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Sample records for measurement unit pmu

  1. Abstract--This paper is concerned about the analysis of network observability and phasor measurement unit (PMU)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    measurement unit (PMU) placement when using a mixed measurement set. The measurements will include measurement units (PMU) are devices, which use synchronization signals from the global positioning system (GPS in PMU development and utilization is done by Phadke et al. [1-2]. It is argued that the use of PMUs

  2. Cyber Attack Detection in PMU Measurements via the Expectation-Maximization Algorithm

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kundur, Deepa

    Cyber Attack Detection in PMU Measurements via the Expectation-Maximization Algorithm Dongchan Lee in phasor measurement unit (PMU) data using the expectation-maximization algorithm. Power systems today, such as solving the optimal power flow and system estimation problem. The availability of PMU data real-time has

  3. Optimal PMU Placement Evaluation for Power System Dynamic State Estimation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pollefeys, Marc

    Optimal PMU Placement Evaluation for Power System Dynamic State Estimation Jinghe Zhang, Student--The synchronized phasor measurement unit (PMU), developed in the 1980s, is considered to be one of the most important devices in the future of power systems. The recent development of PMU technology provides high

  4. Observability and Estimation Uncertainty Analysis for PMU Placement Alternatives

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pollefeys, Marc

    Observability and Estimation Uncertainty Analysis for PMU Placement Alternatives Jinghe Zhang unit (PMU), developed in the 1980s, is considered to be one of the most important devices in the future of power systems. While PMU measurements currently cover fewer than 1% of the nodes in the U.S. power grid

  5. An Information-Theoretic Approach to PMU Placement in Electric Power Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Qiao; Weng, Yang; Negi, Rohit; Franchetti, Franz; Ilic, Marija D

    2012-01-01

    This paper presents an information-theoretic approach to address the phasor measurement unit (PMU) placement problem in electric power systems. Different from the conventional 'topological observability' based approaches, this paper advocates a much more refined, information-theoretic criterion, namely the mutual information (MI) between the PMU measurements and the power system states. The proposed MI criterion can not only include the full system observability as a special case, but also can rigorously model the remaining uncertainties in the power system states with PMU measurements, so as to generate highly informative PMU configurations. Further, the MI criterion can facilitate robust PMU placement by explicitly modeling probabilistic PMU outages. We propose a greedy PMU placement algorithm, and show that it achieves an approximation ratio of (1-1/e) for any PMU placement budget. We further show that the performance is the best that one can achieve in practice, in the sense that it is NP-hard to achieve ...

  6. Robust GPS-Based Timing for Phasor Measurement Units: A Position-Information-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gao, Grace Xingxin

    . INTRODUCTION Invented in the 1980s, Phasor Measurement Units (PMU), also known as synchrophasors, are GPS based between measurements collected by SCADA and a PMU during disturbance in a power grid in Oklahoma [1]. GPS

  7. 446 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SMART GRID, VOL. 4, NO. 1, MARCH 2013 An Information-Theoretic Approach to PMU

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Franchetti, Franz

    to PMU Placement in Electric Power Systems Qiao Li, Student Member, IEEE, Tao Cui, Student Member, IEEE the phasor measurement unit (PMU) placement problem in electric power systems. Different from, information-theoretic criterion, namely the mutual information (MI) between PMU measurements and power system

  8. Study of the utilization and benefits of phasor measurement units for large scale power system state estimation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yoon, Yeo Jun

    2006-04-12

    This thesis will investigate the impact of the use of the Phasor Measurement Units (PMU) on the state estimation problem. First, incorporation of the PMU measurements in a conventional state estimation program will be discussed. Then, the effect...

  9. A Design Approach of a Parametric Measurement Unit on to a 600MHz DCL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ayers, Joseph

    @daegu.ac.kr Abstract-- A design approach of a Parametric Measurement Unit (PMU) is presented along with integration are used to minimize the output capacitance of the PMU allowing its integration onto the 600MHz DCL. Keywords ­ PMU, DCL, ATE, integration I. INTRODUCTION In previous Automated Test Equipment (ATE) systems

  10. Topic 6: Wide Area Measurements 1Networking and Distributed Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohsenian-Rad, Hamed

    : · To be able to optimally and yet robustly operate the grid. · Key Sensor: Phasor Measurement Unit (PMUCommunications and Control in Smart Grid 4 · A PMU at a substation measures voltage and current phasors: · Very precise from various PMUs based on time tag PMU 1 PMU 2 PMU 3 PDC / Vector Processor #12;Synchronized

  11. Communication Delays in Wide Area Measurement Systems Biju Naduvathuparambil, Matthew C. Valenti, and Ali Feliachi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Valenti, Matthew C.

    to phasor measurement units (PMU) when applied in a power system environment, provides an overview of a PMU followed by the appli- cations of a PMU in a WAMS environment. This section also introduces the IEEE 1344 data format used by the PMU. Communication issues and related communication link delay

  12. Phasor Measurement Unit Data in Power System State Estimation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    weighted least squares with significant weight on the PMU measurements; and 2) eliminating the equations associated with the voltage phase angle measurements made by the PMU. The PMU measurements would be done by supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA) devices. The incorporation of PMU measurements

  13. Bayesian Linear State Estimation using Smart Meters and PMUs Measurements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schenato, Luca

    Arghandeh, CIEE Calif. Inst. for Ener. and Envir. #12;Can we bring PMU to distribution grids ? ! Develop a ultra-high-resolution micro- PMU for measuring voltage angles ! develop a wireless network optimized unbalanced #12;Can we measure voltage phasors? Phasor Measurement Unit (PMU) · GPS timestamps · Measure

  14. -page number-ISOCC 2012 A Design and Integration of Parametric Measurement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ayers, Joseph

    Measurement Unit (PMU) with 600MHz Driver, Comparator, and an Active Load (DCL) is presented in this paper of the PMU allowing its integration onto the 600MHz DCL in the circuit that affect the speed of the test path, Comparator and Active Load (DCL) were integrated onto the same IC and the Parametric Measurement Unit (PMU

  15. OPTIMAL PLACEMENT AND UTILIZATION OF PHASOR MEASUREMENTS FOR STATE ESTIMATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    presents a procedure by which new PMU locations can be systematically determined in order to render measurement unit (PMU). Buses with zero and non- zero injections, and branches with power flow measure- ments- tor based on strictly PMU measurements and investigates the computational performance as well

  16. A (Smart) Real-time PMU-assisted Power Transfer Limitation Monitoring

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A (Smart) Real-time PMU-assisted Power Transfer Limitation Monitoring and Enhancement System Unit (PMU) Integrated System #12;Monitoring & Analysis (Base-Case) Main Window KMF BED-BLA 50045005

  17. 1. PMU Based RAS for a Hybrid AC/DC System 1.1. Project Team

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Husheng

    1. PMU Based RAS for a Hybrid AC/DC System 1.1. Project Team Primary Thrust: Modeling Secondary to be detected more quickly allowing less severe action. This effort focuses on PMU driven response-based RAS from PMU units. The project goals break down into three efforts: · Investigating the possibility

  18. PMU Data Event Detection: A User Guide for Power Engineers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Allen, A.; Singh, M.; Muljadi, E.; Santoso, S.

    2014-10-01

    This user guide is intended to accompany a software package containing a Matrix Laboratory (MATLAB) script and related functions for processing phasor measurement unit (PMU) data. This package and guide have been developed by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory and the University of Texas at Austin. The objective of this data processing exercise is to discover events in the vast quantities of data collected by PMUs. This document attempts to cover some of the theory behind processing the data to isolate events as well as the functioning of the MATLAB scripts. The report describes (1) the algorithms and mathematical background that the accompanying MATLAB codes use to detect events in PMU data and (2) the inputs required from the user and the outputs generated by the scripts.

  19. 824 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER SYSTEMS, VOL. 29, NO. 2, MARCH 2014 A Framework for Phasor Measurement Placement in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scaglione, Anna

    of phasor mea- surement units (PMU) for enhancing hybrid state estimation via the traditional Gauss-Newton method, which uses measurements from both PMU devices and Supervisory Control and Data Acqui- sition (SCADA) systems. To compare the impact of PMU place- ments, we introduce a useful metric which accounts

  20. PMU Data Integrity Evaluation through Analytics on a Virtual Test-Bed

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Olama, Mohammed M. [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Shankar, Mallikarjun [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)

    2014-01-01

    Power systems are rapidly becoming populated by phasor measurement units (PMUs) in ever increasing numbers. PMUs are critical components of today s energy management systems, designed to enable near real-time wide area monitoring and control of the electric power system. They are able to measure highly accurate bus voltage phasors as well as branch current phasors incident to the buses at which PMUs are equipped. Synchrophasor data is used for applications varying from state estimation, islanding control, identifying outages, voltage stability detection and correction, disturbance recording, and others. However, PMU-measured readings may suffer from errors due to meter biases or drifts, incorrect configurations, or even cyber-attacks. Furthermore, the testing of early PMUs showed a large disparity between the reported values from PMUs provided by different manufacturers, particularly when frequency was off-nominal, during dynamic events, and when harmonic/inter-harmonic content was present. Detection and identification of PMU gross measurement errors are thus crucial in maintaining highly accurate phasor readings throughout the system. In this paper, we present our work in conducting analytics to determine the trustworthiness and worth of the PMU readings collected across an electric network system. By implementing the IEEE 118 bus test case on a virtual test bed (VTB) , we are able to emulate PMU readings (bus voltage and branch current phasors in addition to bus frequencies) under normal and abnormal conditions using (virtual) PMU sensors deployed across major substations in the network. We emulate a variety of failures such as bus, line, transformer, generator, and/or load failures. Data analytics on the voltage phase angles and frequencies collected from the PMUs show that specious (or compromised) PMU device(s) can be identified through abnormal behaviour by comparing the trend of its frequency and phase angle reading with the ensemble of all other PMU readings in the network. If the reading trend of a particular PMU deviates from the weighted average of the reading trends of other PMUs at nearby substations, then it is likely that the PMU is malfunctioning. We assign a weight to each PMU denoting how electric-topology-wise close it is from where the PMU under consideration is located. The closer a PMU is, the higher the weight it has. To compute the closeness between two nodes in the power network, we employ a form of the resistance distance metric. It computes the electrical distance by taking into consideration the underlying topology as well as the physical laws that govern the electrical connections or flows between the network components. The detection accuracy of erroneous PMUs should be improved by employing this metric. We present results to validate the proposed approach. We also discuss the effectiveness of using an end-to-end VTB approach that allows us to investigate different types of failures and their responses as seen by the ensemble of PMUs. The collected data on certain types of events may be amenable to certain types of analysis (e.g., alerting for sudden changes can be done on a small window of data) and hence determine the data analytics architectures is required to evaluate the streaming PMU data.

  1. Mac mini: How to Reset the PMU http://docs.info.apple.com/article.html?artnum=300574 1 of 2 7/23/2007 2:06 PM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Barbara, University of

    Mac mini: How to Reset the PMU http://docs.info.apple.com/article.html?artnum=300574 1 of 2 7/23/2007 2:06 PM Mac mini: How to Reset the PMU The Power Management Unit (PMU) is an integrated circuit (computer chip) typically found on a computer's logic board. As its name implies, the PMU is responsible

  2. Phasor Measurement Unit and Its Application in Modern Power Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ma, Jian; Makarov, Yuri V.; Dong, Zhao Yang

    2010-06-01

    The introduction of phasor measuring units (PMUs) in power systems significantly improves the possibilities for monitoring and analyzing power system dynamics. Synchronized measurements make it possible to directly measure phase angles between corresponding phasors in different locations within the power system. Improved monitoring and remedial action capabilities allow network operators to utilize the existing power system in a more efficient way. Improved information allows fast and reliable emergency actions, which reduces the need for relatively high transmission margins required by potential power system disturbances. In this chapter, the applications of PMU in modern power systems are presented. Specifically, the topics touched in this chapter include state estimation, voltage and transient stability, oscillation monitoring, event and fault detection, situation awareness, and model validation. A case study using Characteristic Ellipsoid method based on PMU to monitor power system dynamic is presented.

  3. Laboratory Performance Evaluation Report of SEL 421 Phasor Measurement Unit

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Huang, Zhenyu; faris, Anthony J.; Martin, Kenneth E.; Hauer, John F.; Bonebrake, Christopher A.; Shaw, James M.

    2007-12-01

    PNNL and BPA have been in close collaboration on laboratory performance evaluation of phasor measurement units for over ten years. A series of evaluation tests are designed to confirm accuracy and determine measurement performance under a variety of conditions that may be encountered in actual use. Ultimately the testing conducted should provide parameters that can be used to adjust all measurements to a standardized basis. These tests are performed with a standard relay test set using recorded files of precisely generated test signals. The test set provides test signals at a level and in a format suitable for input to a PMU that accurately reproduces the signals in both signal amplitude and timing. Test set outputs are checked to confirm the accuracy of the output signal. The recorded signals include both current and voltage waveforms and a digital timing track used to relate the PMU measured value with the test signal. Test signals include steady-state waveforms to test amplitude, phase, and frequency accuracy, modulated signals to determine measurement and rejection bands, and step tests to determine timing and response accuracy. Additional tests are included as necessary to fully describe the PMU operation. Testing is done with a BPA phasor data concentrator (PDC) which provides communication support and monitors data input for dropouts and data errors.

  4. Algorithm for Screening Phasor Measurement Unit Data for Power System Events and Categories and Common Characteristics for Events Seen in Phasor Measurement Unit Relative Phase-Angle Differences and Frequency Signals

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Allen, A.; Santoso, S.; Muljadi, E.

    2013-08-01

    A network of multiple phasor measurement units (PMU) was created, set up, and maintained at the University of Texas at Austin to obtain actual power system measurements for power system analysis. Power system analysis in this report covers a variety of time ranges, such as short- term analysis for power system disturbances and their effects on power system behavior and long- term power system behavior using modal analysis. The first objective of this report is to screen the PMU data for events. The second objective of the report is to identify and describe common characteristics extracted from power system events as measured by PMUs. The numerical characteristics for each category and how these characteristics are used to create selection rules for the algorithm are also described. Trends in PMU data related to different levels and fluctuations in wind power output are also examined.

  5. PMU Deployment for Optimal State Estimation Performance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roy, Sumit

    PMU Deployment for Optimal State Estimation Performance Yue Yang, Student Member IEEE, and Sumit are anticipated; however, due to the high cost of PMU installation, their deployment will continue to be selective minimal-PMU sets that achieve full observability, affording an additional degree of freedom to select

  6. November 17 PSERC Webinar: Meeting PMU Data Quality Requirements...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    November 17 PSERC Webinar: Meeting PMU Data Quality Requirements for Mission Critical Applications November 17 PSERC Webinar: Meeting PMU Data Quality Requirements for Mission...

  7. Factors Affecting PMU Installation Costs (October 2014) | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Factors Affecting PMU Installation Costs (October 2014) Factors Affecting PMU Installation Costs (October 2014) The Department of Energy investigated the major cost factors that...

  8. Multi-area power system state estimation utilizing boundary measurements and phasor measurement units ( PMUs) 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Freeman, Matthew A

    2006-10-30

    estimation is explained for a simple serial estimator. Then the thesis shows how conventional measurements and newer, more accurate PMU measurements work within the framework of weighted least squares estimation. Next, the multi-area state estimator...

  9. November 17 PSERC Webinar: Meeting PMU Data Quality Requirements...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    PMU performance analyzer (PPA) tool for in-lab and remove, in-field testing; and data mining approaches for data cleansing and for analyzing impacts of data quality on PMU...

  10. Real Time PMU-Based Stability Monitoring Final Project Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Real Time PMU-Based Stability Monitoring Final Project Report Power Systems Engineering Research Center Empowering Minds to Engineer the Future Electric Energy System #12;#12;Real Time PMU for the Power Systems Engineering Research Center (PSERC) research project titled "Real Time PMU-based Stability

  11. Sandia Energy - Phasor Measurement Units

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Units Home Stationary Power Safety, Security & Resilience of Energy Infrastructure Grid Modernization Cyber Security for Electric Infrastructure Phasor Measurement Units...

  12. Sandia Energy - Sandia's Energy & Climate PMU to Participate...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Energy & Climate PMU to Participate in July 8th National Lab Day on Capitol Hill Home Climate Energy Events Capabilities News Global Climate & Energy EC News & Events Research &...

  13. Factors Affecting PMU Installation Costs

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum12, 2015Executive Order14, 20111,FYDepartment of EnergySeptember 2014 United

  14. Real Time PMU-Based Stability Monitoring Final Project Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Center Empowering Minds to Engineer the Future Electric Energy System #12;#12;Real Time PMU, Western Area Power Administration Clifton Black, Southern Company David Schooley, Exelon the increasing amount of PMU data for operation, planning, protection, and control. This research proposes new

  15. Real Time Grid Reliability Management 2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eto, Joe

    2008-01-01

    into the WECC Phasor Network PMU Location 1. Slatt 2. SummerPhasor Measurement Unit (PMU) Installation Process and Costprepared and delivered a PMU Measurement Unit Installation

  16. Validation of phasor calculations in the Macrodyne PMU for California-Oregon Transmission Project tests of March 1993

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hauer, J.F. [Pacific Northwest Labs., Richland, WA (United States)] [Pacific Northwest Labs., Richland, WA (United States)

    1996-07-01

    Faults applied during March 1993 commissioning tests for the California-Oregon Transmission Project produced 14 Hz transient oscillations that were conspicuous in BPA`s enhanced transducers at Malin, and in PG and E`s Dynamic System Monitor at Table Mountain. Prony analysis of high speed fault data provided a detailed model for the underlying network resonance signal, and a basis for validating transient performance of a Macrodyne Phasor Measurement Unit (PMU) at the test site. This instrument, which is closely associated with EPRI`s FACTS project, provides useful insight into emerging technology for high speed digital transducers. The phasor calculations are found to be of very high quality, but filtering enhancements are recommended for broadband applications.

  17. Unit 100 - Data Quality Measurement and Assessment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    100, CC in GIScience; Veregin, Howard; Hunter, Gary

    2000-01-01

    Page 18 Unit 100 - Data Quality Measurement and AssessmentPage 19 Unit 100 - Data Quality Measurement and AssessmentData Quality Measurement and Assessment Unit 100 - Data

  18. FINAL PROJECT REPORT LOAD MODELING TRANSMISSION RESEARCH

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lesieutre, Bernard

    2013-01-01

    to Questionnaire on PMU Installation and Maintenance. ”Monitoring Device Options SCADA PMU PPSM DFR Relay PowerInterest Energy Research  PMU    Phasor Measurement Unit 

  19. Copyright 2010 IEEE. Reprinted from: Toward PMU-Based Robust Automatic Voltage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Copyright © 2010 IEEE. Reprinted from: Toward PMU-Based Robust Automatic Voltage Control (AVC this document, you agree to all provisions of the copyright laws protecting it. #12;Toward PMU-Based Robust

  20. On PMU Location Selection for Line Outage Detection in Wide-area Transmission Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, Yue

    1 On PMU Location Selection for Line Outage Detection in Wide-area Transmission Networks Yue Zhao, Member, IEEE, Andrea Goldsmith, Fellow, IEEE, and H. Vincent Poor, Fellow, IEEE Abstract--The optimal PMU algorithm is proposed to find the globally optimal PMU locations. Using this algorithm, the optimal trade

  1. PMU Placement for Dynamic State Tracking of Power Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sun, Yannan; Du, Pengwei; Huang, Zhenyu; Kalsi, Karanjit; Diao, Ruisheng; Anderson, Kevin K.; Li, Yulan; Lee, Barry

    2011-08-04

    Accurately tracking the state variables (rotor angle and speed) is a necessity for monitoring system stability conditions and assessing the risks of large-scale system collapse. This paper explores how the number and locations of PMUs installed in the system are determined to ensure satisfactory state tracking performance. A search algorithm is presented for determining PMU placement (location and quantity). The algorithm determines a placement that gives small tracking error in polynomial time. A modified, scalable algorithm is also presented. Observability in the presence of faults is considered. Simulation results for a 16-machine and a 50-machine system are provided.

  2. 4162 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER SYSTEMS, VOL. 28, NO. 4, NOVEMBER 2013 Power System State Estimation Using PMUs With

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nehorai, Arye

    , Kalman filtering, phase mismatch, phasor measurement unit (PMU), state estimation, synchronization. NOMENCLATURE: PMU Phasor measurement unit. SCADA Supervisory control and data acquisition. GPS Global

  3. REAL TIME SYSTEM OPERATIONS 2006-2007

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eto, Joseph H.

    2008-01-01

    Adaptive AR Model Based on PMU,” IEEE/PES Transmission and phasor measurement unit (PMUmeasurements to improve the by incorporating PG&E’s PMU  measurements into the network 

  4. Generator Dynamic Model Validation and Parameter Calibration Using Phasor Measurements at the Point of Connection

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Huang, Zhenyu; Du, Pengwei; Kosterev, Dmitry; Yang, Steve

    2013-05-01

    Disturbance data recorded by phasor measurement units (PMU) offers opportunities to improve the integrity of dynamic models. However, manually tuning parameters through play-back events demands significant efforts and engineering experiences. In this paper, a calibration method using the extended Kalman filter (EKF) technique is proposed. The formulation of EKF with parameter calibration is discussed. Case studies are presented to demonstrate its validity. The proposed calibration method is cost-effective, complementary to traditional equipment testing for improving dynamic model quality.

  5. Accurate Energy Attribution and Accounting for Multi-core Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ryffel, Sebi; Stathopoulos, Thanos; McIntire, Dustin; Kaiser, William; Thiele, Lothar

    2009-01-01

    a performance measurement unit (PMU) which is capable ofthat cause a limited set of PMU events, thus facilitatingand the model. In general, a PMU event can be caused by a

  6. Conversion of Units of Measurement Gordon S. Novak Jr. \\Lambda

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Novak Jr., Gordon S.

    Conversion of Units of Measurement Gordon S. Novak Jr. \\Lambda Department of Computer Sciences conversion and unit checking in a programming language is described. Index Terms -- unit conversion, unit if the type system does not include units of measurement. Conversion of units must be done explicitly

  7. Submitted to IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Nov. 2007 1 Abstract--Although phasor measurement units (PMUs) have

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    methods to derive useful information from PMU data in spite of this limited coverage. In particular, we have developed an algorithm which uses known system topology information, together with PMU phasor the effectiveness of our approach, the algorithm is demonstrated using simulated and real PMU data from two systems

  8. Inertial measurement unit using rotatable MEMS sensors

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kohler, Stewart M. (Albuquerque, NM); Allen, James J. (Albuquerque, NM)

    2007-05-01

    A MEM inertial sensor (e.g. accelerometer, gyroscope) having integral rotational means for providing static and dynamic bias compensation is disclosed. A bias compensated MEM inertial sensor is described comprising a MEM inertial sense element disposed on a rotatable MEM stage. A MEM actuator drives the rotation of the stage between at least two predetermined rotational positions. Measuring and comparing the output of the MEM inertial sensor in the at least two rotational positions allows for both static and dynamic bias compensation in inertial calculations based on the sensor's output. An inertial measurement unit (IMU) comprising a plurality of independently rotatable MEM inertial sensors and methods for making bias compensated inertial measurements are disclosed.

  9. Inertial measurement unit using rotatable MEMS sensors

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kohler, Stewart M.; Allen, James J.

    2006-06-27

    A MEM inertial sensor (e.g. accelerometer, gyroscope) having integral rotational means for providing static and dynamic bias compensation is disclosed. A bias compensated MEM inertial sensor is described comprising a MEM inertial sense element disposed on a rotatable MEM stage. A MEM actuator for drives the rotation of the stage between at least two predetermined rotational positions. Measuring and comparing the output of the MEM inertial sensor in the at least two rotational positions allows, for both static and dynamic bias compensation in inertial calculations based on the sensor's output. An inertial measurement unit (IMU) comprising a plurality of independently rotatable MEM inertial sensors and methods for making bias compensated inertial measurements are disclosed.

  10. Wide-Area Situational Awareness of Power Grids with Limited Phasor Measurements

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhou, Ning; Huang, Zhenyu; Nieplocha, Jarek; Nguyen, Tony B.

    2006-09-30

    Lack of situational awareness has been identified as one of root causes for the August 14, 2003 Northeast Blackout in North America. To improve situational awareness, the Department of Energy (DOE) launched several projects to deploy Wide Area Measurement Systems (WAMS) in different interconnections. Compared to the tens of thousands of buses, the number of Phasor Measurement Units (PMUs) is quite limited and not enough to achieve the observability for the whole interconnections. To utilize the limited number of PMU measurements to improve situational awareness, this paper proposes to combine PMU measurement data and power flow equations to form a hybrid power flow model. Technically, a model which combines the concept of observable islands and modeling of power flow conditions, is proposed. The model is called a Hybrid Power Flow Model as it has both PMU measurements and simulation assumptions, which describes prior knowledge available about whole power systems. By solving the hybrid power flow equations, the proposed method can be used to derive power system states to improve the situational awareness of a power grid.

  11. Low-cost inertial measurement unit.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Deyle, Travis Jay

    2005-03-01

    Sandia National Laboratories performs many expensive tests using inertial measurement units (IMUs)--systems that use accelerometers, gyroscopes, and other sensors to measure flight dynamics in three dimensions. For the purpose of this report, the metrics used to evaluate an IMU are cost, size, performance, resolution, upgradeability and testing. The cost of a precision IMU is very high and can cost hundreds of thousands of dollars. Thus the goals and results of this project are as follows: (1) Examine the data flow in an IMU and determine a generic IMU design. (2) Discuss a high cost IMU implementation and its theoretically achievable results. (3) Discuss design modifications that would save money for suited applications. (4) Design and implement a low cost IMU and discuss its theoretically achievable results. (5) Test the low cost IMU and compare theoretical results with empirical results. (6) Construct a more streamlined printed circuit board design reducing noise, increasing capabilities, and constructing a self-contained unit. Using these results, we can compare a high cost IMU versus a low cost IMU using the metrics from above. Further, we can examine and suggest situations where a low cost IMU could be used instead of a high cost IMU for saving cost, size, or both.

