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1

Developing and Researching PhET simulations for Teaching Quantum Mechanics S. B. McKagan,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(PhET) Project, known for its interactive computer simulations for teaching and learning physics, now includes 18 simulations on quantum mechanics designed to improve learning of this difficult subject. OurDeveloping and Researching PhET simulations for Teaching Quantum Mechanics S. B. McKagan,1 K. K

Colorado at Boulder, University of

2

Quantum Mechanics and Gravitation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In summer 1999 an experiment at ILL, Grenoble was conducted. So-called ultra-cold neutrons (UCN) were trapped in the vertical direction between the Fermi-potential of a smooth mirror below and the gravitational potential of the earth above [Ne00, Ru00]. If quantum mechanics turns out to be a sufficiently correct description of the phenomena in the regime of classical, weak gravitation, one should observe the forming of quantized bound states in the vertical direction above a mirror. Already in a simplified view, the data of the experiment provides strong evidence for the existence of such gravitationally bound quantized states. A successful quantum-mechanical description would then provide a convincing argument, that the socalled first quantization can be used for gravitation as an interaction potential, as this is widely expected. Furthermore, looking at the characteristic length scales of about 10 mikron of such bound states formed by UCN, one sees, that a complete quantum mechanical description of this experiment additionally would enable one to check for possible modifications of Newtonian gravitation on distance scales being one order of magnitude below currently available tests [Ad00]. The work presented here deals mainly with the development of a quantum mechanical description of the experiment.

A. Westphal

2003-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

3

Fields and Quantum Mechanics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The quantum field theories (QFT) constructed in [1,2] include phenomenology of interest. The constructions approximate: scattering by $1/r$ and Yukawa potentials in non-relativistic approximations; and the first contributing order of the Feynman series for Compton scattering. To have a semi-norm, photon states are constrained to transverse polarizations and for Compton scattering, the constructed cross section deviates at large momentum exchanges from the cross section prediction of the Feynman rules. Discussion includes the incompatibility of canonical quantization with the constructed interacting fields, and the role of interpretations of quantum mechanics in realizing QFT.

Glenn Eric Johnson

2014-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

4

Nonlinear friction in quantum mechanics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The effect of nonlinear friction forces in quantum mechanics is studied via dissipative Madelung hydrodynamics. A new thermo-quantum diffusion equation is derived, which is solved for the particular case of quantum Brownian motion with a cubic friction. It is extended also by a chemical reaction term to describe quantum reaction-diffusion systems with nonlinear friction as well.

Roumen Tsekov

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

From Quantum Mechanics to Thermodynamics?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

From Quantum Mechanics to Thermodynamics? Dresden, 22.11.2004 Jochen Gemmer Universit¨at Osnabr to thermodynamical behavior · Quantum approach to thermodynamical behavior · The route to equilibrium · Summary of thermodynamical behavior entirely on the basis of Hamilton models and Schr¨odinger-type quantum dynamics. · define

Steinhoff, Heinz-Jürgen

6

Quantum Mechanical Description of Fluid Dynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper, we deal with fluid motion in terms of quantum mechanics. Mechanism accounting for the appearance of quantum behavior is discussed.

H. Y. Cui

2001-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

7

Quantum Mechanical Clock and Classical Relativistic Clock  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A cyclic nature of quantum mechanical clock is discussed as ``quantization of time." Quantum mechanical clock is seen to be equivalent to the relativistic classical clock.

Hitoshi Kitada

2004-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

8

Phase space quantum mechanics - Direct  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Conventional approach to quantum mechanics in phase space (q,p), is to take the operator based quantum mechanics of Schroedinger, or an equivalent, and assign a c-number function in phase space to it. We propose to begin with a higher level of abstraction, in which the independence and the symmetric role of q and p is maintained throughout, and at once arrive at phase space state functions. Upon reduction to the q- or p-space the proposed formalism gives the conventional quantum mechanics, however, with a definite rule for ordering of factors of noncommuting observables. Further conceptual and practical merits of the formalism are demonstrated throughout the text.

Nasiri, S.; Sobouti, Y.; Taati, F. [Institute for Advanced Studies in Basic Sciences, Zanjan, 45195-1159 (Iran, Islamic Republic of) and Department of Physics, Zanjan University, Zanjan (Iran); Institute for Advanced Studies in Basic Sciences, Zanjan, 45195-1159 (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Institute for Advanced Studies in Basic Sciences, Zanjan, 45195-1159 (Iran, Islamic Republic of) and Department of Physics, University of Kurdistan, D-78457 Sanadaj (Iran)

2006-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

9

Free will and quantum mechanics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A simple example is provided showing that violation of free will allows to reproduce the quantum mechanical predictions, and that the Clauser-Horne parameter can take the maximum value 4 for a proper choice.

Antonio Di Lorenzo

2011-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

10

Combined Quantum Mechanical and Molecular Mechanics Studies of...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Mechanical and Molecular Mechanics Studies of the Electron-Transfer Reactions Involving Carbon Tetrachloride in Combined Quantum Mechanical and Molecular Mechanics Studies of the...

11

Probable Inference and Quantum Mechanics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In its current very successful interpretation the quantum theory is fundamentally statistical in nature. Although commonly viewed as a probability amplitude whose (complex) square is a probability, the wavefunction or state vector continues to defy consensus as to its exact meaning, primarily because it is not a physical observable. Rather than approach this problem directly, it is suggested that it is first necessary to clarify the precise role of probability theory in quantum mechanics, either as applied to, or as an intrinsic part of the quantum theory. When all is said and done the unsurprising conclusion is that quantum mechanics does not constitute a logic and probability unto itself, but adheres to the long-established rules of classical probability theory while providing a means within itself for calculating the relevant probabilities. In addition, the wavefunction is seen to be a description of the quantum state assigned by an observer based on definite information, such that the same state must be assigned by any other observer based on the same information, in much the same way that probabilities are assigned.

Grandy, W. T. Jr. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Wyoming, Laramie, WY 82070 (United States)

2009-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

12

Quantum mechanical time contradicts the uncertainty principle  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The a priori time in conventional quantum mechanics is shown to contradict the uncertainty principle. A possible solution is given.

Hitoshi Kitada

1999-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

13

Visualizing quantum mechanics in phase space  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We examine the visualization of quantum mechanics in phase space by means of the Wigner function and the Wigner function flow as a complementary approach to illustrating quantum mechanics in configuration space by wave functions. The Wigner function formalism resembles the mathematical language of classical mechanics of non-interacting particles. Thus, it allows a more direct comparison between classical and quantum dynamical features.

Heiko Bauke; Noya Ruth Itzhak

2011-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

14

Quantum Mechanics and Representation Theory Columbia University  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Quantum Mechanics and Representation Theory Peter Woit Columbia University Texas Tech, November 21 2013 Peter Woit (Columbia University) Quantum Mechanics and Representation Theory November 2013 1 / 30, 1967 Peter Woit (Columbia University) Quantum Mechanics and Representation Theory November 2013 2 / 30

Woit, Peter

15

Statistical Mechanics and Quantum Cosmology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Statistical mechanical concepts and processes such as decoherence, correlation, and dissipation can prove to be of basic importance to understanding some fundamental issues of quantum cosmology and theoretical physics such as the choice of initial states, quantum to classical transition and the emergence of time. Here we summarize our effort in 1) constructing a unified theoretical framework using techniques in interacting quantum field theory such as influence functional and coarse-grained effective action to discuss the interplay of noise, fluctuation, dissipation and decoherence; and 2) illustrating how these concepts when applied to quantum cosmology can alter the conventional views on some basic issues. Two questions we address are 1) the validity of minisuperspace truncation, which is usually assumed without proof in most discussions, and 2) the relevance of specific initial conditions, which is the prevailing view of the past decade. We also mention how some current ideas in chaotic dynamics, dissipative collective dynamics and complexity can alter our view of the quantum nature of the universe.

B. L. Hu

1995-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

16

Quantum ballistic evolution in quantum mechanics: Application to quantum computers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Quantum computers are important examples of processes whose evolution can be described in terms of iterations of single-step operators or their adjoints. Based on this, Hamiltonian evolution of processes with associated step operators {ital T} is investigated here. The main limitation of this paper is to processes which evolve quantum ballistically, i.e., motion restricted to a collection of nonintersecting or distinct paths on an arbitrary basis. The main goal of this paper is proof of a theorem which gives necessary and sufficient conditions that {ital T} must satisfy so that there exists a Hamiltonian description of quantum ballistic evolution for the process, namely, that {ital T} is a partial isometry and is orthogonality preserving and stable on some basis. Simple examples of quantum ballistic evolution for quantum Turing machines with one and with more than one type of elementary step are discussed. It is seen that for nondeterministic machines the basis set can be quite complex with much entanglement present. It is also proven that, given a step operator {ital T} for an arbitrary {ital deterministic} quantum Turing machine, it is decidable if {ital T} is stable and orthogonality preserving, and if quantum ballistic evolution is possible. The proof fails if {ital T} is a step operator for a {ital nondeterministic} machine. It is an open question if such a decision procedure exists for nondeterministic machines. This problem does not occur in classical mechanics. Also the definition of quantum Turing machines used here is compared with that used by other authors. {copyright} {ital 1996 The American Physical Society.}

Benioff, P. [Physics Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States)] [Physics Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States)

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Quantum mechanical effects from deformation theory  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We consider deformations of quantum mechanical operators by using the novel construction tool of warped convolutions. The deformation enables us to obtain several quantum mechanical effects where electromagnetic and gravitomagnetic fields play a role. Furthermore, a quantum plane can be defined by using the deformation techniques. This in turn gives an experimentally verifiable effect.

Much, A. [Max-Planck-Institute for Mathematics in the Sciences, 04103 Leipzig, Germany and Institute for Theoretical Physics, University of Leipzig, 04009 Leipzig (Germany)] [Max-Planck-Institute for Mathematics in the Sciences, 04103 Leipzig, Germany and Institute for Theoretical Physics, University of Leipzig, 04009 Leipzig (Germany)

2014-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

18

A Process Model of Quantum Mechanics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A process model of quantum mechanics utilizes a combinatorial game to generate a discrete and finite causal space upon which can be defined a self-consistent quantum mechanics. An emergent space-time M and continuous wave function arise through a non-uniform interpolation process. Standard non-relativistic quantum mechanics emerges under the limit of infinite information (the causal space grows to infinity) and infinitesimal scale (the separation between points goes to zero). The model has the potential to address several paradoxes in quantum mechanics while remaining computationally powerful.

William Sulis

2014-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

19

The equivalence principle in classical mechanics and quantum mechanics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We discuss our understanding of the equivalence principle in both classical mechanics and quantum mechanics. We show that not only does the equivalence principle hold for the trajectories of quantum particles in a background gravitational field, but also that it is only because of this that the equivalence principle is even to be expected to hold for classical particles at all.

Philip D. Mannheim

2000-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

20

NONEQUILIBRIUM QUANTUM STATISTICAL MECHANICS AND THERMODYNAMICS #  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NONEQUILIBRIUM QUANTUM STATISTICAL MECHANICS AND THERMODYNAMICS # Walid K. Abou Salem + Institut f recent progress in deriving the fundamental laws of thermodynamics (0 th , 1 st and 2 nd ­law) from nonequilibrium quantum statistical mechanics. Basic thermodynamic notions are clarified and di#erent reversible

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mc quantum mechanics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

STOPPING TIMES IN QUANTUM MECHANICS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(Stinespring, Kraus). 3". Time-dependant case General time evolution of an open quantum sys- tem = (Pt)t0

Attal, Stéphane

22

From Quantum Mechanics to Quantum Field Theory: The Hopf route  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

From Quantum Mechanics to Quantum Field Theory: The Hopf route A. I. Solomon1 2, G. E. H. Duchamp3. Eliasza-Radzikowskiego 152, PL 31-342 Krak´ow, Poland E-mail: a.i.solomon@open.ac.uk, gduchamp2@free solvable model (at least in the free boson case). On the basis of a combinatorial methodology, we show

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

23

From Quantum Mechanics to Quantum Field Theory: The Hopf route  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

From Quantum Mechanics to Quantum Field Theory: The Hopf route A. I. Solomon 1 2 , G. E. H. Duchamp. Eliasza­Radzikowskiego 152, PL 31­342 Krakâ??ow, Poland E­mail: a.i.solomon@open.ac.uk, gduchamp2@free solvable model (at least in the free boson case). On the basis of a combinatorial methodology, we show

Recanati, Catherine

24

A Quantum Mechanical Travelling Salesman  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A quantum simulation of a travelling salesman is described. A vector space for a graph is defined together with a sequence of operators which transform a special initial state into a superposition states representing Hamiltonian tours. The quantum amplitude for any tour is a function of the classical cost of travelling along the edges in that tour. Tours with the largest quantum amplitude may be different than those with the smallest classically-computed cost.

Ravindra N. Rao

2011-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

25

Quantum mechanical stabilization of Minkowski signature wormholes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

When one attempts to construct classical wormholes in Minkowski signature Lorentzian spacetimes violations of both the weak energy hypothesis and averaged weak energy hypothesis are encountered. Since the weak energy hypothesis is experimentally known to be violated quantum mechanically, this suggests that a quantum mechanical analysis of Minkowski signature wormholes is in order. In this note I perform a minisuperspace analysis of a simple class of Minkowski signature wormholes. By solving the Wheeler-de Witt equation for pure Einstein gravity on this minisuperspace the quantum mechanical wave function of the wormhole is obtained in closed form. The wormhole is shown to be quantum mechanically stabilized with an average radius of order the Planck length. 8 refs.

Visser, M.

1989-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

26

Testing foundations of quantum mechanics with photons  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The foundational ideas of quantum mechanics continue to give rise to counterintuitive theories and physical effects that are in conflict with a classical description of Nature. Experiments with light at the single photon level have historically been at the forefront of tests of fundamental quantum theory and new developments in photonics engineering continue to enable new experiments. Here we review recent photonic experiments to test two foundational themes in quantum mechanics: wave-particle duality, central to recent complementarity and delayed-choice experiments; and Bell nonlocality where recent theoretical and technological advances have allowed all controversial loopholes to be separately addressed in different photonics experiments.

Peter Shadbolt; Jonathan C. F. Matthews; Anthony Laing; Jeremy L. O'Brien

2015-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

27

Multichannel framework for singular quantum mechanics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A multichannel S-matrix framework for singular quantum mechanics (SQM) subsumes the renormalization and self-adjoint extension methods and resolves its boundary-condition ambiguities. In addition to the standard channel accessible to a distant (“asymptotic”) observer, one supplementary channel opens up at each coordinate singularity, where local outgoing and ingoing singularity waves coexist. The channels are linked by a fully unitary S-matrix, which governs all possible scenarios, including cases with an apparent nonunitary behavior as viewed from asymptotic distances. -- Highlights: •A multichannel framework is proposed for singular quantum mechanics and analogues. •The framework unifies several established approaches for singular potentials. •Singular points are treated as new scattering channels. •Nonunitary asymptotic behavior is subsumed in a unitary multichannel S-matrix. •Conformal quantum mechanics and the inverse quartic potential are highlighted.

Camblong, Horacio E., E-mail: camblong@usfca.edu [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94117-1080 (United States); Epele, Luis N., E-mail: epele@fisica.unlp.edu.ar [Laboratorio de Física Teórica, Departamento de Física, IFLP, CONICET, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas, Universidad Nacional de La Plata, C.C. 67–1900 La Plata (Argentina); Fanchiotti, Huner, E-mail: huner@fisica.unlp.edu.ar [Laboratorio de Física Teórica, Departamento de Física, IFLP, CONICET, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas, Universidad Nacional de La Plata, C.C. 67–1900 La Plata (Argentina)] [Laboratorio de Física Teórica, Departamento de Física, IFLP, CONICET, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas, Universidad Nacional de La Plata, C.C. 67–1900 La Plata (Argentina); García Canal, Carlos A., E-mail: garcia@fisica.unlp.edu.ar [Laboratorio de Física Teórica, Departamento de Física, IFLP, CONICET, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas, Universidad Nacional de La Plata, C.C. 67–1900 La Plata (Argentina); Ordóñez, Carlos R., E-mail: ordonez@uh.edu [Department of Physics, University of Houston, Houston, TX 77204-5506 (United States)

2014-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

28

Quantum mechanics and the time travel paradox  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The closed causal chains arising from backward time travel do not lead to paradoxes if they are self consistent. This raises the question as to how physics ensures that only self-consistent loops are possible. We show that, for one particular case at least, the condition of self consistency is ensured by the interference of quantum mechanical amplitudes associated with the loop. If this can be applied to all loops then we have a mechanism by which inconsistent loops eliminate themselves.

David T. Pegg

2005-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

29

Quantum Mechanical Effects in Gravitational Collapse  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this thesis we investigate quantum mechanical effects to various aspects of gravitational collapse. These quantum mechanical effects are implemented in the context of the Functional Schr\\"odinger formalism. The Functional Schr\\"odinger formalism allows us to investigate the time-dependent evolutions of the quantum mechanical effects, which is beyond the scope of the usual methods used to investigate the quantum mechanical corrections of gravitational collapse. Utilizing the time-dependent nature of the Functional Schr\\"odinger formalism, we study the quantization of a spherically symmetric domain wall from the view point of an asymptotic and infalling observer, in the absence of radiation. To build a more realistic picture, we then study the time-dependent nature of the induced radiation during the collapse using a semi-classical approach. Using the domain wall and the induced radiation, we then study the time-dependent evolution of the entropy of the domain wall. Finally we make some remarks about the possible inclusion of backreaction into the system.

Eric Greenwood

2010-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

30

Deformation Quantization: From Quantum Mechanics to Quantum Field Theory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The aim of this paper is to give a basic overview of Deformation Quantization (DQ) to physicists. A summary is given here of some of the key developments over the past thirty years in the context of physics, from quantum mechanics to quantum field theory. Also, we discuss some of the conceptual advantages of DQ and how DQ may be related to algebraic quantum field theory. Additionally, our previous results are summarized which includes the construction of the Fedosov star-product on dS/AdS. One of the goals of these results was to verify that DQ gave the same results as previous analyses of these spaces. Another was to verify that the formal series used in the conventional treatment converged by obtaining exact and nonperturbative results for these spaces.

P. Tillman

2006-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

31

A Signal Processing Model of Quantum Mechanics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper develops a deterministic model of quantum mechanics as an accumulation-and-threshold process. The model arises from an analogy with signal processing in wireless communications. Complex wavefunctions are interpreted as expressing the amplitude and phase information of a modulated carrier wave. Particle transmission events are modeled as the outcome of a process of signal accumulation that occurs in an extra (non-spacetime) dimension. Besides giving a natural interpretation of the wavefunction and the Born rule, the model accommodates the collapse of the wave packet and other quantum paradoxes such as EPR and the Ahanorov-Bohm effect. The model also gives a new perspective on the 'relational' nature of quantum mechanics: that is, whether the wave function of a physical system is "real" or simply reflects the observer's partial knowledge of the system. We simulate the model for a 2-slit experiment, and indicate possible deviations of the model's predictions from conventional quantum mechanics. We also indicate how the theory may be extended to a field theory.

Chris Thron; Johnny Watts

2012-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

32

Quantum Mechanical Coherence, Resonance, and Mind  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Norbert Wiener and J.B.S. Haldane suggested during the early thirties that the profound changes in our conception of matter entailed by quantum theory opens the way for our thoughts, and other experiential or mind-like qualities, to play a role in nature that is causally interactive and effective, rather than purely epiphenomenal, as required by classical mechanics. The mathematical basis of this suggestion is described here, and it is then shown how, by giving mind this efficacious role in natural process, the classical character of our perceptions of the quantum universe can be seen to be a consequence of evolutionary pressures for the survival of the species.

Henry P. Stapp

1995-04-04T23:59:59.000Z

33

Quantum Entanglement and Decoherence: Beyond Particle Models. A Farewell to Quantum Mechanics's Weirdness  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Combining abstract to laboratory projected quantum states a general analysis of headline quantum phenomena is presented. Standard representation mode is replaced; instead quantum states sustained by elementary material constituents occupy its place. Renouncing to assign leading roles to language originated in classical physics when describing genuine quantum processes, together with sustainment concept most, if not all weirdness associated to Quantum Mechanics vanishes.

O. Tapia

2014-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

34

Neutrino oscillations: Quantum mechanics vs. quantum field theory  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A consistent description of neutrino oscillations requires either the quantum-mechanical (QM) wave packet approach or a quantum field theoretic (QFT) treatment. We compare these two approaches to neutrino oscillations and discuss the correspondence between them. In particular, we derive expressions for the QM neutrino wave packets from QFT and relate the free parameters of the QM framework, in particular the effective momentum uncertainty of the neutrino state, to the more fundamental parameters of the QFT approach. We include in our discussion the possibilities that some of the neutrino's interaction partners are not detected, that the neutrino is produced in the decay of an unstable parent particle, and that the overlap of the wave packets of the particles involved in the neutrino production (or detection) process is not maximal. Finally, we demonstrate how the properly normalized oscillation probabilities can be obtained in the QFT framework without an ad hoc normalization procedure employed in the QM approach.

Akhmedov, Evgeny Kh.; Kopp, Joachim; ,

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Quantum Mechanics of a Rotating Billiard  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Integrability of a square billiard is spontaneously broken as it rotates about one of its corners. The system becomes quasi-integrable where the invariant tori are broken with respect to a certain parameter, $\\lambda = 2E/\\omega^{2}$ where E is the energy of the particle inside the billiard and $\\omega$ is the angular frequency of rotation of billiard. We study the system classically and quantum mechanically in view of obtaining a correspondence in the two descriptions. Classical phase space in Poincar\\'{e} surface of section shows transition from regular to chaotic motion as the parameter $\\lambda$ is decreased. In the Quantum counterpart, the spectral statistics shows a transition from Poisson to Wigner distribution as the system turns chaotic with decrease in $\\lambda$. The wavefunction statistics however show breakdown of time-reversal symmetry as $\\lambda$ decreases.

Nandan Jha; Sudhir R. Jain

2014-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

36

A Global Optimization Approach to Quantum Mechanics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper presents a global optimization approach to quantum mechanics, which describes the most fundamental dynamics of the universe. It suggests that the wave-like behavior of (sub)atomic particles could be the critical characteristic of a global optimization method deployed by nature so that (sub)atomic systems can find their ground states corresponding to the global minimum of some energy function associated with the system. The classic time-independent Schrodinger equation is shown to be derivable from the global optimization method to support this argument.

Xiaofei Huang

2006-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

37

Quantum Mechanics associated with a Finite Group  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

I describe, in the simplified context of finite groups and their representations, a mathematical model for a physical system that contains both its quantum and classical aspects. The physically observable system is associated with the space containing elements fxf for f an element in the regular representation of a given finite group G. The Hermitian portion of fxf is the Wigner distribution of f whose convolution with a test function leads to a mathematical description of the quantum measurement process. Starting with the Jacobi group that is formed from the semidirect product of the Heisenberg group with its automorphism group SL(2,F{N}) for N an odd prime number I show that the classical phase space is the first order term in a series of subspaces of the Hermitian portion of fxf that are stable under SL(2,F{N}). I define a derivative that is analogous to a pseudodifferential operator to enable a treatment that parallels the continuum case. I give a new derivation of the Schrodinger-Weil representation of the Jacobi group. Keywords: quantum mechanics, finite group, metaplectic. PACS: 03.65.Fd; 02.10.De; 03.65.Ta.

Robert W. Johnson

2006-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

38

Conceptual Development of Quantum Mechanics: Experiences with the Visual Quantum Mechanics Materials*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Materials* Yan Wang** and Teresa L. Hein American University In this paper we will present our experiences using a portion of the materials developed by the Visual Quantum Mechanics (VQM) project1 as part of our materials were utilized in a new second-tier introductory course for non-science majors at American

Larkin, Teresa L.

39

A Foundation Theory of Quantum Mechanics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The nRules are empirical regularities that were discovered in macroscopic situations where the outcome is known. When they are projected theoretically into the microscopic domain they predict a novel ontology including the frequent collapse of an atomic wave function, thereby defining an nRule based foundation theory. Future experiments can potentially discriminate between this and other foundation theories of (non-relativistic) quantum mechanics. Important features of the nRules are: (1) they introduce probability through probability current rather than the Born rule, (2) they are valid independent of size (micro or macroscopic), (3) they apply to individual trials, not just to ensembles of trials. (4) they allow all observers to be continuously included in the system without ambiguity, (5) they account for the collapse of the wave function without introducing new or using old physical constants, and (6) in dense environments they provide a high frequency of stochastic localizations of quantum mechanical objects. Key words: measurement, stochastic choice, state reduction.

Richard A Mould

2006-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

40

Fundamental phenomena of quantum mechanics explored with neutron interferometers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ongoing fascination with quantum mechanics keeps driving the development of the wide field of quantum-optics, including its neutron-optics branch. Application of neutron-optical methods and, especially, neutron interferometry and polarimetry has a long-standing tradition for experimental investigations of fundamental quantum phenomena. We give an overview of related experimental efforts made in recent years.

J. Klepp; S. Sponar; Y. Hasegawa

2014-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mc quantum mechanics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Quantum mechanics and the direction of time  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In recent papers the authors have discussed the dynamical properties of large Poincare systems (LPS), that is, nonintegrable systems with a continuous spectrum (both classical and quantum). An interesting example of LPS is given by the Friedrichs model of field theory. As is well known, perturbation methods analytic in the coupling constant diverge because of resonant denominators. They show that this Poincare catastrophe can be eliminated by a natural time ordering of the dynamical states. They obtain then a dynamical theory which incorporates a privileged direction of time (and therefore the second law of thermodynamics). However, it is only in very simple situations that his time ordering can be performed in an extended Hilbert space. In general, they need to go to the Liouville space (superspace) and introduce a time ordering of dynamical states according to the number of particles involved in correlations. This leads then to a generalization of quantum mechanics in which the usual Heisenberg's eigenvalue problem is replaced by a complex eigenvalue problem in the Liouville space.

Hasegawa, H.; Petrosky, T. (Univ. of Texas, Austin (United States)); Prigogine, I. (Univ. of Texas, Austin (United States) International Solvay Inst. for Physics and Chemistry, Brussels (Belgium)); Tasaki, S. (International Solvay Inst. for Physics and Chemistry, Brussels (Belgium))

1991-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Tampering detection system using quantum-mechanical systems  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The use of quantum-mechanically entangled photons for monitoring the integrity of a physical border or a communication link is described. The no-cloning principle of quantum information science is used as protection against an intruder's ability to spoof a sensor receiver using a `classical` intercept-resend attack. Correlated measurement outcomes from polarization-entangled photons are used to protect against quantum intercept-resend attacks, i.e., attacks using quantum teleportation.

Humble, Travis S. (Knoxville, TN); Bennink, Ryan S. (Knoxville, TN); Grice, Warren P. (Oak Ridge, TN)

2011-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

43

A Causal Net Approach to Relativistic Quantum Mechanics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper we discuss a causal network approach to describing relativistic quantum mechanics. Each vertex on the causal net represents a possible point event or particle observation. By constructing the simplest causal net based on Reichenbach-like conjunctive forks in proper time we can exactly derive the 1+1 dimension Dirac equation for a relativistic fermion and correctly model quantum mechanical statistics. Symmetries of the net provide various quantum mechanical effects such as quantum uncertainty and wavefunction, phase, spin, negative energy states and the effect of a potential. The causal net can be embedded in 3+1 dimensions and is consistent with the conventional Dirac equation. In the low velocity limit the causal net approximates to the Schrodinger equation and Pauli equation for an electromagnetic field. Extending to different momentum states the net is compatible with the Feynman path integral approach to quantum mechanics that allows calculation of well known quantum phenomena such as diffraction.

R. D. Bateson

2012-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

44

Green's Functions and Their Applications to Quantum Mechanics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Green's Functions and Their Applications to Quantum Mechanics Jeff Schueler June 2, 2011 Contents 1 Green's Functions in Quantum Mechanics and Many-body Theory 8 3.1 Time Independent Green's Fuctions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 3.2 Solving the Schr¨odinger Equation Using Green's Functions . . 12 4 Conclusion 13 1 #12

Morrow, James A.

45

Quantum Mechanics Summary/Review Spring 2009 Compton Lecture Series  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Quantum Mechanics Summary/Review Spring 2009 Compton Lecture Series: From Quantum Mechanics is a constant of nature known as "Planck's constant." ­ The larger is, the more like a wave the object behaves a magnetic field around the particle and interacts with external magnetic fields. (This is the cause

46

Environment-Induced Decoherence in Noncommutative Quantum Mechanics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We address the question of the appearence of ordinary quantum mechanics in the context of noncommutative quantum mechanics. We obtain the noncommutative extension of the Hu-Paz-Zhang master equation for a Brownian particle linearly coupled to a bath of harmonic oscillators. We consider the particular case of an Ohmic regime.

Joao Nuno Prata; Nuno Costa Dias

2006-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

47

Evolution of Schrodinger Uncertainty Relation in Quantum Mechanics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the present article, we discuss one of the basic relations of Quantum Mechanics - the Uncertainty Relation (UR). In 1930, few years after Heisenberg, Erwin Schrodinger generalized the famous Uncertainty Relation in Quantum Mechanics, making it more precise than the original. The present study discusses recent generalizations of Schrodinger's work and explains why his paper remains almost forgotten in the last century.

A Angelow

2008-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

48

Mechanism of UV Photoreactivity of Alkylsiloxane Self-Assembled Monolayers Tao Ye, Eric A. McArthur, and Eric Borguet*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is the primary reactive agent for the UV degradation of ODS SAMs. UV degradation, which follows zero chemical functional groups formed by the UV degradation. These groups are intermediates in a proposedMechanism of UV Photoreactivity of Alkylsiloxane Self-Assembled Monolayers Tao Ye, Eric A. Mc

Borguet, Eric

49

Highlighting the mechanism of the quantum speedup by time-symmetric and relational quantum mechanics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bob hides a ball in one of four drawers. Alice is to locate it. Classically she has to open up to three drawers, quantally just one. The fundamental reason for this quantum speedup is not known. We explain it by extending the usual representation of the quantum algorithm, limited to the process of solving the problem, to the process of setting the problem. The number of the drawer with the ball becomes a unitary transformation of the random outcome of the preparation measurement. This brings in relational quantum mechanics: the extension is with respect to Bob and cannot be with respect to Alice. It would tell her the drawer number before she opens any drawer. To Alice, the projection of the quantum state due to the preparation measurement should be retarded at the end of her search; in the input state of the search, the drawer number is determined to Bob and undetermined to Alice. A second consequence is the emergence of an ambiguity. Either the preparation measurement or the final one required to read the solution selects the solution. For reasons of symmetry, we assume that the selection shares evenly between the two measurements. All is as if Alice, by reading the solution, selected half of the information that specifies the drawer number. This selection leaves the input state to Bob unaltered and projects that to Alice on a state of lower entropy where she knows that half in advance. The quantum algorithm is a sum over histories in each of which Alice knows in advance that the ball is in a pair of drawers and locates it by opening one of the two. More in general, given an oracle problem, this explanation of the speedup predicts the number of queries required to solve it in an optimal quantum way.

Giuseppe Castagnoli

2014-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

50

A quantum mechanical version of Price's theorem for Gaussian states  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper is concerned with integro-differential identities which are known in statistical signal processing as Price's theorem for expectations of nonlinear functions of jointly Gaussian random variables. We revisit these relations for classical variables by using the Frechet differentiation with respect to covariance matrices, and then show that Price's theorem carries over to a quantum mechanical setting. The quantum counterpart of the theorem is established for Gaussian quantum states in the framework of the Weyl functional calculus for quantum variables satisfying the Heisenberg canonical commutation relations. The quantum mechanical version of Price's theorem relates the Frechet derivative of the generalized moment of such variables with respect to the real part of their quantum covariance matrix with other moments. As an illustrative example, we consider these relations for quadratic-exponential moments which are relevant to risk-sensitive quantum control.

Igor G. Vladimirov

2014-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

51

Potentiality and Contradiction in Quantum Mechanics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Following J.-Y.B\\'eziau in his pioneer work on non-standard interpretations of the traditional square of opposition, we have applied the abstract structure of the square to study the relation of opposition between states in superposition in orthodox quantum mechanics in \\cite{are14}. Our conclusion was that such states are \\ita{contraries} (\\ita{i.e.} both can be false, but both cannot be true), contradicting previous analyzes that have led to different results, such as those claiming that those states represent \\ita{contradictory} properties (\\ita{i. e.} they must have opposite truth values). In this chapter we bring the issue once again into the center of the stage, but now discussing the metaphysical presuppositions which underlie each kind of analysis and which lead to each kind of result, discussing in particular the idea that superpositions represent potential contradictions. We shall argue that the analysis according to which states in superposition are contrary rather than contradictory is still more plausible.

Jonas R. B. Arenhart; Décio Krause

2014-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

52

A Process Algebra Approach to Quantum Mechanics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The process approach to NRQM offers a fourth framework for the quantization of physical systems. Unlike the standard approaches (Schrodinger-Heisenberg, Feynman, Wigner-Gronewald-Moyal), the process approach is not merely equivalent to NRQM and is not merely a re-interpretation. The process approach provides a dynamical completion of NRQM. Standard NRQM arises as a asymptotic quotient by means of a set-valued process covering map, which links the process algebra to the usual space of wave functions and operators on Hilbert space. The process approach offers an emergentist, discrete, finite, quasi-non-local and quasi-non-contextual realist interpretation which appears to resolve many of the paradoxes and is free of divergences. Nevertheless, it retains the computational power of NRQM and possesses an emergent probability structure which agrees with NRQM in the asymptotic quotient. The paper describes the process algebra, the process covering map for single systems and the configuration process covering map for multiple systems. It demonstrates the link to NRQM through a toy model. Applications of the process algebra to various quantum mechanical situations - superpositions, two-slit experiments, entanglement, Schrodinger's cat - are presented along with an approach to the paradoxes and the issue of classicality.

William H. Sulis

2014-09-07T23:59:59.000Z

53

E-Print Network 3.0 - activity quantum mechanical Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

quantum mechanical Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: activity quantum mechanical Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Department of...

54

A Novel Radiation to Test Foundations of Quantum Mechanics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We point out that a new mechanism for radiation should exist if the Bohm theory of quantum mechanics is taken seriously. By traversing a quantum potential, an electron will necessarily be accelerated and radiate. For an illustration, we show that in the double-slit experiment this radiation yields a characteristic spectrum and a distinct pattern on the screen that is complementary to the pattern of the electrons. Experimentally, either the existence or the nonexistence of such a radiation would have important implications for the foundations of quantum mechanics.

Pisin Chen

2014-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

55

Mechanism of Selective Oxidation of Propene to Acrolein on Bismuth Molybdates from Quantum Mechanical Calculations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mechanism of Selective Oxidation of Propene to Acrolein on Bismuth Molybdates from Quantum for understanding the fundamental chemical mechanisms underlying the selective oxidation of propene to acrolein to form acrolein, and acrolein desorption. The formation of -allyl intermediate is reversible

Goddard III, William A.

56

EPR, Bell, GHZ, and Hardy theorems, and quantum mechanics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We review the theorems of Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen (EPR), Bell, Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger (GHZ), and Hardy, and present arguments supporting the idea that quantum mechanics is a complete, causal, non local, and non separable theory.

