National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for measuring energy poverty

  1. CHAPTER 13: ENERGY AND POVERTY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    forms of energy. It projects biomass use and electricity access rates for the next three decades and poverty in developing countries. It describes current patterns of energy use, including rates details electricity access and the way households make the transition from traditional fuels to modern

  2. Asymptotic and Bootstrap Inference for Inequality and Poverty Measures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Asymptotic and Bootstrap Inference for Inequality and Poverty Measures by Russell Davidson samples, although inference with poverty indices is satisfactory. We find that the major cause method in moderately large samples. JEL codes: C00, C15, I32 Key words: Income distribution, poverty

  3. Policy Research Working Paper 5332 Energy Access, Efficiency, and Poverty

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gertz, Michael

    Policy Research Working Paper 5332 Energy Access, Efficiency, and Poverty How Many Households, and estimates the household minimum energy requirement that could be used as a basis for an energy poverty line of a larger effort in the department to understand the role of energy in growth and poverty reduction. Policy

  4. Energy for Poverty Reduction and Sustainable Development: UNDP...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Energy for Poverty Reduction and Sustainable Development: UNDP Energy Documents and Publications Catalogue Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Energy for...

  5. List of Publications from the Energy for Development and Poverty...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    List of Publications from the Energy for Development and Poverty Reduction Website Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: List of Publications from the Energy...

  6. Reducing rural poverty through increased access to energy services...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Reducing rural poverty through increased access to energy services: a review of the multifunctional platform project in Mali Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL...

  7. Semi-Heuristic Poverty Measures Used by Economists: Justification Motivated by Fuzzy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kreinovich, Vladik

    Semi-Heuristic Poverty Measures Used by Economists: Justification Motivated by Fuzzy Techniques: vladik@utep.edu Abstract--To properly gauge the extent of poverty in a country or in a region, economists use semi-heuristic poverty measures such as the Foster-Greer-Thorbecke (FGT) metric. These measures

  8. WORKING PAPER N 2011 30 Measuring Poverty Without The Mortality Paradox

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    WORKING PAPER N° 2011 ­ 30 Measuring Poverty Without The Mortality Paradox Mathieu Lefebvre Pierre, poverty measurement, censored income profile PARIS-JOURDAN SCIENCES ECONOMIQUES 48, BD JOURDAN ­ E;Measuring Poverty Without The Mortality Paradox Mathieu Lefebvre, Pierre Pestieauy and Gregory Ponthierez

  9. Energy Advisors at Work: Charity Work Practices to Support People in Fuel Poverty

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Energy Advisors at Work: Charity Work Practices to Support People in Fuel Poverty Joel E. Fischer to people in fuel poverty. Our fieldwork comprises detailed observations that reveal the collaborative design challenges that relate the domestic fuel poverty setting to the wider Ubicomp literature. Our work

  10. Technical Potential of Solar Energy to Address Energy Poverty and Avoid GHG Emissions in Africa (Poster)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cowlin, S.; Heimiller, D.; Bilello, D.; Renne, D.

    2008-10-01

    Approximately 1.6 billion people worldwide do not have access to electricity, and roughly 2.4 billion people rely on traditional biomass fuels to meet their heating and cooking needs. Lack of access to and use of energy - or energy poverty - has been recognized as a barrier to reaching the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and other targeted efforts to improve health and quality of life. Reducing reliance on traditional biomass can substantially reduce indoor air pollution-related morbidity and mortality; increasing access to lighting and refrigeration can improve educational and economic opportunities. Though targeted electrification efforts have had success within Latin America and East Asia (reaching electrification rates above 85%), sub-Saharan Africa has maintained electrification rates below 25% (IEA 2004).

  11. Reducing rural poverty through increased access to energy services: a

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onRAPID/Geothermal/Exploration/Colorado <RAPID/Geothermal/WaterEnergyRedfield Campus GeothermalApproach | Open

  12. Measuring Energy Poverty: Focusing on What Matters | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc Jump to: navigation, searchScotland JumpPlantationBiofuel Jump

  13. Energy poverty: how to make modern energy access universal? | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTIONRobertsdale, AlabamaETEC GmbH JumpEllenville, NewLtd EILEnergyInformation poverty: how to make

  14. REQUEST FOR PROPOSALS Designing Solutions for Poverty Competition (Spring 2015)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bao, Lichun

    REQUEST FOR PROPOSALS Designing Solutions for Poverty Competition (Spring to a real world, poverty-related problem in areas such as financial inclusion, energy with research and knowledge of poverty- alleviation, development, and the social sciences

  15. A EX: Data and Sensitivity Analysis Title: The relationship between alternative measures of social spending and poverty rates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Galis, Frietson

    of social spending and poverty rates Koen Caminada & Kees Goudswaard DATA Our research hypothesis is that the level of public social expenditure and poverty across countries are negatively correlated, while private social expenditure may have a non-negative anti-poverty effect. To analyze this hypothesis we include

  16. Poverty & Stress

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jani, Neel

    2013-01-01

    Raises Levels of the Stress Hormone Cortisol: Evidence fromSubtypes of Neglect and Stress as a Mediator. Spencer, N. (poor but somehow evade the stress of poverty perform just as

  17. 2014 Poverty Guidelines Persons in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Finley Jr., Russell L.

    2014 Poverty Guidelines Persons in family/household Poverty Guideline 1,030 More information about Poverty Guidelines is available on the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services website: http://aspe.hhs.gov/POVERTY/14poverty

  18. Validating Energy Measures 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chari, S.; Thomas, D.

    1994-01-01

    Energy measurements play a very important role in a detailed energy analysis. The role is more important in industrial processes where wide variations of process conditions exist. Valid energy measurements make the decision making process easier...

  19. Measuring Energy Sustainability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    20 Measuring Energy Sustainability David L. Greene Abstract For the purpose of measurement, energy sustainability is defined as ensuring that future generations have energy resources that enable them to achieve that there are valid, more comprehensive understandings of sustainability and that energy sustainability as de- fined

  20. Africa - Technical Potential of Solar Energy to Address Energy Poverty and

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OFAMERICA'SHeavyAgencyTendoMassachusetts: EnergyRenewablesAfrica - CCS

  1. Poverty and Energy in Africa - A Brief Review | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc Jump to:Newberg,Energy LLC JumpPhono SolarPlexusJump

  2. Wisconsin Poverty Report: Poverty Rises in 2013 Despite Growth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gasch, Audrey P.

    Wisconsin Poverty Report: Poverty Rises in 2013 Despite Growth in Jobs The Seventh Annual Report of the Wisconsin Poverty Project Timothy M. Smeeding Julia B. Isaacs Katherine A. Thornton Institute for Research on Poverty University of Wisconsin­Madison April 2015 #12;ABOUT THE WISCONSIN POVERTY PROJECT The Wisconsin

  3. Bridging the Divide Between Poverty Reduction and Climate Change...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Bridging the Divide Between Poverty Reduction and Climate Change Through Sustainable and Innovative Energy Technologies Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name:...

  4. List of Publications from the Energy for Development and Poverty Reduction

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View NewTexas:Montezuma, Arizona:Oregon: Energy ResourcesGrove, Iowa:Lisle, Illinois:List of

  5. How the poverty of stimulus solves the poverty of stimulus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zuidema, Jelle

    How the poverty of stimulus solves the poverty of stimulus Willem Zuidema jelle Universe"), and they are not a-priori: they are the outcome of iterated learning. The poverty of stimulus is no longer a problem; instead, the ancestors' poverty is the solution to the child's. References Elman, J

  6. Sandia Energy - Phasor Measurement Units

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Units Home Stationary Power Safety, Security & Resilience of Energy Infrastructure Grid Modernization Cyber Security for Electric Infrastructure Phasor Measurement Units...

  7. Poverty Grass Biology and Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    Poverty Grass Biology and Management Hilary Sandler, Katherine Ghantous, and Chelsea Hedderig UMass Cranberry Station, East Wareham, MA 02538 www.umass.edu/cranberry Background In the 1950's, Poverty grass identified as our "poverty grass" and has also been known as broom beardgrass. Little bluestem is often

  8. Measurements of Energy-Energy-Correlations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Erdmann, Martin

    at the CERN near Geneva, which is the largest manmade accelerator today. The origin of these ultra-high-energyMeasurements of Energy-Energy-Correlations of Ultra-High-Energy Cosmic Rays with the Pierre Auger A RWTH Aachen RWTH Aachen #12;#12;Contents 1 Introduction 1 2 Physics of Ultra-High-Energy Cosmic Rays 3

  9. An investigation into fuel poverty and heat demand throughout Scotland 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hale, Heather

    2015-11-26

    % of Scottish residents are living in fuel poverty. Recent studies, undertaken by the British Geological Survey have identified the possibility to utilise geothermal energy within the Midland Valley of Scotland to contribute up to 27% of Scotland’s renewable...

  10. Hispanic Poverty and Inequality Grant Competition Stanford Center on Poverty and Inequality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Fei-Fei

    Hispanic Poverty and Inequality Grant Competition Stanford Center on Poverty and Inequality Request for Proposals The Stanford Center on Poverty and Inequality (CPI), a National Poverty Research Center funded by the Office

  11. CentreonPoverty andSocialJustice

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dawson, Jeff W.

    capital advantage CentreonPoverty andSocialJustice poverty community development SOCIAL CHANGE. They are not only concerned with helping individuals but also with broader social issues such as poverty

  12. Educational Poverty in a Comparative Perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moeller, Ralf

    Educational Poverty in a Comparative Perspective: Theoretical and Empirical Implications SFB 882 Ferger Educational Poverty in a Comparative Perspective: Theoretical and Empirical Implications SFB 882 and Education: An International Comparison of Educational Poverty" This project studies the determinants

  13. Poverty and Social Exclusion May 8, 2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    von der Heydt, Rüdiger

    Poverty and Social Exclusion May 8, 2012 Social Determinants of Health Conference Johns Hopkins% of Baltimore communities are racially homogeneous Redlined communities map onto persistent poverty, lack, evaluation, advocacy Concentrated poverty, racial & economic segregation Housing policies (housing choice

  14. Poor Talk: Surveying Social Science Discourse on Urban Poverty 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farias, Ruben

    2012-10-19

    called poverty knowledge. Despite the tremendous size and breadth of poverty research, historians of poverty suggest that poverty knowledge demonstrates a frame. That is, a coherent, consistent understanding (and thereby study) of poverty. Building...

  15. PSYC 465: Poverty and Development Sample Syllabus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hopfinger, Joseph B.

    PSYC 465: Poverty and Development Sample Syllabus Description: Poverty is one of the most examines the impact of poverty and family economic hardship on human development. An ecological systems on the scientific study of poverty as an important developmental risk factor as well as on research on protective

  16. Prosperity, Poverty and Inequality in London

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Banaji,. Murad

    ASE Prosperity, Poverty and Inequality in London 2000/01-2010/11 Ruth Lupton, Polly Vizard, Amanda of wealth, poverty, income inequality and spatial difference. The full programme of analysis will include. The Changing Spatial Distribution of Poverty 2001 to 2011...................33 The Geography of Poverty

  17. Fee Title: Renewable Energy Fee Measure #: Measure 44

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Cruz, University of

    Fee Title: Renewable Energy Fee Measure #: Measure 44 Ballot Information Shall the undergraduates and graduate students of UCSC amend Measure 28, the Renewable Energy fee passed in Spring 2006 as follows: The amendment would allow funds to be used for on-site renewables and energy efficiency projects

  18. Young Children's Reasoning about Children and Families Living in Poverty

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nenadal, Lindsey

    2015-01-01

    Figure 1. Examples of Causes of Poverty Using Updated22 Figure 2. Examples of Causes of Poverty Interview1. Endorsements of Causes of Poverty……………………………………………………

  19. Measuring Energy Achievements | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Financing Tool Fits the BillDepartmentSites |Strides to BoostMARketDepartment3EnergyMeasuring

  20. WPN 12-8: 2012 Poverty Income Guidelines and Definition of Income

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    To provide Grantees with the 2012 Poverty Income Guidelines and Definition of Income for use in the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Weatherization Assistance Program (WAP).

  1. How the poverty of the stimulus solves the poverty of the stimulus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zuidema, Jelle

    How the poverty of the stimulus solves the poverty of the stimulus Willem Zuidema Theoretical is the argument from the poverty of the stimulus [2]. This argument states that children have insufficient the poverty of the stimulus, and, in the extreme, for the view that grammar induction is fundamentally

  2. The Fifth Annual Report of the Wisconsin Poverty Project Wisconsin Poverty Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gasch, Audrey P.

    The Fifth Annual Report of the Wisconsin Poverty Project Wisconsin Poverty Report: Is the Safety Net Still Protecting Families from Poverty in 2011? Timothy M. Smeeding, Julia B. Isaacs, and Katherine A. Thornton Institute for Research on Poverty University of Wisconsin­Madison June 2013 #12;ABOUT

  3. Academics Stand Against Poverty: One-Year Anniversary Conference Global Poverty: What Do We Know?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crair, Michael C

    Academics Stand Against Poverty: One-Year Anniversary Conference Global Poverty: What Do We Know and students with an interest in of global poverty alleviation efforts to take part in the one year anniversary conference of Academics Stand Against Poverty (ASAP). The first day of the conference will be dedicated

  4. www.irp.wisc.edu No. 142012 Fast Focus is an occasional, electronic-only supplement to Focus on recent poverty research.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gasch, Audrey P.

    to Focus on recent poverty research. Each year, the U.S. Census Bureau releases a number of public reports on the level of poverty in the previous year and trends in the level and composition of the poor from year to year. To make their annual assessment, Bureau analysts use the official poverty measure

  5. Title: Global Distribution of Poverty Data Creator /

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Title: Global Distribution of Poverty Data Creator / Copyright Owner: Center for International: N/A Publication Date: N/A Coverage Date(s): 1993 - 1998 Updates: N/A Abstract: The Global Poverty Mapping Project seeks to enhance current understanding of the global distribution of poverty

  6. Productivity benefits of industrial energy efficiency measures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Worrell, Ernst

    2011-01-01

    in calculations of the cost of conserved energy (CCE) forthe cost calculations cut the potential for energy savingscosts of an energy efficiency measure, thereby lowering the CCE. Adjusting the CCE calculation

  7. Sandia Energy - Arctic Climate Measurements

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Arctic Climate Measurements Home Climate & Earth Systems Climate Measurement & Modeling Arctic Climate Measurements Arctic Climate Measurementscwdd2015-05-08T01:51:20+00:00 A...

  8. Measuring Transport Protocol Potential for Energy Efficiency

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tsaoussidis, Vassilis

    Measuring Transport Protocol Potential for Energy Efficiency S. Kontogiannis, L. Mamatas, I. Psaras. Several attempts have been made to measure the energy efficiency of trans- port protocols, (e.g. [10], [12-saving potential of transport pro- tocols. We focus on the system-related aspect of energy. Do we have to damage

  9. Measuring Energy Efficiency Report in Html: Table of Contents

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Report: Measuring Energy Efficiency in the U.S. Economy Measuring Energy Efficiency In The United States' Economy: A Beginning Measuring Energy Efficiency in the United States'...

  10. POVERTY IN THE UNITED STATES Sociology 3505, Fall 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stephens, Jacqueline

    POVERTY IN THE UNITED STATES Sociology 3505, Fall 2013 Tuesdays and Thursdays, 9:00-10:20 AM 214 __________________________________________________________________________________ COURSE DESCRIPTION This course examines the nature and extent of poverty in the United States. Students will gain familiarity with poverty issues as we review topics such as people`s views of poverty, poverty

  11. The Fourth Annual Report of the Wisconsin Poverty Project Wisconsin Poverty Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheridan, Jennifer

    The Fourth Annual Report of the Wisconsin Poverty Project Wisconsin Poverty Report: How the Safety--this one marking the fourth--joins many other endeavors by University of Wisconsin System faculty and staff

  12. Alternative Energy Leadership Study Measuring Performance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Franssen, Michael

    Alternative Energy Leadership Study Measuring Performance Through a Multidisciplinary Lens February and a major cause of pollution, scientists and engineers have sought for decades to develop alternative energy to alternative energy-related research is critical for understanding the potential solutions emerging from

  13. Time-Energy Costs of Quantum Measurements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chi-Hang Fred Fung; H. F. Chau

    2014-05-08

    Time and energy of quantum processes are a tradeoff against each other. We propose to ascribe to any given quantum process a time-energy cost to quantify how much computation it performs. Here, we analyze the time-energy costs for general quantum measurements, along a similar line as our previous work for quantum channels, and prove exact and lower bound formulae for the costs. We use these formulae to evaluate the efficiencies of actual measurement implementations. We find that one implementation for a Bell measurement is optimal in time-energy. We also analyze the time-energy cost for unambiguous state discrimination and find evidence that only a finite time-energy cost is needed to distinguish any number of states.

  14. Paleomagnetic Measurements | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsourceII JumpQuarterly Smart GridNorth Carolina: EnergyInc thePalcan Fuel Cells

  15. Sandia Energy - Phasor Measurement Units

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservation of Fe(II)Geothermal Energy &WaterNew CREWOnlineParticulatePatent AwardedPhase

  16. INDOOR AIR QUALITY MEASUREMENTS IN ENERGY EFFICIENT BUILDINGS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hollowell, C.D.

    2011-01-01

    Quality Measurements in Energy Efficient Buildings Craig D.Quality ~leasurements in Energy Efficient Buildings Craig D.Gregory W. Traynor Energy Efficient Buildings Program Energy

  17. UN-Energy-Measuring Energy Access | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EA EISTJThin Film SolarTown(LECBP) | OpenTrackI/UAAEnergy-Measuring Energy

  18. Procedure to Measure Indoor Lighting Energy Performance

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Deru, M.; Blair, N.; Torcellini, P.

    2005-10-01

    This document provides standard definitions of performance metrics and methods to determine them for the energy performance of building interior lighting systems. It can be used for existing buildings and for proposed buildings. The primary users for whom these documents are intended are building energy analysts and technicians who design, install, and operate data acquisition systems, and who analyze and report building energy performance data. Typical results from the use of this procedure are the monthly and annual energy used for lighting, energy savings from occupancy or daylighting controls, and the percent of the total building energy use that is used by the lighting system. The document is not specifically intended for retrofit applications. However, it does complement Measurement and Verification protocols that do not provide detailed performance metrics or measurement procedures.

  19. Americas' Energy Leaders Take Action to Realize Energy and Climate...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    renewable energy, cleaner fossil fuels, critical infrastructure, and energy poverty alleviation. DOE's Assistant Secretary for Policy and International Affairs David...

  20. Progress and Poverty: An Inquiry into Color Appearance Modeling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fairchild, Mark D.

    Progress and Poverty: An Inquiry into Color Appearance Modeling and Increase of Want with Increase and Poverty ... #12;Progress and Poverty: An Inquiry into the Cause of Industrial Depressions and of Increase of Want with Increase of Wealth: The Remedy Henry George, 1879 #12;Progress and Poverty by Henry George

  1. Poverty and Inequality Research Cluster Global Development and Happiness

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sussex, University of

    Poverty and Inequality Research Cluster Global Development and Happiness: How can Data Volume 2013 No 432 #12;2 The Poverty and Inequality research cluster, part of the Vulnerability and Poverty Reduction team at IDS, produces research on poverty, inequality and wellbeing. Our research

  2. FUZZY COMPREHENSIVE EVALUATION OF RURAL INFORMATION POVERTY IN CHINA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    FUZZY COMPREHENSIVE EVALUATION OF RURAL INFORMATION POVERTY IN CHINA CASE STUDY OF HEBEI PROVINCE@yahoo.com.cn Abstract: Information poverty is a new form of poverty in information society. With the growing information-gap between urban and rural areas, information poverty is prevailing in the vast rural areas in China

  3. Energy Efficiency Measures to Incorporate into Remodeling Projects...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Energy Efficiency Measures to Incorporate into Remodeling Projects Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Energy Efficiency Measures to Incorporate into Remodeling Projects...

  4. NEMVP: North American energy measurement and verification protocol

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1996-03-01

    This measurement and verification protocol discusses procedures that,when implemented, allow buyers, sellers, and financiers of energy projects to quantify energy conservation measure performance and savings.

  5. Data Center Energy Efficiency Measurement Assesment Kit Guide...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Data Center Energy Efficiency Measurement Assesment Kit Guide and Specification Data Center Energy Efficiency Measurement Assesment Kit Guide and Specification Guide describes the...

  6. Solar Energy: Impacts & Management MeasuresSolar Energy: Impacts & Management Measures Vasilis Fthenakis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 Solar Energy: Impacts & Management MeasuresSolar Energy: Impacts & Management Measures Vasilis Solar Wildlife Society 17th Annual Conference, October 4, 1010, Snowbird, UT email: vmf@bnl.gov web: www-tax WACC High: 9.9% after-tax WACC Source: J. Lushetsky, Solar Technologies Program, DOE, 25th EUPV

  7. Evalutaion of Energy Efficiency Measures for K-12 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hyojin, K; Haberl, J. S.; Baltazar, J.C.; Mukhopadhyay, J.; Do, S.; Kim, K.; Lewis, C.; Yazdani, B.

    2011-01-01

    Base-Case School Model 18 EE/RE Measures Results Summary Energy Efficiency/Renewable Energy (EE/RE) Measures for K-12 Schools CATEE 2011 Nov. 7 ? 9, 2011 3 Introduction Energy Saving Potential in High Performance Schools ? Energy... Accounts : TEA 2009 Energy Efficiency/Renewable Energy (EE/RE) Measures for K-12 Schools CATEE 2011 Nov. 7 ? 9, 2011 5 Introduction Energy Efficiency/Renewable Energy (EERE) Projects for Texas Public Schools ? To analyze potential energy savings...

  8. Energy Savings Measure Packages. Existing Homes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Casey, Sean; Booten, Chuck

    2011-11-01

    This document presents the most cost effective Energy Savings Measure Packages (ESMP) for existing mixed-fuel and all electric homes to achieve 15% and 30% savings for each BetterBuildings grantee location across the United States. These packages are optimized for minimum cost to homeowners for source energy savings given the local climate and prevalent building characteristics (i.e. foundation types). Maximum cost savings are typically found between 30% and 50% energy savings over the reference home; this typically amounts to $300 - $700/year.

  9. Energy Savings Measure Packages: Existing Homes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Casey, S.; Booten, C.

    2011-11-01

    This document presents the most cost effective Energy Savings Measure Packages (ESMP) for existing mixed-fuel and all electric homes to achieve 15% and 30% savings for each BetterBuildings grantee location across the US. These packages are optimized for minimum cost to homeowners for given source energy savings given the local climate and prevalent building characteristics (i.e. foundation types). Maximum cost savings are typically found between 30% and 50% energy savings over the reference home. The dollar value of the maximum annual savings varies significantly by location but typically amounts to $300 - $700/year.

  10. Measurement and Verification Options for Federal Energy- and...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Options for Federal Energy- and Water-Saving Projects Measurement and Verification Options for Federal Energy- and Water-Saving Projects Federal Energy Management Program...

  11. Sandia Energy - Sandia Researchers Are First to Measure Thermoelectric...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Are First to Measure Thermoelectric Behavior of a Nanoporous Metal-Organic Framework Home Energy Transportation Energy CRF Office of Science Facilities Capabilities News Energy...

  12. Pulse energy measurement at the SXR instrument

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Moeller, Stefan; Brown, Garth; Dakovski, Georgi; Hill, Bruce; Holmes, Michael; Loos, Jennifer; Maida, Ricardo; Paiser, Ernesto; Schlotter, William; Turner, Joshua J.; et al

    2015-04-14

    A gas monitor detector was implemented and characterized at the Soft X-ray Research (SXR) instrument to measure the average, absolute and pulse-resolved photon flux of the LCLS beam in the energy range between 280 and 2000 eV. The detector is placed after the monochromator and addresses the need to provide reliable absolute pulse energy as well as pulse-resolved measurements for the various experiments at this instrument. This detector provides a reliable non-invasive measurement for determining flux levels on the samples in the downstream experimental chamber and for optimizing signal levels of secondary detectors and for the essential need of datamore »normalization. The design, integration into the instrument and operation are described, and examples of its performance are given.« less

  13. Productivity benefits of industrial energy efficiency measures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Worrell, Ernst

    2011-01-01

    energy savings are related to energy price changes through1997 dollars. All energy prices and savings were evaluatedthe relationship of energy prices to industry-wide energy

  14. Governing Poverty Amidst Plenty: Philanthropic Investments and the California Dream

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kohl, Erica L.

    2010-01-01

    Action Programs (CAPS) in Tulare County in the early 1960’sWar on Poverty’s CAPS in Tulare County created specific ‘I propose that the Tulare County ‘self-help’ programs

  15. Distributional Implications of Halving Poverty in South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tregenna, Fiona

    1 DISTRIBUTIONAL IMPLICATIONS OF HALVING POVERTY IN SOUTH AFRICA FIONA TREGENNA† Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge. ABSTRACT The South African government has set as a policy objective the halving of poverty by 2014... poverty under various growth scenarios. Keywords: income distribution, poverty, inequality, South Africa. JEL codes: D30, D31, I32. † August 2008. Contact: fmt21@cam.ac.uk. This research...

  16. UN Millennium Development Goal 1 Eradicate Extreme Poverty and Hunger

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gasch, Audrey P.

    UN Millennium Development Goal 1 Eradicate Extreme Poverty and Hunger QUICK FACTS The World Bank estimates that 1.4 bill people in developing countries were living in extreme poverty in 2005. Recent into absolute poverty. About 25% of children under

  17. Publications on Rural Poverty and Development Peer-Reviewed Articles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Barbara, University of

    Publications on Rural Poverty and Development Peer-Reviewed Articles Davis J., López-Carr D. (2014. Davis (2010).Population, Poverty, Environment, and Climate Dynamics in the Developing World roads: Land tenure, poverty, and politics on the Guatemalan frontier. Geoforum. 37(1): 94-103. Book

  18. October 15, 2015 Too Many Nevadans Remain in Poverty

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kachroo, Pushkin

    October 15, 2015 Too Many Nevadans Remain in Poverty Investments in Human Needs Programs Needed that poverty remains stubbornly high. In Nevada, 15.2 percent of people were poor in 2014 ­ roughly the same as in 2013 when 15.8 percent were poor. The child poverty rate also remains stuck, with 22 percent of Nevada

  19. Migration, rural development, poverty and food security: a comparative perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    1 Migration, rural development, poverty and food security: a comparative perspective Thomas Lacroix rural underdevelopment, poverty and food insecurity in rural areas? The case studies provide mixed poverty, even for non-migrant households. In the countries benefiting from temporary migration schemes

  20. WORKING PAPER N 2010 -13 Trade liberalization and poverty dynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    WORKING PAPER N° 2010 - 13 Trade liberalization and poverty dynamics in Vietnam 2002-2006 Barbara, poverty dynamics, Vietnam PARIS-JOURDAN SCIENCES ECONOMIQUES 48, BD JOURDAN ­ E.N.S. ­ 75014 PARIS TÉL liberalization and poverty dynamics in Vietnam 2002-2006 Barbara Coello1 Madior Fall Akiko Suwa-Eisenmann May 31

  1. Commons as insurance: safety nets or poverty traps? Philippe Delacote

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Langerhans, Brian

    Commons as insurance: safety nets or poverty traps? Philippe Delacote Economics Department, EUI. The aim of this paper is to consider the potential poverty-trap implications of this use. If the capacity, the introduction of an insurance scheme could be an exit to the poverty trap and relax pressure on the resource

  2. Sandia Energy - Measurements of Thermal Stratification in a Homogenous...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Measurements of Thermal Stratification in a Homogenous Charge Compression Ignition Engine Home Energy Transportation Energy CRF Facilities Partnership News News & Events Research &...

  3. Sandia Energy - New Polarized-Depolarized Measurement Capability...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Polarized-Depolarized Measurement Capability Extends Use of RamanRayleigh Methods to More Flame Types Home Energy Transportation Energy CRF Facilities Capabilities News News &...

  4. Measurement and Verification of Low Income Energy Efficiency...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Measurement and Verification of Low Income Energy Efficiency Programs in Brazil: Methodological Challenges Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Measurement...

  5. Policies and Measures to Realise Industrial Energy Efficiency...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Policies and Measures to Realise Industrial Energy Efficiency and Mitigate Climate Change Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Policies and Measures to...

  6. A Framework for Comparative Assessments of Energy Efficiency Policy Measures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blum, Helcio

    2012-01-01

    electricity savings from energy efficiency measures inefficiency standard measures (Std 0.95 and Std 0.98), comprise the frontier of savings

  7. Productivity benefits of industrial energy efficiency measures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Worrell, Ernst

    2011-01-01

    Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, 1997. 5. M. Pye andGolden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory, 1997. 11.

  8. Measurable Maximal Energy and Minimal Time Interval

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eiman Abou El Dahab; Abdel Nasser Tawfik

    2014-01-14

    The possibility of finding the measurable maximal energy and the minimal time interval is discussed in different quantum aspects. It is found that the linear generalized uncertainty principle (GUP) approach gives a non-physical result. Based on large scale Schwarzshild solution, the quadratic GUP approach is utilized. The calculations are performed at the shortest distance, at which the general relativity is assumed to be a good approximation for the quantum gravity and at larger distances, as well. It is found that both maximal energy and minimal time have the order of the Planck time. Then, the uncertainties in both quantities are accordingly bounded. Some physical insights are addressed. Also, the implications on the physics of early Universe and on quantized mass are outlined. The results are related to the existence of finite cosmological constant and minimum mass (mass quanta).

  9. Productivity benefits of industrial energy efficiency measures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Worrell, Ernst

    2011-01-01

    the linkage between energy efficiency and productivity.and increased energy efficiency in integrated paper andand Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, 1997.

  10. "Ecosystem Services, Biodiversity and Poverty Reduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of plant, animal and micro-organism communities and the nonliving environment interacting as a functional and the nonliving environment interacting as a functional unit." "Ecosystem services are the benefits people capture for the foreseeable future. #12;John Beddington's "Perfect Storm" Population Increase Poverty Reduction Food Security

  11. Energy Efficiency Measures to Incorporate into Remodeling Projects...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Efficiency Measures to Incorporate into Remodeling Projects Liaukus, C. 32 ENERGY CONSERVATION, CONSUMPTION, AND UTILIZATION RESIDENTIAL; RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS; BARA; BUILDING...

  12. Measured energy performance of a US-China demonstration energy-efficient office building

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xu, Peng; Huang, Joe; Jin, Ruidong; Yang, Guoxiong

    2006-01-01

    good benchmark energy consumption data for buildings, and (total energy consumption Although the measured data arelimited data available for building energy consumption in

  13. Poverty Social Impact Analysis | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History ViewMayo, Maryland:NPIProtectio1975) |Texas:Pottawattamie County, Iowa:Pottstown,Pound Ridge,

  14. Poverty and Forests Linkages | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsourceII JumpQuarterly SmartDB-2, BluePoulsen Hybrid, LLC Jump to: navigation,

  15. Implementation and Rejection of Industrial Steam System Energy Efficiency Measures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Therkelesen, Peter; McKane, Aimee

    2013-05-01

    Steam systems consume approximately one third of energy applied at U.S. industrial facilities. To reduce energy consumption, steam system energy assessments have been conducted on a wide range of industry types over the course of five years through the Energy Savings Assessment (ESA) program administered by the U.S. Department of Energy (U.S. DOE). ESA energy assessments result in energy efficiency measure recommendations that are given potential energy and energy cost savings and potential implementation cost values. Saving and cost metrics that measure the impact recommended measures will have at facilities, described as percentages of facility baseline energy and energy cost, are developed from ESA data and used in analyses. Developed savings and cost metrics are examined along with implementation and rejection rates of recommended steam system energy efficiency measures. Based on analyses, implementation of steam system energy efficiency measures is driven primarily by cost metrics: payback period and measure implementation cost as a percentage of facility baseline energy cost (implementation cost percentage). Stated reasons for rejecting recommended measures are primarily based upon economic concerns. Additionally, implementation rates of measures are not only functions of savings and cost metrics, but time as well.

