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1

Measuring Value in Healthcare  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A statistical description and model of individual healthcare expenditures in the US has been developed for measuring value in healthcare. We find evidence that healthcare expenditures are quantifiable as an infusion-diffusion process, which can be thought of intuitively as a steady change in the intensity of treatment superimposed on a random process reflecting variations in the efficiency and effectiveness of treatment. The arithmetic mean represents the net average annual cost of healthcare; and when multiplied by the arithmetic standard deviation, which represents the effective risk, the result is a measure of healthcare cost control. Policymakers, providers, payors, or patients that decrease these parameters are generating value in healthcare. The model has an average absolute prediction error of approximately 10-12% across the range of expenditures which spans 6 orders of magnitude over a nearly 10-year period. For the top 1% of the population with the largest expenditures, representing 20%-30% of total ...

Gardner, Christopher

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

On the structure of invariant measures for set-valued maps  

SciTech Connect

Properties of measures invariant with respect to set-valued maps are studied. It is shown that an absolutely continuous invariant measure for a set-valued map need not be unique, and the set of all invariant measures need not be a Choquet simplex. The problem concerning the existence of invariant measures with respect to set-valued maps parametrized by single-valued and set-valued maps of the circle having various smoothness classes is studied. Bibliography: 13 titles.

Gorbachev, Aleksei N; Stepin, Anatolii M [M. V. Lomonosov Moscow State University, Faculty of Mechanics and Mathematics, Moscow (Russian Federation)

2011-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

3

Weak Values and Direct Measurement of the Quantum Wavefunction  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We review recent work showing that weak values and weak measurements can be used to perform certain measurements with unprecedented accuracy and moreover can be used to perform a...

Boyd, Robert W

4

Green Noise or Green Value? Measuring the Effects of Environmental  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Noise or Green Value? Measuring the Effects of Noise or Green Value? Measuring the Effects of Environmental Certification on Office Values Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us Portfolio Manager Login Facility owners and managers Existing buildings Commercial new construction Industrial energy management Small business Service providers Service and product providers Verify applications for ENERGY STAR certification Design commercial buildings Energy efficiency program administrators Commercial and industrial program sponsors Associations State and local governments Federal agencies Tools and resources Training In This Section Campaigns Commercial building design Communications resources Energy management guidance Financial resources Portfolio Manager Products and purchasing Recognition Research and reports Service and product provider (SPP) resources

5

Measurement of the Q value of an acoustic resonator  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A cylindrical acoustic resonator was externally driven at the first resonance frequency by a compression driver. The acoustic energy stored in the resonator and the power dissipated per unit time were evaluated through the simultaneous measurements of acoustic pressure and velocity, in order to determine the Q value of the resonator. The resulting Q value, being employed as a measure of the damping in a resonator, was obtained as 36. However, the Q value determined from a frequency response curve known as a conventional technique turned out to be 25, which is 30% less than that obtained in the present method. By further applying these two methods in the case of a resonator having an acoustic load inside, we present an accurate measurement of the Q value of the resonator by making full use of its definition.

Tetsushi Biwa; Yuki Ueda; Hiroshi Nomura; Uichiro Mizutani; Taichi Yazaki

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Measuring and prioritising value of mobile phone usage  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The purpose of this research is to measure and prioritise the value of mobile phone usage using employees' perspectives. The Content analysis method and the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) were adopted to collect and analyse data. According ... Keywords: AHP, analytical hierarchy process, cell phones, content analysis, convenience, customer value, m-commerce, mobile commerce, mobile communications, mobile phone usage, mobile phone users, mobile phones, mobile services

Chung-Chu Liu

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Measuring the strategic value of information technology investments  

SciTech Connect

Value is often perceived differently by the proponents of new information technologies and those who allocate resources and define priorities. Such differences often become a roadblock to meeting true business needs. Project justifications regularly rely on calculated cost savings, which rarely measure the full benefit of new technologies. In fact, if cost savings provide a complete picture, then the organization is probably just automating routine clerical operations and has abandoned efforts that would provide significant strategic value. Strategic value is not limited to financial calculations, but includes quality, time and risk criteria. This paper describes approaches for measuring strategic value that can provide organizations with proven techniques to improve performance, reengineer processes, benchmark performance against other suppliers, identify outsourcing opportunities, or defend themselves from pressures to outsource. Many organizations respond to tightening budgets by cutting overhead. These measurement approaches can demonstrate how overhead is critical to organizational effectiveness and how cost savings can be found, instead, by measurably improving performance throughout the organization. Finally, the paper describes efforts underway within the Department of Energy and at the Hanford Site to implement the approaches described in this paper.

Conrad, K.W. [Boeing Computer Services Co., Richland, WA (United States)

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

November, 1994 Page 1 MEASURING THE VALUE OF KNOWLEDGE 1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

November, 1994 Page 1 MEASURING THE VALUE OF KNOWLEDGE 1 Yoram Reich Department of Solid Mechanics, software engineering, design, machine learning, knowledge acquisition, research methodology ABSTRACT The quality of knowledge a system has substantiallyinfluences its performance. Often, the terms knowledge, its

Reich, Yoram

9

Defining and Computing a Valued Based Cyber-Security Measure  

SciTech Connect

In earlier work, we presented a value based measure of cybersecurity that quantifies the security of a system in concrete terms, specifically, in terms of how much each system stakeholder stands to lose (in dollars per hour of operation) as a result of security threats and system vulnerabilities; our metric varies according to the stakes that each stakeholder has in meeting each security requirement. In this paper, we discuss the specification and design of a system that collects, updates, and maintains all the information that pertains to estimating our cybersecurity measure, and offers stakeholders quantitative means to make security-related decisions.

Aissa, Anis Ben [University of Tunis, Belvedere, Tunisia; Abercrombie, Robert K [ORNL; Sheldon, Frederick T [ORNL; Mili, Ali [New Jersey Insitute of Technology

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Ultra-low Q values for neutrino mass measurements  

SciTech Connect

We investigate weak nuclear decays with extremely small kinetic energy release (Q value) and thus extremely good sensitivity to the absolute neutrino mass scale. In particular, we consider decays into excited daughter states, and we show that partial ionization of the parent atom can help to tune Q values to << 1 keV. We discuss several candidate isotopes undergoing {beta}{sup {+-}}, bound state {beta}, or electron capture decay, and come to the conclusion that a neutrino mass measurement using low-Q decays might only be feasible if no ionization is required, and if future improvements in isotope production technology, nuclear mass spectroscopy, and atomic structure calculations are possible. Experiments using ions, however, are extremely challenging due to the large number of ions that must be stored. New precision data on nuclear excitation levels could help to identify further isotopes with low-Q decay modes and possibly less challenging requirements.

Kopp, Joachim; /Heidelberg, Max Planck Inst. /Fermilab; Merle, Alexander; /Heidelberg, Max Planck Inst.

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

The Bungee Jumper: A Comparison of Predicted and Measured Values  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The greater-than-gacceleration of a bungee jumper discussed in a previous article in this journal by Kagan and Kott1 led to many lively discussions among Dutch physics teachers. These inspired me to look for an inexpensive experimental setup suitable for use in a high school physics class that can be used to confirm that indeed the acceleration is greater than g. In this paper I describe an exercise to compare the predicted and the measured graphs for the displacement y(t) of the jumper and the force F b(t) exerted by the bungee on the bridge to which it is fastened. In my apparatus the “bungee” consists of a light chain and the “jumper” is a small piece of brass. Data collection and the calculation of predicted values were carried out using Coach.2 The analysis reliably leads to the conclusion that the acceleration of the falling jumper does indeed exceed g.

Hubert Biezeveld

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Intensity-Value Corrections for Integrating Sphere Measurements of Solid Samples Measured behind Glass  

SciTech Connect

Accurate and calibrated directional-hemispherical reflectance spectra of solids are important for both in situ and remote sensing. Many solids are in the form of powders or granules and in order to measure their diffuse reflectance spectra in the laboratory, it is often necessary to place the samples behind a transparent medium such as glass for the UV, visible or near-infrared spectral regions. Using both experimental and theoretical methods we have found that the glass (fused quartz in our case) leads to artifacts in the reflectance values. We report for the first time that the measured reflectance intensity values, for both hemispherical and diffuse reflectance, are distorted by the additional reflectances arising at the air-quartz and sample-quartz interfaces. The values are dependent on the sample reflectance and are vertically shifted with intensity offsets in the hemispherical case leading to measured values up to ?6% too high for a 2% reflectance surface, ?3.8% too high for 10% reflecting materials, approximately correct for 40%- to 60%-diffuse reflecting surfaces, and ?1.5% too low for 99% reflecting Spectralon surfaces. For the case of diffuse-only reflectance, the measured values are uniformly too low due to the polished glass, with differences of nearly 6% for 99%-reflecting matte surfaces. The deviations arise from the added reflections from the quartz surfaces as verified by both theory and experiment, and have some dependence on sphere design. Empirical correction factors were implemented into post-processing software to redress the artifact for hemispherical and diffuse reflectance data across the 300 to 2300 nm range.

Johnson, Timothy J.; Bernacki, Bruce E.; Redding, Rebecca L.; Su, Yin-Fong; Brauer, Carolyn S.; Myers, Tanya L.; Stephan, Eric G.

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Measure valued solutions to conservation laws motivated by traffic modelling  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...speed law v associates to any Radon measure on [V *,V *] a...that is the Banach space of Radon measures on equipped with the...Mathematics, supported by the HYKE-project, EU (RTN), HPRN-CT-2002-00282...Brescia University fund for international activities is also acknowledged...

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

ESTIMATED NEPTUNIUM SEDIMENT SORPTION VALUES AS A FUNCTION OF PH AND MEASURED BARIUM AND RADIUM KD VALUES  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this document is to provide traceability and justification for a select few new geochemical data used in the Special Analysis entitled 'Special Analysis for the Dose Assessment of the Final Inventories in Center Slit Trenches One through Five'. Most values used in the Special Analysis came from the traditional geochemical data package, however, some recent laboratory measurements have made it possible to estimate barium K{sub d} values. Additionally, some recent calculations were made to estimate neptunium K{sub d} values as a function of pH. The assumptions, justifications, and calculations needed to generate these new values are presented in this document, and the values are summarized.

Kaplan, D.

2011-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

15

Refrigerator/freezer energy use: Measured values vs. simulation results  

SciTech Connect

The EPA Refrigerator Analysis (ERA) program was utilized in the engineering analysis performed to support the proposed refrigerator/freezer standards in the United States. In this paper the accuracy of the ERA program for predicting the energy consumption of domestic refrigerators, freezers, and refrigerator-freezers is studied by comparing the predicted energy consumption with the measured energy consumption.

Hakim, S.H.; Turiel, I. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab., CA (United States). Energy and Environment Div.

1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

16

Optimal estimation of an observable's expectation value for pure states for general measure of deviation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate the optimal estimation of quantum expectation value of a physical observable, which minimizes a mean error with respect to general measure of deviation, when a finite number of copies of a pure state are prepared. If pure sates are uniformly distributed, the minimum value of mean error for any measure of deviation is achieved by projective measurement on each copy.

Minoru Horibe; Akihisa Hayashi; Takaaki Hashimoto

2006-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

17

Measuring effectiveness and value of email advertisements in relationship-oriented email messages  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis explores the value of email advertisements in relationship-based communication by measuring click-through rates. Advertisements were embedded within standard electronic mail messages in a template. The results ...

Shenoy, Dinesh (Dinesh Arkal)

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Measuring the mean value of vibrational observables in trapped ion systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The theoretical foundations of a new general approach to the measurement problem of vibrational observables in trapped ion systems is reported. The method rests upon the introduction of a simple vibronic coupling structure appropriately conceived to link the internal ionic state measurement outcomes to the mean value of a motional variable of interest. Some applications are provided and discussed in detail, bringing to light the feasibility and the wide potentiality of the proposal.

B. Militello; A. Messina; A. Napoli

2002-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

19

PTC, ITC, or Cash Grant? Measuring the Value of Stimulus to Wind Power  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

PTC, ITC, or Cash Grant? Measuring the Value of Stimulus to Wind Power PTC, ITC, or Cash Grant? Measuring the Value of Stimulus to Wind Power Projects in the United States Speaker(s): Mark Bolinger Date: January 26, 2010 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Ryan Wiser The financial crisis of 2008/2009 spawned two major stimulus packages in the U.S. that, in combination, have fundamentally reshaped the federal policy landscape for wind power. Most notably, qualifying wind projects can now, for a limited time only, choose either a 30% investment tax credit (ITC) or a 30% cash grant in lieu of the 10-year production tax credit (PTC) that wind has historically received. This presentation analyzes the impact of this newfound choice of federal incentives on wind power development in the U.S., focusing not only on the relative "face value"

20

A new precision experiment to measure the muon g-2 value  

SciTech Connect

A new measurement of the g-2 value of the muon with a sensitivity of .35 parts per million is being prepared at the Brookhaven National Laboratory Alternate Gradient Synchrotron (BNL AGS). The weak interaction contributes significantly to the magnetic moment anomaly at the planned level of sensitivity. 11 refs., 3 figs.

May, M.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "measured values shown" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

A comparison of the values of Poisson's ratio of rocks measured statically and dynamically  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

T s 15 Where: V s T s POISSON'S RATIO Velocity of shear wave - Ft/Sec. Travel time - microseconds (Sonic Method) , H YOUNG'S NODULUS (Triaxiai Method) b, p Where. ' E YOUNG'S NODULUS Young's modulus - psi Incremental pressure change - psi...A COMPARISON OF THE VALUES OF POISSON'S RATIO OF ROCKS MEASURED STATICALLY AND DYNAMICALLY A Thesis by Benjamin F. M rek Submitted to I;he Graduate College of the Texas ASM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree...

Marek, Benjamin Frank

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

22

The value of urinary chloride measurement in distinguishing surreptitious vomiting from Bartter's syndrome  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Urinary chloride measurement is a simple and common procedure but its value in clinical practice is not extensive. This case report highlights a practical and important use of this test. A patient presented with most of the clinical and metabolic derangements of Bartter's syndrome but was found to have extremely low or absent urinary chloride excretion. Her ability to excrete chloride was, however, intact during a chloride load test. The finding of low urinary chloride excretion did not support the diagnosis of Bartter's syndrome and suggested an extrarenal loss of chloride. This was confirmed when she eventually admitted to surreptitious vomiting.

Teik C. Ooi; Wojciech J. Poznanski; Daylily S. Ooi

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Comparisons of predicted and measured values of speech, noise, reverberation and early reflections in optimized classrooms  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

12 newly renovated classrooms have been studied to determine the accuracy of prediction software used to guide architects acousticians and interior designers. Several variations in renovation techniques based on traditional precepts were compared. After the renovations were complete measurements and recordings were made of speech noise and reverberation when the rooms were both occupied and nonoccupied by students. A systematic map of the results was compiled which when presented on a seat by seat basis defined values of merit for the presumed optimizations and were compared to the predicted values. The two principle indices chosen as targets were increases in total speech level and decreases in total noise level (including late reverberation). When referred to these targets several novel strategies proved to offer higher value/cost ratios while a few traditional strategies proved to be deficient and in some cases detrimental to at least one of the principle indices. Emerging from this study is what appears to be evidence for two points: (1) that some common acoustic criteria are inadequate for classrooms and (2) there are several strategies that might offer significant advantages over some of the traditional guidelines for acoustic treatments for learning spaces.

Sooch San Souci; Line Guerra; Richard Campbell

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Measurement of the solar heat gain coefficient and U value of windows with insect screens  

SciTech Connect

Energy ratings are currently being used in a number of countries to assist in the selection of windows and doors based on energy performance. Developed for simple comparison purposes, these rating numbers do not take into account window removable attachments such as insect screens that are, nevertheless, widely used. Research was carried out to assess the effect of insect screens on the heat gains and losses of windows. The work reported in this paper deals with the effect of one screen type on the performance of a base-case, double-glazed window. Using an indoor solar simulator facility, measurements of the window solar heat gain coefficient (SHGC) and U value were made for different screen attachment configurations and climatic conditions. Results with the sample window tested indicate that insect screens placed on the outdoor side can reduce its SHGC by 46% with only a 7% reduction in its U value (0.19 W/m{sup 2}{center_dot}C), and that insect screens placed on the indoor side can reduce its SHGC by 15% while reducing its U value by 14% (0.38 W/m{sup 2}{center_dot}C).

Brunger, A.; Dubrous, F.M.; Harrison, S.

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

AN ANALYSIS OF THE MEASURED VALUES FOR THE STATE OF STRESS IN THE EARTH'S CRUST  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Jung, R. (1975). Hydraulic Fracturing Stress Measurements,measurement in hydraulic fracturing has been described by

Cook, Neville G.W.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

AN ANALYSIS OF THE MEASURED VALUES FOR THE STATE OF STRESS IN THE EARTH'S CRUST  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Jung, R. (1975). Hydraulic Fracturing Stress Measurements,measurement in hydraulic fracturing has been described by

Jamison, Dennis B.; Cook, Neville G.W.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Testing Measurement Invariance Using MIMIC: Likelihood Ratio Test and Modification Indices with a Critical Value Adjustment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Multiple-indicators multiple-causes (MIMIC) modeling is often employed for measurement invariance testing under the structural equation modeling framework. This Monte Carlo study explored the behaviors of MIMIC as a measurement invariance testing...

Kim, Eun Sook

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

28

Quantum measurement and the first law of thermodynamics: the energy cost of measurement is the work value of the acquired information  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The energy cost of measurement is an interesting fundamental question, and may have profound implications for quantum technologies. In the context of Maxwell's demon, it is often stated that measurement has no minimum energy cost, while information has a work value, even though these statements can appear contradictory. However, as we elucidate, these statements do no refer to the cost paid by the measuring device. Here we show that it is only when a measuring device has access to a zero temperature reservoir - that is, never - that the measurement requires no energy. All real measuring devices pay the cost that a heat engine pays to obtain the work value of the information they acquire.

Kurt Jacobs

2012-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

29

Quantum measurement and the first law of thermodynamics: The energy cost of measurement is the work value of the acquired information  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The energy cost of measurement is an important fundamental question, and may have profound implications for quantum technologies. In the context of Maxwell's demon, it is often stated that measurement has no minimum energy cost, while information has a work value. However, as we elucidate, the first of these statements does not refer to the cost paid by the measuring device. Here we show that it is only when a measuring device has access to a zero-temperature reservoir—that is, never—that measurement requires no energy. To obtain a given amount of information, all measuring devices must pay a cost equal to that which a heat engine would pay to obtain the equivalent work value of that information.

Kurt Jacobs

2012-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

30

THE `TEST STATISTICS REPORT' provides a synopsis of the test attributes and some important statistics. A sample is shown here to the right.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

#12;THE `TEST STATISTICS REPORT' provides a synopsis of the test attributes and some important statistics. A sample is shown here to the right. The Test reliability indicators are measures of how well: Are formulae for testing reliability as a measure of internal consistency. Higher values indicate a stronger

Kambhampati, Patanjali

31

Convection in Arc Weld Pools Electromagnetic and surface tension forces are shown to  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Convection in Arc Weld Pools Electromagnetic and surface tension forces are shown to dominate flow tension forces. It is shown that the electromag- netic and surface tension forces domi- nate the flow by experimental measurements of segrega- tion in the weld pool. It is also shown that the surface tension driven

Eagar, Thomas W.

32

The ecological value of stream restoration measures: An evaluation on ecosystem and target species scales  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Stream restoration is widely applied for conservation of freshwater ecosystems, but systematic comparisons on the effects of different techniques are rare. In this study, we systematically evaluated two types of gravel introduction, substratum raking and the placement of boulders in six streams. We compared indicator-based and multi-scale approaches that simultaneously assess effects on target species, different taxonomic groups and on ecosystem scale. Gravel introduction had by far the strongest effects on macroinvertebrates (increase of species density and numbers of individuals), periphyton (increase of cell numbers) and macrophytes (decrease of coverage, species numbers and biomass), followed by substratum raking. The placement of boulders had no significant long-term effects on aquatic communities. Over all investigated restoration treatments, fish community composition only changed significantly in 50% of the study rivers depending on the occurrence of species sensitive to the structures introduced by the restoration treatments. These were lithophilic, rheophilic and invertivorous fishes, comprising several species listed in the Red List of endangered species, which used the added 16–32 mm gravel as juvenile habitat. Areas with introduced gravel were also most frequently used by spawning Salmo trutta, Thymallus thymallus and Phoxinus phoxinus. In contrast, active bioindication using Salmo trutta eggs indicated that none of the restoration treatments was sufficient to enhance habitat conditions in deeper substratum layers throughout the egg incubation period. Our results suggest that instream restoration measures can contribute to freshwater biodiversity conservation, but reproductive success of species depending on long-term improvement of interstitial water quality cannot be achieved without considering catchment effects and natural substratum dynamics.

Melanie Mueller; Joachim Pander; Juergen Geist

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Application for CALS-CCE 2013 Summer Internship Title of project: Connecting Feeder Cattle and Carcass Measurements to Retail Value of Beef  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Carcass Measurements to Retail Value of Beef Worksite location (CCE association or associations where and genetics there is a wide disparity in the retail value of the beef. To determine the factors that affect retail value, production, carcass and retail data has been collected at a small meat processor

Keinan, Alon

34

41JUNE 2005AMERICAN METEOROLOGICAL SOCIETY | (not shown). This warm,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

41JUNE 2005AMERICAN METEOROLOGICAL SOCIETY | (not shown). This warm, southerly flow accelerates to intense solar radiation, which lead to an early onset of melt. Therefore, an early and pro- longed meltW South 2004 (1), 2003 (2) Egedesminde 68.7ºN, 52.8ºW Central west 2004 (2), 2003 (1) Tasiilaq 65.6ºN, 37

Box, Jason E.

35

A DOCUMENTATION OF BIDDING GAMES USED IN MEASURING SOCIAL VALUE Excerpt from NUREG/CR-0989, PNL-2952, Vol. II Appendix C  

SciTech Connect

This paper reviews the bidding game literature describing strategies used to measure the social value of various impacts resulting from environmentaltering projects. The theoretical measures of social value are presented, followed by a discussion of their relationship to different types of bidding games. Previous bidding game studies are documented. The important elements of bidding games and their relationship to the theoretical measures of social value are discussed. Finally, elements of the bidding games designed for a Pacific Northwest Laboratory project are compared with those of the studies reviewed.

J W .Currie, J. Kidd (a)

1980-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

A Review of the Property Value Approach to Measuring the Welfare Impact of an Externality Excerpt from NUREG/CR-0989, PNL-2952 Vol. II Appendix B  

SciTech Connect

This paper reviews 1) the quantitative measurement of the welfare impact due to an externality and 2) the empirical estimation of the welfare impact of an externality using the property value approach.

RC. Adams

1980-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Measurement of the 12C(e,e'p)11B Two-Body Breakup Reaction at High Missing Momentum Values  

SciTech Connect

The five-fold differential cross section for the 12C(e,e'p)11B reaction was determined over a missing momentum range of 200-400 MeV/c, in a kinematics regime with Bjorken x > 1 and Q2 = 2.0 (GeV/c)2. A comparison of the results and theoretical models and previous lower missing momentum data is shown. The theoretical calculations agree well with the data up to a missing momentum value of 325 MeV/c and then diverge for larger missing momenta. The extracted distorted momentum distribution is shown to be consistent with previous data and extends the range of available data up to 400 MeV/c.

Monaghan, P.; Shneor, R.; Subedi, R.; Anderson, B.D.; Aniol, K.; Annand, J.; Arrington, J.; Benaoum, H.; Benmokhtar, F.; Bertin, P.; Bertozzi, W.; Boeglin, W.; Chen, J.P.; Choi, Seonho; Chudakov, E.; Ciofi degli-Atti, C.; Cisbani, E.; Cosyn, W.; Craver, B.; de Jager, C.W.; Feuerbach, R.J.; Folts, E.; Frullani, S.; Garibaldi, F.; Gayou, O.; Gilad, S.; Gilman, R.; Glamazdin, O.; Gomez, J.; Hansen, O.; Higinbotham, D.W.; Holmstrom, T.; Ibrahim, H.; Igarashi, R.; Jans, E.; Jiang, X.; Jiang, Y.; Kaufman, L.; Kelleher, A.; Kolarkar, A.; Kuchina, E.; Kumbartzki, G.; LeRose, J.J.; Lindgren, R.; Liyanage, N.; Margaziotis, D.J.; Markowitz, P.; Marrone, S.; Mazouz, M.; Meekins, D.; Michaels, R.; Moffit, B.; Morita, H.; Nanda, S.; Perdrisat, C.F.; Piasetzky, E.; Potokar, M.; Punjabi, V.; Qiang, Y.; Reinhold, J.; Reitz, B.; Ron, G.; Rosner, G.; Ryckebusch, J.; Saha, A.; Sawatzky, B.; Segal, J.; Shahinyan, A.; Sirca, S.; Slifer, K.; Solvignon, P.; Sulkosky, V.; Thompson, N.; Ulmer, P.E.; Urciuoli, G.M.; Voutier, E.; Wang, K.; Watson, J.W.; Weinstein, L.B.; Wojtsekhowski, B.; Wood, S.; Yao, H.; Zheng, X.; Zhu, L.

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Value Engineering  

Directives, Delegations, and Requirements

To establish Department of Energy (DOE) value engineering policy that establishs and maintains cost-effective value procedures and processes.

2002-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

39

First Direct Double-Beta Decay Q-value Measurement of 82Se in Support of Understanding the Nature of the Neutrino  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In anticipation of results from current and future double-beta decay studies, we report a measurement resulting in a 82Se double-beta decay Q-value of 2997.9(3) keV, an order of magnitude more precise than the currently accepted value. We also present preliminary results of a calculation of the 82Se neutrinoless double-beta decay nuclear matrix element that corrects in part for the small size of the shell model single-particle space. The results of this work are important for designing next generation double-beta decay experiments and for the theoretical interpretations of their observations.

David L. Lincoln; Jason D. Holt; Georg Bollen; Maxime Brodeur; Scott Bustabad; Jonathan Engel; Samuel J. Novario; Matthew Redshaw; Ryan Ringle; Stefan Schwarz

2012-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

40

Quality Control Quantification (QCQ): A Tool to Measure the Value of Quality Control Checks in Radiation Oncology  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To quantify the error-detection effectiveness of commonly used quality control (QC) measures. Methods: We analyzed incidents from 2007-2010 logged into a voluntary in-house, electronic incident learning systems at 2 academic radiation oncology clinics. None of the incidents resulted in patient harm. Each incident was graded for potential severity using the French Nuclear Safety Authority scoring scale; high potential severity incidents (score >3) were considered, along with a subset of 30 randomly chosen low severity incidents. Each report was evaluated to identify which of 15 common QC checks could have detected it. The effectiveness was calculated, defined as the percentage of incidents that each QC measure could detect, both for individual QC checks and for combinations of checks. Results: In total, 4407 incidents were reported, 292 of which had high-potential severity. High- and low-severity incidents were detectable by 4.0 {+-} 2.3 (mean {+-} SD) and 2.6 {+-} 1.4 QC checks, respectively (P<.001). All individual checks were less than 50% sensitive with the exception of pretreatment plan review by a physicist (63%). An effectiveness of 97% was achieved with 7 checks used in combination and was not further improved with more checks. The combination of checks with the highest effectiveness includes physics plan review, physician plan review, Electronic Portal Imaging Device-based in vivo portal dosimetry, radiation therapist timeout, weekly physics chart check, the use of checklists, port films, and source-to-skin distance checks. Some commonly used QC checks such as pretreatment intensity modulated radiation therapy QA do not substantially add to the ability to detect errors in these data. Conclusions: The effectiveness of QC measures in radiation oncology depends sensitively on which checks are used and in which combinations. A small percentage of errors cannot be detected by any of the standard formal QC checks currently in broad use, suggesting that further improvements are needed. These data require confirmation with a broader incident-reporting database.

Ford, Eric C., E-mail: eford@uw.edu [Department of Radiation Oncology and Molecular Radiation Sciences, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland (United States); Terezakis, Stephanie; Souranis, Annette; Harris, Kendra [Department of Radiation Oncology and Molecular Radiation Sciences, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology and Molecular Radiation Sciences, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland (United States); Gay, Hiram; Mutic, Sasa [Department of Radiation Oncology, Washington University, St. Louis, Missouri (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, Washington University, St. Louis, Missouri (United States)

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "measured values shown" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

The Value of Economic Reality: Applying Economic Value Added.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The concept of Economic Value Added (EVA) is a revolutionary way to measure the value of a business. In its simplest form, EVA is a… (more)

Phillips, David M

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

VALUE STUDY  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

PREPARED FOR: DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY OFFICE OF CONTRACT RESOURCES AND RESOURCE MANAGEMENT SEPTEMBER 2008 UPDATE BY: AON CONSULTING INC. FEBRUARY 1999 UPDATED SEPTEMBER 29, 2008 VALUE STUDY DESK MANUAL Prepared for: DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY By: BUCK CONSULTANTS Under DE-AC01-96AD38107 Update Prepared for: DOE By: AON CONSULTING, INC. Under Delivery Order DE-BP01-08MA345678, Contract No. DE-AB01-08-ME11881 Contents PART I Overview of Value Study Illustrative Flow Charts...................................................................................................................................... 1 1. Purpose................................................................................................................................................... 4

43

Value Engineering  

Directives, Delegations, and Requirements

To establish Department of Energy (DOE) value engineering policy that meets the requirements of Public Law 104-106, Section 4306 as codified by 41 United States Code 432. Canceled by DOE N 251.94. Does not cancel other directives.

2004-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

44

Final Rulemaking, 10 CFR Part 1021, with Amendments Shown In Tracked Changes  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This document presents the final rule as issued September 27, 2011, amendments shown with changes tracked (additions in blue, deletions in red). Categorical exclusions are listed in Appendices A...

45

DOE Takes Action to Stop the Sales of Air-Con Air Conditioner Models Shown  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Takes Action to Stop the Sales of Air-Con Air Conditioner Takes Action to Stop the Sales of Air-Con Air Conditioner Models Shown to Violate Federal Energy Efficiency Appliance Standards DOE Takes Action to Stop the Sales of Air-Con Air Conditioner Models Shown to Violate Federal Energy Efficiency Appliance Standards September 23, 2010 - 12:00am Addthis Washington, DC - The Department of Energy announced today that it has taken action against Air-Con, International, requiring the company to stop selling certain air conditioning systems in the U.S. that have been shown to violate minimum energy efficiency appliance standards. DOE is proposing a civil penalty of more than $230,000 for importing and distributing these inefficient cooling products. This action and the proposed penalties are part of the Department's continued commitment to act aggressively to remove

46

CE990 Graduate Seminar Presentations The presentation materials shown in this file were prepared by graduate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

cord · 10% fabric 4 #12;Thermal ConductivityThermal Conductivity · Low thermal conductivity of 0.242W conventional aggregatesconventional aggregates 5 #12;Thermal ConductivityThermal Conductivity ··Shredded tireCE990 Graduate Seminar Presentations DISCLAIMER The presentation materials shown in this file were

Saskatchewan, University of

47

Several studies have shown that the availability of solar power plants often is  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the utility, solar and research industries. Effective Capacity Metrics Simple metrics can be estimatedSeveral studies have shown that the availability of solar power plants often is high during times conditioning. These peaks are intensi- fied during heat waves, which are fueled by solar gain. Thus

Perez, Richard R.

48

1. INTRODUCTION Polycrystalline CdTe thin films solar cells have shown long  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to the solar panel that can be adapted to any kind of shape and is easy to deploy in space. We have developed1. INTRODUCTION Polycrystalline CdTe thin films solar cells have shown long term stable performance for the solar cell, therefore high specific power (ratio of out- put power to the weight) solar cells

Romeo, Alessandro

49

Value tradeoffs for the Hanford Tank Waste Remediation System (TWRS) program  

SciTech Connect

The Tank Waste Remediation System (TWRS) program at the Hanford Site of the Department of Energy has adopted a logical approach to making decisions that uses decision analysis to structure and analyze decision alternatives and public values to evaluate them. This report is the third in a series to support this effort. The first identified a set of objectives (called {open_quotes}ends objectives{close_quotes}) that characterize the ultimate goals and desires of Hanford decision makers and stakeholders. The second report developed operational measures for these ends objectives (called {open_quotes}ends measures{close_quotes}) and it also developed a set of performance objectives and associated performance measures that are more directly related to how well decision alternatives in the TWRS program perform to achieve the ends objectives. The present report describes the development of quantitative value tradeoffs for both the ends measures and the performance measures. First, five national value experts were interviewed to obtain value tradeoffs for units of the ends measures identified in Keeney and von Winterfeldt (1996). The results of this assessment are shown in Table S1. Second, the implied value tradeoffs for the units of the performance measures were calculated from the value tradeoffs for units of the ends measures provided by the national experts. When calculating the value tradeoffs for the units of the performance measures, very simple quantitative relationships between ends and performance measures were assumed. The results of this calculation are shown in Table S2. The results of this report shown in Tables S1 and S2 should be considered preliminary and largely illustrative of the principles for developing value tradeoffs. The report lists several important caveats and recommendations for how future work can improve on the assessment of value tradeoffs.

Keeney, R.L.; Winterfeldt, D. von [Decision Insights, Inc., Irvine, CA (United States)

1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

40 K, high-resolution measurements with an energy resolution of several meVare required. The larger value of a (0.460.48) strongly  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

40 K, high-resolution measurements with an energy resolution of several meVare required. The larger role in SWNTs. A Methods Sample preparation In photoemission measurements, a relatively large sampling of the SWNTs were several micrometres. The purity of the SWNTsamples was estimated by electron-energy

Niu, Fenglin

51

Comparison of predicted ground-level airborne radionuclide concentrations to measured values resulting from operation of the Los Alamos Meson Physics Facility  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A comparison study of measured and predicted downwind radionuclide concentrations from the Los Alamos Meson Physics Facility (LAMPF) was performed. The radionuclide emissions consist primarily of the radioisotopes "C, 'IN, and 110. The gases...

Hoak, William Vandergrift

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

52

Relation of the Total Nitrogen of the Soil to its Needs as Shown in Pot Experiments.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sanders s ilt ____________ C orn 30.0 29.28.0 1.39 .4170 19081908 SsC orn 8.2G rass 4.6 9.9 1908 D1929 Yazoo clay _____________ C orn 15.3 32.9 1909 DD2822 Sherm an lo am _________ M usta rd 1.5 2.4 19091910 DC orn 37.5 41.0 D A verage _ __________ 14...TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATIONS 564-812-5m BULLETIN NO. 151 AUGUST I912 Relation of the Total Nitrogen of the Soil to its Needs as Shown in Pot Experiments ofG. S. P'RAPS, Chemist. Shwnh????? COLLEGE STATION, BRAZOS C O U N T Y...

Fraps, G. S.

1912-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Measurement  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

localization that limits the present measurements. The knowledge thus gained will have input not only to fusion research, but to may ques- tions of basic plasma physics....

54

Measurement  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

in the Department of Physics & Astronomy. Chapel Hill 2005 Approved: A. E. Champagne, Advisor J. C. Blackmon, Reader C. Iliadis, Reader ABSTRACT Ryan P. Fitzgerald: Measurement of...

