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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "meat packing plants" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

The Scaleup of Structured Packing from Distillation Pilot Plant Testing to Commercial Application  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

design bases for a distillation train. The actual pilot plant testing involved a different structured packing type and blocked out operations to simulate a large number of theoretical stages. The pilot plant results verified the thermodynamic data... high efficiency per unit height of this structured packing and its excellent sc~leup characteristics. To pilot the large number of theoretical stages, it was decided to divide the column into two sections and run each section in a blocked out...

Berven, O. J.; Ulowetz, M. A.

2

Economic aspects of the organization and operation of independent wholesale meat packing plants in Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

;, ?" 'h;i;~ y ~", '. --?- JLZI44IJJQ'4411'I ~ ~ 114111*41 ~ 4 9 'at, 1~a';r40; J. kin. . ?. cay Isis. ; ax? G3. 'al4. 'bt4V-'2 JL'. X" i JQ'. EX li. f TCr'L. . . * GL IiiI'l~~ P '. 3J"', ; '=, t j ' I ''CL CrL G4"'YP 1'~ Il ' ~, ~ ~ 1, 1 AV'~0~8 11VQ...- :" 838'r?:P1X0X', i) 1XX1Ol;-:883e 81QOVrri' X Q~ ~XQrlt8 OWned 0! 1!icei~ni+rr' 1'iCd3 r. . "8 Sliied ira 'i&Y'8, ' Q. "id ';) Alrcleeale Oliirilrirl. iiC, 'Gr, r?'1 '. ", ' jrlanX8 0, '"-eii 0'' 0 ie 0' . 40 1QX00 naelorlal gecrrel 8, x'8" '8 l ' ooe...

Graves, James Wilton

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

3

PACK YOUR MENU WITH POWERHOUSE PLANTS October 1, 2010 8:30 a.m.-3:00 p.m.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PACK YOUR MENU WITH POWERHOUSE PLANTS October 1, 2010 ­ 8:30 a.m.-3:00 p.m. MINNESOTA LANDSCAPE. Delve into easy and low-pressure ways of keeping powerhouse plants in your daily family menu with JENNY

Weiblen, George D

4

Food Safety and Meat Microbiology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Food Safety and Meat Microbiology School July 17-19, 2012 Master Meat Crafter Program Department) and the University of Wisconsin-Madison Meat Science Laboratory are again hosting the Food Safety and Meat your food safety systems and the safety of your products. Topics will include microbiology, sanitation

Sheridan, Jennifer

5

Enjoy Poultry Meat Safely  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Poultry is a nutritious, economical and versatile food choice, but it requires careful handling, storage and cooking to prevent food poisoning. Two groups of bacteria can be found on raw poultry meat: bacteria that cause food to spoil and bacteria...

Davis, Michael

2006-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

6

Hasselbach Meats | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Hasselbach Meats Hasselbach Meats Jump to: navigation, search Name Hasselbach Meats Facility Hasselbach Meats Sector Wind energy Facility Type Small Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Hasselbach Meats Energy Purchaser Hasselbach Meats Location Fremont OH Coordinates 41.44069963°, -83.13450515° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.44069963,"lon":-83.13450515,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

7

Professional Training Information Pack  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Intending Professional Training Students Year 2 Information Pack #12;- 1 - Applying for a Professional Training Placement To be allowed to do the Professional Training you must have enrolled on one must talk to Dr J. M. Thompson immediately. General introduction to professional training Students

Davies, Christopher

8

4-H Meat Goat Guide  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

4-H Meat Goat Guide AS 3-4.060 10 /06 H H H H 1 8 U S C 70 7 #24; 4-H Meat Goat Guide Frank Craddock and Ross Stultz* C ompetition in the show arena is increasing every year as 4-H mem- bers are discovering that goats are an excellent choice...

Craddock, Frank; Stultz, Ross

2006-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

9

Ball Packings with Periodic Constraints  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We call a periodic ball packing in $$d$$d-dimensional Euclidean space periodically (resp. strictly) jammed with respect to a period lattice $$\\varLambda $$ if there are no nontrivial motions of the balls that preserve $$\\varLambda $$ (resp. that maintain ... Keywords: 52C17, Ball packings, Jamming, Periodic packings, Rigidity, Tensegrities

Robert Connelly, Jeffrey D. Shen, Alexander D. Smith

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Packed Bed Combustion: An Overview  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

;Packed Bed Combustion - University of Ottawa - CICS 2005 fuel fuel feed air products air fuel Retort) products Underfeed Combustion fuel feed air #12;Packed Bed Combustion - University of Ottawa - CICS 2005 required #12;Packed Bed Combustion - University of Ottawa - CICS 2005 Overfeed Bed fuel motion products air

Hallett, William L.H.

11

Waste Heat Recovery from Refrigeration in a Meat Processing Facility  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A case study is reviewed on a heat recovery system installed in a meat processing facility to preheat water for the plant hot water supply. The system utilizes waste superheat from the facility's 1,350-ton ammonia refrigeration system. The heat...

Murphy, W. T.; Woods, B. E.; Gerdes, J. E.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

What to Pack for Mars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

De Weck, O.L. What to Pack for Mars. Spectrum, IEEE 46.6 (2009): 39. 2009 Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers

De Weck, Olivier L.

13

The purpose of this pack This pack presents the Forestry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

staff, so that they are able to communicate the Forestry Commission's key climate change messages questions about climate change, and the answers identified clear areas that required more communication in tackling climate change. Who is this pack aimed at? The pack is primarily aimed at Forestry Commission

14

165 F ... Poultry, ground poultry Stuffing with poultry, meat & fish  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

165° F ... Poultry, ground poultry Stuffing with poultry, meat & fish Microwave cooking & reheating Reheating leftovers 155° F ... Ground meat & fish Injected meat (i.e. tenderized) 145° F ... Meat, fish

15

Convex Optimization Course Welcome Pack  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 NATCOR Convex Optimization Course 23rd ­ 27th June 2014 Welcome Pack This pack contains. ABSTRACT Convex optimization is the fundamental process of optimal decision-making. Although mathematically restrictive, many practical problems may be modelled directly as convex optimization problems. Convex

Hall, Julian

16

Economic analysis of the meat supply chain  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and overseas animal disease outbreaks on the Korean meat supply chain. Market impacts are investigated using both forecasts and historical decomposition of price innovations based on an error correction model (ECM) of the Korean meat sector. Results indicate...

Park, Moon-Soo

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

17

The use of nonmuscle proteins as binders in various meat systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

vitality wheat gluten was used to replace 13/ of the meat in an otherwise all-meat flaked and formed steak-type product. In addition to the nonmuscle pro- eins, other additives (salt, tripolyphosphate and hydrolyzed plant pro- tein flavoring) were... springy than those cooked to 71'C. Flaked products made with additives were preferred over those made without additives, regardless of the addition of gluten or soy. Cooking shrinkage values tended to be lower for flaked products made with additives...

Crenwelge, Carolyn Hibbs

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

18

Valve stem and packing assembly  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A valve stem and packing assembly is provided in which a rotatable valve stem includes a first tractrix surface for sliding contact with a stem packing and also includes a second tractrix surface for sliding contact with a bonnet. Force is applied by means of a spring, gland flange, and gland on the stem packing so the stem packing seals to the valve stem and bonnet. This configuration serves to create and maintain a reliable seal between the stem packing and the valve stem. The bonnet includes a second complementary tractrix surface for contacting the second sliding tractrix surface, the combination serving as a journal bearing for the entire valve stem and packing assembly. The journal bearing so configured is known as a Schiele's pivot. The Schiele's pivot also serves to maintain proper alignment of the valve stem with respect to the bonnet. Vertical wear between the surfaces of the Schiele's pivot is uniform at all points of contact between the second sliding tractrix surface and the second complementary tractrix surface of a bonnet. The valve stem is connected to a valve plug by means of a slip joint. The valve is opened and closed by rotating the valve stem. The slip joint compensates for wear on the Schiele's pivot and on the valve plug. A ledge is provided on the valve bonnet for the retaining nut to bear against. The ledge prevents over tightening of the retaining nut and the resulting excessive friction between stem and stem packing. 2 figures.

Wordin, J.J.

1991-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

19

Valve stem and packing assembly  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A valve stem and packing assembly is provided in which a rotatable valve stem includes a first tractrix surface for sliding contact with a stem packing and also includes a second tractrix surface for sliding contact with a bonnet. Force is applied by means of a spring, gland flange, and gland on the stem packing so the stem packing seals to the valve stem and bonnet. This configuration serves to create and maintain a reliable seal between the stem packing and the valve stem. The bonnet includes a second complementary tractrix surface for contacting the second sliding tractrix surface, the combination serving as a journal bearing for the entire valve stem and packing assembly. The journal bearing so configured is known as a Schiele's pivot. The Schiele's pivot also serves to maintain proper alignment of the valve stem with respect to the bonnet. Vertical wear between the surfaces of the Schiele's pivot is uniform at all points of contact between the second sliding tractrix surface and the second complementary tractrix surface of a bonnet. The valve stem is connected to a valve plug by means of a slip joint. The valve is opened and closed by rotating the valve stem. The slip joint compensates for wear on the Schiele's pivot and on the valve plug. A ledge is provided on the valve bonnet for the retaining nut to bear against. The ledge prevents overtightening of the retaining nut and the resulting excessive friction between stem and stem packing.

Wordin, John J. (Bingham County, ID)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Ball Packings with Periodic Constraints  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We call a periodic ball packing in d-dimensional Euclidean space periodically (strictly) jammed with respect to a period lattice if there are no nontrivial motions of the balls that preserve the period (that maintain some period with smaller or equal volume). In particular, we call a packing consistently periodically (strictly) jammed if it is periodically (strictly) jammed on every one of its periods. After extending a well-known bar framework and stress condition to strict jamming, we prove that a packing with period Lambda is consistently strictly jammed if and only if it is strictly jammed with respect to Lambda and consistently periodically jammed. We next extend a result about rigid unit mode spectra in crystallography to characterize periodic jamming on sublattices. After that, we prove that there are finitely many strictly jammed packings of m unit balls and other similar results. An interesting example shows that the size of the first sublattice on which a packing is first periodically unjammed is not bounded. Finally, we find an example of a consistently periodically jammed packing of low density \\delta = \\frac{4 \\pi}{6 \\sqrt{3} + 11} + \\epsilon ~ 0.59, where \\epsilon is an arbitrarily small positive number. Throughout the paper, the statements for the closely related notions of periodic infinitesimal rigidity and affine infinitesimal rigidity for tensegrity frameworks are also given.

Robert Connelly; Jeffrey D. Shen; Alexander D. Smith

2013-01-04T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "meat packing plants" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Cylinder valve packing nut studies  

SciTech Connect

The design, manufacture, and use of cylinder valve packing nuts have been studied to improve their resistance to failure from stress corrosion cracking. Stress frozen photoelastic models have been analyzed to measure the stress concentrations at observed points of failure. The load effects induced by assembly torque and thermal expansion of stem packing were observed by strain gaging nuts. The effects of finishing operations and heat treatment were studied by the strain gage hole boring and X-ray methods. Modifications of manufacturing and operation practices are reducing the frequency of stress corrosion failures.

Blue, S.C. [Martin Marietta Energy Systems, Inc., Paducah, KY (United States)

1991-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

22

Students & Mental Health Resource Pack  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Students & Mental Health Resource Pack Produced by - www.rethink.org/at-ease/ SHEFFIELD EARLY://clik.to/eis NORTH EAST SHEFFIELD Northlands Community Health Centre, Southey Hill, Sheffield S5 8BE Tel: 0114 is severe mental illness? 1.4 Treatment and prognosis What is mental health awareness? 2.1 Introduction 2

Stevenson, Mark

23

Sensory and chemical characteristics of ground goat meat products  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

served after goat meat. Consumers were able to differentiate goat meat and beer whether prepared as plain meat loaves or chili. When cooked plain goat meat loaves were aerobically stored at 4C for 3 or 6 days and evaluated by a trained sensory panel...

Myers, Cheri Elizabeth

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Enhanced EP halftones with hexagonal dot packing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Enhanced EP halftones with hexagonal dot packing Tomasz J. Cholewo, Steve Weed, Brian Cooper advantages for electropho- tographic (EP) printing over conventional dot placement on a square grid [1] reported that hexagonal dot packing could have some unique benefits for EP printing. These were

Cholewo, Tomasz

25

High temperature packing test program. First quarterly technical progress report, October 1-December 26, 1981  

SciTech Connect

The program was undertaken to improve the technical understanding of the performance of plunger packings in coal liquefaction pilot plant feed pumps. During the first quarter of FY 1982, visits were made to the H-Coal, EDS and SRC-I pilot plants, where technical discussions were held with maintenance and engineering personnel, and the maintenance records and work orders for the plunger pumps were reviewed. Technical discussions were held with engineering personnel at the manufacturing facilities of three plunger pump manufacturers' companies. Contracts and technical discussions with packing vendors were initiated. Design of the laboratory tests was started.

Not Available

1982-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

26

Exploring Small-Scale Meat Processing Expansions in Iowa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Exploring Small-Scale Meat Processing Expansions in Iowa A Technical Report Submitted@iastate.edu #12;2Exploring Small-Scale Meat Processing Expansions in Iowa April 2011 Overview of Findings Iowa;3Exploring Small-Scale Meat Processing Expansions in Iowa April 2011 Introduction Iowa is a national leader

Debinski, Diane M.

27

Electrochemical Studies of Packed Iron Powder Electrodes: Effects...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of Packed Iron Powder Electrodes: Effects of Common Constituents of Natural Waters on Corrosion Electrochemical Studies of Packed Iron Powder Electrodes: Effects of Common...

28

EV Everywhere Batteries Workshop - Pack Design and Optimization...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Pack Design and Optimization Breakout Session Report EV Everywhere Batteries Workshop - Pack Design and Optimization Breakout Session Report Breakout session presentation for the...

29

Diet and Cancer Are Cooked Meats Involved  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Diet has been associated with differences in cancer rates in human populations for many years. Mark Knize presents the latest research on cancer causes including work performed at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory investigating some interesting chemical products created when meat is cooked and how to reduce them. Series: Science on Saturday [10/2006] [Health and Medicine] [Science] [Show ID: 11542

LLNL - University of California Television

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Groundwater well with reactive filter pack  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and apparatus for the remediation of contaminated soil and ground water wherein a reactive pack material is added to the annular fill material utilized in standard well construction techniques.

Gilmore, Tyler J. (Pasco, WA); Holdren, Jr., George R. (Kennewick, WA); Kaplan, Daniel I. (Richland, WA)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Groundwater well with reactive filter pack  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and apparatus are disclosed for the remediation of contaminated soil and ground water wherein a reactive pack material is added to the annular fill material utilized in standard well construction techniques. 3 figs.

Gilmore, T.J.; Holdren, G.R. Jr.; Kaplan, D.I.

1998-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

32

A High-Performance PHEV Battery Pack  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

cooling system we have developed in our previous program with respect to mass, volume, cost and power demand. Deliver cells and battery packs to USABC for testing. Tasks OEM...

33

Livestock and Meat International Trade Data | Data.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Livestock and Meat International Trade Data Livestock and Meat International Trade Data Agriculture Community Menu DATA APPS EVENTS DEVELOPER STATISTICS COLLABORATE ABOUT Agriculture You are here Data.gov » Communities » Agriculture » Data Livestock and Meat International Trade Data Dataset Summary Description The Livestock and Meat Trade Data Set contains monthly and annual data for imports and exports of live cattle, hogs, sheep, and goats, as well as beef and veal, pork, lamb and mutton, chicken meat, turkey meat, and eggs. The tables report physical quantities, not dollar values or unit prices. Data on beef and veal, pork, and lamb and mutton are on a carcass-weight-equivalent basis. Breakdowns by country are included. Tags {trade,"U.S. imports","U.S. exports",livestock,meat,cattle,beef,hogs,pork,lamb,mutton,broilers,turkeys,eggs,ERS,USDA}

34

Identification of factors affecting the palatability of goat meat  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Copyright by MERRITT IVAN PIKE 1975 IDENTIFICATION OF FACTORS AFFECTING THE PALATABILITY OF GOAT MEAT A Thesis by MERRITT IVAN PIKE Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A8M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1974 Major Subject: Animal Science (Meat Science) IDENTIFICATION OF FACTORS AFFECTING THE PALATABILITY OF GOAT MEAT A Thesis by MERRITT IVAN PIKE Approved as to style and content by: Co- an of Committee Co...

Pike, Merritt Ivan

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

35

Method of gravel packing a subterranean well  

SciTech Connect

This patent describes a method of gravel packing a well bore penetrating a subterranean formation. It comprises blocking a first group of apertures in a liner with an immobile gel; positioning the liner within the well bore thereby defining a first annulus between the liner and the well bore; transporting a slurry comprised of gravel suspended in a fluid into the first annulus, the fluid flowing through a second group of apertures in the liner while the gravel is deposited within the first annulus to form a gravel pack; and thereafter removing substantially all of the gel from the first group of apertures.

Not Available

1991-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

36

Packed bed thermal energy storage model Generalized approach and experimental validation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Packed beds serve as thermal energy storages (TES) and heat exchangers (HEX) in different technological applications. In this paper, a general heterogeneous model of heat transfer in packed beds is developed. It is implemented by lumped element formulation in object-oriented modeling language Modelica and is successful validated with data sets taken from two different experiments reported in literature. The main advantages of the introduced model are the general, theory-based approach and the lumped element formulation in Modelica. The first point mentioned above should allow to simulate a packed bed TES/HEX without the necessity applying measured data for model calibration or to apply specific heat transfer correlations with restricted application. The second point establishes the possibility to integrate the TES/HEX model within plant models of larger scale without increasing the simulation time drastically.

Florian Opitz; Peter Treffinger

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

D.E. Corpet / Meat Science 2011 -doi:10.1016/j.meatsci.2011.04.009 Red meat and colon cancer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

D.E. Corpet / Meat Science 2011 - doi:10.1016/j.meatsci.2011.04.009 . 1 Red meat and colon cancer consumption on cancer risk is a controversial issue. However, recent meta-analyses show that high consumers of cured meats and red meat are at increased risk of colorectal cancer. This increase is significant

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

38

An algorithm for packing connectors J. Keijsper  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(a set of edges covering all vertices). An S--T connector is a common spanning set of two graphic maAn algorithm for packing connectors J. Keijsper University of Amsterdam Department of MathematicsS; Tg of V , an S--T connector is a set of edges F ` E such that every component of the subgraph (V; F

Keijsper, Judith

39

Packing frustration in dense confined fluids  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Packing frustration for confined fluids, i.e., the incompatibility between the preferred packing of the fluid particles and the packing constraints imposed by the confining surfaces, is studied for a dense hard-sphere fluid confined between planar hard surfaces at short separations. The detailed mechanism for the frustration is investigated via an analysis of the anisotropic pair distributions of the confined fluid, as obtained from integral equation theory for inhomogeneous fluids at pair correlation level within the anisotropic Percus-Yevick approximation. By examining the mean forces that arise from interparticle collisions around the periphery of each particle in the slit, we calculate the principal components of the mean force for the density profile - each component being the sum of collisional forces on a particle's hemisphere facing either surface. The variations of these components with the slit width give rise to rather intricate changes in the layer structure between the surfaces, but, as shown in this paper, the basis of these variations can be easily understood qualitatively and often also semi-quantitatively. It is found that the ordering of the fluid is in essence governed locally by the packing constraints at each single solid-fluid interface. A simple superposition of forces due to the presence of each surface gives surprisingly good estimates of the density profiles, but there remain nontrivial confinement effects that cannot be explained by superposition, most notably the magnitude of the excess adsorption of particles in the slit relative to bulk.

Kim Nygrd; Sten Sarman; Roland Kjellander

2014-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

40

Introduction The AdenoPACK 100 adenovirus  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

an excellent performance in small scale virus purification. However, they are also scalable and confirm to cIntroduction The AdenoPACK 100 adenovirus purification and concentration kit is intended-vitro transfections. The kit includes all reagents and devices necessary for clarification, purification

Lebendiker, Mario

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "meat packing plants" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

E-Print Network 3.0 - american meat institute Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

includes any grocery stores, fish or meat markets, convenience... household purchased seafood (fish or shellfish) in a retail outlet (e.g., a grocery store, fish or meat... ,...

42

Carcass and Meat Characteristics of Nilgai Antelope.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

character- istics related to tenderness. METHODS I reatment of Carcasses Three nilgai-one adult male, one adult female and one subadult male-were collected on King Ranch, Inc. Tlie carcasses were weighed, field dressed, re- weighed and transported... Characteristics of NiIgai Ante SI'MIIARY: Nilgai antelope (Eoselaphus tragocamelus) sccin to be a potential source of meats acceptable to the conslrn~er public. Carcasses dress out at approx- irnatt!y 50 percent of live weight and have less than I pcrt on...

Ables, E. D.; Carpenter, Z. L.; Quarrier, Lynn; Sheffield, W. J.

1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Energy Saving in Distillation Using Structured Packing and Vapor Recompression  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

% of the world's styrene capac ty is now processed through columns filled with Flex pac? or Mellapak structured packings. In conventio al column operation, energy savings of 20 to 30% re obtained by replacing trays or dumped packings Other benefits...% of the world's styrene capac ty is now processed through columns filled with Flex pac? or Mellapak structured packings. In conventio al column operation, energy savings of 20 to 30% re obtained by replacing trays or dumped packings Other benefits...

Hill, J.H.

44

Medicinal Plants  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Medicinal Plants Medicinal Plants Nature Bulletin No. 187 April 11, 1981 Forest Preserve District of Cook County George W. Dunne, President Roland F. Eisenbeis, Supt. of Conservation MEDICINAL PLANTS In springtime, many years ago, grandma made her family drink gallons of tea made by boiling roots of the sassafras. That was supposed to thin and purify the blood. Children were sent out to gather dandelion, curly dock, wild mustard, pokeberry and other greens as soon as they appeared -- not only because they added welcome variety to the diet of bread, meat, potatoes and gravy, but because some of them were also laxatives. For a bad "cold on the lungs," she slapped a mustard plaster on the patient's back, and on his chest she put a square of red flannel soaked in goose grease. For whooping cough she used a syrup of red clover blossoms. She made cough medicine from the bloodroot plant, and a tea from the compass plant of the prairies was also used for fevers and coughs. She made a pleasant tea from the blossoms of the linden or basswood tree. For stomach aches she used tea from any of several aromatic herbs such as catnip, fennel, yarrow, peppermint, spearmint, sweetflag, wild ginger, bergamot and splice bush.

45

Chapter 3 - High-Pressure Processing of Meats and Seafood  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Meat and seafood products represent a high proportion of the applications of high-pressure processing (HPP) in the world. Mainly used for decontamination purposes, this innovative process has proved to be a reliable technology for ensuring food safety and extending the shelf life of these perishable and fragile foods. However, meat and seafood may experience quality alterations under pressure. This chapter focuses on the effect of HPP on meat and seafood organoleptic quality (texture, color, aroma, taste). The physicochemical processes responsible for these changes are also reviewed to provide a better understanding of the mechanisms involved. This chapter ends with an overview of current commercial applications and other potential applications.

Frdrique Duranton; Hlne Simonin; Claire Guyon; Stphanie Jung; Marie de Lamballerie

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Uranium Pollution of Meat in Tien-Shan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Uranium in water, soil, fodder and food products (especially meat) was studied in areas of former Soviet uranium industry in Tien-Shan 19501970. Uranium environment migration was very intensive in Tien-Shan, due...

Rustam Tuhvatshin; Igor Hadjamberdiev

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Trends in demand for retail and wholesale cuts of meat  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

TRENDS IN DEMAND FOR RETAIL AND WHOLESALE CUTS OF MEAT A Thesis by DAVID WAYNE HOLLOWAY Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas ARM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE... December 1990 Major Subject: Agricultural Economics TRENDS IN DEMAND FOR RETAIL AND WHOLESALE CUTS OF MEAT A Thesis by DAVID WAYNE HOLLOWAY Approved as to style and content by: Donald E. Farris (Chair of Committee) Carl E. Shafer (Member) Rudo J...

Holloway, David Wayne

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

48

Identifying of meat species using polymerase chain reaction (PCR)  

SciTech Connect

Meat has been widely consumed as an important protein source in daily life of human. Furthermore, with busy and intense urban lifestyle, processed food is now one of the main protein sources of ones diet. Consumers rely on the food labeling to decide if the meat product purchased is safe and reliable. Therefore, it is important to ensure the food labeling is done in a correct manner to avoid consumer fraud. More consumers are now concern about the food quality and safety as compared to before. This study described the meat species identification and detection method using Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) in 8 types of meats (cattle, buffalo, goat, sheep, chicken, duck, pork and horse). The objective of this study is to decide on the specificity of oligonucleotide sequences obtained from previous study. There were 5 proposed oligonucleotide primer in this study. The main important finding in this work is the specificity of oligonucleotide primers to raw meats. It if found that the oligonucleotide primers proposed were not specific to the local raw meat species. Therefore, further study is needed to obtain a species-specific oligonucletide primers for PCR, in order to be applied in food product testing.

Foong, Chow Ming; Sani, Norrakiah Abdullah [School of Chemical Sciences and Food Technology, Faculty of Science and Technology, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600, Bangi, Selangor (Malaysia)

2013-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

49

Packed bed carburization of tantalum and tantalum alloy  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Packed bed carburization of a tantalum or tantalum alloy object. A method for producing corrosion-resistant tantalum or tantalum alloy objects is described. The method includes the steps of placing the object in contact with a carburizing pack, heating the packed object in vacuum furnace to a temperature whereby carbon from the pack diffuses into the object forming grains with tantalum carbide along the grain boundaries, and etching the surface of the carburized object. This latter step removes tantalum carbides from the surface of the carburized tantalum object while leaving the tantalum carbide along the grain boundaries.

Lopez, Peter C. (Espanola, NM); Rodriguez, Patrick J. (Espanola, NM); Pereyra, Ramiro A. (Medanales, NM)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

New ORNL electric vehicle technology packs more punch in smaller...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ORNL electric vehicle technology packs more punch in smaller package ORNL's 30-kilowatt power inverter offers greater reliability and power in a compact package. ORNL's 30-kilowatt...

51

Packed bed carburization of tantalum and tantalum alloy  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Packed bed carburization of a tantalum or tantalum alloy object is disclosed. A method for producing corrosion-resistant tantalum or tantalum alloy objects is described. The method includes the steps of placing the object in contact with a carburizing pack, heating the packed object in vacuum furnace to a temperature whereby carbon from the pack diffuses into the object forming grains with tantalum carbide along the grain boundaries, and etching the surface of the carburized object. This latter step removes tantalum carbides from the surface of the carburized tantalum object while leaving the tantalum carbide along the grain boundaries. 4 figs.

Lopez, P.C.; Rodriguez, P.J.; Pereyra, R.A.

1999-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

52

Volatile Components from Packing Matrials, Rev. 2  

SciTech Connect

An outgassing study was conducted on five packing materials, comprising two experiments. These materials comprised 277-4 borated concrete, Borobond4 concrete, polyethylene bags, silica-filled silicone rubber seals, and silicone foam padding. The purpose was measure the volume of gases which diffuse from packaging materials when sealed in containers. Two heating profiles were used to study the offgassing quantities in a set of accelerated aging tests. It was determined that the concretes contain a large quantity of water. The plastic materials hold much less moisture, with the silicone materials even consuming water, possibly due to the presence of silica filler. Polyethylene tends to degrade as the temperature is elevated and the foam stiffens.

Smith, R. A.

2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

CONCRETE OPTIMISATION WITH REGARD TO PACKING DENSITY AND RHEOLOGY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

/organizers): .............. Keywords: packing density, rheology, grading curve, optimisation, self-compacting concrete, roller-compactedCONCRETE OPTIMISATION WITH REGARD TO PACKING DENSITY AND RHEOLOGY François de Larrard LCPC Centre concrete. Author contacts Authors E-Mail Fax Postal address LCPC Centre de Nantes François de Larrard

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

54

Relating protein conformational changes to packing efficiency and disorder  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Relating protein conformational changes to packing efficiency and disorder Nitin Bhardwaj1 and Mark are most likely to change packing. Finally, by relating protein disorder to motions, we show 2009 proteinscience.org Abstract: Changes in protein conformation play key roles in facilitating

Gerstein, Mark

55

Procedure for Packing Weather Files for DOE-2e  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ESL-TR-10-09-03 Procedure for Packing Weather Files for DOE-2e Kee Han Kim Juan-Carlos Baltazar-Cervantes, Ph.D. September 2010 ESL-TR-10-09-03 TABLE OF CONTENTS CHAPTER 1... ................................................................................................................................................. 7 1. OVERVIEW ..................................................................................................................................... 7 2. PROCESS OF PACKING WEATHER DATA FOR DOE-2e SIMULATION ............................... 8 2...

Kim, K. H.; Baltazar-Cervantes, J. C.

56

Evolving Design Rules for the Inverse Granular Packing Problem  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

If a collection of identical particles is poured into a container, different shapes will fill to different densities. But what is the shape that fills a container as close as possible to a pre-specified, desired density? We demonstrate a solution to this inverse-packing problem by framing it in the context of artificial evolution. By representing shapes as bonded spheres, we show how shapes may be mutated, simulated, and selected to produce particularly dense or loose packing aggregates, both with and without friction. Moreover, we show how motifs emerge linking these shapes together. The result is a set of design rules that function as an effective solution to the inverse packing problem for given packing procedures and boundary conditions. Finally, we show that these results are verified by experiments on 3D-printed prototypes used to make packings in the real world.

Marc Z. Miskin; Heinrich M. Jaeger

2014-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

57

Rapid Determination of Moisture and Fat in Meats By Microwave And Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Determination of moisture, fat, protein, and other components of meat is important for the evaluation of the quality of raw materials and finished products, the assessment of process control, and for ensuring regulatory compliance of meat products...

Claflin, Amy Elizabeth

2013-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

58

E-Print Network 3.0 - australian meat export Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

amount of nut meat yield relative to the weight of the whole pecan. Once pecans... on the prices they expect to receive for nut meats, rather than the whole inshell ... Source:...

59

E-Print Network 3.0 - american meat science Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

nitrite-treated, and oxidized high-heme cured meat promotes mucin-depleted foci in rats Rapha lle... be adressed to: Denis E Corpet Abstract Processed meat intake is...

60

A halothane challenge test to detect turkeys prone to developing pale, soft, and exudative meat  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The turkey industry suffers from pale, soft, and exudative (PSE) meat that is unsuitable for further processing due to excessive color variation, poor meat binding, and depressed water holding ability. This condition is caused by accelerated...

Wheeler, Benjamin Reid

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "meat packing plants" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

The Texas Retail Meat Industry -- Structure, Operational Characteristics, and Competitive Practices.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in refrigeration and transportation systems, general usage of federal grading standards, and rigid specifi- cations standards have allowed retail organizations to purchase and dis- tribute consistent quality meat items over a larger geographic area... red meat sold by retailers in Texas during 1974. The Texas retail meat industry is characterized by large, diversi- fied supermarkets which feature mass selling techniques and merchandise meat products on a strict specification basis. In 1974...

Dietrich, Raymond A.

1975-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Numerical evaluation of the energetic performances of structured and random packed beds in regenerative thermal oxidizers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Regenerative thermal oxidizers (RTO) can be conveniently used to control volatile organic components (VOC) emissions, because of their thermal efficiency and cost effectiveness. In the RTO technology, beds of inert material are used in order to heat the polluted air by cooling burnt gases, through a sequence of cyclic operations which cut the fuel requirements. A computational 1D unsteady model, able to account for both structured and random packed bed regenerators, is developed and applied to realistic plant conditions. Process thermal efficiency and gas pressure drop are calculated as functions of the system geometry and operating parameters. The code can be usefully employed in the analysis and design of RTO systems and in order to choose the more suitable type of regenerator, structured or random packed bed (even considering various particle shapes). Energetic performances of both random and structured regenerators were compared, showing that the first ones exhibit a little higher thermal efficiency but also an elevated pressure drop, at a same value of exchange surface per unit volume of the bed. Random packed bed regenerators resulted less attractive from the energetic point of view and their usage is advisable if their lower cost satisfy economical requirements.

Mario Amelio; Pietropaolo Morrone

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

AUTOMATION IN THE MEAT INDUSTRY | Cutting and Boning  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The strongest incentives for the industry to adopt automation technology for cutting and boning relate to the drive for improved productivity through reduced labor. Also work environment, increased yield and adaptability to a wide range of customer specifications are important drivers. Automation in the pig meat industry has mainly been adopted in regions with high labor costs such as Northern Europe. In New Zealand the ovine meat industry has been progressive in developing and using automation technology. Automation in the beef industry is limited because of the complexity associated with handling of the size and biological variation of the material.

R. Clarke; J.U. Nielsen; N.T. Madsen

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Dietary lipid source and vitamin e influence on chicken meat quality and lipid oxidation stability  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

meat patties. Sous vide cooked meat developed lipid oxidation at a slow rate and showed not to be affected by nonheme iron values. Dietary fat and vitamin E level affected breast meat lightness (L* color space) values (Pmuscle pH, Allo...

Narciso-Gaytan, Carlos

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

65

The hierarchical properties of contact networks in granular packings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The topological structure resulting from the network of contacts between grains (contact network) is studied for very large samples of disorderly-packed monosized spheres with densities ranging from 0.58 to 0.64. The hierarchical organization of such a structure is studied by means of a topological map which starts from a given sphere and moves outwards in concentric shells through the contact network. We find that the topological density of disordered sphere packing is larger than the topological density of equivalent lattice sphere packings.

T. Aste; T. J. Senden

2005-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

66

Leaders of the Fuel Cell Pack | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Leaders of the Fuel Cell Pack Leaders of the Fuel Cell Pack Leaders of the Fuel Cell Pack February 17, 2012 - 10:32am Addthis Fuel cell forklifts like the one shown here are used by leading companies across the U.S. as part of their daily business operations. | Energy Department file photo. Fuel cell forklifts like the one shown here are used by leading companies across the U.S. as part of their daily business operations. | Energy Department file photo. Sunita Satyapal Program Manager, Hydrogen & Fuel Cell Technology Program What does the report show? The 34 companies profiled used more than 250 fuel cells totaling 30+ MW of stationary power -- enough to supply electricity for over 21,000 households. What do WalMart, Coca-Cola, Sysco, and Whole Foods have in common? They're leading the pack when it comes to hydrogen and fuel cells.

67

Leaders of the Fuel Cell Pack | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Leaders of the Fuel Cell Pack Leaders of the Fuel Cell Pack Leaders of the Fuel Cell Pack February 17, 2012 - 10:32am Addthis Fuel cell forklifts like the one shown here are used by leading companies across the U.S. as part of their daily business operations. | Energy Department file photo. Fuel cell forklifts like the one shown here are used by leading companies across the U.S. as part of their daily business operations. | Energy Department file photo. Sunita Satyapal Program Manager, Hydrogen & Fuel Cell Technology Program What does the report show? The 34 companies profiled used more than 250 fuel cells totaling 30+ MW of stationary power -- enough to supply electricity for over 21,000 households. What do WalMart, Coca-Cola, Sysco, and Whole Foods have in common? They're leading the pack when it comes to hydrogen and fuel cells.

68

LEDS Collaboration in Action Workshop Participant Pack | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » LEDS Collaboration in Action Workshop Participant Pack Jump to: navigation, search LEDSGP Logo.png Advancing climate-resilient low emission development around the world Home About Tools Expert Assistance Events Publications Join Us ACDS Workshop Participant Pack Agenda Accommodations Participants Location Arrival Form Open Space Sessions Speakers Presentations Links Contact Us Participant Pack Pack.pdf Powered by OpenEI ledsgp.org is built on the same platform as the popular Wikipedia site. Like Wikipedia, it is a "wiki" or website developed collaboratively by a community of users. Thanks to our unique relationship with OpenEI.org, you

69

A hybrid bin-packing heuristic to multiprocessor scheduling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A hybrid bin-packing heuristic to multiprocessor scheduling. Adriana Alvim (alvim ***at*** inf.puc-rio.br) Celso Ribeiro (celso ***at*** inf.puc-rio.br). Abstract: The...

Adriana Alvim

70

Lawrence Pack, train conductor, and Y-12s uranium  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Lawrence Pack, train conductor, and Y-12's uranium? Trains were the primary means of long haul transportation in the 1940's. Many trains brought building materials to Y-12 and...

71

Efficient Lithium-Ion Battery Pack Electro-Thermal Simulation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A methodology to derive a computational efficient electro-thermal battery pack model is showed. It is taken ... up of three orders of magnitude for the thermal part. The electrical battery model is implemented an...

L. Kostetzer

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Hazardous Waste: Resource Pack for Trainers and Communicators | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Hazardous Waste: Resource Pack for Trainers and Communicators Hazardous Waste: Resource Pack for Trainers and Communicators Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Hazardous Waste: Resource Pack for Trainers and Communicators Agency/Company /Organization: International Solid Waste Association (ISWA), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) Sector: Energy, Land, Water Focus Area: Renewable Energy, - Waste to Energy Phase: Evaluate Options Topics: Adaptation, Implementation, Low emission development planning, -LEDS Resource Type: Guide/manual, Training materials Website: www.trp-training.info/ Cost: Paid Language: English References: Training Resource Pack[1] "The new TRP+ provides a structured package of notes, technical summaries, visual aids and other training material concerning the (hazardous) waste

73

Performance characterization of a packed bed electro-filter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PERFORMANCE CHARACTERIZATION OF A PACKED BED ELECTRO-FILTER A Thesis by A JAY NARAYANAN Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE... December 1990 Major Subject: Safety Engineering PERFORMANCE CHARACTERIZATION OF A PACKED BED ELECTRO-FILTER A Thesis by AJAY NARAYANAN Approved as to style and content by: John P. Wagn (Ch ' of the Com ittee) Aydin Akgerman (Member) Ri ard B...

Narayanan, Ajay

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

74

*WHATWHATWHATWHAT is the Duke Mobile Farmers Market?? ~ A convenient way to get fresh, local produce, meats, seafood  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

produce, meats, seafood and all natural specialty prepared foods. ~ Community Supported Agriculture (CSA

Zhou, Pei

75

Random packing of lines in a lattice cube  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A study is made of the random sequential packing of complete lines in a cube of integer lattice points, with side N. For N?15 exact packing fractions are computed. It is found that if line occupation attempts arrive as a spatial Poisson process the packing has two distinct phases; initially where large numbers of potential adsorption sites are blocked, and subsequently where no further blocking occurs so that filling is exponential in time. It is shown that the ratio of the durations of the blocking to the nonblocking phases falls to zero as N??. In this limit, the packing fraction at time t is ?(t)=34(1?e?t). The rapid switch between phases in large systems creates a dramatic fall in the packing rate at the start of the process. This becomes a discontinuity as N?? and is a consequence of the high aspect ratio of the packing objects. It provides a physical explanation for the diverging coefficients in expansions of ?(t) about t=0 for objects with diverging aspect ratio. After considering the three-dimensional case, the analysis is extended to d-dimensional cubes, for which it is conjectured that ?=d/2d?1 in the limit N??.

D. J. Burridge

2010-03-09T23:59:59.000Z

76

The Propagation of Ornamental Plants.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the 8-inch pot and pack the rooting medium in between the two pots. Note: If vermiculite is used, fill this space, but do not pack it. Water the medium in well with water containing a few drops of a wetting agent. Then stick cuttings in concentric... ready for planting in permanent location. Materials required for self-watering propagator. Make the cutting. Preparation of self-watering propagator. Insert cutting into rooting medium. :?-de+d self-watering -.:sqgotor filled with cuttings...