  12. On a new measure on infinite dimensional unite cube

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ilgar Sh. Jabbarov

    2015-01-24

    In the article a new measure in infinite dimensional unite cube different from the Haar or product measures is constructed. Some differences between introduced measure and the product measure are discussed.

  13. Proceedings of the Midwest Poultry Federation Convention, St. Paul, MN. March 16-18, 2004 Ammonia Emission from Iowa Layer Houses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kentucky, University of

    of a Portable Measurement Unit (PMU) A relatively low-cost (about $4,000) and potable monitoring unit (PMU). Specifically, the PMU uses two electro-chemical (EC) sensors (0-200±3 ppm; Pac III, Dräeger Safety, Inc positive pressure. Xin et al. (2003) described the PMU development and field evaluation against

  14. Units for Promoter Measurement in Mammalian Cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Velten, Lars

    2009-10-21

    The purpose of this RFC is to provide units for the characterization of promoter strength for use in mammalian cells. RMPU is mRNA based and

  15. Off-chip Latency-Driven Dynamic Voltage and Frequency Scaling for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pedram, Massoud

    ;5 Performance Monitoring Unit (PMU)Performance Monitoring Unit (PMU) ! PMU on the XScale can provide values

  16. c 2011 Naveen Cherukuri COOPERATIVE CONGESTION CONTROL IN POWER GRID

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nahrstedt, Klara

    networks are needed for the delivery of Phasor Measurement Unit (PMU)[1] sensor data with real time the real-time needs of the PMU data as they are not designed to support PMU devices. Hence, the need arises framework to ensure real-time guarantees for PMU data and to respond if transient deviations in real

  17. A Real-time Distributed Storage System for Multi-Resolution Virtual Synchrophasor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mueller, Frank

    @renci.org Abstract--With the continuing large-scale deployment of Pha- sor Measurement Units (PMU), the Wide sets of distributed Phasor Data Concentrators (PDCs) collectively process PMU data to achieve real communication and computing infrastructure. To address this problem, we present a novel virtual PMU (vPMU

  18. Power Systems Frequency Dynamic Monitoring System Design and Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schrijver, Karel

    Disturbance Recorder (FDR), Phasor Measurement Unit (PMU), Wide Area Measurement System, Under Frequency Load between FDR and commercial PMU (Phasor Measurement Unit) demonstrate the advantage of FNET. The web

  19. Intell Ind Syst DOI 10.1007/s40903-015-0009-6

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pollefeys, Marc

    Kalmanfilterswithreal-timedatagenerated/collected by digital meters such as phasor measurement units (PMU) can lead to advanced techniques for improving Research Institute, Arlington, USA Keywords Kalman filter · Phasor measurement units (PMU) · Power system

  20. COMPLETE FAULT ANALYSIS FOR LONG TRANSMISSION LINE USING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    sys- tem based approach is described in (Girgis and Johns, 1996) and a phasor measurement unit (PMU Measurement Unit (PMU) are further developed. Previous efforts were aimed at implementing accu- rate fault

  1. Better Buildings Alliance, Advanced Rooftop Unit Campaign: Rooftop Unit Measurement and Verification (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2014-09-01

    This document provides facility managers and building owners an introduction to measurement and verification (M&V) methods to estimate energy and cost savings of rooftop units replacement or retrofit projects to estimate paybacks or to justify future projects.

  2. Real Time Grid Reliability Management 2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eto, Joe

    2008-01-01

    is read by the measurement units and when it is displayedproliferation of phasor measurement units and similar high-J. Dyer, “Phasor Measurement Unit (PMU) Installation Process

  3. Improved Algorithms and Complexity Results for Power Domination in Graphs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Niedermeier, Rolf

    is asked to place a minimum number of so-called phase measurement units (PMU) at some locations in the system to measure the state variables (for example, the voltage magnitude). Since the monitoring PMU

  4. Survey and Simulation on Malicious Data Attack on Power Market

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lavaei, Javad

    , Power Measurement Unit (PMU) has been applied to monitor power grids. The observability has also been checked for PMU based grid measurement [1] [2] [3]. For a observable system, the state estimation problem

  5. Reliable GPS-Based Timing for Power Systems: A Multi-Layered Multi-Receiver Architecture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gao, Grace Xingxin

    measurement unit (PMU), also known as synchrophasor, is a device capable of measuring power system voltage a victim receiver's reported position, time, or both. In a future scenario where PMU data play

  6. IEEE SIGNAL PROCESSING LETTERS, VOL. 20, NO. 6, JUNE 2013 575 Joint Frequency and Phasor Estimation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tong, Lang

    , constrained maximum likelihood estimation, frequency estimation, phasor measurement unit (PMU), power system in the context of power system state estimation using phasor measurement units (PMUs). A key feature of PMU meters period. PMU provides syn- chronized direct measurements of bus voltages and currents. Under normal

  7. Managing Turfgrass Insects of the Northeast

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Changlu

    . · Divide site into pest management units (PMU). · Prepare monitoring forms for each PMU. #12;Why Monitor

  8. A Representation of Quantum Measurement in Order-Unit Spaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gerd Niestegge

    2010-01-15

    A certain generalization of the mathematical formalism of quantum mechanics beyond operator algebras is considered. The approach is based on the concept of conditional probability and the interpretation of the Lueders - von Neumann quantum measurement as a probability conditionalization rule. A major result shows that the operator algebras must be replaced by order-unit spaces with some specific properties in the generalized approach, and it is analyzed under which conditions these order-unit spaces become Jordan algebras. An application of this result provides a characterization of the projection lattices in operator algebras.

  9. On the Impact of PMU Placement on Observability and Cross-Validation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kurose, Jim

    , or aggregation of electrical loads ­ and transmission lines connecting those buses. The state of a power system measurement units (PMUs) on electric power grids world- wide. PMUs allow the state of the power system ­ the voltage phasor of system buses and current phasors of all incident transmission lines ­ to be directly

  10. 450 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SMART GRID, VOL. 6, NO. 1, JANUARY 2015 Dynamic State Estimation of a Synchronous

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pollefeys, Marc

    of a Synchronous Machine Using PMU Data: A Comparative Study Ning Zhou, Senior Member, IEEE, Da Meng, Member, IEEEKF), extended Kalman filter (EKF), particle filter (PF), phasor measurement unit (PMU), power system dynamics

  11. Seamless Energy Management Systems Part II: Development of Prototype

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    measurement units (PMU) 2. The difficulty in comparing application results due to the utilization of different models in operations and planning, and to tie these models to PMU data 3. Repetitiveness of simulations

  12. Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Air Pollution from Agricultural Operations Research Triangle Park, NC October 12-15, 2003

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kentucky, University of

    monitoring unit (PMU) has been developed and refined for field measurement and acquisition of NH3 level, CO2 information for the modern birds (W-36 laying hens). Comparative tests were conducted between the PMU

  13. Basic Units of Measurement Astronomers use metric units, and in particular the cgs (centimeter-gram-second) system.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walter, Frederick M.

    Basic Units of Measurement Astronomers use metric units, and in particular the cgs (centimeter-gram-second) system. 1 Distance The basic unit of distance is the centimeter (cm). There are 100 centimeters) or millimeters (10 mm per cm). There are 2.54 cm per inch, and 1.62 km per mile. Longer distances are measured

  14. Semi--vector spaces and units of measurement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Josef Janyška; Marco Modugno; Raffaele Vitolo

    2007-10-05

    This paper is aimed at introducing an algebraic model for physical scales and units of measurement. This goal is achieved by means of the concept of ``positive space'' and its rational powers. Positive spaces are 1-dimensional ``semi-vector spaces'' without the zero vector. A direct approach to this subject might be sufficient. On the other hand, a broader mathematical understanding requires the notions of sesqui- and semi-tensor products between semi-vector spaces and vector spaces. So, the paper is devoted to an original contribution to the algebraic theory of semi-vector spaces, to the algebraic analysis of positive spaces and, eventually, to the algebraic model of physical scales and units of measurement in terms of positive spaces.

  15. Proceedings of the Iowa Egg Industry Symposium, Ames, IA November 7, 2003 Updates on Ammonia Emission from Iowa Layer Houses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kentucky, University of

    facilities. METHODS Development of a Portable Measurement Unit (PMU) A relatively low-cost (about $4,000) and potable monitoring unit (PMU) using commercially available sensors and sampling accessories was developed for this project (fig. 1). Xin et al. (2003) described the PMU development and field evaluation against

  16. A Two-stage Kalman Filtering Approach for Robust and Real-time Power Systems State Tracking

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pollefeys, Marc

    - synchronized data provided by synchronized Phasor Measure- ment Units (PMU). In this paper we present a two to obtain. Thus in the first stage, we estimate the static states from raw PMU measurements, using and/or bad PMU measurements. In the next stage, the estimated bus voltages are fed into an extended

  17. Paper Number: 024168 An ASAE Meeting Presentation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kentucky, University of

    and relatively low-cost monitoring unit (PMU) for continuous measurement of ammonia and carbon dioxide in CAFO-approved measurement method. The PMU utilizes sampling and purging cycles to overcome the sensor saturation characteristic of electro-chemical NH3 sensors. Preliminary comparative results show that performance of the PMU

  18. Fast Detection and Recovery from Communication Link Failures in a Smart Grid using OpenFlow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    -frequency voltage and current measurements pro- vided by Phasor Measurement Units (PMUs). PMU applications have requirements are not met, PMU applications can miss a critical power grid event (e.g., lightning strike]. As a result of this sensitivity, the communication network that disseminates PMU data must provide hard end

  19. Measuring energy efficiency in the United States` economy: A beginning

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1995-10-01

    Energy efficiency is a vital component of the Nation`s energy strategy. One of the Department of Energy`s missions are to promote energy efficiency to help the Nation manage its energy resources. The ability to define and measure energy efficiency is essential to this objective. In the absence of consistent defensible measures, energy efficiency is a vague, subjective concept that engenders directionless speculation and confusion rather than insightful analysis. The task of defining and measuring energy efficiency and creating statistical measures as descriptors is a daunting one. This publication is not a final product, but is EIA`s first attempt to define and measure energy efficiency in a systematic and robust manner for each of the sectors and the United States economy as a whole. In this process, EIA has relied on discussions, customer reviews, in-house reviews, and seminars that have focused on energy efficiency in each of the sectors. EIA solicits the continued participation of its customers in further refining this work.

  20. Initial Attitude Estimation of Tactical Grade Inertial Measurement Unit for Airborne Environmental Camera

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Won, Chang-Hee

    1 Initial Attitude Estimation of Tactical Grade Inertial Measurement Unit for Airborne alignment depends on the inertial measurement unit's performance. In the case of the tactical grade inertial measurement unit, even though tilt angles can be estimated relatively accurately by using accelerometer

  1. EcoIMU: A Dual Triaxial-Accelerometer Inertial Measurement Unit for Wearable Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shinozuka, Masanobu

    EcoIMU: A Dual Triaxial-Accelerometer Inertial Measurement Unit for Wearable Applications Yi describes EcoIMU, a gyro-free, wearable inertial measurement unit (IMU) built with a pair of triaxial ac-Inertial Measurement Unit; gyro-free IMU; motion tracking; accelerometer; body sensor I. INTRODUCTION Motion

  2. Probing the Telltale Physics: Towards a Cyber-Physical Protocol to Mitigate Information

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kundur, Deepa

    . This is in contrast to our prior work that has assumed all PMU data is accurate. PDC Agent 2 Cluster 1 Agent 1 Fast 9 Agent 11 Agent 12 Fast-Acting Power Source Fast-Acting Power Source PMU Agent k Generator/ Active) a dynamic node representing a power system generator, (2) a phasor measurement unit (PMU) that acquires

  3. NESTED BOUNDS FOR THE CONSTRAINED SENSOR PLACEMENT PROBLEM Muhammad Uddin, Anthony Kuh and Aleksandar Kavcic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kavcic, Aleksandar

    considered Phasor Measurement Unit (PMU) placement in the power grid [4­6]. In [4] the problem is formulated- posed for the PMU placement problem. Performance bound for the greedy algorithm is obtained in [3, 5- veloped to sub-optimally solve the PMU placement problem. In [7], the authors present a unified

  4. A Mechanism for Detecting Gray Hole Attacks on Synchrophasor Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sikdar, Biplab

    in smart grids [1]. Phasor measurement unit (PMU) or synchrophasor data serves to facilitate a number in the maintenance and control of the power generation and distribution system, monitoring and manipulation of PMU. This paper addresses the problem of securing PMU data against packet dropping or gray hole attacks

  5. Cooperative Congestion Control in Power Grid Communication Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nahrstedt, Klara

    for the delivery of Phasor Measurement Unit(PMU) [1] sensor data with real time guarantees to the control centers for timely decisions. Present day network systems are unable to ensure real-time needs of the PMU data as they are not designed to support PMU devices. Hence, the need arises for new communication and control protocols

  6. FINAL PROJECT REPORT LOAD MODELING TRANSMISSION RESEARCH

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lesieutre, Bernard

    2013-01-01

    and data acquisition (SCADA), phasor  measurement units (and data acquisition (SCADA) measurements are more readily Monitoring Device Options SCADA PMU PPSM DFR Relay Power

  7. Portland State University Graduate School of Education Research unit Early Childhood Outcomes Measurement Project (ECOMP)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Portland State University Graduate School of Education Research unit Early Childhood Outcomes Measurement Project (ECOMP) US Department of Education, Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative

  8. UNIT 4.23Measurement of Soluble Epoxide Hydrolase (sEH) Activity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hammock, Bruce D.

    UNIT 4.23Measurement of Soluble Epoxide Hydrolase (sEH) Activity Christophe Morisseau1 and Bruce D, underlying how environmental con- taminants could influence human health through sEH. This unit describes phosphatase. This unit concentrates on the epoxide hydrolase activity. The C-terminal domain of sEH catalyzes

  9. Algorithm Summary and Evaluation: Automatic Implementation of Ringdown Analysis for Electromechanical Mode Identification from Phasor Measurements

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhou, Ning; Huang, Zhenyu; Tuffner, Francis K.; Jin, Shuangshuang; Lin, Jenglung; Hauer, Matthew L.

    2010-02-28

    Small signal stability problems are one of the major threats to grid stability and reliability. Prony analysis has been successfully applied on ringdown data to monitor electromechanical modes of a power system using phasor measurement unit (PMU) data. To facilitate an on-line application of mode estimation, this paper develops a recursive algorithm for implementing Prony analysis and proposed an oscillation detection method to detect ringdown data in real time. By automatically detecting ringdown data, the proposed method helps guarantee that Prony analysis is applied properly and timely on the ringdown data. Thus, the mode estimation results can be performed reliably and timely. The proposed method is tested using Monte Carlo simulations based on a 17-machine model and is shown to be able to properly identify the oscillation data for on-line application of Prony analysis. In addition, the proposed method is applied to field measurement data from WECC to show the performance of the proposed algorithm.

  10. A Universal Level Converter Towards theA Universal Level Converter Towards the Realization ofRealization of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohanty, Saraju P.

    buses. 3/6/2009 6 #12;DDNEMS Components: PMUDDNEMS Components: PMU Power Management Unit (PMU of PMU is a bank

  11. Design and Implementation of a 9-Axis Inertial Measurement Unit Pei-Chun Lin and Chi-Wei Ho

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Pei-Chun

    Design and Implementation of a 9-Axis Inertial Measurement Unit Pei-Chun Lin and Chi-Wei Ho Abstract-- We report on a 9-axis inertial measurement unit (IMU) which utilizes 3-axis angular velocity of states. A traditional inertial measurement unit (IMU) is comprised of 3-axis acceleration measurement

  12. Exploiting non-traditional parallelization for application performance and energy efficiency in parallel systems /

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kamruzzaman, Md

    2013-01-01

    performance monitoring unit (PMU) to identify memoryap- ply DVFS on that. The PMU computes the CPU clock cycles

  13. Computational Needs for the Next Generation Electric Grid Proceedings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Birman, Kenneth

    2012-01-01

    prediction method based on PMU”, Power & Energy Society model of utilizing PMU measurements”,  International for excitation system based on  PMU  data”,  CRIS  2009  ? 

  14. A Specific Multi-channel Photon-Counting Unit for Air-Pollution Measurement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Athens, University of

    A Specific Multi-channel Photon-Counting Unit for Air-Pollution Measurement Papageorgas P.1.g. confocal microscopy), air pollution optical measurements, laser sounding of the atmosphere for the in situ quantitative monitoring of up to five air pollutants simultaneously and one calibration channel

  15. Measurements and Units A large part of science is based upon the creation of mathematical models that

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robertson, William

    Measurements and Units A large part of science is based upon the creation of mathematical models, Second which measure length, mass, and time respectively. UNIT SYMBOL DESCRIPTION Meter m Measures length the mathematical description to the real world requires that there is a mutually agreed upon measurement system so

  16. 2780 IEEE SENSORS JOURNAL, VOL. 11, NO. 11, NOVEMBER 2011 Folded MEMS Pyramid Inertial Measurement Unit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Zhongping

    2780 IEEE SENSORS JOURNAL, VOL. 11, NO. 11, NOVEMBER 2011 Folded MEMS Pyramid Inertial Measurement. A prototype of the folded MEMS pyramid IMU with co-fabricated iner- tial sensors, electrical interconnects-on-insulator (SOI) backbone with in-situ fabricated high-aspect-ratio sensors. A planar multi- sensor unit

  17. College of Engineering and Architecture Evolution of Control for the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    India Grid #12;College of Engineering and Architecture Phasor Measurements Super PDC PDC PDC PMU PMU PMU PMU #12;College of Engineering and Architecture Data Base Issues ·Real time data base must

  18. In-situ gamma-PHA measurements to support unconditional release of 235-F chiller units

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Salaymeh, S.R.

    2000-02-17

    The Analytical Development Section of Savannah River Technology Center (SRTC) was requested by the Facility Decommission Division (FDD) to conduct in-situ gamma-ray pulse height analysis measurements to support the unconditional release of 235-F chiller units. The chiller units were used to cool process water in the 235-F facility. The measurements' main goal is to confirm that there is no process-related contaminants present on the chillers. For each of the two F-area clean water chillers, the authors have acquired ten gamma-ray pulse height analysis spectra. This report will discuss the purpose of the measurements, the experimental setup, data acquisition, calculations and results, and a conclusion of the study.

  19. A Measure of Non-Markovianity for Unital Quantum Dynamical Maps

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. Haseli; S. Salimi; A. S. Khorashad

    2015-09-22

    One of the most important topics in the study of the dynamics of open quantum system is information exchange between system and environment. Based on the features of a back-flow information from an environment to a system, an approach is provided to detect non-Markovianity for unital dynamical maps. The method takes advantage of non-contractive property of the von Neumann entropy under completely positive and trace preserving unital maps. Accordingly, for the dynamics of a single qubit as an open quantum system, the sign of the time-derivative of the density matrix eigenvalues of the system determines the non-Markovianity of unital quantum dynamical maps. The main characteristics of the measure is to make the corresponding calculations and optimization procedure simpler.

  20. The Definition and Measurement of the Topological Entropy per Unit Volume in Parabolic PDE's

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    P. Collet; J. -P. Eckmann

    1998-05-20

    We define the topological entropy per unit volume in parabolic PDE's such as the complex Ginzburg-Landau equation, and show that it exists, and is bounded by the upper Hausdorff dimension times the maximal expansion rate. We then give a constructive implementation of a bound on the inertial range of such equations. Using this bound, we are able to propose a finite sampling algorithm which allows (in principle) to measure this entropy from experimental data.

  1. The future of GPS-based electric power system measurements, operation and control

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rizy, D.T. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Wilson, R.E. [Western Area Power Administration, Golden, CO (United States); Martin, K.E.; Litzenberger, W.H. [Bonneville Power Administration, Portland, OR (United States); Hauer, J.F. [Pacific Northwest National Lab., Richland, WA (United States); Overholt, P.N. [Dept. of Energy, Washington, DC (United States); Sobajic, D.J. [Electric Power Research Inst., Palo Alto, CA (United States)

    1998-11-01

    Much of modern society is powered by inexpensive and reliable electricity delivered by a complex and elaborate electric power network. Electrical utilities are currently using the Global Positioning System-NAVSTAR (GPS) timekeeping to improve the network`s reliability. Currently, GPS synchronizes the clocks on dynamic recorders and aids in post-mortem analysis of network disturbances. Two major projects have demonstrated the use of GPS-synchronized power system measurements. In 1992, the Electric Power Research Institute`s (EPRI) sponsored Phase Measurements Project used a commercially available Phasor Measurements Unit (PMU) to collect GPS-synchronized measurements for analyzing power system problems. In 1995, Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) and Western Area Power Administration (WAPA) under DOE`s and EPRI`s sponsorship launched the Wide Area Measurements (WAMS) project. WAMS demonstrated GPS-synchronized measurements over a large area of their power networks and demonstrated the networking of GPS-based measurement systems in BPA and WAPA. The phasor measurement technology has also been used to conduct dynamic power system tests. During these tests, a large dynamic resistor was inserted to simulate a small power system disturbance.

  2. Structural Characterization And Condition For Measurement Statistics Preservation Of A Unital Quantum Operation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kai-Yan Lee; Chi-Hang Fred Fung; H. F. Chau

    2013-04-16

    We investigate the necessary and sufficient condition for a convex cone of positive semidefinite operators to be fixed by a unital quantum operation $\\phi$ acting on finite-dimensional quantum states. By reducing this problem to the problem of simultaneous diagonalization of the Kraus operators associated with $\\phi$, we can completely characterize the kind of quantum states that are fixed by $\\phi$. Our work has several applications. It gives a simple proof of the structural characterization of a unital quantum operation that acts on finite-dimensional quantum states --- a result not explicitly mentioned in earlier studies. It also provides a necessary and sufficient condition for what kind of measurement statistics is preserved by a unital quantum operation. Finally, our result clarifies and extends the work of St{\\o}rmer by giving a proof of a reduction theorem on the unassisted and entanglement-assisted classical capacities, coherent information, and minimal output Renyi entropy of a unital channel acting on finite-dimensional quantum state.

  3. A Data Driven Framework for Real Time Power System Event Detection and Visualization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCamish, Ben; Landford, Jordan; Bass, Robert; Cotilla-Sanchez, Eduardo; Chiu, David

    2015-01-01

    Increased adoption and deployment of phasor measurement units (PMU) has provided valuable fine-grained data over the grid. Analysis over these data can provide real-time insight into the health of the grid, thereby improving control over operations. Realizing this data-driven control, however, requires validating, processing and storing massive amounts of PMU data. This paper describes a PMU data management system that supports input from multiple PMU data streams, features an event-detection algorithm, and provides an efficient method for retrieving archival data. The event-detection algorithm rapidly correlates multiple PMU data streams, providing details on events occurring within the power system in real-time. The event-detection algorithm feeds into a visualization component, allowing operators to recognize events as they occur. The indexing and data retrieval mechanism facilitates fast access to archived PMU data. Using this method, we achieved over 30x speedup for queries with high selectivity. With th...

  4. A continuous measure of gross primary production for the conterminous United States derived from MODIS and AmeriFlux data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xiao, Jingfeng

    A continuous measure of gross primary production for the conterminous United States derived from Berkeley National Laboratory, Environmental Energy Technologies Division, Atmospheric Science Department Center Karlsruhe (FZK/IMK-IFU), Kreuzeckbahnstr, 19, 82467 Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany af Department

  5. Dynamic workload characterization for energy efficient computing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dhiman, Gaurav

    2011-01-01

    we do this by using the perfor- mance monitoring unit (PMU).The PMU is an independent hardware unit with four 32-bitcycles (CCNT) elapsed since the PMU was started in order to

  6. Dynamic Voltage and Frequency Scaling Under a Precise Energy Model Considering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pedram, Massoud

    is accessed Performance monitoring unit (PMU) ! Won is modeled as: ! PMU on the PXA255 processor chip can ! For DVFS, we use the PMU to generate statistics for " Total no. of instructions being executed (INSTR) " No

  7. Structure and Origins of Trends in Hydrological Measures over the western United States

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Das, T; Hidalgo, H G; Dettinger, M D; Cayan, D R; Pierce, D W; Bonfils, C; Barnett, T P; Bala, G; Mirin, A

    2008-08-22

    This study examines, at 1/8 degree spatial resolution, the geographic structure of observed trends in key hydrologically relevant variables across the western United States (U.S.) over the period 1950-1999, and investigates whether these trends are statistically significantly different from trends associated with natural climate variations. A number of variables were analyzed, including late winter and spring temperature, winter-total snowy days as a fraction of winter-total wet days, 1st April Snow Water Equivalent (SWE) as a fraction of October through March precipitation total (P{sub ONDJFM}), and seasonal (January-February-March; JFM) accumulated runoff as a fraction of water year accumulated runoff. The observed changes were compared to natural internal climate variability simulated by an 850-year control run of the CCSM3-FV climate model, statistically downscaled to a 1/8 degree grid using the method of Constructed Analogues. Both observed and downscaled temperature and precipitation data were then used to drive the Variable Infiltration Capacity (VIC) hydrological model to obtain the hydrological variables analyzed in this study. Large trends (magnitudes found less than 5% of the time in the long control run) are common in the observations, and occupy substantial part of the area (37-42%) over the mountainous western U.S. These trends are strongly related to the large scale warming that appears over 89% of the domain. The strongest changes in the hydrologic variables, unlikely to be associated with natural variability alone, have occurred at medium elevations (750 m to 2500 m for JFM runoff fractions and 500 m-3000 m for SWE/PONDJFM) where warming has pushed temperatures from slightly below to slightly above freezing. Further analysis using the data on selected catchments across the simulation domain indicated that hydroclimatic variables must have changed significantly (at 95% confidence level) over at least 45% of the total catchment area to achieve a detectable trend in measures accumulated to the catchment scale.

