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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "measurement climate research" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Climate Research Facility | Argonne  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Climate Research Facility Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Climate Research Facility Argonne scientists study climate change 1 of 22 Argonne scientists study climate change The U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science provided $60 million in ARRA funding for climate research to the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Climate Research Facility, a DOE national user facility that has been operating climate observing sites around the world for nearly two decades. These sites help scientists study clouds and their influence on the sun's radiant energy, which heats our planet. Above is one of the purchases: the Vaisala Present Weather Detector. It optically measures visibility, present weather, precipitation intensity, and precipitation type. It provides a measure of current weather conditions by combining measurements from three

2

Style Guide Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Climate Research Facility  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Style Guide Style Guide Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Climate Research Facility March 2013 Style Guide Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Climate Research Facility March 2013 Work supported by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Office of Biological and Environmental Research March 2013 ii Contents 1.0 Introduction .......................................................................................................................................... 1 2.0 Acronyms and Abbreviations ............................................................................................................... 1 2.1 Usage ............................................................................................................................................ 1

3

Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Climate Research Facility (ACRF) Annual Report 2008  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Importance of Clouds and Radiation for Climate Change: The Earth’s surface temperature is determined by the balance between incoming solar radiation and thermal (or infrared) radiation emitted by the Earth back to space. Changes in atmospheric composition, including greenhouse gases, clouds, and aerosols, can alter this balance and produce significant climate change. Global climate models (GCMs) are the primary tool for quantifying future climate change; however, there remain significant uncertainties in the GCM treatment of clouds, aerosol, and their effects on the Earth’s energy balance. In 1989, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Science created the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program to address scientific uncertainties related to global climate change, with a specific focus on the crucial role of clouds and their influence on the transfer of radiation in the atmosphere. To reduce these scientific uncertainties, the ARM Program uses a unique twopronged approach: • The ARM Climate Research Facility, a scientific user facility for obtaining long-term measurements of radiative fluxes, cloud and aerosol properties, and related atmospheric characteristics in diverse climate regimes; and • The ARM Science Program, focused on the analysis of ACRF and other data to address climate science issues associated with clouds, aerosols, and radiation, and to improve GCMs. This report provides an overview of each of these components and a sample of achievements for each in fiscal year (FY) 2008.

LR Roeder

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Climate Research Facility and Atmospheric  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Climate Research Facility and Atmospheric System Research (ASR) Science and Infrastructure Steering Committee CHARTER June 2012 DISCLAIMER This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by the U.S. Government. Neither the United States nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise, does not

5

Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program Climate Research Facility Operations  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

8 8 Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program Climate Research Facility Operations Quarterly Report January 1-March 31, 2011 DISCLAIMER This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by the U.S. Government. Neither the United States nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise, does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement, recommendation, or

6

Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program Climate Research Facility Operations  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

1 1 Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Climate Research Facility Operations Quarterly Report October 1-December 31, 2011 DISCLAIMER This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by the U.S. Government. Neither the United States nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise, does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement, recommendation, or

7

Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program Climate Research Facility Operations  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

7 7 Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Climate Research Facility Operations Quarterly Report January 1-March 31, 2012 DISCLAIMER This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by the U.S. Government. Neither the United States nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise, does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement, recommendation, or

8

Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Climate Research Facility - annual report 2004  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

ER-ARM-0403 ER-ARM-0403 3 Table of Contents Program Overview ............................................................................................................................................................ 4 The Role of Clouds in Climate .................................................................................................................................... 4 ARM Science Goals ..................................................................................................................................................... 4 ARM Climate Research Facility: Successful Science Program Leads to User Facility Designation ................................ 5 Sites Around the World Enable Real Observations .......................................................................................................

9

DOE/SC-ARM-13-007 Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Climate Research...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Radiation Measurement Climate Research Facility Operations Quarterly Report January 1-March 31, 2013 DISCLAIMER This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by the...

10

Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Climate Research Facility (ACRF) Annual Report 2007  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This annual report describes the purpose and structure of the program, and presents key accomplishments in 2007. Notable achievements include: • Successful review of the ACRF as a user facility by the DOE Biological and Environmental Research Advisory Committee. The subcommittee reinforced the importance of the scientific impacts of this facility, and its value for the international research community. • Leadership of the Cloud Land Surface Interaction Campaign. This multi-agency, interdisciplinary field campaign involved enhanced surface instrumentation at the ACRF Southern Great Plains site and, in concert with the Cumulus Humilis Aerosol Processing Study sponsored by the DOE Atmospheric Science Program, coordination of nine aircraft through the ARM Aerial Vehicles Program. • Successful deployment of the ARM Mobile Facility in Germany, including hosting nearly a dozen guest instruments and drawing almost 5000 visitors to the site. • Key advancements in the representation of radiative transfer in weather forecast models from the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts. • Development of several new enhanced data sets, ranging from best estimate surface radiation measurements from multiple sensors at all ACRF sites to the extension of time-height cloud occurrence profiles to Niamey, Niger, Africa. • Publication of three research papers in a single issue (February 2007) of the Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society.

LR Roeder

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Climate Research Facility (ACRF Instrumentation Status: New, Current, and Future)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this report is to provide a concise but comprehensive overview of Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Climate Research Facility instrumentation status. The report is divided into the following four sections: (1) new instrumentation in the process of being acquired and deployed, (2) existing instrumentation and progress on improvements or upgrades, (3) proposed future instrumentation, and (4) Small Business Innovation Research instrument development.

JW Voyles

2008-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

12

Forest Research: Climate Change  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Forest Research: Climate Change projects Forest Research is part of the Forestry Commission of climate change-related research is wide-ranging, covering impact assessment and monitoring, adaptation around a quarter of its research budget with Forest Research on climate change and related programmes

13

ARM Climate Research Facility  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages

banner banner Home | People | Site Index Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Climate Research Facility US Department of Energy About Science Campaigns Sites Instruments Measurements Data News Publications Education Become a User Recovery Act Mission FAQ Outreach Displays History Organization Participants Facility Statistics Forms Contacts Research Themes Research Highlights Journal Articles Collaborations Atmospheric System Research (ASR) ARM Science Team Meetings Propose a Campaign Submitting Proposals: Guidelines Featured Campaigns Campaign Data List of Campaigns Aerial Facility Eastern North Atlantic Mobile Facilities North Slope of Alaska Southern Great Plains Tropical Western Pacific Location Table Contacts Instrument Datastreams Value-Added Products PI Data Products Field Campaign Data Related Data

14

DOE/SC-ARM-020 Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Climate Research Facility  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

20 20 Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Climate Research Facility Operations Quarterly Report July 1-September 30, 2013 DISCLAIMER This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by the U.S. Government. Neither the United States nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise, does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement, recommendation, or

15

DOE/SC-ARM-12-021 Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Climate Research Facility  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

1 1 Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Climate Research Facility Operations Quarterly Report July 1-September 30, 2012 DISCLAIMER This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by the U.S. Government. Neither the United States nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise, does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement, recommendation, or

16

DOE/SC-ARM-13-020 Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Climate Research Facility  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

0 0 Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Climate Research Facility Operations Quarterly Report July 1-September 30, 2013 DISCLAIMER This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by the U.S. Government. Neither the United States nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise, does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement, recommendation, or

17

Contributions of the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program and the ARM Climate Research Facility to the U.S. Climate Change Science Program  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Earth’s surface temperature is determined by the balance between incoming solar radiation and thermal (or infrared) radiation emitted by the Earth back to space. Changes in atmospheric composition, including greenhouse gases, clouds, and aerosols can alter this balance and produce significant climate change. Global climate models (GCMs) are the primary tool for quantifying future climate change; however, there remain significant uncertainties in the GCM treatment of clouds, aerosol, and their effects on the Earth’s energy balance. The 2007 assessment (AR4) by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) reports a substantial range among GCMs in climate sensitivity to greenhouse gas emissions. The largest contributor to this range lies in how different models handle changes in the way clouds absorb or reflect radiative energy in a changing climate (Solomon et al. 2007). In 1989, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Science created the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program within the Office of Biological and Environmental Research (BER) to address scientific uncertainties related to global climate change, with a specific focus on the crucial role of clouds and their influence on the transfer of radiation in the atmosphere. To address this problem, BER has adopted a unique two-pronged approach: * The ARM Climate Research Facility (ACRF), a scientific user facility for obtaining long-term measurements of radiative fluxes, cloud and aerosol properties, and related atmospheric characteristics in diverse climate regimes. * The ARM Science Program, focused on the analysis of ACRF data to address climate science issues associated with clouds, aerosols, and radiation, and to improve GCMs. This report describes accomplishments of the BER ARM Program toward addressing the primary uncertainties related to climate change prediction as identified by the IPCC.

SA Edgerton; LR Roeder

2008-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

18

ARM Climate Research Facility  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Recovery Act Recovery Act Learn about ARM's efforts. The Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Climate Research Facility is a U.S. Department of Energy scientific user facility, providing data from strategically located in situ and remote sensing observatories around the world. [ Live Data Displays ] Featured Data 09.19.2013 New ARM Best Estimate Land Product Contains Critical Soil Quantities for Describing Land Properties 09.12.2013 Value-Added Product Estimates Planetary Boundary Layer Height from Radiosondes 08.29.2013 New Data Available for Precipitation Value-Added Product Feature12.30.2013 Pole Position: New Field Campaigns Explore Arctic and Antarctic Atmosphere Pole Position: New Field Campaigns Explore Arctic and Antarctic Atmosphere For the first time, ARM ventures to Antarctica for one of several newly

19

ORISE: Climate and Atmospheric Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Climate and Atmospheric Research Climate and Atmospheric Research Capabilities Overview U.S. Climate Reference Network U.S. Historical Climate Network Contact Us Oak Ridge Institute for Science Education Climate and Atmospheric Research The Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education (ORISE) partners with the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's Atmospheric Turbulence and Diffusion Division (ATDD) to conduct climate research focused on issues of national and global importance. Research is performed with personnel support from ORISE's Independent Environmental Assessment and Verification (IEAV) programs, as well as in collaboration with scientists and engineers from Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), and numerous other organizations, government agencies, universities and private research institutions.

20

NREL: Climate Neutral Research Campuses - Implementing the Climate Action  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Implementing the Climate Action Plan Implementing the Climate Action Plan When implementing climate action plans on research campuses, two important and related questions must be answered. How do we pay for climate actions? And, who will manage and oversee implementation of the plan? The answer to each question will be specific to your campus. Narrow climate action plans focus on incremental savings through low-cost and voluntary measures. This approach begs the question about what should be done after the short-term, incremental improvements are completed. In contrast, a portfolio approach can help achieve deep reductions in energy consumption and move toward campus-wide climate neutrality. Build a Portfolio After considering a wide array of individual measures, a single portfolio is created for implementation. This approach allows research campuses to

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "measurement climate research" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

ARM Climate Research Facility  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

3 3 ARM Climate Research Facility Quarterly Value-Added Product Report Chitra Sivaraman October 2011 DISCLAIMER This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by the U.S. Government. Neither the United States nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise, does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement, recommendation, or

22

TOPICS IN CLIMATE RESEARCH Course Description  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Projects 6 Climate Theory; Climate Forcing; Climate Feedbacks I 4 7 Climate Theory; Climate ForcingTOPICS IN CLIMATE RESEARCH AT 755 Course Description: This course is a survey of current topics in climate research, including the decadal to paleoclimate observational record, the impacts of climate

23

ARM Climate Research Facility  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

2 2 ARM Climate Research Facility Quarterly Value-Added Product Report C Sivaraman November 2012 DISCLAIMER This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by the U.S. Government. Neither the United States nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise, does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement, recommendation, or favoring by the U.S. Government or any agency thereof. The views and

24

ARM Climate Research Facility  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

8 8 ARM Climate Research Facility Quarterly Value-Added Product Report Chitra Sivaraman June 2012 DISCLAIMER This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by the U.S. Government. Neither the United States nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise, does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement, recommendation, or favoring by the U.S. Government or any agency thereof. The views and

25

ARM Climate Research Facility  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

1 1 ARM Climate Research Facility Quarterly Value-Added Product Report C Sivaraman October 2013 DISCLAIMER This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by the U.S. Government. Neither the United States nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise, does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement, recommendation, or favoring by the U.S. Government or any agency thereof. The views and

26

ARM Climate Research Facility  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

2 2 ARM Climate Research Facility Quarterly Value-Added Product Report C Sivaraman January 2013 DISCLAIMER This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by the U.S. Government. Neither the United States nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise, does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement, recommendation, or favoring by the U.S. Government or any agency thereof. The views and

27

ARM Climate Research Facility  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

5 5 ARM Climate Research Facility Quarterly Value-Added Product Report C Sivaraman July 2013 DISCLAIMER This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by the U.S. Government. Neither the United States nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise, does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement, recommendation, or favoring by the U.S. Government or any agency thereof. The views and

28

ARM Climate Research Facility  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

2 2 ARM Climate Research Facility Quarterly Value-Added Product Report C Sivaraman February 2012 DISCLAIMER This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by the U.S. Government. Neither the United States nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise, does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement, recommendation, or favoring by the U.S. Government or any agency thereof. The views and

29

ARM Climate Research Facility  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

6 6 ARM Climate Research Facility Spectral Surface Albedo Value-Added Product (VAP) Report S McFarlane K Gaustad C Long E Mlawer July 2011 DISCLAIMER This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by the U.S. Government. Neither the United States nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise, does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement, recommendation, or

30

Growing More Effective Ways to Measure Climate Change  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Growing More Effective Ways to Measure Climate Change For original submission and image(s), see ARM Research Highlights http:www.arm.govsciencehighlights Research Highlight...

31

NICCR - National Institute for Climate Change Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Shuur Abstract Shuur Abstract The Effect of Moisture and Temperature Manipulation on Plant Allocation and Soil Carbon Dynamics in Black Spruce Forests: Using Radiocarbon to Detect Multiple Climate Change Impacts on Boreal Ecosystem Carbon Cycling Principle Investigator: Dr. Edward A.G. Schuur, University of Florida Co-Investigators: Dr. Jason G. Vogel, University of Florida Dr. Stith T. Gower, University of Wisconsin Abstract: Our primary research objective is to understand how the carbon (C) cycle of black spruce (Picea mariana) forests, the largest boreal forest type in North America, will respond to climate change. A second objective is to provide an explicit link between the extensive research conducted on this forest type in Alaska to ongoing international research conducted in Canada where climate and substrates can differ. These objectives will be achieved by connecting observational and experimental field measurements to a common modeling framework.

32

Research Note Impacts of climate change on  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Research Note Impacts of climate change on forestry in Scotland ­ a synopsis of spatial modelling research Duncan Ray January 2008 Climate change is now one of the greatest global challenges, and research by climate change. This Research Note provides an initial synopsis of the likely impacts, with preliminary

33

IISD Climate Change and Agriculture Research | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

IISD Climate Change and Agriculture Research IISD Climate Change and Agriculture Research Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: IISD Climate Change and Agriculture Research Agency/Company /Organization: International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD) Sector: Land Focus Area: Forestry, Agriculture Topics: Policies/deployment programs Resource Type: Publications References: IISD Climate Change and Agriculture Research[1] "IISD's work related to climate change and agriculture has been supported by Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada." It include the two following publications: Expanding Agriculture's Role in a Post-2012 Regime (PDF - 712 kb) and Climate Change Mitigation through Land-Use Measures in the Agriculture and Forestry Sectors References ↑ "IISD Climate Change and Agriculture Research"

34

ARM Climate Research Facility Annual Report 2004  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Like a rock that slowly wears away beneath the pressure of a waterfall, planet earth?s climate is almost imperceptibly changing. Glaciers are getting smaller, droughts are lasting longer, and extreme weather events like fires, floods, and tornadoes are occurring with greater frequency. Why? Part of the answer is clouds and the amount of solar radiation they reflect or absorb. These two factors clouds and radiative transfer represent the greatest source of error and uncertainty in the current generation of general circulation models used for climate research and simulation. The U.S. Global Change Research Act of 1990 established an interagency program within the Executive Office of the President to coordinate U.S. agency-sponsored scientific research designed to monitor, understand, and predict changes in the global environment. To address the need for new research on clouds and radiation, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) established the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program. As part of the DOE?s overall Climate Change Science Program, a primary objective of the ARM Program is improved scientific understanding of the fundamental physics related to interactions between clouds and radiative feedback processes in the atmosphere.

Voyles, J.

2004-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

35

Atmospheric Science and Climate Research [EVS Program Area]  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Atmospheric Science and Climate Research Atmospheric Science and Climate Research EVS research, combined with portable, high-performance climate and weather applications, offers a unique look at the complexities of a dynamic planet. In an ever-changing, dynamic climate, we measure, model, and analyze atmospheric processes that are vital to understanding our planet. Our measurement capabilities range from remote sensing and surface meteorology instruments to instrumentation designed to quantify the land-atmosphere exchange of energy, water, and greenhouse gases. Modeling capabilities begin with regional-scale climate, air quality, and aerosol modeling and extend to global chemical transport models, general circulation models of the atmosphere, models of the biosphere, and coupled Earth system models.

36

Nature climate change features Los Alamos forest research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Nature climate change features forest research Nature climate change features Los Alamos forest research The print issue features as its cover story the tree-stress research of...

37

Nature Climate Change features Los Alamos forest research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Nature Climate Change Features Forest Research Nature Climate Change features Los Alamos forest research The print issue features as its cover story the tree-stress research of...

38

Advancing Climate Science with Global Research Facilities | Department...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Advancing Climate Science with Global Research Facilities Advancing Climate Science with Global Research Facilities April 24, 2014 - 3:23pm Addthis This Gulfstream-1 research plane...

39

ARM Climate Research Facility Annual Report 2005  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Through the ARM Program, the DOE funded the development of several highly instrumented ground stations for studying cloud formation processes and their influence on radiative transfer, and for measuring other parameters that determine the radiative properties of the atmosphere. This scientific infrastructure, and resultant data archive, is a valuable national and international asset for advancing scientific knowledge of Earth systems. In fiscal year (FY) 2003, the DOE designated ARM sites as a national scientific user facility: the ARM Climate Research (ACRF). The ACRF has enormous potential to contribute to a wide range interdisciplinary science in areas such as meteorology, atmospheric aerosols, hydrology, biogeochemical cycling, and satellite validation, to name only a few.

J. Voyles

2005-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

40

ARM - ARM Climate Research Facility Contributions to International Polar  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Research Support International Polar Year Begins at ACRF with 3-week Campaign in Barrow Aerosol Affects on Clouds To Be Studied Yearlong Study to Improve Polar Measurements of Radiative Energy Education Efforts Educational Kiosk CD Available at No Cost-Request Yours Today! POLAR-PALOOZA: Climate science goes on tour! Partnership Extends Support for National Science Teacher Conference Teacher's Domain Combines Culture and Climate Other Links ACRF IPY Home U.S. IPY Home ARM Climate Research Facility Contributions to International Polar Year (IPY) The Department of Energy's International Polar Year (IPY) contributions will be conducted at the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Climate Research Facility (ARM) located in the North Slope of Alaska. This DOE user facility

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "measurement climate research" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

NICCR - National Institute for Climate Change Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Monson Abstract Monson Abstract The Response of a Subalpine Forest Ecosystem to Earlier Spring Warm-up Principle Investigator: Russell K. Monson, University of Colorado, Boulder Abstract: Recent analyses have shown widespread declines in the winter snow pack of mountain ecosystemsin the Western U.S. that are coupled to early-spring temperature anomalies. We hypothesize that early spring warm-up in western forests causes increased water stress and reduces the capacity for the forest to assimilate carbon, while at the same time accelerating the loss of carbon due to soil respiration. We will test this hypothesis using observations and modeling. Our research contains elements of three different NICCR foci, including eddy covariance measurements, modeling and manipulative experiments; however, it is principally intended to fulfill Focus 3, with an emphasis on "the use of measurements and analyses to evaluate mechanisms that might be included in climate and carbon models".

42

Berkeley Lab Earth Sciences Division - Research - Programs - Climate &  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

research > programs > climate_carbon_sciences research > programs > climate_carbon_sciences Climate & Carbon Sciences Program Research Areas The Carbon Cycle Better Models for Robust Climate Projection Climate Science for a Sustainable Energy Future Projects Contacts Facilities & Centers Publications Climate & Carbon Sciences Program Climate & Carbon Sciences Program The global carbon cycle strongly regulates earth's climate, while anthropogenic disturbance of the carbon cycle is the main cause of current and predicted climate change. At the same time, humans depend on the terrestrial carbon cycle for food, fiber, energy, and pharmaceuticals. The Climate and Carbon Sciences Program of the Earth Sciences Division at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory encompasses both atmospheric and

43

Purdue Climate Change Research Center ANNUAL REPORT 2008-2009  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on Climate Governance; scientists associated with the Ocean-Atmosphere-Sea Ice-Snowpack (OASIS) project, ledPurdue Climate Change Research Center ANNUAL REPORT 2008-2009 #12;The Purdue Climate Change of climate change through fundamental research and effective education and outreach. Purdue Climate Change

44

NICCR - National Institute for Climate Change Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Loik Abstract Loik Abstract Climate Change Impacts on Shrub-Forest Ecotones in the Western US Principle Investigator: Michael E. Loik, University of California, Santa Cruz Co-PI: Daniel F. Doak, University of California, Santa Cruz (after Aug. 2007: University of Wyoming) Unfunded collaborator: Ronald P. Neilson, Pacific Northwest Forest Service Research Laboratory Abstract:: This research is motivated by (i) the importance of snow as a dominant form of precipitation for a large portion of arid and semi-arid regions of the western United States, (ii) uncertainty in how changes in snow climate will affect ecotones between terrestrial ecosystems of the West, and (iii) the need to better understand how climate change impacts recruitment of dominant organisms of range and forest lands of the West, in order to better predict climate change effects on distributions of terrestrial ecosystems.

45

CLIMATE RESEARCH Vol. 56: 131145, 2013  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Engineering Division, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Thuwal, Saudi Arabia ABSTRACT is downscaled using the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) regional climate model (RCM) to medium (50 km · Weather Research and Forecasting · WRF · Precipitation Resale or republication not permitted without

Evans, Jason

46

Motivation Measurements EVA Results Issues/Future Work Weather and Climate Extremes: cape times shear  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Motivation Measurements EVA Results Issues/Future Work Weather and Climate Extremes: cape times Weather/Climate Extremes 1 / 19 c University Corporation for Atmospheric Research. All rights reserved scales. E Gilleland Weather/Climate Extremes 2 / 19 c University Corporation for Atmospheric Research

Gilleland, Eric

47

Building Technologies Office: Cold Climate Heat Pump Research Project  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Cold Climate Heat Pump Cold Climate Heat Pump Research Project to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Cold Climate Heat Pump Research Project on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Cold Climate Heat Pump Research Project on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Cold Climate Heat Pump Research Project on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Cold Climate Heat Pump Research Project on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Cold Climate Heat Pump Research Project on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Cold Climate Heat Pump Research Project on AddThis.com... About Take Action to Save Energy Partner with DOE Activities Appliances Research Building Envelope Research Windows, Skylights, & Doors Research Space Heating & Cooling Research

48

ORISE: Capabilities in Climate and Atmospheric Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Capabilities Capabilities ORISE partners with NOAA to operate climate monitoring network U.S. Climate Reference Network (CRN) station in Hawaii The U.S. Climate Reference Network (CRN) consists of 121 stations throughout the continental U.S., Alaska, Hawaii and Canada. The stations use highly accurate and reliable sensors and gauges to measure temperature, wind speed and precipitation. The network allows scientists to study the climate of an area over sustained periods, from 50 to 100 years. Pictured here is a CRN station at the Mauna Loa Slope Observatory in Hawaii. The Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education (ORISE) works closely with the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's (NOAA) Atmospheric Turbulence and Diffusion Division (ATDD) to perform lower

49

NREL: Climate Neutral Research Campuses - Labs21 Approach to Climate  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Labs21 Approach to Climate Neutral Campuses Labs21 Approach to Climate Neutral Campuses Photo of the NREL Science and Technology Facility shows a concrete and metal structure sitting below a clear blue sky. The NREL Science and Technology Facility serves as one Labs21 pilot project demonstrating approaches to reducing energy and greenhouse gas emissions on research campuses. Labs for the 21st Century (Labs21) is a joint venture of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). Member laboratories span the Federal Government, academic institutions, and the private sector. Labs21 helps laboratory members reduce energy use. This includes a whole-building approach to energy efficiency in laboratory buildings. This Web site takes that approach a step further in carrying out campus-wide

50

Atmospheric Measurements of Climate-Relevant Species  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Atmospheric Measurements of Climate-Relevant Species Atmospheric Measurements of Climate-Relevant Species CDIAC's data collection includes measurements of the following climate-relevant chemical species. A summary of recent greenhouse gas concentrations is also available. To determine how compounds are named, see the CDIAC "Name that compound" page. Butane (C4H10) Carbon Dioxide (CO2) Carbon Isotopes Carbon Monoxide (CO) Carbon Tetrachloride (CCl4) Chlorofluorocarbons Chloroform (CHCl3) Deuterium (2H) Ethane (C2H6) Ethyl Nitrate (C2H5ONO2) Ethyne (C2H2) Fluoroform (CHF3) Halogenated Compounds (modern records) Halons (fluorocarbons) Hydrogen (H2) Hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs) Hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) i-Propyl Nitrate (C3H7ONO2) Methane (CH4) Methyl Bromide (CH3Br) Methyl Chloride (CH3Cl) Methyl Chloroform (CH3CCl3)

51

NREL: Climate Neutral Research Campuses - Working with Us  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Working with Us Working with Us Close-up photo of a photovoltaic panel on Cornell University's Day Hall with the campus clock tower standing in the background. Cornell University is representative of a research campus taking the lead in energy management, sustainability, and climate action. Read the Cornell University Climate Action Plan. The university supplied technical support for the development of this Web site. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) helps research campuses of all types evaluate, plan, and implement climate action measures. To learn more about these services, contact: Nancy Carlisle National Renewable Energy Laboratory 303-384-7509 nancy.carlisle@nrel.gov Otto VanGeet National Renewable Energy Laboratory 303-384-7369 otto.vangeet@nrel.gov Graphic of the Labs21 logo containing a windmill image against a square blue background, a flame image against a square red background, a mountain image against a square green background, and a sun image against a square yellow background.

52

NREL: Climate Neutral Research Campuses - Preparing a Plan and Setting  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Preparing a Plan and Setting Priorities Preparing a Plan and Setting Priorities At this stage of formulating a climate action plan, research campuses choose greenhouse gas reduction goals, set dates for achievement, and determine financial constraints and opportunities. The resulting plan can be goal driven or finance driven. In preparing climate action plans, there is usually a desire for specific goals and a need to stay within financial constraints. Because of this, a hybrid approach that combines goals and financial constraints is most typical. Developing a climate action plan is an iterative process that sets preliminary goals, evaluates specific measures, calculates financial impact, and then revises the goals. Set Preliminary Goals Research campuses should carefully consider where to set greenhouse gas

53

U.S. and Portugal Sign Agreement for Climate Research Collaboration |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Portugal Sign Agreement for Climate Research Collaboration Portugal Sign Agreement for Climate Research Collaboration U.S. and Portugal Sign Agreement for Climate Research Collaboration March 27, 2009 - 12:00am Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - The United States signed an agreement with Portugal today to launch the installation of a portable climate observatory on Graciosa Island in the Azores. The mobile observatory will obtain measurements of cloud and aerosol properties from the island's marine environment for 20 months, beginning in May. The measurements are expected to greatly enhance scientific understanding of the microscopic processes that occur in low-level marine clouds, and will be used to test and improve climate models. The portable observatory, or Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Mobile Facility, is part of U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) ARM Climate Research

54

Climate Change in Mountain Ecosystems Areas of Current Research  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Climate Change in Mountain Ecosystems Areas of Current Research · Glacier Research · Snow Initiative Glacier Research A Focus on Mountain Ecosystems Climate change is widely acknowledged to be having in the western U.S. and the Northern Rockies in particular are highly sensitive to climate change. In fact

55

Data Quality Assessment and Control for the ARM Climate Research Facility  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The mission of the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Climate Research Facility is to provide observations of the earth climate system to the climate research community for the purpose of improving the understanding and representation, in climate and earth system models, of clouds and aerosols as well as their coupling with the Earth's surface. In order for ARM measurements to be useful toward this goal, it is important that the measurements are of a known and reasonable quality. The ARM data quality program includes several components designed to identify quality issues in near-real-time, track problems to solutions, assess more subtle long-term issues, and communicate problems to the user community.

Peppler, R

2012-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

56

Researching with stakeholders: Lessons from interdisciplinary climate change research  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

engagement process as part of your research. They may not all be relevant in every case, and sometimes the Tyndall Centre's vision "to develop sustainable responses to climate change through trans into the practice of stakeholder engagement suggests it can offer various benefits such as: (a) improving

Watson, Andrew

57

DOE Science Showcase - Featured Climate Change Research from DOE Databases  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Featured Climate Change Research from DOE Databases Featured Climate Change Research from DOE Databases Search Results from DOE Databases View research documents, citations, accomplishments, patents, and projects related to climate change, one of the primary scientific challenges addressed through the Incite Program. Climate Change Information Bridge Energy Citations Database DOE R&D Accomplishments Database DOE Data Explorer Climate Modeling Information Bridge Energy Citations Database DOE R&D Accomplishments Database DOE Data Explorer Ocean Turbulence and Climate Information Bridge Energy Citations Database DOE Accomplishments Database DOE Data Explorer Cloud Simulation and Models Information Bridge Energy Citations Database DOE Accomplishments Database DOE Data Explorer Global Warming Information Bridge Energy Citations Database

58

Methods and Resources for Climate Impacts Research  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The prediction of climate variability and change requires the use of a range of simulation models. Multiple climate model simulations are needed to sample the inherent uncertainties in seasonal to centennial prediction. Because climate models are ...

Andrew Juan Challinor; Tom Osborne; Len Shaffrey; Hilary Weller; Andy Morse; Tim Wheeler; Pier Luigi Vidale

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Cold Climate Heat Pump Research Project | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Emerging Technologies » Cold Climate Heat Pump Research Project Emerging Technologies » Cold Climate Heat Pump Research Project Cold Climate Heat Pump Research Project The U.S. Department of Energy is currently conducting research into cold climate heat pumps. The research is designed to overcome technical and economic barriers that limit market penetration in cold climates. Project Description This project seeks to develop a high-performance, cold climate heat pump technology using multi-stage compressor technology. Several vapor compression cycle configurations are being examined and optimized for superior performance. Target performance and preliminary results will be used to perform a detailed market assessment in order to investigate the national impact and potential market penetration. Project Partners Research is being undertaken through a cooperative research and development

60

ClimateWorks-China Climate Change Research Center | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ClimateWorks-China Climate Change Research Center ClimateWorks-China Climate Change Research Center Jump to: navigation, search Name ClimateWorks-China Climate Change Research Center Agency/Company /Organization ClimateWorks, Energy Foundation Sector Climate, Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy Topics Low emission development planning Website http://www.climateworks.org/ Program Start 2011 Program End 2013 Country China Eastern Asia References http://www.climateworks.org/[1] "Provision of technical support to low-carbon growth planning in low-carbon pilots in five provinces and eight cities. These 13 low carbon pilot regions, which cover 27% of the population, 36% of energy consumption, have the potential of contributing one third of China's total carbon mitigation. The outcomes of these demonstration efforts will serve as

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "measurement climate research" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

NICCR - National Institute for Climate Change Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

News News November 5, 2007. The NICCR National office will release the 2008/2009 RFP on March 1st, 2008. Other important dates will be announced in the near future. July 17, 2006. The selection of the new NICCR Coastal Center has been completed. Seven competitive applications were submitted in April, and reviewed by a panel of technical experts shortly thereafter. As a result of the competitive review, the application from Tulane University was selected by DOE. It is expected that a cooperative agreement between Tulane University and the DOE will be in place to manage the new Coastal Center by September 1, 2006. The next NICCR request for proposals is expected to include a research focus on potential effects of climatic change and/or sea level rise on the structure and functioning of coastal terrestrial ecosystems. All coastal ecosystem research to be supported by NICCR will be in the United States.

62

A new scenario framework for climate change research: The concept of Shared Climate Policy Assumptions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The paper presents the concept of shared climate policy assumptions as an important element of the new scenario framework. Shared climate policy assumptions capture key climate policy dimensions such as the type and scale of mitigation and adaptation measures. They are not specified in the socio-economic reference pathways, and therefore introduce an important third dimension to the scenario matrix architecture. Climate policy assumptions will have to be made in any climate policy scenario, and can have a significant impact on the scenario description. We conclude that a meaningful set of shared climate policy assumptions is useful for grouping individual climate policy analyses and facilitating their comparison. Shared climate policy assumptions should be designed to be policy relevant, and as a set to be broad enough to allow a comprehensive exploration of the climate change scenario space.

Kriegler, Elmar; Edmonds, James A.; Hallegatte, Stephane; Ebi, Kristie L.; Kram, Tom; Riahi, Keywan; Winkler, Harald; Van Vuuren, Detlef

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Climate monitoring with Earth radiation budget measurements  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Earth Radiation Budget (ERB) and its geographical distribution is intimately linked with the earth’s climate and with the general circulation. We analyze 10 years of global Clouds and the Earth’s Radiant Energy System (CERES) measurements from 2000 to 2010 and 8 years of diurnally resolved Geostationary Earth Radiation Budget (GERB) from 2004 to 2011 to illustrate this link and to verify if we can detect climate variability or systematic change. In response to the diurnal wave of solar heating three tropical convection maxima exist over South America Africa and around Indonesia. The Indonesian convection maximum is unstable due to a lack of a stabilizing land mass; this is the root cause of the El Ni?o/La Ni?a inter-annual variation with a global pattern of teleconnected variations through the general Walker circulation. Since 2000 a change in global dynamics seems to have occurred. There was a general strengthening of La Ni?a coinciding with a ‘break in global temperature rise’ and with an ‘eastern dimming’ i.e. an increase of aerosols over Asia. There is a resemblance to the period of ‘western dimming’ from 1945 to 1980 and a contrast with the period of global temperature rise and El Ni?o strengthening from 1980 to 2000. It is of paramount importance that the suspected link between the eastern dimming the strengthening of La Ni?a and the break in global temperature rise is thoroughly investigated. This can best be done by a move of a satellite of the Meteosat Second Generation (MSG) series over the Indian Ocean. MSG provides diurnally resolved measurements of the key variables of the ERB clouds and aerosols and of the auxiliary variables of Sea Surface Temperature (SST) and static stability.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

''Measuring the Costs of Climate Change Policies''  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Studies of the costs of climate change policies have utilized a variety of measures or metrics for summarizing costs. The leading economic models have utilized GNP, GDP, the ''area under a marginal cost curve,'' the discounted present value of consumption, and a welfare measure taken directly from the utility function of the model's representative agent (the ''Equivalent Variation''). Even when calculated using a single model, these metrics do not necessarily give similar magnitudes of costs or even rank policies consistently. This paper discusses in non-technical terms the economic concepts lying behind each concept, the theoretical basis for expecting each measure to provide a consistent ranking of policies, and the reasons why different measures provide different rankings. It identifies a method of calculating the ''Equivalent Variation'' as theoretically superior to the other cost metrics in ranking policies. When regulators put forward new economic or regulatory policies, there is a need to compare the costs and benefits of these new policies to existing policies and other alternatives to determine which policy is most cost-effective. For command and control policies, it is quite difficult to compute costs, but for more market-based policies, economists have had a great deal of success employing general equilibrium models to assess a policy's costs. Not all cost measures, however, arrive at the same ranking. Furthermore, cost measures can produce contradictory results for a specific policy. These problems make it difficult for a policy-maker to determine the best policy. For a cost measures to be of value, one would like to be confident of two things. First one wants to be sure whether the policy is a winner or loser. Second, one wants to be confident that a measure produces the correct policy ranking. That is, one wants to have confidence in a policy measure's ability to correctly rank policies from most beneficial to most harmful. This paper analyzes empirically these two properties of different costs measures as they pertain to assessing the costs of the carbon abatement policies, especially the Kyoto Protocol, under alternative assumptions about implementation.

Montgomery, W. D.; Smith, A. E.; Biggar, S. L.; Bernstein, P.M.

