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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mecs energy measures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

MECS 2006 - Cement | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

and supporting documents Manufacturing Energy and Carbon Footprint Cement More Documents & Publications Cement (2010 MECS) MECS 2006 - Glass Glass and Glass Products (2010 MECS)...

2

Machinery (2010 MECS) | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers [EERE]

other sectors here. Manufacturing Energy and Carbon Footprint Machinery More Documents & Publications MECS 2006 - Machinery Cement (2010 MECS) Glass and Glass Products (2010 MECS...

3

Petroleum Refining (2010 MECS) | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Petroleum Refining (2010 MECS) Petroleum Refining (2010 MECS) Manufacturing Energy and Carbon Footprint for Petroleum Refining Sector (NAICS 324110) Energy use data source: 2010...

4

Foundries (2010 MECS) | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers [EERE]

for other sectors here. Manufacturing Energy and Carbon Footprint Foundries More Documents & Publications MECS 2006 - Foundries Glass and Glass Products (2010 MECS) Machinery...

5

Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey (MECS) - Residential - U.S. Energy  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

About the MECS About the MECS Survey forms Maps MECS Terminology Archives Features First 2010 Data Press Release 2010 Data Brief Other End Use Surveys Commercial Buildings - CBECS Residential - RECS Transportation DOE Uses MECS Data Manufacturing Energy and Carbon Footprints Associated Analysis Early-release estimates from the 2010 MECS show that energy consumption in the manufacturing sector decreased between 2006 and 2010 MECS 2006-2010 - Release date: March 28, 2012 Energy consumption in the U.S. manufacturing sector fell from 21,098 trillion Btu (tBtu) in 2006 to 19,062 tBtu in 2010, a decline of almost 10 percent, based on preliminary estimates released from the 2010 Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey (MECS). This decline continues the downward trend in manufacturing energy use since the 1998 MECS report.

6

Manufacturing-Industrial Energy Consumption Survey(MECS) Historical  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

> Historical Publications > Historical Publications Manufacturing Establishments reports, data tables and questionnaires Released: May 2008 The Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey (MECS) is a periodic national sample survey devoted to measuring energy consumption and related issues in the manufacturing sector. The MECS collects data on energy consumption, purchases and expenditures, and related issues and behaviors. Links to previously published documents are given below. Beginning in 1998, reports were only issued electronically. Additional electronic releases are available on the MECS Homepage. The basic unit of data collection for this survey is the manufacturing establishment. Industries are selected according to definitions found in the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS), which replace the earlier Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) system.

7

Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey (MECS) - U.S. Energy Information  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

MECS Terminology MECS Terminology A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W XYZ B Barrel: A volumetric unit of measure equivalent to 42 U.S. gallons. Biomass: Organic nonfossil material of biological origin constituting a renewable energy source. Blast Furnace: A shaft furnace in which solid fuel (coke) is burned with an air blast to smelt ore in a continuous operation. Blast Furnace Gas: The waste combustible gas generated in a blast furnace when iron ore is being reduced with coke to metallic iron. It is commonly used as a fuel within the steel works. An energy source to produce heat that is transferred to the boiler vessel in order to generate steam or hot water. Fossil fuels are the primary energy sources used to produce heat for boilers. Breeze: The fine screenings from crushed coke. Usually breeze will pass

8

Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey (MECS) - U.S. Energy Information  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Cost of Natural Gas Used in Manufacturing Sector Has Fallen Graph showing Cost of Natural Gas Used in Manufacturing Sector Has Fallen Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey (MECS) 1998-2010, September 6, 2013. New 2010 Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey (MECS) Data Released › Graph showing total U.S. manufacturing energy consumption for all purposes has declined 17 percent from 2002 to 2010. Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, Manufacturing Energy Consumption Data Show Large Reductions in Both Manufacturing Energy Use and the Energy Intensity of Manufacturing Activity between 2002 and 2010, March 19, 2013. First Estimates from 2010 Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey (MECS) Released ›

9

Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey (MECS) - Analysis & Projections -  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

About the MECS About the MECS Survey forms Maps MECS Terminology Archives Features First 2010 Data Press Release 2010 Data Brief Other End Use Surveys Commercial Buildings - CBECS Residential - RECS Transportation DOE Uses MECS Data Manufacturing Energy and Carbon Footprints Associated Analysis Cost of Natural Gas Used in Manufacturing Sector Has Fallen MECS 2010 - Release date: September 6, 2013 Natural gas has been an important exception to the trend of rising prices for energy sources used by manufacturers. Production of natural gas in the United States increased rapidly beginning in 2007 as a result of resources found in shale formations. That increase in supply has in turn lowered the price of natural gas to manufacturers as well as other consumers. The 36% decrease in the average natural gas price paid by manufacturers

10

Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey (MECS) - Data - U.S. Energy  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

8 MECS Survey Data 2010 | 2006 | 2002 | 1998 | 1994 | 1991 | Archive 8 MECS Survey Data 2010 | 2006 | 2002 | 1998 | 1994 | 1991 | Archive Data Methodology & Forms + EXPAND ALL Consumption of Energy for All Purposes (First Use) Values SIC RSE Number of Establishments by First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 1998; Level: National Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources and Shipments; Unit: Establishment Counts XLS XLS XLS First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 1998; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: Values of Shipments and Employment Sizes; Column: Energy Sources and Shipments; Unit: Trillion Btu XLS XLS XLS First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 1998; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources and Shipments; Unit: Physical Units or Btu XLS XLS

11

Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey (MECS) - Data - U.S. Energy  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1 MECS Survey Data 2010 | 2006 | 2002 | 1998 | 1994 | 1991 | Archive 1 MECS Survey Data 2010 | 2006 | 2002 | 1998 | 1994 | 1991 | Archive Data Methodology & Forms + EXPAND ALL Consumption of Energy for All Purposes (First Use) Total Primary Consumption of Energy for All Purposes by Census Region, Industry Group, and Selected Industries, 1991: Part 1 (Estimates in Btu or Physical Units) XLS Total Primary Consumption of Energy for All Purposes by Census Region, Industry Group, and Selected Industries, 1991: Part 2 (Estimates in Trillion Btu) XLS Total Consumption of LPG, Distillate Fuel Oil, and Residual Fuel Oil for Selected Purposes by Census Region, Industry Group, and Selected Industries, 1991 (Estimates in Barrels per Day) XLS Total Primary Consumption of Energy for All Purposes by Census Region and Economic Characteristics of the Establishment, 1991 (Estimates in Btu or Physical Units) XLS

12

Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey (MECS) - Data - U.S. Energy  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

10 MECS Survey Data 2010 | 2006 | 2002 | 1998 | 1994 | 1991 | Archive 10 MECS Survey Data 2010 | 2006 | 2002 | 1998 | 1994 | 1991 | Archive Data Methodology & Forms + EXPAND ALL Consumption of Energy for All Purposes (First Use) Table 1.1 By Mfg. Industry & Region (physical units) XLS PDF Table 1.2 By Mfg. Industry & Region (trillion Btu) XLS PDF Table 1.3 By Value of Shipments & Employment Size Category & Region XLS PDF Table 1.5 By Further Classification of "Other" Energy Sources XLS PDF Energy Used as a Nonfuel (Feedstock) Table 2.1 By Mfg. Industry & Region (physical units) XLS PDF Table 2.2 By Mfg. Industry & Region (trillion Btu) XLS PDF Table 2.3 By Value of Shipments & Employment Size Category XLS PDF Energy Consumption as a Fuel Table 3.1 By Mfg. Industry & Region (physical units) XLS PDF

13

Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey (MECS) - Data - U.S. Energy  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2 MECS Survey Data 2010 | 2006 | 2002 | 1998 | 1994 | 1991 | Archive 2 MECS Survey Data 2010 | 2006 | 2002 | 1998 | 1994 | 1991 | Archive Data Methodology & Forms all tables + EXPAND ALL Consumption of Energy for All Purposes (First Use) Values RSE Table 1.1 By Mfg. Industry & Region (physical units) XLS PDF XLS Table 1.2 By Mfg. Industry & Region (trillion Btu) XLS PDF XLS Table 1.3 By Value of Shipments & Employment Size Category & Region XLS PDF Table 1.4 Number of Establishments Using Energy Consumed for All Purpose XLSPDF Table 1.5 By Further Classification of "Other" Energy Sources XLS PDF Energy Used as a Nonfuel (Feedstock) Values RSE Table 2.1 By Mfg. Industry & Region (physical units) XLS PDF XLS Table 2.2 By Mfg. Industry & Region (trillion Btu) XLS PDF XLS Table 2.3 By Value of Shipments & Employment Size Category XLS PDF

14

Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey (MECS) - Data - U.S. Energy  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

6 MECS Survey Data 2010 | 2006 | 2002 | 1998 | 1994 | 1991 | Archive 6 MECS Survey Data 2010 | 2006 | 2002 | 1998 | 1994 | 1991 | Archive Data Methodology & Forms 2006 Data Tables Revision notice (November 2009): Tables 1.1, 1.2, 2.1, 2.2, 3.1, 3.2, 3.5, 4.1 and 4.2 have been slightly revised due to further editing. The revisions in XLS are indicated with a value of "R" in an adjacent column. In the PDF versions, the revised values are superscripted with an "R". No further revisions are anticipated for these tables. all tables + EXPAND ALL Consumption of Energy for All Purposes (First Use) Values RSE Table 1.1 By Mfg. Industry & Region (physical units) XLS PDF XLS Table 1.2 By Mfg. Industry & Region (trillion Btu) XLS PDF XLS Table 1.3 By Value of Shipments & Employment Size Category & Region XLS PDF XLS

15

Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey (MECS) - Analysis & Projections -  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey (MECS) Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey (MECS) Glossary › FAQS › Overview Data 2010 2006 2002 1998 1994 1991 Archive Analysis & Projections MECS Industry Analysis Briefs Steel Industry Analysis The steel industry is critical to the U.S. economy. Steel is the material of choice for many elements of construction, transportation, manufacturing, and a variety of consumer products. It is the backbone of bridges, skyscrapers, railroads, automobiles, and appliances. Most grades of steel used today - particularly high-strength steels that are lighter and more versatile - were not available a decade ago. Chemical Industry Analysis The chemical industries are a cornerstone of the U.S. economy, converting raw materials such as oil, natural gas, air, water, metals, and minerals

16

Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey (MECS) - Analysis & Projections -  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Manufacturing Energy Consumption Data Show Large Reductions in Both Manufacturing Energy Consumption Data Show Large Reductions in Both Manufacturing Energy Use and the Energy Intensity of Manufacturing Activity between 2002 and 2010 MECS 2010 - Release date: March 19, 2013 Total energy consumption in the manufacturing sector decreased by 17 percent from 2002 to 2010 (Figure 1), according to data from the U.S. Energy Information Administration's (EIA) Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey (MECS). line chart:air conditioning in U.S. Manufacturing gross output decreased by only 3 percent over the same period. Taken together, these data indicate a significant decline in the amount of energy used per unit of gross manufacturing output. The significant decline in energy intensity reflects both improvements in energy efficiency and changes in

17

Manufacturing Energy and Carbon Footprints (2006 MECS)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Energy and Carbon Footprints provide a mapping of energy from supply to end use in manufacturing. They show us where energy is used and lostand where greenhouse gases (GHGs) are emitted. Footprints are available below for 15 manufacturing sectors (representing 94% of all manufacturing energy use) and for U.S. manufacturing as a whole. Analysis of these footprints is also available in the U.S. Manufacturing Energy Use and Greenhouse Gas Emissions Analysis report.

18

MECS 2006 - Computer, Electronics and Appliances | Department...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Manufacturing Energy and Carbon Footprint Computers, Electronics, and Electrical Equipment More Documents & Publications MECS 2006 - Cement MECS 2006 - Glass Cement (2010 MECS)...

19

MECS 2006- Petroleum Refining  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Manufacturing Energy and Carbon Footprint for Petroleum Refining (NAICS 324110) Sector with Total Energy Input, October 2012 (MECS 2006)

20

MECS 2006- Plastics  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Manufacturing Energy and Carbon Footprint for Plastics (NAICS 326) Sector with Total Energy Input, October 2012 (MECS 2006)

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mecs energy measures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

MECS 2006- Fabricated Metals  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Manufacturing Energy and Carbon Footprint for Fabricated Metals (NAICS 332) Sector with Total Energy Input, October 2012 (MECS 2006)

22

MECS 2006- Machinery  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Manufacturing Energy and Carbon Footprint for Machinery (NAICS 333) Sector with Total Energy Input, October 2012 (MECS 2006)

23

MECS 2006- Foundries  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Manufacturing Energy and Carbon Footprint for Foundries (NAICS 3315) Sector with Total Energy Input, October 2012 (MECS 2006)

24

MECS 2006- Forest Products  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Manufacturing Energy and Carbon Footprint for Forest Products (NAICS 321, 322) Sector with Total Energy Input, October 2012 (MECS 2006)

25

MECS 2006- Glass  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Manufacturing Energy and Carbon Footprint for Glass (NAICS 3272, 327993) Sector with Total Energy Input, October 2012 (MECS 2006)

26

Forest Products (2010 MECS)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Manufacturing Energy and Carbon Footprint for Forest Products Sector (NAICS 321, 322) Energy use data source: 2010 EIA MECS (with adjustments) Footprint Last Revised: February 2014

27

Chemicals (2010 MECS)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Manufacturing Energy and Carbon Footprint for Chemicals Sector (NAICS 325) Energy use data source: 2010 EIA MECS (with adjustments) Footprint Last Revised: February 2014

28

Fabricated Metals (2010 MECS)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Manufacturing Energy and Carbon Footprint for Fabricated Metals Sector (NAICS 332) Energy use data source: 2010 EIA MECS (with adjustments) Footprint Last Revised: February 2014

29

Cement (2010 MECS)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Manufacturing Energy and Carbon Footprint for Cement Sector (NAICS 327310) Energy use data source: 2010 EIA MECS (with adjustments) Footprint Last Revised: February 2014

30

Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey (MECS) - Data - U.S....  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

| 1998 | 1994 | 1991 | Archive Data Methodology & Forms + EXPAND ALL Consumption of Energy for All Purposes (First Use) Total First Use (formerly Primary Consumption) of Energy...

31

Manufacturing Energy and Carbon Footprints (2010 MECS) | Department...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

here. Detailed analysis of the 2006 footprints is available in the U.S. Manufacturing Energy Use and Greenhouse Gas Emissions Analysis report. For more information, email the...

32

Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey (MECS) - Analysis & Projections -  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

All Reports & Publications All Reports & Publications Search By: Go Pick a date range: From: To: Go ManufacturingAvailable formats Cost of Natural Gas Used in Manufacturing Sector Has Fallen Released: September 6, 2013 Natural gas has been an important exception to the trend of rising prices for energy sources used by manufacturers. Production of natural gas in the United States increased rapidly beginning in 2007 as a result of resources found in shale formations. That increase in supply has in turn lowered the price of natural gas to manufacturers Manufacturing Energy Consumption Data Show Large Reductions in Both Manufacturing Energy Use and the Energy Intensity of Manufacturing Activity between 2002 and 2010 Released: March 19, 2013 Total energy consumption in the manufacturing sector decreased by 17

33

MECS 2006- Iron and Steel  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Manufacturing Energy and Carbon Footprint for Iron and Steel Sector (NAICS 3311, 3312) with Total Energy Input, October 2012 (MECS 2006)

34

Iron and Steel (2010 MECS)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Manufacturing Energy and Carbon Footprint for Iron and Steel Sector (NAICS 3311, 3312) Energy use data source: 2010 EIA MECS (with adjustments) Footprint Last Revised: February 2014

35

Plastics and Rubber Products (2010 MECS)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Manufacturing Energy and Carbon Footprint for Plastics Sector (NAICS 326) Energy use data source: 2010 EIA MECS (with adjustments) Footprint Last Revised: February 2014

36

Glass and Glass Products (2010 MECS)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Manufacturing Energy and Carbon Footprint for Glass Sector (NAICS 3272, 327993) Energy use data source: 2010 EIA MECS (with adjustments) Footprint Last Revised: February 2014

37

MECS Fuel Oil Figures  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

: Percentage of Total Purchased Fuels by Type of Fuel : Percentage of Total Purchased Fuels by Type of Fuel Figure 1. Percent of Total Purchased Fuel Sources: Energy Information Administration. Office of Energy Markets and End Use, Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey (MECS): Consumption of Energy; U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Annual Survey of Manufactures (ASM): Statistics for Industry Groups and Industries: Statistical Abstract of the United States. Note: The years below the line on the "X" Axis are interpolated data--not directly from the Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey or the Annual Survey of Manufactures. Figure 2: Changes in the Ratios of Distillate Fuel Oil to Natural Gas Figure 2. Changes in the Ratios of Distillate Fuel Oil to Natural Gas Sources: Energy Information Administration. Office of

38

Manufacturing Energy and Carbon Footprint- Sector: Iron and Steel (NAICS 3311, 3312), October 2012 (MECS 2006)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Manufacturing Energy and Carbon Footprint for Iron and Steel Sector (NAICS 3311, 3312) with Total Energy Input

39

Computers, Electronics and Electrical Equipment (2010 MECS) ...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Electronics and Electrical Equipment More Documents & Publications MECS 2006 - Computer, Electronics and Appliances Cement (2010 MECS) Glass and Glass Products (2010 MECS)...

40

Technical support document for proposed 1994 revision of the MEC thermal envelope requirements  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report documents the development of the proposed revision of the Council of American Building Officials` (CABO) 1994 supplement to the 1993 Model Energy Code (MEC) building thermal envelope requirements for maximum component U{sub 0}-value. The 1994 amendments to the 1993 MEC were established in last year`s code change cycle and did not change the envelope requirements. The research underlying the proposed MEC revision was conducted by Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) for the US Department of Energy (DOE) Building Energy Standards program. The goal of this research was to develop revised guidelines based on an objective methodology that determines the most cost-effective (least total cost) combination of energy conservation measures (ECMs) (insulation levels and window types) for residential buildings. This least-cost set of ECMs was used as a basis for proposing revised MEC maximum U{sub 0}-values (thermal transmittances). ECMs include window types (for example, double-pane vinyl) and insulation levels (for example, R-19) for ceilings, walls, and floors.

Conner, C.C.; Lucas, R.G.

1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mecs energy measures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

restructuring_mecs94  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Changing Energy Markets Affect Manufacturing Changing Energy Markets Affect Manufacturing (Reprint from Manufacturing Consumption of Energy 1994) blueball.gif (210 bytes) Natural Gas Markets blueball.gif (210 bytes) Impetus for Change blueball.gif (210 bytes) Change in the Natural Gas Market blueball.gif (210 bytes) Natural Gas Usage blueball.gif (210 bytes) Electricity Market blueball.gif (210 bytes) Impetus for Change blueball.gif (210 bytes) Change in the Electricity Market blueball.gif (210 bytes) Electricity Usage blueball.gif (210 bytes) How Electricity Restructuring Might Affect Manufacturing blueball.gif (210 bytes) Lessons From Natural Gas Restructuring blueball.gif (210 bytes) End Notes Introduction The market for natural gas has been changing for quite some time. As part of natural gas restructuring, gas pipelines were opened to multiple users. Manufacturers or their representatives could go directly to the wellhead to purchase their natural gas, arrange the transportation, and have the natural gas delivered either by the local distribution company or directly through a connecting pipeline.

42

MECS Fuel Oil Tables  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

: Actual, Minimum and Maximum Use Values for Fuel Oils and Natural Gas : Actual, Minimum and Maximum Use Values for Fuel Oils and Natural Gas Year Distillate Fuel Oil (TBtu) Actual Minimum Maximum Discretionary Rate 1985 185 148 1224 3.4% 1994 152 125 1020 3.1% Residual Fuel Oil (TBtu) Actual Minimum Maximum Discretionary Rate 1985 505 290 1577 16.7% 1994 441 241 1249 19.8% Natural Gas (TBtu) Actual Minimum Maximum Discretionary Rate 1985 4656 2702 5233 77.2% 1994 6141 4435 6758 73.4% Source: Energy Information Administration, Office of Energy Markets and End Use, 1985 and 1994 Manufacturing Energy Consumption Surveys. Table 2: Establishments That Actually Switched Between Natural Gas and Residual Fuel Oil Type of Switch Number of Establishments in Population Number That Use Original Fuel Percentage That Use Original Fuel Number That Can Switch to Another Fuel Percentage That Can Switch to Another Fuel Number That Actually Made a Switch Percentage That Actually Made a Switch

43

1991 Tables and Spreadsheets and Answers to Frequently Asked MECS Questions  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Tables and Spreadsheets Tables and Spreadsheets 1991 Tables and Spreadsheets Answers to Frequently Asked MECS Questions ( All tables are accessible in PDF and/or Lotus Format) Energy Consumption Q: In 1991, how much energy did manufactures consume for fuel or non-fuel purposes? A: If you would like to review national and regional statistics by SIC in physical units, please click Table A1 (part 1); for common units, please click Table A1 (part 2); and for review by manufacturing economic characteristics, such as employment and value of shipments, please click onTable A9; Table A30 or Table A33. mecs01a.xls (Table A1, Part 1) mecs01b.xls (Table A1, Part 2) mecs09.xls (Table A9) mecs30.xls (Table A30) mecs33.xls (Table A33) Q: In 1991, how much energy did manufactures consume for fuel purposes (i.e., to produce heat, power, and generate electricity)?

44

Microbial Electrolysis Cells (MECs) for High Yield Hydrogen (H2) Production from Biodegradable Materials  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Microbial Electrolysis Cells (MECs) for High Yield H Microbial Electrolysis Cells (MECs) for High Yield H 2 Production from Biodegradable Materials Zhiyong "Jason" Ren, Ph.D Associate Professor, Environmental and Sustainability Engineering University of Colorado Boulder Jason.Ren@colorado.edu (303) 492-4137 http://spot.colorado.edu/~zhre0706/ MxC or Microbial Electrochemical System (MES) is a platform technology for energy and resource recovery Main type of MXC Products Microbial Fuel Cell (MFC) Electricity Microbial Electrolysis Cell (MEC) H 2 , H 2 O 2 , NaOH, Struvite Microbial Chemical Cell (MCC) CH 4 , C 2 H 4 O 2 , Organics Microbial Remediation Cell (MRC) Reduced/non-toxic chemicals Microbial Desalination Cell (MDC) Desalinated water >90% H 2 MEC for H 2 Recovery PS e - e - Wang and Ren, Biotechnol. Adv. 2013

45

Manufacturing Consumption of Energy 1994 - Derived measures of end-use  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

eialogo eialogo Calculation of MECS Energy Measures Reported energy values were used to construct several derived values, which, in turn, were used to prepare the estimates appearing in MECS consumption tables--First Use, Total Inputs, Offsite-Produced. These derived values are displayed in Table 1 and defined as follows: Energy produced offsite and consumed as a fuel. This derived value represents onsite consumption of fuels that were originally produced offsite. That is, they arrived at the establishment as the result of a purchase or were transferred to the establishment from outside sources. As such, this derived value is equivalent to consumption of "purchased" fuels as reported by the Census Bureau for the years 1974-1981. The Census Bureau defines "purchased" fuels to include those actually purchased plus those

46

Microsoft PowerPoint - MEC3_FINAL_FEELEY.ppt  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

3 3 rd International Experts' Workshop - Mercury Emissions from Coal June 5-7, 2006 Katowice, Poland Thomas J. Feeley, III thomas.feeley@netl.doe.gov National Energy Technology Laboratory MEC3 Katowice June 2006 Outline * Background * Phase II project update/Phase III project descriptions * BOP and related technical issues * Preliminary economic assessment * Byproduct-Hg issues/potential economic impacts * Conclusion MEC3 Katowice June 2006 Mercury Control Technology Program Performance/Cost Objectives * Have technologies ready for commercial demonstration by: * 2007 that can reduce "uncontrolled" Hg emissions by 50-70% * 2010 for all coals that can reduce "uncontrolled" Hg emissions by +90% * Reduce cost by 25-50% compared to baseline cost estimates

47

Measuring Energy Achievements  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This presentation covers types of energy measurements essential to industrial facilities and discusses the benefits of metrics. ArcelorMittal provides examples from their experience measuring energy achievements.

48

Measuring Energy Sustainability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

20 Measuring Energy Sustainability David L. Greene Abstract For the purpose of measurement, energy here is only meaningful when placed in a broader context. Still, measuring energy sustainability in relation to measures of ultimate resources, and because conflicts between fossil energy use

49

Validating Energy Measures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy measurements play a very important role in a detailed energy analysis. The role is more important in industrial processes where wide variations of process conditions exist. Valid energy measurements make the decision making process easier...

Chari, S.; Thomas, D.

50

MECS 1991 Publications and Tables  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Publication and Tables Publication and Tables Publication and Tables Figure showing the Largest Energy Consumers in the Manufacturing Sector You have the option of downloading the entire report or selected sections of the report. Full Report - Manufacturing Consumption of Energy 1991 (file size 17.2 MB) pages:566 Selected Sections Main Text (file size 380,153 bytes) pages: 33, includes the following: Contacts Contents Executive Summary Introduction Energy Consumption in the Manufacturing Sector: An Overview Energy Consumption in the Manufacturing Sector, 1991 Manufacturing Capability To Switch Fuels Appendices Appendix A. Detailed Tables Appendix B. Survey Design, Implementation, and Estimates (file size 141,211 bytes) pages: 22. Appendix C. Quality of the Data (file size 135,511 bytes) pages: 8.

51

Light and Energy -Daylight measurements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Light and Energy - Daylight measurements #12;Light and Energy - Daylight measurements Authors: Jens;3 Title Light and Energy Subtitle Daylight measurements Authors Jens Christoffersen, Ásta Logadóttir ............................................................................... 7 Measurement results: Kyosemi.................................................................. 9

52

Concentrating Energy by Measurement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In a recent article [A. Kurcz et al., Phys. Rev. A 81, 063821 (2010)] we predicted an energy concentrating mechanism in composite quantum systems. Its result is a non-zero stationary state photon emission rate even in the absence of external driving. Here we discuss the possible origin of the predicted effect. We attribute it to the presence of a non-trivial interaction between different system components and to repeated environment-induced photon measurements.

Almut Beige; Antonio Capolupo; Andreas Kurcz; Emilio Del Giudice; Giuseppe Vitiello

2010-12-29T23:59:59.000Z

53

Summary of the MECS 2002 User Needs Questionnaire  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

View 2002 User Needs Survey !! View 2002 User Needs Survey !! Summary of the MECS 2002 User Needs Questionnaire CLASSIFICATION Question 1: "The MECS is now required to classify manufacturing establishments according to the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). This listing shows the 1998 MECS classifications, which does not include every manufacturing classification. Are there any other manufacturing types that would be of interest to you regarding MECS data. The corresponding NAICS code is not necessary, but please provide it, if known. For a full list of all manufacturing classifications, see www.census.gov/epcd/naics02/naicod02.htm#N31 (opens a new window)." Of the 37 user responses, 17 did not answer this question, 3 answered the question "sufficient," and 2 answered "no." .

54

Technical support document for proposed revision of the model energy code thermal envelope requirements  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report documents the development of the proposed revision of the council of American Building Officials' (CABO) 1993 supplement to the 1992 Model Energy Code (MEC) (referred to as the 1993 MEC) building thermal envelope requirements for single-family and low-rise multifamily residences. The goal of this analysis was to develop revised guidelines based on an objective methodology that determined the most cost-effective (least total life-cycle cost [LCC]) combination of energy conservation measures (ECMs) for residences in different locations. The ECMs with the lowest LCC were used as a basis for proposing revised MEC maximum U[sub o]-value (thermal transmittance) curves in the MEC format. The changes proposed here affect the requirements for group R'' residences. The group R residences are detached one- and two-family dwellings (referred to as single-family) and all other residential buildings three stories or less (referred to as multifamily).

Conner, C.C.; Lucas, R.G.

1993-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Technical support document for proposed revision of the model energy code thermal envelope requirements  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report documents the development of the proposed revision of the council of American Building Officials` (CABO) 1993 supplement to the 1992 Model Energy Code (MEC) (referred to as the 1993 MEC) building thermal envelope requirements for single-family and low-rise multifamily residences. The goal of this analysis was to develop revised guidelines based on an objective methodology that determined the most cost-effective (least total life-cycle cost [LCC]) combination of energy conservation measures (ECMs) for residences in different locations. The ECMs with the lowest LCC were used as a basis for proposing revised MEC maximum U{sub o}-value (thermal transmittance) curves in the MEC format. The changes proposed here affect the requirements for ``group R`` residences. The group R residences are detached one- and two-family dwellings (referred to as single-family) and all other residential buildings three stories or less (referred to as multifamily).

Conner, C.C.; Lucas, R.G.

1993-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

UN-Energy-Measuring Energy Access | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

UN-Energy-Measuring Energy Access UN-Energy-Measuring Energy Access Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: UN-Energy-Measuring Energy Access Agency/Company /Organization: United Nations Energy Knowledge Network (UN-Energy) Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy, Non-renewable Energy Topics: Co-benefits assessment, - Energy Access Resource Type: Dataset, Maps Website: www.un-energy.org/measuring-energy-access Cost: Free Language: English UN-Energy-Measuring Energy Access Screenshot References: UN-Energy-Measuring Energy Access[1] "A reliable and comprehensive information base is necessary to inform target-setting and to monitor outcomes. Openly available and visually attractive information presentation can support the design of innovative policies and measures, and underpin detailed analysis. UN-Energy, the

57

Measurements of Energy-Energy-Correlations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

at the CERN near Geneva, which is the largest manmade accelerator today. The origin of these ultra-high-energyMeasurements of Energy-Energy-Correlations of Ultra-High-Energy Cosmic Rays with the Pierre Auger A RWTH Aachen RWTH Aachen #12;#12;Contents 1 Introduction 1 2 Physics of Ultra-High-Energy Cosmic Rays 3

Erdmann, Martin

58

Manufacturing Consumption of Energy 1994  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Survey Design, Survey Design, Implementation, and Estimates 411 Energy Information Administration/Manufacturing Consumption of Energy 1994 Overview of Changes from Previous Surveys Sample Design. The MECS has increased its sample size by roughly 40 percent since the 1991 survey, increasing the designed sample size from 16,054 establishments to 22,922. This increase in size and change in sampling criteria required a departure from using the Annual Survey of Manufactures (ASM) as the MECS sampling frame. For 1994, establishments were selected directly from the 1992 Census of Manufactures (CM) mail file, updated by 1993 ASM. Sample Frame Coverage. The coverage in the 1994 MECS is 98 percent of the manufacturing population as measured in total payroll. The sampling process itself provided that level of coverage, and no special adjustments were

59

2010 Manufacturing Energy and Carbon Footprints: Definitions and Assumptions  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This 13-page document provides definitions and assumptions used in the Manufacturing Energy and Carbon Footprints (MECS 2010)

60

Manufacturing Consumption of Energy 1994  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Detailed Tables 28 Energy Information AdministrationManufacturing Consumption of Energy 1994 1. In previous MECS, the term "primary energy" was used to denote the "first use" of...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mecs energy measures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Federal Energy Management Program: Measuring Standby Power  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Measuring Standby Measuring Standby Power to someone by E-mail Share Federal Energy Management Program: Measuring Standby Power on Facebook Tweet about Federal Energy Management Program: Measuring Standby Power on Twitter Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Measuring Standby Power on Google Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Measuring Standby Power on Delicious Rank Federal Energy Management Program: Measuring Standby Power on Digg Find More places to share Federal Energy Management Program: Measuring Standby Power on AddThis.com... Energy-Efficient Products Federal Requirements Covered Product Categories Product Designation Process Low Standby Power Low Standby Product List Measuring Standby Power Frequently Asked Questions Energy & Cost Savings Calculators Model Acquisitions Language

62

ESPC ENABLE: Energy Conservation Measures (ECMs) Summary  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Presentation slide outlining details on the energy conservation measures (ECMs) offered throughout the Energy Savings Performance Contract (ESPC) ENABLE program.

63

Preparing for Project Implementation Measuring Energy Achievements...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

for Project Implementation Measuring Energy Achievements Save Energy Now LEADER Web Conference Project Implementation Seminar Series Save Energy Now LEADER Web Conference...

64

GABINETE DO MINISTRO PROCESSO MEC N 200.711/82; CFE N 2.589/79  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

REGIMENTO GERAL GABINETE DO MINISTRO PROCESSO MEC N° 200.711/82; CFE N° 2.589/79 Nos termos e para

Floeter, Sergio Ricardo

65

Fee Title: Renewable Energy Fee Measure #: Measure 44  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fee Title: Renewable Energy Fee Measure #: Measure 44 Ballot Information Shall the undergraduates and graduate students of UCSC amend Measure 28, the Renewable Energy fee passed in Spring 2006 as follows Student Association. This measure will also allow the reserve money to be spent on energy efficiency

California at Santa Cruz, University of

66

Short Communication High hydrogen production rate of microbial electrolysis cell (MEC) with  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of these methods so far shown sufficient promise for economical production of hydrogen (Miyake et al., 1999; WoodShort Communication High hydrogen production rate of microbial electrolysis cell (MEC) with reduced cells (MECs) require high hydrogen production rates and a compact reactor. These goals can be achieved

67

Customer Feedback during Development of 1998 MECS: Mail/Electronic Survey  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1998 MECS User Needs 1998 MECS User Needs Mail/Electronic Survey Results A mail/electronic survey was conducted as part of the process to collect information on the data needs of MECS customers. The collection time frame was May 1 through July 31, 1998. The survey portion has been completed, and the total results are now available. During this three-month period, the electronic user-needs survey received about 207 hits. Yet, only 15 of those hits resulted in the transmission of a completed survey. Exactly 239 surveys were mailed to customers on the mailing list of the MECS publication. A total of 50 completed surveys (21% response rate) were returned, 32 of which resulted from a follow-up mail request. Only two surveys were returned by the 11 trade associations that were identified as MECS users. Where appropriate, the replies of those two TRADE

68

Energy Measurement Techniques for Smart Metering  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This chapter discusses topology, architecture and circuit design of energy measurement unit for Smart Metering. The chapter establishes step-by-step design methodology of energy measurement unit of a smart meter ...

Sumit Adhikari

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Measuring Energy Access: Supporting a Global Target | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Measuring Energy Access: Supporting a Global Target Measuring Energy Access: Supporting a Global Target Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Measuring Energy Access: Supporting a Global Target Agency/Company /Organization: Columbia University Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy, Non-renewable Energy Topics: Co-benefits assessment, - Energy Access Resource Type: Publications Website: www.unido.org/fileadmin/user_media/Services/Energy_and_Climate_Change/ Cost: Free Language: English References: Measuring Energy Access: Supporting a Global Target[1] "This paper first describes the relevant context, definitions, data, and links to national policies and energy planning. Section 2 reviews relevant development and energy metrics. Several options for measuring energy access are then presented in section 3. Finally, Section 4 offers thoughts on

70

Measuring Energy Poverty: Focusing on What Matters | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Measuring Energy Poverty: Focusing on What Matters Measuring Energy Poverty: Focusing on What Matters Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Measuring Energy Poverty: Focusing on What Matters Agency/Company /Organization: University of Oxford Sector: Energy Topics: Policies/deployment programs, - Energy Access Resource Type: Publications, Lessons learned/best practices Website: www.ophi.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/OPHI_WP_42_Measuring_Energy_Poverty Measuring Energy Poverty: Focusing on What Matters Screenshot References: Measuring Energy Poverty: Focusing on What Matters[1] "This paper reviews a series of specific metrics and analyses the methodological strengths and shortcomings of various models. We address an analytical gap by laying the foundation for a novel composite index to measure energy poverty as a complement to existing tools. We also provide

71

Teor'ia de Grupos y Mec'anica Qu'antica Luis A. Seco  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

determinado por el Hamiltoniano de la energ'ia, un operador que, actuando sobre una funci'on /(x 1 ; : : : ; xTeor'ia de Grupos y Mec'anica Qu'antica Luis A. Seco Universidad de Toronto. Notas del curso; Teor'ia de Grupos y Mec'anica Cu'antica, L. Seco. U.I.M.P. La Coru~na, 27 Junio -- 1 Julio, 1994

Seco, Luis A.

72

Measurement on physical parameters of raindrop energy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

As a result, how to determine the rainfall energy (e) and intensity (I) of one unit period is the key to measure and calculate the energy. Between these two parameters, I is ... rainfall precipitation and rainfal...

Minghang Guo; Jinshi Jian; Zhun Zhao; Juying Jiao

2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Paleomagnetic Measurements | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Paleomagnetic Measurements Paleomagnetic Measurements Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Technique: Paleomagnetic Measurements Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) NEPA(0) Exploration Technique Information Exploration Group: Lab Analysis Techniques Exploration Sub Group: Rock Lab Analysis Parent Exploration Technique: Rock Lab Analysis Information Provided by Technique Lithology: Can determine detailed information about rock composition and morphology Stratigraphic/Structural: Historic structure and deformation of land Hydrological: Thermal: Dictionary.png Paleomagnetic Measurements: Paleomagnetism is the study of remnant magnetization in rocks. Paleomagnetic measurements are measurements of the magnetic properties in rocks; these properties are locked in during the formation of the rock. A

74

Measurement and Verification | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Measurement and Verification Measurement and Verification Measurement and Verification October 16, 2013 - 4:43pm Addthis Photo of a man with a clipboard and measuring tools standing in front of an open energy panel box. A National Park Service energy manager checks an energy management system at the Zion National Park Visitor Center. Measurement and verification (M&V) play a vital role in renewable energy projects. M&V verifies verify that renewable energy technologies successfully meet the energy generation or savings requirements as specified by the agency and the system design. Federal sustainable building guidelines require M&V systems for sustainable building projects and the use of M&V data for benchmarking systems. However, these systems deliver value well beyond regulatory compliance.

75

Measuring Transport Protocol Potential for Energy Efficiency  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Measuring Transport Protocol Potential for Energy Efficiency S. Kontogiannis, L. Mamatas, I. Psaras, Greece {skontog, emamatas, ipsaras, vtsaousi}@ee.duth.gr Abstract. We investigate the energy-saving potential of transport pro- tocols. We focus on the system-related aspect of energy. Do we have to damage

Tsaoussidis, Vassilis

76

Alternative Energy Leadership Study Measuring Performance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Alternative Energy Leadership Study Measuring Performance Through a Multidisciplinary Lens February and a major cause of pollution, scientists and engineers have sought for decades to develop alternative energy to alternative energy-related research is critical for understanding the potential solutions emerging from

Franssen, Michael

77

Time-Energy Measure for Quantum Processes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Quantum mechanics sets limits on how fast quantum processes can run given some system energy through time-energy uncertainty relations, and they imply that time and energy are tradeoff against each other. Thus, we propose to measure the time-energy as a single unit for quantum channels. We consider a time-energy measure for quantum channels and compute lower and upper bounds of it using the channel Kraus operators. For a special class of channels (which includes the depolarizing channel), we can obtain the exact value of the time-energy measure. One consequence of our result is that erasing quantum information requires $\\sqrt{(n+1)/n}$ times more time-energy resource than erasing classical information, where $n$ is the system dimension.

Chi-Hang Fred Fung; H. F. Chau

2013-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

78

Data Center Energy Efficiency Measurement Assesment Kit Guide and Specification  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Guide describes the Federal Energy Management Program Data Center Energy Efficiency Measurement Assesment Kit and Specifications.

79

Geothermal Properties Measurement Tool | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Geothermal Properties Measurement Tool Geothermal Properties Measurement Tool Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Geothermal Properties Measurement Tool Agency/Company /Organization: Oak Ridge National Laboratory Sector: Energy Focus Area: Geothermal Topics: Resource assessment Resource Type: Software/modeling tools User Interface: Desktop Application Website: www.ornl.gov/sci/ees/etsd/btric/ground-source.shtml Cost: Free References: Geothermal Properties Measurement Tool [1] Logo: Geothermal Properties Measurement Tool The Geothermal Properties Measurement tool was developed at Oak Ridge National Laboratory for geothermal heat pump (GHP) designers and installers to better determine the geothermal properties of a certain location. The Geothermal Properties Measurement Excel tool was developed at Oak Ridge

80

Time-Energy Costs of Quantum Measurements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Time and energy of quantum processes are a tradeoff against each other. We propose to ascribe to any given quantum process a time-energy cost to quantify how much computation it performs. Here, we analyze the time-energy costs for general quantum measurements, along a similar line as our previous work for quantum channels, and prove exact and lower bound formulae for the costs. We use these formulae to evaluate the efficiencies of actual measurement implementations. We find that one implementation for a Bell measurement is optimal in time-energy. We also analyze the time-energy cost for unambiguous state discrimination and find evidence that only a finite time-energy cost is needed to distinguish any number of states.

