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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "measured real gdp" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Requiem for the unit root in per capita real GDP? Additional evidence from historical data  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present new evidence on the uncertain nature of nonstationarity – that is, trend stationarity vs. difference stationarity – of aggregate per capita real output, by submitting to a composite testing procedure a...

Edoardo Gaffeo; Marco Gallegati; Mauro Gallegati

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

Electricity demand, GDP and employment: evidence from Italy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper applies time series methodologies to examine the causal relationship among electricity demand, real per capita GDP and total labor force for Italy from 1970 to 2009. After a brief introduction, a su...

Cosimo Magazzino

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

"Table 2. Real Gross Domestic Product Growth Trends, Projected...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Real Gross Domestic Product Growth Trends, Projected vs. Actual" "Projected Real GDP Growth Trend" " cumulative average percent growth in projected real GDP from first year shown...

4

Real Time Tailpipe Emission Measurements | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Real Time Tailpipe Emission Measurements Real Time Tailpipe Emission Measurements 2002 DEER Conference Presentation: Brookhaven National Laboratory 2002deerimre.pdf More...

5

The link between energy and GDP in developing countries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Historical studies of the energy-demand patterns of the industrial countries show increasing energy intensity followed by decreasing intensity. To explore the energy intensity patterns of developing countries, a data base was assembled for 38 developing countries. The data base contains estimates of per capita energy demand and GDP for 1950, 1960, 1970 and 1980. If the GDP is measured using the purchasing power parity method, analysis of the data base demonstrates an increase in energy intensity as countries develop.

David B. Reister

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

MATH 810 REAL ANALYSIS HW 3. Measurable functions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MATH 810 ­ REAL ANALYSIS HW 3. Measurable functions Due 10/15/12 1. Let (X, M, µ) be a measure space and let f : X R be a measurable function. Show that A = {E R : f-1 (E) is measurable } is a -algebra. 2. Let (X, M, µ) be a measure space and let f : X R be a measurable function. Show f-1 (B

Torres, Rodolfo

7

Definition: Real-Time Load Measurement And Management | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Management Management Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Real-Time Load Measurement And Management This function provides real-time measurement of customer consumption and management of load through Advanced Metering Infrastructure (AMI) systems (smart meters, two-way communications) and embedded appliance controllers that help customers make informed energy use decisions via real-time price signals, time-of-use (TOU) rates, and service options.[1] Related Terms advanced metering infrastructure, time-of-use pricing, smart grid References ↑ SmartGrid.gov 'Description of Functions' An in LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. line Glossary Definition Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Real-Time_Load_Measurement_And_Management&oldid=493115

8

Measuring "Real World" Heavy-Duty Diesel Emissions with a Mobile...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Measuring "Real World" Heavy-Duty Diesel Emissions with a Mobile Lab Measuring "Real World" Heavy-Duty Diesel Emissions with a Mobile Lab 2002 DEER Conference Presentation:...

9

Real-Time Redox Measurements during Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress Reveal  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Real-Time Redox Measurements during Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress Reveal Interlinked Protein Folding.10.011 SUMMARY Disruption of protein folding in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) causes unfolded proteins to accumu is active. Because ER redox po- tential is optimized for oxidative protein folding, we reasoned

Mullins, Dyche

10

High-Energy, Pulsed-Laser Diagnostics for Real-Time Measurements...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Energy, Pulsed-Laser Diagnostics for Real-Time Measurements of Reciprocating Engine PM Emissions High-Energy, Pulsed-Laser Diagnostics for Real-Time Measurements of Reciprocating...

11

Real-world Quantum Sensors: Evaluating Resources for Precision Measurement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Quantum physics holds the promise of enabling certain tasks with better performance than possible when only classical resources are employed. The quantum phenomena present in many experiments signify nonclassical behavior, but do not always imply superior performance. Quantifying the enhancement achieved from quantum behavior requires careful analysis of the resources involved. We analyze the specific case of parameter estimation using an optical interferometer, where increased precision can be achieved using quantum probe states. Common performance measures are examined and it is shown that some overestimate the improvement. For the simplest experimental case we compare the different measures and show this overestimate explicitly. We give the preferred analysis of real-world experiments and calculate benchmark values for experimental parameters necessary to realize a precision enhancement.

Nicholas Thomas-Peter; Brian J Smith; Animesh Datta; Lijian Zhang; Uwe Dorner; Ian A Walmsley

2011-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

12

New Contract Helps Portsmouth GDP Cleanup | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Contract Helps Portsmouth GDP Cleanup Contract Helps Portsmouth GDP Cleanup New Contract Helps Portsmouth GDP Cleanup August 18, 2010 - 10:47am Addthis Elizabeth Meckes Elizabeth Meckes Director of User Experience & Digital Technologies, Office of Public Affairs Last week, we took a closer look at the dismantling of the final W62 warhead, a major milestone in the nation's efforts to reduce the amount of nuclear weapons in its stockpile. But after five decades of nuclear weapons production, the Cold War didn't just create a stockpile -- it left 1.5 million cubic meters of solid waste and 88 million gallons of liquid waste. This waste requires treatment and permanent safe storage in gaseous diffusion plants, like the Portsmouth Gaseous Diffusion Plant (GDP) in south-central Ohio. This week, the Department of Energy accelerated Portsmouth GDP cleanup

13

Real-time shadow moire vibration measurement: method featuring simple setup, high sensitivity, and exact calibration  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A new, simple low-cost method is presented for real-time measurement of arbitrary vibrations using the shadow moire technique. It is shown, by comparing with holographic measurements,...

Dirckx, J J J; Decraemer, W F; Janssens, J L

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Real-Time Measurement of Diesel Trap Efficiency | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Update on 2007 Diesel Particulate Measurement Research 2007 Diesel Particulate Measurement Research (E-66 Project) Evaluation of the European PMP Methodologies Using...

15

Using Transient Electrical Measurements for Real-Time Monitoring of Battery State-of-Charge  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

system. I. INTRODUCTION Future energy-storage systems are likely to use lithium- ion batteries because regulate efficiency and power availability in battery-based systems, it is important to have a robust realUsing Transient Electrical Measurements for Real-Time Monitoring of Battery State

Nasipuri, Asis

16

Energy Saving Measures of Heating Network - Computerized Real-time Control System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ICEBO2006, Shenzhen, ChinaHVAC Technologies for Energy Efficiency, Vol. IV-12-9 Energy Saving Measures of Heating Network ?Computerized Real-time Control System Jieyan Zhang Service Bureau, Deputy-director, State...

Zhang, J.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

IN SITU Device for Real-Time Catalyst Deactivation Measurements  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

SCR catalyst management has become an important operations and maintenance activity for coal-fired utility boilers in the United States. To facilitate this activity, a method to determine Catalyst Activity in situ is being developed. This report describes the methodology and presents the results of a two ozone season demonstration conducted at Alabama Power Company's Gorgas Unit 10 during the 2005 and 2006 ozone seasons. The results showed that the in situ measurements are in good agreement with the laboratory measurements and the technique has some advantages over the traditional laboratory method of determining Catalyst Activity and Reactor Potential. SCR Performance is determined by the overall Reactor Potential (the product of the Catalyst Activity and the available surface area per unit of flue gas). The in situ approach provides a direct measurement of Reactor Potential under actual operating conditions, whereas laboratory measurements of Catalyst Activity need to be coupled with estimates of catalyst pluggage and flue gas flowrate in order to assess Reactor Potential. The project also showed that the in situ activity results can easily be integrated into catalyst management software to aid in making informed catalyst decisions.

Fossil Energy Research

2008-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

18

Research of Real Estate Bubble Measurements Based on Ramsey Model – A Case Study of Nanning in China  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Real estate bubble has become one of the serious problems that influence the economy sustainable development in our country. This paper employs Ramsey model to make measurement analysis on real estate bubbles in ...

Xiekui Zhang; Defu Wu

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Real-time vibration measurement by a spatial phase-shifting technique with a tilted holographic interferogram  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Real-time vibration measurement by a tilted holographic interferogram is presented that utilizes the real-time digital fringe processor of a video signal. Three intensity data sampled...

Nakadate, Suezou; Isshiki, Masaki

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

The effects of energy policies in China on energy consumption and GDP1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The effects of energy policies in China on energy consumption and GDP1 Ming-Jie Lu, C.-Y. Cynthia consumption and GDP for several industries. We not only analyze the effects of multiple types of energy impact different kinds of energy consumption and the GDP of different kinds of industries using

Lin, C.-Y. Cynthia

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "measured real gdp" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Real-time MSE measurements for current profile control on KSTAR  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

To step up from current day fusion experiments to power producing fusion reactors, it is necessary to control long pulse, burning plasmas. Stability and confinement properties of tokamak fusion reactors are determined by the current or q profile. In order to control the q profile, it is necessary to measure it in real-time. A real-time motional Stark effect diagnostic is being developed at Korean Superconducting Tokamak for Advanced Research for this purpose. This paper focuses on 3 topics important for real-time measurements: minimize the use of ad hoc parameters, minimize external influences and a robust and fast analysis algorithm. Specifically, we have looked into extracting the retardance of the photo-elastic modulators from the signal itself, minimizing the influence of overlapping beam spectra by optimizing the optical filter design and a multi-channel, multiharmonic phase locking algorithm.

De Bock, M. F. M.; Aussems, D.; Huijgen, R.; Scheffer, M. [Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven (Netherlands); Chung, J. [National Fusion Research Institute, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

22

Filter loading corrections for real-time aethalometer measurements of fresh  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Filter loading corrections for real-time aethalometer measurements of fresh Filter loading corrections for real-time aethalometer measurements of fresh diesel soot. (2007) Title Filter loading corrections for real-time aethalometer measurements of fresh diesel soot. (2007) Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2007 Authors Jimenez, Jorge, Candis S. Claiborn, Timothy Larson, Thomas W. Kirchstetter, and Lara A. Gundel Journal Journal of Air and Waste Management Association Volume 57 Issue 7 Pagination 868-873 Abstract In this study, a correction was developed for the aethalometer to measure real-time black carbon (BC) concentrations in an environment dominated by fresh diesel soot. The relationship between the actual mass-specific absorption coefficient for BC and the BC-dependent attenuation coefficients was determined from experiments conducted in a diesel exposure chamber that provided constant concentrations of fine particulate matter (PM; PM(2.5); PM < 2.5 microm in aerodynamic diameter) from diesel exhaust. The aethalometer reported BC concentrations decreasing with time from 48.1 to 31.5 microg m(-3) when exposed to constant PM(2.5) concentrations of 55 +/- 1 microg m(-3) and b(scat) = 95 +/- 3 Mm(-1) from diesel exhaust. This apparent decrease in reported light-absorbing PM concentration was used to derive a correction K(ATN) for loading of strong light-absorbing particles onto or into the aethalometer filter tape, which was a function of attenuation of light at 880 nm by the embedded particles

23

An Architecture for Distributed Real-Time Passive Network Measurement Tilman Wolf, Ramaswamy Ramaswamy, Siddhartha Bunga, and Ning Yang  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An Architecture for Distributed Real-Time Passive Network Measurement Tilman Wolf, Ramaswamy network information be- tween several measurement nodes placed at different loca- tions in the network-processing them on the measurement node itself. Real-time queries are implemented by breaking them down

Shenoy, Prashant

24

Improved process control through real-time measurement of mineral content  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In a highly collaborative research and development project with mining and university partners, sensors and data-analysis tools are being developed for rock-mass characterization and real-time measurement of mineral content. Determining mineralogy prior to mucking in an open-pit mine is important for routing the material to the appropriate processing stream. A possible alternative to lab assay of dust and cuttings obtained from drill holes is continuous on-line sampling and real-time x-ray fluorescence (XRF) spectroscopy. Results presented demonstrate that statistical analyses combined with XRF data can be employed to identify minerals and, possibly, different rock types. The objective is to create a detailed three-dimensional mineralogical map in real time that would improve downstream process efficiency.

Turler, Daniel; Karaca, Murat; Davis, William B.; Giauque, Robert D.; Hopkins, Deborah

2001-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

25

Real-time electron density measurements from Cotton-Mouton effect in JET machine  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Real-time density profile measurements are essential for advanced fusion tokamak operation and interferometry is a proven method for this task. Nevertheless, as a consequence of edge localized modes, pellet injections, fast density increases, or disruptions, the interferometer is subject to fringe jumps, which produce loss of the signal preventing reliable use of the measured density in a real-time feedback controller. An alternative method to measure the density is polarimetry based on the Cotton-Mouton effect, which is proportional to the line-integrated electron density. A new analysis approach has been implemented and tested to verify the reliability of the Cotton-Mouton measurements for a wide range of plasma parameters and to compare the density evaluated from polarimetry with that from interferometry. The density measurements based on polarimetry are going to be integrated in the real-time control system of JET since the difference with the interferometry is within one fringe for more than 90% of the cases.

Brombin, M. [Consorzio RFX, Associazione EURATOM-ENEA, Corso Stati Uniti 4, 35127 Padova (Italy); Electrical Engineering Department, Padova University, via Gradenigo 6-A, 35131 Padova (Italy); Boboc, A.; Zabeo, L. [EURATOM/UKAEA Fusion Association, Culham Science Centre, OX14 3DB Abingdon (United Kingdom); Murari, A. [Consorzio RFX, Associazione EURATOM-ENEA, Corso Stati Uniti 4, 35127 Padova (Italy)

2008-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

26

Loading Effect Correction for Real-Time Aethalometer Measurements of Fresh  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Loading Effect Correction for Real-Time Aethalometer Measurements of Fresh Loading Effect Correction for Real-Time Aethalometer Measurements of Fresh Diesel Soot Title Loading Effect Correction for Real-Time Aethalometer Measurements of Fresh Diesel Soot Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2007 Authors Jimenez, Jorge, Candis S. Claiborn, Timothy Larson, Timothy Gould, Thomas W. Kirchstetter, and Lara A. Gundel Journal Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association Volume 57 Issue 7 Pagination 868-873 Abstract In this study, a correction was developed for the aethalometer to measure real-time black carbon (BC) concentrations in an environment dominated by fresh diesel soot. The relationship between the actual mass-specific absorption co-efficient for BC and the BC-dependent attenuation coefficients was determined from experiments conducted in a diesel exposure chamber that provided constant concentrations of fine particulate matter (PM; PM2.5; PM <2.5 μm aerodynamic diameter) from diesel exhaust. The aethalometer reported BC concentrations decreasing with time from 48.1 to 31.5 μg m-3 when exposed to constant PM2.5 concentrations of 55 ± 1 μg m-3 and bscat 95 ± 3Mm-1 from diesel exhaust. This apparent decrease in reported light-absorbing PM concentration was used to derive a correction K (ATN) for loading of strong light-absorbing particles onto or into the aethalometer filter tape, which was a function of attenuation of light at 880 nm by the embedded particles.

27

EMEF DMC EFS-95-004 GDP TURNOVER CONTINGENCY PLANNING POWER CONTRACTIN...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

111111111111111111111111 EMEF DMC EFS-95-004 GDP TURNOVER CONTINGENCY PLANNING POWER CONTRACTING OPTIONS This document is approved f()i puolic release per review by: er "-...

28

Real-Time Measurement of Material Elastic Properties in a High Gamma Irradiation Environment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper describes the first noncontact elastic vibration measurements of an object in a high gamma radiation field. Using a laser-coupled resonant ultrasound technique, the vibration modes of an Inconel hollow capped cylinder were measured as the gamma radiation field was increased to 104 Gy/h. This measurement technique allowed shifts in the resonant frequency of the sample’s vibration modes to be tracked over a 170-h period. The vibration mode frequencies changed in a manner consistent with the temperature dependence of the elastic stiffness coefficients of the material. These results demonstrate the efficacy of the laser approach for real-time resonant ultrasound measurements in this severely hostile nuclear environment.

Ken Telschow; Rob Schley; Dave Cottle

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Real-Time Measurement of Material Elastic Properties in a High Gamma Irradiation Environment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper describes the first noncontact elastic vibration measurements of an object in a high gamma radiation field. Using a laser-coupled resonant ultrasound technique, the vibration modes of an Inconel hollow capped cylinder were measured as the gamma radiation field was increased to 104 Gy/h. This measurement technique allowed shifts in the resonant frequency of the sample's vibration modes to be tracked over a 170 h period. The vibration mode frequencies changed in a manner consistent with the temperature dependence of the elastic stiffness coefficients of the material. These results demonstrate the efficacy of the laser approach for real-time resonant ultrasound measurements in this severely hostile nuclear environment.

Robert S. Schley; Kenneth L. Telschow; John B. Walter; David L. Cottle

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Real time cosmology - A direct measure of the expansion rate of the Universe  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In recent years cosmology has undergone a revolution, with precise measurements of the microwave background radiation, large galaxy redshift surveys, and the discovery of the recent accelerated expansion of the Universe using observations of distant supernovae. In this light, the SKA enables us to do an ultimate test in cosmology by measuring the expansion rate of the Universe in real time. This can be done by a rather simple experiment of observing the neutral hydrogen (HI) signal of galaxies at two different epochs. The signal will encounter a change in frequency imprinted as the Universe expands over time and thus monitoring the drift in frequencies will provide a real time measure of the cosmic acceleration. Over a period of 12 years one would expected a frequency shift of the order of 0.1 Hz assuming a standard Lambda-CDM cosmology. Based on the sensitivity estimates of the SKA and the number counts of the expected HI galaxies, it is shown that the number counts are sufficiently high to compensate for th...

Klöckner, H -R; Martins, C; Raccanelli, A; Champion, D; Roy, A; Lobanov, A; Wagner, J; Keller, R

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF THIN GDP SHELLS USED AS CRYOGENIC DIRECT DRIVE TARGETS AT OMEGA  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

OAK-B135 Thin glow discharge polymer (GDP) shells are currently used as the targets for cryogenic direct drive laser fusion experiments. These shells need to be filled with nearly 1000 atm of D{sub 2} and cooled to cryogenic temperatures without failing due to buckling and bursting pressures they experience in this process. Therefore, the mechanical and permeation properties of these shells are of utmost importance in successful and rapid filling with D{sub 2}. In this paper, they present an overview of buckle and burst pressures of several different types of GDP shells. These include those made using traditional GDP deposition parameters (standard GDP) using a high deposition pressure and using modified parameters (strong GDP) of low deposition pressure that leads to more robust shells.

NIKROO,A; CZECHOWICZ,D; CHEN,K.C; DICKEN,M; MORRIS,C; ANDREWS,R; GREENWOOD,A.L; CASTILLO,E

2003-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Applications of radioactive tracer technology in the real-time measurement of wear and corrosion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Radioactive tracer technology has been used for many years as a tool to make highly sensitive real-time measurements of wear and corrosion. With this technique, the material of interest is tagged with radioactive isotopes through either direct activation of a relatively small number of atoms in the component itself, or implantation of radioactive isotopes. As the component wears or corrodes under test, radioactive atoms are transported from the surface in the form of wear particles or corrosion products. Wear or corrosion is measured in real-time through either interrogation of the buildup of radioactivity in the transport fluid, or by the reduction in activity of the labeled wear component. The process involves selection of an appropriate labeling technique, labeling of a component or components of interest, calibration, testing and data reduction and analysis. Although the majority of the work performed has been in the automotive engine and lubricant industry, Southwest Research Institute® has recently extended the application into other fields, such as hydraulic pump wear, prosthetic hip joint wear, wear in marine engines and crude oil corrosivity. This paper discusses the various techniques employed to label components of interest, the advantages of the techniques, and gives several examples of current applications of this technology.

D.C. Eberle; C.M. Wall; M.B. Treuhaft

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Posters Objective Analysis Schemes to Monitor Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Data in Near Real-Time  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

7 7 Posters Objective Analysis Schemes to Monitor Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Data in Near Real-Time M. Splitt University of Oklahoma Norman, Oklahoma Recent work in this area by Charles Wade (1987) lays out the groundwork for monitoring data quality for projects with large networks of instruments such as the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program. Wade generated objectively analyzed fields of meteorological variables (temperature, pressure, humidity, and wind) and then compared the objectively analyzed value at the sensor location with the value produced by the sensor. Wade used a Barne's objective analysis scheme to produce objective data values for a given meteorological variable (q) in two- dimensional space. The objectively analyzed value should

34

Real-Time Measurement of Rates of Outdoor Airflow into HVACSystems: A Field Study of Three Technologies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Technologies for real-time continuous measurement of the flow rates of outdoor air (OA) into HVAC systems are now available commercially. Our prior papers reported on laboratory-based evaluations of these measurement technologies and this document describes the methods and results of a field study of the accuracy of three of these technologies. From the field study data, we determined that neither wind speed nor wind direction have an important adverse impact on measurement accuracy. The field study confirmed that these three measurement technologies can provide reasonably accurate measurements of outdoor air intake rates in field settings, if the pressure signals are measured with high accuracy. Some of the pressure transducers marketed for use with commercial HVAC systems were determined to be sufficiently accurate for this application. Given the significant impact of OA flow rates on both energy use and occupant health, more widespread use of technologies that provide for real time measurements of OA flow rates seems warranted.

Fisk, William J.; Sullivan, Douglas P.; Faulkner, David

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

EMEF DMC EFS-95-003 GDP TuRNOVER CONTINGENCY PLANNING POWER CONTRACT...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

5 11111111 EMEF DMC EFS-95-003 GDP TuRNOVER CONTINGENCY PLANNING POWER CONTRACT TERMINATION PROVISIONS AND CONSEQUENCES I JULY 1995 B. J. Kirby Power Systems Technology Program...

36

In-Situ Real Time Measurements of Molten Glass Properties, Final Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Energy Research Company (ERCo) of Staten Island, NY has developed a sensor capable of measuring in situ and in real time, both the elemental composition and the temperature of molten glass. A prototype sensor has been designed, constructed and tested in ERCo's laboratory. The sensor was used to collect atomic emission spectra from molten fiberglass via Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS). From these spectra, we were able to readily identify all elements of interest (B, Si, Ca, Fe, Mg, Na, Sr, Al). The high signal-to-background signals achieved suggest that data from the sensor can be used to determine elemental concentrations, either through calibration curves or using ERCo's calibrationless method. ERCo's technology fits in well with DOE's Glass Industry Technology Roadmap which emphasizes the need for accurate process and feedstock sensors. Listed first under technological barriers to increased production efficiency is the 'Inability to accurately measure and control the production process'. A large-scale glass melting furnace, developed by SenCer Inc. of Penn Yan, NY was installed in ERCo's laboratory to ensure that a large enough quantity of glass could be melted and held at temperature in the presence of the water-cooled laser sensor without solidifying the glass.

Robert De Saro; Joe Craparo

2007-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

37

Causal relationship between energy consumption and GDP in Tunisia: aggregated and disaggregated analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study investigates the causality between energy consumption and GDP in Tunisia for the 1980 to 2009 period at both aggregated and disaggregated levels as oil, natural gas, and electricity. To determine the Granger causality in the presence of cointegration between variables, a vector error correction model (VECM) is used instead of an autoregressive model (VAR). In the short-run, the neutrality hypothesis is supported between total energy consumption and GDP. This is also true between GDP and oil consumption in one hand and the gas consumption in other hand. Whereas a unidirectional is detected from electricity to the GDP is found (growth hypothesis). In the long-run, total energy consumption, in aggregate and disaggregated forms (gas and electricity) causes GDP (growth hypothesis). For against GDP causes oil consumption (conservation hypothesis). Consequently, the policy makers in Tunisia should place priority an increased commitment to aggregated and disaggregated energy consumption will stabilise the country's inefficient spending and allow it to have a stable income stream in the short-term to raise capital for its long-term investments.

Mehdi Abid; Rafaa Mraihi

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Real-Time Particulate Mass Measurements Pre and Post Diesel Particulat...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

2005deeranderson.pdf More Documents & Publications Advanced Radio Frequency-Based Sensors for Monitoring Diesel Particulate Filter Loading and Regeneration Real-Time...

39

Loading Effect Correction for Real-time Aethalometer Measurements of Fresh Diesel Soot  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this study, a correction was developed for the aethalometer to measure real-time black carbon (BC) concentrations in an environment dominated by fresh diesel soot. The relationship between the actual mass-specific absorption coefficient for BC and the BC-dependent attenuation coefficients was determined from experiments conducted in a diesel exposure chamber that provided constant concentrations of fine particulate matter (PM; PM(2.5); PM < 2.5 microm in aerodynamic diameter) from diesel exhaust. The aethalometer reported BC concentrations decreasing with time from 48.1 to 31.5 microg m(-3) when exposed to constant PM(2.5) concentrations of 55 +/- 1 microg m(-3) and b(scat) = 95 +/- 3 Mm(-1) from diesel exhaust. This apparent decrease in reported light-absorbing PM concentration was used to derive a correction K(ATN) for loading of strong light-absorbing particles onto or into the aethalometer filter tape, which was a function of attenuation of light at 880 nm by the embedded particles.

Jimenez, Jorge; Claiborn, Candis; Larson, Timothy; Gould, Timothy; Kirchstetter, Thomas W.; Gundel, Lara

2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

DEVELOPMENT OF AN ON-LINE, REAL-TIME ALPHA RADIATION MEASURING INSTRUMENT FOR LIQUID STREAMS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The US Department of Energy (DOE) has expressed a need for an on-line, real-time instrument for assaying alpha-emitting radionuclides (uranium and the transuranics) in effluent waters leaving DOE sites to ensure compliance with regulatory limits. Due to the short range of alpha particles in water ({approximately}40 Im), it is necessary now to intermittently collect samples of water and send them to a central laboratory for analysis. A lengthy and costly procedure is used to separate and measure the radionuclides from each sample. Large variations in radionuclide concentrations in the water may go undetected due to the sporadic sampling. Even when detected, the reading may not be representative of the actual stream concentration. To address these issues, the Advanced Technologies Group of Thermo Power Corporation (a Thermo Electron company) is developing a real-time, field-deployable alpha monitor based on a solid-state silicon wafer semiconductor (US Patent 5,652,013 and pending, assigned to the US Department of Energy). The Thermo Water Alpha Monitor will serve to monitor effluent water streams (Subsurface Contaminants Focus Area) and will be suitable for process control of remediation as well as decontamination and decommissioning (D and D) operations, such as monitoring scrubber or rinse water radioactivity levels (Mixed Waste, Plutonium, and D and D Focus Area). It would be applicable for assaying other liquids, such as oil, or solids after proper preconditioning. Rapid isotopic alpha air monitoring is also possible using this technology. This report details the program's accomplishments to date. Most significantly, the Alpha Monitoring Instrument was successfully field demonstrated on water 100X below the Environmental Protection Agency's proposed safe drinking water limit--down to under 1 pCi/1. During the Field Test, the Alpha Monitoring Instrument successfully analyzed isotopic uranium levels on a total of five different surface water, process water, and ground water streams (the primary water types of interest to the DOE). As an example of the user demand for such an analytical instrument, a portion of the Field Test for the Alpha Monitoring Instrument was on the DOE's Oak Ridge Reservation, at two test locations in the Y-12 Site's Bear Creek Valley.

Unknown

1999-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "measured real gdp" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Helix Dipole Movement and Conformational Variability Contribute to Allosteric GDP Release in G[alpha] Subunits  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Heterotrimeric G proteins (Galphabetagamma) transmit signals from activated G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) to downstream effectors through a guanine nucleotide signaling cycle. Numerous studies indicate that the carboxy-terminal alpha5 helix of Galpha subunits participates in Galpha-receptor binding, and previous EPR studies suggest this receptor-mediated interaction induces a rotation and translation of the alpha5 helix of the Galpha subunit [Oldham, W. M., et al. (2006) Nat. Struct. Mol. Biol. 13, 772-777]. On the basis of this result, an engineered disulfide bond was designed to constrain the alpha5 helix of Galpha(i1) into its EPR-measured receptor-associated conformation through the introduction of cysteines at position 56 in the alpha1 helix and position 333 in the alpha5 helix (I56C/Q333C Galpha(i1)). A functional mimetic of the EPR-measured alpha5 helix dipole movement upon receptor association was additionally created by introduction of a positive charge at the amino terminus of this helix, D328R Galpha(i1). Both proteins exhibit a dramatically elevated level of basal nucleotide exchange. The 2.9 A resolution crystal structure of I56C/Q333C Galpha(i1) in complex with GDP-AlF(4)(-) reveals the shift of the alpha5 helix toward the guanine nucleotide binding site that is anticipated by EPR measurements. The structure of the I56C/Q333C Galpha(i1) subunit further revealed altered positions for the switch regions and throughout the Galpha(i1) subunit, accompanied by significantly elevated crystallographic temperature factors. Combined with previous evidence in the literature, the structural analysis supports the critical role of electrostatics of the alpha5 helix dipole and overall conformational variability during nucleotide release.

Preininger, Anita M.; Funk, Michael A.; Oldham, William M.; Meier, Scott M.; Johnston, Christopher A.; Adhikary, Suraj; Kimple, Adam J.; Siderovski, David P.; Hamm, Heidi E.; Iverson, Tina M.; (Vanderbilt); (UNC)

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Audience Measurement of Digital Signage: Quantitative Study in Real-World Environment Using Computer Vision  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......adaptive content in real time. We performed also a Kruskal-Wallis (K-W) test to determine the statistical significance...Spurrier J. D. On the null distribution of the Kruskal-Wallis statistic. J. Nonparametr. Stat. (2003) 15......

Robert Ravnik; Franc Solina

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

A Comprehensive Statistically-Based Method to Interpret Real-Time Flowing Measurements  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This project is motivated by the increasing use of distributed temperature sensors for real-time monitoring of complex wells (horizontal, multilateral and multi-branching wells) to infer the profiles of oil, gas, and water entry. Measured information can be used to interpret flow profiles along the wellbore including junction and build section. In this second project year, we have completed a forward model to predict temperature and pressure profiles in complex wells. As a comprehensive temperature model, we have developed an analytical reservoir flow model which takes into account Joule-Thomson effects in the near well vicinity and multiphase non-isothermal producing wellbore model, and couples those models accounting mass and heat transfer between them. For further inferences such as water coning or gas evaporation, we will need a numerical non-isothermal reservoir simulator, and unlike existing (thermal recovery, geothermal) simulators, it should capture subtle temperature change occurring in a normal production. We will show the results from the analytical coupled model (analytical reservoir solution coupled with numerical multi-segment well model) to infer the anomalous temperature or pressure profiles under various conditions, and the preliminary results from the numerical coupled reservoir model which solves full matrix including wellbore grids. We applied Ramey's model to the build section and used an enthalpy balance to infer the temperature profile at the junction. The multilateral wellbore temperature model was applied to a wide range of cases varying fluid thermal properties, absolute values of temperature and pressure, geothermal gradients, flow rates from each lateral, and the trajectories of each build section.

Pinan Dawkrajai; Keita Yoshioka; Analis A. Romero; Ding Zhu; A.D. Hill; Larry W. Lake

2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

REAL-TIME IN-SITU MEASUREMENT OF MATERIAL ELASTIC PROPERTIES IN A HIGH GAMMA IRRADIATION ENVIRONMENT  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The first measurements of elastic vibrations of an object in-situ to a high gamma irradiation field using a laser coupled resonant ultrasound method are described. A vibration mode of an Inconel hollow capped cylinder was measured throughout a period of 170 hours as the gamma radiation field was increased to 104 Gray/hour. The vibration mode frequency was observed to change in a manner consistent with the temperature dependence of the elastic stiffness coefficients of the material. These results illustrate the efficacy of the laser approach for real-time resonant ultrasound measurements in this severely hostile nuclear environment.

Ken Telschow; Rob Schley; Dave Cottle

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

An evaluation of technologies for real-time measurement of rates of outdoor airflow into HVAC systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

During the last few years, new technologies have been introduced for real-time continuous measurement of the flow rates of outdoor air (OA) into HVAC systems; however, an evaluation of these measurement technologies has not previously been published. This document describes a test system and protocols developed for a controlled evaluation of these measurement technologies. The results of tests of four commercially available measurement technologies and one prototype based on a new design are also summarized. The test system and protocol were judged practical and very useful. The series of tests identified three commercially available measurement technologies that should provide reasonably accurate measurements of OA flow rates as long as air velocities are maintained high enough to produce accurately measurable pressure signals. In HVAC systems with economizer controls, to maintain the required air velocities the OA intake will need to be divided into two sections in parallel, each with a separate OA damper. The errors in OA flow rates measured with the fourth commercially available measurement technology were 20% to 30% with horizontal probes but much larger with vertical probes. The new prototype measurement technology was the only one that appears suitable for measuring OA flow rates over their full range from 20% OA to 100% OA without using two separate OA dampers. All of the measurement devices had pressure drops that are likely to be judged acceptable. The influence of wind on the accuracy of these measurement technologies still needs to be evaluated.

Fisk, William J.; Faulkner, David; Sullivan, Douglas P.

2004-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Real-time tracking of highly articulated structures in the presence of noisy measurements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for several domains. In particu- lar there has been much interest in tracking human motion [9]. There are many) and can also be ap- plied to non-Gaussian statistics using a simple but power- ful trick. The resulting(N) algorithm and give timings which are essentially real-time, but make use of a powerful (but comparatively

Martin, Ralph R.

47

Energy-GDP decoupling in a second best world -A case study on India Cline Guivarcha,*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

too optimistic views on spontaneous energy-GDP decoupling of emerging countries economies projections from MERGE for China with recent trends, the World Energy Outlook 2007 (IEA, 2007 the specificities of the developing countries' energy systems. In particular, it appears that most models neglect

Boyer, Edmond

48

GDP Formulation of a segmented CDU Swing Cut Model for Refinery Planning  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AGO HGO HFO RG LPG R95 R100 RG LPG CN CGO RG Refinery Operation and Management - J.P. Favennec Crude1 GDP Formulation of a segmented CDU Swing Cut Model for Refinery Planning (Performance Analysis. Grossmann #12;2 Motivation · Refinery planning is an active area in process systems that strongly relies

Grossmann, Ignacio E.

49

GDP Formulation of a segmented CDU Swing Cut Model for Refinery Planning  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

RG LPG R95 R100 RG LPG CN CGO RG Refinery Operation and Management - J.P. Favennec Crude Distillation1 GDP Formulation of a segmented CDU Swing Cut Model for Refinery Planning Department of Chemical · Refinery planning is an active area in process systems that strongly relies on the accuracy of the CDU

Grossmann, Ignacio E.

50

Invisible income and scattered poverty While the possession of real estate has become a central element of the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Invisible income and scattered poverty While the possession of real estate has become a central of invisible income can add up to one-third of the GDP. Optimistic analysts treat the wealth from this income

Birmingham, University of

51

Investigating the impact of nuclear energy consumption on GDP growth and CO2 emission: A panel data analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This study investigates the influence of nuclear energy consumption on GDP growth and CO2 emission in 30 major nuclear energy consuming countries. The panel mode was used taking the period 1990–2010. The results of the study indicated that nuclear energy consumption has a positive long run effect on GDP growth while it has no long run effect on CO2 emission. The Granger causality test results also revealed that nuclear energy consumption has a positive short run causal relationship with GDP growth while it has a negative short run causal relationship with CO2 emission. Based on the results of this study, nuclear energy consumption has an important role in increasing GDP growth in the investigated countries with no effect on CO2 emission. Consequently, unlike fossil fuels which also increase GDP growth, nuclear energy consumption causes less damage to the environment. From the results of the study, a number of recommendations were provided for the investigated countries.

Usama Al-mulali

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

DEVELOPMENT OF AN ON-LINE, REAL-TIME ALPHA RADIATION MEASURING INSTRUMENT FOR LIQUID STREAMS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Thermo Power Corporation has proven the technical viability of an on-line, real-time alpha radionuclide instrument for aqueous sample analysis through laboratory and initial field tests of the instrument. The instrument has been shown to be isotonically sensitive to extremely low (ten parts per trillion, or femto Curies per liter) levels of a broad range of radioisotopes. Performance enhancement and other scaling data obtained during the course of this investigation have shown that on-line, real-time operation is possible, with a sub 30-minute response time analyzing 20 ppb (30 pCi/1) natural uranium. Now that these initial field tests in Oak Ridge, Tennessee have been successfully completed, Thermo Power plans to conduct comprehensive field tests of the instrument. The purpose of these endurance tests will be to determine the endurance characteristics of the Thermo Alpha Monitor for Water when it is used by non-Thermo Power personnel in a series of one or more extended field tests. Such endurance testing is the vital next step towards the commercialization of the Alpha Monitor. Subsequently, it will be possible to provide the DOE with an instrument that has the capability of obtaining rapid feedback about the concentrations of alpha-emitting isotope contamination in effluent water streams (Subsurface Contaminants Focus Area). It will also be useful for process control of remediation and D and D operations such as monitoring scrubber/rinse water radioactivity levels (Mixed Waste, Plutonium and D and D Focus Areas).

Unknown

1999-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

53

Measuring the influence of the greening design of the building environment on the urban real estate market in Taiwan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

To address the worsening problems of global warming and the urban heat island effect, ecological cities and building environment greening are being promoted in population-dense urban areas domestically and abroad. For example, the Japanese Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport, and Tourism announced the CASBEE-HI (Heat Island) assessment system in 2008 as a response to worsening urban warming and urban heat island effects. The Ministry implemented “Building Space Greening Plans” in Tokyo, Osaka, and other cities, enforcing by law the effective reduction of urban temperatures and improving urban living environments and alleviating the threat of urban ecological disasters. Therefore, this study integrates Taiwan domestic and foreign building space greening design, derived greening benefits, implementation promotion methods, and greening design policies as measurement constructs to examine the mutual influence between different constructs and to analyze the degree of influence on the urban real estate market. From the result, demonstrating that building space environment greening design does bring about positive benefits. In addition, the greening benefit was shown to have a positive impact on the urban real estate market. At the same time, greening promotion implementation method and urban policy standard both had a positive impact on the urban real estate market, demonstrating that government promotion of building environment greening design through urban design policy means is acceptable to the public.

Kuei-Feng Chang; Po-Cheng Chou

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

U.S. Motor Vehicle Output and Other GDP, 1968-2007  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Motor Vehicle Output and Other GDP, 1968-2007 Motor Vehicle Output and Other GDP, 1968-2007 Danilo J. Santini, Ph. D. Senior Economist Center for Transportation Research Argonne National Laboratory 9700 South Cass Avenue Phone: 630 252 3758 Fax: 630 252 3443 E-mail: dsantini@anl.gov David A Poyer, Ph.D. Associate Professor of Economics Morehouse College 830 Westview Dr. SW Atlanta, GA 30314 Phone: 404 681 2800, ext. 2553 E-mail: dpoyer@morehouse.edu THE 66th INTERNATIONAL ATLANTIC ECONOMIC CONFERENCE Montreal, Canada 9-12 October 2008 BUSINESS FLUCTUATIONS AND CYCLES 12 October 2008 Sunday 11:15 AM - 1:15 PM The submitted manuscript has been created by UChicago Argonne, LLC, Operator of Argonne National Laboratory ("Argonne"). Argonne, a U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science laboratory, is operated under Contract No. DE-AC02-06CH11357. . The U.S. Government

55

Study of the proton structure by measurements of polarization transfers in real Compton scattering at Jlab  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A preliminary analysis of polarization-transfer data at large scattering angle (70°), obtained in an experiment of real Compton scattering on proton, performed in Hall-C of Jefferson Lab, is presented. It is also discussed the relevance of this kind of experiments for shedding light on the non-perturbative structure of the proton, at low energy, and on the transition from the non-perturbative regime to the perturbative one, that occurs at high energy. Moreover, the possibility to extract Compton form factors and the Generalized Parton Distributions, one of the most promising theoretical tool to determine the total angular momentum contribution of quarks and gluons to nucleon spin, is emphasized.