Miguel Socolovsky

2005-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

57

Nonlinear Phenomenology from Quantum Mechanics: Soliton in a Lattice  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study a soliton in an optical lattice holding bosonic atoms quantum mechanically using both an exact numerical solution and quantum Monte Carlo simulations. The computation of the state is combined with an explicit account of the measurements of the numbers of the atoms at the lattice sites. In particular, importance sampling in the quantum Monte Carlo method arguably produces faithful simulations of individual experiments. Even though the quantum state is invariant under lattice translations, an experiment may show a noisy version of the localized classical soliton.

Juha Javanainen; Uttam Shrestha

2009-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

58

Nonlinear coupling of nano mechanical resonators to Josephson quantum circuits  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We propose a technique to couple the position operator of a nano mechanical resonator to a SQUID device by modulating its magnetic flux bias. By tuning the magnetic field properly, either linear or quadratic couplings can be realized, with a discretely adjustable coupling strength. This provides a way to realize coherent nonlinear effects in a nano mechanical resonator by coupling it to a Josephson quantum circuit. As an example, we show how squeezing of the nano mechanical resonator state can be realized with this technique. We also propose a simple method to measure the uncertainty in the position of the nano mechanical resonator without quantum state tomography.

Xingxiang Zhou; Ari Mizel

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Sensible Quantum Mechanics: Are Probabilities only in the Mind?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Quantum mechanics may be formulated as {\\it Sensible Quantum Mechanics} (SQM) so that it contains nothing probabilistic except conscious perceptions. Sets of these perceptions can be deterministically realized with measures given by expectation values of positive-operator-valued {\\it awareness operators}. Ratios of the measures for these sets of perceptions can be interpreted as frequency-type probabilities for many actually existing sets. These probabilities generally cannot be given by the ordinary quantum ``probabilities'' for a single set of alternatives. {\\it Probabilism}, or ascribing probabilities to unconscious aspects of the world, may be seen to be an {\\it aesthemamorphic myth}.

Don N. Page

1995-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

60

Quantum network of superconducting qubits through opto-mechanical interface  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We propose a scheme to realize quantum networking of superconducting qubits based on the opto-mechanical interface. The superconducting qubits interact with the microwave photons, which then couple to the optical photons through the opto-mechanical interface. The interface generates a quantum link between superconducting qubits and optical flying qubits with tunable pulse shapes and carrier frequencies, enabling transmission of quantum information to other superconducting or atomic qubits. We show that the scheme works under realistic experimental conditions and it also provides a way for fast initialization of the superconducting qubits under 1 K instead of 20 mK operation temperature.

Zhang-qi Yin; W. L. Yang; L. Sun; L. M. Duan

2015-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mc quantum mechanics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Conservation of information and the foundations of quantum mechanics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We review a recent approach to the foundations of quantum mechanics inspired by quantum information theory. The approach is based on a general framework, which allows one to address a large class of physical theories which share basic information-theoretic features. We first illustrate two very primitive features, expressed by the axioms of causality and purity-preservation, which are satisfied by both classical and quantum theory. We then discuss the axiom of purification, which expresses a strong version of the Conservation of Information and captures the core of a vast number of protocols in quantum information. Purification is a highly non-classical feature and leads directly to the emergence of entanglement at the purely conceptual level, without any reference to the superposition principle. Supplemented by a few additional requirements, satisfied by classical and quantum theory, it provides a complete axiomatic characterization of quantum theory for finite dimensional systems.

G. Chiribella; C. M. Scandolo

2014-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

62

On the hypothesis that quantum mechanism manifests classical mechanics: Numerical approach to the correspondence in search of quantum chaos  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Quantum manifestation of classical chaos has been one of the extensively studied subjects for more than a decade. Yet clear understanding of its nature still remains to be an open question partly due to the lack of a canonical definition of quantum chaos. The classical definition seems to be unsuitable in quantum mechanics partly because of the Heisenberg quantum uncertainty. In this regard, quantum chaos is somewhat misleading and needs to be clarified at the very fundamental level of physics. Since it is well known that quantum mechanics is more fundamental than classical mechanics, the quantum description of classically chaotic nature should be attainable in the limit of large quantum numbers. The focus of my research, therefore, lies on the correspondence principle for classically chaotic systems. The chaotic damped driven pendulum is mainly studied numerically using the split operator method that solves the time-dependent Schroedinger equation. For classically dissipative chaotic systems in which (multi)fractal strange attractors often emerge, several quantum dissipative mechanisms are also considered. For instance, Hoover`s and Kubo-Fox-Keizer`s approaches are studied with some computational analyses. But the notion of complex energy with non-Hermiticity is extensively applied. Moreover, the Wigner and Husimi distribution functions are examined with an equivalent classical distribution in phase-space, and dynamical properties of the wave packet in configuration and momentum spaces are also explored. The results indicate that quantum dynamics embraces classical dynamics although the classicalquantum correspondence fails to be observed in the classically chaotic regime. Even in the semi-classical limits, classically chaotic phenomena would eventually be suppressed by the quantum uncertainty.

Lee, Sang-Bong

1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Quantum mechanical Hamiltonian models of the computation process  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As noted in the proceedings of this conference it is of importance to determine if quantum mechanics imposes fundamental limits on the computation process. Some aspects of this problem have been examined by the development of different types of quantum mechanical Hamiltonian models of Turing machines. (Benioff 1980, 1982a, 1982b, 1982c). Turing machines were considered because they provide a standard representation of all digital computers. Thus, showing the existence of quantum mechanical models of all Turing machines is equivalent to showing the existence of quantum mechanical models of all digital computers. The types of models considered all had different properties. Some were constructed on two-dimensional lattices of quantum spin systems of spin 1/2 (Benioff 1982b, 1982c) or higher spins (Benioff 1980). All the models considered Turing machine computations which were made reversible by addition of a history tape. Quantum mechanical models of Bennett's reversible machines (Bennett 1973) in which the model makes a copy of the computation result and then erases the history and undoes the computation in lockstep to recover the input were also developed (Benioff 1982a). To avoid technical complications all the types of models were restricted to modelling an arbitrary but finite number of computation steps.

Benioff, P.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Electron exchange-correlation in quantum mechanics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

It is shown that Fermi-Dirac statistics is guaranteed by the Dirac current, from which spin-dependent quantum velocity fields and spin-dependent quantum trajectories can be inferred. Pauli's exclusion principle is demonstrated using the spin-dependent quantum trajectories. The Dirac current, unlike the Schroedinger current, is nonzero for stationary bound states due to the permanent magnetic moment of the electron. It is of order c{sup 0} in agreement with observation that Fermi-Dirac statistics is independent of electronic velocity. In summary the physical basis for exchange-correlation is found in Dirac's equation, although Schroedinger's equation may be used to evaluate the Dirac current in the nonrelativistic regime of electronic velocity.

Ritchie, B

2009-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

65

Aspects of the Decoherent Histories Approach to Quantum Mechanics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

I give an informal overview of the decoherent histories approach to quantum mechanics, due to Griffiths, to Omn\\`es, and to Gell-Mann and Hartle is given. Results on the connections between decoherence, records, correlation and entropy are described. The emphasis of the presentation is on understanding the broader meaning of the conditions of consistency and decoherence, and in particular, the extent to which they permit one to assign definite properties to the system. The quantum Brownian motion model is briefly discussed. (To appear in proceedings of the workshop, "Stochastic Evolution of Quantum States in Open Systems and Measurement Processes", Budapest, March, 1993, edited by L.Diosi).

J. J. Halliwell

1993-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

66

Comment on 'Nonlocality, Counterfactuals and Quantum Mechanics'  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A recent proof [H. P. Stapp, Am. J. Phys. 65, 300 (1997)], formulated in the symbolic language of modal logic, claims to show that contemporary quantum theory, viewed as a set of rules that allow us to calculate statistical predictions among certain kinds of observations, cannot be imbedded in any rational framework that conforms to the principles that (1) the experimenters' choices of which experiments they will perform can be considered to be free choices, (2) outcomes of measurements are unique, and (3) the free choices just mentioned have no backward-in-time effects of any kind. This claim is similar to Bell's theorem, but much stronger, because no reality assumption alien to quantum philosophy is used. The paper being commented on [W. Unruh, Phys. Rev. A 59, 126 (1999)] argues that some such reality assumption has been ''smuggled'' in. That argument is examined here and shown, I believe, to be defective.

Stapp, H.P.

1999-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

67

Transition From Quantum To Classical Mechanics As Information Localization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Quantum parallelism implies a spread of information over the space in contradistinction to the classical mechanical situation where the information is "centered" on a fixed trajectory of a classical particle. This means that a quantum state becomes specified by more indefinite data. The above spread resembles, without being an exact analogy, a transfer of energy to smaller and smaller scales observed in the hydrodynamical turbulence. There, in spite of the presence of dissipation (in a form of kinematic viscosity), energy is still conserved. The analogy with the information spread in classical to quantum transition means that in this process the information is also conserved. To illustrate that, we show (using as an example a specific case of a coherent quantum oscillator) how the Shannon information density continuously changes in the above transition . In a more general scheme of things, such an analogy allows us to introduce a "dissipative" term (connected with the information spread) in the Hamilton-Jacobi equation and arrive in an elementary fashion at the equations of classical quantum mechanics (ranging from the Schr\\"{o}dinger to Klein-Gordon equations). We also show that the principle of least action in quantum mechanics is actually the requirement for the energy to be bounded from below.

A. Granik

2005-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

68

Mind-Body Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The wave-particle duality is a mind-body one. In the real 3D-space there exists only the particle, the wave exists in its consciousness. If there are many particles, their distribution in accordance with the wave function represents a real wave in real space. Many worlds, Schroedinger cat, etc., exist only as mental constructions. The "waves of matter" are non-material. Feynman et al. taught quantum world "is like neither". Alas, they forgot living matter.

Raoul Nakhmanson

2001-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

69

Quantum-mechanical description of in-medium fragmentation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a quantum-mechanical description of quark-hadron fragmentation in a nuclear environment. It employs the path-integral formulation of quantum mechanics, which takes care of all phases and interferences, and which contains all relevant time scales, like production, coherence, formation, etc. The cross section includes the probability of pre-hadron (colorless dipole) production both inside and outside the medium. Moreover, it also includes inside-outside production, which is a typical quantum-mechanical interference effect (like twin-slit electron propagation). We observe a substantial suppression caused by the medium, even if the pre-hadron is produced outside the medium and no energy loss is involved. This important source of suppression is missed in the usual energy-loss scenario interpreting the effect of jet quenching observed in heavy ion collisions. This may be one of the reasons of a too large gluon density, reported by such analyzes.

B. Z. Kopeliovich; H. -J. Pirner; I. K. Potashnikova; Ivan Schmidt; A. V. Tarasov; O. O. Voskresenskaya

2008-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

70

The quantum mechanics of perfect fluids  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider the canonical quantization of an ordinary fluid. The resulting long-distance effective field theory is derivatively coupled, and therefore strongly coupled in the UV. The system however exhibits a number of peculiarities, associated with the vortex degrees of freedom. On the one hand, these have formally a vanishing strong-coupling energy scale, thus suggesting that the effective theory's regime of validity is vanishingly narrow. On the other hand, we prove an analog of Coleman's theorem, whereby the semiclassical vacuum has no quantum counterpart, thus suggesting that the vortex premature strong-coupling phenomenon stems from a bad identification of the ground state and of the perturbative degrees of freedom. Finally, vortices break the usual connection between short distances and high energies, thus potentially impairing the unitarity of the effective theory.

Solomon Endlich; Alberto Nicolis; Riccardo Rattazzi; Junpu Wang

2010-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

71

Quantum Mechanics and Discrete Time from "Timeless" Classical Dynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study classical Hamiltonian systems in which the intrinsic proper time evolution parameter is related through a probability distribution to the physical time, which is assumed to be discrete. - This is motivated by the ``timeless'' reparametrization invariant model of a relativistic particle with two compactified extradimensions. In this example, discrete physical time is constructed based on quasi-local observables. - Generally, employing the path-integral formulation of classical mechanics developed by Gozzi et al., we show that these deterministic classical systems can be naturally described as unitary quantum mechanical models. The emergent quantum Hamiltonian is derived from the underlying classical one. It is closely related to the Liouville operator. We demonstrate in several examples the necessity of regularization, in order to arrive at quantum models with bounded spectrum and stable groundstate.

H. -T. Elze

2003-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

72

Lagrangian Approaches of Dirac and Feynman to Quantum Mechanics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A unified exposition of the Lagrangian approach to quantum mechanics is presented, embodying the main features of the approaches of Dirac and of Feynman. The arguments of the exposition address the relation of the Lagrangian approach to the Hamiltonian operator and how the correspondence principle fits into each context.

Y. G. Yi

2006-03-23T23:59:59.000Z

73

Harmonic Superfields in N=4 Supersymmetric Quantum Mechanics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This is a brief survey of applications of the harmonic superspace methods to the models of N=4 supersymmetric quantum mechanics (SQM). The main focus is on a recent progress in constructing SQM models with couplings to the background non-Abelian gauge fields. Besides reviewing and systemizing the relevant results, we present some new examples and make clarifying comments.

Evgeny A. Ivanov

2011-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

74

Graphene and Quantum Mechanics University of California, Berkeley  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Graphene and Quantum Mechanics Minjae Lee University of California, Berkeley lee.minjae@math.berkeley.edu March 31, 2014 Minjae Lee (UC Berkeley) Graphene March 31, 2014 1 / 9 #12;Carbon structures Graphite 3 Berkeley) Graphene March 31, 2014 2 / 9 #12;Graphene Graphene A single layer of graphite The thinnest 2D

Zworski, Maciej

75

Statistical mechanics of confined quantum particles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We develop statistical mechanics and thermodynamics of Bose and Fermi systems in relativistic harmonic oscillator (RHO) confining potential, which may be applicable in quark gluon plasma (QGP), astrophysics, Bose-Einstein condensation (BEC), condensed matter physics etc. Detailed study of QGP system is carried out and compared with lattice results. Further, as an application, our equation of state (EoS) of QGP is used to study compact stars like quark star.

Vishnu M. Bannur; K. M. Udayanandan

2006-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

76

E-Print Network 3.0 - accurate quantum mechanical Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

quantum mechanical Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: accurate quantum mechanical Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Special Session 3B New...

77

Robert R. McCormick Department of Mechanical Engineering School of Engineering Department of Biomedical Engineering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Biomedical Engineering and Applied Science Joint Biomedical Engineering -- Mechanical Engineering Tenure-track position in the Departments of Biomedical Engineering and Mechanical Engineering at Northwestern University earned a Ph.D. or an equivalent degree and have a background in biomedical engineering, mechanical

Shull, Kenneth R.

78

The Free-Will Postulate in Quantum Mechanics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The so-called "free will axiom" is an essential ingredient in many discussions concerning hidden variables in quantum mechanics. In this paper we argue that "free will" can be defined in different ways. The definition usually employed is clearly invalid in strictly deterministic theories. A different, more precise formulation is proposed here, defining a condition that may well be a more suitable one to impose on theoretical constructions and models. Our axiom, to be referred to as the `unconstrained initial state' condition, has consequences similar to "free will", but does not clash with determinism, and appears to lead to different conclusions concerning causality and locality in quantum mechanics. Models proposed earlier by this author fall in this category. Imposing our `unconstrained initial state' condition on a deterministic theory underlying Quantum Mechanics, appears to lead to a restricted free-will condition in the quantum system: an observer has the free will to modify the setting of a measuring device, but has no control over the phase of its wave function. The dismissal of the usual "free will" concept does not have any consequences for our views and interpretations of human activities in daily life, and the way our minds function, but it requires a more careful discussion on what, in practice, free will actually amounts to.

Gerard 't Hooft

2007-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

79

On a Model of Quantum Mechanics and the Mind  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper I discuss Stapp's (2014) interesting proposal of using the Quantum Zeno Effect to account for the mind/matter interaction. In particular, I discuss some of the motivations for it, and then argue that, in his current version, his model is circular (a solution to this, proposed by Kathryn Laskey, is presented), insofar as the mind/matter problem is concerned. I also present an alternative approach to some of the appealing aspects of using quantum mechanics to think about consciousness.

J. Acacio de Barros

2014-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

80

Developing the Deutsch-Hayden approach to quantum mechanics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The formalism of Deutsch and Hayden is a useful tool for describing quantum mechanics explicitly as local and unitary, and therefore quantum information theory as concerning a "flow" of information between systems. In this paper we show that these physical descriptions of flow are unique, and develop the approach further to include the measurement interaction and mixed states. We then give an analysis of entanglement swapping in this approach, showing that it does not in fact contain non-local effects or some form of superluminal signalling.

Clare Hewitt-Horsman; Vlatko Vedral

2006-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mc quantum mechanics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Bell's theorem tells us NOT what quantum mechanics IS, but what quantum mechanics IS NOT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Non-locality, or quantum-non-locality, are buzzwords in the community of quantum foundation and information scientists, which purportedly describe the implications of Bell's theorem. When such phrases are treated seriously, that is it is claimed that Bell's theorem reveals non-locality as an inherent trait of the quantum description of the micro-world, this leads to logical contradictions, which will be discussed here. In fact, Bell's theorem, understood as violation of Bell inequalities by quantum predictions, is consistent with Bohr's notion of complementarity. Thus, if it points to anything, then it is rather the significance of the principle of Bohr, but even this is not a clear implication. Non-locality is a necessary consequence of Bell's theorem only if we reject complementarity by adopting some form of realism, be it additional hidden variables, additional hidden causes, etc., or counterfactual definiteness. The essay contains two largely independent parts. The first one is addressed to any reader int...

Zukowski, Marek

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Thermodynamics and equilibrium structure of Ne38 cluster: Quantum mechanics versus classical  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. For example, although the heat capacity Cv T around the "solid-liquid" transition temperature T 10 K MC simulations are implemented in the parallel tempering framework. The classical heat capacity Cv do not play an essential role in the thermodynamics of Ne38, the quantum heat capacity

Mandelshtam, Vladimir A.

83

Dark current mechanism of terahertz quantum-well photodetectors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Dark current mechanisms of terahertz quantum-well photodetectors (THz QWPs) are systematically investigated experimentally and theoretically by measuring two newly designed structures combined with samples reported previously. In contrast to previous investigations, scattering-assisted tunneling dark current is found to cause significant contributions to total dark current. A criterion is also proposed to determine the major dark current mechanism at different peak response frequencies. We further determine background limited performance (BLIP) temperatures, which decrease both experimentally and theoretically as the electric field increases. This work gives good description of dark current mechanism for QWPs in the THz region and is extended to determine the transition fields and BLIP temperatures with response peaks from 3 to 12 THz.

Jia, J. Y.; Gao, J. H.; Hao, M. R.; Wang, T. M.; Shen, W. Z.; Zhang, Y. H., E-mail: yuehzhang@sjtu.edu.cn [Key Laboratory of Artificial Structures and Quantum Control (Ministry of Education), Department of Physics and Astronomy, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240 (China); Cao, J. C.; Guo, X. G. [Key Laboratory of Terahertz Solid-State Technology, Shanghai Institute of Microsystem and Information Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 865 Changning Road, Shanghai 200050 (China); Schneider, H., E-mail: h.schneider@hzdr.de [Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf, Institute of Ion Beam Physics and Materials Research, P.O. Box 510119, 01314 Dresden (Germany)

2014-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

84

A classical, elementary approach to the foundations of Quantum Mechanics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Perhaps Quantum Mechanics can be seen just as the simplest mathematical formalism where angular momentum (the magnitude of each of its three orthogonal projections) is by construction quantized: all possible values are taken from a discrete set. Indeed: (i) This idea finds support in very reasonable, completely classical physical arguments, if we place ourselves in the framework of Stochastic Electrodynamics (SED): there, all sustained periodic movement must satisfy a power balance that restricts the value of the average angular momentum, on each of its projections. (ii) It gives a natural explanation of the concept of "photon", as a constraint on the observable spectrum of energy-momentum exchanges between metastable physical states, in particular its discreteness. QM would be, in this picture, a semi-static theory, transparent to all the (micro)-dynamics taking place between apparently "discrete" events (transitions in the state of the system). For instance, (the magnitude of the projections of) quantum ang...

Rodriguez, David

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Reality without Realism: On the Ontological and Epistemological Architecture of Quantum Mechanics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

First, the article considers the nature of quantum reality (the reality responsible for quantum phenomena) and the concept of realism (our ability to represent this reality) in quantum theory, in conjunction with the roles of locality, causality, and probability and statistics there. Second, it offers two interpretations of quantum mechanics, developed by the authors of this article, the second of which is also a different (from quantum mechanics) theory of quantum phenomena. Both of these interpretations are statistical. The first interpretation, by A. Plotnitsky, "the statistical Copenhagen interpretation," is non-realist, insofar as the description or even conception of the nature of quantum objects and processes is precluded. The second, by A. Khrennikov, is ultimately realist, because it assumes that the quantum-mechanical level of reality is underlain by a deeper level of reality, described, in a realist fashion, by a model based on the pre-quantum classical statistical field theory (PCSFT), the predict...

Plotnitsky, Arkady

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Toward quantum opto-mechanics in a gram-scale suspended mirror interferometer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A new generation of interferometric gravitational wave detectors, currently under construction, will closely approach the fundamental quantum limits of measurement, serving as a prominent example of quantum mechanics at ...

Wipf, Christopher (Christopher Conrad)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Metric space formulation of quantum mechanical conservation laws  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show that conservation laws in quantum mechanics naturally lead to metric spaces for the set of related physical quantities. All such metric spaces have an "onion-shell" geometry. We demonstrate the power of this approach by considering many-body systems immersed in a magnetic field, with a finite ground state current. In the associated metric spaces we find regions of allowed and forbidden distances, a "band structure" in metric space directly arising from the conservation of the $z$ component of the angular momentum.

P. M. Sharp; I. D'Amico

2014-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

88

The Hamilton-Jacobi Theory, Quantum Mechanics and General Relativity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Hamilton-Jacobi theory of Classical Mechanics can be extended in a novel manner to systems which are fuzzy in the sense that they can be represented by wave functions. A constructive interference of the phases of the wave functions then gives us back Classical systems. In a suitable description this includes both Quantum Theory and General Relativity in the well known superspace formulation. However, there are several nuances which provide insight into these latter systems. All this is considered in this paper together with suitable generalization, to cascades of super universes.

B. G. Sidharth

2005-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

89

Considering relativistic symmetry as the first principle of quantum mechanics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

On the basis of the relativistic symmetry of Minkowski space, we derive a Lorentz invariant equation for a spread electron. This equation slightly differs from the Dirac equation and includes additional terms originating from the spread of an electron. Further, we calculate the anomalous magnetic moment based on these terms. These calculations do not include any divergence; therefore, renormalization procedures are unnecessary. In addition, the relativistic symmetry existing among coordinate systems will provide a new prospect for the foundations of quantum mechanics like the measurement process.

T. Kawahara

2007-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

90

N + 1 dimensional quantum mechanical model for a closed universe  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A quantum mechanical model for an N + 1 dimensional universe arising from a quantum fluctuation is outlined. (3 + 1) dimensions are a closed infinitely-expanding universe and the remaining N - 3 dimensions are compact. The (3 + 1) non-compact dimensions are modeled by quantizing a canonical Hamiltonian description of a homogeneous isotropic universe. It is assumed gravity and the strong-electro-weak (SEW) forces had equal strength in the initial state. Inflation occurred when the compact N -3 dimensional space collapsed after a quantum transition from the initial state of the univers, during its evolution to the present state where gravity is much weaker than the SEW force. The model suggests the universe has no singularities and the large size of our present universe is determined by the relative strength of gravity and the SEW force today. A small cosmological constant, resulting from the zero point energy of the scalar field corresponding to the compact dimensions, makes the model universe expand forever.

T. R. Mongan

1999-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

91

Hamilton relativity group for noninertial states in quantum mechanics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Physical states in quantum mechanics are rays in a Hilbert space. Projective representations of a relativity group transform between the quantum physical states that are in the admissible class. The physical observables of position, time, energy and momentum are the Hermitian representation of the Weyl-Heisenberg algebra. We show that there is a consistency condition that requires the relativity group to be a subgroup of the group of automorphisms of the Weyl-Heisenberg algebra. This, together with the requirement of the invariance of classical time, results in the inhomogeneous Hamilton group that is the relativity group for noninertial frames in classical Hamilton's mechanics. The projective representation of a group is equivalent to unitary representations of its central extension. The central extension of the inhomogeneous Hamilton group and its corresponding Casimir invariants are computed. One of the Casimir invariants is a generalized spin that is invariant for noninertial states. It is the familiar inertial Galilean spin with additional terms that may be compared to noninertial experimental results.

Stephen G. Low

2007-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

92

Mini-Proceedings ECT*: Speakable in quantum mechanics: atomic, nuclear and subnuclear physics tests  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mini-Proceedings ECT*: Speakable in quantum mechanics: atomic, nuclear and subnuclear physics tests, ECT*-Trento, 29 August - 2 September, 2011

C. Curceanu; J. Marton; E. Milotti

2011-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

93

ECE 350 / 450 -Fall 2010 Applied Quantum Mechanics for Engineers (3)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ECE 350 / 450 - Fall 2010 Applied Quantum Mechanics for Engineers (3) Instructor: Prof. Nelson (for ECE 450-level) in engineering (Electical and Computer Engineering, Material Science Engineering

Gilchrist, James F.

94

The modern tools of quantum mechanics (A tutorial on quantum states, measurements, and operations)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This tutorial is devoted to review the modern tools of quantum mechanics, which are suitable to describe states, measurements, and operations of realistic, not isolated, systems in interaction with their environment, and with any kind of measuring and processing devices. We underline the central role of the Born rule and and illustrate how the notion of density operator naturally emerges, together the concept of purification of a mixed state. In reexamining the postulates of standard quantum measurement theory, we investigate how they may formally generalized, going beyond the description in terms of selfadjoint operators and projective measurements, and how this leads to the introduction of generalized measurements, probability operator-valued measures (POVM) and detection operators. We then state and prove the Naimark theorem, which elucidates the connections between generalized and standard measurements and illustrates how a generalized measurement may be physically implemented. The "impossibility" of a jo...

Paris, Matteo G A

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Water Assisted Reaction Mechanism of OH- with CCl4 in Aqueous Solution - Hybrid Quantum Mechanical and Molecular Mechanics Investigation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The OH- (H2O) + CCl4 reaction in aqueous solution was investigated using the combined quantum mechanical and molecular mechanics approach. The reaction mechanism of OH- (H2O) + CCl4 consists of two concerted steps - formation of OH- in the favorable attack conformation via the proton transfer process, and the nucleophilic substitution process in which the newly formed OH- attacks the CCl4. The free energy activation barrier is 38.2 kcal/mol at CCSD(T)/MM level of theory for this reaction, which is about 10.3 kcal/mol higher than that of the direct nucleophilic substitution mechanism of the OH- + CCl4 reaction in aqueous solution.

Chen, Jie; Yin, Hongyun; Wang, Dunyou; Valiev, Marat

2013-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

96

A Review of Student Difficulties in Upper-Level Quantum Mechanics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Learning advanced physics, in general, is challenging not only due to the increased mathematical sophistication but also because one must continue to build on all of the prior knowledge acquired at the introductory and intermediate levels. In addition, learning quantum mechanics can be especially challenging because the paradigms of classical mechanics and quantum mechanics are very different. Here, we review research on student reasoning difficulties in learning upper-level quantum mechanics and research on students' problem-solving and metacognitive skills in these courses. Some of these studies were multi-university investigations. The investigations suggest that there is large diversity in student performance in upper-level quantum mechanics regardless of the university, textbook, or instructor and many students in these courses have not acquired a functional understanding of the fundamental concepts. The nature of reasoning difficulties in learning quantum mechanics is analogous to reasoning difficulties...

Singh, Chandralekha

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Quantum Mechanics and the Principle of Least Radix Economy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A new variational method, the principle of least radix economy, is formulated. The mathematical and physical relevance of the radix economy, also called digit capacity, is established, showing how physical laws can be derived from this concept in a unified way. The principle reinterprets and generalizes the principle of least action yielding two classes of physical solutions: least action paths and quantum wavefunctions. A new physical foundation of the Hilbert space of quantum mechanics is then accomplished and it is used to derive the Schr\\"odinger and Dirac equations and the breaking of the commutativity of spacetime geometry. The formulation provides an explanation of how determinism and random statistical behavior coexist in spacetime and a framework is developed that allows dynamical processes to be formulated in terms of chains of digits. These methods lead to a new (pre-geometrical) foundation for Lorentz transformations and special relativity. The Parker-Rhodes combinatorial hierarchy is encompassed within our approach and this leads to an estimate of the interaction strength of the electromagnetic and gravitational forces that agrees with the experimental values to an error of less than one thousandth. Finally, it is shown how the principle of least-radix economy naturally gives rise to Boltzmann's principle of classical statistical thermodynamics. A new expression for a general (path-dependent) nonequilibrium entropy is proposed satisfying the Second Law of Thermodynamics.

Vladimir Garcia-Morales

2015-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

98

Ad hoc physical Hilbert spaces in Quantum Mechanics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The overall principles of what is now widely known as PT-symmetric quantum mechanics are listed, explained and illustrated via a few examples. In particular, models based on an elementary local interaction V(x) are discussed as motivated by the naturally emergent possibility of an efficient regularization of an otherwise unacceptable presence of a strongly singular repulsive core in the origin. The emphasis is put on the constructive aspects of the models. Besides the overall outline of the formalism we show how the low-lying energies of bound states may be found in closed form in certain dynamical regimes. Finally, once these energies are found real we explain that in spite of a manifest non-Hermiticity of the Hamiltonian the time-evolution of the system becomes unitary in a properly amended physical Hilbert space.

Francisco M. Fernández; Javier Garcia; Iveta Semorádová; Miloslav Znojil

2014-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

99

Formal similarity between mathematical structures of electrodynamics and quantum mechanics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electromagnetic phenomena can be described by Maxwell equations written for the vectors of electric and magnetic field. Equivalently, electrodynamics can be reformulated in terms of an electromagnetic vector potential. We demonstrate that the Schr\\"odinger equation admits an analogous treatment. We present a Lagrangian theory of a real scalar field $\\phi$ whose equation of motion turns out to be equivalent to the Schr\\"odinger equation with time independent potential. After introduction the field into the formalism, its mathematical structure becomes analogous to those of electrodynamics. The field $\\phi$ is in the same relation to the real and imaginary part of a wave function as the vector potential is in respect to electric and magnetic fields. Preservation of quantum-mechanics probability is just an energy conservation law of the field $\\phi$.

A. A. Deriglazov

2011-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

100

A fully 3D atomistic quantum mechanical study on random dopant induced effects in 25nm MOSFETs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Fully 3D Atomistic Quantum Mechanical Study on RandomWang* Abstract— We present a fully 3D atomistic quantum me-Dopant ?uctuation, MOSFETs, 3D, threshold, LCBB, quantum

Jiang, Xiang-Wei

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mc quantum mechanics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

An Investigation on the Basic Conceptual Foundations of Quantum Mechanics by Using the Clifford Algebra  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We review our approach to quantum mechanics adding also some new interesting results. We start by giving proof of two important theorems on the existence of the and Clifford algebras. This last algebra gives proof of the von Neumann basic postulates on the quantum measurement explaining thus in an algebraic manner the wave function collapse postulated in standard quantum theory. In this manner we reach the objective to expose a self-consistent version of quantum mechanics. We give proof of the quantum like Heisenberg uncertainty relations, the phenomenon of quantum Mach Zender interference as well as quantum collapse in some cases of physical interest We also discuss the problem of time evolution of quantum systems as well as the changes in space location. We also give demonstration of the Kocken-Specher theorem, and also we give an algebraic formulation and explanation of the EPR . By using the same approach we also derive Bell inequalities. Our formulation is strongly based on the use of idempotents that are contained in Clifford algebra. Their counterpart in quantum mechanics is represented by the projection operators that are interpreted as logical statements, following the basic von Neumann results. Using the Clifford algebra we are able to invert such result. According to the results previously obtained by Orlov in 1994, we are able to give proof that quantum mechanics derives from logic. We show that indeterminism and quantum interference have their origin in the logic.

Elio Conte

2011-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

102

Quantum Theory of Cavity-Assisted Sideband Cooling of Mechanical Motion Florian Marquardt,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

using bulk refrigeration, but it may be feasible using nonequilibrium cooling techniques analo- gousQuantum Theory of Cavity-Assisted Sideband Cooling of Mechanical Motion Florian Marquardt,1 Joe P (Received 22 January 2007; published 28 August 2007) We present a quantum-mechanical theory of the cooling

Clerk, Aashish

103

Renninger's Thought Experiment: Implications for Quantum Ontology and for Quantum Mechanic's Interpretation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It is argued that the conclusions obtained by Renninger (Zeitschrift fur Physik 136, 251 (1953)), by means of an interferometer thought experiment, have important implications for a number of still ongoing discussions about quantum mechanics (QM). To these belong the ontology underlying QM, Bohr's complementarity principle, the significance of QM's wave function, the "elements of reality" introduced by Einstein, Podolsky and Rosen (EPR), and Bohm's version of QM (BQM). A slightly extended setup is used to make a physical prediction at variance with the mathematical prediction of QM. An english translation of Renninger's paper, which was originally published in german language, follows the present paper. This should facilitate access to that remarkable, apparently overlooked and forgotten, paper.

De Baere, W

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Supersymmetric descendants of self-adjointly extended quantum mechanical Hamiltonians  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We consider the descendants of self-adjointly extended Hamiltonians in supersymmetric quantum mechanics on a half-line, on an interval, and on a punctured line or interval. While there is a 4-parameter family of self-adjointly extended Hamiltonians on a punctured line, only a 3-parameter sub-family has supersymmetric descendants that are themselves self-adjoint. We also address the self-adjointness of an operator related to the supercharge, and point out that only a sub-class of its most general self-adjoint extensions is physical. Besides a general characterization of self-adjoint extensions and their supersymmetric descendants, we explicitly consider concrete examples, including a particle in a box with general boundary conditions, with and without an additional point interaction. We also discuss bulk-boundary resonances and their manifestation in the supersymmetric descendant. -- Highlights: •Self-adjoint extension theory and contact interactions. •Application of self-adjoint extensions to supersymmetry. •Contact interactions in finite volume with Robin boundary condition.

Al-Hashimi, M.H., E-mail: hashimi@itp.unibe.ch [Albert Einstein Center for Fundamental Physics, Institute for Theoretical Physics, Bern University, Sidlerstrasse 5, CH-3012 Bern (Switzerland); Salman, M., E-mail: msalman@qu.edu.qa [Department of Mathematics, Statistics, and Physics, Qatar University, Al Tarfa, Doha 2713 (Qatar); Shalaby, A., E-mail: amshalab@qu.edu.qa [Department of Mathematics, Statistics, and Physics, Qatar University, Al Tarfa, Doha 2713 (Qatar); Physics Department, Faculty of Science, Mansoura University (Egypt); Wiese, U.-J., E-mail: wiese@itp.unibe.ch [Albert Einstein Center for Fundamental Physics, Institute for Theoretical Physics, Bern University, Sidlerstrasse 5, CH-3012 Bern (Switzerland); Center for Theoretical Physics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 77 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, MA (United States)

2013-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

105

Cosmological Rotation of Quantum-Mechanical Origin and Anisotropy of the Microwave Background  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It is shown that rotational cosmological perturbations can be generated in the early Universe, similarly to gravitational waves. The generating mechanism is quantum-mechanical in its nature, and the created perturbations should now be placed in squeezed vacuum quantum states. The physical conditions under which the phenomenon can occur are formulated. The generated perturbations can contribute to the large-angular-scale anisotropy of the cosmic microwave background radiation. An exact formula is derived for the angular correlation function of the temperature variations caused by the quantum-mechanically generated rotational perturbations. The multipole expansion begins from the dipole component. The comparison with the case of gravitational waves is made.