Chi-Hang Fred Fung; H. F. Chau

2014-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mecs energy measures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Time-energy costs of quantum measurements  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Time and energy of quantum processes are a tradeoff against each other. We propose to ascribe to any given quantum process a time-energy cost to quantify how much computation it performs. Here, we analyze the time-energy costs for general quantum measurements, along a similar line as our previous work for quantum channels, and prove exact and lower bound formulas for the costs. We use these formulas to evaluate the efficiencies of actual measurement implementations. We find that one implementation for a Bell measurement is optimal in time energy. We also analyze the time-energy cost for unambiguous state discrimination and find evidence that only a finite time-energy cost is needed to distinguish any number of states.

Chi-Hang Fred Fung and H. F. Chau

2014-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

82

Measuring energy efficiency: Is energy intensity a good evidence base?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract There is a widespread assumption in energy statistics and econometrics that energy intensity and energy efficiency are equivalent measures of energy performance of economies. The paper points to the discrepancy between the engineering concept of energy efficiency and the energy intensity as it is understood in macroeconomic statistics. This double discrepancy concerns definitions (while engineering concept of energy efficiency is based on the thermodynamic definition, energy intensity includes economic measures) and use. With regard to the latter, the authors conclude that energy intensity can only provide indirect and delayed evidence of technological and engineering energy efficiency of energy conversion processes, which entails shortcomings for management and policymaking. Therefore, we suggest to stop considering subsectoral, sectoral and other levels of energy intensities as aggregates of lower-level energy efficiency. It is suggested that the insufficiency of energy intensity indicators can be compensated with the introduction of thermodynamic indicators describing energy efficiency at the physical, technological, enterprise, sub-sector, sectoral and national levels without references to any economic or financial parameters. Structured statistical data on thermodynamic efficiency is offered as a better option for identifying break-through technologies and technological bottle-necks that constrain efficiency advancements. It is also suggested that macro-level thermodynamic indicators should be based on the thermodynamic first law efficiency and the energy quality problem may be left to enterprise-level thermoeconomic optimization.

L. Proskuryakova; A. Kovalev

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Energy efficiency measurement in agriculture with imprecise energy content information  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Measuring energy efficiency is crucial when planning energy reduction policies. However, decision makers are understandably reluctant to act in the absence of solid data and results supporting a policy position. This paper proposes a methodology to measure the energy efficiency of farms based on the Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) approach. In a manner similar to the cost framework, we decompose energy efficiency measurements into technical and allocative efficiencies in energy contents of inputs. In this study, we replace input prices used in traditional economic efficiency measurements by their energy content. We use the energy efficiency model to explore the optimal input-mix that produces the current outputs at minimum energy-consumption. We demonstrate that this decomposition can help policy makers design accurate energy policies. However, the uncertainty of the data and, more particularly, the energy content of the inputs leads us to recommend using the methodologies to calculate the bounds of efficiency to obtain more plausible and robust results. Based on our analysis, energy efficiency is not a fixed value, and policy-makers should consider it with caution. We use a 2007 database of French farms specialised in field crops for empirical illustration.

Stphane Blancard; Elsa Martin

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Procedure to Measure Indoor Lighting Energy Performance  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document provides standard definitions of performance metrics and methods to determine them for the energy performance of building interior lighting systems. It can be used for existing buildings and for proposed buildings. The primary users for whom these documents are intended are building energy analysts and technicians who design, install, and operate data acquisition systems, and who analyze and report building energy performance data. Typical results from the use of this procedure are the monthly and annual energy used for lighting, energy savings from occupancy or daylighting controls, and the percent of the total building energy use that is used by the lighting system. The document is not specifically intended for retrofit applications. However, it does complement Measurement and Verification protocols that do not provide detailed performance metrics or measurement procedures.

Deru, M.; Blair, N.; Torcellini, P.

2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Sensors & Measurement | Clean Energy | ORNL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Electrical and Electronics Systems Research Sustainable Electricity Systems Biology Transportation Clean Energy Home | Science & Discovery | Clean Energy | Research Areas | Sensors & Measurement SHARE Sensors & Measurement Oak Ridge National Laboratory's (ORNL) capability in the research and development of sensor materials, sensors technologies, new instrumentation, and measurement systems is critical to its ability to translate breakthrough science into robust technologies, systems, and methods that address high-risk, high-complexity, multidisciplinary issues of national importance. This capability is manifested in a culture that effectively creates and manages complex systems by (1) developing detailed analytical processes to establish requirements, (2) analyzing candidate system

86

How energy conservation limits our measurements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Observations in Quantum Mechanics are subject to complex restrictions arising from the principle of energy conservation. Determining such restrictions, however, has been so far an elusive task, and only partial results are known. In this paper we discuss how constraints on the energy spectrum of a measurement device translate into limitations on the measurements which we can effect on a target system with non-trivial energy operator. We provide efficient algorithms to characterize such limitations and we quantify them exactly when the target is a two-level quantum system. Our work thus identifies the boundaries between what is possible or impossible to measure, i.e., between what we can see or not, when energy conservation is at stake.

Miguel Navascues; Sandu Popescu

2012-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

87

Measuring Income and Projecting Energy Use  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Abstract: Energy is a key requirement for a healthy, productive life and a major driver of the emissions leading to an increasingly warm planet. The implications of a doubling and redoubling of per capita incomes over the remainder of this century for energy use are a critical input into understanding the magnitude of the carbon management problem. A substantial controversy about how the Special Report on Emssions Scenarios (SRES) measured income and the potential implications of how income was measured for long term levels of energy use is revisited again in the McKibbin, Pearce and Stegman article appearing elsewhere in this issue. The recent release of a new set of purchasing power estimates of national income, and the preparations for creating new scenarios to support the IPCCs fifth assessment highlight the importance of the issues which have arisen surrounding income and energy use. Comparing the 1993 and 2005 ICP results on Purchasing Power Parity (PPP) based measures of income reveals that not only do the 2005 ICP estimates share the same issue of common growth rates for real income as measured by PPP and US $, but the lack of coherence in the estimates of PPP incomes, especially for developing countries raises yet another obstacle to resolving the best way to measure income. Further, the common use of an income term to mediate energy demand (as in the Kaya identity) obscures an underlying reality about per capita energy demands, leading to unreasonable estimates of the impact of changing income measures and of the recent high GDP growth rates in India and China. Significant new research is required to create both a reasonable set of GDP growth rates and long term levels of energy use.

Pitcher, Hugh M.

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Treatability studies on different refinery wastewater samples using high-throughput microbial electrolysis cells (MECs)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, 2005), brewery (Feng et al., 2008), animal (Min et al., 2005) and paper recycling wastewaters (HuangTreatability studies on different refinery wastewater samples using high-throughput microbial, University Park, PA 16802, USA h i g h l i g h t s Refinery wastewaters were tested as fuels in MECs

89

Neutron scattering measurements at intermediate energies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The study of elastic neutron scattering at intermediate energies is essential for the understanding of the isovector term in the nucleon-nucleus interaction, as well as for the development of macroscopic and microscopic optical potentials at these energies. The techniques used for neutron scattering measurements is presented in this paper, as well as the di culties encountered. The few facilities that have been used are reviewed, and a newly installed setup for such measurements in Uppsala is described. Finally, the normalization problem is speci cally addressed. 1

N. Olsson; J. Blomgren; E. Ramstrom

90

M&V Guidelines: Measurement and Verification for Federal Energy...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

M&V Guidelines: Measurement and Verification for Federal Energy Projects M&V Guidelines: Measurement and Verification for Federal Energy Projects Document describes the Federal...

91

M&V Guidelines: Measurement and Verification for Federal Energy...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

M&V Guidelines: Measurement and Verification for Federal Energy Projects M&V Guidelines: Measurement and Verification for Federal Energy Projects FEMP's standard procedures and...

92

Energy Savings Performance Contracting-Savings Measurement and...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Energy Savings Performance Contracting-Savings Measurement and Verification Transcript 2-24-2011.doc Energy Savings Performance Contracting-Savings Measurement and Verification...

93

NEMVP: North American energy measurement and verification protocol  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This measurement and verification protocol discusses procedures that,when implemented, allow buyers, sellers, and financiers of energy projects to quantify energy conservation measure performance and savings.

NONE

1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

A framework to characterize energy efficiency measures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The need to increase the diffusion of energy efficiency measures (EEMs) is of crucial importance to achieve a consistent reduction of energy consumption and green house gases (GHG) emissions. A clear comprehension of the characteristics of such \\{EEMs\\} could assist in gathering and capitalizing all the information needed by industrial firms in selecting and adopting technologies, as well as by policy-makers in designing appropriate policies for their diffusion. Therefore, in this study, starting from a literature review of the studies analyzing the attributes of EEMs, we aim at providing an innovative and comprehensive framework to characterize such measures, based on 17 attributes grouped according to six categories, such as: economic, energy, environmental, production-related, implementation-related and the possible interaction with other systems. We applied this scheme to an extensive range of \\{EEMs\\} in cross-cutting technologies, i.e. motors, compressed air, lighting and HVAC systems. The analysis provides a relevant contribution firstly to the structuring and the sharing of knowledge on \\{EEMs\\} and hence to the comprehension of the barriers currently hindering their adoption; secondly, it provides a structured basis for the analysis of the drivers that policy-makers should develop in order to promote industrial energy efficiency.

Andrea Trianni; Enrico Cagno; Alessio De Donatis

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Introducci'on a la Mec'anica Cl'asica FAMAT, agst-dic 2000  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

corresponde a nivel* * de energ'ia E de la ecuaci'on de Newton "x= -dV=dx. Demuestra que el periodo de OEt(x) del sistema mec'anico a lo largo del eje d* *e x con la energ'ia potencial V (x) = -x4".) 5.Demuestra que si la energ'ia potencial es positiva, V (x) > 0, entocnes el fl* *ujo fase del

Bor, Gil

96

IEA Policies and Measures Database | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

IEA Policies and Measures Database IEA Policies and Measures Database Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: IEA Policies and Measures Database Agency/Company /Organization: International Energy Agency Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy, Energy Efficiency, Climate Change Topics: Policies/deployment programs, Background analysis Resource Type: Dataset Website: www.iea.org/policiesandmeasures/ References: IEA Policies and Measures Database[1] The IEA Policies and Measures Database (often referred to as "PAMs") contains 3 sub-databases storing data for renewable energy, energy efficiency and climate change areas. Database provides information on governmental policies, strategies and programmes supporting deployment of renewable energy technologies, striving to increase energy efficiency and combat climate change.

97

Uniform Methods Project: Determining Energy Efficiency Savings for Specific Measures  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

The first set of protocols for determining energy savings from energy efficiency measures and programs were published by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) in April 2013. Funded by the Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability and the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, the developed protocols provide a straightforward method for evaluating gross energy savings for each of the most common residential and commercial measures and programs offered by ratepayer-funded energy efficiency programs in the United States.

98

Productivity benefits of industrial energy efficiency measures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the linkage between energy efficiency and productivity.and increased energy efficiency in integrated paper andand Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, 1997.

Worrell, Ernst

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Energy Measurement for the Cloud Yi Yu, Saleem Bhatti  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy Measurement for the Cloud Yi Yu, Saleem Bhatti School of Computer Science, University of St energy- efficient use of cloud systems? Clearly, being able to measure actual energy usage will allow a prototype for such an energy measurement system. I. INTRODUCTION Today, cloud services are widely used

Bhatti, Saleem N.

100

Measure, track, and benchmark | ENERGY STAR Buildings & Plants  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Measure, track, and benchmark Measure, track, and benchmark Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us Portfolio Manager Login Facility owners and managers Existing buildings Commercial new construction Industrial energy management Small business Service providers Service and product providers Verify applications for ENERGY STAR certification Design commercial buildings Energy efficiency program administrators Commercial and industrial program sponsors Associations State and local governments Federal agencies Tools and resources Training In this section Get started with ENERGY STAR Make the business case Build an energy management program Measure, track, and benchmark Tools for benchmarking energy management practices Tools for tracking and benchmarking facility energy performance ENERGY STAR Energy Performance Indicators for plants

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mecs energy measures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Energy Storage Monitoring System and In-Situ Impedance Measurement...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Monitoring System and In-Situ Impedance Measurement Modeling Energy Storage Monitoring System and In-Situ Impedance Measurement Modeling 2012 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program...

102

Measuring dark energy properties with 3D cosmic shear  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......weak-lensing surveys are extremely promising for measuring dark energy properties. gravitational...lensing with other dark energy probes and discuss future surveys and finally we...Gemini) or the Dark Energy Survey (Wester 2005......

A. F. Heavens; T. D. Kitching; A. N. Taylor

2006-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

103

M&V Guidelines: Measurement and Verification for Federal Energy...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

M&V Guidelines: Measurement and Verification for Federal Energy Projects Version 4.0 Prepared for the U.S. Department of Energy Federal Energy Management Program By

104

Extracting the Green's function from measurements of the energy flux  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Extracting the Green's function from measurements of the energy flux Roel Sniedera) Center for Wave in acoustics from measurements of the energy flux through an arbitrary closed surface surrounding both sources locations, rA and rB. In these experiments one first measures the total energy flux through a closed surface

Snieder, Roel

105

Measuring Energy Efficiency Report in Html: Table of Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Report: Measuring Energy Efficiency in the U.S. Economy Report: Measuring Energy Efficiency in the U.S. Economy Measuring Energy Efficiency In The United States' Economy: A Beginning Measuring Energy Efficiency in the United States' Economy (file size .94 MB) pages: 105. To View and/or Print Report (requires Adobe Acrobat Reader) - Download Adobe Acrobat Reader. Executive Summary Introduction Defining Energy Efficiency and Its Measurement Residential Sector Introduction Major Data Sources Energy Consumption in the Residential Sector Demand Indicators Energy-Intensity Indicators in the Residential Sector Strength and Limitations of the Energy-Intensity Indicators Commercial Buildings Sector Introduction Major Data Sources Energy Consumption in the Commercial Buildings Sector Demand Indicators Energy-Intensity Indicators in the Commercial Buildings Sector

106

Mec^anica Estatistica Lista 3 1 Deduza a ocupac~ao media de niveis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mec^anica Estat´istica ­ Lista 3 1 Deduza a ocupa¸c~ao m´edia de n´iveis com energia num sistema a ocupa¸c~ao m´axima de cada estado quatico ´e um f´ermion? 2 Deduza a ocupa¸c~ao m´edia de estados com a entropia de um g´as ideal de f´er- mions em termos da ocupa¸c~ao m´edia do estado j, . 5. Calcule

Levin, Yan

107

Methods for Determining Energy Efficiency Savings for Specific Measures |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Methods for Determining Energy Efficiency Savings for Specific Methods for Determining Energy Efficiency Savings for Specific Measures Methods for Determining Energy Efficiency Savings for Specific Measures This document provides a set of model protocols for determining energy and demand savings that result from specific energy efficiency measures implemented through state and utility efficiency programs. The methods described here are approaches that are-or are among-the most commonly used in the energy efficiency industry for certain measures or programs. Acknowledgements Introduction Commercial and Industrial Lighting Evaluation Protocol Commercial and Industrial Lighting Controls Evaluation Protocol Small Commercial and Residential Unitary and Split System HVAC Cooling Equipment-Efficiency Upgrade Evaluation Protocol

108

Manufacturing Consumption of Energy 1994  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

(MECS) > MECS 1994 Combined Consumption and Fuel Switching (MECS) > MECS 1994 Combined Consumption and Fuel Switching Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey 1994 (Combined Consumption and Fuel Switching) Manufacturing Energy Consumption Logo Full Report - (file size 5.4 MB) pages:531 Selected Sections (PDF format) Contents (file size 56 kilobytes, 10 pages). Overview (file size 597 kilobytes, 11 pages). Chapters 1-3 (file size 265 kilobytes, 9 pages). Chapter 4 (file size 1,070 kilobytes, 15 pages). Appendix A - Detailed Tables Tables A1 - A8 (file size 1,031 kilobytes, 139 pages). Tables A9 - A23 (file size 746 kilobytes, 119 pages). Tables A24 - A29 (file size 485 kilobytes, 84 pages). Tables A30 - A44 (file size 338 kilobytes, 39 pages). Appendix B (file size 194 kilobytes, 24 pages). Appendix C (file size 116 kilobytes, 16 pages).

109

Superior Energy Performance Measurement and Verification Protocol...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

and Verification Protocol for Industry (November 2012) More Documents & Publications Energy Intensity Baselining and Tracking Guidance EnPI V4.0 Tool Algorithm Superior Energy...

110

FastMeasure Distance Measuring Tools | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

FastMeasure Distance Measuring Tools FastMeasure Distance Measuring Tools Jump to: navigation, search Logo: FastMeasure Distance Measuring Tools Name FastMeasure Distance Measuring Tools Address 2890 Cherokee Lane Place Riverwoods, Illinois Zip 60015 Sector Vehicles Product Distance Measuring Instrument Year founded 2008 Number of employees 11-50 Phone number (888) 876-6050 Website http://www.fast-measure.com Coordinates 42.181686°, -87.898862° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42.181686,"lon":-87.898862,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

111

Policies and Measures to Realise Industrial Energy Efficiency and Mitigate  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Policies and Measures to Realise Industrial Energy Efficiency and Mitigate Policies and Measures to Realise Industrial Energy Efficiency and Mitigate Climate Change Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Policies and Measures to Realise Industrial Energy Efficiency and Mitigate Climate Change Agency/Company /Organization: United Nations Industrial Development Organization Sector: Energy Focus Area: Conventional Energy, Energy Efficiency, Industry Topics: GHG inventory, Low emission development planning, Policies/deployment programs Resource Type: Publications Website: www.unido.org/fileadmin/user_media/Publications/Pub_free/UNEnergy2009P Policies and Measures to Realise Industrial Energy Efficiency and Mitigate Climate Change Screenshot References: Policies and Measures to Realise Industrial Energy Efficiency and Mitigate Climate Change[1]

112

Adoption of energy-efficiency measures in SMEs An empirical analysis based on energy audit data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Adoption of energy-efficiency measures in SMEs ­ An empirical analysis based on energy audit data;Abstract This paper empiricallyinvestigates the factors driving the adoption of energy-efficiency measures bysubjective and objective proxies, appear to impede the adoption of energy-efficient measures, even

Boyer, Edmond

113

Success factors of energy efficiency measures in buildings in Norway  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The aim of the study was to identify factors and parameters, which could contribute to the successful implementation of energy efficiency measures in buildings, and to find which parameters introduce uncertainties in achieving the planned energy savings. A database of 41 buildings was developed for the analysis. The database contained information related to buildings, energy efficiency measures, and energy use over several years. A presentation method for the persistence of the energy efficiency measures was introduced. Through the energy performance contract, energy savings of 30% of the total energy use were suggested on average. The results showed that the success factors of the energy efficiency measures were: previous energy use, project cost, consultant experience and engagement, and implementation of a good operation plan. The persistence of the energy efficiency measures was influenced by the achieved savings in the first year, the guaranty period, and the implementation of the operation measures. Uncertainties in the presented results were induced by the following factors: temperature correction method, difference in reported building area, correctness of the information regarding the implemented measures, and calculation method. The uncertainty due to lack of information or not delivering the operation measures was about 20% of the total energy use.

Natasa Nord; Stine Fjrli Sjthun

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Application Level Energy and Performance Measurements in a Wireless LAN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Application Level Energy and Performance Measurements in a Wireless LAN Markus Tauber, Saleem N conclusions about the energy efficiency of transmissions in a WLAN cell. Our measurements have allowed us an experimental evaluation of energy usage and performance in a wireless LAN cell based on a testbed using the 5

Bhatti, Saleem N.

115

Ratcheting up energy by means of measurement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The destruction of quantum coherence can pump energy into a system. For our examples this is paradoxical since the destroyed correlations are ordinarily considered negligible. Mathematically the explanation is straightforward and physically one can identify the degrees of freedom supplying this energy. Nevertheless, the energy input can be calculated without specific reference to those degrees of freedom.

L. S. Schulman; B. Gaveau

2006-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

116

Procedure for Measuring and Reporting Commercial Building Energy Performance  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This procedure is intended to provide a standard method for measuring and characterizing the energy performance of commercial buildings. The procedure determines the energy consumption, electrical energy demand, and on-site energy production in existing commercial buildings of all types. The performance metrics determined here may be compared against benchmarks to evaluate performance and verify that performance targets have been achieved.

Barley, D.; Deru, M.; Pless, S.; Torcellini, P.

2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Energy measurement of muons above 1 TeV  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Pair production and bremsstrahlung cross-sections have sufficient magnitude and energy-dependence for muons above 1 TeV to suggest the use of these cross-sections for measurement of muon energies. A series of Mon...

M. K. Moe

1970-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

118

Energy Conservation Measures at an Automotive Instructional Facility  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy consumption and costs to operate an automotive technical training facility at Texas State Technical Institute in Waco have been significantly reduced through implementation of several energy conservation measures. This paper reviews building...

Godsey, F. W.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

A Methodology to Measure Retrofit Energy Savings in Commercial Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Measured energy savings promote and sustain energy conservation retrofits by verifying the success of retrofits, determining pay-back schedules, guiding the selection of future retrofits and identifying opportunities for further savings...

Kissock, John Kelly

2008-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

120

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) - Residential  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Consumption Consumption Glossary › FAQS › Overview Industrial Commercial Industrial Transportation Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey Data 2006 Analysis & Reports Early-release estimates from the 2010 MECS show that energy consumption in the manufacturing sector decreased between 2006 and 2010 MECS 2006-2010 - Release date: March 28, 2012 Energy consumption in the U.S. manufacturing sector fell from 21,098 trillion Btu (tBtu) in 2006 to 19,062 tBtu in 2010, a decline of almost 10 percent, based on preliminary estimates released from the 2010 Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey (MECS). This decline continues the downward trend in manufacturing energy use since the 1998 MECS report. figure data The decrease in energy consumption in the manufacturing sector was also

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mecs energy measures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Energy Dependence of Air Fluorescence Yield measured by AIRFLY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the fluorescence detection of ultra high energy (> 10**18 eV) cosmic rays, the number of emitted fluorescence photons is assumed to be proportional to the energy deposited in air by shower particles. We have performed measurements of the fluorescence yield in atmospheric gases excited by electrons over energies ranging from keV to hundreds of MeV in several accelerators. We found that within the measured energy ranges the proportionality holds at the level of few %.

M. Ave

2007-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

122

Precision Measurements with High Energy Neutrino Beams  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Neutrino scattering measurements offer a unique tool to probe the electroweak and strong interactions as described by the Standard Model (SM). Electroweak measurements are accessible through the comparison of neutrino neutral- and charged-current scattering. These measurements are complimentary to other electroweak measurements due to differences in the radiative corrections both within and outside the SM. Neutrino scattering measurements also provide a precise method for measuring the F_2(x,Q^2) and xF_3(x,Q^2 structure functions. The predicted Q^2 evolution can be used to test perturbative Quantum Chromodynamics as well as to measure the strong coupling constant, alpha _s, and the valence, sea, and gluon parton distributions. In addition, neutrino charm production, which can be determined from the observed dimuon events, allows the strange-quark sea to be investigated along with measurements of the CKM matrix element |V_{cd}| and the charm quark mass.

Janet M. Conrad; Michael H. Shaevitz; Tim Bolton

1997-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

123

ENERGY MEASUREMENTS IN THE SWASH-SURF ZONE  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

ABSTBACT. A technique has been devised for obtaining energy and sediment data in the swash-surf ... Conventional methods of measuring rates of fluid flow.

124

Measurement and Verification of Low Income Energy Efficiency Programs in  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Measurement and Verification of Low Income Energy Efficiency Programs in Measurement and Verification of Low Income Energy Efficiency Programs in Brazil: Methodological Challenges Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Measurement and Verification of Low Income Energy Efficiency Programs in Brazil: Methodological Challenges Focus Area: Energy Efficiency Topics: Socio-Economic Website: www.eceee.org/conference_proceedings/eceee/2009/Panel_3/3.049/ Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/measurement-and-verification-low-inco Language: English Policies: "Regulations,Financial Incentives" is not in the list of possible values (Deployment Programs, Financial Incentives, Regulations) for this property. Regulations: Feebates This report presents results from Brazilian electric utilities evaluation

125

Uncertainty estimation improves energy measurement and verification procedures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Implementing energy conservation measures in buildings can reduce energy costs and environmental impacts, but such measures cost money to implement so intelligent investment strategies require the ability to quantify the energy savings by comparing actual energy used to how much energy would have been used in absence of the conservation measures (known as the baseline energy use). Methods exist for predicting baseline energy use, but a limitation of most statistical methods reported in the literature is inadequate quantification of the uncertainty in baseline energy use predictions. However, estimation of uncertainty is essential for weighing the risks of investing in retrofits. Most commercial buildings have, or soon will have, electricity meters capable of providing data at short time intervals. These data provide new opportunities to quantify uncertainty in baseline predictions, and to do so after shorter measurement durations than are traditionally used. In this paper, we show that uncertainty estimation provides greater measurement and verification (M&V) information and helps to overcome some of the difficulties with deciding how much data is needed to develop baseline models and to confirm energy savings. We also show that cross-validation is an effective method for computing uncertainty. In so doing, we extend a simple regression-based method of predicting energy use using short-interval meter data. We demonstrate the methods by predicting energy use in 17 real commercial buildings. We discuss the benefits of uncertainty estimates which can provide actionable decision making information for investing in energy conservation measures.

Travis Walter; Phillip N. Price; Michael D. Sohn

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Uncertainty Estimation Improves Energy Measurement and Verification Procedures  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Implementing energy conservation measures in buildings can reduce energy costs and environmental impacts, but such measures cost money to implement so intelligent investment strategies require the ability to quantify the energy savings by comparing actual energy used to how much energy would have been used in absence of the conservation measures (known as the baseline energy use). Methods exist for predicting baseline energy use, but a limitation of most statistical methods reported in the literature is inadequate quantification of the uncertainty in baseline energy use predictions. However, estimation of uncertainty is essential for weighing the risks of investing in retrofits. Most commercial buildings have, or soon will have, electricity meters capable of providing data at short time intervals. These data provide new opportunities to quantify uncertainty in baseline predictions, and to do so after shorter measurement durations than are traditionally used. In this paper, we show that uncertainty estimation provides greater measurement and verification (M&V) information and helps to overcome some of the difficulties with deciding how much data is needed to develop baseline models and to confirm energy savings. We also show that cross-validation is an effective method for computing uncertainty. In so doing, we extend a simple regression-based method of predicting energy use using short-interval meter data. We demonstrate the methods by predicting energy use in 17 real commercial buildings. We discuss the benefits of uncertainty estimates which can provide actionable decision making information for investing in energy conservation measures.

Walter, Travis; Price, Phillip N.; Sohn, Michael D.

2014-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

127

Effects of Environmental Temperature Change on Building Energy Audit Measurements  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A study is made on how environmental temperature changes affect measurements on heat-transfer resistance at bounding surfaces, as this is a major characteristic measured in energy auditing for domestic and indust...

Yu. A. Chistyakov

2002-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Energy Saving System for Home Energy Measurement and Efficient Power Control  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Energy Saving System (ESS) is designed and implemented for real-time home energy measurement and the efficient power control at homes or buildings. For energy saving functions and the future extension to the...

Kwang-Soon Choi; Young-Choong Park; Yang-Keun Ahn

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

From free energy measurements to free energy inference in small systems Felix Ritort  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

From free energy measurements to free energy inference in small systems Abstract. Fluctuation theorems (FTs) have provided new methods to extract free the knowledge of the free energy of nucleic acid and protein structures

Potsdam, Universität

130

Measuring Changes in Energy Efficiency for the Annual Energy Outlook 2002  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Changes in Energy Efficiency Changes in Energy Efficiency for the Annual Energy Outlook 2002 by Steven H. Wade This paper describes the construction of an aggregate energy efficiency index based on projections of sectoral and subsector energy consumption and subsector-specific energy service indicators. The results are compared with the ratio energy to real gross domestic product, which typically is pre- sented as a measure of energy intensity. Introduction Energy efficiency and conservation are currently impor- tant components of the debate about the direction of future energy policy. Measuring the actual energy effi- ciency of the U.S. economy is a daunting task because of the immense data requirements for a proper calculation. Appropriate data are difficult to obtain, and as a result historical descriptions of the economy usually are sum- marized in two energy intensity measures: (1) energy

131

Measuring energy efficiency in the United States` economy: A beginning  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Energy efficiency is a vital component of the Nation`s energy strategy. One of the Department of Energy`s missions are to promote energy efficiency to help the Nation manage its energy resources. The ability to define and measure energy efficiency is essential to this objective. In the absence of consistent defensible measures, energy efficiency is a vague, subjective concept that engenders directionless speculation and confusion rather than insightful analysis. The task of defining and measuring energy efficiency and creating statistical measures as descriptors is a daunting one. This publication is not a final product, but is EIA`s first attempt to define and measure energy efficiency in a systematic and robust manner for each of the sectors and the United States economy as a whole. In this process, EIA has relied on discussions, customer reviews, in-house reviews, and seminars that have focused on energy efficiency in each of the sectors. EIA solicits the continued participation of its customers in further refining this work.

NONE

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Measuring dark energy with the shear triplet statistics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......measurement of the dark energy properties with future weak lensing survey. 2 BASICS The...KIDS, the planned Dark Energy Survey on the CTIO Blanco...statistics as a dark energy probe in view of future galaxy survey. The main source......

M. Sereno

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Refrigerator/freezer energy use: Measured values vs. simulation results  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The EPA Refrigerator Analysis (ERA) program was utilized in the engineering analysis performed to support the proposed refrigerator/freezer standards in the United States. In this paper the accuracy of the ERA program for predicting the energy consumption of domestic refrigerators, freezers, and refrigerator-freezers is studied by comparing the predicted energy consumption with the measured energy consumption.

Hakim, S.H.; Turiel, I. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab., CA (United States). Energy and Environment Div.

1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

134

The Impact of Deregulation on Energy Conservation and DSM Measures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE IMPACT OF DEREGULATION ON ENERGY CONSERVATION AND DSM MEASURES Michael W. Brasovan Project Director, Energy Procurement Carter & Burgess Ft. Worth, Texas ABSTRACT The regulated utility monopoly, with its defined and quasi.... THE IMPACT OF DEREGULATION ON ENERGY CONSERVATION AND DSM MEASURES In the past, determining the benefits of different electricity consumers? operating strategies or schedules was done by modeling the different scenarios on one or more of the electric...

Brasovan, M. W.

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Evaluation of Energy Conservation Measures by Model Simulation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Evaluation of Energy Conservation Measures by Model Simulation Tim Giebler. Mingsheng Liu, and David Claridge Energy Systems Laboratory Texas A&M University Abstract Numerous energy conservation measures are being implemented into the air..., leaving the cold deck set point constant. Hot and cold deck reset schedules optimized according to outside air temperature have been studied and documented by Liu et a1 [3,4]. Knowledge of outside air dew point temperature or relative humidity can...

Giebler, T.; Liu, M.; Claridge, D. E.

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Integrating Empirical Measures of Energy Efficiency into an Energy Modeling Framework  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Integrating Empirical Measures of Energy Efficiency Into An Energy Modeling Framework Gale Boyd, Argonne National Laboratory Tools such as Data Envelopment Analysis and Stochastic Frontier Regressions provide a basis for empirical measures... of efficiency. The definition of efficiency these tools encompass can be as broadly defined as total factor productivity, or narrowly defined in terms of single inputs like energy. Given the ability to generate empirical measures of energy efficiency...

Boyd, G.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Corporate Performance Measures Definitions | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Budget & Performance » Corporate Budget & Performance » Corporate Performance Measures Definitions Corporate Performance Measures Definitions Corporate Performance Measures Plutonium Metal or Oxide packaged for long-term storage (number of containers): Certified DOE storage/treatment/disposal (STD) 3013 containers (or equivalent) of plutonium metal or oxide packaged and ready for long-term storage. Enriched Uranium packaged for long-term storage (number of containers): Certified containers packaged and ready for long-term storage. Plutonium or Uranium Residues packaged for disposition (kg of bulk material): Amount of residue material packaged and ready for disposition/disposal. Depleted and other Uranium packaged for disposition (metric tons): Depleted and natural uranium packaged in a form suitable for disposition.

138

SEE Action Webinar on Energy Efficiency Measure Cost Studies  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Presented by State and Local Energy Efficiency Action Network (SEE Action), this webinar will explain the importance of measure cost studies, review the current "state of the science" of measure cost development and estimation, and explore opportunities for future collaboration and advancement of measure cost research.

139

Neutron Energy Measurements in Radiological Emergency Response Applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present significant results in recent advances in the determination of neutron energy. Neutron energy measurements are a small but very significant part of radiological emergency response applications. Mission critical information can be obtained by analyzing the neutron energy given off from radioactive materials. In the case of searching for special nuclear materials, neutron energy information from an unknown source can be of paramount importance.

Sanjoy Mukhopadhyay, Paul Guss, Michael Hornish, Scott Wilde, Tom Stampahar, Michael Reed

2009-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

140

Nuclear symmetry energy at subnormal densities from measured nuclear masses  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The symmetry energy coefficients for nuclei with mass number A=20250 are extracted from more than 2000 measured nuclear masses. With the semiempirical connection between the symmetry energy coefficients of finite nuclei and the nuclear symmetry energy at reference densities, we investigate the density dependence of the symmetry energy of nuclear matter at subnormal densities. The obtained results are compared with those extracted from other methods.

Min Liu; Ning Wang; Zhu-Xia Li; Feng-Shou Zhang

2010-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mecs energy measures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Nuclear symmetry energy at subnormal densities from measured nuclear masses  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The symmetry energy coefficients for nuclei with mass number A=20~250 are extracted from more than 2000 measured nuclear masses. With the semi-empirical connection between the symmetry energy coefficients of finite nuclei and the nuclear symmetry energy at reference densities, we investigate the density dependence of symmetry energy of nuclear matter at subnormal densities. The obtained results are compared with those extracted from other methods.

Min Liu; Ning Wang; Zhuxia Li; Fengshou Zhang

2010-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

142

Implementation of Energy Efficiency Measures and Continuous Commissioning  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Implementation of Energy Efficiency Measures and Continuous Commissioning Implementation of Energy Efficiency Measures and Continuous Commissioning in Two High-tech Buildings in Silicon Valley Speaker(s): Yaolin Lin Date: September 7, 2010 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Mark Levine Continuous commissioning on existing buildings aims at resolving building mechanical system operation problems, improving system reliability, improving occupants' thermal comfort, increasing building energy efficiency, minimizing retrofit cost, and achieving energy savings at the same time. Dr. Lin will present the implementation of energy efficiency measures on two high-tech buildings in Silicon Valley, California. A total saving of 16,000,000kWh/yr in electricity was achieved and confirmed by measurements from 23 power meters throughout the two buildings. Saving of

143

A Framework for Comparative Assessments of Energy Efficiency Policy Measures  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

When policy makers propose new policies, there is a need to assess the costs and benefits of the proposed policy measures, to compare them to existing and alternative policies, and to rank them according to their effectiveness. In the case of equipment energy efficiency regulations, comparing the effects of a range of alternative policy measures requires evaluating their effects on consumers budgets, on national energy consumption and economics, and on the environment. Such an approach should be able to represent in a single framework the particularities of each policy measure and provide comparable results. This report presents an integrated methodological framework to assess prospectively the energy, economic, and environmental impacts of energy efficiency policy measures. The framework builds on the premise that the comparative assessment of energy efficiency policy measures should (a) rely on a common set of primary data and parameters, (b) follow a single functional approach to estimate the energy, economic, and emissions savings resulting from each assessed measure, and (c) present results through a set of comparable indicators. This framework elaborates on models that the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has used in support of its rulemakings on mandatory energy efficiency standards. In addition to a rigorous analysis of the impacts of mandatory standards, DOE compares the projected results of alternative policy measures to those projected to be achieved by the standards. The framework extends such an approach to provide a broad, generic methodology, with no geographic or sectoral limitations, that is useful for evaluating any type of equipment energy efficiency market intervention. The report concludes with a demonstration of how to use the framework to compare the impacts estimated for twelve policy measures focusing on increasing the energy efficiency of gas furnaces in the United States.

Blum, Helcio; Atkinson, Barbara; Lekov, Alex

2011-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

144

PFT Air Infiltration Measurement Technique | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

PFT Air Infiltration Measurement Technique PFT Air Infiltration Measurement Technique PFT Air Infiltration Measurement Technique April 2, 2012 - 3:11pm Addthis The Brookhaven National Laboratory developed the PFT (PerFluorocarbon tracer gas) technique to measure changes over time when determining a building's air-infiltration rate. The Brookhaven National Laboratory developed the PFT (PerFluorocarbon tracer gas) technique to measure changes over time when determining a building's air-infiltration rate. What does this mean for me? You can save 5%-30% on your energy bill by making upgrades following a home energy assessment. A professional energy auditor may use the PFT air infiltration measurement technique to find out where your home has air leaks, though a blower door test is more commonly used.

145

White House Highlights New DOE Measures to Advance Renewable Energy Deployment and Increase Energy Efficiency  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

WASHINGTON - Building on the Presidents Climate Action Plan and the Administrations effort to diversify our energy portfolio and cut energy waste, the Energy Department today announced a series of executive actions to expand the deployment of renewable energy and cut greenhouse gas emissions. Altogether, these measures will bring the U.S. closer to its clean energy future, while protecting the environment and helping Americans save money by saving energy.

146

1991 Manufacturing Consumption of Energy 1991 Executive Summary  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1991 Executive Summary 1991 Executive Summary 1991 Figure showing the Largest Energy Consumers in the Manufacturing Sector Executive Summary The Manufacturing Consumption of Energy 1991 report presents statistics about the energy consumption of the manufacturing sector, based on the 1991 Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey (MECS). The MECS is the only comprehensive source of national-level data on U.S. manufacturing energy use. The 1991 MECS is the third in an ongoing series of surveys conducted at 3-year intervals beginning in 1985. Pursuant to a provision of the Energy Policy Act of 1992, the MECS will be conducted biennially beginning in 1994. The MECS surveys a nationally representative sample of manufacturing establishments by means of mailed questionnaires. The 1991 sample represented 98 percent of the U.S. manufacturing sector universe, which consists of all manufacturing establishments in the 50 States and the District of Columbia. Compared with the 1988 MECS, the designed sample size for 1991 was increased from 12,065 manufacturing establishments to 16,054 establishments.

147

Home Performance with Energy Star High Efficiency Measure Incentive (HEMI)  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Home Performance with Energy Star High Efficiency Measure Incentive Home Performance with Energy Star High Efficiency Measure Incentive (HEMI) Home Performance with Energy Star High Efficiency Measure Incentive (HEMI) < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Cooling Appliances & Electronics Sealing Your Home Ventilation Manufacturing Commercial Lighting Lighting Water Heating Maximum Rebate $3,000 Program Info State New York Program Type State Rebate Program Rebate Amount 10% of project costs Provider New York State Energy Research and Development Authority The New York State Research and Development Authority (NYSERDA) offers an incentive for homeowners of 1-4 homes that participate in the Home Performance with Energy Star program. The program entitles the participant

148

Delayed neutron energy spectrum measurements of actinide waste isotopes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

was irradiated using the Texas A&M Nuclear Science Center Reactor (NSCR). Three proton recoil detectors, operating individually, in conjunction with MCNP calculated response functions, were used to measure the delayed neutron energy spectra of each isotope...

Comfort, Christopher M.

