changes in a freshwater marsh with SPOT HRV data  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Eleven dates of SPOT HRV data along with near-concurrent vertical aerial photographic and phenological data for 1987, 1988, and 1989 were evaluated to determine seasonal and annual changes in a 400-hectare, southeastern freshwater marsh. Early April through mid-May was the best time to discriminate among the cypress (Taxodium distichum)/water tupelo (Nyssa acquatica) swamp forest and the non-persistent (Ludwigia spp.) and persistent (Typha spp.) stands in this wetlands. Furthermore, a ten-fold decrease in flow rate from 11 cubic meters per sec (cms) in 1987 to one cms in 1988 was recorded in the marsh followed by a shift to drier wetland communities. The Savannah River Site (SRS), maintained by the US Department of Energy, is a 777 km{sup 2} area located in south central South Carolina. Five tributaries of the Savannah River run southwest through the SRS and into the floodplain swamp of the Savannah River. This paper describes the use of SPOT HRV data to monitor seasonal and annual trends in one of these swamp deltas, Pen Branch Delta, during a three-year period, 1987--1989.

Mackey, H.E. Jr.

1989-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

385

Preliminary survey and evaluation of nonaquifer thermal energy storage concepts for seasonal storage  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Thermal energy storage enables the capture and retention of heat energy (or cold) during one time period for use during another. Seasonal thermal energy storage (STES) involves a period of months between the input and recovery of energy. The purpose of this study was to make a preliminary investigation and evaluation of potential nonaquifer STES systems. Current literature was surveyed to determine the state of the art of thermal energy storage (TES) systems such as hot water pond storage, hot rock storage, cool ice storage, and other more sophisticated concepts which might have potential for future STES programs. The main energy sources for TES principally waste heat, and the main uses of the stored thermal energy, i.e., heating, cooling, and steam generation are described. This report reviews the development of sensible, latent, and thermochemical TES technologies, presents a preliminary evaluation of the TES methods most applicable to seasonal storage uses, outlines preliminary conclusions drawn from the review of current TES literature, and recommends further research based on these conclusions. A bibliography of the nonaquifer STES literature review, and examples of 53 different TES concepts drawn from the literature are provided. (LCL)

Blahnik, D.E.

1980-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Guidance on Utility Rate Estimations and Weather Normalization in an ESPC  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Document explains how to use estimated energy rates and normalized weather data in determining an energy service company's (ESCO's) payments under a Federal energy savings performance contract (ESPC).

387

Boussinesqs viscoelastic problem on normal concentrated force on a half-space surface  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A problem on the action of a normal concentrated force on the surface of viscoelastic half-space (Boussinesqs viscoelastic problem) is solved. The...

Latif K. Talybly

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Ar-40/Ar-39 Age Constraints for the Jaramillo Normal Subchron...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

oxygen isotope, climate record calibration of the astronomical timescale proposed by Johnson (1982) and Shackleton et al. (1990). Ar-40Ar-39 ages of a normally magnetized...

389

E-Print Network 3.0 - asymp normalization coefficients Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Summary: Department of Mathematics, Capital Normal University Beijing 100048, China Abstract: It's a joint work... our recent work on the asymp- totic stability of the waves...

390

Wetland Flow and Salinity Budgets and Elements of a Decision Support System toward Implementation of Real-Time Seasonal Wetland Salinity Management  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

acre-?feet 10. flood wetlands inches 11. the 2006/2007 flood-?up season. Sensor . the summer until fall flood-?up. Figure 4.6.

Quinn, N.W.T.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Temperature dependence of the structure of Langmuir films of normal-alkanes on liquid mercury  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Temperature dependence of the structure of Langmuir films of normal-alkanes on liquid mercury H phase behavior of Langmuir films of n-alkanes CH3(CH2)n 2CH3 , denote Cn on mercury was studied surface normal, alkanes on mercury are always oriented surface parallel and show no long-range in

Ocko, Ben

392

Generating all permutations by context-free grammars in Greibach normal form  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We consider context-free grammars G"n in Greibach normal form and, particularly, in Greibach m-form (m=1,2) which generates the finite language L"n of all n! strings that are permutations of n different symbols (n>=1). These grammars are investigated ... Keywords: Context-free grammar, Descriptional complexity, Greibach normal form, Permutation, Unambiguous grammar

Peter R. J. Asveld

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Formant Structures of Vowels Produced by Stutterers in Normal and Fast Speech Hirsch F. 1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Formant Structures of Vowels Produced by Stutterers in Normal and Fast Speech Rates 1 Hirsch F. 1 of untreated and treated stutterers, and control subjects. Locus equations have been calculated to observe a reduction of vowel space for stutterers at a normal speaking rate. When speech rate increases, no reduction

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

394

PhD Project: `Normal' and `abnormal' climates: understanding their social, psychological and statistical constructions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PhD Project: `Normal' and `abnormal' climates: understanding their social, psychological) A conventional meteorological definition of climate is an aggregation of weather over a specified period of time, however, construct their expectations of climate `normality' in different ways. Direct experiences

Hulme, Mike

395

Rendering glints on high-resolution normal-mapped specular surfaces  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Complex specular surfaces under sharp point lighting show a fascinating glinty appearance, but rendering it is an unsolved problem. Using Monte Carlo pixel sampling for this purpose is impractical: the energy is concentrated in tiny highlights that take ... Keywords: glints, high-resolution normal maps, normal distribution functions, specular highlights

Ling-Qi Yan; Milo Haan; Wenzel Jakob; Jason Lawrence; Steve Marschner; Ravi Ramamoorthi

2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Modeling and Generating Daily Changes in Market Variables Using A Multivariate Mixture of Normal Distributions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Modeling and Generating Daily Changes in Market Variables Using A Multivariate Mixture of Normal Distributions Jin Wang Department of Mathematics and Computer Science Valdosta State University Valdosta, GA 31698-0040 January 28, 2000 Abstract The mixture of normal distributions provides a useful extension

Wang, Jin

397

Original article Normal and sickle red blood cell dynamics under venular flow  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Original article Normal and sickle red blood cell dynamics under venular flow C. Allayousa , A these notions are found in sickle cell disease where sickle red blood cells become more rigid, leading. Thus, normal and sickle red blood cells are classified into different sub-groups, showing

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

398

A Filtering Mechanism for Normal Fish Trajectories Cigdem Beyan, Robert B. Fisher  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Filtering Mechanism for Normal Fish Trajectories Cigdem Beyan, Robert B. Fisher IPAB, School of Informatics, University of Edinburgh, UK C.Beyan@sms.ed.ac.uk, rbf@inf.ed.ac.uk Abstract Understanding fish surveillance, etc. However, the literature is very limited in terms of normal/abnormal fish behavior

Fisher, Bob

399

Impact of assumption of log-normal distribution on monthly rainfall estimation from TMI  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The log-normal assumption for the distribution of the rain rates used for the estimation of monthly rain totals proposed in Wilheit et al 1991 was examined. Since the log-normal assumption was originally used for the SSM/I, it is now necessary to re...

Lee, Dong Heon

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

400

The Smith Normal Form of the Incidence Matrix of Skew Lines in PG(3, q)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Smith Normal Form of the Incidence Matrix of Skew Lines in PG(3, q) Peter Sin, University. In our case D = q4I. #12;Smith normal forms A, L define endomorphisms of the free Z-module on lines. Cokernel of A is called the Smith group and the torsion subgroup of the cokernel of L is known

Sin, Peter

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "median normal seasonal" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Geometry and scaling relations of a population of very small rift-related normal faults  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

normal faults within the Solite Quarry of the Dan River rift basin range in length from a few millimetres AND SCALING RELATIONS The small normal faults are present in quarries of the Virginia Solite Corporation outcrops and quarried boulders (Fig. 2). The fault traces are typically straight, although the fault tips

402

Solar: annual and seasonal average latitude tilt GIS data (contours) for  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

latitude tilt GIS data (contours) for latitude tilt GIS data (contours) for Brazil from INPE and LABSOLAR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Annual and seasonal mean of Latitude Tilt Solar Radiation in kWh/m2/day based on data from 1995 to 2002 (Purpose): To provide a set of consistent, reliable, verifiable, and accessible global data sets for international and in-country investors and other stakeholders (Supplemental Information): The cross-calibration process worked with data from 3 ground stations: Caicó (located in the Northeast of Brazil), Florianópolis (located in the South) and Balbina (located in Amazonia). These data have been used for validation and comparison of radiation transfer models operated in SWERA to estimate the incidence of solar radiation on the surface of the country from satellite images

403

PHOTOMETRY OF VARIABLE STARS FROM DOME A, ANTARCTICA: RESULTS FROM THE 2010 OBSERVING SEASON  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present results from a season of observations with the Chinese Small Telescope ARray, obtained over 183 days of the 2010 Antarctic winter. We carried out high-cadence time-series aperture photometry of 9125 stars with i ?< 15.3 mag located in a 23 deg{sup 2} region centered on the south celestial pole. We identified 188 variable stars, including 67 new objects relative to our 2008 observations, thanks to broader synoptic coverage, a deeper magnitude limit, and a larger field of view. We used the photometric data set to derive site statistics from Dome A. Based on two years of observations, we find that extinction due to clouds at this site is less than 0.1 and 0.4 mag during 45% and 75% of the dark time, respectively.