L. P. Grishchuk

1993-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

106

On the Mechanism of Above Room Temperature Superconductivity and Superfluidity by Relativistic Quantum Mechanics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A comprehensive theory of superconductivity (SC) and superfluidity (SF) is presented of new types III and IV at temperatures into millions of degrees involving phase transitions of fermions in heat reservoirs to form general relativistic triple quasi-particles of 3 fermions interacting to boson-fermion pairs. Types 0, I, and II SC/SF are deduced from such triples as: thermally dressed, relativistic fermionic vortices; spin coupled, dressed, fermionic vortical pairs (diamagnetic bosons); and spinrevorbitally coupled, dressed fermionic, vortical pairs (ferromagnetic bosons). All known SC, SF and trends in critical temperatures (Tc) are thereby explained. The recently observed SC/SF in nano-graphene systems is explained. The above room temperature SC/SF is predicted and modeled by transformations of intense thermal boson populations of heat reservoirs to relativistic mass, weight, spin and magnetism for further reasoning over compression to electricity, weak phenomena and strong phenomena for connecting general relativism and quantum mechanics.

Reginald B. Little

2014-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

107

Unitary dilation models of Turing machines in quantum mechanics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A goal of quantum-mechanical models of the computation process is the description of operators that model changes in the information-bearing degrees of freedom. Iteration of the operators should correspond to steps in the computation, and the final state of halting computations should be stable under iteration. The problem is that operators constructed directly from the process description do not have these properties. In general these operators annihilate the halted state. If information-erasing steps are present, there are additional problems. These problems are illustrated in this paper by consideration of operators for two simple one-step processes and two simple Turing machines. In general the operators are not unitary and, if erasing steps are present, they are not even contraction operators. Various methods of extension or dilation to unitary operators are discussed. Here unitary power dilations are considered as a solution to these problems. It is seen that these dilations automatically provide a good solution to the initial- and final-state problems. For processes with erasing steps, recording steps must be included prior to the dilation, but only for the steps that erase information. Hamiltonians for these processes are also discussed. It is noted that {ital H}, described by exp({minus}{ital iH}{Delta})={ital U}{sup {ital T}}, where {ital U}{sup {ital T}} is a unitary step operator for the process and {Delta} a time interval, has complexity problems. These problems and those noted above are avoided here by the use of the Feynman approach to constructing Hamiltonians directly from the unitary power dilations of the model operators. It is seen that the Hamiltonians so constructed have some interesting properties.

Benioff, P. [Environmental Assessment Division, Building 900, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States)] [Environmental Assessment Division, Building 900, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States)

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Tungsten-dependent formaldehyde ferredoxin oxidoreductase: Reaction mechanism from quantum chemical calculations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Tungsten-dependent formaldehyde ferredoxin oxidoreductase: Reaction mechanism from quantum chemical theory Enzyme catalysis Formaldehyde ferredoxin oxidoreductase from Pyrococcus furiosus is a tungsten the formaldehyde substrate binds directly to the tungsten ion. WVI =O then performs a nucleophilic attack

Liao, Rongzhen

109

Quantum-mechanical description of Lense-Thirring effect for relativistic scalar particles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Exact expression for the Foldy-Wouthuysen Hamiltonian of scalar particles is used for a quantum-mechanical description of the relativistic Lense-Thirring effect. The exact evolution of the angular momentum operator in the Kerr field approximated by a spatially isotropic metric is found. The quantum-mechanical description of the full Lense-Thirring effect based on the Laplace-Runge-Lenz vector is given in the nonrelativistic and weak-field approximation. Relativistic quantum-mechanical equations for the velocity and acceleration operators are obtained. The equation for the acceleration defines the Coriolis-like and centrifugal-like accelerations and presents the quantum-mechanical description of the frame-dragging effect.

Alexander J. Silenko

2014-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

110

The Role of Magnesium for Geometry and Charge in GTP Hydrolysis, Revealed by Quantum Mechanics/Molecular Mechanics Simulations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Role of Magnesium for Geometry and Charge in GTP Hydrolysis, Revealed by Quantum Mechanics, People's Republic of China ABSTRACT The coordination of the magnesium ion in proteins by triphosphates conversion. For example, in Ras the magnesium ion contributes to the catalysis of GTP hydrolysis

Gerwert, Klaus

111

A note on the Landauer principle in quantum statistical mechanics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Landauer principle asserts that the energy cost of erasure of one bit of information by the action of a thermal reservoir in equilibrium at temperature T is never less than $kTlog 2$. We discuss Landauer's principle for quantum statistical models describing a finite level quantum system S coupled to an infinitely extended thermal reservoir R. Using Araki's perturbation theory of KMS states and the Avron-Elgart adiabatic theorem we prove, under a natural ergodicity assumption on the joint system S+R, that Landauer's bound saturates for adiabatically switched interactions. The recent work of Reeb and Wolf on the subject is discussed and compared.

Vojkan Jaksic; Claude-Alain Pillet

2014-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

112

Quantum mechanical aspects of friction and electric resistance in microscopic problems with applications to radiation physics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Friction incorporates the close connection between classical mechanics in irreversible thermodynamics. The translation to a quantum mechanical foundation is not trivial and requires a generalization of the Lagrange function. A change to electromagnetic circuits appears to more adequate, since the electric analogue (Ohms law) is related to scatter of electrons at lattice vibrations.

Ulmer, W

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Self-field and magnetic-flux quantum mechanics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Self-field and quantized magnetic-flux are employed to generate the quantum numbers n, m, and l of atomic physics. Wave-particle duality is shown to be a natural outcome of having a particle and its self-field.

Paul Harris

2005-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

115

n the microcosmos of quantum mechanics, phenomena abound that  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, can appear to behave as a water wave in one instance and as a discrete particle in another. Both. These waves interfere, producing a series of light and dark fringes when projected onto a screen [see point or another.) 86 SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN December 1994 The Duality in Matter and Light In quantum

Nielsen, Steven O.

116

Academic Staff -Mechanical & Industrial Engineering (15 June 2014) ALEMAN, Dionne M. Associate Professor (416) 978 6780 MC321 aleman@mie.utoronto.ca  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Professor (416) 978 6780 MC321 aleman@mie.utoronto.ca AMON, Cristina H. Professor; Dean (416) 978 3131 BA 2007 dean@ecf.utoronto.ca ASHGRIZ, Nasser Professor (416) 946 3408 MC229 ashgriz@mie.utoronto.ca BALCIOGLU, Baris Associate Professor (416) 978 3040 MC105 baris@mie.utoronto.ca BAZYLAK, Aimy Associate

117

States in the Hilbert space formulation and in the phase space formulation of quantum mechanics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We consider the problem of testing whether a given matrix in the Hilbert space formulation of quantum mechanics or a function considered in the phase space formulation of quantum theory represents a quantum state. We propose several practical criteria for recognising states in these two versions of quantum physics. After minor modifications, they can be applied to check positivity of any operators acting in a Hilbert space or positivity of any functions from an algebra with a ?-product of Weyl type. -- Highlights: ? Methods of testing whether a given matrix represents a quantum state. ? The Stratonovich–Weyl correspondence on an arbitrary symplectic manifold. ? Criteria for checking whether a function on a symplectic space is a Wigner function.

Tosiek, J., E-mail: tosiek@p.lodz.pl; Brzykcy, P., E-mail: 800289@edu.p.lodz.pl

2013-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

118

Cosmological Perturbations of Quantum-Mechanical Origin and Anisotropy of the Microwave Background  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cosmological perturbations generated quantum-mechanically (as a particular case, during inflation) possess statistical properties of squeezed quantum states. The power spectra of the perturbations are modulated and the angular distribution of the produced temperature fluctuations of the CMBR is quite specific. An exact formula is derived for the angular correlation function of the temperature fluctuations caused by squeezed gravitational waves. The predicted angular pattern can, in principle, be revealed by the COBE-type observations.

L. P. Grishchuk

1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

The Hydrogen Atom: a Review on the Birth of Modern Quantum Mechanics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The purpose of this work is to retrace the steps that were made by scientists of XIX century, like Bohr, Schrodinger, Heisenberg, Pauli, Dirac, for the formulation of what today represents the modern quantum mechanics and that, within two decades, put in question the classical physics. In this context, the study of the electronic structure of hydrogen atom has been the main starting point for the formulation of the theory and, till now, remains the only real case for which the quantum equation of motion can be solved exactly. The results obtained by each theory will be discussed critically, highlighting limits and potentials that allowed the further development of the quantum theory.

Nanni, Luca

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Quantum Mechanical Corrections to Simulated Shock Hugoniot Temperatures  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The authors present a straightforward method for the inclusion of quantum nuclear vibrational effects in molecular dynamics calculations of shock Hugoniot temperatures. Using a grueneisen equation of state and a quasi-harmonic approximation to the vibrational energies, they derive a simple, post-processing method for calculation of the quantum corrected Hugoniot temperatures. They have used our novel technique on ab initio simulations of both shock compressed water and methane. Our results indicate significantly closer agreement with all available experimental temperature data for these two systems. Our formalism and technique can be easily applied to a number of different shock compressed molecular liquids or covalent solids, and has the potential to decrease the large uncertainties inherent in many experimental Hugoniot temperature measurements of these systems.

Goldman, N; Reed, E; Fried, L E

2009-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mc quantum mechanics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Generalized contexts and consistent histories in quantum mechanics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We analyze a restriction of the theory of consistent histories by imposing that a valid description of a physical system must include quantum histories which satisfy the consistency conditions for all states. We prove that these conditions are equivalent to imposing the compatibility conditions of our formalism of generalized contexts. Moreover, we show that the theory of consistent histories with the consistency conditions for all states and the formalism of generalized context are equally useful representing expressions which involve properties at different times.

Losada, Marcelo [Instituto de Física Rosario, Pellegrini 250, 2000 Rosario (Argentina); Laura, Roberto, E-mail: rlaura@fceia.unr.edu.ar [Facultad de Ciencias Exactas, Ingeniería y Agrimensura, Pellegrini 250, 2000 Rosario (Argentina); Instituto de Física Rosario, Pellegrini 250, 2000 Rosario (Argentina)

2014-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

122

Fractal energy carpets in non-Hermitian Hofstadter quantum mechanics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the non-Hermitian Hofstadter dynamics of a quantum particle with biased motion on a square lattice in the background of a magnetic field. We show that in quasi-momentum space the energy spectrum is an overlap of infinitely many inequivalent fractals. The energy levels in each fractal are space-filling curves with Hausdorff dimension 2. The band structure of the spectrum is similar to a fractal spider net in contrast to the Hofstadter butterfly for unbiased motion.

Chernodub, M N

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Discrete Phase Space: Quantum mechanics and non-singular potential functions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The three-dimensional potential equation, motivated by representations of quantum mechanics, is investigated in four different scenarios: (i) In the usual Euclidean space $\\mathbb{E}_{3}$ where the potential is singular but invariant under the continuous inhomogeneous orthogonal group $\\mathcal{I}O(3)$. The invariance under the translation subgroup is compared to the corresponding unitary transformation in the Schr\\"{o}dinger representation of quantum mechanics. This scenario is well known but serves as a reference point for the other scenarios. (ii) Next, the discrete potential equation as a partial difference equation in a three-dimensional lattice space is studied. In this arena the potential is non-singular but invariance under $\\mathcal{I}O(3)$ is broken. This is the usual picture of lattice theories and numerical approximations. (iii) Next we study the six-dimensional continuous phase space. Here a phase space representation of quantum mechanics is utilized. The resulting potential is singular but posse...

Das, Anadijiban

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Testing Born's Rule in Quantum Mechanics with a Triple Slit Experiment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In Mod. Phys. Lett. A 9, 3119 (1994), one of us (R.D.S) investigated a formulation of quantum mechanics as a generalized measure theory. Quantum mechanics computes probabilities from the absolute squares of complex amplitudes, and the resulting interference violates the (Kolmogorov) sum rule expressing the additivity of probabilities of mutually exclusive events. However, there is a higher order sum rule that quantum mechanics does obey, involving the probabilities of three mutually exclusive possibilities. We could imagine a yet more general theory by assuming that it violates the next higher sum rule. In this paper, we report results from an ongoing experiment that sets out to test the validity of this second sum rule by measuring the interference patterns produced by three slits and all the possible combinations of those slits being open or closed. We use attenuated laser light combined with single photon counting to confirm the particle character of the measured light.

Urbasi Sinha; Christophe Couteau; Zachari Medendorp; Immo Söllner; Raymond Laflamme; Rafael Sorkin; Gregor Weihs

2008-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

125

Modelling Quantum Mechanics by the Quantumlike Description of the Electric Signal Propagation in Transmission Lines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It is shown that the transmission line technology can be suitably used for simulating quantum mechanics. Using manageable and at the same time non-expensive technology, several quantum mechanical problems can be simulated for significant tutorial purposes. The electric signal envelope propagation through the line is governed by a Schrodinger-like equation for a complex function, representing the low-frequency component of the signal, In this preliminary analysis, we consider two classical examples, i.e. the Frank-Condon principle and the Ramsauer effect.

R. Fedele; M. A. Man'ko; V. I. Man'ko; V. G. Vaccaro

2002-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

126

Quantum Mechanics with a Momentum-Space Artificial Magnetic Field  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Berry curvature is a geometrical property of an energy band which acts as a momentum space magnetic field in the effective Hamiltonian describing single-particle quantum dynamics. We show how this perspective may be exploited to study systems directly relevant to ultracold gases and photonics. Given the exchanged roles of momentum and position, we demonstrate that the global topology of momentum space is crucially important. We propose an experiment to study the Harper-Hofstadter Hamiltonian with a harmonic trap that will illustrate the advantages of this approach and that will also constitute the first realization of magnetism on a torus.

Hannah M. Price; Tomoki Ozawa; Iacopo Carusotto

2014-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

127

Parametric self pulsing in a quantum opto-mechanical system  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We describe an opto-mechanical system in which the coupling between optical and mechanical degrees of freedom takes the form of a fully quantised third-order parametric interaction. Two physical realisations are proposed: a harmonically trapped atom in a standing wave and the `membrane in the middle' model. The dominant resonant interaction corresponds to a stimulated Raman process in which two phonons are converted into a single cavity photon. We show that this system can exhibit a stable limit cycle in which energy is periodically exchanged between optical and mechanical degrees of freedom. This is equivalently described as a parametric self-pulsing.

Holmes, C A

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Geosynthetics and Geosynthetic-Engineered Soil Structures, Symposium sponsored by the ASCE Engineering Mechanics Division, honoring Prof. R.M. Koerner, McMat 2005, Baton Rouge, Louisiana June 2, 2005.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Geosynthetics and Geosynthetic-Engineered Soil Structures, Symposium sponsored by the ASCE Engineering Mechanics Division, honoring Prof. R.M. Koerner, McMat 2005, Baton Rouge, Louisiana June 2, 2005. Limit analysis of reinforced soils and limit loads on reinforced soil slabs Radoslaw L. Michalowski1

Michalowski, Radoslaw L.

129

Prog. Theor. Phys. Suppl. 138, 489 -494 (2000) Quantum Statistical Mechanics on a Quantum Computer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the eigenvalues of the model Hamiltonian may be determined. We test our QA on a software implemention of a 21 by running this algorithm on a software implementation of a 21-qubit quantum computer for the case phenomena.11) For future applications it is clearly of interest to address the question how to program a QC

130

Chemical dynamics in the gas phase: Time-dependent quantum mechanics of chemical reactions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A major goal of this research is to obtain an understanding of the molecular reaction dynamics of three and four atom chemical reactions using numerically accurate quantum dynamics. This work involves: (i) the development and/or improvement of accurate quantum mechanical methods for the calculation and analysis of the properties of chemical reactions (e.g., rate constants and product distributions), and (ii) the determination of accurate dynamical results for selected chemical systems, which allow one to compare directly with experiment, determine the reliability of the underlying potential energy surfaces, and test the validity of approximate theories. This research emphasizes the use of recently developed time-dependent quantum mechanical methods, i.e. wave packet methods.

Gray, S.K. [Argonne National Laboratory, IL (United States)

1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Energy Down Conversion between Classical Electromagnetic Fields via a Quantum Mechanical SQUID Ring  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider the interaction of a quantum mechanical SQUID ring with a classical resonator (a parallel $LC$ tank circuit). In our model we assume that the evolution of the ring maintains its quantum mechanical nature, even though the circuit to which it is coupled is treated classically. We show that when the SQUID ring is driven by a classical monochromatic microwave source, energy can be transferred between this input and the tank circuit, even when the frequency ratio between them is very large. Essentially, these calculations deal with the coupling between a single macroscopic quantum object (the SQUID ring) and a classical circuit measurement device where due account is taken of the non-perturbative behaviour of the ring and the concomitant non-linear interaction of the ring with this device.

M. J. Everitt; T. D. Clark; P. B. Stiffell; C. J. Harland; J. F. Ralph

2005-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

132

Is Bell's theorem relevant to quantum mechanics? On locality and non-commuting observables  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bell's theorem is a statement by which averages obtained from specific types of statistical distributions must conform to a family of inequalities. These models, in accordance with the EPR argument, provide for the simultaneous existence of quantum mechanically incompatible quantities. We first recall several contradictions arising between the assumption of a joint distribution for incompatible observables and the probability structure of quantum-mechanics, and conclude that Bell's theorem is not expected to be relevant to quantum phenomena described by non-commuting observables, irrespective of the issue of locality. Then, we try to disentangle the locality issue from the existence of joint distributions by introducing two models accounting for the EPR correlations but denying the existence of joint distributions. We will see that these models do not need to resort explicitly to non-locality: the first model relies on conservation laws for ensembles, and the second model on an equivalence class by which different configurations lead to the same physical predictions.

A. Matzkin

2009-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

133

Quantum mechanics of the free Dirac electrons and Einstein photons, and the Cauchy process  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fundamental solutions for the free Dirac electron and Einstein photon equations in position coordinates are constructed as matrix valued functionals on the space of bump functions. It is shown that these fundamental solutions are related by a unitary transform via the Cauchy distribution in imaginary time. We study the way the classical relativistic mechanics of the free particle comes from the quantum mechanics of the free Dirac electron.

A. A. Beilinson

2014-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

134

Quantum mechanical method of fragment's angular and energy distribution calculation for binary and ternary fission  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the framework of quantum-mechanical fission theory, the method of calculation for partial fission width amplitudes and asymptotic behavior of the fissile nucleus wave function with strong channel coupling taken into account has been suggested. The method allows one to solve the calculation problem of angular and energy distribution countation for binary and ternary fission.

Kadmensky, S. G., E-mail: kadmensky@phys.vsu.ru; Titova, L. V.; Pen'kov, N. V. [Voronezh State University (Russian Federation)

2006-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

135

Mechanism of tungsten-dependent acetylene hydratase from quantum chemical calculations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mechanism of tungsten-dependent acetylene hydratase from quantum chemical calculations Rong hydratase is a tungsten-dependent enzyme that cata- lyzes the nonredox hydration of acetylene metalloenzyme cluster approach Tungsten is the heaviest metal in biology and plays prominent roles in carbon

Liao, Rongzhen

136

Philosophy of Mind and the Problem of FreeWill in the Light of Quantum Mechanics.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Arguments pertaining to the mind-brain connection and to the physical effectiveness of our conscious choices have been presented in two recent books, one by John Searle, the other by Jaegwon Kim. These arguments are examined, and it is argued that the difficulties encountered arise from a defective understanding and application of a pertinent part of contemporary science, namely quantum mechanics.

Stapp, Henry; Stapp, Henry P

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Philosophy of mind and the problem of free will in the light of quantum mechanics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Defects occasioned by the advent of quantum mechanics are described in detail of recent arguments by John Searle and by Jaegwon Kim pertaining to the question of the complete reducibility to the physical of the apparent capacity of a person's conscious thoughts to affect the behaviour of that person's physically described brain.

Henry P. Stapp

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

WKB and MAF Quantization Rules for Spatially Confined Quantum Mechanical Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A formalism is developed to obtain the energy eigenvalues of spatially confined quantum mechanical systems in the framework of The usual WKB and MAF methods. The technique is applied to three different cases,viz one dimensional Harmonic Oscillators,Quartic Oscillators and a boxed-in charged particle in electric field.

A. Sinha; R. Roychoudhury

1999-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

139

Neutron Interferometry: Lessons in Experimental Quantum Mechanics Helmut Rauch and Samuel A. Werner  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Neutron Interferometry: Lessons in Experimental Quantum Mechanics Helmut Rauch and Samuel A. Werner Today, 55, 52 (2002). The copious availability of thermalized neutrons makes them an ideal probe of choice for many fundamental physics investigations. A prime example is the field of neutron

Lynn, Jeffrey W.

140

Non-locality and gauge freedom in Deutsch and Hayden's formulation of quantum mechanics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Deutsch and Hayden have proposed an alternative formulation of quantum mechanics which is completely local. We argue that their proposal must be understood as having a form of `gauge freedom' according to which mathematically distinct states are physically equivalent. Once this gauge freedom is taken into account, their formulation is no longer local.

David Wallace; Chris Timpson

2005-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

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141

Carbon 40 (2002) 429436 Quantum-mechanical simulations of field emission from carbon  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Carbon 40 (2002) 429­436 Quantum-mechanical simulations of field emission from carbon nanotubes *A simulations of field emission from 2-nm long open (5,5), closed (5,5) and open (10,0) carbon nanotubes recently where the carbon nanotubes [1,2], a vast literature has appeared on field-emission current from

Mayer, Alexandre

142

Beyond the Stalemate: Conscious MInd-Body - Quantum Mechanics - Free Will - Possible Panpsychism - Possible Interpretation of Quantum Enigma  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

I wish to discuss a large, interwoven set of topics pointed at in the title above. Much of what I say is highly speculative, some is testable, some is, at present, surely not. It is, I hope, useful, to set these ideas forth for our consideration. What I shall say assumes quantum measurement is real, and that Bohm's interpretation of Quantum Mechanics is not true. The Stalemate: In our contemporary neurobiology and much of the philosophy of mind post Descartes we are classical physics machines and either mindless, or mind is at best epiphenomenal and can have no consequences for the physical world. The first main point of this paper is that we are not forced to this conclusion, but must give up total reliance on classical physics.

Kauffman, Stuart

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Orthogonal-state-based cryptography in quantum mechanics and local post-quantum theories  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In contrast to the well-known quantum key distribution (QKD) protocols, which encode secret bits in non-orthogonal states, orthogonal-state-based protocols for QKD transmit secret bits deterministically. Even though secure, such a protocol cannot be used to transmit a secret message directly, because an eavesdropper is not prevented from learning something about the direct message before being detected. A quantum secure direct communication (QSDC) scheme satisfies this stronger security requirement. In this work, we study the relationship between security in QKD and QSDC. We show that replacing qubit streaming in a QKD scheme by block-encoding of qubits, we can construct a QSDC scheme. This forms the basis for reducing the security of a QSDC scheme to that of aQKD scheme, in the sense that if the latter is secure, then so is the QSDC scheme built on top of it. We refer to this as \\textit{block reduction}. Further, we show that the security of QKD reduces to that of QSDC, in the sense that if a QSDC protocol is secure, then by sending a random key as the direct message, the corresponding QKD protocol is also secure. This procedure we call as \\textit{key reduction}. Finally, we propose an orthogonal-state-based deterministic key distribution (KD) protocol which is secure in some local post-quantum theories. Its security arises neither from geographic splitting of a code state nor from Heisenberg uncertainty, but from post-measurement disturbance.

S. Arvinda; Anindita Banerjee; Anirban Pathak; R. Srikanth

2014-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

144

Quantum mechanics in phase space: First order comparison between the Wigner and the Fermi function  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Fermi g_F(x,p) function provides a phase space description of quantum mechanics conceptually different from that based on the the Wigner function W(x,p). In this paper, we show that for a peaked wave packet the g_F(x,p)=0 curve approximately corresponds to a phase space contour level of the Wigner function and provides a satisfactory description of the wave packet's size and shape. Our results show that the Fermi function is an interesting tool to investigate quantum fluctuations in the semiclassical regime.

G. Benenti; G. Strini

2009-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

145

Orthogonal-state-based cryptography in quantum mechanics and local post-quantum theories  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We introduce the concept of cryptographic reduction, in analogy with a similar concept in computational complexity theory. In this framework, class $A$ of crypto-protocols reduces to protocol class $B$ in a scenario $X$, if for every instance $a$ of $A$, there is an instance $b$ of $B$ and a secure transformation $X$ that reproduces $a$ given $b$, such that the security of $b$ guarantees the security of $a$. Here we employ this reductive framework to study the relationship between security in quantum key distribution (QKD) and quantum secure direct communication (QSDC). We show that replacing the streaming of independent qubits in a QKD scheme by block encoding and transmission (permuting the order of particles block by block) of qubits, we can construct a QSDC scheme. This forms the basis for the \\textit{block reduction} from a QSDC class of protocols to a QKD class of protocols, whereby if the latter is secure, then so is the former. Conversely, given a secure QSDC protocol, we can of course construct a secure QKD scheme by transmitting a random key as the direct message. Then the QKD class of protocols is secure, assuming the security of the QSDC class which it is built from. We refer to this method of deduction of security for this class of QKD protocols, as \\textit{key reduction}. Finally, we propose an orthogonal-state-based deterministic key distribution (KD) protocol which is secure in some local post-quantum theories. Its security arises neither from geographic splitting of a code state nor from Heisenberg uncertainty, but from post-measurement disturbance.

S. Aravinda; Anindita Banerjee; Anirban Pathak; R. Srikanth

2015-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

146

No-Go Theorems Face Fluid-Dynamical Theories for Quantum Mechanics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Recent experiments on fluid-dynamical systems have revealed a series of striking quantum-like features of these macroscopic systems, thus reviving the quest to describe quantum mechanics by classical, in particular fluid-dynamical, theories. However, it is generally admitted that such an endeavor is impossible, on the basis of the 'no-go' theorems of Bell and Kochen-Specker. Here we show that such theorems are inoperative for fluid-dynamical models, even if these are local. Such models appear to violate one of the premises of both theorems, and can reproduce the quantum correlation of the Bell experiment. Therefore the statement that 'local hidden-variable theories are impossible' appears to be untenable for theories just slightly more general than originally envisaged by Bell. We also discuss experimental implications.

Louis Vervoort

2014-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

147

Quantum discord is Bohr's notion of non-mechanical disturbance introduced in his answer to EPR  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

By rigorously formalizing the Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen (EPR) argument, and Bohr's reply, one can appreciate that both arguments were technically correct. Their opposed conclusions about the completeness of quantum mechanics hinged upon an explicit difference in their criteria for when a measurement on Alice's system can be regarded as not disturbing Bob's system. The EPR criteria allow their conclusion (incompletness) to be reached by establishing the physical reality of just a single observable $q$ (not a conjugate pair $q$ and $p$), but I show that Bohr's definition of disturbance prevents the EPR chain of reasoning from establishing even this. Moreover, I show that Bohr's definition is intimately related to the asymmetric concept of quantum discord from quantum information theory: if and only if the joint state has no Alice-discord, she can measure any observable without disturbing (in Bohr's sense) Bob's system. Discord can be present even when systems are unentangled, and this has implications for our und...

Wiseman, Howard M

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

J. M. McDonough University of Kentucky  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

J. M. McDonough University of Kentucky Lexington, KY 40506 E-mail: jmmcd@uky.edu x = x - [J( )] (x ANALYSIS J. M. McDonough Departments of Mechanical Engineering and Mathematics University of Kentucky c

McDonough, James M.

149

Structure/Function Studies of Proteins Using Linear Scaling Quantum Mechanical Methodologies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We developed a linear-scaling semiempirical quantum mechanical (QM) program (DivCon). Using DivCon we can now routinely carry out calculations at the fully QM level on systems containing up to about 15 thousand atoms. We also implemented a Poisson-Boltzmann (PM) method into DivCon in order to compute solvation free energies and electrostatic properties of macromolecules in solution. This new suite of programs has allowed us to bring the power of quantum mechanics to bear on important biological problems associated with protein folding, drug design and enzyme catalysis. Hence, we have garnered insights into biological systems that have been heretofore impossible to obtain using classical simulation techniques.

Merz, K. M.

2004-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

150

Computer simulations of local anesthetic mechanisms: Quantum chemical investigation of procaine  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A description at the atomic level of detail of the interaction between local anesthetics, lipid membranes and membrane proteins, is essential for understanding the mechanism of local anesthesia. The importance of performing computer simulations to decipher the mechanism of local anesthesia is discussed here in the context of the current status of understanding of the local anesthetics action. As a first step towards accurate simulations of the interaction between local anesthetics, proteins, lipid and water molecules, here we use quantum mechanical methods to assess the charge distribution and structural properties of procaine in the presence and in the absence of water molecules. The calculations indicate that, in the absence of hydrogen-bonding water molecules, protonated procaine strongly prefers a compact structure enabled by intramolecular hydrogen bonding. In the presence of water molecules the torsional energy pro?le of procaine is modified, and hydrogen bonding to water molecules is favored relative to intra-molecular hydrogen bonding.

Smith, Jeremy C [ORNL; Bondar, A.N. [University of California, Irvine; Suhai, Sandor [German Cancer Research Center, Heidelberg; Frangopol, P.T. [Institute of Atomic Physics, Bucharest Roumania

2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Non-commutative Quantum Mechanics in Three Dimensions and Rotational Symmetry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We generalize the formulation of non-commutative quantum mechanics to three dimensional non-commutative space. Particular attention is paid to the identification of the quantum Hilbert space in which the physical states of the system are to be represented, the construction of the representation of the rotation group on this space, the deformation of the Leibnitz rule accompanying this representation and the implied necessity of deforming the co-product to restore the rotation symmetry automorphism. This also implies the breaking of rotational invariance on the level of the Schroedinger action and equation as well as the Hamiltonian, even for rotational invariant potentials. For rotational invariant potentials the symmetry breaking results purely from the deformation in the sense that the commutator of the Hamiltonian and angular momentum is proportional to the deformation.

Debabrata Sinha; Biswajit Chakraborty; Frederik G Scholtz

2011-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

152

On the Irreps of the N-Extended Supersymmetric Quantum Mechanics and Their Fusion Graphs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this talk we review the classification of the irreducible representations of the algebra of the N-extended one-dimensional supersymmetric quantum mechanics presented in hep-th/0511274. We answer some issues raised in hep-th/0611060, proving the agreement of the results here contained with those in hep-th/0511274. We further show that the fusion algebra of the 1D N-extended supersymmetric vacua introduced in hep-th/0511274 admits a graphical presentation. The N=2 graphs are here explicitly presented for the first time.

Francesco Toppan

2006-12-27T23:59:59.000Z

153

Noncommutative quantum mechanics of simple matter systems interacting with circularly polarized gravitational waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The response of a test particle, both for the free case and under the harmonic oscillator potential, to circularly polarized gravitational waves is investigated in a noncommutative quantum mechanical setting. The system is quantized following the prescription in \\cite{ncgw1}. Standard algebraic techniques are then employed to solve the Hamiltonian of the system. The solutions, in both cases, show signatures of the coordinate noncommutativity. In the harmonic oscillator case, this signature plays a key role in altering the resonance point and the oscillation frequency of the system.

Sunandan Gangopadhyay; Anirban Saha; Swarup Saha

2014-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

154

Quantum mechanics forbids an initial or final singularity in a closed FRW universe  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The existence of singularities in a closed FRW universe depends on the assumption that general relativity is valid for distances less than the Planck length. However, stationary state wave functions of the Schrodinger equation for a closed radiation-dominated FRW universe derived by Elbaz et al (General Relativity and Gravitation 29, 481, 1997) are zero at zero radius of curvature. Thus, even if general relativity is assumed valid at distances less than the Planck length, quantum mechanics seems to forbid singularities in a closed FRW universe.

T. R. Mongan

1999-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

155

Abstract. We present a method to treat the solvent ef-ficiently in hybrid quantum mechanical/molecular me-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract. We present a method to treat the solvent ef- ficiently in hybrid quantum mechanical, the central reactive region is treated quan- tum mechanically to allow key bonds to be made and broken, while the surrounding non-reactive region is treated classically to make the calculations computa- tionally feasible

Dinner, Aaron

156

Effect of atomic scale plasticity on hydrogen diffusion in iron: Quantum mechanically informed and on-the-fly kinetic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

viewpoints, is futile. Among several mechanisms proposed for hydrogen embrittlement (HE) of metals, hydrogenEffect of atomic scale plasticity on hydrogen diffusion in iron: Quantum mechanically informed-assisted diffusion and trapping of hydrogen by crystalline defects in iron. Given an embedded atom (EAM) potential

Ortiz, Michael

157

Statistical mechanics of Coulomb gases as quantum theory on Riemann surfaces  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Statistical mechanics of a 1D multivalent Coulomb gas can be mapped onto non-Hermitian quantum mechanics. We use this example to develop the instanton calculus on Riemann surfaces. Borrowing from the formalism developed in the context of the Seiberg-Witten duality, we treat momentum and coordinate as complex variables. Constant-energy manifolds are given by Riemann surfaces of genus g {>=} 1. The actions along principal cycles on these surfaces obey the ordinary differential equation in the moduli space of the Riemann surface known as the Picard-Fuchs equation. We derive and solve the Picard-Fuchs equations for Coulomb gases of various charge content. Analysis of monodromies of these solutions around their singular points yields semiclassical spectra as well as instanton effects such as the Bloch bandwidth. Both are shown to be in perfect agreement with numerical simulations.

Gulden, T.; Janas, M.; Koroteev, P.; Kamenev, A., E-mail: kamenev@physics.umn.edu [University of Minnesota, Department of Physics (United States)

2013-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

158

A quantum mechanical derivation of the Schwarzschild radius and its quantum correction using a model density distribution: Skin of a black hole  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Using a single particle density distribution for a system of self-gravitating particles which ultimately forms a black hole, we from a condensed matter point of view derive the Schwarzschild radius and by including the quantum mechanical exchange energy we find a small correction to the Schwarzschild radius, which we designate as the skin of the black hole.