55

The performance check between whole building thermal performance criteria and exterior wall measured clear wall R-value, thermal bridging, thermal mass, and airtightness  

SciTech Connect

At the last IEA Annex 32 meeting it was proposed that the annex develop the links between level 1 (the whole building performance) and level 2 (the envelope system). This paper provides a case study of just that type of connection. An exterior wall mockup is hot box tested and modeled in the laboratory. Measurements of the steady state and dynamic behavior of this mockup are used as the basis to define the thermal bridging, thermal mass benefit and air tightness of the whole wall system. These level two performance characteristics are related to the whole building performance. They can be analyzed by a finite difference modeling of the wall assembly. An equivalent wall theory is used to convert three dimensional heat flow to one dimensional terms that capture thermal mass effects, which in turn are used in a common whole building simulation model. This paper illustrates a performance check between the thermal performance of a Massive ICF (Insulating Concrete Form) wall system mocked up (level 2) and Whole Building Performance criteria (level 1) such as total space heating and cooling loads (thermal comfort).

Kosny, J.; Christian, J.E.; Desjarlais, A.O. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States). Buildings Technology Center; Kossecka, E. [Polish Academy of Sciences (Poland); Berrenberg, L. [American Polysteel Forms (United States)

1998-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Energy and value  

SciTech Connect

Energy theories of value are reviewed and a new variant introduced, based on the empirical relationship between price per unit mass and energy requirement per unit mass for a wide range of commodities. It is shown that the demand pattern of households in the United Kingdom and the United States for energy (direct and embodied in goods) would tend to produce a declining ratio of energy to gross domestic product (GDP). However, the tendency of goods with low energy intensity to be associated with low-productivity gains introduces a counteracting effect, and energy/GDP ratios are fairly stable over time. The study of UK and US demand patterns is expanded to cover five additional developed countries, and their similarity is demonstrated once the effect of fuel price and time period of adjustment are taken into account. Finally, the simple relationship connecting energy intensity, fuel price, and time constant of adjustment is used to forecast (retrospectively) the energy use per dollar of GDP in each of the seven countries for the year 1976.

Roberts, P.C.

1981-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Earned Value Management | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers (EERE)

Value Management (EVM) is a systematic approach to the integration and measurement of cost, schedule, and technical (scope) accomplishments on a project or task. It provides both...

58

Quantum Trajectories based on the Weak Value  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The notion of trajectory of an individual particle is strictly inhibited in quantum mechanics because of the uncertainty principle. Nonetheless, the weak value, which has been proposed as a novel and measurable quantity definable to any quantum observable, can offer a possible description of trajectory on account of its statistical nature of the value. In this paper, we explore the physical significance provided by this weak trajectory by considering various situations where interference takes place simultaneously with the observation of particles, that is, in prototypical quantum situations for which no classical treatment is available. These include the double slit experiment and Lloyd's mirror, where in the former case it is argued that the real part of the weak trajectory describes an average over the possible classical trajectories involved in the process, and that the imaginary part is related to the variation of interference. It is shown that this average interpretation of the weak trajectory holds universally under the complex probability defined from the given transition process. These features remain essentially unaltered in the case of Lloyd's mirror where interference occurs with a single slit.

Takuya Mori; Izumi Tsutsui

2014-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

59

Mission Vision Values  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

are defined by the four characteristics listed above Core Values Safety We value safety in everything we do. Together, our actions result in people being safe each day, every...

60

Bhutan National Values Assessment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on the world. This level contains values such as empathy, counselling, community work, and environmental awareness. Level 7: Service The seventh level is attained when making a difference becomes a way of life. It reflects the highest order of internal... cohesion, maturity and/or a search for Journal for Bhutan Studies 104 meaning. The distribution of all values shows where the most energy is concentrated for this group, not just where there is consensus on specific values. A values gap occurs where...

Evans, Steve

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "measured values shown" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Energy and national values  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Energy and national values ... The article also scrutinizes recent technical developments in coal, nuclear energy, and solar energy. ...

MICHAEL HEYLIN

1991-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

62

MAES Project Review Procedures The projects shown on the Project Review list (distributed to Department Heads) will  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Page 1 MAES Project Review Procedures The projects shown on the Project Review list (distributed to the Peer Review Committee o Comply with MAES Project Review Procedures o After the seminar and Project Review and ensure overall compliance with established procedures for MAES Project Reviews Internal

Maxwell, Bruce D.

63

Physics Tutoring List Names shown are either graduate students or Physics majors charging fees for their tutoring services. These  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

6/5/2014 Physics Tutoring List Names shown are either graduate students or Physics majors charging fees for their tutoring services. These persons are not sponsored by UCLA or the Physics & Astronomy Department. Tutor Name Phone E-mail Subject(s) Bauer, David 419.460.1267 dbauer88@gmail.com Physics

Durian, Douglas

64

An increasing number of synthetic compounds have been shown to facilitate ion and polar molecule transport across  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

transport of ions and polar molecules across biological membranes is essential for normal cell function synthetic transporters shown to be active in both model bilayers and cellular membranes. Mechanism of ion simulations of unassisted Na+ and Cl­ ion transport across a bilayer membrane. As the ion enters the outer

Smith, Bradley D.

65

A close-up of the Sun (shown in ultraviolet light) reveals a mottled surface, bright flares,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

#12;#12;A close-up of the Sun (shown in ultraviolet light) reveals a mottled surface, bright flares, and tongues of hot gas leaping into space. Though they look like burns in the face of the Sun, sunspots circle in the center of the photo--allows scientists to see the solar wind streaming away from the Sun

Christian, Eric

66

Property Values | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Property Values Property Values Jump to: navigation, search Maple Ridge Wind Farm. Photo from Iberdrola Renewables, NREL 15240 Researchers at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory have performed empirical investigations to address typical community concerns about wind energy and property values. Based on the data sample and analysis, "no evidence is found that home prices surrounding wind facilities are consistently, measurably, and significantly affected by either the view of wind facilities or the distance of the home to those facilities. Although the analysis cannot dismiss the possibility that individual homes or small numbers of homes have been or could be negatively impacted, it finds that if these impacts exist, they are either too small and/or too infrequent to

67

High coking value pitch  

SciTech Connect

A high coking value pitch prepared from coal tar distillate and has a low softening point and a high carbon value while containing substantially no quinoline insolubles is disclosed. The pitch can be used as an impregnant or binder for producing carbon and graphite articles.

Miller, Douglas J.; Chang, Ching-Feng; Lewis, Irwin C.; Lewis, Richard T.

2014-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

68

STATISTICS 7 -REVIEW FOR FIRST EXAM (CHAPTERS 1 TO 6) Examples that illustrate each item are shown in red  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

they are useful (or not), F8d, M18, H3.18a, H3.24, H3.98 13. The two purposes for which regression is used percentages marked, H2.96, F4a 7. A standardized score, given a value, mean and standard deviation, H2.130, F4

Utts, Jessica

69

VALUE ENGINEERING.PDF  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

6 6 I N S P E C T I O N R E P O R T U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL OFFICE OF INSPECTIONS FOLLOW-ON INSPECTION OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY'S VALUE ENGINEERING PROGRAM DECEMBER 2001 U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Washington, DC 20585 December 20, 2001 MEMORANDUM FOR THE SECRETARY FROM: Gregory H. Friedman /s/ Inspector General SUBJECT: INFORMATION: Report on "Follow-on Inspection of the Department of Energy's Value Engineering Program" BACKGROUND Value Engineering is a recognized management tool which, if properly implemented and executed, can streamline operations, improve quality, and reduce costs. Through the use of methodologies such as Value Engineering, Federal agencies are realizing an average of more than $20 in savings/costs avoidance for each dollar spent on performing the value effort.

70

The Place Value Game  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Place Value Game Place Value Game Welcome to the Place Value Game! The goal of the Place Value Game is to create the largest possible number from the digits the computer gives you. Unfortunately, the computer will give you each digit one at a time and you won't know what the next number will be. You are not allowed to rearrange any of the digits you have already placed, so think carefully before you lock a number in place! Good luck! You are allowed to select the: Number of Digits - The number of digits in the number you are building. Largest Digit - The largest number the computer is allowed to pick. (9 means that the computer can pick any number from 0 to 9) Number of Discards - The number of extra spaces you get. (2 means that you are allowed to throw away 2 numbers) A JavaScript enabled web browser (Netscape Navigator 4 or Internet Explorer

71

Hanford Advisory Board Values  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Values Adopted: November 2, 2012 1 Since its founding in 1994, the Hanford Advisory Board (Board) has issued more than 260 pieces of consensus advice on a myriad of topics related...

72

Value of Information References  

SciTech Connect

This file contains a list of relevant references on value of information (VOI) in RIS format. VOI provides a quantitative analysis to evaluate the outcome of the combined technologies (seismology, hydrology, geodesy) used to monitor Brady's Geothermal Field.

Morency, Christina

2014-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

73

Value of Information References  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

This file contains a list of relevant references on value of information (VOI) in RIS format. VOI provides a quantitative analysis to evaluate the outcome of the combined technologies (seismology, hydrology, geodesy) used to monitor Brady's Geothermal Field.

Morency, Christina

74

Theories of Biodiversity Value  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The discussion of the calculus of biodiversity values in Chap. 5 is the final requisite prop for the stage across which this chapter parades accounts of how biodiversity is supposed to be valuable. The selecti...

Donald S. Maier

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Earned Value Management | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Earned Value Earned Value Management Earned Value Management Earned Value Management (EVM) is a systematic approach to the integration and measurement of cost, schedule, and technical (scope) accomplishments on a project or task. It provides both the government and contractors the ability to examine detailed schedule information, critical program and technical milestones, and cost data. EVMS Surveillance Standard Operating Procedure (ESSOP) - Nov 2013 (pdf) EV Guideline Assessment Templates - (MS Word) DOE EVMS Cross Reference Checklist - (pdf) DOE EVMS Risk Assessment Matrix - (MS Word) Formulas and Terminology "Gold Card" - Sep 2011 (pdf) APM Road Show Presentation Slides: Earned Value (EV) Analysis and Project Assessment & Reporting System (PARS II) DOE EVM Guidance

76

Risk analysis using FMEA: Fuzzy similarity value and possibility theory based approach  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Fuzzy numerical technique for FMEA has been proposed to deal with the drawbacks of crisp FMEA and fuzzy rule based FMEA approaches. Fuzzy numerical approaches based on de-fuzzification also suffer from the drawback of providing arbitrary priority ranks of failure modes even when their membership functions overlap. To overcome this drawback we developed a new methodology integrating the concepts of similarity value measure of fuzzy numbers and possibility theory. Similarity value measure has been applied to group together failure modes having similar amount of risk value. The possibility theory has been used for checking for conformance guidelines. Two case studies have been shown to demonstrate the methodology thus developed. The proposed methodology is more robust in nature as it does not require arbitrary precise operations like de-fuzzification to prioritise the failure modes. Application of possibility theory is new to the domain of risk analysing using FMEA.

Saptarshi Mandal; J. Maiti

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Weak Values as Context Dependent Values of Observables and Born's Rule  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We characterize a value of an observable by a `sum rule' for generally non-commuting observables and a `product rule' when restricted to a maximal commuting subalgebra of observables together with the requirement that the value is unity for the projection operator of the prepared state and the values are zero for the projection operators of the states which are orthogonal to the prepared state. The crucial requirement is that the expectation value and the variance of an observable should be independent of the way of measurement, i.e., the choice of the maximal commuting subalgebra of observables. We shall call the value a {\\it `contextual value'}. We show that the contextual value of an observable coincides with the weak value advocated by Aharonov and his colleagues by demanding the consistency of quantum mechanics with Kolmogorov's measure theory of probability. This also gives a derivation of Born's rule, which is one of the axioms of conventional quantum mechanics.

Akio Hosoya; Minoru Koga

2011-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

78

Value Study Desk Manual  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

PREPARED FOR: DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Office of Contractor Human Resources Policy Division September 26, 2012 UPDATE VALUE STUDY DESK MANUAL Prepared for: DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY By: BUCK CONSULTANTS Under DE-AC01-96AD38107 Update Prepared for: DOE By: AON CONSULTING, INC. Under Delivery Order DE-BP01-08MA345678, Contract No. DE-AB01-08-ME11881 September 28, 2008 Update Prepared for: DOE By: Aon Hewitt Inc. Under Delivery Order DE-BP01-08MA345678, Contract No. DE-AB01-08-ME11881 September 26, 2012 Contents PART I Overview of Value Study Illustrative Flow Charts ..................................................................................... 1

79

Value of Information spreadsheet  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

This spreadsheet represents the information posteriors derived from synthetic data of magnetotellurics (MT). These were used to calculate value of information of MT for geothermal exploration. Information posteriors describe how well MT was able to locate the "throat" of clay caps, which are indicative of hidden geothermal resources. This data is full explained in the peer-reviewed publication: Trainor-Guitton, W., Hoversten, G. M., Ramirez, A., Roberts, J., Júlíusson, E., Key, K., Mellors, R. (Sept-Oct. 2014) The value of spatial information for determining well placement: a geothermal example, Geophysics.

Trainor-Guitton, Whitney

80

Value of Information spreadsheet  

SciTech Connect

This spreadsheet represents the information posteriors derived from synthetic data of magnetotellurics (MT). These were used to calculate value of information of MT for geothermal exploration. Information posteriors describe how well MT was able to locate the "throat" of clay caps, which are indicative of hidden geothermal resources. This data is full explained in the peer-reviewed publication: Trainor-Guitton, W., Hoversten, G. M., Ramirez, A., Roberts, J., Júlíusson, E., Key, K., Mellors, R. (Sept-Oct. 2014) The value of spatial information for determining well placement: a geothermal example, Geophysics.

Trainor-Guitton, Whitney

2014-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "measured values shown" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Science and Human Values  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... THE three essays on "Science and Human A Values" which Dr. J. Bronowski has contributed to recent issues ... Dr. Bronowski discusses the sense of human dignity and challenges widely held views of what science is and does. These views are highly relevant to the current task of developing- ...

1957-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

82

Economic Value of Agricultural  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Economic Value of Agricultural Research Public Investment in Texas Agricultural Research Yields Significant Economic Returns #12;Texas agricultural producers and especially consumers benefit directly from in the Department of Agricultural Economics at Texas A&M University conducted analyses using an agriculture

83

Singular Value Decomposition Generalized  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Overview The singular value decomposition (SVD) is a generalization of the eigen- ferent eigenvalues are pairwise orthogonal. Let X be a positive semi-definite, its eigen containing the eigenvalues of X. The SVD uses the eigen-decomposition of a positive semi-definite matrix

Abdi, Hervé

84

PV Value | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

PV Value PV Value PV Value is a web-based tool that calculates the energy production value for a residential or commercial photovoltaic (PV) system. The tool is Uniform Standards...

85

R-value Calculator  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Advanced Wall Systems Advanced Wall Systems ORNL Home ASTM Testing BEP Home Related Sites Work With Us Advanced Wall Systems Home Interactive Calculators New Whole Wall R-value Calculators As A Part Of The ORNL Material Database For Whole Building Energy Simulations These calculators are replacing the old Whole Wall Thermal Performance calculator. These new versions of the calculator contain many new features and are part of the newly developed Interactive Envelope Materials Database for Whole-Building Energy Simulation Programs. The simple version of the Whole Wall R-value calculator is now available for use. This calculator is similar to the previous Whole Wall Thermal Performance calculator and does not require any downloads from the user. However, it was updated to allow calculations for fourteen wall details

86

Phenomenology of the CAH+ measure  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The CAH+ measure regulates the infinite spacetime volume of the multiverse by constructing a surface of constant comoving apparent horizon (CAH) and then removing the future lightcones of all points on that surface (the latter prescription is referred to by the "+" in the name of the measure). This measure was motivated by the conjectured duality between the bulk of the multiverse and its future infinity and by the causality condition, requiring that the cutoff surfaces of the measure should be spacelike or null. Here we investigate the phenomenology of the CAH+ measure and find that it does not suffer from any known pathologies. The distribution for the cosmological constant Lambda derived from this measure is in a good agreement with the observed value, and the distribution for the number of inflationary e-foldings satisfies the observational constraint. The CAH+ measure does not exhibit any "runaway" behaviors at zero or negative values of Lambda, which have been recently shown to afflict a number of other measures.

Michael P. Salem; Alexander Vilenkin

2011-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

87

American Exceptionalism: Public Opinion on Liberty as a Core American Value.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? The core American values of liberty, egalitarianism, and individualism have been shown to be in constant tension with one another. This project sought to… (more)

Jenks, Catherine Adcock

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Producibility in hierarchical self-assembly Three results are shown on producibility in the hierarchical model of tile self-assembly.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Producibility in hierarchical self-assembly David Doty Abstract Three results are shown on producibility in the hierarchical model of tile self-assembly. It is shown that a simple greedy polynomial, an assembly is considered terminal if nothing can attach to it; viewing self-assembly as a computation

Doty, David

89

Modernization and Tradition in an Age of Globalization: Cultural Values in Chinese Television Commercials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Commercials (N = 496) shown on three Chinese TV stations in the summer of 2000 were analyzed to uncover the dominant value themes in the commercials. Thirteen value themes were identified as applicable in the current sample. ...

Zhang, Yan Bing; Harwood, Jake

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

POLICY PERSPECTIVE High Conservation Value or high confusion value? Sustainable  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and biodiversity conservation in the tropics David P. Edwards1 , Brendan Fisher1 , & David S. Wilcove2 1 WoodrowPOLICY PERSPECTIVE High Conservation Value or high confusion value? Sustainable agriculture certifies timber that is harvested to manage and maintain forests defined as having High Conservation Value

Vermont, University of

91

Sandia National Laboratories: PV Value®  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and PV industry sales staff. For appraisers, the inputs specific to PV in the Residential Green and Energy Efficient Addendum can be used as inputs to PV Value. Valuing a PV...

92

Capacity Value of Solar Power  

SciTech Connect

Evaluating the capacity value of renewable energy sources can pose significant challenges due to their variable and uncertain nature. In this paper the capacity value of solar power is investigated. Solar capacity value metrics and their associated calculation methodologies are reviewed and several solar capacity studies are summarized. The differences between wind and solar power are examined, the economic importance of solar capacity value is discussed and other assessments and recommendations are presented.

Duignan, Roisin; Dent, Chris; Mills, Andrew; Samaan, Nader A.; Milligan, Michael; Keane, Andrew; O'Malley, Mark

2012-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

93

Cultural Values of Trees, Woods  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

research into the importance of the cultural values of trees, woods and forests for sustainable forest managers have to take account of cultural values as one of the central themes of Sustainable Forest and taking them into account as part of the processes of planning and decisionmaking. Cultural values

94

The Tourism Global Value Chain  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Tourism Global Value Chain ECONOMIC UPGRADING AND WORKFORCE DEVELOPMENT Michelle Christian 2011 CENTER on GLOBALIZATION, GOVERNANCE & COMPETITIVENESS #12;The Tourism Global Value Chain: Economic: November 17, 2011 #12;The Tourism Global Value Chain: Economic Upgrading and Workforce Development i Table

Richardson, David

95

Density measurements Viscosity measurements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Density measurements Viscosity measurements Temperature measurements Pressure measurements Flow rate measurements Velocity measurements Sensors How to measure fluid flow properties ? Am´elie Danlos Ravelet Experimental methods for fluid flows: an introduction #12;Density measurements Viscosity

Ravelet, Florent

96

Earned Value Management System (EVMS)  

Directives, Delegations, and Requirements

This Guide provides approaches for implementing the Earned Value Management System (EVMS) requirements of DOE O 413.3B. Cancels DOE G 413.3-10.

2012-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

97

Environmental uncertainty and social value orientation in resource dilemmas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

research has shown that both environmental uncertainty and social value orientation (cooperators vs. noncooperators) will affect harvest sizes from a common resource pool. However, these two variables have not been simultaneously explored.... In the present experiment, 172 subjects harvested units from a common resource pool over 20 twenty trials. It was predicted that noncooperators would harvest more than cooperators (Hypothesis 1), an interaction between social value orientation and uncertainty...

Roch, Sylvia Gabriele

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Creating Value Wood Products Industry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and an information dissemination plan. The program areas are Industrial Process Improvement, Environmental Assessment1 Creating Value for the Wood Products Industry Creating Value for the Wood Products Industry Louisiana Forest Products Development Center #12;2 Louisiana is blessed with quality timberland

99

Consistent set of nuclear parameters values for absolute INAA  

SciTech Connect

Gamma spectral analysis of irradiated material can be used to determine absolute disintegration rates for specific radionuclides. These data, together with measured values for the thermal and epithermal neutron fluxes, and irradiation, cooling and counting time values, are all the experimental information required to do absolute Instrumental Neutron Activation Analysis. The calculations required to go from product photon emission rate to target nuclide amount depend upon values used for the thermal neutron capture cross-section, the resonance absorption integral, the half-life and photon branching ratios. Values for these parameters were determined by irradiating and analyzing a series of elemental standards. The results of these measurements were combined with values reported by other workers to arrive at a set of recommended values for the constants. Values for 114 nuclides are listed.

Heft, R.E.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Analysis of value creation and value capture in microfluidics market .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Advances in microfluidics in the last two decade have created a tremendous technological value which is shaping genomics; drug discovery; proteomics; and point-of-care diagnostics. The… (more)

Yadav, Shailendra

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "measured values shown" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Minor in Psychology The minor in Psychology requires 18 hours of Psychology coursework as shown below. At least 6 hours of the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Minor in Psychology The minor in Psychology requires 18 hours of Psychology coursework as shown on this minor check sheet may be counted toward the Psychology minor. Research Methods/Critical Thinking Skills 1 PSYC Course - 3 hours Term Grade Hrs Qpts General Psychology Lecture (PSYC 1101) with a C

Raja, Anita

102

Employment in Quebec's forest industry has shown considerable variation during the last few decades. Different factors have been suggested to explain the latest crisis in  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Employment in Quebec's forest industry has shown considerable variation during the last few decades productivity of Quebec mills and processing facilities, and increasing foreign competition. Over the past forty years, crises in Quebec's forest industry have mostly been related to variations in oil price

Asselin, Hugo

103

respectively. In media with glucose (GAL1 promoter inactive), both soluble and bound boron concentrations were similar between yeast lines (data not shown).  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

concentrations were similar between yeast lines (data not shown). Analysis of boron concentration Determination and boron translocation in sunflower using the stable isotopes 10 B and 11 B. Aust. J. Plant Physiol. 27respectively. In media with glucose (GAL1 promoter inactive), both soluble and bound boron

Czárán, Tamás

104

A quick tour through PREKIN (shown for the PC) Double clicking on the PREKIN icon will open the following dialog box.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A quick tour through PREKIN (shown for the PC) Double clicking on the PREKIN icon will open the file name. Many programs use PDB files, so they may have a variety of icons. Here I have selected 1CF3 started this session by dragging the icon for your PDB file onto the PREKIN icon, you will bypass both

Richardson, David

105

Installing JBuilder 4 Foundation from the Student CD-ROM 1. Open the My Computer icon on the Window, as shown in  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Installing JBuilder 4 Foundation from the Student CD-ROM 1. Open the My Computer icon on the Window, as shown in Figure 1. 2. Right-click the CD-ROM icon (labeled JAVAWJB4) and choose Open to display the CD-ROM

Liang, Y. Daniel

106

Occupants are in italics to distinguish them from building names; they are shown against the building housing their main reception. Highlighted buildings are those pictured overleaf.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Occupants are in italics to distinguish them from building names; they are shown against the building housing their main reception. Highlighted buildings are those pictured overleaf. If you have a question or comment about the accessibility of the buildings or grounds at the University of Leeds, email

Haase, Markus

107

Density of the Values Set of the Tau Function  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is shown that the density of the values set {Tau(n): n > x/log x. The currently known density is #{Tau(n) : n > x^(1/2+o(1)), and the expected density is #{Tau(n) : n 2, which arises as a singular case of this analysis, is discussed within.

N. A. Carella

2014-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

108

Core Values | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Core Values Core Values Core Values People - People are our most important resource. We respect and use our experience and skills and appreciate our diversity. Business Excellence - We are fiscally responsible and actively pursue best business practices. Safety - We protect our human and material resources and promote safe work practices within the office and at our sites. Communication - We take full advantage of our virtual organization's strengths and share information freely across all levels of the organization. Leadership and Teamwork - We encourage leadership and teamwork at all levels of the organization. We value active participation and demonstrate respect for each other. Customer Service - We openly communicate with all our customers in a timely manner and actively seek opportunities to improve our services.

109

Earned Value Management System (EVMS)  

Directives, Delegations, and Requirements

The Guide supports the Departments initiatives to improve program, project, and contract management through the implementation and surveillance of contractors earned value management systems. Canceled by DOE G 413.3-10A.

2008-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

110

Temporal Databases with Null Values  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper we present a temporal data model capable of representing null values in valid time based on first normal form (1NF) and temporal intervals. As opposed to previous temporal data models, we store t...

Mansik Park; 1]Hans-Hermann Leinen

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Review Problems 2-72 The deflection of the spring of the two-piston cylinder with a spring shown in the figure is to be  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2-31 Review Problems 2-72 The deflection of the spring of the two-piston cylinder with a spring shown in the figure is to be determined. Analysis Summing the forces acting on the pistonN/m, the pressures in kPa (i.e., kN/m2 ) and the diameters in m units. 2-73 The pressure in chamber 1 of the two-piston

Bahrami, Majid

112

Extreme Value Theory and the Solar Cycle  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate the statistical properties of the extreme events of the solar cycle as measured by the sunspot number. The recent advances in the methodology of the theory of extreme values is applied to the maximal extremes of the time series of sunspots. We focus on the extreme events that exceed a carefully chosen threshold and a generalized Pareto distribution is fitted to the tail of the empirical cumulative distribution. A maximum likelihood method is used to estimate the parameters of the generalized Pareto distribution and confidence levels are also given to the parameters. Due to the lack of an automatic procedure for selecting the threshold, we analyze the sensitivity of the fitted generalized Pareto distribution to the exact value of the threshold. According to the available data, that only spans the previous ~250 years, the cumulative distribution of the time series is bounded, yielding an upper limit of 324 for the sunspot number. We also estimate that the return value for each solar cycle is ~188, while the return value for a century increases to ~228. Finally, the results also indicate that the most probable return time for a large event like the maximum at solar cycle 19 happens once every ~700 years and that the probability of finding such a large event with a frequency smaller than ~50 years is very small. In spite of the essentially extrapolative character of these results, their statistical significance is very large.

A. Asensio Ramos

2007-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

113

The Rebate Value Process with Some Applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

)+Z?dNu ) , (1.3) where c ? 0 is a constant, IT (u) = 1{T?u} is the maturity indicator, Nu = 1{??u} is the default indicator, and Z? ? G? is a non-negative random variable. Let Xt be the value at time t of the contract entitling the holder to {Cu}u?t . We assume... that the price Xt under the risk-neutral measure P is given by Xt = 1 Dt E {ˆ [t,T ] DudCu ? ? ? ? ? Gt } , (1.4) and that E |Xt |< ?, (1.5) for all t ? 0. By (1.4), we adopt the convention that the price of an asset at t includes the value of any cash-flow at t...

Welch, Nathan M.

2013-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

114

THE CHANGING VALUES OF SCIENCE  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...human beings, who refuse to be treated as though they were robots working under purely mechanical forces. Is it the case that...in the background of my thinking as I have en-deavored to paint the picture of the values of science as they appear to me in...

R. C. WALLACE

1938-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

115

Earned Value Management System RM  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Earned Value Management System Review Module Earned Value Management System Review Module March 2010 CD-0 O Ea 0 OFFICE OF arned Va C CD-1 F ENVIRO Standard R alue Man Rev Critical Decis CD-2 M ONMENTAL Review Plan agement view Module sion (CD) Ap CD March 2010 L MANAGE n (SRP) t System e pplicability D-3 EMENT (EVMS) CD-4 Post Ope eration Standard Review Plan, 2 nd Edition, March 2010 i FOREWORD The Standard Review Plan (SRP) 1 provides a consistent, predictable corporate review framework to ensure that issues and risks that could challenge the success of Office of Environmental Management (EM) projects are identified early and addressed proactively. The internal EM project review process encompasses key milestones established by DOE O 413.3A, Change 1, Program and Project Management for the Acquisition of Capital Assets, DOE-STD-1189-2008,

116

Process for recovering actinide values  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process for rendering actinide values recoverable from sodium carbonate scrub waste solutions containing these and other values along with organic compounds resulting from the radiolytic and hydrolytic degradation of neutral organophosphorous extractants such as tri-n butyl phosphate (TBP) and dihexyl-N,N-diethyl carbamylmethylene phosphonate (DHDECAMP) which have been used in the reprocessing of irradiated nuclear reactor fuels. The scrub waste solution is preferably made acidic with mineral acid, to form a feed solution which is then contacted with a water-immiscible, highly polar organic extractant which selectively extracts the degradation products from the feed solution. The feed solution can then be processed to recover the actinides for storage or recycled back into the high-level waste process stream. The extractant is recycled after stripping the degradation products with a neutral sodium carbonate solution.

Horwitz, E. Philip (Elmhurst, IL); Mason, George W. (Clarendon Hills, IL)

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Measurement-Measurement-  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Internet Measurement- System A Measurement- System B Control System GPS Satellite GPS Satellite GPS Receiver GPS Receiver 2) measurement 3) data1) command Methodology for One-way IP Performance Measurement This paper proposes a methodology for measurement of one-way IP performance metrics such as one-way delay

Jeong, Jaehoon "Paul"

118

Q value of the 100Mo Double-Beta Decay  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Penning trap measurements using mixed beams of 100Mo - 100Ru and 76Ge - 76Se have been utilized to determine the double-beta decay Q-values of 100Mo and 76Ge with uncertainties less than 200 eV. The value for 76Ge, 2039.04(16) keV is in agreement with the published SMILETRAP value. The new value for 100Mo, 3034.40(17) keV is 30 times more precise than the previous literature value, sufficient for the ongoing neutrinoless double-beta decay searches in 100Mo. Moreover, the precise Q-value is used to calculate the phase-space integrals and the experimental nuclear matrix element of double-beta decay.

S. Rahaman; V. -V. Elomaa; T. Eronen; J. Hakala; A. Jokinen; J. Julin; A. Kankainen; A. Saastamoinen; J. Suhonen; C. Weber; J. Äystö

2007-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

119

Beyond “Asian Values”: Rethinking Rights  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, at 107-123. See also Li-Ann Thio, Implementing Human Rights in ASEAN Countries: ‘Promises to keep and miles to go before I sleep, 2 Yale Hum. Rts. and Dev. L. J. 1, 13-22 (1999) 22 Thio, id., at 22. 23 Michael Davis, Constitutionalism and Political... of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) states in the 1993 ASEAN Bangkok Declaration. The debates on “Asian values” at this stage were heavily politicised and polemic, with “Western” universalists and “Asian” cultural relativists having diametrically polarised...

Tew, Yvonne

120

Shale Oil Value Enhancement Research  

SciTech Connect

Raw kerogen oil is rich in heteroatom-containing compounds. Heteroatoms, N, S & O, are undesirable as components of a refinery feedstock, but are the basis for product value in agrochemicals, pharmaceuticals, surfactants, solvents, polymers, and a host of industrial materials. An economically viable, technologically feasible process scheme was developed in this research that promises to enhance the economics of oil shale development, both in the US and elsewhere in the world, in particular Estonia. Products will compete in existing markets for products now manufactured by costly synthesis routes. A premium petroleum refinery feedstock is also produced. The technology is now ready for pilot plant engineering studies and is likely to play an important role in developing a US oil shale industry.

James W. Bunger

2006-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "measured values shown" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Activity Based Performance Measurement  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

performance Potential applications · Measuring value created by new technology...or any intervention) · 2 sites recently launched (SMEs, KM) #12;RFID findings #12;© MIT Sloan School of Management 8 RFID

Brock, David

122

Orifice flow measurement uncertainty  

SciTech Connect

A computer program is now available from Union Carbide that evaluates the total flow uncertainty of orifice flowmeter systems. Tolerance values for every component in the system and the sensitivity of the measured flowrate to each component can be established using historical data and published hardware specifications. Knowing the tolerance and sensitivity values, a total measurement uncertainty can be estimated with a 95% confidence level. This computer program provides a powerful design tool to ensure correct component matching and total metering system optimization.

Samples, C.R.

1984-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Consumer value creation in mobile banking services  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The paper presents findings of the study that explored consumer value creation in various mobile banking services. New electronic channels are replacing the more traditional ones. Mobile devices represent the recent development in electronic service ... Keywords: banking services, consumer value creation, customer value creation, electronic banking, m-services, marketing strategies, mobile banking, mobile communications, mobile phones, mobile services, perceived value

Tommi Laukkanen; Jari Lauronen

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Information content of polarization measurements  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Information entropy is applied to the state of knowledge of reaction amplitudes in pseudoscalar meson photoproduction, and a scheme is developed that quantifies the information content of a measured set of polarization observables. It is shown that this definition of information is a more practical measure of the quality of a set of measured observables than whether the combination is a mathematically complete set. It is also shown that, when experimental uncertainty is introduced, complete sets of measurements do not necessarily remove ambiguities and that experiments should strive to measure as many observables as practical to extract amplitudes.

D. G. Ireland

2010-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

125

Serial Plasma Osteopontin Levels Have Prognostic Value in Metastatic Breast Cancer  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Imaging, Diagnosis, Prognosis Serial Plasma Osteopontin Levels Have Prognostic Value...clinical study measuring serial osteopontin plasma levels in women with metastatic breast...breast cancer were enrolled in the study. Plasma osteopontin was measured using our validated...

Vivien H.C. Bramwell; Gordon S. Doig; Alan B. Tuck; Sylvia M. Wilson; Katia S. Tonkin; Anna Tomiak; Francisco Perera; Theodore A. Vandenberg; Ann F. Chambers

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Investigating habitat value to inform contaminant remediation options: Approach  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Habitat valuation methods are most often developed and used to prioritize candidate lands for conservation. In this study the intent of habitat valuation was to inform the decision-making process for remediation of chemical contaminants on specific lands or surface water bodies. Methods were developed to summarize dimensions of habitat value for six representative aquatic and terrestrial contaminated sites at the East Tennessee Technology Park (ETTP) on the US Department of Energy Oak Ridge Reservation in Oak Ridge, TN, USA. Several general valuation metrics were developed for three broad categories: site use by groups of organisms, site rarity, and use value added from spatial context. Examples of use value metrics are taxa richness, a direct measure of number of species that inhabit an area, complexity of habitat structure, an indirect measure of potential number of species that may use the area, and land use designation, a measure of the length of time that the area will be available for use. Measures of rarity included presence of rare species or communities. Examples of metrics for habitat use value added from spatial context included similarity or complementarity of neighboring habitat patches and presence of habitat corridors. More specific metrics were developed for groups of organisms in contaminated streams, ponds, and terrestrial ecosystems. For each of these metrics, cutoff values for high, medium, and low habitat value were suggested, based on available information on distributions of organisms and landscape features, as well as habitat use information. A companion paper describes the implementation of these habitat valuation metrics and scoring criteria in the remedial investigation for ETTP.

