Sample records for maximum sustainable production

  1. Sustainable hydrogen production

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Block, D.L.; Linkous, C.; Muradov, N.

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report describes the Sustainable Hydrogen Production research conducted at the Florida Solar Energy Center (FSEC) for the past year. The report presents the work done on the following four tasks: Task 1--production of hydrogen by photovoltaic-powered electrolysis; Task 2--solar photocatalytic hydrogen production from water using a dual-bed photosystem; Task 3--development of solid electrolytes for water electrolysis at intermediate temperatures; and Task 4--production of hydrogen by thermocatalytic cracking of natural gas. For each task, this report presents a summary, introduction/description of project, and results.

  2. What is a Hurricane? Tropical system with maximum sustained

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meyers, Steven D.

    Andrew-Category 4· Category 4 Hurricane - Winds 131-155 mph. Wall failures in homes and complete roofHurricane 101 #12;What is a Hurricane? · Tropical system with maximum sustained surface wind of 74 mph or greater. A hurricane is the worst and the strongest of all tropical systems. · Also known

  3. Achieving Water-Sustainable Bioenergy Production

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Breakout Session 3-A: Growing a Water-Smart Bioeconomy Achieving Water-Sustainable Bioenergy ProductionMay Wu, Principal Environmental System Analyst in the Energy Systems Division, Argonne...

  4. Sustainable multipurpose tree production systems for Nepal

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shen, S.Y.; Kilpatrick, K.J.

    1988-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Argonne National Laboratory is developing methods for producing reforestation plating stock, fuel, and fodder in a sustainable manner in Nepal. This project, in cooperation with the Ministry of Forest and Soil Conservation of Nepal, is sponsored by the US Agency for International Development (AID). Several production systems are being evaluated for the Mid-Hills Region of Nepal. To provide sustainable biomass production and ecological management of the fragile Mid-Hills Region, the production systems must simultaneously satisfy the physiological requirements of the plants, the symbiotic requirements of the plant and the microorganisms in its rhizosphere, the physicochemical requirements of nutrient and water cycling, and the climatic and topographic constraints.

  5. Second Forum on Energy & Water Sustainability: Increasing Resource Productivity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keller, Arturo A.

    Second Forum on Energy & Water Sustainability: Increasing Resource Productivity April 10, 2009 on Energy & Water Sustainability in 2007 successfully brought together policy-makers, researchers, energy of energy and water sustainability, considering the important linkages between these two resources

  6. in Engineering Sustainable Product Creation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van der Torre, Leon

    aims to educate engineers who are conscious in the use of all resources, (e.g. energy efficiency, light of engineering skills. Focus on energy, environment and sustainbale growth The Master of Science in Engineering weight design, assembly time), but are also trained to develop products that minimize waste of e

  7. in Engineering Sustainable Product Creation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van der Torre, Leon

    engineers who are conscious in the use of all resources, (e.g. energy efficiency, light weight design. Focus on energy, environment and sustainbale growth The Master of Science in Engineering aims to educate, assembly time), but are also trained to develop products that minimize waste of e.g. material, space

  8. Human-Centered Sustainable Product !!Environmental impact

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Agogino, Alice M.

    Human-Centered Sustainable Product Design !!Environmental impact of buildings !!Green Building environments for people What is "Green" Building Design ? Real Goods Solar Living Center, Hopland, CA Van der Ryn Associates Gail Brager, School of Environmental Design ·! 36% of total U.S. primary energy use

  9. Some interesting consequences of the maximum entropy production principle

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Martyushev, L. M. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute of Industrial Ecology, Ural Division (Russian Federation)], E-mail: mlm@ecko.uran.ru

    2007-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Two nonequilibrium phase transitions (morphological and hydrodynamic) are analyzed by applying the maximum entropy production principle. Quantitative analysis is for the first time compared with experiment. Nonequilibrium crystallization of ice and laminar-turbulent flow transition in a circular pipe are examined as examples of morphological and hydrodynamic transitions, respectively. For the latter transition, a minimum critical Reynolds number of 1200 is predicted. A discussion of this important and interesting result is presented.

  10. Sustainable bioethanol production combining biorefinery principles and intercropping

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sustainable bioethanol production combining biorefinery principles and intercropping strategies obtained in laboratory experiments a decentralized biorefinery concept for co-production of bioethanol

  11. Watershed Scale Evaluation of the Sustainability and Productivity...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Biomass Crop Production: Watershed Scale Evaluation of the Sustainability and Productivity of Dedicated Energy Crop and Woody Biomass Operations DOE Bioenergy Technologies...

  12. 'Maximum' entropy production in self-organized plasma boundary layer: A thermodynamic discussion about turbulent heat transport

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yoshida, Z. [Graduate School of Frontier Sciences, University of Tokyo, Chiba 277-8561 (Japan); Mahajan, S. M. [Institute for Fusion Studies, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas 78712 (United States)

    2008-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A thermodynamic model of a plasma boundary layer, characterized by enhanced temperature contrasts and ''maximum entropy production,'' is proposed. The system shows bifurcation if the heat flux entering through the inner boundary exceeds a critical value. The state with a larger temperature contrast (larger entropy production) sustains a self-organized flow. An inverse cascade of energy is proposed as the underlying physical mechanism for the realization of such a heat engine.

  13. Second-Generation Biofuels from Multi-Product Biorefineries Combine Economic Sustainability With Environmental Sustainability

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Breakout Session 3B—Integration of Supply Chains III: Algal Biofuels Strategy Second-Generation Biofuels from Multi-Product Biorefineries Combine Economic Sustainability With Environmental Sustainability Martin Sabarsky, Chief Executive Officer, Cellana

  14. Sustainable Living Guide This sustainable living guide is the product of a class project for Geography 6250 at Memorial

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oyet, Alwell

    St. John's Sustainable Living Guide #12;This sustainable living guide is the product of a class's Sustainable Living Guide. Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's, Newfoundland, Canada, 40 p. Any...........................................................................................................2-4 Sustainable Home Living

  15. Software Product Line Engineering for Long-lived, Sustainable Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lutz, Robyn R.

    Software Product Line Engineering for Long-lived, Sustainable Systems Robyn Lutz1,2, David Weiss1 system, long-lived system, variability, commonality/variability analysis. 1 Introduction Sustainable and requirements, distinguishes sustainable systems from legacy systems. Accordingly we use the term long-lived

  16. Microsoft PowerPoint - Converting Sustainable Forest Products...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Petroleum, NG...) Fossil Fuel Production (Coal, Petroleum, NG...) Environmental, Social, Ecological, and Economic Sustainability What are Wood Pellets? * Wood pellets are...

  17. Land-Use Analysis of Croplands for Sustainable Food and Energy Production in the United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zumkehr, Andrew Lee

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Sustainable Food and Energy Production in the United StatesSustainable Food and Energy Production in the United Statesquality of renewable energy production and then assessing

  18. Energy Production, Frictional Dissipation, and Maximum Intensity of a Numerically Simulated Tropical Cyclone*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Yuqing

    Energy Production, Frictional Dissipation, and Maximum Intensity of a Numerically Simulated is eventually dissipated due to surface friction. Since the energy production rate is a linear function while frictional dissipation rate balances the energy production rate near the radius of maximum wind (RMW

  19. Energy Production, Frictional Dissipation, and Maximum Intensity of a Numerically Simulated Tropical Cyclone

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Yuqing

    0 Energy Production, Frictional Dissipation, and Maximum Intensity of a Numerically Simulated is eventually dissipated due to surface friction. Since the energy production rate is a linear function while frictional dissipation rate balances the energy production rate near the radius of maximum wind (RMW

  20. Promoting Sustainable Bioenergy Production and Trade Issue Paper No. 17

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Promoting Sustainable Bioenergy Production and Trade Issue Paper No. 17 June 2009 l ICTSD Programme School of Agriculture, Policy and Development University of Reading EU Support for Biofuels and Bioenergy on Agricultural Trade and Sustainable Development By Professor Alan Swinbank School of Agriculture, Policy

  1. Sustainable Development in the Forest Sector: Balancing production and consumption in a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sustainable Development in the Forest Sector: Balancing production and consumption in a challenging Consumption Workshop, Geneva, 2011 Sustainable development · Management and conservation of the natural;Promoting Sustainable Consumption Workshop, Geneva, 2011 Sustainable development (in the forest sector

  2. How "Sustainability" is Changing How We Make and Choose Products

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cheryl O'Brien

    2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    What does Sustainability mean, and why should people in the thermophysical properties business care? This paper will describe sustainability in the context of product development, which is where much of the buzz is currently being generated. Once described, it will discuss how expectations for Sustainability are changing product lines, and then discuss the controversial issues now emerging from trying to measure Sustainability. One of the most organized efforts in the U.S. is the U.S. Green Building Council revolutionizing how the built environment is conceptualized, designed, built, used, and disposed of - and born again. The appeal of the US Green Building Council is that it has managed to checklist how to "do" Sustainability. By following this checklist, better described as a rating system, a more Sustainable product should be achieved. That is, a product that uses less energy, less water, is less noxious to the user, and consumes fewer resources. We care because these Sustainable products are viewed as preferable by a growing number of consumers and, consequently, are more valuable. One of the most interesting aspects of the Sustainability movement is a quantitative assessment of how sustainable a product is. Life Cycle Assessment techniques (not to be confused with life cycle economic costs) developed since the early 1990s are gaining ground as a less biased method to measure the ultimate "bad" consequences of creating a product (depletion of natural resources, nutrification, acid rain, air borne particulates, solid waste, etc.). For example, one assertion is that these studies have shown that recycling can sometimes do more environmental harm than good.

  3. Maximum Utility Product Pricing Models and Algorithms Based on ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2007-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Apr 15, 2007 ... We consider a revenue management model for pricing a product line with several customer segments .... in a tie (in terms of the underlying utilities) for the best price for a customer segment. Without ...... However, the heuristic appears to make very few reassignments in practice. ...... CPLEX 9.1 User Manual.