  8. Biogenic emission measurement and inventories determination of biogenic emissions in the eastern United States and Texas and comparison with biogenic emission inventories

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2010-01-01

    of bio- genic isoprene emission estimates for the state ofFull Article Biogenic emission measurement and inventoriesdetermination of biogenic emissions in the eastern United

  9. Development of a Precise Polarization Modulator for UV Spectropolarimetry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ishikawa, Shin-nosuke; Kano, Ryouhei; Bando, Takamasa; Ishikawa, Ryohko; Giono, Gabriel; Tsuneta, Saku; Nakayama, Satoshi; Tajima, Takao

    2015-01-01

    We developed a polarization modulation unit (PMU) to rotate a waveplate continuously in order to observe solar magnetic fields by spectropolarimetry. The non-uniformity of the PMU rotation may cause errors in the measurement of the degree of linear polarization (scale error) and its angle (crosstalk between Stokes-Q and -U), although it does not cause an artificial linear polarization signal (spurious polarization). We rotated a waveplate with the PMU to obtain a polarization modulation curve and estimated the scale error and crosstalk caused by the rotation non-uniformity. The estimated scale error and crosstalk were PMU will be used as a waveplate motor for the Chromospheric Lyman-Alpha SpectroPolarimeter (CLASP) rocket experiment. We confirmed that the PMU has the sufficient performance and function for CLASP.

  10. Testing and Validation of Phasor Measurement Based Devices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to provide internship opportunity related to PMU performance testing to Saugata Biswas. We would also like at Washington State University for their help in PMU and PDC testing. Additionally, we are grateful

  11. PMU | OpenEI Community

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc Jump to:Newberg,Energy LLC Jump to: navigation, searchPCSPEPCOLLC SmartPMBPMU

  12. OpenEI Community - PMU

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsourceII Jump to:InformationInformationOorjaenAdministration's

  13. Influence of Ohio River valley emissions on fine particle sulfate measured from aircraft over large regions of the eastern United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weber, Rodney

    valley emissions on fine particle sulfate measured from aircraft over large regions of the eastern UnitedInfluence of Ohio River valley emissions on fine particle sulfate measured from aircraft over large regions of the eastern United States and Canada during INTEX-NA Christopher J. Hennigan,1 Scott Sandholm,2

  14. Potential of Advanced Microwave Sounding Unit-A (AMSU-A) and AMSU-B measurements for atmospheric temperature and humidity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aires, Filipe

    Potential of Advanced Microwave Sounding Unit-A (AMSU-A) and AMSU-B measurements for atmospheric. The retrieval approach has been evaluated by comparison with available in situ measurements. Citation: Karbou, F., F. Aires, C. Prigent, and L. Eymard (2005), Potential of Advanced Microwave Sounding Unit-A (AMSU

  15. Advanced Techniques for Power System Identification from Measured Data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pierre, John W.; Wies, Richard; Trudnowski, Daniel

    2008-11-25

    Time-synchronized measurements provide rich information for estimating a power-system's electromechanical modal properties via advanced signal processing. This information is becoming critical for the improved operational reliability of interconnected grids. A given mode's properties are described by its frequency, damping, and shape. Modal frequencies and damping are useful indicators of power-system stress, usually declining with increased load or reduced grid capacity. Mode shape provides critical information for operational control actions. This project investigated many advanced techniques for power system identification from measured data focusing on mode frequency and damping ratio estimation. Investigators from the three universities coordinated their effort with Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL). Significant progress was made on developing appropriate techniques for system identification with confidence intervals and testing those techniques on field measured data and through simulation. Experimental data from the western area power system was provided by PNNL and Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) for both ambient conditions and for signal injection tests. Three large-scale tests were conducted for the western area in 2005 and 2006. Measured field PMU (Phasor Measurement Unit) data was provided to the three universities. A 19-machine simulation model was enhanced for testing the system identification algorithms. Extensive simulations were run with this model to test the performance of the algorithms. University of Wyoming researchers participated in four primary activities: (1) Block and adaptive processing techniques for mode estimation from ambient signals and probing signals, (2) confidence interval estimation, (3) probing signal design and injection method analysis, and (4) performance assessment and validation from simulated and field measured data. Subspace based methods have been use to improve previous results from block processing techniques. Bootstrap techniques have been developed to estimate confidence intervals for the electromechanical modes from field measured data. Results were obtained using injected signal data provided by BPA. A new probing signal was designed that puts more strength into the signal for a given maximum peak to peak swing. Further simulations were conducted on a model based on measured data and with the modifications of the 19-machine simulation model. Montana Tech researchers participated in two primary activities: (1) continued development of the 19-machine simulation test system to include a DC line; and (2) extensive simulation analysis of the various system identification algorithms and bootstrap techniques using the 19 machine model. Researchers at the University of Alaska-Fairbanks focused on the development and testing of adaptive filter algorithms for mode estimation using data generated from simulation models and on data provided in collaboration with BPA and PNNL. There efforts consist of pre-processing field data, testing and refining adaptive filter techniques (specifically the Least Mean Squares (LMS), the Adaptive Step-size LMS (ASLMS), and Error Tracking (ET) algorithms). They also improved convergence of the adaptive algorithms by using an initial estimate from block processing AR method to initialize the weight vector for LMS. Extensive testing was performed on simulated data from the 19 machine model. This project was also extensively involved in the WECC (Western Electricity Coordinating Council) system wide tests carried out in 2005 and 2006. These tests involved injecting known probing signals into the western power grid. One of the primary goals of these tests was the reliable estimation of electromechanical mode properties from measured PMU data. Applied to the system were three types of probing inputs: (1) activation of the Chief Joseph Dynamic Brake, (2) mid-level probing at the Pacific DC Intertie (PDCI), and (3) low-level probing on the PDCI. The Chief Joseph Dynamic Brake is a 1400 MW disturbance to the system and is injected for a ha

  16. Fine-Grained Dynamic Voltage and Frequency Scaling for Precise Energy and Performance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pedram, Massoud

    Monitoring Unit (PMU) ! Proposed Fine-grained DVFS Policy ! Experimental Results ! Conclusion #12;2 Energy Monitoring Unit (PMU) ! PMU on the XScale processor chip can report up to 20 different dynamic events during be monitored and reported at any given time ! For DVFS, we use PMU to generate statistics for " Total no

  17. Investigating Inertial Measurement Units for Spatial Awareness in Multi-Surface Environments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maurer, Frank

    evaluated the applicability and usability of the SmartCube IMU, developed at the Alberta Center for Advanced and orientation measurements returned by the SmartCube? And whether it is a feasible alternative to sensor fusion was created to communicate spatial data from the SmartCube, and act as a device to send content. Users were

  18. Income and Beyond: Taking the Measure of Child Deprivation in the United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Salzman, Daniel

    not captured by more standard income poverty and material hardship measures. The paper concludes of deprivation . Poverty. Income Child Ind Res DOI 10.1007/s12187-014-9246-6 R. Ciula Italian Revenue Agency in Poverty, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027, USA e-mail: skinner@nccp.org Author's personal copy #12

  19. Measuring Galaxy Disk Mass with the SparsePak Integral Field Unit on WIYN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marc Verheijen; Matthew Bershady; David Andersen

    2002-01-21

    We present first results from commissioning data of the SparsePak Integral Field Unit on the WIYN telescope. SparsePak is a bundle of 82 fibers, each 5 arcsec in diameter and arranged in a sparsely filled, 76x77 arcsec hexagonal grid. NGC 3982, a nearly face-on, blue and very high surface brightness galaxy, was mapped in three spectral regions; around 5130A (MgI), 6680A (H-alpha) and 8660A (CaII-triplet) with FWHM spectral resolutions of 24, 16 and 37 km/s respectively. At 3.5 disk scale lengths, the spectra of 18 fibers were averaged after deprojection of the rotation curve. Stellar velocity dispersions were determined in the CaII region by convolving the spectrum of a K0.5-III template star with a Gaussian of varying FWHM and finding the best match to the azimuthally avaraged galaxy spectra. A radial mass surface density profile has been derived for a variety of scale heights assuming an isothermal vertical density profile. At two disk scale lengths, the mass surface density of N3982 is ~3 times higher than that of the Milky Way in the solar neighborhood. Surprisingly, the stellar rotation curve of this compact and high surface brightness galaxy is substantially sub-maximum.

  20. Anthropogenic emissions of nonmethane hydrocarbons in the northeastern United States: Measured seasonal variations from

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goldstein, Allen

    in relative emissions for this series of trace gases. Seasonal changes in n-butane and i-butane emissions may [Seinfeld and Pandis, 1998]. [3] In this study, we present the seasonality of C2-C6 (ethane, propane, n-butane, i-butane, n-pentane, i-pentane and n-hexane) hydrocarbons, NOy and CO as measured at Harvard Forest

  1. Small Units inside Large Units 8.1 Experimental units bigger than observational units

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bailey, R. A.

    Chapter 8 Small Units inside Large Units 8.1 Experimental units bigger than observational units 8, but it is individual people that are measured. In general, suppose that there are m experimental units, each of which consists of k observational units, and that there are t treatments, each of which is applied

  2. Critical issues for the application of integrated MEMS/CMOS technologies to inertial measurement units

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Smith, J.H.; Ellis, J.R.; Montague, S.; Allen, J.J.

    1997-03-01

    One of the principal applications of monolithically integrated micromechanical/microelectronic systems has been accelerometers for automotive applications. As integrated MEMS/CMOS technologies such as those developed by U.C. Berkeley, Analog Devices, and Sandia National Laboratories mature, additional systems for more sensitive inertial measurements will enter the commercial marketplace. In this paper, the authors will examine key technology design rules which impact the performance and cost of inertial measurement devices manufactured in integrated MEMS/CMOS technologies. These design parameters include: (1) minimum MEMS feature size, (2) minimum CMOS feature size, (3) maximum MEMS linear dimension, (4) number of mechanical MEMS layers, (5) MEMS/CMOS spacing. In particular, the embedded approach to integration developed at Sandia will be examined in the context of these technology features. Presently, this technology offers MEMS feature sizes as small as 1 {micro}m, CMOS critical dimensions of 1.25 {micro}m, MEMS linear dimensions of 1,000 {micro}m, a single mechanical level of polysilicon, and a 100 {micro}m space between MEMS and CMOS. This is applicable to modern precision guided munitions.

  3. Overview of the United States Department of Energy's ARM (Atmospheric Radiation Measurement) Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stokes, G.M. ); Tichler, J.L. )

    1990-06-01

    The Department of Energy (DOE) is initiating a major atmospheric research effort, the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program (ARM). The program is a key component of DOE's research strategy to address global climate change and is a direct continuation of DOE's decade-long effort to improve the ability of General Circulation Models (GCMs) to provide reliable simulations of regional, and long-term climate change in response to increasing greenhouse gases. The effort is multi-disciplinary and multi-agency, involving universities, private research organizations and more than a dozen government laboratories. The objective of the ARM Research is to provide an experimental testbed for the study of important atmospheric effects, particularly cloud and radiative processes, and to test parameterizations of these processes for use in atmospheric models. This effort will support the continued and rapid improvement of GCM predictive capability. 2 refs.

  4. Intelligent Economic Alarm Processor (IEAP) 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guan, Yufan

    2013-08-06

    ): ?The 21st Substation Design?, and ??Verifying Interoperability and Application Performance of PMUs and PMU-enabled IEDs at the Device and System Level?. The fourth one is funded by Advanced Research Agency- Energy (ARPA-E) through Green Electricity... Energy Management System MMS Market Management System SCADA Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition PMU Phasor Measurement Unit IED Intelligent Electronic Device ISO Independent System Operator SPS Special Protection Schemes ATC Available...

  5. Absolute Cavity Pyrgeometer to Measure the Absolute Outdoor Longwave Irradiance with Traceability to International System of Units, SI

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Reda, I.; Zeng, J.; Scheuch, J.; Hanssen, L.; Wilthan, B.; Myers, D.; Stoffel, T.

    2012-03-01

    This article describes a method of measuring the absolute outdoor longwave irradiance using an absolute cavity pyrgeometer (ACP), U.S. Patent application no. 13/049, 275. The ACP consists of domeless thermopile pyrgeometer, gold-plated concentrator, temperature controller, and data acquisition. The dome was removed from the pyrgeometer to remove errors associated with dome transmittance and the dome correction factor. To avoid thermal convection and wind effect errors resulting from using a domeless thermopile, the gold-plated concentrator was placed above the thermopile. The concentrator is a dual compound parabolic concentrator (CPC) with 180{sup o} view angle to measure the outdoor incoming longwave irradiance from the atmosphere. The incoming irradiance is reflected from the specular gold surface of the CPC and concentrated on the 11 mm diameter of the pyrgeometer's blackened thermopile. The CPC's interior surface design and the resulting cavitation result in a throughput value that was characterized by the National Institute of Standards and Technology. The ACP was installed horizontally outdoor on an aluminum plate connected to the temperature controller to control the pyrgeometer's case temperature. The responsivity of the pyrgeometer's thermopile detector was determined by lowering the case temperature and calculating the rate of change of the thermopile output voltage versus the changing net irradiance. The responsivity is then used to calculate the absolute atmospheric longwave irradiance with an uncertainty estimate (U{sub 95}) of {+-}3.96 W m{sup 02} with traceability to the International System of Units, SI. The measured irradiance was compared with the irradiance measured by two pyrgeometers calibrated by the World Radiation Center with traceability to the Interim World Infrared Standard Group, WISG. A total of 408 readings were collected over three different nights. The calculated irradiance measured by the ACP was 1.5 W/m{sup 2} lower than that measured by the two pyrgeometers that are traceable to WISG, with a standard deviation of {+-}0.7 W m{sup -2}. These results suggest that the ACP design might be used for addressing the need to improve the international reference for broadband outdoor longwave irradiance measurements.

  6. 914 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER DELIVERY, VOL. 30, NO. 2, APRIL 2015 Placement of PMUs Considering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nehorai, Arye

    , it is difficult to tell how the placement of a PMU at a specific location in the power system would affect the state estimation error, not to say the effect of the PMU synchronization and measurement accuracy on a measurement model which considers the phase-angle mismatch from PMU measurements. We then propose a PMU

  7. Digital rotation measurement unit

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Sanderson, S.N.

    1983-09-30

    A digital rotation indicator is disclosed for monitoring the position of a valve member having a movable actuator. The indicator utilizes mercury switches adapted to move in cooperation with the actuator. Each of the switches produces an output as it changes state when the actuator moves. A direction detection circuit is connected to the switches to produce a first digital signal indicative of the direction of rotation of the actuator. A count pulse generating circuit is also connected to the switches to produce a second digital pulse signal having count pulses corresponding to a change of state of any of the mercury switches. A reset pulse generating circuit is provided to generate a reset pulse each time a count pulse is generated. An up/down counter is connected to receive the first digital pulse signal and the second digital pulse signal and to count the pulses of the second digital pulse signal either up or down depending upon the instantaneous digital value of the first digital signal whereby a running count indicative of the movement of the actuator is maintained.

  8. 02/06/2006 07:44 PMU.S. Department of Energy Page 1 of 2http://www.doe.gov/print/3161.htm

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    today: .1 Building of a new generation of nuclear power plants in the United States. .2 Developing out of the hands of terrorists. "GNEP brings the promise of virtually limitless energy to emerging nuclear safeguards to enhance the proliferation-resistance and safety of expanded nuclear power. As GNEP

  9. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER SYSTEMS, VOL. 27, NO. 3, AUGUST 2012 1521 Optimal Placement of Phasor Measurement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giannakis, Georgios

    estimation is at the core of grid monitoring, PMU deployment is optimized here based on estimation-theoretic criteria. Considering both voltage and incident current readings per PMU-instrumented bus and incorporating conventionally derived state estimates under the Bayesian framework, PMU placement is formulated as an optimal

  10. RCRA facility investigation/corrective measures study work plan for the 200-UP-2 Operable Unit, Hanford Site, Richland, Washington

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-06-01

    The 200-UP-2 Operable Unit is one of two source operable units at the U Plant Aggregate Area at the Hanford Site. Source operable units include waste management units and unplanned release sites that are potential sources of radioactive and/or hazardous substance contamination. This work plan, while maintaining the title RFI/CMS, presents the background and direction for conducting a limited field investigation in the 200-UP-2 Operable Unit, which is the first part of the process leading to final remedy selection. This report discusses the background, prior recommendations, goals, organization, and quality assurance for the 200-UP-2 Operable Unit Work Plan. The discussion begins with a summary of the regulatory framework and the role of the work plan. The specific recommendations leading into the work plan are then addressed. Next, the goals and organization of the report are discussed. Finally, the quality assurance and supporting documentation are presented.

  11. Measurement of the Formation Rate of Muonic Hydrogen Molecules

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andreev, V A; Carey, R M; Case, T A; Clayton, S M; Crowe, K M; Deutsch, J; Egger, J; Freedman, S J; Ganzha, V A; Gorringe, T; Gray, F E; Hertzog, D W; Hildebrandt, M; Kammel, P; Kiburg, B; Knaack, S; Kravtsov, P A; Krivshich, A G; Lauss, B; Lynch, K R; Maev, E M; Maev, O E; Mulhauser, F; Petitjean, C; Petrov, G E; Prieels, R; Schapkin, G N; Semenchuk, G G; Soroka, M A; Tishchenko, V; Vasilyev, A A; Vorobyov, A A; Vznuzdaev, M E; Winter, P

    2015-01-01

    Background: The rate \\lambda_pp\\mu\\ characterizes the formation of pp\\mu\\ molecules in collisions of muonic p\\mu\\ atoms with hydrogen. In measurements of the basic weak muon capture reaction on the proton to determine the pseudoscalar coupling g_P, capture occurs from both atomic and molecular states. Thus knowledge of \\lambda_pp\\mu\\ is required for a correct interpretation of these experiments. Purpose: Recently the MuCap experiment has measured the capture rate \\Lambda_S from the singlet p\\mu\\ atom, employing a low density active target to suppress pp\\mu\\ formation (PRL 110, 12504 (2013)). Nevertheless, given the unprecedented precision of this experiment, the existing experimental knowledge in \\lambda_pp\\mu\\ had to be improved. Method: The MuCap experiment derived the weak capture rate from the muon disappearance rate in ultra-pure hydrogen. By doping the hydrogen with 20 ppm of argon, a competing process to pp\\mu\\ formation was introduced, which allowed the extraction of \\lambda_pp\\mu\\ from the observed t...

  12. Studentnumber:Name:Degree: Unit:Unit:Unit:Unit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tobar, Michael

    Studentnumber:Name:Degree: Semester: Semester: Unit:Unit:Unit:Unit: Unit:Unit:Unit:Unit: Year the Undergraduate Degree Course Rules. Have you included units that will lead to at least one degree-specific major that the units you choose in first year will lead to at least one degree-specific major. It is a requirement

  13. Dynamic Voltage and Frequency Scaling based on Workload Decomposition*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pedram, Massoud

    monitoring unit (PMU) without a need for application profiling or compiler support. We have implemented monitoring unit (PMU), which most modern processors such as XScale80200 [1] or PXA255 [3] come equipped with

  14. Energy Efficient Nanoelectronic System Design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohanty, Saraju P.

    Example Electronic System: Secure Digital Camera Power Manag ement Unit (PMU) 05/21/2013 17 #12;Power Management Unit (PMU) Manages the power distribution to the various subsyst

  15. United States Department of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service Peelflc Southwest Forest and Range that are expressed in tems familim to the user. Theboard footand cubic footare mdiriond units of measure, altlnough

  16. Case report of a near medical event in stereotactic radiotherapy due to improper units of measure from a treatment planning system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gladstone, D. J.; Li, S.; Jarvis, L. A.; Hartford, A. C.

    2011-07-15

    Purpose: The authors hereby notify the Radiation Oncology community of a potentially lethal error due to improper implementation of linear units of measure in a treatment planning system. The authors report an incident in which a patient was nearly mistreated during a stereotactic radiotherapy procedure due to inappropriate reporting of stereotactic coordinates by the radiation therapy treatment planning system in units of centimeter rather than in millimeter. The authors suggest a method to detect such errors during treatment planning so they are caught and corrected prior to the patient positioning for treatment on the treatment machine. Methods: Using pretreatment imaging, the authors found that stereotactic coordinates are reported with improper linear units by a treatment planning system. The authors have implemented a redundant, independent method of stereotactic coordinate calculation. Results: Implementation of a double check of stereotactic coordinates via redundant, independent calculation is simple and accurate. Use of this technique will avoid any future error in stereotactic treatment coordinates due to improper linear units, transcription, or other similar errors. Conclusions: The authors recommend an independent double check of stereotactic treatment coordinates during the treatment planning process in order to avoid potential mistreatment of patients.

  17. Initial Results in Using a Self-Coherence Method for Detecting Sustained Oscillations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhou, Ning; Dagle, Jeffery E.

    2015-01-01

    This paper develops a self-coherence method for detecting sustained oscillations using phasor measurement unit (PMU) data. Sustained oscillations decrease system performance and introduce potential reliability issues. Timely detection of the oscillations at an early stage provides the opportunity for taking remedial reaction. Using high-speed time-synchronized PMU data, this paper details a self-coherence method for detecting sustained oscillation, even when the oscillation amplitude is lower than ambient noise. Simulation and field measurement data are used to evaluate the proposed method’s performance. It is shown that the proposed method can detect sustained oscillations and estimate oscillation frequencies with a low signal-to-noise ratio. Comparison with a power spectral density method also shows that the proposed self-coherence method performs better. Index Terms—coherence, power spectral density, phasor measurement unit (PMU), oscillations, power system dynamics

  18. PMU Uncertainty Quantification in Voltage Stability Analysis...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Year of Publication 2015 Authors Chen, C, Wang, J, Li, Z, Sun, H, Wang, Z Journal IEEE Transactions on Power Systems Volume 30 Start Page 2196 Issue 4 Pagination 2 Date...

  19. United States Department of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service Pacific Southwest Forest and Range unit investigating measurement and analysis techniques for management planning, with headquarters in Berkeley, Calif. ELLIOT L. AMIDON is now assigned to the Station's unit at Arcata, Calif., that is studying

  20. 402 2012 IEEE International Solid-State Circuits Conference ISSCC 2012 / SESSION 23 / ADVANCES IN HETEROGENEOUS INTEGRATION / 23.2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cafarella, Michael J.

    enables re-programming and synchronization. It also includes an ultra-low power PMU (Power Management Unit. A flexible PMU allows harvesting for perpetual operation from various energy sources. Two ARM Cortex-M0

  1. Airborne and ground-based measurements of the trace gases and particles emitted from prescribed fires in the United States

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Burling, Ian; Yokelson, Robert J.; Akagi, Sheryl; Urbanski, Shawn; Wold, Cyle E.; Griffith, David WT; Johnson, Timothy J.; Reardon, James; Weise, David

    2011-12-07

    We measured the emission factors for 19 trace gas species and particulate matter (PM2.5) from 14 prescribed fires in chaparral and oak savanna in the southwestern US, as well as pine forest understory in the southeastern US and Sierra Nevada mountains of California. These are likely the most extensive emission factor field measurements for temperate biomass burning to date and the only published emission factors for temperate oak savanna fuels. This study helps close the gap in emissions data available for temperate zone fires relative to tropical biomass burning. We present the first field measurements of the biomass burning emissions of glycolaldehyde, a possible precursor for aqueous phase secondary organic aerosol formation. We also measured the emissions of phenol, another aqueous phase secondary organic aerosol precursor. Our data confirm previous suggestions that urban deposition can impact the NOx emission factors and thus subsequent plume chemistry. For two fires, we measured the emissions in the convective smoke plume from our airborne platform at the same time the unlofted residual smoldering combustion emissions were measured with our ground-based platform after the flame front passed through. The smoke from residual smoldering combustion was characterized by emission factors for hydrocarbon and oxygenated organic species that were up to ten times higher than in the lofted plume, including significant 1,3-butadiene and isoprene concentrations which were not observed in the lofted plume. This should be considered in modeling the air quality impacts of smoke that disperses at ground level, and we show that the normally-ignored unlofted emissions can also significantly impact estimates of total emissions. Preliminary evidence of large emissions of monoterpenes was seen in the residual smoldering spectra, but we have not yet quantified these emissions. These data should lead to an improved capacity to model the impacts of biomass burning in similar ecosystems.