DeWerth, A. F.

1970-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Maximum and minimum stable random packings of Platonic solids Jessica Baker and Arshad Kudrolli  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of steel ball bearings 3 . In fact, work in the last decade has shown that random packing itself of the tetrahedrons 8,9 . In the case of tetrahedrons, disordered wagon-wheel packings were initially found to pack were said to be 0.76 .02 if the observed packings were extrapolated to infinite systems, but the pro

Kudrolli, Arshad

78

On Optimizing Sensor Placement for Spatio-Temporal Temperature Estimation in Large Battery Packs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of battery pack thermal dynamics. Monitoring and controlling battery pack temperature dy- namics. One important challenge with such battery packs is that an individual cell may become thermally management systems [2], [3], [4]. CFD modeling, model reduction, and analysis of battery pack thermal

Krstic, Miroslav

79

Final evaluation of characterizing pipe-over-pack containers using high efficiency neutron counters  

SciTech Connect

Nondestructive assay (NDA) measurements of Transuranic (TRU) waste at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) packed in Pipe-over-Pack Containers (POC) contain a number of complexities. The POC is highly attenuating to both gamma rays and neutrons which presents a difficult waste matrix for correct quantification of material in the container. Currently there are a number ofPOC containers at LANL that require evaluation for shipment to the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) in Carlsbad, NM. Updated data has been evaluated that finalizes the evaluation of characterizing Pipe-Over-Pack Containers. Currently at LANL, a single instrument has been used to explore the appropriateness of both passive neutron and quantitative gamma ray methods for measuring POC's. The passive neutron approach uses the Reals coincidence count rate to establish plutonium mass and other parameters of interest for TRU waste. The quantitative gamma ray method assumes a homogeneous distribution of radioactive source material with the surrounding material throughout the drum volume. Drums are assayed with a calibration based on the known density of the matrix. Both methods are supplemented by a simultaneous isotopic measurement using Multi-Group Analysis (MGA) to determine the plutonium isotopic composition. If MGA fails to provide a viable isotopic result Fixed Energy Response function Analysis with Multiple efficiencies (FRAM) has been used to replace the MGA results. Acceptable Knowledge (AK) may also be used in certain instances. This report will discuss the two methods in detail. Included in the discussion will be descriptions of the setup parameters and calibration techniques for the instrument. A number of test measurements have been performed to compare HENC data with certified historical data. Empty POCs loaded with known sources have also been measured to determine the viability of the technique. A comparison between calorimetry data, historical measurements and HENC data will also be performed. The conclusion will show that the current calibration on the HENC units is viable for analysis of POCs.

Carson, Pete [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Stanfield, Sean B [AFS; Wachter, Joe [CANBERRA; Cramer, Doug [CANBERRA; Harvill, Joe [WTS

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

A study of a cooling tower with variable packing heights  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

I, tower of eight feet by ei, . ht feet section. . W. W. Smith (18) reported in 1&56, his results and con- clusions for mass transfer and resistance to air flow for three redwood packihg styles having essent1ally the same vert1cal projected area, made... the time to ~efinitel. ?; sta. e that the redwood packing of re tangulor section (width-hei~ht ratio '). g(~) is the best packin? typo. 'Ihe field is till open for experimentation with packings of other avail, ble mat- erials and packins f...

Khan, A. M. M. Farid

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "meat packing plants" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Evaluation of konjac gels as fat substitutes in meat "emulsion" products  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

/carrageenan gels tested contributed positively to low-fat bologna formulations and could serve as fat mimics to reduce the caloric density of processed meat products....

Becker, Alison Rene

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Power Consumption Prediction and Power-Aware Packing in Consolidated  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Power Consumption Prediction and Power-Aware Packing in Consolidated Environments Jeonghwan Choi the power consumption of groups of colocated applications. Such characterization is crucial for effective prediction and enforcement of appropriate limits on power consumption--power budgets--within the data center

Urgaonkar, Bhuvan

83

Packing Hamilton Cycles in Random and Pseudo-Random Hypergraphs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Packing Hamilton Cycles in Random and Pseudo-Random Hypergraphs Alan Frieze Michael Krivelevich February 16, 2011 Abstract We say that a k-uniform hypergraph C is a Hamilton cycle of type , for some 1 Hamilton cycles. A slightly weaker result is given for = k/2. We also provide sufficient conditions

Krivelevich, Michael

84

Packing tight Hamilton cycles in 3-uniform hypergraphs Alan Frieze  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Packing tight Hamilton cycles in 3-uniform hypergraphs Alan Frieze Michael Krivelevich Po-Shen Loh Abstract Let H be a 3-uniform hypergraph with n vertices. A tight Hamilton cycle C H of H can be covered by edge-disjoint tight Hamilton cycles, for n divisible by 4. Consequently, we

Frieze, Alan

85

Packing tight Hamilton cycles in 3-uniform hypergraphs Alan Frieze  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Packing tight Hamilton cycles in 3-uniform hypergraphs Alan Frieze Carnegie Mellon University alan ploh@cmu.edu Abstract Consider a 3-uniform hypergraph H with n vertices. A tight Hamilton cycle C H by edge- disjoint tight Hamilton cycles, for n divisible by 4. Consequently, random 3-uniform hypergraphs

Krivelevich, Michael

86

Hydrogen Bonding Increases Packing Density in the Protein Interior  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hydrogen Bonding Increases Packing Density in the Protein Interior David Schell,1,2 Jerry Tsai,1 J System Health Science Center, College Station, Texas 77843-1114 ABSTRACT The contribution of hydrogen to the stability, but experimental studies show that bury- ing polar groups, especially those that are hydrogen

87

Moisture Transport in Silica Gel Packed Beds: II. Experimental Study  

SciTech Connect

Experiments have been performed to obtain the transient response of a thin adiabatic packed bed of silica gel after a step change in inlet air conditions, comparisons are made with predictions using a solid-side resistance model and a pseudo-gas-side controlled model and better agreement obtained with the former model.

Pesaran, A. A.; Mills, A. F.

1986-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Modeling the lubrication of the piston ring pack in internal combustion engines using the deterministic method  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Piston ring packs are used in internal combustion engines to seal both the high pressure gas in the combustion chamber and the lubricant oil in the crank case. The interaction between the piston ring pack and the cylinder ...

Chen, Haijie

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Development of Cell/Pack Level Models for Automotive Li-Ion Batteries...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

CellPack Level Models for Automotive Li-Ion Batteries with Experimental Validation Development of CellPack Level Models for Automotive Li-Ion Batteries with Experimental...

90

Determinants of Backbone Packing in Globular Proteins: an Analysis of Spatial Neighbours  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The pattern and variability of backbone packing density in protein structures are examined. An interesting correlation between the average percentage composition of amino acids and the percentage composition in regions corresponding to different levels of packing density has been observed.

Panjikar, S.K.

1997-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Effects of lubricant viscosity and surface texturing on ring-pack performance in internal combustion engines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The piston ring-pack contributes approximately 25% of the mechanical losses in an internal combustion engine. Both lubricant viscosity and surface texturing were investigated in an effort to reduce this ring-pack friction ...

Takata, Rosalind (Rosalind Kazuko), 1978-

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

The effect of surface finish on piston ring-pack performance in advanced reciprocating engine systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Frictional losses in the piston ring-pack of an engine account for approximately 20% of the total frictional losses within an engine. Methods of surface texture optimization were investigated to reduce piston ring-pack ...

Jocsak, Jeffrey (Jeffrey Alan)

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

New packing in absorption systems for trapping benzene from coke-oven gas  

SciTech Connect

The efficiency of benzene removal from coke-oven gas in absorption units OAO Alchevskkoks with new packing is assessed.

V.V. Grabko; V.M. Li; T.A. Shevchenko; M.A. Solov'ev [Giprokoks, the State Institute for the Design of Coke-Industry Enterprises, Kharkov (Ukraine)

2009-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

94

An adaptive neuro-fuzzy identification model for the detection of meat spoilage  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In food industry, safety and quality are considered important issues worldwide that are directly related to health and social progress. To address the rapid and non-destructive detection of meat spoilage microorganisms during aerobic storage at chill ... Keywords: Adaptive fuzzy logic system, Meat spoilage, Neural networks, Neurofuzzy systems, Partial least squares regression, Principal components analysis

Vassilis S. Kodogiannis, Abeer Alshejari

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Red Meat, Chicken, and Fish Consumption and Risk of Colorectal Cancer  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...unity. Conclusion: Consumption of fresh red meat and...risk of rectal cancer. Consumption of chicken and fish...Introduction In 1997, the World Cancer Research Fund...Research stated that consumption of red meat probably...or their reported energy intake was in the lowest...

Dallas R. English; Robert J. MacInnis; Allison M. Hodge; John L. Hopper; Andrew M. Haydon; and Graham G. Giles

2004-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Novel Accident-Tolerant Fuel Meat and Cladding  

SciTech Connect

A novel accident-tolerant fuel meat and cladding are here proposed. The fuel meat design incorporates annular fuel with inserts and discs that are fabricated from a material having high thermal conductivity, for example niobium. The inserts are rods or tubes. Discs separate the fuel pellets. Using the BISON fuel performance code it was found that the peak fuel temperature can be lowered by more than 600 degrees C for one set of conditions with niobium metal as the thermal conductor. In addition to improved safety margin, several advantages are expected from the lower temperature such as decreased fission gas release and fuel cracking. Advantages and disadvantages are discussed. An enrichment of only 7.5% fully compensates the lost reactivity of the displaced UO2. Slightly higher enrichments, such as 9%, allow uprates and increased burnups to offset the initial costs for retooling. The design has applications for fast reactors and transuranic burning, which may accelerate its development. A zirconium silicide coating is also described for accident tolerant applications. A self-limiting degradation behavior for this coating is expected to produce a glassy, self-healing layer that becomes more protective at elevated temperature, with some similarities to MoSi2 and other silicides. Both the fuel and coating may benefit from the existing technology infrastructure and the associated wide expertise for a more rapid development in comparison to other, more novel fuels and cladding.

Robert D. Mariani; Pavel G Medvedev; Douglas L Porter; Steven L Hayes; James I. Cole; Xian-Ming Bai

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

A study of a cooling tower with variable packing geometries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the Meohanioal Engineering Department~ for giving generously of his time, advioey and experi ense. STMKRY Three redwood packing styles -- rectangular~ square and triangular, having the same projected, area ? were tested under the same controlled conditions... of this wozk is to study the influence of the paoking geometries on water cooling tower performance oh raoteristics. To fulfill the purpose, thz ee different redwood paoking , . eometz'ies were tested and oompared. These ere z ectangular, square...

Azad, Abul Kalam

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

98

Correlate the flooding of packed columns a new way  

SciTech Connect

Packed-column pressure-drop and flooding-point prediction has received new attention recently. These publications, like most earlier ones, focus on gas-flow-induced pressure drop, and flooding due to liquid entrainment in the packing. A few years ago, some problems occurred when packing was applied in high-pressure distillation service, such as ethylene and propylene superfractionators. Apparently, the maximum liquid-through-put capacity was lower than predicted from the gas-flow-induced flooding correlations. Such situation exists when predicting the performance of valve trays in similar service: liquid downflow can be limiting before entrainment flooding occurs. The reason for this behavior is the relatively low liquid and high vapor density of these high-pressure services. The liquid/vapor density ratios are typically 10--15:1 for such hydrocarbon systems. In contrast, for low-pressure water/air systems, this ratio is in the range 300--800:1. A large amount of experimental data for low-pressure systems has been used to correlate pressure drop and flooding, but it doesn't cover the technically important region of low liquid and high vapor density. This Article suggests an approach for understanding such liquid-limited systems.

Kaiser, V.

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Power Plant Power Plant  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Basin Center for Geothermal Energy at University of Nevada, Reno (UNR) 2 Nevada Geodetic LaboratoryStillwater Power Plant Wabuska Power Plant Casa Diablo Power Plant Glass Mountain Geothermal Area Lassen Geothermal Area Coso Hot Springs Power Plants Lake City Geothermal Area Thermo Geothermal Area

Tingley, Joseph V.

100

Liner surface improvements for low friction piston ring packs  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The development of engine components in the automotive industry is governed by several constraints such as environmental legislation and customer expectations. About a half of the frictional losses in an internal combustion engine come from the interactions between the piston assembly and cylinder liner surface. The tribological considerations in the contact between the piston ring and cylinder liner have attracted much attention over the past few decades. Many non-conventional cylinder liner finishes have been, and are being, developed with the aim to reduce friction losses and oil consumption, but the effects of the surface finish on piston ring pack performance is not well understood. One way of reducing friction in the cylinder system is to reduce the tangential load from the piston ring pack, focusing on the oil control ring. However, the side-effect of this is a disappointingly increased oil consumption. Inthis study a number of different cylinder liner surface specifications were developed and implemented in test engines with the aim of maintaining the level for oil consumption when decreasing the tangential load for the piston ring pack. To improve our understanding of the result, the same surfaces were evaluated in elastic and elasto-plastic rough contact and hydrodynamic flow simulation models. It is shown that oil consumption is strongly related to surface texture on the cylinder liners and at lower speeds (9001200rpm), a 'rougher surface' with a high core (e.g. Sk) and valley roughness (e.g. Svk) results in higher oil consumption. Atthe medium speed range (12003600rpm), oil consumption continues to dominate for the 'rough' surfaces but with a visible influence of a lower oil consumption for a decreased roughness within the 'rough' surface group. 'Smooth' surfaces with a 'smooth' core (Sk), irrespective of the valley component (Svk), show similar oil consumption. For engine speeds above 3600rpms, an increase in plateau roughness results in higher oil consumption. Throughout the study, standard roughness parameters were computed to compare with the results from engine testing and simulation. Future work will be directed to continuous optimization between oil consumption and friction. Improving the understanding of the functional cylinder system surfaces' ability to form oil films in the cylinder system opens up opportunities, not only in reducing the tangential load of piston ring packs but also in optimizing oil viscosity in order to reduce friction.

C Anderberg; Z Dimkovski; B-G Rosn

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "meat packing plants" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Hydraulically refueled battery employing a packed bed metal particle electrode  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A secondary zinc air cell, or another selected metal air cell, employing a spouted/packed metal particle bed and an air electrode. More specifically, two embodiments of a cell, one that is capable of being hydraulically recharged, and a second that is capable of being either hydraulically or electrically recharged. Additionally, each cell includes a sloped bottom portion to cause stirring of the electrolyte/metal particulate slurry when the cell is being hydraulically emptied and refilled during hydraulically recharging of the cell.

Siu, Stanley C. (Castro Valley, CA); Evans, James W. (Piedmont, CA)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Flooding Capacity in Packed Towers:? Database, Correlations, and Analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

To provide more insight into the exact influence of operating variables on flooding, several ANN simulations were performed by attributing different values for one studied variable while all of the others were held constant. ... The gas superficial velocity at flooding for the CMR simulation is greater by 1 m/s across the whole liquid velocity range. ... Because of the broadness and diversity of the databases, the proposed correlation has the capability of simulating the flooding capacity in randomly dumped packed beds for any purposes such as absorption and distillation. ...

Simon Pich; Faal Larachi; Bernard P. A. Grandjean

2000-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

103

Hydraulically refueled battery employing a packed bed metal particle electrode  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A secondary zinc air cell, or another selected metal air cell, employing a spouted/packed metal particle bed and an air electrode is described. More specifically, two embodiments of a cell, one that is capable of being hydraulically recharged, and a second that is capable of being either hydraulically or electrically recharged. Additionally, each cell includes a sloped bottom portion to cause stirring of the electrolyte/metal particulate slurry when the cell is being hydraulically emptied and refilled during hydraulically recharging of the cell. 15 figs.

Siu, S.C.; Evans, J.W.

1998-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

104

Power-law friction in closely-packed granular materials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In order to understand the nature of friction in closely-packed granular materials, a discrete element simulation on granular layers subjected to isobaric plain shear is performed. It is found that the friction coefficient increases as the power of the shear rate, the exponent of which does not depend on the material constants. Using a nondimensional parameter that is known as the inertial number, the power-law can be cast in a generalized form so that the friction coefficients at different confining pressures collapse on the same curve. We show that the volume fraction also obeys a power-law.

Takahiro Hatano

2006-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

105

Effective thermal conductivity of packed beds of spheres  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of N are known only for certain types of regular packing, however, an empirical relation for m ) 0. 3 is given as N = 11. 6(l ? m) (22) When a load is applied to a bed of spheres, the contact area between spheres is determined using the Hertz... the authors compared their analytical solutions to has consistently dealt with beds of materials which have a very low thermal conductivity compared to that of the brass and aluminum spheres. These materials have been solid and hollow glass spheres, ceramic...

Duncan, Allen Buchanan

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Evaluation of vegetable oils for deep frying of batter-breaded meat nuggets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

EVALUATION OF VEGETABLE OILS FOR DEEP FRYING OF BATIER-BREADED MEAT NUGGETS A Thesis by SHIRLEY ELIZABETH HOUSSON Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1990 Major Subject: Food Science and Technology EVALUATION OF VEGETABLE OILS FOR DEEP FRYING OF BATTER-BREADED MEAT NUGGETS A Thesis by SHIRLEY ELIZABETH HOUSSON Approved as to style and content by: Ki Soon Rhee (Chair...

Housson, Shirley Elizabeth

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Method for immobilizing particulate materials in a packed bed  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention pertains generally to immobilizing particulate matter contained in a "packed" bed reactor so as to prevent powder migration, compaction, coalescence, or the like. More specifically, this invention relates to a technique for immobilizing particulate materials using a microporous foam-like polymer such that a) the particulate retains its essential chemical nature, b) the local movement of the particulate particles is not unduly restricted, c) bulk powder migration and is prevented, d) physical and chemical access to the particulate is unchanged over time, and e) very high particulate densities are achieved. The immobilized bed of the present invention comprises a vessel for holding particulate matter, inlet and an outlet ports or fittings, a loosely packed bed of particulate material contained within the vessel, and a three dimensional porous matrix for surrounding and confining the particles thereby fixing the movement of individual particle to a limited local position. The established matrix is composed of a series of cells or chambers comprising walls surrounding void space, each wall forming the wall of an adjacent cell; each wall containing many holes penetrating through the wall yielding an overall porous structure and allowing useful levels of gas transport.

Even, Jr., William R. (Livermore, CA); Guthrie, Stephen E. (Livermore, CA); Raber, Thomas N. (Livermore, CA); Wally, Karl (Lafayette, CA); Whinnery, LeRoy L. (Livermore, CA); Zifer, Thomas (Manteca, CA)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Local origin of global contact numbers in frictional ellipsoid packings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In particulate soft matter systems the average number of contacts $Z$ of a particle is an important predictor of the mechanical properties of the system. Using X-ray tomography, we analyze packings of frictional, oblate ellipsoids of various aspect ratios $\\alpha$, prepared at different global volume fractions $\\phi_g$. We find that $Z$ is a monotonously increasing function of $\\phi_g$ for all $\\alpha$. We demonstrate that this functional dependence can be explained by a local analysis where each particle is described by its local volume fraction $\\phi_l$ computed from a Voronoi tessellation. $Z$ can be expressed as an integral over all values of $\\phi_l$: $Z(\\phi_g, \\alpha, X) = \\int Z_l (\\phi_l, \\alpha, X) \\; P(\\phi_l | \\phi_g) \\; d\\phi_l$. The local contact number function $ Z_l (\\phi_l, \\alpha, X)$ describes the relevant physics in term of locally defined variables only, including possible higher order corrections $X$. The conditional probability $P(\\phi_l | \\phi_g)$ to find a specific value of $\\phi_l$ given a global packing fraction $\\phi_g$ is independent of $\\alpha$ and $X$. An important step in defining $ Z_l (\\phi_l, \\alpha, X)$ is the determination of the local surface area fraction $\\psi_l$.

Fabian M. Schaller; Max Neudecker; Mohammad Saadatfar; Gary Delaney; Gerd E. Schrder-Turk; Matthias Schrter

2013-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

109

Distillation: Energy Savings and Other Benefits From the Use of High Efficiency Packings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

that competes with distillation for the separation of fluid mixtures. Packed contactors are used in extraction processes where only a few theoretical stages are required.' They are more efficient than empty spray towers because the packing minimizes... efficiency of the various packings as a function of system properties and column geometry [IOJ Nemunaitis, R. R., Eckert, J. S., Forte, E. H., for industrial-scale contactors. and Rollison, L. R., Chern. Eng. Progr., 67 (11), 60 (1971). ~ CONCLUSIONS...

Bravo, J. L.; Fair, J. R.; Humphrey, J. L.

110

Design of battery pack and internal combustion engine thermal models for hybrid electric vehicles.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? This thesis focuses on the design of computational models, capable of simulating the thermal behaviour of a battery pack and internal combustion engine equipping (more)

Catacchio, Gabriele

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

E-Print Network 3.0 - assisted packed bed Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

WASTES Summary: consolidation of the solid refuse bed took place as a result of gasification. The bulk density of the hand-packed... involving acidic bio leachate production...

112

Penetration depth scaling for impact into wet granular packings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present experimental measurements of penetration depths for the impact of spheres into wetted granular media. We observe that the penetration depth in the liquid saturated case scales with projectile density, size, and drop height in a fashion consistent with the scaling observed in the dry case, but that penetration depths into saturated packings tend to be smaller. This result suggests that, for the range of impact energies observed, the stopping force is set by static contact forces between grains within the bed, and that the presence of liquid serves, primarily, to enhance these contact forces. The enhancement to the stopping force has a complicated dependence on liquid fraction, accompanied by a change in the drop-height dependence, that must be the consequence of accompanying changes in the conformation of the liquid phase in the interstices.

Theodore A. Brzinski III; Jorin Schug; Kelly Mao; Douglas J. Durian

2015-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

113

METHOD TO TEST ISOTOPIC SEPARATION EFFICIENCY OF PALLADIUM PACKED COLUMNS  

SciTech Connect

The isotopic effect of palladium has been applied in different ways to separate hydrogen isotopes for many years. At Savannah River Site palladium deposited on kieselguhr (Pd/k) is used in a thermal cycling absorption process (TCAP) to purify tritium for over ten years. The need to design columns for different throughputs and the desire to advance the performance of TCAP created the need to evaluate different column designs and packing materials for their separation efficiency. In this work, columns with variations in length, diameter and metal foam use, were tested using an isotope displacement method. A simple computer model was also developed to calculate the number of theoretical separation stages using the test results. The effects of column diameter, metal foam and gas flow rate were identified.

Heung, L; Gregory Staack, G; James Klein, J; William Jacobs, W

2007-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

114

Combustion of textile residues in a packed bed  

SciTech Connect

Textile is one of the main components in the municipal waste which is to be diverted from landfill for material and energy recovery. As an initial investigation for energy recovery from textile residues, the combustion of cotton fabrics with a minor fraction of polyester was investigated in a packed bed combustor for air flow rates ranging from 117 to 1638 kg/m{sup 2} h (0.027-0.371 m/s). Tests were also carried out in order to evaluate the co-combustion of textile residues with two segregated waste materials: waste wood and cardboard. Textile residues showed different combustion characteristics when compared to typical waste materials at low air flow rates below 819 kg/m{sup 2} h (0.186 m/s). The ignition front propagated fast along the air channels randomly formed between packed textile particles while leaving a large amount of unignited material above. This resulted in irregular behaviour of the temperature profile, ignition rate and the percentage of weight loss in the ignition propagation stage. A slow smouldering burn-out stage followed the ignition propagation stage. At air flow rates of 1200-1600 kg/m{sup 2} h (0.272-0.363 m/s), the bed had a maximum burning rate of about 240 kg/m{sup 2} h consuming most of the combustibles in the ignition propagation stage. More uniform combustion with an increased burning rate was achieved when textile residues were co-burned with cardboard that had a similar bulk density. (author)

Ryu, Changkook; Phan, Anh N.; Sharifi, Vida N.; Swithenbank, Jim [Sheffield University Waste Incineration Centre (SUWIC), Department of Chemical and Process Engineering, The University of Sheffield, Mappin Street, Sheffield S1 3JD (United Kingdom)

2007-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

115

Reduction of prion infectivity in packed red blood cells  

SciTech Connect

The link between a new variant form of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (vCJD) and the consumption of prion contaminated cattle meat as well as recent findings showing that vCJD can be transmitted by blood transfusion have raised public health concerns. Currently, a reliable test to identify prions in blood samples is not available. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the possibility to remove scrapie prion protein (PrP{sup Sc}) and infectivity from red blood cell (RBC) suspensions by a simple washing procedure using a cell separation and washing device. The extent of prion removal was assessed by Western blot, PMCA and infectivity bioassays. Our results revealed a substantial removal of infectious prions ({>=}3 logs of infectivity) by all techniques used. These data suggest that a significant amount of infectivity present in RBC preparations can be removed by a simple washing procedure. This technology may lead to increased safety of blood products and reduce the risk of further propagation of prion diseases.

Morales, Rodrigo [Department of Neurology, University of Texas Medical Branch, 301 University Boulevard, Galveston, TX 77555 (United States); Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de Chile, Santiago (Chile); Buytaert-Hoefen, Kimberley A. [CaridianBCT Biotechnologies, L.L.C., Lakewood, CO (United States); Gonzalez-Romero, Dennisse; Castilla, Joaquin [Department of Neurology, University of Texas Medical Branch, 301 University Boulevard, Galveston, TX 77555 (United States); Hansen, Eric T.; Hlavinka, Dennis; Goodrich, Raymond P. [CaridianBCT Biotechnologies, L.L.C., Lakewood, CO (United States); Soto, Claudio [Department of Neurology, University of Texas Medical Branch, 301 University Boulevard, Galveston, TX 77555 (United States)], E-mail: clsoto@utmb.edu

2008-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

116

Energy Consumption Tools Pack Leandro Fontoura Cupertino, Georges DaCosta,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy Consumption Tools Pack Leandro Fontoura Cupertino, Georges DaCosta, Amal Sayah, Jean Consumption Tools Pack 1 / 23 #12;Outline 1 Introduction Motivation Our proposal 2 Energy Consumption Tools Energy Consumption Library Data Acquisition Tool Data Monitoring Tool Energy Profiler 3 Conclusions

Lefèvre, Laurent

117

The Climate Change Action Pack An interactive teaching supplement designed to  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

#12;The Climate Change Action Pack An interactive teaching supplement designed to: · Increase the understanding among young Nova Scotians and educators of the science and issues of climate change · Equip Nova at home and in their future workplaces. #12;Climate Change Action Pack printed Mar. 2002 TABLE OF CONTENTS

Gunawardena, Arunika

118

Fast Kinetics of Fe2+ Oxidation in Packed-Bed Reactors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...protein/ml liquid vol of reactor YPlS Yield of product...material was also used for analysis of the total protein...of the packed-bed reactors. Several experimen...effect. The system reliability was evalu- ated with...ion-exchange resin packed-bed reactor by switching the inlet...

Sergei I. Grishin; Olli H. Tuovinen

1988-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

A Novel Cross-Flow Cascade Packed Column Design and Simulation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A Novel Cross-Flow Cascade Packed Column Design and Simulation ... Thus the abundant area for gas flow will decrease gas-phase pressure drop, and it can allow operation at gas velocities above the flooding points of countercurrent packed columns. ...

Fengrong Chen; Rongqi Zhou; Zhanting Duan; Yumei Liu

1999-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

120

Titanium-Coated Silica Spheres Prepared by Self-Assembly Technique for Use as HPLC Packing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......for Use as HPLC Packing Jin Ge 1 2 Liang Zhao 1 Li-Ren Chen 1 Yan-Ping Shi 1 * * Author to whom...for Use as HPLC Packing Jin Ge1,2, Liang Zhao1, Li-Ren Chen1, and Yan-Ping Shi1,* 1Key Laboratory...dodecyl sulfate (SDS) from Xi'an Chemical Reagent Co......

Jin Ge; Liang Zhao; Li-Ren Chen; Yan-Ping Shi

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "meat packing plants" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Shortcut computation for the thermal management of a large air-cooled battery pack  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Thermal management is crucial to maintain the performance of large battery packs in electric vehicles. To this end, we present herein a shortcut computational method to rapidly estimate the flow and temperature profiles in a parallel airflow-cooled large battery pack with wedge-shaped plenums for airflow distribution. The method couples a flow resistance network model with a transient heat transfer model to calculate the temperature distribution in a battery pack as influenced by the airflows within and among battery modules in the pack. The effects of the plate angle of the plenums, the minimal plenum width and the battery unit spacing on the airflow and temperature distributions are presented. Additionally, an example of collective parameter adjustment for acceptable temperature uniformity of a battery pack subjected to total volume constraint is given.

Zhongming Liu; Yuxin Wang; Jun Zhang; Zhibin Liu

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Fact #823: June 2, 2014 Hybrid Vehicles use more Battery Packs but Plug-in Vehicles use More Battery Capacity  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Of the battery packs used for electrified vehicle powertrains in model year 2013, the greatest number went into conventional hybrid vehicles which use battery packs that average about 1.3 kilowatt...

123

Changes in chemical composition, shear values, and sensory properties of deboned broiler breast and thigh meat as effected by cooking form  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This study was conducted to determine the effect of skin removal on the fat content, tenderness, and overall acceptability of grilled chicken thigh and breast meat. Proximate composition and shear value were determined for breast and thigh meat...

Savage, Belinda Anita

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

124

HIGH-POWER RF DISTRIBUTION SYSTEMFOR THE 8-PACK PROJECT  

SciTech Connect

The 8-Pack Project at SLAC is a prototype rf system whose goal is to demonstrate the high-power X-band technology developed in the NLC/GLC (Next/Global Linear Collider) program. In its first phase, it has reliably produced a 400 ns rf pulse of over 500 MW using a solidstate modulator, four 11.424 GHz klystrons and a dualmoded SLED-II pulse compressor. In Phase 2, the output power of the system has been delivered into the bunker of the NLCTA (Next Linear Collider Test Accelerator) and divided between several accelerator structures for beam acceleration. The authors describe here the design, cold-test measurements, and processing of this power distribution system. Due to the high power levels and the need for efficiency, overmoded waveguide and components are used. For power transport, the TE{sub 01} mode is used in 7.44 cm and 4.064 cm diameter circular waveguide. Only near the structures is standard WR90 rectangular waveguide employed. Components used to manipulate the rf power include transitional tapers, mode converters, overmoded bends, fractional directional couplers, and hybrids.

Nantista, C

2004-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

125

Comparison of lithium chloride-phenylethanol-moxalactam and modified Vogel Johnson agars for detection of Listeria spp. in retail-level meats, poultry, and seafood.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...in retail-level meats, poultry, and seafood. R L Buchanan H G Stahl M M Bencivengo...analyze retail-level meat, poultry, and seafood both by direct plating and in conjunction...substantial portion of the fresh meat and seafood samples. In most instances the Listeria...

R L Buchanan; H G Stahl; M M Bencivengo; F Del Corral

1989-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Investigation of valve failure problems in LWR power plants  

SciTech Connect

An analysis of component failures from information in the computerized Nuclear Safety Information Center (NSIC) data bank shows that for both PWR and BWR plants the component category most responsible for approximately 19.3% of light water reactor (LWR) power plant shutdowns. This investigation by Burns and Roe, Inc. shows that the greatest cause of shutdowns in LWRs due to valve failures is leakage from valve stem packing. Both BWR plants and PWR plants have stem leakage problems (BWRs, 21% and PWRs, 34%).

None

1980-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Similar Energetic Contributions of Packing in the Core of Membrane and Water-Soluble Proteins  

SciTech Connect

A major driving force for water-soluble protein folding is the hydrophobic effect, but membrane proteins cannot make use of this stabilizing contribution in the apolar core of the bilayer. It has been proposed that membrane proteins compensate by packing more efficiently. We therefore investigated packing contributions experimentally by observing the energetic and structural consequences of cavity creating mutations in the core of a membrane protein. We observed little difference in the packing energetics of water and membrane soluble proteins. Our results imply that other mechanisms are employed to stabilize the structure of membrane proteins.

Joh, Nathan H.; Oberai, Amit; Yang, Duan; Whitelegge, Julian P.; Bowie, James U.; (UCLA)

2009-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

128

Modular Approach for Continuous Cell-Level Balancing to Improve Performance of Large Battery Packs: Preprint  

SciTech Connect

Energy storage systems require battery cell balancing circuits to avoid divergence of cell state of charge (SOC). A modular approach based on distributed continuous cell-level control is presented that extends the balancing function to higher level pack performance objectives such as improving power capability and increasing pack lifetime. This is achieved by adding DC-DC converters in parallel with cells and using state estimation and control to autonomously bias individual cell SOC and SOC range, forcing healthier cells to be cycled deeper than weaker cells. The result is a pack with improved degradation characteristics and extended lifetime. The modular architecture and control concepts are developed and hardware results are demonstrated for a 91.2-Wh battery pack consisting of four series Li-ion battery cells and four dual active bridge (DAB) bypass DC-DC converters.

Muneed ur Rehman, M.; Evzelman, M.; Hathaway, K.; Zane, R.; Plett, G. L.; Smith, K.; Wood, E.; Maksimovic, D.

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Lattice Boltzmann Simulation of Mixed Convection in a Driven Cavity Packed with Porous Medium  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The problem of mixed convection in a driven cavity packed with porous medium is studied with lattice Boltzmann method. A lattice Boltzmann model for incompressible flow in porous media and another thermal lattice

Zhenhua Chai; Zhaoli Guo; Baochang Shi

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Experimental Investigation of Chemical-Looping Combustion in Packed Beds: A Parametric Study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Recently a novel reactor concept for chemical-looping combustion (CLC) has been proposed exploiting dynamically operated packed beds. In this work, an experimental parametric study on this reactor concept has been carried out. The effects of operating ...

S. Noorman; F. Gallucci; M. van Sint Annaland; J. A. M. Kuipers

2011-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

131

Electrostatics and packing in biomolecules : accounting for conformational change in protein folding and binding  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The role of electrostatics and packing in protein folding and molecular association was assessed in different biomolecular systems. A continuum electrostatic model was applied to long-range electrostatic effects in the ...

Caravella, Justin Andrew, 1974-

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Measuring Frac-pack Conductivity at Reservoir Temperature and High Closure Stress  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

fractures packed with high proppant concentrations. Understanding the behavior of the fracture fluid and proppant is critical to pump such a job successfully and to ensure long term productivity from the fracture. A series of laboratory experiments have been...

Fernandes, Preston X.

2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

133

Muscle metabolism and meat quality of Pectoralis from turkeys treated with postmortem electrical stimulation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This experiment was conducted to evaluate the effects of electrical stimulation (ES) on muscle metabolism and breast meat quality in turkeys. Thirty-six turkey hens were either electrically stimulated at the neck in a saline bath (570 V, 450 mA, AC...

Owens, Casey Michelle

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

134

Organic chemistry of balms used in the preparation of pharaonic meat mummies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...few hours in the Egyptian heat. A solution to preserving meat in the burials...hexane to give a saturated hydrocarbon fraction. All of the saturated hydrocarbon factions were submitted to GC/MS...values were determined by GC combustion isotope ratio MS (GC-C-IRMS...

Katherine A. Clark; Salima Ikram; Richard P. Evershed

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Storage characteristics of fresh fish packed in modified gas atmospheres containing carbon dioxide  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

STORAGE CHARACTERISTICS OF FRESH FISH PACKED IN MODIFIED GAS ATMOSPHERES CONTAINING CARBON DIOXIDE A Thesis by MICHEL LANNELONGUE FAVRE Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1980 Major Subject: Food Science and Technology STORAGE CHARACTERISTICS OF FRESH FISH PACKED IN MODIFIED GAS ATMOSPHERES CONTAINING CARBON DIOXIDE A Thesis by MICHEL LANNELONGUE FAVRE Approved as to style...

Lannelongue-Favre, Michel

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

136

Investigation of the thermal conductivity of unconsolidated sand packs containing oil, water, and gas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

INVESTIGATION OF THE THERNAL CONDUCTIVITY OF UNCONSOLIDATED SAND PACKS CONTAINING OIL, WATER, AND GAS A Thesis David E. Gore Submitted to the Graduate School of the Agricultural and Nechanical College oi' Texas in Partial fulfillment.... EXPERIMENTAL EQUIPMENT AND PROCEDURE All tests were performed on unconsolidated sand packs containing either one, two, or three saturating fluids, Phys- ical properties of the sand and saturating fluids are shown in Tables I and II in the Appendix...

Gore, David Eugene

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

137

Packing-Based Approximation Algorithm for the k-Set Cover Problem  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a packing-based approximation algorithm for the $k$-Set Cover problem. We introduce a new local search-based $k$-set packing heuristic, and call it Restricted $k$-Set Packing. We analyze its tight approximation ratio via a complicated combinatorial argument. Equipped with the Restricted $k$-Set Packing algorithm, our $k$-Set Cover algorithm is composed of the $k$-Set Packing heuristic \\cite{schrijver} for $k\\geq 7$, Restricted $k$-Set Packing for $k=6,5,4$ and the semi-local $(2,1)$-improvement \\cite{furer} for 3-Set Cover. We show that our algorithm obtains a tight approximation ratio of $H_k-0.6402+\\Theta(\\frac{1}{k})$, where $H_k$ is the $k$-th harmonic number. For small $k$, our results are 1.8667 for $k=6$, 1.7333 for $k=5$ and 1.5208 for $k=4$. Our algorithm improves the currently best approximation ratio for the $k$-Set Cover problem of any $k\\geq 4$.

Furer, Martin

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Effect of packing material on methane activation in a dielectric barrier discharge reactor  

SciTech Connect

The conversion of methane is measured in a planar-type dielectric barrier discharge reactor using ?-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} (sphere), ?-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} (sphere), and ?-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} (1620 mesh). Investigations on the surface properties and shape of the three packing materials clearly indicate that methane activation is considerably affected by the material used. Capacitances inside the discharge gap are estimated from chargevoltage plots, and a comparison of the generated and transferred charges for different packing conditions show that the difference in surface properties between ?- and ?-phase Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} affects the discharge characteristics. Moreover, all packing conditions show different charge characteristics that are related to the electron density. Finally, the packing material's shape affects the local electron temperature, which is strongly related to methane conversion. The combined results indicate that both microscale and macroscale variations in a packing material affect the discharge characteristics, and a packing material should be considered carefully for effective methane activation.

Jo, Sungkwon; Hoon Lee, Dae; Seok Kang, Woo; Song, Young-Hoon [Korea Institute of Machinery and Materials, 156 Gajeongbuk-ro, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon 305-343 (Korea, Republic of)] [Korea Institute of Machinery and Materials, 156 Gajeongbuk-ro, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon 305-343 (Korea, Republic of)

2013-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

139

Shear thickening and jamming in densely packed suspensions of different particle shapes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigated the effects of particle shape on shear thickening in densely packed suspensions. Rods of different aspect ratios and non-convex hooked rods were fabricated. Viscosity curves and normal stresses were measured using a rheometer for a wide range of packing fractions for each shape. Suspensions of each shape exhibit qualitatively similar Discontinuous Shear Thickening. The logarithmic slope of the stress/shear-rate relation increases dramatically with packing fraction and diverges at a critical packing fraction phi_c which depends on particle shape. The packing fraction dependence of the viscosity curves for different convex shapes can be collapsed when the packing fraction is normalized by phi_c. Intriguingly, viscosity curves for non-convex particles do not collapse on the same set as convex particles, showing strong shear thickening over a wider range of packing fraction. The value of phi_c is found to coincide with the onset of a yield stress at the jamming transition, suggesting the jamming transition also controls shear thickening. The yield stress is found to correspond with trapped air in the suspensions, and the scale of the stress can be attributed to interfacial tension forces which dramatically increase above phi_c due to the geometric constraints of jamming. The relationship between shear and normal stresses is found to be linear in both the shear thickening and jammed regimes, indicating that the shear stresses come from friction. In the limit of zero shear rate, normal stresses pull the rheometer plates together due to the surface tension of the liquid below phi_c, but push the rheometer plates apart due to jamming above phi_c.