Wang, Lingzhi; Zhu, Zonghong [Department of Astronomy, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875 (China); Macri, Lucas M.; Wang, Lifan [Mitchell Institute for Fundamental Physics and Astronomy, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Texas A and M University, College Station, TX 77843 (United States); Ashley, Michael C. B.; Lawrence, Jon S.; Luong-Van, Daniel; Storey, John W. V. [School of Physics, University of New South Wales, NSW 2052 (Australia); Cui, Xiangqun; Feng, Long-Long; Gong, Xuefei; Liu, Qiang; Shang, Zhaohui; Yang, Huigen; Yang, Ji; Yuan, Xiangyan; Zhou, Xu; Zhu, Zhenxi [Chinese Center for Antarctic Astronomy, Nanjing 210008 (China); Pennypacker, Carl R. [Center for Astrophysics, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA (United States); York, Donald G., E-mail: wanglingzhi@bao.ac.cn [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics and Enrico Fermi Institute, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637 (United States)

2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Thermal and economical analysis of a central solar heating system with underground seasonal storage in Turkey  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Thermal performance and economic feasibility of two types of central solar heating system with seasonal storage under four climatically different Turkey locations are investigated. The effects of storage volume and collector area on the thermal performance and cost are studied for three load sizes. The simulation model of the system consisting of flat plate solar collectors, a heat pump, under ground storage tank and heating load based on a finite element analysis and finite element code ANSYS is chosen as a convenient tool. In this study, the lowest solar fraction value for Trabzon (41N) and the highest solar fraction value for Adana (37N) are obtained. Based on the economic analysis, the payback period of system is found to be about 2535 years for Turkey.

A. Ucar; M. Inalli

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Aquifer thermal energy storage reference manual: seasonal thermal energy storage program  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This is the reference manual of the Seasonal Thermal Energy Storage (STES) Program, and is the primary document for the transfer of technical information of the STES Program. It has been issued in preliminary form and will be updated periodically to include more technical data and results of research. As the program progresses and new technical data become available, sections of the manual will be revised to incorporate these data. This primary document contains summaries of: the TRW, incorporated demonstration project at Behtel, Alaska, Dames and Moore demonstration project at Stony Brook, New York, and the University of Minnesota demonstration project at Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minnesota; the technical support programs including legal/institutional assessment; economic assessment; environmental assessment; field test facilities; a compendia of existing information; numerical simulation; and non-aquifer STES concepts. (LCL)

Prater, L.S.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Seasonal food habits of the coyote in the South Carolina coastal plain.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Spatial and temporal plasticity in Canis latrans (coyote) diets require regional studies to understand the ecological role of this omnivorous canid. Because coyotes have recently become established in South Carolina, we investigated their food habits by collecting 415 coyote scats on the Savannah River Site in western South Carolina from May 2005-July 2006. Seasonally available soft mast was the most common food item in 12 of the 15 months we sampled. Odocoileus virginianus (white-tailed deer) was the most common food item during December (40%) and March (37%). During May-June, fruits of Prunus spp. and Rubus spp. were the most commonly occurring food items. Fawns were the most common mammalian food item during May and June of both years despite low deer density.

Schrecengost, J., D.; Kilgo, J., C.; Mallard, D.; Ray, H., S.; Miller, K., V.

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Joint Seasonal ARMA Approach for Modeling of Load Forecast Errors in Planning Studies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

To make informed and robust decisions in the probabilistic power system operation and planning process, it is critical to conduct multiple simulations of the generated combinations of wind and load parameters and their forecast errors to handle the variability and uncertainty of these time series. In order for the simulation results to be trustworthy, the simulated series must preserve the salient statistical characteristics of the real series. In this paper, we analyze day-ahead load forecast error data from multiple balancing authority locations and characterize statistical properties such as mean, standard deviation, autocorrelation, correlation between series, time-of-day bias, and time-of-day autocorrelation. We then construct and validate a seasonal autoregressive moving average (ARMA) model to model these characteristics, and use the model to jointly simulate day-ahead load forecast error series for all BAs.

Hafen, Ryan P.; Samaan, Nader A.; Makarov, Yuri V.; Diao, Ruisheng; Lu, Ning

2014-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

408

Seasonal food habits of the coyote in the South Carolina coastal plain.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Abstract - Spatial and temporal plasticity in Canis latrans (coyote) diets require regional studies to understand the ecological role of this omnivorous canid. Because coyotes have recently become established in South Carolina, we investigated their food habits by collecting 415 coyote scats on the Savannah River Site in western South Carolina from May 2005-July 2006. Seasonally available soft mast was the most common food item in 12 of the 15 months we sampled. Odocoileus virginianus (white-tailed deer) was the most common food item during December (40%) and March (37%). During May-June, fruits of Prunus spp. and Rubus spp. were the most commonly occurring food items. Fawns were the most common mammalian food item during May and June of both years despite low deer density.

Schrecengost, J., D.; Kilgo, J., C.; Mallard, D.; Ray, H., S.; Miller, K., V.

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Interannual variability and seasonal contribution of thermal expansion to sea level in the Persian Gulf  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In an attempt to understand the causes of the sea-level seasonal cycle in the Persian Gulf, we investigated the relationships of sea-level data from 11 stations with atmospheric pressure and thermosteric level. Sea level is significantly correlated among all stations. The mean trend in sea level for the Persian Gulf is about 2.34mm/year. The thermosteric sea-level variability is estimated from temperature profiles at one-degree grid points. Contour maps of thermosteric level show that the height due to thermal expansion is high in summer and autumn, and low during winter and spring. The monthly mean thermostric height ranges from +2.2cm in July to ?2.1cm in February. The major change in sea level due to the thermosteric level seems to be associated with the large change of the thermohaline circulation in the Persian Gulf. The maximum expansion occurs in summer, and the maximum contraction occurs in winter. Results of the regression analysis demonstrate that from 62% to 90.2% of the variance in the seasonal cycle is due to atmospheric pressure. The inclusion of the thermosteric sea level as a secondary forcing in the regression model improves the variance explained to 78.190.7%. The remaining change should be due to the halosteric effect and upwelling. Tide-gauge stations located at the Gulf's head show high correlation with Ekman vertical velocity. There are two distinct tide gauge stations in the Persian Gulf. One is found in the first cyclonic gyre and the other in the second gyre. The inclusion of Ekman upwelling to the model, improves significantly the variations explained as well, from 82.3% to 91.9%.

F. Hosseinibalam; S. Hassanzadeh; A. Kiasatpour

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Seasonal Juvenile Salmonid Presence and Migratory Behavior in the Lower Columbia River  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

To facilitate preparing Biological Assessments of proposed channel maintenance projects, the Portland District of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers contracted the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory to consolidate and synthesize available information about the use of the lower Columbia River and estuary by juvenile anadromous salmonids. The information to be synthesized included existing published documents as well as data from five years (2004-2008) of acoustic telemetry studies conducted in the Columbia River estuary using the Juvenile Salmon Acoustic Telemetry System. For this synthesis, the Columbia River estuary includes the section of the Columbia River from Bonneville Dam at river kilometer (Rkm) 235 downstream to the mouth where it enters the Pacific Ocean. In this report, we summarize the seasonal salmonid presence and migration patterns in the Columbia River estuary based on information from published studies as well as relevant data from acoustic telemetry studies conducted by NOAA Fisheries and the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) between 2004 and 2008. Recent acoustic telemetry studies, conducted using the Juvenile Salmon Acoustic Telemetry System (JSATS; developed by the Portland District of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers), provided information on the migratory behavior of juvenile steelhead (O. mykiss) and Chinook salmon in the Columbia River from Bonneville Dam to the Pacific Ocean. In this report, Section 2 provides a summary of information from published literature on the seasonal presence and migratory behavior of juvenile salmonids in the Columbia River estuary and plume. Section 3 presents a detailed synthesis of juvenile Chinook salmon and steelhead migratory behavior based on use of the JSATS between 2004 and 2008. Section 4 provides a discussion of the information summarized in the report as well as information drawn from literature reviews on potential effects of channel maintenance activities to juvenile salmonids rearing in or migrating through the Columbia River estuary and plume.

Carter, Jessica A.; McMichael, Geoffrey A.; Welch, Ian D.; Harnish, Ryan A.; Bellgraph, Brian J.

2009-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

411

Medians and Beyond: New Aggregation Techniques for Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

power constraint (battery life), making communication very expensive. Another important issue. INTRODUCTION With the advances in hardware miniaturization and integration, it is possible to design tiny sensor devices that combine sensing with computation, storage, and communication. Availability of such de

Gao, Jie

412

Simulation, design, and testing of a portable concrete median barrier  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

highway departments are currently upgrading or expanding their major highways. This construction near a zone w1th large traff1c volumes travelling at h1gh speed creates a dangerous conflict between vehicles and workmen. To protect the vehicle occupants... Currently in Use Pacae 2 Typical Design of a Portable Barrier 3 Idealized Model of CMB System 4 Joint Spring Moment-Differential Rotation Relationship 5 Location of Vehicle Impact Force 13 Along Barrier 6 Adjustment Coefficient for Translational...

Walker, Kenneth Charles

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

413

THE MEDIAN EYE OF LIMULUS: AN ULTRAVIOLET RECEPTOR  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...BIOLOGICAL LABORATORY, WOODS HOLE, MASSACHUSETTS, AND BIOLOGICAL LABORATORIES OF HARVARD UNIVERSITY, CAMBRIDGE, MASSACHUSETTS Communicated October 14, 1963 Of...G. L., "The utilization of solar energy by aquatic organisms...

George Wald; James M. Krainin

1963-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Alternative Formulation for the p-median Problem  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It takes a feasible solution (y, z) for PH and adds to z as many zeros as necessary to fit .... for the kth longest path in a tree with applications to location problems.

415

Dependencies of high-latitude plasma convection: Consideration of interplanetary magnetic field, seasonal, and universal time factors in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

measurements were collected over the period 1998­2002. The data were first used to derive a new statistical is kept in motion by processes that couple energy and momentum from the solar wind into Earth, seasonal, and universal time factors in statistical patterns J. M. Ruohoniemi and R. A. Greenwald Johns

Shepherd, Simon

416

Seasonal and ENSO variability in global ocean phytoplankton chlorophyll derived from 4 years of SeaWiFS measurements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of a possible 184 modes, which explain 67% of the total temporal variability associated with the global meanSeasonal and ENSO variability in global ocean phytoplankton chlorophyll derived from 4 years of Sea and other sources of phytoplankton variability on global scales, which is an important component

Yoder, James S.