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

149

Vermont Wind Measurement Company Still Strong | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Vermont Wind Measurement Company Still Strong Vermont Wind Measurement Company Still Strong Vermont Wind Measurement Company Still Strong April 9, 2010 - 3:16pm Addthis NRG's new building utilizes solar power, but their products measure wind potential. | Photo courtesy NRG Systems NRG's new building utilizes solar power, but their products measure wind potential. | Photo courtesy NRG Systems Joshua DeLung NRG Systems, of Hinesburg, Vt., has made products to help its customers measure and understand the potential of wind energy since 1982. Now, because of additional opportunities the Recovery Act has created for renewable energy companies, small businesses such as NRG Systems are poised to grow with the increased demand for proven wind measurement and turbine control equipment. NRG Systems' customers are primarily developers, utilities and research

150

Vermont Wind Measurement Company Still Strong | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Vermont Wind Measurement Company Still Strong Vermont Wind Measurement Company Still Strong Vermont Wind Measurement Company Still Strong April 9, 2010 - 3:16pm Addthis NRG's new building utilizes solar power, but their products measure wind potential. | Photo courtesy NRG Systems NRG's new building utilizes solar power, but their products measure wind potential. | Photo courtesy NRG Systems Joshua DeLung NRG Systems, of Hinesburg, Vt., has made products to help its customers measure and understand the potential of wind energy since 1982. Now, because of additional opportunities the Recovery Act has created for renewable energy companies, small businesses such as NRG Systems are poised to grow with the increased demand for proven wind measurement and turbine control equipment. NRG Systems' customers are primarily developers, utilities and research

151

National Residential Efficiency Measures Database | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Residential Residential Efficiency Measures Database National Residential Efficiency Measures Database This photo shows a man in a white hazardous materials suit blowing insulation inside of an attic. He is wearing a headlamp on his head and the beam shines in the general direction of the insulation tube he is holding. Home improvement can be expensive. The good news is that many energy efficiency improvements quickly pay for themselves in energy savings. Having accurate and consistent performance and cost data for energy efficiency measures enables researchers and the building industry to determine the most cost-effective means of improving existing homes all across the nation. The National Residential Efficiency Measures Database is a centralized resource of residential building retrofit measures and associated estimated

152

Measurement & Verification with Green Button Data | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Measurement & Verification with Green Button Data Measurement & Verification with Green Button Data Measurement & Verification with Green Button Data April 13, 2012 - 4:15pm Addthis Shankar Earni Program Manager at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Measurement and verification (M&V) focuses on ensuring that the savings from energy efficiency projects are being realized with a certain degree of confidence. M&V involves understanding how energy savings arebeing realized from a project; designing a cost-effective assessment strategy that addresses how to ensure the savings can be measured; and implementing the designed strategy by gathering the key data followed by analysis and reporting of the actual savings. In some cases, data from the Green Button program can be used to assess the energy savings from new efficiency

153

The Home Energy Score: Measuring 'MPG' For Your Home | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

The Home Energy Score: Measuring 'MPG' For Your Home The Home Energy Score: Measuring 'MPG' For Your Home The Home Energy Score: Measuring 'MPG' For Your Home November 16, 2010 - 8:52am Addthis Dr. Kathleen Hogan Dr. Kathleen Hogan Deputy Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency Editor's Note: Cross-posted from the Energy Blog. You may know the miles per gallon your car gets, but have you ever wanted to know the miles per gallon your home gets? Vice President Biden and Secretary Chu recently launched the Home Energy Score program to help consumers save money by saving energy. The program is kicking off in ten pilot locations across the nation. The Home Energy Score is like a miles per gallon rating - but for your home. It summarizes a home's energy performance on a simple 10-point scale - with a 10 for the top performers, or those that keep the home

154

The Home Energy Score: Measuring "MPG" For Your Home | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

The Home Energy Score: Measuring "MPG" For Your Home The Home Energy Score: Measuring "MPG" For Your Home The Home Energy Score: Measuring "MPG" For Your Home November 9, 2010 - 2:27pm Addthis Acting Under Secretary Cathy Zoi talks about the new Home Energy Score pilot program. Dr. Kathleen Hogan Dr. Kathleen Hogan Deputy Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency You may know the miles per gallon your car gets, but have you ever wanted to know the miles per gallon your home gets? Today, Vice President Biden and Secretary Chu launched the Home Energy Score program to help consumers save money by saving energy. The program is kicking off in ten pilot locations across the nation. The Home Energy Score is like a miles per gallon rating - but for your home. It summarizes a home's energy performance on a simple 10-point

155

The Home Energy Score: Measuring "MPG" For Your Home | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

The Home Energy Score: Measuring "MPG" For Your Home The Home Energy Score: Measuring "MPG" For Your Home The Home Energy Score: Measuring "MPG" For Your Home November 9, 2010 - 2:27pm Addthis Acting Under Secretary Cathy Zoi talks about the new Home Energy Score pilot program. Dr. Kathleen Hogan Dr. Kathleen Hogan Deputy Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency You may know the miles per gallon your car gets, but have you ever wanted to know the miles per gallon your home gets? Today, Vice President Biden and Secretary Chu launched the Home Energy Score program to help consumers save money by saving energy. The program is kicking off in ten pilot locations across the nation. The Home Energy Score is like a miles per gallon rating - but for your home. It summarizes a home's energy performance on a simple 10-point

156

The Home Energy Score: Measuring 'MPG' For Your Home | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

The Home Energy Score: Measuring 'MPG' For Your Home The Home Energy Score: Measuring 'MPG' For Your Home The Home Energy Score: Measuring 'MPG' For Your Home November 16, 2010 - 8:52am Addthis Dr. Kathleen Hogan Dr. Kathleen Hogan Deputy Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency Editor's Note: Cross-posted from the Energy Blog. You may know the miles per gallon your car gets, but have you ever wanted to know the miles per gallon your home gets? Vice President Biden and Secretary Chu recently launched the Home Energy Score program to help consumers save money by saving energy. The program is kicking off in ten pilot locations across the nation. The Home Energy Score is like a miles per gallon rating - but for your home. It summarizes a home's energy performance on a simple 10-point scale - with a 10 for the top performers, or those that keep the home

157

Superior Energy Performance Measurement and Verification Protocol for Industry  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This Measurement and Verification Protocol for Industry defines the procedures that will be used to confirm conformance with the energy performance level requirements of the Superior Energy Performance Program. The Program has two paths. This document is structured to reflect those different paths.

158

Energy Efficiency Measures to Incorporate into Remodeling Projects  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Energy improvements in a home are often approached as one concerted effort, beginning with a simple walk-through assessment or more in-depth energy audit and followed by the installation of recommended energy measures. While this approach allows for systems thinking to guide the efforts, comprehensive energy improvements of this nature are undertaken by a relatively small number of the households in our nation compared to more piecemeal remodeling efforts. Even when programs like the Weatherization Assistance Program and Home Performance with ENERGY STAR are considered, homes that have had a comprehensive energy makeover still represent a small fraction of the 111.1 million households. In this report, the U.S Department of Energy Building America Retrofit Alliance research team looks at the improvement of a home's energy performance in an opportunistic way: it examines what can be done to incorporate energy efficiency measures into general remodeling work and home repair projects. This allows for the possibility for people who would not normally pursue energy efficiency but will remodel their kitchen or re-side their home to improve their home's performance at the same time. There are challenges to this approach, not the least of which being that the work will take place over time in potentially many separate projects. The opportunity to improve a home's energy efficiency at one time expands or contracts with the scope of the remodel. As such, guidance on how to do each piece thoughtfully and with consideration for potential future projects, is critical.

Liaukus, C.

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

NIST Measurement Services: cw Laser Power and Energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NIST Measurement Services: cw Laser Power and Energy Calibrations at NIST NIST Special Publication technical operating units and their principal activities are listed below. For more information visit and Measures Advanced Technology Program ·Economic Assessment ·Information Technology and Applications

160

Nonlinear elastic free energies and gradient Young-Gibbs measures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate, in a fairly general setting, the limit of large volume equilibrium Gibbs measures for elasticity type Hamiltonians with clamped boundary conditions. The existence of a quasiconvex free energy, forming the large deviations rate functional, is shown using a new interpolation lemma for partition functions. The local behaviour of the Gibbs measures can be parametrized by Young measures on the space of gradient Gibbs measures. In view of unboundedness of the state space, the crucial tool here is an exponential tightness estimate that holds for a vast class of potentials and the construction of suitable compact sets of gradient Gibbs measures.

Roman Koteck; Stephan Luckhaus

2012-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mecs energy measures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Measurement and Performance Tracking (MAPT) Initiative | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Measurement and Performance Tracking (MAPT) Initiative Measurement and Performance Tracking (MAPT) Initiative Jump to: navigation, search Logo: WRI Measurement and Performance Tracking (MAPT) Project Name WRI Measurement and Performance Tracking (MAPT) Project Agency/Company /Organization World Resources Institute (WRI) Sector Climate, Energy Topics Background analysis, Baseline projection, Low emission development planning, -NAMA Resource Type Case studies/examples, Guide/manual, Lessons learned/best practices, Training materials, Workshop Website http://www.wri.org/mapt Program Start 2011 Country Brazil, Colombia, Ethiopia, India, South Africa, Thailand South America, South America, Eastern Africa, Southern Asia, Southern Africa, South-Eastern Asia References Measurement and Performance Tracking (MAPT) Project[1]

162

Measuring the speed of dark: Detecting dark energy perturbations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The nature of dark energy can be probed not only through its equation of state but also through its microphysics, characterized by the sound speed of perturbations to the dark energy density and pressure. As the sound speed drops below the speed of light, dark energy inhomogeneities increase, affecting both cosmic microwave background and matter power spectra. We show that current data can put no significant constraints on the value of the sound speed when dark energy is purely a recent phenomenon, but can begin to show more interesting results for early dark energy models. For example, the best fit model for current data has a slight preference for dynamics [w(a){ne}-1], degrees of freedom distinct from quintessence (c{sub s{ne}}1), and early presence of dark energy [{Omega}{sub de}(a<<1){ne}0]. Future data may open a new window on dark energy by measuring its spatial as well as time variation.

Putter, Roland de [Berkeley Lab and University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States); Huterer, Dragan [Department of Physics, University of Michigan, 450 Church Street, Ann Arbor, Michigan, 48109 (United States); Linder, Eric V. [Berkeley Lab and University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States); Institute for the Early Universe, Ewha Womans University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

2010-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

163

Measurement of Dijet Photoproduction at High Transverse Energies at HERA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The cross section for dijet photoproduction at high transverse energies is presented as a function of the transverse energies and the pseudorapidities of the jets. The measurement is performed using a sample of ep-interactions corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 6.3 pb^(-1), recorded by the ZEUS detector.Jets are defined by applying a k_T-clustering algorithm to the hadrons observed in the final state. The measured cross sections are compared to next-to-leading order QCD calculations. In a kinematic regime where theoretical uncertainties are expected to be small, the measured cross sections are higher than these calculations.

J. Breitweg

1999-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

164

Energy-z correlation measurements of electron bunches  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Bunch length and energy-z correlation measurements were performed on the high energy (28.5GeV) electron test beam of the A-line and End Station A (ESA) facilities at the SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory. The longitudinal profile of each bunch was measured by imaging the synchrotron light emitted as the electrons traversed a highly dispersive bend after being streaked by a transverse rf deflecting cavity. In addition, high frequency diodes and pyroelectric detectors placed at a ceramic gap in the beam line were used to measure the length of the bunch in ESA.

Stephen Molloy; Paul Emma; Josef Frisch; Rick Iverson; Marc Ross; Doug McCormick; Mike Woods; Sean Walston

2010-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

165

National Residential Efficiency Measures Database | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » National Residential Efficiency Measures Database Jump to: navigation, search Tool Name National Residential Efficiency Measures Database Tool Author National Renewable Energy Laboratory Regional Focus National Focus Area Building Energy Efficiency Implementation Phase Evaluate Effectiveness and Revise as Needed Type CommunityEnergyToolType Modeling Tool Cost Free User Interface Website, Other Website http://www.nrel.gov/ap/retrofits/index.cfm Tool Users The National Residential Efficiency Measures Database is a publicly available, centralized resource of residential building retrofit measures and costs for the U.S. building industry.

166

Energy Efficiency Measurement & Verification in South Africa  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Energy Efficiency Measurement & Verification in South Africa Energy Efficiency Measurement & Verification in South Africa Speaker(s): Xiaohua Xia Date: December 17, 2012 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Stephane de la Rue du Can Measurement and verification (M&V) is the process of using measurements to reliably determine actual saving created within an individual facility by an energy management program. This talk will describe the basics of M&V, and introduce how M&V is conducted in the Republic of South Africa. Topics covered include the history of M&V in South Africa, the business structure, and the Eskom-led M&V protocols and guidelines of M&V. The talk will also present how the M&V profession is governed and regulated by the national professional body, the national standard (the first in the world), and a

167

Meeting the Energy Challenge -A White Paper on Energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

reliance on fossil fuels in the energy sector, thus reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions at the same alternatives to such fuels. 1 For example, Meeting the Energy Challenge (MEC) announces or is related a decrease both demand for scare resources and the emissions produced as a result of energy use

Martin, Ralph R.

168

Instructions for "The Great Energy Predictor Shootout II: Measuring Retrofit Energy Savings"  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and compare how those models can be used to calculate energy conservation retrofit savings. ASHRAE's TC 1.5 and TC 4.7 have authorized a "Building Energy Predictor Shootout II: Measuring Retrofit Energy Savings" which is the focus of this competition....

Haberl, J. S.; Kreider, J. F.

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Data Center Energy Efficiency Measurement Assesment Kit Guide and Specification  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Data Center Energy Data Center Energy Efficiency Measurement Assessment Kit Guide and Specification By Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Rod Mahdavi, PE, LEED AP October 26, 2012 Acknowledgements This report was prepared for the Federal Energy Management Program by Rod Mahdavi of Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. The work was supported by the Federal Energy Management Program led by Will Lintner. Contacts Author: Rod Mahdavi, P.E. LEED AP Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory One Cyclotron Road M.S. 90-3411E Berkeley, CA 94720 510.495.2259 rmahdavi@lbl.gov For more information on FEMP: Will Lintner, P.E., CEM Federal Energy Management Program U.S. Department of Energy 1000 Independence Ave., S.W. Washington, D.C. 20585-0121 202.586.3120 william.lintner@ee.doe.gov

170

Data Center Energy Efficiency Measurement Assesment Kit Guide and Specification  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Data Center Energy Data Center Energy Efficiency Measurement Assessment Kit Guide and Specification By Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Rod Mahdavi, PE, LEED AP October 26, 2012 Acknowledgements This report was prepared for the Federal Energy Management Program by Rod Mahdavi of Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. The work was supported by the Federal Energy Management Program led by Will Lintner. Contacts Author: Rod Mahdavi, P.E. LEED AP Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory One Cyclotron Road M.S. 90-3411E Berkeley, CA 94720 510.495.2259 rmahdavi@lbl.gov For more information on FEMP: Will Lintner, P.E., CEM Federal Energy Management Program U.S. Department of Energy 1000 Independence Ave., S.W. Washington, D.C. 20585-0121 202.586.3120 william.lintner@ee.doe.gov

171

ENERGY MEASUREMENTS EGG-10282-1063 UC-41  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

$ EGcG $ EGcG ENERGY MEASUREMENTS EGG-10282-1063 UC-41 OCTOBER 1984 ii 23 THE REMOTE SENSING 1 i13 LAGORATO OPERATED FORTHE U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY BY EG&G/EM AN AERIAL RADIOLOGICAL SURVEY FOR *41Am CONTAMINATION IN TONAWANDA, NEW YORK DATE OF SURVEY: MAY 1984 --- -I, .--_--...- &, EGcG ENERGY MEASUREMENTS EGG-10282-1063 OCTOBER 1984 AN AERIAL RADIOLOGICAL SURVEY FOR *41Am CONTAMINATION IN TONAWANDA, N E W YORK DATE OF SURVEY: M A Y 1984 H. W . Clark Project Scientist REVIEWED BY Nuclear Radiation Physics Section This Document is UNCLASSIFIED /.W#A - G. P. Stobie Classification Officer This work was performed by EG&G/EM for the United States Department of Energy, Office of Nuclear Safety, under Contract Number DE-AC08-83NV10282. ..--___ ' 2

172

Uncertainties in Achieving Energy Savings from HVAC Maintenance Measures in the Field  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Uncertainties in Achieving Energy Savings from HVAC Maintenance Measures in the Field Kristin utilities across the nation to include HVAC maintenance measures in energy efficiency programs Maintenance measures have a significant potential for energy savings in residential and commercial unitary

California at Davis, University of

173

Application of surface energy measurements to evaluate moisture susceptibility of asphalt and aggregates  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is assessed using surface energy measurements and dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA). Surface energy is defined as the energy needed to create a new unit surface area of material in vacuum condition. Surface energy measurements are used to compute the adhesive...

Zollinger, Corey James

2005-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

174

List of Comprehensive Measures/Whole Building Incentives | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Measures/Whole Building Incentives Measures/Whole Building Incentives Jump to: navigation, search The following contains the list of 792 Comprehensive Measures/Whole Building Incentives. CSV (rows 1-500) CSV (rows 501-792) Incentive Incentive Type Place Applicable Sector Eligible Technologies Active AEP (Central and North) - CitySmart Program (Texas) Utility Rebate Program Texas Commercial Industrial Institutional Local Government Schools Boilers Central Air conditioners Chillers Comprehensive Measures/Whole Building Custom/Others pending approval Energy Mgmt. Systems/Building Controls Furnaces Heat pumps Lighting Lighting Controls/Sensors Motor VFDs Motors Roofs Windows Yes AEP (Central and North) - Residential Energy Efficiency Programs (Texas) Utility Rebate Program Texas Construction

175

The Hubble constant and dark energy from cosmological distance measures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study how the determination of the Hubble constant from cosmological distance measures is affected by models of dark energy and vice versa. For this purpose, constraints on the Hubble constant and dark energy are investigated using the cosmological observations of cosmic microwave background, baryon acoustic oscillations and type Ia suprenovae. When one investigates dark energy, the Hubble constant is often a nuisance parameter, thus it is usually marginalized over. On the other hand, when one focuses on the Hubble constant, simple dark energy models such as a cosmological constant and a constant equation of state are usually assumed. Since we do not know the nature of dark energy yet, it is interesting to investigate the Hubble constant assuming some types of dark energy and see to what extent the constraint on the Hubble constant is affected by the assumption concerning dark energy. We show that the constraint on the Hubble constant is not affected much by the assumption for dark energy. We furthermore show that this holds true even if we remove the assumption that the universe is flat. We also discuss how the prior on the Hubble constant affects the constraints on dark energy and/or the curvature of the universe.

Kazuhide Ichikawa; Tomo Takahashi

2007-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

176

High-Energy Laser Diagnostics (HELD) for the Measurement of Diesel...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Energy Laser Diagnostics (HELD) for the Measurement of Diesel Particulate Matter High-Energy Laser Diagnostics (HELD) for the Measurement of Diesel Particulate Matter 2004 Diesel...

177

Measuring plant level energy efficiency in China's energy sector in the presence of allocative inefficiency  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Most studies on measuring China's energy efficiency were conducted in the framework of the input-oriented Data Envelopment Analysis. This approach generally calculates the technical efficiency by shrinking all the input factors equally proportionally subject to the observed output still being producible. Thus, all the input factor efficiencies, including the energy efficiency, are measured as the technical efficiency. One drawback of this approach is the presumption of an identical input factor frontier for all input factors and of unrestricted factor substitutability. The present study employs a stochastic frontier analysis approach to measuring energy efficiency that not only allows for non-identical input factor frontiers, but also controls for the effects on the measure of energy efficiency of substitution away from energy or substitution of energy for non-energy factors. This approach is applied to evaluating the efficiency performances of three types of energy amongst a sample of coal mines, petroleum refineries and power plants in China's energy sector which is specifically targeted by the Chinese government to improve energy efficiency.

Baiding Hu

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Tests of a calorimetric technique for measuring the energy of cosmic ray muons in the TeV energy range  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Previous energy measurements of cosmic ray muons have used magnetic spectrometers to measure the momentum of muons. Measurements using magnets fail for muons in the TeV range because at ultra-high muon energies, ...

A. P. Chikkatur; L. Bugel; A. Alton

1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Transport Activity Measurement Toolkit (TAMT) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Page Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Transport Activity Measurement Toolkit (TAMT) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Transport Activity Measurement Toolkit (TAMT) Agency/Company /Organization: World Bank Sector: Energy Focus Area: Transportation Topics: GHG inventory, Low emission development planning Resource Type: Dataset, Maps, Software/modeling tools, Video, Training materials User Interface: Website, Desktop Application Website: code.google.com/p/tamt/ Cost: Free Transport Activity Measurement Toolkit (TAMT) Screenshot References: TAMT Presentation[1] TAMT Google Site Page[2] TAMT Demonstration Videos[3] "The World Bank Latin America and the Caribbean Region Sustainable Development Department Transport Cluster in conjunction with the World

180

A method for Fermi energy measurements A. Tsukernik,a)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

due to the built-in field, which converts the diffusive regime of transport into thermionic emission on the analysis of thermionic emission and diffusion over a barrier with a built-in charge. The method can cannot be employed for Fermi energy measurements. As a result, the temperature dependence of thermionic

Luryi, Serge

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mecs energy measures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Energy Cost Reduction Measures Identified for Texas State Agencies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

audit programs examined a total of 35.3 million square feet of state-owned space. Energy cost reduction measures with paybacks of four years or less were identified. The purpose of this paper is to present the projects identified in 1986. Most relate...

Grigg, T. J.; Verdict, M. E.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Measuring dark energy clustering with CMB-galaxy correlations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The integrated Sachs-Wolfe effect in the cosmic microwave background as measured through its correlation with galaxies provides a unique opportunity to study the dynamics of the dark energy through its large scale clustering properties. Ultimately, a deep all-sky galaxy survey out to z?2 can make a ?10? or ?10% measurement of the correlation and limit ?3% changes in the gravitational potential or total density fluctuation due to dark energy clustering on the Gpc scale. A canonical single scalar field or quintessence model predicts that these clustering effects will appear on the horizon scale with a strength that reflects the evolution of the dark energy density. In terms of a constant equation of state, this would allow tests of the quintessence prediction for models where |1+w|?0.05.

Wayne Hu and Ryan Scranton

2004-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

183

India-Measurement and Performance Tracking (MAPT) Initiative | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Measurement and Performance Tracking (MAPT) Initiative Measurement and Performance Tracking (MAPT) Initiative Jump to: navigation, search Logo: India-WRI Measurement and Performance Tracking (MAPT) Project Name India-WRI Measurement and Performance Tracking (MAPT) Project Agency/Company /Organization World Resources Institute (WRI) Sector Climate, Energy Topics Background analysis, Baseline projection, Low emission development planning, -NAMA Resource Type Case studies/examples, Guide/manual, Lessons learned/best practices, Training materials, Workshop Website http://www.wri.org/mapt Program Start 2011 Country India Southern Asia References Measurement and Performance Tracking (MAPT) Project[1] Contents 1 Overview 2 Resources 3 Partners 4 References Overview Developing countries are increasingly undertaking mitigation efforts in

184

Brazil-Measurement and Performance Tracking (MAPT) Initiative | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Brazil-Measurement and Performance Tracking (MAPT) Initiative Brazil-Measurement and Performance Tracking (MAPT) Initiative Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Brazil-WRI Measurement and Performance Tracking (MAPT) Project Name Brazil-WRI Measurement and Performance Tracking (MAPT) Project Agency/Company /Organization World Resources Institute (WRI) Sector Climate, Energy Topics Background analysis, Baseline projection, Low emission development planning, -NAMA Resource Type Case studies/examples, Guide/manual, Lessons learned/best practices, Training materials, Workshop Website http://www.wri.org/mapt Program Start 2011 Country Brazil South America References Measurement and Performance Tracking (MAPT) Project[1] Contents 1 Overview 2 Resources 3 Partners 4 References Overview Developing countries are increasingly undertaking mitigation efforts in

185

Solar Energy: Impacts & Management MeasuresSolar Energy: Impacts & Management Measures Vasilis Fthenakis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.pv.bnl.gov www.clca.columbia.edu #12;2 OutlineOutline Photovoltaics status & potential Life-cycle environmental impacts & comparisons with other power generation · Energy use · Emissions · Land use · Endangered species Environmental Impact Resource Availability #12;9 Affordability - Cost Reductions Prices and Production Costs

Ohta, Shigemi

186

Quantum damping of position due to energy measurements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Quantum theory for measurements of energy is introduced and its consequences for the average position of monitored dynamical systems are analyzed. It turns out that energy measurements lead to a localization of the expectation values of other observables. This is manifested, in the case of position, as a damping of the motion without classical analogue. Quantum damping of position for an atom bouncing on a reflecting surface in presence of a homogeneous gravitational field is dealt in detail and the connection with an experiment already performed in the classical regime is studied. We show that quantum damping is testable provided that the same measurement strength obtained in the experimental verification of the quantum Zeno effect in atomic spectroscopy [W. M. Itano et al., Phys. Rev. A {\\bf 41}, 2295 (1990)] is made available.

Roberto Onofrio; Lorenza Viola

1996-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

187

Minimum-Energy Filtering on the Unit Circle Using Velocity Measurements with Bias and Vectorial state Measurements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Minimum-Energy Filtering on the Unit Circle Using Velocity Measurements with Bias and Vectorial consider minimum-energy filtering of a system defined on the unit circle when the angular velocity measure approximate minimum- energy filter for this system using vectorial measurements. This work extends prior work

Trumpf, Jochen

188

Towards measuring variations of Casimir energy by a superconducting cavity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider a Casimir cavity, one plate of which is a thin superconducting film. We show that when the cavity is cooled below the critical temperature for the onset of superconductivity, the sharp variation (in the far infrared) of the reflection coefficient of the film engenders a variation in the value of the Casimir energy. Even though the relative variation in the Casimir energy is very small, its magnitude can be comparable to the condensation energy of the superconducting film, and this gives rise to a number of testable effects, including a significant increase in the value of the critical magnetic field, required to destroy the superconductivity of the film. The theoretical ground is therefore prepared for the first experiment ever aimed at measuring variations of the Casimir energy itself.

Giuseppe Bimonte; Enrico Calloni; Giampiero Esposito; Leopoldo Milano; Luigi Rosa

2005-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

189

Mass-resolved retarding field energy analyzer and its measurement of ion energy distribution in helicon plasma  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mass-resolved retarding field energy analyzer and its measurement of ion energy distribution analyzer and a quadrupole mass spectrometer (QMS), has been developed to simultaneously measure the energy) are measured at rf power of 1000 W. The results show that the fairly broad energy distributions of different

Zexian, Cao

190

The Great Building Energy Predictor Shootout II: Measuring Retrofit Energy Savings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the MCC savings. Energy Systems Laboratory Texas A&M University Texas Engineering Experiment Station College Station, TX 77843-3581 ASHRAE Predictor Shootout H, p 4 BUS Savings Comparisons . ? In the BUS building, the savings were calculated using... Energy Systems Laboratory Texas A & M University Texas Engineering Experiment Station College Station, TX 77843-3581 ASHRAE Predictor Shootout II, p 6 Table 1: The Completed Entries received for the Predictor Shootout II: Measuring Retrofit Energy Savings...

Thamilseran, S.; Haberl, J. S.

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Implementation and Rejection of Industrial Steam System Energy Efficiency Measures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy Use and Energy Efficiency Improvement Summer Study on Energy Efficiency in Industry. Summer Study on Energy Efficiency in Industry.

Therkelesen, Peter

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

2002 Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey - User Needs Survey  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2002 Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey: User-Needs Survey 2002 Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey: User-Needs Survey View current results. We need your help in designing the next “ Energy Consumption Survey” (MECS)! As our valued customer, you are in an important position to tell us what kinds of data are most useful in helping you understand energy consumption in the U.S. manufacturing sector. Below is a short electronic survey with just a few questions. We will stop collecting responses for user feedback on May 17, 2002. This deadline serves to meet our intended release date of April/May 2003 for fielding MECS2002. The MECS is designed to produce estimates of energy consumption and other energy-related activities in manufacturing. The survey also collects information on energy expenditures, average prices, onsite generation of

193

Distance measurements from supernovae and dark energy constraints  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Constraints on dark energy from current observational data are sensitive to how distances are measured from TypeIa supernova (SNIa) data. We find that flux averaging of SNeIa can be used to test the presence of unknown systematic uncertainties, and yield more robust distance measurements from SNeIa. We have applied this approach to the nearby+SDSS+ESSENCE+SNLS+HST set of 288 SNeIa, and the Constitution set of 397 SNeIa. Combining the SNIa data with cosmic microwave background anisotropy data from Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe 5yr observations, the Sloan Digital Sky Survey baryon acoustic oscillation measurements, the data of 69 gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) , and the Hubble constant measurement from the Hubble Space Telescope project SHOES, we measure the dark energy density function X(z)??X(z)/?X(0) as a free function of redshift (assumed to be a constant at z>1 or z>1.5). Without the flux averaging of SNeIa, the combined data using the Constitution set of SNeIa seem to indicate a deviation from a cosmological constant at ?95% confidence level at 0?z?0.8; they are consistent with a cosmological constant at ?68% confidence level when SNeIa are flux averaged. The combined data using the nearby+SDSS+ESSENCE+SNLS+HST data set of SNeIa are consistent with a cosmological constant at 68% confidence level with or without flux averaging of SNeIa, and give dark energy constraints that are significantly more stringent than that using the Constitution set of SNeIa. Assuming a flat Universe, dark energy is detected at >98% confidence level for z?0.75 using the combined data with 288 SNeIa from nearby+SDSS+ESSENCE+SNLS+HST, independent of the assumptions about X(z?1). We quantify dark energy constraints without assuming a flat Universe using the dark energy figure of merit for both X(z) and a dark energy equation-of-state linear in the cosmic scale factor.

Yun Wang

2009-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

194

Measuring dark energy with the shear triplet statistics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The shear triplet statistics is a geometric method to measure cosmological parameters with observations in the weak gravitational lensing regime towards massive haloes. Here, this proposal is considered to probe the dark energy equation of state and its time derivative in view of future wide-field galaxy surveys. A survey with a median redshift of nearly 0.7 and a total area of nearly 10000 square degrees would be pretty effective in determining the dark matter cosmological density and in putting useful constraints on the dark energy properties.

Mauro Sereno

2007-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

195

On measurements of the energy and polarization distributions of high-energy gamma-beams  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A possibility to measure the energy and polarization distributions of high intensity gamma-beams is considered. This possibility is based on measurements of the number of electron-pozitron pairs in such media as laser waves and single crystals. The method may be useful for future gamma-gamma and e-gamma colliders.

V. A. Maisheev

2002-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

196

Developing an Evaluation Measurement and Verification Plan for Your Energy Efficiency Project/Program  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Developing an Evaluation Measurement and Verification Plan for Your Energy Efficiency Project/Program

197

MEASUREMENT AND CONTROL OF THE BEAM ENERGY FOR THE SPIRAL2 ACCELERATOR  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MEASUREMENT AND CONTROL OF THE BEAM ENERGY FOR THE SPIRAL2 ACCELERATOR W. Le Coz# , C, the system has to measure but also to control the beam energy. The control consists in ensuring that the beam energy is under a limit by taking account of the measurement uncertainty. The energy is measured

Boyer, Edmond

198

State and Local Energy Savings Performance Contracting: Savings Measurement and Verification (M&V)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

State and Local Energy Savings Performance Contracting: Savings Measurement and Verification (M&V) Webinar.

199

Energy Savings Performance Contracting-Savings Measurement and Verification Transcript 2-24-2011.doc  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Energy Savings Performance Contracting-Savings Measurement and Verification Transcript 2-24-2011.doc

200

ENERGY MEASUREMENTS GROUP ECT FOLLOW-UP REPORT  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

, EGsG , EGsG ENERGY MEASUREMENTS GROUP ECT FOLLOW-UP REPORT DECEMBER 1979 EGG-R-003 AN AERIAL RADIOLOGICAL SURVEY OF THE SHPACK PROPERTY Norton, Massachusetts DATE OF SURVEY: AUGUST 1979 C. M . BLUITT Project Scientist APPROVED FOR PUBLICATION ?4@ t!lz- T. P. Stuart, Manager Remote Sensing Sciences Department THE REMOTE SENSING. lA!ORATORY OF THE UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ____--- I(-__ ABSTRACT An aerial radiological survey to measure terrestrial gamma radiation was carried out over the Shpack property in Norton, Massachusetts. In past years this property was used as a dump site for certain types of radioactive waste materials. Gamma ray data were collected over a 2.2 km* area centered on the site by flying northwest-southeast lines spaced 60 m apart. Processed data indicated that detected radioisotopes and their associated gamma ray

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mecs energy measures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

ENERGY MEASUREMENTS GROUP EG&G Survey Report  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

kL2' kL2' . ",- - &j EGG0 ENERGY MEASUREMENTS GROUP EG&G Survey Report NRC-81 09 April 1981 . AN AERIAL RADIOLOGIC SURVEY OF THE STEPAN CHEMCIAL COMPANY AND SURROUNDING AREA MAYWOOD, N E W JERSEY DATE OF SURVEY: 26 JANUARY 1981 J.R. Mueller Project Director S.A. Gunn Project Scientist APPROVED FOR DISTRIBUTION W . John Tipton, Head Radiation Sciences Section This Document is UNCLASSIFIED G. P. Stobie Classification Officer This work was performed by EG&G for the United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission through an EAO transfer of funds to Contract No. DE-AC08-76NV01183 with the United States Department of Energy. 3 ABSTRACT An aerial radiologic survey to measure terrestrial gamma radiation was performed in Maywood, New Jersey over the Stepan Chemical Company and thesurrounding area. This survey was conducted by EG&G for the

202

PAMELA's Measurements of Magnetospheric Effects on High Energy Solar Particles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The nature of particle acceleration at the Sun, whether through flare reconnection processes or through shocks driven by coronal mass ejections (CMEs), is still under scrutiny despite decades of research. The measured properties of solar energetic particles (SEPs) have long been modeled in different particle-acceleration scenarios. The challenge has been to disentangle to the effects of transport from those of acceleration. The Payload for Antimatter Matter Exploration and Light-nuclei Astrophysics (PAMELA) instrument, enables unique observations of SEPs including composition and the angular distribution of the particles about the magnetic field, i.e. pitch angle distribution, over a broad energy range (>80 MeV) -- bridging a critical gap between space-based measurements and ground-based. We present high-energy SEP data from PAMELA acquired during the 2012 May 17 SEP event. These data exhibit differential anisotropies and thus transport features over the instrument rigidity range. SEP protons exhibit two dist...

Adriani, O; Bazilevskaya, G A; Bellotti, R; Boezio, M; Bogomolov, E A; Bongi, M; Bonvicini, V; Bottai, S; Bravar, U; Bruno, A; Cafagna, F; Campana, D; Carbone, R; Carlson, P; Casolino, M; Castellini, G; Christian, E C; De Donato, C; de Nolfo, G A; De Santis, C; De Simone, N; Di Felice, V; Formato, V; Galper, A M; Karelin, A V; Koldashov, S V; Koldobskiy, S; Krutkov, S Y; Kvashnin, A N; Lee, M; Leonov, A; Malakhov, V; Marcelli, L; Martucci, M; Mayorov, A G; Menn, W; Merg, M; Mikhailov, V V; Mocchiutti, E; Monaco, A; Mori, N; Munini, R; Osteria, G; Palma, F; Panico, B; Papini, P; Pearce, M; Picozza, P; Ricci, M; Ricciarini, S B; Ryan, J M; Sarkar, R; Scotti, V; Simon, M; Sparvoli, R; Spillantini, P; Stochaj, S; Stozhkov, Y I; Thakur, N; Vacchi, A; Vannuccini, E; Vasilyev, G I; Voronov, S A; Yurkin, Y T; Zampa, G; Zampa, N

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Using Circuit-Level Power Measurements in Household Energy Management Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Using Circuit-Level Power Measurements in Household Energy Management Systems Alan Marchiori and Qi to accurately measure en- ergy usage in the home. Measuring energy usage is not dif- ficult, however we must decide what to measure. Whole- home energy measurement is cheap and easy to setup be- cause only one

Han, Qi "Chee"

204

ENERGY MEASUREMENTS GROUP EG&G SURVEY REPORT  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

&- &- ENERGY MEASUREMENTS GROUP EG&G SURVEY REPORT NRC-81 13 , NOVEMBER 1981 llti * Knb THE REMOTE SENSING lA6ORA~ORV OF THE UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY AN AERIAL RADIOLOGICAL SURVEY OF THE W. R. GRACE PROPERTY WAYNE TOWNSHIP, NEW JERSEY DATE OF SURVEY: MAY 1981 DISCLAIMER This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by the United States Government. Neither the United States nor the United States Department of Energy, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or

205

Can a galaxy redshift survey measure dark energy clustering?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(abridged) A wide-field galaxy redshift survey allows one to probe galaxy clustering at largest spatial scales, which carries an invaluable information on horizon-scale physics complementarily to the cosmic microwave background (CMB). Assuming the planned survey consisting of z~1 and z~3 surveys with areas of 2000 and 300 square degrees, respectively, we study the prospects for probing dark energy clustering from the measured galaxy power spectrum, assuming the dynamical properties of dark energy are specified in terms of the equation of state and the effective sound speed c_e in the context of an adiabatic cold dark matter dominated model. The dark energy clustering adds a power to the galaxy power spectrum amplitude at spatial scales greater than the sound horizon, and the enhancement is sensitive to redshift evolution of the net dark energy density, i.e. the equation of state. We find that the galaxy survey, when combined with Planck, can distinguish dark energy clustering from a smooth dark energy model such as the quintessence model (c_e=1), when c_esurvey of z~1 galaxies allows the detection when c_edark energy clustering and the non-relativistic neutrinos implied from the neutrino oscillation experiments, because the two effects both induce a scale-dependent modification in the galaxy power spectrum shape at largest spatial scales accessible from the galaxy survey. It is shown that a wider redshift coverage can efficiently separate the two effects by utilizing the different redshift dependences, where dark energy clustering is apparent only at low redshifts z<1.

Masahiro Takada

2006-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

206

Manufacturing Consumption of Energy 1991--Combined Consumption and Fuel  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

< < Welcome to the U.S. Energy Information Administration's Manufacturing Web Site. If you are having trouble, call 202-586-8800 for help. Return to Energy Information Administration Home Page. Home > Energy Users > Manufacturing > Consumption and Fuel Switching Manufacturing Consumption of Energy 1991 (Combined Consumption and Fuel Switching) Overview Full Report Tables & Spreadsheets This report presents national-level estimates about energy use and consumption in the manufacturing sector as well as manufacturers' fuel-switching capability. Contact: Stephanie.battle@eia.doe.gov Stephanie Battle Director, Energy Consumption Division Phone: (202) 586-7237 Fax: (202) 586-0018 URL: http://www.eia.gov/emeu/mecs/mecs91/consumption/mecs1a.html File Last Modified: May 25, 1996

207

Manufacturing consumption of energy 1991  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report provides estimates on energy consumption in the manufacturing sector of the US economy. These estimates are based on data from the 1991 Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey (MECS). This survey--administered by the Energy End Use and Integrated Statistics Division, Office of Energy Markets and End Use, Energy Information Administration (EIA)--is the most comprehensive source of national-level data on energy-related information for the manufacturing industries.

Not Available

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Definition: Real-Time Load Measurement And Management | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Management Management Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Real-Time Load Measurement And Management This function provides real-time measurement of customer consumption and management of load through Advanced Metering Infrastructure (AMI) systems (smart meters, two-way communications) and embedded appliance controllers that help customers make informed energy use decisions via real-time price signals, time-of-use (TOU) rates, and service options.[1] Related Terms advanced metering infrastructure, time-of-use pricing, smart grid References ↑ SmartGrid.gov 'Description of Functions' An in LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. line Glossary Definition Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Real-Time_Load_Measurement_And_Management&oldid=493115

209

Linac4 Low Energy Beam Measurements with Negative Hydrogen  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Linac4, a 160 MeV normal-conducting H- linear accelerator, is the first step in the upgrade of the beam intensity available from the LHC proton injectors at CERN. The Linac4 Low Energy Beam Transport (LEBT) line from the pulsed 2 MHz RF driven ion source, to the 352 MHz RFQ has been built and installed at a test stand, and has been used to transport and match to the RFQ a pulsed 14 mA H- beam at 45 keV. A temporary slit-and-grid emittance measurement system has been put in place to characterize the beam delivered to the RFQ. In this paper a description of the LEBT and its beam diagnostics is given, and the results of beam emittance measurements and beam transmission measurements through the RFQ are compared with the expectation from simulations.