Eric Brown; Hanjun Zhang; Nicole A. Forman; Benjamin W. Maynor; Douglas E. Betts; Joseph M. DeSimone; Heinrich M. Jaeger

2011-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

140

The quality of white-tailed deer meat (Odocoileus virginianus) as influenced by slaughtering and handling practices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

THE QUALITY OF WHITE-TAILED DEER MEAT (ODOCOILEUS VIRGINIANUS) AS INFLUENCED BY SLAUGHTERING AND HANDLING PRACTICES A Thesis by JOYCE ALINE HOSCH Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillme nt o...( the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1976 Major Subject: Food Technology THE QUALITY OF WHITE-TAILED DEER MEAT (ODOCOILEUS VIRGINIANUS) AS INFLUENCED BY SLAUGHTERING AND HANDLING PRACTICES A Thesis by JOYCE ALINE BOSCH Approved...

Hosch, Joyce Aline

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "meat packing plants" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Close packing density and fracture strength of adsorbed polydisperse particle layers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The close packing density of log-normal and bimodal distributed, surface-adsorbed particles or discs in 2D is studied by numerical simulation. For small spread in particle size, the system orders in a polycrystalline structure of hexagonal domains. The domain size and the packing density both decrease as the spread in particle size is increased up to 10.5+/-0.5%. From this point onwards the system becomes amorphous, and the close packing density increases again with spread in particle size. We argue that the polycrystalline and amorphous regions are separated by a Kosterlitz-Thouless-type phase transition. In the amorphous region we find the close packing density to vary proportional to the logarithm of the friction factor, or cooling rate. We also studied the fracture behaviour of surface layers of sintered particles. Fracture strength increases with spread in particle size, but the brittleness of the layers shows a minimum at the polycrystalline-amorphous transition. We further show that mixing distributions of big and small particles generally leads to weaker and more brittle layers, even though the close packing density is higher than for either of the particle types. We point out applications to foam stability by the Pickering mechanism.

Robert D. Groot; Simeon D. Stoyanov

2012-01-26T23:59:59.000Z

142

TI-59 helps predict IPRs for gravel-packed gas wells  

SciTech Connect

The inflow performance relationship (IPR) is an important tool for reservoir and production engineers. It helps optimize completion, tubing, gas lift, and storm choke design. It facilitates accurate rate predictions that can be used to evaluate field development decisions. The IPR is the first step of the systems analysis that translates reservoir rock and fluid parameters into predictable flow rates. Use of gravel packing for sand control complicates the calculation that predicts a well's IPR curve, particularly in gas wells where high velocities in the formation and through gravel-filled perforation tunnels can cause turbulent flow. The program presented in this article calculates the pressure drop and the flowing bottomhole pressures at varying flow rates for gravel-packed gas wells. The program was written for a Texas Instruments TI-59 programmable calculator with a PC-100 printer. Program features include: Calculations for in-casing gravel packs, open-hole gravel packs, or ungravel packed wells. Program prompts for the required data variables. Easy change of data values to run new cases. Calculates pressures for an unlimited number of flow rates. Results show the total pressure drop and the relative magnitude of its components.

Capdevielle, W.C.

1983-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Fluctuations, structure factor and polytetrahedra in random packings of sticky hard spheres  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sequentially-built random sphere-packings have been numerically studied in the packing fraction interval $0.329 designed in order to build about 300 aggregates, containing $10^6$ spheres each one, which allowed a careful study of the local fluctuations and an improved accuracy in the calculations of the pair distribution $P(r)$ and structure factors $S(Q)$ of the aggregates. Among various parameters (Voronoi tessellation, contact coordination number distribution,...), fluctuations were quantitatively evaluated by the direct evaluation of the fluctuations of the local sphere number density, which appears to follow a power law. The FWHM of the Voronoi cells volume shows a regular variation over the whole packing fraction range. Dirac peaks appear on the pair correlation function as the packing fraction of the aggregates decreases, indicating the growth of larger and larger polytetrahedra, which manifest in two ways on the structure factor, at low and large $Q$values. These low PF aggregates have a composite structure made of regular polytetrahedra embedded in a more disordered matrix. Incidentally, the irregularity index of the building tetrahedron appears as a better parameter than the packing fraction to describe various features of the aggregates structure.

Marc Bletry; Jean Bletry

2014-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

144

Ship-pack optimization in a two-echelon distribution system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In large distribution systems, distribution centers (DC) deliver some merchandize to their retail stores in size-specific packages, also called ship-packs. These ship-packs include cases (e.g., cartons containing 24 or 48units), inners (packages of 6 or 8units) or eaches (individual units). For each Stock Keeping Unit (SKU), a retailer can decide which of these ship-pack options to use when replenishing its retail stores. Working with a major US retailer, we have developed a cost model that balances DC handling costs, store handling costs and inventory-related costs at both the DC and the stores, and therefore can help to determine the optimum warehouse ship-pack for each SKU. We implement our model for a sample of 529 SKUs, and show that by changing ship-pack size for about 30 SKUs, the retailer can reduce its total cost by 0.3% - 0.4%. Interestingly, we find that most of the cost savings occurs at the DC level.

Naijun Wen; Stephen C. Graves; Z. Justin Ren

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Developer Installed Treatment Plants  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-installed treatment plants. These treatment plants are more commonly known as package wastewater treatment plants. 1

unknown authors

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Development and Analysis of a Gravity-Simulated Particle-Packing Algorithm for Modeling Optimized Rocket Propellants  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

homogeneous distributions of spherical particles. Both the Radial Distribution Function (RDF) and the packing fraction were used to evaluate the validity of the invented algorithm....

Stockmyer, Mark

2007-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

147

Internal Heat Transfer Coefficient Determination in a Packed Bed From the Transient Response Due to Solid Phase Induction Heating  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

equations governing fluid flow and heat transfer in porousParticle-to-Fluid Heat and Mass Transfer in Packed Beds,Systems, Experimental Heat Transfer, Fluid Mechanics and

Geb, David; Zhou, Feng; Catton, Ivan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Design and Simulation of Passive Thermal Management System for Lithium-ion Battery Packs on an Unmanned Ground Vehicle.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? The transient thermal response of a 15-cell, 48 volt, lithium-ion battery pack for an unmanned ground vehicle was simulated with ANSYS Fluent. Heat generation (more)

Parsons, Kevin Kenneth

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Inferring planar disorder in close-packed structures via -machine spectral reconstruction theory: examples from simulated diffraction patterns  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

-Machine spectral reconstruction theory, a method for finding planar disorder in close-packed structures, is applied to four simulated diffraction patterns.

Varn, D.P.

2013-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

150

Specific features of muscles and meat from AOC guaranteed-origin Taureau de Camargue beef cattle  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The French AOC Taureau de Camargue guaranteed-origin breed certification was obtained in 1996. This denomination covers two local breeds, di Biou and Brave, and crossbreeds between them. On average, 2000 head of these beef cattle are raised every year, yielding 300tons of meat. Little research has been done on these breeds, especially on meat quality. The aim of the work reported here was to characterise the muscles of these animals. Two muscles, semitendinosus and triceps brachii, were taken on slaughter from 10 males and 10 females from each of the two breeds. Colour, contractile and metabolic properties, intramuscular lipid contents and fatty acid composition were recorded for each sample. The results obtained highlight special features of the muscles of Taureau de Camargue cattle. Compared with all other French beef breeds, these muscles have a strongly oxidative metabolism, associated with a dark red colour and a very low proportion of \\{IIx\\} fast glycolytic fibers. They also contain very low levels of intramuscular lipids. Analysis of fatty acid composition revealed a particularly favourable dietary profile, with 1520% polyunsaturated fatty acids and about 10% C18:3 fatty acids. We noted a darkening of the meat in both muscles from both breeds, and a strong propensity for myoglobin oxidation.

V. Sant-Lhoutellier; P. Gatellier; I. Fiot; D. Durand; D. Micol; B. Picard

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Pull-Chain "Polymer" Solves Puzzle of Complex Molecular Packing |  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Discovering New Talents for Diamond Discovering New Talents for Diamond Science Highlights Archives: 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010 2009 | 2008 | 2007 | 2006 2005 | 2004 | 2003 | 2002 2001 | 2000 | 1998 | Subscribe to APS Science Highlights rss feed Pull-Chain "Polymer" Solves Puzzle of Complex Molecular Packing MARCH 4, 2010 Bookmark and Share Partial three-dimensional reconstruction, from x-ray tomographic data, of the packing of 2.1-mm ball chains, projected onto a plane. When tightly packed, the chains form nearly circular rigid loops, like the one in the lower right of the image. This behavior may form the basis of a model for better predictions of the rigidity of polymers. (Image courtesy of Ling-Nan Zou and Mark L. Rivers, The University of Chicago) Sometimes the simplest things hold the key to understanding complex

152

Sand pack residual oil saturations as affected by extraction with various solvents  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

invalidate the conclusions of Jennings, as his natural cores were obtained using oQ-base muds, Data presented by Shneerson an4 VasOieva sho? that reservoir 7 mineral surfaces made preferentially oil-wst with crude oils could not be altered in wettability..., and air pressure was main tained on the supply reservoirs for a minimum time. Tbe fluids used to saturate the sand packs were tap water, kerosene, Sradford crude and topped East Texas crude oil, Organic solvents used to extract the sand packs were...

Murray, Clarence

1958-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Frozen plants  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Frozen plants Frozen plants Name: janicehu Status: N/A Age: N/A Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: Around 1993 Question: Why do some plants freeze and others do not? Replies: The main reason some plants freeze and others do not is that some plants do not have much water in them. Pine tree leaves have little water and are therefore difficult to freeze. Another reason is that some plants make chemicals to put into their fluids that reduce the freezing temperature. Salts and oils are some. The polyunsaturated fats found in many plants freeze at a lower temperature than the saturated fats found in many animals. Therefore plant fats are liquid (oils) at room temperature, and animal fats are solid. Plants could not use so many saturated fats as warm blooded animals do or they would freeze up solid at higher temperatures. I know little of plants but many animals can make ethylene glycol to keep themselves from freezing. Ethylene glycol is the active ingredient in car anti-freeze

154

Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2013: A High-Performance PHEV Battery Pack  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Presentation given by LG Chem at 2013 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about a high-performance battery pack the company is researching for plug-in electric vehicles.

155

Energetics and packing of fullerenes in nanotube peapods Mina Yoon,* Savas Berber,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and packing of fullerenes upon their encapsulation in nanotubes. We find a net energy gain associated strain in the nanotube wall. Our results indicate that the encapsulation energy of fullerenes depends identify the optimum nanotube radius that maximizes the encapsulation energy. The encap- sulation energy

156

Airborne release fraction -ARF- and respirable fraction -RF- for foot pack cans in fires  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this analysis is to provide the airborne release fraction (ARF), respirable fraction (RF) and respirable release as a fraction of initial mass for Food Pack Cans (FPCs) containing plutonium powders (e.g., oxide) that become pressurized to the point of bursting in a fire.

CARSON, D.M.

2002-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

157

MBB Safety Induction Pack TO MAKE SURE THAT ALL NEW MEMBERS OF THE DEPARTMENT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

& Safety Policy and can work within its requirements. It can be accessed on the Safety Services web page ............................................. Registration for Genetic Manipulation Work If required email safety@shef.ac.uk - check with Academic Supervisor .......................MBB Safety Induction Pack TO MAKE SURE THAT ALL NEW MEMBERS OF THE DEPARTMENT ATTEND THE REQUIRED

Williamson, Mike P.

158

Experimental Investigation into a Packed Bed Thermal Storage Solution for Solar Gas Turbine Systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract High temperature thermal storage in randomly packed beds of ceramic particles is proposed as an effective storage solution for Solar Gas Turbine (SGT) cycles in the near term. Numerical modelling of these systems allows for optimised thermal storage designs, but such models must be validated against experimental data. In this work an experimental test programme was conducted to generate high temperature heat transfer data for a packed bed operating over the temperature ranges 350-900C and 600-900C. These are representative of two potential SGT cycles. Flue gas from a 45kW LPG burner was used to heat a packed bed of Denstone ceramic pebbles and the testing procedure involved preheating the system to achieve the desired temperature ranges. The fluid and solid temperature profiles in the packed bed were measured in the axial and radial dimensions and are compared to a numerical model with reasonable agreement. Potential modifications to the test facility are described and future testing plans outlined.

P. Klein; T.H. Roos; T.J. Sheer

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Phyllotaxis or the properties of spiral lattices. II. Packing of circles along logarithmic spirals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1603 Phyllotaxis or the properties of spiral lattices. II. Packing of circles along logarithmic of singular transitions. J. Phys. France 50 (1989) 1603-1621 1er JUILLET 1989, Classification Physics:0198900500130160300 #12;1604 among physicists. We therefore gave an introduction to it in I. Next section summarizes

Boyer, Edmond

160

Supporting Information Power generation by packed-bed air-cathode microbial fuel cells  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Supporting Information Power generation by packed-bed air-cathode microbial fuel cells Xiaoyuan b a State Key Joint Laboratory of Environment Simulation and Pollution Control, THU­ VEOLIA Informatics, China University of Mining and Technology, Xuzhou 221116, PR China * Corresponding author: E

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "meat packing plants" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Distinctive features arising in maximally random jammed packings of superballs F. H. Stillinger,2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Natural Sciences, Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton, New Jersey 08540, USA Received 2 January 2010. Stillinger,2 and S. Torquato1,2,3,4,5 1 Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Princeton has been done for random jammed packings of spheres and it is only recently that corresponding

Torquato, Salvatore

162

Rapid Protein Side-Chain Packing via Tree Decomposition Jinbo Xu1,2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is taken into consideration, then our tree-decomposition based energy minimization algorithm is more thanRapid Protein Side-Chain Packing via Tree Decomposition Jinbo Xu1,2 1 School of Computer Science 02139. j3xu@theory.csail.mit.edu Abstract. This paper proposes a novel tree decomposition based side

Xu, Jinbo

163

Frac and pack stimulation: Application and field experience from Hylia Gabon, West Africa  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes a two-step frac/gravel pack completion procedure conducted from a jack-up rig offshore Gabon in 1993 and 1994. After an in-depth, sand production study, seven wells were completed using hydraulic fracturing and cased-hole gravel packs. Because the Anguille formation spreads over a large gross interval, production screens of 50 to 100 m in length were used. Single-stage internal gravel packs (IGPs) on such large intervals were considered impossible to achieve with reasonable skin values. The frac-pack technique was an attractive way to achieve good proppant placement, considering that the formation being fractured would have a more homogeneous conductivity across the whole zone and a uniform proppant placement would be achieved in the perforations as well as in the annulus. High-efficiency frac gel using cross-linked HPG and a low damage one using HEC were compared to determine the best fluid to be used for these completions. Bottom hole pressures during treatment operations, as well as post-treatment pressure build-ups from each well, were analyzed in order to make general recommendations on this hydraulic fracture design.

Petit, G.; Leschi, P.; Dusterhoft, R.

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

164

The GridPACK toolkit for developing power grid simulations on high performance computing platforms  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper describes the GridPACK framework, which is designed to help power grid engineers develop modeling software capable of running on high performance computers. The framework contains modules for setting up distributed power grid networks, ... Keywords: electric power grid, high performance computing, software frameworks

Bruce Palmer; William Perkins; Kevin Glass; Yousu Chen; Shuangshuang Jin; David Callahan

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Carnivorous Plants  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Carnivorous Plants Carnivorous Plants Nature Bulletin No. 597-A March 27, 1976 Forest Preserve District of Cook County George W. Dunne, President Roland F. Eisenbeis, Supt. of Conservation CARNIVOROUS PLANTS Plants, generally, are eaten by insects or furnish other food for them. But there are a few families of strange plants that, instead, "eat" insects and other small animals. About 500 species are distributed over the world, from the arctic to the tropics. Most of them have peculiar leaves that not only attract insects but are equipped to trap and kill their victims. Even more remarkable is the fact that some have glands which secrete a digestive juice that softens and decomposes the animal until it is absorbed by the plant in much the same way as your stomach digests food.

166

Future perspectives of using hollow fibers as structured packings in light hydrocarbon distillation  

SciTech Connect

Olefin and paraffin are the largest chemical commodities. Furthermore, they are major building blocks for the petrochemical industry. Each year, petroleum refining, consumes 4,500 TBtu/yr in separation energy, making it one of the most energy-intensive industries in the United States). Just considering liquefied petroleum gas (ethane/propane/butane) and olefins (ethylene and propylene) alone, the distillation energy consumption is about 400 TBtu/yr in the US. Since petroleum distillation is a mature technology, incremental improvements in column/tray design will only provide a few percent improvements in the performance. However, each percent saving in net energy use amounts to savings of 10 TBtu/yr and reduces CO{sub 2} emissions by 0.2 MTon/yr. In practice, distillation columns require 100 to 200 trays to achieve the desired separation. The height of a transfer unit (HTU) of conventional packings is typical in the range of 36-60 inch. Since 2006, we had explored using several non-selective membranes as the structured packings to replace the conventional packing materials used in propane and propylene distillation. We obtained the lowest HTU of < 8 inch for the hollow fiber column, which was >5 times shorter than that of the conventional packing materials. In 2008, we also investigated this type of packing materials in iso-/n-butane distillation. Because of a slightly larger relative volatility of iso-/n-butane than that of propane/propylene, a wider and a more stable operational range was obtained for the iso-/n-butane pair. However, all of the experiments were conducted on a small scale with flowrate of < 25 gram/min. Recently, we demonstrated this technology on a larger scale (<250 gram/min). Within the loading range of F-factor < 2.2 Pa{sup 0.5}, a pressure drop on the vapor side is below 50 mbar/m, which suggests that the pressure drop of hollow fibers packings is not an engineering barrier for the applications in distillations. The thermal stability study suggests that polypropylene hollow fibers are stable after a long time exposure to C{sub 2} - C{sub 4} mixtures. The effects of packing density on the separation efficiency will be discussed.

Yang, Dali [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Orler, Bruce [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Tornga, Stephanie [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Welch, Cindy [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2011-01-26T23:59:59.000Z

167

A novel reactor configuration for packed bed chemical-looping combustion of syngas  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This study reports on the application of chemical looping combustion (CLC) in pressurized packed bed reactors using syngas as a fuel. High pressure operation of CLC in packed bed has a different set of challenges in terms of material properties, cycle and reactor design compared to fluidized bed operation. However, high pressure operation allows the use of inherently more efficient power cycles than low pressure fluidized bed solutions. This paper quantifies the challenges in high pressure operation and introduces a novel reactor concept with which those challenges can be addressed. Continuous cyclic operation of a packed bed CLC system is simulated in a 1D numerical reactor model. Importantly, it is demonstrated that the temperature profiles that can occur in a packed bed reactor as a result of the different process steps do not accumulate, and have a negligible effect on the overall performance of the system. Moreover, it has been shown that an even higher energy efficiency can be achieved by feeding the syngas from the opposite direction during the reduction step (i.e. countercurrent operation). Unfortunately, in this configuration mode, more severe temperature fluctuations occur in the reactor exhaust, which is disadvantageous for the operation of a downstream gas turbine. Finally, a novel reactor configuration is introduced in which the desired temperature rise for obtained hot pressured air suitable for a gas turbine is obtained by carrying out the process with two packed bed reactor in series (two-stage CLC). This is shown to be a good alternative to the single bed configuration, and has the added advantage of decreasing the demands on both the oxygen carrier and the reactor materials and design specification.

H.P. Hamers; F. Gallucci; P.D. Cobden; E. Kimball; M. van Sint Annaland

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

A study of the factors influencing the cooking of cottonseed meats  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nary l041 L Stuhy of the gh. otora lnfluenoing The Cooking of Cottaaeee4 Meate Submitte4 to the Saeulty of the 4grioultural an4 Meahanioal College of Texaa Partial Fulfillment of th? Requiremente fax' the Dagree of Maator of Soienoe... teaperaturos will destroy the ?nayajtie aetioa, but when ihe natter oools off, it 1s agaia inooulated by onayjss produoing ocgaaisas frea tho air. Seat will hydroliae tho o1l when aoisture is present. The oolor of the oil is one of the festers in its...

Howard, John

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

169

A study of the changes occurring in the nitrogenous constituents of cottonseed meats during cooking  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

'Loni It is !:news that large quantitios of soluble oarbobydrates r~y interfere with oomplote sstraotion of the fatai One hundred Crwns of tho dr! od meats are entraotod progressively with petroleum others ashy~ nous ethyl others aaotoneq bonsone absolute alcohol... 2 ~ Goa'to Cooko4 o, t 222 2 ~ "'oats Cooks4 at 293 ce etaatoo ;e of Day 00 of Gsaio Latraot ", . Of Day Roots ", ~ Of Hx tfast &~of D itof Boats Rats'ast 0 20 40 6o 60 LCO 120 120 (ooko) 0000069 0 066199 6 000108 O. OO140 5...

Adams, Robert Solomon

1936-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Sorption-capacity limited retardation of radionuclides transport in water-saturated packing materials  

SciTech Connect

Radionuclides breakthrough times as calculated through constant retardation factors obtained in dilute solutions are non-conservative. The constant retardation approach regards the solid as having infinite sorption capacity throughout the solid. However, as the solid becomes locally saturated, such as in the proximity of the waste form-packing materials interface, it will exhibit no retardation properties, and transport will take place as if the radionuclides were locally non-reactive. The magnitude of the effect of finite sorption capacity of the packing materials on radionuclide transport is discussed with reference to high-level waste package performance. An example based on literature sorption data indicates that the breakthrough time may be overpredicted by orders of magnitude using a constant retardation factor as compared to using the entire sorption isotherm to obtain a concentration-dependent retardation factor. 8 references, 3 figures, 3 tables.

Pescatore, C.; Sullivan, T.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Redesign of the SNS Modulator H-Bridge for Utilization of Press-Pack IGBTs  

SciTech Connect

The power conversion group at SLAC is currently redesigning the H-bridge switch plates of the High Voltage Converter Modulators at the Spallation Neutron Source. This integral part to the modulator operation has been indentified as a source of several modulator faults and potentially limits reliability with pulse width modulation operation. This paper is a presentation of the design and implementation of a redesigned switch plate based upon press-pack IGBTs.

Kemp, Mark A.; Burkhart, Craig; /SLAC; Anderson, David E.; /Oak Ridge

2008-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

172

Utilization of Structured Packing for Energy Savings in Distillation and Absorption Columns  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. GLYCOL CONTACTOR While glycol contactors for natural gas dehydration have traditionally used bubble cap trays or, more recently, valve trays, structured packings have been applied with increasing success. With continuing changes in oil field gas... production rates, trayed glycol contactors are often gas production rates, trayed glycol contactors are often operating at the limits of their hydraulic capacity. For the high vapor and low 1iquid loadings typical of these applications, the hydraulic...

Berven, O. J.; Howard, W. E.

173

Exact algorithms and APX-hardness results for geometric packing and covering problems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We study several geometric set cover and set packing problems involving configurations of points and geometric objects in Euclidean space. We show that it is APX-hard to compute a minimum cover of a set of points in the plane by a family of axis-aligned fat rectangles, even when each rectangle is an ?-perturbed copy of a single unit square. We extend this result to several other classes of objects including almost-circular ellipses, axis-aligned slabs, downward shadows of line segments, downward shadows of graphs of cubic functions, fat semi-infinite wedges, 3-dimensional unit balls, and axis-aligned cubes, as well as some related hitting set problems. We also prove the APX-hardness of a related family of discrete set packing problems. Our hardness results are all proven by encoding a highly structured minimum vertex cover problem which we believe may be of independent interest. In contrast, we give a polynomial-time dynamic programming algorithm for geometric set cover where the objects are pseudodisks containing the origin or are downward shadows of pairwise 2-intersecting x-monotone curves. Our algorithm extends to the weighted case where a minimum-cost cover is required. We give similar algorithms for several related hitting set and discrete packing problems.

Timothy M. Chan; Elyot Grant

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Transient modeling and validation of lithium ion battery pack with air cooled thermal management system for electric vehicles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A transient numerical model of a lithium ion battery (LiB) pack with air cooled thermal management system is developed and validated for electric vehicle applications. In the battery model, the open circuit volta...

G. Y. Cho; J. W. Choi; J. H. Park; S. W. Cha

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Effect of Conjugated Linoleic Acid or Oleic Acid Addition on Fatty Acid Composition Profiles of Poultry Meat  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on the omega-6 fatty acid accumulation in broiler chicken breast and thigh meat. Eight broilers from each treatment were processed at 4 and 6 weeks of age, respectively. Regarding the diets containing five different fat sources, broiler chickens fed CLA...

Shin, Dae Keun

2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

176

Green IS for GHG emission reporting on product-level? an action design research project in the meat industry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Greenhouse gas emission reporting gained importance in the last years, due to societal and governmental pressure. However, this task is highly complex, especially in interdependent batch production processes and for reporting on the product-level. Green ... Keywords: GHG emissions, Green IS, PCF, action design research, design science, meat industry, product carbon footprint

Hendrik Hilpert; Christoph Beckers; Lutz M. Kolbe; Matthias Schumann

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Calcium and -Tocopherol Suppress Cured Meat Promotion of Chemically-Induced Colon Carcinogenesis in Rats and Reduce  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in Rats and Reduce Associated Biomarkers in Human Volunteers Fabrice H.F. Pierre1,7, Océane C.B. Martin1 and increases specific biomarkers in the colon of rats. Objectives: To investigate whether cured meat modulates preneoplastic lesions in rats, and associated biomarkers in rats and in humans. Design: Six additives (calcium

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

178

Packed Lunches.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of dry mustard, finely chopped onion and capers. Omit celery. Beef Filling 1 cup cooked beef, cut up 1 tablespoon lemon juice Y2 cup finely chopped celery Y2 teaspoon salt 2 tablespoons finely chopped onions 1/8 teaspoon pepper 2 tablespoons sweet... and prepared sandwich fillings. Don't forget, you can use convenient supper leftovers, too. Keep a variety of purchased breads on hand rather than' making them from scratch. Also, provide assorted cracker.s and chips as bread alternates for a variety...

Reasonover, Frances L.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Bog Plants  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Bog Plants Bog Plants Nature Bulletin No. 385-A June 6, 1970 Forest Preserve District of Cook County George W. Dunne, President Roland F. Eisenbeis, Supt. of Conservation BOG PLANTS Fifty years ago there were probably more different kinds of plants within a 50 mile radius from the Loop than anywhere else in the Temperate Zone. Industrial, commercial and residential developments, plus drainage and fires have erased the habitats where many of the more uncommon kinds flourished, including almost all of the tamarack swamps and quaking bogs. These bogs were a heritage from the last glacier. Its front had advanced in a great curve, from 10 to 20 miles beyond what is now the shoreline of Lake Michigan, before the climate changed and it began to melt back. Apparently the retreat was so rapid that huge blocks of ice were left behind, surrounded by the outwash of boulders, gravel and ground-up rock called "drift". These undrained depressions; became lakes. Sphagnum moss invaded many of them and eventually the thick floating mats of it supported a variety of bog-loving plants including certain shrubs, tamarack, and a small species of birch. Such lakes became bogs.

180

The effect of an employee educational program on the bacteriological quality of blue crab meat  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

University Chairman of Advisory Committee: Dr. R. Nickelson II Employee educational programs were used in various food processing plants to improve the plant sanitation. Little 1;terature had been reported on the effect of sanitation workshops... on the sanitation prac- tices of employees, productivity of the plant, product. yields, and microbiological quality of the finished product. Two different blue crab processing plants along the Texas coast were monitored for aerobic plate counts (APC), coliforms...

Biediger, Catherine M

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "meat packing plants" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Poisonous Plants  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Plants Plants Nature Bulletin No. 276 October 1, 1983 Forest Preserve District of Cook County George W. Dunne, President Roland F. Eisenbeis, Supt. of Conservation POISONOUS PLANTS In the autumn of 1818, Nancy Hanks Lincoln died of milk sickness and left her son, Abe, motherless before he was ten years old. Since colonial times, in most of the eastern half of the United States, that dreaded disease has been a hazard in summer and fall, wherever cattle graze in woodlands or along wooded stream banks. In the 1920s it was finally traced to white snakeroot -- an erect branched plant, usually about 3 feet tall, with a slender round stem, sharply-toothed nettle-like leaves and, in late summer, several small heads of tiny white flowers. Cows eating small amounts over a long period develop a disease called "trembles", and their milk may bring death to nursing calves or milk sickness to humans. When larger amounts are eaten the cow, herself, may die.

182

The Functional Role of Pack-MULEs in Rice Inferred from Purifying Selection and Expression Profile  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...RIKEN Plant Science Center, 1-7-22 Suehiro-cho...Illumina Inc., 25861 Industrial Blvd., Hayward...Furthermore, an assessment of the selection...Plant Science Center at RIKEN, Japan...Furthermore, an assessment of the selection...

Kousuke Hanada; Veronica Vallejo; Kan Nobuta; R. Keith Slotkin; Damon Lisch; Blake C. Meyers; Shin-Han Shiu; Ning Jiang

2009-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

183

GridPACK Toolkit for Developing Power Grid Simulations on High Performance Computing Platforms  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes the GridPACK framework, which is designed to help power grid engineers develop modeling software capable of running on todays high performance computers. The framework contains modules for setting up distributed power grid networks, assigning buses and branches with arbitrary behaviors to the network, creating distributed matrices and vectors, using parallel linear and non-linear solvers to solve algebraic equations, and mapping functionality to create matrices and vectors based on properties of the network. In addition, the framework contains additional functionality to support IO and to manage errors.

Palmer, Bruce J.; Perkins, William A.; Glass, Kevin A.; Chen, Yousu; Jin, Shuangshuang; Callahan, Charles D.

2013-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

184

Bagdad Plant  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Bagdad Plant Bagdad Plant 585 Silicon Drive Leechburg, P A 15656 * ATI Allegheny "'I Ludlum e-mail: Raymond.Polinski@ATImetals.com Mr. James Raba U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Building Technologies Program 1000 Independence Avenue SW Washington, DC 205585-0121 Raymond J. Polinski General Manager Grain-Oriented Electrical Steel RE: Distribution Transformers Rulemaking Docket Number EE-2010-STD-0048 RIN 1904-AC04 Submitted 4-10-12 via email Mr. Raba, I was planning to make the following closing comments at the DOE Public Meeting on February 23, 2012, but since the extended building evacuation caused the meeting to run well past the scheduled completion time I decided to submit my comments directly to you for the record.

185

Stability of nickel-coated sand as gravel-pack material for thermal wells  

SciTech Connect

Laboratory flow tests have been carried out to study the stability of various nickel-coated sands under aqueous steam temperature and pH conditions that may exist in thermal recovery operations. Other gravel-pack materials tested include Ottawa sand, sintered bauxite, cement clinker, zirconium oxide, and nickel pellets. A comparison was made between the performances of these materials after exposure to identical thermal and hydrolytic conditions. Test results indicate that nickel-coated sands are highly resistant to dissolution at temperatures as high as 300/sup 0/C (570/sup 0/F) and to solution pH's from 4.75 to 11. Weight losses measured after a 72-hour period were less than 1%. In contrast, weight losses from sintered bauxite, zirconium oxide, and Ottawa sand dissolution tests were 30 to 70 times higher under the same conditions. Cement clinker losses were in the intermediate range under alkaline conditions. API standard crushing and acid-solubility tests for proppants also were performed on nickel-coated sands. These results were favorable in that they exceeded the recommended standards. This study of nickel-coated sand stability and mechanical strength has demonstrated its high potential for application as either a gravel-pack material or proppant in thermal recovery operations.

Sacuta, A.; Nguyen, D.M.; Kissel, G.A. (Alberta Research Council (CA))

1988-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Thermal analysis and two-directional air flow thermal management for lithium-ion battery pack  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Thermal management is a routine but crucial strategy to ensure thermal stability and long-term durability of the lithium-ion batteries. An air-flow-integrated thermal management system is designed in the present study to dissipate heat generation and uniformize the distribution of temperature in the lithium-ion batteries. The system contains of two types of air ducts with independent intake channels and fans. One is to cool the batteries through the regular channel, and the other minimizes the heat accumulations in the middle pack of batteries through jet cooling. A three-dimensional anisotropic heat transfer model is developed to describe the thermal behavior of the lithium-ion batteries with the integration of heat generation theory, and validated through both simulations and experiments. Moreover, the simulations and experiments show that the maximum temperature can be decreased to 33.1C through the new thermal management system in comparison with 42.3C through the traditional ones, and temperature uniformity of the lithium-ion battery packs is enhanced, significantly.

Kuahai Yu; Xi Yang; Yongzhou Cheng; Changhao Li

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Carcass characteristics and meat quality attributes of rams maintained on processed deoiled mahua (Brassica latifolia) seed cake  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Sixteen crossbred rams were allotted to four groups with four animals in each. Rams in the control group were supplied requisite quantity of standard ration consisting of maize 32%, groundnut cake 32%, wheat bran 33%, mineral mixture 2% and common salt 1%. All animals were offered green fodder at the rate of 200 g and ad lib. wheat straw. Ten months feeding was followed by slaughter studies. Slaughter weight, edible and nonedible offals of rams did not differ significantly among different groups. A gradual decline tendency in dressed weight was not significant. Carcass length (60.63 to 62.75 cm) was not influenced by the dietary treatments. Higher (P DMSC), irrespective of treatment decreased the fat content of different cuts. Differences in salt-extractable proteins and nonprotein nitrogenous substances of meat were significant (P DMSC results in leaner carcasses, as desired by health-conscious people, and quality attributes of meat were not affected by the treatments.

V.Kesava Rao; S.S. Sengar; V.K. Jain; O.N. Agarawala

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Birth, weaning, carcass, and meat traits in Bos indicus-Bos taurus reciprocal backcross calves produced through embryo transfer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

BIRTH, WEANING, CARCASS, AND MEAT TRAITS IN Bos indicus-Bos taurus RECIPROCAL BACKCROSS CALVES PRODUCED THROUGH EMBRYO TRANSFER A Thesis by TONYA SUE AMEN Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M... CALVES PRODUCED THROUGH EMBRYO TRANSFER A Thesis by TONYA SUE AMEN Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE...

Amen, Tonya Sue

2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

189

Gasification Plant Databases  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Gasification Plant Databases News Gasifipedia Gasifier Optimization Feed Systems Syngas Processing Systems Analyses Gasification Plant Databases International Activity Program Plan...

190

Losses of Moisture and Plant Food By Percolation.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. This does not refer to the grain hut to the entire plant. Barley requires from 262 to 774. pounds of water to proouce one pound dry matter, and red clover from 249 to 453 pounds. 1.'he qu:mtity estimated by different investi gators varies., but we can...; known as "black waxy land"; very good soil; pro duce~ t bale cotton aml 35 bushels corn; cotton and corn chiefly grown; no fertilizer used; soil packs, dries into clods; does not wash, and dirt clocs not wash onto it; cultivated 30 to 40 years...

Fraps, G. S.

1914-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Plant Rosettes  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Rosettes Rosettes Nature Bulletin No. 662 January 13, 1962 Forest Preserve District of Cook County John J. Duffy, President David H. Thompson, Senior Naturalist PLANT ROSETTES In winter our landscape is mostly leafless trees silhouetted against the sky, and the dead stalks of wildflowers, weeds and tall grasses -- with or without a blanket of snow. Some snows lie on the ground for only a few days. Others follow one after another and cover the ground with white for weeks at a time. Soon the eye begins to hunger for a glimpse of something green and growing. Then, in sunny spots where the snow has melted or where youngsters have cleared it away, there appear clusters of fresh green leaves pressed tight to the soil. Whether it is a dandelion in the lawn, a pansy in a flower border, or a thistle in a vacant lot, such a typical leaf cluster -- called a winter rosette -- is a ring of leaves around a short central stem. The leaves are narrow at the base, wider toward the tip, and spread flat on the ground with little or no overlap. This arrangement gives full exposure to sunlight and close contact with the warmer soil beneath. Such plants continue to grow, sometimes faster, sometimes slower, even under snow, throughout winter.

192

Assessing the Power Generation Solution by Thermal-chemical Conversion of Meat Processing Industry Waste  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The paper presents a waste to energy conversion solution using a pyro-air-gasification process applied to biodegradable residues from meat processing industry integrated with small scale thermodynamic cycle for power generation. The solution of air- gasification at atmospheric pressure is based on experimental research and engineering computation developed during the study. The input data, such as: waste chemical composition, low/high heating value and proximate analysis, correspond to real waste products, sampled directly from the industrial processing line. Separate drying as first stage pre-treatment and integrated partial drying inside the reactor was used. The syngas low heating value of about 4.3MJ/Nm3 is insured by its combustible fraction (H2 12.2%, CO 19.2%, CH4 1.6%). According to syngas composition the thermodynamic cycle was chosen Otto gas engine. For a given waste feed-in flow considered in our computation of about 110kg/h the power output obtained is about 50 kWel. The global energy efficiency of the unit is about 15%. The results offer answers to energy recovery waste disposal for residues with characteristics that are not suitable for classic incineration or limit the energy efficiency of the process making it non-economical (the average humidity of the raw waste is about 42% in mass). The research focused on waste to energy conversion process energy efficiency, waste neutralization and power generation.

Cosmin Marculescu; Florin Alexe

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

The Formation of Systems with Tightly-packed Inner Planets (STIPs) via Aerodynamic Drift  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The NASA Kepler mission has revealed an abundant class of Systems with Tightly-packed Inner Planets (STIPs). The current paradigm for planet formation suggests that small planetesimals will quickly spiral into the host star due to aerodynamic drag, preventing rocky planet formation. In contrast, we find that aerodynamic drift, when acting on an ensemble of solids, can concentrate mass at short orbital periods in gaseous disks. Sublimation fronts may further aid this process. Kepler data suggest that the innermost known planets are found near the silicate sublimation zone. STIP planets should have a wide range of volatile fractions due to aerodynamic drift and H2 dissociation-driven gas accretion. We further propose that the low mass of Mars is evidence that the Solar System was once a proto-STIP.

Boley, Aaron C

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Understanding parasitic energy costs for PHEV conversion packs as we move toward V2G  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Building practical plug-in electric vehicles is under way at many car companies around the world, though it is expected that they will not be widely available in the USA for quite some time. The ultimate vehicle cost is controlled substantially by the battery storage capacity required and this, in turn, is governed by the vehicle size and performance expected by consumers. The present paper examines the specific situation where existing hybrid vehicles might be converted to plug-in functionality by adding a supplementary battery pack to extend the driving range while keeping the electric/gasoline hybrid drive-train intact. We examine fuel efficiency from the standpoint of vehicle weight to extract system parameters that quantify the extra fuel consumption associated with driving a slightly heavier vehicle after plug-in conversion has been effected. We show that only modest additional battery capacity is required to meet most commuter needs in a cost-effective manner.

