Sample records for measured values acquired

  1. Measuring Value in Healthcare

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gardner, Christopher

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A statistical description and model of individual healthcare expenditures in the US has been developed for measuring value in healthcare. We find evidence that healthcare expenditures are quantifiable as an infusion-diffusion process, which can be thought of intuitively as a steady change in the intensity of treatment superimposed on a random process reflecting variations in the efficiency and effectiveness of treatment. The arithmetic mean represents the net average annual cost of healthcare; and when multiplied by the arithmetic standard deviation, which represents the effective risk, the result is a measure of healthcare cost control. Policymakers, providers, payors, or patients that decrease these parameters are generating value in healthcare. The model has an average absolute prediction error of approximately 10-12% across the range of expenditures which spans 6 orders of magnitude over a nearly 10-year period. For the top 1% of the population with the largest expenditures, representing 20%-30% of total ...

  2. Stigma models: Testing hypotheses of how images of Nevada are acquired and values are attached to them

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jenkins-Smith, H.C. [New Mexico Univ., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

    1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report analyzes data from surveys on the effects that images associated with nuclear power and waste (i.e., nuclear images) have on people`s preference to vacation in Nevada. The analysis was stimulated by a model of imagery and stigma which assumes that information about a potentially hazardous facility generates signals that elicit negative images about the place in which it is located. Individuals give these images negative values (valences) that lessen their desire to vacation, relocate, or retire in that place. The model has been used to argue that the proposed Yucca Mountain high-level nuclear waste repository could elicit images of nuclear waste that would stigmatize Nevada and thus impose substantial economic losses there. This report proposes a revised model that assumes that the acquisition and valuation of images depend on individuals` ideological and cultural predispositions and that the ways in which new images will affect their preferences and behavior partly depend on these predispositions. The report tests these hypotheses: (1) individuals with distinct cultural and ideological predispositions have different propensities for acquiring nuclear images, (2) these people attach different valences to these images, (3) the variations in these valences are important, and (4) the valences of the different categories of images within an individual`s image sets for a place correlate very well. The analysis largely confirms these hypotheses, indicating that the stigma model should be revised to (1) consider the relevant ideological and cultural predispositions of the people who will potentially acquire and attach value to the image, (2) specify the kinds of images that previously attracted people to the host state, and (3) consider interactions between the old and potential new images of the place. 37 refs., 18 figs., 17 tabs.

  3. Weak value measurement with an incoherent measuring device

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Young-Wook Cho; Hyang-Tag Lim; Young-Sik Ra; Yoon-Ho Kim

    2009-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

    In the Aharonov-Albert-Vaidman (AAV) weak measurement, it is assumed that the measuring device or the pointer is in a quantum mechanical pure state. In reality, however, it is often not the case. In this paper, we generalize the AAV weak measurement scheme to include more generalized situations in which the measuring device is in a mixed state. We also report an optical implementation of the weak value measurement in which the incoherent pointer is realized with the pseudo-thermal light. The theoretical and experimental results show that the measuring device under the influence of partial decoherence could still be used for amplified detection of minute physical changes and are applicable for implementing the weak value measurement for massive particles.

  4. Measuring value added characteristics in feeder cattle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mathews, Crystal Dawn

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    , cyclical effects, lot size, weight, breed type, sex, commingling, fed cattle futures price, and corn price were all found to have an impact on the sale price of feeder cattle. Feeder calves sold through MFA Health Track Beef Alliance and other value added...

  5. Thermal measurements of active semiconductor micro-structures acquired through the substrate using near IR thermoreflectance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , which precludes the use of typical surface thermal characterization techniques. A near infrared microscopy (SThM), or optical techniques such as infrared (IR) microscopy, or thermoreflectance to be able to measure the heating of devices in flip chip bonded integrated circuit's (IC) and other

  6. Positive-operator-valued measure optimization of classical correlations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hamieh, S.; Kobes, R.; Zaraket, H. [Kernfysisch Versneller Instituut, Zernikelaan 25 9747 AA Groningen (Netherlands); Physics Department, The University of Winnipeg, 515 Portage Avenue, Winnipeg, Manitoba, R3B 2E9 (Canada)

    2004-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the problem of optimization over positive-operator-valued measures to extract classical correlation in a bipartite quantum system. The proposed method is applied to binary states only. Moreover, to illustrate this method, an explicit example is studied in detail.

  7. Does the measured value of the Planck constant depend on the energy of measurements?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massa, Enrico; Jentschel, Michael

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The measurement of the Avogadro constant opened the way to a comparison of the watt-balance measurements of the Planck constant with the values calculated from the quotients of the Planck constant and the mass of a particle or an atom. Since the energy scales of these measurements span nine energy decades, these data provide insight into the consistency of our understanding of physics.

  8. Intensity-Value Corrections for Integrating Sphere Measurements of Solid Samples Measured behind Glass

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Johnson, Timothy J.; Bernacki, Bruce E.; Redding, Rebecca L.; Su, Yin-Fong; Brauer, Carolyn S.; Myers, Tanya L.; Stephan, Eric G.

    2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Accurate and calibrated directional-hemispherical reflectance spectra of solids are important for both in situ and remote sensing. Many solids are in the form of powders or granules and in order to measure their diffuse reflectance spectra in the laboratory, it is often necessary to place the samples behind a transparent medium such as glass for the UV, visible or near-infrared spectral regions. Using both experimental and theoretical methods we have found that the glass (fused quartz in our case) leads to artifacts in the reflectance values. We report for the first time that the measured reflectance intensity values, for both hemispherical and diffuse reflectance, are distorted by the additional reflectances arising at the air-quartz and sample-quartz interfaces. The values are dependent on the sample reflectance and are vertically shifted with intensity offsets in the hemispherical case leading to measured values up to ?6% too high for a 2% reflectance surface, ?3.8% too high for 10% reflecting materials, approximately correct for 40%- to 60%-diffuse reflecting surfaces, and ?1.5% too low for 99% reflecting Spectralon surfaces. For the case of diffuse-only reflectance, the measured values are uniformly too low due to the polished glass, with differences of nearly 6% for 99%-reflecting matte surfaces. The deviations arise from the added reflections from the quartz surfaces as verified by both theory and experiment, and have some dependence on sphere design. Empirical correction factors were implemented into post-processing software to redress the artifact for hemispherical and diffuse reflectance data across the 300 to 2300 nm range.

  9. Empirical Measurements of Travelers' Value of Travel Time Reliability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Danda, Santosh Rao

    2014-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

    Travel time and travel time reliability are two fundamental factors influencing travel behavior and demand. The concept of the value of time (VOT) has been extensively studied, and estimates of VOT have been obtained from surveys and empirical data...

  10. Measuring the Value of Time in Highway Freight Transportation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miao, Qing

    2014-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

    ) .............................. 37 Table 4.4: Value of Time for Ubiquitous Congestion (80% Known Demand) ............... 37 Table 5.1: Logistic Operation Data by Industry Type...................................................... 53 Table 5.2: Single-Vehicle Value of Time... transportation cost, which 4 has been escalating over the years. For example, between 1981 and 2002, transportation costs increased from $228 billion to $577 billion, which corresponds to 45.1 percent and 63.4 percent of the total logistics cost...

  11. Valuing IT through Virtual Process Measurement ICIS '94 Paper by

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scacchi, Walt

    reasoning, Valuation of information tech- nology. c 1994 Mark E. Nissen #12;1 Productivity Paradox of IT through the business environment, this need for useful IT-valuation measures will certainly grow through time; moreover, to the extent that measures for IT valuation fail to capture the "true" economic bene

  12. A geometrical characterization of commutative positive operator valued measures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Beneduci, Roberto [Dipartimento di Matematica, Universita della Calabria, Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Gruppo c. Cosenza, Arcavacata di Rende (Serbia and Montenegro) (Italy)

    2006-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We show that a POV measure F on the Borel {sigma}-algebra of the reals B(R) is commutative if and only if there exists a PV measure E on B(R) and, for every {lambda} in the spectrum of E, a probability measure {gamma}{sub ({center_dot})}({lambda}) on B(R) such that the effect F({delta}) coincides with {gamma}{sub {delta}}(A), where A is the self-adjoint operator associated to E. The relevance of this result to the theory of the sharp reconstruction is analyzed.

  13. Ultra-low Q values for neutrino mass measurements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joachim Kopp; Alexander Merle

    2010-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate weak nuclear decays with extremely small kinetic energy release (Q value) and thus extremely good sensitivity to the absolute neutrino mass scale. In particular, we consider decays into excited daughter states, and we show that partial ionization of the parent atom can help to tune Q values to low-Q decays might only be feasible if no ionization is required, and if future improvements in isotope production technology, nuclear mass spectroscopy, and atomic structure calculations are possible. Experiments using ions, however, are extremely challenging due to the large number of ions that must be stored. New precision data on nuclear excitation levels could help to identify further isotopes with low-Q decay modes and possibly less challenging requirements.

  14. Simulation of wireline sonic logging measurements acquired with BoreholeEccentered tools using a high-order adaptive

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torres-Verdín, Carlos

    Torres-Verdín b , Angel Mora d , Victor M. Calo d a Department of Applied Mathematics, Statistics) for truncation of the computational domain. The simulation method was verified for various model problems. A similar method was successfully applied to simulate induction and laterolog resistivity measurements

  15. The value of density measurements in stellar coronae

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jan-Uwe Ness; Carole Jordan

    2005-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

    The grating instruments on board Chandra and XMM-Newton now allow measurements of electron densities. These rely on the ratios of fluxes in emission lines, where one line depends on both collisional and radiative decay rates. The electron density is required to constrain the physical extent of the emitting region, and large samples of measurements are of interest in the context of trends in coronal activity. Here we discuss the important He {\\sc i}-like ions and the differences in densities that result when different current data bases are used.

  16. Refrigerator/freezer energy use: Measured values vs. simulation results

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hakim, S.H.; Turiel, I. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab., CA (United States). Energy and Environment Div.

    1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The EPA Refrigerator Analysis (ERA) program was utilized in the engineering analysis performed to support the proposed refrigerator/freezer standards in the United States. In this paper the accuracy of the ERA program for predicting the energy consumption of domestic refrigerators, freezers, and refrigerator-freezers is studied by comparing the predicted energy consumption with the measured energy consumption.

  17. Proposal to Acquire Experimental Data and to Model the Results with a Monte Carlo Calculation of a Secondary Source Correction Factor for Area Source Acquisitions of Holdup y-PHA Measurements

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dewberry, R.

    2003-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

    This report describes an interference observed when acquiring y-ray holdup data. The interference comes from secondary contaminated surfaces that contribute to the y-ray signal when acquiring data in the area source configuration. It is often the case that these unwanted contributions can not be isolated and eliminated, so it is necessary to mathematically correct for the contribution. In this report we propose experiments to acquire the necessary data to determine the experimental correction factor specifically for highly enriched uranium holdup measurements. We then propose to use the MCNP Monte Carlo computer code to model the contribution in several acquisition configurations and for multiple interfering y-ray energies. Results will provide a model for calculation of this secondary source correction factor for future holdup measurements. We believe the results of the experiments and modeling of the data acquired in this proposal will have a significant impact on deactivation and de commissioning activities throughout the DOE weapons complex.

  18. Measure Valued Solutions for a Differential Game Related to Fish Harvesting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bressan, Alberto

    Measure Valued Solutions for a Differential Game Related to Fish Harvesting Alberto Bressan and Wen intensity of fishing effort, optimal solutions are in general measure-valued. For the control problem in one competing fishing companies, and prove the existence of a Nash equilibrium solution. This is obtained

  19. Measure Valued Solutions for a Differential Game Related to Fish Harvesting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shen, Wen

    Measure Valued Solutions for a Differential Game Related to Fish Harvesting Alberto Bressan and Wen intensity of fishing effort, optimal solutions are in general measure-valued. For the control problem, we fishing companies, and prove the existence of a Nash equilibrium solution. This is obtained as a fixed

  20. Measuring the value of workspace architectural design : construction of the Workspace Communication Suitability Index (WOCSIT)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tsakonas, Konstantinos Georgios

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The aim of this dissertation is to measure the impact of workspace architectural design on the value it generates for tenant organizations in terms of, without loss of generality, strengthening organizational identity and ...

  1. Value-based performance measures for Hanford Tank Waste Remedition System (TWRS) Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Keeney, R.L.; von Winterfeldt, D.

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Tank Waste Remediation Systems (TWRS) Program is responsible for the safe storage, retrieval, treatment, and preparation for disposal of high-level waste currently stored in underground storage tanks at the Hanford site in Richland. The TWRS program has adopted a logical approach to decision making that is based on systems engineering and decision analysis (Westinghouse Hanford Company, 1995). This approach involves the explicit consideration of stakeholder values and an evaluation of the TWRS alternatives in terms of these values. Such evaluations need to be consistent across decisions. Thus, an effort was undertaken to develop a consistent, quantifiable set of measures that can be used by TVVRS to assess alternatives against the stakeholder values. The measures developed also met two additional requirements: 1) the number of measure should be relatively small; and 2) performance with respect to the measures should be relatively easy to estimate.

  2. Practical measurement of joint weak values and their connection to the annihilation operator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. S. Lundeen; K. J. Resch

    2005-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

    Weak measurements are a new tool for characterizing post-selected quantum systems during their evolution. Weak measurement was originally formulated in terms of von Neumann interactions which are practically available for only the simplest single-particle observables. In the present work, we extend and greatly simplify a recent, experimentally feasible, reformulation of weak measurement for multiparticle observables [Resch and Steinberg (2004, Phys. Rev. Lett., 92, 130402)]. We also show that the resulting ``joint weak values'' take on a particularly elegant form when expressed in terms of annihilation operators.

  3. Weak values and weak coupling maximizing the output of weak measurements

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Di Lorenzo, Antonio, E-mail: dilorenzo.antonio@gmail.com

    2014-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

    In a weak measurement, the average output ?o? of a probe that measures an observable A{sup -hat} of a quantum system undergoing both a preparation in a state ?{sub i} and a postselection in a state E{sub f} is, to a good approximation, a function of the weak value A{sub w}=Tr[E{sub f}A{sup -hat} ?{sub i}]/Tr[E{sub f}?{sub i}], a complex number. For a fixed coupling ?, when the overlap Tr[E{sub f}?{sub i}] is very small, A{sub w} diverges, but ?o? stays finite, often tending to zero for symmetry reasons. This paper answers the questions: what is the weak value that maximizes the output for a fixed coupling? What is the coupling that maximizes the output for a fixed weak value? We derive equations for the optimal values of A{sub w} and ?, and provide the solutions. The results are independent of the dimensionality of the system, and they apply to a probe having a Hilbert space of arbitrary dimension. Using the Schrödinger–Robertson uncertainty relation, we demonstrate that, in an important case, the amplification ?o? cannot exceed the initial uncertainty ?{sub o} in the observable o{sup -hat}, we provide an upper limit for the more general case, and a strategy to obtain ?o???{sub o}. - Highlights: •We have provided a general framework to find the extremal values of a weak measurement. •We have derived the location of the extremal values in terms of preparation and postselection. •We have devised a maximization strategy going beyond the limit of the Schrödinger–Robertson relation.

  4. Acquiring Property - SRSCRO

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOnItem NotEnergy,ARMForms About Become agovEducationWelcome FinancialScienceHow To Acquire

  5. Improved Correction of IR Loss in Diffuse Shortwave Measurements: An ARM Value-Added Product

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Younkin, K; Long, CN

    2003-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Simple single black detector pyranometers, such as the Eppley Precision Spectral Pyranometer (PSP) used by the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program, are known to lose energy via infrared (IR) emission to the sky. This is especially a problem when making clear-sky diffuse shortwave (SW) measurements, which are inherently of low magnitude and suffer the greatest IR loss. Dutton et al. (2001) proposed a technique using information from collocated pyrgeometers to help compensate for this IR loss. The technique uses an empirically derived relationship between the pyrgeometer detector data (and alternatively the detector data plus the difference between the pyrgeometer case and dome temperatures) and the nighttime pyranometer IR loss data. This relationship is then used to apply a correction to the diffuse SW data during daylight hours. We developed an ARM value-added product (VAP) called the SW DIFF CORR 1DUTT VAP to apply the Dutton et al. correction technique to ARM PSP diffuse SW measurements.

  6. acquired bacterial sepsis: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    measurements acquired in axially symmetrical and transversely isotropic media Fossil Fuels Websites Summary: and successfully test an efficient method to simulate triaxial...

  7. acquired bacterial meningitis: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    measurements acquired in axially symmetrical and transversely isotropic media Fossil Fuels Websites Summary: and successfully test an efficient method to simulate triaxial...

  8. A comparison of the values of Poisson's ratio of rocks measured statically and dynamically

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marek, Benjamin Frank

    1967-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    CONFINING PRESSURE (1000 PSI. ) FIGURE 25 -- YOUNG'S MODULUS VERSUS CONFINING PRESSURE 41 6 M P4 5 O cn 4 O A 3 K 2 g 1 'dt h~ SPECIMEN 1230 C) ? STATIC 21 ? ? D YNAMI C 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 CONFINING PRESSURE (1000 PSI. ) O SPECIMEN...A COMPARISON OF THE VALUES OF POISSON'S RATIO OF ROCKS MEASURED STATICALLY AND DYNAMICALLY A Thesis by Benjamin F. M rek Submitted to I;he Graduate College of the Texas ASM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree...

  9. Blood Gas, Oxygen Saturation, pH, and Lactate Values in Elasmobranch Blood Measured with a Commercially Available

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miami, University of

    Blood Gas, Oxygen Saturation, pH, and Lactate Values in Elasmobranch Blood Measured Research Laboratory, New England Aquarium, Central Wharf, Boston, Massachusetts 02110, USA Abstract.--Blood often be most valuable when blood samples are analyzed immediately after collection. Portable clinical

  10. Testicular measurements and endocrine profiles (luteinizing hormone and testosterone) in young growing males as a measure of breeding value in sheep

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Campbell, John William

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Measure of Breed)no Va)ue in Sheep. (August 1983) John William Campbell B. S. , Texas A&M University Chairman of Advisory Committee: Or. J. W. Bassett Plasma luteinizing hormone (LH) levels, piss~a tes- tosterone levels, body weights, and testicular... and the Finnish Landrace had the )ar gest testicle size For both years. There was not a signiFicant difference in plasma LH and plasma testosterone values between the breeds in both years. The index values were highest in the prolific Finnish Landrace breed...

  11. Acquiring firm long-term performance and governance characteristics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Breazeale, Jonathan Paul

    2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    and directors, and InstOwn is the percentage of the firm owned by large outside block shareholders. Value-weighted calendar-time portfolios consisting of the full sample of acquirers exhibit significant abnormal returns of 9.12%, 33.84% and 55.8% for the 12...

  12. ACQUIRED EQUIVALENCE CHANGES STIMULUS REPRESENTATIONS , D. SHOHAMY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shohamy, Daphna

    ACQUIRED EQUIVALENCE CHANGES STIMULUS REPRESENTATIONS M. MEETER 1 , D. SHOHAMY 2 , AND C.E. MYERS 3 UNIVERSITY 3 DEPT. OF PSYCHOLOGY, RUTGERS UNIVERSITY Acquired equivalence is a paradigm in which of feature salience. A different way of conceptualizing acquired equivalence is in terms of strategic

  13. acquired amylase production: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Complexity on Error Production and Pseudoword Training in Acquired Phonological Dyslexia. Open Access Theses and Dissertations Summary: ?? Individuals with acquired...

  14. acquired severe aplastic: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Complexity on Error Production and Pseudoword Training in Acquired Phonological Dyslexia. Open Access Theses and Dissertations Summary: ?? Individuals with acquired...

  15. Trajectories of Happiness Following Acquired Disability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCord, Carly Elizabeth

    2013-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

    Current deficits in the rehabilitation psychology literature involving longitudinal studies investigating positive outcomes following acquired disabilities have deserved research attention. In the current study, data on happiness as an enduring...

  16. New determination of double-beta-decay properties in 48Ca: high-precision Q-value measurement and improved nuclear matrix element calculations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. A. Kwiatkowski; T. Brunner; J. D. Holt; A. Chaudhuri; U. Chowdhury; M. Eibach; J. Engel; A. T. Gallant; A. Grossheim; M. Horoi; A. Lennarz; T. D. Macdonald; M. R. Pearson; B. E. Schultz; M. C. Simon; R. A. Senkov; V. V. Simon; K. Zuber; J. Dilling

    2013-08-18T23:59:59.000Z

    We report a direct measurement of the Q-value of the neutrinoless double-beta-decay candidate 48Ca at the TITAN Penning-trap mass spectrometer, with the result that Q = 4267.98(32) keV. We measured the masses of both the mother and daughter nuclides, and in the latter case found a 1 keV deviation from the literature value. In addition to the Q-value, we also present results of a new calculation of the neutrinoless double-beta-decay nuclear matrix element of 48Ca. Using diagrammatic many-body perturbation theory to second order to account for physics outside the valence space, we constructed an effective shell-model double-beta-decay operator, which increased the nuclear matrix element by about 75% compared with that produced by the bare operator. The new Q-value and matrix element strengthen the case for a 48Ca double-beta-decay experiment.

  17. The value of high-frequency, high-precision methane isotopologue measurements for source and sink estimation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rigby, Matthew

    We present an observing system simulation experiment examining the potential benefits of new methane isotopologues measurements for global- and national-scale source and sink inversions. New measurements are expected in ...

  18. An Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Value-Added Product to Retrieve Optically Thin Cloud Visible Optical Depth using Micropulse Lidar

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lo, C; Comstock, JM; Flynn, C

    2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of the Micropulse Lidar (MPL) Cloud Optical Depth (MPLCOD) Value-Added Product (VAP) is to retrieve the visible (short-wave) cloud optical depth for optically thin clouds using MPL. The advantage of using the MPL to derive optical depth is that lidar is able to detect optically thin cloud layers that may not be detected by millimeter cloud radar or radiometric techniques. The disadvantage of using lidar to derive optical depth is that the lidar signal becomes attenuation limited when ? approaches 3 (this value can vary depending on instrument specifications). As a result, the lidar will not detect optically thin clouds if an optically thick cloud obstructs the lidar beam.

  19. acquired apoptotic resistance: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    cancers exhibit or acquire resistance (more) Son, Jae Kyoung 2010-01-01 44 Acquired Dyslexia in Japanese: Implications for Reading Theory . Open Access Theses and Dissertations...

  20. acquired antiestrogen resistance: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    cancers exhibit or acquire resistance (more) Son, Jae Kyoung 2010-01-01 34 Acquired Dyslexia in Japanese: Implications for Reading Theory . Open Access Theses and Dissertations...

  1. First Direct Double- Decay Q-Value Measurement of 82Se in Support of Understanding the Nature of the Neutrino

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lincoln, David L. [NSCL, Michigan State University, East Lansing; Holt, Jason D. [Technische Univ. Darmstadt/GSI/UTK/ORNL; Bollen, Georg [NSCL, Michigan State University, East Lansing; Brodeur, Maxime [NSCL, Michigan State University, East Lansing; Bustabad, Scott [NSCL, Michigan State University, East Lansing; Engel, Jonathan [University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill; Novario, Samuel J. [NSCL, Michigan State University, East Lansing; Redshaw, Matthew [NSCL, Michigan State Univ.,/Central Michigan Univ.-Mt. Pleasant; Ringle, Ryan [NSCL, Michigan State University, East Lansing; Schwarz, Stefan [NSCL, Michigan State University, East Lansing

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In anticipation of results from current and future double- decay studies, we report a measurement resulting in a 82Se double- decay Q value of 2997.9(3) keV, an order of magnitude more precise than the currently accepted value. We also present preliminary results of a calculation of the 82Se neutrinoless double- decay nuclear matrix element that corrects in part for the small size of the shell model single-particle space. The results of this work are important for designing next generation double- decay experiments and for the theoretical interpretations of their observations.

  2. Value Engineering

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2002-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

    To establish Department of Energy (DOE) value engineering policy that establishs and maintains cost-effective value procedures and processes.

  3. Quality Control Quantification (QCQ): A Tool to Measure the Value of Quality Control Checks in Radiation Oncology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ford, Eric C., E-mail: eford@uw.edu [Department of Radiation Oncology and Molecular Radiation Sciences, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland (United States); Terezakis, Stephanie; Souranis, Annette; Harris, Kendra [Department of Radiation Oncology and Molecular Radiation Sciences, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology and Molecular Radiation Sciences, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland (United States); Gay, Hiram; Mutic, Sasa [Department of Radiation Oncology, Washington University, St. Louis, Missouri (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, Washington University, St. Louis, Missouri (United States)

    2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: To quantify the error-detection effectiveness of commonly used quality control (QC) measures. Methods: We analyzed incidents from 2007-2010 logged into a voluntary in-house, electronic incident learning systems at 2 academic radiation oncology clinics. None of the incidents resulted in patient harm. Each incident was graded for potential severity using the French Nuclear Safety Authority scoring scale; high potential severity incidents (score >3) were considered, along with a subset of 30 randomly chosen low severity incidents. Each report was evaluated to identify which of 15 common QC checks could have detected it. The effectiveness was calculated, defined as the percentage of incidents that each QC measure could detect, both for individual QC checks and for combinations of checks. Results: In total, 4407 incidents were reported, 292 of which had high-potential severity. High- and low-severity incidents were detectable by 4.0 {+-} 2.3 (mean {+-} SD) and 2.6 {+-} 1.4 QC checks, respectively (P<.001). All individual checks were less than 50% sensitive with the exception of pretreatment plan review by a physicist (63%). An effectiveness of 97% was achieved with 7 checks used in combination and was not further improved with more checks. The combination of checks with the highest effectiveness includes physics plan review, physician plan review, Electronic Portal Imaging Device-based in vivo portal dosimetry, radiation therapist timeout, weekly physics chart check, the use of checklists, port films, and source-to-skin distance checks. Some commonly used QC checks such as pretreatment intensity modulated radiation therapy QA do not substantially add to the ability to detect errors in these data. Conclusions: The effectiveness of QC measures in radiation oncology depends sensitively on which checks are used and in which combinations. A small percentage of errors cannot be detected by any of the standard formal QC checks currently in broad use, suggesting that further improvements are needed. These data require confirmation with a broader incident-reporting database.

  4. Reference dosimetry at the Australian Synchrotron's imaging and medical beamline using free-air ionization chamber measurements and theoretical predictions of air kerma rate and half value layer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Crosbie, Jeffrey C.; Rogers, Peter A. W. [Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Melbourne, The Royal Women's Hospital, Parkville, Victoria 3052 (Australia); Stevenson, Andrew W. [CSIRO Materials Science and Engineering, Clayton, Victoria 3169 (Australia); Hall, Christopher J. [Imaging and Medical Beamline, Australian Synchrotron, Clayton, Victoria 3168 (Australia); Lye, Jessica E. [Australian Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety Agency, Yallambie, Victoria 3085 (Australia); Nordstroem, Terese [KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm SE-100 44 (Sweden); Midgley, Stewart M. [School of Physics, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria 3800 (Australia); Lewis, Robert A. [Department of Medical Imaging and Radiation Sciences, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria 3800 (Australia)

    2013-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: Novel, preclinical radiotherapy modalities are being developed at synchrotrons around the world, most notably stereotactic synchrotron radiation therapy and microbeam radiotherapy at the European Synchrotron Radiation Facility in Grenoble, France. The imaging and medical beamline (IMBL) at the Australian Synchrotron has recently become available for preclinical radiotherapy and imaging research with clinical trials, a distinct possibility in the coming years. The aim of this present study was to accurately characterize the synchrotron-generated x-ray beam for the purposes of air kerma-based absolute dosimetry. Methods: The authors used a theoretical model of the energy spectrum from the wiggler source and validated this model by comparing the transmission through copper absorbers (0.1-3.0 mm) against real measurements conducted at the beamline. The authors used a low energy free air ionization chamber (LEFAC) from the Australian Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety Agency and a commercially available free air chamber (ADC-105) for the measurements. The dimensions of these two chambers are different from one another requiring careful consideration of correction factors. Results: Measured and calculated half value layer (HVL) and air kerma rates differed by less than 3% for the LEFAC when the ion chamber readings were corrected for electron energy loss and ion recombination. The agreement between measured and predicted air kerma rates was less satisfactory for the ADC-105 chamber, however. The LEFAC and ADC measurements produced a first half value layer of 0.405 {+-} 0.015 and 0.412 {+-} 0.016 mm Cu, respectively, compared to the theoretical prediction of 0.427 {+-} 0.012 mm Cu. The theoretical model based upon a spectrum calculator derived a mean beam energy of 61.4 keV with a first half value layer of approximately 30 mm in water. Conclusions: The authors showed in this study their ability to verify the predicted air kerma rate and x-ray attenuation curve on the IMBL using a simple experimental method, namely, HVL measurements. The HVL measurements strongly supports the x-ray beam spectrum, which in turn has a profound effect on x-ray dosimetry.

  5. Measurement uncertainty analysis techniques applied to PV performance measurements

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wells, C.

    1992-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this presentation is to provide a brief introduction to measurement uncertainty analysis, outline how it is done, and illustrate uncertainty analysis with examples drawn from the PV field, with particular emphasis toward its use in PV performance measurements. The uncertainty information we know and state concerning a PV performance measurement or a module test result determines, to a significant extent, the value and quality of that result. What is measurement uncertainty analysis It is an outgrowth of what has commonly been called error analysis. But uncertainty analysis, a more recent development, gives greater insight into measurement processes and tests, experiments, or calibration results. Uncertainty analysis gives us an estimate of the I interval about a measured value or an experiment's final result within which we believe the true value of that quantity will lie. Why should we take the time to perform an uncertainty analysis A rigorous measurement uncertainty analysis: Increases the credibility and value of research results; allows comparisons of results from different labs; helps improve experiment design and identifies where changes are needed to achieve stated objectives (through use of the pre-test analysis); plays a significant role in validating measurements and experimental results, and in demonstrating (through the post-test analysis) that valid data have been acquired; reduces the risk of making erroneous decisions; demonstrates quality assurance and quality control measures have been accomplished; define Valid Data as data having known and documented paths of: Origin, including theory; measurements; traceability to measurement standards; computations; uncertainty analysis of results.

  6. acquired immunodeficiency related: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    blood samples. Dip-pen nanolithography (DPN) was used Shull, Kenneth R. 48 Acquired Dyslexia in Japanese: Implications for Reading Theory . Open Access Theses and Dissertations...

  7. acquired immunodeficiency syndrome-defining: Topics by E-print...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    blood samples. Dip-pen nanolithography (DPN) was used Shull, Kenneth R. 39 Acquired Dyslexia in Japanese: Implications for Reading Theory . Open Access Theses and Dissertations...

  8. acquired aplastic anaemia: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    School of Public Health, Division California at Berkeley, University of 18 Acquired Dyslexia in Japanese: Implications for Reading Theory . Open Access Theses and Dissertations...

  9. acquired uterine vascular: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Heritable Pulmonary Arterial (more) Lowery, Jonathan Wayne 2010-01-01 48 Acquired Dyslexia in Japanese: Implications for Reading Theory . Open Access Theses and Dissertations...

  10. acquired chronic hepatocerebral: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and progress after discharge... Herna?ndez, Caitlin Louise 2012-10-19 11 Acquired Dyslexia in Japanese: Implications for Reading Theory . Open Access Theses and Dissertations...

  11. acquired developmental brain: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and speech programming deficit Paris-Sud XI, Universit de 142 Acquired Dyslexia in Japanese: Implications for Reading Theory . Open Access Theses and Dissertations...

  12. acquired aplastic anemia: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the relationship of other symptoms (e.g., the desire to David F. Dean 51 Acquired Dyslexia in Japanese: Implications for Reading Theory . Open Access Theses and Dissertations...

  13. adult acquired flatfoot: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    cited in Jablonka and Lamb (Jablonka and Lamb, 2002 Burggren, Warren 14 Acquired Dyslexia in Japanese: Implications for Reading Theory . Open Access Theses and Dissertations...

  14. acquired pneumonia impact: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    reports with Clinical Pulmonary Infec- tion Score Yetisgen-Yildiz, Meliha 47 Acquired Dyslexia in Japanese: Implications for Reading Theory . Open Access Theses and Dissertations...

  15. acquired enamel pellicle: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of underground resources or insects are unknown authors 2004-01-01 35 Acquired Dyslexia in Japanese: Implications for Reading Theory . Open Access Theses and Dissertations...

  16. acquired immunodeficiencies icmaoi: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    blood samples. Dip-pen nanolithography (DPN) was used Shull, Kenneth R. 39 Acquired Dyslexia in Japanese: Implications for Reading Theory . Open Access Theses and Dissertations...

  17. advanced acquired immunodeficiency: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    blood samples. Dip-pen nanolithography (DPN) was used Shull, Kenneth R. 46 Acquired Dyslexia in Japanese: Implications for Reading Theory . Open Access Theses and Dissertations...

  18. acquired canine chronic: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    to mitral valve prolapse in humans ... Hadian, Mojtaba 2009-01-01 36 Acquired Dyslexia in Japanese: Implications for Reading Theory . Open Access Theses and Dissertations...

  19. acquired adamts13 deficiency: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    their within-study variance. For mortality outcomes, the unknown authors 20 Acquired Dyslexia in Japanese: Implications for Reading Theory . Open Access Theses and Dissertations...

  20. acquired immuno deficiency: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    their within-study variance. For mortality outcomes, the unknown authors 32 Acquired Dyslexia in Japanese: Implications for Reading Theory . Open Access Theses and Dissertations...

  1. acquiring surface protein-1: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    STI1 induces neuronal survival (more) Mohammad, Amro Hasan 2012-01-01 25 Acquired Dyslexia in Japanese: Implications for Reading Theory . Open Access Theses and Dissertations...

  2. acquired dsa images: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    possible neural mechanisms. Pegah Afra; Michael Funke; Fumisuke Matsuo 51 Acquired Dyslexia in Japanese: Implications for Reading Theory . Open Access Theses and Dissertations...

  3. acquired immunodificiency syndrome: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of concussion. (JINS, 2008, 14, 122.) Erin D. Bigler 2007-01-01 14 Acquired Dyslexia in Japanese: Implications for Reading Theory . Open Access Theses and Dissertations...

  4. acquired dermal melanocytosis: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    to cells cultured on glass and plastic, including Shreiber, David I. 27 Acquired Dyslexia in Japanese: Implications for Reading Theory . Open Access Theses and Dissertations...

  5. acquired karyotypic abnormality: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Some KA approaches use expectations of the entered knowledge to aid usersIntegrating Expectations from Different Sources to Help End Users Acquire Procedural Knowledge...

  6. acquired campylobacter jejuni: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    (more) Riley, Ellyn Anne 2011-01-01 112 Clinical characteristics and innate immunity in patients with community-acquired pneumonia. Open Access Theses and Dissertations Summary:...

  7. acquired fibular segmental: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Information Sciences Websites Summary: Cortical Enhanced Tissue Segmentation of Neonatal Brain MR Images Acquired by a Dedicated Phased Carolina at Chapel Hill Abstract The...

  8. Value Engineering

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2004-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

    To establish Department of Energy (DOE) value engineering policy that meets the requirements of Public Law 104-106, Section 4306 as codified by 41 United States Code 432. Canceled by DOE N 251.94. Does not cancel other directives.

  9. Aquatic Toxicity Information Retrieval Data Base (ACQUIRE). Data file

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of Acquire is to provide scientists and managers quick access to a comprehensive, systematic, computerized compilation of aquatic toxicity data. Scientific papers published both nationally and internationally on the toxicity of chemicals to aquatic organisms and plants are collected and reviewed for ACQUIRE. Independently compiled data files that meet ACQUIRE parameter and quality assurance criteria are also included. Selected toxicity test results and related testing information for any individual chemical from laboratory and field aquatic toxicity effects are included for tests with freshwater and marine organisms. The total number of data records in ACQUIRE is now over 105,300. This includes data from 6000 references, for 5200 chemicals and 2400 test species. A major data file, Acute Toxicity of Organic Chemicals (ATOC), has been incorporated into ACQUIRE. The ATOC file contains laboratory acute test data on 525 organic chemicals using juvenile fathead minnows.