  4. Sustainable Nanomaterials from Forest Products: Umaine Perspective

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn'tOriginEducationVideoStrategic SafetyGeothermal/Ground-Source Heat PumpsSustainable

  5. Sustainable Nanomaterials from Forest Products: Umaine Perspective |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn'tOriginEducationVideoStrategic SafetyGeothermal/Ground-Source Heat PumpsSustainableDepartment of

  6. The Sustainable Design Guidelines are the product of the ASU Office of the University Architect with the support and participation of the Sustainable Design Advisory Committee.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Junshan

    to sustainable design and construction (architecture, construction, facilities management, businessThe Sustainable Design Guidelines are the product of the ASU Office of the University Architect with the support and participation of the Sustainable Design Advisory Committee. ASU Sustainable Design

  7. OCTOBER 2010 SPECIAL INSTRUCTIONS TO DESIGNERS SID-S SUSTAINABLE PRODUCTS PORTFOLIO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kamat, Vineet R.

    by the Sustainability Team at the University of Michigan (U-M) Department of Architecture, Engineering & ConstructionSID-S OCTOBER 2010 SPECIAL INSTRUCTIONS TO DESIGNERS SID-S SUSTAINABLE PRODUCTS PORTFOLIO Page 1 of 2 SUSTAINABLE PRODUCTS PORTFOLIO General The Sustainable Products Portfolio (SPP) is maintained

  8. Sustainable and efficient biohydrogen production via electrohydrogenesis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    /mol (50­99% of the theoretical maxi- mum) at applied voltages of 0.2 to 0.8 V using acetic acid, a typical dead-end product of glucose or cellulose fermentation. At an applied voltage of 0.6 V, the overall of combustion of acetic acid was included in the energy balance, at a gas production rate of 1.1 m3 of H2 per

  9. Engineering for sustainable development for bio-diesel production 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Narayanan, Divya

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    on their performance. The SD indicator priority score and each individual alternative’s performance score together are used to determine the most sustainable alternative. The proposed methodology for ESD is applied for bio-diesel production in this thesis. The results...

  10. Center for By-Products Utilization Sustainable Concrete with

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saldin, Dilano

    , and emission of greenhouse gases, by using recycled materials. · The global potential for CO2 reduction through; Responsible for about 7% of total anthropogenic CO2 emissions; and, Each construction activity involving-Products Utilization Why Sustainable Concrete? (cont'd) Global CO2 emissions from fossil fuels use and cement

  11. Life Cycle Assessment and Sustainability of Chemical Products

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sahnoune, A.

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Life Cycle Assessment & Sustainability of Chemical Products Abdelhadi Sahnoune ExxonMobil Chemical Company Industrial Energy Technology Conference (IETC 2014) New Orleans, May 20-23, 2014 ESL-IE-14-05-38 Proceedings of the Thrity-Sixth Industrial... Energy Technology Conference New Orleans, LA. May 20-23, 2014 Products in our daily lives Plastics Packaging - Protects and extends shelf life Building & Construction – Insulation, design, flooring Plastics in Automotive Applications - Light weighting...

  12. Sustainability Internship Turtle Mountain LLC, the makers of the SO Delicious Dairy Free (SDDF) brand of products is looking for a Sustainability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grünwald, Niklaus J.

    Sustainability Internship Turtle Mountain LLC, the makers of the SO Delicious Dairy Free (SDDF) brand of products is looking for a Sustainability the opportunity to gain hands-on experience and learn lessons on two sustainability focused

  13. Environmental indicators for sustainable production of algal biofuels

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Efroymson, Rebecca Ann [ORNL; Dale, Virginia H [ORNL

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    For analyzing sustainability of algal biofuels, we identify 16 environmental indicators that fall into six categories: soil quality, water quality and quantity, air quality, greenhouse gas emissions, biodiversity, and productivity. Indicators are selected to be practical, widely applicable, predictable in response, anticipatory of future changes, independent of scale, and responsive to management. Major differences between algae and terrestrial plant feedstocks, as well as their supply chains for biofuel, are highlighted, for they influence the choice of appropriate sustainability indicators. Algae strain selection characteristics do not generally affect which indicators are selected. The use of water instead of soil as the growth medium for algae determines the higher priority of water- over soil-related indicators. The proposed set of environmental indicators provides an initial checklist for measures of biofuel sustainability but may need to be modified for particular contexts depending on data availability, goals of the stakeholders, and financial constraints. Use of these indicators entails defining sustainability goals and targets in relation to stakeholder values in a particular context and can lead to improved management practices.

  14. Use of cooling-temperature heat for sustainable food production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CERN. Geneva

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Food production and energy are undoubtedly interlinked. However, at present food production depends almost exclusively on direct use of stored energy sources, may they be nuclear-, petroleum- or bio-based. Furthermore, non-storage based “renewable” energy systems, like wind and solar, need development before bering able to contribute at a significant level. This presentation will point towards surplus heat as a way to bridge the gap between today’s food systems and truly sustainable ones, suitable to be performed in urban and peri-urban areas. Considering that arable land and fresh water resources are the base for our present food systems, but are limited, in combination with continued urbanisation, such solutions are urgently needed. By combining the use of surplus energy with harvest of society’s organic side flows, like e.g. food waste and aquatic based cash crops, truly sustainable and urban close food systems are possible at a level of significance also for global food security.

  15. Sustainability

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Opening Plenary Session: Bioenergy Sustainability—Charting the Path toward a Viable Future Jody Endres, Assistant Professor, College of Agricultural, Consumer and Environmental Sciences, University of Illinois

  16. Sustainability in the product cycle : adopting a shared standard for the apparel industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hartley, Alice C. (Alice Catherine)

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Decisions made by product designers strongly influence the social and environmental impacts that a consumer product will have over its lifetime. This study examines the Sustainable Apparel Index, a decision-support tool ...

  17. On Maximum Norm of Exterior Product and A Conjecture of C.N. Yang

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhilin Luo

    2015-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

    Let $V$ be a finite dimensional inner product space over $\\mathbb{R}$ with dimension $n$, where $n\\in \\mathbb{N}$, $\\wedge^{r}V$ be the exterior algebra of $V$, the problem is to find $\\max_{\\| \\xi \\| = 1, \\| \\eta \\| = 1}\\| \\xi \\wedge \\eta \\|$ where $k,l$ $\\in \\mathbb{N},$ $\\forall \\xi \\in \\wedge^{k}V, \\eta \\in \\wedge^{l}V.$ This is a problem suggested by the famous Nobel Prize Winner C.N. Yang. He solved this problem for $k\\leq 2$ in [1], and made the following \\textbf{conjecture} in [2] : If $n=2m$, $k=2r$, $l=2s$, then the maximum is achieved when $\\xi_{max} = \\frac{\\omega^{k}}{\\| \\omega^{k}\\|}, \\eta_{max} = \\frac{\\omega^{l}}{\\| \\omega^{l}\\|}$, where $ \\omega = \\Sigma_{i=1}^m e_{2i-1}\\wedge e_{2i}, $ and $\\{e_{k}\\}_{k=1}^{2m}$ is an orthonormal basis of V. From a physicist's point of view, this problem is just the dual version of the easier part of the well-known Beauzamy-Bombieri inequality for product of polynomials in many variables, which is discussed in [4]. Here the duality is referred as the well known Bose-Fermi correspondence, where we consider the skew-symmetric algebra(alternative forms) instead of the familiar symmetric algebra(polynomials in many variables) In this paper, for two cases we give estimations of the maximum of exterior products, and the Yang's conjecture is answered partially under some special cases.

  18. Predicting Whole Forest Structure, Primary Productivity, and Biomass Density From Maximum Tree Size and Resource Limitations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kempes, Christopher P; Dooris, William; West, Geoffrey B

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In the face of uncertain biological response to climate change and the many critiques concerning model complexity it is increasingly important to develop predictive mechanistic frameworks that capture the dominant features of ecological communities and their dependencies on environmental factors. This is particularly important for critical global processes such as biomass changes, carbon export, and biogenic climate feedback. Past efforts have successfully understood a broad spectrum of plant and community traits across a range of biological diversity and body size, including tree size distributions and maximum tree height, from mechanical, hydrodynamic, and resource constraints. Recently it was shown that global scaling relationships for net primary productivity are correlated with local meteorology and the overall biomass density within a forest. Along with previous efforts, this highlights the connection between widely observed allometric relationships and predictive ecology. An emerging goal of ecological...

  19. System Dynamics Sustainability Model of Palm-Oil Based Biodiesel Production Chain in Indonesia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Akhmad Hidayatno; Aziiz Sutrisno; Yuri M. Zagloel; Widodo W. Purwanto

    The nature of biodiesel production itself is complex with multisectors and multi-actors conditions, and with addition of sustainability issues from various stakeholder, created a complex challenges for developing the biodiesel industry. In order to understand of the complexity, this research developed a comprehensive sustainability model to draw the relationships and analyze the effects of government policy for stimulating biodiesel industry using the combination methods of process mapping, financial modeling, life cycle analysis (LCA) and business sustainability strategy. The model combines its output translated into a complete sustainability index of financial, social and environment. The model simulation results show that accomplishment of a sustainable biodiesel production within the target and timeframe is impossible without releasing the subsidized price of diesel fuel and further directions from the government. I Index Terms — biodiesel, system dynamics, sustainability

  20. Engineering for sustainable development for bio-diesel production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Narayanan, Divya

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Engineering for Sustainable Development (ESD) is an integrated systems approach, which aims at developing a balance between the requirements of the current stakeholders without compromising the ability of the future generations to meet their needs...