Subodha Mishra

2007-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

159

Quantum mechanical approaches to in silico enzyme characterization and drug design  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The astonishing, exponentially increasing rates of genome sequencing has led to one of the most significant challenges for the biological and computational sciences in the 21st century: assigning the likely functions of the encoded proteins. Enzymes represent a particular challenge, and a critical one, because the universe of enzymes is likely to contain many novel functions that may be useful for synthetic biology, or as drug targets. Current approaches to protein annotation are largely based on bioinformatics. At the simplest level, this annotation involves transferring the annotations of characterized enzymes to related sequences. In practice, however, there is no simple, sequence based criterion for transferring annotations, and bioinformatics alone cannot propose new enzymatic functions. Structure-based computational methods have the potential to address these limitations, by identifying potential substrates of enzymes, as we and others have shown. One successful approach has used in silico 'docking' methods, more commonly applied in structure-based drug design, to identify possible metabolite substrates. A major limitation of this approach is that it only considers substrate binding, and does not directly assess the potential of the enzyme to catalyze a particular reaction using a particular substrate. That is, substrate binding affinity is necessary but not sufficient to assign function. A reaction profile is ultimately what is needed for a more complete quantitative description of function. To address this rather fundamental limitation, they propose to use quantum mechanical methods to explicitly compute transition state barriers that govern the rates of catalysis. Although quantum mechanical, and mixed quantum/classical (QM/MM), methods have been used extensively to investigate enzymatic reactions, the focus has been primarily on elucidating complex reaction mechanisms. Here, the key catalytic steps are known, and they use these methods quantify substrate specificity. That is, we bring the power of quantum mechanics to bear on the problem of annotating enzyme function, which is a novel approach. Although it has been clear to us at the Jacobson group for some time that enzyme specificity may be encoded in transition states, rather than simply substrate recognition, the main limitation has always been computational expense. Using a hierarchy of different methods, they can reduce the list of plausible substrates of an enzyme to a small number in most cases, but even identifying the transition states for a dozen plausible substrates requires significant computational effort, beyond what is practical using standard QM/MM methods. For this project, they have chosen two enzyme superfamilies which they have used as 'model systems' for functional assignment. The enolase superfamily is a large group of {alpha}-{beta} barrel enzymes with highly diverse substrates and chemical transformations. Despite decades of work, over a third of the superfamily remains unassigned, which means that the remaining cases are by definition difficult to assign. They have focused on acid sugar dehydratases, and have considerable expertise on the matter. They are also interested in the isoprenoid synthase superfamily, which is of central interest to the synthetic biology community, because these enzymes are used by nature to create complex rare natural products of medicinal value. the most notable example of this is the artemisinin, an antimalarial compound that is found in trace amounts in the wormwod root. From the standpoint of enzyme function assignment, these enzymes are intriguing because they use a small number of chemically simple substrates to generate, potentially, tens of thousands of different products. Hence, substrate binding specificity is only a small part of the challenge; the key is determining how the enzyme directs the carbocation chemistry to specific products. These more complex modeling approaches clearly require quantum mechanical methods.

Nilmeier, J P; Fattebert, J L; Jacobson, M P; Kalyanaraman, C

2012-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

160

Molecular Quantum Mechanics 2010: From Methylene to DNA and Beyond Conference Support  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This grant was $12500 for partial support of an international conference, Molecular Quantum Mechanics 2010, which was held on the campus of the University of California, Berkeley, from 24 to 29 May 2010. The conference involved more than 250 participants. The conference schedule ran from as early as 8:00 AM to as late as 10:30 PM at night, in order to accommodate six historical lectures, 16 plenary lectures, 42 invited talks and two very strong poster sessions containing 143 contributed posters. Since 1989, the Molecular Quantum Mechanics (MQM) series of international conferences has show- cased the frontiers of research in quantum chemistry with a strong focus on basic theory and algorithms, as well as highlights of topical applications. Both were strongly in evidence at MQM 2010. At the same time as embracing the future, the MQM conferences also honour the lifetime contributions of some of the most prominent scientists in the field of theoretical and computational quantum chemistry. MQM 2010 recognised the work of Prof. Henry F. ‘Fritz’ Schaefer of the Center for Computational Chemistry at the University of Georgia, who was previously on the faculty at Berkeley The travel of invited speakers was partially covered by sponsorships from Dell Computer, Hewlett-Packard, Journal of Chemical Theory and Computation, Virginia Tech College of Science, Molecular Physics, Q-Chem Inc and the American Institute of Physics. By contrast, the conference grant from the Department of Energy was used to provide fellowships and scholarships to enable graduate students and postdoctoral fellows to attend the meeting, and thereby broaden the participation of young scientists at a meeting where in the past most of the attendees have been more senior faculty researchers. We believe that we were very successful in this regard: 118 students and postdocs attended out of the total of 256 participants. In detail, the DOE sponsorship money was partially used for dormitory scholarships that covered the cost of shared accommodation for students and postdocs at Berkeley dormitories. This covered the $200-$305 cost of a shared room for the 5-day duration of the conference. The only condition of these scholarships was that the awardee must present a poster at the meeting. Approximately $7565 was spent for these dormitory scholarships. The remaining expenditures of $4800 was used for 12 merit scholarships which were awarded to students whose poster presentations were judged the best at the conference. This amount covered a significant part of their travel and registration fees.

None

2013-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mc quantum mechanics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Novel photonic bandgap based architectures for quantum computers and networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

microcontrollers (MC), microelectromechanical systems (MEMS)block. A microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) actuator,such as microelectromechanical systems (MEMS), quantum dots,

Güney, Durdu

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Quantum mechanical Hamiltonian models of discrete processes that erase their own histories: application to Turing machines  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Work done before on the construction of quantum mechanical Hamiltonian models of Turing machines and general descrete processes is extended here to include processes which erase their own histories. The models consist of three phases, the forward process phase in which a map T is iterated and a history of iterations is generated, a copy phase which is activated if and only if T reaches a fix point, and an erase phase which erases the iteration history, undoes the iterations of T and recovers the initial state except for the copy system. A ballast system is used to stop the evolution at the desired state. The general model so constructed is applied to Turing machines. The main changes are that the system undergoing the evolution corresponding to T iterations becomes three systems corresponding to the internal machine, the computation tape, and computation head. Also the copy phase becomes more complex since it is desired that this correspond also to a copying Turing machine.

Benioff, P.A.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Visualization and dimensional scaling for some three-body problems in atomic and molecular quantum mechanics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Three-body problems in atomic and molecular quantum mechanics, comprising one electron-two nuclei and two electron-one nucleus, are studied from their Schroedinger-Born-Oppenheimer models. The following are main topics of interest in this paper: (1) review of foundational mathematical properties of the multiparticle Schroedinger operator, (2) visualization of H{sub 2}{sup +} (hydrogen molecular ion)-like and He (helium)-like molecular and atomic states, and (3) spectrum of He obtained by the large-dimension scaling limit. The authors begin with topic (1) for the tutorial purpose and devote topics (2) and (3) to new contributions of the analytical, numerical, and visualization nature. Relevant heuristics, graphics, proofs, and calculations are presented.

Chen Goong [Department of Mathematics and Institute for Quantum Studies, Texas A and M University, College Station, Texas 77843 (United States); Ding Zhonghai [Department of Mathematical Sciences, University of Nevada, Las Vegas, Las Vegas, Nevada 89154-4020 (United States); Perronnet, Alain [Laboratoire J.-L. Lions, Universite Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris Cedex 05 (France); Zhang Zhigang [Department of Mathematics, University of Houston, Houston, Texas 77004 (United States)

2008-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

164

Natural star-products on symplectic manifolds and related quantum mechanical operators  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this paper is considered a problem of defining natural star-products on symplectic manifolds, admissible for quantization of classical Hamiltonian systems. First, a construction of a star-product on a cotangent bundle to an Euclidean configuration space is given with the use of a sequence of pair-wise commuting vector fields. The connection with a covariant representation of such a star-product is also presented. Then, an extension of the construction to symplectic manifolds over flat and non-flat pseudo-Riemannian configuration spaces is discussed. Finally, a coordinate free construction of related quantum mechanical operators from Hilbert space over respective configuration space is presented. -- Highlights: •Invariant representations of natural star-products on symplectic manifolds are considered. •Star-products induced by flat and non-flat connections are investigated. •Operator representations in Hilbert space of considered star-algebras are constructed.

B?aszak, Maciej, E-mail: blaszakm@amu.edu.pl; Doma?ski, Ziemowit, E-mail: ziemowit@amu.edu.pl

2014-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

165

A quantum mechanical model for the relationship between stock price and stock ownership  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The trade of a fixed stock can be regarded as the basic process that measures its momentary price. The stock price is exactly known only at the time of sale when the stock is between traders, that is, only in the case when the owner is unknown. We show that the stock price can be better described by a function indicating at any moment of time the probabilities for the possible values of price if a transaction takes place. This more general description contains partial information on the stock price, but it also contains partial information on the stock owner. By following the analogy with quantum mechanics, we assume that the time evolution of the function describing the stock price can be described by a Schrodinger type equation.

Liviu-Adrian Cotfas

2012-09-05T23:59:59.000Z

166

On the calculation rule of probability of relativistic free particle in quantum mechanics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

As is well known, in quantum mechanics, the calculation rule of the probability that an eigen-value a_n is observed when the physical quantity A is measured for a state described by the state vector |> is P(a_n)= . However, in Ref.[1], based on strict logical reasoning and mathematical calculation, it has been pointed out, replacing , one should use a new rule to calculate P(a_n) for particle satisfying the Dirac equation. In this paper, we first state some results given by Ref.[1]. And then, we present a proof for the new calculation rule of probability according to Dirac sea of negative energy particles, hole theory and the principle "the vacuum is not observable". Finally, we discuss simply the case of particle satisfying the Klein-Gordon equation.

T. Mei

2008-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

167

A quantitative quantum-chemical analysis tool for the distribution of mechanical force in molecules  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The promising field of mechanochemistry suffers from a general lack of understanding of the distribution and propagation of force in a stretched molecule, which limits its applicability up to the present day. In this article, we introduce the JEDI (Judgement of Energy DIstribution) analysis, which is the first quantum chemical method that provides a quantitative understanding of the distribution of mechanical stress energy among all degrees of freedom in a molecule. The method is carried out on the basis of static or dynamic calculations under the influence of an external force and makes use of a Hessian matrix in redundant internal coordinates (bond lengths, bond angles, and dihedral angles), so that all relevant degrees of freedom of a molecule are included and mechanochemical processes can be interpreted in a chemically intuitive way. The JEDI method is characterized by its modest computational effort, with the calculation of the Hessian being the rate-determining step, and delivers, except for the harmonic approximation, exact ab initio results. We apply the JEDI analysis to several example molecules in both static quantum chemical calculations and Born-Oppenheimer Molecular Dynamics simulations in which molecules are subject to an external force, thus studying not only the distribution and the propagation of strain in mechanically deformed systems, but also gaining valuable insights into the mechanochemically induced isomerization of trans-3,4-dimethylcyclobutene to trans,trans-2,4-hexadiene. The JEDI analysis can potentially be used in the discussion of sonochemical reactions, molecular motors, mechanophores, and photoswitches as well as in the development of molecular force probes.

Stauch, Tim; Dreuw, Andreas, E-mail: dreuw@uni-heidelberg.de [Interdisciplinary Center for Scientific Computing, University of Heidelberg, Im Neuenheimer Feld 368, 69120 Heidelberg (Germany)] [Interdisciplinary Center for Scientific Computing, University of Heidelberg, Im Neuenheimer Feld 368, 69120 Heidelberg (Germany)

2014-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

168

Calculation of the electron two slit experiment using a quantum mechanical variational principle  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A nonlocal relativistic variational principle (VP) has recently been proposed as an alternative to the Dirac wave equation of standard quantum mechanics. We apply that principle to the electron two-slit experiment. The detection system is modelled as a screen made of atoms, any one of which can be excited by the incident electron, but we avoid restricting the detection mechanism further. The VP is shown to predict that, at the time the electron reaches the screen, its wavefunction will be localized to the neighborhood of a single atom, resulting in a position-type measurement. In an ensemble of such experiments ('identically prepared' except that the initial phase of the wavefunction - the hidden variable in the VP formulation - is sampled over the expected uniform distribution), the distribution of measured positions will reproduce the interference pattern predicted by the Dirac equation. We also demonstrate that with a detection system designed fundamentally to detect the electron's transverse wavelength rather than its position, the VP predicts that one such mode will be detected, that is, a wavelength measurement will result. Finally, it is shown that these results are unchanged in the 'delayed choice' variant of the experiment.

Harrison, Alan K. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

169

Mechanical Behaviors of Alloys From First Principles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Some Backgrounds on The Quantum Mechanical Stresses . . .3.2.2 The Quantum Mechanical Stresses and The Generalized3.2.3 Quantum-Mechanical

Hanlumyuang, Yuranan

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Erasing the traces of classical mechanics in ionization of H{sub 2} by quantum interferences  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The single ionization of hydrogen molecules by fast electron impact is studied theoretically for transitions from the ground (gerade) state to final ground (gerade) and first-excited (ungerade) states of H{sub 2}{sup +}. It is shown that under definite conditions and for particular orientations of the molecule, the main physical features of the ionization reaction, which are the binary and recoil peaks usually associated with classical mechanisms, are completely erased by quantum interference effects that resemble the ones predicted previously for photoionization reactions. However, these new effects cannot be derived from photoionization results, as the electromagnetic field cannot transfer momentum. In addition, it is found that the emission spectra of transitions leading to the final gerade and ungerade states of the H{sub 2}{sup +} residual target are analogous in certain cases to the patterns of two sources emitting waves in phase or antiphase, respectively. Finally, we show how an average of the emission from randomly oriented molecules produces a binary peak at the classical expected position, in agreement with experiments.

Fojon, O. A.; Stia, C. R.; Rivarola, R. D. [Laboratorio de Colisiones Atomicas and Instituto de Fisica Rosario, CONICET-UNR, Avenida Pellegrini 250, 2000 Rosario (Argentina)

2011-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

171

Cosmological model with decaying vacuum energy law from principles of quantum mechanics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We construct the cosmological model to explain the cosmological constant problem. We built the extension of the standard cosmological model $\\Lambda$CDM by consideration of decaying vacuum energy represented by the running cosmological term. From the principles of quantum mechanics one can find that in the long term behavior survival probability of unstable states is a decreasing function of the cosmological time and has the inverse power-like form. This implies that cosmological constant $\\rho_{\\text{vac}} = \\Lambda(t) = \\Lambda_{\\text{bare}} + \\frac{\\alpha}{t^2}$ where $\\Lambda_{\\text{bare}}$ and $\\alpha$ are constants. We investigate the dynamics of this model using dynamical system methods due to a link to the $\\Lambda(H)$ cosmologies. We have found the exact solution for the scale factor as well as the indicators of its variability like the deceleration parameter and the jerk. From the calculation of the jerk we obtain a simple test of the decaying vacuum in the FRW universe. Using astronomical data (SNI...

Szydlowski, Marek

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

MC&A  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

a basis for designing MC&A Programs in the context of the nuclear material inventory holdings, operations, and missions at the site.


    • Under the SFPI...

  • 173

    Quantum dynamics of two-optical modes and a single mechanical mode optomechanical system: selective energy exchange  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    We study the quantum dynamics of an optomechanical setup comprising two optical modes and one mechanical mode. We show that the same system can undergo a Dicke-Hepp-Lieb superradiant type phase transition. We found that the coupling between the momentum quadratures of the two optical fields give rise to a new critical point. We show that selective energy exchange between any two modes is possible by coherent control of the coupling parameters. In addition we also demonstrate the occurrence of Normal Mode Splitting (NMS) in the mechanical displacement spectrum.

    Neha Aggarwal; Aranya B Bhattacherjee

    2013-02-06T23:59:59.000Z

    174

    204 Mechanical Engineering and Materials Science 205 of Architecture. The campus-wide Rice Quantum Institute is also active in the research  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ) MECH 340 Industrial Process Lab (1) MECH 343 Modeling of Dynamic Systems (4) MECH 371 Fluid Mechanics I204 Mechanical Engineering and Materials Science 205 of Architecture. The campus-wide Rice Quantum. Degree Requirements for B.A., B.S.M.E. in Mechanical Engineering or B.A., B.S.M.S. in Materials Science

    Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

    175

    A Conclusive Experimentation Evidences that Mental States Follow Quantum Mechanics. Further Experimentation Indicates that in Mind States Bell Inequality Violation is Possible  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    In the first part of the paper we reach an experimental final confirmation that mental states follow quantum mechanics. In the second part further experimentation indicates that in mind states Bell inequality violation is possible.

    Elio Conte; Andrei Yuri Khrennikov; Orlando Todarello; Antonio Federici; Joseph P. Zbilut

    2008-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

    176

    Quantum mechanical calculations on the potential energy surface for the formation of xenon dichloride and the nature of the (n5-cyclopentadienyl) dicarbonyliron-arene bond  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    QUANTUM MECHANICAL CALCULATIONS ON THE POTENTIAL ENERGY SURFACE FOR THE FORMATION OF XENON DICHLORIDE AND THE NATURE OF THE (tis- CYCLOPENTADIENYL) DICARBONYLIRON-ARENE BOND A Thesis by NANCY ARLINE RI~SON Submitted to the Office of Graduate... Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1993 Major Subject: Chemistry QUANTUM MECHANICAL CALCULATIONS ON THE POTENTIAL ENERGY SURFACE FOR THE FORMATION OF XENON...

    Richardson, Nancy Arline

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    177

    New version of quantum mechanics at finite temperatures as a ground for description of nearly perfect fluids  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    We suggest a more general than quantum statistical mechanics ($QSM$) microdescription of objects in a heat bath taken into account a vacuum as an object environment - modification of quantum mechanics at finite temperatures; we call it $(\\hbar, k)$-dynamics ($ \\hbar kD$). This approach allows us in a new manner to calculate some important macroparameters and to modify standard thermodynamics. We create an effective apparatus for features description of nearly perfect fluids in various mediums. As an essentially new model of an object environment we suppose a quantum heat bath and its properties, including cases of cold and warm vacuums, are studied. We describe the thermal equilibrium state in place of the traditional density operator in term of a wave function the amplitude and phase of which have temperature dependence. We introduce a new generative operator, Schroedingerian, or stochastic action operator, and show its fundamental role in the microdescription. We demonstrate that a new macroparameter, namely the effective action, can be obtained through averaging of the Schroedingerian over the temperature dependent wave function. It is established that such different parameters as internal energy, effective temperature, and effective entropy and their fluctuations can be expressed through a single quantity - the effective action.

    A. D. Sukhanov; O. N. Golubjeva

    2010-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

    178

    Wave-Particle Duality Revitalized: Consequences, Applications and Relativistic Quantum Mechanics  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The proposed paper presents the unobserved inadequacies in de Broglie's concepts of wave-particle duality and matter waves in the year 1923. The commonly admitted quantum energy or frequency expression h{\

    Himanshu Chauhan; Swati Rawal; R. K. Sinha

    2011-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

    179

    Efficiency loss mechanisms in colloidal quantum-dot light-emitting diodes  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saturated and tunable emission colors make colloidal quantum-dot light-emitting diodes (QD-LEDs) interesting for the next generation of display and lighting technologies. However, there still remain various hurdles to the ...

    Shirasaki, Yasuhiro

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    180

    Entropic Dynamics: from Entropy and Information Geometry to Hamiltonians and Quantum Mechanics  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Entropic Dynamics is a framework in which quantum theory is derived as an application of entropic methods of inference. There is no underlying action principle. Instead, the dynamics is driven by entropy subject to the appropriate constraints. In this paper we show how a Hamiltonian dynamics arises as a type of non-dissipative entropic dynamics. We also show that the particular form of the "quantum potential" that leads to the Schroedinger equation follows naturally from information geometry.

    Ariel Caticha; Daniel Bartolomeo; Marcel Reginatto

    2014-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mc quantum mechanics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
    While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
    they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
    We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
    to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


    181

    Quantum Simulation  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simulating quantum mechanics is known to be a difficult computational problem, especially when dealing with large systems. However, this difficulty may be overcome by using some controllable quantum system to study another less controllable or accessible quantum system, i.e., quantum simulation. Quantum simulation promises to have applications in the study of many problems in, e.g., condensed-matter physics, high-energy physics, atomic physics, quantum chemistry and cosmology. Quantum simulation could be implemented using quantum computers, but also with simpler, analog devices that would require less control, and therefore, would be easier to construct. A number of quantum systems such as neutral atoms, ions, polar molecules, electrons in semiconductors, superconducting circuits, nuclear spins and photons have been proposed as quantum simulators. This review outlines the main theoretical and experimental aspects of quantum simulation and emphasizes some of the challenges and promises of this fast-growing field.

    I. M. Georgescu; S. Ashhab; Franco Nori

    2014-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

    182

    Quantum robots and quantum computers  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Validation of a presumably universal theory, such as quantum mechanics, requires a quantum mechanical description of systems that carry out theoretical calculations and systems that carry out experiments. The description of quantum computers is under active development. No description of systems to carry out experiments has been given. A small step in this direction is taken here by giving a description of quantum robots as mobile systems with on board quantum computers that interact with different environments. Some properties of these systems are discussed. A specific model based on the literature descriptions of quantum Turing machines is presented.

    Benioff, P.

    1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    183

    McMaster University Risk Management  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Program. 3.6 McMaster University Field Trip Policy 3.7 McMaster University Lockout/Tagout program. 3.8 Mc

    Thompson, Michael

    184

    Mechanical Engineering Graduate Student  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ......................................................................................9 Engineering Career Services ................................................................9 McMechanical Engineering Graduate Student Handbook January 2014 Department of Mechanical Engineering University of Wisconsin-Madison #12;Mechanical Engineering Web Page: http://www.engr.wisc.edu/me Graduate

    Wisconsin at Madison, University of

    185

    Tom McQuiston- Biography  

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Tom McQuiston is a doctor of public health specializing in occupational health, safety and environment issues.

    186

    Interpreting the modal Kochen-Specker theorem: possibility and many worlds in quantum mechanics  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    In this paper we attempt to physically interpret the Modal Kochen- Specker (MKS) theorem. In order to do so, we analyze the features of the possible properties of quantum systems arising from the elements in an orthomodular lattice and distinguish the use of "possibility" in the classical and quantum formalisms. Taking into account the modal and many worlds non-collapse interpretation of the projection postulate, we discuss how the MKS theorem rules the constraints to actualization, and thus, the relation between actual and possible realms.

    Christian de Ronde; Hector Freytes; Graciela Domenech

    2014-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

    187

    Protein/Ligand Binding Free Energies Calculated with Quantum Mechanics/Molecular Frauke Gra1ter,, Sonja M. Schwarzl,, Annick Dejaegere,| Stefan Fischer,*, and  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Protein/Ligand Binding Free Energies Calculated with Quantum Mechanics/Molecular Mechanics Frauke of the complexes are predicted (the "docking" problem) as well as in how the free energy is calculated from)solvation during the binding process.3 Typically, binding free energies calculated with these methods have average

    Gräter, Frauke

    188

    A Simple Quantum-Mechanical Model of Spacetime II: Thermodynamics of Spacetime  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    In this second part of our series of two papers, where spacetime is modelled by a graph, where Planck size quantum black holes lie on the vertices, we consider the thermodynamics of spacetime. We formulate an equation which tells in which way an accelerating, spacelike two-surface of spacetime interacts with the thermal radiation flowing through that surface. In the low temperature limit, where most quantum black holes constituting spacetime are assumed to lie in the ground state, our equation implies, among other things, the Hawking and the Unruh effects, as well as Einstein's field equation with a vanishing cosmological constant for general matter fields. We also consider the high temperature limit, where the microscopic black holes are assumed to lie in highly excited states. In this limit our model implies, among other things, that black hole entropy depends logarithmically on its area, instead of being proportional to the area.

    J. Makela

    2009-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

    189

    Calculating and visualizing the density of states for simple quantum mechanical systems  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    We present a graphical approach to understanding the degeneracy, density of states, and cumulative state number for some simple quantum systems. By taking advantage of basic computing operations we define a straightforward procedure for determining the relationship between discrete quantum energy levels and the corresponding density of states and cumulative level number. The density of states for a particle in a rigid box of various shapes and dimensions is examined and graphed. It is seen that the dimension of the box, rather than its shape, is the most important feature. In addition, we look at the density of states for a multi-particle system of identical bosons built on the single-particle spectra of those boxes. A simple model is used to explain how the $N$-particle density of states arises from the single particle system it is based on.

    Declan Mulhall; Matthew Moelter

    2014-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

    190

    Mechanism of terahertz photoconductivity in semimetallic HgTe/CdHgTe quantum wells  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Terahertz photoconductivity in magnetic fields in semimetallic HgTe/CdHgTe quantum wells has been studied. The main contribution to photoconductivity comes from a signal that appears as a result of electron-gas heating. It is shown that, with the cyclotron resonance conditions satisfied, the photoconductivity signal is composed of cyclotron-resonance and bolometric components. However, in this case too, the bolometric contribution predominates.

    Vasilyev, Yu. B., E-mail: yu.vasilyev@mail.ioffe.ru [Russian Academy of Sciences, Ioffe Physical-Technical Institute (Russian Federation); Mikhailov, N. N. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Rzhanov Institute of Semiconductor Physics, Siberian Branch (Russian Federation); Gouider, F. [Institut fuer Angewandte Physik (Germany); Vasilyeva, G. Yu. [St. Petersburg State Polytechnic University (Russian Federation); Nachtwei, G. [Institut fuer Angewandte Physik (Germany)

    2012-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    191

    Consistent Cosmology, Dynamic Relativity and Causal Quantum Mechanics as Unified Manifestations of the Symmetry of Complexity  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The universal symmetry, or conservation, of complexity underlies any law or principle of system dynamics and describes the unceasing transformation of dynamic information into dynamic entropy as the unique way to conserve their sum, the total dynamic complexity. Here we describe the real world structure emergence and dynamics as manifestation of the universal symmetry of complexity of initially homogeneous interaction between two protofields. It provides the unified complex-dynamic, causally complete origin of physically real, 3D space, time, elementary particles, their properties (mass, charge, spin, etc.), quantum, relativistic, and classical behaviour, as well as fundamental interaction forces, including naturally quantized gravitation. The old and new cosmological problems (including "dark" mass and energy) are basically solved for this explicitly emerging, self-tuning world structure characterised by strictly positive (and large) energy-complexity. A general relation is obtained between the numbers of world dimensions and fundamental forces, excluding plausible existence of hidden dimensions. The unified, causally explained quantum, classical, and relativistic properties (and types of behaviour) are generalised to all higher levels of complex world dynamics. The real world structure, dynamics, and evolution are exactly reproduced by the probabilistic dynamical fractal, which is obtained as the truly complete general solution of a problem and the unique structure of the new mathematics of complexity. We outline particular, problem-solving applications of always exact, but irregularly structured symmetry of unreduced dynamic complexity to microworld dynamics, including particle physics, genuine quantum chaos, real nanobiotechnology, and reliable genomics.

    Andrei P. Kirilyuk

    2014-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

    192

    A Simple Quantum-Mechanical Model of Spacetime I: Microscopic Properties of Spacetime  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    This is the first part in a series of two papers, where we consider a specific microscopic model of spacetime. In our model Planck size quantum black holes are taken to be the fundamental building blocks of space and time. Spacetime is assumed to be a graph, where black holes lie on the vertices. In this first paper we construct our model in details, and show how classical spacetime emerges at the long distance limit from our model. We also consider the statistics of spacetime.

    J. Makela

    2009-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

    193

    E=mc2  

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation Proposed NewcatalystNeutron scattering characterizes dynamics inE-print to the ,ForE2II E=mc2

    194

    McPhD  

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: VegetationEquipment Surfaces andMapping the Nanoscale LandscapeImportsBG4, 2012 1:00 - 2:00YMcPhD McPhD

    195

    Comment on [open quotes]Nonlocality, counterfactuals, and quantum mechanics[close quotes  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    A recent proof [H. P. Stapp, Am. J. Phys. [bold 65], 300 (1997)], formulated in the symbolic language of modal logic, claims to show that contemporary quantum theory, viewed as a set of rules that allow us to calculate statistical predictions among certain kinds of observations, cannot be imbedded in any rational framework that conforms to the principles that (1) the experimenters[close quote] choices of which experiments they will perform can be considered to be free choices, (2) outcomes of measurements are unique, and (3) the free choices just mentioned have no backward-in-time effects of any kind. This claim is similar to Bell[close quote]s theorem, but much stronger, because no reality assumption alien to quantum philosophy is used. The paper being commented on [W. Unruh, Phys. Rev. A [bold 59], 126 (1999)] argues that some such reality assumption has been [open quotes]smuggled[close quotes] in. That argument is examined here and shown, I believe, to be defective. [copyright] [ital 1999] [ital The American Physical Society

    Stapp, H.P. (Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, University of California at Berkely, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States))

    1999-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    196

    Small-energy series for one-dimensional quantum-mechanical models with non-symmetric potentials  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    We generalize a recently proposed small-energy expansion for one-dimensional quantum-mechanical models. The original approach was devised to treat symmetric potentials and here we show how to extend it to non-symmetric ones. Present approach is based on matching the logarithmic derivatives for the left and right solutions to the Schr\\"odinger equation at the origin (or any other point chosen conveniently) . As in the original method, each logarithmic derivative can be expanded in a small-energy series by straightforward perturbation theory. We test the new approach on four simple models, one of which is not exactly solvable. The perturbation expansion converges in all the illustrative examples so that one obtains the ground-state energy with an accuracy determined by the number of available perturbation corrections.

    Paolo Amore; Francisco M. Fernández

    2014-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

    197

    Beyond quantum mechanics? Hunting the 'impossible' atoms (Pauli Exclusion Principle violation and spontaneous collapse of the wave function at test)  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The development of mathematically complete and consistent models solving the so-called "measurement problem", strongly renewed the interest of the scientific community for the foundations of quantum mechanics, among these the Dynamical Reduction Models posses the unique characteristic to be experimentally testable. In the first part of the paper an upper limit on the reduction rate parameter of such models will be obtained, based on the analysis of the X-ray spectrum emitted by an isolated slab of germanium and measured by the IGEX experiment. The second part of the paper is devoted to present the results of the VIP (Violation of the Pauli exclusion principle) experiment and to describe its recent upgrade. The VIP experiment established a limit on the probability that the Pauli Exclusion Principle (PEP) is violated by electrons, using the very clean method of searching for PEP forbidden atomic transitions in copper.

    Piscicchia, K; Bartalucci, S; Bassi, A; Bertolucci, S; Berucci, C; Bragadireanu, A M; Cargnelli, M; Clozza, A; De Paolis, L; Di Matteo, S; Donadi, S; d'Uffizi, A; Egger, J-P; Guaraldo, C; Iliescu, M; Ishiwatari, T; Laubenstein, M; Marton, J; Milotti, E; Pietreanu, D; Ponta, T; Sbardella, E; Scordo, A; Shi, H; Sirghi, D L; Sirghi, F; Sperandio, L; Doce, O Vazquez; Zmeskal, J

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    198

    The McCoy List  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The McCoy List A pub Iicat ion of The DeFores t Ke1 ley Fan Communique 3717 S. LaCienega Blvd. #29 1nglewood, CA 90301 The McCoy List Introduction Hi, If you're a Doctor McCoy fan, you're going io find the following pages a treasure trove... of informat ion. Not only have we listed every McCoy story we could find (including those where he is featured promtnently), but have also given you a thumbnai1 synopsis of what the story is about. If you're hooked on a certain writer like Connie Faddis...

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    199

    6.728 Applied Quantum and Statistical Physics, Fall 2002  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elementary quantum mechanics and statistical physics. Introduces applied quantum physics. Emphasizes experimental basis for quantum mechanics. Applies Schrodinger's equation to the free particle, tunneling, the harmonic ...

    Bulovic, Vladimir, 1970-

    200

    A bird's eye view of quantum computers  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Quantum computers are discussed in the general framework of computation, the laws of physics and the foundations of quantum mechanics.

    Giuliano Benenti; Giuliano Strini

    2007-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

    Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mc quantum mechanics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
    While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
    they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
    We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
    to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


    201

    Noncommutative quantum mechanics of a harmonic oscillator under linearized gravitational waves  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    We consider the quantum dynamics of a harmonic oscillator in noncommutative space under the influence of linearized gravitational waves (GW) in the long wave-length and low-velocity limit. Following the prescription in \\cite{ncgw1} we quantize the system. The Hamiltonian of the system is solved by using standard algebraic iterative methods. The solution shows signatures of the coordinate noncommutativity via alterations in the oscillation frequency of the harmonic oscillator system from its commutative counterpart. Moreover, it is found that the response of the harmonic oscillator to periodic GW, when their frequencies match, will oscillate with a time scale imposed by the NC parameter. We expect this noncommutative signature to show up as some noise source in the GW detection experiments since the recent phenomenological upper-bounds set on spatial noncommutative parameter implies a length-scale comparable to the length-variations due to the passage of gravitational waves, detectable in the present day GW detectors.

    Anirban Saha; Sunandan Gangopadhyay; Swarup Saha

    2011-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

    202

    Applied quantum mechanics 1 Applied Quantum Mechanics  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    t an t n e int­ n = . If an t can be expressed as a power series in the perturbing potential then W^ x) A particle of mass m0 is initially in the ground state of a one dimensional har- monic oscillator. At time limit, t . Problem 8.2 An electron is in the ground state of a one-dimensional rectangular potential

    Levi, Anthony F. J.

    203

    Applied quantum mechanics 1 Applied Quantum Mechanics  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    that describe the time-dependent state . If can be expressed as a power series in the perturbing potential of a one dimensional har- monic oscillator. At time t = 0 a perturbation is applied where V0-dimensional rectangular potential well for which in the range and elsewhere. It is decided to control the state

    Levi, Anthony F. J.

    204

    Applied quantum mechanics 1 Applied Quantum Mechanics  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -dimensional har- monic potential and is subject to an oscillating electric field . (a) Write down the Hamiltonian oscillator potential in terms of momentum and position . (b) If one defines new operators show of mass m in a one-dimensional harmonic oscillator potential. (b) Find the value of the product

    Levi, Anthony F. J.

    205

    Quantum Chemical Simulations Reveal Acetylene-Based Growth Mechanisms in the Chemical Vapor Deposition Synthesis of Carbon Nanotubes  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nonequilibrium quantum chemical molecular dynamics (QM/MD) simulation of early stages in the nucleation process of carbon nanotubes from acetylene feedstock on an Fe38 cluster was performed based on the density-functional tight-binding (DFTB) potential. Representative chemical reactions were studied by complimentary static DFTB and density functional theory (DFT) calculations. Oligomerization and cross-linking reactions between carbon chains were found as the main reaction pathways similar to that suggested in previous experimental work. The calculations highlight the inhibiting effect of hydrogen for the condensation of carbon ring networks, and a propensity for hydrogen disproportionation, thus enriching the hydrogen content in already hydrogen-rich species and abstracting hydrogen content in already hydrogen-deficient clusters. The ethynyl radical C2H was found as a reactive, yet continually regenerated species, facilitating hydrogen transfer reactions across the hydrocarbon clusters. The nonequilibrium QM/MD simulations show the prevalence of a pentagon-first nucleation mechanism where hydrogen may take the role of one arm of an sp2 carbon Y-junction. The results challenge the importance of the metal carbide formation for SWCNT cap nucleation in the VLS model and suggest possible alternative routes following hydrogen-abstraction acetylene addition (HACA)-like mechanisms commonly discussed in combustion synthesis.