2003-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

65

Research on Factors Relating to Density and Climate Change | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Research on Factors Relating to Density and Climate Change Research on Factors Relating to Density and Climate Change Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Research on Factors Relating to Density and Climate Change Agency/Company /Organization: National Association of Home Builders Focus Area: Multi-sector Impact Evaluation Topics: Policy Impacts Resource Type: Reports, Journal Articles, & Tools Website: www.nahb.org/fileUpload_details.aspx?contentID=139993 This document talks about the increase residential density, primarily on the grounds that it will reduce vehicle miles traveled,a measure that is closely related to the GHG emissions from driving. References Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Research_on_Factors_Relating_to_Density_and_Climate_Change&oldid=515031"

66

The Cloud Project Climate Research with Accelerators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The current understanding of climate change in the in- dustrial age is that it is predominantly caused by anthro- pogenic greenhouse gases, with relatively small natural contributions due to solar irradiance and volcanoes. How- ever, palaeoclimatic reconstructions show that the climate has frequently varied on 100-year time scales during the Holocene (last 10 kyr) by amounts comparable to the present warming—and yet the mechanism is not under- stood. Estimated changes of solar irradiance on these time scales are too small to account for the climate observations. This raises the question of whether cosmic rays, which are modulated by the solar wind, may be directly affect- ing the climate, providing an effective indirect solar forcing mechanism. Indeed recent satellite observations—although disputed—suggest that cosmic rays may affect clouds un- der certain conditions. However, given the many sources of variability in the atmosphere and the lack of control of the cosmic ray flux, demonstrating overall ca...

Kirkby, Jasper

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

Rise of interdisciplinary research on climate  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...professional meteorology program at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. After his...Mandans,” remarked J. A. Eddy, a solar physicist who took up climate studies...An astrophysicist studying changes in solar energy, a geochemist studying the movements...

Spencer Weart

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

CLIMATE RESEARCH Vol. 52: 6376, 2012  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, today, climate change is a much more complex issue than it was be- fore the industrial revolution, due mainly to human activities, such as the burning of fossil fuels, industrial processes, mining activities

Kurnaz, Levent

69

RESEARCH ARTICLE Climate and interrelated tree regeneration drivers in mixed  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

RESEARCH ARTICLE Climate and interrelated tree regeneration drivers in mixed temperate regeneration layer composition is driven by numerous interrelated and covarying biotic and abiotic Electronic and strongly affects understory processes and properties including nutrient availabil- ity, seedbed conditions

Minnesota, University of

70

Nature Climate Change features Los Alamos forest research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Nature Climate Change Features Forest Research Nature Climate Change Features Forest Research Nature Climate Change features Los Alamos forest research The print issue features as its cover story the tree-stress research of LANL scientist A. Park Williams and partners from the U.S. Geological Survey, University of Arizona and several other organizations. February 27, 2013 Burned trees in the Jemez Mountains of New Mexico after the 2011 Las Conchas fire. Image by Craig D. Allen, USGS. Burned trees in the Jemez Mountains of New Mexico after the 2011 Las Conchas fire. Image by Craig D. Allen, USGS. Contact Nancy Ambrosiano Communications Office (505) 667-0471 Email New print edition of journal tags tree-stress project for cover story LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Feb. 27, 2013-The print issue of the journal Nature Climate Change released this week features as its cover story the

71

Charter for the ARM Climate Research Facility Science Board  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of the ARM Science Board is to promote the Nation’s scientific enterprise by ensuring that the best quality science is conducted at the DOE’s User Facility known as the ARM Climate Research Facility. The goal of the User Facility is to serve scientific researchers by providing unique data and tools to facilitate scientific applications for improving understanding and prediction of climate science.

Ferrell, W

2013-03-08T23:59:59.000Z

72

ARM Climate Research Facility | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Research » Climate and Research » Climate and Environmental Sciences Division (CESD) » ARM Climate Research Facility Biological and Environmental Research (BER) BER Home About Research Research Abstracts Searchable Archive of BER Highlights External link Biological Systems Science Division (BSSD) Climate and Environmental Sciences Division (CESD) ARM Climate Research Facility Atmospheric System Research (ASR) Program Data Management Earth System Modeling (ESM) Program William R. Wiley Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory (EMSL) Integrated Assessment of Global Climate Change Regional & Global Climate Modeling (RGCM) Program Subsurface Biogeochemical Research Terrestrial Carbon Sequestration External link Terrestrial Ecosystem Science Facilities Science Highlights Benefits of BER

73

ARRA-funded Cloud Radar Development for the Department of Energy's ARM Climate Research Facility  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Measurement (ARM) Climate Research Facility, a DOE scientific user facility, for fundamental research, the DOE's Pacific Northwest National Laboratory recently funded ProSensing Inc. of Amherst, Mass. to build Flight Center to build a scanning cloud radar based on the DOE-funded design. We are also competing

74

Rise of interdisciplinary research on climate  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...climatologists about the largest floods that could be expected according...only to suffer 50-year floods in each of the next 3 years...what factors contributed to floods, and so forth (32...at a 1965 symposium held in Boulder, Colorado, on “Causes of Climate...

Spencer Weart

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Rise of interdisciplinary research on climate  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...climatologists about the largest floods that could be expected...only to suffer 50-year floods in each of the next 3 years...factors contributed to floods, and so forth (32...1965 symposium held in Boulder, Colorado, on “Causes of Climate Change...

Spencer Weart

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Rise of interdisciplinary research on climate  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...climatologists about the largest floods that could be expected according...only to suffer 50-year floods in each of the next 3 years...what factors contributed to floods, and so forth (32...symposium held in Boulder, Colorado, on “Causes of Climate Change...

Spencer Weart

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Quality Assurance of ARM Program Climate Research Facility Data  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report documents key aspects of the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Climate Research Facility (ACRF) data quality assurance program as it existed in 2008. The performance of ACRF instruments, sites, and data systems is measured in terms of the availability, usability, and accessibility of the data to a user. First, the data must be available to users; that is, the data must be collected by instrument systems, processed, and delivered to a central repository in a timely manner. Second, the data must be usable; that is, the data must be inspected and deemed of sufficient quality for scientific research purposes, and data users must be able to readily tell where there are known problems in the data. Finally, the data must be accessible; that is, data users must be able to easily find, obtain, and work with the data from the central repository. The processes described in this report include instrument deployment and calibration; instrument and facility maintenance; data collection and processing infrastructure; data stream inspection and assessment; the roles of value-added data processing and field campaigns in specifying data quality and haracterizing the basic measurement; data archival, display, and distribution; data stream reprocessing; and engineering and operations management processes and procedures. Future directions in ACRF data quality assurance also are presented.

RA Peppler; KE Kehoe; KL Sonntag; CP Bahrmann; SJ Richardson; SW Christensen; RA McCord; DJ Doty; R Wagener; RC Eagan; JC Lijegren; BW Orr; DL Sisterson; TD Halter; NN Keck; CN Long; MC Macduff; JH Mather; RC Perez; JW Voyles; MD Ivey; ST Moore; DL Nitschke; BD Perkins; DD Turner

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Building America Residential System Research Results: Achieving 30% Whole House Energy Savings Level in Cold Climates  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Building America program conducts the system research required to reduce risks associated with the design and construction of homes that use an average of 30% to 90% less total energy for all residential energy uses than the Building America Research Benchmark, including research on homes that will use zero net energy on annual basis. To measure the program's progress, annual research milestones have been established for five major climate regions in the United States. The system research activities required to reach each milestone take from 3 to 5 years to complete and include research in individual test houses, studies in pre-production prototypes, and research studies with lead builders that provide early examples that the specified energy savings level can be successfully achieved on a production basis. This report summarizes research results for the 30% energy savings level and demonstrates that lead builders can successfully provide 30% homes in Cold Climates on a cost-neutral basis.

Building Industry Research Alliance (BIRA); Building Science Consortium (BSC); Consortium for Advanced Residential Buildings (CARB); Florida Solar Energy Center (FSEC); IBACOS; National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL)

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Research on Greenhouse-Gas-Induced Climate Change  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

During the 5 years of NSF grant ATM 95-22681 (Research on Greenhouse-Gas-Induced Climate Change, $1,605,000, 9/15/1995 to 8/31/2000) we have performed work which we are described in this report under three topics: (1) Development and Application of Atmosphere, Ocean, Photochemical-Transport, and Coupled Models; (2) Analysis Methods and Estimation; and (3) Climate-Change Scenarios, Impacts and Policy.

Schlesinger, M. E.

2001-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

80

Trends of measured climate forcing agents  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...reflective aerosols and soil dust (?1.4 ± 0...possible additional downward pressure caused by climate concerns...escaping from landfills, coal mining, oil and gas...product of incomplete combustion, whereas O 3 is produced...CH 4 (30). Improved combustion technologies can reduce...

James E. Hansen; Makiko Sato

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "measurement climate research" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

1Hadley Centre for Climate Prediction and Research Workshop on Advances in the Use of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1Hadley Centre for Climate Prediction and Research Workshop on Advances in the Use of Historical Marine Climate Data Boulder, CO, USA, Jan 29-Feb1 2002 Workshop Goals #12;2Hadley Centre for Climate Prediction and Research Matthew F. Maury about 1853 #12;3Hadley Centre for Climate Prediction and Research

82

NREL: Climate Neutral Research Campuses - Commuter Programs  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

plans. Depending on the number of commuters and the distances traveled, greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from commuting can attribute 10%-30% of a research campus' baseline. The...

83

NICCR - National Institute for Climate Change Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Contact Us Contact Us For research in the Coastal Center: Torbjörn Törnqvist Tulane University (504) 314-2221 tor@tulane.edu For research in the Northeastern Region: Ken Davis Pennsylvania State University (814) 863-8601 davis@met.psu.edu For research in the Southeastern Region: Rob Jackson Duke University (919) 660-7408 jackson@duke.edu For research in the Midwestern Region: Andy Burton Michigan Technological University (906) 487-2396 ajburton@mtu.edu For research in the Western Region: Bruce Hungate Northern Arizona University (928) 523-0925 bruce.hungate@nau.edu For general information and eligibility: Jeff Amthor U.S. Department of Energy (301) 903-2507 jeff.amthor@science.doe.gov For proposal and grant related questions: Sally Evans NICCR National Office POB 6077 Northern Arizona University

84

DOE/SC-ARM-12-023 ARM Climate Research Facility AnnuAl RepoRt - 2012  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

2-023 2-023 ARM Climate Research Facility AnnuAl RepoRt - 2012 New Climate Measurement Sites h ?QOPQK?* ? * - " ?q " *"- ?l *?G qlH?b " * ?q ?e " "* ? ? - " ?*"-? "?- *"- ? "* Y? ? "? ql?l- " ?e " "* ? - ? ? * ? - *? *?n " *- K? K? ? ? "? ? "* ?- ?f "- ?h ? " ?* ? - M?? ? "? "* ? ? ?*-? ?- *"- ? ?* ? ?- ?QOPRK? ?* ?"" ? -" ? ql ? " *" ? "* ?- ? *? " * ?- *"- ? " "*" ? - ?* ?"- M??o - - ?" * * *"- ? - ?* ?*"-? "* ?" Y

85

Ecology and Climate: Research Strategies and Implications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...typically use grid squares T...and at the National Center for...less-polluting energy systems...efforts require integration of biological...Warming (National Academy Press...Eds., Renewable Energy: Sources...Resources, National Research...

Terry L. Root; Stephen H. Schneider

1995-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

86

CLIMATE RESEARCH Vol. 50: 203214, 2011  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, PR China 2 National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, Colorado 80307, USA 3 Jiangmen flood and north drought' (SF/ND) phase of EOF 2, the western Pacific subtropical high (WPSH Asian summer monsoon. Variations in Meiyu rainfall often lead to summer floods and drought over East

Dai, Aiguo

87

Climate change mitigation through forestry measures: potentials, options, practice  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

properties of GHG balances in forestry systems (1 slide) · The current GHG balance and potentials at different scales (5 slides) · Modelling forest GHG balances and impacts of measures (2 slides;18 May 2010 Climate change mitigation and forestry measures GHG dynamics in forest systems · Emissions

88

TRANSfer - Towards climate-friendly transport technologies and measures |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

TRANSfer - Towards climate-friendly transport technologies and measures TRANSfer - Towards climate-friendly transport technologies and measures Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: TRANSfer - Towards climate-friendly transport technologies and measures Agency/Company /Organization: GIZ Focus Area: Governance - Planning - Decision-Making Structure Topics: Best Practices Resource Type: Reports, Journal Articles, & Tools Website: transferproject.org/index.php/hb During the 3-year project, project partners will develop the online handbook 'Navigating Transport NAMAs' with practical advice on how to develop and implement a mitigation action in the transport sector. The handbook will consist of a generic part with general information on transport NAMAs and a number of case studies which will be based on south-south networks of countries and practical implementation within the

89

NICCR - National Institute for Climate Change Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Williams Abstract Williams Abstract Direct and indirect effects of warming, elevated CO2 and non-native plant invasion on carbon and water cycling in semiarid grassland Principle Investigator: David G. Williams, University of Wyoming Co-Investigators: Elise Pendall, University of Wyoming Abstract:: Our proposed work builds on the Prairie Heating and CO2 Enrichment (PHACE) experiment underway in semiarid grassland of Wyoming. We will evaluate relative sensitivities of carbon and water cycles to elevated CO2 and temperature, and non-native plant invasion, separately and in combination, and distinguish direct from indirect effects of these factors on ecosystem physiology. Location: The PHACE experiment is being conducted at the USDA-ARS High Plains Grasslands Research Station, located near Cheyenne, WY. The ecosystem is a northern mixed-grass prairie consisting of C3 and C4 grasses, C3 forbs and C3 sub-shrubs. Laboratory analyses will be conducted at the University of Wyoming in Laramie.

90

NICCR - National Institute for Climate Change Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Pre-proposal Information Pre-proposal Information Preproposals are REQUIRED. Submission of preproposals is now closed. Notice: The 2010 RFP was updated on March 21st, 2009 to remove any reference to out-year funding. This year's program is for one-year grants only. Download the RFP for 2009/2010 in MS Word format Download the RFP for 2009/2010 in Adobe PDF format You will need Adobe Acobat Reader or Microsoft Word to read the RFP. Preproposals are due 5:00 PM Pacific Standard Time, May 15th, 2009. If your preproposal is accepted, full proposals will be due 5:00 PM Pacific Standard Time, August 14st, 2009. Research project start date is April 1, 2010. Preproposals must be submitted electronically to the NICCR web site (click "Submit Preproposal" below) using the official NICCR Preproposal Template which is a Microsoft Word document.

91

Research Facility Climate change and environmental stresses placed by humans on plants,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

among biological organisms in air, soil and water, particularly in light of climate and environmental, biodiversity, biotechnologies in medicine and environmental risk management · Provides researchersResearch Facility Climate change and environmental stresses placed by humans on plants, animals

Denham, Graham

92

Country level risk measures of climate-related natural disasters and implications for adaptation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to climate change Nick Brooks and W. Neil Adger January 2003 Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research for adaptation to climate change Nick Brooks and W. Neil Adger Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research are nearly all developing countries with many of them showing a high degree of consistency in their rankings

Watson, Andrew

93

DOE Designated User Facilities Multiple Laboratories * ARM Climate Research Facility  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Designated User Facilities Designated User Facilities Multiple Laboratories * ARM Climate Research Facility Argonne National Laboratory * Advanced Photon Source (APS) * Electron Microscopy Center for Materials Research * Argonne Tandem Linac Accelerator System (ATLAS) * Center for Nanoscale Materials (CNM) * Argonne Leadership Computing Facility (ALCF) * Brookhaven National Laboratory * National Synchrotron Light Source (NSLS) * Accelerator Test Facility (ATF) * Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) * Center for Functional Nanomaterials (CFN) * National Synchrotron Light Source II (NSLS-II ) (under construction) Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory * Fermilab Accelerator Complex Idaho National Laboratory * Advanced Test Reactor ** * Wireless National User Facility (WNUF)

94

THE IMPACT OF THERMAL ENGINEERING RESEARCH ON GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Global climate change is recognized by many people around the world as being one of the most pressing issues facing our society today. The thermal engineering research community clearly plays an important role in addressing this critical issue, but what kind of thermal engineering research is, or will be, most impactful? In other words, in what directions should thermal engineering research be targeted in order to derive the greatest benefit with respect to global climate change? To answer this question we consider the potential reduction in greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, coupled with potential economic impacts, resulting from thermal engineering research. Here a new model framework is introduced that allows a technological, sector-by-sector analysis of GHG emissions avoidance. For each sector, we consider the maximum reduction in CO2 emissions due to such research, and the cost effectiveness of the new efficient technologies. The results are normalized on a country-by-country basis, where we consider the USA, the European Union, China, India, and Australia as representative countries or regions. Among energy supply-side technologies, improvements in coal-burning power generation are seen as having the most beneficial CO2 and economic impacts. The one demand-side technology considered, residential space cooling, offers positive but limited impacts. The proposed framework can be extended to include additional technologies and impacts, such as water consumption.

Phelan, Patrick [Arizona State University; Abdelaziz, Omar [ORNL; Otanicar, Todd [University of Tulsa; Phelan, Bernadette [Phelan Research Solutions, Inc.; Prasher, Ravi [Arizona State University; Taylor, Robert [University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia; Tyagi, Himanshu [Indian Institute of Technology Ropar, India

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

NREL: Climate Neutral Research Campuses - Combined Heat and Power  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Combined Heat and Power Combined Heat and Power Combined heat and power (CHP) systems on research campuses can reduce climate impact by 15% to 30% and yield a positive financial return, because they recover heat that is typically wasted in the generation of electric power and deliver that energy in a useful form. The following links go to sections that describe how CHP may fit into your climate action plans. Considerations Sample Project Related Links CHP systems can take advantage of large central heating plants and steam distribution systems that are available on many campuses. CHP systems may be new at a particular facility, but the process and equipment involve well-established industrial technologies. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency CHP Partnership offers technical information and resources that

96

Berkeley Lab Researchers Prepare U.S. Climate Community for 100-Gigabit  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Researchers Prepare U.S. Climate Community for 100-Gigabit Data Transfers Researchers Prepare U.S. Climate Community for 100-Gigabit Data Transfers Berkeley Lab Researchers Prepare U.S. Climate Community for 100-Gigabit Data Transfers October 30, 2009 This 3d plot of the vorticity isosurfaces was developed using the VisIt visualization tool, for the Global Cloud Resolving Model research group. This work was performed in collaboration with Prabhat at NERSC. As researchers around the world tackle the issue of global climate change, they are both generating and sharing increasingly large amounts of data. This increased collaboration helps climate scientists better understand what is happening and evaluate the effectiveness of possible mitigations. The newest project, called Climate 100, will help the research community effectively use the planned 100-gigabit-per-second networks. Climate 100,

97

Climate researcher McDowell receives Fulbright Scholar Award  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Fulbright Scholar Award Fulbright Scholar Award Climate researcher McDowell receives Fulbright Scholar Award The Fulbright Program is designed to "increase mutual understanding between the people of the United States and the people of other countries." August 31, 2010 Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials. Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials.

98

A Mathematical Perspective For Software Measures Research  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Mathematical Perspective For Software Measures Research Austin C. Melton y , David A. Gustafsonz software measures research. In the prevailing paradigm for the validation of software measures there is a fundamental assumption that the sets of measured documents are ordered, and that measures should report

Bieman, James M.

99

NREL: Photovoltaics Research - Measurements and Characterization...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Measurements and Characterization Photovoltaics Research The Measurements and Characterization group at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory and the National Center for...

100

MIDWESTERN REGIONAL CENTER OF THE DOE NATIONAL INSTITUTE FOR CLIMATIC CHANGE RESEARCH  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The goal of NICCR (National Institute for Climatic Change Research) was to mobilize university researchers, from all regions of the country, in support of the climatic change research objectives of DOE/BER. The NICCR Midwestern Regional Center (MRC) supported work in the following states: North Dakota, South Dakota, Nebraska, Kansas, Oklahoma, Minnesota, Iowa, Missouri, Wisconsin, Illinois, Michigan, Indiana, and Ohio. The MRC of NICCR was able to support nearly $8 million in climatic change research, including $6,671,303 for twenty projects solicited and selected by the MRC over five requests for proposals (RFPs) and $1,051,666 for the final year of ten projects from the discontinued DOE NIGEC (National Institute for Global Environmental Change) program. The projects selected and funded by the MRC resulted in 135 peer-reviewed publications and supported the training of 25 PhD students and 23 Masters students. Another 36 publications were generated by the final year of continuing NIGEC projects supported by the MRC. The projects funded by the MRC used a variety of approaches to answer questions relevant to the DOE’s climate change research program. These included experiments that manipulated temperature, moisture and other global change factors; studies that sought to understand how the distribution of species and ecosystems might change under future climates; studies that used measurements and modeling to examine current ecosystem fluxes of energy and mass and those that would exist under future conditions; and studies that synthesized existing data sets to improve our understanding of the effects of climatic change on terrestrial ecosystems. In all of these efforts, the MRC specifically sought to identify and quantify responses of terrestrial ecosystems that were not well understood or not well modeled by current efforts. The MRC also sought to better understand and model important feedbacks between terrestrial ecosystems, atmospheric chemistry, and regional and global climate systems. The broad variety of projects the MRC has supported gave us a unique opportunity to greatly improve our ability to predict the future health, composition and function of important agricultural and natural terrestrial ecosystems within the Midwestern Region.

Burton, Andrew J. [Michigan Technological University

2014-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "measurement climate research" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Developing public awareness for climate change: Support from international research programs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Developing regional and local public awareness and interest in global climate change has been mandated as an important step for increasing the ability for setting policy and managing the response to climate change. Research programs frequently have resources that could help reach regional or national goals for increasing the capacity for responding to climate change. To obtain these resources and target recipients appropriately, research investigators need clear statements of national and regional strategies or priorities as a guide. One such program, the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program, has a requirement to develop local or regional education enrichment programs at their observational sites in the central US, the tropical western Pacific (TWP), and on the north slope of alaska. ARM's scientific goals will result in a flow of technical data and as well as technical expertise that can assist with regional needs to increase the technical resources needed to address climate change issues. Details of the ARM education program in the Pacific will be presented.

Barnes, F.J.; Clements, W.E.

1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

102

Leveraging The Open Provenance Model as a Multi-Tier Model for Global Climate Research  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Global climate researchers rely upon many forms of sensor data and analytical methods to help profile subtle changes in climate conditions. The U.S. Department of Energy's Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) program provides researchers with curated Value Added Products (VAPs) resulting from continuous sensor data streams, data fusion, and modeling. The ARM operations staff and software development teams (data producers) rely upon a number of techniques to ensure strict quality control (QC) and quality assurance (QA) standards are maintained. Climate researchers (data consumers) are highly interested in obtaining as much provenance (data quality, data pedigree) as possible to establish data trustworthiness. Currently all the provenance is not easily attainable or identifiable without significant efforts to extract and piece together information from configuration files, log files, codes, and status information from ARM databases. The need for a formalized approach to managing provenance became paramount with the planned addition of 120 new instruments, new data products, and data collection scaling to half a terabyte daily. Last year our research identified the need for a multi-tier provenance model to enable the data consumer easy access to the provenance for their data. This year we are leveraging the Open Provenance Model as a foundational construct that serves the needs of both the VAP producers and consumers, we are organizing the provenance in different tiers of granularity to model VAP lineage, causality at the component level within a VAP, and the causality for each time step as samples are being assembled within the VAP. This paper shares our implementation strategy and how the ARM operations staff and the climate research community can greatly benefit from this approach to more effectively assess and quantify VAP provenance.

Stephan, Eric G.; Halter, Todd D.; Ermold, Brian D.

2010-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

103

Ethical aspects of the mitigation obstruction argument against climate engineering research  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...December 28, 2014 research-article Articles...altering the Earth's energy budget compiled...altering the Earth's energy budget . Many commentators...climate engineering research might lead policy-makers...social costs. This abstract discussion does...climate engineering research would actually justify...

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

White House Fellows 25 July 2007ESSLESSL // Climate Change Research at NCAR  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

White House Fellows 25 July 2007ESSLESSL // Climate Change Research at NCAR J. J. HackJ. J. Hack USABoulder, Colorado USA #12;White House Fellows 25 July 2007ESSLESSL // Climate and Global Dynamics Division a basis for prediction of weather and climate #12;White House Fellows 25 July 2007ESSLESSL // Themes

105

DOE/SC-ARM-13-023 ARM Climate Research Facility ANNUAL REPORT...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Facility ANNUAL REPORT - 2013 ARM Climate Research Facility Through the ARM Facility, DOE funded the development of several permanent, highly instrumented ground stations for...

106

U.S. Global Change Research Program publishes "National Climate Assessment"  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

U.S. Global Change Research Program publishes "National Climate Assessment" U.S. Global Change Research Program publishes "National Climate Assessment" report for United States Home > Groups > OpenEI Community Central Graham7781's picture Submitted by Graham7781(2002) Super contributor 18 January, 2013 - 15:46 climate change drought OpenEI sea level rise temperatures U.S. Global Climate Change program The U.S. Global Change Research Program, established under the Department of Commerce in 2010, and partnered with NOAA, released an extensive National Climate Assessment report, projecting future climate changes in the United States under different scenarios. The 1,200 page report highlights some rather grim findings about the future of climate change. Here are 5 of the more disconcerting graphics from the report: 1. U.S. Average Temperatures

107

High-Latitude Ocean and Sea Ice Surface Fluxes: Challenges for Climate Research Mark A. Bourassa1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, the Wilkins Ice Shelf collapsed equally quickly (Scambos et al. 2009). Ocean heat content is rising rapidlyHigh-Latitude Ocean and Sea Ice Surface Fluxes: Challenges for Climate Research Mark A. Bourassa1 conditions for the measurement and estimation of air­sea and ice fluxes, limiting understanding of related

Gille, Sarah T.

108

High-Latitude Ocean and Sea Ice Surface Fluxes: Challenges for Climate Research1 Mark A. Bourassa1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

), and in 2008, the Wilkins Ice Shelf51 collapsed equally quickly (Scambos et al. 2009). Ocean heat content1 High-Latitude Ocean and Sea Ice Surface Fluxes: Challenges for Climate Research1 2 Mark A conditions for the measurement and estimation of air­27 sea and ice fluxes, limiting understanding of related

Gille, Sarah T.

109

DOE, USDA, and NSF Launch Joint Climate Change Prediction Research Program  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

DOE, USDA, and NSF Launch Joint Climate Change Prediction Research DOE, USDA, and NSF Launch Joint Climate Change Prediction Research Program DOE, USDA, and NSF Launch Joint Climate Change Prediction Research Program March 22, 2010 - 12:00am Addthis Washington, DC - The U.S. Departments of Energy and Agriculture and the National Science Foundation (NSF) announced the launch of a joint research program to produce high-resolution models for predicting climate change and its resulting impacts. Called Decadal and Regional Climate Prediction Using Earth System Models (EaSM), the program is designed to generate models that -- significantly more powerful than existing models -- can help decision-makers develop adaptation strategies addressing climate change. These models will be developed through a joint, interagency solicitation

110

New Climate Research Centers Forecast Changes and Challenges  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Two new observation stations -– in Alaska and the Azore islands -– should reduce uncertainties and improve global climate models.

111

Biological and Environmental Research: Climate and Environmental Sciences Division: U.S./European Workshop on Climate Change Challenges and Observations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The workshop aimed to identify outstanding climate change science questions and the observational strategies for addressing them. The scientific focus was clouds, aerosols, and precipitation, and the required ground- and aerial-based observations. The workshop findings will be useful input for setting priorities within the Department of Energy (DOE) and the participating European centers. This joint workshop was envisioned as the first step in enhancing the collaboration among these climate research activities needed to better serve the science community.

Mather, James [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory] [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory; McCord, Raymond [Oak Ridge National Laboratory] [Oak Ridge National Laboratory; Sisterson, Doug [Argonne National Laboratory] [Argonne National Laboratory; Voyles, Jimmy [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory] [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

2012-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

112

Climate Change Mitigation Through Land-Use Measures in the Agriculture and  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Climate Change Mitigation Through Land-Use Measures in the Agriculture and Climate Change Mitigation Through Land-Use Measures in the Agriculture and Forestry Sectors Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Climate Change Mitigation Through Land-Use Measures in the Agriculture and Forestry Sectors Agency/Company /Organization: International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD) Sector: Energy, Land, Climate Focus Area: Forestry, Agriculture Topics: Policies/deployment programs Resource Type: Publications Website: www.iisd.org/pdf/2009/climate_change_mitigation_land_use.pdf References: Climate Change Mitigation Through Land-Use Measures in the Agriculture and Forestry Sectors[1] Overview "This paper reviews the status of the post-2012 negotiations on climate change mitigation through land-use measures in the agriculture and forestry

113

Sandia National Laboratories: CRF Researchers Measure Reaction...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Science magazine. Sandia combustion researchers Craig Taatjes and David Osborn discuss data found from the detection and measurement of Criegee intermediate reactions. The...

114

ARCADE - Atmospheric Research for Climate and Astroparticle DEtection  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The characterization of the optical properties of the atmosphere in the near UV, in particular the tropospheric aerosol stratification, clouds optical depth and spatial distribution are common in the field of atmospheric physics, due to aerosol effect on climate, and also in cosmic rays physics, for a correct reconstruction of energy and longitudinal development of showers. The goal of the ARCADE project is the comparison of the aerosol attenuation measurements obtained with the typical techniques used in cosmic ray experiments (side-scattering measurement, elastic LIDAR and Raman LIDAR) in order to assess the systematic errors affecting each method providing simultaneous observations of the same air mass with different techniques. For this purpose we projected a LIDAR that is now under construction: it will use a 355 nm Nd:YAG laser and will collect the elastic and the N2 Raman back-scattered light. For the side-scattering measurement we will use the Atmospheric Monitoring Telescope, a facility owned by the ...

Buscemi, M; Cilmo, M; Coco, M; Ferrarese, S; Guarino, F; Tonachini, A S; Valore, L; Wiencke, L

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Climate Change Mitigation Through Land-Use Measures in the Agriculture...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

and Forestry Sectors Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Climate Change Mitigation Through Land-Use Measures in the Agriculture and Forestry...

116

UAVs in climate research: The ARM Unmanned Aerospace Vehicle Program  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the last year, a Department of Energy/Strategic Environmental Research and Development Program project known as ``ARM-UAV`` has made important progress in developing and demonstrating the utility of unmanned aerospace vehicles as platforms for scientific measurements. Recent accomplishments include a series of flights using an atmospheric research payload carried by a General Atomics Gnat UAV at Edwards AFB, California, and over ground instruments located in north-central Oklahoma. The reminder of this discussion will provide background on the program and describe the recent flights.

Bolton, W.R.

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

RESEARCH ARTICLE Response of an aridland ecosystem to interannual climate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on ecosystem structure and function. In the south- western US, interactions among regional climate drivers (e drivers strongly affect the distribution and composition of ecosystems worldwide. Indeed, potential to which increased climate variability will affect ecosystem processes requires long-term analysis

118

Mexico-Energy and Climate Change Research Program | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Energy and Climate Change Research Program Energy and Climate Change Research Program Jump to: navigation, search Name Mexico Energy and Climate Change Research Program Agency/Company /Organization France Agency of Development (AFD) Partner Mexico National Institute of Ecology and Climate Change (INECC) Sector Climate, Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy, Energy Efficiency Topics Low emission development planning Website http://www.afd.fr/home Country Mexico Central America References EU Development Days Presentation[1] The main aim of this program is to assist the country in the evaluation of short-term costs and long-term impacts associated with the implementation of public policies related to energy transition. Topics of study include: Efficient use of energy resources Maximizing impacts of investments toward renewable energy

119

Department of Energy Announces $7 Million in Funding for Climate Research  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Department of Energy Announces $7 Million in Funding for Climate Department of Energy Announces $7 Million in Funding for Climate Research Field Studies Department of Energy Announces $7 Million in Funding for Climate Research Field Studies October 23, 2008 - 4:14pm Addthis -- A Cloud is a Cloud is a Cloud - or is it? -- WASHINGTON, DC -- The U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of Science has selected four proposals with a total funding of $7 million, to conduct climate research field studies in 2010. Together, these field studies will obtain data from various cloud types - cirrus, marine and mixed-phase (ice and water) - to help improve the computer models that simulate climate change. As atmospheric scientists will attest, not all clouds are created equal. Solar radiation interacts differently with various clouds depending

120

Department of Energy Announces $7 Million in Funding for Climate Research  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

$7 Million in Funding for Climate $7 Million in Funding for Climate Research Field Studies Department of Energy Announces $7 Million in Funding for Climate Research Field Studies October 23, 2008 - 4:14pm Addthis -- A Cloud is a Cloud is a Cloud - or is it? -- WASHINGTON, DC -- The U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of Science has selected four proposals with a total funding of $7 million, to conduct climate research field studies in 2010. Together, these field studies will obtain data from various cloud types - cirrus, marine and mixed-phase (ice and water) - to help improve the computer models that simulate climate change. As atmospheric scientists will attest, not all clouds are created equal. Solar radiation interacts differently with various clouds depending on the clouds' thickness, water content and particle sizes and shapes.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "measurement climate research" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Extreme measures : mechanisms driving changes in climate extremes in Australia.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Changes in the frequency and/or severity of extreme climate events have the potential to have profound societal and ecological impacts and observations suggest that in… (more)

Alexander, Lisa Victoria

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Causal Discovery for Climate Research Using Graphical Models  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Causal discovery seeks to recover cause–effect relationships from statistical data using graphical models. One goal of this paper is to provide an accessible introduction to causal discovery methods for climate scientists, with a focus on ...

Imme Ebert-Uphoff; Yi Deng

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

What measures climate? A variety of variables including their variability and extreme values determine climate for  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

climate zones? The sun is the ultimate power source for the climate "machine". The uneven distribution conditions. Typical variables to consider are temperature (maximum, miniumum), precipitation (includes rain, sleet, snow, hail, etc), sunlight/cloudiness, wind, humidity, ice cover, sea temperature, etc... Many

Allan, Richard P.

124

DOE/SC-ARM-13-022 ARM Climate Research Facility The U.S. Department...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

ARM Climate Research Facility The U.S. Department of Energy Management Plan August 2013 Work supported by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Office of...

125

Gordon Research Conference on Radiation & Climate in 2009, July 5 -10  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The 2009 Gordon Research Conference on Radiation and Climate will present cutting-edge research on the outstanding issues in global climate change with focus on the radiative forcing and sensitivity of the climate system and associated physical processes. The Conference will feature a wide range of topics, including grand challenges in radiation and climate, radiative forcing, climate feedbacks, cloud processes in climate system, hydrological cycle in changing climate, absorbing aerosols and Asian monsoon, recent climate changes, and geo-engineering. The invited speakers will present the recent most important advances and future challenges in these areas. The Conference will bring together a collection of leading investigators who are at the forefront of their field, and will provide opportunities for scientists especially junior scientists and graduate students to present their work in poster format and exchange ideas with leaders in the field. The collegial atmosphere of this Conference, with programmed discussion sessions as well as opportunities for informal gatherings in the afternoons and evenings, provides an avenue for scientists from different disciplines to brainstorm and promotes cross-disciplinary collaborations in the various research areas represented.

Quiang Fu

2009-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

126

Cloud Occurrence Frequency at the Barrow, Alaska, ARM Climate Research Facility for 2008 Third Quarter 2009 ARM and Climate Change Prediction Program Metric Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Clouds represent a critical component of the Earth’s atmospheric energy balance as a result of their interactions with solar and terrestrial radiation and a redistribution of heat through convective processes and latent heating. Despite their importance, clouds and the processes that control their development, evolution and lifecycle remain poorly understood. Consequently, the simulation of clouds and their associated feedbacks is a primary source of inter-model differences in equilibrium climate sensitivity. An important step in improving the representation of cloud process simulations is an improved high-resolution observational data set of the cloud systems including their time evolution. The first order quantity needed to understand the important role of clouds is the height of cloud occurrence and how it changes as a function of time. To this end, the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Climate Research Facilities (ACRF) suite of instrumentation has been developed to make the observations required to improve the representation of cloud systems in atmospheric models.

M Jensen; K Johnson; JH Mather

2009-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

127

NREL: Climate Neutral Research Campuses - Analyze Technology Options  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Analyze Technology Options Analyze Technology Options An effective climate action plan follows a portfolio approach and addresses each energy sector on campus. This section outlines how various technology options would fit into a campus climate action plan and provides examples of how others have used these technologies. Links to definitions, technology basics, and references are also provided. Use the Climate Action Planning Tool to identify which options will lead to the most significant reductions in consumption of fossil fuels and in turn meet campus greenhouse gas reduction goals. People and Policy People and Policy Formulate policies that have a long-term effect on energy consumption and identify human behaviors that lower energy use and greenhouse gas emissions. Energy Conservation

128

COLLABORATIVE RESEARCH: TOWARDS ADVANCED UNDERSTANDING AND PREDICTIVE CAPABILITY OF CLIMATE CHANGE IN THE ARCTIC USING A HIGH-RESOLUTION REGIONAL ARCTIC CLIMATE SYSTEM MODEL  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The motivation for this project was to advance the science of climate change and prediction in the Arctic region. Its primary goals were to (i) develop a state-of-the-art Regional Arctic Climate system Model (RACM) including high-resolution atmosphere, land, ocean, sea ice and land hydrology components and (ii) to perform extended numerical experiments using high performance computers to minimize uncertainties and fundamentally improve current predictions of climate change in the northern polar regions. These goals were realized first through evaluation studies of climate system components via one-way coupling experiments. Simulations were then used to examine the effects of advancements in climate component systems on their representation of main physics, time-mean fields and to understand variability signals at scales over many years. As such this research directly addressed some of the major science objectives of the BER Climate Change Research Division (CCRD) regarding the advancement of long-term climate prediction.