Rebecca A. Efroymson; Mark J. Peterson; Christopher J. Welsh; Daniel L. Druckenbrod; Michael G. Ryon; John G. Smith; William W. Hargrove; Neil R. Giffen; W. Kelly Roy; Harry D. Quarles

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Investigating Habitat Value in Support of Contaminant Remediation Decisions: Approach  

SciTech Connect

Habitat valuation methods are most often developed and used to prioritize candidate lands for conservation. In this study the intent of habitat valuation was to inform the decision-making process for remediation of chemical contaminants on specific lands or surface water bodies. Methods were developed to summarize dimensions of habitat value for six representative aquatic and terrestrial contaminated sites at the East Tennessee Technology Park (ETTP) on the US Department of Energy Oak Ridge Reservation in Oak Ridge, TN, USA. Several general valuation metrics were developed for three broad categories: site use by groups of organisms, site rarity, and use value added from spatial context. Examples of use value metrics are taxa richness, a direct measure of number of species that inhabit an area, complexity of habitat structure, an indirect measure of potential number of species that may use the area, and land use designation, a measure of the length of time that the area will be available for use. Measures of rarity included presence of rare species or communities. Examples of metrics for habitat use value added from spatial context included similarity or complementarity of neighboring habitat patches and presence of habitat corridors. More specific metrics were developed for groups of organisms in contaminated streams, ponds, and terrestrial ecosystems. For each of these metrics, cutoff values for high, medium, and low habitat value were suggested, based on available information on distributions of organisms and landscape features, as well as habitat use information. A companion paper describes the implementation of these habitat valuation metrics and scoring criteria in the remedial investigation for ETTP.

Efroymson, Rebecca Ann [ORNL; Peterson, Mark J [ORNL; Welsh, Christopher John Edward [ORNL; Druckenbrod, Daniel L [ORNL; Ryon, Michael G [ORNL; Smith, John G [ORNL; Hargrove, William Walter [ORNL; Giffen, Neil R [ORNL; Roy, W Kelly [ORNL; Quarles III, Harry Dewitt [ORNL

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

DEVELOPMENT OF VADOSE-ZONE HYDRAULIC PARAMETER VALUES  

SciTech Connect

Several approaches have been developed to establish a relation between the soil-moisture retention curve and readily available soil properties. Those relationships are referred to as pedotransfer functions. Described in this paper are the rationale, approach, and corroboration for use of a nonparametric pedotransfer function for the estimation of soil hydraulic-parameter values at the yucca Mountain area in Nevada for simulations of net infiltration. This approach, shown to be applicable for use at Yucca Mountain, is also applicable for use at the Hanford Site where the underlying data were collected.

ROGERS PM

2008-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

129

A THEORY OF WASTE AND VALUE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Waste and value are ambiguous concepts, making it difficult to visualize where and how they occur in construction. This paper visualizes waste and value in construction at three scales: systemic, synergistic and discrete and from the perspectives...

Fernández-Solis, José; Rybkowski, Zofia K.

2015-02-08T23:59:59.000Z

130

The transatlantic relationship: an alliance of values  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The long-standing close relationship between the democracies of Europe and North America has been based on shared values. However, the central value we share is not democracy in the abstract. Rather, it is the sp...

Brian Lee Crowley

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Measures on Mixing Angles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We address the problem of the apparently very small magnitude of CP violation in the standard model, measured by the Jarlskog invariant J. In order to make statements about probabilities for certain values of J, we seek to find a natural measure on the space of Kobayashi-Maskawa matrices, the double quotient U(1)^2\\SU(3)/U(1)^2. We review several possible, geometrically motivated choices of the measure, and compute expectation values for powers of J for these measures. We find that different choices of the measure generically make the observed magnitude of CP violation appear finely tuned. Since the quark masses and the mixing angles are determined by the same set of Yukawa couplings, we then do a second calculation in which we take the known quark mass hierarchy into account. We construct the simplest measure on the space of 3 x 3 Hermitian matrices which reproduces this known hierarchy. Calculating expectation values for powers of J in this second approach, we find that values of J close to the observed value are now rather likely, and there does not seem to be any fine tuning. Our results suggest that the choice of Kobayashi-Maskawa angles is closely linked to the observed mass hierarchy. We close by discussing the corresponding case of neutrinos.

Gary W. Gibbons; Steffen Gielen; C. N. Pope; Neil Turok

2008-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

132

The Offshore Services Global Value Chain  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Offshore Services Global Value Chain ECONOMIC UPGRADING AND WORKFORCE DEVELOPMENT Karina & COMPETITIVENESS #12;The Offshore Services Global Value Chain: Economic Upgrading and Workforce Development "Skills & Competitiveness, Duke University Posted: November 17, 2011 #12;The Offshore Services Global Value Chain: Economic

Richardson, David

133

Consumer Value Segments in Mobile Bill Paying  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The purpose of the present study was to explore consumer value in mobile banking and in mobile bill paying especially. Today mobile communications technologies offer an opportunity for vast additional value for consumers' banking actions due to their ... Keywords: Consumer, value, banking, mobile banking, mobile communications

Tommi Laukkanen; Teuvo Kantanen

2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Generalized truth values.: A reply to Dubois  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......research-article Original Articles Generalized truth values.A reply to Dubois Heinrich Wansing...Ignorance and Contradiction Considered as Truth-values. Logic Journal of the IGPL...Wansing H. Hypercontradictions, generalized truth values, and logics of truth and falsehood......

Heinrich Wansing; Nuel Belnap

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Singular Value Decomposition (SVD) and Polar Form  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

: E # F and g: F # E are linear maps, then g #f and f #g always have the same non­zero eigen­ valuesChapter 2 Singular Value Decomposition (SVD) and Polar Form 2.1 Polar Form In this chapter, we. SINGULAR VALUE DECOMPOSITION (SVD) AND POLAR FORM The fact that f # # f and f # f # are self

Gallier, Jean

136

Graphics processing units accelerated semiclassical initial value representation molecular dynamics  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents a Graphics Processing Units (GPUs) implementation of the Semiclassical Initial Value Representation (SC-IVR) propagator for vibrational molecular spectroscopy calculations. The time-averaging formulation of the SC-IVR for power spectrum calculations is employed. Details about the GPU implementation of the semiclassical code are provided. Four molecules with an increasing number of atoms are considered and the GPU-calculated vibrational frequencies perfectly match the benchmark values. The computational time scaling of two GPUs (NVIDIA Tesla C2075 and Kepler K20), respectively, versus two CPUs (Intel Core i5 and Intel Xeon E5-2687W) and the critical issues related to the GPU implementation are discussed. The resulting reduction in computational time and power consumption is significant and semiclassical GPU calculations are shown to be environment friendly.

Tamascelli, Dario; Dambrosio, Francesco Saverio [Dipartimento di Fisica, Università degli Studi di Milano, via Celoria 16, 20133 Milano (Italy)] [Dipartimento di Fisica, Università degli Studi di Milano, via Celoria 16, 20133 Milano (Italy); Conte, Riccardo [Department of Chemistry and Cherry L. Emerson Center for Scientific Computation, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia 30322 (United States)] [Department of Chemistry and Cherry L. Emerson Center for Scientific Computation, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia 30322 (United States); Ceotto, Michele, E-mail: michele.ceotto@unimi.it [Dipartimento di Chimica, Università degli Studi di Milano, via Golgi 19, 20133 Milano (Italy)] [Dipartimento di Chimica, Università degli Studi di Milano, via Golgi 19, 20133 Milano (Italy)

2014-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

137

Ultrasonic differential measurement  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and apparatus for ultrasonic resonance testing of an object is shown and described. Acoustic vibrations are applied to an object at a plurality of frequencies. Measurements of the object's vibrational response are made simultaneously at different locations on said object. The input frequency is stepped by using small frequency changes over a predetermined range. There is a pause interval or ring delay which permits the object to reach a steady state resonance before a measurement is taken.

Rhodes, George W. (Albuquerque, NM); Migliori, Albert (Santa Fe, NM)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Entanglement consumption of instantaneous nonlocal quantum measurements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Relativistic causality has dramatic consequences on the measurability of nonlocal variables and poses the fundamental question of whether it is physically meaningful to speak about the value of nonlocal variables at a particular time. Recent work has shown that by weakening the role of the measurement in preparing eigenstates of the variable it is in fact possible to measure all nonlocal observables instantaneously by exploiting entanglement. However, for these measurement schemes to succeed with certainty an infinite amount of entanglement must be distributed initially and all this entanglement is necessarily consumed. In this work we sharpen the characterisation of instantaneous nonlocal measurements by explicitly devising schemes in which only a finite amount of the initially distributed entanglement is ever utilised. This enables us to determine an upper bound to the average consumption for the most general cases of nonlocal measurements. This includes the tasks of state verification, where the measurement verifies if the system is in a given state, and verification measurements of a general set of eigenstates of an observable. Despite its finiteness the growth of entanglement consumption is found to display an extremely unfavourable exponential of an exponential scaling with either the number of qubits needed to contain the Schmidt rank of the target state or total number of qubits in the system for an operator measurement. This scaling is seen to be a consequence of the combination of the generic exponential scaling of unitary decompositions combined with the highly recursive structure of our scheme required to overcome the no-signalling constraint of relativistic causality.

S. R. Clark; A. J. Connor; D. Jaksch; S. Popescu

2010-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

139

Extreme Value Analysis of Tidal Stream Velocity Perturbations  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents a statistical extreme value analysis of maximum velocity perturbations from the mean flow speed in a tidal stream. This study was performed using tidal velocity data measured using both an Acoustic Doppler Velocimeter (ADV) and an Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler (ADCP) at the same location which allows for direct comparison of predictions. The extreme value analysis implements of a Peak-Over-Threshold method to explore the effect of perturbation length and time scale on the magnitude of a 50-year perturbation.

Harding, Samuel; Thomson, Jim; Polagye, Brian; Richmond, Marshall C.; Durgesh, Vibhav; Bryden, Ian

2011-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

140

Characterizing cluster morphology using vector-valued Minkowski functionals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The morphology of galaxy clusters is quantified using Minkowski functionals, especially the vector-valued ones, which contain directional information and are related to curvature centroids. The asymmetry of clusters and the amount of their substructure can be characterized in a unique way using these measures. -- We briefly introduce vector-valued Minkowski functionals (also known as Querma\\ss vectors) and suggest their application to cluster data in terms of a morphological characterization of excursion sets. Furthermore, we develop robust structure functions which describe the dynamical state of a cluster and study the evolution of clusters using numerical simulations.

Claus Beisbart; Thomas Buchert

1997-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "measured values shown" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Direct tests of measurement uncertainty relations: what it takes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The uncertainty principle being a cornerstone of quantum mechanics, it is surprising that in nearly 90 years there have been no direct tests of measurement uncertainty relations. This lacuna was due to the absence of two essential ingredients: appropriate measures of measurement error (and disturbance), and precise formulations of such relations that are {\\em universally valid}and {\\em directly testable}. We formulate two distinct forms of direct tests, based on different measures of error. We present a prototype protocol for a direct test of measurement uncertainty relations in terms of {\\em value deviation errors} (hitherto considered nonfeasible), highlighting the lack of universality of these relations. This shows that the formulation of universal, directly testable measurement uncertainty relations for {\\em state-dependent} error measures remains an important open problem. Recent experiments that were claimed to constitute invalidations of Heisenberg's error-disturbance relation are shown to conform with the spirit of Heisenberg's principle if interpreted as direct tests of measurement uncertainty relations for error measures that quantify {\\em distances between observables}.

Paul Busch; Neil Stevens

2015-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

142

Cloud Condensation Nuclei Profile Value-Added Product  

SciTech Connect

The cloud condensation nuclei (CCN) concentration at cloud base is the most relevant measure of the aerosol that influences droplet formation in clouds. Since the CCN concentration depends on supersaturation, a more general measure of the CCN concentration is the CCN spectrum (values at multiple supersaturations). The CCN spectrum is now measured at the surface at several fixed ARM sites and by the ARM Mobile Facility (AMF), but is not measured at the cloud base. Rather than rely on expensive aircraft measurements for all studies of aerosol effects on clouds, a way to project CCN measurements at the surface to cloud base is needed. Remote sensing of aerosol extinction provides information about the vertical profile of the aerosol, but cannot be directly related to the CCN concentration because the aerosol extinction is strongly influenced by humidification, particularly near cloud base. Ghan and Collins (2004) and Ghan et al. (2006) propose a method to remove the influence of humidification from the extinction profiles and tie the “dry extinction” retrieval to the surface CCN concentration, thus estimating the CCN profile. This methodology has been implemented as the CCN Profile (CCNPROF) value-added product (VAP).

McFarlane, S; Sivaraman, C; Ghan, S

2012-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

143

ARM - Value-Added Product Status Reports  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Status Reports Status Reports Publications Journal Articles Conference Documents Program Documents Technical Reports Publications Database Public Information Materials Image Library Videos Publication Resources Submit a Publication Publishing Procedures ARM Style Guide (PDF, 448KB) Acronyms Glossary Logos Contacts RSS for Publications Value-Added Product Status Reports ARM Climate Research Facility Quarterly Value-Added Product Report July 1-September 30, 2013 (PDF, 1MB) ARM Climate Research Facility Quarterly Value-Added Product Report April 1-June 30, 2013 (PDF, 1MB) ARM Climate Research Facility Quarterly Value-Added Product Report January 1-March 31, 2013 (PDF, 268KB) ARM Climate Research Facility Quarterly Value-Added Product Report October 1-December 31, 2012 (PDF, 271KB) ARM Climate Research Facility Quarterly Value-Added Product Report

144

Suicide: Value changes and current trends  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Review, Volume 31, August 1966; Martin Gold, "Suicide, Homicide and the Socialization of Aggression," in Devi ant Behavior and Social Process, edited by William A. Rushing, (Chicago: Rand McNally, 1969); Robert Hagedorn and Sanford Labovitz, "Note..., Values, and Sanctions," in Robert E. L. Fan's, editor, Handbook of Modern Sociology, (Chicago: Rand McNally, 1964); Clyde Kluckhohn, "Values and Value Orientations, 1 in Talcott Parsons and Edward A. Shils, editors, Toward A General Theory of Action...

Savells, Jerald; Bowen, Bonnie

1975-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Singular Value Decomposition (SVD) and Polar Form  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

g always have the same non-zero eigen- values! Furthermore, if E = F, then 0 is an eigenvalue for fChapter 2 Singular Value Decomposition (SVD) and Polar Form 2.1 Polar Form In this chapter, we = f(u), f(v) = u, (f f)(v) . Similarly, f f is self-adjoint. 29 #12;30 CHAPTER 2. SINGULAR VALUE

Gallier, Jean

146

Template:DatasetValue | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

the results. (string, example: 'max'). Example Usage DatasetValue |id452 |subjectArgentina |predicatedsprop:provedNaturalGasReserves Retrieved from "http:en.openei.org...

147

Capacity Value of Concentrating Solar Power Plants  

SciTech Connect

This study estimates the capacity value of a concentrating solar power (CSP) plant at a variety of locations within the western United States. This is done by optimizing the operation of the CSP plant and by using the effective load carrying capability (ELCC) metric, which is a standard reliability-based capacity value estimation technique. Although the ELCC metric is the most accurate estimation technique, we show that a simpler capacity-factor-based approximation method can closely estimate the ELCC value. Without storage, the capacity value of CSP plants varies widely depending on the year and solar multiple. The average capacity value of plants evaluated ranged from 45%?90% with a solar multiple range of 1.0-1.5. When introducing thermal energy storage (TES), the capacity value of the CSP plant is more difficult to estimate since one must account for energy in storage. We apply a capacity-factor-based technique under two different market settings: an energy-only market and an energy and capacity market. Our results show that adding TES to a CSP plant can increase its capacity value significantly at all of the locations. Adding a single hour of TES significantly increases the capacity value above the no-TES case, and with four hours of storage or more, the average capacity value at all locations exceeds 90%.

Madaeni, S. H.; Sioshansi, R.; Denholm, P.

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Technological value of coal concentrates for coking  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Options are outlined for calculating the technological value of coal and coal concentrates in the context of contractual obligations and the quality of the coke produced.

E. N. Stepanov; G. V. Larin; A. E. Stepanova; I. V. Semiokhina

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Solar Energy and Capacity Value (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

This is a one-page, two-sided fact sheet on the capacity of solar power to provide value to utilities and power system operators.

Not Available

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Optimization problems with value function objectives  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

max programming problem and the bilevel optimization problem. In this paper, we ... 1. Introduction. An optimization problem with value function objective is a.

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

" Row: NAICS Codes, Value of Shipments...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2 Capability to Switch Natural Gas to Alternative Energy Sources, 2010;" " Level: National and Regional Data;" " Row: NAICS Codes, Value of Shipments and Employment Sizes;" "...

152

" Row: NAICS Codes, Value of Shipments...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

6 Capability to Switch Electricity to Alternative Energy Sources, 2010; " " Level: National and Regional Data;" " Row: NAICS Codes, Value of Shipments and Employment Sizes;" "...

153

ARM Value-Added Cloud Products: Description and Status  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Value-Added Cloud Products: Value-Added Cloud Products: Description and Status M. A. Miller, K. L. Johnson, and D. T. Troyan Brookhaven National Laboratory Upton, New York E. E. Clothiaux Pennsylvania State University University Park, Pennsylvania E. J. Mlawer Atmospheric and Environmental Research, Inc. Cambridge, Massachusetts G. G. Mace University of Utah Salt Lake City, Utah Introduction The Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program operates a variety of state-of-the-art active and passive remote sensors at its sites. These sensors provide information about the thermodynamic state of the atmosphere and the structure of the clouds that are present above the site. Families of value- added products (VAPs) that contain geophysically relevant data are produced from the electronic

154

Investigating habitat value to inform contaminant remediation options: Case study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Habitat valuation methods were implemented to support remedial decisions for aquatic and terrestrial contaminated sites at the East Tennessee Technology Park (ETTP) on the US Department of Energy (DOE) Oak Ridge Reservation in Oak Ridge, TN, USA. The habitat valuation was undertaken for six contaminated sites: Contractor's Spoil Area, K-901-N Disposal Area, K-770 Scrapyard, K-1007-P1 pond, K-901 pond, and the Mitchell Branch stream. Four of these sites are within the industrial use area of ETTP and two are in the Black Oak Ridge Conservation Easement. These sites represent terrestrial and aquatic habitat for vertebrates, terrestrial habitat for plants, and aquatic habitat for benthic invertebrates. Current and potential future, no-action (no remediation) scenarios were evaluated primarily using existing information. Valuation metrics and scoring criteria were developed in a companion paper, this volume. The habitat valuation consists of extensive narratives, as well as scores for aspects of site use value, site rarity, and use value added from spatial context. Metrics for habitat value were expressed with respect to different spatial scales, depending on data availability. There was significant variation in habitat value among the six sites, among measures for different taxa at a single site, between measures of use and rarity at a single site, and among measures for particular taxa at a single site with respect to different spatial scales. Most sites had aspects of low, medium, and high habitat value. Few high scores for current use value were given. These include: wetland plant communities at all aquatic sites, Lepomid sunfish and waterbirds at 1007-P1 pond, and Lepomid sunfish and amphibians at K-901 pond. Aquatic sites create a high-value ecological corridor for waterbirds, and the Contractor's Spoil Area and possibly the K-901-N Disposal Site have areas that are part of a strong terrestrial ecological corridor. The only example of recent observations of rare species at these sites is the gray bat observed at the K-1007-P1 pond. Some aspects of habitat value are expected to improve under no-action scenarios at a few of the sites. Methods are applicable to other contaminated sites where sufficient ecological data are available for the site and region.

Rebecca A. Efroymson; Mark J. Peterson; Neil R. Giffen; Michael G. Ryon; John G. Smith; William W. Hargrove; W. Kelly Roy; Christopher J. Welsh; Daniel L. Druckenbrod; Harry D. Quarles

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

BJC/OR-2268 Investigating Habitat Value  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1.2.1 Previous Habitat Valuations of Land Areas and Water Bodies on the Oak Ridge ReservationBJC/OR-2268 Investigating Habitat Value in Support of Remedial Decisions: A Case Study of Six Sites at the East Tennessee Technology Park #12;BJC/OR-2268 Investigating Habitat Value in Support of Remedial

Hargrove, William W.

156

THE COMPARATIVE VALUE OF BIOLOGICAL CARBON SEQUESTRATION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

THE COMPARATIVE VALUE OF BIOLOGICAL CARBON SEQUESTRATION 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 sequestration and between 1 and 49 percent for forest based carbon sequestration. Value adjustments 18 19 20 21 22 BRUCE A. MCCARL, BRIAN C. MURRAY, AND UWE A. SCHNEIDER Abstract Carbon sequestered via

McCarl, Bruce A.

157

Analysis of historical delta values for IAEA/LANL NDA training courses  

SciTech Connect

The Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) supports the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) by providing training for IAEA inspectors in neutron and gamma-ray Nondestructive Assay (NDA) of nuclear material. Since 1980, all new IAEA inspectors attend this two week course at LANL gaining hands-on experience in the application of NDA techniques, procedures and analysis to measure plutonium and uranium nuclear material standards with well known pedigrees. As part of the course the inspectors conduct an inventory verification exercise. This exercise provides inspectors the opportunity to test their abilities in performing verification measurements using the various NDA techniques. For an inspector, the verification of an item is nominally based on whether the measured assay value agrees with the declared value to within three times the historical delta value. The historical delta value represents the average difference between measured and declared values from previous measurements taken on similar material with the same measurement technology. If the measurement falls outside a limit of three times the historical delta value, the declaration is not verified. This paper uses measurement data from five years of IAEA courses to calculate a historical delta for five non-destructive assay methods: Gamma-ray Enrichment, Gamma-ray Plutonium Isotopics, Passive Neutron Coincidence Counting, Active Neutron Coincidence Counting and the Neutron Coincidence Collar. These historical deltas provide information as to the precision and accuracy of these measurement techniques under realistic conditions.

Geist, William [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Santi, Peter [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Swinhoe, Martyn [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Bonner, Elisa [FORMER N-4 STUDENT

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Measurement uncertainty in the performance verification of indicating measuring instruments  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper is concerned with measurement uncertainty in the performance verification of the metrological characteristics of indicating measuring instruments to specified tolerances, often called maximum permissible errors (MPE). Performance verification differs from other types of calibrations in that the measurement does not necessarily result in an assigned quantity value. When a measurement involves assigning a quantity value, as is typical with the calibration of material measures or inspection of features on commercial workpieces, the measurand is different than in performance verification. The research literature and published standards and practice for measurement uncertainty typically only address the measurement uncertainty associated with assigned quantity values. When these general approaches to measurement uncertainty are applied to performance verification as well, the measurement uncertainty is not properly estimated and therefore incorrect practice is wide spread in the calibration industry. The purpose of this paper is to clarify the measurand in performance verification and to develop an associated general measurement uncertainty model. Examples are presented that highlight some cases where a measurand associated with performance verification results in a very different measurement uncertainty than when the measurand is associated with the assignment of a quantity value. Some issues for future work are also identified, particularly for consideration in the standardization of specifications for indicating measuring instruments.

James G. Salsbury; Edward P. Morse

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Automatic Pole and Q-Value Extraction for RF Structures  

SciTech Connect

The experimental characterization of RF structures like accelerating cavities often demands for measuring resonant frequencies of Eigenmodes and corresponding (loaded) Q-values over a wide spectral range. A common procedure to determine the Q-values is the -3dB method, which works well for isolated poles, but may not be applicable directly in case of multiple poles residing in close proximity (e.g. for adjacent transverse modes differing by polarization). Although alternative methods may be used in such cases, this often comes at the expense of inherent systematic errors. We have developed an automation algorithm, which not only speeds up the measurement time significantly, but is also able to extract Eigenfrequencies and Q-values both for well isolated and overlapping poles. At the same time the measurement accuracy may be improved as a major benefit. To utilize this procedure merely complex scattering parameters have to be recorded for the spectral range of interest. In this paper we present the proposed algorithm applied to experimental data recorded for superconducting higher-order-mode damped multi-cell cavities as an application of high importance.

C. Potratz, H.-W. Glock, U. van Rienen, F. Marhauser

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Measuring Terrorism  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Terrorism will be high on the political agenda for many years to come. Various policies are open to a government fighting terrorism but, in any case, considerable costs are involved. In the competition for political support, the costs and benefits of anti-terrorism policies will be debated. Better information about terrorism and its consequences can improve policy outcome if there is electoral competition. Over the last few years, economic scholars have analysed the effects terrorist acts have on various aspects of the economy. The findings of these impact studies are summarised in this paper. They capture, however, only part of the overall utility losses. Hence, several approaches to value public goods and conceptual issues concerning their application to terrorism are discussed. In particular, the hedonic market approach, the averting behaviour method, the contingent valuation method and vote and popularity functions are reviewed. Further, an exploratory analysis of estimating individuals ’ utility losses using life satisfaction or happiness data is presented. This paper also discusses a substantially different approach combining measurement and decision-making, namely popular referenda.

Bruno S. Frey; Simon Luechinger

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "measured values shown" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Magnetotelluric measurements  

SciTech Connect

The ideas of flux quantization and Josephson tunneling are reviewed, and the operation of the dc SQUID as a magnetometer is described. The SQUID currently used for magnetotellurics has a sensitivity of 10/sup -14/ T Hz/sup -1/2/, a dynamic range at 10/sup 7/ in a 1 Hz bandwidth, a frequency response from 0 to 40 kHz, and a slewing rate of 5 x 10/sup -5/T s/sup -1/. Recent improvements in sensitivity are discussed: SQUIDS are rapidly approaching the limit imposed by the uncertainty principle. The essential ideas of magnetotelluric (MT) measurements are outlined, and it is shown how the remote reference method can lead to major reductions in bias errors compared to more conventional schemes. The field techniques of the Berkeley group are described. The practical application of MT requires that amplitude and phase spectra of apparent resistivities be transformed into a geologically useful distribution of subsurface resistivities. In many areas where MT is being applied today, the technique may not provide the information needed because stations are too few and widely spaced, or because we are unable to interpret data influenced by complex 3-D resistivity features. The results of two surveys, one detailed, the other regional, over the Klamath Basin, Oregon, are examined. The detailed survey is able to resolve small (1 km wide) structural features that are missed or add a component of spatial aliasing to the regional data. On the other hand, the regional survey avoids truncation effects that may occur when the survey undersamples an area.

Clarke, J.; Goldstein, N.E.

1980-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Consumer value creation in mobile banking services  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The paper presents findings of the study that explored consumer value creation in various mobile banking services. New electronic channels are replacing the more traditional ones. Mobile devices represent the recent development in electronic service distribution. An exploratory study was conducted on experienced electronic banking customers by using a qualitative in-depth interviewing method. The findings increase the understanding of customer-perceived value and value creation on the basis of attributes of mobile services and customer-perceived disadvantages of mobile phones in electronic banking context. The findings allow practitioners to improve their services and marketing strategies and pass on information to the academics about interesting future research areas.

Tommi Laukkanen; Jari Lauronen

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Mobile marketing: A literature review on its value for consumers and retailers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The article describes the existing knowledge of how mobile marketing can increase the value for consumers and retailers. Mobile device shopping, and consumers' use of mobile devices while shopping is shown to be both an extension of consumers' shopping behaviours developed on Internet-connected desktop and laptop computers (PC), and potentially new behaviours based on a mobile devices' uniquely integrated features such as camera, scanners and GPS. The article focuses on how mobile marketing creates value for consumers and retailers, enabling more precise research and development of managerial concepts and tools while providing both managers and academics with increased understanding of mobile marketing and its value outcomes for retailers.

Roger Ström; Martin Vendel; John Bredican

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Prediction of Unit Value of Un-Improved Parcels of Harris County, Texas Using LEED Sustainable Sites Criteria of Public Transportation Access  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

zero improvement value. The dependent variable was unit value of the property measured in dollars per square foot. The independent variables were measurements that are required for a parcel to earn LEED sustainable site rating for public transportation...

Joshi, Bhagyashri Bharat

2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

165

A two-axis in-plane motion measurement system based on optical beam deflection  

SciTech Connect

Measurement of in-plane motion with high resolution and large bandwidth enables model-identification and real-time control of motion-stages. This paper presents an optical beam deflection based system for measurement of in-plane motion of both macro- and micro-scale motion stages. A curved reflector is integrated with the motion stage to achieve sensitivity to in-plane translational motion along two axes. Under optimal settings, the measurement system is shown to theoretically achieve sub-angstrom measurement resolution over a bandwidth in excess of 1 kHz and negligible cross-sensitivity to linear motion. Subsequently, the proposed technique is experimentally demonstrated by measuring the in-plane motion of a piezo flexure stage and a scanning probe microcantilever. For the former case, reflective spherical balls of different radii are employed to measure the in-plane motion and the measured sensitivities are shown to agree with theoretical values, on average, to within 8.3%. For the latter case, a prototype polydimethylsiloxane micro-reflector is integrated with the microcantilever. The measured in-plane motion of the microcantilever probe is used to identify nonlinearities and the transient dynamics of the piezo-stage upon which the probe is mounted. These are subsequently compensated by means of feedback control.

Sriramshankar, R.; Mrinalini, R. Sri Muthu; Jayanth, G. R. [Department of Instrumentation and Applied Physics, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560012 (India)] [Department of Instrumentation and Applied Physics, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560012 (India)

2013-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

166

Valuing Energy Efficiency for Utility Rebate Programs  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Valuing Energy Efficiency Valuing Energy Efficiency For Utility Rebate Programs Dr. Valerie V. von Schramm March 1, 2012 Building America Implementation Standing Technical Committee Gap/Barrier Gap/Barrier #3: Value-Stream Map of the Retrofit Process - Core concern - Audience segmentation needs must be better understood - Goal - To improve implementation strategy processes for retrofits Value-Stream Map Segment Addressed: - Public Energy Utility Perspectives/Needs Electric Utility Concerns Fleet Design Drivers * kWh Consumed * Peak Usage * Daily & Seasonal Patterns * Building Stock Impacts Community-Scale Energy Efficiency Modeling  NREL/UTSA/CPS Energy Collaboration  Identify geographically specific least-cost retrofits using BEopt  Inputs: census, income, appraisal district,

167

Communicating pork value to the retailer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Boxed pork was obtained to represent four different purchasing specifications common in the industry to conduct a study on yields, labor requirement, and value and profit assessment. Boxes of bone-in loins (n = 180), boneless loins (n = 94), Boston...

Lorenzen, Carol Lee

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

168

Nonlinear boundary value problem of magnetic insulation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

On the basis of generalization of upper and lower solution method to the singular two point boundary value problems, the existence theorem of solutions for the system, which models a process of magnetic insulation in plasma is proved.

A. V. Sinitsyn

2000-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

169

Value of Demand Response -Introduction Klaus Skytte  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Value of Demand Response - Introduction Klaus Skytte Systems Analysis Department February 7, 2006 Energinet.dk, Ballerup #12;What is Demand Response? Demand response (DR) is the short-term response

170

Value creation through modernizing Chinese medicine  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

My first hypothesis in this thesis is that there is significant value vested in traditional Chinese medicine that can be captured by converting them into ethical drugs through scientific analysis, screening and validation. ...

Sun, Lizhe

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

NUTRITIVE VALUE OF POLLOCK FISH SCALES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

indicated that pollock fish scale protein is as well digested but about 30 percent less assimilated than for growth, the biological values for maintenance, and the digestibilities of pollock fish scale possibilities of wool, an

172

Technological value of coal used for coking  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The technological value of coal used for coking is analyzed, with particular attention to clinkering coal, the coke group, and lean additives, as well as G and GZhO coal. A relation is established between the tec...

A. S. Stankevich; V. S. Stankevich

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

MFR PAPER 1071 Valued for meat and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

F isheries Service, NOAA, Honolulu, HI 96812. have an ex-vessel value in Koror, Palau Islands Reef (Fig. I). a mall atoll to the south-southwest of th e Palau Islands in the Palau Oi tnct. W estern

174

Chapter 48 - Value Engineering | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers (EERE)

ValueEngineering0.pdf More Documents & Publications Audit Report: OAS-L-07-08 Emerging Lighting Technology Microsoft PowerPoint - 12 Holman White PM Conference 2010 Rev 2 revised...

175

Adding more value to natural gas  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Adding more value to natural gas ... Calif, has developed a catalyst that could convert natural gas. ... Natural gas is abundant in many countries but not used widely as a feedstock because transporting it is very expensive. ...

MAUREEN ROUBI

1998-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

176

Operator valued Hardy spaces and related subjects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

OPERATOR VALUED HARDY SPACES AND RELATED SUBJECTS A Dissertation by TAO MEI Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY August 2006 Major... by: Chair of Committee, Gilles Pisier Committee Members, William Johnson Roger Smith Daren Cline Head of Department, Al Boggess August 2006 Major Subject: Mathematics iii ABSTRACT Operator Valued Hardy Spaces and Related Subjects. (August 2006) Tao...

Mei, Tao

2006-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

177

Optimization of the transmission of observable expectation values and observable statistics in Continuous Variable Teleportation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We analyze the statistics of observables in continuous variable quantum teleportation in the formalism of the characteristic function. We derive expressions for average values of output state observables in particular cumulants which are additive in terms of the input state and the resource of teleportation. Working with Squeezed Bell-like states, which may be optimized in a free parameter for better teleportation performance we discuss the relation between resources optimal for fidelity and for different observable averages. We obtain the values of the free parameter which optimize the central momenta and cumulants up to fourth order. For the cumulants the distortion between in and out states due to teleportation depends only on the resource. We obtain optimal parameters for the second and fourth order cumulants which do not depend on the squeezing of the resource. The second order central momenta which is equal to the second order cumulants and the photon number average are optimized by the same resource. We show that the optimal fidelity resource, found in reference (Phys. Rev. A {\\bf 76}, 022301 (2007)) to depend also on the characteristics of input, tends for high squeezing to the resource which optimizes the second order momenta. A similar behavior is obtained for the resource which optimizes the photon statistics which is treated here using the sum of the squared differences in photon probabilities of input and output states as the distortion measure. This is interpreted to mean that the distortions associated to second order momenta dominates the behavior of the output state for large squeezing of the resource. Optimal fidelity and optimal photon statistics resources are compared and is shown that for mixtures of Fock states they are equivalent.

L. Albano Farias; J. Stephany

2010-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

178

The land value impacts of wetland restoration  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract U.S. regulations require offsets for aquatic ecosystems damaged during land development, often through restoration of alternative resources. What effect does large-scale wetland and stream restoration have on surrounding land values? Restoration effects on real estate values have substantial implications for protecting resources, increasing tax base, and improving environmental policies. Our analysis focuses on the three-county Raleigh–Durham–Chapel Hill, North Carolina region, which has experienced rapid development and extensive aquatic ecological restoration (through the state's Ecosystem Enhancement Program [EEP]). Since restoration sites are not randomly distributed across space, we used a genetic algorithm to match parcels near restoration sites with comparable control parcels. Similar to propensity score analysis, this technique facilitates statistical comparison and isolates the effects of restoration sites on surrounding real estate values. Compared to parcels not proximate to any aquatic resources, we find that, 1) natural aquatic systems steadily and significantly increase parcel values up to 0.75 mi away, and 2) parcels restoration sites have significantly lower sale prices, while 3) parcels >0.5 mi from EEP sites gain substantial amenity value. When we control for intervening water bodies (e.g. un-restored streams and wetlands), we find a similar inflection point whereby parcels aquatic ecosystem restoration programs and increased public information about their value.

Nikhil Kaza; Todd K. BenDor

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Correlation analysis of mean global radiation values with mean brightness values for one year  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CORRELATION ANALYSIS OF MEAN GLOBAL RADIATION VALUES WITH MEAN BRIGHTNESS VALUES FOR ONE YEAR A Thesis EDWARD FRANKLIN KOLCZYNSKI Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ASSAM University in partial fulfillment oi' the requirement... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1971 Major Subject: Meteorology CORRELATION ANALYSIS OF MEAN GLOBAL RADIATION VALUES WITH MEAN BRIGHTNESS VALUES FOR ONE YEAR A Thesis EDWARD FRANKLIN KOLCZYNSKI Approved as to style and content by: airman...