    Eres, Gyula [ORNL] [ORNL; Wang, Ying [Nagoya University, Japan] [Nagoya University, Japan; Gao, Xingfa [Institute of High Energy Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China] [Institute of High Energy Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China; Qian, Hu-Jun [Jilin University, Changchun] [Jilin University, Changchun; Ohta, Yasuhito [Fukui Institute of Fundamental Chemistry, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8103, Japan] [Fukui Institute of Fundamental Chemistry, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8103, Japan; Wu, Xiaona [Nagoya University, Japan] [Nagoya University, Japan; Morokuma, Keiji [Fukui Institute of Fundamental Chemistry, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8103, Japan] [Fukui Institute of Fundamental Chemistry, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8103, Japan; Irle, Stephan [WPI-Institute of Transformative Bio-Molecules and Department of Chemistry, Nagoya University, Japan] [WPI-Institute of Transformative Bio-Molecules and Department of Chemistry, Nagoya University, Japan

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    206

    Representation of quantum mechanical resonances in the Lax-Phillips Hilbert space  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    We discuss the quantum Lax-Phillips theory of scattering and unstable systems. In this framework, the decay of an unstable system is described by a semigroup. The spectrum of the generator of the semigroup corresponds to the singularities of the Lax-Phillips S-matrix. In the case of discrete (complex) spectrum of the generator of the semigroup, associated with resonances, the decay law is exactly exponential. The states corresponding to these resonances (eigenfunctions of the generator of the semigroup) lie in the Lax-Phillips Hilbert space, and therefore all physical properties of the resonant states can be computed. We show that the Lax-Phillips S-matrix is unitarily related to the S-matrix of standard scattering theory by a unitary transformation parametrized by the spectral variable ? of the Lax-Phillips theory. Analytic continuation in ? has some of the properties of a method developed some time ago for application to dilation analytic potentials. We work out an illustrative example using a Lee-Friedrichs model for the underlying dynamical system.

    Strauss, Y.; Horwitz, L. P.; Eisenberg, E.

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    207

    Quantum discord is Bohr’s notion of non-mechanical disturbance introduced to counter the Einstein–Podolsky–Rosen argument  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    By rigorously formalizing the Einstein–Podolsky–Rosen (EPR) argument, and Bohr’s reply, one can appreciate that both arguments were technically correct. Their opposed conclusions about the completeness of quantum mechanics hinged upon an explicit difference in their criteria for when a measurement on Alice’s system can be regarded as not disturbing Bob’s system. The EPR criteria allow their conclusion–incompleteness–to be reached by establishing the physical reality of just a single observable q (not of both q and its conjugate observable p), but I show that Bohr’s definition of disturbance prevents the EPR chain of reasoning from establishing even this. Moreover, I show that Bohr’s definition is intimately related to the asymmetric concept of quantum discord from quantum information theory: if and only if the joint state has no Alice-discord, she can measure any observable without disturbing (in Bohr’s sense) Bob’s system. Discord can be present even when systems are unentangled, and this has implications for our understanding of the historical development of notions of quantum nonlocality. -- Highlights: •Both the EPR argument, and Bohr’s reply, were technically correct. •Their opposed conclusions came from different criteria for disturbance. •Bohr’s criterion works against even the simplified (one-variable) EPR argument. •Bohr’s criterion for disturbance is intimately related to quantum discord. •This illuminates the historical development of notions of quantum nonlocality.

    Wiseman, Howard M., E-mail: H.Wiseman@Griffith.edu.au

    2013-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    208

    Asymptotic Freedom, Dimensional Transmutation, and an Infra-red Conformal Fixed Point for the $?$-Function Potential in 1-dimensional Relativistic Quantum Mechanics  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    We consider the Schr\\"odinger equation for a relativistic point particle in an external 1-dimensional $\\delta$-function potential. Using dimensional regularization, we investigate both bound and scattering states, and we obtain results that are consistent with the abstract mathematical theory of self-adjoint extensions of the pseudo-differential operator $H = \\sqrt{p^2 + m^2}$. Interestingly, this relatively simple system is asymptotically free. In the massless limit, it undergoes dimensional transmutation and it possesses an infra-red conformal fixed point. Thus it can be used to illustrate non-trivial concepts of quantum field theory in the simpler framework of relativistic quantum mechanics.

    M. H. Al-Hashimi; A. M. Shalaby; U. -J. Wiese

    2014-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

    209

    Quantum Thermodynamic Cycles and Quantum Heat Engines (II)  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    We study the quantum mechanical generalization of force or pressure, and then we extend the classical thermodynamic isobaric process to quantum mechanical systems. Based on these efforts, we are able to study the quantum version of thermodynamic cycles that consist of quantum isobaric process, such as quantum Brayton cycle and quantum Diesel cycle. We also consider the implementation of quantum Brayton cycle and quantum Diesel cycle with some model systems, such as single particle in 1D box and single-mode radiation field in a cavity. These studies lay the microscopic (quantum mechanical) foundation for Szilard-Zurek single molecule engine.

    H. T. Quan

    2009-03-09T23:59:59.000Z

    210

    Quantum correlation between the selection of the problem and that of the solution sheds light on the mechanism of the quantum speed-up  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    In classical problem solving, there is, of course, correlation between the selection of the problem on the part of Bob (the problem setter) and that of the solution on the part of Alice (the problem solver). In quantum problem solving, this correlation becomes quantum. This means that Alice contributes to selecting 50% of the information that specifies the problem. As the solution is a function of the problem, this gives to Alice advanced knowledge of 50% of the information that specifies the solution. Both the quadratic and exponential speed-ups are explained by the fact that quantum algorithms start from this advanced knowledge.

    Castagnoli, Giuseppe [Via San Bernardo 9/A, I-16030 Pieve Ligure (Genova) (Italy)

    2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    211

    Quantum mechanical study of solvent effects in a prototype S{sub N}2 reaction in solution: Cl{sup ?} attack on CH{sub 3}Cl  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    The nucleophilic attack of a chloride ion on methyl chloride is an important prototype S{sub N}2 reaction in organic chemistry that is known to be sensitive to the effects of the surrounding solvent. Herein, we develop a highly accurate Specific Reaction Parameter (SRP) model based on the Austin Model 1 Hamiltonian for chlorine to study the effects of solvation into an aqueous environment on the reaction mechanism. To accomplish this task, we apply high-level quantum mechanical calculations to study the reaction in the gas phase and combined quantum mechanical/molecular mechanical simulations with TIP3P and TIP4P-ew water models and the resulting free energy profiles are compared with those determined from simulations using other fast semi-empirical quantum models. Both gas phase and solution results with the SRP model agree very well with experiment and provide insight into the specific role of solvent on the reaction coordinate. Overall, the newly parameterized SRP Hamiltonian is able to reproduce both the gas phase and solution phase barriers, suggesting it is an accurate and robust model for simulations in the aqueous phase at greatly reduced computational cost relative to comparably accurate ab initio and density functional models.

    Kuechler, Erich R. [BioMaPS Institute and Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, Rutgers University, Piscataway, New Jersey 08854-8087 (United States) [BioMaPS Institute and Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, Rutgers University, Piscataway, New Jersey 08854-8087 (United States); Department of Chemistry, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55455-0431 (United States); York, Darrin M., E-mail: york@biomaps.rutgers.edu [BioMaPS Institute and Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, Rutgers University, Piscataway, New Jersey 08854-8087 (United States)

    2014-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

    212

    Copenhagen Quantum Mechanics Emerges from a Deterministic Schroedinger Theory in 11 Dimensional Spacetime Including Weak Field Gravitation  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    We construct a world model consisting of a matter field living in 4 dimensional spacetime and a gravitational field living in 11 dimensional spacetime. The seven hidden dimensions are compactified within a radius estimated by reproducing the particle - wave characteristic of diffraction experiments. In the presence of matter fields the gravitational field develops localized modes with elementary excitations called gravonons which are induced by the sources (massive particles). The final world model treated here contains only gravonons and a scalar matter field. The solution of the Schroedinger equation for the world model yields matter fields which are localized in the 4 dimensional subspace. The localization has the following properties: (i) There is a chooser mechanism for the selection of the localization site. (ii) The chooser selects one site on the basis of minor energy differences and differences in the gravonon structure between the sites, which appear statistical. (iii) The changes from one localization site to a neighbouring one take place in a telegraph-signal like manner. (iv) The times at which telegraph like jumps occur dependent on subtleties of the gravonon structure which appear statistical. (v) The fact that the dynamical law acts in the configuration space of fields living in 11 dimensional spacetime lets the events observed in 4 dimensional spacetime appear non-local. In this way the phenomenology of Copenhagen quantum mechanics is obtained without the need of introducing the process of collapse and a probabilistic interpretation of the wave function. Operators defining observables need not be introduced. All experimental findings are explained in a deterministic way as a consequence of the time development of the wave function in configuration space according to Schroedinger's equation.

    Gerold Doyen; Deiana Drakova

    2014-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

    213

    John McDonald- Biography  

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Mr. McDonald has more than 34 years of nuclear related experience with DOE contractors at the Hanford site, commercial nuclear power industry at multiple facilities, and served as an officer in the US Navy submarine program.

    214

    Computer as a physical system: a microscopic quantum mechanical Hamiltonian model of computers represented by Turing machines  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    A microscopic quantum mechanical model of computers as represented by Turing machines is constructed. It is shown that for each number N and Turing machine Q there exists a Hamiltonian H/sub N//sup Q/ and a class of appropriate initial states such that, if PSI/sub Q//sup N/(0) is such an initial state, then PSI/sub Q//sup N/(t) = exp(-iH/sub N//sup Q/t) PSI/sub Q//sup N/(0) correctly describes at times t/sub 3/, t/sub 6/,..., t/sub 3N/ model states that correspond to the completion of the first, second,..., Nth computation step of Q. The model parameters can be adjusted so that for an arbitrary time interval ..delta.. around t/sub 3/, t/sub 6/,..., t/sub 3N/, the machine part of PSI/sub Q//sup N/(t) is stationary. 1 figure.

    Benioff, P.

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    215

    MC4523 Sealed Cap: Component & characteristics development report  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    The MC4523 Sealed Cap is a WW42C1 Percussion Primer that is pressed into a steel cylinder. Hermaticity of the input end is then provided by welding a thin steel closure disk on the input end of the MC4523. Thus, the user is provided with a component that is prequalified in terms of ignition sensitivity and hermeticity. The first customer is the Thermal Battery Department (1522). The MC4523 will be used on the MC2736A Thermal Battery which in turn will be used on the W78 JTA. Attachment of the MC4523 to the battery is with a laser weld. Combined test results of four production lots at a commercial supplier (PPI, TMS, WR1, and WR2) show an all-fire ignition sensitivity (.999 @ 50%) of approximately 60 millijoules of mechanical energy with a 2.2 gram firing pin. The firing pin had an impact tip with a radius of 0.020 inch. This firing pin is like that to be used in the W78 JTA application. Approximately 112 millijoules of mechanical energy will be supplied in the application, thus the design margin is more than adequate.

    Begeal, D.R.

    1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    216

    Bohmian mechanics, the quantum-classical correspondence and the classical limit: the case of the square billiard  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Square billiards are quantum systems complying with the dynamical quantum-classical correspondence. Hence an initially localized wavefunction launched along a classical periodic orbit evolves along that orbit, the spreading of the quantum amplitude being controlled by the spread of the corresponding classical statistical distribution. We investigate wavepacket dynamics and compute the corresponding de Broglie-Bohm trajectories in the quantum square billiard. We also determine the trajectories and statistical distribution dynamics for the equivalent classical billiard. Individual Bohmian trajectories follow the streamlines of the probability flow and are generically non-classical. This can also hold even for short times, when the wavepacket is still localized along a classical trajectory. This generic feature of Bohmian trajectories is expected to hold in the classical limit. We further argue that in this context decoherence cannot constitute a viable solution in order to recover classicality.

    A. Matzkin

    2008-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

    217

    Frank McCoy- Biography  

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Frank McCoy is Senior Vice President for Nuclear Safety with URS Professional Solutions, where he personally provides management support and independent assessment services for URS involved nuclear projects, laboratories, and operations at almost every site in the DOE complex and at international sites in the UK and Canada.

    218

    Information KraftMcMillan  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CSC310 -- Information Theory Sam Roweis Lecture 3: Proving the Kraft­McMillan Inequalities) Modeling. We have to represent the stochastic behaviour of the source and the channel using probabilistic. Review: Mathematical Setup 3 . A stochastic source emits a sequence of symbols (from alphabet A) X = X1

    Roweis, Sam

    219

    MC Appliance: Order (2014-CE-20002)  

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE ordered MC Appliance Corporation to pay a $16,000 civil penalty after finding MC Appliance had failed to certify that certain models of residential clothes washers and residential clothes dryers comply with the applicable energy conservation standards.

    220

    McMASTER UNIVERSITY CONSOLIDATED BUDGET  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McMASTER UNIVERSITY 2011/12 CONSOLIDATED BUDGET Approved by the Board of Governors June 2011 #12;McMaster University Consolidated Budget for 2011/12 Table of Contents LIST OF TABLES .......................................... 13 THE BUDGET PROCESS

    Haykin, Simon

    Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mc quantum mechanics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
    While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
    they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
    We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
    to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


    221

    McMASTER UNIVERSITY CONSOLIDATED BUDGET  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McMASTER UNIVERSITY 2010/11 CONSOLIDATED BUDGET Approved by the Board of Governors June 2010 #12;McMaster University Consolidated Budget for 2010/11 Table of Contents LIST OF TABLES.................................................................................................................... 1 OPERATING FUND BUDGET

    Thompson, Michael

    222

    McMASTER UNIVERSITY CONSOLIDATED BUDGET  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McMASTER UNIVERSITY 2012/13 CONSOLIDATED BUDGET Approved by the Board of Governors June 7, 2012 #12;McMaster University Consolidated Budget for 2012/13 Table of Contents LIST OF TABLES .............................................................................................................. 6 THE BUDGET PROCESS

    Haykin, Simon

    223

    Mechanical properties and microstructures of dual phase steels containing silicon, aluminum and molybdenum  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    K. (1977). G. E. Dieter, Mechanical Metallurgy, McGraw-Hill,LBL-9047 MECHANICAL PROPERTIES AND MICROSTRUCTURES OF DUALB. Heat Treatment C. Mechanical Testing D. Microscopy

    Neill, Thomas John O'

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    224

    McKoOL SMITH Benjamin Levi  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McKoOL SMITH Benjamin Levi Direct Dial: (202) 370-8320 blevi@McKooISmith.com VIA HAND DELf Complaint for Commission use pursuant to 19 C.F.R. § 2 10.4(f)(2); McKool Smith A ProfessiOllll1 Corpora. Sincerely, ~I,..; Benjamin Levi Enclosures: 2 #12;McKoOL SMITH Benjamin Levi Direct Dial: (202) 370

    Baker, R. Jacob

    225

    Circumveiloped by Obscuritads. The nature of interpretation in quantum mechanics, hermeneutic circles and physical reality, with cameos of James Joyce and Jacques Derrida  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The quest for finding the right interpretation of Quantum Mechanics (QM) is as old als QM and still has not ended, and may never end. The question what an interpretation of QM is has hardly ever been raised explicitly, let alone answered. We raise it and answer it. Then the quest for the right interpretation can continue self-consciously, for we then know exactly what we are after. We present a list of minimal requirements that something has to meet in order to qualify as an interpretation of QM. We also raise, as a side issue, the question how the discourse on the interpretation of QM relates to hermeneutics in Continental Philosophy.

    F. A. Muller

    2014-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

    226

    Hydrogen storage in LiAlH4 : Predictions of the crystal structures and reaction mechanisms of intermediate phases from quantum mechanics  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hydrogen storage in LiAlH4 : Predictions of the crystal structures and reaction mechanisms in decomposition of the potential hydrogen storage material LiAlH4 . First, we explore the decomposition mechanism of monoclinic LiAlH4 into monoclinic Li3AlH6 plus face-centered cubic fcc Al and hydrogen. We find

    Goddard III, William A.

    227

    Remarks on an attempted axiomatisation of Quantum Mechanics, due to Lucien Hardy, and Ten Theses on Hilbert's Sixth Problem and Quantum Measurement  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    From the standpoint of Hilbert's Sixth Problem, which is the axiomatisation of Physics, the famous paper of Lucien Hardy's, Quantum Theory from Five Reasonable Axioms, is not relevant. The present paper argues that Hardy does not give a physical definition of `limit', and if we assume the usual mathematical definition of limit of a sequence, he fails to define a sequence in physical terms to which the usual definition is applicable. We argue that one should not, in fact, try to define probability in terms of the usual notion of limit of a sequence of results of a measurement because of seemingly insurmountable difficulties in axiomatising the notion of function or sequence in this context. Von Plato's and the authour's work (see http:arxiv.org/abs/quant-ph/0502124 and euclid.unh.edu/~jjohnson/axiomatics.html for larger context and further references) on the definition of physical probability needs to be used in this context. We conclude with ten theses on quantum measurement, from the standpoint of the Hilbert problem.

    Joseph F. Johnson

    2006-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

    228

    Quantum spin dynamics  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The classical Landau-Lifshitz equation has been derived from quantum mechanics. Starting point is the assumption of a non-Hermitian Hamilton operator to take the energy dissipation into account. The corresponding quantum mechanical time dependent Schr\\"odinger, Liouville and Heisenberg equation have been described and the similarities and differences between classical and quantum mechanical spin dynamics have been discussed. Furthermore, a time dependent Schr\\"odinger equation corresponding to the classical Landau-Lifshitz-Gilbert equation and two ways to include temperature into the quantum mechanical spin dynamics have been proposed.

    Robert Wieser

    2014-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

    229

    Fabrication of planar quantum magnetic disk structure using electron beam lithography, reactive ion etching, and chemical mechanical polishing  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fabrication of planar quantum magnetic disk structure using electron beam lithography, reactive ion, Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55455 Received 2 June's size and location, and reactive ion etching was used to form an SiO2 template. Nickel electroplating

    230

    Contact Resistance for "End-Contacted" Metal-Graphene and Metal-Nanotube Interfaces from Quantum Mechanics  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ballistic conductance,12-14 and high thermal conductivity.15 Indeed, significant progress has been made layer graphene has been demonstrated to exhibit high electron mobility (15 000 cm2 /(V s)) and thermalContact Resistance for "End-Contacted" Metal-Graphene and Metal-Nanotube Interfaces from Quantum

    Goddard III, William A.

    231

    Ken McMullin | EMSL  

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsruc DocumentationP-SeriesFlickrinformation forTechnologiesDialysisKbarconnectionsKelseyMcMullin

    232

    Representations of finite groups The Alperin-McKay refinement  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Representations of finite groups The Alperin-McKay refinement The Isaacs-Navarro refinements The Mc-McKay refinement The Isaacs-Navarro refinements The basics Some history The McKay conjecture (for now) Let G groups The Alperin-McKay refinement The Isaacs-Navarro refinements The basics Some history The Mc

    Cossey, James P.

    233

    Some foundational aspects of quantum computers and quantum robots.  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    This paper addresses foundational issues related to quantum computing. The need for a universally valid theory such as quantum mechanics to describe to some extent its own validation is noted. This includes quantum mechanical descriptions of systems that do theoretical calculations (i.e. quantum computers) and systems that perform experiments. Quantum robots interacting with an environment are a small first step in this direction. Quantum robots are described here as mobile quantum systems with on-board quantum computers that interact with environments. Included are discussions on the carrying out of tasks and the division of tasks into computation and action phases. Specific models based on quantum Turing machines are described. Differences and similarities between quantum robots plus environments and quantum computers are discussed.

    Benioff, P.; Physics

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    234

    Quantum Computing, Metrology, and Imaging  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Information science is entering into a new era in which certain subtleties of quantum mechanics enables large enhancements in computational efficiency and communication security. Naturally, precise control of quantum systems required for the implementation of quantum information processing protocols implies potential breakthoughs in other sciences and technologies. We discuss recent developments in quantum control in optical systems and their applications in metrology and imaging.

    Hwang Lee; Pavel Lougovski; Jonathan P. Dowling

    2005-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

    235

    Quantum loop programs  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loop is a powerful program construct in classical computation, but its power is still not exploited fully in quantum computation. The exploitation of such power definitely requires a deep understanding of the mechanism of quantum loop programs. In this paper, we introduce a general scheme of quantum loops and describe its computational process. The notions of termination and almost termination are proposed for quantum loops, and the function computed by a quantum loop is defined. To show their expressive power, quantum loops are applied in describing quantum walks. Necessary and sufficient conditions for termination and almost termination of a general quantum loop on any mixed input state are presented. A quantum loop is said to be (almost) terminating if it (almost) terminates on any input state. We show that a quantum loop is almost terminating if and only if it is uniformly almost terminating. It is observed that a small disturbance either on the unitary transformation in the loop body or on the measurement in the loop guard can make any quantum loop (almost) terminating. Moreover, a representation of the function computed by a quantum loop is given in terms of finite summations of matrices. To illustrate the notions and results obtained in this paper, two simplest classes of quantum loop programs, one qubit quantum loops, and two qubit quantum loops defined by controlled gates, are carefully examined.

    Mingsheng Ying; Yuan Feng

    2007-01-04T23:59:59.000Z

    236

    Quantum information processing in continuous time  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Quantum mechanical computers can solve certain problems asymptotically faster than any classical computing device. Several fast quantum algorithms are known, but the nature of quantum speedup is not well understood, and ...

    Childs, Andrew MacGregor, 1977-

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    237

    North Carolina Nuclear Profile - McGuire  

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    McGuire" "Unit","Summer capacity (mw)","Net generation (thousand mwh)","Summer capacity factor (percent)","Type","Commercial operation date","License expiration date"...

    238

    James E McClure: Publications  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    [2], James E. McClure and Jeffrey H. Smith. Operads and cosimplicial objects: an introduction. In Axiomatic, enriched and motivic homotopy theory, volume 131 ...

    239

    T-688: McAfee Security Bulletin - McAfee SaaS Endpoint Protection...  

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    on the target user's system. PLATFORM: Endpoint Protection 5.2.1 and prior versions ABSTRACT: McAfee Security Bulletin - McAfee SaaS Endpoint Protection update fixes multiple...

    240

    A novel thermomechanical energy conversion cycle Ian M. McKinley, Felix Y. Lee, Laurent Pilon  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A novel thermomechanical energy conversion cycle Ian M. McKinley, Felix Y. Lee, Laurent Pilon of a novel cycle converting thermal and mechanical energy directly into electrical energy. The new cycle is adaptable to changing thermal and mechanical conditions. The new cycle can generate electrical power

    Pilon, Laurent

    Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mc quantum mechanics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
    While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
    they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
    We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
    to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


    241

    Quantum Biology  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A critical assessment of the recent developments of molecular biology is presented. The thesis that they do not lead to a conceptual understanding of life and biological systems is defended. Maturana and Varela's concept of autopoiesis is briefly sketched and its logical circularity avoided by postulating the existence of underlying {\\it living processes}, entailing amplification from the microscopic to the macroscopic scale, with increasing complexity in the passage from one scale to the other. Following such a line of thought, the currently accepted model of condensed matter, which is based on electrostatics and short-ranged forces, is criticized. It is suggested that the correct interpretation of quantum dispersion forces (van der Waals, hydrogen bonding, and so on) as quantum coherence effects hints at the necessity of including long-ranged forces (or mechanisms for them) in condensed matter theories of biological processes. Some quantum effects in biology are reviewed and quantum mechanics is acknowledged as conceptually important to biology since without it most (if not all) of the biological structures and signalling processes would not even exist. Moreover, it is suggested that long-range quantum coherent dynamics, including electron polarization, may be invoked to explain signal amplification process in biological systems in general.

    Alessandro Sergi

    2009-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

    242

    Quantum Mechanical Treatment of Variable Molecular Composition: From "Alchemical" Changes of State Functions to Rational Compound Design  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    "Alchemical" interpolation paths, i.e.~coupling systems along fictitious paths that without realistic correspondence, are frequently used within materials and molecular modeling and simulation protocols for the estimation of relative changes in state functions such as free energies. We discuss alchemical changes in the context of quantum chemistry, and present illustrative numerical results for the changes of HOMO eigenvalues of the He atom due to a linear alchemical teleportation---the simultaneous annihilation and creation of nuclear charges at different locations. To demonstrate the predictive power of alchemical first order derivatives (Hellmann-Feynman) the covalent bond potential of hydrogen fluoride and hydrogen chloride is investigated, as well as the van-der-Waals binding in the water-water and water-hydrogen fluoride dimer, respectively. Based on converged electron densities for one configuration, the versatility of alchemical derivatives is exemplified for the screening of entire binding potentials...

    Chang, K Y Samuel

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    243

    Presented by: Gerry McCartney  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Pharmacy ·Marshall Martin, Agricultural Economics ·George McCabe, Statistics ·Gerry McCartney, CIO ·David management oDesktop energy management oShared departmental applications #12;OVPIT UNITS REPORTING IT COST SAVINGS GENERAL FUNDS Unit Actual IT Reduction To Date Advancement 29,754$ Agriculture 22,191$ Business

    244

    Curriculum Vitae William F. McDonough  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Curriculum Vitae William F. McDonough Notarization. I have read the following and certify that this curriculum vitae is a current and accurate statement of my professional record. Signature_____________________________________ Date______________________ #12;McDonough: Page 2 of 34 Curriculum Vitae I. PERSONAL INFORMATION Name

    Mcdonough, William F.

    245

    Douglas W. McCowan Publications  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ­1538. McCowan, D. W., Glover, P., and Alexander, S. S., 1978, A crust and upper mantle structure for Novaya­544. McCowan, D. W., Glover, P., and Alexander, S. S., 1977, A static and dynamic finite element analysis., and Glover, P., 1973, Numerical calcul

    Yang, Zong-Liang

    246

    Buffy McKinley Oral History  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oral history interview with Buffy McKinley conducted by Sean Manning in Lawrence, Kansas, on May 11, 2010. In this interview, Buffy McKinley discusses her experiences with the Wiccan/pagan community in Lawrence, Kansas. This interview was conducted...

    McKinley, Buffy; Manning, Sean

    2010-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

    247

    McGill University School of Architecture  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McGill University School of Architecture Architecture, Design, and Environments 15-16 January 2008 Michael Jemtrud, Associate Professor and Director McGill University School of Architecture, Montréal;Vernacular Architecture and Community Design · Robert Mellin, Associate Professor · Griffintown Studio #12

    Barthelat, Francois

    248

    MC and A instrumentation catalog  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    In 1981 and 1985, two editions of a catalog of non-destructive nuclear measurement instrumentation, and material control and surveillance equipment, were published by Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL). The last edition of the catalog included one hundred and twenty-five entries covering a wide range of devices developed in the US and abroad. More than ten years have elapsed since the publication of the more recent Catalog. Devices described in it have undergone significant modifications, and new devices have been developed. Therefore, in order to assist specialists in the field of Material Control and Accounting (MC and A), a new catalog has been created. Work on this instrumentation catalog started in 1997 as a cooperative effort of Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), operated by Brookhaven Science Associates under contract to the US Department of Energy, and the All-Russian Research Institute of Automatics (VNIIA), subordinate institute of the Atomic Energy Ministry of the Russian Federation, within the collaborative US-Russia Material Protection, Control, and Accounting (MPC and A) Program. Most of the equipment included in the Catalog are non-destructive assay (NDA) measurement devices employed for purposes of accounting, confirmation, and verification of nuclear materials. Other devices also included in the Catalog are employed in the detection and deterrence of unauthorized access to or removal of nuclear materials (material control: containment and surveillance). Equipment found in the Catalog comprises either: (1) complete devices or systems that can be used for MC and A applications; or (2) parts or components of complete systems, such as multi-channel analyzers, detectors, neutron generators, and software. All devices are categorized by their status of development--from prototype to serial production.

    Neymotin, L. [ed.] [Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States); Sviridova, V. [ed.] [All-Russian Research Inst. of Automatics, Moscow (Russian Federation)

    1998-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    249

    Numerical Modeling At Dixie Valley Geothermal Area (McKenna ...  

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    McKenna & Blackwell, 2003) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Numerical Modeling At Dixie Valley Geothermal Area (McKenna &...

    250

    The Quantum Frontier  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The success of the abstract model of computation, in terms of bits, logical operations, programming language constructs, and the like, makes it easy to forget that computation is a physical process. Our cherished notions of computation and information are grounded in classical mechanics, but the physics underlying our world is quantum. In the early 80s researchers began to ask how computation would change if we adopted a quantum mechanical, instead of a classical mechanical, view of computation. Slowly, a new picture of computation arose, one that gave rise to a variety of faster algorithms, novel cryptographic mechanisms, and alternative methods of communication. Small quantum information processing devices have been built, and efforts are underway to build larger ones. Even apart from the existence of these devices, the quantum view on information processing has provided significant insight into the nature of computation and information, and a deeper understanding of the physics of our universe and its connections with computation. We start by describing aspects of quantum mechanics that are at the heart of a quantum view of information processing. We give our own idiosyncratic view of a number of these topics in the hopes of correcting common misconceptions and highlighting aspects that are often overlooked. A number of the phenomena described were initially viewed as oddities of quantum mechanics. It was quantum information processing, first quantum cryptography and then, more dramatically, quantum computing, that turned the tables and showed that these oddities could be put to practical effect. It is these application we describe next. We conclude with a section describing some of the many questions left for future work, especially the mysteries surrounding where the power of quantum information ultimately comes from.

    Joseph F. Fitzsimons; Eleanor G. Rieffel; Valerio Scarani

    2013-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

    251

    Mimicking Time Evolution within a Quantum Ground State: Ground-State Quantum Computation, Cloning, and Teleportation  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ground-state quantum computers mimic quantum mechanical time evolution within the amplitudes of a time-independent quantum state. We explore the principles that constrain this mimicking. A no-cloning argument is found to impose strong restrictions. It is shown, however, that there is flexibility that can be exploited using quantum teleportation methods to improve ground-state quantum computer design.

    Ari Mizel

    2003-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

    252

    MC Appliance: Proposed Penalty (2014-CE-20002)  

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that MC Appliance Corporation failed to certify residential clothes washers and residential clothes dryers as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards.

    253

    Simulazioni MC e MD February 8, 2006  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -Nr . Nel caso di un sistema atermico, come le sfere dure, il metodo MC e' particolarmente semplice: le equazioni del modo introduce rumore numerico, che puo' generare una cattiva conservazione di E. Esistono

    Zaccarelli, Emanuela

    254

    McMaster University Department of Philosophy,  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McMaster University Department of Philosophy, Graduate Program in Gender Studies & Feminist in Philosophy & Gender Studies Professor of Philosophy, University of Alberta "Child, Birth: Represen:ng Pain

    Thompson, Michael

    255

    Joseph A. McBrearty- Biography  

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Joseph McBrearty joined the Office of Science in August 2010 immediately upon retiring from a 30-year career in the U.S. Navy, where he specialized in nuclear propulsion and nuclear weapons systems, training, control and safety.

    256

    Trajectories without quantum uncertainties  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A common knowledge suggests that trajectories of particles in quantum mechanics always have quantum uncertainties. These quantum uncertainties set by the Heisenberg uncertainty principle limit precision of measurements of fields and forces, and ultimately give rise to the standard quantum limit in metrology. With the rapid developments of sensitivity of measurements these limits have been approached in various types of measurements including measurements of fields and acceleration. Here we show that a quantum trajectory of one system measured relatively to the other "reference system" with an effective negative mass can be quantum uncertainty--free. The method crucially relies on the generation of an Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen entangled state of two objects, one of which has an effective negative mass. From a practical perspective these ideas open the way towards force and acceleration measurements at new levels of sensitivity far below the standard quantum limit.

    Eugene S. Polzik; Klemens Hammerer

    2014-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

    257

    Supersymmetric quantum solution for FRW cosmological model with matter  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Using technique of supersymmetric quantum mechanics we present new cosmological quantum solution, in the regime for FRW cosmological model using a barotropic perfect fluid as matter field.

    J. Socorro

    2001-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

    258

    34 McCormick / spring Lead mechanical engineer, Titan Aerospace  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and solar panels. Anyway, I learned about the job through a solar car listserv. I contacted him and becameCormick: What does Titan Aerospace do? Cornew: Titan Aerospace is a startup that designs and builds solar-powered unmanned aerial vehicles, or drones. Our long-term goal is to build solar-powered UAVs that could stay

    Chen, Wei

    259

    Nonlinear Quantum Gravity  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nonlinear quantum mechanics at the Planck scale can produce nonlocal effects contributing to resolution of singularities, to cosmic acceleration, and modified black-hole dynamics, while avoiding the usual causality issues.

    George Svetlichny

    2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    260

    The Campaign for McMaster University The Campaign for McMaster University  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Master University · Financial Procedure for Research Grants · Indirect Costs Associated with Research Funding fromThe Campaign for McMaster University The Campaign for McMaster University Research Integrity Policy Orientation Michelle Bennett University Secretariat Kimberly Mason Office of Academic Integrity Kathy Charters

    Hitchcock, Adam P.

    Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mc quantum mechanics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
    While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
    they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
    We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
    to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


    261

    Superradiant Quantum Heat Engine  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Quantum physics has revolutionized the classical disciplines of mechanics, statistical physics, and electrodynamics. It modernized our society with many advances such as lasers and transistors. One branch of scientific knowledge however seems untouched: thermodynamics. Major motivation behind thermodynamics is to develop efficient heat engines. Technology has a trend to miniaturize engines, reaching to the quantum regimes. Inevitably, development of quantum heat engines (QHEs) requires investigations of thermodynamical principles from quantum mechanical perspective, and motivates the emerging field of quantum thermodynamics. Studies of QHEs debate on whether quantum coherence can be used as a resource. We explore an alternative that quantum coherence can be a catalyst. We propose a QHE which consists of a photon gas inside an optical cavity as the working fluid and quantum coherent atomic clusters as the fuel. Utilizing the superradiance, where a cluster can radiate quadratically faster than a single atom, we show that the work capability of the QHE becomes proportional to the square of the number of the atoms. In addition to practical value of cranking up a QHE, our results reveal a fundamental difference of a quantum fuel from its classical counterpart.

    Ali Ü. C. Hardal; Özgür E. Müstecapl?oglu

    2015-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

    262

    Quantum physics meets biology  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Quantum physics and biology have long been regarded as unrelated disciplines, describing nature at the inanimate microlevel on the one hand and living species on the other hand. Over the last decades the life sciences have succeeded in providing ever more and refined explanations of macroscopic phenomena that were based on an improved understanding of molecular structures and mechanisms. Simultaneously, quantum physics, originally rooted in a world view of quantum coherences, entanglement and other non-classical effects, has been heading towards systems of increasing complexity. The present perspective article shall serve as a pedestrian guide to the growing interconnections between the two fields. We recapitulate the generic and sometimes unintuitive characteristics of quantum physics and point to a number of applications in the life sciences. We discuss our criteria for a future quantum biology, its current status, recent experimental progress and also the restrictions that nature imposes on bold extrapolations of quantum theory to macroscopic phenomena.

    Markus Arndt; Thomas Juffmann; Vlatko Vedral

    2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    263

    Photonic quantum technologies  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The first quantum technology, which harnesses uniquely quantum mechanical effects for its core operation, has arrived in the form of commercially available quantum key distribution systems that achieve enhanced security by encoding information in photons such that information gained by an eavesdropper can be detected. Anticipated future quantum technologies include large-scale secure networks, enhanced measurement and lithography, and quantum information processors, promising exponentially greater computation power for particular tasks. Photonics is destined for a central role in such technologies owing to the need for high-speed transmission and the outstanding low-noise properties of photons. These technologies may use single photons or quantum states of bright laser beams, or both, and will undoubtably apply and drive state-of-the-art developments in photonics.