Gutowski, William J.

2013-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

129

Planning Bill Nye The Science Guy's Climate Research Lab at Chabot Space  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Planning Bill Nye The Science Guy's Climate Research Lab at Chabot Space Planning Bill Nye The Science Guy's Climate Research Lab at Chabot Space and Science Center Speaker(s): Andrew Anway David Bloom Date: September 24, 2008 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3075 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Allan Chen Sometime in 2009, the Chabot Space and Science Center hopes to debut a new museum exhibition tentatively titled Bill Nye The Science Guy's Climate Research Lab, subtitle, Mission Possible: Reduce the CO2. The interactive show is anchored by science educator Bill Nye the Science Guy, is aimed towards children and families. It will explain the basic science behind climate change, and its potential effects on humans and the rest of the biosphere, while exploring some ways of reducing greenhouse gas emissions, both what we can do now, and advanced technologies that may someday play a

130

China-Energy and Climate Change Research Program | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

China-Energy and Climate Change Research Program China-Energy and Climate Change Research Program Jump to: navigation, search Name China-Energy and Climate Change Research Program Agency/Company /Organization France Agency of Development (AFD) Partner Massachusetts Institute of Technology MIT Sector Climate, Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy, Energy Efficiency Topics Low emission development planning Website http://www.afd.fr/home Country China Eastern Asia References EU Development Days Presentation[1] The main aim of this program is to assist the country in the evaluation of short-term costs and long-term impacts associated with the implementation of public policies related to energy transition. Topics of study include: Efficient use of energy resources Maximizing impacts of investments toward renewable energy

131

South Africa-Energy and Climate Change Research Program | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

South Africa-Energy and Climate Change Research Program South Africa-Energy and Climate Change Research Program Jump to: navigation, search Name South Africa Energy and Climate Change Research Program Agency/Company /Organization France Agency of Development (AFD) Partner International Conference on Electricity Distribution CIRED Sector Climate, Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy, Energy Efficiency Topics Low emission development planning Website http://www.afd.fr/home Country South Africa Southern Africa References EU Development Days Presentation[1] The main aim of this program is to assist the country in the evaluation of short-term costs and long-term impacts associated with the implementation of public policies related to energy transition. Topics of study include: Efficient use of energy resources Maximizing impacts of investments toward renewable energy

132

NREL: Measurements and Characterization - Research Staff  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Research Staff Research Staff The Measurements and Characterization (M&C) Group Manager and each of our research section supervisors are listed below, followed by a complete M&C listing of research staff. Managers and Supervisors Pete Sheldon, Group Manager email: pete.sheldon@nrel.gov Tel: 303-384-6533 Mowafak Al-Jassim, Analytical Microscopy email: mowafak_aljassim@nrel.gov Tel: 303-384-6602 Keith Emery, Device Performance email: keith.emery@nrel.gov Tel: 303-880-2913 Dean Levi, Electro-Optical Characterization email: dean.levi@nrel.gov Tel: 303-384-6605 Pete Sheldon, Surface Analysis email: pete.sheldon@nrel.gov Tel: 303-384-6533 Staff ANDERBERG, Allan Team: Device Performance Expertise: Trained operator on the Spire, SOMS; ISO 17025 certified on LACSS performing I-V module measurements.

133

Climate Models from the Joint Global Change Research Institute  

DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

Staff at the Joint Institute develop and use models to simulate the economic and physical impacts of global change policy options. The GCAM, for example, gives analysts insight into how regional and national economies might respond to climate change mitigation policies including carbon taxes, carbon trading, and accelerated deployment of energy technology. Three available models are Phoenix, GCAM, and EPIC. Phoenix is a global, dynamic recursive, computable general equilibrium model that is solved in five-year time steps from 2005 through 2100 and divides the world into twenty-four regions. Each region includes twenty-six industrial sectors. Particular attention is paid to energy production in Phoenix. There are nine electricity-generating technologies (coal, natural gas, oil, biomass, nuclear, hydro, wind, solar, and geothermal) and four additional energy commodities: crude oil, refined oil products, coal, and natural gas. Phoenix is designed to answer economic questions related to international climate and energy policy and international trade. Phoenix replaces the Second Generation Model (SGM) that was formerly used for general equilibrium analysis at JGCRI. GCAM is the Global Change Assessment Model, a partial equilibrium model of the world with 14 regions. GCAM operates in 5 year time steps from 1990 to 2095 and is designed to examine long-term changes in the coupled energy, agriculture/land-use, and climate system. GCAM includes a 151-region agriculture land-use module and a reduced form carbon cycle and climate module in addition to its incorporation of demographics, resources, energy production and consumption. The model has been used extensively in a number of assessment and modeling activities such as the Energy Modeling Forum (EMF), the U.S. Climate Change Technology Program, and the U.S. Climate Change Science Program and IPCC assessment reports. GCAM is now freely available as a community model. The Environmental Policy Integrated Climate (EPIC) Model is a process-based agricultural systems model composed of simulation components for weather, hydrology, nutrient cycling, pesticide fate, tillage, crop growth, soil erosion, crop and soil management and economics. Staff at PNNL have been involved in the development of this model by integrating new sub-models for soil carbon dynamics and nitrogen cycling.

134

The WCRP CMIP3 multimodel dataset: A new era in climate change research  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A coordinated set of global coupled climate model [atmosphere-ocean general circulation model (AOGCM)] experiments for twentieth- and twenty-first-century climate, as well as several climate change commitment and other experiments, was run by 16 modeling groups from 11 countries with 23 models for assessment in the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Fourth Assessment Report (AR4). Since the assessment was completed, output from another model has been added to the dataset, so the participation is now 17 groups from 12 countries with 24 models. This effort, as well as the subsequent analysis phase, was organized by the World Climate Research Programme (WCRP) Climate Variability and Predictability (CLIVAR) Working Group on Coupled Models (WGCM) Climate Simulation Panel, and constitutes the third phase of the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project (CMIP3). The dataset is called the WCRP CMIP3 multimodel dataset, and represents the largest and most comprehensive international global coupled climate model experiment and multimodel analysis effort ever attempted. As of March 2007, the Program for Climate Model Diagnostics and Intercomparison (PCMDI) has collected, archived, and served roughly 32 TB of model data. With oversight from the panel, the multimodel data were made openly available from PCMDI for analysis and academic applications. Over 171 TB of data had been downloaded among the more than 1000 registered users to date. Over 200 journal articles, based in part on the dataset, have been published so far. Though initially aimed at the IPCC AR4, this unique and valuable resource will continue to be maintained for at least the next several years. Never before has such an extensive set of climate model simulations been made available to the international climate science community for study. The ready access to the multimodel dataset opens up these types of model analyses to researchers, including students, who previously could not obtain state-of-the-art climate model output, and thus represents a new era in climate change research. As a direct consequence, these ongoing studies are increasing the body of knowledge regarding the understanding of how the climate system currently works, and how it may change in the future.

Meehl, G.A. [National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, CO (United States); Covey, C.; Taylor, K.E. [Program for Climate Model Diagnosis and Intercomparison, Livermore, CA (United States); Delworth, T.; Stouffer, R.J. [Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Lab., Princeton, NJ (United States); Latif, M. [Leibniz-Institut fuer Meereswissenschaften, Kiel (Germany); McAvaney, B. [Bureau of Meteorology, Melbourne (Australia); Mitchell, J.F.B. [Hadley Centre, Exeter (United Kingdom)

2007-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

135

climate research and seismology department Biennial Scientific Report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

north over Suriname: ozone observations in Paramaribo 65 Current projects Predictability Research 77, Surinam, with generous financial support from the Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research

Haak, Hein

136

Climate Research Roadmap Workshop: Summary Report, May 13-14, 2010  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In recognition of the ongoing advances and challenges of climate change research, DOE's Office of Biological and Environmental Research (BER) organized a workshop asking the scientific community to identify the current state of climate science. The goal of the workshop was to determine the research challenges important for developing a predictive understanding of global climate. Participants were asked to focus on interdisciplinary research that capitalized on BER's scientific strengths in Atmospheric System Research, Terrestrial Ecosystem Science, and Climate and Earth System Modeling. Approximately 50 scientists representing these three areas were asked to identify desired outcomes for the next 10 years. Goals were identified for the near (1--3 years), mid (4--7 years), and long term (8--10 years). Discussions were focused by discipline (atmospheric, terrestrial, and modeling) and by latitude (high, temperate, and tropical). In addition, opportunities and needs for integration across disciplines and latitudes were identified with a specific focus on crosscutting challenges and outcomes. BER will use this workshop output to update its strategic plan for climate research.

None

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

DOE/SC-ARM-10-032 ARM Climate Research Facility AnnuAl RepoRt - 2010  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

10-032 10-032 ARM Climate Research Facility AnnuAl RepoRt - 2010 Recovery Act HigHligHts September 2009 * One hundred percent of allocated funding from the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 released to the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Climate Research Facility. October 2009 * Preliminary design reviews successfully completed for new solar spectrometer and Data Management Facility (DMF) upgrades. December 2009 * Preliminary design reviews successfully completed for 18 new radars and upgrades to existing radars. January 2010 * Design reviews completed for DMF, radars, and shipborne radar wind profiler. * Installation and integration of new equipment in process for the ARM Data Archive and aircraft infrastructure, data systems, and

138

Research Highlight  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Growing More Effective Ways to Measure Climate Change Download a printable PDF Submitter: Maseyk, K. S., Universite Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris 6 Area of Research: Surface...

139

UEA Water Security Research Centre Climate Change and Variability Adaptation and Vulnerability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

UEA Water Security Research Centre Climate Change and Variability · Adaptation and Vulnerability · Transboundary Cooperation ­ Conflict · Irrigation Performance and Policy · River Basin Management · Water Allocation · Hydropolitics www.uea.ac.uk/watersecurity #12;The UEA Water Security Research Centre applies

Everest, Graham R

140

UA Researchers design a catalyst that neutralizes the gases responsible for climate change  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

UA Researchers design a catalyst that neutralizes the gases responsible for climate change Toxic Researchers at the University of Alicante have developed and patented a novel catalyst capable of decomposing gas streams. "However, nitrous oxide can be decomposed at lower temperatures using a suitable catalyst

Escolano, Francisco

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "measurement climate research" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Update on 2007 Diesel Particulate Measurement Research | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

2007 Diesel Particulate Measurement Research Update on 2007 Diesel Particulate Measurement Research 2005 Diesel Engine Emissions Reduction (DEER) Conference Presentations and...

142

Department of Energy Announces $7 Million in Funding for Climate Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Department of Department of Energy Announces $7 Million in Funding for Climate Research Field Studies; A Cloud Is a Cloud -- or Is It? News Featured Articles Science Headlines 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 Presentations & Testimony News Archives Contact Information Office of Science U.S. Department of Energy 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (202) 586-5430 10.23.08 Department of Energy Announces $7 Million in Funding for Climate Research Field Studies; A Cloud Is a Cloud -- or Is It? Print Text Size: A A A Subscribe FeedbackShare Page WASHINGTON, DC -- The U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of Science has selected four proposals with a total funding of $7 million, to conduct climate research field studies in 2010. Together, these field studies will

143

Climate researcher McDowell receives Fulbright Scholar Award  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials. Los Alamos National Laboratory...

144

Climate research priorities in the DOE CO/sub 2/ program  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A four-pronged approach to considering the climate aspects of the CO/sub 2/ issue has been developed. First, a variety of climate models are being improved, particularly in terms of their representation of the oceans, so that their simulation of the regional and temporal response to increasing CO/sub 2/ can be made more realistic. Second, past climatic situations, particularly warm periods, are being studied as possible analogs for the warmer conditions that increased CO/sub 2/ concentrations are expected to induce. Third, the results of model and past climate studies will be combined so that comprehensive scenarios can be assembled for use in assessment studies. Finally, a research program is being developed that will seek early evidence to determine whether the climate is responding to increasing CO/sub 2/. Present results indicate that the climatic change from doubled CO/sub 2/ will be greater than 1.5/sup 0/K, but that identifying evidence of such changes in the next twenty years will be difficult unless past climate variations and their causes are better understood.

MacCracken, M.C.

1981-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Perspective: The Climate-Population-Infrastructure Modeling and Simulation Fertile Area for New Research  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Managing the risks posed by climate change and extreme weather to energy production and delivery is a challenge to communities worldwide. As climate conditions change, populations will shift, and demand will re-locate; and networked infrastructures will evolve to accommodate new load centers, and, hopefully, minimize vulnerability to natural disaster. Climate effects such as sea level rise, increased frequency and intensity of natural disasters, force populations to move locations. Displaced population creates new demand for built infrastructure that in turn generates new economic activity that attracts new workers and associated households to the new locations. Infrastructures and their interdependencies will change in reaction to climate drivers as the networks expand into new population areas and as portions of the networks are abandoned as people leave. Thus, infrastructures will evolve to accommodate new load centers while some parts of the network are underused, and these changes will create emerging vulnerabilities. Forecasting the location of these vulnerabilities by combining climate predictions and agent based population movement models shows promise for defining these future population distributions and changes in coastal infrastructure configurations. By combining climate and weather data, engineering algorithms and social theory it has been only recently possible to examine electricity demand response to increased climactic temperatures, population relocation in response to extreme cyclonic events, consequent net population changes and new regional patterns in electricity demand. These emerging results suggest a research agenda of coupling these disparate modelling approaches to understand the implications of climate change for protecting the nation s critical infrastructure.

Allen, Melissa R [ORNL; Fernandez, Steven J [ORNL; Walker, Kimberly A [ORNL; Fu, Joshua S [ORNL

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

ARM Climate Research Facility Infrastructure Report for the August 2005 STEC Meeting  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Climate Research Facility Climate Research Facility Operations Status System Upgrades & Enhancements Status Brad Perkins ARM Engineering, TWPO/AMF March 29, 2006 2 Overview ARM Science Team Meeting - March 2006 Progress Report Demonstration Discussion? 3 Background Before we go on... Who is my Audience? Do I need to explain OSS' Purpose? 4 Background OSS Meeting, July 2005 Argonne National Laboratory ECO-00432 Late 2004/Early 2005 Requirements Analysis Operations Managers, OSS Users Present Problems Reviewed & Solutions Offered Future Features/Modules Discussed Path Forward Outlined w/ Schedule Calibration Module Requirement Removed 5 Status December 2005 Target Underestimated Effort Other Issues Competing Priorities (AMF support) Post Argonne Meeting Requirements Gathering

147

Measure Guideline: Supplemental Dehumidification in Warm-Humid Climates  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document covers a description of the need and applied solutions for supplemental dehumidification in warm-humid climates, especially for energy efficient homes where the sensible cooling load has been dramatically reduced. In older homes in warm-humid climates, cooling loads are typically high and cooling equipment runs a lot to cool the air. The cooling process also removes indoor moisture, reducing indoor relative humidity. However, at current residential code levels, and especially for above-code programs, sensible cooling loads have been so dramatically reduced that the cooling system does not run a lot to cool the air, resulting in much less moisture being removed. In these new homes, cooling equipment is off for much longer periods of time especially during spring/fall seasons, summer shoulder months, rainy periods, some summer nights, and some winter days. In warm-humid climates, those long off periods allow indoor humidity to become elevated due to internally generated moisture and ventilation air change. Elevated indoor relative humidity impacts comfort, indoor air quality, and building material durability. Industry is responding with supplemental dehumidification options, but that effort is really in its infancy regarding year-round humidity control in low-energy homes. Available supplemental humidity control options are discussed. Some options are less expensive but may not control indoor humidity as well as more expensive and comprehensive options. The best performing option is one that avoids overcooling and avoids adding unnecessary heat to the space by using waste heat from the cooling system to reheat the cooled and dehumidified air to room-neutral temperature.

Rudd, A.

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

NASA Research Strategy for Earth System Science: Climate Component  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper describes the principles adopted by the NASA Earth Science Enterprise in formulating a comprehensive 2002–2010 research strategy for earth system science, and outlines one component of this broad interdisciplinary program, focused on ...

Ghassem Asrar; Jack A. Kaye; Pierre Morel

2001-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Evaluation of Energy Efficiency Measures in Hot and Humid Climates  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Building Prototype, Storefront Retail Building Prototype Stand-alone Retail Building Small Retail Location Hawaii West Africa Thailand various various various various Climate Zone(s) 1A 1A 1A 1A, 2A, 3B, 4A, 5A & 6A 1A, 2A, 3B, 4A, 5... External External Window-to- wall area ratio >40% 23% 31% 40%, window evenly distributed on exterior walls 35%, most windows on south and west walls 35% Various Proposed HVAC System VRV and DOAS VAV with reheat, air- cooled chillers VAV...

Zhao, Y.; Erwine, B.; Leonard, P.; Pease, B.; Dole, A.; Lee, A.

150

Building a Global Federation System for Climate Change Research: The Earth System Grid Center for Enabling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Building a Global Federation System for Climate Change Research: The Earth System Grid Center for Enabling Technologies (ESG-CET) The Earth System Grid Center for Enabling Technologies Team: R Ananthakrishnan1 , D E Bernholdt7,9 , S Bharathi8 , D Brown5 , M Chen7 , A L Chervenak8 , L Cinquini5 , R Drach3

Chervenak, Ann

151

Vol. 16, No. 2 May 2006Global Energy and Water Cycle Experiment World Climate Research Programme  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NEWSNEWS Vol. 16, No. 2 May 2006Global Energy and Water Cycle Experiment World Climate Research by the exchanges of energy and water. Although some statistics of these varia- tions may be static, the energy Programme (A Programme of WMO, ICSU and IOC) GEWEX ADDRESSES WATER AND ENERGY BUDGETS USING SATELLITES

152

The Centre for Australian Weather and Climate Research A partnership between CSIRO and the Bureau of Meteorology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Centre for Australian Weather and Climate Research A partnership between CSIRO and the Bureau Ensemble Initialisation Scheme (breeding) Lack of common metrics We use weekly-mean rainfall* / max experimental forecasts (poama.bom.gov.au) #12;The Centre for Australian Weather and Climate Research

Marshall, Andrew

153

Collaborative Research: The Influence of Cloud Microphysics and Radiation on the Response of Water Vapor and Clouds to Climate Change  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Uncertainties in representing the atmospheric water cycle are major obstacles to an accurate prediction of future climate. This project focused on addressing some of these uncertainties by implementing new physics for convection and radiation into the NCAR climate model. To better understand and eventually better represent these processes, we modified CAM3.5 to use the convection and cloud schemes developed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) and the RRTMG rapid radiation code for global models developed by Atmospheric and Environmental Research, Inc. (AER). The impact of the new physics on the CAM3.5 simulation of convection on diurnal and intra-seasonal scales, intra-seasonal oscillations and the distribution of water vapor has been investigated. The effect of the MIT and AER physics also has been tested in the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) regional forecast model. It has been found that the application of the AER radiation and MIT convection produces significant improvements in the modeled diurnal cycle of convection, especially over land, in the NCAR climate model. However, both the standard CAM3.5 (hereinafter STD) and the modified CAM3.5 with the new physics (hereinafter MOD) are still unable to capture the proper spectrum and propagating characteristics of the intra-seasonal oscillations (ISOs). The new physics methods modify, but do not substantially improve, the distribution of upper tropospheric water vapor relative to satellite measurements.

Dr. Kerry Emanuel; Michael J. Iacono

2011-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

154

California Climate Change Center www.climatechange.ca.gov/research  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

identifies promising options to reduce net greenhouse gas emissions, and weighs the relative costs emissions trends in California. Options to reduce greenhouse gas emissions:3. Research in this area. Improving inventory methods:2. Some of the methods used to estimate greenhouse gas emissions, especially

155

Research project on CO{sub 2}-induced climate change. Annual progress report, March 1, 1994--February 28, 1995  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This summarizes current progress in the research project at SUNY Stony Brook on CO2-induced climate change. Three tasks are described, corresponding to the task categories in the USDOE/PRC CAS cooperative project on climate change. Task 1, led by Dr. Robert Cess, concerns the intercomparison of CO2 related climatic warming in contemporary general circulation models. Task 2, directed by Dr. Sultan Hameed, looks at understanding the natural variability in climatic data and comparing its significant features between observations and model simulations. Task 3, also directed by Dr. Hameed focuses on analysis of historical climate data developed at the institute of Geography of the Chinese Academy of Sciences.

Cess, R.D.; Hameed, S.

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

VARIABILITY, PREDICTABILITY AND CLIMATE RISKS Heinz Wanner, professor of climatology and meteorology, is the director of the NCCR Climate. The network of Swiss climate research  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and was an assistant project leader while doing a post-doc within the framework of the NCCR Climate. She went#12;1 -- VARIABILITY, PREDICTABILITY AND CLIMATE RISKS -- #12;3 -- WHO WE ARE -- Heinz Wanner, professor of climatology and meteorology, is the director of the NCCR Climate. The network of Swiss climate

Richner, Heinz

157

A new scenario framework for Climate Change Research: Scenario matrix architecture  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this paper, we present the scenario matrix architecture as part of the new scenario framework for climate change research. The matrix architecture focuses on a key question of current climate research, namely the identification of trade-offs and synergies (in terms of risks, costs and other consequences) of different adaptation and mitigation strategies. The framework has two main axes: 1) the level of forcing (as represented by the RCPs) and 2) different socio-economic reference pathways. The matrix can be used as a tool to guide new scenario development and analytical analysis. It can also be used as a heuristic tool for classifying new and existing scenarios for assessment. Key elements of the architecture, in particular the shared socio-economic reference pathways and the shared policy assumptions, are elaborated in other papers in this special issue.

Van Vuuren, Detlef; Kriegler, Elmar; O'Neill, Brian; Ebi, Kristie L.; Riahi, Keywan; Carter, Tim; Edmonds, James A.; Hallegatte, Stephane; Kram, Tom; Mathur, Ritu; Winkler, Harald

2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH, VOL. ???, XXXX, DOI:10.1029/, Climate Impacts of Cirrus Ice Nucleation1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the climate system. Ice clouds reflect solar radiation23 back to space, cooling the planet. However, cold ice finely balanced between warming and cooling, with warming thought to be slightly larger.27 Changes to iceJOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH, VOL. ???, XXXX, DOI:10.1029/, Climate Impacts of Cirrus Ice

Gettelman, Andrew

159

A new scenario framework for climate change research: background, process, and future directions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The scientific community is developing new integrated global, regional, and sectoral scenarios to facilitate interdisciplinary research and assessment to explore the range of possible future climates and related physical changes could pose to human and natural systems; how these could interact with social, economic, and environmental development pathways; the degree to which mitigation and adaptation policies can avoid and reduce those risks; the costs and benefits of various policy mixes; residual impacts under alternative pathways; and the relationship with sustainable development. This paper provides the background to, and process of, developing the conceptual framework for these scenarios, described in three other papers in this Special Issue (van Vuuren et al.; O'Neill et al.; Kriegler et al.). The paper also discusses research needs to further develop and apply this framework. The goal is to encourage climate change researchers from a broad range of perspectives and disciplines to work together to develop policy-relevant scenarios and explore the implications of different possible futures for the challenges and opportunities human and natural systems could face with increasing climate change.

Ebi, Kristie L.; Hallegatte, Stephane; Kram, Tom; Arnell, Nigel; Carter, Tim; Edmonds, James A.; Kriegler, Elmar; Mathur, Ritu; O'Neill, Brian; Riahi, Keywan; Winkler, Harald; Van Vuuren, Detlef; Zwickel, Timm

2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

41 Current projects Climate Variability Research Research within this Division focuses on large-scale  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Research Division participates in the informal network for Earth System Models of Intermediate Complexity

Haak, Hein

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "measurement climate research" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Climate research in the former Soviet Union. FASAC: Foreign Applied Sciences Assessment Center technical assessment report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report assesses the state of the art in several areas of climate research in the former Soviet Union. This assessment was performed by a group of six internationally recognized US experts in related fields. The areas chosen for review are: large-scale circulation processes in the atmosphere and oceans; atmospheric radiative processes; cloud formation processes; climate effects of natural atmospheric disturbances; and the carbon cycle, paleoclimates, and general circulation model validation. The study found an active research community in each of the above areas. Overall, the quality of climate research in the former Soviet Union is mixed, although the best Soviet work is as good as the best corresponding work in the West. The best Soviet efforts have principally been in theoretical studies or data analysis. However, an apparent lack of access to modern computing facilities has severely hampered the Soviet research. Most of the issues considered in the Soviet literature are known, and have been discussed in the Western literature, although some extraordinary research in paleoclimatology was noted. Little unusual and exceptionally creative material was found in the other areas during the study period (1985 through 1992). Scientists in the former Soviet Union have closely followed the Western literature and technology. Given their strengths in theoretical and analytical methods, as well as their possession of simplified versions of detailed computer models being used in the West, researchers in the former Soviet Union have the potential to make significant contributions if supercomputers, workstations, and software become available. However, given the current state of the economy in the former Soviet Union, it is not clear that the computer gap will be bridged in the foreseeable future.

Ellingson, R.G.; Baer, F.; Ellsaesser, H.W.; Harshvardhan; Hoffert, M.I.; Randall, D.A.

1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Report to the Environment Agency of Tyndall Centre Research Project T3.18: `Climate change impacts in the UK on a millennial timescale  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Report to the Environment Agency of Tyndall Centre Research Project T3.18: `Climate change impacts it will not avoid this. #12;CLIMATE CHANGE ON THE MILLENNIAL TIMESCALE 2. Motivation Most projections of future in the UK on a millennial timescale ­ Phase 1: coarse scale climate prediction' Climate Change

Williamson, Mark

163

CURRICULUM VITAE: LAURENCE C. SMITH My scientific research examines the impacts of climatic and environmental change upon  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 CURRICULUM VITAE: LAURENCE C. SMITH My scientific research examines the impacts of climatic of the year, see http://www.pnas.org/site/media/topten2013.xhtml Best Analytic Presentation (First Place) Esri

Smith, Laurence C.

164

AIR, CLIMATE, AND ENERGY RESEARCH Background The Clean Air Act has  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

resulted in one of the most effective public health programs in American history by providing the legislation to address air quality in the United States. The legislation has led to millions of lives saved and improved health. Research at the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency has played a significant role in these health achievements. The work by EPA scientists, engineers and partners demonstrated that exposure to air pollution damages our health, causing lung and heart disease, impacts our immune, nervous and reproductive systems, and shortens our lives. Their work has linked air pollution to disease and other health problems, contributed to important risk assessments, provided new technology and scientific tools and offered new solutions to protect and manage air quality. New Challenges Despite this progress, challenges remain and new concerns have emerged. Millions of people still live in counties that do not meet air quality standards for one or more pollutants. Research has uncovered many health threats from air pollution. EPA research continues to address these threats and understand their impact on those living in highly polluted areas, other vulnerable groups and vulnerable ecosystems. Climate change represents a major challenge to the protection of human health and the environment. EPA’s research is focused on understanding the environmental impacts of climate change and how to respond to the changes and impacts with sustainable solutions. Responding to climate change also includes reducing emissions of greenhouse gases. EPA’s research in this area is focused on the environmental impacts–both positive and negative–of possible greenhouse gas reduction approaches. The energy choices we make as a society clearly influence air quality and climate change. But how do we make energy decisions that have the least negative impact and greatest benefit? Research is under way to understand the impacts of air quality as alternative energy sources emerge. The atmosphere itself has become more complex. In the past, research has focused on the health impacts of single pollutants such as ozone or particulate matter. Yet we live in a world of multiple pollutants that interact and even create new chemicals.

unknown authors

165

Climate Science for a Sustainable Energy Future Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Best Estimate (CSSEFARMBE)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Climate Science for a Sustainable Energy Future (CSSEF) project is working to improve the representation of the hydrological cycle in global climate models, critical information necessary for decision-makers to respond appropriately to predictions of future climate. In order to accomplish this objective, CSSEF is building testbeds to implement uncertainty quantification (UQ) techniques to objectively calibrate and diagnose climate model parameterizations and predictions with respect to local, process-scale observations. In order to quantify the agreement between models and observations accurately, uncertainty estimates on these observations are needed. The DOE Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) program takes atmospheric and climate related measurements at three permanent locations worldwide. The ARM VAP called the ARM Best Estimate (ARMBE) [Xie et al., 2010] collects a subset of ARM observations, performs quality control checks, averages them to one hour temporal resolution, and puts them in a standard format for ease of use by climate modelers. ARMBE has been widely used by the climate modeling community as a summary product of many of the ARM observations. However, the ARMBE product does not include uncertainty estimates on the data values. Thus, to meet the objectives of the CSSEF project and enable better use of this data with UQ techniques, we created the CSSEFARMBE data set. Only a subset of the variables contained in ARMBE is included in CSSEFARMBE. Currently only surface meteorological observations are included, though this may be expanded to include other variables in the future. The CSSEFARMBE VAP is produced for all extended facilities at the ARM Southern Great Plains (SGP) site that contain surface meteorological equipment. This extension of the ARMBE data set to multiple facilities at SGP allows for better comparison between model grid boxes and the ARM point observations. In the future, CSSEFARMBE may also be created for other ARM sites. As each site has slightly different instrumentation, this will require additional development to understand the uncertainty characterization associated with instrumentation at those sites. The uncertainty assignment process is implemented into the ARM program’s new Integrated Software Development Environment (ISDE) so that many of the key steps can be used in the future to screen data based on ARM Data Quality Reports (DQRs), propagate uncertainties when transforming data from one time scale into another, and convert names and units into NetCDF Climate and Forecast (CF) standards. These processes are described in more detail in the following sections.

Riihimaki, Laura D.; Gaustad, Krista L.; McFarlane, Sally A.

2012-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

166

Cold-Climate Solar Domestic Water Heating Systems: Life-Cycle Analyses and Opportunities for Cost Reduction  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Conference paper regarding research in potential cost-savings measures for cold-climate solar domestic water hearing systems.

Burch, J.; Salasovich, J.; Hillman, T.

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Climate Collections  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Regional/Global > Climate Collections Regional/Global > Climate Collections Climate Collections Overview Climate encompasses the statistics of temperature, humidity, atmospheric pressure, wind, rainfall, atmospheric particle count, and numerous other meteorological elements in a given region over long periods of time. Climate can be contrasted to weather, which is the present condition of these same elements over periods up to two weeks. The climate collections project includes data sets containing measured and modeled values for variables such as temperature, precipitation, humidity, radiation, wind velocity, and cloud cover and include station measurements as well as gridded mean values. The ORNL DAAC Climate Collections Data archive includes 10 data products from the following categories:

168

Review of water, lighting, and cooling energy efficiency measures for low-income homes located in warm climates  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In support of the U.S. Department of Energy`s Weatherization Assistance Program, Oak Ridge National Laboratory has performed a literature review of weatherization measures applicable for homes located in warm climate regions. Sources for this information included: (1) documented engineering estimates, (2) vendor information, (3) reported performance from research and field tests, and (4) direct discussions with researchers, vendors, and field reporters. Estimated savings are extrapolated from reported energy savings and applied to the end-use energy consumption for low-income homes reported by the Energy Information Administration. Additionally, installation costs, savings-to-investment ratios, and parameters indicating performance sensitivity to issues such as occupancy, construction, client education, and maintenance requirements are presented. The report is comprised of two sections: (1) an overview of measure performance, and (2) an appendix. The overview of measures is in a tabular format, which allows for quick reference. More detailed discussions and references for each measure are presented in the Appendix and it is highly recommended that these be reviewed prior to measure selection.

Martin, M.A.; Gettings, M.B.

1998-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Addressing Climate Change in Environmental Impact Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Addressing Climate Change in Environmental Impact Analysis 2010 CTS Research Conference Carissa impact analysis (EIA) as a tool to address climate change ·! Consider approaches to measuring and addressing climate change at the project scale #12;Purpose ·! Funded by U of M Institute on the Environment

Minnesota, University of

170

MOBILITY MEASUREMENT IN URBAN TRANSPORTATION (MMUT) RESEARCH PROJECT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 MOBILITY MEASUREMENT IN URBAN TRANSPORTATION (MMUT) RESEARCH PROJECT Project Summary ­ FY 2010 procedures and resulting performance measures have been used in multimodal measurement efforts in many U fund effort will be on some emerging topical areas. The goals of the proposed research project include

171

Marketing performance measurement: evolution of research and practice  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This article reviews the evolution of marketing performance measurement from both research and practitioner perspectives. We find four historical research stages that have evolved in sequence but now continue concurrently, and explore how firms evolve their use of marketing performance measures. Practitioners increasingly regard effectiveness as more important than efficiency in marketing performance. The paper extrapolates that evolution to suggest future directions for practitioners. Identifying the impact of performance measurement systems over time is a critical issue for both research and improved practice.

Bruce H. Clark; Tim Ambler

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Appropriate Conservation Measures for Single-Family Buildings in Hot, Humid Climates  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, and skin wetness, and they should be investigated. REFERENCES 1. "Residential Conservation Service Model Audit Manual," Oak Ridge National Laboratory, ORNL/CON-103, October 1983. 2. "WE-2 Reference Manual, Version 2. LA," LBL-8706, Rev. 2, May 1981..., Thermal Comfort, Krieger Publishing Co., Malabar, Florida, 1982. 9. H. A. McLain, J. M. MacDonald, D. Goldenberg, "Appropriate Conservation Measures for Single-Family Buildings in Hot Humid Climates,'' ORNL/CON report, to be issued. 10. R. Messenger...

McLain, H. A.; MacDonald, J. M.; Goldenberg, D.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Accepted to the Journal Geophysical Research Laboratory measurements of electrical  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Accepted to the Journal Geophysical Research Laboratory measurements of electrical conductivities measurements of electrical conductivities of natural magma compositions. The electrical conductivities of three. The electrical conductivity increases with temperature and is higher in the order tephrite, phonotephrite

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

174

Climate-change scenario for the Columbia River basin. Forest Service research paper  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This work describes the method used to generate a climate-change scenario for the Columbia River basin. The scenario considers climate patterns that may change if the atmospheric concentration of carbon dioxide (CO2), or its greenhouse gas equivalent, were to double over pre-Industrial Revolution values. A composite approach was taken to generate a climate scenario that considers knowledge of current regional climate controls, available output from general circulation and regional climate models, and observed changes in climate.

Ferguson, S.A.