Fanelli, Cristiano Fanelli; Cisbani, Evarostp; Hamilton, David; Salme, G.; Wojtsekhowski, Bogdan B. [JLAB

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

China's Pathways to Achieving 40percent 45percent Reduction in CO2 Emissions per Unit of GDP in 2020: Sectoral Outlook and Assessment of Savings Potential  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

reduction in energy consumption per unit of GDP from 2006 toEnergy Technologies Division Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Abstract Achieving China’s goal of reducing its carbon intensity (CO 2 per unit of GDP)

Zheng, Nina

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Field Instruments for Real Time In-Situ Crude Oil Concentration Measurements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Texas Water Resources Institute awarded a Mill Scholarship to M.C. Sterling, Jr in 2002. This project describes five sensors for rapid monitoring of crude oil concentrations in an aquatic system. These measurements are critical for monitoring...

Fuller, C. B.; Bonner, J. S.; Page, C. A.; Arrambide, G.; Sterling Jr., M. C.; Ojo, T.

58

Development of Real-Time Measurement of Effective Dose for High Dose Rate Neutron Fields  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Studies of the effects of low doses of ionizing radiation require sources of radiation which are well characterized in terms of the dose and the quality of the radiation. One of the best measures of the quality of neutron irradiation is the dose mean lineal energy. At very low dose rates this can be determined by measuring individual energy deposition events, and calculating the dose mean of the event size. However, at the dose rates that are normally required for biology experiments, the individual events can not be separated by radiation detectors. However, the total energy deposited in a specified time interval can be measured. This total energy has a random variation which depends on the size of the individual events, so the dose mean lineal energy can be calculated from the variance of repeated measurements of the energy deposited in a fixed time. We have developed a specialized charge integration circuit for the measurement of the charge produced in a small ion chamber in typical neutron irradiation experiments. We have also developed 4.3 mm diameter ion chambers with both tissue equivalent and carbon walls for the purpose of measuring dose mean lineal energy due to all radiations and due to all radiations except neutrons, respectively. By adjusting the gas pressure in the ion chamber, it can be made to simulate tissue volumes from a few nanometers to a few millimeters in diameter. The charge is integrated for 0.1 seconds, and the resulting pulse height is recorded by a multi channel analyzer. The system has been used in a variety of photon and neutron radiation fields, and measured values of dose and dose mean lineal energy are consistent with values extrapolated from measurements made by other techniques at much lower dose rates. It is expected that this technique will prove to be much more reliable than extrapolations from measurements made at low dose rates because these low dose rate exposures generally do not accurately reproduce the attenuation and scattering environment of the actual radiation exposure.

L. A. Braby; W. D. Reece; W. H. Hsu

2003-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

59

The Real Effects of Political Uncertainty: Elections, Information Flow, and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, inflation, variation of GDP growth, variation of inflation Intl: property rights protection, rule of law.340 international sample diff = 0.408 Result The link between investment and stock prices is even weaker whenThe Real Effects of Political Uncertainty: Elections, Information Flow, and Investment Efficiency

Lin, Xiaodong

60

Development of Scalable Cook?Off Models Using Real?Time In Situ Measurements  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Scalable thermal runaway models for cook?off of energetic materials (EMs) require realistic temperature? and pressure?dependent chemical reaction rates. The Sandia Instrumented Thermal Ignition apparatus was developed to provide in situ small?scale test data that address this model requirement. Spatially and temporally resolved internal temperature measurements have provided new insight into the energetic reactions occurring in PBX 9501 LX?10?2 and PBXN?109. The data have shown previously postulated reaction steps to be incorrect and suggest previously unknown reaction steps. Model adjustments based on these data have resulted in better predictions at a range of scales.

M. J. Kaneshige; A. M. Renlund; R. G. Schmitt; W. W. Erikson

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

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61

Development of scalable cook-off models using real-time in situ measurements.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Scalable thermal runaway models for cook-off of energetic materials (EMs) require realistic temperature- and pressure-dependent chemical reaction rates. The Sandia Instrumented Thermal Ignition apparatus was developed to provide in situ small-scale test data that address this model requirement. Spatially and temporally resolved internal temperature measurements have provided new insight into the energetic reactions occurring in PBX 9501, LX-10-2, and PBXN-109. The data have shown previously postulated reaction steps to be incorrect and suggest previously unknown reaction steps. Model adjustments based on these data have resulted in better predictions at a range of scales.

Schmitt, Robert Gerard; Renlund, Anita Mariana; Erikson, William Wilding; Kaneshige, Michael Jiro

2003-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Real space mapping of oxygen vacancy diffusion and electrochemical transformations by hysteretic current reversal curve measurements  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An excitation voltage biases an ionic conducting material sample over a nanoscale grid. The bias sweeps a modulated voltage with increasing maximal amplitudes. A current response is measured at grid locations. Current response reversal curves are mapped over maximal amplitudes of the bias cycles. Reversal curves are averaged over the grid for each bias cycle and mapped over maximal bias amplitudes for each bias cycle. Average reversal curve areas are mapped over maximal amplitudes of the bias cycles. Thresholds are determined for onset and ending of electrochemical activity. A predetermined number of bias sweeps may vary in frequency where each sweep has a constant number of cycles and reversal response curves may indicate ionic diffusion kinetics.

Kalinin, Sergei V.; Balke, Nina; Borisevich, Albina Y.; Jesse, Stephen; Maksymovych, Petro; Kim, Yunseok; Strelcov, Evgheni

2014-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

63

A COMPREHENSIVE STATISTICALLY-BASED METHOD TO INTERPRET REAL-TIME FLOWING MEASUREMENTS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this project, we are developing new methods for interpreting measurements in complex wells (horizontal, multilateral and multi-branching wells) to determine the profiles of oil, gas, and water entry. These methods are needed to take full advantage of ''smart'' well instrumentation, a technology that is rapidly evolving to provide the ability to continuously and permanently monitor downhole temperature, pressure, volumetric flow rate, and perhaps other fluid flow properties at many locations along a wellbore; and hence, to control and optimize well performance. In this first year, we have made considerable progress in the development of the forward model of temperature and pressure behavior in complex wells. In this period, we have progressed on three major parts of the forward problem of predicting the temperature and pressure behavior in complex wells. These three parts are the temperature and pressure behaviors in the reservoir near the wellbore, in the wellbore or laterals in the producing intervals, and in the build sections connecting the laterals, respectively. Many models exist to predict pressure behavior in reservoirs and wells, but these are almost always isothermal models. To predict temperature behavior we derived general mass, momentum, and energy balance equations for these parts of the complex well system. Analytical solutions for the reservoir and wellbore parts for certain special conditions show the magnitude of thermal effects that could occur. Our preliminary sensitivity analyses show that thermal effects caused by near-wellbore reservoir flow can cause temperature changes that are measurable with smart well technology. This is encouraging for the further development of the inverse model.

Pinan Dawkrajai; Analis A. Romero; Keita Yoshioka; Ding Zhu; A.D. Hill; Larry W. Lake

2004-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

A Comprehensive Statistically-Based Method to Interpret Real-Time Flowing Measurements  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

With the recent development of temperature measurement systems, continuous temperature profiles can be obtained with high precision. Small temperature changes can be detected by modern temperature measuring instruments such as fiber optic distributed temperature sensor (DTS) in intelligent completions and will potentially aid the diagnosis of downhole flow conditions. In vertical wells, since elevational geothermal changes make the wellbore temperature sensitive to the amount and the type of fluids produced, temperature logs can be used successfully to diagnose the downhole flow conditions. However, geothermal temperature changes along the wellbore being small for horizontal wells, interpretations of a temperature log become difficult. The primary temperature differences for each phase (oil, water, and gas) are caused by frictional effects. Therefore, in developing a thermal model for horizontal wellbore, subtle temperature changes must be accounted for. In this project, we have rigorously derived governing equations for a producing horizontal wellbore and developed a prediction model of the temperature and pressure by coupling the wellbore and reservoir equations. Also, we applied Ramey's model (1962) to the build section and used an energy balance to infer the temperature profile at the junction. The multilateral wellbore temperature model was applied to a wide range of cases at varying fluid thermal properties, absolute values of temperature and pressure, geothermal gradients, flow rates from each lateral, and the trajectories of each build section. With the prediction models developed, we present inversion studies of synthetic and field examples. These results are essential to identify water or gas entry, to guide flow control devices in intelligent completions, and to decide if reservoir stimulation is needed in particular horizontal sections. This study will complete and validate these inversion studies.

Keita Yoshioka; Pinan Dawkrajai; Analis A. Romero; Ding Zhu; A. D. Hill; Larry W. Lake

2007-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

65

Measure it, See it, Manage it: Using Real Time Data to Benchmark,Optimize, and Sustain System Energy Efficiency  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Even after years of training and awareness building at thestate and national level, industrial cross-cutting systems (motor-driven,steam, process heating) continue to offer significant opportunities forenergy savings. The US Department of Energy estimates these remainingsavings at more than 7 percent of all industrial energy use. This paperpresents a different approach to promoting industrial system energyefficiency -- providing plant personnel with ready access to data uponwhich to base energy management decisions.In 2005, a Del Monte Foodsfruit processing plant in Modesto, California worked with LawrenceBerkeley National Laboratory (LBNL)to specify and purchase permanentinstrumentation for monitoring their compressed air system. This work,completed as part of a demonstration project under a State TechnologiesAdvancement Collaborative (STAC) grant, was designed to demonstrate theeffectiveness of enterprise energy management (EEM), which is predicatedon the assumption that the energy efficiency of existing, cross-cuttingindustrial systems (motor-driven, steam) can be improved by providingmanagement and operating personnel with real-time data on energy use. Theinitial STAC grant provided for the installation and some initialanalyses, but did not address the larger issue of integrating these newdata into an ongoing energy management program for the compressed airsystem.The California Energy Commission (CEC) decided to support furtheranalysis to identify potential for air system optimization. Through theCEC's Energy in Agriculture Program, a compressed air system audit wasperformed by Tom Taranto to: Measure and document the system's baselineand CASE Index of present operation; Establish methods to sustain anongoing CASE Index measure of performance; Use AIRMaster+ to analyzesupply side performance as compared to the CASE Index; Identify demandside opportunities for efficiency and performance improvement; Assesssupply / demand balance and energy reduction opportunities; Evaluate thepresent air compressor control strategy and potential improvement, andCollect data to benchmark parameters for compressed air systems atsimilar facilities.This paper addresses the benefits and limitations ofboth continuous and targeted measurement in benchmarking, optimizing, andsustaining an efficient compressed air system. Included are methods usedin applying both of these measurements to a complex industrial system.Further, this paper will describe the results of these additionalanalyses and the plant response to them.

Taranto, Thomas; McKane, Aimee; Amon, Ricardo; Maulhardt, Michael

2007-07-02T23:59:59.000Z

66

Calculating Long-Term Trends in the Real Real Prices of Primary Commodities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Resources; Energy; Environment; Other Primary Products Q32 - Exhaustible Resources and Economic Development) index variously deflated by a manufacturing unit value index for exports to LDCs (MUV), the U.S. GDP) for a review of the PS literature. In the mid-1990s, the Boskin Commission report argued that measurement

67

The measurement of charge for induction-based fluidic MALDI dispense event and nanoliter volume verification in real time  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study preliminarily investigates whether nanoliter volumes of concentrated polar liquids and organic monomers launched to targets using induction based fluidics (IBF) can be verified through the real time...

Brent Hilker; Kevin J. Clifford…

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

In-Situ, Real-Time Measurement of Melt Constituents in the Aluminum, Glass, and Steel Industries  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Energy Research Company (ERCo), with support from DOE’s Industrial Technologies Program, Sensors and Automation has developed a Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS) probe to measure, in real time and in-situ, the composition of an aluminum melt in a furnace at an industrial plant. The compositional data is provided to the operator continuously allowing the operator to adjust the melt composition, saving energy, increasing production, and maintaining tighter compositional tolerances than has been previously possible. The overall objectives of this project were to: -- design, develop, fabricate, test and project future costs of the LIBS probe on bench-size experiments; - test the unit in a pilot-scaled aluminum furnace under varying operating conditions of temperature and melt constituents; -- determine the instruments needed for use in industrial environment; -- compare LIBS Probe data to readings traditionally taken on the furnace; -- get full-scale data to resolve if, and how, the LIBS Probe design should be modified for operator acceptance. Extensive laboratory tests have proven the concept feasibility. Elemental concentrations below 0.1% wt. have been accurately measured. Further, the LIBS system has now been installed and is operating at a Commonwealth Aluminum plant in Ohio. The technology is crosscutting as it can be used in a wide variety of applications. In the Sensors and Automation Program the application was for the secondary aluminum industry. However, this project spawned a number of other applications, which are also reported here for completeness. The project was effective in that two commercial systems are now operating; one at Commonwealth Aluminum and another at a PPG fiberglass plant. Other commercial installations are being negotiated as of this writing. This project led to the following conclusions: 1. The LIBS System has been developed for industrial applications. This is the first time this has been accomplished. In addition, two commercial installations have been completed; one at Commonwealth and another at PPG. 2. The system is easy to operate and requires no operator training. Calibration is not required. It is certified as eye safe. 3. The system is crosscutting and ERCo is evaluating seven applications, as reported in this report, and other applications to be reported later. 4. A business plan is being completed for each of the near term markets. ERCo is committed to achieving continued commercial success with the LIBS System. 5. A world wide patent has been issued. 6. The energy savings is substantial. The annual energy savings, by 2010, for each industry is estimated as follows: o Secondary Aluminum – 1.44 trillion Btu’s o Glass – 17 to 45 trillion Btu’s o Steel – Up to 26 trillion Btu’s

Robert De Saro

2006-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

69

The Long-Run Relationship between Money, Nominal GDP, and the Price Level in Venezuela: 1950 to 1996  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that structural breaks may be important. Since the economy depends heavily on oil revenue, oil price shocks haveThe Long-Run Relationship between Money, Nominal GDP, and the Price Level in Venezuela: 1950 and the price level in the Venezuelan economy. We apply time-series econometric techniques to annual data

Ahmad, Sajjad

70

Interactions between Rho \\{GTPases\\} and Rho GDP dissociation inhibitor (Rho-GDI)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Rho-GDP dissociation inhibitor (Rho-GDI) was used as bait in a two-hybrid screen of a human leucocyte cDNA library. Most of the isolated cDNAs encoded \\{GTPases\\} of the Rho subfamily: RhoA, B, C, Rac1, 2, CDC42 and RhoG. The newly discovered RhoH interacted very poorly with Rho-GDI. Another protein partner shared a homology with RhoA that points to Asp67RhoA-Arg68RhoA-Leu69RhoA as critical for interaction with Rho-GDI. A second screen with RhoA as bait led to the isolation of GDI only. In order to investigate the relative role of protein-protein and protein-lipid interactions between Rho \\{GTPases\\} and Rho-GDI, CAAX box mutants of RhoA were produced. They were found to interact with Rho-GDI as efficiently as wild type RhoA, indicating that protein-protein interactions alone lead to strong binding of the two proteins. The C-terminal polybasic region of RhoA was also shown to be a site of protein-protein interaction with Rho-GDI.

Julien Fauré; Marie-Claire Dagher

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Federal Real Property Council Guidance  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Federal Real Property Council Federal Real Property Council Guidance for Improved Asset Management December 22, 2004 Federal Real Property Council Guidance for Improved Asset Management Table of Contents I. Overview............................................................................. 1 II. Guiding Principles .................................................................... 3 III. Asset Management Plan - Required Components............................... 4 IV. Asset Management Plan - "Shelf Document".................................. 5 V. Inventory Data Elements and Performance Measures Definitions.......... 26 i Federal Real Property Council Guidance for Improved Asset Management I. Overview On February 4, 2004, President Bush signed Executive Order 13327, "Federal Real Property

72

Measuring Income and Projecting Energy Use  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Abstract: Energy is a key requirement for a healthy, productive life and a major driver of the emissions leading to an increasingly warm planet. The implications of a doubling and redoubling of per capita incomes over the remainder of this century for energy use are a critical input into understanding the magnitude of the carbon management problem. A substantial controversy about how the Special Report on Emssions Scenarios (SRES) measured income and the potential implications of how income was measured for long term levels of energy use is revisited again in the McKibbin, Pearce and Stegman article appearing elsewhere in this issue. The recent release of a new set of purchasing power estimates of national income, and the preparations for creating new scenarios to support the IPCC’s fifth assessment highlight the importance of the issues which have arisen surrounding income and energy use. Comparing the 1993 and 2005 ICP results on Purchasing Power Parity (PPP) based measures of income reveals that not only do the 2005 ICP estimates share the same issue of common growth rates for real income as measured by PPP and US $, but the lack of coherence in the estimates of PPP incomes, especially for developing countries raises yet another obstacle to resolving the best way to measure income. Further, the common use of an income term to mediate energy demand (as in the Kaya identity) obscures an underlying reality about per capita energy demands, leading to unreasonable estimates of the impact of changing income measures and of the recent high GDP growth rates in India and China. Significant new research is required to create both a reasonable set of GDP growth rates and long term levels of energy use.

Pitcher, Hugh M.

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

China's Pathways to Achieving 40percent 45percent Reduction in CO2 Emissions per Unit of GDP in 2020: Sectoral Outlook and Assessment of Savings Potential  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

goal of reducing its carbon intensity (CO 2 per unit of GDP)to achieve the 2020 carbon intensity reduction target. Thecommitted to reduce its carbon intensity (CO 2 per unit of

Zheng, Nina

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Nitric Oxide and Oxygen Radical Attack on GDP-Dissociation Inhibitor 2 (GDI-2) in Spinal Cord Injury of the Rat  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Nitric Oxide and Oxygen Radical Attack on GDP-Dissociation Inhibitor 2 (GDI-2) in Spinal Cord Injury of the Rat ... Herein, mass spectrometry unambiguously identified GDP-dissociation inhibitor-2 (GDI-2) in SCI with post-translational modifications of 3-aminotyrosine (8 h post-injury) and an acrolein adduct of GDI-2 (72 h post-injury). ... Protein profiling in SCI of the rat revealed that, at 8 h following the traumatic lesion, levels of a signalling protein, GDP-dissociation inhibitor-2 protein (GDI-2) (synonym:? Rab GDP dissociation inhibitor beta), were increased about 3-fold, and we therefore decided to use this potentially important signalling structure to study the presence of oxidation- and nitration-induced PTMs in SCI. ...

Julius Paul Pradeep John; Oliver Pintsov; Alexander Petter-Puchner; Heinz Redl; Arnold Pollak; Wei-Qiang Chen; Gert Lubec

2007-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

75

Three-point bending test at extremely high temperature enhanced by real-time observation and measurement  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract We developed a three-point bending test equipment with a heating chamber to provide a high temperature environment. An observation window was intentionally opened in the chamber wall for image capture. A high speed camera is integrated to record the surface evolution of the specimen through the observation window. The fixture stage for the specimens was made of Al2O3 ceramic (>99% pure) and could resist extremely high temperature. This testing platform provides the specimens with an environment that is up to 1600 °C in atmosphere for three-point bending test. Experiments were conducted for refractory alloy and C/SiC (carbon fiber reinforced silicon carbide composites) and the surface evolution of these specimens at high temperature was recorded. The crack propagation of the specimens was captured real-time and provided more detailed information for study of fracture behavior of the materials at high temperature.

Xufei Fang; Jingmin Jia; Xue Feng

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Is there causality from investment for real estate to carbon emission in China: A cointegration empirical study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper for the first time examines the EKC(environmental Kuznets curve) relationship for CO2 emission for China over the period of 1990-2009, employing of time series data and a multivariate model of carbon emission among GDP, investment for real estate, fixed capital, urban household and money (M1). The empirical result reveals that there is Granger causality running from investment for real estate, GDP and fixed capital to carbon emission in the long run. The result of this study also suggests that there is unidirectional Granger causality from M1 to real estate industry. Therefore, China's government should adapt economic development model to reduce carbon emission for example keeping the sustainable and rapid development of real estate.

Jinqiu Xu

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Spin rotation and birefringence effect for a particle in a high energy storage ring and measurement of the real part of the coherent elastic zero-angle scattering amplitude, electric and magnetic polarizabilities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the present paper the equations for the spin evolution of a particle in a storage ring are analyzed considering contributions from the tensor electric and magnetic polarizabilities of the particle. Study of spin rotation and birefringence effect for a particle in a high energy storage ring provides for measurement as the real part of the coherent elastic zero-angle scattering amplitude as well as tensor electric and magnetic polarizabilities. We proposed the method for measurement the real part of the elastic coherent zero-angle scattering amplitude of particles and nuclei in a storage ring by the paramagnetic resonance in the periodical in time nuclear pseudoelectric and pseudomagnetic fields.

V. G. Baryshevsky; A. A. Gurinovich

2005-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

78

Structural Studies of the Nudix GDP-mannose Hydrolase from E. coli Reveals a New Motif for Mannose Recognition  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Nudix hydrolase superfamily, characterized by the presence of the signature sequence GX5EX7REUXEEXGU (where U is I, L, or V), is a well-studied family in which relations have been established between primary sequence and substrate specificity for many members. For example, enzymes that hydrolyze the diphosphate linkage of ADP-ribose are characterized by having a proline 15 amino acids C-terminal of the Nudix signature sequence. GDPMK is a Nudix enzyme that conserves this characteristic proline but uses GDP-mannose as the preferred substrate. By investigating the structure of the GDPMK alone, bound to magnesium, and bound to substrate, the structural basis for this divergent substrate specificity and a new rule was identified by which ADP-ribose pyrophosphatases can be distinguished from purine-DP-mannose pyrophosphatases from primary sequence alone. Kinetic and mutagenesis studies showed that GDPMK hydrolysis does not rely on a single glutamate as the catalytic base. Instead, catalysis is dependent on residues that coordinate the magnesium ions and residues that position the substrate properly for catalysis. GDPMK was thought to play a role in biofilm formation because of its upregulation in response to RcsC signaling; however, GDPMK knockout strains show no defect in their capacity of forming biofilms.

A Boto; W Xu; J Jakoncic; A Pannuri; T Romeo; M Bessman; S Gabelli; L Amzel

2011-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

79

Assignment of the human GDI.D4 gene, a GDP/GTP-exchange regulator to chromosome 12, band 12p12.3  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The ras superfamily of small GTP-binding proteins performs a wide spectrum of critical cellular functions. Their biochemical activities are dependent on finely controlled cycles of GDP/GTP exchange. Regulators of this exchange are consequently molecules of pivotal importance, indicated by the increasing evidence for their involvement in oncogenic transformation and human diseases. GDP-dissociation inhibitors (GDIs) inhibit the activation of GTP-binding proteins by inhibiting the exchange of GDPs and GTPs and may therefore function as tumor-suppressors. We have cloned the cDNA for a novel GDI named GDI-D4, characterized by its high level of expression preferentially in hematopoietic cells. By fluorescence in situ hybridization, we have now localized the human gene to chromosome 12p12.3, a region deleted in a high frequency of acute myeloid and lymphoid leukemia.

Adra, C.N.; Lim, B. [Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA (United States); Kobayashi, H. [Univ. of Chicago, IL (United States)] [and others

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

"Optical" Spin Rotation Phenomenon and Spin Filtering of Antiproton (Proton, Deuteron) Beams in a Pseudomagnetic Field of a Polarized Target: the Possibility of Measuring the Real Part of the Coherent Zero-angle Scattering Amplitude  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It is shown that in the experiments dedicated for producing of polarized beams of antiprotons during their passage through a polarized gas target placed in a storage ring it is possible to measure not only spin-dependent total cross-sections of antiproton scattering by the proton (deuteron), but also the spin-dependent real part of the coherent zero-angle scattering amplitude in the process of production of a polarized beam of antiprotons.

V. G. Baryshevsky

2011-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "measured real gdp" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Real-Time Proteomics (RTP) by Single Molecule Fluorescence Microscopy Abstract We propose to develop a new technology for live cell gene expression -Protein Synthesis Measurement (PSM).  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Real-Time Proteomics (RTP) by Single Molecule Fluorescence Microscopy Abstract We propose use single molecule fluorescence resonance energy transfer (smFRET) to obtain a PSM signal from system that will translate a library of C. elegans mRNA messages and the signals produced from single

Kim, Junhyong

82

GDP-L-fucose: {beta}-D-galactoside 2-{alpha}-Lfucosyltransferases, DNA sequences encoding the same, method for producing the same and a method of genotyping a person  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The gene encoding GDP-L-fucose: {beta}-D-Galactoside 2-{alpha}-Lfucosyltransferase has been cloned, and a mutation in this gene has been found to be responsible for an individual being a non-secretor. 30 figs.

Lowe, J.B.; Lennon, G.; Rouquier, S.; Giorgi, D.; Kelly, R.J.

1998-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

83

GDP-L-fucose: .beta.-D-galactoside 2-.alpha.-L-fucosyltransferases, DNA sequences encoding the same, method for producing the same and a method of genotyping a person  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The gene encoding GDP-L-fucose: .beta.-D-Galactoside 2-.alpha.-L-fucosyltransferase has been cloned, and a mutation in this gene has been found to be responsible for an individual being a non-secretor.

Lowe, John B. (3125 Bolgos Cir., Ann Arbor, MI 48105); Lennon, Gregory (8309 Norris Canyon, Castro Valley, CA 94552); Rouquier, Sylvie (5, rue du Cannau, 34000 Montpellier, FR); Giorgi, Dominique (5, rue du Cannau, 34000 Montpellier, FR); Kelly, Robert J. (3164 Concord, Trenton, MI 48183)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Purification and characterization from rat liver cytosol of a GDP dissociation inhibitor (GDI) for liver 24K G, a ras p21-like GTP-binding protein, with properties similar to those of smg p25A GDI  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Purification and characterization from rat liver cytosol of a GDP dissociation inhibitor (GDI) for liver 24K G, a ras p21-like GTP-binding protein, with properties similar to those of smg p25A GDI ...

Takashi Ueda; Yoshifumi Takeyama; Toshihiko Ohmori; Harumasa Ohyanagi; Yoichi Saitoh; Yoshimi Takai

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

7, 1401114039, 2007 measurements in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) methane measurements conducted in the bo- real forests of Finland and the tropical forests of Suriname

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

86

The R6A-1 peptide binds to switch II of G{alpha}{sub i1} but is not a GDP-dissociation inhibitor  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Heterotrimeric G-proteins are molecular switches that convert signals from membrane receptors into changes in intracellular physiology. Recently, several peptides that bind heterotrimeric G-protein {alpha} subunits have been isolated including the novel G{alpha}{sub i1} . GDP binding peptides R6A and KB-752. The R6A peptide and its minimized derivative R6A-1 interact with G{alpha}{sub i1} . GDP. Based on spectroscopic analysis of BODIPYFL-GTP{gamma}S binding to G{alpha}{sub i1}, it has been reported that R6A-1 has guanine nucleotide dissociation inhibitor (GDI) activity against G{alpha}{sub i1} [W.W. Ja, R.W. Roberts, Biochemistry 43 (28) (2004) 9265-9275]. Using radioligand binding, we show that R6A-1 is not a GDI for G{alpha}{sub i1} subunits. Furthermore, we demonstrate that R6A-1 reduces the fluorescence quantum yield of the G{alpha}{sub i1}-BODIPYFL-GTP{gamma}S complex, thus explaining the previously reported GDI activity as a fluorescence artifact. We further show that R6A-1 has significant sequence similarity to the guanine nucleotide exchange factor peptide KB-752 that binds to switch II of G{alpha}{sub i1}. We use competitive binding analysis to show that R6A-1 also binds to switch II of G{alpha} subunits.

Willard, Francis S. [Department of Pharmacology, CB 7365, 1106 Mary Ellen Jones Building, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599-7365 (United States)]. E-mail: fwillard@med.unc.edu; Siderovski, David P. [Department of Pharmacology, CB 7365, 1106 Mary Ellen Jones Building, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599-7365 (United States)

2006-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

87

Measurement  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

localization that limits the present measurements. The knowledge thus gained will have input not only to fusion research, but to may ques- tions of basic plasma physics....

88

Measurement  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

in the Department of Physics & Astronomy. Chapel Hill 2005 Approved: A. E. Champagne, Advisor J. C. Blackmon, Reader C. Iliadis, Reader ABSTRACT Ryan P. Fitzgerald: Measurement of...

89

Table 2. Real Gross Domestic Product, Projected vs. Actual  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Real Gross Domestic Product, Projected vs. Actual Real Gross Domestic Product, Projected vs. Actual Projected Real GDP Growth Trend (cumulative average percent growth in projected real GDP from first year shown for each AEO) 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 AEO 1994 3.1% 3.2% 2.9% 2.8% 2.7% 2.7% 2.6% 2.6% 2.6% 2.5% 2.5% 2.5% 2.4% 2.4% 2.4% 2.4% 2.3% 2.3% AEO 1995 3.7% 2.8% 2.5% 2.7% 2.7% 2.6% 2.6% 2.5% 2.5% 2.5% 2.5% 2.4% 2.4% 2.4% 2.3% 2.3% 2.2% AEO 1996 2.6% 2.2% 2.5% 2.5% 2.5% 2.5% 2.4% 2.4% 2.4% 2.4% 2.4% 2.3% 2.3% 2.2% 2.2% 2.2% 1.6% AEO 1997 2.1% 1.9% 2.0% 2.2% 2.3% 2.3% 2.2% 2.2% 2.2% 2.2% 2.2% 2.2% 2.2% 2.1% 2.1% 1.5% AEO 1998 3.4% 2.9% 2.6% 2.5% 2.4% 2.4% 2.3% 2.3% 2.3% 2.3% 2.3% 2.3% 2.3% 2.2% 1.8% AEO 1999 3.4% 2.5% 2.5% 2.4% 2.4% 2.4% 2.3% 2.4% 2.4% 2.4% 2.4% 2.4% 2.4% 1.8% AEO 2000 3.8% 2.9% 2.7% 2.6% 2.6% 2.6% 2.6% 2.6% 2.5% 2.5%

90

Tax Man Cometh: Income Taxation as a Measure of State Capacity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of state capacity. GDP per energy unit: Economic activityvalue) Indicator GDP per energy unit Average Correlation (p-

Weller, Nick; Ziegler, Melissa

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Structure of a GDP:AlF4 Complex of the SRP \\{GTPases\\} Ffh and FtsY, and Identification of a Peripheral Nucleotide Interaction Site  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The signal recognition particle (SRP) \\{GTPases\\} Ffh and FtsY play a central role in co-translational targeting of proteins, assembling in a GTP-dependent manner to generate the SRP targeting complex at the membrane. A suite of residues in FtsY have been identified that are essential for the hydrolysis of GTP that accompanies disengagement. We have argued previously on structural grounds that this region mediates interactions that serve to activate the complex for disengagement and term it the activation region. We report here the structure of a complex of the SRP \\{GTPases\\} formed in the presence of GDP:AlF4. This complex accommodates the putative transition-state analog without undergoing significant change from the structure of the ground-state complex formed in the presence of the GTP analog GMPPCP. However, small shifts that do occur within the shared catalytic chamber may be functionally important. Remarkably, an external nucleotide interaction site was identified at the activation region, revealed by an unexpected contaminating GMP molecule bound adjacent to the catalytic chamber. This site exhibits conserved sequence and structural features that suggest a direct interaction with RNA plays a role in regulating the activity of the SRP targeting complex.

Pamela J. Focia; Joseph Gawronski-Salerno; John S. Coon V; Douglas M. Freymann

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Senior Real Property Officer (SRPO) Responsibilities About Senior Real Property Officers (SRPO)  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Senior Real Property Officer (SRPO) Senior Real Property Officer (SRPO) Responsibilities About Senior Real Property Officers (SRPO) The SRPO is a senior-level manager who develops and implements agency asset management plans. The SRPO is responsible for ensuring that the asset management plan meets the following requirements: Identify and categorize real property owned, leased, or managed by the SRPO's agency Identify and pursue goals with appropriate deadlines for real property and measure agency progress Prioritize actions to be taken to improve the operational and financial management of the agency's real property inventory and make life cycle estimations associated with the prioritized actions Identify and pursue goals, with appropriate deadlines, consistent with and supportive of the

93

REAL ESTATE PROCESS  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

REAL ESTATE PROCESS REAL ESTATE PROCESS TABLE OF CONTENTS DISCLAIMER The content of this information is somewhat dated and not specifically reflective of actual documents in use. It is provided for reference only and as such provides a vast wealth of information and corporate knowledge. Any information taken from this source should be referenced against modern standards. The sources for such are the Federal Management Regulations, Code of Federal Regulations, DOE Orders, Guides and written policy. Additional information is available from variety of agency websites. Most leasing requirements can be found at the GSA website. DOE Real Estate Process.................................................................. Page 1 Appendix 1.................................................................................. Page 3

94

THE REAL ESTATE ROUNDTABLE  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

of of THE REAL ESTATE ROUNDTABLE to the U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Regarding Request for Information Published at 75 Fed. Reg. 26,203 (May 11, 2010) "Implementing the National Broadband Plan by Empowering Consumers and the Smart Grid: Data Access, Third Party Use, and Privacy" July 12, 2010 Board of Directors Chairman Daniel M. Neidich Chief Executive Officer Dune Real Estate Partners President and CEO Jeffrey D. DeBoer Secretary Robert S. Taubman Chairman, President and CEO Taubman Centers, Inc. Treasurer Jeffrey Schwartz Chairman Global Logistic Properties Jamie Behar Managing Director - Real Estate And Alternative Investments Chairman of the Board

95

Real Estate Automobiles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Find a Job Post a Job Real Estate Automobiles All Classifieds International National Politics: A Nation Challenged Special: Winter Olympics Editorials/Op-Ed Readers' Opinions Automobiles Arts Books

Crimaldi, John P.

96

Southern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading Economic IndicatorIndicatorIndicatorIndicator May 2011 Institute for Economic and Environmental Studies (IEES), Califo  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

). Figure 1 Southern California and US Leading Indicators U.S. economic activity, often measured by real GDP California (Figure 2). Figure 2 Leading Indicators and Real GDP 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 91.3 92.2 93.1 93 one to two quarters before SC employment changes (Figure 4). The SC indicator currently projects

de Lijser, Peter

97

Southern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading Economic IndicatorIndicatorIndicatorIndicator May 2014 Center for Economic Analysis and Forecasting (CEAF), California  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

measured by real GDP growth, is expected to increase in the next three to six months, given the increase activity in Southern California (Figure 2). Figure 2 Leading Indicators and Real GDP -4.0 -2.0 0.0 2.0 4 employment changes (Figure 4). The SC indicator currently projects an increase in Southern California

de Lijser, Peter

98

Southern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading Economic IndicatorIndicatorIndicatorIndicator August 2012 Institute for Economic and Environmental Studies (IEES), Cal  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

activity, often measured by real GDP growth, is expected to increase in the next three to six months, given in economic activity in Southern California (Figure 2). Figure 2 Leading Indicators and Real GDP -10.0 -8.0 -6 currently projects an increase in Southern California economic activity in the next three to six months

de Lijser, Peter

99

University of California, San Diego UCSD-CER-13-01 Center for Energy Research  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

dollars and "real" dollars. Dividing the current dollars by the real dollars yields the GDP Implicit Price and other systems are relevant to magnetic fusion energy (MFE). In the mid 90's, the ARIES Project6 began, such as the U.S. Commerce Department Gross Domestic Product8 (GDP), which is a measure of the output of goods

California at San Diego, University of

100

Southern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading Economic IndicatorIndicatorIndicatorIndicator May 2012 Institute for Economic and Environmental Studies (IEES), Califo  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

measured by real GDP growth, is expected to increase in the next three to six months, given the increase activity in Southern California (Figure 2). Figure 2 Leading Indicators and Real GDP 60 70 80 90 100 110 currently projects an increase in Southern California economic activity in the next three to six months

de Lijser, Peter

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "measured real gdp" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Southern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading Economic IndicatorIndicatorIndicatorIndicator November 2013 Center for Economic Analysis and Forecasting (CEAF), Calif  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

measured by real GDP growth, is expected to increase in the next three to six months, given the increase activity in Southern California (Figure 2). Figure 2 Leading Indicators and Real GDP -4.0 -2.0 0.0 2.0 4 employment changes (Figure 4). The SC indicator currently projects an increase in Southern California

de Lijser, Peter

102

Southern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading Economic IndicatorIndicatorIndicatorIndicator February 2014 Center for Economic Analysis and Forecasting (CEAF), Calif  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

measured by real GDP growth, is expected to increase in the next three to six months, given the increase activity in Southern California (Figure 2). Figure 2 Leading Indicators and Real GDP -4.0 -2.0 0.0 2.0 4 employment changes (Figure 4). The SC indicator currently projects an increase in Southern California

de Lijser, Peter

103

Perspectives on the Current State Of the Milwaukee Economy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

years in real metro GDP growth ­a measure of total economic activity in a region--compared to a group: Real GDP Growth: 1978-2010 Selected Metropolitan Areas (in billions market has become increasingly segmented (along racial and gender lines) and polarized, with projections

Saldin, Dilano

104

Southern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading Economic IndicatorIndicatorIndicatorIndicator August 2014 Center for Economic Analysis and Forecasting (CEAF), Califor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

activity, often measured by real GDP growth, is expected to increase in the next three to six months, given activity in Southern California (Figure 2). Figure 2 Leading Indicators and Real GDP 60 70 80 90 100 110 employment changes (Figure 4). The SC indicator currently projects an increase in Southern California

de Lijser, Peter

105

Green Buildings in Green Cities: Integrating Energy Efficiency into the Real Estate Industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy Star, the highest correlation is with metropolitan area GDP perEnergy Star buildings in total building stock as dependent variable, only GDP perEnergy Star LEED I II III I II III rentable building area number of stories year built classA classB GDP per

Bardhan, Ashok; Kroll, Cynthia A.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Real Property Asset Management  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

The directive establishes an integrated corporate-level, performance based approach to the life-cycle management of our real property assets. It links real property asset planning, programming, budgeting and evaluation to the Department's multi-faceted missions. Successful implementation of this order will enable the Department to carry out our stewardship responsibilities, and will ensure that our facilities and infrastructure are properly sized and in a condition to meet our mission requirements today and in the future. Cancels: DOE O 430.1A. Chg 1, dated 2-8-08. Chg 2, dated 4-25-11

2003-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

107

Real Property Asset Management  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

The directive establishes an integrated corporate-level, performance based approach to the life-cycle management of our real property assets. It links real property asset planning, programming, budgeting and evaluation to the Department's multi-faceted missions. Successful implementation of this order will enable the Department to carry out our stewardship responsibilities, and will ensure that our facilities and infrastructure are properly sized and in a condition to meet our mission requirements today and in the future. Chg 1, dated 2-8-08. Chg 2, dated 4-25-11

2003-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

108

Unrealistic Realistic Real Dislikeable  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

fascicularis) with video footage and static images of real monkey faces along with realistic and unrealistic Starsinapellet Nature Phys. doi:10.1038/nphys1402 (2009) A team of researchers has used a high-power laser be set by nutrient availability -- possibly allowing optimal timing of metabolic processes. Ronald Evans

Ghazanfar, Asif

109

REAL TIME SYSTEM OPERATIONS 2006-2007  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Real Time System Operations (RTSO) 2006-2007 project focused on two parallel technical tasks: (1) Real-Time Applications of Phasors for Monitoring, Alarming and Control; and (2) Real-Time Voltage Security Assessment (RTVSA) Prototype Tool. The overall goal of the phasor applications project was to accelerate adoption and foster greater use of new, more accurate, time-synchronized phasor measurements by conducting research and prototyping applications on California ISO's phasor platform - Real-Time Dynamics Monitoring System (RTDMS) -- that provide previously unavailable information on the dynamic stability of the grid. Feasibility assessment studies were conducted on potential application of this technology for small-signal stability monitoring, validating/improving existing stability nomograms, conducting frequency response analysis, and obtaining real-time sensitivity information on key metrics to assess grid stress. Based on study findings, prototype applications for real-time visualization and alarming, small-signal stability monitoring, measurement based sensitivity analysis and frequency response assessment were developed, factory- and field-tested at the California ISO and at BPA. The goal of the RTVSA project was to provide California ISO with a prototype voltage security assessment tool that runs in real time within California ISO?s new reliability and congestion management system. CERTS conducted a technical assessment of appropriate algorithms, developed a prototype incorporating state-of-art algorithms (such as the continuation power flow, direct method, boundary orbiting method, and hyperplanes) into a framework most suitable for an operations environment. Based on study findings, a functional specification was prepared, which the California ISO has since used to procure a production-quality tool that is now a part of a suite of advanced computational tools that is used by California ISO for reliability and congestion management.