  16. Measured energy performance of a US-China demonstration energy-efficient office building

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xu, Peng; Huang, Joe; Jin, Ruidong; Yang, Guoxiong

    2006-01-01

    and renewable energy measures that might prove suitable to this building. The study explored two types

  17. Transverse Energy Measurements from the Beam Energy Scan in PHENIX

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mitchell, J T

    2016-01-01

    Transverse energy distributions at midrapidity have been measured by the PHENIX experiment at the BNL Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) for Au+Au, U+U, Cu+Au, Cu+Cu, He+Au, d+Au, and p+p collisions over a wide energy range from $\\sqrt{s_{NN}}$ = 7.7 GeV to $\\sqrt{s_{NN}}$ = 200 GeV as a function of centrality. For central Au+Au collisions, it is observed that the midrapidity Bjorken energy density demonstrates a power law behavior from $\\sqrt{s_{NN}}$ = 7.7 GeV to $\\sqrt{s_{NN}}$ = 2.76 TeV. At a given collision energy, the data presented as a function of $N_{part}$ are independent of the size of the collision system. For Au+Au, Cu+Au, and Cu+Cu collisions, the centrality-dependent data are better described by scaling with the number of constituent quark participants than scaling with the number of nucleon participants.

  18. Transverse Energy Measurements from the Beam Energy Scan in PHENIX

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. T. Mitchell

    2016-01-05

    Transverse energy distributions at midrapidity have been measured by the PHENIX experiment at the BNL Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) for Au+Au, U+U, Cu+Au, Cu+Cu, He+Au, d+Au, and p+p collisions over a wide energy range from $\\sqrt{s_{NN}}$ = 7.7 GeV to $\\sqrt{s_{NN}}$ = 200 GeV as a function of centrality. For central Au+Au collisions, it is observed that the midrapidity Bjorken energy density demonstrates a power law behavior from $\\sqrt{s_{NN}}$ = 7.7 GeV to $\\sqrt{s_{NN}}$ = 2.76 TeV. At a given collision energy, the data presented as a function of $N_{part}$ are independent of the size of the collision system. For Au+Au, Cu+Au, and Cu+Cu collisions, the centrality-dependent data are better described by scaling with the number of constituent quark participants than scaling with the number of nucleon participants.

  19. Does Natural Resource Extraction Mitigate Poverty and Inequality? Evidence from Rural Mexico and a Lacandona Rainforest Community

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lopez-Feldman, Alejandro; Mora, Jorge; Taylor, J. Edward

    2006-01-01

    and poverty effects of natural resource extraction at theand poverty effects of natural resource extraction at theand poverty effects of natural resource extraction at the

  20. Minimizing Intrusiveness in Home Energy Measurement David Lachut

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rollins, Sami

    home energy measurement systems exist, they are often intrusive--requiring several physical components of a system for compre- hensive home energy measurement and analyze the resource requirements of the basic techniques for reducing the resource require- ments of the system. Our techniques reduce the energy foot

  1. Measurement Aggregation and Routing Techniques for Energy-Efficient Estimation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koutsopoulos, Iordanis

    Measurement Aggregation and Routing Techniques for Energy-Efficient Estimation in Wireless Sensor measurements. Mecha- nisms that efficiently compress and transport sensor data in the network are needed. We network lifetime. Sensor spatial correlation, measurement accuracies, link qualities and energy reserves

  2. Property:ElectricalMeasurement | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    search Property Name ElectricalMeasurement Property Type String Description MHK Electrical & Power Measurement Categories Used in FormTemplate MHKSensor Allows Values...

  3. Productivity benefits of industrial energy efficiency measures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Worrell, Ernst

    2011-01-01

    maintenance Energy monitoring and management systems Variable speed drives for flue gas control, pumps,

  4. From free energy measurements to free energy inference in small systems Felix Ritort

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Potsdam, Universität

    From free energy measurements to free energy inference in small systems the knowledge of the free energy of nucleic acid and protein structures the free energy of pure equilibrium states, FTs have been extended

  5. Evaluating the Impact of Development Projects on Poverty: A Handbook...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    the Impact of Development Projects on Poverty: A Handbook for Practitioners Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Evaluating the Impact of Development Projects...

  6. Procedure for Measuring and Reporting Commercial Building Energy Performance

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barley, D.; Deru, M.; Pless, S.; Torcellini, P.

    2005-10-01

    This procedure is intended to provide a standard method for measuring and characterizing the energy performance of commercial buildings. The procedure determines the energy consumption, electrical energy demand, and on-site energy production in existing commercial buildings of all types. The performance metrics determined here may be compared against benchmarks to evaluate performance and verify that performance targets have been achieved.

  7. FEMP Releases New Training Course on Energy Conservation Measures...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    ESPC projects. Course modules focus on four specific energy conservation measures (ECMs)-demand response, cogenerationCHP, irrigation efficiency improvements, and...

  8. Uncertainty Estimation Improves Energy Measurement and Verification Procedures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Walter, Travis; Price, Phillip N.; Sohn, Michael D.

    2014-05-14

    Implementing energy conservation measures in buildings can reduce energy costs and environmental impacts, but such measures cost money to implement so intelligent investment strategies require the ability to quantify the energy savings by comparing actual energy used to how much energy would have been used in absence of the conservation measures (known as the baseline energy use). Methods exist for predicting baseline energy use, but a limitation of most statistical methods reported in the literature is inadequate quantification of the uncertainty in baseline energy use predictions. However, estimation of uncertainty is essential for weighing the risks of investing in retrofits. Most commercial buildings have, or soon will have, electricity meters capable of providing data at short time intervals. These data provide new opportunities to quantify uncertainty in baseline predictions, and to do so after shorter measurement durations than are traditionally used. In this paper, we show that uncertainty estimation provides greater measurement and verification (M&V) information and helps to overcome some of the difficulties with deciding how much data is needed to develop baseline models and to confirm energy savings. We also show that cross-validation is an effective method for computing uncertainty. In so doing, we extend a simple regression-based method of predicting energy use using short-interval meter data. We demonstrate the methods by predicting energy use in 17 real commercial buildings. We discuss the benefits of uncertainty estimates which can provide actionable decision making information for investing in energy conservation measures.

  9. MEASURING ENERGY CONSERVATION WITH UTILITY BILLS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deckel, Walter

    2013-01-01

    The total energy used both per square foot and per FTE hasTotal Energy Used Per Year Total Gross Square Feet The EUIsquare foot and per FTE, have increased markedly, The explanation of the first trend lies FIGURE 4 a.Distribution of Values of Energy

  10. Labour's Record on Cash Transfers, Poverty, Inequality and the Lifecycle 1997 -2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Banaji,. Murad

    Labour's Record on Cash Transfers, Poverty, Inequality and the Lifecycle 1997 - 2010 John Hills ...................................................................................................................20 6. Outcomes: Poverty rates on the distribution of wealth, poverty, income inequality and spatial difference. The full programme of analysis

  11. Does monetary poverty reflect caloric intake? Ibrahima BOCOUM CIRAD, UMR MOISA, F-34398 Montpellier, France

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    1 Does monetary poverty reflect caloric intake? Ibrahima BOCOUM CIRAD, UMR MOISA, F-34398 poverty. Using a Maliansurvey thatincorporatesexceptionally detailed information on food consumption, we: poverty, food insecurity, caloric intake, household surveys, Mali 1 Introduction Estimating the number

  12. Measuring industrial energy efficiency: Physical volume versus economic value

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Freeman, S.L.; Niefer, M.J.; Roop, J.M.

    1996-12-01

    This report examines several different measures of industrial output for use in constructing estimates of industrial energy efficiency and discusses some reasons for differences between the measures. Estimates of volume-based measures of output, as well as 3 value-based measures of output (value of production, value of shipments, and value added), are evaluated for 15 separate 4-digit industries. Volatility, simple growth rate, and trend growth rate estimates are made for each industry and each measure of output. Correlations are made between the volume- and value-based measures of output. Historical energy use data are collected for 5 of the industries for making energy- intensity estimates. Growth rates in energy use, energy intensity, and correlations between volume- and value-based measures of energy intensity are computed. There is large variability in growth trend estimates both long term and from year to year. While there is a high correlation between volume- and value-based measures of output for a few industries, typically the correlation is low, and this is exacerbated for estimates of energy intensity. Analysis revealed reasons for these low correlations. It appears that substantial work must be done before reliable measures of trends in the energy efficiency of industry can be accurately characterized.

  13. Superior Energy Performance Measurement and Verification Protocol...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    SLIDES Enroll or Apply Today Navigate the SEP Site Superior Energy Performance SEP and ISO 50001 Certification Process The Business Case for SEP Case Studies Certified...

  14. Corporate Performance Measures Definitions | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Corporate Performance Measures Plutonium Metal or Oxide packaged for long-term storage (number of containers): Certified DOE storagetreatmentdisposal (STD) 3013 containers (or...

  15. Upgrade of Beam Energy Measurement System at BEPC-II

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jian-Yong Zhang; Xiao Cai; Xiao-Hu Mo; Di-Zhou Guo; Jian-Li Wang; Bai-Qi Liu; M. N. Achasov; A. A. Krasnov; N. Yu. Muchnoi; E. E. Pyata; E. V. Mamoshkina; F. A. Harris

    2015-10-28

    The beam energy measurement system is of great importance and profit for both BEPC-II accelerator and BES-III detector. The system is based on measuring the energies of Compton back-scattered photons. Many advanced techniques and precise instruments are employed to realize the highly accurate measurement of positron/electron beam energy. During five year's running period, in order to meet the requirement of data taking and improve the capacity of measurement itself, the upgradation of system is continued, which involve the component reformation of laser and optics subsystem, replacement of view-port of the laser to vacuum insertion subsystem, the purchase of electric cooling system for high purity germanium detector, and the improvement of data acquisition and processing subsystem. The upgrading of system guarantees the smooth and efficient measuring of beam energy at BEPC-II and accommodates the accurate offline energy values for further physics analysis at BES-III.

  16. Upgrade of Beam Energy Measurement System at BEPC-II

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Jian-Yong; Mo, Xiao-Hu; Guo, Di-Zhou; Wang, Jian-Li; Liu, Bai-Qi; Achasov, M N; Krasnov, A A; Muchnoi, N Yu; Pyata, E E; Mamoshkina, E V; Harris, F A

    2015-01-01

    The beam energy measurement system is of great importance and profit for both BEPC-II accelerator and BES-III detector. The system is based on measuring the energies of Compton back-scattered photons. Many advanced techniques and precise instruments are employed to realize the highly accurate measurement of positron/electron beam energy. During five year's running period, in order to meet the requirement of data taking and improve the capacity of measurement itself, the upgradation of system is continued, which involve the component reformation of laser and optics subsystem, replacement of view-port of the laser to vacuum insertion subsystem, the purchase of electric cooling system for high purity germanium detector, and the improvement of data acquisition and processing subsystem. The upgrading of system guarantees the smooth and efficient measuring of beam energy at BEPC-II and accommodates the accurate offline energy values for further physics analysis at BES-III.

  17. Measuring energy efficiency in the United States` economy: A beginning

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1995-10-01

    Energy efficiency is a vital component of the Nation`s energy strategy. One of the Department of Energy`s missions are to promote energy efficiency to help the Nation manage its energy resources. The ability to define and measure energy efficiency is essential to this objective. In the absence of consistent defensible measures, energy efficiency is a vague, subjective concept that engenders directionless speculation and confusion rather than insightful analysis. The task of defining and measuring energy efficiency and creating statistical measures as descriptors is a daunting one. This publication is not a final product, but is EIA`s first attempt to define and measure energy efficiency in a systematic and robust manner for each of the sectors and the United States economy as a whole. In this process, EIA has relied on discussions, customer reviews, in-house reviews, and seminars that have focused on energy efficiency in each of the sectors. EIA solicits the continued participation of its customers in further refining this work.

  18. For discussion purposes only Biofuel and Poverty Nexus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    For discussion purposes only Biofuel and Poverty Nexus in Asia 13th Poverty and Environment Partnership Meeting Myo Thant Manila, 11 June 2008 #12;For discussion purposes only Interest in Biofuels has and policies · Number of countries · Different biofuel feedstock · Research on second generation technology #12

  19. Energy Measurement for the Cloud Yi Yu, Saleem Bhatti

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bhatti, Saleem N.

    Energy Measurement for the Cloud Yi Yu, Saleem Bhatti School of Computer Science, University of St important resource to consider is energy (or power). As cloud services are intended to be `always on' the energy costs of cloud service provision is already significant, and will continue to rise as global

  20. Africa - Technical Potential of Solar Energy to Address Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Africa - Technical Potential of Solar Energy to Address Energy Poverty and Avoid GHG Emissions Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Technical Potential of...

  1. SEE Action Webinar on Energy Efficiency Measure Cost Studies

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presented by State and Local Energy Efficiency Action Network (SEE Action), this webinar will explain the importance of measure cost studies, review the current "state of the science" of measure cost development and estimation, and explore opportunities for future collaboration and advancement of measure cost research.

  2. Energy Measurement and Strategy for a Trigger of Ultra High Energy Cosmic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Erdmann, Martin

    Energy Measurement and Strategy for a Trigger of Ultra High Energy Cosmic Rays Measured with Radio Ray induced Air Showers 3 2.1 Physics of Ultra High Energy Cosmic Rays . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 2.1.1 Energy Spectrum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 2.1.2 Composition

  3. ACT2 Project: Measuring Energy Savings 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krieg, B. L.; Baker, M.

    1992-01-01

    Pacific Gas and Electric Company has initiated a major demonstration project to test the hypothesis that substantial energy efficiency improvements can be achieved in customer facilities at costs competitive with supply. This paper describes...

  4. Sandia Energy - Wake Imaging Measurement System

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Imaging Measurement Systemcwdd2015-05-11T19:00:46+00:00 Wakes produced from upstream turbines in wind plants lead to lower power production and increased loads on downstream...

  5. Measuring Standby Power | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankADVANCED MANUFACTURING OFFICESpecial ReportProposal to change FacRepMeasuring Standby Power Measuring

  6. Using Wireless Power Meters to Measure Energy Use of Miscellaneous and Electronic Devices in Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Richard

    2012-01-01

    a High-Fidelity Wireless Building Energy Auditing Network.Using Wireless Power Meters to Measure Energy Use ofUsing Wireless Power Meters to Measure Energy Miscellaneous

  7. Nuclear symmetry energy at subnormal densities from measured nuclear masses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Min Liu; Ning Wang; Zhuxia Li; Fengshou Zhang

    2010-11-17

    The symmetry energy coefficients for nuclei with mass number A=20~250 are extracted from more than 2000 measured nuclear masses. With the semi-empirical connection between the symmetry energy coefficients of finite nuclei and the nuclear symmetry energy at reference densities, we investigate the density dependence of symmetry energy of nuclear matter at subnormal densities. The obtained results are compared with those extracted from other methods.

  8. A Framework for Comparative Assessments of Energy Efficiency Policy Measures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Blum, Helcio; Atkinson, Barbara; Lekov, Alex

    2011-05-24

    When policy makers propose new policies, there is a need to assess the costs and benefits of the proposed policy measures, to compare them to existing and alternative policies, and to rank them according to their effectiveness. In the case of equipment energy efficiency regulations, comparing the effects of a range of alternative policy measures requires evaluating their effects on consumers’ budgets, on national energy consumption and economics, and on the environment. Such an approach should be able to represent in a single framework the particularities of each policy measure and provide comparable results. This report presents an integrated methodological framework to assess prospectively the energy, economic, and environmental impacts of energy efficiency policy measures. The framework builds on the premise that the comparative assessment of energy efficiency policy measures should (a) rely on a common set of primary data and parameters, (b) follow a single functional approach to estimate the energy, economic, and emissions savings resulting from each assessed measure, and (c) present results through a set of comparable indicators. This framework elaborates on models that the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has used in support of its rulemakings on mandatory energy efficiency standards. In addition to a rigorous analysis of the impacts of mandatory standards, DOE compares the projected results of alternative policy measures to those projected to be achieved by the standards. The framework extends such an approach to provide a broad, generic methodology, with no geographic or sectoral limitations, that is useful for evaluating any type of equipment energy efficiency market intervention. The report concludes with a demonstration of how to use the framework to compare the impacts estimated for twelve policy measures focusing on increasing the energy efficiency of gas furnaces in the United States.

  9. MASSACHUSETTS DRIVES PERFORMANCE MEASUREMENT | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousMathematicsEnergyInterested Parties - WAPA PublicLED1,400 Jobs |Inc. |EnergyMASSACHUSETTS DRIVES

  10. Corporate Performance Measures Definitions | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergy A plug-in electric vehicle (PEV)Day-June2012 |Department of EnergyPerformance

  11. Slocum Glider Energy Measurement and Simulation Infrastructure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kremer, Ulrich

    of a new simulation environment for the Slocum glider which uses the power/energy data obtained by our the coast of New Jersey. I. INTRODUCTION The mission endurance of today's Autonomous Un- derwater Vehicles been deployed in test missions off of the coast of New Jersey, and the data collected have been

  12. Integrating Empirical Measures of Energy Efficiency into an Energy Modeling Framework 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyd, G.

    2006-01-01

    Measures of Energy Efficiency Into An Energy Modeling Framework Gale Boyd, Argonne National Laboratory Tools such as Data Envelopment Analysis and Stochastic Frontier Regressions provide a basis for empirical measures of efficiency. The definition... of efficiency these tools encompass can be as broadly defined as total factor productivity, or narrowly defined in terms of single inputs like energy. Given the ability to generate empirical measures of energy efficiency, the question is how to incorporate...

  13. Measuring and Managing Cleanroom Energy Use

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tschudi, William; Mills, Evan; Xu, Tenfang; Rumsey, Peter

    2005-11-15

    Combining high air-recirculation rates and energy-intensive processes, cleanrooms are 20 to 100 times as costly to operate on a per-square-foot basis as conventional commercial buildings. Additionally, they operate 24 hr a day, seven days a week, which means their electricity demand always is contributing to peak utility-system demand, an important fact given increasing reliance on time-dependent tariffs.

  14. Performance Measurement of MEAs | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankADVANCED MANUFACTURINGEnergy Bills andOrder 422.1, CONDUCT PDepartment ofPerformance Measurement of MEAs

  15. The Measurement of Free Energy by Monte Carlo Computer Simulation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Graham

    1996-01-01

    One of the most important problems in statistical mechanics is the measurement of free energies, these being the quantities that determine the direction of chemical reactions and--the concern of this thesis--the location ...

  16. Evaluation of Energy Conservation Measures by Model Simulation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giebler, T.; Liu, M.; Claridge, D. E.

    1998-01-01

    Numerous energy conservation measures are being implemented into the air handler units of today's commercial buildings. The economizer cycle has proven potential, and has become increasingly more common. Work has also been done demonstrating...

  17. Delayed neutron energy spectrum measurements of actinide waste isotopes 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Comfort, Christopher M.

    1998-01-01

    was irradiated using the Texas A&M Nuclear Science Center Reactor (NSCR). Three proton recoil detectors, operating individually, in conjunction with MCNP calculated response functions, were used to measure the delayed neutron energy spectra of each isotope...

  18. Causes and experiences of poverty among economic migrants in the UK

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heinke, Dietmar

    Causes and experiences of poverty among economic migrants in the UK Simon Pemberton, Jenny of poverty among economic migrants in the UK Simon Pemberton, Jenny Phillimore and David Robinson Abstract Poverty is an important driver of migration. Many people migrate to escape poverty. However, far less

  19. Standardization of Transport Properties Measurements: Internal Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankADVANCED MANUFACTURINGEnergy BillsNo.Hydrogen4EnergySolidof2Standard Method of TestStandard

  20. Property:CurrentMeasurement | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsourceIIInformationEnergyReportNumberCoolingTowerWaterUseWinterGrossCurrent

  1. Income and Beyond: Taking the Measure of Child Deprivation in the United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Salzman, Daniel

    not captured by more standard income poverty and material hardship measures. The paper concludes of deprivation . Poverty. Income Child Ind Res DOI 10.1007/s12187-014-9246-6 R. Ciula Italian Revenue Agency in Poverty, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027, USA e-mail: skinner@nccp.org Author's personal copy #12

  2. Perspective on Fusion Energy Presentation at TWAS-ARO Meeting Bibliotheca Alexandria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Los Angeles, University of

    (electricity ~ $1 trillion / yr) · The world energy use is growing - to lift people out of poverty, to improve

  3. Extrans - Permeation Measurement System - Energy Innovation Portal

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would like submitKansasCommunitiesofExtrans - Permeation Measurement System Y-12 National

  4. APEC Regional Workshop on Measurement Challenges in Renewable Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    on Energy Efficiency 09:30 - 09:45 New Developments in the Field of Primary Calibrations of Reference SolarAPEC Regional Workshop on Measurement Challenges in Renewable Energy and Climate Science APEC the umbrella of the APEC Policy Partnership in Science, Technology & Innovation (PPSTI) APEC PPSTI #12;Agenda

  5. A method for Fermi energy measurements A. Tsukernik,a)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luryi, Serge

    Aviv 69978, Israel S. Luryi State University of New York, Stony Brook, New York 11794-2350 H. Shtrikman if the barrier height is known . In this letter, a new method is proposed for the Fermi energy determinationA method for Fermi energy measurements A. Tsukernik,a) M. Slutzky, and A. Palevski School

  6. Energy Efficiency Measures to Incorporate into Remodeling Projects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liaukus, C.

    2014-12-01

    Energy improvements in a home are often approached as one concerted effort, beginning with a simple walk-through assessment or more in-depth energy audit and followed by the installation of recommended energy measures. While this approach allows for systems thinking to guide the efforts, comprehensive energy improvements of this nature are undertaken by a relatively small number of the households in our nation compared to more piecemeal remodeling efforts. Even when programs like the Weatherization Assistance Program and Home Performance with ENERGY STAR are considered, homes that have had a comprehensive energy makeover still represent a small fraction of the 111.1 million households. In this report, the U.S Department of Energy Building America Retrofit Alliance research team looks at the improvement of a home's energy performance in an opportunistic way: it examines what can be done to incorporate energy efficiency measures into general remodeling work and home repair projects. This allows for the possibility for people who would not normally pursue energy efficiency but will remodel their kitchen or re-side their home to improve their home's performance at the same time. There are challenges to this approach, not the least of which being that the work will take place over time in potentially many separate projects. The opportunity to improve a home's energy efficiency at one time expands or contracts with the scope of the remodel. As such, guidance on how to do each piece thoughtfully and with consideration for potential future projects, is critical.

  7. Secretary Chu Announces New Partnerships Under the Energy and...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    by developing clean energy resources, increasing energy security and reducing energy poverty. ECPA is part an innovative approach to regional partnerships that includes the...

  8. Analysis of Illinois Home Performance with ENERGY STAR® Measure Packages

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Baker, J.; Yee, S.; Brand, L.

    2013-09-01

    Through the Chicagoland Single Family Housing Characterization and Retrofit Prioritization report, the Partnership for Advanced Residential Retrofit research team characterized 15 housing types in the Chicagoland region based on assessor data, utility billing history, and available data from prior energy efficiency programs. Within these 15 groups, a subset showed the greatest opportunity for energy savings based on BEopt Version 1.1 modeling of potential energy efficiency package options and the percent of the housing stock represented by each group. In this project, collected field data from a whole-home program in Illinois are utilized to compare marketplace-installed measures to the energy saving optimal packages previously developed for the 15 housing types. Housing type, conditions, energy efficiency measures installed, and retrofit cost information were collected from 19 homes that participated in the Illinois Home Performance with ENERGY STAR program in 2012, representing eight of the characterized housing groups. Two were selected for further case study analysis to provide an illustration of the differences between optimal and actually installed measures. Taken together, these homes are representative of 34.8% of the Chicagoland residential building stock. In one instance, actual installed measures closely matched optimal recommended measures.

  9. 14.73 The Challenge of World Poverty, Fall 2009

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Donaldson, Dave

    This is a course for those who are interested in the challenge posed by massive and persistent world poverty, and are hopeful that economists might have something useful to say about this challenge. The questions we will ...

  10. International Event on Wellbeing, Inequality and Poverty in Europe (WIPE)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilardi, Gianni

    International Event on Wellbeing, Inequality and Poverty in Europe (WIPE) November, 2628, 2015: a European policy proposal 11.15 ­ 12.30 Presentation of the proposals about a policy for Europe

  11. Energy and Water Conservation Measures for Hanford (2013)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Reid, Douglas J.; Butner, Ryan S.

    2013-04-01

    Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) performed an energy and water evaluation of selected buildings on the Hanford Site during the months of May and June 2012. The audit was performed under the direction of the U.S. Department of Energy, Sustainability Performance Office to identify key energy conservation measures (ECMs) and water conservation measures (WCMs). The evaluations consisted of on-site facility walk-throughs conducted by PNNL staff, interviews with building-operating personnel, and an examination of building designs and layouts. Information on 38 buildings was collected to develop a list of energy and water conservation measures. Table ES.1 is a summary of the ECMs, while table ES.2 is a summary of the WCMs.

  12. Near-equilibrium measurements of nonequilibrium free energy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Crooks, Gavin

    2012-04-09

    A central endeavor of thermodynamics is the measurement of free energy changes. Regrettably, although we can measure the free energy of a system in thermodynamic equilibrium, typically all we can say about the free energy of a nonequilibrium ensemble is that it is larger than that of the same system at equilibrium. Herein, we derive a formally exact expression for the probability distribution of a driven system, which involves path ensemble averages of the work over trajectories of the time-reversed system. From this we find a simple near-equilibrium approximation for the free energy in terms of an excess mean time-reversed work, which can be experimentally measured on real systems. With analysis and computer simulation, we demonstrate the accuracy of our approximations for several simple models.

  13. Renewable Energy and the International Performance Measurement and Verification Protocol

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Walker, A.; Thompson, A.; Mills, D.; Kats, G. H.

    1999-04-14

    The Renewables Subcommittee for the International Performance Measurement and Verification Protocol (IPMVP) is developing a section of the IPMVP treating the special issues related to performance measurement of renewable energy systems. An industry consensus framework for measuring project benefits is important in realizing the promise of renewable energy. This work represents a voluntary, consensus-building process among sponsoring organizations from 21 countries and several disciplines. Measurement and Verification (M&V) can provide a common tool for standardization to support performance-based contracting, financing, and emissions trading. M&V can ensure that savings and generation requirements in energy projects will be achieved accurately and objectively. The protocol defines procedures that are consistently applicable to similar projects, internationally accepted, and reliable. Actual M&V project results can demonstrate success and provide developers, investors, lenders, and customers with more confidence in the value of future projects.

  14. Renewable energy and the International Performance Measurement and Verification Protocol

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Walker, A.; Thompson, A.; Mills, D.; Kats, G.H.

    1999-07-01

    The Renewables Subcommittee for the International Performance Measurement and Verification Protocol (IPMVP) is developing a section of the IPMVP treating the special issues related to performance measurement of renewable energy systems. An industry consensus framework for measuring project benefits is important in realizing the promise of renewable energy. This work represents a voluntary, consensus-building process among sponsoring organizations from 21 countries and several disciplines. Measurement and Verification (M and V) can provide a common tool for standardization to support performance-based contracting, financing, and emissions trading. M and V can ensure that savings and generation requirements in energy projects will be achieved accurately and objectively. The protocol defines procedures that are consistently applicable to similar projects, internationally accepted, and reliable. Actual M and V project results can demonstrate success and provide developers, investors, lenders, and customers with more confidence in the value of future projects.

  15. Wind Measurement Buoy Advances Offshore Wind Energy | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels DataEnergy Webinar: Demonstration of NREL's BioEnergyWildlifeYou are

  16. Quantitative Comparison of Measured Plasma Sheet Electron Energy Flux and Remotely Sensed Auroral Electron Energy Flux

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fillingim, Matthew

    Electron Energy Flux M. O. Fillingim1, (matt@ess.washington.edu), G. K. Parks2, D. Chua1, G. A. Germany3, R intensity ~ precipitating electron energy flux Peak energy flux "near" WIND fQuantitative Comparison of Measured Plasma Sheet Electron Energy Flux and Remotely Sensed Auroral

  17. Energy Efficiency Measures to Incorporate into Remodeling Projects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liaukus, C.

    2014-12-01

    Energy improvements in a home are often approached as one concerted effort, beginning with a simple walk-through assessment or more in-depth energy audit and followed by the installation of recommended energy measures. While this approach allows for systems thinking to guide the efforts, comprehensive energy improvements of this nature are undertaken by a relatively small number of U.S. households compared to piecemeal remodeling efforts. In this report, the U.S Department of Energy Building America Retrofit Alliance research team examines the improvement of a home’s energy performance in an opportunistic way by examining what can be done to incorporate energy efficiency measures into general remodeling work and home repair projects. This allows for energy efficiency upgrades to occur at the same time as remodeling proejcts. There are challenges to this approach, not the least of which being that the work will take place over time in potentially many separate projects. The opportunity to improve a home’s energy efficiency at one time expands or contracts with the scope of the remodel. As such, guidance on how to do each piece thoughtfully and with consideration for potential future projects, is critical.

  18. MEASURED ENERGY PERFORMANCE OF ENERGY-EFFICIENT NEW COMMERCIAL BUILDINGS: RESULTS FROM THE BECA-CN DATA COMPILATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Piette, M.A.

    2010-01-01

    owners to share energy consumption data. In the future wecompare BECA-CN to energy consumption data for conventionalABSTRACT Measured energy consumption data have been compiled

  19. High-Energy Laser Diagnostics (HELD) for the Measurement of Diesel...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    High-Energy Laser Diagnostics (HELD) for the Measurement of Diesel Particulate Matter High-Energy Laser Diagnostics (HELD) for the Measurement of Diesel Particulate Matter 2004...

  20. Investigation of errors in the measurement of radiant energy for correlation with primary productivity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tyler, John E

    1967-01-01

    metric measurement for correlation with primary productivityMEASUREMENT OF RADIANT ENERGY FOR CORRELATION WITH PRIMARY PRODUCTIVITYMEASUREMENT OF RADIANT ENERGY FOR CORRELATION WITH PRIMARY PRODUCTIVITY.

  1. Quantum algorithm for universal implementation of projective measurement of energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shojun Nakayama; Akihito Soeda; Mio Murao

    2015-04-14

    A projective measurement of energy (PME) on a quantum system is a quantum measurement, determined by the Hamiltonian of the system. PME protocols exist when the Hamiltonian is given in advance. Unknown Hamiltonians can be identified by quantum tomography, but the time cost to achieve a given accuracy increases exponentially with the size of the quantum system. In this letter, we improve the time cost by adapting quantum phase estimation, an algorithm designed for computational problems, to measurements on physical systems. We present a PME protocol without quantum tomography for Hamiltonians whose dimension and energy scale are given but otherwise unknown. Our protocol implements a PME to arbitrary accuracy without any dimension dependence on its time cost. We also show that another computational quantum algorithm may be used for efficient estimation of the energy scale. These algorithms show that computational quantum algorithms have applications beyond their original context with suitable modifications.