417

Thermochemical process for seasonal storage of solar energy: characterization and modeling of a high-density reactive bed  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Thermochemical process for seasonal storage of solar energy: characterization and modeling to maximize the use of solar energy for house heating, it is interesting to valorize the solar energy excess efficiency, and a 20 per cent share of renewable). The use of renewable energies and in particular solar

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

418

Biogeochemisiry of Seasonally Snow-Covered Catchments (Proceedings of a Boulder Symposium July 1995). IAHSPubl. no. 228, 1995. 303  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Biogeochemisiry of Seasonally Snow-Covered Catchments (Proceedings of a Boulder Symposium July 1995 Department of Environmental Sciences, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia 22903, USA KENNETH E is predominantly through the lower soil horizons, due to such processes as microbial degradation of annual litter

419

Seasonal Drought in the Greater Horn of Africa and Its Recent Increase during the MarchMay Long Rains  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper provides a review of atmospheric circulation and sea surface temperature (SST) conditions that are associated with meteorological drought on the seasonal time scale in the Greater Horn of Africa (the region 10S15N, 3052E). New ...

Bradfield Lyon

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Effects of Season and Host Physiological State on the Diversity, Density, and Activity of the Arctic Ground Squirrel Cecal Microbiota  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...EM and GC Burton. 1970. The effect of hibernation on the caecal...CL and BM Barnes. 2000. Effects of ambient temperature on metabolic...bioinformatics/btp636 . 29. Price, MN , PS Dehal and AP Arkin...squirrels: a strong litter effect across the first active season...

Timothy J. Stevenson; Khrystyne N. Duddleston; C. Loren Buck

2014-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "median normal seasonal" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Roles of Equatorial Waves and Western Boundary Reflection in the Seasonal Circulation of the Equatorial Indian Ocean  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Roles of Equatorial Waves and Western Boundary Reflection in the Seasonal Circulation of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado (Manuscript received 17 May 2005, in final form 26 October 2005) ABSTRACT An ocean general circulation model (OGCM) is used to study the roles of equatorial waves and western

Han, Weiqing

422

A unique seasonal pattern in phytoplankton biomass in low-latitude waters in the South China Sea  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A unique seasonal pattern in phytoplankton biomass in low-latitude waters in the South China Sea in phytoplankton biomass was observed at the South East Asian Time- series Study (SEATS) station (18°N, 116°E became readily detectable in the winter. The elevation of phytoplankton biomass coincided approximately

Wu, Chau-Ron

423

Seasonal variability and northsouth asymmetry of internal tides in the deep basin west of the Luzon Strait  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Temporal and spatial variability of internal tides (ITs) in the deep basin west of the Luzon Strait were examined, based on two 9-month mooring current observations from autumn 2008 to summer 2009. The baroclinic current measurements exhibited northsouth asymmetry and temporal variation. At the southern site (19.5N), the kinetic energy of diurnal IT was dominant over that of semidiurnal IT by a factor of 3 to 4, whereas at the northern site (~21N), the diurnal energy was comparable to or a little larger than semidiurnal energy. At both sites, the motions of semidiurnal IT were recognized as seasonally invariant, while diurnal IT showed notable seasonal variation, namely, stronger in summer and winter but weaker in spring and autumn. The seasonal variation was mainly modulated by the astronomical tides in the Luzon Strait rather than by the seasonal thermocline. Both diurnal and semidiurnal \\{ITs\\} contained stronger coherent signals than incoherent counterparts at two sites, but the IT at the southern site was more coherent than that at the northern site. Diurnal IT is more coherent than the semidiurnal IT at each site. The spatialtemporal variations were probably due to IT interferences from various sources within the Luzon Strait and modulation by varying background conditions.

Zhenhua Xu; Baoshu Yin; Yijun Hou; Antony K. Liu

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

EARSeL eProceedings x, issue/year 1 SEASONAL VARIABILITY IN SPECTRAL REFLECTANCE FOR  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

or threatened. Furthermore, it is estimated that about 90% of dry grassland in Switzerland have been transformed types during the growing season. Continuum removal analysis was used as a spectral transformation method GRASSLANDS ALONG A DRY-MESIC GRADIENT IN SWITZERLAND Achilleas Psomas1,2 , Niklaus E. Zimmermann1 , Mathias

Zimmermann, Niklaus E.

425

Use of Spectroradiometers to Guide In-season Nitrogen Fertilizer Applications in Irrigated Cotton in West Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Use of Spectroradiometers to Guide In-season Nitrogen Fertilizer Applications in Irrigated Cotton in West Texas Following water, nitrogen (N) is the most important constraint to upland cotton production. Most of the cotton in the semiarid western U.S.A. is irrigated, and in areas like the Southern High

Behmer, Spencer T.

426

SUMMARY OF 2013 ATLANTIC TROPICAL CYCLONE ACTIVITY AND VERIFICATION OF AUTHORS' SEASONAL AND TWO-WEEK FORECASTS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

as past forecasts and verifications are available via the World Wide Web at http Cyclone Energy (ACE) (92) 165 165 142 30 32% Net Tropical Cyclone Activity (NTC) (103%) 175 175 150 43 42 on November 18, 2013 as calculated from the National Hurricane Center's b-decks. Final season statistics

427

Effects of changing precipitation regimes on dryland soil respiration and C pool dynamics at rainfall event, seasonal and interannual scales  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, seasonality, and intensity) and the factors contributing to such effects are poorly understood. We used) is a primary pathway through which organic carbon (C) is released into the atmosphere. Rs is influenced terrestrial surface [Reynolds et al., 2007], store about 241 Pg or 15.5% of world's total of 1550 Pg organic C

Phillips, Richard P.

428

Seasonal variations of D/H and 13C/12C ratios of microbial methane in surface sediments  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... CLB is a small, partially enclosed marine basin located on the Outer Banks of North Carolina. Sulphate-reduction and methanogenesis drive the ... cm per yr)13 organic-rich (3-5% organic carbon)14 sediments of the bight interior (Station A-l)5. Seasonal variation in temperature, and possibly organic matter ...

Roger A. Burke; Christopher S. Martens; William M Sackett

1988-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

429

Elephant seasonal vegetation preferences across dry and wet savannas Scott R. Loarie a,*, Rudi J. van Aarde b  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Elephant seasonal vegetation preferences across dry and wet savannas Scott R. Loarie a,*, Rudi J Accepted 8 August 2009 Available online 6 October 2009 Keywords: African elephants Conservation ecology Land use change Habitat selection a b s t r a c t As African savanna elephants (Loxodonta africana

Pretoria, University of

430

Norconk, Report to STINASU & KSU URC 1 Report of 2007 field season (Jan to May, 2007) at Brownsberg Nature Park,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

communities of South America, like the one in Brownsberg Nature Park in Suriname, it is one of the dominantNorconk, Report to STINASU & KSU URC 1 Report of 2007 field season (Jan to May, 2007) at Brownsberg Nature Park, Suriname to STINASU (Foundation for Nature Conservation in Suriname) and the Research

Norconk, Marilyn A.

431

The Assessment and Calibration of Ensemble Seasonal Forecasts of Equatorial Pacific Ocean Temperature and the Predictability of Uncertainty  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We evaluate the performance of two 44 year ensemble seasonal hindcast time series for the Nino3 index produced as part of the DEMETER project. We show that the ensemble mean carries useful information out to six months. The ensemble spread, however, only carries useful information out to four months in one of the models, and two months in the other.

Jewson, S; Hagedorn, Rolf; Jewson, Stephen; Doblas-Reyes, Francisco; Hagedorn, Renate

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Immune expression in a damsely is related to time of season, not to uctuating asymmetry or host size  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

patterns of egg hatching and larval abundance of mites. 3. Contrary to expectation, metrics of host size immunity, and indicate the need for studies on the synergistic effects of weather and parasitism on host). The study examined whether time of season, wing cell asymmetry, or a metric of host size was related

433

Eddy-Mediated Regime Transitions in the Seasonal Cycle of a Hadley Circulation and Implications for Monsoon Dynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Eddy-Mediated Regime Transitions in the Seasonal Cycle of a Hadley Circulation and Implications symmetric boundary conditions, the Hadley cells undergo transitions between two regimes distinguishable. The center of the summer and equinox Hadley cell lies in a latitude zone of upper-level westerlies

Bordoni, Simona

434

Permanent scatterer InSAR reveals seasonal and long-term aquifer-system response to groundwater pumping and artificial  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and precisely measuring long-term and seasonal aquifer-system response to pumping and recharge. In contrast this methodology can be utilized in heavily pumped groundwater basins to analyze aquifer-system response to long characterize the storage properties of an aquifer system with a high degree of spatial resolution. Citation

Amelung, Falk

435

Long-term-average, solar cycle, and seasonal response of magnetospheric energetic electrons to the solar wind speed  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to the solar wind speed D. Vassiliadis,1 A. J. Klimas,2 S. G. Kanekal,3 D. N. Baker,3 and R. S. Weigel4. [1] Among the interplanetary activity parameters the solar wind speed is the one best correlated, and seasonal response of magnetospheric energetic electrons to the solar wind speed, J. Geophys. Res., 107(A11

Vassiliadis, Dimitrios

436

Seasonal associations and atmospheric transport distances of fungi in the genus Fusarium collected with unmanned aerial vehicles and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that predict atmospheric loads of Fusarium could inform disease spread, air pollution, and climate change. ?Seasonal associations and atmospheric transport distances of fungi in the genus Fusarium collected air pollution and disease spread. a r t i c l e i n f o Article history: Received 6 February 2014

Ross, Shane

437

Prediction of Indian summer monsoon onset using dynamical sub-seasonal forecasts: effects of realistic initialization of the atmosphere  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Ensembles of retrospective 2-months dynamical forecasts initiated May 1st are used to predict the onset of the Indian Summer Monsoon (ISM) for the period 1989-2005. The Sub-Seasonal Predictions (SSPs) are based on a Coupled General Circulation ...