  1. Development Of Sustainable Biobased Products And Bioenergy In Cooperation With The Midwest Consortium For Sustainable Biobased Products And Energy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Michael Ladisch; Randy Woodson

    2009-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

    Collaborative efforts of Midwest Consortium have been put forth to add value to distiller's grains by further processing them into fermentable sugars, ethanol, and a protein rich co-product consistent with a pathway to a biorenewables industry (Schell et al, 2008). These studies were recently published in the enclosed special edition (Volume 99, Issue 12) of Bioresource Technology journal. Part of them have demonstrated the utilization of distillers grains as additional feedstock for increased ethanol production in the current dry grind process (Kim et al., 2008a, b; Dien et al.,2008, Ladisch et al., 2008a, b). Results showed that both liquid hot water (LHW) pretreatment and ammonia fiber expansion (AFEX) were effective for enhancing digestibility of distiller's grains. Enzymatic digestion of distiller's grains resulted in more than 90% glucose yield under standard assay conditions, although the yield tends to drop as the concentration of dry solids increases. Simulated process mass balances estimated that hydrolysis and fermentation of distillers grains can increase the ethanol yield by 14% in the current dry milling process (Kim et al., 2008c). Resulting co-products from the modified process are richer in protein and oil contents than conventional distiller's grains, as determined both experimentally and computationally. Other research topics in the special edition include water solubilization of DDGS by transesterification reaction with phosphite esters (Oshel el al., 2008) to improve reactivity of the DDGS to enzymes, hydrolysis of soluble oligomers derived from DDGS using functionalized mesoporous solid catalysts (Bootsma et al., 2008), and ABE (acetone, butanol, ethanol) production from DDGS by solventogenic Clostridia (Ezeji and Blaschek, 2008). Economic analysis of a modified dry milling process, where the fiber and residual starch is extracted and fermented to produce more ethanol from the distillers grains while producing highly concentrated protein co-product, has shown that the process is economically viable resulting in an increase in net present value (Perkis et al., 2008). According to the study, the revenue is expected to increase further with improved amino acid profile of the protein rich co-products and lower cost of cellulase enzyme mixture. Also, Kim and Dale (2008) discuss using life cycle analysis to enhance the environmental performance of the corn based ethanol. On the second phase of the research, concerted efforts were directed on assessing compositional variability of dry milling co-products collected from 4 different dry grind ethanol plants has been measured and its effect on enzymatic digestibility and fermentability. Fermentation utilized a recombinant glucose/xylose co-fermenting yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae 424A (LNH-ST)). No significant compositional variability among the samples was found. Simultaneous saccharification and glucose/xylose co-fermentation of the pretreated distillers grains at solids and cellulase loadings of 150 g dry solids per liter and 6.4 mg protein per g dry substrate, respectively, yielded 74-801% of theoretical maximum ethanol concentration using recombinant Saccharomyces cerevisiae 424A (LNH-ST). The paper summarizing the results from the second phase of the Midwest Consortium is currently submitted to Bioresource Technology journal. The copy of the paper submitted is enclosed.

  2. DOES THE LOCAL EMBEDDEDNESS OF ENERGY PRODUCTION CONTRIBUTE TO SUSTAINABLE RURAL DEVELOPMENT? SOME

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    1 DOES THE LOCAL EMBEDDEDNESS OF ENERGY PRODUCTION CONTRIBUTE TO SUSTAINABLE RURAL DEVELOPMENT underlines the spatial transition of energy production relating to the spreading of wind turbines Europe. From a rural perspective, the spreading of wind energy parks is the comeback of energy production

  3. School of Architecture, Design and the Built Environment Sustainable Product Design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evans, Paul

    of product lifecycle. To meet such a demand, this research is to develop a novel approach for sustainable, but the approach developed will also be useful for other type of products. A lifecycle design will be applied, i.e., the design constrains will cover all stages of the whole lifecycle of the product, such as extraction

  4. An Integrative Modeling Framework to Evaluate the Productivity and Sustainability of Biofuel Crop Production Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhang, Xuesong; Izaurralde, Roberto C.; Manowitz, David H.; West, T. O.; Post, W. M.; Thomson, Allison M.; Bandaru, V. P.; Nichols, J.; Williams, J.R.

    2010-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

    The potential expansion of biofuel production raises food, energy, and environmental challenges that require careful assessment of the impact of biofuel production on greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, soil erosion, nutrient loading, and water quality. In this study, we describe a spatially-explicit integrative modeling framework (SEIMF) to understand and quantify the environmental impacts of different biomass cropping systems. This SEIMF consists of three major components: 1) a geographic information system (GIS)-based data analysis system to define spatial modeling units with resolution of 56 m to address spatial variability, 2) the biophysical and biogeochemical model EPIC (Environmental Policy Integrated Climate) applied in a spatially-explicit way to predict biomass yield, GHG emissions, and other environmental impacts of different biofuel crops production systems, and 3) an evolutionary multi-objective optimization algorithm for exploring the trade-offs between biofuel energy production and unintended ecosystem-service responses. Simple examples illustrate the major functions of the SEIMF when applied to a 9-county Regional Intensive Modeling Area (RIMA) in SW Michigan to 1) simulate biofuel crop production, 2) compare impacts of management practices and local ecosystem settings, and 3) optimize the spatial configuration of different biofuel production systems by balancing energy production and other ecosystem-service variables. Potential applications of the SEIMF to support life cycle analysis and provide information on biodiversity evaluation and marginal-land identification are also discussed. The SEIMF developed in this study is expected to provide a useful tool for scientists and decision makers to understand sustainability issues associated with the production of biofuels at local, regional, and national scales.

  5. An integrative modeling framework to evaluate the productivity and sustainability of biofuel crop production systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhang, X [University of Maryland; Izaurralde, R. C. [University of Maryland; Manowitz, D. [University of Maryland; West, T. O. [University of Maryland; Thomson, A. M. [University of Maryland; Post, Wilfred M [ORNL; Bandaru, Vara Prasad [ORNL; Nichols, Jeff [ORNL; Williams, J. [AgriLIFE, Temple, TX

    2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The potential expansion of biofuel production raises food, energy, and environmental challenges that require careful assessment of the impact of biofuel production on greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, soil erosion, nutrient loading, and water quality. In this study, we describe a spatially explicit integrative modeling framework (SEIMF) to understand and quantify the environmental impacts of different biomass cropping systems. This SEIMF consists of three major components: (1) a geographic information system (GIS)-based data analysis system to define spatial modeling units with resolution of 56 m to address spatial variability, (2) the biophysical and biogeochemical model Environmental Policy Integrated Climate (EPIC) applied in a spatially-explicit way to predict biomass yield, GHG emissions, and other environmental impacts of different biofuel crops production systems, and (3) an evolutionary multiobjective optimization algorithm for exploring the trade-offs between biofuel energy production and unintended ecosystem-service responses. Simple examples illustrate the major functions of the SEIMF when applied to a nine-county Regional Intensive Modeling Area (RIMA) in SW Michigan to (1) simulate biofuel crop production, (2) compare impacts of management practices and local ecosystem settings, and (3) optimize the spatial configuration of different biofuel production systems by balancing energy production and other ecosystem-service variables. Potential applications of the SEIMF to support life cycle analysis and provide information on biodiversity evaluation and marginal-land identification are also discussed. The SEIMF developed in this study is expected to provide a useful tool for scientists and decision makers to understand sustainability issues associated with the production of biofuels at local, regional, and national scales.

  6. Forest Productivity and Diversity: Using Ecological Theory and Landscape Models to Guide Sustainable Forest Management

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Huston, M.A.

    1998-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Sustainable forest management requires maintaining or increasing ecosystem productivity, while preserving or restoring natural levels of biodiversity. Application of general concepts from ecological theory, along with use of mechanistic, landscape-based computer models, can contribute to the successful achievement of both of these objectives. Ecological theories based on the energetics and dynamics of populations can be used to predict the general distribution of individual species, the diversity of different types of species, ecosystem process rates and pool sizes, and patterns of spatial and temporal heterogeneity over a broad range of environmental conditions. This approach requires subdivision of total biodiversity into functional types of organisms, primarily because different types of organisms respond very differently to the spatial and temporal variation of environmental conditions on landscapes. The diversity of species of the same functional type (particularly among plants) tends to be highest at relatively low levels of net primary productivity, while the total number of different functional types (particularly among animals) tends to be highest at high levels of productivity (e.g., site index or potential net primary productivity). In general, the diversity of animals at higher trophic levels (e.g., predators) reaches its maximum at much higher levels of productivity than the diversity of lower trophic levels (e.g., plants). This means that a single environment cannot support high diversity of all types of organisms. Within the framework of the general patterns described above, the distributions, population dynamics, and diversity of organisms in specific regions can be predicted more precisely using a combination of computer simulation models and GIS data based on satellite information and ground surveys. Biophysical models that use information on soil properties, climate, and hydrology have been developed to predict how the abundance and spatial distribution of various plants and animals. These models can be, used to predict the patterns of forest type and structure that develop in response to variation in productivity and disturbance across complex landscapes, as well as species diversity and the distribution and population fluctuations of threatened species in specific regions.

  7. Renewable Energy and Environmental Sustainability Using Biomass from Dairy and Beef Animal Production Facilities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mukhtar, Saqib

    Production Facilities The Texas Panhandle is regarded as the "Cattle Feeding Capital of the World", producingRenewable Energy and Environmental Sustainability Using Biomass from Dairy and Beef Animal basis. Heretofore, it has been used extensively for irrigated and dry land crop production, and in some

  8. Application of the Principle of Maximum Conformality to Top-Pair Production

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brodsky, Stanley J.; /SLAC; Wu, Xing-Gang; /SLAC /Chongqing U.