Kolczynski, Edward Franklin

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

180

Phi-values in protein folding kinetics have energetic and structural components  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Phi-values are experimental measures of how the kinetics of protein folding is changed by single-site mutations. Phi-values measure energetic quantities, but are often interpreted in terms of the structures of the transition state ensemble. Here we describe a simple analytical model of the folding kinetics in terms of the formation of protein substructures. The model shows that Phi-values have both structural and energetic components. In addition, it provides a natural and general interpretation of "nonclassical" Phi-values (i.e., less than zero, or greater than one). The model reproduces the Phi-values for 20 single-residue mutations in the alpha-helix of the protein CI2, including several nonclassical Phi-values, in good agreement with experiments.

Claudia Merlo; Ken A. Dill; Thomas R. Weikl

2005-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "measured values shown" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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181

Convex and coherent risk measures Hans FOLLMER  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

: Monetary risk measure, convex risk measure, coherent risk measure, acceptance set, Value at Risk. Section 3 briefly discusses the representation of monetary risk measures in terms of their acceptance sets-free manner, makes the position acceptable. The following axiomatic approach to such risk measures

Föllmer, Hans

182

Real-world Quantum Sensors: Evaluating Resources for Precision Measurement  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Quantum physics holds the promise of enabling certain tasks with better performance than possible when only classical resources are employed. The quantum phenomena present in many experiments signify nonclassical behavior, but do not always imply superior performance. Quantifying the enhancement achieved from quantum behavior requires careful analysis of the resources involved. We analyze the specific case of parameter estimation using an optical interferometer, where increased precision can be achieved using quantum probe states. Common performance measures are examined and it is shown that some overestimate the improvement. For the simplest experimental case we compare the different measures and show this overestimate explicitly. We give the preferred analysis of real-world experiments and calculate benchmark values for experimental parameters necessary to realize a precision enhancement.

Nicholas Thomas-Peter; Brian J Smith; Animesh Datta; Lijian Zhang; Uwe Dorner; Ian A Walmsley

2011-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

183

Strategies for Mitigating the Reduction in Economic Value of Variable Generation with Increasing Penetration Levels  

SciTech Connect

In this report, we evaluate individual options that have the potential to stem the decline in the marginal value of variable generation (VG) with increasing penetration levels. We focus only on the effectiveness of mitigation measures for wind and PV.

Mills, Andrew; Wiser, Ryan

2014-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

184

Property:TotalValue | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

TotalValue TotalValue Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Number. Pages using the property "TotalValue" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 4 44 Tech Inc. Smart Grid Demonstration Project + 10,000,000 + A ALLETE Inc., d/b/a Minnesota Power Smart Grid Project + 3,088,007 + Amber Kinetics, Inc. Smart Grid Demonstration Project + 10,000,000 + American Transmission Company LLC II Smart Grid Project + 22,888,360 + American Transmission Company LLC Smart Grid Project + 2,661,650 + Atlantic City Electric Company Smart Grid Project + 37,400,000 + Avista Utilities Smart Grid Project + 40,000,000 + B Baltimore Gas and Electric Company Smart Grid Project + 451,814,234 + Battelle Memorial Institute, Pacific Northwest Division Smart Grid Demonstration Project + 177,642,503 +

185

Photovoltaics Value Analysis | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Page Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Photovoltaics Value Analysis Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Photovoltaics Value Analysis Focus Area: Renewable Energy Topics: Environmental Website: www.nrel.gov/analysis/pdfs/42303.pdf Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/photovoltaics-value-analysis Policies: Financial Incentives This study addresses photovoltaics (PV) distributed systems technology development; advanced distribution systems integration; system-level tests and demonstrations; technical and market analysis; resource assessment; and codes, standards, and regulatory implementation. The study defines a set of PV benefits and costs, such as greenhouse gas abatement or reliability, and then examines a series of case studies to ascertain whether the benefits of

186

Value of a Smart Grid System  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2 - 2 - Section 3: Value of a Smart Grid System Implementing a Smart Grid is the effort to move the electric grid from a "static" to a "dynamic" state. Doing so improves the efficiency, reliability and cost-effectiveness of the electrical system's operations, planning and maintenance and creates a system that is interactive with consumers and markets, allowing better energy and dollar savings. Below we summarize the value of the Smart Grid from six perspectives: Consumers Environmental Utilities and Grid Operators Market Efficiency Economy Regulatory Consumer Value of a Smart Grid Smart Grids will provide consumers many benefits, deriving mainly from the increased information and insight it brings them about their individual consumption as

187

Microfabricated fuel heating value monitoring device  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A microfabricated fuel heating value monitoring device comprises a microfabricated gas chromatography column in combination with a catalytic microcalorimeter. The microcalorimeter can comprise a reference thermal conductivity sensor to provide diagnostics and surety. Using microfabrication techniques, the device can be manufactured in production quantities at a low per-unit cost. The microfabricated fuel heating value monitoring device enables continuous calorimetric determination of the heating value of natural gas with a 1 minute analysis time and 1.5 minute cycle time using air as a carrier gas. This device has applications in remote natural gas mining stations, pipeline switching and metering stations, turbine generators, and other industrial user sites. For gas pipelines, the device can improve gas quality during transfer and blending, and provide accurate financial accounting. For industrial end users, the device can provide continuous feedback of physical gas properties to improve combustion efficiency during use.

Robinson, Alex L. (Albuquerque, NM); Manginell, Ronald P. (Albuquerque, NM); Moorman, Matthew W. (Albuquerque, NM)

2010-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

188

Nuclear beta-decay measurements and |Vud|  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Some recent work in nuclear beta decay related to the value of |Vud| is described along with some near-term goals for future measurements.

Dan Melconian

2011-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

189

4-114 The volume of chamber 1 of the two-piston cylinder shown in the figure is to be determined. Assumptions At specified conditions, helium behaves as an ideal gas.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

4-63 4-114 The volume of chamber 1 of the two-piston cylinder shown in the figure the forces acting on the piston in the vertical direction gives kPa8.248 10 4 kPa)1555( 22 1 2 2 1 2 21

Bahrami, Majid

190

California Homebuyers Find More Value in Energy-Efficient Labeled Homes  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

During a time when many homeowners have seen their homes' values decrease, some encouraging data shows how investing in efficiency will boost resale value. Aside from the increased comfort and reduced utility bills that stem from home energy efficiency upgrades, homeowners who invest in energy-efficient measures might see a bigger payback when they put their house up for sale.

191

Earned Value Management | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

management tool that measures actual performance of work scope and the associated cost and schedule compared to the approved baseline plan for the project. EVM has proven to...

192

Evaluation by room?temperature electroreflectance of the 77 K dark?storage time of bulk mercury cadmium telluride measured on metal?insulator semiconductor devices  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We have studied a set of 14 very carefully characterized samples by spectroscopicellipsometry electrolyte electroreflectance (EER) and other measurements and have measured the 77 K storage time ? of metal?insulator semiconductor (MIS)devices built on these samples. The measured storage times ranged from 6.8 to 130.8 ?s. Only the results of the EER measurements showed a correlation with the measured values of ?. We interpret our EER results in terms of a two?phase model consisting of bulk plus very thin highly defectuous regions possibly associated with subgrain boundaries. The observed correlation between the values of the incremental linewidth ?? of the thin defectuous regions and the values of the charge?storage lifetimes ? of the MISdevices is excellent and capable of predicting the values of ?. Furthermore the exact form of the observed correlation is shown to follow immediately from a simple physical model.Correlations between the values of ? and those of other parameters measured by EER were also observed. They suggest a possible simple physical picture for the primary origin of dark current in these devices. This is the first predictive quantitative correlation ever observed between the results of room?temperature optical characterizations of semiconductor materials and the low?temperature electrical performance of devices built on those materials.

Paul M. Raccah; James W. Garland; De Yang; Hisham Abad; Roger L. Strong; Matthew C. McNeill

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

vibration measurement  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

vibration measurement ? Erschütterungsmessung, Schwingungsmessung f [Schwingungsmessungen dienen dazu, die Schwingungsanfälligkeit von Bauwerken realitätsnah zu erfassen

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

World Best Practice Energy Intensity Values for Selected Industrial Sectors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

world best practice energy intensity values for productionWorld best practice energy intensity values for productionWorld Best Practice Final Energy Intensity Values for Aluminium Production (

Worrell, Ernst; Price, Lynn; Neelis, Maarten; Galitsky, Christina; Zhou, Nan

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

World Best Practice Energy Intensity Values for Selected Industrial Sectors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Best Practice Final Energy Intensity Values for Stand-AloneBest Practice Final Energy Intensity Values for Stand-AloneBest Practice Primary Energy Intensity Values for Stand-

Worrell, Ernst; Price, Lynn; Neelis, Maarten; Galitsky, Christina; Zhou, Nan

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

ARM - Measurement - Hygroscopic growth  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

govMeasurementsHygroscopic growth govMeasurementsHygroscopic growth ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Hygroscopic growth The rate that aerosol particles grow at relative humidity values less than 100 percent. Categories Aerosols Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. ARM Instruments AOS : Aerosol Observing System SMPS : Scanning mobility particle sizer TDMA : Tandem Differential Mobility Analyzer Field Campaign Instruments AOS : Aerosol Observing System

197

THE COMPARATIVE VALUE OF BIOLOGICAL CARBON SEQUESTRATION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

THE COMPARATIVE VALUE OF BIOLOGICAL CARBON SEQUESTRATION BRUCE A. MCCARL, BRIAN C. MURRAY, AND UWE A. SCHNEIDER A. Abstract Carbon sequestration via forests and agricultural soils saturates over time to sequestration because of (1) an ecosystems limited ability to take up carbon which we will call saturation

McCarl, Bruce A.

198

Analysis of design control values for TEP  

SciTech Connect

The Tokamak Exhaust Processing (TEP) Performance Requirements Report (USITER-13201-TD0005-R00), date May 29, 2007 defined feed sources for TEP quantities and approximate flow rate of gases from these individual sources. In addition, the report identified the approximate periods of time (during Burn and Dwell, 'Silent Shift', etc.) that these gases would be transferred to TEP. This report did not take into account the detailed, time dependent, sequencing options for receiving gases from these feed sources. Sequencing is critical in defining the actual design basis values (flow rates, etc.) for TEP. This report analyzes the time dependent sequencing of feed flows to TEP and defines the ,design basis values. This analysis is based on the values presented in the TEP Performance Requirements Report (TEP PRR), and indicates that the ITER Burn and Dwell, Silent Shift Following 16 hours of Burn and Dwell, Glow Discharge Cleaning (GDC), and Silent Shift following 100 hours of GDC scenarios are the limiting scenarios from which the design basis values will be defined.

Carlson, Bryan J [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Features . . . Cover Crop Value to Cotton  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Features . . . Cotton Cover Crop Value to Cotton Cotton Price and Rotation 32:12 December 2008 #12;Cotton Price and Rotation Agronomy Notes Page 2 Cotton price has been low. Either peanut or soybean should be rotated with cotton, corn, or other grasses. However, with cotton

Watson, Craig A.

200

The Value Chain of Colorado Agriculture  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Value Chain of Colorado Agriculture Gregory Graff, Ryan Mortenson, Rebecca Goldbach, Dawn of Agricultural and Resource Economics, College of Agricultural Sciences, and the Office of Engagement Colorado by support from the Colorado Department of Agriculture and the Colorado State University Office of Engagement

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "measured values shown" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

The Value Chain of Colorado Agriculture  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Value Chain of Colorado Agriculture Gregory Graff, Ryan Mortenson, Rebecca Goldbach, Dawn of Agricultural and Resource Economics, College of Agricultural Sciences, and the Office of Engagement Colorado the Colorado Department of Agriculture and the Colorado State University Office of Engagement. The authors

Stephens, Graeme L.

202

LED Lighting Value and Opportunities CONFIDENTIAL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LED Lighting ­ Value and Opportunities Paul Fini CREE SBTC CONFIDENTIAL #12;2 Copyright © 2013, Cree Inc. · By now, superior LED efficiency in any application, 10+ year reliability, and high light/yr #12;Copyright © 2013, Cree Inc. 4 LEDs in Various Applications · SSL: requirements vary widely

California at Davis, University of

203

Slave Morality and the Revaluation of Values  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

________________________________ Professor Jack Bricke ________________________________ Assistant Professor Misty Schieberle Date Defended: July 6th 2011 ii The Dissertation Committee for Aaron Dopf certifies that this is the approved... version of the following dissertation: Slave Morality and the Revaluation of Values ________________________________ Chairperson Assistant Professor Scott Jenkins Date approved: July 6th 2011...

Dopf, Aaron Andrew

2011-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

204

Impedance tube measurements of printed porous materials  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An impedance tube has been used to make measurements of the acoustic impedance of porous samples. Porous with designed porosities and tortuosities have been produced using 3D printing. Measured impedances are compared to calculated values.

Carl Frederickson

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Formant frequency values of vowels produced by preadolescent boys and girls  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The fundamental frequency (F0) and the first three formant frequency (F1 F2 and F3) values of vowels produced by 40 preadolescents were measured. There were five boys and five girls in each of four age groups: 5 7 9 and 11 years old. The 11 nondiphthong vowels of Australian English which can be produced in a stressed syllable were used. The F0 values decreased with increases in age but there was no difference between boys and girls. In general the F1 F2 and F3 values decreased with increases in age and the values for girls were higher than those for boys.

P. A. Busby; G. L. Plant

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Lagrangian Variational Framework for Boundary Value Problems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A boundary value problem is commonly associated with constraints imposed on a system at its boundary. We advance here an alternative point of view treating the system as interacting "boundary" and "interior" subsystems. This view is implemented through a Lagrangian framework that allows to account for (i) a variety of forces including dissipative acting at the boundary; (ii) a multitude of features of interactions between the boundary and the interior fields when the boundary fields may differ from the boundary limit of the interior fields; (iii) detailed pictures of the energy distribution and its flow; (iv) linear and nonlinear effects. We provide a number of elucidating examples of the structured boundary and its interactions with the system interior. We also show that the proposed approach covers the well known boundary value problems.

Alexander Figotin; Guillermo Reyes

2014-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

207

Essential Value, Pmax, and Omax Automated Calculator  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Behavioral economic measures of demand are often calculated in sophisticated spreadsheet programs. Unfortunately, no closed form models for exact pmax (point of unit elasticity) and omax (response output at pmax) can be applied to initial regression...

Kaplan, Brent A.; Reed, Derek D.

2014-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

208

ARM KAZR-ARSCL Value Added Product  

SciTech Connect

The Ka-band ARM Zenith Radars (KAZRs) have replaced the long-serving Millimeter Cloud Radars, or MMCRs. Accordingly, the primary MMCR Value Added Product (VAP), the Active Remote Sensing of CLouds (ARSCL) product, is being replaced by a KAZR-based version, the KAZR-ARSCL VAP. KAZR-ARSCL provides cloud boundaries and best-estimate time-height fields of radar moments.

Michael Jensen

2012-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

209

Producing and Marketing High-Value Calves  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

carcasses. Oklahoma State University (Smith et al., 2000) and University of Arkansas (Troxel et al., 2001) researchers conducted livestock market surveys to determine factors that affect value in feeder cattle. Their data indicate that small... cattle that will produce calves with adequate muscling. Body condition. The Oklahoma study found that thin cattle received discounts of $9 to $10 per cwt when compared to cattle of average condition, and that fat cattle received discounts of $6...

Cleere, Jason; Boleman, Larry L.

2006-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

210

Two Essays on the Value of Cash  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the other scenarios considered so far. When the firm invests, investors are concerned that some portion of the investments are undertaken for the wrong reasons, i.e., to provide private benefits for management. Thus at best, investing results in no change... retirements do not affect 15 firm value. Finally, equity payouts demonstrate the willingness of management to relinquish control of some assets and pay them out to shareholders instead of using them for private benefits. This may cause investors to revise...

Tippens, Timothy

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

211

Historical changes in US dollar exchange rate and real value of oil  

SciTech Connect

Oil prices relative to world currencies are now at unprecedented lows, as shown by a price analysis that incorporates the effect of US dollar exchange rates on the value of oil. A commodity-based analysis corroborates this exchange-rate analysis. The value of oil today on world markets is even below its 1969 level (the nadir of the previous oil bust). The inflation-corrected price of oil (using the producer price index) in the US has increased 130% since 1969. However, the US dollar has lost over 40% of its value relative to G-7 currencies since abandonment of the Bretton Woods agreement in 1971. Therefore, the real value of oil an international markets is 20% below its 1969 level. Since 1988 alone, the dollar has lost 16% relative to the G-7 currencies. Oil producing countries are taking extreme revenue cuts caused by the eroding US dollar.

DeMis, W.D. (Marathon Oil Co., Midland, TX (United States))

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Historical changes in US dollar exchange rate and real value of oil  

SciTech Connect

Oil prices relative to world currencies are now at unprecedented lows, as shown by a price analysis that incorporates the effect of US dollar exchange rates on the value of oil. A commodity-based analysis corroborates this exchange-rate analysis. The value of oil today on world markets is even below its 1969 level (the nadir of the previous oil bust). The inflation-corrected price of oil (using the producer price index) in the US has increased 130% since 1969. However, the US dollar has lost over 40% of its value relative to G-7 currencies since abandonment of the Bretton Woods agreement in 1971. Therefore, the real value of oil an international markets is 20% below its 1969 level. Since 1988 alone, the dollar has lost 16% relative to the G-7 currencies. Oil producing countries are taking extreme revenue cuts caused by the eroding US dollar.

DeMis, W.D. [Marathon Oil Co., Midland, TX (United States)

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

213

Lie and conditional symmetries of a class of nonlinear (1+2)-dimensional boundary value problems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A new definition of conditional invariance for boundary value problems involving a wide range of boundary conditions (including initial value problems as a special case) is proposed. It is shown that other definitions worked out in order to find Lie symmetries of boundary value problems with standard boundary conditions, follow as particular cases from our definition. Simple examples of direct applicability to the nonlinear problems arising in applications are demonstrated. Moreover, the successful application of the definition for the Lie and conditional symmetry classification of a class of (1+2)-dimensional nonlinear boundary value problems governed by the nonlinear diffusion equation in a semi-infinite domain is realised. In particular, it is proved that there is a special exponent, $k=-2$, for the power diffusivity $u^k$ when the problem in question with non-vanishing flux on the boundary admits additional Lie symmetry operators compared to the case $k\

Roman Cherniha; John R King

2014-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

214

How Do Patents Shape Global Value Chains? International and Domestic Patenting and Value-Added Trade  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

an important role in the global economy through its impact on technology diffusion, knowledge transfer they critically shape technology transfer. Coe and Helpman (1995) demonstrate the important effects of foreign R1 How Do Patents Shape Global Value Chains? International and Domestic Patenting and Value

Sekhon, Jasjeet S.

215

Developing Louisiana's Forest Products Industry: Adding Value for the Future  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of a manufacturingThe increased value at each stage of a manufacturing assembly processassembly process Those and necessaryimportant and necessary Addition of net economic valueAddition of net economic value Value can be added through manufacturing orValue can be added through manufacturing or marketingmarketing Why Add Value

216

G-Band Vapor Radiometer Precipitable Water Vapor (GVRPWV) Value-Added Product  

SciTech Connect

The G-Band Vapor Radiometer Precipitable Water Vapor (GVRPWV) value-added product (VAP) computes precipitable water vapor using neural network techniques from data measured by the GVR. The GVR reports time-series measurements of brightness temperatures for four channels located at 183.3 ± 1, 3, 7, and 14 GHz.

Koontz, A; Cadeddu, M

2012-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

217

Value of electrical heat boilers and heat pumps for wind power integration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Value of electrical heat boilers and heat pumps for wind power integration Peter Meibom Juha of using electrical heat boilers and heat pumps as wind power integration measures relieving the link between the heat and power production in combined heat and power plants. Each of these measures has

218

Absolute Values of Neutrino Masses: Status and Prospects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Compelling evidences in favor of neutrino masses and mixing obtained in the last years in Super-Kamiokande, SNO, KamLAND and other neutrino experiments made the physics of massive and mixed neutrinos a frontier field of research in particle physics and astrophysics. There are many open problems in this new field. In this review we consider the problem of the absolute values of neutrino masses, which apparently is the most difficult one from the experimental point of view. We discuss the present limits and the future prospects of beta-decay neutrino mass measurements and neutrinoless double-beta decay. We consider the important problem of the calculation of nuclear matrix elements of neutrinoless double-beta decay and discuss the possibility to check the results of different model calculations of the nuclear matrix elements through their comparison with the experimental data. We discuss the upper bound of the total mass of neutrinos that was obtained recently from the data of the 2dF Galaxy Redshift Survey and other cosmological data and we discuss future prospects of the cosmological measurements of the total mass of neutrinos. We discuss also the possibility to obtain information on neutrino masses from the observation of the ultra high-energy cosmic rays (beyond the GZK cutoff). Finally, we review the main aspects of the physics of core-collapse supernovae, the limits on the absolute values of neutrino masses from the observation of SN1987A neutrinos and the future prospects of supernova neutrino detection.

S. M. Bilenky; C. Giunti; J. A. Grifols; E. Masso

2003-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

219

TBM tunnel friction values for the Grizzly Powerhouse Project  

SciTech Connect

Tunnel boring machine (TBM) driven water conveyance tunnels are becoming increasingly more common. Despite advances in tunnel engineering and construction technology, hydraulic performance data for TBM driven tunnels remains relatively unavailable. At the Grizzly Powerhouse Project, the TBM driven water conveyance tunnel was designed using friction coefficients developed from a previous PG&E project. A range of coefficients were selected to bound the possible hydraulic performance variations of the water conveyance system. These friction coefficients, along with the water conveyance systems characteristics, and expected turbine characteristics, were used in a hydraulic transient analysis to determine the expected system pressure fluctuations, and surge chamber performance. During startup test data, these performance characteristics were measured to allow comparison to the original design assumptions. During construction of the tunnel, plaster casts were made of the actual excavated tunnel unlined and fiber reinforced shotcrete lined surfaces. These castings were used to measure absolute roughness of the surfaces so that a friction coefficient could be developed using the Moody diagram and compare them against the design values. This paper compares the assumed frictional coefficient with computed coefficients from headlosses measured during startup testing, and plaster cast measurement calculations. In addition, a comparison of coefficients will be presented for an other TBM driven water conveyance tunnel constructed in the 1980`s.

Stutsman, R.D. [Ensign & Buckley Consulting Engineers, Larkspur, CA (United States); Rothfuss, B.D. [Pacific Gas and Electric Co., San Francisco, CA (United States)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

220

Math 111a, Fall 2013, Homework # 4 Measurable Functions and Measure Spaces  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Math 111a, Fall 2013, Homework # 4 Measurable Functions and Measure Spaces Unless otherwise specified, in all the problems below (X, A, µ) is a measure space, and subsets belonging to A are referred to as measurable. 1. (Lang, Problem 3 on p. 172) Let {fn} be a sequence of real-valued measurable functions on X

Kleinbock, Dmitry

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "measured values shown" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Effective environments: Preparation of stationary states with inverse temperature ranging from positive to negative values  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, we discuss how effective environments incorporating periodic measurements can be used to prepare a two-level system (TLS) in almost arbitrary thermal states: Concretely, we study a TLS coupled to a spin environment, the magnetization of which is measured periodically. In ensemble average these measurements cause a relaxation of the TLS into a thermal (diagonal) state. By adjusting the time between the measurements and the detuning of the environmental spins, the creation of very low temperatures as well as inversion becomes possible. Our analytical results derived for large environments are numerically shown to be valid even for quite small environments, down to only a few spins.

Thomas Jahnke; Günter Mahler

2011-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

222

In situ measurement system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A multipurpose in situ underground measurement system comprising a plurality of long electrical resistance elements in the form of rigid reinforcing bars, each having an open loop hairpin configuration of shorter length than the other resistance elements. The resistance elements are arranged in pairs in a unitized structure, and grouted in place in the underground volume. Measurement means are provided for obtaining for each pair the electrical resistance of each element and the difference in electrical resistance of the paired elements, which difference values may be used in analytical methods involving resistance as a function of temperature. A scanner means sequentially connects the resistance-measuring apparatus to each individual pair of elements. A source of heating current is also selectively connectable for heating the elements to an initial predetermined temperature prior to electrical resistance measurements when used as an anemometer.

Lord, D.E.

1980-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

223

Measurement fundamentals  

SciTech Connect

The need to have accurate petroleum measurement is obvious. Petroleum measurement is the basis of commerce between oil producers, royalty owners, oil transporters, refiners, marketers, the Department of Revenue, and the motoring public. Furthermore, petroleum measurements are often used to detect operational problems or unwanted releases in pipelines, tanks, marine vessels, underground storage tanks, etc. Therefore, consistent, accurate petroleum measurement is an essential part of any operation. While there are several methods and different types of equipment used to perform petroleum measurement, the basic process stays the same. The basic measurement process is the act of comparing an unknown quantity, to a known quantity, in order to establish its magnitude. The process can be seen in a variety of forms; such as measuring for a first-down in a football game, weighing meat and produce at the grocery, or the use of an automobile odometer.

Webb, R.A. [Marathon Pipe Line Co., Findlay, OH (United States)

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

High-energy x-ray diffractometer for nondestructive strain depth profile measurement  

SciTech Connect

We describe a lab-based high-energy x-ray diffraction system and a new approach to nondestructively measuring strain profiles in polycrystalline samples. This technique utilizes the tungsten K{sub ?1} characteristic radiation from a standard industrial x-ray tube. We introduce a simulation model that is used to determine strain values from data collected with this system. Examples of depth profiling are shown for shot peened aluminum and titanium samples. Profiles to 1 mm depth in aluminum and 300 ?m depth in titanium with a depth resolution of 20 ?m are presented.

Al-Shorman, M. Y. [Department of Physics, Yarmouk University, 21163 Irbid (Jordan)] [Department of Physics, Yarmouk University, 21163 Irbid (Jordan); Jensen, T. C.; Gray, J. N. [Center for Nondestructive Evaluation, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50011 (United States)] [Center for Nondestructive Evaluation, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50011 (United States)

2013-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

225

Unit Conversion Factors Quantity Equivalent Values  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Unit Conversion Factors Quantity Equivalent Values Mass 1 kg = 1000 g = 0.001 metric ton = 2.921 inHg at 0 C Energy 1 J = 1 N·m = 107 ergs = 107 dyne·cm = 2.778�10-7 kW·h 1 J = 0.23901 cal = 0·R 10.73 psia·ft3 lbmol·R 62.36 liter·torr mol·K 0.7302 ft3·atm lbmol·R Temperature Conversions: T

Ashurst, W. Robert

226

Political risk in fair market value estimates  

SciTech Connect

Political risk arises from unstable governments, commercial establishments and infrastructure as well as labor unrest. All these factors vary from country to country and from time to time. Banks and insurance companies quantify these risks, but they are reluctant to divulge their opinions for fear of alienating possible customers that have been assigned a high risk. An investment in a fixed property such as an oil and gas lease, concession or other mineral interest is subject to political risk. No one will deny that money to be received several years in the future has a greater value today in a country with a stable government, stable tax regime, a sound economy and reliable labor force than in a Third World country where a revolution is brewing. Even in stable countries, the risk of tax law changes, exorbitant environmental production regulations and cleanup costs may vary. How do these factors affect fair market value and how are these calculations made? An important consideration discussed in this paper is the treatment of capital investments.

Gruy, H.J.; Hartsock, J.H.

1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Variable g value of transparent façade collectors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Transparent solar thermal collectors (TSTC) represent a new development. An adequate model is needed to predict their performance. This paper presents a collector model with an advanced calculation of the transmission of diffuse radiation and a connection to the building which allows analysis of the collector gains and of the g value, also called “solar factor”, “solar heat gain coefficient (SHGC)” or “total solar energy transmittance”. The model is implemented as a TRNSYS Type and a coupled simulation between a collector and a room is presented for different façade constructions. Façade areas with glazing and venetian blinds are simulated with a second new TRNSYS Type which introduces high modelling accuracy for façades with solar control systems. An HVAC system is presented together with a first estimate of possible reductions of primary energy. It indicates primary energy savings of about 30% by replacing opaque walls with transparent collectors. The g values prove to depend not only on the irradiation, but also on the operation of the solar collectors and vary e.g. between 0.04 and 0.21. Detailed modelling of active façades like TSTC is therefore essential for accurate predictions of the collector gain, the heating and cooling loads and the thermal comfort.

Christoph Maurer; Tilmann E. Kuhn

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Average values and dispersion (in parentheses)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Average values and dispersion (in parentheses) Average values and dispersion (in parentheses) Base-pair Parameters --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Shear Stretch Stagger Buckle Propeller Opening 3DNA A 0.01(0.23) -0.18(0.10) 0.02(0.25) -0.13(7.77) -11.79(4.14) 0.57(2.80) B 0.00(0.21) -0.15(0.12) 0.09(0.19) 0.53(6.74) -11.35(5.26) 0.63(3.05) CEHS A 0.01(0.23) -0.18(0.10) 0.02(0.25) -0.13(7.75) -11.82(4.14) 0.56(2.78) B 0.00(0.21) -0.14(0.12) 0.09(0.19) 0.53(6.73) -11.37(5.27) 0.62(3.03) CompDNA A 0.01(0.23) -0.18(0.10) 0.02(0.25) -0.12(7.70) -11.81(4.14) 0.56(2.79) B 0.00(0.21) -0.15(0.12) 0.09(0.19) 0.53(6.70) -11.37(5.26) 0.62(3.03) Curves A 0.01(0.23) -0.18(0.10) 0.02(0.25) -0.13(7.85) -11.76(4.12) 0.57(2.80)

229

Creating, destroying, and restoring value in wikipedia  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Wikipedia's brilliance and curse is that any user can edit any of the encyclopedia entries. We introduce the notion of the impact of an edit, measured by the number of times the edited version is viewed. Using several datasets, including recent logs ... Keywords: collaboration, damage, vandalism, wiki, wikipedia

Reid Priedhorsky; Jilin Chen; Shyong (Tony) K. Lam; Katherine Panciera; Loren Terveen; John Riedl

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Modified Chebyshev-Picard Iteration Methods for Solution of Initial Value and Boundary Value Problems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of y (final value problem) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68 32 Integration errors of y? (final value problem) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69 33 Integration errors of y (y(-1) and y(1)) are known) . . . . . . . . . . 72 34 Integration errors of y? (y(-1...) and y(1) are known) . . . . . . . . . . . 72 35 Integration errors of y (y?(?1) and y?(1) are known) . . . . . . . . . . 73 36 Integration errors of y? (y?(?1) and y?(1) are known) . . . . . . . . . . 74 37 Integration errors of y (y(-1) and yd(1...

Bai, Xiaoli

2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

231

Method for resonant measurement  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method of measurement of objects to determine object flaws, Poisson's ratio (.sigma.) and shear modulus (.mu.) is shown and described. First, the frequency for expected degenerate responses is determined for one or more input frequencies and then splitting of degenerate resonant modes are observed to identify the presence of flaws in the object. Poisson's ratio and the shear modulus can be determined by identification of resonances dependent only on the shear modulus, and then using that shear modulus to find Poisson's ratio using other modes dependent on both the shear modulus and Poisson's ratio.

Rhodes, George W. (5201 Rio Grande Blvd., N.W., Albuquerque, NM 87107); Migliori, Albert (Rte. 4, Box 258 Tano Rd., Sante Fe, NM 87501); Dixon, Raymond D. (396 Connie Ave., White Rock, NM 87544)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Decommissioning Cost Estimating Factors And Earned Value Integration  

SciTech Connect

The Rocky Flats 771 Project progressed from the planning stage of decommissioning a plutonium facility, through the strip-out of highly-contaminated equipment, removal of utilities and structural decontamination, and building demolition. Actual cost data was collected from the strip-out activities and compared to original estimates, allowing the development of cost by equipment groupings and types and over time. Separate data was developed from the project control earned value reporting and compared with the equipment data. The paper discusses the analysis to develop the detailed factors for the different equipment types, and the items that need to be considered during characterization of a similar facility when preparing an estimate. The factors are presented based on direct labor requirements by equipment type. The paper also includes actual support costs, and examples of fixed or one-time start-up costs. The integration of the estimate and the earned value system used for the 771 Project is also discussed. The paper covers the development of the earned value system as well as its application to a facility to be decommissioned and an existing work breakdown structure. Lessons learned are provided, including integration with scheduling and craft supervision, measurement approaches, and verification of scope completion. In summary: The work of decommissioning the Rocky Flats 771 Project process equipment was completed in 2003. Early in the planning process, we had difficulty in identifying credible data and implementing processes for estimating and controlling this work. As the project progressed, we were able to collect actual data on the costs of removing plutonium contaminated equipment from various areas over the life of this work and associate those costs with individual pieces of equipment. We also were able to develop and test out a system for measuring the earned value of a decommissioning project based on an evolving estimate. These were elements that would have been useful to us in our early planning process, and we would expect that they would find application elsewhere as the DOE weapons complex and some commercial nuclear facilities move towards closure. (authors)

Sanford, P.C.; Cimmarron, E. [Englewood, CO, B. Skokan, Office of Project Management Oversight, EM-53, United States Department of Energy, Washington, DC (United States)

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

ARM - Measurements  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Measurement Instrument Sponsor Aircraft State PositionVelocity @ 10Hz Trimble DSM(tm) AAF PitchRollAzimuth Trimble Advanced Navigation System (TANS)10Hz AAF...

234

Shell Measures  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Residential Commercial Commercial Industrial Lighting Energy Smart Grocer Program HVAC Program Shell Measures Commercial Kitchen & Food Service Equipment Plug Load New...

235

Limits to Value in Electronic Commerce-Related IT Investments  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper extends the limits-to-value model of Davern and Kauffman to explore market and process-level factors that impact value flows to firms for their information technology (IT) investments. We characterize IT value in terms of potential value and ... Keywords: Business Value Case Study Corporate Travel Industry Ey Words And Phrases Conversion Barriers Electronic Commerce Information Technology Investments Valuation Barriers

Alina M. Chircu; Robert J. Kauffman

2000-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Aerosol Best Estimate Value-Added Product  

SciTech Connect

The objective of the Aerosol Best Estimate (AEROSOLBE) value-added product (VAP) is to provide vertical profiles of aerosol extinction, single scatter albedo, asymmetry parameter, and Angstroem exponents for the atmospheric column above the Central Facility at the ARM Southern Great Plains (SGP) site. We expect that AEROSOLBE will provide nearly continuous estimates of aerosol optical properties under a range of conditions (clear, broken clouds, overcast clouds, etc.). The primary requirement of this VAP was to provide an aerosol data set as continuous as possible in both time and height for the Broadband Heating Rate Profile (BBHRP) VAP in order to provide a structure for the comprehensive assessment of our ability to model atmospheric radiative transfer for all conditions. Even though BBHRP has been completed, AEROSOLBE results are very valuable for environmental, atmospheric, and climate research.