  2. Measurement of the Formation Rate of Muonic Hydrogen Molecules

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MuCap Collaboration; V. A. Andreev; T. I. Banks; R. M. Carey; T. A. Case; S. M. Clayton; K. M. Crowe; J. Deutsch; J. Egger; S. J. Freedman; V. A. Ganzha; T. Gorringe; F. E. Gray; D. W. Hertzog; M. Hildebrandt; P. Kammel; B. Kiburg; S. Knaack; P. A. Kravtsov; A. G. Krivshich; B. Lauss; K. R. Lynch; E. M. Maev; O. E. Maev; F. Mulhauser; C. Petitjean; G. E. Petrov; R. Prieels; G. N. Schapkin; G. G. Semenchuk; M. A. Soroka; V. Tishchenko; A. A. Vasilyev; A. A. Vorobyov; M. E. Vznuzdaev; P. Winter

    2015-02-03

    Background: The rate \\lambda_pp\\mu\\ characterizes the formation of pp\\mu\\ molecules in collisions of muonic p\\mu\\ atoms with hydrogen. In measurements of the basic weak muon capture reaction on the proton to determine the pseudoscalar coupling g_P, capture occurs from both atomic and molecular states. Thus knowledge of \\lambda_pp\\mu\\ is required for a correct interpretation of these experiments. Purpose: Recently the MuCap experiment has measured the capture rate \\Lambda_S from the singlet p\\mu\\ atom, employing a low density active target to suppress pp\\mu\\ formation (PRL 110, 12504 (2013)). Nevertheless, given the unprecedented precision of this experiment, the existing experimental knowledge in \\lambda_pp\\mu\\ had to be improved. Method: The MuCap experiment derived the weak capture rate from the muon disappearance rate in ultra-pure hydrogen. By doping the hydrogen with 20 ppm of argon, a competing process to pp\\mu\\ formation was introduced, which allowed the extraction of \\lambda_pp\\mu\\ from the observed time distribution of decay electrons. Results: The pp\\mu\\ formation rate was measured as \\lambda_pp\\mu = (2.01 +- 0.06(stat) +- 0.03(sys)) 10^6 s^-1. This result updates the \\lambda_pp\\mu\\ value used in the above mentioned MuCap publication. Conclusions: The 2.5x higher precision compared to earlier experiments and the fact that the measurement was performed at nearly identical conditions to the main data taking, reduces the uncertainty induced by \\lambda_pp\\mu\\ to a minor contribution to the overall uncertainty of \\Lambda_S and g_P, as determined in MuCap. Our final value for \\lambda_pp\\mu\\ shifts \\Lambda_S and g_P by less than one tenth of their respective uncertainties compared to our results published earlier.

  3. Strong and weak lensing united III: Measuring the mass distribution of the merging galaxy cluster 1E0657-56

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marusa Bradac; Douglas Clowe; Anthony H. Gonzalez; Phil Marshall; William Forman; Christine Jones; Maxim Markevitch; Scott Randall; Tim Schrabback; Dennis Zaritsky

    2006-08-18

    The galaxy cluster 1E0657-56 (z = 0.296) is remarkably well-suited for addressing outstanding issues in both galaxy evolution and fundamental physics. We present a reconstruction of the mass distribution from both strong and weak gravitational lensing data. Multi-color, high-resolution HST ACS images allow detection of many more arc candidates than were previously known, especially around the subcluster. Using the known redshift of one of the multiply imaged systems, we determine the remaining source redshifts using the predictive power of the strong lens model. Combining this information with shape measurements of "weakly" lensed sources, we derive a high-resolution, absolutely-calibrated mass map, using no assumptions regarding the physical properties of the underlying cluster potential. This map provides the best available quantification of the total mass of the central part of the cluster. We also confirm the result from Clowe et al. (2004,2006a).

  4. Standard Methods of Characterizing Performance of Fan Filter Units, Version 3.0

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xu, Tengfang

    2007-01-01

    differential across unit Concurrent measurements of thesupplying. 4.4.1 Unit airflow rate measurement Actual unitpower demand of the unit. The measurement output of true

  5. Grid Monitoring: Bounds on Performances of Sensor Placement Algorithms Muhammad Uddin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kavcic, Aleksandar

    matrix, we use a linear minimum mean squared error estimator as the state estimator to formulate the PMU iterative algorithms [3]. The PMUs, on the other hand, can directly measure the states at the PMU the high measurement precision and reliability of the PMUs, we can consider the PMU measurements to be low

  6. Increasing the Resolution of Wide-Area Situational Awareness of the Power Grid through Event Unmixing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tolbert, Leon M.

    signal measurements. Since a Virginia Tech research team developed the first prototype PMU in 1988, PMUs of power system. As a member of the PMU family, the Frequency Distur- bance Recorder (FDR) was developed

  7. iDSRT: Integrated Dynamic Soft Real-time Architecture for Critical Infrastructure Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nahrstedt, Klara

    , network bandwidth and storage. For example, a Phasor Measurement Devices (PMU) in a power substation processor and sent over a wired/wireless LAN. End-to-end delay of PMU data has to be guaran- teed for real

  8. Comments on: Phasor Measurement Units

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11

  9. Sandia Energy - Phasor Measurement Units

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservation of Fe(II)Geothermal Energy &WaterNew CREWOnlineParticulatePatent AwardedPhase

  10. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER SYSTEMS, VOL. 0, NO. 0, MONTH YEAR 1 On-line Dynamic Security Assessment with Missing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Junshan

    with Missing PMU Measurements: A Data Mining Approach Miao He, Student Member, IEEE, Vijay Vittal, Fellow, IEEE of possibly missing PMU data. Specifically, multiple small DTs are first trained off-line using a random-area monitoring system (WAMS), the locational information of attributes, and the availability of PMU measurements

  11. Data Mining to Characterize Signatures of Impending System Events

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Data Mining to Characterize Signatures of Impending System Events or Performance from PMU or Performance from PMU Measurements Final Project Report Project Team Vijay Vittal, Project Leader Trevor Werho Mining to Characterize Signatures of Impending System Events or Performance from PMU Measurements

  12. Units and unit conversions important for ENES 100 Handout prepared by Prof. Sheryl Ehrman, Fall 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jacob, Bruce

    Units and unit conversions important for ENES 100 Handout prepared by Prof. Sheryl Ehrman, Fall 2008 The objective of this handout is to review the topic of units and unit conversions. Measured combine units. 100 kilometers = 200 km 0.5 h h Unit Conversions: The equivalence between two expressions

  13. Defending Synchrophasor Data Networks Against Traffic Analysis Attacks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sikdar, Biplab

    - tem. PMU data serves to facilitate a number of applications while enhancing others, such as real generation and distribution system, monitoring and manipulation of PMU data are particularly attractive of the PMU data measurement and collection network against a class of passive attacks and develops defense

  14. Unit and student details Unit code Unit title

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sekercioglu, Y. Ahmet

    Unit and student details Unit code Unit title If this is a group assignment, each student must submitted Has any part of this assessment been previously submitted as part of another unit/course? Yes not be copied. No part of this assignment has been previously submitted as part of another unit/course. I

  15. Unit Unit Desc Unit Unit Desc Program Program Desc OLD ACCOUNT FORMAT NEW ACCOUNT FORMAT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Unit Unit Desc Unit Unit Desc Program Program Desc OLD ACCOUNT FORMAT NEW ACCOUNT FORMAT 001113 AP Old O/S A/P NonResCk 0000 General 000000 General #12;Unit Unit Desc Unit Unit Desc Program Program

  16. RCS auditor trainee manual: renewable resource measures (revised). United States Department of Energy Technical Assistance Program for the Residential Conservation Service Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1980-10-01

    This manual describes the use of renewable measures and the procedures used to audit for them. Included are active solar space and water heating systems, passive solar space and water heating systems, and wind energy systems. Sample audit forms are completed for a house in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. A summary of installation standards for active solar systems is included. (WHK)

  17. PV modules, with a life measured in decades, will typically be in place longer than the outdoor unit of a HVAC system.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Eric E.

    PV modules, with a life measured in decades, will typically be in place longer than the outdoor and repaired promptly. PV systems suffer gradual degradation that is often not monitored, and the PV array may with copper conductors. On the other hand, PV systems have numerous modules (tens to thousands) and mounting

  18. Measuring Energy Efficiency Report in Html: Table of Contents

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Report: Measuring Energy Efficiency in the U.S. Economy Measuring Energy Efficiency In The United States' Economy: A Beginning Measuring Energy Efficiency in the United States'...

  19. Contamination analysis unit

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gregg, H.R.; Meltzer, M.P.

    1996-05-28

    The portable Contamination Analysis Unit (CAU) measures trace quantities of surface contamination in real time. The detector head of the portable contamination analysis unit has an opening with an O-ring seal, one or more vacuum valves and a small mass spectrometer. With the valve closed, the mass spectrometer is evacuated with one or more pumps. The O-ring seal is placed against a surface to be tested and the vacuum valve is opened. Data is collected from the mass spectrometer and a portable computer provides contamination analysis. The CAU can be used to decontaminate and decommission hazardous and radioactive surfaces by measuring residual hazardous surface contamination, such as tritium and trace organics. It provides surface contamination data for research and development applications as well as real-time process control feedback for industrial cleaning operations and can be used to determine the readiness of a surface to accept bonding or coatings. 1 fig.

  20. Contamination analysis unit

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gregg, Hugh R. (Livermore, CA); Meltzer, Michael P. (Livermore, CA)

    1996-01-01

    The portable Contamination Analysis Unit (CAU) measures trace quantifies of surface contamination in real time. The detector head of the portable contamination analysis unit has an opening with an O-ring seal, one or more vacuum valves and a small mass spectrometer. With the valve closed, the mass spectrometer is evacuated with one or more pumps. The O-ring seal is placed against a surface to be tested and the vacuum valve is opened. Data is collected from the mass spectrometer and a portable computer provides contamination analysis. The CAU can be used to decontaminate and decommission hazardous and radioactive surface by measuring residual hazardous surface contamination, such as tritium and trace organics It provides surface contamination data for research and development applications as well as real-time process control feedback for industrial cleaning operations and can be used to determine the readiness of a surface to accept bonding or coatings.

  1. UNITED STEELWORKERS

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effectWorking With WIPP UPDATE:Administrationfollowing tableUNITED FERC

  2. United States

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirley Ann Jackson About1996HowFOAShowing YouNeedof EnergyMeeting - MarchUSPS:1 United States

  3. United States

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirley Ann Jackson About1996HowFOAShowing YouNeedof EnergyMeeting - MarchUSPS:1 United States7

  4. United States

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirley Ann Jackson About1996HowFOAShowing YouNeedof EnergyMeeting - MarchUSPS:1 United States78

  5. United States

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirley Ann Jackson About1996HowFOAShowing YouNeedof EnergyMeeting - MarchUSPS:1 United

  6. United States

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirley Ann Jackson About1996HowFOAShowing YouNeedof EnergyMeeting - MarchUSPS:1 UnitedDuke-4-E

  7. Measurement of the parity violating 6S-7S transition amplitude in cesium achieved within 2 \\times 10^{-13} atomic-unit accuracy by stimulated-emission detection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. Guéna; M. Lintz; M. -A. Bouchiat

    2005-03-04

    We exploit the process of asymmetry amplification by stimulated emission which provides an original method for parity violation (PV) measurements in a highly forbidden atomic transition. The method involves measurements of a chiral, transient, optical gain of a cesium vapor on the 7S-6P_{3/2} transition, probed after it is excited by an intense, linearly polarized, collinear laser, tuned to resonance for one hyperfine line of the forbidden 6S-7S transition in a longitudinal electric field. We report here a 3.5 fold increase, of the one-second-measurement sensitivity, and subsequent reduction by a factor of 3.5 of the statistical accuracy compared with our previous result [J. Gu\\'ena et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 143001 (2003)]. Decisive improvements to the set-up include an increased repetition rate, better extinction of the probe beam at the end of the probe pulse and, for the first time to our knowledge, the following: a polarization-tilt magnifier, quasi-suppression of beam reflections at the cell windows, and a Cs cell with electrically conductive windows. We also present real-time tests of systematic effects, consistency checks on the data, as well as a 1% accurate measurement of the electric field seen by the atoms, from atomic signals. PV measurements performed in seven different vapor cells agree within the statistical error. Our present result is compatible with the more precise Boulder result within our present relative statistical accuracy of 2.6%, corresponding to a 2 \\times 10^{-13} atomic-unit uncertainty in E_1^{pv}. Theoretical motivations for further measurements are emphasized and we give a brief overview of a recent proposal that would allow the uncertainty to be reduced to the 0.1% level by creating conditions where asymmetry amplification is much greater.

  8. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    " 1Total U.S. includes all primary occupied housing units in the 50 States and the District of Columbia. Vacant housing units, seasonal units, second homes, military...

  9. United States Environmental

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al Faruque, Mohammad Abdullah

    Protect Your Family From Lead in Your Home United States Environmental Protection Agency United States Consumer Product Safety Commission United States Department of Housing and Urban Development

  10. Networked Information Gathering and Fusion of PMU Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    as one of nine broad analysis white papers in the project "The Future Grid to Enable Sustainable Energy & Development, Entergy Naim Logic, Senior Electrical Engineer, Salt River Project (SRP) Shimo Wang, Southern- infrastructure. The smart grid in the making is envisaged to integrate a considerable amount of renewable energy

  11. Networked Information Gathering and Fusion of PMU Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of renewable energy resources, which are highly variable. To meet these challenges, a key step is to develop of nine white papers in the project "The Future Grid to Enable Sustainable Energy Systems: An Initiative of the Power Systems Engineering Research Center." This project is funded by the U.S. Department of Energy

  12. Factors Affecting PMU Installation Costs (October 2014) | Department of

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergy A plug-inPPLforLDRD Report to Congress MoreHyd rog enOffice|DOEofPrimus

  13. Meeting PMU Data Quality Requirements for Mission Critical Applications

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergy AEnergy Managing Swimming Pool TemperatureWind andTheReleaseMonetPower Systems

  14. November 17 PSERC Webinar: Meeting PMU Data Quality Requirements for

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuelsof EnergyApril 2014Department ofWind Career MapPowerHydrogen Delivery

  15. Excimer Formation by Steric Twisting in Carbazole and Triphenylamine Based Host Materials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bagnich, Sergey A.; Athanasopoulos, Stavros; Rudnick, Alexander; Schroegel, Pamela; Bauer, Irene; Greenham, Neil C.; Strohriegl, Peter; Köhler, Anna

    2015-01-09

    the ubiquitous use of these materials, the spectroscopic understanding of their excited states is limited.1,3,17,18 Carbazole and triphenylemine-based hosts have a tendency to form excimers12,14 that may impact on the performance of OLEDs.19 While excimer... spectrophotometer and a Jasco FP-8600 spectrofluorimeter, respectively. Phosphorescence at 77 K was measured using a Jasco spectrofluorimeter equipped with a liquid nitrogen cooling unit (PMU-830). Computational methods Density functional theory (DFT...

  16. Termination unit

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Traeholt, Chresten [Frederiksberg, DK; Willen, Dag [Klagshamn, SE; Roden, Mark [Newnan, GA; Tolbert, Jerry C [Carrollton, GA; Lindsay, David [Carrollton, GA; Fisher, Paul W [Heiskell, TN; Nielsen, Carsten Thidemann [Jaegerspris, DK

    2014-01-07

    This invention relates to a termination unit comprising an end-section of a cable. The end section of the cable defines a central longitudinal axis and comprising end-parts of N electrical phases, an end-part of a neutral conductor and a surrounding thermally insulation envelope adapted to comprising a cooling fluid. The end-parts of the N electrical phases and the end-part of the neutral conductor each comprising at least one electrical conductor and being arranged in the cable concentrically around a core former with a phase 1 located relatively innermost, and phase N relatively outermost in the cable, phase N being surrounded by the neutral conductor, electrical insulation being arrange between neighboring electrical phases and between phase N and the neutral conductor, and wherein the end-parts of the neutral conductor and the electrical phases each comprise a contacting surface electrically connected to at least one branch current lead to provide an electrical connection: The contacting surfaces each having a longitudinal extension, and being located sequentially along the longitudinal extension of the end-section of the cable. The branch current leads being individually insulated from said thermally insulation envelope by individual electrical insulators.

  17. PSERC Webinar April 3

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Gathering and Fusion of PMU Measurements Junshan Zhang Professor, School of Electrical, Computer, and Energy Engineering Arizona State University PSERC Public Webinar...

  18. Synchrophasor Technologies and their Deployment in the Recovery...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Act Smart Grid Programs (August 2013) More Documents & Publications Factors Affecting PMU Installation Costs (October 2014) Securing Wide Area Measurement Systems North American...

  19. Validation Testing for the PM-PEMS Measurement Allowance Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, K; Durbin, T; Jung, H; Cocker III, D R; Khan, M Y

    2010-01-01

    the PEMS exhaust flow measurement for units 2 and 3. The MELbelow 10 mg/hp-h. Unit 3 had two measurements at DPF outcaused some measurement difficulties for unit 1, and thus a

  20. United Nations Programme on

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schrijver, Karel

    United Nations Programme on Space Applications UNITED NATIONS UNITED NATIONS OFFICE FOR OUTER SPACE, Sputnik 1. Soon after that event, the Member States of the United Nations declared that space should and natural resources management. At the first United Nations Conference on the Exploration and Peaceful Uses

  1. Software measurement 2009. 1. 14

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bae, Doo-Hwan

    that is obtained by measuring Measure[1] · A standard or unit of measurement · The extent, dimensions, capacitySoftware measurement Tutorial 2009. 1. 14 Yeong-Seok Seo #12; KAIST SE LAB 2009 Contents Introduction Designing a software measurement process Measurement elements Measurement scales Measure

  2. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    2 Water Heating in U.S. Homes, by OwnerRenter Status, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,,,"Housing Unit Type" ,,,,"Single-Family Units",,,,"Apartments in Buildings With"...

  3. United States Department of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service Pacific Southwest Forest and Range symposium dealing with this subject in the western United States, the papers presented address current ........................................................................................................................................ 1 Annosus Root Disease in Europe and the Southeastern United States: Occurrence, Research

  4. United States Department of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service Northeastern Forest Experiment Station research unit in New Hampshirein 1957, where he studied problemsof regenerationandthinning research unit at Warren, Pennsylvania, where he headed a program of research on problems related

  5. Unit 35 - Raster Storage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Unit 35, CC in GIS; Peuquet, Donna

    1990-01-01

    in GIS - 1990 Page 8 Unit 35 - Raster Storage GIS to whichNCGIA Core Curriculum in GIS - 1990 Page 9 Unit 35 - RasterStorage UNIT 35 IMAGES NCGIA Core Curriculum in GIS - 1990

  6. United States Department of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service Pacific Southwest Research Station General assigned to the Station's research unit studying the regeneration of California forests

  7. United States Department of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    United States Department of Agriculture MIX: A Computer Program to Evaluate Forest Service, a research entomologist, is in charge of the unit developing improved technology for integrated management

  8. United States Department of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service Pacific Southwest Research Station General Programs: A Review of Cognitive and Behavioral Studies Introduction Recent wildfires in the Western United

  9. United States Department of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service Pacific Southwest Forest and Range to the Chaparral Prescribed Fire Research Unit, headquartered at Riverside, California. Publisher: Pacific

  10. United States Department of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service Pacific Southwest Research Station General is a Research Ecologist at the Station's Timber Management/Wildlife Habitat Interactions Unit, Redwood Sciences

  11. United States of Agriculture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service Pacific Southwest Research Station General scientist with the Station's Wildland Recreation and Urban Cultures Research Unit, 4955 Canyon Crest Drive

  12. United States Department of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kurapov, Alexander

    A United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service Pacific Northwest Research Station General, land management, carbon sequestration, carbon markets, United States. #12;ii Executive Summary

  13. United States Department of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service Intermountain Research Station General acrossthe United States provide estimates of the amount of erosion reductionon forest roadsfrom

  14. United States Department of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    94701 United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service Pacific Southwest Forest and Range of California, Berkeley, and a cooperator with the Research Unit. #12;Acknowledgments We especially acknowledge

  15. United States Department of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service Pacific Southwest Forest and Range to the Station's chaparral and related ecosystems research unit, with headquarters at Riverside, California. He

  16. United States Department of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    United States Department of California Oaks: A Bibliography Agriculture Forest Service Pacific forester in the Station's Forest Regeneration Research Unit, at Redding, California. He holds bachelor

  17. United States Department of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Changlu

    United States Department of Agriculture Rural Business- Cooperative Service Research Report 157, concentration, globalization, agency theory Cooperatives in a Changing Global Food System United States

  18. United States Department of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service Pacific Southwest Research Station General is a supervisory research entomologist in the Station's Regeneration Insect Research Unit in Berkeley. W. WAYNE

  19. 23.2 A Modular 1mm3 Die-Stacked Sensing Platform With Optical Communication and Multi-Modal Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dutta, Prabal

    and synchronization. It also includes an ultra-low power PMU (Power Management Unit) with BOD (Brown-Out Detector ranges from 11nW in sleep mode up to ~40µW in active mode. A flexible PMU allows harvesting for perpetual

  20. A Millimeter-Scale Wireless Imaging System with Continuous Motion Detection and Energy Harvesting Gyouho Kim, Yoonmyung Lee, Zhiyoong Foo, Pat Pannuto, Ye-Sheng Kuo, Ben Kempke, Mohammad Hassan Ghaed,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cafarella, Michael J.

    generation during system sleep mode. The power management unit (PMU) in the PRC layer provides 1.2V and 0.6V power domains, down-converted from the 3.8V battery voltage. The PMU can sustain 10-100nA load on both

  1. Osprey: A Practical Type System for Validating Dimensional Unit Correctness of C Programs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Su, Zhendong

    .S.A. {jiangl, su}@cs.ucdavis.edu ABSTRACT Misuse of measurement units is a common source of errors in sci units, type systems 1. INTRODUCTION Scientific applications use measurement units such as meters, seconds, or kilograms. Misuse of measurement units in these ap- plications can be disastrous

  2. Subjective Evaluation of Join Cost and Smoothing Methods for Unit Selection Speech Synthesis 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vepa, Jithendra; King, Simon

    2005-01-01

    In unit selection-based concatenative speech synthesis, join cost (also known as concatenation cost), which measures how well two units can be joined together, is one of the main criteria for selecting appropriate units ...

  3. United States of Agriculture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    United States Department of Agriculture DESIGN: A Program to Create Data Forest Service Entry Research Work Unit at the Station's Forest Fire Laboratory, 4955 Canyon Crest Drive, Riverside, CA 92507

  4. United Sates Environmental Protection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bowen, James D.

    United Sates Environmental Protection Agency Office of Water (4305) EPA/823/B/95/003 August 1995 QUAL2E Windows Interface User's Guide #12;QUAL2E Windows Interface User's Guide United States

  5. United States of Agriculture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service Pacific Southwest Research Station General Observatory in Stinson Beach, Calif. Thomas E. Martin is Assistant Unit Leader--Wildlife at the U.S. Fish

  6. United States Department of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service Pacific Southwest Forest and Range, objectives, and targets and specific work plans for the field units--the National Forests and their Ranger

  7. United States Department of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service Pacific Northwest Research Station Research, and export from 1997 to 2010, for main world regions and the United States. Detailed tables by country

  8. United States Department of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service Northeastern Research Station Research Paper-Central United States (Monserud and Ek 1977; Monserud 1987). This model was used within the framework of FOREST

  9. United States Department of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    #12;United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service Pacific Southwest Research Station for the Station's Wildland Recreation and the Urban Culture Research Work Unit, located at the Forest Fire

  10. United States Department of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    United States Department of Agriculture Usual Planting and Harvesting Dates for U.S. Field Crops million acres of barley were harvested in the United States (U.S.) during 1996. After reaching a peak

  11. United States Department of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service Pacific Northwest Research Station Research, import, and export from 1997 to 2010, for main world regions and the United States. Detailed tables

  12. United States Department of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Estimated UseofWaterintheUnitedStatesin2005 Trends in estimated water use in the United States.L., Hutson, S.S., Linsey, K.S., Lovelace, J.K., and Maupin, M.A., 2009, Estimated use of water in the United

  13. United States of Agriculture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service Intermountain Research Station Research Research Station's Riparian-Stream Ecology and Management Research Work Unit at Boise, ID. He re- ceived with the Intermountain Research Station's Riparian-Stream Ecology and Man- agement Research Work Unit at the Forestry

  14. United States Department of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service Northeastern Research Station General Estimates for Forest Types of the United States James E. Smith Linda S. Heath Kenneth E. Skog Richard A forest types within 10 regions of the United States. Separate tables were developed for afforestation

  15. United States Department of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service General Technical #12;- TH ,a geneticist, is assigned to the Station's research unit dyin etics of western forest trees, with headquarters in Berkeley, Berkeley. PAUL D. cal technician with the genetics research unit, isa forestry gra California, Berkeley

  16. United States Department of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clements, Craig

    United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service Intermountain Research Station Ogden, UT. He was project leader of the fire fundamentals research work unit from 1966 until 1979 and is currently project leader of the fire behavior research work unit at the fire sciences laboratory. RALPH A

  17. United States Department of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liebhold, Andrew

    United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service Northeastern Research Station Research Paper of the Eastern United States have been devastated by invasive pests. We used existing data to predict-quarter in total host density. Gypsy moth occupies only 23 percent of its potential range in the Eastern United

  18. United States Department of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service Pacific Southwest Forest and Range Thomas J. Mills Frederick W. Bratten #12;The Authors: are with the Station's research unit studying fire J. MILLS, a forest economist, is in charge of the unit. He earned degrees at Michigan State

  19. United States of Agriculture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service Pacific Southwest Research Station General,000 xylem resin samples of pine (Pinus) species and hybrids--largely from the western United States locations in the eastern and southern United States. Cover Image: Chapter 6, Figure 6-2. #12;Xylem

  20. United States Department of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service Pacific Southwest Forest and Range ecosystemsresearch unit located in Riverside. California. PAUL H. DUNN was project leader at that time and is now project leader of the atmospheric deposition research unit in Riverside. Calif. SUSAN C. BARRO

  1. United States Department of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    United States Department of Proceedings of the Agriculture Pacific Southwest Symposium on Social of Agriculture; 96 p. The growing demand for recreation at the wildland-urban interface throughout the United and the Urban Culture Research Unit headquartered at the Forest Fire Laboratory, 4955 Canyon Crest Dr

  2. United States Department of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service Pacific Southwest Research Station http. Arbaugh is a statistician with the Station's Atmospheric Deposition Effects Research Unit at Riverside and associate professor with the National Park Service Cooperative Park Studies Unit, College of Forest

  3. United States Department of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Holberton, Rebecca L.

    United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service Northeastern Research Station General Technical Report NE-318 Atlas of Climate Change Effects in 150 Bird Species of the Eastern United States Service 359 Main Road Delaware, OH 43015 USA #12;United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service

  4. United States Department of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service Northeastern Research Station Research Paper NE-722 James E. Smith Linda S. Heath A Model of Forest Floor Carbon Mass for United States Forest contiguous United States. Manuscript received for publication 22 April 2002 #12;A Model of Forest Floor

  5. United States Department of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service Southern Research Station General Technical United States. In: Rauscher, H. Michael, and Kurt Johnsen, eds. Southern forest science: past, present Trends in the Southern United States Robert A. Mickler, James E. Smith, and Linda S. Heath1 Abstract

  6. UNITED STATES PARTMENT OF

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    UNITED STATES PARTMENT OF lMMERCE J8l1CATION SEATTLE, WA IOVEMBER 1973 FISHERY FACTS-6 U. S of foreign fishing off United States coastal waters, and the aevelopment and enforce- ment of international;ABSTRACT Dungeness crabs, Cancer magister, occur in the inshore waters of t he west coast of the United

  7. United States Department of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service Northeastern Research Station General reported in USDA Forest Service surveys for forests of the conterminous United States. Developed for use estimates are provided for regional tree-mass totals using summary forest statistics for the United States

  8. United States Nuclear Regulatory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission United States Department of Energy United States.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission Washington, DC 20555-0001 E-mail: DISTRIBUTION@nrc.gov Facsimile: 301; and Commission papers and their attachments. NRC publications in the NUREG series, NRC regulations, and Title 10

  9. Unit Testing Discussion C

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    Unit Testing Discussion C #12;Unit Test public Method is smallest unit of code Input/output transformation Test if the method does what it claims Not exactly black box testing #12;Test if (actual result Expected Computed Input #12;Functionality Computation ­ Easy to test Time based Asynchronous interaction

  10. The Macroscopic Cortical Unit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Penny, Will

    The Macroscopic Brain Will Penny Cortical Unit Neural Mass Model Cell Populations Differential Will Penny 21st April 2011 #12;The Macroscopic Brain Will Penny Cortical Unit Neural Mass Model Cell as formulated in David et al. (2006). #12;The Macroscopic Brain Will Penny Cortical Unit Neural Mass Model Cell

  11. Evaluating two experimental approaches for measuring ecosystem carbon oxidation state and oxidative ratio

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Masiello, C. A; Gallagher, M. E; Randerson, J. T; Deco, R. M; Chadwick, O. A

    2008-01-01

    error on measurements (0.045 C ox units). Accuracy inOR units), with the most accurate measurements resultingmost accurate OR measurement technique (±0.011 OR units). 4.