Andrea Alessandri; Andrea Borrelli; Annalisa Cherchi; Stefano Materia; Antonio Navarra; June-Yi Lee; Bin Wang

438

On the seasonal and synoptic time scale variability of the North Atlantic trades and its low-level clouds  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The seasonality in large-scale meteorology and low-level cloud amount (CClow) is explored for a 55 area in the North-Atlantic trades, using twelve years of ERA-Interim and MODIS data, supported by two years of Barbados Cloud Observatory (BCO) ...

Matthias Brueck; Louise Nuijens; Bjorn Stevens

439

Seasonal and interannual variability of ocean color and composition of phytoplankton communities in the North Atlantic, Equatorial Pacific and South Pacific.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Seasonal and interannual variability of ocean color and composition of phytoplankton communities in the North Atlantic, Equatorial Pacific and South Pacific. By : Yves Dandonneaua , Pierre-Yves Deschampsb ­ Picoplankton ­ Seasonal variations ­ Variability ­ Oceanic provinces ) Contact : Yves DANDONNEAU LODYC

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

440

New method for computing ideal MHD normal modes in axisymmetric toroidal geometry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Analytic elimination of the two magnetic surface components of the displacement vector permits the normal mode ideal MHD equations to be reduced to a scalar form. A Galerkin procedure, similar to that used in the PEST codes, is implemented to determine the normal modes computationally. The method retains the efficient stability capabilities of the PEST 2 energy principle code, while allowing computation of the normal mode frequencies and eigenfunctions, if desired. The procedure is illustrated by comparison with earlier various of PEST and by application to tilting modes in spheromaks, and to stable discrete Alfven waves in tokamak geometry.

Wysocki, F.; Grimm, R.C.

1984-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "median normal seasonal" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Fuel cell system logic for differentiating between rapid and normal shutdown commands  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method of controlling the operation of a fuel cell system wherein each shutdown command for the system is subjected to decision logic which determines whether the command should be a normal shutdown command or rapid shutdown command. If the logic determines that the shutdown command should be a normal shutdown command, then the system is shutdown in a normal step-by-step process in which the hydrogen stream is consumed within the system. If the logic determines that the shutdown command should be a rapid shutdown command, the hydrogen stream is removed from the system either by dumping to atmosphere or routing to storage.

Keskula, Donald H. (Webster, NY); Doan, Tien M. (Columbia, MD); Clingerman, Bruce J. (Palmyra, NY)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Seasonal trends in the composition and ROS activity of fine particulate matter in Baghdad, Iraq  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Baghdad suffers from severe atmospheric particulate matter (PM) pollution and has limited infrastructure to monitor and control PM-pollution. To help better understand the nature of particulate matter in Baghdad, daily PM2.5 samples were collected every 6th day from September, 2012 to September, 2013. The samples were analyzed for chemical composition and cellular oxidative stress activity using a macrophage-based assay. The annual average PM2.5 concentration was 5019?gm?3, and was comprised of approximately 28% crustal materials, 26% organic carbon (OC), 17% sulfate, 12% elemental carbon (EC), and 8.0% ammonium ion. No clear seasonal trend was observed for the total PM2.5 mass and PM2.5 OC, but EC exhibited higher concentrations in the warmer months, likely due to the extensive use of electric generators operated by diesel and gasoline for cooling. April showed the lowest levels of both EC and OC compared with other months due to both sand and rainstorm events which led to increased deposition and dispersion of local emissions. Concentrations of nitrate ion were low in all seasons due to the high temperatures and low humidity, but slightly higher levels were observed in the cooler months of winter. The oxidative stress (reactive oxygen species (ROS)) activity (5935?g Zymosan equivalents m?3) of the PM was relatively lower than in other studied areas. Association between the water soluble PM constituents and the oxidative activity was investigated using a multi-linear regression model which showed no strong relationships between ROS activity and the water soluble components of PM2.5, but a moderate correlation of water soluble organic carbon from biomass burning (WSOC-BB) was observed (R2=0.52). Biomass burning PM has been shown to be an important contributor to ROS activity in other published studies, but additional work is needed to better understand the sources leading to the ROS activity in Baghdad.

Samera Hussein Hamad; Martin Merrill Shafer; Ahmed K.H. Kadhim; Sabah M. Al-Omran; James Jay Schauer

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Guidance on Utility Rate Estimations and Weather Normalization in an ESPC  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Guidance on Utility Rate Estimations and Weather Normalization in an ESPC Guidance on Utility Rate Estimations and Weather Normalization in an ESPC Subject: The use of estimated energy rates 1 and normalized weather 2 data in determining contractor (ESCO) payments under an energy savings performance contract (ESPC). Summary: As explained below, the use of estimated energy rates and normalized weather data is permitted when determining ESCO payments under an ESPC. Authority: The authority for ESPCs is established in the National Energy Conservation Policy Act (NECPA), as amended. (42 U.S.C. 8287 et seq.) Implementing regulations for ESPCs are at 10 CFR Part 436 subpart B. Guidance: Section 801(a)(2)(B) of NECPA requires that "[a]aggregate annual payments by an agency ... may not exceed the amount ... the agency would have paid (as estimated

444

Method for distinguishing normal and transformed cells using G1 kinase inhibitors  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A G.sub.1 phase kinase inhibitor is applied in a low concentration to a population of normal and transformed mammalian cells. The concentration of G.sub.1 phase kinase inhibitor is selected to reversibly arrest normal mammalian cells in the G.sub.1 cell cycle without arresting growth of transformed cells. The transformed cells may then be selectively identified and/or cloned for research or diagnostic purposes. The transformed cells may also be selectively killed by therapeutic agents that do not affect normal cells in the G.sub.1 phase, suggesting that such G.sub.1 phase kinase inhibitors may form an effective adjuvant for use with chemotherapeutic agents in cancer therapy for optimizing the killing dose of chemotherapeutic agents while minimizing undesirable side effects on normal cells.

Crissman, Harry A. (Los Alamos, NM); Gadbois, Donna M. (Los Alamos, NM); Tobey, Robert A. (Los Alamos, NM); Bradbury, E. Morton (Santa Fe, NM)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

A CW normal-conductive RF gun for free electron laser and energy recovery linac applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Todd, State-of-the art electron guns and injector de- signs,7] Summary of working group on guns and injectors, 41st Ad-A CW normal-conductive RF gun for free electron laser and

Baptiste, Kenneth

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Method for distinguishing normal and transformed cells using G1 kinase inhibitors  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A G[sub 1] phase kinase inhibitor is applied in a low concentration to a population of normal and transformed mammalian cells. The concentration of G[sub 1] phase kinase inhibitor is selected to reversibly arrest normal mammalian cells in the G[sub 1] cell cycle without arresting growth of transformed cells. The transformed cells may then be selectively identified and/or cloned for research or diagnostic purposes. The transformed cells may also be selectively killed by therapeutic agents that do not affect normal cells in the G[sub 1] phase, suggesting that such G[sub 1] phase kinase inhibitors may form an effective adjuvant for use with chemotherapeutic agents in cancer therapy for optimizing the killing dose of chemotherapeutic agents while minimizing undesirable side effects on normal cells.

Crissman, H.A.; Gadbois, D.M.; Tobey, R.A.; Bradbury, E.M.

1993-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

447

Electron yield soft X-ray photoabsorption spectroscopy under normal ambient-pressure conditions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Soft X-ray photoabsorption spectroscopy under normal ambient-pressure conditions using electron yield detection was demonstrated. This technique provided unambiguous photoabsorption data for hydrated transition-metal compounds and identified the different chemical states of cobalt ions.

Tamenori, Y.

2013-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

448

Bistructures, Bidomains and Linear Pierre-Louis Curien, LIENS, CNRSEcole Normale Superieure, Paris, France  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bistructures, Bidomains and Linear Logic Pierre-Louis Curien, LIENS, CNRS­Ecole Normale Sup hope that the structures isolated here will help in the search for a direct, extensional

Plotkin, Gordon

449

regulation. Buoys and ship-based sensors are normally used to measure the amount of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

regulation. Buoys and ship-based sensors are normally used to measure the amount of water the concept by building electronic components such as field-effect transistors. MATERIALS SCIENCE Bettercoats

Heller, Eric

450

Operating Experience Level 3, Dangers of Objects Falling into Normally Occupied Areas  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This Operating Experience Level 3 (OE-3) document provides information about a safety concern related to the dangers of items falling from heights into spaces normally occupied by workers at Department of Energy (DOE) facilities.

451

Normal control charts with nonparametric Willem Albers and Wilbert C.M. Kallenberg  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Normal control charts with nonparametric safeguard Willem Albers and Wilbert C.M. Kallenberg kicks in and as such serves as a nonparametric safeguard. Keywords and phrases: Statistical Process

Al Hanbali, Ahmad

452

Comparative Effects of Thyroidal Stimulants and Inhibitors of Normal and Tumorous Thyroids in Xiphophorin Fishes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...invasive "carcinomatous" powers and normal responsiveness...pablum-liver food, dried ocean shrimp, living tubificids...X 1Hi. FIG. 4. "High power reproduction of section...heteroclitus (Linn.). Bull. Ocean. Coll., 14:5-41...

Olga Berg; Myron Gordon; and Aubrey Gorbman

1954-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Comparison of the Plasma, Urine and Blister Fluid Pharmacokinetics of Clarithromycin and Azithromycin in Normal Subjects  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This open-label, multiple-dose study was intended to evaluate the pharmacokinetics of clarithromyin and azithromycin in plasma/serum, urine, and inflammatory and noninflammatory blister fluid, in 8 normal subj...

Dr Guy W. Amsden; Charles H. Ballow; Alan Forrest

1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Electric Resistance Welded Steels for Normalized N-80 Oil and Gas Well Tubulars  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper reports the development and successful commercialization of a manganese-molybdenum steel for use in the production of normalized electric resistance welded N-80 casing and tubing. The...