Scrivens, R; Crettiez, O; Dimov, V; Gerard, D; Granemann Souza, E; Guida, R; Hansen, J; Lallement, J B; Lettry, J; Lombardi, A; Midttun, O; Pasquino, C; Raich, U; Riffaud, B; Roncarolo, F; Valerio-Lizarraga, C A; Wallner, J; Yarmohammadi Satri, M; Zickler, T

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

You Can't Manage Energy Use That You Don't Measure | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

You Can't Manage Energy Use That You Don't Measure You Can't Manage Energy Use That You Don't Measure You Can't Manage Energy Use That You Don't Measure December 7, 2009 - 7:30am Addthis John Lippert "You can't manage what you don't measure" is a common management adage. It applies well to energy as well. I think I do a decent job at restricting my energy usage at home. After all, I'm supposed to be an energy expert. But who would have thought that my plugged-in combination fax machine/photocopier/printer was consuming seven watts of power day in and day out WHEN IT WAS TURNED OFF! This multi-functional machine comes in handy when I need to fax something or make a photocopy, but to be honest, I don't use it all that much. Normally it just sits there, turned off-GOBBLING SEVEN WATTS of power 24/7!?! Here I am trying to save a few watts here and a few watts there,

211

You Can't Manage Energy Use That You Don't Measure | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

You Can't Manage Energy Use That You Don't Measure You Can't Manage Energy Use That You Don't Measure You Can't Manage Energy Use That You Don't Measure December 7, 2009 - 7:30am Addthis John Lippert "You can't manage what you don't measure" is a common management adage. It applies well to energy as well. I think I do a decent job at restricting my energy usage at home. After all, I'm supposed to be an energy expert. But who would have thought that my plugged-in combination fax machine/photocopier/printer was consuming seven watts of power day in and day out WHEN IT WAS TURNED OFF! This multi-functional machine comes in handy when I need to fax something or make a photocopy, but to be honest, I don't use it all that much. Normally it just sits there, turned off-GOBBLING SEVEN WATTS of power 24/7!?! Here I am trying to save a few watts here and a few watts there,

212

An Approach for Reducing Energy Consumption in Factories by Providing Suitable Energy Efficiency Measures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Energy efficiency has developed into an important objective for industrial enterprises. However, there is still a need for systematic approaches to reduce energy consumption in factories. Existing methods focus on the optimization of manufacturing processes and lack upon considering the entire factory system. Additionally, they are based on a detailed quantitative analysis of processes and thus, they need a high effort during the phase of data acquisition. Therefore, an approach for reducing energy consumption by providing energy efficiency measures to factory planning participants was developed in order to overcome these barriers. The general approach is described in this paper and supported with a use case that demonstrates the required information and possible outcomes in terms of energy efficiency information. Main advantages of this approach are reducing the effort to acquire energy data and the possibility to consider the factory system holistically.

Manuela Krones; Egon Mller

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

FEMP Expands ESPC ENABLE Program to Include More Energy Conservation Measures  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The U.S. Department of Energy's Federal Energy Management Program announced the expansion of the Energy Savings Performance Contract ENABLE program to include two new energy conservation measures.

214

Policies and Measures to Realise Industrial Energy Efficiency...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sector: Energy Focus Area: Conventional Energy, Energy Efficiency, Industry Topics: GHG inventory, Low emission development planning, Policiesdeployment programs Resource...

215

Implementation and Rejection of Industrial Steam System Energy Efficiency Measures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Consumption, Energy Costs, and Carbon Dioxide assessments record energy and cost savings reported of facility baseline energy cost (implementation

Therkelesen, Peter

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

PHYSICAL REVIEW C 81, 014607 (2010) Fission fragment mass and energy distributions as a function of incident neutron energy measured  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of incident neutron energy measured in a lead slowing-down spectrometer C. Romano,1 Y. Danon,1,* R. Block,1 J; published 19 January 2010) A new method of measuring fission fragment mass and energy distributions to measure the neutron-induced fission cross section and fragment mass and energy distributions of 25.3 ± 0

Danon, Yaron

217

Thermal Imaging Technique for Measuring Mixing of Fluids - Energy...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Solar Thermal Solar Thermal Energy Analysis Energy Analysis Building Energy Efficiency Building Energy Efficiency Find More Like This Return to Search Thermal Imaging Technique for...

218

Energy flux measurement from the dissipated energy in capillary wave turbulence Luc Deike, Michael Berhanu, and Eric Falcon  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy flux measurement from the dissipated energy in capillary wave turbulence Luc Deike, Michael the dissipation is increased. The energy dissipated by capillary waves is also measured and found to increase with the frequency and the newly defined mean energy flux are in good agreement with wave turbulence theory

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

219

Measuring Energy, Estimating Hamiltonians, and the Time-Energy Uncertainty Relation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Suppose that the Hamiltonian acting on a quantum system is unknown and one wants to determine what is the Hamiltonian. We show that in general this requires a time $\\Delta t$ which obeys the uncertainty relation $\\Delta t \\Delta H \\gtrsim 1$ where $\\Delta H$ is a measure of how accurately the unknown Hamiltonian must be estimated. We then apply this result to the problem of measuring the energy of an unknown quantum state. It has been previously shown that if the Hamiltonian is known, then the energy can in principle be measured in an arbitrarily short time. On the other hand we show that if the Hamiltonian is not known then an energy measurement necessarily takes a minimum time $\\Delta t$ which obeys the uncertainty relation $\\Delta t \\Delta E \\gtrsim 1$ where $\\Delta E$ is the precision of the energy measurement. Several examples are studied to address the question of whether it is possible to saturate these uncertainty relations. Their interpretation is discussed in detail.

Y. Aharonov; S. Massar; S. Popescu

2001-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

220

CIMAT, VIII Escuela de verano, 30 de julio -10 de ago* Introducci'on a la Geometr'ia de la Mec'ani*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

conservativo. 18.Sea A(E) el 'area dentro de una curva de fase cerrada que corresponde a nive* *l de energ'ia Introducci'on a la Geometr'ia de la Mec'ani* *ca Cl'asica Problemas 13 - 19

Bor, Gil

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mecs energy measures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

CIMAT, VIII Escuela de verano, 30 de julio -12 de ago* Introducci'on a la Geometr'ia de la Mec'ani*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

con un valor fijo de la energ* *'ia corresponden a secciones del cono del inciso (a) por * *energ'ia tienen el mismo semi-eje mayor. 11.Demuestra la tercera ley de Kepler: toda soluci'on peri Introducci'on a la Geometr'ia de la Mec'ani* *ca Cl'asica Problemas 7 - 12

Bor, Gil

222

Measurements of the Threshold Displacement Energy in Ta and Nb  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Changes in the damage rate (residual electrical resistivity per unit electron fluence) were measured as a function of incident electron energy in the range 1.0-2.2 MeV for 0.002-in.-diam Nb and Ta wires. The threshold energies, estimated by simple extrapolation to zero production rates, were 36 eV for Nb and 32 eV for Ta. The resistivity of a Frenkel pair was determined to be about 5.3 ?? cm/at.% for Nb and 1.9 ?? cm/at.% for Ta. The damage production curves for two other bcc metals, Mo and W, are compared with those for Nb and Ta.

G. Youngblood; S. Myhra; J. W. DeFord

1969-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

223

Method for measuring energy generation and efficiency of dielectric elastomer generators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Method for measuring energy generation and efficiency of dielectric elastomer generators Rainer. The measured mechanical to electrical energy conversion efficiency is 7:5%. The experiment may be used into electrical energy at high energy density, showing promise for large and small scale energy harvesting. We

Suo, Zhigang

224

Cytoplasmic localization of Hug1p, a negative regulator of the MEC1 pathway, coincides with the compartmentalization of Rnr2pRnr4p  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Highlights: Hug1p overexpression sensitizes wild-type cells to DNA damage and hydroxyurea (HU). Expression of Hug1p in response to HU treatment is delayed relative to Rnr3p. MEC1 pathway genes are required for cytoplasmic localization of Hug1p. Hug1p subcellular compartmentalization to the cytoplasm coincides with Rnr2pRnr4p. -- Abstract: The evolutionarily conserved MEC1 checkpoint pathway mediates cell cycle arrest and induction of genes including the RNR (Ribonucleotide reductase) genes and HUG1 (Hydroxyurea, ultraviolet, and gamma radiation) in response to DNA damage and replication arrest. Rnr complex activity is in part controlled by cytoplasmic localization of the Rnr2pRnr4p subunits and inactivation of negative regulators Sml1p and Dif1p upon DNA damage and hydroxyurea (HU) treatment. We previously showed that a deletion of HUG1 rescues lethality of mec1? and suppresses dun1? strains. In this study, multiple approaches demonstrate the regulatory response of Hug1p to DNA damage and HU treatment and support its role as a negative effector of the MEC1 pathway. Consistent with our hypothesis, wild-type cells are sensitive to DNA damage and HU when HUG1 is overexpressed. A Hug1 polyclonal antiserum reveals that HUG1 encodes a protein in budding yeast and its MEC1-dependent expression is delayed compared to the rapid induction of Rnr3p in response to HU treatment. Cell biology and subcellular fractionation experiments show localization of Hug1p-GFP to the cytoplasm upon HU treatment. The cytoplasmic localization of Hug1p-GFP is dependent on MEC1 pathway genes and coincides with the cytoplasmic localization of Rnr2pRnr4p. Taken together, the genetic interactions, gene expression, and localization studies support a novel role for Hug1p as a negative regulator of the MEC1 checkpoint response through its compartmentalization with Rnr2pRnr4p.

Ainsworth, William B. [Cain Department of Chemical Engineering, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA 70803 (United States)] [Cain Department of Chemical Engineering, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA 70803 (United States); Hughes, Bridget Todd; Au, Wei Chun; Sakelaris, Sally [Genetics Branch, Center for Cancer Research, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892 (United States)] [Genetics Branch, Center for Cancer Research, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892 (United States); Kerscher, Oliver [Biology Department, The College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, VA 23185 (United States)] [Biology Department, The College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, VA 23185 (United States); Benton, Michael G., E-mail: benton@lsu.edu [Cain Department of Chemical Engineering, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA 70803 (United States); Basrai, Munira A., E-mail: basraim@mail.nih.gov [Genetics Branch, Center for Cancer Research, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892 (United States)

2013-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

225

Can a galaxy redshift survey measure dark energy clustering?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A wide-field galaxy redshift survey allows one to probe galaxy clustering at largest spatial scales, which carries invaluable information on horizon-scale physics complementarily to the cosmic microwave background (CMB). Assuming the planned survey consisting of z?1 and z?3 surveys with areas of 2000 and 300??deg2, respectively, we study the prospects for probing dark energy clustering from the measured galaxy power spectrum, assuming the dynamical properties of dark energy are specified in terms of the equation of state and the effective sound speed ce in the context of an adiabatic cold dark dominated matter model. The dark energy clustering adds a power to the galaxy power spectrum amplitude at spatial scales greater than the sound horizon, and the enhancement is sensitive to redshift evolution of the net dark energy density, i.e. the equation of state. We find that the galaxy survey, when combined with CMB expected from the Planck satellite mission, can distinguish dark energy clustering from a smooth dark energy model such as the quintessence model (ce=1), when ce?0.04 (0.02) in the case of the constant equation of state w0=-0.9 (-0.95). An ultimate full-sky survey of z?1 galaxies allows the detection when ce?0.08 (0.04) for w0=0.9 (-0.95). These forecasts show a compatible power with an all-sky CMB and galaxy cross correlation that probes the integrated Sachs-Wolfe effect. We also investigate a degeneracy between the dark energy clustering and the nonrelativistic neutrinos implied from the neutrino oscillation experiments, because the two effects both induce a scale-dependent modification in the galaxy power spectrum shape at largest spatial scales accessible from the galaxy survey. It is shown that a wider redshift coverage can efficiently separate the two effects by utilizing the different redshift dependences, where dark energy clustering is apparent only at low redshifts z?1.

Masahiro Takada

2006-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

226

Guidance on the Elements Necessary to Qualify as an Energy Conservation Measure Under an ESPC  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Document provides guidance on the statuatory definition of "energy conservation measure" (ECM) for the purpose of a Federal energy savings performance contract (ESPC).

227

84Unit Conversions Energy, Power, Flux Energy is measured in a number of ways depending on what property is being  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

property is being represented. Total Energy - Joules and ergs - The total amount of energy in various forms is left on for 1 hour: Convert its energy consumption of 5 watt-hours to Joules. 1 Joule 3,600 sec 5 Watt84Unit Conversions ­ Energy, Power, Flux Energy is measured in a number of ways depending on what

228

Water-saving Measures: Energy and Cost Savings Calculator | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Water-saving Measures: Energy and Cost Savings Calculator Water-saving Measures: Energy and Cost Savings Calculator Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Water-saving Measures: Energy and Cost Savings Calculator Agency/Company /Organization: California Public Utilities Commission (CPUC) Sector: Water Focus Area: Energy Efficiency, Water Conservation Resource Type: Software/modeling tools User Interface: Spreadsheet Website: www.doe2.com/download/Water-Energy/ Country: United States Locality: California Cost: Free Northern America Coordinates: 37.09024°, -95.712891° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":37.09024,"lon":-95.712891,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

229

A Framework for Comparative Assessments of Energy Efficiency Policy Measures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Service Energy Efficiency Baseline and Market Potentialtype of equipment energy efficiency market intervention. Theany type of energy efficiency market intervention. For the

Blum, Helcio

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Measurement of neutron capture on 50Ti at thermonuclear energies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

At the Karlsruhe and Tuebingen 3.75 MV Van de Graaff accelerators the thermonuclear 50Ti(n,gamma)51Ti(5.8 min) cross section was measured by the fast cyclic activation technique via the 320.852 and 928.65 keV gamma-ray lines of the 51Ti-decay. Metallic Ti samples of natural isotopic composition and samples of TiO2 enriched in 50Ti by 67.53 % were irradiated between two gold foils which served as capture standards. The capture cross-section was measured at the neutron energies 25, 30, 52, and 145 keV, respectively. The direct capture cross section was determined to be 0.387 +/- 0.011 mbarn at 30 keV. We found evidence for a bound state s-wave resonance with an estimated radiative width of 0.34 eV which destructively interfers with direct capture. The strength of a suggested s-wave resonance at 146.8 keV was determined. The present data served to calculate, in addition to the directly measured Maxwellian averaged capture cross sections at 25 and 52 keV, an improved stellar 50Ti(n,gamma)51Ti rate in the thermonuclear energy region from 1 to 250 keV. The new stellar rate leads at low temperatures to much higher values than the previously recommended rate, e.g., at kT=8 keV the increase amounts to about 50 %. The new reaction rate therefore reduces the abundance of 50Ti due to s-processing in AGB stars.

P. V. Sedyshev; P. Mohr; H. Beer; H. Oberhummer; Yu. P. Popov; W. Rochow

1999-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

231

High-Energy, Pulsed-Laser Diagnostics for Real-Time Measurements...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Energy, Pulsed-Laser Diagnostics for Real-Time Measurements of Reciprocating Engine PM Emissions High-Energy, Pulsed-Laser Diagnostics for Real-Time Measurements of Reciprocating...

232

Measurement of Surface Energy Fluxes from Two Rangeland Sites and Comparison with a Multilayer Canopy Model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Rangelands are often characterized by a patchy mosaic of vegetation types, making measurement and modeling of surface energy fluxes particularly challenging. The purpose of this study was to evaluate surface energy fluxes measured using three eddy ...

Gerald N. Flerchinger; Michele L. Reba; Danny Marks

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Measuring Energy-Saving Retrofits: Experiences from the LoanSTAR Program  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on the process of acquiring and analyzing data to measure savings from energy conservation retrofits when budgets are a constraint....

Claridge, D. E.; Heffington, W. M.; O'Neal, D. L.; Turner, W. D.; Haberl, J. S.; Reddy, T. A.

2005-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

234

Forecasting neutrino masses from galaxy clustering in the Dark Energy Survey combined with the Planck measurements  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......from galaxy clustering in the Dark Energy Survey combined with the Planck measurements...photometric redshift shells of the Dark Energy Survey (DES) over a volume of 20...in the photometric redshift survey Dark Energy Survey (DES), combined with......

Ofer Lahav; Angeliki Kiakotou; Filipe B. Abdalla; Chris Blake

2010-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

235

The Uniform Methods Project: Methods for Determining Energy Efficiency Savings for Specific Measures  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

In April 2013 the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) published the first set of protocols for determining energy savings from energy efficiency measures and programs. Funded by the Office...

236

M&V Guidelines: Measurement and Verification for Federal Energy Projects  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Document describes the Federal Energy Management Program's (FEMP) standard procedures and guidelines for measurement and verification (M&V) for federal energy managers, procurement officials, and energy service providers.

237

A Proposal of the Method for Energy Measurements of Muons over 10 TeV  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Proposal of the Method for Energy Measurements of Muons...4) Rossi B. High Energy Particles (1952) New York: Prentice-Hall...4) B. Rossi, High Energy Particles (Prentice- Hall, New York, 1952), p. 86......

Tomonori Wada; Takashi Kitamura

1969-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

DEMAND SIDE ENERGY MANAGEMENT AND CONSERVATION PROGRAM Measurement and Verification Program  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DEMAND SIDE ENERGY MANAGEMENT AND CONSERVATION PROGRAM Measurement and Verification Program 4. Operating hours per room usage category ii. Pre-retrofit energy measurements for sampled fixtures iii. Post-retrofit energy measurements for sampled fixtures iv. Summary savings report b. For each of the items above, the M

Hofmann, Hans A.

239

PUBLISHED ONLINE: 29 JULY 2012 | DOI: 10.1038/NPHYS2375 Experimental free-energy measurements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-molecule technologies have made it possible to use irreversible work measurements to extract free-energy differences on native (or equilibrium) molecular states, but free-energy measurements of kinetic states have remained that misfolded proteins play in numerous severe diseases1 . The measurement of the free energy of formation

Loss, Daniel

240

Measurements of the Fracture Energy of Lithiated Silicon Electrodes of Li-Ion Batteries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Measurements of the Fracture Energy of Lithiated Silicon Electrodes of Li-Ion Batteries Matt Pharr, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138, United States ABSTRACT: We have measured the fracture energy of lithiated, the fracture energy at a second state of charge (at small concentrations of lithium) is measured by determining

Suo, Zhigang

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mecs energy measures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Radiated seismic energy from coda measurements and no scaling in apparent stress with seismic moment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Radiated seismic energy from coda measurements and no scaling in apparent stress with seismic energy are consistent with independent measurements, where available. We find no dependence in individual seismic energy from coda measurements and no scaling in apparent stress with seismic moment, J. Geophys

Prieto, Germán A.

242

Energy Provisions of the California Green Building Standards Code Page 2 CHAPTER 4, RESIDENTIAL MANDATORY MEASURES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MANDATORY MEASURES CHAPTER 4 RESIDENTIAL MANDATORY MEASURES DIVISION 4.2 ­ ENERGY EFFFICIENCY SECTION 4 RESIDENTIAL VOLUNTARY MEASURES DIVISION A4.2 ­ ENERGY EFFFICIENCY SECTION A4.201 GENERAL A4.201.1 ScopeEnergy Provisions of the California Green Building Standards Code Page 2 CHAPTER 4, RESIDENTIAL

243

Polar anchoring energy measurement of vertically aligned liquid-crystal cells  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Polar anchoring energy measurement of vertically aligned liquid-crystal cells Xiangyi Nie July 2005 An electric-field method is developed for measuring the polar anchoring energy of vertically-electric-field technique3 is most commonly employed for measuring the polar anchor- ing energy. However, some inconsistent

Wu, Shin-Tson

244

Comparing calculated and measured grain boundary energies in nickel Gregory S. Rohrer a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Comparing calculated and measured grain boundary energies in nickel Gregory S. Rohrer a , Elizabeth measured and computed grain boundary energies. While the overall correlation between experimental Laboratories (SNL) [23] have utilized new, high-throughput methods to measure energy for large ensembles

Rohrer, Gregory S.

245

Calculations of crystal-melt interfacial free energies by nonequilibrium work measurements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Calculations of crystal-melt interfacial free energies by nonequilibrium work measurements Yan Mu perturbation method to compute the interfacial free energies by nonequilibrium work measurements with cleaving, it is difficult to measure the crystal-melt interfacial free energy accurately and efficiently.1,2 Experimentally

Song, Xueyu

246

Review of beam energy measurements at VEPP4M collider KEDR/VEPP4M $  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Review of beam energy measurements at VEPP­4M collider KEDR/VEPP­4M $ V.E. Blinov, A.V. Bogomyagkov measurement Energy calibration Depolarization technique Compton scattering a b s t r a c t An accurate approaches are used for the beam energy measurements. The resonant spin depolarization technique (RD

247

Surface excess properties from energy transport measurements during water evaporation Fei Duan and C. A. Ward*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Surface excess properties from energy transport measurements during water evaporation Fei Duan condi- tions, accounts for as little as 50% of the energy required to evaporate water at the measured moles per unit surface area , surface in- ternal energy uLV excess energy per excess mole , and spe

Ward, Charles A.

248

Energy conservation measures in an institutional building by dynamic simulation using designbuilder  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this study, various energy conservation measures (ECMs) on heating, ventilating and air conditioning (HVAC) and lighting systems for a 4-storied building in subtropical (hot and humid climate) Central Queensland, Australia are evaluated using the ... Keywords: designbuilder, energy conservation measures, energy efficient lighting and day light control, energy simulation, hot-humid climate, variable air volume system

M. M. Rahman; M. G. Rasul; M. M. K. Khan

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Have You Used an Electric Meter to Measure Your Energy Use? | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Have You Used an Electric Meter to Measure Your Energy Use? Have You Used an Electric Meter to Measure Your Energy Use? Have You Used an Electric Meter to Measure Your Energy Use? December 10, 2009 - 7:30am Addthis This week, you read about using an electric meter to measure and manage your energy use. Using a meter could make you more conscious of exactly what items are costing you the most money. Plus, it can be kind of fun to put actual numbers to the various items in your home. Have you used an electric meter to measure your energy use? Tell us about your experience. Each Thursday, you have the chance to share your thoughts on a question about energy efficiency or renewable energy for consumers. E-mail your responses to the Energy Saver team at consumer.webmaster@nrel.gov. Addthis Related Articles You Can't Manage Energy Use That You Don't Measure

250

PHYSICAL REVIEW E 89, 023003 (2014) Energy flux measurement from the dissipated energy in capillary wave turbulence  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

energy flux are in good agreement with wave turbulence theory. The Kolmogorov-Zakharov constant waves interact with each other, they can develop a regime of wave turbulence where the wave energyPHYSICAL REVIEW E 89, 023003 (2014) Energy flux measurement from the dissipated energy in capillary

Falcon, Eric

251

Energy Department Issues Green Building Certification System Final Rule to Support Increased Energy Measurement and Efficient Building Design  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

Supporting the Obama Administrations goal to reduce carbon emissions and protect the environment, the Energy Department is pursuing a suite of initiatives to strengthen federal energy management through increased focus on measurement of energy use in federal buildings and energy efficient building design.

252

Using Wireless Power Meters to Measure Energy Use of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by the Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Office of Technology Development, Building Energy Use of Miscellaneous and Electronic Devices in Buildings Richard Brown1 , Steven Lanzisera1 , Hoi-third of the primary energy used in U.S. buildings, and their energy use is increasing faster than other end

Culler, David E.

253

Draft Guidance for the Implementation and Follow-up of Identified Energy and Water Efficiency Measures  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

for the Implementation for the Implementation and Follow-up of Identified Energy and Water Efficiency Measures in Covered Facilities (per 42 U.S.C. 8253(f), Use of Energy and Water Efficiency Measures in Federal Buildings) September 2012 U.S. Department of ENERGY United States Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 i Guidance for the Implementation and Follow-up of Identified Energy and Water Efficiency Measures in Covered Facilities (per 42 U.S.C. 8253(f), Use of Energy and Water Efficiency Measures in Federal Buildings) September 2012 I. PURPOSE ............................................................................................................................................ 1 II. BACKGROUND ................................................................................................................................. 1

254

Draft Guidance for the Implementation and Follow-up of Identified Energy and Water Efficiency Measures  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

for the Implementation for the Implementation and Follow-up of Identified Energy and Water Efficiency Measures in Covered Facilities (per 42 U.S.C. 8253(f), Use of Energy and Water Efficiency Measures in Federal Buildings) September 2012 U.S. Department of ENERGY United States Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 i Guidance for the Implementation and Follow-up of Identified Energy and Water Efficiency Measures in Covered Facilities (per 42 U.S.C. 8253(f), Use of Energy and Water Efficiency Measures in Federal Buildings) September 2012 I. PURPOSE ............................................................................................................................................ 1 II. BACKGROUND ................................................................................................................................. 1

255

Energy flux measurement from the dissipated energy in capillary wave turbulence  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study experimentally the influence of dissipation on stationary capillary wave turbulence on the surface of a fluid by changing its viscosity. We observe that the frequency power law scaling of the capillary spectrum departs significantly from its theoretical value when the dissipation is increased. The energy dissipated by capillary waves is also measured and found to increase nonlinearly with the mean power injected within the fluid. Here, we propose an experimental estimation of the energy flux at every scale of the capillary cascade. The latter is found to be non constant through the scales. For fluids of low enough viscosity, we found that both capillary spectrum scalings with the frequency and the newly defined mean energy flux are in good agreement with wave turbulence theory. The Kolmogorov-Zakharov constant is then experimentally estimated and compared to its theoretical value.

Luc Deike; Michal Berhanu; Eric Falcon

2013-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

256

Measurements of radiation fields around high-energy proton accelerators  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......charged hadrons, muons, photons and electrons, with energy spectra extending...charged hadrons, muons, photons and electrons with energy spectra extending...charged hadrons, muons, photons and electrons, with energy spectra extending......

Stefano Agosteo; Marco Silari

2005-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

257

A Framework for Comparative Assessments of Energy Efficiency Policy Measures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electric Energy Efficiency Potential Study - Final Report.Energy Efficiency Potential Study for the State of Kansas: Final Report.Energy Efficiency Potential Study (Volume 1). CALMAC Study PGE0211.01. Report

Blum, Helcio

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

A Framework for Comparative Assessments of Energy Efficiency Policy Measures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2: Example of an energy costs trade-off chart (relative0.95 Gov 0.98 Figure 3: Energy costs trade-off chart (valuespublic sector energy-efficiency programs. A trade-off chart

Blum, Helcio

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Imprints of dynamical dark energy on weak-lensing measurements  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Large Synoptic Survey Telescope...g. Joint Dark Energy Mission (JDEM...galaxy redshift surveys and the abundance...spectrum of dark energy P (k), as...to dynamical dark energy is potentially...weak-lensing surveys. The error......

Sirichai Chongchitnan; Lindsay King

2010-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

260

Data Center Energy Efficiency Measurement Assesment Kit Guide...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Improve Data Center Efficiency Energy Efficiency Opportunities in Federal High Performance Computing Data Centers Case Study: Opportunities to Improve Energy Efficiency in Three...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mecs energy measures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

I J S U  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

of the total requirement for energy sources, whether or not they are used for their energy content. The MECS also presents estimates of total input energy. That measure...

262

Microbial Electrolysis Cells (MECs) for High Yield Hydrogen (H2) Production from Biodegradable Materials  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Presentation by Jason Ren, University of Colorado Boulder, at the Biological Hydrogen Production Workshop held September 24-25, 2013, at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory in Golden, Colorado.

263

Measurement of Electron Backscattering in the Energy Range of Neutron $?$-Decay  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report on the first detailed measurements of electron backscattering from low Z targets at energies up to 124 keV. Both energy and angular distributions of the backscattered electrons are measured and compared with electron transport simulations based on the Geant4 and Penelope Monte Carlo simulation codes. Comparisons are also made with previous, less extensive, measurements and with measurements at lower energies.

J. W. Martin; J. Yuan; S. A. Hoedl; B. W. Filippone; D. Fong; T. M. Ito; E. Lin; B. Tipton; A. R. Young

2003-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Measurement of the total energy of an isolated system by an internal observer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider the situation in which an observer internal to an isolated system wants to measure the total energy of the isolated system (this includes his own energy, that of the measuring device and clocks used, etc...). We show that he can do this in an arbitrarily short time, as measured by his own clock. This measurement is not subjected to a time-energy uncertainty relation. The properties of such measurements are discussed in detail with particular emphasis on the relation between the duration of the measurement as measured by internal clocks versus external clocks.

S. Massar; S. Popescu

2004-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

265

CIMAT, VI Escuela de verano, 25 de julio 7 de agosto 1999 Introducci'on a la Geometr'ia de la Mec'anica Cl'asica  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

parametrizada por (x(t); ?? x(t)): (d) Dibujar las gr'aficas de su energ'ia cin'etica T = ( ?? x) 2 =2 y potencial­ vaci'on de energ'ia, E = T + V = constante: (e) Repetir los 4 incisos anteriores con x(1) = 2; ?? x(0CIMAT, VI Escuela de verano, 25 de julio ­ 7 de agosto 1999 Introducci'on a la Geometr'ia de la Mec

Bor, Gil

266

Real Time Tailpipe Emission Measurements | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Real Time Tailpipe Emission Measurements Real Time Tailpipe Emission Measurements 2002 DEER Conference Presentation: Brookhaven National Laboratory 2002deerimre.pdf More...

267

Calculations of free energies in liquid and solid phases: Fundamental measure density-functional approach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Calculations of free energies in liquid and solid phases: Fundamental measure density energies of liquid and solid phases using a fundamental measure density-functional theory. Namely, we can, a theoretical description of the free energies and correlation functions of hard-sphere (HS) liquid and solid

Song, Xueyu

268

The Uniform Methods Project: Methods For Determining Energy Efficiency Savings For Specific Measures  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

This document provides a set of model protocols for determining energy and demand savings that result from specific energy efficiency measures implemented through state and utility efficiency programs. The methods described here are approaches that are?or are among?the most commonly used in the energy efficiency industry for certain measures or programs.

269

DEMAND SIDE ENERGY MANAGEMENT AND CONSERVATION PROGRAM Measurement and Verification Program  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DEMAND SIDE ENERGY MANAGEMENT AND CONSERVATION PROGRAM Measurement and Verification Program 4) - Measure toilet and urinal flush volumes a. Units: gallon per flush (gpf) b. Measured by flushing fixture) - Measure faucet and showerhead flow rates a. Units: gallons per minute (gpm) b. Measured using a micro weir

Hofmann, Hans A.

270

Adoption of energy-efficiency measures in SMEsAn empirical analysis based on energy audit data from Germany  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper empirically investigates factors driving the adoption of energy-efficiency measures by small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). Our analyses are based on cross-sectional data from \\{SMEs\\} which participated in a German energy audit program between 2008 and 2010. In general, our findings appear robust to alternative model specifications and are consistent with the theoretical and still scarce empirical literature on barriers to energy-efficiency in SMEs. More specifically, high investment costs, which are captured by subjective and objective proxies, appear to impede the adoption of energy-efficiency measures, even if these measures are deemed profitable. Similarly, we find that lack of capital slows the adoption of energy-efficiency measures, primarily for larger investments. Hence, investment subsidies or soft loans (for larger investments) may help accelerating the diffusion of energy-efficiency measures in SMEs. Other barriers were not found to be statistically significant. Finally, our findings provide evidence that the quality of energy audits affects the adoption of energy-efficiency measures. Hence, effective regulation should involve quality standards for energy audits, templates for audit reports or mandatory monitoring of energy audits.

Tobias Fleiter; Joachim Schleich; Ployplearn Ravivanpong

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Combining HVAC energy conservation measures to achieve energy savings over standard requirements  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper presents the energy savings over the minimum American Society of Heating Refrigeration and Air-Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE) Standard 90.1-2010 requirements due to the combination of two or three HVAC energy conservation measures using EnergyPlus simulation software. Prototype commercial building models, which satisfy the requirements of ASHRAE Standard 90.1-2010 were used as base-cases. Five prototype commercial buildings, eight HVAC systems, and eight climate zones were considered. Four cases were studied for the combination: energy recovery ventilation (ERV) and demand control ventilation (DCV); ERV and Multiple-zone variable air volume (VAV) System Ventilation Optimization (VentOpt); ERV, DCV and VentOpt; and Single Zone VAV controls, and kitchen transfer air. Of the four cases studied, the integration of ERV and DCV, which was applied to primary school and standalone retail prototype buildings, provided a maximum savings of 1.93% and 8.10% respectively compared to the base-cases.

Teshome Edae Jiru

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

A Framework to Explore Energy Saving Measures During Construction Phase  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

There has been a significant increase in interest and research in energy efficient buildings in recent years. In the ... construction. To make the construction phase less energy intensive, the contractor has to p...

Abdol R. Chini; Sandeep Shrivastava

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

A Framework for Comparative Assessments of Energy Efficiency Policy Measures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy Efficiency Baseline and Market Potential Study. ICF International, Fairfax, VA, USA.USA. McGrory, L V W et al (2002): Market Leadership by Example: Government Sector Energy

Blum, Helcio

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Rule to Support Increased Energy Measurement and Efficient Building Design  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

In 2014, EEREs Federal Energy Management Program issued a final rule that requires verified energy and water performance for new and retrofitted federal buildings that are certified by private...

275

Forster resonance energy transfer in liposomes: Measurements of transmembrane helix dimerization in the native  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fo¨rster resonance energy transfer in liposomes: Measurements of transmembrane helix dimerization membranes. ? 2005 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. Free energy measurements of transmembrane (TM)1 helix system, however, measuring the thermodynamics of membrane protein association is a challenge. Here we

Wimley, William C.

276

1 Measurements of the Fracture Energy of Lithiated Silicon Electrodes 2 of Li-Ion Batteries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Measurements of the Fracture Energy of Lithiated Silicon Electrodes 2 of Li-Ion Batteries 3 Matt University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138, United States 5 ABSTRACT: We have measured the fracture energy parallel. The stress in the electrodes is measured during 10 electrochemical cycling by the substrate

277

A Measurement-Based Model of Energy Consumption for PLC Modems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Measurement-Based Model of Energy Consumption for PLC Modems Wafae Bakkali(,�), Mohamed Tlich is usually defined as a measure of the aggregate traffic transmitted by this device by time unit. Depending obtained for elec- trical energy consumption measurements on commercial PLC modems. Our contributions

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

278

How energy-efficient is your cloud app? Energy measurements in virtualized environments with PowerAPI  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

How energy-efficient is your cloud app? Energy measurements in virtualized environments with PowerAPI Context Energy-efficiency major concern in data centers Existing approaches work for physical servers specific Determine the formula by polynomial regression with the help of a power meter Host VM /dev/virtio-ports/port

Boyer, Edmond

279

Cost effectiveness of the 1993 Model Energy Code in Colorado  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report documents an analysis of the cost effectiveness of the Council of American Building Officials` 1993 Model Energy Code (MEC) building thermal-envelope requirements for single-family homes in Colorado. The goal of this analysis was to compare the cost effectiveness of the 1993 MEC to current construction practice in Colorado based on an objective methodology that determined the total life-cycle cost associated with complying with the 1993 MEC. This analysis was performed for the range of Colorado climates. The costs and benefits of complying with the 1993 NIEC were estimated from the consumer`s perspective. The time when the homeowner realizes net cash savings (net positive cash flow) for homes built in accordance with the 1993 MEC was estimated to vary from 0.9 year in Steamboat Springs to 2.4 years in Denver. Compliance with the 1993 MEC was estimated to increase first costs by $1190 to $2274, resulting in an incremental down payment increase of $119 to $227 (at 10% down). The net present value of all costs and benefits to the home buyer, accounting for the mortgage and taxes, varied from a savings of $1772 in Springfield to a savings of $6614 in Steamboat Springs. The ratio of benefits to costs ranged from 2.3 in Denver to 3.8 in Steamboat Springs.

Lucas, R.G.

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

A Proposal of the Method for Energy Measurements of Muons over 10 TeV  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......energy determination method of high energy muons, which is based upon an observation...TeV. The uncertainty of the muon energy to be measured can be reduced if...the Editor paratus when a high energy muon in TeV region traverses through......

Tomonori Wada; Takashi Kitamura

1969-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mecs energy measures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Metrics for Measuring Progress under the Hawai`i Clean Energy Initiative  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Metrics for Measuring Progress under the Hawai`i Clean Energy Initiative: Hawai`i Clean Energy`i's progress towards its clean energy goals. Included are refinements of metric definitions; collection ENERGY INSTITUTE School of Ocean & Earth Science & Technology ­ University of Hawai`i at Manoa #12

282

Energy density is an important mea-sure of fish nutritional condition and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

indices, energy density integrates and reflects the history of fish feed- ing environments before the time218 Energy density is an important mea- sure of fish nutritional condition and is used to assess growth, construct energy budgets, and measure energy flow in ecosystems (Brett et al., 1969; Jobling

283

How Does Your Data Center Measure Up? Energy Efficiency Metrics and Benchmarks for Data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by the New York State Energy Research and Development Authority (NYSERDA) and the Assistant Secretary Energy Commission, Pacific Gas and Electric Co., the U.S. Department of Energy and the New York StateHow Does Your Data Center Measure Up? Energy Efficiency Metrics and Benchmarks for Data Center

284

COMBINED THERMAL MEASUREMENT AND SIMULATION FOR THE DETAILED ANALYSIS OF FOUR OCCUPIED LOW-ENERGY BUILDINGS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-ENERGY BUILDINGS U.D.J. Gieseler, F.D. Heidt1 , W. Bier Division of Building Physics and Solar Energy, University energy and temperature measurements of occupied buildings very well. These buildings repre- sent small to medium size residential low-energy buildings of different construction type, which are typical for mid

Gieseler, Udo D. J.

285

Energy Saving Measures of Heating Network - Computerized Real-time Control System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ICEBO2006, Shenzhen, ChinaHVAC Technologies for Energy Efficiency, Vol. IV-12-9 Energy Saving Measures of Heating Network ?Computerized Real-time Control System Jieyan Zhang Service Bureau, Deputy-director, State...

Zhang, J.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Analysis of Energy Efficiency Measures in Rehabilitation of Multifamily Housing Units  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An apartment building in Austin, Texas, and one in Boston, Massachusetts, were analyzed to determine the cost-effectiveness of energy efficiency measures. To determine expected energy and cost savings resulting from a set of proposed retrofit...

Hunn, B. D.; Silver, S. C.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Examination of the Surface Energy Budget: A Comparison of Eddy Correlation and Bowen Ratio Measurement Systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A reliable method for monitoring the surface energy budget is critical to the development and validation of numerical models and remote sensing algorithms. Unfortunately, closure of the energy budget remains difficult to achieve among measurement ...

Jerald A. Brotzge; Kenneth C. Crawford

2003-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

E-Print Network 3.0 - alpha energy measurements Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

2) in front of two different detectors for alpha spectroscopy. At first, an energy measurement... L-97 On the evidence of high-energy alpha emitters (E 10.6 MeV) in monazite D....

289

Caracterizacin del gen mecA de Staphylococcus aureus resistentes a meticilina aislados de tres grupos poblacionales de la ciudad de Medelln  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

ResumenIntroduccin Staphylococcus aureus resistente a la meticilina (SARM) es responsable de infecciones intrahospitalarias, las que constituyen una importante causa de morbilidad y mortalidad en nuestro medio, por lo cual la rpida identificacin y tipificacin molecular de la resistencia como el complejo \\{SSCmec\\} es esencial para entender la epidemiologa de la infeccin. Objetivo Caracterizar fenotpicamente la resistencia a meticilina y genotpicamente el casete cromosomal \\{SSCmec\\} en cepas de S. aureus aislados de individuos de la ciudad de Medelln mediante PCR mltiple. Materiales y mtodos A 41 aislamientos (hospitalarios y de la comunidad) de S. aureus se les estableci la resistencia a cefoxitin mediante la tcnica de Kirby-Bauer y la concentracin inhibitoria mnima para oxacilina. Mediante PCR convencional se les confirm la presencia del gen mecA. Para la tipificacin del complejo \\{SSCmec\\} se utiliz PCR mltiple para amplificar 6 loci diferentes de este gen. Resultados A todos los aislamientos se les confirm resistencia a meticilina y la presencia del gen mecA, de los cuales 17 fueron clasificados como SSC mec I, 1 como SSC mec II, 21 como SSC mecIV; dos aislamientos no fue posible clasificarlos. Conclusiones Con el uso de esta tcnica clasificamos el 95% de los aislamientos del estudio, encontrando una mayor prevalencia de los \\{SSCmec\\} I y IV. La implementacin de esta tcnica permite una fcil caracterizacin de los aislamientos SARM y un apropiado manejo de la informacin de los integrantes de los comits de infecciones hospitalarios, lo cual podra impactar positivamente en el tratamiento a los pacientes y el control de enfermedades infecciosas intrahospitalarias. AbstractIntroduction Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is involved in nosocomial infections, representing an important cause of morbidity and mortality. The rapid identification and molecular classification of resistance, such as the \\{SSCmec\\} complex, is essential to understanding the epidemiology of infection. Objective To phenotypically characterize methicillin resistance and to genotype the \\{SSCmec\\} complex in S. aureus isolates collected from a cohort of patients from Medelln, Colombia. Materials and Methods Cefoxtin resistance was evaluated in 41 S. aureus isolates, using the Kirby-Bauer method and determining the minimal bactericidal concentration of oxacillin. To confirm the presence of the mecA gene, conventional PCR was performed. The classification of the \\{SSCmec\\} complex was carried out by multiple PCR, amplifying 6 different loci in this gene. Results Methicillin resistance and the presence of the mecA gene were confirmed in all isolates. A total of 17 were classified as \\{SSCmec\\} I, one as \\{SSCmec\\} II, and 21 \\{SSCmec\\} IV (only two isolates were not classified). Conclusions Using this method, it was possible to classify 95% of the studied isolates, with a higher prevalence of \\{SSCmec\\} I and IV. The implementation of this technique allows the characterization of MRSA isolates and an appropriate management of the information by the members of the Hospital Infection Committee. Altogether, this method may have a positive impact on the treatment of patients with MRSA infections.