  10. acquired elastotic hemangioma: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    systems. We bel... Reiter, E; Sripada, S G; 10.1613jair.1176 2011-01-01 9 Acquired Dyslexia in Japanese: Implications for Reading Theory . Open Access Theses and Dissertations...

  11. acquired toxoplasmosis caused: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    systems. We bel... Reiter, E; Sripada, S G; 10.1613jair.1176 2011-01-01 34 Acquired Dyslexia in Japanese: Implications for Reading Theory . Open Access Theses and Dissertations...

  12. acquired uniparental disomy: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    systems. We bel... Reiter, E; Sripada, S G; 10.1613jair.1176 2011-01-01 14 Acquired Dyslexia in Japanese: Implications for Reading Theory . Open Access Theses and Dissertations...

  13. acquired onchocerca volvulus: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    systems. We bel... Reiter, E; Sripada, S G; 10.1613jair.1176 2011-01-01 14 Acquired Dyslexia in Japanese: Implications for Reading Theory . Open Access Theses and Dissertations...

  14. acquired hemophilia due: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 21 Acquired Dyslexia in Japanese: Implications for Reading Theory . Open Access Theses and Dissertations...

  15. acquired cholesteatomas ct: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Dr MarkbarryDr BardstownTrl PepperPikeRd Wynnsto Kamat, Vineet R. 23 Acquired Dyslexia in Japanese: Implications for Reading Theory . Open Access Theses and Dissertations...

  16. acquired cutis laxa: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    systems. We bel... Reiter, E; Sripada, S G; 10.1613jair.1176 2011-01-01 11 Acquired Dyslexia in Japanese: Implications for Reading Theory . Open Access Theses and Dissertations...

  17. acquired amegakaryocytic thrombocytopenia: Topics by E-print...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    systems. We bel... Reiter, E; Sripada, S G; 10.1613jair.1176 2011-01-01 14 Acquired Dyslexia in Japanese: Implications for Reading Theory . Open Access Theses and Dissertations...

  18. acquired channelopathy involving: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    systems. We bel... Reiter, E; Sripada, S G; 10.1613jair.1176 2011-01-01 15 Acquired Dyslexia in Japanese: Implications for Reading Theory . Open Access Theses and Dissertations...

  19. acquired gastroduodenal fistula: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    systems. We bel... Reiter, E; Sripada, S G; 10.1613jair.1176 2011-01-01 19 Acquired Dyslexia in Japanese: Implications for Reading Theory . Open Access Theses and Dissertations...

  20. acquired visceral leishmaniasis: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    systems. We bel... Reiter, E; Sripada, S G; 10.1613jair.1176 2011-01-01 38 Acquired Dyslexia in Japanese: Implications for Reading Theory . Open Access Theses and Dissertations...

  1. acquired extrahepatic portosystemic: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    systems. We bel... Reiter, E; Sripada, S G; 10.1613jair.1176 2011-01-01 10 Acquired Dyslexia in Japanese: Implications for Reading Theory . Open Access Theses and Dissertations...

  2. acquired multidrug resistance12: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    systems. We bel... Reiter, E; Sripada, S G; 10.1613jair.1176 2011-01-01 37 Acquired Dyslexia in Japanese: Implications for Reading Theory . Open Access Theses and Dissertations...

  3. acquired valvular heart: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Darien m told him with a grin. Bobby glared and very... Sandy 2002-01-01 39 Acquired Dyslexia in Japanese: Implications for Reading Theory . Open Access Theses and Dissertations...

  4. abolish acquired nystagmus: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    systems. We bel... Reiter, E; Sripada, S G; 10.1613jair.1176 2011-01-01 23 Acquired Dyslexia in Japanese: Implications for Reading Theory . Open Access Theses and Dissertations...

  5. RESEARCH PROPOSAL The Master of Social Work program seeks candidates with a demonstrated interest in acquiring a deeper

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barthelat, Francois

    MSW Thesis RESEARCH PROPOSAL GUIDELINES The Master of Social Work program seeks candidates with a demonstrated interest in acquiring a deeper understanding of how to design and implement a study in the areas Work education are highly valued at the graduate level of study. In 4 pages maximum (single

  6. Earned Value Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ferguson, J

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Earned Value Management is a methodology used to measure and communicate the real physical progress of a project and show its true cost situation. This tool was developed by the US Department of Defense in 1967 and later used successfully for monitoring DOE projects, in particular the US LHC accelerator project. A clear distinction must be made between an earned value management system and other tools under consideration or already existing at CERN which permit accurate predictions of the amount and date of future payments or a detailed follow up of contracts.

  7. A Robust Determination of the Time Delay in 0957+561A,B and a Measurement of the Global Value of Hubble's Constant

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kundic, T; Colley, W N; Gott, J R; Rhoads, J E; Wang, Y; Bergeron, L E; Gloria, K A; Long, D C; Malhotra, S; Wambsganss, J; Kundic, Tomislav; Turner, Edwin L.; Colley, Wesley N.; Rhoads, James E.; Wang, Yun; Bergeron, Louis E.; Gloria, Karen A.; Long, Daniel C.; Malhotra, Sangeeta; Wambsganss, Joachim

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Photometric monitoring of the gravitational lens system 0957+561A,B in the g and r bands with the Apache Point Observatory (APO) 3.5 m telescope during 1996 shows a sharp g band event in the trailing (B) image light curve at the precise time predicted from the observation of an event during 1995 in the leading (A) image with a delay of 415 days. This success confirms the "short delay," and the lack of any feature at a delay near 540 days rejects the "long delay" for this system, resolving a long-standing controversy. A series of statistical analyses of our light curve data yield a best fit delay of 417 +/- 3 days (95% confidence interval). Recent improvements in the modeling of the lens system (consisting of a galaxy and cluster) allow us to derive a value of the global (at z = 0.36) value of Hubble's constant H_0 using Refsdal's method, a simple and direct distance determination based on securely understood physics and geometry. The result is H_0 = 63 +/- 12 km/s/Mpc (for Omega = 1) where this 95% confidence...

  8. A Robust Determination of the Time Delay in 0957+561A,B and a Measurement of the Global Value of Hubble's Constant

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tomislav Kundic; Edwin L. Turner; Wesley N. Colley; J. Richard Gott, III; James E. Rhoads; Yun Wang; Louis E. Bergeron; Karen A. Gloria; Daniel C. Long; Sangeeta Malhotra; Joachim Wambsganss

    1997-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

    Photometric monitoring of the gravitational lens system 0957+561A,B in the g and r bands with the Apache Point Observatory (APO) 3.5 m telescope during 1996 shows a sharp g band event in the trailing (B) image light curve at the precise time predicted from the observation of an event during 1995 in the leading (A) image with a delay of 415 days. This success confirms the "short delay," and the lack of any feature at a delay near 540 days rejects the "long delay" for this system, resolving a long-standing controversy. A series of statistical analyses of our light curve data yield a best fit delay of 417 +/- 3 days (95% confidence interval). Recent improvements in the modeling of the lens system (consisting of a galaxy and cluster) allow us to derive a value of the global (at z = 0.36) value of Hubble's constant H_0 using Refsdal's method, a simple and direct distance determination based on securely understood physics and geometry. The result is H_0 = 63 +/- 12 km/s/Mpc (for Omega = 1) where this 95% confidence interval is dominated by remaining lens model uncertainties.

  9. When word recognition goes wrong: Acquired dyslexia: brain damage (strokes).

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Reilly, Randall C.

    1 Dyslexia When word recognition goes wrong: Acquired dyslexia: brain damage (strokes). ­ Surface dyslexia: can't read irregular words (yacht). ­ Phonological dyslexia: can't read nonwords (nust). ­ Deep dyslexia: semantic errors (orchestra = symphony) Developmental dyslexia: this is most common and poorly

  10. acquired brain injuries: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    acquired brain injuries First Page Previous Page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Students requesting...

  11. acquired brain injury: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    acquired brain injury First Page Previous Page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Students requesting...

  12. acquired brain damage: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    acquired brain damage First Page Previous Page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Virtual Reality Rehabilitation of...

  13. THE DESIRE TO ACQUIRE: FORECASTING THE EVOLUTION OF HOUSEHOLD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    energy-using devices in the average U.S. household that used over 4,700 kWh of electricity, natural gas-using devices to energy price, household income, and the cost of these devices. This analysis findsTHE DESIRE TO ACQUIRE: FORECASTING THE EVOLUTION OF HOUSEHOLD ENERGY SERVICES by Steven Groves BASc

  14. Measurement uncertainty analysis techniques applied to PV performance measurements

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wells, C.

    1992-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this presentation is to provide a brief introduction to measurement uncertainty analysis, outline how it is done, and illustrate uncertainty analysis with examples drawn from the PV field, with particular emphasis toward its use in PV performance measurements. The uncertainty information we know and state concerning a PV performance measurement or a module test result determines, to a significant extent, the value and quality of that result. What is measurement uncertainty analysis? It is an outgrowth of what has commonly been called error analysis. But uncertainty analysis, a more recent development, gives greater insight into measurement processes and tests, experiments, or calibration results. Uncertainty analysis gives us an estimate of the I interval about a measured value or an experiment`s final result within which we believe the true value of that quantity will lie. Why should we take the time to perform an uncertainty analysis? A rigorous measurement uncertainty analysis: Increases the credibility and value of research results; allows comparisons of results from different labs; helps improve experiment design and identifies where changes are needed to achieve stated objectives (through use of the pre-test analysis); plays a significant role in validating measurements and experimental results, and in demonstrating (through the post-test analysis) that valid data have been acquired; reduces the risk of making erroneous decisions; demonstrates quality assurance and quality control measures have been accomplished; define Valid Data as data having known and documented paths of: Origin, including theory; measurements; traceability to measurement standards; computations; uncertainty analysis of results.

  15. Measurement of the 12C(e,e'p)11B Two-Body Breakup Reaction at High Missing Momentum Values

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Monaghan, P.; Shneor, R.; Subedi, R.; Anderson, B.D.; Aniol, K.; Annand, J.; Arrington, J.; Benaoum, H.; Benmokhtar, F.; Bertin, P.; Bertozzi, W.; Boeglin, W.; Chen, J.P.; Choi, Seonho; Chudakov, E.; Ciofi degli-Atti, C.; Cisbani, E.; Cosyn, W.; Craver, B.; de Jager, C.W.; Feuerbach, R.J.; Folts, E.; Frullani, S.; Garibaldi, F.; Gayou, O.; Gilad, S.; Gilman, R.; Glamazdin, O.; Gomez, J.; Hansen, O.; Higinbotham, D.W.; Holmstrom, T.; Ibrahim, H.; Igarashi, R.; Jans, E.; Jiang, X.; Jiang, Y.; Kaufman, L.; Kelleher, A.; Kolarkar, A.; Kuchina, E.; Kumbartzki, G.; LeRose, J.J.; Lindgren, R.; Liyanage, N.; Margaziotis, D.J.; Markowitz, P.; Marrone, S.; Mazouz, M.; Meekins, D.; Michaels, R.; Moffit, B.; Morita, H.; Nanda, S.; Perdrisat, C.F.; Piasetzky, E.; Potokar, M.; Punjabi, V.; Qiang, Y.; Reinhold, J.; Reitz, B.; Ron, G.; Rosner, G.; Ryckebusch, J.; Saha, A.; Sawatzky, B.; Segal, J.; Shahinyan, A.; Sirca, S.; Slifer, K.; Solvignon, P.; Sulkosky, V.; Thompson, N.; Ulmer, P.E.; Urciuoli, G.M.; Voutier, E.; Wang, K.; Watson, J.W.; Weinstein, L.B.; Wojtsekhowski, B.; Wood, S.; Yao, H.; Zheng, X.; Zhu, L.

    2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The five-fold differential cross section for the 12C(e,e'p)11B reaction was determined over a missing momentum range of 200-400 MeV/c, in a kinematics regime with Bjorken x > 1 and Q2 = 2.0 (GeV/c)2. A comparison of the results and theoretical models and previous lower missing momentum data is shown. The theoretical calculations agree well with the data up to a missing momentum value of 325 MeV/c and then diverge for larger missing momenta. The extracted distorted momentum distribution is shown to be consistent with previous data and extends the range of available data up to 400 MeV/c.

  16. Measurement of the 12C(e,e'p)11B Two-Body Breakup Reaction at High Missing Momentum Values

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    P. Monaghan; R. Shneor; R. Subedi; B. D. Anderson; K. Aniol; J. Annand; J. Arrington; H. Benaoum; F. Benmokhtar; P. Bertin; W. Bertozzi; W. Boeglin; J. P. Chen; Seonho Choi; E. Chudakov; C. Ciofi degli Atti; E. Cisbani; W. Cosyn; B. Craver; C. W. de Jager; R. J. Feuerbach; E. Folts; S. Frullani; F. Garibaldi; O. Gayou; S. Gilad; R. Gilman; O. Glamazdin; J. Gomez; O. Hansen; D. W. Higinbotham; T. Holmstrom; H. Ibrahim; R. Igarashi; E. Jans; X. Jiang; Y. Jiang; L. Kaufman; A. Kelleher; A. Kolarkar; E. Kuchina; G. Kumbartzki; J. J. LeRose; R. Lindgren; N. Liyanage; D. J. Margaziotis; P. Markowitz; S. Marrone; M. Mazouz; D. Meekins; R. Michaels; B. Moffit; H. Morita; S. Nanda; C. F. Perdrisat; E. Piasetzky; M. Potokar; V. Punjabi; Y. Qiang; J. Reinhold; B. Reitz; G. Ron; G. Rosner; J. Ryckebusch; A. Saha; B. Sawatzky; J. Segal; A. Shahinyan; S. Sirca; K. Slifer; P. Solvignon; V. Sulkosky; N. Thompson; P. E. Ulmer; G. M. Urciuoli; E. Voutier; K. Wang; J. W. Watson; L. B. Weinstein; B. Wojtsekhowski; S. Wood; H. Yao; X. Zheng; L. Zhu

    2014-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

    The five-fold differential cross section for the 12C(e,e'p)11B reaction was determined over a missing momentum range of 200-400 MeV/c, in a kinematics regime with Bjorken x > 1 and Q2 = 2.0 (GeV/c)2. A comparison of the results and theoretical models and previous lower missing momentum data is shown. The theoretical calculations agree well with the data up to a missing momentum value of 325 MeV/c and then diverge for larger missing momenta. The extracted distorted momentum distribution is shown to be consistent with previous data and extends the range of available data up to 400 MeV/c.

  17. The performance check between whole building thermal performance criteria and exterior wall measured clear wall R-value, thermal bridging, thermal mass, and airtightness

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kosny, J.; Christian, J.E.; Desjarlais, A.O. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States). Buildings Technology Center; Kossecka, E. [Polish Academy of Sciences (Poland); Berrenberg, L. [American Polysteel Forms (United States)

    1998-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    At the last IEA Annex 32 meeting it was proposed that the annex develop the links between level 1 (the whole building performance) and level 2 (the envelope system). This paper provides a case study of just that type of connection. An exterior wall mockup is hot box tested and modeled in the laboratory. Measurements of the steady state and dynamic behavior of this mockup are used as the basis to define the thermal bridging, thermal mass benefit and air tightness of the whole wall system. These level two performance characteristics are related to the whole building performance. They can be analyzed by a finite difference modeling of the wall assembly. An equivalent wall theory is used to convert three dimensional heat flow to one dimensional terms that capture thermal mass effects, which in turn are used in a common whole building simulation model. This paper illustrates a performance check between the thermal performance of a Massive ICF (Insulating Concrete Form) wall system mocked up (level 2) and Whole Building Performance criteria (level 1) such as total space heating and cooling loads (thermal comfort).

  18. Valuing Place through Resources: Incorporating Multi-dimensional Values in Decision Processes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bardenhagen, Eric Karsten

    2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    in a national park. Existing valuation methods produce reliable measures for market resources, but are criticized for their inability to express values beyond uni-dimensional monetary values. Expressed values of park visitors for the natural...

  19. Measurement Measurement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Type Measurement Type Measurement Type Measurement Type Measurement Catch Composition - Pelagic codes M Male F Female I Indeterminate U Unknown (not inspected) #12;Type Measurement Type Measurement Type Measurement Type Measurement Photos Comment Length 1 Version 1.2 6/2011 HookNo. Species name

  20. Sustainable value analysis tool for value creation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Miying; Vladimirova, Doroteya; Rana, Padmakshi; Evans, Steve

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    opportunities in the company. For example, the waste of low-grade heat and water was identified to be a major value uncaptured in the MOL, and the value opportunity is that it can be used to produce electricity or drive the compressor, or vaporize the liquid O2... to environment and society. However, the concept of value missed needs further clarity – value currently squandered, wasted or inadequately captured by a current business model. Besides, selling service is intangible, flexible and unpredictable, therefore...

  1. Acquiring information about neutrino parameters by detecting supernova neutrinos

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Huang, Ming-Yang; Guo, Xin-Heng [College of Nuclear Science and Technology, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875 (China); Young, Bing-Lin [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 5001 (United States); Institute of Theoretical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190 (China)

    2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider the supernova shock effects, the Mikheyev-Smirnov-Wolfenstein effects, the collective effects, and the Earth matter effects in the detection of type II supernova neutrinos on the Earth. It is found that the event number of supernova neutrinos depends on the neutrino mass hierarchy, the neutrino mixing angle {theta}{sub 13}, and neutrino masses. Therefore, we propose possible methods to identify the mass hierarchy and acquire information about {theta}{sub 13} and neutrino masses by detecting supernova neutrinos. We apply these methods to some current neutrino experiments.

  2. acquired bilateral nevus: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    theory is used to model a Pareto-efficient settlement point. The model predicts, locational marginal price, Nash bargaining theory, risk aversion, conditional value-at-risk....

  3. Acquiring Land Use Rights in Today's China: A Snapshot from on the Ground

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stein, Gregory M.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    gov- ernment has gained experience, and outside buyers have become more anxious to acquire rights to develop land in China.

  4. Laser photons acquire circular polarization by interacting with a Dirac or Majorana neutrino beam

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rohoollah Mohammadi; She-Sheng Xue

    2014-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

    It is shown that for the reason of neutrinos being left-handed and their gauge-couplings being parity-violated, linearly polarized photons acquire their circular polarization by interacting with neutrinos. Calculating the ratio of linear and circular polarizations of laser photons interacting with either Dirac or Majorana neutrino beam, we obtain this ratio for the Dirac neutrino case, which is about twice less than the ratio for the Majorana neutrino case. Based on this ratio, we discuss the possibility of using advanced laser facilities and the T2K neutrino experiment to measure the circular polarization of laser beams interacting with neutrino beams in ground laboratories. This could be an additional and useful way to gain some insight into the physics of neutrinos, for instance their Dirac or Majorana nature.

  5. EA-0513: Approaches for Acquiring Energy Savings in Commercial Sector Buildings, Bonneville Power Administration

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This EA evaluates the environmental impacts of a proposal for DOE's Bonneville Power Administration to use several diverse approaches to purchase or acquire energy savings from commercial sector...

  6. acquired non-typhoidal salmonella: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Some KA approaches use expectations of the entered knowledge to aid usersIntegrating Expectations from Different Sources to Help End Users Acquire Procedural Knowledge...

  7. High coking value pitch

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Miller, Douglas J.; Chang, Ching-Feng; Lewis, Irwin C.; Lewis, Richard T.

    2014-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

    A high coking value pitch prepared from coal tar distillate and has a low softening point and a high carbon value while containing substantially no quinoline insolubles is disclosed. The pitch can be used as an impregnant or binder for producing carbon and graphite articles.

  8. Guidelines for Acquiring FUV Detector Calibration Data Date: November 14, 2000

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Colorado at Boulder, University of

    Guidelines for Acquiring FUV Detector Calibration Data Date: November 14, 2000 Document Number: COS-14-00 The Center for Astrophysics and Space Astronomy Reviewed: Approved: Guidelines for Acquiring FUV Detector Calibration Data Size Code Indent No. Document No. Rev A COS-11-0026 - Scale: N/A #12;COS-11-0026 November 14

  9. Africa Becoming a Biofuel Battleground Western companies are pushing to acquire vast

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Africa Becoming a Biofuel Battleground Western companies are pushing to acquire vast stretches of African land to meet the world's biofuel needs By Horand Knaup Western companies are pushing to acquire vast stretches of African land to meet the world's biofuel needs. Local farmers and governments

  10. Learning to be different: acquired skills, social learning, frequency dependence, and environmental variation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mangel, Marc

    skills for multiple prey types. (3) The learning curve for acquiring new foraging skills is acceleratingLearning to be different: acquired skills, social learning, frequency dependence, and environmental Question: How does the ability to improve foraging skills by learning, and to transfer that learned

  11. Aquatic toxicity information on VAX VMS backup (ACQUIRE for VMS). Data file

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of Acquire is to provide scientists and managers quick access to a comprehensive, systematic, computerized compilation of aquatic toxicity data. Scientific papers published both nationally and internationally on the toxicity of chemicals to aquatic organisms and plants are collected and reviewed for ACQUIRE. Independently compiled data files that meet ACQUIRE parameter and quality assurance criteria are also included. Selected toxicity test results and related testing information for any individual chemical from laboratory and field aquatic toxicity effects are included for tests with freshwater and marine organisms. The total number of data records in ACQUIRE is now over 105,300. This includes data from 6000 references, for 5200 chemicals and 2400 test species. A major data file, Acute Toxicity of Organic Chemicals (ATOC), has been incorporated into ACQUIRE. The ATOC file contains laboratory acute test data on 525 organic chemicals using juvenile fathead minnows.

  12. Economic Value of Agricultural

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Economic Value of Agricultural Research Public Investment in Texas Agricultural Research Yields Significant Economic Returns #12;Texas agricultural producers and especially consumers benefit directly from public investment in agricultural research. According to a 2006 study (Huffman and Evenson), the overall

  13. Photovoltaics Value Analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Contreras, J.L.; Frantzis, L.; Blazewicz, S.; Pinault, D.; Sawyer, H.

    2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The goals of this report are to identify best practices in methodologies for estimating the value of distributed PV technologies, identify gaps in existing knowledge, and outline R&D opportunities.

  14. Value of Information References

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Morency, Christina

    This file contains a list of relevant references on value of information (VOI) in RIS format. VOI provides a quantitative analysis to evaluate the outcome of the combined technologies (seismology, hydrology, geodesy) used to monitor Brady's Geothermal Field.

  15. Value of Information References

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Morency, Christina

    2014-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

    This file contains a list of relevant references on value of information (VOI) in RIS format. VOI provides a quantitative analysis to evaluate the outcome of the combined technologies (seismology, hydrology, geodesy) used to monitor Brady's Geothermal Field.

  16. The Rebate Value Process with Some Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Welch, Nathan M.

    2013-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 4 ?-Forward Measure 33 A Appendix: Delayed Recovery 37 v Chapter 1 Preliminaries We study an arbitrage-free economy on a filtered probability space (?,G ,(Gt)t?0,P), where P is a risk-neutral measure. Associated with the risk-neutral measure is a... { Ds Dt ? ? ?Gt } , see also Sec. 1.2. Recall that the forward price at t of an asset X for delivery at s ? t is defined to be the Gt- measurable value FX(t,s) that makes the value of the forward pay-off at time s, Xs?FX(t,s), equal to zero at time t...

  17. Enhancing entanglement trapping by weak measurement and quantum measurement reversal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ying-Jie Zhang; Wei Han; Heng Fan; Yun-Jie Xia

    2015-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper, we propose a scheme to enhance trapping of entanglement of two qubits in the environment of a photonic band gap material. Our entanglement trapping promotion scheme makes use of combined weak measurements and quantum measurement reversals. The optimal promotion of entanglement trapping can be acquired with a reasonable finite success probability by adjusting measurement strengths.

  18. Non-representative quantum mechanical weak values

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. E. Y. Svensson

    2015-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

    The operational definition of a weak value for a quantum mechanical system involves the limit of the weak measurement strength tending to zero. I study how this limit compares to the situation for the undisturbed (no weak measurement) system. Under certain conditions, which I investigate, this limit is discontinuous in the sense that it does not merge smoothly to the Hilbert space description of the undisturbed system. Hence, in these discontinuous cases, the weak value does not represent the undisturbed system. As a result, conclusions drawn from such weak values regarding the properties of the studied system cannot be upheld. Examples are given.

  19. Value of Information spreadsheet

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Trainor-Guitton, Whitney

    This spreadsheet represents the information posteriors derived from synthetic data of magnetotellurics (MT). These were used to calculate value of information of MT for geothermal exploration. Information posteriors describe how well MT was able to locate the "throat" of clay caps, which are indicative of hidden geothermal resources. This data is full explained in the peer-reviewed publication: Trainor-Guitton, W., Hoversten, G. M., Ramirez, A., Roberts, J., Júlíusson, E., Key, K., Mellors, R. (Sept-Oct. 2014) The value of spatial information for determining well placement: a geothermal example, Geophysics.

  20. Value of Information spreadsheet

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Trainor-Guitton, Whitney

    2014-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

    This spreadsheet represents the information posteriors derived from synthetic data of magnetotellurics (MT). These were used to calculate value of information of MT for geothermal exploration. Information posteriors describe how well MT was able to locate the "throat" of clay caps, which are indicative of hidden geothermal resources. This data is full explained in the peer-reviewed publication: Trainor-Guitton, W., Hoversten, G. M., Ramirez, A., Roberts, J., Júlíusson, E., Key, K., Mellors, R. (Sept-Oct. 2014) The value of spatial information for determining well placement: a geothermal example, Geophysics.

  1. acquired cell-mediated immunodepression: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    systems. We bel... Reiter, E; Sripada, S G; 10.1613jair.1176 2011-01-01 24 Acquired Dyslexia in Japanese: Implications for Reading Theory . Open Access Theses and Dissertations...

  2. acquired h-ns-like proteins: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    systems. We bel... Reiter, E; Sripada, S G; 10.1613jair.1176 2011-01-01 13 Acquired Dyslexia in Japanese: Implications for Reading Theory . Open Access Theses and Dissertations...

  3. LETTER Revisiting telegony: offspring inherit an acquired characteristic of their mother's previous mate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bonduriansky, Russell

    effect with potential implications for the evolution of reproductive strategies. Keywords Condition, diet, inheritance of acquired traits, non-genetic inheritance, paternal effect, plasticity, seminal proteins it lacked unequivocal empirical support and was deemed incompatible with Mendelian genetics (Burkhardt 1979

  4. Du you any one can comment on where to study and how to acquire...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    comment on where to study and how to acquire the LEED CERTIFICATION FOR INDIVIDUALS & BUILDINGS? Home > Groups > OpenEI Community Central LEED GA LEED AP - BD & C LEED AP - O & M...

  5. A PC-based telemetry system for acquiring and reducing data from multiple PCM streams

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Simms, D A; Butterfield, C P

    1991-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Solar Energy Research Institute's (SERI) Wind Research Program is using Pulse Code Modulation (PCM) telemetry data-acquisition systems to study horizontal-axis wind turbines. Many PCM systems are combined for use in test installations that require accurate measurements from a variety of different locations. SERI has found them ideal for data-acquisition from multiple wind turbines and meteorological towers in wind parks. A major problem has been in providing the capability to quickly combine and examine incoming data from multiple PCM sources in the field. To solve this problem, SERI has developed a low-cost PC-based PCM telemetry data-reduction system to facilitate quick, in-the-field multiple-channel data analysis. Called the PC-PCM System,'' it consists of two basic components. First, PC-compatible hardware boards are used to decode and combine multiple PCM data streams. Up to four hardware boards can be installed in a single PC, which provides the capability to combine data from four PCM streams directly to PC disk or memory. Each stream can have up to 62 data channels. Second, a software package written for use under DOS was developed to simplify data-acquisition control and management. The software provides a quick, easy-to-use interface between the PC and multiple PCM data streams. Called the Quick-Look Data Management Program,'' it is a comprehensive menu-driven package used to organize, acquire, process, and display information from incoming PCM data streams. The paper describes both hardware and software aspects of the SERI PC-PCM system, concentrating on features that make it useful in an experiment test environment to quickly examine and verify incoming data from multiple PCM streams. Also discussed are problems and techniques associated with PC-based telemetry data-acquisition, processing, and real-time display. 11 refs., 2 figs., 3 tabs.

  6. Hanford Advisory Board Values

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC) EnvironmentalGyroSolé(tm) Harmonic EngineHIV andApril 8-9, Advisory BoardPageValues

  7. Core Values | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Core Values Core Values People - People are our most important resource. We respect and use our experience and skills and appreciate our diversity. Business Excellence - We are...

  8. Method and system for calibrating acquired spectra for use in spectral analysis

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Reber, Edward L. (Idaho Falls, ID); Rohde, Kenneth W. (Idaho Falls, ID); Blackwood, Larry G. (Bozeman, MT)

    2010-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

    A method for calibrating acquired spectra for use in spectral analysis includes performing Gaussian peak fitting to spectra acquired by a plurality of NaI detectors to define peak regions. A Na and annihilation doublet may be located among the peak regions. A predetermined energy level may be applied to one of the peaks in the doublet and a location of a hydrogen peak may be predicted based on the location of at least one of the peaks of the doublet. Control systems for calibrating spectra are also disclosed.

  9. Value of the energy data base

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    King, D.W.; Griffiths, J.M.; Roderer, N.K.; Wiederkehr, R.R.V.

    1982-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

    An assessment was made of the Energy Data Base (EDB) of the Department of Energy's Technical Information Center (TIC). As the major resource containing access information to the world's energy literature, EDB products and services are used extensively by energy researchers to identify journal articles, technical reports and other items of potential utility in their work. The approach taken to assessing value begins with the measurement of extent of use of the EDB. Apparent value is measured in terms of willingness to pay. Consequential value is measured in terms of effect - for searching, the cost of reading which results; and for reading, the savings which result from the application of the information obtained in reading. Resulting estimates of value reflect value to the searchers, the reader, and the reader's organization or funding source. A survey of the 60,000 scientists and eingineers funded by the DOE shows that annually they read about 7.1 million journal articles and 6.6 million technical reports. A wide range of savings values were reported for one-fourth of all article readings and three-fourths of all report readings. There was an average savings of $590 per reading of all articles; there was an average savings of $1280 for technical reports. The total annual savings attributable to reading by DOE-funded scientists and engineers is estimated to be about $13 billion. An investment of $5.3 billion in the generation of information and about $500 million in processing and using information yields a partial return of about $13 billion. Overall, this partial return on investment is about 2.2 to 1. In determining the value of EDB only those searches and readings directly attributable to it are included in the analysis. The values are $20 million to the searchers, $117 million to the readers and $3.6 billion to DOE.

  10. Avian Mite Bites Acquired From a New Source--Pet Gerbils

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lucky, Andrea

    Avian Mite Bites Acquired From a New Source--Pet Gerbils Report of 2 Cases and Review infested pet gerbils and reviews the der- matologic literature about avian mites. Observations: An 11-year their pet gerbils were found to be infested with Ornithonyssus sylviarum (the northern fowl mite

  11. How Did Dread Pirate Roberts Acquire and Protect His Bitcoin Wealth?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    How Did Dread Pirate Roberts Acquire and Protect His Bitcoin Wealth? Dorit Ron and Adi Shamir.ron,adi.shamir}@weizmann.ac.il Abstract. The Bitcoin scheme is one of the most popular and talked about alternative payment schemes. One of the most active parts of the Bitcoin ecosystem was the Silk Road marketplace, in which highly illegal

  12. Thompson's early work was performed at the North American Science Center (later acquired by Rockwell International),

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Zhiqun

    #12;Thompson's early work was performed at the North American Science Center (later acquired/University Cooperative Research Program. Thompson joined Iowa State's Department of Materials Science and Engineering in 1986. Thompson was named CNDE director in 1997. During his tenure, the CNDE has continued

  13. Cortical Enhanced Tissue Segmentation of Neonatal Brain MR Images Acquired by a Dedicated Phased Array Coil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Utah, University of

    Cortical Enhanced Tissue Segmentation of Neonatal Brain MR Images Acquired by a Dedicated Phased Carolina at Chapel Hill Abstract The acquisition of high quality MR images of neonatal brains is largely hampered by their characteristically small head size and low tissue contrast. As a result, subsequent image

  14. A Secret Sharing Scheme for Preventing the Cheaters from Acquiring the Hassan Jameel, Sungyoung Lee

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A Secret Sharing Scheme for Preventing the Cheaters from Acquiring the Secret Hassan Jameel { hassan, sylee }@oslab.khu.ac.kr Abstract. In this paper, we propose a secret sharing scheme which prevents the cheaters from recovering the secret when the honest participants cannot, with high probability

  15. Brief description of Valuing Intellectual Capital, Multinationals and Taxhavens

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pratt, Vaughan

    methods for measuring the value of intangible assets within their company Author is an emeritus professor at Stanford University and a leading consultant on IP valuation Valuing Intellectual Capital provides readers that illustrates how large corporations need to measure the worth of their intangible assets. Each method

  16. Sandia National Laboratories: PV Value®

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and PV industry sales staff. For appraisers, the inputs specific to PV in the Residential Green and Energy Efficient Addendum can be used as inputs to PV Value. Valuing a PV...

  17. The Value of Emissions Trading

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Webster, Mort David.

    This paper estimates the value of international emissions trading, focusing attention on a here-to-fore neglected component: its value as a hedge against uncertainty. Much analysis has been done of the Kyoto Protocol and ...

  18. Value stream mapping and earned value management : two perspectives on value in product development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Whitaker, Ryan Brent

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The concepts of value and value stream are crucial to the philosophy of Lean, and a better understanding of how these concepts relate to product development (PD) is essential for the creation of a Lean PD strategy. This ...

  19. Report of spectral gamma-ray surveys acquired for the 200-UP-2 project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kos, S.E.

    1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Ten boreholes were logged with the high-resolution, high-purity germanium (PHGe) passive gamma-ray tool, Radionuclide Logging System (RLS), for the 200-UP-2 project. The surveys were acquired during the period September, 1993 to March, 1994. All of the surveys identified the presence of gamma-emitting man-made radionuclides in the sediments surrounding the boreholes. In all of the wells, contamination occurred at or very near ground surface.

  20. Classification of subsurface objects using singular values derived from signal frames

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Chambers, David H; Paglieroni, David W

    2014-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

    The classification system represents a detected object with a feature vector derived from the return signals acquired by an array of N transceivers operating in multistatic mode. The classification system generates the feature vector by transforming the real-valued return signals into complex-valued spectra, using, for example, a Fast Fourier Transform. The classification system then generates a feature vector of singular values for each user-designated spectral sub-band by applying a singular value decomposition (SVD) to the N.times.N square complex-valued matrix formed from sub-band samples associated with all possible transmitter-receiver pairs. The resulting feature vector of singular values may be transformed into a feature vector of singular value likelihoods and then subjected to a multi-category linear or neural network classifier for object classification.

  1. "Education for Sustainable Development allows every human being to acquire the knowl-edge, skills, attitudes and values necessary to shape a sustainable future"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tanaka, Jiro

    | Climate Change | Education | Disaster Risk Reduction | Cultural Diversity | Poverty Reduction | Gender

  2. Fitzwilliam Museum set to acquire Poussin masterpiece as joint 3.9m fundraising campaign with the Art Fund

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zeki, Semir

    Fitzwilliam Museum set to acquire Poussin masterpiece as joint £3.9m fundraising campaign (1594 ­ 1665), Extreme Unction, oil on canvas, 95.5 x 121cm A campaign by the Fitzwilliam Museum and the Art Fund to raise £3.9m to enable the museum to acquire Nicolas Poussin's masterpiece Extreme Unction

  3. Earned Value Management System (EVMS)

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2012-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

    This Guide provides approaches for implementing the Earned Value Management System (EVMS) requirements of DOE O 413.3B. Cancels DOE G 413.3-10.