David L. Sponseller; Thomas B. Cox; Evan J. Vineberg

1984-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Guidance on Utility Rate Estimations and Weather Normalization in an ESPC  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Guidance on Utility Rate Estimations and Weather Normalization in an ESPC Guidance on Utility Rate Estimations and Weather Normalization in an ESPC Subject: The use of estimated energy rates 1 and normalized weather 2 data in determining contractor (ESCO) payments under an energy savings performance contract (ESPC). Summary: As explained below, the use of estimated energy rates and normalized weather data is permitted when determining ESCO payments under an ESPC. Authority: The authority for ESPCs is established in the National Energy Conservation Policy Act (NECPA), as amended. (42 U.S.C. 8287 et seq.) Implementing regulations for ESPCs are at 10 CFR Part 436 subpart B. Guidance: Section 801(a)(2)(B) of NECPA requires that "[a]aggregate annual payments by an agency ... may not exceed the amount ... the agency would have paid (as estimated

456

May 28-29, 2008/ARR Thermal Effect of Off-Normal Energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

#12;May 28-29, 2008/ARR 2 Power Plant FW Under Energy Deposition from Off- Normal Conditions · Thermal for Power Plant with Bare FS FW · Disruption simulation: q''=1.667 x 109 W/m2 over 3 ms (~5 MJ/m2) · 4+1 mm impact of off-normal events on power plant FW presented before for SiC and W · Questions arise

Raffray, A. René

457

Slip rate variations on normal faults during glacialinterglacial changes in surface loads  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... Here we use finite-element models to investigate why four parallel normal faultsthe Wasatch, West Valley, Oquirrh and Stansbury faults in the eastern Basin and Range Province, Utahhave experienced ... We now test whether the Late Pleistocene/Holocene increase in slip rates of the Wasatch, West Valley, Oquirrh and Stansbury normal faults may be due to isostatic rebound caused by the ...

Ralf Hetzel; Andrea Hampel

2005-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

458

Indirect methods of determination of the asymptotic normalization coefficients and their application for nuclear astrophysics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The basic methods of the determination of asymptotic normalization coefficient for A+a?B of astrophysical interest are briefly presented. The results of the application of the specific asymptotic normalization coefficients derived within these methods for the extrapolation of the astrophysical S factors to experimentally inaccessible energy regions (E ? 25 keV) for the some specific radiative capture A(a,?)B reactions of the pp-chain and the CNO cycle are presented.

Yarmukhamedov, R. [Institute of Nuclear Physics, Academy of Sciences of Uzbekistan, 100214 Tashkent (Uzbekistan)

2014-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

459

Reactive-coupling-induced normal mode splittings in microdisk resonators coupled to waveguides  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We study the optomechanical design introduced by M. Li et al. [Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 223901 (2009)], which is very effective for investigation of the effects of reactive coupling. We show the normal mode splitting that is due solely to reactive coupling rather than due to dispersive coupling. We suggest feeding the waveguide with a pump field along with a probe field and scanning the output probe for evidence of reactive-coupling-induced normal mode splitting.

Huang Sumei; Agarwal, G. S. [Department of Physics, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, Oklahoma 74078 (United States)

2010-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

460

The effects of dietary phenylalanine supplementation on ochratoxicosis in normal and partially nephrectomized rats  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE EFFECTS OF DIETARY PHENYLALANINE SUPPLEMENTATION ON OCHRATOXICOSIS IN NORMAL AND PARTIALLY NEPHRECTOMIZED RATS A Thesis By RUGER WILLIAM PARKER Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas AKM University in partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December lg83 Magor SubJect: Epidemiology THE EFFECTS OF DIETARY PHENYLALANINE SUPPLEMENTATION ON OCHRATOXICOSIS IN NORMAL AND PARTIALLY NEPHRECTOMIZEU RATS A Thesis by ROGER WILLIAM PARKER Approved...

Parker, Roger William

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "median normal seasonal" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
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461

Population of superdeformed bands, the competition with fission, and the barrier between normal and superdeformed states  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this paper we report on the entry points leading to superdeformed (SD) as well as normal bands. We find that, compared to normal bands, the entry spins for the SD bands are about 9 {h bar} higher, and the entry excitation energy 1--3 MeV colder. We also conclude that population of the SD bands represents successful competition against fission. SD bands in both the Dy and Hg regions are considered.

Khoo, T.L.; Janssens, R.V.F.; Moore, E.F.; Ahmad, I.; Carpenter, M.P.; Chasman, R.R.; Wolfs, F.L.H. (Argonne National Lab., IL (USA)); Beard, K.B.; Garg, U.; Ye, D. (Notre Dame Univ., IN (USA)); Benet, P.; Daly, P.J.; Grabowski, Z.W. (Purdue Univ., Lafayette, IN (USA)); Drigert, M.W. (Idaho National Engineering Lab., Idaho Falls, ID (USA))

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Ultrasonic absorption associated with tertiary butanol complex formation in normal-hexane solutions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ULTRASONIC ABSORPTION ASSOCIATED WITH TERTIARY BUTANOL COMPLEX FORMATION IN NORMAL-HEXANE SOLUTIONS A Thesis by SALIM MICHEL BUCARAM Submitted to the Graduate School of the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas in partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 196l Major Subject; Physics ULTRASONIC ABSORPTION ASSOCIATED WITH TERTIARY BUTANOL COMPLEX FORMATION IN NORMAL-HEXANE SOLUTIONS A Thesis by SALIM MICHEL BUCARAM Approved as to style and content by...

Bucaram, Salim Michel

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

463

Incident detection using the Standard Normal Deviate model and travel time information from probe vehicles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

INCIDENT DETECTION USING THE STANDARD iNORMAL DEVIATE MODEL AND TRAVEL TECHIE INFORMATION FROM PROBE VEHICLES A Thesis by CHRISTOPHER EUGENE MOUNTAIN Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment... of the requirement for the degree of MASTFR OF SCIENCE December 1993 Major Subject: Civil Engineering INCIDENT DETECTION USING THE STANDARD NORMAL DEVIATE MODEL AND TRAVEL TIME INFORMATION FROM PROBE VEHICLES A Thesis by CHRISTOPHER EUGENE MOUNTAIN Submitted...

Mountain, Christopher Eugene

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

464

State Heating Oil & Propane Program. Final report 1997/98 heating season  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The following is a summary report of the New Hampshire Governor`s Office of Energy and Community Services (ECS) participation in the State Heating Oil and Propane Program (SHOPP) for the 1997/98 heating season. SHOPP is a cooperative effort, linking energy offices in East Coast and Midwest states, with the Department of Energy (DOE), Energy Information Administration (EIA) for the purpose of collecting retail price data for heating oil and propane. The program is funded by the participating state with a matching grant from DOE. SHOPP was initiated in response to congressional inquires into supply difficulties and price spikes of heating oil and propane associated with the winter of 1989/90. This is important to New Hampshire because heating oil controls over 55% of the residential heating market statewide. Propane controls 10% of the heating market statewide and is widely used for water heating and cooking in areas of the state where natural gas is not available. Lower installation cost, convenience, lower operating costs compared to electricity, and its perception as a clean heating fuel have all worked to increase the popularity of propane in New Hampshire and should continue to do so in the future. Any disruption in supply of these heating fuels to New Hampshire could cause prices to skyrocket and leave many residents in the cold.

Hunton, G.

1998-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

State heating oil and propane program: 1995-96 heating season. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This is a summary report of the New Hampshire Governor`s Office of Energy and Community Services (ECS) participation in the State Heating Oil and Propane Program (SHOPP) for the 1995/96 heating season. SHOPP is a cooperative effort, linking energy offices in East Coast and Midwest states, with the Department of Energy (DOE), Energy Information Administration (EIA) for the purpose of collecting retail price data for heating oil and propane. The program funded by the participating state with a matching grant from DOE. EIA provides ECS with a list of oil and propane retailers that serve customers in New Hampshire. In turn ECS conduct phone surveys twice per month from October through March to determine the average retail price for each fuel. Data collected by ECS is entered into the Petroleum Electronic Data Reporting Option (PEDRO) and transmitted via modem to EIA. The results of the state retail price surveys along with wholesale prices, supply, production and stock levels for oil, and propane are published by EIA in the Weekly Petroleum Status Report. Data is also published electronically via the internet or through the Electronic Publication System.

NONE

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

466

Population Characteristics and Seasonal Movement Patterns of the Rattlesnake Hills Elk Herd - Status Report 2000  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Population characteristics of the Rattlesnake Hills elk herd indicate reduced herd growth rates from the 1980s compared to the 1990s (McCorquodale 1988; Eberhardt 1996). However, the population continued to grow approximately 25% annually through the 1990s, reaching a high of 838 animals in summer 1999. Calf recruitment rates appear to be cyclic and are likely related to reduced calf survival during the first weeks of life; however, late-term abortions may also have occurred. The cause(s) could be predator-related and/or a function of shifts in nutritional condition (age-class distributions, assuming older-age cows are less likely to recruit calves, major climate shifts) or changes in the human-related disturbances during gestation, and/or calf rearing periods. In fall 1999 and spring 2000, the population was reduced from 838 individuals to 660 individuals. The primary controlling factors were modified hunting seasons on private and state lands and the large-scale roundup conducted in spring 2000. Continued removal of animals (particularly females) within the population will be pivotal to maintain the population at a level that minimizes land damage complaints, animal-vehicle collisions, use of central Hanford areas, and deterioration of natural resources.

Tiller, B.L.; Zufelt, R.K.; Turner, S.; Cadwell, L.L.; Bender, L.; Turner, G.K.

2000-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

467

Seasonal Thermal Energy Storage Program: Progress summary for the period April 1986 through March 1988  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report discusses recent progress in the DOE program, directed by Pacific Northwest Laboratory, to develop seasonal thermal energy storage (STES). STES has been identified as one method to substantially improve energy efficiency and economics in certain sectors of our economy. It provides a potentially economic means of using waste heat and climatic energy resources to meet a significant portion of our growing energy need for building and industrial process heating and cooling. Environmental benefits accompany the use of STES in many applications. Furthermore, STES can contribute to reduced reliance on premium fuels that are often obtained from foreign sources. Lastly by improving the energy economics of industry, STES can contribute to improved US industrial competitiveness. The report is provided in four sections; the first being this introduction Section 2 of the report describes the program and briefly documents its organization, goals, history, and long-term plans. Section 3 describes the progress during the period from April, 1986, through March, 1988. Section 4 provides a short update on international development of STES. 17 refs., 16 figs., 7 tabs.