  12. Data Mining to Characterize Signatures of Impending System Events

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Data Mining to Characterize Signatures of Impending System Events or Performance from PMU the Future Electric Energy System #12;#12;Data Mining to Characterize Signatures of Impending System Events Mining to Characterize Signatures of Impending System Events or Performance from PMU Measurements

  13. Time Stamp Attack in Smart Grid: Physical Mechanism and Damage Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gong, Shuping; Li, Husheng; Dimitrovski, Aleksandar D

    2012-01-01

    Many operations in power grids, such as fault detection and event location estimation, depend on precise timing information. In this paper, a novel time stamp attack (TSA) is proposed to attack the timing information in smart grid. Since many applications in smart grid utilize synchronous measurements and most of the measurement devices are equipped with global positioning system (GPS) for precise timing, it is highly probable to attack the measurement system by spoofing the GPS. The effectiveness of TSA is demonstrated for three applications of phasor measurement unit (PMU) in smart grid, namely transmission line fault detection, voltage stability monitoring and event locationing.

  14. Time Synchronization Attack in Smart Grid-Part I: Impact and Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Zhenghao; Dimitrovski, Aleksandar D; Li, Husheng

    2012-01-01

    Many operations in power grids, such as fault detection and event location estimation, depend on precise timing information. In this paper, a novel Time Synchronization Attack (TSA) is proposed to attack the timing information in smart grid. Since many applications in smart grid utilize synchronous measurements and most of the measurement devices are equipped with global positioning system (GPS) for precise timing, it is highly probable to attack the measurement system by spoofing the GPS. The effectiveness of TSA is demonstrated for three applications of phasor measurement unit (PMU) in smart grid, namely transmission line fault detection, voltage stability monitoring and event locationing. The validity of TSA is demonstrated by numerical simulations.

  15. Investigative Physics Module 1: Activity Units for Physics 131

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilfoyle, Jerry

    and Graphing Horizontal Motion 4 2 Walking Speed 8 3 Converting Units 9 4 Measurement and Uncertainty 11 5Investigative Physics Module 1: Activity Units for Physics 131 Gerard P. Gilfoyle, Philip D. Rubin active learning. Some of these units have been taken from the Workshop Physics project at Dickinson

  16. Human Artificial versus Natural Conceptualization of Spacetime Units Bernd Binder

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Binder, Bernd

    to a system of units. Additionally, the definition and measurement of the Newton constant does not involveHuman Artificial versus Natural Conceptualization of Spacetime Units Bernd Binder binder@quanics.com (Dated: 30.12.2003, www.quanics.com) The human international system of units (SI) is an artificial

  17. Human Artificial versus Natural Conceptualization of Spacetime Units Bernd Binder

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Binder, Bernd

    of units. Additionally, the definition and measurement of the Newton constant does not involve the lightHuman Artificial versus Natural Conceptualization of Spacetime Units Bernd Binder binder@quanics.com (Dated: 30.12.2003, www.quanics.com) The human international system of units (SI) is an artificial

  18. Unit 51 - GIS Application Areas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Unit 51, CC in GIS; Cowen, David; Ferguson, Warren

    1990-01-01

    51 - GIS APPLICATION AREAS UNIT 51 - GIS APPLICATION AREAS1990 Page 1 Unit 51 - GIS Application Areas Computers inyour students. UNIT 51 - GIS APPLICATION AREAS Compiled with

  19. Job Safety Analysis College/Department/Unit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saskatchewan, University of

    Job Safety Analysis (JSA) College/Department/Unit: Title of Job Activity: Hydraulic Press Location and Measurement: Date of Original JSA: JSA #: JSA Approved by: Date: #12;JSA # Page 2 Review Frequency: Yearly Measures Position item in proper location and secure Damage to equipment or operator Use proper jig

  20. United States Department of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ..............................................................................2 Solid Waste Management .........................................................................3 ....................................................................................4 Solid Waste ManagementUnited States Department of Returns on InvestmentsAgriculture Forest Service in Management Sciences

  1. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    3 Structural and Geographic Characteristics of U.S. Homes, by Year of Construction, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"Year of Construction" ,"Total U.S.1 (millions)"...

  2. Shared performance monitor in a multiprocessor system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Chiu, George; Gara, Alan G; Salapura, Valentina

    2014-12-02

    A performance monitoring unit (PMU) and method for monitoring performance of events occurring in a multiprocessor system. The multiprocessor system comprises a plurality of processor devices units, each processor device for generating signals representing occurrences of events in the processor device, and, a single shared counter resource for performance monitoring. The performance monitor unit is shared by all processor cores in the multiprocessor system. The PMU is further programmed to monitor event signals issued from non-processor devices.

  3. Associative list processing unit

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hemmert, Karl Scott; Underwood, Keith D.

    2013-01-29

    An associative list processing unit and method comprising employing a plurality of prioritized cell blocks and permitting inserts to occur in a single clock cycle if all of the cell blocks are not full. Also, an associative list processing unit and method comprising employing a plurality of prioritized cell blocks and using a tree of prioritized multiplexers descending from the plurality of cell blocks.

  4. FISHERY STATISTICS UNITED STATES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    FISHERY STATISTICS OF THE UNITED STATES 1972 STATISTICAL DIGEST NO. 66 Prepared by STATISTICS;ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The data in this edition of "Fishery Statistics of the United States" were collected in co- operation with the various States and tabulated by the staff of the Statistics and Market News Division

  5. The Unit Coordinator Handbook About the Unit Coordinator Handbook

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mucina, Ladislav

    1 The Unit Coordinator Handbook About the Unit Coordinator Handbook This Handbook will assist you in fulfilling your responsibilities as a Unit Coordinator and has been developed with input from Unit staff, however, more resources are available at the Unit Coordinator website: http

  6. United States Conservation Plan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gray, Matthew

    United States Shorebird Conservation Plan M A N O M E T C E N T E R F O R C O N S E R V A T I O N T I O N #12;United States Shorebird Conservation Plan Council Organizations #12;1 U n i t e d S t a t e s S h o r e b i r d C o n s e r v a t i o n P l a n 2 0 0 1 The United States Shorebird

  7. Estimation of the Dynamic States of Synchronous Machines Using an Extended Particle Filter

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhou, Ning; Meng, Da; Lu, Shuai

    2013-11-11

    In this paper, an extended particle filter (PF) is proposed to estimate the dynamic states of a synchronous machine using phasor measurement unit (PMU) data. A PF propagates the mean and covariance of states via Monte Carlo simulation, is easy to implement, and can be directly applied to a non-linear system with non-Gaussian noise. The extended PF modifies a basic PF to improve robustness. Using Monte Carlo simulations with practical noise and model uncertainty considerations, the extended PF’s performance is evaluated and compared with the basic PF and an extended Kalman filter (EKF). The extended PF results showed high accuracy and robustness against measurement and model noise.

  8. Synchronized Phasor Data for Analyzing Wind Power Plant Dynamic Behavior and Model Validation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wan, Y. H.

    2013-01-01

    The U.S. power industry is undertaking several initiatives that will improve the operations of the power grid. One of those is the implementation of 'wide area measurements' using phasor measurement units (PMUs) to dynamically monitor the operations and the status of the network and provide advanced situational awareness and stability assessment. This project seeks to obtain PMU data from wind power plants and grid reference points and develop software tools to analyze and visualize synchrophasor data for the purpose of better understanding wind power plant dynamic behaviors under normal and contingency conditions.

  9. Unit Clause: Summary Benny Applebaum

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Applebaum, Benny

    Unit Clause: Summary Benny Applebaum Tel-Aviv University Spring Semester, 2012 #12;Unit Clause: Reminder Unit Clause Input: chosen uniformly from F3(n, rn). 1 If there exists unit clause (Forced step) pick at random unit clause { i} and satisfy it 2 Otherwise, (Free step) pick a random literal i

  10. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    3 Computers and Other Electronics in U.S. Homes, by Year of Construction, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"Year of Construction" ,"Total U.S.1 (millions)" ,,"Before...

  11. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    3 Household Demographics of U.S. Homes, by Year of Construction, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"Year of Construction" ,"Total U.S.1 (millions)" ,,"Before 1940","1940 to...

  12. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    3 Space Heating in U.S. Homes, by Year of Construction, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"Year of Construction" ,"Total U.S.1 (millions)" ,,"Before 1940","1940 to...

  13. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    3 Air Conditioning in U.S. Homes, by Year of Construction, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"Year of Construction" ,"Total U.S.1 (millions)" ,,"Before 1940","1940 to...

  14. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    3 Fuels Used and End Uses in U.S. Homes, by Year of Construction, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"Year of Construction" ,"Total U.S.1 (millions)" ,,"Before 1940","1940 to...

  15. Voltage verification unit

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Martin, Edward J. (Virginia Beach, VA)

    2008-01-15

    A voltage verification unit and method for determining the absence of potentially dangerous potentials within a power supply enclosure without Mode 2 work is disclosed. With this device and method, a qualified worker, following a relatively simple protocol that involves a function test (hot, cold, hot) of the voltage verification unit before Lock Out/Tag Out and, and once the Lock Out/Tag Out is completed, testing or "trying" by simply reading a display on the voltage verification unit can be accomplished without exposure of the operator to the interior of the voltage supply enclosure. According to a preferred embodiment, the voltage verification unit includes test leads to allow diagnostics with other meters, without the necessity of accessing potentially dangerous bus bars or the like.

  16. Associative list processing unit

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hemmert, Karl Scott; Underwood, Keith D

    2014-04-01

    An associative list processing unit and method comprising employing a plurality of prioritized cell blocks and permitting inserts to occur in a single clock cycle if all of the cell blocks are not full.

  17. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    by the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Energy and Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE). 3Use of heating equipment for another housing unit also includes the use of...

  18. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    by the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Energy and Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE). 3Housing units are classified as urban or rural using definitions created by...

  19. Automatically clustering similar units for unit selection in speech synthesis. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Black, Alan W; Taylor, Paul A

    1997-01-01

    This paper describes a new method for synthesizing speech by concatenating sub-word units from a database of labelled speech. A large unit inventory is created by automatically clustering units of the same phone class ...

  20. UNIT SELECTION ALGORITHM FOR JAPANESE SPEECH SYNTHESIS BASED ON BOTH PHONEME UNIT AND DIPHONE UNIT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duh, Kevin

    UNIT SELECTION ALGORITHM FOR JAPANESE SPEECH SYNTHESIS BASED ON BOTH PHONEME UNIT AND DIPHONE UNIT ABSTRACT This paper proposes a novel unit selection algorithm for Japanese Text-To-Speech (TTS) systems, CV units are basic to con- catenative TTS systems for Japanese. However, speech syn- thesized with CV

  1. Conventional regression models Unlabelled units

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCullagh, Peter

    Conventional regression models Unlabelled units Consequences Sampling bias in logistic models Peter effects #12;Conventional regression models Unlabelled units Consequences Outline 1 Conventional regression models Gaussian models Binary regression model Properties of conventional models 2 Unlabelled units Point

  2. Unit 9: Spatial Data Conversion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    9, CCTP; Dodson, Rustin

    1998-01-01

    UNIT 9: SPATIAL DATA CONVERSION Written by Rustin Dodson,Programs Page 1 Unit 9: Spatial Data Conversion freezingPrograms Page 2 Unit 9: Spatial Data Conversion Export USGS

  3. Best Buys and Unit Pricing 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anding, Jenna

    2000-02-02

    This guide explains how to determine a unit price--the cost of an item based on a specific unit such as pound or ounce. Unit pricing can be used to identify foods that are the most economical....

  4. A Natural Mass Unit Hidden in the Planck Action Quantum Bernd Binder

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Binder, Bernd

    A Natural Mass Unit Hidden in the Planck Action Quantum Bernd Binder binder@quanics.com c 2003 baryon mass a natural mass unit µ can be identified by extrapolating dimensionless Planck units h = c = 1 to the System of Units (SI). Similar to quantum measurements that determine h it is only necessary to relate

  5. A Natural Mass Unit Hidden in the Planck Action Quantum Bernd Binder

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Binder, Bernd

    A Natural Mass Unit Hidden in the Planck Action Quantum Bernd Binder binder@quanics.com c #2003 baryon mass a natural mass unit µ can be identified by extrapolating dimensionless Planck units h = c = 1 to the System of Units (SI). Similar to quantum measurements that determine h it is only necessary to relate

  6. Solving Unit Commitment by a Unit Decommitment Method

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Solving Unit Commitment by a Unit Decommitment Method Chung-Li Tsengy,Chao-an Liz, Shmuel S. Oren x October 14, 1997 Abstract In this paper, we present an e cient and robust method for solving unit commit- ment problem using a unit decommitment method. 1 Introduction A problem that must be frequently solved

  7. UCL Migration Research Unit 2013 Migration Research Unit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Peter JS

    UCL Migration Research Unit ANNUAL REPORT 2013 Migration Research Unit UCL DEPARTMENT OF GEOGRAPHY in the Migration Research Unit. Two key members of the research unit are on the move. JoAnn McGregor moves highly successful MSc in Global Migration and her involvement in the degree will be missed as well as her

  8. NIST Weights and Measures Division Marketplace

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and inch-pound measurement units in a net quantity of contents statement. The term metric labeling refers to using only metric measurement units in a net quantity of contents statement. 2 (15 U.S.C. §§ 1451NIST Weights and Measures Division Marketplace Assessment ­ Metric Labeling on Packages in Retail

  9. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Unit Buildings",19.1,4.4,3.7,6.2,4.7 "Mobile Homes",6.9,0.5,1.1,3.9,1.4 "Year of Construction" "Before 1940",14.4,5.6,4.6,2.4,1.9 "1940 to 1949",5.2,1.3,1.4,1.6,0.9 "1950 to...

  10. United States Department of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    are thought to contribute to carbon sequestration, including current debates on this topic. The science regarding forestry and carbon sequestration is more advanced and less controversial than that for range, land management, carbon sequestration, carbon markets, United States. #12;ii Executive Summary

  11. United States Department of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to moisture availability and solar radiation. We describe research results pertaining to global climate change Technical Report PSW-GTR-235 June 2011 A Review of the Potential Effects of Climate Change on Quaking Aspen of the potential effects of climate change on quaking aspen (Populus tremuloides) in the Western United States

  12. June 15, 2015 Dear NIST Measurement Services Customer,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    June 15, 2015 Dear NIST Measurement Services Customer, The National Institute of Standards and disseminating national metrology standards ­ realizations of the International System of Units (SI) - for the basic measurement quantities, and for many derived measurement quantities. Measurement results

  13. Mathematical structure of unit systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Masao Kitano

    2013-05-04

    We investigate the mathematical structure of unit systems and the relations between them. Looking over the entire set of unit systems, we can find a mathematical structure that is called preorder (or quasi-order). For some pair of unit systems, there exists a relation of preorder such that one unit system is transferable to the other unit system. The transfer (or conversion) is possible only when all of the quantities distinguishable in the latter system are always distinguishable in the former system. By utilizing this structure, we can systematically compare the representations in different unit systems. Especially, the equivalence class of unit systems (EUS) plays an important role because the representations of physical quantities and equations are of the same form in unit systems belonging to an EUS. The dimension of quantities is uniquely defined in each EUS. The EUS's form a partially ordered set. Using these mathematical structures, unit systems and EUS's are systematically classified and organized as a hierarchical tree.

  14. Thermal insulated glazing unit

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Selkowitz, S.E.; Arasteh, D.K.; Hartmann, J.L.

    1988-04-05

    An improved insulated glazing unit is provided which can attain about R5 to about R10 thermal performance at the center of the glass while having dimensions about the same as those of a conventional double glazed insulated glazing unit. An outer glazing and inner glazing are sealed to a spacer to form a gas impermeable space. One or more rigid, non-structural glazings are attached to the inside of the spacer to divide the space between the inner and outer glazings to provide insulating gaps between glazings of from about 0.20 inches to about 0.40 inches. One or more glazing surfaces facing each thermal gap are coated with a low emissivity coating. Finally, the thermal gaps are filled with a low conductance gas such as krypton gas. 2 figs.

  15. Thermal insulated glazing unit

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Selkowitz, Stephen E. (Piedmont, CA); Arasteh, Dariush K. (Oakland, CA); Hartmann, John L. (Seattle, WA)

    1991-01-01

    An improved insulated glazing unit is provided which can attain about R5 to about R10 thermal performance at the center of the glass while having dimensions about the same as those of a conventional double glazed insulated glazing unit. An outer glazing and inner glazing are sealed to a spacer to form a gas impermeable space. One or more rigid, non-structural glazings are attached to the inside of the spacer to divide the space between the inner and outer glazings to provide insulating gaps between glazings of from about 0.20 inches to about 0.40 inches. One or more glazing surfaces facing each thermal gap are coated with a low emissivity coating. Finally, the thermal gaps are filled with a low conductance gas such as krypton gas.

  16. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    .2,7.1,4.4,2.6,1.3,3,6.8 "Central Warm-Air Furnace",19.1,4.6,5.5,3.6,2.2,1.2,0.6,1.4,3.5 "Heat Pump",9.8,1.4,2,2,1.4,1,0.6,1.3,0.9 "Built-In Electric Units",5.7,1.9,1.6,0.9,0.6,0.3...

  17. Relation of anthropometric obesity and computed tomography measured nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (from the Multiethnic Study of Atherosclerosis)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-01-01

    the mean Houns?eld unit measurement of both right liver lobethe spleen Houns?eld unit measurement. MESA reproducibilitymeasurement of liver fat. Hepatic and splenic Houns?eld unit

  18. 80 units of core courses 70 units of core courses 70 units of core courses 80 units of core courses Semester 1 Semester 1 Semester 1 Semester 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fleming, Andrew J.

    80 units of core courses 70 units of core courses 70 units of core courses 80 units of core courses Semester 1 Semester 1 Semester 1 Semester 1 ARBE1303 10 units ARBE2101 10 units ARBE3100 10 units ARBE4101 10 units Introduction to the Construction Industry Construction Ecology 2 Construction Technology 3

  19. Energy Management in Olefins Units 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wells, T. A.

    1982-01-01

    to the point where waste heat from pyrolysis generates more than enough steam to power the olefins unit recovery section. Furthermore, incorporating gas turbine driven electrical generators or process compressors adds to the utility export potential of the unit...

  20. UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tolkova, Elena

    UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE Carlos M. Gutierrez Secretary NATIONAL OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC in a modeled tsunami caused by each of 804 unit earthquakes (tsunami sources) in the Pacific and 194

  1. Energy Exchange Continuing Education Units

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    International Association for Continuing Education and Training (IACET) continuing education units (CEUs) will be available for designated training sessions.

  2. Entanglement Storage Units

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. Caneva; T. Calarco; S. Montangero

    2012-09-27

    We introduce a protocol based on optimal control to drive many body quantum systems into long-lived entangled states, protected from decoherence by big energy gaps, without requiring any apriori knowledge of the system. With this approach it is possible to implement scalable entanglement-storage units. We test the protocol in the Lipkin-Meshkov-Glick model, a prototype many-body quantum system that describes different experimental setups, and in the ordered Ising chain, a model representing a possible implementation of a quantum bus.

  3. Unite2 States Government

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal Gas &SCE-SessionsSouth DakotaRobbins and700, 1. .&. ' , c 1afr+39J t% (3740~ - Unite2

  4. l UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal Gas &SCE-SessionsSouth DakotaRobbins and700, 1. .&. ' , cMarchW W e e luse-_ ._UNITED

  5. United States Government

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal Gas &SCE-SessionsSouthReport for the WeldonB10081278 United States Government Department

  6. United States Government

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal Gas &SCE-SessionsSouthReport for the WeldonB10081278 United States Government

  7. United States Government

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal Gas &SCE-SessionsSouthReport for the WeldonB10081278 United States Government. v-w. ' ;H;

  8. United States Government

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal Gas &SCE-SessionsSouthReport for the WeldonB10081278 United States Government. v-w. '

  9. United States Government DATE:

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal Gas &SCE-SessionsSouthReport for the WeldonB10081278 United States Government. v-w.

  10. Uniter+ States Government

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal Gas &SCE-SessionsSouthReport for the WeldonB10081278 United States Government.EP AEFG

  11. UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effectWorking With WIPP UPDATE:Administrationfollowing tableUNITED STATES-ANSWER

  12. FISHERY STATISTICS E UNITED STATES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    SH 11 .A443X FISH FISHERY STATISTICS E UNITED STATES ^ 1951 &ch 3. \\§^ ^/'· m:^ STATISTICAL DIGEST. Farley, Director Statistical Digest 30 FISHERY STATISTICS OF THE UNITED STATES 1951 BY A. W. ANDERSON;Fishery Statistics of the United States and Alaska are compiled and published annually to make available

  13. United States Department of Agriculture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gray, Matthew

    United States Department of Agriculture Keys to Soil Taxonomy Ninth Edition, 2003 #12;#12;Keys to Soil Taxonomy By Soil Survey Staff United States Department of Agriculture Natural Resources Conservation Service Ninth Edition, 2003 #12;The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) prohibits

  14. B. Joseph Guglielmo, EDUCATION UNIT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Soloveichik, David

    AND ADVISORY UNITS ADMINISTRATIVE UNITS Dean's Office Management Staff Susan Abby, executive assistant Pharmaceutical Services, UCSF Medical Center Daniel Wandres, PharmD, associate dean; vice chair, DepartmentD, chair Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences James Wells, PhD, chair ORGANIZED RESEARCH UNIT Molecular

  15. Notice Type: Presolicitation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    : 334 -- Computer and Electronic Product Manufacturing/334515 -- Instrument Manufacturing for Measuring-SMU and 1 each Ultra-Fast I-V Module P/N: 4225-PMU. (Microsoft IE required). Additional specifications

  16. Rooftop package unit diagnostician

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Chassin, David P [Pasco, WA; Pratt, Robert G [Kennewick, WA; Reid, Larry Dean [Benton City, WA

    2004-08-17

    A diagnostic system for an HVAC system includes a number of sensors used to measure the operation of the HVAC system. Sensor readings are measured by timing the delay between when a strobe signal is sent to a sensor and when an interrupt signal from the sensor is received. A device driver used to measure the sensor readings stores the sensor readings in pseudo-character device files, which are universally accessible by different subsystems of the diagnostic system. Based on the readings from these sensors, this diagnostic system is able to determine the operational status of the HVAC system and if an economizer in the HVAC system is operating properly.

  17. Catalog Year: 2014 Fall Quarter Units Winter Quarter Units Spring Quarter Units

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    THIRD YEAR FOURTH YEAR ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING To earn a B.S., you must complete all CollegeCatalog Year: 2014 Fall Quarter Units Winter Quarter Units Spring Quarter Units CS 010* 4 CS 013 4 Linear Methodsfor Engr. Analysis ENGL 001A 4 MATH 009B 4 MATH 009C 4 Beginning Composition First Year

  18. TREE TRAILS Tree measurement is fundamental to the practice of forestry. Foresters count trees and measure trees.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ) select and use appropriate units and formulas to measure length, perimeter, area, and volume. Science: 5 standard units of measure. Point out that not all of the display measuring instruments have the same1 TREE TRAILS Tree measurement is fundamental to the practice of forestry. Foresters count trees

  19. " Million U.S. Housing Units"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Housing Unit Characteristics by Year of Construction, 2005" " Million U.S. Housing Units" ,,"Year of Construction" ,"Housing Units (millions)" ,,"Before 1940","1940 to 1949","1950...