Brian D. Viezbicke; III"> Dunbar P. Birnie III

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Molecular structures and crystal packings of 2-styrylquinoline and its derivatives  

SciTech Connect

The crystal and molecular structures of five styrylheterocycles of the quinoline series are studied. All molecules are planar. The double bond in the ethylene fragment is essentially localized. In the molecule of 2-(4-methylstyryl)quinoline, the ethylene fragment is disordered by the bicycle-pedal pattern. In four of the five compounds, the crystal packings do not contain stacking dimers prearranged for the [2+2] photocycloaddition (PCA) reaction. In the crystal of 2-(3-nitrostyryl)quinoline, pairs of crystallographically independent molecules form stacking dimers. In a dimer, the ethylene fragments have a twist orientation, which is incompatible with the PCA reaction. An attempt to initiate a temperature-dependent process of bicyclepedal isomerization in the crystal and, as a consequence, the PCA reaction by means of simultaneous irradiation and heating of a single crystal is unsuccessful.

Kuz'mina, L. G., E-mail: kuzmina@igic.ras.ru [Russian Academy of Sciences, Kurnakov Institute of General and Inorganic Chemistry (Russian Federation); Sitin, A. G. [Mendeleev University of Chemical Technology of Russia (Russian Federation); Gulakova, E. N.; Fedorova, O. A. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Nesmeyanov Institute of Organoelement Compounds (Russian Federation); Lermontova, E. Kh.; Churakov, A. V. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Kurnakov Institute of General and Inorganic Chemistry (Russian Federation)

2011-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

196

Active coupling control in densely packed subwavelength waveguides via dark mode  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The ever growing need for energy-efficient and fast communications is driving the development of highly integrated photonic circuits where controlling light at the nanoscale becomes the most critical aspect of information transfer . Directional couplers, two interacting optical waveguides placed in close proximity, are important building blocks in these integrated photonics circuits and have been employed as optical modulators and switches for high speed communication, data processing and integrated quantum operations. However, active control over the coupling between closely packed waveguides is highly desirable and yet remains a critical barrier towards ultra small footprint devices. A general approach to achieve active control in waveguide systems is to exploit optical nonlinearities enabled by a strong control pulse. However these devices suffer from the nonlinear absorption induced by the intense control pulse as the signal and its control propagate in the same waveguide. Here we experimentally demonstra...

Suchowski, Haim; Hatakeyama, Taiki; Wu, Chihhui; Feng, Liang; OBrien, Kevin; Wang, Yuan; Zhang, Xiang

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Efficient design of desalination system using photovoltaic and packed bed systems  

SciTech Connect

This work presents a new way to realize continuous operation of a solar desalination system to produce fresh water using solar energy for a dual purpose. Here, solar energy is used directly as heat energy through solar radiation incident on an inverse V-shape still cover during sunlight hours. At the same time, the solar energy can be converted through a photovoltaic (PV) array into electric energy, which is stored in the battery system during sunlight hours. To realize the continuity of still operation daily and overnight, the batteries are discharged during the night at a suitable rate to feed an electric heater. The electric heater is designed to generate the required heat for desalination during the night. The heat is equivalent to that which can be absorbed during the day and that gives the temperature difference to gain evaporation and fresh water (productivity). This modified still is provided with a packed bed layer installed in the bottom of the basin to assist the system during the day and at night, i.e., this modified still will be more efficient. The quantity of heat energy during the night is adjusted to give a saline water temperature in the range that occurs in the actual solar still during sunlight hours. The performance of all components of the present still are discussed. The use of PV and backed bed systems means higher efficiency than the passive still, as the modified still produces large quantities of fresh water in August for a saline water depth of 0.01 m by using glass wool insulation 0.05 m thick and glass spheres as a packed bed with 0.0213 m bed length.

Fahmy, F.H.; Abdel-Rehim, Z.S. [National Research Center, Cairo (Egypt)

1998-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Cell, Vol. 64, 1007-1015, March 6, 1991, Copyright 0 1991 by Cell Press Liquid-Crystalline, Phage-like Packing of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

responsible for its packaging and release. In packaging, a high degree of condensation must be achieved of the available space, their presence reduces the overall packing efficiency. Particularly high packing effi condensation reactions. In the packaged state, the nucleic acid is usually not metabol- ically active

Baker, Timothy S.

199

Improved Battery Pack Thermal Management to Reduce Cost and Increase Energy Density: Cooperative Research and Development Final Report, CRADA Number CRD-12-499  

SciTech Connect

Under this CRADA NREL will support Creare's project for the Department of Energy entitled 'Improved Battery Pack Thermal Management to Reduce Cost and Increase Energy Density' which involves the development of an air-flow based cooling product that increases energy density, safety, and reliability of hybrid electric vehicle battery packs.

Smith, K.

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

An Integrated Power Pack of Dye-Sensitized Solar Cell and Li Battery Based on Double-Sided TiO2 Nanotube Arrays  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is based on a silicon solar panel and a solid-state lithium battery as the two independent parts, whichAn Integrated Power Pack of Dye-Sensitized Solar Cell and Li Battery Based on Double-Sided TiO2 harvest and storage processes. This power pack incorporates a series-wound dye- sensitized solar cell

Wang, Zhong L.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "meat packing plants" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Power generation by packed-bed air-cathode microbial fuel cells Xiaoyuan Zhang a,b  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Power generation by packed-bed air-cathode microbial fuel cells Xiaoyuan Zhang a,b , Juan Shi c Laboratory of Environment Simulation and Pollution Control, THU­VEOLIA Environment Joint Research Center Park, PA 16802, USA c School of Environment Science and Spatial Informatics, China University of Mining

202

FREE Name Tags for 1st year Students FREE Selected Course Packs for 2nd year Students  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

· FREE Name Tags for 1st year Students · FREE Selected Course Packs for 2nd year Students Process · Discounts & Free Registration to Events · Financial Support for Student Projects & Groups (up to $11,000 each year!) · Discounts on Insurance, Rental Cars, and more! · FREE Legal Advice · Expanded

Liu, Taosheng

203

Short Metal Capillary Columns Packed with Polymer-Coated Fibrous Materials in High-Temperature Gas Chromatography  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......along with the subsequent commercialization. However, only a limited...After the deac- tivation process, a bundle of heat-resistant...followed by the polymer-coating process onto the packed filaments...capillary The metal deactivation process was carried out according......

Yoshihiro Saito; Mitsuhiro Ogawa; Motohiro Imaizumi; Kazuhiro Ban; Akira Abe; Tsutomu Takeichi; Hiroo Wada; Kiyokatsu Jinno

204

Seafood Plant Sanitation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A hygienically designed plant can improve the wholesomeness of seafood and the sanitation program. The location of the seafood plant can contribute to the sanitation of...

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Resin Liner Recovery and Over-Packing at Ontario Power Generation's Western Waste Management Facility  

SciTech Connect

Spent resins generated from Ontario Power Generation (OPG)'s and Bruce Power's Candu reactor operations are stored at OPG's Western Waste Management Facility in Kincardine, Ontario, Canada. The older resins are contained in 3 m{sup 3} epoxy-coated cylindrical carbon steel containers known as resin liners. The liners are stored in a stacked configuration within cylindrical in-ground containers. Previous studies indicated evidence of unacceptable liner wall corrosion and the potential for eventual leakage of resin from the liners. Based on this, OPG elected to re-package the majority of the resin liners into stainless steel over-packs. A contract for this work was awarded to a project team consisting of Duratek of Canada, Kinectrics, Inc. and E.S. Fox. This paper provides an overall summary of project activities focusing on the effectiveness of the equipment utilized and the soundness of the developed programs, plans and procedures. Specific information is provided on key aspects of the project and the overall achievement of project goals. (authors)

Pearson, S.D. [EnergySolutions, Columbia, SC (Colombia); Husain, A. [Kinectrics, Toronto, Ontario (Canada)

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Evaluation of a subsurface oxygenation technique using colloidal gas aphron injections into packed column reactors  

SciTech Connect

Bioremediation may be a remedial technology capable of decontaminating subsurface environments. The objective of this research was to evaluate the use of colloidal gas aphron (CGA) injection, which is the injection of micrometer-size air bubbles in an aqueous surfactant solution, as a subsurface oxygenation technique to create optimal growth conditions for aerobic bacteria. Along with this, the capability of CGAs to act as a soil-washing agent and free organic components from a coal tar-contaminated matrix was examined. Injection of CGAs may be useful for remediation of underground coal gasification (UCG) sites. Because of this, bacteria and solid material from a UCG site located in northeastern Wyoming were used in this research. Colloidal gas aphrons were generated and pumped through packed column reactors (PCRS) containing post-burn core materials. For comparison, PCRs containing sand were also studied. Bacteria from this site were tested for their capability to degrade phenol, a major contaminant at the UCG site, and were also used to bioaugment the PCR systems. In this study we examined: (1) the effect of CGA injection on dissolved oxygen concentrations in the PCR effluents, (2) the effect of CGA, H[sub 2]O[sub 2], and phenol injections on bacterial populations, (3) the stability and transport of CGAs over distance, and (4) CGA injection versus H[sub 2]O[sub 2] injection as an oxygenation technique.

Wills, R.A.; Coles, P.

1991-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Evaluation of a subsurface oxygenation technique using colloidal gas aphron injections into packed column reactors  

SciTech Connect

Bioremediation may be a remedial technology capable of decontaminating subsurface environments. The objective of this research was to evaluate the use of colloidal gas aphron (CGA) injection, which is the injection of micrometer-size air bubbles in an aqueous surfactant solution, as a subsurface oxygenation technique to create optimal growth conditions for aerobic bacteria. Along with this, the capability of CGAs to act as a soil-washing agent and free organic components from a coal tar-contaminated matrix was examined. Injection of CGAs may be useful for remediation of underground coal gasification (UCG) sites. Because of this, bacteria and solid material from a UCG site located in northeastern Wyoming were used in this research. Colloidal gas aphrons were generated and pumped through packed column reactors (PCRS) containing post-burn core materials. For comparison, PCRs containing sand were also studied. Bacteria from this site were tested for their capability to degrade phenol, a major contaminant at the UCG site, and were also used to bioaugment the PCR systems. In this study we examined: (1) the effect of CGA injection on dissolved oxygen concentrations in the PCR effluents, (2) the effect of CGA, H{sub 2}O{sub 2}, and phenol injections on bacterial populations, (3) the stability and transport of CGAs over distance, and (4) CGA injection versus H{sub 2}O{sub 2} injection as an oxygenation technique.

Wills, R.A.; Coles, P.

1991-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Modeling of passive thermal management for electric vehicle battery packs with PCM between cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract A passive thermal management system is examined for an electric vehicle battery pack. Phase change material (PCM) is infused in foam layers separating the lithium-ion (Li-ion) cells. Known operating conditions lead to selecting a suitable PCM for the application, n-octadecane wax. Suitable porous foam for infusion is decided on through experimentation. Finite volume based simulations are conducted to study the thermal behavior of a 4 cell sub-module. The effect of different discharge rates are compared for this sub-module, with and without the PCM's presence. The results show that the maximum temperature in the system is decreased up to 7.3K by replacing dry foam with PCM-soaked wet foam. The addition of PCM also makes the temperature distribution more uniform across the cells. The modeling results give indication of the quantity of PCM required, show the influence of the transient melt behavior under dynamic operating conditions, and examine design constraints associated with this approach.

N. Javani; I. Dincer; G.F. Naterer; G.L. Rohrauer

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

NETL: Water-Energy Interface - Power Plant Water Management  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

An Innovative Fresh Water Production Process for Fossil Fired Power Plants An Innovative Fresh Water Production Process for Fossil Fired Power Plants Using Energy Stored in Main Condenser Cooling Water - University of Florida This project replaces the cooling tower in a fossil fired power plant with an innovative diffusion driven desalination (DDD) plant that will render the power plant a net producer of fresh water. The energy required to drive the desalination process comes from the main condenser cooling water, which would otherwise be discharged. Saline water is used to condense the low pressure steam exiting the turbine. The hot, saline water exiting the condenser is sprayed into the top of a diffusion tower. The diffusion tower is filled with high surface area packing material such as that used in air stripping towers to enhance the water/air surface area. Air is blown through the bottom of the tower and becomes humidified. The humidified air goes to a direct-contact condenser where the fresh water is condensed. This process has an advantage over conventional desalination technology in that it may be driven by waste heat with very low thermodynamic availability. Also, cold air is a byproduct of this process which can be used to cool buildings.

210

Polyhydroxyalkanoate synthesis in plants  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Novel transgenic plants and plant cells are capable of biosynthesis of polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA). Heterologous enzymes involved in PHA biosynthesis, particularly PHA polymerase, are targeted to the peroxisome of a transgenic plant. Transgenic plant materials that biosynthesize short chain length monomer PHAs in the absence of heterologous .beta.-ketothiolase and acetoacetyl-CoA reductase are also disclosed.

Srienc, Friedrich (Lake Elmo, MN); Somers, David A. (Roseville, MN); Hahn, J. J. (New Brighton, MN); Eschenlauer, Arthur C. (Circle Pines, MN)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Ethylene insensitive plants  

SciTech Connect

Nucleic acid and polypeptide sequences are described which relate to an EIN6 gene, a gene involved in the plant ethylene response. Plant transformation vectors and transgenic plants are described which display an altered ethylene-dependent phenotype due to altered expression of EIN6 in transformed plants.

Ecker, Joseph R. (Carlsbad, CA); Nehring, Ramlah (La Jolla, CA); McGrath, Robert B. (Philadelphia, PA)

2007-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

212

Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Development of Cell/Pack Level Models for Automotive Li-Ion Batteries with Experimental Validation  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Presentation given by EC Power at 2014 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about evelopment of cell/pack level models...

213

A generalization of Thue's theorem to packings of non-equal discs, and an application to a discrete approximation of entropy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we generalize the classical theorem of Thue about the optimal circular disc packing in the plane. We are given a family of circular discs, not necessarily of equal radii, with the property that the inflation of every disc by a factor of $2$ around its center does not contain any center of another disc in the family (notice that this implies that the family of discs is a packing). We show that in this case the density of the given packing is at most $\\frac{\\pi}{2\\sqrt{3}}$, which is the density of the optimal unit disc packing. This result is used to obtain a discrete approximation to the Entropy functional in two dimensional domain.

Rom Pinchasi; Gershon Wolansky

2014-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

214

Plant immune systems  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Plant immune systems Plant immune systems Name: stephanie Status: N/A Age: N/A Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: Around 1993 Question: Do plants have an immune system? How does it work? Are plants able to "fight off" infections such as Dutch Elm disease? Replies: In the broadest sense, an immune system is any method an organism has protect itself from succeeding to another organism's efforts to undermine its health and integrity. In this sense, yes, plants have immune systems. Plants do NOT have "active" immune systems, like humans, including macrophages, lymls, antibodies, complements, interferon, etc., which help us ward off infection. Rather, plants have "passive" mechanisms of protection. For instance, the waxy secretion of some plants (cuticle) functions to help hold in moisture and keep out microorganisms. Plants can also secrete irritating juices that prevent insects and animals from eating it. The thick bark of woody plants is another example of a defensive adaptation, that protects the more delicate tissues inside. The chemical secretions of some plants are downright poisonous to many organisms, which greatly enhance the chances of survival for the plant. Fruits of plants contain large amounts of vitamin C and bioflavonoids, compounds which have been shown in the lab to be anti-bacterial and antiviral. So in these ways, plants can improve their chances of survival. Hundreds of viruses and bacteria attack plants each year, and the cost to agriculture is enormous. I would venture to guess that once an organism establishes an infection in a plant, the plant will not be able to "fight" it. However, exposure to the sun's UV light may help control an infection, possibly even defeat it, but the plant does not have any inherent "active" way to fight the infection

215

Plant Phenotype Characterization System  

SciTech Connect

This report is the final scientific report for the DOE Inventions and Innovations Project: Plant Phenotype Characterization System, DE-FG36-04GO14334. The period of performance was September 30, 2004 through July 15, 2005. The project objective is to demonstrate the viability of a new scientific instrument concept for the study of plant root systems. The root systems of plants are thought to be important in plant yield and thus important to DOE goals in renewable energy sources. The scientific study and understanding of plant root systems is hampered by the difficulty in observing root activity and the inadequacy of existing root study instrumentation options. We have demonstrated a high throughput, non-invasive, high resolution technique for visualizing plant root systems in-situ. Our approach is based upon low-energy x-ray radiography and the use of containers and substrates (artificial soil) which are virtually transparent to x-rays. The system allows us to germinate and grow plant specimens in our containers and substrates and to generate x-ray images of the developing root system over time. The same plant can be imaged at different times in its development. The system can be used for root studies in plant physiology, plant morphology, plant breeding, plant functional genomics and plant genotype screening.

Daniel W McDonald; Ronald B Michaels

2005-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

216

Technology Data for Energy Plants June 2010  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

............................................................................................... 79 13 Centralised Biogas Plants

217

Plant Biology 2001  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Park, PA b Graduate Research Assistant Michigan...University-Department of Energy Plant Research Laboratory East Lansing...complete listing of abstracts can be found at http...University-Department of Energy Plant Research Laboratory, East...

Nancy A. Eckardt; Hyung-Taeg Cho; Robyn M. Perrin; Matthew R. Willmann

218

Types of Hydropower Plants  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

There are three types of hydropower facilities: impoundment, diversion, and pumped storage. Some hydropower plants use dams and some do not. The images below show both types of hydropower plants.

219

kansas city plant  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

0%2A en Kansas City Plant http:nnsa.energy.govaboutusourlocationskansas-city-plant

Page...

220

Plants & Animals  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Plants & Animals Plants & Animals Plants & Animals Plant and animal monitoring is performed to determine whether Laboratory operations are impacting human health via the food chain. April 12, 2012 A rabbit on LANL land. A rabbit on LANL land. Contact Environmental Communication & Public Involvement P.O. Box 1663 MS M996 Los Alamos, NM 87545 (505) 667-0216 Email We sample many plants and animals, including wild and domestic crops, game animals, fish, and food products from animals, as well as other plants and animals not considered food sources. What plants and animals do we monitor? LANL monitors both edible and non-edible plants and animals to determine whether Laboratory operations are impacting human health via the food chain, or to find contaminants that indicate they are being moved in the

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "meat packing plants" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Plant design: Integrating Plant and Equipment Models  

SciTech Connect

Like power plant engineers, process plant engineers must design generating units to operate efficiently, cleanly, and profitably despite fluctuating costs for raw materials and fuels. To do so, they increasingly create virtual plants to enable evaluation of design concepts without the expense of building pilot-scale or demonstration facilities. Existing computational models describe an entire plant either as a network of simplified equipment models or as a single, very detailed equipment model. The Advanced Process Engineering Co-Simulator (APECS) project (Figure 5) sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy's National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) seeks to bridge the gap between models by integrating plant modeling and equipment modeling software. The goal of the effort is to provide greater insight into the performance of proposed plant designs. The software integration was done using the process-industry standard CAPE-OPEN (Computer Aided Process EngineeringOpen), or CO interface. Several demonstration cases based on operating power plants confirm the viability of this co-simulation approach.

Sloan, David (Alstrom Power); Fiveland, Woody (Alstrom Power); Zitney, S.E.; Osawe, Maxwell (Ansys, Inc.)

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Power Plant Cycling Costs  

SciTech Connect

This report provides a detailed review of the most up to date data available on power plant cycling costs. The primary objective of this report is to increase awareness of power plant cycling cost, the use of these costs in renewable integration studies and to stimulate debate between policymakers, system dispatchers, plant personnel and power utilities.

Kumar, N.; Besuner, P.; Lefton, S.; Agan, D.; Hilleman, D.

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

NUCLEAR PLANT AND CONTROL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for the digital protection systems of a nuclear power plant. When spec- ifying requirements for software and CRSA processes are described using shutdown system 2 of the Wolsong nuclear power plants as the digital, the missiles, and the digital protection systems embed- ded in nuclear power plants. Obviously, safety

224

Investigation of biomass combustion systems using CFD techniques: a parametric study of packed-bed burning characteristics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, mathematical equations governing the fluid flow, heat and mass transfer and heterogeneous reactions in packed-bed combustion systems are described and sub-models for individual processes are presented. A model estimating the mixing rate between the under-grate air and the released volatile gases is described. Parametric study was carried out to assess the effects of fuel moisture content, kinetic rate of devolatilisation, primary air flow rate and particle mixing levels caused by grate movement. Useful conclusions were drawn in terms of flame temperature, reaction zone thickness, mass loss rate, combustion staging and residual carbon in ash.

Yao Bin Yang; Jim Goodfellow; Vida N. Sharifi; Jim Swithenbank

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

prairie plant list  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

List of Native Prairie Plant Illustrations List of Native Prairie Plant Illustrations Select the common name of the plant you want to view. Common Name Scientific Name Grasses BIG BLUESTEM Andropogon gerardii INDIAN GRASS Sorghastrum nutans LITTLE BLUESTEM Andropogon scoparius SWITCH GRASS Panicum virgatum CORD GRASS Spartina pectinata NEEDLEGRASS Stipa spartea PRAIRIE DROPSEED Sporobolus pectinata SIDE-OATS GRAMA Bouteloua curtipendula FORBS ROSINWEED Silphium integrifolium SAW-TOOTHED SUNFLOWER Helianthus grossesserratus WILD BERGAMOT Monarda fistulosa YELLOW CONEFLOWER Ratibida pinnata BLACK-EYED SUSAN Rudbeckia hirta COMPASS PLANT Silphium lactiniatum CUP PLANT Silphium perfoliatum NEW ENGLAND ASTER Aster novae-angilae PRAIRIE DOCK Silphium terebinthinaceum RATTLESNAKE MASTER Eryngium yuccifolium STIFF GOLDENROD Solidaga rigida

226

Prep plant population rebounds  

SciTech Connect

Demand and higher prices allows more operators to build and upgrade plants. The 2005 US Prep Plant Census found that the number of coal preparation plants has grown from 212 to 265 in five years - a 53 plant gain or a 20% increase over that reported by Coal Age in 2000. The number of bituminous coal washing facilities grew by 43 to 250. The article discusses the survey and the companies involved and presents a table giving key details of plants arranged by state. 6 tabs.

Fiscor, S.

2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Host Plants and Their Diseases  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The information telescoped into this section is taken in large part from the records of the Plant Disease Survey as given in the Plant Disease Reporter, Plant Diseases and from the Index of Plant Diseases in the ...

R. Kenneth Horst Ph.D.

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Host Plants and Their Diseases  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The information telescoped in this section is taken in large part from the records of the Plant Disease Survey as given in the Plant Disease Reporter, Plant Diseases, and the Index of Plant Diseases in the United...

R. Kenneth Horst Ph.D.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Acetaldehyde removal using an atmospheric non-thermal plasma combined with a packed bed: Role of the adsorption process  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This work is an attempt in order to help towards understanding the influence of the adsorption process on the removal of a VOC (acetaldehyde, CH3CHO) using cyclic non thermal plasma (NTP) combined with a packed-bed of a catalyst support, ?-Al2O3. In the first part, the results obtained by placing the saturated alumina pellets inside the plasma discharge zone are discussed, in terms of acetaldehyde removal, CO and CO2 production. In the second part, adsorption of CH3CHO, CO, CO2 and O3 was carried out, from single and multicomponent mixtures of the different compounds. The results showed that (i) the adsorption capacities followed the order CH 3 CHO ? ? ? CO 2 ? > ? CO ; (ii) O3 was decomposed on the alumina surface; (iii) CO oxidation occurred on the surface when O3 was present. In the third part, diffuse reflectance infrared Fourier transform spectroscopy (DRIFTS) was used to follow the alumina surface during acetaldehyde adsorption. DRIFTS measurements demonstrated that besides the bands of molecularly adsorbed acetaldehyde, several absorptions appeared on the spectra showing the intermediate surface transformation of acetaldehyde already at 300K. Finally, the relationship between the adsorption results and the NTP combined with a packed-bed process is discussed.

C. Klett; X. Duten; S. Tieng; S. Touchard; P. Jestin; K. Hassouni; A. Vega-Gonzlez

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Hausdorff and packing spectra, large deviations, and free energy for branching random walks in $\\R^d$  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Consider an $\\R^d$-valued branching random walk (BRW) on a supercritical Galton Watson tree. Without any assumption on the distribution of this BRW we compute, almost surely and simultaneously, the Hausdorff and packing dimensions of the level sets $E(K)$ of infinite branches in the boundary of the tree (endowed with its standard metric) along which the averages of the BRW have a given closed connected set of limit points $K$. This goes beyond multifractal analysis, which only considers those level sets when $K$ ranges in the set of singletons $\\{\\alpha\\}$, $\\alpha\\in\\R^d$. We also give a $0$-$\\infty$ law for the Hausdorff and packing measures of the level sets $E(\\{\\alpha\\})$, and compute the free energy of the associated logarithmically correlated random energy model in full generality. Moreover, our results complete the previous works on multifractal analysis by including the levels $\\alpha$ which do not belong to the range of the gradient of the free energy. This covers in particular a situation until now badly understood, namely the case where a first order phase transition occurs. As a consequence of our study, we can also describe the whole singularity spectrum of Mandelbrot measures, as well as the associated free energy function (or $L^q$-spectrum), when a first order phase transition occurs.

Najmeddine Attia; Julien Barral

2014-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

231

Analysis of fluid permeation through a particle-packed layer using an electric resistance network as an analogy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Fluid permeation resistance through a particle-packed bed with a non-uniform structure was investigated both theoretically and experimentally to confirm the relationship between pressure drop and air flow rate. Multiple-block construction consisting of various types of powders in the particle bed was used in this experiment. With the goal of design and operation simplification, a model bed was used to simulate an actual powder bed with a non-uniform structure due to local variation in particle size, particle shape and packing density. An electrical network circuit analogy was used to express the theoretical model bed where fluid flows in a zigzag manner among particles in the bed. The results showed good agreement between the theoretical model and experimental data. The results also verified that the fluid flow was irregular in all directions when using the non-uniform structure. In addition, the present study demonstrated that the concept of tortuosity should be considered due to the irregular flow path in the bed. Thus, the results of the present study suggest that the electric resistance network analogy might be useful in solving the problem of fluid permeation in actual particle layers with non-uniform structures.

Yoshiyuki Endo; Caroline L.Y. Ngan; Asep B.D. Nandiyanto; Ferry Iskandar; Kikuo Okuyama

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

prairie restoration plant ident  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Plant Identification Plant Identification Once your restoration is started and plants begin to germinate, the next issue you are faced with is the identification of what is growing. From my experience, the seeds you planted should start germinating after about a week to ten days. Of course, this is dependent on the weather conditions and the amount of moisture in the soil. If you are watering regularly, you will get growth much more quickly than if you are just waiting for nature to take its course. Identifying prairie plants as they germinate is very difficult. If you are an experienced botanist or an expert on prairie plants, your identification will still be a little more than an educated guess. In other words identifying prairie species from non-native species will take some time.

233

Crystals and Plants  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Crystals and Plants Crystals and Plants Name: Diab Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: What will the likely effects of crystallized filaments in plant cells be? I had noticed that moth balls (para dichlorbenzene) tends within a very short temperature range to transform from a solid to gas and back to solid in the form of crystal filaments. I been wondering about the likely effects of an experiment in which a plant is placed in a chamber saturated with the fumes of a substance that had the same transformation properties of its state but none of the toxic effects be on the plants and will such filaments form inside the cell and rearrange its DNA strands or kill it outright? Replies: The following might be helpful: http://biowww.clemson.edu/biolab/mitosis.html http://koning.ecsu.ctstateu.edu/Plant_Physiology/osmosis.html

234

Poisonous Plant Management.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

are relatively unpalatable and must be consumed in substantial quantities to be lethal. Generally, animals do not graze poisonous plants by choice and are rarely poisoned if other forage is readily available. Plants do not always fall into easily defined... quickly. Control may be accomplished using mechanical, biological, chemical or prescribed burning methods. Most poisonous plants are herbaceous in growth form; thus, mechanical control methods are rarely used. There are a few exceptions. Whitebrush, a...

McGinty, Allan

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Plant Growth and Photosynthesis  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Plant Growth and Photosynthesis Plant Growth and Photosynthesis Name: Jack Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: Do plants have any other way of growing besides photosythesis? Plants do not use photosynthesis to grow!!! They use cellular respiration just like every other organism to process energy into work. Plants use oxygen just like we do. Photosynthesis is principally only a process to change sunlight into a chemical form for storage. Replies: Check out our archives for more information. www.newton.dep.anl.gov/archive.htm Steve Sample Jack, Several kinds of flowering plants survive without the use of chlorophyll which is what makes plants green and able to produce sugar through photosynthesis. Dodder is a parasitic nongreen (without chlorophyll) plant that is commonly found growing on jewelweed and other plants in damp areas. Dodder twines around its host, (A host is an organism that has fallen victim to a parasite.), like a morning glory and attaches itself at certain points along the stem where it absorbs sugar and nutrients from the hosts sap.

236

Repurposing a Hydroelectric Plant.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis project explores repurposing a hydroelectric plant along Richmond Virginia's Canal Walk. The building has been redesigned to create a community-oriented space programmed as (more)

Pritcher, Melissa

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Plant pathogen resistance  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Azelaic acid or its derivatives or analogs induce a robust and a speedier defense response against pathogens in plants. Azelaic acid treatment alone does not induce many of the known defense-related genes but activates a plant's defense signaling upon pathogen exposure.

Greenberg, Jean T; Jung, Ho Won; Tschaplinski, Timothy

2012-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

238

RESEARCH ARTICLE PLANT GENETICS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

relative) in the Brassicaceae plant family is determined by the genotype of the plant at the self-incompatibility-locus phenotype in a self-incompatible Arabidopsis species. Selection has created a dynamic repertoire of s of regulation among alleles. S porophytic self-incompatibility (SI) is a genetic system that evolved in hermaph

Napp, Nils

239

Modulating lignin in plants  

SciTech Connect

Materials and methods for modulating (e.g., increasing or decreasing) lignin content in plants are disclosed. For example, nucleic acids encoding lignin-modulating polypeptides are disclosed as well as methods for using such nucleic acids to generate transgenic plants having a modulated lignin content.

Apuya, Nestor; Bobzin, Steven Craig; Okamuro, Jack; Zhang, Ke

2013-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

240

Ethylene in Plants  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... as the master controller of all plant growth and developmental processes. It now seems that ethylene, whose dramatic effects on plants have been known for more than 70 years, is ... 10 years there has been a veritable explosion of research into the physiological actions of ethylene directed towards assessing its significance as a 'natural' hormone.

L. J. AUDUS

1973-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "meat packing plants" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Plant Ecology An Introduction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Plant Ecology An Introduction Ecology as a Science Study of the relationships between living and causes of the abundance and distribution of organisms Ecology as a Science We'll use the perspective of terrestrial plants Basic ecology - ecological principles Applied ecology - application of principles

Cochran-Stafira, D. Liane

242

Purdue extension Toxic Plants  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Service PLANTS Database/N.L.Britton,and A.Brown's An Illustrated Flora of the Northern United States Poisonous to Live- stock and Pets.See References (page 23) and Online Resources (page 24) for details is as safe as possible is to keep these plants out of your fields and pastures. To do this,proper weed

Holland, Jeffrey

243

Experimental and modeling study of catalytic steam reforming of methane mixture with propylene in a packed bed reactor  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Producer gas from biomass gasification contains mainly hydrogen, carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, methane and some other low molecular hydrocarbons like propylene. This paper reports mathematical simulation and experimental study of steam reforming of methane mixture with propylene in a packed bed reactor filled with nickel based catalysts. Due to the high heat input through the reformer tube wall and the endothermic reforming reactions, a two-dimensional pseudo-heterogeneous model that takes into account the diffusion reaction phenomena in gas phase as well as inside the catalyst particles has been used to represent temperature distribution and species concentration within the reactor. Steam reforming of propylene is faster and more selective than methane and it is shown that addition of propylene to the methane steam mixture reduces the conversion of methane. The obtained results play a key role in optimization and design of a commercial reactor.

Parham Sadooghi; Reinhard Rauch

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Granby Pumping Plant  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Granby Pumping Plant Granby Pumping Plant Skip Navigation Links Transmission Functions Infrastructure projects Interconnection OASIS OATT Granby Pumping Plant-Windy Gap Transmission Line Rebuild Project Western owns and operates a 12-mile, 69-kV electric transmission line in Grand County, Colo., that originates at Windy Gap Substation and terminates at Granby Pumping Plant Switchyard. The proposed project would rebuild the single circuit line as a double circuit transmission line and add a second power transformer. One circuit would replace the existing 69-kV line; the other circuit would be a new 138-kV line. Granby Pumping Plant Switchyard would be expanded to accommodate the second line and power transformer. Windy Gap Substation would be modified to accommodate the second line.

245

BNL | Plant Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Plant Sciences Plant Sciences The Plant Sciences group's goal is to understand the principles underlying carbon capture, conversion, and storage in living systems; and develop the capability to model, predict and optimize these processes in plants and microorganisms. Staff Members John Shanklin Jason Candreva Jilian Fan Hui Liu Qin Liu Edward Whittle Xiaohong Yu Dax Fu Jin Chai Chang-Jun Liu Yuanheng Cai Mingyue Gou Guoyin Kai Zhaoyang Wei Huijun Yang Kewei Zhang Xuebin Zhang Jörg Schwender Jordan Hay Inga Hebbelmann Hai Shi Zhijie Sun Changcheng Xu Chengshi Yan Zhiyang Zhai Plant Sciences Contact John Shanklin, (631)344-3414 In the News No stories available Funding Agencies DOE Basic Energy Sciences Bayer CropScience The Biosciences Department is part of the Environment and Life Sciences Directorate at Brookhaven National Laboratory

246

Top 10 plant pathogenic bacteria in molecular plant pathology.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

plants are being closely grouped together, for example pv.oryzae pv. oryzae AvrXa21 and implications for plant innatePseudomonas syringae pv. tomato in Tanzania. Plant Dis. 91,

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Transportation Security | Department...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Transportation Security Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Transportation Security Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Transportation Security More Documents &...

248

AVESTAR® - Smart Plant  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Plant Plant In the area of smart plant operations, AVESTAR's dynamic simulators enable researchers to analyze plant-wide performance over a wide range of operating scenarios, including plant startup (cold, warm, hot), shutdown, fuel switchovers, on-load cycling, high-load operations of 90-120% of rated capacity, and high frequency megawatt changes for automatic generation control. The dynamic simulators also let researchers analyze the plant's response to disturbances and malfunctions. The AVESTAR team is also using dynamic simulators to develop effective strategies for the operation and control of pre-combustion capture technology capable of removing at least 90% of the CO2 emissions. Achieving operational excellence can have significant impact on the extent and the rate at which commercial-scale capture processes will be scaled-up, deployed, and used in the years to come. If deployment of new CO2 capture technologies is to be accelerated, power generators must be confident in ensuring efficient, flexible, reliable, environmentally-friendly, and profitable plant operations.

249

Measurement of the Charge Number Per Adsorbed Molecule and Packing Densities of Self-Assembled Long-Chain Monolayers of Thiols  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Measurement of the Charge Number Per Adsorbed Molecule and Packing Densities of Self-Assembled Long a recently developed method (Langmuir 2006, 22, 5509-5519) to determine charge numbers per adsorbed molecule number per adsorbed molecule on the electrode potential, taking into account that the desorption process

Dutcher, John

250

Fuel Cell-Shaft Power Packs (FC-SPP) Frank Elefsen, Centre Manager, Ph.D., and Sten Frandsen, Head of Section  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

technology is receiving a great deal of attention. Hydrogen and fuel cells have the potential to replace and the transportation sector. To promote this synergy, there is a strong need to illustrate hydrogen and fuel cell, a fuel cell, and an electrical mo- tor (Fuel Cell-Shaft Power Pack). The hydrogen will mostly come from

251

Modelling of Particle Pyrolysis in a Packed Bed Combustor A.R.C. Tuck and W.L.H. Hallett ,1 2*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Introduction Biomass combustion for renewable energy production has attracted increasing attention recently. Packed bed combustion is the most common mode of biomass combustion because of its tolerance of a wide range of fuel properties and particle sizes. As with most solid fuels, combustion occurs in three

Hallett, William L.H.

252

The role of sidechain packing and native contact interactions in folding: Discontinuous molecular dynamics folding simulations of an all-atom  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

structures of proteins, has been extensively investigated to examine its role in protein folding. However the important role of sidechain packing in determining the specific pathway of protein folding. Additional 96 of Physics. DOI: 10.1063/1.1514574 I. INTRODUCTION Theoretical/computational studies of protein folding

Zhou, Yaoqi

253

Devices and methods for managing noncombustible gasses in nuclear power plants  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Systems passively eliminate noncondensable gasses from facilities susceptible to damage from combustion of built-up noncondensable gasses, such as H2 and O2 in nuclear power plants, without the need for external power and/or moving parts. Systems include catalyst plates installed in a lower header of the Passive Containment Cooling System (PCCS) condenser, a catalyst packing member, and/or a catalyst coating on an interior surface of a condensation tube of the PCCS condenser or an annular outlet of the PCCS condenser. Structures may have surfaces or hydrophobic elements that inhibit water formation and promote contact with the noncondensable gas. Noncondensable gasses in a nuclear power plant are eliminated by installing and using the systems individually or in combination. An operating pressure of the PCCS condenser may be increased to facilitate recombination of noncondensable gasses therein.

Marquino, Wayne; Moen, Stephan C; Wachowiak, Richard M; Gels, John L; Diaz-Quiroz, Jesus; Burns, Jr., John C

2014-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

254

Tennessee Nuclear Profile - Power Plants  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Tennessee nuclear power plants, summer capacity and net generation, 2010" "Plant nametotal reactors","Summer capacity (mw)","Net generation (thousand mwh)","Share of State nuclear...

255

Minnesota Nuclear Profile - Power Plants  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Minnesota nuclear power plants, summer capacity and net generation, 2010" "Plant nametotal reactors","Summer capacity (mw)","Net generation (thousand mwh)","Share of State nuclear...

256

Massachusetts Nuclear Profile - Power Plants  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

nuclear power plants, summer capacity and net generation, 2010" "Plant nametotal reactors","Summer capacity (mw)","Net generation (thousand mwh)","Share of State nuclear net...

257

Kansas Nuclear Profile - Power Plants  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Kansas nuclear power plants, summer capacity and net generation, 2010" "Plant nametotal reactors","Summer capacity (mw)","Net generation (thousand mwh)","Share of State nuclear...

258

Missouri Nuclear Profile - Power Plants  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

nuclear power plants, summer capacity and net generation, 2010" "Plant nametotal reactors","Summer capacity (mw)","Net generation (thousand mwh)","Share of State nuclear net...

259

Nebraska Nuclear Profile - Power Plants  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Nebraska nuclear power plants, summer capacity and net generation, 2010" "Plant nametotal reactors","Summer capacity (mw)","Net generation (thousand mwh)","Share of State nuclear...

260

Arizona Nuclear Profile - Power Plants  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

nuclear power plants, summer capacity and net generation, 2010" "Plant nametotal reactors","Summer capacity (mw)","Net generation (thousand mwh)","Share of State nuclear net...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "meat packing plants" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

California Nuclear Profile - Power Plants  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

California nuclear power plants, summer capacity and net generation, 2010" "Plant nametotal reactors","Summer capacity (mw)","Net generation (thousand mwh)","Share of State...

262

Connecticut Nuclear Profile - Power Plants  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Connecticut nuclear power plants, summer capacity and net generation, 2010" "Plant nametotal reactors","Summer capacity (mw)","Net generation (thousand mwh)","Share of State...

263

Georgia Nuclear Profile - Power Plants  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

nuclear power plants, summer capacity and net generation, 2010" "Plant nametotal reactors","Summer capacity (mw)","Net generation (thousand mwh)","Share of State nuclear net...

264

Texas Nuclear Profile - Power Plants  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

nuclear power plants, summer capacity and net generation, 2010" "Plant nametotal reactors","Summer capacity (mw)","Net generation (thousand mwh)","Share of State nuclear net...