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

National Climate Assessment: Indicators System  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Indicators System Print E-mail Indicators System Print E-mail What are the goals for the NCA indicators? The vision for the National Climate Assessment (NCA) is to create a system of indicators that will help inform policy-makers and citizens understand key aspects of our changing climate. Scientific information about physical climate conditions, climate impacts, vulnerabilities, and preparedness will be tracked and compiled. These measures are called indicators. The goals of the Indicators System are to: Provide meaningful, authoritative climate-relevant measures about the status, rates, and trends of key physical, ecological, and societal variables and values Inform decisions on management, research, and education at regional to national scales Identify climate-related conditions and impacts to help develop effective mitigation and adaptation measures

176

3 Canopy microclimate measurement This chapter presents methods general to the measurement of climate variables at  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to maximize data capture and improve signal quality assessment. Duplicate measurements were usually recorded.1. For measurements that did not vary spatially (e.g. incoming solar radiation on a clear day), a single measurement-2 s-1 72 24 Air temperature 0.243 1.5 °C 2 3 Net Radiation 5.174 12 W m-2 14 3 Global short-wave 1

177

World Climate Research Programme (WCRP) Coupled Model Intercomparison Project phase 3 (CMIP3): Multi-Model Dataset Archive at PCMDI (Program for Climate Model Diagnosis and Intercomparison)  

DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

In response to a proposed activity of the WCRP's Working Group on Coupled Modelling (WGCM),PCMDI volunteered to collect model output contributed by leading modeling centers around the world. Climate model output from simulations of the past, present and future climate was collected by PCMDI mostly during the years 2005 and 2006, and this archived data constitutes phase 3 of the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project (CMIP3). In part, the WGCM organized this activity to enable those outside the major modeling centers to perform research of relevance to climate scientists preparing the Fourth Asssessment Report (AR4) of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). The IPCC was established by the World Meteorological Organization and the United Nations Environmental Program to assess scientific information on climate change. The IPCC publishes reports that summarize the state of the science. This unprecedented collection of recent model output is officially known as the WCRP CMIP3 multi-model dataset. It is meant to serve IPCC's Working Group 1, which focuses on the physical climate system - atmosphere, land surface, ocean and sea ice - and the choice of variables archived at the PCMDI reflects this focus. A more comprehensive set of output for a given model may be available from the modeling center that produced it. As of November 2007, over 35 terabytes of data were in the archive and over 303 terabytes of data had been downloaded among the more than 1200 registered users. Over 250 journal articles, based at least in part on the dataset, have been published or have been accepted for peer-reviewed publication. Countries from which models have been gathered include Australia, Canada, China, France, Germany and Korea, Italy, Japan, Norway, Russia, Great Britain and the United States. Models, variables, and documentation are collected and stored. Check http://www-pcmdi.llnl.gov/ipcc/data_status_tables.htm to see at a glance the output that is available. (Description taken from http://www-pcmdi.llnl.gov/ipcc/about_ipcc.php)

178

Climate VISION: News Archive  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

News Archive News Archive Collapse all | Expand all 2007 November 30, 2007 USTR Schwab to Announce New Climate Initiatives for WTO, Including a New Environmental Goods and Services Agreement November 28, 2007 U.S. Energy Information Administration Anounces U.S. Greenhouse Gas Emissions Declined 1.5 Percent in 2006 November 20, 2007 Nobel Peace Prize for Research on Climate Change Awarded to U.S. Forest Service Scientists November 16, 2007 Our Changing Planet: The U.S. Climate Change Science Program for Fiscal Year 2008 Report Released October 18, 2007 U.S. DOE Issues Third U.S. Climate Change Science Program Report October 15, 2007 The Government of India Hosts the Second Asia-Pacific Partnership on Clean Development and Climate Ministerial Meeting Fall 2007 EPA's 2nd measurement campaign to evaluate the performance of installed PFC

179

DOE/SC-ARM-10-006.8 ARM Climate Research Facility Monthly Instrument Report  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

8 8 ARM Climate Research Facility Monthly Instrument Report JW Voyles August 2010 DISCLAIMER This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by the U.S. Government. Neither the United States nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise, does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement, recommendation, or favoring by the U.S. Government or any agency thereof. The views and

180

DOE/SC-ARM-10-006.4 ARM Climate Research Facility Instrumentation Status and Information  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

4 4 ARM Climate Research Facility Instrumentation Status and Information JW Voyles April 2010 DISCLAIMER This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by the U.S. Government. Neither the United States nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise, does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement, recommendation, or favoring by the U.S. Government or any agency thereof. The views and

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "measurement climate research" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

DOE/SC-ARM-10-006.9 ARM Climate Research Facility Monthly Instrument Report  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

9 9 ARM Climate Research Facility Monthly Instrument Report JW Voyles September 2010 DISCLAIMER This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by the U.S. Government. Neither the United States nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise, does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement, recommendation, or favoring by the U.S. Government or any agency thereof. The views and

182

The Faculty of Science and the Bolin Centre for Climate Research  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: Future Development of Climate and Earth System Models for Scientific and Policy Use Warren M. Washington of climate and Earth system models has been regarded primarily as the making of scientific tools to study, the development of climate and Earth system models became intimately linked to the need to not only improve our

183

High-Latitude Ocean and Sea Ice Surface Fluxes: Challenges for Climate Research1 Mark A. Bourassa1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

), and in 2008, the Wilkins Ice Shelf51 collapsed equally quickly (Scambos et al. 2009). Ocean heat content1 High-Latitude Ocean and Sea Ice Surface Fluxes: Challenges for Climate Research1 2 Mark A-latitude surface fluxes will require close collaboration among meteorologists,33 oceanographers, ice physicists

Gille, Sarah T.

184

The Centre for Australian Weather and Climate Research A partnership between CSIRO and the Bureau of Meteorology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Centre for Australian Weather and Climate Research A partnership between CSIRO and the Bureau-Russian blocking 2010, predicted out to 10d) 1st-10th Aug 2010 #12;Extreme heat definition Lack of common metrics forecasts SEDI for DJF, all forecasts SEDI for JJA, all forecasts #12;The Centre for Australian Weather

Marshall, Andrew

185

DOE/SC-ARM-13-004 Charter for the ARM Climate Research Facility  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

designed to improve the understanding and representation, in climate and earth system models, of clouds and aerosols as well as their interactions and coupling with the...

186

he e-mails leaked from the University of East Anglia's Climatic Research Unit  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of greenhouse-gas pollution.Theuncertaintiesdo,however,ham- pereffortstoplanforthefuture.Andunlikethe myths four areas -- regional climate forecasts, precipitation forecasts, aerosols and palaeoclimate data forecast climate changes for the twenty- first century at the local and regional level. The basic tools

Nizkorodov, Sergey

187

TRANSCRIPT FROM NOAA/GFDL EDUCATIONAL INTERVIEW: NOAA GFDL CLIMATE RESEARCH CONVERSATIONS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

meridional overturning circulation, plays a powerful role in the climate system by transporting heat from in the climate system that occurs over time scales of a few decades or less, and which we anticipate to persist for a few decades or more, and causes large scale disruptions in human or natural ecosystems. So

188

Climate & Environmental Sciences | Clean Energy | ORNL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Climate Change Science Institute Earth and Aquatic Sciences Ecosystem Science Environmental Data Science and Systems Energy, Water and Ecosystem Engineering Human Health Risk and Environmental Analysis Renewable Energy Systems Manufacturing Fossil Energy Sensors & Measurement Sustainable Electricity Systems Biology Transportation Clean Energy Home | Science & Discovery | Clean Energy | Research Areas | Climate & Environment SHARE Climate and Environmental Sciences Scientists Scott Brooks and Carrie Miller collect water quality data, East Fork Poplar Creek, November 15, 2012. Sampling site for mercury. Climate and environmental scientists at ORNL conduct research, develop technology and perform analyses to understand and predict how environmental systems respond to global and regional changes - including

189

Hydrogen Consumption Measurement Research Platform for Fuel Cell Vehicles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Hydrogen consumption measurement research platform is designed for fuel economy test of the proton exchange membrane fuel cell vehicle (PEM FCV). Hardware is constructed with industrial PC (IPC), field bus data acquisition module and device control module. ... Keywords: Hydrogen Consumption Measuremen, LabVIEW, Data Acquisition

Fang Maodong; Chen Mingjie; Lu Qingchun; Jin Zhenhua

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Toward Robust Climate Baselining: Objective Assessment of Climate Change Using Widely Distributed Miniaturized Sensors for Accurate World-Wide Geophysical Measurements  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A gap-free, world-wide, ocean-, atmosphere-, and land surface-spanning geophysical data-set of three decades time-duration containing the full set of geophysical parameters characterizing global weather is the scientific perquisite for defining the climate; the generally-accepted definition in the meteorological community is that climate is the 30-year running-average of weather. Until such a tridecadal climate base line exists, climate change discussions inevitably will have a semi-speculative, vs. a purely scientific, character, as the baseline against which changes are referenced will be at least somewhat uncertain. The contemporary technology base provides ways-and-means for commencing the development of such a meteorological measurement-intensive climate baseline, moreover with a program budget far less than the {approx}$2.5 B/year which the US. currently spends on ''global change'' studies. In particular, the recent advent of satellite-based global telephony enables real-time control of, and data-return from, instrument packages of very modest scale, and Silicon Revolution-based sensor, data-processing and -storage advances permit 'intelligent' data-gathering payloads to be created with 10 gram-scale mass budgets. A geophysical measurement system implemented in such modern technology is a populous constellation 03 long-lived, highly-miniaturized robotic weather stations deployed throughout the weather-generating portions of the Earths atmosphere, throughout its oceans and across its land surfaces. Leveraging the technological advances of the OS, the filly-developed atmospheric weather station of this system has a projected weight of the order of 1 ounce, and contains a satellite telephone, a GPS receiver, a full set of atmospheric sensing instruments and a control computer - and has an operational life of the order of 1 year and a mass-production cost of the order of $20. Such stations are effectively ''intra-atmospheric satellites'' but likely have serial-production unit costs only about twenty-billionths that of a contemporary NASA global change satellite, whose entirely-remote sensing capabilities they complement with entirely-local sensing. It's thus feasible to deploy millions of them, and thereby to intensively monitor all aspects of the Earths weather. Analogs of these atmospheric weather stations will be employed to provide comparable-quality reporting of oceanic and land-surface geophysical parameters affecting weather. This definitive climate baselining system could be in initial-prototype operation on a one-year time-scale, and in intermediate-scale, proof-of-principle operation within three years, at a total cost of {approx}$95M. Steady-state operating costs are estimated to be {approx} $75M/year, or {approx}3% of the current US. ''global change'' program-cost. Its data-return would be of great value very quickly as simply the best weather information, and within a few years as the definitive climatic variability-reporting system. It would become the generator of a definitive climate baseline at a total present-value cost of {approx}$0.9 B.

Teller, E; Leith, C; Canavan, G; Marion, J; Wood, L

2001-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

191

Climate Change and San Francisco Bay-Delta Tidal Wetlands  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

National Institute for Climate Change Research, Coastalcontext of predicted climate change. Madrońo 54(3):234–248.MD. 2005. From climate-change spaghetti to climate-change

Parker, V. Thomas; Callaway, John C.; Schile, Lisa M.; Vasey, Michael C.; Herbert, Ellen R.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Fourth National Research Conference on Climate Change Indian Institute of Technology Madras  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the areas of climate science, impacts, mitigation, adaptation, disaster risk reduction and renewable energy on renewable energy. This event, the fourth in the series, intends to nurture and enhance a dedicated network

Srinivasan, N.

193

Design of a Climate-Responsive BIPV Research Facility in Bangalore  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper describes the design and erection of a climate-responsive Building Integrated Photovoltaic (BIPV) structure in Bangalore, (12.58 N, 77.38 E) in the state of Karnataka, India. Building Integrated Photovoltaics

Monto Mani; B.V.V. Reddy; M. Sreenath…

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Asilomar moments: formative framings in recombinant DNA and solar climate engineering research  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...experiment and the test-bed stage of the UK Stratospheric Particle Injection for Climate Engineering (SPICE) project. There...about geoengineering: moral hazard, slippery slope and playing god. In Australian Academy of Science Conf.: Conf.: Geoengineering...

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Final Report for LDRD Project ''A New Era of Research in Aerosol/Cloud/Climate Interactions at LLNL''  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Observations of global temperature records seem to show less warming than predictions of global warming brought on by increasing concentrations of CO{sub 2} and other greenhouse gases. One of the reasonable explanations for this apparent inconsistency is that the increasing concentrations of anthropogenic aerosols may be partially counteracting the effects of greenhouse gases. Aerosols can scatter or absorb the solar radiation, directly change the planetary albedo. Aerosols, unlike CO{sub 2}, may also have a significant indirect effect by serving as cloud condensation nuclei (CCN). Increases in CCN can result in clouds with more but smaller droplets, enhancing the reflection of solar radiation. Aerosol direct and indirect effects are a strong function of the distributions of all aerosol types and the size distribution of the aerosol in question. However, the large spatial and temporal variabilities in the concentration, chemical characteristics, and size distribution of aerosols have made it difficult to assess the magnitude of aerosol effects on atmospheric radiation. These variabilities in aerosol characteristics as well as their effects on clouds are the leading sources of uncertainty in predicting future climate variation. Inventory studies have shown that the present-day anthropogenic emissions contribute more than half of fine particle mass primarily due to sulfate and carbonaceous aerosols derived from fossil fuel combustion and biomass burning. Parts of our earlier studies have been focused on developing an understanding of global sulfate and carbonaceous aerosol abundances and investigating their climate effects [Chuang et al., 1997; Penner et al., 1998]. We have also modeled aerosol optical properties to account for changes in the refractive indices with relative humidity and dry aerosol composition [Grant et al., 1999]. Moreover, we have developed parameterizations of cloud response to aerosol abundance for use in global models to evaluate the importance of aerosol/cloud interactions on climate forcing [Chuang and Penner, 1995]. Our research has been recognized as one of a few studies attempting to quantify the effects of anthropogenic aerosols on climate in the IPCC Third Assessment Report [IPCC, 2001]. Our previous assessments of aerosol climate effects were based on a general circulation model (NCAR CCM1) fully coupled to a global tropospheric chemistry model (GRANTOUR). Both models, however, were developed more than a decade ago. The lack of advanced physics representation and techniques in our current models limits us from further exploring the interrelationship between aerosol, cloud, and climate variation. Our objective is to move to a new era of aerosol/cloud/climate modeling at LLNL by coupling the most advanced chemistry and climate models and by incorporating an aerosol microphysics module. This modeling capability will enable us to identify and analyze the responsible processes in aerosol/cloud/climate interactions and therefore, to improve the level of scientific understanding for aerosol climate effects. This state-of-the-art coupled models will also be used to address the relative importance of anthropogenic and natural emissions in the spatial pattern of aerosol climate forcing in order to assess the potential of human induced climate change.

Chuang, C; Bergman, D J; Dignon, J E; Connell, P S

2002-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

196

Carbon dioxide and climate. [Appendix includes names and addresses of the Principal Investigators for the research projects funded in FY1991  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Global climate change is a serious environmental concern, and the US has developed An Action Agenda'' to deal with it. At the heart of the US effort is the US Global Change Research Program (USGCRP), which has been developed by the Committee on Earth and Environmental Sciences (CEES) of the Federal Coordinating Council for Sciences, Engineering, and Technology (FCCSET). The USGCRP will provide the scientific basis for sound policy making on the climate-change issue. The DOE contribution to the USGCRP is the Carbon Dioxide Research Program, which now places particular emphasis on the rapid improvement of the capability to predict global and regional climate change. DOE's Carbon Dioxide Research Program has been addressing the carbon dioxide-climate change connection for more than twelve years and has provided a solid scientific foundation for the USGCRP. The expansion of the DOE effort reflects the increased attention that the Department has placed on the issue and is reflected in the National Energy Strategy (NES) that was released in 1991. This Program Summary describes projects funded by the Carbon Dioxide Research Program during FY 1991 and gives a brief overview of objectives, organization, and accomplishments. The Environmental Sciences Division of the Office of Health and Environmental Research, Office of Energy Research supports a Carbon Dioxide Research Program to determine the scientific linkage between the rise of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, especially carbon dioxide, and climate and vegetation change. One facet is the Core CO{sub 2} Program, a pioneering program that DOE established more than 10 years ago to understand and predict the ways that fossil-fuel burning could affect atmospheric CO{sub 2} concentration, global climate, and the Earth's biosphere. Major research areas are: global carbon cycle; climate detection and models of climate change; vegetation research; resource analysis; and, information and integration.

Not Available

1991-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

COLLABORATIVE RESEARCH: Parallel Analysis Tools and New Visualization Techniques for Ultra-Large Climate Data Set  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

ParVis was a project funded under LAB 10-05: “Earth System Modeling: Advanced Scientific Visualization of Ultra-Large Climate Data Sets”. Argonne was the lead lab with partners at PNNL, SNL, NCAR and UC-Davis. This report covers progress from January 1st, 2013 through Dec 1st, 2014. Two previous reports covered the period from Summer, 2010, through September 2011 and October 2011 through December 2012, respectively. While the project was originally planned to end on April 30, 2013, personnel and priority changes allowed many of the institutions to continue work through FY14 using existing funds. A primary focus of ParVis was introducing parallelism to climate model analysis to greatly reduce the time-to-visualization for ultra-large climate data sets. Work in the first two years was conducted on two tracks with different time horizons: one track to provide immediate help to climate scientists already struggling to apply their analysis to existing large data sets and another focused on building a new data-parallel library and tool for climate analysis and visualization that will give the field a platform for performing analysis and visualization on ultra-large datasets for the foreseeable future. In the final 2 years of the project, we focused mostly on the new data-parallel library and associated tools for climate analysis and visualization.

middleton, Don [Co-PI; Haley, Mary

2014-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

198

AmeriFlux Measurement Network: Science Team Research  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Research involves analysis and field direction of AmeriFlux operations, and the PI provides scientific leadership of the AmeriFlux network. Activities include the coordination and quality assurance of measurements across AmeriFlux network sites, synthesis of results across the network, organizing and supporting the annual Science Team Meeting, and communicating AmeriFlux results to the scientific community and other users. Objectives of measurement research include (i) coordination of flux and biometric measurement protocols (ii) timely data delivery to the Carbon Dioxide Information and Analysis Center (CDIAC); and (iii) assurance of data quality of flux and ecosystem measurements contributed by AmeriFlux sites. Objectives of integration and synthesis activities include (i) integration of site data into network-wide synthesis products; and (ii) participation in the analysis, modeling and interpretation of network data products. Communications objectives include (i) organizing an annual meeting of AmeriFlux investigators for reporting annual flux measurements and exchanging scientific information on ecosystem carbon budgets; (ii) developing focused topics for analysis and publication; and (iii) developing data reporting protocols in support of AmeriFlux network goals.

Law, B E

2012-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

199

Climate Indices  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Indices Indices Climate Indices Climate indices are diagnostic tools used to describe the state of the climate system and monitor climate. They are most often represented with a time series, where each point in time corresponds to one index value. An index can be constructed to describe almost any atmospheric event; as such, they are myriad. Therefore, CDIAC provides these links to other web sites to help guide users to the most widely used climate indices, which in many cases are updated monthly. Data Set Website/Name NOAA's Climate Prediction Center, Monitoring and Data Index Page NOAA's Earth Systems Research Laboratory, Monthly Atmospheric and Ocean Time Series Page (plot, analyze, and compare time series) The Monthly Teleconnection Indices Page from NOAA's National

200

Uncertainty in climate science and climate policy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This essay, written by a statistician and a climate scientist, describes our view of the gap that exists between current practice in mainstream climate science, and the practical needs of policymakers charged with exploring possible interventions in the context of climate change. By `mainstream' we mean the type of climate science that dominates in universities and research centres, which we will term `academic' climate science, in contrast to `policy' climate science; aspects of this distinction will become clearer in what follows. In a nutshell, we do not think that academic climate science equips climate scientists to be as helpful as they might be, when involved in climate policy assessment. Partly, we attribute this to an over-investment in high resolution climate simulators, and partly to a culture that is uncomfortable with the inherently subjective nature of climate uncertainty.

Rougier, Jonathan

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "measurement climate research" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

An Assessment of Envelope Measures in Mild Climate Deep Energy Retrofits  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Energy end-uses and interior comfort conditions have been monitored in 11 Deep Energy Retrofits (DERs) in a mild marine climate. Two broad categories of DER envelope were identified: first, bringing homes up to current code levels of insulation and airtightness, and second, enhanced retrofits that go beyond these code requirements. The efficacy of envelope measures in DERs was difficult to determine, due to the intermingled effects of enclosure improvements, HVAC system upgrades and changes in interior comfort conditions. While energy reductions in these project homes could not be assigned to specific improvements, the combined effects of changes in enclosure, HVAC system and comfort led to average heating energy reductions of 76percent (12,937 kWh) in the five DERs with pre-retrofit data, or 80percent (5.9 kWh/ft2) when normalized by floor area. Overall, net-site energy reductions averaged 58percent (15,966 kWh; n=5), and DERs with code-style envelopes achieved average net-site energy reductions of 65percent (18,923 kWh; n=4). In some homes, the heating energy reductions were actually larger than the whole house reductions that were achieved, which suggests that substantial additional energy uses were added to the home during the retrofit that offset some heating savings. Heating system operation and energy use was shown to vary inconsistently with outdoor conditions, suggesting that most DERs were not thermostatically controlled and that occupants were engaged in managing the indoor environmental conditions. Indoor temperatures maintained in these DERs were highly variable, and no project home consistently provided conditions within the ASHRAE Standard 55-2010 heating season comfort zone. Thermal comfort and heating system operation had a large impact on performance and were found to depend upon the occupant activities, so DERs should be designed with the occupants needs and patterns of consumption in mind. Beyond-code building envelopes were not found to be strictly necessary for the achievement of deep energy savings in existing uninsulated homes in mild marine climates, provided that other energy end-uses were comprehensively reduced. We recommend that mild climate DERs pursue envelopes in compliance with the 2012 International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) and pair these with high efficiency, off-the-shelf HVAC equipment. Enhanced building envelopes should be considered in cases where very low heating energy use (<1,000 kWh/year or <0.5 kWh/ft2-year) and enhanced thermal comfort (ASHRAE 55-2010) are required, as well as in those situations where substantial energy uses are added to the home, such as decorative lighting, cooling or smart home A/V and communication equipment.

Walker, Iain; Less, Brennan

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

The Climate Impacts LINK Project  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Climate Impacts LINK Project The Climatic Research Unit, University of East Anglia Funded Impacts LINK Project: Applying Results from the Hadley Centre's Climate Change Experiments for Climate change is relatively undeveloped.The Climate Impacts LINK Project was conceived to encourage research

Feigon, Brooke

203

NEW WORK AND STUDY OPPORTUNITIES IN CLIMATE CHANGE Climate System Analysis Group (CSAG)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. - Postdoc: Climate modeling - Postdoc: Climate change information communication and dissemination - Research Associate: Climate change information communication and dissemination - PhD: Climate change information communication and dissemination - MSc/PhD: Physical science of climate change What to expect: Successful

Cohen, Ronald C.

204

Building America Technology Solutions for New and Existing Homes: Impact of Infiltration and Ventilation on Measured Space Conditioning Energy and Moisture Levels in the Hot-Humid Climate  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This project investigates the impact of air infiltration and ventilation on space cooling and moisture in residential buildings; research was conducted in two identical laboratory homes in the hot-humid climate over the cooling season.

205

Subsurface Biogeochemical Research FY11 Second Quarter Performance Measure  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Subsurface Biogeochemical Research (SBR) Long Term Measure for 2011 under the Performance Assessment Rating Tool (PART) measure is to "Refine subsurface transport models by developing computational methods to link important processes impacting contaminant transport at smaller scales to the field scale." The second quarter performance measure is to "Provide a report on computational methods linking genome-enabled understanding of microbial metabolism with reactive transport models to describe processes impacting contaminant transport in the subsurface." Microorganisms such as bacteria are by definition small (typically on the order of a micron in size), and their behavior is controlled by their local biogeochemical environment (typically within a single pore or a biofilm on a grain surface, on the order of tens of microns in size). However, their metabolic activity exerts strong influence on the transport and fate of groundwater contaminants of significant concern at DOE sites, in contaminant plumes with spatial extents of meters to kilometers. This report describes progress and key findings from research aimed at integrating models of microbial metabolism based on genomic information (small scale) with models of contaminant fate and transport in aquifers (field scale).

Scheibe, Timothy D.

2011-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

206

Diamagnetic loop measurement in Korea Superconducting Tokamak Advanced Research machine  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Diamagnetic loop (DL), which consists of two poloidal loops inside the vacuum vessel, is used to measure the diamagnetic flux during a plasma discharge in the Korea Superconducting Tokamak Advanced Research (KSTAR) machine. The vacuum fluxes in the DL signal can be compensated up to 0.1 mWb by using the coefficients, which are obtained from experimental investigations, in the vacuum flux measurements during vacuum shots under same operational conditions of magnetic coils for plasma experiment in the KSTAR machine. The maximum error in the diamagnetic flux measurement due to the errors of the coefficients was estimated as {approx}0.22 mWb. From the diamagnetic flux measurements for the ohmically heated circular plasmas in the KSTAR machine, the stored energy agrees well with the estimated kinetic energy within the discrepancy of 25%. When the electron cyclotron heating, the neutral beam injection, and the ion cyclotron resonance heating are added to the ohmically heated limiter plasmas, the additional heating effects can be clearly observed from the increase of the stored energy evaluated in the DL measurement.

Bak, J. G.; Lee, S. G.; Kim, H. S. [National Fusion Research Institute, Gwahangno 113, Yuseong-Gu, Daejeon 305-333 (Korea, Republic of)

2011-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

207

"Managing Department Climate Change"  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

"Managing Department Climate Change" #12;Presenters · Ronda Callister Professor, Department Department Climate? · Assesment is essential for determining strategies for initiating change · In a research climate · Each panelist will describe an intervention designed to improve department climate ­ Ronda

Sheridan, Jennifer

208

METEOROLOGICAL Journal of Climate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ocean projections. Mk3.5 captures a number of robust changes common to most climate models that contribute to the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project (CMIP3), an initiative by the World Climate Research projected by climate models. However, the response of these currents to climate change may directly affect m

Feng, Ming

209

ReseaRch at the University of Maryland Climate Modeling and Prediction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

between the familiar seven-day weather forecast and the century-long global-warming projection, Maryland-Rabinovitz's work is leading to improved predictions of extreme weather events such as monsoons, intense storms-use patterns and their contribution to climate change. Ning Zeng investigates how ice sheets store carbon

Hill, Wendell T.

210

Ethical aspects of the mitigation obstruction argument against climate engineering research  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...mitigation [6-21]. The basic idea is as follows: greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions increase climate risk. Emissions abatement...communication. Ann. Am. Acad. Polit. Soc. Sci. 658. 27 Hale, B . 2012 The world that would have been: moral hazard arguments...

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

AFFILIATIONS: EBERT--Bureau of Meteorology Research Centre, Melbourne, Australia; JANOWIAK--NOAA/Climate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

--NOAA/Climate Prediction Center, Camp Springs, Maryland; KIDD--School of Geography, Earth, and Environmental Sciences, but also to a wide range of decision makers, including hydrologists, agriculturalists, emergency managers and the distribution of the Earth's latent heating, which has direct effects on the planetary circulation

Ebert, Beth

212

GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS, VOL. ???, XXXX, DOI:10.1029/, The uncertain future of climate uncertainty  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by anthropogenic greenhouse- gas (GHG) emissions. The conclusions of the IPCC's Fourth Assessment Report (AR4 difficult. In addition, the uncertainty level re- garding future climate evolution has not decreased signifi reasons motivate us to (a) revisit here a key cause for the persisting uncertainties, in order

Ghil, Michael

213

Measurement of the Equivalent Thermal Resistance of Rooftop Lawns in a Hot-Climate Wind Tunnel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

rooftop lawn. A hot-climate wind tunnel experiment was carried out in order to obtain and analyze the heat and moisture transport in the rooftop lawn. Furthermore, a calculation with the energy conservation equation was carried out using the results...

Meng, Q.; Zhang, Y.; Zhang, L.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

The Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program North Slope, Alaska Bringing Climate Change Into The Classroom  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the concentrations of these gases since the start of the industrial revolution, around 1850. #12;Causes of Climate Change Since the start of the industrial revolution, human activities have caused a steady increase fuels (e.g., oil, gas and coal) from industrial activities, landfills, agricultural practices, and many

Mojzsis, Stephen J.

215

Collaborative Research: Towards Advanced Understanding and Predictive Capability of Climate Change in the Arctic using a High-Resolution Regional Arctic Climate System Model  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Primary activities are reported in these areas: climate system component studies via one-way coupling experiments; development of the Regional Arctic Climate System Model (RACM); and physical feedback studies focusing on changes in Arctic sea ice using the fully coupled model.

Lettenmaier, Dennis P

2013-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

216

Superlakes, Megafloods, and Abrupt Climate Change  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...climate changes. The Center for Climatic Research at the University of Wisconsin-Madison develops and uses coupled earth system models to study past, present, and future climate. The Global Change and Climate Modelling Team, Paris, develops models...

Garry Clarke; David Leverington; James Teller; Arthur Dyke

2003-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

217

Earth System Grid Center for Enabling Technologies (ESG-CET): A Data Infrastructure for Data-Intensive Climate Research  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and international climate projects (e.g., Coupled Model Intercomparison Project, Community Earth System Model

Chervenak, Ann

218

Drought Update Colorado Climate Center  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Drought Update Colorado Climate Center Roger Pielke, Sr., Director Prepared by Tara Green and Odie Bliss http://climate.atmos.colostate.edu #12;© 2003 by The Colorado Climate Center. 2 http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/oa/climate/research/2003/mar/st005dv00pcp200303.html #12;© 2003 by The Colorado Climate Center. 3 #12;© 2003

219

Abrupt Climate Change Inevitable Surprises  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abrupt Climate Change Inevitable Surprises Committee on Abrupt Climate Change Ocean Studies Board of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Abrupt climate change : inevitable surprises / Committee on Abrupt Climate Change, Ocean Studies Board, Polar Research Board, Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate

220

Climate Change Science Institute | Clean Energy | ORNL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Climate & Environment Climate & Environment Climate Change Science Institute Earth and Aquatic Sciences Ecosystem Science Environmental Data Science and Systems Energy, Water and Ecosystem Engineering Human Health Risk and Environmental Analysis Renewable Energy Systems Clean Energy Home | Science & Discovery | Clean Energy | Research Areas | Climate & Environment | Climate Change Science Institute SHARE Climate Change Science Institute To advance understanding of the Earth system, describe the consequences of climate change, and evaluate and inform policy on the outcomes of climate change responses. The Climate Change Science Institute is an inter-disciplinary, cross-directorate research organization created in 2009 to advance climate change science research. More than 100 researchers from the Computing and

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "measurement climate research" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

A Typology of Foredune Textures: Sand Patches and Climate Controls  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Foredunes are formed and developed in association with vegetation. A bare sand area has been viewed as a measure of dune mobility or activity and researched in association with climate controls: particularly wind power, annual mean precipitation...

Ryu, Wansang

2012-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

222

Biological & Environmental Research Abstracts Database  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

ABBREVIATION DESCRIPTION ABBREVIATION DESCRIPTION AAVP ARM Aerial Vehicles Program ACP Atmospheric Chemistry Program ACP - CE ACP - Capital Equipment AmeriFlux AmeriFlux ARM Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) ARM - CE ARM - Capital Equipment ARM – Facility Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Climate Research Facility ARM – Facility- CCRI Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Climate Research Facility (Climate Change Research Initiative) ARM - Science Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Science Program ARM-CCRI ARM-CCRI ARM-Infrastr Atmospheric Radiation Measurement-Infrastructure Artificial Retina ASP Atmospheric Science Program

223

ARM Climate Research Facilities on the North Slope of Alaska: Field Campaigns in 2007, New Facilities, and the International Polar Year  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Climate Research Facilities on the North Slope of Alaska: Climate Research Facilities on the North Slope of Alaska: Field Campaigns in 2007, New Facilities, and the International Polar Year Radiative Heating in Underexplored Bands Campaign (RHUBC): Feb 26 - Mar 14 2007 Sandia is a multiprogram laboratory operated by Sandia Corporation, a Lockheed Martin Company, for the United States Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration under contract DE-AC04-94AL85000. Contributors: Mark Ivey, Bernie Zak, Jeff Zirzow, Sandia National Labs Dana Truffer-Moudra, University of Alaska Fairbanks Hans Verlinde, Chad Bahrmann, Scott Richardson, Penn State University Winter

224

Summer Research Opportunities -2014 Heather Anderson OD, PhD My research interests include objective measurements of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Summer Research Opportunities - 2014 Heather Anderson OD, PhD ďż˝ My research interests include objective measurements of accommodation in children and factors limiting visual quality in individuals, PhD ďż˝ My research centers on understanding the visual impact of the optical aberrations of the normal

Glasser, Adrian

225

DOE/SC-ARM-11-004 ARM Climate Research Facility The U.S. Department of Energy  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

4 4 ARM Climate Research Facility The U.S. Department of Energy Management Plan February 2011 DISCLAIMER This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by the U.S. Government. Neither the United States nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise, does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement, recommendation, or favoring by the U.S. Government or any agency thereof. The views and

226

Final Report: Northeastern Regional Center of the DOE's National Institute for Climatic Change Research  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Administration of the NERC of NICCR began at Penn State in December of 2005 and ended in December of 2011. During that time, five requests for proposals were released and five rounds of proposals were reviewed, awarded and administered. Throughout this award, 203 pre-proposals have been received by the NERC in five RFPS and 110 full proposals invited. Of the 110 full proposals reviewed, 53 were funded (most in full, some partially) resulting in 51 subcontracts. These awards were distributed among 17 universities and 3 non-governmental research institutes. Full proposals have been received from 29 universities and 5 non-governmental research institutes. Research activities have now been completed.

Davis, Kenneth

2014-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

227

A Climate Time-Machine: 20th Century Reanalysis Project Explores...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Climate Time-Machine Climate Time-Machine 20th Century Reanalysis Project Explores Earth's Past and Future Climate January 25, 2011 | Tags: Climate Research, Franklin Berkeley Lab...

228

Preparing Cities for Climate Change: An International Comparative Assessment of Urban Adaptation Planning. A Research Agenda  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The research objective of this project is to conduct an international comparative assessment of urban adaptation planning. Cities throughout the world are experiencing chronic problems and extreme events that are being ...

Carmin, JoAnn

2014-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

229

PURDUE UNIVERSITY LEADERSHIP IN ENERGY RESEARCH Recognizing the grand-challenge problems of global energy demands with evidence of climate change  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PURDUE UNIVERSITY LEADERSHIP IN ENERGY RESEARCH Recognizing the grand-challenge problems of global of energy including fossil fuels, nuclear, solar, wind and bioenergy. The activities incorporate socio energy demands with evidence of climate change and broader environmental impacts, Purdue is building

230

ZHANG, XUEJIN. Adapting the Weather Research and Forecasting Model for the Simulation of Regional Climate in East Africa. (Under the direction of Dr. Lian Xie).  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and society for regional climate information. The current Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) RCM inherits several advantages of the original WRF model. For example, (1) it can be used for multiple scale infrastructure to distinguish the scientific problems from engineering problems. In order to adapt WRF for long

Liu, Paul

231

Solar magnetic fields and terrestrial climate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Solar irradiance is considered one of the main natural factors affecting terrestrial climate, and its variations are included in most numerical models estimating the effects of natural versus anthropogenic factors for climate change. Solar wind causing geomagnetic disturbances is another solar activity agent whose role in climate change is not yet fully estimated but is a subject of intense research. For the purposes of climate modeling, it is essential to evaluate both the past and the future variations of solar irradiance and geomagnetic activity which are ultimately due to the variations of solar magnetic fields. Direct measurements of solar magnetic fields are available for a limited period, but can be reconstructed from geomagnetic activity records. Here we present a reconstruction of total solar irradiance based on geomagnetic data, and a forecast of the future irradiance and geomagnetic activity relevant for the expected climate change.

Georgieva, Katya; Kirov, Boian

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

DOE/SC-ARM-14-025 Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Climate Research...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

to the continental U.S. megasite. The Manus TWP facility has been decommissioned and all instrumentation from that site is in transit to the SGP site for reconfiguration. The...

233

Introduction. Climate change and urban areas: research dialogue in a policy framework  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

consuming over 75% of the world's energy use; as human development (as measured by the UN index) energy use solar radiation. Inevitably they contribute to greenhouse gas emissions from fossil fuel combustion and vegetated areas, they are reducing the surface absorption of greenhouse gases and thereby further increasing

Hunt, Julian

234

Introduction. Climate change and urban areas: research dialogue in a policy framework  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...consequence of high energy use; and could...if all the energy in the city...The heat-related deaths in European...emphasized that reducing the heat island...types of low energy design (where...mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions with measures...

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Methodic design of a measurement and control system for climate control in horticulture  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Many papers describe applications of advanced controllers in greenhouses. As control literature focusses on control algorithms, the layout of the measurement and control system is usually underexposed. Unfortunately, commercially available greenhouse ... Keywords: Closed greenhouse, Measurement and control system, Methodic design, Watergy project

S. L. Speetjens; H. J. J. Janssen; G. van Straten; Th. H. Gieling; J. D. Stigter

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Analysis of the Energy Savings Potential in K-5 Schools in Hot and Humid Climates: Application of High Performance Measures and Renewable Energy Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ANALYSIS OF THE ENERGY SAVINGS POTENTIAL IN K-5 SCHOOLS IN HOT AND HUMID CLIMATES: APPLICATION OF HIGH PERFORMANCE MEASURES AND RENEWABLE ENERGY SYSTEMS1 Piljae Im1, and Jeff S. Haberl2 1Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN 2Texas... the energy savings measures recommended as in the ASHRAE Advanced Energy Design Guides for K-12 Schools. As an effort to investigate more energy savings potential for the school building, several other energy savings measures and renewable energy...

Im, P.; Haberl, J.