Flynn, C; Turner, D; Koontz, A; Chand, D; Sivaraman, C

2012-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

237

Values and the quantum conception of man  

SciTech Connect

Classical mechanics is based upon a mechanical picture of nature that is fundamentally incorrect. It has been replaced at the basic level by a radically different theory: quantum mechanics. This change entails an enormous shift in one`s basic conception of nature, one that can profoundly alter the scientific image of man himself. Self-image is the foundation of values, and the replacement of the mechanistic self-image derived from classical mechanics by one concordant with quantum mechanics may provide the foundation of a moral order better suited to today`s times, a self-image that endows human life with meaning, responsibility, and a deeper linkage to nature as a whole.

Stapp, H.P.

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Examining Comparative Value Arguments, Capital Sentencing Evidence, and Legal Safeguards.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Comparative value arguments (CVA) suggest to jurors that a death sentence is appropriate because the victim’s value surpasses the defendant’s value. Jurors exposed to CVA… (more)

Small, Rachel

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Managing unarticulated value : changeability in multi-attribute tradespace exploration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A framework for creating value robust systems in the face of changing value perceptions during the architecture and design of systems is proposed. Both unarticulated value, that which is not explicitly communicated to ...

Ross, Adam Michael, 1977-

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Extreme Value Analysis and Ventures into Space and Time  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Extreme Value Analysis and Ventures into Space and Time 15 Center for Atmospheric Research Copyright NCAR 2013 #12;Extreme Value Analysis'arrive jamais" --Emil Gumbel Copyright NCAR 2013 Extreme Value Analysis #12;Copyright

Gilleland, Eric

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "measured values shown" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

ARM - Measurement - Hydrometeor phase  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

phase phase ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Hydrometeor phase Hydrometeor phase such as liquid ice or mixed phase Categories Cloud Properties Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. Value-Added Products VISST : Minnis Cloud Products Using Visst Algorithm (Process) VISSTPX04G08V2MINNIS : VISST-derived pixel-level products from satellite GOES8, version 2 VISSTPX04G08V3MINNIS : VISST-derived pixel-level products from satellite GOES8, version 3

242

Photon position measure  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The positive operator valued measure (POVM) for a photon counting array detector is derived and found to equal photon flux density integrated over pixel area and measurement time. Since photon flux density equals number density multiplied by the speed of light, this justifies theoretically the observation that a photon counting array provides a coarse grained measurement of photon position. The POVM obtained here can be written as a set of projectors onto a basis of localized states, consistent with the description of photon position in a recent quantum imaging proposal [M. Tsang, Phys. Rev. Lett. \\textbf{102}, 253601 (2009)]. The wave function that describes a photon counting experiment is the projection of the photon state vector onto this localized basis. Collapse is to the electromagnetic vacuum and not to a localized state, thus violating the text book rules of quantum mechanics but compatible with the theory of generalized observables and the nonlocalizability of an incoming photon.

Margaret Hawton

2010-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

243

Photon position measure  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The positive operator valued measure (POVM) for a photon counting array detector is derived and found to equal photon flux density integrated over pixel area and measurement time. Since photon flux density equals number density multiplied by the speed of light, this justifies theoretically the observation that a photon counting array provides a coarse grained measurement of photon position. The POVM obtained here can be written as a set of projectors onto a basis of localized states, consistent with the description of photon position in a recent quantum imaging proposal [M. Tsang, Phys. Rev. Lett. \\textbf{102}, 253601 (2009)]. The wave function that describes a photon counting experiment is the projection of the photon state vector onto this localized basis. Collapse is to the electromagnetic vacuum and not to a localized state, thus violating the text book rules of quantum mechanics but compatible with the theory of generalized observables and the nonlocalizability of an incoming photon.

Hawton, Margaret

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

The Market Value and Cost of Solar Photovoltaic Electricity Production  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Investigation of Photovoltaic Cost Trends in California,”The Market Value and Cost of Solar Photovoltaic ElectricityThe Market Value and Cost of Solar Photovoltaic Electricity

Borenstein, Severin

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Quantifying the Value of Hydropower in the Electric Grid: Final...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

research to Quantify the Value of Hydropower in the Electric Grid. This 3-year DOE study focused on defining value of hydropower assets in a changing electric grid....

246

Biopower Report Presents Methodology for Assessing the Value...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Biopower Report Presents Methodology for Assessing the Value of Co-Firing Biomass in Pulverized Coal Plants Biopower Report Presents Methodology for Assessing the Value of...

247

Carbon Sequestration with Reforestations and Biodiversity-scenic Values  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents an optimal control model to analyze reforestations with two different species, including commercial values, carbon sequestration and biodiversity or scenic values. We discuss ... of environmen...

Alejandro Caparrós; Emilio Cerdá; Paola Ovando…

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Bi-facial Truth: a Case for Generalized Truth Values  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We explore a possibility of generalization of classical truth values by distinguishing between their ontological and ... framework. The outcome is four generalized classical truth values implemented by Cartesian ...

Dmitry Zaitsev; Yaroslav Shramko

2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Pumped Storage Hydropower (Detailed Analysis to Demonstrate Value...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Pumped Storage Hydropower (Detailed Analysis to Demonstrate Value)-Modeling and Analysis of Value of Advanced Pumped Storage Hydropower in the U.S. Pumped Storage Hydropower...

250

Estimating the Value of Electricity Storage Resources in Electricity...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Estimating the Value of Electricity Storage Resources in Electricity Markets - EAC 2011 Estimating the Value of Electricity Storage Resources in Electricity Markets - EAC 2011 The...

251

HANDLING MISSING ATTRIBUTE VALUES IN DECISION TABLES USING VALUED TOLERANCE APPROACH  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

using the lower and upper approximations. The set that separates the lower and the upper approximation is the boundary region for the rough set. The main advantage of rough set theory is that it does not require any additional information about data... by the algorithm (MLEM2 or valued tolerance) and computes the error rate. Two rule checkers are used namely, ?srch? and ?chkrul?. The rule checker ?srch? is used to convert the rules according to the LERS format since it does not handle missing attribute values...

Vasudevan, Supriya

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

''When Cost Measures Contradict''  

SciTech Connect

When regulators put forward new economic or regulatory policies, there is a need to compare the costs and benefits of these new policies to existing policies and other alternatives to determine which policy is most cost-effective. For command and control policies, it is quite difficult to compute costs, but for more market-based policies, economists have had a great deal of success employing general equilibrium models to assess a policy's costs. Not all cost measures, however, arrive at the same ranking. Furthermore, cost measures can produce contradictory results for a specific policy. These problems make it difficult for a policy-maker to determine the best policy. For a cost measures to be of value, one would like to be confident of two things. First one wants to be sure whether the policy is a winner or loser. Second, one wants to be confident that a measure produces the correct policy ranking. That is, one wants to have confidence in a policy measure's ability to correctly rank policies from most beneficial to most harmful. This paper analyzes empirically these two properties of different costs measures as they pertain to assessing the costs of the carbon abatement policies, especially the Kyoto Protocol, under alternative assumptions about implementation.

Montgomery, W. D.; Smith, A. E.; Biggar, S. L.; Bernstein, P. M.

2003-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

253

Have You Added Value to Your Home with Energy Saving Upgrades? | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Have You Added Value to Your Home with Energy Saving Upgrades? Have You Added Value to Your Home with Energy Saving Upgrades? Have You Added Value to Your Home with Energy Saving Upgrades? July 15, 2011 - 3:47pm Addthis This week, Eric shared his thoughts on Building Value with Energy-Saving Upgrades in Homes and Businesses. He also mentioned the U.S. Department of Energy's Commercial Building Initiative, which is a partnership between the department and industry representatives to encourage the development of higher commercial building efficiency measures. Read the full text of the partnership agreement. How about you? Have you done any energy-efficient remodeling and seen your home increase in either value or appeal to potential buyers? Or are you planning to do so in the next few years? Each week, you have the chance to share your thoughts on a question about

254

ARM Climate Research Facility Spectral Surface Albedo Value-Added Product (VAP) Report  

SciTech Connect

This document describes the input requirements, output data products, and methodology for the Spectral Surface Albedo (SURFSPECALB) value-added product (VAP). The SURFSPECALB VAP produces a best-estimate near-continuous high spectral resolution albedo data product using measurements from multifilter radiometers (MFRs). The VAP first identifies best estimates for the MFR downwelling and upwelling shortwave irradiance values, and then calculates narrowband spectral albedo from these best-estimate irradiance values. The methodology for finding the best-estimate values is based on a simple process of screening suspect data and backfilling screened and missing data with estimated values when possible. The resulting best-estimate MFR narrowband spectral albedos are used to determine a daily surface type (snow, 100% vegetation, partial vegetation, or 0% vegetation). For non-snow surfaces, a piecewise continuous function is used to estimate a high spectral resolution albedo at 1 min temporal and 10 cm-1 spectral resolution.

McFarlane, S; Gaustad, K; Long, C; Mlawer, E

2011-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

255

The effects of texture and strain on the r-value of heavy gauge tantalum plate  

SciTech Connect

Previous work by other researches suggest that the r-values measured from thick-gauge tantalum plate do not correspond to the predicted r-values calculated from ODF coefficients. To understand this behavior, bulk texture analysis using neutron diffraction techniques was conducted on annealed samples of Ta and Ta-2.5W plate: the pure tantalum exhibited a primary {l_brace}111{r_brace} type texture whereas the alloy contained a cube texture. For the pure tantalum, the r-values calculated from the texture of as-annealed and the deformed specimens were similar and correlated well with measured data. The r-value of the Ta-2.5W exhibited a greater degree of strain-sensitivity, such that the calculated r-values based on the initial texture did not represent those calculated or measured after tensile deformation. Strain sensitivity of r-values in Ta and Ta-2.5W plates is related to the generation of a <{bar 1}10> fiber texture during deformation.

Michaluk, C. [Cabot Performance Materials, Boyertown, PA (United States); Bingert, J. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Choi, C.S. [US Army, Gaithersburg, MD (United States). ARDEC

1993-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Production of High Value Cellulose from Tobacco  

SciTech Connect

The Kentucky Rural Energy Supply Program was established in 2005 by a federal direct appropriation to benefit the citizens of the Commonwealth by creating a unified statewide consortium to promote renewable energy and energy efficiency in Kentucky. The U.S. Department of Energy�s (DOE) Office of Biomass Programs initially funded the consortium in 2005 with a $2 million operational grant. The Kentucky Rural Energy Consortium (KREC) was formed at the outset of the program to advance energy efficiency and comprehensive research on biomass and bioenergy of importance to Kentucky agriculture, rural communities, and related industries. In recognition of the successful efforts of the program, KREC received an additional $1.96 million federal appropriation in 2008 for renewal of the DOE grant. From the beginning, KREC understood the value of providing a statewide forum for the discussion of Kentucky�s long term energy needs and economic development potential. The new funding allowed KREC to continue to serve as a clearinghouse and support new research and development and outreach programs for energy efficiency and renewable energy.

Berson, R ERic; Dvaid, Keith; McGinley, W Mark; Meduri, Praveen; Clark, Ezra; Dayalan, Ethirajulu; Sumaneskera, Gamini; Donald Colliver, Mahendra Sunkara'

2011-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

257

Protecting high value assets in transit  

SciTech Connect

This paper reports that one of the most daunting tasks facing a security manager is how to protect classified or high value assets such as nuclear materials in transit, especially when the shipment is to be handled by a commercial carrier. There are many opportunities for an adversary to gain access to cargo shipments en route, including situations in which the cargo must be held in storage for weeks or even months. Standard commercial alarm systems are not suitable for use in containers subject to vibration or high and low temperature extremes, or situations in which national assets might be used to gain surreptitious access to the container and to defeat the alarm system. A new alarm monitoring system has been developed to provide a secure auditing system for use in rail cars, Conex containers, and other transportable containers. The system, referred to as the PEL-100, electronically supervises intrusion detection sensors mounted on or within a container, and records all intrusion attempts in a secure, solid state memory storage device. The security archive can be withdrawn and reviewed after the container has completed its travels, and will provide a complete audit trail of intrusion attempts in transit. The PEL-100 includes one of the most comprehensive security tamper systems ever fielded, and is intended to operate reliably and securely in an environment subject to vibration, EMI/RFI emissions, electronic spoofing, and physical manipulation. The unit provides a clear and unambiguous indication of tampering and includes a comprehensive internal security system to detect insider tampering.

Tennefoss, M. (Stellar Systems, Inc. (US))

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Abstract Measurement  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

however, are not well understood in this energy range. This dissertation presents a measurement of the ratio of CC + to CCQE cross-sections for muon neutrinos on mineral oil (CH...

259

A Measuring  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

clozapine. Relation to extrapyramidal side ffects. Arch Gen Psychiatry 1992; 49538-544. Smith M, Wolf AP, Brodie JD, et. al. Serial '*F-N- methylspiroperidol PET studies to measure...

260

15 - Measurement  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary This chapter focuses on the various methods and equipments used in the measurement of liquids and gases in pipelines. Streams that transport mixed natural gas liquids require the use of mass measurement to accurately account for the volume of the components, which make up the mix. Mass measurement eliminates the effects of non-ideal mixing and the need for compressibility factors. The measurement system that provides basic simplicity, reliability, wide acceptance, and the capability of handling variable mix streams without breaking new frontiers in measurement methods is the orifice flow measuring element with online density meter and microprocessor flow computer. The orifice is a static device generally inert to the measured fluid conditions, and calibration consists of simple dimensional measurement and conformance to specified physical tolerances. The second element, the density meter, is an external unit that is easily isolated from the flowing stream for calibration, inspection, and maintenance. The relative insensitivity of CO2 density to small changes in pressure in the primary flow to the orifice meters permits locating the density meter upstream of the meter manifold, thereby serving several meters. The microprocessor flow computer, or third element of the system, is essential to achieve the advantages of integrated mass flow, which comes from the ability of the computer to make computations in essentially "real time." A development program to improve the overall uncertainty of orifice metering was initiated by Shell Pipeline Corporation. The program's goal was to develop an economical method for proving ethylene orifice meters under actual operating conditions. Shell's ethylene systems are operated in the dense phase fluid region due to lower transportation costs. The ethylene meter stations operate in two regions, the dense-phase fluid and single-phase gas regions.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "measured values shown" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Certifying Industrial Energy Efficiency Performance: Aligning Management, Measurement, and Practice to Create Market Value  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Certifying Industrial Energy Efficiency Performance:to improve their energy efficiency- as evidenced by the 98%the renewed interest in energy efficiency worldwide and the

McKane, Aimee; Scheihing, Paul; Williams, Robert

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

What measures climate? A variety of variables including their variability and extreme values determine climate for  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

climate zones? The sun is the ultimate power source for the climate "machine". The uneven distribution conditions. Typical variables to consider are temperature (maximum, miniumum), precipitation (includes rain, sleet, snow, hail, etc), sunlight/cloudiness, wind, humidity, ice cover, sea temperature, etc... Many

Allan, Richard P.

263

Certifying Industrial Energy Efficiency Performance: Aligning Management, Measurement, and Practice to Create Market Value  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

management systems, including ISO 9001:2000, 14001:2004 andmanagement systems, such as ISO 9001:2000, 14001:2004, and

McKane, Aimee; Scheihing, Paul; Williams, Robert

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

A value-of-information approach to measuring risk in multi-period  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for further actions such as to reduce the risk to an acceptable level or to provide enough financial strength its level sets, called regions of acceptability in the risk/return plane (see Figure 1b). Through, which have sufficient return and risk small enough to be acceptable for a decision maker. 2 #12;E

Pflug, Georg

265

AN ANALYSIS OF THE MEASURED VALUES FOR THE STATE OF STRESS IN THE EARTH'S CRUST  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Report No. 1-68. Hadley, K. Personal communication.of stress. Fortunately, Hadley (1977) has made an extensiveof stress compiled by Hadley meet these criteria and have

Jamison, Dennis B.; Cook, Neville G.W.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

AN ANALYSIS OF THE MEASURED VALUES FOR THE STATE OF STRESS IN THE EARTH'S CRUST  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Report No. 1-68. Hadley, K. Personal communication.of stress. Fortunately, Hadley (1977) has made an extensiveof stress compiled by Hadley meet these criteria and have

Cook, Neville G.W.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Weak measurements with a qubit meter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We derive schemes to measure the so-called weak values of quantum system observables by coupling of the system to a qubit meter system. We highlight, in particular, the meaning of the imaginary part of the weak values, and show how it can be measured directly on equal footing with the real part of the weak value. We present compact expressions for the weak value of single qubit observables and of product observables on qubit pairs. Experimental studies of the results are suggested with cold trapped ions.

Shengjun Wu; Klaus Mølmer

2009-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

268

Ecological Screening Values for Surface Water, Sediment, and Soil  

SciTech Connect

This document provides a comprehensive listing of ecological screening values for surface water, sediment, and soil.

Friday, G. P.

1999-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

269

Environmental Values 15 (2006): 27791 2006 The White Horse Press  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Environmental Values 15 (2006): 277­91 © 2006 The White Horse Press Aesthetics in Practice: Valuing compared to other environmental values, is commonly given low priority in policy debates. In this paper I argues that the aesthetic #12;EMILY BRADY 278 Environmental Values 15.3 response is continuous

270

CESP Tool 0.2: Value Brief Presentation  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

CESP Tool 0.2: Value Brief Presentation from the Introduction to Community Energy Strategic Planning.

271

On the Singular Values of Gaussian Random Jianhong Shen  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

On the Singular Values of Gaussian Random Matrices Jianhong Shen Department of Mathematics-Carlo Rota. Abstract This short note is about the singular value distribution of Gaussian ran- dom matrices.d.f. of the singular values directly from the SVD form (singular value decomposition), which also takes advantage

Soatto, Stefano

272

Carbon Value Analysis Tool (CVAT) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Carbon Value Analysis Tool (CVAT) Carbon Value Analysis Tool (CVAT) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Carbon Value Analysis Tool (CVAT) Agency/Company /Organization: World Resources Institute Sector: Energy, Land Topics: Co-benefits assessment, Finance, GHG inventory Resource Type: Software/modeling tools User Interface: Spreadsheet Website: www.wri.org/publication/carbon-value-analysis-tool Cost: Free Carbon Value Analysis Tool (CVAT) Screenshot References: CVAT[1] he Carbon Value Analysis Tool (CVAT) is a screening tool to help companies integrate the value of carbon dioxide emissions reductions into energy-related investment decisions. The tool has two main purposes: To test the sensitivity of a project's internal rate of return (IRR) to "carbon value" (the value of GHG emissions reductions). CVAT integrates this value into traditional financial analysis by ascribing a market price, either actual or projected, to carbon emissions reductions.

273

Measured Performance of Selective Glazings  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Measured Performance of Selective Glazings Measured Performance of Selective Glazings Title Measured Performance of Selective Glazings Publication Type Conference Paper LBNL Report Number LBL-37747 Year of Publication 1995 Authors Klems, Joseph H., Mehry Yazdanian, and Guy O. Kelley Conference Name Thermal Performance of the Exterior Envelopes of Buildings VI Conference Date Published 12/1995 Conference Location Clearwater Beach, FL Call Number LBL-37747 Abstract Measurements of the net heat flow through four selective glazings in comparison with clear double glazing under late summer outdoor conditions are presented. The solar heat gain coefficient (SHGC) for each glazing is extracted from the data and shown to be angle-dependent. Good agreement is found between measured properties and calculations with WINDOW 4.1.

274

Results of in vivo measurements of strontium-90 body-burden in Urals residents: analyses of data obtained 2006-2012  

SciTech Connect

A part of the Urals territory was contaminated with 90Sr and 137Cs in the 1950s as a result of accidents at the "Mayak" Production Association. The paper describes the analysis of in vivo 90Sr measurements in Urals residents. The measurements were performed with the use of whole-body-counter SICH-9.1M in 2006-2012. Totally 5840 measurements for 4876 persons were performed from 2006 to 2012; maximal measured value was 24 kBq. Earlier, similar measurements were performed with SICH-9.1 (1974-1997). Comparison of the results obtained with SICH-9.1 and SICH-9.1M has shown a good agreement of the two data sets.

Tolstykh, E. I.; Bougrov, N. G.; Krivoshchapov, Victor A.; Shishkina, Elena A.; Shagina, N. B.; Degteva, M. O.; Anspaugh, L. R.; Napier, Bruce A.

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Radial temperature variations in cylindrical waveguides and implications for flow measurement  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A quantitative treatment of radial temperature variations in a cylindrical duct on ultrasonic flow meter performance is discussed in the laminar flow regime. First based on the continuity equation the Navier–Stokes equations and an energy equation including loss mechanisms due to heat conduction and viscous effects the steady?state temperature and flow spatial distributions are determined in two cases of practical interest: (a) cylinder wall temperature is maintained at a constant value and (b) cylinder wall temperature decreases linearly with cylinder axial distance. It is shown that while radial temperature variations are insignificant in case (a) radial temperature gradients as large as 100–200 K/m are possible in case (b) for a fixed axial temperature gradient decrease of 0.1 K/m. Such strong temperature gradients have strong and unfortunate consequences for flow measurement. Large flow meter errors—up to several percentages—are possible using typical parameter values for water as medium. Finally it is shown that effective ways exist such as to diminish the influence of temperature gradients on flow meter performance. Besides the obvious choice of insulating the flow meter tube flow measurement errors due to radial temperature variations can be effectively suppressed by reducing the cylinder radius and/or ultrasound frequency.

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Synthesis of multi-qudit Hybrid and d-valued Quantum Logic Circuits by Decomposition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recent research in generalizing quantum computation from 2-valued qudits to d-valued qudits has shown practical advantages for scaling up a quantum computer. A further generalization leads to quantum computing with hybrid qudits where two or more qudits have different finite dimensions. Advantages of hybrid and d-valued gates (circuits) and their physical realizations have been studied in detail by Muthukrishnan and Stroud (Physical Review A, 052309, 2000), Daboul et al. (J. Phys. A: Math. Gen. 36 2525-2536, 2003), and Bartlett et al (Physical Review A, Vol.65, 052316, 2002). In both cases, a quantum computation is performed when a unitary evolution operator, acting as a quantum logic gate, transforms the state of qudits in a quantum system. Unitary operators can be represented by square unitary matrices. If the system consists of a single qudit, then Tilma et al (J.Phys. A: Math. Gen. 35 (2002) 10467-10501) have shown that the unitary evolution matrix (gate) can be synthesized in terms of its Euler angle parameterization. However, if the quantum system consists of multiple qudits, then a gate may be synthesized by matrix decomposition techniques such as QR factorization and the Cosine-sine Decomposition (CSD). In this article, we present a CSD based synthesis method for n qudit hybrid quantum gates, and as a consequence, derive a CSD based synthesis method for n qudit gates where all the qudits have the same dimension.

Faisal Shah Khan; Marek Perkowski

2005-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

277

Data Quality of Quality Measurement Experiments  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Data Quality of Quality Measurement Experiments Data Quality of Quality Measurement Experiments S. Bottone and S. Moore Mission Research Corporation Santa Barbara, California Introduction Quality Measurement Experiments (QME) are a special class of Value-Added Products (VAP). QMEs add value to Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program datastreams by providing for continuous assessment of the quality of incoming data based on internal consistency checks, comparisons between independent similar measurements, or comparisons between measurements and modeled results. Like any datastream, QME datastreams need to be checked for data quality. For each QME, we analyze a representative sample of files from the ARM data archive to determine 'typical' values of the QME variables. We then design outlier tests, specific to each variable, to be applied to

278

Compressive direct measurement of the quantum wavefunction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The direct measurement of a complex wavefunction has been recently realized by using weak-values. In this paper, we introduce a method that exploits sparsity for compressive measurement of the transverse spatial wavefunction of photons. The procedure involves a weak measurement in random projection operators in the spatial domain followed by a post-selection in the momentum basis. Using this method, we experimentally measure a 192-dimensional state with a fidelity of $90%$ using only $25$ percent of the total required measurements. Furthermore, we demonstrate measurement of a 19200 dimensional state; a task that would require an unfeasibly large acquiring time with the conventional direct measurement technique.

Mohammad Mirhosseini; Omar S. Magaña-Loaiza; Seyed Mohammad Hashemi Rafsanjani; Robert W. Boyd

2014-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

279

Energy Star Building Upgrade Value Calculator | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Energy Star Building Upgrade Value Calculator Energy Star Building Upgrade Value Calculator Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Energy Star Building Upgrade Value Calculator (for Office Properties) Agency/Company /Organization: ENERGY STAR Phase: "Evaluate Options and Determine Feasibility" is not in the list of possible values (Bring the Right People Together, Create a Vision, Determine Baseline, Evaluate Options, Develop Goals, Prepare a Plan, Get Feedback, Develop Finance and Implement Projects, Create Early Successes, Evaluate Effectiveness and Revise as Needed) for this property. User Interface: Spreadsheet Website: www.energystar.gov/index.cfm?c=comm_real_estate.building_upgrade_value The Building Upgrade Value Calculator allows practitioners to analyze the

280

Ecological Economics 41 (2002) 509527 SPECIAL ISSUE: The Dynamics and Value of Ecosystem Services: Integrating  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

38, 1 Williams St., Solomons, MD 20688-0038, USA Abstract We estimated global marketed and non-marketed measure of marketed economic output) is correlated with the amount of light energy (LE) emitted: Integrating Economic and Ecological Perspectives Global estimates of market and non-market values derived from

Vermont, University of

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281

Quantum Theory and Spacelike Measurements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Experimentally observed violations of Bell inequalities rule out local realistic theories. Consequently, the quantum state vector becomes a strong candidate for providing an objective picture of reality. However, such an ontological view of quantum theory faces difficulties when spacelike measurements on entangled states have to be described, because time ordering of spacelike events can change under Lorentz-Poincar\\'e transformations. In the present paper it is shown that a necessary condition for consistency is to require state vector reduction on the backward light-cone. A fresh approach to the quantum measurement problem appears feasible within such a framework.

Bernd A. Berg

1998-01-04T23:59:59.000Z

282

Average and recommended half-life values for two neutrino double beta decay  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

All existing positive results on two neutrino double beta decay in different nuclei were analyzed. Using the procedure recommended by the Particle Data Group, weighted average values for half-lives of $^{48}$Ca, $^{76}$Ge, $^{82}$Se, $^{96}$Zr, $^{100}$Mo, $^{100}$Mo - $^{100}$Ru ($0^+_1$), $^{116}$Cd, $^{130}$Te, $^{136}$Xe, $^{150}$Nd, $^{150}$Nd - $^{150}$Sm ($0^+_1$) and $^{238}$U were obtained. Existing geochemical data were analyzed and recommended values for half-lives of $^{128}$Te, and $^{130}$Ba are proposed. Given the measured half-life values, nuclear matrix elements were calculated using latest (more reliable and precise) values for phase space factor. Finally, previous results (PRC 81 (2010) 035501) were up-dated and results for $^{136}$Xe were added.

A. S. Barabash

2015-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

283

Uncertainty and Inference for Verification Measures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

When a forecast is assessed, a single value for a verification measure is often quoted. This is of limited use, as it needs to be complemented by some idea of the uncertainty associated with the value. If this uncertainty can be quantified, it is ...

Ian T. Jolliffe

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Template:LabelValuePair | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

LabelValuePair LabelValuePair Jump to: navigation, search This is the 'LabelValuePair' template. It is typically used to display the results of an ask or sparql query in a simple label: value format. It is used by many pages, including the sub pages for country profiles, and is most frequently called as the template parameter in a query returned as format=template. For more help on this, see Extension:SparqlExtension, Template Help. Parameters label - The label, property or predicate of the query. value - The value or object specified in the query. Usage It should be called in the following format: {{#sparql SELECT ... |format=template |template=LabelValuePair |.. }} Edit the page to see the template text. Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Template:LabelValuePair&oldid=37488

285

Value of a Smart Grid System | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Value of a Smart Grid System Value of a Smart Grid System A broad range of industries have embraced technology in their quest to improve productivity, reduce costs and improve...

286

Tailoring the prototyping process to achieve customer value  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The main objective for prototyping is to get the most value out of the opportunity. Value may take the form of information, performance, displaying production readiness or proving capability for the amount of resources ...

Jordan, Brian Lane

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Public Value Mapping of Equity in Emerging Nanomedicine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Public values failure occurs when the market and the public sector fail to provide goods and services required to achieve the core values of society such as equity (Bozeman 2007...). That public policy for emergi...

Catherine P. Slade

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

LOW-HIGH VALUES FOR PETROLEUM AVERAGE INVENTORY RANGES (MILLION...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

2004 Line Month Low High Number Product Name Geography Month Number Value Value 1 CRUDE OIL (EXCLUDING STRATEGIC PETROLEUM RESERVE) PADD 1 Jan 1 13.7 15.6 2 CRUDE OIL (EXCLUDING...

289

ZERH Webinar: Sales and Value Recognition of Zero Energy Ready...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ZERH Webinar: Sales and Value Recognition of Zero Energy Ready Homes ZERH Webinar: Sales and Value Recognition of Zero Energy Ready Homes December 18, 2014 12:00PM to 1:15PM EST...

290

California Homebuyers Find More Value in Energy-Efficient Labeled...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

California Homebuyers Find More Value in Energy-Efficient Labeled Homes California Homebuyers Find More Value in Energy-Efficient Labeled Homes A photo of a house. During a time...

291

Exploring customer perceived value in mobile phone services  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The purpose of this study is to identify perceived values in mobile phone services, and further explore the relationships among perceived value, customer satisfaction, and customer loyalty. A mediated regression analysis was used and 218 savvy mobile ...

Yung-Shen Yen

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Normalization and missing value imputation for label-free LC...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Normalization and missing value imputation for label-free LC-MS analysis. Normalization and missing value imputation for label-free LC-MS analysis. Abstract: Shotgun proteomic data...

293

THE VALUE OF ECONOMIC DISPATCH A REPORT TO CONGRESS PURSUANT...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

THE VALUE OF ECONOMIC DISPATCH A REPORT TO CONGRESS PURSUANT TO SECTION 1234 OF THE ENERGY POLICY ACT OF 2005 THE VALUE OF ECONOMIC DISPATCH A REPORT TO CONGRESS PURSUANT TO...

294

The Economic Value of Marriage for Same-Sex Couples  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

10/21/2010 11:26 AM THE ECONOMIC VALUE OF MARRIAGE FOR SAME-1081 II. The Economic Value of Marriage: The Practicalissues usefully tap into economic research and reasoning.

Badgett, M.V. Lee

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Impacts of project management on real option values  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

reduces the value of real options. The example of resource allocation is used to test this hypothesis. Based on the results, it is concluded that project management reduces the value of real options by reducing variance of the exercise signal...

Bhargav, Shilpa Anandrao

2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

296

SOURCE OF BURNUP VALUES FOR COMMERCIAL SPENT NUCLEAR FUEL ASSEMBLIES  

SciTech Connect

Waste packages are loaded with commercial spent nuclear fuel (SNF) that satisfies the minimum burnup requirements of a criticality loading curve. The burnup value assigned by the originating nuclear utility to each SNF assembly (assigned burnup) is used to load waste packages in compliance with a criticality loading curve. The burnup provided by a nuclear utility has uncertainties, so conservative calculation methods are used to characterize those uncertainties for incorporation into the criticality loading curves. Procedural safety controls ensure that the correct assembly is loaded into each waste package to prevent a misload that could create a condition affecting the safety margins. Probabilistic analyses show that procedural safety controls can minimize the chance of a misload but can not completely eliminate the possibility. Physical measurements of burnup with instrumentation in the surface facility are not necessary due to the conservative calculation methods used to produce the criticality loading curves. The reactor records assigned burnup of a commercial SNF assembly contains about two percent uncertainty, which is increased to five-percent to ensure conservatism. This five-percent uncertainty is accommodated by adjusting the criticality loading curve. Also, the record keeping methods of nuclear utilities are not uniform and the level of detail required by the NRC has varied over the last several decades. Thus, some SNF assemblies may have assigned burnups that are averages for a batch of assemblies with similar characteristics. Utilities typically have access to more detailed core-follow records that allow the batch average burnup to be changed to an assembly specific burnup. Alternatively, an additional safety margin is incorporated into the criticality loading curve to accommodate SNF assemblies with batch average burnups or greater uncertainties due to the methodology used by the nuclear utility. The utility records provide the assembly identifier, initial {sup 235}U enrichment, and time of discharge from the reactor as well as the assigned burnup, but the distribution. of burnup axially along the assembly length is not provided. The axial burnup profile is maintained within acceptable bounds by the operating conditions of the nuclear reactor and is calculated during preparations to reload a reactor, but the actual burnup profile is not measured. The axial burnup profile is important to the determination of the reactivity of a waste package, so a conservative evaluation of the calculated axial profiles for a large database of SNF has been performed. The product of the axial profile evaluation is a profile that is conservative. Thus, there is no need for physical measurement of the axial profile. The assembly identifier is legible on each SNF assembly and the utility records provide the associated characteristics of the assembly. The conservative methodologies used to determine the criticality loading curve for a waste package provide sufficient margin so that criticality safety is assured for preclosure operations even in the event of a misload. Consideration of misload effects for postclosure time periods is provided by the criticality Features, Events, and Processes (FEPs) analysis. The conservative approaches used to develop and apply the criticality loading curve are thus sufficiently robust that the utility assigned burnup is an adequate source of burnup values, and additional means of verification of assigned burnup through physical measurements are not needed.

BSC

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

NREL Quantifies Value of CSP to the Grid (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

In California study, greater penetration of renewable energy means greater value of CSP with thermal energy storage.

Not Available

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

CONSTRUCTION OF MULTIPLY FIXED n-VALUED MAPS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CONSTRUCTION OF MULTIPLY FIXED n-VALUED MAPS Robert F. Brown Department of Mathematics University of California Los Angeles, CA 90095-1555 e-mail: rfb@math.ucla.edu September 29, 2014 Abstract A self-map, either single-valued or multi-valued, is multiply fixed if every map homotopic to it has at least two

Brown, Robert F.

299

Value for Money Policy Originator name: Ed Nelson & James Newby  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Value for Money Policy Originator name: Ed Nelson & James Newby Department: Business Support Policy and the incorporation of a value for money approach to all its activities. The pursuit of economy, efficiency every penny must be earned, it has a responsibility to achieve value for money from all its activities

Doran, Simon J.

300

The Productive Values of Some Texas Feeding Stuffs.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

......................................... P ...................................... efinition of Terms 5 Digestible Protein 5 ....................................... Procluctive Value 5 Vitamines ............................................. 6...- ' ability to the animal, its vitamine content, its digestible protein and its productive value. The most important of these from the point of --imnl nutrition are the digestible protein and the productive value. DEFINITION OF TERMS. used body...

Fraps, G. S. (George Stronach)

1916-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "measured values shown" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

ARM Evaluation Product : Droplet Number Concentration Value-Added Product  

SciTech Connect

Cloud droplet number concentration is an important factor in understanding aerosol-cloud interactions. As aerosol concentration increases, it is expected that droplet number concentration, Nd, will increase and droplet size decrease, for a given liquid water path (Twomey 1977), which will greatly affect cloud albedo as smaller droplets reflect more shortwave radiation. However, the magnitude and variability of these processes under different environmental conditions is still uncertain. McComiskey et al. (2009) have implemented a method, based on Boers and Mitchell (1994), for calculating Nd from ground-based remote sensing measurements of optical depth and liquid water path. They show that the magnitude of the aerosol-cloud interactions (ACI) varies with a range of factors, including the relative value of the cloud liquid water path (LWP), the aerosol size distribution, and the cloud updraft velocity. Estimates of Nd under a range of cloud types and conditions and at a variety of sites are needed to further quantify the impacts of aerosol cloud interactions.