    2013-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

    A major contribution to the uncertainty of finite-order perturbative QCD predictions is the perceived ambiguity in setting the renormalization scale {mu}{sub r}. For example, by using the conventional way of setting {mu}{sub r} {element_of} [m{sub t}/2, 2m{sub t}], one obtains the total t{bar t} production cross-section {sigma}{sub t{bar t}} with the uncertainty {Delta}{sigma}{sub t{bar t}}/{sigma}{sub t{bar t}} {approx} (+3%/-4%) at the Tevatron and LHC even for the present NNLO level. The Principle of Maximum Conformality (PMC) eliminates the renormalization scale ambiguity in precision tests of Abelian QED and non-Abelian QCD theories. By using the PMC, all nonconformal {l_brace}{beta}{sub i}{r_brace}-terms in the perturbative expansion series are summed into the running coupling constant, and the resulting scale-fixed predictions are independent of the renormalization scheme. The correct scale-displacement between the arguments of different renormalization schemes is automatically set, and the number of active flavors n{sub f} in the {l_brace}{beta}{sub i}{r_brace}-function is correctly determined. The PMC is consistent with the renormalization group property that a physical result is independent of the renormalization scheme and the choice of the initial renormalization scale {mu}{sub r}{sup init}. The PMC scale {mu}{sub r}{sup PMC} is unambiguous at finite order. Any residual dependence on {mu}{sub r}{sup init} for a finite-order calculation will be highly suppressed since the unknown higher-order {l_brace}{beta}{sub i}{r_brace}-terms will be absorbed into the PMC scales higher-order perturbative terms. We find that such renormalization group invariance can be satisfied to high accuracy for {sigma}{sub t{bar t}} at the NNLO level. In this paper we apply PMC scale-setting to predict the t{bar t} cross-section {sigma}{sub t{bar t}} at the Tevatron and LHC colliders. It is found that {sigma}{sub t{bar t}} remains almost unchanged by varying {mu}{sub r}{sup init} within the region of [m{sub t}/4, 4m{sub t}]. The convergence of the expansion series is greatly improved. For the (q{bar q})-channel, which is dominant at the Tevatron, its NLO PMC scale is much smaller than the top-quark mass in the small x-region, and thus its NLO cross-section is increased by about a factor of two. In the case of the (gg)-channel, which is dominant at the LHC, its NLO PMC scale slightly increases with the subprocess collision energy {radical}s, but it is still smaller than m{sub t} for {radical} {approx}< 1 TeV, and the resulting NLO cross-section is increased by {approx}20%. As a result, a larger {sigma}{sub t{bar t}} is obtained in comparison to the conventional scale-setting method, which agrees well with the present Tevatron and LHC data. More explicitly, by setting m{sub t} = 172.9 {+-} 1.1 GeV, we predict {sigma}{sub Tevatron, 1.96 TeV} = 7.626{sub -0.257}{sup +0.265} pb, {sigma}{sub LHC, 7 TeV} = 171.8{sub -5.6}{sup +5.8} pb and {sigma}{sub LHC, 14 TeV} = 941.3{sub -26.5}{sup +28.4} pb.

  9. Assessment of the sustainability of bioenergy production from algal feedstock 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aitken, Douglas

    2014-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Growing concerns regarding the impact of fossil fuel use upon the environment and the cost of production have led to a growth in the interest of obtaining energy from biomass. 1st and 2nd generation biomass types, however, ...

  10. Sustainable bioenergy production from marginal lands in the US Midwest

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gelfand, Ilya; Sahajpal, Ritvik; Zhang, Xuesong; Izaurralde, Roberto C.; Gross, Katherine L.; Robertson, G. P.

    2013-01-24T23:59:59.000Z

    Long-term measurements of global warming impact coupled with spatially explicit modeling suggests that both climate benefits and the production potential of cellulosic crops grown on marginal lands of the US North Central region are substantial but will be insufficient to meet long-term biofuel needs.

  11. UWA Institute of Agriculture 1 "Sustaining productive agriculture for a growing world"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tobar, Michael

    UWA Institute of Agriculture 1 "Sustaining productive agriculture for a growing world" Agriculture Science graduates show their talents at the Young Professionals in Agriculture Forum Institute of Agriculture photo:MrPeterMaloney The Australian Institute of Agricultural Science and Technology (AIAST

  12. Green Toys Inc.: Striving to Make Sustainable Products | 1 Green Toys Inc.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Lowell, University of

    Green Toys Inc.: Striving to Make Sustainable Products | 1 Green Toys Inc. Striving to Make Goeben of Green Toys Inc. for providing information for this case study and giving generously of his time of this report. 3 Background 4 The Genesis of Green Toys Inc. 5 Exploring What Makes Green Toys Greener

  13. Analysis to determine the maximum dimensions of flexible apertures in sensored security netting products.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Murton, Mark; Bouchier, Francis A.; vanDongen, Dale T.; Mack, Thomas Kimball; Cutler, Robert Paul; Ross, Michael P.

    2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Although technological advances provide new capabilities to increase the robustness of security systems, they also potentially introduce new vulnerabilities. New capability sometimes requires new performance requirements. This paper outlines an approach to establishing a key performance requirement for an emerging intrusion detection sensor: the sensored net. Throughout the security industry, the commonly adopted standard for maximum opening size through barriers is a requirement based on square inches-typically 96 square inches. Unlike standard rigid opening, the dimensions of a flexible aperture are not fixed, but variable and conformable. It is demonstrably simple for a human intruder to move through a 96-square-inch opening that is conformable to the human body. The longstanding 96-square-inch requirement itself, though firmly embedded in policy and best practice, lacks a documented empirical basis. This analysis concluded that the traditional 96-square-inch standard for openings is insufficient for flexible openings that are conformable to the human body. Instead, a circumference standard is recommended for these newer types of sensored barriers. The recommended maximum circumference for a flexible opening should be no more than 26 inches, as measured on the inside of the netting material.

  14. Research projects for 2014 Natural Products Chemistry / Sustainable Chemicals for the Future Prof. Chris Rayner Prof. Chris Rayner

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rzepa, Henry S.

    products we use in our daily lives originate from petrochemical resources. Given that the worldwide interest in the use of renewable, sustainable resources of products which can replace current petrochemical

  15. Human Appropriation of Net Primary Productivity (HANPP) in Texas: A Statewide Analysis of Sustainability in the Agricultural and Timber Sectors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Graff, Christopher P.

    2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

    The sustainability of the Texas agricultural and timber sectors is measured using the ratio of human appropriation of net primary productivity (HANPP) to available net primary productivity (NPP) on a county-by-county basis for the entire state...

  16. Eliminating the Renormalization Scale Ambiguity for Top-Pair Production Using the Principle of Maximum Conformality

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brodsky, Stanley J.; /SLAC; Wu, Xing-Gang; /Chongqing U.

    2012-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

    The uncertainty in setting the renormalization scale in finite-order perturbative QCD predictions using standard methods substantially reduces the precision of tests of the Standard Model in collider experiments. It is conventional to choose a typical momentum transfer of the process as the renormalization scale and take an arbitrary range to estimate the uncertainty in the QCD prediction. However, predictions using this procedure depend on the choice of renormalization scheme, leave a non-convergent renormalon perturbative series, and moreover, one obtains incorrect results when applied to QED processes. In contrast, if one fixes the renormalization scale using the Principle of Maximum Conformality (PMC), all non-conformal {l_brace}{beta}{sub i}{r_brace}-terms in the perturbative expansion series are summed into the running coupling, and one obtains a unique, scale-fixed, scheme-independent prediction at any finite order. The PMC renormalization scale {mu}{sub R}{sup PMC} and the resulting finite-order PMC prediction are both to high accuracy independent of choice of the initial renormalization scale {mu}{sub R}{sup init}, consistent with renormalization group invariance. Moreover, after PMC scale-setting, the n!-growth of the pQCD expansion is eliminated. Even the residual scale-dependence at fixed order due to unknown higher-order {l_brace}{beta}{sub i}{r_brace}-terms is substantially suppressed. As an application, we apply the PMC procedure to obtain NNLO predictions for the t{bar t}-pair hadroproduction cross-section at the Tevatron and LHC colliders. There are no renormalization scale or scheme uncertainties, thus greatly improving the precision of the QCD prediction. The PMC prediction for {sigma}{sub t{bar t}} is larger in magnitude in comparison with the conventional scale-setting method, and it agrees well with the present Tevatron and LHC data. We also verify that the initial scale-independence of the PMC prediction is satisfied to high accuracy at the NNLO level: the total cross-section remains almost unchanged even when taking very disparate initial scales {mu}{sub R}{sup init} equal to m{sub t}, 20 m{sub t}, {radical}s.

  17. Sustained H2 Production Driven by Photosynthetic Water Splitting in a Unicellular Cyanobacterium

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Melnicki, Matthew R.; Pinchuk, Grigoriy E.; Hill, Eric A.; Kucek, Leo A.; Fredrickson, Jim K.; Konopka, Allan; Beliaev, Alex S.

    2012-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

    Continuously illuminated nitrogen-deprived Cyanothece sp. ATCC 51142 evolved H2 via dinitrogenase at rates up to 400 ?mol•mg Chl-1•h-1 in parallel with photosynthetic O2 production. Notably, sustained co-production of H2 and O2 occurred over 100 h in the presence of CO2, with both gases displaying inverse oscillations which eventually dampened to stable rates. Oscillations were not observed when CO2 was omitted, while H2 and O2 evolution rates were positively correlated. In situ light saturation analyses of H2 production displayed dose-dependence and lack of O2 inhibition. Inactivation of photosystem II had substantial long-term effects but did not affect the short-term H2 production indicating that the process is also supported by photosystem I activity and oxidation of endogenous glycogen. Collectively, our results demonstrate that uninterrupted H2 production in unicellular diazotrophic cyanobacteria can be fueled by water photolysis without the detrimental effects of O2 and have important implications for sustainable production of biofuels.

  18. Sustainable biomass products development and evaluation, Hamakua project. Final draft report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1998-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The PICHTR Sustainable Biomass Energy Program was developed to evaluate the potential to cultivate crops for energy production as an alternative use of lands made available by the closing of large sugar plantations. In particular, the closing of the Hamakua Sugar Company on the island of Hawaii brought a great deal of attention to the future of agriculture in this region and in the state. Many options were proposed. Several promising alternatives had been proposed for cane lands. These included dedicated feedstock supply systems (DFSS) for electrical energy production, cultivation of sugarcane to produce ethanol and related by-products, and the production of feed and crops to support animal agriculture. Implementation of some of the options might require preservation of large tracts of land and maintenance of the sugar mills and sugar infrastructure. An analysis of the technical, financial, and other issues necessary to reach conclusions regarding the optimal use of these lands was required. At the request of the Office of State Planning and Senator Akaka`s office, the Pacific International Center for High Technology Research (PICHTR) established and coordinated a working group composed of state, county, federal, and private sector representatives to identify sustainable energy options for the use of idle sugar lands on the island of Hawaii. The Sustainable Biomass Energy Program`s Hamakua Project was established to complete a comprehensive evaluation of the most viable alternatives and assess the options to grow crops as a source of raw materials for the production of transportation fuel and/or electricity on the island of Hawaii. The motivation for evaluating biomass to energy conversion embraced the considerations that Hawaii`s energy security would be improved by diversifying the fuels used for transportation and reducing dependency on imported fossil fuels. The use of waste products as feedstocks could divert wastes from landfills.