  20. Unsuspected Pulmonary Embolism in Observation Unit Patients

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Limkakeng, Alexander T.; Glickman, Seth W; Cairns, Charles B; Chandra, Abhinav

    2009-01-01

    department observation unit. Emerg Med Clin North Am. 2001;ED) managed acute care unit on ED overcrowding and emergencyof a chest pain observation unit compared with routine care.

  1. Mexico-United States Migration: Health Issues

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zuniga, Elena; Wallace, Steven P.; Berumen, Salvador; Castaneda, Xotichl; al., et

    2005-01-01

    Americans. Mexico-United States Migration • Health issuesMexico-United States Migration Health Issues © ConsejoMéxico D. F. Mexico-United States Migration Health Issues

  2. Synchronous Phasor-like Measurements

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kirkham, Harold; Dagle, Jeffery E.

    2014-02-14

    Phasor measurement units struggle to make acceptable estimates of frequency and rate of change of frequency. The most important cause of the problem is that the quantity being measured is not actually a phasor. The paper substitutes a different equation for the phasor equatin, and obtains its solution by curve-fitting.

  3. United States Deparirnenl of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    differencebe- tween predicted and measured loadings signifi- cantly different from zero. For the forest types do not pro- duce as much residue as older stands, but amounts generated and values at risk usually. But stands left untreated or inade- quately treated could be lost to wild- fire or pests. The forest manager

  4. Measurement Errors and Outliers in Seasonal Unit Root Testing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haldrup, Niels Prof.; Montanes, Antonio; Sansó, Andreu

    2000-01-01

    hi4Li|iThiti? UiLu|itiL|*iht? Lh_ih|LU@hh)L|@ThLTih? uihi?i|ih4? i|i TLttM*ii t|i? UiLu|itiL|*ihtci@}@? @TT*)|i t|@|t|hi@|ih_i|@* ? |ihT@Tihc|itiL|*iht@hihi*@|i_|L|iTihL_Luih)

  5. Bacterial Abundance Measure bacterial numbers and mass per unit volume.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vallino, Joseph J.

    at all). Basic method: · Aseptically collect and filter water onto sterile filter. · Place filter-methylene blue dye) · Incubate filter at 40ºC (or higher) · Count colonies to determine colonies/100 ml water EPA for isolation or water testing, such as coliform test. 9 ml 100 #12;Dilution Plate Calculations N: Number

  6. Automatic Continuous Commissioning of Measurement Instruments in Air Handling Units 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xiao, F.; Wang, S.

    2006-01-01

    -statistic and the Q-contribution plot. The fault isolation ability against typical component faults is improved using knowledge-based analysis. A novel condition-based adaptive scheme is developed to update the PCA models with the operation conditions for continuous...

  7. A Two-Stage Kalman Filter Approach for Robust and Real-Time Power System State Estimation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhang, Jinghe; Welch, Greg; Bishop, Gary; Huang, Zhenyu

    2014-04-01

    As electricity demand continues to grow and renewable energy increases its penetration in the power grid, realtime state estimation becomes essential for system monitoring and control. Recent development in phasor technology makes it possible with high-speed time-synchronized data provided by Phasor Measurement Units (PMU). In this paper we present a two-stage Kalman filter approach to estimate the static state of voltage magnitudes and phase angles, as well as the dynamic state of generator rotor angles and speeds. Kalman filters achieve optimal performance only when the system noise characteristics have known statistical properties (zero-mean, Gaussian, and spectrally white). However in practice the process and measurement noise models are usually difficult to obtain. Thus we have developed the Adaptive Kalman Filter with Inflatable Noise Variances (AKF with InNoVa), an algorithm that can efficiently identify and reduce the impact of incorrect system modeling and/or erroneous measurements. In stage one, we estimate the static state from raw PMU measurements using the AKF with InNoVa; then in stage two, the estimated static state is fed into an extended Kalman filter to estimate the dynamic state. Simulations demonstrate its robustness to sudden changes of system dynamics and erroneous measurements.

  8. United Nations TD/B/WP/203 United Nations Conference

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    country DFQF duty-free and quota-free DITC Division on International Trade in Goods and ServicesUnited Nations TD/B/WP/203 United Nations Conference on Trade and Development Distr.: General 31 July 2008 Original: English GE.08- Trade and Development Board Working Party on the Medium-term Plan

  9. Hydromechanical modeling of pulse tests that measure both fluid pressure and fracture-normal displacement of the Coaraze Laboratory site, France

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cappa, F.; Guglielmi, Y.; Rutqvist, J.; Tsang, C-F.; Thoraval, A.

    2006-01-01

    hydraulic-pulse-test and hydromechanical measurements are carried out in a shallow fractured rock unit,

  10. On the Impact of PMU Placement on Observability and Cross-Validation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kurose, Jim

    estimators for system monitoring, and the reliable integration of renewable energy resources [1]. An electric the number of observed buses under this new constraint. Motivated by their high complexity, for each problem and/or a fee. e-Energy 2012, May 9-11 2012, Madrid, Spain. Copyright 2012 ACM 978

  11. Comments on: Sandia's Energy & Climate PMU to Participate in July 8th

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11

  12. Development of Early Warning Systems (PMU/WAMS) (Smart Grid Project) | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTIONRobertsdale, Alabama (UtilityInstrumentsArea (DOE GTP) Jump to: navigation,System Geothermal

  13. Sandia Energy - Sandia's Energy & Climate PMU to Participate in July

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservation of Fe(II)Geothermal EnergyRenewableCompaniesMODE, and8th National Lab Day on

  14. United States Government

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effectWorking With WIPPfinalUnexpected Angular Dependence ofMeasuresPrincetonSciTech

  15. Topology Detection in Microgrids with Micro-Synchrophasors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arghandeh, Reza; von Meier, Alexandra; Cavraro, Guido; Ruh, Monika; Andersson, Göran

    2015-01-01

    Network topology in distribution networks is often unknown, because most switches are not equipped with measurement devices and communication links. However, knowledge about the actual topology is critical for safe and reliable grid operation. This paper proposes a voting-based topology detection method based on micro-synchrophasor measurements. The minimal difference between measured and calculated voltage angle or voltage magnitude, respectively, indicates the actual topology. Micro-synchrophasors or micro-Phasor Measurement Units ({\\mu}PMU) are high-precision devices that can measure voltage angle differences on the order of ten millidegrees. This accuracy is important for distribution networks due to the smaller angle differences as compared to transmission networks. For this paper, a microgrid test bed is implemented in MATLAB with simulated measurements from {\\mu}PMUs as well as SCADA measurement devices. The results show that topologies can be detected with high accuracy. Additionally, topology detecti...

  16. In situ measurement system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Lord, D.E.

    1980-11-24

    A multipurpose in situ underground measurement system comprising a plurality of long electrical resistance elements in the form of rigid reinforcing bars, each having an open loop hairpin configuration of shorter length than the other resistance elements. The resistance elements are arranged in pairs in a unitized structure, and grouted in place in the underground volume. Measurement means are provided for obtaining for each pair the electrical resistance of each element and the difference in electrical resistance of the paired elements, which difference values may be used in analytical methods involving resistance as a function of temperature. A scanner means sequentially connects the resistance-measuring apparatus to each individual pair of elements. A source of heating current is also selectively connectable for heating the elements to an initial predetermined temperature prior to electrical resistance measurements when used as an anemometer.

  17. Smart Grid Data Integrity Attack

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Poolla, Kameshwar

    2012-01-01

    Observability with Minimal PMU Placement,” IEEE Transactions447478 , 2002. [39] H. Wu, “PMU Impact on State Estimation20] also investigate optimal PMU placement problems. Their

  18. Advanced Unit Commitment Strategies in the United States Eastern Interconnection

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Meibom, P.; Larsen, H. V.; Barth, R.; Brand, H.; Tuohy, A.; Ela, E.

    2011-08-01

    This project sought to evaluate the impacts of high wind penetrations on the U.S. Eastern Interconnection and analyze how different unit commitment strategies may affect these impacts.

  19. Evaluation of methods for measuring relative permeability of...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Dept.; Howarth, S.M. Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States) 05 NUCLEAR FUELS; WIPP; RESERVOIR ROCK; ANHYDRITE; PERMEABILITY; MEASURING METHODS; SITE...

  20. Zeroing and testing units developed for Gerdien atmospheric ion detectors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kolarz, P.; Marinkovic, B.P.; Filipovic, D.M.

    2005-04-01

    Low current measurements in atmospheric ion detection using a Gerdien condenser are subjected to numerous sources of error. Zeroing and testing units described in this article, connected as modules to this type of detector, enable some of these errors to be found and eliminated. The zeroing unit provides digital compensation of the zero drift with a digital sample and hold circuit of 12-bit resolution. It overcomes difficulties related to zero drift and techniques used in the zero conductivity determination when the accelerating potential or airflow rate are zero. The testing unit is a current reference of nominally 10{sup -12} A intended for testing and correcting the system on current leakage and other measuring deviations due to changes in atmospheric parameters. This unit is an independent battery-powered module, which provides a charge of 10{sup -12} C per cycle (frequency of order 1 Hz) to the collecting electrode. The control of Gerdien devices is substantially simplified using the zeroing and testing units realized here. Both units are used during 'zero conductivity' regime only.

  1. Viscosity Measurement G.E. Leblanc

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kostic, Milivoje M.

    30 Viscosity Measurement G.E. Leblanc McMaster University R.A. Secco The University of Western and Non-Newtonian Fluids l Dimensions and Units of Viscosity l Viscometer Types l Capillary M. Kostic must be supplied (1) to create viscous flow units by breaking bonds between atoms and molecules, and (2

  2. THE STRUCTURE OF UNIT GROUPS DANIEL KLINE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    May, J. Peter

    THE STRUCTURE OF UNIT GROUPS DANIEL KLINE Abstract. Since the time of ancient Greece and India are significant, because they correspond to the units of the rings Z[ d]. Along with prime numbers, units's Unit Theorem establishes the structure of the units of a number field as a finite abelian group

  3. Propositional Logic Unit code: MATH20302

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sidorov, Nikita

    MATH20302 Propositional Logic Unit code: MATH20302 Credit Rating: 10 Unit level: Level 2 Teaching period(s): Semester 2 Offered by School of Mathematics Available as a free choice unit?: N Requisites None Aims The course unit unit aims to introduce the student to the idea of formalising arguments, both

  4. Unit II-5 Interpolation 1 Interpolation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Birkett, Stephen

    Unit II-5 Interpolation 1 Unit II-5 Interpolation Unit II-5 Interpolation 2 Interpolation outside the range of values of xi use extrapolation Unit II-5 Interpolation 3 Basic ideas · given: n+1 in tabular format Unit II-5 Interpolation 4 Basis functions · n basis functions 1, 2, ... , n can be used

  5. UNITED STATES ARMY HEALTH PROFESSIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McQuade, D. Tyler

    UNITED STATES ARMY HEALTH PROFESSIONS SCHOLARSHIP PROGRAM IN MEDICINE, DENTISTRY, VETERINARY MEDICINE, OPTOMETRY, CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY AND NURSE ANESTHESIA WHAT IS THE ARMY'S HEALTH PROFESSIONS care field. It's called the F. Edward Hebert Armed Forces Health Professions Scholarship Program (HPSP

  6. Reduction in Unit Steam Production 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gombos, R.

    2004-01-01

    In 2001 the company's Arch-Brandenburg facility faced increased steam costs due to high natural gas prices and decreased production due to shutdown of a process. The facility was challenged to reduce unit steam consumption to minimize the effects...

  7. United States Electricity Industry Primer

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The United States Electricity Industry Primer provides a high-level overview of the U.S. electricity supply chain, including generation, transmission, and distribution; markets and ownership structures, including utilities and regulatory agencies; and system reliability and vulnerabilities.

  8. Two unit selection singing synthesisers 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Skilling, Fiona

    2005-01-01

    Two speech synthesisers were adapted for singing synthesis using unit selection techniques provided by the Festival speech synthesis system. A limited domain approach was used by focussing on the pitch, duration and word ...

  9. Lunar magnetic field measurements with a cubesat

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garrick-Bethell, Ian

    We have developed a mission concept that uses 3-unit cubesats to perform new measurements of lunar magnetic fields, less than 100 meters above the Moon’s surface. The mission calls for sending the cubesats on impact ...

  10. Periodic Measurement of Advertising Effectiveness Using Multiple-Test-Period Geo Experiments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cortes, Corinna

    of ad effectiveness measurements across time. Additionally, the experimental units should rotate betweenPeriodic Measurement of Advertising Effectiveness Using Multiple-Test-Period Geo Experiments Jon experiments to the measurement of advertising effectiveness. One reason this method of measurement

  11. Unit  045 - Non-Spatial Database Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    045, CC in GIScience; Meyer, Thomas H.

    2000-01-01

    25 Unit 045 - Non-Spatial Database Models Core Curriculum -26 Unit 045 - Non-Spatial Database Models Core Curriculum -27 Unit 045 - Non-Spatial Database Models Core Curriculum -

  12. UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rathbun, Julie A.

    UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR GEOLOGICAL SURVEY INTERAGENCY REPORT: ASTROGEOLOGY 26 · · · · · · · 0 · · · · · 4b. Skeletonized exploration of geologic units · o · · · · · · · · · · · · · . . . iii by a sequence of congealed basaltic lava flows, partly covered by surficial debris. The bedrock units exposed

  13. LCS Recording Request Form Unit Details Unit coordinator: Support Staff requiring staff tool access

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    LCS Recording Request Form Unit Details Unit coordinator: Support Staff requiring staff tool access Unit Name: Email address: Staff Number/s: Unit code: Phone no: Teaching Period: Staff number: Recording

  14. Opcode counting for performance measurement

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gara, Alan; Satterfield, David L; Walkup, Robert E

    2013-10-29

    Methods, systems and computer program products are disclosed for measuring a performance of a program running on a processing unit of a processing system. In one embodiment, the method comprises informing a logic unit of each instruction in the program that is executed by the processing unit, assigning a weight to each instruction, assigning the instructions to a plurality of groups, and analyzing the plurality of groups to measure one or more metrics. In one embodiment, each instruction includes an operating code portion, and the assigning includes assigning the instructions to the groups based on the operating code portions of the instructions. In an embodiment, each type of instruction is assigned to a respective one of the plurality of groups. These groups may be combined into a plurality of sets of the groups.

  15. " Million U.S. Housing Units"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    2 Living Space Characteristics by Year of Construction, 2005" " Million U.S. Housing Units" ,,"Year of Construction" ,"Housing Units (millions)" ,,"Before 1940","1940 to...

  16. " Million U.S. Housing Units"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    5 Space Heating Usage Indicators by Year of Construction, 2005" " Million U.S. Housing Units" ,,"Year of Construction" ,"Housing Units (millions)" ,,"Before 1940","1940 to...

  17. " Million U.S. Housing Units"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Space Heating Characteristics by Year of Construction, 2005" " Million U.S. Housing Units" ,,"Year of Construction" ,"Housing Units (millions)" ,,"Before 1940","1940 to 1949","1950...

  18. " Million U.S. Housing Units"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    0 Home Appliances Usage Indicators by Year of Construction, 2005" " Million U.S. Housing Units" ,,"Year of Construction" ,"Housing Units (millions)" ,,"Before 1940","1940 to...

  19. Unit Conversions and Formulas to Know

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    rroames

    2007-12-06

    Math 139. Unit Conversions and Formulas to Memorize. Fall 2007. Unit Conversions to know: 1 foot = 12 inches. 1 centimeter = 10 millimeters. 1 yard = 3 feet.

  20. United Biofuels Private Limited | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    United Biofuels Private Limited Jump to: navigation, search Name: United Biofuels Private Limited Place: Tamil Nadu, India Sector: Biomass Product: India-based owner and operator...

  1. United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    record production and exports levels. · Strong housing construction in the United States drove demand, and for some products, pre-transition levels were attained. · Consumption of wood energy in the EU/EFTA rose to a record level in 2002, leading panel and pulp manufacturers to express concern about competition

  2. Precision measurements of the Planck and Avogadro constants

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bettin, Horst; Man, John; Mana, Giovanni; Massa, Enrico; Picard, Alain

    2013-01-01

    Precision measurements of the fundamental constants are tour de force of basic metrology, where the useful information is usually beyond the last digit of the measured value. They challenge theoretical models and measurement technologies and set a network of measurement equations on which a universal system of units can be built, which stems from the most basic concepts of physics. Because of their connection with the mass unit, the Avogadro and Planck constants are on the spotlight.

  3. Mathematics Education Unit code: MATH30002

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sidorov, Nikita

    MATH30002 Mathematics Education Unit code: MATH30002 Credit Rating: 10 Unit level: Level 3 Teaching period(s): Semester 2 Offered by School of Mathematics Available as a free choice unit?: N Requisites None Aims The programme unit introduces theories of learning in the context of mathematics. Through

  4. Non-Unit Faculty Effective Date

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hua, Kien A.

    SUBJECT: Non-Unit Faculty Evaluation Effective Date: 05-18-11 Policy Number: 4-500.1 Supersedes: 4 Adoption: 03-30-05 APPLICABILITY/ACCOUNTABILITY: This policy is applicable to all units and departments that employ non-unit faculty employees in regular positions. POLICY STATEMENT: Non-unit faculty members

  5. NIST Special Publication 1181 Unit Pricing Guide

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    NIST Special Publication 1181 Unit Pricing Guide "A Best Practice Approach to Unit Pricing" Product Identity and Size Retail Price Unit Price Miscellaneous Information (Retailer Specific) Editor David Sefcik #12;THIS PAGE INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK #12;NIST Special Publication 1181 Unit Pricing Guide "A Best

  6. Fluid Mechanics Unit code: MATH20502

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sidorov, Nikita

    MATH20502 Fluid Mechanics Unit code: MATH20502 Credit Rating: 10 Unit level: Level 2 Teaching period(s): Semester 2 Offered by School of Mathematics Available as a free choice unit?: N Requisites None Overview The primary aim of this course unit is to provide students with a first introduction

  7. Faculty Search Approval Process Unit Leader's Guide

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hill, Jeffrey E.

    Faculty Search Approval Process Unit Leader's Guide This document is intended to guide unit leaders-renewal or dismissal Process: As a policy, these positions will be retained in the unit for priority needs. Requests: Reassigned to administration Transfer to another unit Resignation not related to counsel out Retirement Death

  8. FISHERY STATISTICS OF THE UNITED STATES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Div,, . FISHERY STATISTICS OF THE UNITED STATES 1961 STATISTICAL DIGEST NO. 54 UNITED STATES, Donald L. MeKernan, Director STATISTICAL DIGEST 54 FISHERY STATISTICS OF THE UNITED STATES 1961 BY E. A, Washington, D.C. 20402 - Price $2 (paper cover) #12;Fishery statistics of the United States are compiled

  9. FISHERY STATISTICS OF THE UNITED STATES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    FISHERY STATISTICS OF THE UNITED STATES 1945 STATISTICAL DIGEST NO, 18 United States Dejtartment. Krug, Secretary FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE Albert M. Day, Director Statistical Digest 18 FISHERY STATISTICS OF THE UNITED STATES 1945 BY A. W. ANDERSON and E. A. POWER UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT PRINTING

  10. Contingencies 2 Unit code: MATH39522

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sidorov, Nikita

    MATH39522 Contingencies 2 Unit code: MATH39522 Credit Rating: 10 Unit level: Level 3 Teaching upon survival, death and other uncertain factors. Overview This unit is a continuation of MATH20962 period(s): Semester 2 Offered by School of Mathematics Available as a free choice unit?: N Requisites

  11. Markov Processes Unit code: MATH37012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sidorov, Nikita

    MATH37012 Markov Processes Unit code: MATH37012 Credit Rating: 10 Unit level: Level 3 Teaching period(s): Semester 2 Offered by School of Mathematics Available as a free choice unit?: N Requisites course unit information #12; Other - 20% Written exam - 80% Assessment Further Information Coursework

  12. ABPDU - Advanced Biofuels Process Demonstration Unit

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2011-01-01

    Lawrence Berkeley National Lab opened its Advanced Biofuels Process Demonstration Unit on Aug. 18, 2011.

  13. November 22, 2013 Dear NIST Measurement Services Customer,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    standards ­ realizations of the International System of Units (SI) - for the basic measurement quantitiesNovember 22, 2013 Dear NIST Measurement Services Customer, The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), U.S. Department of Commerce, is the agency of the United States Federal Government

  14. PLANNING UNIT March 18, 2009

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prasad, Sanjiva

    PLANNING UNIT March 18, 2009 Advertisement for IREDA Renewable Energy Chair in the Institute acclaimed credentials to its Chair positions. IREDA Renewable Energy Chair was established in the year 1997. The objectives of IREDA Renewable Energy Chair include Research and Development, upgradation of technology

  15. Finance Support Unit Process: Receipts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Su, Xiao

    Finance Support Unit Process: Receipts Module: CFS Receipts Overview This business process guide are required to be performed in CFS for purchase orders of itemized goods, printing orders, and Public Works. Commodity and service blanket purchase orders do not require a receipt to be entered in CFS; instead

  16. Athena SWAN Equality Challenge Unit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 Athena SWAN Equality Challenge Unit Queen's House 55-56 Lincoln's Inn Fields London WC2A 3LJ 29th for excellence in every aspect of their roles. Good employment practices and commitment to equality are key and supported by the department, to review our current position and establish immediate actions to be taken

  17. United States Department of Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , is composed of representatives from the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), Nuclear Regulatory Commission at Publicly Owned Treatment Works Developed by the Sewage Sludge Subcommittee United States Nuclear Regulatory associated with this project: Lee Abramson, NRC/Office of Nuclear Regulatory Research Kevin Aiello, Middlesex

  18. Anthropogenic and Natural Emissions of Mercury (Hg) in the northeastern United Jeffrey MacAdam Sigler

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Xuhui

    Abstract Anthropogenic and Natural Emissions of Mercury (Hg) in the northeastern United States impact may depend on the emission rate. Anthropogenic Hg emissions in the United States are poorly characterized. Natural Hg emissions are poorly understood worldwide, due to lack of data or measurement systems

  19. The PAMELA Storage and Control Unit M. Casolino a,*, F. Altamura a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Morselli, Aldo

    The PAMELA Storage and Control Unit M. Casolino a,*, F. Altamura a , A. Basili a , M.P. De Pascale Galaxy in the form of high energy particles; in the same time it will measure the galactic, solar of the instrument ­ including data storage ­ are handled by the PAMELA Storage and Control Unit (PSCU), which

  20. A mathematical model for measurement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Akitaka Kishimoto

    2015-06-15

    We will give a new model for measurements of a quantum system such that the measuring apparatuses are described by a unital separable non-type I nuclear simple C$^*$-algebra equipped with certain unital endomorphisms and pure states. An interaction between the quantum system and the apparatus is specified by a unitary associated with the combined system as before. Magnifying to the classical level some aspects of the quantum system so captured in the apparatus is explicitly done by applying the endomorphism; then the resulting state is the superposition of {\\em phases} with weights. Nature will then choose each phase according to the probability prescribed by the weights just as does one when multiple phases appear as in phase transition. Thus in our model state-reduction (or collapse of the wave function) is a primary event; whether this corresponds to the measurement of an observable or which one if it does is another matter.

  1. Waste management units - Savannah River Site

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1989-10-01

    This report is a compilation of worksheets from the waste management units of Savannah River Plant. Information is presented on the following: Solid Waste Management Units having received hazardous waste or hazardous constituents with a known release to the environment; Solid Waste Management Units having received hazardous waste or hazardous constituents with no known release to the environment; Solid Waste Management Units having received no hazardous waste or hazardous constituents; Waste Management Units having received source; and special nuclear, or byproduct material only.

  2. A comparison of techniques for on-line monitoring of unit heat rate of coal fired units

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sarunac, N.; Levy, E. (Lehigh Univ., Bethlehem, PA (USA). Energy Research Center); Williams, S.; Cramer, D. (Potomac Electric Power Co. (US)); Leyse, R. (Electric Power Research Inst., Palo Alto, CA (USA))

    1990-01-01

    The input/output method is one of the most commonly used approaches for measuring unit performance, but it is rarely used on-line because of difficulties in accurate on-line measurement of coal heating value and flow rate. Two other techniques for monitoring unit heat rate are much more suitable for on-line application. One of these, the boiler turbine cycle efficiency. The output/loss method utilizes information on turbine cycle performance along with measurements of stack gas flow rate, unburned carbon and other commonly available information such as O{sub 2} levels, gas and air temperatures and gross and auxiliary power. This paper provides a summary of the three techniques, describes their characteristics, gives instrumentation requirements and compares accuracies. Guidelines on the applications for which each technique should be considered are also given.

  3. Network of Spaces and Interaction-Related Behaviors in Adult Intensive Care Units

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rashid, Mahbub; Boyle, Diane K.; Crosser, Michael

    2014-12-01

    Using three spatial network measures of “space syntax”, this correlational study describes four interaction-related behaviors among three groups of users in relation to visibility and accessibility of spaces in four adult intensive care units (ICUs...

  4. The Geography of Trade and Technology Shocks in the United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Autor, David H.

    This paper explores the geographic overlap of trade and technology shocks across local labor markets in the United States. Regional exposure to technological change, as measured by specialization in routine task-intensive ...

  5. LETTER Communicated by Emilio Salinas Assessing Neuronal Coherence with Single-Unit, Multi-Unit,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gielen, C.C.A.M.

    LETTER Communicated by Emilio Salinas Assessing Neuronal Coherence with Single-Unit, Multi-Unit the correlated input and multi-unit activity increases proportionally with the square root of the number of neurons in the multi-unit recording. The coherence between two typical multi-unit recordings (2 to 10

  6. Understanding "In-Unit" vs. "Out-of-Unit", Unions and Collective Bargaining at USF

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meyers, Steven D.