Eto, Joseph H.; Parashar, Manu; Lewis, Nancy Jo

2008-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

110

Real-time Remote Sensing of Snowmobiles Emissions at  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Real-time Remote Sensing of Snowmobiles Emissions at Yellowstone National Park: An Oxygenated Fuel 68509 #12;Real-time Remote Sensing of Snowmobile Emissions at Yellowstone National Park 2 Executive emissions from snowmobiles. Ratios of CO, HC and toluene to CO2 were measured and used to calculate %CO, %HC

Denver, University of

111

Fiscal fragility: what the past may say about the future  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

real interest rates and GDP growth rate. For a given future projectedit with the projected debt to GDP ratio. Real rates forit with the projected debt to GDP ratio. Real rates for

Aizenman, Joshua; Pasricha, Gurnain Kaur

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Real time automated inspection  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method and apparatus relating to the real time automatic detection and classification of characteristic type surface imperfections occurring on the surfaces of material of interest such as moving hot metal slabs produced by a continuous steel caster. A data camera transversely scans continuous lines of such a surface to sense light intensities of scanned pixels and generates corresponding voltage values. The voltage values are converted to corresponding digital values to form a digital image of the surface which is subsequently processed to form an edge-enhanced image having scan lines characterized by intervals corresponding to the edges of the image. The edge-enhanced image is thresholded to segment out the edges and objects formed by the edges are segmented out by interval matching and bin tracking. Features of the objects are derived and such features are utilized to classify the objects into characteristic type surface imperfections.

Fant, Karl M. (Minneapolis, MN); Fundakowski, Richard A. (Saint Paul, MN); Levitt, Tod S. (Minneapolis, MN); Overland, John E. (Plymouth, MN); Suresh, Bindinganavle R. (New Brighton, MN); Ulrich, Franz W. (Minneapolis, MN)

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Real time automated inspection  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method and apparatus are described relating to the real time automatic detection and classification of characteristic type surface imperfections occurring on the surfaces of material of interest such as moving hot metal slabs produced by a continuous steel caster. A data camera transversely scans continuous lines of such a surface to sense light intensities of scanned pixels and generates corresponding voltage values. The voltage values are converted to corresponding digital values to form a digital image of the surface which is subsequently processed to form an edge-enhanced image having scan lines characterized by intervals corresponding to the edges of the image. The edge-enhanced image is thresholded to segment out the edges and objects formed by the edges by interval matching and bin tracking. Features of the objects are derived and such features are utilized to classify the objects into characteristic type surface imperfections. 43 figs.

Fant, K.M.; Fundakowski, R.A.; Levitt, T.S.; Overland, J.E.; Suresh, B.R.; Ulrich, F.W.

1985-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

114

Introduction Real datasets with known classes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Introduction Real datasets with known classes Simulated datasets Real datasets without known 8, 2011 Christian Hennig Some thoughts on cluster benchmarking #12;Introduction Real datasets with known classes Simulated datasets Real datasets without known classes Benchmarking should not be ranking

Hennig, Christian

115

Real Property | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Real Property Real Property Real Property DOE has the unique authority under the Atomic Energy Act to dispose or transfer property under certain conditions or to access the services of the General Services Administration to dispose excess real property. During the last 10 years, DOE has transferred more than 30 sites, facilities or property rights (e.g., easements) to other federal agencies, tribal nations, local governments, and private companies. LM is responsible for nearly 13,000 acres of the DOE's land holdings. LM's preference is to transfer excess properties and facilities to other public or private sector parties for management and reuse. LM's Office of Site Operations (LM-20) is responsible for: Setting real estate policy and providing guidance to LM for acquisitions, leases, and disposal of real property.

116

Where can I find free economic forecasts? Economic forecasts have become an integral part of business and individual investment decisions. Economic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, the Conference Board provides short term (quarterly and annual) forecasts for real GDP, real consumer spending include (among others): GDP and real GDP, price indices for GDP and consumer spending, unemployment are projections of economic activity including GDP growth. These reports can be found on-line at: http

Johnson, Eric E.

117

Federal Real Property Council Guidance  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

9/18/2012 FY 2012 FRPC DATA REPORTING INSTRUCTIONS I. Background Executive Order 13327, "Federal Real Property Asset Management" was created to promote the efficient and economical use of the Federal Government's real property assets. The E.O. established the interagency Federal Real Property Council (FRPC), established the role of the Senior Real Property Officer, and mandated the creation of a centralized real property database. This document provides instructions for populating the required data in FIMS so that the Department can report in accordance with the FY 2012 reporting requirements. II. Summary of Changes There are no new FIMS data elements required for 2012 reporting and several data elements have been eliminated from reporting. Some of these elements will remain in FIMS when needed for management

118

GCC Inward and Outward Foreign Direct Investment and Capital Flows  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Real economic growth is measured by GDP growth and is often reflected in a high ranking of a country’s economic and financial risk (Calderon et al. 2003). However, ... in 2008. These countries attracted Foreign D...

Mohamed A. Ramady

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc. (2006), 132, pp. 29052923 doi: 10.1256/qj.06.25 Measuring forecast skill: is it real skill or is it the varying climatology?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that many commonly used systems of measurement (`metrics') in weather forecast verification are capable of weather forecasts from an accumulation of samples spanning many locations and dates. In calculating many is approximately invariant over all samples. If the event frequency actually varies among the samples, the metrics

Hamill, Tom

120

Real-world data modeling  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Capturing the value in real-world data requires more than fitting trivial models or visually exploring the data. Rather, we must efficiently isolate driving variables, confirm or reject potential outliers and build models which are both accurate and ...

Mark Kotanchek

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "measured real gdp" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Biomass energy : a real estate investment perspective  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A central consideration in real estate is how value is created in real estate development and investment deals. A biomass power plant is not only an asset which generates revenues, but from a real estate perspective, it ...

Foo, Chester Ren Jie

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Penetration models in Real Estate Market Analysis.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? Although the concept of real estate market analysis are more widely used in real estate industry but penetration rate seem to be misunderstood by… (more)

Kooakachai, Sunchai

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Micro-Electron Spin Resonance for Airborne Soot Measurement  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

A real-time method for airborne soot concentration measurement using a miniaturized electron spin resonance sensor is presented.

124

Density measurements Viscosity measurements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Density measurements Viscosity measurements Temperature measurements Pressure measurements Flow rate measurements Velocity measurements Sensors How to measure fluid flow properties ? Am´elie Danlos Ravelet Experimental methods for fluid flows: an introduction #12;Density measurements Viscosity

Ravelet, Florent

125

Real Property and Asset Management  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

The directive establishes an integrated corporate-level, performance based approach to the life-cycle management of our real property assets. It links real property asset planning, programming, budgeting and evaluation to the Department's multi-faceted missions. Successful implementation of this order will enable the Department to carry out stewardship responsibilities, and will ensure that facilities and infrastructure are properly sized and in a condition to meet our mission requirements today and in the future. Cancels DOE O 430.1A Chg1.

2003-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

126

Southern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading Economic IndicatorIndicatorIndicatorIndicator November 2010 Institute for Economic and Environmental Studies (IEES), C  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Southern California and US Leading Indicators U.S. economic activity, often measured by real GDP growth (Figure 2). Figure 2 Leading Indicators and Real GDP 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 91.3 92.3 93.3 94.3 95.3 96 currently projects an increase in Southern California economic activity in the next three to six months

de Lijser, Peter

127

Macroeconomic Real Gross Domestic Product  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Macroeconomic Macroeconomic Real Gross Domestic Product (billion chained 2009 dollars - SAAR) ............. 15,584 15,680 15,819 15,886 15,970 16,068 16,173 16,295 16,422 16,557 16,701 16,832 15,742 16,127 16,628 Real Disposable Personal Income (billion chained 2009 dollars - SAAR) ............. 11,502 11,618 11,703 11,757 11,883 11,970 12,057 12,151 12,273 12,363 12,451 12,526 11,645 12,015 12,403 Real Personal Consumption Expend. (billion chained 2009 dollars - SAAR) ............. 10,644 10,692 10,729 10,813 10,884 10,959 11,036 11,114 11,191 11,264 11,343 11,416 10,719 10,998 11,304 Real Fixed Investment (billion chained 2009 dollars - SAAR) ............. 2,420 2,458 2,491 2,508 2,551 2,604 2,655 2,700 2,752 2,816 2,885 2,944 2,469 2,627 2,849 Business Inventory Change (billion chained 2009 dollars - SAAR) .............

128

Real Waring Rank Greg Blekherman  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Real Waring Rank Greg Blekherman September 29, 2012 Tensors and their Geometry in High Dimensions such decomposition exists is the rank of f . Illustrative example: 2x3 - 6xy2 = (x + -1y)3 + (x - -1y)3. Over C a generic form has unique rank, given by the Alexander-Hirschowitz theorem. Call rank r typical for forms

California at Berkeley, University of

129

X-ray Diffuse Scattering Measurements of Nucleation Dynamics...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

X-ray Diffuse Scattering Measurements of Nucleation Dynamics at Femtosecond Resolution Real-time measurement and control of the non-equilibrium properties of materials represents...

130

REAL-TIME EQUILIBRIUM RECONSTRUCTION IN A TOKAMAK  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

REAL-TIME EQUILIBRIUM RECONSTRUCTION IN A TOKAMAK J. Blum, C. Boulbe and B. Faugeras Laboratoire J reconstruction of the plasma current density in a Tokamak and of its equilibrium. The problem consists equilibrium of a plasma in a Tokamak. The experimental measurements that enable this identification

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

131

Real Time Emulations: Foundation and Applications Azalia Mirhoseini  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

developed and used emulations to overcome and complement the shortcomings of simulations for logic verifi Measurement, Performance Keywords Real-time emultion, Thermal modeling 1. INTRODUCTION AND MOTIVATION At large vineyards, there are often several rose bushes planted throughout. The reason is not the romantic nature

132

Levels of the Rab GDP dissociation inhibitor (GDI) are altered in the prenatal restrain stress mouse model of schizophrenia and are differentially regulated by the mGlu2/3 receptor agonists, LY379268 and LY354740  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract LY379268 and LY354740, two agonists of mGlu2/3 metabotropic glutamate receptors, display different potencies in mouse models of schizophrenia. This differential effect of the two drugs remains unexplained. We performed a proteomic analysis in cultured cortical neurons challenged with either LY379268 or LY354740. Among the few proteins that were differentially influenced by the two drugs, Rab GDP dissociation inhibitor-? (Rab GDI?) was down-regulated by LY379268 and showed a trend to an up-regulation in response to LY354740. In cultured hippocampal neurons, LY379268 selectively down-regulated the ? isoform of Rab GDI. Rab GDI inhibits the activity of the synaptic vesicle-associated protein, Rab3A, and is reduced in the brain of schizophrenic patients. We examined the expression of Rab GDI in mice exposed to prenatal stress (“PRS mice”), which have been described as a putative model of schizophrenia. Rab GDI? protein levels were increased in the hippocampus of PRS mice at postnatal days (PND)1 and 21, but not at PND60. At PND21, PRS mice also showed a reduced depolarization-evoked [3H]d-aspartate release in hippocampal synaptosomes. The increase in Rab GDI? levels in the hippocampus of PRS mice was reversed by a 7-days treatment with LY379268 (1 or 10 mg/kg, i.p.), but not by treatment with equal doses of LY354740. These data strengthen the validity of PRS mice as a model of schizophrenia, and show for the first time a pharmacodynamic difference between LY379268 and LY354740 which might be taken into account in an attempt to explain the differential effect of the two drugs across mouse models.

Rosamaria Orlando; Marina Borro; Marta Motolese; Gemma Molinaro; Sergio Scaccianoce; Alessandra Caruso; Luigi di Nuzzo; Filippo Caraci; Francesco Matrisciano; Anna Pittaluga; Jerome Mairesse; Maurizio Simmaco; Robert Nisticò; James A. Monn; Ferdinando Nicoletti

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Beyond DCF analysis in real estate financial modeling : probabilistic evaluation of real estate ventures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis introduces probabilistic valuation techniques and encourages their usage in the real estate industry. Including uncertainty and real options into real estate financial models is worthwhile, especially when there ...

Leung, Keith Chin-Kee

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Getting real about small wind  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

THE SMALL WIND INDUSTRY IS GOING THROUGH INTERESTING TIMES. IN A NEW SERIES OF ARTICLES FOR RENEWABLE ENERGY FOCUS, LEADING WIND ENERGY EXPERT DAVID SHARMAN ADDRESSES WHAT HE SEES AS THE “MYTHS” THAT SURROUND THE INDUSTRY, AND DISCUSSES THE REAL CHALLENGES FACED – AS WELL AS THE PROGRESS THAT HAS BEEN MADE TO DATE. PART ONE COVERS THE MAIN MANUFACTURERS, AND LOOKS AT THE CURRENT SCALE OF THE INDUSTRY.

David Sharman

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Performance of Spatial Modulation using Measured Real-World Channels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of a single antenna at each time instance which transmits a given data symbol (constellation symbol), and ii­ML), which performs an exhaustive search over the whole constellation symbol and spatial symbol space the hardware complexity of the system [5]. It also offers a significant reduction in the energy needed

Hall, Christopher

136

Measuring forecast skill: is it real skill or  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

samples, then many verification metrics will credit a forecast with extra skill it doesn't deserve islands, zero meteorologists Imagine a planet with a global ocean and two isolated islands. Weather three metrics... (1) Brier Skill Score (2) Relative Operating Characteristic (3) Equitable Threat Score

Hamill, Tom

137

Real Time Digital Processing of GPS Measurements for Transmission Engineering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- range is based on four or more GPS satellite signal recep- tion. For certain national security satellites launched and maintained by the United States gov- ernment. Power engineering applications based (thermal or security) limit. Inherent errors in GPS technologies are discussed, and the differential GPS

138

6189-47, Session 10 Optical spatial filtering velocimetry sensor for real-time  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

transforming system instead, the sensor will allow measurement of rotational vibration without direct6189-47, Session 10 Optical spatial filtering velocimetry sensor for real-time in-plane vibration-contact, low-cost optical sensor for real time detection and active vibration control of mechanical devices

139

Real-Time Detection of Packet Drop Attacks on Synchrophasor Data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, NY, 12180 Abstract--The importance of phasor measurement unit (PMU) or synchrophasor data towardsReal-Time Detection of Packet Drop Attacks on Synchrophasor Data Seemita Pal, Biplab Sikdar and Joe attack, where the adversary arbitrarily drops packets with synchrophasor data. This paper develops a real

Sikdar, Biplab

140

Demonstration abstract: airfeed: indoor real time interactive air quality monitoring system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Solutions to outdoor air pollution require societal changes; however, we focus on indoor home air quality to allow for individual control over the breathing environment. We present AirFeed: a real time air quality monitoring system that provides measurements ... Keywords: air quality, human activity, monitoring, real time

Kyeong T. Min, Andrzej Forys, Thomas Schmid

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "measured real gdp" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

15 - Measurement  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary This chapter focuses on the various methods and equipments used in the measurement of liquids and gases in pipelines. Streams that transport mixed natural gas liquids require the use of mass measurement to accurately account for the volume of the components, which make up the mix. Mass measurement eliminates the effects of non-ideal mixing and the need for compressibility factors. The measurement system that provides basic simplicity, reliability, wide acceptance, and the capability of handling variable mix streams without breaking new frontiers in measurement methods is the orifice flow measuring element with online density meter and microprocessor flow computer. The orifice is a static device generally inert to the measured fluid conditions, and calibration consists of simple dimensional measurement and conformance to specified physical tolerances. The second element, the density meter, is an external unit that is easily isolated from the flowing stream for calibration, inspection, and maintenance. The relative insensitivity of CO2 density to small changes in pressure in the primary flow to the orifice meters permits locating the density meter upstream of the meter manifold, thereby serving several meters. The microprocessor flow computer, or third element of the system, is essential to achieve the advantages of integrated mass flow, which comes from the ability of the computer to make computations in essentially "real time." A development program to improve the overall uncertainty of orifice metering was initiated by Shell Pipeline Corporation. The program's goal was to develop an economical method for proving ethylene orifice meters under actual operating conditions. Shell's ethylene systems are operated in the dense phase fluid region due to lower transportation costs. The ethylene meter stations operate in two regions, the dense-phase fluid and single-phase gas regions.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Simple thermodynamic diagrams for real refrigeration systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The thermodynamic performance of real irreversible cooling and refrigeration systems (chillers) can be summarized in simple rectangular temperature-entropy diagrams in analogy to classic pedagogical examples for idealized reversible devices. The key to translating complex dissipative losses into this graphical framework is the process average temperature—a factor that can be calculated from nonintrusive experimental measurements for converting entropy production into lost work. An uncomplicated thermodynamic model is used to transform the governing chiller performance equations into an easily-interpreted graph. Examples based upon actual data from commercial work-driven (reciprocating) and heat-driven (absorption) chillers are presented and are used to highlight the predominance of internal dissipation in determining chiller efficiency. With the thermodynamic diagram representation the relative roles of each irreversibility source as well as the reversible and endoreversible limits become transparent.

J. M. Gordon; K. C. Ng; H. T. Chua

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Advice from a Real Estate Attorney  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Although other underwater homeowners are valuable sources of good advice about dealing with an underwater mortgage, a real estate attorney offers more legal opinions and options. Les R. Kramsky, Esq. is a real...

Chris Lauer

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Advice from a Real Estate Economist  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

John Mulville is senior vice president for the Consulting Group at Real Estate Economics, a leading provider of real estate consulting services and online research tools. Working with home builders, lenders, i...

Chris Lauer

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Is Sustainability Attractive for Corporate Real Estate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Is Sustainability Attractive for Corporate Real Estate Decisions ? Research Center ESSEC Working Is Sustainability Attractive for Corporate Real Estate Decisions? Ingrid Nappi-Choulet Professor ESSEC BUSINESS SCHOOL Real Estate and Sustainable Development Chair nappi@essec.fr Aurélien Décamps Researcher ESSEC

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

146

Designing Distributed, Real-Time Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- - Designing Distributed, Real-Time Systems Kevin L. Mills INFT 796 SUMMER 1993 DIRECTED READINGS IN SOFTWARE ENGINEERING WITH DR. H. GOMAA GEORGE MASON UNIVERSITY #12;Designing Distributed, Real-Time Systems problem faced by designers of software systems, and particularly by designers of distributed, real

Mills, Kevin

147

Convex Optimization: from Real-Time Embedded  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Convex Optimization: from Real-Time Embedded to Large-Scale Distributed Stephen Boyd Neal Parikh of Edinburgh, June 25 2014 1 #12;Outline Convex Optimization Real-Time Embedded Optimization Large-Scale Distributed Optimization Summary 2 #12;Outline Convex Optimization Real-Time Embedded Optimization Large

Hall, Julian

148

MESA Makes It Real The  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Microsystems & Engineering Microsystems & Engineering Sciences Applications (MESA) MESA Makes It Real The Microsystems & Engineering Sciences Applications (MESA) Complex represents the essential facilities and equipment to design, develop, manufacture, integrate, and qualify microsystems for national security needs that cannot or should not be made in industry- either because the low volumes required for these applications are not profitable for the private sector, or because of stringent security requirements for high-consequence systems. Microsystems extend the information processing capabilities of silicon integrated circuits to add functions such as sensing, actuation, and communication-all integrated within a single package. The MESA Complex integrates the scientific,

149

Development of environmental and oceanographic real-time assessment system for the near-shore environment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the constituents of interest. This study is focused on the development of a framework that couples real-time measurements and numerical simulation for tracking constituents in surface waters. The parameterization of the mixing and turbulent diffusion impacts...

Ojo, Temitope O.

2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

150

www.ConferenceOnSustainableRealEstate.com info@ ConferenceOnSustainableRealEstate.com  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

www.ConferenceOnSustainableRealEstate.com info@ ConferenceOnSustainableRealEstate.com The Conference On Sustainable Real Estate will be held at the University of Memphis campus on March 24, 25, 26 those opportunities. How does Sustainable Real Estate practice benefit investors, developers

Dasgupta, Dipankar

151

CERTS Review REAL-TIME PRICE FORECAST WITH BIG DATA A STATE SPACE APPROACH  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Review Review REAL-TIME PRICE FORECAST WITH BIG DATA A STATE SPACE APPROACH Lang Tong (PI), Robert J. Thomas, Yuting Ji, and Jinsub Kim School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Cornell University Jie Mei, Georgia Institute of Technology August 7, 2013 CERTS Review DATA QUALITY AND ITS EFFECTS ON MARKET OPERATIONS DENY OF SERVICE ATTACK ON REAL-TIME ELECTRICITY MARKET COVER UP PROTECTION AGAINST TOPOLOGY ATTACK Lang Tong (PI), Robert J. Thomas, and Jinsub Kim Cornell University August 8, 2013 Project overview  Objectives  Accurate short-term probabilistic forecasting of real-time LMP.  Incorporate real-time measurements (e.g. SCADA/PMU).  Scalable computation techniques.  Summary of results  A real-time LMP model with forecasting and measurement

152

A Survey of Utility Experience with Real Time Pricing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with Real Time Pricing Xcel Energy (Public Service Companywith Real Time Pricing Xcel Energy, MDC (MinnesotaUtilities Division). 2001. “Xcel Energy’s Real-Time Pricing

Barbose, Galen; Goldman, Charles; Neenan, Bernie

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Real-time processing of remote sensor data as applied to Arctic ice classification  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

as an earth observations system [4]; remote sensor measurements (radar measurements) from an environmental situation (the Arctic surface) are processed and analyzed at a real-time rate to yield a usable output data product (ice statistics) which in turn...REAL-TIME PROCESSING OF REMOTE SENSOR DATA AS APPLIED TO ARCTIC ICE CLASSIFICATION A Thesis by JAMES AUSTIN PERMENTER partial ! Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A)M University in fulfillment of the requirement for the degree...

Permenter, James Austin

1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

A Resilient Real-Time Agent-Based System for a Reconfigurable Power Grid  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

outages and other power quality and reliability events to be 1% of GDP, or $100 billion per year [4 infrastructure that includes renewable or sustainable energy sources [1][2]. The existing energy management

Tolbert, Leon M.

155

Augmenting real data with synthetic data: an application in assessing radio-isotope identification algorithms  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The performance of Radio-Isotope Identification (RIID) algorithms using gamma spectroscopy is increasingly important. For example, sensors at locations that screen for illicit nuclear material rely on isotope identification to resolve innocent nuisance alarms arising from naturally occurring radioactive material. Recent data collections for RIID testing consist of repeat measurements for each of several scenarios to test RIID algorithms. Efficient allocation of measurement resources requires an appropriate number of repeats for each scenario. To help allocate measurement resources in such data collections for RIID algorithm testing, we consider using only a few real repeats per scenario. In order to reduce uncertainty in the estimated RIID algorithm performance for each scenario, the potential merit of augmenting these real repeats with realistic synthetic repeats is also considered. Our results suggest that for the scenarios and algorithms considered, approximately 10 real repeats augmented with simulated repeats will result in an estimate having comparable uncertainty to the estimate based on using 60 real repeats.

Burr, Tom L [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Hamada, Michael [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Graves, Todd [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Myers, Steve [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Real Performance for Real Buildings- 2014 BTO Peer Review  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Presenter: Shanti Pless, National Renewable Energy Laboratory This project aims to develop deployable resources to assist building decision makers in understanding and replicating the benefits of using measureable energy performance targets to better connect design and operations.

157

Measurement-Measurement-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Internet Measurement- System A Measurement- System B Control System GPS Satellite GPS Satellite GPS Receiver GPS Receiver 2) measurement 3) data1) command Methodology for One-way IP Performance Measurement This paper proposes a methodology for measurement of one-way IP performance metrics such as one-way delay

Jeong, Jaehoon "Paul"

158

Acquisition of Real Property | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Acquisition of Real Property Acquisition of Real Property Acquisition of Real Property Acquisition of Real Property Memorandum of Understanding Between the U.S. Department of Energy and the U.S. Department of Army Amendment to the Memorandum of Understanding Between the U.S. Department of Energy and the U.S. Department of Army Standard Form 118 and 118A Report of Excess Real Property Forms Requirements: Document Title P.L. 106-580 Federal Property and Administrative Services Act of 1949, As Amended P.L. 95-91, Section 647 U.S. Department of Energy Organization Act P.L. 83-703 (68 Stat. 919), Section 161g Grants Special Authority as Required in the Act to Acquire, Sell, Dispose, etc., of Real Property in Furtherance of the Department's Mission (Under the Atomic Energy Act of 1954)

159

Acquisition, Use, and Disposal of Real Estate  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Chapter 17.3 (March 2011) Chapter 17.3 (March 2011) 1 Acquisition, Use, and Disposal of Real Estate References DEAR 917.74 - Acquisition, Use, and Disposal of Real Estate DOE Directives DOE Order 413.3B, Program and Project Management for the Acquisition of Capital Assets, or current version DOE Order 430.1B, Real Property Asset Management, or current version Overview This section provides internal Departmental information and DOE and NNSA points of contact for issues dealing with real estate acquisition, use, and disposal for cost reimbursement and fixed price contracts when in performance of the contract, the contractor will acquire or proposes to acquire use of real property. Background DEAR Subpart 917.74 - Acquisition, Use, and Disposal of Real Estate provides the policy and

160

Beyond kWh and kW demand: Understanding the new real-time electric power  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Beyond kWh and kW demand: Understanding the new real-time electric power Beyond kWh and kW demand: Understanding the new real-time electric power measurement system in LBNL Building 90 Speaker(s): Alex McEachern Date: January 14, 2010 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 In the Summer of 2009, LBNL researchers installed end-use sub-metering equipment and associated Energy Information System (EIS) tools to characterize energy use and comfort in Building 90. Seven of 40 key electric loads were measured using advanced meters that make sophisticated real-time measurements of dozens of power flow parameters, power disturbances, and harmonics. The talk will review some electrical engineering fundamentals, how use and interpret data measured in building 90 in real-time. The real-time data available includes power, volt-amps, VAR's, unbalance voltage and current, voltage and current distortion,

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "measured real gdp" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Multivector Functions of a Real Variable  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper is an introduction to the theory of multivector functions of a real variable. The notions of limit, continuity and derivative for these objects are given. The theory of multivector functions of a real variable, even being similar to the usual theory of vector functions of a real variable, has some subtle issues which make its presentation worhtwhile.We refer in particular to the derivative rules involving exterior and Clifford products, and also to the rule for derivation of a composition of an ordinary scalar function with a multivector function of a real variable.

A. M. Moya; V. V. Fernández; W. A. Rodrigues Jr

2002-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

162

Business Models Guide: Real Estate Agent  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

With excellent marketing skills, a keen understanding of financing options, and a broad knowledge of the industry, real estate agents are natural advocates for smart energy efficiency upgrades.

163

EIA-Revisions to Gross Domestic product and Implications for the  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Revisions to Gross Domestic Product and Implications for the Comparisons Revisions to Gross Domestic Product and Implications for the Comparisons Annual Energy Outlook Retrospective Review: Evaluation of Projections in Past Editions (1982-2008) Revisions to Gross Domestic Product and Implications for the Comparisons The concept of GDP is a commonly used measure of economic activity. It can be expressed in nominal dollars or, with the use of a matched price index to remove inflation, in "real" terms. Movements in nominal GDP show how the value of goods and services produced by the United States changes over time, while real GDP is a measure of how the physical production of the economy has grown. While simple in concept, the projecting of nominal and real GDP and the interpretation of these projected measures relative to "history" is not simple or straightforward. The Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) within the U.S. Department of Commerce continually adjusts the National Income and Product Accounts data, with comprehensive revisions completed every 4 or 5 years. The last four major revisions (1985, 1991, 1995, and 1999) incorporated definitional and statistical changes, as well as emphasizing new ways of presenting the data. Also, prior to AEO1993 aggregate economic activity was measured and projected on the basis of Gross National Product (GNP) as opposed to Gross Domestic Product (GDP). For the period from 1984 through 2004, nominal GNP is on average approximately 0.45 percent above nominal GDP.

164

EIA-Annual Energy Outlook Retrospective Review-Revisions to Gross Domestic  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Revisions to Gross Domestic Product and Implications for the Comparisons The concept of GDP is a commonly used measure of economic activity. It can be expressed in nominal dollars or, with the use of a matched price index to remove inflation, in "real" terms. Movements in nominal GDP show how the value of goods and services produced by the United States changes over time, while real GDP is a measure of how the physical production of the economy has grown. While simple in concept, the projecting of nominal and real GDP and the interpretation of these projected measures relative to "history" is not simple or straightforward. The Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) within the U.S. Department of Commerce continually adjusts the National Income and Product Accounts data, with comprehensive revisions completed every 4 or 5 years. The last four major revisions (1985, 1991, 1995, and 1999) incorporated definitional and statistical changes, as well as emphasizing new ways of presenting the data. Also, prior to AEO1993 aggregate economic activity was measured and projected on the basis of Gross National Product (GNP) as opposed to Gross Domestic Product (GDP). For the period from 1984 through 2004, nominal GNP is on average approximately 0.45 percent above nominal GDP.

165

MAP and Planck vs the Real Universe  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Microwave Anisotropy Probe (MAP) and Planck Surveyor satellites promise to provide accurate maps of the sky at a range of frequencies and angular scales, from which it will be possible to extract estimates for cosmological parameters. But the real Universe is a nasty, messy place, full of non-linear astrophysics. It is certainly clear that MAP and Planck will fix the background cosmology at an unprecedented level. However, they will have to contend with everything that the Universe throws at them: multiple foregrounds; structure formation effects; and other complications we haven't even thought of yet. Some examples of such effects will be presented. Only an ideal, theorist's universe can be described by a number of free parameters in the single digits, while in reality it is likely that a greater wealth of information waits to be discovered. These `higher-order' processes should be considered as potentially measurable signals, rather than contaminants. The capabilities of Planck seem ideally suited to fully understanding the physics encoded in the microwave sky.

Douglas Scott

1998-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

166

Real-time Detection of Parametric Roll  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Early Detection of PArametric ROLL on Ships #12;Real-time Detection of Parametric Roll: FullReal-time Detection of Parametric Roll: Full-scale Validation Roberto Galeazzi Assistant Professor-time Detection of Parametric Roll: Full-scale validation CeSOS Highlights & AMOS Visions Conference 2 DTU

Nørvåg, Kjetil

167

A REAL-TIME AUTONOMOUS NAVIGATION ARCHITECTURE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A REAL-TIME AUTONOMOUS NAVIGATION ARCHITECTURE Gang Chen, Thierry Fraichard and Luis Martinez for autonomous navigation: perception, localisation, mapping, real-time motion planning and motion tracking. INTRODUCTION Autonomous navigation requires to solve a num- ber of challenging problems in domains as dif

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

168

Real Time Search User Behavior Real time search is an increasingly important area of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. The most frequently used terms accounted for only 0.03% of the total terms. Concerning search topics Web search. Searchers of real time content often repeat queries overtime, perhaps indicating long term content increasingly enters the main stream. Keywords Real time search, real time content, Collecta

Jansen, James

169

Student's algorithm solves real-world problem  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Student's algorithm solves real-world problem Student's algorithm solves real-world problem Supercomputing Challenge: student's algorithm solves real-world problem Students learn how to use powerful computers to analyze, model, and solve real-world problems. April 3, 2012 Jordon Medlock of Albuquerque's Manzano High School won the 2012 Lab-sponsored Supercomputing Challenge Jordon Medlock of Albuquerque's Manzano High School won the 2012 Lab-sponsored Supercomputing Challenge by creating a computer algorithm that automates the process of counting and analyzing plaques, substances in the blood such as fat and cholesterol found in persons diagnosed with Alzheimer's disease. Contact Kurt Steinhaus (505) 665-7370 Email "The mission of the Supercomputing Challenge is to teach students how to use powerful computers to analyze, model, and solve real-world problems,"

170

TG-1: Portable Instrument for Transient PM Measurements | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Laboratory 2003deergupta.pdf More Documents & Publications High-Energy, Pulsed-Laser Diagnostics for Real-Time Measurements of Reciprocating Engine PM Emissions...

171

Photorefractive holography for 2D mechanical vibrations measurement  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We report an efficient holographic setup for the real time measurement of 2D mechanical vibration modes in surfaces, based on the time-average holographic interferometry technique...

de Oliveira, Ivan; Frejlich, Jaime

172

Real-time Inter-modal Strategies for Airline Schedule Perturbation Recovery and Airport Congestion Mitigation under Collaborative Decision Making (CDM)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

airline operation center (AOC) 13 may cancel more flights,Evaluate Demand vs. Capacity Proposed GDP Advisory AOC SmartCancellation Problem AOC Response (Cancellations) Yes Is the

Zhang, Yu

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Math 111a, Fall 2013, Homework # 4 Measurable Functions and Measure Spaces  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Math 111a, Fall 2013, Homework # 4 Measurable Functions and Measure Spaces Unless otherwise specified, in all the problems below (X, A, µ) is a measure space, and subsets belonging to A are referred to as measurable. 1. (Lang, Problem 3 on p. 172) Let {fn} be a sequence of real-valued measurable functions on X

Kleinbock, Dmitry

174

Real-time seam tracking for rocket thrust chamber manufacturing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A sensor-based control approach for real-time seam tracking of rocket thrust chamber assemblies has been developed to enable automation of a braze paste dispensing process. This approach utilizes a non-contact Multi-Axis Seam Tracking (MAST) sensor to track the seams. Thee MAST sensor measures capacitance variations between the sensor and the workpiece and produces four varying voltages which are read directly into the robot controller. A PID control algorithm which runs at the application program level has been designed based upon a simple dynamic model of the combined robot and sensor plant. The control algorithm acts on the incoming sensor signals in real-time to guide the robot motion along the seam path. Experiments demonstrate that seams can be tracked at 100 mm/sec within the accuracy required for braze paste dispensing.

Schmitt, D.J.; Novak, J.L. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Starr, G.P. [New Mexico Univ., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Maslakowski, J.E. [Rockwell International Corp., Canoga Park, CA (United States). Rocketdyne Div.

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Errata  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

for the Annual Energy Outlook Forecast Evaluation for the Annual Energy Outlook Forecast Evaluation as of 7/14/04 The average absolute forecast errors for Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and energy intensity have been recalculated. In the case of GDP, the data for the actual historical values for 1991 through 2002 were inadvertently given in real dollars, when they should have been in nominal dollars. In the case of intensity, it was determined that the forecast error should be based on intensity defined as the ratio between two output variables already available in the forecast evaluation: total energy consumption measured in Btu and GDP in nominal dollars. Because the GDP deflator to convert nominal dollars to real dollars varies with each AEO, the nominal approach simplifies the calculations for this

176

A Portable Real Time Data Acquisition System for the Comparison of Floor Vibration Data with AISC Design Guide  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A portable real time vibration measurement data acquisition system was assembled with the intentionA Portable Real Time Data Acquisition System for the Comparison of Floor Vibration Data with AISC. THEORETICAL BACKGROUND In response to the increasing incidence of vibration problems in modern floor systems

Hines, Eric

177

Property:Real-Time | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Real-Time Real-Time Jump to: navigation, search Property Name Real-Time Property Type String Pages using the property "Real-Time" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 1 1.5-ft Wave Flume Facility + No + 10-ft Wave Flume Facility + No + 11-ft Wave Flume Facility + No + 2 2-ft Flume Facility + No + 3 3-ft Wave Flume Facility + No + 5 5-ft Wave Flume Facility + No + 6 6-ft Wave Flume Facility + No + A Alden Large Flume + Yes + Alden Small Flume + Yes + Alden Tow Tank + Yes + Alden Wave Basin + Yes + B Breakwater Research Facility + No + Bucknell Hydraulic Flume + No + C Carderock 2-ft Variable Pressure Cavitation Water Tunnel + No + Carderock 3-ft Variable Pressure Cavitation Water Tunnel + No + Carderock Circulating Water Channel + No +

178

Turkish residential real estate investment analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper examines the investment potential for Turkish Residential Real Estate Market, focusing mainly on Istanbul. With a stable economy since 2002, dynamic population, geo-political location and the potential accession ...

Ciller, Berk (Berk U.)

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

POLYNOMIAL HIERARCHY, BETTI NUMBERS AND A REAL ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1. Introduction and Main Results. In this paper we study the relationship between the computational hardness of two important classes ... 1.1.1. Real analogue of PH. The following definitions are well known. ...... MR 1998147 (2004g:14064). 5.