Marcela Sanchez; Orville Hernndez; Luz Astrid Velasquez; Dora Rivas; Alejandra Marn; Leonel Andrs Gonzlez; Clara Duque

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

CHP Supported with Energy Efficiency Measures -- A Winning and Environmentally Sound Solution in Finland  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CHP Supported with Energy Efficiency Measures - a Winning and Environmentally Sound Solution in Finland Erkki Hannunkari, IVO Technology Centre In the European Union Energy Progranunes, one of the most significant measures in reducing carbon... dioxides and other emissions is to build additional CHP teclmology. TIris will be implemented with measures to raise the energy efficiency. CHP technology is exceptionally widely used in Finland. At industrial sites, it accounts for more than in any...

Hannunkari, E.

291

Pumping System Measurements To Estimate Energy Savings: Why and How  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Measuring performance parameters (flow rate, pressures, and power) for existing systems is essential to understanding how both the pump(s) and system are actually performing. Examples of reasons why actual measurements are critical and practical...

Casada, D.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

SEE Action Webinar Energy Efficiency Measure Cost Studies  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

In this webinar, leading experts will explain the importance of measure cost studies, review the current state of the science of measure cost development and estimation, and explore opportunities...

293

Measured energy performance of a US-China demonstration energy-efficient office building  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Renewable Energy, Office of Building Technology,and Renewable Energy, Office of Building Technology,and renewable energy improvements to the building. One of

Xu, Peng; Huang, Joe; Jin, Ruidong; Yang, Guoxiong

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Comparative Methodologies for Measuring Metabolizable Energy of Various Types of Resistant High Amylose Corn Starch  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Comparative Methodologies for Measuring Metabolizable Energy of Various Types of Resistant High Amylose Corn Starch ... BACKGROUND: Knowledge of energetic availability of dietary fibres is important for human nutrition. ...

Richard T. Tulley; Marko J. Appel; Tanya G. Enos; Maren Hegsted; Kathleen L. McCutcheon; Jun Zhou; Anne M. Raggio; Roger Jeffcoat; Anne Birkett; Roy J. Martin; Michael J. Keenan

2009-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

295

Systematic Errors in Measuring the Energy of Wet Steam with Dry-Steam Meters  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Systematic errors are considered in measuring mass flow rate, specific enthalpy, thermal power, and energy for wet steam by means of meters intended for dry saturated steam.

E. G. Abarinov; K. S. Sarelo

2002-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

The Impact on Consumer Behavior of Energy Demand Side Management Programs Measurement Techniques and Methods.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Much effort has gone into measuring the impact of Demand Side Management (DSM) programs on energy usage, particularly in regards to electric usage. However, there (more)

Pursley, Jeffrey L

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

What measurable zero point fluctuations can(not) tell us about dark energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show that laboratory experiments cannot measure the absolute value of dark energy. All known experiments rely on electromagnetic interactions. They are thus insensitive to particles and fields that interact only weakly with ordinary matter. In addition, Josephson junction experiments only measure differences in vacuum energy similar to Casimir force measurements. Gravity, however, couples to the absolute value. Finally we note that Casimir force measurements have tested zero point fluctuations up to energies of ~10 eV, well above the dark energy scale of ~0.01 eV. Hence, the proposed cut-off in the fluctuation spectrum is ruled out experimentally.

Michael Doran; Joerg Jaeckel

2006-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

298

On Measuring the Terms of the Turbulent Kinetic Energy Budget from an AUV  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The terms of the steady-state, homogeneous turbulent kinetic energy budgets are obtained from measurements of turbulence and fine structure from the small autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV) Remote Environmental Measuring Units (REMUS). The ...

Louis Goodman; Edward R. Levine; Rolf G. Lueck

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Focus measure based on the energy of high-frequency components in the S transform  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Focus measure plays a fundamental role in the shape from focus technique. In this Letter, we suggest a focus measure in the S-transform domain that is based on the energy of...

Mahmood, MuhammadTariq; Choi, Tae-Sun

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

A Framework for Comparative Assessments of Energy Efficiency Policy Measures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1998): Methodology for Tax Rebate Analysis. In AnalysisEnergy Efficient Appliance Rebate Program (SEEARP). Fundingl> US DOE (2011a): Rebates, Tax Credits & Financing. In

Blum, Helcio

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mecs energy measures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

A Framework for Comparative Assessments of Energy Efficiency Policy Measures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

RARP_-_Final_Report.pdf> AHAM (2011): Energy Saving Tipsfor Consumers. In AHAM Consumer Information, AssociationHome Appliance Manufacturers (AHAM), Washington, DC, USA. <

Blum, Helcio

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Measuring dark energy spatial inhomogeneity with supernova data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The gravitational lensing distortion of distant sources by the large-scale distribution of matter in the Universe has been extensively studied. In contrast, very little is known about the effects due to the large-scale distribution of dark energy. We discuss the use of Type Ia supernovae as probes of the spatial inhomogeneity and anisotropy of dark energy. We show that a shallow, almost all-sky survey can limit rms dark energy fluctuations at the horizon scale down to a fractional energy density of ~10^-4

Asantha Cooray; Daniel E. Holz; Robert Caldwell

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Securing Wide Area Measurement Systems | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) as a project funded by the National SCADA Test Bed Program in cooperation with the Department of Energy's Transmission Reliability...

304

Measuring dark energy spatial inhomogeneity with supernova data  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The gravitational lensing distortion of distant sources by the matter in the Universe has been extensively studied. In contrast, very little is known about the effects due to the large-scale distribution of dark energy. We discuss the use of Type Ia supernovae as probes of the spatial inhomogeneity and anisotropy of dark energy. We show that a shallow, almost all-sky survey can limit rms dark energy fluctuations at the horizon scale down to ? 10{sup ?3} of the energy density.

Cooray, Asantha [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California, Irvine, CA 92697 (United States); Holz, Daniel E. [Theoretical Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM 87545 (United States); Caldwell, Robert, E-mail: acooray@uci.edu, E-mail: abc@lanl.gov, E-mail: robert.r.caldwell@dartmouth.edu [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Dartmouth College, 6127 Wilder Laboratory, Hanover, NH 03755 (United States)

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Measure Guideline: Energy-Efficient Window Performance and Selection  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document provides guidelines for the selection of energy-efficient windows in new and existing residential construction in all US climate zones. It includes information on window products, their attributes and performance. It provides cost/benefit information on window energy savings as well as information on non-energy benefits such as thermal comfort and reduced HVAC demands. The document also provides information on energy impacts of design decisions such as window orientation, total glazing area and shading devices and conditions. Information on resources for proper window installation is included as well. This document is for builders, homeowners, designers and anyone making decisions about selecting energy efficient window. It is intended to complement other Building America information and efforts.

Carmody, J.; Haglund, K.

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Analysis of the Energy Savings Potential in K-5 Schools in Hot and Humid Climates: Application of High Performance Measures and Renewable Energy Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ANALYSIS OF THE ENERGY SAVINGS POTENTIAL IN K-5 SCHOOLS IN HOT AND HUMID CLIMATES: APPLICATION OF HIGH PERFORMANCE MEASURES AND RENEWABLE ENERGY SYSTEMS1 Piljae Im1, and Jeff S. Haberl2 1Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN 2Texas... the energy savings measures recommended as in the ASHRAE Advanced Energy Design Guides for K-12 Schools. As an effort to investigate more energy savings potential for the school building, several other energy savings measures and renewable energy...

Im, P.; Haberl, J.

307

Wind Measurement Equipment: Registration (Nebraska) | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Wind Measurement Equipment: Registration (Nebraska) Wind Measurement Equipment: Registration (Nebraska) Wind Measurement Equipment: Registration (Nebraska) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Fed. Government Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Residential Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Schools State/Provincial Govt Systems Integrator Transportation Tribal Government Utility Savings Category Wind Buying & Making Electricity Program Info State Nebraska Program Type Siting and Permitting Provider Department of Aeronautics All wind measurement equipment associated with the development or study of wind-powered electric generation, whether owned or leased, shall be

308

ESPC ENABLE: Energy Conservation Measures (ECMs) Summary | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Contract (ESPC) ENABLE program. espcenableoverview.pdf More Documents & Publications ESPC ENABLE Briefing Using ENABLE in a UESC ESPC ENABLE Measurement and Verification Protocol...

309

Preliminary Analysis of Energy Consumption for Cool Roofing Measures  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The spread of cool roofing has been more than prolific over the last decade. Driven by public demand and by government initiatives cool roofing has been a recognized low cost method to reduce energy demand by reflecting sunlight away from structures and back in to the atmosphere. While much of the country can benefit from the use of cool coatings it remains to be seen whether the energy savings described are appropriate in cooler climates. By use of commonly available calculators one can analyze the potential energy savings based on environmental conditions and construction practices.

Mellot, Joe [The Garland Company] [The Garland Company; Sanyal, Jibonananda [ORNL] [ORNL; New, Joshua Ryan [ORNL] [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Measuring Energy Efficiency Improvements in Industrial Battery Chargers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

&E is sponsoring this test work as a direct result of the energy saving opportunity that is available in the installed base of forklift battery chargers in our service territory. It is estimated that 32,000 three phase chargers and 12,500 single phase chargers...) website in summer 2009: ESL-IE-09-05-32 Proceedings of the Thirty-First Industrial Energy Technology Conference, New Orleans, LA, May 12-15, 2009 www.etcc-ca.com There are a number of elements that make up battery charger energy efficiency...

Matley, R.

311

Measuring and Understanding Energy Efficiency Changes in Manufacturing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and the barriers to such improvement, using information from a series of industrial roundtable discussions conducted by Energy Information Administration (EIA). In addition, anticipated future data related to efficiency, technology penetration, and implementation...

French, D. K.; Carlson, L. T.

312

Fusion Cross-Section Measurements with Deuterons of Low Energy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

5 December 1961 research-article Fusion Cross-Section Measurements with Deuterons...theory and to calculations of the rate of thermonuclear reactions. Until now reliable values...cross-sections. The method of measuring the fusion cross-sections made use of an intense...

1961-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Paleomagnetic Measurements At Coso Geothermal Area (2006) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Paleomagnetic Measurements At Coso Geothermal Area (2006) Paleomagnetic Measurements At Coso Geothermal Area (2006) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Paleomagnetic Measurements At Coso Geothermal Area (2006) Exploration Activity Details Location Coso Geothermal Area Exploration Technique Paleomagnetic Measurements Activity Date 2006 Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Exploration Basis Analyze fault block kinematics at a releasing stepover of the Eastern California shear zone to determine the partitioning of rotation style Notes Rotations paleomagnetically relative to two different reference frames were measured. At two localities, the secular variation were averaged through sedimentary sections to reveal rotation or its absence relative to paleogeographic north. Where sediments are lacking, a really-extensive lava

314

Definition: Phasor Measurement Unit (PMU) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Measurement Unit (PMU) Measurement Unit (PMU) Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Phasor Measurement Unit (PMU) Calculates voltage and current phasors based on digital sampling of alternating current (AC) waveforms and a precise time signal provided by a GPS clock. A PMU provides output data in a standard protocol at rates of at least 30 samples per second for communication to remote locations. Since voltage and current measurements are time-stamped, synchrophasor data collected across the country can be time synchronized conditions at distant locations can be accurately compared. Digital Fault Recorders, digital relays, and other devices that have PMU capability can also be considered PMUs.[1] Related Terms sustainability, smart grid References ↑ https://www.smartgrid.gov/category/technology/phasor_measurement_unit_pmu

315

Federal Energy Management Program: Measure and Evaluate Institutional  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Measure and Evaluate Institutional Change for Sustainability Measure and Evaluate Institutional Change for Sustainability Graphic showing 5 gears. They progress from Determine Goal to Identify Context-Rules, Roles and Tools to Develop Action Plan to Implement Plan to Measure and Evaluate. Institutional Change Continuous Improvement Cycle The measure and evaluation step is crucial to ensure that institutional change efforts produce successful results in meeting sustainability goals. To measure success, an evaluation is needed. An effective evaluation: Provides a framework and information to support strategic planning efforts Confirms that actions being taken are proving effective or are in need of adjustment Identifies opportunities for new or increased improvement Helps justify actions to others for validation, increased support, and future resources.

316

A measurement of the energy loss spectrum of 150 GeV muons in iron  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The energy loss spectrum of 150 GeV muons has been measured with a prototype of ... dP/dv per radiation length of a fractional energy loss v = ?E?/E? has been measured in the range v...= 0.01 0.95; it is compar...

1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Thermodynamic Modeling of HVAC Plant Cooling Equipment for Quantification of Energy Savings Through Continuous Commissioning Measures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.................................................................................... 94 4.3 Fan Control ............................................................................................................ 95 5. WINAM IMPLEMENTATION ................................................................................... 97 6...-side CC? measures will provide an additional tool for understanding the impact of such measures and ultimately provide CC? licensees with accurate energy savings estimates. 5 2. LITERATURE REVIEW 2.1 Energy Simulation Programs The DOE-2...

Rivera, Steven

2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

318

Photoluminescence-based measurements of the energy gap and diffusion length of Zn3P2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

or liquid contacts,5 with p-Zn3P2/Mg Schottky diodes having exhibited 6% solar energy-conversion efficiencyPhotoluminescence-based measurements of the energy gap and diffusion length of Zn3P2 Gregory M ellipsometric measurements. Bulk minority carrier lifetimes of 20 ns were observed by time

Kimball, Gregory

319

DOE Guidance on the Elements Necessary to Qualify as an Energy Conservation Measure under an Energy Savings Performance Contract  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Guidance on the Elements Necessary to Qualify as an Energy Guidance on the Elements Necessary to Qualify as an Energy Conservation Measure under an Energy Savings Performance Contract August 2013 This document provides guidance on the statutory definition of "energy conservation measure" (ECM) for the purpose of an energy savings performance contract (ESPC), including clarification that multiple ECMs under the same ESPC may be "bundled" when evaluating lifecycle cost-effectiveness. Additionally, this document clarifies that an ESPC may include, or be limited to, a single ECM applied across multiple Federal buildings and facilities. Background and Introduction The term "energy savings performance contract," as defined by statute, means: [A] contract for the performance of services for the design, acquisition, installation, testing,

320

DOE Guidance on the Elements Necessary to Qualify as an Energy Conservation Measure under an Energy Savings Performance Contract  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Guidance on the Elements Necessary to Qualify as an Energy Guidance on the Elements Necessary to Qualify as an Energy Conservation Measure under an Energy Savings Performance Contract August 2013 This document provides guidance on the statutory definition of "energy conservation measure" (ECM) for the purpose of an energy savings performance contract (ESPC), including clarification that multiple ECMs under the same ESPC may be "bundled" when evaluating lifecycle cost-effectiveness. Additionally, this document clarifies that an ESPC may include, or be limited to, a single ECM applied across multiple Federal buildings and facilities. Background and Introduction The term "energy savings performance contract," as defined by statute, means: [A] contract for the performance of services for the design, acquisition, installation, testing,

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mecs energy measures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

A New Energy Efficiency Measure for Quasi-Static MIMO Elena Veronica Belmega  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A New Energy Efficiency Measure for Quasi-Static MIMO Channels Elena Veronica Belmega LSS (joint is accounted for. We first review the existing results w.r.t energy efficiency functions (benefit per cost to the MIMO case. Then, we introduce a new energy efficiency metric based on the outage probability. We

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

322

Effects of optical interference and energy transfer on exciton diffusion length measurements in organic semiconductors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

believe that device efficiencies must ex- ceed 10% to enter the market as a viable source of energy.6Effects of optical interference and energy transfer on exciton diffusion length measurements of optical interference and of energy transfer to the quencher. When there is modest contrast

McGehee, Michael

323

Measuring the Client Performance and Energy Consumption in Mobile Cloud Gaming  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Measuring the Client Performance and Energy Consumption in Mobile Cloud Gaming Chun-Ying Huang1, Po-constrained devices may lead to inferior performance and high energy consumption. For example, the gaming frame rate and energy consumption of mobile clients is critical to the success of the new mobile cloud gaming ecosystem

Chen, Sheng-Wei

324

Future dark energy constraints from measurements of quasar parallax: Gaia, SIM and beyond  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......configuration) a Key Project using 2.4 per cent...principle measure the dark energy parameters w 0 and wa...expected to constrain dark energy parameters in Section...QUASAR PARALLAX IN DARK ENERGY MODELS The Solar system is moving with......

Fiona Ding; Rupert A. C. Croft

2009-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

325

The impact of camera optical alignments on weak lensing measures for the Dark Energy Survey  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......weak lensing measures for the Dark Energy Survey Michelle L. Antonik 1 David...with specific reference to the Dark Energy Survey (DES). We compute optics...Suprime-Cam (HSC) survey 1 and the Dark Energy Survey: DES 2 ), telescopes under......

Michelle L. Antonik; David J. Bacon; Sarah Bridle; Peter Doel; David Brooks; Sue Worswick; Gary Bernstein; Rebecca Bernstein; Darren DePoy; Brenna Flaugher; Joshua A. Frieman; Michael Gladders; Gaston Gutierrez; Bhuvnesh Jain; Michael Jarvis; Stephen M. Kent; Ofer Lahav; S.-J. Parker; Aaron Roodman; Alistair R. Walker

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

On Measuring the Terms of the Turbulent Kinetic Energy Budget from an AUV LOUIS GOODMAN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of production of turbulent kinetic energy (TKE). Heat flux is obtained by correlating the vertical velocityOn Measuring the Terms of the Turbulent Kinetic Energy Budget from an AUV LOUIS GOODMAN School of the steady-state, homogeneous turbulent kinetic energy budgets are obtained from mea- surements of turbulence

Goodman, Louis

327

Energy Storage & Delivery The goal of this project is to deliver measurement methods specific to  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy Storage & Delivery Materials The goal of this project is to deliver measurement methods specific to polymeric and organic materials needed in next generation energy storage and delivery and Customers · Fuel cells and batteries are central to an array of alternative energy technologies, ranging

328

American Wind Energy Association, Denver, May 2005 Uncertainties in Results of Measure-Correlate-Predict Analyses  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

American Wind Energy Association, Denver, May 2005 Uncertainties in Results of Measure Wind Energy Association, Denver, May 2005 Statistical models are then investigated that estimate-Correlate-Predict Analyses Anthony L. Rogers, Ph. D.* John W. Rogers, M.S.** James F. Manwell, Ph. D.* *Renewable Energy

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

329

Final Map Draft Comparison Report WIND ENERGY RESOURCE MODELING AND MEASUREMENT PROJECT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

II Final Map Draft Comparison Report #12;WIND ENERGY RESOURCE MODELING AND MEASUREMENT PROJECT Tel: 978-749-9591 Fax: 978-749-9713 mbrower@awstruewind.com August 10, 2004 #12;2 WIND ENERGY RESOURCE issues. 1 Background In Task 2 of the project, five promising areas of the state for wind energy

330

Measurements of the distribution of adenylate concentrations and adenylate energy charge across Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilms.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...increase in adenylate energy charge of about 0.2...the biofilm. However, energy charge values were generally...indicator of the energetic status of living cells is the...sensitivity would allow us to measure adenylates...intermediate carriers of chemical energy linking catabo- lism...

S L Kinniment; J W Wimpenny

1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Measurement of the Energy Content in Acousto-Ultrasonic Signals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Important features of the techniques currently employed for the measurement of acousto-ultrasonic (AU) parameter commonly referred to as stress wave factor are briefly described. An alternate procedure for charac...

M. J. Sundaresan; E. G. Henneke II

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Modulation and Measurement of Time-Energy Entangled Photons  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We describe a proof-of-principal experiment demonstrating a Fourier technique for measuring the shape of biphoton wavepackets. The technique is based on the use of synchronously driven fast modulators and slow (integrating) detectors.

Chinmay Belthangady; Shengwang Du; Chih-Sung Chuu; G. Y. Yin; S. E. Harris

2009-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

333

Operations and Maintenance Program Measurement | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Operations and Maintenance Program Measurement Operations and Maintenance Program Measurement Operations and Maintenance Program Measurement October 4, 2013 - 5:19pm Addthis Operations and maintenance (O&M) measurement tends to focus on reliability as the sole metric. Every Federal agency wants a reliable facility, but this metric alone is not enough to build a successful O&M program. O&M managers must think beyond reliability. Successful programs incorporate reliability along with controlling costs, evaluating and implementing new technologies, tracking and reporting health and safety issues, and more. Not only are these metrics useful in assessing effectiveness, but also in equipment cost justification, program modifications, and staff hiring. Common Metrics The following metrics are common in evaluating effective O&M programs. Not

334

Measurement of intergranular attack in stainless steel using ultrasonic energy  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Ultrasonic test methods are used to measure the depth of intergranular attack (IGA) in a stainless steel specimen. The ultrasonic test methods include a pitch-catch surface wave technique and a through-wall pulse-echo technique. When used in combination, these techniques can establish the extent of IGA on both the front and back surfaces of a stainless steel specimen from measurements made on only one surface.

Mott, Gerry (Pittsburgh, PA); Attaar, Mustan (Monroeville, PA); Rishel, Rick D. (Monroeville, PA)

1989-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

335

Measured energy performance of a US-China demonstration energy-efficient office building  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

as well as an ice thermal energy storage (TES) system in thefrom the ice thermal energy storage system. More data on the

Xu, Peng; Huang, Joe; Jin, Ruidong; Yang, Guoxiong

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Microalgae cultivation in PBRs: experimental measurement of maintenance energy requirement as a function of light energy.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Most relevant factors influencing microalgal growth are light availability and utilization. The concept of maintenance energy is essential to understand the energy requirements for cell (more)

Urbani, Silvia

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Precision Measurement of the 29Si, 33S, and 36Cl Binding Energies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The binding energies of 29Si, 33S, and 36Cl have been measured with a relative uncertainty $measurements are 1) nearly perfect crystals whose lattice spacing is known in meters, 2) a highly precise angle scale that is derived from first principles, and 3) a gamma-ray measurement facility that is coupled to a high flux reactor with near-core source capability. The binding energy is obtained by measuring all gamma-rays in a cascade scheme connecting the capture and ground states. The measurements require the extension of precision flat-crystal diffraction techniques to the 5 to 6 MeV energy region, a significant precision measurement challenge. The binding energies determined from these gamma-ray measurements are consistent with recent highly accurate atomic mass measurements within a relative uncertainty of $4.3 \\times 10^{-7}$. The gamma-ray measurement uncertainties are the dominant contributors to the uncertainty of this consistency test. The measured gamma-ray energies are in agreement with earlier precision gamma-ray measurements.

M. S. Dewey; E. G. Kessler Jr; R. D. Deslattes; H. G. Borner; M. Jentschel; C. Doll; P. Mutti

2005-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

338

Cooling Energy Measurements of Houses with Attics Containing Radiant Barriers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Tests were conducted by Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) to determine the magnitude of the energy savings brought about by installing radiant barriers in the attics of single-family houses. The radiant barrier used for this test was a product...

Levins, W. P.; Karnitz, M. A.; Knight, D. K.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

ENERGY STAR Snapshot: Measuring Progress in the Commercial and Industrial Sectors, Spring 2008.  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Measuring Progress in the Commercial and Industrial Sectors Spring 2008 Introduction Through 2007, commercial and industrial (C&I) leaders have made unprecedented progress in their efforts to improve energy efficiency and reduce greenhouse gas emissions across their buildings and facilities. This includes: y Hundreds of organizations and individuals stepping forward to take the ENERGY STAR Challenge to improve the energy efficiency of America's buildings by 10 percent or more y Measuring the energy performance in tens of thousands of buildings y Achieving energy savings across millions of square feet y Designating more than 4,000 efficient buildings and facilities with the ENERGY STAR label ENERGY STAR partners are building tremendous momentum for energy efficiency and seeing important

340

The significance of energy storage for renewable energy generation and the role of instrumentation and measurement.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 The significance of energy storage for renewable energy generation and the role of variable renewable energies such as wind and photovoltaic into the electricity grids. Figure 1 displays CEA INES 50, av. du Lac Léman - BP 332 F-73375 Le Bourget-du-Lac Cedex France CEA: Atomic Energy

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mecs energy measures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Measurement of the Binding Energy for Di-C2H4/Pt{111}: Does a Radical Intermediate Form  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Measurement of the Binding Energy for Di- C2H4/Pt{111}: Does a Radical Intermediate Form During energy surface. This well depth, or binding energy, is determined by measuring the threshold that temperature-programmed desorption involves a nonequilibrium measurement; thus, the activation energy

Levis, Robert J.

342

Could Dark Energy be Measured from Redshift Surveys ?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We review the ability of redshift surveys to provide constraints on the Dark Energy content of the Universe. The matter power spectrum and dynamics at the present epoch are nearly `blind' to Dark Energy, but combined with the CMB they can provide a constraint on the Equation of State parameter w. A representative result from the 2dF galaxy redshift survey combined with the CMB is w = -1), consistent with Einstein's Cosmological Constant model (w=-1). More complicated forms of Quintessence (e.g. epoch-dependent w or w<-1) are not yet ruled out. At higher redshifts, the abundance of galaxies and clusters of galaxies, variants of the Alcock-Paczynski curvature test and cross correlation of the CMB with radio sources look potentially promising, but they suffer from degeneracy with other parameters such as the matter density and galaxy biasing.

Ofer Lahav

2002-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

343

Measuring Leptonic CP Violation by Low Energy Neutrino Oscillation Experiments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We uncover an interesting phenomenon that neutrino flavor transformation in slowly varying matter density imitates almost exactly that of vacuum neutrino oscillation under suitably chosen experimental parameters. It allows us to have relatively large CP violating measure \\Delta P \\equiv P(\

Hisakazu Minakata; Hiroshi Nunokawa

2000-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

344

Measuring the impact of nuclear accidents on energy policy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper investigates the effects of nuclear accidents on energy policy with the help of a panel dataset of 31 countries from 1965 to 2009, using annual data on the capacity of reactor construction starts, as well as the timing of three nuclear accidents scaled five or higher on the International Nuclear and Radiological Event Scale. After determining the extent of the accident impact in the different countries, I find that neither the Three Mile Island (TMI) nor the Lucens accidents had a worldwide negative effect on construction starts, while Chernobyl did. Three Mile Island had a lasting impact in the United States, however. I show that the effect of Chernobyl wore off in certain geographical clusters, after ten to thirty years. An accident is likely to have a negative and long lasting impact in the country where it happened, and possibly in countries affected by the direct consequences. I find that nuclear capacity enlargement shows a significant lock-in effect, but it was also driven by primary energy consumption and energy security considerations in the past five decades.

Zsuzsanna Csereklyei

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

A multi-site analysis of random error2 in tower-based measurements of carbon and energy fluxes3  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 A multi-site analysis of random error2 in tower-based measurements of carbon and energy fluxes3 4 MEASUREMENTS Richardson et al. 1 January 13, 2006 Abstract1 Measured surface-atmosphere fluxes of energy open-path, gas analyzer is22 used.23 #12;RANDOM ERRORS IN ENERGY AND CO2 FLUX MEASUREMENTS Richardson

346

Measured energy performance of a US-China demonstration energy-efficient office building  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Whole building electricity consumption for the first eightbuildings. Measured electricity consumption Figure 3 showsthe measured total electricity consumption of the building

Xu, Peng; Huang, Joe; Jin, Ruidong; Yang, Guoxiong

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Pulse energy measurement at the hard x-ray laser in Japan  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The pulse energies of a free electron laser have accurately been measured in the hard x-ray spectral range. In the photon energy regime from 4.4 keV to 16.8 keV, pulse energies up to 100 {mu}J were obtained at the hard x-ray laser facility SACLA (SPring-8 Angstrom Compact free-electron LAser). Two independent methods, using a cryogenic radiometer and a gas monitor detector, were applied and agreement within 3.3% was achieved. Based on our validated pulse energy measurement, a SACLA online monitor detector could be calibrated for all future experiments.

Kato, M.; Tanaka, T.; Saito, N. [National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), NMIJ, Tsukuba 305-8568 (Japan); RIKEN SPring-8 Center, 1-1-1 Kouto, Sayo-cho, Sayo-gun, Hyogo 679-5148 (Japan); Kurosawa, T. [National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), NMIJ, Tsukuba 305-8568 (Japan); Richter, M. [RIKEN SPring-8 Center, 1-1-1 Kouto, Sayo-cho, Sayo-gun, Hyogo 679-5148 (Japan); Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt (PTB), Abbestrasse 2-12, D-10587 Berlin (Germany); Sorokin, A. A. [RIKEN SPring-8 Center, 1-1-1 Kouto, Sayo-cho, Sayo-gun, Hyogo 679-5148 (Japan); Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Notkestrasse 85, D-22603 Hamburg (Germany); Ioffe Physico-Technical Institute, RAS, Polytekhnicheskaya 26, 194021 St. Petersburg (Russian Federation); Tiedtke, K. [RIKEN SPring-8 Center, 1-1-1 Kouto, Sayo-cho, Sayo-gun, Hyogo 679-5148 (Japan); Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Notkestrasse 85, D-22603 Hamburg (Germany); Kudo, T.; Yabashi, M. [RIKEN SPring-8 Center, 1-1-1 Kouto, Sayo-cho, Sayo-gun, Hyogo 679-5148 (Japan); Japan Synchrotron Radiation Research Institute, 1-1-1 Kouto, Sayo-cho, Sayo-gun, Hyogo 679-5198 (Japan); Tono, K. [Japan Synchrotron Radiation Research Institute, 1-1-1 Kouto, Sayo-cho, Sayo-gun, Hyogo 679-5198 (Japan); Ishikawa, T. [RIKEN SPring-8 Center, 1-1-1 Kouto, Sayo-cho, Sayo-gun, Hyogo 679-5148 (Japan)

2012-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

348

Parametric Channeling Radiation and its Application to the Measurement of Electron Beam Energy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have proposed a method for observing parametric channeling radiation (PCR) and of applying it to the measurement of electron beam energy. The PCR process occurs if the energy of the channeling radiation coincides with the energy of the parametric X-ray radiation (PXR). The PCR process can be regarded as the diffraction of 'virtual channeling radiation'. We developed a scheme for beam energy measurement and designed an experimental setup. We also estimated the beam parameters, and calculated the angular distributions of PXR and PCR. These considerations indicate that the observation of PCR is promising.

Takabayashi, Y. [SAGA Light Source, 8-7 Yayoigaoka, Tosu, Saga 841-0005 (Japan)

2010-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

349

Measurement Protocol for GEC, ERF, and CUE | ENERGY STAR Buildings & Plants  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Measurement Protocol for GEC, ERF, and CUE Measurement Protocol for GEC, ERF, and CUE Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us Portfolio Manager Login Facility owners and managers Existing buildings Commercial new construction Industrial energy management Small business Service providers Service and product providers Verify applications for ENERGY STAR certification Design commercial buildings Energy efficiency program administrators Commercial and industrial program sponsors Associations State and local governments Federal agencies Tools and resources Training In This Section Campaigns Commercial building design Communications resources Energy management guidance Financial resources Portfolio Manager Products and purchasing Recognition Research and reports Service and product provider (SPP) resources Success stories

350

Variation of Q with energy in mosaic analyzers for inelastic x-ray measurements  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Curved mosaic graphite analyzers have been used for many years for inelastic scattering measurements with both conventional x-ray sources as well as synchrotron sources (1). The trend in recent years has been to use spherically bent perfect crystal analyzers to collect large solid angles with high energy resolution. Although, these spherical analyzers achieve excellent energy resolution, the large solid angle limits the Q resolution. For cylindrically bent mosaic graphite, it is possible to obtain good energy and Q resolution simultaneously, while maintaining a large solid angle by collecting a range of energies dispersed along a linear position detector. However, if the mosaic spread of the crystal is less than the acceptance angle subtended in the scattering plane, the energy spectrum from a mosaic analyzer as collected in a linear detector will have Q varying with energy. The resolution and the variation in Q with energy along a linear detector are discussed in relation to inelastic x-ray scattering measurements.

Tischler, J. Z.; Larson, B. C. [Solid State Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831-6030 (United States); Zschack, Paul [Univ. of Illinois, UNICAT, Bldg. 438D, Argonne National Lab., Argonne, Illinois 60439-4863 (United States)

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

SEEC- Regional Energy Baselines and Measurement and Verification Protocols  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is to demonstrate the usability of public-available data such as the U.S. DOE EIA data sets and the U.S. Census Bureau data sets. This approach has been successfully demonstrated by ESL as part of the Comptroller of Public Accounts and the State Energy..., and Virginia); the raw data have been downloaded from the following websites: the U.S. DOE EIA website1; and the U.S. Census Bureau website2. Appendix A and B present the detailed information of data sets that have been used for this subtask, including...

Kim, H.; Haberl, J. S.; Verdict, M.

352

Towards measurement and verification of energy performance under the framework of the European directive for energy performance of buildings  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Directive 2002/91/EC of the European Parliament and Council on the Energy Performance of Buildings has led to major developments in energy policies followed by the EU Member States. The national energy performance targets for the built environment are mostly rooted in the Building Regulations that are shaped by this Directive. Article 3 of this Directive requires a methodology to calculate energy performance of buildings under standardised operating conditions. Overwhelming evidence suggests that actual energy performance is often significantly higher than this standardised and theoretical performance. The risk is national energy saving targets may not be achieved in practice. The UK evidence for the education and office sectors is presented in this paper. A measurement and verification plan is proposed to compare actual energy performance of a building with its theoretical performance using calibrated thermal modelling. Consequently, the intended vs. actual energy performance can be established under identical operating conditions. This can help identify the shortcomings of construction process and building procurement. Once energy performance gap is determined with reasonable accuracy and root causes identified, effective measures could be adopted to remedy or offset this gap.

Esfand Burman; Dejan Mumovic; Judit Kimpian

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

Beyond Profitability of Energy-Saving MeasuresAttitudes Towards Energy Saving  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Private homeowners can save considerable amounts of energy and money, if they retrofit their homes according to up-to-date energy efficiency standards. From an expert point of ... economic and non-economic motive...

Stefan Zundel; Immanuel Stie

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Measuring energy efficiency under heterogeneous technologies using a latent class stochastic frontier approach: An application to Chinese energy economy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The importance of technology heterogeneity in estimating economy-wide energy efficiency has been emphasized by recent literature. Some studies use the metafrontier analysis approach to estimate energy efficiency. However, for such studies, some reliable priori information is needed to divide the sample observations properly, which causes a difficulty in unbiased estimation of energy efficiency. Moreover, separately estimating group-specific frontiers might lose some common information across different groups. In order to overcome these weaknesses, this paper introduces a latent class stochastic frontier approach to measure energy efficiency under heterogeneous technologies. An application of the proposed model to Chinese energy economy is presented. Results show that the overall energy efficiency of China's provinces is not high, with an average score of 0.632 during the period from 1997 to 2010.

Boqiang Lin; Kerui Du

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Improving Energy Efficiency and Enabling Water Recycle in Biorefineries Using Bioelectrochemical Cells.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Improving biofuel yield and water reuse are two important issues in further development of biorefineries. The total energy content of liquid fuels (including ethanol and hydrocarbon) produced from cellulosic biomass via biochemical or hybrid bio-thermochemical routes can vary from 49% to 70% of the biomass entering the biorefinery, on an energy basis. Use of boiler for combustion of residual organics and lignin results in significant energy and water losses. An alternate process to improve energy recovery from the residual organic streams is via use of bioelectrochemical systems such as microbial fuel cells (MFCs) microbial electrolysis cells (MECs). The potential advantages of this alternative scheme in a biorefinery include minimization of heat loss and generation of a higher value product, hydrogen. The need for 5-15 gallons of water per gallon of ethanol can be reduced significantly via recycle of water after MEC treatment. Removal of inhibitory byproducts such as furans, phenolics and acetate in MFC/MECs to generate energy, thus, has dual advantages including improvements in energy efficiency and ability to recycle water. Conversion of the sugar- and lignin- degradation products to hydrogen is synergistic with biorefinery hydrogen requirements for upgrading F-T liquids and other byproducts to high-octane fuels and/or high value products. Some of these products include sorbitol, succinic acid, furan and levulinate derivatives, glycols, polyols, 1,4-butenadiol, phenolics polymers, etc. Potential process alternatives utilizing MECs in biorefineries capable of improving energy efficiency by up to 30% are discussed.

Borole, Abhijeet P [ORNL

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Matching measure, Benjamini-Schramm convergence and the monomer-dimer free energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We define the matching measure of a lattice L as the spectral measure of the tree of self-avoiding walks in L. We connect this invariant to the monomer-dimer partition function of a sequence of finite graphs converging to L. This allows us to express the monomer-dimer free energy of L in terms of the measure. Exploiting an analytic advantage of the matching measure over the Mayer series then leads to new, rigorous bounds on the monomer-dimer free energies of various Euclidean lattices. While our estimates use only the computational data given in previous papers, they improve the known bounds significantly.

Mikls Abrt; Pter Csikvri; Tams Hubai

2014-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

357

Measurement of the UHECR energy spectrum from hybrid data of the Pierre Auger Observatory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

More than two years of fluorescence detector data collected in coincidence with at least one station of the surface detector array (``hybrid data'') are used to measure the flux and energy spectrum of cosmic rays above about 10$^{18}$ eV. The hybrid measurement extends towards lower energies the spectrum measured with the surface detector data only, and provides a cross-check with an independent data set. The determination of the fluorescence detector aperture and of its live-time, which is the major aspect of this measurement, is illustrated in detail. Our current estimate of the corresponding systematic uncertainties are given.

Lorenzo Perrone; for the the Pierre Auger Collaboration

2007-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

358

Measurements of the distribution of adenylate concentrations and adenylate energy charge across Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilms.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...function of biofilms. Wiley Interscience, New York. 29. Wimpenny, J. W. T., A. Peters...function of biofilms. Wiley Interscience, New York. 30. Witzel, K. P. 1979. The adenylate energy charge as a measure of microbial activities...

S L Kinniment; J W Wimpenny

1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Overview of BSM Higgs measurements at LHC, and prospects for the LHC high Energy run  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

slides for the 35+5' talk titled "Overview of BSM Higgs measurements at LHC, and prospects for the LHC high Energy run" for the Higgs to Dark Matter conference in Geilo, Norway, 14-17/12/14

ATLAS Collaboration; The ATLAS collaboration

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Ensemble method to measure the potential energy of nanoparticles in an optical trap  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A method is described for measuring the potential energy of nanoparticles in an optical trap by trapping an ensemble of particles with a focused laser beam. The force balance between...

Junio, Joseph; Ng, Jack; Cohen, Joel A; Lin, Zhifang; Ou-Yang, H Daniel

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mecs energy measures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Integration of Continuous Commissioning as a Measure in LoanSTAR and Energy Services Contracts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. The process typically achieves 15% whole building energy cost reduction with simple paybacks of less than two years. It has been used in over 450 federal, institutional, university, and commercial buildings and central plants with measured savings of over $100...

Wei, G.; Zhou, J.; Turner, D.; Lilley, D.

362

Microprocessor Field Impactometer Calibration: Do We Measure Drops Momentum or Their Kinetic Energy?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study presents the construction and calibration of a low-cost piezoelectric microprocessor impactometer designed for the field measurements of the rainfall kinetic energy (KE) flux. Its precise calibration was performed in laboratory ...

Pawe? Licznar; Janusz ?omotowski; S?awomir B?o?ski; Grzegorz J. Ciach

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Laser-induced grating measurements of energy migration in Tm,Ho:YAG  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We report what is to our knowledge the first direct measurement of spatial energy migration among the Tm3+ ions in a Tm,Ho:YAG crystal at room temperature. Four-wave mixing...

French, Valentina A; Powell, Richard C

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

A Remark on the Method of Electron Beam Energy Measurement Using Laser Light Resonance Absorption  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The problem of measuring of the electron beam energy by help of the laser light interaction with the electrons is discussed. It is shown that the orthogonal orientation of the laser beam with respect to the electron one, proposed in the present Note, may allow to perform this measurement in accordance with the physical nature of a formation of an electron quantum levels in a magnetic field. In result, the final formula, that expresses the beam energy through the strength of a magnetic field and the energy of the laser photon, gets a transparent physical meaning and do contain a less number of parameters (what may lead to an increase of the precision of the measurement). Some other sequences from this proposal, like the change of the geometry of the experimental set-up and the necessity of a new additional detector to register the products of the Compton scattering for monitoring of the beam energy measurements, are discussed also.