  19. Sustainable Bioenergy | Argonne National Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Sustainable Bioenergy Sustainable Bioenergy Argonne's research in bioenergy includes topics associated with feedstock production and biomass conversion. Argonne scientists also...

  20. Interactions of woody biofuel feedstock production systems with water resources: Considerations for sustainability.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Trettin, Carl,C.; Amatya, Devendra; Coleman, Mark.

    2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Abstract. Water resources are important for the production of woody biofuel feedstocks. It is necessary to ensure that production systems do not adversely affect the quantity or quality of surface and ground water. The effects of woody biomass plantations on water resources are largely dependent on the prior land use and the management regime. Experience from both irrigated and non-irrigated systems has demonstrated that woody biofuel production systems do not impair water quality. Water quality actually improves from conversion of idle or degraded agricultural lands to woody biomass plantations. Site water balance may be altered by cultivation of woody biomass plantations relative to agricultural use, due to increases in evapostranspiration (ET) and storage. Incorporation of woody biomass production plantations within the landscape provides an opportunity to improve the quality of runoff water and soil conservation. Given the centrality of water resources to the sustainability of ecosystem services and other values derived, the experience with woody biofuels feedstock production systems is positive. Keywords. Short rotation woody crop, forest hydrology, water quality, hardwood plantation.

  1. On a necessary criterion for stability of steady solutions of complex Ginzburg-Landau equation -- a counterexample to the 'maximum entropy production principle'

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Di Vita, Andrea

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A maximum entropy production principle (MEPP) has been postulated to be a criterion of stability for steady states of open systems [Martyushev et al., Phys. Rep. 426, 1 (2006)]. We find a necessary condition for stability of steady solutions of the complex Ginzburg-Landau equation. This condition violates MEPP.

  2. Vertical Integration of Biomass Saccharification of Enzymes for Sustainable Cellulosic Biofuel Production in a Biorefinery

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Manoj Kumar, PhD

    2011-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

    Lignocellulosic biomass is the most abundant, least expensive renewable natural biological resource for the production of biobased products and bioenergy is important for the sustainable development of human civilization in 21st century. For making the fermentable sugars from lignocellulosic biomass, a reduction in cellulase production cost, an improvement in cellulase performance, and an increase in sugar yields are all vital to reduce the processing costs of biorefineries. Improvements in specific cellulase activities for non-complexed cellulase mixtures can be implemented through cellulase engineering based on rational design or directed evolution for each cellulase component enzyme, as well as on the reconstitution of cellulase components. In this paper, we will provide DSM's efforts in cellulase research and developments and focus on limitations. Cellulase improvement strategies based on directed evolution using screening on relevant substrates, screening for higher thermal tolerance based on activity screening approaches such as continuous culture using insoluble cellulosic substrates as a powerful selection tool for enriching beneficial cellulase mutants from the large library. We will illustrate why and how thermostable cellulases are vital for economic delivery of bioproducts from cellulosic biomass using biochemical conversion approach.

  3. The Case for Certified Wood Forest products deemed sustainable are a growing part of today's green buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , and explain the need for responsible forestry practices that keep wood building materials a truly green choiceThe Case for Certified Wood Forest products deemed sustainable are a growing part of today's green buildings October 2008 Sponsored by JELD-WEN® Windows and Doors The demand in the United States

  4. Sustainability of Forage-based Livestock Production Systems in South Texas in an Era of High Synthetic Nitrogen Fertilizer Prices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sustainability of Forage-based Livestock Production Systems in South Texas in an Era of High of soil tests and alternative application methods. The second alternative is to reintroduce into their management practices that were the norm until the advent of cheap synthetic fertilizers after 1945

  5. GreenhouseSupervisor Mendel is a private agbiotech/agchem company developing solutions for the sustainable production of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mazzotti, Frank

    for the sustainable production of food, fiber and fuel. We have had longstanding collaborations with Monsanto, Bayer. Mendel is seeking a Greenhouse Supervisor. The qualified candidate will be responsible for planning special attention (small size, altered flowering, etc.) and adjust protocols as needed · Quality Control

  6. Land-Use Analysis of Croplands for Sustainable Food and Energy Production in the United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zumkehr, Andrew Lee

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and Comparisons. Renewable and Sustainable Energy ReviewsEnergy Storage in a Renewable Energy Sytsem. Proceedings ofPractices, and Constraints. Renewable Agriculture and Food

  7. Knowledge Integration to Make Decisions About Complex Systems: Sustainability of Energy Production from Agriculture

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Francesco Danuso

    2010-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

    A major bottleneck for improving the governance of complex systems, rely on our ability to integrate different forms of knowledge into a decision support system (DSS). Preliminary aspects are the classification of different types of knowledge (a priori or general, a posteriori or specific, with uncertainty, numerical, textual, algorithmic, complete/incomplete, etc.), the definition of ontologies for knowledge management and the availability of proper tools like continuous simulation models, event driven models, statistical approaches, computational methods (neural networks, evolutionary optimization, rule based systems etc.) and procedure for textual documentation. Following these views at University of Udine, a computer language (SEMoLa, Simple, Easy Modelling Language) for knowledge integration has been developed.  SEMoLa can handle models, data, metadata and textual knowledge; it implements and extends the system dynamics ontology (Forrester, 1968; Jřrgensen, 1994) in which systems are modelled by the concepts of material, group, state, rate, parameter, internal and external events and driving variables. As an example, a SEMoLa model to improve management and sustainability (economical, energetic, environmental) of the agricultural farms is presented. The model (X-Farm) simulates a farm in which cereal and forage yield, oil seeds, milk, calves and wastes can be sold or reused. X-Farm is composed by integrated modules describing fields (crop and soil), feeds and materials storage, machinery management, manpower  management, animal husbandry, economic and energetic balances, seed oil extraction, manure and wastes management, biogas production from animal wastes and biomasses.

  8. Knowledge Integration to Make Decisions About Complex Systems: Sustainability of Energy Production from Agriculture

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Danuso, Francesco (University of Udine) [University of Udine

    2008-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

    A major bottleneck for improving the governance of complex systems, rely on our ability to integrate different forms of knowledge into a decision support system (DSS). Preliminary aspects are the classification of different types of knowledge (a priori or general, a posteriori or specific, with uncertainty, numerical, textual, algorithmic, complete/incomplete, etc.), the definition of ontologies for knowledge management and the availability of proper tools like continuous simulation models, event driven models, statistical approaches, computational methods (neural networks, evolutionary optimization, rule based systems etc.) and procedure for textual documentation. Following these views at University of Udine, a computer language (SEMoLa, Simple, Easy Modelling Language) for knowledge integration has been developed. SEMoLa can handle models, data, metadata and textual knowledge; it implements and extends the system dynamics ontology (Forrester, 1968; Joergensen, 1994) in which systems are modeled by the concepts of material, group, state, rate, parameter, internal and external events and driving variables. As an example, a SEMoLa model to improve management and sustainability (economical, energetic, environmental) of the agricultural farms is presented. The model (X-Farm) simulates a farm in which cereal and forage yield, oil seeds, milk, calves and wastes can be sold or reused. X-Farm is composed by integrated modules describing fields (crop and soil), feeds and materials storage, machinery management, manpower management, animal husbandry, economic and energetic balances, seed oil extraction, manure and wastes management, biogas production from animal wastes and biomasses.

  9. Knowledge Integration to Make Decisions About Complex Systems: Sustainability of Energy Production from Agriculture

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Francesco Danuso

    2008-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

    A major bottleneck for improving the governance of complex systems, rely on our ability to integrate different forms of knowledge into a decision support system (DSS). Preliminary aspects are the classification of different types of knowledge (a priori or general, a posteriori or specific, with uncertainty, numerical, textual, algorithmic, complete/incomplete, etc.), the definition of ontologies for knowledge management and the availability of proper tools like continuous simulation models, event driven models, statistical approaches, computational methods (neural networks, evolutionary optimization, rule based systems etc.) and procedure for textual documentation. Following these views at University of Udine, a computer language (SEMoLa, Simple, Easy Modelling Language) for knowledge integration has been developed.  SEMoLa can handle models, data, metadata and textual knowledge; it implements and extends the system dynamics ontology (Forrester, 1968; Jřrgensen, 1994) in which systems are modelled by the concepts of material, group, state, rate, parameter, internal and external events and driving variables. As an example, a SEMoLa model to improve management and sustainability (economical, energetic, environmental) of the agricultural farms is presented. The model (X-Farm) simulates a farm in which cereal and forage yield, oil seeds, milk, calves and wastes can be sold or reused. X-Farm is composed by integrated modules describing fields (crop and soil), feeds and materials storage, machinery management, manpower  management, animal husbandry, economic and energetic balances, seed oil extraction, manure and wastes management, biogas production from animal wastes and biomasses.

  10. Conservation Agriculture and its Role in Soil Health, Sustainable Food Production and Food Security. A topical lunch on October 4th

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Angenent, Lars T.

    Conservation Agriculture and its Role in Soil Health, Sustainable Food Production and Food Security community more involved in the larger picture of sustainable land management to meet future food security Management will need involvement of soil science, agronomy, plant pathology, natural resource management

  11. Y-12 Site Sustainability Plan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sherry, T. D.; Kohlhorst, D. P.; Little, S. K.