  4. Sensitivity study of borehole-to-surface and crosswell electromagnetic measurements acquired with energized steel casing to water

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torres-Verdín, Carlos

    with energized steel casing to water displacement in hydrocarbon-bearing layers David Pardo1 , Carlos Torres- gized steel casing in the presence of subsurface variations of electrical resistivity. Casing- gized steel casing are performed with a goal-oriented hp- adaptive finite-element method

  5. Measure Valued Solutions to a Harvesting Game with Several Players

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shen, Wen

    the density of a fish population, or some other marine resource. In one space dimension, a steady state growth, while µi is the amount of fish caught by the i-th fishing company. Here µ1, . . . , µN describe(x) = + for all x P. We then study the density of the fish population in the case of a large number of fishermen

  6. November, 1994 Page 1 MEASURING THE VALUE OF KNOWLEDGE 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reich, Yoram

    ). The study of knowledge valuation methods is also motivated by more immediate reasons. The first and most general motivation is related to education and knowledge acquisition: Knowledge valuation methods can help is methodological: Knowledge valuation methods can support the evaluation of systems developed in research

  7. Convergence theorems for measures with values in Riesz spaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Candeloro, Domenico

    b = i=1 ai,(i), for some ININ . A sequence (rn)n in R is said to be (D)-convergent to r R (and is said to be weakly -distributive if for every (D)-sequence (ai,l)i,l we have: ININ i=1 ai,(i) = 0. From

  8. Temporal Specifications with Accumulative Values

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boker, Udi

    Temporal Specifications with Accumulative Values Udi Boker, Krishnendu Chatterjee, Thomas A the accumulation of values along a computation. It is either the accumulated summation, as with the energy objectives, or the accumulated average, as with the mean-payoff objectives. We investigate the extension

  9. Report of spectral gamma-ray surveys acquired for the 200-UP-1 project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kos, S.E.

    1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Four (4) boreholes were surveyed for the 200-UP-1 project utilizing the high-purity germanium and sodium logging systems. The surveys were acquired during the period April-September, 1994. The objectives of the surveys were to identify the presence, species, and relative activities of man-made gamma-ray emitting radionuclides, and to use log data to correlate stratigraphic features between boreholes. No man-made radionuclides were detected in the subsurface below 2 feet in depth in any of the boreholes.

  10. The role of feline syncytium forming virus in feline immunodeficiency virus-mediated acquired immunodeficiency

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zenger, Elizabeth

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ) and feline syncytium-forming virus (FeSFV) alone and in combination were studied to help define the role of FeSFV as a potentiating cofactor in FIV-mediated acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Healthy specific pathogen free (SPF) cats age 9 months... were divided into 2 groups for the first phase of the experiment: 13 cats were experimentally infected with FeSFV and 12 cats served as uninfected controls. Four months following FeSFV inoculation, 7 FeSFV positive and 7 FeSFV negative cats were...

  11. Analysis of value creation and value capture in microfluidics market

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yadav, Shailendra

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Advances in microfluidics in the last two decade have created a tremendous technological value which is shaping genomics; drug discovery; proteomics; and point-of-care diagnostics. The positive impact has resulted in faster ...

  12. Measuring Large Optical Transmission Matrices of Disordered Media

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yu, Hyeonseung

    We report a measurement of the large optical transmission matrix (TM) of a complex turbid medium. The TM is acquired using polarization-sensitive, full-field interferometric microscopy equipped with a rotating galvanometer ...

  13. A review of acquired thermotolerance, heat shock proteins, and molecular chaperones in archaea

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Trent, J.D.

    1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Acquired thermotolerance, the associated synthesis of heat-shock proteins (HSPs) under stress conditions, and the role of HSPs as molecular chaperones under normal growth conditions have been studied extensively in eukaryotes and bacteria, whereas research in these areas in archaea is only beginning. All organisms have evolved a variety of strategies for coping with high-temperature stress, and among these strategies is the increased synthesis of HSPs. The facts that both high temperatures and chemical stresses induce the HSPs and that some of the HSPs recognize and bind to unfolded proteins in vitro have led to the theory that the function of HSPs is to prevent protein aggregation in vivo. The facts that some HSPs are abundant under normal growth conditions and that they assist in protein folding in vitro have led to the theory that they assist protein folding in vivo; in this role, they are referred to as molecular chaperones. The limited research on acquired thermotolerance, HSPs, and molecular chaperones in archaea, particularly the hyperthermophilic archaea, suggests that these extremophiles provide a new perspective in these areas of research, both because they are members of a separate phylogenetic domain and because they have evolved to live under extreme conditions.

  14. Factors Affecting Option Premium Values

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Jason; Smith, Jackie; Dhuyvetter, Kevin C.; Waller, Mark L.

    1999-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

    Factors Affecting Option Premium Values Jason Johnson, Jackie Smith, Kevin Dhuyvetter and Mark Waller* Put Options Hedging in the futures market with options is much like buying an insurance policy to protect commodity sellers against declining...

  15. Earned Value Management System (EVMS)

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2008-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

    The Guide supports the Departments initiatives to improve program, project, and contract management through the implementation and surveillance of contractors earned value management systems. Canceled by DOE G 413.3-10A.

  16. Measurement-Measurement-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jeong, Jaehoon "Paul"

    Internet Measurement- System A Measurement- System B Control System GPS Satellite GPS Satellite GPS Receiver GPS Receiver 2) measurement 3) data1) command Methodology for One-way IP Performance Measurement This paper proposes a methodology for measurement of one-way IP performance metrics such as one-way delay

  17. Double-{beta} decay Q value of {sup 150}Nd

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kolhinen, V. S.; Eronen, T.; Gorelov, D.; Hakala, J.; Jokinen, A.; Kankainen, A.; Moore, I. D.; Rissanen, J.; Saastamoinen, A.; Suhonen, J.; Aeystoe, J. [Department of Physics, P. O. Box 35 (YFL), FI-40014 University of Jyvaeskylae (Finland)

    2010-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The double-{beta} decay Q value of {sup 150}Nd was determined by using the JYFLTRAP Penning trap mass spectrometer. The measured mass difference between {sup 150}Nd and {sup 150}Sm is 3371.38(20) keV. This new value deviates by 3.7 keV from the previously adopted value of 3367.7(22) keV and is a factor of 10 more precise. Accurate knowledge of this Q value is important because {sup 150}Nd is a primary candidate to be used in the search for neutrinoless double-{beta} decay modes in several experiments.

  18. PV Value | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the.pdfBreaking ofOilNEWResponse(Expired) | DepartmentINLDepartmentPV Value PV Value PV

  19. Raman Lidar Profiles–Temperature (RLPROFTEMP) Value-Added Product

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Newsom, RK; Sivaraman, C; McFarlane, SA

    2012-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this document is to describe the Raman Lidar Profiles–Temperature (RLPROFTEMP) value-added product (VAP) and the procedures used to derive atmospheric temperature profiles from the raw RL measurements. Sections 2 and 4 describe the input and output variables, respectively. Section 3 discusses the theory behind the measurement and the details of the algorithm, including calibration and overlap correction.

  20. Creating Value Wood Products Industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Louisiana Forest Products Development Center #12;2 Louisiana is blessed with quality timberland for the Wood Products Industry The forest industry contributes more than 50 percent of the total value of all for quality information, research and education in forest products in Louisiana, recognized regionally

  1. Weak Values and Relational Generalisations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas Marlow

    2006-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

    We justify generalisations of weak values from a tentatively relational perspective by deriving them from a generalisation of Bayes' rule. We also argue that these generalisations have implications of quantum nonlocality and may form a novel approach to quantum gravity and cosmology.

  2. Adding Value to Agricultural Products

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anderson, David P.; Hanselka, Daniel

    2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and some of the viscera into menudo or tripas. Booker Packing Company, Caviness Packing Company and J&B Foods are some of the compa- nies adding value to meat successfully in spite of processing costs. A recent survey of such companies indicated...

  3. Q value of the 100Mo Double-Beta Decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. Rahaman; V. -V. Elomaa; T. Eronen; J. Hakala; A. Jokinen; J. Julin; A. Kankainen; A. Saastamoinen; J. Suhonen; C. Weber; J. Äystö

    2007-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

    Penning trap measurements using mixed beams of 100Mo - 100Ru and 76Ge - 76Se have been utilized to determine the double-beta decay Q-values of 100Mo and 76Ge with uncertainties less than 200 eV. The value for 76Ge, 2039.04(16) keV is in agreement with the published SMILETRAP value. The new value for 100Mo, 3034.40(17) keV is 30 times more precise than the previous literature value, sufficient for the ongoing neutrinoless double-beta decay searches in 100Mo. Moreover, the precise Q-value is used to calculate the phase-space integrals and the experimental nuclear matrix element of double-beta decay.

  4. Measurement function paces move to real-time pipe line

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Leitschuh, R.C. Jr. (Tenneco Gas, Houston, TX (United States))

    1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As progressive companies confront today's demanding competitive environment, trends are developing in the quest for the ideal pipe line operating system. Common among strategies is the concept of real time'' operations. Real time must be built and it will be defined by its weakest link. Ideally, real time should be a condition where any authorized person can access the system and obtain information that is current at any time. Real time necessitates that data are not just generated or collected on a continuous basis but are given added value and processed continuously and instantaneously. Ultimately, real time implies that queried information is accurate and can be used without correction or alteration. Generally, measurement hardware can be divided into three groups: Transmitters to acquire the dynamic variables of pressures and temperatures; Gas property determination equipment such as chromatographs, calorimeters and gravitometers for gas composition variables; Flow computers for processing and adding value to data. This paper discusses these components along with software systems, measurement methods, correction methods and cost benefit.

  5. Method of absorbance correction in a spectroscopic heating value sensor

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Saveliev, Alexei; Jangale, Vilas Vyankatrao; Zelepouga, Sergeui; Pratapas, John

    2013-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

    A method and apparatus for absorbance correction in a spectroscopic heating value sensor in which a reference light intensity measurement is made on a non-absorbing reference fluid, a light intensity measurement is made on a sample fluid, and a measured light absorbance of the sample fluid is determined. A corrective light intensity measurement at a non-absorbing wavelength of the sample fluid is made on the sample fluid from which an absorbance correction factor is determined. The absorbance correction factor is then applied to the measured light absorbance of the sample fluid to arrive at a true or accurate absorbance for the sample fluid.

  6. Critique of ``Expected Value`` models

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    May, W.L.

    1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    There are a number of models in the defense community which use a methodology referred to as ``Expected Value`` to perform sequential calculations of unit attritions or expenditures. The methodology applied to two-sided, dependent, sequential events can result in an incorrect model. An example of such an incorrect model is offered to show that these models may yield results which deviate significantly from a stochastic or Markov process approach. The example was derived from an informal discussion at the Center for Naval Analyses.

  7. UMTRA Project value engineering plan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1990-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of value engineering (VE) on the Uranium MILL Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project is to ensure that remedial action at the UMTRA Project sites is performed to meet the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) standards for inactive uranium mill tailings sites at the lowest cost, while maintaining a high quality of work. Through review of designs and consideration of reasonable, less expensive alternatives, VE can be an effective cost reduction tool and a means to improve the design. The UMTRA Project products are the design and construction of stabilized tailings embankments.

  8. Property Values | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroupPerfectenergyInformationProject ManagementTexasCountriesViewValues

  9. Earned Value Management System RM

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 1112011 Strategic Plan Department ofNotices |Notice The Crystal CityofVehicles ||3 -3Earned Value

  10. Power-recycled weak-value-based metrology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lyons, Kevin; Jordan, Andrew N; Howell, John C; Kwiat, Paul G

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We improve the precision of the interferometric weak-value-based beam deflection measurement by introducing a power recycling mirror, creating a resonant cavity. This results in \\emph{all} the light exiting to the detector with a large deflection, thus eliminating the inefficiency of the rare postselection. The signal-to-noise ratio of the deflection is itself magnified by the weak value. We discuss ways to realize this proposal, using a transverse beam filter and different cavity designs.

  11. Power-recycled weak-value-based metrology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kevin Lyons; Justin Dressel; Andrew N. Jordan; John C. Howell; Paul G. Kwiat

    2015-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

    We improve the precision of the interferometric weak-value-based beam deflection measurement by introducing a power recycling mirror, creating a resonant cavity. This results in \\emph{all} the light exiting to the detector with a large deflection, thus eliminating the inefficiency of the rare postselection. The signal-to-noise ratio of the deflection is itself magnified by the weak value. We discuss ways to realize this proposal, using a transverse beam filter and different cavity designs.

  12. Fidelity of Physical Measurements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas B. Bahder

    2011-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

    The fidelity (Shannon mutual information between measurements and physical quantities) is proposed as a quantitative measure of the quality of physical measurements. The fidelity does not depend on the true value of unknown physical quantities (as does the Fisher information) and it allows for the role of prior information in the measurement process. The fidelity is general enough to allow a natural comparison of the quality of classical and quantum measurements. As an example, the fidelity is used to compare the quality of measurements made by a classical and a quantum Mach-Zehnder interferometer.

  13. High-resolution geostatistical inversion of a seismic data set acquired in a Gulf of Mexico gas reservoir.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torres-Verdín, Carlos

    High-resolution geostatistical inversion of a seismic data set acquired in a Gulf of Mexico gas, UNOCAL Corporation Summary Geostatistical inversion is applied on a Gulf-of-Mexico, 3D post-stack seismic in this paper is located in the Gulf of Mexico, off the coast of Louisiana. Existing development wells reach two

  14. Shale Oil Value Enhancement Research

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    James W. Bunger

    2006-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Raw kerogen oil is rich in heteroatom-containing compounds. Heteroatoms, N, S & O, are undesirable as components of a refinery feedstock, but are the basis for product value in agrochemicals, pharmaceuticals, surfactants, solvents, polymers, and a host of industrial materials. An economically viable, technologically feasible process scheme was developed in this research that promises to enhance the economics of oil shale development, both in the US and elsewhere in the world, in particular Estonia. Products will compete in existing markets for products now manufactured by costly synthesis routes. A premium petroleum refinery feedstock is also produced. The technology is now ready for pilot plant engineering studies and is likely to play an important role in developing a US oil shale industry.

  15. Office of Inspector General report on audit of proposal to acquire land at the Fernald Environmental Management Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1997-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

    The US Department of Energy (Department) obtained an appraisal and developed a cost estimate to acquire 78 to 100 acres of privately-held land adjoining the Fernald Environmental Management Project (FEMP) as an additional buffer for a waste disposal facility. The objective of this audit was to determine whether the proposed purchase of land was essential to support the site`s mission. The Department obtained an appraisal and developed a cost estimate to acquire the additional land without confirming that av lid need for the land existed. If the land is acquired, the Department could spend between $655,000 and $2.2 million unnecessarily. Additionally, the Department could incur unnecessary maintenance and security costs to maintain the land after acquisition. It was recommended that the Manager, Ohio Field Office, dismiss the proposal to acquire the additional land. Management agreed with the recommendation, stating that the acquisition could not be justified at this time. However, management did not agree with the finding that the Department obtained an appraisal and developed a cost estimate without confirming that a valid need for the land existed. Management stated that the appraisal and cost estimate were principal and necessary to determining whether a need for the land existed. It was concluded that the appraisal and cost estimate should not have been performed because a valid need for the land was never established. Also, it was concluded that it would be inappropriate to reconsider the proposal to acquire the land at a later date if additional funds become available, unless a valid need for the land is first established.

  16. Correlation analysis of mean global radiation values with mean brightness values for one year 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kolczynski, Edward Franklin

    1971-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    quantities of global radiation, = kb. sin h i oi where i denotes the number of the month (1 to 12), Q. is the individual monthly quantity of global radiation, h . is the solar altitude relat- oi ed to noon of the middle day of the month, and k is the coei... which now exists in the data bank of this field. B. ~Db' t' The objective of the proposed research is to investigate a pos- sible relationship between global radiation, as measured from ground- based instruments, and mean brightness values...

  17. Graphic values for some organic constituents of beneficiated coal samples

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kohlenberger, L.B.

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The first objective of this one-year project is to obtain analytical data on a series of fractions of coal sample IBC-101 of widely varying ash content obtained via a froth flotation physical coal cleaning process. Froth flotation is the fractionation technique to be used rather than float/sink testing as in the Stansfield-Sutherland method because (1) most of the data in our files which were used in the development of these techniques were froth flotation tests and (2) as a way of showing that the fractionating is as effective by one technique as the other, so long as no chemical changes are effected. Analytical values will be obtained in the Coal Analysis Laboratory for moisture, ash, volatile matter, fixed carbon, total carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, oxygen, total sulfur, sulfate sulfur, organic sulfur, and calorific value. The next objective will be to plot the various values of each of the analyzed species versus its corresponding ash values to obtain x/y plots for each as a function of ash. From the resulting curves, it should be possible to calculate for coal sample IBC-101 a precise measure of its mineral matter content, its dry or moist ,mineral-matter-free calorific value as used in determining the rank of the coal sample, calculate organic sulfur values corresponding to each ash value in cases where the relationship is linear, and possibly find other analyzed values which have a direct correlation with the mineral matter content of the coal.

  18. 1 A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF MULTIVARIATE VALUE AT RISK MODELS: EVIDENCE FROM DEVELOPED AND EMERGING MARKETS 2 ABNORMAL RETURNS AROUND EARNINGS ANNOUNCEMENT IN THE ASE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chatziantoniou, Damianos

    OF THE VALUE OF ACTIVE MANAGEMENT 14 AN EXAMINATION OF FUNDAMENTAL INDEXATION USING THE EURO STOXX 50 INDEX OF PAST EARNINGS CHANGES: EMPIRICAL EVIDENCE FROM THE ATHENS STOCK EXCHANGE 43 EARNINGS MANAGEMENT : ... 44 EARNINGS MANAGEMENT- CASE 45 EARNINGS MANAGEMENT IN FIRMS SEEKING TO BE ACQUIRED IN EUROPE

  19. The Earthscan Reader in Environmental Values

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anderson, Byron

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    valuation practices, provide an overview of current economic approaches, and place a value on ecosystem services.

  20. Average Soil Water Retention Curves Measured by Neutron Radiography

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cheng, Chu-Lin [ORNL; Perfect, Edmund [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Kang, Misun [ORNL; Voisin, Sophie [ORNL; Bilheux, Hassina Z [ORNL; Horita, Juske [Texas Tech University (TTU); Hussey, Dan [NIST Center for Neutron Research (NCRN), Gaithersburg, MD

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Water retention curves are essential for understanding the hydrologic behavior of partially-saturated porous media and modeling flow transport processes within the vadose zone. In this paper we report direct measurements of the main drying and wetting branches of the average water retention function obtained using 2-dimensional neutron radiography. Flint sand columns were saturated with water and then drained under quasi-equilibrium conditions using a hanging water column setup. Digital images (2048 x 2048 pixels) of the transmitted flux of neutrons were acquired at each imposed matric potential (~10-15 matric potential values per experiment) at the NCNR BT-2 neutron imaging beam line. Volumetric water contents were calculated on a pixel by pixel basis using Beer-Lambert s law after taking into account beam hardening and geometric corrections. To remove scattering effects at high water contents the volumetric water contents were normalized (to give relative saturations) by dividing the drying and wetting sequences of images by the images obtained at saturation and satiation, respectively. The resulting pixel values were then averaged and combined with information on the imposed basal matric potentials to give average water retention curves. The average relative saturations obtained by neutron radiography showed an approximate one-to-one relationship with the average values measured volumetrically using the hanging water column setup. There were no significant differences (at p < 0.05) between the parameters of the van Genuchten equation fitted to the average neutron radiography data and those estimated from replicated hanging water column data. Our results indicate that neutron imaging is a very effective tool for quantifying the average water retention curve.

  1. Operational Risk Management: Added Value of Advanced Methodologies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maume-Deschamps, Véronique

    Operational Risk Management: Added Value of Advanced Methodologies Paris, September 2013 Bertrand HASSANI Head of Major Risks Management & Scenario Analysis Santander UK Disclaimer: The opinions, ideas Measurement Key statements 1. Risk management moto: Si Vis Pacem Para Belum 1. Awareness 2. Prevention 3

  2. IBM Global Business Services IBM Institute for Business Value

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the countries that participated in the survey. Most have seen their identity management strategies evolve outIBM Global Business Services IBM Institute for Business Value ID management in the 21st Century many nations to invest in measures to improve identity management. The increasing demands

  3. The social values at risk from sea-level rise

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Graham, Sonia, E-mail: sonia.graham@unimelb.edu.au [Department of Resource Management and Geography, The University of Melbourne, 221 Bouverie St., Carlton, Victoria 3053 (Australia)] [Department of Resource Management and Geography, The University of Melbourne, 221 Bouverie St., Carlton, Victoria 3053 (Australia); Barnett, Jon, E-mail: jbarn@unimelb.edu.au [Department of Resource Management and Geography, The University of Melbourne, 221 Bouverie St., Carlton, Victoria 3053 (Australia)] [Department of Resource Management and Geography, The University of Melbourne, 221 Bouverie St., Carlton, Victoria 3053 (Australia); Fincher, Ruth, E-mail: r.fincher@unimelb.edu.au [Department of Resource Management and Geography, The University of Melbourne, 221 Bouverie St., Carlton, Victoria 3053 (Australia)] [Department of Resource Management and Geography, The University of Melbourne, 221 Bouverie St., Carlton, Victoria 3053 (Australia); Hurlimann, Anna, E-mail: anna.hurlimann@unimelb.edu.au [Faculty of Architecture, Building and Planning, The University of Melbourne, Architecture and Planning Building, Parkville, Victoria 3010 (Australia)] [Faculty of Architecture, Building and Planning, The University of Melbourne, Architecture and Planning Building, Parkville, Victoria 3010 (Australia); Mortreux, Colette, E-mail: colettem@unimelb.edu.au [Department of Resource Management and Geography, The University of Melbourne, 221 Bouverie St., Carlton, Victoria 3053 (Australia)] [Department of Resource Management and Geography, The University of Melbourne, 221 Bouverie St., Carlton, Victoria 3053 (Australia); Waters, Elissa, E-mail: elissa.waters@unimelb.edu.au [Department of Resource Management and Geography, The University of Melbourne, 221 Bouverie St., Carlton, Victoria 3053 (Australia)] [Department of Resource Management and Geography, The University of Melbourne, 221 Bouverie St., Carlton, Victoria 3053 (Australia)

    2013-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Analysis of the risks of sea-level rise favours conventionally measured metrics such as the area of land that may be subsumed, the numbers of properties at risk, and the capital values of assets at risk. Despite this, it is clear that there exist many less material but no less important values at risk from sea-level rise. This paper re-theorises these multifarious social values at risk from sea-level rise, by explaining their diverse nature, and grounding them in the everyday practices of people living in coastal places. It is informed by a review and analysis of research on social values from within the fields of social impact assessment, human geography, psychology, decision analysis, and climate change adaptation. From this we propose that it is the ‘lived values’ of coastal places that are most at risk from sea-level rise. We then offer a framework that groups these lived values into five types: those that are physiological in nature, and those that relate to issues of security, belonging, esteem, and self-actualisation. This framework of lived values at risk from sea-level rise can guide empirical research investigating the social impacts of sea-level rise, as well as the impacts of actions to adapt to sea-level rise. It also offers a basis for identifying the distribution of related social outcomes across populations exposed to sea-level rise or sea-level rise policies.

  4. A THEORY OF WASTE AND VALUE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernández-Solis, José; Rybkowski, Zofia K.

    2015-02-08T23:59:59.000Z

    Waste and value are ambiguous concepts, making it difficult to visualize where and how they occur in construction. This paper visualizes waste and value in construction at three scales: systemic, synergistic and discrete and from the perspectives...

  5. Missouri Value-Added Grant Program (Missouri)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Missouri Value-Added Grant Program provides grants for projects that add value to Missouri agricultural products and aid the economy of a rural community. Grant applications will be considered...

  6. Scholarly Communication: Academic Values and Sustainable Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    King, C. Judson; Harley, Diane; Earl-Novell, Sarah; Arter, Jennifer; Lawrence, Shannon; Perciali, Irene

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    libraries. Scholarly Communication: Academic Values and SustainableSustainable Model? , Oxford, U.K. International Coalition of LibraryLibraries, Washington, D.C. Available at http://www.escholarlypub.com/oab/oab.pdf Scholarly Communication: Academic Values and Sustainable

  7. The Offshore Services Global Value Chain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richardson, David

    ..................................................................................................................................... 33 D. Low-Income Nations entering the Value Chain: Spanish-Speaking Central American and Caribbean

  8. Earned Value Management Essentials 14 hours, $895

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fork, Richard

    Earned Value Management Essentials 14 hours, $895 A growing demand for Earned Value Management (EVM in the tenets of work planned, work accomplished, and actual work cost. Earned Value terminology, formulae Management Analysis and Reporting 14 hours, $895 Government agencies and companies doing business

  9. USACE Value Engineering Manual of Practice

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    1 1 USACE Value Engineering Manual of Practice Foreward. This Value Engineering (VE) Manual of Practice has been prepared to provide guidance to USACE District Value Engineering Officers (VEOs the Project Management Plan; VE program planning, management and execution, including USACE metrics; records

  10. Value of Laboratory Experiments for Code Validations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wawersik, W.R.

    1998-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

    Numerical codes have become indispensable for designing underground structures and interpretating the behavior of geologic systems. Because of the complexities of geologic systems, however, code calculations often are associated with large quantitative uncertainties. This papers presents three examples to demonstrate the value of laboratory(or bench scale) experiments to evaluate the predictive capabilities of such codes with five major conclusions: Laboratory or bench-scale experiments are a very cost-effective, controlled means of evaluating and validating numerical codes, not instead of but before or at least concurrent with the implementation of in situ studies. The design of good laboratory validation tests must identifj what aspects of a code are to be scrutinized in order to optimize the size, geometry, boundary conditions, and duration of the experiments. The design of good and sometimes difficult numerical analyses and sensitivity studies. Laboratory validation tests must involve: Good validation experiments will generate independent data sets to identify the combined effect of constitutive models, model generalizations, material parameters, and numerical algorithms. Successfid validations of numerical codes mandate a close collaboration between experimentalists and analysts drawing from the full gamut of observations, measurements, and mathematical results.

  11. Characterizing cluster morphology using vector-valued Minkowski functionals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Claus Beisbart; Thomas Buchert

    1997-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

    The morphology of galaxy clusters is quantified using Minkowski functionals, especially the vector-valued ones, which contain directional information and are related to curvature centroids. The asymmetry of clusters and the amount of their substructure can be characterized in a unique way using these measures. -- We briefly introduce vector-valued Minkowski functionals (also known as Querma\\ss vectors) and suggest their application to cluster data in terms of a morphological characterization of excursion sets. Furthermore, we develop robust structure functions which describe the dynamical state of a cluster and study the evolution of clusters using numerical simulations.

  12. Extreme Value Analysis of Tidal Stream Velocity Perturbations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Harding, Samuel; Thomson, Jim; Polagye, Brian; Richmond, Marshall C.; Durgesh, Vibhav; Bryden, Ian

    2011-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper presents a statistical extreme value analysis of maximum velocity perturbations from the mean flow speed in a tidal stream. This study was performed using tidal velocity data measured using both an Acoustic Doppler Velocimeter (ADV) and an Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler (ADCP) at the same location which allows for direct comparison of predictions. The extreme value analysis implements of a Peak-Over-Threshold method to explore the effect of perturbation length and time scale on the magnitude of a 50-year perturbation.

  13. Cloud Condensation Nuclei Profile Value-Added Product

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McFarlane, S; Sivaraman, C; Ghan, S

    2012-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

    The cloud condensation nuclei (CCN) concentration at cloud base is the most relevant measure of the aerosol that influences droplet formation in clouds. Since the CCN concentration depends on supersaturation, a more general measure of the CCN concentration is the CCN spectrum (values at multiple supersaturations). The CCN spectrum is now measured at the surface at several fixed ARM sites and by the ARM Mobile Facility (AMF), but is not measured at the cloud base. Rather than rely on expensive aircraft measurements for all studies of aerosol effects on clouds, a way to project CCN measurements at the surface to cloud base is needed. Remote sensing of aerosol extinction provides information about the vertical profile of the aerosol, but cannot be directly related to the CCN concentration because the aerosol extinction is strongly influenced by humidification, particularly near cloud base. Ghan and Collins (2004) and Ghan et al. (2006) propose a method to remove the influence of humidification from the extinction profiles and tie the “dry extinction” retrieval to the surface CCN concentration, thus estimating the CCN profile. This methodology has been implemented as the CCN Profile (CCNPROF) value-added product (VAP).

  14. Dynamic density field measurements of an explosively driven ????? phase transition in iron

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hull, L. M.; Gray, G. T.; Warthen, B. J. [Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87544 (United States)

    2014-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

    We provide a unique set of observations of the behavior of the ??? phase transition under a complex axially symmetric loading path created by sweeping a detonation wave along the end surface of a cylindrical sample. The primary data sets are the measured mass density distributions acquired at 5 independent times during the sweep of the detonation along the surface. Shocked regions and boundaries are measured, as well as regions and boundaries of elevated density (presumed to be the ??phase iron). The formation and dynamics of these regions were captured and are available for comparisons to material descriptions. We also applied 16 Photon Doppler Velocimetry probes to capture the free surface velocity along a discrete set of radially distributed points in order to compare and correlate the density measurements with previous shock wave studies. The velocimetry data are in nearly exact agreement with previous shock wave studies of the ??? phase transition, the density distributions, while generally in agreement with expectations evolved from the shock wave studies, show that the epsilon phase is generated in regions of high shear stress but at hydrostatic stresses below the typically quoted 13?GPa value. The density field measurements are particularly useful for observing the effects of the forward and reverse transformation kinetics, as well as the reverse transformation hysteresis.

  15. Prediction of Unit Value of Un-Improved Parcels of Harris County, Texas Using LEED Sustainable Sites Criteria of Public Transportation Access

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joshi, Bhagyashri Bharat

    2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

    zero improvement value. The dependent variable was unit value of the property measured in dollars per square foot. The independent variables were measurements that are required for a parcel to earn LEED sustainable site rating for public transportation...

  16. C-III flow measurements with a coherence imaging spectrometer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Weber, T. R.; Allen, S. L. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94550 (United States); Howard, J. [Australian National University, Canberra, ACT 0200 (Australia)

    2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    This work describes a coherence imaging spectrometer capable of making spatially resolved CIII flow measurements in the DIII-D lower divertor. The spectrometer exploits a periscope view of the plasma to produce line-of-sight averaged velocity measurements of CIII. From these chord averaged flow measurements, a 2D poloidal cross section of the CIII flow is tomographically reconstructed. Details of the diagnostic setup, acquired data, and data analysis will be presented, along with prospects for future applications.

  17. Converting Biomass to High-Value Feedstocks

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Converting Biomass to High-Value Feedstocks Advanced feedstocks play an important role in economically and efficiently converting biomass into bioenergy products. Advanced...

  18. Solar Energy and Capacity Value (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This is a one-page, two-sided fact sheet on the capacity of solar power to provide value to utilities and power system operators.

  19. Earned Value Management | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    to examine detailed schedule information, critical program and technical milestones, and cost data. Earned Value Management System (EVMS) and Project Analysis Standard Operating...

  20. Optimization problems with value function objectives

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    max programming problem and the bilevel optimization problem. In this paper, we ... 1. Introduction. An optimization problem with value function objective is a.

  1. Organic Aerosol Component (OACOMP) Value-Added Product Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fast, J; Zhang, Q; Tilp, A; Shippert, T; Parworth, C; Mei, F

    2013-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

    Significantly improved returns in their aerosol chemistry data can be achieved via the development of a value-added product (VAP) of deriving OA components, called Organic Aerosol Components (OACOMP). OACOMP is primarily based on multivariate analysis of the measured organic mass spectral matrix. The key outputs of OACOMP are the concentration time series and the mass spectra of OA factors that are associated with distinct sources, formation and evolution processes, and physicochemical properties.

  2. Permutation P-values Should Never Be Zero: Calculating Exact P-values When Permutations Are

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smyth, Gordon K.

    Permutation P-values Should Never Be Zero: Calculating Exact P-values When Permutations by which p-values are attached to a test statistic by ran- domly permuting the sample or gene labels. Yet permutation p-values published in the genomic literature are often computed incorrectly, understated by about

  3. VALUES AND VALUING [Adapted from Carl Mitcham, ed., Encyclopedia of Science, Technology, and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nissenbaum, Helen

    as the primary form of value. In economic science the basic concern has thus become to analyze interactions manifestation in values, and the process of valuing (and evaluation) have been subject to diverse economic of relevance to any description and assessment of values in and resulting from science, engineering

  4. Data Overview for Sensor Fish Samples Acquired at Ice Harbor, John Day, and Bonneville II Dams in 2005, 2006, and 2007

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carlson, Thomas J.; Duncan, Joanne P.; Deng, Zhiqun

    2008-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this work was to acquire Sensor Fish data on turbine passage at Bonneville II, John Day, and Ice Harbor dams for later analysis and use. The original data sets have been entered into a database and are being maintained by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory pending delivery to the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers when requested. This report provides documentation for the data sets acquired and details about the operations of the Sensor Fish and interpretation of Sensor Fish data that will be necessary for later use of the acquired data. A limited review of the acquired data was conducted to assess its quality and to extract information that might prove useful to its later use.

  5. Automatic Pole and Q-Value Extraction for RF Structures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    C. Potratz, H.-W. Glock, U. van Rienen, F. Marhauser

    2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The experimental characterization of RF structures like accelerating cavities often demands for measuring resonant frequencies of Eigenmodes and corresponding (loaded) Q-values over a wide spectral range. A common procedure to determine the Q-values is the -3dB method, which works well for isolated poles, but may not be applicable directly in case of multiple poles residing in close proximity (e.g. for adjacent transverse modes differing by polarization). Although alternative methods may be used in such cases, this often comes at the expense of inherent systematic errors. We have developed an automation algorithm, which not only speeds up the measurement time significantly, but is also able to extract Eigenfrequencies and Q-values both for well isolated and overlapping poles. At the same time the measurement accuracy may be improved as a major benefit. To utilize this procedure merely complex scattering parameters have to be recorded for the spectral range of interest. In this paper we present the proposed algorithm applied to experimental data recorded for superconducting higher-order-mode damped multi-cell cavities as an application of high importance.

  6. Nuclear beta-decay measurements and |Vud|

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dan Melconian

    2011-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

    Some recent work in nuclear beta decay related to the value of |Vud| is described along with some near-term goals for future measurements.

  7. Two Essays on the Value of Cash

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tippens, Timothy

    2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

    of the dollar: $1.00 of cash has a value of $1.27 when it is from operations, $0.80 when from financing, and $0.46 when from investing. Within the same source, the marginal value of an added dollar of cash holdings is significantly higher than the absolute...

  8. indications of r-mode oscillations in soho/mdi solar radius measurements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sturrock, P A; Gough, D O; Scargle, J D

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Analysis of solar radius measurements acquired by the Michelson Doppler Imager on the SOHO spacecraft supports previously reported evidence of solar internal r-mode oscillations in Mt Wilson radius data and in nuclear-decay data acquired at the Lomonosov Moscow State University. The frequencies of these oscillations are compatible with oscillations in a putative inner tachocline that separates a slowly rotating core from the radiative envelope.

  9. VARIABILITY OF KD VALUES IN CEMENTITIOUS MATERIALS AND SEDIMENTS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Almond, P.; Kaplan, D.; Shine, E.