237

A Century of Solar Ca ii Measurements and Their Implication for Solar UV Driving of Climate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

009-9330-0 A Century of Solar Ca II Measurements and Theirstrong resonance line of Ca II (K line) provide the longestrecent reductions of the Ca II K spectroheliograms obtained

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Impact of Infiltration and Ventilation on Measured Space Conditioning Energy and Moisture Levels in the Hot-Humid Climate, Cocoa, Florida (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Air infiltration and ventilation in residential buildings is a very large part of the heating loads, but empirical data regarding the impact on space cooling has been lacking. Moreover, there has been little data on how building tightness might relate to building interior moisture levels in homes in a hot and humid climate. To address this need, BA-PIRC has conducted research to assess the moisture and cooling load impacts of airtightness and mechanical ventilation in two identical laboratory homes in the hot-humid climate over the cooling season. ?

Not Available

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Research Highlight  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Clouds Get in the Way: How Climate Models Calculate the Effects of Clouds Clouds Get in the Way: How Climate Models Calculate the Effects of Clouds on Earth's Warming Download a printable PDF Submitter: Qian, Y., Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Area of Research: Cloud Distributions/Characterizations Working Group(s): Cloud Life Cycle Journal Reference: Qian Y, CN Long, H Wang, JM Comstock, SA McFarlane, and S Xie. 2012. "Evaluation of cloud fraction and its radiative effect simulated by IPCC AR4 global models against ARM surface observations." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 12(4), doi:10.5194/acp-12-1785-2012. Clouds get in the way of the dawn light, perfectly framing the Raman lidar instrument at the ARM Climate Research Facility Southern Great Plains site. This ground-based laser is a remote sensing instrument used for measuring

240

Research Highlight  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Climate Warming Due to Soot and Smoke? Maybe Not. Climate Warming Due to Soot and Smoke? Maybe Not. Submitter: Penner, J. E., University of Michigan Area of Research: Aerosol Properties Working Group(s): Aerosol Journal Reference: Penner, J.E., S.Y. Zhang, and C.C. Chuang, Soot and smoke aerosol may not warm climate, J. Geophys. Res., 108(D21), 4657, doi:10.1029/2003JD003409, 2003. New research results from the Department of Energy's Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program suggest that fossil fuel soot emissions and biomass smoke may actually have a negligible warming effect and, in some cases, may even result in a net cooling effect. Black carbon is the absorbing component of smoke aerosols that result from the incomplete combustion of various fuels, the most significant sources being fossil fuel

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "measurement climate research" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

BNL | Climate, Environment and Bisoscience  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Climate, Environment, and Biosciences Climate, Environment, and Biosciences bioscience research Revealing Nature-from Microscopic to Atmospheric Scales With recognized expertise in plant sciences, imaging, and climate studies, Brookhaven Lab advances some of the most promising scientific methods of achieving a sustainable future. This cross-disciplinary research seeks to understand the relationships between climate change, sustainable energy initiatives, and the planet's natural ecosystems. As environmental and economic issues mount, this research will provide increasingly important guidance and opportunities for climate change management strategies, approaches to adaptation, and policy decisions. Building a Sustainable Future Major goals include: Significantly improving climate models based on high-quality data

242

ARM Climate Research Facility Spectral Surface Albedo Value-Added Product (VAP) Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document describes the input requirements, output data products, and methodology for the Spectral Surface Albedo (SURFSPECALB) value-added product (VAP). The SURFSPECALB VAP produces a best-estimate near-continuous high spectral resolution albedo data product using measurements from multifilter radiometers (MFRs). The VAP first identifies best estimates for the MFR downwelling and upwelling shortwave irradiance values, and then calculates narrowband spectral albedo from these best-estimate irradiance values. The methodology for finding the best-estimate values is based on a simple process of screening suspect data and backfilling screened and missing data with estimated values when possible. The resulting best-estimate MFR narrowband spectral albedos are used to determine a daily surface type (snow, 100% vegetation, partial vegetation, or 0% vegetation). For non-snow surfaces, a piecewise continuous function is used to estimate a high spectral resolution albedo at 1 min temporal and 10 cm-1 spectral resolution.

McFarlane, S; Gaustad, K; Long, C; Mlawer, E

2011-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

243

Climate Analysis The central theme of the Climate Analysis Division is the analysis and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-duration nrp (National Research Programme on Global Air Pollution and Climate Change) project on climateClimate Analysis The central theme of the Climate Analysis Division is the analysis and diagnosis of the climate and its variability on the basis of observations and models. The objective of this research

Haak, Hein

244

Measurement  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

localization that limits the present measurements. The knowledge thus gained will have input not only to fusion research, but to may ques- tions of basic plasma physics....

245

2007 Radiation & Climate GRC ( July 29-August 3, 2007)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The theme of the fifth Gordon Research Conference on Radiation and Climate is 'Integrating multiscale measurements and models for key climate questions'. The meeting will feature lectures, posters, and discussion regarding these issues. The meeting will focus on insights from new types of satellite and in situ data and from new approaches to modeling processes in the climate system. The program on measurements will highlight syntheses of new satellite data on cloud, aerosols, and chemistry and syntheses of satellite and sub-orbital observations from field programs. The program on modeling will address both the evaluation of cloud-resolving and regional aerosol models using new types of measurements and the evidence for processes and physics missing from global models. The Conference will focus on two key climate questions. First, what factors govern the radiative interactions of clouds and aerosols with regional and global climate? Second, how well do we understand the interaction of radiation with land surfaces and with the cryosphere?

William Collins

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

CLIMATE CHANGE AND WATER SUPPLY SECURITY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CLIMATE CHANGE AND WATER SUPPLY SECURITY: Reconfiguring Groundwater Management to Reduce with climate change, present a significant planning challenge for California's water agencies. This research Drought Vulnerability A White Paper from the California Energy Commission's California Climate

247

Ship-Track Clouds, Aerosol, and Ship Dynamic Effects; A Climate Perspective from Ship-Based Measurements  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Ship-track clouds are marine boundary layer clouds that form behind ocean ships and are observed from satellites in the visible and near infrared. Ship-track clouds provide a rare opportunity to connect aerosol cloud condensation nuclei (CCN) emissions and observable changes in marine stratiform clouds. A very small change in the reflectivity of these eastern Pacific and Atlantic clouds (about 4%) provides a climate feedback of similar magnitude to doubling CO{sub 2} (increasing cloud reflectivity corresponds to global cooling). The Department of Energy sponsored research from 1991 to 1995 to study ship-track clouds including two ocean-based experiments in the summers of 1991 and 1994. These experiments showed that ship-track cloud properties were often more complex those related to a reduction of droplet size with an increase in number associated with increasing CCN from the ship's plume. The clouds showed evidence of morphological changes more likely to be associated with cloud dynamic effects either initiated by the increased CCN or directly by the ship's heat output or turbulent air wake. The fact that marine stratiform clouds, that are susceptible to ship track formation, are starved for both CCN and convective turbulence complicates the separation of the two effects.

Porch, W.M.

1998-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

248

Climate Change and Tourism Dr David Viner  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Climate Change and Tourism Ă©CLAT Dr David Viner Climatic Research Unit University of East Anglia d.viner@uea.ac.uk Tourism has a strong international dimension and is sensitive to any changes of climate that alter to attract visitors are likely to be vulnerable to climate change and the implementation of climate change

Feigon, Brooke

249

Solar Radiation Research Laboratory (SRRL)  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Renewable Energy Laboratory Renewable Energy Laboratory Solar Radiation Research Laboratory (SRRL) Instrument Calibrations Weather Observations Measurement Research Support Measurements & Instrumentation Team Center for Electric & Hydrogen Technologies & Systems http://www.nrel.gov/srrl NREL * * * * 1617 Cole Boulevard * * * * Golden, Colorado 80401-3393 * * * * (303) 275-3000 Operated for the U.S. Department of Energy by Midwest Research Institute * * * * Battelle * * * * Bechtel Mission Provide a unique outdoor research facility for supporting renewable energy conversion technologies and climate change studies for the U.S. Department of Energy (DoE). Objectives * Provide Improved Methods for Radiometer Calibrations * Develop a Solar Resource Climate Database for Golden, Colorado

250

ARM Climate Research Facility  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

National Laboratory The Engineering Change Order 01071 was approved to create the Marine ARM GPCI Investigation of Clouds (MAGIC) Navigation Best Estimate (magnavbe) VAP to...

251

ARM Climate Research Facility  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Langley (SASHE LANGLEY) ... 18 2.57 SGP Area Surface Cloud and SW Radiation Grid (SFCCLDGRID) ... 18 2.58 SONDE Adjust...

252

ARM Climate Research Facility  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Development Tier: Evaluation Engineering Change Order-00957 has been approved to correct ship motion for the cloud radar data for the Marine ARM GPCI Investigation of Clouds...

253

Global Climate Data  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Data Data The climate data at the ORNL DAAC are used primarily as driving variables in terrestrial biogeochemistry models. These models typically use data on temperature (min,max), precipitation, humidity (relative humidity, vapor pressure deficit, dew point), radiation (PFD in PAR, shortwave, direct/diffuse, and UV radiation, daylength), and wind velocity. Climate / meteorology data are required at hourly to monthly time scales, either point or gridded, at spatial scales ranging from regional to continental to global. The ORNL DAAC currently distributes climate data from several related projects: VEMAP-1 Hydroclimatology, and Global Historical Climatology Network. We are also now distributing climate data developed at the East Anglia Climate Research Unit and the Potsdam Institute for Climate Research.

254

Building Technologies Office: Climate Zones  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Climate Zones to Climate Zones to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Climate Zones on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Climate Zones on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Climate Zones on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Climate Zones on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Climate Zones on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Climate Zones on AddThis.com... About Take Action to Save Energy Partner With DOE Activities Solar Decathlon Building America Research Innovations Research Tools Building Science Education Climate-Specific Guidance Solution Center Partnerships Meetings Publications Home Energy Score Home Performance with ENERGY STAR Better Buildings Neighborhood Program Challenge Home Guidelines for Home Energy Professionals

255

Tropical precipitation simulated by the NCAR Community Climate Model (CCM3): an evaluation based on TRMM satellite measurements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the TRMM Science Data and Information System; the Community Climate Model group at NCAR for developing and assistance with running CCM3; and the Program for Cli- mate Model Diagnosis and Intercomparison at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory...

Collier, Jonathan Craig

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Research Project Description  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Research Project Description No job description found Current Research Opportunities Viral Hepatitis Prevention Fellowship Climate Change Communication Internship Applied Molecular...

257

Building America Technology Solutions for New and Existing Homes: Impact of Infiltration and Ventilation on Measured Space Conditioning Energy and Moisture Levels in the Hot-Humid Climate, Cocoa, Florida (Fact Sheet)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This case study describes research to assess the moisture and cooling load impacts of airtightness and mechanical ventilation in two identical laboratory homes in the hot-humid climate over the cooling season.

258

High Performance Computing and Storage Requirements for Biological and Environmental Research Target 2017  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abrupt   Climate   Transitions”   (IMPACTs)   project   is  past   climate   changes,   and   to   project   and  World  Climate  Research  Programme  (WCRP)  project  that  

Gerber, Richard

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Climate & Environmental Sciences | More Science | ORNL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Climate & Environment Climate & Environment SHARE Climate and Environmental Sciences Climate and environmental scientists at ORNL conduct research, develop technology and perform analyses to understand and predict how environmental systems respond to global and regional changes - including climate change, environmental stress and energy production and use. By integrating field and laboratory methods with new theory, modeling, data systems and policy analysis, we develop solutions to complex environmental challenges. ORNL has an increasing programmatic focus on climate change and subsurface biogeochemical research. Current priorities in the area of climate and environmental research are focused on understanding biogeochemical cycling in terrestrial ecosystems by creating new databases and models to inform

260

Climate & Environmental Sciences | More Science | ORNL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Climate & Environment Climate & Environment SHARE Climate and Environmental Sciences Climate and environmental scientists at ORNL conduct research, develop technology and perform analyses to understand and predict how environmental systems respond to global and regional changes - including climate change, environmental stress and energy production and use. By integrating field and laboratory methods with new theory, modeling, data systems and policy analysis, we develop solutions to complex environmental challenges. ORNL has an increasing programmatic focus on climate change and subsurface biogeochemical research. Current priorities in the area of climate and environmental research are focused on understanding biogeochemical cycling in terrestrial ecosystems by creating new databases and models to inform

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "measurement climate research" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Climate & Environment | More Science | ORNL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Climate & Environment Climate & Environment SHARE Climate and Environment Climate and environmental scientists at ORNL conduct research, develop technology and perform analyses to understand and predict how environmental systems respond to global and regional changes - including climate change, environmental stress and energy production and use. By integrating field and laboratory methods with new theory, modeling, data systems and policy analysis, we develop solutions to complex environmental challenges. ORNL has an increasing programmatic focus on climate change and subsurface biogeochemical research. Current priorities in the area of climate and environmental research are focused on understanding biogeochemical cycling in terrestrial ecosystems by creating new databases and models to inform

262

RESEARCH ARTICLE Schlieren measurements of internal waves in non-Boussinesq  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

RESEARCH ARTICLE Schlieren measurements of internal waves in non-Boussinesq fluids H. A. Clark forcing in Boussinesq stratified fluids. Here we present measurements of internal waves generated by a circular cylinder oscil- lating at large amplitude in a non-Boussinesq fluid. The `synthetic schlieren

Sutherland, Bruce

263

Fostering advances in interdisciplinary climate science  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Climate science is a vast, multidisciplinary research field with foundations spanning physics, chemistry, biology, geology, mathematics, and more. Cutting-edge climate research often straddles one or more basic disciplines, ...

Solomon, Susan

264

GFDL One-Page Research Summary Mean climate controls on the simulated response of ENSO to increasing greenhouse gases  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

disasters, agriculture, fisheries, and natural ecosystems. Understanding and predicting the future behavior, this study presents the first comprehensive, pointwise, multi-model upper-ocean heat budget analysis of the pre-industrial control and doubled CO2 climate change experiments from the global coupled GCMs

265

Influences of climate variability and change on precipitation characteristics and extremes.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This study focuses on two main broad areas of active research on climate: climate variability and climate change and their implications on regional precipitation characteristics.… (more)

Goly, Aneesh.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Valuing Climate Forecast Information  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The article describes research opportunities associated with evaluating the characteristics of climate forecasts in settings where sequential decisions are made. Illustrative results are provided for corn production in east central Illinois. ...

Steven T. Sonka; James W. Mjelde; Peter J. Lamb; Steven E. Hollinger; Bruce L. Dixon

1987-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Refining climate models  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Using dogwood trees, Oak Ridge National Laboratory researchers are gaining a better understanding of the role photosynthesis and respiration play in the atmospheric carbon dioxide cycle. Their findings will aid computer modelers in improving the accuracy of climate simulations.

Warren, Jeff; Iversen, Colleen; Brooks, Jonathan; Ricciuto, Daniel

2012-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

268

Refining climate models  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Using dogwood trees, Oak Ridge National Laboratory researchers are gaining a better understanding of the role photosynthesis and respiration play in the atmospheric carbon dioxide cycle. Their findings will aid computer modelers in improving the accuracy of climate simulations.

Warren, Jeff; Iversen, Colleen; Brooks, Jonathan; Ricciuto, Daniel

2014-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

269

Sandia National Laboratories: Climate change  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

research effort. Created to help resolve scientific uncertainties related to global climate change, ARM focuses on studying the role of clouds and aerosols in atmospheric and...

270

Renewable Energy and Climate Change  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Renewable Energy and Climate Change Symposium in Honor of 2009 and 2010 ACS Fellows in the Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Division Helena Chum, NREL Research Fellow August...

271

Tree Death Study's Climate Change Connections  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

What are the exact physiological mechanisms that lead to tree death during prolonged drought and rising temperatures? These are the questions that scientists are trying to answer at a Los Alamos National Laboratory research project called SUMO. SUMO stands for SUrvival/MOrtality study; it's a plot of land on the Lab's southern border that features 18 climate controlled tree study chambers and a large drought structure that limits rain and snowfall. Scientists are taking a wide variety of measurements over a long period of time to determine what happens during drought and warming, and what the connections and feedback loops might be between tree death and climate change.

McDowell, Nate

2012-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

272

Tree Death Study's Climate Change Connections  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

What are the exact physiological mechanisms that lead to tree death during prolonged drought and rising temperatures? These are the questions that scientists are trying to answer at a Los Alamos National Laboratory research project called SUMO. SUMO stands for SUrvival/MOrtality study; it's a plot of land on the Lab's southern border that features 18 climate controlled tree study chambers and a large drought structure that limits rain and snowfall. Scientists are taking a wide variety of measurements over a long period of time to determine what happens during drought and warming, and what the connections and feedback loops might be between tree death and climate change.

McDowell, Nate

2014-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

273

Accepted as "Opinion" article in WIREs Climate Change Rethinking climate engineering categorization in the context  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

reductions. Local targeted climate modification can be seen as an adaptation measure as long the impacts of climate change4 . Due to the strong emphasis on the climate modification aspect, we favor

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

274

Research Highlight  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Improving the Treatment of Radiation in Climate Models Improving the Treatment of Radiation in Climate Models Download a printable PDF Submitter: Delamere, J. S., Tech-X Corporation Area of Research: Radiation Processes Working Group(s): Aerosol Life Cycle, Cloud Life Cycle Journal Reference: Delamere JS, SA Clough, VH Payne, EJ Mlawer, DD Turner, and RR Gamache. 2010. "A far-infrared radiative closure study in the Arctic: Application to water vapor." Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres, 115, D17106, 10.1029/2009JD012968. The mean AERI-ER radiances for a select set of cloud-free cases at NSA in 2007 are presented in the top panel. The bottom panel presents mean spectral differences between the measurements and model calculations. The red line demonstrates the differences when using the pre-RHUBC version of

275

Iowa Climate Change Briefing and Discussion -Monday February 16 The University of Iowa Center for Global and Regional Environmental Research and a variety of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Iowa Climate Change Briefing and Discussion - Monday February 16 The University of Iowa Center to a climate change briefing and discussion to highlight the recent report of the Iowa Climate Change Advisory Council. The meeting will be an opportunity to learn more about climate change science its potential

Debinski, Diane M.

276

An iconic approach to representing climate change  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 An iconic approach to representing climate change Saffron Jessica O'Neill A thesis submitted-experts to be meaningfully engaged with the issue of climate change. This thesis investigates the value of engaging non-experts with climate change at the individual level. Research demonstrates that individuals perceive climate change

Feigon, Brooke

277

Building America Technology Solutions for New and Existing Homes: Cold Climate Foundation Wall Hygrothermal Research Facility (Fact Sheet)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This case study describes the research conducted at the University of Minnesota’s Cloquet Residential Research Facility (CRRF) in northern Minnesota, which features more than 2,500 ft2 of below-grade space for building systems foundation hygrothermal research. Here, the NorthernSTAR Building America Partnership team researches ways to improve the energy efficiency of the building envelope, including wall assemblies, basements, roofs, insulation, and air leakage.

278

R. Leifer. R. Knuth, and H.-N. Lee Environmental Measurements...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

H.-N. Lee Environmental Measurements Laboratory U.S. Department of Energy 376 Hudson St. New York, NY 10014-3621 Climate research at the Environmental Measurements Laboratory (EML)...

279

In-House Research on Mercury Measurement and Control at NETL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

identifier identifier In-House Research on Mercury Measurement and Control at NETL identifier BACKGROUND T Over 32% of man-made emissions of Hg in U.S. are from coal-fired utilities. T Future regulation of utility emissions has been proposed by EPA. T Control of Hg emissions is complicated by low concentrations (~1 ppbv) and speciation variability. T EPA report suggests sorbent injection as a low- cost technique for mercury removal. T NETL's in-house research effort is conducted at both pilot and lab scales. identifier PILOT RESEARCH OBJECTIVES T Evaluate methods for measurement of mercury concentration and speciation. T Assess the technical performance of sorbent-based control technology by developing engineering databases. identifier identifier identifier PILOT WORK TESTING GOALS T Determine mass balances around pilot

280

Research Highlight  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Weather Prediction and Climate Simulation: a Meeting of the Models Submitter: Xie, S., Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Area of Research: General Circulation and Single...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "measurement climate research" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Research Highlight  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

ARM Climate Research Facility at the Southern Great Plains site to evaluate three major Numerical-Weather-Prediction reanalyses (ERA-Interim, NCEPNCAR Reanalysis I, and NCEPDOE...

282

Research Highlight  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Raman Lidar Observations of Aerosol Humidification Near Clouds Raman Lidar Observations of Aerosol Humidification Near Clouds Submitter: Ferrare, R. A., NASA - Langley Research Center Area of Research: Aerosol Properties Working Group(s): Aerosol Journal Reference: Ferrare, R., et al., Evaluation of Daytime Measurements of Aerosols and Water Vapor Made by an Operational Raman Lidar over the Southern Great Plains, J. Geophys. Res., 111, D05S08, doi:10.1029/2005JD005836, 2006. Relative humidity profiles derived from the Raman lidar during the ALIVE 2005 field experiment. Aerosol extinction profiles derived from the Raman lidar during the ALIVE 2005 field experiment. Aerosol humidification factor f(RH) from Raman lidar measured profiles of aerosol extinction and relative humidity. Upgrades to the Raman lidar at the ARM Climate Research Facility (ACRF)

283

Considering Climate Change in Hydropower Relicensing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Considering Climate Change in Hydropower Relicensing ENVIRONMENTAL AREA RESEARCH PIER Environmental climate change when relicensing hydropower units, stating that there is a lack of scientific information this project, researchers are conducting an environmental study on climate change for the Yuba River

284

Arnold Schwarzenegger DATA SOURCES FOR CLIMATE CHANGE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Arnold Schwarzenegger Governor DATA SOURCES FOR CLIMATE CHANGE RESEARCH WITH A COMPUTABLE GENERAL-Holst, University of California, Berkeley PIERPROJECTREPORT June 2007 CEC-500-2006-080 #12;California Climate Change for Climate Change Research with a Computable General Equilibrium (CGE) Model of the California Economy

285

Geologic and climatic controls on the formation of the Permian coal measures in the Sohagpur coal field, Madhya Pradesh, India  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and the Geological Survey of India (GSI) are concluding a cooperative study of the coking coal deposits in the Sohagpur coal field in central India. Because of the importance of coal in India's economy, the Coal Wing of the Geological Survey of India has studied the area intensely since the early 1980's. This report summarizes the overall stratigraphic, tectonic, and sedimentologic framework of the Sohagpur coal field area, and the interpretations of the geologic and climatic environments required for the accumulation of the thick Gondwana coal deposits, both coking and non-coking.

Milici, R.C.; Warwick, P.D.; Mukhopadhyah, A.; Adhikari, S.; Roy, S.P.; Bhattacharyya, S.

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Climate Change Science Institute at Oak Ridge National Laboratory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Climate Change Science Institute at Oak Ridge National Laboratory A multidisciplinary research fields. The Climate Change Science Institute at Oak Ridge National Laboratory routinely partners simulations to improve regional modeling of climate extremes - Partners from Oak Ridge, Lawrence Berkeley

287

Research Highlight  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Continuous Dataset of Water Vapor Measurements Throws Water on Assumptions Continuous Dataset of Water Vapor Measurements Throws Water on Assumptions of Cirrus Cloud Formation Submitter: Comstock, J. M., Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Area of Research: Cloud Distributions/Characterizations Working Group(s): Cloud Properties Journal Reference: Comstock, J. M., T. P. Ackerman, and D. D. Turner, 2004: Evidence of high ice supersaturation in cirrus clouds using ARM Raman lidar measurements. Geophys. Res. Letters, doi:10.1029/2004GL019705. To illustrate their findings, a continuous nine-hour segment of Raman lidar measurements showed upper tropospheric RHI measurements ranging from 120% near cloud tops and decreasing to about 70% at cloud base. To study the link between water vapor, cirrus cloud formation (homogenous and heterogenous) mechanisms, and their potential climatic impacts,

288

Mobile Facility Records Annual Climate Cycle in Niger, Africa  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Facility Records Annual Facility Records Annual Climate Cycle in Niger, Africa Because dust can block incoming solar energy, and because solar energy drives weather and climate, scientists around the world are looking for ways to better understand these natural phenomena. In 2006, scientists sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy's Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Climate Research Facility conducted a year-long field campaign in Niamey, Niger, to provide key information for the African Monsoon Multidisciplinary Analyses, or AMMA, project. During the 12-month experiment at the airport in Niamey, researchers used a portable atmospheric laboratory, airplanes, and satellites to collect information about clouds, aerosols, and solar and terrestrial energy in the skies above the site. Measurements obtained

289

Climate Change Science Institute | Clean Energy | ORNL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Climate Change Science Institute Climate Change Science Institute SHARE Climate Change Science Institute To advance understanding of the Earth system, describe the consequences of climate change, and evaluate and inform policy on the outcomes of climate change responses. The Climate Change Science Institute is an inter-disciplinary, cross-directorate research organization created in 2009 to advance climate change science research. More than 100 researchers from the Computing and Computational Sciences and the Energy and Environmental Sciences Directorates at ORNL actively participate in CCSI research. CCSI aims to understand the fate of carbon in the climate system-the central issue of greenhouse-gas-induced warming-so we can develop the predictive infrastructure to help answer questions about low-probability, high-impact

290

Global climate evolution during the last deglaciation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Arctic and Alpine Research, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309; m National Oceanic...891 – 894 . 80 Marlon JR ( 2009 ) Wildfire responses to abrupt climate change in North...Younger Dryas climate oscillation in the Colorado Rocky Mountains, USA . Geology 28...

Peter U. Clark; Jeremy D. Shakun; Paul A. Baker; Patrick J. Bartlein; Simon Brewer; Ed Brook; Anders E. Carlson; Hai Cheng; Darrell S. Kaufman; Zhengyu Liu; Thomas M. Marchitto; Alan C. Mix; Carrie Morrill; Bette L. Otto-Bliesner; Katharina Pahnke; James M. Russell; Cathy Whitlock; Jess F. Adkins; Jessica L. Blois; Jorie Clark; Steven M. Colman; William B. Curry; Ben P. Flower; Feng He; Thomas C. Johnson; Jean Lynch-Stieglitz; Vera Markgraf; Jerry McManus; Jerry X. Mitrovica; Patricio I. Moreno; John W. Williams

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Exploration of Climate Data Using Interactive Visualization  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In atmospheric and climate research, the increasing amount of data available from climate models and observations provides new challenges for data analysis. The authors present interactive visual exploration as an innovative approach to handle ...

Florian Ladstädter; Andrea K. Steiner; Bettina C. Lackner; Barbara Pirscher; Gottfried Kirchengast; Johannes Kehrer; Helwig Hauser; Philipp Muigg; Helmut Doleisch

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

LBA Data set Released from the Physical Climate Science Theme  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Physical Climate Science Research Theme Physical Climate Science Research Theme The ORNL DAAC announces the release of a data set from the Physical Climate (PC-06) Science theme of LBA. LBA-HMET PC-06 ECMWF Modeled Precipitation and Surface Flux, Rondonia, Brazil: 1999. Data set prepared by A.K. Betts and C. Jakob. This data set provides the mean diurnal cycle of precipitation, near-surface thermodynamics, and surface fluxes generated from short-term forecasts from the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) model. The ECMWF model was run for two LBA campaigns conducted in Rondonia, Brazil during January and February of 1999: Wet Season Atmospheric Mesoscale Campaign (WETAMC) and the Tropical Rainfall measuring Mission (TRMM). LBA was an international research initiative under the leadership of

293

The role of solar absorption in climate and climate change  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

role of solar absorption in climate and role of solar absorption in climate and climate change William Collins UC Berkeley and Lawrence Berkeley Lab with Andrew Conley, David Fillmore, and Phil Rasch National Center for Atmospheric Research Boulder, Colorado, USA 2 Prior Research on Absorption and Climate Field Experiments: * Central Equatorial Pacific Experiment * Indian Ocean Experiment Modeling studies of clouds: * The color of the planet * Climate with enhanced cloud absorption Synthesis of models and aerosol observations: * Development of aerosol assimilation * Application to aerosol/climate interactions 3 Natural and anthropogenic aerosols India, March 2000 California, October 2003 Africa, March 2003 4 Historical and projected sulfate emissions * Emissions from India have tripled in last 20 years of 20 th century..

294

Research options for the development of sensors to measure the thermal state of solid steel bodies.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of the study reported here is to assist Battelle's Pcacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) in planning a research and development program to develop temperature sensors for metal and ceramic industries. This study focuses on sensors to measure internal temperatures within bodies of hot steel. A series of literature surveys, interviews, field visits, and meetings with steel-industry organizations was conducted in seeking answers to questions posed by PNL. These questions, with responses, are summarized.

Gaspar, T.A.; Lownie, H.W. Jr.

1983-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Climate change and the importance of empowering citizens.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? Educational response to climate change is one of the measures to prepare people to combat climate change. This thesis explores the lived experiences of… (more)

Maharjan, Ramesh

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Emission Regulations Reduced Impact of Climate Change in CA  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Emission Regulations Emission Regulations Reduced Impact of Climate Change in CA Emission Regulations Reduced Impact of Climate Change in CA Study shows clean diesel programs slashed black carbon, a powerful short-term contributor to global warming June 13, 2013 | Tags: Climate Research, Hopper Jon Weiner 510-486-4014 jrweiner@lbl.gov CA-BC-graphic.jpg Sacramento - Reductions in emissions of black carbon since the late 1980s, mostly from diesel engines as a result of air quality programs, have resulted in a measurable reduction of concentrations of global warming pollutants in the atmosphere, according to a first-of-its-kind study examining the impact of black carbon on California's climate. The study, funded by the California Air Resources Board and led by Dr. Veerabhadran Ramanathan of the Scripps Institution of Oceanography at the

297

Global Climate Change Links  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Global Climate Change Links Global Climate Change Links This page provides links to web pages that we at CDIAC feel do a responsible job of presenting information and discussion pertinent to the science behind the global climate change ("global warming") debate. These sites include those on both sides of the debate; some asserting that global warming is a clear and present danger, and others that might be labeled global warming "skeptics." Some of these sites don't take a position per se; they exist to offer the public objective scientific information and results on our present understanding of the climate system. The list is not intended to be comprehensive, by any means. We hope it will be especially helpful for those who may be just beginning their research into global

298

INTERNATIONAL PACIFIC RESEARCH CENTER  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

INTERNATIONAL PACIFIC RESEARCH CENTER Annual Report April 2006 ­ March 2007 School of Ocean Research Center 1 2 The Year's Highlights 3 Research Accomplishments Indo-Pacific Ocean Climate 4 Regional-Ocean Ocean Climate: To understand climate variations in the Pacific and Indian oceans on inter- annual

Wang, Yuqing

299

Climate Change and National Security  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Climate change is increasingly recognized as having national security implications, which has prompted dialogue between the climate change and national security communities – with resultant advantages and differences. Climate change research has proven useful to the national security community sponsors in several ways. It has opened security discussions to consider climate as well as political factors in studies of the future. It has encouraged factoring in the stresses placed on societies by climate changes (of any kind) to help assess the potential for state stability. And it has shown that, changes such as increased heat, more intense storms, longer periods without rain, and earlier spring onset call for building climate resilience as part of building stability. For the climate change research community, studies from a national security point of view have revealed research lacunae, for example, such as the lack of usable migration studies. This has also pushed the research community to consider second- and third-order impacts of climate change, such as migration and state stability, which broadens discussion of future impacts beyond temperature increases, severe storms, and sea level rise; and affirms the importance of governance in responding to these changes. The increasing emphasis in climate change science toward research in vulnerability, resilience, and adaptation also frames what the intelligence and defense communities need to know, including where there are dependencies and weaknesses that may allow climate change impacts to result in security threats and where social and economic interventions can prevent climate change impacts and other stressors from resulting in social and political instability or collapse.

Malone, Elizabeth L.

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

ACARS Aerodynamic (Research Incorporated) Communication and Recording System  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

ix ix Acrononyms and Abbreviations Acronyms and Abbreviations ACARS Aerodynamic (Research Incorporated) Communication and Recording System ACSYS Arctic Climate System Study AER Atmospheric Environmental Research, Inc. AERI Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer AFOSR Air Force Office of Scientific Research AGARD Advisory Group for Aerospace Research and Development ALFA AER Local Forecast and Assimilation (model) AMIP Atmospheric Model Intercomparison Project ARCS Atmosphere Radiation and Cloud Stations ARCSS Arctic System Science (NSF) ARCSYM Arctic Regional Climate System Model ARINC Aerodynamic Research Incorporated Communication ARM Atmospheric Radiation Measurement program AS anvil stratus ASTER Atmosphere-Surface Turbulent Exchange Research ASTEX Altantic Stratocumulus Transition EXperiment

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "measurement climate research" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Research Highlight  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Hemispherical Simulations Show Impact of Aerosols on Cloud Reflectivity Hemispherical Simulations Show Impact of Aerosols on Cloud Reflectivity Submitter: Rotstayn, L., Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization Area of Research: Aerosol Properties Working Group(s): Aerosol Journal Reference: Rotstayn, L., and Y. Liu, Sensitivity of the First Indirect Aerosol Effect to an Increase in Cloud Droplet Spectral Dispersion with Droplet Number Concentration, Journal of Climate: Vol. 16, No. 21, pp.3476-3481, May 2003. Figure 1. Measurements of the relation between the relative dispersion of the cloud droplet spectrum and the cloud droplet number concentration (N). The lower, middle, and upper curves show the parameterizations used in the LOWER, MIDDLE, and UPPER simulations, respectively. A recent study by DOE Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program

302

Research Highlight  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Probabilistic Approach Useful for Evaluating Cloud System Models Probabilistic Approach Useful for Evaluating Cloud System Models Submitter: Jakob, C., Monash University Area of Research: General Circulation and Single Column Models/Parameterizations Working Group(s): Cloud Modeling Journal Reference: Jakob, C., R. Pincus, C. Hannay, and K.M. Xu (2004). Use of cloud radar observations for model evaluation: A probabilistic approach, J. Geophys. Res., 109, D03202, doi:10.1029/2003JD003473. In evaluating climate models, time and space represent key challenges when extrapolating observations into simulations. Researchers supported by DOE's Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program have explored an alternative method based on "point series data" to arrive at model cloud predictions. Point series data are obtained over time through measurements

303

A climate change index: Where climate change may be most prominent in the 21st century  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A climate change index: Where climate change may be most prominent in the 21st century Miche`le B; accepted 30 November 2006; published 10 January 2007. [1] A Climate Change Index (CCI) is developed to a single index that is a measure for the strength of future climate change relative to today's natural

Fischlin, Andreas

304

Research Highlight  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Spectral Invariant Behavior of Zenith Radiance Around Cloud Edges Observed Spectral Invariant Behavior of Zenith Radiance Around Cloud Edges Observed by ARM SWS Download a printable PDF Submitter: Marshak, A., NASA - Goddard Space Flight Center Knyazikhin, Y., Boston University Chiu, J., University of Reading Wiscombe, W. J., Brookhaven National Laboratory Area of Research: Radiation Processes Working Group(s): Radiative Processes Journal Reference: Marshak A, Y Knyazikhin, JC Chiu, and WJ Wiscombe. 2009. "Spectral invariant behavior of zenith radiance around cloud edges observed by ARM SWS." Geophysical Research Letters, 36, L16802, doi:10.1029/2009GL039366. (top) Time-wavelength color contour plot of ARM shortwave spectrometer (SWS) spectra measured from 21:35:24 to 21:40:24 UTC on 18 May 2007 at the ARM Climate Research Facility (ACRF) Southern Great Plains (SGP) site in

305

Global climate feedbacks  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The important physical, chemical, and biological events that affect global climate change occur on a mesoscale -- requiring high spatial resolution for their analysis. The Department of Energy has formulated two major initiatives under the US Global Change Program: ARM (Atmospheric Radiation Measurements), and CHAMMP (Computer Hardware Advanced Mathematics and Model Physics). ARM is designed to use ground and air-craft based observations to document profiles of atmospheric composition, clouds, and radiative fluxes. With research and models of important physical processes, ARM will delineate the relationships between trace gases, aerosol and cloud structure, and radiative transfer in the atmosphere, and will improve the parameterization of global circulation models. The present GCMs do not model important feedbacks, including those from clouds, oceans, and land processes. The purpose of this workshop is to identify such potential feedbacks, to evaluate the uncertainties in the feedback processes (and, if possible, to parameterize the feedback processes so that they can be treated in a GCM), and to recommend research programs that will reduce the uncertainties in important feedback processes. Individual reports are processed separately for the data bases.

Manowitz, B.