  2. Surface Energy Balance Measurements Above an Exurban Residential Neighbourhood of Kansas City, Missouri

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Balogun, Ahmed A.; Adegoke, Jimmy O.; Vezhapparambu, Sajith; Mauder, Matthias; McFadden, Joseph P.; Gallo, Kevin

    2009-01-01

    ARTICLE Surface Energy Balance Measurements Above an Exurbanmeasurements of urban energy balances generally have beenuxes · Urban surface energy balance 1 Introduction Rapid

  3. Surface Energy Balance Measurements Above an Exurban Residential Neighbourhood of Kansas City, Missouri

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Balogun, Ahmed A.; Adegoke, Jimmy O.; Vezhapparambu, Sajith; Mauder, Matthias; McFadden, Joseph P.; Gallo, Kevin

    2009-01-01

    9421-3 ARTICLE Surface Energy Balance Measurements Above anmeasurements of urban energy balances generally have beenuxes · Urban surface energy balance 1 Introduction Rapid

  4. IOP PUBLISHING and INTERNATIONAL ATOMIC ENERGY AGENCY NUCLEAR FUSION Nucl. Fusion 50 (2010) 014005 (5pp) doi:10.1088/0029-5515/50/1/014005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2010-01-01

    the world out of poverty. At the moment, 80% of world energy is generated by burning fossil fuels which

  5. Improving energy efficiency via smart building energy management systems. A comparison with policy measures

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Rocha, Paula; Siddiqui, Afzal; Stadler, Michael

    2014-12-09

    To foster the transition to more sustainable energy systems, policymakers have been approving measures to improve energy efficiency as well as promoting smart grids. In this setting, building managers are encouraged to adapt their energy operations to real-time market and weather conditions. Yet, most fail to do so as they rely on conventional building energy management systems (BEMS) that have static temperature set points for heating and cooling equipment. In this paper, we investigate how effective policy measures are at improving building-level energy efficiency compared to a smart BEMS with dynamic temperature set points. To this end, we present anmore »integrated optimisation model mimicking the smart BEMS that combines decisions on heating and cooling systems operations with decisions on energy sourcing. Using data from an Austrian and a Spanish building, we find that the smart BEMS results in greater reduction in energy consumption than a conventional BEMS with policy measures.« less

  6. Improving energy efficiency via smart building energy management systems. A comparison with policy measures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rocha, Paula; Siddiqui, Afzal; Stadler, Michael

    2014-12-09

    To foster the transition to more sustainable energy systems, policymakers have been approving measures to improve energy efficiency as well as promoting smart grids. In this setting, building managers are encouraged to adapt their energy operations to real-time market and weather conditions. Yet, most fail to do so as they rely on conventional building energy management systems (BEMS) that have static temperature set points for heating and cooling equipment. In this paper, we investigate how effective policy measures are at improving building-level energy efficiency compared to a smart BEMS with dynamic temperature set points. To this end, we present an integrated optimisation model mimicking the smart BEMS that combines decisions on heating and cooling systems operations with decisions on energy sourcing. Using data from an Austrian and a Spanish building, we find that the smart BEMS results in greater reduction in energy consumption than a conventional BEMS with policy measures.

  7. Towards Energy Consumption Measurement in a Cloud Computing Wireless Testbed

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Braun, Torsten

    systems such as Long Term Evolution (LTE), Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access (WiTowards Energy Consumption Measurement in a Cloud Computing Wireless Testbed Vitor Bernardo, Marilia Curado Center for Informatics and Systems University of Coimbra Polo II, Pinhal de Marrocos, 3030

  8. NIST Measurement Services: cw Laser Power and Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . As an agency of the U.S. Commerce Department's Technology Administration, NIST conducts basic and appliedNIST Measurement Services: cw Laser Power and Energy Calibrations at NIST NIST Special Publication and Technology was established in 1988 by Congress to "assist industry in the development of technology

  9. A Methodology to Measure Retrofit Energy Savings in Commercial Buildings 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kissock, John Kelly

    2008-01-16

    analysis of constant-air-volume and variable-air-volume HVAC systems. One, two, three and four parameter, temperature-dependent regression models are proposed to model baseline energy use. Retrofit savings are measured as the difference between the baseline...

  10. Energy-Time Uncertainty Relations in Quantum Measurements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Takayuki Miyadera

    2015-05-14

    Quantum measurement is a physical process. A system and an apparatus interact for a certain time period (measurement time). During this interaction, information of an observable is transferred from the system to the apparatus. In this study, we study the amount of energy fluctuation of the apparatus that is required for this physical process to occur. To do so, the interface between the quantum and classical worlds ("Heisenberg cut") must be carefully chosen so that the quantum side is large enough to autonomously switch on the interaction. At this setting we prove that a trade-off relation (energy-time uncertainty relation) holds between the energy fluctuation of the apparatus and the measurement time. We use this trade-off relation to discuss the spacetime uncertainty relation questioning the operational meaning of the microscopic structure of spacetime. In addition, we derive another trade-off inequality between the measurement time and the strength of interaction between the system and the apparatus. The larger the information carried by an observable to be measured, the stronger restriction the trade-off relations give.

  11. State and Local Energy Savings Performance Contracting: Savings Measurement and Verification (M&V)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    State and Local Energy Savings Performance Contracting: Savings Measurement and Verification (M&V) Webinar.

  12. Energy Savings Performance Contracting-Savings Measurement and Verification Transcript 2-24-2011.doc

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Energy Savings Performance Contracting-Savings Measurement and Verification Transcript 2-24-2011.doc

  13. Developing an Evaluation Measurement and Verification Plan for Your Energy Efficiency Project/Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Developing an Evaluation Measurement and Verification Plan for Your Energy Efficiency Project/Program

  14. Modelling Neutral Particle Analyzer Measurements of High Energy Fusion Alpha-Particle Distributions in JET

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Modelling Neutral Particle Analyzer Measurements of High Energy Fusion Alpha-Particle Distributions in JET

  15. Can a galaxy redshift survey measure dark energy clustering?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Masahiro Takada

    2006-08-23

    (abridged) A wide-field galaxy redshift survey allows one to probe galaxy clustering at largest spatial scales, which carries an invaluable information on horizon-scale physics complementarily to the cosmic microwave background (CMB). Assuming the planned survey consisting of z~1 and z~3 surveys with areas of 2000 and 300 square degrees, respectively, we study the prospects for probing dark energy clustering from the measured galaxy power spectrum, assuming the dynamical properties of dark energy are specified in terms of the equation of state and the effective sound speed c_e in the context of an adiabatic cold dark matter dominated model. The dark energy clustering adds a power to the galaxy power spectrum amplitude at spatial scales greater than the sound horizon, and the enhancement is sensitive to redshift evolution of the net dark energy density, i.e. the equation of state. We find that the galaxy survey, when combined with Planck, can distinguish dark energy clustering from a smooth dark energy model such as the quintessence model (c_e=1), when c_edark energy clustering and the non-relativistic neutrinos implied from the neutrino oscillation experiments, because the two effects both induce a scale-dependent modification in the galaxy power spectrum shape at largest spatial scales accessible from the galaxy survey. It is shown that a wider redshift coverage can efficiently separate the two effects by utilizing the different redshift dependences, where dark energy clustering is apparent only at low redshifts z<1.

  16. Measurement of the nucleon structure function using high energy muons

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Meyers, P.D.

    1983-12-01

    We have measured the inclusive deep inelastic scattering of muons on nucleons in iron using beams of 93 and 215 GeV muons. To perform this measurement, we have built and operated the Multimuon Spectrometer (MMS) in the muon beam at Fermilab. The MMS is a magnetized iron target/spectrometer/calorimeter which provides 5.61 kg/cm/sup 2/ of target, 9% momentum resolution on scattered muons, and a direct measure of total hadronic energy with resolution sigma/sub nu/ = 1.4..sqrt..nu(GeV). In the distributed target, the average beam energies at the interaction are 88.0 and 209 GeV. Using the known form of the radiatively-corrected electromagnetic cross section, we extract the structure function F/sub 2/(x,Q/sup 2/) with a typical precision of 2% over the range 5 < Q/sup 2/ < 200 GeV/sup 2//c/sup 2/. We compare our measurements to the predictions of lowest order quantum chromodynamics (QCD) and find a best fit value of the QCD scale parameter ..lambda../sub LO/ = 230 +- 40/sup stat/ +- 80/sup syst/ MeV/c, assuming R = 0 and without applying Fermi motion corrections. Comparing the cross sections at the two beam energies, we measure R = -0.06 +- 0.06/sup stat/ +- 0.11/sup syst/. Our measurements show qualitative agreement with QCD, but quantitative comparison is hampered by phenomenological uncertainties. The experimental situation is quite good, with substantial agreement between our measurements and those of others. 86 references.

  17. Energy for Poverty Reduction and Sustainable Development: UNDP Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EA Jump to:of theClimateElgin,WindMap: Name:Data.gov and

  18. Alleviating energy poverty for the world's poor | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EAand DaltonSolarOpen5All Home > AllOhio ASHRAEInformationNew

  19. Solar Energy: Impacts & Management MeasuresSolar Energy: Impacts & Management Measures Vasilis Fthenakis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ohta, Shigemi

    .pv.bnl.gov www.clca.columbia.edu #12;2 OutlineOutline Photovoltaics status & potential Life-cycle environmental impacts & comparisons with other power generation · Energy use · Emissions · Land use · Endangered species Environmental Impact Resource Availability #12;9 Affordability - Cost Reductions Prices and Production Costs

  20. Why Are Some Workers Poor? The Mechanisms that Produce Working Poverty in a Comparative Perspective 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crettaz, Eric; Bonoli, Giuliano

    2010-01-01

    The objective of this article is to distinguish between different types of working poverty, on the basis of the mechanisms that produce it. Whereas the poverty literature identifies a myriad of risk factors and of categories ...

  1. Asset-based poverty analysis in rural Bangladesh: A comparison of principal component analysis and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mound, Jon

    1 Asset-based poverty analysis in rural Bangladesh: A comparison of principal component analysis Bangladesh: A comparison of principal component analysis and fuzzy set theory © Sonia Ferdous Hoque, 2014-based poverty analysis in Bangladesh ........................................... 17 Discussion

  2. The fate of the poor in growing mineral and energy economies$ Graham A. Davis a,n

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012 JEL classification: C33 C35 O13 O50 Q33 Keywords: Pro-poor growth Mining Energy Poverty Inequality consequence of the mining sector's success. Curry (1987, p. 1). Mining can contribute to poverty reduction

  3. The Queerly Disadvantaged and the Making of San Francisco's War on Poverty, 1964-1967

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meeker, Martin Dennis

    2012-01-01

    Coal-Fired Reforms”; many cite the influence of Michael Harrington’s study of Appalachian poverty, The Other America:

  4. System Energy Assessment (SEA), Defining a Standard Measure of EROI for Energy Businesses as Whole Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Henshaw, Philip F; Zarnikau, Jay

    2011-01-01

    A more objective method for measuring the energy needs of businesses, System Energy Assessment (SEA), identifies the natural boundaries of businesses as self-managing net-energy systems, of controlled and self-managing parts. The method is demonstrated using a model Wind Farm case study, and applied to defining a true physical measure of its energy productivity for society (EROI-S), the global ratio of energy produced to energy cost. The traceable needs of business technology are combined with assignable energy needs for all other operating services. That serves to correct a large natural gap in energy use information. Current methods count traceable energy receipts for technology use. Self-managing services employed by businesses outsource their own energy needs to operate, and leave no records to trace. Those uncounted energy demands are often 80% of the total embodied energy of business end products. The scale of this "dark energy" was discovered from differing global accounts, and corrected so the average...

  5. Possible Measurable Effects of Dark Energy in Rotating Superconductors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clovis Jacinto de Matos; Christian Beck

    2007-07-12

    We discuss recent laboratory experiments with rotating superconductors and show that three so far unexplained experimentally observed effects (anomalous acceleration signals, anomalous gyroscope signals, Cooper pair mass excess) can be physically explained in terms of a possible interaction of dark energy with Cooper pairs. Our approach is based on a Ginzburg-Landau-like model of electromagnetic dark energy, where gravitationally active photons obtain mass in the superconductor. We show that this model can account simultaneously for the anomalous acceleration and anomalous gravitomagnetic fields around rotating superconductors measured by Tajmar et al. and for the anomalous Cooper pair mass in superconductive Niobium, measured by Cabrera and Tate. It is argued that these three different physical effects are ultimately different experimental manifestations of the simultaneous spontaneous breaking of gauge invariance, and of the principle of general covariance in superconductive materials.

  6. PAMELA's Measurements of Magnetospheric Effects on High Energy Solar Particles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adriani, O; Bazilevskaya, G A; Bellotti, R; Boezio, M; Bogomolov, E A; Bongi, M; Bonvicini, V; Bottai, S; Bravar, U; Bruno, A; Cafagna, F; Campana, D; Carbone, R; Carlson, P; Casolino, M; Castellini, G; Christian, E C; De Donato, C; de Nolfo, G A; De Santis, C; De Simone, N; Di Felice, V; Formato, V; Galper, A M; Karelin, A V; Koldashov, S V; Koldobskiy, S; Krutkov, S Y; Kvashnin, A N; Lee, M; Leonov, A; Malakhov, V; Marcelli, L; Martucci, M; Mayorov, A G; Menn, W; Mergé, M; Mikhailov, V V; Mocchiutti, E; Monaco, A; Mori, N; Munini, R; Osteria, G; Palma, F; Panico, B; Papini, P; Pearce, M; Picozza, P; Ricci, M; Ricciarini, S B; Ryan, J M; Sarkar, R; Scotti, V; Simon, M; Sparvoli, R; Spillantini, P; Stochaj, S; Stozhkov, Y I; Thakur, N; Vacchi, A; Vannuccini, E; Vasilyev, G I; Voronov, S A; Yurkin, Y T; Zampa, G; Zampa, N

    2015-01-01

    The nature of particle acceleration at the Sun, whether through flare reconnection processes or through shocks driven by coronal mass ejections (CMEs), is still under scrutiny despite decades of research. The measured properties of solar energetic particles (SEPs) have long been modeled in different particle-acceleration scenarios. The challenge has been to disentangle to the effects of transport from those of acceleration. The Payload for Antimatter Matter Exploration and Light-nuclei Astrophysics (PAMELA) instrument, enables unique observations of SEPs including composition and the angular distribution of the particles about the magnetic field, i.e. pitch angle distribution, over a broad energy range (>80 MeV) -- bridging a critical gap between space-based measurements and ground-based. We present high-energy SEP data from PAMELA acquired during the 2012 May 17 SEP event. These data exhibit differential anisotropies and thus transport features over the instrument rigidity range. SEP protons exhibit two dist...

  7. WATER POVERTY IN THE PERI-URBAN TERRITORIES OF MUMBAI, INDIA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 WATER POVERTY IN THE PERI-URBAN TERRITORIES OF MUMBAI, INDIA Anastasia Angueletou Ph.D. student addresses water poverty in the peri-urban areas of Mumbai1 . The term "water poverty" refers to a variety of situations where people lack from sufficient water in terms of quality and quantity or from enough money

  8. Indirect Evidence and the Poverty of the Stimulus: The Case of Anaphoric One

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Regier, Terry

    Indirect Evidence and the Poverty of the Stimulus: The Case of Anaphoric One Stephani Foraker this latter view by showing that a Bayesian model can learn a standard "poverty-of-stimulus" example knowledge may itself be acquired without linguistic constraints. Keywords: language acquisition; poverty

  9. The effects of healthcare provisions on the 4X poverty population In the United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 The effects of healthcare provisions on the 4X poverty population In the United States Kathleen M contained in this document are those of the authors. #12;2 Keywords: 4x poverty, health care, taxpayers #12 to households at or below 400 percent of the federal poverty threshold. To be eligible to receive

  10. Summer Jobs for Undergraduates: Campaigns to defend human rights, fight poverty, and conserve our natural spaces!

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patel, Aniruddh D.

    Summer Jobs for Undergraduates: Campaigns to defend human rights, fight poverty, and conserve our to hunger and poverty to social injustices and human rights abuses. The reality is that it doesn't have serious issues such as equal rights, global poverty and the environment this could be a great opportunity

  11. Indirect Evidence and the Poverty of the Stimulus: The Case of Anaphoric One

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Regier, Terry

    Indirect Evidence and the Poverty of the Stimulus: The Case of Anaphoric One Stephani Foraker learn a standard poverty-of-stimulus example, anaphoric one, from realistic input by relying on indirect constraints. Keywords: Language acquisition; Poverty of the stimulus; Indirect evidence; Bayesian learning

  12. More Indian River residents living below poverty level, Census report says

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Eduardo

    More Indian River residents living below poverty level, Census report says By Keona Gardner Thursday, September 22, 2011 INDIAN RIVER COUNTY -- The county's poverty level is at a three-year high had 14.6 percent of its residents living below the poverty level, compared with 9.5 percent in 2007

  13. Learnability and the Statistical Structure of Language: Poverty of Stimulus Arguments Revisited

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elman, Jeff

    Learnability and the Statistical Structure of Language: Poverty of Stimulus Arguments Revisited poverty of stimulus arguments under those theoretical assumptions. This paper illustrates this by showing that the "parade case of an innate con- straint" (Crain, 1991) i.e., Chomsky's (1975) poverty of stimulus argument

  14. Revised October 9, 2006 Poverty and Economic Growth: The Impact of Population Dynamics and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Tsuhan

    Revised October 9, 2006 Poverty and Economic Growth: The Impact of Population Dynamics Distribution and Poverty: A Micro Survey of Interrelationships Ali A. Ali, Arab Planning Institute Kuwait 09:50 ­ 10:10 hrs Demographic Transitions: Poverty and Growth Experiences of Selected Countries in Africa

  15. South Florida Sun-Sentinel.com Poverty rate soars among S. Florida kids

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Eduardo

    South Florida Sun-Sentinel.com Poverty rate soars among S. Florida kids By Donna Gehrke-White, Dana Williams and Cara Fitzpatrick, Staff writers 4:19 AM EST, November 30, 2011 The poverty rate for school in poverty, the Census Bureau reported Tuesday. In Miami-Dade, nearly one in four children fall below

  16. Poverty among refugees and asylum seekers in An evidence and policy review

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heinke, Dietmar

    Poverty among refugees and asylum seekers in the UK An evidence and policy review Jennifer Allsopp UK www.birmingham.ac.uk/iris #12;3 | IRIS WORKING PAPER SERIES NO.1/2014 Poverty among refugees Phillimore Abstract This Working Paper reviews evidence on the relationship between poverty and refugees

  17. Pushing Working Families into Poverty: Assessing the New Haven Plan to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    Pushing Working Families into Poverty: Assessing the New Haven Plan to Privatize the Public Schools, Amherst March 2011 #12;Pushing Working Families into Poverty: Assessing the New Haven Plan to Privatize Working Families into Poverty March 2011 Page 1 of 24 SUMMARY The City of New Haven is considering

  18. Efficient Dynamic Contracts: Enabling A Poor borrower To Get Out of Poverty Trap

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bandyopadhyay, Antar

    of poverty trap is synonymous to getting loan from the formal sector. The MFI discipline the borrower to saveEfficient Dynamic Contracts: Enabling A Poor borrower To Get Out of Poverty Trap Dyotona Dasgupta, New Delhi 110016, India Keywords: Dynamic Contracts, Progressive Lending, Collateral, Poverty Trap

  19. The relationship between poverty and deprivation, educational attainment and positive school leaver

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guo, Zaoyang

    1 The relationship between poverty and deprivation, educational attainment and positive school leaver destinations in Glasgow Secondary schools ABSTRACT The impact of poverty and deprivation-2009. The project aimed to establish an association between poverty and deprivation and attainment in public

  20. An Assessment of the Effectiveness Of Anti-Poverty Programs in the United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Niebur, Ernst

    the programs reduced work, saving, or human capital investment? If so, should the poverty-reducing impactsAn Assessment of the Effectiveness Of Anti-Poverty Programs in the United States Yonatan Ben of Poverty. The authors would like to Janet Currie, Eric French, and Philip Jefferson for comments and Hsueh

  1. Volume 1, Issue 2 2009 Article 5 Effectiveness of Poverty Reduction in the EU: A Descriptive

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Galis, Frietson

    Volume 1, Issue 2 · 2009 · Article 5 Effectiveness of Poverty Reduction in the EU: A Descriptive Organization Caminada, Koen and Goudswaard, Kees (2009) "Effectiveness of Poverty Reduction in the EU: A Descriptive Analysis," Poverty & Public Policy: Vol. 1: Iss. 2, Article 5. Available at: http

  2. Labour's Record on Cash Transfers, Poverty, Inequality and the Lifecycle 1997 -2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Banaji,. Murad

    Labour's Record on Cash Transfers, Poverty, Inequality and the Lifecycle 1997 - 2010 John Hills changes in the UK since 2007, particularly their impact on the distribution of wealth, poverty, income, charting their approach and assessing their impact on the distribution of outcomes and on poverty

  3. INVESTING IN HEALTH FOR ECONOMIC GROWTH AND POVERTY REDUCTION: New perspectives and opportunities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Klein, Ophir

    W2 2 MI F H 6 0 h PROGRAMME INVESTING IN HEALTH FOR ECONOMIC GROWTH AND POVERTY REDUCTION: New, and an increasingly complex developmental agenda that emphasizes debt and poverty reduction as a means to promote; integrating new health initiatives into a broader poverty reduction and development framework; and resolving

  4. SERIE ETUDES ET DOCUMENTS DU CERDI SOCIAL PROTECTION FOR POVERTY REDUCTION IN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    SERIE ETUDES ET DOCUMENTS DU CERDI SOCIAL PROTECTION FOR POVERTY REDUCTION IN TIMES OF CRISIS Kossi on social spending compiled thus far, and the unique cross-country database on poverty to explore the poverty-reducing role of social protection during financial crises. Using advan- ced panel data techniques

  5. "To Have and Have Not" Migration, Remittances, Poverty and Inequality in Algeria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    1 "To Have and Have Not" Migration, Remittances, Poverty and Inequality in Algeria David Margolis in Idjeur being twice as large as Nedroma. At the same time, they help reduce poverty by nearly 13 that the latter do not send money home. Keywords: Remittances, Migration, Poverty, Inequality, Algeria

  6. Escaping Information Poverty through Internet Newsgroups Laura Hasler and Ian Ruthven

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Strathclyde, University of

    Escaping Information Poverty through Internet Newsgroups Laura Hasler and Ian Ruthven University to escape situations of information poverty. We consider posts from a variety of newsgroups which indicate for those who feel they have no local support available to them. 1. Introduction Information poverty

  7. Implementation and Rejection of Industrial Steam System Energy Efficiency Measures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Therkelesen, Peter

    2014-01-01

    Energy  Use   and  Energy  Efficiency  Improvement  Summer   Study  on  Energy  Efficiency  in  Industry.  Summer  Study  on  Energy  Efficiency  in  Industry.  

  8. Review of Evaluation, Measurement and Verification Approaches Used to Estimate the Load Impacts and Effectiveness of Energy Efficiency Programs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Messenger, Mike

    2010-01-01

    transportation) Energy Efficiency Resource Standard U.S. Energy Information Administration Evaluation, measurement,

  9. A methdology for baselining the energy use at large campus utility plants for the purpose of measuring energy savings from energy conservation retrofits 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beasley, Rodney Craig

    1999-01-01

    The development of the energy services industry and the implementation of energy savings retrofits by energy services companies has increased the focus on the performance of energy saving retrofits. Energy savings measurement, though not an exact...

  10. MEASURING AND EXPRESSING THE PERFORMANCE OF ENERGY STORAGE SYSTEMS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schoenwald, David; Conover, David R.

    2013-12-03

    Until late 2012, there was no uniform methodology to measure and express the performance of energy storage systems (ESS). A void in this area can affect the acceptance of ESS in the marketplace because different systems cannot be equitably compared and ESS cost-benefit analysis may be challenging due to a lack of verified and relevant ESS performance. The lack of such criteria also furthers the probability that each ESS customer or user will make up their own; necessitating “custom validation” to a unique set of criteria each time an ESS is to be considered or installed. To address this need and foster the acceptance of ESS, the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Energy Storage Systems Program facilitated the development of a protocol to measure and express ESS performance and is supporting its updating, enhancement and use in formal consensus standards development. Of particular interest is the development of the document through an open and transparent process that saved considerable time.

  11. Linac4 low energy beam measurements with negative hydrogen ions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Scrivens, R., E-mail: richard.scrivens@cern.ch; Bellodi, G.; Crettiez, O.; Dimov, V.; Gerard, D.; Granemann Souza, E.; Guida, R.; Hansen, J.; Lallement, J.-B.; Lettry, J.; Lombardi, A.; Midttun, Ø.; Pasquino, C.; Raich, U.; Riffaud, B.; Roncarolo, F.; Valerio-Lizarraga, C. A.; Wallner, J.; Yarmohammadi Satri, M.; Zickler, T. [CERN, 1211 Geneva 23 (Switzerland)] [CERN, 1211 Geneva 23 (Switzerland)

    2014-02-15

    Linac4, a 160 MeV normal-conducting H{sup ?} linear accelerator, is the first step in the upgrade of the beam intensity available from the LHC proton injectors at CERN. The Linac4 Low Energy Beam Transport (LEBT) line from the pulsed 2 MHz RF driven ion source, to the 352 MHz RFQ (Radiofrequency Quadrupole) has been built and installed at a test stand, and has been used to transport and match to the RFQ a pulsed 14 mA H{sup ?} beam at 45 keV. A temporary slit-and-grid emittance measurement system has been put in place to characterize the beam delivered to the RFQ. In this paper a description of the LEBT and its beam diagnostics is given, and the results of beam emittance measurements and beam transmission measurements through the RFQ are compared with the expectation from simulations.

  12. A Framework for Comparative Assessments of Energy Efficiency Policy Measures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blum, Helcio

    2012-01-01

    and the Interstate Renewable Energy Council (IREC). Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy. Washington, DC, USA. Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy. Washington, DC, USA. <

  13. Energy Indicators for Sustainable Development: Guidelines and...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Some indicators focus on the delivery of essential energy services for reducing poverty and improving living conditions, while other indicators focus on environmental...

  14. Review of Evaluation, Measurement and Verification Approaches Used to Estimate the Load Impacts and Effectiveness of Energy Efficiency Programs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Messenger, Mike

    2010-01-01

    energy efficiency measures; ? Average Savings at the end useante savings estimates for energy efficiency measures. Thesedeemed savings values for specific efficiency measures or

  15. Potential environmental effects of energy conservation measures in northwest industries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Baechler, M C; Gygi, K F; Hendrickson, P L

    1992-01-01

    The Bonneville Power Administration (Bonneville) has identified 101 plants in the Pacific Northwest that account for 80% of the region's industrial electricity consumption. These plants offer a precise target for a conservation program. PNL determined that most of these 101 plants were represented by 11 major industries. We then reviewed 36 major conservation technologies used in these 11 industrial settings to determine their potential environmental impacts. Energy efficiency technologies designed for industrial use may result in direct or indirect environmental impacts. Effects may result from the production of the conservation measure technology, changes in the working environment due to different energy and material requirements, or changes to waste streams. Industry type, work-place conditions, worker training, and environmental conditions inside and outside the plant are all key variables that may affect environmental outcomes. To address these issues this report has three objectives: Describe potential conservation measures that Bonneville may employ in industrial programs and discuss potential primary impacts. Characterize industrial systems and processes where the measure may be employed and describe general environmental issues associated with each industry type. Review environmental permitting, licensing, and other regulatory actions required for industries and summarize the type of information available from these sources for further analysis.

  16. Neutron emission profiles and energy spectra measurements at JET

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Giacomelli, L.; Conroy, S.; Belli, F.; Riva, M.; Gorini, G.; Horton, L.; Joffrin, E.; Lerche, E.; Murari, A.; Popovichev, S.; Syme, B.; Collaboration: JET EFDA Contributors

    2014-08-21

    The Joint European Toras (JET, Culham, UK) is the largest tokamak in the world. It is devoted to nuclear fusion experiments of magnetic confined Deuterium (D) or Deuterium-Tritium (DT) plasmas. JET has been upgraded over the years and recently it has also become a test facility of the components designed for ITER, the next step fusion machine under construction in Cadarache (France). JET makes use of many different diagnostics to measure the physical quantities of interest in plasma experiments. Concerning D or DT plasmas neutron production, various types of detectors are implemented to provide information upon the neutron total yield, emission profile and energy spectrum. The neutron emission profile emitted from the JET plasma poloidal section is reconstructed using the neutron camera (KN3). In 2010 KN3 was equipped with a new digital data acquisition system capable of high rate neutron measurements (<0.5 MCps). A similar instrument will be implemented on ITER and it is currently in its design phase. Various types of neutron spectrometers with different view lines are also operational on JET. One of them is a new compact spectrometer (KM12) based on organic liquid scintillating material which was installed in 2010 and implements a similar digital data acquisition system as for KN3. This article illustrates the measurement results of KN3 neutron emission profiles and KM 12 neutron energy spectra from the latest JET D experimental campaign C31.

  17. DEMAND SIDE ENERGY MANAGEMENT AND CONSERVATION PROGRAM Measurement and Verification Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hofmann, Hans A.

    DEMAND SIDE ENERGY MANAGEMENT AND CONSERVATION PROGRAM Measurement and Verification Program 4&V deliverables requested here meet the Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) intent for a "Post- Installation

  18. Implementation and Rejection of Industrial Steam System Energy Efficiency Measures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Therkelesen, Peter

    2014-01-01

    ISO  50001  Energy  management  systems  –  Requirements  ISO   50001   -­?Energy   management   system   standard,  energy   management   system,   such   as   ISO   50001,  

  19. Low energy ion distribution measurements in Madison Symmetric Torus plasmas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Titus, J. B., E-mail: jtitus@cepast.famu.edu; Mezonlin, E. D. [Florida A and M University, Tallahassee, Florida 32310 (United States); Johnson, J. A. [Pyramid Plasmas LLC, Lawrenceville, Georgia 30043 (United States)

    2014-06-15

    Charge-exchange neutrals contain information about the contents of a plasma and can be detected as they escape confinement. The Florida A and M University compact neutral particle analyzer (CNPA), used to measure the contents of neutral particle flux, has been reconfigured, calibrated, and installed on the Madison Symmetric Torus (MST) for high temperature deuterium plasmas. The energy range of the CNPA has been extended to cover 0.34–5.2?keV through an upgrade of the 25 detection channels. The CNPA has been used on all types of MST plasmas at a rate of 20?kHz throughout the entire discharge (?70?ms). Plasma parameter scans show that the ion distribution is most dependent on the plasma current. Magnetic reconnection events throughout these scans produce stronger poloidal electric fields, stronger global magnetic modes, and larger changes in magnetic energy all of which heavily influence the non-Maxwellian part of the ion distribution (the fast ion tail)

  20. INDOOR AIR QUALITY MEASUREMENTS IN ENERGY-EFFICIENT RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berk, J.V.

    2011-01-01

    Laboratory Energy Efficient Buildings Mobile Laboratory.of 1,150 f t . LBL's Energy Efficient Buildings (EEB) MobileLaboratory. Energy Efficient Buildings Program Energy and

  1. Mass-resolved retarding field energy analyzer and its measurement of ion energy distribution in helicon plasma

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zexian, Cao

    Mass-resolved retarding field energy analyzer and its measurement of ion energy distribution) are measured at rf power of 1000 W. The results show that the fairly broad energy distributions of different analyzer; Ion energy distribution; Helicon plasma 1. Introduction It is well recognized that ion

  2. Formaldehyde measurements in five new unoccupied energy efficient manufactured homes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Parker, G.B.; Onisko, S.A.

    1986-11-01

    Week-long integrated formaldehyde levels were measured over eight weeks in five new unoccupied energy efficient manufactured homes. These homes were constructed to the specifications set forth in the Model Conservation Standards (MCS) established by the Northwest Power Planning Council for site-built homes. The MCS standards exceed the Housing and Urban Development's (HUD) standards that currently apply to manufactured homes nationwide. Two of the homes were located at Richland, Washington, and three homes were located at Vancouver, Washington. Among other features of the MCS, the homes are equipped with air-to-air heat exchangers (AAHX) to supply additional fresh air ventilation. The first four weeks of testing were conducted with the AAHX off and the second four-week measurement period was conducted with the AAHX continuously on the HI setting. Formaldehyde levels ranged from 0.047 ppM the fifth week of the testing in a double wide home (with the AAHX turned on) to 0.164 ppM in the single wide home in the first week of measurements with the AAHX off. At no time did the formaldehyde levels exceed 0.4 ppM, the HUD targeted indoor level based on HUD codes for formaldehyde emissions from plywood and particle board building materials used in the homes. There was no strong correlation between formaldehyde levels and the measured air exchange rate. 9 refs., 2 figs., 3 tabs.