2008-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

180

Real time vibraphone pitch and timbre classification :  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Pitch Tracking . . . . . . B Percussion Classi?cation CDIEGO Real Time Vibraphone Pitch and Timbre Classi?cation ABrown, G. J. , 2003: A multi-pitch tracking algorithm for

Larke, Kevin

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "measured real gdp" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

REAL TIME SYSTEM OPERATIONS 2006-2007  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

based on real?time PMU data  by observing the differences as  analysis of WECC PMU data.  The recommended analysis approach.   V (pu) P-V curve PMU data P (pu) P-V curve PMU

Eto, Joseph H.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Gaiam Real Goods | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Gaiam Real Goods Gaiam Real Goods Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Gaiam Real Goods Name Gaiam Real Goods Address 833 W So. Boulder Rd Place Boulder, Colorado Zip 80307 Sector Solar Product PV panel, efficient lighting distributor Website http://www.gaiam.com/realgoods Coordinates 39.986413°, -105.198189° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":39.986413,"lon":-105.198189,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

183

On real number labelings and graph invertibility  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

For non-negative real x"0 and simple graph G, @l"x"""0","1(G) is the minimum span over all labelings that assign real numbers to the vertices of G such that adjacent vertices receive labels that differ by at least x"0 and vertices at distance two receive ... Keywords: ?-invertible, ?j,k-labeling, ?x,1-labeling, Distance-constrained labeling, Kneser graphs, Self-complementary graphs

Jeong-Ok Choi; John Georges; David Mauro; Yan Wang

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

The impact of uncertainty and risk measures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

papers indicating crude oil price shocks as a contributingdifferent measures of the crude oil price volatility series.of real average crude oil prices from 1957Q1 to 2010Q1

Jo, Soojin; Jo, Soojin

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Invertible extensions of continuous maps Real symmetric functions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Invertible extensions of continuous maps Real symmetric functions Covering dimension Bass and topological stable rank Real symmetric extensions of invertible tuples of multivariable continuous functions;Invertible extensions of continuous maps Real symmetric functions Covering dimension Bass and topological

Mortini, Raymond

186

Real-time human collaboration monitoring and intervention  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method of and apparatus for monitoring and intervening in, in real time, a collaboration between a plurality of subjects comprising measuring indicia of physiological and cognitive states of each of the plurality of subjects, communicating the indicia to a monitoring computer system, with the monitoring computer system, comparing the indicia with one or more models of previous collaborative performance of one or more of the plurality of subjects, and with the monitoring computer system, employing the results of the comparison to communicate commands or suggestions to one or more of the plurality of subjects.

Merkle, Peter B. (Sandia Park, NM); Johnson, Curtis M. (Sandia Park, NM); Jones, Wendell B. (Albuquerque, NM); Yonas, Gerold (Albuquerque, NM); Doser, Adele B. (Albuquerque, NM); Warner, David J. (Rancho Santa Fe, CA)

2010-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

187

Model Simulating Real Domestic Hot Water Use - Building America...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Model Simulating Real Domestic Hot Water Use - Building America Top Innovation Model Simulating Real Domestic Hot Water Use - Building America Top Innovation Image of a pipe...

188

Impact of Real Field Diesel Quality Variability on Engine Emissions...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Real Field Diesel Quality Variability on Engine Emissions and Fuel Consumption Solutions for Onboard Optimisation Impact of Real Field Diesel Quality Variability on Engine...

189

FY 2014 Real Property Data Related to Operations and Maintenance...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

FY 2014 Real Property Data Related to Operations and Maintenance Guidance FY 2014 Real Property Data Related to Operations and Maintenance Guidance FY2014DataRelatedtoOperatio...

190

2014 Federal Real Property Council Reporting Guidance | Department...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

4 Federal Real Property Council Reporting Guidance 2014 Federal Real Property Council Reporting Guidance FY 2014 FRPP Data Dictionary Version 2 July 2014.pdf More Documents &...

191

FY 2014 Federal Real Property Reporting Requirement | Department...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Federal Real Property Reporting Requirement FY 2014 Federal Real Property Reporting Requirement FIMS FRPP FY 2014 Reporting Instructions Signed Sep 18 2014 .pdf More Documents &...

192

Real-Time Optimization Strategies for Building Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Jul 2, 2011 ... Abstract: We propose real-time optimization strategies for energy ... proactive, optimization, real-time, electricity markets, energy management.

Victor Zavala

2011-07-02T23:59:59.000Z

193

Comparison of Real World Energy Consumption to Models and DOE...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Comparison of Real World Energy Consumption to Models and DOE Test Procedures Comparison of Real World Energy Consumption to Models and DOE Test Procedures This study investigates...

194

Department of Energy and Commercial Real Estate Executives Launch...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Commercial Real Estate Executives Launch Alliance to Reduce Energy Consumption of Buildings Department of Energy and Commercial Real Estate Executives Launch Alliance to Reduce...

195

Hybrid Electric Vehicles: How They Perform in the Real World | Department  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Hybrid Electric Vehicles: How They Perform in the Real World Hybrid Electric Vehicles: How They Perform in the Real World Hybrid Electric Vehicles: How They Perform in the Real World October 5, 2009 - 11:27am Addthis John Lippert One advantage of working on a U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) support team is that I'm exposed to the impressive work DOE is doing to develop and promote advanced energy technologies. I'm particularly impressed with the data DOE has gathered as part of the Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA) on many of the makes and models of hybrid-electric vehicles (HEVs) commercially available in the United States. The AVTA works with government, commercial, and industry fleets to measure real-world vehicle performance of production and pre-production advanced technology vehicles and makes this information available to fleets and the general public.

196

Commercial Real Estate: Looking for Energy Solutions  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Real Estate: Real Estate: Looking for Energy Solutions Turn to an ENERGY STAR ® Service and Product Provider Partner ENERGY STAR Service and Product Providers (SPPs) have the experience and tools to implement energy-efficient strategies that are right for you. Following the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) Guidelines for Energy Management, a proven strategy devel- oped from ENERGY STAR partner successes, SPPs can help your organization gain control of energy consumption and costs. Energy Efficiency Benefits the Commercial Real Estate Industry, Your Tenants, and the Environment ENERGY STAR SPPs can help building owners and managers reap the financial and environmental benefits of superior energy efficiency. Energy use is the single largest operating expense in commercial office

197

Real Property Asset Management | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Services » Site & Facility Restoration » Facility Engineering » Services » Site & Facility Restoration » Facility Engineering » Real Property Asset Management Real Property Asset Management The Real Property Asset Management (RPAM) portion of Deactivation & Decommissioning/Facility Engineering (D&D/FE) presents a driving programmatic challenge within the EM-D&D Clean-up program effort which currently involves 114 sites with 4,900 buildings and other structures which currently account for 28 percent of the Department's assets. The overall goal of RPAM is to ensure sustainment for enduring EM facilities by: Funding maintenance for worker safety and health and mission readiness, Identifying and implementing best practices and lessons learned from existing efforts, and Developing new tools and processes to mitigate risk

198

RealEnergy Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

RealEnergy Inc RealEnergy Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name RealEnergy Inc Place Yountville, California Zip 94599 Product Installer and manager of distributed energy capacity. Helps companies with office or light manufacturing premises apply for grants and then implement CHP solutions. Coordinates 38.403455°, -122.361839° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":38.403455,"lon":-122.361839,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

199

Axial Tomography from Digitized Real Time Radiography  

DOE R&D Accomplishments [OSTI]

Axial tomography from digitized real time radiographs provides a useful tool for industrial radiography and tomography. The components of this system are: x-ray source, image intensifier, video camera, video line extractor and digitizer, data storage and reconstruction computers. With this system it is possible to view a two dimensional x-ray image in real time at each angle of rotation and select the tomography plane of interest by choosing which video line to digitize. The digitization of a video line requires less than a second making data acquisition relatively short. Further improvements on this system are planned and initial results are reported.

Zolnay, A. S.; McDonald, W. M.; Doupont, P. A.; McKinney, R. L.; Lee, M. M.

1985-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

200

The Millenium Development Goals and Tobacco Control  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

projected population from the United Nations World Population Prospects (2000 Revision), and an average annual growth rate of real GDP

World Health Organization

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "measured real gdp" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Modern Real Analysis William P. Ziemer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the fact that the theory of functions of one real variable is the core of the subject. ... equalized and they will be prepared to pursue the main thrust of the book. The text ... A chapter on elementary functional analysis is followed by one on the Daniell ...... methods discussed so far, namely, by cardinality, topological density, or.

2013-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

202

Real Time Grid Reliability Management 2005  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The increased need to manage California?s electricity grid in real time is a result of the ongoing transition from a system operated by vertically-integrated utilities serving native loads to one operated by an independent system operator supporting competitive energy markets. During this transition period, the traditional approach to reliability management -- construction of new transmission lines -- has not been pursued due to unresolved issues related to the financing and recovery of transmission project costs. In the absence of investments in new transmission infrastructure, the best strategy for managing reliability is to equip system operators with better real-time information about actual operating margins so that they can better understand and manage the risk of operating closer to the edge. A companion strategy is to address known deficiencies in offline modeling tools that are needed to ground the use of improved real-time tools. This project: (1) developed and conducted first-ever demonstrations of two prototype real-time software tools for voltage security assessment and phasor monitoring; and (2) prepared a scoping study on improving load and generator response models. Additional funding through two separate subsequent work authorizations has already been provided to build upon the work initiated in this project.

Eto, Joe; Eto, Joe; Lesieutre, Bernard; Lewis, Nancy Jo; Parashar, Manu

2008-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

203

Production of real?time holographic interferograms  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The equipment and procedure needed to produce view and record good quality real?time holographic interferograms in the undergraduate laboratory are described in step?by?step detail. Major concerns in the production processing and viewing are discussed further. Some investigations are suggested.

Keith Lubell; Robert Prigo

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Real time acquisition and PC to PC wireless transmission of human carotid pulse waveform  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Carotid pulse is an established physiological parameter used to deduce cardiac information. Technological advances allow non-invasive measurement of carotid waveform, but involve complex electronics. Simple and relatively inexpensive method is devised ... Keywords: Carotid pulse, Digital filters, Non-invasive, Piezo-electric sensor, Real time, Wireless

Dipali Bansal; Munna Khan; Ashok K. Salhan

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

IVSS-2005-ARC-04 Intelligent Vehicle Based Architecture for Real-Time Monitoring  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in cars for various other applications like inertial guidance systems, and crash detection for air- bag. 59 #12;ACOUSTIC WAVES OF RESPIRATORY SYSTEM DETECTING SENSOR A number of statistical measuresIVSS-2005-ARC-04 Intelligent Vehicle Based Architecture for Real-Time Monitoring of Soldiers

Mahmud, Syed Masud

206

Forecasting Agriculturally Driven Global Environmental Change  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...of each variable on GDP (13, 17), combined with global GDP projections (14...population, and per capita GDP, combined with projected...measure of agricultural demand for water, is forecast...Just as demand for energy is the major cause...

David Tilman; Joseph Fargione; Brian Wolff; Carla D'Antonio; Andrew Dobson; Robert Howarth; David Schindler; William H. Schlesinger; Daniel Simberloff; Deborah Swackhamer

2001-04-13T23:59:59.000Z

207

U.S. Energy-Related Carbon Dioxide Emissions, 2013  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

product (GDP) and energy is measured in Btu to allow for the summing of all energy forms (energyGDP or BtuGDP). On an economy-wide level, it is reflective of both energy...

208

China Energy Efficiency Round Robin Testing Results for Room Air Conditioners  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

decrease in energy consumption per unit GDP in the "Eleventh40-50% reduction in energy consumption per unit GDP by 2020measured by energy consumption per unit GDP in the “The 11th

Zhou, Nan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Annual Energy Outlook with Projections to 2025 - Market Trends  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Market Drivers Market Drivers Annual Energy Outlook 2005 Market Trends - Market Drivers Strong Economic Growth Is Expected To Continue Figure 35. Average annual growth rates of real GDP and economic factors, 1995-2025 (percent). Having problems, call our National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800 for help. Figure data The output of the NationÂ’s economy, measured by GDP, is projected to grow by 3.1 percent per year between 2003 and 2025 (with GDP based on 2000 chain-weighted dollars) (Figure 35). The labor force is projected to increase by 0.9 percent per year between 2003 and 2025. Labor productivity growth in the nonfarm business sector is projected at 2.2 percent per year. Compared with the second half of the 1990s, the rates of growth in GDP and nonfarm employment were lower from 2000 through 2002. Economic growth has

210

Economic Forces Driving Agriculture and the Seed Industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, 1980-2012 with projections until 2030 #12;World map weighted by GDP in 1960 #12;Real Gross Domestic;Population and real per capita GDP in `000 2005 dollars, 2012 and 2030 projections (US per capita income in 2050 Total population (est.) = 9.07 billion 11 #12;U.S. and world real per capita GDP in 2005 dollars

California at Davis, University of

211

Real-time monitoring of the TVA power system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This article describes how the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) is experimenting with one of the many concepts for the uses of phasor measurements, that of utilizing phasor measurement units (PMUs) as a state estimation system. However, the term state estimation no longer applies; what is being performed is a state determination in near real-time. The PMU is a transducer that can measure voltage and current with very high accuracy. It has the ability to calculate watts, vars, frequency, and phase angle twelve times per power line cycle. The PMU can be placed in the power system so as to provide time-stamped voltage and current phasors that can be used as state variables. Input from other PMUs throughout the power system can be synchronized to within 1 microsecond via the Global Positioning System (GPS). These real-time state variables provided by the PMUs allow state estimation to be replaced by state determination. The PMUs monitoring the power system can also provide the necessary data to accurately depict events and disturbances. The PMU can be set to be triggered by an event or disturbance. A user-defined table of data, including pretrigger data, which is the sampled data for a specified interval, is stored in the PMU. The data from a single PMU can be retrieved and analyzed by popular data analysis packages to show the performance of control and protection equipment. The tables retrieved from a network of PMUs can be used to determine the system response to these events and disturbances.

Cease, T.W.; Feldhaus, B. (Univ. of Tennessee, Chattanooga, TN (United States))

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Toward natural interaction in the real world: real-time gesture recognition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Using a new hand tracking technology capable of tracking 3D hand postures in real-time, we developed a recognition system for continuous natural gestures. By natural gestures, we mean those encountered in spontaneous ...

Yin, Ying

213

First real time detection of Be7 solar neutrinos by Borexino  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper reports a direct measurement of the Be7 solar neutrino signal rate performed with the Borexino low background liquid scintillator detector. This is the first real-time spectral measurement of sub-MeV solar neutrinos. The result for 0.862 MeV Be7 is 47 +- 7 (stat} +- 12 (sys} counts/(day x 100 ton), consistent with predictions of Standard Solar Models and neutrino oscillations with LMA-MSW parameters.

Borexino Collaboration

2007-09-07T23:59:59.000Z

214

Technical Qualifications for Treating Photovoltaic Assets as Real Property by Real Estate Investment Trusts (REITs)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

It has been proposed that Real Estate Investment Trusts (REITs) have the potential to lower the cost and increase the adoption of photovoltaic systems (PV) by offering a more attractive source of capital. The purpose of this paper is to explain the fundamental physical characteristics of PV and compare them to the characteristics of 'real' property, to help determine whether REITs can own PV systems.

Feldman, D.; Mendelsohn, M.; Coughlin, J.

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Real Time Grid Reliability Management 2005  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Interest Energy Research Phasor Measurement Units PublicMeasurement Unit (PMU) Installation Process and Cost Estimates”, Report prepared for San Diego Gas & Electric and California Energy

Eto, Joe

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Real Time Grid Reliability Management 2005  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Phasor Measurement Unit (PMU) data to calculate “distance toPhasor Measurement Unit (PMU) data to calculate “distance tobe determined based on PMU data. The analysis is conducted

Eto, Joe

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Development of a High Resolution, Real Time, Distribution-Level Metering System and Associated Visualization, Modeling, and Data Analysis Functions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

NREL is developing measurement devices and a supporting data collection network specifically targeted at electrical distribution systems to support research in this area. This paper describes the measurement network which is designed to apply real-time and high speed (sub-second) measurement principles to distribution systems that are already common for the transmission level in the form of phasor measurement units and related technologies.

Bank, J.; Hambrick, J.

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Southern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading Economic IndicatorIndicatorIndicatorIndicator Aug 2013 Center for Economic Analysis and Forecasting (CEAF), California  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

U.S. economic activity, often measured by real GDP growth, is expected to increase in the next three and Real GDP -4.0 -2.0 0.0 2.0 4.0 6.0 09.2 09.3 09.4 10.1 10.2 10.3 10.4 11.1 11.2 11.3 11.4 12.1 12.2 12). The SC indicator currently projects an increase in Southern California economic activity in the next

de Lijser, Peter

219

Southern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading Economic IndicatorIndicatorIndicatorIndicator November 2012 Institute for Economic and Environmental Studies (IEES), C  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Indicator U.S. economic activity, often measured by real GDP growth, is expected to increase in the next Indicators and Real GDP -10.0 -8.0 -6.0 -4.0 -2.0 0.0 2.0 4.0 6.0 08.3 08.4 09.1 09.2 09.3 09.4 10.1 10.2 10 (Figure 4). The SC indicator currently projects an increase in Southern California economic activity

de Lijser, Peter

220

Real Goods Solar Fresno | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Fresno Fresno Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Real Goods Solar Fresno Name Real Goods Solar Fresno Address 3109 N. Miami Avenue #101 Place Fresno, California Zip 93727 Sector Solar Year founded 1978 Phone number 559-457-8365 Website http://www.realgoodssolar.com Coordinates 36.778419°, -119.689961° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":36.778419,"lon":-119.689961,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "measured real gdp" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Real Goods Solar Murrieta | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Murrieta Murrieta Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Real Goods Solar Murrieta Name Real Goods Solar Murrieta Address 41690 Corporate Center Drive Place Murrieta, California Zip 92562 Sector Solar Year founded 1978 Phone number 951-927-0782 Website http://www.realgoodssolar.com Coordinates 33.5278741°, -117.1792462° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":33.5278741,"lon":-117.1792462,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

222

Real Goods Solar Campbell | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Goods Solar Campbell Goods Solar Campbell Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Real Goods Solar Campbell Name Real Goods Solar Campbell Address 1624 Dell Avenue Place Campbell, California Zip 95008 Sector Solar Year founded 1978 Phone number 408-370-3600 Website http://www.realgoodssolar.com Coordinates 37.26282°, -121.956767° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":37.26282,"lon":-121.956767,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

223

Real Goods Solar Ukiah | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ukiah Ukiah Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Real Goods Solar Ukiah Name Real Goods Solar Ukiah Address 301 L Kunzler Ranch Rd Place Ukiah, California Zip 95482 Sector Solar Year founded 1978 Phone number 707-468-9300 Website http://www.realgoodssolar.com Coordinates 39.1777031°, -123.207505° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":39.1777031,"lon":-123.207505,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

224

Real time gamma-ray signature identifier  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A real time gamma-ray signature/source identification method and system using principal components analysis (PCA) for transforming and substantially reducing one or more comprehensive spectral libraries of nuclear materials types and configurations into a corresponding concise representation/signature(s) representing and indexing each individual predetermined spectrum in principal component (PC) space, wherein an unknown gamma-ray signature may be compared against the representative signature to find a match or at least characterize the unknown signature from among all the entries in the library with a single regression or simple projection into the PC space, so as to substantially reduce processing time and computing resources and enable real-time characterization and/or identification.

Rowland, Mark (Alamo, CA); Gosnell, Tom B. (Moraga, CA); Ham, Cheryl (Livermore, CA); Perkins, Dwight (Livermore, CA); Wong, James (Dublin, CA)

2012-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

225

Visualizations for Real-time Pricing Demonstration  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this paper, the visualization tools created for monitoring the operations of a real-time pricing demonstration system that runs at a distribution feeder level are presented. The information these tools provide gives insights into demand behavior from automated price responsive devices, distribution feeder characteristics, impact of weather on system’s development, and other significant dynamics. Given the large number of devices that bid into a feeder-level real-time electricity market, new techniques are explored to summarize the present state of the system and contrast that with previous trends as well as future projections. To better understand the system behavior and correctly inform decision-making procedures, effective visualization of the data is imperative.

Marinovici, Maria C.; Hammerstrom, Janelle L.; Widergren, Steven E.; Dayley, Greg K.

2014-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

226

real_property_asset_ver_10.indd  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Management, Budget and Evaluation. The point of contact for this document is Eduard A. Dailide, P Management, Budget and Evaluation. The point of contact for this document is Eduard A. Dailide, P .E. who can be reached at (202) 586-5422 or by e-mail to ed.dailide@hq.doe.gov. Cover Photo: Night, in the form of a crescent moon, overtakes the fading light of day beyond Wilson Hall at Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory. i DEPUTY SECRETARY'S MESSAGE I am proud to present the Department of Energy's 2005 Real Property Asset Management Plan. The success of the Department of Energy in meet- ing its mission is directly linked to the effi cient and effective management of its real property portfolio. The portfolio is comprised of diverse, technically complex, and one-of-a-kind facilities with a value of over $77 billion. It is a mission enabler not only

227

Real-time, single-step bioassay using nanoplasmonic resonator with ultra-high sensitivity  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A nanoplasmonic resonator (NPR) comprising a metallic nanodisk with alternating shielding layer(s), having a tagged biomolecule conjugated or tethered to the surface of the nanoplasmonic resonator for highly sensitive measurement of enzymatic activity. NPRs enhance Raman signals in a highly reproducible manner, enabling fast detection of protease and enzyme activity, such as Prostate Specific Antigen (paPSA), in real-time, at picomolar sensitivity levels. Experiments on extracellular fluid (ECF) from paPSA-positive cells demonstrate specific detection in a complex bio-fluid background in real-time single-step detection in very small sample volumes.

Zhang, Xiang; Ellman, Jonathan A; Chen, Fanqing Frank; Su, Kai-Hang; Wei, Qi-Huo; Sun, Cheng

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Real-Time Demand Side Energy Management  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Real-Time Demand Side Energy Management Annelize Victor Michael Brodkorb Sr. Business Consultant Business Development Manager Aspen Technology, Inc. Aspen Technology España, S.A. Houston, TX Barcelona, Spain ABSTRACT To remain... competitive, manufacturers must capture opportunities to increase bottom-line profitability. The goal of this paper is to present a new methodology for reducing energy costs – “Demand-Side Energy Management.” Learn how process manufacturers assess energy...

Victor, A.; Brodkorb, M.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Real Time Monitoring: Achieving Energy Efficiency  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ABSTRACT: IECBO?s International Conference for Enhanced Building Operations November 17-18, 2009 Austin, Texas. Energy @ Work www.Energy-Efficiency.com File: Rouse_ Abstract Contact: scott.rouse@energy-efficiency....com, (416) 402-0525 Proposal Type: o Electronic proposal for presentation Title of Paper: o Real Time Monitoring: Achieving Energy Efficiency! Conference: o ICEBO?s International Conference for Enhanced Building Operations Submitted by: o...

Rouse, S.

230

Multifunctional Nanowire/Film Composites-Based Bimodular Sensors for In Situ, Real-Time High Temperature Gas Detection  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Multifunctional Nanowire/Film Multifunctional Nanowire/Film Composites-Based Bimodular Sensors for In Situ, Real-Time High Temperature Gas Detection Background Real time monitoring of combustion gas composition is important for improving the efficiency of combustion processes and reducing the emission of pollutants. However, such measurement usually requires sensors to be operated at high temperatures in harsh environments. Currently, commercially available sensor technology capable of withstanding such harsh environments is extremely

231

Real-gas effects in the expansibility factor for subsonic differential-pressure flowmeters at high pressure  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Real-gas corrections in the expansibility factor are expressed by an equation of state (EOS). In this paper a virial EOS is introduced, with low-order virial coefficients calculated from a cubic EOS. The approach is composition-independent. EOS-dependent cancellations between real-gas effects are revealed. The current Intl. Organization for Standardization (ISO) standard is not always reliable for high-accuracy orifice measurements of gases with arbitrary composition.

Finjord, J. (Rogaland U. Center (NO))

1991-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

On the Product of Real Spectral Triples  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The product of two real spectral triples {A1,H1,D1,J1,gamma1} and {A2,H2,D2,J2(,gamma2)}, the first of which is necessarily even, was defined by A.Connes as {A,H,D,J(,gamma)} given by A=A1 x A2,H=H1 x H2, D=D1 x I2 + gamma1 x D2, J=J1 x J2 and by, in the even-even case, gamma=gamma1 x gamma2. Generically it is assumed that the real structure J obeys the relations J^2=epsilon Id, JD=epsilon' DJ, Jgamma = epsilon'' gammaJ, where the epsilon-sign table depends on the dimension n, modulo 8, of the spectral triple. If both spectral triples obey Connes' epsilon-sign table, it is seen that their product, defined in the straightforward way above, does not necessarily obey this epsilon-sign table. In this note, we propose an alternative definition of the product real structure such that the epsilon-sign table is also satisfied by the product.

F. J. Vanhecke

1999-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

233

Development of Real-Time Coal Monitoring Instrument  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Relying on coal for energy requires optimizing the extraction of heat content from various blends of coal fuel and reducing harmful constituents and byproducts. Having a real-time measurement instrument provides relevant information about toxic constituents released in the atmosphere from burning coal and optimizes the performance of a power plant. A few commercial instruments exist and have been in operation for more than a decade. However, most of these instruments are based on radioactive sources and are bulky, expensive and time-consuming. The proposed instrument is based on the Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS). The advantage of LIBS is that it is a standoff instrument, does not require sample preparation and provides precise information about sample constituents.

Rajan Gurjar, Ph.D.

2010-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

234

Building America: Research for Real-World Results | Department...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Building America: Research for Real-World Results Building America: Research for Real-World Results December 17, 2014 3:00PM to 4:30PM EST For 20 years, the U.S. Department of...

235

German public real estate open-ended funds in Japan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The German real estate open-ended fund, a major indirect real estate investment vehicle for German individual investors, is now suffering a strong pressure of globalization from its investors because of the sluggish German ...

Hayashi, Rokuhei

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

HEAVY-DUTY TRUCK EMISSIONS AND FUEL CONSUMPTION SIMULATING REAL...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

HEAVY-DUTY TRUCK EMISSIONS AND FUEL CONSUMPTION SIMULATING REAL-WORLD DRIVING IN LABORATORY CONDITIONS HEAVY-DUTY TRUCK EMISSIONS AND FUEL CONSUMPTION SIMULATING REAL-WORLD DRIVING...

237

Computing on Analog Neural Nets with Arbitrary Real Weights  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that the real valued output of the output gate gout of N is \\rounded o ". More precisely, we assume is \\1" whenever the real valued output z of gout satis es z Tout, and \\0" if z

Maass, Wolfgang

238

A Note on Fuzzy Real and Complex Field  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Using the concept of fuzzy field, we have considered the fuzzy field of real and complex numbers and thereafter we have established a few standard results of real and complex numbers with respect to a membership function.

T. K. Samanta

2008-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

239

NREL: Awards and Honors - Real-Time Biomass Analysis  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Real-Time Biomass Analysis Developers: Dr. Bob Meglen, Dr. Steve Kelly, and Dr. Bonnie Hames, National Renewable Energy Laboratory. Real-Time Biomass Analysis (RTBA), is a portable...

240

Figure ES2. Annual Indices of Real Disposable Income, Vehicle...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

ES2 Figure ES2. Annual Indices of Real Disposable Income, Vehicle-Miles Traveled, Consumer Price Index (CPI-U), and Real Average Retail Gasoline Price, 1978-2004, 1985100...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "measured real gdp" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Impacts of project management on real option values  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

reduces the value of real options. The example of resource allocation is used to test this hypothesis. Based on the results, it is concluded that project management reduces the value of real options by reducing variance of the exercise signal...

Bhargav, Shilpa Anandrao

2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

242

Ames Lab 101: Real-Time 3D Imaging  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Ames Laboratory scientist Song Zhang explains his real-time 3-D imaging technology. The technique can be used to create high-resolution, real-time, precise, 3-D images for use in healthcare, security, and entertainment applications.

Zhang, Song

2012-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

243

Evaluating and mitigating execution risk in Indian real estate development  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Real estate development is a complex process in which developers and equity investors look to capitalize on favorable financial markets and economic forces to produce investment returns. Real estate development is a risky ...

Howard, Neal (Neal David)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Real time assimilation of HF radar currents into a coastal ocean model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A real time assimilation and forecasting system for coastal currents is presented. The purpose of the system is to deliver current analyses and forecasts based on assimilation of high frequency radar surface current measurements. The local Vessel Traffic Service monitoring the ship traffic to two oil terminals on the coast of Norway received the analyses and forecasts in real time. A new assimilation method based on optimal interpolation is presented where spatial covariances derived from an ocean model are used instead of simplified mathematical formulations. An array of high frequency radar antennae provide the current measurements. A suite of nested ocean models comprise the model system. The observing system is found to yield good analyses and short range forecasts that are significantly improved compared to a model twin without assimilation. The system is fast; analysis and six hour forecasts are ready at the Vessel Traffic Service 45 minutes after acquisition of radar measurements.

Breivik, Øyvind; 10.1016/S0924-7963(01)00002-1

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Feedback Control RealTime Scheduling: Framework, Modeling, and Algorithms *  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Feedback Control Real­Time Scheduling: Framework, Modeling, and Algorithms * Chenyang Lu John A}@virginia.edu Abstract This paper presents a feedback control real­time scheduling (FCS) framework for adaptive real. In particular, we establish a dynamic model and performance analysis of several feedback control scheduling

Son, Sang H.

246

Feedback Control Real-Time Scheduling: Framework, Modeling, and Algorithms*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Feedback Control Real-Time Scheduling: Framework, Modeling, and Algorithms* Chenyang Lu John A}@virginia.edu Abstract This paper presents a feedback control real-time scheduling (FCS) framework for adaptive real. In particular, we establish a dynamic model and performance analysis of several feedback control scheduling

Son, Sang H.

247

Mining, Modeling, and Analyzing Real-Time Social Trails  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-time social trails that reflect the digital footprints of crowds of real-time web users in response to real-world events or online phenomena. These digital footprints correspond to the artifacts strewn across the real-time web like posting of messages...

Kamath, Krishna Y

2013-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

248

''Measuring the Costs of Climate Change Policies''  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Studies of the costs of climate change policies have utilized a variety of measures or metrics for summarizing costs. The leading economic models have utilized GNP, GDP, the ''area under a marginal cost curve,'' the discounted present value of consumption, and a welfare measure taken directly from the utility function of the model's representative agent (the ''Equivalent Variation''). Even when calculated using a single model, these metrics do not necessarily give similar magnitudes of costs or even rank policies consistently. This paper discusses in non-technical terms the economic concepts lying behind each concept, the theoretical basis for expecting each measure to provide a consistent ranking of policies, and the reasons why different measures provide different rankings. It identifies a method of calculating the ''Equivalent Variation'' as theoretically superior to the other cost metrics in ranking policies. When regulators put forward new economic or regulatory policies, there is a need to compare the costs and benefits of these new policies to existing policies and other alternatives to determine which policy is most cost-effective. For command and control policies, it is quite difficult to compute costs, but for more market-based policies, economists have had a great deal of success employing general equilibrium models to assess a policy's costs. Not all cost measures, however, arrive at the same ranking. Furthermore, cost measures can produce contradictory results for a specific policy. These problems make it difficult for a policy-maker to determine the best policy. For a cost measures to be of value, one would like to be confident of two things. First one wants to be sure whether the policy is a winner or loser. Second, one wants to be confident that a measure produces the correct policy ranking. That is, one wants to have confidence in a policy measure's ability to correctly rank policies from most beneficial to most harmful. This paper analyzes empirically these two properties of different costs measures as they pertain to assessing the costs of the carbon abatement policies, especially the Kyoto Protocol, under alternative assumptions about implementation.

Montgomery, W. D.; Smith, A. E.; Biggar, S. L.; Bernstein, P.M.

2003-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

249

Baton Rouge Complex Steam Real Time Optimization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Baton Rouge Complex Steam Real Time Optimization IETC 2014 New Orleans, Louisiana Tope Iyun ExxonMobil Chemical Company May 22, 2014 ESL-IE-14-05-32 Proceedings of the Thrity-Sixth Industrial Energy Technology Conference New Orleans, LA. May 20...-23, 2014 Proprietary 2 Agenda • Baton Rouge Complex • Steam System Overview • Energy Efficiency Improvement Strategy • Site-Wide Steam System Optimization • Results • Benefits/Wrap-Up ESL-IE-14-05-32 Proceedings of the Thrity-Sixth Industrial Energy...

Iyun, T.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

REAL ESTATE FOUNDATION OF BRITISH COLUMBIA PARTNERING FUND The intent of the Real Estate Foundation of British Columbia Partnering Fund,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

REAL ESTATE FOUNDATION OF BRITISH COLUMBIA PARTNERING FUND GUIDELINES The intent of the Real Estate Foundation of British Columbia Partnering Fund, generated by an endowment to UNBC by the Real Estate Foundation of BC, is to assist faculty and students in obtaining and leveraging funding for research

Northern British Columbia, University of

251

Performance Evaluation of Real Time Formaldehyde Monitors: PTR-MS and  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Performance Evaluation of Real Time Formaldehyde Monitors: PTR-MS and Performance Evaluation of Real Time Formaldehyde Monitors: PTR-MS and Interscan 4160-500B Portable Monitor Title Performance Evaluation of Real Time Formaldehyde Monitors: PTR-MS and Interscan 4160-500B Portable Monitor Publication Type Report LBNL Report Number LBNL-6357E Year of Publication 2013 Authors Sidheswaran, Meera A., Sebastian Cohn, Douglas P. Sullivan, and Lara A. Gundel Publisher Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory City Berkeley Abstract Executive Summary Exposure to volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in buildings is a health hazard. Of particular concern is formaldehyde, a ubiquitous carcinogen emitted from furnishings and adhesives in homes and offices. Practitioners and researchers in the area of building performance are very interested in measuring formaldehyde in homes, and they need instrumentation that responds immediately. Current formaldehyde monitoring techniques are hampered by interfering substances in the sample airstream, compromising measurement accuracy and leading to drift. Many experts are now using a tabletop real-time formaldehyde instrument, the Interscan 4160-2, that LBNL researchers have found to be very sensitive to water vapor and low levels of volatile organic compounds (VOCs). Unless ways are found to remove these interferences, relying on the Interscan's readings in buildings will lead to the wrong conclusions about formaldehyde levels and could trigger subsequent unnecessary expense and/or inappropriate responses.

252

A Practical Framework for Sharing and Rendering Real-World Bidirectional  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

A Practical Framework for Sharing and Rendering Real-World Bidirectional A Practical Framework for Sharing and Rendering Real-World Bidirectional Scattering Distribution Functions Title A Practical Framework for Sharing and Rendering Real-World Bidirectional Scattering Distribution Functions Publication Type Report LBNL Report Number LBNL-5954E Year of Publication 2012 Authors Ward, Gregory J., Murat Kurt, and Nicolas Bonneel Date Published 10/2012 Keywords building technology and urban systems department, windows and envelope materials group Abstract The utilization of real-world materials has been hindered by a lack of standards for sharing and interpreting measured data. This paper presents an XML representation and an Open Source C library to support bidirectional scattering distribution functions (BSDFs) in data-driven lighting simulation and rendering applications.The library provides for the efficient representation, query, and Monte Carlo sampling of arbitrary BSDFs in amodel-free framework. Currently, we support two BSDF data representations: one using a fixed subdivision of thehemisphere, and one with adaptive density. The fixed type has advantages for certain matrix operations, while theadaptive type can more accurately represent highly peaked data. We discuss advanced methods for data-driven BSDF rendering for both types, including the proxy of detailed geometry to enhance appearance and accuracy. We also present an advanced interpolation method to reduce measured data into these standard representations. We end with our plan for future extensions and sharing of BSDF data.

253

Why Do Companies Rent Green? Real Property and Corporate Social Responsibility  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

this choice of “sustainable” real estate may be importantpredisposed to seek “sustainable’” real estate may allowdevelopment of sustainable commercial real estate and for

Eichholtz, Piet; Kok, Nils; Quigley, John M.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

vibration measurement  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

vibration measurement ? Erschütterungsmessung, Schwingungsmessung f [Schwingungsmessungen dienen dazu, die Schwingungsanfälligkeit von Bauwerken realitätsnah zu erfassen

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Department of Energy and Commercial Real Estate Executives Launch Alliance  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

and Commercial Real Estate Executives Launch and Commercial Real Estate Executives Launch Alliance to Reduce Energy Consumption of Buildings Department of Energy and Commercial Real Estate Executives Launch Alliance to Reduce Energy Consumption of Buildings April 9, 2009 - 12:00am Addthis WASHINGTON, D.C. - Top executives from 19 commercial real estate companies met with U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) officials in New York City today to discuss plans to dramatically reduce the sector's energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions. The meeting officially launched DOE's Commercial Real Estate Energy Alliance (CREEA), a partnership of commercial real estate owners and operators who have volunteered to work together with DOE to make lasting change in the energy consumption of commercial real estate buildings in the United States. Currently, commercial buildings

256

Microsoft Word - RealPropertyAssetManagement.doc  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Real Property Asset Management Real Property Asset Management On February 4, 2004, the President issued Executive Order (EO) 13327- Federal Real Property Asset Management. The Order promotes the efficient and economical use of Federal real property resources in accordance with their value as national assets and in the best interests of the Nation. It established an interagency Federal Real Property Council (FRPC), chaired by the Deputy Director for Management at the Office of Management and Budget, to establish and promote appropriate guidelines on the management of the Federal real property portfolio. In conjunction with the Executive Order, the Federal Real Property Asset Management Program Initiative was added to the President's Management Agenda, The President's Management Agenda initiative and the efforts of the FRPC are

257

Real Goods Solar Denver | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Denver Denver Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Real Goods Solar Denver Name Real Goods Solar Denver Address 7003 E. 47th Ave Dr, Unit 700 Place Denver, Colorado Zip 80218 Sector Solar Year founded 1978 Number of employees 51-200 Phone number 303-222-8950 Website http://www.realgoodssolar.com Coordinates 39.7824444°, -104.9094738° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":39.7824444,"lon":-104.9094738,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

258

Real time detection and correction of distribution feeder operational problems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The paper presents a new technique that detects and corrects distribution operational problems using closed loop control of substation transformers, capacitors and reactors by an online computer. This allows the distribution system to be operated close to its capacity without sacrificing the quality of power supply. Such operations help defer the additional cost of installing new substations. The technique integrates the Distribution Feeder Analysis (DFA) and the Distribution Substation Control (DSC) functions to achieve this. The DFA function provides the topology and power flow results for the feeders using the substation real time measurements. It does not require feeder section measurements. The realtime feeder results are used in detecting any currently existing feeder operational problems such as feeder section voltages and currents outside their limits. The detected feeder problems are transformed into substation distribution bus objectives and then corrected by the DSC function using controls available at the substation. The DSC function has been performing successfully for several years at Potomac Electric Power Company (PEPCO) in Washington, D.C. It uses a closed loop control scheme that controls the substation transformer taps and shunt capacitor and reactor breakers and optimizes the substation operation. By combining the DFA and DSC functions into a single function and with proper transformation of feeder problems into substation objectives, a new closed loop control scheme for the substation controls is achieved. This scheme corrects the detected feeder problems and optimizes the substation operation. This technique is implemented and tested using the actual substation and feeder models of PEPCO.

Subramanian, A.K.; Huang, J.C.