Riihimaki, Laura

2014-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

302

Measurement of the Speed of Light. II. Wavelength Measurements and Conclusion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

30 June 1977 research-article Measurement of the Speed of Light. II. Wavelength Measurements and Conclusion T. G...this wavelength measurement leads to a value for the speed of light in vacuum of 299 792 459.0 0.6 m/s (Blaney et...

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Federal Energy Management Program: Getting the Best Value with Utility  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Getting the Best Getting the Best Value with Utility Energy Service Contracts to someone by E-mail Share Federal Energy Management Program: Getting the Best Value with Utility Energy Service Contracts on Facebook Tweet about Federal Energy Management Program: Getting the Best Value with Utility Energy Service Contracts on Twitter Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Getting the Best Value with Utility Energy Service Contracts on Google Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Getting the Best Value with Utility Energy Service Contracts on Delicious Rank Federal Energy Management Program: Getting the Best Value with Utility Energy Service Contracts on Digg Find More places to share Federal Energy Management Program: Getting the Best Value with Utility Energy Service Contracts on AddThis.com...

304

Top Quark Mass Measurements  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

First observed in 1995 the top quark is one of a pair of third?generation quarks in the Standard Model of particle physics. It has charge +2/3e and a mass of 171.4 GeV about 40 times heavier than its partner the bottom quark. The CDF and DØ collaborations have identified several hundred events containing the decays of top?antitop pairs in the large dataset collected at the Tevatron proton?antiproton collider over the last four years. They have used these events to measure the top quark’s mass to nearly 1% precision and to study other top quark properties. The mass of the top quark is a fundamental parameter of the Standard Model and knowledge of its value with small uncertainty allows us to predict properties of the as?yet?unobserved Higgs boson. This paper presents the status of the measurements of the top quark mass. It is based on a talk I gave at the Conference on the Intersections of Particle and Nuclear Physics in Puerto Rico May 2006 which also included discussion of measurements of other top quark properties.

A. P. Heinson; CDF Collaboration; DØ Collaboration

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Accurate measurement of the through-plane water content of proton-exchange  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Accurate measurement of the through-plane water content of proton-exchange Accurate measurement of the through-plane water content of proton-exchange membranes using neutron radiography Title Accurate measurement of the through-plane water content of proton-exchange membranes using neutron radiography Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2012 Authors Hussey, Daniel S., Dusan Spernjak, Adam Z. Weber, Rangachary Mukundan, Joseph Fairweather, Eric L. Brosha, John Davey, Jacob S. Spendelow, David L. Jacobson, and Rodney L. Borup Journal Journal of Applied Physics Volume 112 Issue 10 Pagination 104906 Date Published 2012 ISSN 00218979 Keywords electrolyte fuel-cells, in-situ, liquid water, microchannel plate detectors, model, nafion, polymer electrolytes, schroeders-paradox, transport, x-ray-scattering Abstract The water sorption of proton-exchange membranes (PEMs) was measured in situ using high-resolution neutron imaging in small-scale fuel cell test sections. A detailed characterization of the measurement uncertainties and corrections associated with the technique is presented. An image-processing procedure resolved a previously reported discrepancy between the measured and predicted membrane water content. With high-resolution neutron-imaging detectors, the water distributions across N1140 and N117 Nafion membranes are resolved in vapor-sorption experiments and during fuel cell and hydrogen-pump operation. The measured in situ water content of a restricted membrane at 80 degrees C is shown to agree with ex situ gravimetric measurements of free-swelling membranes over a water activity range of 0.5 to 1.0 including at liquid equilibration. Schroeder's paradox was verified by in situ water-content measurements which go from a high value at supersaturated or liquid conditions to a lower one with fully saturated vapor. At open circuit and during fuel cell operation, the measured water content indicates that the membrane is operating between the vapor-and liquid-equilibrated states.

306

Measurement and Modeling of Sorption-Induced Strain and Permeability Changes in Coal  

SciTech Connect

Strain caused by the adsorption of gases was measured in samples of subbituminous coal from the Powder River basin of Wyoming, U.S.A., and high-volatile bituminous coal from the Uinta-Piceance basin of Utah, U.S.A. using a newly developed strain measurement apparatus. The apparatus can be used to measure strain on multiple small coal samples based on the optical detection of the longitudinal strain. The swelling and shrinkage (strain) in the coal samples resulting from the adsorption of carbon dioxide, nitrogen, methane, helium, and a mixture of gases was measured. Sorption-induced strain processes were shown to be reversible and easily modeled with a Langmuir-type equation. Extended Langmuir theory was applied to satisfactorily model strain caused by the adsorption of gas mixtures using the pure gas Langmuir strain constants. The amount of time required to obtain accurate strain data was greatly reduced compared to other strain measurement methods. Sorption-induced changes in permeability were also measured as a function of pres-sure. Cleat compressibility was found to be variable, not constant. Calculated variable cleat-compressibility constants were found to correlate well with previously published data for other coals. During permeability tests, sorption-induced matrix shrinkage was clearly demonstrated by higher permeability values at lower pore pressures while holding overburden pressure constant. Measured permeability data were modeled using three dif-ferent permeability models from the open literature that take into account sorption-induced matrix strain. All three models poorly matched the measured permeability data because they overestimated the impact of measured sorption-induced strain on permeabil-ity. However, by applying an experimentally derived expression to the measured strain data that accounts for the confining overburden pressure, pore pressure, coal type, and gas type, the permeability models were significantly improved.

Eric P. Robertson

2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Automatic determination about precision parameter value based on inclusion degree with variable precision rough set model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The rough set theory provides a powerful approach for attributes reduction and data analysis. The variable precision rough set (VPRS) model, an extension of the original rough set approach, tolerates misclassifications of the training data to some degree, which promotes the applications of rough set theory in inconsistent information systems. However, in most existing algorithms of feature reduction based on VPRS, the precision parameter (?) is introduced as prior knowledge, which restricts their applications because it is not clear how to set the ? value. By studying ?-consistency in the measurement of a decision table and the threshold value of the ?-consistent decision table, this paper presents an algorithm for automatic determination of the precision parameter value from a decision table based on VPRS. At the same time, the precision parameter value from our proposed method is compared with the thresholds from the decision-theoretic rough set (DTRS). The influences of the precision parameter are also discussed on attribute reduction, which shows the necessity of the estimated precision parameter from a decision table. The simulation results including VPRS and other classification methods in real data further indicate that different precision parameter values make a great difference on rules and setting a precise parameter near the threshold value of the ?-consistent decision table can precisely reflect the decision distribution of the decision table.

Yusheng Cheng; Wenfa Zhan; Xindong Wu; Yuzhou Zhang

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Prediction of clock time hourly global radiation from daily values over  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Prediction of clock time hourly global radiation from daily values over Prediction of clock time hourly global radiation from daily values over Bangladesh Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): A need for predicting hourly global radiation exists for many locations particularly in Bangladesh for which measured values are not available and daily values have to be estimated from sunshine data. The CPRG model has been used to predict values of hourly Gh for Dhaka (23.770N, 90.380E), Chittagong (22.270N, 91.820E) and Bogra (24.850N, 89.370E) for = ±7.50, ±22.50, ±37.50, ±52.50, ±67.50, ±82.50 and ±97.50 i.e., for ±1/2, ±3/2, ±5/2, ±7/2, ±9/2, ±11/2, ±13/2 hours before and after solar noon and the computed values for different months are symmetrical about solar noon whereas for many months experimental data show a clear asymmetry. To obtain improved

309

Excess Invariance and Shortfall Risk Measures Jeremy Staum  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-negativity is incompatible with the usual construction of a cash-additive risk measure from an acceptance set. It is shown the set of acceptable portfolios as the primary object, and making the risk measure a description of how far from acceptable the portfolio is. They generate a risk measure from an acceptance set by making

Staum, Jeremy

310

Value of the Motion Camera for Testing Purposes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... shown of twelve pictures taken from a short circuit to earth at a ‘Grid’substation. The arc was struck between a pair of ‘horns’ of an arrester by ...

1933-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

311

Template:ReferenceForValue | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ReferenceForValue ReferenceForValue Jump to: navigation, search This is the ReferenceForValue template. It is used by forms to assign a references to values supplied in the form. This template will generate the additional form field necessary to collect the reference information for the provided form field. Parameters Fieldname - The name of the form field containing the value to be referenced. Note: Parameters can be called in numerical order, or using parameter name. Dependencies Widget:ShowRefFieldsButton - Necessary to toggle the display of the reference fields, which are hidden by default. Usage Use within a form construct like this: {{ReferenceForValue|MyField}} to create a field called "Reference for MyField" which will collect a reference and apply it to the form's template as |ReferenceForMyField=

312

Value of a Smart Grid System | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Value of a Smart Grid System Value of a Smart Grid System Value of a Smart Grid System Implementing a Smart Grid is the effort to move the electric grid from a "static" to a "dynamic" state. Doing so improves the efficiency, reliability and cost-effectiveness of the electrical system's operations, planning and maintenance and creates a system that is interactive with consumers and markets, allowing better energy and dollar savings. Below we summarize the value of the Smart Grid from six perspectives. Value of a Smart Grid System More Documents & Publications Value of a Smart Grid System Smart Grid: Enabler of the New Energy Economy AARP, National Consumer Law Center, and Public Citizen Comments to:DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Smart Grid RFI: Addressing Policy and Logistical

313

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: Construction R-value Calculator  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Construction R-value Calculator Construction R-value Calculator This online calculator calculates the R-value of a large number of common wall and roof constructions given a specified level of insulation. It uses the isothermal planes method to account for thermal bridging of framing material. Keywords R-value, thermal bridging Validation/Testing N/A Expertise Required Basic understanding of construction details is required. Users Approximately 15,000 web hits per month, mainly from New Zealand. Audience Designers and architects, researchers, officials dealing with building regulations Input The user selects the appropriate wall and roof design details from a number of drop-down boxes and enters the R-value of the installed insulation product. Output The program displays the R-value achieved by the wall or roof construction

314

Missouri Value-Added Grant Program (Missouri) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Value-Added Grant Program (Missouri) Value-Added Grant Program (Missouri) Missouri Value-Added Grant Program (Missouri) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Retail Supplier Systems Integrator Transportation Utility Program Info State Missouri Program Type Grant Program Provider Missouri Department of Agriculture The Missouri Value-Added Grant Program provides grants for projects that add value to Missouri agricultural products and aid the economy of a rural community. Grant applications will be considered for value-added agricultural business concepts that: (a) Lead to and result in development, processing and marketing of new or expanded uses or technologies for agricultural products; and (b) Foster agricultural economic development in Missouri's rural communities. Applications will be considered for

315

Austin Energy - Value of Solar Residential Rate (Texas) | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Austin Energy - Value of Solar Residential Rate (Texas) Austin Energy - Value of Solar Residential Rate (Texas) Austin Energy - Value of Solar Residential Rate (Texas) < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Solar Buying & Making Electricity Program Info Start Date 10/01/2012 State Texas Austin Energy, the municipal utility of Austin Texas, offers the Value of Solar rate for residential solar photovoltaic (PV) systems. The Value of Solar tariff, designed by Austin Energy and approved by Austin City Council in June 2012, will be available for all past, present and future residential solar customers beginning October 1, 2012. This tariff replaces net billing for residential solar PV systems no larger than 20 kilowatts (kW). Under this new tariff, residential customers will be credited monthly for their solar generation based on the Value of Solar energy generated from

316

Measurement of mechanical vibrations excited in aluminium resonators by 0.6 GeV electrons  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present measurements of mechanical vibrations induced by 0.6 GeV electrons impinging on cylindrical and spherical aluminium resonators. To monitor the amplitude of the resonator's vibrational modes we used piezoelectric ceramic sensors, calibrated by standard accelerometers. Calculations using the thermo-acoustic conversion model, agree well with the experimental data, as demonstrated by the specific variation of the excitation strengths with the absorbed energy, and with the traversing particles' track positions. For the first longitudinal mode of the cylindrical resonator we measured a conversion factor of 7.4 +- 1.4 nm/J, confirming the model value of 10 nm/J. Also, for the spherical resonator, we found the model values for the L=2 and L=1 mode amplitudes to be consistent with our measurement. We thus have confirmed the applicability of the model, and we note that calculations based on the model have shown that next generation resonant mass gravitational wave detectors can only be expected to reach their intended ultra high sensitivity if they will be shielded by an appreciable amount of rock, where a veto detector can reduce the background of remaining impinging cosmic rays effectively.

G. D. van Albada; E. Coccia; V. Fafone; H. van der Graaf; G. Heijboer; J. W. van Holten; W. J. Kasdorp; J. B. van der Laan; L. Lapikas; G. Mazzitelli; G. J. L. Nooren; C. W. J. Noteboom; J. E. J. Oberski; G. Pallottino; H. Z. Peek; F. Ronga; A. Schimmel; T. G. B. W. Sluijk; P. Steman; J. Venema; P. K. A. de Witt Huberts

2000-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

317

Measured performance of selective glazings  

SciTech Connect

Measurements of the net heat flow through four selective glazings in comparison with clear double glazing under late summer outdoor conditions are presented. The SHGC for each glazing is extracted from the data and shown to be angle-dependent. The method of extracting the angle-dependent SHGC from the data is checked by comparing the measured SHGC for the clear double glazing to the calculation of OW 4. 1, which is assumed to be correct. Good agreement between the two is found. The measured angle-dependent SHGC`s of the selective glazings are then used to test the OW 4.1 selective glazing calculation and good agreement is again found.

Klems, J.H.; Yazdanian, M.; Kelley, G.O.

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Target Value Design: Applications to Newborn Intensive Care Units  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

teams are considering the transition from open-bay NICUs to single-family-room (SFR) units. This paper introduces the guiding principles behind target value design (TVD)—a price-led design methodology that is gaining acceptance in healthcare facility... pioneers. A working knowledge of the TVD framework is important for integrating long-term value into a NICU facility. Lean Construction and the Emergence of Target Value Design Success principles that originated from the Toyota Production System, later...

Rybkowski, Zofia K.; Shepley, Mardelle McCuskey; Ballard, H. Glenn

2015-02-08T23:59:59.000Z

319

Quantum correlation cost of the weak measurement  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Quantum correlation cost (QCC) characterizing how much quantum correlation is used in a weak-measurement process is presented based on the trace norm. It is shown that the QCC is related to the trace-norm-based quantum discord (TQD) by only a factor that is determined by the strength of the weak measurement, so it only catches partial quantumness of a quantum system compared with the TQD. We also find that the residual quantumness can be `extracted' not only by the further von Neumann measurement, but also by a sequence of infinitesimal weak measurements. As an example, we demonstrate our outcomes by the Bell-diagonal state.

Jun Zhang; Shao-xiong Wu; Chang-shui Yu

2014-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

320

Earned Value Management System (EVMS) Certifications | U.S. DOE...  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Project Assessment (OPA) OPA Home About Project Management Processes and Procedures Cost & Contingency EDIA Escalation Rates Earned Value Management System (EVMS)...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "measured values shown" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
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to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Production of Biofuels from High-Acid-Value Waste Oils  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Production of Biofuels from High-Acid-Value Waste Oils ... (1) Biofuel is derived from a renewable, domestic resource, thereby relieving reliance on petroleum fuel imports. ...

Junming Xu; Guomin Xiao; Yonghong Zhou; Jianchun Jiang

2011-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

322

Sandia National Laboratories: PV Value® Tool Featured at Washington...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

recognize the value associated with these high-performance properties. Tagged with: 2014 Green Mortgage Appraisal Roundtable * Energy Sense Finance * Executive Office of the...

323

Quantifying Fl Value of Hydro in Transmission Grid | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

More Documents & Publications Enviro effects of hydrokinetic turbines on fish Pumped Storage Hydropower (Detailed Analysis to Demonstrate Value)-Modeling and...

324

Level: National and Regional Data; Row: Values of Shipments and...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Level: National and Regional Data; Row: Values of Shipments and Employment Sizes; Column: Energy-Consumption Ratios; Unit: Varies. Consumption Consumption per Dollar Consumption...

325

The Value of Information in the Newsvendor Problem  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

effective action. In other ..... values of ?1 affect system performance significantly. Due to the ... As in the previous case, the holding cost appears to only have a.

2007-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

326

Tomographic resolution without singular value decomposition James G. Berryman  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Tomographic resolution without singular value decomposition James G. Berryman Lawrence Livermore an extensive discussion of resolution in seismic inverse problems --- Evans and Achauer 9 state

327

Domestic Demand Response to Increase the Value of Wind Power.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis describes a new method to evaluate the value of wind power combined with domestic demand response. The thesis gives a brief overview of… (more)

Hamidi, Vandad

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Avaya one-XTM Deskphone Value Edition 1603 IP Telephone  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Avaya one-XTM Deskphone Value Edition 1603 IP Telephone User Guide 16-601444 Issue 1 July 2007 #12 ..................................................................................................... 5 Introduction to the 1603 IP Telephone .................................................. 7

329

Earned Value Management System (EVMS) and Project Analysis Standard...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Management System (EVMS) and Project Analysis Standard Operating Procedure (EPASOP)- March 2014 Earned Value Management System (EVMS) and Project Analysis Standard Operating...

330

Earned Value Management System (EVMS) - DOE Directives, Delegations...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

0A, Earned Value Management System (EVMS) by Rick Blaisdell Functional areas: Capital Assets, Contract Management, Program Management, Project Management This Guide provides...

331

Superior Energy Performance: Getting the Most Value from ISO 50001  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This presentation describes ISO 50001 and explains how Superior Energy Performance can help get the most value from implementation of an Energy Management Standard.

332

Optimization Online - Hypotheses testing on the optimal values of ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Jul 24, 2014 ... Hypotheses testing on the optimal values of several risk-neutral or risk-averse convex stochastic programs and application to hypotheses ...

Vincent Guigues

2014-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

333

200 Area Effluent Treatment Facility set-values selection basis  

SciTech Connect

This document identifies the set-values and selection basis to support operation of the 200 Area ETF and 200 Area TEDF.

Crane, A.F., Westinghouse Hanford

1996-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

334

ARSCL Cloud Statistics - A Value-Added Product  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ARSCL Cloud Statistics - A Value-Added Product Y. Shi Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Richland, Washington M. A. Miller Brookhaven National Laboratory Upton, New York...

335

Level: National and Regional Data; Row: Values of Shipments and...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2 Electricity: Components of Net Demand, 2006; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: Values of Shipments and Employment Sizes; Column: Electricity Components; Unit: Million...

336

Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes, Value of...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

6 Capability to Switch Electricity to Alternative Energy Sources, 2010; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes, Value of Shipments and Employment Sizes; Column: Energy...

337

Level: National Data and Regional Totals; Row: NAICS Codes, Value...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2 Capability to Switch Natural Gas to Alternative Energy Sources, 2006; Level: National Data and Regional Totals; Row: NAICS Codes, Value of Shipments and Employment Sizes; Column:...

338

Level: National Data and Regional Totals; Row: NAICS Codes, Value...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

4 Capability to Switch Residual Fuel Oil to Alternative Energy Sources, 2006; Level: National Data and Regional Totals; Row: NAICS Codes, Value of Shipments and Employment Sizes;...

339

Level: National Data and Regional Totals; Row: NAICS Codes, Value...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

6 Capability to Switch Electricity to Alternative Energy Sources, 2006; Level: National Data and Regional Totals; Row: NAICS Codes, Value of Shipments and Employment Sizes; Column:...

340

Level: National Data and Regional Totals; Row: NAICS Codes, Value...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

8 Capability to Switch Distillate Fuel Oil to Alternative Energy Sources, 2006; Level: National Data and Regional Totals; Row: NAICS Codes, Value of Shipments and Employment Sizes;...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "measured values shown" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes, Value of...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

2 Capability to Switch Natural Gas to Alternative Energy Sources, 2010; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes, Value of Shipments and Employment Sizes; Column: Energy...

342

Level: National Data and Regional Totals; Row: NAICS Codes, Value...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

0 Capability to Switch Coal to Alternative Energy Sources, 2006; Level: National Data and Regional Totals; Row: NAICS Codes, Value of Shipments and Employment Sizes; Column: Energy...

343

Level: National Data and Regional Totals; Row: NAICS Codes, Value...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2 Capability to Switch LPG to Alternative Energy Sources, 2006; Level: National Data and Regional Totals; Row: NAICS Codes, Value of Shipments and Employment Sizes; Column: Energy...

344

Robust Waste-to-Value Solution Using Advanced Monitoring and...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Monitoring and Controls Introduction Waste-to-value is a promising and comprehensive wastewater processing solution being pursued by GE that recovers valuable energy and purified...

345

The Value of Energy Storage for Grid Applications  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

The Value of Energy Storage for Grid Applications Paul Denholm, Jennie Jorgenson, Marissa Hummon, Thomas Jenkin, and David Palchak National Renewable Energy Laboratory Brendan...

346

Pollutant measurements Nils Mole, Finn Palmgren & Hao Zhang  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

as the only/main tool for control of com- pliance with limit values; but air pollution measure- ments we deal with measurement techniques and strategies appropriate to major pollutants in both air and water, and also with the effects of unavoidable measurement errors. Pollutant Measurements in Air

Mole, Nils

347

Isotopic noble gas signatures released from medical isotope production facilities - Simulations and measurements  

SciTech Connect

Journal article on the role that radioxenon isotopes play in confirming whether or not an underground explosion was nuclear in nature. Radioxenon isotopes play a major role in confirming whether or not an underground explosion was nuclear in nature. It is then of key importance to understand the sources of environmental radioxenon to be able to distinguish civil sources from those of a nuclear explosion. Based on several years of measurements, combined with advanced atmospheric transport model results, it was recently shown that the main source of radioxenon observations are strong and regular batch releases from a very limited number of medical isotope production facilities. This paper reviews production processes in different medical isotope facilities during which radioxenon is produced. Radioxenon activity concentrations and isotopic compositions are calculated for six large facilities. The results are compared with calculated signals from nuclear explosions. Further, the outcome is compared and found to be consistent with radioxenon measurements recently performed in and around three of these facilities. Some anomalies in measurements in which {sup 131m}Xe was detected were found and a possible explanation is proposed. It was also calculated that the dose rate of the releases is well below regulatory values. Based on these results, it should be possible to better understand, interpret and verify signals measured in the noble gas measurement systems in the International Monitoring of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty.

Saey, Paul R.; Bowyer, Ted W.; Ringbom, Anders

2010-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

348

Calculating concentration index with repetitive values of indicators of economic welfare  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Repetitive values of the ranking indicators of economic welfare are often introduced due to incidental ties or censoring in the welfare variable, or the categorical nature of welfare variables used in numerous national surveys. In calculating concentration index (CI), assigning different fractional ranks to observations that have same values of the welfare measure leads to unstable and inconsistent CI estimates when the welfare variable is categorical or censored. In this paper, we establish an interval within which the CI estimates lie, and propose a solution, which is an extension of (Kakwani, N.C., Wagstaff, A., van Doorslaer, E., 1997. Socioeconomic inequalities in health: measurement, computation, and statistical inference. Journal of Econometrics 77, 87–103), for consistent and replicable estimates of CI when there are a substantial number of ties of the welfare indicator.

Zhuo Chen; Kakoli Roy

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Thinking beyond the shown: implicit inferences in evidence and argument  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......gardless of the cardiovascular risks, to Merck `steamrolling...which in the case of the risks posed by drugs and the etiology...heads. When commercial or political advertisers or legal advocates...consider a lawsuit involving investment banker Martin Siegel. Siegel......

Neal Feigenson; Richard K. Sherwin

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Microscale Nutrient Patches in Planktonic Habitats Shown by Chemotactic Bacteria  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Reports of different swimming behavior displayed...this, we studied swimming behavior of bacteria...important to chemotactic efficiency in this example...20 individuals, swimming in the estimated...free amino-acid pool in a cell of 10...of nutrients and energy in aquatic ecosystems...

Nicholas Blackburn; Tom Fenchel; Jim Mitchell

1998-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

351

Thinking beyond the shown: implicit inferences in evidence and argument  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......AND R. K. SHERWIN has called the `Christmas tree phenomenon'18: jurors may be so dazzled by the `pretty lights' that they would not pay sufficient...are infusing law practice as well. In light of these developments, we believe that......

Neal Feigenson; Richard K. Sherwin

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Dimensions are shown in inch (mm ) Dimensions subject to change  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

pole 1 BCD code 2 BCD complement code 3 Gray code 4 Hexadecimal code Contact Material 3 (STD), Gold 1 SPDT, SP3T, SP4T functions · Rotary binary-decimal and hexadecimal coding Typical Applications · Timers RTE1010N13 10 BCD 65 RTE1000N33 RTE1010N33 10 GRAY 65 RTE1600N43 RTE1610N43 10 HEXADECIMAL 65 PC Mount

Berns, Hans-Gerd

353

Strain-induced vacancy stability shown across an interface |...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

form the most stable interface. These calculations also predict that oxygen vacancies are most stable in the tensile-strained material, and unstable in...

354

Information and noise in quantum measurement  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Even though measurement results obtained in the real world are generally both noisy and continuous, quantum measurement theory tends to emphasize the ideal limit of perfect precision and quantized measurement results. In this article, a more general concept of noisy measurements is applied to investigate the role of quantum noise in the measurement process. In particular, it is shown that the effects of quantum noise can be separated from the effects of information obtained in the measurement. However, quantum noise is required to “cover up” negative probabilities arising as the quantum limit is approached. These negative probabilities represent fundamental quantum-mechanical correlations between the measured variable and the variables affected by quantum noise.

Holger F. Hofmann

2000-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

355

a microsoft white paper Drilling for new Business Value  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a microsoft white paper Drilling for new Business Value How innovative oil and gas companies Technical Strategist, Oil & Gas and Mining, Microsoft Adil Soofi, Enterprise Architect, Microsoft Ernie Perez, Enterprise Architect, Microsoft #12;a microsoft white paper Drilling for new B usiness Value 2

Bernstein, Phil

356

FOREST VALUES IN NORTHERN ONTARIO: PUBLIC TRADEOFFS AND SUSTAINABILITY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

FOREST VALUES IN NORTHERN ONTARIO: PUBLIC TRADEOFFS AND SUSTAINABILITY by Jeff Moore H Management PROJECT TITLE: Forest Values in Northern Ontario: Public Tradeoffs and Sustainability REPORT NO: August 2, 2002 #12;iii ABSTRACT Ecosystem management, which is premised on the goal of sustainability

357

Cultural Waters: Values of Water Resources in Hidalgo, Mexico  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and meanings. These values and meanings, in turn, have a strong influence on how people use water and how they relate to sources and suppliers of water. My study examined the complex and global challenge of managing water by focusing on cultural values...

Hurst, Kristin

2013-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

358

Value of Demand Response Theoretical thoughts Klaus Skytte  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Value of Demand Response ­ Theoretical thoughts Klaus Skytte Systems Analysis Department February 7 A B C MB C' B' DR q'load CP #12;Innovative tariffs · Intelligent demand response · Energy tariffs if the consumers are price elastic. · The value of DR also depends on the fuel and supply mix · Intelligent demand

359

Research grants Daniel Macdonald Total value: $9.4 million  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Research grants ­ Daniel Macdonald Total value: $9.4 million Total value as first investigator: $6, M. Schubert and D Macdonald, `Time- and spectrally resolved photoluminescence for silicon solar cell characterisation', 2012-2015, $490,166. 2. ANU Major Equipment Grant. D Neshev, I Staude, L Fu, D Macdonald, M

360

DETERMINATION OF GUIDANCE VALUES FOR CLOSED LANDFILL GAS EMISSIONS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DETERMINATION OF GUIDANCE VALUES FOR CLOSED LANDFILL GAS EMISSIONS O. BOUR*, S. BERGER**, C Gambetta, 74 000 Annecy SUMMARY: In order to promote active landfill gas collection and treatment or natural attenuation, it is necessary to identify trigger values concerning landfill gas emissions

Boyer, Edmond

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "measured values shown" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Generalization of Rough Sets Using Relationships Between Attribute Values  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Generalization of Rough Sets Using Relationships Between Attribute Values Y.Y. Yao Department2 E-mail: wong@cs.uregina.ca abstract The notion of rough sets is generalized by using an arbitrary attribute values. The adoption of other types of relations enables us to define various classes of rough set

Yao, Yiyu

362

Flexible Neural Representations of Value in the Primate Brain  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the amygdala and OFC to these processes, but a detailed understanding of the physiological mechanisms underlying learning about value remains lacking. To gain insight into these processes, we have focused. We suggest that representations of value in the amygdala may change through multiple interrelated

Salzman, Daniel

363

FORECAST VERIFICATION OF EXTREMES: USE OF EXTREME VALUE THEORY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 FORECAST VERIFICATION OF EXTREMES: USE OF EXTREME VALUE THEORY Rick Katz Institute for Study ON EXTREMES · Emil Gumbel (1891 ­ 1966) -- Pioneer in application of statistics of extremes (Germany, France) Conventional Methods (3) Extreme Value Theory (EVT) (4) Application of EVT to Verification (5) Frost

Katz, Richard

364

Wildlife toxicity extrapolations: Measurement endpoints  

SciTech Connect

Ecotoxicological assessments must rely on the extrapolation of toxicity data from a few indicator species to many species of concern. Data are available from laboratory studies (e.g., quail, mallards, rainbow trout, fathead minnow) and some planned or serendipitous field studies of a broader, but by no means comprehensive, suite of species. Yet all ecological risk assessments begin with an estimate of risk based on information gleaned from the literature. One is then confronted with the necessity of extrapolating toxicity information from a limited number of indicator species to ail organisms of interest. This is a particularly acute problem when trying to estimate hazard to wildlife in terrestrial systems as there is an extreme paucity of data for most chemicals in all but a handful of species. This section continues the debate by six panelists of the ``correct`` approach for determining wildlife toxicity thresholds by examining which are the appropriate measurement endpoints. Should only mortality, growth, or reproductive endpoints be used? Since toxicity threshold values may be used to make management decisions, should values related to each measurement endpoint be presented to allow the risk assessor to choose the measurement endpoint most relevant to the assessment questions being asked, or is a standard approach that uses the lowest value that causes a toxicologic response in any system of the animal a more appropriate, conservative estimate?

Fairbrother, A. [Ecological Planning and Toxicology, Inc., Corvallis, OR (United States); Berg, M. van den [Univ. of Utrecht (Netherlands). Research Inst. of Toxicology

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

365

DOE: Quantifying the Value of Hydropower in the Electric Grid  

SciTech Connect

The report summarizes research to Quantify the Value of Hydropower in the Electric Grid. This 3-year DOE study focused on defining value of hydropower assets in a changing electric grid. Methods are described for valuation and planning of pumped storage and conventional hydropower. The project team conducted plant case studies, electric system modeling, market analysis, cost data gathering, and evaluations of operating strategies and constraints. Five other reports detailing these research results are available a project website, www.epri.com/hydrogrid. With increasing deployment of wind and solar renewable generation, many owners, operators, and developers of hydropower have recognized the opportunity to provide more flexibility and ancillary services to the electric grid. To quantify value of services, this study focused on the Western Electric Coordinating Council region. A security-constrained, unit commitment and economic dispatch model was used to quantify the role of hydropower for several future energy scenarios up to 2020. This hourly production simulation considered transmission requirements to deliver energy, including future expansion plans. Both energy and ancillary service values were considered. Addressing specifically the quantification of pumped storage value, no single value stream dominated predicted plant contributions in various energy futures. Modeling confirmed that service value depends greatly on location and on competition with other available grid support resources. In this summary, ten different value streams related to hydropower are described. These fell into three categories; operational improvements, new technologies, and electricity market opportunities. Of these ten, the study was able to quantify a monetary value in six by applying both present day and future scenarios for operating the electric grid. This study confirmed that hydropower resources across the United States contribute significantly to operation of the grid in terms of energy, capacity, and ancillary services. Many potential improvements to existing hydropower plants were found to be cost-effective. Pumped storage is the most likely form of large new hydro asset expansions in the U.S. however, justifying investments in new pumped storage plants remains very challenging with current electricity market economics. Even over a wide range of possible energy futures, up to 2020, no energy future was found to bring quantifiable revenues sufficient to cover estimated costs of plant construction. Value streams not quantified in this study may provide a different cost-benefit balance and an economic tipping point for hydro. Future studies are essential in the quest to quantify the full potential value. Additional research should consider the value of services provided by advanced storage hydropower and pumped storage at smaller time steps for integration of variable renewable resources, and should include all possible value streams such as capacity value and portfolio benefits i.e.; reducing cycling on traditional generation.

None

2012-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

366

Microsoft Word - ARM Value-Added Product_tech_rpt_v2.doc  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

77 77 An Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Value-Added Product to Retrieve Optically Thin Cloud Visible Optical Depth using Micropulse Lidar October 2006 Chaomei Lo Jennifer M. Comstock Connor Flynn Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Richland, Washington Work supported by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Research, Office of Biological and Environmental Research C Lo, JM Comstock, C Flynn, October 2006, ARM TR-077 iii Contents 1 Introduction .......................................................................................................................................... 1 2 Input Data.............................................................................................................................................

367

Empty values in upload? | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Empty values in upload? Empty values in upload? Home > Groups > Databus Is it possible to upload data to a relational table without providing a value for every column? I.e., if the table has five columns, but a particular upload only has data for 3 of them, can I leave out the other two? Or is there a null value for this? Thanks, Submitted by Hopcroft on 8 October, 2013 - 14:22 1 answer Points: 0 json or csv. For json, it is just "columnanem": null (notice no quotes around null) for csv, I think you just put comma (nothing) comma as in time, col1, col2, col3 4444, "dean", , "value Where col2 is blank......I am pretty sure that works but need to test the csv. I know the json you just specify null. Deanhiller on 8 October, 2013 - 16:20 Groups Menu You must login in order to post into this group.

368

South Dakota Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value (Million Cubic Feet) Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value (Million Cubic Feet) South Dakota Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 1,846 1,947 2,558 2,231 3,431 3,920 4,369 1990's 881 93 1,006 854 1,000 848 0 687 772 702 2000's 648 563 531 550 531 446 455 422 1,099 NA 2010's NA - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 1/7/2014 Next Release Date: 1/31/2014 Referring Pages: Quantity of Natural Gas Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value South Dakota Natural Gas Wellhead Value and Marketed Production

369

Estimating the Value of Electricity Storage Resources in Electricity  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Estimating the Value of Electricity Storage Resources in Estimating the Value of Electricity Storage Resources in Electricity Markets - EAC 2011 Estimating the Value of Electricity Storage Resources in Electricity Markets - EAC 2011 The purpose of this report is to assist the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) in 1) establishing a framework for understanding the role electricity storage resources (storage) can play in wholesale and retail electricity markets, 2) assessing the value of electricity storage in a variety of regions or markets, 3) analyzing current and potential issues that can affect the valuation of storage by investors at the wholesale and retail level, and 4) identifying areas for future research and development for electricity storage technologies and applications. EAC - Estimating the Value of Electricity Storage Resources in Electricity

370

Empty values in upload? | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Empty values in upload? Empty values in upload? Home > Groups > Databus Is it possible to upload data to a relational table without providing a value for every column? I.e., if the table has five columns, but a particular upload only has data for 3 of them, can I leave out the other two? Or is there a null value for this? Thanks, Submitted by Hopcroft on 8 October, 2013 - 14:22 1 answer Points: 0 json or csv. For json, it is just "columnanem": null (notice no quotes around null) for csv, I think you just put comma (nothing) comma as in time, col1, col2, col3 4444, "dean", , "value Where col2 is blank......I am pretty sure that works but need to test the csv. I know the json you just specify null. Deanhiller on 8 October, 2013 - 16:20 Groups Menu You must login in order to post into this group.