Kannberg, L.D.

1988-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Arthropod abundance and seasonal bird use of bottomland forest harvest gaps.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We investigated the influence of arthropod abundance and vegetation structure on shifts in avian use of canopy gap, gap edge, and surrounding forest understory in a bottomland hardwood forest in the Upper Coastal Plain of South Carolina. We compared captures of foliage-gleaning birds among locations during four periods (spring migration, breeding, post-breeding, and fall migration). Foliage arthropod densities were greatest in the forest understory in all four seasons, but understory vegetation density was greatest in gaps. Foliage-gleaning bird abundance was positively associated with foliage-dwelling arthropods during the breeding (F = 18.5, P < 0.001) and post-breeding periods (F = 9.4, P = 0.004), and negatively associated with foliage-dwelling arthropods during fall migration (F = 5.4, P = 0.03). Relationships between birds and arthropods were inconsistent, but the arthropod prey base seemed to be least important during migratory periods. Conversely, bird captures were positively correlated with understory vegetation density during all four periods (P < 0.001). Our study suggests high bird abundance associated with canopy gaps during the non-breeding period resulted less from high arthropod food resource availability than from complex understory and midstory vegetation structure.

Moorman, Christopher, E.; Bowen, Liessa T.; Kilgo, John, C.; Hanula, James, L.; Horn, Scott; Ulyshen, Michael, D.

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Observation of muon intensity variations by season with the MINOS far detector  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The temperature of the upper atmosphere affects the height of primary cosmic ray interactions and the production of high-energy cosmic ray muons which can be detected deep underground. The MINOS far detector at Soudan MN, USA, has collected over 67 million cosmic ray induced muons. The underground muon rate measured over a period of five years exhibits a 4% peak-to-peak seasonal variation which is highly correlated with the temperature in the upper atmosphere. The coefficient, $\\alpha_T$, relating changes in the muon rate to changes in atmospheric temperature was found to be: $\\alpha_T = 0.874 \\pm 0.009$ (stat.) $\\pm 0.010$ (syst.). Pions and kaons in the primary hadronic interactions of cosmic rays in the atmosphere contribute differently to $\\alpha_T$ due to the different masses and lifetimes. This allows the measured value of $\\alpha_T$ to be interpreted as a measurement of the K/$\\pi$ ratio for $E_{p}\\gtrsim$\\unit[7]{TeV} of $0.13 \\pm 0.08$, consistent with the expectation from collider experiments.

The MINOS Collaboration

2009-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

470

Seasonally-managed wetland footprint delineation using Landsat ETM+ satellite imagery  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

One major challenge in water resource management is the estimation of evapotranspiration losses from seasonally managed wetlands. Quantifying these losses is complicated by the dynamic nature of the wetlands areal footprint during the periods of flood-up and drawdown. In this study we present a data-lean solution to this problem using an example application in the San Joaquin River Basin of California, USA. Through analysis of high-resolution (30 meter) Landsat Enhanced Thematic Mapper Plus (ETM+) satellite imagery, we develop a metric for more fully capturing the extent of total flooded wetland area. The procedure is validated using year-long, continuously-logged field datasets at two separate wetlands within the study area. Based on this record, the proposed classification using a Landsat ETM+ Band 5 (mid-IR wavelength) to Band 2 (visible green wavelength) ratio improves estimates by 30-50% relative to previous attempts at wetland delineation. Requiring modest ancillary data, the results of our study provide a practical and efficient option for wetland management in data-sparse regions or un-gauged watersheds.

Quinn, N.W.T.; Epshtein, O.

2013-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

471

The Cumulative Ecological Effects of Normal Offshore Petroleum Operations Contrasted With Those Resulting From Continental Shelf Oil Spills [and Discussion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Ecological Effects of Normal Offshore Petroleum Operations Contrasted...Resulting From Continental Shelf Oil Spills [and Discussion...from normal (non-spill) offshore petroleum operations have...studies of spills of crude oil and its refined products...

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Solar-powered/fuel-assisted Rankine-cycle power and cooling system: Simulation method and seasonal performance  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The subject of this analysis is a solar cooling system based on a novel hybrid steam Rankine cycle. Steam is generated by the use of solar energy collected at about 100/sup 0/C, and it is then superheated to about 600/sup 0/C in a fossil-fuel-fired superheater. The addition of about 20-26 percent of fuel doubles the power cycle's efficiencyas compared to organic Rankine cycles operating at similar collector temperatures. A comprehensive computer program was developed to analyze the operation and performance of the entire power/cooling system. Transient simulation was performed on an hourly basis over a cooling season in two representative climatic regions (Washington, D.C. and Phoenix, Ariz.). One of the conclusions is that the seasonal system COP is 0.82 for the design configuration and that the use of watercooled condensers and flat-plate collectors of higher efficiency increases this value to 1.35.

Lior, N.; Koai, K.

1984-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

DOE-STD-1064-94; DOE Standard Guideline to Good Practices For Seasonal Facility Preservation at DOE Nuclear Facilities  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

64-94 64-94 June 1994 DOE STANDARD GUIDELINE TO GOOD PRACTICES FOR SEASONAL FACILITY PRESERVATION AT DOE NUCLEAR FACILITIES U.S. Department of Energy Washington, D.C. 20585 AREA MNTY DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. This document has been reproduced directly from the best available copy. Available to DOE and DOE contractors from the Office of Scientific and Technical Information, P.O. Box 62, Oak Ridge, TN 37831; (615) 576-8401. Available to the public from the U.S. Department of Commerce, Technology Administration, National Technical Information Service, Springfield VA 22161; (703) 487-4650. Order No. DE94014954 DOE-STD-1064-94 FOREWORD The Guideline to Good Practices for Seasonal Facility Preservation at DOE Nuclear Facilities provides contractor maintenance organizations with information

474

High intensity, short duration rotational grazing on reclaimed cool season fescue/legume pastures: I. System development  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Pittsburg & Midway Coal Mining Co.`s ({open_quotes}P&M{close_quotes}) Midway Mine lies 50 miles south of Kansas City, Kansas, straddling the border of Kansas and Missouri. P&M actively mined the area until 1989, when the mine was closed and reclaimed. Approximately 3,750 acres of surface mined land were topsoiled and revegetated to cool season fescue/legume pasture. Various pasture management methods are being utilized to meet reclamation success standards and achieve final bond release. The effectiveness and costs of various cool season fescue/legume pasture management methods are evaluated and contrasted. These methods include sharecropping, bush hogging, burning and livestock grazing. It presents guidelines used to develop a site specific rotational livestock grazing programs with land owners or contractors, and local, state and federal agencies. Rotational grazing uses both cow/calf or feeder livestock operations. Key managerial elements used to control grazing activities, either by the landowner or a contractor, are reviewed. Methods used to determine stocking levels for successful rotational grazing on this type of pasture are presented. Rotational grazing of livestock has proven to be the most effective method for managing established cool season fescue/legume pastures at this site. Initial stocking rates of 1 A.U.M. per 5 acres have been modified to a current stocking rate of 1 A.U.M. per 2.5 acres. Supporting physical and chemical data are presented and discussed.

Erickson, W.R.; Carlson, K.E. [Pittsburg and Midway Coal Mining Co., Englewood, CO (United States)

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Seasonal variability in coastal fronts and its influence on sea surface wind in the Northern South China Sea  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract High-resolution reanalysis data of Sea Surface Temperature (SST) show pronounced seasonal variations in oceanic fronts in the coastal area of the Northern South China Sea (NSCS), which are accompanied by the seasonality of monsoons. The NSCS oceanic fronts cover a wider area of the coastal sea in winter than in summer as strong winter monsoons progress. Nonetheless, the average SST gradients of the frontal area in both seasons are comparable. The response of surface wind to SST perturbations attributed to oceanic fronts in the NSCS coastal area has also been investigated by the observation data of satellite borne scatterometers and the simulation data of the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model. Both the satellite observations and the simulations of the WRF model show apparent positive linear SST-wind coupling for most months in 2008, indicating the local influence of coastal SST fronts on the sea surface wind in the NSCS. The SST-wind coupling coefficients in the NSCS coastal sea are larger than those observed at mid-latitude oceans but smaller than those observed near equatorial oceans. It is also found that the influence of topography on the sea surface wind could be more important than that of the SST front at the southern end of the Taiwan Strait in winter. The transition of the monsoon could also affect the SST-wind coupling in the NSCS.

Rui Shi; Xinyu Guo; Dongxiao Wang; LiLi Zeng; Ju Chen

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Frictional motion of normal-fluid component of superfluid H3e in aerogel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The superfluidity of liquid H3e in a high-porosity aerogel has been studied using a fourth-sound resonance technique. This technique has two significant advantages: it can directly determine the superfluid density and it can derive the transport properties of the viscous normal-fluid component. The temperature dependence of the resonance frequency revealed suppression of superfluidity and that a finite normal-fluid fraction exists even at T=0. The motion of the normal-fluid component has also been investigated. As T?0, the energy loss becomes very small, despite a finite amount of the normal-fluid component remaining. This implies that the normal-fluid component is highly constrained by the aerogel, and hence the dissipation mechanism cannot be described in terms of the conventional hydrodynamic model. We have succeeded to explain these results by introducing a frictional relaxation model to describe our observations, and found that the flow field changes from being parabolic (Hagen-Poiseuille viscous flow) to flat (Drude frictional flow) on introducing an aerogel. Numerical calculation of the relaxation time using the quasiclassical Greens-function method reproduces experimental results.