265

Wisconsin Nuclear Profile - Power Plants  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Wisconsin nuclear power plants, summer capacity and net generation, 2010" "Plant nametotal reactors","Summer capacity (mw)","Net generation (thousand mwh)","Share of State nuclear...

266

Ohio Nuclear Profile - Power Plants  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Ohio nuclear power plants, summer capacity and net generation, 2010" "Plant nametotal reactors","Summer capacity (mw)","Net generation (thousand mwh)","Share of State nuclear net...

267

Alabama Nuclear Profile - Power Plants  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

nuclear power plants, summer capacity and net generation, 2010" "Plant nametotal reactors","Summer capacity (mw)","Net generation (thousand mwh)","Share of State nuclear net...

268

Virginia Nuclear Profile - Power Plants  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

nuclear power plants, summer capacity and net generation, 2010" "Plant nametotal reactors","Summer capacity (mw)","Net generation (thousand mwh)","Share of State nuclear net...

269

Mississippi Nuclear Profile - Power Plants  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Mississippi nuclear power plants, summer capacity and net generation, 2010" "Plant nametotal reactors","Summer capacity (mw)","Net generation (thousand mwh)","Share of State...

270

Washington Nuclear Profile - Power Plants  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Washington nuclear power plants, summer capacity and net generation, 2010" "Plant nametotal reactors","Summer capacity (mw)","Net generation (thousand mwh)","Share of State...

271

Michigan Nuclear Profile - Power Plants  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

nuclear power plants, summer capacity and net generation, 2010" "Plant nametotal reactors","Summer capacity (mw)","Net generation (thousand mwh)","Share of State nuclear net...

272

Iowa Nuclear Profile - Power Plants  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Iowa nuclear power plants, summer capacity and net generation, 2010" "Plant nametotal reactors","Summer capacity (mw)","Net generation (thousand mwh)","Share of State nuclear net...

273

Arkansas Nuclear Profile - Power Plants  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

nuclear power plants, summer capacity and net generation, 2010" "Plant nametotal reactors","Summer capacity (mw)","Net generation (thousand mwh)","Share of State nuclear net...

274

Maryland Nuclear Profile - Power Plants  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

nuclear power plants, summer capacity and net generation, 2010" "Plant nametotal reactors","Summer capacity (mw)","Net generation (thousand mwh)","Share of State nuclear net...

275

Vermont Nuclear Profile - Power Plants  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

nuclear power plants, summer capacity and net generation, 2010" "Plant nametotal reactors","Summer capacity (mw)","Net generation (thousand mwh)","Share of State nuclear net...

276

Fermilab Prairie Plant Survey  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Crack the Quadrat* Code! Crack the Quadrat* Code! compass plasnt * What is a Quadrat? It's a one-meter square plot. Plants in the quadrat are identified and counted. Fermilab quadrat specialists can! Attention Citizen Scientists Are you a prairie enthusiast? Learn scientific plant monitoring techniques while enjoying our beautiful prairie. Join a unique science program open to the public, adult groups, families, scouts and more …. Become a prairie quadrat specialist and do real science at Fermilab! In the Fermilab Prairie Plant Survey you will learn how to identify prairie plants, map a prairie plot and track restoration progress along with our experts. Use our Website to contribute data you collect. Come once or come back two or three times to see how the prairie changes. Keep an eye on this prairie for years to come!

277

prairie restoration planting  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Planting Planting The most common method of planting is to broadcast spread your seeds. This is usually done by hand, but you can also use a lawn-type spreader. After you have spread your seeds, rake the area over lightly. For seeds to germinate correctly they need to have good seed to soil contact, but you also don't want to bury the seeds too deeply. The general rule is to cover seeds to a depth no deeper than twice the seed's size. For example, if a seed is 4 mm in size, you would not want to bury it any deeper than 8 mm. The seeds commonly found in a prairie matrix are usually small enough, that raking over the spread seed to mix and cover them with a thin layer of soil, is adequate. If you are involving large numbers of people in the planting, a plastic cup

278

Pollution adn Plant Growth  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Pollution adn Plant Growth Pollution adn Plant Growth Name: Virdina Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: What are the effcts off water polltuion on plant growth? Are there any good websites where I can find current or on going research being done by other scientist? Replies: Dear Virdina, Possibly helpful: http://www.ec.gc.ca/water/en/manage/poll/e_poll.htm http://www.epa.vic.gov.au/wq/info/wq987.htm Sincerely, Anthony R. Brach This is a very complicated question, there are so many different types of water pollution and different species of plants react very differently. Good places to start are the U.S. environmental protection agency, the office of water is at: http://www.epa.gov/ow/ and there is a link to a kid's page from there: http://www.epa.gov/OST/KidsStuff/ You might also try state EPA's, Illinois is at:

279

The First Coal Plants  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Coal Plants Coal Plants Nature Bulletin No. 329-A January 25, 1969 Forest Preserve District of Cook County George W. Dunne, President Roland F. Eisenbeis, Supt. of Conservation THE FIRST COAL PLANTS Coal has been called "the mainspring" of our civilization. You are probably familiar, in a general way, with the story of how it originated ages ago from beds of peat which were very slowly changed to coal; and how it became lignite or brown coal, sub-bituminous, bituminous, or anthracite coal, depending on bacterial and chemical changes in the peat, how much it was compressed under terrific pressure, and the amount of heat involved in the process. You also know that peat is formed by decaying vegetation in shallow clear fresh-water swamps or bogs, but it is difficult to find a simple description of the kinds of plants that, living and dying during different periods of the earth's history, created beds of peat which eventually became coal.

280

Economics of Hydropower Plants  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The feed-in tariff scheme, as its name suggests is based ... plant. The most important aspect of a feed-in tariff system is that the grid operator cannot ... stations must reduce their power generation. The feed-in

Prof. Dr.-Ing Hermann-Josef Wagner

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "meat packing plants" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Plant Vascular Biology 2010  

SciTech Connect

This grant supported the Second International Conference on Plant Vascular Biology (PVB 2010) held July 24-28, 2010 on the campus of Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio. Biao Ding (Ohio State University; OSU) and David Hannapel (Iowa State University; ISU) served as co-chairs of this conference. Biao Ding served as the local organizer. PVB is defined broadly here to include studies on the biogenesis, structure and function of transport systems in plants, under conditions of normal plant growth and development as well as of plant interactions with pathogens. The transport systems cover broadly the xylem, phloem, plasmodesmata and vascular cell membranes. The PVB concept has emerged in recent years to emphasize the integrative nature of the transport systems and approaches to investigate them.

Ding, Biao

2014-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

282

Plant Operations Executive Director  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Campus North Campus Recycling Operations Materials Human Resources Payroll Misc Svs Special Projects Planning Spray Shop Glass Shop Upholstery Shop Plant IT Painting Services G. Weincouff Human Resources Business Services Estimating Shutdown Coordination Scheduling L. Rastique Human Resources 67398 M

Awtar, Shorya

283

Plant indicators in Iraq  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Native plants of Iraq have shown considerable variation in their ability...Seidlitzia rosmarinus andHalocnemum strobilaceum indicate very high soil sodium contents, and others high magnesium and sulphate contents...

T. A. Al-Ani; I. M. Habib; A. I. Abdulaziz; N. A. Ouda

1971-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Better Buildings, Better Plants:  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

to 1,800 plants and about 8% of the U.S. manufacturing energy footprint 2012 average energy intensity improvement 2.7% Cumulative Energy Savings 190 TBtus ...

285

B Plant facility description  

SciTech Connect

Buildings 225B, 272B, 282B, 282BA, and 294B were removed from the B Plant facility description. Minor corrections were made for tank sizes and hazardous and toxic inventories.

Chalk, S.E.

1996-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

286

137Cs Inter-Plant Concentration Ratios Provide a Predictive Tool for Coral Atolls with Distinct Benefits Over Transfer Factors  

SciTech Connect

Inter-plant concentration ratios (IPCR), [Bq g{sup -1} {sup 137}Cs in coral atoll tree food-crops/Bq g{sup -1} {sup 137}Cs in leaves of native plant species whose roots share a common soil volume], can replace transfer factors (TF) to predict {sup 137}Cs concentration in tree food-crops in a contaminated area with an aged source term. The IPCR strategy has significant benefits relative to TF strategy for such purposes in the atoll ecosystem. IPCR strategy applied to specific assessments takes advantage of the fact tree roots naturally integrate 137Cs over large volumes of soil. Root absorption of {sup 137}Cs replaces large-scale, expensive soil sampling schemes to reduce variability in {sup 137}Cs concentration due to inhomogeneous radionuclide distribution. IPCR [drinking-coconut meat (DCM)/Scaevola (SCA) and Tournefortia (TOU) leaves (native trees growing on all atoll islands)] are log normally distributed (LND) with geometric standard deviation (GSD) = 1.85. TF for DCM from Enewetak, Eneu, Rongelap and Bikini Atolls are LND with GSD's of 3.5, 3.0, 2.7, and 2.1, respectively. TF GSD for Rongelap copra coconut meat is 2.5. IPCR of Pandanus fruit to SCA and TOU leaves are LND with GSD = 1.7 while TF GSD is 2.1. Because IPCR variability is much lower than TF variability, relative sampling error of an IPCR field sample mean is up 6- to 10-fold lower than that of a TF sample mean if sample sizes are small (10 to 20). Other IPCR advantages are that plant leaf samples are collected and processed in far less time with much less effort and cost than soil samples.

Robison, W L; Hamilton, T F; Bogen, K; Corado, C L; Kehl, S R

2007-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

287

Natural Gas Combined Cycle Power Plant Integrated to Capture Plant  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Natural Gas Combined Cycle Power Plant Integrated to Capture Plant ... A natural gas combined cycle (NGCC) power plant with capacity of about 430 MW integrated to a chemical solvent absorber/stripping capture plant is investigated. ... The natural gas combined cycle (NGCC) is an advanced power generation technology that improves the fuel efficiency of natural gas. ...

Mehdi Karimi; Magne Hillestad; Hallvard F. Svendsen

2012-01-19T23:59:59.000Z

288

The Amino Acid Composition of Meat and Some Other Foods : 1. Arginine, Histine, Isoleucine, Leucine, Lysine, Methionine, Phenylalanine, Threonine, Tryptophan and Valine.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

turs l ?~!-cekanieal Gal le~eofiexas Coll~ge Stati~n, Texas [Blank Page in Original Bulletin] Preface It is well known that the requirement for protein in human and in animal nutrition is essentially a composite requirement for each of a number... of other foods are also given. All amino acid determinations were carried out by microbiological assay procedures developed in the authors' lab- oratory. This bulletin is number 1 of a series. Studies on other amino acid contents of meat \\trill...

Kuiken, Kenneth A. (Kenneth Alfred); Lyman, Carl M. (Carl Morris)

1949-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

A study of the composition of soap stock from cottonseed oil as influenced by variation in the length of time of cooking cotton-seed meats  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Listry and Cheaieal Engineering. A STUDY OF THE GONPOSITION OF SOAP STOCK FROW COTTONSEED OIL AS INFLUENCED BY VARIATION IN ~ LENGTH OF TIliE OF COOKINO COTTONSEED %EATS A THESIS Pau1 Sieoioe Zuae, 1958 A. STUDY OF THE COMPOSITION OF SOAP STOCK FRObf COTTONSEED... OIL AS INFLUENCED BY VARIATION IN THE LENGTH OF TIME OF COOKINO COTTONSEED MEATS Submitte& te the Faoultp of the Agricultrual and Meohanioal ColLege of Texan Partial Fulfillaeat of the Requireeeats for the Degree of Mneter of Soienoe Eager Sub...

Siecke, Paul

1932-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Maintaining plant safety margins  

SciTech Connect

The Final Safety Analysis Report Forms the basis of demonstrating that the plant can operate safely and meet all applicable acceptance criteria. In order to assure that this continues through each operating cycle, the safety analysis is reexamined for each reload core. Operating limits are set for each reload core to assure that safety limits and applicable acceptance criteria are not exceeded for postulated events within the design basis. These operating limits form the basis for plant operation, providing barriers on various measurable parameters. The barriers are refereed to as limiting conditions for operation (LCO). The operating limits, being influenced by many factors, can change significantly from cycle to cycle. In order to be successful in demonstrating safe operation for each reload core (with adequate operating margin), it is necessary to continue to focus on ways to maintain/improve existing safety margins. Existing safety margins are a function of the plant type (boiling water reactor/pressurized water reactor (BWR/PWR)), nuclear system supply (NSSS) vendor, operating license date, core design features, plant design features, licensing history, and analytical methods used in the safety analysis. This paper summarizes the experience at Yankee Atomic Electric Company (YAEC) in its efforts to provide adequate operating margin for the plants that it supports.

Bergeron, P.A.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

GEOTHERMAL POWER GENERATION PLANT  

SciTech Connect

Oregon Institute of Technology (OIT) drilled a deep geothermal well on campus (to 5,300 feet deep) which produced 196oF resource as part of the 2008 OIT Congressionally Directed Project. OIT will construct a geothermal power plant (estimated at 1.75 MWe gross output). The plant would provide 50 to 75 percent of the electricity demand on campus. Technical support for construction and operations will be provided by OITs Geo-Heat Center. The power plant will be housed adjacent to the existing heat exchange building on the south east corner of campus near the existing geothermal production wells used for heating campus. Cooling water will be supplied from the nearby cold water wells to a cooling tower or air cooling may be used, depending upon the type of plant selected. Using the flow obtained from the deep well, not only can energy be generated from the power plant, but the waste water will also be used to supplement space heating on campus. A pipeline will be construction from the well to the heat exchanger building, and then a discharge line will be construction around the east and north side of campus for anticipated use of the waste water by facilities in an adjacent sustainable energy park. An injection well will need to be drilled to handle the flow, as the campus existing injection wells are limited in capacity.

Boyd, Tonya

2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

How do plants grow?  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

How do plants grow? How do plants grow? Name: Sally McCombs Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: A 4th grade class at our school is doing plant research and would like to know if plants grow from the top up or from the bottom up? Thanks for your help! Replies: Plants grow from the top up (or from the bottom down, in the case of root growth). Right at the tip, more cells form by division, and just behind that is an area where cells get bigger). More amazing than all of this is where your question comes from. I went to 4th grade there!!! Amazing, Just after the school was built, I think, maybe around 1959 to about early 1960's. Then I moved on to St. Pete High School, then my parents got jobs in Alabama, where I did the last year of High School. Then onto college in New England, graduate school in California, a research job in England, and now finally as a professor at the University of Washington in Seattle. Brings back memories...

293

Texas Plants Poisonous to Livestock.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

TEXAS PLANTS POISONOUS TO LIVESTOCK TEXAS A&M UNIVERSITY TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION SERVICE College Station, Texas THE PROBLEM POISONOUS PLANT RESEARCH IN TEXAS TOXIC PLANT CONSTITUENTS TEXAS PLANTS... list includes plants growing in Texas and reported to be poisonous in other areas. Some species described seldom cause trouble but are included since they have been proved toxic and may, under conditions, bring about livestock losses. Poisoning...

Sperry, Omer Edison

1964-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Plant Tumor Growth Rates  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Plant Tumor Growth Rates Plant Tumor Growth Rates Name: Gina and Maria Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: We are doing a science fair project on if B. Carotene, Green tea, and Grape Seed Extract helps plants against the crown gall disease. We injected sunflowers with agrobacterium tum. one week ago (Sun. Feb. 27, 2000). Our questions is how long will it take for the tumors to grow? We scratched the surface of the stems and injected the agrobacterium in the wound. Also which do you think, in your opinion, will do the best, if any? Our science fair is April 13, do you think we'll have growth before then, atleast enough time to do our conclusion and results? Thank you, any information you forward will be very helpful. Replies: Sunflowers form galls relatively quickly. I usually get them in two weeks at least. Good luck.

295

Plant and Animal Immigrants  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and Animal Immigrants and Animal Immigrants Nature Bulletin No. 43 December 1, 1945 Forest Preserve District of Cook County Clayton F. Smith, President Roberts Mann, Superintendent of Conservation PLANT AND ANIMAL IMMIGRANTS When foreign plants and animals are brought to a new country they either become naturalized and thrive, or they cling to their old ways and die out. after they, too, find new freedoms because they leave their enemies, competitors, parasites, and some of their diseases behind them -- much as immigrant people do. The United States now supports about 300 times as many people as it did when Columbus discovered America. This is possible because the domesticated plants and animals that the early settlers brought with them give much higher yields of food and clothing than the Indians got from wild ones.

296

Waste Treatment Plant Overview  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Hanford Site, located in southeastern Washington state, Hanford Site, located in southeastern Washington state, was the largest of three defense production sites in the U.S. Over the span of 40 years, it was used to produce 64 metric tons of plutonium, helping end World War II and playing a major role in military defense efforts during the Cold War. As a result, 56 million gallons of radioactive and chemical wastes are now stored in 177 underground tanks on the Hanford Site. To address this challenge, the U.S. Department of Energy contracted Bechtel National, Inc., to design and build the world's largest radioactive waste treatment plant. The Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant (WTP), also known as the "Vit Plant," will use vitrification to immobilize most of Hanford's dangerous tank waste.

297

Power Plant Cycling Costs  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Power Plant Cycling Costs Power Plant Cycling Costs April 2012 N. Kumar, P. Besuner, S. Lefton, D. Agan, and D. Hilleman Intertek APTECH Sunnyvale, California NREL Technical Monitor: Debra Lew Subcontract Report NREL/SR-5500-55433 July 2012 NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy, operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC. National Renewable Energy Laboratory 15013 Denver West Parkway Golden, Colorado 80401 303-275-3000 * www.nrel.gov Contract No. DE-AC36-08GO28308 Power Plant Cycling Costs April 2012 N. Kumar, P. Besuner, S. Lefton, D. Agan, and D. Hilleman Intertek APTECH Sunnyvale, California NREL Technical Monitor: Debra Lew Prepared under Subcontract No. NFT-1-11325-01

298

Plants making oxygen  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Plants making oxygen Plants making oxygen Name: Doug Status: N/A Age: N/A Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: Around 1993 Question: How many plants are needed to make enough oxygen for one person for one hour? We are experimenting with Anacharis plants. Replies: The problem can be solved when broken down into smaller questions: 1. How much oxygen does a person need in an hour? 2. How much oxygen does a plant produce in an hour? 3. Based on the above, how many plants will provide the oxygen needs of the person for the hour? Here is the solution to the first question: A resting, healthy adult on an average, cool day breathes in about 53 liters of oxygen per hour. An average, resting, health adult breathes in about 500 mL of air per breath. This is called the normal tidal volume. Now, 150 mL of this air will go to non- functioning areas of the lung, called the "dead space." The average breath rate for this average person is 12 breaths per minute. So, the amount of air breathed in by the person which is available for use is 12 x (500 mL -150 mL) = 4,200 mL/minute. Multiply by 60 to get 252,000 mL/hour. That is, every hour, the person will breathe in 252 L of air. Now, on an average, cool, clear day, only 21% of that air is oxygen. So, 21% of 252 L is 53 L. So, in an hour, the person breathes in about 53 L of oxygen.

299

Waste Isolation Pilot Plant  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Waste Isolation Pilot Plant AFFIDAVIT FOR SURVIVING RELATIVE STATE _______________ ) ) ss: __________________ COUNTY OF _____________ ) That I, ________________________, am the _________________________ (Indicate relationship) of ___________________________, who is deceased and make the attached request pursuant to 10 CFR, Section 1008. That the information contained on the attached request is true and correct to the best of my knowledge and belief, and I am signing this authorization subject to the penalties provided in 18 U.S.C. 1001. ____________________________ SIGNATURE NOTARIZATION: SUBSCRIBED and SWORN to before me this ______day of __________, 20_____

300

Thermal Characterization and Analysis of A123 Systems Battery Cells, Modules and Packs: Cooperative Research and Development Final Report, CRADA Number CRD-07-243  

SciTech Connect

In support of the A123 Systems battery development program with USABC/DOE, NREL provided technical support in thermal characterization, analysis and management of batteries. NREL's effort was part of Energy Storage Project funded by DOE Vehicle Technologies Program. The purpose of this work was for NREL to perform thermal characterization and analysis of A123 Systems cells and modules with the aim for Al23 Systems to improve the thermal performance of their battery cells, modules and packs.

Pesaran, A.

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "meat packing plants" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Snakes and Plants  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Snakes and Plants Snakes and Plants Name: kathy Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: We live in the southern most tip of Illinois,on horseshoe lake. I would like to know what time of the year do snakes come out and when do they go back in? Also is there any plants to plant to keep them away? Replies: What kind of snakes, in what kind of habitat? All snakes in Illinois hibernate in winter, but their habits differ by species. I'm not sure of the range of dates for southern Illinois, but they start to come out of hibernation in northern Illinois around the end of March or in April, depending on the weather. Advance of spring is usually about 3 weeks earlier in southern Illinois than northern, so i guess snake emergence would be about that much advanced as well. They will come out when there are warm sunny days to get them warmed up, and nights are not so cold that they will be harmed. Fall entry into hibernation is roughly parallel, snakes will often bask in the sun on sunny fall days before going into hibernation, again in no. Ill usually in October but widely varying.

302

Alex Benson Cement Plants  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with steel balls which grind mix into a fine powder -> Final Cement Product Associated Air Pollution: o From health effects Relative News; o "EPA Clamps down on Cement Plant Pollution" http.4 million dollars for violating the Clean Air Act and 2 million dollars for pollution controls #12

Toohey, Darin W.

303

Plants: novel developmental processes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...J.K., SOYBEAN SEED LECTIN GENE AND FLANKING...EVIDENCE ON THEIR METABOLISM + TOTIPOTENCY, SCIENCE...GENETIC MANIPULATION OF CEREAL CROPS, BIO-TECHNOLOGY...MESSENGER-RNAS FOR SEED LECTIN AND KUNITZ...vascular seedless and seed-producing plants...store glucose as starch in their chloroplasts...

RB Goldberg

1988-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

304

Chemical Plant Expansion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Despite $4 billion of capital expenditure for plant expansion over the past seven years, a high level of construction activity is expected to continue ... A marked increase in capital expenditures of t h e six largest chemical companies too place in 1951 over 1950. ...

JOHN M. WEISS

1952-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

305

Solar Tracking by Plants  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...University of Utah, Salt Lake City 84112...Solar Tracking in Desert Plants In the arid...were coastal sage scrub, which grows during...Mohave and Colorado desert scrub, which grow in...Mohave and Colorado desert scrub communities at sites...

James Ehleringer; Irwin Forseth

1980-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

306

BIOLOGY AND AQUATIC PLANTS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Handbook First published in the United States of America in 2009 by Aquatic Ecosystem Restoration plant management. The Aquatic Ecosystem Restoration Foundation (AERF) is pleased to bring you Biology for the environmentally and scientifically sound management, conservation and restoration of aquatic ecosystems. One

Jawitz, James W.

307

Technology Data for Electricity and Heat Generating Plants  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.................................................................................63 13 Centralised Biogas Plants

308

The Colorado Rare Plant Technical Committee Rare Plant Symposium  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Colorado Rare Plant Technical Committee presents: 4th Annual Rare Plant Symposium Sponsored by: Colorado Native Plant Society University of Colorado Herbarium US Fish and Wildlife Service Colorado: G2G3/S2S3 Global distribution: Colorado (Larimer and Boulder counties). Possibly extending

309

Annual Report 2001 -Plant Research Departme Plant Research Department  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Organisation DLF-Risø Biotechnology Programme Plant Environment Interactions Programme Plant Nutrition agronomic traits and to engineer high-value plants, which are able to meet the growth conditions of the future environment. The department is divided into six research programmes that are linked through

310

Ecology of Plants and Light CAM plants have thick,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

orientation to maximize light exposure. Species Adaptations-Sun Solar tracking by leaves increases light1 Ecology of Plants and Light CAM plants have thick, succulent tissues to allow for organic acid and Light Some CAM plants not obligated to just CAM Can use C3 photosynthesis during day if conditions

Cochran-Stafira, D. Liane

311

THE JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL PHYSICS 140, 114502 (2014) Thermal conductivity of simple liquids: Origin of temperature and packing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. For example, in concen- trating solar power plants1 or in prospective Generation IV nuclear reactors,2THE JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL PHYSICS 140, 114502 (2014) Thermal conductivity of simple liquids: Origin dependence of T1/4 3/2 in the thermal conductivity of the simple Lennard-Jones (LJ) liquid is explored

Boyer, Edmond

312

Pantex Plant | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Pantex Plant Pantex Plant Pantex Plant Pantex Plant | September 2010 Aerial View Pantex Plant | September 2010 Aerial View The primary mission of the Pantex Plant is the assembly, disassembly, testing, and evaluation of nuclear weapons in support of the NNSA stockpile stewardship program. Pantex also performs research and development in conventional high explosives and serves as an interim storage site for plutonium pits removed from dismantled weapons. Enforcement January 7, 2013 Enforcement Letter, NEL-2013-01 Issued to B&W Pantex, LLC related to the Conduct of Nuclear Explosive Operations at the Pantex Plant November 21, 2006 Preliminary Notice of Violation, BWXT Pantex, LLC - EA-2006-04 Issued to BWXT Pantex, LLC, related to Quality Assurance and Safety Basis Requirements Violations at the Pantex Plant

313

Louisiana Nuclear Profile - Power Plants  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Louisiana nuclear power plants, summer capacity and net generation, 2010" "Plant NameTotal Reactors","Summer capacity (mw)","Net generation (thousand mwh)","Share of State nuclear...

314

Belgrade Lot Steam Plant Lot  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2 2A 2A Belgrade Lot Steam Plant Lot Alfond Lot Satellite Lot North Gym Lot Corbett Lot Dunn Lot Hamlin Steam Plant Crosby Machine Tool Lab Children's Center Rogers N S Estabrooke Memorial Gym Stevens

Thomas, Andrew

315

Production of virus resistant plants  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method of suppressing virus gene expression in plants using untranslatable plus sense RNA is disclosed. The method is useful for the production of plants that are resistant to virus infection. 9 figs.

Dougherty, W.G.; Lindbo, J.A.

1996-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

316

Gene encoding plant asparagine synthetase  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The identification and cloning of the gene(s) for plant asparagine synthetase (AS), an important enzyme involved in the formation of asparagine, a major nitrogen transport compound of higher plants is described. Expression vectors constructed with the AS coding sequence may be utilized to produce plant AS; to engineer herbicide resistant plants, salt/drought tolerant plants or pathogen resistant plants; as a dominant selectable marker; or to select for novel herbicides or compounds useful as agents that synchronize plant cells in culture. The promoter for plant AS, which directs high levels of gene expression and is induced in an organ specific manner and by darkness, is also described. The AS promoter may be used to direct the expression of heterologous coding sequences in appropriate hosts.

Coruzzi, Gloria M. (New York, NY); Tsai, Fong-Ying (New York, NY)

1993-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

317

US prep plant census 2008  

SciTech Connect

Each year Coal Age conducts a fairly comprehensive survey of the industry to produce the US coal preparation plant survey. This year's survey shows how many mergers and acquisitions have given coal operators more coal washing capacity. The plants are tabulated by state, giving basic details including company owner, plant name, raw feed, product ash %, quality, type of plant builder and year built. 1 tab., 1 photo.

Fiscor, S.

2008-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

318

Pack.PDF  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

February 1999 February 1999 Revised: 05/05/99 CHEVROLET S-10 ELECTRIC (NIMH BATTERIES) PERFORMANCE CHARACTERIZATION SUMMARY ELECTRIC TRANSPORTATION DIVISION Urban Range (On Urban Pomona Loop - see other side for map) Test UR1 UR2 UR3 UR4 Payload (lb.) 180 180 920 920 AC kWh Recharge 54.93 57.09 54.98 51.34 AC kWh/mi. 0.78 0.91 0.87 0.85 Range (mi.) 70.4 63.0 63.0 60.4 Avg. Ambient Temp. 63°F 66°F 63°F 50°F UR1 Urban Range Test, Min Payload, No Auxiliary Loads UR2 Urban Range Test, Min Payload, A/C on High, Headlights on Low, Radio On UR3 Urban Range Test, Max Payload, No Auxiliary Loads UR4 Urban Range Test, Max Payload, A/C on High, Headlights on Low, Radio On State of Charge Meter (UR1) Freeway Range (On Freeway Pomona Loop - see other side for map) Test FW1 FW2 FW3 FW4 Payload (lb.) 180 180 920 920 AC kWh Recharge

319

On Discrete Hyperbox Packing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

22, 2006; revised November 23, 2006; approved by IEEE/ACM TRANSACTIONS ON NETWORKING Editor Z.-L. Zhang. The work of G. Xue, W. Zhang, and J. Tang was supported in part by the Army Research Office under Grant W911NF-04-1-0385 and by the National... State University, Tempe, AZ 85287-8809 USA (e-mail: xue@asu.edu). W. Zhang is with the Department of Computer Science, North Dakota State University, Fargo, ND 58105 USA (e-mail: weiyi.zhang@ndsu.edu). J. Tang is with the Department of Computer Science...

Li, Xiafeng

2010-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

320

Independent Activity Report, Hanford Waste Treatment Plant -...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Waste Treatment Plant - February 2011 Independent Activity Report, Hanford Waste Treatment Plant - February 2011 February 2011 Hanford Waste Treatment Plant Construction Quality...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "meat packing plants" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Okeanskaya Geothermal Power Plant | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Plant Information Facility Type Single Flash Owner Ministry of Natural Resources of Russia Commercial Online Date 2007 Power Plant Data Type of Plant Number of Generating Units...

322

Mendeleevskaya Geothermal Power Plant | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Plant Information Facility Type Single Flash Owner Ministry of Natural Resources of Russia Commercial Online Date 2007 Power Plant Data Type of Plant Number of Generating Units...

323

Mecca Plant Biomass Facility | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Plant Biomass Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Mecca Plant Biomass Facility Facility Mecca Plant Sector Biomass Location Riverside County, California Coordinates...

324

Jennings Demonstration PLant  

SciTech Connect

Verenium operated a demonstration plant with a capacity to produce 1.4 million gallons of cellulosic ethanol from agricultural resiues for about two years. During this time, the plant was able to evaluate the technical issues in producing ethanol from three different cellulosic feedstocks, sugar cane bagasse, energy cane, and sorghum. The project was intended to develop a better understanding of the operating parameters that would inform a commercial sized operation. Issues related to feedstock variability, use of hydrolytic enzymes, and the viability of fermentative organisms were evaluated. Considerable success was achieved with pretreatment processes and use of enzymes but challenges were encountered with feedstock variability and fermentation systems. Limited amounts of cellulosic ethanol were produced.

Russ Heissner

2010-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

325

TERRORISM AT THE PLANT LEVEL  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

TERRORISM AT THE PLANT LEVEL ... IN THE DAYS FOLLOWING THE Sept. 11 terrorist attacks, chemical plant officials say they have increased security through greater plant surveillance, more guards, intense vehicle inspections, and plans to better coordinate security with similar facilities, fire departments, and police. ...

JEFF JOHNSON

2001-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

326

Special Better Plants Training Opportunities  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

In-Plant Trainings (INPLTs) are system-specific workshops led by Better Plants experts that train participants on how to identify, implement, and replicate energy-saving projects. Better Plant partners host an on-site, three-day training at one of their facilities, and invite others to attend.

327

ENDING PLANTS WASTING WAYS  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Small DOE industrial energy auditing program shows BIG ENERGY EFFICIENCY, financial gains ... FREDERICK FENDT DIDNT EXPECT too much from a Department of Energy-led, three-day energy audit of Rohm and Haass Deer Park, Texas, chemical plant. ... So when Paul Scheihing, who manages the DOE Industrial Technologies Program and coordinates the audits, urged Fendt to take part in a free energy assessment, he agreed. ...

JEFF JOHNSON

2008-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

328

Plants of the Bible  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Bible Bible Nature Bulletin No. 188-A April 16, 1965 Forest Preserve District of Cook County Seymour Simon, President Roland F. Eisenbeis, Supt. of Conservation PLANTS OF THE BIBLE When Jesus suffered on the cross, we are told in the Gospel according to St. Matthew (27:48) that at the ninth hour he thirsted and a sponge, filled with vinegar and put upon a reed, was raised to His lips. It is so related in St. Mark (15:36) but according to St. John (19:29), "they filled a sponge with vinegar, and put it upon hyssop, and put it into his mouth. " What was hyssop. The plant is mentioned frequently in the Bible. The hyssop of our herb gardens is not native to Palestine, Syria or Egypt, but there is evidence that when Solomon "spoke of trees, from the cedar tree that is in Lebanon even unto the hyssop that springeth out of the wall" (I Kings 4:23), he spoke of the herb we call marjoram. The hyssop dipped in the blood of a sacrificial lamb and used by the Israelites in Egypt to mark their doorways (Exodus 12:22), and the hyssop referred to by St. John but called a reed by St. Matthew and St. Mark, was probably sorghum, a tall cereal plant grown by the Jews for food and also used for brushes and brooms.

329

Poinsettia -- The Christmas Plant  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Poinsettia -- The Christmas Plant Poinsettia -- The Christmas Plant Nature Bulletin No. 699 December 22, 1962 Forest Preserve District of Cook County Seymour Simon, President Roberts Mann, Conservation Editor POINSETTIA -- THE CHRISTMAS PLANT Christmas is a day of family gatherings. In each home they have their own traditional customs. Some of us cherish those that are peculiar to the region where we were children, or the land from whence our forefathers came. Most of us have also adopted customs -- such as decorating with holly and mistletoe -- that stem from ancient pagan ceremonies or festivals but have lost their original significance. There are many myths and legends about the origin of our Yuletide customs. (See Bulletins No. 135, 173, 211, 326 and 475). In this country most families have a Christmas tree, a custom that was introduced from Germany by Hessian troops in the British army during the Revolutionary War. It prevails in Britain and most of northern Europe but is unusual in Italy, Spain and Latin America. There, the symbol of Christmas and heart of the celebration in a home is not an Evergreen tree but a miniature reproduction of the stable and manger where Christ was born.

330

Deming Solar Plant Solar Power Plant | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Deming Solar Plant Solar Power Plant Deming Solar Plant Solar Power Plant Jump to: navigation, search Name Deming Solar Plant Solar Power Plant Facility Deming Solar Plant Sector Solar Facility Type Photovoltaic Developer New Solar Ventures/ Solar Torx 50/50 Location New Mexico Coordinates 34.9727305°, -105.0323635° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":34.9727305,"lon":-105.0323635,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

331

Prescott Airport Solar Plant Solar Power Plant | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Prescott Airport Solar Plant Solar Power Plant Prescott Airport Solar Plant Solar Power Plant Jump to: navigation, search Name Prescott Airport Solar Plant Solar Power Plant Facility Prescott Airport Solar Plant Sector Solar Facility Type Photovoltaic Developer APS Location Prescott, Arizona Coordinates 34.5400242°, -112.4685025° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":34.5400242,"lon":-112.4685025,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

332

Solana Generating Plant Solar Power Plant | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Plant Solar Power Plant Plant Solar Power Plant Jump to: navigation, search Name Solana Generating Plant Solar Power Plant Facility Solana Generating Plant Sector Solar Facility Type Concentrating Solar Power Facility Status Under Construction Developer Abengoa Solar Location Gila Bend, Arizona Coordinates 32.916163°, -112.968727° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":32.916163,"lon":-112.968727,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

333

Saguargo Solar Power Plant Solar Power Plant | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Saguargo Solar Power Plant Solar Power Plant Saguargo Solar Power Plant Solar Power Plant Jump to: navigation, search Name Saguargo Solar Power Plant Solar Power Plant Facility Saguargo Solar Power Plant Sector Solar Facility Type Concentrating Solar Power Facility Status In Service Developer Solargenix Location Red Rock, Arizona Coordinates 32.54795°, -111.292887° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":32.54795,"lon":-111.292887,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

334

Waste Isolation Pilot Plant - Reports  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Reports Reports Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Review Report 2013 Review of the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Work Planning and Control Activities, April 2013 Review Report 2012 Review of Site Preparedness for Severe Natural Phenomena Events at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, November 2012 Activity Reports 2011 Orientation Visit to the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, September 2011 Review Reports 2007 Independent Oversight Inspection of Emergency Management at the Carlsbad Field Office and Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, December 2007 Review Reports 2002 Inspection of Environment, Safety, and Health and Emergency Management at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant - Summary Report, August 2002 Inspection of Environment, Safety, and Health Management at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant - Volume I, August 2002

335

Intimate Alliances: Plants and their Microsymbionts  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...November 2011 other Teaching Tools in Plant Biology Intimate Alliances: Plants and their Microsymbionts www.plantcell.org...the plant and microsymbiont. Collectively these intimate alliances play a major role in nutrient assimilation by plants, and...

336

Turbine repair at Nesjavellir geothermal power plant: An Icelandic case study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract During a quadrennial inspection of a 30MW Mitsubishi steam turbine at Nesjavellir geothermal power plant, corrosion products were found on the last set of labyrinth packing in the gland seal system which resulted in erosion corrosion of the turbine rotor. The rotor had worn by approximately 8mm. Because of the tight timeframe of the overhaul, it was decided to repair this failure on site using the experience of the staff and domestic industry. Labyrinth seals were built by a domestic machine shop, decreasing cost and shutdown time dramatically. This article describes the occurring failure and how it was repaired within days with cooperation between the energy company and domestic industry. It further discusses probable causes for such failure and how it may be prevented. The article describes in essence how valuable it can prove to build maintenance knowledge domestically in the geothermal sector.

R.S. Atlason; A. Gunnarsson; R. Unnthorsson

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Kemaliye Geothermal Power Plant | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kemaliye Geothermal Power Plant Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Development Project: Kemaliye Geothermal Power Plant Project Location Information...

338

Propagation of Ornamental Plants.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is well filled with roots. In the other types of layering, select shooi 1 of young growth that bend easily. It usuall: is advisable to wound the stem where it is covered with soil. This cut limits free movemen: ! of food materials and induces root... cuttings. lecent research findings have taken much of uesswork out of this type of propagation t now can be done for many plants with rlrative ease by the home gardener. Some alants remain difficult to propagate by any ' method, but most...

DeWerth, A. F.

1955-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Stacking and twin faults in close-packed crystal structures: exact description of random faulting statistics for the full range of faulting probabilities  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A model of independent random faulting in face-centered-cubic and hexagonal close packing considering single deformation faults or twin faulting is revisited. The approach allows the analysis, within the random model, of the whole range of faulting probabilities. Several descriptions of the underlying faulting process are presented which allows the derivation of different properties of the faulted sequences. The probability of finding two layers of the same type layers apart is derived. It is shown that previous generalizations did not account for mixed terms in the final probability expressions.

Estevez-Rams, E.

2008-08-14T23:59:59.000Z

340

Phase Diagram and Structural Diversity of a Family of Truncated Cubes: Degenerate Close-Packed Structures and Vacancy-Rich States  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Using MonteCarlo simulations and free-energy calculations, we determine the phase diagram of a family of truncated hard cubes, where the shape evolves smoothly from a cube via a cuboctahedron to an octahedron. A remarkable diversity in crystal phases and close-packed structures is found, including a fully degenerate crystal structure, several plastic crystals, as well as vacancy-stabilized crystal phases, all depending sensitively on the precise particle shape. Our results illustrate the intricate relation between phase behavior and building-block shape, and can guide future experimental studies on polyhedral-shaped nanoparticles.