371

Indiana Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value (Million Cubic Feet) Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value (Million Cubic Feet) Indiana Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 135 394 367 365 217 412 416 1990's 399 232 174 192 107 249 360 526 615 855 2000's 899 1,064 1,309 1,464 3,401 3,135 2,921 3,606 4,701 4,927 2010's 6,802 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 12/12/2013 Next Release Date: 1/7/2014 Referring Pages: Quantity of Natural Gas Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value Indiana Natural Gas Wellhead Value and Marketed Production

372

Value-Added Stock Loan Participation Program | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Value-Added Stock Loan Participation Program Value-Added Stock Loan Participation Program Value-Added Stock Loan Participation Program < Back Eligibility Agricultural Savings Category Bioenergy Solar Buying & Making Electricity Wind Maximum Rebate RFA provides up to 45% of the loan up to $40,000 of loan principal Program Info Start Date 1994 State Minnesota Program Type State Loan Program Provider Minnesota Department of Agriculture The Value-Added Stock Loan Participation Program was created in 1994 and is designed to help farmers finance the purchase of stock in certain types of cooperative, limited liability company, or limited liability partnership that will produce a "value-added agricultural product." This may include wind energy and anaerobic-digestion cooperatives if they meet the

373

Value creation and the internet: entrepreneurial behaviour in Dutch SMEs  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Although almost all Small- and Medium-sized Enterprises (SMEs) have adopted the internet and e-mail, only those entrepreneurs that realise how these innovations can be applied in their business are able to recognise opportunities to create value. Based on a sample of 614 Dutch SMEs, we examine what factors determine the recognition of such opportunities. Particularly, we argue that the use of the internet and e-mail has a positive relationship to organisational and strategic value creation; that organisational value creation precedes strategic value creation; and that entrepreneurs who are able to actually create strategic value – and thus have actually recognised entrepreneurial opportunities from these technologies – have higher levels of knowledge and experience, are more proactive networkers and have higher levels of entrepreneurial orientation. Our findings suggest that there are clear possibilities for SMEs to capitalise on adopting the internet and e-mail because all the associated factors can be enhanced through choices consciously made by the entrepreneurs.

Marijke Van Der Veen; Ingrid Wakkee

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Estimating the Value of Electricity Storage Resources in Electricity  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Estimating the Value of Electricity Storage Resources in Estimating the Value of Electricity Storage Resources in Electricity Markets - EAC 2011 Estimating the Value of Electricity Storage Resources in Electricity Markets - EAC 2011 The purpose of this report is to assist the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) in 1) establishing a framework for understanding the role electricity storage resources (storage) can play in wholesale and retail electricity markets, 2) assessing the value of electricity storage in a variety of regions or markets, 3) analyzing current and potential issues that can affect the valuation of storage by investors at the wholesale and retail level, and 4) identifying areas for future research and development for electricity storage technologies and applications. EAC - Estimating the Value of Electricity Storage Resources in Electricity

375

The Value of Distributed Generation (DG) under Different Tariff Structures  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

The Value of Distributed Generation (DG) under Different Tariff Structures The Value of Distributed Generation (DG) under Different Tariff Structures Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: The Value of Distributed Generation (DG) under Different Tariff Structures Focus Area: Renewable Energy Topics: Socio-Economic Website: eetd.lbl.gov/ea/emp/reports/60589.pdf Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/value-distributed-generation-dg-under Language: English Policies: "Regulations,Financial Incentives" is not in the list of possible values (Deployment Programs, Financial Incentives, Regulations) for this property. Regulations: Utility/Electricity Service Costs This report examines the standby tariff structures recently implemented in New York as a result of utilities feelings toward distributed generation

376

Developing prototype indicators of value and costs added through public involvement programs  

SciTech Connect

As more managers realize that public input in public sector decision making is a given in the current political and social climate, many are turning to public involvement (PI) as a way to manage the input so that it is beneficial to their decisions and projects. Public involvement is starting to become a familiar way of doing business for the Department of Energy (DOE) and its contractors. DOE and contractors are still unclear about the value and costs that PI can provide to their projects. Proponents claim that PI increases the acceptability of project goals by increasing stakeholders knowledge about and involvement in decisions of importance to them. In spite of these assertions avowing the benefits of PI, proponents have not generated methods that demonstrate or provide evidence of the value added through incorporating PI into projects. As DOE and contract managers are increasingly directed to incorporate public input in their project planning and decision making, questions are beginning to surface about the value and costs of PI as a way to manage that input. There is a pressing need to document the value and costs of PI for the participants in these processes--the stakeholders--and to present this information to decision makers in a way that helps them assess the value and costs of managing public input through a PI program. This research project focuses on developing a series of indicators to assess the value and costs of using public involvement programs to manage public input in decision making processes. The dimensions of public involvement that participants perceive as adding value or costs to projects; and developing ways to measure those dimensions through social indicators and metrics of behavior are outlined.

Lach, D.; Hixson, P.; Silbernagel, M.; Branch, K.; Heerwagen, J.; Bradbury, J.

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

1MIT SDM Systems Thinking Webinar SeriesShailendra Yadav 2010 Analysis of Value Creation and Value  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Value Capture in Microfluidics Market Shailendra Anand Yadav yadav@broadinstitute.org Dec 6, 2010 #12 for further study Bring clarity to understanding of microfluidic innovation ecosystem by applying analytical frameworks Analyze the current state of value capture in microfluidics based on the collected data #12;9MIT

de Weck, Olivier L.

378

Real-time shadow moire vibration measurement: method featuring simple setup, high sensitivity, and exact calibration  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A new, simple low-cost method is presented for real-time measurement of arbitrary vibrations using the shadow moire technique. It is shown, by comparing with holographic measurements,...

Dirckx, J J J; Decraemer, W F; Janssens, J L

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Improving Value in Medicare with an SGR Fix  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...something that the relative-value scale does not do. The use of a relative-value scale with fees adjusted according to the SGR is inconsistent with the renewed interest in value creation in health care. A fee schedule that reimburses physicians on the basis of billing for approximately 8000 discrete service... Congressional attention is being directed toward developing an alternative Medicare reimbursement system that rewards physicians who improve the quality and efficiency of care, rather than trying to fix the sustainable growth rate formula.

Wilensky G.R.

2014-01-02T23:59:59.000Z

380

Web 2.0 business models and value creation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The focus of this study is to propose new internet business models using Web 2.0 applications. Based on the analysis of existing research and industry reports, we classify five basic business models: crowdsourcing, social networking, mashup, product customisation, and open market. These Web 2.0 business models can help create value by increasing efficiency in a company's value chain, delivering new customer value, and expanding the market base. This research provides a good foundation for developing new conceptual and empirical research in this area of IT research.

Sunran Jeon; Sung Tae Kim; Dong Hyun Lee

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "measured values shown" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Method and apparatus of measuring unburned carbon in fly ash  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and apparatus are shown to measure unburned carbon particles in the exhaust of a combustor. Photoacoustic absorption spectrometry is employed to measure the presence of the unburned carbon. Especially helpful in these measurements is a vertically elongated photoacoustic cell in which high flow velocities are maintained to prevent particles from settling. These measurements are useful in determining the efficiency of coal-fired combustors.

Brown, Robert C. (Ames, IA)

1991-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

382

Earned Value Management System RM | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Earned Value Management System RM Earned Value Management System RM Earned Value Management System RM In recent years Department of Energy (DOE) has developed a number of orders, and guidance documents aimed to improve the overall performance of project management and the acquisition of capital assets with the DOE complex. One of the most important activities or products required by DOE O 413.3A, Change 1, Program and Project Management for the Acquisition of Capital Assess, to strengthen the overall performance of project management and the acquisition of capital assets is the Earned Value Management System (EVMS). EVMS allows both government and contractor managers to gain significant insights into technical, cost, and schedule progress of contracts and projects. The implementation of an EVMS is widely recognized

383

Improving consumer value through enhanced performance around the world  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Improving consumer value through enhanced performance around the Improving consumer value through enhanced performance around the world Improving consumer value through enhanced performance around the world LANL statistical tools have helped create Reliability Technology (RT), which increases the overall fraction of productive manufacturing time, or "uptime," for its internal manufacturing lines. April 3, 2012 Improving consumer value through enhanced performance around the world Reliability Technology (RT) is a comprehensive reliability engineering system developed by P&G to increase the overall fraction of productive manufacturing time, or "uptime" for its internal manufacturing lines. The genesis for the system came from the large amount of runtime data collected on P&G's manufacturing lines, coupled with the Laboratory's

384

Earned Value Management System RM | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Earned Value Management System RM Earned Value Management System RM Earned Value Management System RM In recent years Department of Energy (DOE) has developed a number of orders, and guidance documents aimed to improve the overall performance of project management and the acquisition of capital assets with the DOE complex. One of the most important activities or products required by DOE O 413.3A, Change 1, Program and Project Management for the Acquisition of Capital Assess, to strengthen the overall performance of project management and the acquisition of capital assets is the Earned Value Management System (EVMS). EVMS allows both government and contractor managers to gain significant insights into technical, cost, and schedule progress of contracts and projects. The implementation of an EVMS is widely recognized

385

Value Creation from Wood-Based Energy Sources  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The article is structured as follows. The literature on value creation is reviewed in Sect. 11.2, and 11.3 discusses the bioenergy business opportunities that are emerging at the...11.4 describes the research str...

Satu Pätäri; Wim Westerman

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Alternative Value Chains for Biomass Conversion to Chemicals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Whereas biomass conversion is widely envisioned to proceed via platform molecules that are employed as building blocks to produce chemicals, an alternative value chain is proposed that ... and cost effective rout...

Pierre Gallezot

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Object detection with a multistatic array using singular value decomposition  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and system for detecting the presence of subsurface objects within a medium is provided. In some embodiments, the detection system operates in a multistatic mode to collect radar return signals generated by an array of transceiver antenna pairs that is positioned across a surface and that travels down the surface. The detection system converts the return signals from a time domain to a frequency domain, resulting in frequency return signals. The detection system then performs a singular value decomposition for each frequency to identify singular values for each frequency. The detection system then detects the presence of a subsurface object based on a comparison of the identified singular values to expected singular values when no subsurface object is present.

Hallquist, Aaron T.; Chambers, David H.

2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Enriched arabinoxylan in corn fiber for value-added products  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A two-step process is evaluated to separate the hexose component in wet milling corn fibers from the pentose component for production of value-added products. Corn fibers were first pretreated with hot water ... ...

Bin Wang; Biao Cheng; Hao Feng

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Missouri Value-Added Loan Guarantee Program (Missouri)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Missouri Value-Added Loan Guarantee Program provides a 50% first-loss guarantee to lenders who make agricultural business development loans for the acquisition, construction, improvement, or...

390

Kuznetsk Basin coking coal: Reserves and technological value  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Reserves of Kuznetsk Basin coking coal are analyzed, in terms of rank composition and scope for coke production. The technological value of the coal is evaluated by the OOO VNITs Ugol...

V. P. Ivanov; V. Yu. Sushkov; A. A. Torgunakov; S. A. Pantykin

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Selected component failure rate values from fusion safety assessment tasks  

SciTech Connect

This report is a compilation of component failure rate and repair rate values that can be used in magnetic fusion safety assessment tasks. Several safety systems are examined, such as gas cleanup systems and plasma shutdown systems. Vacuum system component reliability values, including large vacuum chambers, have been reviewed. Values for water cooling system components have also been reported here. The report concludes with the examination of some equipment important to personnel safety, atmospheres, combustible gases, and airborne releases of radioactivity. These data should be useful to system designers to calculate scoping values for the availability and repair intervals for their systems, and for probabilistic safety or risk analysts to assess fusion systems for safety of the public and the workers.

Cadwallader, L.C.

1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Selected Component Failure Rate Values from Fusion Safety Assessment Tasks  

SciTech Connect

This report is a compilation of component failure rate and repair rate values that can be used in magnetic fusion safety assessment tasks. Several safety systems are examined, such as gas cleanup systems and plasma shutdown systems. Vacuum system component reliability values, including large vacuum chambers, have been reviewed. Values for water cooling system components have also been reported here. The report concludes with the examination of some equipment important to personnel safety, atmospheres, combustible gases, and airborne releases of radioactivity. These data should be useful to system designers to calculate scoping values for the availability and repair intervals for their systems, and for probabilistic safety or risk analysts to assess fusion systems for safety of the public and the workers.

Cadwallader, Lee Charles

1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

World Best Practice Energy Intensity Values for Selected Industrial Sectors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and 30% of total energy consumption in China. During the30 kWh/ADt 54 for total energy consumption of 11.2 GJ/ADt (leads to a total overall energy consumption value of 11.1

Worrell, Ernst; Price, Lynn; Neelis, Maarten; Galitsky, Christina; Zhou, Nan

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

The Exchange-Value of Solar Thermal Energy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In Sweden there is a tendency that alternative energy will develop on market premises. In this ... I suggest that the low exergy value of solar thermal heat limits the technique“s commodification, i ... . By appl...

Johan Leidi

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

The influence of institutional investors on firm value  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The impact of corporate governance on firm value has been extensively debated by academics and business practitioners. Some studies show that companies that allow minority shareholders to have more control are likely to ...

Lee, Yong Seung

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

The value of contractual terms in office leases  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper uses a comprehensive data set to develop a hedonic model of office rent that estimates values of contractual terms such as tenant improvement allowances, leasing commissions, and options. The model includes ...

Sheehan, Kevin T. (Kevin Thomas)

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

How to Estimate the Value of Service Reliability Improvements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the value of a change in SAIFI that distribution automationa 32.7 percent decrease in SAIFI where the average outagethe new CAIDI, the change in SAIFI needs to be accounted for

Sullivan, Michael J.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Evaluating a continuous improvement initiative using Stakeholder Value Mapping  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Lean implementations have had a mixed record of success in organizations. One possible explanation for this observation is that lean is built upon a value system that is not always shared by the organizations trying to ...

Lathrop, Benjamin H. (Benjamin Hurst)

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

The values and practices associated with high moisture corn  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

THE VALUES AND PRACTICES ASSOCIATED WITH HIGH MOISTURE CORN A Professional Paper by Charles B. Finch Submitted as Partial Fulfillment of the Professional Internship Requirements for the Texas A&M University Degree of Master of Agriculture...THE VALUES AND PRACTICES ASSOCIATED WITH HIGH MOISTURE CORN A Professional Paper by Charles B. Finch Submitted as Partial Fulfillment of the Professional Internship Requirements for the Texas A&M University Degree of Master of Agriculture...

Finch, Charles B

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

400

SOFTWARE RELATEDSOFTWARE-RELATED MEASUREMENT:MEASUREMENT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SOFTWARE RELATEDSOFTWARE-RELATED MEASUREMENT:MEASUREMENT: RISKS AND OPPORTUNITIES CEM KANER, J and lazy? Most managers who I know have tried at least oney g measurement program--and abandoned them: · Measurement theory and how it applies to software development metrics (which, at their core, are typically

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "measured values shown" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Joint measurability, steering and entropic uncertainty  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The notion of incompatibility of measurements in quantum theory is in stark contrast with the corresponding classical perspective, where all physical observables are jointly measurable. It is of interest to examine if the results of two or more measurements in the quantum scenario can be perceived from a classical point of view or they still exhibit non-classical features. Clearly, commuting observables can be measured jointly using projective measurements and their statistical outcomes can be discerned classically. However, such simple minded association of compatibility of measurements with commutativity turns out to be limited in an extended framework, where the usual notion of sharp projective valued measurements of self adjoint observables gets broadened to include unsharp measurements of generalized observables constituting positive operator valued measures (POVM). There is a surge of research activity recently towards gaining new physical insights on the emergence of classical behavior via joint measurability of unsharp observables. Here, we explore the entropic uncertainty relation for a pair of discrete observables (of Alice's system) when an entangled quantum memory of Bob is restricted to record outcomes of jointly measurable POVMs only. Within the joint measurability regime, the sum of entropies associated with Alice's measurement outcomes - conditioned by the results registered at Bob's end - are constrained to obey an entropic steering inequality. In this case, Bob's non-steerability reflects itself as his inability in predicting the outcomes of Alice's pair of non-commuting observables with better precision, even when they share an entangled state. As a further consequence, the quantum advantage envisaged for the construction of security proofs in key distribution is lost, when Bob's measurements are restricted to the joint measurability regime.

H. S. Karthik; A. R. Usha Devi; A. K. Rajagopal

2014-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

402

Heat equation: initial value problem Theorem 1 (Explicit formula). Consider the initial value problem on the real line  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Heat equation: initial value problem Theorem 1 (Explicit formula). Consider the initial value solution is given by u(x, t) = - S(x - y, t) · (y) dy, (8.2) where S(x, t) is the heat kernel defined by S(x, t) = 1 4kt · exp ( - x2 4kt ) . (8.3) Lemma 2 (Heat kernel). The heat kernel (8

Karageorgis, Paschalis

403

Virginia Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value (Million Cubic Feet) Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value (Million Cubic Feet) Virginia Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 4,342 8,928 15,041 15,427 19,223 18,424 17,935 1990's 14,283 14,906 24,734 37,840 50,259 49,818 0 0 0 0 2000's 0 0 0 0 NA NA NA NA NA NA 2010's NA - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 12/12/2013 Next Release Date: 1/7/2014 Referring Pages: Quantity of Natural Gas Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value Virginia Natural Gas Wellhead Value and Marketed Production

404

Oregon Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value (Million Cubic Feet) Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value (Million Cubic Feet) Oregon Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 3 2,790 4,080 4,600 3,800 4,000 2,500 1990's 2,815 2,741 2,580 4,003 3,221 1,923 1,439 1,173 1,067 1,291 2000's 1,214 1,069 837 688 467 433 NA 390 751 751 2010's 1,376 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 12/12/2013 Next Release Date: 1/7/2014 Referring Pages: Quantity of Natural Gas Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value Oregon Natural Gas Wellhead Value and Marketed Production

405

Pennsylvania Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value (Million Cubic Feet) Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value (Million Cubic Feet) Pennsylvania Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 118,372 166,342 150,234 159,889 163,318 167,089 191,774 1990's 177,609 152,500 138,675 189,443 187,113 177,139 0 0 0 0 2000's 0 0 0 0 NA NA NA NA NA NA 2010's NA - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 12/12/2013 Next Release Date: 1/7/2014 Referring Pages: Quantity of Natural Gas Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value Pennsylvania Natural Gas Wellhead Value and Marketed

406

Nebraska Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value (Million Cubic Feet) Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value (Million Cubic Feet) Nebraska Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 2,091 2,300 1,944 1,403 1,261 910 878 1990's 793 785 1,177 1,375 2,098 1,538 1,332 1,194 1,285 1,049 2000's 879 883 892 1,168 1,172 1,172 NA 1,555 3,082 2,908 2010's 2,231 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 12/12/2013 Next Release Date: 1/7/2014 Referring Pages: Quantity of Natural Gas Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value Nebraska Natural Gas Wellhead Value and Marketed Production

407

Level: National Data; Row: Values of Shipments within NAICS Codes;  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

3 Consumption Ratios of Fuel, 2010; 3 Consumption Ratios of Fuel, 2010; Level: National Data; Row: Values of Shipments within NAICS Codes; Column: Energy-Consumption Ratios; Unit: Varies. Consumption Consumption per Dollar Consumption per Dollar of Value NAICS per Employee of Value Added of Shipments Code(a) Economic Characteristic(b) (million Btu) (thousand Btu) (thousand Btu) Total United States 311 - 339 ALL MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES Value of Shipments and Receipts (million dollars) Under 20 405.4 4.0 2.1 20-49 631.3 4.7 2.2 50-99 832.0 4.9 2.3 100-249 1,313.4 6.2 2.8 250-499 1,905.2 7.4 3.6 500 and Over 4,225.4 7.5 3.1 Total 1,449.6 6.4 2.8 311 FOOD Value of Shipments and Receipts (million dollars) Under 20 576.6 5.9

408

Level: National Data; Row: Values of Shipments within NAICS Codes;  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

3 Consumption Ratios of Fuel, 2006; 3 Consumption Ratios of Fuel, 2006; Level: National Data; Row: Values of Shipments within NAICS Codes; Column: Energy-Consumption Ratios; Unit: Varies. Consumption Consumption per Dollar Consumption per Dollar of Value NAICS per Employee of Value Added of Shipments Code(a) Economic Characteristic(b) (million Btu) (thousand Btu) (thousand Btu) Total United States 311 - 339 ALL MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES Value of Shipments and Receipts (million dollars) Under 20 330.6 3.6 2.0 20-49 550.0 4.5 2.2 50-99 830.1 5.9 2.7 100-249 1,130.0 6.7 3.1 250-499 1,961.4 7.6 3.6 500 and Over 3,861.9 9.0 3.6 Total 1,278.4 6.9 3.1 311 FOOD Value of Shipments and Receipts (million dollars) Under 20 979.3 10.3

409

LM tests of spatial dependence based on bootstrap critical values  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract To test the existence of spatial dependence in an econometric model, a convenient test is the Lagrange Multiplier (LM) test. However, evidence shows that, in finite samples, the LM test referring to asymptotic critical values may suffer from the problems of size distortion and low power, which become worse with a denser spatial weight matrix. In this paper, residual-based bootstrap methods are introduced for asymptotically refined approximations to the finite sample critical values of the LM statistics. Conditions for their validity are clearly laid out and formal justifications are given in general, and in detail under several popular spatial LM tests using Edgeworth expansions. Monte Carlo results show that when the conditions are not fully met, bootstrap may lead to unstable critical values that change significantly with the alternative, whereas when all conditions are met, bootstrap critical values are very stable, approximate much better the finite sample critical values than those based on asymptotics, and lead to significantly improved size and power. The methods are further demonstrated using more general spatial LM tests, in connection with local misspecification and unknown heteroskedasticity.

Zhenlin Yang

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Vibration Measurement and Monitoring  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Successful vibration measurement and analysis require an intimate familiarity with types of measurement, transducer characteristics and application, plus the...

V. Schlegel

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Heterodyne vibration measurement  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Analytic expressions are derived for the vibration amplitude and frequency in a heterodyne measurement method. The measurement accuracy is estimated.

A. A. Titov

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Number-phase uncertainty relations: Verification by balanced homodyne measurement  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It is shown that fundamental uncertainty relations between photon number and canonical phase of a single-mode optical field can be verified by means of a balanced homodyne measurement. All the relevant quantities can be sampled directly from the measured phase-dependent quadrature distribution.

T. Opatrný; M. Dakna; D.-G. Welsch

1998-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Differential GPS Measurement of Overhead Conductor Sag: Software Implementation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

that can measure the sag of overhead transmission conductors for 69 kV circuits and above. The instrument rating of a transmission-line conductor. The software can be used in an on-line energy manage- ment line near the conductors that effectively measures the electric field. A typical GUI screen is shown

414

Assessor Training Measurement Uncertainty  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NVLAP Assessor Training Measurement Uncertainty #12;Assessor Training 2009: Measurement Uncertainty Training 2009: Measurement Uncertainty 3 Measurement Uncertainty ·Calibration and testing labs performing Training 2009: Measurement Uncertainty 4 Measurement Uncertainty ·When the nature of the test precludes

415

(1) A Handbook of Physics Measurements (2) Notes on Magnetism: For the Use of Students of Electrical Engineering  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... (1) IN the two volumes forming “A Handbook of ... of Physics Measurements” are given the theory and manipulation of those experiments which experience has shown ...

H. S. A.

1920-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

416

Seasonal variation of carbon monoxide in northern Japan: Fourier transform IR measurements and source-labeled model calculations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

doi:10.1029/2002JD003093. Stricker, N. C. M. , A. Hahne, D.satellite measurements [ Stricker et al . , 1995] are shown

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Home Retrofits Save Money, Add Value | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Home Retrofits Save Money, Add Value Home Retrofits Save Money, Add Value Home Retrofits Save Money, Add Value February 22, 2010 - 11:40am Addthis Joshua DeLung What are the key facts? Tanya $41,000 in home upgrades were possible through the Energy Independence Program. Tanya to pay back the money through installments on her property taxes. After she did the upgrades, Tanya's energy bills are now down 50 percent. As the real estate business rebounds, homebuilders are seeing some growth because of a new nationwide awareness of energy efficiency and the money it can save homeowners. Tanya Narath, of Santa Rosa, Calif., was already taking advantage of renewable energy and green building techniques - her home has had solar panels on its roof for years, and solar tubes draw in natural light to brighten even the darkest spaces of the home. But then Tanya had an energy

418

Home Retrofits Save Money, Add Value | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Home Retrofits Save Money, Add Value Home Retrofits Save Money, Add Value Home Retrofits Save Money, Add Value February 22, 2010 - 11:40am Addthis Joshua DeLung What are the key facts? Tanya $41,000 in home upgrades were possible through the Energy Independence Program. Tanya to pay back the money through installments on her property taxes. After she did the upgrades, Tanya's energy bills are now down 50 percent. As the real estate business rebounds, homebuilders are seeing some growth because of a new nationwide awareness of energy efficiency and the money it can save homeowners. Tanya Narath, of Santa Rosa, Calif., was already taking advantage of renewable energy and green building techniques - her home has had solar panels on its roof for years, and solar tubes draw in natural light to brighten even the darkest spaces of the home. But then Tanya had an energy

419

Unlocking Customer Value: The Virtual Power Plant | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Unlocking Customer Value: The Virtual Power Plant Unlocking Customer Value: The Virtual Power Plant Unlocking Customer Value: The Virtual Power Plant The utility world has changed drastically in the last 10 years. New technologies like Smart Meters and fully functional Smart Grid concepts have made large inroads into the utility space and no one should want to be left behind. Utilities also face additional pressures from regulatory bodies who are continuing to encourage carbon reduction and greater customer flexibility. Utilities need to balance these new requirements with the financial obligations of providing reliable power (at a reasonable price) while attempting to meet shareholder expectations. Each of these goals are not necessarily complimentary, thus utilities need to determine how to address each one.

420

Unlocking Customer Value: The Virtual Power Plant | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Unlocking Customer Value: The Virtual Power Plant Unlocking Customer Value: The Virtual Power Plant Unlocking Customer Value: The Virtual Power Plant The utility world has changed drastically in the last 10 years. New technologies like Smart Meters and fully functional Smart Grid concepts have made large inroads into the utility space and no one should want to be left behind. Utilities also face additional pressures from regulatory bodies who are continuing to encourage carbon reduction and greater customer flexibility. Utilities need to balance these new requirements with the financial obligations of providing reliable power (at a reasonable price) while attempting to meet shareholder expectations. Each of these goals are not necessarily complimentary, thus utilities need to determine how to address each one.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "measured values shown" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Getting the Best Value with Utility Energy Service Contracts | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Project Funding » Utility Energy Service Contracts » Getting the Project Funding » Utility Energy Service Contracts » Getting the Best Value with Utility Energy Service Contracts Getting the Best Value with Utility Energy Service Contracts October 7, 2013 - 2:20pm Addthis Federal agencies benefit from lessons learned during utility energy service contracts (UESCs). Over the years, best practices to get the best value from UESCs have been identified from successful UESC projects. While each Federal facility and its relationship with serving utilities is unique, considering lessons learned across these topics can make UESCs more successful and easier to implement: Financing Decreasing Interest Buydown and Buyout Approaches Contract Competition Diversifying Project Portfolios. Read about 10 ways to lower perceived risks to ensure UESC success.

422

Discussion the Traceability of Quantity Value of Digital Watthour Meter  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

To resolve the traceability of quantity value and calibration of digital watt-hour meter, in this paper introduced working principium of digital electric power metering system briefly, and analyzed the main origin of error from the theory of digital watt-hour meter and its calibration device. This paper also proposed new verification method of digital watt-hour meter calibration device and project of digital watt-hour meter traceability of quantity value. The method is used in digital signal generator calibration. The traceability project is traceability to the national primary standard which is corresponding to the device using in the method. The project in this paper, which is figure out verification and traceability of quantity value from main origin of error, provides a reasonable approach to traceability of digital watt-hour meter and a useful reference to decriminalization of digital metrology. Meantime, the scheme provides strong technical support for construction of digital transformer substation and “Smart Strong Grid”.

Meng Xiangfu; Liu Yuchao; Wang Yuhua

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Chemical conversion of energetic materials to higher value products  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this project is to develop new and innovative solutions for the disposal of surplus energetic materials. Disposal through open burning/open detonation (OB/OD) is less attractive today due to environmental, cost and safety concerns. We are examining the use of military high explosives as raw materials for the production of higher value products useful in civilian and military applications. We have developed scenarios where Explosive D and TNT can be used as raw materials for industrial processes to produce higher value products. 1,2 The use of Explosive D as a precursor to picramide, an intermediate potentially useful for the production of many higher value products, is illustrated in Figure 1.

Mitchell, A. R., LLNL

1998-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Improved value for the silicon free exciton binding energy  

SciTech Connect

The free exciton binding energy is a key parameter in silicon material and device physics. In particular, it provides the necessary link between the energy threshold for valence to conduction band optical absorption and the bandgap determining electronic properties. The long accepted low temperature binding energy value of 14.7 ± 0.4 meV is reassessed taking advantage of developments subsequent to its original determination, leading to the conclusion that this value is definitely an underestimate. Using three largely independent experimental data sets, an improved low temperature value of 15.01 ± 0.06 meV is deduced, in good agreement with the most comprehensive theoretical calculations to date.

Green, Martin A., E-mail: m.green@unsw.edu.au [Australian Centre for Advanced Photovoltaics, School of Photovoltaic and Renewable Energy Engineering, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia 2052 (Australia)

2013-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

425

NETL: Utilization Projects - Value Added Products from FGD Sulfite rich  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Value Added Products from FGD Sulfite rich Scrubber Material Value Added Products from FGD Sulfite rich Scrubber Material In pursuit of developing value added products from sulfite-rich scrubber material, e.g., low-density panels, carpet underlayment, siding, pre-cast building material, lumber panels, particle and wafer type boards, the following four experimental tasks are proposed: A comprehensive characterization of sulfite-rich scrubber materials produced by power plant generation. Specifically, the mercury, selenium, arsenic, boron, and organic content will be monitored The sulfite-rich scrubber material will be combined with cheap but renewable agricultural byproducts like micronized core fibers and/or micronized wheat straw, and the composites will be formulated by exploiting the natural polymers of the byproducts. The conditions under which structural composites can be formulated using injection molding and compressive molding will be evaluated.

426

ARM - Evaluation Product - Droplet Number Concentration Value-Added Product  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ProductsDroplet Number Concentration Value-Added ProductsDroplet Number Concentration Value-Added Product Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Evaluation Product : Droplet Number Concentration Value-Added Product 2005.01.01 - 2010.12.30 Site(s) SGP General Description Cloud droplet number concentration is an important factor in understanding aerosol-cloud interactions. As aerosol concentration increases, it is expected that droplet number concentration, Nd, will increase and droplet size decrease, for a given liquid water path (Twomey 1977), which will greatly affect cloud albedo as smaller droplets reflect more shortwave radiation. However, the magnitude and variability of these processes under different environmental conditions is still uncertain. McComiskey et al.

427

High Q-value resonators for the SHF-region based on TBCCO-films  

SciTech Connect

The authors used a sapphire dielectric resonator with a copper cylindrical shield and two endplates replaced by HTS layers for very accurate surface resistance measurements of TBCCO films made by the two step method. This technique allows for the preparation of high quality 2-in diameter Tl-2223 superconducting films with surface resistance values (R{sub s}) smaller than 100 {micro}{Omega} at 5.6 GHz and 77 K. The use of these films in sapphire dielectric resonators yields resonators for the C-band with very high unloaded quality factors (Q{sub o} > 2 {times} 10{sup 6} at 77 K). Such high Q{sub o}-values are not reached with any conventional resonators of comparable size.

Manzel, M.; Huber, S.; Bruchlos, H.; Bornmann, S.; Goernert, P. [Inst. fuer Physikalische Hochtechnologie, Jena (Germany)] [Inst. fuer Physikalische Hochtechnologie, Jena (Germany); Klinger, M.; Stiller, M. [Forschungsgesellschaft fuer Informationstechnik, Bad Salzdetfurth (Germany)] [Forschungsgesellschaft fuer Informationstechnik, Bad Salzdetfurth (Germany)

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Financial Value Calculator | ENERGY STAR Buildings & Plants  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Financial Value Calculator Financial Value Calculator Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us Portfolio Manager Login Facility owners and managers Existing buildings Commercial new construction Industrial energy management Small business Service providers Service and product providers Verify applications for ENERGY STAR certification Design commercial buildings Energy efficiency program administrators Commercial and industrial program sponsors Associations State and local governments Federal agencies Tools and resources Training In This Section Campaigns Commercial building design Communications resources Energy management guidance Financial resources Portfolio Manager Products and purchasing Recognition Research and reports Service and product provider (SPP) resources Success stories Target Finder

429

Energy Efficiency and Value: Opportunities for Investors | ENERGY STAR  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Efficiency and Value: Opportunities for Investors Efficiency and Value: Opportunities for Investors Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us Portfolio Manager Login Facility owners and managers Existing buildings Commercial new construction Industrial energy management Small business Service providers Service and product providers Verify applications for ENERGY STAR certification Design commercial buildings Energy efficiency program administrators Commercial and industrial program sponsors Associations State and local governments Federal agencies Tools and resources Training In This Section Campaigns Commercial building design Communications resources Energy management guidance Financial resources Portfolio Manager Products and purchasing Recognition Research and reports Service and product provider (SPP) resources Success stories

430

Value increasing business model for e-hospital  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper developed a business value increasing model for electronic hospital (e-hospital) based on electronic value chain analysis. From this model, 58 hospital electronic business (e-business) solutions were developed. Additionally, this paper investigated the adoption patterns of these 58 e-business solutions within six US leading hospitals. The findings show that only 36 of 58 or 62% of the e-business solutions are fully or partially implemented within the six hospitals. Ultimately, the research results will be beneficial to managers and executives for accelerating e-business adoptions for e-hospital.

Robert Null; June Wei

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

BOUNDARY VALUE BOUNDARY VALUE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

bibliographical references and index. ISBN X-XXX-XXXXX-X Series. Printed in the United States of America. 10 9 8 7 University of California, San Diego La Jolla, CA A JOHN WILEY & SONS, INC., PUBLICATION #12;Copyright c 2011 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, New Jersey

Holst, Michael J.

432

Statistical correlation between hourly and daily values of solar radiation on horizontal surface at sea level in the Italian climate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

219- Statistical correlation between hourly and daily values of solar radiation on horizontal- nalières du rayonnement solaire. Abstract. 2014 The knowledge of hourly data of solar radiation is required data measured in Italian stations and propose a method to estimate hourly solar radiation

Boyer, Edmond

433

Test-Cost Sensitive Classification on Data with Missing Values  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Test-Cost Sensitive Classification on Data with Missing Values Qiang Yang, Senior Member, IEEE, Charles Ling, Xiaoyong Chai, and Rong Pan Abstract--In the area of cost-sensitive learning, inductive learning algorithms have been extended to handle different types of costs to better represent

Yang, Qiang

434

Recreation Values of Forests and Parks [and Discussion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

10 July 1975 research-article Recreation Values of Forests and Parks [and Discussion...increase the need for multiple land use. Recreation in forested areas is therefore an important...some examples from the Netherlands. Recreation planning is surveyed in three successive...