  3. High-Energy, Pulsed-Laser Diagnostics for Real-Time Measurements...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    High-Energy, Pulsed-Laser Diagnostics for Real-Time Measurements of Reciprocating Engine PM Emissions High-Energy, Pulsed-Laser Diagnostics for Real-Time Measurements of...

  4. Recommendations for 15% Above-Code Energy Efficiency Measures for Commercial Office Buildings 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Montgomery, C.; Yazdani, B.; Haberl, J. S.; Culp, C.; Liu, Z.; Mukhopadhyay, J.; Cho, S.

    2008-01-01

    , ten measures were considered. After energy savings were determined for each measure, they were then placed in several groups to accomplish a minimum of 15% total annual energy consumption reduction. The analysis in this paper uses the total annual...

  5. MEASURING FUSION CROSS-SECTIONS FOR THE C SYSTEM AT NEAR BARRIER ENERGIES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Souza, Romualdo T.

    MEASURING FUSION CROSS-SECTIONS FOR THE 20 O + 12 C SYSTEM AT NEAR BARRIER ENERGIES Michael Rudolph Michael Rudolph MEASURING FUSION CROSS-SECTIONS FOR THE 20 O + 12 C SYSTEM AT NEAR BARRIER ENERGIES The fusion of neutron-rich 20 O on 12 C at energies in the range of 20 MeV Elab 41 MeV was measured

  6. A SOFTWARE TOOL TO COMPARE MEASURED AND SIMULATED BUILDING ENERGY PERFORMANCE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    LBNL-6184E A SOFTWARE TOOL TO COMPARE MEASURED AND SIMULATED BUILDING ENERGY PERFORMANCE DATA of California. #12;A SOFTWARE TOOL TO COMPARE MEASURED AND SIMULATED BUILDING ENERGY PERFORMANCE DATA Tobias goals. To link design goals to actual operation one can compare measured with simulated energy

  7. Measurement of neutron capture on 50Ti at thermonuclear energies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    P. V. Sedyshev; P. Mohr; H. Beer; H. Oberhummer; Yu. P. Popov; W. Rochow

    1999-07-28

    At the Karlsruhe and Tuebingen 3.75 MV Van de Graaff accelerators the thermonuclear 50Ti(n,gamma)51Ti(5.8 min) cross section was measured by the fast cyclic activation technique via the 320.852 and 928.65 keV gamma-ray lines of the 51Ti-decay. Metallic Ti samples of natural isotopic composition and samples of TiO2 enriched in 50Ti by 67.53 % were irradiated between two gold foils which served as capture standards. The capture cross-section was measured at the neutron energies 25, 30, 52, and 145 keV, respectively. The direct capture cross section was determined to be 0.387 +/- 0.011 mbarn at 30 keV. We found evidence for a bound state s-wave resonance with an estimated radiative width of 0.34 eV which destructively interfers with direct capture. The strength of a suggested s-wave resonance at 146.8 keV was determined. The present data served to calculate, in addition to the directly measured Maxwellian averaged capture cross sections at 25 and 52 keV, an improved stellar 50Ti(n,gamma)51Ti rate in the thermonuclear energy region from 1 to 250 keV. The new stellar rate leads at low temperatures to much higher values than the previously recommended rate, e.g., at kT=8 keV the increase amounts to about 50 %. The new reaction rate therefore reduces the abundance of 50Ti due to s-processing in AGB stars.

  8. Mass Measurement Using Energy Spectra in Three-body Decays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Agashe, Kaustubh; Kim, Doojin; Wardlow, Kyle

    2015-01-01

    In previous works we have demonstrated how the energy distribution of massless decay products in two body decays can be used to measure the mass of decaying particles. In this work we show how such results can be generalized to the case of multi-body decays. The key ideas that allow us to deal with multi-body final states are an extension of our previous results to the case of massive decay products and the factorization of the multi-body phase space. The mass measurement strategy that we propose is distinct from alternative methods because it does not require an accurate reconstruction of the entire event, as it does not involve, for instance, the missing transverse momentum, but rather requires measuring only the visible decay products of the decay of interest. To demonstrate the general strategy, we study a supersymmetric model wherein pair-produced gluinos each decay to a stable neutralino and a bottom quark-antiquark pair via an off-shell bottom squark. The combinatorial background stemming from the indi...

  9. Using Wireless Power Meters to Measure Energy Use of Miscellaneous and Electronic Devices in Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Richard

    2012-01-01

    a High-Fidelity Wireless Building Energy Auditing Network.energy and power data using small, relatively inexpensive wirelessUsing Wireless Power Meters to Measure Energy Use of

  10. Draft M&V Guidelines: Measurement and Verification for Federal Energy Projects (Version 4.0)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Document describes the Federal Energy Management Program's (FEMP) standard procedures and guidelines for measurement and verification (M&V) for federal, state, and local government energy managers and procurement officials and utility and energy service providers.

  11. M&V Guidelines: Measurement and Verification for Federal Energy Projects (Version 3.0)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Document describes the Federal Energy Management Program's (FEMP) standard procedures and guidelines for measurement and verification (M&V) for federal energy managers, procurement officials, and energy service providers.

  12. Productive Energy of Some Feeds and Foods as Measured by Gains of Energy by Growing Chickens. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fraps, G. S. (George Stronach); Carlyle, E. C. (Elmer Cardinal)

    1942-01-01

    STATION A B. CONNER, DIRECTOR, College Station, Texas BULLETIN NO. 625 DECEMBER 1942 PRODUCTIVE ENERGY OF SOME FEEDS AND FOODS AS MEASURED BY GAINS OF ENERGY BY GROWING CHICKENS G. S. FRAPS AND E. C. CARLYLE Division of Chemistry -* LIBRA RY... Aflculfural&~eetv~! ~~i\\~~~~~~~ - 601i~p7 ~faf>~ T kJ;:~: AGRICULTURAL AND MECHANICAL COLLEGE OF' TEXAS T. 0. WALTON, President B-28-1242-6M-L180 - IC- - [Blank Page in Original Bulletin] The value of 62 feeds and foods for furnishing energy for growing...

  13. A Framework for Comparative Assessments of Energy Efficiency Policy Measures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blum, Helcio

    2012-01-01

    Library, Consortium for Energy Efficiency, Boston, MA, USA.M et al (2008): Energy Efficiency: The First Fuel for a2007): Vermont Electric Energy Efficiency Potential Study -

  14. A Framework for Comparative Assessments of Energy Efficiency Policy Measures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blum, Helcio

    2012-01-01

    Council for an Energy- Efficient Economy, Washington, DC,Programs. Promoting an Energy-Efficient Public Sector. SEEARP (2009): State Energy Efficient Appliance Rebate

  15. A Framework for Comparative Assessments of Energy Efficiency Policy Measures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blum, Helcio

    2012-01-01

    thinking/Unl ocking_energy_efficiency_in_the_US_economy.aspxArizona Public Service Energy Efficiency Baseline and Market2006): California Energy Efficiency Potential Study (Volume

  16. The Home Energy Score: Measuring "MPG" For Your Home

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Acting Under Secretary for Energy Cathy Zoi explains why the Home Energy Score can put you in control of how much energy you use.

  17. Energy Intensity Changes by Sector, 1985-2011 - Alternative Measures...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    to different definitions of energy use. Source energy attributes all the energy used for electricity generation and transmission to the specific end-use sector, addition to the...

  18. Guidelines for Software Measurement, SQAS | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Guidelines for Software Measurement, SQAS Guidelines for Software Measurement, SQAS This document defines a core set of four software measures that can be used within any software...

  19. Strategies for Enhancing Biomass Energy Utilization in the Philippines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Samson, R.; Helwig, T.; Stohl, D.; De Maio, A.; Duxbury, P.; Mendoza, T.; Elepano, A.

    2001-10-18

    Technical report on Biofuel energy development in the Philippines and the role it can play in eradicating rural poverty and creating self-reliant communities.

  20. FAYETTE COUNTY TRAINS TOMORROW'S WORKFORCE | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    WHAT'S NEXT? Fayette County's low-income households (less than 200% of the federal poverty level) continue to receive energy efficiency improvements through the county's...

  1. Contribution of energy services to the Millennium Development...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Contribution of energy services to the Millennium Development Goals and to poverty alleviation in Latin America and the Caribbean Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH...

  2. National Energy Efficiency Evaluation, Measurement and Verification (EM&V) Standard: Scoping Study of Issues and Implementation Requirements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schiller, Steven R.

    2011-01-01

    on Energy End-Use Efficiency and Energy Services (EMEES)on Energy End-Use Efficiency and Energy Services (EMEES)types of energy efficiency and energy conservation measures

  3. U. S. Department of Energy Aerial Measuring Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    J. J. Lease

    1998-10-01

    The Aerial Measuring Systems (AMS) is an aerial surveillance system. This system consists of remote sensing equipment to include radiation detectors; multispectral, thermal, radar, and laser scanners; precision cameras; and electronic imaging and still video systems. This equipment, in varying combinations, is mounted in an airplane or helicopter and flown at different heights in specific patterns to gather various types of data. This system is a key element in the US Department of Energy's (DOE) national emergency response assets. The mission of the AMS program is twofold--first, to respond to emergencies involving radioactive materials by conducting aerial surveys to rapidly track and map the contamination that may exist over a large ground area and second, to conduct routinely scheduled, aerial surveys for environmental monitoring and compliance purposes through the use of credible science and technology. The AMS program evolved from an early program, begun by a predecessor to the DOE--the Atomic Energy Commission--to map the radiation that may have existed within and around the terrestrial environments of DOE facilities, which produced, used, or stored radioactive materials.

  4. Measurements of sideward flow around the balance energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    INDRA collaboration; D. Cussol; T. Lefort; J. Péter

    2001-11-13

    Sideward flow values have been determined with the INDRA multidetector for Ar+Ni, Ni+Ni and Xe+Sn systems studied at GANIL in the 30 to 100 A.MeV incident energy range. The balance energies found for Ar+Ni and Ni+Ni systems are in agreement with previous experimental results and theoretical calculations. Negative sideward flow values have been measured. The possible origins of such negative values are discussed. They could result from a more important contribution of evaporated particles with respect to the contribution of promptly emitted particles at mid-rapidity. But effects induced by the methods used to reconstruct the reaction plane cannot be totally excluded. Complete tests of these methods are presented and the origins of the ``auto-correlation'' effect have been traced back. For heavy fragments, the observed negative flow values seem to be mainly due to the reaction plane reconstruction methods. For light charged particles, these negative values could result from the dynamics of the collisions and from the reaction plane reconstruction methods as well. These effects have to be taken into account when comparisons with theoretical calculations are done.

  5. WPN 13-3: 2013 Poverty Income Guidelines and Definition of Income

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    To provide states with the 2013 Poverty Income Guidelines and Definition of Income for use in the low-income Weatherization Assistance Program (WAP).

  6. 15% Above-Code Energy Efficiency Measures for Commercial Buildings in Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haberl, J. S.; Culp, C.; Yazdani, B.

    2007-01-01

    savings in new residential, commercial and industrial construction. The Laboratory has worked closely with code officials, energy raters, manufacturers, state officials and other stakeholders to develop cost effective energy efficiency measures... of Texas Subject: 15% Above-Code Energy Efficiency Measures for Commercial Buildings in Texas In the 79th Legislature (2005) the Energy Systems Laboratory was required to develop three alternative methods for achieving 15% above-code energy...

  7. PHYSICAL REVIEW E 89, 023003 (2014) Energy flux measurement from the dissipated energy in capillary wave turbulence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Falcon, Eric

    2014-01-01

    energy flux are in good agreement with wave turbulence theory. The Kolmogorov-Zakharov constant waves interact with each other, they can develop a regime of wave turbulence where the wave energyPHYSICAL REVIEW E 89, 023003 (2014) Energy flux measurement from the dissipated energy in capillary

  8. A Framework for Comparative Assessments of Energy Efficiency Policy Measures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blum, Helcio

    2012-01-01

    commercial sectors." Energy Policy 34 (17) 3257–3267. Rufo,to the 2009 Integrated Energy Policy Report Adopted DemandK et al (2006): “Energy Efficiency Policies: A Retrospective

  9. INDOOR AIR QUALITY MEASUREMENTS IN ENERGY-EFFICIENT RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berk, J.V.

    2011-01-01

    Modem RESIDENTIAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION DATA (1976) TOTAL 18.95HEATING COMMERCIAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION DATA (1976) TOTAL 10.3data on various active and pas- sive methods of reducing energy consumption

  10. Using Circuit-Level Power Measurements in Household Energy Management Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Han, Qi "Chee"

    to accurately measure en- ergy usage in the home. Measuring energy usage is not dif- ficult, however we must- formation for large appliances. However, the only way to monitor the energy usage of smaller devices. This paper explores an alternative, more practi- cal, approach to monitor household energy usage including

  11. The Uniform Methods Project: Methods For Determining Energy Efficiency Savings For Specific Measures

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    This document provides a set of model protocols for determining energy and demand savings that result from specific energy efficiency measures implemented through state and utility efficiency programs. The methods described here are approaches that are?or are among?the most commonly used in the energy efficiency industry for certain measures or programs.

  12. Comparing calculated and measured grain boundary energies in nickel Gregory S. Rohrer a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rohrer, Gregory S.

    Comparing calculated and measured grain boundary energies in nickel Gregory S. Rohrer a , Elizabeth boundary energy data sets for Ni. Using these results, we perform the first large-scale comparison between measured and computed grain boundary energies. While the overall correlation between experimental

  13. Calculations of crystal-melt interfacial free energies by nonequilibrium work measurements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Song, Xueyu

    Calculations of crystal-melt interfacial free energies by nonequilibrium work measurements Yan Mu perturbation method to compute the interfacial free energies by nonequilibrium work measurements with cleaving potential procedure. Using this method, we calculated the interfacial free energies of different crystal

  14. How Much Information Per Joule? Measuring the Energy Efficiency of Inferential

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    How Much Information Per Joule? Measuring the Energy Efficiency of Inferential Wireless Sensing parameters. The inferential energy efficiency, based on the RDD, is a measure of the "fuel economy of datasets and censoring of transmissions. However, the most energy efficient algorithms often degrade data

  15. Calculations of free energies in liquid and solid phases: Fundamental measure density-functional approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Song, Xueyu

    Calculations of free energies in liquid and solid phases: Fundamental measure density energies of liquid and solid phases using a fundamental measure density-functional theory. Namely, we can, a theoretical description of the free energies and correlation functions of hard-sphere (HS) liquid and solid

  16. Data Center Energy Efficiency Measurement Assesment Kit Guide...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Efficiency Case Study: Opportunities to Improve Energy Efficiency in Three Federal Data Centers Energy Efficiency Opportunities in Federal High Performance Computing Data Centers...

  17. Rule to Support Increased Energy Measurement and Efficient Building...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    related goals and to provide energy leadership to the country. Addthis Related Articles Energy Department Issues Green Building Certification System Final Rule to Support...

  18. Implementation and Rejection of Industrial Steam System Energy Efficiency Measures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Therkelesen, Peter

    2014-01-01

    France.   ISO,  2011.  ISO  50001  Energy  management  such   as   ISO   50001   -­?Energy   management   system  2005).  A  principal  goal  of  ISO  50001  is  to  foster  

  19. PFT Air Infiltration Measurement Technique | Department of Energy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Infiltration Measurement Technique PFT Air Infiltration Measurement Technique The Brookhaven National Laboratory developed the PFT (PerFluorocarbon tracer gas) technique to...

  20. Property:FluidMechanicsMeasurement | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Property Name FluidMechanicsMeasurement Property Type String Description MHK Fluid Mechanics Measurement Categories Used in FormTemplate MHKSensor Allows Values Differential...

  1. Secretary Chu Invites Energy Leaders to the Energy and Climate...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    programs to promote low-carbon economic growth, improve energy security and end energy poverty." The Ministerial will have two parts. The first day will be a meeting of...

  2. Poverty-Environment Initiative (PEI) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History ViewMayo, Maryland:NPIProtectio1975) |Texas:Pottawattamie County, Iowa:Pottstown,Pound

  3. Using Wireless Power Meters to Measure Energy Use of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    by the Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Office of Technology Development, Building Technologies Division May 2011 Published in the Proceedings of the Energy Efficiency in Domestic Appliances Energy Use of Miscellaneous and Electronic Devices in Buildings Richard Brown1 , Steven Lanzisera1 , Hoi

  4. Energy Cost Reduction Measures Identified for Texas State Agencies 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grigg, T. J.; Verdict, M. E.

    1987-01-01

    According t o energy auditors, state-owned facilities in Texas on the average consume over twice the energy of comparable facilities in the private sector. In 1984 and 1986 as part of the Texas Energy Cost Containment Program, two extensive energy...

  5. Prospector: Multiscale Energy Measurement of Networked Embedded Systems with Wideband

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of networked, distributed systems, and usually energy-constrained. Moreover, in wirelessly-networked devices, the technological and human cost of energy and replenishment of energy supplies are dominant. Wireless sensor embedded systems. With respect to energy efficiency, wireless sensor network (WSN) nodes are at the leading

  6. National Energy Efficiency Evaluation, Measurement and Verification (EM&V) Standard: Scoping Study of Issues and Implementation Requirements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schiller, Steven R.

    2011-01-01

    specific energy efficiency measure and comprise savings perthe inability to measure efficiency savings directly. Inpost cost and savings estimates for efficiency measures and

  7. CHP Supported with Energy Efficiency Measures -- A Winning and Environmentally Sound Solution in Finland 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hannunkari, E.

    1999-01-01

    with Energy Efficiency Measures - a Winning and Environmentally Sound Solution in Finland Erkki Hannunkari, IVO Technology Centre In the European Union Energy Progranunes, one of the most significant measures in reducing carbon dioxides and other emissions... is to build additional CHP teclmology. TIris will be implemented with measures to raise the energy efficiency. CHP technology is exceptionally widely used in Finland. At industrial sites, it accounts for more than in any other country in Europe. Owing...

  8. Improved Building Energy Performance Modelling through Comparison of Measured Data with Simulated Results 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bambrook, S.; Jacob, D.

    2008-01-01

    the building and comparing simulated results to the measured data. The simulated building energy performance results achieved in the first stage of computer modelling show a reasonable correlation with measured data, however, further work is required to create...

  9. Simulation of Analog and Digital energy measurements in the LDC electromagnetic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    LC Note Simulation of Analog and Digital energy measurements in the LDC electromagnetic calorimeter. The simulations show that for electron energies above 4 GeV, the energy resolution is better for the analog method simulation software [2], for electrons energy from 1 to 300 GeV. For the detector con#12;guration, only

  10. Using Wireless Power Meters to Measure Energy Use of Miscellaneous and Electronic Devices in Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Richard

    2012-01-01

    with a High-Fidelity Wireless Building Energy AuditingN ATIONAL L ABORATORY Using Wireless Power Meters to Measureopportunity employer. Using Wireless Power Meters to Measure

  11. You Can't Manage Energy Use That You Don't Measure

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Digital electric meters perform a number of electrical functions, including measuring the power and energy consumption of plug-in electrical appliances and devices.

  12. Analysis of Installed Measures and Energy Savings for Single-Family Residential Better Buildings Projects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Heaney, M.; Polly, B.

    2015-04-30

    This report presents an analysis of data for residential single-family projects reported by 37 organizations that were awarded federal financial assistance (cooperative agreements or grants) by the U.S. Department of Energy’s Better Buildings Neighborhood Program.1 The report characterizes the energy-efficiency measures installed for single-family residential projects and analyzes energy savings and savings prediction accuracy for measures installed in a subset of those projects.

  13. Negotiating the paradoxes of poverty: presidential rhetoric on welfare from Johnson to Clinton 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carcasson, Martin

    2005-02-17

    This project examines how Presidents Lyndon Johnson, Richard Nixon, Jimmy Carter, Ronald Reagan, and Bill Clinton discussed issues of poverty and welfare from Johnson?s declaration of War on Poverty in 1964 to Clinton?s signing of the Personal...

  14. Economic Growth, Poverty and Inequality: Indian Experience of Reforms and Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krivobokova, Tatyana

    Economic Growth, Poverty and Inequality: Indian Experience of Reforms and Development Panchanan Das suggest that the faster economic growth causes higher incidence of poverty and inequality. Income inequality across regions is rising at an alarming rate due to higher economic growth during the reform

  15. Reducing Poverty Risk in Developing Countries Project No. Project Title Project Leader

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krivobokova, Tatyana

    1 Reducing Poverty Risk in Developing Countries Project No. Project Title Project Leader 1 Dynamic). At the same time, there will be substantial collaboration between the projects to develop this common research in developing countries Lay 5 Informal risk sharing networks as an strategy to reduce poverty risk Ibanez

  16. Energy and Society ER100/PPC184/ER200/PPC284, Fall 2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    countries with average annual per capita energy consumption rates under 1 TOE)? [5 points] 2. Exponential, poverty and gender The chapter "Energy and Poverty" from the 2002 World Energy Outlook, states "...theEnergy and Society ER100/PPC184/ER200/PPC284, Fall 2014 Problem Set #2 Total Points: 100 for ER100

  17. Measuring and Understanding Energy Efficiency Changes in Manufacturing 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    French, D. K.; Carlson, L. T.

    1992-01-01

    Over much of the past twenty years the manufacturing industries have led the United States economy in seeking and implementing energy efficiency improvements within the overall goal of improved cost efficiency. Since the mid-1980’s, however, energy...

  18. Energy Conservation Measures at an Automotive Instructional Facility 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Godsey, F. W.

    1989-01-01

    sensor lighting controls, installation of a low speed chilled water pump, and installation of stand alone energy management systems with central communications capabilities. Energy cost savings have exceeded seventeen thousand dollars per year...

  19. Evaluation of Energy Efficiency Measures in Hot and Humid Climates 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, Y.; Erwine, B.; Leonard, P.; Pease, B.; Dole, A.; Lee, A.

    2010-01-01

    . These are usually remedied with conventional mechanical air conditioning systems, but the move toward sustainability urges designers to find less energy intensive solutions. An integrated design process coupled with energy modeling and lifecycle analysis can unite...

  20. Prioritization Tool Measurement Input Form | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    & Publications Austin Energy Data Dashboard Massachusetts -- SEP Data Dashboard Phoenix, Arizona Data Dashboard Buildings Home About Emerging Technologies Residential...

  1. Pumping System Measurements To Estimate Energy Savings: Why and How 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Casada, D.

    2007-01-01

    Measuring performance parameters (flow rate, pressures, and power) for existing systems is essential to understanding how both the pump(s) and system are actually performing. Examples of reasons why actual measurements are critical and practical...

  2. SEE Action Webinar – Energy Efficiency Measure Cost Studies

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    In this webinar, leading experts will explain the importance of measure cost studies, review the current “state of the science” of measure cost development and estimation, and explore opportunities...

  3. SEEC- Regional Energy Baselines and Measurement and Verification Protocols 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, H.; Haberl, J. S.; Verdict, M.

    2009-01-01

    . ............................................................................. 4 Figure 2.3.1. Energy Use per Capita by the Electric Power Sector, Ranked by State, 2006. ......................................... 5 Figure 2.4.1 Energy Use per Capita by the Residential Sector, Ranked by State, 2006... the energy use per capita of the 50 states and the District of Columbia for the year of 2006, including total energy use per capita (Figure 2.2.1) and energy use per capita by end-use sector (Figure 2.3.1 to Figure 2.6.1): electric power, residential...

  4. The Effects of Poverty on Childhood Brain Development The Mediating Effect of Caregiving and Stressful Life Events

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The Effects of Poverty on Childhood Brain Development The Mediating Effect of Caregiving novel data to inform the mechanisms by which poverty negatively impacts childhood brain development participated in neuroimaging at school age were used to investigate the effects of poverty on brain development

  5. Being the partial proceedings of a conference co-organized by the South-African Regional Poverty Network,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Being the partial proceedings of a conference co-organized by the South-African Regional Poverty, Southern African governments have identified the eradication or alleviation of poverty as a key objective of developmental programmes. In spite of these repeated articulations and ongoing efforts poverty levels have

  6. Wilton Park Conference WP674 INVESTING IN HEALTH FOR ECONOMIC GROWTH AND POVERTY REDUCTION: NEW PERSPECTIVES AND

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Klein, Ophir

    Wilton Park Conference WP674 INVESTING IN HEALTH FOR ECONOMIC GROWTH AND POVERTY REDUCTION: NEW IN HEALTH FOR ECONOMIC GROWTH AND POVERTY REDUCTION: NEW PERSPECTIVES AND OPPORTUNITIES 20 - 23 May 2002 health is seen as a critical pathway for addressing world poverty. At the 55th Session of the UN General

  7. TEACH. Alleviating Poverty Through the Power of Education. Be a Student Ambassador for TEACH at your University!

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    TEACH. Alleviating Poverty Through the Power of Education. Be a Student Ambassador for TEACH, frontline charity focused on "alleviating poverty through the power of education." Our field projects poverty. We believe that it is imperative for the youth in Canada to become engaged with today's pressing

  8. The value of bushmeat and other wild foods to rural households living in extreme poverty in Democratic Republic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Langerhans, Brian

    The value of bushmeat and other wild foods to rural households living in extreme poverty between poverty and the use of wild foods, namely bushmeat, fish and wild plants, within a Congolese poverty (income below US$1 per capita per day). Our analyses indicate that wild foods play a small role

  9. National Poverty Center Working Paper Series We're Not All Deadbeat Parents: Welfare Recipient Voices on

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edwards, Paul N.

    National Poverty Center Working Paper Series #12 ­ 14 May 2012 We're Not All Deadbeat Parents Poverty Center Working Paper Series index at: http of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the view of the National Poverty Center or any sponsoring

  10. Simultaneous energy distribution and ion fraction measurements using a linear time-of-flight analyzer with a floatable drift tube

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simultaneous energy distribution and ion fraction measurements using a linear time A technique for simultaneous energy distribution and ion fraction measurements using a linear time Laboratory's Multicharged Ion Research Facility. Energy distributions of the scattered projectiles

  11. How Does Your Data Center Measure Up? Energy Efficiency Metrics and Benchmarks for Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    How Does Your Data Center Measure Up? Energy Efficiency Metrics and Benchmarks for Data Center Does Your Data Center Measure Up? Energy Efficiency Metrics and Benchmarks for Data Center.E., Program manager Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory 1 Introduction Data centers are among the most

  12. Surface excess properties from energy transport measurements during water evaporation Fei Duan and C. A. Ward*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ward, Charles A.

    Surface excess properties from energy transport measurements during water evaporation Fei Duan condi- tions, accounts for as little as 50% of the energy required to evaporate water at the measured 2004; revised manuscript received 21 March 2005; published 2 November 2005 When water evaporates

  13. Measurements of the Fracture Energy of Lithiated Silicon Electrodes of Li-Ion Batteries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suo, Zhigang

    Measurements of the Fracture Energy of Lithiated Silicon Electrodes of Li-Ion Batteries Matt Pharr, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138, United States ABSTRACT: We have measured the fracture energy of lithiated of the observed cracks appear brittle in nature. By determining the condition for crack initiation, the fracture

  14. A Framework for Comparative Assessments of Energy Efficiency Policy Measures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blum, Helcio

    2012-01-01

    1998): “Methodology for Tax Rebate Analysis. ” In AnalysisEnergy Efficient Appliance Rebate Program (SEEARP). Fundingl> US DOE (2011a): “Rebates, Tax Credits & Financing. ” In

  15. An Assessment of Envelope Measures in Mild Climate Deep Energy...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    with the 2012 International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) and pair these with high efficiency, off-the-shelf HVAC equipment. Enhanced building envelopes should be considered in...

  16. Measure Guideline. Energy-Efficient Window Performance and Selection

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carmody, John; Haglund, Kerry

    2012-11-01

    This document provides guidelines for the selection of energy-efficient windows in new and existing residential construction in all U.S. climate zones. It includes information on window products, their attributes and performance. It provides cost/benefit information on window energy savings as well as information on non-energy benefits such as thermal comfort and reduced HVAC demands. The report also provides information on energy impacts of design decisions such as window orientation, total glazing area and shading devices and conditions. Information on resources for proper window installation is included as well.

  17. INDOOR AIR QUALITY MEASUREMENTS IN ENERGY EFFICIENT BUILDINGS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hollowell, C.D.

    2011-01-01

    ROOF PORT HOLES AIR REGISTERS E8 XBL 7712-11473B Figure 3 - Schematic of Exterior and Interior of Energy Efficient

  18. Proceedings of the Department of Energy workshop on beta measurements

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Swinth, K.L.; Vallario, E.J.

    1987-09-01

    Participants discussed current practices, efforts to upgrade the quality of beta measurements, and initiatives necessary to improve the measurement and control of beta doses. This proceedings includes papers presented at the workshop, transcripts of panel and open discussions, and documentation of question and answer sessions. The information exchange resulting from this meeting is expected to provide a clearer focus on the problems of beta measurements.

  19. Real Time Tailpipe Emission Measurements | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Real Time Tailpipe Emission Measurements 2002 DEER Conference Presentation: Brookhaven National Laboratory 2002deerimre.pdf More Documents & Publications Real-Time...

  20. Sandia Energy - Direct Measurement of Key Molecule Will Increase...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    an instrument, the Multiplexed Photoionization Mass Spectrometer in the Advanced Light Source at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, that took direct measurements. (Photo by...

  1. Measure Guideline: Energy-Efficient Window Performance and Selection

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carmody, J.; Haglund, K.

    2012-11-01

    This document provides guidelines for the selection of energy-efficient windows in new and existing residential construction in all US climate zones. It includes information on window products, their attributes and performance. It provides cost/benefit information on window energy savings as well as information on non-energy benefits such as thermal comfort and reduced HVAC demands. The document also provides information on energy impacts of design decisions such as window orientation, total glazing area and shading devices and conditions. Information on resources for proper window installation is included as well. This document is for builders, homeowners, designers and anyone making decisions about selecting energy efficient window. It is intended to complement other Building America information and efforts.

  2. Measurement and verifiction (M&V) guidelines for federal energy projects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1996-02-01

    This document provides procedures and guidelines for quantifying the savings resulting from the installation of Energy Conservation Measures (ECMs) implemented with federal Energy Savings Performance Contracts (ESPCs) or task orders implemented under a federal IDIQ contract. The first section of this document provides an overview of measurement and verification (M&V) options and procedures. The second, third, and fourth sections provide standardized measurement and verification (M&V) methods for common types of ECMs.

  3. Energy Efficient Building Environment Control Strategies Using Real-time Occupancy Measurements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cerpa, Alberto E.