    2012-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

    Measured distribution coefficients (K{sub d} values) for environmental contaminants provide input data for performance assessments (PA) that evaluate physical and chemical phenomena for release of radionuclides from wasteforms, degradation of engineered components and subsequent transport of radionuclides through environmental media. Research efforts at SRNL to study the effects of formulation and curing variability on the physiochemical properties of the saltstone wasteform produced at the Saltstone Disposal Facility (SDF) are ongoing and provide information for the PA and Saltstone Operations. Furthermore, the range and distribution of plutonium K{sub d} values in soils is not known. Knowledge of these parameters is needed to provide guidance for stochastic modeling in the PA. Under the current SRS liquid waste processing system, supernate from F & H Tank Farm tanks is processed to remove actinides and fission products, resulting in a low-curie Decontaminated Salt Solution (DSS). At the Saltstone Production Facility (SPF), DSS is mixed with premix, comprised of blast furnace slag (BFS), Class F fly ash (FA), and portland cement (OPC) to form a grout mixture. The fresh grout is subsequently placed in SDF vaults where it cures through hydration reactions to produce saltstone, a hardened monolithic waste form. Variation in saltstone composition and cure conditions of grout can affect the saltstone's physiochemical properties. Variations in properties may originate from variables in DSS, premix, and water to premix ratio, grout mixing, placing, and curing conditions including time and temperature (Harbour et al. 2007; Harbour et al. 2009). There are no previous studies reported in the literature regarding the range and distribution of K{sub d} values in cementitious materials. Presently, the Savannah River Site (SRS) estimate ranges and distributions of K{sub d} values based on measurements of K{sub d} values made in sandy SRS sediments (Kaplan 2010). The actual cementitious material K{sub d} values and solubility values differ from the sandy sediments. The K{sub d} value range and distribution currently used in the PA are estimated to range between 0.25*K{sub d} and 1.75*K{sub d}, where the minimum and maximum values of the ranges reflect the 95% confidence level for the mean K{sub d} value (Kaplan 2010). The objective of the research with cementitious materials was to measure the range and distribution of a monovalent (Cs) and I{sup -} (anion), divalent (Sr), and trivalent (Eu) ions for a variety of laboratory-prepared saltstone surrogate samples to establish a K{sub d} range other than that which is presently used in the PA. It has been observed in laboratory samples that cure temperature profiles can affect properties such as heat of hydration, permeability, porosity, compressive strength, and set time (Harbour et al. 2009). The intent was to identify a range and distribution that could be used by stochastic modelers for the PA. Furthermore, the intent was to replace the arbitrarily selected distributions based on geological sandy sediments and to base it on actual cementitious materials. The scope of this study did not include understanding saltstone sorption mechanisms responsible for increasing or decreasing sorption. Similar to the work with cementitious materials, the purpose of the Pu sediment K{sub d} dataset was not to attempt to understand through statistics how to better understand Pu sorption to sediments or to lower Pu K{sub d} variance. The sediment Pu K{sub d} data is included in this study because it is a key risk driver for the PAs on the SRS, and there is presently no direct studies of Pu variability in SRS soils. Instead the distribution of Pu sediment K{sub d} values was assumed to be similar to other cations, as presented by Kaplan (2010).

  10. Phi-values in protein folding kinetics have energetic and structural components

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Claudia Merlo; Ken A. Dill; Thomas R. Weikl

    2005-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

    Phi-values are experimental measures of how the kinetics of protein folding is changed by single-site mutations. Phi-values measure energetic quantities, but are often interpreted in terms of the structures of the transition state ensemble. Here we describe a simple analytical model of the folding kinetics in terms of the formation of protein substructures. The model shows that Phi-values have both structural and energetic components. In addition, it provides a natural and general interpretation of "nonclassical" Phi-values (i.e., less than zero, or greater than one). The model reproduces the Phi-values for 20 single-residue mutations in the alpha-helix of the protein CI2, including several nonclassical Phi-values, in good agreement with experiments.

  11. SU-E-J-176: Results of Images Acquired with Backscattered MV Radiation Using a Pinhole Collimator

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bernard, D; Turian, J; Wu, Z; Darwish, N; Chu, J; Bernard, D [Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, IL (United States)

    2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: To ascertain the feasibility of acquiring real time images of small lung tumors from scattered photons while undergoing radiation treatment.There are several methodologies currently used to track tumor location such as MV-cine acquisition and kV fluoroscopy. However, MVcine offers no information parallel to the beam axis while kV fluoroscopy offers little potential for soft tissue discernability while also increasing the patient dose. This study investigates the feasibility of observing an actual simulated tumor while exploring techniques that may improve image quality. Methods: A prototype imager consisting of a gamma camera pinhole collimator and a computed radiography (CR) plate were used in conjunction with a Varian TrueBeam linac. One study consisted of a 2.5 cm diameter solid water cylinder representing a solid tumor imbedded within a lung equivalent material slab. The cylinder with the lung slab was sandwiched between 1 cm lung equivalent slabs and these were sandwiched between 2 slabs of solid water. The top water slab was 1 cm thick. The other imaging study consisted of three different density plugs, 0.46, 1.09, and 1.82 g/cm3 placed on the accelerator couch. The gantry was orientated 70° relative to the CR plate. The slabs and plugs were irradiated with 2000 MU and 500 MU respectively using the 6FFF mode. Results: The solid water plug was visually discernible in the slab phantom. The ratio of the signal coming from the higher density plugs (placed on the treatment couch) to that between the plugs increased from 1.02 to about 3.0 after subtracting the background image acquired with no plugs present. Conclusion: Preliminary results indicate that a lung tumor could be visualized with scattered radiation during treatment. Improvements in discerning an object can be enhanced by filtering out the head leakage and background scattered radiation not emanating from the imaged object.

  12. Longitudinal, intermodality registration of quantitative breast PET and MRI data acquired before and during neoadjuvant chemotherapy: Preliminary results

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Atuegwu, Nkiruka C.; Williams, Jason M. [Institute of Imaging Science, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee 37232-2310 and Department of Radiology and Radiological Sciences, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee 37232-2675 (United States)] [Institute of Imaging Science, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee 37232-2310 and Department of Radiology and Radiological Sciences, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee 37232-2675 (United States); Li, Xia; Arlinghaus, Lori R. [Institute of Imaging Science, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee 37232-2310 (United States)] [Institute of Imaging Science, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee 37232-2310 (United States); Abramson, Richard G. [Institute of Imaging Science, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee 37232-2310 (United States) [Institute of Imaging Science, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee 37232-2310 (United States); Department of Radiology and Radiological Sciences, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee 37232-2675 (United States); Vanderbilt Ingram Cancer Center, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee 37232-6838 (United States); Chakravarthy, A. Bapsi [Department of Radiation Oncology, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee 37232-5671 and Vanderbilt Ingram Cancer Center, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee 37232-6838 (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee 37232-5671 and Vanderbilt Ingram Cancer Center, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee 37232-6838 (United States); Abramson, Vandana G. [Department of Medical Oncology, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee 37232-6307 and Vanderbilt Ingram Cancer Center, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee 37232-6838 (United States)] [Department of Medical Oncology, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee 37232-6307 and Vanderbilt Ingram Cancer Center, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee 37232-6838 (United States); Yankeelov, Thomas E., E-mail: thomas.yankeelov@vanderbilt.edu [Institute of Imaging Science, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee 37232-2310 (United States); Department of Radiology and Radiological Sciences, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee 37232-2675 (United States); Department of Physics and Astronomy, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee 37240-1807 (United States); Department of Cancer Biology, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee 37232-6838 (United States); Department of Biomedical Engineering, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee 37235-1631 (United States); Vanderbilt Ingram Cancer Center, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee 37232-6838 (United States)

    2014-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: The authors propose a method whereby serially acquired DCE-MRI, DW-MRI, and FDG-PET breast data sets can be spatially and temporally coregistered to enable the comparison of changes in parameter maps at the voxel level. Methods: First, the authors aligned the PET and MR images at each time point rigidly and nonrigidly. To register the MR images longitudinally, the authors extended a nonrigid registration algorithm by including a tumor volume-preserving constraint in the cost function. After the PET images were aligned to the MR images at each time point, the authors then used the transformation obtained from the longitudinal registration of the MRI volumes to register the PET images longitudinally. The authors tested this approach on ten breast cancer patients by calculating a modified Dice similarity of tumor size between the PET and MR images as well as the bending energy and changes in the tumor volume after the application of the registration algorithm. Results: The median of the modified Dice in the registered PET and DCE-MRI data was 0.92. For the longitudinal registration, the median tumor volume change was ?0.03% for the constrained algorithm, compared to ?32.16% for the unconstrained registration algorithms (p = 8 × 10{sup ?6}). The medians of the bending energy were 0.0092 and 0.0001 for the unconstrained and constrained algorithms, respectively (p = 2.84 × 10{sup ?7}). Conclusions: The results indicate that the proposed method can accurately spatially align DCE-MRI, DW-MRI, and FDG-PET breast images acquired at different time points during therapy while preventing the tumor from being substantially distorted or compressed.

  13. Inversion-based method for interpretation of logging-while-drilling density measurements acquired in high-angle and horizontal wells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torres-Verdín, Carlos

    -mail: wpreeg@austin.rr.com. 4 Schlumberger, Houston, Texas, USA. E-mail: rasmus@sugar-land.oilfield.slb.com. 5 Schlumberger, Nuclear Logging, Sugar Land, Texas, USA. E-mail: radtke@sugar-land.oilfield.slb.com. 6 Chevron ET

  14. Strategies for Mitigating the Reduction in Economic Value of Variable Generation with Increasing Penetration Levels

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mills, Andrew; Wiser, Ryan

    2014-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

    In this report, we evaluate individual options that have the potential to stem the decline in the marginal value of variable generation (VG) with increasing penetration levels. We focus only on the effectiveness of mitigation measures for wind and PV.

  15. Data requirements for valuing externalities: The role of existing permitting processes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lee, A.D.; Baechler, M.C.; Callaway, J.M.

    1990-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    While the assessment of externalities, or residual impacts, will place new demands on regulators, utilities, and developers, existing processes already require certain data and information that may fulfill some of the data needs for externality valuation. This paper examines existing siting, permitting, and other processes and highlights similarities and differences between their data requirements and the data required to value environmental externalities. It specifically considers existing requirements for siting new electricity resources in Oregon and compares them with the information and data needed to value externalities for such resources. This paper also presents several observations about how states can take advantage of data acquired through processes already in place as they move into an era when externalities are considered in utility decision-making. It presents other observations on the similarities and differences between the data requirements under existing processes and those for valuing externalities. This paper also briefly discusses the special case of cumulative impacts. And it presents recommendations on what steps to take in future efforts to value externalities. 35 refs., 2 tabs.

  16. Nonlinear boundary value problem of magnetic insulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. V. Sinitsyn

    2000-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

    On the basis of generalization of upper and lower solution method to the singular two point boundary value problems, the existence theorem of solutions for the system, which models a process of magnetic insulation in plasma is proved.

  17. Value iteration for (switched) homogeneous systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dahleh, Munther A.

    In this note, we prove that dynamic programming value iteration converges uniformly for discrete-time homogeneous systems and continuous-time switched homogeneous systems. For discrete-time homogeneous systems, rather than ...

  18. Capturing value from Item Unique Identification (IUID)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Salamini, Alexey

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Department of Defense has issued a mandate aimed at improving its capabilities in determining the location, value, quantity, and condition of government assets. The mandate requires marking specified assemblies and ...

  19. Features . . . Cover Crop Value to Cotton

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watson, Craig A.

    .............................................................................................Page 6 Fuel Prices Projections - Encouraging News .......................Page 7 Agronomy Notes VolumeFeatures . . . Cotton Cover Crop Value to Cotton Cotton Price and Rotation ..............................................................Page 5 Miscellaneous Large differences in nitrogen prices.......................................Page 6

  20. Value creation through modernizing Chinese medicine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sun, Lizhe

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    My first hypothesis in this thesis is that there is significant value vested in traditional Chinese medicine that can be captured by converting them into ethical drugs through scientific analysis, screening and validation. ...

  1. The Economic Value of Improving the Reliability of Supply on a Bulk Power Transmission Network

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The Economic Value of Improving the Reliability of Supply on a Bulk Power Transmission Network Economics and Management and School of Electrical and Computer Engineering Cornell University Abstract, there is no established way of measuring the economic value of reliability, and as a result, regulators have adopted

  2. Using Place Value Cards Problem: Use place value cards to evaluate 456seven + 44seven.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Carl

    . Working from right to left, we see that there is a group of seven poker chips in the one's place. WeUsing Place Value Cards ============== Problem: Use place value cards to evaluate 456seven + 44seven. Solution: We begin with two place value cards. The first card represents 456seven and the second

  3. Comments on: Acquiring Property

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625govInstrumentstdmadapInactiveVisiting the TWPSuccessAlamosCharacterization2Climate,CobaltColdin679April

  4. Energy dependence of W values for protons in hydrogen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. A. Korolev; G. D. Alkhazov; A. V. Dobrovolsky; A. V. Khanzadeev; A. A. Vorobyov

    2014-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

    The mean energy $W$ required to produce an ion pair in molecular hydrogen has been obtained for protons in the energy range between 1 MeV and 4.5 MeV. The W values were derived from the existing experimental data on elastic {\\it $\\pi^-$p} scattering at the beam energy of 40 GeV. In the experiment, the ionization chamber IKAR filled with hydrogen at a pressure of 10 at served simultaneously as a gas target and a detector for recoil protons. For selected events of elastic scattering, the ionization yield produced by recoil protons was measured in IKAR, while the energy was determined kinematically through the scattering angles of the incident particles measured with a system of multi-wire proportional chambers. The ionization produced by $\\alpha$-particles from $\\alpha$-sources of $^{234}$U deposited on the chamber electrodes was used for absolute normalization of the W values. The energy dependence of $W$ for protons in H$_2$ shows an anomalous increase of $W$ with increasing energy in the measured energy range. At the energy of 4.76 MeV, the ionization yield for alpha particles is by 2\\% larger than that for protons.

  5. In situ measurement system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Lord, D.E.

    1980-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

    A multipurpose in situ underground measurement system comprising a plurality of long electrical resistance elements in the form of rigid reinforcing bars, each having an open loop hairpin configuration of shorter length than the other resistance elements. The resistance elements are arranged in pairs in a unitized structure, and grouted in place in the underground volume. Measurement means are provided for obtaining for each pair the electrical resistance of each element and the difference in electrical resistance of the paired elements, which difference values may be used in analytical methods involving resistance as a function of temperature. A scanner means sequentially connects the resistance-measuring apparatus to each individual pair of elements. A source of heating current is also selectively connectable for heating the elements to an initial predetermined temperature prior to electrical resistance measurements when used as an anemometer.

  6. RESULTS OF SLICE MEASUREMENTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rudolph, J

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The linear accelerator ELBE delivers high-brightness electron bunches to multiple user stations, including two IR-FEL oscillators [1], [2]. In the framework of an upgrade program the current thermionic injector is being replaced by a SRF-photoinjector [3], [4]. The SRF injector promises higher beam quality, especially required for future experiments with high power laser radiation. During the commissioning phase, the SRF-injector was running in parallel to the thermionic gun. After installation of a injection beamline (dogleg), beam from the SRF-injector can now be injected into the ELBE linac. Detailed characterization of the electron beam quality delivered by the new electron injector includes vertical slice emittance measurements in addition to measurements of projected emittance values. This report gives an overview of the status of the project and summarizes first measurement results as well as results of simulations performed with measurement settings.

  7. Microfabricated fuel heating value monitoring device

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Robinson, Alex L. (Albuquerque, NM); Manginell, Ronald P. (Albuquerque, NM); Moorman, Matthew W. (Albuquerque, NM)

    2010-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

    A microfabricated fuel heating value monitoring device comprises a microfabricated gas chromatography column in combination with a catalytic microcalorimeter. The microcalorimeter can comprise a reference thermal conductivity sensor to provide diagnostics and surety. Using microfabrication techniques, the device can be manufactured in production quantities at a low per-unit cost. The microfabricated fuel heating value monitoring device enables continuous calorimetric determination of the heating value of natural gas with a 1 minute analysis time and 1.5 minute cycle time using air as a carrier gas. This device has applications in remote natural gas mining stations, pipeline switching and metering stations, turbine generators, and other industrial user sites. For gas pipelines, the device can improve gas quality during transfer and blending, and provide accurate financial accounting. For industrial end users, the device can provide continuous feedback of physical gas properties to improve combustion efficiency during use.

  8. Value of solar thermal industrial process heat

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, D.R.; Fassbender, L.L.; Chockie, A.D.

    1986-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study estimated the value of solar thermal-generated industrial process heat (IPH) as a function of process heat temperature. The value of solar thermal energy is equal to the cost of producing energy from conventional fuels and equipment if the energy produced from either source provides an equal level of service. This requirement put the focus of this study on defining and characterizing conventional process heat equipment and fuels. Costs (values) were estimated for 17 different design points representing different combinations of conventional technologies, temperatures, and fuels. Costs were first estimated for median or representative conditions at each design point. The cost impact of capacity factor, efficiency, fuel escalation rate, and regional fuel price differences were then evaluated by varying each of these factors within credible ranges.

  9. Signal evaluations using singular value decomposition for Thomson scattering diagnostics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tojo, H., E-mail: tojo.hiroshi@jaea.go.jp; Yatsuka, E.; Hatae, T.; Itami, K. [Japan Atomic Energy Agency, 801-1 Mukoyama, Naka 311-0193 (Japan); Yamada, I.; Yasuhara, R.; Funaba, H.; Hayashi, H. [National Institute for Fusion Science, 322-6 Oroshi-cho, Toki 509-5292 (Japan)

    2014-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper provides a novel method for evaluating signal intensities in incoherent Thomson scattering diagnostics. A double-pass Thomson scattering system, where a laser passes through the plasma twice, generates two scattering pulses from the plasma. Evaluations of the signal intensities in the spectrometer are sometimes difficult due to noise and stray light. We apply the singular value decomposition method to Thomson scattering data with strong noise components. Results show that the average accuracy of the measured electron temperature (T{sub e}) is superior to that of temperature obtained using a low-pass filter (<20 MHz) or without any filters.

  10. Realistic Earth matter effects and a method to acquire information about small ?_{13} in the detection of supernova neutrinos

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xin-Heng Guo; Ming-Yang Huang; Bing-Lin Young

    2009-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper, we first calculate the realistic Earth matter effects in the detection of type II supernova neutrinos at the Daya Bay reactor neutrino experiment which is currently under construction. It is found that the Earth matter effects depend on the neutrino incident angle $\\theta$, the neutrino mass hierarchy $\\Delta m_{31}^{2}$, the crossing probability at the high resonance region inside the supernova, $P_{H}$, the neutrino temperature, $T_{\\alpha}$, and the pinching parameter in the neutrino spectrum, $\\eta_{\\alpha}$. We also take into account the collective effects due to neutrino-neutrino interactions inside the supernova. With the expression for the dependence of $P_H$ on the neutrino mixing angle $\\theta_{13}$, we obtain the relations between $\\theta_{13}$ and the event numbers for various reaction channels of supernova neutrinos. Using these relations, we propose a possible method to acquire information about $\\theta_{13}$ smaller than $1.5^\\circ$. Such a sensitivity cannot yet be achieved by the Daya Bay reactor neutrino experiment which has a sensitivity of the order of $\\theta_{13}\\sim 3^\\circ$. Furthermore, we apply this method to other neutrino experiments, i.e. Super-K, SNO, KamLAND, LVD, MinBooNE, Borexino, and Double-Chooz. We also study the energy spectra of the differential event numbers, ${\\rm d}N/{\\rm d}E$.

  11. Joint inversion of crosshole radar and seismic traveltimes acquired at the South Oyster BacterialTransport Site

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Linde, Niklas; Tryggvason, Ari; Peterson, John; Hubbard, Susan

    2008-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The structural approach to joint inversion, entailing common boundaries or gradients, offers a flexible way to invert diverse types of surface-based and/or crosshole geophysical data. The cross-gradients function has been introduced as a means to construct models in which spatial changes in two models are parallel or anti-parallel. Inversion methods that use such structural constraints also provide estimates of non-linear and non-unique field-scale relationships between model parameters. Here, we invert jointly crosshole radar and seismic traveltimes for structurally similar models using an iterative non-linear traveltime tomography algorithm. Application of the inversion scheme to synthetic data demonstrates that it better resolves lithological boundaries than the individual inversions. Tests of the scheme on observed radar and seismic data acquired within a shallow aquifer illustrate that the resultant models have improved correlations with flowmeter data than with models based on individual inversions. The highest correlation with the flowmeter data is obtained when the joint inversion is combined with a stochastic regularization operator, where the vertical integral scale is estimated from the flowmeter data. Point-spread functions shows that the most significant resolution improvements of the joint inversion is in the horizontal direction.

  12. Remote sensing in marine environment - acquiring, processing, and interpreting GLORIA sidescan sonor images of deep sea floor

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    O'Leary, D.W.

    1989-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The US Geological Survey's remote sensing instrument for regional imaging of the deep sea floor (> 400 m water depth) is the GLORIA (Geologic Long-Range Inclined Asdic) sidescan sonar system, designed and operated by the British Institute of Oceanographic Sciences. A 30-sec sweep rate provides for a swath width of approximately 45 km, depending on water depth. The return signal is digitally recorded as 8 bit data to provide a cross-range pixel dimension of 50 m. Postcruise image processing is carried out by using USGS software. Processing includes precision water-column removal, geometric and radiometric corrections, and contrast enhancement. Mosaicking includes map grid fitting, concatenation, and tone matching. Seismic reflection profiles, acquired along track during the survey, are image correlative and provide a subsurface dimension unique to marine remote sensing. Generally GLORIA image interpretation is based on brightness variations which are largely a function of (1) surface roughness at a scale of approximately 1 m and (2) slope changes of more than about 4/degrees/ over distances of at least 50 m. Broader, low-frequency changes in slope that cannot be detected from the Gloria data can be determined from seismic profiles. Digital files of bathymetry derived from echo-sounder data can be merged with GLORIA image data to create relief models of the sea floor for geomorphic interpretation of regional slope effects.

  13. Precise measurement of parity nonconservation in atomic thallium

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hunter, L.R.

    1981-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Observation of parity non-conservation in the 6P/sub 1/2/ - 7P/sub 1/2/ transition in /sub 81/Tl/sup 203/ /sup 205/ is reported. The transition is nominally forbidden M1 with amplitude M. Due to the violation of parity in the electron-nucleon interaction, the transition acquires an additional (parity nonconserving) amplitude e/sub p/. In the presence of an electric field, incident 293 nm circularly polarized light results in a polarization of the 7P/sub 1/2/ state through interference of the Stark amplitude with M and E/sub p/. This polarization is observed by selective excitation of the 7P/sub 1/2/ - (8S/sub 1/2) transition with circularly polarized 2.18 ..mu..m light and observation of the subsequent fluorescence at 323 nm. By utilizing this technique and carefully determining possible systematic contributions through auxiliary measurements, the circular dichroism delta = 2Im(E/sub p/)/ M is observed: delta/sub exp/ = (2.8 + 1.0 - .9) x 10/sup -3/. In addition, measurements of A(6D/sub 3/2/ - 7P/sub 1/2/) = (5.97 +- .78) x 10/sup 5/ s/sup -1/, A(7P/sub 1/2/ - 7S/sub 1/2/) = (1.71 +- .07) x 10/sup 7/ s/sup -1/ and A(7P/sub 3/2/ - 7S/sub 1/2/) = (2.37 +- .09) s/sup -1/ are reported. These values are employed in a semiempirical determination of delta based on the Weinberg-Salam Model. The result of this calculation for sin/sup 2/THETA/sub 2/ = .23 is delta/sub Theo/ = 1.7 +- .8) x 10/sup -3/.

  14. Valuing ZEVs Institute of Transportation Studies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Davis, University of

    to gas stations, stable electricity prices vs. fluctuating gasoline prices--3 to 4 weeks #12;Social EVs ­ Short driving range ­ Long charge times ­ Lack of charging infrastructure ­ High vehicle prices infrastructure ­ Radical price reductions #12;Another Frame: EVs differences are sources of new values · People

  15. Network Stochastic Programming for Valuing Reservoir Storage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    complicates the simultaneous optimization of hydropower for a multi-stage, multi-reservoir system. The expected value of hydropower must be simultaneously optimized over all time steps and scenarios. Previous stochastic programming model of the Tennessee River Basin converged rapidly to an upper bound on hydropower

  16. Blue Care Elect Enhanced Value (PPO)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aalberts, Daniel P.

    Blue Care Elect SM Enhanced Value (PPO) Summary of Benefits Williams College An Association of Independent Blue Cross and Blue Shield Plans This health plan meets Minimum Creditable Coverage Standards of your directory, call Member Service at the number on your ID card. ·Visit the Blue Cross Blue Shield

  17. Stress Testing Projected Capitalized Farmland Values 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gao, Bo 1988-

    2012-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

    values in each state as well as regional averages over the 2012-2015 period. These projections reflect alternative assumptions regarding future trends in real net farm income at the state level as well as the rate on 10-year constant maturity U...

  18. The Value Chain of Colorado Agriculture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stephens, Graeme L.

    The Value Chain of Colorado Agriculture Gregory Graff, Ryan Mortenson, Rebecca Goldbach, Dawn of Agricultural and Resource Economics, College of Agricultural Sciences, and the Office of Engagement Colorado the Colorado Department of Agriculture and the Colorado State University Office of Engagement. The authors

  19. THE COMPARATIVE VALUE OF BIOLOGICAL CARBON SEQUESTRATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCarl, Bruce A.

    THE COMPARATIVE VALUE OF BIOLOGICAL CARBON SEQUESTRATION BRUCE A. MCCARL, BRIAN C. MURRAY, AND UWE A. SCHNEIDER A. Abstract Carbon sequestration via forests and agricultural soils saturates over time to sequestration because of (1) an ecosystems limited ability to take up carbon which we will call saturation

  20. The Value Chain of Colorado Agriculture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .S. agricultural policy, on the global food system, and on technological change in agricultural production. Greg University. Dr. Thilmany's specialty is in the economics of value-added market differentiation of food products, such as local, organic, and specialty products. At CSU she teaches courses on agricultural

  1. The Value Chain of Colorado Agriculture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .S. agricultural policy, on the global food system, and on technological change in agricultural production. Greg. Thilmany's specialty is in the economics of value-added market differentiation of food products, such as local, organic, and specialty products. At CSU she teaches courses on agricultural finance, agricultural

  2. Operator valued Hardy spaces and related subjects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mei, Tao

    2006-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

    that they are equivalent to those defined by the non-commutative Littlewood-Paley G-functions. We also study the Lp boundedness of operator valued dyadic paraproducts and prove that their Lq boundedness implies their Lp boundedness for all 1 < q < p < �....

  3. Uniform Theory of Multiplicative Valued Difference Fields

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pal, Koushik

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and M ODDAG are co-theories (see Definition 2.1.28). We alsoof model companion (see Definition 2.1.28) of a theory is anValuation Theory Valued Fields Definition 2.3.1. A triple K

  4. Developing Louisiana's Forest Products Industry: Adding Value for the Future

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of a manufacturingThe increased value at each stage of a manufacturing assembly processassembly process Those and necessaryimportant and necessary Addition of net economic valueAddition of net economic value Value can be added through manufacturing orValue can be added through manufacturing or marketingmarketing Why Add Value

  5. Damage detection in mechanical structures using extreme value statistic.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Worden, K.; Allen, D. W. (David W.); Sohn, H. (Hoon); Farrar, C. R. (Charles R.)

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The first and most important objective of any damage identification algorithms is to ascertain with confidence if damage is present or not. Many methods have been proposed for damage detection based on ideas of novelty detection founded in pattern recognition and multivariate statistics. The philosophy of novelty detection is simple. Features are first extracted from a baseline system to be monitored, and subsequent data are then compared to see if the new features are outliers, which significantly depart from the rest of population. In damage diagnosis problems, the assumption is that outliers are generated from a damaged condition of the monitored system. This damage classification necessitates the establishment of a decision boundary. Choosing this threshold value is often based on the assumption that the parent distribution of data is Gaussian in nature. While the problem of novelty detection focuses attention on the outlier or extreme values of the data i.e. those points in the tails of the distribution, the threshold selection using the normality assumption weighs the central population of data. Therefore, this normality assumption might impose potentially misleading behavior on damage classification, and is likely to lead the damage diagnosis astray. In this paper, extreme value statistics is integrated with the novelty detection to specifically model the tails of the distribution of interest. Finally, the proposed technique is demonstrated on simulated numerical data and time series data measured from an eight degree-of-freedom spring-mass system.

  6. Measurement of the neutron $\\beta$-asymmetry parameter $A_0$ with ultracold neutrons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Plaster, B; Back, H O; Bowles, T J; Broussard, L J; Carr, R; Clayton, S; Currie, S; Filippone, B W; Garcia, A; Geltenbort, P; Hickerson, K P; Hoagland, J; Hogan, G E; Hona, B; Holley, A T; Ito, T M; Liu, C -Y; Liu, J; Makela, M; Mammei, R R; Martin, J W; Melconian, D; Mendenhall, M P; Morris, C L; Mortensen, R; Pattie, R W; Jr.,; Galvan, A Perez; Pitt, M L; Ramsey, J C; Russell, R; Saunders, A; Schmid, R; Seestrom, S J; Sjue, S; Sondheim, W E; Tatar, E; Tipton, B; Vogelaar, R B; VornDick, B; Wrede, C; Xu, Y P; Yan, H; Young, A R; Yuan, J

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a detailed report of a measurement of the neutron $\\beta$-asymmetry parameter $A_0$, the parity-violating angular correlation between the neutron spin and the decay electron momentum, performed with polarized ultracold neutrons (UCN). UCN were extracted from a pulsed spallation solid deuterium source and polarized via transport through a 7-T magnetic field. The polarized UCN were then transported through an adiabatic-fast-passage spin-flipper field region, prior to storage in a cylindrical decay volume situated within a 1-T $2 \\times 2\\pi$ solenoidal spectrometer. The asymmetry was extracted from measurements of the decay electrons in multiwire proportional chamber and plastic scintillator detector packages located on both ends of the spectrometer. From an analysis of data acquired during runs in 2008 and 2009, we report $A_0 = -0.11966 \\pm 0.00089_{-0.00140} ^{+0.00123}$, from which we extract a value for the ratio of the weak axial-vector and vector coupling constants of the nucleon, $\\lambda = g...

  7. Measurement of the neutron $?$-asymmetry parameter $A_0$ with ultracold neutrons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    UCNA Collaboration; B. Plaster; R. Rios; H. O. Back; T. J. Bowles; L. J. Broussard; R. Carr; S. Clayton; S. Currie; B. W. Filippone; A. Garcia; P. Geltenbort; K. P. Hickerson; J. Hoagland; G. E. Hogan; B. Hona; A. T. Holley; T. M. Ito; C. -Y. Liu; J. Liu; M. Makela; R. R. Mammei; J. W. Martin; D. Melconian; M. P. Mendenhall; C. L. Morris; R. Mortensen; R. W. Pattie, Jr.; A. Perez Galvan; M. L. Pitt; J. C. Ramsey; R. Russell; A. Saunders; R. Schmid; S. J. Seestrom; S. Sjue; W. E. Sondheim; E. Tatar; B. Tipton; R. B. Vogelaar; B. VornDick; C. Wrede; Y. P. Xu; H. Yan; A. R. Young; J. Yuan

    2012-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a detailed report of a measurement of the neutron $\\beta$-asymmetry parameter $A_0$, the parity-violating angular correlation between the neutron spin and the decay electron momentum, performed with polarized ultracold neutrons (UCN). UCN were extracted from a pulsed spallation solid deuterium source and polarized via transport through a 7-T magnetic field. The polarized UCN were then transported through an adiabatic-fast-passage spin-flipper field region, prior to storage in a cylindrical decay volume situated within a 1-T $2 \\times 2\\pi$ solenoidal spectrometer. The asymmetry was extracted from measurements of the decay electrons in multiwire proportional chamber and plastic scintillator detector packages located on both ends of the spectrometer. From an analysis of data acquired during runs in 2008 and 2009, we report $A_0 = -0.11966 \\pm 0.00089_{-0.00140} ^{+0.00123}$, from which we extract a value for the ratio of the weak axial-vector and vector coupling constants of the nucleon, $\\lambda = g_A/g_V = -1.27590 \\pm 0.00239_{-0.00377}^{+0.00331}$. Complete details of the analysis are presented.

  8. Weak Measurements via Quantum Erasure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aharon Brodutch; Eliahu Cohen

    2014-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

    Weak measurement is increasingly acknowledged as an important theoretical and experimental tool. Until now however, it was not known how to perform an efficient weak non-local measurement of a general operator. We propose a novel scheme for performing non-local weak measurement which is based on the principle of quantum erasure. This method is then demonstrated within a few gedanken experiments, and also applied to the case of measuring sequential weak values. Comparison with other protocols for extracting non-local weak values offers several advantages of the suggested algorithm. In addition to the practical merits, this scheme sheds new light on fundamental topics such as causality, non-locality, measurement and uncertainty.

  9. TBM tunnel friction values for the Grizzly Powerhouse Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stutsman, R.D. [Ensign & Buckley Consulting Engineers, Larkspur, CA (United States); Rothfuss, B.D. [Pacific Gas and Electric Co., San Francisco, CA (United States)

    1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Tunnel boring machine (TBM) driven water conveyance tunnels are becoming increasingly more common. Despite advances in tunnel engineering and construction technology, hydraulic performance data for TBM driven tunnels remains relatively unavailable. At the Grizzly Powerhouse Project, the TBM driven water conveyance tunnel was designed using friction coefficients developed from a previous PG&E project. A range of coefficients were selected to bound the possible hydraulic performance variations of the water conveyance system. These friction coefficients, along with the water conveyance systems characteristics, and expected turbine characteristics, were used in a hydraulic transient analysis to determine the expected system pressure fluctuations, and surge chamber performance. During startup test data, these performance characteristics were measured to allow comparison to the original design assumptions. During construction of the tunnel, plaster casts were made of the actual excavated tunnel unlined and fiber reinforced shotcrete lined surfaces. These castings were used to measure absolute roughness of the surfaces so that a friction coefficient could be developed using the Moody diagram and compare them against the design values. This paper compares the assumed frictional coefficient with computed coefficients from headlosses measured during startup testing, and plaster cast measurement calculations. In addition, a comparison of coefficients will be presented for an other TBM driven water conveyance tunnel constructed in the 1980`s.

  10. Absolute Values of Neutrino Masses: Status and Prospects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. M. Bilenky; C. Giunti; J. A. Grifols; E. Masso

    2003-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

    Compelling evidences in favor of neutrino masses and mixing obtained in the last years in Super-Kamiokande, SNO, KamLAND and other neutrino experiments made the physics of massive and mixed neutrinos a frontier field of research in particle physics and astrophysics. There are many open problems in this new field. In this review we consider the problem of the absolute values of neutrino masses, which apparently is the most difficult one from the experimental point of view. We discuss the present limits and the future prospects of beta-decay neutrino mass measurements and neutrinoless double-beta decay. We consider the important problem of the calculation of nuclear matrix elements of neutrinoless double-beta decay and discuss the possibility to check the results of different model calculations of the nuclear matrix elements through their comparison with the experimental data. We discuss the upper bound of the total mass of neutrinos that was obtained recently from the data of the 2dF Galaxy Redshift Survey and other cosmological data and we discuss future prospects of the cosmological measurements of the total mass of neutrinos. We discuss also the possibility to obtain information on neutrino masses from the observation of the ultra high-energy cosmic rays (beyond the GZK cutoff). Finally, we review the main aspects of the physics of core-collapse supernovae, the limits on the absolute values of neutrino masses from the observation of SN1987A neutrinos and the future prospects of supernova neutrino detection.

  11. Use and Storage of Test and Operations Data from the High Temperature Test Reactor Acquired by the US Government from the Japan Atomic Energy Agency

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hans Gougar

    2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This document describes the use and storage of data from the High Temperature Test Reactor (HTTR) acquired from the Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) by the U.S. Government for high temperature reactor research under the Next Generation Nuclear Plant (NGNP) Project.

  12. Essential Value, Pmax, and Omax Automated Calculator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaplan, Brent A.; Reed, Derek D.

    2014-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

    Behavioral economic measures of demand are often calculated in sophisticated spreadsheet programs. Unfortunately, no closed form models for exact pmax (point of unit elasticity) and omax (response output at pmax) can be ...

  13. Lagrangian Variational Framework for Boundary Value Problems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexander Figotin; Guillermo Reyes

    2014-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

    A boundary value problem is commonly associated with constraints imposed on a system at its boundary. We advance here an alternative point of view treating the system as interacting "boundary" and "interior" subsystems. This view is implemented through a Lagrangian framework that allows to account for (i) a variety of forces including dissipative acting at the boundary; (ii) a multitude of features of interactions between the boundary and the interior fields when the boundary fields may differ from the boundary limit of the interior fields; (iii) detailed pictures of the energy distribution and its flow; (iv) linear and nonlinear effects. We provide a number of elucidating examples of the structured boundary and its interactions with the system interior. We also show that the proposed approach covers the well known boundary value problems.

  14. ARM KAZR-ARSCL Value Added Product

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Jensen, Michael

    The Ka-band ARM Zenith Radars (KAZRs) have replaced the long-serving Millimeter Cloud Radars, or MMCRs. Accordingly, the primary MMCR Value Added Product (VAP), the Active Remote Sensing of CLouds (ARSCL) product, is being replaced by a KAZR-based version, the KAZR-ARSCL VAP. KAZR-ARSCL provides cloud boundaries and best-estimate time-height fields of radar moments.