    Understanding "In-Unit" vs. "Out-of-Unit", Unions and Collective Bargaining at USF Every job at USF is classified as either "in-unit" (part of a "bargaining unit" and therefore covered by a Collective Bargaining Agreement or CBA) or "out-of-unit" (not covered by a CBA). USF has four (4) unions which represent all

  7. Choosing optional units in SAMIS 1. Accessing the unit selection screens

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burton, Geoffrey R.

    Choosing optional units in SAMIS 1 of 6 1. Accessing the unit selection screens Log in to SAMIS/View compulsory modules' link to access the unit selection screens #12;Choosing optional units in SAMIS 2 of 6 2 compulsory units which have been added to your records automatically Groups of modules from which you should

  8. Unit Computation in Purely Cubic Function Fields of Unit Rank 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scheidler, Renate

    Unit Computation in Purely Cubic Function Fields of Unit Rank 1 Renate Scheidler .1 and Andreas for computing the fundamen- tal unit and regulator of a purely cubic congruence function field of unit rank 1 cubic lattice which is used for calculating the fundamental unit and regulator of a purely cubic number

  9. Measurement techniques

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Willis, W.L.

    1980-10-01

    The discussion will be restricted to measurements of voltage and current. Also, although the measurements themselves should be as quantitative as possible, the discussion is rather nonquantitative. Emphasis is on types of instruments, how they may be used, and the inherent advantages and limitations of a given technique. A great deal of information can be obtained from good, clean voltage and current data. Power and impedance are obviously inherent if the proper time relationships are preserved. Often an associated, difficult-to-determine, physical event can be evaluated from the V-I data, such as a time-varying load characteristic, or the time of light emission, etc. The lack of active high voltage devices, such as 50-kV operational amplifiers, restricts measurement devices to passive elements, primarily R and C. There are a few more exotic techniques that are still passive in nature. There are several well-developed techniques for voltage measurements. These include: spark gaps; electrostatic meters; capacitive dividers; mixed RC dividers; and the electro-optic effect. Current is measured by either direct measurement of charge flow or by measuring the resulting magnetic field.

  10. IE 361 Lab#1/ 1st Measurement Study _____________________

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vardeman, Stephen B.

    respectively). What are the units? Report these figures to one more decimal place than you measured individual1 IE 361 Lab#1/ 1st Measurement Study _____________________ (Name) Before making each measurement, close the jaws of the caliper and reset the "zero" on the dial. - First, measure "the size" of each foam

  11. Measurement Challenges and Metrology for Monitoring CO2 Emissions from Smokestacks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Measurement Challenges and Metrology for Monitoring CO2 Emissions from Smokestacks NIST with an instrument that has the highest level of precision. The smaller the unit, or fraction of a unit

  12. New objective distance measures for spectral discontinuities in concatenative speech synthesis 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vepa, Jithendra; King, Simon; Taylor, Paul

    The quality of unit selection based concatenative speech synthesis mainly depends on how well two successive units can be joined together to minimise the audible discontinuities. The objective measure of discontinuity used ...

  13. Total U.S. Housing Units.................................

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Million U.S. Housing Units Table HC5.5 Space Heating Usage Indicators by Year of Construction, 2005 Year of Construction Housing Units (millions) Before 1940 1940 to 1949 1950...

  14. Meteorological database for the United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Apte, M.G.

    2011-01-01

    to Indoor Air Meteorological Database for the United StatesUC-402 Meteorological Database for the United States M.G.Abstract A meteorological database has been developed to aid

  15. UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rathbun, Julie A.

    UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR GEOLOGICAL SURVEY INTERAGENCY REPORT: 27 Documentation Figure 2 . Map of major geologic features in Apollo 14 traverse area . Origin of geol ogic units

  16. Onsite Wastewater Treatment Systems: Aerobic Treatment Unit 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lesikar, Bruce J.

    2008-10-31

    Aerobic units treat wastewater using the same process, only scaled down, as municipal wastewater treatment systems. This publication explains how aerobic units work, what their design requirements are, and how to maintain them....

  17. Join Cost for Unit Selection Speech Synthesis 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vepa, Jithendra

    Undoubtedly, state-of-the-art unit selection-based concatenative speech systems produce very high quality synthetic speech. this is due to a large speech database containing many instances of each speech unit, with a varied ...

  18. Conserve Energy: Modernize Your Solvent Deasphalting Unit 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lambert, J. S.; Gleitsmann, J. W.

    1983-01-01

    Deasphalting units provide high quality feedstocks for lube oil manufacture, fluid catalytic cracking, or hydrocracking, and can reduce the 'Bottom of the Barrel' by up to 90%. Older units built when energy was less expensive can be easily remodeled...

  19. Waste management units: Savannah River Site

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Molen, G.

    1991-09-01

    This report indexes every waste management unit of the Savannah River Site. They are indexed by building number and name. The waste units are also tabulated by solid waste units receiving hazardous materials with a known release or no known release to the environment. It also contains information on the sites which has received no hazardous waste, and units which have received source, nuclear, or byproduct material only. (MB)

  20. IVOA recommendation: Units in the VO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demleitner, Markus; Gray, Norman; Louys, Mireille; Ochsenbein, Francois

    2015-01-01

    This document describes a recommended syntax for writing the string representation of unit labels ("VOUnits"). In addition, it describes a set of recognised and deprecated units, which is as far as possible consistent with other relevant standards (BIPM, ISO/IEC and the IAU). The intention is that units written to conform to this specification will likely also be parsable by other well-known parsers. To this end, we include machine-readable grammars for other units syntaxes.

  1. Software Productivity Measurement Using Multiple Size Measures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bae, Doo-Hwan

    Software Productivity Measurement Using Multiple Size Measures Software Productivity MeasurementContents Introduction Background Related work Motivation Productivity measurement - Measurement model - Productivity measure construction - Productivity analysis Conclusion Discussion #12;Software Engineering Lab, KAIST 3

  2. Physics 1114: Unit 6 Homework Problem set 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mansell, Edward "Ted"

    Physics 1114: Unit 6 Homework Problem set 1 1. A rod 4.2 m long and 0.50 cm2 in cross. (a) Calculate the downward force (in N) of the atmosphere acting on the top of a table that measures in a hydraulic lift is 16 atm. What is the heaviest vehicle (kg) it can lift if the diameter of the output line

  3. The United Illuminating Company - Small ZREC Tariff | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankADVANCEDInstallers/ContractorsPhotovoltaicsState ofSavings for Specific Measures (April 2013) |The United

  4. Compact monolithic capacitive discharge unit

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Roesler, Alexander W. (Tijeras, NM); Vernon, George E. (Rio Rancho, NM); Hoke, Darren A. (Albuquerque, NM); De Marquis, Virginia K. (Tijeras, NM); Harris, Steven M. (Albuquerque, NM)

    2007-06-26

    A compact monolithic capacitive discharge unit (CDU) is disclosed in which a thyristor switch and a flyback charging circuit are both sandwiched about a ceramic energy storage capacitor. The result is a compact rugged assembly which provides a low-inductance current discharge path. The flyback charging circuit preferably includes a low-temperature co-fired ceramic transformer. The CDU can further include one or more ceramic substrates for enclosing the thyristor switch and for holding various passive components used in the flyback charging circuit. A load such as a detonator can also be attached directly to the CDU.

  5. United Energy | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EA EISTJThin Film SolarTown(LECBP)BioGenUnidym Inc JumpUnited

  6. United Illuminating | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EA EISTJThin Film SolarTown(LECBP)BioGenUnidym Inc JumpUnitedIlluminating

  7. United States Environmental Monitoring EPA

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal Gas &SCE-SessionsSouthReport for the WeldonB100 Ambrosia'1(DOE)F.EPA 60014-91/030United

  8. UNITED STATES ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effectWorking With WIPP UPDATE:Administrationfollowing tableUNITED STATES-

  9. United States Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirley Ann Jackson About1996HowFOAShowing YouNeedof EnergyMeeting -2-EE-T GlobalUnited States

  10. United States Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirley Ann Jackson About1996HowFOAShowing YouNeedof EnergyMeeting -2-EE-T GlobalUnited States In

  11. United States Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirley Ann Jackson About1996HowFOAShowing YouNeedof EnergyMeeting -2-EE-T GlobalUnited States

  12. United States Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirley Ann Jackson About1996HowFOAShowing YouNeedof EnergyMeeting -2-EE-T GlobalUnited Statesof:

  13. United States Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirley Ann Jackson About1996HowFOAShowing YouNeedof EnergyMeeting -2-EE-T GlobalUnited

  14. United States Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirley Ann Jackson About1996HowFOAShowing YouNeedof EnergyMeeting -2-EE-T GlobalUnitedTim Hadley

  15. United States Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirley Ann Jackson About1996HowFOAShowing YouNeedof EnergyMeeting -2-EE-T GlobalUnitedTim

  16. United States Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirley Ann Jackson About1996HowFOAShowing YouNeedof EnergyMeeting -2-EE-T GlobalUnitedTim Office

  17. United States Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirley Ann Jackson About1996HowFOAShowing YouNeedof EnergyMeeting -2-EE-T GlobalUnitedTim

  18. United States Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirley Ann Jackson About1996HowFOAShowing YouNeedof EnergyMeeting -2-EE-T GlobalUnitedTimKamil

  19. Conventional regression models Auto-generated units

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCullagh, Peter

    Conventional regression models Auto-generated units Consequences of auto-generation Arguments pro-generated units #12;Conventional regression models Auto-generated units Consequences of auto-generation Arguments pro and con Outline 1 Conventional regression models Gaussian models Binary regression model

  20. FISHERY STATISTICS OF THE UNITED STATES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    FISHERY STATISTICS OF THE UNITED STATES 1962 STATISTICAL DIGEST NO. 56 UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT Fisheries, Donald L. McKernan, Director STATISTICAL DIGEST 56 FISHERY STATISTICS OF THE UNITED STATES 1962.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402 - Price $2.25 (paper cover) #12;Fishery statistics

  1. FISHERY STATISTICS OF THE UNITED STATES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    FISHERY STATISTICS OF THE UNITED STATES I 1947 cf^^v'^ml STATISTICAL DIGEST NO. 21 Fish Oscar L. Chapman, Secretary FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE Albert M. Day, Director Statistical Digest 21 PI^j^IELW' , COHEN FISHERY STATISTICS OF THE UNITED STATES 1947 BY A. W. ANDERSON and E. A. POWER UNITED STATES

  2. FISHERY STATISTICS OF THE UNITED STATES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    FISHERY STATISTICS OF THE UNITED STATES 1959 ^mmi STATISTICAL DIGEST NO. 51 UNITED STATES DEPARTMl of Commercial Fisheries, Donald L. McKernan, Director jPANlELM COHEN FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE STATISTICAL DIGEST 51 FISHERY STATISTICS OF THE UNITED STATES 1959 BY E. A. POWER PUBLISHED BY BUREAU OF COMMERCIAL

  3. FISHERY STATISTICS OF THE UNITED STATES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    FISHERY STATISTICS OF THE UNITED STATES 1966 STATISTICAL DIGEST NO. 60 UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR U.S. FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE Bureau of Commercial Fisheries STATISTICAL DIGEST 60 FISHERY STATISTICS OF THE UNITED STATES 1966 BY Charles H. Lyles PUBLISHED BY BUREAU OF COMMERCIAL FISHERIES

  4. FISHERY STATISTICS OF THE UNITED STATES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    FISHERY STATISTICS OF THE UNITED STATES SH 11 A443X FISH 1948 STATISTICAL DIGEST NO. 22 Fish OF THE INTERIOR, Oscar L. Chapman, Secretary FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE, Albert M. Day, Director Statistical Digest 22 FISHERY STATISTICS OF THE UNITED STATES 1948 BY A. W. ANDERSON and E. A. POWER UNITED STATES

  5. FISHERY STATISTICS OF THE UNITED STATES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    FISHERY STATISTICS OF THE UNITED STATES 1946 STATISTICAL DIGEST NO, 19 Fish and Wildlike Sekvice L. Chapman, Secretary FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE Albert M. Day, Director Statistical Digest 19 FISHERY STATISTICS OF THE UNITED STATES 1946 BY A. W. ANDERSON and E. A. POWER UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT

  6. FISHERY STATISTICS OF THE UNITED STATES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    FISHERY STATISTICS OF THE UNITED STATES 1944 STATISTICAL DIGEST ISO. 16 Fish and Wildlife Sekvh Albert M. Day, Director Statistical Digest No. 16 FISHERY STATISTICS OF THE UNITED STATES 1944 BY A. W Statistics of the United States and Alaska are coiip i I ed and published annually to make available

  7. FISHERY STATISTICS OF THE UNITED STATES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    FISHERY STATISTICS OF THE UNITED STATES 1963 STATISTICAL DIGEST NO. 57 UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT of Commercial Fisheries, Donald L. McKernan, Director STATISTICAL DIGEST 57 FISHERY STATISTICS OF THE UNITEDTernment Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402 - Price $2.25 (paper c #12;Fishery statistics of the United States

  8. FISHERY STATISTICS OF THE UNITED STATES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    FISHERY STATISTICS OF THE UNITED STATES I 1952 .^£^ STATISTICAL DIGEST NO. 34 Fish and Wildlife McKay, Secretary FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE, John L. Farley, Director -iJ^EUW^ .COHEN Statistical Digest 34 FISHERY STATISTICS OF THE UNITED STATES 1952 BY A. W. ANDERSON and E. A. POWER UNITED STATES

  9. FISHERY STATISTICS F THE UNITED STATES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    FISHERY STATISTICS »F THE UNITED STATES ^ 1954 ,M^,. 'M' . ' J*"'',-,'i''' ' STATISTICAL DIGEST NO DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR, Fred A. Seaton, Secretary FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE PANIELM. COHEN Statistical Digest 39 FISHERY STATISTICS OF THE UNITED STATES 1954 BY A. W. ANDERSON and E. A. POWER UNITED STATES

  10. United States Patent [19] Payne et al.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shamos, Michael I.

    United States Patent [19] Payne et al. [54] NETWORK SALES SYSTEM [75] Inventors: Andrew C. Payne/10 2102606 2/1983 United Kingdom .............. G07F 7/10 IIIIII 1111~1111111~~111111~II Implementation"; An Internet Billing Server, pp. 1-19. no date. Payment Systems, "United States"; pp. 115

  11. UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rathbun, Julie A.

    UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR GEOLOGICAL SURVEY INTERAGENCY REPORT: ASTROGEOLOGY 66 of the moon-wide distribu- tion of relative ages of lunar plains units determined with Apollo and Lunar in a mappable unit that are eroded to a slope of 1 by the net accumulated flux of small impacts. New data show

  12. Continuum Mechanics Unit code: MATH45061

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sidorov, Nikita

    MATH45061 Continuum Mechanics Unit code: MATH45061 Credit Rating: 15 Unit level: Level 4 Teaching concerns the formulation and solution of problems in continuum mechanics (solid and fluid mechanics) from equations. Overview This unit describes the fundamental theory of continuum mechanics in a unified

  13. A Review of Unit Commitment Brittany Wright

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lavaei, Javad

    1 A Review of Unit Commitment ELENE4511 Brittany Wright May 28, 2013 #12;2 Table of Contents 1 ..............................................................................................................................................3 2. Unit Commitment is known as unit commitment. It is a large-scale optimization problem that determines the operating status

  14. ANNUAL REPORT 2012 UCL Migration Research Unit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Peter JS

    in research on migration in different contexts including Zimbabwe, Cameroon, Mexico, South Africa, CanadaANNUAL REPORT 2012 UCL Migration Research Unit Migration Research Unit UCL DEPARTMENT OF GEOGRAPHY #12;Co-Directors' Report The UCL Migration Research Unit (MRU) was first established by John Salt

  15. Wave Motion Unit code: MATH35012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sidorov, Nikita

    MATH35012 Wave Motion Unit code: MATH35012 Credit Rating: 10 Unit level: Level 3 Teaching period This course unit aims to elucidate some of the physical properties of important types of wave motion and their mathematical descriptions. Overview Wave motion occurs in the oceans, atmosphere and in the earth. Problems

  16. Commutative Algebra Unit code: MATH32012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sidorov, Nikita

    MATH32012 Commutative Algebra Unit code: MATH32012 Credit Rating: 10 Unit level: Level 3 Teaching Prerequisite MATH20212 - Algebraic Structures 2 (Compulsory) MATH20201 - Algebraic Structures 1 (Compulsory) Additional Requirements MATH32012 pre-requisites Aims The course unit will deepen and extend students

  17. Towards Effective Clustering Techniques for the Analysis of Electric Power Grids

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hogan, Emilie A.; Cotilla Sanchez, Jose E.; Halappanavar, Mahantesh; Wang, Shaobu; Mackey, Patrick S.; Hines, Paul; Huang, Zhenyu

    2013-11-30

    Clustering is an important data analysis technique with numerous applications in the analysis of electric power grids. Standard clustering techniques are oblivious to the rich structural and dynamic information available for power grids. Therefore, by exploiting the inherent topological and electrical structure in the power grid data, we propose new methods for clustering with applications to model reduction, locational marginal pricing, phasor measurement unit (PMU or synchrophasor) placement, and power system protection. We focus our attention on model reduction for analysis based on time-series information from synchrophasor measurement devices, and spectral techniques for clustering. By comparing different clustering techniques on two instances of realistic power grids we show that the solutions are related and therefore one could leverage that relationship for a computational advantage. Thus, by contrasting different clustering techniques we make a case for exploiting structure inherent in the data with implications for several domains including power systems.

  18. Measuring Radiation

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass map shines light on dark matter By SarahMODELING CLOUD1 H( 7Measurements ofMeasurement

  19. UNIT L-FUNCTIONS 1 Unit L-functions and a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Emerton, Matthew

    UNIT L-FUNCTIONS 1 Unit L-functions and a conjecture of Katz. By Matthew Emerton and Mark Kisin Let as a nowhere-zero analytic function on the p-adic open unit disk |T| !L) extends to a nowhere- zero function on the closed unit disc |T| 1. In particular this implies that the L

  20. Shared performance monitor in a multiprocessor system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Chiu, George; Gara, Alan G.; Salapura, Valentina

    2012-07-24

    A performance monitoring unit (PMU) and method for monitoring performance of events occurring in a multiprocessor system. The multiprocessor system comprises a plurality of processor devices units, each processor device for generating signals representing occurrences of events in the processor device, and, a single shared counter resource for performance monitoring. The performance monitor unit is shared by all processor cores in the multiprocessor system. The PMU comprises: a plurality of performance counters each for counting signals representing occurrences of events from one or more the plurality of processor units in the multiprocessor system; and, a plurality of input devices for receiving the event signals from one or more processor devices of the plurality of processor units, the plurality of input devices programmable to select event signals for receipt by one or more of the plurality of performance counters for counting, wherein the PMU is shared between multiple processing units, or within a group of processors in the multiprocessing system. The PMU is further programmed to monitor event signals issued from non-processor devices.

  1. Multi-terminal Subsystem Model Validation for Pacific DC Intertie

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yang, Bo; Huang, Zhenyu; Kosterev, Dmitry

    2008-07-20

    this paper proposes to validate dynamic model of Pacific DC Intertie with the concept of hybrid simulation by combing simulation with PMU measurements. The Playback function available in GE PSLF is adopted for hybrid simulation. It is demonstrated for the first time the feasibility of using Playback function on multi-terminal subsystem. Sensitivity studies are also presented as a result of common PMU measurement quality problem, ie, offset noise and time synchronization. Results indicate a good tolerance of PDCI model generally. It is recommended that requirements should apply to phasor measurements in model validation work to ensure better analysis. Key parameters are identified based on impact of value change to model behavior. Two events are employed for preliminary model validation with PMU measurements. Suggestions are made for PDCI model validation work in the future.

  2. Economic analysis of robotic torque measurement system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lembke, J.R.

    1991-07-01

    A cleanroom robot is being used to measure the torque characteristic of rotary solenoids, replacing a manual measurement procedure. The system can test two different part numbers and can distinguish between these parts without operator assistance. To make the system more cost-effective, several tests have been added to sequence. Bearing drag and coil resistance are measured, and the change in resistance due to coil heating is monitored. The insulation resistance between coil and housing is measured at 250 volts. The bar-coded serial number of each unit is read by passing the housing over a bar code wand. All information is used to generate a report for each unit tested, showing part number, serial number, measured data, and pass-fail notification. The system saves 0.114 standard hours per part compared to manual testing and generates a return on investment of over 20 percent. 2 refs., 4 figs.

  3. 16 unit limit All undergraduates are limited to 16 unit enrollment 6/4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Su, Xiao

    16 unit limit All undergraduates are limited to 16 unit enrollment 6/4 7/31. Graduating seniors may enroll in up to 18 units 8/1 8/11Graduating seniors may enroll in up to 18 units 8/18/11. Graduating Undergraduates = Excess Unit petitions for graduating seniors will be available 8/19/6. d d d d d

  4. Waste management units - Savannah River Site. Volume 1, Waste management unit worksheets

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1989-10-01

    This report is a compilation of worksheets from the waste management units of Savannah River Plant. Information is presented on the following: Solid Waste Management Units having received hazardous waste or hazardous constituents with a known release to the environment; Solid Waste Management Units having received hazardous waste or hazardous constituents with no known release to the environment; Solid Waste Management Units having received no hazardous waste or hazardous constituents; Waste Management Units having received source; and special nuclear, or byproduct material only.

  5. Overview of AREVA Logistics Business Unit Capabilities and Expertise...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AREVA Logistics Business Unit Capabilities and Expertise Overview of AREVA Logistics Business Unit Capabilities and Expertise Overview of AREVA Logistics Business Unit capabilities...

  6. Laboratory Air Handling Unit System 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cui, Y.; Liu, M.

    2001-01-01

    balance and moisture balance are given below for the entire building. iQ G26 + hQ G26 + hgQ G26 = rQ G26 + CQ G26 + eQ G26 + ehQ G26 + envQ G26 (1) Where Ge5 = = 2 1 , j jQQ G26 Ge5 = = 2 1 , j jQQ G26 Ge5 = = 2 1 , j jQQ G26 Ge5 = = 2 1 , j... jQQ G26 Ge5 = = 2 1 , j jQQ G26 Figure 1. Schematic diagram of air handling unit system for base system ehMMMM G26G26G26G26 ++= (2) Where Ge5 = = 2 1 , j jMM G26 Ge5 = = 2 1 , j jMM G26 ehWWWWWW G26G26G26G26...

  7. Measurement of \

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aguilar-Arevalo, A A; Bazarko, A O; Brice, S J; Brown, B C; Bugel, L; Cao, J; Coney, L; Conrad, J M; Cox, D C; Curioni, A; Djurcic, Z; Finley, D A; Fleming, B T; Ford, R; Garcia, F G; Garvey, G T; Gonzales, J; Grange, J; Green, C; Green, J A; Hart, T L; Hawker, E; Imlay, R; Johnson, R A; Karagiorgi, G; Kasper, P; Katori, T; Kobilarcik, T; Kourbanis, I; Koutsoliotas, S; Laird, E M; Linden, S K; Link, J M; Liu, Y; Louis, W C; Mahn, K B M; Marsh, W; Mauger, C; McGary, V T; McGregor, G; Metcalf, W; Meyers, P D; Mills, F; Mills, G B; Monroe, J; Moore, C D; Mousseau, J; Nelson, R H; Nienaber, P; Nowak, J A; Osmanov, B; Ouedraogo, S; Patterson, R B; Pavlovic, Z; Perevalov, D; Polly, C C; Prebys, E; Raaf, J L; Ray, H; Roe, B P; Russell, A D; Sandberg, V; Schirato, R; Schmitz, D; Shaevitz, M H; Shoemaker, F C; Smith, D; Soderberg, M; Sorel, M; Spentzouris, P; Spitz, J; Stancu, I; Stefanski, R J; Sung, M; Tanaka, H A; Tayloe, R; Tzanov, M; Van de Water, R G; Wascko, M O; White, D H; Wilking, M J; Yang, H J; Zeller, G P; Zimmerman, E D

    2009-01-01

    MiniBooNE reports the first absolute cross sections for neutral current single \\pi^0 production on CH_2 induced by neutrino and antineutrino interactions measured from the largest sets of NC \\pi^0 events collected to date. The principal result consists of differential cross sections measured as functions of \\pi^0 momentum and \\pi^0 angle averaged over the neutrino flux at MiniBooNE. We find total cross sections of (4.76+/-0.05_{stat}+/-0.40_{sys})*10^{-40} cm^2/nucleon at a mean energy of =808 MeV and (1.48+/-0.05_{stat}+/-0.14_{sys})*10^{-40} cm^2/nucleon at a mean energy of =664 MeV for \

  8. Status of the fluidized bed unit

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Williams, P.M.; Wade, J.F.

    1994-06-01

    Rocky Flats has a serious mixed waste problem. No technology or company has a license and available facilities to remedy this dilemma. One solution under study is to use a catalytic fluidized bed unit to destroy the combustible portion of the mixed waste. The fluidized bed thermal treatment program at Rocky Flats is building on knowledge gained over twenty years of successful development activity. The FBU has numerous technical advantages over other thermal technologies to treat Rocky Flats` mixed waste, the largest being the lower temperature (700{degrees}C versus 1000{degrees}C) which reduces acid corrosion and mechanical failures and obviates the need for ceramic lining. Successful demonstrations have taken place on bench, pilot, and full-scale tests using radioactive mixed wastes. The program is approaching implementation and licensing of a production-scale fluidized bed system for the safe treatment of mixed waste. The measure for success on this project is the ability to work closely with the community to jointly solve problems and respond to concerns of mixed waste treatment at Rocky Flats.

  9. EFM units monitor gas flow

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-02-01

    This paper describes the radio-controlled pipeline monitoring system established by Transcontinental Gas Pipe Line Corp. which was designed to equip all its natural gas purchasing metering facilities with electronic flow measurement computers. The paper describes the actual radio equipment used and the features and reliability of the equipment.