    Energy Efficient Building Environment Control Strategies Using Real-time Occupancy Measurements (HVAC) systems ac- count for 50% of the total energy budget in buildings [5]. Prior research has shown 10 to 15% of HVAC energy can be reduced in buildings that set ventilation rates based on maximum

  4. Energy analysis of substorms based on remote sensing techniques, solar wind measurements, and geomagnetic indices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ã?stgaard, Nikolai

    Energy analysis of substorms based on remote sensing techniques, solar wind measurements to balance the energy budget. We find that a viscous interaction that transfers 0.17% of the solar wind, is sufficient to balance the total energy dissipation UT. INDEX TERMS: 2784 Magnetospheric Physics: Solar wind

  5. Measuring the Client Performance and Energy Consumption in Mobile Cloud Gaming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Sheng-Wei

    Measuring the Client Performance and Energy Consumption in Mobile Cloud Gaming Chun-Ying Huang1, Po-constrained devices may lead to inferior performance and high energy consumption. For example, the gaming frame rate and energy consumption of mobile clients is critical to the success of the new mobile cloud gaming ecosystem

  6. Measurement and Characterization of Link Quality Metrics in Energy Constrained Wireless Sensor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Uysal-Biyikoglu, Elif

    able to isolate key questions in energy-efficient protocol design. The scope of this paper is limited sensor networks, a good cost metric en- capsulating wireless link quality is essential to an energy-efficient metric may be and how it can be measured in an energy-efficient way. We present an experimental study

  7. Measurements of the Tt; 2n4 He Neutron Spectrum at Low Reactant Energies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    environments more closely resemble the burning core in a star (e.g., thermonuclear reactant-energy, providing unique opportunities to explore new areas of low-energy plasma-nuclear science [4] and stellarMeasurements of the Tðt; 2nÞ4 He Neutron Spectrum at Low Reactant Energies from Inertial

  8. Final Map Draft Comparison Report WIND ENERGY RESOURCE MODELING AND MEASUREMENT PROJECT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    II Final Map Draft Comparison Report #12;WIND ENERGY RESOURCE MODELING AND MEASUREMENT PROJECT Tel: 978-749-9591 Fax: 978-749-9713 mbrower@awstruewind.com August 10, 2004 #12;2 WIND ENERGY RESOURCE issues. 1 Background In Task 2 of the project, five promising areas of the state for wind energy

  9. Energy Storage & Delivery The goal of this project is to deliver measurement methods specific to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Energy Storage & Delivery Materials The goal of this project is to deliver measurement methods specific to polymeric and organic materials needed in next generation energy storage and delivery. · The NIST team is works closely with leaders in the energy storage and delivery field, including General

  10. PUBLISHED ONLINE: 29 JULY 2012 | DOI: 10.1038/NPHYS2375 Experimental free-energy measurements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loss, Daniel

    ARTICLES PUBLISHED ONLINE: 29 JULY 2012 | DOI: 10.1038/NPHYS2375 Experimental free-energy-molecule technologies have made it possible to use irreversible work measurements to extract free-energy differences associated with the mechanical (un)folding of molecules. To date, free-energy recovery has been focused

  11. Preliminary Analysis of Energy Consumption for Cool Roofing Measures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mellot, Joe [The Garland Company; New, Joshua Ryan [ORNL; Sanyal, Jibonananda [ORNL

    2013-01-01

    The spread of cool roofing has been more than prolific over the last decade. Driven by public demand and by government initiatives cool roofing has been a recognized low cost method to reduce energy demand by reflecting sunlight away from structures and back in to the atmosphere. While much of the country can benefit from the use of cool coatings it remains to be seen whether the energy savings described are appropriate in cooler climates. By use of commonly available calculators one can analyze the potential energy savings based on environmental conditions and construction practices.

  12. Measured Energy Use Indices for 27 Office Buildings 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haberl, J. S.; Sreshthaputra, A.; Claridge, D. E.; Turner, W. D.; Harmon, K.; Kisselburgh, J.; Mase, R.

    2001-01-01

    .2. Heating energy is pro-rated from the total heating energy use at the S.F. Austin plant that serves this site.Whole Building EUI WBE Table 3: Energy Use Indices (EUIs) for 27 Office Buildings (kWh/ft2-yr, W/ft2) Weekdays Profile: Site 904 0.000.200.400.600....801.001.20123456789101112131415161718192021222324Hour WB Mean 10th Percentile 25th Percentile 50th Percentile 75th Percentile 90th Percentile Maximum Minimum Weekdays Profile: Site 704 0.000.200.400.600.801.001.20123456789101112131415161718192021222324Hour WB Mean 10th Percentile 25th Percentile 50th...

  13. Space Charge Correction on Emittance Measurement of Low Energy...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    of Low Energy Electron Beams The goal of any particle accelerator is to optimize the transport of a charged particle beam along a set path by confining the beam to a small region...

  14. The Measured Energy Impact of Infiltration Under Dynamic Conditions 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, M.; Claridge, D. E.

    1992-01-01

    Energy consumption due to air infiltration is customarily assumed to equal the mass flow rate times the specific enthalpy difference between the inside and outside air. Anderlind showed theoretically that this represents an upper limit...

  15. M&V Guidelines: Measurement and Verification for Federal Energy...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    nEnergyPlus%2Bredirect%2B1 for discussion of simulation issues. 17 http:rredc.nrel.govsolarolddatansrdb1991-2005tmy3. 18 See ASHRAE Guideline 14-2015 and Section 4.2.2...

  16. The Home Energy Score: Measuring 'MPG' For Your Home | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Editor's Note: Cross-posted from the Energy Blog. You may know the miles per gallon your car gets, but have you ever wanted to know the miles per gallon your home gets? Vice...

  17. Measures and Investment Options for Community Energy Conservation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Myers, M. S.; Korinchock, D.

    1986-01-01

    and demand management as a cheaper option than the construction of a new power plant. Municipalities consider energy efficiency because it promotes awareness and therefore helps keep utility bills low for its citizens. The two viewpoints may combine...

  18. M&V Guidelines: Measurement and Verification for Federal Energy...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    and Verification Protocol (IPMVP) Concepts and Options for Determining Energy and Water Savings Volume 1, April 2007. M&V Guidelines 3.0 FEMP ii Contents Section Page Section...

  19. Measuring Energy Efficiency Improvements in Industrial Battery Chargers 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Matley, R.

    2009-01-01

    PG&E and Southern California Edison (SCE) are testing industrial battery chargers according to a California Energy Commission (CEC) approved test procedure. This test procedure, developed with charger manufacturer input as part of the CEC?s... possible by using the SCR controls. TEST PROCEDURE A test procedure was developed for the California Energy Commission?s (CEC) Codes and Standards process. This test procedure was developed with industry stakeholder input for battery and charger...

  20. Data Center Energy Efficiency Measurement Assessment Kit Guide and Specification

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2012-10-26

    A portable and temporary wireless mesh assessment kit can be used to speed up and reduce the costs of a data center energy use assessment and overcome the issues with respect to shutdowns. The assessment kit is comprised of temperature, relative humidity, and pressure sensors. Also included are power meters that can be installed on computer room air conditioners (CRACs) without intrusive interruption of data center operations. The assessment kit produces data required for a detailed energy assessment of the data center.

  1. National Residential Efficiency Measures Database | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousMathematicsEnergyInterested Parties -Department ofDepartment ofEnergy NationalNationalon

  2. www.irp.wisc.edu No. 222015 Fast Focus is an occasional, electronic-only supplement to Focus on recent poverty research.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gasch, Audrey P.

    to Focus on recent poverty research. Matthew Desmond explores the crisis faced by poor families in finding to pull housing back to the center of the poverty debate. March 2015 Unaffordable America: Poverty studies at Harvard University. He is an affiliate of the Institute for Research on Poverty. Owing

  3. Quantify the energy and environmental benefits of implementing energy-efficiency measures in China’s iron and steel production

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Ma, Ding; Chen, Wenying; Xu, Tengfang

    2015-08-21

    As one of the most energy-, emission- and pollution-intensive industries, iron and steel production is responsible for significant emissions of greenhouse gas (GHG) and air pollutants. Although many energy-efficiency measures have been proposed by the Chinese government to mitigate GHG emissions and to improve air quality, lacking full understanding of the costs and benefits has created barriers against implementing these measures widely. This paper sets out to advance the understanding by addressing the knowledge gap in costs, benefits, and cost-effectiveness of energy-efficiency measures in iron and steel production. Specifically, we build a new evaluation framework to quantify energy benefits andmore »environmental benefits (i.e., CO2 emission reduction, air-pollutants emission reduction and water savings) associated with 36 energy-efficiency measures. Results show that inclusion of benefits from CO2 and air-pollutants emission reduction affects the cost-effectiveness of energy-efficiency measures significantly, while impacts from water-savings benefits are moderate but notable when compared to the effects by considering energy benefits alone. The new information resulted from this study should be used to augment future programs and efforts in reducing energy use and environmental impacts associated with steel production.« less

  4. Quantify the energy and environmental benefits of implementing energy-efficiency measures in China’s iron and steel production

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ma, Ding; Chen, Wenying; Xu, Tengfang

    2015-08-21

    As one of the most energy-, emission- and pollution-intensive industries, iron and steel production is responsible for significant emissions of greenhouse gas (GHG) and air pollutants. Although many energy-efficiency measures have been proposed by the Chinese government to mitigate GHG emissions and to improve air quality, lacking full understanding of the costs and benefits has created barriers against implementing these measures widely. This paper sets out to advance the understanding by addressing the knowledge gap in costs, benefits, and cost-effectiveness of energy-efficiency measures in iron and steel production. Specifically, we build a new evaluation framework to quantify energy benefits and environmental benefits (i.e., CO2 emission reduction, air-pollutants emission reduction and water savings) associated with 36 energy-efficiency measures. Results show that inclusion of benefits from CO2 and air-pollutants emission reduction affects the cost-effectiveness of energy-efficiency measures significantly, while impacts from water-savings benefits are moderate but notable when compared to the effects by considering energy benefits alone. The new information resulted from this study should be used to augment future programs and efforts in reducing energy use and environmental impacts associated with steel production.

  5. Cool roofs as an energy conservation measure for federal buildings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Taha, Haider; Akbari, Hashem

    2003-04-07

    We have developed initial estimates of the potential benefits of cool roofs on federal buildings and facilities (building scale) as well as extrapolated the results to all national facilities under the administration of the Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP). In addition, a spreadsheet ''calculator'' is devised to help FEMP estimate potential energy and cost savings of cool roof projects. Based on calculations for an average insulation level of R-11 for roofs, it is estimated that nationwide annual savings in energy costs will amount to $16M and $32M for two scenarios of increased roof albedo (moderate and high increases), respectively. These savings, corresponding to about 3.8 percent and 7.5 percent of the base energy costs for FEMP facilities, include the increased heating energy use (penalties) in winter. To keep the cost of conserved energy (CCE) under $0.08 kWh-1 as a nationwide average, the calculations suggest that the incremental cost for cool roofs should not exceed $0.06 ft-2, assuming that cool roofs have the same life span as their non-cool counterparts. However, cool roofs usually have extended life spans, e.g., 15-30 years versus 10 years for conventional roofs, and if the costs of re-roofing are also factored in, the cutoff incremental cost to keep CCE under $0.08 kWh-1 can be much higher. In between these two ends, there is of course a range of various combinations and options.

  6. Measurement of intergranular attack in stainless steel using ultrasonic energy

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Mott, Gerry (Pittsburgh, PA); Attaar, Mustan (Monroeville, PA); Rishel, Rick D. (Monroeville, PA)

    1989-08-08

    Ultrasonic test methods are used to measure the depth of intergranular attack (IGA) in a stainless steel specimen. The ultrasonic test methods include a pitch-catch surface wave technique and a through-wall pulse-echo technique. When used in combination, these techniques can establish the extent of IGA on both the front and back surfaces of a stainless steel specimen from measurements made on only one surface.

  7. Measured energy performance of a US-China demonstration energy-efficient office building

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xu, Peng; Huang, Joe; Jin, Ruidong; Yang, Guoxiong

    2006-01-01

    U.S. energy-efficient and renewable building technologies,demonstration energy- efficient commercial building”, LBNLdemonstration energy-efficient office building Peng Xu Joe

  8. Measured energy performance of a US-China demonstration energy-efficient office building

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xu, Peng; Huang, Joe; Jin, Ruidong; Yang, Guoxiong

    2006-01-01

    in evaluating relative building energy performance in Chinaunderstanding of the building’s energy performance and helpthe actual energy performance of the building and verify the

  9. Measured energy performance of a US-China demonstration energy-efficient office building

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xu, Peng; Huang, Joe; Jin, Ruidong; Yang, Guoxiong

    2006-01-01

    China demonstration energy- efficient commercial building”,China Demonstration Energy Efficient Office Building insideUS-China demonstration energy-efficient office building Peng

  10. Uniform Methods Project: Methods for Determining Energy Efficiency Savings for Specific Measures; January 2012 - March 2013

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jayaweera, T.; Haeri, H.

    2013-04-01

    Under the Uniform Methods Project, DOE is developing a framework and a set of protocols for determining the energy savings from specific energy efficiency measures and programs. The protocols provide a straightforward method for evaluating gross energy savings for common residential and commercial measures offered in ratepayer-funded initiatives in the United States. They represent a refinement of the body of knowledge supporting energy efficiency evaluation, measurement, and verification (EM&V) activities. This document deals with savings from the following measures: commercial and industrial lighting, commercial and industrial lighting controls, small commercial and residential unitary and split system HVAC cooling equipment, residential furnaces and boilers, residential lighting, refrigerator recycling, whole-building retrofit using billing analysis, metering, peak demand and time-differentiated energy savings, sample design, survey design and implementation, and assessing persistence and other evaluation issues.

  11. Determinants of measured energy consumption in public housing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Greely, K.M.; Mills, E.; Goldman, C.A.; Ritschard, R.L. )

    1988-01-01

    In this study, the authors used a two-part methodology to analyze metered energy use patterns in 91 public housing projects. Their goal was to develop a technique that could be used by the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) and public housing authorities (PHAs) to derive reasonable energy use guidelines for different segments of the public housing stock. In the authors' approach, actual energy use was first normalized to consumption in a year with ''typical'' weather and then used in a multiple regression analysis of different cross-sectional variables. The regression model explained 80% of the variation in energy use, with the type of account and the management practices of PHAs emerging as important explanatory factors. As compared to previous engineering estimates of public housing consumption, the projects in this study used 8% (per square foot) to 16% (per apartment) less fuel and electricity, but consumption was still significantly higher (43%) than that of privately owned multifamily housing. They conclude that this methodology could be used to help HUD and PHAs increase their understanding of energy use patterns and appropriate consumption levels in public housing.

  12. Evaluation, Measurement, and Verification of Energy Data | Department of

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergy A plug-inPPLfor InnovativeProcessing22, 2014 The Department of5 The0 TheEnergy

  13. DOE Resources Help Measure Building Energy Benchmarking Policy & Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyTher i n c i pStateDOE FederalThe DepartmentEnergy TransfersViolatingDepartment

  14. White House Highlights New DOE Measures to Advance Renewable Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative FuelsofProgram: Report1538-1950DepartmentWave EnergyElectricity &Energy

  15. The significance of energy storage for renewable energy generation and the role of instrumentation and measurement.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 The significance of energy storage for renewable energy generation and the role and Alternative Energies Commission INES: National Institute For Solar Energy ENERGY STORAGE: FROM PRESENT TO EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES Energy storage is not a new concept but is currently getting increasing importance

  16. Measurement of Energy Distribution of Deuterium-Tritium Fusion Alpha-particles and MeV Energy Knock-on Deuterons in JET Plasmas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Measurement of Energy Distribution of Deuterium-Tritium Fusion Alpha-particles and MeV Energy Knock-on Deuterons in JET Plasmas

  17. The Impact of Deregulation on Energy Conservation and DSM Measures 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brasovan, M. W.

    2002-01-01

    ) The goal of this paper will be to answer these questions based on input from market suppliers and actual pricing examples received by Texas end users for the 2002 open market. Also, strategies for dealing with energy service providers and obtaining...

  18. Cooling Energy Measurements of Houses with Attics Containing Radiant Barriers 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levins, W. P.; Karnitz, M. A.; Knight, D. K.

    1986-01-01

    Tests were conducted by Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) to determine the magnitude of the energy savings brought about by installing radiant barriers in the attics of single-family houses. The radiant barrier used for this test was a product...

  19. PHYSICAL REVIEW C 81, 014607 (2010) Fission fragment mass and energy distributions as a function of incident neutron energy measured

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Danon, Yaron

    2010-01-01

    , and Nuclear Engineering, NES 1-25, 110 8th Street, Troy, New York 12180, USA 2 Los Alamos National Lab, Los; published 19 January 2010) A new method of measuring fission fragment mass and energy distributions as a function of incident neutron energy are necessary for accurate, detailed neutronics calculations for new

  20. Pulse energy measurement at the hard x-ray laser in Japan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kato, M.; Tanaka, T.; Saito, N.; Kurosawa, T.; Richter, M.; Sorokin, A. A.; Tiedtke, K.; Kudo, T.; Yabashi, M.; Tono, K.; Ishikawa, T.

    2012-07-09

    The pulse energies of a free electron laser have accurately been measured in the hard x-ray spectral range. In the photon energy regime from 4.4 keV to 16.8 keV, pulse energies up to 100 {mu}J were obtained at the hard x-ray laser facility SACLA (SPring-8 Angstrom Compact free-electron LAser). Two independent methods, using a cryogenic radiometer and a gas monitor detector, were applied and agreement within 3.3% was achieved. Based on our validated pulse energy measurement, a SACLA online monitor detector could be calibrated for all future experiments.

  1. Unlocking Africa's poverty trap : holistic approach to BOP investment in agribusiness

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suzuki, Elli

    2013-01-01

    This paper identifies subsistence farming as a significant opportunity for poverty reduction and economic development in sub-Saharan Africa. By taking a holistic, standardized, and bundled approach, this paper proposes an ...

  2. A tale of two roads: Land tenure, poverty, and politics on the Guatemalan frontier

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lopez-Carr, David

    A tale of two roads: Land tenure, poverty, and politics on the Guatemalan frontier David Carr Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. doi:10.1016/j.geoforum.2005.02.007 E-mail address: carr

  3. The Impact of the European Union Sugar Sector Policy on Brazilian Poverty 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Avram, Bianca

    2011-11-24

    This study assesses the impact of the European Union (EU) common sugar policy on Brazilian poverty levels. First, using a simple linear regression, the Brazilian and EU sugar exports to common third countries were analysed, ...

  4. Using Geographical Information Science to detect fuel poverty trends in Scotland 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rafter, Liann

    2014-11-27

    , and household condition. The government of Scotland is committed to eradicating fuel poverty as far as possible by 2016 however; the government cannot change fuel prices or household incomes. On the other hand, the government and other national agencies have...

  5. The tourism industry and its link to poverty alleviation in the Dominican Republic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weiner, Angelica (Angelica G.)

    2010-01-01

    The Dominican Republic has an interesting juxtaposition of the largest tourism industry in the Caribbean with some of the worst social conditions in the region such as high rates of unemployment, poverty, and infant ...

  6. From being considered at-risk to becoming resilient: an autoethnography of abuse and poverty 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mercado-Garza, Rosalinda

    2009-05-15

    This qualitative autoethnographic study was the process by which I, a young Latina, was able to evocatively and therapeutically write about the incestual abuse and poverty experienced from age six until the age of 17. It ...

  7. Culture, Poverty and Necessity Entrepreneurship: The Academy for Creating Enterprise in Mexico and the Philippines 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brewer, Jeremi

    2012-07-16

    This dissertation demonstrates how ACE has successfully equipped thousands of poor Filipinos with the tools necessary for them to raise themselves out of poverty by offering them a culture-specific curriculum that they can ...

  8. Mapping Fuel Poverty Risk at Household Scale using Infrared Thermography and a Fuzzy Set Approach 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    le Riche, Marguerite M.

    2015-11-01

    This project investigates to what extent infrared thermography can be applied to improve the identification of households at risk of fuel poverty. As a method for qualitatively assessing the thermal efficiency of buildings, ...

  9. Coriolis Meters for Hydrogen Dispensing Measurement | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum Based Fuels|ProgramsLakeDepartment ofof EnergyMarketing, Inc. Order

  10. Sensor Rapidly Measures the Concentration of Oxygen in Fluids - Energy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effect Photovoltaics - Energy InnovationOscillationSensitivity of Radiative

  11. Data Center Energy Efficiency Measurement Assesment Kit Guide and Specification

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum Based| Department8, 20153Daniel Boff About Us Daniel BoffData Center Energy

  12. Superior Energy Performance Measurement and Verification Protocol for Industry

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankADVANCED MANUFACTURINGEnergyPlan | Department of EnergySummary:Performance CertificationFactSuperior

  13. Measuring the Resilience of Energy Distribution Systems | Department of

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousMathematicsEnergyInterested Parties - WAPAEnergy May 28 Webinar to Focus on Tribal

  14. Article: OpenStudio Measures | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative FuelsofProgram:Y-12Power, Inc | Department ofMarketing, LLCorAreaEnergyArticle:

  15. Recommendations for 15% Above-Code Energy Efficiency Measures for Residential Buildings 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Montgomery, C.; Yazdani, B.; Culp, C.; Haberl, J. S.; Liu, Z.; Mukhopadhyay, J.; Malhotra, M.

    2008-01-01

    )-compliant, single family residence in Houston, Texas. To accomplish the 15% annual energy use reductions, twelve measures were considered including: tankless water heater, solar domestic water heating system, natural gas water heater without the standing pilot light...

  16. Recommendations for 15% Above-Code Energy Efficiency Measures for Single-Family Residences 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Culp, C.; Haberl, J. S.; Mukhopadhyay, J.; Liu, J. B.; Yazdani, B.; Malhotra, M.

    2007-01-01

    , single family residence in Houston, Texas. To accomplish the 15% annual energy use reductions, twelve measures were considered, which include: tankless water heater, solar domestic hot water system, gas water heater without the standing pilot light, ducts...

  17. Measurement of projectile energy and velocity requirements for the disruption of unexploded ordnance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jeunnette, Mark N. (Mark Nathaniel), 1979-

    2013-01-01

    This paper details the design and fabrication of a disrupting test rig for measuring the energy required to separate the fuze from the casing of unexploded ordnance (UXO), also called disrupting the device. Preliminary ...

  18. Measurement and Interpretation of Interaction of MeV Energy Protons with Lower Hybrid Waves in JET Plasmas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Measurement and Interpretation of Interaction of MeV Energy Protons with Lower Hybrid Waves in JET Plasmas

  19. High-Energy Fuel Ion Diagnostics on ITER Derived from Neutron Emission Spectroscopy Measurements on JET DT Plasmas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    High-Energy Fuel Ion Diagnostics on ITER Derived from Neutron Emission Spectroscopy Measurements on JET DT Plasmas

  20. Retail Building Guide for Entrance Energy Efficiency Measures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stein, J.; Kung, F.

    2012-03-01

    This booklet is based on the findings of an infiltration analysis for supermarkets and large retail buildings without refrigerated cases. It enables retail building managers and engineers to calculate the energy savings potential for vestibule additions for supermarkets; and bay door operation changes in large retail stores without refrigerated cases. Retail managers can use initial estimates to decide whether to engage vendors or contractors of vestibules for pricing or site-specific analyses, or to decide whether to test bay door operation changes in pilot stores, respectively.

  1. Measured Performance of Energy-Efficient Computer Systems 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Floyd, D. B.; Parker, D. S.

    1996-01-01

    , and peripherals 29 W. The average PC workstation was found to have a hat-shaped daily demand curve with a baseload of 18 % and a peak load of 76 %. They also tested a device on 11 workstations which turns off monitors during periods of keyboard inactivity. A...W reduction in peak demand. Unlike other energy saving strategies however, there is no premium for ES compliant equipment. hot and humid climate, the load profiles (~igure 1) of the ES PCs with and without their power saving While savings for both the ES...

  2. The measured energy impact of air leakage on a house 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vaidya, Shilpa Arvind

    1993-01-01

    error in (1-e) is ( power power t ( An //An t/() () /(/ 2 ? // ) () ?. 2 1/A ( uuioor ouu/oor fs so/or) pouer A 0 A t/2 2 (/A 2, s so/ol', s so/or L/?, /o, f ) 2 tt 1 + + [ (/A() // (Tintloor Toutdoor ) (3 31) from Equation 3 31 (3 32) 2... operation, Equation 4 6 reduces io the following energy balance equation (/Ai 1 ( &&at!to?'( ) Indo&r( )) ( ) ( &o&l&'& ( ) A & ( it&&r( ) ( 1 ) (/A2 If no heat input is assumed, i e, ()p& vr 0 Equation 4 13 simplities to VAi x (l?u/&/oo& (i) ? I...

  3. ENERGY MEASUREMENTS EGG-10282-1063 UC-41

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal Gas &SCE-SessionsSouth DakotaRobbins and Myers CoMadison -T: Designation$ EGcG ENERGY

  4. ENERGY MEASUREMENTS GROUP ECT FOLLOW-UP REPORT

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal Gas &SCE-SessionsSouth DakotaRobbins and Myers CoMadison -T: Designation$ EGcG ENERGY,

  5. ENERGY MEASUREMENTS GROUP EG&G SURVEY REPORT

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal Gas &SCE-SessionsSouth DakotaRobbins and700, 1.Reports1 Rev.Metals&- ENERGY

  6. ENERGY MEASUREMENTS GROUP EG&G Survey Report

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal Gas &SCE-SessionsSouth DakotaRobbins and700, 1.Reports1 Rev.Metals&- ENERGY * * * *

  7. Measurement and Verification for Federal Energy Savings Performance

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Financing Tool Fits the BillDepartmentSites |Strides to BoostMARketDepartment3Energy

  8. India-Measurement and Performance Tracking (MAPT) Initiative | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View NewTexas: Energy ResourcesOrder at 8, 13 (Vt. Water Res.:01 - 429Dialogue,

  9. Policies and Measures to Realise Industrial Energy Efficiency and Mitigate

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History ViewMayo, Maryland:NPIProtectio1975) |Texas: Energy Resources JumpOhio:PodParish,Climate Change |

  10. Brazil-Measurement and Performance Tracking (MAPT) Initiative | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar Energy LLC JumpBiossence JumpJersey Logo:Braxenergy

  11. Sandia Energy - Improved Method to Measure Glare and Reflected Solar

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust, High-Throughput Analysis ofSample SULIColinEnergyComputational Science Software

  12. Comprehensive Measures/Whole Building | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTIONRobertsdale, Alabama (Utility Company)| Open(Evans, Et Al., 2002) || Open EnergyAnalysis

  13. Data Center Energy Efficiency Measurement Assesment Kit Guide and

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyTher i n c i pStateDOEAnalysis,Department of U.S.DURASpecification | Department of

  14. Paleomagnetic Measurements At Coso Geothermal Area (2006) | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsourceII JumpQuarterly Smart GridNorth Carolina: EnergyInc thePalcan Fuel Cells Jump

  15. Driving Accountability for Program Performance Using Measured Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels DataEnergy Webinar:IAbout Us|ofElizabeth Sherwood-Randall AboutWaterSavings

  16. Sandia Energy - Measurements of Thermal Stratification in a Homogenous

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservation of Fe(II)Geothermal Energy &Water Power& SF-BREEZEMaterials,

  17. Sandia Energy - Sandia Researchers Are First to Measure Thermoelectric

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservation of Fe(II)Geothermal EnergyRenewableCompanies Pilot Program toAJournal

  18. Microfluidic Flow Assay for Measuring Hemostatic Phenotypes - Energy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass map shines light on dark matterEnergyPublicatonsSubstances |MicrobialStartupInnovation

  19. Measuring Changes in Energy Efficiency for the Annual Energy Outlook 2002

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2002-01-01

    This paper describes the methodology used to develop the National Energy Modeling System estimate of projected aggregate energy efficiency and to describe the results of applying it to the Annual Energy Outlook 2002 (AEO2002) reference case.

  20. Energy Guideline Factors Provide a Better Measure of Refinery Energy Performance 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Libbers, D. D.

    1980-01-01

    and in unit operating intensity/severity. (3) Identify and quantify areas of energy inefficiency. (4) Regularly monitor and steward energy efficiency performance. Effective conservation also requires the analysis of energy performance and setting goals...

  1. Energy Savings Modeling of Standard Commercial Building Re-tuning Measures: Large Office Buildings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fernandez, Nicholas; Katipamula, Srinivas; Wang, Weimin; Huang, Yunzhi; Liu, Guopeng

    2012-06-01

    Today, many large commercial buildings use sophisticated building automation systems (BASs) to manage a wide range of building equipment. While the capabilities of BASs have increased over time, many buildings still do not fully use the BAS's capabilities and are not properly commissioned, operated or maintained, which leads to inefficient operation, increased energy use, and reduced lifetimes of the equipment. This report investigates the energy savings potential of several common HVAC system retuning measures on a typical large office building prototype model, using the Department of Energy's building energy modeling software, EnergyPlus. The baseline prototype model uses roughly as much energy as an average large office building in existing building stock, but does not utilize any re-tuning measures. Individual re-tuning measures simulated against this baseline include automatic schedule adjustments, damper minimum flow adjustments, thermostat adjustments, as well as dynamic resets (set points that change continuously with building and/or outdoor conditions) to static pressure, supply air temperature, condenser water temperature, chilled and hot water temperature, and chilled and hot water differential pressure set points. Six combinations of these individual measures have been formulated - each designed to conform to limitations to implementation of certain individual measures that might exist in typical buildings. All of these measures and combinations were simulated in 16 cities representative of specific U.S. climate zones. The modeling results suggest that the most effective energy savings measures are those that affect the demand-side of the building (air-systems and schedules). Many of the demand-side individual measures were capable of reducing annual HVAC system energy consumption by over 20% in most cities that were modeled. Supply side measures affecting HVAC plant conditions were only modestly successful (less than 5% annual HVAC energy savings for most cities for all measures). Combining many of the retuning measures revealed deep savings potential. Some of the more aggressive combinations revealed 35-75% reductions in annual HVAC energy consumption, depending on climate and building vintage.

  2. Measured energy performance of a US-China demonstration energy-efficient office building

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xu, Peng; Huang, Joe; Jin, Ruidong; Yang, Guoxiong

    2006-01-01

    pp. 596-598. Table 1. LEED credits in optimize energy55% Reduce Energy Costs – 60% LEED Points Table 2. Buildingand Environmental Design (LEED) rating, including the full

  3. Health effects associated with energy conservation measures in commercial buildings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stenner, R.D.; Baechler, M.C.

    1990-09-01

    Indoor air quality can be impacted by hundreds of different chemicals. More than 900 different organic compounds alone have been identified in indoor air. Health effects that could arise from exposure to individual pollutants or mixtures of pollutants cover the full range of acute and chronic effects, including largely reversible responses, such as rashes and irritations, to the irreversible toxic and carcinogenic effects. These indoor contaminants are emitted from a large variety of materials and substances that are widespread components of everyday life. Pacific Northwest Laboratory conducted a search of the peer-reviewed literature on health effects associated with indoor air contaminants for the Bonneville Power Administration to aid the agency in the preparation of environmental documents. Results are reported in two volumes. Volume 1 summarizes the results of the search of the peer-reviewed literature on health effects associated with a selected list of indoor air contaminants. In addition, the report discusses potential health effects of polychlorinated biphenyls and chlorofluorocarbons. All references to the literature reviewed are found in this document Volume 2. Volume 2 provides detailed information from the literature reviewed, summarizes potential health effects, reports health hazard ratings, and discusses quantitative estimates of carcinogenic risk in humans and animals. Contaminants discussed in this report are those that; have been measured in the indoor air of a public building; have been measured (significant concentrations) in test situations simulating indoor air quality (as presented in the referenced literature); and have a significant hazard rating. 38 refs., 7 figs., 23 tabs.

  4. Gibbs Free Energy of Formation of Zircon from Measurement of Solubility in H2O

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Manning, Craig

    Gibbs Free Energy of Formation of Zircon from Measurement of Solubility in H2O Robert C. Newton, Illinois 60439 We exploited the large difference in the solubility of SiO2 and ZrO2 in H2O to constrain. However, its refractory character hinders precise de- termination of its Gibbs energy of formation,1,2 DG

  5. Energy and water balance measurements for water productivity analysis in irrigated mango trees,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Energy and water balance measurements for water productivity analysis in irrigated mango trees of rural communities. Mango is important for export markets. Its fruit has the advantage of being juicy 2008 Accepted 7 May 2008 Keywords: Mango orchard Energy balance Water balance Evapotranspiration

  6. Photoluminescence-based measurements of the energy gap and diffusion length of Zn3P2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kimball, Gregory

    .6 However, even the basic materials parameters of Zn3P2, such as the energy gap, remainPhotoluminescence-based measurements of the energy gap and diffusion length of Zn3P2 Gregory M and Beckman Institute, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125, USA Received 29 June

  7. Ion energy measurements in a Direct Wave-Drive Matthew S. Feldman

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ion energy measurements in a Direct Wave-Drive Thruster Matthew S. Feldman and Edgar Y. Choueiri difference is a DWDT operates continuously to inject wave momentum, whereas PIT discharges its energy Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California, 91109, USA An experiment

  8. Radiated seismic energy from coda measurements and no scaling in apparent stress with seismic moment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prieto, Germán A.