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

259

Oil price fluctuations and Its effect on GDP growth.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? During the year of 2008, the world has experienced historically high oil prices reaching an all time high of 147 USD per barrel in… (more)

Gonzalez , Aaron

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

GDP Jobs Direct Structure of Australian economy, employment and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

last page for the data) #12;Australian 2020 carbon abatement cost curve Cost of abatement A$/t CO2e -50 Conservation tillage Agriculture, livestock Afforestation, pasture Reforestation Forest management Energy Geothermal On-shore wind Afforestation, cropland Coal-to-gas shift Agriculture, waste Coal CCS retrofit

Pezzey, Jack

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "measured real gdp" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

A framework for simulation-based real-time whole building performance  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

A framework for simulation-based real-time whole building performance A framework for simulation-based real-time whole building performance assessment Title A framework for simulation-based real-time whole building performance assessment Publication Type Journal Article Refereed Designation Unknown LBNL Report Number 0360-1323 Year of Publication 2012 Authors Pang, Xiufeng, Michael Wetter, Prajesh Bhattacharya, and Philip Haves Journal Building and Environment Volume 54 Start Page 100 Pagination 100-108 Date Published 08/2012 ISSN 0360-1323 Keywords building controls virtual test bed, building performance, energy modeling, energyplus, real-time building simulation Abstract Most commercial buildings do not perform as well in practice as intended by the design and their performances often deteriorate over time. Reasons include faulty construction, malfunctioning equipment, incorrectly configured control systems and inappropriate operating procedures. One approach to addressing this problems is to compare the predictions of an energy simulation model of the building to the measured performance and analyze significant differences to infer the presence and location of faults. This paper presents a framework that allows a comparison of building actual performance and expected performance in real time. The realization of the framework utilized the EnergyPlus, the Building Controls Virtual Test Bed (BCVTB) and the Energy Management and Control System (EMCS) was developed. An EnergyPlus model that represents expected performance of a building runs in real time and reports the predicted building performance at each time step. The BCVTB is used as the software platform to acquire relevant inputs from the EMCS through a BACnet interface and send them to the EnergyPlus and to a database for archiving. A proof-of-concept demonstration is also presented.

262

A system for EPID-based real-time treatment delivery verification during dynamic IMRT treatment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: To design and develop a real-time electronic portal imaging device (EPID)-based delivery verification system for dynamic intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) which enables detection of gross treatment delivery errors before delivery of substantial radiation to the patient.Methods: The system utilizes a comprehensive physics-based model to generate a series of predicted transit EPID image frames as a reference dataset and compares these to measured EPID frames acquired during treatment. The two datasets are using MLC aperture comparison and cumulative signal checking techniques. The system operation in real-time was simulated offline using previously acquired images for 19 IMRT patient deliveries with both frame-by-frame comparison and cumulative frame comparison. Simulated error case studies were used to demonstrate the system sensitivity and performance.Results: The accuracy of the synchronization method was shown to agree within two control points which corresponds to approximately ?1% of the total MU to be delivered for dynamic IMRT. The system achieved mean real-time gamma results for frame-by-frame analysis of 86.6% and 89.0% for 3%, 3 mm and 4%, 4 mm criteria, respectively, and 97.9% and 98.6% for cumulative gamma analysis. The system can detect a 10% MU error using 3%, 3 mm criteria within approximately 10 s. The EPID-based real-time delivery verification system successfully detected simulated gross errors introduced into patient plan deliveries in near real-time (within 0.1 s).Conclusions: A real-time radiation delivery verification system for dynamic IMRT has been demonstrated that is designed to prevent major mistreatments in modern radiation therapy.

Fuangrod, Todsaporn [Faculty of Engineering and Built Environment, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, the University of Newcastle, NSW 2308 (Australia)] [Faculty of Engineering and Built Environment, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, the University of Newcastle, NSW 2308 (Australia); Woodruff, Henry C.; O’Connor, Daryl J. [Faculty of Science and IT, School of Mathematical and Physical Sciences, the University of Newcastle, NSW 2308 (Australia)] [Faculty of Science and IT, School of Mathematical and Physical Sciences, the University of Newcastle, NSW 2308 (Australia); Uytven, Eric van; McCurdy, Boyd M. C. [Division of Medical Physics, CancerCare Manitoba, 675 McDermot Avenue, Winnipeg, Manitoba R3E 0V9 (Canada) [Division of Medical Physics, CancerCare Manitoba, 675 McDermot Avenue, Winnipeg, Manitoba R3E 0V9 (Canada); Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba R3T 2N2 (Canada); Department of Radiology, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba R3T 2N2 (Canada); Kuncic, Zdenka [School of Physics, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2006 (Australia)] [School of Physics, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2006 (Australia); Greer, Peter B. [Faculty of Science and IT, School of Mathematical and Physical Sciences, the University of Newcastle, NSW 2308, Australia and Department of Radiation Oncology, Calvary Mater Newcastle Hospital, Locked Bag 7, Hunter region Mail Centre, Newcastle, NSW 2310 (Australia)] [Faculty of Science and IT, School of Mathematical and Physical Sciences, the University of Newcastle, NSW 2308, Australia and Department of Radiation Oncology, Calvary Mater Newcastle Hospital, Locked Bag 7, Hunter region Mail Centre, Newcastle, NSW 2310 (Australia)

2013-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

263

Starting your career in United States of America Country Guide for International Students  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is rather gloomy at present.The US real gross domestic product (GDP) declined by 6.2% in the fourth quarter,which are a subtraction in the calculation of GDP,also continued to decline. KEY FACTS:The US economy GDP real growth 2008.According to National Association of Colleges and Employers (NACE) projections, employers have revised their original

Neirotti, Juan Pablo

264

Real-TIme Raman Gas Composition Analyzer  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Analyzer Analyzer Opportunity The Department of Energy's National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) is seeking collaborative research partners interested in implementing United States Provisional Patent Application entitled "Gas Sensing System Employing Raman Scattering". Disclosed in this application is a gas analyzing sensor that characterizes gaseous fuel, exhaust gases, or other process gas streams. The sensor reports concentrations of all majority gases at better than 0.3% accuracy in 1 second or less, and can be used for real-time gas analysis and system control. The sensor relies on novel techniques to enhance usually weak spontaneous Raman emissions from sample gases, enabling the application of Raman spectroscopy to rapid gas analysis. No commercially available sensor or sensing

265

Real WinWin | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

WinWin WinWin Jump to: navigation, search Name Real WinWin Place Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Zip 19103 Sector Efficiency Product Consulting firm for energy efficiency in homes and small businesses. Coordinates 39.95227°, -75.162369° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":39.95227,"lon":-75.162369,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

266

Annual Real Natural Gas Prices by Sector  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5 5 Notes: Major regulatory reforms at the Federal level began at the end of the 1970s with the passage of the Natural Gas Policy Act, and have affected most phases of the industry and markets Over time the movement to a more competitive model led to lower prices starting around 1983, which was accentuated by the drop in world oil prices in 1986 Gas consumers in all sectors seem to have benefited, on average, from a more competitive marketplace However, several factors have come together recently that have pushed spot gas prices up sharply and which are expected to reverse the downward trend in in real gas prices for the next year or so: U.S. gas production has been relatively flat. Expected demand is high under normal weather assumptions. Gas storage levels are below normal.

267

Real-World Hydrogen Technology Validation: Preprint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Department of Energy, the Department of Defense's Defense Logistics Agency, and the Department of Transportation's Federal Transit Administration have funded learning demonstrations and early market deployments to provide insight into applications of hydrogen technologies on the road, in the warehouse, and as stationary power. NREL's analyses validate the technology in real-world applications, reveal the status of the technology, and facilitate the development of hydrogen and fuel cell technologies, manufacturing, and operations. This paper presents the maintenance, safety, and operation data of fuel cells in multiple applications with the reported incidents, near misses, and frequencies. NREL has analyzed records of more than 225,000 kilograms of hydrogen that have been dispensed through more than 108,000 hydrogen fills with an excellent safety record.

Sprik, S.; Kurtz, J.; Wipke, K.; Ramsden, T.; Ainscough, C.; Eudy, L.; Saur, G.

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Transverse polarization of $\\Lambda$ hyperons from quasi-real photoproduction on nuclei  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The transverse polarization of $\\Lambda$ hyperons was measured in inclusive quasi-real photoproduction for various target nuclei ranging from hydrogen to xenon. The data were obtained by the HERMES experiment at HERA using the 27.6 GeV lepton beam and nuclear gas targets internal to the lepton storage ring. The polarization observed is positive for light target nuclei and is compatible with zero for krypton and xenon.

Airapetian, A; Akopov, Z; Aschenauer, E C; Augustyniak, W; Avakian, R; Avetissian, A; Avetisyan, E; Belostotski, S; Bianchi, N; Blok, H P; Borissov, A; Bowles, J; Brodski, I; Bryzgalov, V; Burns, J; Capiluppi, M; Capitani, G P; Cisbani, E; Ciullo, G; Contalbrigo, M; Dalpiaz, P F; Deconinck, W; De Leo, R; De Nardo, L; De Sanctis, E; Diefenthaler, M; Di Nezza, P; Düren, M; Ehrenfried, M; Elbakian, G; Ellinghaus, F; Fabbri, R; Fantoni, A; Felawka, L; Frullani, S; Gabbert, D; Gapienko, G; Gapienko, V; Garibaldi, F; Gavrilov, G; Gharibyan, V; Giordano, F; Gliske, S; Golembiovskaya, M; Hadjidakis, C; Hartig, M; Hasch, D; Hillenbrand, A; Hoek, M; Holler, Y; Hristova, I; Imazu, Y; Ivanilov, A; Jackson, H E; Jo, H S; Joosten, S; Kaiser, R; Karyan, G; Keri, T; Kinney, E; Kisselev, A; Kobayashi, N; Korotkov, V; Kozlov, V; Kravchenko, P; Krivokhijine, V G; Lagamba, L; Lapikás, L; Lehmann, I; Lenisa, P; Ruiz, A López; Lorenzon, W; Lu, X -G; Ma, B -Q; Mahon, D; Makins, N C R; Manaenkov, S I; Mao, Y; Marianski, B; de la Ossa, A Martinez; Marukyan, H; Miller, C A; Miyachi, Y; Movsisyan, A; Muccifora, V; Murray, M; Mussgiller, A; Nappi, E; Naryshkin, Y; Nass, A; Negodaev, M; Nowak, W -D; Pappalardo, L L; Perez-Benito, R; Reimer, P E; Reolon, A R; Riedl, C; Rith, K; Rosner, G; Rostomyan, A; Rubin, J; Ryckbosch, D; Salomatin, Y; Sanftl, F; Schäfer, A; Schnell, G; Schüler, K P; Seitz, B; Shibata, T -A; Shutov, V; Stancari, M; Statera, M; Steffens, E; Steijger, J J M; Stewart, J; Stinzing, F; Taroian, S; Terkulov, A; Truty, R; Trzcinski, A; Tytgat, M; Vandenbroucke, A; Van Haarlem, Y; Van Hulse, C; Veretennikov, D; Vikhrov, V; Vilardi, I; Wang, S; Yaschenko, S; Ye, Z; Yu, W; Zagrebelnyy, V; Zeiler, D; Zihlmann, B; Zupranski, P

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Non-preemptive scheduling of periodic and aperiodic tasks in the hard real-time systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

S. 38 40 11 Enumeration tree search . 42 12 Optimizing two requests in the LOQS globally. 13 Identifying dynamic dominant requests. 14 Dispatching requests in ZOgS. 50 51 15 Extraction algorithm. 53 16 Extraction algorithm by heuristic... in hard real ? time environment, the measure- ment criteria for a good algorithm can be a success ratio and a decision time required for dispatching. The success ratio, when a certain algorithm is used, is the ratio of number of tash sets which...

Oh, Hoon

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Measuring Systemic Risk Viral V Acharya, Lasse Heje Pedersen,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

financial intermediation ­ payments system and lending to corporations/households. · When does it emerge: Stock Markets: US -42%, UK -46%, Europe -49%, Japan -35%, Latin America -50% GDP: Advanced economies -3

Lin, Xiaodong

271

E-Print Network 3.0 - activation predicting real-world Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Summary: Classification Problems From The Real World Microarray Classification Heart Attack Prediction Phoneme... Classification Problems From The Real World Microarray...

272

Office of Legacy Management Real Property Reuse Strategy, August 2009 |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Real Property Reuse Strategy, August Real Property Reuse Strategy, August 2009 Office of Legacy Management Real Property Reuse Strategy, August 2009 LM is committed to the environmentally sound disposition, and the beneficial reuse, of property. LM is currently conducting real property reuse activities at LM sites throughout the country. This strategy document addresses LM's property disposition and real property reuse priorities for the next several years. Office of Legacy Management Real Property Reuse Strategy, August 2009 More Documents & Publications Quarterly EMS Performance FY 2013 Second Quarter Process for Transition of Uranium Mill Tailings Radiation Control Act Title II Disposal Sites to the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Legacy Management for Long-Term Surveillance and Maintenance

273

Results on Resource-Bounded Measure Harry Buhrman?1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Results on Resource-Bounded Measure Harry Buhrman?1 , and Stephen Fenner??2 , and Lance Fortnow???3-measure 0, or even p2-measure 0. ? URL: http://www.cwi.nl/cwi/people/Harry.Buhrman.html. E-mail: buhrman if it can be expressed as the di erence of two sets in NP. The notations R, Q, R+ and Q+ denote the real

Fortnow, Lance

274

Measurement fundamentals  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The need to have accurate petroleum measurement is obvious. Petroleum measurement is the basis of commerce between oil producers, royalty owners, oil transporters, refiners, marketers, the Department of Revenue, and the motoring public. Furthermore, petroleum measurements are often used to detect operational problems or unwanted releases in pipelines, tanks, marine vessels, underground storage tanks, etc. Therefore, consistent, accurate petroleum measurement is an essential part of any operation. While there are several methods and different types of equipment used to perform petroleum measurement, the basic process stays the same. The basic measurement process is the act of comparing an unknown quantity, to a known quantity, in order to establish its magnitude. The process can be seen in a variety of forms; such as measuring for a first-down in a football game, weighing meat and produce at the grocery, or the use of an automobile odometer.

Webb, R.A. [Marathon Pipe Line Co., Findlay, OH (United States)

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Modeling the Impact of Warming in Climate Change Economics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Any economic analysis of climate change policy requires some model that describes the impact of warming on future GDP and consumption. Most integrated assessment models (IAMs) relate temperature to the level of real GDP ...

Pindyck, Robert S.

276

A Framework for Real-Time Service-Oriented Architecture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and reasoning in service-oriented architectures,” Journal offor Real-Time Service-Oriented Architecture Mark Panahi,Abstract—Service-oriented architectures (SOA), though widely

Panahi, Mark; Nie, Weiran; Lin, Kwei-Jay

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

USB Interfacing and Real Time Data Plotting with MATLAB  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

USB Interfacing and Real Time Data Plotting with MATLAB Department of Electrical and Computer................................................................................................................................3 MATLAB Programming....................................................................................................................................................6 MATLAB Realtime Plot Code

Ashrafi, Ashkan

278

Real-Time Pricing of Electricity: An Assessment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. This paper reviews one of these new rate design proposals, "spot market" or "real-time" pricing, and discusses some recent implementations in Texas....

Baughman, M. L.; Zarnikau, J.

279

Optimization Online - Stochastic Real-Time Scheduling of Wind ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Jan 3, 2015 ... Stochastic Real-Time Scheduling of Wind-thermal Generation Units in ... Keywords: conditional value at risk, uncertainty modeling, wind energy.

Alireza Soroudi

2015-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

280

Real-World PHEV Fuel Economy Prediction | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Fuel Economy Prediction Real-World PHEV Fuel Economy Prediction 2011 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program, and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "measured real gdp" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Advanced Kalman Filter for Real-Time Responsiveness in Complex Systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Complex engineering systems pose fundamental challenges in real-time operations and control because they are highly dynamic systems consisting of a large number of elements with severe nonlinearities and discontinuities. Today’s tools for real-time complex system operations are mostly based on steady state models, unable to capture the dynamic nature and too slow to prevent system failures. We developed advanced Kalman filtering techniques and the formulation of dynamic state estimation using Kalman filtering techniques to capture complex system dynamics in aiding real-time operations and control. In this work, we looked at complex system issues including severe nonlinearity of system equations, discontinuities caused by system controls and network switches, sparse measurements in space and time, and real-time requirements of power grid operations. We sought to bridge the disciplinary boundaries between Computer Science and Power Systems Engineering, by introducing methods that leverage both existing and new techniques. While our methods were developed in the context of electrical power systems, they should generalize to other large-scale scientific and engineering applications.

Welch, Gregory Francis [UNC-Chapel Hill/University of Central Florida] [UNC-Chapel Hill/University of Central Florida; Zhang, Jinghe [UNC-Chapel Hill/Virginia Tech] [UNC-Chapel Hill/Virginia Tech

2014-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

282

Acoustic Performance of an Installed Real-Time Three-Dimensional Audio System  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Exterior Effects Room (EER) located at the NASA Langley Research Center is a facility built for psychoacoustic studies of aircraft community noise. Recently the EER was significantly upgraded to allow for simulation of aircraft flyovers in a three-dimensional audio and visual environment. The upgrade included installation of 27 satellite and 4 subwoofer loudspeakers that are driven by a real-time audio server. The audio server employs an implementation of the Vector Base Amplitude Panning (VBAP) method to position virtual sources at arbitrary azimuth and elevation angles in the EER. Real-time application of filters time delays and gains are required to compensate for installation effects including those associated with the irregular room geometry colorization due to varying loudspeaker installations and crossover filtering. The authors previously showed [J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 127 1969 (2010)] that color compensation and crossover filtering could be achieved for satellite and subwoofer loudspeakers. However the resulting FIR filters were too long (32 768 taps) to implement in real-time. The focus of this work is on development of reduced-length surrogate IIR filters and on measurement of the acoustic performance of the installed real-time system.

Kenneth Faller II; Stephen A. Rizzi; Noah Schiller; Randolph Cabell; Jacob Klos; William L. Chapin; Aric R. Aumann

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Acoustic performance of an installed real?time three?dimensional audio system.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Exterior Effects Room (EER) located at the NASA Langley Research Center is a facility built for psychoacoustic studies of aircraft community noise. Recently the EER was significantly upgraded to allow for simulation of aircraft flyovers in a 3?D audio and visual environment. The upgrade included installation of 27 satellite and 4 subwooferloudspeakers that are driven by a real?time audio server. The audio server employs an implementation of the vector base amplitude panning method to position virtual sources at arbitrary azimuth and elevation angles in the EER. Real?time application of filters time delays and gains are required to compensate for installation effects including those associated with the irregular room geometry colorization due to varying loudspeaker installations and crossover filtering. The authors previously showed [J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 127 1969 (2010)] that color compensation and crossover filtering could be achieved for satellite and subwooferloudspeakers. However the resulting FIR filters were too long (32?768 taps) to implement in real?time. The focus of this work is on the development of reduced?length surrogate IIR filters and on the measurement of the acoustic performance of the installed real?time system.?

Kenneth J. Faller II; Stephen A. Rizzi; Noah Schiller; Randolph H. Cabell; Jacob Klos; William L. Chapin; Fahri Surucu

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

REAL TIME SYSTEM OPERATIONS 2006-2007  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Analysis”, Electric Power System Research, Vol.  47, No.  Electric  Principal Investigator  Public Interest Energy Research  Phasor Measurement Units  Point of Collapse  Power Systems Engineering Research 

Eto, Joseph H.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

REAL TIME SYSTEM OPERATIONS 2006-2007  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Load Center Using Phasor Measurement  Data, 2006 IEEE/PES Power Reactive power limits as Q min /Q max 5. Load data - Staticpower flows, loads, and generator limits, and then train an ANN on a set of simulation data

Eto, Joseph H.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Real time chemical exposure and risk monitor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The apparatus of the present invention is a combination of a breath interface and an external exposure dosimeter interface to a chemical analysis device, all controlled by an electronic processor for quantitatively analyzing chemical analysis data from both the breath interface and the external exposure dosimeter for determining internal tissue dose. The method of the present invention is a combination of steps of measuring an external dose, measuring breath content, then analyzing the external dose and breath content and determining internal tissue dose.

Thrall, Karla D. (3804 Alder Lake Ct., West Richland, WA 99353); Kenny, Donald V. (6947 Sparrow La., Worthington, OH 43235); Endres, George W. R. (2112 Briarwood Ct., Richland, WA 99352); Sisk, Daniel R. (1211 Marshall Ave., Richland, WA 99352)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Further Analysis of Real Beam Line Optics From A Synthetic Beam  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Standard closed-orbit techniques for Twiss parameter measurement are not applicable to the open-ended Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility (CEBAF) at Jefferson Lab. The evolution of selected sets of real orbits in the accelerator models the behavior of a 'synthetic' beam. This process will be validated against beam profile-based Twiss parameter measurements and should provide the distributed optical information needed to optimize beamline tuning for an open-ended system. This work will discuss the current and future states of this technique, as well as an example of its use in the CEBAF machine.

Ryan Bodenstein, Michael Tiefenback, Yves Roblin

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Democratizing commercial real estate investing : the impact of the JOBS Act and crowdfunding on the commercial real estate market  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis systematically evaluates how rapid developments in the nascent crowdfunding industry, combined with recent regulatory changes, will impact the commercial real estate markets. The phenomenon of crowdfunding, ...

Burgett, Bonnie L. (Bonnie Leigh)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

ARM - Measurements  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Measurement Instrument Sponsor Aircraft State PositionVelocity @ 10Hz Trimble DSM(tm) AAF PitchRollAzimuth Trimble Advanced Navigation System (TANS)10Hz AAF...

290

Shell Measures  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Residential Commercial Commercial Industrial Lighting Energy Smart Grocer Program HVAC Program Shell Measures Commercial Kitchen & Food Service Equipment Plug Load New...

291

Suppressing qubit dephasing using real-time Hamiltonian estimation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Unwanted interaction between a quantum system and its fluctuating environment leads to decoherence and is the primary obstacle to establishing a scalable quantum information processing architecture. Strategies such as environmental and materials engineering, quantum error correction and dynamical decoupling can mitigate decoherence, but generally increase experimental complexity. Here we improve coherence in a qubit using real-time Hamiltonian parameter estimation. Using a rapidly converging Bayesian approach, we precisely measure the splitting in a singlet-triplet spin qubit faster than the surrounding nuclear bath fluctuates. We continuously adjust qubit control parameters based on this information, thereby improving the inhomogenously broadened coherence time ($T_{2}^{*}$) from tens of nanoseconds to above 2 $\\mu$s and demonstrating the effectiveness of Hamiltonian estimation in reducing the effects of correlated noise in quantum systems. Because the technique demonstrated here is compatible with arbitrary qubit operations, it is a natural complement to quantum error correction and can be used to improve the performance of a wide variety of qubits in both metrological and quantum-information-processing applications.

Michael D. Shulman; Shannon P. Harvey; John M. Nichol; Stephen D. Bartlett; Andrew C. Doherty; Vladimir Umansky; Amir Yacoby

2014-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

292

Groupware for Real-Time Drawing: A Designer's Guide  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Groupware for Real-Time Drawing: A Designer's Guide Saul Greenberg Stephen Hayne Roy Rada Cite as: Greenberg, S., Hayne, S., and Rada, R., eds (1995). Groupware for Real-Time Drawing: A Designer's Guide. 248 (Wolf, Rhyne, Briggs) 6. Integration of interpersonal space and shared workspace: ClearBoard design

Greenberg, Saul

293

Towards a Real-Time Cluster Computing Infrastructure  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Real-time computing has traditionally been considered largely in the context of single-processor and embedded systems, and indeed, the terms real-time computing, embedded systems, and control systems are often mentioned in closely related contexts. However, real-time computing in the context of multinode systems, specifically high-performance, cluster-computing systems, remains relatively unexplored, largely due to the fact that until now, there has not been a need for such an environment. In this paper, we motivate the need for a cluster computing infrastructure capable of supporting computation over large datasets in real-time. Our motivating example is an analytical framework to support the next generation North American power grid, which is growing both in size and complexity. With streaming sensor data in the future power grid potentially reaching rates on the order of terabytes per day, the task of analyzing this data subject to real-time guarantees becomes a daunting task which will require the power of high-performance cluster computing capable of functioning under real-time constraints. One specific challenge that such an environment presents is the need for real-time networked communication between cluster nodes. In this paper, we discuss the need for real-time high-performance cluster computation, along with our work-in-progress towards an infrastructure which will ultimately enable such an environment.

Hui, Peter SY; Chikkagoudar, Satish; Chavarría-Miranda, Daniel; Johnston, Mark R.

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Demonstration of Real-time Spectrum Sensing for Cognitive Radio  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Demonstration of Real-time Spectrum Sensing for Cognitive Radio Zhe Chen, Nan Guo, and Robert C sensing detects the availability of the radio frequency spectrum in a real-time fashion, which is essen Cognitive radio (CR) has been put forward to make effi- cient use of scarce radio frequency spectrum

Qiu, Robert Caiming

295

Mobile Interaction with Web Services through Associated Real World Objects  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mobile Interaction with Web Services through Associated Real World Objects 1 Gregor Broll, 2 John to access and interact with Web Services through mobile interaction with real world objects. The demonstration will put a focus on the front-end of the framework that comprises augmented posters for mobile

296

Modelling the world in real time: how robots engineer information  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Modelling the world in real time: how robots engineer information. | Programming robots and...Modelling the world in real time: how robots engineer information By Andrew J. Davison Robotics...articulated objects and interface-quality hand tracking. In Proc. Eur. Conf...

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Can Computer Simulations Replace Real Equipment in Undergraduate Laboratories?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Can Computer Simulations Replace Real Equipment in Undergraduate Laboratories? N. D. Finkelstein, K, Boulder Abstract. This paper examines the effects of substituting computer simulations in place of real (DC) circuit laboratory was modified to compare the effects of using computer simulations

Colorado at Boulder, University of

298

Real?Time Plasma Control Tools for Advanced Tokamak Operation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Real?time control will play an important role in the operation and scientific exploitation of the new generation fusion devices. This paper summarizes the real?time systems and diagnostics developed by the Portuguese Fusion Euratom Association based on digital signal processors and field programmable gate arrays.

C. A. F. Varandas; J. Sousa; A. P. Rodrigues; B. B. Carvalho; H. Fernandes; A. J. Batista; N. Cruz; A. Combo; R. C. Pereira; CFN Control and Data Acquisition Group

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Utility Accrual Real-Time Scheduling for Multiprocessor Embedded Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Utility Accrual Real-Time Scheduling for Multiprocessor Embedded Systems Hyeonjoong Cho a Binoy We present the first Utility Accrual (or UA) real-time scheduling algorithm for mul- tiprocessors, called global Multiprocessor Utility Accrual scheduling algorithm (or gMUA). The algorithm considers

Ravindran, Binoy

300

Comparison of component frameworks for real-time embedded systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The use of components significantly helps in development of real-time embedded systems. There have been a number of component frameworks developed for this purpose, and some of them have already became well established in this area. Even though these ... Keywords: Component frameworks, Component-based development, Real-time and embedded systems

Tomáš Pop, Petr Hn?tynka, Petr Hošek, Michal Malohlava, Tomáš Bureš

2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "measured real gdp" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Real-Time Traffic Information for Emergency Evacuation Operations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Real-Time Traffic Information for Emergency Evacuation Operations Research Brief Oak Ridge National Environment Safety Security Vehicle Technologies T here are many instances in which it is possible to plan. The system of sensors will transmit through satellite links, or other robust communication means, real

302

M.T.Nair February 15 (2013, 2014) MA-5340: Measure and Integration  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

M.T.Nair February 15 (2013, 2014) MA-5340: Measure and Integration Assignment Sheet - II In the following, (X, A) is a measurable space. 1. Suppose (X, A) is a measurable space and X0 A. Then show measurable - Why? 4. Let (X, A, µ) is a measure space. Prove that, if is a non-negative real number, then E

Nair, M.Thamban

303

Interest Real and Nominal Project Evaluation Methods  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the value of money measured by its purchasing power. ­ Weighted average price escalation rate for various And Effective Rates · If m = # of compounding periods per year and m > 1, then the effective interest rate, ie*m; and · the effective interest rate ie is given by (1 ) 1m ei i #12;03-2 The effective interest rate increases

Boisvert, Jeff

304

Comparative Studies of Clustering Techniques for Real-Time Dynamic Model Reduction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dynamic model reduction in power systems is necessary for improving computational efficiency. Traditional model reduction using linearized models or offline analysis would not be adequate to capture power system dynamic behaviors, especially the new mix of intermittent generation and intelligent consumption makes the power system more dynamic and non-linear. Real-time dynamic model reduction emerges as an important need. This paper explores the use of clustering techniques to analyze real-time phasor measurements to determine generator groups and representative generators for dynamic model reduction. Two clustering techniques -- graph clustering and evolutionary clustering -- are studied in this paper. Various implementations of these techniques are compared and also compared with a previously developed Singular Value Decomposition (SVD)-based dynamic model reduction approach. Various methods exhibit different levels of accuracy when comparing the reduced model simulation against the original model. But some ...

Hogan, Emilie; Halappanavar, Mahantesh; Huang, Zhenyu; Lin, Guang; Lu, Shuai; Wang, Shaobu

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

An SRP-based energy-efficient scheduling algorithm for dependent real-time tasks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, we are interested in the energy-efficient scheduling of dependent real-time tasks which may access multiunit resources. Based on the well-known stack resource policy (SRP), we propose the blocking-time stealing (BTS) algorithm to schedule dynamic-priority and fixed-priority tasks on a non-ideal dynamic voltage scaling (DVS) processor. Under the BTS algorithm, tasks are scheduled to be executed at proper processor speeds which are determined according to the sufficient schedulability conditions of the earliest deadline first (EDF) and the rate monotonic (RM) algorithms. The BTS algorithm measures dynamically the slack between the actual blocking time of a task and its estimated worst-case blocking time. The slack is then exploited to lower the processor speed guaranteeing that the feasibility of tasks is not affected. As a result, the energy consumption can be reduced while satisfying the timing constraints of real-time tasks.

Jun Wu; Jun-Xing Wu

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Automated Real-Time Classification and Decision Making in Massive Data Streams from Synoptic Sky Surveys  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The nature of scientific and technological data collection is evolving rapidly: data volumes and rates grow exponentially, with increasing complexity and information content, and there has been a transition from static data sets to data streams that must be analyzed in real time. Interesting or anomalous phenomena must be quickly characterized and followed up with additional measurements via optimal deployment of limited assets. Modern astronomy presents a variety of such phenomena in the form of transient events in digital synoptic sky surveys, including cosmic explosions (supernovae, gamma ray bursts), relativistic phenomena (black hole formation, jets), potentially hazardous asteroids, etc. We have been developing a set of machine learning tools to detect, classify and plan a response to transient events for astronomy applications, using the Catalina Real-time Transient Survey (CRTS) as a scientific and methodological testbed. The ability to respond rapidly to the potentially most interesting events is a k...

Djorgovski, S G; Donalek, C; Graham, M J; Drake, A J; Turmon, M; Fuchs, T

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

A Data Driven Framework for Real Time Power System Event Detection and Visualization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Increased adoption and deployment of phasor measurement units (PMU) has provided valuable fine-grained data over the grid. Analysis over these data can provide real-time insight into the health of the grid, thereby improving control over operations. Realizing this data-driven control, however, requires validating, processing and storing massive amounts of PMU data. This paper describes a PMU data management system that supports input from multiple PMU data streams, features an event-detection algorithm, and provides an efficient method for retrieving archival data. The event-detection algorithm rapidly correlates multiple PMU data streams, providing details on events occurring within the power system in real-time. The event-detection algorithm feeds into a visualization component, allowing operators to recognize events as they occur. The indexing and data retrieval mechanism facilitates fast access to archived PMU data. Using this method, we achieved over 30x speedup for queries with high selectivity. With th...

McCamish, Ben; Landford, Jordan; Bass, Robert; Cotilla-Sanchez, Eduardo; Chiu, David

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Abstract Measurement  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

however, are not well understood in this energy range. This dissertation presents a measurement of the ratio of CC + to CCQE cross-sections for muon neutrinos on mineral oil (CH...

309

A Measuring  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

clozapine. Relation to extrapyramidal side ffects. Arch Gen Psychiatry 1992; 49538-544. Smith M, Wolf AP, Brodie JD, et. al. Serial '*F-N- methylspiroperidol PET studies to measure...

310

Making Energy Efficiency Real (MEER) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Real (MEER) Real (MEER) Jump to: navigation, search Name Making Energy Efficiency Real (MEER) Agency/Company /Organization International Partnership for Energy Efficiency Cooperation (IPEEC) Sector Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy, People and Policy Topics Adaptation, Co-benefits assessment, - Energy Access, Finance, Low emission development planning, -LEDS, Market analysis, Pathways analysis, Policies/deployment programs Country Brazil, China, India, Mexico, Russia South America, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, Central America, Eastern Europe References International Partnership for Energy Efficiency Cooperation[1] Program Overview The MEER will include a comprehensive inventory of international energy efficiency projects, as well as in-depth analysis of the opportunities to

311

Information and noise in quantum measurement  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Even though measurement results obtained in the real world are generally both noisy and continuous, quantum measurement theory tends to emphasize the ideal limit of perfect precision and quantized measurement results. In this article, a more general concept of noisy measurements is applied to investigate the role of quantum noise in the measurement process. In particular, it is shown that the effects of quantum noise can be separated from the effects of information obtained in the measurement. However, quantum noise is required to “cover up” negative probabilities arising as the quantum limit is approached. These negative probabilities represent fundamental quantum-mechanical correlations between the measured variable and the variables affected by quantum noise.

Holger F. Hofmann

2000-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

312

Real-Time Deep-Ocean Tsunami Measuring, Monitoring, and Reporting System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Background 2.1. Reaction to the Indian Ocean Tsunami of December 26, 2004. The 9.0 earthquake of December 26

313

Measuring False-Positive by Automated Real-Time Correlated Hacking Behavior Analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

To solve the contradiction between the trend of more distributed network architecture and the demanding for more centralized correlated analysis to detect more complicated attacks from Intrusion Detection System ...

Jia Wang; Insup Lee

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Development of a Wireless Real-Time Productivity Measurement System for Rapid Construction Operations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the University of Kansas in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy. ________________________________ Chairperson... the KU Transportation Research Institute (TRI), Kansas Department of Transportation (KDOT), Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), and National Science Foundation (NSF). I am indebted to several employees of the Kansas Turnpike Authority (KTA...

Kim, Seonghoon

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Sensors and Actuators A 125 (2006) 170177 Thin film temperature sensor for real-time measurement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

allows for an accurate placement of the temperature sensor within the fuel cell. Simulation results show protons, but too much water can lead to local flooding. With poor thermal management, short-term effects will be a performance loss due to either membrane dry-out or diffusion media flooding, and long-term effects

Mench, Matthew M.

316

Energy Efficient Building Environment Control Strategies Using Real-time Occupancy Measurements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

occupancy and being able to accurately predict usage patterns may al- low significant energy these models, we can predict room usage thereby enabling us to control the HVAC systems in an adaptive manner. Our simulations indicate a 14% re- duction in HVAC energy usage by having an optimal control strategy

Cerpa, Alberto E.

317

Measuring "Real World" Heavy-Duty Diesel Emissions with a Mobile...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Bourns College of Engineering Center for Environmental Research and Technology CARB's Combined Cycle for HHDDT 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 0 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 3000 3500 Time...

318

Measurement of Real-World Emissions from Heavy-Duty Diesel Vehicles...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

2003 DEER Conference Presentation: West Virginia University - Dept. of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering 2003deergautam.pdf More Documents & Publications...

319

Operational measure of entanglement based on experimental consequences.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The maximum eigenvalue of the real part of the density matrix expressed in a maximally entangled basis with a particular phase relationship can be used as an operational measure of entanglement. This measure is related to the fidelity, maximized with a local unitary operating on either subsystem, of a standard dense coding, teleportation, or entanglement swapping protocol.

Grondalski, J. P. (John P.); James, D. F. (Daniel F.)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Microwave Plasma Monitoring System For Real-Time Elemental Analysis  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Microwave Plasma Monitoring System For Real-Time Elemental Analysis Microwave Plasma Monitoring System For Real-Time Elemental Analysis Microwave Plasma Monitoring System For Real-Time Elemental Analysis The invention apparatus can also be used to monitor for the presence of halogens, sulfur and silicon. Available for thumbnail of Feynman Center (505) 665-9090 Email Microwave Plasma Monitoring System For Real-Time Elemental Analysis There has been invented a process for analyzing ambient air in a microwave induced plasma without use of an additional carrier gas. There has also been invented an apparatus for analyzing ambient air, other sample gas, or nebulized and desolvated liquids wherein a novel arrangement of plasma gas and sample gas conduits is used to enhance dependability of the plasma. This apparatus embodiment of the invention has a concentric arrangement of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "measured real gdp" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Scheduling of real-time communication network for parallel processing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

As real-time applications become more and more complicated their demands of processing capacity can hardly be satisfied. Massively parallel computers, such as Intel Paragon, with their scalable architecture and tremendous processing power make them...

Li, Hung

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

322

Factorization of the Ashikhmin BRDF for real-time rendering  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Ashikhmin and Shirley have proposed an anisotropic BRDF model that is physically plausible and has intuitive parameters. We present an analytical factorization of the Ashikhmin BRDF that is suitable for real-time implementation on all graphics accelerators, ...

Mauro Steigleder; Michael D. McCool

2002-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Factors influencing German private equity investment in US real estate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis identifies and ranks in order of importance the key factors influencing high net-worth German investors' decisions about US real estate private equity investments. Through research and in-depth interviews with ...

Paelmo, Kay L. (Kay Lee), 1977-

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Real time observations of the nucleation and growth of nanowires...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Real time observations of the nucleation and growth of nanowires and nanotubes December 1, 2011 at 3pm36-428 Eric Stach Center for Functional Nanomaterials, Brookhaven National...

325

Opportunities and challenges of investing in Indian real estate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In recent years, global real estate investment has become an important component of efficient global mixed asset portfolios. Although these investments carry increased political, regulatory and currency risk, international ...

Wadhwani, Kunal (Kunal P.)

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: El Camino Real Charter High School  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

El Camino Real Charter High School (ECRCHS) has installed 4 plug-in electric vehicle (PEV) chargers, with plans to expand if demand increases. The charging stations play an integral role in...

327

Essays on the real and financial allocation of capital  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This dissertation consists of three papers studying how firms allocate real and financial capital, and how taxes, the labor market and asymmetric information affect these allocation decisions. The first paper studies the ...

Ramírez Verdugo, Arturo

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Promoting High-Performance Homes to Portland Real Estate Pros...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Bureau of Planning and Sustainability and Clean Energy Works (CEW)-are supporting Earth Advantage's Value It Green Home Tour. On September 9, 2014, more than 300 real estate...

329

Real Property Update Form Fiscal Year: 2007-2008  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Real Property Update Form Fiscal Year: 2007-2008 Action: ___New CIP Record ___ Increase Existing CIP Record ___ Convert CIP to Completed Asset ___ Increase Existing Completed Asset ___ Newly Completed Asset (not formerly CIP) ___ Disposal ___ Other ___________________________ ___ Demolition 1

Caughman, John

330

Capturing Energy Efficiency Upgrades in the Real Estate Transaction  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

"Capturing Energy Efficiency Upgrades in the Real Estate Transaction," by Residential Energy Efficiency Solutions, July 10, 2012. Describes the concept of a residential MPG number as a simple way of describing a home’s energy consumption.

331

Rapid shadow generation in real-world lighting environments  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We propose a new algorithm that uses consumer-level graphics hardware to render shadows cast by synthetic objects and a real lighting environment. This has immediate benefit for interactive Augmented Reality applications, where synthetic objects must ...