    Jeremy L. O'Brien; Akira Furusawa; Jelena Vu?kovi?

    2010-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

    264

    Amplified Quantum Transforms  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    In this thesis we investigate two new Amplified Quantum Transforms. In particular we create and analyze the Amplified Quantum Fourier Transform (Amplified-QFT) and the Amplified-Haar Wavelet Transform. First, we provide a brief history of quantum mechanics and quantum computing. Second, we examine the Amplified-QFT in detail and compare it against the Quantum Fourier Transform (QFT) and Quantum Hidden Subgroup (QHS) algorithms for solving the Local Period Problem. We calculate the probabilities of success of each algorithm and show the Amplified-QFT is quadratically faster than the QFT and QHS algorithms. Third, we examine the Amplified-QFT algorithm for solving The Local Period Problem with an Error Stream. Fourth, we produce an uncertainty relation for the Amplified-QFT algorithm. Fifth, we show how the Amplified-Haar Wavelet Transform can solve the Local Constant or Balanced Signal Decision Problem which is a generalization of the Deutsch-Jozsa algorithm.

    David Cornwell

    2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    265

    The Mechanized Verification of Garbage Collector Implementations  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abstract The Mechanized Verification of Garbage Collector Implementations Andrew Evan Mc complex, requiring a garbage collector. Garbage collectors are becoming increasingly sophis- ticated to adapt them to high-performance, concurrent and real-time applications, making internal collector

    266

    E-Print Network 3.0 - alas quantum wells Sample Search Results  

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    devices were... NANO EXPRESS Open Access Improvement of performance of InAs quantum dot solar cell by inserting... thin AlAs layers Dongzhi Hu1* , Claiborne CO McPheeters2 ,...

    267

    Study of the growth mechanisms of GaN/(Al, Ga)N quantum dots: Correlation between structural and optical properties  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    The ammonia-based molecular beam epitaxy of GaN/(Al, Ga)N quantum dots is investigated using reflection high-energy electron diffraction, atomic force microscopy, transmission electron microscopy and photoluminescence. The main steps of the formation kinetics are identified and the influence of diffusion and evaporation processes on both the quantum dot and the wetting layer morphology is addressed. The correlation between the optical and structural properties of such structures finally allows for the analysis of matter exchanges between the quantum dots and the wetting layer during capping.

    Sergent, S. [CRHEA-CNRS, Rue Bernard Gregory, Sophia Antipolis, 06560 Valbonne (France); Universite de Nice Sophia Antipolis, Parc Valrose, F-06102 Nice Cedex 2 (France); Damilano, B.; Huault, T.; Brault, J.; Tottereau, O.; Vennegues, P.; Leroux, M.; Semond, F.; Massies, J. [CRHEA-CNRS, Rue Bernard Gregory, Sophia Antipolis, 06560 Valbonne (France); Korytov, M.

    2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    268

    Large scale quantum mechanical enzymology  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    conventional QM methods but, due to the computational costs, as will be discussed later in this dissertation, the system sizes accessible with these approaches do not reach the requirements for studying biomolecular systems. A particularly successful brand... imaging allow certain structural information to be extracted, such as interatomic distances and torsion angles. In the all important quest for experimental agreement, it would be all too easy to assert that if simulations generate the same result...

    Lever, Greg

    2014-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

    269

    Optimal measurements in quantum mechanics  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Four common optimality criteria for measurements are formulated using relations in the set of observables, and their connections are clarified. As case studies, 1-0 observables, localization observables, and photon counting observables are considered.

    T. Heinonen

    2005-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

    270

    The Quantum Theory of Fluids  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The quantum theory of fields is largely based on studying perturbations around non-interacting, or free, field theories, which correspond to a collection of quantum-mechanical harmonic oscillators. The quantum theory of an ordinary fluid is `freer', in the sense that the non-interacting theory also contains an infinite collection of quantum-mechanical free particles, corresponding to vortex modes. By computing a variety of correlation functions at tree- and loop-level, we give evidence that a quantum perfect fluid can be consistently formulated as a low-energy, effective field theory. We speculate that the quantum behaviour is radically different to both classical fluids and quantum fields, with interesting physical consequences for fluids in the low temperature regime.

    Ben Gripaios; Dave Sutherland

    2014-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

    271

    07-NIF Dedication: Jerry McNerney  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    The National Ignition Facility, the world's largest laser system, was dedicated at a ceremony on May 29, 2009 at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. These are the remarks by Congressman Jerry McNerney, of California's 11th district, which adjoins Livermore.

    Congressman Jerry McNerney

    2009-07-02T23:59:59.000Z

    272

    Scott McPeak Research Statement  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scott McPeak Research Statement My main research interest is in tools and techniques to improve software quality. In this statement I describe my past involvement in several research projects whose goal and server proxy I co-wrote with Dan Bonachea.) Our group's efforts on CCured have made it more than a mere

    California at Berkeley, University of

    273

    James J. McConnell- Biography  

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Mr. McConnell is the Deputy Associate Administrator for Infrastructure and Operations. He is responsible for operations, infrastructure, capital planning, environmental programs and packaging and transportation for the NNSA National Security Enterprise as well as management and oversight of NNSA's seven field offices.

    274

    07-NIF Dedication: Jerry McNerney  

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    The National Ignition Facility, the world's largest laser system, was dedicated at a ceremony on May 29, 2009 at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. These are the remarks by Congressman Jerry McNerney, of California's 11th district, which adjoins Livermore.

    Congressman Jerry McNerney

    2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    275

    Washington and Lee University Andrew W. McThenia, Jr.  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    at the Federal Prison in Alderson, W.Va., and with `black lung' victims in southern West Virginia. Professor Mc

    Marsh, David

    276

    Updated 6-12 Donald F. McCormack  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and an annual budget of over $1B. Effective April 4, 2012, Mr. McCormack assumed additional duties as Acting. From September 2001 until May 2002, Mr. McCormack was Director for Weapon Systems, responsible, and complete life cycle support for undersea weapon systems. During his career, Mr. McCormack has been

    277

    ARCHITECTURE AT McGILL Bachelor of Science in Architecture  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ARCHITECTURE AT McGILL Bachelor of Science in Architecture What is architecture? Architecture. Is this the program for me? Architecture students come to McGill with a wide variety of backgrounds and life? You will need a professional degree in architecture in order to practice as an architect. At Mc

    Barthelat, Francois

    278

    Who named the quantum defect?  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    The notion of the quantum defect is important in atomic and molecular spectroscopy and also in unifying spectroscopy with collision theory. In the latter context, the quantum defect may be viewed as an ancestor of the phase shift. However, the origin of the term quantum defect does not seem to be explained in standard textbooks. It occurred in a 1921 paper by Schroedinger, preceding quantum mechanics, yet giving the correct meaning as an index of the short-range interactions with the core of an atom. The authors present the early history of the quantum-defect idea, and sketch its recent developments.

    Rau, A.R.P. [Louisiana State Univ., Baton Rouge, LA (United States). Dept. of Physics and Astronomy; Inokuti, M. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States). Physics Div.

    1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    279

    Statistical Mechanics of Amplifying Apparatus  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    We implement Feynman's suggestion that the only missing notion needed for the puzzle of Quantum Measurement is the statistical mechanics of amplifying apparatus. We define a thermodynamic limit of quantum amplifiers which is a classically describable system in the sense of Bohr, and define macroscopic pointer variables for the limit system. Then we derive the probabilities of Quantum Measurement from the deterministic Schroedinger equation by the usual techniques of Classical Statistical Mechanics.

    Joseph Johnson

    2005-02-08T23:59:59.000Z

    280

    Electric Vehicle Performance at McMurdo Station (Antarctica) and Comparison with McMurdo Station Conventional Vehicles  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    This report examines the performance of two electric vehicles (EVs) at McMurdo, Antarctica (McMurdo). The study examined the performance of two e-ride Industries EVs initially delivered to McMurdo on February 16, 2011, and compared their performance and fuel use with that of conventional vehicles that have a duty cycle similar to that of the EVs used at McMurdo.

    Sears, T.; Lammert, M.; Colby, K.; Walter, R.

    2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mc quantum mechanics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
    While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
    they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
    We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
    to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


    281

    The MC21 Monte Carlo Transport Code  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    MC21 is a new Monte Carlo neutron and photon transport code currently under joint development at the Knolls Atomic Power Laboratory and the Bettis Atomic Power Laboratory. MC21 is the Monte Carlo transport kernel of the broader Common Monte Carlo Design Tool (CMCDT), which is also currently under development. The vision for CMCDT is to provide an automated, computer-aided modeling and post-processing environment integrated with a Monte Carlo solver that is optimized for reactor analysis. CMCDT represents a strategy to push the Monte Carlo method beyond its traditional role as a benchmarking tool or ''tool of last resort'' and into a dominant design role. This paper describes various aspects of the code, including the neutron physics and nuclear data treatments, the geometry representation, and the tally and depletion capabilities.

    Sutton TM, Donovan TJ, Trumbull TH, Dobreff PS, Caro E, Griesheimer DP, Tyburski LJ, Carpenter DC, Joo H

    2007-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

    282

    McGILL UNIVERSITY BIKE RACK INVENTORY  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McGILL UNIVERSITY BIKE RACK INVENTORY DOWNTOWN CAMPUS 09.2012 #12;McGILL UNIVERSITY BIKE RACK INVENTORY MAP DOWNTOWN CAMPUS 2012 4xA-8 4xA-8 6xA-8, 4xC-11 1xC-11 5xA-8 1xA-8 1xA-8 4xA-8 2xA-8 3xA-8 1x RACK INVENTORY MAP - ZONE A DOWNTOWN CAMPUS 2012 #12;32 32 6xA-8, 4xC-11 11 40 8 1xA-8 32 16 24 1xG-8

    Kambhampati, Patanjali

    283

    Derivation of quantum probabilities from deterministic evolution  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The predictions of quantum mechanics are probabilistic. Quantum probabilities are extracted using a postulate of the theory called the Born rule, the status of which is central to the "measurement problem" of quantum mechanics. Efforts to justify the Born rule from other physical principles, and thus elucidate the measurement process, have involved lengthy statistical or information-theoretic arguments. Here we show that Bohm's deterministic formulation of quantum mechanics allows the Born rule for measurements on a single system to be derived, without any statistical assumptions. We solve a simple example where the creation of an ensemble of identical quantum states, together with position measurements on those states, are described by Bohm's quantum dynamics. The calculated measurement outcomes agree with the Born-rule probabilities, which are thus a consequence of deterministic evolution. Our results demonstrate that quantum probabilities can emerge from simple dynamical laws alone, and they support the view that there is no underlying indeterminism in quantum phenomena.

    T. G. Philbin

    2014-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    284

    Intrinsic Time Quantum Geometrodynamics  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Quantum Geometrodynamics with intrinsic time development and momentric variables is presented. An underlying SU(3) group structure at each spatial point regulates the theory. The intrinsic time behavior of the theory is analyzed, together with its ground state and primordial quantum fluctuations. Cotton-York potential dominates at early times when the universe was small; the ground state naturally resolves Penrose's Weyl Curvature Hypothesis, and thermodynamic and gravitational `arrows of time' point in the same direction. Ricci scalar potential corresponding to Einstein's General Relativity emerges as a zero-point energy contribution. A new set of fundamental commutation relations without Planck's constant emerges from the unification of Gravitation and Quantum Mechanics.

    Eyo Eyo Ita III; Chopin Soo; Hoi-Lai Yu

    2015-02-06T23:59:59.000Z

    285

    Intrinsic Time Quantum Geometrodynamics  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Quantum Geometrodynamics with intrinsic time development and momentric variables is presented. An underlying SU(3) group structure at each spatial point regulates the theory. The intrinsic time behavior of the theory is analyzed, together with its ground state and primordial quantum fluctuations. Cotton-York potential dominates at early times when the universe was small; the ground state naturally resolves Penrose's Weyl Curvature Hypothesis, and thermodynamic and gravitational `arrows of time' point in the same direction. Ricci scalar potential corresponding to Einstein's General Relativity emerges as a zero-point energy contribution. A new set of fundamental canonical commutation relations without Planck's constant emerges from the unification of Gravitation and Quantum Mechanics.

    Eyo Eyo Ita III; Chopin Soo; Hoi-Lai Yu

    2015-01-26T23:59:59.000Z

    286

    Quantum Locality?  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Robert Griffiths has recently addressed, within the framework of a ‘consistent quantum theory’ (CQT) that he has developed, the issue of whether, as is often claimed, quantum mechanics entails a need for faster-than-light transfers of information over long distances. He argues, on the basis of his examination of certain arguments that claim to demonstrate the existence of such nonlocal influences, that such influences do not exist. However, his examination was restricted mainly to hidden-variable-based arguments that include in their premises some essentially classical-physics-type assumptions that are fundamentally incompatible with the precepts of quantum physics. One cannot logically prove properties of a system by attributing to the system properties alien to that system. Hence Griffiths’ rejection of hidden-variable-based proofs is logically warranted. Griffiths mentions the existence of a certain alternative proof that does not involve hidden variables, and that uses only macroscopically described observable properties. He notes that he had examined in his book proofs of this general kind, and concluded that they provide no evidence for nonlocal influences. But he did not examine the particular proof that he cites. An examination of that particular proof by the method specified by his ‘consistent quantum theory’ shows that the cited proof is valid within that restrictive framework. This necessary existence, within the ‘consistent’ framework, of long range essentially instantaneous influences refutes the claim made by Griffiths that his ‘consistent’ framework is superior to the orthodox quantum theory of von Neumann because it does not entail instantaneous influences. An added section responds to Griffiths’ reply, which cites a litany of ambiguities that seem to restrict, devastatingly, the scope of his CQT formalism, apparently to buttress his claim that my use of that formalism to validate the nonlocality theorem is flawed. But the vagaries that he cites do not upset the proof in question. It is show here in detail why the precise statement of this theorem justifies the specified application of CQT. It is also shown, in response to his challenge, why a putative proof of locality that he has proposed is not valid.

    Stapp, Henry

    2011-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

    287

    Hybrid Rotaxanes: Interlocked Structures for Quantum Computing...  

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Hybrid Rotaxanes: Interlocked Structures for Quantum Computing? Print Rotaxanes are mechanically interlocked molecular architectures consisting of a dumbbell-shaped molecule, the...

    288

    Quantum Money from Hidden Subspaces Scott Aaronson  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Quantum Money from Hidden Subspaces Scott Aaronson Paul Christiano Abstract Forty years ago, Wiesner pointed out that quantum mechanics raises the striking possibility of money that cannot be counterfeited according to the laws of physics. We propose the first quantum money scheme that is (1) public

    Aaronson, Scott

    289

    On geometry influence on the behavior of a quantum mechanical scalar particle with intrinsic structure in external magnetic and electric fields  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Relativistic theory of the Cox's scalar not point-like particle with intrinsic structure is developed on the background of arbitrary curved space-time. It is shown that in the most general form, the extended Proca-like tensor first order system of equations contains non minimal interaction terms through electromagnetic tensor F_{\\alpha \\beta} and Ricci tensor R_{\\alpha \\beta}. In relativistic Cox's theory, the limiting procedure to non-relativistic approximation is performed in a special class of curved space-time models. This theory is specified in simple geometrical backgrounds: Euclid's, Lobachevsky's, and Rie\\-mann's. Wave equation for the Cox's particle is solved exactly in presence of external uniform magnetic and electric fields in the case of Minkowski space. Non-trivial additional structure of the particle modifies the frequency of a quantum oscillator arising effectively in presence if external magnetic field. Extension of these problems to the case of the hyperbolic Lobachevsky space is examined. In presence of the magnetic field, the quantum problem in radial variable has been solved exactly; the quantum motion in z-direction is described by 1-dimensional Schr\\"{o}dinger-like equation in an effective potential which turns out to be too difficult for analytical treatment. In the presence of electric field, the situation is similar. The same analysis has been performed for spherical Riemann space model.

    O. V. Veko; K. V. Kazmerchuk; E. M. Ovsiyuk; V. V. Kisel; V. M. Red'kov

    2014-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

    290

    Mooring Motion Bias of Point-Doppler Current Meter Measurements Paul Freitag, Michael McPhaden, Chris Meinig, Patricia Plimpton  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mooring Motion Bias of Point-Doppler Current Meter Measurements Paul Freitag, Michael Mc). Until 1998 the moorings were instrumented with mechanical current meters (MCMs, either Vector Averaging Current Meters (VACM) or Vector Measuring Current Meters (VMCM)). Comparison with nearby subsurface 150 k

    291

    Quantum Machines  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    We discuss quantum information processing machines. We start with single purpose machines that either redistribute quantum information or identify quantum states. We then move on to machines that can perform a number of functions, with the function they perform being determined by a program, which is itself a quantum state. Examples of both deterministic and probabilistic programmable machines are given, and we conclude with a discussion of the utility of quantum programs.

    Mark Hillery; Vladimir Buzek

    2009-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

    292

    Amanda McAlpin | Department of Energy  

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion |Energy UsageAUDITVehiclesTankless orA BRIEF HISTORYAgencyLocal Community |Amanda McAlpin

    293

    McCup | Open Energy Information  

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartmentAUDIT REPORTOpenWende New Energy Co LtdInformation Next GenerationMcCup Jump

    294

    Faces of Science: Nate McDowell  

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsruc DocumentationP-Series toESnet4:Epitaxial ThinFOR IMMEDIATE5 BudgetNate McDowell Faces of

    295

    2012 McQuay International 1 2012 McQuay International SmartSourceTM  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Compressor 3 and 4 ton cooling capacities ­ does 1 - 5 tons. Features ECM variable speed fan motor Choice compressor provides capacity that is continually adjusted up or down to changing heat or cool loads. Adjusts for Improved Part Load Performance #12;© 2012 McQuay International 9 Compressor Modulates = Precise Room Temp

    296

    ME 330 Fluid Mechanics ABET EC2000 syllabus  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ME 330 ­ Fluid Mechanics Page 1 ABET EC2000 syllabus ME 330 ­ Fluid Mechanics Spring 2010 Required & T. H. Okiishi, Fundamentals of Fluid Mechanics, 6th Edition, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, 2009. Other Material (optional): · F. M. White, Fluid Mechanics, 6th Edition, McGraw-Hill, New York, 2008. · R

    Ben-Yakar, Adela

    297

    On quantum theories of the mind  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Replies are given to arguments advanced in this journal that claim to show that it is to nonlinear classical mechanics rather than quantum mechanics that one must look for the physical underpinnings of consciousness.

    Henry P. Stapp

    1997-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

    298

    Quantum Information Science and Nanotechnology  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    In this note is touched upon an application of quantum information science (QIS) in nanotechnology area. The laws of quantum mechanics may be very important for nano-scale objects. A problem with simulating of quantum systems is well known and quantum computer was initially suggested by R. Feynman just as the way to overcome such difficulties. Mathematical methods developed in QIS also may be applied for description of nano-devices. Few illustrative examples are mentioned and they may be related with so-called fourth generation of nanotechnology products.

    Alexander Yu. Vlasov

    2009-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

    299

    McIntosh County, Georgia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to:46 - 429Lacey,(MonasterLowellisMcDonald is a borough in AlleghenyMcGrawMcHenryMcIntosh

    300

    McLoud, Oklahoma: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to:46 - 429Lacey,(MonasterLowellisMcDonald is a borough in91. ItMcKinseyMcLennanMcLoud,

    Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mc quantum mechanics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
    While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
    they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
    We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
    to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


    301

    Sibley School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    design; sustainable design; additive manufacturing; manufacturing of advanced and multifunctional 607 255-0813 mc288@cornell.edu October 2014 Faculty Position in Design and Manufacturing Mechanical and Manufacturing, as related strongly to the disciplines within Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering. Candidates

    Bonassar, Larry

    302

    La Universidad McMaster La Universidad McMaster, fundada en 1887, est situada en la ciudad de  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de existencia, McMaster se ha dado a conocer por su excelencia, creatividad e innovación en educación

    Thompson, Michael

    303

    Integrated chips and optical cavities for trapped ion quantum information processing  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Quantum information processing is a new and exciting field which uses quantum mechanical systems to perform information processing. At the heart of the excitement are quantum computation - which promises efficient algorithms ...

    Leibrandt, David R

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    304

    An investigation of precision and scaling issues in nuclear spin and trapped-ion quantum simulators  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Quantum simulation offers the possibility of using a controllable quantum-mechanical system to implement the dynamics of another quantum system, performing calculations that are intractable on classical computers for all ...

    Clark, Robert J., Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    305

    EPR's reality criterion and quantum realism  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    We show that EPR's criterion of reality leads to contradictions in quantum mechanics. When locality is assumed, an inequality involving only one particle is violated, while when parameter and outcome dependence are assumed, EPR-realism is shown to be not Lorentz invariant. Quantum mechanics is both non-local and non-realistic.

    Florin Moldoveanu

    2012-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

    306

    Quantum Darwinism  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Quantum Darwinism - proliferation, in the environment, of multiple records of selected states of the system (its information-theoretic progeny) - explains how quantum fragility of individual state can lead to classical robustness of their multitude.

    Zurek, Wojciech H [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    307

    Semiclassical analysis of quantum dynamics  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simulating the molecular dynamics (MD) using classical or semi-classical trajectories provides important details for the understanding of many chemical reactions, protein folding, drug design, and solvation effects. MD simulations using trajectories have achieved great successes in the computer simulations of various systems, but it is difficult to incorporate quantum effects in a robust way. Therefore, improving quantum wavepacket dynamics and incorporating nonadiabatic transitions and quantum effects into classical and semi-classical molecular dynamics is critical as well as challenging. In this paper, we present a MD scheme in which a new set of equations of motion (EOM) are proposed to effectively propagate nuclear trajectories while conserving quantum mechanical energy which is critical for describing quantum effects like tunneling. The new quantum EOM is tested on a one-state one-dimensional and a two-state two-dimensional model nonadiabatic systems. The global quantum force experienced by each trajectory promotes energy redistribution among the bundle of trajectories, and thus helps the individual trajectory tunnel through the potential barrier higher than the energy of the trajectory itself. Construction of the new quantum force and EOM also provides a better way to treat the issue of back-reaction in mixed quantum-classical (MQC) methods, i.e. self-consistency between quantum degrees of freedom (DOF) and classical DOF.

    Siyang Yang

    2011-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    308

    Research in theResearch in the Joint Quantum InstituteJoint Quantum Institute  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coherent Quantum Phenomena · The Second Quantum Revolution ­ Beyond wave mechanics ­ Beyond quantized energies msingle Cd+ ion QC PlatformsQC Platforms SQUIDSSQUIDS Neutral Atoms in Optical Lattices Neutral Atoms construction Phillips, Porto, Rolston, Spielman Clark, Das Sarma, Galitski, Williams #12;Hybrid Quantum

    Gruner, Daniel S.

    309

    Communication Disorders David L. McPherson, Chair  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Communication Disorders David L. McPherson, Chair 136 TLRB, (801) 422-4318 David O. McKay School The degree program in the Department of Communication Disorders is open enrollment. Graduation Requirements.0 Undergraduate Programs and Degrees BS Communication Disorders Minor Communication Disorders Students should see

    Hart, Gus

    310

    Scheme Evolution and the Relational Algebra Edwin McKenzie*  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scheme Evolution and the Relational Algebra TR87-003 Revised May 1988 Edwin McKenzie* Richard Institution. #12;Scheme Evolution and the Relational Algebra Edwin McKenzie and Richard Snodgrass Department, evolution of a database's contents and evolution of a database's scheme. We define a relation's scheme

    North Carolina at Chapel Hill, University of

    311

    McMaster University | Department of Anesthesia Citywide Rounds  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McMaster University | Department of Anesthesia Citywide Rounds Dr. David Sussman PGY-3 Resident Department of Anesthesia, McMaster University "A World without Propofol: Looking Beyond Western Medicine ­ A Glimpse into the World of Anesthesia in Uganda" Objectives: 1) Review brief history of Uganda including

    Thompson, Michael

    312

    Looking into Higher Dimensions: Research with Joseph McMoneagle  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    by nuclear reactors can travel as far as 25 light- years in solid lead before being deflected. Another at nuclear distances, and see into higher dimensions. To "calibrate" McMoneagle, I asked him three things (in, if not the best: Joseph McMoneagle. [Joe has published four interesting and informative books on remote viewing

    Bryan, Ronald

    313

    The Noncommutative Anandan's Quantum Phase  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    In this work we study the noncommutative nonrelativistic quantum dynamics of a neutral particle, that possesses permanent magnetic and electric dipole momenta, in the presence of an electric and magnetic fields. We use the Foldy-Wouthuysen transformation of the Dirac spinor with a non-minimal coupling to obtain the nonrelativistic limit. In this limit, we will study the noncommutative quantum dynamics and obtain the noncommutative Anandan's geometric phase. We analyze the situation where magnetic dipole moment of the particle is zero and we obtain the noncommutative version of the He-McKellar-Wilkens effect. We demonstrate that this phase in the noncommutative case is a geometric dispersive phase. We also investigate this geometric phase considering the noncommutativity in the phase space and the Anandan's phase is obtained.

    E. Passos; L. R. Ribeiro; C. Furtado; J. R. Nascimento

    2007-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

    314

    The Noncommutative Anandan's Quantum Phase  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    In this work we study the noncommutative nonrelativistic quantum dynamics of a neutral particle, that possesses permanent magnetic and electric dipole momenta, in the presence of an electric and magnetic fields. We use the Foldy-Wouthuysen transformation of the Dirac spinor with a non-minimal coupling to obtain the nonrelativistic limit. In this limit, we will study the noncommutative quantum dynamics and obtain the noncommutative Anandan's geometric phase. We analyze the situation where magnetic dipole moment of the particle is zero and we obtain the noncommutative version of the He-McKellar-Wilkens effect. We demonstrate that this phase in the noncommutative case is a geometric dispersive phase. We also investigate this geometric phase considering the noncommutativity in the phase space and the Anandan's phase is obtained.

    Passos, E; Nascimento, J R; Ribeiro, L R

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    315

    Code of Conduct for Users of McGill Computing Facilities McGill Computing Facilities (MCF) are intended to support the academic mission and the  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Code of Conduct for Users of McGill Computing Facilities McGill Computing Facilities (MCF for Users of McGill Computing Facilities 1 #12;Code of Conduct for Users of McGill Computing Facilities) are intended to support the academic mission and the administrative functions of the University. This code

    Shoubridge, Eric

    316

    Damped quantum harmonic oscillator  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    In the framework of the Lindblad theory for open quantum systems the damping of the harmonic oscillator is studied. A generalization of the fundamental constraints on quantum mechanical diffusion coefficients which appear in the master equation for the damped quantum oscillator is presented; the Schr\\"odinger and Heisenberg representations of the Lindblad equation are given explicitly. On the basis of these representations it is shown that various master equations for the damped quantum oscillator used in the literature are particular cases of the Lindblad equation and that the majority of these equations are not satisfying the constraints on quantum mechanical diffusion coefficients. Analytical expressions for the first two moments of coordinate and momentum are also obtained by using the characteristic function of the Lindblad master equation. The master equation is transformed into Fokker-Planck equations for quasiprobability distributions. A comparative study is made for the Glauber $P$ representation, the antinormal ordering $Q$ representation and the Wigner $W$ representation. It is proven that the variances for the damped harmonic oscillator found with these representations are the same. By solving the Fokker-Planck equations in the steady state, it is shown that the quasiprobability distributions are two-dimensional Gaussians with widths determined by the diffusion coefficients. The density matrix is represented via a generating function, which is obtained by solving a time-dependent linear partial differential equation derived from the master equation. Illustrative examples for specific initial conditions of the density matrix are provided.

    A. Isar; A. Sandulescu

    2006-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

    317

    Molecular structure calculations: A unified quantum mechanical description of electrons and nuclei using explicitly correlated Gaussian functions and the global vector representation  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    We elaborate on the theory for the variational solution of the Schroedinger equation of small atomic and molecular systems without relying on the Born-Oppenheimer paradigm. The all-particle Schroedinger equation is solved in a numerical procedure using the variational principle, Cartesian coordinates, parameterized explicitly correlated Gaussian functions with polynomial prefactors, and the global vector representation. As a result, non-relativistic energy levels and wave functions of few-particle systems can be obtained for various angular momentum, parity, and spin quantum numbers. A stochastic variational optimization of the basis function parameters facilitates the calculation of accurate energies and wave functions for the ground and some excited rotational-(vibrational-)electronic states of H{sub 2}{sup +} and H{sub 2}, three bound states of the positronium molecule, Ps{sub 2}, and the ground and two excited states of the {sup 7}Li atom.

    Matyus, Edit; Reiher, Markus [Laboratory of Physical Chemistry, ETH Zuerich, Wolfgang-Pauli-Str. 10, CH-8093 Zuerich (Switzerland)

    2012-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

    318

    Physical process Mechanical mechanisms  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 Physical process Generation · Mechanical mechanisms F = m·a · Electric/Magnetic mechanisms F ­ Quadrupoles......shear stress fluctuations ­ High order poles...... phys. interpretation difficult Governing

    Berlin,Technische Universität

    319

    Functional quantum biology in photosynthesis and magnetoreception  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Is there a functional role for quantum mechanics or coherent quantum effects in biological processes? While this question is as old as quantum theory, only recently have measurements on biological systems on ultra-fast time-scales shed light on a possible answer. In this review we give an overview of the two main candidates for biological systems which may harness such functional quantum effects: photosynthesis and magnetoreception. We discuss some of the latest evidence both for and against room temperature quantum coherence, and consider whether there is truly a functional role for coherence in these biological mechanisms. Finally, we give a brief overview of some more speculative examples of functional quantum biology including the sense of smell, long-range quantum tunneling in proteins, biological photoreceptors, and the flow of ions across a cell membrane.

    Lambert, Neill; Cheng, Yuan-Chung; Li, Che-Ming; Chen, Guang-Yin; Nori, Franco

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    320

    Functional quantum biology in photosynthesis and magnetoreception  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Is there a functional role for quantum mechanics or coherent quantum effects in biological processes? While this question is as old as quantum theory, only recently have measurements on biological systems on ultra-fast time-scales shed light on a possible answer. In this review we give an overview of the two main candidates for biological systems which may harness such functional quantum effects: photosynthesis and magnetoreception. We discuss some of the latest evidence both for and against room temperature quantum coherence, and consider whether there is truly a functional role for coherence in these biological mechanisms. Finally, we give a brief overview of some more speculative examples of functional quantum biology including the sense of smell, long-range quantum tunneling in proteins, biological photoreceptors, and the flow of ions across a cell membrane.

    Neill Lambert; Yueh-Nan Chen; Yuan-Chung Cheng; Che-Ming Li; Guang-Yin Chen; Franco Nori

    2012-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

    Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mc quantum mechanics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
    While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
    they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
    We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
    to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


    321

    McGill Cancer NutritionRehabilitation Program Annual Report 2009 AAPPPPEENNDDIIXX II  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McGill Cancer NutritionRehabilitation Program Annual Report 2009 AAPPPPEENNDDIIXX II CCLLIINNIICCAALL AACCTTIIVVIITTYY McGill Cancer NutritionRehabilitation Program Statistics for January;McGill Cancer NutritionRehabilitation Program Annual Report 2009 AAPPPPEENNDDIIXX IIII

    Barthelat, Francois

    322

    Quantum Cloning Machines and the Applications  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    No-cloning theorem is fundamental for quantum mechanics and for quantum information science that states an unknown quantum state cannot be cloned perfectly. However, we can try to clone a quantum state approximately with the optimal fidelity, or instead, we can try to clone it perfectly with the largest probability. Thus various quantum cloning machines have been designed for different quantum information protocols. Specifically, quantum cloning machines can be designed to analyze the security of quantum key distribution protocols such as BB84 protocol, six-state protocol, B92 protocol and their generalizations. Some well-known quantum cloning machines include universal quantum cloning machine, phase-covariant cloning machine, the asymmetric quantum cloning machine and the probabilistic quantum cloning machine etc. In the past years, much progress has been made in studying quantum cloning machines and their applications and implementations, both theoretically and experimentally. In this review, we will give a complete description of those important developments about quantum cloning and some related topics. On the other hand, this review is self-consistent, and in particular, we try to present some detailed formulations so that further study can be taken based on those results.

    Heng Fan; Yi-Nan Wang; Li Jing; Jie-Dong Yue; Han-Duo Shi; Yong-Liang Zhang; Liang-Zhu Mu

    2014-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

    323

    Quantum stochastic walks: A generalization of classical random walks and quantum walks  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    We introduce the quantum stochastic walk (QSW), which determines the evolution of a generalized quantum-mechanical walk on a graph that obeys a quantum stochastic equation of motion. Using an axiomatic approach, we specify the rules for all possible quantum, classical, and quantum-stochastic transitions from a vertex as defined by its connectivity. We show how the family of possible QSWs encompasses both the classical random walk (CRW) and the quantum walk (QW) as special cases but also includes more general probability distributions. As an example, we study the QSW on a line and the glued tree of depth three to observe the behavior of the QW-to-CRW transition.

    Rodriguez-Rosario, Cesar A.; Aspuru-Guzik, Alan; Whitfield, James D.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    324

    Quantum stochastic walks: A generalization of classical random walks and quantum walks  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    We introduce the quantum stochastic walk (QSW), which determines the evolution of a generalized quantum-mechanical walk on a graph that obeys a quantum stochastic equation of motion. Using an axiomatic approach, we specify the rules for all possible quantum, classical, and quantum-stochastic transitions from a vertex as defined by its connectivity. We show how the family of possible QSWs encompasses both the classical random walk (CRW) and the quantum walk (QW) as special cases but also includes more general probability distributions. As an example, we study the QSW on a line and the glued tree of depth three to observe the behavior of the QW-to-CRW transition.

    Whitfield, James D.; Rodriguez-Rosario, Cesar A.; Aspuru-Guzik, Alan [Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology and Center for Excitonics, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138 (United States)

    2010-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    325

    A general-purpose pulse sequencer for quantum computing  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Quantum mechanics presents a more general and potentially more powerful model of computation than classical systems. Quantum bits have many physically different representations which nonetheless share a common need for ...

    Phạm, Paul Tân Thế

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    326

    How to model quantum plasmas  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Traditional plasma physics has mainly focused on regimes characterized by high temperatures and low densities, for which quantum-mechanical effects have virtually no impact. However, recent technological advances (particularly on miniaturized semiconductor devices and nanoscale objects) have made it possible to envisage practical applications of plasma physics where the quantum nature of the particles plays a crucial role. Here, I shall review different approaches to the modeling of quantum effects in electrostatic collisionless plasmas. The full kinetic model is provided by the Wigner equation, which is the quantum analog of the Vlasov equation. The Wigner formalism is particularly attractive, as it recasts quantum mechanics in the familiar classical phase space, although this comes at the cost of dealing with negative distribution functions. Equivalently, the Wigner model can be expressed in terms of $N$ one-particle Schr{\\"o}dinger equations, coupled by Poisson's equation: this is the Hartree formalism, which is related to the `multi-stream' approach of classical plasma physics. In order to reduce the complexity of the above approaches, it is possible to develop a quantum fluid model by taking velocity-space moments of the Wigner equation. Finally, certain regimes at large excitation energies can be described by semiclassical kinetic models (Vlasov-Poisson), provided that the initial ground-state equilibrium is treated quantum-mechanically. The above models are validated and compared both in the linear and nonlinear regimes.