Ken Obara; Chiaki Kato; Takaho Matsukura; Yusuke Nago; Ryusuke Kado; Hideo Yano; Osamu Ishikawa; Toru Hata; Seiji Higashitani; Katsuhiko Nagai

2010-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

477

Seasonal dynamics of water and air chemistry in an indoor chlorinated swimming pool  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Although swimming is known to be beneficial in terms of cardiovascular health, as well as for some forms of rehabilitation, swimming is also known to present risks to human health, largely in the form of exposure to microbial pathogens and disinfection byproducts (DBPs). Relatively little information is available in the literature to characterize the seasonal dynamics of air and water chemistry in indoor chlorinated swimming pools. To address this issue, water samples were collected five days per week from an indoor chlorinated swimming pool facility at a high school during the academic year and once per week during summer over a fourteen-month period. The samples were analyzed for free and combined chlorine, urea, volatile DBPs, pH, temperature and total alkalinity. Membrane Introduction Mass Spectrometry (MIMS) was used to identify and measure the concentrations of eleven aqueous-phase volatile DBPs. Variability in the concentrations of these \\{DBPs\\} was observed. Factors that influenced variability included bather loading and mixing by swimmers. These compounds have the ability to adversely affect water and air quality and human health. A large fraction of the existing literature regarding swimming pool air quality has focused on trichloramine (NCl3). For this work, gas-phase \\{NCl3\\} was analyzed by an air sparging-DPD/KI method. The results showed that gas-phase \\{NCl3\\} concentration is influenced by bather loading and liquid-phase \\{NCl3\\} concentration. Urea is the dominant organic-N compound in human urine and sweat, and is known to be an important precursor for producing \\{NCl3\\} in swimming pools. Results of daily measurements of urea indicated a link between bather load and urea concentration in the pool.

Mehrnaz Zare Afifi; Ernest R. Blatchley III

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Seasonal variations in sup 7 Be activity in the sediments of Cape Lookout Bight, North Carolina  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Short-term sediment accumulation rates were determined using activity distribution of {sup 7}Be in the surficial sediments of a station (A-1) in Cape Lookout Bight, North Carolina (USA). This semi-enclosed coastal marine basin is characterized by high annual accumulation rates. Protected from high energy conditions by its geomorphology, the relatively quiescent waters of the bight's interior cause it to act as an efficient settling trap for fine-grained sediment. Lack of bioturbation in the surface sediments allowed for variations in depth-integrated activity profiles of {sup 7}Be to be interpreted as short-term accumulation events. Beryllium-7 inventories exhibited seasonal cyclicity with maxima occurring during spring (February through June). The inventory of {sup 7}Be ranged from 5.8 to 32.6 dpm cm{sup {minus}2} and was always well in excess of the atmospherically supported value ({bar x} = 3.8 dpm cm{sup {minus}2}; n = 15). Accumulation rates calculated from {sup 7}Be activity profiles indicate that the delivery of particulate matter to the sediments of Cape Lookout Bight is not constant throughout an annual cycle. The highest monthly accumulation rates appeared to be associated with north/northeastern storm activity. Inputs were generally highest during late winter/early spring when storm frequency is greatest. Short-term accumulation rates derived from this study agree with {sup 210}Pb rates calculated for a ten-year period of accumulation. The annual sediment accumulation rates for each of the two years over which the study was conducted was found to be 4.8 {plus minus} 0.8 g cm{sup {minus}2}y{sup {minus}1} and 3.7 {plus minus} 1.2 g cm{sup {minus}2}y{sup {minus}1}.

Canuel, E.A.; Martens, C.S.; Benninger, L.K. (Univ. of North Carolina, Chapel Hill (USA))

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Chemical and physical speciation of mercury in Offatts Bayou: A seasonally anoxic bayou in Galveston Bay  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A chemical equilibrium model was used to predict the solution speciation of dissolved mercury (Hg) in the stratified water column of Offatts Bayou, a subestuary in Galveston Bay, Texas, which undergoes seasonal anoxia in bottom waters. Chemical equilibrium modeling was conducted using conditional stability constants and concentrations of Hg-complexing organic ligands experimentally determined by competitive ligand equilibration methods. Dissolved Hg complexation was dominated by interactions with sulfide and dissolved organic matter (DOM) (HOHgHS0, HOHgHS(DOM), HgSHS2, and HgS 2{ 2 ) at all depths. Sulfide and glutathione competed for methylmercury (MeHg) complexation in oxic layers; in anoxic waters, sulfide complexation dominated MeHg speciation. The particlewater distribution coefficient (Kd) of Hg decreased in the anoxic layer of the water column, where the dissolved sulfide concentration increased, providing evidence that sulfide complexation influences the solubility of Hg. The solubility of MeHg was elevated in the anoxic as compared to the oxic layers, and this distributional feature was coincident with a change in the solution speciation of dissolved MeHg from glutathione/sulfide complexation in the oxic layers to a predominantly sulfide complexation in the anoxic layers. Maximum enrichment of Hg, MeHg, and iron (Fe) in suspended particulate matter was observed in the lower layer of the pycnocline, most likely resulting from formation of insoluble Fe oxide, which scavenged dissolved Hg sulfide and MeHg-sulfide species. The concomitant decrease in dissolved inorganic Hg, Fe, and sulfide in the anoxic layers is suggested to result from scavenging of inorganic Hg by FeS, which is in accordance with the Hg speciation model. Overall, Hg cycling in the water column of Offatts Bayou was associated with sulfide and DOM complexation, Fe dissolution/precipitation, water column production of MeHg, and/or efflux of MeHg from anoxic sediment.

Han, Seunghee; Lehman, Ronald D.; Choe, Key-Young; Gill, Gary A.

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Evaluation of Historical and Future Cool Season Precipitation over the Eastern U.S. and Western Atlantic Storm Track using CMIP5 Models  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study analyzed the contribution of cyclones to projected changes in cool season (1 Nov 31 Mar) precipitation over the eastern United States and western North Atlantic Ocean. First, the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project version 5 (CMIP5) ...

Kelly Lombardo; Brian A. Colle; Zhenhai Zhang

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481

Malaria in pregnancy in rural Gabon: a cross-sectional survey on the impact of seasonality in high-risk groups  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Malaria remains one of the most important infectious diseases in pregnancy in sub-Saharan Africa. Whereas seasonal malaria chemoprevention is advocated as public health intervention for children in certain areas ...

Mario J Jckle; Christian G Blumentrath; Rella M Zoleko

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

Causes and Implications of Extreme Atmospheric Moisture Demand during the Record-Breaking 2011 Wildfire Season in the Southwestern United States  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In 2011, exceptionally low atmospheric moisture content combined with moderately high temperatures to produce a record-high vapor pressure deficit (VPD) in the southwestern United States (SW). These conditions combined with record-low cold-season ...

A. Park Williams; Richard Seager; Max Berkelhammer; Alison K. Macalady; Michael A. Crimmins; Thomas W. Swetnam; Anna T. Trugman; Nikolaus Buenning; Natalia Hryniw; Nate G. McDowell; David Noone; Claudia I. Mora; Thom Rahn

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

Symbolic computation of solitons in the normal dispersion regime of inhomogeneous optical fibres  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A nonlinear Schroedinger equation with varying dispersion, nonlinearity and gain (or absorption) is studied for ultrashort optical pulses propagating in inhomogeneous optical fibres in the case of normal dispersion. Using the modified Hirota method and symbolic computation, the bilinear form and analytic soliton solution are derived. Stable bright and dark solitons are observed in the normal dispersion regime. A periodically varying soliton and compressed soliton without any fluctuation are obtained. Combined and kink-shaped solitons are observed. Possibly applicable soliton control techniques, which are used to design dispersion-managed systems, are proposed. The proposed techniques may find applications in soliton management communication links, soliton compression and soliton control. (solitons)

Liu Wenjun; Tain Bo; Li Min; Jiang Yan; Qu Qixing; Wang Pan; Sun Kun [School of Science, Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications, Beijing (China)

2011-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

484

Episodic release of plasma LH in normal cycling and ovariectomized cows  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Release in Normal Cycling Animals (juantitation of peripheral plasma levels of LH during the normal estrous cycle has been reported in most domestic species including the cow (Shams and Karg, 1969a; Henricks et al. , 1970; Swanson and Hafs, 1971...). Swanson and Hafs (1971), however, observed this phenomenon from 8 hr before to 8 hr after the manifestation of estrus. In sheep, the initial rise in pre- ovulatory LH begins 0 to 10 hr after the onset of estrous behavior (Geschwind and Dewey, 1968...

Rahe, Charles Hardin

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

485

Assessment of the Exposure to and Dose from Radon Decay Products in Normally Occupied Homes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Assessment of the Exposure to and Dose from Radon Decay Products in Normally Occupied Homes ... In homes supplied by water with a high radon content, inhalation exposure from the radon in the water may occur on two different time scales: (a) long-term exposure that occurs due to an increase in the background radon concentration from radon released ... ... Experimental Assessment of the Short- and Long-Term Effects of 222Rn from Domestic Shower Water on the Dose Burden Incurred in Normally Occupied Homes ...

Philip K. Hopke; Bent. Jensen; Chih-Shan. Li; Nathalie. Montassier; Piotr. Wasiolek; Alfred J. Cavallo; Kenneth. Gatsby; Robert H. Socolow; Anthony C. James

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

Normal modes and dispersion relations in a beaded string: An experiment for an undergraduate laboratory  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Normal modes and dispersion relations are studied in a beaded string by forming stationary waves. Thin copper wire with brass beads mounted on it works as a one?dimensional medium possessing a granular structure. The beaded string carrying a sinusoidal current is forced to oscillate under the action of an external magnetic field. Various normal modes are conveniently excited and the observed ? vs k relationship agrees well with the theoretical predictions. Simplicity of the apparatus tractibility of the mathematical analysis and the correspondence between theoretical predictions and measurements make the experiment suitable for an undergraduate laboratory.