Simon Gibson; Jon Cook; Toby Howard; Roger Hubbold

2003-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

An investigation of real gas effects in supercritical CO? compressors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis presents a comprehensive assessment of real gas effects on the performance and matching of centrifugal compressors operating with CO2 at supercritical conditions. The analytical framework combines first principles ...

Baltadjiev, Nikola D. (Nikola Dimitrov)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Applications of AirMaster+ in Real Industrial Facilities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. The software itself is well documented and training programs are provided through the Department of Energy's Compressed Air Challenge Program. This paper focuses on real world experiences and the overall process of applying the AIRMaster+ analytical tool...

Moray, S.; D'Antonio, M.; Patil, Y.; MacDougall, A.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

The paths and characteristics of real estate entrepreneurs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

What paths have real estate entrepreneurs taken to establish their own firm? Also, what characteristics did they develop and utilize in the process? This thesis gives the unique opportunity to better understand the life ...

Kazmierski, Michael (Michael Anthony)

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Real-time state estimation of laboratory flows  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this project, we use a real time computer model to simulate a differentially heated laboratory annulus. The laboratory annulus allows us to study chaotic flows typical of the atmosphere. Our objective is to bring the ...

Stransky, Scott (Scott M.)

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Segmentation and recovery of SHGCs from a real intensity image  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We address the problem of scene segmentation and shape recovery from a single real intensity image. Solving this problem is central to obtaining 3-D scene descriptions in realistic applications where perfect data...

Mourad Zerroug; Ramakant Nevatia

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Real-time Multi-period truckload routing problems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this thesis we consider a multi-period truckload pick-up and delivery problem dealing with real-time requests over a finite time horizon. We introduce the notion of postponement of requests, whereby the company can ...

Limpaitoon, Tanachai

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Vibration analysis by speckle techniques in real time  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Vibration analysis in quasi-real time is studied by recording the time-averaged speckle pattern in a bismuth silicon oxide crystal (Bi12SiO20). When the crystal...

Tiziani, H J; Klenk, J

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Real-time Water Waves with Wave Particles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This dissertation describes the wave particles technique for simulating water surface waves and two way fluid-object interactions for real-time applications, such as video games. Water exists in various different forms in our environment...

Yuksel, Cem

2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

340

Opportunities and obstacles for foreign investors in Turkish real estate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper examines the Turkish real estate market from the viewpoint of foreign investors contemplating entering into that market. Since 2002, the government of Turkey has been implementing an aggressive economic reform ...

Halkali, Hasan

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "measured real gdp" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

A NEAR REAL-TIME BERYLLIUM MONITOR WITH CAM AND WIPE ANALYSIS CAPABILITIES  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Science & Engineering Associates, Inc. (SEA), under contract No. DE-AC26-00NT40768, was tasked by the US Department of Energy--National Energy Technology Laboratory to develop and test a near real-time beryllium monitor for airborne and surface measurements. Recent public awareness of the health risks associated with exposure to beryllium has underscored the need for better, faster beryllium monitoring capabilities within the DOE. A near real-time beryllium monitor will offer significant improvements over the baseline monitoring technology currently in use. Whereas the baseline technology relies upon collecting an air sample on a filter and the subsequent analysis of the filter by an analytical laboratory, this effort developed a monitor that offers near real-time measurement results while work is in progress. Since the baseline typically only offers after-the-fact documentation of exposure levels, the near real-time capability provides a significant increase in worker protection. The beryllium monitor developed utilizes laser induced breakdown spectroscopy, or LIBS as the fundamental measurement technology. LIBS has been used in a variety of laboratory and field based instrumentation to provide real-time, and near-real-time elemental analysis capabilities. LIBS is an analytical technique where a pulsed high energy laser beam is focused to a point on the sample to be interrogated. The high energy density produces a small high temperature plasma plume, sometimes called a spark. The conditions within this plasma plume result in the constituent atoms becoming excited and emitting their characteristic optical emissions. The emission light is collected and routed to an optical spectrometer for quantitative spectral analysis. Each element has optical emissions, or lines, of a specific wavelength that can be used to uniquely identify that element. In this application, the intensity of the beryllium emission is used to provide a quantitative measure of the abundance of the element in the sample. The monitor can be operated in one of two modes, as a continuous air monitor (CAM), or as a wipe monitor. In its CAM mode, the monitor collects an air sample for a user programmable sampling time on a conventional mixed cellulose ester (MCE) filter. The monitor can also be used in a wipe analysis mode, where the user can load up to 60 previously collected wipe samples, typically obtained on 47 mm filter media, into disposable filter cassettes. Under this effort, a beryllium monitor was designed, fabricated and tested. During laboratory testing, the monitor's measurement performance met the stated measurement objectives at the outset of the project. A typical minimum detectable beryllium mass for the monitor is below the 0.2 mg/m{sup 3} goal of the project. Field-testing of the monitor show it to exhibit extremely good sensitivity to very low levels of beryllium. On a per spark basis, the monitor has been shown to be capable of detecting a few tens of picograms of beryllium. At the culmination of the project, the beryllium CAM unit was delivered to the U.S. DOE-Rocky Flats Environmental Management Site where it is undergoing additional on-site evaluations.

D.T. Kendrick; Steven Saggese

2002-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Uranium mill tailings remedial action project real estate management plan  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This plan summarizes the real estate requirements of the US Department of Energy`s (DOE) Uranium Mill Tailings Action (UMTRA) Project, identifies the roles and responsibilities of project participants involved in real estate activities, and describes the approaches used for completing these requirements. This document is intended to serve as a practical guide for all project participants. It is intended to be consistent with all formal agreements, but if a conflict is identified, the formal agreements will take precedence.

Not Available

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Differentiated curriculum: real help for the classroom teacher  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DIFFERENTIATED CURRICULUM: REAL HELP FOR THE CLASSROOM TEACHER A Thesis by MARGARET ANN BRYANT Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August... 1987 Major Subject: Curriculum and Instruction DIFFERENTIATED CURRICULUM: REAL HELP FOR THE CLASSROOM TEACHER A Thesis by MARGARET ANN BRYANT Approved as to style and content by: a . Alexander ( ir of Committee) David G. Armstrong P~ William...

Bryant, Margaret Ann

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

High speed, real-time, camera bandwidth converter  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Image data from a CMOS sensor with 10 bit resolution is reformatted in real time to allow the data to stream through communications equipment that is designed to transport data with 8 bit resolution. The incoming image data has 10 bit resolution. The communication equipment can transport image data with 8 bit resolution. Image data with 10 bit resolution is transmitted in real-time, without a frame delay, through the communication equipment by reformatting the image data.

Bower, Dan E; Bloom, David A; Curry, James R

2014-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

345

DOE real property: A yearly statistical handbook, Fiscal year 1992  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

To assist in the tracking, reporting, and management of the real property, DOE has an automated inventory information system. This handbook was prepared as a resource for DOE officials and others who have a need to reference real property data as part of their day-to-day functions. It is intended as an internal working document, and the information therein is a compilation or analysis of data in the information system. It is divided into: land, buildings, and other structures and facilities.

Not Available

1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

346

Order Module--DOE O 430.1B, REAL PROPERTY ASSET MANAGEMENT  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

"The objective of DOE O 430.1B, Real Property Asset Management, is to establish a corporate, holistic, and performance-based approach to real property life-cycle asset management that links real...

347

Green Buildings in Green Cities: Integrating Energy Efficiency into the Real Estate Industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

efficiency/ commercial real estate/ sustainable communitiesCase for Sustainable Building. ” Real Estate Review. 39 (1:real estate first looks broadly for regions where land use patterns are “sustainable,” and

Bardhan, Ashok; Kroll, Cynthia A.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Real World Demonstration of a New American Low-Head Hydropower...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Real World Demonstration of a New American Low-Head Hydropower Unit Real World Demonstration of a New American Low-Head Hydropower Unit Real World Demonstration of a New American...

349

Real-Time Grid Reliability Management PIER Final Project Report  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Real-Time Grid Reliability Management PIER Final Project Report Real-Time Grid Reliability Management PIER Final Project Report Title Real-Time Grid Reliability Management PIER Final Project Report Publication Type Report Year of Publication 2008 Authors Eto, Joseph H., Manu Parashar, Bernard C. Lesieutre, and Nancy J. Lewis Pagination 62 Date Published 12/2008 Publisher LBNL City Berkeley Keywords consortium for electric reliability technology solutions (certs), energy analysis and environmental impacts department Abstract The increased need to manage California's electricity grid in real time is a result of the ongoing transition from a system operated by vertically integrated utilities serving native loads to one operated by an independent system operator supporting competitive energy markets. During this transition period, the traditional approach to reliability management - construction of new transmission lines - has not been pursued due to unresolved issues related to the financing and recovery of transmission project costs. In the absence of investments in new transmission infrastructure, the best strategy for managing reliability is to equip system operators with better real-time information about actual operating margins so that they can better understand and manage the risk of operating closer to the edge. A companion strategy is to address known deficiencies in offline modeling tools that are needed to ground the use of improved real-time tools.

350

Risks and Rewards of Leverage in Romanian Real Estate Investment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Emerging markets real estate performance is nowadays heavily affected by lack of investor confidence, risk perceptions, increasing cost of finance and finally market fundamentals. In turn, banks have looked away from real estate as their balance sheets are loaded with non-performing commercial real estate loans. While the blame for debt excesses is being placed on one party (banks) or another (investors) we take an in depth look at a real estate development company active in Romania in order to understand the effects of leverage. We are trying to answer basic questions in real estate investment, in a Romanian context: is there an intrinsic need for debt financing in real estate? What should be considered a sustainable level of debt in an emerging market such as Romania? What are the risks stemming from too much debt and how should they be managed? The conclusions are limited by the focus on a single company but the company is what could be called a representative case for the Romanian investment market.

Muler Onofrei; Ion Anghel

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Real-time curvature and optical spectroscopy monitoring of magnetron-sputtered \\{WTi\\} alloy thin films  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract \\{WTi\\} thin films are known as potential adhesion promoters and diffusion barriers. \\{WTi\\} thin films were deposited by magnetron sputtering from an alloyed target (W:Ti ~ 70:30 at.%). Real-time surface differential reflectance (SDR) spectroscopy and wafer-curvature measurements were performed during deposition to study the growth and the film continuity threshold. SDR measurements during \\{WTi\\} deposition allow the determination of the change in reflectivity of p-polarized light (at Si substrate Brewster's angle) between \\{WTi\\} film and Si substrate in order to monitor layer growth. The comparison between experimental and simulated \\{WTi\\} SDR signals assuming a homogeneous and continuous layer growth shows that film continuity is ensured beyond a thickness of 4.5 ± 0.2 nm. Real-time wafer-curvature measurements allow the determination of the intrinsic stress development in the film. Two regimes are noticed during the growth up to the development of a compressive steady state stress. The early stages of growth are rather complicated and divided into sub-regimes with similar boundaries revealed by both in situ techniques. Deposition of an interfacial continuous layer different from \\{WTi\\} bulk is suggested by both in situ techniques below a thickness of 4.5 nm.

A. Le Priol; L. Simonot; G. Abadias; P. Guérin; P.-O. Renault; E. Le Bourhis

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

High-Energy X-ray Studies of Real Materials Under Real Conditions and in Real Time  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

High-energy x-rays from 3rd generation synchrotron sources, including the APS, possess a unique combination of high penetration power and high spatial, reciprocal space, and temporal resolution. These characteristics can be exploited to non-destructively measure phase, texture and strain distributions under extreme environments including thermo-mechanical loading, high-pressure, irradiation and supercritical environments. Over the past several years, the 1-ID beamline has developed a number of programs for these purposes, namely (i) high-energy diffraction microscopy, in which grain and sub-grain volumes are mapped in polycrystalline aggregates, and (ii) combined small-and wide-angle x-ray scattering which permits information over a broad range of length scales to be collected from the same (micron-level) volume. These programs have been increasingly used to test and extend predictive simulations of materials behavior over size scales ranging from nm to mm. Select studies will be presented including nucleation and growth of nanomaterials, void and structural evolution in complex composites under thermo-mechanical and irradiated environments, and microstructural changes in layered systems including thermal-barrier coatings, batteries and fuel cells. Finally, extension of these programs, through the planned APS upgrade, to higher spatio-temporal resolution will be described.

Almer, Jonathan (ANL) [ANL

2011-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

353

Coal consumption and economic growth in China  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The aim of this paper is to re-examine the relationship between coal consumption and real GDP of China with the use of panel data. This paper applies modern panel data techniques to help shed light on the importance of the heterogeneity among different regions within China. Empirical analyses are conducted for the full panel as well as three subgroups of the panel. The empirical results show that coal consumption and GDP are both I(1) and cointegrated in all regional groupings. Heterogeneity is found in the GDP equation of the full panel. The regional causality tests reveal that the coal consumption–GDP relationship is bidirectional in the Coastal and Central regions whereas causality is unidirectional from GDP to coal consumption in the Western region. Thus, energy conservation measures will not adversely affect the economic growth of the Western region but such measures will likely encumber the economy of the Coastal and Central regions, where most of the coal intensive industries are concentrated.

Raymond Li; Guy C.K. Leung

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Development plan for an advanced drilling system with real-time diagnostics (Diagnostics-While-Drilling)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This proposal provides the rationale for an advanced system called Diagnostics-while-drilling (DWD) and describes its benefits, preliminary configuration, and essential characteristics. The central concept is a closed data circuit in which downhole sensors collect information and send it to the surface via a high-speed data link, where it is combined with surface measurements and processed through drilling advisory software. The driller then uses this information to adjust the drilling process, sending control signals back downhole with real-time knowledge of their effects on performance. The report presents background of related previous work, and defines a Program Plan for US Department of Energy (DOE), university, and industry cooperation.

FINGER,JOHN T.; MANSURE,ARTHUR J.; PRAIRIE,MICHAEL R.; GLOWKA,D.A.

2000-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Real-time control of a microfluidic channel for size-independent deformability cytometry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Mechanical properties of cells can be correlated with various cell states and are now considered as an important class of biophysical markers. Effectiveness of existing high-throughput microfluidic techniques for investigating cell mechanical properties is adversely affected by cell-size variation in a given cell population. In this work, we introduce a new microfluidic system with real-time feedback control to evaluate single-cell deformability while minimizing cell-size dependence of the measurement. Using breast cancer cells (MCF-7), we demonstrate the potential of this system for stiffness profiling of cells in complex, diverse cell populations.

Guofeng Guan; Peter C Y Chen; Weng Kung Peng; Ali Asgar Bhagat; Chong Jin Ong; Jongyoon Han

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Annual Energy Outlook with Projections to 2025-Market Trends - Market  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Market Drivers Market Drivers Annual Energy Outlook 2004 with Projections to 2025 Market Trends - Market Drivers Index (click to jump links) Trends in Economic Activity International Oil Markets Figure 38. Average annual growth rates of real GDP and economic factors, 1995-2025 (percent). Having problems, call our National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800 for help. Figure data Trends in Economic Activity Strong Economic Growth Is Expected To Continue The output of the Nation's economy, measured by gross domestic product (GDP), is projected to grow by 3.0 percent per year between 2002 and 2025 (with GDP based on 1996 chain-weighted dollars) (Figure 38). The projected growth rate is slightly lower than the 3.1-percent rate projected in AEO2003. The labor force is projected to increase by 0.9 percent per year

357

Customer Risk from Real-Time Retail Electricity Pricing: Bill Volatility and Hedgability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Implementing Real- Time Retail Electricity Pricing,” CenterMarkets With Time-Invariant Retail Prices,” RAND Journal of155 Customer Risk from Real-Time Retail Electricity Pricing:

Borenstein, Severin

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Perspectives on Real-Time Grid Operating Technologies to Manage Reliability in the Western Interconnection  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Real-Time Grid Operating Technologies to Manage ReliabilityEto Environmental Energy Technologies Division October 2013Real-Time Grid Operating Technologies to Manage Reliability

Whitley, Eric

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

E-Print Network 3.0 - acquisition enabling real-time Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

image data in real-time with MRI during active motion remains to be solved... -FFE, FIESTA) imaging sequence for real-time imaging of ... Source: Gilles, Benjamin -...

360

Multicriteria Analysis of Economic Activity for Two Groups of European Countries by Decision Support System MKA-1*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Five macro-economic criteria have been considered in the analysis: GDP per capita; Exports (% of GDP); Imports (% of GDP); Inflation rate (consumer prices); Unemployment rate. Keywords: multicriteria analysis of multicriteria sorting. Many real life problems in management practice may be formulated as problems of choice

Borissova, Daniela

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "measured real gdp" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Energy considerations in real estate appraising  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purposes of the seminar on the subject, the basis of this report, include the following: (1) to provide the appraiser an opportunity to learn how to identify and analyze the actual physical consumption of energy as well as the energy-saving improvements in properties under appraisal and in comparable sale and lease properties; (2) to help the appraiser in developing methods to keep meaningful records on the energy consumption of subject and comparable properties so as to observe in an orderly way the behavior of buyers, sellers, tenants, landlords, borrowers, and lenders with respect to energy efficiency; and (3) to assist the appraiser in learning to measure the relative sensitivities of the various segments of the market to energy considerations as indicated by differences in sale prices and rentals. To achieve these goals, the seminar employed two case studies, one for a angle-family residence and one for a multi-family building, both in Topeka, Kansas. The case studies are for illustrative purposes only; in applying the lessons of the seminar to their own daily work, students should be careful to develop information that is pertinent to their subject properties and subject areas and not rely on any of the particulars laid out in the cases.

None

1980-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Real-time operating systems at higher control  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Although virtually all development of real-time operating systems focuses on the lowest of the three traditional control levels, sheet economics demands higher level real-time OSs. Meeting this demand requires a major change in the mindset of the people who have been focusing on the lowest level of control. {open_quotes}These people are trying to deal with an elephant`s tail, but they don`t realize that there is an elephant attached to it.{close_quotes} For more than three decades, the historical real-time mindset, concepts and techniques have been driven by a particular pair of contexts. First is the application context, which can be characterized as {open_quotes}small, simple, centralized, static subsystems for low-level, sampled data, monitoring and first-order control.{close_quotes} Second is the hardware context, characterized by a scarcity of hardware resources due to size, weight, power and cost considerations. Both of these contexts are changing dramatically in ways that {open_quotes}have a significant impact on the concepts and techniques of real-time computing.{close_quotes} Hardware now offers much higher performance and the real-time domain is expanding upward in the application control hierarchy.

Jensen, E.D.

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Real-Time Systems, Special Issue on Control-theoretical Approaches to Real-Time Computing, 23(1/2): 85-126, 2002 Feedback Control Real-Time Scheduling: Framework, Modeling, and Algorithms*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(1/2): 85-126, 2002 Feedback Control Real-Time Scheduling: Framework, Modeling, and Algorithms* Chenyang Lu}@cs.virginia.edu gt9s@ee.virginia.edu Abstract This paper presents a Feedback Control real-time Scheduling (FCS. These admission-control-based algorithms represent the third major paradigm for real-time scheduling. However

Lu, Chenyang

364

Using Transportation Technology to Increase Efficiencies in Shipping: Real  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Using Transportation Technology to Increase Efficiencies in Using Transportation Technology to Increase Efficiencies in Shipping: Real Life Experience in Oak Ridge Using Transportation Technology to Increase Efficiencies in Shipping: Real Life Experience in Oak Ridge RFITS has enabled DOE ORO to establish a complex-wide initiative, supporting on-site electronic shipping and transportation of waste while utilizing industry best practices to develop and maintain a cost effective and sustainable logistics and inventory management system. Using Transportation Technology to Increase Efficiencies in Shipping: Real Life Experience in Oak Ridge More Documents & Publications Above on the left is K-25, at Oak Ridge before and after the 844,000 sq-ft demolition. In addition, on the right: K Cooling Tower at Savannah River Site demolition.

365

Tracking Living Cells as They Differentiate in Real Time  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Tracking Living Cells as They Differentiate in Real Time Print Tracking Living Cells as They Differentiate in Real Time Print Protein phosphorylation regulates protein function in a cell, either activating or inactivating the proteins responsible for many cell functions ranging from cell proliferation to differentiation to metabolism to signaling, and even programmed cell death. This chemical process has been studied intensively, but until now it has been impossible to watch phosphorylation at the molecular level without damaging cells or interfering with the very processes being examined. Using ALS Infrared Beamline 1.4.3, a group of researchers led by Hoi-Ying Holman, director of the Berkeley Synchrotron Infrared Structural Biology program at the ALS, developed a new technique for monitoring protein phosphorylation inside living mammalian cells, enabling them to follow cellular chemical changes in real time, without bias.

366

Russia-Making Energy Efficiency Real (MEER) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Russia-Making Energy Efficiency Real (MEER) Russia-Making Energy Efficiency Real (MEER) Jump to: navigation, search Name Russia-Making Energy Efficiency Real (MEER) Agency/Company /Organization International Partnership for Energy Efficiency Cooperation (IPEEC) Sector Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy, People and Policy Topics Adaptation, Co-benefits assessment, - Energy Access, Finance, Low emission development planning, -LEDS, Market analysis, Pathways analysis, Policies/deployment programs Country Russia Eastern Europe References International Partnership for Energy Efficiency Cooperation[1] Program Overview The MEER will include a comprehensive inventory of international energy efficiency projects, as well as in-depth analysis of the opportunities to increase market penetration of EE. MEER will explore the role of international institutions in addressing key

367

Tracking Living Cells as They Differentiate in Real Time  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Tracking Living Cells as They Differentiate in Real Time Print Tracking Living Cells as They Differentiate in Real Time Print Protein phosphorylation regulates protein function in a cell, either activating or inactivating the proteins responsible for many cell functions ranging from cell proliferation to differentiation to metabolism to signaling, and even programmed cell death. This chemical process has been studied intensively, but until now it has been impossible to watch phosphorylation at the molecular level without damaging cells or interfering with the very processes being examined. Using ALS Infrared Beamline 1.4.3, a group of researchers led by Hoi-Ying Holman, director of the Berkeley Synchrotron Infrared Structural Biology program at the ALS, developed a new technique for monitoring protein phosphorylation inside living mammalian cells, enabling them to follow cellular chemical changes in real time, without bias.

368

MEMORANDUM FROM: PAUL BOSCO AND CONSTRUCTION MANAGEMENTISENIOR REAL  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

15 2009 15 2009 MEMORANDUM FROM: PAUL BOSCO AND CONSTRUCTION MANAGEMENTISENIOR REAL PROPERTY OFFICER SUBJECT: FY 2009 Federal Real Property Reporting Requirement The attached document provides implementing instructions for FY 2009 real property inventory reporting. Please distribute it to the appropriate elements of your organization. This effort is central to the Department's efforts toward removal from the GAO High Risk List. As in previous years, the Department will use the data in the Facility Information Management System (FIMS) to report to GSA. There is very little change in reporting requirements h m last year. The attached guidance contains detailed instructions for each of the requireddata elements. Please ensure that the requireddata is entered into FIMS by November 13,2009, so that the

369

Tracking Living Cells as They Differentiate in Real Time  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Tracking Living Cells as They Tracking Living Cells as They Differentiate in Real Time Tracking Living Cells as They Differentiate in Real Time Print Thursday, 27 September 2012 00:00 Protein phosphorylation regulates protein function in a cell, either activating or inactivating the proteins responsible for many cell functions ranging from cell proliferation to differentiation to metabolism to signaling, and even programmed cell death. This chemical process has been studied intensively, but until now it has been impossible to watch phosphorylation at the molecular level without damaging cells or interfering with the very processes being examined. Using ALS Infrared Beamline 1.4.3, a group of researchers led by Hoi-Ying Holman, director of the Berkeley Synchrotron Infrared Structural Biology program at the ALS, developed a new technique for monitoring protein phosphorylation inside living mammalian cells, enabling them to follow cellular chemical changes in real time, without bias.

370

Low Dose Radiation Research Program: Research Highlights - Real-time  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Real-time imaging of repair processes possible with Nickel-63 Real-time imaging of repair processes possible with Nickel-63 microirradiator Microscope Microscope stage-mounted microirradiation system. (A) Overall system shown mounted on a micromanipulator housed within a heated, humidified, environmental chamber of a microscope. (B) Close-up showing attachment of device to the micromanipulator. (C) Detail showing the bend in the enclosing capillary, which allows positioning of the active surface directly above the target cell. (D) Microirradiator tip in dissecting microscope. (E) Close-up view through microscope optics (scale bar, 10 microns.) Background: Scientists know that mammalian cells begin a nucleoplasmic repair process within seconds after being exposed to ionizing radiation. Real-time imaging of this process could further understanding of the

371

Mr. Anthony Reale Engineering Department Lutheran Medical Center  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Anthony Reale Anthony Reale Engineering Department Lutheran Medical Center 1550 55th Street Brooklyn, NY 11220 Dear Mr. Reale: The site of the Lutheran Medical Center was formerly used by the American Machine and Foundry Company (AMF) to provide various serviceslto the 111 Department of Energy's predecessor agency, the U.S. The services included the machining and shaping of two uranium and thorium. At the request of the Department with the consent of the Lutheran Medical Center, Oak Ridge Associated Universities (ORAU) visited the Center for the purpose of brief monitoring. The visit included radiological monitoring and soil 55th Street, where available records indicate that metals were machined. The monitoring did not radioactivity from the prior operations.

372

Using Transportation Technology to Increase Efficiencies in Shipping: Real  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Using Transportation Technology to Increase Efficiencies in Using Transportation Technology to Increase Efficiencies in Shipping: Real Life Experience in Oak Ridge Using Transportation Technology to Increase Efficiencies in Shipping: Real Life Experience in Oak Ridge RFITS has enabled DOE ORO to establish a complex-wide initiative, supporting on-site electronic shipping and transportation of waste while utilizing industry best practices to develop and maintain a cost effective and sustainable logistics and inventory management system. Using Transportation Technology to Increase Efficiencies in Shipping: Real Life Experience in Oak Ridge More Documents & Publications Above on the left is K-25, at Oak Ridge before and after the 844,000 sq-ft demolition. In addition, on the right: K Cooling Tower at Savannah River Site demolition.

373

Demand-Side Management (DSM) Opportunities as Real-Options  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Demand-Side Management (DSM) Opportunities as Real-Options Demand-Side Management (DSM) Opportunities as Real-Options Speaker(s): Osman Sezgen Date: August 1, 2002 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Kristina LaCommare As some end-users of energy and aggregators are choosing to be exposed to real-time prices and energy price volatility, they are coming across new DSM opportunities that would not be feasible under typical utility rate structures. Effective evaluation of such opportunities requires a good understanding of the wholesale energy markets and the use of models based on recent financial techniques for option pricing. The speaker will give examples of such modeling approaches based on his experience in the retail-energy industry. Specific examples will include evaluation of distributed generation, load curtailment, dual-fuel cooling, and energy

374

Tracking Living Cells as They Differentiate in Real Time  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Tracking Living Cells as They Differentiate in Real Time Print Tracking Living Cells as They Differentiate in Real Time Print Protein phosphorylation regulates protein function in a cell, either activating or inactivating the proteins responsible for many cell functions ranging from cell proliferation to differentiation to metabolism to signaling, and even programmed cell death. This chemical process has been studied intensively, but until now it has been impossible to watch phosphorylation at the molecular level without damaging cells or interfering with the very processes being examined. Using ALS Infrared Beamline 1.4.3, a group of researchers led by Hoi-Ying Holman, director of the Berkeley Synchrotron Infrared Structural Biology program at the ALS, developed a new technique for monitoring protein phosphorylation inside living mammalian cells, enabling them to follow cellular chemical changes in real time, without bias.

375

Tracking Living Cells as They Differentiate in Real Time  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Tracking Living Cells as They Differentiate in Real Time Print Tracking Living Cells as They Differentiate in Real Time Print Protein phosphorylation regulates protein function in a cell, either activating or inactivating the proteins responsible for many cell functions ranging from cell proliferation to differentiation to metabolism to signaling, and even programmed cell death. This chemical process has been studied intensively, but until now it has been impossible to watch phosphorylation at the molecular level without damaging cells or interfering with the very processes being examined. Using ALS Infrared Beamline 1.4.3, a group of researchers led by Hoi-Ying Holman, director of the Berkeley Synchrotron Infrared Structural Biology program at the ALS, developed a new technique for monitoring protein phosphorylation inside living mammalian cells, enabling them to follow cellular chemical changes in real time, without bias.

376

Java Automation Controller and Real-Time Systems  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Java Automation Controller and Real-Time Systems Java Automation Controller and Real-Time Systems Speaker(s): Greg Bollella Date: June 29, 2009 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Java has always been a disruptive technology and now it is breaking the mold in industrial, process, building, and transportation automation systems. For many years, programmable logic controllers (PLCs), the digital versions of old relay-based control systems (such as that used in the NYC Subway system in the late 1800s) have primarily controlled these systems. PLCs are the workhorses of the controls industry but the market is characterized by proprietary, closed, expensive, special-purpose solutions. A Java-based automation controller breaks the mold by allowing control algorithms, which require strict real-time capabilities, to run on

377

Mexico-Making Energy Efficiency Real (MEER) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Mexico-Making Energy Efficiency Real (MEER) Mexico-Making Energy Efficiency Real (MEER) Jump to: navigation, search Name Mexico-Making Energy Efficiency Real (MEER) Agency/Company /Organization International Partnership for Energy Efficiency Cooperation (IPEEC) Sector Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy, People and Policy Topics Adaptation, Co-benefits assessment, - Energy Access, Finance, Low emission development planning, -LEDS, Market analysis, Pathways analysis, Policies/deployment programs Country Mexico Central America References International Partnership for Energy Efficiency Cooperation[1] Program Overview The MEER will include a comprehensive inventory of international energy efficiency projects, as well as in-depth analysis of the opportunities to increase market penetration of EE. MEER will explore the role of international institutions in addressing key

378

Real-time optical diagnostics of graphene growth induced by pulsed chemical vapor deposition  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The kinetics and mechanisms of graphene growth on Ni films at 720 -880 C have been measured using fast pulses of acetylene and real-time optical diagnostics. In situ UV-Raman spectroscopy was used to unambiguously detect isothermal graphene growth at high temperatures, measure the growth kinetics with ~ 1s temporal resolution, and estimate the fractional precipitation upon cooldown for the first time. Optical reflectivity and videography provided much faster temporal resolution. Both the growth kinetics and the fractional isothermal precipitation were found to be governed by the C2H2 partial pressure in the CVD pulse for a given film thickness and temperature, with up to ~ 94% of graphene growth occurring isothermally within 1 second at 800 C at high partial pressures. At lower partial pressures, isothermal graphene growth is shown to continue 10 seconds after the gas pulse. These flux-dependent growth kinetics are described in the context of a dissolution/precipitation model, where carbon rapidly dissolves into the Ni film and later precipitates driven by gradients in the chemical potential. The combination of pulsed-CVD and real-time optical diagnostics opens new opportunities to understand and control the fast, sub-second growth of graphene on various substrates at high temperatures.

Puretzky, Alexander A [ORNL; Geohegan, David B [ORNL; Pannala, Sreekanth [ORNL; Rouleau, Christopher M [ORNL; Regmi, Murari [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL); Thonnard, Norbert [ORNL; Eres, Gyula [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Hard Quasi-real Photo-production of Charged Hadrons at COMPASS energies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Common Muon Proton Apparatus for Structure and Spectroscopy (COMPASS) at CERN with its use of beams of naturally polarized muons scattered of a polarized deuteron target, provides an environment of hard scattering between quasi-real photons and partons. Hard hadron quasi-real photo-production with polarized initial states is sensitive to the polarized gluon distribution $\\Delta$G through $\\gamma$-gluon($g$) direct channels as well as $q$-$g$ resolved processes. Comparisons of unpolarized differential cross section measurements to next-to-leading order (NLO) pQCD calculations are essential to develop our understanding of proton-proton and lepton-nucleon scattering at varying center of mass energies. These measurements are important to asses the applicability of NLO pQCD in interpreting polarized processes. In this talk we will discuss unidentified charged separated hadron production at low $Q^{2}$ (Q$^{2}1.0\\,GeV/c$). $$ spectra of charged hadrons at $Q^{2}>1 GeV^{2}/c^{2}$ will also be discussed.

Astrid Morréale on behalf of the COMPASS collaboration

2010-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

380

REAL TIME FLAME MONITORING OF GASIFIER BURNER AND INJECTORS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report is submitted to the United States Department of Energy in partial fulfillment of the contractual requirements for Phase I of the project titled, ''Real Time Flame Monitoring of Gasifier Burner and Injectors'', under co-operative agreement number DE-FS26-02NT41585. The project is composed of three one-year budget periods. The work in each year is divided into separate Tasks to facilitate project management, orderly completion of all project objectives, budget control, and critical path application of personnel and equipment. This Topical Report presents results of the Task 1 and 2 work. The 2 D optical sensor was developed to monitor selected UV and visible wavelengths to collect accurate flame characterization information regarding mixing, flame shape, and flame rich/lean characteristic. Flame richness, for example, was determined using OH and CH intensity peaks in the 300 to 500 nanometer range of the UV and visible spectrum. The laboratory burner was operated over a wide range of air to fuel ratio conditions from fuel rich to fuel lean. The sooty oxygen enriched air flames were established to test the sensor ability to characterize flame structures with substantial presence of hot solid particles emitting strong ''black body radiation''. The knowledge gained in these experiments will be very important when the sensor is used for gasifier flame analyses. It is expected that the sensor when installed on the Global Energy gasifier will be exposed to complex radiation patterns. The measured energy will be a combination of spectra emitted by the combusting gases, hot solid particulates, and hot walls of the gasifier chamber. The ability to separate flame emissions from the ''black body emissions'' will allow the sensor to accurately determine flame location relative to the gasifier walls and the injectors, as well as to analyze the flame's structure and condition. Ultimately, this information should enable the gasification processes to be monitored and controlled and as a result increase durability and efficiency of the gasifier. To accomplish goals set for Task 2 GTI will utilize the CANMET Coal Gasification Research facility. The Entrained Coal Gasifier Burner Test Stand has been designed and is currently under construction in the CANMET Energy Technology Center (CETC), the research and technology arm of Natural Resources Canada (NRCan). This Gasifier Burner Stand (GBS) is a scaled-down mock-up of a working gasifier combustion system that can provide the flexible platform needed in the second year of the project to test the flame sensor. The GBS will be capable of simulating combustion and gasification processes occurring in commercial gasifiers, such as Texaco, Shell, and Wabash River.

James Servaites; Serguei Zelepouga; David Rue

2003-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "measured real gdp" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Analysis of real-time reservoir monitoring : reservoirs, strategies, & modeling.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The project objective was to detail better ways to assess and exploit intelligent oil and gas field information through improved modeling, sensor technology, and process control to increase ultimate recovery of domestic hydrocarbons. To meet this objective we investigated the use of permanent downhole sensors systems (Smart Wells) whose data is fed real-time into computational reservoir models that are integrated with optimized production control systems. The project utilized a three-pronged approach (1) a value of information analysis to address the economic advantages, (2) reservoir simulation modeling and control optimization to prove the capability, and (3) evaluation of new generation sensor packaging to survive the borehole environment for long periods of time. The Value of Information (VOI) decision tree method was developed and used to assess the economic advantage of using the proposed technology; the VOI demonstrated the increased subsurface resolution through additional sensor data. Our findings show that the VOI studies are a practical means of ascertaining the value associated with a technology, in this case application of sensors to production. The procedure acknowledges the uncertainty in predictions but nevertheless assigns monetary value to the predictions. The best aspect of the procedure is that it builds consensus within interdisciplinary teams The reservoir simulation and modeling aspect of the project was developed to show the capability of exploiting sensor information both for reservoir characterization and to optimize control of the production system. Our findings indicate history matching is improved as more information is added to the objective function, clearly indicating that sensor information can help in reducing the uncertainty associated with reservoir characterization. Additional findings and approaches used are described in detail within the report. The next generation sensors aspect of the project evaluated sensors and packaging survivability issues. Our findings indicate that packaging represents the most significant technical challenge associated with application of sensors in the downhole environment for long periods (5+ years) of time. These issues are described in detail within the report. The impact of successful reservoir monitoring programs and coincident improved reservoir management is measured by the production of additional oil and gas volumes from existing reservoirs, revitalization of nearly depleted reservoirs, possible re-establishment of already abandoned reservoirs, and improved economics for all cases. Smart Well monitoring provides the means to understand how a reservoir process is developing and to provide active reservoir management. At the same time it also provides data for developing high-fidelity simulation models. This work has been a joint effort with Sandia National Laboratories and UT-Austin's Bureau of Economic Geology, Department of Petroleum and Geosystems Engineering, and the Institute of Computational and Engineering Mathematics.

Mani, Seethambal S.; van Bloemen Waanders, Bart Gustaaf; Cooper, Scott Patrick; Jakaboski, Blake Elaine; Normann, Randy Allen; Jennings, Jim (University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX); Gilbert, Bob (University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX); Lake, Larry W. (University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX); Weiss, Chester Joseph; Lorenz, John Clay; Elbring, Gregory Jay; Wheeler, Mary Fanett (University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX); Thomas, Sunil G. (University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX); Rightley, Michael J.; Rodriguez, Adolfo (University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX); Klie, Hector (University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX); Banchs, Rafael (University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX); Nunez, Emilio J. (University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX); Jablonowski, Chris (University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX)

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Energy Saving System for Home Energy Measurement and Efficient Power Control  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Energy Saving System (ESS) is designed and implemented for real-time home energy measurement and the efficient power control at homes or buildings. For energy saving functions and the future extension to the...

Kwang-Soon Choi; Young-Choong Park; Yang-Keun Ahn…

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

On-Board Measurement of Ammonia and Nitrous Oxide Using Feedback...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Resonance and Low Pressure Sampling A first set of results has found that LASAR and VLPS data in the laboratory closely correlate with real-time, in-use measurement of NH3 and NO...

384

Design of an ultraviolet absorption spectroscopy oil concentration sensor for online HVAC measurements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Recent advances in the modeling and control of the vapor compression cycle has developed the need for a real time oil concentration rate (OCR) sensor. Because of its ability to give the most accurate online measurements ...

Luz, Roman M. (Roman Manuel), 1979-

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Molecular dynamics (MD) calculation of the real zeta potential of neutral surfaces  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Molecular dynamics (MD) simulations of the zeta potential are so poor that it has become common to term their predictions "apparent". Here we demonstrate how MD methods can predict zeta potentials accurate enough they can be termed "real". The critical new aspects of our method are: (1) integrating the net average charge in surface-parallel layers from the midpoint of the fluid layer (where the electrostatic potential is zero) to and then into two solid caps, (2) determining the position of slipping plane with separate Couette flow models, and (3) calculating the charge distribution and electrostatic potential under static conditions. The solids are charge neutral surfaces composed of atoms with zero charge or charge balanced monovalent or divalent ions. The zeta potentials calculated are within a few millivolts of measured values, and the measured values fall within the simulation error bars. The zeta potentials calculated with the Helmholtz and Smoluchowski equation following current practice are 10's of mi...