Anjan P. Gantapara; Joost de Graaf; Ren van Roij; Marjolein Dijkstra

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "meat packing plants" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

High Temperature Calcination - MACT Upgrade Equipment Pilot Plant Test  

SciTech Connect

About one million gallons of acidic, hazardous, and radioactive sodium-bearing waste are stored in stainless steel tanks at the Idaho Nuclear Technology and Engineering Center (INTEC), which is a major operating facility of the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory. Calcination at high-temperature conditions (600 C, with alumina nitrate and calcium nitrate chemical addition to the feed) is one of four options currently being considered by the Department of Energy for treatment of the remaining tank wastes. If calcination is selected for future processing of the sodium-bearing waste, it will be necessary to install new off-gas control equipment in the New Waste Calcining Facility (NWCF) to comply with the Maximum Achievable Control Technology (MACT) standards for hazardous waste combustors and incinerators. This will require, as a minimum, installing a carbon bed to reduce mercury emissions from their current level of up to 7,500 to <45 {micro}g/dscm, and a staged combustor to reduce unburned kerosene fuel in the off-gas discharge to <100 ppm CO and <10 ppm hydrocarbons. The staged combustor will also reduce NOx concentrations of about 35,000 ppm by 90-95%. A pilot-plant calcination test was completed in a newly constructed 15-cm diameter calciner vessel. The pilot-plant facility was equipped with a prototype MACT off-gas control system, including a highly efficient cyclone separator and off-gas quench/venturi scrubber for particulate removal, a staged combustor for unburned hydrocarbon and NOx destruction, and a packed activated carbon bed for mercury removal and residual chloride capture. Pilot-plant testing was performed during a 50-hour system operability test January 14-16, followed by a 100-hour high-temperature calcination pilot-plant calcination run January 19-23. Two flowsheet blends were tested: a 50-hour test with an aluminum-to-alkali metal molar ratio (AAR) of 2.25, and a 50-hour test with an AAR of 1.75. Results of the testing indicate that sodium-bearing waste can be successfully calcined at 600 C with an AAR of 1.75. Unburned hydrocarbons are reduced to less than 10 ppm (7% O2, dry basis), with >90% reduction of NOx emissions. Mercury removal by the carbon bed reached 99.99%, surpassing the control efficiency needed to meet MACT emissions standards. No deleterious impacts on the carbon bed were observed during the tests. The test results imply that upgrading the NWCF calciner with a more efficient cyclone separator and the proposed MACT equipment can process the remaining tanks wastes in 3 years or less, and comply with the MACT standards.

Richard D. Boardman; B. H. O'Brien; N. R. Soelberg; S. O. Bates; R. A. Wood; C. St. Michel

2004-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Nuclear Plant/Hydrogen Plant Safety: Issues and Approaches  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Department of Energy, through its agents the Next Generation Nuclear Plant Project and the Nuclear Hydrogen Initiative, is working on developing the technologies to enable the large scale production of hydrogen using nuclear power. A very important consideration in the design of a co-located and connected nuclear plant/hydrogen plant facility is safety. This study provides an overview of the safety issues associated with a combined plant and discusses approaches for categorizing, quantifying, and addressing the safety risks.

Steven R. Sherman

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Another Nuclear Plant To Close  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Vermont Yankee Nuclear Power Station in Vernon, Vt., will permanently shut down in 2014, according to plant owner Entergy. ... In the Vermont Yankee case, Entergys announcement ends a long-simmering dispute between the utility and state officials and residents over the continued operation of the 620-MW plant. ... The Vermont Yankee plant design nearly mirrors that of the Fukushima reactor facility. ...

JEFF JOHNSON

2013-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

344

How plants grow toward light  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

How plants grow toward light How plants grow toward light Name: schwobtj Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: When a seed is planted below the surface of the ground, how does it "know" to grow toward the light? Replies: Plants don't know where the light is, they do respond to gravity. Since light is usually up, a plant seed grows up and finds light enough to keep things going. Psych One way that plants below ground can tell which way is up is with the use of STATOLITHS. Statoliths are dense pieces of material that settle to the bottom of a STATOCYST. In plants, pieces of starch or another material denser than water will settle to the bottom of the cell. Somehow the plant cell determines on what side the statolith has fallen, and then somehow relays a message (probably a chemical) that tells the bottom cells to grow faster than the top cells, therefore causing upward growth. There is still quite a lot of mystery in there to be discovered. I got this explanation from BIOLOGY by Neil Campbell. This is similar to the way in which plants use chemical signals to help them grow towards light.

345

Owners of nuclear power plants  

SciTech Connect

Commercial nuclear power plants in this country can be owned by a number of separate entities, each with varying ownership proportions. Each of these owners may, in turn, have a parent/subsidiary relationship to other companies. In addition, the operator of the plant may be a different entity as well. This report provides a compilation on the owners/operators for all commercial power reactors in the United States. While the utility industry is currently experiencing changes in organizational structure which may affect nuclear plant ownership, the data in this report is current as of July 1996. The report is divided into sections representing different aspects of nuclear plant ownership.

Hudson, C.R.; White, V.S.

1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Development of the merchant plant  

SciTech Connect

The co-authors of this paper are currently involved in over 1500 megawatts of merchant plant developments in the US. This paper will discuss the latest in combined cycle steam reheat ``H and G'' technology. Big improvements in heat rates along with substantial drop in installed cost will make this power cycle the leading merchant plant of the future. This paper will compare the actual present day performance and clearing price of a state-of-the-art merchant plant versus utility dispatch cost duration curves, known as ``system lambda''. Deregulation of the power market will ultimately provide an open market for these efficient plants to compete effectively against aging utility plants. Comparison of utility system heat rates versus merchant plant heat rates along with an increase need for generation capacity and forecasts of stable gas prices supports to the potential for a large scale building program of these high efficiency generators. This paper will also review the capacity crunch in the Northeast and Wisconsin and how problems with nuclear plants may accelerate the need for merchant plants. This paper will compare the required capacity for the population growth in the SERC Region and in Florida and how this will produce a potential ``hot bed'' for merchant plant development.

Wolfinger, R.; Gilliss, M.B.

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Better Plants Partnership Agreement Form  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Better Buildings, Better Plants Partnership Agreement Form commits organizations to work with DOE to reduce energy intensity by 25% over ten years.

348

Pantex Plant Emergency Response Exercise  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Joint Information Center Emergency Manager Offsite Interface Coordinator DOE Technical Advisor Emergency Press Center Radiation Safety Figure 1. Pantex Plant Emergency Response...

349

Next Generation Nuclear Plant Phenomena  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

5 ORNLTM-2007147, Vol. 5 Next Generation Nuclear Plant Phenomena Identification and Ranking Tables (PIRTs) Volume 5: Graphite PIRTs Office of Nuclear Regulatory Research...

350

Quality In-Plant Environment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, the Quality of In-plant Envi~onment. How can employees be expected to p~oduce Wo~ld-class quality pa~ts with a "di~ty" plant? Obviously, the wo~k environment has an effect on the attitude of the wo~k force. Quality of In-plant Environment con sists... reduced to .87 years. CONCLUSION The changing business climate can present opportunities for dramatic energy savings. Concepts such as Quality of Work LiEe and Quality In-Plant Environment may initially appear to have a very negative efE~ct on total...

Petzold, M. A.

351

,"California Natural Gas Plant Processing"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","California Natural Gas Plant Processing",3,"Annual",2013,"6301967" ,"Release Date:","1031...

352

The northeast Georgia hydroelectric plants.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The Northeast Georgia hydroelectric plants are important cultural resources to the state of Georgia and the communities immediately adjacent. If the early technology of these (more)

Kelly, Nancy Elizabeth

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

Better Plants Progress Update 2014  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The 2014 Progress Update details Better Buildings, Better Plants Program accomplishments, including new partners, new initiatives, and energy and cost savings experienced by partners.

354

THE SCIOTO ORDNANCE PLANT  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

' ' 1 . \." _ j. .I > * .A; .i ,' / / ,/ ' , ( , ( 1: 1 i I l-1 5 ' / ,,' :A' ' , THE SCIOTO ORDNANCE PLANT . and THE MARION ENGINEER DEPOT of Marion, Ohio A Profile AFTER FORTY YEARS BY Charles D. Mosher and Delpha Ruth Mosher . . . 111 THE AUTHORS Charles D. Mosher was born on a farm located in Morrow County on Mosher Road near Mt. Gilead. He received his TH.B. from Malone College, B.A. from Baldwin-Wallace College and his B.Div. and M.Div. at the Nazarene Theological Seminary in Kansas City, MO. He did additional graduate work at Western Reserve University, Kent State University and Florida State University. He has taught in Cleveland and in Morrow County and has been an Occupational Work Adjustment teacher at Harding High School in Marion

355

Fuel cell generating plant  

SciTech Connect

This paper discusses a fuel cell generating plant. It comprises a compressed fuel supply; a fuel cell system including fuel conditioning apparatus and fuel cells; a main fuel conduit for conveying fuel from the fuel supply to the fuel cell system; a turbo compressor having a turbine receiving exhaust products from the fuel cell system and a compressor for compressing air; a main air conduit for conveying air from the compressor to the fuel cell system; an auxiliary burner having a primary burner and a pilot; an auxiliary air conduit for conveying air from the compressed fuel supply to the auxiliary burner; an auxiliary exhaust conduit for conveying exhaust products from the auxiliary burner to the turbine; a check valve located between the fuel supply and the pilot; and a gas accumulator in the auxiliary fuel conduit located between the check valve and the pilot.

Sanderson, R.A.

1990-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

356

(Photosynthesis in intact plants)  

SciTech Connect

Progress in the two years since the last renewal application has been excellent. We have made substantial contributions on both main fronts of the projects, and are particularly happy with the progress of our research on intact plants. The approach of basing our field work on a sound foundation of laboratory studies has enabled is to use methods which provide unambiguous assays of well characterized reactions. We have also made excellent progress in several laboratory studies which will have direct applications in future field work, and have introduced to the laboratory a range of molecular genetics techniques which will allow us to explore new options in the attempt to understand function at the level of molecular structure.

Not Available

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Geothermal electric power plant status  

SciTech Connect

A status summary of the activity for the 44 proposed geothermal electric power plants in the United States as of March 31, 1981 is presented, as well as the power on-line electric plants to date. The information comes from the Department of Energy Geothermal Progress Monitor System (DOE, 1981).

Murphy, M.; Entingh, D.J.

1981-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

NETL Water and Power Plants  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Water and Power Plants Review Water and Power Plants Review A review meeting was held on June 20, 2006 of the NETL Water and Power Plants research program at the Pittsburgh NETL site. Thomas Feeley, Technology Manager for the Innovations for Existing Plants Program, gave background information and an overview of the Innovations for Existing Plants Water Program. Ongoing/Ending Projects Alternative Water Sources Michael DiFilippo, a consultant for EPRI, presented results from the project "Use of Produced Water in Recirculated Cooling Systems at Power Generating Facilities". John Rodgers, from Clemson University, presented results from the project "An Innovative System for the Efficient and Effective Treatment of Non-traditional Waters for Reuse in Thermoelectric Power Generation".

359

Plants and Night Oxygen Production  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Plants and Night Oxygen Production Plants and Night Oxygen Production Name: Ashar Status: other Grade: other Location: Outside U.S. Country: India Date: Winter 2011-2012 Question: I would like to know if there are any plants which produces oxygen at night (without photosynthesis). I was told by a friend that Holy Basil (Ocimum tenuiflorum) produces oxygen even at night and I'm not convinced. I would like to get confirmation from experts. Replies: Some plants (particularly those of dry regions, e.g., deserts) only open their stomates at night to avoid drying out to intake CO2 (and output O2) (CAM photosynthesis) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crassulacean_acid_metabolism Sincerely, Anthony R. Brach, PhD Missouri Botanical Garden Bringing oxygen producing plants into your home is a way to mimic the healthy lifestyle factors of longevity in humans from the longest lived cultures.

360

Overview of enrichment plant safeguards  

SciTech Connect

The relationship of enrichment plant safeguards to US nonproliferation objectives and to the operation and management of enrichment facilities is reviewed. During the review, the major components of both domestic and international safeguards systems for enrichment plants are discussed. In discussing domestic safeguards systems, examples of the technology currently in use to support nuclear materials accountability are described including the measurement methods, procedures and equipment used for weighing, sampling, chemical and isotopic analyses and nondestructive assay techniques. Also discussed is how the information obtained as part of the nuclear material accountancy task is useful to enrichment plant operations. International material accountancy verification and containment/surveillance concepts for enrichment plants are discussed, and the technologies presently being developed for international safeguards in enrichment plants are identified and the current development status is reported.

Swindle, D.W. Jr.; Wheeler, L.E.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "meat packing plants" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Plant maintenance and plant life extension issue, 2007  

SciTech Connect

The focus of the March-April issue is on plant maintenance and plant life extension. Major articles/reports in this issue include: Three proposed COLs expected in 2007, by Dale E. Klein, U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission; Delivering behaviors that our customers value, by Jack Allen, Westinghouse Electric Company; Facilitating high-level and fuel waste disposal technologies, by Malcolm Gray, IAEA, Austria; Plant life management and long-term operation, by Pal Kovacs, OECD-NEA, France; Measuring control rod position, by R. Taymanov, K. Sapozhnikova, I. Druzhinin, D.I. Mendeleyev, Institue for Metrology, Russia; and, 'Modernization' means higher safety, by Svetlana Genova, Kozluduy NPP plc, Bulgaria.

Agnihotri, Newal (ed.)

2007-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

362

Early Entrance Coproduction Plant  

SciTech Connect

The overall objective of this project is the three phase development of an Early Entrance Coproduction Plant (EECP) which uses petroleum coke to produce at least one product from at least two of the following three categories: (1) electric power (or heat), (2) fuels, and (3) chemicals. The objective is to have these products produced by technologies capable of using synthesis gas derived from coal and/or other carbonaceous feedstocks. The objectives of Phase I were to determine the feasibility and define the concept for the EECP located at a specific site; develop a Research, Development, and Testing (RD&T) Plan for implementation in Phase II; and prepare a Preliminary Project Financing Plan. The objective of Phase II is to implement the work as outlined in the Phase I RD&T Plan to enhance the development and commercial acceptance of coproduction technology that produces high-value products, particularly those that are critical to our domestic fuel and power requirements. The work performed under Phase II will resolve critical knowledge and technology gaps on the integration of gasification and downstream processing to coproduce some combination of power, fuels, and chemicals from coal and/or other carbonaceous feedstocks. The objective of Phase III is to develop an engineering design package and a financing and testing plan for an EECP located at a specific site. The project's intended result is to provide the necessary technical, economic, and environmental information needed by industry to move the EECP forward to detailed design, construction, and operation.

Mushtaq Ahmed; John H. Anderson; Earl R. Berry; Troy Raybold; Lalit S. Shah; Kenneth A. Yackly

2004-01-26T23:59:59.000Z

363

EARLY ENTRANCE COPRODUCTION PLANT  

SciTech Connect

The overall objective of this project is the three phase development of an Early Entrance Coproduction Plant (EECP) which produces at least one product from at least two of the following three categories: (1) electric power (or heat), (2) fuels, and (3) chemicals. The objective is to have these products produced by technologies capable of using synthesis gas derived from coal and/or other carbonaceous feedstocks. The objective of Phase I is to determine the feasibility and define the concept for the EECP located at a specific site and to develop a Research, Development, and Testing Plan (RD and T) for implementation in Phase II. The objective of Phase II is to implement the RD and T as outlined in the Phase I RD and T Plan to enhance the development and commercial acceptance of coproduction technology that produces high-value products, particularly those that are critical to our domestic fuel and power requirements. The project will resolve critical knowledge and technology gaps on the integration of gasification and downstream processing to coproduce some combination of power, fuels, and chemicals from coal and/or other carbonaceous feedstocks. The objective of Phase III is to develop an engineering design package and a financing plan for an EECP located at a specific site. The project's intended result is to provide the necessary technical, economic, and environmental information that will be needed to move the EECP forward to detailed design, construction, and operation by industry.

John S. Abughazaleh; Mushtaq Ahmed; Ashok Anand; John H. Anderson; Charles Benham; Fred D. Brent; Thomas E. Chance; William K. Davis; Raymond F. Drnevich; Larry Hall; Ming He; Stephen A. Lang; Jimmy O. Ong; Sarah J. Patel; George Potoczniak; Adela G. Sanchez; Charles H. Schrader; Lalit S. Shah; Phil J. Shires; Rae Song

2001-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

364

EARLY ENTRANCE COPRODUCTION PLANT  

SciTech Connect

The overall objective of this project is the three phase development of an Early Entrance Coproduction Plant (EECP) which produces at least one product from at least two of the following three categories: (1) electric power (or heat), (2) fuels, and (3) chemicals. The objective is to have these products produced by technologies capable of using synthesis gas derived from coal and/or other carbonaceous feedstock. The objective of Phase I is to determine the feasibility and define the concept for the EECP located at a specific site and to develop a Research, Development, and Testing Plan (RD and T) for implementation in Phase II. The objective of Phase II is to implement the RD and T as outlined in the Phase I RD and T Plan to enhance the development and commercial acceptance of coproduction technology that produces high-value products, particularly those that are critical to our domestic fuel and power requirements. The project will resolve critical knowledge and technology gaps on the integration of gasification and downstream processing to coproduce some combination of power, fuels, and chemicals from coal and other feedstocks. The objective of Phase III is to develop an engineering design package and a financing plan for an EECP located at a specific site. The project's intended result is to provide the necessary technical, economic, and environmental information that will be needed to move the EECP forward to detailed design, construction, and operation by industry.

John S. Abughazaleh; Mushtaq Ahmed; Ashok Anand; John H. Anderson; Charles Benham; Fred D. Brent; Thomas E. Chance; William K. Davis; Raymond F. Drnevich; Larry Hall; Ming He; Stephen A. Lang; Jimmy O. Ong; Sarah J. Patel; George Potoczniak; Adela G. Sanchez; Charles H. Schrader; Lalit S. Shah; Phil J. Shires; Rae Song

2000-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

365

Aquatic plant control research  

SciTech Connect

The Northwest region of the United States contains extensive canal systems that transport water for hydropower generation. Nuisance plants, including algae, that grow in these systems reduce their hydraulic capacity through water displacement and increased surface friction. Most control methods are applied in an ad hoc fashion. The goal of this work is to develop cost-effective, environmentally sound, long-term management strategies to prevent and control nuisance algal growth. This paper reports on a multi-year study, performed in collaboration with the Pacific Gas & Electric Company, to investigate algal growth in their canal systems, and to evaluate various control methodologies. Three types of controls, including mechanical, biological and chemical treatment, were selected for testing and evaluation. As part of this study, water quality data were collected and algal communities were sampled from numerous stations throughout the distribution system at regular intervals. This study resulted in a more comprehensive understanding of conditions leading to the development of nuisance algal growth, a better informed selection of treatment plans, and improved evaluation of the effectiveness for the control strategies selected for testing.

Pryfogle, P.A.; Rinehart, B.N. [Idaho National Engineering Lab., Idaho Falls, ID (United States); Ghio, E.G. [Pacific Gas & Electric Company, San Francisco, CA (United States). Hydro Generation Engineering

1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

EARLY ENTRANCE COPRODUCTION PLANT  

SciTech Connect

The overall objective of this project is the three-phase development of an Early Entrance Coproduction Plant (EECP) that produces at least one product from at least two of the following three categories: Electric power (or heat); Fuels; and Chemicals. The objective is to have these products produced by technologies capable of using synthesis gas derived from coal and/or some other carbonaceous feedstock, such as petroleum coke. The objective of Phase I was to determine the feasibility and define the concept for the EECP located at a specific site and to develop a Research, Development, and Testing (RD and T) Plan for implementation in Phase II. This objective has now been accomplished. A specific site, Motiva Refinery in Port Arthur, Texas, has been selected as the location best suited for the EECP. The accomplishments of Phase I are discussed in detail in this Phase I Concept Report. A RD and T Plan and a preliminary project financing plan have been developed and are submitted separately from this report.

John S. Abughazaleh; Mushtaq Ahmed; Ashok Anand; John H. Anderson; Charles Benham; Fred D. Brent; Thomas E. Chance; William K. Davis; Raymond F. Drnevich; Larry Hall; Ming He; Stephen A. Lang; David Mintner; Wendy Moore; Jimmy O. Ong; George Potoczniak; Adela G. Sanchez; Charles H. Schrader; Lalit S. Shah; Kalapi D. Sheth; Phil J. Shires; Rae Song

2001-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

367

Oversight Reports - Pantex Plant | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Oversight Reports - Pantex Plant Oversight Reports - Pantex Plant Oversight Reports - Pantex Plant December 31, 2013 Independent Oversight Review, Pantex Plant, December 2013 Targeted Review of the Safety Significant Blast Door and Personnel Door Interlock Systems and Review of Federal Assurance Capability at the Pantex Plant June 6, 2013 Independent Activity Report, Pantex Plant - May 2013 Operational Awareness Oversight of the Pantex Plant [HIAR PTX-2013-05-20] December 11, 2012 Independent Activity Report, Pantex Plant - November 2012 Pantex Plant Operational Awareness Site Visit [HIAR PTX-2012-11-08] November 28, 2012 Independent Oversight Assessment, Pantex Plant - November 2012 Assessment of Nuclear Safety Culture at the Pantex Plant August 8, 2012 Independent Activity Report, Pantex Plant - July 2012

368

High-temperature Thermal Storage System for Solar Tower Power Plants with Open-volumetric Air Receiver Simulation and Energy Balancing of a Discretized Model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper describes the modeling of a high-temperature storage system for an existing solar tower power plant with open volumetric receiver technology, which uses air as heat transfer medium (HTF). The storage system model has been developed in the simulation environment Matlab/Simulink. The storage type under investigation is a packed bed thermal energy storage system which has the characteristics of a regenerator. Thermal energy can be stored and discharged as required via the HTF air. The air mass flow distribution is controlled by valves, and the mass flow by two blowers. The thermal storage operation strategy has a direct and significant impact on the energetic and economic efficiency of the solar tower power plants.

Valentina Kronhardt; Spiros Alexopoulos; Martin Reiel; Johannes Sattler; Bernhard Hoffschmidt; Matthias Hnel; Till Doerbeck

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Illinois Nuclear Profile - Power Plants  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Illinois nuclear power plants, summer capacity and net generation, 2010" Illinois nuclear power plants, summer capacity and net generation, 2010" "Plant name/total reactors","Summer capacity (mw)","Net generation (thousand mwh)","Share of State nuclear net generation (percent)","Owner" "Braidwood Generation Station Unit 1, Unit 2","2,330","19,200",20.0,"Exelon Nuclear" "Byron Generating Station Unit 1, Unit 2","2,300","19,856",20.6,"Exelon Nuclear" "Clinton Power Station Unit 1","1,065","8,612",9.0,"Exelon Nuclear" "Dresden Generating Station Unit 2, Unit 3","1,734","14,593",15.2,"Exelon Nuclear" "LaSalle Generating Station

370

Valuable Plants Native to Texas.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

"in the wild" indicates that the. plant may be found growing as a native and should be procured'from such a location. Whenever possible plants should be secured from floriculturists and nurserymen. In Texas there is a large number of small... it on another tree. It is not only a curiosity but a thing of beauty. For demonstrating the recovery power of desert plants this is one of the best organisms. nunda cinnamomea L. Cinnamon Fern. Too well known to need -iption; native to the eastern part...

Parks, Harris Braley

1937-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Geothermal Heat Flow and Existing Geothermal Plants | Department...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

Geothermal Heat Flow and Existing Geothermal Plants Geothermal Heat Flow and Existing Geothermal Plants Geothermal Heat Flow and Existing Plants With plants in development. Click...

372

Evaluation of packed-bed and fluidized-bed cell technology for the destruction and removal of contaminants in alkaline waste solutions. Final report  

SciTech Connect

Disposing of the large quantity of nuclear waste that has been produced within the DOE complex is an area of active research and development. Electrochemical processes have been reported for the treatment of alkaline wastes including the destruction of nitrate and nitrite and the removal of metals such as Tc and Ru. Electrolytic recovery of metals from dilute solution has been reported using conventional porous electrodes such as felt electrode and reticulated electrode, but use of such electrodes is limited. The pores of such electrodes become blocked as a consequence of metal deposition. If an attempt is made to regenerate these electrodes by dissolution of the deposited metals, oxygen evolution on the matrix competes with dissolution of metals deposited within the pores. On the other hand, the use of three dimensional packed-bed and fluidized-bed electrodes having large surface area per unit volume would offer an improvement on felt or reticulated system because of the greater ease of regeneration.

Hobbs, D.T. [Westinghouse Savannah River Co., Aiken, SC (United States); Bockris, J.O.M.; Kim, Jinseong [Texas A& M Univ., College Station, TX (United States). Surface Electrochemistry Laboratory

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

373

EARLY ENTRANCE COPRODUCTION PLANT  

SciTech Connect

As part of the Department of Energy's (DOE) Gasification Technologies and Transportation Fuels and Chemicals programs, DOE and Texaco are partners through Cooperative Agreement DE-FC26-99FT40658 to determine the feasibility of developing, constructing and operating an Early Entrance Coproduction Plant (EECP). The overall objective of the project is the three-phase development of an EECP that produces at least one product from at least two of the following three categories: Electric power (or heat); Fuels; and Chemicals. The objective is to have these products produced by technologies capable of using synthesis gas derived from coal and/or some other carbonaceous feedstock, such as petroleum coke. The objective of Phase I was to determine the feasibility and define the concept for the EECP located at a specific site and to develop a Research, Development, and Testing (RD and T) Plan for implementation in Phase II. This objective has now been accomplished. A specific site, Motiva Refinery in Port Arthur, Texas, has been selected as the location best suited for the EECP. The specific work requirements of Phase I included: Prepare an EECP Preliminary Concept Report covering Tasks 2-8 specified in the Cooperative Agreement; Develop a Research, Development, and Testing (RD and T) Plan as specified in Task 9 of the Cooperative Agreement for implementation in Phase II; and Develop a Preliminary Project Financing Plan for the EECP Project as specified in Task 10 of the Cooperative Agreement. This document is the Preliminary Project Financing Plan for the design, construction, and operation of the EECP at the Motiva Port Arthur Refinery.

John H. Anderson; William K. Davis; Thomas W. Sloop

2001-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

374

CERTIFICATION DOCKET WESTINGHOUSE ATOMIC POWER DEVELOPMENT PLANT  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

WESTINGHOUSE ATOMIC POWER DEVELOPMENT PLANT WESTINGHOUSE ATOMIC POWER DEVELOPMENT PLANT EAST PITTSBURGH PLANT FOREST HILLS PITTSBURGH, PENNSYLVANIA Department of Energy Office of Nuclear Energy Office of Terminal Waste Disposal and Remedial Action Division of Remedial Action Projects ..-.. --__- _".-.-l--_--l -_._ _- --- ~~~. . ..~ CONTENTS Page - - I NTRODUCTI ON 1 Purpose 1 Docket Contents 1 Exhibit I: Summary of Activities at Westinghouse Atomic Power Development Plant, East Pittsburgh Plant, Forest Hills, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania I-l Exhibit II: Documents Supporting the Certification of Westinghouse Atomic Power Development Plant, East Pittsburgh Plant, Forest Hills, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania iii II-1 . . .- .__.^ I ^_... _.-__^-____-. - CERTIFICATION DOCKET WESTINGHOUSE ATOMIC POWER DEVELOPMENT PLANT

375

Independent Oversight Assessment, Pantex Plant - November 2012...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Oversight Assessment, Pantex Plant - November 2012 November 2012 Assessment of Nuclear Safety Culture at the Pantex Plant This report provides the results of an independent...

376

Oversight Reports - Pantex Plant | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2012 Independent Oversight Assessment, Pantex Plant - November 2012 Assessment of Nuclear Safety Culture at the Pantex Plant August 8, 2012 Independent Activity Report, Pantex...

377

Independent Activity Report, Hanford Plutonium Finishing Plant...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Plutonium Finishing Plant - May 2012 Independent Activity Report, Hanford Plutonium Finishing Plant - May 2012 May 2012 Criticality Safety Information Meeting for the Hanford...

378

Oversight Reports - Waste Isolation Pilot Plant | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2011 Orientation Visit to the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant HIAR-WIPP-2011-09-07 November 26, 2007 Independent Oversight Inspection, Waste Isolation Pilot Plant - December 2007...

379

North Carolina Nuclear Profile - Power Plants  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Carolina nuclear power plants, summer capacity and net generation, 2010" "Plant nametotal reactors","Summer capacity (mw)","Net generation (thousand mwh)","Share of State nuclear...

380

New Jersey Nuclear Profile - Power Plants  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

nuclear power plants, summer capacity and net generation, 2010" "Plant nametotal reactors","Summer capacity (mw)","Net generation (thousand mwh)","Share of State nuclear net...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "meat packing plants" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

New Hampshire Nuclear Profile - Power Plants  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

nuclear power plants, summer capacity and net generation, 2010" "Plant nametotal reactors","Summer capacity (nw)","Net generation (thousand mwh)","Share of State nuclear net...

382

Matsukawa Geothermal Power Plant | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Information Name Matsukawa Geothermal Power Plant Facility ower Plant Sector Geothermal energy Location Information Location Iwate, Japan Coordinates 39.980897288029,...

383

Tuzla Geothermal Power Plant | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Tuzla Geothermal Power Plant Facility Power Plant Sector Geothermal energy Location Information Location Ayvacik, Canakkale Coordinates 39.553940696342, 26.161228192504 Loading...

384

Independent Oversight Inspection, Waste Isolation Pilot Plant...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Plant, Summary Report - August 2002 Independent Oversight Inspection, Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, Summary Report - August 2002 August 2002 Inspection of Environment, Safety, and...

385

Independent Oversight Inspection, Pantex Plant - June 2009 |...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

Inspection, Pantex Plant - June 2009 June 2009 Inspection of Environment, Safety, and Health Programs at the Pantex Plant This report documents the results of an inspection of the...

386

Camptothecine, a selective plant growth regulator  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Camptothecine, a selective plant growth regulator ... The literature documents several hundred plant products that appear to exhibit growth-regulating activity. ...

J. George Buta; Joseph F. Worley

1976-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Advanced Plant Pharmaceuticals Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Pharmaceuticals Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name: Advanced Plant Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Place: New York, New York Product: String representation "Advanced Plant ... f its...

388

Independent Oversight Inspection, Pantex Plant, Summary Report...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Inspection, Pantex Plant, Summary Report - November 2002 November 2002 Inspection of Environment, Safety, and Health and Emergency Management at the Pantex Plant This report...

389

Independent Oversight Inspection, Pantex Plant, February 2005...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Oversight Inspection, Pantex Plant, February 2005 February 2005 Inspection of Environment, Safety, and Health Programs at the Pantex Plant This report provides the results...

390

Waste Treatment and Immobilation Plant Pretreatment Facility...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Treatment and Immobilation Plant Pretreatment Facility Waste Treatment and Immobilation Plant Pretreatment Facility Full Document and Summary Versions are available for download...

391

Waste Isolation Pilot Plant | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Operators prepare drums of contact-handled transuranic waste for loading into transportation containers Operators prepare...

392

Better Tools for Better Plants  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Better Tools for Better Plants Better Tools for Better Plants Andre de Fontaine Bill Orthwein, CEM Advanced Manufacturing Office, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy U.S. Department of Energy November 15, 2011 2 | Advanced Manufacturing Office eere.energy.gov Today * New opportunities - AMO Overview - Better Buildings, Better Plants Program - Better Buildings, Better Plants Challenge * New and revised tool suite - Energy Management Toolkit - Updated system assessment tools - Tool-related training 3 | Advanced Manufacturing Office eere.energy.gov Manufacturing Matters * 11% of U.S. GDP * 12 million U.S. jobs * 60% of U.S. engineering and science jobs % Manufacturing Job Growth or Loss 31.8% of all manufacturing jobs lost from 2000-2011 Jobs 31% of all 2010 U.S. total energy consumption

393

Gasification of selected woody plants  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The article contains laboratory data comparing the rate of gasification of five types of woody plantsbeech, ... oak, willow, poplar and rose. The gasification rate was determined thermogravimetrically. Carbon di...

Buryan Petr

2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Energy Efficiency in Chilling Plants  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Energy Efficiency in Chilling Plants Xin Wang????PhD. CandidateBuilding Energy Research Centre, Tsinghua University2006.10.11 2 Index ? Improve COP of chillers ? Increase load ratio? Decrease cooling water temperature? Increase chilled water...

Wang, X.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

"NATURAL GAS PROCESSING PLANT SURVEY"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

0.5 hours" "NATURAL GAS PROCESSING PLANT SURVEY" "FORM EIA-757" "Schedule A: Baseline Report " "This report is mandatory under the Federal Energy Administration Act of 1974 (Public...

396

Freeport Begins Offshore Sulfur Plant  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Freeport Begins Offshore Sulfur Plant ... Discovered by Humble Oil & Refining, the sulfur deposit off Grand Isle is believed by industry observers to be one of the largest discovered in recent years. ...

1958-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

397

Pantex Plant | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers (EERE)

including explosives, at DOE's Pantex Plant. January 7, 2013 Enforcement Letter, NEL-2013-01 - January 7, 2013 Issued to B&W Pantex, LLC related to the Conduct of Nuclear...

398

Description Plants ESIS ESD FSGD  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ecological Site Description Plants ESIS ESD FSGD ESI Forestland ESI Rangeland Data Access > Return CHARACTERISTICS Site Type: Rangeland Site Name: Red Sandy Loam 25-32" PZ Site ID: R082AY369TX Major Land Resource

399

Computer Control of Unattended Plants  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Providing a cost-effective and reliable computer monitoring, control, and optimization package is a greater challenge for small, unattended plants than for large energy intensive facilities. This paper describes the successful application of a...

Vinson, D. R.; Chatterjee, N.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Intercellular Communication during Plant Development  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...metabolic processes; however, levels are tightly regulated as excess ROS can be cytotoxic. Plants also actively produce ROS through...circadian and ultradian clocks, such as their disruption by lithium, suggest that these clocks may share some regulatory mechanisms...

Jaimie M. Van Norman; Natalie W. Breakfield; Philip N. Benfey

2011-03-08T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "meat packing plants" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Issues for New Nuclear Plants  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

to Explore * Idaho's energy picture * Nuclear power in the U.S. * Potential for a nuclear power plant in Idaho 0 5 10 15 20 25 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 Million Megawatt-Hours Total...

402

Balancing people, plants, and practices  

SciTech Connect

Two of the biggest challenges facing the US power industry today are retaining an experienced, capable workforce and operating and maintaining a reliable, diversified fleet of generating plants. Success in the marketplace requires a proper balancing of staff and new technology, something few gencos do well. Following this introductory paper in this issue are several technical articles representing a small sample of the steps that gencos nationwide are taking to prolong plant life. Unlike the false promise of Ponce de Leon's fountain of youth in Florida, the promise of longer life for aging plants is real wherever experienced engineers and technicians are on the job. The article looks at problems across America, from the East Coast to the West Coast. It is supported by diagrams projecting US new capacity and plant type additions up to 2014. 5 figs.

Peltier, R.

2006-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

403

Thermal Solar Power Plants Experience  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In parallel with rising interest in solar power generation, several solar thermal facilities of different configuration and size were ... were designed as modest-size experimental or prototype solar power plants ...

W. Grasse; H. P. Hertlein; C.-J. Winter; G. W. Braun

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Plant salt-tolerance mechanisms  

Crop performance is severely affected by high salt concentrations in soils. To engineer more salt-tolerant plants it is crucial to unravel the key components of the plant salt-tolerance network. Here we review our understanding of the core salt-tolerance mechanisms in plants. Recent studies have shown that stress sensing and signaling components can play important roles in regulating the plant salinity stress response. We also review key Na+ transport and detoxification pathways and the impact of epigenetic chromatin modifications on salinity tolerance. In addition, we discuss the progress that has been made towards engineering salt tolerance in crops, including marker-assisted selection and gene stacking techniques. We also identify key open questions that remain to be addressed in the future.

Deinlein, Ulrich; Stephan, Aaron B.; Horie, Tomoaki; Luo, Wei; Xu, Guohua; Schroeder, Julian I.

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Overview BETTER BUILDINGS, BETTER PLANTS  

Energy Savers (EERE)

1,700 Cumulative Avoided CO 2 Emissions (Million Metric Ton) 18.5 Average Annual Energy Intensity Improvement Rate through 2013 2.4% Better Plants Snapshot, February 2015...

406

A neighborhood alternative energy plant  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A design that proposes the redefinition of the role of a power plant facility within a community by creating a humane environment for recreation, education, community gathering, living, and energy production; rather than ...

Brooks, Douglas James

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Mixtec plant nomenclature and classification  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Capsicum pubescens L. , SOLANACEAE yutu tuyaa kun: la matade chile amarillo (PIN) tuyaa: chili plants (JAM) cha:nikandi yaa: chilar (CAB) tuyaa (COI) Clethra mexicana

de Avila, Alejandro

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Water Filtration Using Plant Xylem  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Effective point-of-use devices for providing safe drinking water are urgently needed to reduce the global burden of waterborne disease. Here we show that plant xylem from the sapwood of coniferous trees a readily available, ...

Boutilier, Michael Stephen Ha

409

DSM Power Plant in India  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

India is facing acute energy shortage that is likely to affect its economic development. There are severe supply side constraints in term of coal and gas shortages that are likely to continue in the near future. Hence, in its current focus to solving the energy shortage problem and sustaining the development trajectory, the country should aim at a balance between supply side and demand side measures. Energy Efficiency in end use is increasingly gaining importance as one of the most cost effective options for achieving short to medium term energy savings. India has initiated the National Mission for Enhanced Energy Efficiency under National Action Plan for Climate Change which addresses various aspects of energy efficiency such as technology, financing, fiscal incentive and also creation of energy efficiency as a market instrument. However, even though energy efficiency has substantial scope in the Indian subcontinent, the market for energy efficiency has been limited. This paper discusses the concept of mega Demand Side Management projects as a DSM Power Plant. A DSM Power Plant acts as an umbrella with multiple energy efficiency schemes under its ambit aimed at transforming energy efficiency into a business by providing a push to the scale of operation as well as financial sustenance to energy efficiency projects. This paper expounds on the various aspects of DSM Power Plant in terms of its policy and institutional mechanism for the large scale implementation of energy efficiency in India. This paper provides an illustration of the concept of DSM Power Plant model through a case study in one of the states (Rajasthan) of India. Further, a comparative analysis of the cost of generation from DSM Power Plant and a representative conventional power plant (CPP) in Rajasthan has been undertaken and the DSM Power Plant comes out to be a more cost effective option. The concept of DSM Power Plant will not only address the issue of energy shortages but will also help the financially thwarted utilities to reduce their revenue deficit in the near future.

Saurabh Gupta; Tanushree Bhattacharya

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Researching power plant water recovery  

SciTech Connect

A range of projects supported by NETl under the Innovations for Existing Plant Program are investigating modifications to power plant cooling systems for reducing water loss, and recovering water from the flue gas and the cooling tower. This paper discusses two technologies showing particular promise condense water that is typically lost to evaporation, SPX technologies' Air2Air{sup trademark} condenses water from a cooling tower, while Lehigh University's process condenses water and acid in flue gas. 3 figs.