  15. Merged Sounding Value-Added Product

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Troyan, D

    2010-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

    The Merged Sounding value-added product (VAP) uses a combination of observations from radiosonde soundings, the microwave radiometer (MWR), surface meteorological instruments, and European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) model output with a sophisticated scaling/interpolation/smoothing scheme in order to define profiles of the atmospheric thermodynamic state at one-minute temporal intervals and a total of 266 altitude levels.

  16. Value mapping for sustainable business thinking

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bocken, N. M. P.; Rana, P.; Short, S. W.

    2015-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

    of manufacturing organizations. Sustainable manufacturing as described by Rashid et al. [36] is characterized by strat- egies such as waste minimization, material and resource efficiency and eco-efficiency, the latter being defined as creating more value... opening debate over impacts, trade-offs and compromises 4 Eight workshops with start-ups in logistics/ transport, software and hardware products and various manufacturing sectors (e.g. photovoltaics) Cambridge, Aug 2013–July 2014 Provide additional focus...

  17. Pulse measurement apparatus and method

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Marciante, John R. (Webster, NY); Donaldson, William R. (Pittsford, NY); Roides, Richard G. (Scottsville, NY)

    2011-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

    An embodiment of the invention is directed to a pulse measuring system that measures a characteristic of an input pulse under test, particularly the pulse shape of a single-shot, nano-second duration, high shape-contrast optical or electrical pulse. An exemplary system includes a multi-stage, passive pulse replicator, wherein each successive stage introduces a fixed time delay to the input pulse under test, a repetitively-gated electronic sampling apparatus that acquires the pulse train including an entire waveform of each replica pulse, a processor that temporally aligns the replicated pulses, and an averager that temporally averages the replicated pulses to generate the pulse shape of the pulse under test. An embodiment of the invention is directed to a method for measuring an optical or an electrical pulse shape. The method includes the steps of passively replicating the pulse under test with a known time delay, temporally stacking the pulses, and temporally averaging the stacked pulses. An embodiment of the invention is directed to a method for increasing the dynamic range of a pulse measurement by a repetitively-gated electronic sampling device having a rated dynamic range capability, beyond the rated dynamic range of the sampling device; e.g., enhancing the dynamic range of an oscilloscope. The embodied technique can improve the SNR from about 300:1 to 1000:1. A dynamic range enhancement of four to seven bits may be achieved.

  18. Total Operators and Inhomogeneous Proper Values Equations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jose G. Vargas

    2015-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

    Kaehler's two-sided angular momentum operator, K + 1, is neither vector-valued nor bivector-valued. It is total in the sense that it involves terms for all three dimensions. Constant idempotents that are "proper functions" of K+1's components are not proper functions of K+1. They rather satisfy "inhomogeneous proper-value equations", i.e. of the form (K + 1)U = {\\mu}U + {\\pi}, where {\\pi} is a scalar. We consider an equation of that type with K+1 replaced with operators T that comprise K + 1 as a factor, but also containing factors for both space and spacetime translations. We study the action of those T's on linear combinations of constant idempotents, so that only the algebraic (spin) part of K +1 has to be considered. {\\pi} is now, in general, a non-scalar member of a Kaehler algebra. We develop the system of equations to be satisfied by the combinations of those idempotents for which {\\pi} becomes a scalar. We solve for its solutions with {\\mu} = 0, which actually also makes {\\pi} = 0: The solutions with {\\mu} = {\\pi} = 0 all have three constituent parts, 36 of them being different in the ensemble of all such solutions. That set of different constituents is structured in such a way that we might as well be speaking of an algebraic representation of quarks. In this paper, however, we refrain from pursuing this identification in order to emphasize the purely mathematical nature of the argument.

  19. Measurements of Faint Supernovae

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robert A. Schommer; N. B. Suntzeff; R. C. Smith

    1999-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

    We summarize the current status of cosmological measurements using SNe Ia. Searches to an average depth of z~0.5 have found approximately 100 SNe Ia to date, and measurements of their light curves and peak magnitudes find these objects to be about 0.25mag fainter than predictions for an empty universe. These measurements imply low values for Omega_M and a positive cosmological constant, with high statistical significance. Searches out to z~1.0-1.2 for SNe Ia (peak magnitudes of I~24.5) will greatly aid in confirming this result, or demonstrate the existence of systematic errors. Multi-epoch spectra of SNe Ia at z~0.5 are needed to constrain possible evolutionary effects. I band searches should be able to find SNe Ia out to z~2. We discuss some simulations of deep searches and discovery statistics at several redshifts.

  20. HANDLING MISSING ATTRIBUTE VALUES IN DECISION TABLES USING VALUED TOLERANCE APPROACH

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vasudevan, Supriya

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    =? ? = or ( ) *jc x = or ( ) *jc y = where x and y are two objects and ( )jc x and ( )jc x are the values of attribute jc for x and y respectively. The tolerance relation is the characteristic relation for ?do not care? conditions which are represented... by the valued tolerance approach is that there is a uniform probability distribution among the set of all attributes and the set of values that each attribute has is discrete. Consider a decision table IT (U, C). For every attribute jc , we can associate a...

  1. Low cost subpixel method for vibration measurement

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ferrer, Belen [Department of Civil Engineering, Univ. Alicante P.O. Box, 99, 03080 Alicante (Spain); Espinosa, Julian; Perez, Jorge; Acevedo, Pablo; Mas, David [Inst. of Physics Applied to the Sciences and Technologies, Univ. Alicante P.O. Box, 99, 03080 Alicante (Spain); Roig, Ana B. [Department of Optics, Univ. Alicante P.O. Box, 99, 03080 Alicante (Spain)

    2014-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

    Traditional vibration measurement methods are based on devices that acquire local data by direct contact (accelerometers, GPS) or by laser beams (Doppler vibrometers). Our proposal uses video processing to obtain the vibration frequency directly from the scene, without the need of auxiliary targets or devices. Our video-vibrometer can obtain the vibration frequency at any point in the scene and can be implemented with low-cost devices, such as commercial cameras. Here we present the underlying theory and some experiments that support our technique.

  2. Decommissioning Cost Estimating Factors And Earned Value Integration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sanford, P.C.; Cimmarron, E. [Englewood, CO, B. Skokan, Office of Project Management Oversight, EM-53, United States Department of Energy, Washington, DC (United States)

    2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Rocky Flats 771 Project progressed from the planning stage of decommissioning a plutonium facility, through the strip-out of highly-contaminated equipment, removal of utilities and structural decontamination, and building demolition. Actual cost data was collected from the strip-out activities and compared to original estimates, allowing the development of cost by equipment groupings and types and over time. Separate data was developed from the project control earned value reporting and compared with the equipment data. The paper discusses the analysis to develop the detailed factors for the different equipment types, and the items that need to be considered during characterization of a similar facility when preparing an estimate. The factors are presented based on direct labor requirements by equipment type. The paper also includes actual support costs, and examples of fixed or one-time start-up costs. The integration of the estimate and the earned value system used for the 771 Project is also discussed. The paper covers the development of the earned value system as well as its application to a facility to be decommissioned and an existing work breakdown structure. Lessons learned are provided, including integration with scheduling and craft supervision, measurement approaches, and verification of scope completion. In summary: The work of decommissioning the Rocky Flats 771 Project process equipment was completed in 2003. Early in the planning process, we had difficulty in identifying credible data and implementing processes for estimating and controlling this work. As the project progressed, we were able to collect actual data on the costs of removing plutonium contaminated equipment from various areas over the life of this work and associate those costs with individual pieces of equipment. We also were able to develop and test out a system for measuring the earned value of a decommissioning project based on an evolving estimate. These were elements that would have been useful to us in our early planning process, and we would expect that they would find application elsewhere as the DOE weapons complex and some commercial nuclear facilities move towards closure. (authors)

  3. Reference values for total blood volume and cardiac output in humans

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Williams, L.R. [Indiana Univ., South Bend, IN (United States). Division of Liberal Arts and Sciences] [Indiana Univ., South Bend, IN (United States). Division of Liberal Arts and Sciences

    1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Much research has been devoted to measurement of total blood volume (TBV) and cardiac output (CO) in humans but not enough effort has been devoted to collection and reduction of results for the purpose of deriving typical or {open_quotes}reference{close_quotes} values. Identification of normal values for TBV and CO is needed not only for clinical evaluations but also for the development of biokinetic models for ultra-short-lived radionuclides used in nuclear medicine (Leggett and Williams 1989). The purpose of this report is to offer reference values for TBV and CO, along with estimates of the associated uncertainties that arise from intra- and inter-subject variation, errors in measurement techniques, and other sources. Reference values are derived for basal supine CO and TBV in reference adult humans, and differences associated with age, sex, body size, body position, exercise, and other circumstances are discussed.

  4. Methods of valuing and pricing inventories

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Futch, George Peyton

    1947-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of the war period. It is intended that this paper will be of service in clearing up some of the controversial points of inventory valuing and pricing and aid in standardizing inventory methods GENERAL ASPECTS OF INVENTORIES The advent of the income tax... taxpayer should be' consistent from year to year, and greater weight is to be given to consistency than to any particular method of inventorying or basis of valuation so long as the method or basis used is substantia11y in accord with these regu1ations...

  5. Unit Conversion Factors Quantity Equivalent Values

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ashurst, W. Robert

    Unit Conversion Factors Quantity Equivalent Values Mass 1 kg = 1000 g = 0.001 metric ton = 2.921 inHg at 0 C Energy 1 J = 1 N·m = 107 ergs = 107 dyne·cm = 2.778×10-7 kW·h 1 J = 0.23901 cal = 0·R 10.73 psia·ft3 lbmol·R 62.36 liter·torr mol·K 0.7302 ft3·atm lbmol·R Temperature Conversions: T

  6. Nutritive value of hydrolyzed feather meal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCasland, William Edward

    1965-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    al. 1955) indicates that pepsin digestibility, while furnishing valuable information regarding the nutritive value of some samples, may not always be reliable as a guide to feeding quality. Therefore, it was decided to determine if proteolytic... to sapplenenc Lhc hyarolyz . I f" lb. rs tn crcer to promote growth. I foe miso ac io compo at Ion;;r tf e I . ' theta, as previously shot!n, indicated that t he Feathers w re low in rsethrontne Lysins ?hi rid inc, and slightly Iow in t. yrosine ano phenyl...

  7. Value Study Desk Manual | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directed off Energy.gov. Are you sureReportsofDepartmentSeries |Attacks | Department ofValue Study Desk

  8. Fermilab | Employee Advisory Group | Value Statement

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville Power AdministrationField8,Dist.New Mexico Feb. 13, 2013Focus Group Report A random samplingValue

  9. ARM - Value-Added Products (VAP)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office511041cloth DocumentationProducts (VAP) VAP Update Information on new, existing, and future value-added

  10. Value of Demand Response -Introduction Klaus Skytte

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of wind power. #12;Perspectives ­ The System Operator Keep the balance Demand reduction = increased as indicator. #12;Motivations We want more wind power in the system. This require more flexibility of the rest plants and better use of wind power. Public goods / Externalities not measured in the markets #12

  11. ARM - Measurements

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625govInstrumentstdmadap Documentation TDMADAP : XDCnarrowbandheat flux ARM DatagovMeasurementsVisibilityMeasurements

  12. ARM Climate Research Facility Spectral Surface Albedo Value-Added Product (VAP) Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McFarlane, S; Gaustad, K; Long, C; Mlawer, E

    2011-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    This document describes the input requirements, output data products, and methodology for the Spectral Surface Albedo (SURFSPECALB) value-added product (VAP). The SURFSPECALB VAP produces a best-estimate near-continuous high spectral resolution albedo data product using measurements from multifilter radiometers (MFRs). The VAP first identifies best estimates for the MFR downwelling and upwelling shortwave irradiance values, and then calculates narrowband spectral albedo from these best-estimate irradiance values. The methodology for finding the best-estimate values is based on a simple process of screening suspect data and backfilling screened and missing data with estimated values when possible. The resulting best-estimate MFR narrowband spectral albedos are used to determine a daily surface type (snow, 100% vegetation, partial vegetation, or 0% vegetation). For non-snow surfaces, a piecewise continuous function is used to estimate a high spectral resolution albedo at 1 min temporal and 10 cm-1 spectral resolution.

  13. Constructivism, measurement, mathematics Concepts of measurement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hennig, Christian

    Constructivism, measurement, mathematics Concepts of measurement Measurement and statistics Conclusion Measurement as a constructive act - a statistician's view Christian Hennig March 14, 2013 Christian Hennig Measurement as a constructive act - a statistician's view #12;Constructivism, measurement

  14. Managing unarticulated value : changeability in multi-attribute tradespace exploration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ross, Adam Michael, 1977-

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A framework for creating value robust systems in the face of changing value perceptions during the architecture and design of systems is proposed. Both unarticulated value, that which is not explicitly communicated to ...

  15. Investigating Army systems and Systems of Systems for value robustness

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koo, Kevin C. K. (Kevin Cheng Keong)

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis proposes a value robustness approach to architect defense systems and Systems of Systems (SoS). A value robust system or SoS has the ability to provide continued value to stakeholders by performing well to meet ...

  16. Aligning Perspectives and Methods for Value-Driven Design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ross, Adam Michael

    Recent years have seen a push to use explicit consideration of “value” in order to drive design. This paper conveys the need to explicitly align perspectives on “value” with the method used to quantify “value.” Various ...

  17. Cognitive Energy Value Chain: Leveraging Big Data to Optimize Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Birg, G.; Reitmeier, T.

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    : Capability Value Drivers ? Current Gross Margin Understand the gross margin value being generated by each component of the business ? Sensitivity Analyses Understand the value associated with incrementing any or all aspects of the business and the impact...: Capability Value Drivers ? Current Gross Margin Understand the gross margin value being generated by each component of the business ? Sensitivity Analyses Understand the value associated with incrementing any or all aspects of the business and the impact...

  18. The Measure of a Measurement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Palle E. T. Jorgensen

    2007-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

    While finite non-commutative operator systems lie at the foundation of quantum measurement, they are also tools for understanding geometric iterations as used in the theory of iterated function systems (IFSs) and in wavelet analysis. Key is a certain splitting of the total Hilbert space and its recursive iterations to further iterated subdivisions. This paper explores some implications for associated probability measures (in the classical sense of measure theory), specifically their fractal components. We identify a fractal scale $s$ in a family of Borel probability measures $\\mu$ on the unit interval which arises independently in quantum information theory and in wavelet analysis. The scales $s$ we find satisfy $s\\in \\mathbb{R}_{+}$ and $s\

  19. Aerosol Best Estimate Value-Added Product

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Flynn, C; Turner, D; Koontz, A; Chand, D; Sivaraman, C

    2012-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of the Aerosol Best Estimate (AEROSOLBE) value-added product (VAP) is to provide vertical profiles of aerosol extinction, single scatter albedo, asymmetry parameter, and Angstroem exponents for the atmospheric column above the Central Facility at the ARM Southern Great Plains (SGP) site. We expect that AEROSOLBE will provide nearly continuous estimates of aerosol optical properties under a range of conditions (clear, broken clouds, overcast clouds, etc.). The primary requirement of this VAP was to provide an aerosol data set as continuous as possible in both time and height for the Broadband Heating Rate Profile (BBHRP) VAP in order to provide a structure for the comprehensive assessment of our ability to model atmospheric radiative transfer for all conditions. Even though BBHRP has been completed, AEROSOLBE results are very valuable for environmental, atmospheric, and climate research.

  20. Neutron Cross-Section Measurements on Structural Materials at ORELA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Guber, Klaus H [ORNL] [ORNL; Koehler, Paul [ORNL] [ORNL; Wiarda, Dorothea [ORNL] [ORNL; Harvey, John A [ORNL] [ORNL

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Neutron capture experiments, using isotopically enriched and natural samples of chromium and titanium, were performed on flight paths 6 and 7 at the 40 m flight station of ORELA. The experimental data were acquired using a pair of deuterated benzene detectors employing the now well-established pulse-height-weighting technique. These data were complemented by new total cross-section measurements where no useful previous data were available.

  1. Moisture Management for High R-Value Walls

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lepage, R.; Schumacher, C.; Lukachko, A.

    2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The following report explains the moisture-related concerns for High R-value wall assemblies and discusses past Building America research work that informs this study. Hygrothermal simulations were prepared for several common approaches to High R-value wall construction in six cities (Houston, Atlanta, Seattle, St. Louis, Chicago, and International Falls) representing a range of climate zones (2, 3, 4C, 4, 5A, and 7, respectively). The simulations are informed by experience gained from past research in this area and validated by field measurement and forensic experience. The modeling program was developed to assess the moisture durability of the wall assemblies based on three primary sources of moisture: construction moisture, air leakage condensation, and bulk water leakage. The peak annual moisture content of the wood based exterior sheathing was used to comparatively analyze the response to the moisture loads for each of the walls in each given city. Walls which experienced sheathing moisture contents between 20% and 28% were identified as risky, whereas those exceeding 28% were identified as very high risk. All of the wall assemblies perform well under idealized conditions. However, only the walls with exterior insulation, or cavity insulation which provides a hygrothermal function similar to exterior insulation, perform adequately when exposed to moisture loads. Walls with only cavity insulation are particularly susceptible to air leakage condensation. None of the walls performed well when a precipitation based bulk water leak was introduced to the backside of the sheathing, emphasizing the importance of proper flashing details.

  2. Value of Faster Computation for Power Grid Operation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chen, Yousu; Huang, Zhenyu; Elizondo, Marcelo A.

    2012-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    As a result of the grid evolution meeting the information revolution, the power grid is becoming far more complex than it used to be. How to feed data in, perform analysis, and extract information in a real-time manner is a fundamental challenge in today’s power grid operation, not to mention the significantly increased complexity in the smart grid environment. Therefore, high performance computing (HPC) becomes one of the advanced technologies used to meet the requirement of real-time operation. This paper presents benefit case studies to show the value of fast computation for operation. Two fundamental operation functions, state estimation (SE) and contingency analysis (CA), are used as examples. In contrast with today’s tools, fast SE can estimate system status in a few seconds—comparable to measurement cycles. Fast CA can solve more contingencies in a shorter period, reducing the possibility of missing critical contingencies. The benefit case study results clearly show the value of faster computation for increasing the reliability and efficiency of power system operation.

  3. Sandia National Laboratories: value energy-efficient improvements

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    value energy-efficient improvements PV Value Tool Featured at Washington D.C. Roundtable On April 1, 2014, in Energy, News, News & Events, Partnership, Photovoltaic, Renewable...

  4. Pumped Storage Hydropower (Detailed Analysis to Demonstrate Value...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Pumped Storage Hydropower (Detailed Analysis to Demonstrate Value)-Modeling and Analysis of Value of Advanced Pumped Storage Hydropower in the U.S. Pumped Storage Hydropower...

  5. Earned Value Management System (EVMS) and Project Analysis Standard...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Earned Value Management System (EVMS) and Project Analysis Standard Operating Procedure (EPASOP)- March 2014 Earned Value Management System (EVMS) and Project Analysis Standard...

  6. Value Analysis of Alternative Diesel Particulate Filter (DPF...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Value Analysis of Alternative Diesel Particulate Filter (DPF) Substrates for Future Diesel Aftertreatment Systems Value Analysis of Alternative Diesel Particulate Filter (DPF)...

  7. The Value of Distributed Generation and CHP Resources in Wholesale...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    The Value of Distributed Generation and CHP Resources in Wholesale Power Markets, September 2005 The Value of Distributed Generation and CHP Resources in Wholesale Power Markets,...

  8. 3-Cylinder Turbocharged Gasoline Direct Injection: A High Value...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Cylinder Turbocharged Gasoline Direct Injection: A High Value Solution for Euro VI Emissions 3-Cylinder Turbocharged Gasoline Direct Injection: A High Value Solution for Euro VI...

  9. Shared Value in Utility and Efficiency Partnerships - Lessons...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Shared Value in Utility and Efficiency Partnerships - Lessons in Perseverance, Flexibility and Mutual Respect Shared Value in Utility and Efficiency Partnerships - Lessons in...

  10. Sonde Adjust Value-Added Product Technical Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Troyan, D

    2012-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

    The Sonde Adjust (SONDEADJUST) value-added product (VAP) creates a file that includes all fields from original Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Climate Research Facility (ARM Facility) radiosonde files and contains several value-added fields that provide adjustments related to well-known humidity issues. SONDEADJUST produces data that correct documented biases in radiosonde humidity measurements. Previous efforts towards applying some of these corrections are available via the discontinued PI product sgpsondecorr1miloC1. Unique fields contained within this datastream include smoothed original relative humidity, dry bias corrected relative humidity, and final corrected relative humidity. The smoothed RH field refines the relative humidity from integers-the resolution of the instrument-to fractions of a percent. This profile is then used to calculate the dry bias corrected field. The final correction fixes the time-lag problem and uses the dry-bias field as input into the algorithm. In addition to dry bias, solar heating is another correction that is encompassed in the final corrected RH field. Output from SONDEADJUST differs from the previous RH-corrected datastreams in important ways. First, all three types of ARM radiosondes-Vaisala RS-80, RS-90, and RS-92-are corrected using dedicated procedures and/or parameters. Second, the output variables include all of those found in the original radiosonde file: dry bulb temperature, dewpoint temperature, wind speed, wind direction, eastward wind component, northward wind component, wind status (a Vaisala-produced field used in conjunction with the Loran system), ascent rate, and original relative humidity. Additional humidity fields are smoothed relative humidity, dry biased corrected relative humidity, final ambient relative humidity, and scaled adjusted relative humidity. Third, quality control (QC) flags of the fields from the original radiosonde datastream are brought into the SONDEADJUST output file. Additional QC variables are created for the new fields.

  11. ARM - Measurements

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOnItem NotEnergy,ARMForms About Become a User Recovery ActgovMeasurements Measurement

  12. Short-Duration Simulations from Measurements.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mitchell, Dean J.; Enghauser, Michael

    2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A method is presented that ascribes proper statistical variability to simulations that are derived from longer-duration measurements. This method is applicable to simulations of either real-value or integer-value data. An example is presented that demonstrates the applicability of this technique to the synthesis of gamma-ray spectra.

  13. Certifying Industrial Energy Efficiency Performance: Aligning Management, Measurement, and Practice to Create Market Value

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McKane, Aimee; Scheihing, Paul; Williams, Robert

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    are significantly less energy efficient than they could be.Council for an Energy Efficient Economy (ACEEE) was formed.Peter Radgen, 2005, Energy Efficient Motor Driven Systems,

  14. Certifying Industrial Energy Efficiency Performance: Aligning Management, Measurement, and Practice to Create Market Value

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McKane, Aimee; Scheihing, Paul; Williams, Robert

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Certifying Industrial Energy Efficiency Performance:to improve their energy efficiency- as evidenced by the 98%the renewed interest in energy efficiency worldwide and the

  15. Comparison of probing sites for estimating individual swine carcass measurements and value 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Polzer, Eugene Francis

    1958-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    '. a i@i&a'0d. eire % woe :--~e~: vkeh e ~0m'- tm' ~4@@ e4@~~iefv4cy, eM @ . ;:-'::;-'. ;~'a lie;4@eae&e~;~'mMe ~ '~~~'~-4e'- -' ' Ng5, ~y: . m. % ~N- ~ ~4~/ ~ et~ gee@O4e4'~, ~Cg ka Ae L~ ~a M. ~M ; '. fa:4he eee~, . ' &'~~1 Wa:-+4Ak4lkea b..., :, 6 MLtEGK. QF T~&ll% ! i, j~ ~is e j vi;~e. ~54~4e bF ~ ~ ~~ ~ b~~ ~VV/. ~g. '~ ~, ~gilg ~ XAQj gkg@g IBV~dg W~g% 4~:-QLp- thIQ 'MS@ 44 QN. pgW ~ tery 444 ~ 4%I~ ~ tk:, "qq ei' ~ ~14@~ Fm Ci""fymaaea bc@ ~. w~~~i M~ 4'~ @R @Q~ ~:W . 5@8% 44...

  16. Selectivity, quality adjustment and mean reversion in the measurement of house values

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hwang, M; Quigley, John M.

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Case, Karl E. , John M. Quigley, and Robert J. Shiller, “Englund, Peter, John M. Quigley and Christian Redfearn, “187. Case, Bradford and John M. Quigley, “The Dynamics of

  17. Certifying Industrial Energy Efficiency Performance: AligningManagement, Measurement, and Practice to Create Market Value

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McKane, Aimee; Scheihing, Paul; Williams, Robert

    2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    More than fifteen years after the launch of programs in theU.K. and U.S., industry still offers one of the largest opportunities forenergy savings worldwide. The International Energy Agency (IEA) estimatesthe savings potential from cost-optimization of industrial motor-drivensystems alone at 7 percent of global electricity use. The U.S. Departmentof Energy (USDOE) Industrial Technologies Program estimates 7 percentsavings potential in total US industrial energy use through theapplication of proven best practice. Simple paybacks for these types ofprojects are frequently two years or less. The technology required toachieve these savings is widely available; the technical skills requiredto identify energy saving opportunities are known and transferable.Although programs like USDOE's Best Practices have been highlysuccessful, most plants, as supported by 2002 MECS data, remain eitherunaware or unmotivated to improve their energy efficiency--as evidencedby the 98 percent of US industrial facilities reporting to MECS say thatthey lack a full-time energy manager. With the renewed interest in energyefficiency worldwide and the emergence of carbon trading and newfinancial instruments such as white certificates1, there is a need tointroduce greater transparency into the way that industrial facilitiesidentify, develop, and document energy efficiency projects. Historically,industrial energy efficiency projects have been developed by plantengineers, frequently with assistance from consultants and/or supplierswith highly specialized technical skills. Under this scenario,implementation of energy efficiency improvements is dependent onindividuals. These individuals typically include "champions" within anindustrial facility or corporation, working in cooperation withconsultants or suppliers who have substantial knowledge based on years ofexperience. This approach is not easily understood by others without thisspecialized technical knowledge, penetrates the market fairly slowly, andhas no assurance of persistence, since champions may leave the company orbe reassigned after project completion.This paper presents an alternatescenario that builds on the body of expert knowledge concerning energymanagement best practices and the experience of industrial champions toengage industry in continuous energy efficiency improvement at thefacility rather than the individual level. Under this scenario,standardized methodologies for applying and validating energy managementbest practices in industrial facilities will be developed through aconsensus process involving both plant personnel and specializedconsultants and suppliers. The resulting protocols will describe aprocess or framework for conducting an energy savings assessment andverifying the results that will be transparent to policymakers, managers,and the financial community, and validated by a third-party organization.Additionally, a global dialogue is being initiated by the United NationsIndustrial Development Organization (UNIDO) concerning the development ofan international industrial energy management standard that would be ISOcompatible. The proposed scenario will combine the resulting standardwith the best practice protocols for specific energy systems (i.e.,steam, process heating, compressed air, pumping systems, etc.) to formthe foundation of a third party, performance-based certification programfor the overall industrial facility that is compatible with existingmanagement systems, including ISO 9001:2000, 14001:2004 and 6 Sigma. Thelong term goal of this voluntary, industry designed certification programis to develop a transparent, globally accepted system for validatingenergy efficiency projects and management practices. This system wouldcreate a verified record of energy savings with potential market valuethat could be recognized among sectors and countries.

  18. What measures climate? A variety of variables including their variability and extreme values determine climate for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Allan, Richard P.

    climate zones? The sun is the ultimate power source for the climate "machine". The uneven distribution conditions. Typical variables to consider are temperature (maximum, miniumum), precipitation (includes rain, sleet, snow, hail, etc), sunlight/cloudiness, wind, humidity, ice cover, sea temperature, etc... Many

  19. A MULTI-DIMENSIONAL OPTIMAL HARVESTING PROBLEM WITH MEASURE VALUED SOLUTIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bressan, Alberto

    a bounded connected open set RN , N 2, with smooth boundary. Denote by = (t, x) the density of fish at time t at the point x . In absence of fishing activity, we assume that the fish population evolves choice for the source term is g(x, ) = (x) h(x) - . Here h(x) denotes the maximum fish population

  20. A MULTI-DIMENSIONAL OPTIMAL HARVESTING PROBLEM WITH MEASURE VALUED SOLUTIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shen, Wen

    ) the density of fish at time t at the point x . In absence of fishing activity, assume that the fish fish population that can be supported by the habitat at x, while is a reproduction speed. We denote by u = u(t, x) the intensity of harvesting conducted by a fishing company. In the presence

  1. First Direct Double-Decay Q-Value Measurement of 82 Se in Support

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Engel, Jonathan

    , are unknown. Furthermore, the nature of the neutrino is also unknown; is it a Dirac or Majorana particle, i (#12;#12; decay) has been increasing since the laboratory verification of the weak, but allowed, two-neutrino#12;#12; decay, we would have evidence that the neutrino is a Majorana particle and that conservation of total

  2. Certifying Industrial Energy Efficiency Performance: Aligning Management, Measurement, and Practice to Create Market Value

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McKane, Aimee; Scheihing, Paul; Williams, Robert

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    knowledge concerning energy management best practices andapplying and validating energy management best practices inan international industrial energy management standard that

  3. AN ANALYSIS OF THE MEASURED VALUES FOR THE STATE OF STRESS IN THE EARTH'S CRUST

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jamison, Dennis B.; Cook, Neville G.W.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Institution of Mining and Metallurgy, London, In press.Institute of Mineral Metallurgy, Mayer, A. , Habib, P. , andJournal of the Mining and Metallurgy Institute of Japan, 86,

  4. AN ANALYSIS OF THE MEASURED VALUES FOR THE STATE OF STRESS IN THE EARTH'S CRUST

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cook, Neville G.W.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Institution of Mining and Metallurgy, London, In press.Institute of Mineral Metallurgy, Mayer, A. , Habib, P. , andJournal of the Mining and Metallurgy Institute of Japan, 86,

  5. Certifying Industrial Energy Efficiency Performance: Aligning Management, Measurement, and Practice to Create Market Value

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McKane, Aimee; Scheihing, Paul; Williams, Robert

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    management systems, including ISO 9001:2000, 14001:2004 andmanagement systems, such as ISO 9001:2000, 14001:2004, and

  6. Comparison of probing sites for estimating individual swine carcass measurements and value

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Polzer, Eugene Francis

    1958-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . yp@~: eg yw~, ~ ! ~ ~&@km e@~, e. ~:jieK44'. " ~ @~4. ~4'~4. ~%. :&, ~, 'Wy XS'g . M'~. , 4$Si'?4j: ~~~"', j' ~eky X. 5. ~, ~, :~, ~~ ef, CM, . ~ MAMe M::M'~ ~ je, the ek@4e eS ~ %jan'~ ~ R~ C. SS W 9~Q g@y ~~~y' esker:W l%. ~ Q~~~ e.... %hatkey ~ ~%M ~%95++~ ee ejL+ee @ ~p~. "~~. ~ g k~, ~~ '~%~i' m le 5 J '' '":"' . M M 4, ~fie~te eg mrgatetiou of fbi ~ get, er ~M. &vi yICbs mOaSQXeaR544 vkgL 'VSfiOQS ~' $@~tLCSi. ! (PCSFSNhy 5'4. @La'p' ' Xgg f) ' l, f...

  7. The economic utilization and value of time savings to trucking fleets of private firms resulting from improved highways

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McFarland, William F

    1963-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    'e 1 2 0 0 5 Chapter HISTORY OF ATTEMPTS TO MEASURE THE VALUE OF TIME SAVINGS ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ Value of Time: Value of Time: Passenger Caxs. . . . . . . . . . 8 Commercial Vehicles . . . . . . . . 18 PRIVATE TRUCKERS: PART ONE... and driving annoyance ("the strain and discomfort of nonuni. form driving") for passenger cars, the Final ~Re ort of the ~Hi hway Cost Allocati. on ~Stud used ". . . data on the comparative use, operating characteristics, and costs of travel of toll roads...

  8. Production of High Value Cellulose from Tobacco

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Berson, R ERic; Dvaid, Keith; McGinley, W Mark; Meduri, Praveen; Clark, Ezra; Dayalan, Ethirajulu; Sumaneskera, Gamini; Donald Colliver, Mahendra Sunkara'

    2011-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The Kentucky Rural Energy Supply Program was established in 2005 by a federal direct appropriation to benefit the citizens of the Commonwealth by creating a unified statewide consortium to promote renewable energy and energy efficiency in Kentucky. The U.S. Department of Energy�s (DOE) Office of Biomass Programs initially funded the consortium in 2005 with a $2 million operational grant. The Kentucky Rural Energy Consortium (KREC) was formed at the outset of the program to advance energy efficiency and comprehensive research on biomass and bioenergy of importance to Kentucky agriculture, rural communities, and related industries. In recognition of the successful efforts of the program, KREC received an additional $1.96 million federal appropriation in 2008 for renewal of the DOE grant. From the beginning, KREC understood the value of providing a statewide forum for the discussion of Kentucky�s long term energy needs and economic development potential. The new funding allowed KREC to continue to serve as a clearinghouse and support new research and development and outreach programs for energy efficiency and renewable energy.

  9. Value of storage with increased renewable penetration.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brainard, James Robert; Roach, Jesse Dillon

    2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The problem statement for this project is: (1) Renewable energy portfolio standards - (a) high penetration of intermittent and variable renewable generation on the grid, (b) utilities constrained by NERC Control Performance Standards, (c) requires additional resources to match generation with load; and (2) mitigation of impacts with energy storage - at what level of renewable penetration does energy storage become an attractive value proposition. Use a simplified, yet robust dispatch model that: (a) incorporates New Mexico Balance Area load and wind generation data, (b) distributes the load among a suite of generators, (c) quantifies increased generation costs with increased penetration of intermittent and variable renewable generation - fuel, startup, shut down, ramping, standby, etc., (d) tracks and quantifies NERC pentalties and violations, and (e) quantifies storage costs. Dispatch model has been constructed and it: (a) accurately distributes a load among a suite of generators, (b) quantifies duty cycle metrics for each of the generators - cumulative energy production, ramping and non ramping duration, spinning reserves, number of start-ups, and shut down durations, etc., (c) quantifies energy exchanges - cumulative exchanges, duration, and number of exchanges, (d) tracks ACE violations.

  10. Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle Value Proposition Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pennycook, Steve

    Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle Value Proposition Study Phase 1, Task 2: Select Value Propositions Government or any agency thereof. #12;ORNL/TM-2008/056 Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle Value Proposition-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) Value Propositions Workshop held in Washington, D.C. in December 2007

  11. Relationship between satellite-derived vegetation indices and aircraft-based CO2 measurements

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cihlar, J.; Caramori, P.H.; Schuepp, P.H.; Desjardins, R.L.; Macpherson, J.I. (Canada Centre for Remote Sensing, Ottawa (Canada) McGill Univ., Montreal (Canada) Agriculture Canada, Centre for Land and Biological Resources Research, Ottawa (Canada) National Research Council of Canada, Inst. for Aerospace Research, Ottawa (Canada))

    1992-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of this study was to analyze the relationship between satellite-derived vegetation indices and CO2 uptake, as an initial step in exploring the possibility of using a satellite-derived vegetation index as a measure of net photosynthesis. The study area included the First International Satellite Land Surface Climatology Project (ISLSCP) Field Experiment (FIFE) site located on the Konza prairie and adjacent area as well as a transect between Manhattan and Salina. One third of the transect exhibited vegetation and terrain characteristics similar to those on the FIFE site, whereas cultivated land predominated in the remaining portion of the 75-km-long flight line. In June, July, August, and October 1987, several CO2 data sets were obtained using the National Research Council of Canada's Twin Otter research aircraft. The normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) and the simple ratio (SR) were computed from NOAA AVHRR data acquired as part of FIFE. Aircraft and satellite data were processed to obtain spatially coincident and locally representative flux values. Results show a linear relationship between NDVI and CO2 uptake during a single day; however, a nonlinear relationship emerged when all data sets were combined. The data from FIFE and the regional transect were consistent for one date but differed for other periods. Overall, about 60 percent of total variability in CO2 flux was accounted for by the NDVI and 74 percent by the SR. 14 refs.