Liu, Hongyi

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Corporate real estate resources | ENERGY STAR Buildings & Plants  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Corporate real estate resources Corporate real estate resources Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us Portfolio Manager Login Facility owners and managers Existing buildings Commercial new construction Industrial energy management Small business Service providers Service and product providers Verify applications for ENERGY STAR certification Design commercial buildings Energy efficiency program administrators Commercial and industrial program sponsors Associations State and local governments Federal agencies Tools and resources Training In This Section Campaigns Commercial building design Communications resources Energy management guidance Financial resources Portfolio Manager Products and purchasing Recognition Research and reports Service and product provider (SPP) resources Success stories Target Finder

387

Real Time Flame Monitoring of Gasifier Burner and Injectors  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Real Time Flame Monitoring of Gasifier Real Time Flame Monitoring of Gasifier Burner and Injectors Background The Gasification Technologies Program at the National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) supports research and development (R&D) in the area of gasification-a process whereby carbon-based materials (feedstocks) such as coal are converted into synthesis gas (syngas), which is separated into hydrogen (H 2 ) and carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) gas streams in a combustion turbine-generator as a way to generate clean electricity while

388

Commercial real estate resources | ENERGY STAR Buildings & Plants  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Commercial real estate resources Commercial real estate resources Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us Portfolio Manager Login Facility owners and managers Existing buildings Commercial new construction Industrial energy management Small business Service providers Service and product providers Verify applications for ENERGY STAR certification Design commercial buildings Energy efficiency program administrators Commercial and industrial program sponsors Associations State and local governments Federal agencies Tools and resources Training In This Section Campaigns Commercial building design Communications resources Energy management guidance Financial resources Portfolio Manager Products and purchasing Recognition Research and reports Service and product provider (SPP) resources Success stories Target Finder

389

Towards Real Time Diagnostics of Hybrid Welding Laser/GMAW  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Methods are currently being developed towards a more robust system real time feedback in the high throughput process combining laser welding with gas metal arc welding. A combination of ultrasonic, eddy current, electronic monitoring, and visual techniques are being applied to the welding process. Initial simulation and bench top evaluation of proposed real time techniques on weld samples are presented along with the concepts to apply the techniques concurrently to the weld process. Consideration for the eventual code acceptance of the methods and system are also being researched as a component of this project. The goal is to detect defects or precursors to defects and correct when possible during the weld process.

Timothy Mcjunkin; Dennis C. Kunerth; Corrie Nichol; Evgueni Todorov; Steve Levesque; Feng Yu; Robert Danna Couch

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

A real-time airborne scatterometer data processor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Subject: Electrical Fngineering A REAL-TIME AIRBORNE SCATTEROMETER DATA PROCESSOR A Thesis by Gary James Reisor Approved as to style and content by: arrman o Committee Hea o Depa tment em er Mem er August 1976 ABSTRACT A Real-time Airborne... data stream in an industry standard format so that external devices for testing and data storage can be easily interfaced to the RASP system. Bi-phase Level Output (Big-L output) - Provides a high speed, synchronous, bit serial data output port...

Reisor, Gary James

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

391

Based on Gray Comprehensive Evaluation Method of Real Estate  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

With China's rapid economic development, real estate market is changing from seller market to buyer market; residential development projects are also facing increasing challenges. To make real estate development companies healthy and sustainable in this economic environment and not waste of resources; companies must understand the customer’ needs. This paper uses gray comprehensive evaluation to find the most popular residential customers of its analysis from the perspective of the customer. The purpose of the paper is make developers give full consideration to the needs of customers to enhancing their own competitiveness.

Xiaojun Liu; Beibei Chen

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Tax Delinquency on Farm Real Estate in Texas.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- Real lome of t . . nt Cause: s of Tax he More ~nggestions for Improvemc BULLETIN NO. 507 APRIL, 193 TAX DELINQUENCY ON FARM REAL ESTATE IN TEXA, has I gove~ for a ProPC There is outstanding in Texas today delinquent taxes amounting... by these Federal agencies, and by the Texas Relief Commission. Special com mendation is due 600 men and women who conscientiously helped to super 6 BULLETIN NO. 507, TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION vise and compile the data from the county records...

Gabbard, L. P. (Letcher P.)

1935-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

A heterogeneous hierarchical architecture for real-time computing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The need for high-speed data acquisition and control algorithms has prompted continued research in the area of multiprocessor systems and related programming techniques. The result presented here is a unique hardware and software architecture for high-speed real-time computer systems. The implementation of a prototype of this architecture has required the integration of architecture, operating systems and programming languages into a cohesive unit. This report describes a Heterogeneous Hierarchial Architecture for Real-Time (H{sup 2} ART) and system software for program loading and interprocessor communication.

Skroch, D.A.; Fornaro, R.J.

1988-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

The structure of the real and complex numbers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Then there exists z such that z 5 [Z] and z f [YJ . Furthermore X F S implies z F [X] and hence t K [X"j implies z & t. Thus z Q [Y] which is contradictory. ~T~og~2. 8 The real numbers form a complete ordered field. 5 See Appendix 5 Garrett Birkhoff... cf both systems are exhibited. f'rom the viewpoint of abstract algebra. Order is defined for the real numbers and its properties developed therefrom. Theorem 3. 20 demonstrates that the complex numbers cannot be algebraically ordered. Theorem 2. 2...

Linnstaedter, Jerry Leroy

1961-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

How Green is Your Property Portfolio? The Environmental Performance of Commercial Real Estate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Real Estate Environmental Strategies” have been developed, including energy reduction targets and sustainable

Kok, Nils; Bauer, Rob; Eichholtz, Piet; Quigley, John M.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Real-time collaborative editing behavior in USA and Japanese distributed teams  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

While there are tools that allow distributed teams to collaboratively edit in real time, little work examines this practice among real teams doing real work. Even less is known about how teams from different countries make use of real-time collaborative ... Keywords: collaborative editing, computer-mediated communication, csouth carolinaw, cultural differences, distributed teams

Lauren Scissors; N. Sadat Shami; Tatsuya Ishihara; Steven Rohall; Shin Saito

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

24is the average age of our MSc in Real Estate Investment students  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

24is the average age of our MSc in Real Estate Investment students The Cass advantage Located exciting stage of your career journey. About the course The MSc in Real Estate Investment is aimed at students wishing to enter or advance their careers in the fields of real estate investment management, real

Weyde, Tillman

398

What is the total Betti number of a random real hypersurface?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

What is the total Betti number of a random real hypersurface? Damien Gayet, Jean-Yves Welschinger July 12, 2011 Abstract We bound from above the expected total Betti number of a high degree random real of Smith's theory in equivariant homology, that the total Betti number of the real locus of a smooth real

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

399

Social attention and real-world scenes: The roles of action, competition and social content  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Our study also suggests a simple and surreptitious meth- odology for studying social attention to real

Birmingham, Elina

400

MATH 502: REAL AND COMPLEX ANALYSIS SPRING 2004  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MEASURES AND LEBESGUE SPACES Due on Friday, 3-5-04 17. Consider a measurable set A [0, 1] of positive Lebesgue measure. Let A be the normalized restriction of Lebesgue measure to A: for a measurable B A, A A as an F set mod 0. 18. Consider a -algebra of subsets of X with non-atomic finite measure µ. Show

Katok, Svetlana

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "measured real gdp" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

REAL ESTATE FOUNDATION OF BRITISH COLUMBIA PARTNERING FUND GRANT The intent of the Real Estate Foundation of British Columbia Partnering Fund, generated by an  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

REAL ESTATE FOUNDATION OF BRITISH COLUMBIA PARTNERING FUND GRANT GUIDELINES The intent of the Real Estate Foundation of British Columbia Partnering Fund, generated by an endowment to UNBC by the Real Estate Foundation of BC, is to assist faculty and students in obtaining and leveraging funding

Northern British Columbia, University of

402

Measuring Terrorism  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Terrorism will be high on the political agenda for many years to come. Various policies are open to a government fighting terrorism but, in any case, considerable costs are involved. In the competition for political support, the costs and benefits of anti-terrorism policies will be debated. Better information about terrorism and its consequences can improve policy outcome if there is electoral competition. Over the last few years, economic scholars have analysed the effects terrorist acts have on various aspects of the economy. The findings of these impact studies are summarised in this paper. They capture, however, only part of the overall utility losses. Hence, several approaches to value public goods and conceptual issues concerning their application to terrorism are discussed. In particular, the hedonic market approach, the averting behaviour method, the contingent valuation method and vote and popularity functions are reviewed. Further, an exploratory analysis of estimating individuals ’ utility losses using life satisfaction or happiness data is presented. This paper also discusses a substantially different approach combining measurement and decision-making, namely popular referenda.

Bruno S. Frey; Simon Luechinger

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Weak measurements with a qubit meter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We derive schemes to measure the so-called weak values of quantum system observables by coupling of the system to a qubit meter system. We highlight, in particular, the meaning of the imaginary part of the weak values, and show how it can be measured directly on equal footing with the real part of the weak value. We present compact expressions for the weak value of single qubit observables and of product observables on qubit pairs. Experimental studies of the results are suggested with cold trapped ions.

Shengjun Wu; Klaus Mølmer

2009-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

404

Constraint Orientated Specification with CSP and Real Time Temporal Logic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Constraint Orientated Specification with CSP and Real Time Temporal Logic Justin Pearson Department Processes (CSP) [Hoa85] and a version of Propositional Temporal Logic (PTL), derived from [Eme90]. CSP. The behaviour of a CSP process is dependent on its environment; it is therefore difficult to assert global

Kent, University of

405

Concurrent and Real Time Systems: the CSP approach Steve Schneider  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Concurrent and Real Time Systems: the CSP approach by Steve Schneider First published 1999 Systems the CSP approach Steve Schneider A Wiley-Interscience Publication JOHN WILEY & SONS, INC. New York Whitehead This book provides an introduction to Communicating Sequential Processes (CSP) and its use

Doran, Simon J.

406

Flash Memory Garbage Collection in Hard Real-Time Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-date behavior and time consuming garbage collection mechanism, NAND-based flash memory is difficult to integrate into hard-real-time embedded systems. In this thesis, I propose a performance model for flash memory garbage collection that can be used...

Lai, Chien-An

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

407

Design of Gain-Scheduled Strictly Positive Real Controllers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Design of Gain-Scheduled Strictly Positive Real Controllers Using Numerical Optimization the linear SPR controllers, which compose the gain-scheduled controller. Second, we formulate the optimization problem associ- ated with the gain-scheduled controller itself. Restricting our in- vestigation

Damaren, Christopher J.

408

: A Testbed for Empirically Comparing Real-Time Multiprocessor Schedulers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on M processors any pe- riodic task system with total utilization at most M [2], and the global-deadline-first (EDF) scheduling, pre- emptive and nonpreemptive global EDF scheduling, and two variants of the global-real-time constraints. To our knowledge, this paper is the first attempt by anyone to compare partitioned and global

Anderson, James

409

Real and global lifts from PGL3 to G2  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......of the global theta lift in (i) is not difficult...How- ever, as we point out in Remark 7...an oversight at one point of the proof, which...is a global theta lift if and only if its...Real and Global Lifts from PGL3 to G2 2723...and there are up to four generic representations......

Wee Teck Gan; Gordan Savin

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Real Time PMU-Based Stability Monitoring Final Project Report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Real Time PMU-Based Stability Monitoring Final Project Report Power Systems Engineering Research@eecs.wsu.edu Phone: 509-335-1150 Power Systems Engineering Research Center The Power Systems Engineering Research Center (PSERC) is a multi-university Center conducting research on challenges facing the electric power

411

Oxybuoy: Constructing a Real-Time Inexpensive Hypoxia Monitoring Platform  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Oxybuoy: Constructing a Real-Time Inexpensive Hypoxia Monitoring Platform Rizal Nor1 , Mikhail on using research vessels to collect water samples for subsequent chemical anal- ysis or to deploy DO premiums to recoup their development costs. Another commercial strategy is to develop a sensor platform

Nesterenko, Mikhail

412

DETECTING FRAUD IN THE REAL WORLD Michael H. Cahill  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Chapter 1 DETECTING FRAUD IN THE REAL WORLD Michael H. Cahill Lucent Technologies 535 Mountain Ave Ave Murray Hill, NJ 07974 dxsun@bell-labs.com Abstract Finding telecommunications fraud in masses, but they are much more challenging to find. Callers 1 #12;2 are dissimilar, so calls that look like fraud for one

Lambert, Diane

413

Colorado Mortgage Lender Survey 2010 Everitt Real Estate Center  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, 83, 52% Southern Colorado , 18, 11% Eastern plains , 3, 2% Mountains , 9, 6% Western slope , 13, 8Colorado Mortgage Lender Survey 2010 Everitt Real Estate Center Colorado Mortgage Lenders and encouraged. #12;Half from Denver, but other regions represented Northern Colorado , 29, 18% Denver metro area

Rutledge, Steven

414

ENERGY MANAGEMENT REAL-TIME MULTI-TIER INTERNET SERVICES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ENERGY MANAGEMENT IN REAL-TIME MULTI-TIER INTERNET SERVICES A Dissertation Presented to the faculty This dissertation has been read and approved by the examining Committee: Kevin Skadron (Advisor) Sudhanva Gurumurthi and Applied Science: James H. Aylor (Dean) May 2008 #12;Abstract Energy management only recently emerged

Skadron, Kevin

415

RISK MANAGEMENT IN REAL OPTIONS BASED PHARMACEUTICAL PORTFOLIO PLANNING  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: 814-863-9958. Fax: 814-865-7846. In the pharmaceutical industry, the optimal management of the newRISK MANAGEMENT IN REAL OPTIONS BASED PHARMACEUTICAL PORTFOLIO PLANNING Michael J. Rogers, Anshuman incorporate a Monte Carlo simulation procedure to a stochastic optimization model (OptFolio) of pharmaceutical

Maranas, Costas

416

Climate Systems and Climate Change Is Climate Change Real?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Chapter 10 Climate Systems and Climate Change #12;Is Climate Change Real? 1980 1898 2005 2003 #12;Arctic Sea Ice Changes #12;Observed Global Surface Air Temperature #12;! Current climate: weather station data, remote sensing data, numerical modeling using General Circulation Models (GCM) ! Past climate

Pan, Feifei

417

Real Time Dynamic Fracture with Volumetric Approximate Convex Decompositions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

¨uller Nuttapong Chentanez Tae-Yong Kim NVIDIA Figure 1: Destruction of a Roman arena with 1m vertices and 500k and complex objects in real time. The common method for fracture simulation in computer games is to pre-fracture models and replace objects by their pre-computed parts at run-time. This popular method

Müller-Fischer, Matthias

418

The theoretical and real world of 4G technologies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The research paper discusses three variants LTE, WiMAX, and HSPA+ of 4G technologies as prevalent in the market. The major emphasis is on growth patterns of subscribers and comparison of theoretical and real data download and upload speeds. Data ...

N. P. Singh

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Research on the sustainability of China's real estate market  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Although China's real estate market (CREM) has made great development since the Chinese government adopted the reform and opening-up policy in 1978, it has been confronted with many problems during this period. This paper describes the background of CREM and its basic situation, outlines its main problems, and presents suggestions for its sustainable development.

Hao Xie; Zhuang Yu; Jing Wu

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Real-time control of individual agents for crowd simulation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents a novel approach for individual agent's motion simulation in real-time virtual environments. In our model, we focus on addressing two problems: 1) the control model for local motions. We propose to represent a combination of psychological ... Keywords: Crowd simulation, Individual agents controlling, Path planning, Virtual environments

Yunbo Rao; Leiting Chen; Qihe Liu; Weiyao Lin; Yanmei Li; Jun Zhou

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "measured real gdp" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Biodiversity, productivity and stability in real food webs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Biodiversity, productivity and stability in real food webs Boris Worm1 and J. Emmett Duffy2 1 Institute for Marine Science, Du¨ sternbrooker Weg 20, 24105 Kiel, Germany 2 School of Marine Science, The College of William and Mary, Gloucester Point, VA 23062­1346, USA The global biodiversity crisis has

Duffy, J. Emmett

422

Hierarchical Architecture for Real-Time Adaptive Resource Management  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Mihaela Cardei1 , Allalaghatta Pavan2 Honeywell Technology Center 3660 Technology Drive, Minneapolis, MN 55418, USA 1 {ionut, mihaela}@cs.umn.edu, 2 {jha, pavan}@htc.honeywell.com Abstract. This paper presents the Real Time Adaptive Resource Management system (RTARM1 ), developed at the Honeywell Technology Center

Cardei, Ionut

423

Mobile multipath cooperative network for real-time streaming  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Access links are often times the bottlenecks of wireless wide area networks (WWAN). The prevalent use of multimedia applications on mobile devices introduces an ever increasing traffic load on WWAN access links, leading to traffic congestion and unsatisfactory ... Keywords: Mobile multimedia service, Multiple description coding, Network architecture, Overlay network, Quality of experience, Real-time streaming

Viji Raveendran; Phanikumar Bhamidipati; Xun Luo; Xiaolong Huang; Chao Jia

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Cyber security analysis testbed : combining real, emulation, and simulation.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Cyber security analysis tools are necessary to evaluate the security, reliability, and resilience of networked information systems against cyber attack. It is common practice in modern cyber security analysis to separately utilize real systems of computers, routers, switches, firewalls, computer emulations (e.g., virtual machines) and simulation models to analyze the interplay between cyber threats and safeguards. In contrast, Sandia National Laboratories has developed novel methods to combine these evaluation platforms into a hybrid testbed that combines real, emulated, and simulated components. The combination of real, emulated, and simulated components enables the analysis of security features and components of a networked information system. When performing cyber security analysis on a system of interest, it is critical to realistically represent the subject security components in high fidelity. In some experiments, the security component may be the actual hardware and software with all the surrounding components represented in simulation or with surrogate devices. Sandia National Laboratories has developed a cyber testbed that combines modeling and simulation capabilities with virtual machines and real devices to represent, in varying fidelity, secure networked information system architectures and devices. Using this capability, secure networked information system architectures can be represented in our testbed on a single, unified computing platform. This provides an 'experiment-in-a-box' capability. The result is rapidly-produced, large-scale, relatively low-cost, multi-fidelity representations of networked information systems. These representations enable analysts to quickly investigate cyber threats and test protection approaches and configurations.

Villamarin, Charles H.; Eldridge, John M.; Van Leeuwen, Brian P.; Urias, Vincent E.

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

BomB ThreaT Assume threat is real  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Call 911 BomB ThreaT · Assume threat is real · Evacuate area explosion/ Fire · Activate fire alarm or office, do not let the person in · Do not block person's access to an exit · Move away from the threat

Alpay, S. Pamir

426

The development of real–time substructure testing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...research-article Theme Issue Dynamic testing of structures compiled by M. S. Williams...development of real-time substructure testing A. Blakeborough 1 M. S. Williams 1...Bath BA2 7AY, UK Full-scale dynamic testing of civil engineering structures is extremely...

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Accuracy of near real time updates in wind power forecasting  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

· advantage: no NWP data necessary ­ very actual shortest term forecasts possible · wind power inputAccuracy of near real time updates in wind power forecasting with regard to different weather October 2007 #12;EMS/ECAM 2007 ­ Nadja Saleck Outline · Study site · Wind power forecasting - method

Heinemann, Detlev

428

Analytic Functions in Smirnov Classes Ep Real Boundary Values  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Analytic Functions in Smirnov Classes Ep with Real Boundary Values L. De Castro and D. Khavinson. [1] Ch. 10.) Definition 1. An analytic function f(z) in G is said to belong to the class Ep (G) for p known that for p 1 functions in Ep -classes can be represented as Cauchy integrals of their boundary

Khavinson, Dmitry

429

RENOIR -A Benchmark Dataset for Real Noise Reduction Evaluation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 RENOIR - A Benchmark Dataset for Real Noise Reduction Evaluation Josue Anaya, Adrian Barbu Abstract--In this paper we introduce a dataset of uncom- pressed color images taken with three digital and in intensity. The dataset contains over 100 scenes and more than 400 images, including both RAW formatted

Barbu, Adrian

430

Sophomore International Experience Discovering the Real China: Culture and Business  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

at Beijing Capital International Airport · Check in at China People's Palace Hotel #12;3 · Dinner1 Sophomore International Experience Discovering the Real China: Culture and Business January 7 Providence/Boston Jan. 8 Beijing: Arrival, Night Bus Tour along Chang'an Avenue and Tiananmen Square · Arrive

Blais, Brian

431

Optimization of complex robot applications under real physical limitations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optimization of complex robot applications under real physical limitations Matthieu Guilbert Pierre-Brice Wieber Luc Joly August 30, 2007 Abstract This paper deals with minimum time trajectory optimization difficult or even impossible to model. The structure of the optimization problem allows us to decompose

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

432

Purchasing coastal real estate in hawai`i  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Purchasing coastal real estate in hawai`i a Practical guide of common Questions and answers august 2006 natural hazard considerations for #12;a Practical guide of common Questions and answers Purchasing, Office of Conservation and Coastal Lands Coastal Zone Management Program State of Hawai`i Office

Wang, Yuqing

433

Closed-loop real-time control on distributed networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in presence of network delays and packet losses. A single actuator magnetic ball levitation system was used as a test bed to validate the proposed algorithm. A brief study of real-time requirements of the networked control system is presented and a client-server...

Ambike, Ajit Dilip

2004-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

434

Real-Time Networked Control with Multiple Clients  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in this research due to its better real-time performance instead of transmission control protocol (TCP). Although UDP has no guarantee for transferring data, it has smaller overheads and less time delay than TCP. Since the robotic wheelchair and the server are run...

Lee, Minhyung

2010-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

435

Multimodal Interaction: Real Context Studies on Mobile Digital Artefacts  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The way users interact with mobile applications varies according to the context where they are. We conducted a study where users had to manipulate a multimodal questionnaire in 4 different contexts (home, park, subway and driving), considering different ... Keywords: Mobile Devices, Multimodal Interaction, Studies in Real Contexts

Tiago Reis; Marco Sá; Luís Carriço

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

METROPOLITAN REPORT Economic Indicators for the New Orleans Area  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by the real GDP advance estimate released by the Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) in early August. After a disappointing first quarter, when the real GDP declined by 2%, the US economy bounced back at the end of June a disappointing first quarter when the real output declined by 2%, the US economy bounced back at the end of June

Li, X. Rong

437

Real-time estimation of gas turbine engine damage using a control-based Kalman filter algorithm  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this paper a second-generation Kalman filter algorithm is described that has sufficient accuracy and response for real-time detection and estimation of gas turbine engine gas path damage caused by normal wear, mechanical failures, and ingestion of foreign objects. The algorithm was developed for in-flight operation of aircraft engines but also has application for marine and industrial gas turbines. The control measurement and microcomputer requirements are described. The performance and sensitivity to engine transients and measurement errors is evaluated. The algorithm is demonstrated with actual engine data of ice and bird ingestion tests.

Kerr, L.J.; Nemec, T.S.; Gallops, G.W. (Pratt and Whitney, United Technologies Corp., West Palm Beach, FL (US))

1992-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Magnetotelluric measurements  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The ideas of flux quantization and Josephson tunneling are reviewed, and the operation of the dc SQUID as a magnetometer is described. The SQUID currently used for magnetotellurics has a sensitivity of 10/sup -14/ T Hz/sup -1/2/, a dynamic range at 10/sup 7/ in a 1 Hz bandwidth, a frequency response from 0 to 40 kHz, and a slewing rate of 5 x 10/sup -5/T s/sup -1/. Recent improvements in sensitivity are discussed: SQUIDS are rapidly approaching the limit imposed by the uncertainty principle. The essential ideas of magnetotelluric (MT) measurements are outlined, and it is shown how the remote reference method can lead to major reductions in bias errors compared to more conventional schemes. The field techniques of the Berkeley group are described. The practical application of MT requires that amplitude and phase spectra of apparent resistivities be transformed into a geologically useful distribution of subsurface resistivities. In many areas where MT is being applied today, the technique may not provide the information needed because stations are too few and widely spaced, or because we are unable to interpret data influenced by complex 3-D resistivity features. The results of two surveys, one detailed, the other regional, over the Klamath Basin, Oregon, are examined. The detailed survey is able to resolve small (1 km wide) structural features that are missed or add a component of spatial aliasing to the regional data. On the other hand, the regional survey avoids truncation effects that may occur when the survey undersamples an area.

Clarke, J.; Goldstein, N.E.

1980-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Real-Time Traffic Information for Emergency Evacuations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

There are many instances in which it is possible to plan ahead for an emergency evacuation (e.g., a chemical processing facility explosion). For those cases, if an accident were to happen, then the best evacuation plan for the prevailing network and weather conditions would be deployed. In other cases (e.g., the derailment of a train transporting hazardous materials), there may not be any previously developed plan to be implemented, and decisions must be made ad-hoc on how to proceed with an emergency evacuation. In both situations, the availability of real-time traffic information plays a critical role in the management of the evacuation operations. Due to cost constraints, only large urban areas have traffic sensor deployments that permit access to some sort of real-time traffic information; an evacuation taking place in other areas of the country would have to proceed without real-time traffic information. In order to improve operations during a vehicular emergency evacuation anywhere, a system of sensors that uses newly developed real-time traffic-information-gathering technologies to assess traffic conditions and to detect incidents on the main evacuation routes is presented in this paper. A series of tests, both in a controlled environment and in the field, were conducted to study the feasibility of such a system of traffic sensors and to assess its ability to provide real-time traffic information during an emergency evacuation. The results of these tests indicated that the prototype sensors are reliable and accurate for the type of application that is the focus of this paper.

Franzese, Oscar [ORNL] [ORNL; Zhang, Li [Mississippi State University (MSU)] [Mississippi State University (MSU); Mahmoud, Anas M. [Mississippi State University (MSU)] [Mississippi State University (MSU)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

REAL-TIME TRACER MONITORING OF RESERVOIR STIMULATION PROCEDURES  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Ongoing Phase 2 work comprises the development and field-testing of a real-time reservoir stimulation diagnostic system. Phase 3 work commenced in June 2001, and involved conducting research, development and field-testing of real-time enhanced dual-fluid stimulation processes. Experimental field-testing to date includes three well tests. Application of these real-time stimulation processes and diagnostic technologies has been technically successful with commercial production from the ''marginal'' reservoirs in the first two well tests. The third well test proved downhole-mixing is an efficient process for acid stimulation of a carbonate reservoir that produced oil and gas with 2200 psi bottomhole reservoir pressure, however, subsequent shut-in pressure testing indicated the reservoir was characterized by low-permeability. Realtimezone continues to seek patent protection in foreign markets to the benefit of both RTZ and NETL. Realtimezone and the NETL have licensed the United States patented to Halliburton Energy Services (HES). Ongoing Phase 2 and Phase 3 field-testing continues to confirm applications of both real-time technologies, from well testing conducted over the last 12-month work period and including well test scheduled for year-end of 2002. Technical data transfer to industry is ongoing via Internet tech-transfer, public presentations and industry publications. Final Phase 3 test work will be focused on further field-testing the innovational process of blending stimulation fluids downhole. This system provides a number of advantages in comparison to older industry fracturing techniques and allows the operator to control reservoir fracture propagation and concentrations of proppant placed in the reservoir, in real-time. Another observed advantage is that lower friction pressures result, which results in lower pump treating pressures and safer reservoir hydraulic fracturing jobs.

George Scott III

2002-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "measured real gdp" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Nonlinear Adaptive Control of Networked Power Generators with Remote Measurement Units  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

provided by Phasor Measurement Units (PMU). The proposed control system is designed in a robust way illustrate its good behavior, and suggest that the new measurement and data transmission devices can bring Measurement Units (PMU). These devices are far beyond SCADA, and let one envisage the use of real time remote

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

442

Real-Time Imaging of Plant Cell Wall Structure at Nanometer Scale, with Respect to Cellulase Accessibility and Degradation Kinetics (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Presentation on real-time imaging of plant cell wall structure at nanometer scale. Objectives are to develop tools to measure biomass at the nanometer scale; elucidate the molecular bases of biomass deconstruction; and identify factors that affect the conversion efficiency of biomass-to-biofuels.

Ding, S. Y.

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

This Week In Petroleum Printer-Friendly Version  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

percent change from prior year Year Real GDP Commercial jet fuel consumption Real jet fuel price Real ticket price Air carrier capacity Revenue ton-miles 2007 2.1 0.9 5.7 - 1.1...

444

Virtual Reality in Brazil 2011: RPR-SORS: Real-time photorealistic rendering of synthetic objects into real scenes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents a review of the Photorealistic Augmented Reality field and proposes a solution for interactively rendering virtual objects into dynamic real scenes in a photorealistic way. This solution features a rendering pipeline that comprises ... Keywords: Augmented reality, Authoring toolkit, Computer graphics, Photorealism, Pipeline

Saulo A. Pessoa; Guilherme de S. Moura; Joao Paulo S. do M. Lima; Veronica Teichrieb; Judith Kelner

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

The Triangle of Life: Evolving Robots in Real-time and Real-space A.E. Eiben1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

mecha- nisms. For example, one could use classic mechatronic com- ponents and 3D-printing to produce new and it is repeated in real hardware thus creating `robot children' over and over again. This is new in evolved 3D printed robots, where the body structure is printed off-line. Even if the design is evolved, the printer

Eiben, A.E. "Guszti"

446

Environmental Effects on Real-Space and Redshift-Space Galaxy Clustering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Galaxy formation inside dark matter halos, as well as the halo formation itself, can be affected by large-scale environments. Evaluating the imprints of environmental effects on galaxy clustering is crucial for precise cosmological constraints with data from galaxy redshift surveys. We investigate such an environmental impact on both real-space and redshift-space galaxy clustering statistics using a semi-analytic model derived from the Millennium Simulation. We compare clustering statistics from original SAM galaxy samples and shuffled ones with environmental influence on galaxy properties eliminated. Among the luminosity-threshold samples examined, the one with the lowest threshold luminosity (~0.2L_*) is affected by environmental effects the most, which has a ~10% decrease in the real-space two-point correlation function (2PCF) after shuffling. By decomposing the 2PCF into five different components based on the source of pairs, we show that the change in the 2PCF can be explained by the age and richness dependence of halo clustering. The 2PCFs in redshift space are found to change in a similar manner after shuffling. If the environmental effects are neglected, halo occupation distribution modeling of the real-space and redshift-space clustering may have a less than 6.5% systematic uncertainty in constraining beta from the most affected SAM sample and have substantially smaller uncertainties from the other, more luminous samples. We argue that the effect could be even smaller in reality. In the Appendix, we present a method to decompose the 2PCF, which can be applied to measure the two-point auto-correlation functions of galaxy sub-samples in a volume-limited galaxy sample and their two-point cross-correlation functions in a single run utilizing only one random catalog.

Ying Zu; Zheng Zheng; G. T. Zhu; Y. P. Jing

2007-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

447

Order Module--DOE O 430.1B, REAL PROPERTY ASSET MANAGEMENT | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

30.1B, REAL PROPERTY ASSET MANAGEMENT 30.1B, REAL PROPERTY ASSET MANAGEMENT Order Module--DOE O 430.1B, REAL PROPERTY ASSET MANAGEMENT "The objective of DOE O 430.1B, Real Property Asset Management, is to establish a corporate, holistic, and performance-based approach to real property life-cycle asset management that links real property asset planning, programming, budgeting, and evaluation to program mission projections and performance outcomes. To accomplish the objective, this Order identifies requirements and establishes reporting mechanisms and responsibilities for real property asset management. This Order implements DOE P 580.1, Management Policy for Planning, Programming, Budgeting, Operation, Maintenance and Disposal of Real Property, dated 5/20/02. DOE Order Self Study Modules - DOE O 430.1B Real Property Asset Management

448

V-049: RealPlayer Buffer Overflow and Invalid Pointer Flaw Let Remote Users  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

9: RealPlayer Buffer Overflow and Invalid Pointer Flaw Let 9: RealPlayer Buffer Overflow and Invalid Pointer Flaw Let Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code V-049: RealPlayer Buffer Overflow and Invalid Pointer Flaw Let Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code December 18, 2012 - 1:30am Addthis PROBLEM: RealPlayer Buffer Overflow and Invalid Pointer Flaw Let Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code PLATFORM: Windows RealPlayer 15.0.6.14 and prior. ABSTRACT: Two vulnerabilities were reported in RealPlayer. REFERENCE LINKS: RealPlayer Security Vulnerabilities Secunia Advisory SA51589 SecurityTracker Alert ID: 1027893 CVE-2012-5690 CVE-2012-5691 IMPACT ASSESSMENT: Medium DISCUSSION: Two vulnerabilities have been reported in RealPlayer, which can be exploited by malicious people to compromise a user's system. A remote user can create a specially crafted RealAudio file that, when

449

High Precision Measurements Using High Frequency Signals  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Generalized lock-in amplifiers use digital cavities with Q-factors as high as 5X10^8. In this letter, we show that generalized lock-in amplifiers can be used to analyze microwave (giga-hertz) signals with a precision of few tens of hertz. We propose that the physical changes in the medium of propagation can be measured precisely by the ultra-high precision measurement of the signal. We provide evidence to our proposition by verifying the Newton's law of cooling by measuring the effect of change in temperature on the phase and amplitude of the signals propagating through two calibrated cables. The technique could be used to precisely measure different physical properties of the propagation medium, for example length, resistance, etc. Real time implementation of the technique can open up new methodologies of in-situ virtual metrology in material design.

Jin, Aohan; Sakurai, Atsunori; Liu, Liang; Edman, Fredrik; Öwall, Viktor; Pullerits, Tonu; Karki, Khadga J

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Agent-based Large-Scale Emergency Evacuation Using Real-Time Open Government Data  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The open government initiatives have provided tremendous data resources for the transportation system and emergency services in urban areas. This paper proposes a traffic simulation framework using high temporal resolution demographic data and real time open government data for evacuation planning and operation. A comparison study using real-world data in Seattle, Washington is conducted to evaluate the framework accuracy and evacuation efficiency. The successful simulations of selected area prove the concept to take advantage open government data, open source data, and high resolution demographic data in emergency management domain. There are two aspects of parameters considered in this study: user equilibrium (UE) conditions of traffic assignment model (simple Non-UE vs. iterative UE) and data temporal resolution (Daytime vs. Nighttime). Evacuation arrival rate, average travel time, and computation time are adopted as Measure of Effectiveness (MOE) for evacuation performance analysis. The temporal resolution of demographic data has significant impacts on urban transportation dynamics during evacuation scenarios. Better evacuation performance estimation can be approached by integrating both Non-UE and UE scenarios. The new framework shows flexibility in implementing different evacuation strategies and accuracy in evacuation performance. The use of this framework can be explored to day-to-day traffic assignment to support daily traffic operations.

Lu, Wei [ORNL; Liu, Cheng [ORNL; Bhaduri, Budhendra L [ORNL

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Validation of the Real and Simulated Data of the Pierre Auger Fluorescence Telescopes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The fluorescence detector (FD) of the Pierre Auger Observatory is currently operating 18 fluorescence telescopes of the 24 that will be employed in the completed detector. These telescopes, grouped in 4 eyes each consisting of 6 telescopes, measure the longitudinal profile of cosmic ray showers with a 14% duty cycle. The reconstruction capability and triggering efficiency have been studied using a complete simulation and reconstruction production chain, employing both simulated CORSIKA showers and parameterised Gaisser-Hillas profiles. The propagation through the atmosphere and the detector response are taken into account and simulated in detail. These simulated data have been generated in a preliminary analysis using the method of importance sampling to efficiently cover the energy region of 0.3 - 300 EeV, various shower geometries and impact points and different primary particles. The distributions of observables have then been investigated in both real and simulated data, facilitating the validation of the reconstruction and simulation software. Comparisons of real and simulated data are discussed and used to assess their impact on the data analysis.

The Pierre Auger Collaboration; L. Perrone

2005-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

452

Cooperativity in Protein Folding: From Lattice Models with Side Chains to Real Proteins  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider equilibrium folding transitions in lattice protein models with and without side chains. A dimensionless measure, $Omega_{c}$, is introduced to quantitatively assess the degree of cooperativity in lattice models and in real proteins. We show that larger values of $\\Omega_{c}$ resembling those seen in proteins are obtained in lattice models with side chains (LMSC). The enhanced cooperativity in LMSC is due to the possibility of denser packing of side chains in the interior of the model protein. We also establish that $\\Omega_{c}$ correlates extremely well with (\\sigma = (T_{\\theta} -T_{f} )/T_{\\theta}), where (T_{\\theta}) and (T_{f}) are collapse and folding transition temperatures, respectively. These theoretical ideas are used to analyze folding transitions in various real proteins. The values of $\\Omega _{c}$ extracted from experiments show a correlation with $\\sigma $. We conclude that the degree of cooperativity can be expressed in terms of the single parameter $\\sigma $, which can be estimated from experimental data.

D. K. Klimov; D. Thirumalai

1998-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

453

Power Corrections in Charmless Nonleptonic B Decays: Annihilationis Factorizable and Real  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We classify {Lambda}{sub QCD}/m{sub b} power corrections to nonleptonic B {yields} M{sub 1}M{sub 2} decays, where M{sub 1,2} are charmless non-isosinglet mesons. Using recent developments in soft-collinear effective theory, we prove that the leading contributions to annihilation amplitudes of order {alpha}{sub s}(m{sub b}) {Lambda}{sub QCD}/m{sub b} are real. The leading annihilation amplitudes depend on twist-2 and the twist-3 three parton distributions. A complex nonperturbative parameter from annihilation first appears at {Omega}[{alpha}{sub s}{sup 2}({radical}{Lambda}m{sub b}){Lambda}{sub QCD}/m{sub b}]. 'Chirally enhanced' contributions are also factorizable and real at lowest order. Thus, incalculable strong phases are suppressed in annihilation amplitudes, unless the {alpha}{sub s}({radical}{Lambda}m{sub b}) expansion breaks down. Modeling the distribution functions, we find that (11 {+-} 9)% and (15 {+-} 11)% of the absolute values of the measured {bar B}{sup 0} {yields} K{sup -}{pi}{sup +} and B{sup -} {yields} K{sup -}K{sup 0} penguin amplitudes come from annihilation. This is consistent with the expected size of power corrections.

Arnesen, Christian M.; Ligeti, Zoltan; Rothstein, Ira Z.; Stewart, Iain W.

2006-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

454

FPGA Based Real-time Network Traffic Analysis using Traffic Dispersion Patterns  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The problem of Network Traffic Classification (NTC) has attracted significant amount of interest in the research community, offering a wide range of solutions at various levels. The core challenge is in addressing high amounts of traffic diversity found in today's networks. The problem becomes more challenging if a quick detection is required as in the case of identifying malicious network behavior or new applications like peer-to-peer traffic that have potential to quickly throttle the network bandwidth or cause significant damage. Recently, Traffic Dispersion Graphs (TDGs) have been introduced as a viable candidate for NTC. The TDGs work by forming a network wide communication graphs that embed characteristic patterns of underlying network applications. However, these patterns need to be quickly evaluated for mounting real-time response against them. This paper addresses these concerns and presents a novel solution for real-time analysis of Traffic Dispersion Metrics (TDMs) in the TDGs. We evaluate the dispersion metrics of interest and present a dedicated solution on an FPGA for their analysis. We also present analytical measures and empirically evaluate operating effectiveness of our design. The mapped design on Virtex-5 device can process 7.4 million packets/second for a TDG comprising of 10k flows at very high accuracies of over 96%.