N. B. Skachkov

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Measurement of projectile energy and velocity requirements for the disruption of unexploded ordnance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper details the design and fabrication of a disrupting test rig for measuring the energy required to separate the fuze from the casing of unexploded ordnance (UXO), also called disrupting the device. Preliminary ...

Jeunnette, Mark N. (Mark Nathaniel), 1979-

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Draft Guidance for the Implementation and Follow-up of Identified Energy and Water Efficiency Measures  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Guidance 9Dec2010 Guidance 9Dec2010 i DRAFT Guidance for the Implementation and Follow-up of Identified Energy and Water Efficiency Measures in Covered Facilities (per 42 U.S.C. 8253 Subsection (f), Use of Energy and Water Efficiency Measures in Federal Buildings) December 9, 2010 I. PURPOSE ............................................................................................................................................ 1 II. BACKGROUND ................................................................................................................................. 1 A. Authority ................................................................................................................................. 1 B. Related DOE Guidance and Activity ...................................................................................... 1

367

Key energy efficiency measures signed into law by President Obama | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Key energy efficiency measures signed into law by President Obama Key energy efficiency measures signed into law by President Obama Home > Groups > OpenEI Community Central Graham7781's picture Submitted by Graham7781(1992) Super contributor 2 January, 2013 - 12:53 energy efficiency legislation OpenEI President Obama President Obama recently signed into law the American Energy Manufacturing Technical Corrections Act, a piece of legislation that includes provisions that are aimed at aggressively moving clean energy and energy efficiency forward. For a more in-depth article, visit Smartgridnews.com To view the full bill, click here Groups: OpenEI Community Central Login to post comments Graham7781's blog Latest blog posts Jweers New Robust References! Posted: 7 Aug 2013 - 18:23 by Jweers 1 comment(s) Graham7781 Geothermal Regulatory Roadmap featured on NREL Now

368

Measurements of the Tt; 2n4 He Neutron Spectrum at Low Reactant Energies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

He3He) reaction [6], which is the dominant energy-producing step in the solar proton-proton chain [5Measurements of the Tðt; 2n?4 He Neutron Spectrum at Low Reactant Energies from Inertial National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545, USA (Received 9 March 2012; published 10 July 2012

369

Measured Energy Savings from the Application of Reflective Roofs in 3 AT&T Regeneration Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) under IAG No. DW89938442-01-2, and by the Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency and Renew- ableLBNL-47075 Measured Energy Savings from the Application of Reflective Roofs in 3 AT&T Regeneration Buildings Hashem Akbari and Leo Rainer Heat Island Group Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Berkeley, CA

370

Constraints on dark energy models from radial baryon acoustic scale measurements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We use the radial baryon acoustic oscillation (BAO) measurements of Gaztanaga et al. (2008) to constrain parameters of dark energy models. These constraints are comparable with constraints from other "non-radial" BAO data. The radial BAO data are consistent with the time-independent cosmological constant model but do not rule out time-varying dark energy. When we combine radial BAO and the Kowalski et al. (2008) Union type Ia supernova data we get very tight constraints on dark energy.

Lado Samushia; Bharat Ratra

2008-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

371

DOE/EIA-0555(95)/2 Energy Consumption Series Measuring Energy...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

domestic movements through canals, rivers, the Great Lakes, and along the coasts. 36See Green, David L. And Yuehui Fan, Transportation Energy Efficiency Trends, 1972-1992, Oak...

372

Calorimetric Measurement of the Energy Difference Between Two Solid Surface Phases  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Science and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC) for continuing support of this...4X2) low-energy electron diffraction (LEED) pattern (11). Confirmation is provided...1 X 1) to hex has been determined by LEED intensity measure-ments (15) as 115...

Y. Y. Yeo; C. E. Wartnaby; D. A. King

1995-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

373

Measurement of low energy longitudinal polarised positron beams via a Bhabha polarimeter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The introduction of a longitudinal polarised positron beam in an $e^+e^-$ linear collider calls for its polarisation monitoring and measurement at low energies near its production location. Here it is shown that a relatively simple Bhabha scattering polarimeter allows, at energies below 5000 MeV, a more than adequate positron beam longitudinal polarisation measurement by using only the final state electrons. It is further shown that out of the three, 10, 250 or 5000 MeV positron beam energy locations, where the polarisationmeasurement in the TESLA linear collider can be performed, the 250 MeV site is best suited for this task.

Gideon Alexander; Erez Reinherz-Aronis

2005-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

374

Energy Guideline Factors Provide a Better Measure of Refinery Energy Performance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Exxon Company, U.S.A. refineries reduced energy consumption by 25% between 1972 and 1978 compared with an 18% reduction for the U.S. Petroleum Refining Industry over the same period. The Exxon approach to conserving energy in petroleum refining...

Libbers, D. D.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Society of Automotive Engineers World Congress and Exposition, Detroit, MI, April, 2006 (draft) 1 MEASURING INDUSTRIAL ENERGY SAVINGS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MEASURING INDUSTRIAL ENERGY SAVINGS Kelly Kissock and Carl Eger Department of Mechanical and Aerospace a general method for measuring industrial energy savings and demonstrates the method using a case study from- and post retrofit periods. In these cases, it is more difficult to measure energy savings and

Kissock, Kelly

376

A theory for calculating the surface-adsorbate bond dissociation energy from collision-induced desorption threshold measurements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-induced desorption measurements. D, is calculated from the minimum collision energy required for desorption. Thermal desorption spectroscopy (TDS ) is the current technique used for measuring surface bond energies.' As with all thermal methods, a TDS ex- periment is constrained to measure the activation energy of the pathway

Levis, Robert J.

377

PUBLISHED ONLINE: 3 APRIL 2011 | DOI: 10.1038/NPHYS1963 Direct measurement of the energy dissipated by  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LETTERS PUBLISHED ONLINE: 3 APRIL 2011 | DOI: 10.1038/NPHYS1963 Direct measurement of the energy to make the first direct measurement of the energy released by freely decaying quantum turbulence. Our,5), allowing a determination of . In contrast, a direct measurement of the energy dissipated in quantum

Loss, Daniel

378

Collision-induced desorption of ammonia chemisorbed on Pt^111: From direct measurement of the threshold energy to determination  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

metal surface by a beam of neutral, energetic Ar atoms. From direct measurement of the threshold energy for NH3 desorption at one-quarter of a monolayer coverage were measured for Ar beam energies up to 3 e surface well depth from a collision-induced desorption experiment is measurement of the threshold energy

Levis, Robert J.

379

Analysis of Illinois Home Performance with ENERGY STAR(R) Measure Packages  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Through the Chicagoland Single Family Housing Characterization and Retrofit Prioritization report, the Partnership for Advanced Residential Retrofit characterized 15 housing types in the Chicagoland region based on assessor data, utility billing history, and available data from prior energy efficiency programs. Within these 15 groups, a subset showed the greatest opportunity for energy savings based on BEopt Version 1.1 modeling of potential energy efficiency package options and the percent of the housing stock represented by each group. In this project, collected field data from a whole-home program in Illinois are utilized to compare marketplace-installed measures to the energy saving optimal packages previously developed for the 15 housing types. Housing type, conditions, energy efficiency measures installed, and retrofit cost information were collected from 19 homes that participated in the Illinois Home Performance with ENERGY STAR program in 2012, representing eight of the characterized housing groups. Two were selected for further case study analysis to provide an illustration of the differences between optimal and actually installed measures. Taken together, these homes are representative of 34.8% of the Chicagoland residential building stock. In one instance, actual installed measures closely matched optimal recommended measures.

Baker, J.; Yee, S.; Brand, L.

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Improved measurement method for electron energy distribution functions with high accuracy and reliability  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An improved ac superimposed method for measuring the electron energy distribution function (EEDF) with high accuracy is proposed. Although high amplitude of the superimposed ac voltage provides a higher signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), it causes the distortion in the EEDF. To correct the distortion, we used two different EEDFs measured by applying two different amplitudes. The distortion was accurately corrected over the entire electron energy region, and the corrected EEDF had the better SNR. The reliability of the corrected EEDF was proved by comparing the effective electron temperatures obtained from the measured EEDFs, and as a result, the corrected EEDF was very reliable.

Bang, Jin Young; Kim, Aram; Chung, Chin Wook [Department of Electrical Engineering, Hanyang University, 17 Haengdang-dong, Seongdong-gu, Seoul 133-791 (Korea, Republic of)

2010-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mecs energy measures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

An improved method for measuring muon energy using the truncated mean of dE/dx  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The measurement of muon energy is critical for many analyses in large Cherenkov detectors, particularly those that involve separating extraterrestrial neutrinos from the atmospheric neutrino background. Muon energy has traditionally been determined by measuring the specific energy loss (dE/dx) along the muon's path and relating the dE/dx to the muon energy. Because high-energy muons ( E ? > 1 TeV ) lose energy randomly, the spread in dE/dx values is quite large, leading to a typical energy resolution of 0.29 in log 10 ( E ? ) for a muon observed over a 1km path length in the IceCube detector. In this paper, we present an improved method that uses a truncated mean and other techniques to determine the muon energy. The muon track is divided into separate segments with individual dE/dx values. The elimination of segments with the highest dE/dx results in an overall dE/dx that is more closely correlated to the muon energy. This method results in an energy resolution of 0.22 in log 10 ( E ? ) , which gives a 26% improvement. This technique is applicable to any large water or ice detector and potentially to large scintillator or liquid argon detectors.

R. Abbasi; Y. Abdou; M. Ackermann; J. Adams; J.A. Aguilar; M. Ahlers; D. Altmann; K. Andeen; J. Auffenberg; X. Bai; M. Baker; S.W. Barwick; V. Baum; R. Bay; K. Beattie; J.J. Beatty; S. Bechet; J. Becker Tjus; K.-H. Becker; M. Bell; M.L. Benabderrahmane; S. BenZvi; J. Berdermann; P. Berghaus; D. Berley; E. Bernardini; D. Bertrand; D.Z. Besson; D. Bindig; M. Bissok; E. Blaufuss; J. Blumenthal; D.J. Boersma; C. Bohm; D. Bose; S. Bser; O. Botner; L. Brayeur; A.M. Brown; R. Bruijn; J. Brunner; S. Buitink; M. Carson; J. Casey; M. Casier; D. Chirkin; B. Christy; F. Clevermann; S. Cohen; D.F. Cowen; A.H. Cruz Silva; M. Danninger; J. Daughhetee; J.C. Davis; C. De Clercq; F. Descamps; P. Desiati; G. de Vries-Uiterweerd; T. DeYoung; J.C. Daz-Vlez; J. Dreyer; J.P. Dumm; M. Dunkman; R. Eagan; J. Eisch; R.W. Ellsworth; O. Engdegrd; S. Euler; P.A. Evenson; O. Fadiran; A.R. Fazely; A. Fedynitch; J. Feintzeig; T. Feusels; K. Filimonov; C. Finley; T. Fischer-Wasels; S. Flis; A. Franckowiak; R. Franke; K. Frantzen; T. Fuchs; T.K. Gaisser; J. Gallagher; L. Gerhardt; L. Gladstone; T. Glsenkamp; A. Goldschmidt; J.A. Goodman; D. Gra; D. Grant; A. Gro; S. Grullon; M. Gurtner; C. Ha; A. Haj Ismail; A. Hallgren; F. Halzen; K. Hanson; D. Heereman; P. Heimann; D. Heinen; K. Helbing; R. Hellauer; S. Hickford; G.C. Hill; K.D. Hoffman; R. Hoffmann; A. Homeier; K. Hoshina; W. Huelsnitz; P.O. Hulth; K. Hultqvist; S. Hussain; A. Ishihara; E. Jacobi; J. Jacobsen; G.S. Japaridze; O. Jlelati; A. Kappes; T. Karg; A. Karle; J. Kiryluk; F. Kislat; J. Kls; S.R. Klein; J.-H. Khne; G. Kohnen; H. Kolanoski; L. Kpke; C. Kopper; S. Kopper; D.J. Koskinen; M. Kowalski; M. Krasberg; G. Kroll; J. Kunnen; N. Kurahashi; T. Kuwabara; M. Labare; K. Laihem; H. Landsman; M.J. Larson; R. Lauer; M. Lesiak-Bzdak; J. Lnemann; J. Madsen; R. Maruyama; K. Mase; H.S. Matis; F. McNally; K. Meagher; M. Merck; P. Mszros; T. Meures; S. Miarecki; E. Middell; N. Milke; J. Miller; L. Mohrmann; T. Montaruli; R. Morse; S.M. Movit; R. Nahnhauer; U. Naumann; S.C. Nowicki; D.R. Nygren; A. Obertacke; S. Odrowski; A. Olivas; M. Olivo; A. O'Murchadha; S. Panknin; L. Paul; J.A. Pepper; C. Prez de los Heros; D. Pieloth; N. Pirk; J. Posselt; P.B. Price; G.T. Przybylski; L. Rdel; K. Rawlins; P. Redl; E. Resconi; W. Rhode; M. Ribordy; M. Richman; B. Riedel; J.P. Rodrigues; F. Rothmaier; C. Rott; T. Ruhe; B. Ruzybayev; D. Ryckbosch; S.M. Saba; T. Salameh; H.-G. Sander; M. Santander; S. Sarkar; K. Schatto; M. Scheel; F. Scheriau; T. Schmidt; M. Schmitz; S. Schoenen; S. Schneberg; L. Schnherr; A. Schnwald; A. Schukraft; L. Schulte; O. Schulz; D. Seckel; S.H. Seo; Y. Sestayo; S. Seunarine; M.W.E. Smith; M. Soiron; D. Soldin; G.M. Spiczak; C. Spiering; M. Stamatikos; T. Stanev; A. Stasik; T. Stezelberger; R.G. Stokstad; A. Stl; E.A. Strahler; R. Strm; G.W. Sullivan; H. Taavola; I. Taboada; A. Tamburro; S. Ter-Antonyan; S. Tilav; P.A. Toale; S. Toscano; M. Usner; D. van der Drift; N. van Eijndhoven; A. Van Overloop; J. van Santen; M. Vehring; M. Voge; C. Walck; T. Waldenmaier; M. Wallraff; M. Walter; R. Wasserman; Ch. Weaver; C. Wendt; S. Westerhoff; N. Whitehorn; K. Wiebe; C.H. Wiebusch; D.R. Williams; H. Wissing; M. Wolf; T.R. Wood; K. Woschnagg; C. Xu; D.L. Xu; X.W. Xu; J.P. Yanez; G. Yodh; S. Yoshida; P. Zarzhitsky; J. Ziemann; A. Zilles; M. Zoll

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Constraints on dark energy from baryon acoustic peak and galaxy cluster gas mass measurements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We use baryon acoustic peak measurements by Eisenstein et al. (2005) and Percival et al. (2007a) and galaxy cluster gas mass fraction measurements of Allen et al. (2008) to constrain parameters of three different dark energy models. For time-independent dark energy, the Percival et al. (2007a) constraints, which make use of the WMAP measurement of the apparent acoustic horizon angle, most effectively constrain a cosmological parameter close to spatial curvature and favor a close to spatially flat model. In a spatially-flat model the Percival et al. (2007a) data less effectively constrain time-varying dark energy. The joint baryon acoustic peak and galaxy cluster gas mass constraints are consistent with but tighter than those derived from other data. A time-independent cosmological constant in a spatially-flat model provides a good fit to the joint data, but slowly-evolving dark energy can not yet be ruled out.

Lado Samushia; Bharat Ratra

2008-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

383

M&V Guidelines: Measurement and Verification for Federal Energy Projects  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Guidelines: Guidelines: Measurement and Verifi cation for Federal Energy Projects Version 3.0 M&V Guidelines: Measurement and Verification for Federal Energy Projects Version 3.0 Prepared For: U.S. Department of Energy Federal Energy Management Program www1.eere.energy.gov/femp/ Prepared By: Nexant, Inc. 1401 Walnut Street, Suite 400 Boulder, CO 80302 Tel: 303.402.2480 www.nexant.com Under Subcontract To: EMP2, Inc. www.emp2.com April 2008 FEMP M&V Guidelines 3.0 i Acknowledgements This document was prepared by Lia Webster and James Bradford of Nexant, Inc. in Boulder, Colorado. Contributors to this document include: Dale Sartor of Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, John Shonder and Erica Atkin of Oak Ridge National Laboratory, and Steve Dunnivant of EMP2. Other materials were developed by various industry-government

384

M&V Guidelines: Measurement and Verification for Federal Energy Projects  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Guidelines: Guidelines: Measurement and Verifi cation for Federal Energy Projects Version 3.0 M&V Guidelines: Measurement and Verification for Federal Energy Projects Version 3.0 Prepared For: U.S. Department of Energy Federal Energy Management Program www1.eere.energy.gov/femp/ Prepared By: Nexant, Inc. 1401 Walnut Street, Suite 400 Boulder, CO 80302 Tel: 303.402.2480 www.nexant.com Under Subcontract To: EMP2, Inc. www.emp2.com April 2008 FEMP M&V Guidelines 3.0 i Acknowledgements This document was prepared by Lia Webster and James Bradford of Nexant, Inc. in Boulder, Colorado. Contributors to this document include: Dale Sartor of Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, John Shonder and Erica Atkin of Oak Ridge National Laboratory, and Steve Dunnivant of EMP2. Other materials were developed by various industry-government

385

M&V Guidelines: Measurement and Verification for Federal Energy Projects  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

M&V Guidelines: M&V Guidelines: Measurement and Verifi cation for Federal Energy Projects Version 3.0 M&V Guidelines: Measurement and Verification for Federal Energy Projects Version 3.0 Prepared For: U.S. Department of Energy Federal Energy Management Program www1.eere.energy.gov/femp/ Prepared By: Nexant, Inc. 1401 Walnut Street, Suite 400 Boulder, CO 80302 Tel: 303.402.2480 www.nexant.com Under Subcontract To: EMP2, Inc. www.emp2.com April 2008 FEMP M&V Guidelines 3.0 i Acknowledgements This document was prepared by Lia Webster and James Bradford of Nexant, Inc. in Boulder, Colorado. Contributors to this document include: Dale Sartor of Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, John Shonder and Erica Atkin of Oak Ridge National Laboratory, and Steve Dunnivant of EMP2. Other materials were developed by various industry-government

386

MecE 390 How come Matlab gives a whole bunch of errors when I try to run one of the files from the course homepage on a computer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MecE 390 ­ How come Matlab gives a whole bunch of errors when I try to run one of the files from starting a new Matlab session, change your current folder to the newly created directory. This can be done by looking to the top of the Matlab terminal window to the small window that reads "Current Folder

Flynn, Morris R.

387

Measurement of energy-saving effect by intermodal freight transport in Thailand  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In Thailand, transport sector is the largest energy consuming sector (38%). Road haulage of freight transport accounts for approximately 92% of total domestic freight movements. Accordingly, it is one of the largest contributors to adverse environmental impacts. This study presents one option to reduce energy consumption through modal shift from trailer to intermodal transport involving railway and waterway. It focuses on freight movements between Bangkok and Hat Yai in Thailand. Energy savings are measured by multi-objective optimisation model using decision variables consisting of three mode options: trailer only, intermodal-rail and intermodal-waterway. In addition to energy consumption, the objective function also includes time and charge of shipment factor.

Shinya Hanaoka; Taqsim Husnain; Tomoya Kawasaki; Pichet Kunadhamraks

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Air Shower Measurements in the Primary Energy Range from PeV to EeV  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Recent results of advanced experiments with sophisticated measurements of cosmic rays in the energy range of the so called knee at a few PeV indicate a distinct knee in the energy spectra of light primary cosmic rays and an increasing dominance of heavy ones towards higher energies. This leads to the expectation of knee-like features of the heavy primaries at around 100 PeV. To investigate in detail this energy region several new experiments are or will be devised.

Andreas Haungs

2006-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

389

Mathematical description for the measurement and verification of energy efficiency improvement  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Insufficient energy supply is a problem faced by many countries, and energy efficiency improvement is identified as the quickest and most effective solution to this problem. Many energy efficiency projects are therefore initiated to reach various energy saving targets. These energy saving targets need to be measured and verified, and in many countries such a measurement and verification (M&V) activity is guided by the International Performance Measurement and Verification Protocol (IPMVP). However, M&V is widely regarded as an inaccurate science: an engineering practice relying heavily on professional judgement. This paper presents a mathematical description of the energy efficiency M&V problem and thus casts into a scientific framework the basic M&V concepts, propositions, techniques and methodologies. For this purpose, a general description of energy system modeling is provided to facilitate the discussion, strict mathematical definitions for baseline and baseline adjustment are given, and the M&V plan development is formulated as an M&V modeling problem. An optimal M&V plan is therefore obtained through solving a calculus of variation, or equivalently, an optimal control problem. This approach provides a fruitful source of research problems by which optimal M&V plans under various practical constraints can be determined. With the aid of linear control system models, this mathematical description also provides sufficient conditions for M&V practitioners to determine which one of the four M&V options in IPMVP should be used in a practical M&V project.

Xiaohua Xia; Jiangfeng Zhang

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Retarding field analyzer for ion energy distribution measurements at a radio-frequency biased electrode  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A retarding field energy analyzer designed to measure ion energy distributions impacting a radio-frequency biased electrode in a plasma discharge is examined. The analyzer is compact so that the need for differential pumping is avoided. The analyzer is designed to sit on the electrode surface, in place of the substrate, and the signal cables are fed out through the reactor side port. This prevents the need for modifications to the rf electrode--as is normally the case for analyzers built into such electrodes. The capabilities of the analyzer are demonstrated through experiments with various electrode bias conditions in an inductively coupled plasma reactor. The electrode is initially grounded and the measured distributions are validated with the Langmuir probe measurements of the plasma potential. Ion energy distributions are then given for various rf bias voltage levels, discharge pressures, rf bias frequencies - 500 kHz to 30 MHz, and rf bias waveforms - sinusoidal, square, and dual frequency.

Gahan, D.; Hopkins, M. B. [National Centre for Plasma Science and Technology, Dublin City University, Glasnevin, Dublin 9 (Ireland); Dolinaj, B. [Impedans Ltd., Invent Centre, Dublin City University, Glasnevin, Dublin 9 (Ireland)

2008-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

391

Comparison of the solar wind energy input to the magnetosphere measured by Wind and Interball-1  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Timely solar wind measurements are indispensable for space weather forecasts and magnetospheric studies, but solar wind variations detected by a distant spacecraft might be different from those actually hitting Earth's magnetosphere. To determine how important these differences can be for geophysical applications, we compared energy input to the magnetosphere which was simultaneously measured by the Wind and Interball-1 spacecraft at various distances from the Earth. The percentage of equal (with differences less than 15%) measurements was found to increase from 30% at energies associated with small substorms to 100% for storm-level energies. The degree of the spacecraft separation along the X GSE coordinate and in the YZ GSE plane appeared to be of minor importance within the limits of Wind and Interball-1 orbits.

A.A Petrukovich; S.I Klimov; A Lazarus; R.P Lepping

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

The Elemental Composition of High-Energy Cosmic Rays: Measurements with TRACER  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TRACER ('Transition Radiation Array for Cosmic Energetic Radiation') is a balloon borne instrument that has been developed to directly measure the composition and energy spectra of individual heavy elements up to 10^15 eV per particle. TRACER achieves a large geometric factor (5 m^2 sr) through the use of a Transition Radiation Detector utilizing arrays of single wire proportional tubes. TRACER has measured the energy spectra of the elements O, Ne, Mg, Si, S, Ar, Ca, and Fe. The energy spectra reach energies in excess of 10^14 eV per particle and exhibit nearly the same spectral index (2.65 +/- 0.05) for all elements.

P. J. Boyle

2008-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

393

Cosmic Ray Energy Measurement with EAS Cherenkov Light: Experiment QUEST and CORSIKA Simulation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A new method of a primary cosmic particle energy measurement with the extensive air shower (EAS) technique has been developed by exploiting: a) the joint analysis of the shower size, obtained by the EAS-TOP array, and of the EAS Cherenkov light lateral distribution (LDF), obtained by the QUEST array, and b) simulations based on the CORSIKA code. The method is based on the strict correlation between the size/energy ratio and the steepness of the Cherenkov light lateral distribution and has been compared with a "classical" one based on the Cherenkov light flux at a fixed distance (175 m) from the EAS core. The independence of the energy measurement both on the mass of primary particle and the hadronic interaction model used for the analysis is shown. Based on this approach the experimental integral intensity of cosmic rays flux with energy more than 3*10^15 eV is obtained with good systematic and statistical accuracy.

E. E. Korosteleva; L. A. Kuzmichev; V. V. Prosin; EAS-TOP COLLABORATION

2005-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

394

First measurement of the spectral function at high energy and momentum in medium-heavy nuclei  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The experiment E97-006 was performed at Jefferson Lab to measure the momentum and energy distribution of protons in the nucleus far from the region of the (approximate) validity of the mean field description, i.e. at high momentum and energies. The occurrence of this strength is long known from occupation numbers less than one. In the experiment reported here this strength was directly measured for the first time. The results are compared to modern many-body theories. Further the transparency factor of C12 was determined in the Q^2-region of 0.6 to 1.8 (GeV/c)^2.

Daniela Rohe

2006-01-02T23:59:59.000Z

395

Quality of Supply in Energy Regulation Measurement,Assessment and Experience from Norway  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

www.eprg.group.cam.ac.uk E P R G W O R K IN G P A P E R N O N -T E C H N IC A L S U M M A R Y Quality of Supply in Energy Regulation Measurement, Assessment and Experience from Norway EPRG Working Paper EPRG 0920 Cambridge... in the perforrnace of the Norwegian electricity distribution utilities. Contact c.growitsch@wik.org Publication July 2009 Financial Support www.eprg.group.cam.ac.uk Quality of Supply in Energy Regulation Measurement, Assessment...

Growitsch, Christian; Jamasb, Tooraj; Mueller, C; Wissner, M

396

Marine and Hydrokinetic Renewable Energy Devices, Potential Navigational Hazards and Mitigation Measures  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

On April 15, 2008, the Department of Energy (DOE) issued a Funding Opportunity Announcement for Advanced Water Power Projects which included a Topic Area for Marine and Hydrokinetic Renewable Energy Market Acceleration Projects. Within this Topic Area, DOE identified potential navigational impacts of marine and hydrokinetic renewable energy technologies and measures to prevent adverse impacts on navigation as a sub-topic area. DOE defines marine and hydrokinetic technologies as those capable of utilizing one or more of the following resource categories for energy generation: ocean waves; tides or ocean currents; free flowing water in rivers or streams; and energy generation from the differentials in ocean temperature. PCCI was awarded Cooperative Agreement DE-FC36-08GO18177 from the DOE to identify the potential navigational impacts and mitigation measures for marine hydrokinetic technologies. A technical report addressing our findings is available on this Science and Technology Information site under the Product Title, "Marine and Hydrokinetic Renewable Energy Technologies: Potential Navigational Impacts and Mitigation Measures". This product is a brochure, primarily for project developers, that summarizes important issues in that more comprehensive report, identifies locations where that report can be downloaded, and identifies points of contact for more information.

Cool, Richard, M.; Hudon, Thomas, J.; Basco, David, R.; Rondorf, Neil, E.

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Uncorrelated Measurements of the Cosmic Expansion History and Dark Energy from Supernovae  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a method for measuring the cosmic expansion history H(z) in uncorrelated redshift bins, and apply it to current and simulated type Ia supernova data assuming spatial flatness. If the matter density parameter Omega_m can be accurately measured from other data, then the dark energy density history X(z)=rho_X(z)/rho_X(0) can trivially be derived from this expansion history H(z). In contrast to customary ``black box'' parameter fitting, our method is transparent and easy to interpret: the measurement of H(z)^{-1} in a redshift bin is simply a linear combination of the measured comoving distances for supernovae in that bin, making it obvious how systematic errors propagate from input to output. We find the Riess et al. (2004) ``gold'' sample to be consistent with the ``vanilla'' concordance model where the dark energy is a cosmological constant. We compare two mission concepts for the NASA/DOE Joint Dark Energy Mission (JDEM), the Joint Efficient Dark-energy Investigation (JEDI), and the Supernova Accelaration Probe (SNAP), using simulated data including the effect of weak lensing (based on numerical simulations) and a systematic bias from K-corrections. Estimating H(z) in seven uncorrelated redshift bins, we find that both provide dramatic improvements over current data: JEDI can measure H(z) to about 10% accuracy and SNAP to 30-40% accuracy.

Yun Wang; Max Tegmark

2005-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

398

Low noise cryogenic system for the measurement of Casimir energy in rigid cavities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report on preliminary results on the measurement of variations of the Casimir energy in rigid cavities through its influence on the superconducting transition of in-cavity aluminium (Al) thin films. After a description of the experimental apparatus we report on a measurement made with thermal photons, discussing its implications for the zero-point photons case. Finally we show the preliminary results for the zero-point case.

Giuseppe Bimonte; Detlef Born; Enrico Calloni; Giampiero Esposito; Uwe Huebner; Evgeni Il'ichev; Luigi Rosa; Francesco Tafuri; Ruggero Vaglio

2007-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

399

Invariant Gibbs measures of the energy for shell models of turbulence; the inviscid and viscous cases  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Gaussian measures of Gibbsian type are associated with some shell models of 3D turbulence; they are constructed by means of the energy, a conserved quantity for the 3D inviscid and unforced shell model. We prove the existence of a unique global flow for a stochastic viscous shell model and a global flow for the deterministic inviscid shell model, with the property that these Gibbs measures are invariant for these flows.

Hakima Bessaih; Benedetta Ferrario

2011-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

400

Isoscaling as a measure of Symmetry Energy in the Lattice Gas Model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The energetic properties of nuclear clusters inside a low-density, finite-temperature medium are studied with a Lattice Gas Model including isospin dependence and Coulomb forces. Important deviations are observed respect to the Fisher approximation of an ideal gas of non-interacting clusters, but the global energetics can still be approximately expressed in terms of a simple modified energy-density functional. The multi-fragmentation regime appears dominated by combinatorial effects in this model, but the isoscaling of the largest fragment in low energy collisions appears a promising observable for the experimental measurement of the symmetry energy.

G. Lehaut; F. Gulminelli; O. Lopez

2008-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mecs energy measures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Quantum mechanical constraints on the measurement of the density of the electromagnetic energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It is considered constraints imposed by the quantum mechanics on the measurement of the density of the electromagnetic energy. First, the energy of the electromagnetic wave and the volume (time) are bound with the Heisenberg uncertainty principle. It reduces from double to ordinary the relativistic effect for the density of the electromagnetic energy. Second, the frequency of photons and the number of photons are bound with the Heisenberg uncertainty principle. Then relativistic effects for the frequency of photons and for the number of photons are incompatible.

D. L. Khokhlov

2004-02-05T23:59:59.000Z

402

Primary Energy Measurement with EAS Cherenkov Light: Experiment QUEST and CORSIKA Simulation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A new primary mass independent method of energy measurement has been developed by exploiting: a) the joint analysis of the shower size, obtained by EAS-TOP, and of the EAS atmospheric Cherenkov light lateral distribution, obtained by the QUEST array, and b) simulations based on the CORSIKA/QGSJET code. The method is based on the correlation between the size/energy ratio and the steepness of Cherenkov light lateral distribution and has been compared with a "classical" one based on the Cherenkov light flux at a fixed distance (175 m) from the EAS core. An absolute energy calibration of the EAS atmospheric Cherenkov light flux has been obtained.

E. Korosteleva; L. Kuzmichev; V. Prosin; B. Lubsandorzhiev; Eas-Top Collaboration

2004-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

403

The WiggleZ Dark Energy Survey: joint measurements of the expansion and growth history at z < 1  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......research-article Articles The WiggleZ Dark Energy Survey: joint measurements of the...galaxy clustering in the WiggleZ Dark Energy Survey, using a large ensemble of...measurements using the WiggleZ Dark Energy Survey (Drinkwater et al. ), which......

Chris Blake; Sarah Brough; Matthew Colless; Carlos Contreras; Warrick Couch; Scott Croom; Darren Croton; Tamara M. Davis; Michael J. Drinkwater; Karl Forster; David Gilbank; Mike Gladders; Karl Glazebrook; Ben Jelliffe; Russell J. Jurek; I-hui Li; Barry Madore; D. Christopher Martin; Kevin Pimbblet; Gregory B. Poole; Michael Pracy; Rob Sharp; Emily Wisnioski; David Woods; Ted K. Wyder; H. K. C. Yee

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

The WiggleZ Dark Energy Survey: improved distance measurements to z=1 with reconstruction of the baryonic acoustic feature  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......research-article Article The WiggleZ Dark Energy Survey: improved distance measurements...measurements from the WiggleZ Dark Energy Survey, achieved by applying the reconstruction...galaxies mapped by the WiggleZ Dark Energy Survey (Drinkwater et-al. 2010......

Eyal A. Kazin; Jun Koda; Chris Blake; Nikhil Padmanabhan; Sarah Brough; Matthew Colless; Carlos Contreras; Warrick Couch; Scott Croom; Darren J. Croton; Tamara M. Davis; Michael J. Drinkwater; Karl Forster; David Gilbank; Mike Gladders; Karl Glazebrook; Ben Jelliffe; Russell J. Jurek; I-hui Li; Barry Madore; D. Christopher Martin; Kevin Pimbblet; Gregory B. Poole; Michael Pracy; Rob Sharp; Emily Wisnioski; David Woods; Ted K. Wyder; H. K. C. Yee

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Free energy inference from partial work measurements Fluctuation Relations (FRs) are among the few general exact results  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Free energy inference from partial work measurements Fluctuation Relations (FRs) are among the few application is free energy recovery from non-equilibrium pulling experiments in the single molecule field. We is a "partial" work measurement): it leads to a violation of FRs and to wrong free energy estimates

Potsdam, Universität

406

Direct determination of the adiabatic ionization energy of NO2 as measured by guided ion-beam mass spectrometry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Direct determination of the adiabatic ionization energy of NO2 as measured by guided ion-beam mass the past 60 years the value for the ionization energy (IE) of nitrogen dioxide has been measured many times, Utah 84112 (Received 16 April 1992; accepted 4 May 1992) The adiabatic ionization energy (IE) of NOa

Clemmer, David E.

407

The Cross Section of 3He(3He,2p)4He measured at Solar Energies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report on the results of the \\hethet\\ experiment at the underground accelerator facility LUNA (Gran Sasso). For the first time the lowest projectile energies utilized for the cross section measurement correspond to energies below the center of the solar Gamow peak ($E_{\\rm 0}$=22 keV). The data provide no evidence for the existence of a hypothetical resonance in the energy range investigated. Although no extrapolation is needed anymore (except for energies at the low-energy tail of the Gamow peak), the data must be corrected for the effects of electron screening, clearly observed the first time for the \\hethet\\ reaction. The effects are however larger than expected and not understood, leading presently to the largest uncertainty on the quoted $S_{\\rm b}(E_{\\rm 0})$ value for bare nuclides (=5.40 MeV b).

The LUNA Collaboration; M. Junker; A. D'Alessandro; S. Zavatarelli; C. Arpesella; E. Bellotti; C. Broggini; P. Corvisiero; G. Fiorentini; A. Fubini; G. Gervino; U. Greife; C. Gustavino; J. Lambert; P. Prati; W. S. Rodney; C. Rolfs; F. Strieder; H. P. Trautvetter; D. Zahnow

1997-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

408

A literature survey on measuring energy usage for miscellaneous electric loads in offices and commercial buildings  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper presents the current state of the art regarding work performed related to the electric energy consumption for Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) and Miscellaneous Electric Loads (MELs), in office and commercial buildings. Techniques used for measuring the energy consumption of office plug loads, and efforts for saving energy by using this equipment more rationally and efficiently are identified and categorized. Popular methods and techniques for energy metering are discussed, together with efforts to classify and benchmark office equipment. Our study reveals that many issues are still open in this domain, including more accurate, diverse and meaningful energy audits for longer time periods, taking into account device profiles, occupant behavior and environmental context. Finally, there is a need for a global consensus on benchmarking and performance metrics, as well as a need for a coordinated worldwide activity for gathering, sharing, analyzing, visualizing and exposing all the silos of information relating to plug loads in offices and commercial buildings.

Andreas Kamilaris; Balaji Kalluri; Sekhar Kondepudi; Tham Kwok Wai

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Techniques and tools for measuring energy efficiency of scientific software applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The scale of scientific High Performance Computing (HPC) and High Throughput Computing (HTC) has increased significantly in recent years, and is becoming sensitive to total energy use and cost. Energy-efficiency has thus become an important concern in scientific fields such as High Energy Physics (HEP). There has been a growing interest in utilizing alternate architectures, such as low power ARM processors, to replace traditional Intel x86 architectures. Nevertheless, even though such solutions have been successfully used in mobile applications with low I/O and memory demands, it is unclear if they are suitable and more energy-efficient in the scientific computing environment. Furthermore, there is a lack of tools and experience to derive and compare power consumption between the architectures for various workloads, and eventually to support software optimizations for energy efficiency. To that end, we have performed several physical and software-based measurements of workloads from HEP applications running o...

Abdurachmanov, David; Eulisse, Giulio; Knight, Robert; Niemi, Tapio; Nurminen, Jukka K; Nyback, Filip; Pestana, Goncalo; Ou, Zhonghong; Khan, Kashif

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Measuring energy-saving retrofits: Experiences from the Texas LoanSTAR program  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In 1988 the Governor`s Energy Management Center of Texas received approval from the US Department of Energy to establish a $98.6 million state-wide retrofit demonstration revolving loan program to fund energy-conserving retrofits in state, public school, and local government buildings. As part of this program, a first-of-its-kind, statewide Monitoring and Analysis Program (MAP) was established to verify energy and dollar savings of the retrofits, reduce energy costs by identifying operational and maintenance improvements, improve retrofit selection in future rounds of the LoanSTAR program, and initiate a data base of energy use in institutional and commercial buildings located in Texas. This report discusses the LoanSTAR MAP with an emphasis on the process of acquiring and analyzing data to measure savings from energy conservation retrofits when budgets are a constraint. This report includes a discussion of the program structure, basic measurement techniques, data archiving and handling, data reporting and analysis, and includes selected examples from LoanSTAR agencies. A summary of the program results for the first two years of monitoring is also included.

Haberl, J.S.; Reddy, T.A.; Claridge, D.E.; Turner, W.D.; O`Neal, D.L.; Heffington, W.M. [Texas A and M Univ., College Station, TX (United States). Energy Systems Lab.] [Texas A and M Univ., College Station, TX (United States). Energy Systems Lab.

1996-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Measuring proton energies and fluxes using EIT (SOHO) CCD areas outside the solar disk images  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An indirect proton flux measuring tool based on discrimination of the energy deposited by protons in 128 x 128 pixel EIT CCD areas outside the solar disk images is presented. Single pixel intensity events are converted into proton incident energy flux using modeled energy deposition curves for angles of incidence 60 deg in four EIT spatial areas with different proton stopping power. The extracted proton flux is corrected for both the loss of one-pixel events in the range of angles of incidence as well as for the contribution to the single pixel events resulting from scattered middle-energy protons (low-energy or high-energy particles are stopped by the EIT components or pass through them, accordingly). A simple geometrical approach was found and applied to correct for a non-unique relation between the proton-associated CCD output signal and the incident proton energy. With this geometrical approximation four unique proton incident energy ranges were determined as 45--49, 145--154, 297--335, and 390--440 MeV. The indirect proton flux measuring tool has been tested by comparing Solar Energetic Particles (SEP) flux temporal profiles extracted from the EIT CCD frames and downloaded from the GOES database for the Bastille Day (BD) of 2000 July 14 and the more recent 2005 January 20 events. The SEP flux temporal profiles and proton spectra extracted from the EIT in the relatively narrow energy ranges between 45 and 440 MeV reported here are consistent with the related GOES profiles. The four additional EIT extracted ranges provide higher energy resolution of the SEP data.

L. V. Didkovsky; D. L. Judge; A. R. Jones; E. J. Rhodes, Jr.; J. B. Gurman

2006-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

412

Europium resonance parameters from neutron capture and transmission measurements in the energy range 0.01200 eV  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Europium resonance parameters from neutron capture and transmission measurements in the energy University. The current measure- ment has better energy resolution and updated analysis methods. Other-yield tail at the high end of the fission fragment mass distribution. Measure- ments have been made

Danon, Yaron

413

Measurement of the solar neutrino energy spectrum using neutrino-electron scattering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A measurement of the energy spectrum of recoil electrons from solar neutrino scattering in the Super--Kamiokande detector is presented. The results shown here are obtained from 504 days of data taken between the 31st of May, 1996 and the 25th of March, 1998. The shape of the measured spectrum is compared with the expectation for solar B8 neutrinos. The comparison takes into account both kinematic and detector related effects in the measurement process. The spectral shape comparison between the observation and the expectation gives a chi-square of 25.3 with 15 degrees of freedom, corresponding to a 4.6% confidence level.