    Radiated seismic energy from coda measurements and no scaling in apparent stress with seismic March 2010; accepted 9 April 2010; published 31 August 2010. [1] The seismic coda consists of scattered of radiated wave energy. We apply an empirical Green's function (EGF) method to the seismic coda in order

  9. American Wind Energy Association, Denver, May 2005 Uncertainties in Results of Measure-Correlate-Predict Analyses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    American Wind Energy Association, Denver, May 2005 Uncertainties in Results of Measure-correlate-predict (MCP) algorithms are used to predict the wind resource at target sites for wind power development. MCP methods model the relationship between wind data (speed and direction) measured at the target site

  10. A G/NARRLI Effort: Measuring the Ionization Yield of Low-Energy Nuclear Recoils in Liquid Argon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joshi, Tenzing Henry Yatish

    2014-01-01

    59 Previously measured low-energy nuclear recoilFluorescence: A Source of Low-Energy Nuclear Recoils 5.1source of tagged low-energy nuclear recoils”. Nucl. Instrum.

  11. A small low energy cyclotron for radioisotope measurements

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bertsche, K.J.

    1989-11-01

    Direct detection of {sup 14}C by accelerator mass spectrometry has proved to be a much more sensitive method for radiocarbon dating than the decay counting method invented earlier by Libby. A small cyclotron (the cyclotrino'') was proposed for direct detection of radiocarbon in 1980. This combined the suppression of background through the use of negative ions, which had been used effectively in tandem accelerators, with the high intrinsic mass resolution of a cyclotron. Development of a small electrostatically-focused cyclotron for use as a mass spectrometer was previously reported but the sensitivity needed for detection of {sup 14}C at natural abundance was not achieved. The major contributions of this work are the integration of a high current external ion source with a small flat-field, electrostatically-focused cyclotron to comprise a system capable of measuring {sup 14}C at natural levels, and the analysis of ion motion in such a cyclotron, including a detailed analysis of phase bunching and its effect on mass resolution. A high current cesium sputter negative ion source generates a beam of carbon ions which is pre-separated with a Wien filter and is transported to the cyclotron via a series of electrostatic lenses. Beam is injected radially into the cyclotron using electrostatic deflectors and an electrostatic mirror. Axial focusing is entirely electrostatic. A microchannel plate detector is used with a phase-grated output. In its present form the system is capable of improving the sensitivity of detecting {sup 14}C in some biomedical experiments by a factor of 10{sup 4}. Modifications are discussed which could bring about an additional factor of 100 in sensitivity, which is important for archaeological and geological applications. Possibilities for measurements of other isotopes, such as {sup 3}H, and {sup 10}Be, and {sup 26}Al, are discussed. 70 refs.

  12. Differential heating: A versatile method for thermal conductivity measurements in high-energy-density matter

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Ping, Y.; Fernandez-Panella, A.; Sio, H.; Correa, A.; Shepherd, R.; Landen, O.; London, R. A.; Sterne, P. A.; Whitley, H. D.; Fratanduono, D.; et al

    2015-09-04

    We propose a method for thermal conductivity measurements of high energy density matter based on differential heating. A temperature gradient is created either by surface heating of one material or at an interface between two materials by different energy deposition. The subsequent heat conduction across the temperature gradient is observed by various time-resolved probing techniques. Conceptual designs of such measurements using laser heating, proton heating, and x-ray heating are presented. As a result, the sensitivity of the measurements to thermal conductivity is confirmed by simulations.

  13. Analysis of Illinois Home Performance with ENERGY STAR(R) Measure Packages

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Baker, J.; Yee, S.; Brand, L.

    2013-09-01

    Through the Chicagoland Single Family Housing Characterization and Retrofit Prioritization report, the Partnership for Advanced Residential Retrofit characterized 15 housing types in the Chicagoland region based on assessor data, utility billing history, and available data from prior energy efficiency programs. Within these 15 groups, a subset showed the greatest opportunity for energy savings based on BEopt Version 1.1 modeling of potential energy efficiency package options and the percent of the housing stock represented by each group. In this project, collected field data from a whole-home program in Illinois are utilized to compare marketplace-installed measures to the energy saving optimal packages previously developed for the 15 housing types. Housing type, conditions, energy efficiency measures installed, and retrofit cost information were collected from 19 homes that participated in the Illinois Home Performance with ENERGY STAR program in 2012, representing eight of the characterized housing groups. Two were selected for further case study analysis to provide an illustration of the differences between optimal and actually installed measures. Taken together, these homes are representative of 34.8% of the Chicagoland residential building stock. In one instance, actual installed measures closely matched optimal recommended measures.

  14. Fat to muscle ratio measurements with dual energy x-ray absorbtiometry

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Chen, A.; Luo, J.; Wang, A.; Broadbent, C.; Zhong, J.; Dilmanian, F. A.; Zafonte, F.; Zhong, Z.

    2015-03-14

    Accurate measurement of the fat-to-muscle ratio in animal model is important for obesity research. In addition, an efficient way to measure the fat to muscle ratio in animal model using dual-energy absorptiometry is presented in this paper. A radioactive source exciting x-ray fluorescence from a target material is used to provide the two x-ray energies needed. The x-rays, after transmitting through the sample, are measured with an energy-sensitive Ge detector. Phantoms and specimens were measured. The results showed that the method was sensitive to the fat to muscle ratios with good linearity. A standard deviation of a few percent inmore »the fat to muscle ratio could be observed with the x-ray dose of 0.001 mGy.« less

  15. Fat to Muscle Ratio Measurements with Dual Energy X Ray Absorbtiometry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, A; Broadbent, C; Zhong, J; Dilmanian, A; Zafonte, F; Zhong, Z

    2014-01-01

    Accurate measurement of the fat-to-muscle ratio in animal model is important for obesity research. An efficient way to measure the fat to muscle ratio in animal model using dual-energy absorptiometry is presented in this paper. A radioactive source exciting x-ray fluorescence from a target material is used to provide the two x-ray energies needed. The x-rays, after transmitting through the sample, are measured with an energy-sensitive Ge detector. Phantoms and specimens were measured. The results showed that the method was sensitive to the fat to muscle ratios with good linearity. A standard deviation of a few percent in the fat to muscle ratio could be observed with the x-ray dose of 0.001 mGy.

  16. Financing Community Development in the US: A Comparison of “War on Poverty” and 1990s-Era Policy Approaches

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dymski, Gary Arthur

    2009-01-01

    Rev Black Polit Econ. Caner A, Wolff EN. Asset poverty infor non-white households (Caner and Wolff 2004). As noted

  17. Calibration of an EnergyPlus Building Energy Model to Assess the Impact of Demand Response Measures 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lavigne, K.; Sansregret, S.; Daoud, A.; Leclair, L. A.

    2013-01-01

    Simon Sansregret Ahmed DaoudLouis-Alexandre Leclaire CALIBRATION OF AN ENERGYPLUS BUILDING ENERGY MODEL TO ASSESS THE IMPACT OF DEMAND RESPONSE MEASURES ICEBO 2013, Montr?al Groupe ? Technologie2 ICEBO-2013 Contextualization > Hydro..., Static fan pressure, Plug load intensity, etc. > Establish an optimization plan (? ? simulated and measured profiles) ? Parameter selection and their limits ? Calibration period (annual or specific period) ? Objective function and type of algorithm...

  18. U.S.-Asia Pacific Comprehensive Energy Partnership | Department...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    underway in APEC and ASEAN to bring concrete, impactful progress in addressing energy poverty and energy access issues in the region" through the new U.S.-Asia Pacific...

  19. Air Shower Measurements in the Primary Energy Range from PeV to EeV

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andreas Haungs

    2006-10-23

    Recent results of advanced experiments with sophisticated measurements of cosmic rays in the energy range of the so called knee at a few PeV indicate a distinct knee in the energy spectra of light primary cosmic rays and an increasing dominance of heavy ones towards higher energies. This leads to the expectation of knee-like features of the heavy primaries at around 100 PeV. To investigate in detail this energy region several new experiments are or will be devised.

  20. Measurements of ultra-low-energy electron scattering cross sections of atoms and molecules

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kitajima, M.; Shigemura, K.; Kurokawa, M. [Department of Chemistry, Tokyo Institute of Technology, 152-8551 Tokyo (Japan); Odagiri, T. [Department of Physics, Sophia University, 102-8554 Tokyo, Japan and Department of Chemistry, Tokyo Institute of Technology, 152-8551 Tokyo (Japan); Kato, H.; Hoshino, M.; Tanaka, H. [Department of Physics, Sophia University, 102-8554 Tokyo (Japan); Ito, K. [Photon Factory, Institute of Materials Structure Science, 305-0801 Tsukuba (Japan)

    2014-03-05

    A new experimental technique for the total cross section measurements of ultra-low energy electron collisions with atoms and molecules utilizing the synchrotron radiation is presented. The technique employs a combination of the penetrating field technique and the threshold photoionization of rare gas atoms using the synchrotron radiation as an electron source in order to produce a high resolution electron beam at very low energy. Absolute total cross sections for electron scattering from He, Ne, Ar, Kr, and Xe in the energy region from extremely low electron energy to 20 eV are presented.

  1. The Great Building Energy Predictor Shootout II: Measuring Retrofit Energy Savings 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thamilseran, S.; Haberl, J. S.

    1995-01-01

    Countries participating in the Global Superior Energy Performance (GSEP) Energy Management Working Group (EMWG) are leveraging their resources and taking collective action to strengthen national and international efforts to facilitate the adoption...

  2. Energy Intensity Changes by Sector, 1985-2011 – Alternative Measures by Type of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Further insight with regard to the comparison of intensity changes by sector can be gained by looking at how they differ with respect to different definitions of energy use. Source energy...

  3. Deriving archetype templates for urban building energy models based on measured monthly energy use

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sokol, Julia A. (Julia Alexandrovna)

    2015-01-01

    Interest in urban energy modeling has grown among planners and policy-makers as more and more municipalities set targets for reduction of greenhouse gas emissions. Urban-scale building energy models can help evaluate the ...

  4. Instructions for "The Great Energy Predictor Shootout II: Measuring Retrofit Energy Savings" 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haberl, J. S.; Kreider, J. F.

    1994-01-01

    Based on the overwhelming response to the first Building Energy Predictor Shootout a second predictor Shootout has been developed to again compare how well different empirical models predict building energy data from several ...

  5. Adoption of energy-efficiency measures in SMEs An empirical analysis based on energy audit data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    by small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). Our analyses are based on cross-sectional data from SMEs rationality. Policies to overcome these barriers which target companies include energy management obligations quality standards for energy au- dits, templates for audit reports or mandatory monitoring of energy

  6. No galaxy left behind: accurate measurements with the faintest objects in the Dark Energy Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suchyta, E; Aleksi?, J; Melchior, P; Jouvel, S; MacCrann, N; Crocce, M; Gaztanaga, E; Honscheid, K; Leistedt, B; Peiris, H V; Ross, A J; Rykoff, E S; Sheldon, E; Abbott, T; Abdalla, F B; Allam, S; Banerji, M; Benoit-Lévy, A; Bertin, E; Brooks, D; Burke, D L; Rosell, A Carnero; Kind, M Carrasco; Carretero, J; Cunha, C E; D'Andrea, C B; da Costa, L N; DePoy, D L; Desai, S; Diehl, H T; Dietrich, J P; Doel, P; Eifler, T F; Estrada, J; Evrard, A E; Flaugher, B; Fosalba, P; Frieman, J; Gerdes, D W; Gruen, D; Gruendl, R A; James, D J; Jarvis, M; Kuehn, K; Kuropatkin, N; Lahav, O; Lima, M; Maia, M A G; March, M; Marshall, J L; Miller, C J; Miquel, R; Neilsen, E; Nichol, R C; Nord, B; Ogando, R; Percival, W J; Reil, K; Roodman, A; Sako, M; Sanchez, E; Scarpine, V; Sevilla-Noarbe, I; Smith, R C; Soares-Santos, M; Sobreira, F; Swanson, M E C; Tarle, G; Thaler, J; Thomas, D; Vikram, V; Walker, A R; Wechsler, R H; Zhang, Y

    2015-01-01

    Accurate statistical measurement with large imaging surveys has traditionally required throwing away a sizable fraction of the data. This is because most measurements have have relied on selecting nearly complete samples, where variations in the composition of the galaxy population with seeing, depth, or other survey characteristics are small. We introduce a new measurement method that aims to minimize this wastage, allowing precision measurement for any class of stars or galaxies detectable in an imaging survey. We have implemented our proposal in Balrog, a software package which embeds fake objects in real imaging in order to accurately characterize measurement biases. We demonstrate this technique with an angular clustering measurement using Dark Energy Survey (DES) data. We first show that recovery of our injected galaxies depends on a wide variety of survey characteristics in the same way as the real data. We then construct a flux-limited sample of the faintest galaxies in DES, chosen specifically for th...

  7. Measurement of the energy spectrum of underground muons at Gran Sasso with a transition radiation detector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The MACRO Collaboration; M. Ambrosio et al

    1998-07-09

    We have measured directly the residual energy of cosmic ray muons crossing the MACRO detector at the Gran Sasso Laboratory. For this measurement we have used a transition radiation detector consisting of three identical modules, each of about 12 m^2 area, operating in the energy region from 100 GeV to 1 TeV. The results presented here were obtained with the first module collecting data for more than two years. The average single muon energy is found to be 320 +/- 4 (stat.) +/- 11 (syst.) GeV in the rock depth range 3000-6500 hg/cm^2. The results are in agreement with calculations of the energy loss of muons in the rock above the detector.

  8. Neutron Energy Spectrum Measurements with a Compact Liquid Scintillation Detector on EAST

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xi Yuan; Xing Zhang; Xufei Xie; G. Gorini; Zhongjing Chen; Xingyu Peng; Jinxiang Chen; Guohui Zhang; Tieshuan Fan; Guoqiang Zhong; Liqun Hu; Baonian Wan

    2013-04-27

    A neutron detector based on EJ301 liquid scintillator has been employed at EAST to measure the neutron energy spectrum for D-D fusion plasma. The detector was carefully characterized in different quasi-monoenergetic neutron fields generated by a 4.5 MV Van de Graaff accelerator. In recent experimental campaigns, due to the low neutron yield at EAST, a new shielding device was designed and located as close as possible to the tokamak to enhance the count rate of the spectrometer. The fluence of neutrons and gamma-rays was measured with the liquid neutron spectrometer and was consistent with 3He proportional counter and NaI (Tl) gamma-ray spectrometer measurements. Plasma ion temperature values were deduced from the neutron spectrum in discharges with lower hybrid wave injection and ion cyclotron resonance heating. Scattered neutron spectra were simulated by the Monte Carlo transport Code, and they were well verified by the pulse height measurements at low energies.

  9. Recommendations for 15% Above-Code Energy Efficiency Measures for Single Family Residences 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Malhotra, M.; Mukhopadhyay, J.; Liu, B.; Culp, C.; Yazdani, B.

    2007-01-01

    -Electric square4 Energy Factor raised from 0.86 to 0.95 12 INDIVIDUAL MEASURES 2. Solar Domestic Water Heater (Electric/Gas & All-Electric) IN TR O D UC TI O N BA SE CA SE R ES UL TS CO N CL US IO N EE M ?S Solar DHW Characteristics... System Measures for Electric / Gas Building RESULTS Energy Savings square4 Tankless ? 9.3% square4 Solar Water Heater ? 15.2% square4 Removal of Pilot Light ? 5.5% Payback Period square4 Tankless Water Heater ? 13.7 ? 47.5 years square4 Solar...

  10. Reliability measures for indexed semi-Markov chains applied to wind energy production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D'Amico, Guglielmo; Prattico, Flavio

    2013-01-01

    The computation of the dependability measures is a crucial point in the planning and development of a wind farm. In this paper we address the issue of energy production by wind turbine by using an indexed semi-Markov chain as a model of wind speed. We present the mathematical model, we describe the data and technical characteristics of a commercial wind turbine (Aircon HAWT-10kW). We show how to compute some of the main dependability measures such as reliability, availability and maintainability functions. We compare the results of the model with real energy production obtained from data available in the Lastem station (Italy) and sampled every 10 minutes.

  11. Productive Energy of Certain Feeds as Measured by Production of Fat and Flesh by Growing Rats. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fraps, G. S. (George Stronach)

    1943-01-01

    STATION A B. CONNER, DIRECTOR, College Station, Texas BUIJTJETIN NO. ($32 OCTOBER 1943 PRODUCTIVE ENERGY OF CERTAIN FEEDS AS MEASURED BY PRODUCTION OF FAT AND FLESH BY GROWING RATS G. S. FRAPS Division of Chemistry AGRICULTZTRAL AND MECHANICAL... COLLEGE OF TEXAS T. 0. WALTON, President [Blank Page in Original Bulletin] 'revious work with chickens shoxved that the energy values of feeds re very nearly in proportion to the digestible nutrients. Experiments *e made with a different kind...

  12. Recommendations for 15% Above-Code Energy Efficiency Measures for Commercial Office Building 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cho, S.; Mukhopadhyay, J.; Culp, C.; Haberl, J.; Yazdani, B.

    2007-01-01

    FOR 15% ABOVE-CODE ENERGY EFFICIENCY MEASURES FOR COMMERCIAL OFFICE BUILDINGS Soolyeon Cho Graduate Research Assistant Jaya Mukhopadhyay Research Associate Charles Culp, Ph.D., P.E. Associate Director Jeff Haberl, Ph.D., P.E. Associate Director... Bahman Yazdani, P.E. Associate Director Energy Systems Laboratory Texas Engineering Experiment Station Texas A&M University System ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS Faculty/Staff: Tom Fitzpatrick, Don Gilman, Mushtaq Ahmed, Betty Liu, Juan-Carlos Baltazar, Sherrie...

  13. A theory for calculating the surface-adsorbate bond dissociation energy from collision-induced desorption threshold measurements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levis, Robert J.

    .' As with all thermal methods, a TDS ex- periment is constrained to measure the activation energy of the pathway. Thermal desorption spectroscopy (TDS ) is the current technique used for measuring surface bond energies methods for determining the surface-adsorbate bond energy are of limited value for constructing the PES

  14. Measurement of electron temperatures and electron energy distribution functions in dual frequency capacitively coupled CF4/O2 plasmas using

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Economou, Demetre J.

    Measurement of electron temperatures and electron energy distribution functions in dual frequency; published 31 July 2009 Measurements of electron temperatures Te and electron energy distribution functions the energy of the ions incident on the LF electrode was widely distributed up to 850 eV. Lee et al.10

  15. Free energy inference from partial work measurements Fluctuation Relations (FRs) are among the few general exact results

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Potsdam, Universität

    Free energy inference from partial work measurements Fluctuation Relations (FRs) are among the few application is free energy recovery from non-equilibrium pulling experiments in the single molecule field. We is a "partial" work measurement): it leads to a violation of FRs and to wrong free energy estimates

  16. Quantum measurement and the first law of thermodynamics: the energy cost of measurement is the work value of the acquired information

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kurt Jacobs

    2012-11-03

    The energy cost of measurement is an interesting fundamental question, and may have profound implications for quantum technologies. In the context of Maxwell's demon, it is often stated that measurement has no minimum energy cost, while information has a work value, even though these statements can appear contradictory. However, as we elucidate, these statements do no refer to the cost paid by the measuring device. Here we show that it is only when a measuring device has access to a zero temperature reservoir - that is, never - that the measurement requires no energy. All real measuring devices pay the cost that a heat engine pays to obtain the work value of the information they acquire.

  17. Marine and Hydrokinetic Renewable Energy Devices, Potential Navigational Hazards and Mitigation Measures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cool, Richard, M.; Hudon, Thomas, J.; Basco, David, R.; Rondorf, Neil, E.

    2009-12-01

    On April 15, 2008, the Department of Energy (DOE) issued a Funding Opportunity Announcement for Advanced Water Power Projects which included a Topic Area for Marine and Hydrokinetic Renewable Energy Market Acceleration Projects. Within this Topic Area, DOE identified potential navigational impacts of marine and hydrokinetic renewable energy technologies and measures to prevent adverse impacts on navigation as a sub-topic area. DOE defines marine and hydrokinetic technologies as those capable of utilizing one or more of the following resource categories for energy generation: ocean waves; tides or ocean currents; free flowing water in rivers or streams; and energy generation from the differentials in ocean temperature. PCCI was awarded Cooperative Agreement DE-FC36-08GO18177 from the DOE to identify the potential navigational impacts and mitigation measures for marine hydrokinetic technologies. A technical report addressing our findings is available on this Science and Technology Information site under the Product Title, "Marine and Hydrokinetic Renewable Energy Technologies: Potential Navigational Impacts and Mitigation Measures". This product is a brochure, primarily for project developers, that summarizes important issues in that more comprehensive report, identifies locations where that report can be downloaded, and identifies points of contact for more information.

  18. Analysis of the Energy Savings Potential in K-5 Schools in Hot and Humid Climates: Application of High Performance Measures and Renewable Energy Systems 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Im, P.; Haberl, J.

    2010-01-01

    OF THE ENERGY SAVINGS POTENTIAL IN K-5 SCHOOLS IN HOT AND HUMID CLIMATES: APPLICATION OF HIGH PERFORMANCE MEASURES AND RENEWABLE ENERGY SYSTEMS1 Piljae Im1, and Jeff S. Haberl2 1Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN 2Texas A&M University... recommended as in the ASHRAE Advanced Energy Design Guides for K-12 Schools. As an effort to investigate more energy savings potential for the school building, several other energy savings measures and renewable energy measures were applied to the target...

  19. Electrostatic energy analyzer measurements of low energy zirconium beam parameters in a plasma sputter-type negative ion source

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Malapit, Giovanni M.; Mahinay, Christian Lorenz S.; Poral, Matthew D.; Ramos, Henry J.

    2012-02-15

    A plasma sputter-type negative ion source is utilized to produce and detect negative Zr ions with energies between 150 and 450 eV via a retarding potential-type electrostatic energy analyzer. Traditional and modified semi-cylindrical Faraday cups (FC) inside the analyzer are employed to sample negative Zr ions and measure corresponding ion currents. The traditional FC registered indistinct ion current readings which are attributed to backscattering of ions and secondary electron emissions. The modified Faraday cup with biased repeller guard ring, cut out these signal distortions leaving only ringings as issues which are theoretically compensated by fitting a sigmoidal function into the data. The mean energy and energy spread are calculated using the ion current versus retarding potential data while the beam width values are determined from the data of the transverse measurement of ion current. The most energetic negative Zr ions yield tighter energy spread at 4.11 eV compared to the least energetic negative Zr ions at 4.79 eV. The smallest calculated beam width is 1.04 cm for the negative Zr ions with the highest mean energy indicating a more focused beam in contrast to the less energetic negative Zr ions due to space charge forces.

  20. mobilizing undergrads to break the link between poverty and poor health " The world is calling. Heal the world and in the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tong, Liang

    mobilizing undergrads to break the link between poverty and poor health " The world is calling-established link between poverty and poor pediatric health. Our programs, all designed and led by undergraduate

  1. A TECHNOLOGY ASSESSMENT AND FEASIBILITY EVALUATION OF NATURAL GAS ENERGY FLOW MEASUREMENT ALTERNATIVES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kendricks A. Behring II; Eric Kelner; Ali Minachi; Cecil R. Sparks; Thomas B. Morrow; Steven J. Svedeman

    1999-01-01

    Deregulation and open access in the natural gas pipeline industry has changed the gas business environment towards greater reliance on local energy flow rate measurement. What was once a large, stable, and well-defined source of natural gas is now a composite from many small suppliers with greatly varying gas compositions. Unfortunately, the traditional approach to energy flow measurement [using a gas chromatograph (GC) for composition assay in conjunction with a flow meter] is only cost effective for large capacity supplies (typically greater than 1 to 30 million scfd). A less costly approach will encourage more widespread use of energy measurement technology. In turn, the US will benefit from tighter gas inventory control, more efficient pipeline and industrial plant operations, and ultimately lower costs to the consumer. An assessment of the state and direction of technology for natural gas energy flow rate measurement is presented. The alternative technologies were ranked according to their potential to dramatically reduce capital and operating and maintenance (O and M) costs, while improving reliability and accuracy. The top-ranked technologies take an unconventional inference approach to the energy measurement problem. Because of that approach, they will not satisfy the fundamental need for composition assay, but have great potential to reduce industry reliance on the GC. Technological feasibility of the inference approach was demonstrated through the successful development of data correlations that relate energy measurement properties (molecular weight, mass-based heating value, standard density, molar ideal gross heating value, standard volumetric heating value, density, and volume-based heating value) to three inferential properties: standard sound speed, carbon dioxide concentration, and nitrogen concentration (temperature and pressure are also required for the last two). The key advantage of this approach is that inexpensive on-line sensors may be used to measure the inferential variables, which can then be applied (through the data correlations) to convert existing flow meters (ultrasonic, orifice, turbine, rotary, Coriolis, diaphragm, etc.) for on-line energy measurement. The practical issues for field development were evaluated using two transducers extracted from a $100 ultrasonic domestic gas meter, and a $400 infrared sensor.

  2. The Cosmic Ray Energy Spectrum and Related Measurements with the Pierre Auger Observatory

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Abraham, : J.; Abreu, P.; Aglietta, M.; Aguirre, C.; Ahn, E.J.; Allard, D.; Allekotte, I.; Allen, J.; Alvarez-Muniz, J.; Ambrosio, M.; Anchordoqui, L.

    2009-06-01

    These are presentations to be presented at the 31st International Cosmic Ray Conference, in Lodz, Poland during July 2009. It consists of the following presentations: (1) Measurement of the cosmic ray energy spectrum above 10{sup 18} eV with the Pierre Auger Observatory; (2) The cosmic ray flux observed at zenith angles larger than 60 degrees with the Pierre Auger Observatory; (3) Energy calibration of data recorded with the surface detectors of the Pierre Auger Observatory; (4) Exposure of the Hybrid Detector of The Pierre Auger Observatory; and (5) Energy scale derived from Fluorescence Telescopes using Cherenkov Light and Shower Universality.

  3. Energy Efficiency Under Alternative Carbon Policies. Incentives, Measurement, and Interregional Effects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Steinberg, Daniel C.; Boyd, Erin

    2015-08-28

    In this report, we examine and compare how tradable mass-based polices and tradable rate-based policies create different incentives for energy efficiency investments. Through a generalized demonstration and set of examples, we show that as a result of the output subsidy they create, traditional rate-based policies, those that do not credit energy savings from efficiency measures, reduce the incentive for investment in energy efficiency measures relative to an optimally designed mass-based policy or equivalent carbon tax. We then show that this reduced incentive can be partially addressed by modifying the rate-based policy such that electricity savings from energy efficiency measures are treated as a source of zero-carbon generation within the framework of the standard, or equivalently, by assigning avoided emissions credit to the electricity savings at the rate of the intensity target. These approaches result in an extension of the output subsidy to efficiency measures and eliminate the distortion between supply-side and demand-side options for GHG emissions reduction. However, these approaches do not address electricity price distortions resulting from the output subsidy that also impact the value of efficiency measures. Next, we assess alternative approaches for crediting energy efficiency savings within the framework of a rate-based policy. Finally, we identify a number of challenges that arise in implementing a rate-based policy with efficiency crediting, including the requirement to develop robust estimates of electricity savings in order to assess compliance, and the requirement to track the regionality of the generation impacts of efficiency measures to account for their interstate effects.

  4. Measurement of the solar neutrino energy spectrum using neutrino-electron scattering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The Super-Kamiokande collaboration

    1998-12-08

    A measurement of the energy spectrum of recoil electrons from solar neutrino scattering in the Super--Kamiokande detector is presented. The results shown here are obtained from 504 days of data taken between the 31st of May, 1996 and the 25th of March, 1998. The shape of the measured spectrum is compared with the expectation for solar B8 neutrinos. The comparison takes into account both kinematic and detector related effects in the measurement process. The spectral shape comparison between the observation and the expectation gives a chi-square of 25.3 with 15 degrees of freedom, corresponding to a 4.6% confidence level.

  5. Gibbs measures and free energies of the Ising-Vannimenus Model on the Cayley tree

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farrukh Mukhamedov; Hasan Akin

    2015-04-03

    In this paper, we consider Ising-Vannimenus model on a Cayley tree for order two with competing nearest-neighbor, prolonged next-nearest neighbor interactions. We stress that the mentioned model was investigated only numerically, without rigorous (mathematical) proofs. One of the main point of this paper is to propose a measure-theoretical approach the considered model. We find certain conditions for the existence of Gibbs measures corresponding to the model. Then we establish the existence of the phase transition. Moreover, the free energies of the found Gibbs measures are calculated.

  6. Measuring energy-saving retrofits: Experiences from the Texas LoanSTAR program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Haberl, J.S.; Reddy, T.A.; Claridge, D.E.; Turner, W.D.; O`Neal, D.L.; Heffington, W.M. [Texas A and M Univ., College Station, TX (United States). Energy Systems Lab.] [Texas A and M Univ., College Station, TX (United States). Energy Systems Lab.

    1996-02-01

    In 1988 the Governor`s Energy Management Center of Texas received approval from the US Department of Energy to establish a $98.6 million state-wide retrofit demonstration revolving loan program to fund energy-conserving retrofits in state, public school, and local government buildings. As part of this program, a first-of-its-kind, statewide Monitoring and Analysis Program (MAP) was established to verify energy and dollar savings of the retrofits, reduce energy costs by identifying operational and maintenance improvements, improve retrofit selection in future rounds of the LoanSTAR program, and initiate a data base of energy use in institutional and commercial buildings located in Texas. This report discusses the LoanSTAR MAP with an emphasis on the process of acquiring and analyzing data to measure savings from energy conservation retrofits when budgets are a constraint. This report includes a discussion of the program structure, basic measurement techniques, data archiving and handling, data reporting and analysis, and includes selected examples from LoanSTAR agencies. A summary of the program results for the first two years of monitoring is also included.

  7. The Cross Section of 3He(3He,2p)4He measured at Solar Energies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The LUNA Collaboration; M. Junker; A. D'Alessandro; S. Zavatarelli; C. Arpesella; E. Bellotti; C. Broggini; P. Corvisiero; G. Fiorentini; A. Fubini; G. Gervino; U. Greife; C. Gustavino; J. Lambert; P. Prati; W. S. Rodney; C. Rolfs; F. Strieder; H. P. Trautvetter; D. Zahnow

    1998-02-06

    We report on the results of the \\hethet\\ experiment at the underground accelerator facility LUNA (Gran Sasso). For the first time the lowest projectile energies utilized for the cross section measurement correspond to energies below the center of the solar Gamow peak ($E_{\\rm 0}$=22 keV). The data provide no evidence for the existence of a hypothetical resonance in the energy range investigated. Although no extrapolation is needed anymore (except for energies at the low-energy tail of the Gamow peak), the data must be corrected for the effects of electron screening, clearly observed the first time for the \\hethet\\ reaction. The effects are however larger than expected and not understood, leading presently to the largest uncertainty on the quoted $S_{\\rm b}(E_{\\rm 0})$ value for bare nuclides (=5.40 MeV b).

  8. Measuring proton energies and fluxes using EIT (SOHO) CCD areas outside the solar disk images

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    L. V. Didkovsky; D. L. Judge; A. R. Jones; E. J. Rhodes, Jr.; J. B. Gurman

    2006-04-20

    An indirect proton flux measuring tool based on discrimination of the energy deposited by protons in 128 x 128 pixel EIT CCD areas outside the solar disk images is presented. Single pixel intensity events are converted into proton incident energy flux using modeled energy deposition curves for angles of incidence 60 deg in four EIT spatial areas with different proton stopping power. The extracted proton flux is corrected for both the loss of one-pixel events in the range of angles of incidence as well as for the contribution to the single pixel events resulting from scattered middle-energy protons (low-energy or high-energy particles are stopped by the EIT components or pass through them, accordingly). A simple geometrical approach was found and applied to correct for a non-unique relation between the proton-associated CCD output signal and the incident proton energy. With this geometrical approximation four unique proton incident energy ranges were determined as 45--49, 145--154, 297--335, and 390--440 MeV. The indirect proton flux measuring tool has been tested by comparing Solar Energetic Particles (SEP) flux temporal profiles extracted from the EIT CCD frames and downloaded from the GOES database for the Bastille Day (BD) of 2000 July 14 and the more recent 2005 January 20 events. The SEP flux temporal profiles and proton spectra extracted from the EIT in the relatively narrow energy ranges between 45 and 440 MeV reported here are consistent with the related GOES profiles. The four additional EIT extracted ranges provide higher energy resolution of the SEP data.

