Sample records for mayan languages mende

  1. Business-Specific Languages for Organizational Modeling Joo Paulo Pedro Mendes de Sousa Saraiva 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    da Silva, Alberto Rodrigues

    Business-Specific Languages for Organizational Modeling João Paulo Pedro Mendes de Sousa Saraiva 1, there are many languages for business modeling, such as UML, BPMN and EPBE, which are well suited to describe. In business user- models, those concepts are usually only present as element names, and thus the modeling tool

  2. Kaqchikel and Spanish Language Contact: The Case of Bilingual Mayan Children

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heinze, Ivonne L.

    2004-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study examined the lexical and morphosyntactic knowledge of Kaqchikel Maya children in the Kaqchikel and Spanish languages. Eight bilingual children, who acquired Kaqchikel at home and Spanish at school participated ...

  3. The Acquisition of Mayan Morphosyntax

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pye, Clifton

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper assesses predictions for the acquisition of Mayan verbal inflections derived from structural, comparative and metrical theories. The structuralist theory of Wexler (1998) fails to predict K'iche' (Kiche) ...

  4. How Do You Mend a Broken Heart?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Service, Shannon

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Rebounding from a broken heart, then, may not so dissimilarHow Do You Mend a Broken Heart? It was seven hours into ourartists often do: they put their hearts on display. Cobbling

  5. How Do You Mend a Broken Heart?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Service, Shannon

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Rebounding from a broken heart, then, may not so dissimilarHow Do You Mend a Broken Heart? It was seven hours into ourartists often do: they put their hearts on display. Cobbling

  6. MENDING THE IN SITU MANIPULATION BARRIER

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    PETERSEN, S.W.

    2006-02-06T23:59:59.000Z

    In early 2004, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Richland and Fluor Hanford requested technical assistance from the DOE Headquarters EM-23 Technical Assistance Program to provide a team of technical experts to develop recommendations for mending the In Situ Redox Manipulation (ISRM) Barrier in the 100-D Area of the Hanford Site in Washington State. To accommodate this request, EM-23 provided support to convene a group of technical experts from industry, a national laboratory, and a DOE site to participate in a 2 1/2-day workshop with the objective of identifying and recommending options to enhance the performance of the 100-D Area reactive barrier and of a planned extension to the northeast. This report provides written documentation of the team's findings and recommendations. In 1995, a plume of dissolved hexavalent chromium [Cr(VI)], which resulted from operation of the D/DR Reactors at the Hanford site, was discovered along the Columbia River shoreline and in the 100-D Area. Between 1999 and 2003, a reactive barrier using the In Situ Redox Manipulation (ISRM) technology, was installed a distance of 680 meters along the river to reduce the Cr(VI) in the groundwater. The ISRM technology creates a treatment zone within the aquifer by injection of sodium dithionite, a strong reducing agent that scavenges dissolved oxygen (DO) from the aquifer and reduces ferric iron [Fe(III)], related metals, and oxy-ions. The reduction of Fe(III) to ferrous [Fe(II)] iron provides the primary reduction capacity to reduce Cr(VI) to the +3 state, which is less mobile and less toxic. Bench-scale and field-scale treatability tests were initially conducted to demonstrate proof-of principle and to provide data for estimation of barrier longevity. These calculations estimated barrier longevity in excess of twenty years. However, several years after initial and secondary treatment, groundwater in a number of wells has been found to contain elevated chromium (Cr) concentrations, indicating some loss of reductive capacity within the aquifer. The Technical Assistance Team (TAT) was requested to perform the following activities: (1) evaluate the most probable condition(s) that has led to the presence of Cr(VI) in 12 different barrier wells (i.e. premature loss of reductive capacity), (2) recommend methods for determining the cause of the problem, (3) recommend methods for evaluating the magnitude of the problem, (4) recommend practicable method(s) for mending the barrier that involves a long-term solution, and (5) recommend methods for extending the barrier to the northeast (e.g., changing injection procedure, changing or augmenting the injected material). Since the March 2004 workshop, a decision has been made to place a hold on the barrier extension until more is known about the cause of the problem. However, the report complies with the original request for information on all of the above activities, but focuses on determining the cause of the problem and mending of the existing barrier.

  7. Finding and Mending Barrier Gaps in Wireless Sensor Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Benyuan

    Finding and Mending Barrier Gaps in Wireless Sensor Networks Anwar Saipulla Benyuan Liu Jie Wang--Constructing sensing barriers using wireless sensor networks has important applications in military operations results show that our algorithms can effectively improve the barrier coverage of a wireless sensor network

  8. Pierre Mends-France et le Maroc : un homme encercl ? David Lambert

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Pierre Mendès-France et le Maroc : un « homme encerclé » ? David Lambert UMR 5136 Framespa l'apparent attentisme du président Mendès-France à l'égard du Maroc. Ainsi A. Grosser, en 1984, qui : « passons sur le Maroc. La discontinuité se produira en 19551 ». Ou encore Hervé Bleuchotqui, dans son

  9. Mayan People Within and Beyond Boundaries: Social Categories and Lived Identity in Yucatn

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Metz, Brent

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    by the fact that tax privileges were cut in 1699. To make themselves more indispensable, the nobles organized military detachments to captureMaya refugees who fled encomienda. p.5 Begins discussing the topography and geology, but no reference to map. A... bought when she was young and vulnerable. p.144-146 3 Campeche male Mayan friends help Maria celebrate it every year because of a vow they made to her years ago when her husband died. They dont rationalize it, but unreflectively practice...

  10. Proton aurora in the cusp during southward IMF H. U. Frey and S. B. Mende

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    Proton aurora in the cusp during southward IMF H. U. Frey and S. B. Mende Space Sciences Laboratory 2003. [1] One of the most distinct aurorae in the high-latitude dayside region occurs at the footprint-duration observations of the proton aurora in this region and thus enables morphological and quantitative studies

  11. Proton aurora in the cusp H. U. Frey, S. B. Mende, and T. J. Immel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    Proton aurora in the cusp H. U. Frey, S. B. Mende, and T. J. Immel Space Sciences Laboratory) on the Imager for Magnetopause-to- Aurora Global Exploration (IMAGE) spacecraft observes intense ultraviolet; KEYWORDS: aurora, cusp, proton, precipitation, reconnection, interplanetary magnetic field (MLT) 1

  12. EVALUATION OF AMENDMENTS FOR MENDING THE INSITU REDOX MANIPULATION (ISRM) BARRIER

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    PETERSEN, S.W.

    2006-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

    In May of 2004, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Richland and Fluor Hanford requested technical assistance from DOE Headquarters EM-23 to provide a team of technical experts to evaluate likely chemical/biological amendments for mending the In Situ Redox Manipulation (ISRM) Barrier in the 100-D Area of the Hanford Site. This request was a follow-on to an earlier request for assistance regarding the cause of chromium (Cr) breakthrough and recommendations for mending the barrier (March 2004 workshop). This report provides written documentation of the team's findings and recommendations. In 1995, a plume of dissolved hexavalent chromium [Cr(VI)] was discovered along the Columbia River shoreline and in the 100-D Area. Between 1999 and 2003, a reactive barrier using the ISRM technology, was installed at a distance of 680 meters along the river to reduce the Cr(VI) in the groundwater. The ISRM technology creates a treatment zone within the aquifer by injection of sodium dithionite, a strong reducing agent that scavenges dissolved oxygen (DO) from the aquifer and reduces ferric iron [Fe(III)], related metals, and oxy-ions. Bench-scale and field-scale treatability tests were conducted to demonstrate proof-of principle and to estimate barrier longevity, calculated to be in excess of twenty years. However, several years after initial and secondary treatment, groundwater in approximately 17 wells has been found to contain elevated Cr concentrations. The March 2004 technical assistance team (TAT) identified potential causes of Cr breakthrough as likely related to physical and chemical heterogeneity within the aquifer (including loss of reductive capacity within preferential flow paths) and the presence of other oxidants (DO and nitrate) significantly affecting the reductive capacity of the treated aquifer. These aquifer characteristics may limit the ability of alternative amendments to extend the reducing capacity of the barrier. A 2001 Bechtel Hanford report and evaluation of the ISRM performance data and barrier longevity assessment corroborate the observations and findings of the March 2004 TAT. The March 2004 TAT recommended the collection of new aquifer characterization data in combination with the interpretation of existing data to develop a conceptual model of aquifer heterogeneity to enable design of the most appropriate barrier mending system. The current TAT was convened to examine the most promising amendment that could be applied to mend the ISRM barrier. The Technical Assistance Team (TAT) performed the following activities: (1) Evaluate the most appropriate single or combination of chemical/biological amendments suitable for increasing the reductive capacity of the ISRM barrier; (2) Evaluate the most practicable means of introducing chemical/biological amendments in the target zones along the current BRM barrier; (3) Provide recommendations for laboratory treatability-testing protocol development to evaluate the type and delivery mechanisms of amendments in the current ISRM barrier location. Sections of this report present analyses and recommendations of potential amendments and delivery options to improve performance of the ISRM barrier. The report covers the spectrum of passive barrier mending to chemical and biological amendments that have been shown to perform more efficiently in more active remedial design approaches. Because DOE/RL is considering significant aquifer characterization studies as additional time and cost investment to mending the barrier, the TAT strongly recommends that DOE/RL conduct cost-benefit analyses of alternative designs to mend the barrier. In this way, the value and extent of characterization studies, compared to passive amendment delivery, compared to engineering redesign, can be quantitatively estimated for decision-making purposes.

  13. IMAGE and FAST observations of substorm recovery phase aurora Stephen B. Mende, Harald U. Frey, Charles W. Carlson, and J. McFadden

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    IMAGE and FAST observations of substorm recovery phase aurora Stephen B. Mende, Harald U. Frey aurora. In agreement with IMAGE, the highest intensity proton flux measured by FAST was concentrated latitude diffuse oval occasional structured auroras were embedded. These structured auroras were mostly

  14. Intense droughts blamed for Mayan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Valero-Cuevas, Francisco

    commercial GM crops produce bumper yields PENTAGON'S PLEDGE US promises no civilian GPS blackout in the event

  15. Language Interoperability and Logic Programming Languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cook, Jonathan J

    We discuss P#, our implementation of a tool which allows interoperation between a concurrent superset of the Prolog programming language and C#. This enables Prolog to be used as a native implementation language for Microsoft's .NET platform. P...

  16. Creating a Cognitive Agent in a Virtual World: Planning, Navigation, and Natural Language Generation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hewlett, William

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Generation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Language Generation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Language Generation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

  17. TomAS -Tomographic Algorithms and Ultrasound Simulation1 D. Zerfowski2, T. Rohlfing2, U. Mende3, Th. Beth2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zerfowski, Detlef

    language - Geometric primitives like ellipsoids, boxes, cylinders, etc. - Rotation, translation, copying dimensional wavelet transforms - Threshold operators on subbands for de- noising or compression - Convolution stencil. - Frequency and minimal phase velocity de- termine spatial sampling. - Spatial sampling

  18. English Language Policy 1 English Language Policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    University of Technology, Sydney

    English Language Policy 1 English Language Policy Abstract This policy sets out UTS's requirements their courses of study. Dates Policy or amendment approved Policy or amendment takes effect Policy is due for review (up to 5 years) 03/11/2010 22/11/2010 11/2015 Policy amendment approved 02/11/2011 Approved

  19. transformation languages Introduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nierstrasz, Oscar

    transformation languages Introduction Transformation languages are widely used for to process can I change / transform the design of a certain task without changing it's logic The common/and hierarchical or/and abstract set of information. It can even be a stream of data. · The transformation engine

  20. Languages Mentor Job description

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anderson, Jim

    Blue 1 Languages Mentor Job description Department: Student Administration and Registry Location: Varies - as advised by the Outreach and Partnership Team Job title: Languages Mentor Responsible to: UK overall for e-mentoring 4 mentees (based on a rate of 6.42 per hour this amounts an average of 30 minutes

  1. Statistical Language Modelling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gotoh, Yoshihiko; Renals, Steve

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the underlying models from large amounts of data. Importantly, such statistical approaches often produce useful results. Statistical approaches seem especially well-suited to spoken language which is often spontaneous or conversational and not readily amenable...

  2. Extensions to Metadata Languages for Environmental Primary Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    IBANEZ, LUIS M.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Climate Science Modelling Language 51. CSML Customizable85. EML Educational Modelling Language 86. EPML EPC MarkupLanguage Educational Modelling Language Rule Markup Language

  3. Language acquisition and implication for language change: A computational model.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clark, Robert A J

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Computer modeling techniques, when applied to language acquisition problems, give an often unrealized insight into the diachronic change that occurs in language over successive generations. This paper shows that using ...

  4. Bosnian Croatian Serbian Language Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eustice, Ryan

    Bosnian Croatian Serbian Language Program U M Department of Slavic Languages and Literatures In the past 10 years the program of Bosnian/Croatian/Serbian at U-M has constantly been expanding

  5. Natural language and spatial reasoning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tellex, Stefanie, 1980-

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Making systems that understand language has long been a dream of artificial intelligence. This thesis develops a model for understanding language about space and movement in realistic situations. The system understands ...

  6. Named entity tagged language models.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gotoh, Yoshihiko; Renals, Steve; Williams, Gethin

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We introduce Named Entity (NE) Language Modelling, a stochastic finite state machine approach to identifying both words and NE categories from a stream of spoken data. We provide an overview of our approach to NE tagged language model (LM...

  7. Language Issues for Cognitive Radio

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kokar, Mieczyslaw M.

    INVITED P A P E R Language Issues for Cognitive Radio Computer languages that may be useful for expressing cognitive radio concepts are identified and evaluated in this tutorial paper. By Mieczyslaw M aspects of formal languages in the context of cognitive radio. A bottom up approach is taken in which

  8. SPEECH-LANGUAGE-HEARING CLINIC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Veiga, Pedro Manuel Barbosa

    SPEECH-LANGUAGE- HEARING CLINIC AT OSU-TULSA The OSU-Tulsa Speech-Language-Hearing Clinic provides comprehensive services to the Tulsa metropolitan area while offering training opportunities for graduate communication (AAC) OSU-TULSA SPEECH-LANGUAGE-HEARING CLINIC North Hall 391 700 N. Greenwood Avenue Tulsa, OK

  9. TOWARDS INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS FOR LANGUAGE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    ) developed by the International Standards Organization TC32 SC4, which is to serve as a basis for harmonizingChapter # TOWARDS INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS FOR LANGUAGE RESOURCES Nancy Ide and Laurent Romary-284" #12;2 Chapter # Language Engineering Standards (EAGLES) and the International Standard for Language

  10. Workshop on Composition Languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schneider, Jean-Guy

    European Conference on Object-Oriented Programming #12;#12;Workshop on Composition Languages (WCL 2002 and Thomas Genssler Co-located with the 16th European Conference on Object-Oriented Programming #12;Copyright in Malaga, Spain on June 11, 2002. The workshop was affiliated with the 16th European Conference on Object

  11. Cross Language Transfer and Foreign Language Learning Motivation in English and Chinese

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cho, Eunhee

    2014-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation investigated two issues: cross-language transfer among three typologically distant languagesKorean, English, and Chineseand the language learning motivation of Korean students as it relates to two foreign languages...

  12. Reading, Language, & The Brain: Research,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    socioeconomic groups, Economically disadvantaged children, English language learners, and students with Dyslexia speech-sound disorders and dyslexia. HTI serves to communicate this knowledge to the public through

  13. Proficiency in spoken and written language Secondary Foreign Language Education

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rhode Island, University of

    Interview (OPI) and the Writing Proficiency Test (WPT) with Language Testing International [www must provide proof by oral examination (OPI) of a proficiency level in speaking of Advanced Low of intensive language instruction to move their OPI ratings from Intermediate-High to Advanced-Low. [Liskin

  14. Grounding language models in spatiotemporal context

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roy, Brandon C.

    Natural language is rich and varied, but also highly structured. The rules of grammar are a primary source of linguistic regularity, but there are many other factors that govern patterns of language use. Language models ...

  15. Natural Language Processing Methods for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Natural Language Processing Methods for Automatic Illustration of Text Richard Johansson Licentiate of Language Technology #12;ISSN 1652-4691 Licentiate Thesis 4, 2006 LU-CS-LIC:2006-1 Thesis submitted for partial fulfilment of the degree of licentiate. Department of Computer Science Lund Institute

  16. Arts & Humanities Languages, Linguistics, & Literature

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Interdisciplinary Studies BA Japanese BA MA PhD Journalism BA Korean BA MA PhD Library & Information MA Sciences & Translation Studies Language Learning Center National Foreign Language Resource Center The Colleges of Arts of undergraduate and graduate degrees conferred are in Arts & Sciences disciplines, indicative of the key role

  17. Standards for language encoding: ISO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Erjavec, Toma?

    Standards for language encoding: ISO Tomaz Erjavec Dept. of Knowledge Technologies Jozef Stefan Institute ESSLLI 2011 #12;Overview of the lecture 1. How ISO works 2. ISO TC 37 3. Dates, times & languages 4. ISO Annotation Frameworks #12;http://www.iso.org/ The world's largest developer and publisher

  18. Quantum Physics and Human Language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    James B. Hartle

    2006-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

    Human languages employ constructions that tacitly assume specific properties of the limited range of phenomena they evolved to describe. These assumed properties are true features of that limited context, but may not be general or precise properties of all the physical situations allowed by fundamental physics. In brief, human languages contain `excess baggage' that must be qualified, discarded, or otherwise reformed to give a clear account in the context of fundamental physics of even the everyday phenomena that the languages evolved to describe. The surest route to clarity is to express the constructions of human languages in the language of fundamental physical theory, not the other way around. These ideas are illustrated by an analysis of the verb `to happen' and the word `reality' in special relativity and the modern quantum mechanics of closed systems.

  19. Boston Urban Farm : mending the Southwest Corridor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Timothy Eric

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This work studies Boston's segregated nature in terms of race and class especially as this coincides with the physical form of the city. Known for its strong neighborhoods, Boston cannot escape definite boundaries between ...

  20. How Do You Mend a Broken Heart?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Service, Shannon

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    hours into our flight to Croatia that I starting worryingcollected and assembled in Croatias newly opened Museum oflong hours coordinating Croatias biggest film festival; and

  1. How Do You Mend a Broken Heart?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Service, Shannon

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    hours into our flight to Croatia that I starting worryingcollected and assembled in Croatias newly opened Museum oflong hours coordinating Croatias biggest film festival; and

  2. How Do You Mend a Broken Heart?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Service, Shannon

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    at the hand made, prosthetic boobs. One droopy breast wass furniture, the lopsided boobs, the glass box filled with a

  3. How Do You Mend a Broken Heart?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Service, Shannon

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    at the hand made, prosthetic boobs. One droopy breast wass furniture, the lopsided boobs, the glass box filled with a

  4. D E B O R A H L . C R O O K S / U N I V E R S I T Y OF KENTUCKY Biocultural Factors in School

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pawlowski, Wojtek

    of challenges to their success in school. Mayan ethnicity, language, and traditional eco- nomic strategies both quantitative and qualita- tive techniques to explore the complex web of relation- ships among

  5. CAMAC Command Language February 1993

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at San Diego, University of

    CAMAC Command Language Reference Manual February 1993 Software Version: MDS 5.2 VAX/VMS Version 4 Equipment Corporation: CDD DECnet VAX DATATRIEVE DECUS VAXcluster DEC MicroVAX VAX Information Architecture

  6. The mystery of language evolution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hauser, Marc D.

    Understanding the evolution of language requires evidence regarding origins and processes that led to change. In the last 40 years, there has been an explosion of research on this problem as well as a sense that considerable ...

  7. RESIDENTIAL PROGRAM FOR LANGUAGE LEARNING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loudon, Catherine

    RESIDENTIAL PROGRAM FOR LANGUAGE LEARNING Live on-campus in 2014-15 and participate in a unique as part of a residential community in Arroyo Vista! Open to all undergraduate students with 2-3 years

  8. A Model for Indigenous Language Revival

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Montgomery-Anderson, Brad

    2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    to the scarcity of native speakers is but one reason for thinking that language revival may prove to be a workable model. Modern technology will also play a significant role in revival efforts for both extinct and nearly extinct languages. The Arikara language...A Model for Indigenous Language Revival Brad Montgomery-Anderson 1. Introduction If present trends continue, the majority of Native American languages will no longer be spoken by the end of this century. The process of extinction often happens...

  9. Language technologies in speech-enabled second language learning games : from reading to dialogue

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xu, Yushi, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Second language learning has become an important societal need over the past decades. Given that the number of language teachers is far below demand, computer-aided language learning software is becoming a promising ...

  10. Social biases toward children with speech and language impairments: A correlative causal model of language limitations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rice, Mabel L.; Hadley, Pamela A.; Alexander, Amy L.

    1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . The biases are interpreted as reflective of adults' expectations for children's language. It is argued that adults call upon a correlative causal model of language acquisition to interpret individual differences in children's language abilities. Negative...

  11. Network model of human language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Markosova, Maria

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The phenomenon of human language is widely studied from various points of view. It is interesting not only for social scientists, antropologists or philosophers, but also for those, interesting in the network dynamics. In several recent papers word web, or language as a graph has been investigated. In this paper I revise recent studies of syntactical word web. I present a model of growing network in which such processes as node addition, edge rewiring and new link creation are taken into account. I argue, that this model is a satisfactory minimal model explaining measured data.

  12. Language, Ideology and Politics in Croatia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kapovi?, Mate

    2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Based in part on his recent book ?iji je jezik? (Who does Language Belong to?), the author reviews the intricate relation of language, ideology, and politics in Croatia in the last 20 years, including new examples and analyses. The article...

  13. Languages and Species: Threats and Global Patterns

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sutherland, William

    2009-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Both languages and species are threatened with extinction. This talk will compare patterns of cultural and biological diversity. The aims will be to compare the extinction risk of languages with other groups and then compare the patterns...

  14. Lagrangian relaxation for natural language decoding

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rush, Alexander M. (Alexander Matthew)

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The major success story of natural language processing over the last decade has been the development of high-accuracy statistical methods for a wide-range of language applications. The availability of large textual data ...

  15. Linguistic Alignment in Natural Language Generation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Halberg, Gabrielle Manya

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    that are instantiated at generation time. . . . . . . . .that are instantiated at generation time. . Illustration ofin Natural Language Generation by Gabrielle Halberg

  16. Adding structure to agent programming languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zachmann, Gabriel

    Zachmann (Computer Graphics) #12;Adding structure to agent programming languages Peter Novák, Jürgen Dix

  17. Rapid Bootstrapping of five Eastern European Languages using the Rapid Language Adaptation Toolkit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schultz, Tanja

    achieved a word error rate (WER) of 16.9% for Bulgarian, 32.8% for Croatian, 23.5% for Czech, 20 and Data Resources 2.1. Peculiarities of Slavic Languages The five languages Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech-European language family, which totally contains about 20 languages and dialects. Bulgarian and Croatian are South

  18. CHARTER ON LANGUAGE POLICY AND LANGUAGE RIGHTS INTHE CREOLE-SPEAKING CARIBBEAN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berdichevsky, Victor

    CHARTER ON LANGUAGE POLICY AND LANGUAGE RIGHTS INTHE CREOLE-SPEAKING CARIBBEAN Kingston, Jamaica-Speaking Caribbean January 2011 PREAMBLE The Creole-speaking Caribbean state parties to the Charter on Language Policy and Language Rights in the Creole-speaking Caribbean, meeting in Kingston, Jamaica from January 13

  19. Robot Languages in the Eighties Giuseppina Gini

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gini, Giuseppina

    -purpose languages applied to robots and languages specifically designed for robotics. Criteria for making a choiceRobot Languages in the Eighties Giuseppina Gini Dept. of Electronics, Politecnico, Milan, Italy of general-purpose programming systems is rapidly changing; what are the consequences for robot programming

  20. Faculty of Humanities, Languages and Social Science

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Faculty of Humanities, Languages and Social Science Schools Outreach Programme The Faculty of Humanities, Languages and Social Science, are offering schools a wide range of outreach activity for students a new language, such as Chinese or Arabic. They can find out more about French cinema, Latin American

  1. Kansas and Foreign Language Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1959-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in addition to a modern language. All others taught in at least one additional subject. COllllllenting on the prohlem of school size, Dr . .James n. Conant ill his recent report on The Amef';ClI7I High School Todlly states: "The cnrollment of Illany...