Gauri Shanker; V. K. Gupta; N. K. Sharma; D. P. Khandelwal

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

Energy Efficient Integration of Heat Pumps into Solar District Heating Systems with Seasonal Thermal Energy Storage  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Solar district heating (SDH) with seasonal thermal energy storage (STES) is a technology to provide heat for space heating and domestic hot water preparation with a high fraction of renewable energy. In order to improve the efficiency of such systems heat pumps can be integrated. By preliminary studies it was discovered, that the integration of a heat pump does not always lead to improvements from an overall energy perspective, although the operation of the heat pump increases the efficiency of other components of the system e. g. the STES or the solar collectors. Thus the integration of heat pumps in SDH systems was investigated in detail. Usually, the heat pumps are integrated in such a way, that the STES is used as low temperature heat source. No other heat sources from the ambience are used and only that amount of energy consumed by the heat pump is additionally fed into the system. In the case of an electric driven heat pump, this is highly questionable concerning economic and CO2-emission aspects. Despite that fact the operation of the heat pump influences positively the performance of other components in the system e. g. the STES and makes them more efficient. If the primary energy consumption of the heat pump is lower than the energetic benefits of all other components, the integration makes sense from an energetic point of view. A detailed assessment has been carried out to evaluate the most promising system configurations for the integration of a heat pump. Based on this approach a system concept was developed in which the integration of the heat pump is energetically further improved compared to realised systems. By means of transient system simulations this concept was optimised with regard to the primary energy consumption. A parameter study of this new concept has been performed to identify the most sensitive parameters of the system. The main result and conclusion are that higher solar fractions and also higher primary energy savings can be achieved by SDH systems using heat pumps compared systems without heat pumps.

Roman Marx; Dan Bauer; Harald Drueck

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

Macroscopic and molecular-scale assessment of soil lead contamination impacted by seasonal dove hunting activities  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Environmental contamination of lead (Pb) in soils and sediments poses serious threats to human and ecological health. The objective of this study is to investigate the effect of seasonal dove sports hunting activities on Pb contamination in acid forest soils. A grid sampling method was used to investigate the spatial distribution of Pb contamination in surface soils. Soils were analyzed for total metal(loid) concentration and characterized for physicochemical properties and mineralogy. Adsorption isotherm experiments were also conducted to understand the reactivity and retention capacity of Pb(II) in soils. Finally, synchrotron-based X-ray microprobe and X-ray absorption spectroscopy were used to understand the chemical speciation of Pb that controls the retention/release mechanisms of Pb in soils. There was no excessive accumulation of Pb at the site. However, the concentration of Pb in surface soils was greater than the background level (<16 mg kg{sup -1}). The contamination level of Pb was as high as 67 mg kg{sup -1} near a patch of corn field where lime was frequently applied. A microfocused X-ray microprobe analysis showed the presence of Pb pellet fragments that predominantly contain oxidized Pb(II), suggesting that oxidative dissolution was occurring in soils. Dissolved Pb(II) can be readily retained in soils up to {approx}3,600 mg kg{sup -1} via inner-sphere and outer-sphere surface complexation on carbon and aluminol functional groups of soil components, suggesting that partitioning reactions control the concentration of Pb in soil solution. The fate of Pb is likely to be controlled by (1) oxidative dissolution process of Pb(0) pellets and (2) the release of outer-sphere and/or inner-sphere Pb surface complexes in humic substances and aluminosilicate/Al oxyhydroxides. Although no remedial actions are immediately required, the long-term accumulation of Pb in soils should be carefully monitored in protecting ecosystem and water quality at the dove hunting field.

Arai, Y.; Tappero, R.; Rick, A.R.; Saylor, T.; Faas, E. & Lanzirotti, A.

2011-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

489

Detecting Eating Using a Wrist Mounted Device During Normal Daily Activities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Detecting Eating Using a Wrist Mounted Device During Normal Daily Activities Yujie Dong1, Adam method for automated monitoring of eating. Our method uses a single sensor that is worn on the wrist, similar in form to a watch. Wrist orientation was captured at a rate of 60 Hz for an entire day while four

Hoover, Adam

490

Joint Cohort Normalization in a Multi-Feature Speaker Verification System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. The performance of the technique is compared against two popular types of fusion: feature vector concatenation-- In this paper we propose a new fusion tech- nique, termed Joint Cohort Normalization Fusion, where the in- formation fusion is done prior to the likelihood ratio test in a speaker verification system

491

Non-normal and stochastic amplification of magnetic energy in the turbulent dynamo: Subcritical case  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Non-normal and stochastic amplification of magnetic energy in the turbulent dynamo: Subcritical stochastic perturbations. We show that even for the subcritical case all eigenvalues are negative-scale magnetic field generation, it fails to predict the subcritical onset of a large-scale magnetic field

Fedotov, Sergei

492

Non-normal and Stochastic Amplification in Turbulent Dynamo: Subcritical Case  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Our attention focuses on the stochastic dynamo equation with non-normal operator that give an insight into the role of stochastics and non-normality in the galactic magnetic field generation. The main point of this Letter is a discussion of the generation of a large-scale magnetic field that cannot be explained by traditional linear eigenvalue analysis. We present a simple stochastic model for the thin-disk axisymmetric $\\alpha \\Omega $ dynamo involving three factors: (a) the non-normality generated by differential rotation, (b) the nonlinearity reflecting how the magnetic field affects the turbulent dynamo coefficients, and (c) stochastic perturbations. We show that even for \\textit{subcritical case,} there are three possible mechanisms for the generation of magnetic field. The first mechanism is a deterministic one that describes an interplay between transient growth and nonlinear saturation of the turbulent $\\alpha -$effect and diffusivity. It turns out that the trivial state is nonlinearity unstable to small but finite initial perturbations. The second and third are the stochastic mechanisms that account for the interaction of non-normal effect generated by differential rotation and random additive and multiplicative fluctuations. In particular, we show that in \\textit{subcritical case}the average magnetic energy can grow exponentially with time due to the multiplicative noise associated with $\\alpha -$effect.

Sergei Fedotov

2003-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

493

Purification and Quantitation of Preneoplastic Antigen from Hyperplastic Nodules and Normal Liver  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...one-half of the gels by electrodialysis (11). Immunological Techniques...washing for 24 hr in distilled water, after which they were then...deoxy cholate, and detergent treatment did not affect their reac...from normal rat liver after treatment with deoxy cholate had about...

Martin J. Griffin and Donald E. Kizer

1978-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

Normal modes, virtual modes, and alternative representations in the theory of surface?duct sound propagation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents a theoretical study of sound propagation in an ocean?surface duct. It deals with several aspects of the theory from a point of view which has not heretofore been taken in the analyses of this problem. The model used to describe a duct assumes the ocean surface to be smooth and the square of the refractive index to be bilinear. Alternative representations of the sound field excited by a point source are derived the two playing the most significant role in this paper being the residue series and the normal?mode representation. It is shown that the depth functions of the residue series do not form a complete set as those of a normal?mode representation must and that the normal?mode spectrum is continuous rather than discrete. The completeness properties of the normal?mode functions are then utilized in a study of the energy?trapping capabilities of the duct. In this connection virtual modes are introduced and shown to lead naturally to the derivation of a leakage coefficient characteristic of the exponential leakage of energy out of the duct with increasing range. In addition a cutoff?frequency criterion useful in determining when a surface duct can trap energy is derived.

Frank M. Labianca

1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

The Normal Modes of the Earth Lapo Boschi (lapo@erdw.ethz.ch)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) is given by Newton's law of gravitation, ¨u(r, t) = V r - r |r - r|3 G(r )d3 r , (1) with G denoting Newton, with associated eigenfrequencies: the normal modes (free oscillations) of the Earth. Self-Gravitation to the gravity field caused by the Earth's deformation u(r, t) itself ("self-gravitation"). Those terms, how

Boschi, Lapo

496

Effects of oxygen concentration on radiative loss from normal-gravity and microgravity methane diffusion flames  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Laminar diffusion flames of methane, burning in quiescent oxidizing environments at atmospheric pressure, have been studied under both normal-gravity and microgravity conditions. Radiation from these flames is measured using a wide-view-angle, thermopile detector radiometer. The oxidizer was 18, 21, and 30 percent oxygen in nitrogen. 17 refs.

Bahadori, M.Y.; Edelman, R.B.; Stocker, D.P.; Sotos, R.G.; Vaughan, D.F. (Science Applications International Corp., Torrance, CA (United States) Rockwell International Corp., Rocketdyne Div., Canoga Park, CA (United States) NASA, Lewis Research Center, Cleveland, OH (United States))

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

Nucleic Acid Content of Splenic Lymphocytes in Normal and Leukemic Mice  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...lymphocyte of normal mouse. MATERIALS AND METHODS Spleens...plotted in a scatter diagram in which the abscissa...points in the scatter diagram fell into a MENTENet...depolymerization of nuclear material (5), attests its...by a less traumatic handling. The dog lymphocytes...

M. L. Menten; M. Willms; and W. D. Wright

1953-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

An omnibus test of normality for moderate and large size samples  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......compares favourably with the Shapiro-Wilk W test,1, b2 and the...Omnibus test of normality|Shapiro- Wilk test; Skewness|kurtosis...edition. London: Griffin. BAO, C. B. (1966). Linear Statistical...Applications. New York: Wiley. SHAPIRO, S. S. & WILE, M. B......

RALPH B. D'AGOSTINO

1971-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

A generalized 3D inverted pendulum model to represent human normal walking  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A generalized 3D inverted pendulum model to represent human normal walking Sophie Sakka IRCCy,lacouture}@univ-poitiers.fr Abstract-- This paper compares different inverted pendulum models to represent the stance phase of human adapted to pathological walking as the walking symmetry hypothesis -needed to build classical inverted

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

500

Neurofeedback training produces normalization in behavioural and electrophysiological measures of high-functioning autism  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...subjects but not in TDs. This suggests that induction of neuroplastic changes via NFT can normalize...entrainment of multiple domain-specific generators. These domains exhibit synchronized...functional connectivity in the ASD brain via induction of neuroplastic changes and that this...

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z