  9. defects;simultaneously,the energy loss of the transmitted electrons is measured, revealing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Palumbi, Stephen

    defects;simultaneously,the energy loss of the transmitted electrons is measured, revealing the electronic effects of the missing oxygen atoms on the surrounding atoms (that is, changes in their oxidationTiO3 (top) is clear in this image created by Muller et al.3 using a scanning transmission electron

  10. Measurement of the flux of ultra high energy cosmic rays using data from very inclined air

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hebbeker, Thomas

    Measurement of the flux of ultra high energy cosmic rays using data from very inclined air showers.1.2 Cosmic rays above 100 TeV . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 3.2 Extensive air-model of the hadronic cascade . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 3.3 Very inclined air showers

  11. Review of Methods for Measuring and Verifying Savings from Energy Conservation Retrofits to Existing Buildings 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haberl, J. S.; Culp, C.

    2003-01-01

    The Measurement & Verification (M&V) process has evolved in the last 15 years to provide a high confidence approach for determining the resulting savings from a variety of retrofits and energy efficiency enhancements. M&V has a dual role. First...

  12. Measurements of chemical erosion of ATJ graphite by low energy D

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abstract We report on initial results of chemical sputtering of ATJ graphite by impact of Dþ 2Measurements of chemical erosion of ATJ graphite by low energy Dþ 2 impact F.W. Meyer *, H. PACS: 34.50.Dy; 52.20.Hv; 52.40.Hf; 79.20.Àm; 79.20.Rf Keywords: Carbon-based materials; Chemical

  13. Filter-fluorescer measurement of low-voltage simulator x-ray energy spectra

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Baldwin, G.T.; Craven, R.E.

    1986-01-01

    X-ray energy spectra of the Maxwell Laboratories MBS and Physics International Pulserad 737 were measured using an eight-channel filter-fluorescer array. The PHOSCAT computer code was used to calculate channel response functions, and the UFO code to unfold spectrum.

  14. Models and measurements of energy-dependent quenching Julia Zaks Kapil Amarnath

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fleming, Graham R.

    REVIEW Models and measurements of energy-dependent quenching Julia Zaks · Kapil Amarnath · Emily J of electron transport reactions that ultimately lead to the reduction of Julia Zaks, Kapil Amarnath, Emily J. Sylak-Glassman have contributed equally. J. Zaks Á K. Amarnath Á E. J. Sylak-Glassman Á G. R. Fleming

  15. Measure Guideline. Replacing Single-Speed Pool Pumps with Variable Speed Pumps for Energy Savings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hunt, A.; Easley, S.

    2012-05-01

    This measure guideline evaluates potential energy savings by replacing traditional single-speed pool pumps with variable speed pool pumps, and provides a basic cost comparison between continued uses of traditional pumps verses new pumps. A simple step-by-step process for inspecting the pool area and installing a new pool pump follows.

  16. Measurement of nuclear effects in neutrino interactions with minimal dependence on neutrino energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lu, X -G; Dolan, S; Barr, G; Coplowe, D; Uchida, Y; Wark, D; Wascko, M O; Weber, A; Yuan, T

    2015-01-01

    We present a phenomenological study of nuclear effects in neutrino charged-current interactions, using transverse kinematic imbalances in exclusive measurements as a direct probe. Novel observables with minimal dependence on neutrino energy are proposed to study quasielastic scattering, and especially resonance production. They should be able to provide direct constraints on nuclear effects in neutrino- and antineutrino-nucleus interactions.

  17. A Simple Method to Continuous Measurement of Energy Consumption of Tank Less Gas Water Heaters for Commercial Buildings 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yamaha, M.; Fujita, M.; Miyoshi, T.

    2006-01-01

    energy consumptions of hot water supply in restaurants or residential houses are large amount, guidelines for optimal design are not presented. measurements of energy consumption of tank less gas water heaters very difficult unless gas flow meters...

  18. Techniques and tools for measuring energy efficiency of scientific software applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    David Abdurachmanov; Peter Elmer; Giulio Eulisse; Robert Knight; Tapio Niemi; Jukka K. Nurminen; Filip Nyback; Goncalo Pestana; Zhonghong Ou; Kashif Khan

    2014-10-10

    The scale of scientific High Performance Computing (HPC) and High Throughput Computing (HTC) has increased significantly in recent years, and is becoming sensitive to total energy use and cost. Energy-efficiency has thus become an important concern in scientific fields such as High Energy Physics (HEP). There has been a growing interest in utilizing alternate architectures, such as low power ARM processors, to replace traditional Intel x86 architectures. Nevertheless, even though such solutions have been successfully used in mobile applications with low I/O and memory demands, it is unclear if they are suitable and more energy-efficient in the scientific computing environment. Furthermore, there is a lack of tools and experience to derive and compare power consumption between the architectures for various workloads, and eventually to support software optimizations for energy efficiency. To that end, we have performed several physical and software-based measurements of workloads from HEP applications running on ARM and Intel architectures, and compare their power consumption and performance. We leverage several profiling tools (both in hardware and software) to extract different characteristics of the power use. We report the results of these measurements and the experience gained in developing a set of measurement techniques and profiling tools to accurately assess the power consumption for scientific workloads.

  19. Poverty of the Stimulus? A Rational Approach Amy Perfors1 (perfors@mit.edu), Joshua B. Tenenbaum1 (jbt@mit.edu),

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Regier, Terry

    Poverty of the Stimulus? A Rational Approach Amy Perfors1 (perfors@mit.edu), Joshua B. Tenenbaum1, MIT; 2 Department of Psychology, University of Chicago Abstract The Poverty of the Stimulus (Po that these generalizations can best be explained by innate knowledge, known as the argument from the Poverty of the Stimulus

  20. "Individuals, families and groups in the population can be said to be in poverty when they lack resources to obtain the type of diet, participate in the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neri, Peter

    to be in poverty when they lack resources to obtain the type of diet, participate in the activities and have Poverty Bites: Food, health and poor families Unhealthy Lives: Intergenerational links between child poverty and poor health in the UK, http://www.endchildpoverty.org.uk/files/ECP%20Health%20Summary

  1. www.irp.wisc.edu No. 182013 Fast Focus is an occasional, electronic-only supplement to Focus on recent poverty research.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liblit, Ben

    to Focus on recent poverty research. The Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) and Temporary Assistance for Needy in the short-term while building families' capacity to avoid poverty in the long-term without increasing of poverty. The operational phase of that three-year pilot program con- cluded in 2010, as planned. MDRC

  2. WP05 Labour's record on cash transfers, poverty, inequality and the lifecycle 1997-2010 Labour's Record on Neighbourhood Renewal in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Banaji,. Murad

    WP05 Labour's record on cash transfers, poverty, inequality and the lifecycle 1997-2010 Labour of wealth, poverty, income inequality and spatial difference. The full programme of analysis will include and on poverty and inequality particularly. This provides a baseline for analysing and understanding the changes

  3. Review of Evaluation, Measurement and Verification Approaches Used to Estimate the Load Impacts and Effectiveness of Energy Efficiency Programs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    none,

    2012-04-01

    Provides an overview of evaluation, measurement, and verification approaches used to estimate the load impacts and effectiveness of energy efficiency programs.

  4. Measurement of the top-quark mass from the b jet energy spectrum

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CMS Collaboration

    2015-01-01

    The top-quark mass is measured using the peak position of the energy distribution of b jets produced from top-quark decays. The analysis is based on a recent theoretical proposal. The measurement is carried out selecting $\\mathrm{t\\overline{t}}$ events with one electron and one muon in the final state in proton-proton collision data at $\\sqrt{s}=8~\\mathrm{TeV}$, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 19.7$~\\mathrm{fb}^{-1}$. The fitted peak position of the observed energy distribution is calibrated using simulated events and translated to a top-quark mass measurement using relativistic kinematics, with the result $m_{\\mathrm{t}}=172.29\\pm1.17\\,(\\mathrm{stat.})\\pm2.66\\,(\\mathrm{syst.})~\\mathrm{GeV}$.

  5. Protocol for Uniformly Measuring and Expressing the Performance of Energy Storage Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Conover, David R.; Crawford, Aladsair J.; Viswanathan, Vilayanur V.; Ferreira, Summer; Schoenwald, David

    2014-06-01

    The Protocol for Uniformly Measuring and Expressing the Performance of Energy Storage Systems (PNNL-22010) was first issued in November 2012 as a first step toward providing a foundational basis for developing an initial standard for the uniform measurement and expression of energy storage system (ESS) performance. Its subsequent use in the field and review by the protocol working group and most importantly the users’ subgroup and the thermal subgroup has led to the fundamental modifications reflected in this update of the 2012 Protocol. As an update of the 2012 Protocol, this document (the June 2014 Protocol) is intended to supersede its predecessor and be used as the basis for measuring and expressing ESS performance. The foreword provides general and specific details about what additions, revisions, and enhancements have been made to the 2012 Protocol and the rationale for them in arriving at the June 2014 Protocol.

  6. Evaluation of Modeled and Measured Energy Savings in Existing All Electric Public Housing in the Pacific Northwest

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gordon, Andrew; Lubliner, Michael; Howard, Luke; Kunkle, Rick; Salzberg, Emily

    2014-04-01

    This project analyzes the cost effectiveness of energy savings measures installed by a large public housing authority in Salishan, a community in Tacoma Washington. Research focuses on the modeled and measured energy usage of the first six phases of construction, and compares the energy usage of those phases to phase 7. Market-ready energy solutions were also evaluated to improve the efficiency of affordable housing for new and existing (built since 2001) affordable housing in the marine climate of Washington State.

  7. In reaction to the international energy crisis of the 1970s, Syracuse University institutes sustainability measures, calling for energy conservation. The University initiates a campus recycling program.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McConnell, Terry

    sustainability measures, calling for energy conservation. 1990 The University initiates a campus recycling the Department of Energy and Computing Management (now Energy Systems and Sustainability Management). University campus buildings to save energy over year-end holidays. Sustainability Division completes Climate Action

  8. Knowledge is power: How information alone can cause commercial customers to install energy-efficient measures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Garafalo, A.; Mulholland, C.

    1994-12-31

    As part of their overall efforts to encourage Commercial and Industrial customers to become more energy efficient, many utilities offer Energy Audit Programs. This type of program has two main purposes. First, it offers the utility`s commercial and industrial (C/I) customers the opportunity to identify ways in which they can increase the overall energy efficiency of their facilities through the installation of more energy-efficient lighting, space conditioning, thermal efficiency, and other measures. Secondly, audit programs offer a utility public relations value because such programs usually have a positive reception among customers. The first purpose, however, that of educating customers about the energy efficiency of their facilities, is the key to potential energy savings. Many audit programs are designed to feed directly into a utility`s rebate program, and thus offer good marketing opportunities for demand side management. Many utilities and regulatory bodies consider C/I audit programs to be non-resource or information-only programs. There are quantifiable benefits to these programs beyond the marketing leads they provide for the rebate programs. Since 1987, Applied Energy Group, Inc. (AEG) has been involved in the measurement of savings attributable to energy audit programs. Through years of development and refinement, AEG has developed a process which is able to identify savings attributable solely to a utility`s energy audit program, effectively netting out the results achieved through the efforts of a rebate program. This process also factors out free ridership and ensures that there is no double counting of savings between audit and rebate programs. The findings presented here focus on the work that AEG has done for two of its utility clients: Rochester Gas & Electric (RG&E) and Long Island Lighting Company (LILCO) during the course of evaluating their 1990 and 1991 C/I programs.

  9. Evaluation of Model Results and Measured Performance of Net-Zero Energy Homes in Hawaii: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Norton, P.; Kiatreungwattana, K.; Kelly, K. J.

    2013-03-01

    The Kaupuni community consists of 19 affordable net-zero energy homes that were built within the Waianae Valley of Oahu, Hawaii in 2011. The project was developed for the native Hawaiian community led by the Department of Hawaiian Homelands. This paper presents a comparison of the modeled and measured energy performance of the homes. Over the first year of occupancy, the community as a whole performed within 1% of the net-zero energy goals. The data show a range of performance from house to house with the majority of the homes consistently near or exceeding net-zero, while a few fall short of the predicted net-zero energy performance. The impact of building floor plan, weather, and cooling set point on this comparison is discussed. The project demonstrates the value of using building energy simulations as a tool to assist the project to achieve energy performance goals. Lessons learned from the energy performance monitoring has had immediate benefits in providing feedback to the homeowners, and will be used to influence future energy efficient designs in Hawaii and other tropical climates.

  10. The prospects for constraining dark energy with future X-ray cluster gas mass fraction measurements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    David Rapetti; Steven W. Allen; Adam Mantz

    2008-06-25

    We examine the ability of a future X-ray observatory to constrain dark energy via measurements of the cluster X-ray gas mass fraction, fgas. We find that fgas measurements for a sample of ~500 hot, X-ray bright, dynamically relaxed clusters, to a precision of ~5 per cent, can be used to constrain dark energy with a Dark Energy Task Force (DETF) figure of merit of 15-40, with the possibility of boosting these values by 40 per cent or more by optimizing the redshift distribution of target clusters. Such constraints are comparable to those predicted by the DETF for other leading, planned dark energy experiments. A future fgas experiment will be preceded by a large X-ray or SZ survey that will find hot, X-ray luminous clusters out to high redshifts. Short `snapshot' observations with the new X-ray observatory should then be able to identify a sample of ~500 suitably relaxed systems. The redshift, temperature and X-ray luminosity range of interest has already been partially probed by existing X-ray cluster surveys which allow reasonable estimates of the fraction of clusters that will be suitably relaxed for fgas work. Our analysis uses a Markov Chain Monte Carlo method which fully captures the relevant degeneracies between parameters and facilitates the incorporation of priors and systematic uncertainties in the analysis. We explore the effects of such uncertainties for scenarios ranging from optimistic to pessimistic. We conclude that the fgas experiment will provide tight constraints on the mean matter and dark energy densities, with a peak sensitivity for dark energy work at redshifts midway between those of supernovae and baryon acoustic oscillation/weak lensing/cluster number counts experiments. In combination, these experiments should enable a precise measurement of the evolution of dark energy. (Abridged)

  11. Transport poverty meets the digital divide: accessibility and connectivity in rural communities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edwards, Pete

    Transport poverty meets the digital divide: accessibility and connectivity in rural communities's, Aberdeen AB24 3UF, UK a r t i c l e i n f o Keywords: Transport technologies Rural communities Accessibility and connectivity a b s t r a c t Rural communities face a range of challenges associated

  12. Revised draft The effects of global shocks on poverty and food security in Vietnam

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coxhead, Ian

    Revised draft The effects of global shocks on poverty and food security in Vietnam Ian Coxhead and Vu Hoang Linh1 Abstract Vietnam, a transitional economy, has faced a series of shocks from global-Madison, USA. Vu Hoang Linh is Research Fellow, Indochina Research & Consulting, Hanoi, Vietnam. The authors

  13. The G8 must fund the war against poverty: JEFFREY SACHS. By JEFFREY SACHS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    COMMENT The G8 must fund the war against poverty: JEFFREY SACHS. By JEFFREY SACHS 768 words 7 June outlays in Iraq and Afghanistan. The G8 should start by remembering its promises. The millennium, the G8 and other signatories urged "developed countries that have not done so to make concrete efforts

  14. Final Report on MAPPR Project: The Detroit Living Wage Ordinance: Will it Reduce Urban Poverty?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Riley, Shawn J.

    Final Report on MAPPR Project: The Detroit Living Wage Ordinance: Will it Reduce Urban Poverty? David Neumark May 30, 2001 #12;Detroit's Living Wage Ordinance The Detroit Living Wage Ordinance passed in the fall of 1998. As in other major urban areas passing living wage ordinances in the 1990s, Detroit

  15. Addressing the Needs of Students Living in Poverty through Comprehensive School Reform

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walker, Lawrence R.

    Addressing the Needs of Students Living in Poverty through Comprehensive School Reform Joseph John had 100% of their students qualifying for FRL. Nationally, Comprehensive School Reform efforts, which proposes a Full Service Community Schools model for Comprehensive School Reform, and (b) AB 448

  16. Ris Energy Report 8 The intelligent energy system infrastructure for the future

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Risø Energy Report 8 The intelligent energy system infrastructure for the future Reprint Petersen #12;Risø Energy Report 5 Renewable energy for power and transport Global energy policy today is dominated by three concerns: security of supply, climate change, and energy for development and poverty

  17. Protocol for Uniformly Measuring and Expressing the Performance of Energy Storage Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bray, Kathryn L.; Conover, David R.; Kintner-Meyer, Michael CW; Viswanathan, Vijayganesh; Ferreira, Summer; Rose, David; Schoenwald, David

    2012-10-01

    The U.S. Department of Energy’s Energy Storage Systems (ESS) Program, through the support of Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) and Sandia National Laboratories (SNL), facilitated the development of the protocol provided in this report. The focus of the protocol is to provide a uniform way of measuring, quantifying, and reporting the performance of EESs in various applications; something that does not exist today and, as such, is hampering the consideration and use of this technology in the market. The availability of an application-specific protocol for use in measuring and expressing performance-related metrics of ESSs will allow technology developers, power-grid operators and other end-users to evaluate the performance of energy storage technologies on a uniform and comparable basis. This will help differentiate technologies and products for specific application(s) and provide transparency in how performance is measured. It also will assist utilities and other consumers of ESSs make more informed decisions as they consider the potential application and use of ESSs, as well as form the basis for documentation that might be required to justify utility investment in such technologies.

  18. Energy Efficiency / Renewable Energy (EE/RE) Projects in Texas Public Schools: Top Four Measures 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, H.; Haberl, J.; Mukhopadhyay, J.; Baltazar, J.C.; Do, S.; Kim, K.; Yazdani, B.; Yarborough, J.

    2012-01-01

    of Finance, together with the Ministry of Construction P.R.C, is selecting cities with different climates to carry out demonstrations of renewable energy applications in buildings. Xi'an, a representative city in the West, is selected to demonstrate large...

  19. Measurement of the atmospheric muon charge ratio at TeV energies with MINOS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Adamson, P.; Andreopoulos, C.; Arms, K.E.; Armstrong, R.; Auty, D.J.; Avvakumov, S.; Ayres, D.S.; Baller, B.; Barish, B.; Barnes, P.D., Jr.; Barr, G.; /Fermilab /University Coll. London /Rutherford /Minnesota U. /Indiana U. /Sussex U. /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /Argonne /Caltech /LLNL, Livermore /Oxford U.

    2007-05-01

    The 5.4 kton MINOS far detector has been taking charge-separated cosmic ray muon data since the beginning of August, 2003 at a depth of 2070 m.w.e. in the Soudan Underground Laboratory, Minnesota, USA. The data with both forward and reversed magnetic field running configurations were combined to minimize systematic errors in the determination of the underground muon charge ratio. When averaged, two independent analyses find the charge ratio underground to be N{sub {mu}}+/N{sub {mu}}-=1.374{+-}0.004(stat)-0.010{sup +0.012}(sys). Using the map of the Soudan rock overburden, the muon momenta as measured underground were projected to the corresponding values at the surface in the energy range 1-7 TeV. Within this range of energies at the surface, the MINOS data are consistent with the charge ratio being energy independent at the 2 standard deviation level. When the MINOS results are compared with measurements at lower energies, a clear rise in the charge ratio in the energy range 0.3-1.0 TeV is apparent. A qualitative model shows that the rise is consistent with an increasing contribution of kaon decays to the muon charge ratio.

  20. Standard Practice for Measuring Plasma Arc Gas Enthalpy by Energy Balance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    American Society for Testing and Materials. Philadelphia

    2008-01-01

    1.1 This practice covers the measurement of total gas enthalpy of an electric-arc-heated gas stream by means of an overall system energy balance. This is sometimes referred to as a bulk enthalpy and represents an average energy content of the test stream which may differ from local values in the test stream. 1.2 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

  1. Measurements of continuous mix evolution in a high energy density shear flow

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Loomis, E. Doss, F.; Flippo, K.; Fincke, J.

    2014-04-15

    We report on the novel integration of streaked radiography into a counter-flowing High Energy Density (HED) shear environment that continually measures a growing mix layer of Al separating two low-density CH foams. Measurements of the mix width allow us to validate compressible turbulence models and with streaked imaging, make this possible with a minimal number of experiments on large laser facilities. In this paper, we describe how the HED counter-flowing shear layer is created and diagnosed with streaked radiography. We then compare the streaked data to previous two-dimensional, single frame radiography and radiation hydrodynamic simulations of the experiment with inline compressible turbulent mix models.

  2. Formalism for Simulation-based Optimization of Measurement Errors in High Energy Physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yuehong Xie

    2009-04-29

    Miminizing errors of the physical parameters of interest should be the ultimate goal of any event selection optimization in high energy physics data analysis involving parameter determination. Quick and reliable error estimation is a crucial ingredient for realizing this goal. In this paper we derive a formalism for direct evaluation of measurement errors using the signal probability density function and large fully simulated signal and background samples without need for data fitting and background modelling. We illustrate the elegance of the formalism in the case of event selection optimization for CP violation measurement in B decays. The implication of this formalism on choosing event variables for data analysis is discussed.

  3. The Home Energy Score: Measuring 'MPG' For Your Home | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankADVANCEDInstallers/ContractorsPhotovoltaicsState of Pennsylvania U.S.The First FiveThe Home Energy Score:

  4. Measurement of the direct energy gap of coherently strained SnxGe1x Ge,,001... heterostructures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Atwater, Harry

    Measurement of the direct energy gap of coherently strained SnxGe1Àx ÕGe,,001... heterostructures The direct energy gap has been measured for coherently strained SnxGe1 x alloys on Ge 001 substrates with 0 for coherently strained SnxGe1 x alloys indicates a large alloy contribution and a small strain contribution

  5. Dual-energy synchrotron X ray measurements of rapid soil density and water content changes in swelling soils

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walter, M.Todd

    Dual-energy synchrotron X ray measurements of rapid soil density and water content changes-energy synchrotron X ray to measure, for the first time, the water content and bulk density changes during the fast soils and materials is hampered by the difficulty of accurately mea- suring both the water content

  6. Marine and Hydrokinetic Renewable Energy Technologies: Potential Navigational Impacts and Mitigation Measures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cool, Richard, M.; Hudon, Thomas, J.; Basco, David, R.; Rondorf, Neil, E.

    2009-12-10

    On April 15, 2008, the Department of Energy (DOE) issued a Funding Opportunity Announcement for Advanced Water Power Projects which included a Topic Area for Marine and Hydrokinetic Renewable Energy Market Acceleration Projects. Within this Topic Area, DOE identified potential navigational impacts of marine and hydrokinetic renewable energy technologies and measures to prevent adverse impacts on navigation as a sub-topic area. DOE defines marine and hydrokinetic technologies as those capable of utilizing one or more of the following resource categories for energy generation: ocean waves; tides or ocean currents; free flowing water in rivers or streams; and energy generation from the differentials in ocean temperature. PCCI was awarded Cooperative Agreement DE-FC36-08GO18177 from the DOE to identify the potential navigational impacts and mitigation measures for marine hydrokinetic technologies, as summarized herein. The contract also required cooperation with the U.S. Coast Guard (USCG) and two recipients of awards (Pacific Energy Ventures and reVision) in a sub-topic area to develop a protocol to identify streamlined, best-siting practices. Over the period of this contract, PCCI and our sub-consultants, David Basco, Ph.D., and Neil Rondorf of Science Applications International Corporation, met with USCG headquarters personnel, with U.S. Army Corps of Engineers headquarters and regional personnel, with U.S. Navy regional personnel and other ocean users in order to develop an understanding of existing practices for the identification of navigational impacts that might occur during construction, operation, maintenance, and decommissioning. At these same meetings, “standard” and potential mitigation measures were discussed so that guidance could be prepared for project developers. Concurrently, PCCI reviewed navigation guidance published by the USCG and international community. This report summarizes the results of this effort, provides guidance in the form of a checklist for assessing the navigational impacts of potential marine and hydrokinetic projects, and provides guidance for improving the existing navigational guidance promulgated by the USCG in Navigation Vessel Inspection Circular 02 07. At the request of the USCG, our checklist and mitigation guidance was written in a generic nature so that it could be equally applied to offshore wind projects. PCCI teleconferenced on a monthly basis with DOE, Pacific Energy Ventures and reVision in order to share information and review work products. Although the focus of our effort was on marine and hydrokinetic technologies, as defined above, this effort drew upon earlier work by the USCG on offshore wind renewable energy installations. The guidance provided herein can be applied equally to marine and hydrokinetic technologies and to offshore wind, which are collectively referred to by the USCG as Renewable Energy Installations.

  7. Measuring and tuning energy efficiency on large scale high performance computing platforms.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Laros, James H., III

    2011-08-01

    Recognition of the importance of power in the field of High Performance Computing, whether it be as an obstacle, expense or design consideration, has never been greater and more pervasive. While research has been conducted on many related aspects, there is a stark absence of work focused on large scale High Performance Computing. Part of the reason is the lack of measurement capability currently available on small or large platforms. Typically, research is conducted using coarse methods of measurement such as inserting a power meter between the power source and the platform, or fine grained measurements using custom instrumented boards (with obvious limitations in scale). To collect the measurements necessary to analyze real scientific computing applications at large scale, an in-situ measurement capability must exist on a large scale capability class platform. In response to this challenge, we exploit the unique power measurement capabilities of the Cray XT architecture to gain an understanding of power use and the effects of tuning. We apply these capabilities at the operating system level by deterministically halting cores when idle. At the application level, we gain an understanding of the power requirements of a range of important DOE/NNSA production scientific computing applications running at large scale (thousands of nodes), while simultaneously collecting current and voltage measurements on the hosting nodes. We examine the effects of both CPU and network bandwidth tuning and demonstrate energy savings opportunities of up to 39% with little or no impact on run-time performance. Capturing scale effects in our experimental results was key. Our results provide strong evidence that next generation large-scale platforms should not only approach CPU frequency scaling differently, but could also benefit from the capability to tune other platform components, such as the network, to achieve energy efficient performance.

  8. Exclusive Measurements of the b to s gamma Transition Rate and Photon Energy Spectrum

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lees, J.P.; Poireau, V.; Tisserand, V.; /Annecy, LAPP; Garra Tico, J.; Grauges, E.; /Barcelona U., ECM; Palano, A.; /Bari U. /INFN, Bari; Eigen, G.; Stugu, B.; /Bergen U.; Brown, David Nathan; Kerth, L.T.; Kolomensky, Yu.G.; Lynch, G.; /LBL, Berkeley /UC, Berkeley; Koch, H.; Schroeder, T.; /Ruhr U., Bochum; Asgeirsson, D.J.; Hearty, C.; Mattison, T.S.; McKenna, J.A.; /British Columbia U.; Khan, A.; /Brunel U.; Blinov, V.E.; Buzykaev, A.R.; /Novosibirsk, IYF /UC, Irvine /UC, Riverside /UC, Santa Barbara /UC, Santa Cruz /Caltech /Cincinnati U. /Colorado U. /Colorado State U. /Dortmund U. /Dresden, Tech. U. /Ecole Polytechnique /Edinburgh U. /Ferrara U. /INFN, Ferrara /Frascati /Genoa U. /INFN, Genoa /Indian Inst. Tech., Guwahati /Harvard U. /Harvey Mudd Coll. /Heidelberg U. /Humboldt U., Berlin /Imperial Coll., London /Iowa State U. /Iowa State U. /Johns Hopkins U. /Orsay, LAL /LLNL, Livermore /Liverpool U. /Queen Mary, U. of London /Royal Holloway, U. of London /Louisville U. /Mainz U., Inst. Kernphys. /Manchester U., Comp. Sci. Dept. /Maryland U. /Massachusetts U., Amherst /MIT /McGill U. /Milan U. /INFN, Milan /Mississippi U. /Montreal U. /Naples U. /INFN, Naples /NIKHEF, Amsterdam /Notre Dame U. /Ohio State U.; /more authors..

    2012-08-30

    We use 429 fb{sup -1} of e{sup +}e{sup -} collision data collected at the {Upsilon}(4S) resonance with the BABAR detector to measure the radiative transition rate of b {yields} s{gamma} with a sum of 38 exclusive final states. The inclusive branching fraction with a minimum photon energy of 1.9 GeV is found to be {Beta}({bar B} {yields} Xs{gamma}) = (3.29 {+-} 0.19 {+-} 0.48) x 10{sup -4} where the first uncertainty is statistical and the second is systematic. We also measure the first and second moments of the photon energy spectrum and extract the best fit values for the heavy-quark parameters, m{sub b} and {mu}{sub {pi}}{sup 2}, in the kinetic and shape function models.

  9. Exclusive Measurements of b -> s gamma Transition Rate and Photon Energy Spectrum

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The BABAR Collaboration

    2012-08-30

    We use 429 fb$^{-1}$ of $e^+e^-$ collision data collected at the $\\Upsilon(4S)$ resonance with the BABAR detector to measure the radiative transition rate of $b\\rightarrow s\\gamma$ with a sum of 38 exclusive final states. The inclusive branching fraction with a minimum photon energy of 1.9 GeV is found to be $\\mathcal{B}(\\bar B \\rightarrow X_{s}\\gamma)=(3.29\\pm 0.19\\pm 0.48)\\times 10^{-4}$ where the first uncertainty is statistical and the second is systematic. We also measure the first and second moments of the photon energy spectrum and extract the best fit values for the heavy-quark parameters, $m_{b}$ and $\\mu_{\\pi}^{2}$, in the kinetic and shape function models.

  10. Student difficulties with the probability distribution for measuring energy and position in quantum mechanics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Singh, Chandralekha

    2015-01-01

    We have been investigating the difficulties that students in upper-level undergraduate courses have in determining the probability distribution for measuring energy and position as a function of time when the initial wave function is explicitly given. We administered written free-response and multiple-choice questions to investigate these difficulties. We find that students have common difficulties with these concepts. We discuss some of the findings.

  11. Minimal Energy Cost for Thermodynamic Information Processing: Measurement and Information Erasure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Takahiro Sagawa; Masahito Ueda

    2009-05-30

    The fundamental lower bounds of the thermodynamic energy cost (work) needed for the measurement and the erasure of information are found. The lower bound for the erasure vindicates the "Landauer's principle" for a special case, but otherwise implies its breakdown, indicating that no unique relationship exists between logical reversibility and physical one. Our results constitute the second law of "information thermodynamics", in which the information content and thermodynamic variables are treated on an equal footing.

  12. Rebates: The Energy Efficiency Measure that Can Make a Major Difference 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haun, C. R.

    1985-01-01

    no weatherization improvements have been made, tenants suddenly finb themselves responsible for additional payments for which they either have not budgeted, or for which they simply do not have sufficient resources. 1 Even when weatherization measures have been... Technology is pressing for passage of an ordinance in Chicago that would require building owners to bring property up to energy-efficiency weatherization standards before they would be permitted to convert. MANAGEMENT CONTROL Through the use of a...

  13. Protocol for uniformly measuring and expressing the performance of energy storage systems.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ferreira, Summer Rhodes; Rose, David Martin; Schoenwald, David Alan; Bray, Kathy; Conover, David; Kintner-Meyer, Michael; Viswanathan, Vilayanur

    2013-08-01

    The U.S. Department of Energy's Energy Storage Systems (ESS) Program, through the support of Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) and Sandia National Laboratories (SNL), facilitated the development of the protocol provided in this report. The focus of the protocol is to provide a uniform way of measuring, quantifying, and reporting the performance of ESSs in various applications; something that does not exist today and, as such, is hampering the consideration and use of this technology in the market. The availability of an application-specific protocol for use in measuring and expressing performance-related metrics of ESSs will allow technology developers, power-grid operators and other end-users to evaluate the performance of energy storage technologies on a uniform and comparable basis. This will help differentiate technologies and products for specific application(s) and provide transparency in how performance is measured. It also will assist utilities and other consumers of ESSs to make more informed decisions as they consider the potential application and use of ESSs, as well as form the basis for documentation that might be required to justify utility investment in such technologies.