  2. Command Language Interpreters February 1993

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at San Diego, University of

    MDS Command Language Interpreters Reference Manual February 1993 Software Version: MDS 5.2 VAX.S.A. The following are trademarks of Digitial Equipment Corporation: CDD DECnet VAX DATATRIEVE DECUS VAXcluster DEC MicroVAX VAX Information Architecture DEC/CMS MicroVMS VMS DEC/MMS Rdb/VMS VT IDL (Interactive Data

  3. TOWARDS INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS FOR LANGUAGE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ide, Nancy

    ) developed by the International Standards Organization TC32 SC4, which is to serve as a basis for harmonizing. It is in this context that a committee of the International Standards Organization (ISO), TC 37/SC 4Chapter # TOWARDS INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS FOR LANGUAGE RESOURCES Nancy Ide and Laurent Romary

  4. Regular Languages A language L is regular if one of the following is true

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waterloo, University of

    . Language of the FA: all such words · L(M) = {w * where *( q0, w) A} · or L(M) = {w * where M accepts w} LRegular Languages A language L is regular if one of the following is true: Regular Expression Language ? L = ? L = {} a L = {a} for some a r1* L = L1* for some regular language L1 r1 r2 L = L1 L2

  5. The Pumping Lemma Some languages are not regular languages.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bylander, Tom

    be the number of states in M. Create a long string w L. Show that if M accepts w, then M must accept some string w L. This contradicts assumption that L(M) = L. #12;2 Proof of the Pumping Lemma Theorem: Let L be a regular language. There exists a number m, for all w, if |w| m and w L, then there exists x, y, z

  6. Optimization Online - Extending Algebraic Modelling Languages for ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Christian Valente

    2006-12-27T23:59:59.000Z

    Dec 27, 2006 ... Extending Algebraic Modelling Languages for Stochastic Programming. Christian Valente(Christian.Valente ***at*** brunel.ac.uk) Gautam...

  7. An investigation of very high level languages and their implementation on a Forth language microprocessor

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Arnold, H.G.; Dress, W.B.; Loffman, R.S.

    1987-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The potential for using a Forth language microprocessor to implement very high level languages (VHLLs) in Artificial Intelligence research was investigated by surveying the current state-of-the-art of VHLLs, by benchmarking several computers and microcomputers against a customized Forth Language microprocessor, and by extrapolating the results to draw conclusions about implementing expert systems on the Forth language microprocessor. 20 refs., 6 figs., 1 tab.

  8. Academic Language Proficiency Development and Its Impact on Reading Comprehension: Within and Across Languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spies, Tracy

    2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    A path model of second language (L2; English) oral language and reading comprehension variables was tested on a sample of 100 Spanish-speaking English-language learners enrolled in a transitional bilingual program over a 3-year period. The data...

  9. Evolution of language The interest of the Pragmatics and cognition team for the evolution of language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Institut des Sciences Cognitives, CNRS

    Evolution of language The interest of the Pragmatics and cognition team for the evolution of the evolution of language wetted our apetites and some members of the team (i.e. Anne Reboul) are still actively engaged in research on the evolution of language. The well-known difficulties regarding this domain

  10. Adult Female English Language Learners: Investment, Identity and Benefits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wharton, Anna

    2013-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

    for investing in the English language. This study explores the self-recounted experiences of three adult female English language learners (ELLs) motivation for investing in English language learning, their identities and the benefits gained in a nonacademic...

  11. Theory and Implementation of a Functional Programming Language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Selinger, Peter

    present the languag* *e PPL, a strongly typed, call-by-name language which supports recursion and polym* *or- phism. We describe a compiler of PPL into a low-level assembly language. T* *he

  12. Theory and Implementation of a Functional Programming Language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Selinger, Peter

    begin with the study of the -calculus, an idealized mathematical language. We present the language PPL of PPL into a low-level assembly language. The compilation is based on an abstract machine interpretation

  13. Language assessment instruments: a study of language dominance tests in the Rio Grande Valley

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hickey, Concepcion Maria

    1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of their children's language use i s a useful and valid cri teri on s i nce they have the opportuni ty of regularly observing thei r children's language behavior in the home-family domain and in various role-relationships. Definition of Terms l. language... in the Rio Grande Valley; 3) to determine the degree and the nature of' correlation between parent, al language census data concerning language dominance of their children in the home-family domain as measured by the Home Bilingual Usage Estimate and test...

  14. Texas Dual Language Program Cost Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lara-Alecio, Rafael; Galloway, Martha; Mahadevan, Lakshmi; Mason, Ben; Irby, Beverly J.; Brown, Genevieve; Gmez, Leo

    2010-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

    .......................................................................................................... 4 Texas Dual Language Program Cost Analysis............................................................... 8 Literature Review ............................................................................................................. 8 English... inclusivity, dual language (DL) programs (sometimes referred to as two-way immersion) have seen a rapid increase in Texas and the nation, however, an extensive review of literature indicated that no national or state-wide studies have addressed the issue...

  15. The Blue Language1 Michael Klling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kent, University of

    1 The Blue Language1 Michael Kölling School of Computer Science and Software Engineering Monash. The system we are about to discuss is named Blue. Blue is an integrated programming environment and an object. In this issue, we discuss the language aspects of Blue. Next month we will continue the discussion by describing

  16. HLT/EMNLP 2005 Human Language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ) and the 9th International Workshop on Parsing Technologies (IWPT). In the HLT tradition, the conference Language Processing Proceedings of the Conference 6-8 October 2005 Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada #12HLT/EMNLP 2005 Human Language Technology Conference and Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural

  17. Finnish Native Language Identification Shervin Malmasi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    University Sydney, NSW, Australia shervin.malmasi@mq.edu.au Mark Dras Centre for Language Technology Macquarie University Sydney, NSW, Australia mark.dras@mq.edu.au Abstract We outline the first application Language Acquisition (SLA) and more recently though pre- dictive computational models in NLP (Jarvis

  18. A pattern language for sacred secular places

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joseph, Melanie Rachel

    2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

    to design and construct their own home, pattern language never quite caught up with those in the field of architecture, mostly because of its lack of flexibility. The core idea of Alexander?s pattern language was to arm architects, designers, and the common...

  19. Multi-language Struct Support in Babel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ebner, D; Prantl, A; Epperly, T W

    2011-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

    Babel is an open-source language interoperability framework tailored to the needs of high-performance scientific computing. As an integral element of the Common Component Architecture (CCA) it is used in a wide range of research projects. In this paper we describe how we extended Babel to support interoperable tuple data types (structs). Structs are a common idiom in scientific APIs; they are an efficient way to pass tuples of nonuniform data between functions, and are supported natively by most programming languages. Using our extended version of Babel, developers of scientific code can now pass structs as arguments between functions implemented in any of the supported languages. In C, C++ and Fortran 2003, structs can be passed without the overhead of data marshaling or copying, providing language interoperability at minimal cost. Other supported languages are Fortran 77, Fortran 90, Java and Python. We will show how we designed a struct implementation that is interoperable with all of the supported languages and present benchmark data compare the performance of all language bindings, highlighting the differences between languages that offer native struct support and an object-oriented interface with getter/setter methods.

  20. Language of the Internet NAOMI S. BARON

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carlini, David

    processing to facilitate working on the Internet and the World Wide Web (1.3) Section 2 Linguistic Issues for Communicating via the Web 1 As with so many aspects of the computing world, the nature of the language of this chapter. #12;2 summarize the types of Web coding systems (4.1) present an overview of Web markup languages

  1. Intrinsic Constraints on Language: Grammar and Hermeneutics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bickhard, Mark H.

    Intrinsic Constraints on Language: Grammar and Hermeneutics Mark H. Bickhard Mark H. Bickhard on Language: Grammar and Hermeneutics Mark H. Bickhard Abstract Functional and pragmatic approaches to grammar to its nature. I also show how phenomena of implicature, the hermeneutic circle, and forms of creative

  2. Factored Language Models for Statistical Machine Translation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koehn, Philipp

    Factored Language Models for Statistical Machine Translation Amittai E. Axelrod TH E U N I V E R . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 2.4.3 Log-Linear, Phrase-Based Translation Models . . . . . . . . . 11 3 Statistical Language S ITY OF E D I N B U R G H Master of Science by Research Institute for Communicating and Collaborative

  3. Optimization Modeling Languages Emmanuel Fragni`ere

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gondzio, Jacek

    Optimization Modeling Languages Emmanuel Fragni`ere HEC, Department of Management, University, 1999 1 #12;Abstract The access to advanced optimization software needs more and more sophisticated modeling tools. Optimization modeling languages are tools that facilitate the decision making process based

  4. Using similar tasks to increase negotiation of meaning and language production in an online second language learning environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arslanyilmaz, Abdurrahman

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    This study investigates the use of authentic subtitled similar task videos (ASSTVs) and their relationship to second language negotiation of meaning and language production among non-native speakers of English in an online task-based language...

  5. Model Acquisition Language for Energy-Efficient Product Contracts...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Technologies Energy-Efficient Products Model Acquisition Language for Energy-Efficient Product Contracts Model Acquisition Language for Energy-Efficient Product Contracts...

  6. automated natural language: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    natural language. Our focus is on physical quantities found Forbus, Kenneth D. 200 Abduction in Natural Language Understanding Jerry R. Hobbs Computer Technologies and...

  7. EM Conducts Third Annual Spanish Language Training with Record...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    EM Conducts Third Annual Spanish Language Training with Record Participation EM Conducts Third Annual Spanish Language Training with Record Participation March 30, 2015 - 12:00pm...

  8. Paraphrastic recurrent neural network language models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, X.; Chen, X.; Gales, M. J. F.; Woodland, P. C.

    2015-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

    segmentation transducer, T?:?? 1In common with other paraphrase induction methods [1, 18], this scheme can also produce phrase pairs that are non-paraphrastic, for exam- ple, antonyms. However, this is of less concern for language modelling, for which improving... models, Computer Speech & Language, vol. 21, no. 3, pp. 492518, 2007. [28] Y. Si, Q. Zhang, T. Li, J. Pan, and Y. Yan (2013), Prefix tree based n-best list re-scoring for recurrent neural network language model used in speech recognition system...

  9. Language Ability and Social Withdrawal: Ratings of English Language Learning Children's Withdrawn Behavior in Native and Nonnative Language Contexts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ash, Andrea Christine

    2009-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

    This study is one of the first investigations of withdrawn behavior in English language learning (ELL) children. Children with communication difficulties are known to have increased levels of withdrawn behavior. Withdrawn ...

  10. COLLEGE OF ARTS AND HUMANITIES DEPARTMENT OF LANGUAGES, TRANSLATION AND

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harman, Neal.A.

    for All 2014 2015 If you want to work, study or travel abroad, language skills can help you to do this. The Languages for All (LFA) programme gives you the opportunity to gain invaluable languages skills while you.ariotti@swansea.ac.uk) #12;LFA BEGINNERS* Module Code Title Credits Teaching Block CY-140 Languages for All Welsh 1 10 1

  11. Department of Humanities Advanced Certificate in Modern Language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Language and Area Study in French, German or Spanish must first complete the requirements: _____French (AFR) _____German (AGE) _____Spanish (ASP) I. Advanced Modern Language Seminar (3 credits required in Literature and Film ____ HU4291 Modern Language Seminar I Spanish: Language and Power ____ HU4292 Modern

  12. NLP and Linguistics Introduction to Natural Language Processing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, David A.

    guess: Just as good? 6 #12;More data needed to decide 7 #12;Poverty of the Stimulus 8 #12;Poverty frequencies of language Remember: Language = set of strings 9 #12;Poverty of the Stimulus (1957) Children frequencies of language 10 #12;Poverty of the Stimulus (1957) Children listen to language Children

  13. Language Definitions as Rewrite Theories Andrei Arusoaie1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Language Definitions as Rewrite Theories Andrei Arusoaie1 , Dorel Lucanu1 , Vlad Rusu2 , Traian languages. It includes software tools for compiling K language definitions to Maude rewrite theories transformation of language definitions that enables the symbolic execution of programs, i.e., the exe- cution

  14. Language, embodiment, and the cognitive niche

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clark, Andy

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Embodied agents use bodily actions and environmental interventions to make the world a better place to think in. Where does language fit into this emerging picture of the embodied, ecologically efficient agent? One useful ...

  15. Investigating Dual Language Models: A Case Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luevanos-Clemente, Ruby Nicole

    2014-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

    The general purpose of this research was to identify the characteristics, along with differences, of the dual language (DL) programs in elementary schools in two central schools in Texas. A secondary purpose was to analyze test scores over time...

  16. SSML: A speech synthesis markup language.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taylor, Paul A; Isard, Amy

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper describes the Speech Synthesis Markup Language, SSML, which has been designed as a platform independent interface standard for speech synthesis systems. The paper discusses the need for standardisation in speech ...

  17. The RB Language Jonathan M. Smith

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ­­ ­­ The RB Language Jonathan M. Smith Distributed Systems Laboratory Department of Computer of an attempt to generate more practical examples of the scheme described by Smith and Maguire for ``competitive

  18. Dealing with data from West Nilotic languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Remijsen, Bert

    2014-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

    Since 2005, the author has been involved in several projects aimed at investigating and documenting the Western Nilotic languages Dinka and Shilluk. Over the years he has come to distinguish primarily between two types of data, a distinction which...

  19. Hierarchy of Scales in Language Dynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blythe, Richard A

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Methods and insights from statistical physics are finding an increasing variety of applications where one seeks to understand the emergent properties of a complex interacting system. One such area concerns the dynamics of language at a variety of levels of description, from the behaviour of individual agents learning simple artificial languages from each other, up to changes in the structure of languages shared by large groups of speakers over historical timescales. In this Colloquium, we survey a hierarchy of scales at which language and linguistic behaviour can be described, along with the main progress in understanding that has been made at each of them---much of which has come from the statistical physics community. We argue that future developments may arise by linking the different levels of the hierarchy together in a more coherent fashion, in particular where this allows more effective use of rich empirical data sets.

  20. Modern Languages and Literatures Undergraduate programs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Logan, David

    As a truly international, interconnected unit, the Department of Modern Languages and Literatures of- fers, Germany, Russia, Spain, or Mexico. If there is a program offered by another accredited univer- sity

  1. A Statistical Model for Lost Language Decipherment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Snyder, Benjamin

    In this paper we propose a method for the automatic decipherment of lost langauges. Given a non-parallel corpus in a known related language, our model produces both alphabetic mappings and translations of words into their ...

  2. Language model parameter estimation using user transcriptions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hsu, Bo-June

    In limited data domains, many effective language modeling techniques construct models with parameters to be estimated on an in-domain development set. However, in some domains, no such data exist beyond the unlabeled test ...

  3. Topic-based mixture language modelling.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gotoh, Yoshihiko; Renals, Steve

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper describes an approach for constructing a mixture of language models based on simple statistical notions of semantics using probabilistic models developed for information retrieval. The approach encapsulates corpus-derived semantic...

  4. BRASIL Language Specification March 9, 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    BRASIL Language Specification March 9, 2010 #12;Contents 1 Introduction 3 2 Getting Started: Simulations in BRASIL 4 2.1 The State-Effect Design Pattern . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 2.2 Supporting the State-Effect Pattern in BRASIL

  5. Language design for distributed stream processing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Newton, Ryan Rhodes, 1980-

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Applications that combine live data streams with embedded, parallel, and distributed processing are becoming more commonplace. WaveScript is a domain-specific language that brings high-level, type-safe, garbage-collected ...

  6. Article semantics in second language acquisition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ionin, Tania

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis examines article choice and parameter-setting in second language (L2) acquisition. It argues, on the basis of L2-English elicitation and production data, that L2- learners have access to UG-based semantic ...

  7. Natural Language Processing on the Web

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Natural Language Processing on the Web Guy Lapalme RALI-DIRO, Université de Montréal ! http://www.iro.umontreal.ca/~lapalme #12;Overview · What is Natural Language Processing (NLP) · NLP for the Web · The Web for NLP 2 #12 recognition 5 #12;http://rali.iro.umontreal.ca #12;NLP for the syntactic Web search engines · NLP saved

  8. Stromswold, Evolution & Genetics of Language 1 Genetics and the Evolution of Language: What genetic studies reveal about the evolution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stromswold, Karin

    Stromswold, Evolution & Genetics of Language 1 Genetics and the Evolution of Language: What genetic studies reveal about the evolution of language Karin Stromswold Rutgers University New Brunswick Abstract. In this paper I argue that genetic studies of language provide insights about the evolution

  9. A common language for computer security incidents

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    John D. Howard; Thomas A Longstaff

    1998-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Much of the computer security information regularly gathered and disseminated by individuals and organizations cannot currently be combined or compared because a common language has yet to emerge in the field of computer security. A common language consists of terms and taxonomies (principles of classification) which enable the gathering, exchange and comparison of information. This paper presents the results of a project to develop such a common language for computer security incidents. This project results from cooperation between the Security and Networking Research Group at the Sandia National Laboratories, Livermore, CA, and the CERT{reg_sign} Coordination Center at Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA. This Common Language Project was not an effort to develop a comprehensive dictionary of terms used in the field of computer security. Instead, the authors developed a minimum set of high-level terms, along with a structure indicating their relationship (a taxonomy), which can be used to classify and understand computer security incident information. They hope these high-level terms and their structure will gain wide acceptance, be useful, and most importantly, enable the exchange and comparison of computer security incident information. They anticipate, however, that individuals and organizations will continue to use their own terms, which may be more specific both in meaning and use. They designed the common language to enable these lower-level terms to be classified within the common language structure.

  10. Cognitive Structures Underlying Gendered Language Usage in Germany: Narration and Linguistic Fieldwork

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kolar, Meredith

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Gendered Language Usage in Germany: Narration and LinguisticGendered Language Usage in Germany: Narration and LinguisticGendered Language Usage in Germany: Narration and Linguistic

  11. DOES THE SPOKEN LANGUAGE HELP OR HINDER THE SPELLING IN THE SECOND LANGUAGE? A CASE OF INDONESIAN AND ACEHNESE LANGUAGE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yulia, Astri

    2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

    The general purpose of this study was to examine the spelling of five phonemes that are similar in Acehnese and Indonesian but represented by different graphemes in the two languages. This study aimed to see whether the exposure to the spoken...

  12. On the Representation of Physical Quantities in Natural Language Text

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Forbus, Kenneth D.

    On the Representation of Physical Quantities in Natural Language Text Sven E. Kuehne (skuehne processes from natural language text. In an earlier analysis (Kuehne & Forbus, 2002) we presented a scheme

  13. 6.881 Natural Language Processing, Fall 2004

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barzilay, Regina

    This course is a graduate level introduction to natural language processing, the primary concern of which is the study of human language from a computational perspective. The class will cover models at the level of syntactic, ...

  14. Crowd-supervised training of spoken language systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McGraw, Ian C. (Ian Carmichael)

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Spoken language systems are often deployed with static speech recognizers. Only rarely are parameters in the underlying language, lexical, or acoustic models updated on-the-fly. In the few instances where parameters are ...

  15. Modeling prosodic features in language models for meetings.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Songfang; Renals, Steve

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper we investigate the application of a novel technique for language modeling - a hierarchical Bayesian language model (LM) based on the Pitman-Yor process - on automatic speech recognition (ASR) for multiparty meetings. The hierarchical...

  16. Integration and Segregation of Information in Language and Math

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hsiao, Yi-ting

    2012-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

    . In this dissertation, we present and discuss the operational characters in WM investigating two different computations, integration and segregation in two different domains, mathematics and language. Similarity in processing mathematics and language in mathematics...

  17. Identifying Patterns in Geospatial Natural Language Kristin Stock

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stock, Kristin

    Identifying Patterns in Geospatial Natural Language Kristin Stock Nottingham Geospatial Institute University of Nottingham Abstract The automated interpretation of geospatial be suitable as an approach to the representation of geospatial natural language that supports

  18. Sourcelevel Debugging for Multiple Languages With Modest Programming Effort

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ramsey, Norman

    Source­level Debugging for Multiple Languages With Modest Programming Effort Sukyoung Ryu present techniques that enable source­level debugging for multi­ ple languages at the cost of only modest

  19. A computational model of quantification in natural language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kenney, Avril (Avril Frances)

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Natural languages have various ways of expressing quantification, such as the English words "some" and "all." Different such words exist in different languages, and the same word can communicate quite different quantities ...

  20. A Survey and Critique of American Sign Language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Plotkin, Joshua B.

    A Survey and Critique of American Sign Language Natural Language Generation and Machine Translation Systems Technical Report Computer and Information Sciences University of Pennsylvania MS-CIS-03-32 Matthew ....................................................9 Underlying Machine Translation Architecture

  1. Language Embedding by Dual Compilation and State Mirroring

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tarau, Paul

    suggest that logic programming languageprocessors can be made to fit easily in a multi in modern program ming environments. Monolithic language implementations tend to be replaced more and more

  2. SPATIAL DATABASE MODELING WITH PICTOGRAMMIC LANGUAGES Yvan Bdard, Suzie Larrive

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    SPATIAL DATABASE MODELING WITH PICTOGRAMMIC LANGUAGES Yvan Bdard, Suzie Larrive Dept of Geomatics Sciences Centre for Research in Geomatics Canada NSERC Industrial Research Chair in Geospatial Databases language extension, Spatial data modeling, Perceptory pictograms. DEFINITION "Spatial databases" consist

  3. Notes on Kusunda Grammar: A language isolate of Nepal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watters, David

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Indo-Pacific language in Nepal. Proceedings of the Nationalin selected languages of Nepal, Vol. II:81-174. Turner,Dor Bahadur. 1967. People of Nepal. Kathmandu: Ratna Pustak

  4. Mending fractured spaces : external legibility and seamlessness in interface design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zigelbaum, Jamie B

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis presents External Legibility: a property of user interfaces that affects the ability of non-participating observers to understand the context of a user's actions. Claims of its value are supported with arguments ...

  5. Jos Fernando Gonalves Mauricio GC Resende Jorge JM Mendes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2009-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

    Mar 11, 2009 ... Activities require resources with limited capacities. ..... dates. Neither forward nor backward free slack take into account resource constraints.

  6. Facebook in all six Celtic Languages Kevin Scannell

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scannell, Kevin Patrick

    Facebook in all six Celtic Languages (mar dhea) Kevin Scannell Saint Louis University May 31, 2012 #12;Social media and endangered languages Social media: Facebook, Twitter, blogs, podcasts (audio Appealing to kids, the most important demographic! #12;Facebook for language revitalization I spent

  7. The Application of XML Languages for Integrating Molecular Resources

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rzepa, Henry S.

    The Application of XML Languages for Integrating Molecular Resources Content 1) The Application of XML Languages for Integrating Molecular Resources 2) Georgios V. Gkoutos,a Peter Murray-Rust,b Henry S of Molecular Resources 7) Molecular Integration based on XML 8) The ChemDig Project 9) Chemical Markup Language

  8. School of Languages, Literatures and CulturalStudies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Mahony, Donal E.