  12. Q(EC) values of the superallowed beta emitters (10)C, (34)Ar, (38)Ca, and (46)V

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eronen, T.; Gorelov, D.; Hakala, J.; Hardy, John C.; Jokinen, A.; Kankainen, A.; Moore, I. D.; Penttila, H.; Reponen, M.; Rissanen, J.; Saastamoinen, A.; Aysto, J.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Q(EC) values of the superallowed beta(+) emitters (10)C, (34)Ar, (38)Ca, and (46)V have been measured with the JYFLTRAP Penning-trap mass spectrometer to be 3648.12(8), 6061.83(8), 6612.12(7), and 7052.44(10) keV, respectively. All four values...

  13. How Do Patents Shape Global Value Chains? International and Domestic Patenting and Value-Added Trade

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sekhon, Jasjeet S.

    -Added Trade October 2014 Preliminary Draft ­ Please do not cite Nikolas J. Zolas, Center for Economic Studies that links patents to industry and trade classifications to characterize how patents affect the structure of value-added trade, we test how domestic and international (bilateral) patenting specifically related

  14. Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Climate Research Facility (ACRF Instrumentation Status: New, Current, and Future)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    JW Voyles

    2008-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this report is to provide a concise but comprehensive overview of Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Climate Research Facility instrumentation status. The report is divided into the following four sections: (1) new instrumentation in the process of being acquired and deployed, (2) existing instrumentation and progress on improvements or upgrades, (3) proposed future instrumentation, and (4) Small Business Innovation Research instrument development.

  15. Measurement of \

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aguilar-Arevalo, A A; Bazarko, A O; Brice, S J; Brown, B C; Bugel, L; Cao, J; Coney, L; Conrad, J M; Cox, D C; Curioni, A; Djurcic, Z; Finley, D A; Fleming, B T; Ford, R; Garcia, F G; Garvey, G T; Gonzales, J; Grange, J; Green, C; Green, J A; Hart, T L; Hawker, E; Imlay, R; Johnson, R A; Karagiorgi, G; Kasper, P; Katori, T; Kobilarcik, T; Kourbanis, I; Koutsoliotas, S; Laird, E M; Linden, S K; Link, J M; Liu, Y; Louis, W C; Mahn, K B M; Marsh, W; Mauger, C; McGary, V T; McGregor, G; Metcalf, W; Meyers, P D; Mills, F; Mills, G B; Monroe, J; Moore, C D; Mousseau, J; Nelson, R H; Nienaber, P; Nowak, J A; Osmanov, B; Ouedraogo, S; Patterson, R B; Pavlovic, Z; Perevalov, D; Polly, C C; Prebys, E; Raaf, J L; Ray, H; Roe, B P; Russell, A D; Sandberg, V; Schirato, R; Schmitz, D; Shaevitz, M H; Shoemaker, F C; Smith, D; Soderberg, M; Sorel, M; Spentzouris, P; Spitz, J; Stancu, I; Stefanski, R J; Sung, M; Tanaka, H A; Tayloe, R; Tzanov, M; Van de Water, R G; Wascko, M O; White, D H; Wilking, M J; Yang, H J; Zeller, G P; Zimmerman, E D

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    MiniBooNE reports the first absolute cross sections for neutral current single \\pi^0 production on CH_2 induced by neutrino and antineutrino interactions measured from the largest sets of NC \\pi^0 events collected to date. The principal result consists of differential cross sections measured as functions of \\pi^0 momentum and \\pi^0 angle averaged over the neutrino flux at MiniBooNE. We find total cross sections of (4.76+/-0.05_{stat}+/-0.40_{sys})*10^{-40} cm^2/nucleon at a mean energy of =808 MeV and (1.48+/-0.05_{stat}+/-0.14_{sys})*10^{-40} cm^2/nucleon at a mean energy of =664 MeV for \

  16. ARM - Measurements

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625govInstrumentstdmadap Documentation TDMADAP : XDCnarrowbandheat flux ARM DatagovMeasurementsVisibility ARMProject

  17. ARM - Measurements

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625govInstrumentstdmadap Documentation TDMADAP : XDCnarrowbandheat flux ARM DatagovMeasurementsVisibility

  18. The Multiple Zeta Value Data Mine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. Blümlein; D. J. Broadhurst; J. A. M. Vermaseren

    2009-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

    We provide a data mine of proven results for multiple zeta values (MZVs) of the form $\\zeta(s_1,s_2,...,s_k)=\\sum_{n_1>n_2>...>n_k>0}^\\infty \\{1/(n_1^{s_1} >... n_k^{s_k})\\}$ with weight $w=\\sum_{i=1}^k s_i$ and depth $k$ and for Euler sums of the form $\\sum_{n_1>n_2>...>n_k>0}^\\infty t\\{(\\epsilon_1^{n_1} >...\\epsilon_1 ^{n_k})/ (n_1^{s_1} ... n_k^{s_k}) \\}$ with signs $\\epsilon_i=\\pm1$. Notably, we achieve explicit proven reductions of all MZVs with weights $w\\le22$, and all Euler sums with weights $w\\le12$, to bases whose dimensions, bigraded by weight and depth, have sizes in precise agreement with the Broadhurst--Kreimer and Broadhurst conjectures. Moreover, we lend further support to these conjectures by studying even greater weights ($w\\le30$), using modular arithmetic. To obtain these results we derive a new type of relation for Euler sums, the Generalized Doubling Relations. We elucidate the "pushdown" mechanism, whereby the ornate enumeration of primitive MZVs, by weight and depth, is reconciled with the far simpler enumeration of primitive Euler sums. There is some evidence that this pushdown mechanism finds its origin in doubling relations. We hope that our data mine, obtained by exploiting the unique power of the computer algebra language {\\sc form}, will enable the study of many more such consequences of the double-shuffle algebra of MZVs, and their Euler cousins, which are already the subject of keen interest, to practitioners of quantum field theory, and to mathematicians alike.

  19. ARM Climate Research Facility Quarterly Value-Added Product Report January 1–March 30, 2011

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sivaraman, C

    2011-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this report is to provide a concise status update for value-added products (VAP) implemented by the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Climate Research Facility. The report is divided into the following sections: (1) new VAPs for which development has begun, (2) progress on existing VAPs, and (3) future VAPs that have been recently approved.

  20. Value of electrical heat boilers and heat pumps for wind power integration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Value of electrical heat boilers and heat pumps for wind power integration Peter Meibom Juha of using electrical heat boilers and heat pumps as wind power integration measures relieving the link\\ZRUGV wind power, integration, heat pumps, electric heat boilers ,QWURGXFWLRQ 3UREOHP RYHUYLHZ The Danish

  1. Measures for a Transdimensional Multiverse

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delia Schwartz-Perlov; Alexander Vilenkin

    2010-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

    The multiverse/landscape paradigm that has emerged from eternal inflation and string theory, describes a large-scale multiverse populated by "pocket universes" which come in a huge variety of different types, including different dimensionalities. In order to make predictions in the multiverse, we need a probability measure. In $(3+1)d$ landscapes, the scale factor cutoff measure has been previously shown to have a number of attractive properties. Here we consider possible generalizations of this measure to a transdimensional multiverse. We find that a straightforward extension of scale factor cutoff to the transdimensional case gives a measure that strongly disfavors large amounts of slow-roll inflation and predicts low values for the density parameter $\\Omega$, in conflict with observations. A suitable generalization, which retains all the good properties of the original measure, is the "volume factor" cutoff, which regularizes the infinite spacetime volume using cutoff surfaces of constant volume expansion factor.

  2. Measures for a transdimensional multiverse

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schwartz-Perlov, Delia; Vilenkin, Alexander, E-mail: dperlov@cosmos.phy.tufts.edu, E-mail: vilenkin@cosmos.phy.tufts.edu [Institute of Cosmology, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Tufts University, Medford, MA 02155 (United States)

    2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The multiverse/landscape paradigm that has emerged from eternal inflation and string theory, describes a large-scale multiverse populated by ''pocket universes'' which come in a huge variety of different types, including different dimensionalities. In order to make predictions in the multiverse, we need a probability measure. In (3+1)d landscapes, the scale factor cutoff measure has been previously shown to have a number of attractive properties. Here we consider possible generalizations of this measure to a transdimensional multiverse. We find that a straightforward extension of scale factor cutoff to the transdimensional case gives a measure that strongly disfavors large amounts of slow-roll inflation and predicts low values for the density parameter ?, in conflict with observations. A suitable generalization, which retains all the good properties of the original measure, is the ''volume factor'' cutoff, which regularizes the infinite spacetime volume using cutoff surfaces of constant volume expansion factor.

  3. Design and implementation of a Client-Server System for Acquiring Beam Intensity Data from High Energy Accelerators at CERN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Topaloudis, A; Bellas, N; Jensen, L

    The world’s largest research center in the domain of High Energy Physics (HEP) is the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) whose main goal is to accelerate particles through a sequence of accelerators – accelerator complex – and bring them into collision in order to study the fundamental elements of matter and the forces acting between them. For controlling the accelerator complex, CERN needs several diagnostic tools to provide information about the beam’s attributes and one such system is the Fast Beam Current Transformer (FBCT) measuring system that provides bunch-by-bunch and total beam intensity information. The current hardware and firmware of the FBCT system has certain issues and lacks diagnostics as a lot of the calculations are done in an FPGA. In order to improve on this, the firmware was redesigned and simplified in order to increase its capabilities and provide the base of a unified FBCT measuring system that could be installed in several of CERN’s accelerator complex’s pa...

  4. Microprocessor instruments for measuring nonlinear distortions; algorithms for digital processing of the measurement signal and an estimate of the errors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mints, M.Ya.; Chinkov, V.N.

    1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Rational algorithms for measuring the harmonic coefficient in microprocessor instruments for measuring nonlinear distortions based on digital processing of the codes of the instantaneous values of the signal being investigated are described and the errors of such instruments are obtained.

  5. It is well known that removing noise within an acquired signal, with spatial and temporal operations, and image reconstruction induces non-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rowe, Daniel B.

    , is reconstructed with VC= CFCC T, where C is the complex-valued inverse Fourier transform matrix, and FC

  6. ARM - Measurements

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of ScienceandMesa- PolarizationgovCampaignsSummergovField CampaignsMidlatitudegovMeasurementsSurface

  7. Correlation analysis of mean global radiation values with mean brightness values for one year

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kolczynski, Edward Franklin

    1971-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . Table 1 shows how three different instruments in the same area (Toronto, Canada) can give quite different values for the same periods. Toronto gives a much lower reading than Toronto-Scarborough or Toronto Meteorological Research Station. Since all... of instrument 15 and the positioning of the instrument can affect the results obtained. Table 1. Variation statistics for three distinct ground-based instru- ments located in the same area. All instruments are in Toronto, Canada, and are less than 20 mi...

  8. Reference Undulator Measurement Results

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wolf, Zachary; Levashov, Yurii; /SLAC; ,

    2011-08-18T23:59:59.000Z

    The LCLS reference undulator has been measured 22 times during the course of undulator tuning. These measurements provide estimates of various statistical errors. This note gives a summary of the reference undulator measurements and it provides estimates of the undulator tuning errors. We measured the reference undulator many times during the tuning of the LCLS undulators. These data sets give estimates of the random errors in the tuned undulators. The measured trajectories in the reference undulator are stable and straight to within {+-}2 {micro}m. Changes in the phase errors are less than {+-}2 deg between data sets. The phase advance in the cell varies by less than {+-}2 deg between data sets. The rms variation between data sets of the first integral of B{sub x} is 9.98 {micro}Tm, and the rms variation of the second integral of B{sub x} is 17.4 {micro}Tm{sup 2}. The rms variation of the first integral of B{sub y} is 6.65 {micro}Tm, and the rms variation of the second integral of B{sub y} is 12.3 {micro}Tm{sup 2}. The rms variation of the x-position of the fiducialized beam axis is 35 {micro}m in the final production run This corresponds to an rms uncertainty in the K value of {Delta}K/K = 2.7 x 10{sup -5}. The rms variation of the y-position of the fiducialized beam axis is 4 {micro}m in the final production run.

  9. The value of accurate automated data collection to manufacturing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Perez, Alfonso Alexander

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this thesis is to demonstrate the value of implementing a novel, accurate automated data collection system and to describe a practical method for doing so. This thesis addresses the value of accurate automated ...

  10. Value of a Smart Grid System | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Value of a Smart Grid System Value of a Smart Grid System A broad range of industries have embraced technology in their quest to improve productivity, reduce costs and improve...

  11. Using value stream mapping to improve forging processes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    King, Stephen G. (Stephen George), 1974-

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Value stream mapping is a technique that uses icons to map the flow of product through a manufacturing system. These icons are aided by summary statistics to further detail the specific manufacturing system. The value ...

  12. Austin Energy- Value of Solar Residential Rate (Texas)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Austin Energy, the municipal utility of Austin Texas, offers the Value of Solar rate for residential solar photovoltaic (PV) systems. The Value of Solar tariff, designed by Austin Energy and...

  13. Review of Value and Lean in Complex Product Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Siyam, Ghadir I.; Wynn, David C.; Clarkson, P. John

    2015-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    value Reviews contingency studies that attempt to explain what sort of organization creates what sort of value in the automotive industry, in terms of metrics related to (1) product strategy, (2) organization structure and process; and (3) product...

  14. DOE Announces Webinars on Wind Energy and Property Values, the...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Wind Energy and Property Values, the Best of the Clean Cities Tools and Resources, and More DOE Announces Webinars on Wind Energy and Property Values, the Best of the Clean Cities...

  15. NREL Quantifies Value of CSP to the Grid (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In California study, greater penetration of renewable energy means greater value of CSP with thermal energy storage.

  16. Identification of Owner’s Project Value Interests

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gunby, Molly Gaynell

    2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

    and to aid the engineering and/or construction (E&C) provider in identifying an 4 appropriate value interest response strategy. The efforts of the CII study provided the value interest, project characteristic, and survey data required to complete... execution and delivery. Berman (2006) developed the Speed2Value? Road Map, a comprehensive process designed to help organizations focus on and achieve the strategic value of a project. The process is broad enough to be used in any industry and provides...

  17. Assessor Training Measurement Uncertainty

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    NVLAP Assessor Training Measurement Uncertainty #12;Assessor Training 2009: Measurement Uncertainty Training 2009: Measurement Uncertainty 3 Measurement Uncertainty ·Calibration and testing labs performing Training 2009: Measurement Uncertainty 4 Measurement Uncertainty ·When the nature of the test precludes

  18. Training Needs in Louisiana's Value-Added Forest Products Industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Training Needs in Louisiana's Value-Added Forest Products Industry Richard VloskyRichard Vlosky-Added Training in Other States · The Need for Training in Louisiana-Past Research #12;Industry Development & Adding Value #12;Value-Added Industry Development is Multi-Faceted Marketing Workforce Training Strategic

  19. Value for Money Policy Originator name: Ed Nelson & James Newby

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doran, Simon J.

    every penny must be earned, it has a responsibility to achieve value for money from all its activities; To embed achieving value for money through procurement in normal management discipline and behaviourValue for Money Policy Originator name: Ed Nelson & James Newby Department: Business Support Policy

  20. Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle Value Proposition Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pennycook, Steve

    Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle Value Proposition Study IInntteerriimm RReeppoorrtt:: PPhhaassee 11 Government or any agency thereof. ORNL/TM-2008/076 #12;Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle Value Proposition 2009 i ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS The Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) Value Proposition Study

  1. Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle Value Proposition Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pennycook, Steve

    Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle Value Proposition Study Phase 1, Task 3:Phase 1, Task 3: Technic Government or any agency thereof. #12;ORNL/TM-2008/068 Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle Value Proposition The Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) Value Proposition Study is a collaborative effort between

  2. a microsoft white paper Drilling for new Business Value

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bernstein, Phil

    a microsoft white paper Drilling for new Business Value How innovative oil and gas companies Perez, Enterprise Architect, Microsoft #12;a microsoft white paper Drilling for new B usiness Value 2 for new B usiness Value 3 executive summary as the buzz about big data makes the leap from technology

  3. Tracking Endocardium Using Optical Flow along Iso-Value Curve

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 Tracking Endocardium Using Optical Flow along Iso-Value Curve Qi Duan1, Elsa D. Angelini2 indicators. · A framework of optical flow along iso-value curves is proposed and applied to several cardiac;9 OF along Iso-value Curves · In myocardial motion analysis, motion fields are projected along specific

  4. Origin of Tidal Dissipation in Jupiter: II. the Value of Q

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yanqin Wu

    2005-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

    The process of tidal dissipation inside Jupiter is not yet understood. Its tidal quality factor ($Q$) is inferred to lie between $10^5$ and $10^6$. We examine effects of inertial-modes on tidal dissipation in a neutrally bouyant, core-less, uniformly rotating planet. The rate of dissipation caused by resonantly excited inertial-modes depends on the following three parameters: how well they are coupled to the tidal potential, how strongly they are dissipated (by the turbulent viscosity), and how densely distributed they are in frequency. We find that as a function of tidal frequency, the $Q$ value exhibits large fluctuations, with its maximum value set by the group of inertial-modes that have a typical offset from an exact resonance of order their turbulent damping rates. In our model, inertial-modes shed their tidally acquired energy very close to the surface within a narrow latitudinal zone (the 'singularity belt'), and the tidal luminosity escapes freely out of the planet. Strength of coupling between the tidal potential and inertial-modes is sensitive to the presence of density discontinuities inside Jupiter. In the case of a discreet density jump (as may be caused by the transition between metallic and molecular hydrogen), we find a time-averaged $Q \\sim 10^7$. Even though it remains unclear whether tidal dissipation due to resonant inertial-modes is the correct answer to the problem, it is impressive that our simple treatment here already leads to three to five orders of magnitude stronger damping than that from the equilibrium tide. Moreover, our conclusions are not affected by the presence of a small solid core, a different prescription for the turbulent viscosity, or nonlinear mode coupling, but they depend critically on the static stability in the upper atmosphere of Jupiter.

  5. ARM Evaluation Product : Droplet Number Concentration Value-Added Product

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Riihimaki, Laura

    2014-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Cloud droplet number concentration is an important factor in understanding aerosol-cloud interactions. As aerosol concentration increases, it is expected that droplet number concentration, Nd, will increase and droplet size decrease, for a given liquid water path (Twomey 1977), which will greatly affect cloud albedo as smaller droplets reflect more shortwave radiation. However, the magnitude and variability of these processes under different environmental conditions is still uncertain. McComiskey et al. (2009) have implemented a method, based on Boers and Mitchell (1994), for calculating Nd from ground-based remote sensing measurements of optical depth and liquid water path. They show that the magnitude of the aerosol-cloud interactions (ACI) varies with a range of factors, including the relative value of the cloud liquid water path (LWP), the aerosol size distribution, and the cloud updraft velocity. Estimates of Nd under a range of cloud types and conditions and at a variety of sites are needed to further quantify the impacts of aerosol cloud interactions.

  6. ARM Evaluation Product : Droplet Number Concentration Value-Added Product

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Riihimaki, Laura

    Cloud droplet number concentration is an important factor in understanding aerosol-cloud interactions. As aerosol concentration increases, it is expected that droplet number concentration, Nd, will increase and droplet size decrease, for a given liquid water path (Twomey 1977), which will greatly affect cloud albedo as smaller droplets reflect more shortwave radiation. However, the magnitude and variability of these processes under different environmental conditions is still uncertain. McComiskey et al. (2009) have implemented a method, based on Boers and Mitchell (1994), for calculating Nd from ground-based remote sensing measurements of optical depth and liquid water path. They show that the magnitude of the aerosol-cloud interactions (ACI) varies with a range of factors, including the relative value of the cloud liquid water path (LWP), the aerosol size distribution, and the cloud updraft velocity. Estimates of Nd under a range of cloud types and conditions and at a variety of sites are needed to further quantify the impacts of aerosol cloud interactions.

  7. Monolithically compatible impedance measurement

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ericson, Milton Nance (Knoxville, TN); Holcomb, David Eugene (Oak Ridge, TN)

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A monolithic sensor includes a reference channel and at least one sensing channel. Each sensing channel has an oscillator and a counter driven by the oscillator. The reference channel and the at least one sensing channel being formed integrally with a substrate and intimately nested with one another on the substrate. Thus, the oscillator and the counter have matched component values and temperature coefficients. A frequency determining component of the sensing oscillator is formed integrally with the substrate and has an impedance parameter which varies with an environmental parameter to be measured by the sensor. A gating control is responsive to an output signal generated by the reference channel, for terminating counting in the at least one sensing channel at an output count, whereby the output count is indicative of the environmental parameter, and successive ones of the output counts are indicative of changes in the environmental parameter.

  8. A Literature Review on Value Stream Mapping with a Case Study of Applying Value Stream Mapping on Research Process

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Xiaoqi

    2014-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

    this research study and the value stream mapping of my thesis writing process. The value stream mapping process helps visualize the work and target waste, which enables future improvement toward a better state. As a result, the improved value stream maps can...

  9. Direct amplitude detuning measurement with ac dipole

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    White, S.; Maclean, E.; Tomás, R.

    2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In circular machines, nonlinear dynamics can impact parameters such as beam lifetime and could result in limitations on the performance reach of the accelerator. Assessing and understanding these effects in experiments is essential to confirm the accuracy of the magnetic model and improve the machine performance. A direct measurement of the machine nonlinearities can be obtained by characterizing the dependency of the tune as a function of the amplitude of oscillations (usually defined as amplitude detuning). The conventional technique is to excite the beam to large amplitudes with a single kick and derive the tune from turn-by-turn data acquired with beam position monitors. Although this provides a very precise tune measurement it has the significant disadvantage of being destructive. An alternative, nondestructive way of exciting large amplitude oscillations is to use an ac dipole. The perturbation Hamiltonian in the presence of an ac dipole excitation shows a distinct behavior compared to the free oscillations which should be correctly taken into account in the interpretation of experimental data. The use of an ac dipole for direct amplitude detuning measurement requires careful data processing allowing one to observe the natural tune of the machine; the feasibility of such a measurement is demonstrated using experimental data from the Large Hadron Collider. An experimental proof of the theoretical derivations based on measurements performed at injection energy is provided as well as an application of this technique at top energy using a large number of excitations on the same beam.

  10. Ionization rate coefficients and induction times in nitrogen at high values of E/N

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hays, G.N.; Pitchford, L.C.; Gerardo, J.B.; Verdeyen, J.T.; Li, Y.M.

    1987-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Electron-impact ionization rate coefficients in nitrogen at values of E/N, the ratio of the electric field to the neutral density, up to 12 000 Td (1 Td = 10/sup -17/ V cmS), are reported. In addition, we report experimental measurements of the ionization induction time, the time during the early portion of an applied electric field when the electron energy distribution function is transient and the plasma is characterized by nonexponential growth of the electron density. For nitrogen, we show that the induction period is approximately equal to the inverse of the ionization frequency for a large E/N range. Time-dependent Boltzmann calculations of the electron energy distribution function yield instantaneous ionization rates that are in good agreement with both the measured ionization rates and the induction period. The measurements were made in an electrodeless cell contained in an S-band waveguide immersed in a dc magnetic field and subjected to a pulsed rf electric field at cyclotron resonance. We show that our measurements are equivalent to experiments in dc electric fields; the equivalent dc electric field strength being uniquely related to the rf electric field strength. The use of an rf field for these high-E/N measurements circumvents complications that would be introduced by electrode effects. This is the first direct measurement of ionization rates at these extreme values of E/N.

  11. Patient-Specific Simulation of Coronary Artery Pressure Measurements: An In Vivo Three-Dimensional Validation Study in Humans

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Siogkas, Panagiotis K.

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Pressure measurements using finite element computations without the need of a wire could be valuable in clinical practice. Our aim was to compare the computed distal coronary pressure values with the measured values using ...

  12. Environmental value assessment in a multidisciplinary EIA setting

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Erikstad, Lars [Norwegian Institute for Nature Research (NINA), Gaustadalleen 21, NO-0349 Oslo (Norway)], E-mail: lars.erikstad@nina.no; Lindblom, Inge [Norwegian Institute for Cultural Heritage Research (NIKU), Box 736, Sentrum NO-0105 Oslo (Norway)], E-mail: inge.lindblom@niku.no; Jerpasen, Gro [Norwegian Institute for Cultural Heritage Research (NIKU), Box 736, Sentrum NO-0105 Oslo (Norway)], E-mail: gro.jerpasen@niku.no; Hanssen, Martin A. [Norwegian Institute for Urban and Regional Research (NIBR), Box 44 Blindern, NO-0313 Oslo (Norway)], E-mail: martin.hanssen@nibr.no; Bekkby, Trine [Norwegian Institute for Water Research (NIVA), Gaustadalleen 21, NO-0349 Oslo (Norway)], E-mail: trine.bekkby@niva.no; Stabbetorp, Odd [Norwegian Institute for Nature Research (NINA), Gaustadalleen 21, NO-0349 Oslo (Norway)], E-mail: odd.stabbetorp@nina.no; Bakkestuen, Vegar [Norwegian Institute for Nature Research (NINA), Gaustadalleen 21, NO-0349 Oslo (Norway); Department of Botany, Natural History Museum, University of Oslo P.O. Box 1172 Blindern, NO-0318 Oslo (Norway)], E-mail: vegar.bakkestuen@nina.no

    2008-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Value assessment is a central element in an EIA for the understanding of the impacts of specified projects. The value assessment contains subjective elements and this may cause errors and difficulties in numeric value assessment methods. There is a need for transparent common criteria to promote discussion and understanding. A common criteria base already exists, but lack of communication between different management systems and different disciplines, all with different traditions in value assessment, makes the situation complex. In this article we have looked into the basic understanding of value linked to the investigation themes of natural environment, cultural heritage and society. The investigation themes linked to social science is difficult to incorporate into a common system, basically because they have less focus on land use and contain different value types. Much of the relevant literature about value assessment is linked to the assessment of sites of special interest as candidates for legal protection or conservation. In an EIA a much broader range of areas is introduced, including the 'every day landscape' with a lower and more general level of value. Together with a focus on mitigation and adjustments of plans, this results in a need for a more detailed value assessment scale than is normally in use today. We have suggested a new scale to ease communication between different disciplines and management systems. How we understand value is not constant over time, nor is the level of knowledge. This makes it necessary to sustain an ongoing debate on value assessment. The need for a dynamic value assessment system increases with the increasing use of database modelling, digital analysis of map data (GIS) etc. Lack of a ongoing value debate will rapidly lead to misleading and biased results.

  13. Measuring Safeguards Culture

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Frazar, Sarah L.; Mladineo, Stephen V.

    2011-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

    As the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) implements a State Level Approach to its safeguards verification responsibilities, a number of countries are beginning new nuclear power programs and building new nuclear fuel cycle faculties. The State Level approach is holistic and investigatory in nature, creating a need for transparent, non-discriminatory judgments about a state's nonproliferation posture. In support of this need, the authors previously explored the value of defining and measuring a state's safeguards culture. We argued that a clear definition of safeguards culture and an accompanying set of metrics could be applied to provide an objective evaluation and demonstration of a country's nonproliferation posture. As part of this research, we outlined four high-level metrics that could be used to evaluate a state's nuclear posture. We identified general data points. This paper elaborates on those metrics, further refining the data points to generate a measurable scale of safeguards cultures. We believe that this work could advance the IAEA's goals of implementing a safeguards system that is fully information driven, while strengthening confidence in its safeguards conclusions.

  14. An analysis of the uncertainty and bias in DCE-MRI measurements using the spoiled gradient-recalled echo pulse sequence

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Subashi, Ergys [Center for In Vivo Microscopy, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27710 and Medical Physics Graduate Program, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27710 (United States)] [Center for In Vivo Microscopy, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27710 and Medical Physics Graduate Program, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27710 (United States); Choudhury, Kingshuk R. [Department of Biomedical Engineering, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27710 (United States)] [Department of Biomedical Engineering, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27710 (United States); Johnson, G. Allan, E-mail: gjohnson@duke.edu [Center for In Vivo Microscopy, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27710 (United States); Medical Physics Graduate Program, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27710 (United States); Department of Biomedical Engineering, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27710 (United States); Department of Radiology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27710 (United States)

    2014-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: The pharmacokinetic parameters derived from dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE) MRI have been used in more than 100 phase I trials and investigator led studies. A comparison of the absolute values of these quantities requires an estimation of their respective probability distribution function (PDF). The statistical variation of the DCE-MRI measurement is analyzed by considering the fundamental sources of error in the MR signal intensity acquired with the spoiled gradient-echo (SPGR) pulse sequence. Methods: The variance in the SPGR signal intensity arises from quadrature detection and excitation flip angle inconsistency. The noise power was measured in 11 phantoms of contrast agent concentration in the range [0–1] mM (in steps of 0.1 mM) and in onein vivo acquisition of a tumor-bearing mouse. The distribution of the flip angle was determined in a uniform 10 mM CuSO{sub 4} phantom using the spin echo double angle method. The PDF of a wide range of T1 values measured with the varying flip angle (VFA) technique was estimated through numerical simulations of the SPGR equation. The resultant uncertainty in contrast agent concentration was incorporated in the most common model of tracer exchange kinetics and the PDF of the derived pharmacokinetic parameters was studied numerically. Results: The VFA method is an unbiased technique for measuringT1 only in the absence of bias in excitation flip angle. The time-dependent concentration of the contrast agent measured in vivo is within the theoretically predicted uncertainty. The uncertainty in measuring K{sup trans} with SPGR pulse sequences is of the same order, but always higher than, the uncertainty in measuring the pre-injection longitudinal relaxation time (T1{sub 0}). The lowest achievable bias/uncertainty in estimating this parameter is approximately 20%–70% higher than the bias/uncertainty in the measurement of the pre-injection T1 map. The fractional volume parameters derived from the extended Tofts model were found to be extremely sensitive to the variance in signal intensity. The SNR of the pre-injection T1 map indicates the limiting precision with which K{sup trans} can be calculated. Conclusions: Current small-animal imaging systems and pulse sequences robust to motion artifacts have the capacity for reproducible quantitative acquisitions with DCE-MRI. In these circumstances, it is feasible to achieve a level of precision limited only by physiologic variability.

  15. Wind Fields over the Great Lakes Measured by the SeaWinds Scatterometer on the QuikSCAT Satellite

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wind Fields over the Great Lakes Measured by the SeaWinds Scatterometer on the QuikSCAT Satellite for wind retrieval over the Great Lakes on a daily basis. We use data acquired by the SeaWinds Scatterometer on the QuikSCAT (QSCAT) satellite launched in June 1999 to derive wind speeds and directions over

  16. A Method to Measure Droop from Flight Data Frank Masci, 10/16/00 (fmasci@ipac.caltech.edu)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Masci, Frank

    A Method to Measure Droop from Flight Data Frank Masci, 10/16/00 (fmasci@ipac.caltech.edu) Below is a simple method to estimate the \\amount of droop" in the Si:As 24 m array on a pixel-by-pixel basis from acquired science data. First, to remind people what \\droop" is: Droop is an un-usual observation where

  17. Accuracy assessment of the measurement of the Si 28 lattice parameter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massa, Enrico; Mana, Giovanni; Palmisano, Carlo

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In 2011, a discrepancy between the values of the Planck constant measured by counting Si atoms and by comparing mechanical and electrical powers prompted a review, among others, of the measurement of the spacing of Si 28 {220} lattice planes, either to confirm the measured value and its uncertainty or to identify errors. This exercise confirmed the result of the previous measurement and yields the additional value $d_{220}=192014711.98(34)$ am having a reduced uncertainty.

  18. Integrative analysis of transcriptomic and proteomic data of Shewanella oneidensis: missing value imputation using temporal datasets

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Torres-García, Wandaliz [Arizona State University; Brown, Steven D [ORNL; Johnson, Roger [Arizona State University; Zhang, Weiwen [Arizona State University; Runger, George [Arizona State University; Meldrum, Deirdre [Arizona State University

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Despite significant improvements in recent years, proteomic datasets currently available still suffer large number of missing values. Integrative analyses based upon incomplete proteomic and transcriptomic da-tasets could seriously bias the biological interpretation. In this study, we applied a non-linear data-driven stochastic gradient boosted trees (GBT) model to impute missing proteomic values for proteins experi-mentally undetected, using a temporal transcriptomic and proteomic dataset of Shewanella oneidensis. In this dataset, genes expression was measured after the cells were exposed to 1 mM potassium chromate for 5-, 30-, 60-, and 90-min, while protein abundance was measured only for 45- and 90-min samples. With the goal of elucidating the relationship between temporal gene expression and protein abundance data, and then using it to impute missing proteomic values for samples of 45-min (which does not have cognate transcriptomic data) and 90-min, we initially used nonlinear Smoothing Splines Curve Fitting (SSCF) to identify temporal relationships among transcriptomic data at different time points and then imputed missing gene expression measurements for the sample at 45-min. After the imputation was validated by biological constrains (i.e. operons), we used a data-driven Gradient Boosted Trees (GBT) model to uncover possible non-linear relationships between temporal transcriptomic and proteomic data, and to impute protein abundance for the proteins experimentally undetected in the 45- and 90-min sam-ples, based on relevant predictors such as temporal mRNA gene expression data, cellular roles, molecular weight, sequence length, protein length, guanine-cytosine (GC) content and triple codon counts. The imputed protein values were validated using biological constraints such as operon, regulon and pathway information. Finally, we demonstrated that such missing value imputation improved characterization of the temporal response of S. oneidensis to chromate.

  19. The Value of Distributed Solar Electric Generation to San Antonio

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jones, Nic [Solar San Antonio, TX (United States); Norris, Ben [Clean Power Research, Napa, CA (United States); Meyer, Lisa [City of San Antonio, TX (United States)

    2013-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    This report presents an analysis of value provided by grid-connected, distributed PV in San Antonio from a utility perspective. The study quantified six value components, summarized in Table ES- 1. These components represent the benefits that accrue to the utility, CPS Energy, in accepting solar onto the grid. This analysis does not treat the compensation of value, policy objectives, or cost-effectiveness from the retail consumer perspective.

  20. First direct determination of the superallowed $\\beta$-decay $Q_{EC}$-value for $^{14}$O

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Valverde, A A; Brodeur, M; Bryce, R A; Cooper, K; Eibach, M; Gulyuz, K; Izzo, C; Morrissey, D J; Redshaw, M; Ringle, R; Sandler, R; Schwarz, S; Sumithrarachchi, C S; Villari, A C C

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We report the first direct measurement of the $^{14}\\text{O}$ superallowed Fermi $\\beta$-decay $Q_{EC}$-value, the last of the so-called "traditional nine" superallowed Fermi $\\beta$-decays to be measured with Penning trap mass spectrometry. $^{14}$O, along with the other low-$Z$ superallowed $\\beta$-emitter, $^{10}$C, is crucial for setting limits on the existence of possible scalar currents. The new ground state $Q_{EC}$ value, 5144.364(25) keV, when combined with the energy of the $0^+$ daughter state, $E_x(0^+)=2312.798(11)$~keV [Nucl. Phys. A {\\bf{523}}, 1 (1991)], provides a new determination of the superallowed $\\beta$-decay $Q_{EC}$ value, $Q_{EC}(\\text{sa}) = 2831.566(28)$ keV, with an order of magnitude improvement in precision, and a similar improvement to the calculated statistical rate function $f$. This is used to calculate an improved $\\mathcal{F}t$-value of 3073.8(2.8) s.

  1. Estimating the Value of Electricity Storage Resources in Electricity...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    for understanding the role electricity storage resources (storage) can play in wholesale and retail electricity markets, 2) assessing the value of electricity storage in a...

  2. Valuing the Environmental Benefits of Urban Water Conservation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coughlin, Katie M.; Bolduc, Chris A.; Chan, Peter T.; Dunham-Whitehead, C.; Van Buskirk, R.D.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    default ecological impact and environmental value estimates.Bass stream/river environmental impact factors by HR. . .Water Savings . 4.3 Environmental Impacts 4.4 Environmental

  3. an inverse boundary value problem for the stationary transport ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    outer normal to ?X at x ? ?X. Let us denote by f the solution (if exists) to the following boundary value problem for the stationary linear transport (Boltzmann)

  4. Microsoft Word - Segment and Value Propositions Draft Task 6...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    MUIR DATA SYSTEMS, INC. Wind Industry Segments & CMMS Value Propositions Muir Data Systems Wind Energy Technology Sandia National Laboratories James Parle, Jonathan Gibson, Chad...