    2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The accomplishments to date and the long-range planning of the Y-12 Energy Management and Sustainability and Stewardship programs support the DOE and the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) vision for a commitment to energy efficiency and sustainability and to achievement of the Guiding Principles. Specifically, the Y-12 vision is to support the Environment, Safety and Health Policy and the DOE Strategic Sustainability Performance Plan (SSPP) while promoting overall sustainability and reduction of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Table ES.2 gives a comprehensive overview of Y-12's performance status and planned actions. B&W Y-12's Energy Management mission is to incorporate renewable energy and energy efficient technologies site-wide and to position Y-12 to meet NNSA energy requirement needs through 2025 and beyond. During FY 2011, the site formed a sustainability team (Fig. ES.1). The sustainability team provides a coordinated approach to meeting the various sustainability requirements and serves as a forum for increased communication and consistent implementation of sustainability activities at Y-12. The sustainability team serves as an information exchange mechanism to promote general awareness of sustainability information, while providing a system to document progress and to identify resources. These resources are necessary to implement activities that support the overall goals of sustainability, including reducing the use of resources and conserving energy. Additionally, the team's objectives include: (1) Foster a Y-12-wide philosophy to conserve resources; (2) Reduce the impacts of production operations in a cost-effective manner; (3) Increase materials recycling; (4) Use a minimum amount of energy and fuel; (5) Create a minimum of waste and pollution in achieving Y-12-strategic objectives; (6) Develop and implement techniques, technologies, process modifications, and programs that support sustainable acquisition; (7) Minimize the impacts to resources, including energy/fuel, water, waste, pesticides, and pollution generation; (8) Incorporate sustainable design principles into the design and construction of facility upgrades, new facilities, and infrastructure; and (9) Comply with federal and state regulations, executive orders, and DOE requirements. Y-12 is working to communicate its sustainment vision through procedural, engineering, operational, and management practices. The site will make informed decisions based on the application of the five Guiding Principles for HPSBs to the maximum extent possible.

  12. Single-particle spectral density of the unitary Fermi gas: Novel approach based on the operator product expansion, sum rules and the maximum entropy method

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Philipp Gubler; Naoki Yamamoto; Tetsuo Hatsuda; Yusuke Nishida

    2015-01-24T23:59:59.000Z

    Making use of the operator product expansion, we derive a general class of sum rules for the imaginary part of the single-particle self-energy of the unitary Fermi gas. The sum rules are analyzed numerically with the help of the maximum entropy method, which allows us to extract the single-particle spectral density as a function of both energy and momentum. These spectral densities contain basic information on the properties of the unitary Fermi gas, such as the dispersion relation and the superfluid pairing gap, for which we obtain reasonable agreement with the available results based on quantum Monte-Carlo simulations.

  13. Single-particle spectral density of the unitary Fermi gas: Novel approach based on the operator product expansion, sum rules and the maximum entropy method

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gubler, Philipp; Hatsuda, Tetsuo; Nishida, Yusuke

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Making use of the operator product expansion, we derive a general class of sum rules for the imaginary part of the single-particle self-energy of the unitary Fermi gas. The sum rules are analyzed numerically with the help of the maximum entropy method, which allows us to extract the single-particle spectral density as a function of both energy and momentum. These spectral densities contain basic information on the properties of the unitary Fermi gas, such as the dispersion relation and the superfluid pairing gap, for which we obtain reasonable agreement with the available results based on quantum Monte-Carlo simulations.

  14. Laser sustained discharge nozzle apparatus for the production of an intense beam of high kinetic energy atomic species

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Cross, J.B.; Cremers, D.A.

    1986-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Laser sustained discharge apparatus for the production of intense beams of high kinetic energy atomic species is described. A portion of the plasma resulting from a laser sustained continuous optical discharge which generates energetic atomic species from a gaseous source thereof is expanded through a nozzle into a region of low pressure. The expanded plasma contains a significant concentration of the high kinetic energy atomic species which may be used to investigate the interaction of surfaces therewith. In particular, O-atoms having velocities in excess of 3.5 km/s can be generated for the purpose of studying their interaction with materials in order to develop protective materials for spacecraft which are exposed to such energetic O-atoms during operation in low earth orbit.

  15. Webinar: "Upgrading Renewable and Sustainable Carbohydrates for...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    "Upgrading Renewable and Sustainable Carbohydrates for the Production of High Energy Density Fuels" Webinar: "Upgrading Renewable and Sustainable Carbohydrates for the Production...

  16. ARM Best Estimate Data (ARMBE) Products for Climate Science for a Sustainable Energy Future (CSSEF)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Riihimaki, Laura; Gaustad, Krista; McFarlane, Sally

    2014-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

    This data set was created for the Climate Science for a Sustainable Energy Future (CSSEF) model testbed project and is an extension of the hourly average ARMBE dataset to other extended facility sites and to include uncertainty estimates. Uncertainty estimates were needed in order to use uncertainty quantification (UQ) techniques with the data.

  17. Sustainable Cabbage /Crucifer Production Field Day Location: 9500 Cowpen Branch Road Hastings, FL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watson, Craig A.

    *David Dinkins--Tri-County Sustainable Agriculture Extension Agent 10:05--10:30--Weed Management Cropped on Plastic *Mark Warren--Flagler County Agriculture Extension Agent *Steven Lands--St. Johns County Agriculture Extension Agent *Doug Gergela--Research Coordinator, PWACS 12:15--1:00--Lunch

  18. ARM Best Estimate Data (ARMBE) Products for Climate Science for a Sustainable Energy Future (CSSEF)

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Riihimaki, Laura; Gaustad, Krista; McFarlane, Sally

    This data set was created for the Climate Science for a Sustainable Energy Future (CSSEF) model testbed project and is an extension of the hourly average ARMBE dataset to other extended facility sites and to include uncertainty estimates. Uncertainty estimates were needed in order to use uncertainty quantification (UQ) techniques with the data.

  19. Sustainability of the cement and concrete industries UWM Center for By-Products Utilization, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, Milwaukee, WI, USA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

    Sustainability of the cement and concrete industries T.R. Naik UWM Center for By of the most widely used construction materials in the world. However, the production of portland cement); production of one ton of portland cement produces about one ton of CO2 and other GHGs. The environmental

  20. Development of a Low Input and sustainable Switchgrass Feedstock Production System Utilizing Beneficial Bacterial Endophytes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mei, Chuansheng [IALR; Nowak, Jerzy [VPISU; Seiler, John [VPISU

    2014-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

    Switchgrass represents a promising feedstock crop for US energy sustainability. However, its broad utilization for bioenergy requires improvements of biomass yields and stress tolerance. In this DOE funded project, we have been working on harnessing beneficial bacterial endophytes to enhance switchgrass performance and to develop a low input feedstock production system for marginal lands that do not compete with the production of food crops. We have demonstrated that one of most promising plant growth-promoting bacterial endophytes, Burkholderia phytofirmans strain PsJN, is able to colonize roots and significantly promote growth of switchgrass cv. Alamo under in vitro, growth chamber, greenhouse, as well as field conditions. Furthermore, PsJN bacterization improved growth and development of switchgrass seedlings, significantly stimulated plant root and shoot growth, and tiller number in the field, and enhanced biomass accumulation on both poor (p<0.001) and rich (p<0.05) soils, with more effective stimulation of plant growth in low fertility soil. Plant physiology measurements showed that PsJN inoculated Alamo had consistently lower transpiration, lower stomatal conductance, and higher water use efficiency in greenhouse conditions. These physiological changes may significantly contribute to the recorded growth enhancement. PsJN inoculation rapidly results in an increase in photosynthetic rates which contributes to the advanced growth and development. Some evidence suggests that this initial growth advantage decreases with time when resources are not limited such as in greenhouse studies. Additionally, better drought resistance and drought hardening were observed in PsJN inoculated switchgrass. Using the DOE-funded switchgrass EST microarray, in a collaboration with the Genomics Core Facility at the Noble Foundation, we have determined gene expression profile changes in both responsive switchgrass cv. Alamo and non-responsive cv. Cave-in-Rock (CR) following PsJN bacterization. With the MapMan software to analyze microarray data, the number of up- and down-regulated probes was calculated. The number of up-regulated probes in Alamo was 26, 14, 14, and 12% at 0.5, 2, 4 and 8 days after inoculation (DAI) with PsJN, respectively while the corresponding number in CR was 24, 22, 21, and 19%, respectively. In both cultivars, the largest number of up-regulated probes occurred at 0.5 DAI. Noticeable differences throughout the timeframe between Alamo and CR were that the number was dramatically decreased to half (12%) in Alamo but remained high in CR (approximately 20%). The number of down regulated genes demonstrated different trends in Alamo and CR. Alamo had an increasing trend from 9% at 0.5 DAI to 11, 17, and 28% at 2, 4, and 8 DAI, respectively. However, CR had 13% at 0.5 and 2 DAI, and declined to 10% at 4 and 8 DAI. With the aid of MapMan and PageMan, we mapped the response of the ID probes to the observed major gene regulatory network and major biosynthetic pathway changes associated with the beneficial bacterial endophyte infection, colonization, and early growth promotion process. We found significant differences in gene expression patterns between responsive and non-responsive cultivars in many pathways, including redox state regulation, signaling, proteolysis, transcription factors, as well as hormone (SA and JA in particular)-associated pathways. Form microarray data, a total of 50 key genes have been verified using qPCR. Ten of these genes were chosen for further functional study via either overexpression and/or RNAi knockout technologies. These genes were calmodulin-related calcium sensor protein (CAM), glutathione S-transferase (GST), histidine-containing phosphotransfer protein (H-221), 3 different zinc finger proteins (ZF-371, ZF131 and ZF242), EF hand transcription factor (EF-622), peroxidase, cellulose synthase catalytic submit A2 (CESA2), and Aux/IAA family. A total of 8 overexpression and 5 RNAi transgenic plants have been regenerated, and their gene expression levels determined using qPCR. Consequently

  1. Sustainability and Horticulture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weiblen, George D

    N2O CH4 CO2 CO2 Sustainability and Horticulture: Examples from Tree Fruit Production David Granatstein WSU-Center for Sustaining Agriculture and Natural Resources Wenatchee, WA USA Kermit Olsen Lecture, St. Paul, MN, March 21, 2012 Yakima Valley #12;#12;CH4 Outline What is `sustainability' ? Global

  2. Petroleum production at maximum efficient rate, Naval Petroleum Reserve No. 1 (Elk Hills), Kern County, California. Draft Supplement to the 1979 Final Environmental Impact Statement

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The proposed action involves the continued operation of the Naval Petroleum Reserve No. 1 (NPR-1) at the Maximum Efficiency Rate (MER) through the year approximately 2025 in accordance with the requirements of the Naval Petroleum Reserves Production Act of 1976 (P.L. 94-258). NPR-1 is a large oil and gas field comprising 74 square miles. MER production primarily includes continued operation and maintenance of existing facilities; a well drilling and abandonment program; construction and operation of future gas processing, gas compression, and steamflood, waterflood, cogeneration, and butane isomerization facilities; and continued implementation of a comprehensive environmental protection program. The basis for the draft environment impact statement (DSEIS) proposed action is the April 1989 NPR-1 Long Range Plan which describes a myriad of planned operational, maintenance, and development activities over the next 25--30 years. These activities include the continued operation of existing facilities; additional well drilling; expanded steamflood operations; expanded waterflood programs; expanded gas compression, gas lift, gas processing and gas injection; construction of a new cogeneration facility; construction of a new isobutane facility; and a comprehensive environmental program designed to minimize environmental impacts.