    School of Languages, Literatures and CulturalStudies Postgraduate Handbook 2012/2013 #12;2 Table of Contents Introduction 2 Information about College 3 Graduate Studies Office 7 The School of Languages back ­ to the School of Languages, Literatures and Cultural Studies as a postgraduate student

  9. Synchronization in Multimedia Languages for Distributed Systems A. Guercio1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bansal, Arvind K.

    Synchronization in Multimedia Languages for Distributed Systems A. Guercio1 , A. Bansal2 , T. Arndt Introduction The rising popularity of multimedia content on the web has led to the development of special-purpose languages for multimedia authoring and presentations. Examples of such languages include SMIL [1], VRML [2

  10. UMass Lowell Intensive Spanish Language & Culture in Cdiz, Spain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Lowell, University of

    UMass Lowell Intensive Spanish Language & Culture in Cádiz, Spain Program Description Travel to Spain and study at the University of Cádiz in a specialized intensive language program established Lowell During the Summer in Cádiz, Spain! Complete Levels 1-4 (12 credit) of Spanish language in one

  11. UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SANTA CRUZ LANGUAGES AND APPLIED LINGUISTICS DEPARTMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Cruz, University of

    Pool Search: Spanish Language The Department of Languages and Applied Linguistics at the University of California, Santa Cruz is developing a pool of qualified temporary Spanish language instructors who could. Candidates are expected to have native or near-native proficiency in Spanish. RANK: Lecturer. SALARY

  12. A Cross-Language Approach to Historic Document Retrieval

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kamps, Jaap

    a cross-language approach to historic document retrieval, and investigate (1) the automatic construction are able to automatically construct rules for modernizing historic language based on comparing (a) phonetic vertical search engine should be able to bridge the gap between the historic language of the document

  13. Titanium Language Reference Manual Version 2.20

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Irvine, University of

    Titanium Language Reference Manual Version 2.20 P. N. Hilfinger (editor), Dan Bonachea, Kaushik Berkeley, California 94720 #12;Titanium Language Reference Manual Version 2.20 P. N. Hilfinger (editor, and Katherine Yelick August, 2006 #12;Abstract The Titanium language is a Java dialect for high

  14. ACOEL on CORAL A COmponent Requirement and Abstraction Language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leavens, Gary T.

    ACOEL on CORAL A COmponent Requirement and Abstraction Language An Extended Abstract Vugranam C. Sreedhar IBM TJ Watson Research Center Hawthorne, NY 10532 sreedhar@watson.ibm.com ABSTRACT CORAL is a language for specifying properties of ACOEL, a component-oriented extensional language. The design of CORAL

  15. Statistical Natural Language 4.0 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 199

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohri, Mehryar

    199 CHAPTER 4 Statistical Natural Language Processing 4.0 Introduction The application of statistical methods to natural language processing has been remarkably successful over the past Language Processing Semiring Set 0 1 Boolean {0, 1} 0 1 Probability R+ + 0 1 Log R {-, +} log + + 0

  16. Lattice based language models Pierre Dupont y and Ronald Rosenfeld

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , statistical language models typically estimate P r(wjh) -- the conditional distribution of the identity@univstetienne.fr #12; Keywords: speech recognition, statistical language modeling, lattice based models, smoothing techniques #12; 1 Introduction Statistical language modeling is concerned with estimating the probability

  17. On Linguistic Quality of Natural Language Requirements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ruggieri, Salvatore

    , has now reached its limits. Like classical engineering switched from quality control to total qualityOn Linguistic Quality of Natural Language Requirements F. Fabbrini 1 , M. Fusani 1 , V. Gervasi 2 Informatica, Corso Italia 40, 56125 Pisa Italy. Abstract. We recognize the need for defining a quality model

  18. Translating Facebook into Endangered Languages Kevin Scannell

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scannell, Kevin Patrick

    Translating Facebook into Endangered Languages Kevin Scannell Saint Louis University, St. Louis, Missouri, USA [kscanne@gmail.com] Abstract: Facebook is an incredibly popular social networking site to Facebook as a way for small and scattered speaker populations to connect with each other online

  19. Indiana University Department of Second Language Studies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Indiana University

    , is required. The teaching load will be two courses per semester and include such courses as Teaching English for Academic Purposes, Methods for Teaching ESL/EFL to Adults, and undergraduate Teaching Second/Foreign Languages to Adults. Shared supervision of graduate student teaching assistants in ESL. Applicants should

  20. Language Preorder as a Precongruence Wan Fokkink

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grant, P. W.

    by a single-sorted rst-order signature, and transitions are supplied with labels. Labelled transition systems equivalence called tyft tyxt, supplied with a well-foundedness criterion. Sponsored in part by a grant from in this format is always a congruence. The con- gruence format for language equivalence, called L cool, consists

  1. Language Production General Points about Speech Production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coulson, Seana

    Language Production #12;General Points about Speech Production 15 speech sounds per second => 2, shall I say `t' or `d'' (Levelt) Production side has gotten less attention in Psycholinguistics than the comprehension side. Evidence for speech production behaviour has until recently relied heavily on speech errors

  2. a Packet Processing Language Eric Krupski

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    PPL a Packet Processing Language Eric Krupski 15 June 2004 Dartmouth College Computer Science Technical Report TR2004-508 #12;Krupski 1 Table of Contents: Abstract 2 Introduction 2 Details of PPL 7 C Representations of PPL Data 18 Analysis 19 Future Work 22 Conclusions 23 Appendix 1 25 Appendix 2 30 #12;Krupski 2

  3. The Core Language of Aldwych Matthew HUNTBACH

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huntbach, Matthew

    programming, linear variables, single-assignment variables. Introduction It has been noted since University of London Abstract. Aldwych is a general purpose programming language which we have developed in order to provide a mechanism for practical programming which can be thought of in an inherently

  4. Examining Dual Language, Bilingual, and ESL Teachers Knowledge, Professional Development Experiences, and Perceptions About Second Language Programs In Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Franco-Fuenmayor, Susana Elena

    2013-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

    The rapid increase of the English Language Learner (ELL) student population in the United States and their continued lack of achievement means that research must focus on examining differences between the types of second language programs...

  5. Preschool English Language Learners with Disabilities: A Comparison of Recommended and Actual Language of Instruction Practices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cole, Corinna V.

    2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

    This study investigated, through survey methodology, the instructional practices of teachers of English Language Learners (ELLs) with disabilities in Preschool Programs for Children with Disabilities (PPCD). These practices were compared to best...

  6. Storytelling with robots : effects of robot language level on children's language learning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kory, Jacqueline (Jacqueline Marie)

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Children's oral language skills in preschool can predict their academic success later in life. Increasing children's skills early on could improve their success in middle and high school. To this end, I examined the potential ...

  7. Romani Language: Cataloging Ramifications for a Language in the Process of Standardization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Husic, Geoff

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A discussion of issues related to the cataloging of a language, Romani (or Romany), which is only in the 21st century beginning to achieve some degree of standardization. The discussion focuses on issues of Romani orthography, ...

  8. The Pumping Lemma, Part 2 Some languages are not context-free languages.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bylander, Tom

    The Pumping Lemma, Part 2 Some languages are not context-free languages. A pumping lemma can. #12; Proof of the Pumping Lemma Theorem: Let A be a CFL. There exists a num- ber p, for all w, if jsj; ) uvRyz #3; ) uvxyz S u R z R y v x #12; Using the Pumping Lemma A 1 = fa n b n c n : n #21; 0g Choose

  9. Extending old languages for new architectures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    White, Leo

    2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    languages for new architectures Leo P. White Summary Architectures evolve quickly. The number of transistors available to chip designers doubles every 18 months, allowing increasingly complex architectures to be developed on a single chip. Power dissipation... issues have forced chip designers to look for new ways to use the transistors at their disposal. This situation inevitably leads to new architectural features on a fairly regular basis. Enabling programmers to benefit from these new architectural features...

  10. Composition Semantics of the Rosetta Specification Language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peck, Megan Elizabeth

    2012-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

    using Coalgebras . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82 6.2.1 Process Calculi . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83 6.2.2 Coalgebras in Java Semantics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83 6.2.3 Previous Work on Rosetta.... Components may have inputs and outputs that allow them to be parameterized and to communicate with other specification constructs. The terms within a component may either be Boolean expressions written in Rosettas expression language or may instantiate other...

  11. Programming Language Evolution and Source Code Rejuvenation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pirkelbauer, Peter Mathias

    2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

    entropy. In conjunction with extensions to programming languages, source code rejuvenation o ers an evolutionary trajectory towards more reliable, more secure, and better performing code. We describe the tools that allow us e cient implementations..., provision of specialized libraries, enhancements of programming techniques, experiments with analysis and design techniques, and implementation of development and analysis tools. The ubiquitous multi-core architectures o er performance bene ts...

  12. The Gascon nonciatif System: Past, Present, and Future, A Study of Language Contact, Change, Endangerment, and Maintenance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marcus, Nicole

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    currently existing language maintenance projects, I am veryto further language maintenance projects, which is anythingis crucial to language maintenance and survival. Many Gascon

  13. artificial esperanto languages: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    space flight. We investigated (more) Edmonds, Jessica Leigh 2005-01-01 71 Abduction in Natural Language Understanding Jerry R. Hobbs Computer Technologies and...

  14. assisted language learning: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    contents are not directly presented to the user. Open learner Bull, Susan 3 Online Mind Maps for Language Learning : Assisted Risk-Taking Josphine Rmon1 Computer Technologies...

  15. Caliban's Curse: The English Language and Nigeria's Underdevelopment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Osundare, Niyi

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of English in Northern Nigeria (1900-1943)," InternationalLanguage Policy in Nigeria 1882-1952," International Journaland Politics in Colonial Nigeria (cambridge: POST, K. W. J.

  16. Optimization Online - A Structure-Conveying Modelling Language ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marco Colombo

    2009-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

    Mar 24, 2009 ... A Structure-Conveying Modelling Language for Mathematical and Stochastic Programming. Marco Colombo (m.colombo ***at*** ed.ac.uk)

  17. From Preference Logics to Preference Languages, and Back Meghyn Bienvenu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lang, Jérôme

    From Preference Logics to Preference Languages, and Back Meghyn Bienvenu Fachbereich Mathematik und, Girard, and Roy 2009). The basic constructs of the logic are preference statements between propositional

  18. Assessing group interaction with social language network analysis.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pennebaker, James (UT Austin); Scholand, Andrew Joseph; Tausczik, Yla R. (UT Austin)

    2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper we discuss a new methodology, social language network analysis (SLNA), that combines tools from social language processing and network analysis to assess socially situated working relationships within a group. Specifically, SLNA aims to identify and characterize the nature of working relationships by processing artifacts generated with computer-mediated communication systems, such as instant message texts or emails. Because social language processing is able to identify psychological, social, and emotional processes that individuals are not able to fully mask, social language network analysis can clarify and highlight complex interdependencies between group members, even when these relationships are latent or unrecognized.

  19. DOE-APPROVED COOPERATIVE RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT AGREEMENT LANGUAGE...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    LANGUAGE AND GUIDANCE The Modular Cooperative Research and Development Agreement (CRADA) was developed to promote consistency throughout the Department of Energy (DOE). The...

  20. advanced computation languages: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Advanced Topics in Types and Programming Languages Computer Technologies and Information Sciences Websites Summary: Advanced Topics in Types and...

  1. A Natural Definition of Random Language Keith Wansbrough*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wansbrough, Keith

    Introduction Algorithmic Information Theory (AIT) provides definitions of randomness for strings A Natural Definition of Random Language Keith Wansbrough* October 13, 1995 Abstract We propose a natural definition

  2. Plain Language Training | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122Commercial602 1,39732onMakeEducationRemediationDepartment ofTinyPlainPlain Language

  3. Language Proficiency Modulates the Recruitment of Non-Classical Language Areas in Bilinguals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Hagler Jr.2,3 , Anders M. Dale2,3,4 , Jeffrey L. Elman1,5 , Eric Halgren2,3,4,5 1 Department of Cognitive-Classical Language Areas in Bilinguals. PLoS ONE 6(3): e18240. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0018240 Editor: Pedro Valdes

  4. Is there/will there be a Bosnian Language: aspects of the language situation in post?war Bosnia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Husic, Geoff

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A discussion of the perception of Bosnian as a language distinct from Serbian and Croatian in Bosnia before and after the Yugoslav War, 1991-1995....

  5. 9.0 Non-Regular Languages and the Pumping Lemma Languages that can be described formally with an NFA, DFA, or a regular

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gordon, Scott

    9.0 Non-Regular Languages and the Pumping Lemma Languages that can be described formally to be useful to us here. The Pumping Lemma This theorem describes a property that a language must have in order - to show when a language is not regular. That is always how the pumping lemma is used. Briefly, the pumping

  6. Automated Methods for Interpreting Geospatial Natural Language Dr Kristin Stock, Nottingham Geospatial Institute, University of Nottingham

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stock, Kristin

    NaturalGeo Automated Methods for Interpreting Geospatial Natural Language Dr Kristin Stock, Nottingham Geospatial Institute, University of Nottingham 2012-2014 What is geospatial natural language diagrams best match 2000 geospatial natural language expressions. The results will populate our

  7. Effects of Orthographic Depth on Literacy Performance: Reading Comprehension Difficulties Across Languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McClung, Nicola Ann

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Across Languages By Nicola Ann McClung A dissertationAcross Languages 2012 Nicola Ann McClung Abstract Effectsacross Languages by Nicola Ann McClung Doctor of Philosophy

  8. Early usage of DO in children with and without Specific Language Impairment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blossom, Megan Stratton

    2009-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    This study examined the early uses of DO in the spontaneous language samples of 89 children, 37 with Specific Language Impairment, age 5;0-5;6, 37 age-equivalent control children, and 15 language-equivalent control children, ...

  9. TESLA: A Formally Defined Event Specification Language Gianpaolo Cugola

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cugola, Gianpaolo

    TESLA: A Formally Defined Event Specification Language Gianpaolo Cugola Dip. di Elettronica e to clearly state how the system should behave. Moving from these premises, we present TESLA, a complex event specification language. Each TESLA rule considers incoming data items as notifi- cations of events and defines

  10. Using Functional Languages in Formal Methods: The Pet System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peled, Doron A.

    Using Functional Languages in Formal Methods: The Pet System Elsa L. Gunter and Doron A. Peled Bell language for the back­end of our new Path Exploration Tool (Pet) [2]. This tool is intended for interactive testing of sequential and concur­ rent software. The main calculation performed by Pet is the symbolic

  11. A Debugging Scheme for Declarative Equation Based Modeling Languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, Yuxiao

    examine the particular debugging problems posed by Modelica, a declarative equation based modeling language. A brief overview of the Modelica language is also given. We also present our view of the issues, bipartite graphs, graph decomposition techniques, static analysis, debug- ging, Modelica. 1 Introduction

  12. A Debugging Scheme for Declarative Equation Based Modeling Languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burns, Peter

    examine the particular debugging problems posed by Modelica, a declarative equation based modeling language. A brief overview of the Modelica language is also given. We also present our view of the issues, bipartite graphs, graph decomposition techniques, static analysis, debug- ging, Modelica 1 Introduction

  13. The Brain, the Broken Brain & the Neural Biology of Language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collar, Juan I.

    The Brain, the Broken Brain & the Neural Biology of Language Presenter: Steven Small Time & Date.maproom.com )1949 N. Hoyne Caf Email list https://cfcpwork.uchicago.edu/mailman/listinfo/cafe #12;The Brain, the Broken Brain & the Neural Biology of Language Presenter: Steven Small Time & Date: 7-9 PM Monday

  14. Eye Movements in Language and Cognition: A Brief Introduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richardson, Daniel C.

    Eye Movements in Language and Cognition: A Brief Introduction Daniel C. Richardson Department Department 420 Jordan Hall Stanford, CA 94305 #12;Eye movements in Language and Cognition ­ Richardson, Dale & Spivey 2 The role of eye movements in the visual system The eye independently evolved over 40 times

  15. Student Application Native Language Use and Informal Science Learning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maxwell, Bruce D.

    Student Application Native Language Use and Informal Science Learning Yellowstone and Altai information: http://www.montana.edu/news/11978/msu-team-wins-grant-to-study-informal-science- education Science Foundation to study how indigenous peoples' native language use in two similar yet distinct parts

  16. Department of Humanities Certificate in Modern Language and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Department of Humanities Certificate in Modern Language and Area Study CFR-French, CGE-German, CSP-Spanish French, German or Spanish must complete two years of the same modern language (12 credits) and three area (12 credits) Note: 6 credits must be from 3000 level French German Spanish __HU2271 Level I-A French

  17. A Cross-Language Approach to Historic Document Retrieval

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Rijke, Maarten

    rewriting the historic doc- uments. However, the manual construction of rewrite rules is very timeA Cross-Language Approach to Historic Document Retrieval Marijn Koolen ab Frans Adriaans c Jaap appeared as: M. Koolen, F. Adriaans, J. Kamps and M. de Rijke. A Cross-Language Approach to Historic

  18. A Cross-Language Approach to Historic Document Retrieval

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Rijke, Maarten

    a cross-language approach to historic document retrieval, and investigate (1) the automatic construction are able to automatically construct rules for modernizing historic language based on comparing (a) phonetic. In order to make historic documents accessible to modern users, our vertical search engine should be able

  19. Cross-Language High Similarity Search Using a Conceptual Thesaurus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosso, Paolo

    Cross-Language High Similarity Search Using a Conceptual Thesaurus Parth Gupta, Alberto Barr Universitat Polit`ecnica de Val`encia, Spain {pgupta,lbarron,prosso}@dsic.upv.es http://www.dsic.upv.es/grupos/nle Abstract. This work addresses the issue of cross-language high similarity and near-duplicates search, where

  20. Natural Language Engineering http://journals.cambridge.org/NLE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wintner, Shuly

    Natural Language Engineering http://journals.cambridge.org/NLE Additional services for Natural Permissions : Click here Downloaded from http://journals.cambridge.org/NLE, IP address: 79.181.48.102 on 29-processing steps for a variety of natural language processing applications, from search and information extraction

  1. Theory and Implementation of a Functional Programming Language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Selinger, Peter

    PPL, a strongly typed, call­by­name language which supports recursion and polymor­ phism. We describe a compiler of PPL into a low­level assembly language. The compilation is based on an abstract machine

  2. SALT---Structured Assertion Language for Temporal Logic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leucker, Martin

    SALT---Structured Assertion Language for Temporal Logic Andreas Bauer, Martin Leucker,leucker,streit}@informatik.tumuenchen.de Abstract. This paper presents Salt. Salt is a general purpose speci fication and assertion language other formalisms used for temporal specification of properties, Salt does not target a specific domain

  3. SALT--Structured Assertion Language for Temporal Logic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    SALT--Structured Assertion Language for Temporal Logic Andreas Bauer, Martin Leucker , and Jonathan,leucker,streit}@informatik.tu-muenchen.de Abstract. This paper presents Salt. Salt is a general purpose speci- fication and assertion language other formalisms used for temporal specification of properties, Salt does not target a specific domain

  4. THE SIZE-CHANGE TERMINATION PRINCIPLE FOR CONSTRUCTOR BASED LANGUAGES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    THE SIZE-CHANGE TERMINATION PRINCIPLE FOR CONSTRUCTOR BASED LANGUAGES PIERRE HYVERNAT Laboratoire describes an automatic termination checker for a generic first- order call-by-value language in ML style. We arguments of recursive calls evolve during evaluation. The result is a criterion for termination extending

  5. THE SIZE-CHANGE TERMINATION PRINCIPLE FOR CONSTRUCTOR BASED LANGUAGES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    THE SIZE-CHANGE TERMINATION PRINCIPLE FOR CONSTRUCTOR BASED LANGUAGES PIERRE HYVERNAT Laboratoire describes an automatic termination checker for a generic first- order call-by-value language in ML style. We arguments of recursive call evolve during evaluation. The result is a criterion for termination extending

  6. Induction, Domains, Calculi: Strachey's Contributions to ProgrammingLanguage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schmidt, David A.

    Induction, Domains, Calculi: Strachey's Contributions to ProgrammingLanguage Engineering David A's contributions---inductive defini tion of semantics, semanticdomain definitions, and calculi for semantic description---are presented, and their consequences on languages research are described. Strachey's impact

  7. Standards for Language Resources Nancy Ide,* Laurent Romary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    of a newly formed committee of the International Standards Organization (ISO), ISO/TC 37/SC 4 Language of a newly formed committee of the International Standards Organization (ISO), ISO/TC 37/SC 4 Language of the committee. The objective of ISO/TC 37/SC 4 is to prepare international standards and guidelines

  8. Brief article Songs as an aid for language acquisition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ., Aslin, R. N., & Newport, E. L. (1996). Statistical learning by 8-month-old infants. Science, 274, 1926. Journal of Memory and Language, 35, 606621.] have shown that adults and infants can use the statistical983 #12;Keywords: Statistical learning; Language; Music; Song 1. Introduction Songs are ubiquitous. Yet

  9. Programming Language Support for Energy-Aware Software

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mayfield, John

    Programming Language Support for Energy-Aware Software Programming Language Support for Energy-Aware servers are the norm of modern computing infrastructure, energy efficiency is a first-class design goal sustainability. This talk focuses improving energy efficiency through software-centered approaches

  10. Lecture #5: The Language FL October 4, 2007

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gifford, David K.

    ' language, that transforms the FL language back down into expres- sions in FLK. And then we can describe you won't fault me for writing it out again here. A question from the back of the room: Is he saying alpha-substitution, and expressions which are the same up to an alpha transformation of their bound

  11. Ontology Generation for Large Email Collections Language Technologies Institute

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    Ontology Generation for Large Email Collections Hui Yang Language Technologies Institute School Callan Language Technologies Institute School of Computer Science Carnegie Mellon University 5000 Forbes Ave, Pittsburgh, PA, 15213 callan@cs.cmu.edu ABSTRACT This paper presents a new approach

  12. A Natural Definition of Random Language Keith Wansbrough \\Lambda

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wansbrough, Keith

    definition. 1 Introduction Algorithmic Information Theory (AIT) provides definitions of randomnessA Natural Definition of Random Language Keith Wansbrough \\Lambda October 13, 1995 Abstract We propose a natural definition of random language, based on the standard AIT definitions of random string

  13. STANDARDS FOR LANGUAGE CODES: DEVELOPING ISO 639 David Dalby

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gillam, Lee

    STANDARDS FOR LANGUAGE CODES: DEVELOPING ISO 639 David Dalby , Lee Gillam , Christopher Cox Organization for Standardization (ISO), is currently seeking more granular systems of language identifiers than the widely used tags of ISO 639 parts 1 and 2. There is growing need for the more precise identification

  14. Towards Interoperability of ISO Standards for Language Resource Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    Towards Interoperability of ISO Standards for Language Resource Management Kiyong Lee Korea.romary@loria.fr Abstract This paper reviews and evaluates some of the ISO documents for language resource management. Being developed under ISO/TC 37/SC 4, these documents are at the last stage of approval and publication as interna

  15. Cross-language information retrieval using PARAFAC2.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bader, Brett William; Chew, Peter; Abdelali, Ahmed (New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, NM); Kolda, Tamara Gibson

    2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A standard approach to cross-language information retrieval (CLIR) uses Latent Semantic Analysis (LSA) in conjunction with a multilingual parallel aligned corpus. This approach has been shown to be successful in identifying similar documents across languages - or more precisely, retrieving the most similar document in one language to a query in another language. However, the approach has severe drawbacks when applied to a related task, that of clustering documents 'language-independently', so that documents about similar topics end up closest to one another in the semantic space regardless of their language. The problem is that documents are generally more similar to other documents in the same language than they are to documents in a different language, but on the same topic. As a result, when using multilingual LSA, documents will in practice cluster by language, not by topic. We propose a novel application of PARAFAC2 (which is a variant of PARAFAC, a multi-way generalization of the singular value decomposition [SVD]) to overcome this problem. Instead of forming a single multilingual term-by-document matrix which, under LSA, is subjected to SVD, we form an irregular three-way array, each slice of which is a separate term-by-document matrix for a single language in the parallel corpus. The goal is to compute an SVD for each language such that V (the matrix of right singular vectors) is the same across all languages. Effectively, PARAFAC2 imposes the constraint, not present in standard LSA, that the 'concepts' in all documents in the parallel corpus are the same regardless of language. Intuitively, this constraint makes sense, since the whole purpose of using a parallel corpus is that exactly the same concepts are expressed in the translations. We tested this approach by comparing the performance of PARAFAC2 with standard LSA in solving a particular CLIR problem. From our results, we conclude that PARAFAC2 offers a very promising alternative to LSA not only for multilingual document clustering, but also for solving other problems in cross-language information retrieval.