1990-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Climate Change 2007: Mitigation of Climate Change.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2007: Mitigation of Climate Change. Full report. WorkingIntergovernmental Panel on Climate Change www.webcda.it LaIntergovernmental Panel on Climate Change”. Il Rapporto

Schiavon, Stefano; Zecchin, Roberto

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Preliminary Measurements From A New Flat Plate Facility For Aerodynamic Research  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper details the design and preliminary measurements used in the characterisation of a new flat plate research facility. The facility is designed specifically to aid in the understanding of entropy generation throughout the boundary layer with special attention given to non-equilibrium flows. Hot-wire measurements were obtained downstream of two turbulence generating grids. The turbulence intensity, integral and dissipation length scale ranges measured are 1.6%-7%, 5mm-17mm and 0.7mm-7mm, respectively. These values compared well to existing correlations. The flow downstream of both grids was found to be homogenous and isotropic. Flow visualisation is employed to determine aerodynamic parameters such as flow 2-dimensionality and the effect of the flap angle on preventing separation at the leading edge. The flow was found to be 2-dimensional over all measurement planes. The non-dimensional pressure distribution of a modern turbine blade suction surface is simulated on the flat plate through the use of a variable upper wall. The Reynolds number range based on wetted plate length and inlet velocity is 70,000-4,000,000.

D. M. McEligot; D. W. Nigg; E. J. Walsh; D. Hernon; M.R.D. Davies

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

NREL Solar Radiation Research Laboratory (SRRL): Baseline Measurement System (BMS); Golden, Colorado (Data)  

DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

The SRRL was established at the Solar Energy Research Institute (now NREL) in 1981 to provide continuous measurements of the solar resources, outdoor calibrations of pyranometers and pyrheliometers, and to characterize commercially available instrumentation. The SRRL is an outdoor laboratory located on South Table Mountain, a mesa providing excellent solar access throughout the year, overlooking Denver. Beginning with the basic measurements of global horizontal irradiance, direct normal irradiance and diffuse horizontal irradiance at 5-minute intervals, the SRRL Baseline Measurement System now produces more than 130 data elements at 1-min intervals that are available from the Measurement & Instrumentation Data Center Web site. Data sources include global horizontal, direct normal, diffuse horizontal (from shadowband and tracking disk), global on tilted surfaces, reflected solar irradiance, ultraviolet, infrared (upwelling and downwelling), photometric and spectral radiometers, sky imagery, and surface meteorological conditions (temperature, relative humidity, barometric pressure, precipitation, snow cover, wind speed and direction at multiple levels). Data quality control and assessment include daily instrument maintenance (M-F) with automated data quality control based on real-time examinations of redundant instrumentation and internal consistency checks using NREL's SERI-QC methodology. Operators are notified of equipment problems by automatic e-mail messages generated by the data acquisition and processing system. Radiometers are recalibrated at least annually with reference instruments traceable to the World Radiometric Reference (WRR).

Stoffel, T.; Andreas, A.

309

Developing fast and efficient climate models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

report from Tyndall research project IT 1.31 Planning and Prototyping a Climate Module for the Tyndall The aim of this project was to develop a fast and efficient climate model, as a vital componentDeveloping fast and efficient climate models John Shepherd, Peter Challenor, Bob Marsh, Mark

Williamson, Mark

310

Arnold Schwarzenegger CLIMATE CHANGE IMPLICATIONS FOR  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

), Nicholas E. Graham (HRC, climate modeling and project CoPI), Eylon Shamir (HRC, hydrologic modelingArnold Schwarzenegger Governor CLIMATE CHANGE IMPLICATIONS FOR MANAGING NORTHERN CALIFORNIA WATER on the management of the Northern California water and power system under a changing climate. The research results

311

SURFRAD—A National Surface Radiation Budget Network for Atmospheric Research  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A surface radiation budget observing network (SURFRAD) has been established for the United States to support satellite retrieval validation, modeling, and climate, hydrology, and weather research. The primary measurements are the downwelling ...

John A. Augustine; John J. DeLuisi; Charles N. Long

2000-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Climatic Change (2010) 101:201234 DOI 10.1007/s10584-009-9782-0  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, The Netherlands E. Zorita GKSS Research Centre, Geesthacht, Germany #12;202 Climatic Change (2010) 101

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

313

climate change | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

climate change climate change Home Graham7781's picture Submitted by Graham7781(1992) Super contributor 18 January, 2013 - 15:46 U.S. Global Change Research Program publishes "National Climate Assessment" report for United States climate change drought OpenEI sea level rise temperatures U.S. Global Climate Change program The U.S. Global Change Research Program, established under the Department of Commerce in 2010, and partnered with NOAA, released an extensive National Climate Assessment report, projecting future climate changes in the United States under different scenarios. The 1,200 page report highlights some rather grim findings about the future of climate change. Here are 5 of the more disconcerting graphics from the report: 1. U.S. Average Temperatures Syndicate content

314

Hope after genocide Murdoch researchers help  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Biodiesel from algae, photovoltaic research, wind turbine quality assurance and testing programs, climate

315

Climate Data Online (CDO) | Data.gov  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Climate Data Online (CDO) Climate Data Online (CDO) Agriculture Community Menu DATA APPS EVENTS DEVELOPER STATISTICS COLLABORATE ABOUT Agriculture You are here Data.gov » Communities » Agriculture » Data Climate Data Online (CDO) Dataset Summary Description Climate Data online or CDO provides access to climate data products through a simple, searchable online web mapping service. Users can find a variety of NCDC products via CDO including the Global Historical Climatology Network-Daily and the new 1981-2010 Annual, Monthly and Daily 30-year Normals. Tags {"climate data","climatological data","weather data",temperature,precipitation,drought,wind,dewpoint,satellite,hurricane,storm,snow,"climate center","climate research","NCDC National Climatic Data Center","natural resources",environment,water,air,soil,"weather "}

316

PROCEEDINGS OF RIKEN/BNL RESEARCH CENTER WORKSHOP FUTURE TRANSVERSITY MEASUREMENTS (VOLUME 29).  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The RIKEN-BNL Research Center workshop on ''Future Transversity Measurements'' was held at BNL from September 18-20, 2000. The main goal of the workshop was to explore future measurements of transversity distributions. This issue is of importance to the RHIC experiments, which will study polarized proton-proton collisions with great precision. One of the workshop's goals was to enhance interactions between the DIS community at HERA and the spin community at RHIC in this field. The workshop has been well received by the participants; the number of 69 registered participants demonstrates broad interest in the workshop's topics. The program contained 35 talks and there was ample time for lively discussions. The program covered all recent work in the field and in addition some very elucidating educational talks were given. At the workshop the present status of the field was discussed and it has succeeded in stimulating new experimental and theoretical studies (e.g. model calculations for interference fragmentation functions (IFF), IFF analysis at DELPHI). It also functioned to focus attention on the open questions that need to be resolved for near future experiments. In general, the conclusions were optimistic, i.e. measuring the transversity functions seems to be possible, although some new experimental hurdles will have to be taken.

Boer, D.; Grosse Perdekamp, M.

2001-01-02T23:59:59.000Z

317

Climate forcing Climate forcing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

parameters (solar distance factors) solar luminosity moon orbit volcanoes and other geothermal sources,000 years (large panels) and since 1750 (inset panels). Measurements are shown from ice cores (symbols forcings are shown on the right hand axes of the large panels. {Figure 6.4} !"#$#%&'(!&#)$&*$+#$,-.$/0

MacKinnon, Jennifer

318

Research Highlight  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Broadband Albedo Observations in the Southern Great Plains Broadband Albedo Observations in the Southern Great Plains Submitter: Lamb, P. J., University of Oklahoma Area of Research: Aerosol Properties Working Group(s): Aerosol Journal Reference: Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, Vol. 45, 2006, pp. 210-235. Figure 1 Figure 2 Because surface reflection of solar radiation plays a fundamental role in the surface energy budget, knowledge of its spatial and temporal variability is important for understanding the weather and climate of a specific region. Research instrumentation at the U.S. Southern Great Plains site-one of three locales around the world managed by the U.S. Department of Energy's Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program-continuously collects these types of data to help scientist investigate differences in

319

Study Climate and Global Change  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

What We Study How We Study Prepare The Nation For Change Assess the U.S. Climate Make Our Science Accessible Link Climate Change & Health Provide Data and Tools Coordinate Internationally Study Climate and Global Change Print E-mail Deforestation What is global change? "Global change" refers to changes in the global environment that may alter the capacity of the Earth to sustain life. This includes alterations in: Climate Land productivity Oceans or other water resources Atmospheric chemistry Ecological systems Demographic and socioeconomic trends What is global change research? According to the Global Change Research Act of 1990, "Global change research" refers to the study, monitoring, assessment, prediction, and information management activities used to describe and understand the:

320

Building Technologies Office: Building America Climate-Specific Guidance  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

America America Climate-Specific Guidance to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Building America Climate-Specific Guidance on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Building America Climate-Specific Guidance on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Building America Climate-Specific Guidance on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Building America Climate-Specific Guidance on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Building America Climate-Specific Guidance on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Building America Climate-Specific Guidance on AddThis.com... About Take Action to Save Energy Partner With DOE Activities Solar Decathlon Building America Research Innovations Research Tools Building Science Education

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "measurement climate research" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Carbon dioxide and climate  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Scientific and public interest in greenhouse gases, climate warming, and global change virtually exploded in 1988. The Department's focused research on atmospheric CO{sub 2} contributed sound and timely scientific information to the many questions produced by the groundswell of interest and concern. Research projects summarized in this document provided the data base that made timely responses possible, and the contributions from participating scientists are genuinely appreciated. In the past year, the core CO{sub 2} research has continued to improve the scientific knowledge needed to project future atmospheric CO{sub 2} concentrations, to estimate climate sensitivity, and to assess the responses of vegetation to rising concentrations of CO{sub 2} and to climate change. The Carbon Dioxide Research Program's goal is to develop sound scientific information for policy formulation and governmental action in response to changes of atmospheric CO{sub 2}. The Program Summary describes projects funded by the Carbon Dioxide Research Program during FY 1990 and gives a brief overview of objectives, organization, and accomplishments.

Not Available

1990-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

ORIGINAL ARTICLE Synergisms between climate change mitigation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

but increasingly so in developing countries and economies in transition. Certain measures that integrate climateORIGINAL ARTICLE Synergisms between climate change mitigation and adaptation: an insurance an aggregator of the impacts of climate change and a market actor able to play a material role in decreasing

323

aerosols and climate : uncertainties  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

contributes to creating a level playing field. (BC emissions tradeble like CO2 emissions?) OUTLINE #12;size. policy measures, is even more uncertain (emissions & their chemical fingerprint are uncertain (not just aerosol emissions, not just climate impacts) OUTLINE #12;- Standardization doesn't reduce

324

Climate Systems and Climate Change Is Climate Change Real?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Chapter 10 Climate Systems and Climate Change #12;Is Climate Change Real? 1980 1898 2005 2003 #12;Arctic Sea Ice Changes #12;Observed Global Surface Air Temperature #12;! Current climate: weather station data, remote sensing data, numerical modeling using General Circulation Models (GCM) ! Past climate

Pan, Feifei

325

Market-based mechanisms for climate change adaptation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Climate Change and Energy Efficiency) and the National Climate Change Adaptation Research FacilityMarket-based mechanisms for climate change adaptation Final Report John McAneney, Ryan Crompton FOR CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION Assessing the potential for and limits to insurance and market-based mechanisms

Colorado at Boulder, University of

326

Climate-Energy Nexus  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The 140-page published proceedings of the workshop include individual articles and PowerPoint slides for all workshop presentations. The proceedings also contain pertinent background information on the China-US Joint Research Center, partnering organizations, and workshop goals and objectives. Overall, the workshop increased the understanding of the impacts of climate change on energy use and renewable energy production as well as the complex relationships among land use, energy production, and ecological restoration. The workshop served as an international platform for scientists and students of different research backgrounds to develop a unified perspective on energy and climate relationships. Such understanding will benefit future cooperation between China and the US in mitigating global climate change. The workshop’s agenda, which is highly interdisciplinary, explored many potential opportunities for international collaboration in ecosystem management, climate modeling, greenhouse gas emissions, and bioenergy sustainability. International research groups have been suggested in the areas of genomes and biotechnology of energy plants, sustainable management of soil and water resources, carbon sequestration, and microbial processes for ecological cycles. The project has attracted considerable attention from institutes beyond the China-US Joint Research Center partners, and several of them (such as Institute of Qing-Tibet Plateau Research, Institute of Soil and Water Conservation, Institute of Applied Ecology, CAS) have expressed interest in joining the partnership. In addition, the workshop played a significant role in facilitating establishment of private-public partnerships between government and private bioenergy companies (such as L.R. Shugarts and Associates, Inc.), including seed providers (Blade Energy Crops, Thousand Oaks, CA), pilot demonstration projects at coal-producing cities (e.g., Huaibei, Anhui province, China), and the development of methodology for assessment of the sustainable production of biofuels (such as life-cycle analysis, sustainability metrics, and land-use policy). Establishment of two US-China scientific research networks in the area of bioenergy and environmental science is a significant result of the workshop.

Gary Sayler; Randall Gentry; Jie Zhuang

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Geoengineering the Earth's Climate  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Emergency preparedness is generally considered to be a good thing, yet there is no plan regarding what we might do should we be faced with a climate emergency. Such an emergency could take the form of a rapid shift in precipitation patterns, a collapse of the great ice sheets, the imminent triggering of strong climate system feedbacks, or perhaps the loss of valuable ecosystems. Over the past decade, we have used climate models to investigate the potential to reverse some of the effects of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere by deflecting some incoming sunlight back to space. This would probably be most cost-effectively achieved with the placement of small particles in or above the stratosphere. Our model simulations indicate that such geoengineering approaches could potentially bring our climate closer to the state is was in prior to the introduction of greenhouse gases. This talk will present much of what is known about such geoengineering approaches, and raise a range of issues likely to stimulate lively discussion. Speaker: Ken Caldeira Ken Caldeira is a scientist at the Carnegie Institution Department of Global Ecology and a Professor (by courtesy) at the Stanford University Department of Environmental and Earth System Sciences. Previously, he worked for 12 years in the Energy and Environment Directorate at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (Department of Energy). His research interests include the numerical simulation of Earth's climate, carbon, and biogeochemistry; ocean acidification; climate emergency response systems; evaluating approaches to supplying environmentally-friendly energy services; ocean carbon sequestration; long-term evolution of climate and geochemical cycles; and marine biogeochemical cycles. Caldeira has a B.A. in Philosophy from Rutgers College and an M.S. and Ph.D. in Atmospheric Sciences from New York University.

Google Tech Talks

2008-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

328

Research Highlight  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Validating Single Column Models with ARM Data Validating Single Column Models with ARM Data Submitter: Somerville, R. C., Scripps Institution of Oceanography Area of Research: General Circulation and Single Column Models/Parameterizations Working Group(s): Cloud Modeling Journal Reference: Iacobellis, S.F., McFarquhar, G.M., Mitchell, D.L., and Somerville, R.C.J., 2003: "The Sensitivity of Radiative Fluxes to Parameterized Cloud Microphysics," J. Climate 16(18): 2979-2996. Scientists validated the results of both models by comparing them with the solar radiation as measured by the ARM instruments in the same grid cell. Scientists compared predictions of two models (red and blue lines) with measurements taken by ARM instruments (yellow line) at the same location. The models predict the amount and optical properties of clouds and the

329

Research Highlight  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Critical Evaluation of the ICARUS Portion of the ISCCP Simulator Using ARM Critical Evaluation of the ICARUS Portion of the ISCCP Simulator Using ARM Data Download a printable PDF Submitter: Mace, G., Utah State University Area of Research: General Circulation and Single Column Models/Parameterizations Working Group(s): Cloud Life Cycle Journal Reference: Mace GG, S Houser, S Benson, SA Klein, and QL Min. 2011. "Critical evaluation of the ISCCP simulator using ground-based remote sensing data." Journal of Climate, 24(6), doi:10.1175/2010JCLI3517.1. Figure 1. Comparison of actual cloud top pressure from ARM remote sensors compared to ISCCP (top) and after the ICARUS algorithm has been used to convert the measured cloud top pressures to ISCCP-like quantities (bottom). Figure 2. Comparison of various measures of optical depth. Top left shows

330

Research Highlight  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Ground-Based Cloud Measurements Utilized to Evaluate the Simulation of Ground-Based Cloud Measurements Utilized to Evaluate the Simulation of Arctic Clouds in CCSM4 Download a printable PDF Submitter: de Boer, G., University of Colorado, Boulder/CIRES Area of Research: General Circulation and Single Column Models/Parameterizations Working Group(s): Cloud Life Cycle Journal Reference: de Boer G, W Chapman, JE Kay, B Medeiros, MD Shupe, S Vavrus, and JE Walsh. 2011. "A characterization of the present-day Arctic atmosphere in CCSM4." Journal of Climate, 25(8), doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-11-00228.1. Time-height cross-sections of simulated (top) and observed (second row) cloud phase at Barrow, Alaska. The difference between the frequencies of occurrence of each phase is indicated in the third row. Monthly distributions of liquid (dark) and ice (light) water paths at

331

Using ecological and life-history characteristics for projecting species' responses to climate change  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

were used to project sensitiv- ity to climate change basedapproach to project spe- cies’ responses to climate warmingclimate change cal research: experiences and legacy of the ALARM project.

Pompe, Sven; Hanspach, Jan; Badeck, Franz W.; Klotz, Stefan; Bruelheide, Helge; Kühn, Ingolf

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Graduate Opportunities in Earth Systems Modeling and Climate Impacts on Hydrology and Water Resources  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Graduate Opportunities in Earth Systems Modeling and Climate Impacts on Hydrology and Water research assistantships available in the general area of earth systems modeling and climate impacts

333

Information Theory and Climate Prediction  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper introduces the use of information theory in characterizing climate predictability. Specifically, the concepts of entropy and transinformation are employed. Entropy measures the amount of uncertainty in our knowledge of the state of the ...

Lai-Yung Leung; Gerald R. North

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Simulation of landscape disturbances and the effect of climatic change  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this research is to understand how changes in climate may affect the structure of landscapes that are subject to periodic disturbances. A general model useful for examining the linkage between climatic change and landscape change has been developed. The model makes use of synoptic climatic data, a geographical information system (GRASS), field data on the location of disturbance patches, simulation code written in the SIMSCRIPT language, and a set of landscape structure analysis programs written specifically for this research project. A simplified version of the model, lacking the climatic driver, has been used to analyze how changes in disturbance regimes (in this case settlement and fire suppression) affect landscape change. Landscape change lagged in its response to changes in the disturbance regime, but the lags differed depending upon the character of the change and the particular measure considered. The model will now be modified for use in a specific setting to analyze the effects of changes in climate on the structure of flood-disturbed patches along the Animas River, Colorado.

Baker, W.L.

1993-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

335

Influence of spatial resolution on regional climate model derived wind climates  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of northern Europe is more profound in the wind extremes than in the central tendency. The domain are of similar magnitude to the climate change signal in extreme wind events derived in prior research and mayInfluence of spatial resolution on regional climate model derived wind climates S. C. Pryor,1 G

Pryor, Sara C.

336

Regional Climate Modeling: Progress, Challenges, and Prospects  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Regional climate modeling with regional climate models (RCMs) has matured over the past decade and allows for meaningful utilization in a broad spectrum of applications. In this paper, latest progresses in regional climate modeling studies are reviewed, including RCM development, applications of RCMs to dynamical downscaling for climate change assessment, seasonal climate predictions and climate process studies, and the study of regional climate predictability. Challenges and potential directions of future research in this important area are discussed, with the focus on those to which less attention has been given previously, such as the importance of ensemble simulations, further development and improvement of regional climate modeling approach, modeling extreme climate events and sub-daily variation of clouds and precipitation, model evaluation and diagnostics, applications of RCMs to climate process studies and seasonal predictions, and development of regional earth system models. It is believed that with both the demonstrated credibility of RCMs’ capability in reproducing not only monthly to seasonal mean climate and interannual variability but also the extreme climate events when driven by good quality reanalysis and the continuous improvements in the skill of global general circulation models (GCMs) in simulating large-scale atmospheric circulation, regional climate modeling will remain an important dynamical downscaling tool for providing the needed information for assessing climate change impacts and seasonal climate predictions, and a powerful tool for improving our understanding of regional climate processes. An internationally coordinated effort can be developed with different focuses by different groups to advance regional climate modeling studies. It is also recognized that since the final quality of the results from nested RCMs depends in part on the realism of the large-scale forcing provided by GCMs, the reduction of errors and improvement in physics parameterizations in both GCMs and RCMs remain a priority for climate modeling community.

Wang, Yuqing; Leung, Lai R.; McGregor, John L.; Lee, Dong-Kyou; Wang, Wei-Chyung; Ding, Yihui; Kimura, Fujio

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

{open_quotes}Virtual climate{close_quotes} and climate change assessment: Paving the way for workable climate change policies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A climate change assessment framework that integrates physical change with societal vulnerability is proposed. The purpose of the assessment would be to focus research on the physical science uncertainties with the most potential to adversely affect key economic, political, and cultural activities. The framework centers on the concept of virtual climate, which is defined as the large-scale, protracted, and routinized augmentation/offset of natural climatic conditions. The assessment process would focus on the superimposition of climate change on those socio-cultural factors that determine the degree to which specific societal groups (regions) have already offset climate conditions to support preferred patterns of life.

Herrick, C.N. [National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Washington, DC (United States)

1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

338

Review: Global Climate Change  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

introduction to global climate change, the greenhouseReview: Global Climate Change: A Primer By Orrin H PilkeyPilkey, Keith C. Global Climate Change: a primer. Durham,

Smith, Jennifer

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Full-Automatic XAFS Measurement System of the Engineering Science Research II beamline BL14B2 at SPring-8  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Engineering Science Research II beamline BL14B2 at SPring-8 is a hard X-ray bending magnet beamline covering the wide energy range from 3.8 to 72 keV, and has been open to XAFS users since September 2007. The gas distribution and exhaust gas treatment systems have been installed for the in-situ XAFS measurements. Recent improvements in the speed of XAFS measurements have increased the demand for automated measurements. We have developed such a system, in which the adjustment of X-ray optics and the XAFS measurement in transmission mode can be performed automatically.

Honma, Tetsuo; Takagaki, Masashi [Japan Synchrotron Radiation Research Institute, 1-1-1, kouto, Sayo, Hyogo 679-5198 (Japan); Oji, Hiroshi; Hirayama, Sayaka; Taniguchi, Yosuke; Ofuchi, Hironori [Japan Synchrotron Radiation Research Institute, 1-1-1, kouto, Sayo, Hyogo 679-5198 (Japan); SPring-8 Service Co., Ltd., 2-23-1 Kouto, Kamigori, Hyogo 678-1205 (Japan)

2010-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

340

Full?Automatic XAFS Measurement System of the Engineering Science Research II beamline BL14B2 at SPring?8  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Engineering Science Research II beamline BL14B2 at SPring?8 is a hard X?ray bending magnet beamline covering the wide energy range from 3.8 to 72 keV and has been open to XAFS users since September 2007. The gas distribution and exhaust gas treatment systems have been installed for the in?situ XAFS measurements. Recent improvements in the speed of XAFS measurements have increased the demand for automated measurements. We have developed such a system in which the adjustment of X?ray optics and the XAFS measurement in transmission mode can be performed automatically.

Tetsuo Honma; Hiroshi Oji; Sayaka Hirayama; Yosuke Taniguchi; Hironori Ofuchi; Masashi Takagaki

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "measurement climate research" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

On the use of imagery for climate change engagement Saffron J. O'Neill a,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on Climate Change (IPCC) report stated that climate warming is `unequivocal' (Solomon et al., 2007 to a research gap concerning the visual representation of climate change. We present results from three Q-methodology

Colorado at Boulder, University of

342

Climatic extremes improve predictions of spatial patterns of tree species  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Climatic extremes improve predictions of spatial patterns of tree species Niklaus E. Zimmermanna,1 of climate extremes suggests the importance of understanding their additional influence on range limits. Here, we assess how measures representing climate extremes (i.e., interannual variability in climate

Zimmermann, Niklaus E.

343

Present Research Situation and Trend of Temperature Measurement and Control Technology for Dry-type Transformers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The thermal resistance temperature measure-ment technique is widely used in the temperature measurement and control systems for dry-type transfor-mers. The infrared temperature measurement technique has been put into practical use. The fiber-optic sensing temperature measurement technique is newly developed and has a good development prospect. All these three kinds of temperature measurement techniques have too low response speed in the temperature measurement and control of dry-type transformers. The prediction temp-erature measurement and control method based on the BP neural network is feasible to increase the response speed.

Feng Jian-qin; Kang Guo-ping; Chen Zhi-wu; Zheng An-ping; Wei Yun-bing; Cui Guang-zhao

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

INTERNATIONAL PACIFIC RESEARCH CENTER  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

INTERNATIONAL PACIFIC RESEARCH CENTER APRIL 2004­MARCH 2005 REPORT SCHOOL OF OCEAN AND EARTH RESEARCH HIGHLIGHTS Indo-Pacific Ocean Climate Pacific Research Center Design by: Susan Yamamoto Printed by: Hagadone Printing Company Photo: Waikiki

Wang, Yuqing

345

Research Highlight  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Modified Climate Model Better Replicates Global Rainfall Modified Climate Model Better Replicates Global Rainfall Submitter: Bhattacharya, A., Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Area of Research: Cloud-Aerosol-Precipitation Interactions Working Group(s): Cloud-Aerosol-Precipitation Interactions Journal Reference: Song X, GJ Zhang, and JF Li. 2012. "Evaluation of microphysics parameterization for convective clouds in the NCAR Community Atmosphere Model CAM5." Journal of Climate, 25(24), doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-11-00563.1. Rainfall in the tropics. By improving an existing, sophisticated, global climate model, scientists can now simulate cloud and rainfall more accurately. Supported by the U.S. Department of Energy's Atmospheric System Research program, a research team from the Scripps Institution of Oceanography and

346

Research Highlight  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Parameterizing the Ice Fall Speed in Climate Models: Results from TC4 and Parameterizing the Ice Fall Speed in Climate Models: Results from TC4 and ISDAC Download a printable PDF Submitter: Mitchell, D. L., Desert Research Institute Mishra, S., NOAA - Coop. Inst. for Mesoscale Meteorological Studies Area of Research: General Circulation and Single Column Models/Parameterizations Working Group(s): Cloud Life Cycle, Cloud-Aerosol-Precipitation Interactions Journal Reference: Mitchell DL, S Mishra, and RP Lawson. 2011. "Representing the ice fall speed in climate models: Results from Tropical Composition, Cloud and Climate Coupling (TC4) and the Indirect and Semi-Direct Aerosol Campaign (ISDAC)." Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres, 116, D00T03, doi:10.1029/2010JD015433. Relationship between De and Vm for all tropical cirrus cloud types (solid

347

Climate Change and Extinctions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Lectures presents: Climate Change and Extinctions Happening2013. He will present a climate change extinction model that

Sinervo, Barry

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

A Preliminary Proposal UWM Climate Change and Sustainable Development Institute  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Urban Planning, Atmospheric Sciences, Economics, Education, Energy, Engineering, Environmental Science: The UWM Climate Change and Sustainable Development Institute will combine research, education, and publicA Preliminary Proposal UWM Climate Change and Sustainable Development Institute Background: Global

Saldin, Dilano

349

Forests and climate change focus of Frontiers in Science lectures  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Frontiers in Science lectures Forests and climate change focus of Frontiers in Science lectures LANL researcher Nate McDowell will discuss climate change and its effects on forest...

350

Atlantic Climate Variability and Predictability: A CLIVAR Perspective  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Three interrelated climate phenomena are at the center of the Climate Variability and Predictability (CLIVAR) Atlantic research: tropical Atlantic variability (TAV), the North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO), and the Atlantic meridional overturning ...

J. W. Hurrell; M. Visbeck; A. Busalacchi; R. A. Clarke; T. L. Delworth; R. R. Dickson; W. E. Johns; K. P. Koltermann; Y. Kushnir; D. Marshall; C. Mauritzen; M. S. McCartney; A. Piola; C. Reason; G. Reverdin; F. Schott; R. Sutton; I. Wainer; D. Wright

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

NETL: Onsite Research & Development Programs  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Research Portfolio Publications Patents Awards Partnering With Us About Us Contacts Staff Search Coal Research In response to concerns of climate change, the United States is...

352

Idaho National Laboratory/Nuclear Power Industry Strategic Plan for Light Water Reactor Research and Development An Industry-Government Partnership to Address Climate Change and Energy Security  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The dual issues of energy security and climate change mitigation are driving a renewed debate over how to best provide safe, secure, reliable and environmentally responsible electricity to our nation. The combination of growing energy demand and aging electricity generation infrastructure suggests major new capacity additions will be required in the years ahead.

Electric Power Research

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

Buildings and Climate Change | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Buildings and Climate Change Buildings and Climate Change Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Buildings and Climate Change Agency/Company /Organization: United Nations Environment Programme Sector: Energy Focus Area: Energy Efficiency, Buildings Topics: Policies/deployment programs, Pathways analysis Resource Type: Publications, Lessons learned/best practices Website: www.unep.org/sbci/pdfs/SBCI-BCCSummary.pdf Buildings and Climate Change Screenshot References: Buildings and Climate Change[1] "This report - Buildings & Climate Change: A Summary for Decision-makers draws together the findings of three years of research by UNEP's Sustainable Buildings & Climate Initiative (SBCI) and it's partners. It sets out priority actions that can be taken by policy makers and industry

354

Climate Human Capital | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Climate Human Capital Climate Human Capital Jump to: navigation, search Name Climate Human Capital Place London, United Kingdom Zip W1K 6NG Sector Carbon, Renewable Energy, Services Product Green executive search company, listed in London's PLUS marketplace since 30 MArch 2010, focusing on the following target sectors: Carbon Markets, Environmental Sciences, Research and Advisory, Financial Services, Renewable Energy Generation and Policy. References Climate Human Capital[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Climate Human Capital is a company located in London, United Kingdom . References ↑ "Climate Human Capital" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Climate_Human_Capital&oldid=343709

355

INTERNATIONAL PACIFIC RESEARCH CENTER  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

INTERNATIONAL PACIFIC RESEARCH CENTER APRIL 2005­MARCH 2006 REPORT SCHOOL OF OCEAN AND EARTH Center 1 The Year's Highlights 3 Indo-Pacific Ocean Climate 4 Regional-Ocean Influences 10 Asian Ocean Climate: To understand climate variations in the Pacific and Indian oceans on interannual

Wang, Yuqing

356

Research Highlight  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

The Vertical Structure of Cloud Radiative Forcing at the ACRF SGP Revealed The Vertical Structure of Cloud Radiative Forcing at the ACRF SGP Revealed by 8 Years of Continuous Measurements Submitter: Mace, G., Utah State University Area of Research: Cloud Distributions/Characterizations Working Group(s): Cloud Modeling, Cloud Properties Journal Reference: Accepted to Journal of Climate, 2007. Figure 1. Cloud occurrence, coverage, radiative forcing, and radiation effects over a composite annual cycle that is derived by averaging all observations collected during a particular month for all years. a) cloud occurrence in 100 mb vertical bins, b) cloud coverage, c) infrared cloud radiative forcing in 100 mb vertical bins, d) solar cloud radiative forcing, e) net cloud radiative forcing, f,g,h) solar (dotted), IR (solid), and net (dashed) cloud radiative effect for TOA (f), atmosphere (g), and

357

Research Highlight  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Aerosol Experiment Results Featured in Technical Journal Aerosol Experiment Results Featured in Technical Journal Submitter: Sheridan, P., U.S. Department of Commerce/NOAA Area of Research: Aerosol Properties Working Group(s): Aerosol Journal Reference: Sheridan, P, W Arnott, J Ogren, E Andrews, D Atkinson, D Covert, H Moosmuller, A Petzold, B Schmid, A Strawa, R Varma, and A Virkkula. 2005. "The Reno Aerosol Optics Study: An evaluation of aerosol absorption measurement methods." Aerosol Science and Technology 39(1):1-16. This magnification shows the size of aerosol particles relative to the pore size of the filter used during one of the study's sampling runs. Aerosol particles are gaining increasing scientific attention as a key factor in climate change. Through scattering and absorption of solar radiation, or by altering cloud properties, aerosols have the potential to

358

Research Highlight  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Detangling Convective Oscillations at ARM Tropical Western Pacific Site: Detangling Convective Oscillations at ARM Tropical Western Pacific Site: Manus Submitter: Wang, Y., Department of Geography Long, C. N., Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Mather, J. H., Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Liu, X., Institute of Earth Environment Area of Research: Radiation Processes Working Group(s): Cloud Properties Journal Reference: Wang Y, C Long, J Mather, and X Liu. 2010. "Convective signals from surface measurements at ARM Tropical Western Pacific site: Manus." Climate Dynamics, , doi:10.1007/s00382-009-0736-z. Figure 1: (A) The time series includes the clear-sky shortwave (SW) flux (blue) and the all-sky SW flux (black) over Manus. The green line indicates a 60-day running mean. (B) Wavelet power (WP) of CRF (color shading) with

359

Atmospheric and Climate Science | Argonne National Laboratory  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Atmospheric and Climate Science Atmospheric and Climate Science Argonne research in aerosols, micro-meteorology, remote sensing, and atmospheric chemistry combined with our scalable, portable, high-performance climate and weather applications offer a unique look at the complexities of a dynamic planet. Changes in climate can affect biodiversity, the cost of food, our health, and even whole economies. Argonne is developing computational models and tools designed to shed light on complex biological processes and their economic, social, and health effects. Research spans the molecular level to whole organisms and their interaction with climate, the ecosystem, and human activities. The goal is to improve our understanding of the world around us while increasing the accuracy of regional climate models to

360

Visiting Scientists and Researchers  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

this research will lead to improved representation of cloud and land surface feedbacks in climate models. This project will also enhance ACRF capabilities by expanding into...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "measurement climate research" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

First Steps Toward a Quality of Climate Finance Scorecard (QUODA-CF): Creating a Comparative Index to Assess International Climate Finance Contributions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Are climate finance contributor countries, multilateral aid agencies and specialized funds using widely accepted best practices in foreign assistance? How is it possible to measure and compare international climate finance contributions when there are as yet no established metrics or agreed definitions of the quality of climate finance? As a subjective metric, quality can mean different things to different stakeholders, while of donor countries, recipients and institutional actors may place quality across a broad spectrum of objectives. This subjectivity makes the assessment of the quality of climate finance contributions a useful and necessary exercise, but one that has many challenges. This work seeks to enhance the development of common definitions and metrics of the quality of climate finance, to understand what we can about those areas where climate finance information is available and shine a light on the areas where there is a severe dearth of data. Allowing for comparisons of the use of best practices across funding institutions in the climate sector could begin a process of benchmarking performance, fostering learning across institutions and driving improvements when incorporated in internal evaluation protocols of those institutions. In the medium term, this kind of benchmarking and transparency could support fundraising in contributor countries and help build trust with recipient countries. As a feasibility study, this paper attempts to outline the importance of assessing international climate finance contributions while describing the difficulties in arriving at universally agreed measurements and indicators for assessment. In many cases, data are neither readily available nor complete, and there is no consensus on what should be included. A number of indicators are proposed in this study as a starting point with which to analyze voluntary contributions, but in some cases their methodologies are not complete, and further research is required for a robust measurement tool to be created.

Sierra, Katherine; Roberts, Timmons; de Nevers, Michele; Langley, Claire; Smith, Cory

2013-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

362

Soil degradation, global warming and climate impacts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

will demonstrate one methodology for assessing the potential large-scale impacts of soil degradation on African climates and water resources. In addition it will compare and contrast these impacts to those expected from global warming and compare impacts for differ...- ent watershed regions on the continent. 2. METHODS In order to make a similar comparison between pro- jected climate change scenarios due to global warming © Inter-Research 2001 *E-mail: feddema@ku.edu Soil degradation, global warming and climate...

Feddema, Johannes J.; Freire, Sergio Carneiro

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Climate analysis with satellite versus weather station data  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper compares how well satellite versus weather station measurements of climate predict agricultural performance ... , India, and the United States. Although weather stations give accurate measures of groun...