  3. Petroleum production at Maximum Efficient Rate Naval Petroleum Reserve No. 1 (Elk Hills), Kern County, California. Final Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This document provides an analysis of the potential impacts associated with the proposed action, which is continued operation of Naval Petroleum Reserve No. I (NPR-1) at the Maximum Efficient Rate (MER) as authorized by Public law 94-258, the Naval Petroleum Reserves Production Act of 1976 (Act). The document also provides a similar analysis of alternatives to the proposed action, which also involve continued operations, but under lower development scenarios and lower rates of production. NPR-1 is a large oil and gas field jointly owned and operated by the federal government and Chevron U.SA Inc. (CUSA) pursuant to a Unit Plan Contract that became effective in 1944; the government`s interest is approximately 78% and CUSA`s interest is approximately 22%. The government`s interest is under the jurisdiction of the United States Department of Energy (DOE). The facility is approximately 17,409 acres (74 square miles), and it is located in Kern County, California, about 25 miles southwest of Bakersfield and 100 miles north of Los Angeles in the south central portion of the state. The environmental analysis presented herein is a supplement to the NPR-1 Final Environmental Impact Statement of that was issued by DOE in 1979 (1979 EIS). As such, this document is a Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement (SEIS).

  4. Land-Use Analysis of Croplands for Sustainable Food and Energy Production in the United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zumkehr, Andrew Lee

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    without the use of fossil fuel energy. Examining seasonalof renewable energy as the longevity of fossil fuel reservessuch energy production can completely replace fossil fuels.

  5. Datacenter Sustainability Page 1 Sustainability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chaudhuri, Surajit

    Datacenter Sustainability Page 1 Datacenter Sustainability #12;Datacenter Sustainability Page 2 sustainability imperative and how advanced technologies, smart business practices, and strategic partnerships are helping us reduce our impact on the environment. Also learn how our investments in efficient, sustainable

  6. Sustaining the Productivity and Function of Intensively Managed Forests - Final Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Burger, James A.; Xu, Yi-Jun

    2001-03-23T23:59:59.000Z

    The main goal of this study is to ensure sustainable management of wetland forests in the southeastern United States. The study is projected to measure soil, hydrology, and forest responses to several management scenarios across a complete forest cycle. From August 1997 to August 2000 the study has received funding as one of the Agenda 2020 projects, from the U.S. Department of Energy (Cooperative Agreement Number DE-FC07-97ID13551), the National Council of the Paper Industry for Air and Stream Improvement, and Westvac Corporation. Quarterly progress reports were submitted regularly to the Department and all project participants. This final report summarizes the project results and progress achieved during this 3-year period. Over the past three years all research objectives planned for this project were completed.

  7. Software-based tool path evaluation for environmental sustainability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    KONG, DAEYOUNG; Seungchoun Choi; Yusuke Yasui; Sushrut Pavanaskar; Dornfeld, David; Wright, Paul

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    productivity, while the sustainability and energy ef?ciencyof sustainability of a tool path (i.e. energy consumption

  8. Exergy sustainability.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Robinett, Rush D. III (.; ); Wilson, David Gerald; Reed, Alfred W.

    2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Exergy is the elixir of life. Exergy is that portion of energy available to do work. Elixir is defined as a substance held capable of prolonging life indefinitely, which implies sustainability of life. In terms of mathematics and engineering, exergy sustainability is defined as the continuous compensation of irreversible entropy production in an open system with an impedance and capacity-matched persistent exergy source. Irreversible and nonequilibrium thermodynamic concepts are combined with self-organizing systems theories as well as nonlinear control and stability analyses to explain this definition. In particular, this paper provides a missing link in the analysis of self-organizing systems: a tie between irreversible thermodynamics and Hamiltonian systems. As a result of this work, the concept of ''on the edge of chaos'' is formulated as a set of necessary and sufficient conditions for stability and performance of sustainable systems. This interplay between exergy rate and irreversible entropy production rate can be described as Yin and Yang control: the dialectic synthesis of opposing power flows. In addition, exergy is shown to be a fundamental driver and necessary input for sustainable systems, since exergy input in the form of power is a single point of failure for self-organizing, adaptable systems.

  9. Dynamics of production of iodine atoms by dissociation of iodides in a pulsed self-sustained discharge

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vagin, Nikolai P; Kochetov, Igor' V; Napartovich, A P; Yuryshev, Nikolai N

    2013-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Absorption at the laser transition has been used for the first time to assess the evolution of concentration of iodine atoms in a pulsed self-sustained discharge in mixtures of iodides with a buffer gas such as molecular nitrogen and helium. Dynamics of the iodine atom production is studied by the method of absorption spectroscopy. The dissociation of C{sub n}F{sub 2n+1}I and CnH{sub 2n+1}I (n = 1, 2) iodides is investigated. The energy required to produce atomic iodine is evaluated. The experimental data obtained for CF{sub 3}I are compared with the results of numerical simulations, their reasonable agreement being demonstrated. (active media)

  10. Change management, production ramp up and the sustainable supply chain in the transportation industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fortin, Sean (Sean Dubé)

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The ramp up phase is always the most risky part of any project, especially with a product material the company and its partners have very little experience with. One result of this lack of experience is frequent engineering ...

  11. From Product End-of-Life Sustainable Considerations to Design Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    in terms of Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions, for instance, the world sources institute reported in 2005: reuse, recycle, remanufacture or dispose (landfill or incineration) and their impact during product

  12. Optimizing Feedstock Logistics and Assessment of Hydrologic Impacts for Sustainable Bio-Energy Production 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ha, Mi-Ae 1979-

    2012-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

    effective system to convert biomass from agricultural feedstocks to bio-crude oil. Mobile pyrolysis units could be moved to the feedstock production fields thereby greatly simplifying feedstock logistics. In the North Central (NC) region of the U...

  13. Sustainable Scientists

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mills, Evan

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Exascale for Energy, Ecological Sustainability and Globalrating energy efficiency and other sustainability features,of sustainability often do so in highly energy- intensive

  14. ASSET Minor Sustainable

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    solutions. · PV practicum Disassemble and study a product powered with solar cells in our productASSET Minor Sustainable Design Engineering Sustainable Science, Engineering and Technology (ASSET). Well-known projects of the ASSET institute are the Nuna solar cars, the Superbus and the Laddermill

  15. Developing a method for elaboration the scenarios related with sustainable products lifecycle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alhomsi, Hayder

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This article aims at presenting our objective that is to use DfD rules earlier during the design process. Indeed, during the conceptual design phase, designers don't have simple qualitative tools or methods to evaluate their products. There are guidelines that are very useful in a first approach to give some objectives, but there is no quantitative indicators associated to these rules to consider the disassembly aspects when the first choices are realised for the product. So we will present that to use DfD rules during the conceptual design phase, we first have: ?to identify which kind of rules can be applied when designers only have a functional representation of their product. ?to create the necessary indicators to evaluate these rules depending on designers choices. We think that this approach is usable for many DfX rules either if we only consider in this paper DfD rules.

  16. ULTRACLEAN FUELS PRODUCTION AND UTILIZATION FOR THE TWENTY-FIRST CENTURY: ADVANCES TOWARDS SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORTATION FUELS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fox, E.

    2013-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Ultraclean fuels production has become increasingly important as a method to help decrease emissions and allow the introduction of alternative feed stocks for transportation fuels. Established methods, such as Fischer-Tropsch, have seen a resurgence of interest as natural gas prices drop and existing petroleum resources require more intensive clean-up and purification to meet stringent environmental standards. This review covers some of the advances in deep desulfurization, synthesis gas conversion into fuels and feed stocks that were presented at the 245th American Chemical Society Spring Annual Meeting in New Orleans, LA in the Division of Energy and Fuels symposium on "Ultraclean Fuels Production and Utilization".

  17. Sustainable Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brierley, Andrew

    160 Sustainable Development Sustainable Development Degree options BSc or MA (Single Honours Degree) Sustainable Development Contributing Schools Biology; Chemistry; Computer Science; Geography & Geosciences in arts subjects as partner subjects within Sustainable Development, then you should apply for the MA

  18. Chemical enterprise model and decision-making framework for sustainable chemical product design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    for complying with regulations, like REACH in Europe. Initially devoted to chemists, chemicals substitution are reconsidering the products that they use and produce, under the pressure of regulations like REACH [1] and VOC: the use of renewable materials, the minimization of energy and material resources consumption

  19. Forest soil characteristics under varing tree species in East Texas: implications for sustained productivity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scott, David Andrew

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    productivity, and tree species may alter nutrient cycles within the same location and soil type through time. This study examined the influence of 33 years of sit occupancy by lobolly pine (Pinus taeda L.) and oak (Quercus spp.) plantations on forest floor mass...

  20. Forest soil characteristics under varing tree species in East Texas: implications for sustained productivity 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scott, David Andrew

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    productivity, and tree species may alter nutrient cycles within the same location and soil type through time. This study examined the influence of 33 years of sit occupancy by lobolly pine (Pinus taeda L.) and oak (Quercus spp.) plantations on forest floor mass...