The Super-Kamiokande collaboration

1998-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

414

Techniques and tools for measuring energy efficiency of scientific software applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The scale of scientific High Performance Computing (HPC) and High Throughput Computing (HTC) has increased significantly in recent years, and is becoming sensitive to total energy use and cost. Energy-efficiency has thus become an important concern in scientific fields such as High Energy Physics (HEP). There has been a growing interest in utilizing alternate architectures, such as low power ARM processors, to replace traditional Intel x86 architectures. Nevertheless, even though such solutions have been successfully used in mobile applications with low I/O and memory demands, it is unclear if they are suitable and more energy-efficient in the scientific computing environment. Furthermore, there is a lack of tools and experience to derive and compare power consumption between the architectures for various workloads, and eventually to support software optimizations for energy efficiency. To that end, we have performed several physical and software-based measurements of workloads from HEP applications running on ARM and Intel architectures, and compare their power consumption and performance. We leverage several profiling tools (both in hardware and software) to extract different characteristics of the power use. We report the results of these measurements and the experience gained in developing a set of measurement techniques and profiling tools to accurately assess the power consumption for scientific workloads.

David Abdurachmanov; Peter Elmer; Giulio Eulisse; Robert Knight; Tapio Niemi; Jukka K. Nurminen; Filip Nyback; Goncalo Pestana; Zhonghong Ou; Kashif Khan

2014-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

415

Chapter 1, Introduction: The Uniform Methods Project: Methods for Determining Energy Efficiency Savings for Specific Measures  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

: Introduction : Introduction Hossein Haeri, The Cadmus Group, Inc. Subcontract Report NREL/SR-7A30-53827 April 2013 The Uniform Methods Project: Methods for Determining Energy Efficiency Savings for Specific Measures 1 - 1 Chapter 1 - Table of Contents About the Protocols......................................................................................................................... 2 Rationale ......................................................................................................................................... 2 The Audiences and Objectives ........................................................................................................ 3 Definitions....................................................................................................................................... 4

416

Estimation and Mapping of Hurricane Turbulent Energy Using Airborne Doppler Measurements  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Hurricane turbulent kinetic energy (TKE) was computed using airborne Doppler measurements from the NOAA WP-3D tail radars, and TKE data were retrieved for a variety of storms at different stages of their life cycle. The geometry of the radar ...

Sylvie Lorsolo; Jun A. Zhang; Frank Marks Jr.; John Gamache

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

European Wind Energy Conference 2007 Milan Measurement based analysis of active and reactive power  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

European Wind Energy Conference 2007 ­ Milan 1 Measurement based analysis of active and reactive to the network through distribution systems. Because the production units, the distribution systems units will cover consumption in the vicinity. This can contribute to the reduction of the system losses

418

Photoemission currentspacecraft voltage relation: Key to routine, quantitative low-energy plasma measurements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Photoemission current�spacecraft voltage relation: Key to routine, quantitative low-energy plasma measurements J. D. Scudder and Xuejun Cao Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Iowa, Iowa City F/C. The photoemission current function is found to be time independent using nearly 10 months of GGS-Polar data from

California at Berkeley, University of

419

Minimal Energy Cost for Thermodynamic Information Processing: Measurement and Information Erasure  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The fundamental lower bounds on the thermodynamic energy cost of measurement and information erasure are determined. The lower bound on the erasure validates Landauers principle for a symmetric memory; for other cases, the bound indicates the breakdown of the principle. Our results constitute the second law of information thermodynamics, in which information content and thermodynamic variables are treated on an equal footing.

Takahiro Sagawa and Masahito Ueda

2009-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

420

EOSO ENERGY MEASUREMENTS GROUP THE REMOT SENSIN EG&G SURVEY REPORT LABORATO  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Oe. 1-G Oe. 1-G l/ZL=q n EOSO ENERGY MEASUREMENTS GROUP THE REMOT SENSIN EG&G SURVEY REPORT LABORATO EP-F-002 Of THE UNITED STATES DECEMBER 1981 DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY AN AERIAL RADIOLOGICAL SURVEY OF THE AREA SURROUNDING THE BUREAU OF MINES SITE ALBANY, OREGON DATE OF SURVEY: FEBRUARY 1980 AN AERIAL RADIOLOGICAL SURVEY OF THE BUREAU OF MINES SITE ALBANY, OREGON I I I . t I 1 I I I I I I I t PROJECT SCIENTIST: E. FEIMSTER EG&G, INC. LAS VEGAS, NEVADA 1.0 SUMMARY OF RESULTS An aerial radiological measuring system was used to survey areas surrounding the Bureau of Mines Site near Albany, Oregon in February 1980. The survey was conducted for the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Operational Safety by the Department's Remote Sensing Laboratory of Las

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mecs energy measures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Information-Entropic Measure of Energy-Degenerate Kinks in Two-Field Models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate the existence and properties of kink-like solitons in a class of models with two interacting scalar fields. In particular, we focus on models that display both double and single-kink solutions, treatable analytically using the Bogomol'nyi--Prasad--Sommerfield bound (BPS). Such models are of interest in applications that include Skyrmions and various superstring-motivated theories. Exploring a region of parameter space where the energy for very different spatially-bound configurations is degenerate, we show that a newly-proposed momentum-space entropic measure called Configurational Entropy (CE) can distinguish between such energy-degenerate spatial profiles. This information-theoretic measure of spatial complexity provides a complementary perspective to situations where strictly energy-based arguments are inconclusive.

R. A. C. Correa; A. de Souza Dutra; M. Gleiser

2014-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

422

Energy and time of flight measurements of REX-ISOLDE stable beams using Si detectors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper we present energy and time spectroscopy measurements for the stable beams of REX-ISOLDE obtained using Si detectors. By using an alpha source as a calibration reference, the absolute energy E of stable beam particles (A/q = 4) was determined in spectroscopy mode in the energy range 1 MeV < E < 8 MeV (0.30 MeV/u < E/A < 1.87 MeV/u). The time of flight of the beam particles (2.18 MeV/u < E/A < 2.27 MeV/u) was determined by installing identical Si detectors in two diagnostic boxes separated by 7.7 m. The results obtained with these two techniques are compared with the values obtained by dipole scans using a bending magnet. The measurements took place between January and February of 2013.

Cantero, E D; Fraser, M A; Lanaia, D; Sosa, A; Voulot, D; Zocca, F

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Knowledge is power: How information alone can cause commercial customers to install energy-efficient measures  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As part of their overall efforts to encourage Commercial and Industrial customers to become more energy efficient, many utilities offer Energy Audit Programs. This type of program has two main purposes. First, it offers the utility`s commercial and industrial (C/I) customers the opportunity to identify ways in which they can increase the overall energy efficiency of their facilities through the installation of more energy-efficient lighting, space conditioning, thermal efficiency, and other measures. Secondly, audit programs offer a utility public relations value because such programs usually have a positive reception among customers. The first purpose, however, that of educating customers about the energy efficiency of their facilities, is the key to potential energy savings. Many audit programs are designed to feed directly into a utility`s rebate program, and thus offer good marketing opportunities for demand side management. Many utilities and regulatory bodies consider C/I audit programs to be non-resource or information-only programs. There are quantifiable benefits to these programs beyond the marketing leads they provide for the rebate programs. Since 1987, Applied Energy Group, Inc. (AEG) has been involved in the measurement of savings attributable to energy audit programs. Through years of development and refinement, AEG has developed a process which is able to identify savings attributable solely to a utility`s energy audit program, effectively netting out the results achieved through the efforts of a rebate program. This process also factors out free ridership and ensures that there is no double counting of savings between audit and rebate programs. The findings presented here focus on the work that AEG has done for two of its utility clients: Rochester Gas & Electric (RG&E) and Long Island Lighting Company (LILCO) during the course of evaluating their 1990 and 1991 C/I programs.

Garafalo, A.; Mulholland, C.

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

424

Observable measures of critical behavior in high-energy nuclear collisions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Critical behaviors of quark-hadron phase transition in high-energy heavy-ion collisions are investigated with the aim of identifying hadronic observables. The surface of the plasma cylinder is mapped onto a 2D lattice. The Ising model is used to simulate configurations corresponding to cross-over transitions in accordance to the findings of QCD lattice gauge theory. Hadrons are formed in clusters of all sizes. Various measures are examined to quantify the fluctuations of the cluster sizes and of the voids among the clusters. The canonical power-law behaviors near the critical temperature are found for appropriately chosen measures. Since the temperature is not directly observable, attention is given to the problem of finding observable measures. It is demonstrated that for the measures considered the dependence on the final-state randomization is weak. Thus the critical behavior of the measures proposed is likely to survive the scattering effect of the hadron gas in the final state.

Rudolph C. Hwa

2000-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

425

Evaluation of Model Results and Measured Performance of Net-Zero Energy Homes in Hawaii: Preprint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Kaupuni community consists of 19 affordable net-zero energy homes that were built within the Waianae Valley of Oahu, Hawaii in 2011. The project was developed for the native Hawaiian community led by the Department of Hawaiian Homelands. This paper presents a comparison of the modeled and measured energy performance of the homes. Over the first year of occupancy, the community as a whole performed within 1% of the net-zero energy goals. The data show a range of performance from house to house with the majority of the homes consistently near or exceeding net-zero, while a few fall short of the predicted net-zero energy performance. The impact of building floor plan, weather, and cooling set point on this comparison is discussed. The project demonstrates the value of using building energy simulations as a tool to assist the project to achieve energy performance goals. Lessons learned from the energy performance monitoring has had immediate benefits in providing feedback to the homeowners, and will be used to influence future energy efficient designs in Hawaii and other tropical climates.

Norton, P.; Kiatreungwattana, K.; Kelly, K. J.

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

A neutron multiplicity meter for deep underground muon-induced high-energy neutron measurements  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present, for the first time, the design of an instrument capable of measuring the high energy ( > 60 MeV ) muon-induced neutron flux deep underground. The instrument is based on applying the Gd-loaded liquid-scintillator technique to measure the rate of multiple low-energy neutron events produced in a Pb target and from this measurement to infer the rate of high energy neutron events. This unique signature allows both for efficient tagging of neutron multiplicity events as well as rejection of random gamma backgrounds so effectively that typical low-background techniques are not required. We present design studies based on Monte Carlo simulations that show that an apparatus consisting of a Pb target of 200cm by 200cm area by 60cm thickness covered by a 60cm thick Gd-loaded liquid scintillator (0.5% Gd content) detector could measure, at a depth of 2000meters of water equivalent (m.w.e), a rate of 70 8 (stat) events/year with a background of less than 10 events/year. We discuss the relevance of this technique to measuring the muon-induced neutron background in searches for dark matter in the form of Weakly Interacting Massive Particles (WIMP). Based on these studies, we also discuss the benefits of using a neutron multiplicity meter as a component of active shielding in such experiments.

R. Hennings-Yeomans; D.S. Akerib

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Elaboration of energy saving renovation measures for urban existing residential buildings in north China based on simulation and site investigations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It is necessary to determine whether to implement a retrofit measure or not based on its energy saving and economic benefits, when conducting a retrofit ... up a building simulation model and calculate its energy

Shuqin Chen; Jun Guan; Mark D. Levine; Linna Xie; P. Yowargana

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Evaluation, Measurement, and Verification (EM&V) of Residential Behavior-Based Energy Efficiency Programs: Issues and Recommendations  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Evaluation, Measurement, and Verification Evaluation, Measurement, and Verification (EM&V) of Residential Behavior-Based Energy Efficiency Programs: Issues and Recommendations Customer Information and Behavior Working Group Evaluation, Measurement, and Verification Working Group May 2012 DOE/EE-0734 The State and Local Energy Efficiency Action Network is a state and local effort facilitated by the federal government that helps states, utilities, and other local stakeholders take energy efficiency to scale and achieve all cost-effective energy efficiency by 2020. Learn more at www.seeaction.energy.gov May 2012 www.seeaction.energy.gov ii Evaluation, Measurement, and Verification (EM&V) of Residential Behavior-Based Energy Efficiency Programs: Issues and Recommendations was developed as a product of the State and Local Energy Efficiency Action Network

429

Protocol for Uniformly Measuring and Expressing the Performance of Energy Storage Systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Protocol for Uniformly Measuring and Expressing the Performance of Energy Storage Systems (PNNL-22010) was first issued in November 2012 as a first step toward providing a foundational basis for developing an initial standard for the uniform measurement and expression of energy storage system (ESS) performance. Its subsequent use in the field and review by the protocol working group and most importantly the users subgroup and the thermal subgroup has led to the fundamental modifications reflected in this update of the 2012 Protocol. As an update of the 2012 Protocol, this document (the June 2014 Protocol) is intended to supersede its predecessor and be used as the basis for measuring and expressing ESS performance. The foreword provides general and specific details about what additions, revisions, and enhancements have been made to the 2012 Protocol and the rationale for them in arriving at the June 2014 Protocol.

Conover, David R.; Crawford, Aladsair J.; Viswanathan, Vilayanur V.; Ferreira, Summer; Schoenwald, David

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Evaluation of Modeled and Measured Energy Savings in Existing All Electric Public Housing in the Pacific Northwest  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This project analyzes the cost effectiveness of energy savings measures installed by a large public housing authority in Salishan, a community in Tacoma Washington. Research focuses on the modeled and measured energy usage of the first six phases of construction, and compares the energy usage of those phases to phase 7. Market-ready energy solutions were also evaluated to improve the efficiency of affordable housing for new and existing (built since 2001) affordable housing in the marine climate of Washington State.

Gordon, A.; Lubliner, M.; Howard, L.; Kunkle, R.; Salzberg, E.

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Statutory Requirements | Building Energy Codes Program  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Site Map Printable Version Development Adoption Compliance Regulations Resource Center Statutory Requirements DOE activities surrounding building energy codes are defined by the following statutory requirements. Specific language outlining federal requirements and associated regulations are outlined below. References are also provided to individual statutes. State Building Energy Efficiency Codes Statutory Authority: Energy Conservation and Production Act (ECPA) (Pub. L. No. 94-385), as amended1 Section 304(a) of ECPA, as amended, provides that when the 1992 Model Energy Code (MEC), or any successor to that code2, is revised, the Secretary must determine, not later than 12 months after the revision, whether the revised code would improve energy efficiency in residential

432

Quantum measurement and the first law of thermodynamics: the energy cost of measurement is the work value of the acquired information  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The energy cost of measurement is an interesting fundamental question, and may have profound implications for quantum technologies. In the context of Maxwell's demon, it is often stated that measurement has no minimum energy cost, while information has a work value, even though these statements can appear contradictory. However, as we elucidate, these statements do no refer to the cost paid by the measuring device. Here we show that it is only when a measuring device has access to a zero temperature reservoir - that is, never - that the measurement requires no energy. All real measuring devices pay the cost that a heat engine pays to obtain the work value of the information they acquire.

Kurt Jacobs

2012-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

433

Quantum measurement and the first law of thermodynamics: The energy cost of measurement is the work value of the acquired information  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The energy cost of measurement is an important fundamental question, and may have profound implications for quantum technologies. In the context of Maxwell's demon, it is often stated that measurement has no minimum energy cost, while information has a work value. However, as we elucidate, the first of these statements does not refer to the cost paid by the measuring device. Here we show that it is only when a measuring device has access to a zero-temperature reservoirthat is, neverthat measurement requires no energy. To obtain a given amount of information, all measuring devices must pay a cost equal to that which a heat engine would pay to obtain the equivalent work value of that information.

Kurt Jacobs

2012-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

434

Interactions between measures for the support of electricity from renewable energy sources and CO2 mitigation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

As Europe wants to move towards a secure, sustainable and competitive energy market, it has taken action, amongst other, to support electricity from renewable energy sources (RES-E) and to mitigate CO2 emissions. This paper first qualitatively discusses price- and quantity-based measures for RES-E deployment as well as CO2 mitigation. Next, a simulation model is developed to quantitatively discuss the effects of a tradable green certificate system, a premium mechanism, a tradable CO2 allowance system and a CO2 tax on both RES-E deployment and CO2 mitigation. A three-regional model implementation representing the Benelux, France and Germany is used. In a first step of simulations, all measures are implemented separately. In a second step, combinations of both RES-E supporting and CO2 mitigating measures are simulated and discussed. Significant indirect effects are demonstrated, especially for RES-E supporting measures on the reduction of CO2 emissions. Interactions between different measures show that the price level of quantity-based measures can be strongly influenced.

Cedric De Jonghe; Erik Delarue; Ronnie Belmans; William Dhaeseleer

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Measuring linac photon beam energy through EPID image analysis of physically wedged fields  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: Electronic portal imaging devices (EPIDs) have proven to be useful tools for measuring several parameters of interest in linac quality assurance (QA). However, a method for measuring linac photon beam energy using EPIDs has not previously been reported. In this report, such a method is devised and tested, based on fitting a second order polynomial to the profiles of physically wedged beams, where the metric of interest is the second order coefficient?. The relationship between ? and the beam quality index [percentage depth dose at 10 cm depth (PDD{sub 10})] is examined to produce a suitable calibration curve between these two parameters. Methods: Measurements were taken in a water-tank for beams with a range of energies representative of the local QA tolerances about the nominal value 6 MV. In each case, the beam quality was found in terms of PDD{sub 10} for 100 100 mm{sup 2} square fields. EPID images of 200 200 mm{sup 2} wedged fields were then taken for each beam and the wedge profile was fitted in MATLAB 2010b (The MathWorks, Inc., Natick, MA). ? was then plotted against PDD{sub 10} and fitted with a linear relation to produce the calibration curve. The uncertainty in ? was evaluated by taking five repeat EPID images of the wedged field for a beam of 6 MV nominal energy. The consistency of measuring ? was found by taking repeat measurements on a single linac over a three month period. The method was also tested at 10 MV by repeating the water-tank crosscalibration for a range of energies centered approximately about a 10 MV nominal value. Finally, the calibration curve from the test linac and that from a separate clinical machine were compared to test consistency of the method across machines in a matched fleet. Results: The relationship between? and PDD{sub 10} was found to be strongly linear (R{sup 2} = 0.979) while the uncertainty in ? was found to be negligible compared to that associated with measuring PDD{sub 10} in the water-tank (0.3%). The repeat measurements over a three month period showed the method to be reasonably consistent (i.e., well within the limits defined by local QA tolerances). The measurements were repeated on a matched machine and the same linear relationship between ? and PDD{sub 10} was observed. The results for both machines were found to be indistinguishable across the energy range of interest (i.e., across and close to the thresholds defined by local QA tolerances), hence a single relation could be established across a matched fleet. Finally, the experiment was repeated on both linacs at 10 MV, where the linear relationship between ? and PDD{sub 10} was again observed. Conclusions: The authors conclude that EPID image analysis of physically wedged beam profiles can be used to measure linac photon beam energy. The uncertainty in such a measurement is dominated by that associated with measuring PDD{sub 10} in the water-tank; hence, the accuracies of these two methods are directly comparable. This method provides a useful technique for quickly performing energy constancy measurements while saving significant clinical downtime for QA.

Dawoud, S. M., E-mail: samir.dawoud@leedsth.nhs.uk; Weston, S. J.; Bond, I.; Ward, G. C.; Rixham, P. A.; Mason, J.; Huckle, A. [Department of Medical Physics and Engineering, St. James Institute of Oncology, St. James University Hospital, Leeds LS9 7TF (United Kingdom)] [Department of Medical Physics and Engineering, St. James Institute of Oncology, St. James University Hospital, Leeds LS9 7TF (United Kingdom); Sykes, J. R. [Institute of Medical Physics, School of Physics, The University of Sydney, New South Wales 2006, Australia and Department of Medical Physics and Engineering, St. James Institute of Oncology, St. James University Hospital, Leeds LS9 7TF (United Kingdom)] [Institute of Medical Physics, School of Physics, The University of Sydney, New South Wales 2006, Australia and Department of Medical Physics and Engineering, St. James Institute of Oncology, St. James University Hospital, Leeds LS9 7TF (United Kingdom)

2014-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

436

Effect of Finite Spatial Resolution on the Turbulent Energy Spectrum Measured in the Coastal Ocean Bottom Boundary Layer  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The effect of finite spatial resolution on the measured energy spectrum is examined via a parametric study using in situ particle image velocimetry (PIV) measurements performed in the bottom boundary layer on the Atlantic continental shelf. Two-...

Erin E. Hackett; Luksa Luznik; Joseph Katz; Thomas R. Osborn

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Protocol for Uniformly Measuring and Expressing the Performance of Energy Storage Systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energys Energy Storage Systems (ESS) Program, through the support of Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) and Sandia National Laboratories (SNL), facilitated the development of the protocol provided in this report. The focus of the protocol is to provide a uniform way of measuring, quantifying, and reporting the performance of EESs in various applications; something that does not exist today and, as such, is hampering the consideration and use of this technology in the market. The availability of an application-specific protocol for use in measuring and expressing performance-related metrics of ESSs will allow technology developers, power-grid operators and other end-users to evaluate the performance of energy storage technologies on a uniform and comparable basis. This will help differentiate technologies and products for specific application(s) and provide transparency in how performance is measured. It also will assist utilities and other consumers of ESSs make more informed decisions as they consider the potential application and use of ESSs, as well as form the basis for documentation that might be required to justify utility investment in such technologies.

Bray, Kathryn L.; Conover, David R.; Kintner-Meyer, Michael CW; Viswanathan, Vijayganesh; Ferreira, Summer; Rose, David; Schoenwald, David

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Transverse energy measurement in sqrt{s_{NN}} = 62.4 GeV Au+Au collisions at RHIC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The transverse energy distributions ($E_{T}$) have been measured for Au + Au collisions at $\\sqrt{s_{NN}} = 62.4$ GeV by the STAR experiment at RHIC. They have been obtained from two measurements, the hadronic transverse energy ($E_{T}^{had}$) and the electromagnetic transverse energy($E_{T}^{em}$). $E_{T}^{had}$ has been measured from the tracks obtained by Time Projection Chamber (TPC) excluding the electrons and positrons. $E_{T}^{em}$ has been obtained by the STAR Barrel Electromagetic Calorimeter (BEMC) which measures the energy of electrons, positrons and photons. The measure of transverse energy gives an estimate of the energy density of the fireball produced in heavy ion collisions. $E_{T}$ per participant pair gives information about the production mechanism of particles.

Raghunath Sahoo; Subhasis Chattopadhaya; Alexandre A. P. Suaide; Marcia Maria de Moura; D. P. Mahapatra

2005-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

439

The Multiply Scattering Effect on the Energy Measurement of UHE Cosmic Rays using Atmospheric Fluorescence Technique  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Point sources in the atmosphere are surrounded by aureole because of atmospheric scattering. The properties of the time-dependent aureole radiance are calculated by use of a Monte Carlo approach and an iterative method. Since the aureole is particularly important in the ultraviolet, which is the region the Ultra-High-Energy (UHE) cosmic ray experiment using the air fluorescence technique like Fly's Eye or High-Resolution-Fly's-Eye(HiRes) are set in. The effect of the multiply scatteing on the energy measurement is studied.

Xingzhi Zhang

2000-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

440

Charge Particle Multiplicity and Transverse Energy Measurements in Au-Au collisions in PHENIX at RHIC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present results on charged particle and transverse energy densities measured at mid-rapidity in Au-Au collisions at sqrt(s_{NN})=200 GeV. The mean transverse energy per charged particle is derived. The results are presented as a function of centrality, which is defined by the number of participating nucleons, and compared to results obtained in Au-Au collisions at sqrt{s_{NN})=130 GeV. A comparison with calculations from various theoretical models is performed.

A. Bazilevsky; for the PHENIX Collaboration

2002-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mecs energy measures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

15% Above-Code Energy Efficiency Measures for Residential Buildings in Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ENERGY SYSTEMS LABORATORY Texas Engineering Experiment Station Texas A&M University System 3581 TAMU College Station, Texas 77843-3581 August 31st, 2007 To: Code Officials, Energy Raters, Manufacturers, State Agency Officials... Sides) 5.6% $160 $3,100 - $3,500 9 Improved Windows (U-factor: 0.47 to 0.42 Btu/h-sf-F, SHGC: 0.4 to 0.33) 3.4% $98 $800 - $1,100 D HVAC System Measures 12 Air Conditioner with Heat Pump (SEER 13/7.7 HSPF to SEER 15/8.5 HSPF) 4.2% $119 $1,500 - $2...

Haberl, J. S.; Culp, C.; Yazdani, B.

442

Marine and Hydrokinetic Renewable Energy Technologies: Potential Navigational Impacts and Mitigation Measures  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

On April 15, 2008, the Department of Energy (DOE) issued a Funding Opportunity Announcement for Advanced Water Power Projects which included a Topic Area for Marine and Hydrokinetic Renewable Energy Market Acceleration Projects. Within this Topic Area, DOE identified potential navigational impacts of marine and hydrokinetic renewable energy technologies and measures to prevent adverse impacts on navigation as a sub-topic area. DOE defines marine and hydrokinetic technologies as those capable of utilizing one or more of the following resource categories for energy generation: ocean waves; tides or ocean currents; free flowing water in rivers or streams; and energy generation from the differentials in ocean temperature. PCCI was awarded Cooperative Agreement DE-FC36-08GO18177 from the DOE to identify the potential navigational impacts and mitigation measures for marine hydrokinetic technologies, as summarized herein. The contract also required cooperation with the U.S. Coast Guard (USCG) and two recipients of awards (Pacific Energy Ventures and reVision) in a sub-topic area to develop a protocol to identify streamlined, best-siting practices. Over the period of this contract, PCCI and our sub-consultants, David Basco, Ph.D., and Neil Rondorf of Science Applications International Corporation, met with USCG headquarters personnel, with U.S. Army Corps of Engineers headquarters and regional personnel, with U.S. Navy regional personnel and other ocean users in order to develop an understanding of existing practices for the identification of navigational impacts that might occur during construction, operation, maintenance, and decommissioning. At these same meetings, standard and potential mitigation measures were discussed so that guidance could be prepared for project developers. Concurrently, PCCI reviewed navigation guidance published by the USCG and international community. This report summarizes the results of this effort, provides guidance in the form of a checklist for assessing the navigational impacts of potential marine and hydrokinetic projects, and provides guidance for improving the existing navigational guidance promulgated by the USCG in Navigation Vessel Inspection Circular 02 07. At the request of the USCG, our checklist and mitigation guidance was written in a generic nature so that it could be equally applied to offshore wind projects. PCCI teleconferenced on a monthly basis with DOE, Pacific Energy Ventures and reVision in order to share information and review work products. Although the focus of our effort was on marine and hydrokinetic technologies, as defined above, this effort drew upon earlier work by the USCG on offshore wind renewable energy installations. The guidance provided herein can be applied equally to marine and hydrokinetic technologies and to offshore wind, which are collectively referred to by the USCG as Renewable Energy Installations.

Cool, Richard, M.; Hudon, Thomas, J.; Basco, David, R.; Rondorf, Neil, E.

2009-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

443

Measuring the internal state of a single atom without energy exchange  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Real quantum measurements almost always cause a much stronger back action than required by the laws of quantum mechanics. In particular, free-space optical detection methods for single atoms and ions such as the shelving technique, though being among the most sensitive detection methods in quantum physics, inevitably require spontaneous scattering, even in the dispersive regime. This causes heating, a limitation for atom-based quantum information processing where it obviates straightforward reuse of the qubit. No such energy exchange is required by quantum mechanics. Here we experimentally demonstrate optical detection of an atomic qubit with significantly less than one spontaneous scattering event. We measure transmission and reflection of an optical cavity containing the atom. In addition to the qubit detection itself, we quantitatively measure how much spontaneous scattering has occurred. This allows us to relate the information gained to the amount of spontaneous emission, and we obtain a detection error below 10% while scattering less than 0.2 photons on average. Furthermore, we perform a quantum Zeno type experiment to quantify the measurement back action and find that every incident photon leads to an almost complete state collapse. Together, these results constitute a full experimental characterization of a quantum measurement in the "energy exchange-free" regime below a single spontaneous emission event. Besides its fundamental interest, this means significant simplification for proposed neutral-atom quantum computation schemes and may enable sensitive detection of molecules and atoms lacking closed transitions.

Jrgen Volz; Roger Gehr; Guilhem Dubois; Jrme Estve; Jakob Reichel

2011-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

444

Measurements of continuous mix evolution in a high energy density shear flow  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report on the novel integration of streaked radiography into a counter-flowing High Energy Density (HED) shear environment that continually measures a growing mix layer of Al separating two low-density CH foams. Measurements of the mix width allow us to validate compressible turbulence models and with streaked imaging, make this possible with a minimal number of experiments on large laser facilities. In this paper, we describe how the HED counter-flowing shear layer is created and diagnosed with streaked radiography. We then compare the streaked data to previous two-dimensional, single frame radiography and radiation hydrodynamic simulations of the experiment with inline compressible turbulent mix models.

Loomis, E., E-mail: loomis@lanl.gov; Doss, F.; Flippo, K.; Fincke, J. [Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States)] [Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States)

2014-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

445

Ultra-high energy cosmic ray investigations by means of EAS muon density measurements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A new approach to investigations of ultra-high energy cosmic rays based on the ground-level measurements of the spectra of local density of EAS muons at various zenith angles is considered. Basic features of the local muon density phenomenology are illustrated using a simple semi-analytical model. It is shown that muon density spectra are sensitive to the spectrum slope, primary composition, and to the features of hadronic interaction. New experimental data on muon bundles at zenith angles from 30 degrees to horizon obtained with the coordinate detector DECOR are compared with CORSIKA-based simulations. It is found that measurements of muon density spectra in inclined EAS give possibility to study characteristics of primary cosmic ray flux in a very wide energy range from 10^15 to 10^19 eV.

N. S. Barbashina; A. G. Bogdanov; D. V. Chernov; A. N. Dmitrieva; D. M. Gromushkin; V. V. Kindin; R. P. Kokoulin; K. G. Kompaniets; G. Mannocchi; A. A. Petrukhin; O. Saavedra; V. V. Shutenko; D. A. Timashkov; G. Trinchero; I. I. Yashin

2007-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

446

Exclusive Measurements of the b to s gamma Transition Rate and Photon Energy Spectrum  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We use 429 fb{sup -1} of e{sup +}e{sup -} collision data collected at the {Upsilon}(4S) resonance with the BABAR detector to measure the radiative transition rate of b {yields} s{gamma} with a sum of 38 exclusive final states. The inclusive branching fraction with a minimum photon energy of 1.9 GeV is found to be {Beta}({bar B} {yields} Xs{gamma}) = (3.29 {+-} 0.19 {+-} 0.48) x 10{sup -4} where the first uncertainty is statistical and the second is systematic. We also measure the first and second moments of the photon energy spectrum and extract the best fit values for the heavy-quark parameters, m{sub b} and {mu}{sub {pi}}{sup 2}, in the kinetic and shape function models.

Lees, J.P.; Poireau, V.; Tisserand, V.; /Annecy, LAPP; Garra Tico, J.; Grauges, E.; /Barcelona U., ECM; Palano, A.; /Bari U. /INFN, Bari; Eigen, G.; Stugu, B.; /Bergen U.; Brown, David Nathan; Kerth, L.T.; Kolomensky, Yu.G.; Lynch, G.; /LBL, Berkeley /UC, Berkeley; Koch, H.; Schroeder, T.; /Ruhr U., Bochum; Asgeirsson, D.J.; Hearty, C.; Mattison, T.S.; McKenna, J.A.; /British Columbia U.; Khan, A.; /Brunel U.; Blinov, V.E.; Buzykaev, A.R.; /Novosibirsk, IYF /UC, Irvine /UC, Riverside /UC, Santa Barbara /UC, Santa Cruz /Caltech /Cincinnati U. /Colorado U. /Colorado State U. /Dortmund U. /Dresden, Tech. U. /Ecole Polytechnique /Edinburgh U. /Ferrara U. /INFN, Ferrara /Frascati /Genoa U. /INFN, Genoa /Indian Inst. Tech., Guwahati /Harvard U. /Harvey Mudd Coll. /Heidelberg U. /Humboldt U., Berlin /Imperial Coll., London /Iowa State U. /Iowa State U. /Johns Hopkins U. /Orsay, LAL /LLNL, Livermore /Liverpool U. /Queen Mary, U. of London /Royal Holloway, U. of London /Louisville U. /Mainz U., Inst. Kernphys. /Manchester U., Comp. Sci. Dept. /Maryland U. /Massachusetts U., Amherst /MIT /McGill U. /Milan U. /INFN, Milan /Mississippi U. /Montreal U. /Naples U. /INFN, Naples /NIKHEF, Amsterdam /Notre Dame U. /Ohio State U.; /more authors..

2012-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

447

Improve Industrial Temperature Measurement Precision for Cost-Effective Energy Usage  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Industrial Energy Technology Conference, Houston, TX, May 12-13, 1999 THERMOCOUPLE AND RTD SENSORS In the process and utility industries, temperature measurements must often be made in a remote location and transmitted to a central control system. Various... in some detail in Chemical Engineering, May 1990, pages 114 - 125.) Various devices are then used with these sensors to transmit the data to the central control system. These transmitting devices are two, three or four-wire electronic transmitters...

Lewis, C. W.

448

Minimal Energy Cost for Thermodynamic Information Processing: Measurement and Information Erasure  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The fundamental lower bounds of the thermodynamic energy cost (work) needed for the measurement and the erasure of information are found. The lower bound for the erasure vindicates the "Landauer's principle" for a special case, but otherwise implies its breakdown, indicating that no unique relationship exists between logical reversibility and physical one. Our results constitute the second law of "information thermodynamics", in which the information content and thermodynamic variables are treated on an equal footing.

Takahiro Sagawa; Masahito Ueda

2008-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

449

Protocol for uniformly measuring and expressing the performance of energy storage systems.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy's Energy Storage Systems (ESS) Program, through the support of Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) and Sandia National Laboratories (SNL), facilitated the development of the protocol provided in this report. The focus of the protocol is to provide a uniform way of measuring, quantifying, and reporting the performance of ESSs in various applications; something that does not exist today and, as such, is hampering the consideration and use of this technology in the market. The availability of an application-specific protocol for use in measuring and expressing performance-related metrics of ESSs will allow technology developers, power-grid operators and other end-users to evaluate the performance of energy storage technologies on a uniform and comparable basis. This will help differentiate technologies and products for specific application(s) and provide transparency in how performance is measured. It also will assist utilities and other consumers of ESSs to make more informed decisions as they consider the potential application and use of ESSs, as well as form the basis for documentation that might be required to justify utility investment in such technologies.

Ferreira, Summer Rhodes; Rose, David Martin; Schoenwald, David Alan; Bray, Kathy [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA; Conover, David [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA; Kintner-Meyer, Michael [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA; Viswanathan, Vilayanur [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Measurement of Exterior Foundation Insulation to Assess Durability in Energy-Saving Performance  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The foundation of a house is a sometimes ignored component of the building because of its low visibility. It is increasingly evident, however, that attention to good foundation design and construction significantly benefits the homeowner and the builder by mitigating future problems. Good foundation design and construction practice involves not only insulating to save energy but also providing effective structural design as well as moisture, termite, and radon control techniques as appropriate. Energy efficiency in housing is augmented by use of exterior slab and basement insulation, but high moisture content in the insulation material has led to concerns about its durability. The activity under this task was to extract six different exterior insulation systems that were characterized at installation and have been in the ground for 9 months to 15 years. R-value and moisture content were measured and inspections conducted for evidence of termite intrusion or deterioration. Based on the results, the durability of the various systems has been documented and assessments made of which systems appear to be best practice. Heat flux and temperature measurement data had been archived for some of the exterior insulation tests, thereby providing a unique opportunity to assess energy-saving performance and durability over the long term. The results show that the durability of foundation insulation systems depends on insulation type as well as on foundation type and local boundary conditions, the latter of which may have a marked influence on the durability of energy-saving performance.

Kehrer, Manfred [ORNL; Christian, Jeff [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL)

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Derived Annual Estimates of Manufacturing Energy Consumption, 1974-1988  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Manufacturing > Derived Annual Estimates - Executive Summary Manufacturing > Derived Annual Estimates - Executive Summary Derived Annual Estimates of Manufacturing Energy Consumption, 1974-1988 Figure showing Derived Estimates Executive Summary This report presents a complete series of annual estimates of purchased energy used by the manufacturing sector of the U.S. economy, for the years 1974 to 1988. These estimates interpolate over gaps in the actual data collections, by deriving estimates for the missing years 1982-84 and 1986-87. For the purposes of this report, "purchased" energy is energy brought from offsite for use at manufacturing establishments, whether the energy is purchased from an energy vendor or procured from some other source. The actual data on purchased energy comes from two sources, the U.S. Department of Commerce Bureau of the Census's Annual Survey of Manufactures (ASM) and EIA's Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey (MECS). The ASM provides annual estimates for the years 1974 to 1981. However, in 1982 (and subsequent years) the scope of the ASM energy data was reduced to collect only electricity consumption and expenditures and total expenditures for other purchased energy. In 1985, EIA initiated the triennial MECS collecting complete energy data. The series equivalent to the ASM is referred to in the MECS as "offsite-produced fuels." The completed annual series for 1974 to 1988 developed in this report links the ASM and MECS "offsite" series, estimating for the missing years. Estimates are provided for the manufacturing sector as a whole and at the two-digit Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) level for total energy consumption and for the consumption of individual fuels. There are no direct sources of data for the missing years (1982-1984 and 1986-1987). To derive consumption estimates, a comparison was made between the ASM, MECS, and other economic series to see whether there were any good predictors for the missing data. Various estimation schemes were analyzed to fill in the gaps in data after 1981 by trying to match known data for the 1974 to 1981 period.

452

Measurement  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of the incoming signals from the nine detectors The pulse height peaks correspond to the energy deposited by vertical muons traveling straight through the detectors Katherine...

453

MEASURED ENERGY PERFORMANCE OF ENERGY-EFFICIENT NEW COMMERCIAL BUILDINGS: RESULTS FROM THE BECA-CN DATA COMPILATION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and energy usage for 133 buildings in the BECA-CN (Buildings Energy-Use Compilation and Analysis - part CN: New Energy-Efficient Commercial

Piette, M.A.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

MEASURED ENERGY PERFORMANCE OF ENERGY-EFFICIENT NEW COMMERCIAL BUILDINGS: RESULTS FROM THE BECA-CN DATA COMPILATION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

enabling us to correct for the energy consumption of thesehigh energy consumption; current monitoring will enable usU.S. Department of Energy, Nonrcsidential Building6 Encrgy Consumption

Piette, M.A.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Measurements of neutrons produced by high-energy muons at the Boulby Underground Laboratory  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present the first measurements of the muon-induced neutron flux at the Boulby Underground Laboratory. The experiment was carried out with an 0.73 tonne liquid scintillator that also served as an anticoincidence system for the ZEPLIN-II direct dark matter search. The experimental method exploited the delayed coincidences between high-energy muon signals and gamma-rays from radiative neutron capture on hydrogen or other elements. The muon-induced neutron rate, defined as the average number of detected neutrons per detected muon, was measured as 0.079 0.003 (stat.) neutrons/muon using neutron-capture signals above 0.55MeV in a time window of 40190?s after the muon trigger. Accurate Monte Carlo simulations of the neutron production, transport and detection in a precisely modeled laboratory and experimental setup using the GEANT4 toolkit gave a result 1.8 times higher than the measured value. The difference greatly exceeds all statistical and systematic uncertainties. As the vast majority of neutrons detected in the current setup were produced in lead we evaluated from our measurements the neutron yield in lead as ( 1.31 0.06 ) 10 - 3 neutrons/muon/(g/cm2) for a mean muon energy of about 260GeV.