NONE

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

EARLY ENTRANCE COPRODUCTION PLANT  

SciTech Connect

The overall objective of this project is the three phase development of an Early Entrance Coproduction Plant (EECP) which uses petroleum coke to produce at least one product from at least two of the following three categories: (1) electric power (or heat), (2) fuels, and (3) chemicals using ChevronTexaco's proprietary gasification technology. The objective of Phase I is to determine the feasibility and define the concept for the EECP located at a specific site; develop a Research, Development, and Testing (RD&T) Plan to mitigate technical risks and barriers; and prepare a Preliminary Project Financing Plan. The objective of Phase II is to implement the work as outlined in the Phase I RD&T Plan to enhance the development and commercial acceptance of coproduction technology. The objective of Phase III is to develop an engineering design package and a financing and testing plan for an EECP located at a specific site. The project's intended result is to provide the necessary technical, economic, and environmental information needed by industry to move the EECP forward to detailed design, construction, and operation. The partners in this project are Texaco Energy Systems LLC or TES (a subsidiary of ChevronTexaco), General Electric (GE), Praxair, and Kellogg Brown & Root (KBR) in addition to the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). TES is providing gasification technology and Fischer-Tropsch (F-T) technology developed by Rentech, GE is providing combustion turbine technology, Praxair is providing air separation technology, and KBR is providing engineering. Each of the EECP subsystems was assessed for technical risks and barriers. A plan was developed to mitigate the identified risks (Phase II RD&T Plan, October 2000). The potential technical and economic risks to the EECP from Task 2.5 can be mitigated by demonstrating that the end-use products derived from the upgrading of the F-T synthesis total liquid product can meet or exceed current specifications for the manufacture of ethylene and propylene chemicals from F-T naphtha, for the generation of hydrogen from F-T naphtha to power fuel cells, for direct blending of F-T diesels into transportation fuels, for the conversion of F-T heavy product wax to transportation fuels, and the conversion of F-T Heavy product wax to a valuable high melting point food-grade specialty wax product. Product evaluations conducted under Task 2.5 of Phase II successfully mitigated the above technical and economic risks to the EECP with the development of product yields and product qualities for the production of chemicals, transportation fuels, and specialty food-grade waxes from the F-T synthesis products.

Fred D. Brent; Lalit Shah; Earl Berry; Charles H. Schrader; John Anderson; Ming He; James F. Stevens; Centha A. Davis; Michael Henley; Jerome Mayer; Harry Tsang; Jimell Erwin; Jennifer Adams; Michael Tillman; Chris Taylor; Marjan J. Roos; Robert F. Earhart

2004-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

412

EARLY ENTRANCE COPRODUCTION PLANT  

SciTech Connect

The overall objective of this project is the three phase development of an Early Entrance Coproduction Plant (EECP) which uses petroleum coke to produce at least one product from at least two of the following three categories: (1) electric power (or heat), (2) fuels, and (3) chemicals using ChevronTexaco's proprietary gasification technology. The objective of Phase I is to determine the feasibility and define the concept for the EECP located at a specific site; develop a Research, Development, and Testing (RD&T) Plan to mitigate technical risks and barriers; and prepare a Preliminary Project Financing Plan. The objective of Phase II is to implement the work as outlined in the Phase I RD&T Plan to enhance the development and commercial acceptance of coproduction technology. The objective of Phase III is to develop an engineering design package and a financing and testing plan for an EECP located at a specific site. The project's intended result is to provide the necessary technical, economic, and environmental information needed by industry to move the EECP forward to detailed design, construction, and operation. The partners in this project are Texaco Energy Systems LLC or TES (a subsidiary of ChevronTexaco), General Electric (GE), Praxair, and Kellogg Brown & Root (KBR) in addition to the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). TES is providing gasification technology and Fischer-Tropsch (F-T) technology developed by Rentech, Inc., GE is providing combustion turbine technology, Praxair is providing air separation technology, and KBR is providing engineering. During Phase I, a design basis for the Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis section was developed based on limited experience with the specified feed gas and operating conditions. The objective of this Task in Phase II RD&T work was to confirm the performance of the F-T reactor at the set design conditions. Although much of the research, development, and testing work were done by TES outside of this project, several important issues were addressed in this phase of the project. They included Rejuvenation/Regeneration of the Fischer-Tropsch Catalyst, online Catalyst Withdrawal and Addition from the synthesis reactor, and the Fischer-Tropsch Design Basis Confirmation. In Phase III the results from these RD&T work will be incorporated in developing the engineering design package. This Topical Report documents the Phase II RD&T work that was completed for this task.

David Storm; Govanon Nongbri; Steve Decanio; Ming He; Lalit Shah; Charles Schrader; Earl Berry; Peter Ricci; Belma Demirel; Charles Benham; Mark Bohn

2004-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

413

EARLY ENTRANCE COPRODUCTION PLANT  

SciTech Connect

In 1999, the U. S. Department of Energy (DOE) awarded a Cooperative Agreement to Texaco Energy Systems Inc. to provide a preliminary engineering design of an Early Entrance Coproduction Plant (EECP). Since the award, continuous and diligent work has been undertaken to achieve the design of an economical facility that makes strides toward attaining the goal of DOE's Vision 21 Program. The objective of the EECP is to convert coal and/or petroleum coke to power while coproducing transportation fuels, chemicals, and useful utilities such as steam. This objective is being pursued in a three-phase effort through the partnership of the DOE with prime contractor Texaco Energy Systems, LLC. (TES), the successor to Texaco Energy Systems, Inc. The key subcontractors to TES include General Electric (GE), Praxair, and Kellogg Brown and Root. ChevronTexaco provided gasification technology and Rentech Inc.'s Fischer-Tropsch (F-T) technology that has been developed for non-natural gas sources. GE provided gas turbine technology for the combustion of low energy content gas. Praxair provided air separation technology and KBR provided engineering to integrate the facility. A conceptual design was completed in Phase I and the report was accepted by the DOE in May 2001. The Phase I work identified risks and critical research, development, and testing that would improve the probability of technical success of the EECP. The objective of Phase II was to mitigate the risks by executing research, development, and testing. Results from the Phase II work are the subject of this report. As the work of Phase II concluded, it became evident that sufficient, but not necessarily complete, technical information and data would be available to begin Phase III - Preliminary Engineering Design. Work in Phase II requires additional technical development work to correctly apply technology at a specific site. The project's intended result is to provide the necessary technical, economic, and environmental information needed by industry to move the EECP forward to detailed design, construction, and operation. The decision to proceed with Phase III centers on locating a new site and favorable commercial and economic factors.

John Anderson; Charles Schrader

2004-01-26T23:59:59.000Z

414

EARLY ENTRANCE COPRODUCTION PLANT  

SciTech Connect

The overall objective of this project is the three phase development of an Early Entrance Coproduction Plant (EECP) which uses petroleum coke to produce at least one product from at least two of the following three categories: (1) electric power (or heat), (2) fuels, and (3) chemicals using ChevronTexaco's proprietary gasification technology. The objective of Phase I is to determine the feasibility and define the concept for the EECP located at a specific site; develop a Research, Development, and Testing (RD&T) Plan to mitigate technical risks and barriers; and prepare a Preliminary Project Financing Plan. The objective of Phase II is to implement the work as outlined in the Phase I RD&T Plan to enhance the development and commercial acceptance of coproduction technology. The objective of Phase III is to develop an engineering design package and a financing and testing plan for an EECP located at a specific site. The project's intended result is to provide the necessary technical, economic, and environmental information needed by industry to move the EECP forward to detailed design, construction, and operation. The partners in this project are Texaco Energy Systems LLC or TES (a subsidiary of ChevronTexaco), General Electric (GE), Praxair, and Kellogg Brown & Root (KBR) in addition to the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). TES is providing gasification technology and Fischer-Tropsch (F-T) technology developed by Rentech, GE is providing combustion turbine technology, Praxair is providing air separation technology, and KBR is providing engineering. Each of the EECP subsystems was assessed for technical risks and barriers. A plan was developed to mitigate the identified risks (Phase II RD&T Plan, October 2000). Phase II RD&T Task 2.6 identified as potential technical risks to the EECP the fuel/engine performance and emissions of the F-T diesel fuel products. Hydrotreating the neat F-T diesel product reduces potentially reactive olefins, oxygenates, and acids levels and alleviates corrosion and fuel stability concerns. Future coproduction plants can maximize valuable transportation diesel by hydrocracking the F-T Synthesis wax product to diesel and naphtha. The upgraded neat F-T diesel, hydrotreater F-T diesel, and hydrocracker F-T diesel products would be final blending components in transportation diesel fuel. Phase II RD&T Task 2.6 successfully carried out fuel lubricity property testing, fuel response to lubricity additives, and hot-start transient emission tests on a neat F-T diesel product, a hydrocracker F-T diesel product, a blend of hydrotreater and hydrocracker F-T diesel products, and a Tier II California Air Resources Board (CARB)-like diesel reference fuel. Only the neat F-T diesel passed lubricity inspection without additive while the remaining three fuel candidates passed with conventional additive treatment. Hot-start transient emission tests were conducted on the four fuels in accordance with the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Federal Test Procedure (FTP) specified in Code of Federal Regulations, Title 40, Part 86, and Subpart N on a rebuilt 1991 Detroit Diesel Corporation Series 60 heavy-duty diesel engine. Neat F-T diesel fuel reduced oxides of nitrogen (NO{sub x}), total particulate (PM), hydrocarbons (HC), carbon monoxide (CO), and the Soluble Organic Fraction (SOF) by 4.5%, 31%, 50%, 29%, and 35%, respectively, compared to the Tier II CARB-like diesel. The hydrocracker F-T diesel product and a blend of hydrocracker and hydrotreater F-T diesel products also reduced NO{sub x}, PM, HC, CO and SOF by 13%, 16% to 17%, 38% to 63%, 17% to 21% and 21% to 39% compared to the Tier II CARB-like diesel. The fuel/engine performance and emissions of the three F-T diesel fuels exceed the performance of a Tier II CARB-like diesel. Phase II RD&T Task 2.6 successfully met the lubricity property testing and F-T diesel fuel hot-start transient emissions test objectives. The results of the testing help mitigate potential economic risks on obtaining a premium price for the F-T diesel fuel

Fred D. Brent; Lalit Shah; Earl Berry; Charles H. Schrader; John Anderson; J. Erwin; Matthew G. Banks; Terry L. Ullman

2004-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

415

Montana State University -College of Agriculture Plant Science & Plant Pathology Department Program of Study for: Biotechnology -Plant Systems Options  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Program of Study for: Biotechnology - Plant Systems Options 2010-2012 Catalog Student ID #: Required Cr- Intro to Biotechnology 3 F W BIOB 160 - Prin Living Systems (or BIOB 260 F) 4 F,S Q BIOB 375 - Genetics,S,Su BIOB 430 - Plant Biotechnology 3 S even BIOO 433 - Plant Physiology 3 S HORT 447 - Advanced Plant

Lawrence, Rick L.

416

EARLY ENTRANCE COPRODUCTION PLANT  

SciTech Connect

The overall objective of this project is the three phase development of an Early Entrance Coproduction Plant (EECP) which uses petroleum coke to produce at least one product from at least two of the following three categories: (1) electric power (or heat), (2) fuels, and (3) chemicals using ChevronTexaco's proprietary gasification technology. The objective of Phase I is to determine the feasibility and define the concept for the EECP located at a specific site; develop a Research, Development, and Testing (RD&T) Plan to mitigate technical risks and barriers; and prepare a Preliminary Project Financing Plan. The objective of Phase II is to implement the work as outlined in the Phase I RD&T Plan to enhance the development and commercial acceptance of coproduction technology. The objective of Phase III is to develop an engineering design package and a financing and testing plan for an EECP located at a specific site. The project's intended result is to provide the necessary technical, economic, and environmental information needed by industry to move the EECP forward to detailed design, construction, and operation. The partners in this project are Texaco Energy Systems LLC or TES (a subsidiary of ChevronTexaco), General Electric (GE), Praxair, and Kellogg Brown & Root (KBR) in addition to the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). TES is providing gasification technology and Fischer-Tropsch (F-T) technology developed by Rentech, GE is providing combustion turbine technology, Praxair is providing air separation technology, and KBR is providing engineering. During Phase I the team identified several potential methods to reduce or minimize the environmental impact of the proposed EECP. The EECP Project Team identified F-T catalyst disposal, beneficial gasifier slag usage (other than landfill), and carbon dioxide recovery for the gas turbine exhaust for study under this task. Successfully completing the Task 2.10 RD&T provides additional opportunities for the EECP to meet the goals of DOE's Vision 21 Program. The gasification section offers several opportunities to maximize the environmental benefits of an EECP. The spent F-T catalyst can be sent to landfills or to the gasification section. Testing in Phase II shows that the spent F-T catalyst with a small wax coating can safely meet federal landfill requirements. As an alternative to landfilling, it has been proposed to mix the spent F-T catalyst with the petroleum coke and feed this mixture to the gasification unit. Based on ChevronTexaco's experience with gasification and the characteristics of the spent F-T catalyst this appears to be an excellent opportunity to reduce one potential waste stream. The slag from the gasification unit can be commercially marketed for construction or fuel (such as cement kiln fuel) uses. The technical and economic benefits of these options must be reviewed for the final EECP before incorporating a specific alternative into the design basis. Reducing greenhouse gas emissions, particularly carbon dioxide, is an important goal of the EECP. The Texaco gasification process provides opportunities to capture high purity streams of carbon dioxide. For Phase II, a carbon fiber composite molecular sieve (CFCMS) was tested to determine its potential to remove high purity carbon dioxide from the exhaust of a gas turbine. Testing on with a simulated gas turbine exhaust shows that the CFCMS is able to remove high purity carbon dioxide from the exhaust. However, more development is required to optimize the system.

John H. Anderson; Charles Benham; Earl R. Berry; Ming He; Charles H. Schrader; Lalit S. Shah; O.O. Omatete; T.D. Burchell

2004-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

417

EARLY ENTRANCE COPRODUCTION PLANT  

SciTech Connect

The overall objective of this project is the three phase development of an Early Entrance Coproduction Plant (EECP) which uses petroleum coke to produce at least one product from at least two of the following three categories: (1) electric power (or heat), (2) fuels, and (3) chemicals using ChevronTexaco's proprietary gasification technology. The objective of Phase I is to determine the feasibility and define the concept for the EECP located at a specific site; develop a Research, Development, and Testing (RD&T) Plan to mitigate technical risks and barriers; and prepare a Preliminary Project Financing Plan. The objective of Phase II is to implement the work as outlined in the Phase I RD&T Plan to enhance the development and commercial acceptance of coproduction technology. The objective of Phase III is to develop an engineering design package and a financing and testing plan for an EECP located at a specific site. The project's intended result is to provide the necessary technical, economic, and environmental information needed by industry to move the EECP forward to detailed design, construction, and operation. The partners in this project are Texaco Energy Systems LLC (TES), a subsidiary of ChevronTexaco, General Electric (GE), Praxair, and Kellogg Brown & Root (KBR) in addition to the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). TES is providing gasification technology and Fischer-Tropsch (F-T) technology developed by Rentech, Inc. GE is providing combustion turbine technology, Praxair is providing air separation technology, and KBR is providing engineering. Each of the EECP subsystems were assessed for technical risks and barriers. A plan was identified to mitigate the identified risks (Phase II RD&T Plan, October 2000). The RD&T Plan identified catalyst/wax separation as a potential technical and economic risk. To mitigate risks to the proposed EECP, Phase II RD&T included tests of an alternative (to Rentech's Dynamic Settler) primary catalyst/wax separation device and secondary catalyst/wax separation systems. The team evaluated multiple technologies for both primary and secondary catalyst/wax separation. Based on successful testing at Rentech (outside of DOE funding) and difficulties in finalizing a contract to demonstrate alternative primary catalyst/wax separation technology (using magnetic separation technology), ChevronTexaco has selected the Rentech Dynamic Settler for primary catalyst/wax separation. Testing has shown the Dynamic Settler is capable of producing filtrate exceeding the proposed EECP primary catalyst/wax separation goal of less than 0.1 wt%. The LCI Scepter{reg_sign} Microfiltration system appeared to be best suited for producing a filtrate that met the EECP secondary catalyst/wax separation standards of 10 parts per million (weight) [ppmw]. The other technologies, magnetic separation and electrostatic separation, were promising and able to reduce the solids concentrations in the filtrate. Additional RD&T will be needed for magnetic separation and electrostatic separation technologies to obtain 10 ppmw filtrate required for the proposed EECP. The Phase II testing reduces the technical and economic risks and provides the information necessary to proceed with the development of an engineering design for the EECP Fischer-Tropsch catalyst/wax separation system.

John Anderson; Mark Anselmo; Earl Berry; Mark Bohn; Roko Bujas; Ming He; Ken Kwik; Charles H. Schrader; Lalit Shah; Dennis Slater; Donald Todd; Don Wall

2003-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

418

EARLY ENTRANCE COPRODUCTION PLANT  

SciTech Connect

The overall objective of this project is the three phase development of an Early Entrance Coproduction Plant (EECP) which uses petroleum coke to produce at least one product from at least two of the following three categories: (1) electric power (or heat), (2) fuels, and (3) chemicals using ChevronTexaco's proprietary gasification technology. The objective of Phase I is to determine the feasibility and define the concept for the EECP located at a specific site; develop a Research, Development, and Testing (RD&T) Plan to mitigate technical risks and barriers; and prepare a Preliminary Project Financing Plan. The objective of Phase II is to implement the work as outlined in the Phase I RD&T Plan to enhance the development and commercial acceptance of coproduction technology. The objective of Phase III is to develop an engineering design package and a financing and testing plan for an EECP located at a specific site. The project's intended result is to provide the necessary technical, economic, and environmental information needed by industry to move the EECP forward to its detailed design, construction, and operation. The partners in this project are Texaco Energy Systems LLC (TES) (a subsidiary of ChevronTexaco), General Electric (GE), Praxair, and Kellogg Brown & Root (KBR). The work was under cooperative agreements with the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). TES is providing the gasification technology and the Fischer-Tropsch (F-T) technology developed by Rentech Inc., GE is providing the combustion turbine technology, Praxair is providing the air separation technology, and KBR is providing overall engineering. Each of the EECP's subsystems was assessed for technical risks and barriers in Phase I. A plan was identified to mitigate the identified risks (Phase II RD&T Plan, October 2000). The RD&T Plan identified catalyst/wax separation as a potential technical and economic risk. To mitigate risks to the proposed EECP concept, Phase II RD&T included tests for secondary catalyst/wax separation systems as part of Task 2.3--Catalyst/Wax Separation. The LCI Scepter{reg_sign} Microfiltration system was determined to be best suited for producing a filtrate that met the EECP secondary catalyst/wax separation standards of producing F-T wax containing less than10 ppmw solids. As part of task 2.3, micro-filtration removal efficiencies and production rates for two FT feeds, Rentech Inc. bubble column reactor (BCR) product and LaPorte Alternative Fuels Development Unit (AFDU) product, were evaluated. Based on comparisons between the performances of these two materials, the more readily available LaPorte AFDU material was judged an acceptable analog to the BCR material that would be produced in a larger-scale F-T synthesis. The present test was initiated to obtain data in an extended range of concentration for use in the scale-up design of the secondary catalyst/wax separation system that would be operating at the EECP capacity.

John Anderson; Mark Anselmo; Earl Berry; Mark Bohn; Ming He; Charles H. Schrader; Lalit Shah; Donald Todd; Robert Schavey

2004-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

419

EARLY ENTRANCE COPRODUCTION PLANT  

SciTech Connect

The overall objective of this project is the three phase development of an Early Entrance Coproduction Plant (EECP) which produces at least one product from at least two of the following three categories: (1) electric power (or heat), (2) fuels, and (3) chemicals using petroleum coke and ChevronTexaco's proprietary gasification technology. The objective of Phase I was to determine the feasibility and define the concept for the EECP located at a specific site; develop a Research, Development, and Testing (RD&T) Plan to mitigate technical risks and barriers; and prepare a Preliminary Project Financing Plan. The objective of Phase II is to implement the work as outlined in the Phase I RD&T Plan to enhance the development and commercial acceptance of coproduction technology. The objective of Phase III is to develop an engineering design package and a financing and testing plan for an EECP located at a specific site. The project's intended result is to provide the necessary technical, economic, and environmental information needed by industry to move the EECP forward to detailed design, construction, and operation. The partners in this project are Texaco Energy Systems LLC. (a subsidiary of ChevronTexaco), General Electric (GE), Praxair, and Kellogg Brown & Root (KBR) in addition to the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). ChevronTexaco is providing gasification technology and Fischer-Tropsch technology developed by Rentech, GE is providing combustion turbine technology, Praxair is providing air separation technology and KBR is providing engineering. Each of the EECP subsystems were assessed for technical risks and barriers. A plan was identified to mitigate the identified risks (Phase II RD&T Plan, October 2000). The RD&T Plan identified F-T reactor scale-up as a potential technical risk. The objective of Task 2.3 was to confirm engineering models that allow scale-up to commercial slurry phase bubble column (SPBC) reactors operating in the churn-turbulent flow regime. In developmental work outside the scope of this project, historical data, literature references, and a scale-up from a 1 1/2-in. (3.8 cm) to 6-ft (1.8 m) SPBC reactor have been reviewed. This review formed the background for developing scale-up models for a SPBC reactor operating in the churn-turbulent flow regime. The necessary fundamental physical parameters have been measured and incorporated into the mathematical catalyst/kinetic model developed from the SPBC and CSTR work outside the scope of this EECP project. The mathematical catalyst/kinetic model was used to compare to experimental data obtained at Rentech during the EECP Fischer-Tropsch Confirmation Run (Task 2.1; reported separately). The prediction of carbon monoxide (CO) conversion as a function of days on stream compares quite closely to the experimental data.

Randy Roberts

2003-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

420

EARLY ENTRANCE COPRODUCTION PLANT  

SciTech Connect

The overall objective of this project is the three phase development of an Early Entrance Coproduction Plant (EECP) which produces at least one product from at least two of the following three categories: (1) electric power (or heat), (2) fuels, and (3) chemicals using ChevronTexaco's proprietary gasification technology. The objective of Phase I is to determine the feasibility and define the concept for the EECP located at a specific site; develop a Research, Development, and Testing (RD&T) Plan to mitigate technical risks and barriers; and prepare a Preliminary Project Financing Plan. The objective of Phase II is to implement the work as outlined in the Phase I RD&T Plan to enhance the development and commercial acceptance of coproduction technology. The objective of Phase III is to develop an engineering design package and a financing and testing plan for an EECP located at a specific site. The project's intended result is to provide the necessary technical, economic, and environmental information needed by industry to move the EECP forward to detailed design, construction, and operation. The partners in this project are TES (a subsidiary of ChevronTexaco), General Electric (GE), Praxair, and Kellogg Brown & Root (KBR) in addition to the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). TES is providing gasification technology and Fischer-Tropsch (F-T) technology developed by Rentech, GE is providing combustion turbine technology, Praxair is providing air separation technology, and KBR is providing engineering. During Phase I the team identified the integration of the water produced in the F-T synthesis section with the gasification section as an area of potential synergy. By utilizing the F-T water in the petroleum coke slurry for the gasifier, the EECP can eliminate a potential waste stream and reduce capital costs. There is a low technical risk for this synergy, however, the economic risk, particularly in regards to the water, can be high. The economic costs include the costs of treating the water to meet the locally applicable environmental standards. This option may require expensive chemicals and treatment facilities. EECP Phase II included tests conducted to confirm the viability of integrating F-T water in the slurry feed for the gasifier. Testing conducted at ChevronTexaco's Montebello Technology Center (MTC) included preparing slurries made using petroleum coke with F-T water collected at the LaPorte Alternative Fuels Development Unit (AFDU). The work included bench scale tests to determine the slurry ability of the petroleum coke and F-T water. The results of the tests show that F-T water does not adversely affect slurries for the gasifier. There are a few cases where in fact the addition of F-T water caused favorable changes in viscosity of the slurries. This RD&T task was executed in Phase II and results are reported herein.

Abdalla H. Ali; Raj Kamarthi; John H. Anderson; Earl R. Berry; Charles H. Schrader; Lalit S. Shah

2003-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

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421

EARLY ENTRANCE COPRODUCTION PLANT  

SciTech Connect

The 1999 U. S. Department of Energy (DOE) award to Texaco Energy Systems Inc. (presently Texaco Energy Systems LLC, a subsidiary of ChevronTexaco) was made to provide a Preliminary Engineering Design of an Early Entrance Coproduction Plant (EECP). Since the award presentation, work has been undertaken to achieve an economical concept design that makes strides toward the DOE Vision 21 goal. The objective of the EECP is to convert coal and/or petroleum coke to electric power plus transportation fuels, chemicals and useful utilities such as steam. The use of petroleum coke was added as a fuel to reduce the cost of feedstock and also to increase the probability of commercial implementation of the EECP concept. This objective has been pursued in a three phase effort through the partnership of the DOE with prime contractor Texaco Energy Systems LLC and subcontractors General Electric (GE), Praxair, and Kellogg Brown and Root (KBR). ChevronTexaco is providing gasification technology and Rentech's Fischer-Tropsch technology that has been developed for non-natural gas feed sources. GE is providing gas turbine technology for the combustion of low energy content gas. Praxair is providing air separation technology, and KBR is providing engineering to integrate the facility. The objective of Phase I was to determine the feasibility and define the concept for the EECP located at a specific site; develop a Research, Development, and Testing (RD&T) Plan to mitigate technical risks and barriers; and prepare a Preliminary Project Financing Plan. The objective of Phase II is to implement the work as outlined in the Phase I RD&T Plan to enhance the development and commercial acceptance of coproduction technology. The objective of Phase III is to develop an engineering design package and a financing and testing plan for an EECP located at a specific site. Phase I Preliminary Concept Report was completed in 2000. The Phase I Preliminary Concept Report was prepared based on making assumptions for the basis of design for various technologies that are part of the EECP concept. The Phase I Preliminary Concept Report was approved by the DOE in May 2001. The Phase I work identified technical and economic risks and critical research, development, and testing that would improve the probability of the technical and economic success of the EECP. The Project Management Plan (Task 1) for Phase II was approved by the DOE in 2001. The results of RD&T efforts for Phase II are expected to improve the quality of assumptions made in Phase I for basis of design for the EECP concept. The RD&T work plan (Task 2 and 3) for Phase II has been completed. As the RD&T work conducted during Phase II concluded, it became evident that sufficient, but not necessarily complete, technical information and data would be available to begin Phase III - Basic Engineering Design. Also due to the merger of Chevron and Texaco, the proposed refinery site for the EECP was not available. It became apparent that some additional technical development work would be needed to correctly apply the technology at a specific site. The objective of Task 4 of Phase II is to update the concept basis of design produced during Phase I. As part of this task, items that will require design basis changes and are not site dependent have been identified. The team has qualitatively identified the efforts to incorporate the impacts of changes on EECP concept. The design basis has been modified to incorporate those changes. The design basis changes for those components of EECP that are site and feedstock dependent will be done as part of Phase III, once the site has been selected.

Charles Benham; Mark Bohn; John Anderson; Earl Berry; Fred Brent; Ming He; Randy Roberts; Lalit Shah; Marjan Roos

2003-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

422

Waste Treatment Plant - 12508  

SciTech Connect

The Waste Treatment Plant (WTP) will immobilize millions of gallons of Hanford's tank waste into solid glass using a proven technology called vitrification. The vitrification process will turn the waste into a stable glass form that is safe for long-term storage. Our discussion of the WTP will include a description of the ongoing design and construction of this large, complex, first-of-a-kind project. The concept for the operation of the WTP is to separate high-level and low-activity waste fractions, and immobilize those fractions in glass using vitrification. The WTP includes four major nuclear facilities and various support facilities. Waste from the Tank Farms is first pumped to the Pretreatment Facility at the WTP through an underground pipe-in-pipe system. When construction is complete, the Pretreatment Facility will be 12 stories high, 540 feet long and 215 feet wide, making it the largest of the four major nuclear facilities that compose the WTP. The total size of this facility will be more than 490,000 square feet. More than 8.2 million craft hours are required to construct this facility. Currently, the Pretreatment Facility is 51 percent complete. At the Pretreatment Facility the waste is pumped to the interior waste feed receipt vessels. Each of these four vessels is 55-feet tall and has a 375,000 gallon capacity, which makes them the largest vessels inside the Pretreatment Facility. These vessels contain a series of internal pulse-jet mixers to keep incoming waste properly mixed. The vessels are inside the black-cell areas, completely enclosed behind thick steel-laced, high strength concrete walls. The black cells are designed to be maintenance free with no moving parts. Once hot operations commence the black-cell area will be inaccessible. Surrounded by black cells, is the 'hot cell canyon'. The hot cell contains all the moving and replaceable components to remove solids and extract liquids. In this area, there is ultrafiltration equipment, cesium-ion exchange columns, evaporator boilers and recirculation pumps, and various mechanical process pumps for transferring process fluids. During the first phase of pretreatment, the waste will be concentrated using an evaporation process. Solids will be filtered out, and the remaining soluble, highly radioactive isotopes will be removed using an ion-exchange process. The high-level solids will be sent to the High-Level Waste (HLW) Vitrification Facility, and the low activity liquids will be sent to the Low-Activity Waste (LAW) Vitrification Facility for further processing. The high-level waste will be transferred via underground pipes to the HLW Facility from the Pretreatment Facility. The waste first arrives at the wet cell, which rests inside a black-cell area. The pretreated waste is transferred through shielded pipes into a series of melter preparation and feed vessels before reaching the melters. Liquids from various facility processes also return to the wet cell for interim storage before recycling back to the Pretreatment Facility. (authors)

Harp, Benton; Olds, Erik [US DOE (United States)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Career Map: Site/Plant Manager  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Wind Program's Career Map provides job description information for Site/Plant Manager positions.

424

Method of identifying plant pathogen tolerance  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process for identifying a plant having disease tolerance comprising administering to a plant an inhibitory amount of ethylene and screening for ethylene insensitivity, thereby identifying a disease tolerant plant, is described. Plants identified by the foregoing process are also described. 7 figs.

Ecker, J.R.; Staskawicz, B.J.; Bent, A.F.; Innes, R.W.

1997-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

425

Method of identifying plant pathogen tolerance  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process for identifying a plant having disease tolerance comprising administering to a plant an inhibitory amount of ethylene and screening for ethylene insensitivity, thereby identifying a disease tolerant plant, is described. Plants identified by the foregoing process are also described.

Ecker, Joseph R. (Erial, NJ); Staskawicz, Brian J. (Castro Valley, CA); Bent, Andrew F. (Piedmont, CA); Innes, Roger W. (Bloomington, IN)

1997-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

426

Plants having modified response to ethylene  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention includes transformed plants having at least one cell transformed with a modified ETR nucleic acid. Such plants have a phenotype characterized by a decrease in the response of at least one transformed plant cell to ethylene as compared to a plant not containing the transformed plant cell. Tissue and/or temporal specificity for expression of the modified ETR nucleic acid is controlled by selecting appropriate expression regulation sequences to target the location and/or time of expression of the transformed nucleic acid. The plants are made by transforming at least one plant cell with an appropriate modified ETR nucleic acid, regenerating plants from one or more of the transformed plant cells and selecting at least one plant having the desired phenotype. 31 figs.

Meyerowitz, E.M.; Chang, C.; Bleecker, A.B.

1997-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

427

Plants having modified response to ethylene  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention includes transformed plants having at least one cell transformed with a modified ETR nucleic acid. Such plants have a phenotype characterized by a decrease in the response of at least one transformed plant cell to ethylene as compared to a plant not containing the transformed plant cell. Tissue and/or temporal specificity for expression of the modified ETR nucleic acid is controlled by selecting appropriate expression regulation sequences to target the location and/or time of expression of the transformed nucleic acid. The plants are made by transforming at least one plant cell with an appropriate modified ETR nucleic acid, regenerating plants from one or more of the transformed plant cells and selecting at least one plant having the desired phenotype.

Meyerowitz, Elliot M. (Pasadena, CA); Chang, Caren (Pasadena, CA); Bleecker, Anthony B. (Madison, WI)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Plants having modified response to ethylene  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention includes transformed plants having at least one cell transformed with a modified ETR nucleic acid. Such plants have a phenotype characterized by a decrease in the response of at least one transformed plant cell to ethylene as compared to a plant not containing the transformed plant cell. Tissue and/or temporal specificity for expression of the modified ETR nucleic acid is controlled by selecting appropriate expression regulation sequences to target the location and/or time of expression of the transformed nucleic acid. The plants are made by transforming at least one plant cell with an appropriate modified ETR nucleic acid, regenerating plants from one or more of the transformed plant cells and selecting at least one plant having the desired phenotype.

Meyerowitz, Elliott M. (Pasadena, CA); Chang, Caren (Pasadena, CA); Bleecker, Anthony B. (Madison, WI)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Cement Plant EPI | ENERGY STAR Buildings & Plants  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cement Plant EPI Cement Plant EPI Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us Portfolio Manager Login Facility owners and managers Existing buildings Commercial new construction Industrial energy management Small business Service providers Service and product providers Verify applications for ENERGY STAR certification Design commercial buildings Energy efficiency program administrators Commercial and industrial program sponsors Associations State and local governments Federal agencies Tools and resources Training In This Section Campaigns Commercial building design Communications resources Energy management guidance Financial resources Portfolio Manager Products and purchasing Recognition Research and reports Service and product provider (SPP) resources Success stories Target Finder Technical documentation

430

ENERGY STAR plant certification | ENERGY STAR Buildings & Plants  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

» ENERGY STAR plant certification » ENERGY STAR plant certification Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us Portfolio Manager Login Facility owners and managers Existing buildings Commercial new construction Industrial energy management Small business Service providers Service and product providers Verify applications for ENERGY STAR certification Design commercial buildings Energy efficiency program administrators Commercial and industrial program sponsors Associations State and local governments Federal agencies Tools and resources Training In this section Get started with ENERGY STAR Make the business case Build an energy management program Measure, track, and benchmark Improve energy performance Industrial service and product providers Earn recognition ENERGY STAR Partner of the Year Award

431

Flat Glass Manufacturing Plant EPI | ENERGY STAR Buildings & Plants  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Flat Glass Manufacturing Plant EPI Flat Glass Manufacturing Plant EPI Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us Portfolio Manager Login Facility owners and managers Existing buildings Commercial new construction Industrial energy management Small business Service providers Service and product providers Verify applications for ENERGY STAR certification Design commercial buildings Energy efficiency program administrators Commercial and industrial program sponsors Associations State and local governments Federal agencies Tools and resources Training In This Section Campaigns Commercial building design Communications resources Energy management guidance Financial resources Portfolio Manager Products and purchasing Recognition Research and reports Service and product provider (SPP) resources Success stories Target Finder

432

Juice Processing Plant EPI | ENERGY STAR Buildings & Plants  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Juice Processing Plant EPI Juice Processing Plant EPI Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us Portfolio Manager Login Facility owners and managers Existing buildings Commercial new construction Industrial energy management Small business Service providers Service and product providers Verify applications for ENERGY STAR certification Design commercial buildings Energy efficiency program administrators Commercial and industrial program sponsors Associations State and local governments Federal agencies Tools and resources Training In This Section Campaigns Commercial building design Communications resources Energy management guidance Financial resources Portfolio Manager Products and purchasing Recognition Research and reports Service and product provider (SPP) resources Success stories Target Finder

433

Automobile Assembly Plant EPI | ENERGY STAR Buildings & Plants  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Automobile Assembly Plant EPI Automobile Assembly Plant EPI Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us Portfolio Manager Login Facility owners and managers Existing buildings Commercial new construction Industrial energy management Small business Service providers Service and product providers Verify applications for ENERGY STAR certification Design commercial buildings Energy efficiency program administrators Commercial and industrial program sponsors Associations State and local governments Federal agencies Tools and resources Training In This Section Campaigns Commercial building design Communications resources Energy management guidance Financial resources Portfolio Manager Products and purchasing Recognition Research and reports Service and product provider (SPP) resources Success stories Target Finder

434

(Design and operation of a portable ethanol plant). Final report. [Small-scale (5-10 gal/h)  

SciTech Connect

A portable distillation plant with a packed reflux column was designed and built that is capable of producing 10 to 15 gallons of 190 proof ethanol per hour. Several kinds of feedstocks were used to produce ethanol. Corn served as a good feedstock and was easily processed in the still. However, because of the present high prices of corn and the manual labor for operation it cannot be used to produce ethanol commercially as a fuel at prices competitive with petroleum fuels. Cellulosic feedstocks such as paper, sawdust and grasses and leaves were enzymatically degraded to sugars and fermented to ethanol. Because of the manual labor required and small capacity of the still total operation costs would preclude competitive fuel prices. However, such a plant could be used on a farm for production of a supplementary fuel or for independence from petroleum fuels. The trials with cellulosic materials did give evidence that such feedstocks are plausible sources for ethanol when produced on a large scale in an automated production plant. On a large scale basis ethanol could be produced competitively as an alternative fuel for gasoline.

Glenn, K.C.

1983-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

435

EARLY ENTRANCE COPRODUCTION PLANT  

SciTech Connect

The overall objective of this project is the three phase development of an Early Entrance Coproduction Plant (EECP) which produces at least one product from at least two of the following three categories: (1) electric power (or heat), (2) fuels, and (3) chemicals using ChevronTexaco's proprietary gasification technology. The objective of Phase I is to determine the feasibility and define the concept for the EECP located at a specific site; develop a Research, Development, and Testing (RD&T) Plan to mitigate technical risks and barriers; and prepare a Preliminary Project Financing Plan. The objective of Phase II is to implement the work as outlined in the Phase I RD&T Plan to enhance the development and commercial acceptance of coproduction technology. The objective of Phase III is to develop an engineering design package and a financing and testing plan for an EECP located at a specific site. The project's intended result is to provide the necessary technical, economic, and environmental information needed by industry to move the EECP forward to detailed design, construction, and operation. The partners in this project are TES (a subsidiary of ChevronTexaco), General Electric (GE), Praxair, and Kellogg Brown & Root (KBR) in addition to the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). TES is providing gasification technology and Fischer-Tropsch (F-T) technology developed by Rentech, GE is providing combustion turbine technology, Praxair is providing air separation technology, and KBR is providing engineering. Each of the EECP subsystems were assessed for technical risks and barriers. A plan was identified to mitigate the identified risks (Phase II RD&T Plan, October 2000). The RD&T Plan identified petroleum coke characteristics as a potential technical risk. The composition of petroleum coke varies from one refinery to another. Petroleum coke characteristics are a function of the crude oil slate available at the refinery and the coker operating parameters. The specific petroleum coke characteristics at a refinery affect the design of the Gasification and Acid Gas Removal (AGR) subsystems. Knowing the petroleum coke composition provides the necessary data to proceed to the EECP Phase III engineering design of the gasification process. Based on ChevronTexaco's experience, the EECP team ranked the technical, economic, and overall risks of the petroleum coke composition related to the gasification subsystem as low. In Phase I of the EECP Project, the Motiva Port Arthur Refinery had been identified as the potential EECP site. As a result of the merger between Texaco and Chevron in October 2001, Texaco was required to sell its interest in the Motiva Enterprises LLC joint venture to Shell Oil Company and Saudi Refining Inc. To assess the possible impact of moving the proposed EECP host site to a ChevronTexaco refinery, samples of petroleum coke from two ChevronTexaco refineries were sent to MTC for bench-scale testing. The results of the analysis of these samples were compared to the Phase I EECP Gasification Design Basis developed for Motiva's Port Arthur Refinery. The analysis confirms that if the proposed EECP is moved to a new refinery site, the Phase I EECP Gasification Design Basis would have to be updated. The lower sulfur content of the two samples from the ChevronTexaco refineries indicates that if one of these sites were selected, the Sulfur Recovery Unit (SRU) might be sized smaller than the current EECP design. This would reduce the capital expense of the SRU. Additionally, both ChevronTexaco samples have a higher hydrogen to carbon monoxide ratio than the Motiva Port Arthur petroleum coke. The higher hydrogen to carbon monoxide ratio could give a slightly higher F-T products yield from the F-T Synthesis Reactor. However, the EECP Gasification Design Basis can not be updated until the site for the proposed EECP site is finalized. Until the site is finalized, the feedstock (petroleum coke) characteristics are a low risk to the EECP project.