  16. The History of Predicative Possession in Slavic: Internal Development vs. Language Contact

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McAnallen, Julia

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    originally stems from the Balkan Sprachbund, a linguisticmany languages spoken in the Balkan Sprachbund, both SlavicSouth Slavic languages of the Balkan Sprachbund (Bulgarian,

  17. Reading achievement of English language learners in 50/50 and 90/10 two-way dual language programs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cox, Nano Kathleen

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    My study investigated the effects of two 50/50 and two 90/10 two-way dual language programs on the reading achievement of 76 English Language Learners (ELLs) from the end of third grade to the end of fourth grade. My study used both quantitative...

  18. Reading achievement of English language learners in 50/50 and 90/10 two-way dual language programs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cox, Nano Kathleen

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    My study investigated the effects of two 50/50 and two 90/10 two-way dual language programs on the reading achievement of 76 English Language Learners (ELLs) from the end of third grade to the end of fourth grade. My study used both quantitative...

  19. Feedback in Intelligent Computer-Assisted Language Learning and Second Language Acquisition: A study of its effect on the acquisition of French past tense aspect using an Intelligent Language Tutoring System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hanson, Ruth Mary

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Questions surrounding the impact of feedback in response to learner error are of interest in the fields of both Second Language Acquisition (SLA) and Intelligent Computer-Assisted Language Learning (ICALL). Current ...

  20. Exploiting Reflection to Add Persistence and Query Optimization to a Statically Typed Object-Oriented Language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    programming language (PPL) that also provides one or more collection types and supports the processing (optimization) of queries on collections. A PPL is a programming language in which created objects processing PL DBPL PPL Figure 1: Transition from programming language to database programming language. #12

  1. Language processing in the occipital cortex of congenitally blind

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bedny, Marina

    Humans are thought to have evolved brain regions in the left frontal and temporal cortex that are uniquely capable of language processing. However, congenitally blind individuals also activate the visual cortex in some ...

  2. Comparative Analysis of Second Language Instruction and Motivation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Speights, Lara A.

    2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

    . And yet, our second language instruction continues to produce beginning-level speakers, while many other world players produce bilingual adults. The classroom environment is integral to understanding this discrepancy, and so this research compares high...

  3. Real-Time American Sign Language gesture generator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chapman, Christopher John

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis describes the design and implementation of ics. a software based gesture generator that takes as its input textual representations of American Sign Language gestures and outputs the corresponding gesture motion through the use of a...

  4. Improving Teaching and Learning for English Language Learners

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kandel, Brooke E.

    2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

    While there has been tremendous growth in the numbers of Hispanics and English language learners (ELLs) in our public schools, there has been a lack of educational opportunities offered to these students resulting in low educational achievement...

  5. Power Law Discounting for N-Gram Language Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Songfang; Renals, Steve

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present an approximation to the Bayesian hierarchical Pitman-Yor process language model which maintains the power law distribution over word tokens, while not requiring a computationally expensive approximate inference process. This approximation...

  6. The application of bilingual language acquisition strategies: two case studies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carla, Xavier

    2010-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

    In studies of language choice patterns in families, most of the study cases are based on reports written by linguists about their own children bilingual development. Therefore, there is a strong possibility that the ...

  7. A taxonomy of situated language in natural contexts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shaw, George Macaulay

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis develops a multi-modal dataset consisting of transcribed speech along with the locations in which that speech took place. Speech with location attached is called situated language, and is represented here as ...

  8. Natural Language Generation for the Semantic Web: Unsupervised template extraction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duma, Daniel

    2012-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

    I propose an architecture for a Natural Language Generation system that automatically learns sentence templates, together with statistical document planning, from parallel RDF data and text. To this end, I design, build and test a proof...

  9. The Lower Mississippi Valley as a Language Area

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaufman, David Vincent

    2014-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

    It has been hypothesized that the Southeastern U.S. is a language area, or Sprachbund. However, there has been little systematic examination of the supposed features of this area. The current analysis focuses on a smaller ...

  10. Fragment Grammars: Exploring Computation and Reuse in Language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Donnell, Timothy J.

    2009-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Language relies on a division of labor between stored units and structure building operations which combine the stored units into larger structures. This division of labor leads to a tradeoff: more structure-building means ...

  11. New horizons in the study of child language acquisition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roy, Deb K.

    Naturalistic longitudinal recordings of child development promise to reveal fresh perspectives on fundamental questions of language acquisition. In a pilot effort, we have recorded 230,000 hours of audio-video recordings ...

  12. Poetry as Language Presentation: John Donne, Poet, Preacher, Craftsman

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosu, Anca

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    E PRESENTATION JOHN DONNE POET, P R E A C H E R , CRAFTSMANthe last of the "gentlemen poets," among the last of thosematerial of language. As a poet he belongs to the 16th

  13. Methods for pronunciation assessment in computer aided language learning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peabody, Mitchell A. (Mitchell Aaron)

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Learning a foreign language is a challenging endeavor that entails acquiring a wide range of new knowledge including words, grammar, gestures, sounds, etc. Mastering these skills all require extensive practice by the learner ...

  14. Comparative Analysis of Second Language Instruction and Motivation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Speights, Lara A.

    2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

    school second language instruction in Buenos Aires, Argentina and College Station, Texas. The purpose of this study is to explain theoretical and motivational pedagogical strategies, as well as to understand the differences in motivation and how...

  15. THE SPATIAL AGGREGATION LANGUAGE FOR MODELING AND CONTROLLING DISTRIBUTED

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bailey-Kellogg, Chris

    THE SPATIAL AGGREGATION LANGUAGE FOR MODELING AND CONTROLLING DISTRIBUTED PHYSICAL SYSTEMS study novel approaches to decentralized control de- sign, in the context of thermal regulation important science and engineering applications, such as predicting weather patterns, controlling

  16. Using intonation to constrain language models in speech recognition.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taylor, Paul A; King, Simon; Isard, Stephen; Wright, Helen; Kowtko, Jacqueline C

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    move types under this analysis conform to different language models. Different move types are also characterised by different intonational tunes. Our overall recognition strategy is first to predict from intonation the type of game move that a test...

  17. A discriminative model for understanding natural language route directions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kollar, Thomas

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    To be useful teammates to human partners, robots must be able to follow spoken instructions given in natural language. However, determining the correct sequence of actions in response to a set of spoken instructions is a ...

  18. Spontaneous speech recognition using visual context-aware language models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mukherjee, Niloy, 1978-

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The thesis presents a novel situationally-aware multimodal spoken language system called Fuse that performs speech understanding for visual object selection. An experimental task was created in which people were asked to ...

  19. Natural Language Engineering http://journals.cambridge.org/NLE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bergler, Sabine

    Natural Language Engineering http://journals.cambridge.org/NLE Additional services for Natural1351324912000289 Request Permissions : Click here Downloaded from http://journals.cambridge.org/NLE, IP address information retrieval (search with Google, Bing, etc.), but

  20. Grounded Situation Models for Robots: Bridging Language, Perception, and Action

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    contribution of our approach is the ro- bot's ability for seamless integration of both language- and sensor". These situations can later be used to create men- tal imagery, thus enabling bidirectional translation be- tween

  1. Decision Problems for Recognizable Languages of Infinite Pictures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    ohrle have considered in [ATW03] acceptance of languages of infinite two-dimensional words (infinite pictures] for many results and references. Altenbernd, Thomas and Wohrle have considered in [ATW03] acceptance

  2. The Development of the Emerald Programming Language Andrew P. Black

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Black, Andrew P.

    The Development of the Emerald Programming Language Andrew P. Black Portland State University black additional code to invoke a remote ob- ject compared to a local object. Instead, all binding, mar- shaling

  3. A method for mapping between ASMs and implementation language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, David Cheng-Ping

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    One of the challenges of model-based engineering is traceability: the ability to relate the set of models developed during the design stages to the implemented system. This thesis develops a language specific method for ...

  4. Information extraction to facilitate translation of natural language legislation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Samuel (Samuel Siyue)

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    There is a large body of existing legislation and policies that govern how government organizations and corporations can share information. Since these rules are generally expressed in natural language, it is difficult and ...

  5. Nature of language impairment in motor neurone disease

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rewaj, Phillipa Jane

    2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Background: Language impairment associated with Motor Neurone Disease (MND) has been documented since the late 19th century, yet little is understood about the pervasiveness or nature of these deficits. The common clinical ...

  6. LEARNING SEMANTICS-ENHANCED LANGUAGE MODELS APPLIED TO UNSUEPRVISED WSD

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    VERSPOOR, KARIN [Los Alamos National Laboratory; LIN, SHOU-DE [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2007-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

    An N-gram language model aims at capturing statistical syntactic word order information from corpora. Although the concept of language models has been applied extensively to handle a variety of NLP problems with reasonable success, the standard model does not incorporate semantic information, and consequently limits its applicability to semantic problems such as word sense disambiguation. We propose a framework that integrates semantic information into the language model schema, allowing a system to exploit both syntactic and semantic information to address NLP problems. Furthermore, acknowledging the limited availability of semantically annotated data, we discuss how the proposed model can be learned without annotated training examples. Finally, we report on a case study showing how the semantics-enhanced language model can be applied to unsupervised word sense disambiguation with promising results.

  7. Transparent runtime parallelization of the R scripting language

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yoginath, Srikanth B [ORNL

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Scripting languages such as R and Matlab are widely used in scientific data processing. As the data volume and the complexity of analysis tasks both grow, sequential data processing using these tools often becomes the bottleneck in scientific workflows. We describe pR, a runtime framework for automatic and transparent parallelization of the popular R language used in statistical computing. Recognizing scripting languages interpreted nature and data analysis codes use pattern, we propose several novel techniques: (1) applying parallelizing compiler technology to runtime, whole-program dependence analysis of scripting languages, (2) incremental code analysis assisted with evaluation results, and (3) runtime parallelization of file accesses. Our framework does not require any modification to either the source code or the underlying R implementation. Experimental results demonstrate that pR can exploit both task and data parallelism transparently and overall has better performance as well as scalability compared to an existing parallel R package that requires code modification.

  8. agent markup language: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Web Markup Languages Definitions and examples Computer Technologies and Information...

  9. Models of quantum computation and quantum programming languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. A. Miszczak

    2011-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

    The goal of the presented paper is to provide an introduction to the basic computational models used in quantum information theory. We review various models of quantum Turing machine, quantum circuits and quantum random access machine (QRAM) along with their classical counterparts. We also provide an introduction to quantum programming languages, which are developed using the QRAM model. We review the syntax of several existing quantum programming languages and discuss their features and limitations.

  10. Perceptions of perfective done: a study of language attitudes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krueger, Misty Sabrina

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    PERCEPTIONS OF PERFECTIVE DONE: A STUDY OF LANGUAGE ATTITUDES A Thesis by MISTY SABRINA KRUEGER Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF ARTS... May 2003 Major Subject: English PERCEPTIONS OF PERFECTIVE DONE: A STUDY OF LANGUAGE ATTITUDES A Thesis by MISTY SABRINA KRUEGER Submitted to Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF ARTS...

  11. Final Report for CORBA for Fourth Generation Language

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Svetlana Shasharina

    2005-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

    The standard for object based networking is the Common Object Request Broker Architecture (CORBA). However, CORBA is not available for Fourth Generation Languages (4GL's) such as Visual Numerics? PV-WAVE or Research Systems? Interactive Data Language (RSI-IDL), which are widely used by scientists and engineers for data visualization and analysis. The proposed work would provide a set of tools to allow 4GL's to interoperate with CORBA.

  12. Selected critical bibliography of English-language books on Haiti

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Freeman, Bryant C.

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Occasional Paper N 3 Bryant C. Freeman Selected Critical Bibliography of English-Language Books on Haiti 531 Institute of Haitian Studies University of Kansas NVKo, , O r tirWiSAS LIBRARIES Bryant C. Freeman Selected Critical... Bibliography of English-Language Books on Haiti 1915 Institute of Haitian Studies University of Kansas 1995 Occasional Paper N 3 University of Kansas Institute of Haitian Studies Occasional Papers Bryant C. Freeman, Ph.D. - General Editor No 1...

  13. Selected critical bibliography of English-language books on Haiti

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Freeman, Bryant C.

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    KU ScholarWorks | http://kuscholarworks.ku.edu Selected Critical Bibliography of English-Language Books on Haiti 1999 This work has been made available by the University of Kansas Libraries Office of Scholarly Communication and Copyright... at the link below. Bryant, Freeman C. Selected Critical Bibliography of English-Language Books on Haiti, Institute of Haitian Studies, University of Kansas, 1999 Published version: http://catalog.lib.ku.edu/cgi-bin/Pwebrecon. cgi?bbid=2583945 Terms of Use...

  14. Language assessment instruments: a study of language dominance tests in the Rio Grande Valley

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hickey, Concepcion Maria

    1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ) James, r = . 64, overlapping va ri ance = 40i!; 3) PAL-OLD)1, lapping variance = 50'!. r = . 71, over- ACKNDIILEDGENENTS I wish t. o express my sincere thanks, first of all, to Dr. Anne Narie Elmquist, chairman of my committee, who is responsible..., ENCFS. APPENDIX VITA 61 61 67 68 69 72 79 LIST OF TABLES TABLE Page I Language Dominance Class the HBUE and the Three Dominance Tests: Dos PAL-OLDH ification Results of Following Lanquage Amigos, James, and 54 Pearson Product...

  15. High-Stakes Reading Assessment and English Oral Language Development: A Study of Third Grade English Language Learners in a Texas School District

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Acosta, Sandra

    2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

    between oral language and reading performance in third grade Hispanic ELLS, and (c) the impact of instructional program model on ELLs oral language development. Two parallel systematic reviews were conducted searching CSA, Ebsco and Wilson electronic...

  16. High-Stakes Reading Assessment and English Oral Language Development: A Study of Third Grade English Language Learners in a Texas School District

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Acosta, Sandra

    2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

    between oral language and reading performance in third grade Hispanic ELLS, and (c) the impact of instructional program model on ELLs oral language development. Two parallel systematic reviews were conducted searching CSA, Ebsco and Wilson electronic...

  17. Wang Feng (2006). Comparison of languages in contact: The distillation method and the case of Bai. Language and linguistics monograph series B, Frontiers in linguistics III.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Wang Feng (2006). Comparison of languages in contact: The distillation method and the case of Bai; Zhengzhang 2003). Wang Feng's Comparison of languages in contact: The distillation method and the case of Bai 2001). In Comparison of languages in contact: The distillation method and the case of Bai, Wang

  18. The relationship of language proficiency, general intelligence, and reading achievement with a sample of low performing, limited English proficient students

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Charlotte Kennedy

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    -related validity of the Universal Nonverbal Intelligence Test (UNIT) with a sample of lowperforming, Hispanic students. The third purpose was to explore the contribution of language proficiency in the dominant language (L1) and the language proficiency...

  19. Selected critical bibliography of English-language books on Haiti

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Freeman, Bryant C.

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Occasional Paper N 3 Bryant C. Freeman Selected Critical Bibliography of English-Language Books on Haiti Institute of Haitian Studies University of Kansas Occasional Paper N 3 Bryant C. Freeman ^ III Selected Critical it Bibliography... of English-Language Books on Haiti Institute of Haitian Studies University of Kansas 1998 University of Kansas Institute of Haitian Studies Occasional Papers B r y a n t C . F r e e m a n , P h . D . - S e r i e s E d i t o r N l - Konst i t i syon...

  20. Adult migrants and English language learning in museums: understanding the impact on social inclusion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clarke, Sherice Nicole

    2013-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

    This doctoral study explores the museum as site and resource for language learning by adult migrants, refugees and asylum seekers. English for Speakers of Other Languages (ESOL) provision has emerged over the past decade ...

  1. An Investigation into the Role of Implicit Knowledge in Adult Second Language Acquisition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leonard Cook, Anna

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis investigates the role of implicit knowledge in second language acquisition, presenting five experiments and related simulations based on artificial grammar learning. It examines whether second language learners ...

  2. Knowledge of Mathematical Equivalence in Children with Specific Language Impairment: Evidence from Gesture and Speech

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Knowledge of Mathematical Equivalence in Children with Specific Language Impairment: Evidence from investigated understanding of mathematical equivalence in children with Specific Language Impairment (SLI and mathematical equivalence problems. Problem solutions and explanations were coded for accuracy and problem

  3. Towards a Formal Semantics for a Structurally Dynamic Noncausal Modelling Language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nilsson, Henrik

    modelling approach, promoting the reuse of components. Modelica is a prime example of this class of lan, many of these languages are referred to as object-oriented mod- elling languages. Modelica [23] is one

  4. Influence of limiting working memory resources on contextual facilitation in language processing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stewart, Oliver William Thomas

    2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Language processing is a complex task requiring the integration of many different streams of information. Theorists have considered that working memory plays an important role in language processing and that a reduction ...

  5. Individual minds create universal patterns Exploring word order universals using an artificial language learning experiment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sptgens, Tessa

    2011-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

    In recent years, the interest of language universals for researchers of language evolution has been pointed out in various publications. Word order universals are particularly robust examples, and the present dissertation ...

  6. Source-level Debugging for Multiple Languages With Modest Programming Effort

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ramsey, Norman

    Source-level Debugging for Multiple Languages With Modest Programming Effort Sukyoung Ryu present techniques that enable source-level debugging for multi- ple languages at the cost of only modest

  7. Spanish Major Requirements Option A: Language and Hispanic Studies (for students declared prior to Fall 2013)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wisconsin at Madison, University of

    Spanish Major Requirements Option A: Language and Hispanic Studies (for students declared prior (12 credits) 311: Introduction to Advanced Language Practice 320: Spanish Phonetics _____ 3 additional course (322: Early Hispanic, 324: Modern Spanish, 326: Spanish American) Spanish 322 is recommended

  8. A Parallel Training Algorithm for Hierarchical Pitman-Yor Process Language Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Songfang; Renals, Steve

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Hierarchical Pitman Yor Process Language Model (HPYLM) is a Bayesian language model based on a non-parametric prior, the Pitman-Yor Process. It has been demonstrated, both theoretically and practically, that the HPYLM can provide better...

  9. Lexical and Language Modeling of Diacritics and Morphemes in Arabic Automatic Speech Recognition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al Hanai, Tuka

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Arabic is a morphologically rich language which rarely displays diacritics. These two features of the language pose challenges when building Automatic Speech Recognition (ASR) systems. Morphological complexity leads to ...

  10. PLANNER: A Language for Manipulating Models and Proving Theorems in a Robot

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hewitt, Carl

    1970-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    PLANNER is a language for proving theorems and manipulating models in a robot. The language is built out of a number of problem-solving primitives together with a hierarchical control structure. Statements can be asserted ...

  11. Learning to understand spatial language for robotic navigation and mobile manipulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kollar, Thomas (Thomas Fleming)

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis focuses on understanding task-constrained natural language commands, where a person gives a natural language command to the robot and the robot infers and executes the corresponding plan. Understanding natural ...

  12. Spatial language, visual attention, and perceptual simulation Kenny R. Coventry a,b,*, Dermot Lynott c

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cangelosi, Angelo

    processing a b s t r a c t Spatial language descriptions, such as The bottle is over the glass, direct bottle is over the glass", constitute an important part of adult language. They also di- rect

  13. 9th Annual Oklahoma Native American Youth Language Fair Sam Noble Oklahoma Museum of Natural History

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oklahoma, University of

    9th Annual Oklahoma Native American Youth Language Fair Sam Noble Oklahoma Museum of Natural History University of Oklahoma Elder Voices, Youth Choices from the Oklahoma Native American Youth Language Fair! We are pleased

  14. LANGUAGE ATTITUDES OF IRAQI NATIVE SPEAKERS OF ARABIC: A SOCIOLINGUISTIC INVESTIGATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murad, Mohammed Kamil

    2014-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

    (Kurdistan). On the formal level, all legislations, laws, and official documents should be in both languages. The Iraqi constitution itself is written in SA and Kurdish. A range of other minority languages are spoken by different ethnic groups in Iraq...

  15. Summary of Master Degree Thesis "Italian Language for Specific Purposes. The experience at the Military

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , to be inscribed in a general reflection about humanistic- affective didactics of foreign languages in a particular

  16. From Hybrid Data-Flow Languages to Hybrid Automata: A Complete Translation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    systems. Languages like Simulink1 , Modelica2 , and Zelus [6] have been developed to support the modelling

  17. The Need for Language Repair The Reformation Algorithm Discussion Reformation: A Domain-Independent Algorithm

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    St Andrews, University of

    The Need for Language Repair The Reformation Algorithm Discussion Reformation: A Domain of Edinburgh University of St Andrews, 27th November 2013 #12;The Need for Language Repair The Reformation Algorithm Discussion Outline 1 The Need for Language Repair 2 The Reformation Algorithm 3 Discussion #12;The

  18. Mind & Language, Vol. 22 No. 4 September 2007, pp. 366401. 2007 The Author

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barrett, Jeffrey A.