  14. Energy Yield Determination of Concentrator Solar Cells using Laboratory Measurements: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Geisz, John F.; Garcia, Ivan; McMahon, William E.; Steiner, Myles A.; Ochoa, Mario; France, Ryan M.; Habte, Aron; Friedman, Daniel J.

    2015-09-14

    The annual energy conversion efficiency is calculated for a four junction inverted metamorphic solar cell that has been completely characterized in the laboratory at room temperature using measurements fit to a comprehensive optoelectronic model of the multijunction solar cells. A simple model of the temperature dependence is used to predict the performance of the solar cell under varying temperature and spectra characteristic of Golden, CO for an entire year. The annual energy conversion efficiency is calculated by integrating the predicted cell performance over the entire year. The effects of geometric concentration, CPV system thermal characteristics, and luminescent coupling are highlighted. temperature and spectra characteristic of Golden, CO for an entire year. The annual energy conversion efficiency is calculated by integrating the predicted cell performance over the entire year. The effects of geometric concentration, CPV system thermal characteristics, and luminescent coupling are highlighted.

  15. In-Flight Measurement of the Absolute Energy Scale of the Fermi Large Area Telescope

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ackermann, M.; /Stanford U., HEPL /SLAC /KIPAC, Menlo Park; Ajello, M.; /Stanford U., HEPL /SLAC /KIPAC, Menlo Park; Allafort, A.; /Stanford U., HEPL /SLAC /KIPAC, Menlo Park; Atwood, W.B.; /UC, Santa Cruz; Axelsson, M.; /Stockholm U. /Stockholm U., OKC /Royal Inst. Tech., Stockholm; Baldini, L.; /INFN, Pisa; Barbiellini, G.; /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U.; Bastieri, D.; /INFN, Padua /Padua U.; Bechtol, K.; /Stanford U., HEPL /SLAC /KIPAC, Menlo Park; Bellazzini, R.; /INFN, Pisa; Berenji, B.; /Stanford U., HEPL /SLAC /KIPAC, Menlo Park; Bloom, E.D.; /Stanford U., HEPL /SLAC /KIPAC, Menlo Park; Bonamente, E.; /INFN, Perugia /Perugia U.; Borgland, A.W.; /Stanford U., HEPL /SLAC /KIPAC, Menlo Park; Bouvier, A.; /UC, Santa Cruz; Bregeon, J.; /INFN, Pisa; Brez, A.; /INFN, Pisa; Brigida, M.; /Bari Polytechnic /INFN, Bari; Bruel, P.; /Ecole Polytechnique; Buehler, R.; /Stanford U., HEPL /SLAC /KIPAC, Menlo Park; Buson, S.; /INFN, Padua /Padua U. /CSIC, Catalunya /Stanford U., HEPL /SLAC /KIPAC, Menlo Park /IASF, Milan /DAPNIA, Saclay /INFN, Perugia /Perugia U. /Stanford U., HEPL /SLAC /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Unlisted, US /Stanford U., HEPL /SLAC /KIPAC, Menlo Park /ASDC, Frascati /Perugia U. /Stanford U., HEPL /SLAC /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Montpellier U. /ASDC, Frascati /Bari Polytechnic /INFN, Bari /Naval Research Lab, Wash., D.C. /Stanford U., HEPL /SLAC /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., HEPL /SLAC /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., HEPL /SLAC /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., HEPL /SLAC /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., HEPL /SLAC /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., HEPL /SLAC /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Montpellier U. /Bari Polytechnic /INFN, Bari /Ecole Polytechnique /Stanford U., HEPL /SLAC /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Ecole Polytechnique /Hiroshima U. /Stanford U., HEPL /SLAC /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Bari Polytechnic /INFN, Bari /INFN, Bari /NASA, Goddard /INFN, Perugia /Perugia U.; /more authors..

    2012-09-20

    The Large Area Telescope (LAT) on-board the Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope is a pair-conversion telescope designed to survey the gamma-ray sky from 20 MeV to several hundreds of GeV. In this energy band there are no astronomical sources with sufficiently well known and sharp spectral features to allow an absolute calibration of the LAT energy scale. However, the geomagnetic cutoff in the cosmic ray electron-plus-positron (CRE) spectrum in low Earth orbit does provide such a spectral feature. The energy and spectral shape of this cutoff can be calculated with the aid of a numerical code tracing charged particles in the Earth's magnetic field. By comparing the cutoff value with that measured by the LAT in different geomagnetic positions, we have obtained several calibration points between {approx}6 and {approx}13 GeV with an estimated uncertainty of {approx}2%. An energy calibration with such high accuracy reduces the systematic uncertainty in LAT measurements of, for example, the spectral cutoff in the emission from gamma ray pulsars.

  16. Realization scheme for continuous fuzzy measurement of energy and the monitoring of a quantum transition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. Audretsch; M. B. Mensky

    1998-12-26

    The continuous fuzzy measurement of energy of a single two-level system driven by a resonant external field is studied. An analysis is given in the framework of the phenomenological restricted path integral approach (RPI) (which reduces effectively to a Schrodinger equation with a complex Hamiltonian) as well as with reference to the microphysical details of a class of concrete physical realizations. Within the RPI approach it is demonstrated that for appropriately adjusted fuzziness, information about the evolution of the state of the system can be read off from the measurement readout E(t). It is shown furthermore how a measurement of this type may be realized by a series of weak and short interactions of the two-level system with a quantum mechanical meter system. After each interaction a macroscopic measuring apparatus causes the meter to transit into one of two states. The result is used to generate the energy readout E(t). In this way a complete agreement with the RPI approach is demonstrated which thus obtains an operational interpretation.

  17. Correlation measurements in nuclear {beta}-decay using traps and polarized low energy beams

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Naviliat-Cuncic, Oscar

    2013-05-06

    Precision measurements in nuclear {beta}-decay provide sensitive means to test discrete symmetries in the weak interaction and to determine some of the fundamental constants in semi-leptonic decays, like the coupling of the lightest quarks to charged weak bosons. The main motivation of such measurements is to find deviations from Standard Model predictions as possible indications of new physics. In this contribution I will focus on two topics related to precision measurements in nuclear {beta}-decay: i) the determination of the V{sub ud} element of the Cabibbo-Kobayashi-Maskawa quark mixing matrix from nuclear mirror transitions and ii) the search for exotic scalar or tensor contributions from {beta}{nu} angular correlations. The purpose is to underline the role being played by experimental techniques based on the confinement of radioactive species with atom and ion traps as well as the plans to use low energy polarized beams.

  18. Average Neutron Total Cross Sections in the Unresolved Energy Range From ORELA High Resolutio Transmission Measurements

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Derrien, H

    2004-05-27

    Average values of the neutron total cross sections of {sup 233}U, {sup 235}U, {sup 238}U, and {sup 239}Pu have been obtained in the unresolved resonance energy range from high-resolution transmission measurements performed at ORELA in the past two decades. The cross sections were generated by correcting the effective total cross sections for the self-shielding effects due to the resonance structure of the data. The self-shielding factors were found by calculating the effective and true cross sections with the computer code SAMMY for the same Doppler and resolution conditions as for the transmission measurements, using an appropriate set of resonance parameters. Our results are compared to results of previous measurements and to the current ENDF/B-VI data.

  19. Proceedings of ICRC 2001: 2219 c Copernicus Gesellschaft 2001 Measurement of primary protons and electrons in the energy range

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Morselli, Aldo

    of spectrometer is proposed to measure the primary protons and electrons in the energy range of 1011 - 1013 e the primary electrons with energy 1011 -1013 eV from the proton flux with a rejection factor up to 10 to investigate the particle energy roughly up to 1013 eV. That means that primary protons and electrons

  20. A Measurement Study of GPU DVFS on Energy Conservation Xinxin Mei, Ling Sing Yung, Kaiyong Zhao, Xiaowen Chu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chu, Xiaowen

    DVFS is an ef- fective approach to conserving energy. For example, by scaling down the GPU core voltage at full load. How to conserver energy on such GPU platforms becomes an important problem. Dynamic voltageA Measurement Study of GPU DVFS on Energy Conservation Xinxin Mei, Ling Sing Yung, Kaiyong Zhao

  1. Poster — Thur Eve — 42: Radiochromic film calibration for low-energy seed brachytherapy dose measurement

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Morrison, H; Menon, G; Sloboda, R

    2014-08-15

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the accuracy of radiochromic film calibration procedures used in external beam radiotherapy when applied to I-125 brachytherapy sources delivering higher doses, and to determine any necessary modifications to achieve similar accuracy in absolute dose measurements. GafChromic EBT3 film was used to measure radiation doses upwards of 35 Gy from 6 MV, 75 kVp and (?28 keV) I-125 photon sources. A custom phantom was used for the I-125 irradiations to obtain a larger film area with nearly constant dose to reduce the effects of film heterogeneities on the optical density (OD) measurements. RGB transmission images were obtained with an Epson 10000XL flatbed scanner, and calibration curves relating OD and dose using a rational function were determined for each colour channel and at each energy using a non-linear least square minimization method. Differences found between the 6 MV calibration curve and those for the lower energy sources are large enough that 6 MV beams should not be used to calibrate film for low-energy sources. However, differences between the 75 kVp and I-125 calibration curves were quite small; indicating that 75 kVp is a good choice. Compared with I-125 irradiation, this gives the advantages of lower type B uncertainties and markedly reduced irradiation time. To obtain high accuracy calibration for the dose range up to 35 Gy, two-segment piece-wise fitting was required. This yielded absolute dose measurement accuracy above 1 Gy of ?2% for 75 kVp and ?5% for I-125 seed exposures.

  2. Energy spectra of massive two-body decay products and mass measurement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Agashe, Kaustubh; Hong, Sungwoo; Kim, Doojin

    2015-01-01

    We have recently established a new method for measuring the mass of unstable particles produced at hadron colliders based on the analysis of the energy distribution of a massless product from their two-body decays. The central ingredient of our proposal is the remarkable result that, for an unpolarized decaying particle, the location of the peak in the energy distribution of the observed decay product is identical to the (fixed) value of the energy that this particle would have in the rest-frame of the decaying particle, which, in turn, is a simple function of the involved masses. In addition, we utilized the property that this energy distribution is symmetric around the location of peak when energy is plotted on a logarithmic scale. The general strategy was demonstrated in several specific cases, including both beyond the SM particles, as well as for the top quark. In the present work, we generalize this method to the case of a massive decay product from a two-body decay; this procedure is far from trivial b...

  3. Boundary displacement measurements using multi-energy soft x-rays

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tritz, K., E-mail: ktritz@pppl.gov; Stutman, D. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland 21218 (United States); Diallo, A.; LeBlanc, B. P. [Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, Princeton, New Jersey 08543 (United States); Sabbagh, S. [Department of Applied Physics and Mathematics, Columbia University, New York City, New York 10027 (United States)

    2014-11-15

    The Multi-Energy Soft X-ray (ME-SXR) system on NSTX provides radial profiles of soft X-ray emission, measured through a set of filters with varying thickness, which have been used to reconstruct the electron temperature on fast time scales (?10?kHz). In addition to this functionality, here we show that the ME-SXR system can be used to measure the boundary displacement of the NSTX plasma with a few mm spatial resolution during magnetohydrodyamic (MHD) activity. Boundary displacement measurements can serve to inform theoretical predictions of neoclassical toroidal viscosity, and will be used to investigate other edge phenomena on NSTX-U. For example, boundary measurements using filtered SXR measurements can provide information on pedestal steepness and dynamic evolution leading up to and during edge localized modes (ELMs). Future applications include an assessment of a simplified, filtered SXR edge detection system as well as its suitability for real-time non-magnetic boundary feedback for ELMs, MHD, and equilibrium position control.

  4. Effects of anti-poverty programs on electoral behavior : evidence from the Mexican Education, Health, and Nutrition Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    De La O Torres, Ana Lorena

    2007-01-01

    Ever since Latin American economies collapsed in the 1980s and early 1990s, traditional redistributive programs began to coexist with new anti-poverty programs that usually took the form of conditional cash transfers (CCT). ...

  5. Many countries around the world are wounded with conflict, poverty, and political corruption, pushing disease prevention aside for more

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rock, Chris

    Many countries around the world are wounded with conflict, poverty, and political corruption. Africa, southern Europe, southern Mexico, South America, and Asia are all faced with the devastating toll

  6. Measured impacts of supermarket humidity level on defrost performance and refrigerating system energy use

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Henderson, H.I.; Khattar, M.

    1999-07-01

    This paper presents field-monitor data from two supermarkets where the impact of space humidity on refrigerating system energy use was evaluated. Direct digital control (DDC) systems were used at both stores to collect 15-minute monitored data. At Store A in Minneapolis, the DDC system was used to monitor system performance as well as to implement temperature-terminated control in place of time-terminated control on 16 refrigerated zones using hot gas defrost. At Store B in Indianapolis, the DDC system was used to quantify the performance trends for the single compressor rack system with electric defrost. The results at Store B showed that refrigerating system energy use decreases by nearly 10 kWh/day for each 1% drop in space relative humidity, or about 0.4% of average annual system energy use. This value includes the impact of reduced latent loads, the reduction in direct energy use and imposed load from reduced electric defrost heater operation, and the smaller imposed load from reduced anti-sweat heater energy use. The measured reductions agree well with the impact predicted using the calculation methods developed by Howell (1933b) in ASHRAE Research Project 596. At Store A, the measured data show that implementing temperature-terminated defrost reduced refrigerating system energy use by nearly 70 kWh/day over the winter period when the average space humidity was 22% RH. The savings from temperature-terminated defrost increase by 4 kWh/day per each 1% drop in relative humidity. At both stores, the same type of mechanical controls were used to duty cycle the anti-sweat heaters based on store dew point. Anti-sweat heater electricity use was observed to decrease by 4.6 kWh/day at Store B and 3.4 kWh/day at Store A for each 1% drop in relative humidity. At Store A, a more aggressive control scheme was implemented with the DDC system that reduced anti-sweat heater energy use by 7.8 kWh/day per % RH. The more aggressive control approach was reported to properly control fogging and condensation on display case surfaces. The overall energy reduction factor at the two stores was 12 kWh/day per % RH at Store A and 15 kWh/day per % RH at Store B. With more aggressive anti-sweat heater control, reduction factors as high as 20 kWh/day per % RH appear to be possible.

  7. Bridging the Divide Between Poverty Reduction and Climate Change Through

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmentalBowerbank, Maine: Energy ResourcesCounty, Texas:Brewer,Iowa: EnergySustainable and

  8. Measuring kinetic energy changes in the mesoscale with low acquisition rates

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Roldán, É.; Martínez, I. A.; Rica, R. A.; Dinis, L.

    2014-06-09

    We report on the measurement of the average kinetic energy changes in isothermal and non-isothermal quasistatic processes in the mesoscale, realized with a Brownian particle trapped with optical tweezers. Our estimation of the kinetic energy change allows to access to the full energetic description of the Brownian particle. Kinetic energy estimates are obtained from measurements of the mean square velocity of the trapped bead sampled at frequencies several orders of magnitude smaller than the momentum relaxation frequency. The velocity is tuned applying a noisy electric field that modulates the amplitude of the fluctuations of the position and velocity of the Brownian particle, whose motion is equivalent to that of a particle in a higher temperature reservoir. Additionally, we show that the dependence of the variance of the time-averaged velocity on the sampling frequency can be used to quantify properties of the electrophoretic mobility of a charged colloid. Our method could be applied to detect temperature gradients in inhomogeneous media and to characterize the complete thermodynamics of biological motors and of artificial micro and nanoscopic heat engines.

  9. Upstream Measurements of Wind Profiles with Doppler Lidar for Improved Wind Energy Integration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rodney Frehlich

    2012-10-30

    New upstream measurements of wind profiles over the altitude range of wind turbines will be produced using a scanning Doppler lidar. These long range high quality measurements will provide improved wind power forecasts for wind energy integration into the power grid. The main goal of the project is to develop the optimal Doppler lidar operating parameters and data processing algorithms for improved wind energy integration by enhancing the wind power forecasts in the 30 to 60 minute time frame, especially for the large wind power ramps. Currently, there is very little upstream data at large wind farms, especially accurate wind profiles over the full height of the turbine blades. The potential of scanning Doppler lidar will be determined by rigorous computer modeling and evaluation of actual Doppler lidar data from the WindTracer system produced by Lockheed Martin Coherent Technologies, Inc. of Louisville, Colorado. Various data products will be investigated for input into numerical weather prediction models and statistically based nowcasting algorithms. Successful implementation of the proposed research will provide the required information for a full cost benefit analysis of the improved forecasts of wind power for energy integration as well as the added benefit of high quality wind and turbulence information for optimal control of the wind turbines at large wind farms.

  10. Electroweak Measurements in Electron-Positron Collisions at W-Boson-Pair Energies at LEP

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schael, S; Bruneliere, R; Buskulic, D; De Bonis, I; Decamp, D; Ghez, P; Goy, C; Jezequel, S; Lees, J P; Lucotte, A; Martin, F; Merle, E; Minard, M N; Nief, J Y; Odier, P; Pietrzyk, B; Trocme, B; Bravo, S; Casado, M P; Chmeissani, M; Comas, P; Crespo, J M; Fernandez, E; Fernandez-Bosman, M; Garrido, Ll; Grauges, E; Juste, A; Martinez, M; Merino, G; Miquel, R; Mir, Ll. M; Orteu, S; Pacheco, A; Park, I C; Perlas, J; Riu, I; Ruiz, H; Sanchez, F; Colaleo, A; Creanza, D; De Filippis, N; De Palma, M; Iaselli, G; Maggi, G; Maggi, M; Nuzzo, S; Ranieri, A; Raso, G; Ruggieri, F; Selvaggi, G; Silvestris, L; Tempesta, P; Tricomi, A; Zito, G; Huang, X; Lin, J; Ouyang, Q; Wang, T; Xie, Y; Xu, R; Xue, S; Zhang, J; Zhang, L; Zhao, W; Abbaneo, D; Bazarko, A; Becker, U; Boix, G; Bird, F; Blucher, E; Bonvicini, B; Bright-Thomas, P; Barklow, T; Buchmuller, O; Cattaneo, M; Cerutti, F; Ciulli, V; Clerbaux, B; Drevermann, H; Forty, R W; Frank, M; Greening, T C; Hagelberg, R; Halley, A W; Gianotti, F; Girone, M; Hansen, J B; Harvey, J; Jacobsen, R; Hutchcroft, D E; Janot, P; Jost, B; Knobloch, J; Kado, M; Lehraus, I; Lazeyras, P; Maley, P; Mato, P; May, J; Moutoussi, A; Pepe-Altarelli, M; Ranjard, F; Rolandi, L; Schlatter, D; Schmitt, B; Schneider, O; Tejessy, W; Teubert, F; Tomalin, I R; Tournefier, E; Veenhof, R; Valassi, A; Wiedenmann, W; Wright, A E; Ajaltouni, Z; Badaud, F; Chazelle, G; Deschamps, O; Dessagne, S; Falvard, A; Ferdi, C; Fayolle, D; Gay, P; Guicheney, C; Henrard, P; Jousset, J; Michel, B; Monteil, S; Montret, J C; Pallin, D; Pascolo, J M; Perret, P; Podlyski, F; Bertelsen, H; Fernley, T; Hansen, J D; Hansen, J R; Hansen, P H; Kraan, A C; Lindahl, A; Mollerud, R; Nilsson, B S; Rensch, B; Waananen, A; Daskalakis, G; Kyriakis, A; Markou, C; Simopoulou, E; Siotis, I; Vayaki, A; Zachariadou, K; Blondel, A; Bonneaud, G; Brient, J C; Machefert, F; Rouge, A; Rumpf, M; Swynghedauw, M; Tanaka, R; Verderi, M; Videau, H; Ciulli, V; Focardi, E; Parrini, G; Zachariadou, K; Corden, M; Georgiopoulos, C; Antonelli, A; Antonelli, M; Bencivenni, G; Bologna, G; Bossi, F; Campana, P; Capon, G; Cerutti, F; Chiarella, V; Felici, G; Laurelli, P; Mannocchi, G; Murtas, G P; Passalacqua, L; Picchi, P; Colrain, P; Have, I. ten; Hughes, I S; Kennedy, J; Knowles, I G; Lynch, J G; Morton, W T; Negus, P; O'Shea, V; Raine, C; Reeves, P; Scarr, J M; Smith, K; Thompson, A S; Turnbull, R M; Wasserbaech, S; Buchmuller, O; Cavanaugh, R; Dhamotharan, S; Geweniger, C; Hanke, P; Hansper, G; Hepp, V; Kluge, E E; Putzer, A; Sommer, J; Stenzel, H; Tittel, K; Werner, W; Wunsch, M; Beuselinck, R; Binnie, D M; Cameron, W; Davies, G; Dornan, P J; Goodsir, S; Marinelli, N; Martin, E B; Nash, J; Nowell, J; Rutherford, S A; Sedgbeer, J K; Thompson, J C; White, R; Williams, M D; Ghete, V M; Girtler, P; Kneringer, E; Kuhn, D; Rudolph, G; Bouhova-Thacker, E; Bowdery, C K; Buck, P G; Clarke, D P; Ellis, G; Finch, A J; Foster, F; Hughes, G; Jones, R.W L; Keemer, N R; Pearson, M R; Robertson, N A; Sloan, T; Smizanska, M; Snow, S W; Williams, M I; van der Aa, O; Delaere, C; Leibenguth, G; Lemaitre, V; Bauerdick, L.A T; Blumenschein, U; van Gemmeren, P; Giehl, I; Holldorfer, F; Jakobs, K; Kasemann, M; Kayser, F; Kleinknecht, K; Muller, A S; Quast, G; Renk, B; Rohne, E; Sander, H G; Schmeling, S; Wachsmuth, H; Wanke, R; Zeitnitz, C; Ziegler, T; Aubert, J J; Benchouk, C; Bonissent, A; Carr, J; Coyle, P; Curtil, C; Ealet, A; Etienne, F; Fouchez, D; Motsch, F; Payre, P; Rousseau, D; Tilquin, A; Talby, M; Thulasidas, M; Aleppo, M; Antonelli, M; Ragusa, F; Buscher, V; David, A; Dietl, H; Ganis, G; Huttmann, K; Lutjens, G; Mannert, C; Manner, W; Moser, H G; Settles, R; Seywerd, H; Stenzel, H; Villegas, M; Wiedenmann, W; Wolf, G; Azzurri, P; Boucrot, J; Callot, O; Chen, S; Cordier, A; Davier, M; Duflot, L; Grivaz, J F; Heusse, Ph; Jacholkowska, A; Le Diberder, F; Lefrancois, J; Mutz, A M; Schune, M H; Serin, L; Veillet, J J; Videau, I; Zerwas, D; Azzurri, P; Bagliesi, G; Bettarini, S; Boccali, T; Bozzi, C; Calderini, G; Dell'Orso, R; Fantechi, R; Ferrante, I; Fidecaro, F; Foa, L; Giammanco, A; Giassi, A; Gregorio, A; Ligabue, F; Lusiani, A; Marrocchesi, P S; Messineo, A; Palla, F; Rizzo, G; Sanguinetti, G; Sciaba, A; Sguazzoni, G; Spagnolo, P; Steinberger, J; Tenchini, R; Vannini, C; Venturi, A; Verdini, P G; Awunor, O; Blair, G A; Cowan, G; Garcia-Bellido, A; Green, M G; Medcalf, T; Misiejuk, A; Strong, J A; Teixeira-Dias, P; Botterill, D R; Clifft, R W; Edgecock, T R; Edwards, M; Haywood, S J; Norton, P R; Tomalin, I R; Ward, J J; Bloch-Devaux, B; Boumediene, D; Colas, P; Emery, S; Fabbro, B; Kozanecki, W; Lancon, E; Lemaire, M C; Locci, E; Perez, P; Rander, J; Renardy, J F; Roussarie, A; Schuller, J P; Schwindling, J; Tuchming, B; Vallage, B; Black, S N; Dann, J H; Kim, H Y; Konstantinidis, N; Litke, A M; McNeil, M A; Taylor, G; Booth, C N; Cartwright, S

    2013-01-01

    Electroweak measurements performed with data taken at the electron-positron collider LEP at CERN from 1995 to 2000 are reported. The combined data set considered in this report corresponds to a total luminosity of about 3~fb$^{-1}$ collected by the four LEP experiments ALEPH, DELPHI, L3 and OPAL, at centre-of-mass energies ranging from $130~GeV$ to $209~GeV$. Combining the published results of the four LEP experiments, the measurements include total and differential cross-sections in photon-pair, fermion-pair and four-fermion production, the latter resulting from both double-resonant WW and ZZ production as well as singly resonant production. Total and differential cross-sections are measured precisely, providing a stringent test of the Standard Model at centre-of-mass energies never explored before in electron-positron collisions. Final-state interaction effects in four-fermion production, such as those arising from colour reconnection and Bose-Einstein correlations between the two W decay systems arising ...

  11. Certifying Industrial Energy Efficiency Performance: Aligning Management, Measurement, and Practice to Create Market Value

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McKane, Aimee; Scheihing, Paul; Williams, Robert

    2008-01-01

    knowledge concerning energy management best practices andapplying and validating energy management best practices inan international industrial energy management standard that

  12. Measurement of neutron capture on $^{48}$Ca at thermal and thermonuclear energies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    H. Beer; C. Coceva; P. V. Sedyshev; Yu. P. Popov; H. Herndl; R. Hofinger; P. Mohr; H. Oberhummer

    1996-08-07

    At the Karlsruhe pulsed 3.75\\,MV Van de Graaff accelerator the thermonuclear $^{48}$Ca(n,$\\gamma$)$^{49}$Ca(8.72\\,min) cross section was measured by the fast cyclic activation technique via the 3084.5\\,keV $\\gamma$-ray line of the $^{49}$Ca-decay. Samples of CaCO$_3$ enriched in $^{48}$Ca by 77.87\\,\\% were irradiated between two gold foils which served as capture standards. The capture cross-section was measured at the neutron energies 25, 151, 176, and 218\\,keV, respectively. Additionally, the thermal capture cross-section was measured at the reactor BR1 in Mol, Belgium, via the prompt and decay $\\gamma$-ray lines using the same target material. The $^{48}$Ca(n,$\\gamma$)$^{49}$Ca cross-section in the thermonuclear and thermal energy range has been calculated using the direct-capture model combined with folding potentials. The potential strengths are adjusted to the scattering length and the binding energies of the final states in $^{49}$Ca. The small coherent elastic cross section of $^{48}$Ca+n is explained through the nuclear Ramsauer effect. Spectroscopic factors of $^{49}$Ca have been extracted from the thermal capture cross-section with better accuracy than from a recent (d,p) experiment. Within the uncertainties both results are in agreement. The non-resonant thermal and thermonuclear experimental data for this reaction can be reproduced using the direct-capture model. A possible interference with a resonant contribution is discussed. The neutron spectroscopic factors of $^{49}$Ca determined from shell-model calculations are compared with the values extracted from the experimental cross sections for $^{48}$Ca(d,p)$^{49}$Ca and $^{48}$Ca(n,$\\gamma$)$^{49}$Ca.

  13. Dual-Readout Calorimetry for High-Quality Energy Measurements. Final Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wigmans, Richard; Nural, Akchurin

    2013-09-01

    This document constitutes the final report on the project Dual-Readout Calorimetry for High-Quality Energy Measurements. The project was carried out by a consortium of US and Italian physicists, led by Dr. Richard Wigmans (Texas tech University). This consortium built several particle detectors and tested these at the European Center for Nuclear Research (CERN) in Geneva, Switzerland. The idea arose to use scintillating crystals as dual-readout calorimeters. Such crystals were of course already known to provide excellent energy resolution for the detection of particles developing electromagnetic (em) showers. The efforts to separate the signals from scintillating crystals into scintillation and Cerenkov components led to four different methods by which this could be accomplished. These methods are based on a) the directionality, b) spectral differences, c) the time structure, and d) the polarization of the signals.

  14. Certifying Industrial Energy Efficiency Performance: Aligning Management, Measurement, and Practice to Create Market Value

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McKane, Aimee; Scheihing, Paul; Williams, Robert

    2008-01-01

    corporate energy management and system energy efficiency,its corporate energy management system and is now seekinghas sustainable energy management systems in place, has

  15. A review of methods to match building energy simulation models to measured data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coakley, Daniel; Raftery, Paul; Keane, Marcus

    2014-01-01

    2 Building energy performance simulation (BEPS)generation building energy simulation program. Energy Buildwhen using building energy simulation. Build Serv Eng Res

  16. Certifying Industrial Energy Efficiency Performance: Aligning Management, Measurement, and Practice to Create Market Value

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McKane, Aimee; Scheihing, Paul; Williams, Robert

    2008-01-01

    Meeting on Energy Efficiency and Energy Management Standardsmanagement and system energy efficiency, and to develop animprovement for energy efficiency, and that would build on

  17. Measuring and Understanding the Energy Use Signatures of a Bank Building

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Xie, YuLong; Liu, Bing; Athalye, Rahul A.; Baechler, Michael C.; Sullivan, Greg

    2012-08-12

    The Pacific Northwest National Laboratory measured and analyzed the energy end-use patterns in a bank building located in the north-eastern United States. This work was performed in collaboration with PNC Financial Service Group under the US DOE’s Commercial Building Partnerships Program. This paper presents the metering study and the results of the metered data analysis. It provides a benchmark for the energy use of different bank-related equipments. The paper also reveals the importance of metering in fully understanding building loads and indentifying opportunities for energy efficiency improvements that will have impacts across PNC’s portfolio of buildings and were crucial to reducing receptacle loads in the design of a net-zero bank branches. PNNL worked with PNC to meter a 4,000 ft2 bank branch in the state of Pennsylvania. 71 electrical circuits were monitored and 25 stand-alone watt-hour meters were installed at the bank. These meters monitored the consumption of all interior and exterior lighting, receptacle loads, service water heating, and the HVAC rooftop unit at a 5-minute sampling interval from November 2009 to November 2010. A total of over 8 million data records were generated, which were then analyzed to produce the end-use patterns, daily usage profiles, rooftop unit usage cycles, and inputs for calibrating the energy model of the building.

  18. Eleventh symposium on energy engineering sciences: Proceedings. Solid mechanics and processing: Analysis, measurement and characterization

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-09-01

    The Eleventh Symposium on Energy Engineering Sciences was held on May 3--5, 1993, at the Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois. These proceedings include the program, list of participants, and the papers that were presented during the eight technical sessions held at this meeting. This symposium was organized into eight technical sessions: Surfaces and interfaces; thermophysical properties and processes; inelastic behavior; nondestructive characterization; multiphase flow and thermal processes; optical and other measurement systems; stochastic processes; and large systems and control. Individual projects were processed separately for the databases.

  19. Entropic measure to prevent energy over-minimization in molecular dynamics simulations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rydzewski, Jakub; Nowak, Wieslaw

    2015-01-01

    Geometry optimization via energy minimization is one of the most common steps in computer modelling of biological structures. Nowadays computer power encourage numerous researches to use conjugated gradient minimizations exceeding 1000 steps. However, our research reveals that such over-minimization may lead to thermodynamically unstable conformations. We show that these conformations are not optimum starting points for equilibrium molecular dynamics simulations. We propose a measure based on the Pareto front of total entropy for quality assessment of minimized protein which warrants a proper selection of minimization steps.

  20. Pulse energy measurement at the SXR instrument (Journal Article) | SciTech

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfateSciTech ConnectSpeedingConnect Pulse energy measurement at the SXR instrument Citation