    G. Manfredi

    2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    327

    Quantum thermodynamic cooling cycle  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The quantum-mechanical and thermodynamic properties of a 3-level molecular cooling cycle are derived. An inadequacy of earlier models is rectified in accounting for the spontaneous emission and absorption associated with the coupling to the coherent driving field via an environmental reservoir. This additional coupling need not be dissipative, and can provide a thermal driving force - the quantum analog of classical absorption chillers. The dependence of the maximum attainable cooling rate on temperature, at ultra-low temperatures, is determined and shown to respect the recently-established fundamental bound based on the second and third laws of thermodynamics.

    Palao, J P; Gordon, J M; Palao, Jose P.; Kosloff, Ronnie; Gordon, Jeffrey M.

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    328

    Quantum thermodynamic cooling cycle  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The quantum-mechanical and thermodynamic properties of a 3-level molecular cooling cycle are derived. An inadequacy of earlier models is rectified in accounting for the spontaneous emission and absorption associated with the coupling to the coherent driving field via an environmental reservoir. This additional coupling need not be dissipative, and can provide a thermal driving force - the quantum analog of classical absorption chillers. The dependence of the maximum attainable cooling rate on temperature, at ultra-low temperatures, is determined and shown to respect the recently-established fundamental bound based on the second and third laws of thermodynamics.

    Jose P. Palao; Ronnie Kosloff; Jeffrey M. Gordon

    2001-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

    329

    MC&A System Effectiveness Tool (MSET) (Presentation 2)  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    MSET is a self-assessment or inspection tool utilizing probabilistic risk assessment (PRA) methodology to calculate the system effectiveness of a nuclear facility's material control and accountability (MC&A) system. MSET analyzes the effectiveness of an MC&A system based on defined performance metrics for MC&A functions defined based on U.S. and international best practices and regulations. MSET analysis is based on performance of the entire MC&A system including defense-in-depth attributes and sensitivity analysis of changes in the system, both positive and negative. MSET analysis considers: accounting; containment; access control; surveillance capabilities of the system; and other interfaces with the physical protection systems that provide detection of an unauthorized action. MSET performs a system effectiveness calculation evaluation against a defined performance metric. MSET uses PRA techniques to analyze the MC&A system. MSET is a tool for evaluating the system effectiveness of MC&A systems during self-assessment or external inspection. MSET has been developed, tested, and benchmarked by the U.S. DOE. In collaboration with the U.S. DOE, Rosatom is developing a Russian version (MSET-R) planned for pilot implementation at select material balance areas in 2011. MSET has been shown to be an effective training and communication tool for MC&A.

    Powell, Danny H [ORNL] [ORNL; Elwood Jr, Robert H [ORNL] [ORNL

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    330

    McNeilus Wind Farm II | Open Energy Information  

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth's Heat JumpIncMAKGalwayHydrothermalMcFarland is a city inMcLean,Co JumpMcNeilus

    331

    McNeilus Wind Farm IV | Open Energy Information  

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth's Heat JumpIncMAKGalwayHydrothermalMcFarland is a city inMcLean,CoMcNeilus Wind

    332

    McCreary County, Kentucky: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to:46 - 429Lacey,(MonasterLowellis aMaury County,EnergyMcCormack,McCracken County,McCreary

    333

    McCurtain County, Oklahoma: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to:46 - 429Lacey,(MonasterLowellis aMaury County,EnergyMcCormack,McCrackenMcCurtain

    334

    McGregor, Minnesota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to:46 - 429Lacey,(MonasterLowellisMcDonald is a borough in AlleghenyMcGraw HillMcGregor,

    335

    McHenry County, Illinois: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to:46 - 429Lacey,(MonasterLowellisMcDonald is a borough in AlleghenyMcGrawMcHenry County,

    336

    McKinleyville, California: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to:46 - 429Lacey,(MonasterLowellisMcDonald is a borough in91. It isMcKenzieMcKinleyville,

    337

    McLennan County, Texas: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to:46 - 429Lacey,(MonasterLowellisMcDonald is a borough in91. ItMcKinseyMcLennan County,

    338

    McLeod County, Minnesota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to:46 - 429Lacey,(MonasterLowellisMcDonald is a borough in91. ItMcKinseyMcLennan

    339

    McNary, Arizona: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to:46 - 429Lacey,(MonasterLowellisMcDonald is a borough in91.McMinn County,CountyMcNary,

    340

    Quantum computational webs  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    We introduce the notion of quantum computational webs: These are quantum states universal for measurement-based computation which can be built up from a collection of simple primitives. The primitive elements - reminiscent of building blocks in a construction kit - are (i) states on a one-dimensional chain of systems ("computational quantum wires") with the power to process one logical qubit and (ii) suitable couplings which connect the wires to a computationally universal "web". All elements are preparable by nearest-neighbor interactions in a single pass - a type of operation well-suited for a number of physical architectures. We provide a complete classification of qubit wires. This is first instance where a physically well-motivated class of universal resources can be fully understood. Finally, we sketch possible realizations in superlattices, and explore the power of coupling mechanisms based on Ising or exchange-interactions.

    D. Gross; J. Eisert

    2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mc quantum mechanics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
    While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
    they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
    We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
    to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


    341

    The Quantum Mellin transform  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    We uncover a new type of unitary operation for quantum mechanics on the half-line which yields a transformation to ``Hyperbolic phase space''. We show that this new unitary change of basis from the position x on the half line to the Hyperbolic momentum $p_\\eta$, transforms the wavefunction via a Mellin transform on to the critial line $s=1/2-ip_\\eta$. We utilise this new transform to find quantum wavefunctions whose Hyperbolic momentum representation approximate a class of higher transcendental functions, and in particular, approximate the Riemann Zeta function. We finally give possible physical realisations to perform an indirect measurement of the Hyperbolic momentum of a quantum system on the half-line.

    J. Twamley; G. J. Milburn

    2007-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

    342

    Fast Quantum Methods for Optimization  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Discrete combinatorial optimization consists in finding the optimal configuration that minimizes a given discrete objective function. An interpretation of such a function as the energy of a classical system allows us to reduce the optimization problem into the preparation of a low-temperature thermal state of the system. Motivated by the quantum annealing method, we present three strategies to prepare the low-temperature state that exploit quantum mechanics in remarkable ways. We focus on implementations without uncontrolled errors induced by the environment. This allows us to rigorously prove a quantum advantage. The first strategy uses a classical-to-quantum mapping, where the equilibrium properties of a classical system in $d$ spatial dimensions can be determined from the ground state properties of a quantum system also in $d$ spatial dimensions. We show how such a ground state can be prepared by means of quantum annealing, including quantum adiabatic evolutions. This mapping also allows us to unveil some fundamental relations between simulated and quantum annealing. The second strategy builds upon the first one and introduces a technique called spectral gap amplification to reduce the time required to prepare the same quantum state adiabatically. If implemented on a quantum device that exploits quantum coherence, this strategy leads to a quadratic improvement in complexity over the well-known bound of the classical simulated annealing method. The third strategy is not purely adiabatic; instead, it exploits diabatic processes between the low-energy states of the corresponding quantum system. For some problems it results in an exponential speedup (in the oracle model) over the best classical algorithms.

    Sergio Boixo; Gerardo Ortiz; Rolando Somma

    2014-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

    343

    E-Print Network 3.0 - atom based quantum Sample Search Results  

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Summary: . Nanostructure electronics 3. Atomic chain electronics 4. Quantum optoelectronics (Web page: http... , mechanically simple . smarter (autonomous) . New...

    344

    Quantum metrology and its application in biology  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Quantum metrology provides a route to overcome practical limits in sensing devices. It holds particular relevance in biology, where sensitivity and resolution constraints restrict applications both in fundamental biophysics and in medicine. Here, we review quantum metrology from this biological context. The understanding of quantum mechanics developed over the past century has already enabled important applications in biology, including positron emission tomography (PET) with entangled photons, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) using nuclear magnetic resonance, and bio-magnetic imaging with superconducting quantum interference devices (SQUIDs). With the birth of quantum information science came the realization that an even greater range of applications arise from the ability to not just understand, but to engineer coherence and correlations in systems at the quantum level. In quantum metrology, quantum coherence and quantum correlations are engineered to enable new approaches to sensing. This review focusses specifically on optical quantum metrology, where states of light that exhibit non-classical photon correlations are used to overcome practical and fundamental constraints, such as the shot-noise and diffraction limits. Recent experiments have demonstrated quantum enhanced sensing of biological systems, and established the potential for quantum metrology in biophysical research. These experiments have achieved capabilities that may be of significant practical benefit, including enhanced sensitivity and resolution, immunity to imaging artifacts, and characterisation of the biological response to light at the single-photon level. New quantum measurement techniques offer even greater promise, raising the prospect for improved multi-photon microscopy and magnetic imaging, among many other possible applications.

    Michael A. Taylor; Warwick P. Bowen

    2014-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

    345

    Quantum Interest in (3+1) dimensional Minkowski space  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The so-called "Quantum Inequalities", and the "Quantum Interest Conjecture", use quantum field theory to impose significant restrictions on the temporal distribution of the energy density measured by a time-like observer, potentially preventing the existence of exotic phenomena such as "Alcubierre warp-drives" or "traversable wormholes". Both the quantum inequalities and the quantum interest conjecture can be reduced to statements concerning the existence or non-existence of bound states for a certain one-dimensional quantum mechanical pseudo-Hamiltonian. Using this approach, we shall provide a simple proof of one version of the Quantum Interest Conjecture in (3+1) dimensional Minkowski space.

    Gabriel Abreu; Matt Visser

    2009-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

    346

    Quantum friction  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The Brownian motion of a light quantum particle in a heavy classical gas is theoretically described and a new expression for the friction coefficient is obtained for arbitrary temperature. At zero temperature it equals to the de Broglie momentum of the mean free path divided by the mean free path. Alternatively, the corresponding mobility of the quantum particle in the classical gas is equal to the square of the mean free path divided by the Planck constant. The Brownian motion of a quantum particle in a quantum environment is also discussed.

    R. Tsekov

    2012-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

    347

    Contact Lee McGetrick Director, Carbon Fiber Technology Facility  

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Lee McGetrick Director, Carbon Fiber Technology Facility (865) 574-6549 mcgetricklb@ornl.gov Craig Blue, Ph.D. Director, Manufacturing Demonstration Facility (865) 574-4351...

    348

    PNNL Expert Doug McMakin Discusses Millimeter Wave Technology  

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Electrical Engineer Doug McMakin discusses Millimeter Wave Holographic technology, which uses non-harmful, ultrahigh-frequency radio waves to penetrate clothing to detect and identify concealed objects, as well as obtain accurate body measurements.

    Doug McMakin

    2012-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    349

    Transportation Center Seminar........ Elaine Croft McKenzie  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Transportation Center Seminar........ Elaine Croft McKenzie PhD Candidate, Civil & Environmental Engineering; Transportation Center Dissertation Year Fellow Northwestern University "A Framework be valued in light of their total environmental and economic footprint over the planning horizon. Currently

    Bustamante, Fabián E.

    350

    EA-1262: McKay Bypass Canal Extension, Golden, Colorado  

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This EA evaluates the environmental impacts for the proposal to extend the McKay Bypass Canal in order to route water from the existing Canal north of the Walnut Creek drainage on the east side of...

    351

    Bob McQuinn - Biography | Department of Energy  

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Bob McQuinn is Vice President of Performance Assurance for URS. Bob is a Chemical Engineer and has been managing the nuclear chemical separation plants in the DOE complex since...

    352

    Gaussian quantum information  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The science of quantum information has arisen over the last two decades centered on the manipulation of individual quanta of information, known as quantum bits or qubits. Quantum computers, quantum cryptography, and quantum ...

    Weedbrook, Christian

    353

    A Tribute to Richard D. McKnight  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Richard D. McKnight passed away on 28 August 2013. Dick was known to most for his technical excellence; leadership; and kind, thoughtful demeanor. The authors have attempted to capture, in a few short pages, elements of each of those qualities that defined Dick McKnight. The authors will then conclude with some personal memories of a man they looked to as a dear colleague, mentor, and friend.

    J. Blair Briggs; Robert W. Schaefer

    2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    354

    MC++: Parallel, portable, Monte Carlo neutron transport in C++  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    We have developed an implicit Monte Carlo neutron transport code in C++ using the Parallel Object-Oriented Methods and Applications (POOMA) class library. MC++ runs in parallel on and is portable to a wide variety of platforms, including MPPs, clustered SMPs, and individual workstations. It contains appropriate classes and abstractions for particle transport and parallelism. Current capabilities of MC++ are discussed, along with future plans and physics and performance results on many different platforms.

    Lee, S.R.; Cummings, J.C. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Nolen, S.D. [Texas A& M Univ., College Station, TX (United States). Dept. of Nuclear Engineering

    1997-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    355

    McCulloch County, Texas: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to:46 - 429Lacey,(MonasterLowellis aMaury County,EnergyMcCormack,McCracken

    356

    McGrew, Nebraska: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to:46 - 429Lacey,(MonasterLowellisMcDonald is a borough in AlleghenyMcGraw

    357

    McNeil Biomass Power | Open Energy Information  

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to:46 - 429Lacey,(MonasterLowellisMcDonald is a borough in91.McMinn

    358

    Experimental entanglement-assisted quantum delayed-choice experiment  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The puzzling properties of quantum mechanics, wave-particle duality, entanglement and superposition, were dissected experimentally at past decades. However, hidden-variable (HV) models, based on three classical assumptions of wave-particle objectivity, determinism and independence, strive to explain or even defeat them. The development of quantum technologies enabled us to test experimentally the predictions of quantum mechanics and HV theories. Here, we report an experimental demonstration of an entanglement-assisted quantum delayed-choice scheme using a liquid nuclear magnetic resonance quantum information processor. This scheme we realized is based on the recently proposed scheme [Nat. Comms. 5:4997(2014)], which gave different results for quantum mechanics and HV theories. In our experiments, the intensities and the visibilities of the interference are in consistent the theoretical prediction of quantum mechanics. The results imply that a contradiction is appearing when all three assumptions of HV models are combined, though any two of the above assumptions are compatible with it.

    Tao Xin; Hang Li; Bi-Xue Wang; Gui-Lu Long

    2014-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

    359

    Presented by the Sustainability Projects Fund and the McGill Office of Sustainability  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Presented by the Sustainability Projects Fund and the McGill Office of Sustainability Please of sustainability at McGill, from a life-cycle perspective Primarily impact the McGill campus community Be led with the mission of the Sustainability Projects Fund: to build a culture of sustainability among the McGill campus

    Ruthazer, Edward

    360

    Paper No. 150. Ray, Najm and McCoy 1 Ignition front structure in a methane-air jet.1  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paper No. 150. Ray, Najm and McCoy 1 Ignition front structure in a methane-air jet.1 J.Ray2 , H. N-premixed methane jet in coflow air using the GRImech1.2 chemical mechanism. Ignition is initiated in the jet mixing flame, as compared to a stoichiometric premixed flame. In this study we ignite a methane-air jet

    Ray, Jaideep

    Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mc quantum mechanics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
    While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
    they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
    We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
    to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


    361

    Reversible computation as a model for the quantum measurement process  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    One-to-one reversible automata are introduced. Their applicability to a modelling of the quantum mechanical measurement process is discussed.

    Karl Svozil

    2009-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    362

    Optimum phase space probabilities from quantum tomography  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    We determine a positive normalised phase space probability distribution P with minimum mean square fractional deviation from the Wigner distribution W. The minimum deviation, an invariant under phase space rotations, is a quantitative measure of the quantumness of the state. The positive distribution closest to W will be useful in quantum mechanics and in time frequency analysis. The position-momentum correlations given by the distribution can be tested experimentally in quantum optics.

    Roy, Arunabha S., E-mail: roy.arunabha@gmail.com [King's College, London (United Kingdom); Roy, S. M., E-mail: smroy@hbcse.tifr.res.in [HBCSE, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Mumbai (India)

    2014-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    363

    Energy Inequalities in Quantum Field Theory  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Quantum fields are known to violate all the pointwise energy conditions of classical general relativity. We review the subject of quantum energy inequalities: lower bounds satisfied by weighted averages of the stress-energy tensor, which may be regarded as the vestiges of the classical energy conditions after quantisation. Contact is also made with thermodynamics and related issues in quantum mechanics, where such inequalities find analogues in sharp Gaarding inequalities.

    Christopher J. Fewster

    2005-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

    364

    Statistical Properties of Quantum Graph Spectra  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A general analytical approach to the statistical description of quantum graph spectra based on the exact periodic orbit expansions of quantum levels is discussed. The exact and approximate expressions obtained in \\cite{Anima} for the probability distribution functions using the spectral hierarchy method are analyzed. In addition, the mechanism of appearance of the universal statistical properties of spectral fluctuations of quantum-chaotic systems is considered in terms of the semiclassical theory of periodic orbits.

    Yu. Dabaghian

    2006-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

    365

    Transport and Dissipation in Quantum Pumps  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    This paper is about adiabatic transport in quantum pumps. The notion of ``energy shift'', a self-adjoint operator dual to the Wigner time delay, plays a role in our approach: It determines the current, the dissipation, the noise and the entropy currents in quantum pumps. We discuss the geometric and topological content of adiabatic transport and show that the mechanism of Thouless and Niu for quantized transport via Chern numbers cannot be realized in quantum pumps where Chern numbers necessarily vanish.

    J. E. Avron; A. Elgart; G. M. Graf; L. Sadun

    2003-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

    366

    Anomalous critical fields in quantum critical superconductors  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -temperature superconductivity. However, the exact mechanism by which this occurs remains poorly understood. The iron-pnictide superconductor BaFe2(As1?xPx)2 is perhaps the clearest example to date of a high temperature quantum critical superconductor, and so it is a... mixing of antiferromagnetism and superconductivity, suggesting that a highly unusual vortex state is realised in quantum critical superconductors. Quantum critical points (QCPs) can be associated with a variety of different order-disorder phenomena...

    Putzke, C.; Walmsley, P.; Fletcher, J.D.; Malone, L.; Vignolles, D.; Proust, C.; Badoux, S.; See, P.; Beere, H.E.; Ritchie, D.A.; Kasahara, S.; Mizukami, Y.; Shibauchi, T.; Matsuda, Y.; Carrington, A.

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    367

    Acrolein-Mediated Mechanisms of Neuronal Death  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Acrolein-Mediated Mechanisms of Neuronal Death Peishan Liu-Snyder,1 Helen McNally,1 Riyi Shi,1 stress lead to breakdown of membrane lipids (lipid peroxidation) during secondary injury. Acrolein certain fea- tures of cell death induced by acrolein on PC12 cells as well as cells from dorsal root

    Shi, Riyi

    368

    Qualitative insights on fundamental mechanics  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The gap between classical mechanics and quantum mechanics has an important interpretive implication: the Universe must have an irreducible fundamental level, which determines the properties of matter at higher levels of organization. We show that the main parameters of any fundamental model must be theory-independent. They cannot be predicted, because they cannot have internal causes. However, it is possible to describe them in the language of classical mechanics. We invoke philosophical reasons in favor of a specific model, which treats particles as sources of real waves. Experimental considerations for gravitational, electromagnetic, and quantum phenomena are outlined.

    G. N. Mardari

    2006-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

    369

    Quantum optical technologies for metrology, sensing and imaging  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Over the past 20 years, bright sources of entangled photons have led to a renaissance in quantum optical interferometry. Optical interferometry has been used to test the foundations of quantum mechanics and implement some of the novel ideas associated with quantum entanglement such as quantum teleportation, quantum cryptography, quantum lithography, quantum computing logic gates, and quantum metrology. In this paper, we focus on the new ways that have been developed to exploit quantum optical entanglement in quantum metrology to beat the shot-noise limit, which can be used, e.g., in fiber optical gyroscopes and in sensors for biological or chemical targets. We also discuss how this entanglement can be used to beat the Rayleigh diffraction limit in imaging systems such as in LIDAR and optical lithography.

    Jonathan P. Dowling; Kaushik P. Seshadreesan

    2014-12-24T23:59:59.000Z

    370

    Quantum optical technologies for metrology, sensing and imaging  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Over the past 20 years, bright sources of entangled photons have led to a renaissance in quantum optical interferometry. Optical interferometry has been used to test the foundations of quantum mechanics and implement some of the novel ideas associated with quantum entanglement such as quantum teleportation, quantum cryptography, quantum lithography, quantum computing logic gates, and quantum metrology. In this paper, we focus on the new ways that have been developed to exploit quantum optical entanglement in quantum metrology to beat the shot-noise limit, which can be used, e.g., in fiber optical gyroscopes and in sensors for biological or chemical targets. We also discuss how this entanglement can be used to beat the Rayleigh diffraction limit in imaging systems such as in LIDAR and optical lithography.

    Jonathan P. Dowling; Kaushik P. Seshadreesan

    2015-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

    371

    Optics, Mechanics and Quantization of Reparametrization Systems  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    In this paper we regard the dynamics obtained from Fermat principle as begin the classical theory of light. We (first-)quantize the action and show how close we can get to the Maxwell theory. We show that Quantum Geometric Optics is not a theory of fields in curved space. Considering Classical Mechanics to be on the same footing, we show the parallelism between Quantum Mechanics and Quantum Geometric Optics. We show that, due to the reparametrization invariance of the classical theories, the dynamics of the quantum theories is given by a Hamiltonian constraint. Some implications of the above analogy in the quantization of true reparameterization invariant systems are discussed.

    M. Navarro; J. Guerrero; V. Aldaya

    1994-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

    372

    Sustainable Energy Research Team publications Whittaker, C., Adams, P., McManus, M.C Securing a Bioenergy Supply: UK and US in  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .C Securing a Bioenergy Supply: UK and US in Perspectives on Biofuels: Potential Benefits and Possible, G.P. McManus, M.C. and Mezzullo, W. G, 2011. Barriers to and drivers for UK bioenergy development

    Martin, Ralph R.

    373

    The Quantum-Classical and Mind-Brain Linkages: The Quantum Zeno Effect in Binocular Rivalry  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A quantum mechanical theory of the relationship between perceptions and brain dynamics based on von Neumann's theory of measurments is applied to a recent quantum theoretical treatment of binocular rivaly that makes essential use of the quantum Zeno effect to give good fits to the complex available empirical data. The often-made claim that decoherence effects in the warm, wet, noisy brain must eliminate quantum effects at the macroscopic scale pertaining to perceptions is examined, and it is argued, on the basis of fundamental principles. that the usual decoherence effects will not upset the quantum Zeno effect that is being exploited in the cited work.

    Henry P. Stapp

    2007-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

    374

    High-fidelity quantum memory using nitrogen-vacancy center ensemble for hybrid quantum computation  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    We study a hybrid quantum computing system using a nitrogen-vacancy center ensemble (NVE) as quantum memory, a current-biased Josephson junction (CBJJ) superconducting qubit fabricated in a transmission line resonator (TLR) as the quantum computing processor, and the microwave photons in TLR as the quantum data bus. The storage process is seriously treated by considering all kinds of decoherence mechanisms. Such a hybrid quantum device can also be used to create multiqubit W states of NVEs through a common CBJJ. The experimental feasibility is achieved using currently available technology.

    Yang, W. L.; Feng, M. [State Key Laboratory of Magnetic Resonance and Atomic and Molecular Physics, Wuhan Institute of Physics and Mathematics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, and Wuhan National Laboratory for Optoelectronics, Wuhan 430071 (China); Yin, Z. Q. [Key Laboratory of Quantum Information, University of Science and Technology of China, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Hefei 230026 (China); Hu, Y. [Department of Physics, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430074 (China); Du, J. F. [Hefei National Laboratory for Physics Sciences at Microscale and Department of Modern Physics, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, 230026 (China)

    2011-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    375

    Review of quantum computation  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Digital computers are machines that can be programmed to perform logical and arithmetical operations. Contemporary digital computers are universal,'' in the sense that a program that runs on one computer can, if properly compiled, run on any other computer that has access to enough memory space and time. Any one universal computer can simulate the operation of any other; and the set of tasks that any such machine can perform is common to all universal machines. Since Bennett's discovery that computation can be carried out in a non-dissipative fashion, a number of Hamiltonian quantum-mechanical systems have been proposed whose time-evolutions over discrete intervals are equivalent to those of specific universal computers. The first quantum-mechanical treatment of computers was given by Benioff, who exhibited a Hamiltonian system with a basis whose members corresponded to the logical states of a Turing machine. In order to make the Hamiltonian local, in the sense that its structure depended only on the part of the computation being performed at that time, Benioff found it necessary to make the Hamiltonian time-dependent. Feynman discovered a way to make the computational Hamiltonian both local and time-independent by incorporating the direction of computation in the initial condition. In Feynman's quantum computer, the program is a carefully prepared wave packet that propagates through different computational states. Deutsch presented a quantum computer that exploits the possibility of existing in a superposition of computational states to perform tasks that a classical computer cannot, such as generating purely random numbers, and carrying out superpositions of computations as a method of parallel processing. In this paper, we show that such computers, by virtue of their common function, possess a common form for their quantum dynamics.

    Lloyd, S.

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    376

    Review of quantum computation  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Digital computers are machines that can be programmed to perform logical and arithmetical operations. Contemporary digital computers are ``universal,`` in the sense that a program that runs on one computer can, if properly compiled, run on any other computer that has access to enough memory space and time. Any one universal computer can simulate the operation of any other; and the set of tasks that any such machine can perform is common to all universal machines. Since Bennett`s discovery that computation can be carried out in a non-dissipative fashion, a number of Hamiltonian quantum-mechanical systems have been proposed whose time-evolutions over discrete intervals are equivalent to those of specific universal computers. The first quantum-mechanical treatment of computers was given by Benioff, who exhibited a Hamiltonian system with a basis whose members corresponded to the logical states of a Turing machine. In order to make the Hamiltonian local, in the sense that its structure depended only on the part of the computation being performed at that time, Benioff found it necessary to make the Hamiltonian time-dependent. Feynman discovered a way to make the computational Hamiltonian both local and time-independent by incorporating the direction of computation in the initial condition. In Feynman`s quantum computer, the program is a carefully prepared wave packet that propagates through different computational states. Deutsch presented a quantum computer that exploits the possibility of existing in a superposition of computational states to perform tasks that a classical computer cannot, such as generating purely random numbers, and carrying out superpositions of computations as a method of parallel processing. In this paper, we show that such computers, by virtue of their common function, possess a common form for their quantum dynamics.

    Lloyd, S.

    1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    377

    Reducing Damage Assessment Latency in Survivable Indrakshi Ray1, Ross M. McConnell1, Monte Lunacek1, and Vijay Kumar2  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reducing Damage Assessment Latency in Survivable Databases Indrakshi Ray1, Ross M. McConnell1 of Missouri-Kansas City kumarv@umkc.edu Abstract. Traditional recovery mechanisms are not adequate on other data items can help spread the damage. To prevent the damage from spreading, it is important

    Ray, Indrakshi

    378

    Topological Black Holes in Quantum Gravity  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    We derive the black hole solutions with horizons of non-trivial topology and investigate their properties in the framework of an approach to quantum gravity being an extension of Bohm's formulation of quantum mechanics. The solutions we found tend asymptotically (for large $r$) to topological black holes. We also analyze the thermodynamics of these space-times.

    J. Kowalski-Glikman; D. Nowak-Szczepaniak

    2000-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

    379

    Quantum Logic Gates using q-deformed Oscillators  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    We show that the quantum logic gates, {\\it viz.} the single qubit Hadamard and Phase Shift gates, can also be realised using q-deformed angular momentum states constructed via the Jordan-Schwinger mechanism with two q-deformed oscillators. {\\it Keywords :} quantum logic gates ; q-deformed oscillators ; quantum computation {\\it PACS:} 03.67.Lx ; 02.20.Uw

    Debashis Gangopadhyay; Mahendra Nath Sinha Roy

    2006-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

    380

    Quantum Money from Hidden Subspaces Scott Aaronson # Paul Christiano +  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Quantum Money from Hidden Subspaces Scott Aaronson # Paul Christiano + Abstract Forty years ago, Wiesner pointed out that quantum mechanics raises the striking possibility of money that cannot be counterfeited according to the laws of physics. We propose the first quantum money scheme that is (1) public

    Aaronson, Scott

    Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mc quantum mechanics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
    While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
    they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
    We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
    to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


    381

    The McDonnell International Scholars Academy The McDonnell Academy provides graduate and professional students from University Partners around  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The McDonnell International Scholars Academy Overview The McDonnell Academy provides graduate at Washington University in St. Louis. A core mission of the McDonnell International Scholars Academy is to develop future global leaders. The Academy pursues this by recruiting outstanding graduates of partner

    Doering, Tamara

    382

    Multiple-user quantum optical communication  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A fundamental understanding of the information carrying capacity of optical channels requires the signal and physical channel to be modeled quantum mechanically. This thesis considers the problems of distributing multi-party ...

    Yen, Brent J., 1977-

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    383

    Market-based mechanisms for climate change adaptation  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of Climate Change and Energy Efficiency) and the National Climate Change Adaptation Research FacilityMarket-based mechanisms for climate change adaptation Final Report John McAneney, Ryan Crompton FOR CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION Assessing the potential for and limits to insurance and market-based mechanisms

    Colorado at Boulder, University of

    384

    Conditional quantum distinguishability and pure quantum communication  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    I design a simple way of distinguishing non-orthogonal quantum states with perfect reliability using only quantum control-not gates in one condition. In this way, we can implement pure quantum communication in directly sending classical information, Ekert quantum cryptography and quantum teleportation without the help of classical communications channel.

    Tian-Hai Zeng

    2005-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

    385

    McKenzie River Subbasin Assessment, Technical Report 2000.  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    This document details the findings of the McKenzie River Subbasin Assessment team. The goal of the subbasin assessment is to provide an ecological assessment of the McKenzie River Floodplain, identification of conservation and restoration opportunities, and discussion of the influence of some upstream actions and processes. This Technical Report can be viewed in conjunction with the McKenzie River Subbasin Summary or as a stand-alone document. The purpose of the technical report is to detail the methodology and findings of the consulting team that the observations and recommendations in the summary document are based on. This part, Part I, provides an introduction to the subbasin and a general overview. Part II details the specific findings of the science team. Part III provides an explanation and examples of how to use the data that has been developed through this assessment to aid in prioritizing restoration activities. Part III also includes the literature cited and appendices.

    Alsea Geospatial, Inc.

    2000-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    386

    Quantum potential energy as concealed motion  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    It is known that the Schroedinger equation may be derived from a hydrodynamic model in which the Lagrangian position coordinates of a continuum of particles represent the quantum state. Using Routh\\s method of ignorable coordinates it is shown that the quantum potential energy of particle interaction that represents quantum effects in this model may be regarded as the kinetic energy of additional concealed freedoms. The method brings an alternative perspective to Planck\\s constant, which plays the role of a hidden variable, and to the canonical quantization procedure, since what is termed kinetic energy in quantum mechanics may be regarded literally as energy due to motion.

    Peter Holland

    2014-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

    387

    Dynamical Wave Function Collapse Models in Quantum Measure Theory  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The structure of Collapse Models is investigated in the framework of Quantum Measure Theory, a histories-based approach to quantum mechanics. The underlying structure of coupled classical and quantum systems is elucidated in this approach which puts both systems on a spacetime footing. The nature of the coupling is exposed: the classical histories have no dynamics of their own but are simply tied, more or less closely, to the quantum histories.

    Fay Dowker; Yousef Ghazi-Tabatabai

    2008-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    388

    Quantum phase gate for optical qubits with cavity quantum optomechanics  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    We show that a cavity optomechanical system formed by a mechanical resonator simultaneously coupled to two modes of an optical cavity can be used for the implementation of quantum phase gate between optical qubits associated with the two intracavity modes. The scheme is realizable for sufficiently strong single-photon optomechanical coupling in the resolved sideband regime, and is robust against cavity losses.

    Muhammad Asjad; Paolo Tombesi; David Vitali

    2015-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

    389

    TILLMPAD NUMERISK STRMNINGSMEKANIK MVK150 Applied Computational Fluid Mechanics (CFD), basic course  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    TILLÃ?MPAD NUMERISK STRÃ?MNINGSMEKANIK MVK150 Applied Computational Fluid Mechanics (CFD), basic.D.; Computational Fluid Dynamics, The basics with applications, McGraw-Hill, 1995. #12;

    390

    McCabe Geothermal Facility | Open Energy Information  

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth's Heat JumpIncMAKGalwayHydrothermal System,WindMaxWestMcAdams WrightMcCabe

    391

    McClellan, California: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth's Heat JumpIncMAKGalwayHydrothermal System,WindMaxWestMcAdamsMcClellan,

    392

    McCoy Geothermal Project | Open Energy Information  

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth's Heat JumpIncMAKGalwayHydrothermal System,WindMaxWestMcAdamsMcClellan,Project

    393

    McKinney, Texas: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth's Heat JumpIncMAKGalwayHydrothermalMcFarland is a city in KernMcKinney, Texas:

    394

    McKinsey on Smart Grid | Open Energy Information  

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth's Heat JumpIncMAKGalwayHydrothermalMcFarland is a city in KernMcKinney,

    395

    McLean, Virginia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth's Heat JumpIncMAKGalwayHydrothermalMcFarland is a city inMcLean, Virginia:

    396

    McLendon-Chisholm, Texas: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth's Heat JumpIncMAKGalwayHydrothermalMcFarland is a city inMcLean,

    397

    McNamee Lawrence Co | Open Energy Information  

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth's Heat JumpIncMAKGalwayHydrothermalMcFarland is a city inMcLean,Co Jump to:

    398

    McNeilus Wind Farm I | Open Energy Information  

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth's Heat JumpIncMAKGalwayHydrothermalMcFarland is a city inMcLean,Co Jump

    399

    McNeilus Wind Farm III | Open Energy Information  

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth's Heat JumpIncMAKGalwayHydrothermalMcFarland is a city inMcLean,Co

    400

    McCook, Illinois: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to:46 - 429Lacey,(MonasterLowellis aMaury County,Energy InformationMcCookMcCook,

    Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mc quantum mechanics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
    While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
    they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
    We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
    to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


    401

    McCracken County, Kentucky: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to:46 - 429Lacey,(MonasterLowellis aMaury County,EnergyMcCormack,McCracken County,

    402

    McFarland, Wisconsin: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to:46 - 429Lacey,(MonasterLowellisMcDonald is a borough in Allegheny CountyMcFarland is a

    403

    McGinness Hills Geothermal Project | Open Energy Information  

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to:46 - 429Lacey,(MonasterLowellisMcDonald is a borough in Allegheny CountyMcFarland is

    404

    McGrath, Alaska: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to:46 - 429Lacey,(MonasterLowellisMcDonald is a borough in Allegheny CountyMcFarland

    405

    McGraw Hill Construction | Open Energy Information  

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to:46 - 429Lacey,(MonasterLowellisMcDonald is a borough in AlleghenyMcGraw Hill

    406

    McKean County, Pennsylvania: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to:46 - 429Lacey,(MonasterLowellisMcDonald is a borough in91. It is classified asMcKean

    407

    McKeesport, Pennsylvania: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to:46 - 429Lacey,(MonasterLowellisMcDonald is a borough in91. It is classifiedMcKeesport

    408

    McKinley, Minnesota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to:46 - 429Lacey,(MonasterLowellisMcDonald is a borough in91. It isMcKenzie

    409

    McKinsey and Company | Open Energy Information  

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to:46 - 429Lacey,(MonasterLowellisMcDonald is a borough in91. ItMcKinsey and Company

    410

    McLean County, Illinois: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to:46 - 429Lacey,(MonasterLowellisMcDonald is a borough in91. ItMcKinsey and

    411

    McLean County, Kentucky: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to:46 - 429Lacey,(MonasterLowellisMcDonald is a borough in91. ItMcKinsey andKentucky. Its

    412

    McLean Electric Coop, Inc | Open Energy Information  

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to:46 - 429Lacey,(MonasterLowellisMcDonald is a borough in91. ItMcKinsey

    413

    McMinn County, Tennessee: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to:46 - 429Lacey,(MonasterLowellisMcDonald is a borough in91.McMinn County, Tennessee:

    414

    McMinnville, Oregon: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to:46 - 429Lacey,(MonasterLowellisMcDonald is a borough in91.McMinn County,

    415

    McMullen County, Texas: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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    416

    McNairy County, Tennessee: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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    417

    McNamee Lawrence & Co | Open Energy Information  

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to:46 - 429Lacey,(MonasterLowellisMcDonald is a borough in91.McMinn County,County

    418

    McPherson County, Nebraska: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to:46 - 429Lacey,(MonasterLowellisMcDonald is a boroughMcPherson County is a county in

    419

    McSherrystown, Pennsylvania: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to:46 - 429Lacey,(MonasterLowellisMcDonald is a boroughMcPherson County is a

    420

    Quantum corrections to classical evaluation of nonadiabatic transition rates  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    A recently developed quantum correction approach is applied to evaluating the nonadiabatic quantum-mechanical transition rate between Born-Oppenheimer states of a subsystem embedded in a thermal bath of harmonic oscillators. In the first-order perturbation theory, the nonadiabatic rate can be expressed in terms of a quantum-mechanical correlation function, which can be estimated directly from classical data. Application to a popular spin-boson model shows that our results are in excellent agreement with the exact quantum-mechanical results.