1975-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

BOUNDARY VALUE PROBLEMS FOR THE SHALLOW WATER EQUATIONS WITH TOPOGRAPHY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

BOUNDARY VALUE PROBLEMS FOR THE SHALLOW WATER EQUATIONS WITH TOPOGRAPHY MING-CHENG SHIUE, JACQUES LAMINIE, ROGER TEMAM, AND JOSEPH TRIBBIA Abstract. In this article, the nonviscous shallow water equations) for subcritical and supercritical flows are associated with these equations. The semi- discrete cental

Temam, Roger

436

How players value their characters in world of warcraft  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Characters in games such as World of Warcraft allow players to act in the game world and to interact with others. Game characters and avatars are a mediated form of self-representation for the player, but some research suggests that players also view ... Keywords: avatars, character value, characters, world of warcraft

Ian J. Livingston; Carl Gutwin; Regan L. Mandryk; Max Birk

2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Reserve asset values and the "hotelling valuation principle"  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Hotelling Valuation Principle, that the in-situ value of a mineral unit equals the current net price, is a special case of a more general relation. Tested against a set of recent Canadian sales of oil and gas reserves, ...

Adelman, Morris Albert

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

A DUAL APPROACH TO COMPROMISE VALUES J. M. BILBAO  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

coincides, for a wide class of cost games, with the alternate cost avoided (ACA) allocation proposed is to analyse the Tijs value as a solution concept for cost allocation problems. Given a cost game c, we define. The worth of a coalition is interpreted as the maximal profit or minimal cost for the players in their own

Bilbao Arrese, Jesús Mario

439

Oak Ridge National Laboratory's Values in the Conduct of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

#12;Oak Ridge National Laboratory's Values in the Conduct of Research and Development Prepared RIDGE NATIONAL LABORATORY Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831-6285 operated by LOCKHEED MARTIN ENERGY RESEARCH in the Conduct of Research and Development Introduction No quality of the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL

440

Value of Energy Storage for Grid Applications (Report Summary) (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

This analysis evaluates several operational benefits of electricity storage, including load-leveling, spinning contingency reserves, and regulation reserves. Storage devices were simulated in a utility system in the western United States, and the operational costs of generation was compared to the same system without the added storage. This operational value of storage was estimated for devices of various sizes, providing different services, and with several sensitivities to fuel price and other factors. Overall, the results followed previous analyses that demonstrate relatively low value for load-leveling but greater value for provision of reserve services. The value was estimated by taking the difference in operational costs between cases with and without energy storage and represents the operational cost savings from deploying storage by a traditional vertically integrated utility. The analysis also estimated the potential revenues derived from a merchant storage plant in a restructured market, based on marginal system prices. Due to suppression of on-/off-peak price differentials and incomplete capture of system benefits (such as the cost of power plant starts), the revenue obtained by storage in a market setting appears to be substantially less than the net benefit provided to the system. This demonstrates some of the additional challenges for storage deployed in restructured energy markets.

Denholm, P.; Jorgenson, J.; Hummon, M.; Jenkin, T.; Palchak, D.; Kirby, B.; Ma, O.; O'Malley, M.

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "measured values shown" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Bioenergy Production Pathways and Value-Chain Components  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Bioenergy Production Pathways and Value-Chain Components Prepared for the U.S. Department of Energy on Life Cycle Analyses of Bioenergy Systems Prepared by Hawai`i Natural Energy Institute School of Ocean or reflect those of the United States Government or any agency thereof. #12;Bioenergy Production Pathways

442

Essays on Product Recalls, New Product Preannouncements, and Shareholder Value  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.......................................................................... 1 CHAPTER II DETERMINANTS OF THE LONG-TERM EFFECTS OF PRODUCT RECALLS ON SHAREHOLDER VALUE: AN EMPIRICAL ANALYSIS OF THE AUTOMOBILE INDUSTRY ................................................ 4 Introduction... ............................................................................... 101 1 CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION Companies increasingly face crises involving harm created by their products, ranging from defective automobile recalls, lead paint in toys, faulty medical devices, and contaminated food products, which often...

Yun, Wonjoo

2014-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

443

China Textile in Global Value Chain Jean RUFFIER  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 China Textile in Global Value Chain Jean RUFFIER CNRS searcher, CEFC, Centre d'Etudes Français, local governments, traders and westerns companies. China's industrial take-off surprised economists, but it now lasted for twenty years with the industrial growth rate still higher than 10%. China has changed

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

444

EVALUATION OF VALUE CREATION CONCEPTS IN SINGLE FAMILY RESIDENTIAL SUBDIVISIONS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

values. The study sample is composed of 6,562 single family houses nested in 85 subdivisions in College Station, Texas. Data are composed of two levels: the housing level and the subdivision level. The scores of the sense of arrival were provided...

Shin, Woo Jin

2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

445

Values of Various Protein Feeds for Growing Chicks.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Chicks AGRICULTURAL AND MECHANICAL COLLEGE OF TEXAS T. 0. WALTON, President [Blank Page in Original Bulletin] This bulletin contains a report of six experiments which were conducted to learn more about the supplemental value of fish meal, meat... results should be secured from the better commercial feed mixtures and formulas given in this bulletin. CONTENTS Page Introduction ..................................................... 5 A Review of Literature...

Couch, James Russell; Sherwood, R. M. (Ross Madison)

1940-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

The role of espoused national cultural values in technology acceptance  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Prior research has examined age, gender, experience, and voluntariness as the main moderators of beliefs on technology acceptance. This paper extends this line of research beyond these demographic and situational variables. Motivated by research that ... Keywords: TAM, adoption, culture, espoused cultural values, individualism/collectivism, masculinity/femininity, power distance, technology acceptance, uncertainty avoidance

Mark Srite; Elena Karahanna

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

The value of spatial information in MPA network design  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Environmental Science and Management, b Marine Science Institute, and c Institute for Computational Earth System) The science of spatial fisheries management, which combines ecology, oceanography, and economics, has matured information has the potential to change management approaches and thus has value. We develop a general

Siegel, David A.

448

Video game values: Human–computer interaction and games  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......research-article Articles HCI Issues in Computer Games Video game values: Human-computer interaction...human-computer interaction (HCI) research into video games rarely considers how they are different...design, does not address the nature of video games as games specifically. Unlike most......

Pippin Barr; James Noble; Robert Biddle

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Training Needs in Louisiana's Value-Added Forest Products Industry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Training Needs in Louisiana's Value-Added Forest Products Industry Richard VloskyRichard Vlosky Director, Louisiana Forest Products Development CenterDirector, Louisiana Forest Products DevelopmentLSU Agricultural Center England Air ParkEngland Air Park--January 18, 2005January 18, 2005 Louisiana Forest

450

FTC charges insulation manufacturer with overrated R-value claims  

SciTech Connect

The Federal Trade Commission accusses Thermtron Products of overstating the R-value of its cellulose insulation and failing to substantiate its 50% energy savings claim. The case was settled out of court, with Thermtron paying a penalty and agreeing to make adjustments to dissatisfied customers. The company has since corrected its advertising and labeling. (DCK)

Warrock, A.M.

1983-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

451

Analytic Functions in Smirnov Classes Ep Real Boundary Values  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Analytic Functions in Smirnov Classes Ep with Real Boundary Values L. De Castro and D. Khavinson. [1] Ch. 10.) Definition 1. An analytic function f(z) in G is said to belong to the class Ep (G) for p known that for p 1 functions in Ep -classes can be represented as Cauchy integrals of their boundary

Khavinson, Dmitry

452

Wood Products Marketing And Value-Added Opportunities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wood Products Marketing And Value-Added Opportunities Richard Vlosky, Ph.D. Professor-Forest Products Marketing Interim Director-Louisiana Forest Products Laboratory School of Renewable Natural, R.E. Taylor & Associates Ltd. Forest Industry Strategic Services & Publisher: WOOD Markets Monthly

453

Wood Products Marketing And Value-Added Opportunities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wood Products Marketing And Value-Added Opportunities In Latin America: A Focus on Brazil Richard Vlosky, Ph.D. Professor-Forest Products Marketing Interim Director-Louisiana Forest Products Laboratory Industry Strategic Services & Publisher: WOOD Markets Monthly newsletter WOOD Markets 2002 - The Solid Wood

454

International Projects: Food Grant value over $250,000  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

practices and build a sustainable economy. AgShare Open Education Resources is an 18-month pilot projectInternational Projects: Food Grant value over $250,000 College Project Title Department Region, crops and agribusiness COLLEGE OF AGRICULTURE & NATURAL RESOURCES Improving the Inclusiveness

455

Free Extreme Values Gerard Ben Arous and Dan Virgil Voiculescu  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Free Extreme Values Gerard Ben Arous and Dan Virgil Voiculescu New York University and University at Berkeley Berkeley, CA 94720-3840 E-mail:dvv@math.berkeley.edu Abstract: Free probability analogues- sification of freely max-stable laws and their domains of attraction, using "free extremal convolutions

Ben Arous, Gérard

456

The Value of New Jersey's Ecosystem Services and Natural Capital  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

temporary storage of flood waters by wetlands, long-term storage of climate-altering greenhouse gases long-term stream of benefits to individual people and to society as a whole; the value of natural in forests, dilution and assimilation of wastes by rivers, and numerous others. All of these services provide

457

Marketing Basics for Value-added Agriculture Chuck Willoughby  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

171-1 Marketing Basics for Value-added Agriculture Chuck Willoughby FAPC Business & Marketing of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources Many people think of marketing either as selling or advertising. Some might include both components, but that is not all there is to marketing according to Jay Levinson

Balasundaram, Balabhaskar "Baski"

458

The Value of Lead Logistics Services Oliver Schneider1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Value of Lead Logistics Services Oliver Schneider1 , Andr� Lindner2 1 ETH Zurich, Center Schindellegi, Switzerland andre.lindner@kuehne-nagel.com Abstract. Logistics Services are one of the most was developed in a collaborative action research project with a world leading provider of lead logistics

Boyer, Edmond

459

Lean Supply Chain Management Value Stream Mapping & Logistics Costs Tracking  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Lean Supply Chain Management Value Stream Mapping & Logistics Costs Tracking Supply Chain (physical, informational, financial) in order to have better insight on the logistics costs and the transit Stream Mapping method. The analysis is mainly focused on the global logistics and the production planning

Dalang, Robert C.

460

Estimation of Radiation Resistance Values of Microorganisms in Food Products  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Weibull 12D equivalent of a radiation process, or the minimal radiation dose (MRD), for cured ham...experimental sterilizing dose (ESD) and the Schmidt-Nank...9 Printed in U.S.A Estimation of Radiation Resistance Values of Microorganisms...

Abe Anellis; Stanley Werkowski

1968-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "measured values shown" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Estimating Hydrologic Values for Planning Wildland Fire Protection1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Estimating Hydrologic Values for Planning Wildland Fire Protection1 Henry W. Anderson and Clinton B- quencies under various levels of protection in the area, and (c) the effects of those fires-26, 1981, San Diego, California. 2 Consulting Hydrologist, Lafayette, California, Assistant Chief of Fire

Standiford, Richard B.

462

Multi-valued Logics, Effectiveness and Domains Giangiacomo Gerla  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with the related fuzzy subset of logical consequences. Now it is evident that a basic task for fuzzy logic that the fuzzy subset of consequences of a "decidable" fuzzy subset of axioms is "effectively enumerable". To do of truth values is a continuum. More precisely, density is suggested by the existence of intermediate

Gerla, Giangiacomo

463

HOW CONSUMERS VALUE FUEL ECONOMY: A LITERATURE REVIEW  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

......................................... xiii 1 Passenger Car and Light Truck Fuel Economy, Fuel Economy Standards and the Price of GasolineHOW CONSUMERS VALUE FUEL ECONOMY: A LITERATURE REVIEW David L. Greene Oak Ridge National ...............................................................................................................1 2. ALTERNATIVE MODELS OF CONSUMERS' EVALUATION OF FUEL ECONOMY

464

Identification of Owner’s Project Value Interests  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, schedule and engineering specifications that must be met; but there are other attributes of a project that are not always immediately evident; yet, when implemented, can add significant value. A delivered project that meets cost, schedule, engineering... ........................................................................ 27 Table 4 Description of Case Study Project ............................................................ 36 Table 5 Sensitivity of Meet the Cost Objective ..................................................... 37 Table 6 Sensitivity of Meet...

Gunby, Molly Gaynell

2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

465

ORIGINAL PAPER The conservation value of restored landfill sites  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ORIGINAL PAPER The conservation value of restored landfill sites in the East Midlands, UK landfill sites. However, this potential largely remains unexplored. In this study, birds were counted using point sampling on nine restored landfill sites in the East Midlands region of the UK during 2007

Northampton, University of

466

Innovation. Collaboration. Value BC Public Post-Secondary  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Innovation. Collaboration. Value BC Public Post-Secondary Collaborative Services 2013/14 Progress innovation, collaboration and supply management expertise. #12;Building on success Creating a new partnership is never simple, but when you start with an already strong culture of collaboration and innovation, you can

Victoria, University of

467

FORECAST VERIFICATION OF EXTREMES: USE OF EXTREME VALUE THEORY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 FORECAST VERIFICATION OF EXTREMES: USE OF EXTREME VALUE THEORY Rick Katz Institute for Study on Extremes · Emil Gumbel (1891 ­ 1966) -- Pioneer in application of statistics of extremes "Il est impossible que l'improbable n'arrive jamais." #12;3 OUTLINE (1) Motivation (2) Conventional Methods (3) Extreme

Katz, Richard

468

FORECAST VERIFICATION OF EXTREMES: USE OF EXTREME VALUE THEORY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 FORECAST VERIFICATION OF EXTREMES: USE OF EXTREME VALUE THEORY Rick Katz Institute for Study ON EXTREMES · Emil Gumbel (1891 ­ 1966) -- Pioneer in application of statistics of extremes "Il est impossible que l'improbable n'arrive jamais." #12;3 OUTLINE (1) Motivation (2) Conventional Methods (3) Extreme

Katz, Richard

469

How the alliance pie is split: Value appropriation by each partner in cross-border technology transfer alliances  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Almost no academic papers treat a crucial aspect of alliances – the determinants of the division of alliance value over the partners. Analyzing a sample of cross-border alliances, technology providing partners increase their share of total alliance returns when accepting riskier forms of compensation. Returns to a partner, and the risk they assume, are shown to be correlated through minimum sales or minimum royalty agreement clauses. Firms with stronger technical capabilities gain more from technology alliances. The bargaining power wielded by each party, while negotiating the structure of an alliance, influences each partner's share of overall alliance benefits.

Farok J. Contractor; James A. Woodley

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Accurate temperature measurements with a degrading thermocouple  

SciTech Connect

Ways are considered of enhancing the accuracy of thermoelectric measurement of temperature. The high accuracy method proposed for monitoring the temperature of an aggressive medium can determine the temperature, irrespective of the instantaneous values of the Seebeck and Peltier coefficients, i.e., irrespective of the uncontrolled thermocouple sensitivity, which varies during use.

Skripnik, Y.A.; Khimicheva, A.I.

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Regulator of modular units and Mahler measures.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a proof of the formula, due to Mellit and Brunault, which evaluates an integral of the regulator of two modular units to the value of the $L$-series of a modular form of weight 2 at $s=2$. Applications of the formula to computing Mahler measures are discussed.

Wadim Zudilin.

472

Cosmic Radiation Measurements in Airline Service  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......of 38.9 µSv whereas the CARI 3Q programme gives a route dose of 32.5 µSv. Measurements have also been performed on the Boeing 747-400 aircraft on the high latitude ultralonghaul direct London-Tokyo flight and these give values in the region of 6......

M. Bagshaw

1999-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Introduction Dynamic Risk Measures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Introduction Dynamic Risk Measures Dynamic Risk Measures from BMO martingales Bid-Ask Dynamic Pricing Procedure Conclusion MESURES DE RISQUE DYNAMIQUES DYNAMIC RISK MEASURES Jocelyne Bion-Nadal CNRS Risk Measures Dynamic Risk Measures from BMO martingales Bid-Ask Dynamic Pricing Procedure Conclusion

Bion-Nadal, Jocelyne

474

Amplification of Angular Rotations Using Weak Measurements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a weak measurement protocol that permits a sensitive estimation of angular rotations based on the concept of weak-value amplification. The shift in the state of a pointer, in both angular position and the conjugate orbital angular momentum bases, is used to estimate angular rotations. This is done by an amplification of both the real and imaginary parts of the weak-value of a polarization operator that has been coupled to the pointer, which is a spatial mode, via a spin-orbit coupling. Our experiment demonstrates the first realization of weak-value amplification in the azimuthal degree of freedom. We have achieved effective amplification factors as large as 100, providing a sensitivity that is on par with more complicated methods that employ quantum states of light or extremely large values of orbital angular momentum.

Omar S. Magana-Loaiza; Mohammad Mirhosseini; Brandon Rodenburg; Robert W. Boyd

2013-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

475

Pumped Storage Hydropower (Detailed Analysis to Demonstrate Value)-Modeling and Analysis of Value of Advanced Pumped Storage Hydropower in the U.S.  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Pumped Storage Hydropower (Detailed Analysis to Demonstrate Value)-Modeling and Analysis of Value of Advanced Pumped Storage Hydropower in the U.S.

476

A Literature Review on Value Stream Mapping with a Case Study of Applying Value Stream Mapping on Research Process  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Value stream mapping is a lean manufacturing technique that originated from the Toyota Production System (TPS). It is used to analyze and design the flow of material and information required to bring a product or service to a consumer. This thesis...

Li, Xiaoqi

2014-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

477

Commercial Demonstration of Wood Recovery, Recycling, and Value Adding Technologies  

SciTech Connect

This commercial demonstration project demonstrated the technical feasibility of converting low-value, underutilized and waste stream solid wood fiber material into higher valued products. With a growing need to increase product/production yield and reduce waste in most sawmills, few recovery operations and practically no data existed to support the viability of recovery operations. Prior to our efforts, most all in the forest products industry believed that recovery was difficult, extremely labor intensive, not cost effective, and that recovered products had low value and were difficult to sell. This project provided an opportunity for many within the industry to see through demonstration that converting waste stream material into higher valued products does in fact offer a solution. Our work, supported by the U.S. Department of Energy, throughout the project aimed to demonstrate a reasonable approach to reducing the millions of recoverable solid wood fiber tons that are annually treated as and converted into low value chips, mulch and fuel. Consequently sawmills continue to suffer from reduced availability of forest resources, higher raw material costs, growing waste disposal problems, increased global competition, and more pressure to operate in an Environmentally Friendly manner. It is our belief (based upon the experience of this project) that the successful mainstreaming of the recovery concept would assist in alleviating this burden as well as provide for a realistically achievable economic benefit to those who would seriously pursue the concept and tap into the rapidly growing ''GREEN'' building marketplace. Ultimately, with participation and aggressive pursuit of the recovery concept, the public would benefit in that: (1) Landfill/disposal waste volume could be reduced adding greater life to existing municipal landfill sites thereby minimizing the need to prematurely license and open added facilities. Also, there would be a cost avoidance benefit associated to what would have been the added municipal (community) management costs involved with maintaining closed landfills. (2) With greater quantities of recovered material being returned to and integrated into manufacturing and the marketplace, reduced demand upon virgin wood sources could help lead the way to promoting improved relations and environmental balance between producers and consumers further expanding the value of our natural resource without adding environmental burden.

Auburn Machinery, Inc.

2004-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

478

Value chain analysis of the aquaculture feed sector in Egypt  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This study was carried out to evaluate the value chain performance of the aquaculture feed sector in Egypt, in terms of value addition, employment and profitability. The strengths and weaknesses of each link of the value chain were assessed and appropriate upgrading, management and development strategies were suggested. Quantitative data were collected for each link in the value-chain through structured questionnaires that were drafted and distributed to the key players in the sector; 25 fish feed mills and 34 fish farms covering different geographical and production regions. The results indicated that the Egyptian aquafeed value-chain is relatively simple; including only four main stakeholder groups. These are feed input suppliers, aquafeed producers, aquafeed marketers and traders and fish farmers. Between 50 and 99% of feed ingredients used in aquafeed production in Egypt are imported. About 90% of Egyptian aquafeeds are produced by the private sector in the form of conventionally pressed, pelleted feeds (80–85%) and extruded feeds (15–20%). About 85% of those producers sell their feeds directly to farmers with payment either in cash or on credit, while the remaining 15% sell through intermediaries such as traders. State-owned mills produced only 10% of total commercial fish feed production in 2012, exclusively in the form of pressed, pelleted feeds. Employment generation in private sector feed mills was 29.2 full-time equivalent (FTE) jobs per mill, with an average of 3.9 jobs per 1000 tonnes of feed produced. Employment generation in state-owned mills was much higher; with an average of 90.3 FTE per mill. Males represented 90% of the full-time employment in the state-owned mills and 96.6% in the private sector. Feed costs represent 75–90% of the total operating costs of the fish farms. The major factors impacting on the performance of the value-chain relate to inputs, to feed production, to fish farmers and to marketing and financial services. The study recommends actions to mitigate these issues including the local production of more feed raw materials, strengthening quality control and inspection, providing training for feed mills, better organization of fish farmers and improving the legal and policy environment.

Abdel-Fattah M. El-Sayed; Malcolm W. Dickson; Gamal O. El-Naggar

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Laser-optic Measurements of Velocity of Particles in the Powder Stream at Coaxial Laser Cladding  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The problems of particle velocity and temperature measurement can be solved with commonly-known methods of registration based on spectrometry and a complex of laser and optical means. The diagnostic technique combines two independent methods of particle velocity measurement, namely the passive way which is based on the intrinsic radiation of the heated particles in a gas flow, and the active one which utilizes the effect of the laser beam scattering. It is demonstrated that the laser radiation can affect significantly the particles velocity at the laser cladding. Presented bar charts of statistical distributions of the particles velocities illustrate two modes of the coaxial nozzle performance, with and without ??2-laser radiation. Different types of powders (Al2O3, Mo, Ni, Al) were used in tests, the particle size distributions were typical for the laser cladding; air, nitrogen, argon were used as working gases, continuous radiation of the ??2 laser reached 3 kW. It is shown that in the laser-radiation field, the powder particles undergo extra acceleration due to the laser evaporation and reactive force occurrence resulting from the recoil pressure vapors from the beamed part of particles’ surfaces. The observed effect of particles acceleration depends on the particles concentration in the powder flow. Due to the laser acceleration, the velocities of individual particles may reach the values of about 80 – 100 m/s. The trichromatic pyrometry method was utilized to measure the particles temperature in the powder flow.

D.V. Sergachev; A.A. Mikhal’chenko; O.B. Kovalev; V.I. Kuz’min; G.N. Grachev; P.A. Pinaev

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Estimating the Atmospheric Water Vapor Content from Sun Photometer Measurements  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The differential absorption technique for estimating columnar water vapor values from the analysis of sunphotometric measurements with wide- and narrowband interferential filters centered near 0.94 ?m is discussed and adapted. Water vapor line ...

Artemio Plana-Fattori; Michel Legrand; Didier Tanré; Claude Devaux; Anne Vermeulen; Philippe Dubuisson

1998-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "measured values shown" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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481

Measuring Verification Coverage  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In order to measure verification progress, we measure verification converage because verification coverage defines the extent of the verification problem. In order to measure anything however, we need metrics....

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

Ground Vibration Measurement  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Measurement of ground vibration is important for checking of amplitudes of ... confirmation of efficiency of control measures of ground vibration. The properties of measuring instruments used can affect the resul...

Dr. Milutin Srbulov

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

NREL: News - NREL Quantifies Significant Value in Concentrating Solar Power  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

413 413 NREL Quantifies Significant Value in Concentrating Solar Power CSP with thermal energy storage boosts California electric grid April 24, 2013 Researchers from the U.S. Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) have quantified the significant value that concentrating solar power (CSP) plants can add to an electric grid. The NREL researchers evaluated the operational impacts of CSP systems with thermal energy storage within the California electric grid managed by the California Independent System Operator (CAISO). NREL used a commercial production cost model called PLEXOS to help plan system expansion, to evaluate aspects of system reliability, and to estimate fuel cost, emissions, and other operational factors within the CAISO system. The

484

projects are valued at approximately $67 million (including $15 million  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

projects are valued at approximately $67 million (including $15 million projects are valued at approximately $67 million (including $15 million in non-Federal cost sharing) over four years. The overall goal of the research is to develop carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) capture and separation technologies that can achieve at least 90 percent CO 2 removal at no more than a 35 percent increase in the cost of electricity. The projects, managed by FE's National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL), include: (1) Linde, LLC, which will use a post-combustion capture technology incorporating BASF's novel amine-based process at a 1-megawatt electric (MWe) equivalent slipstream pilot plant at the National Carbon Capture Center (NCCC) (DOE contribution: $15 million); (2) Neumann Systems Group, Inc., which will design, construct, and test a patented NeuStreamTM absorber at the Colorado

485

Quantifying the Value that Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Provide  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Quantifying the Value that Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Provide Quantifying the Value that Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Provide as a Hedge Against Volatile Natural Gas Price Speaker(s): Mark Bolinger Date: August 13, 2002 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 Advocates of renewable energy and energy efficiency have long argued that such technologies can mitigate fuel price risk within a utility's generation portfolio. These arguments - made with renewed vigor in the wake of unprecedented natural gas and wholesale electricity price volatility during the winter of 2000/2001 - have mostly been qualitative in nature, however, with few attempts to actually quantify the price stability benefit that renewables and efficiency provide. In evaluating this benefit, it is important to recognize that alternative price hedging instruments are

486

High-value renewable energy from prairie grasses  

SciTech Connect

Projected economic benefits of renewable energy derived from a native prairie grass, switchgrass, include nonmarket values that can reduce net fuel costs to near zero. At a farm gate price of $44.00/dry Mg, an agricultural sector model predicts higher profits for switchgrass than conventional crops on 16.9 million hectares (ha). Benefits would include an annual increase of $6 billion in net farm returns, a $1.86 billion reduction in government subsidies, and displacement of 44-159 Tg/year (1 Tg = 10{sup 12} g) of greenhouse gas emissions. Incorporating these values into the pricing structure for switchgrass bioenergy could accelerate commercialization and provide net benefits to the U.S. economy.

McLaughlin Jr, Samuel B [ORNL; De La Torre Ugarte, D. [University of Tennessee; Garten Jr, Charles T [ORNL; Lynd, L. [Dartmouth College; Sanderson, M. [USDA ARS; Tolbert, Virginia R [ORNL; Wolf, D. [Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (Virginia Tech)

2002-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

Set-valued solutions for non-ideal detonation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The existence and structure of steady gaseous detonation propagating in a packed bed of solid inert particles are analyzed in the one-dimensional approximation by taking into consideration frictional and heat losses between the gas and the particles. A new formulation of the governing equations is introduced that eliminates the well-known difficulties with numerical integration across the sonic singularity in the reactive Euler equations. The new algorithm allows us to determine that the detonation solutions as the loss factors are varied have a set-valued nature at low detonation velocities when the sonic constraint disappears from the solutions. These set-valued solutions correspond to a continuous spectrum of the eigenvalue problem that determines the velocity of the detonation.

Semenko, Roman; Kasimov, Aslan; Ermolaev, Boris

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

Q-value effects on the production of superheavy nuclei  

SciTech Connect

The formation of superheavy nucleus {sup 270}Hs via the 4n evaporation channel of fusion reactions {sup 26}Mg+{sup 248}Cm, {sup 30}Si+{sup 244}Pu, {sup 36}S+{sup 238}U, and {sup 48}Ca+{sup 226}Ra is studied using a two-parameter Smoluchowski equation. The evaporation residual cross sections of the reactions {sup 48}Ca+{sup 226}Ra and {sup 36}S+{sup 238}U are obviously enhanced because of their large negative Q values. The enhancement is due to the fact that the excitation energy corresponding to the maximum yield of the evaporation residue depends on the reaction Q value, and the maximum cross section sensitively depends on the increment of this excitation energy relative to the effective threshold energy of which the channel for fission after 4n emission opens.

Liu, Z. H. [China Institute of Atomic Energy, P. O. Box 275, Beijing 102413 (China); Bao, Jing-Dong [Department of Physics, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875 (China)

2006-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

489

Robust electricity consumption modeling of Turkey using Singular Value Decomposition  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Multivariable regression method is used to model Turkey’s electricity consumption through a nonlinear relationship. Electricity consumption is modeled as a function of four demographic and economic indicators such as, population, gross domestic product per capita, imports and exports. The second order model includes 15 coefficients for bias, first degree terms and second degree terms. Data preprocessing is applied to transform all variables to have zero mean and percent relative variance. Singular Value Decomposition is applied to reduce the dimensionality of the problem and to provide robustness to the estimations. Variance and covariance information in the data set is used to determine the number of important dimensions in the data. Electricity consumption of Turkey is modeled using annual data from 1970 to 2011. The results show that electricity consumption can be robustly modeled using Singular Value Decomposition.

Kadir Kavaklioglu

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

Weak-value amplification as an optimal metrological protocol  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The implementation of weak-value amplification requires the pre- and post-selection of states of a quantum system, followed by the observation of the response of the meter, which interacts weakly with the system. Data acquisition from the meter is conditioned to successful post-selection events. Here we derive an optimal post-selection procedure for estimating the coupling constant between system and meter, and show that it leads both to weak-value amplification and to the saturation of the quantum Fisher information, under conditions fulfilled by all previously reported experiments on the amplification of weak signals. For most of the pre-selected states, full information on the coupling constant can be extracted from the meter data set alone, while for a small fraction of the space of pre-selected states, it must be obtained from the post-selection statistics.

G. Bié Alves; B. M. Escher; R. L. de Matos Filho; N. Zagury; L. Davidovich

2014-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

491

Refined error estimates for matrix-valued radial basis functions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

distribution: bf( ) := Z Rn f(x)e ixT d ; 8 and let the inverse Fourier transform of a function or tempered distribution be de ned by f(x) := 1 (2 )n Z Rn f( )ei T xd : If f is a matrix-valued function, we will take bf to be the matrix of Fourier transforms... use the Fourier transform to characterize H (Rn): H (Rn) := n u2L2(Rn) : bu( ) 1 + k k22 =2 2L2(Rn) o : The inner product in H (Rn) is given by hg;fiH (Rn) = Z Rn (1 + k k22) bf( )bg( )d : 2. Vector-valued Sobolev Spaces Let u : ! Rn, with uj...

Fuselier, Edward J., Jr.

2007-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

492

Evaluation of Backscatter Values, AMM1, MAMM Ascending & Descending Comparison  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

mosaics. Figure 2 contains comparisons of histograms in a "bright" area, or area with relatively high sig0 values (mean approximately 0 dB) in all three mosaics, as well as a "dark" area (mean approximately -20 dB Count Descending MAMM -30 -25 -20 -15 -10 -5 0 5 10 0 1000 2000 3000 dB Count Ascending MAMM -30 -25 -20

Howat, Ian M.

493

New Mexico Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value (Million Cubic Feet) Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value (Million Cubic Feet) New Mexico Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 884,517 925,298 880,307 676,886 790,639 752,629 833,593 1990's 949,735 1,029,824 1,274,220 1,489,052 1,510,804 1,480,327 1,553,103 1,540,157 1,483,370 1,511,671 2000's 1,685,664 1,670,644 1,614,045 1,576,639 1,578,773 1,571,920 1,562,754 1,495,615 895,675 1,370,727 2010's 1,287,399 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 12/12/2013 Next Release Date: 1/7/2014

494

Alaska Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Alaska Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value (Million Cubic Feet) Alaska Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value (Million Cubic Feet) Alaska Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 211,569 211,579 222,637 304,841 271,120 228,284 192,760 1990's 191,798 200,557 206,259 224,786 201,891 227,797 193,278 191,017 192,982 186,727 2000's 189,896 197,735 200,871 199,616 413,667 502,887 494,323 368,344 337,359 397,077 2010's 316,546 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 12/12/2013 Next Release Date: 1/7/2014 Referring Pages: Quantity of Natural Gas Production Associated with Reported Wellhead

495

Alabama Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Alabama Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value (Million Cubic Feet) Alabama Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value (Million Cubic Feet) Alabama Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 59,051 56,685 42,925 34,164 35,674 45,488 41,614 1990's 37,229 35,972 51,219 75,474 70,489 54,964 493,069 583,370 560,414 544,020 2000's 521,215 376,241 370,753 348,722 304,212 285,237 274,176 259,062 246,747 225,666 2010's 212,769 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 1/7/2014 Next Release Date: 1/31/2014 Referring Pages: Quantity of Natural Gas Production Associated with Reported Wellhead

496

Oklahoma Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value (Million Cubic Feet) Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value (Million Cubic Feet) Oklahoma Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 1,730,061 1,985,869 1,936,341 1,917,493 2,004,797 2,106,632 2,185,204 1990's 2,186,153 2,119,161 1,937,224 2,005,971 1,879,257 1,765,788 1,751,487 1,452,233 1,644,531 1,577,961 2000's 1,612,890 1,477,058 1,456,375 1,531,657 1,584,905 1,571,615 1,683,563 1,589,871 1,765,988 1,621,316 2010's 1,408,061 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 12/12/2013 Next Release Date: 1/7/2014

497

Texas Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value (Million Cubic Feet) Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value (Million Cubic Feet) Texas Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 6,227,995 6,630,246 6,367,936 6,465,964 6,414,021 6,386,544 6,276,968 1990's 6,476,032 6,066,256 5,893,069 5,769,437 5,834,671 5,592,323 4,684,140 4,716,304 4,777,945 5,719,128 2000's 5,869,901 5,159,233 5,166,315 5,186,213 5,271,306 5,539,052 5,993,702 6,454,249 7,483,842 7,623,747 2010's 7,470,752 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 12/12/2013 Next Release Date: 1/7/2014

498

Montana Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value (Million Cubic Feet) Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value (Million Cubic Feet) Montana Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 47,751 47,534 46,113 42,203 42,814 47,748 52,044 1990's 45,998 48,075 50,359 58,810 51,953 46,739 46,868 50,409 51,967 55,780 2000's 67,294 78,493 86,075 86,027 90,771 101,666 106,843 110,942 802,619 293,941 2010's 87,539 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 12/12/2013 Next Release Date: 1/7/2014 Referring Pages: Quantity of Natural Gas Production Associated with Reported Wellhead

499

North Dakota Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value (Million Cubic Feet) Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value (Million Cubic Feet) North Dakota Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 69,319 60,111 62,371 58,593 51,671 21,240 12,290 1990's 11,537 5,138 3,994 4,420 0 0 0 52,401 53,185 52,862 2000's 48,714 57,949 57,015 57,808 59,513 57,972 53,675 54,745 52,469 59,369 2010's 81,837 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 1/7/2014 Next Release Date: 1/31/2014 Referring Pages: Quantity of Natural Gas Production Associated with Reported Wellhead

500

Louisiana Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value (Million Cubic Feet) Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value (Million Cubic Feet) Louisiana Quantity of Production Associated with Reported Wellhead Value (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1980's 3,149,192 3,650,412 3,179,306 2,986,468 3,243,795 3,158,903 3,066,789 1990's 3,780,551 3,355,867 3,404,963 3,454,646 3,562,360 3,709,015 3,976,305 5,398,216 5,410,523 5,265,670 2000's 3,587,815 1,529,733 1,365,925 1,350,399 1,357,366 1,296,048 1,361,119 1,275,806 1,292,478 1,449,809 2010's 2,140,525 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 1/7/2014 Next Release Date: 1/31/2014