Abdalla H. Ali; John H. Anderson; Earl R. Berry; Charles H. Schrader; Lalit S. Shah

2003-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

436

The Colorado Rare Plant Technical Committee presents: Colorado Rare Plant Symposium  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Colorado Rare Plant Technical Committee presents: 5th Annual Colorado Rare Plant Symposium September 5, 2008 Montrose, Colorado Sponsored by: Colorado Rare Plant Technical CommitteeColorado Rare Plant Technical Committee Colorado Native Plant Society University of Colorado Herbarium US Fish

437

The Colorado Rare Plant Technical Committee presents: 2nd Annual Rare Plant  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Colorado Rare Plant Technical Committee presents: 2nd Annual Rare Plant Symposium Friday, September 16th, 2005 8am-noon: 2nd Annual Colorado Rare Plant Symposium (Discuss G1 species) 6:30-7:30pm with the Colorado Native Plant Society's Annual Meeting Sponsored by: #12;The Second Annual Colorado Rare Plant

438

Plant Science Graduates Spring 2011 Bachelor of Science in Plant Sciences  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Plant Science Graduates Spring 2011 Bachelor of Science in Plant Sciences Joshua Paul Baker, Old Dale Wallace, Centerville Master of Science Reginald Jason Millwood, Plant Sciences Kara Lee Warwick, Plant Sciences Undergraduate Degrees, Summer Term 2011 Henry Joseph Cope, III, Plant Sciences David

Tennessee, University of

439

The Iowa Stored Energy Plant  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Systems Systems Annual Peer Review November 2-3, 2006 Progress Report Presented by Robert Haug Executive Director Iowa Association of Municipal Utilities for Iowa Stored Energy Plant Agency THE IOWA STORED ENERGY PLANT What is ISEP? ISEP is a DOE-supported effort of municipal utilities in Iowa, Minnesota, and the Dakotas for development of 200 (now 268) MW of compressed air energy storage (CAES) and 75 MW of wind capacity. THE IOWA STORED ENERGY PLANT What is the ISEP Agency? The ISEP Agency is an intergovernmental entity formed under Iowa law in 2005 and governed by a board of directors composed of representatives of participating local governments. Board of Directors: * Dennis Fannin, Osage * John Bilsten, Algona * Sheila Boeckman, Waverly * Scott Tonderum, Graettinger * Niel Ruddy, Carlisle

440

Why sequence Dothideomycetes plant pathogens?  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Dothideomycetes plant pathogens? Dothideomycetes plant pathogens? The largest and most diverse group of fungi, Dothideomycetes are found on every continent and play key roles in maintaining the local ecosystems by degrading biomass and contributing to regulating the carbon cycle. Many of these fungi are also tolerant of environmental extremes such as heat, humidity and cold. Among the members of this group are pathogens that infect nearly every major crop used for food, fiber or fuel. As crop rotations are being reduced, fewer crops are being grown on larger acreages, making them more susceptible to severe crop losses due to disease. Understanding the plant pathogens of these crops could reduce fertilizer use, which could in turn help reduce greenhouse gas emissions. To better understand the members of this group, the project calls for

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "meat packing plants" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

NETL: Innovations for Existing Plants  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Innovations for Existing Plants Innovations for Existing Plants Coal and Power Systems Innovations for Existing Plants (IEP) Previous Next Chemical Looping Summary Chemical Looping Summary (July 2013) This summary provides a technical description of this advanced technology, describes its advantages, examines the R&D areas of need, and summarizes DOE's R&D efforts. DOE/NETL Advanced CO2 Capture R&D Program: Technology Update DOE/NETL Advanced CO2 Capture R&D Program: Technology Update (June 2013) This comprehensive handbook provides an update on DOE/NETL R&D efforts on advanced CO2 capture technologies for coal-based power systems. CO2 Capture Technology Meeting Presentations NETL CO2 Capture Technology Meeting Presentations (July 2013) This meeting highlighted DOE/NETL RD&D efforts to develop advanced pre-, post-, and oxy-combustion CO2 capture technologies.

442

Power plant | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Power plant Power plant Dataset Summary Description No description given. Source Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Date Released January 26th, 2009 (5 years ago) Date Updated June 07th, 2010 (4 years ago) Keywords eGrid eGRID2007 EIA Electricity emissions epa Power plant Data application/zip icon eGRID2007_Version1-1.zip (zip, 18.7 MiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Time Period License License Other or unspecified, see optional comment below Comment Work of the U.S. Federal Government. Rate this dataset Usefulness of the metadata Average vote Your vote Usefulness of the dataset Average vote Your vote Ease of access Average vote Your vote Overall rating Average vote Your vote Comments Login or register to post comments

443

Pennsylvania Nuclear Profile - Power Plants  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Pennsylvania nuclear power plants, summer capacity and net generation, 2010" Pennsylvania nuclear power plants, summer capacity and net generation, 2010" "Plant name/total reactors","Summer capacity (mw)","Net generation (thousand mwh)","Share of State nuclear net generation (percent)","Owner" "Beaver Valley Unit 1, Unit 2","1,777","14,994",19.3,"FirstEnergy Nuclear Operating Company" "Limerick Unit 1, Unit 2","2,264","18,926",24.3,"Exelon Nuclear" "PPL Susquehanna Unit 1, Unit 2","2,450","18,516",23.8,"PPL Susquehanna LLC" "Peach Bottom Unit 2, Unit 3","2,244","18,759",24.1,"Exelon Nuclear" "Three Mile Island Unit 1",805,"6,634",8.5,"Exelon Nuclear"

444

HTR-PROTEUS PEBBLE BED EXPERIMENTAL PROGRAM CORE 4: RANDOM PACKING WITH A 1:1 MODERATOR-TO-FUEL PEBBLE RATIO  

SciTech Connect

In its deployment as a pebble bed reactor (PBR) critical facility from 1992 to 1996, the PROTEUS facility was designated as HTR-PROTEUS. This experimental program was performed as part of an International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) Coordinated Research Project (CRP) on the Validation of Safety Related Physics Calculations for Low Enriched HTGRs. Within this project, critical experiments were conducted for graphite moderated LEU systems to determine core reactivity, flux and power profiles, reaction-rate ratios, the worth of control rods, both in-core and reflector based, the worth of burnable poisons, kinetic parameters, and the effects of moisture ingress on these parameters. One benchmark experiment was evaluated in this report: Core 4. Core 4 represents the only configuration with random pebble packing in the HTR-PROTEUS series of experiments, and has a moderator-to-fuel pebble ratio of 1:1. Three random configurations were performed. The initial configuration, Core 4.1, was rejected because the method for pebble loading, separate delivery tubes for the moderator and fuel pebbles, may not have been completely random; this core loading was rejected by the experimenters. Cores 4.2 and 4.3 were loaded using a single delivery tube, eliminating the possibility for systematic ordering effects. The second and third cores differed slightly in the quantity of pebbles loaded (40 each of moderator and fuel pebbles), stacked height of the pebbles in the core cavity (0.02 m), withdrawn distance of the stainless steel control rods (20 mm), and withdrawn distance of the autorod (30 mm). The 34 coolant channels in the upper axial reflector and the 33 coolant channels in the lower axial reflector were open. Additionally, the axial graphite fillers used in all other HTR-PROTEUS configurations to create a 12-sided core cavity were not used in the randomly packed cores. Instead, graphite fillers were placed on the cavity floor, creating a funnel-like base, to discourage ordering effects during pebble loading. Core 4 was determined to be acceptable benchmark experiment.

John D. Bess; Leland M. Montierth

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Common Aquatic Plants -- Identification, Control.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of leaves: (1) floating and firm textured and (2) submersed, thin linear and membranous. Numerous pencil-like spikes are visible beneath the pond surface in early summer. Stems are jointed and have fibrous roots at the lower nodes. Identification within.... FLOATING PLANTS WATER STAR GRASS Heteranthera sp. (Mud plantain) Water star grass, a submersed or floating rooted plant, usually is found along muddy shores and in water up to 5 ft. deep. The leaves are approximately 2 inches long and 3/16 inch wide...

Klussmann, Wallace G. (Wallace Glenn); Lowman, Fred G.

1964-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Plant and Soil An International Journal on Plant-Soil  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on growth responses, membrane transport, stomatal function, and paradigms of ion accumulation toxicity. Ion transport . Potassium Introduction Sodium is the sixth most abundant element in earth's crust+ ) is one of the most intensely researched ions in plant biology and has attained a repu- tation for its

Kronzucker, Herbert J.

447

"Table A7. Shell Storage Capacity of Selected Petroleum Products by Census"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Shell Storage Capacity of Selected Petroleum Products by Census" Shell Storage Capacity of Selected Petroleum Products by Census" " Region, Industry Group, and Selected Industries, 1991" " (Estimates in Thousand Barrels)" " "," "," "," "," ","Other","RSE" "SIC"," ","Motor","Residual"," ","Distillate","Row" "Code(a)","Industry Groups and Industry","Gasoline","Fuel Oil","Diesel","Fuel Oil","Factors" ,,"Total United States" ,"RSE Column Factors:",1,0.9,1,1.1 , 20,"Food and Kindred Products",38,1448,306,531,12.1 2011," Meat Packing Plants",1,229,40,13,13.2

448

Table A18. Quantity of Electricity Sold to Utility and Nonutility Purchasers  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

8. Quantity of Electricity Sold to Utility and Nonutility Purchasers" 8. Quantity of Electricity Sold to Utility and Nonutility Purchasers" " by Census Region, Industry Group, and Selected Industries, 1991" " (Estimates in Million Kilowatthours)" " "," "," "," "," ","RSE" "SIC"," "," ","Utility ","Nonutility","Row" "Code(a)","Industry Groups and Industry","Total Sold","Purchaser(b)","Purchaser(c)","Factors" ,,"Total United States" ,"RSE Column Factors:",0.9,1,1 , 20,"Food and Kindred Products",988,940,48,16.2 2011," Meat Packing Plants",0,0,0,"NF"

449

Cyanide leaching from soil developed from coking plant purifier waste as influenced by citrate  

SciTech Connect

Soils in the vicinity of manufactured gas plants and coal coking plants are often highly contaminated with cyanides in the form of the compound Prussian blue. The objective of this study was to investigate the influence of citrate on the leaching of iron-cyanide complexes from an extremely acidic soil (pH 2.3) developed from gas purifier waste near a former coking plant. The soil contained 63 g kg{sup -1} CN, 148 g kg{sup -1} Fe, 123 g kg{sup -1} S, and 222 g kg{sup -1} total C. Analysis of the soil by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy revealed the presence of Prussian blue, gypsum, elemental sulfur, jarosite, and hematite. For column leaching experiments, air-dried soil was mixed with purified cristabolite sand at a ratio of 1:3 and packed into chromatography columns. The soil was leached with dilute (0.1 or 1 mM) CaCl{sub 2} solutions and the effluent was collected and analyzed for total and dissolved CN, Ca, Fe, SO{sub 4}, pH, and pe. In the absence of citrate, the total dissolved CN concentration in the effluent was always below current drinking water limits (< 1.92 {mu}M), indicating low leaching potential. Adding citrate at a concentration of 1 mM had little effect on the CN concentrations in the column effluent. Addition of 10 or 100 mM citrate to the influent solution resulted in strong increases in dissolved and colloidal CN concentrations in the effluent.

Tim Mansfeldt; Heike Leyer; Kurt Barmettler; Ruben Kretzschmar [Ruhr-University Bochum, Bochum (Germany). Soil Science and Soil Ecology Group, Faculty of Geosciences

2004-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Methodology for Scaling Fusion Power Plant Availability  

SciTech Connect

Normally in the U.S. fusion power plant conceptual design studies, the development of the plant availability and the plant capital and operating costs makes the implicit assumption that the plant is a 10th of a kind fusion power plant. This is in keeping with the DOE guidelines published in the 1970s, the PNL report1, "Fusion Reactor Design Studies - Standard Accounts for Cost Estimates. This assumption specifically defines the level of the industry and technology maturity and eliminates the need to define the necessary research and development efforts and costs to construct a one of a kind or the first of a kind power plant. It also assumes all the "teething" problems have been solved and the plant can operate in the manner intended. The plant availability analysis assumes all maintenance actions have been refined and optimized by the operation of the prior nine or so plants. The actions are defined to be as quick and efficient as possible. This study will present a methodology to enable estimation of the availability of the one of a kind (one OAK) plant or first of a kind (1st OAK) plant. To clarify, one of the OAK facilities might be the pilot plant or the demo plant that is prototypical of the next generation power plant, but it is not a full-scale fusion power plant with all fully validated "mature" subsystems. The first OAK facility is truly the first commercial plant of a common design that represents the next generation plant design. However, its subsystems, maintenance equipment and procedures will continue to be refined to achieve the goals for the 10th OAK power plant.

Lester M. Waganer

2011-01-04T23:59:59.000Z

451

Design and simulation of a plant control system for a GCFR demonstration plant  

SciTech Connect

A plant control system is being designed for a 300 MW(e) Gas Cooled Fast Breeder Reactor (GCFR) demonstration plant. Control analysis is being performed as an integral part of the plant design process to ensure that control requirements are satisfied as the plant design evolves. Plant models and simulations are being developed to generate information necessary to further define control system requirements for subsequent plant design iterations.

Estrine, E.A.; Greiner, H.G.

1980-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Pantex Plant Emergency Response Exercise  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Independent Oversight and Performance Assurance November 2000 Independent Oversight Evaluation of the Pantex Plant Emergency Response Exercise OVERSIGHT Table of Contents 1.0 INTRODUCTION ..................................................................................... 1 2.0 RESULTS ................................................................................................... 4 2.1 Positive Program Attributes ............................................................... 4 2.2 Weaknesses and Items Requiring Attention ..................................... 5 3.0 CONCLUSIONS ........................................................................................ 9 4.0 RATING .................................................................................................... 10

453

Plant Peroxisomes: Biogenesis and Function  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Plant Peroxisomes: Biogenesis and Function Jianping Hu a b 1 Alison Baker c Bonnie Bartel d Nicole Linka e Robert T. Mullen f Sigrun...peroxisomes and/or fuse together in a controlled, step-wise fashion to form a new peroxisome (Trelease and Lingard, 2006...

Jianping Hu; Alison Baker; Bonnie Bartel; Nicole Linka; Robert T. Mullen; Sigrun Reumann; Bethany K. Zolman

2012-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

454

Plants in a cold climate  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...temperature also imposes a dehydrative stress, by lowering water absorption by the root and water transport in the shoot. A direct and...conditions? M. Smallwood. There is some evidence that even chill- ing intolerant plants may use some of the same signalling...

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

AQUATIC PLANT CONTROL RESEARCH PROGRAM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MEETING, AQUATIC PLANT CONTROL RESEARCH PROGRAM 26-29 NOVEMBER 1984 GALVESTON, TEXAS June 1985 Final report 26-29 NOVEMBER 1984, 6. PERFORMING ORG. REPORT NC:'IBER GALVESTON, TEXAS 7. AU THOR(.) 8 Control Research Program was held in Galveston, Texas, on 26-29 November 1984, to review current research

US Army Corps of Engineers

456

How a Plant Builds Leaves  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...affect many different processes. The theory and technology are now poised to define...M. (1999). Signaling of cell fate decisions by CLAVATA3 in Arabidopsis shoot meristems...regulate plant meristematic cell fate decisions. Sci. Signal. 1 : pe53. Green, P...

Siobhan A. Braybrook; Cris Kuhlemeier

2010-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

457

Photobiology: Plants Respond to Light  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... EFFECTS of light on the behaviour of plants, and some of the associated techniques were the basis ... were the basis of a meeting of the Photobiology Group held at the Department of Horticulture, University of Reading, on March 27 and 28.

A Correspondent

1969-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

458

Plant Peroxisomes: Biogenesis and Function  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...State University-Department of Energy Plant Research Laboratory...Stavanger, N-4036 Stavanger, Norway h Department of Biology, University...fatty acid degradation lack the energy or metabolites necessary for...insufficient supply of carbon and energy from fatty acid metabolism...

Jianping Hu; Alison Baker; Bonnie Bartel; Nicole Linka; Robert T. Mullen; Sigrun Reumann; Bethany K. Zolman

2012-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

459

Landscape epidemiology of plant diseases  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...1094/PHYTO-96-1027 Gilbert, G.S 2002Evolutionary ecology...phyto.40.021202.110417 Gilbert, G.S , S.P Hubbell...345 Webb, C.O , G.S Gilbert, and M.J Donoghue2006Phylodiversity-dependent...Pesticides Plant Diseases microbiology statistics & numerical data...

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

THE ORIGIN OF LAND PLANTS  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...alone remain to remind us of their past glories. The more humble ferns and club-mosses still play an important role in the...seed plants still existing, the conifers-pines, firs, redwood, etc.-are the most nu-merous and familiar. The flowers...

Douglas H. Campbell

1930-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "meat packing plants" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Power Transmission, Distribution and Plants  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Power Transmission, Distribution and Plants A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Abdel-Aal, Radwan E. - Computer Engineering Department, King Fahd University of...

462

Selecting Landscape Plants: Shade Trees  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Selecting Landscape Plants: Shade Trees Diane Relf, Extension Specialist, Horticulture, Virginia for any landscape plan. They set the stage for the entire home grounds design. The type used. Many will live and enhance the landscape for 100 or more years if they are given a chance. Because

Liskiewicz, Maciej

463

Advanced nuclear plant control complex  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An advanced control room complex for a nuclear power plant, including a discrete indicator and alarm system (72) which is nuclear qualified for rapid response to changes in plant parameters and a component control system (64) which together provide a discrete monitoring and control capability at a panel (14-22, 26, 28) in the control room (10). A separate data processing system (70), which need not be nuclear qualified, provides integrated and overview information to the control room and to each panel, through CRTs (84) and a large, overhead integrated process status overview board (24). The discrete indicator and alarm system (72) and the data processing system (70) receive inputs from common plant sensors and validate the sensor outputs to arrive at a representative value of the parameter for use by the operator during both normal and accident conditions, thereby avoiding the need for him to assimilate data from each sensor individually. The integrated process status board (24) is at the apex of an information hierarchy that extends through four levels and provides access at each panel to the full display hierarchy. The control room panels are preferably of a modular construction, permitting the definition of inputs and outputs, the man machine interface, and the plant specific algorithms, to proceed in parallel with the fabrication of the panels, the installation of the equipment and the generic testing thereof.

Scarola, Kenneth (Windsor, CT); Jamison, David S. (Windsor, CT); Manazir, Richard M. (North Canton, CT); Rescorl, Robert L. (Vernon, CT); Harmon, Daryl L. (Enfield, CT)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Effect of air flow rate and fuel moisture on the burning behaviours of biomass and simulated municipal solid wastes in packed beds  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Combustion of biomass and municipal solid wastes is one of the key areas in the global cleaner energy strategy. But there is still a lack of detailed and systematically theoretical study on the packed bed burning of biomass and municipal solid wastes. The advantage of theoretical study lies in its ability to reveal features of the detailed structure of the burning process inside a solid bed, such as reaction zone thickness, combustion staging, rates of individual sub-processes, gas emission and char burning characteristics. These characteristics are hard to measure by conventional experimental techniques. In this paper, mathematical simulations as well as experiments have been carried out for the combustion of wood chips and the incineration of simulated municipal solid wastes in a bench-top stationary bed and the effects of primary air flow rate and moisture level in the fuel have been assessed over wide ranges. It is found that volatile release as well as char burning intensifies with an increase in the primary air flow until a critical point is reached where a further increase in the primary air results in slowing down of the combustion process; a higher primary airflow also reduces the char fraction burned in the final char-burning-only stage, shifts combustion in the bed to a more fuel-lean environment and reduces CO emission at the bed top; an increase in the moisture level in the fuel produces a higher flame front temperature in the bed at low primary air flow rates.

Y.B Yang; V.N Sharifi; J Swithenbank

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Packed-Bed Reactor Study of NETL Sample 196c for the Removal of Carbon Dioxide from Simulated Flue Gas Mixture  

SciTech Connect

An amine-based solid sorbent process to remove CO2 from flue gas has been investigated. The sorbent consists of polyethylenimine (PEI) immobilized onto silica (SiO2) support. Experiments were conducted in a packed-bed reactor and exit gas composition was monitored using mass spectrometry. The effects of feed gas composition (CO2 and H2O), temperature, and simulated steam regeneration were examined for both the silica support as well as the PEI-based sorbent. The artifact of the empty reactor was also quantified. Sorbent CO2 capacity loading was compared to thermogravimetric (TGA) results to further characterize adsorption isotherms and better define CO2 working capacity. Sorbent stability was monitored by periodically repeating baseline conditions throughout the parametric testing and replacing with fresh sorbent as needed. The concept of the Basic Immobilized Amine Sorbent (BIAS) Process using this sorbent within a system where sorbent continuously flows between the absorber and regenerator was introduced. The basic tenet is to manipulate or control the level of moisture on the sorbent as it travels around the sorbent circulation path between absorption and regeneration stages to minimize its effect on regeneration heat duty.

Hoffman, James S.; Hammache, Sonia; Gray, McMahan L.; Fauth Daniel J.; Pennline, Henry W.

2012-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

466

Experiment and simulation of a LiFePO4 battery pack with a passive thermal management system using composite phase change material and graphite sheets  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract A passive thermal management system (TMS) for LiFePO4 battery modules using phase change material (PCM) as the heat dissipation source to control battery temperature rise is developed. Expanded graphite matrix and graphite sheets are applied to compensate low thermal conductivity of PCM and improve temperature uniformity of the batteries. Constant current discharge and mixed charge-discharge duties were applied on battery modules with and without PCM on a battery thermal characteristics test platform. Experimental results show that PCM cooling significantly reduces the battery temperature rise during short-time intense use. It is also found that temperature uniformity across the module deteriorates with the increasing of both discharge time and current rates. The maximum temperature differences at the end of 1C and 2C-rate discharges are both less than 5C, indicating a good performance in battery thermal uniformity of the passive TMS. Experiments on warm-keeping performance show that the passive TMS can effectively keep the battery within its optimum operating temperature for a long time during cold weather uses. A three dimensional numerical model of the battery pack with the passive TMS was conducted using ANSYS Fluent. Temperature profiles with respect to discharging time reveal that simulation shows good agreement with experiment at 1C-discharge rate.

Chunjing Lin; Sichuan Xu; Guofeng Chang; Jinling Liu

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

The 5th Annual Colorado Rare Plant Symposium: G2 Plants of Colorado  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 The 5th Annual Colorado Rare Plant Symposium: G2 Plants of Colorado September 5, 2008 8 am - 4 pm they shouldn't collect because th

468

Modeling the Impact of Plant Toxicity on PlantHerbivore Dynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

will not be possible for the selected parameter values if the herbivore pop- ulation is .... plant material can alter equilibrial relationships of 2-species plant com-.

2006-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

469

Plant maintenance and plant life extension issue, 2008  

SciTech Connect

The focus of the March-April issue is on plant maintenance and plant life extension. Major articles include the following: Exciting time to be at the U.S. NRC, by Dale Klein, Nuclear Regulatory Commission; Extraordinary steps to ensure a minimal environmental impact, by George Vanderheyden, UniStar Nuclear Energy, LLC.; Focused on consistent reduction of outages, by Kevin Walsh, GE Hitachi Nuclear Energy; On the path towards operational excellence, by Ricardo Perez, Westinghouse Electric Company; Ability to be refuelled on-line, by Ian Trotman, CANDU Services, Atomic Energy of Canada, Ltd.; ASCA Application for maintenance of SG secondary side, by Patrick Wagner, Wolf Creek Nuclear Operating Corporation, Phillip Battaglia and David Selfridge, Westinghouse Electric Company; and, An integral part of the landscape and lives, by Tyler Lamberts, Entergy Nuclear Operations, Inc. The Industry Innovation article is titled Steam generator bowl drain repairs, by John Makar and Richard Gimple, Wolf Creek Nuclear Operating Corporation.

Agnihotri, Newal (ed.)

2008-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

470

Geothermal Steam Power Plant | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Jump to: navigation, search Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home General List of Dry Steam Plants List of Flash Steam Plants Steam Power Plants Dry Steam Power Plants Simple Dry Steam Powerplant process description - DOE EERE 2012 Dry steam plants use hydrothermal fluids that are primarily steam. The steam travels directly to a turbine, which drives a generator that produces electricity. The steam eliminates the need to burn fossil fuels to run the turbine (also eliminating the need to transport and store fuels). These plants emit only excess steam and very minor amounts of gases.[1] Dry steam power plants systems were the first type of geothermal power generation plants built (they were first used at Lardarello in Italy in 1904). Steam technology is still effective today at currently in use at The

471

Geothermal/Power Plant | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Geothermal/Power Plant Geothermal/Power Plant < Geothermal(Redirected from Power Plant) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Land Use Leasing Exploration Well Field Power Plant Transmission Environment Water Use Print PDF Geothermal Power Plants General List of Plants Map of Plants Regulatory Roadmap NEPA (19) Binary power system equipment and cooling towers at the ORMAT Ormesa Geothermal Power Complex in Southern California. Geothermal Power Plants discussion Electricity Generation Converting the energy from a geothermal resource into electricity is achieved by producing steam from the heat underground to spin a turbine which is connected to a generator to produce electricity. The type of energy conversion technology that is used depends on whether the resource is predominantly water or steam, the temperature of the resource, and the

472

Flash Steam Power Plant | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Flash Steam Power Plant Flash Steam Power Plant (Redirected from Flash Steam Power Plants) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Flash Steam Power Plants General List of Flash Steam Plants Flash Steam power plant process diagram - DOE EERE 2012 Flash steam plants are the most common type of geothermal power generation plants in operation in the world today. Fluid at temperatures greater than 360°F (182°C) is pumped under high pressure into a tank at the surface held at a much lower pressure, causing some of the fluid to rapidly vaporize, or "flash." The vapor then drives a turbine, which drives a generator. If any liquid remains in the tank, it can be flashed again in a second tank to extract even more energy.[1] Facility Name Owner Capacity (MW) Facility

473

Geothermal Steam Power Plant | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

(Redirected from Dry Steam) (Redirected from Dry Steam) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home General List of Dry Steam Plants List of Flash Steam Plants Steam Power Plants Dry Steam Power Plants Simple Dry Steam Powerplant process description - DOE EERE 2012 Dry steam plants use hydrothermal fluids that are primarily steam. The steam travels directly to a turbine, which drives a generator that produces electricity. The steam eliminates the need to burn fossil fuels to run the turbine (also eliminating the need to transport and store fuels). These plants emit only excess steam and very minor amounts of gases.[1] Dry steam power plants systems were the first type of geothermal power generation plants built (they were first used at Lardarello in Italy in 1904). Steam technology is still effective today at currently in use at The

474

Energeticals power plant engineering | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Energeticals power plant engineering Energeticals power plant engineering Jump to: navigation, search Name energeticals power plant engineering Place München, Bavaria, Germany Zip 81371 Sector Biomass, Geothermal energy Product Planning, design, installation and operation of turnkey plants for heat and electricity generation in the field of solid Biomass, deep and shallow geothermal energy and water power. References energeticals power plant engineering[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. energeticals power plant engineering is a company located in München, Bavaria, Germany . References ↑ "[ energeticals power plant engineering]" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Energeticals_power_plant_engineering&oldid=344770

475

Tracking New Coal-Fired Power Plants  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

New Coal-Fired Power Plants New Coal-Fired Power Plants (data update 1/13/2012) January 13, 2012 National Energy Technology Laboratory Office of Strategic Energy Analysis & Planning Erik Shuster 2 Tracking New Coal-Fired Power Plants This report is intended to provide an overview of proposed new coal-fired power plants that are under development. This report may not represent all possible plants under consideration but is intended to illustrate the potential that exists for installation of new coal-fired power plants. Additional perspective has been added for non-coal-fired generation additions in the U.S. and coal-fired power plant activity in China. Experience has shown that public announcements of power plant developments do not provide an accurate representation of eventually

476

Nuclear power plants: structure and function  

SciTech Connect

Topics discussed include: steam electric plants; BWR type reactors; PWR type reactors; thermal efficiency of light water reactors; other types of nuclear power plants; the fission process and nuclear fuel; fission products and reactor afterheat; and reactor safety.

Hendrie, J.M.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Integrated Coal Gasification Power Plant Credit (Kansas)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Integrated Coal Gasification Power Plant Credit states that an income taxpayer that makes a qualified investment in a new integrated coal gasification power plant or in the expansion of an existing...

478

Sandia National Laboratories: Wind Plant Optimization  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Energy and ClimateRenewable SystemsRenewable EnergyWind EnergyWind Plant Optimization Wind Plant Optimization swift21 swift20 swift19 swift18 swift17 swift16 swift15 swift14...

479

US nuclear power plants: Emergency planning inadequate  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... local ! area are considered inadequate. The I operators of the plants - both at IndianIndianPoint ...

Peter David

1983-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

480

Specialized Materials and Fluids and Power Plants  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Below are the project presentations and respective peer review results for Specialized Materials and Fluids and Power Plants.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "meat packing plants" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Interdisciplinary Research and Training Program in the Plant Sciences  

SciTech Connect

Research on plants continued. Topics include: Molecular basis of symbiotic plant-microbe interations; enzymatic mechanisms and regulation of plant cell wall biosynthesis; molecular mechanisms that regulate the expression of genes in plants; resistance of plants to environmental stress; studies on hormone biosynthesis and action; plant cell wall proteins; interaction of nuclear and organelle genomes; sensor transduction in plants; molecular mechanisms of trafficking in the plant cell; regulation of lipid metabolism; molecular bases of plant disease resistance mechanisms; biochemical and molecular aspects of plant pathogenesis; developmental biology of nitrogen-fixing cyanobacteria; environmental control of plant development and its relation to plant hormones.

Wolk, C.P.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

Property:PlantParasiticConsump | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Property Name PlantParasiticConsump Property Type Number Description Plant Parasitic Consumption (MWh). Pages using the property "PlantParasiticConsump" Showing 3 pages using this...

483

Guadalupe Power Plant Biomass Facility | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Power Plant Biomass Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Guadalupe Power Plant Biomass Facility Facility Guadalupe Power Plant Sector Biomass Facility Type Landfill Gas...

484

NREL: TroughNet - Parabolic Trough Power Plant Market, Economic...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

factors for current parabolic trough systems under development range from 25% for solar only plants to greater than 40% for plants with thermal storage. Such plants provide...

485

Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Needs Assessment | Department of...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Needs Assessment Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Needs Assessment May 2012 This Needs Assessment for former Waste Isolation Pilot Plant production workers...

486

Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Activites | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Activites Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Activites Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Activites More Documents & Publications EIS-0026: 2010 Annual Mitigation...

487

Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Update | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Isolation Pilot Plant Update Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Update Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Update More Documents & Publications TRUPACT-III Quick Facts "TRU" Success: SRS Recovery...

488

Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Status and Plans - 2010 | Department...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Status and Plans - 2010 Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Status and Plans - 2010 Overview of WIPP presented by Dr. Dave Moody. Waste Isolation Pilot Plant...

489

Drizo protects turbo expander plant  

SciTech Connect

A triethylene glycol (TEG) unit using Dow's Drizo technology in front of processes was installed in a turbo expander plant owned by Valero Hydrocarbons, San Antonio, Texas. The TEG unit was placed in the process because methanol consumption had run higher than design conditions had predicted; gas flow rates and water content varied widely; and the gas was found to be contaminated considerably with iron sulfide. The TEG unit optimized gas processing by reducing the water content of gas to the system, accepting variable gas flow and water content to smooth out feed gas quality, removing iron sulfide and other contaminants before processing, and being amenable to conversion from other equipment already in existence at other Valero plant locations. The TEG Drizo process provides an azeotropic agent injected into the hot glycol, and the glycol solution is used to reduce residual water content of gas. Details of the equipment and process conversion are given.

Frazier, C.W.; Force, J.E.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

The Colorado Rare Plant Technical Committee presents  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Colorado Rare Plant Technical Committee presents: 3rd Annual Rare Plant Symposium Sponsored by: Colorado Native Plant Society University of Colorado Herbarium US Fish and Wildlife Service Colorado and Eastern Colorado (Las Animas, Weld, Kit Carson, Huerfano, Pueblo, Otero, Prowers, Fremont, and El Paso

491

SPECIAL FEATURE FACILITATION IN PLANT COMMUNITIES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Horton2 1 Ecological Farming Systems, Agroscope Reckenholz-Ta¨nikon, Research Station ART, Zurich on seedling species identity, mycorrhizal identity, plant species combinations and study system. We present plant­plant interactions and by supplying and recycling nutrients. Key-words: arbuscular mycorrhizal

Horton, Tom

492

Volvo Trucks Manufacturing Plant in Virginia  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

Volvo Group North Americas 1.6-million-square-foot New River Valley Plant in Dublin, Virginia, is the companys largest truck manufacturing plant in the world. The company has implemented many energy savings solutions as part of the Better Buildings, Better Plants Challenge.

493

World electric power plants database  

SciTech Connect

This global database provides records for 104,000 generating units in over 220 countries. These units include installed and projected facilities, central stations and distributed plants operated by utilities, independent power companies and commercial and self-generators. Each record includes information on: geographic location and operating company; technology, fuel and boiler; generator manufacturers; steam conditions; unit capacity and age; turbine/engine; architect/engineer and constructor; and pollution control equipment. The database is issued quarterly.

NONE

2006-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

494

Morris Plant Energy Efficiency Program  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

optimization, heat transfer improvement, flare gas loss reduction, and compressed air system optimization. Steam System Optimization The data historian has been instrumental in identifying malfunctioning steam letdown (i.e., pressure control) valves... and maintained excellent surface condenser vacuum and heat transfer rates. This has resulted in additional reductions in steam demand for turbine operation. Flare Gas Loss Reduction The Morris plant produces off-gases rich in hydrogen and methane as a by...

Betczynski, M. T.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

Solar thermionic power plant (II)  

SciTech Connect

It has been shown that the geometric configuration of a central receiver solar electric power plant (SEPP) can be optimized for the high power density and concentration required for the operation of a thermionic converter. The working period of a Thermionic Diode Converter constructed on the top of a SEPP in Riyadh area is found to be 5 to 6 hours per day in winter and 6 to 8 hours in summer. 17 refs.

Abou-Elfotouh, F.; Almassary, M.; Fatmi, H.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

B PLANT DOCUMENTED SAFETY ANALYSIS  

SciTech Connect

This document provides the documented safety analysis (DSA) and Central Plateau Remediation Project (CP) requirements that apply to surveillance and maintenance (S&M) activities at the 221-B Canyon Building and ancillary support structures (B Plant). The document replaces BHI-010582, Documented Safety Analysis for the B-Plant Facility. The B Plant is non-operational, deactivated and undergoing long term S&M prior to decontamination and decommissioning (D&D). This DSA is compliant with 10 CFR 830, Nuclear Safety Management, Subpart B, ''Safety Basis Requirements.'' The DSA was developed in accordance with U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) standard DOE-STD-1120-98, Integration of Environment, Safety, and Health into Facility Disposition Activities (DOE 1998) per Table 2 of 10 CFR 830 Appendix A, DOE Richland Operation Office (RL) direction (02-ABD-0053, Fluor Hanford Nuclear Safety Basis Strategy and Criteria) for facilities in long term S&M, and RL Direction (02-ABD-0091, ''FHI Nuclear Safety Expectations for Nuclear Facilities in Surveillance and Maintenance''). A crosswalk was prepared to identify potential inconsistencies between the previous B Plant safety analysis and DOE-STD-1120-98 guidance. In general, the safety analysis met the criteria of DOE-STD-1120-98. Some format and content changes have been made, including incorporating recent facility modifications and updating the evaluation guidelines and control selection criteria in accordance with RL direction (02-ABD-0053). The facility fire hazard analysis (FHA) and Technical Safety Requirements (TSR) are appended to this DSA as an aid to the users, to minimize editorial redundancy, and to provide an efficient basis for update.

DODD, E.N.; KERR, N.R.

2003-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

Engineered plant biomass feedstock particles  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A new class of plant biomass feedstock particles characterized by consistent piece size and shape uniformity, high skeletal surface area, and good flow properties. The particles of plant biomass material having fibers aligned in a grain are characterized by a length dimension (L) aligned substantially parallel to the grain and defining a substantially uniform distance along the grain, a width dimension (W) normal to L and aligned cross grain, and a height dimension (H) normal to W and L. In particular, the L.times.H dimensions define a pair of substantially parallel side surfaces characterized by substantially intact longitudinally arrayed fibers, the W.times.H dimensions define a pair of substantially parallel end surfaces characterized by crosscut fibers and end checking between fibers, and the L.times.W dimensions define a pair of substantially parallel top and bottom surfaces. The L.times.W surfaces of particles with L/H dimension ratios of 4:1 or less are further elaborated by surface checking between longitudinally arrayed fibers. The length dimension L is preferably aligned within 30.degree. parallel to the grain, and more preferably within 10.degree. parallel to the grain. The plant biomass material is preferably selected from among wood, agricultural crop residues, plantation grasses, hemp, bagasse, and bamboo.

Dooley, James H. (Federal Way, WA); Lanning, David N. (Federal Way, WA); Broderick, Thomas F. (Lake Forest Park, WA)

2012-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

498

Ownership Change, Incentives and Plant Efficiency: The Divestiture of U.S. Electric Generation Plants  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ownership Change, Incentives and Plant Efficiency: The Divestiture of U.S. Electric Generation generating plants. Between 1998 and 2001, over 300 electric generating plants in the US, accounting Plants James B. Bushnell and Catherine Wolfram March 2005 Abstract Electric industry restructuring

Sadoulet, Elisabeth

499

4-H Meat Judging Contest  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

G24G36 G16G10G16G11G13G17G14G03G03G03 G17G10G2BG03G30G28G24G37G03G2DG38G27G2AG2CG31G2AG03G26G32G31G37G28G36G37 G31G32G37G28G36G03G29G32G35G03G35G28G24G36G32G31G36 G03G03G26G32G31G37G28G36G37G24G31G37G03G31G52G11G03G03 G03G03G26G2FG24G36G36G03G03 G14... G56G57 G03G03G03G03G03G03G03G03G03G03G03G03G03G15 G51G47 G03G03G03G03G03G03G03G03G03G03G03G03G03G16 G55G47 G03G03G03G03G03G03G03G03G03G03G03G03G03G17 G57G4B G03G03G03G03G03G03G03G03G03G03G03 G24G36 G16G10G16G11G13G17G14G03G03G03 G17G10G2BG03G30G28G24...

Howard, Jeff W.

2001-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

500

Evaluation of fossil plants versus hydro plants for load frequency control  

SciTech Connect

The economics of using hydroplants with Francis turbines or fossil plants for load frequency control are evaluated. Using data from the TVA Gallatin steam plant and the TVA Cherokee, Wilson, and Fontana hydroplants, a cost comparison of different modes of operation for load frequency control was performed considering two plants at a time. The results showed that when the fossil plant was used for load frequency control instead of a hydro plant a lower system generation cost was incurred. Dynamic responses of fossil and hydro units, improved controls for fossil plants, and maneuvering costs of the Gallatin plant are also considered.

Broadwater, R.P.; Johnson, R.L.; Duckett, F.E.; Boston, W.T.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z