Robert Mendelsohn; Pradeep Kurukulasuriya; Alan Basist; Felix Kogan…

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Climate Change Capacity Development (C3D+) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

C3D+) C3D+) Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Climate Change Capacity Development (C3D+) Name Climate Change Capacity Development (C3D+) Agency/Company /Organization United Nations Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR) Partner Caribbean Climate Change Community Centre (CCCCC), Climate System Analysis Group at UCT Cape Town (CSAG), Environment and Development Action in the Third World (ENDA-TM), University of Cape Town-Energy Research Centre, South Pacific Regional Environment Programme (SPREP), Munasinghe Institute (MIND), Center for International Forestry Research, International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD), Stockholm Environment Institute Sector Climate Topics Low emission development planning Resource Type Training materials

365

USDOT-Transportation and Climate Change Clearinghouse | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

USDOT-Transportation and Climate Change Clearinghouse USDOT-Transportation and Climate Change Clearinghouse Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: USDOT-Transportation and Climate Change Clearinghouse Agency/Company /Organization: United States Department of Transportation Sector: Climate Focus Area: Transportation Topics: GHG inventory, Market analysis Resource Type: Guide/manual, Publications, Software/modeling tools User Interface: Website Website: climate.dot.gov/methodologies/analysis-resources.html Cost: Free USDOT-Transportation and Climate Change Clearinghouse Screenshot References: USDOT-Transportation and Climate Change Clearinghouse[1] "Assessments of available models and analytical tools can be used to compare greenhouse gas measurement methods and analytical approaches. This

366

Measuring a Utility-Scale Turbine Wake Using the TTUKa Mobile Research Radars  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Observations of the wake generated by a single utility-scale turbine and collected by the Texas Tech University Ka-band mobile research radars on 27 October 2011 are introduced. Remotely sensed turbine wake observations using lidar technology have ...

Brian D. Hirth; John L. Schroeder; W. Scott Gunter; Jerry G. Guynes

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

A hypothesis of inductive drive to explain the sawtooth measurements of tokamak experiment for technology oriented research (TEXTOR)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A hypothesis, based on the current density profile determined from the principle of minimum dissipation of magnetic energy, is applied to explain the measurement of q(0) and current variation in a sawtooth cycle in tokomak experiment for technology oriented research (TEXTOR) [Plasma Physics and Controlled Nuclear Fusion Research (IAEA, Vienna, 1985), Vol. I, p. 193]. A sawtooth oscillation is triggered when the on-axis current density in a configuration with m=0 and n=0 symmetry is driven inductively to a limit.

Chu, T. K. [Plasma Physics Laboratory, Princeton University, P. O. Box 451, Princeton, New Jersey 08543 (United States)

2006-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

368

Environmental research program: FY 1987, annual report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This multidisciplinary research program includes fundamental and applied research in physics, chemistry, engineering, and biology, as well as research on the development of advanced methods of measurement and analysis. The Program's Annual Report contains summaries of research performed during FY 1987 in the areas of atmospheric aerosols, flue gas chemistry, combustion, membrane bioenergetics, and analytical chemistry. The main research interests of the Atmospheric Aerosol Research group concern the chemical and physical processes that occur in haze, clouds, and fogs. For their studies, the group is developing novel analytical and research methods for characterizing aerosol species. Aerosol research is performed in the laboratory and in the field. Studies of smoke emissions from fires and their possible effects on climatic change, especially as related to nuclear winter, are an example of the collaboration between the Atmospheric Aerosol Research and Combustion Research Groups.

Not Available

1988-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Companies agree on climate-change actions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Companies agree on climate-change actions ... Believing that "for proactive leaders there are major business opportunities in meeting the climate challenge, if the policy environment is right," British Petroleum, General Motors, and Monsanto have joined with the World Resources Institute—a Washington, D.C.-based center for environmental policy research-in a broad scheme to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. ...

DAVID HANSON

1998-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

370

Climate Change Impacts on Global Food Security  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...America's Climate Choices; National Research Council, America’s Climate Choices (National Academies Press, Washington...Food security: The challenge of feeding 9 billion people . Science 327...of biofuels or other renewable fuels for transport...66 U.S. Congress, Energy Policy Act of 2005...

Tim Wheeler; Joachim von Braun

2013-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

371

Climate Change Scoping Plan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Climate Change Scoping Plan a amework for change as approved Prepared by the California AirBackgroundBackgroundBackground ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 4444 1. Climate Change Policy in California1. Climate Change Policy in California1. Climate Change Policy in California1. Climate Change Policy in California

372

Climate change action plan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Delivery Climate change action plan 2009-2011 #12;2 | Climate change action plan ©istockphoto.com #12;Climate Change Action Plan Climate change action plan | 3 Contents Overview 4 Preface and Introduction 5 Climate change predictions for Scotland 6 The role of forestry 7 Protecting and managing

373

Climate Change Scoping Plan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Climate Change Scoping Plan a amework for change Prepared by the California Air Resources BoardBackgroundBackgroundBackground ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 4444 1. Climate Change Policy in California1. Climate Change Policy in California1. Climate Change Policy in California1. Climate Change Policy in California

374

Integrated Assessment of Global Climate Change | U.S. DOE Office of Science  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Integrated Assessment of Global Integrated Assessment of Global Climate Change Biological and Environmental Research (BER) BER Home About Research Research Abstracts Searchable Archive of BER Highlights External link Biological Systems Science Division (BSSD) Climate and Environmental Sciences Division (CESD) ARM Climate Research Facility Atmospheric System Research (ASR) Program Data Management Earth System Modeling (ESM) Program William R. Wiley Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory (EMSL) Integrated Assessment of Global Climate Change Regional & Global Climate Modeling (RGCM) Program Subsurface Biogeochemical Research Terrestrial Carbon Sequestration External link Terrestrial Ecosystem Science Facilities Science Highlights Benefits of BER Funding Opportunities Biological & Environmental Research Advisory Committee (BERAC)

375

Climate Modeling using High-Performance Computing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Center for Applied Scientific Computing (CASC) and the LLNL Climate and Carbon Science Group of Energy and Environment (E and E) are working together to improve predictions of future climate by applying the best available computational methods and computer resources to this problem. Over the last decade, researchers at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) have developed a number of climate models that provide state-of-the-art simulations on a wide variety of massively parallel computers. We are now developing and applying a second generation of high-performance climate models. Through the addition of relevant physical processes, we are developing an earth systems modeling capability as well.

Mirin, A A

2007-02-05T23:59:59.000Z

376

Climate Survey  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Operations Employee Operations Employee Climate Survey March 2009 Acknowledgements The Berkeley Lab Survey Team consisted of the following: Jim Krupnick, Sponsor Vera Potapenko, Project Lead Karen Ramorino, Project Manager Chris Paquette, MOR Associates Alexis Bywater, MOR Associates MOR Associates, an external consulting firm, acted as project manager for this effort, analyzing the data and preparing this report. MOR Associates specializes in continuous improve- ment, strategic thinking and leadership development. MOR Associates has conducted a number of large-scale surveys for organizations in higher education, including MIT, Stanford, the University of Chicago, and others. MOR Associates, Inc. 462 Main Street, Suite 300 Watertown, MA 02472 tel: 617.924.4501

377

Film Cooling, Heat Transfer and Aerodynamic Measurements in a Three Stage Research Gas Turbine  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

turbine rotational speeds namely, 2400rpm, 2550rpm and 3000rpm. Interstage aerodynamic measurements with miniature five hole probes are also acquired at these speeds. The aerodynamic data characterizes the flow along the first stage rotor exit, second...

Suryanarayanan, Arun

2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

378

Research on micro-vibration measurement by a laser diode self-mixing interferometer  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The self-mixing vibration signals are observed in the laser diode when the optical beam is back-scattered into the laser cavity which causes laser output power modulated. Based on these properties, a laser diode self-mixing vibrometer with wide dynamic range is proposed. This current investigation further reports new work to improve the accuracy and range of the measured vibration signals. Numerical simulations and experimental results are given and discussed. The experimental results show that the frequency measurement range can be achieved up to 22 kHz with 0.241% maximum relative error while utilizing the reflecting film. For amplitude measurement utilizing the same reflecting film, the error of measurement result is 4.77 nm which has approached nanometer order of magnitude.

Yunhe Zhao; Liang Lu; Zhengting Du; Bo Yang; Wenhua Zhang; Jianxi Zhou; Huaqiao Gui; Benli Yu

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

ANNOUNCEMENT OF FEDERAL FUNDING OPPORTUNITY (FFO) Measurement Science and Engineering (MSE) Research Grant Programs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) the Information Technology Laboratory (ITL); (5) the NIST Center for Neutron Research (NCNR); (6) the Center (PML); (3) the Engineering Laboratory (EL); (4) the Information Technology Laboratory (ITL); (5 agreement, as appropriate. Who is Eligible: Institutions of higher education; hospitals; non

380

Ris-R-1332(EN) Plant Respiration and Climate Change  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Risø-R-1332(EN) Plant Respiration and Climate Change Effects Dan Bruhn Ph.D. thesis Plant Research, Roskilde April 2002 #12;Abstract The ongoing climate changes can affect many plant physiological processes. In turn, these effects on plants may result in a feedback between the climate change and the vegetation

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "measurement climate research" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Ris-R-1167(EN) Climate Driven Changes in the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and political decisions to avoid or minimise climate change and its effects, a European research project CLIMOORRisø-R-1167(EN) Climate Driven Changes in the Functioning of Heath and Moorland Ecosystems Results January 2000 #12;Risø-R-1167(EN) Climate Driven Changes in the Functioning of Heath and Moorland

382

CLIMATE CHANGE: CERTAINTIES AND UNCERTAINTIES S. E. Schwartz  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

why quantitatively projecting future climate change in response to future emissions remains decades of intense research, climate sensitivity, the amount by which global mean temperature would with respect to energy. This talk reviews the physical basis of climate change and outlines some of the reasons

383

The Ultra-scale Visualization Climate Data Analysis Tools (UV-CDAT): Data Analysis and Visualization for Geoscience Data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for DOE’s climate applications and projects, such as theResearch (BER) climate modeling project home page: http://part of the UV-CDAT project, several new climate- specific

Williams, Dean

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Future Climate Engineering Solutions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Engineering Associations from around the world are part of the project `Future Climate - Engineering Solu- tions'. Within the project the participating associations have been developing national climate plansFuture Climate Engineering Solutions Joint report 13 engineering participating engeneering

385

Climate Knowledge Brokers Group | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Climate Knowledge Brokers Group Climate Knowledge Brokers Group (Redirected from Knowledge Brokers Workshop) Jump to: navigation, search Home | 2013 Workshop | Previous Events | CKB Snapshots | Collaborative Projects | Shared Tools What is the CKB Group? The Climate Knowledge Brokers (CKB) Group is an emerging alliance of around 50 of the leading global, regional and national websites specialising in climate and development information. It brings together a diverse set of information players, from international organisations to research institutes, NGOs and good practice networks, and covers the full breadth of climate related themes. The focus is on primarily online initiatives, and those that play an explicit knowledge brokerage role, rather than being simply institutional websites. Its goal is to improve access to climate information by coordinating and

386

Forests and Climate Change Toolbox | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Forests and Climate Change Toolbox Forests and Climate Change Toolbox Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Forests and Climate Change Toolbox Agency/Company /Organization: Center for International Forestry Research Sector: Land Focus Area: Forestry Topics: Implementation, Policies/deployment programs, Pathways analysis Resource Type: Presentation, Publications Website: www.cifor.cgiar.org/fctoolbox/ Forests and Climate Change Toolbox Screenshot References: CIFOR Toolbox[1] Summary "This Forests and Climate Change Toolbox has been developed to build understanding and technical proficiency on issues of climate change and forests including mitigation, adaptation, carbon accounting and markets, and biofuels." References ↑ "CIFOR Toolbox" Retrieved from

387

Climate Education Update_Aug06 MOD.indd  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

and Outreach Program is to promote basic science education and community awareness of climate change research by focusing on three goals: student enrichment, teacher support,...

388

Characterizing Uncertainty for Regional Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation Decisions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This white paper describes the results of new research to develop an uncertainty characterization process to help address the challenges of regional climate change mitigation and adaptation decisions.

Unwin, Stephen D.; Moss, Richard H.; Rice, Jennie S.; Scott, Michael J.

2011-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

389

Building Technologies Office: Guides and Case Studies for Marine Climates  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Marine Climates to someone by E-mail Marine Climates to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Guides and Case Studies for Marine Climates on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Guides and Case Studies for Marine Climates on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Guides and Case Studies for Marine Climates on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Guides and Case Studies for Marine Climates on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Guides and Case Studies for Marine Climates on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Guides and Case Studies for Marine Climates on AddThis.com... About Take Action to Save Energy Partner With DOE Activities Solar Decathlon Building America Research Innovations Research Tools Building Science Education

390

International Pacific Research Center  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

International Pacific Research Center APRIL 2007­MARCH 2008 REPORT School of Ocean and Earth Center i Foreword ii iv Indo-Pacific Ocean Climate 1 Regional-Ocean Influences 13 Asian by the following broad research themes and goals of the IPRC Science Plan. Indo-Pacific Ocean Climate

Wang, Yuqing

391

Measurement  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

in the Department of Physics & Astronomy. Chapel Hill 2005 Approved: A. E. Champagne, Advisor J. C. Blackmon, Reader C. Iliadis, Reader ABSTRACT Ryan P. Fitzgerald: Measurement of...

392

ClimateTechWiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ClimateTechWiki ClimateTechWiki Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: ClimateTechWiki - a clean technology platform Agency/Company /Organization: United Nations Development Programme, Energy Research Centre of the Netherlands, Joint Implementation Network (JIN), United Nations Environment Programme, UNEP-Risoe Centre, United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Partnership, Netherlands Government Partner: Energy Research Centre of the Netherlands (ECN) Sector: Climate, Energy Focus Area: Non-renewable Energy, Agriculture, Biomass, Buildings, Energy Efficiency, Forestry, Geothermal, Greenhouse Gas, Ground Source Heat Pumps, Hydrogen, Industry, Solar, Transportation, Water Power, Wind Phase: Evaluate Options, Develop Goals, Prepare a Plan, Create Early Successes, Evaluate Effectiveness and Revise as Needed

393

ARM - Climate Change  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

FAQ Just for Fun Meet our Friends Cool Sites Teachers Teachers' Toolbox Lesson Plans Climate Change A Student's Guide to Global Climate Change The U.S. Environmental...

394

Climate change cripples forests  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Climate Change Cripples Forests Climate change cripples forests A team of scientists concluded that in the warmer and drier Southwest of the near future, widespread tree mortality...

395

Climate change cripples forests  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Climate change cripples forests Climate change cripples forests A team of scientists concluded that in the warmer and drier Southwest of the near future, widespread tree mortality...

396

Corporate Climate Change Adaptation.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? On-going and future climate change is universally acknowledged. Climate changeincorporating global mean temperature rise, impacts on global hydrology and ecosystems willaffect human society and… (more)

Herbertsson, Nicole

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Chapter 20 Climate  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

climate Short-term interruption of construction, operation, and maintenance of the transmission line due to climate could occur, but could be mitigated No impact would occur where...

398

DOE research on atmospheric aerosols  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Atmospheric aerosols are the subject of a significant component of research within DOE`s environmental research activities, mainly under two programs within the Department`s Environmental Sciences Division, the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program and the Atmospheric Chemistry Program (ACP). Research activities conducted under these programs include laboratory experiments, field measurements, and theoretical and modeling studies. The objectives and scope of these programs are briefly summarized. The ARM Program is the Department`s major research activity focusing on atmospheric processes pertinent to understanding global climate and developing the capability of predicting global climate change in response to energy related activities. The ARM approach consists mainly of testing and improving models using long-term measurements of atmospheric radiation and controlling variables at highly instrumented sites in north central Oklahoma, in the Tropical Western Pacific, and on the North Slope of Alaska. Atmospheric chemistry research within DOE addresses primarily the issue of atmospheric response to emissions from energy-generation sources. As such this program deals with the broad topic known commonly as the atmospheric source-receptor sequence. This sequence consists of all aspects of energy-related pollutants from the time they are emitted from their sources to the time they are redeposited at the Earth`s surface.

Schwartz, S.E.

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Sibling species in Montastraea annularis, coral bleaching, and the coral climate record  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Measures of growth and skeletal isotopic ratios in the Caribbean coral Montastraea annularis are fundamental to many studies of paleoceanography, environmental degradation, and global climate change. This taxon is shown to consist of at least three sibling species in shallow water. The two most commonly studied of these show highly significant differences in growth rate and oxygen isotopic ratios, parameters routinely used to estimate past climatic conditions; unusual coloration in the third may have confused research on coral bleaching. Interpretation or comparison of past and current studies can be jeopardized by ignoring these species boundaries.

Knowlton, N.; Weil, E.; Weigt, L.A.; Guzman, H.M. (Smithsonian Tropical Research Inst., Apartado, Balboa (Panama))

1992-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

400

Research Highlight  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Tackling Tropical Convection in Climate Models Tackling Tropical Convection in Climate Models Submitter: Zhang, G. J., University of California, San Diego Area of Research: General Circulation and Single Column Models/Parameterizations Working Group(s): Cloud Modeling Journal Reference: Zhang, G. J., and H. Wang, 2006. Toward mitigating the double ITCZ problem in NCAR CCSM3, Geophys. Res. Lett., 33, L06709, doi:10.1029/2005GL025229 (23 March 2006). Figure 1. Climate models commonly suffer from a problem known as the double-ITCZ, which is illustrated here via observed and model-simulated rainfall at the surface. The error is seen in the region circled where, compared to observations (Image A), the original climate model (Image B) produces a second, erroneous equatorial ITCZ band southward from the one

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "measurement climate research" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Research Highlight  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Can Ice-Nucleating Aerosols Affect Arctic Seasonal Climate? Can Ice-Nucleating Aerosols Affect Arctic Seasonal Climate? Submitter: Prenni, A. J., Colorado State University Area of Research: Cloud Distributions/Characterizations Working Group(s): Cloud Properties Journal Reference: Prenni, A. J., J. Y. Harrington, M. Tjernstrom, P. J. DeMott, A. Avramov, C. N. Long, S. M. Kreidenweis, P. Q. Olsson, and J. Verlinde, (2006): Can Ice-Nucleating Aerosols Affect Arctic Seasonal Climate?, BAMS, Vol.88, Iss. 4; pg. 541-550. ACIA, 2004: Impacts of a Warming Arctic: Arctic Climate Impact Assessment. Cambridge University Press, 1020pp. Additional Key Contact: Long, C. N. , Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Figure 1. Time series for the 2-day simulation plotted over Oliktok Point for Standard IN and M-PACE IN concentrations: (a) liquid water path (g

402

Research Highlight  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

A Tall Order: Climate Models Fall Short in Predicting African Sahel A Tall Order: Climate Models Fall Short in Predicting African Sahel Rainfall Download a printable PDF Submitter: Roehrig, R., Meteo-France CNRM/GMME/MOANA Area of Research: General Circulation and Single Column Models/Parameterizations Working Group(s): Cloud-Aerosol-Precipitation Interactions Journal Reference: Roehrig R, D Bouniol, F Guichard, F Hourdin, and JL Redelsperger. 2013. "The present and future of the West African Monsoon: A process-oriented assessment of CMIP5 simulations along the AMMA transect." Journal of Climate, 26(17), doi:10.1175/jcli-d-12-00505.1. The wealth of data available from field campaigns between the Gulf of Guinea and the Sahara Desert allowed scientists to evaluate the ability of climate models to accurately predict rainfall in the area.

403

Collaborative Research: Carbon Flux Through the Twilight Zone -New Tools to Measure Change A-1 WHOI Proposal No. CH11471  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

served us well but has not changed significantly since the early 1980's. This program is both innovative the impacts of global climate change as well as formulate remediation strategies. Explicitly, we have

Buesseler, Ken

404

Estimating Air Chemical Emissions from Research Activities Using Stack Measurement Data  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Current methods of estimating air emissions from research and development (R&D) activities use a wide range of release fractions or emission factors with bases ranging from empirical to semi-empirical. Although considered conservative, the uncertainties and confidence levels of the existing methods have not been reported. Chemical emissions were estimated from sampling data taken from four research facilities over ten years. The approach was to use a Monte Carlo technique to create distributions of annual emission estimates for target compounds detected in source test samples. Distributions were created for each year and building sampled for compounds with sufficient detection frequency to qualify for the analysis. The results using the Monte Carlo technique without applying a filter to remove negative emission values showed almost all distributions spanning zero, and forty percent of the distributions having a negative mean. This indicates that emissions are so low as to be indistinguishable from building background. Application of a filter to allow only positive values in the distribution provided a more realistic value for emissions and increased the distribution mean by an average of sixteen percent. Release fractions were calculated by dividing the emission estimates by a building chemical inventory quantity. Two variations were used for this quantity: chemical usage, and chemical usage plus one-half standing inventory. Filters were applied so that only release fraction values from zero to one were included in the resulting distributions. Release fractions had a wide range among chemicals and among data sets for different buildings and/or years for a given chemical. Regressions of release fractions to molecular weight and vapor pressure showed weak correlations. Similarly, regressions of mean emissions to chemical usage, chemical inventory, molecular weight and vapor pressure also gave weak correlations. These results highlight the difficulties in estimating emissions from R&D facilities using chemical inventory data.

Ballinger, Marcel Y.; Duchsherer, Cheryl J.; Woodruff, Rodger K.; Larson, Timothy V.

2013-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

405

S11JUNE 2006STATE OFTHE CLIMATE IN 2005 | 2. GLOBAL CLIMATE--  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- dently at institutions in the United Kingdom (Hadley Centre of the Met Office and the Climate Research analyses and second highest, behind 1998, according to the Met Office's Hadley Centre/University of East estimates are shown (black error bars). [Sources: NOAA/NCDC; The Hadley Centre for Climate Prediction

406

Energy Research and Development Division FINAL PROJECT REPORT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy Research and Development Division FINAL PROJECT REPORT RANKING AND PRIORITIZING THE DEPLOYMENT OF COMMUNITY- SCALE ENERGY MEASURES BASED ON THEIR INDIRECT EFFECTS IN CALIFORNIA'S CLIMATE ZONES MARCH 2013 CEC-500-2013-122 ALTOSTRATUS Prepared for: California Energy Commission Prepared by

407

programs in climate change  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

existing programs in climate change science and infrastructure. The Laboratory has a 15- year history in climate change science. The Climate, Ocean and Sea Ice Modeling (COSIM) project develops and maintains advanced numerical models of the ocean, sea ice, and ice sheets for use in global climate change

408

Climate Zones Robinson Projection  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Climate Zones Africa ´Robinson Projection Copyright 2007. The Trustees of Columbia University University. Population, Landscape, and Climate Estimates (PLACE). Further information available at: http://sedac.ciesin.columbia.edu/place/ Publish Date: 03/13/07 0 500 km Climate zones were taken from the Köppen Climate Classification map

Columbia University

409

Climate Change Worksheet Energy Budget  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

more energy in the tropics per unit area than it does at the poles. In a similar way, at midday, when are all in W/m2 (Watts per square metre), a measure of energy flux. Of the incoming radiation, 47% (161Climate Change Worksheet Energy Budget For any balanced budget, what comes in must equal what goes

Allan, Richard P.

410

Climate Change in Massachusetts: What Would Henry Say? Mondays/Wednesdays  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Climate Change in Massachusetts: What Would Henry Say? KHC BI 101 Fall 2012 Mondays of climate change. If Thoreau were alive today, he could readilyobserve the impacts of climate change climate change research. The students will read Walden concurrently with Eaarth by Bill McKibben along

Goldberg, Bennett

411

Research Highlight  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Wildfires Lead to More Warming Than Climate Models Predict, a New Mexico Wildfires Lead to More Warming Than Climate Models Predict, a New Mexico Fire Study Reports Download a printable PDF Submitter: Bhattacharya, A., Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Area of Research: Aerosol Properties Working Group(s): Aerosol Life Cycle Journal Reference: China S, C Mazzoleni, K Gorkowski, AC Aiken, and MK Dubey. 2013. "Morphology and mixing state of individual freshly emitted wildfire carbonaceous particles." Nature Communications, 4, 2122, doi:10.1038/ncomms3122. La Conchas fire, New Mexico Analyzing fresh, carbon-rich aerosols in smoke from the largest wildfire in New Mexico (2011), scientists report large impacts of wildfires on climate. A research study, published last week in Nature Communications, has revealed that smoke from wildfires, or biomass-burning events, contains

412

Climate VISION: Private Sector Initiatives: Automobile Manufacturers...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Results No measured results exist at this time in terms of greenhouse gas intensity reductions, given the recent start-up of the Climate VISION program and evolving industry...

413

Climate VISION: Private Sector Initiatives: Cement - Results  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Results No measured results exist at this time in terms of greenhouse gas intensity reductions, given the recent start-up of the Climate VISION program and evolving industry...

414

Climate VISION: Private Sector Initiatives: Mining: Results  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Results No measured results exist at this time in terms of greenhouse gas intensity reductions, given the recent start-up of the Climate VISION program and evolving industry...

415

Formulating Climate Change Scenarios to Inform Climate - Resilient...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Formulating Climate Change Scenarios to Inform Climate - Resilient Development Strategies Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Formulating Climate Change...

416

Global Climate Change Impacts:Global Climate Change Impacts: Implications for Climate EngineeringImplications for Climate Engineering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Global Climate Change Impacts:Global Climate Change Impacts: Implications for Climate Engineering Center Global Climate Change Impacts in the United States October 29, 2009 #12;2Global Climate Change Impacts in the United States 2 Response Strategies to ClimateResponse Strategies to Climate ChangeChange

Polz, Martin

417

Using Weather Data and Climate Model Output in Economic Analyses of Climate Change  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Economists are increasingly using weather data and climate model output in analyses of the economic impacts of climate change. This article introduces a set of weather data sets and climate models that are frequently used, discusses the most common mistakes economists make in using these products, and identifies ways to avoid these pitfalls. We first provide an introduction to weather data, including a summary of the types of datasets available, and then discuss five common pitfalls that empirical researchers should be aware of when using historical weather data as explanatory variables in econometric applications. We then provide a brief overview of climate models and discuss two common and significant errors often made by economists when climate model output is used to simulate the future impacts of climate change on an economic outcome of interest.

Auffhammer, Maximilian [University of California at Berkeley; Hsiang, Solomon M. [Princeton University; Schlenker, Wolfram [Columbia University; Sobel, Adam H. [Columbia University

2013-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

418

Details of U.S. Climate Zones:  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Details of U.S. Climate Zones Details of U.S. Climate Zones Details of U.S. Climate Zones: The CBECS climate zones are groups of climate divisions, as defined by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), which are regions within a state that are as climatically homogeneous as possible. Each NOAA climate division is placed into one of five CBECS climate zones based on its 30-year average heating degree-days (HDD) and cooling degree-days (CDD) for the period 1971 through 2000. (These climate zones have been updated for the 2003 CBECS. All previous CBECS used averages for the 45-year period from 1931 through 1975.) A HDD is a measure of how cold a location was over a period of time, relative to a base temperature (in CBECS, 65 degrees Fahrenheit). The heating degree-day is the difference between that day's average temperature and 65 degrees if the daily average is less than 65; it is zero if the daily average temperature is greater than or equal to 65. For example, if the average temperature for a given day is 40 degrees, then the heating degree-days for that single day equal 25. Heating degree-days for a year are the sum of the daily heating degree-days that year.

419

New research, publications and videos  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

fr Schwerionenforschung GmbH (Helmholtz Centre for Heavy Ion Research) in Darmstadt, Germany. Desert scientists turn to rainforest for climate answers Nearly a quarter of the...

420

ClimateWorks Feed | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ClimateWorks Feed ClimateWorks Feed Jump to: navigation, search Home | About | Inventory | Partnerships | Capacity Building | Webinars | Reports | Events | News | List Serve CLEAN Member Feeds Center for Environment and National Security at Scripps Centro de EnergĂ­as Renovables (CER) The Children's Investment Fund Foundation (CIFF) Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN) Climate Technology Initiative (CTI) ClimateWorks Foundation Coalition for Rainforest Nations (CfRN) Ecofys Energy Research Centre of the Netherlands (ECN) Energy Sector Management Assistance Program of the World Bank (ESMAP) Environment and Development Action in the Third World (ENDA-TM) German Aerospace Center (DLR) German Agency for International Cooperation (GIZ) Global Village Energy Partnership (GVEP)

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "measurement climate research" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Antecedents to Financial Statement Misreporting: The Influence of Organizational Business Strategy, Ethical Culture and Climate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.g., fraudulent reporting and asset misappropriation), find a significant correlation between individual rationalization measures and ethical climate measures (specifically those associated with an egoism- based climate), thus giving some empirical support...

Bentley, Kathleen

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

422

Identify types of development and climate impacts that are country...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

qualitatively development and climate impacts of LEDS technologies and measures Key Products Qualitative impact assessment of priority improved practices or technologies List...

423

Climate Mag_27JUN2013_ms07022013.indd  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

development of validated parameterizations of new carbon- climate feedbacks for Earth System Models. LANL is also working with Chevron and DOE Fossil Energy on measuring CH 4...

424

Conclusion: applying South East Asia Rainforest Research Programme science to land-use management policy and practice in a changing landscape and climate  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...East Asia Rainforest Research Programme science to land-use management policy and practice...are briefly reviewed and the roles which science can play in addressing questions are outlined...considered. Results from the atmospheric science and hydrology papers, and some of the...

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Climate change risk and response  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Kate Scow. 2006. “Climate Change: Page 117 ChallengesLandscapes. ” California Climate Change Center White Paper.Sea Level. ” California Climate Change Center White Paper.

Kahrl, Fredrich; Roland-Holst, David

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Review: Preparing for Climate Change  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Review: Preparing for Climate Change By Michael D.Stephen, Preparing for Climate Change. A Boston Review Book.alkaline paper. “Climate change is inevitable, but disaster

Kunnas, Jan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Climate Change and National Security  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CLIMATE CHANGE Multiplying Threats to National Securityfor the impacts of climate change on national security. Pagea warming world. Page 11 “Climate change acts as a threat

Alyson, Fleming; Summer, Kelly; Summer, Martin; Lauren, Franck; Jonathan, Mark

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Global air quality and climate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Chemistry and Climate Model Intercomparison Project (ACCMIP;of chemistry–climate models with RCP emissions thus projectto project air quality responses to future climate change

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

DOE/ER-0441 Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Plan - February 1990  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

1 1 Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program Plan ARM Program Plan Forward In 1978 the Department of Energy initiated the Carbon Dioxide Research Program to address climate change from the increasing concentration of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. Over the years the Program has studied the many facets of the issue, from the carbon cycle, the climate diagnostics, the vegetative effects, to the societal impacts. The Program is presently the Department's principal entry in the U.S. Global Change Research Program coordinated by the Committee on Earth Sciences (CES) of the Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP). The recent heightened concern about global warming from an enhanced greenhouse effect has prompted the Department to accelerate the research to improve predictions of climate change. The emphasis is on

430

Mapping Climate Change Hazards: Using GIS to Identify Social Vulnerability to the Effects of Environmental Hazards in the UK   

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Research suggests that the precise nature and effects of climate change, including changes to the Earth’s climate patterns, can have an adverse environmental impact on localities, regions, and countries. Research shows that socially disadvantaged...

Batool, Najya

2010-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

431

Climate Vision: Presidential Statements - June 07, 2005  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

President Bush on Climate Change President Bush on Climate Change June 07, 2005 In terms of climate change, I've always said it's a serious long-term issue that needs to be dealt with. And my administration isn't waiting around to deal with the issue, we're acting. I don't know if you're aware of this, but we lead the world when it comes to dollars spent, millions of dollars spent on research about climate change. We want to know more about it. It's easier to solve a problem when you know a lot about it. And if you look at the statistics, you'll find the United States has taken the lead on this research. Secondly, we're spending a lot of money on developing ways to diversify away from a hydrocarbon society. America must do that, for national security reasons and economic security reasons. And that's why I laid out

432

Research Councils UK Transforming  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

research is helping to accelerate the use of green energy technologies. RCUK has played a key role to help combat climate change, accelerate the deployment of green energy technologies and create newResearch Councils UK Transforming our energy future #12;Research funded by the Research Councils

Berzins, M.

433

The Southeastern Aerosol Research and Characterization Study, Part 3: Continuous measurements of fine particulate matter mass and composition  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Deployment of continuous analyzers in the Southeastern Aerosol Research and Characterization Study (SEARCH) network began in 1998 and continues today as new technologies are developed. Measurement of fine particulate matter (PM2.5) mass is performed using a dried, 30 {sup o}C tapered element oscillating microbalance (TEOM). TEOM measurements are complemented by observations of light scattering by nephelometry. Measurements of major constituents include: (1) SO{sub 4}{sup 2-} via reduction to SO{sub 2}; (2) NH{sub 4}{sup +} and NO{sub 3}{sup -} via respective catalytic oxidation and reduction to NO, (3) black carbon (BC) by optical absorption,(4) total carbon by combustion to CO{sup 2}, and (5) organic carbon by difference between the latter two measurements. Several illustrative examples of continuous data from the SEARCH network are presented. A distinctive composite annual average diurnal pattern is observed for PM2.5 mass, nitrate, and BC, likely indicating the influence of traffic-related emissions, growth, and break up of the boundary layer and formation of ammonium nitrate. Examination of PM2.5 components indicates the need to better understand the continuous composition of the unmeasured 'other' category, because it contributes a significant fraction to total mass during periods of high PM2.5 loading. Selected episodes are presented to illustrate applications of SEARCH data. An SO{sub 2} conversion rate of 0.2%/hr is derived from an observation of a plume from a coal-fired power plant during early spring, and the importance of local, rural sources of NH{sub 3} to the formation of ammonium nitrate in particulate matter (PM) is demonstrated. 41 refs., 15 figs., 3 tabs.

Edgerton, E.S.; Hartsell, B.E.; Saylor, R.D.; Jansen, J.J.; Hansen, D.A.; Hidy, G.M. [Atmospheric Research & Analysis, Inc., Cary, NC (United States)

2006-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

434

ENERGY GENERATION RESEARCH PIER Energy Generation Research  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ENERGY GENERATION RESEARCH PIER Energy Generation Research www.energy.ca.gov/research/ renewable/ November 2010 Sonoma County RESCO A Local Level Approach to Renewable Energy Portfolios. The Issue To address energy usage that contributes to climate change, California has enacted legislation to guide

435

Investment Dimension: Enhanced Data Equals Better Climate Models  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Through the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009, the U.S. Department of Energy provided the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Climate Research Facility with $60 million for new and upgraded instrumentation, equipment, and infrastructure to improve atmospheric data sets. These enhancements will take place among the permanent ARM research sites in Oklahoma and Alaska in the United States, and near the equator in the tropical Western Pacific. They will also advance the capabilities of ARM’s mobile and aerial research platforms. This article focuses on key enhancements - particularly new scanning radars, enhanced lidar technologies, aerosol observation systems, and in situ aircraft probes - that will provide unprecedented data sets for the modeling community.

Roeder, Lynne R.

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Measuring Up: How to Track and Evaluate Local Sustainability Projects  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Join this EPA Local Climate and Energy webinar to learn how to measure and evaluate the results of local climate, energy, and sustainability projects.

437

Climate Technology Initiative Feed | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Initiative Feed Initiative Feed Jump to: navigation, search Home | About | Inventory | Partnerships | Capacity Building | Webinars | Reports | Events | News | List Serve CLEAN Member Feeds Center for Environment and National Security at Scripps Centro de EnergĂ­as Renovables (CER) The Children's Investment Fund Foundation (CIFF) Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN) Climate Technology Initiative (CTI) ClimateWorks Foundation Coalition for Rainforest Nations (CfRN) Ecofys Energy Research Centre of the Netherlands (ECN) Energy Sector Management Assistance Program of the World Bank (ESMAP) Environment and Development Action in the Third World (ENDA-TM) German Aerospace Center (DLR) German Agency for International Cooperation (GIZ) Global Village Energy Partnership (GVEP)

438

Climate change impact, adaptation and associated costs for coastal risks in France  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Climate change impact, adaptation and associated costs for coastal risks in France Gonéri Le.Pons@developpement-durable.gouv.fr Abstract As part of the French climate plan, an inter-ministerial working group called "climate change by climate change and to identify possible mitigation measures. Seven thematic committees were organized

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

439

PhD Student Position Vacancy Satellite Humidity Climate Data Records  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

's objective is to improve weather and climate predictions with the help of satellite data, particularly from1 PhD Student Position Vacancy Satellite Humidity Climate Data Records Climate change is a key satellite measurements of atmospheric humidity and clouds, and with climate model results. The group

Hamburg,.Universität

440

The Climate Policy Dilemma  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Climate policy poses a dilemma for environmental economists. The economic argument for stringent greenhouse gas (GHG) abatement is far from clear. There is disagreement among both climate scientists and economists concerning ...

Pindyck, Robert S.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "measurement climate research" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

The Climate Policy Dilemma  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Climate policy poses a dilemma for environmental economists. The economic argument for stringent GHG abatement is far from clear. There is disagreement among both climate scientists and economists over the likelihood of ...

Pindyck, Robert S.

442

Earth'future climate  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...their visions of the future I. Astronomy and Earth sciences compiled by J. M. T. Thompson Earth'future climate Mark A. Saunders 1 1 Benfield...provide informed scientific projections for Earth's climate into the next millennium. This...