    Mind & Language, Vol. 22 No. 4 September 2007, pp. 366­401. © 2007 The Author Journal compilation of language (and mind) to dualistic standards (e.g. Chomsky, 1986, ch. 4; 2000, ch. 2-6; 1975, ch. 4 approach to the mind that considers language and similar phenomena to be elements of the natural world

  19. Recognition and Scanning Recognition is deciding if a word is in a language or not

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waterloo, University of

    Scanning Recognition and Scanning Recognition is deciding if a word is in a language or not we know how to do this for regular languages Scanning is the process of splitting a string into tokens each token will be a word in the language use recognition to identify the tokens 1 #12;Scanning

  20. Combining Graphics and Layout Language i n a Sing1e Interactive System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Combining Graphics and Layout Language i n a Sing1e Interactive System by Stephen Trimberger. Copyright, California Institute of Technology, 1980 #12;Combining Graphics and Layout Language in a Single a design in that language, one must plot it. Interactive graphics systems, on the other hand, allow

  1. SEMANTIC STRUCTURED LANGUAGE MODELS Hakan Erdogan, Ruhi Sarikaya, Yuqing Gao and Michael Picheny

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Erdogan, Hakan

    SEMANTIC STRUCTURED LANGUAGE MODELS Hakan Erdogan, Ruhi Sarikaya, Yuqing Gao and Michael Picheny,sarikaya,yuqing,picheny}@us.ibm.com ABSTRACT In this study, we propose two novel semantic language model- ing techniques for spoken dialog systems. These methods are called semantic concept based language modeling and seman- tic structured

  2. PAN@FIRE 2013: Overview of the Cross-Language !ndian News

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosso, Paolo

    PAN@FIRE 2013: Overview of the Cross-Language !ndian News Story Search (CL!NSS) Track Parth Gupta1 , Paul Clough2 , Paolo Rosso1 Mark Stevenson2 , and Rafael E. Banchs3 1 NLE Lab, Universitat Politcnica and abundant language resource. This edition of PAN@FIRE task, cross-language !ndia news story search (CL

  3. Titanium Language Reference Manual, version 2.19 Paul N. Hilfinger

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    Titanium Language Reference Manual, version 2.19 Paul N. Hilfinger Dan Oscar Bonachea Kaushik Datta those of the Government, Sun Microsystems, or Microsoft. #12;Titanium Language Reference Manual Version, Geoff Pike, Jimmy Su, and Katherine Yelick November, 2005 #12;Abstract The Titanium language is a Java

  4. Properties of Context-free Languages We give the Pumping Lemma.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goddard, Wayne

    Properties of Context-free Languages We give the Pumping Lemma. #12;Proving Languages Not Context-Free Some languages cannot be recognized even by PDAs. But to prove this we need the Pumping Lemma. Pumping is in A for all i 0. We use notation z(i) = uviwxiy. Goddard 9b: 2 #12;Proof of Pumping Lemma Assume

  5. Mining Comparable Bilingual Text Corpora for Cross-Language Information Integration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhai, ChengXiang

    Mining Comparable Bilingual Text Corpora for Cross-Language Information Integration Tao Tao natural languages is a challenging task that often requires manually created lin- guistic resources languages. For a user who is interested in finding information from all Permission to make digital or hard

  6. Leveraging Concept Modeling Techniques for Language Model Adaptation in Mandarin Large Vocabulary Continuous Speech

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , no. 8, 2000, pp. 12701278, 2000. [2] J. R. Bellegarda, "Statistical language model adaptation.Rosenfeld, "Two decades of statistical language modeling: Where do we go from here," Proceedings of IEEE, vol. 88," Computer Speech and Language, vol. 11, 43-72, 1997. [4] R. Baeza-Yates and B. Ribeiro-Neto, Modern

  7. Text-To-Speech for Languages without an Orthography Sukhada Palkar Alan W Black Alok Parlikar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Black, Alan W

    Language Technologies Institute Carnegie Mellon University Pittsburgh (PA), USA {spalkar, awb, aup} @cs is an initial attempt at building synthetic voices for such languages. It may seem useless to develop a text from a closely related language. We use Automatic Speech Recognition technology to develop this writing

  8. CLASSIFICATION: Social: Anthropology TITLE: Kusunda: an Indo-Pacific language in Nepal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, William Shi-Yuan

    CLASSIFICATION: Social: Anthropology TITLE: Kusunda: an Indo-Pacific language in Nepal AUTHORS,247 1 #12;Kusunda: an Indo-Pacific language in Nepal 2 ABSTRACT: The Kusunda people of central Nepal both a linguistic and genetic perspective. #12;Kusunda: an Indo-Pacific language in Nepal 3 The Kusunda

  9. LTI PhD Graduate Student Handbook Page 1 Language Technologies Institute

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    LTI PhD Graduate Student Handbook Page 1 Language Technologies Institute PhD in Language and Information Technologies Student Handbook 2014-2015 Revised: August 14, 2014 #12;LTI PhD .................................................................................................................................. 5 1.1 The PhD in Language and Information Technologies

  10. Adaptation of Pronunciation Dictionaries for Recognition of Unseen Languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schultz, Tanja

    investigates LVCSR systems in 15 languages of the world, namely Arabic, Chinese, Croatian, English, French Speakers Word units Training Data TrCD TrCI TrCD TrCI Chinese 5149 79 150K Croatian 2826 2616 62 64 80K), Croatian, German, Japanese, Korean, Portuguese, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Tamil and Turkish. In each

  11. Practical Statistical Thinking Probability: The Language of Statistics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Practical Statistical Thinking Probability: The Language of Statistics Essentials of Statistics and Probability Dhruv Sharma May 22, 2007 Department of Statistics, NC State University dbsharma@ncsu.edu SAMSI Undergrad Workshop Dhruv Sharma Essentials of Statistics and Probability #12;Practical Statistical Thinking

  12. A Search Engine for Natural Language Applications Michael J. Cafarella

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cafarella, Michael J.

    Algorithms, Design, Experimentation, Performance Keywords Search engine, indexing, variables, query, corpus literally millions of queries to search engines, which can overload search engines, and limit both the speedA Search Engine for Natural Language Applications Michael J. Cafarella Department of Computer

  13. A Language-Independent Proof System for Mutual Program Equivalence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    A Language-Independent Proof System for Mutual Program Equivalence Stefan Ciob^aca1 , Dorel Lucanu, France 3 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, USA Abstract. Two programs are mutually equivalent if they both diverge or they end up in similar states. Mutual equivalence is an adequate no- tion

  14. architecture programming language: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    architecture programming language First Page Previous Page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 A Formal Architecture...

  15. Eurospeech 2001 -Scandinavia OASIS Natural Language Call Steering Trial

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fosler-Lussier, Eric

    Eurospeech 2001 - Scandinavia OASIS Natural Language Call Steering Trial Peter J Durston 1 , Mark's call steering banking trials [2]. This paper describes a recent trial of the OASIS call steering system on live traffic from a UK operator centre. This trial is part of an ongoing investigation under the OASIS

  16. Quantitative Languages for Complex Systems Applied to Biological Structure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    representations of the system. We illustrate the development of such languages using the structure of Drosophila this problem as well as to promote the study of complex systems as a systematic discipline, we seek to develop, life cycle stages, mutant abnormalities, gene expression patterns, genetic interactions, etc. In order

  17. A KNOWLEDGE ENGINEERING APPROACH TO NATURAL LANGUAGE UNDERSTANDING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shapiro, Stuart C.

    A KNOWLEDGE ENGINEERING APPROACH TO NATURAL LANGUAGE UNDERSTANDING Stuart C. Shapiro & Jeannette G ABSTRACT This paper describes the results of a preliminary study of a Knowledge Engineering approach. I INTRODUCTION This paper describes the results of a preliminary study of a Knowledge Engineering

  18. A taxonomy for simulation modeling based on programming language principles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mukherjee, Amlan

    A taxonomy for simulation modeling based on programming language principles PAUL A. FISHWICK many diverse areas employ simulation models, no agreed-upon taxonomy has been developed to categorize than the design structure of the model. We present a uniform model design taxonomy whose categories

  19. Taxonomy and synthesis of Web services querying languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bitar, Ibrahim El; Roudies, Ounsa

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Most works on Web services has focused on discovery, composition and selection processes of these kinds of services. Other few works were interested in how to represent Web services search queries. However, these queries cannot be processed by ensuring a high level of performance without being adequately represented first. To this end, different query languages were designed. Even so, in the absence of a standard, these languages are quite various. Their diversity makes it difficult choosing the most suitable language. In fact, this language should be able to cover all types of preferences or requirements of clients such as their functional, nonfunctional,temporal or even specific constraints as is the case of geographical or spatial constraints and meet their needs and preferences helping to provide them the best answer. It must also be mutually simple and imposes no restrictions or at least not too many constraints in terms of prior knowledge to use and also provide a formal or semi-formal queries presentat...

  20. Graphical language for identification of control strategies allowing Demand Response

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    Graphical language for identification of control strategies allowing Demand Response David DA SILVA. This will allow the identification of the electric appliance availability for demand response control strategies to be implemented in terms of demand response for electrical appliances. Introduction An important part

  1. Data Models and Query Languages for Linked Geospatial Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koubarakis, Manolis

    Data Models and Query Languages for Linked Geospatial Data Manolis Koubarakis, Manos Karpathiotakis,mk,kkyzir,charnik,sioutis}@di.uoa.gr Abstract. The recent availability of geospatial information as linked open data has generated new interest in geospatial query processing and reasoning, a topic with a long tradition of research in the areas

  2. Access Control Policies and Languages in Open Environments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Samarati, Pierangela

    systems is specifying and enforcing access control security policies regulating interactions between languages and coming from different systems can be combined. 1 Introduction Access control is the process should be granted or denied. Access control plays an important role in overall system security

  3. A Configurable Reference Modelling Language1 M. Rosemanna

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van der Aalst, Wil

    Systems, Configuration, Event-Driven Process Chains 1 This research project is financially supported by SAP Research. #12;- 2 - 1 Introduction Enterprise Systems (ES) offer business solutions for typical language used in the by far most successful Enterprise System (SAP) with configurable elements. Thus

  4. 1 ON LANGUAGES FOR DYNAMIC RESOURCE SCHEDULING PROBLEMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Powell, Warren B.

    , mathematics, chemistry and the oil industry. Particularly in today's relatively specialized economy, it is di are: management, operations, marketing and human resources. Management thinks of itself a1 ON LANGUAGES FOR DYNAMIC RESOURCE SCHEDULING PROBLEMS Warren B. Powell Abstract: The modeling

  5. Structured Language for Specifications of Quantitative Requirements Mario Dal Cin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fey, Dietmar

    are derived from risk measures. Then, the analysis gives useful information to improve system performance and to reduce risk. However, as computer-based analysis deals with more complex system behavior a rigorousStructured Language for Specifications of Quantitative Requirements Mario Dal Cin University

  6. 45-Day Language Hearing Agenda Building Energy Efficiency Standards

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shirakh 09:15 AM Revisions to Sections 10-101 10-114 Energy Building Regulations, All Occupancies Gary45-Day Language Hearing Agenda Building Energy Efficiency Standards Revisions for Residential for Solar Ready Buildings All Occupancies Patrick Saxton 10:35 AM Revisions to Sections 150

  7. Hierarchical Bayesian Language Models for Conversational Speech Recognition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Songfang; Renals, Steve

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Traditional n-gram language models are widely used in state-of-the-art large vocabulary speech recognition systems. This simple model suffers from some limitations, such as overfitting of maximum-likelihood estimation and the lack of rich contextual...

  8. Using Prosodic Information to Constrain Language Models for Spoken Dialogue

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taylor, Paul A; Shimodaira, Hiroshi; Isard, Stephen; King, Simon; Kowtko, Jacqueline C

    on the extra constraint achieved in a bigram language model, expressed in terms of entropy, by using separate submodels for different sorts of dialogue acts, and trying to predict which submodel to apply by analysis of the intonation of the sentence being...

  9. Natural Language Engineering http://journals.cambridge.org/NLE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wintner, Shuly

    Natural Language Engineering http://journals.cambridge.org/NLE Additional services for Natural1351324912000101 Request Permissions : Click here Downloaded from http://journals.cambridge.org/NLE, IP address: 79 as anchors that delimit the search space. We use a large monolingual corpus to rank and filter

  10. Law, Logic and Language in Legal Computer Science

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cheng, Eugenia

    Law, Logic and Language in Legal Computer Science Michael Heather School of Law University of Northumbria at Newcastle, NE1 8ST, UK B.Nick Rossiter Computing Science Newcastle University, NE1 7RU B.N.Rossiter@ncl.ac.uk November 1995 Abstract Legal computer science requires a theoretical basis which can be realized

  11. A LANGUAGE RESOURCES GENERATION TOOLBOX FOR SPEECH SYNTHESIS David Sundermann

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suendermann, David

    corpora for speech synthesis in the European project TC- Star. 1. INTRODUCTION One of the objectives of the European project TC-Star (Technology and Corpora for Speech-to-Speech Transla- tion) [1] is the generation of corpora for text-to-speech syn- thesis. According to the TC-Star speech synthesis language resources

  12. Combinatorial Auctions with Externalities: Basic Properties and Bidding Languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Atkinson, Katie

    's valuation function. We then develop a bidding language for combinatorial auctions with externalities. The lan- guage uses weighted logical formulae to represent bidder valuation functions. We then investigate, and characterise the complexity of classifying the properties of valuation functions. We then present two

  13. English Language Centre Certificate in Academic English and Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Applebaum, David

    -class Reading Assessment READING WEEK 8 Evaluating academic articles Commenting on a text / Critiquing skills (1English Language Centre Certificate in Academic English and Law Appendix 1 ­ Provisional Syllabus test / Diagnostic grammar test 2 Intro to academic writing / Academic style Review of diagnostic tests

  14. Temporal Language Models for the Disclosure of Historical Text

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hiemstra, Djoerd

    Introduction Historical and heritage collections consist for a considerable part of text and may incorporateTemporal Language Models for the Disclosure of Historical Text Franciska de Jong Henning Rode of the historical distance, access to this content is not straightforward. Historical variants of text are often

  15. Large Scale Language Modeling in Automatic Speech Recognition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tomkins, Andrew

    of perplexity (PPL) [1]: PPL(M) = exp(- 1 N N k=1 ln [PM (wk|Wk-1)]) (3) A more relevant metric for ASR the PPL and word error rate (WER) for two language models (3-gram and 5-gram, respectively) built

  16. Automated Termination Analysis: From Term Rewriting to Programming Languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ábrahám, Erika

    Automated Termination Analysis: From Term Rewriting to Programming Languages J¨urgen Giesl LuFG Informatik 2 RWTH Aachen Ahornstr. 55 52074 Aachen, Germany giesl@informatik.rwth-aachen.de Termination important for program verification. Traditionally, tech- niques for automated termination analysis were

  17. THE SIZE-CHANGE TERMINATION PRINCIPLE FOR CONSTRUCTOR BASED LANGUAGES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    THE SIZE-CHANGE TERMINATION PRINCIPLE FOR CONSTRUCTOR BASED LANGUAGES PIERRE HYVERNAT Abstract to improve the size-change termination principle of Lee, Jones and Ben-Amram. The points of interest-change termination principle ([1]) is a simple, yet surprisingly strong termination checker for generic programming

  18. From Termination to Cost (in Object-Oriented Languages)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Politécnica de Madrid, Universidad

    From Termination to Cost (in Object-Oriented Languages) Elvira Albert Complutense University of Madrid (Spain) 11th International Workshop on Termination Edinburgh, 14 July, 2010 Elvira Albert From Termination to Cost #12;Outline of the Talk 1 Simple Imperative Bytecode Programs Elvira Albert From

  19. STQL --A SPATIO-TEMPORAL QUERY LANGUAGE Martin Erwig

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Erwig, Martin

    evolutions of spatial objects over time. We consider spatio- temporal operations that are particularly useful is to provide a DBMS data model and query language capable of handling such time-dependent geome- tries. Thereby. Our modeling also includes the sim- pler, discrete case where temporal evolutions are stepwise

  20. Robot Path Planning in Uncertain Environments: A Language-Measure-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ray, Asok

    Robot Path Planning in Uncertain Environments: A Language-Measure- Theoretic Approach Devesh K. Jha the problem of goal-directed robot path planning in the presence of uncertainties that are induced by bounded, probabilistic finite state automata 1 Motivation and Introduction In general, path planning of robots (e

  1. UPC Language and Library Specifications, Version 1.3

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    UPC Consortium; Bonachea, Dan; Funck, Gary

    2013-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

    UPC is an explicitly parallel extension to the ISO C 99 Standard. UPC follows the partitioned global address space programming model. This document is the formal specification for the UPC language and library syntax and semantics, and supersedes prior specification version 1.2 (LBNL-59208).

  2. Identifying the Original Contribution of a Document via Language Modeling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joachims, Thorsten

    and impact, and we show how it can find text passages that best summarize the original contributionIdentifying the Original Contribution of a Document via Language Modeling Benyah Shaparenko Cornell that a document contributes to a corpus, focusing on self-referential diachronic corpora such as research pub

  3. Identifying the Original Contribution of a Document via Language Modeling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joachims, Thorsten

    Identifying the Original Contribution of a Document via Language Modeling Benyah Shaparenko the original ideas that a document contributes to a corpus, focusing on self-referential diachronic corpora such as research publications, blogs, email, and news articles. Our statistical model of passage impact defines

  4. Providing Intelligent Language Feedback for Augmentative Communication Users

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCoy, Kathleen F.

    . Pennington and Kathleen F. McCoy Applied Science and Engineering Laboratories Department of ComputerProviding Intelligent Language Feedback for Augmentative Communication Users Christopher A and Information Sciences University of Delaware duPont Hospital for Children Wilmington, DE 19899 penningt

  5. Providing Intelligent Language Feedback for Augmentative Communication Users

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCoy, Kathleen F.

    . Pennington and Kathleen F. McCoy Applied Science and Engineering Laboratories Department of ComputerProviding Intelligent Language Feedback for Augmentative Communication Users Christopher A and Information Sciences University of Delaware / duPont Hospital for Children Wilmington, DE 19899 penningt

  6. Description Logics as Ontology Languages for the Semantic Web

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baader, Franz

    Description Logics as Ontology Languages for the Semantic Web Franz Baader 1 , Ian Horrocks 2. The vision of a Semantic Web has recently drawn consider- able attention, both from academia and industry. Description logics are often named as one of the tools that can support the Semantic Web and thus help to make

  7. Samples of Drug Testing Language Memorandum for Human Resources File

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Almor, Amit

    Samples of Drug Testing Language Memorandum for Human Resources File DATE: TO: Employee FROM: Supervisor RE: Drug Testing As you know, the position that you have been selected for requires that you pass a pre-employment drug and alcohol test. In addition to the pre-employment test, you will also be subject

  8. Expressing Polymorphic Types in a Many-Sorted Language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the built-in theory of arrays in SMT solvers such as Z3 and CVC3. The proposed methods are implemented in automated deduction: SMT solvers use many-sorted languages such as SMT-LIB [1], and TPTP provers are content or arrays of reals. Yet decision procedures for such "complex" types are implemented in some SMT solvers

  9. S429 (#29558) Variation and Language in Context Themester 2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Indiana University

    , and academic discourse. Prerequisites: S326 or departmental permission. Please contact the instructor if you Cultures in the Language Classroom. Ann Arbor: The University of Michigan Press. Articles on E-reserves: S for additional information regarding students' rights and responsibilities: Academic Affairs Office, College

  10. FACULTY OF ARTS & SCIENCE 2012/13 SLAVIC LANGUAGES AND

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toronto, University of

    in Translation SLA234H1 - Russian and Soviet Cinema #12;FACULTY OF ARTS & SCIENCE 2012/13 SLA240H1 - New FormsFACULTY OF ARTS & SCIENCE 2012/13 SLAVIC LANGUAGES AND LITERATURES www of Polish Literature and Culture: A Survey SLA225H1 - The Czech and Slovak Cinema SLA226H1 - Postwar Polish

  11. Kusunda: An Indo-Pacific language in Nepal Paul Whitehouse

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ruhlen, Merritt

    Kusunda: An Indo-Pacific language in Nepal Paul Whitehouse , Timothy Usher , Merritt Ruhlen people of central Nepal have long been regarded as a relic tribe of South Asia. They are, or were until people of central Nepal are one of the few ``relic'' tribes found on the Indian subcontinent (the Nahali

  12. Synchronous Programs Testing Language Mouna TKA Mnad1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    of the language Let's consider the following simple reactive program, an air-conditioner controller. The program inputs are: onOff (Boolean: true when the user pushes the On-Off button of the air-conditioner), Tamb of the air-conditioner ) and Tout (integer: indicates the temperature of the air that the air-conditioner

  13. For further information, contact: Chiara Ariotti, Department of Languages Translation and Media Email: c.Ariotti@swansea.ac.uk Tel: +44 (0)1792 602245

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, Ralph R.

    for jobs, languages skills can be a bonus, setting you apart from other candidates. The Languages for All week). LFA BEGINNERS Module code Title Credits Teaching Block MLG140 Languages for All German 1 10 1 MLG141 Languages for All German 2 10 2 MLF140 Languages for All French 1 10 1 MLF141 Languages

  14. 2011-2012BROWNBAGCOLLOQUIUMSERIES Charter on Language Policy and Language Rights in the Creole-Speaking Caribbean: Sociolinguistic implications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berdichevsky, Victor

    -Speaking Caribbean: Sociolinguistic implications WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 26, 2011 12:30 PM - 1:30PM 2339 FACULTY of native speakers of minority languages and dialects, including the speakers of Caribbean creoles. As a bold corrective response to this situation, the recently created International Centre for Caribbean

  15. A Global View Programming Abstraction for Transitioning MPI Codes to PGAS Languages

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mintz, Tiffany M [ORNL] [ORNL; Hernandez, Oscar R [ORNL] [ORNL; Bernholdt, David E [ORNL] [ORNL

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The multicore generation of scientific high performance computing has provided a platform for the realization of Exascale computing, and has also underscored the need for new paradigms in coding parallel applications. The current standard for writing parallel applications requires programmers to use languages designed for sequential execution. These languages have abstractions that only allow programmers to operate on the process centric local view of data. To provide suitable languages for parallel execution, many research efforts have designed languages based on the Partitioned Global Address Space (PGAS) programming model. Chapel is one of the more recent languages to be developed using this model. Chapel supports multithreaded execution with high-level abstractions for parallelism. With Chapel in mind, we have developed a set of directives that serve as intermediate expressions for transitioning scientific applications from languages designed for sequential execution to PGAS languages like Chapel that are being developed with parallelism in mind.

  16. Multilingual Practices of Senegalese Immigrants in Paris and Rome: A Comparative Study of Language Use and Identity Construction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Maya Angela

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    French language vigorously, while Abdou Diouf, who succeededaussi le deuxime prsident, Abdou Diouf, qui vit maintenant

  17. SLALOM: a Language for SLA specification and monitoring

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Correia, Anacleto; Amaral, Vasco

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    IT services provisioning is usually underpinned by service level agreements (SLAs), aimed at guaranteeing services quality. However, there is a gap between the customer perspective (business oriented) and that of the service provider (implementation oriented) that becomes more evident while defining and monitoring SLAs. This paper proposes a domain specific language (SLA Language for specificatiOn and Monitoring - SLALOM) to bridge the previous gap. The first step in SLALOM creation was factoring out common concepts, by composing the BPMN metamodel with that of the SLA life cycle, as described in ITIL. The derived metamodel expresses the SLALOM abstract syntax model. The second step was to write concrete syntaxes targeting different aims, such as SLA representation in process models. An example of SLALOM's concrete syntax model instantiation for an IT service sup-ported by self-service financial terminals is presented.

  18. Inclusion of English language learners in conversion small schools

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Plett, Bethany Joy

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    policy of language learning (Callahan, 2005; Harper & Platt, 1998; Platt, Harper, Mendoza, 2003). Because ELL students are legally guaranteed specialized instruction in order to acquire English, small school reform that is focused on disrupting special..., 1995). Population growth is only part of the reason for a growth in ELL inclusion. Politics and budgets also motivate the decision to mainstream ELL students (Harklau, 1994a; Platt & Harper, 1998; Platt, Harper, Mendoza, 2003). Including ELL students...

  19. A study on metrics for simulation programming languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nallapati, Kumar V.

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    proposes models for metrics specially designed for use in simulation modeling which can help in evaluating the performance and resource requirements of simulation programming languages. Certain existing software metrics for general purpose programming... GPSS and SIMAN. With these characteristics and the existing metrics, models were developed for evaluation of software and hardware requirements for a given simulation problem. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS I thank Dr. Sallie Sheppard, Chairperson of my committee...

  20. Language Technologies "New Media and eScience" MSc Programme

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Erjavec, Toma?

    Technologies TechnicalitiesTechnicalities Lecturer:Lecturer: http://http://nl.ijs.si/et/nl.ijs.si/et/ tomaz.erjavec@ijs.sitomaz.erjavec@ijs.si Course homepage:Course homepage: http://nl.ijs.si/et/teach/mps08http://nl.ijs.si/et/teach/mps08--hlt: introduction to datasets Exam datesExam dates Introduction to HumanIntroduction to Human Language Technologies

  1. The semantics of Chemical Markup Language (CML): dictionaries and conventions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murray-Rust, Peter; Townsend, Joseph A; Adams, Sam; Phadungsukanan, Weerapong; Thomas, Jens

    2011-07-04T23:59:59.000Z

    of Chemistry, Lensfield Road, Cambridge CB2 1EW b Department of Chemical Engineering, Pembroke Street, Cambridge CB2 3RA c STFC Daresbury Laboratory, Daresbury Science and Innovation Campus, Warrington WA4 4AD *pm286@cam.ac.uk Abstract The semantic... scientific units. All conventions, dictionaries and dictionary elements are identifiable and addressable through unique URIs. Introduction From an early stage, Chemical Markup Language (CML) was designed so that it could accommodate an indefinitely...