Khan, F; Gokhale, M; Chuah, C N

2010-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

455

Automated real-time detection of defects during machining of ceramics  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Apparatus for the automated real-time detection and classification of defects during the machining of ceramic components employs an elastic optical scattering technique using polarized laser light. A ceramic specimen is continuously moved while being machined. Polarized laser light is directed onto the ceramic specimen surface at a fixed position just aft of the machining tool for examination of the newly machined surface. Any foreign material near the location of the laser light on the ceramic specimen is cleared by an air blast. As the specimen is moved, its surface is continuously scanned by the polarized laser light beam to provide a two-dimensional image presented in real-time on a video display unit, with the motion of the ceramic specimen synchronized with the data acquisition speed. By storing known ``feature masks`` representing various surface and sub-surface defects and comparing measured defects with the stored feature masks, detected defects may be automatically characterized. Using multiple detectors, various types of defects may be detected and classified. 14 figs.

Ellingson, W.A.; Sun, J.

1997-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

456

Automated real-time detection of defects during machining of ceramics  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Apparatus for the automated real-time detection and classification of defects during the machining of ceramic components employs an elastic optical scattering technique using polarized laser light. A ceramic specimen is continuously moved while being machined. Polarized laser light is directed onto the ceramic specimen surface at a fixed position just aft of the machining tool for examination of the newly machined surface. Any foreign material near the location of the laser light on the ceramic specimen is cleared by an air blast. As the specimen is moved, its surface is continuously scanned by the polarized laser light beam to provide a two-dimensional image presented in real-time on a video display unit, with the motion of the ceramic specimen synchronized with the data acquisition speed. By storing known "feature masks" representing various surface and sub-surface defects and comparing measured defects with the stored feature masks, detected defects may be automatically characterized. Using multiple detectors, various types of defects may be detected and classified.

Ellingson, William A. (Naperville, IL); Sun, Jiangang (Westmont, IL)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

MHK Projects/Leancon Real Sea Test | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Leancon Real Sea Test Leancon Real Sea Test < MHK Projects Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"500px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"File:Aquamarine-marker.png","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":56.2481,"lon":7.91208,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"http:\/\/prod-http-80-800498448.us-east-1.elb.amazonaws.com\/w\/images\/7\/74\/Aquamarine-marker.png","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

458

REAL ESTATE & EQUIPMENT LEASING / RENTAL CALIFORNIA LAWRENCE BERKELEY LAB  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

REAL ESTATE & EQUIPMENT LEASING / RENTAL REAL ESTATE & EQUIPMENT LEASING / RENTAL CALIFORNIA LAWRENCE BERKELEY LAB POC David Chen Telephone (510) 486-4506 Email dtchen@lbl.gov Construction, Mining, and Forestry Machinery and Equipment Rental and Leasing 532412 Office Machinery and Equipment Rental and Leasing 532420 LAWRENCE LIVERMORE LAB POC Jill Swanson Telephone (925) 423-4535 Email swanson6@llnl.gov Construction, Mining, and Forestry Machinery and Equipment Rental and Leasing 532412 Office Machinery and Equipment Rental and Leasing 532420 COLORADO GOLDEN FIELD OFFICE POC Karen Downs Telephone (720) 356-1269 Email karen.downs@go.doe.gov Lessors of Residential Buildings and Dwellings 531110 Lessors of Nonresidential Buildings (except Miniwarehouses) 531120 Lessors of Miniwarehouses and Self-Storage Units 531130 Truck, Utility Trailer, and RV (Recreational Vehicle) Rental and Leasing

459

Photon Sciences | About Photon Sciences | Levitation: Is it Real?  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Levitation: Is it Real? Levitation: Is it Real? « Back One hundred years ago, in 1911, a Dutchman by the name of Heike Kamerlingh Onnes discovered superconductivity. He found that mercury had no electrical resistance when cooled to 4.15 kelvins, or -451.93 degrees Fahrenheit. (Dry ice has a surface temperature of -109.3 ºF. Handling dry ice with your bare hand will give you frostbite!) Today, the race is on to find materials that are superconducting at room temperature. Once this happens, the world-wide web of electronics, power and transportation will be revolutionized. NSLS supports a rich program of research to understand the basic phenomenon of superconductivity and develop it in ways that will facilitate commercialization. Often, the work zigzags in unexpected ways. Over a decade ago, scientists

460

REAL TIME GRID RELIABILITY MANAGEMENT 2005 PIER FINAL PROJECT REPORT  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

REAL TIME GRID RELIABILITY REAL TIME GRID RELIABILITY MANAGEMENT 2005 Prepared For: California Energy Commission Public Interest Energy Research Program Prepared By: Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory PIER FINAL PROJECT REPORT LBNL-62368 ii Legal Notice This report was prepared as a result of work sponsored by the California Energy Commission (Energy Commission). It does not necessarily represent the views of the Energy Commission, its employees, or the State of California. The Energy Commission, the State of California, its employees, contractors, and subcontractors make no warrant, express or implied, and assume no legal liability for the information in this report; nor does any party represent that the use of this information will not infringe upon privately owned rights. This report has not been

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "measured real gdp" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Real-Time Raman Gas Composition Sensor.pdf  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Sensor Sensor Opportunity Technology/Capability Overview Benefits to Partner Development Status Contact The NETL Real-time Raman Gas Composition Analyzer determines the composition of a flowing gaseous sample in real-time and provides the concentration of each gas in that sample. . . . ‡ Testing partners would have the opportunity to evaluate the performance of the prototype system, implement new feed-forward controls, and may help shape the commercial product configuration ‡ This sensor will greatly benefit the power industry, as well as other industries utilizing gaseous input or output streams by enabling smarter control to increase process efficiency and reduce emissions ‡ We are seeking opportunities to field test the prototype instruments in power and industrial applications, as well

462

Real Goods Solar San Rafael | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Rafael Rafael Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Real Goods Solar San Rafael Name Real Goods Solar San Rafael Address 27 Simms Street Place San Rafael, California Zip 94901 Sector Solar Year founded 1978 Phone number 415-456-2800 Website http://www.realgoodssolar.com Coordinates 37.9584203°, -122.5046361° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":37.9584203,"lon":-122.5046361,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

463

Real Goods Solar Santa Cruz | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Goods Solar Santa Cruz Goods Solar Santa Cruz Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Real Goods Solar Santa Cruz Name Real Goods Solar Santa Cruz Address 1115 Thompson Avenue, #1 Place Santa Cruz, California Zip 95062 Sector Solar Year founded 1978 Phone number 831-477-0943 Website http://www.realgoodssolar.com/ Coordinates 36.967958°, -121.971606° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":36.967958,"lon":-121.971606,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

464

Real Time Monitoring of Self Assembled Monolayers Using ATR: Implications  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Real Time Monitoring of Self Assembled Monolayers Using ATR: Implications Real Time Monitoring of Self Assembled Monolayers Using ATR: Implications to Atmospheric Organic Surfaces Speaker(s): Yael Dubowski Date: December 10, 2003 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Hugo Destaillats Most studies of heterogeneous reactions on aerosols have focused on their implications for gas phase species. Less attention, however, has been given to the modification of aerosol surfaces during such reactions. Alteration of aerosol surface species may affect their hygroscopic and radiative properties as well as their reactivity toward other atmospheric trace species. In the present study, we use self-assembled organic monolayers (SAM) as proxies for atmospheric organic aerosols. Detection of even very short carbon chains (i.e., C3) as well as continuous monitoring of the SAMs

465

REAL-TIME BUILDING ENERGY SIMULATION USING ENERGYPLUS AND THE  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

REAL-TIME BUILDING ENERGY SIMULATION USING ENERGYPLUS AND THE REAL-TIME BUILDING ENERGY SIMULATION USING ENERGYPLUS AND THE BUILDING CONTROLS VIRTUAL TEST BED Xiufeng Pang 1 , Prajesh Bhattacharya 1 , Zheng O'Neill 2 , Philip Haves 1 , Michael Wetter 1 , and Trevor Bailey 2 1 Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA, USA 2 United Technologies Research Center, East Hartford, CT, USA ABSTRACT Most commercial buildings do not perform as well in practice as intended by the design and their performances often deteriorate over time. Reasons include faulty construction, malfunctioning equipment, incorrectly configured control systems and inappropriate operating procedures (Haves et al., 2001, Lee et al., 2007). To address this problem, the paper presents a simulation-based whole building performance monitoring tool that allows a

466

Chiral and real N=2 supersymmetric ?-conformal Galilei algebras  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Inequivalent N=2 supersymmetrizations of the ?-conformal Galilei algebra in d-spatial dimensions are constructed from the chiral (2, 2) and the real (1, 2, 1) basic supermultiplets of the N=2 supersymmetry. For non-negative integer and half-integer ?, both superalgebras admit a consistent truncation with a (different) finite number of generators. The real N=2 case coincides with the superalgebra introduced by Masterov, while the chiral N=2 case is a new superalgebra. We present D-module representations of both superalgebras. Then we investigate the new superalgebra derived from the chiral supermultiplet. It is shown that it admits two types of central extensions, one is found for any d and half-integer ?, and the other only for d= 2 and integer ?. For each central extension, the centrally extended ?-superconformal Galilei algebra is realized in terms of its super-Heisenberg subalgebra generators.

Aizawa, N. [Department of Mathematics and Information Sciences, Graduate School of Science, Osaka Prefecture University, Nakamozu Campus, Sakai, Osaka 599-8351 (Japan)] [Department of Mathematics and Information Sciences, Graduate School of Science, Osaka Prefecture University, Nakamozu Campus, Sakai, Osaka 599-8351 (Japan); Kuznetsova, Z. [UFABC, Rua Santa Adélia 166, Bangu, cep 09210-170, Santo André, SP (Brazil)] [UFABC, Rua Santa Adélia 166, Bangu, cep 09210-170, Santo André, SP (Brazil); Toppan, F. [CBPF, Rua Dr. Xavier Sigaud 150, Urca, cep 22290-180, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)] [CBPF, Rua Dr. Xavier Sigaud 150, Urca, cep 22290-180, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)

2013-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

467

Coordinated Home Energy Management for Real-Time Power Balancing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper proposes a coordinated home energy management system (HEMS) architecture where the distributed residential units cooperate with each other to achieve real-time power balancing. The economic benefits for the retailer and incentives for the customers to participate in the proposed coordinated HEMS program are given. We formulate the coordinated HEMS design problem as a dynamic programming (DP) and use approximate DP approaches to efficiently handle the design problem. A distributed implementation algorithm based on the convex optimization based dual decomposition technique is also presented. Our focus in the current paper is on the deferrable appliances, such as Plug-in (Hybrid) Electric Vehicles (PHEV), in view of their higher impact on the grid stability. Simulation results shows that the proposed coordinated HEMS architecture can efficiently improve the real-time power balancing.

Chang, Tsung-Hui; Scaglione, Anna

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Real estate management: past, present, and future research directions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This article aims at discussing how the literature about the real estate management has been evolving over time. To date, both scholars and practitioners substantially converge in maintaining that, if properly performed, that bundle of operations known as corporate real estate management (CREM) can positively affect the overall corporate profitability. Nonetheless, this assumption seems to need more empirical evidence if it wants to be consolidated. Furthermore, although CREM is still the most addressed area of inquiry, over the last years, the attention to related topics, such as the managing of construction projects, has been increasing also. We believe that, in the future, the attention to these topics will increase proportionally to the growing relevance of environmental and social sustainability issues.

Gianpaolo Abatecola; Andrea Caputo; Michela Mari; Sara Poggesi

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Subsystem real-time Time Dependent Density Functional Theory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present the extension of Frozen Density Embedding (FDE) theory to real-time Time Dependent Density Functional Theory (rt-TDDFT). FDE a is DFT-in-DFT embedding method that allows to partition a larger Kohn-Sham system into a set of smaller, coupled Kohn-Sham systems. Additional to the computational advantage, FDE provides physical insight into the properties of embedded systems and the coupling interactions between them. The extension to rt-TDDFT is done straightforwardly by evolving the Kohn-Sham subsystems in time simultaneously, while updating the embedding potential between the systems at every time step. Two main applications are presented: the explicit excitation energy transfer in real time between subsystems is demonstrated for the case of the Na$_4$ cluster and the effect of the embedding on optical spectra of coupled chromophores. In particular, the importance of including the full dynamic response in the embedding potential is demonstrated.

Krishtal, Alisa; Pavanello, Michele

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Wide-area, real-time monitoring and visualization system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A real-time performance monitoring system for monitoring an electric power grid. The electric power grid has a plurality of grid portions, each grid portion corresponding to one of a plurality of control areas. The real-time performance monitoring system includes a monitor computer for monitoring at least one of reliability metrics, generation metrics, transmission metrics, suppliers metrics, grid infrastructure security metrics, and markets metrics for the electric power grid. The data for metrics being monitored by the monitor computer are stored in a data base, and a visualization of the metrics is displayed on at least one display computer having a monitor. The at least one display computer in one said control area enables an operator to monitor the grid portion corresponding to a different said control area.

Budhraja, Vikram S. (Los Angeles, CA); Dyer, James D. (La Mirada, CA); Martinez Morales, Carlos A. (Upland, CA)

2011-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

471

Wide-area, real-time monitoring and visualization system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A real-time performance monitoring system for monitoring an electric power grid. The electric power grid has a plurality of grid portions, each grid portion corresponding to one of a plurality of control areas. The real-time performance monitoring system includes a monitor computer for monitoring at least one of reliability metrics, generation metrics, transmission metrics, suppliers metrics, grid infrastructure security metrics, and markets metrics for the electric power grid. The data for metrics being monitored by the monitor computer are stored in a data base, and a visualization of the metrics is displayed on at least one display computer having a monitor. The at least one display computer in one said control area enables an operator to monitor the grid portion corresponding to a different said control area.

Budhraja, Vikram S.; Dyer, James D.; Martinez Morales, Carlos A.

2013-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

472

Real-time performance monitoring and management system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A real-time performance monitoring system for monitoring an electric power grid. The electric power grid has a plurality of grid portions, each grid portion corresponding to one of a plurality of control areas. The real-time performance monitoring system includes a monitor computer for monitoring at least one of reliability metrics, generation metrics, transmission metrics, suppliers metrics, grid infrastructure security metrics, and markets metrics for the electric power grid. The data for metrics being monitored by the monitor computer are stored in a data base, and a visualization of the metrics is displayed on at least one display computer having a monitor. The at least one display computer in one said control area enables an operator to monitor the grid portion corresponding to a different said control area.

Budhraja, Vikram S. (Los Angeles, CA); Dyer, James D. (La Mirada, CA); Martinez Morales, Carlos A. (Upland, CA)

2007-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

473

Is the dissipation induced by ‘‘fuzzy’’ substructures real or apparent?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

There continues to be confusion whether the dissipation which can be induced in a master structure by a multitude of small attached substructures is ‘‘real’’ or only apparent. It is shown that the dissipation is real during steady?state vibration and can cause the master structure to have a larger loss factor than that of the substructures inducing the loss. The dissipation involves the continuous transfer of vibratory power from the master structure to the substructures and its continuous conversion into heat. During transient excitation however some of the initial dissipation in the master structure may be only ‘‘apparent ’’ involving the storing of some of the transferred power as vibratory energy in the substructures and its cyclical transfer back and forth between master and substructures until eventually dissipated at a rate which in this case depends on the loss factors of the substructures. Examples of the two cases will be shown.

M. Strasberg

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Real time markerless motion tracking using linked kinematic chains  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A markerless method is described for tracking the motion of subjects in a three dimensional environment using a model based on linked kinematic chains. The invention is suitable for tracking robotic, animal or human subjects in real-time using a single computer with inexpensive video equipment, and does not require the use of markers or specialized clothing. A simple model of rigid linked segments is constructed of the subject and tracked using three dimensional volumetric data collected by a multiple camera video imaging system. A physics based method is then used to compute forces to align the model with subsequent volumetric data sets in real-time. The method is able to handle occlusion of segments and accommodates joint limits, velocity constraints, and collision constraints and provides for error recovery. The method further provides for elimination of singularities in Jacobian based calculations, which has been problematic in alternative methods.

Luck, Jason P. (Arvada, CO); Small, Daniel E. (Albuquerque, NM)

2007-08-14T23:59:59.000Z

475

Embedded Real-Time Systems Electrical Model Quad Rotor UAV  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sys (2013-2014) #12;10 System SW view joystick QR PC link PC lift roll pitch yaw sensorsES joystickIn4073 Embedded Real-Time Systems Electrical Model Quad Rotor UAV #12;2 TE0300 FPGA System HW view), pitch rate (M), and yaw rate (N) (see qrsim for example!) x z y engine 4 engine 3 engine 2 engine 1 In

Langendoen, Koen

476

Essays on Real Exchange Rates and Theoretical Monetary Aggregation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Philosophy Committee members William A. Barnett, Chairperson Shu Wu John Keating Jianbo Zhang Yaozhong Hu Date defended: April 1, 2014 The Dissertation Committee for Mingming Zheng certifies that this is the approved version of the following dissertation...Essays on Real Exchange Rates and Theoretical Monetary Aggregation By Mingming Zheng Submitted to the Department of Economics and the Graduate Faculty of the University of Kansas in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor...

Zheng, Mingming

2014-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

477

Sustainability in Real Estate- "Do Green Buildings make Investors Happy?"  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Proceedings of the Eighth International Conference for Enhanced Building Operations, Berlin, Germany, October 20-22, 2008 __ Volksban n Raiffe'senbamken RB / IPM 20.08.20082 Content Union Investment Real Estate AG, an investor in sustainability #0... _ _ Volksbanl:.en Raiffeisenbanken fI1il Union ~Investment ESL-IC-08-10-24a Proceedings of the Eighth International Conference for Enhanced Building Operations, Berlin, Germany, October 20-22, 2008 __ Volksban n Raiffe'senbamken RB / IPM 20...

Bode, R.

478

Real-Time Optimization Strategies for Building Systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This hinders market penetration and slows down smart grid initiatives such as demand response. ... In addition, it is necessary to determine the impact of different electricity market incentives and programs such as day-ahead bidding, real-time pricing, and demand response on the cost improvements of MPC over existing control architectures. ... A conclusion from this study is that buildings do not benefit from following economic objectives if no revenue is provided (e.g., negative prices or demand response payments). ...

Victor M. Zavala

2012-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

479

the real CSI Scott O'Neill on the NYPD  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the real CSI Scott O'Neill on the NYPD hole In one for dougIe donnelly New chapter begins for the broadcasting star gIantS of mICrobIology Honorary Degrees for outstanding duo Strathclyde S P r i N g 2 0 1 0. i hope you enjoy this spring issue of Strathclyde People. Please do get in touch to share your

Mottram, Nigel

480

Real-time trend monitoring of gas compressor stations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The authors' company has developed a machinery health monitoring system (MHealth) for short-term and long-term historical trending and analysis of data from its 40 gas compressor stations. The author discusses the benefits of real-time trending in troubleshooting operations, in preventative maintenance scheduling and cites specific applications in the startup operations of several new gas compressor/centrifugal compressor units.

Van Hardeveld, T. (Nova, an Alberta Corp., AB (Canada))

1991-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "measured real gdp" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

A versatile real-time spectral analysis system  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS REFERENCES APPENDIX A. MINDOWING APPENDIX B. CCD TRANSVERSAL FILTERS VITA Page 65 71 73 81 92 93 105 105 106 106 108 112 114 134 170 LIST OF FIGURES Figure 1. Filterbank Technique for Spectral Analysis 2... 1. Filter Bank Technique 2. Sliding Filter Technique 3. Dispersive Filter Technique 4. Discrete Fourier Transform Techniques B. Applications Requiring Spectral Analysis . . 1. Real-Time Radar Scatterometer Data Processing 2. Chirp FN Radar Data...

Hancock, Mark Steven

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

482

ConsumTechNotes2011.vp  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Real Real Gross Domestic Product by State The real gross domestic product (GDP) data used in the U.S. Energy Infor- mation Administration State Energy Data System to calculate total energy consumed per chained (2005) dollar of output are shown in Tables D1 through D4. The data are the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA), real GDP estimates by state, beginning in 1977. The estimates are released in June of each year. For 1997 forward, BEA reports real GDP by state based on the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). From 1977 through 1997, BEA reports real GDP by state based on the Standard Industrial Classification (SIC). A set of quality indexes for real GDP by state (1997=100) is available for 1977 through 1997. Given the differences in NAICS and SIC, BEA has cautioned against appending the two data series in an attempt to construct a single time series.

483

Looking at Transistor Gate Oxide Formation in Real Time  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Looking at Transistor Gate Oxide Formation in Real Time Print Looking at Transistor Gate Oxide Formation in Real Time Print The oxide gate layer is critical to every transistor, and present-day layer thicknesses are in the 10-20 Å range (1-2 nm). However, little information exists on the oxidation process at this thickness. Available results are either for thicker layers grown under high-pressure conditions or for only the first couple of monolayers studied under high-vacuum conditions. Now, for the first time, a group of researchers has obtained real-time oxidation results for this elusive range. Using the ambient-pressure x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (APXPS) endstation at ALS Beamline 9.3.2, they examined oxidation of Si(100) at pressures up to 1 torr and temperatures up to 450 ºC. The Si 2p chemical shifts allowed determination of oxide thickness as a function of time with a precision of 1-2 Å. The initial oxidation rate was very high (up to ~234 Å/h). Then, after an initial oxide thickness of 6-22 Å was formed, the rate decreased markedly (~1.5-4.0Å/h). Neither rate regime can be explained by the standard Deal-Grove (D-G) model for Si oxidation. These results are a significant step toward developing a better understanding of this critical thickness regime.

484

Looking at Transistor Gate Oxide Formation in Real Time  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Looking at Transistor Gate Oxide Formation in Real Time Print Looking at Transistor Gate Oxide Formation in Real Time Print The oxide gate layer is critical to every transistor, and present-day layer thicknesses are in the 10-20 Å range (1-2 nm). However, little information exists on the oxidation process at this thickness. Available results are either for thicker layers grown under high-pressure conditions or for only the first couple of monolayers studied under high-vacuum conditions. Now, for the first time, a group of researchers has obtained real-time oxidation results for this elusive range. Using the ambient-pressure x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (APXPS) endstation at ALS Beamline 9.3.2, they examined oxidation of Si(100) at pressures up to 1 torr and temperatures up to 450 ºC. The Si 2p chemical shifts allowed determination of oxide thickness as a function of time with a precision of 1-2 Å. The initial oxidation rate was very high (up to ~234 Å/h). Then, after an initial oxide thickness of 6-22 Å was formed, the rate decreased markedly (~1.5-4.0Å/h). Neither rate regime can be explained by the standard Deal-Grove (D-G) model for Si oxidation. These results are a significant step toward developing a better understanding of this critical thickness regime.

485

Volatility of Power Grids under Real-Time Pricing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The paper proposes a framework for modeling and analysis of the dynamics of supply, demand, and clearing prices in power system with real-time retail pricing and information asymmetry. Real-time retail pricing is characterized by passing on the real-time wholesale electricity prices to the end consumers, and is shown to create a closed-loop feedback system between the physical layer and the market layer of the power system. In the absence of a carefully designed control law, such direct feedback between the two layers could increase volatility and lower the system's robustness to uncertainty in demand and generation. A new notion of generalized price-elasticity is introduced, and it is shown that price volatility can be characterized in terms of the system's maximal relative price elasticity, defined as the maximal ratio of the generalized price-elasticity of consumers to that of the producers. As this ratio increases, the system becomes more volatile, and eventually, unstable. As new demand response technolo...

Roozbehani, Mardavij; Mitter, Sanjoy K

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

Real time 3D and heterogeneous data fusion  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This project visualizes characterization data in a 3D setting, in real time. Real time in this sense means collecting the data and presenting it before it delays the user, and processing faster than the acquisition systems so no bottlenecks occur. The goals have been to build a volumetric viewer to display 3D data, demonstrate projecting other data, such as images, onto the 3D data, and display both the 3D and projected images as fast as the data became available. The authors have examined several ways to display 3D surface data. The most effective was generating polygonal surface meshes. They have created surface maps form a continuous stream of 3D range data, fused image data onto the geometry, and displayed the data with a standard 3D rendering package. In parallel with this, they have developed a method to project real-time images onto the surface created. A key component is mapping the data on the correct surfaces, which requires a-priori positional information along with accurate calibration of the camera and lens system.

Little, C.Q.; Small, D.E.

1998-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

Looking at Transistor Gate Oxide Formation in Real Time  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Looking at Transistor Gate Oxide Formation in Real Time Print Looking at Transistor Gate Oxide Formation in Real Time Print The oxide gate layer is critical to every transistor, and present-day layer thicknesses are in the 10-20 Å range (1-2 nm). However, little information exists on the oxidation process at this thickness. Available results are either for thicker layers grown under high-pressure conditions or for only the first couple of monolayers studied under high-vacuum conditions. Now, for the first time, a group of researchers has obtained real-time oxidation results for this elusive range. Using the ambient-pressure x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (APXPS) endstation at ALS Beamline 9.3.2, they examined oxidation of Si(100) at pressures up to 1 torr and temperatures up to 450 ºC. The Si 2p chemical shifts allowed determination of oxide thickness as a function of time with a precision of 1-2 Å. The initial oxidation rate was very high (up to ~234 Å/h). Then, after an initial oxide thickness of 6-22 Å was formed, the rate decreased markedly (~1.5-4.0Å/h). Neither rate regime can be explained by the standard Deal-Grove (D-G) model for Si oxidation. These results are a significant step toward developing a better understanding of this critical thickness regime.

488

Three-dimensional liver motion tracking using real-time two-dimensional MRI  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: Combined magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) systems and linear accelerators for radiotherapy (MR-Linacs) are currently under development. MRI is noninvasive and nonionizing and can produce images with high soft tissue contrast. However, new tracking methods are required to obtain fast real-time spatial target localization. This study develops and evaluates a method for tracking three-dimensional (3D) respiratory liver motion in two-dimensional (2D) real-time MRI image series with high temporal and spatial resolution. Methods: The proposed method for 3D tracking in 2D real-time MRI series has three steps: (1) Recording of a 3D MRI scan and selection of a blood vessel (or tumor) structure to be tracked in subsequent 2D MRI series. (2) Generation of a library of 2D image templates oriented parallel to the 2D MRI image series by reslicing and resampling the 3D MRI scan. (3) 3D tracking of the selected structure in each real-time 2D image by finding the template and template position that yield the highest normalized cross correlation coefficient with the image. Since the tracked structure has a known 3D position relative to each template, the selection and 2D localization of a specific template translates into quantification of both the through-plane and in-plane position of the structure. As a proof of principle, 3D tracking of liver blood vessel structures was performed in five healthy volunteers in two 5.4 Hz axial, sagittal, and coronal real-time 2D MRI series of 30 s duration. In each 2D MRI series, the 3D localization was carried out twice, using nonoverlapping template libraries, which resulted in a total of 12 estimated 3D trajectories per volunteer. Validation tests carried out to support the tracking algorithm included quantification of the breathing induced 3D liver motion and liver motion directionality for the volunteers, and comparison of 2D MRI estimated positions of a structure in a watermelon with the actual positions. Results: Axial, sagittal, and coronal 2D MRI series yielded 3D respiratory motion curves for all volunteers. The motion directionality and amplitude were very similar when measured directly as in-plane motion or estimated indirectly as through-plane motion. The mean peak-to-peak breathing amplitude was 1.6 mm (left-right), 11.0 mm (craniocaudal), and 2.5 mm (anterior-posterior). The position of the watermelon structure was estimated in 2D MRI images with a root-mean-square error of 0.52 mm (in-plane) and 0.87 mm (through-plane). Conclusions: A method for 3D tracking in 2D MRI series was developed and demonstrated for liver tracking in volunteers. The method would allow real-time 3D localization with integrated MR-Linac systems.

Brix, Lau, E-mail: lau.brix@stab.rm.dk [Department of Procurement and Clinical Engineering, Region Midt, Olof Palmes Allé 15, 8200 Aarhus N, Denmark and MR Research Centre, Aarhus University Hospital, Skejby, Brendstrupgaardsvej 100, 8200 Aarhus N (Denmark)] [Department of Procurement and Clinical Engineering, Region Midt, Olof Palmes Allé 15, 8200 Aarhus N, Denmark and MR Research Centre, Aarhus University Hospital, Skejby, Brendstrupgaardsvej 100, 8200 Aarhus N (Denmark); Ringgaard, Steffen [MR Research Centre, Aarhus University Hospital, Skejby, Brendstrupgaardsvej 100, 8200 Aarhus N (Denmark)] [MR Research Centre, Aarhus University Hospital, Skejby, Brendstrupgaardsvej 100, 8200 Aarhus N (Denmark); Sørensen, Thomas Sangild [Department of Computer Science, Aarhus University, Aabogade 34, 8200 Aarhus N, Denmark and Department of Clinical Medicine, Aarhus University, Brendstrupgaardsvej 100, 8200 Aarhus N (Denmark)] [Department of Computer Science, Aarhus University, Aabogade 34, 8200 Aarhus N, Denmark and Department of Clinical Medicine, Aarhus University, Brendstrupgaardsvej 100, 8200 Aarhus N (Denmark); Poulsen, Per Rugaard [Department of Clinical Medicine, Aarhus University, Brendstrupgaardsvej 100, 8200 Aarhus N, Denmark and Department of Oncology, Aarhus University Hospital, Nørrebrogade 44, 8000 Aarhus C (Denmark)] [Department of Clinical Medicine, Aarhus University, Brendstrupgaardsvej 100, 8200 Aarhus N, Denmark and Department of Oncology, Aarhus University Hospital, Nørrebrogade 44, 8000 Aarhus C (Denmark)

2014-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

489

A real-time in vivo dosimetric verification method for high-dose rate intracavitary brachytherapy of nasopharyngeal carcinoma  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: A real-time in vivo dosimetric verification method using metal-oxide-semiconductor field effect transistor (MOSFET) dosimeters has been developed for patient dosimetry in high-dose rate (HDR) intracavitary brachytherapy of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). Methods: The necessary calibration and correction factors for MOSFET measurements in {sup 192}Iridium source were determined in a water phantom. With the detector placed inside a custom-made nasopharyngeal applicator, the actual dose delivered to the tumor was measured in vivo and compared to the calculated values using a commercial brachytherapy planning system. Results: Five MOSFETs were independently calibrated with the HDR source, yielding calibration factors of 0.48 {+-} 0.007 cGy/mV. The maximum sensitivity variation was no more than 7% in the clinically relevant distance range of 1-5 cm from the source. A total of 70 in vivo measurements in 11 NPC patients demonstrated good agreement with the treatment planning. The mean differences between the planned and the actually delivered dose within a single treatment fraction were -0.1%{+-} 3.8% and -0.1%{+-} 3.7%, respectively, for right and left side assessments. The maximum dose deviation was less than 8.5%. Conclusions: In vivo measurement using the real-time MOSFET dosimetry system is possible to evaluate the actual dose to the tumor received by the patient during a treatment fraction and thus can offer another line of security to detect and prevent large errors.

Qi Zhenyu; Deng Xiaowu; Cao Xinping; Huang Shaomin; Lerch, Michael; Rosenfeld, Anatoly [State Key Laboratory of Oncology in South China, Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center, Guangzhou 510060 (China) and Centre for Medical Radiation Physics, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, NSW 2522 (Australia); State Key Laboratory of Oncology in South China, Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center, Guangzhou 510060 (China); Centre for Medical Radiation Physics, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, NSW 2522 (Australia)

2012-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

490

POLONICI MATHEMATICI 83.1 (2004)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

prove that the sequence ("-t ;[=ot ?k), converges strongly to a rank-one projection if and only-finite measure space' and 'Ll : Lt(Q,E,p) the space of all real-valued Lebesgue-integrable functions on (9, E,tten i.n the form (2) ]y;A.(Ds : ii l-(d- * ra)g drlu6 ft:1 A nzoreoaer) limrrr"o \\aoT"gdp,: g. Proof (i

Emel´yanov, Eduard

491

Sustainability Perspective and Chemistry-Based Technologies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

As shown in Figure 1, the economic productivity of nations, expressed as the real gross domestic product (GDP) per capita, on the basis of purchase power parity, plotted against the ecological footprint (EF), shows a sharp increase at low EF but levels off at EF ? 5 hectares/capita. ... The sustainability challenges of the day are being addressed by governments everywhere with regulatory measures that are creating market demands for technologies. ... to efforts to reduce end-use energy demand. ...

Subhas K. Sikdar

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

Real-time online monitoring of radwaste storage: A proof-of-principle test prototype  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A prototype array of modular sensors for online monitoring of radioactive waste was developed at INFN-LNS. We implemented a new kind of gamma mini-sensor, based on Silicon Photomultipliers and scintillating fibers, that behaves like a cheap scintillating Geiger-Muller counter. It can be placed in shape of a fine grid around each single waste drum in a repository. After simulating the counting response of thin scintillating fibers to gamma radiation, we verified our simulation results with measurements using radioactive sources. Front-end electronics and an FPGA-based counting system were developed to handle the field data, also implementing data transmission, a graphical user interface and a data storage system. A test of four sensors in a real radwaste storage site was performed with promising results. (authors)

Cosentino, L.; Cali, C.; De Luca, G.; Guardo, G.; Litrico, P.; Pappalardo, A.; Piscopo, M.; Scire, C.; Scire, S. [INFN Laboratori Nazionali del Sud, via S. Sofia 62, 95125 Catania (Italy); Botta, E. [Ansaldo Nucleare S.p.a., Corso Perrone 25, 16161, Genova (Italy); Finocchiaro, P. [INFN Laboratori Nazionali del Sud, via S. Sofia 62, 95125 Catania (Italy)

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

Science and Technology of BOREXINO: A Real Time Detector for Low Energy Solar Neutrinos SOLAR NEUTRINOS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BOREXINO, a real-time device for low energy neutrino spectroscopy is nearing completion of construction in the underground laboratories at Gran Sasso, Italy (LNGS). The experiment's goal is the direct measurement of the flux of 7Be solar neutrinos of all flavors via neutrino-electron scattering in an ultra-pure scintillation liquid. Seeded by a series of innovations which were brought to fruition by large scale operation of a 4-ton test detector at LNGS, a new technology has been developed for BOREXINO. It enables sub-MeV solar neutrino spectroscopy for the first time. This paper describes the design of BOREXINO, the various facilities essential to its operation, its spectroscopic and background suppression capabilities and a prognosis of the impact of its results towards resolving the solar neutrino problem. BOREXINO will also address several other frontier questions in particle physics, astrophysics and geophysics.

Borexino Collaboration; G. Alimonti

2000-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

494

Resolving dynamics of cell signaling via real-time imaging of the immunological synapse.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This highly interdisciplinary team has developed dual-color, total internal reflection microscopy (TIRF-M) methods that enable us to optically detect and track in real time protein migration and clustering at membrane interfaces. By coupling TIRF-M with advanced analysis techniques (image correlation spectroscopy, single particle tracking) we have captured subtle changes in membrane organization that characterize immune responses. We have used this approach to elucidate the initial stages of cell activation in the IgE signaling network of mast cells and the Toll-like receptor (TLR-4) response in macrophages stimulated by bacteria. To help interpret these measurements, we have undertaken a computational modeling effort to connect the protein motion and lipid interactions. This work provides a deeper understanding of the initial stages of cellular response to external agents, including dynamics of interaction of key components in the signaling network at the 'immunological synapse,' the contact region of the cell and its adversary.

Stevens, Mark A.; Pfeiffer, Janet R. (University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM); Wilson, Bridget S. (University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM); Timlin, Jerilyn Ann; Thomas, James L. (University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM); Lidke, Keith A. (University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM); Spendier, Kathrin (University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM); Oliver, Janet M. (University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM); Carroll-Portillo, Amanda (University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM); Aaron, Jesse S.; Mirijanian, Dina T.; Carson, Bryan D.; Burns, Alan Richard; Rebeil, Roberto

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

Correlating Fourier phase information with real-space higher order statistics in CMB data  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present a heuristic study on the correlations between harmonic space phase information and higher-order statistics. Using the spherical full-sky maps of the cosmic microwave background as an example, we demonstrate that known phase correlations at large spatial scales can gradually be diminished when subtracting a suitable best-fit (Bianchi-)template map of a given strength. The weaker phase correlations are attended by a vanishing signature of anisotropy when measuring the Minkowski functionals and scaling indices in real space with the aid of surrogate maps being free of phase correlations. Those investigations can open a new road to a better understanding of signatures of non-Gaussianities in complex spatial structures, especially by elucidating the meaning of Fourier phase correlations and their influence on higher-order statistics.

H.?I. Modest, C. Räth, A.?J. Banday, K.?M. Górski, and G.?E. Morfill

2014-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

496

MATH 502: REAL AND COMPLEX ANALYSIS SPRING 2004  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MEASURE Due on Wednesday 2-25-04 13. Let µ be a non-atomic (complete) Lebesgue­Stieltjes measure on [0, 1]. prove that there exists a continuous map h : [0, 1] [0, 1] which is a bijection outside of a set of µ-measure zero and such that for any µ-measurable set A [0, 1] the set h(A) is Lebesgue measurable and its

Katok, Svetlana

497

V-114: RealPlayer MP4 Processing Buffer Overflow Vulnerability | Department  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

14: RealPlayer MP4 Processing Buffer Overflow Vulnerability 14: RealPlayer MP4 Processing Buffer Overflow Vulnerability V-114: RealPlayer MP4 Processing Buffer Overflow Vulnerability March 19, 2013 - 12:01am Addthis PROBLEM: RealPlayer MP4 Processing Buffer Overflow Vulnerability PLATFORM: Versions prior to 16.0.1.18. ABSTRACT: A vulnerability has been reported in RealPlayer REFERENCE LINKS: RealNetworks, Inc Secunia Advisory SA52692 CVE-2013-1750 IMPACT ASSESSMENT: High DISCUSSION: The vulnerability is caused due to an error when processing MP4 files and can be exploited to cause a heap-based buffer overflow via a specially crafted MP4 file. IMPACT: Successful exploitation may allow execution of arbitrary code. SOLUTION: Update to version 16.0.1.18. Addthis Related Articles U-042: Mac RealPlayer Multiple Vulnerabilities V-228: RealPlayer Buffer Overflow and Memory Corruption Error Let Remote

498

T-545: RealPlayer Heap Corruption Error in 'vidplin.dll' Lets...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

T-545: RealPlayer Heap Corruption Error in 'vidplin.dll' Lets Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code T-545: RealPlayer Heap Corruption Error in 'vidplin.dll' Lets Remote Users Execute...

499

Global scheduling on temperature-constrained multiprocessor real-time systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this thesis, we study temperature-constrained multiprocessor real-time systems, where real-time guarantees must be met without exceeding safe temperature levels within the processors. We focus on Pfair scheduling algorithms, especially ERfair...

Koo, Ja-Ryeong

2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

500

15.021J / 11.433J Real Estate Economics, Spring 2004  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This course, offered by the MIT Center for Real Estate, focuses on developing an understanding of the macroeconomic factors that shape and influence markets for real property. We will develop the theory of land markets and ...

Wheaton, William C., 1944-