  10. Hydrologic Variability of Small, Northern Michigan Lakes Measured

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Notre Dame, University of

    different forms and units, they all require some measure of the input of water from the watershed. The hydraulic residence time is difficult to mea- sure directly and is usually inferred from other measurementsHydrologic Variability of Small, Northern Michigan Lakes Measured by the Addition of Tracers

  11. ARM - Measurements

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach HomeA Better Anode DesigngovCampaignsSpring SinglegovField CampaignsMidlatitudegovMeasurementsCloud

  12. ARM - Measurements

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Comments?govInstrumentsnoaacrnBarrow, Alaska Outreach Homepolarization ARMtotalgovMeasurementsVisibility

  13. ARM - Measurements

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Comments?govInstrumentsnoaacrnBarrow, Alaska Outreach HomepolarizationMeasurements Related Links RACORO Home AAF

  14. ARM - Measurements

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Comments?govInstrumentsnoaacrnBarrow, Alaska Outreach HomepolarizationMeasurements Related Links RACORO Home

  15. ARM - Measurements

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Comments?govInstrumentsnoaacrnBarrow, Alaska Outreach HomepolarizationMeasurements Related Links RACORO

  16. ARM - Measurements

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfateSciTechtail.Theory of rare Kaonforsupernovae2GatheringARMHistory and StatusgovMeasurements

  17. United States National Energy Technology Laboratory's (NETL)...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    United States National Energy Technology Laboratory's (NETL) Smart Grid Implementation Strategy Reference Library Website Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name:...

  18. Total U.S. Housing Units.............................

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Usage Indicators by Household Income, 2005 Space Heating Usage Indicators Below Poverty Line Eligible for Federal Assistance 1 Million U.S. Housing Units 2005 Household...

  19. United Power- Business Energy Efficiency Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    United Power, in conjunction with wholesale power supplier Tri-State Generation & Transmission (TSGT), offers rebates for the installation of a variety of commercial energy efficient equipment...

  20. Problems of intraplate extensional tectonics, Western United...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    the Great Basin Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Conference Proceedings: Problems of intraplate extensional tectonics, Western United States,...

  1. Overview of Integrated Waste Treatment Unit

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Environmental Management Integrated Waste Treatment Unit Overview Overview for the DOE High Level Waste Corporate Board March 5, 2009 safety performance cleanup closure...

  2. Portable brine evaporator unit, process, and system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hart, Paul John (Indiana, PA); Miller, Bruce G. (State College, PA); Wincek, Ronald T. (State College, PA); Decker, Glenn E. (Bellefonte, PA); Johnson, David K. (Port Matilda, PA)

    2009-04-07

    The present invention discloses a comprehensive, efficient, and cost effective portable evaporator unit, method, and system for the treatment of brine. The evaporator unit, method, and system require a pretreatment process that removes heavy metals, crude oil, and other contaminates in preparation for the evaporator unit. The pretreatment and the evaporator unit, method, and system process metals and brine at the site where they are generated (the well site). Thus, saving significant money to producers who can avoid present and future increases in transportation costs.

  3. Two Variants of Robust Unit Commitment Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-06-13

    [9] L. Zhao and B. Zeng, “Robust unit commitment problem with demand response and wind energy,” in Power and. Energy Society General Meeting, 2012 IEEE.

  4. Large-Scale Decentralized Unit Commitment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2014-05-05

    May 5, 2014 ... demand response unit without concentrating or communicating any data about actual appliance status within the homes. The future electricity ...

  5. Renewables Portfolio Standards in the United States

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Tracking the Sun VIII The Installed Price of Residential and Non-Residential Photovoltaic Systems in the United States Primary authors Galen Barbose and Nam Darghouth With...

  6. Evaluation of Energy Conservation Measures by Model Simulation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giebler, T.; Liu, M.; Claridge, D. E.

    1998-01-01

    Numerous energy conservation measures are being implemented into the air handler units of today's commercial buildings. The economizer cycle has proven potential, and has become increasingly more common. Work has also been done demonstrating...

  7. Popescu-Rohrlich correlations as a unit of nonlocality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jonathan Barrett; Stefano Pironio

    2006-10-13

    A set of nonlocal correlations that have come to be known as a PR box suggest themselves as a natural unit of nonlocality, much as a singlet is a natural unit of entanglement. We present two results relevant to this idea. One is that a wide class of multipartite correlations can be simulated using local operations on PR boxes only. We show this with an explicit scheme, which has the interesting feature that the number of PR boxes required is related to the computational resources necessary to represent a function defining the multipartite box. The second result is that there are quantum multipartite correlations, arising from measurements on a cluster state, that cannot be simulated with n PR boxes, for any n.

  8. ADAPTIVE CALIBRATION AND CONTROL OF CASCADE PROCESSES WITH UNKNOWN MEASUREMENT MODEL AND ACTUATOR DYNAMICS AND ITS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Perry Y.

    ADAPTIVE CALIBRATION AND CONTROL OF CASCADE PROCESSES WITH UNKNOWN MEASUREMENT MODEL AND ACTUATOR the material being processed goes through a sequence of processing units. The output of an upstream processing unit is fed into the input of the unit downstream. In many cases, the variables of interests are only

  9. Cross-cultural Gender Differences and Developmental Trends of Aggression-Victim-Bystander Constructs: Brazil, Jamaica, and United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Noland, Brian Joseph

    2008-08-15

    We evaluated the measurement equivalence of the Peer Experiences Questionnaire (PEQ) across samples from Brazil, Jamaica, and the United States and compared latent means of aggressive and bystander behaviors, victimization experiences...

  10. ‘Facing choices’: a mixed-methods approach to patients’ experience of care and discharge in an inpatient mental health unit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Strachan, Jennifer Claire

    2012-06-26

    Objectives: This thesis addresses patients’ conceptualising of the experience of admission to and discharge from an inpatient mental health unit, and the role of measurable psychosocial constructs in this conceptualisa ...

  11. Municipal Solid Waste in The United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laughlin, Robert B.

    ...................................................................................................................... 17 The Solid Waste Management Hierarchy2007 Facts and Figures Municipal Solid Waste in The United States #12;United States Environmental Protection Agency Office of Solid Waste (5306P) EPA530-R-08-010 November 2008 www.epa.gov #12;MUNICIPAL SOLID

  12. Municipal Solid Waste in The United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barlaz, Morton A.

    ...................................................................................................................18 The Solid Waste Management Hierarchy2011 Facts and Figures Municipal Solid Waste in The United States #12;United States Environmental Protection Agency Office of Solid Waste (5306P) EPA530-R-13-001 May 2013 www.epa.gov #12;MUNICIPAL SOLID

  13. Conventional regression models Auto-generated units

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCullagh, Peter

    Conventional regression models Auto-generated units Consequences of auto-generation Inference regression models Auto-generated units Consequences of auto-generation Inference and prediction Outline 1 Conventional regression models Gaussian models Binary regression model Attenuation of treatment effect Problems

  14. Conventional regression models Auto-generated units

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCullagh, Peter

    Conventional regression models Auto-generated units Consequences of auto-generation Inference Royal Statistical Society Feb 6, 2008 Peter McCullagh Auto-generated units #12;Conventional regression Conventional regression models Gaussian models Binary regression model Properties of regression models Problems

  15. Conventional regression models Auto-generated units

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCullagh, Peter

    Conventional regression models Auto-generated units Consequences of auto-generation Inference regression models Auto-generated units Consequences of auto-generation Inference and prediction Outline 1 Conventional regression models Gaussian models Binary regression model Properties of regression models Problems

  16. Random Models Unit code: MATH20712

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sidorov, Nikita

    MATH20712 Random Models Unit code: MATH20712 Credit Rating: 10 Unit level: Level 2 Teaching period, and renewal processes. Syllabus 1.Review of conditional probability, probability distributions, random. The probability of extinction. [6] 6.Renewal processes. The counting processes and occurrence time processes

  17. Convex Optimization Unit code: MATH36061

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sidorov, Nikita

    MATH36061 Convex Optimization Unit code: MATH36061 Credit Rating: 10 Unit level: Level 3 Teaching Requirements MATH36061 pre-requisite Aims The course aims to introduce students to modern convex optimization #12;Optimization is the art of optimal decision making under constraints. Convex optimization refers

  18. Description Disposable Membrane Chromatography Units for Scale-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lebendiker, Mario

    traceable to raw components. Constructed of component materials that meet United States Pharmacopeia (USP for a free product sample! Materials of Construction Membrane Bed Volume Device volume of chromatography systems. Disposable 25 mm units. Available in Q and S chemistries. Manufactured in accordance

  19. FISHERY STATISTICS QF THE UNITED STATES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    I FISHERY STATISTICS QF THE UNITED STATES 1942 By A. W, ANDERSON and E. A. POWER STATISTICAL DIGEST Statistical Digest No. 11 FISHERY STATISTICS OF THE UNITED STATES 1942 BY A. W. ANDERSON and E. A. POWER. S. Government Printing Offic Washington 25, D. C. - Price 60 cents #12;Fishery Statistics

  20. FISHERY STATISTICS OF THE UNITED STATES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    pa%Mv--. FISHERY STATISTICS OF THE UNITED STATES 1965 STATISTICAL DIGEST NO. 59 UNITED STATES, Commissioner Bureau of Commercial Fisheries, H. E. Crowther, Director STATISTICAL DIGEST 59 FISHERY STATISTICS.S. Government Printing Office Washington, D.C. 20402 - Price $4 (Paper Cover) #12;Fishery statistics

  1. FISHERY STATISTICS OF THE UNITED STATES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    FISHERY STATISTICS OF THE UNITED STATES 1950 STATISTICAL DIGEST NO. 27 Fish and Wildlife ServiceKay, Secretary FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE, John L. Farley, Director Statistical Digest 27 FISHERY STATISTICS 25, DC. - - Price $2.00 (paper) #12;Fishery Statistics of the United States and A] aska are corapi

  2. FISHERY STATISTICS OF THE UNITED STATES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    FISHERY STATISTICS OF THE UNITED STATES 1964 STATISTICAL DIGEST NO. 58 UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT Bureau of Commercial Fisheries, Donald L. McKernan, Director STATISTICAL DIGEST 58 FISHERY STATISTICS.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402 - Price S2.50 (paper cover) #12;Fishery statistics

  3. FISHERY STATISTICS OF THE UNITED STATES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    SH 11 A443X FISH FISHERY STATISTICS OF THE UNITED STATES 1943 STATISTICAL DIGEST NO. 14 Sll \\M AND WILDLIFE SERVICE Albert M. Day, Director CAMEL M. COHEN Statistical Digest No. 14 FISHERY STATISTICS. - Price 75 cents #12;Fishery Statistics of the United States and Alaska are compiled and published

  4. FISHERY STATISTICS )F THE UNITED STATES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    SH 11 .A443X FISH FISHERY STATISTICS )F THE UNITED STATES ^M=^. STATISTICAL DIGEST NO. 36 #12. Farley, Director i]EL M. COHEN Statistical Digest 36 FISHERY STATISTICS OF THE UNITED STATES 1953 BY A. W;Fishery Statistics of the I'nited States and Alaska are compiled and published an- nually to make

  5. Matrix Analysis Unit code: MATH36001

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sidorov, Nikita

    MATH36001 Matrix Analysis Unit code: MATH36001 Credit Rating: 10 Unit level: Level 3 Teaching). Familiarity with Matlab is helpful but not essential. Aims To introduce students to matrix analysis through decomposition, and matrix functions. This is archived information. Please visit http

  6. Multivariate Statistics Unit code: MATH38061

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sidorov, Nikita

    MATH38061 Multivariate Statistics Unit code: MATH38061 Credit Rating: 10 Unit level: Level 3. Aims To familiarise students with the ideas and methodology of certain multivariate methods together sets of data are multivariate in that they consist of observations on several different variables

  7. Multivariate Statistics Unit code: MATH48061

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sidorov, Nikita

    MATH48061 Multivariate Statistics Unit code: MATH48061 Credit Rating: 15 Unit level: Level 4. Aims To familiarise students with the ideas and methodology of certain multivariate methods together sets of data are multivariate in that they consist of observations on several different variables

  8. UNITED STATES OF AMERICA NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laughlin, Robert B.

    i LBP-09-10 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION ATOMIC SAFETY AND LICENSING Nuclear Power Plant, Units 1 and 2) Docket No. 52-029-COL, 52-030-COL ASLBP No. 09-879-04-COL-BD01 July 8

  9. United States Nuclear Waste Technical Review Board

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    United States Nuclear Waste Technical Review Board Experience Gained From Programs to Manage High-Level Radioactive Waste and Spent Nuclear Fuel in the United States and Other Countries A Report to Congress and the Secretary of Energy April 2011 #12;#12;U.S. Nuclear Waste Technical Review Board Experience Gained From

  10. Fisheries Economics of the United States, 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    #12;#12;Fisheries Economics of the United States, 2008 Economics and Social Analysis Division;ii Suggested citation: National Marine Fisheries Service. 2010. Fisheries Economics of the United://www.st.nmfs.noaa.gov/st5/publication/index.html. A copy of this report may be obtained from: Economics and Social Analysis

  11. Fisheries Economics of the United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fisheries Economics of the United States 2007 Economics and Sociocultural Status and Trends Series Fisheries Service NOAA Technical Memorandum NMFS-F/SPO-104 January 2010 #12;#12;Fisheries Economics of the United States, 2007 Economics and Social Analysis Division Office of Science and Technology National

  12. Lie Algebras Unit code: MATH32112

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sidorov, Nikita

    MATH32112 Lie Algebras Unit code: MATH32112 Credit Rating: 10 Unit level: Level 3 Teaching period MATH20212 - Algebraic Structures 2 (Compulsory) Additional Requirements MATH32112 pre-requisites Students are not permitted to take more than one of MATH32112, MATH42112 or MATH62112 for credit, either

  13. Lie Algebras Unit code: MATH42112

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sidorov, Nikita

    MATH42112 Lie Algebras Unit code: MATH42112 Credit Rating: 15 Unit level: Level 4 Teaching period MATH20212 - Algebraic Structures 2 (Compulsory) Additional Requirements MATH42112 pre-requisites Students are not permitted to take more than one of MATH32112 MATH42112 or MATH62112 for credit, either

  14. Pressure vessel sliding support unit and system using the sliding support unit

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Breach, Michael R.; Keck, David J.; Deaver, Gerald A.

    2013-01-15

    Provided is a sliding support and a system using the sliding support unit. The sliding support unit may include a fulcrum capture configured to attach to a support flange, a fulcrum support configured to attach to the fulcrum capture, and a baseplate block configured to support the fulcrum support. The system using the sliding support unit may include a pressure vessel, a pedestal bracket, and a plurality of sliding support units.

  15. Assessor Training Measurement Uncertainty

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    NVLAP Assessor Training Measurement Uncertainty #12;Assessor Training 2009: Measurement Uncertainty Training 2009: Measurement Uncertainty 3 Measurement Uncertainty ·Calibration and testing labs performing Training 2009: Measurement Uncertainty 4 Measurement Uncertainty ·When the nature of the test precludes

  16. REPORT TO CONGRESSREPORT TO CONGRESS SOUTHEASTERN UNITED STATES SHRIMP TRAWLSOUTHEASTERN UNITED STATES SHRIMP TRAWL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    REPORT TO CONGRESSREPORT TO CONGRESS SOUTHEASTERN UNITED STATES SHRIMP TRAWLSOUTHEASTERN UNITED;This report should be cited as follows: Nance, J. M. (Editor). 1998. Report to Congress. Southeastern., Scott- Denton, E., Shah, A. and Watson, J. #12;i Report on Southeastern United States Shrimp Trawl

  17. Address conversion unit for multiprocessor system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fava, T.F.; Lary, R.F.; Blackledge, R.

    1987-03-03

    An address conversion unit is described for use in one processor in a multi-processor data processing system including a common memory, the processors and common memory being interconnected by a common bus including means for transferring address signals defining a common address space. The processor includes private bus means including means for transferring signals including address signals defining a private address space. A processor unit means is connected to the private bus means and includes means for transmitting and receiving signals including address signals over the private bus means for engaging in data transfers thereover. The address conversion unit is connected to the private bus means and common bus means for receiving address signals over the private bus means from the processor unit means in the private address space. The unit comprises: A. pointer storage means for storing a pointer identifying a portion of the common bus memory space; B. pointer generation means connected to receive a common bus address and for generating a pointer in response thereto for storage in the pointer storage means; and C. common bus address generation means connected to the private bus and the pointer storage means for receiving an address from the processor unit means and for generating a common bus address in response thereto. The common bus address is used to initiate transfers between the processor unit means and the common memory over the common bus.

  18. Estimated United States Transportation Energy Use 2005

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Smith, C A; Simon, A J; Belles, R D

    2011-11-09

    A flow chart depicting energy flow in the transportation sector of the United States economy in 2005 has been constructed from publicly available data and estimates of national energy use patterns. Approximately 31,000 trillion British Thermal Units (trBTUs) of energy were used throughout the United States in transportation activities. Vehicles used in these activities include automobiles, motorcycles, trucks, buses, airplanes, rail, and ships. The transportation sector is powered primarily by petroleum-derived fuels (gasoline, diesel and jet fuel). Biomass-derived fuels, electricity and natural gas-derived fuels are also used. The flow patterns represent a comprehensive systems view of energy used within the transportation sector.

  19. Unit II-1 Inner products 1 Inner product and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Birkett, Stephen

    Unit II-1 Inner products 1 Unit II-1 Inner product and orthogonality Unit II-1 Inner products 2 a (real) inner product space ­ sometimes a Euclidean space Unit II-1 Inner products 3 Examples: Real inner matrix is the sum of its diagonal entries Unit II-1 Inner products 4 Complex inner product · an inner

  20. Introduction to Financial Mathematics Unit code: MATH20912

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sidorov, Nikita

    MATH20912 Introduction to Financial Mathematics Unit code: MATH20912 Credit Rating: 10 Unit level: Level 2 Teaching period(s): Semester 2 Offered by School of Mathematics Available as a free choice unit?: N Requisites None Aims The course unit unit aims to enable students to acquire active knowledge

  1. Unit III-2 Orthogonal diagonalization 1 Orthogonal diagonalization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Birkett, Stephen

    Unit III-2 Orthogonal diagonalization 1 Unit III-2 Orthogonal diagonalization Unit III-2 Orthogonal? Unit III-2 Orthogonal diagonalization 3 Real symmetric matrices · if A is a real symmetric matrix then to orthogonally diagonalize any real symmetric matrix Unit III-2 Orthogonal diagonalization 4 Diagonalization

  2. Mathematics 0J2 Unit code: MATH19852

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sidorov, Nikita

    MATH19852 Mathematics 0J2 Unit code: MATH19852 Credit Rating: 10 Unit level: Level 1 Teaching period(s): Semester 2 Offered by School of Mathematics Available as a free choice unit?: N Requisites None Aims The course unit unit aims to provide a basic course in mechanics for students

  3. Unit II-3 Orthogonal matrices 1 Orthogonal matrices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Birkett, Stephen

    Unit II-3 Orthogonal matrices 1 Unit II-3 Orthogonal matrices Unit II-3 Orthogonal matrices 2 `orthonormal matrix' is more accurate Unit II-3 Orthogonal matrices 3 Example. Find an orthogonal matrix whose first row is a multiple of u1=(1,2,2). Unit II-3 Orthogonal matrices 4 Orthogonal matrices · a matrix P

  4. Unit Testing for Casl Architectural Specifications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sannella, Don

    and impractical activity. When only finite sets of interactions are considered, successful testing can accept Unit Testing for Casl Architectural Specifications. The problem of testing modular systems against algebraic specifications is discussed. We focus on systems

  5. TEACHER EDUCATION STUDENT HANDBOOK Teacher Education Unit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    TEACHER EDUCATION STUDENT HANDBOOK Teacher Education Unit University of Minnesota, Crookston October 2011 #12;TABLE OF CONTENTS I. TEACHER EDUCATION ­ OVERVIEW A. Introduction. PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS A. UMC Liberal Education Requirements....................................... 16 B

  6. A report to United Services Automobile Association

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Master Research Agreement No. 0000004417 between Texas A&M Transportation Institute (TTI) and United this agreement: Task 1: Develop Survey Instrument Task 2: Conduct Survey Task 3: Analyze Survey and Prepare

  7. Unit Operation Efficiency Improvement Through Motionless Mixing 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    King, L. T.

    1984-01-01

    The efficient mixing of materials is a basic requirement at some stage of most processes. Examples of unit operations include mixers, blenders, heat exchangers and reactors that often use dynamic mixers. Motionless mixers on the other hand contain...

  8. Collaborative Unit Construction in Korean: Pivot Turns

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ju, Hee

    2011-01-01

    A. (1996). Practices in the construction of turns: the ‘TCU’Scheutz, H. (2005). Pivot constructions in spoken German. InM. (2000). The construction of units in conversational talk.

  9. United Power- Renewable Energy Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    United Power is providing rebates to their customers for the purchase of photovoltaic (PV), wind, and solar water heating systems. These incentives are separate from the rebates provided by the...

  10. Renewable Electricity Generation in the United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schmalensee, Richard

    This paper provides an overview of the use of renewable energy sources to generate electricity in the United States and a critical analysis of the federal and state policies that have supported the deployment of renewable ...

  11. United States Patent [191 Kaplan et al.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaplan, Alexander

    United States Patent [191 Kaplan et al. [54] NONLINEAR OPTICAL DEVICE USING SELF-TRAPPING OF LIGHT Inventors: Alexander E. Kaplan, Cambridge, Mass; John E. Bjorkholm, Holmdel, N.J.; Peter W. Smith, Colts

  12. United States Patent [19] Church et al.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Church, George M.

    United States Patent [19] Church et al. [54] CHARACTERIZATION OF INDIVIDUAL POLYMER MOLECULES BASED 1111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111 US005795782A [11] Patent Number: [45] Date of Patent: 5,795,782 Aug. 18, 1998 Boulanger et al

  13. 1997 Housing Characteristics Tables Housing Unit Tables

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    1997 Housing Unit Characteristics RSE Column Factor: Total 1997 Household Income Below Poverty Line Eli- gible for Fed- eral Assist- ance 1 RSE Row Factors Less than 10,000...

  14. Mobilizing Public Support for the United Nations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ignatieff, Michael

    2003-01-01

    This paper examines a critical case of Executive Branch leadership during the creation of the United Nations. Before his death, President Franklin Roosevelt hoped that the wartime alliance would become the cornerstone of ...

  15. United States Department of Commerce Technology Administration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ferreira, Márcia M. C.

    of Standards in 1901, works to strengthen U.S. industry's competitiveness; advance science and engineering for comparing standards used in science, engineering, manufacturing, commerce, industry, and educationUnited States Department of Commerce Technology Administration National Institute of Standards

  16. NEW PARABLASTOIDS FROM THE WESTERN UNITED STATES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sprinkle, James; Sumrall, Colin D.

    2008-12-01

    , fused, conical or cylindrical oral crest unlike the peristomial cover plates found in Eurekablastus and probably Parabolablastus. Key words: Blastozoa, Echinodermata, systematics, Rocky Mountains, early Paleozoic introDuction Parablastoids are a small... units in the western and southwestern United States. Previous investigations The ?rst triangular deltoid plates of parablastoids from the Rocky Mountains were reported by Ross (1949, 1951) and ?gured in Ross (1968) from the upper Garden City Formation...

  17. Indoor unit for electric heat pump

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Draper, R.; Lackey, R.S.; Fagan, T.J. Jr.; Veyo, S.E.; Humphrey, J.R.

    1984-05-22

    An indoor unit for an electric heat pump is provided in modular form including a refrigeration module, an air mover module, and a resistance heat package module, the refrigeration module including all of the indoor refrigerant circuit components including the compressor in a space adjacent the heat exchanger, the modules being adapted to be connected to air flow communication in several different ways as shown to accommodate placement of the unit in various orientations. 9 figs.

  18. Towards 3D mapping of BO? octahedron rotations at perovskite heterointerfaces, unit cell by unit cell

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    He, Qian; Ishikawa, Ryo; Lupini, Andrew R.; Qiao, Liang; Moon, Eun Ju; Ovchinnikov, Oleg S.; May, Steven J.; Biegalski, Michael D.; Borisevich, Albina Y.

    2015-07-15

    The rich functionalities in the ABO? perovskite oxides originate at least partly from the ability of the corner-connected BO? octahedral network to host a large variety of cations through distortions and rotations. Characterizing these rotations, which significantly affect both fundamental aspects of materials behavior and possible applications, remains a major challenge. In this work, we have developed a unique method of investigating BO? rotation patterns in complex oxides ABO? with unit cell resolution at heterointerfaces, where novel properties often emerge. Our method involves column shape analysis in annular bright field - scanning transmission electron microscope images of the ABO? heterointerfacesmore »taken in specific orientations. The rotating phase of BO? octahedra can be identified for all three spatial dimensions without the need of case-by-case simulation. In several common rotation systems, it is now possible to quantitatively measure all three rotation angles. With this method, we examined interfaces between perovskites with distinct tilt systems as well as interfaces between tilted and untilted perovskites, identifying an unusual coupling behavior at the CaTiO?/LSAT interface. We believe this unique method will significantly improve our knowledge of the complex oxide heterointerfaces.« less

  19. Syllabuses (course unit descriptions) for course units offered by the Manchester Business School may be found at the website

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sidorov, Nikita

    16 3 Syllabuses (course unit descriptions) for course units offered by the Manchester Business units that are offered may be obtained from your Programme Director. Syllabuses (course unit descriptions) of language course units offered by the School of Arts, Languages and Cultures may be found

  20. Modern Shale Gas Development in the United States: A Primer ...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Modern Shale Gas Development in the United States: A Primer Modern Shale Gas Development in the United States: A Primer This Primer on Modern Shale Gas Development in the United...