  2. A connectionist model of the effect of pro-drop on SVO languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Van Everbroeck, Ezra Laurens

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of the networks learning the difficult language type on fourfor the networks learning the difficult type and it was morefour sentence types of the networks learning the difficult

  3. A connectionist model of the effect of pro-drop on SVO languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Van Everbroeck, Ezra Laurens

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    from our language learning simulations to what is known1999). Human simulations of vocabulary learning. Cognition,but our simulations have demonstrated that learning several

  4. Evolution of a Simple Compositional Language Using Animat-Based Modeling and Simulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moritani, Masaki

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    to handle the problems. Learning Simulations with imitationas the simulation runs without learning. For this reason,language using a simulation more dependent on learning than

  5. Visual language recognition with a feed-forward network of spiking neurons

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rasmussen, Craig E [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Garrett, Kenyan [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Sottile, Matthew [GALOIS; Shreyas, Ns [INDIANA UNIV.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An analogy is made and exploited between the recognition of visual objects and language parsing. A subset of regular languages is used to define a one-dimensional 'visual' language, in which the words are translational and scale invariant. This allows an exploration of the viewpoint invariant languages that can be solved by a network of concurrent, hierarchically connected processors. A language family is defined that is hierarchically tiling system recognizable (HREC). As inspired by nature, an algorithm is presented that constructs a cellular automaton that recognizes strings from a language in the HREC family. It is demonstrated how a language recognizer can be implemented from the cellular automaton using a feed-forward network of spiking neurons. This parser recognizes fixed-length strings from the language in parallel and as the computation is pipelined, a new string can be parsed in each new interval of time. The analogy with formal language theory allows inferences to be drawn regarding what class of objects can be recognized by visual cortex operating in purely feed-forward fashion and what class of objects requires a more complicated network architecture.

  6. Effects of Orthographic Depth on Literacy Performance: Reading Comprehension Difficulties Across Languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McClung, Nicola Ann

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Specific reading disability (dyslexia): What have we learnedThe nature and causes of dyslexia in different languages. Inreading deficit in developmental dyslexia: A review. Reading

  7. Reading Acquisition, Developmental Dyslexia, and Skilled Reading Across Languages: A Psycholinguistic Grain Size Theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Port, Robert

    Reading Acquisition, Developmental Dyslexia, and Skilled Reading Across Languages representations and accompanying differences in developmental reading strategies and the manifestation of dyslexia

  8. Language Assessment as a System: Best Practices, Stakeholders, Models, and Testimonials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Avineri, Netta; Londe, Zsuzsa; Hardacre, Bahiyyih; Carris, Lauren; So, Youngsoon; Majidpour, Mostafa

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    language assessment. Mostafa Majidpour is a second-year PhDcoordinator), and Mostafa Majidpour (current UCLA electricalYoungsoon So and Mostafa Majidpour). When one considers the

  9. Review guidelines on software languages for use in nuclear power plant safety systems. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hecht, H.; Hecht, M.; Graff, S.; Green, W.; Lin, D.; Koch, S.; Tai, A.; Wendelboe, D. [SoHaR, Inc., Beverly Hills, CA (United States)

    1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Guidelines for the programming and auditing of software written in high level languages for safety systems are presented. The guidelines are derived from a framework of issues significant to software safety which was gathered from relevant standards and research literature. Language-specific adaptations of these guidelines are provided for the following high level languages: Ada, C/C++, Programmable Logic Controller (PLC) Ladder Logic, International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) Standard 1131-3 Sequential Function Charts, Pascal, and PL/M. Appendices to the report include a tabular summary of the guidelines and additional information on selected languages.s

  10. Motor activation in language processing : effects of handedness, experience, and planning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beveridge, Madeleine Edith Louisa

    2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Embodied Cognition accounts propose that motor activation contributes to semantic representations in action language (Fischer & Zwaan, 2008). However, the nature of this activation remains largely unspecified: in particular, ...

  11. Adult Female English Language Learners: Investment, Identity and Benefits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wharton, Anna

    2013-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

    appreciated. Third, I thank everyone who helped me throughout my research: Dr. Bonny Norton and Dr. Ellen Skilton-Sylvester for their kind correspondences; the teams at iRIS and the IRB; Kerri Smith in the TLAC office; and the lovely people from... past surface motivation to investigating language investment and how a learner?s identity and learning experience interface, and the effect that each has on the other. Since the birth of Norton Peirce?s (1995) notion of investment, studies have...

  12. Selected Translated Abstracts of Chinese-Language Climate Change Publications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cushman, R.M.; Burtis, M.D.

    1999-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report contains English-translated abstracts of important Chinese-language literature concerning global climate change for the years 1995-1998. This body of literature includes the topics of adaptation, ancient climate change, climate variation, the East Asia monsoon, historical climate change, impacts, modeling, and radiation and trace-gas emissions. In addition to the biological citations and abstracts translated into English, this report presents the original citations and abstracts in Chinese. Author and title indexes are included to assist the reader in locating abstracts of particular interest.

  13. Plain Language Compliance Report (2012) | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122Commercial602 1,39732onMakeEducationRemediationDepartment ofTinyPlain Language

  14. Plain Language Compliance Report (2014) | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122Commercial602 1,39732onMakeEducationRemediationDepartment ofTinyPlain LanguagePlain

  15. Plain Language Compliance Report (2012) | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the.pdfBreaking ofOilNEWResponse(Expired)of Energy PhotothePicturePlain Language

  16. Plain Language Compliance Report (2014) | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the.pdfBreaking ofOilNEWResponse(Expired)of Energy PhotothePicturePlain LanguagePlain

  17. Proceedings of the First Workshop on Applying NLP Tools to Similar Languages, Varieties and Dialects, pages 5867, Dublin, Ireland, August 23 2014.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    between more languages1, they still struggle to discriminate between similar languages such as Croatian on the availability of data) languages that have been studied in previous experiments, such as Croatian, English

  18. EXPLORING THE SPECTRUM OF MOTIVATION IN SECOND LANGUAGE SETTINGS: IDENTIFYING AND EVALUATING NEW FORMS OF MOTIVATION IN COLLEGE FOREIGN LANGUAGE COURSES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Begenchev, Mike

    2011-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The main objectives of this study were: to determine if college students in foreign language classes had more external motivation than internal motivation; to investigate the strength of motivation in college foreign ...

  19. When language policy and pedagogy conflict: pupils and educators practiced language policies in an English-medium kindergarten classroom in Greece

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Papageorgiou, Ifigenia

    2012-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

    An international school (BES) in Greece, overwhelmingly attended by Greek origin children, has adopted, as its language policy, English as the official medium of interaction, including in the Reception classroom, the ...

  20. In the Land of Invented Languages: Esperanto Rock Stars, Klingon Poets, Loglan Lovers, and the Mad Dreamers Who Tried to Build a Perfect Language - By Arika Okrent

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Graham M.

    While it is not a scholarly work, Arika Okrents In the Land of Invented Languages recommends itself to linguistic anthropologists on a variety of counts. An intellectual picaresque describing the authors historical and ...

  1. Slavic Languages & Comparative Slavic Linguistics Slavic Grammar MatrixSlavic Grammar Matrix

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Avgustinova, Tania

    ;5 Balkan SprachbundBalkan Sprachbund The Balkan linguistic area is the ensemble of areal features among languages of the Balkans, which belong to various branches of Indo-European, such as Albanian, Greek the language of the area belongs #12;6 Balkan SprachbundBalkan Sprachbund morphological Balkanisms

  2. Clay: A Type-Safe Systems Programming Language Bucknell Computer Science Technical Report #08-1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wittie, Lea

    Clay: A Type-Safe Systems Programming Language Bucknell Computer Science Technical Report #08-1 Lea Wittie March 12, 2008 1 Introduction The Clay programming language is a type-safe variant of C, arithmetic constraints in function pre and post conditions, polymorphism, and type inference. Clay is able

  3. CHP and CHPsim: A Language and Simulator for Fine-Grain Distributed Computation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, Alain

    1 CHP and CHPsim: A Language and Simulator for Fine-Grain Distributed Computation Alain J. Martin Abstract--This paper describes a complete and stable version of CHP and the simulator CHPsim. CHP partial versions of the language are already widely used, but CHP has never been presented as a complete

  4. PIR: A Domain Specific Language for Multimedia Retrieval Xiaobing Huang and Tian Zhao

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, Tian

    PIR: A Domain Specific Language for Multimedia Retrieval Xiaobing Huang and Tian Zhao Department for efficiency and cannot be easily adapted for parallelization. In this paper, we present PIR (Pipeline To address these problems, we introduce a domain specific language: PIR 1 for developing MIR applications

  5. A HYGROTHERMAL BUILDING MODEL BASED ON THE OBJECT-ORIENTED MODELING LANGUAGE MODELICA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A HYGROTHERMAL BUILDING MODEL BASED ON THE OBJECT-ORIENTED MODELING LANGUAGE MODELICA Christoph modeling language Modelica. As a starting point for the development of the new building model (thermal building simulation). The first results of this research are Modelica-implementations of a thermal

  6. Semantics Guided Filtering of Combinatorial Graph Transformations in Declarative Equation-Based Languages.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burns, Peter

    required to get the simulation working. The paper is organized as follows: Section 2 introduces Modelica, a new equation-based declarative language. Some specific Modelica language constructs necessary using Modelica. Section 5 gives some preliminary definitions related to the concept of bipartite graphs

  7. Visual Design of coherent Technology-Enhanced Learning Systems: a few lessons learned from CPM language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Visual Design of coherent Technology-Enhanced Learning Systems: a few lessons learned from CPM Systems: a few lessons learned from CPM language Abstract. Visual instructional design languages currently Botturi ; Todd Stubbs (Ed.) (2007) 254-280" #12;-1- Visual Design of coherent Technology-Enhanced Learning

  8. Redundancy Ratio: An Invariant Property of the Consonant Inventories of the World's Languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ganguly, Niloy

    Redundancy Ratio: An Invariant Property of the Consonant Inventories of the World's Languages that is observed across the sound inventories of the world's languages. Through rigorous statis- tical analysis, we analysis further un- folds that the vowel inventories do not ex- hibit any such property, which in turn

  9. Brain and Language xxx (2006) xxxxxx www.elsevier.com/locate/b&l

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coulson, Seana

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Brain and Language xxx (2006) xxxxxx www.elsevier.com/locate/b&l 0093-934X/$ - see front matter@u.arizona.edu (C. Van Petten). #12;2 C. Van Petten, B.J. Luka / Brain and Language xxx (2006) xxxxxx ARTICLE

  10. K.Stock et al. Creating a corpus of geospatial language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stock, Kristin

    K.Stock et al. Creating a corpus of geospatial language Kristin Stock* , Robert C Pasley, Zoe Gardner, Paul Brindley, Jeremy Morley and Claudia Cialone Nottingham Geospatial Institute, University, examples of geospatial language are usually collected from the personal knowledge of researchers

  11. POET: A Scripting Language For Applying Parameterized Source-to-source Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yi, Qing

    POET: A Scripting Language For Applying Parameterized Source-to-source Program Transformations Qing Yi (qingyi@cs.utsa.edu) University of Texas at San Antonio Abstract We present POET, a scripting as well as building ad-hoc translators between these languages. We have used POET to support a large

  12. POET: A Scripting Language For Applying Parameterized Source-to-source Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yi, Qing

    POET: A Scripting Language For Applying Parameterized Source-to-source Program Transformations Qing Yi (qingyi@cs.utsa.edu) University of Texas at San Antonio Abstract We present POET, a scripting as well as building ad- hoc translators between these languages. We have used POET to support a large

  13. Available online at www.sciencedirect.com Computer Speech and Language 28 (2014) 607618

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beskow, Jonas

    Gurk and MacDonald, 1976). In acoustically adverse conditions, visible speech enhances speech comprehension and Language 28 (2014) 607­618 This audiovisual speech enhancement effect is particularly important for peopleAvailable online at www.sciencedirect.com Computer Speech and Language 28 (2014) 607­618 Animated

  14. Reinventing the Way of Construction: The Development of a New Design Language Proceedings IGLC '98 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tommelein, Iris D.

    Reinventing the Way of Construction: The Development of a New Design Language Proceedings IGLC '98 1 REINVENTING THE WAY OF CONSTRUCTION: THE DEVELOPMENT OF A NEW DESIGN LANGUAGE ROSSI RESIDENCIAL. The conceptions on the ideal model of industry went by great transformations in the last decades, especially after

  15. Comparison, similarity and simulation in Zaar, a Chadic language of Nigeria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    Comparison, similarity and simulation in Zaar, a Chadic language of Nigeria Bernard CARON Llacan `similative' in Zaar, a Chadic language spoken south of Bauchi State, in Northern Nigeria. As the Zaar known as Saya, is spoken by about 150 000 speakers in the South of Bauchi State (Nigeria), in the Tafawa

  16. Update Propagation in Chimera, an Active DOOD Language \\Lambda Ulrike Griefahn Rainer Manthey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clausen, Michael

    Update Propagation in Chimera, an Active DOOD Language \\Lambda Ulrike Griefahn Rainer Manthey with the propagation of updates in an active DOOD language. The approach proposed is to make use of Chimera triggers for computing induced updates. It will be shown how a subset of Chimera's deductive rules can be compiled

  17. Switch-reference and Omotic-Cushitic Language Contact in Southwest Ethiopia Yvonne Treis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    1 Switch-reference and Omotic-Cushitic Language Contact in Southwest Ethiopia Yvonne Treis LLACAN. This study shows that there is a confined area in the South of Ethiopia where many Omotic languages and a few (Cushitic) and gives an overview of the distribution of switch-reference systems in Ethiopia in general

  18. Automated Termination Analysis for Haskell: From Term Rewriting to Programming Languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Middeldorp, Aart

    Automated Termination Analysis for Haskell: From Term Rewriting to Programming Languages J the application of existing techniques from term rewriting in order to prove termination of programs in the functional language Has- kell. In particular, we show how termination techniques for ordinary re- writing can

  19. Automated Termination Analysis for Haskell: From Term Rewriting to Programming Languages #

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ábrahám, Erika

    Automated Termination Analysis for Haskell: From Term Rewriting to Programming Languages # J the application of existing techniques from term rewriting in order to prove termination of programs in the functional language Has­ kell. In particular, we show how termination techniques for ordinary re­ writing can

  20. Comparison of Different Algorithms to Synthesize a Petri Net from a Partial Language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Desel, Jörg

    Comparison of Different Algorithms to Synthesize a Petri Net from a Partial Language Robin synthe- size a finite place/transition Petri net (p/t-net) from a finite set of labeled partial orders (a finite partial language). Either the synthesized p/t-net has exactly the non-sequential behavior

  1. Variants of the Language Based Synthesis Problem for Petri Nets Sebastian Mauser

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Desel, Jörg

    Variants of the Language Based Synthesis Problem for Petri Nets Sebastian Mauser Department.lorenz@informatik.uni-augsburg.de Abstract The application of synthesis of Petri nets from languages for practical problems has recently in realistic settings, because usually it is not asked for plain-vanilla Petri net synthesis, but specific ad

  2. Ronald: A Domain-Specific Language to study the interactions between malaria infections and drug

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McBurney, Peter

    Ronald: A Domain-Specific Language to study the interactions between malaria infections and drug kills more than 1 million peo- ple a year, mostly children in sub-Saharan Africa. Antimalarial drug-Specific Language to model the fundamental forces driving antimalarial drug resistance including drug

  3. An Empirical Study on Statistical Disambiguation of Japanese Dependency Structures Using a Lexically Sensitive Language Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shirai, Kiyoaki

    : The language model used in a statistical parser should have probabilistically well-founded se- mantics, which simultaneously1 . In this context, we newly designed a framework of statistical language modeling taking all) and (Collins, 1997) due to the lack of modularity of statistical types. 2Although syntactic structure R

  4. Evaluating the Design of the R Language Objects and Functions For Data Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vitek, Jan

    for an imperative programming style. R targets statistical computing, thus missing value support permeates all Brandon Hill Leo Osvald Jan Vitek Purdue University Abstract. R is a dynamic language for statistical of its Big Data Appliance product.2 As programming languages go, R comes equipped with a rather unlikely

  5. Pervasive informatics and persistent actimetric information in health smart homes : From Language Model to Location Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fouquet, Yannick

    Pervasive informatics and persistent actimetric information in health smart homes : From Language. Pervasive informatics and persistent actimetric information in health smart homes : From Language Model, this approach seems to be a good way of location modelling. Index Terms--smart flats for elderly people

  6. Development of Learning Environments with Use of Logo programming language in teaching praxis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kouroupetroglou, Georgios

    Development of Learning Environments with Use of Logo programming language in teaching praxis with the use of Logo programming language in didactic praxis to promote exploratory and collaborative learning and implementing scenarios and teaching activities by using microworlds developed in Logo-like environments

  7. Combining Language Generation and Belief Modelling into a Flexible Hypertext System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bontcheva, Kalina

    Combining Language Generation and Belief Modelling into a Flexible Hypertext System Kalina the required flexibility. Since these problems also fall in the domain of natural language generation (nlg how we can combine these two systems into a flexible hypertext generation environment. 2 Hypertext

  8. First language attrition and syntactic subjects : a study of Serbian, Croatian, and Bosnian intermediate and advanced speakers in Dutch

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beganovic, Jasminka

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation investigates the nature of second language induced first language attrition in the distribution and interpretation of overt and postverbal subjects in Serbian/Croatian/Bosnian (S/C/B). Data are collected ...

  9. The nature of the working memory system underlying language processing and its relationship to the long-term memory system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fedorenko, Evelina Georgievna

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis examines two questions concerning the working memory system underlying language processing: (1) To what extent is the working memory system underlying language processing domain-specific? and (2) What is the ...

  10. Factors which affect programming decision-making of public information radio tape service by Spanish-language broadcasters in Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pina, Manuel

    1974-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    impetus to this thesis project. One Texas Agricultural Extension Service study in El Paso by Daniel C. Pfannstiel and Starley M. Hunter points out that language preference and understanding of Spanish or English, or both languages, are major factors...

  11. Universit Pierre Mends-France de Grenoble Rflexions sur les difficults conomiques auxquelles sont

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    auxquelles sont confronts les pays exportateurs d'hydrocarbures Document l'appui d'une confrence donne pour les pays dots de fortes richesses en hydrocarbures de s'engager sur la voie d'un dveloppement et durable. Ce n'est pourtant pas ce processus qui s'est mis en place dans les pays exportateurs d'hydrocarbures

  12. Universit Joseph Fourier / Universit Pierre Mends France / Universit Stendhal / Universit de Savoie / Grenoble INP

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    characteristics of rainfall in the atmosphere and its impacts on soil surface erosion A Thesis presented=D/Dc, aussi appelé distribution générale, semble être bien représentée par une loi gamma à deux paramètres. Le sur 3 moments particuliers de la DSD (M0, M3 et M4) ou bien sur des moments multiples (de M0 à M6

  13. A Cure for the Valentine's Blues? Livermore Supercomputer Seeks to Mend Broken Hearts

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Cupid's arrows may help you find love, but an Energy Department supercomputer is working to help cure broken hearts.

  14. Universit Joseph Fourier / Universit Pierre Mends France / Universit Stendhal / Universit de Savoie / Grenoble INP

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    Biochimie Structurale, Montpellier, France Dr. Uwe MUELLER Membre Responsable de groupe BESSY, Berlin the help and support of my colleagues from IBS, especially my colleagues at Synchrotron Group and all Barbier from Synchrotron Group, for their kind office neighborship and advices in laboratory techniques

  15. Universit Joseph Fourier / Universit Pierre Mends France / Universit Stendhal / Universit de Savoie / Grenoble INP

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    forte del vapore, dell'elettricità e dell'energia solare: la volontà." Albert Einstein tel-00864002

  16. Alternatives for Mending a Permeable Reactive Barrier at a Former Uranium

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 1112011AT&T, Inc.'s Reply Comments AT&T,FACT S HEETand InspectionAlternative FuelMilling

  17. Using Views to Aid Language Design Dept of Computing Science, U of Newcastle upon Tyne, NE1 7RU, UK

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Newcastle upon Tyne, University of

    features of existing languages, trying to gain the benefits of each (e.g. UFO [11]); or (iii) simplify

  18. PAN@FIRE: Overview of the Cross-Language !ndian News Story Search (CL!NSS) Track

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosso, Paolo

    PAN@FIRE: Overview of the Cross-Language !ndian News Story Search (CL!NSS) Track Parth Gupta1 , Paul Clough2 , Paolo Rosso1 , and Mark Stevenson2 1 NLE Lab - ELiRF, Universitat Politcnica de-language India news story search (CL!NSS), focuses to address the news story linking task across languages

  19. Quantum theory as a critical regime of language dynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexei Grinbaum

    2015-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

    Quantum mechanics relies on the cut between the observer and the quantum system, but it does not define the observer physically. We propose an informational definition based on bounded complexity of strings. Language dynamics then leads to an emergent continuous model in the critical regime. Restricting it to a subfamily of `quantum' binary codes describing `bipartite systems', we find strong evidence of an upper bound on bipartite correlations equal to 2.82537. This is measurably different from the Tsirelson bound of the CHSH inequality. If such a reconstruction of quantum theory is experimentally confirmed, it would show that the Hilbert space formalism is but an effective description of a fundamental `linguistic' theory in the critical regime.

  20. The design and testing of a first-order logic-based stochastic modeling language.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pless, Daniel J.; Rammohan, Roshan (University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM); Chakrabarti, Chayan (University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM); Luger, George F. (University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM)

    2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We have created a logic-based, Turing-complete language for stochastic modeling. Since the inference scheme for this language is based on a variant of Pearl's loopy belief propagation algorithm, we call it Loopy Logic. Traditional Bayesian networks have limited expressive power, basically constrained to finite domains as in the propositional calculus. Our language contains variables that can capture general classes of situations, events and relationships. A first-order language is also able to reason about potentially infinite classes and situations using constructs such as hidden Markov models(HMMs). Our language uses an Expectation-Maximization (EM) type learning of parameters. This has a natural fit with the Loopy Belief Propagation used for inference since both can be viewed as iterative message passing algorithms. We present the syntax and theoretical foundations for our Loopy Logic language. We then demonstrate three examples of stochastic modeling and diagnosis that explore the representational power of the language. A mechanical fault detection example displays how Loopy Logic can model time-series processes using an HMM variant. A digital circuit example exhibits the probabilistic modeling capabilities, and finally, a parameter fitting example demonstrates the power for learning unknown stochastic values.

  1. A study of the validity of language usage as an indicator of ethnic identification

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patella, Victoria Morrow

    1971-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    answer to numerous local and long-distance pleas for, help w1th the computer analysis; Mr. Brad Lisenbe, Mr. Peter Liu, and Mr. Edward Lindstrom for the1 r programing. Janet Tedford, for typ1ng and help in so many ways and the other departmental... Each of the Poss ible Pairs of Responses to Items 29b, Language Used With Parents, and 29c, Language Used !lith Close Friends in Neighborhood Page[ 3BI Numbers of Respondents Giving Each of the Possible Pa1rs of Responses to Items 29b, Language...

  2. EXPERIMENTS ON CROSS-LANGUAGE ACOUSTIC MODELING T. Schultz and A. Waibel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schultz, Tanja

    studies we applied acoustic models from four languages to bootstrap Chinese, Croatian, and Turkish [5]. We applied monolingual systems from Chinese, Croatian, German, French, Japanese, Spanish and Turkish, as well

  3. Exploring change in preservice teachers' beliefs about English language learning and teaching

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clark-Goff, Kylah Lynn

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Increasing numbers of English language learners (ELLs) and diminishing services for those students is resulting in mainstream teachers across the United States taking on the responsibility of teaching ELLs. This demands the preparation of all...