    Kim, Hyojoon; Rossky, Peter J. [Chemical Physics Theory Group, Department of Chemistry, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario M5S 3H6 (Canada); Institute for Theoretical Chemistry, Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas 78712 (United States)

    2006-08-14T23:59:59.000Z

    Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mc quantum mechanics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
    While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
    they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
    We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
    to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


    421

    Quantum Statistical Processes in the Early Universe  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    We show how the concept of quantum open system and the methods in non-equilibrium statistical mechanics can be usefully applied to studies of quantum statistical processes in the early universe. We first sketch how noise, fluctuation, dissipation and decoherence processes arise in a wide range of cosmological problems. We then focus on the origin and nature of noise in quantum fields and spacetime dynamics. We introduce the concept of geometrodynamic noise and suggest a statistical mechanical definition of gravitational entropy. We end with a brief discussion of the theoretical appropriateness to view the physical universe as an open system.

    B. L. Hu

    1993-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

    422

    Dispersive Quantum Systems: a class of isolated non-time reversal quantum systems  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A "dispersive quantum system" is a quantum system which is both isolated and non-time reversal invariant. This article presents precise definitions for those concepts and also a characterization of dispersive quantum systems within the class of completely positive Markovian quantum systems in finite dimension (through a homogeneous linear equation for the non-Hamiltonian part of the system's Liouvillian). To set the framework, the basic features of quantum mechanics are reviewed focusing on time evolution and also on the theory of completely positive Markovian quantum systems, including Kossakowski-Lindblad's standard form for Liouvillians. After those general considerations, I present a simple example of dispersive two-level quantum system and apply that to describe neutrino oscillation.

    Lúcio Fassarella

    2011-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

    423

    Spin networks in quantum gravity  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    This is a review paper about one of the approaches to unify Quantum Mechanics and the theory of General Relativity. Starting from the pioneer work of Regge and Penrose other scientists have constructed state sum models, as Feymann path integrals, that are topological invariant on the triangulated Riemannian surfaces, and that in the continuous limit become the Hilbert-Einstein action.

    M. Lorente

    2005-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

    424

    Quantum Money from Hidden Subspaces  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Forty years ago, Wiesner pointed out that quantum mechanics raises the striking possibility of money that cannot be counterfeited according to the laws of physics. We propose the first quantum money scheme that is (1) public-key, meaning that anyone can verify a banknote as genuine, not only the bank that printed it, and (2) cryptographically secure, under a "classical" hardness assumption that has nothing to do with quantum money. Our scheme is based on hidden subspaces, encoded as the zero-sets of random multivariate polynomials. A main technical advance is to show that the "black-box" version of our scheme, where the polynomials are replaced by classical oracles, is unconditionally secure. Previously, such a result had only been known relative to a quantum oracle (and even there, the proof was never published). Even in Wiesner's original setting -- quantum money that can only be verified by the bank -- we are able to use our techniques to patch a major security hole in Wiesner's scheme. We give the first private-key quantum money scheme that allows unlimited verifications and that remains unconditionally secure, even if the counterfeiter can interact adaptively with the bank. Our money scheme is simpler than previous public-key quantum money schemes, including a knot-based scheme of Farhi et al. The verifier needs to perform only two tests, one in the standard basis and one in the Hadamard basis -- matching the original intuition for quantum money, based on the existence of complementary observables. Our security proofs use a new variant of Ambainis's quantum adversary method, and several other tools that might be of independent interest.

    Scott Aaronson; Paul Christiano

    2012-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

    425

    Quantum Structures of the Hydrogen Atom  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Modern quantum theory introduces quantum structures (decompositions into subsystems) as a new discourse that is not fully comparable with the classical-physics counterpart. To this end, so-called Entanglement Relativity appears as a corollary of the universally valid quantum mechanics that can provide for a deeper and more elaborate description of the composite quantum systems. In this paper we employ this new concept to describe the hydrogen atom. We offer a consistent picture of the hydrogen atom as an open quantum system that naturally answers the following important questions: (a) how do the so called "quantum jumps" in atomic excitation and de-excitation occur? and (b) why does the classically and seemingly artificial "center-of-mass + relative degrees of freedom" structure appear as the primarily operable form in most of the experimental reality of atoms?

    J. Jeknic-Dugic; M. Dugic; A. Francom; M. Arsenijevic

    2014-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

    426

    Enhancing student learning of two-level quantum systems with interactive simulations  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The QuVis Quantum Mechanics Visualization project aims to address challenges of quantum mechanics instruction through the development of interactive simulations for the learning and teaching of quantum mechanics. In this article, we describe evaluation of simulations focusing on two-level systems developed as part of the Institute of Physics Quantum Physics resources. Simulations are research-based and have been iteratively refined using student feedback in individual observation sessions and in-class trials. We give evidence that these simulations are helping students learn quantum mechanics concepts at both the introductory and advanced undergraduate level, and that students perceive simulations to be beneficial to their learning.

    Kohnle, Antje; Campbell, Anna; Korolkova, Natalia; Paetkau, Mark J

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    427

    Last Updated:4/21/2010 McMaster University  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Master University, you must NOT negotiate your OSAP funding certificate. In cases of withdrawal, YOU MUST RETURN ANY to attend another college or university, you must return the OSAP funding certificates to the Officetext] Last Updated:4/21/2010 McMaster University Office of Student Financial Aid & Scholarships

    Thompson, Michael

    428

    CURRICULUM VITAE Laurie G. McGinnis, Acting Director  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    departments. Lead funding efforts. Represent Center in national, state, and university activities. 2001 ­ 20101 CURRICULUM VITAE Laurie G. McGinnis, Acting Director Center for Transportation Studies University) 625-3019 E-mail: mcgin001@umn.edu Education M.P.A., Public Leadership Concentration, University

    Minnesota, University of

    429

    Read-Copy Update Paul E. McKenney  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Read-Copy Update Paul E. McKenney Linux Technology Center IBM Beaverton pmckenne@us.ibm.com, http perform ex- pensive synchronization operations in common code #12;Client 1 Module Client 2 - - w Operation was unloaded, is not subject to this race condition. This suggests Client 1 Module Client 2 - - Grace Period w

    Arpaci, Remzi

    430

    McMaster University Clinician Investigator Program (CIP)  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McMaster University Clinician Investigator Program (CIP) Overview of opportunities and training goals Clive Kearon, CIP Program Director #12;Clinician Investigator Program (CIP) · Training geared for any clinical career (university or non-university based) #12;Clinician Investigator Program (CIP

    Hitchcock, Adam P.

    431

    What is MRsa? The McGill Mature &  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    What is MRsa? The McGill Mature & Re-entry Students' A s s o c i a t i o n (MRSA) facilitates from many different backgrounds and pursue various courses of study. All MRSA members are encouraged to use the office to meet others, study, or just decompress before the next class. Additionally, MRSA

    Kambhampati, Patanjali

    432

    The Oil Searching Problem Andrew McGregor1  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The Oil Searching Problem Andrew McGregor1 , Krzysztof Onak2 , and Rina Panigrahy3 1 University@mit.edu 3 Microsoft Research Silicon Valley. Email: rina@microsoft.com Abstract. Given n potential oil locations, where each has oil at a certain depth, we seek good trade-offs between the number of oil sources

    Pratt, Vaughan

    433

    Complexity, Capacity, and Capture Nolan McCarty  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    financial markets and products are so complex that outgunned agencies lack the capacity to detect systemicComplexity, Capacity, and Capture Nolan McCarty July 13, 2011 Susan Dod Brown Professor: nmccarty@princeton.edu #12;1 Introduction In the debates on financial market reform that followed

    434

    David McAdams Professor of Business Administration and Economics  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    : "Essays in Multi-Unit Auction Theory". co-Advisors: Professors Paul Milgrom and Robert Wilson. Experience Dissertation Fellowship, 2001. #12;David McAdams 2 State Farm Dissertation Award in Business, 2001. Jaedicke-Commitment as a Strategic Tool", Economics Letters, April 2007, 95(1) 48-53. Presented in 1999 at Federal Energy Regulatory

    Reif, John H.

    435

    ACCELERATOR TUBES H. R. McK. HYDER  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ACCELERATOR TUBES H. R. McK. HYDER Nuclear Physics Laboratory, University of Oxford, Oxford OX1 3RH The characteristics and performance of accelerator tubes required by the new generation of large tandem accelerators conclusions are drawn about future progress and developments. ACCELERATOR TUBES AND INSULATORS. 1

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    436

    Early Solar System Chronology K.D. McKeegan  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , and to a first approximation can be thought of as ``hand samples'' of the condensable portion of the solar nebula1.16 Early Solar System Chronology K.D. McKeegan University of California, Los Angeles, CA, USA Meteorites as Probes of Early Solar System Evolution 2 1.16.1.2 Short-Lived Radioactivity at the Origin

    Reiners, Peter W.

    437

    Adaptive Optics in Astronomy Jay J. McCarthy  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adaptive Optics in Astronomy Jay J. McCarthy NW Computational Intelligence Laboratory Portland State University Abstract ­ The field of adaptive optics (AO) has developed as a means to correct for the phase disturbances of an optical signal by understanding the medium through which it passes. This paper

    La Rosa, Andres H.

    438

    Matching NLO QCD computations with PYTHIA using MC@NLO  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    We present the matching between a next-to-leading order computation in QCD and the PYTHIA parton shower Monte Carlo, according to the MC@NLO formalism. We study the case of initial-state radiation, and consider in particular single vector boson hadroproduction.

    Paolo Torrielli; Stefano Frixione

    2010-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

    439

    McMaster University Workshop on Sustainability in Engineering Education  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McMaster University Workshop on Sustainability in Engineering Education 1:30 to 5:00 p.m., Tuesday May 11 2010 Engineering Technology Building 238/239 Introduction The overall context of the workshop is the implementation of the sustainability thrust of the 2009 Faculty of Engineering Strategic Plan "Engineering

    Thompson, Michael

    440

    What Happens When Facebook is Gone? Frank McCown  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    What Happens When Facebook is Gone? Frank McCown Harding University Computer Science Dept Searcy to export their personal data or expose themselves to third-party web archiving, some do not. Facebook, one are trapped. We examine a variety of techniques for extracting users' activities from Facebook (and by ex

    Nelson, Michael L.

    Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mc quantum mechanics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
    While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
    they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
    We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
    to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


    441

    Neutron scattering at high pressure D. B. McWhan  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    715 Neutron scattering at high pressure D. B. McWhan Room 1D-234, Murray Hill, New Jersey 07974, U scattering at steady-state and pulsed sources are reviewed. The pressure cells available at most neutron 10 GPa have been made. For elastic scattering, a comparison is made between neutron scattering and X

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    442

    Newsline Summer 2003 McGill Anesthesia Newsletter  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Newsline Summer 2003 McGill Anesthesia Newsletter TTTTThe first Kresimir Krnjevic Research Award for AAAAAt the 18th Annual Harold Griffith Memorial 1st Kresimir Krnjevic Anesthesia Research Award outstanding resident project, was Dr. Irina Strigo. Drs Kris Krnjevic and Gary Bennett of the Anesthesia

    Barthelat, Francois

    443

    Newsline Winter 2003 McGill Anesthesia Newsletter  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 Newsline Winter 2003 McGill Anesthesia Newsletter This year at our Annual Wesley Bourne Memorial Award for Excellence in the Teaching of Anesthesia. Teaching the art and science of anesthesia anesthesia. Dr. Deschamps was this year's residents' choice because of his knowledge, his enthusiasm

    Barthelat, Francois

    444

    Tracking Interacting People Stephen J. McKenna  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    people move in groups or interact with other peo- ple cause considerable difficulty to many trackingTracking Interacting People Stephen J. McKenna Department of Applied Computing University of Dundee, wechsler @cs.gmu.edu Abstract A computer vision system for tracking multiple people in relatively

    Duric, Zoran

    445

    Tracking Groups of People Stephen J. McKenna  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in groups or interact with other people cause considerable difficulty for many tracking schemes. HoweverTracking Groups of People Stephen J. McKenna Department of Applied Computing, University of Dundee, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742-3275 A computer vision system for tracking multiple people

    Duric, Zoran

    446

    Systematic Nonlinear Planning David McAllester \\Lambda  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of Naval Research contract N00014­85­K­0124 and N00014­89­j­3202 earliest planning systems were ``liftedSystematic Nonlinear Planning David McAllester \\Lambda MIT Artificial Intelligence Laboratory dam verifiable, lifting transformation. Previ­ ous planners have been designed directly as lifted pro­ cedures

    McAllester, David

    447

    MICHAEL ALEXANDER McROBBIE CITATION FOR AN HONORARY DEGREE  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of the stellar career about to unfold, he led the Automated Reasoning Project, a project which lifted Australia's presence in the international quest for artificial intelligence and which in turn led to two outstanding for Advanced Computational Systems. Michael McRobbie served as the foundation Director for both Centres

    Botea, Adi

    448

    Computational Science and Engineering Seminar McGill, Montreal  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of Physical Systems 1/48 #12;Presentation Overview 1. WEST and Modelica 2. A simple Modelica model 3. Object waste water treatment) www.hemmiswest.com Modelica (ESPRIT Basic Research, now Association) www.modelica 4/48 #12;Electrical example: Modelica vs. Matlab/Simulink CSE Seminar, 21 September, McGill hv

    Barthelat, Francois

    449

    An Overview of Solar Cell Technology Mike McGehee  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    An Overview of Solar Cell Technology Mike McGehee Materials Science and Engineering Global ClimateWatt and Evergreen Solar went bankrupt Jon Stewart, The Daily Show Solyndra, SpectraWatt and Evergreen Solar went provide 20 % of that. It takes a panel rated at 5 W, to average 1 W of power through the day and year, sog

    McGehee, Michael

    450

    SUMMER PLACEMENT REPORT Name: Robert McCarter  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    SUMMER PLACEMENT REPORT Name: Robert McCarter Year: ICLP 1 Company: SABIC UK Petrochemicals heat integration method for the Butadiene 3 plant in order to save the amount of energy input of pumps in order to make them more energy efficient. Goals and Challenges: For the Butadiene Plant project

    Berzins, M.

    451

    A Framework for Describing Web Repositories Frank McCown  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , dark and grey web repos- itories; and states of recoverability (vulnerable, replicated, endangeredA Framework for Describing Web Repositories Frank McCown Department of Computer Science Harding to "lazily preserve" websites and re- construct them when they are lost. We use the term "web repositories

    Nelson, Michael L.

    452

    Michael E. McClain Department of Environmental  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    AMAZON Michael E. McClain Department of Environmental Studies Florida International University forms. Consequently, research needs in relation to these rivers tend to focus on restoration of degraded. It is instead how to protect the system as processes of development proceed. This situation constitutes a rare

    McClain, Michael

    453

    Hydrogen in compound semiconductors M. D. McCluskeya)  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hydrogen in compound semiconductors M. D. McCluskeya) and N. M. Johnson Xerox Palo Alto Research Center, Palo Alto, California 94304 Received 9 October 1998; accepted 18 December 1998 Hydrogen can consequence of hydrogenation is the passivation of dopant impurities, which leads to a decrease

    McCluskey, Matthew

    454

    8 McCormick / spring stories from the intersection  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    simultaneously for one month. W W W .T H E G R E AT I N T E R S E C T I O N . C O M DNA molecules (light green surface. #12;9McCormick / spring Energy and environment New process blocks unwanted reactants in oxide transformations, including cleaning waste- water, curbing tailpipe emissions, and synthesizing most consumer

    Chen, Wei

    455

    On Extremes and Crashes Alexander J. McNeil  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to withstand extreme winds or extreme water levels. The 50­year return level is a level which, on averageOn Extremes and Crashes Alexander J. McNeil Departement Mathematik ETH Zentrum CH­8092 Z¨urich Tel in extreme value theory as part of his mathematics degree. He therefore decides to undertake an analysis

    McNeil, Alexander J.

    456

    On Extremes and Crashes Alexander J. McNeil  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    extreme winds or extreme water levels. The 50-year return level is a level which, on average, should onlyOn Extremes and Crashes Alexander J. McNeil Departement Mathematik ETH Zentrum CH-8092 Zurich Tel in extreme value theory as part of his mathematics degree. He therefore decides to undertake an analysis

    McNeil, Alexander J.

    457

    Stochastic quantization weakening and quantum entanglement decoherence  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The paper investigates the non-local property of quantum mechanics in the quantum hydrodynamic analogy (QHA) given by Madelung. The role of the quantum potential in generating the non-local dynamics of quantum mechanics is analyzed. The work shows how in presence of noise the non-local properties as well as the quantization of the action are perturbed. The resulting stochastic QHA dynamics much depend by the strength of the interaction: Strongly bounded systems (such as linear ones) lead to quantum entangled stochastic behavior, while weakly bounded ones may be not able to maintain the quantum superposition of states on large distances and may loose their macro-scale quantum coherence acquiring the classical stochastic evolution . The work shows that in the frame of the stochastic approach it is possible to have freedom between quantum weakly bounded systems. The stochastic QHA model shows that the wave-function collapse to an eigenstates (deriving by interaction of a quantum microscopic system with a classical (macroscopic) one) can be described by the model itself as a kinetic quantum (relaxation) process to a stationary state. Since the time of the wave function decay to the eigenstate represents the minimum duration time of a measurement, the minimum uncertainty principle is shown to be compatible with the relativistic postulate about the light speed as the maximum velocity of transmission of interaction. About this topic, the paper shows that the Lorenz invariance of the relativistic quantum potential (coming from the Dirac equation) enforces the hypothesis that the superluminal transmission of information are not present in measurements on quantum entangled state.

    Piero Chiarelli

    2014-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

    458

    Combined Quantum Mechanical and Molecular Mechanics Studies of the  

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation Proposed New SubstationClean Communities ofCellulosic(SNfactory)

    459

    From Quantum Mechanics to String Theory  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    's Constant Newton's constant G appears in the universal law of gravitation: It determines the strength potential energy that we see as mass a spontaneously broken symmetry is a symmetry of the laws of nature. An object of mass m in a gravitational field g feels a force of F = mg This is similar to electromagnetism

    460

    An elementary introduction to Quantum mechanic  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of these developments not only in terms of program but also from an educational point of view, especially for students successful for the study of atoms, the nucleus and the classification of elementary particles using SU (3 potential, the Quarks model and the classification: of chemical elements and elementary particles. We

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mc quantum mechanics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
    While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
    they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
    We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
    to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


    461

    From Quantum Mechanics to String Theory  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    types of interactions produces distinctive scattering patterns new particles are produced when the scattering event has enough energy to produce them to get particles up to high energies, experimentalists use generally measure the momenta and energies of particles coming out of a scattering event. From

    462

    Morphing quantum mechanics and fluid dynamics  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    We investigate the effects of given pressure gradients on hydrodynamic flow equations. We obtain results in terms of implicit solutions and also in the framework of an extra-dimensional formalism involving the diffusion/Schrodinger equation.

    Thomas Curtright; David Fairlie

    2003-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

    463

    Mechanical quantum resonators A. N. Cleland  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . The computational qubits are eigenstates of large-area, current-biased Josephson junctions. Two or more qubits of the qubits. The integrated system is analogous to one or more few-level atoms (the Josephson junction qubits in a Josephson junction can be passed to the nanomechanical resonator and stored there, and then can be passed

    Geller, Michael R.

    464

    Summer 2011 Black Holes and Quantum Mechanics  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to interstellar space, or perhaps the incineration of a planet by the Sun. The interplanetary gravitational

    465

    New Methods for Quantum Mechanical Reaction Dynamics  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    because the dependence of kjK on J and K is very simple.T h e partial rate constant kjK(T), w i t h i n the hehcityshown o n a semilog plot, kjK(T) vs. K is nonlinear but can

    Thompson, Ward H.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    466

    Quantum discord determines the interferometric power of quantum states  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Quantum metrology exploits quantum mechanical laws to improve the precision in estimating technologically relevant parameters such as phase, frequency, or magnetic fields. Probe states are usually tailored on the particular dynamics whose parameters are being estimated. Here we consider a novel framework where quantum estimation is performed in an interferometric configuration, using bipartite probe states prepared when only the spectrum of the generating Hamiltonian is known. We introduce a figure of merit for the scheme, given by the worst case precision over all suitable Hamiltonians, and prove that it amounts exactly to a computable measure of discord-type quantum correlations for the input probe. We complement our theoretical results with a metrology experiment, realized in a highly controllable room-temperature nuclear magnetic resonance setup, which provides a proof-of-concept demonstration for the usefulness of discord in sensing applications. Discordant probes are shown to guarantee a nonzero precision in the estimation procedure for different generating Hamiltonians, while classically correlated probes are unable to accomplish the estimation in a worst case setting. This work establishes a rigorous and direct operational interpretation for general quantum correlations, shedding light on their potential for quantum technology.

    Davide Girolami; Alexandre M. Souza; Vittorio Giovannetti; Tommaso Tufarelli; Jefferson G. Filgueiras; Roberto S. Sarthour; Diogo O. Soares-Pinto; Ivan S. Oliveira; Gerardo Adesso

    2014-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

    467

    Auxiliary feedwater system risk-based inspection guide for the McGuire nuclear power plant  

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    In a study sponsored by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC), Pacific Northwest Laboratory has developed and applied a methodology for deriving plant-specific risk-based inspection guidance for the auxiliary feedwater (AFW) system at pressurized water reactors that have not undergone probabilistic risk assessment (PRA). This methodology uses existing PRA results and plant operating experience information. Existing PRA-based inspection guidance information recently developed for the NRC for various plants was used to identify generic component failure modes. This information was then combined with plant-specific and industry-wide component information and failure data to identify failure modes and failure mechanisms for the AFW system at the selected plants. McGuire was selected as one of a series of plants for study. The product of this effort is a prioritized listing of AFW failures which have occurred at the plant and at other PWRs. This listing is intended for use by NRC inspectors in the preparation of inspection plans addressing AFW risk-important components at the McGuire plant.

    Bumgardner, J.D.; Lloyd, R.C.; Moffitt, N.E.; Gore, B.F.; Vo, T.V. [Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States)

    1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    468

    McMaster Association of Part-Time Students Board of Directors Meeting Minutes  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    proxy), Eric Siu, Sean Spratt, Michael Westcott (by proxy), Allan Wong REGRETS Anna Marinelli ABSENT McGuire External: Kyra Machèn (chair), Min-Ju Evans, Joe McGuire, Eric Siu Finance: Westcott (chair

    Hitchcock, Adam P.

    469

    EA-1848: Fulcrum Sierra Waste-to-Ethanol Facility in McCarran...  

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    8: Fulcrum Sierra Waste-to-Ethanol Facility in McCarran, Storey County, NV EA-1848: Fulcrum Sierra Waste-to-Ethanol Facility in McCarran, Storey County, NV June 1, 2011 EA-1848:...

    470

    Option Pricing for Inventory Management and Control Bryant Angelos, McKay Heasley, and Jeffrey Humpherys  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Option Pricing for Inventory Management and Control Bryant Angelos, McKay Heasley, and Jeffrey such Bryant Angelos and McKay Heasley are research assistants under the advisement of Jeffrey Humpherys

    Humpherys, Jeffrey

    471

    V-225: McAfee Email Gateway SMTP Processing Flaw Lets Remote...  

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Gateway Lets Remote Users Bypass Authentication and Conduct Cross-Site Scripting and Directory Traversal Attacks T-688: McAfee Security Bulletin - McAfee SaaS Endpoint Protection...

    472

    Senior U.S. Energy Department Official to Tour Daikin McQuay...  

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Daikin McQuay Manufacturing Facility in Plymouth, Minn., Visit Rochester IBEW Wind Turbine Training Facility Senior U.S. Energy Department Official to Tour Daikin McQuay...

    473

    U-020: McAfee Web Gateway Web Access Cross Site Scripting Vulnerabilit...  

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    U-020: McAfee Web Gateway Web Access Cross Site Scripting Vulnerability U-020: McAfee Web Gateway Web Access Cross Site Scripting Vulnerability October 26, 2011 - 9:00am Addthis...

    474

    McGill Cancer NutritionRehabilitation Program Annual Report 2010 AAPPPPEENNDDIIXX II  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McGill Cancer NutritionRehabilitation Program Annual Report 2010 Appendix-1 AAPPPPEENNDDIIXX II CCLLIINNIICCAALL AACCTTIIVVIITTYY MCGILL CANCER NUTRITIONREHABILITATION PROGRAM changes in team structure in 2010. ** No Social Worker on staff in 2010. #12;McGill Cancer Nutrition

    Barthelat, Francois

    475

    AMEAerospace & Mechanical  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    AMEAerospace & Mechanical Engineering #12;Aerospace and Mechanical Engineers design complex mechanical, thermal, fluidic, acousti- cal, optical, and electronic systems, with char- acteristic sizes space. Aerospace and Mechanical Engineering (AME) students conduct basic and applied research within

    Wang, Hai

    476

    Quantum lattice gas model of Dirac particles in 1+1 dimensions  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Presented is a quantum computing representation of Dirac particle dynamics. The approach employs an operator splitting method that is an analytically closed-form product decomposition of the unitary evolution operator. This allows the Dirac equation to be cast as a unitary finite-difference equation in a high-energy limit. The split evolution operator (with separate kinetic and interaction terms) is useful for efficient quantum simulation. For pedagogical purposes, here we restrict the treatment to Dirac particle dynamics in 1+1 spacetime dimensions. Independent derivations of the quantum algorithm are presented and the model's validity is tested in several quantum simulations by comparing the numerical results against analytical predictions. Using the relativistic quantum algorithm in the case when mc^2 >> pc, quantum simulations of a nonrelativistic particle in an external scalar square well and parabolic potential is presented.

    Jeffrey Yepez

    2013-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

    477

    Quantum Cavitation  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    We consider the theoretical setting of a superfluid like 3He in a rotating container, which is set between the two layers of a type-II superconductor. We describe the superfluid vortices as a 2-dimensional Ising-like model on a triangular lattice in presence of local magnetic fields. The interaction term of the superfluid vortices with the Abrikosov vortices of the superconductor appears then as a symmetry breaking term in the free energy. Such a term gives a higher probability of quantum tunnelling across the potential barrier for bubbles nucleation, thus favouring quantum cavitation.

    Paola Zizzi; Eliano Pessa; Fabio Cardone

    2010-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

    478

    LETTER Communicated by Martin McKeown Shared and Specific Independent Components Analysis  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .maneshi@mail.mcgill.ca Christophe Grova christophe.grova@mcgill.ca Biomedical Engineering Department, McGill University, Montreal

    Malfait, Nicole

    479

    Techniques for noise suppression and robust control in spin-based quantum information processors  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Processing information quantum mechanically allows the relatively efficient solution of many important problems thought to be intractable on a classical computer. A primary challenge in experimentally implementing a quantum ...

    Borneman, Troy William

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    480

    IQINNOVATION QUEST McMasterUniversity'sResearchNewsmagazineFall2013  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Humphreys 12 Do brain exercises improve cognition? Scott Watter 13 Innovative helmet measures impact on the brain Hubert de Bruin Research news 9 McMaster hosts inaugural Ontario Brain Innovation Council meeting 14 Signed & Sealed: McMaster and Fraunhofer formalize partnership 15 Meet McMaster's newest Canada

    Trainor, Laurel J.

    Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mc quantum mechanics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
    While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
    they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
    We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
    to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


    481

    Copyright 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. CSC312 Principles of Programming Languages  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. CSC312 Principles of Programming Languages : Parser #12;Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Quick Review ­ LL & LR Grammar and Parser · A calculation ­ algorithm for computing the nullable sets #12;Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc

    Shen, Xipeng

    482

    Copyright 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. CSC312 Principles of Programming Languages  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. CSC312 Principles of Programming Languages : Regular Expression and Lexer #12;Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Review * Compiler;Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Contents 3.1 Chomsky Hierarchy 3.2 Lexical Analysis 3

    Shen, Xipeng

    483

    Copyright 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. CSC312 Principles of Programming Languages  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. CSC312 Principles of Programming Languages : Lambda Calculus in Further Depth #12;Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Lambda Calculus parameter specify the function body #12;Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. #12;Copyright

    Shen, Xipeng

    484

    Copyright 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. CSC312 Principles of Programming Languages  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. CSC312 Principles of Programming Languages : Semantics #12;Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Contents 7.1 Motivation 7.2 Expression.7 Exception Handling Semantics #12;Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 7.1 Motivation To provide

    Shen, Xipeng

    485

    Copyright 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. CSC312 Principles of Programming Languages  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. CSC312 Principles of Programming Languages : Scope #12;Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 4.1 Syntactic Issues 4.2 Variables 4.3 Scope 4;Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Recall that the term binding is an association between

    Shen, Xipeng

    486

    Copyright The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. Parallel Programming  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. Parallel Programming in C with MPI and OpenMP Michael J. Quinn #12;Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies;Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. Learning

    Rodriguez, Noemi

    487

    Copyright 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. CSC312 Principles of Programming Languages  

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

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    Copyright 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. CSC312 Principles of Programming Languages  

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    Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. CSC312 Principles of Programming Languages : Grammars (2) Xipeng Shen #12;Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Contents 2.1 Grammars ! 2.5.2 Abstract Syntax Trees #12;Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. BNF Grammar Set of productions

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    Copyright 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. CSC312 Principles of Programming Languages  

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    Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. CSC312 Principles of Programming Languages : Parser #12;Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Recursive Descent Parser (cont.) Outline with an example · Basic coding · Output abstract syntax tree #12;Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc

    Shen, Xipeng

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    Copyright 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. CSC312 Principles of Programming Languages  

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    Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. CSC312 Principles of Programming Languages : Syntax (4) Xipeng Shen #12;Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Review: Extended BNF (EBNF;Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Fig. 2.7 Clite Grammar: Statements Program int main

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    Copyright 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Object Oriented Programming  

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    Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Chapter 13 Object Oriented Programming #12;Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Contents 13.1 Prelude: Abstract Data Types 13.2 The Object Model 13.4 Java #12;Copyright © 2006 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. 13.1 Prelude: Abstract Data Types

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    492

    U-244: McAfee Email Gateway Lets Remote Users Bypass Authentication...  

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

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    The McCormack model for gas mixtures: Plane Couette flow R. D. M. Garcia HSH Scientific Computing flow for a binary gas mixture described by the McCormack kinetic model. The solution yields, defined for binary gas mixtures in terms of the McCormack model, for semi-infinite media14 Kramers

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    Quantum++ - A C++11 quantum computing library  

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    Quantum++ is a general-purpose multi-threaded quantum computing library written in C++11 and composed solely of header files. The library is not restricted to qubit systems or specific quantum information processing tasks, being capable of simulating arbitrary quantum processes. The main design factors taken in consideration were ease of use, portability, and performance.

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    2014-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    496

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    The Quantum Fourier Transform offers an interesting way to perform arithmetic operations on a quantum computer. We review existing Quantum Fourier Transform adders and multipliers and propose some modifications that extend their capabilities. Among the new circuits, we propose a quantum method to compute the weighted average of a series of inputs in the transform domain.

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    An operator-valued quantum phase space formula is constructed. The phase space formula of Quantum Mechanics provides a natural link between first and second quantization, thus contributing to the understanding of quantization problem. By the combination of quantization and hamiltonization of dynamics, a quantization hierarchy is introduced, beyond the framework of first and second quantization and generalizing the standard quantum theory. We apply our quantization method to quantum many-body system and propose an eclectic model, in which the dimension of Hilbert space does not scale exponentially with the number of particles due to the locality of interaction, and the evolution is a constrained Hamiltonian dynamics.

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    Strongly correlated quantum fluids are phases of matter that are intrinsically quantum mechanical, and that do not have a simple description in terms of weakly interacting quasi-particles. Two systems that have recently attracted a great deal of interest are the quark-gluon plasma, a plasma of strongly interacting quarks and gluons produced in relativistic heavy ion collisions, and ultracold atomic Fermi gases, very dilute clouds of atomic gases confined in optical or magnetic traps. These systems differ by more than 20 orders of magnitude in temperature, but they were shown to exhibit very similar hydrodynamic flow. In particular, both fluids exhibit a robustly low shear viscosity to entropy density ratio which is characteristic of quantum fluids described by holographic duality, a mapping from strongly correlated quantum field theories to weakly curved higher dimensional classical gravity. This review explores the connection between these fields, and it also serves as an introduction to the Focus Issue of New Journal of Physics on Strongly Correlated Quantum Fluids: from Ultracold Quantum Gases to QCD Plasmas. The presentation is made accessible to the general physics reader and includes discussions of the latest research developments in all three areas.

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    The purpose of this contribution is to give an introduction to quantum geometry and loop quantum gravity for a wide audience of both physicists and mathematicians. From a physical point of view the emphasis will be on conceptual issues concerning the relationship of the formalism with other more traditional approaches inspired in the treatment of the fundamental interactions in the standard model. Mathematically I will pay special attention to functional analytic issues, the construction of the relevant Hilbert spaces and the definition and properties of geometric operators: areas and volumes.

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    2008-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

    500

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