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Sandia National Laboratories: Climate  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

to address the most challenging and demanding climate-change issues. Accelerated Climate Modeling for Energy (ACME) is designed to accel-erate the development and applica-tion of...

444

Climate Leadership Conference  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

The Climate Leadership Conference is your annual exchange for addressing global climate change through policy, innovation, and business solutions. Forward-thinking lead­ers from busi­ness, gov­ern...

445

Socio-economic and climate change impacts on agriculture: an integrated assessment, 1990–2080  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...agriculture: an integrated assessment, 1990-2080 Gunther Fischer...NY, USA A comprehensive assessment of the impacts of climate...Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization (CSIRO...al. 1997). The Canadian Center for Climate Modelling and...

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Invention and International Diffusion of Climate Change Mitigation Technologies: An Empirical Approach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

International technology transfer..........................................................51 6 Conclusion ......................................................................................................62 Research paper 2: What Drives the International Transfer of Climate Change Mitigation Technologies1 Invention and International Diffusion of Climate Change Mitigation Technologies: An Empirical

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

447

National assessment of the consequences of climate change for the United States  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The US Global Change Research Program (USGCRP) is initiating a national assessment of the consequences of climate change and climate variability for the United States and the significance of these consequences for its people.

MacCracken, M. C., LLNL

1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Enhancing Human Responses to Climate Change Risks through Simulated Flooding Experiences  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Delta areas are threatened by global climate change. The general aims of our research were (1) to increase our understanding of climate and flood risk perceptions and the factors that influence these judgments...

Ruud Zaalberg; Cees Midden

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Essays on the Effect of Climate Change over Agriculture and Forestry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

regions defined by the USDA Economic Research Service (ERS). We also assembled state-level climate data motivated by the findings in IPCC 2007 and the climate variables used in similar studies. In particular the IPCC reports hotter conditions...

Villavicencio Cordova, Xavier A.

2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

450

Purdue Climate Change Research Center Impacts of Climate Change for  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

carbon offset markets: · Purdue University has produced a highly detailed inventory of all fossil fuel-related health stress in Indiana could overcome increases in heat-related health stress. However, the occurrence of pollution events that impact human health. · Decreases in heating demand in Indiana could overcome increases

451

Research Highlight  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

A Finer Mesh to Improve Cloud Representation in Climate Models? A Finer Mesh to Improve Cloud Representation in Climate Models? Submitter: Bhattacharya, A., Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Area of Research: Cloud Processes Working Group(s): Cloud Life Cycle Journal Reference: Boutle IA, SJ Abel, PG Hill, and CJ Morcrette. 2013. "Spatial variability of liquid cloud and rain: observations and microphysical effects." Quarterly Journal Royal Meteorological Society, , doi:10.1002/qj.2140. Different sizes of water droplets as well as varying water content dramatically alter cloud properties-often at a resolution finer than is currently in use by most climate models. Although clouds can extend for several kilometers, their properties-for example, liquid and rainwater content-can change dramatically over very

452

Research Highlight  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Different Strokes for Different Folks-Not Any More, Say Scientists at the Different Strokes for Different Folks-Not Any More, Say Scientists at the UK Met Office Submitter: Bhattacharya, A., Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Area of Research: Cloud Processes Working Group(s): Cloud Life Cycle Journal Reference: Morcrette CJ, EJ O'Connor, and JC Petch. 2012. "Evaluation of two cloud parametrization schemes using ARM and Cloud-Net observations." Quarterly Journal Royal Meteorological Society, 138(665), doi:10.1002/qj.969. Integrating different metrics-and their errors and biases-used in weather and climate models may improve predictions by both types of models. What works for the weather models does not for climate models. Devising a common language, which translates into integrating the slew of metrics that the weather and climate science community uses, could be a way to improve

453

Research Highlight  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Progress Towards Climate Projections of Central U.S. Rainfall Using a Progress Towards Climate Projections of Central U.S. Rainfall Using a Global Model with Embedded Explicit Convection Download a printable PDF Submitter: Pritchard, M. S., Scripps Institution of Oceanography Area of Research: General Circulation and Single Column Models/Parameterizations Working Group(s): Cloud Life Cycle Journal Reference: Pritchard MS, MW Moncrieff, and RC Somerville. 2011. "Orogenic propagating precipitation systems over the US in a global climate model with embedded explicit convection." Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 68, doi:10.1175/2011JAS3699.1. Characteristic time-longitude structure of central U.S. summer diurnal convection (35-45 N) (a) as observed in 2005 from space-borne infrared imagers, and as simulated by (b) the Community Atmosphere Model (CAM) v3.5

454

Research Highlight  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Weather Forecasting in the Tropics with Climate Models Is Feasible Weather Forecasting in the Tropics with Climate Models Is Feasible Submitter: Boyle, J., Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Area of Research: General Circulation and Single Column Models/Parameterizations Working Group(s): Cloud Modeling Journal Reference: Climate Model Forecast Experiments for TOGA-COARE. J. Boyle,S. Klein,G. Zhang,S. Xie,X. Wei. Accepted by Monthly Weather Review Figure 1. Profiles of the apparent heat source (Q1) at the TOGA-COARE central site for the observations and day-two forecasts of the CAM, CAM with Zhang modification (ZMO), and AM2 averaged over the entire TOGA-COARE period are shown. Units are degrees Kelvin day. The CAM with the Zhang modified deep convection produced the best fit to the observations. Proper simulation of both the magnitude and level of maximum heating were shown to

455

Environment and Climate Change  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Migration, Environment and Climate Change: ASSESSING THE EVIDENCE #12;The opinions expressed;Migration, Environment and Climate Change: ASSESSING THE EVIDENCE Edited by Frank Laczko and Christine with with the financial support of #12;3 Migration, Environment and Climate Change: Assessing the Evidence Contents

Galles, David

456

Climate Change Workshop 2007  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Climate Change Workshop 2007 Adaptive Management and Resilience Relevant for the Platte River, UNL Climate Change Workshop 2007 · Resilience ·Why it matters · Adaptive Management ·How it helps ·Adaptive Capacity · What it is Overview Climate Change Workshop 2007 "A public Domain, once a velvet carpet

Nebraska-Lincoln, University of

457

Campus Conversations: CLIMATE CHANGE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

review and input from scholars with expertise in climate change and communication. #12; Welcome Thank youCampus Conversations: CLIMATE CHANGE AND THE CAMPUS Southwestern Pennsylvania Program booklet is an adaptation and updating of Global Warming and Climate Change, a brochure developed in 1994

Attari, Shahzeen Z.

458

Climate Change Economics and Policy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AFRICA COLLEGE Centre for Climate Change Economics and Policy Adapting to Climate Change 3 CLIMATE...Furthermore, there is strong scientific evidence that climate change will disrupt the global economy, environment and society a growing population in a changing climate is, therefore, a major global challenge. Changes in climate

Romano, Daniela

459

Optimization of Sodar Wind Profile Measurements in Low-Humidity Climates at High Altitudes: Cooperative Research and Development Final Report, CRADA number CRD-07-00246  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The assessment of potential wind energy sites in the region of the U.S. from the Rocky Mountains westward.

Kelley, N.

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

The climate change and energy security nexus  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The study of the impacts of climate change on national and interna-tional security has grown as a research field, particularly in the last five years. Within this broad field, academic scholarship has concentrated primarily on whether climate change is, or may become, a driver of violent conflict. This relationship remains highly contested. However, national security policy and many non-governmental organizations have identified climate change as a threat multiplier in conflict situations. The U.S. Department of Defense and the United Kingdom's Ministry of Defense have incorporated these findings into strategic planning documents such as the Quadrennial Defense Review and the Strategic Defence and Security Review. In contrast to the climate-conflict nexus, our analysis found that academic scholarship on the climate change and energy security nexus is small and more disciplinarily focused. In fact, a search of social science litera-ture found few sources, with a significant percentage of these works attribut-able to a single journal. Assuming that policymakers are more likely to rely on broader social science literature than technical or scientific journals, this leaves a limited foundation. This then begged the question: what are these sources? We identified a body of grey literature on the nexus of climate change and energy security of a greater size than the body of peer-reviewed social science literature. We reviewed fifty-eight recent reports, issue briefs, and transcripts to better understand the nexus of climate change and energy security, as well as to gain insight about the questions policymakers need answered by those undertaking the research. In this article, we describe the nature of the sources reviewed, highlight possible climate change and energy security linkages found within those sources, identify emerging risks, and offer conclusions that can guide further research.

King, Marcus Dubois [George Washington University; Gulledge, Jay [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "measurement climate research" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Formulating Climate Change Scenarios to Inform Climate - Resilient  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Formulating Climate Change Scenarios to Inform Climate - Resilient Formulating Climate Change Scenarios to Inform Climate - Resilient Development Strategies Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Formulating Climate Change Scenarios to Inform Climate - Resilient Development Strategies Agency/Company /Organization: United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Topics: Low emission development planning Resource Type: Guide/manual Website: www.climatefinanceoptions.org/cfo/node/256 Language: English Formulating Climate Change Scenarios to Inform Climate - Resilient Development Strategies Screenshot References: Formulating Climate Change Scenarios to Inform Climate - Resilient Development Strategies[1] Tool Overview "This guidebook is part of a series of manuals, guidebooks, and toolkits that draw upon the experience and information generated by UNDP's support

462

Spectro-microscopic Measurements of Carbonaceous Aerosol Aging in Central California  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Spectro-microscopic Measurements of Carbonaceous Spectro-microscopic Measurements of Carbonaceous Aerosol Aging in Central California For original submission and image(s), see ARM Research Highlights http://www.arm.gov/science/highlights/ Research Highlight Atmospheric aerosols affect climate by scattering and absorbing sunlight and by modifying the properties of clouds. However, there are gaps in our understanding of chemical processes involving these airborne particulates, and these gaps contribute significantly to uncertainties in predicting future climate change. Developing more- accurate global climate models requires a more complete understanding of the aerosol lifecycle, from initial particle formation to loss through incorporation into precipitating clouds or dry deposition. In research published in the journal Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, a team of

463

Lessons for Climate Stabilizing Innovation from Experience with  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Lessons for Climate Stabilizing Innovation from Experience with Lessons for Climate Stabilizing Innovation from Experience with Cap-and-Trade Programs Speaker(s): Margaret Taylor Date: October 19, 2009 - 12:00pm Location: 90-4133 There are serious technological obstacles to achieving climate stabilization by 2050, and climate policy will need to be designed with the appropriate incentives for innovation to overcome these obstacles. The most dominant climate policy instrument today is emissions trading, or cap-and-trade programs (CTPs). This paper synthesizes existing research and presents new data on technology adoption and invention under the two most successful CTPs that share with climate CTPs a focus on reducing emissions from fossil fuel combustion and have had long-enough operations for such an assessment (climate CTPs are too recent for a similar treatment). Emissions

464

The ICARDA Agro-Climate Tool | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

The ICARDA Agro-Climate Tool The ICARDA Agro-Climate Tool Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: The ICARDA Agro-Climate Tool Agency/Company /Organization: United States Department of Agriculture Sector: Land Focus Area: Agriculture Topics: Co-benefits assessment, Resource assessment Website: www.csrl.ars.usda.gov/wewc/icarda%20agro-climate%20tool.aspx The ICARDA Agro-Climate Tool Screenshot References: ICARDA[1] Abstract "A Visual Basic agro-climate application developed by climatologists at the International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas and the U.S. Department of Agriculture is described here. The application's climate database consists of weather generator parameters derived from the station data of 649 meteorological stations. From those parameters the

465

Regional-Scale Climate Change: Observations and Model Simulations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This collaborative proposal addressed key issues in understanding the Earthâ??s climate system, as highlighted by the U.S. Climate Science Program. The research focused on documenting past climatic changes and on assessing future climatic changes based on suites of global and regional climate models. Geographically, our emphasis was on the mountainous regions of the world, with a particular focus on the Neotropics of Central America and the Hawaiian Islands. Mountain regions are zones where large variations in ecosystems occur due to the strong climate zonation forced by the topography. These areas are particularly susceptible to changes in critical ecological thresholds, and we conducted studies of changes in phonological indicators based on various climatic thresholds.

Raymond S. Bradley; Henry F. Diaz

2010-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

466

Open Data for Climate and Health Insights  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Open Data for Climate and Health Insights Print E-mail Open Data for Climate and Health Insights Print E-mail Metadata Access Tool for Climate and Health (MATCH) Website Thursday, May 9, 2013 Posted by Tom Armstrong, Executive Director, U.S. Global Change Research Program Today, in conjunction with a series of landmark steps announced by the Obama Administration to unleash troves of useful data from the vaults of government, the interagency US Global Change Research Program (USGCRP) launched a new online tool that promises to accelerate research relating to climate change and human health-the Metadata Access Tool for Climate and Health, or "MATCH." The Administration announcements made today include an Executive Order signed by the President declaring that information is a valuable national resource and strategic asset, and a new government-wide Open Data Policy requiring that, going forward, data generated by the government shall be made available in open, machine-readable formats. The move will make troves of previously inaccessible or unmanageable data more readily available to entrepreneurs, researchers, and others who can use open data as fuel for innovation, businesses and new services and tools.

467

Climate Variability and Climate Change: The New Climate Dice 10 November 2011  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Climate Variability and Climate Change: The New Climate Dice 10 November 2011 J. Hansen, M. Sato, coincident with increased global warming. The most dramatic and important change of the climate dice change is the natural variability of climate. How can a person discern long-term climate change, given

Hansen, James E.

468

Climate Literacy Framework  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Climate Literacy Framework Print E-mail Climate Literacy Framework Print E-mail A Guide for Individuals and Communities The Essential Principles of Climate Science presents important information for individuals and communities to understand Earth's climate, impacts of climate change, and approaches for adapting and mitigating change. Principles in the guide can serve as discussion starters or launching points for scientific inquiry. The guide can also serve educators who teach climate science as part of their science curricula. Development of the guide began at a workshop sponsored by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) and the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS). Multiple science agencies, non-governmental organizations, and numerous individuals also contributed through extensive review and comment periods. Discussion at the National Science Foundation (NSF) and NOAA-sponsored Atmospheric Sciences and Climate Literacy workshop contributed substantially to the refinement of the document.

469

Little Climates -- Part One  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Part One Part One Nature Bulletin No. 478-A January 27, 1973 Forest Preserve District of Cook County George W. Dunne, President Roland F. Eisenbeis, Supt. of Conservation LITTLE CLIMATES -- Part One: Weather in the Soi. Climate vitally affects our lives. Wherever we live, climate has largely determined the plant and animal life in that region, the development of civilization there and what people do. The climate of any region represents its overall weather picture: the sum of its weather today, tomorrow, and during past centuries. We are accustomed to think of climate as a set of conditions occurring entirely in the atmosphere above the earth's surface, and it may sound silly when we say that there are climates underground -- little climates just as real as those above -- but it's true, There are special kinds of weather in the soil.

470

Research Update Seminar November 2011  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Highland Resort Aviemore, PH22 1PN. Every year Forest Research produces many new pieces of work. Some, Forest Research 1100-1130 Pine-tree lappet moth future climate evaluation - analysis of probabilistic climate projections data from the UKCP09 weather generator Only recently, pine-tree lappet moth

471

Simulator Developed to Drastically Reduce Time of Multijunction PV Device Efficiency Measurements (Fact Sheet), NREL Highlights, Research & Development  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

NREL's new simulator helps speed up research in the race to improve photovoltaic efficiency. Scientists at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) needed a quick and accurate method to predict energy generated from multijunction photovoltaic (PV) test devices. This method had to take into account the nonlinear behavior of multijunction PV. NREL achieved this by developing the One-Sun Multi-Source Simulator (OSMSS), which reduces the time for this type of reference spectrum efficiency measurement from hours or days to minutes. The OSMSS is an automated, spectrally adjustable light source that builds a unique simulator spectrum that causes a multijunction PV device to behave as it would under a reference spectrum. This new simulator consists of four light sources separated into nine wavelength bands between 350 and 2,000 nm. The irradiance in each band is adjustable from zero to about 1.5 suns. All bands are recombined via optical fibers and integrating optics to produce a nearly 10 cm x 10 cm uniform spot. The operator simply links the OSMSS to the quantum efficiency data for the test device, and the OSMSS does the rest. The OSMSS can also determine the power as a function of the spectral irradiance (beyond the reference spectra), total irradiance, and temperature. Major components of the system were built to NREL specification by LabSphere, Inc. NREL developed a new, fully automated tool that rapidly builds a spectrum under which all junctions of a multijunction PV device behave as they would under a reference spectrum. Such a spectrum is essential to properly characterize multijunction devices. The OSMSS reduces the time for building spectra for current vs. voltage measurements from hours or days to minutes. This makes it possible to quickly characterize a multijunction device under many different conditions. The OSMSS will be an important tool to help predict the yearly energy output of a multijunction PV device in a particular environment when provided with a range of spectra and temperatures for that location.

Not Available

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Future Climate Analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This Analysis/Model Report (AMR) documents an analysis that was performed to estimate climatic variables for the next 10,000 years by forecasting the timing and nature of climate change at Yucca Mountain (YM), Nevada (Figure 1), the site of a potential repository for high-level radioactive waste. The future-climate estimates are based on an analysis of past-climate data from analog meteorological stations, and this AMR provides the rationale for the selection of these analog stations. The stations selected provide an upper and a lower climate bound for each future climate, and the data from those sites will provide input to the infiltration model (USGS 2000) and for the total system performance assessment for the Site Recommendation (TSPA-SR) at YM. Forecasting long-term future climates, especially for the next 10,000 years, is highly speculative and rarely attempted. A very limited literature exists concerning the subject, largely from the British radioactive waste disposal effort. The discussion presented here is one method, among many, of establishing upper and lower bounds for future climate estimates. The method used here involves selecting a particular past climate from many past climates, as an analog for future climate. Other studies might develop a different rationale or select other past climates resulting in a different future climate analog. Revision 00 of this AMR was prepared in accordance with the ''Work Direction and Planning Document for Future Climate Analysis'' (Peterman 1999) under Interagency Agreement DE-AI08-97NV12033 with the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). The planning document for the technical scope, content, and management of ICN 01 of this AMR is the ''Technical Work Plan for Unsaturated Zone (UZ) Flow and Transport Process Model Report'' (BSC 2001a). The scope for the TBV resolution actions in this ICN is described in the ''Technical Work Plan for: Integrated Management of Technical Product Input Department''. (BSC 2001b, Addendum B, Section 4.1).

James Houseworth

2001-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

473

Detecting the climatic effects of increasing carbon dioxide  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report documents what is known about detecting the CO2-induced changes in climate, and describes the uncertainties and unknowns associated with this monitoring and analysis effort. The various approaches for detecting CO2-induced climate changes are discussed first, followed by a review of applications of these strategies to the various climatic variables that are expected to be changing. Recommendations are presented for research and analysis activities. Separate abstracts have been prepared for the individual papers. (ACR)

MacCracken, M C; Luther, F M [eds.

1985-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Image Framing in Climate Change News Stories, p-1 Image Themes and Frames in U.S. Print News Stories about Climate Change  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Image Framing in Climate Change News Stories, p-1 Image Themes and Frames in U.S. Print News Stories about Climate Change Stacy Rebich-Hespanha, Ronald E. Rice, Daniel R. Montello, Sean Retzloff, Sandrine Tien & JoĂŁo P. Hespanha Research on frames in climate change news coverage has advanced

Hespanha, JoĂŁo Pedro

475

First National Climate Assessment: Background and Process  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Background and Process Print E-mail Background and Process Print E-mail Workshops of the First National Climate Assessment In February 1997, the U.S. Global Change Research Program and the Office of Science and Technology Policy initiated a series of Regional Climate Change Workshops with the goal of starting the process of examining the vulnerabilities of regions of the United States to climate variability and climate change. What was initially intended to be three or four workshops developed into a series of twenty, covering every state and territory of the United States. The workshops span from May 1997 to September 1998 and represented the first step in conducting a regional assessment. Each workshop was sponsored by one or more government agencies,and was carried out by coordinators from local institutions. For details on each workshop, including its geographic coverage, see:

476

Climate Knowledge Brokers Group | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Climate Knowledge Brokers Group Jump to: navigation, search Home | 2013 Workshop | Previous Events | CKB Snapshots | Collaborative Projects | Shared Tools What is the CKB Group? The Climate Knowledge Brokers (CKB) Group is an emerging alliance of around 50 of the leading global, regional and national websites specialising in climate and development information. It brings together a diverse set of information players, from international organisations to research institutes, NGOs and good practice networks, and covers the full breadth of climate related themes. The focus is on primarily online initiatives, and

477

Climate Vision: Presidential Statements - June 13, 2001  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

President's Statement on Climate Change President's Statement on Climate Change June 13, 2001 Last month, I announced the fundamental principles to guide a scientifically sound and effective global effort to reduce the buildup of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. As I said then, my Administration's climate change policy will be science-based, encourage research breakthroughs that lead to technological innovation, and take advantage of the power of markets. It will encourage global participation and will pursue actions that will help ensure continued economic growth and prosperity for our citizens and for citizens throughout the world. Today I am pleased to report on specific initiatives that have been advanced in the past month by my Cabinet-level climate change working group. These initiatives represent important steps in putting our

478

Climate Change Science Program Issues Report on Climate Models | Department  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Climate Change Science Program Issues Report on Climate Models Climate Change Science Program Issues Report on Climate Models Climate Change Science Program Issues Report on Climate Models July 31, 2008 - 2:40pm Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - The U.S. Climate Change Science Program (CCSP) today announced the release of the report "Climate Models: An Assessment of Strengths and Limitations," the 10th in a series of 21 Synthesis and Assessment Products (SAPs) managed by U.S. federal agencies. Developed under the leadership of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), this report, SAP 3.1, describes computer models of the Earth's climate and their ability to simulate current climate change. "Complex climate models are tools that provide insights and knowledge into how future climate may evolve. To assure that future climate projections

479

MCA4Climate - Guidance for scientifically sound climate change planning |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

MCA4Climate - Guidance for scientifically sound climate change planning MCA4Climate - Guidance for scientifically sound climate change planning Jump to: navigation, search LEDSGP green logo.png FIND MORE DIA TOOLS This tool is part of the Development Impacts Assessment (DIA) Toolkit from the LEDS Global Partnership. Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Multicriteria Analysis for Climate (MCA4climate) Agency/Company /Organization: United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), World Bank Climate Smart Planning Platform Sector: Climate, Energy, Land Topics: Co-benefits assessment, Low emission development planning, Policies/deployment programs Resource Type: Guide/manual Complexity/Ease of Use: Moderate Website: www.mca4climate.info/ Program Start: 2011 Cost: Free Multicriteria Analysis for Climate (MCA4climate) Screenshot References: MCA4Climate - Guidance for scientifically sound climate change planning[1]

480

Research Highlight  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Entrainment Rate in Shallow Cumuli: Probabilistic Distribution and Entrainment Rate in Shallow Cumuli: Probabilistic Distribution and Dependence on Dry Air Sources Download a printable PDF Submitter: Liu, Y., Brookhaven National Laboratory Lu, C., Brookhaven National Laboratory Area of Research: Cloud Processes Working Group(s): Cloud Life Cycle Journal Reference: Lu C, Y Liu, S Niu, and AM Vogelmann. 2012. "Lateral entrainment rate in shallow cumuli: Dependence on dry air sources and probability density functions." Geophysical Research Letters, 39, L20812, doi:10.1029/2012GL053646. Probability density functions (PDFs) of entrainment rate (λ) for different dry air sources in eight cumulus flights. The rate at which cloud engulfs dry air (entrainment rate) has proven to be one of the strongest controls on the climate sensitivity of climate models;

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "measurement climate research" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Research Highlight  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Global Dimming and Brightening: an Update Beyond 2000 Global Dimming and Brightening: an Update Beyond 2000 Download a printable PDF Submitter: Long, C. N., Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Wild, M., Institute for Atmospheric and Climate Science - ETH Zurich Truessel, B., Institute for Atmospheric and Climate Science - ETH Zurich Ohmura, A., Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Koenig-Langlo, G., Alfred Wegener Institute Dutton, E. G., NOAA/OAR/ESRL Tsvetkov, A. V., World Radiation Data Centre Area of Research: Radiation Processes Working Group(s): Radiative Processes Journal Reference: Wild M, B Trüssel, A Ohmura, CN Long, G König-Langlo, EG Dutton, and A Tsvetkov. 2009. "Global dimming and brightening: An update beyond 2000." Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres, 114, D00D13, 10.1029/2008JD011382.

482

Research Highlight  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Cloud-Resolving Model (CRM) Simulations: Robust Results for Use in Climate Cloud-Resolving Model (CRM) Simulations: Robust Results for Use in Climate Model Development Download a printable PDF Submitter: Fridlind, A. M., NASA - Goddard Institute for Space Studies Smith-Mrowiec, A. A., Columbia University/NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies Area of Research: Cloud Processes Working Group(s): Cloud Life Cycle, Cloud-Aerosol-Precipitation Interactions Journal Reference: Mrowiec AA, C Rio, AM Fridlind, AS Ackerman, AD Del Genio, OM Pauluis, AC Varble, and J Fan. 2012. "Analysis of cloud-resolving simulations of a tropical mesoscale convective system observed during TWP-ICE: Vertical fluxes and draft properties in convective and stratiform regions." Journal of Geophysical Research, 117, D19201, doi:10.1029/2012JD017759.

483

Climate Change Review of Muller's chapter on Climate Change from  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Climate Change · Review of Muller's chapter on Climate Change from Physics for Future Society) controversy on climate change (e.g. resignation of Hal Lewis, Ivar Giaever and other notable. #12;Some climate changes basics · IPCC = Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change · The IPCC

Browder, Tom

484

Climate Change: Conflict, Security and Vulnerability Professor of Climate Change  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Climate Change: Conflict, Security and Vulnerability Mike Hulme Professor of Climate Change Science, Society and Sustainability Group School of Environmental Sciences Rethinking Climate Change, Conflict security" "increase risk of conflicts among and within nations" #12;· from `climatic change' to `climate-change

Hulme, Mike

485

Climate program plan. Volume 1 of 2. [For assessing interrelationships between energy and climate  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As part of the United States Climate Program Plan developed by the Interdepartmental Committee for Atmospheric Sciences, DOE is responsible for developing an understanding of and assessment capabilities for the effects of climate and climate fluctuations on man's generation of power, the effects of power generation and its various fuel processes and/or control technologies on climate, and development of blends of power generation and distribution modes that minimize adverse environmental and climatic effects. The DOE Climate Program Plan focuses on these three major roles in basic and applied research. The purpose of this document is to present background information relevant to these roles, to identify the perceived and potential effects of energy technologies on climate that now merit assessment, to define the need for research on the prediction of weather and climate variations and assessment of their effects on power production, and to outline research goals appropriate to the DOE mission. This report focuses on the need for assessing the cycles and budgets of the entire range of substances emitted in power production by the many technologies now in use. Emissions include but are not limited to /sup 85/Kr, particles, sulfur, and nitrogen oxides, waste heat, and hydrocarbons. To provide the basis for assessing the impacts of these emissions, this plan calls for specialized, mission-oriented research to improve understanding of processes that determine how these emissions are transported, transformed, and scavenged in the atmosphere, and of the natural processes that can be affectd by energy activities. This latter category includes potential modification of surface properties caused, for example, by large arrays of solar collectors, extensive biomass production, and wind power modification of the boundary layer. (JGB)

Not Available

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

Sandia National Laboratories: Accelerated Climate Modeling for...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Accelerated Climate Modeling for Energy New Project Is the ACME of Computer Science to Address Climate Change On December 3, 2014, in Analysis, Climate, Global Climate & Energy,...

487

Climate Stewardship Act of 2004 (released in AEO2005)  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

The Climate Stewardship Act of 2004 would establish a system of tradable allowances to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. The bill includes requirements for mandatory emissions reporting by covered entities and for voluntary reporting of emissions reduction activities by noncovered entities; a national greenhouse gas database and registry of reductions; and a research program on climate change and related activities.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

A Simple Empirical Model for Decadal Climate Prediction  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Decadal climate prediction is a challenging aspect of climate research. It has been and will be tackled by various modeling groups. This study proposes a simple empirical forecasting system for the near-surface temperature that can be used as a ...

Oliver Krueger; Jin-Song Von Storch

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

Additional Climate Reports  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Additional Climate Reports Print E-mail Additional Climate Reports Print E-mail Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Reports Internationally, many assessments have been produced to address important questions related to environmental issues such as ozone depletion, climate change, and the loss of biodiversity. Many of these assessments have provided the scientific basis for the elaboration of international agreements, including the Assessment Report Series from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). The IPCC is a scientific intergovernmental body set up by the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) and by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP). IPCC assesses the scientific, technical and socio-economic information relevant for the understanding of the risk of human-induced climate change. Because of its intergovernmental nature, the IPCC is able to provide scientific technical and socio-economic information in a policy-relevant but policy neutral way to decision makers.

490

National Climate Assessment: Overview  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Production Team Production Team Indicators System Coastal Resilience Resources Make Our Science Accessible Link Climate Change & Health Provide Data and Tools Coordinate Internationally National Climate Assessment: Overview Print E-mail What is the National Climate Assessment (NCA)? The NCA is an important resource for understanding and communicating climate change science and impacts in the United States. It informs the nation about already observed changes, the current status of the climate, and anticipated trends for the future. The NCA report process integrates scientific information from multiple sources and sectors to highlight key findings and significant gaps in our knowledge. The NCA also establishes consistent methods for evaluating climate impacts in the U.S. in the context of broader global change. Finally, findings from the NCA provide input to Federal science priorities and are used by U.S. citizens, communities, and businesses as they create more sustainable and environmentally sound plans for the nation's future.

491

Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program facilities newsletter, January 2000  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The subject of this newsletter is the ARM unmanned aerospace vehicle program. The ARM Program's focus is on climate research, specifically research related to solar radiation and its interaction with clouds. The SGP CART site contains highly sophisticated surface instrumentation, but even these instruments cannot gather some crucial climate data from high in the atmosphere. The Department of Energy and the Department of Defense joined together to use a high-tech, high-altitude, long-endurance class of unmanned aircraft known as the unmanned aerospace vehicle (UAV). A UAV is a small, lightweight airplane that is controlled remotely from the ground. A pilot sits in a ground-based cockpit and flies the aircraft as if he were actually on board. The UAV can also fly completely on its own through the use of preprogrammed computer flight routines. The ARM UAV is fitted with payload instruments developed to make highly accurate measurements of atmospheric flux, radiance, and clouds. Using a UAV is beneficial to climate research in many ways. The UAV puts the instrumentation within the environment being studied and gives scientists direct measurements, in contrast to indirect measurements from satellites orbiting high above Earth. The data collected by UAVs can be used to verify and calibrate measurements and calculated values from satellites, therefore making satellite data more useful and valuable to researchers.

Sisterson, D.L.

2000-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

492

Geoelectrical Measurement of Multi-Scale Mass Transfer Parameters Final Report to the Subsurface Biogeochemical Research Program  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

. In this project, we sought to capitalize on the geophysical signatures of mass transfer. Previous numerical modeling and pilot-scale field experiments suggested that mass transfer produces a geoelectrical signature—a hysteretic relation between sampled (mobile-domain) fluid conductivity and bulk (mobile + immobile) conductivity—over a range of scales relevant to aquifer remediation. In this work, we investigated the geoelectrical signature of mass transfer during tracer transport in a series of controlled experiments to determine the operation of controlling parameters, and also investigated the use of complex-resistivity (CR) as a means of quantifying mass transfer parameters in situ without tracer experiments. In an add-on component to our grant, we additionally considered nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) to help parse mobile from immobile porosities. Our study objectives were to: 1. Develop and demonstrate geophysical approaches to measure mass-transfer parameters spatially and over a range of scales, including the combination of electrical resistivity monitoring, tracer tests, complex resistivity, nuclear magnetic resonance, and materials characterization; and 2. Provide mass-transfer estimates for improved understanding of contaminant fate and transport at DOE sites, such as uranium transport at the Hanford 300 Area. To achieve our objectives, we implemented a 3-part research plan involving (1) development of computer codes and techniques to estimate mass-transfer parameters from time-lapse electrical data; (2) bench-scale experiments on synthetic materials and materials from cores from the Hanford 300 Area; and (3) field demonstration experiments at the DOE’s Hanford 300 Area.

Day-Lewis, Frederick; Singha, Kamini; Haggerty, Roy; Johnson, Timothy; Binley, Andrew; Lane, John

2014-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

493

International Finance and Climate Change  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

International Finance and Climate Change Thursday, October 17, 2013 Breakfast ­ 8:30 a Principal Climate Change Specialist, Climate Business Group at International Finance Corporation, World Bank Group Vladimir Stenek Senior Climate Change Specialist, Climate Business Department of the International

Zhang, Junshan

494

Conservation and Global Climate Change  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

V.6 Conservation and Global Climate Change Diane M. Debinski and Molly S. Cross OUTLINE 1. Introduction 2. How climate is changing 3. Environmental responses to climate change 4. Consequences of climate the coming decades will be preserving biodiversity in the face of climate change. It has become increasingly

Landweber, Laura

495

Climate Change Proposed Scoping Plan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Climate Change Proposed Scoping Plan a amework for change Prepared by the California Air ResourcesBackgroundBackgroundBackground ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 4444 1. Climate Change Policy in California1. Climate Change Policy in California1. Climate Change Policy in California1. Climate Change Policy in California

496

Climate Analysis, Monitoring, and Modeling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and hydrological monitoring stations, and improving the projections on future climate change. Climate change. This project continues the state's climate monitoring and analysis program. Project Description in climate projections for the 21st century. · Provide analyses and interpretation of regional climate

497

Does Diversity Climate Lead to Customer Satisfaction? It Depends on the Service Climate and Business Unit Demography  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Extending insights from Cox's interactional model of cultural diversity [Cox, T. H., Jr. 1994. Cultural Diversity in Organizations: Theory, Research and Practice. Berett-Koehler, San Francisco], we examine the influence of diversity climate on ... Keywords: customer satisfaction, demography, diversity, organizational climate, service

Patrick F. McKay; Derek R. Avery; Hui Liao; Mark A. Morris

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

Climate Modeling using High-Performance Computing The Center for Applied Scientific Computing (CASC) and the LLNL Climate and Carbon  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and NCAR in the development of a comprehensive, earth systems model. This model incorporates the most-performance climate models. Through the addition of relevant physical processes, we are developing an earth systems modeling capability as well. Our collaborators in climate research include the National Center

499

Sandia National Laboratories: Climate  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Geoscience, Climate and Consequence Effect at Sandia National Laboratories presented on "Hydraulic Fracturing: Role of Government-Sponsored R&D." Marianne's presentation was part...

500

Future Climate Analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report documents an analysis that was performed to estimate climatic variables for the next 10,000 years by forecasting the timing and nature of climate change at Yucca Mountain, Nevada, the site of a repository for spent nuclear fuel and high-level radioactive waste. The future-climate estimates are based on an analysis of past-climate data from analog meteorological stations, and this report provides the rationale for the selection of these analog stations. The stations selected provide an upper and a lower climate bound for each future climate, and the data from those sites will provide input to the following reports: ''Simulation of Net Infiltration for Present-Day and Potential Future Climates'' (BSC 2004 [DIRS 170007]), ''Total System Performance Assessment (TSPA) Model/Analysis for the License Application'' (BSC 2004 [DIRS 168504]), ''Features, Events, and Processes in UZ Flow and Transport'' (BSC 2004 [DIRS 170012]), and ''Features, Events, and Processes in SZ Flow and Transport'' (BSC 2004 [DIRS 170013]). Forecasting long-term future climates, especially for the next 10,000 years, is highly speculative and rarely attempted. A very limited literature exists concerning the subject, largely from the British radioactive waste disposal effort. The discussion presented here is one available forecasting method for establishing upper and lower bounds for future climate estimates. The selection of different methods is directly dependent on the available evidence used to build a forecasting argument. The method used here involves selecting a particular past climate from many past climates, as an analog for future climate. While alternative analyses are possible for the case presented for Yucca Mountain, the evidence (data) used would be the same and the conclusions would not be expected to drastically change. Other studies might develop a different rationale or select other past climates resulting in a different future climate analog. Other alternative approaches could include simulation of climate over the 10,000-year period; however, this modeling extrapolation is well beyond the bounds of current scientific practice and would not provide results with better confidence. A corroborative alternative approach may be found in ''Future Climate Analysis-10,000 Years to 1,000,000 Years After Present'' (Sharpe 2003 [DIRS 161591]). The current revision of this report is prepared in accordance with ''Technical Work Plan for: Unsaturated Zone Flow Analysis and Model Report Integration'' (BSC 2004 [DIRS 169654]).

C. G. Cambell

2004-09-03T23:59:59.000Z