  4. Language Attitudes and Linguistic Profiling among Micro-Enterprisers in Mexico

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brewer, Rebecca Ann

    2013-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

    This study examines the language attitudes of entrepreneurial students enrolled in the Academy for Creating Enterprise (ACE) in Mexico City toward six rural and urban varieties of Mexican Spanish to consider whether their attitudes towards...

  5. The Effects of Bilingual Education on Language, Achievement, and Self-Efficacy of Hispanic Students

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hewitt, Lisa A.

    2010-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

    Much controversy exists surrounding the education of Hispanic English Language Learners (ELLs). This large and growing group presents significant challenges to educators. Foremost among these challenges is the question of whether bilingual...

  6. Integrated Visual Arts and Language Arts: Perceptions of Students and Teachers in a Middle School Classroom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cornelius, Angela Merced

    2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

    The overarching problems to which this study responds are the inadequacies of a traditional language arts curriculum for underserved middle school students and the ways such curricula fall short in providing these students viable means to succeed...

  7. Linking Family Background and Home Language with English Reading Comprehension amog Bi/Multilinguals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yulia, Astri

    2013-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this study is to examine the links between family background and home language factors on English reading achievement among bi/multilingual students. To explore the potential predictors of English reading achievement among bi...

  8. Promoting Positive Ethnolinguistic Identity in the Heritage Language Classroom through Dialect Awareness

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gardner Flores, Helen Lisa

    2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

    This study examines Dialect Awareness as an instructional practice when used to teach Spanish Heritage Language (HL) learners at a university located on the U.S.-Mexico border. The author employs bidialectalism as a theoretical perspective...

  9. English Language Learners' Writing Behaviors During Literacy-Enriched Block Play

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Snow, Marianne

    2013-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

    While many researchers have explored the benefits of literacy-enriched play for monolingual English-speaking children, few have investigated English language learners (ELL) responses to this type of play. This thesis presents three groups of case...

  10. An Alternative Oral Proficiency and Expressive Vocabulary Assessment of Kindergarten English Language Learners

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walichowski, Miranda Fernande

    2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

    different programs (Bilingual and Structured English Immersion) on the performance of Spanish-speaking English language learners (ELLs) in grades K to 3. My first research question was to determine to what extent a curriculumbased measure could be developed...

  11. FACET AND PRISM BASED MODEL FOR PEDAGOGICAL INDEXATION OF TEXTS FOR LANGUAGE LEARNING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    (language didactics) (Antoniadis et al., 2004). The aim of Multi- apprentissages Interactifs par des/she manipulates. Indeed, they consider that to allow teachers to formu- late their problems in didactics relevant

  12. Ethnic Language and East Asian Endogamy and Exogamy in the United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jan, Jie-Sheng

    2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    logistic regression models to investigate the influence of ethnic language on the probabilities of endogamy and exogamy of East Asians in the U.S. Ethnicity, English ability, gender, age, nativity status, and college education are included. Findings...

  13. Policy, planning and perceptions in the European Union: a comparative perspective on minority language vitality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kronenthal, Melissa

    2007-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

    Over the last few decades, minority language issues have been attracting increasing attention in the media, among academics, and in the affairs of national governments and international organizations. Nowhere has this ...

  14. 24.901 Language and its Structure I: Phonology, Fall 2002

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steriade, Donca

    24.901 is designed to give you a preliminary understanding of how the sound systems of different languages are structured, how and why they may differ from each other. The course also aims to provide you with analytical ...

  15. Towards a Taxonomy of Functional Language Implementations Rmi Douence Pascal Fradet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fradet, Pascal

    an abstract machine but as a collection of transformations or compilation techniques such as CPS. The last language n consists of functional expressions which can be seen as machine code (essentially

  16. Language Attitudes and Linguistic Profiling among Micro-Enterprisers in Mexico

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brewer, Rebecca Ann

    2013-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

    This study examines the language attitudes of entrepreneurial students enrolled in the Academy for Creating Enterprise (ACE) in Mexico City toward six rural and urban varieties of Mexican Spanish to consider whether their attitudes towards...

  17. The evolution of dispersion in the sibilants of the Scandinavian languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, Paul Jonathan

    2012-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation investigates the evolution of dispersion in sound inventories by extending Boersma & Hamanns (2008) model to the sibilant inventories of some of the modern Scandinavian languages. I show that the Icelandic and central Swedish...

  18. Preservice Teachers' Observations about Theatre as a Teaching Tool for English Language Learners

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wiese, Rachel

    2014-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

    This research reveals preservice teachers observations of their own experiences and their English Language Learners (ELL) experiences while performing in a full-scale, bilingual production of Peter Pan the Musical in Italy. Though existing...

  19. Semantic spaces : behavior, language and word learning in the Human Speechome corpus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, Matthew Adam

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Human Speechome Project is an unprecedented attempt to record, analyze and understand the process of language acquisition. It is composed of over 90,000 hours of video and 150,000 hours of audio, capturing roughly 80% ...

  20. Learning and Long-Term Retention of Large-Scale Artificial Languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frank, Michael C.

    Recovering discrete words from continuous speech is one of the first challenges facing language learners. Infants and adults can make use of the statistical structure of utterances to learn the forms of words from unsegmented ...

  1. The language and culture barrier between English-speaking medical personnel and Spanish-speaking patients

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barras, Brian James

    2013-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

    The growth of the Spanish-speaking population in Texas can cause barriers between many English-speaking medical personnel and Spanish-speaking patients. This research study will determine if a language barrier, considered in the context of two...

  2. Resolution of linear entity and path geometries expressed via partially-geospatial natural language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marrero, John Javier

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    When conveying geospatial information via natural language, people typically combine implicit, commonsense knowledge with explicitly-stated information. Usually, much of this is contextual and relies on establishing locations ...

  3. An automatic child-directed speech detector for the study of child language development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vosoughi, Soroush

    In this paper, we present an automatic child-directed speech detection system to be used in the study of child language development. Child-directed speech (CDS) is speech that is directed by caregivers towards infants. It ...

  4. PERSPECTIVES AND USAGE OF TECHNOLOGY OF ARABIC LANGUAGE TEACHERS IN THE UNITED ARAB EMIRATES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ALhumaid, Khadija Farhan

    2014-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Abstract This study examined the perspectives and usage of technology by Arabic language teachers' in various schools all across The United Arab Emirates. Barriers to integrating technology were closely examined. Dimensions investigated included...

  5. Wars of position : language policy, counter-hegemonies and cultural cleavages in Italy and Norway

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Puzey, Guy Edward Michael

    2011-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis investigates the development of the present-day linguistic hegemonies within Italy and Norway as products of ongoing linguistic wars of position. Language activist movements have been key actors in these ...

  6. Investigating the vowel systems of contact languages using a population of artificial agents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dowell, Stephen

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Contact languages are often described as having very simple phonological systems, with a small itinerary of vowels. This study analyses whether a computational architecture implemented to investigate the emergence of ...

  7. Unsupervised Language Model Adaptation Based on Topic and Role Information in Multiparty Meetings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Songfang; Renals, Steve

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We continue our previous work on the modeling of topic and role information from multiparty meetings using a hierarchical Dirichlet process (HDP), in the context of language model adaptation. In this paper we focus on three problems: 1) an empirical...

  8. Influence of Situational Context on Language Production: Modelling Teachers Corrective Responses.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Porayska-Pomsta, Kaska

    Natural language is characterised by enormous linguistic variation (e.g., Fetzer (2003)). Such variation is not random, but is determined by a number of contextual factors. These factors encapsulate the socio-cultural ...

  9. The Effects of Bilingual Education on Language, Achievement, and Self-Efficacy of Hispanic Students

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hewitt, Lisa A.

    2010-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

    or English-only education is most appropriate for enhancing ELLs? language proficiency and achievement. Despite decades of controversy and research in the field of bilingual education, the debate is ongoing. Additionally, Hispanic ELLs are profoundly affected...

  10. Natural Language Generation for Nature Conservation: Automating Feedback to help Volunteers identify

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Siddharthan, Advaith

    Language Generation, Educational Application, Bumblebee Conser- vation, Citizen Science, Generating, including the use of websites and social media, to increase participation in "citizen science", which Science, University of Aberdeen, U.K. (2) Aberdeen Centre for Environmental Sustainability (ACES

  11. Efficient Lagrangian relaxation algorithms for exact inference in natural language tasks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rush, Alexander M. (Alexander Matthew)

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    For many tasks in natural language processing, finding the best solution requires a search over a large set of possible structures. Solving these combinatorial search problems exactly can be inefficient, and so researchers ...

  12. Domain-Specific Languages For Developing and Deploying Signature Discovery Workflows

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jacob, Ferosh; Wynne, Adam S.; Liu, Yan; Gray, Jeff

    2013-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

    Domain-agnostic Signature Discovery entails scientific investigation across multiple domains through the re-use of existing algorithms into workflows. The existing algorithms may be written in any programming language for various hardware architectures (e.g., desktops, commodity clusters, and specialized parallel hardware platforms). This raises an engineering issue in generating Web services for heterogeneous algorithms so that they can be composed into a scientific workflow environment (e.g., Taverna). In this paper, we present our software tool that defines two simple Domain-Specific Languages (DSLs) to automate these processes: SDL and WDL. Our Service Description Language (SDL) describes key elements of a signature discovery algorithm and generates the service code. The Workflow Description Language (WDL) describes the pipeline of services and generates deployable artifacts for the Taverna workflow management system. We demonstrate our tool with a landscape classification example that is represented by BLAST workflows composed of services that wrap original scripts.

  13. A language measure for performance evaluation of discrete-event supervisory control systems q

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ray, Asok

    on permissiveness as the (qualitative) performance index. Construction of the proposed language measure follows similar to the conditional probability, each event is assigned a cost based on the state at which

  14. GlobalMind : bridging the gap between different cultures and languages with common-sense computing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chung, Hyemin

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The need for more effective communication across different countries has increased as the interactions between them have been growing. Communication is often difficult because of both language differences and cultural ...

  15. WaveScript: A Case-Study in Applying a Distributed Stream-Processing Language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Newton, Ryan

    2008-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Applications that combine live data streams with embedded, parallel,and distributed processing are becoming more commonplace. WaveScriptis a domain-specific language that brings high-level, type-safe,garbage-collected ...

  16. New levels of language processing complexity and organization revealed by Granger causation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gow, David W.

    Granger causation analysis of high spatiotemporal resolution reconstructions of brain activation offers a new window on the dynamic interactions between brain areas that support language processing. Premised on the observation ...

  17. Grid Service Orchestration Using the Business Process Execution Language (BPEL)j

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Emmerich, Wolfgang

    Grid Service Orchestration Using the Business Process Execution Language (BPEL)j Wolfgang Emmerich1, Department of Computer Science, UCL, London, WC1E 6BT, UK E-mail: w.emmerich@cs.ucl.ac.uk 2 Department

  18. QL/G A Query Language for Geometric Data Edward P.F. Chan & Rupert Zhu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chan, Edward P.F.

    be expressed with the language. To facilitate the evolution of applications and to tailor to individual need A geometric database management system (DBMS) is a data base system with capabilities for the representation

  19. An Investigation of the Demands on Oral Language Skills of Learning Disabled Students in Secondary Classrooms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moran, Mary Ross

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The demands placed upon students in mainstream secondary classrooms by the oral language behaviors of teachers were investigated by applying 12 categories of utterance types to audiotape-recorded class sessions. Data were ...

  20. Estimation of English and non-English Language Use on the WWW

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gregory Grefenstette; Julien Nioche

    2000-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

    The World Wide Web has grown so big, in such an anarchic fashion, that it is difficult to describe. One of the evident intrinsic characteristics of the World Wide Web is its multilinguality. Here, we present a technique for estimating the size of a language-specific corpus given the frequency of commonly occurring words in the corpus. We apply this technique to estimating the number of words available through Web browsers for given languages. Comparing data from 1996 to data from 1999 and 2000, we calculate the growth of a number of European languages on the Web. As expected, non-English languages are growing at a faster pace than English, though the position of English is still dominant.

  1. Towards Semantic Robot Description Languages Lars Kunze, Tobias Roehm, and Michael Beetz

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cremers, Daniel

    Towards Semantic Robot Description Languages Lars Kunze, Tobias Roehm, and Michael Beetz Intelligent Autonomous Systems, Technische Universitat Munchen {kunzel, roehm, beetz}@cs.tum.edu Abstract

  2. The Effects of Varying Task Priorities on Language Production by Young and Older Adults

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kemper, Susan; Schmalzried, RaLynn Cheri; Herman, Ruth; Mohankumar, Deepthi

    2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The present study compared how varying task priorities affected young and older adults' language production. Both young and older adults responded to monetary incentives to vary their performance when simultaneously talking ...

  3. The effects of aging and dual task performance on language production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kemper, Susan; Schmalzried, RaLynn Cheri; Herman, Ruth; Leedahl, Skye N.; Mohankumar, Deepthi

    2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A digital pursuit rotor task was used to measure dual task costs of language production by young and older adults. After training on the pursuit rotor, participants were asked to track the moving target while providing a ...

  4. Natural Language Processing (NLP) tools for the analysis of incident and accident reports

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    Natural Language Processing (NLP) tools for the analysis of incident and accident reports, Analysis of accidents/incidents, Categorization, Textual similarity INTRODUCTION Learning valuable lessons, (ii) the analysis of reports regardless of the categorization in order to expand the analysis

  5. Workshop on programming languages for high performance computing (HPCWPL): final report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Murphy, Richard C.

    2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report summarizes the deliberations and conclusions of the Workshop on Programming Languages for High Performance Computing (HPCWPL) held at the Sandia CSRI facility in Albuquerque, NM on December 12-13, 2006.

  6. Past tense and past participle verb use in young children with and without Specific Language Impairment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Echelbarger, Margaret

    2013-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Finiteness marking is an area of weakness in specific language impairment (SLI) and two hypotheses attempt to account for this difficulty. The Extended Optional Infinitive (EOI) account proposes that SLI children have ...

  7. The Interface between the Lexicon and Finiteness Marking in Specific Language Impairment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hoover, Jill

    2009-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

    Inconsistent omission of finiteness markers is a clinical marker for Specific Language Impairment (SLI). A similar pattern of omission is observed during normal development. Potential limiting factors during this stage of ...

  8. Communicative 2.0 : video games and digital culture in the foreign language classroom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Purushotma, Ravi

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    I explore two core concepts in today's youth entertainment culture that will increasingly become central in future attempts to design affordable foreign language learning materials that hope to bridge the chasm between ...

  9. A Backtracking LR Algorithm for Parsing Ambiguous Context-Dependent Languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cordy, James R.

    one of these properties. They require that our facilities for considering alternatives accommodate our be abandoned. Since the nature of these manipulations are de- termined by the semantics of the language

  10. Example-Based Machine Translation of the Basque Language Nicolas Stroppa, Declan Groves, Andy Way

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Way, Andy

    ,dgroves,away}@computing.dcu.ie Kepa Sarasola Informatika Fakultatea University of the Basque Country Donostia, Basque Country, Spain kepa.sarasola@ehu.es Abstract Basque is both a minority and a highly in- flected language with free

  11. Possible heritage language loss in Hispanic students enrolled in English as a second language programs or in transitional bilingual education programs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheffield, Mariagrazia Marzono

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    weakening of an individual?s first language because of a concentrated focus on the development of L2 (English)? (Schiff-Myers, 1992, p.28). The loss can manifest itself in diminished oral language proficiency and/or in diminished literacy skills (i... intergenerational bridge between monolingualisms? (Pease-Alvarez, 2002, p.115). This phenomenon is common even in well-established ethnic groups (i.e. Hispanics and Asians) (Smith, 2001; Tse, 2001). Although the Hispanic populace is currently the 3 largest...

  12. ParaSAL, implicit use of multiple processors in a functional language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hartness, Ken Terry

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    PARASAL IMPLICIT USE OF MULTIPLE PROCESSORS IN A FUNCTIONAL LANGUAGE A Thesis bv KEN TERR t HARTXESS Submitted to the Graduate College n{' Texas AA-'tl I mrersiD in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of XIASTER OF SCIENCE.... Initial Considerations No modifications are made to the compiler. much less the language itself. al- though data collected to date indicates that at least some minimal preevaluation analysis should be applied to increase the intelligence...

  13. Promoting Positive Ethnolinguistic Identity in the Heritage Language Classroom through Dialect Awareness

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gardner Flores, Helen Lisa

    2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

    clear commitment to HL instruction through the Resolution on the Application of Dialect Knowledge (1997). It states, all students and teachers should learn scientifically-based information about linguistic diversity and examine the social, political... goes on to say, respondents believe that language is a major factor shaping their ethnic identities (p. 72). Thus, speaking two languages can help to clarify the ambiguity of living in two different cultural worlds as it directly impacts...

  14. Statistical language analysis for automatic exfiltration event detection.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Robinson, David Gerald

    2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper discusses the recent development a statistical approach for the automatic identification of anomalous network activity that is characteristic of exfiltration events. This approach is based on the language processing method eferred to as latent dirichlet allocation (LDA). Cyber security experts currently depend heavily on a rule-based framework for initial detection of suspect network events. The application of the rule set typically results in an extensive list of uspect network events that are then further explored manually for suspicious activity. The ability to identify anomalous network events is heavily dependent on the experience of the security personnel wading through the network log. Limitations f this approach are clear: rule-based systems only apply to exfiltration behavior that has previously been observed, and experienced cyber security personnel are rare commodities. Since the new methodology is not a discrete rule-based pproach, it is more difficult for an insider to disguise the exfiltration events. A further benefit is that the methodology provides a risk-based approach that can be implemented in a continuous, dynamic or evolutionary fashion. This permits uspect network activity to be identified early with a quantifiable risk associated with decision making when responding to suspicious activity.

  15. Possible heritage language loss in Hispanic students enrolled in English as a second language programs or in transitional bilingual education programs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheffield, Mariagrazia Marzono

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    enrolled in Transitional Bilingual Education (TBE) classes and ten students were enrolled in English as a Second Language (ESL) classes, during the academic year 2004-2005. Oral Reading Fluency (ORF) in English and Spanish were measured over a short-term...

  16. A Study Addressing Three Components of the National Bilingual Research Agenda for English Language Learners on High Stakes Assessment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rodriguez, Linda; Lara-Alecio, Rafael; Galloway, Martha M.; Irby, Beverly J.

    2010-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

    certified bilingual teachers; 38% were in the process of acquiring bilingual certification; 3% were native Spanish speakers who had alternative bilingual certification, and 1% were long-term substitutes. If a Home Language Survey completed by a student?s...). With the ultimate goal of producing students who are bilingual and biliterate, educators continually seek to better understand the interaction between the student?s home language and second language, English (DeLucca, 1998). Due to the limitations of existing...

  17. A Study Addressing Three Components of the National Bilingual Research Agenda for English Language Learners on High Stakes Assessment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kujawa, Nadine; Cavazos, Gloria; Meyer, Doris; Rodriguez, Linda; Lara-Alecio, Rafael; Galloway, Martha; Irby, Beverly J.

    2010-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

    certification, and 1% were long-term substitutes. If a Home Language Survey completed by a student?s parents indicated that the language spoken in the home was Spanish, the student was administered the Woodcock- Mu?oz test or the IDEA test. Test results were... the student?s home language and second language, English (DeLucca, 1998). Due to the limitations of existing studies of effective bilingual education and the complexity of the phenomenon being studied, the researchers recognized a need for further research...

  18. Review guidelines for software languages for use in nuclear power plant safety systems: Final report. Revision 1

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hecht, M.; Decker, D.; Graff, S.; Green, W.; Lin, D.; Dinsmore, G.; Koch, S. [SoHaR, Inc., Beverly Hills, CA (United States)

    1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Guidelines for the programming and auditing of software written in high level languages for safety systems are presented. The guidelines are derived from a framework of issues significant to software safety which was gathered from relevant standards and research literature. Language-specific adaptations of these guidelines are provided for the following high level languages: Ada83 and Ada95; C and C++; International Electrochemical Commission (IEC) Standard 1131-3 Ladder Logic, Sequential Function Charts, Structured Text, and Function Block Diagrams; Pascal; and PL/M. Appendices to the report include a tabular summary of the guidelines and additional information on selected languages.

  19. Proceedings of the workshop on Compilation of (Symbolic) Languages for Parallel Computers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Foster, I.; Tick, E. (comp.)

    1991-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report comprises the abstracts and papers for the talks presented at the Workshop on Compilation of (Symbolic) Languages for Parallel Computers, held October 31--November 1, 1991, in San Diego. These unreferred contributions were provided by the participants for the purpose of this workshop; many of them will be published elsewhere in peer-reviewed conferences and publications. Our goal is planning this workshop was to bring together researchers from different disciplines with common problems in compilation. In particular, we wished to encourage interaction between researchers working in compilation of symbolic languages and those working on compilation of conventional, imperative languages. The fundamental problems facing researchers interested in compilation of logic, functional, and procedural programming languages for parallel computers are essentially the same. However, differences in the basic programming paradigms have led to different communities emphasizing different species of the parallel compilation problem. For example, parallel logic and functional languages provide dataflow-like formalisms in which control dependencies are unimportant. Hence, a major focus of research in compilation has been on techniques that try to infer when sequential control flow can safely be imposed. Granularity analysis for scheduling is a related problem. The single- assignment property leads to a need for analysis of memory use in order to detect opportunities for reuse. Much of the work in each of these areas relies on the use of abstract interpretation techniques.

  20. Revising the worksheet with L3: a language and environment foruser-script interaction

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hohn, Michael H.

    2008-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper describes a novel approach to the parameter anddata handling issues commonly found in experimental scientific computingand scripting in general. The approach is based on the familiarcombination of scripting language and user interface, but using alanguage expressly designed for user interaction and convenience. The L3language combines programming facilities of procedural and functionallanguages with the persistence and need-based evaluation of data flowlanguages. It is implemented in Python, has access to all Pythonlibraries, and retains almost complete source code compatibility to allowsimple movement of code between the languages. The worksheet interfaceuses metadata produced by L3 to provide selection of values through thescriptit self and allow users to dynamically evolve scripts withoutre-running the prior versions. Scripts can be edited via text editors ormanipulated as structures on a drawing canvas. Computed values are validscripts and can be used further in other scripts via simplecopy-and-paste operations. The implementation is freely available underan open-source license.

  1. Language Classification using N-grams Accelerated by FPGA-based Bloom Filters

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jacob, A; Gokhale, M

    2007-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

    N-Gram (n-character sequences in text documents) counting is a well-established technique used in classifying the language of text in a document. In this paper, n-gram processing is accelerated through the use of reconfigurable hardware on the XtremeData XD1000 system. Our design employs parallelism at multiple levels, with parallel Bloom Filters accessing on-chip RAM, parallel language classifiers, and parallel document processing. In contrast to another hardware implementation (HAIL algorithm) that uses off-chip SRAM for lookup, our highly scalable implementation uses only on-chip memory blocks. Our implementation of end-to-end language classification runs at 85x comparable software and 1.45x the competing hardware design.

  2. A study of the validity of language usage as an indicator of ethnic identification

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patella, Victoria Morrow

    1971-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    for Index by Sex Analysis of Variance With Respect to Index of Language Usage Mean Index by Sex, Place of Residence, and Border/Non-Border Residence Results of Anova and Mean Index of Language Usage of Mexican American Males and Females With Respect... by Sex: Total Column Indicates What Percent of all R's had Each Index, and Sex Columns Indicate for Each Index, What the Sex Ratio was 7J 1 1 li 21 L Frequency Distribution for Index by Border/ Non-Border Residence Table Page( 22 Percentage...