  5. LOW-HIGH VALUES FOR PETROLEUM AVERAGE INVENTORY RANGES (MILLION...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    ENERGY INFORMATION ADMINISTRATION LOW-HIGH VALUES FOR PETROLEUM AVERAGE INVENTORY RANGES (MILLION BARRELS) FILE UPDATED April 2004 Line Month Low High Number Product Name Geography...

  6. Existence of solutions to boundary value problems for smectic liquid ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2009-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Existence of solutions to boundary value problems for smectic liquid crys- tals. Abstract. We investigate variational problems for an energy developed by the.

  7. An Initial Value of Information (VOI) Framework for Geophysical...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    of Geothermal Energy Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Conference Paper: An Initial Value of Information (VOI) Framework for Geophysical...

  8. Insuring climate change? Science, fear, and value in reinsurance markets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Leigh Taylor

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    staggering losses from hurricane Andrew in 1992, it became1992 values) caused by Hurricane Andrew, nine insurers wentin the aftermath of Hurricane Andrew. The market softened

  9. Optimality conditions of set-valued optimization p...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

    Optimality conditions of set-valued optimization problem involving relative algebraic interior in ordered linear spaces. Zhi-Ang Zhoua, Xin-Min Yangb and ...

  10. The Purpose and Value of Successful Technology Demonstrations...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Purpose and Value of Successful Technology Demonstrations - The Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 Demonstrations by Steve Bossart, NETL Senior Management and Technical...

  11. Neutron interferometric measurement of the scattering length difference between the triplet and singlet states of n-$^3$He

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. G. Huber; M. Arif; W. C. Chen; T. R. Gentile; D. S. Hussey; T. C. Black; D. A. Pushin; C. B. Shahi; F. E. Wietfeldt; L. Yang

    2014-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    We report a determination of the n-$^3$He scattering length difference $\\Delta b^{\\prime} = b_{1}^{\\prime}-b_{0}^{\\prime} = $ ($-5.411$ $\\pm$ $0.031$ (statistical) $\\pm$ $0.039$ (systematic)) fm between the triplet and singlet states using a neutron interferometer. This revises our previous result $\\Delta b^{\\prime} = $ (-5.610 $\\pm$ $0.027$ (statistical) $\\pm$ $0.032$ (systematic) fm obtained using the same technique in 2008. This revision is due to a re-analysis of the 2008 experiment that includes a more robust treatment of the phase shift caused by magnetic field gradients near the $^3$He cell. Furthermore, we more than doubled our original data set from 2008 by acquiring six months of additional data in 2013. Both the new data set and a re-analysis of the older data are in good agreement. Scattering lengths of low Z isotopes are valued for use in few-body nuclear effective field theories, provide important tests of modern nuclear potential models and in the case of $^3$He aid in the interpretation of neutron scattering from quantum liquids. The difference $\\Delta b^{\\prime}$ was determined by measuring the relative phase shift between two incident neutron polarizations caused by the spin-dependent interaction with a polarized $^3$He target. The target $^3$He gas was sealed inside a small, flat windowed glass cell that was placed in one beam path of the interferometer. The relaxation of $^3$He polarization was monitored continuously with neutron transmission measurements. The neutron polarization and spin flipper efficiency were determined separately using $^3$He analyzers and two different polarimetry analysis methods. A summary of the measured scattering lengths for n-$^3$He with a comparison to nucleon interaction models is given.

  12. Joint measurability, steering and entropic uncertainty

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    H. S. Karthik; A. R. Usha Devi; A. K. Rajagopal

    2014-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

    The notion of incompatibility of measurements in quantum theory is in stark contrast with the corresponding classical perspective, where all physical observables are jointly measurable. It is of interest to examine if the results of two or more measurements in the quantum scenario can be perceived from a classical point of view or they still exhibit non-classical features. Clearly, commuting observables can be measured jointly using projective measurements and their statistical outcomes can be discerned classically. However, such simple minded association of compatibility of measurements with commutativity turns out to be limited in an extended framework, where the usual notion of sharp projective valued measurements of self adjoint observables gets broadened to include unsharp measurements of generalized observables constituting positive operator valued measures (POVM). There is a surge of research activity recently towards gaining new physical insights on the emergence of classical behavior via joint measurability of unsharp observables. Here, we explore the entropic uncertainty relation for a pair of discrete observables (of Alice's system) when an entangled quantum memory of Bob is restricted to record outcomes of jointly measurable POVMs only. Within the joint measurability regime, the sum of entropies associated with Alice's measurement outcomes - conditioned by the results registered at Bob's end - are constrained to obey an entropic steering inequality. In this case, Bob's non-steerability reflects itself as his inability in predicting the outcomes of Alice's pair of non-commuting observables with better precision, even when they share an entangled state. As a further consequence, the quantum advantage envisaged for the construction of security proofs in key distribution is lost, when Bob's measurements are restricted to the joint measurability regime.

  13. Cluster Value Problems in Infinite-Dimensional Spaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ortega Castillo, Sofia

    2014-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

    In this dissertation we study cluster value problems for Banach algebras H(B) of analytic functions on the open unit ball B of a Banach space X that contain X* and 1. Solving cluster value problems requires understanding the cluster set of a...

  14. Value Withdrawal Explanation in CSP G erard Ferrand Willy Lesaint

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lesaint, Willy

    of a value from a domain". This notion of explanation is essential for the debugging of CSP programs. IndeedValue Withdrawal Explanation in CSP #3; G#19;erard Ferrand Willy Lesaint Alexandre Tessier LIFO, BP Constraint Satisfaction Problems (CSP) [17], that is to provide an instantiation of the variables which

  15. Value Withdrawal Explanation in CSP Gerard Ferrand Willy Lesaint

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lesaint, Willy

    of a value from a domain". This notion of explanation is essential for the debugging of CSP programs. IndeedValue Withdrawal Explanation in CSP G´erard Ferrand Willy Lesaint Alexandre Tessier LIFO, BP 6759 Satisfaction Problems (CSP) [17], that is to provide an instantiation of the variables which is correct

  16. The Complexity of the Boolean Formula Value Problem Henning Schnoor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vollmer, Heribert

    The Complexity of the Boolean Formula Value Problem Henning Schnoor September 9, 2005 Abstract We examine the complexity of the formula value problem for Boolean formulas, which is the following decision problem: Given a Boolean formula without variables, does it evalu- ate to true? We show

  17. DETERMINATION OF GUIDANCE VALUES FOR CLOSED LANDFILL GAS EMISSIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    DETERMINATION OF GUIDANCE VALUES FOR CLOSED LANDFILL GAS EMISSIONS O. BOUR*, S. BERGER**, C Gambetta, 74 000 Annecy SUMMARY: In order to promote active landfill gas collection and treatment or natural attenuation, it is necessary to identify trigger values concerning landfill gas emissions

  18. Conservation and Economics How do we put a $ value on

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gottgens, Hans

    of Biodiversity · ­ Use of resources (e.g. timber, fish, appreciation of landscape) · ­ Ecosystem services, option" there is a market for valuation of existence or bequest value · Contingent valuation method ­ Using surveys to assess WTP · Willingness to pay (WTP) #12;#12;Value of Ecosystem Services 0.7Atmospheric gas balance 0

  19. .ROBUST SPEECH RECOGNITION USING SINGULAR VALUE DECOMPOSITION BASED SPEECH ENHANCEMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .ROBUST SPEECH RECOGNITION USING SINGULAR VALUE DECOMPOSITION BASED SPEECH ENHANCEMENT B. T. Lilly the performance of a speechrecognition system in the presence of noise, is to enhance the speech prior to its is the enhanced speech signal. In the experiments presented in this paper, we use singu- lar value decomposition

  20. Mentor Program Kick-Off The Value of Mentoring

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weinberger, Hans

    Mentor Program Kick-Off The Value of Mentoring #12;Science & Engineering The Value of Mentoring Science vs. Engineering #12;What is a mentor? · A person looked upon for wise advice and guidance of Mentoring #12;Student Profile: Educating the Best The typical student entering CSE: · Ranks in the top 10

  1. Valuing Stocksg Copyright 2011 Pearson Prentice Hall. All rights reserved.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schubart, Christoph

    flows are risky, we must discount them at the equity cost of capital. Copyright © 2011 Pearson Prentice of the stock price to estimates of those two factors. Copyright © 2011 Pearson Prentice Hall. All rights to estimate stock value10. Use comparable firm multiples to estimate stock value. Copyright © 2011 Pearson

  2. Estimating public values for marine protected areas in the northeast

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and recreational fishing, oil and natural gas production, sand and gravel mining, and clean renewable energy from. Bequest value and existence value are a class of economic benefits not revealed by markets. Instead simply get personal satisfaction from knowing that a part of the environment exists in a natural state

  3. Integer-valued Levy processes and low latency financial econometrics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolfe, Patrick J.

    Integer-valued L´evy processes and low latency financial econometrics Ole E. Barndorff Abstract Motivated by features of low latency data in financial econometrics we study in detail integer- valued L´evy processes as the basis of price processes for high frequency econometrics. We propose using

  4. Test-Cost Sensitive Classification on Data with Missing Values

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Qiang

    Test-Cost Sensitive Classification on Data with Missing Values Qiang Yang, Senior Member, IEEE values on several data sets. Index Terms--Cost-sensitive learning, decision trees, naive Bayes. æ 1, Charles Ling, Xiaoyong Chai, and Rong Pan Abstract--In the area of cost-sensitive learning, inductive

  5. Methods for Saving and Restoring Register Values across Function Calls

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Whalley, David

    Methods for Saving and Restoring Register Values across Function Calls JACK W. DAVIDSON AND DAVID B The method used to save and restore the values of registers across function calls can affect performance that empirically evaluated six different schemes for saving and restoring registers on CISC machines. The methods

  6. Set-valued Lyapunov functions for difference inclusions Rafal Goebel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goebel, Rafal

    Set-valued Lyapunov functions for difference inclusions Rafal Goebel Department of Mathematics.edu Abstract The paper relates set-valued Lyapunov functions to pointwise asymptotic stability in systems that each point of the set be Lyapunov stable and that every solution to the inclusion, from a neighborhood

  7. SOFTWARE RELATEDSOFTWARE-RELATED MEASUREMENT:MEASUREMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    SOFTWARE RELATEDSOFTWARE-RELATED MEASUREMENT:MEASUREMENT: RISKS AND OPPORTUNITIES CEM KANER, J and lazy? Most managers who I know have tried at least oney g measurement program--and abandoned them: · Measurement theory and how it applies to software development metrics (which, at their core, are typically

  8. DOE: Quantifying the Value of Hydropower in the Electric Grid

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2012-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The report summarizes research to Quantify the Value of Hydropower in the Electric Grid. This 3-year DOE study focused on defining value of hydropower assets in a changing electric grid. Methods are described for valuation and planning of pumped storage and conventional hydropower. The project team conducted plant case studies, electric system modeling, market analysis, cost data gathering, and evaluations of operating strategies and constraints. Five other reports detailing these research results are available a project website, www.epri.com/hydrogrid. With increasing deployment of wind and solar renewable generation, many owners, operators, and developers of hydropower have recognized the opportunity to provide more flexibility and ancillary services to the electric grid. To quantify value of services, this study focused on the Western Electric Coordinating Council region. A security-constrained, unit commitment and economic dispatch model was used to quantify the role of hydropower for several future energy scenarios up to 2020. This hourly production simulation considered transmission requirements to deliver energy, including future expansion plans. Both energy and ancillary service values were considered. Addressing specifically the quantification of pumped storage value, no single value stream dominated predicted plant contributions in various energy futures. Modeling confirmed that service value depends greatly on location and on competition with other available grid support resources. In this summary, ten different value streams related to hydropower are described. These fell into three categories; operational improvements, new technologies, and electricity market opportunities. Of these ten, the study was able to quantify a monetary value in six by applying both present day and future scenarios for operating the electric grid. This study confirmed that hydropower resources across the United States contribute significantly to operation of the grid in terms of energy, capacity, and ancillary services. Many potential improvements to existing hydropower plants were found to be cost-effective. Pumped storage is the most likely form of large new hydro asset expansions in the U.S. however, justifying investments in new pumped storage plants remains very challenging with current electricity market economics. Even over a wide range of possible energy futures, up to 2020, no energy future was found to bring quantifiable revenues sufficient to cover estimated costs of plant construction. Value streams not quantified in this study may provide a different cost-benefit balance and an economic tipping point for hydro. Future studies are essential in the quest to quantify the full potential value. Additional research should consider the value of services provided by advanced storage hydropower and pumped storage at smaller time steps for integration of variable renewable resources, and should include all possible value streams such as capacity value and portfolio benefits i.e.; reducing cycling on traditional generation.

  9. Value of Concentrating Solar Power and Thermal Energy Storage

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sioshansi, R.; Denholm, P.

    2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper examines the value of concentrating solar power (CSP) and thermal energy storage (TES) in four regions in the southwestern United States. Our analysis shows that TES can increase the value of CSP by allowing more thermal energy from a CSP plant?s solar field to be used, by allowing a CSP plant to accommodate a larger solar field, and by allowing CSP generation to be shifted to hours with higher energy prices. We analyze the sensitivity of CSP value to a number of factors, including the optimization period, price and solar forecasting, ancillary service sales, capacity value and dry cooling of the CSP plant. We also discuss the value of CSP plants and TES net of capital costs.

  10. Acquiring and Positioning Human Resources

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2002-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

    To establish requirements and responsibilities when sending employees on details outside the Department, determining probationary periods for managers and supervisors, providing part-time career employment, conducting reductions in force, promoting and placing candidates in the competitive service, and conducting some other personnel actions. Cancels DOE O 3300.3 and DOE O 3335.1C.

  11. Acquiring and Positioning Human Resources

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2002-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

    To establish requirements and responsibilities when sending employees on details outside the Department, determining probationary periods for managers and supervisors, providing part-time career employment, conducting reductions in force, promoting and placing candidates in the competitive service, and conducting some other personnel actions. Admin Chg 1, dated 11-21-2003, cancels DOE O 320.1.

  12. Inclusive jet cross section measurement at D0

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Voutilainen

    2006-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a new preliminary measurement of the inclusive jet cross section in pp-bar collisions based on a integrated luminosity of about 0.8 fb-1. The data were acquired using the D0 detector between 2002 and 2005. Jets are reconstructed using an iterative cone algorithm with radius R_cone = 0.7. The inclusive jet cross section is presented as a function of transverse jet momentum and rapidity. Predictions from perturbative QCD in next-to-leading order, plus threshold corrections in 2-loop accuracy describe the shape in the transverse jet momentum.

  13. Building Content Owned Bldg # Account No. Building/Property Name Location City Value Value by State Year Built Sq Ft

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arnold, Jonathan

    Building Content Owned Bldg # Account No. Building/Property Name Location City Value Value by State 48 3027 25-26-GC284-000 AGY GIN BUILDING SNOWS MILL RD WATKINSVILLE 12500 0 Y 1960 8300 3028 25-26-GC

  14. Intensive Silviculture of Planted Douglas-fir Forests -Feb 15, 2011 Net Value Recovery

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    capture technologyNew value capture technology Stand Value $$$ Log Product Yields Above Ground Carbon

  15. A study of the field of values of a matrix

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chynoweth, Linda

    1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    VITA 41 LIST OF FIGURES FIGURE 1. Region of Inclusion vs. Field of Values. Z. Region of Inclusion vs. Field of Values. 3. Region of Inclusion vs. Field of Values, Page 18 19 20 CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION 1 . Definitions and notation...(C) is convex. Proof. The proof of the theorem is arrived at through the following lemmas. Lemma 2. 3. If z is a vector with ~z ~ = 1 , then 0 0 (&l&(z )) is connected. 0 Proof. Assume P (P(z )) is disconnected. Then there are non- 0 empty, disjoint...

  16. RANGE AND DISTRIBUTION OF TECHNETIUM KD VALUES IN THE SRS SUBSURFACE ENVIRONMENT

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kaplan, D

    2008-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Performance assessments (PAs) are risk calculations used to estimate the amount of low-level radioactive waste that can be disposed at DOE sites. Distribution coefficients (K{sub d} values) are input parameters used in PA calculations to provide a measure of radionuclide sorption to sediment; the greater the K{sub d} value, the greater the sorption and the slower the estimated movement of the radionuclide through sediment. Understanding and quantifying K{sub d} value variability is important for estimating the uncertainty of PA calculations. Without this information, it is necessary to make overly conservative estimates about the possible limits of K{sub d} values, which in turn may increase disposal costs. Finally, technetium is commonly found to be amongst the radionuclides posing potential risk at waste disposal locations because it is believed to be highly mobile in its anionic form (pertechnetate, TcO{sub 4}{sup -}), it exists in relatively high concentrations in SRS waste, and it has a long half-life (213,000 years). The objectives of this laboratory study were to determine under SRS environmental conditions: (1) whether and to what extent TcO{sub 4}{sup -} sorbs to sediments, (2) the range of Tc K{sub d} values, (3) the distribution (normal or log-normal) of Tc K{sub d} values, and (4) how strongly Tc sorbs to SRS sediments through desorption experiments. Objective 3, to identify the Tc K{sub d} distribution is important because it provides a statistical description that influences stochastic modeling of estimated risk. The approach taken was to collect 26 sediments from a non-radioactive containing sediment core collected from E-Area, measure Tc K{sub d} values and then perform statistical analysis to describe the measured Tc K{sub d} values. The mean K{sub d} value was 3.4 {+-} 0.5 mL/g and ranged from -2.9 to 11.2 mL/g. The data did not have a Normal distribution (as defined by the Shapiro-Wilk's Statistic) and had a 95-percentile range of 2.4 to 4.4 mL/g. The E-Area subsurface is subdivided into three hydrostratigraphic layers: Upper Vadose Zone (11 to 30 ft depth), Lower Vadose Zone (30 to 51 ft depth), and aquifer (51 to 95 ft depth). The Upper Vadose Zone generally contains more clay than the Lower Vadose Zone, and the Aquifer tends to be made up of mostly sand layers with clay strata. The mean K{sub d} values of each of these zones did not differ significantly and the K{sub d} values from each zone were not from the Normal distribution. The ranges of values were greatest in the Upper Vadose Zone and least in the Lower Vadose Zone. Previous Best Estimate Tc K{sub d} values for Sandy Sediment and Clayey Sediment were 0.1 and 0.2 mL/g, respectively (Kaplan 2007a). A more thorough review indicates that the Best Estimates for Sandy Sediment is 0.1 mL/g and for Clayey Sediment is 0.8 mL/g (Kaplan 2007b). This current dataset greatly increases the number of Tc K{sub d} values measured with SRS sediments, but perhaps more importantly, provides a better estimate for E-Area sediments, and provides a measure of Tc K{sub d} distributions. Based on this dataset, the best overall Tc K{sub d} value for E-Area is the mean, 3.4 mL/g, with a log-normal distribution between the 95 percentile values of 2.4 to 4.4 mL/g. This document version differs from the earlier version, SRNS-STI-2008-00286, in that it includes some editorial corrections. This version does not contain any technical changes or changes to the conclusions presented in the earlier version.

  17. Graphic values for some organic constituents of beneficiated coal samples. Technical report, September 1, 1991--November 30, 1991

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kohlenberger, L.B.

    1991-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The first objective of this one-year project is to obtain analytical data on a series of fractions of coal sample IBC-101 of widely varying ash content obtained via a froth flotation physical coal cleaning process. Froth flotation is the fractionation technique to be used rather than float/sink testing as in the Stansfield-Sutherland method because (1) most of the data in our files which were used in the development of these techniques were froth flotation tests and (2) as a way of showing that the fractionating is as effective by one technique as the other, so long as no chemical changes are effected. Analytical values will be obtained in the Coal Analysis Laboratory for moisture, ash, volatile matter, fixed carbon, total carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, oxygen, total sulfur, sulfate sulfur, organic sulfur, and calorific value. The next objective will be to plot the various values of each of the analyzed species versus its corresponding ash values to obtain x/y plots for each as a function of ash. From the resulting curves, it should be possible to calculate for coal sample IBC-101 a precise measure of its mineral matter content, its dry or moist ,mineral-matter-free calorific value as used in determining the rank of the coal sample, calculate organic sulfur values corresponding to each ash value in cases where the relationship is linear, and possibly find other analyzed values which have a direct correlation with the mineral matter content of the coal.

  18. Getting the Best Value with Utility Energy Service Contracts

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Federal agencies benefit from lessons learned during utility energy service contracts (UESCs). Over the years, best practices to get the best value from UESCs have been identified from successful UESC projects.

  19. THE FOOD VALUE OF SEA MUSSELS By Irving A. Field

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    value . Mussels a cheap food . Preservation methods . Canning . Pickling . Drying . Cold storage by the Chinese, is now relished by the American palate. Raising frogs for market is now a profitable industry

  20. Innovation. Collaboration. Value BC Public Post-Secondary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Victoria, University of

    Report August 2014 #12;2 Vision Provide outstanding value to post-secondary institutions through and Operations University of Victoria Pat Hibbitts, VP, Finance and Administration Simon Fraser University Jackie

  1. Partnerships: The Value of Two Companies Working Together 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Newell, R.

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    : improved efficiency and cost effectiveness; an increased opportunity for innovation; and continual improvement of quality products and services. Customer and Honeywell values are described, along with valuable lessons that have been learned throughout our...

  2. The Market Value and Cost of Solar Photovoltaic Electricity Production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borenstein, Severin

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the premium value of solar PV power to 0%-20% again. Whilepower to that location. While few dispute that the direct cost of electricity from the currently available solar

  3. Axioms for Recursion in CallbyValue (Extended Abstract)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the distinction between values and effect­free programs is essential [16, 6]. So here is an amusing coincidence combined with the Continuation­Passing Style (CPS) translation can be understood within the abstract

  4. The Value of Academic Libraries: Findings and Implications for the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oakleaf, Megan

    management Determine what libraries enables students, faculty, student affairs professionals, administrators in professional development. Mobilize library administrators. Leverage library professional associations. #12 the overall goals of the parent constituencies? #12;Guiding Principles · Value defined in terms

  5. The value of United States oil and gas reserves

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adelman, Morris Albert

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The object of this research is to estimate a time series, starting in 1979, for the value of in-ground oil reserves and natural gas reserves in the United States. Relatively good statistics exist for the physical quantities. ...

  6. Selected Component Failure Rate Values from Fusion Safety Assessment Tasks

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cadwallader, Lee Charles

    1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report is a compilation of component failure rate and repair rate values that can be used in magnetic fusion safety assessment tasks. Several safety systems are examined, such as gas cleanup systems and plasma shutdown systems. Vacuum system component reliability values, including large vacuum chambers, have been reviewed. Values for water cooling system components have also been reported here. The report concludes with the examination of some equipment important to personnel safety, atmospheres, combustible gases, and airborne releases of radioactivity. These data should be useful to system designers to calculate scoping values for the availability and repair intervals for their systems, and for probabilistic safety or risk analysts to assess fusion systems for safety of the public and the workers.

  7. Breakdown Visualization: Multiple Foci Polyarchies of Values and Attributes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    breakdown visualization, financial visualization, polyarchy structure, multiple foci, visual decompositionBreakdown Visualization: Multiple Foci Polyarchies of Values and Attributes Sandeep Prabhakar Department of Computer Science Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University Blacksburg, VA 24061

  8. The Market Value and Cost of Solar Photovoltaic Electricity Production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borenstein, Severin

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    value of solar PV to residential customers. Those studiesto install solar PV if the customer is in a particularlyvaluation of solar PV for the end-use customer. In separate

  9. Syllabus for Spring 2014! Environmental Values, Movements, and Policy!

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delaware, University of

    Syllabus for Spring 2014! ! Environmental Values, Movements, and Policy! MAST 692-010 and UAPP 692, Viewing the World Ecologically. Boulder, CO: Westview Press. (On reserve) ! SYLLABUS ! Most weeks

  10. The influence of institutional investors on firm value

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Yong Seung

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The impact of corporate governance on firm value has been extensively debated by academics and business practitioners. Some studies show that companies that allow minority shareholders to have more control are likely to ...

  11. USDA Webinar: Value-Added Producer Grants for Tribal Entities

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Sponsored by the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) Rural Development, this tribal-specific training will provide an overview of the FY14 Funding Opportunity and the Value-Added Producer Grants ...

  12. Low-Value Waste Gases as an Energy Source 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waibel, R. T.

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Waste gases with potentially useful fuel value are generated at any number of points in refineries, chemical plants and other industrial and commercial sites. The higher quality streams have been utilized successfully in fuel systems for years...

  13. Missouri Value-Added Loan Guarantee Program (Missouri)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Missouri Value-Added Loan Guarantee Program provides a 50% first-loss guarantee to lenders who make agricultural business development loans for the acquisition, construction, improvement, or...

  14. Value Capture in the Global Wind Energy Industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dedrick, Jason; Kraemer, Kenneth L.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of manufacturing. April 18. Wind Directions (2007). SupplyJan/Feb. 27-34. Appendix. Illustrative wind supply chainValue capture n.a. Source: Wind Directions, 2007; authors

  15. Predicting pKa values from EEM atomic charges

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Equalization Method (EEM). J Chem Inf Model 2006, 46(4):Access Predicting pK a values from EEM atomic charges RadkaEqualization Method (EEM). Speci?cally, we collected 18 EEM

  16. Policy learning : new challenges for smart value capture in Colombia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Acosta, Patricia, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Contribucion por Valorizacion is a form of value capture similar to Special Assessment, used in Colombia to complement Local revenues for major public infrastructure programs. SA's continued use countrywide and its resulting ...

  17. Value Capture in the Global Wind Energy Industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dedrick, Jason; Kraemer, Kenneth L.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Wind Energy Council, 2011 New installation in 2010 The wind industry value chain Wind turbineWind Energy Council (GWEC, 2011) domestic content in U.S. -deployed turbines

  18. CODATA Recommended Values of the Fundamental Physical Constants: 1998*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of recommended values is available on the World Wide Web at physics.nist.gov/ constants. © 1999 American Institute of Physics and American Chemical Society. S0047-2689 00 00301-9 Key words: CODATA, conversion

  19. How to Estimate the Value of Service Reliability Improvements

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sullivan, Michael J.; Mercurio, Matthew G.; Schellenberg, Josh A.; Eto, Joseph H.

    2010-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

    A robust methodology for estimating the value of service reliability improvements is presented. Although econometric models for estimating value of service (interruption costs) have been established and widely accepted, analysts often resort to applying relatively crude interruption cost estimation techniques in assessing the economic impacts of transmission and distribution investments. This paper first shows how the use of these techniques can substantially impact the estimated value of service improvements. A simple yet robust methodology that does not rely heavily on simplifying assumptions is presented. When a smart grid investment is proposed, reliability improvement is one of the most frequently cited benefits. Using the best methodology for estimating the value of this benefit is imperative. By providing directions on how to implement this methodology, this paper sends a practical, usable message to the industry.

  20. Low-Value Waste Gases as an Energy Source

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waibel, R. T.

    Waste gases with potentially useful fuel value are generated at any number of points in refineries, chemical plants and other industrial and commercial sites. The higher quality streams have been utilized successfully in fuel systems for years...

  1. Creating value from uncertainty : a study of ocean transportation contracting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pálsson, Sigurjón

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    How can financial tools like real options and hedging mitigate and create value from uncertainty in transportation? This paper describes these concepts and identifies research on them that has relevance to transportation. ...

  2. Lifecycle Value Framework for Tactical Aircraft Product Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hallander, Ingrid

    Due to a dramatic reduction in defense procurement, the benchmark for developing new defense systems today is performance at an affordable cost. In an attempt to encircle a more holistic perspective of value, lifecycle ...

  3. Stakeholder value network analysis for the mobile services ecosystem

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arvind, A. S. (Amarnath Sury)

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The mobile services ecosystem has evolved and continues to evolve at a rapid pace adjusting to the different players competing to be part of the value creation and capture. This thesis attempts to capture a holistic view ...

  4. PV VALUE(tm) User Manual v. 1.0

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    PV Value(tm) User Manual v. 1.0 Jamie L. Johnson - Solar Power Electric(tm) Geoffrey T. Klise - Sandia National Laboratories 1312012 SAND2012-0682P Sandia National Laboratories...

  5. The 2009 Outlook for Texas Rural Land Values

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Klinefelter, Danny A.

    2009-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

    Farm income in 2009 will likely decline from previous years, and the value of rural land is likely to flatten out also. Producers need to increase their emphasis on financial and risk management....

  6. Generalized covariation and extended Fukushima decompositions for Banach valued processes.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Generalized covariation and extended Fukushima decompositions for Banach valued processes corresponding results when B = C([-, 0]) and X = X(·). This will consitute a significant Fukushima decomposition random variables, Malliavin calculus, Generalized Fukushima decomposition. LUISS Guido Carli - Libera

  7. Wood Products Marketing And Value-Added Opportunities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wood Products Marketing And Value-Added Opportunities In Latin America: A Focus on Brazil Richard School of Renewable Natural Resources Louisiana State University Presented at: PANORAMA Curitiba, Brazil

  8. A Flexible Extreme Value Mixture Model A. MacDonalda

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scarrott, Carl

    A Flexible Extreme Value Mixture Model A. MacDonalda , C.J. Scarrotta, , D. Leea , B. Darlowb , M motivated models for unusual or rare events, e.g. the upper or lower tails of a distribution. A new flexible

  9. Expectation Values in the Lieb-Liniger Bose Gas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kormos, M.; Trombettoni, A. [SISSA and INFN, Sezione di Trieste, via Beirut 2/4, I-34151, Trieste (Italy); Mussardo, G. [SISSA and INFN, Sezione di Trieste, via Beirut 2/4, I-34151, Trieste (Italy); International Centre for Theoretical Physics (ICTP), I-34151, Trieste (Italy)

    2009-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a novel method to compute expectation values in the Lieb-Liniger model both at zero and finite temperature. These quantities, relevant in the physics of one-dimensional ultracold Bose gases, are expressed by a series that has a remarkable behavior of convergence. Among other results, we show the computation of the three-body expectation value at finite temperature, a quantity that rules the recombination rate of the Bose gas.

  10. The Initial Value Problem Using Metric and Extrinsic Curvature

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    James W. York

    2004-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The initial value problem is introduced after a thorough review of the essential geometry. The initial value equations are put into elliptic form using both conformal transformations and a treatment of the extrinsic curvature introduced recently. This use of the metric and the extrinsic curvature is manifestly equivalent to the author's conformal thin sandwich formulation. Therefore, the reformulation of the constraints as an elliptic system by use of conformal techniques is complete.

  11. Target Value Design: Applications to Newborn Intensive Care Units

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rybkowski, Zofia K.; Shepley, Mardelle McCuskey; Ballard, H. Glenn

    2015-02-08T23:59:59.000Z

    inducing flow, has been optimizing the three- legged stool of construction management—time, cost, quality and safety (as the seat) (Jackson, 2004). Value is defined as what customers need to accomplish their purposes. Historically, TVD de- veloped... (Architecture); E (Engineering); CM (Construction Management) Table 1. A Comparison of Two Delivery Methods Note: OAEC stakeholders for the field house at St. Olaf engaged in target-costing exercises as a way to reduce cost and schedule—and enhance value...

  12. Toward a New Paradigm for Valuing Demand Response

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Earle, Robert; Faruqui, Ahmad

    2006-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    There is value in DR, but it needs to be evaluated correctly. The pricing experiment in California showed that well-designed dynamic pricing programs can have a significant impact on critical peak loads, and California's investor-owned utilities are using the experimental results to develop business cases for advanced metering. A key question in developing these business cases is how much value to attach to a kW of load that is curtailed during critical times. (author)

  13. A multipoint boundary value problem solver with implicit time stepping

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Curtis, Donald Arthur

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A MULTIPOINT BOUNDARY VALUE PROBLEM SOLVER WITH IMPLICIT TIME STEPPING A Thesis by DONALD ARTHUR CURTIS Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER... OF SCIENCE August 1991 Major Subject: Chemical Engineering A MULTIPOINT BOUNDARY VALUE PROBLEM SOLVER WITH IMPLICIT TIME STEPPING A Thesis by DONALD ARTHUR CURTIS Approved as to style and content by: Ralph E. White (Chair of Committee) Albert T...

  14. CODATA recommended values of the fundamental physical constants: 2002

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mohr, Peter J.; Taylor, Barry N. [National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, Maryland 20899-8401 (United States)

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper gives the 2002 self-consistent set of values of the basic constants and conversion factors of physics and chemistry recommended by the Committee on Data for Science and Technology (CODATA) for international use. Further, it describes in detail the adjustment of the values of the subset of constants on which the complete 2002 set of recommended values is based. Two noteworthy additions in the 2002 adjustment are recommended values for the bound-state rms charge radii of the proton and deuteron and tests of the exactness of the Josephson and quantum-Hall-effect relations K{sub J}=2e/h and R{sub K}=h/e{sup 2}, where K{sub J} and R{sub K} are the Josephson and von Klitzing constants, respectively, e is the elementary charge, and h is the Planck constant. The 2002 set replaces the previously recommended 1998 CODATA set. The 2002 adjustment takes into account the data considered in the 1998 adjustment as well as the data that became available between 31 December 1998, the closing date of that adjustment, and 31 December 2002, the closing date of the new adjustment. The differences between the 2002 and 1998 recommended values compared to the uncertainties of the latter are generally not unreasonable. The new CODATA set of recommended values may also be found on the World Wide Web at physics.nist.gov/constants.

  15. Measurements of F 2 from CCFR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ;#22;-Fe di#11;erential cross sections. The extraction is performed in a physics model independent (PMI, is higher than current theoretical predictions. The ratio of the F2 (PMI) values measured in #23 by extracting the #23; #22; structure functions in a physics model independent (PMI) way. We also re- port

  16. CONTROLLABILITY MEASURES FOR DISTURBANCE Sigurd Skogestad

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Skogestad, Sigurd

    of combined disturbances in the frequency domain using the singular value decomposition. Skogestad and MorariCONTROLLABILITY MEASURES FOR DISTURBANCE REJECTION Sigurd Skogestad and Erik A. Wol Chemical-in" disturbance rejection capabilities than others, that is, their dynamic resilience controllability with respect

  17. Measurement of advective soil gas flux: Results of field and...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    at a high chamber-flushing rate, are likely to yield flux measurements closer to the true values. Citation: Amonette JE, JL Barr, RL Erikson, LM Dobeck, JL Barr, and JA...

  18. Informatively optimal levels of confidence for measurement uncertainty

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    David

    2011-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

    expanded uncertainty of measurement as a historical artifact, and not as a strictly substantiated value. .... where ?o(?) = 1.5 is true for the most uncertain classification situation (50% confidence) about allowing or ..... as a power of exponent (n).

  19. Development of electronic nose for measurement of agricultural odors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bausch, Carrie Lynn

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the capability of a redesigned electronic nose. Headspace gas chromatography was used to correlate the sensor responses to actual measured values of a particular compound in the headspace. The electronic nose was able to detect all the compounds used...

  20. Cummins/ORNL-FEERC CRADA: NOx Control & Measurement Technology...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    @ 80% Cylinder-Resolved H 2 O Measurements Sample in pipe between exhaust manifold and turbo 11 Managed by UT-Battelle for the Department of Energy Cycle-integrated value (ppm x...

  1. Method and apparatus for measuring response time

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Johanson, Edward W. (New Lenox, IL); August, Charles (Darien, IL)

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A method of measuring the response time of an electrical instrument which generates an output signal in response to the application of a specified input, wherein the output signal varies as a function of time and when subjected to a step input approaches a steady-state value, comprises the steps of: (a) applying a step input of predetermined value to the electrical instrument to generate an output signal; (b) simultaneously starting a timer; (c) comparing the output signal to a reference signal to generate a stop signal when the output signal is substantially equal to the reference signal, the reference signal being a specified percentage of the steady-state value of the output signal corresponding to the predetermined value of the step input; and (d) applying the stop signal when generated to stop the timer.

  2. Method and apparatus for measuring response time

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Johanson, E.W.; August, C.