H.M. Arajo; J. Blockley; C. Bungau; M.J. Carson; H. Chagani; E. Daw; B. Edwards; C. Ghag; E.V. Korolkova; V.A. Kudryavtsev; P.K. Lightfoot; A. Lindote; I. Liubarsky; R. Lscher; P. Majewski; K. Mavrokoridis; J.E. McMillan; A.St.J. Murphy; S.M. Paling; J. Pinto da Cunha; R.M. Preece; M. Robinson; N.J.T. Smith; P.F. Smith; N.J.C. Spooner; T.J. Sumner; R.J. Walker; H. Wang; J. White

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Measurements of neutrons produced by high-energy muons at the Boulby Underground Laboratory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present the first measurements of the muon-induced neutron flux at the Boulby Underground Laboratory. The experiment was carried out with an 0.73 tonne liquid scintillator that also served as an anticoincidence system for the ZEPLIN-II direct dark matter search. The experimental method exploited the delayed coincidences between high-energy muon signals and gamma-rays from radiative neutron capture on hydrogen or other elements. The muon-induced neutron rate, defined as the average number of detected neutrons per detected muon, was measured as $0.079 \\pm 0.003$ (stat.) neutrons/muon using neutron-capture signals above 0.55 MeV in a time window of 40-190 $\\mu$s after the muon trigger. Accurate Monte Carlo simulations of the neutron production, transport and detection in a precisely modeled laboratory and experimental setup using the GEANT4 toolkit gave a result 1.8 times higher than the measured value. The difference greatly exceeds all statistical and systematic uncertainties. As the vast majority of neutrons detected in the current setup were produced in lead we evaluated from our measurements the neutron yield in lead as $(1.31 \\pm 0.06) \\times 10^{-3}$ neutrons/muon/(g/cm$^2$) for a mean muon energy of about 260 GeV.

H. M. Araujo; J. Blockley; C. Bungau; M. J. Carson; H. Chagani; E. Daw; B. Edwards; C. Ghag; E. V. Korolkova; V. A. Kudryavtsev; P. K. Lightfoot; A. Lindote; I. Liubarsky; R. Luscher; P. Majewski; K. Mavrokoridis; J. E. McMillan; A. St. J. Murphy; S. M. Paling; J. Pinto da Cunha; R. M. Preece; M. Robinson; N. J. T. Smith; P. F. Smith; N. J. C. Spooner; T. J. Sumner; R. J. Walker; H. Wang; J. White

2008-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

457

The WiggleZ Dark Energy Survey: measuring the cosmic growth rate with the two-point galaxy correlation function  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......research-article Article The WiggleZ Dark Energy Survey: measuring the cosmic growth...galaxy redshifts from the WiggleZ Dark Energy Survey. We divide the data into four...correlation function of the WiggleZ Dark Energy Survey (hereafter WiggleZ; Drinkwater......

Carlos Contreras; Chris Blake; Gregory B. Poole; Felipe Marin; Sarah Brough; Matthew Colless; Warrick Couch; Scott Croom; Darren Croton; Tamara M. Davis; Michael J. Drinkwater; Karl Forster; David Gilbank; Mike Gladders; Karl Glazebrook; Ben Jelliffe; Russell J. Jurek; I-hui Li; Barry Madore; D. Christopher Martin; Kevin Pimbblet; Michael Pracy; Rob Sharp; Emily Wisnioski; David Woods; Ted K. Wyder; H. K. C. Yee

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Global analysis of Fo rster resonance energy transfer in live cells measured by fluorescence lifetime imaging microscopy exploiting  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Global analysis of Fo¨ rster resonance energy transfer in live cells measured by fluorescence of Fo¨ rster resonance energy transfer (FRET) in live cells using the rise time of acceptor fluorescence those molecules that are involved in the energy-transfer process are monitored. This contrasts

van Stokkum, Ivo

459

Proceedings of the International Energy Agency Conference on Pyranometer Measurements: Final Report; 16 - 20 March 1981, Boulder, Colorado  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A conference of pyranometry measurement experts from seven nations was held 16-20 March 1981 in Boulder, Colorado, USA, under the auspices of the International Energy Agency, the United States Department of Energy, and the Solar Energy Research Institute. This report documents the technical presentations, background, and the results and recommendations of the conference.

Riches, M. R.; Stoffel, T. L.; Wells, C. V.

1982-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Measurement of energy deposited by charged-particle beams in composite targets  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have measured the energy deposited in two types of composite targets by a number of charged-particle beams: targets made of /sup 238/U, Lucite, and polyethylene were exposed to 0.26-GeV protons and 0.33-GeV deuterons, and aluminum-Lucite composites were exposed to 0.5-GeV electrons. In addition, we measured neutrons and gamma rays emitted from solid targets of various materials (including /sup 238/U and iron) exposed to 0.26-GeV protons and 0.33-GeV deuterons. We used passive detectors (thermoluminescence dosimeters, Lexan fission track recorders, and photographic emulsions) to measure the nonfission dose and the fission-fragment dose from the primary beam and its shower of products. Measurements were made at various depths and radial positions in the targets. Plots and numerical values of the measured doses are presented. The emission of neutrons and gamma rays was measured with a liquid-deuterated-benzene detector. In general, the dose profile with depth is similar for 0.26-GeV protons and 0.33-GeV deuterons. The ratio of return neutrons to gamma rays increases with increasing target mass number. Deuterons, however, produce from 1.7 to 5.8 times as many neutrons and gamma rays per particle as do protons.

Farley, E.; Becker, J.; Crase, K.; Howe, R.; Selway, D.

1980-07-02T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mecs energy measures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Radiation from a uniformly accelerated particle detector: Energy, particles, and the quantum measurement process  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We comment on the controversy whether a uniformly accelerated particle detector radiates. We stress the particular importance of the built-up correlations and of the quantum measurement process in this connection. We give the question the following form: We assume that the initial state of the quantum field is the Minkowski vacuum and that there is a uniformly accelerated two-level system which is initially in its ground state. What will in this case be found in the different regions of asymptotic future null infinity for the mean value of the field energy density on one hand and of the Minkowski particle number on the other if in the out region (a) no measurement is made on the two-level system, (b) the measurement finds the two-level system in its upper state, or (c) in its lower state? To obtain localized statements, we base the calculations on wave packet states. The different cases show essential differences.

Jrgen Audretsch and Rainer Mller

1994-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

462

Evaluation, Measurement, and Verification (EM&V) of Residential Behavior-Based Energy Efficiency Programs: Issues and Recommendations  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Evaluation, Measurement, Evaluation, Measurement, and Verification (EM&V) of Residential Behavior-Based Energy Efficiency Programs: Issues and Recommendations This information was developed as a product of the State and Local Energy Efficiency Action Network (SEE Action), facilitated by the U.S. Department of Energy/U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Content does not imply an endorsement by individuals or organizations that are part of SEE Action working groups, or reflect the views, policies, or otherwise of the federal government.

463

Exotic Low Density Fermion States in the Two Measures Field Theory: Neutrino Dark Energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study a new field theory effect in the cosmological context in the Two Measures Field Theory (TMT). TMT is an alternative gravity and matter field theory where the gravitational interaction of fermionic matter is reduced to that of General Relativity when the energy density of the fermion matter is much larger than the dark energy density. In this case also the 5-th force problem is solved automatically. In the opposite limit, where the magnitudes of fermionic energy density and scalar field dark energy density become comparable, nonrelativistic fermions can participate in the cosmological expansion in a very unusual manner. Some of the features of such states in a toy model of the late time universe filled with homogeneous scalar field and uniformly distributed nonrelativistic neutrinos: neutrino mass increases as m ~ a^{3/2}; the neutrino gas equation-of-state approaches w=-1, i.e. neutrinos behave as a sort of dark energy; the total (scalar field + neutrino) equation-of-state also approaches w=-1; the t...

Guendelman, E I

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

The Need to Measure Low Energy Anti-Neutrinos (E < 0.782MeV) from the Sun  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Measurements are needed of low energy, anti-neutrinos generated by possible neutron decay at the core of the Sun. The measurement will test the validity of a proposal that solar luminosity, neutrinos, and the solar wind are products of a chain of reactions triggered by neutron emission from the solar core. Inverse beta-decay of 87-day S-35, induced by capture of low-energy anti-neutrinos on Cl-35, is a likely candidate for this measurement.

O. Manuel

2004-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

465

Measurement  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

localization that limits the present measurements. The knowledge thus gained will have input not only to fusion research, but to may ques- tions of basic plasma physics....

466

Measurement  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

in the Department of Physics & Astronomy. Chapel Hill 2005 Approved: A. E. Champagne, Advisor J. C. Blackmon, Reader C. Iliadis, Reader ABSTRACT Ryan P. Fitzgerald: Measurement of...

467

Recommendations for 15% Above-Code Energy Efficiency Measures on Implementing Houston Amendments to Multifamily Residential Buildings in Houston, Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

categories were then chosen to form group measures whose combined energy savings is above 15%. Six group measures were simulated for the electric/gas base case building and five group measures for the all-electric base case building. The cost of implementing...

Mukhopadhyay, Jaya; Liu, Zi; Malhotra, Mini; Kota, Sandeep; Blake, Sheila; Haberl, Jeff; Culp, Charles; Yazdani, Bahman

468

Recommendations for 15% Above-Code Energy Efficiency Measures on Implementing Houston Amendments to Multifamily Residential Buildings in Houston Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

categories were then chosen to form group measures whose combined energy savings is above 15%. Six group measures were simulated for the electric/gas base case building and five group measures for the all-electric base case building. The cost of implementing...

Mukhopadhyay, J.; Liu, Z.; Malhotra, M.; Kota, S.; Blake, S.; Haberl, J.; Culp, C.; Yazdani, B.

469

Boundary displacement measurements using multi-energy soft x-rays  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Multi-Energy Soft X-ray (ME-SXR) system on NSTX provides radial profiles of soft X-ray emission, measured through a set of filters with varying thickness, which have been used to reconstruct the electron temperature on fast time scales (?10?kHz). In addition to this functionality, here we show that the ME-SXR system can be used to measure the boundary displacement of the NSTX plasma with a few mm spatial resolution during magnetohydrodyamic (MHD) activity. Boundary displacement measurements can serve to inform theoretical predictions of neoclassical toroidal viscosity, and will be used to investigate other edge phenomena on NSTX-U. For example, boundary measurements using filtered SXR measurements can provide information on pedestal steepness and dynamic evolution leading up to and during edge localized modes (ELMs). Future applications include an assessment of a simplified, filtered SXR edge detection system as well as its suitability for real-time non-magnetic boundary feedback for ELMs, MHD, and equilibrium position control.

Tritz, K., E-mail: ktritz@pppl.gov; Stutman, D. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland 21218 (United States); Diallo, A.; LeBlanc, B. P. [Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, Princeton, New Jersey 08543 (United States); Sabbagh, S. [Department of Applied Physics and Mathematics, Columbia University, New York City, New York 10027 (United States)

2014-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

470

An Assessment of Envelope Measures in Mild Climate Deep Energy Retrofits  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Energy end-uses and interior comfort conditions have been monitored in 11 Deep Energy Retrofits (DERs) in a mild marine climate. Two broad categories of DER envelope were identified: first, bringing homes up to current code levels of insulation and airtightness, and second, enhanced retrofits that go beyond these code requirements. The efficacy of envelope measures in DERs was difficult to determine, due to the intermingled effects of enclosure improvements, HVAC system upgrades and changes in interior comfort conditions. While energy reductions in these project homes could not be assigned to specific improvements, the combined effects of changes in enclosure, HVAC system and comfort led to average heating energy reductions of 76percent (12,937 kWh) in the five DERs with pre-retrofit data, or 80percent (5.9 kWh/ft2) when normalized by floor area. Overall, net-site energy reductions averaged 58percent (15,966 kWh; n=5), and DERs with code-style envelopes achieved average net-site energy reductions of 65percent (18,923 kWh; n=4). In some homes, the heating energy reductions were actually larger than the whole house reductions that were achieved, which suggests that substantial additional energy uses were added to the home during the retrofit that offset some heating savings. Heating system operation and energy use was shown to vary inconsistently with outdoor conditions, suggesting that most DERs were not thermostatically controlled and that occupants were engaged in managing the indoor environmental conditions. Indoor temperatures maintained in these DERs were highly variable, and no project home consistently provided conditions within the ASHRAE Standard 55-2010 heating season comfort zone. Thermal comfort and heating system operation had a large impact on performance and were found to depend upon the occupant activities, so DERs should be designed with the occupants needs and patterns of consumption in mind. Beyond-code building envelopes were not found to be strictly necessary for the achievement of deep energy savings in existing uninsulated homes in mild marine climates, provided that other energy end-uses were comprehensively reduced. We recommend that mild climate DERs pursue envelopes in compliance with the 2012 International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) and pair these with high efficiency, off-the-shelf HVAC equipment. Enhanced building envelopes should be considered in cases where very low heating energy use (<1,000 kWh/year or <0.5 kWh/ft2-year) and enhanced thermal comfort (ASHRAE 55-2010) are required, as well as in those situations where substantial energy uses are added to the home, such as decorative lighting, cooling or smart home A/V and communication equipment.

Walker, Iain; Less, Brennan

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Ranking cost effective energy conservation measures for heating in Hellenic residential buildings  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Residential buildings comprise the biggest segment of the European building stock and they are responsible for the majority of the building's sector energy consumption and CO2 emissions. This paper documents the potential benefits and sets the priorities of individual energy conservation measures (ECMs) to reduce heating energy consumption in Hellenic residential buildings, including space heating and domestic hot water production. The analysis is facilitated by using the available Hellenic typology for residential buildings that consists of 24 typical buildings, derived after a classification in three construction periods, two building sizes and four climate zones. The focus is mainly on the implementation of \\{ECMs\\} that have low first-cost investment and short payback period. In order to prioritize \\{ECMs\\} that would be most attractive to building owners, two ranking criteria are used, namely primary heating energy savings and payback period. Finally, the preliminary results are used to provide an insight on the potential abatement of CO2 emissions for the national residential building stock.

K.G. Droutsa; S. Kontoyiannidis; E.G. Dascalaki; C.A. Balaras

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Summary of energy flow measurements and calculations made on the INCE standard test structures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In 1996 a series of standard test structures was conceived and manufactured by members of the Institute of Noise Control Engineering (INCE) [Cuschieri Burroughs and Carroll Evaluation of Structure?Borne Noise Prediction Techniques Review Proceedings of Noise?Con 98 April 1998 pp. 315320]. The structures include a Lexan T?shaped beam and two ribbed panels of identical geometries but different materials: aluminum and lexan. In subsequent years a wide variety of investigators from the U.S. and around the world have conducted experimental and numerical studies on the test structures particularly on energy flow parameters such as power input power dissipation and power flow. Most of the studies have been performed at low frequencies and have shown phenomena such as the conversion of flexural wave power to longitudinal wave power at the T?beam joint and the nature of the structural intensity fields in the ribbed panels. Measurements and computations compare well. At high frequencies Statistical Energy Analysis (SEA) techniques have shown that energy tends to become trapped in the drive leg of the T?beam. SEA studies on the ribbed panels show that the Lexan panel transmits less energy across the ribs than the aluminum panel does due primarily to differences in material loss factor.

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Towards an extension of 1905 relativistic dynamics with a variable rest mass measuring potential energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

From a rigorous historic analysis of 1686 I. Newton and 1905 A. Einstein works where the last derived the universal mass-energy relationship, it is concluded that rest mass measures potential energy. From the same formula used to obtain that relation, it is derived the ratio Total Energy/Potential Energy is equal to the gamma relativistic factor. It is derived a formula for the variation of a body rest mass with its position in a gravity field, explaining with it the behavior of an atomic clock. It is revised the bodies free fall in a gravitational field, finding that a constant total mass is equal to the gravitational mass, while the variable rest mass is equal to the inertial mass, maintaining all an identical behavior independent of their masses. A revision of the E\\"otv\\"os experiment concludes that it is unable to detect the found difference between inertial and gravitational mass. Applying the extended 1905 relativistic dynamics to Mercury, its perihelion shift is determined; it is concluded with the convenience to continue its development, what can imply a revision of Physics since 1905 with important results in the unification of natural forces and other open problems.

Rafael A. Valls Hidalgo-Gato

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

474

Dual-Readout Calorimetry for High-Quality Energy Measurements. Final Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document constitutes the final report on the project Dual-Readout Calorimetry for High-Quality Energy Measurements. The project was carried out by a consortium of US and Italian physicists, led by Dr. Richard Wigmans (Texas tech University). This consortium built several particle detectors and tested these at the European Center for Nuclear Research (CERN) in Geneva, Switzerland. The idea arose to use scintillating crystals as dual-readout calorimeters. Such crystals were of course already known to provide excellent energy resolution for the detection of particles developing electromagnetic (em) showers. The efforts to separate the signals from scintillating crystals into scintillation and Cerenkov components led to four different methods by which this could be accomplished. These methods are based on a) the directionality, b) spectral differences, c) the time structure, and d) the polarization of the signals.

Wigmans, Richard; Nural, Akchurin

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Gaussian process modeling for measurement and verification of building energy savings  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present a Gaussian process (GP) modeling framework to determine energy savings and uncertainty levels in measurement and verification (M&V) practices. Existing M&V guidelines provide savings calculation procedures based on linear regression techniques that are limited in their predictive and uncertainty estimation capabilities. We demonstrate that, unlike linear regression, GP models can capture complex nonlinear and multivariable interactions as well as multiresolution trends of energy behavior. In addition, because GP models are developed under a Bayesian setting, they can capture different sources of uncertainty in a more systematic way. We demonstrate that these capabilities can ultimately lead to significantly less expensive M&V practices. We illustrate the developments using simulated and real data settings.

Yeonsook Heo; Victor M. Zavala

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Using rf impedance probe measurements to determine plasma potential and the electron energy distribution  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Earlier work has demonstrated the usefulness of a network analyzer in plasma diagnostics using spherical probes in the thin sheath limit. The rf signal applied to the probe by the network analyzer is small in magnitude compared to probe bias voltages, and the instrument returns both real and imaginary parts of the complex plasma impedance as a function of frequency for given bias voltages. This information can be used to determine sheath resistance, sheath density profiles, and a technique for measuring electron temperature. The present work outlines a method for finding plasma potential and the electron energy distribution within a limited energy range. The results are compared to those using conventional Langmuir probe techniques. The rf method has general application to diverse areas of plasma investigations when the plasma is uniform and probe dimensions are much less than the size of the plasma. These applications include laboratory and space environments.

Walker, D. N. [Global Strategies Group, Inc., Crofton, Maryland 21114 (United States); Fernsler, R. F.; Blackwell, D. D.; Amatucci, W. E. [Plasma Physics Division, Naval Research Laboratory, 4555 Overlook Ave., Washington, DC 20375 (United States)

2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

477

Measurement of neutron capture on $^{48}$Ca at thermal and thermonuclear energies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

At the Karlsruhe pulsed 3.75\\,MV Van de Graaff accelerator the thermonuclear $^{48}$Ca(n,$\\gamma$)$^{49}$Ca(8.72\\,min) cross section was measured by the fast cyclic activation technique via the 3084.5\\,keV $\\gamma$-ray line of the $^{49}$Ca-decay. Samples of CaCO$_3$ enriched in $^{48}$Ca by 77.87\\,\\% were irradiated between two gold foils which served as capture standards. The capture cross-section was measured at the neutron energies 25, 151, 176, and 218\\,keV, respectively. Additionally, the thermal capture cross-section was measured at the reactor BR1 in Mol, Belgium, via the prompt and decay $\\gamma$-ray lines using the same target material. The $^{48}$Ca(n,$\\gamma$)$^{49}$Ca cross-section in the thermonuclear and thermal energy range has been calculated using the direct-capture model combined with folding potentials. The potential strengths are adjusted to the scattering length and the binding energies of the final states in $^{49}$Ca. The small coherent elastic cross section of $^{48}$Ca+n is explained through the nuclear Ramsauer effect. Spectroscopic factors of $^{49}$Ca have been extracted from the thermal capture cross-section with better accuracy than from a recent (d,p) experiment. Within the uncertainties both results are in agreement. The non-resonant thermal and thermonuclear experimental data for this reaction can be reproduced using the direct-capture model. A possible interference with a resonant contribution is discussed. The neutron spectroscopic factors of $^{49}$Ca determined from shell-model calculations are compared with the values extracted from the experimental cross sections for $^{48}$Ca(d,p)$^{49}$Ca and $^{48}$Ca(n,$\\gamma$)$^{49}$Ca.

H. Beer; C. Coceva; P. V. Sedyshev; Yu. P. Popov; H. Herndl; R. Hofinger; P. Mohr; H. Oberhummer

1996-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

478

Moments of the photon energy spectrum from $B\\to X_s ?$ decays measured by Belle  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report preliminary measurements of the first (mean) and second moment (variance) of the inclusive photon energy spectrum in $B\\to X_s\\gamma$ decays, for threshold values of the photon energy in the range 1.8--2.3 GeV as measured in the rest frame of the $B$-meson. These results are obtained from the Belle measurement of the spectrum, which used a data set consisting of 152 million $B\\bar{B}$ pairs collected by the Belle detector at the KEKB asymmetric-energy electron-positron collider operated on the $\\Upsilon(4S)$ resonance.

Belle Collaboration

2005-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

479

Role of performance measures in reengineering U.S. Department of Energy`s management of environmental management programs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site (Rocky Flats) contributed to America`s defense up to the end of the Cold War. It is one of several large US Department of Energy (DOE) nuclear industrial facilities, currently undergoing cleanup and closure. The Site was constructed in a sparsely populated area along the Rocky Mountain Foothills, near Denver, in 1952. In the 45 years since, Denver has grown to a major metropolitan area. Over 2 million people live within the Site`s 50-mile radius. The Site is directly upstream of water supplies that serve over 300,000 people. As a result, accelerated cleanup, consolidation, reuse, and closure of the Site are the current essentials. The Site has had three management and operating (M and O) contractors since inception. In keeping with the shift in the Site`s paradigm from one of weapon-parts production program to cleanup and closure project, DOE changed its contracting philosophy for the Site from the M and O type of contract to a Performance-based Incentive Fee Integrating Management contract (PBIF IMC). Doe selected the Site`s fourth contractor as an IMC contractor in July 1995. Kaiser-Hill Company L.L.C. was awarded the contract and assumed IMC responsibility for the Site on July 1, 1995. Integral to this contract is the establishment and implementation of a performance measures system. Performance measures are the bases for incentives that motivate the IMC and the subcontractors working at Rocky Flats. This paper provides an overview of Performance Measures system practiced at Rocky Flats from July 1995 to December 1995. Also described are the developments in reengineering during the July 1995--March 1996 interval.

Murthy, K.S.; Harroun, W.P.

1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

High-energy x-ray diffractometer for nondestructive strain depth profile measurement  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We describe a lab-based high-energy x-ray diffraction system and a new approach to nondestructively measuring strain profiles in polycrystalline samples. This technique utilizes the tungsten K{sub ?1} characteristic radiation from a standard industrial x-ray tube. We introduce a simulation model that is used to determine strain values from data collected with this system. Examples of depth profiling are shown for shot peened aluminum and titanium samples. Profiles to 1 mm depth in aluminum and 300 ?m depth in titanium with a depth resolution of 20 ?m are presented.

Al-Shorman, M. Y. [Department of Physics, Yarmouk University, 21163 Irbid (Jordan)] [Department of Physics, Yarmouk University, 21163 Irbid (Jordan); Jensen, T. C.; Gray, J. N. [Center for Nondestructive Evaluation, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50011 (United States)] [Center for Nondestructive Evaluation, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50011 (United States)

2013-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mecs energy measures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Can neutrino mass be measured in low-energy electron capture decay?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The standard kinematic method for determining neutrino mass from the beta decay of tritium or other isotope is to measure the shape of the electron spectrum near the endpoint. It has been known for 30 years that a similar distortion of the "visible energy" remaining after electron capture is caused by neutrino mass. There has been a resurgence of interest in using this method with 163-Ho. Recent theoretical analyses offer reassurance that there are no significant theoretical uncertainties. We show that the situation is, however, more complicated, and that the spectrum shape is presently not well enough understood to permit a sensitive determination of the neutrino mass in this way.

Robertson, R G H

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

Constraining Low-Energy Proton Capture on Beryllium-7 through Charge Radius Measurements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper, we point out that a measurement of the charge radius of Boron-8 provides indirect access to the S-factor for radiative proton capture on Beryllium-7 at low energies. We use leading-order halo effective field theory to explore this correlation and we give a relation between the charge radius and the S-factor. Furthermore, we present important technical aspects relevant to the renormalization of pointlike P-wave interactions in the presence of a repulsive Coulomb interaction.

Emil Ryberg; Christian Forssn; H. -W. Hammer; Lucas Platter

2014-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

483

The Uniform Methods Project: Methods for Determining Energy Efficiency Savings for Specific Measures: January 2012 - March 2013  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Contract No. DE-AC36-08GO28308 The Uniform Methods Project: Methods for Determining Energy Efficiency Savings for Specific Measures January 2012 - March 2013 Tina Jayaweera Hossein Haeri The Cadmus Group Portland, Oregon NREL Technical Monitor: Charles Kurnik Subcontract Report NREL/SR-7A30-53827 April 2013 NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy, operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC. National Renewable Energy Laboratory 15013 Denver West Parkway Golden, Colorado 80401 303-275-3000 * www.nrel.gov Contract No. DE-AC36-08GO28308 The Uniform Methods Project: Methods for Determining Energy Efficiency Savings for Specific Measures

484

Measurement of D* photoproduction at three different centre-of-mass energies at HERA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The photoproduction of $D^{*\\pm}$ mesons has been measured with the ZEUS detector at HERA at three different ep centre-of-mass energies, $\\sqrt{s}$, of 318, 251 and 225 GeV. For each data set, $D^*$ mesons were required to have transverse momentum, $p_T^{D^*}$, and pseudorapidity, $\\eta^{D^*}$, in the ranges $1.9 < p_T^{D^*} < 20$ GeV and $|\\eta^{D^*}|<1.6$. The events were required to have a virtuality of the incoming photon, $Q^2$, of less than 1 GeV$^2$. The dependence on $\\sqrt{s}$ was studied by normalising to the high-statistics measurement at $\\sqrt{s} =318$ GeV. This led to the cancellation of a number of systematic effects both in data and theory. Predictions from next-to-leading-order QCD describe the $\\sqrt{s}$ dependence of the data well.

ZEUS Collaboration; H. Abramowicz; I. Abt; L. Adamczyk; M. Adamus; R. Aggarwal; S. Antonelli; O. Arslan; V. Aushev; Y. Aushev; O. Bachynska; A. N. Barakbaev; N. Bartosik; O. Behnke; J. Behr; U. Behrens; A. Bertolin; S. Bhadra; I. Bloch; V. Bokhonov; E. G. Boos; K. Borras; I. Brock; R. Brugnera; A. Bruni; B. Brzozowska; P. J. Bussey; A. Caldwell; M. Capua; C. D. Catterall; J. Chwastowski; J. Ciborowski; R. Ciesielski; A. M. Cooper-Sarkar; M. Corradi; F. Corriveau; G. D'Agostini; R. K. Dementiev; R. C. E. Devenish; G. Dolinska; V. Drugakov; S. Dusini; J. Ferrando; J. Figiel; B. Foster; G. Gach; A. Garfagnini; A. Geiser; A. Gizhko; L. K. Gladilin; O. Gogota; Yu. A. Golubkov; J. Grebenyuk; I. Gregor; G. Grzelak; O. Gueta; M. Guzik; W. Hain; G. Hartner; D. Hochman; R. Hori; Z. A. Ibrahim; Y. Iga; M. Ishitsuka; A. Iudin; F. Januschek; I. Kadenko; S. Kananov; T. Kanno; U. Karshon; M. Kaur; P. Kaur; L. A. Khein; D. Kisielewska; R. Klanner; U. Klein; N. Kondrashova; O. Kononenko; Ie. Korol; I. A. Korzhavina; A. Kotanski; U. Kotz; N. Kovalchuk; H. Kowalski; O. Kuprash; M. Kuze; B. B. Levchenko; A. Levy; V. Libov; S. Limentani; M. Lisovyi; E. Lobodzinska; W. Lohmann; B. Lohr; E. Lohrmann; A. Longhin; D. Lontkovskyi; O. Yu. Lukina; J. Maeda; I. Makarenko; J. Malka; J. F. Martin; S. Mergelmeyer; F. Mohamad Idris; K. Mujkic; V. Myronenko; K. Nagano; A. Nigro; T. Nobe; D. Notz; R. J. Nowak; K. Olkiewicz; Yu. Onishchuk; E. Paul; W. Perlanski; H. Perrey; N. S. Pokrovskiy; A. S. Proskuryakov; M. Przybycien; A. Raval; P. Roloff; I. Rubinsky; M. Ruspa; V. Samojlov; D. H. Saxon; M. Schioppa; W. B. Schmidke; U. Schneekloth; T. Schorner-Sadenius; J. Schwartz; L. M. Shcheglova; R. Shevchenko; O. Shkola; I. Singh; I. O. Skillicorn; W. Slominski; V. Sola; A. Solano; A. Spiridonov; L. Stanco; N. Stefaniuk; A. Stern; T. P. Stewart; P. Stopa; J. Sztuk-Dambietz; D. Szuba; J. Szuba; E. Tassi; T. Temiraliev; K. Tokushuku; J. Tomaszewska; A. Trofymov; V. Trusov; T. Tsurugai; M. Turcato; O. Turkot; T. Tymieniecka; A. Verbytskyi; O. Viazlo; R. Walczak; W. A. T. Wan Abdullah; K. Wichmann; M. Wing; G. Wolf; S. Yamada; Y. Yamazaki; N. Zakharchuk; A. F. Zarnecki; L. Zawiejski; O. Zenaiev; B. O. Zhautykov; N. Zhmak; D. S. Zotkin

2014-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

485

Measurement of D* photoproduction at three different centre-of-mass energies at HERA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The cross sections for the photoproduction of $D^*$ mesons have been measured with the ZEUS detector at HERA at three different ep centre-of-mass energies, $\\sqrt{s}$, of 318, 251 and 225 GeV. For each data set, $D^*$ mesons were required to have transverse momentum, $p_T^{D^*}$, and pseudorapidity, $\\eta^{D^*}$, in the ranges $1.9 < p_T^{D^*} < 20$ GeV and $|\\eta^{D^*}|<1.6$. The events were required to have a virtuality of the incoming photon, $Q^2$, of less than 1 GeV$^2$. The dependence on $\\sqrt{s}$ was studied by normalising to the high-statistics measurement at $\\sqrt{s} =318$ GeV. This led to the cancellation of a number of systematic effects both in data and theory. Predictions from next-to-leading-order QCD describe the $\\sqrt{s}$ dependence of the data well.

Abramowicz, H; Adamczyk, L; Adamus, M; Aggarwal, R; Antonelli, S; Arslan, O; Aushev, V; Aushev, Y; Bachynska, O; Barakbaev, A N; Bartosik, N; Behnke, O; Behr, J; Behrens, U; Bertolin, A; Bhadra, S; Bloch, I; Bokhonov, V; Boos, E G; Borras, K; Brock, I; Brugnera, R; Bruni, A; Brzozowska, B; Bussey, P J; Caldwell, A; Capua, M; Catterall, C D; Chwastowski, J; Ciborowski, J; Ciesielski, R; Cooper-Sarkar, A M; Corradi, M; Corriveau, F; D'Agostini, G; Dementiev, R K; Devenish, R C E; Dolinska, G; Drugakov, V; Dusini, S; Ferrando, J; Figiel, J; Foster, B; Gach, G; Garfagnini, A; Geiser, A; Gizhko, A; Gladilin, L K; Gogota, O; Golubkov, Yu A; Grebenyuk, J; Gregor, I; Grzelak, G; Gueta, O; Guzik, M; Hain, W; Hartner, G; Hochman, D; Hori, R; Ibrahim, Z A; Iga, Y; Ishitsuka, M; Iudin, A; Januschek, F; Kadenko, I; Kananov, S; Kanno, T; Karshon, U; Kaur, M; Kaur, P; Khein, L A; Kisielewska, D; Klanner, R; Klein, U; Kondrashova, N; Kononenko, O; Korol, Ie; Korzhavina, I A; Kotanski, A; Kotz, U; Kovalchuk, N; Kowalski, H; Kuprash, O; Kuze, M; Levchenko, B B; Levy, A; Libov, V; Limentani, S; Lisovyi, M; Lobodzinska, E; Lohmann, W; Lohr, B; Lohrmann, E; Longhin, A; Lontkovskyi, D; Lukina, O Yu; Maeda, J; Makarenko, I; Malka, J; Martin, J F; Mergelmeyer, S; Idris, F Mohamad; Mujkic, K; Myronenko, V; Nagano, K; Nigro, A; Nobe, T; Notz, D; Nowak, R J; Olkiewicz, K; Onishchuk, Yu; Paul, E; Perlanski, W; Perrey, H; Pokrovskiy, N S; Proskuryakov, A S; Przybycien, M; Raval, A; Roloff, P; Rubinsky, I; Ruspa, M; Samojlov, V; Saxon, D H; Schioppa, M; Schmidke, W B; Schneekloth, U; Schorner-Sadenius, T; Schwartz, J; Shcheglova, L M; Shevchenko, R; Shkola, O; Singh, I; Skillicorn, I O; Slominski, W; Sola, V; Solano, A; Spiridonov, A; Stanco, L; Stefaniuk, N; Stern, A; Stewart, T P; Stopa, P; Sztuk-Dambietz, J; Szuba, D; Szuba, J; Tassi, E; Temiraliev, T; Tokushuku, K; Tomaszewska, J; Trofymov, A; Trusov, V; Tsurugai, T; Turcato, M; Turkot, O; Tymieniecka, T; Verbytskyi, A; Viazlo, O; Walczak, R; Abdullah, W A T Wan; Wichmann, K; Wing, M; Wolf, G; Yamada, S; Yamazaki, Y; Zakharchuk, N; Zarnecki, A F; Zawiejski, L; Zenaiev, O; Zhautykov, B O; Zhmak, N; Zotkin, D S

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

Top-quark mass measurement using events with missing transverse energy and jets at CDF  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present a measurement of the top-quark mass with tt? events using a data sample corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 5.7 fb -1 of pp? collisions at the Fermilab Tevatron with ?s = 1.96 TeV and collected by the CDF II Detector. We select events having no identified charged leptons, large missing transverse energy, and four, five, or six jets with at least one jet containing a secondary vertex consistent with the decay of a b quark. This analysis considers events from the semileptonic tt? decay channel, including events that contain tau leptons, which are usually not included in the top-quark mass measurements. The measurement uses as kinematic variables the invariant mass of two jets consistent with the mass of the W boson, and the invariant masses of two different three-jet combinations. We fit the data to signal templates of varying top-quark masses and background templates, and measure a top-quark mass of Mtop = 172.3 2.4 (stat) 1.0 (syst) GeV/c2.

Aaltonen, T; Alvarez Gonzalez, B; Amerio, S; Anastassov, A; Amidei, D; Antos, J; Annovi, A

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

Chapter 33 - Monitoring and Control ofRenewable Energy Sources using Synchronized Phasor Measurements  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The share of wind power has strongly increased in electricity production, raising several issues concerning its integration to power grids. Unexpected dynamic phenomena, such as oscillatory events around 13 Hz have been recorded in the US by Oklahoma Gas & Electric (OG&E). Such interactions differ from traditional and well studied inter-area oscillations, and the ability to detect them is beyond the measurement capabilities of most of the existing measurement equipment and monitoring tools in Energy Management Systems (EMS) systems. This chapter presents the development and implementation of algorithms for fast oscillation detection, focusing on the aforementioned case. It proposes two solutions for real-time monitoring application that exploits synchronized phasor measurements allowing real-time analysis of sub-synchronous wind farm dynamics. These tools were built as prototypes for real-time application which utilizes Phasor Measurement Unit (PMU) data for enhanced monitoring and control of wind farms. The software tools developed in the chapter serve as evidence of the flexibility offered by non-conventional software development systems for PMU applications which provide unlimited opportunities to conceive new software tools that will aid with the integration and management of renewable resources into power grids.

Luigi Vanfretti; Maxime Baudette; Austin White

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

Assessing the impact of energy saving measures on the future energy demand and related GHG (greenhouse gas) emission reduction of Croatia  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In the light of European energy-climate package and its measures for increasing security of supply, decreasing the impact on environment and stimulating sustainability, Croatia as a new EU (European Union) member state needs to reconsider and develop new energy policy towards energy efficiency and renewable energy sources. Croatian long-term energy demand and its effect on the future national GHG (greenhouse gas) emissions are analysed in this paper. For that purpose the NeD model was constructed (National energy demand model). The model is comprised out of six modules, each representing one sector: industry, transport, households, services, agriculture and construction. The model is based on bottom up approach. The analysis has shown that energy policy measures, identified through this paper, can potentially achieve energy savings up to 157PJ in the year 2050, which presents a 40% decrease to referent (frozen efficiency) scenario. Results obtained in this paper were also compared to the Croatian National Energy Strategy for the years 2020 and 2030. It was shown that if already implemented policies were properly taken into account the actual final energy demand for the year 2030 would be 43% lower than projected by the Croatian National Energy Strategy.

Tomislav Pukec; Brian Vad Mathiesen; Tomislav Novosel; Neven Dui?

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

Energy Information Administration - Energy Efficiency-Table 5b. Consumption  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

b b Page Last Modified: June 2010 Table 5b. Consumption of Energy for All Purposes (First Use) per Ton of Steel, 1998, 2002, and 2006 (Million Btu per ton) MECS Survey Years Iron and Steel Mills (NAICS1 331111) 19982 20022 20062 Total 3 17 16 13 Net Electricity 4 2 2 2 Natural Gas 5 5 4 Coal 7 6 4 Notes: 1. The North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) has replaced the Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) system. NAICS 331111 includes steel works, blast furnaces (including coke ovens), and rolling mills. 2. Denominators represent the entire steel industry, not those based mainly on electric, natural gas, residual fuel oil or coal.

490

QCD Tests Using $b\\bar{b}g$ Events and a New Measurement of the B-Hadron Energy Distribution  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present new studies of 3-jet final states from hadronic $Z^0$ decays recorded by the SLD experiment, in which jets are identified as quark, antiquark or gluon. Our gluon energy spectrum, measured over the full kinematic range, is consistent with the predictions of QCD, and we derive a limit on an anomalous chromomagnetic $bbg$ coupling. We measure the parity violation in $Z^0$ decays into $b\\bar{b}g$ to be consistent with the predictions of electroweak theory and QCD, and perform new tests of T- and CP-conservation at the $bbg$ vertex. We also present a new technique for reconstructing the energy of a $B$ hadron using the set of charged tracks attached to a secondary vertex. The $B$ hadron energy spectrum is measured over the full kinematic range, allowing improved tests of predictions for the shape of the spectrum. The average scaled energy is measured to be $ = 0.719 \\pm 0.005 (stat.)$ (Preliminary).

D. Muller

1998-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

491

Doppler LidarBased Wind-Profile Measurement System for Offshore Wind-Energy and Other Marine Boundary Layer Applications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Accurate measurement of wind speed profiles aloft in the marine boundary layer is a difficult challenge. The development of offshore wind energy requires accurate information on wind speeds above the surface at least at the levels occupied by ...

Yelena L. Pichugina; Robert M. Banta; W. Alan Brewer; Scott P. Sandberg; R. Michael Hardesty

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

Direct measurement of energy barriers on rough and heterogeneous solid surfaces  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper will deal with the phenomenon of energy barriers to the spread of liquids on solids. These barriers often manifest themselves as a {open_quotes}pinning{close_quotes} of a sessile drop as liquid is added to it. That is, the volume of the drop increases, but the diameter does not. Thus the advancing contact angle ({theta}{sub a}) increases to a maximum. At the point where the hydrostatic pressure in the drop overcomes the {open_quotes}pinning{close_quotes} force the diameter suddenly increases and the drop relaxes to a metastable configuration which has a lower {theta}{sub a}. Energy barriers should be considered in many applications such as the spreading of liquid adhesives where thorough wetting is the goal. The interfacial forces involved are both long-range Lifshitz-van der Waals (LW) forces and short-range acid-base (AB) forces. The authors will describe how they measure the energy barriers on real surfaces directly and resolve them into their LW and AB components.

Lloyd, T.B. [Lehigh Univ., Bethlehem, PA (United States); LaGow, J. [Boeing Commercial Airplane Co., Seattle, WA (United States); Connelly, G.M. [Connelly Applied Research, Nazareth, PA (United States)

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

493

Certifying Industrial Energy Efficiency Performance: Aligning Management, Measurement, and Practice to Create Market Value  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Certifying Industrial Energy Efficiency Performance:to improve their energy efficiency- as evidenced by the 98%the renewed interest in energy efficiency worldwide and the

McKane, Aimee; Scheihing, Paul; Williams, Robert

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

A review of methods to match building energy simulation modelsto measured data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

whole building heat energy and electrical loads. Therefore,in HVAC system electrical energy consumption in response towhole-building electrical energy consumption). Procedural

Coakley, Daniel; Raftery, Paul; Keane, Marcus

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

495