  3. Tradeoffs in the design of a system for high level language interpretation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Osorio, F.C.C.; Patt, Y.N.

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The problem of designing a system for high-level language interpretation (HLLI) is considered. First, a model of the design process is presented where several styles of design, e.g. turing machine interpretation, CISC architecture interpretation and RISC architecture interpretation are treated uniformly. Second, the most significant characteristics of HLLI are analysed in the context of different design styles, and some guidelines are presented on how to identify the most suitable design style for a given high-level language problem. 12 references.

  4. Germany lies in the heart of Europe where more people speak German as their native language than any other

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saldin, Dilano

    Germany lies in the heart of Europe where more people speak German as their native language than any other language in Europe. Germany has a population of about 83 million and is the most populous- wide? As a nation, Germany has one of the top ten econo- mies in the world. It is the home

  5. DMQL: A Data Mining Query Language for Relational Databases \\Lambda Jiawei Han Yongjian Fu Wei Wang Krzysztof Koperski Osmar Zaiane

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fu, Yongjian

    DMQL: A Data Mining Query Language for Relational Databases \\Lambda Jiawei Han Yongjian Fu Wei Wang@cs.sfu.ca Abstract The emerging data mining tools and systems lead naturally to the demand of a powerful data mining. This motivates us to design a data mining query language, DMQL, for mining different kinds of knowledge

  6. Toward epigenetic and gene regulation models of specific language impairment: looking for links among growth, genes, and impairments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rice, Mabel L.

    2012-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

    for candidate genes. Regulatory regions of the genes may be involved. Behavioral growth models of language development of children with SLI reveal that the onset of language is delayed, and the growth trajectories of children with SLI parallel those of younger...

  7. Synthesis of Petri Nets from Infinite Partial Languages Robin Bergenthum, Jorg Desel, Robert Lorenz and Sebastian Mauser

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Desel, Jörg

    Synthesis of Petri Nets from Infinite Partial Languages Robin Bergenthum, J¨org Desel, Robert an algorithm to synthesize a finite unlabeled place/transition Petri net (p/t-net) from a possibly infinite on the theory of regions for partial languages presented in [18] and pro- duces a p/t-net having minimal net

  8. The Petri Net Markup Language and ISO/IEC 15909-2: Concepts, Status, and Future Directions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kindler, Ekkart

    The Petri Net Markup Language and ISO/IEC 15909-2: Concepts, Status, and Future Directions Ekkart Germany E-Mail: kindler@upb.de Abstract: The Petri Net Markup Language (PNML) is an XML-based interchange format for Petri nets. In order to support different versions of Petri nets, its focus is on universality

  9. COMMUNICATING SEQUENTIAL PROCESSES C.A.R. Hoare's Communicating Sequential Processes CSP is a model-language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Filman, Robert E.

    CSP is a model-language hybrid for describing concurrent and distributed computation. A CSP program the corresponding primitive. Guarded commands are used to introduce indeterminacy. CSP is a language fragment of CSP have been with issues of program correctness and operating systems description. CSP shows its

  10. Incidental Noticing and EFL Students Subsequent Second Language Learning in Synchronous Text-based Discussion: An Investigation of Both NES-NNES and NNES-NNES Dyads

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kung, Wan-Tsai

    2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation investigated Taiwanese English as Foreign Language (EFL) learners' incidental noticing and their subsequent language learning in relation to learner proficiency level and dyadic type in a text-based computer-mediated communication...

  11. A comparative analysis of pupil attitudes toward selected oral language activities used with fifth graders in the public schools of Brazos County, Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brusse, Frances Williams

    1967-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    : Independent variables Hypotheses Importance of the Study Limitations of the Study Definition of Terms Used Attitudes toward oral language activities Selected oral language activities Oral language activity attitude scale White, Negro, and Latin... in school subjects, to be determined by school records of grades and of scores on standardized achievement tests. Definition of Terms Used Attitudes toward oral lan ua e activities. The individual's tendency to evaluate in a certain way the oral language...

  12. The ASF+SDF Meta-Environment: a Component-Based Language Development Environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Klint, Paul

    The ASF+SDF Meta-Environment: a Component-Based Language Development Environment M.G.J. van den and Computer Science, Utrecht University, Padualaan 14, 2584 CH Utrecht, The Netherlands Abstract. The ASF+SDF The ASF+SDF Meta-Environment [12] is an interactive development environment for the automatic gen- eration

  13. The ASF+SDF MetaEnvironment: a ComponentBased Language Development Environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Klint, Paul

    The ASF+SDF Meta­Environment: a Component­Based Language Development Environment M.G.J. van den and Computer Science, Utrecht University, Padualaan 14, 2584 CH Utrecht, The Netherlands Abstract. The ASF+SDF The ASF+SDF Meta­Environment [12] is an interactive development environment for the automatic gen­ eration

  14. Compiling Language Definitions: The ASF+SDF M. G. J. VAN DEN BRAND

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Klint, Paul

    Compiling Language Definitions: The ASF+SDF Compiler M. G. J. VAN DEN BRAND CWI and Vrije Universiteit J. HEERING CWI P. KLINT CWI and University of Amsterdam and P. A. OLIVIER CWI The ASF+SDF Meta of the rewrite rule implementation. The ASF+SDF rewrite rule compiler generates C code, thus taking advantage

  15. Using Narrative Function to Extract Qualitative Information from Natural Language Texts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Forbus, Kenneth D.

    language semantics. Kuehne (2004) showed that the constructs of qualitative process (QP) theory (Forbus.aaai.org). All rights reserved. constrained (the consequent quantity), and sign (the direction of change). Kuehne, influences, and processes), Kuehne identified a set of syntactic patterns that could be used to extract them

  16. Common Core State English Language Arts Standards Lesson 1: What I Know About the Aurora

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mojzsis, Stephen J.

    Common Core State English Language Arts Standards 2012-2013 Lesson 1: What I Know About the Aurora, speaking clearly at an understandable pace. Lesson 3: Aurora Comparisons Reading: Information Text RI.3 clearly. Lesson 4: Come See an Aurora Writing W.3.2, W.4.2, W.5.2. Write informative/explanatory texts

  17. Experiments in Sentence Language Identification with Groups of Similar Department of EECS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Radev, Dragomir R.

    Languages shared task, which is broken into six subtasks, (A) Bosnian, Croatian, and Serbian, (B) Indonesian. Croatian vs. Serbian Task B: Indonesian vs. Malay Task C: Czech vs. Slovak Task D: Brazilian vs before the DSL shared task. The problem of distinguish- ing Croatian from Serbian and Slovenian

  18. POLYPHONE DECISION TREE SPECIALIZATION FOR LANGUAGE ADAPTATION T. Schultz and A. Waibel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schultz, Tanja

    , Mandarin and Shanghai Chinese, Croatian, English, French, German, Japanese, Korean, Portuguese, Russian Language ER 1 Vocab PP ER Vocab PP ChMandarin 14.5 45K 207 45.2 141 12.5 Croatian 20.0 15K 280 36.7 32 9

  19. POLYPHONE DECISION TREE SPECIALIZATION FOR LANGUAGE ADAPTATION T. Schultz and A. Waibel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schultz, Tanja

    , Mandarin and Shanghai Chinese, Croatian, English, French, German, Japanese, Korean, Portuguese, RussianLanguage ER Vocab PP ER Vocab PP Ch-Mandarin 14.5 45K 207 45.2 141 12.5 Croatian 20.0 15K 280 36.7 32 9

  20. 14 May 1985 at 13:06 PPP machine support for language extensions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    North Carolina at Chapel Hill, University of

    14 May 1985 at 13:06 PPP machine support for language extensions David Middleton Bruee T. Smith ... t1 86-012 1 #12;PPP machine 111pport for laDguage extenalona David Middleton Bruee Smith Unlvenlty to the hardware design. 1. Partitioning the PPP machine The FFP machine consists of a linear array of processors

  1. The Emerald Programming Language1 Norman C. Hutchinson, Rajendra K. Raj,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Black, Andrew P.

    The Emerald Programming Language1 REPORT Norman C. Hutchinson, Rajendra K. Raj, Andrew P. Black addresses: Norman Hutchinson, Department of Computer Science, University of Ari- zona, Tucson, AZ 85721. Andrew Black, Digital Equipment Corporation, 550 King Street, Littleton, MA 01460. Eric Jul, DIKU

  2. COMPUTER & INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY L/R 590. Programming Languages and Techniques. (C)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fang-Yen, Christopher

    COMPUTER & INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY (EG) {CIT} L/R 590. Programming Languages and Techniques. (C) Introduction to fundamental concepts of programming and computer science for students who have little not have an academic background in computer science and who are not pursuing the Master's in Computer

  3. Applying Model Transformation By-Example on Business Process Modeling Languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    By Example (MTBE) approaches have been proposed as user-friendly alternative that simplifies the definition of model transformations. Up to now, MTBE ap- proaches have been applied to structural models, only. In this work we apply MTBE to the domain of business process modeling languages, i.e., Event-driven Process

  4. Optimal control of robot behaviour using language Xi Wang, Asok Ray*, Peter Lee and Jinbo Fu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ray, Asok

    Assistant in the Networked Robotics Laboratory of the Mechanical Engineering Department at Penn State. MrOptimal control of robot behaviour using language measure1 Xi Wang, Asok Ray*, Peter Lee and Jinbo presents optimal control of robot behaviour in the discrete event setting. Real signed measure

  5. MQuery: A Visual Query Language for Multimedia, Timeline, and Simulation Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Los Angeles, University of

    MQuery: A Visual Query Language for Multimedia, Timeline, and Simulation Data John David N. Dionisio Alfonso F. C'ardenas Computer Science Department University of California, Los Angeles July 25 of California, Los Angeles Los Angeles, CA 90024 U.S.A. Phone: (310) 8257550 Fax: (310) 8252273 e

  6. MQuery: A Visual Query Language for Multimedia, Timeline, and Simulation Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Los Angeles, University of

    MQuery: A Visual Query Language for Multimedia, Timeline, and Simulation Data John David N. Dionisio Alfonso F. Cardenas Computer Science Department University of California, Los Angeles July 25 of California, Los Angeles Los Angeles, CA 90024 U.S.A. Phone: (310) 825-7550 Fax: (310) 825-2273 e

  7. Brain and Language 96 (2006) 90105 www.elsevier.com/locate/b&l

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coulson, Seana

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Brain and Language 96 (2006) 90105 www.elsevier.com/locate/b&l 0093-934X/$ - see front matterVect was absent following semantic violations. These results provide a characterization of the oscillatory brain be observed in the electro- physiological activity of the brain. Unlike Event-Related brain Potentials

  8. Simulating an ObjectOriented Financial System in a Functional Language *

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clack, Christopher D.

    for an international investment bank and provides a pragmatic case study. 1 Introduction Functional languages by Accenture's Financial Services Solution Centre in London in partnership with an international investment of Miranda to simulate oil reservoirs; [GSW93] presents a functional programming solution to a fluid

  9. Selected translated abstracts of Russian-language climate-change publications, III aerosols: Issue 164

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Razuvaev, V.N.; Ssivachok, S.G. [All-Russian Research Inst. of Hydrometeorological Information-World Data Center, Obninsk (Russian Federation)

    1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report presents abstracts in Russian and translated into English of important Russian-language literature concerning aerosols as they relate to climate change. In addition to the bibliographic citations and abstracts translated into English, this report presents the original citations and abstracts in Russian. Author and title indexes are included to assist the reader in locating abstracts of particular interest.

  10. Bibliography Abbasi, Ahmed, Hsinchun Chen, and Arab Salem. Sentiment analysis in multiple languages: Fea-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Illinois at Chicago, University of

    WordNet glosses. In Proceedings of Conference of the European Chapter of the Association sense disambiguation. In Proceed- ings of the 2009 Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language. In Proceedings of the ACM SIGKDD Conference on Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining (KDD-2007). 2007. Asher

  11. Reviewing the Design of DAML+OIL: An Ontology Language for the Semantic Web

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Harmelen, Frank

    -typed) relationships e.g., an author that is either a person or a string (the name of the author). DAML+OIL has twoBell Labs Reviewing the Design of DAML+OIL: An Ontology Language for the Semantic Web Ian Horrocks Definitions of terms, e.g., Student Description Logics (DLs) Formal semantics Practical inference OIL

  12. Ulm University admissions statutes for the English language Master Programme "Energy Science and Technology"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pfeifer, Holger

    programme "Energy Science and Technology" or any other study course with essentially the same content1-average examination results in the study course "Energy Science and Technology" or any other study courseUlm University admissions statutes for the English language Master Programme "Energy Science

  13. Pantaxou: a Domain-Specific Language for Developing Safe Coordination Services

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    an ever larger range of technologies (networking, multimedia, sensors, etc.). To address this challenge to energy consumption, and healthcare where a variety of devices monitor and assist subjects ranging from [20, 25]. Existing interface definition languages, however, natively support only commands, via RPC

  14. Mind & Language, Vol. 23 No. 3 June 2008, pp. 263272. 2008 The Author

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Machery, Edouard

    Mind & Language, Vol. 23 No. 3 June 2008, pp. 263­272. © 2008 The Author Journal compilation © 2008: In The Architecture of the Mind, Carruthers proposes a new and detailed explanation for how human cognition could of this proposal, I argue that Carruthers has failed to explain how a massively modular mind could display

  15. Mind & Language, Vol. 23 No. 1 February 2008, pp. 123143. 2008 The Authors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Indiana University

    Mind & Language, Vol. 23 No. 1 February 2008, pp. 123­143. © 2008 The Authors Journal compilation © 2008 Blackwell Publishing Ltd Fodor's Challenge to the Classical Computational Theory of Mind KIRK LUDWIG AND SUSAN SCHNEIDER Abstract: In The Mind Doesn't Work That Way, Jerry Fodor argues that mental

  16. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON AUDIO, SPEECH AND LANGUAGE PROCESSING 1 Model-Based Speech Enhancement with Improved

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    So, Hing-Cheung

    IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON AUDIO, SPEECH AND LANGUAGE PROCESSING 1 Model-Based Speech Enhancement-based approach to enhance noisy speech using an analysis-synthesis framework. Target speech is reconstructed. Ini- tially, we propose an analysis-synthesis framework for speech enhancement based on harmonic noise

  17. Available online at www.sciencedirect.com Computer Speech and Language 28 (2014) 665686

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edinburgh, University of

    ­686 Intelligibility enhancement of HMM-generated speech in additive noise by modifying Mel cepstral coefficients intelligibility enhancement for Hidden Markov Model (HMM) generated synthetic speech in noise. We present a methodAvailable online at www.sciencedirect.com Computer Speech and Language 28 (2014) 665

  18. Technology, Language, and Public Decisions: Finding Common Ground for Experts and Citizens

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jensen, David

    Technology, Language, and Public Decisions: Finding Common Ground for Experts and Citizens David D@cs.umass.edu Todd M. La Porte School of Systems Engineering & Policy Analysis Delft University of Technology Delft, The Netherlands tlaporte@tmn.com Abstract---Many conflicts over specific technologies could be alleviated

  19. Top-N Query: Query Language, Distance Function and Processing Strategies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meng, Weiyi

    Top-N Query: Query Language, Distance Function and Processing Strategies Yuxi Chen, Weiyi Meng@cs.binghamton.edu Abstract. The top-N query problem is to find the N results that satisfy the query condition the best and products are sold on the Internet. This paper addresses three important issues related to the top-N query

  20. The structure of reflexive regular splicing languages via Schutzenberger constants \\Lambda

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bonizzoni, Paola

    by Paun and Pixton respectively [16, 20]. The computational power of splicing systems has been thoroughlyThe structure of reflexive regular splicing languages via Schutzenberger constants \\Lambda Paola generating) device, called a splicing system. Other variants of this original definition were also proposed

  1. Policies, Models, and Languages for Access Sabrina De Capitani di Vimercati1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Samarati, Pierangela

    must be regulated. An access control model provides a formal representation of the access controlPolicies, Models, and Languages for Access Control Sabrina De Capitani di Vimercati1 , Pierangela model, and security mechanism. A policy defines the (high-level) rules according to which access control

  2. E. F. Redish 1 DTS Proposal Learning the Language of Science: Advanced Math for Concrete Thinkers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maryland at College Park, University of

    E. F. Redish 1 DTS Proposal Learning the Language of Science: Advanced Math for Concrete Thinkers, differential equations, and Fourier transforms, many concrete thinkers find these topics to be insurmount- able to teach abstract math to concrete thinkers could have a broad impact beyond physics. Many fields

  3. Detecting Indirect Forms of Offensive Language using Commonsense Reasoning and Conceptual Modeling of Social Stereotypes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shapira, Rei

    , Yammer) as viable everyday business tools now allows employees to engage with customers in new and much more visible ways. In these types of environments, offensive language and slander are not just a matter of personal offense, but rather are a source...

  4. Architecture and Applications of Language-Centered Intelligence for Unmanned Underwater Vehicles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Idaho, University of

    Architecture and Applications of Language-Centered Intelligence for Unmanned Underwater Vehicles and hypothetical reasoning, and expand the behavioral repertoire of unmanned underwater vehicles (UUVs). We begin and tested for teams of unmanned underwater vehicles capable of performing different cooperative missions

  5. E-Mentor General or Subject Specific (Health and Social Care, Languages) Job description

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anderson, Jim

    E-Mentor General or Subject Specific (Health and Social Care, Languages) Job description: E-Mentor Responsible to: UK Student Recruitment and Outreach Team Duration: October 2009 July 2010 Payment and benefits: 100 overall for e-mentoring up to 4 mentees (based on a rate of 6.42 per hour

  6. D: A Language Framework for Distributed Programming Cristina Videira Lopes, Gregor Kiczales

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the aspect oriented programming approach to allow the code for the basic functionality of a distributed code deals with those issues. The D language framework consists of: (i) Jcore, an object guidelines to bridge the gap between design specifications and the actual code that they must write

  7. A Hybrid Approach for Transliterated Word-Level Language Identification: CRF with Post Processing Heuristics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosso, Paolo

    _cse@yahoo.com Paolo Rosso NLE Lab,UPV,Spain prosso@dsic.upv.es ABSTRACT In this paper, we describe a hybrid approach words as part of our participation in the shared task on transliterated search at Forum for Information in translitera- tion for those languages presents serious challenges to un- derstanding, search and (backward

  8. Test of English as a Foreign LanguageTM Leading. www.ets.org/toefl

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Test of English as a Foreign LanguageTM Listening. Learning. Leading. www.ets.org/toefl Information Internet-based testing ONLY. Information about TOEFL computer-based testing,TOEFL paper-based testing, and the Test of Spoken English is in a separate Bulletin. Read all of the information in this Bulletin

  9. ?Muestreme el dinero!: assessing the linkage between Latino school superintendents and English language learner program resources

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Theobald, Nick Andrew

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    ?MU?STREME EL DINERO!: ASESING THE LINKAGE BETWEN LATINO SCHOL SUPERINTENDENTS AND ENGLISH LANGUAGE LEARNER PROGRAM RESOURCES A Disertation by NICK ANDREW THEOBALD Submited to the Ofice of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University... in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degre of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY May 2007 Major Subject: Political Science ? 2007 NICK ANDREW...

  10. HINDI LANGUAGE KEYBOARD WITH VOICE SYNTHESIS FOR IPHONE (FACEBOOK AND TWITTER INTEGRATION)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kassegne, Samuel Kinde

    issues such as Unicode compatible standards & voice filtration. It also includes the integration of Facebook and Twitter API with Hindi Language keyboard. #12;v This thesis, therefore, is an original, Facebook and Twitter API. #12;vi TABLE OF CONTENTS PAGE ABSTRACT

  11. The Prose Storyboard Language A Tool for Annotating and Directing Movies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    , Timed Petri Net Keywords Virtual Cinematography 1. INTRODUCTION In movie production, directors often use in produced movies to their readers. In order to build intelligent and expressive virtual cinematography this language is to build software cinematography agents that can take such formal descrip- tions as input

  12. Towards an Integrative Approach to Cross-Language Information Access for Digital Libraries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ruiz, Miguel E.

    Towards an Integrative Approach to Cross-Language Information Access for Digital Libraries Circle 311068, Denton, Texas 76203-1068, USA Miguel.Ruiz@unt.edu ABSTRACT Digital libraries are becoming but also to individuals and organizations around the world. The content of most digital libraries

  13. Selected translated abstracts of Russian-language climate-change publications. 4: General circulation models

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Burtis, M.D. [comp.] [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States). Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center; Razuvaev, V.N.; Sivachok, S.G. [All-Russian Research Inst. of Hydrometeorological Information--World Data Center, Obninsk (Russian Federation)

    1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report presents English-translated abstracts of important Russian-language literature concerning general circulation models as they relate to climate change. Into addition to the bibliographic citations and abstracts translated into English, this report presents the original citations and abstracts in Russian. Author and title indexes are included to assist the reader in locating abstracts of particular interest.

  14. TBBL: A Tree-Based Bidding Language for Iterative Combinatorial Exchanges Ruggiero Cavallo

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Yiling

    also explicitly represent partial information about valuations. The language is de- signed of these tasks are rela- tively simple and many solution methods exist, but the prob- lem becomes significantly- sider groups of items substitutes or complements, leading to sub-additive or super-additive valuation

  15. Back-Off Language Model Compression Boulos Harb, Ciprian Chelba, Jeffrey Dean, Sanjay Ghemawat

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tomkins, Andrew

    , after text normalization for ASR Order # n-grams pruning PPL n-gram hit-ratios 3 15M entropy 190 47. bytes/n-gram speed (relative to uncompressed): computed PPL on unseen test data Back-Off Language Model

  16. Use of Language in the Construction of Opionions on Immigration: The Presence of a Generation Gap?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Byrne, Agnes

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis aimed to observe peoples use of language when constructing views on immigrants. This was done by collecting peoples opinions on immigration using a one-to-one semi-structured interview technique. This study used discourse analysis...

  17. Learnability and the Statistical Structure of Language: Poverty of Stimulus Arguments Revisited

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elman, Jeff

    Learnability and the Statistical Structure of Language: Poverty of Stimulus Arguments Revisited poverty of stimulus arguments under those theoretical assumptions. This paper illustrates this by showing that the "parade case of an innate con- straint" (Crain, 1991) i.e., Chomsky's (1975) poverty of stimulus argument

  18. Language in the Aging Brain: the Network Dynamics of cognitive Decline and Preservation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shafto, Meredith A.; Tyler, Lorraine K.

    2014-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

    . D. Federmeier, C. Van Petten, T. J. Schwartz, M. Kutas, Psychol. Aging 18, 858 (2003). 25. D. Foygel, G. S. Dell, Journal of Memory and Language 43, 182 (2000). 26. P. Indefrey, W. J. M. Levelt, Cognition 92, 101 (May-Jun, 2004). 27. W. J. M...

  19. A synchronous model of the PLC programming language ST Fernando Jimenez-Fraustro

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    A synchronous model of the PLC programming language ST Fernando Jimenez-Fraustro IRISA / INRIA F of a synchronous model of the PLC programming lan- guage ST. This work is part of the integration of the IEC 1131 Logic Controllers (PLC) architec- tures. Their design relies on standards like the IEC 1131 norm

  20. FORTRAN M AS A LANGUAGE FOR BUILDING EARTH SYSTEM MODELS \\Lambda

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    FORTRAN M AS A LANGUAGE FOR BUILDING EARTH SYSTEM MODELS \\Lambda Ian Foster Mathematics as a tool for building earth system models on massively parallel computers. I hypothesize that the use to investigate this hypothe sis. 2. Earth System Models An earth system model is a computer code designed