    1983-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

    A method of measuring the response time of an electrical instrument which generates an output signal in response to the application of a specified input, wherein the output signal varies as a function of time and when subjected to a step input approaches a steady-state value, comprises the steps of: (a) applying a step input of predetermined value to the electrical instrument to generate an output signal; (b) simultaneously starting a timer; (c) comparing the output signal to a reference signal to generate a stop signal when the output signal is substantially equal to the reference signal, the reference signal being a specified percentage of the steady-state value of the output signal corresponding to the predetermined value of the step input; and (d) applying the stop signal when generated to stop the timer.

  3. Q value of the superallowed decay of Mg-22 and the calibration of the Na-21(p,gamma) experiment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Savard, G.; Clark, JA; Buchinger, F.; Crawford, JE; Gulick, S.; Hardy, John C.; Hecht, AA; Iacob, VE; Lee, JKP; Levand, AF; Lundgren, BF; Scielzo, ND; Sharma, KS; Tanihata, I.; Towner, IS; Trimble, W.; Wang, JC; Wang, Y.; Zhou, Z.

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The masses of the radioactive nuclei Mg-22 and Na-22 have been measured with the Canadian Penning trap on-line mass spectrometer to a precision of 3x10(-8) and 1x10(-8), respectively. A Q(EC) value of 4124.39(73) keV for the superallowed beta decay...

  4. Q value of the superallowed decay of Mg-22 and the calibration of the Na-21(p,gamma) experiment 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Savard, G.; Clark, JA; Buchinger, F.; Crawford, JE; Gulick, S.; Hardy, John C.; Hecht, AA; Iacob, VE; Lee, JKP; Levand, AF; Lundgren, BF; Scielzo, ND; Sharma, KS; Tanihata, I.; Towner, IS; Trimble, W.; Wang, JC; Wang, Y.; Zhou, Z.

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The masses of the radioactive nuclei Mg-22 and Na-22 have been measured with the Canadian Penning trap on-line mass spectrometer to a precision of 3x10(-8) and 1x10(-8), respectively. A Q(EC) value of 4124.39(73) keV for the superallowed beta decay...

  5. Statistical correlation between hourly and daily values of solar radiation on horizontal surface at sea level in the Italian climate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    219- Statistical correlation between hourly and daily values of solar radiation on horizontal- nalières du rayonnement solaire. Abstract. 2014 The knowledge of hourly data of solar radiation is required data measured in Italian stations and propose a method to estimate hourly solar radiation

  6. Frequency Measurement & Analysis Service

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Magee, Joseph W.

    NIST Frequency Measurement & Analysis Service #12;A Complete Solution To All Frequency Measurement & Calibration Problems The NIST Frequency Measurement and Analysis Service makes it easy to measure and calibrate any quartz, rubidium, or cesium frequency standard. All measurements are made automatically

  7. Effects of Temporal Wind Patterns on the Value of Wind-Generated Electricity in California and the Northwest

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wiser, Ryan H; Wiser, Ryan H; Fripp, Matthias

    2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Wind power production is variable, but also has diurnal and seasonal patterns. These patterns differ between sites, potentially making electric power from some wind sites more valuable for meeting customer loads or selling in wholesale power markets. This paper investigates whether the timing of wind significantly affects the value of electricity from sites in California and the Northwestern United States. We use both measured and modeled wind data and estimate the time-varying value of wind power with both financial and load-based metrics. We find that the potential difference in wholesale market value between better-correlated and poorly correlated wind sites is modest, on the order of 5-10 percent. A load-based metric, power production during the top 10 percent of peak load hours, varies more strongly between sites, suggesting that the capacity value of different wind projects could vary by as much as 50 percent based on the timing of wind alone.

  8. Two decades before launching Clipper, its founder, James Dehlsen, had started Zond, a pioneering U.S. wind power firm. Zond worked closely with NREL, and once it was acquired by

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laboratory (NREL) and newly formed wind turbine builder, Clipper Windpower Inc., forged a partnership based, a pioneering U.S. wind power firm. Zond worked closely with NREL, and once it was acquired by another firm in the late 1990s, Dehlsen was free to pursue his latest wind turbine innovations. His new idea

  9. The New (g-2) Experiment: A proposal to measure the muon anomalous magnetic moment to +-0.14 ppm precision

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carey, R.M.; Lynch, K.R.; Miller, J.P.; Roberts, B.L.; Morse, W.M.; Semertzides, Y.K.; Druzhinin, V.P.; Khazin, B.I.; Koop, I.A.; Logashenko, I.; Redin, S.I.; /Boston U. /Brookhaven /Novosibirsk, IYF /Cornell U., CIHEP /Fermilab /Frascati /Illinois U., Urbana /James Madison U. /Groningen, KVI /KEK, Tsukuba /Kentucky U.

    2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We propose to measure the muon anomalous magnetic moment, a{sub {mu}}, to 0.14 ppm-a fourfold improvement over the 0.54 ppm precision obtained in the BNL experiment E821. The muon anomaly is a fundamental quantity and its precise determination will have lasting value. The current measurement was statistics limited, suggesting that greater precision can be obtained in a higher-rate, next-generation experiment. We outline a plan to use the unique FNAL complex of proton accelerators and rings to produce high-intensity bunches of muons, which will be directed into the relocated BNL muon storage ring. The physics goal of our experiment is a precision on the muon anomaly of 16 x 10{sup -11}, which will require 21 times the statistics of the BNL measurement, as well a factor of 3 reduction in the overall systematic error. Our goal is well matched to anticipated advances in the worldwide effort to determine the standard model (SM) value of the anomaly. The present comparison, {Delta}a{sub {mu}} (Expt: -SM) = (295 {+-} 81) x 10{sup -11}, is already suggestive of possible new physics contributions to the muon anomaly. Assuming that the current theory error of 51 x 10{sup -11} is reduced to 30 x 10{sup -11} on the time scale of the completion of our experiment, a future {Delta}a{sub {mu}} comparison would have a combined uncertainty of {approx} 34 x 10{sup -11}, which will be a sensitive and complementary benchmark for proposed standard model extensions. The experimental data will also be used to improve the muon EDM limit by up to a factor of 100 and make a higher-precision test of Lorentz and CPT violation. We describe in this Proposal why the FNAL complex provides a uniquely ideal facility for a next-generation (g-2) experiment. The experiment is compatible with the fixed-target neutrino program; indeed, it requires only the unused Booster batch cycles and can acquire the desired statistics in less than two years of running. The proton beam preparations are largely aligned with the new Mu2e experimental requirements. The (g-2) experiment itself is based on the solid foundation of E821 at BNL, with modest improvements related to systematic error control. We outline the motivation, conceptual plans, and details of the tasks, anticipated budget, and timeline in this proposal.

  10. Measuring the dark matter equation of state

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Serra, Ana Laura

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The nature of the dominant component of galaxies and clusters remains unknown. While the astrophysics comunity supports the cold dark matter (CDM) paradigm as a clue factor in the current cosmological model, no direct CDM detections have been performed. Faber and Visser 2006 have suggested a simple method for measuring the dark matter equation of state. By combining kinematical and gravitational lensing data it is possible to test the widely adopted assumption of pressureless dark matter. According to this formalism, we have measured the dark matter equation of state for first time using improved techniques. We have found that the value of the equation of state parameter is consistent with pressureless dark matter within the errors. Nevertheless the measured value is lower than expected. This fact follows from the well known differences between the masses determinated by lensing and kinematical methods. We have tested our techniques using simulations and we have also analyzed possible sources of errors that c...

  11. Biogas From Municipal WWTPs: Fuel Cells Viewed as a Value Proposition...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    From Municipal WWTPs: Fuel Cells Viewed as a Value Proposition Biogas From Municipal WWTPs: Fuel Cells Viewed as a Value Proposition Presentation about the value proposition for...

  12. Extended space expectation values in quantum dynamical system evolutions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Demiralp, Metin [Istanbul Technical University, Informatics Institute, Maslak, 34469, Istanbul (Turkey)

    2014-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

    The time variant power series expansion for the expectation value of a given quantum dynamical operator is well-known and well-investigated issue in quantum dynamics. However, depending on the operator and Hamiltonian singularities this expansion either may not exist or may not converge for all time instances except the beginning of the evolution. This work focuses on this issue and seeks certain cures for the negativities. We work in the extended space obtained by adding all images of the initial wave function under the system Hamiltonian’s positive integer powers. This requires the introduction of certain appropriately defined weight operators. The resulting better convergence in the temporal power series urges us to call the new defined entities “extended space expectation values” even though they are constructed over certain weight operators and are somehow pseudo expectation values.

  13. Improved value for the silicon free exciton binding energy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Green, Martin A., E-mail: m.green@unsw.edu.au [Australian Centre for Advanced Photovoltaics, School of Photovoltaic and Renewable Energy Engineering, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia 2052 (Australia)

    2013-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The free exciton binding energy is a key parameter in silicon material and device physics. In particular, it provides the necessary link between the energy threshold for valence to conduction band optical absorption and the bandgap determining electronic properties. The long accepted low temperature binding energy value of 14.7 ± 0.4 meV is reassessed taking advantage of developments subsequent to its original determination, leading to the conclusion that this value is definitely an underestimate. Using three largely independent experimental data sets, an improved low temperature value of 15.01 ± 0.06 meV is deduced, in good agreement with the most comprehensive theoretical calculations to date.

  14. Impact of Wind and Solar on the Value of Energy Storage

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Denholm, P.; Jorgenson, J.; Hummon, M.; Palchak, D.; Kirby, B.; Ma, O.; O'Malley, M.

    2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This analysis evaluates how the value of energy storage changes when adding variable generation (VG) renewable energy resources to the grid. A series of VG energy penetration scenarios from 16% to 55% were generated for a utility system in the western United States. This operational value of storage (measured by its ability to reduce system production costs) was estimated in each VG scenario, considering provision of different services and with several sensitivities to fuel price and generation mix. Overall, the results found that the presence of VG increases the value of energy storage by lowering off-peak energy prices more than on-peak prices, leading to a greater opportunity to arbitrage this price difference. However, significant charging from renewables, and consequently a net reduction in carbon emissions, did not occur until VG penetration was in the range of 40%-50%. Increased penetration of VG also increases the potential value of storage when providing reserves, mainly by increasing the amount of reserves required by the system. Despite this increase in value, storage may face challenges in capturing the full benefits it provides. Due to suppression of on-/off-peak price differentials, reserve prices, and incomplete capture of certain system benefits (such as the cost of power plant starts), the revenue obtained by storage in a market setting appears to be substantially less than the net benefit (reduction in production costs) provided to the system. Furthermore, it is unclear how storage will actually incentivize large-scale deployment of renewables needed to substantially increase VG penetration. This demonstrates some of the additional challenges for storage deployed in restructured energy markets.

  15. Progress re-evaluating Puget Sound sediment apparent effects threshold values (AETs)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gries, T.H.; Waldow, K.H. [Washington Department of Ecology, Olympia, WA (United States)

    1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The Puget Sound Dredged Disposal Analysis agencies (US Army Corps of Engineers and Environmental Protection Agency, and Washington Departments of Ecology and Natural Resources) are committed to re-evaluating AETs for Puget Sound sediments, upon which regulatory guideline values and criteria are based. On behalf of the PSDDA agencies, the Department of Ecology used an expanded sediment quality database to calculate 1994 AETs. Those AETs were based on the 10-day Rhepoxinius abronius mortality and 48--96 hour echinoderm larval bioassays. Both abnormality and effective mortality (abnormality + mortality) endpoints were used as indicators of biological effects in the latter test. The echinoderm AETs derived from the abnormality endpoint were more sensitive predictors of significant adverse effects, so those AETs were examined more closely. Results showed most of the 1994 dry weight-normalized amphipod AETs remained the same as 1988 values, but some increased and one decreased. Fewer changes were observed for organic carbon-normalized amphipod AETS. Echinoderm larval abnormality AETs were generally lower than 1986 oyster larval AETS, whether dry weight or organic carbon-normalized. Amphipod values were among the highest and echinoderm values were among the lowest in the suite of Puget Sound AETs. Whether any new AETs lead to corresponding changes to the guideline values used in the PSDDA program or the criteria of the Washington`s Sediment Management Standards (173-204 WAC) will depend on several factors. The new Puget Sound amphipod and echinoderm AETs, some measures of their reliability, and potential changes to sediment quality guidelines and criteria will be presented.

  16. Distributionally Robust Discrete Optimization with Entropic Value-at ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2014-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

    May 6, 2014 ... risk measure and is also known as Bernstein approximation for the chance constraint. We propose an ..... Guidelines for Selecting Break Points.

  17. Application of Target Value Design to Energy Efficiency Investments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Hyun Woo

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    156 Figure B-5: Screenshot 1 of EEM157 Figure B-6: Screenshot 2 of EEMEfficient Commercial Building EEM Energy Efficiency Measure

  18. Signatures of wave packet revival phenomena in the expectation values of observables

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C. Sudheesh; S. Lakshmibala; V. Balakrishnan

    2004-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Wave packet revivals and fractional revivals are striking quantum interference phenomena that can occur under suitable conditions in a system with a nonlinear spectrum. In the framework of a specific model (the propagation of an initially coherent wave packet in a Kerr-like medium), it is shown that distinctive signatures of these revivals and fractional revivals are displayed by the time evolution of the expectation values of physical observables and their powers, i.e., by experimentally measurable quantities. Moreover, different fractional revivals can be selectively identified by examining appropriate higher moments.

  19. Visualizing the Value of IT: People, Technology, Services, and Processes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Warner, Beth Forrest; Liss, Donna

    2007-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

    (TechQual+) How do we assess our progress? Strategic Planning Where are we going? ITIL Services Model How do we manage the process? Application Maps, Service Catalogs What are we doing? Value Chain Model Why are we doing it? Business Partners Model Who...? Models: What’s Next? Assessment (TechQual+) How do we assess our progress? Strategic Planning Where are we going? ITIL Services Model How do we manage the process? Application Maps, Service Catalogs What are we doing? Value Chain Model Why are we doing...

  20. Graphical functions and single-valued multiple polylogarithms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oliver Schnetz

    2014-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

    Graphical functions are single-valued complex functions which arise from Feynman amplitudes. We study their properties and use their connection to multiple polylogarithms to calculate Feynman periods. For the zig-zag and two more families of phi^4 periods we give exact results modulo products. These periods are proved to be expressible as integer linear combinations of single-valued multiple polylogarithms evaluated at one. For the larger family of 'constructible' graphs we give an algorithm that allows one to calculate their periods by computer algebra. The theory of graphical functions is used to prove the zig-zag conjecture.

  1. Semiempirical range and stopping power values for heavy ions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schilling, Ralph Franklin, III

    1968-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    S ", '". IE: PIRICAL RAiiTGE ARE STOPPIZG PO'(/ER VALUES POR HEAVY IOUS A Thesis by RALPH PRKVKLIM SCHILLING III Subm' tted to the Graduate College of the Texas A8:)~I University in Partial fulfillmert of the requirements for the degree of I... from the tcchn'qu-s used 1n p"blication has, for the most part, limited their usefulness 1n determining specific values. i&1th this in mind. , the results obtained in this pro?'ect arc er;pressed in tabular form rather than 1n graphical form. A...

  2. Electrical resistance measurements of highly inhibited SiC coated carbon-carbon laminates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parker, Paul Albert

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    resistance values to the mass loss. In-situ electrical resistance measurements are taken at 900'C and shear modulus measurements are obtained at room temperature prior to and following oxidation. Initial oxidation damage is incurred preferentially along both...

  3. Reducing variance in batch partitioning measurements

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mariner, Paul E.

    2010-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

    The partitioning experiment is commonly performed with little or no attention to reducing measurement variance. Batch test procedures such as those used to measure K{sub d} values (e.g., ASTM D 4646 and EPA402 -R-99-004A) do not explain how to evaluate measurement uncertainty nor how to minimize measurement variance. In fact, ASTM D 4646 prescribes a sorbent:water ratio that prevents variance minimization. Consequently, the variance of a set of partitioning measurements can be extreme and even absurd. Such data sets, which are commonplace, hamper probabilistic modeling efforts. An error-savvy design requires adjustment of the solution:sorbent ratio so that approximately half of the sorbate partitions to the sorbent. Results of Monte Carlo simulations indicate that this simple step can markedly improve the precision and statistical characterization of partitioning uncertainty.

  4. Search Via quantum walks with intermediate measurements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Efrain Buksman; André L. Fonseca de Oliveira; Jesús GarcÍa López de Lacalle

    2014-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

    A modification of the Tulsi quantum search algorithm with intermediate measurements of the control is presented. In order to analyze the effect of measurements in quantum searches, a different choice of the angular parameter is used. The study is performed for several values of time lapses between measurements, finding close relationships between probabilities and correlations (Mutual Information and Cumulative Correlation Measure). The order of this modified algorithm is estimated, showing that for some time lapses the performance is improved, and became of order $O(N)$ (classical brute force search) when the measurement is taken in every step. The results indicate a possible way to analyze improvements to other quantum algorithms using one, or more, control qubits.

  5. Valuing the Invaluable: An Investigation of Outdoor Recreation Behavior, Perceived Values of Ecosystem Services, and Biophysical Conditions on Channel Islands National Park

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Riper, Carena J

    2014-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

    , “assigned” values of ecosystem services, and ecological values of the CINP. In first of three papers, I tested the value-belief-norm (VBN) theory of environmentalism to determine the psychological processes driving low-impact behavior among outdoor...

  6. How to construct quantum measure in Regge calculus?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. Khatsymovsky

    1993-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

    We propose the following way of constructing quantum measure in Regge calculus: the full discrete Regge manifold is made continuous in some direction by tending corresponding dimensions of simplices to zero, then functional integral measure corresponding to the canonical quantization (with continuous coordinate playing the role of time) can be constructed. The full discrete measure is chosen so that it would result in canonical quantization one whatever coordinate is made continuous. This strategy is followed in 3D case where full discrete measure is determined in such the way practically uniquely (in fact, family of similar measures is obtained). Averaging with the help of the constructed measure gives finite expectation values for links.

  7. Evaluation of entanglement measures by a single observable

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chengjie Zhang; Sixia Yu; Qing Chen; Haidong Yuan; C. H. Oh

    2015-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

    We present observable lower bounds for several entanglement measures including entanglement of formation, geometric measure of entanglement, concurrence, and convex-roof extended negativity. The lower bounds facilitate estimates of these entanglement measures for arbitrary finite-dimensional bipartite states. Moreover, these lower bounds can be easily obtained from the expectation value of a single observable, and the optimal lower bounds relate to fully entangled fraction. Based on our results, we use the real experimental measurement data reported by Tonolini \\textit{et al.} [Sci. Rep. \\textbf{4}, 6542 (2014)] to get the lower bounds of entanglement measures for their experimentally realized state. In addition, we also study the relations between entanglement measures.

  8. PAMELA's Measurements of Magnetospheric Effects on High Energy Solar Particles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adriani, O; Bazilevskaya, G A; Bellotti, R; Boezio, M; Bogomolov, E A; Bongi, M; Bonvicini, V; Bottai, S; Bravar, U; Bruno, A; Cafagna, F; Campana, D; Carbone, R; Carlson, P; Casolino, M; Castellini, G; Christian, E C; De Donato, C; de Nolfo, G A; De Santis, C; De Simone, N; Di Felice, V; Formato, V; Galper, A M; Karelin, A V; Koldashov, S V; Koldobskiy, S; Krutkov, S Y; Kvashnin, A N; Lee, M; Leonov, A; Malakhov, V; Marcelli, L; Martucci, M; Mayorov, A G; Menn, W; Mergé, M; Mikhailov, V V; Mocchiutti, E; Monaco, A; Mori, N; Munini, R; Osteria, G; Palma, F; Panico, B; Papini, P; Pearce, M; Picozza, P; Ricci, M; Ricciarini, S B; Ryan, J M; Sarkar, R; Scotti, V; Simon, M; Sparvoli, R; Spillantini, P; Stochaj, S; Stozhkov, Y I; Thakur, N; Vacchi, A; Vannuccini, E; Vasilyev, G I; Voronov, S A; Yurkin, Y T; Zampa, G; Zampa, N

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The nature of particle acceleration at the Sun, whether through flare reconnection processes or through shocks driven by coronal mass ejections (CMEs), is still under scrutiny despite decades of research. The measured properties of solar energetic particles (SEPs) have long been modeled in different particle-acceleration scenarios. The challenge has been to disentangle to the effects of transport from those of acceleration. The Payload for Antimatter Matter Exploration and Light-nuclei Astrophysics (PAMELA) instrument, enables unique observations of SEPs including composition and the angular distribution of the particles about the magnetic field, i.e. pitch angle distribution, over a broad energy range (>80 MeV) -- bridging a critical gap between space-based measurements and ground-based. We present high-energy SEP data from PAMELA acquired during the 2012 May 17 SEP event. These data exhibit differential anisotropies and thus transport features over the instrument rigidity range. SEP protons exhibit two dist...

  9. Measurements of the Properties of the Top Quark

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brandt, Oleg

    2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We review recent measurements of the properties of the top quark: the decay width of the top quark, of spin correlations between the top and the antitop quarks in t{bar t} production, the W boson helicity in top decays, the strong colour flow in t{bar t} events, and the asymmetry of t{bar t} production due to the strong colour charge. The measurements are performed on data samples of up to 5.4 fb{sup -1} of integrated luminosity acquired by the CDF and D0 collaborations in Run II of the Fermilab Tevatron p{bar p} collider at a centre-of-mass energy of {radical}s = 1.96 TeV.

  10. The economic impacts of noxious facilities on wages and property values: An exploratory analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nieves, L.A.; Hemphill, R.C.; Clark, D.E.

    1991-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent assessments of socioeconomic impacts resulting from the location of potentially hazardous facilities have concentrated on the issue of negative public perceptions and their resulting economic consequences. This report presents an analysis designed to answer the question: Can economic impacts resulting from negative perceptions of noxious facilities'' be identified and measured To identify the impacts of negative perceptions, data on noxious facilities sited throughout the United States were compiled, and secondary economic and demographic data sufficient to analyze the economic impacts on the surrounding study areas were assembled. This study uses wage rate and property value differentials to measure impacts on social welfare so that the extent to which noxious facilities and their associated activities have affected surrounding areas can be determined.

  11. The economic impacts of noxious facilities on wages and property values: An exploratory analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nieves, L.A.; Hemphill, R.C.; Clark, D.E.

    1991-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent assessments of socioeconomic impacts resulting from the location of potentially hazardous facilities have concentrated on the issue of negative public perceptions and their resulting economic consequences. This report presents an analysis designed to answer the question: Can economic impacts resulting from negative perceptions of ``noxious facilities`` be identified and measured? To identify the impacts of negative perceptions, data on noxious facilities sited throughout the United States were compiled, and secondary economic and demographic data sufficient to analyze the economic impacts on the surrounding study areas were assembled. This study uses wage rate and property value differentials to measure impacts on social welfare so that the extent to which noxious facilities and their associated activities have affected surrounding areas can be determined.

  12. Reserve asset values and the "hotelling valuation principle"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adelman, Morris Albert

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Hotelling Valuation Principle, that the in-situ value of a mineral unit equals the current net price, is a special case of a more general relation. Tested against a set of recent Canadian sales of oil and gas reserves, ...

  13. Bioenergy Production Pathways and Value-Chain Components

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bioenergy Production Pathways and Value-Chain Components Prepared for the U.S. Department of Energy on Life Cycle Analyses of Bioenergy Systems Prepared by Hawai`i Natural Energy Institute School of Ocean or reflect those of the United States Government or any agency thereof. #12;Bioenergy Production Pathways

  14. Fractal initial conditions and natural parameter values in hybrid inflation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sebastien Clesse; Christophe Ringeval; Jonathan Rocher

    2009-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

    We show that the initial field values required to produce inflation in the two fields original hybrid model, and its supergravity F-term extension, do not suffer from any fine-tuning problem, even when the fields are restricted to be sub-planckian and for almost all potential parameter values. This is due to the existence of an initial slow-roll violating evolution which has been overlooked so far. Due to the attractor nature of the inflationary valley, these trajectories end up producing enough accelerated expansion of the universe. By numerically solving the full non-linear dynamics, we show that the set of such successful initial field values is connected, of dimension two and possesses a fractal boundary of infinite length exploring the whole field space. We then perform a Monte-Carlo-Markov-Chain analysis of the whole parameter space consisting of the initial field values, field velocities and potential parameters. We give the marginalised posterior probability distributions for each of these quantities such that the universe inflates long enough to solve the usual cosmological problems. Inflation in the original hybrid model and its supergravity version appears to be generic and more probable by starting outside of the inflationary valley. Finally, the implication of our findings in the context of the eternal inflationary scenario are discussed.

  15. A mixture integer-valued GARCH model Mamadou Lamine DIOP

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    ´en´egal. Email: aliou.diop@ugb.edu.sn Abdou Ka DIONGUE LERSTAD, Universit´e Gaston Berger, Saint Louis, S´en´egal. Email: abdou.diongue@ugb.edu.sn Abstract. In this paper, we generalize the mixture integer-valued ARCH

  16. Calculation of Heating Values for the High Flux Isotope Reactor

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Peterson, Joshua L [ORNL] [ORNL; Ilas, Germina [ORNL] [ORNL

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Calculating the amount of energy released by a fission reaction (fission Q value) and the heating rate distribution in a nuclear reactor is an important part of the safety analysis. However, these calculations can become very complex. One of the codes that can be used for this type of analyses is the Monte Carlo transport code MCNP5. Currently it is impossible to calculate the Q value and heating rate disposition for delayed beta and delayed gamma particles directly from MCNP5. The purpose of this paper is to outline a rigorous method for indirectly calculating the Q values and heating rates in the High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR), based on previous similar studies carried out for very high-temperature reactor configurations. This method has been applied in this study to calculate heating rates for the beginning of cycle (BOC) and end-of-cycle (EOC) states of HFIR. In addition, the BOC results obtained for HFIR are compared with corresponding results for the Advanced Test Reactor. The fission Q value for HFIR was calculated as 200.2 MeV for the BOC and 201.3 MeV for the EOC. It was also determined that 95.1% and 95.4% of the heat was deposited within the HFIR fuel plates for the BOC and EOC models, respectively. This methodology can also be used for heating rate calculations for HFIR experiments.

  17. IBM Global Business Services IBM Institute for Business Value

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    concerns, rising energy costs and technology advances leading to greater consumer involvement is nowIBM Global Business Services IBM Institute for Business Value Plugging in the consumer In decades past, as long as the energy flowed when and where required, residential and small commercial customers

  18. Singular value decomposition methods for wave propagation analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Santolik, Ondrej

    Singular value decomposition methods for wave propagation analysis O. Santoli´k,1 M. Parrot, and F planarity. Simulations of Z-mode waves, which simultaneously propagate with different wave vectors, indicate the waves simultaneously propagate with wave vectors in two opposite hemispheres. Finally, we show

  19. Value of Energy Storage for Grid Applications (Report Summary) (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Denholm, P.; Jorgenson, J.; Hummon, M.; Jenkin, T.; Palchak, D.; Kirby, B.; Ma, O.; O'Malley, M.

    2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This analysis evaluates several operational benefits of electricity storage, including load-leveling, spinning contingency reserves, and regulation reserves. Storage devices were simulated in a utility system in the western United States, and the operational costs of generation was compared to the same system without the added storage. This operational value of storage was estimated for devices of various sizes, providing different services, and with several sensitivities to fuel price and other factors. Overall, the results followed previous analyses that demonstrate relatively low value for load-leveling but greater value for provision of reserve services. The value was estimated by taking the difference in operational costs between cases with and without energy storage and represents the operational cost savings from deploying storage by a traditional vertically integrated utility. The analysis also estimated the potential revenues derived from a merchant storage plant in a restructured market, based on marginal system prices. Due to suppression of on-/off-peak price differentials and incomplete capture of system benefits (such as the cost of power plant starts), the revenue obtained by storage in a market setting appears to be substantially less than the net benefit provided to the system. This demonstrates some of the additional challenges for storage deployed in restructured energy markets.

  20. WEST HAWAI` "When it comes to overall value,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wiegner, Tracy N.

    WEST HAWAI` I "When it comes to overall value, business administration finishes first in our book for its impressive combo of career prospects and average earning potential..." ­ Yahoo BUSINESS ELECTIVE BUSINESS ELECTIVE QBA 300 Operations Management Pre-requisite: QBA 260 BUS 290 Critical

  1. THE VALUE OF KNOWLEDGE AND THE PURSUIT OF SHERRILYN ROUSH

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    that knowledge contributes if its extra ingredient beyond true belief is tracking. I show that the tracking, knowledge, Nash Equilibrium, swamping problem, tracking, value problem. In honor of Luciano Floridi, for his the solar system was formed and what laws govern its motions. The laws govern the motion of a planet

  2. Boundary value problems for the one-dimensional Willmore equation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grunau, Hans-Christoph

    Boundary value problems for the one-dimensional Willmore equation Klaus Deckelnick and Hans­known that the corresponding surface has to satisfy the Willmore equation H + 2H(H2 - K) = 0 on , (1) e-mail: Klaus Willmore surfaces of prescribed genus has been proved by Simon [Sn] and Bauer & Kuwert [BK]. Also, local

  3. A Navier boundary value problem for Willmore surfaces of revolution #

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grunau, Hans-Christoph

    A Navier boundary value problem for Willmore surfaces of revolution # Klaus Deckelnick + and Hans Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG) is gratefully acknowledged + e­mail: Klaus.Deckelnick@ovgu.de # e­mail: Hans of closed Willmore surfaces of prescribed genus was proved by Simon [Sn] and Bauer & Kuwert [BK]. Con

  4. Boundary value problems for the onedimensional Willmore equation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grunau, Hans-Christoph

    Boundary value problems for the one­dimensional Willmore equation Klaus Deckelnick # and Hans--known that the corresponding surface # has to satisfy the Willmore equation #H + 2H(H 2 -K) = 0 on #, (1) # e­mail: Klaus Willmore surfaces of prescribed genus has been proved by Simon [Sn] and Bauer & Kuwert [BK]. Also, local

  5. Economic Value of Ecosystem Services Provided by Agricultural Lands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demers, Nora Egan

    No reward for agricultural producers to provide ecosystem services 7 #12;Methods for Valuing Ecosystem's ecosystem service provision Contingent valuation: surveying people about their willingness-to-pay / accept in ecosystem service provision Replacement costs methods: costs of mitigating / replacing the service Factor

  6. Wavelet transforms for functions with values in Lebesgue spaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaiser, Cornelia

    Wavelet transforms for functions with values in Lebesgue spaces Cornelia Kaiser Universität Karlsruhe (TH), Germany Wavelets XI, San Diego August 1, 2005 in cooperation with Lutz Weis #12;Outline Introduction Continuous wavelet transform Further results and references Outline 1 Introduction 2 Continuous

  7. The Value of New Jersey's Ecosystem Services and Natural Capital

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The Value of New Jersey's Ecosystem Services and Natural Capital Robert Costanza Matthew Wilson services are are mainly provided by ecosystems. Examples of ecosystem services ("ecoservices") include of ecoservices in a variety of locations using a variety of valuation methods and applies them to New Jersey

  8. Facilitating Document Annotation using Content and Querying Value

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hristidis, Vagelis

    content management software (e.g., Microsoft SharePoint), allow users to share documents and annotate1 Facilitating Document Annotation using Content and Querying Value Eduardo J. Ruiz #1 , Vagelis the generation of the structured metadata by identifying documents that are likely to contain informa- tion

  9. Copyright IBM Corporation 2007 IBM Institute for Business Value

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to your electric power and / or natural gas usage on you total en usage patterns · Importance of corporate social responsibility and ethics Competition and consumer usage to change over the next five years? Source: 2007 IBM Institute for Business Value Residential

  10. An Aerospace Component Cost Modelling Study for Value Driven Design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to a Rolls-Royce aero-engine fan blade. An objective of the cost model is the allow engineers to understand optimisation. Keywords: Cost Engineering, Cost Modelling, Unit Cost, Value. 1 INTRODUCTION 1.1 Motivation Rolls-Royce plc has formed a new methods group called the Research and Technology Cost Engineering group

  11. Auditing School Facilities for High-Value Water

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Davis, University of

    Auditing School Facilities for High-Value Water Conservation Opportunities #12;· WaterWise has gallons). · WaterWise has surveyed over 150 schools throughout California. · Total annual savings based the top two water uses at elementary schools. · The total potential annual water savings from elementary

  12. An Approach to the Automated Determination of Host Information Value

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Beaver, Justin M [ORNL; Patton, Robert M [ORNL

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Enterprise networks are comprised of thousands of interconnected computer hosts, each of which is capable of creating, removing, and exchanging data according to the needs of their users. Thus, the distribution of high-value, sensitive, and proprietary information across enterprise networks is poorly managed and understood. A significant technology gap in information security is the inability to automatically quantify the value of the information contained on each host in a network. Such insight would allow an enterprise to scale its defenses, react intelligently to an intrusion, manage its configuration audits, and understand the leak potential in the event that a host is compromised. This paper outlines a novel approach to the automated determination of the value of the information contained on a host computer. It involves the classification of each text document on the host machine using the frequency of the document s terms and phrases. A host information value is computed using an enterprise-defined weighting schema and applying it to a host s document distribution. The method is adaptable to specific organizational information needs, requires manual intervention only during schema creation, and is repeatable and consistent regardless of changes in information on the host machines.

  13. Value-cognizant Speculative Concurrency Control Azer Bestavros

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    result in a higher value-added to the system. SCC-based protocols can bene t from the introduction. Pessimistic Concurrency Control (PCC) protocols Eswa76, Gray76] detect con icts as soon as they occur and resolve them using blocking. Optimistic Concurrency Control (OCC) protocols Boks87, Kung81] detect con

  14. IMPROVING CALIFORNIA WATER MANAGEMENT: OPTIMIZING VALUE AND FLEXIBILITY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pasternack, Gregory B.

    are: 1) "Shortage" is an imprecise and outmoded concept for water management in California. Economicv IMPROVING CALIFORNIA WATER MANAGEMENT: OPTIMIZING VALUE AND FLEXIBILITY EXECUTIVE SUMMARY October of California http://cee.engr.ucdavis.edu/faculty/lund/CALVIN/ "When the well's dry, we know the worth of water

  15. QUADRATIC CONVERGENCE FOR VALUING AMERICAN OPTIONS USING A PENALTY METHOD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Forsyth, Peter A.

    QUADRATIC CONVERGENCE FOR VALUING AMERICAN OPTIONS USING A PENALTY METHOD P.A. FORSYTH AND K.R. VETZAL Abstract. The convergence of a penalty method for solving the discrete regularized American option valuation problem is studied. Sufficient conditions are derived which both guarantee conver- gence

  16. More Capability and Higher Value for Mission-Critical Databases

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chaudhuri, Surajit

    integration · Hybrid cloud extensibility This white paper discusses the key capabilities SQL Server 2012 and improve profitability. White Paper Intel® Xeon® Processor E7-8800/4800/2800 Product Families Microsoft SQL Server* 2012 #12;2 White Paper: More Capability and Higher Value for Mission-Critical Databases Data

  17. IBM Global Business Services IBM Institute for Business Value

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The automotive industry is in a state of flux. Automakers, along with their partners, must respond.Collaborationthroughout the automotive value net will be a necessity. · Theimpactofexternalforcesonthe industry will continue the industry is seeking to attract. The automotive ecosystem is in the midst of significant change

  18. Flexibility Strategy Valuing Flexible Product Options Prithviraj Banerjee

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Weck, Olivier L.

    Flexibility Strategy ­ Valuing Flexible Product Options Prithviraj Banerjee Olivier L. de that we see around us nowadays. Flexibility can be understood as the innate ability of a system or product levels during later stages of its lifecycle. Usually the range of expected behavior is fixed

  19. The 2009 Outlook for Texas Rural Land Values 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Klinefelter, Danny A.

    2009-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

    use. When a market is Danny Klinfelter* E-550 3/09 The 2009 Outlook for Texas Rural Land Values Agriculture and the 2008 Credit Crisis in equilibrium, only the top producers would actually earn a profit through superior management, while...

  20. S isotope values of dissolved sulfate (SO4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pichler, Thomas

    Groundwater contamination Æ d34 S Æ Florida Æ USA Introduction Ground and surface water contamination sulfate and heavy metal con- centrations in combination with low pH values (Charlet and others 2001 metals released due to water-rock interaction will make it increasingly difficult to distinguish between