  1. RESTORING SUSTAINABLE FORESTS ON APPALACHIAN MINED LANDS FOR WOOD PRODUCTS, RENEWABLE ENERGY, CARBON SEQUESTRATION, AND OTHER ECOSYSTEM SERVICES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    J. Burger; J. Galbraith; T. Fox; G. Amacher; J. Sullivan; C. Zipper

    2003-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

    The overall purpose of this project is to evaluate the biological and economic feasibility of restoring high-quality forests on mined land, and to measure carbon sequestration and wood production benefits that would be achieved from forest restoration procedures. In this quarterly report, we present a preliminary comparison of the carbon sequestration benefits for two forest types used to convert abandoned grasslands for carbon sequestration. Annual mixed hardwood benefits, based on total stand carbon volume present at the end of a given year, range from a minimum of $0/ton of carbon to a maximum of $5.26/ton of carbon (low prices). White pine benefits based on carbon volume range from a minimum of $0/ton of carbon to a maximum of $18.61/ton of carbon (high prices). The higher maximum white pine carbon payment can primarily be attributed to the fact that the shorter rotation means that payments for white pine carbon are being made on far less cumulative carbon tonnage than for that of the long-rotation hardwoods. Therefore, the payment per ton of white pine carbon needs to be higher than that of the hardwoods in order to render the conversion to white pine profitable by the end of a rotation. These carbon payments may seem appealingly low to the incentive provider. However, payments (not discounted) made over a full rotation may add up to approximately $17,493/ha for white pine (30-year rotation), and $18,820/ha for mixed hardwoods (60-year rotation). The literature suggests a range of carbon sequestration costs, from $0/ton of carbon to $120/ton of carbon, although the majority of studies suggest a cost below $50/ ton of carbon, with van Kooten et al. (2000) suggesting a cutoff cost of $20/ton of carbon sequestered. Thus, the ranges of carbon payments estimated for this study fall well within the ranges of carbon sequestration costs estimated in previous studies.

  2. Optimization Online - Efficient Heuristic Algorithms for Maximum ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. G. J. Myklebust

    2012-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

    Nov 19, 2012 ... Efficient Heuristic Algorithms for Maximum Utility Product Pricing Problems. T. G. J. Myklebust(tmyklebu ***at*** csclub.uwaterloo.ca)

  3. Proceedings: 15th International American Coal Ash Association Symposium on Management and Use of Coal Combustion Products (CCPs): Building Partnerships for Sustainability

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The theme of the symposium is ''building partnerships for sustainability.'' Topics discussed at the 15th International Symposium on Management and Use of CCPs included fundamental coal combustion product (CCP) use research, product marketing, applied research, CCP management and environmental issues, and commercial uses. There is a continuing international research interest in CCP use because of the prospects of avoiding disposal costs, reducing greenhouse gas emissions, and generating revenue from CCP sales.

  4. D i i f S t i bilit i th B ilt E i tDesigning for Sustainability in the Built Environment Exterior Facade Design for Maximum Daylighting and Solar Power

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    Facade Design for Maximum Daylighting and Solar Power GenerationGeneration A frank assessment of issues "...the art and science of daylighting is not so much about how to provide enough daylighting as how to do LIGHTING CHARACTER DUE TO DAYLIGHT VARIABILITY · PSYCHOLOGICAL BENEFITS OF· PSYCHOLOGICAL BENEFITS

  5. Promoting Sustainability Awareness through Energy Engaged Virtual Communities of Construction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Promoting Sustainability Awareness through Energy Engaged Virtual Communities of Construction to demolition. Sustainability knowledge is #12;Promoting Sustainability Awareness through Energy EngagedH@cf.ac.uk Abstract. Sustainability requires the engagement of every single constituent of the "building" product

  6. Sustainable Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brierley, Andrew

    150 Sustainable Development Sustainable Development MA or BSc (Single Honours Degree) Sustainable Sustainable Development, then you should apply for the MA degree, and students most interested in Science subjects as partner subjects within Sustainable Development should apply for the BSc degree. Subject

  7. Analyzing the Effect of Variations in Soil and Management Practices on the Sustainability of Corn Stover-Based Bioethanol Production in Mississippi

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Woli, Prem; Paz, Joel

    2011-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

    The inherent variability in corn stover productivity due to variations in soils and crop management practices might contribute to a variation in corn stover-based bioethanol sustainability. This study was carried out to examine how changes in soil types and crop management options would affect corn stover yield (CSY) and the sustainability of the stover-based ethanol production in the Delta region of Mississippi. Based on potential acreage and geographical representation, three locations were selected. Using CERES-Maize model, stover yields were simulated for several scenarios of soils and crop management options. Based on 'net energy value (NEV)' computed from CSYs, a sustainability indicator for stover-based bioethanol production was established. The effects of soils and crop management options on CSY and NEV were determined using ANOVA tests and regression analyses. Both CSY and NEV were significantly different across sandy loam, silt loam, and silty clay loam soils and also across high-, mid-, and low-yielding cultivars. With an increase in irrigation level, both CSY and NEV increased initially and decreased after reaching a peak. A third-degree polynomial relationship was found between planting date and CSY and NEV each. By moving from the lowest to the highest production scenario, values of CSY and NEV could be increased by 86 to 553%, depending on location and weather condition. The effects of variations in soils and crop management options on NEV were the same as on CSY. The NEV was positive for all scenarios, indicating that corn stover-based ethanol production system in the Delta region is sustainable.

  8. RENEWABLE ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY USING BIOMASS FROM DAIRY AND BEEF ANIMAL PRODUCTION

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    John M. Sweeten, Kalyan Annamalai

    2012-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

    ABSTRACT The Texas Panhandle is regarded as the â??Cattle Feeding Capital of the Worldâ?ť, producing 42% of the fed beef cattle in the United States within a 200-mile radius of Amarillo generating more than 5 million tons of feedlot manure /year. Apart from feedlots, the Bosque River Region in Erath County, just north of Waco, Texas with about 110,000 dairy cattle in over 250 dairies, produces 1.8 million tons of manure biomass (excreted plus bedding) per year. While the feedlot manure has been used extensively for irrigated and dry land crop production, most dairies, as well as other concentrated animal feeding operations (CAFOâ??s), the dairy farms utilize large lagoon areas to store wet animal biomass. Water runoff from these lagoons has been held responsible for the increased concentration of phosphorus and other contaminates in the Bosque River which drains into Lake Wacoâ??the primary source of potable water for Wacoâ??s 108,500 people. The concentrated animal feeding operations may lead to land, water, and air pollution if waste handling systems and storage and treatment structures are not properly managed. Manure-based biomass (MBB) has the potential to be a source of green energy at large coal-fired power plants and on smaller-scale combustion systems at or near confined animal feeding operations. Although MBB particularly cattle biomass (CB) is a low quality fuel with an inferior heat value compared to coal and other fossil fuels, the concentration of it at large animal feeding operations can make it a viable source of fuel. The overall objective of this interdisciplinary proposal is to develop environmentally benign technologies to convert low-value inventories of dairy and beef cattle biomass into renewable energy. Current research expands the suite of technologies by which cattle biomass (CB: manure, and premature mortalities) could serve as a renewable alternative to fossil fuel. The work falls into two broad categories of research and development. Category 1 â?? Renewable Energy Conversion. This category addressed mostly in volume I involves developing. Thermo-chemical conversion technologies including cofiring with coal, reburn to reduce nitrogen oxide (NO, N2O, NOx, etc.) and Hg emissions and gasification to produce low-BTU gas for on-site power production in order to extract energy from waste streams or renewable resources. Category 2 â?? Biomass Resource Technology. This category, addressed mostly in Volume II, deals with the efficient and cost-effective use of CB as a renewable energy source (e.g. through and via aqueous-phase, anaerobic digestion or biological gasification). The investigators formed an industrial advisory panel consisting fuel producers (feedlots and dairy farms) and fuel users (utilities), periodically met with them, and presented the research results; apart from serving as dissemination forum, the PIs used their critique to red-direct the research within the scope of the tasks. The final report for the 5 to 7 year project performed by an interdisciplinary team of 9 professors is arranged in three volumes: Vol. I (edited by Kalyan Annamalai) addressing thermo-chemical conversion and direct combustion under Category 1 and Vol. II and Vol. III ( edited by J M Sweeten) addressing biomass resource Technology under Category 2. Various tasks and sub-tasks addressed in Volume I were performed by the Department of Mechanical Engineering (a part of TEES; see Volume I), while other tasks and sub-tasks addressed in Volume II and IIII were conducted by Texas AgriLife Research at Amarillo; the TAMU Biological & Agricultural Engineering Department (BAEN) College Station; and West Texas A&M University (WTAMU) (Volumes II and III). The three volume report covers the following results: fuel properties of low ash and high ash CB (particularly DB) and MB (mortality biomass and coals, non-intrusive visible infrared (NVIR) spectroscopy techniques for ash determination, dairy energy use surveys at 14 dairies in Texas and Califor

  9. RENEWABLE ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY USING BIOMASS FROM DAIRY AND BEEF ANIMAL PRODUCTION

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kalyan Annamalai, John M. Sweeten,

    2012-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

    The Texas Panhandle is regarded as the 'Cattle Feeding Capital of the World', producing 42% of the fed beef cattle in the United States within a 200-mile radius of Amarillo generating more than 5 million tons of feedlot manure/year. Apart from feedlots, the Bosque River Region in Erath County, just north of Waco, Texas with about 110,000 dairy cattle in over 250 dairies, produces 1.8 million tons of manure biomass (excreted plus bedding) per year. While the feedlot manure has been used extensively for irrigated and dry land crop production, most dairies, as well as other concentrated animal feeding operations (CAFO's), the dairy farms utilize large lagoon areas to store wet animal biomass. Water runoff from these lagoons has been held responsible for the increased concentration of phosphorus and other contaminates in the Bosque River which drains into Lake Waco - the primary source of potable water for Waco's 108,500 people. The concentrated animal feeding operations may lead to land, water, and air pollution if waste handling systems and storage and treatment structures are not properly managed. Manure-based biomass (MBB) has the potential to be a source of green energy at large coal-fired power plants and on smaller-scale combustion systems at or near confined animal feeding operations. Although MBB particularly cattle biomass (CB) is a low quality fuel with an inferior heat value compared to coal and other fossil fuels, the concentration of it at large animal feeding operations can make it a viable source of fuel. The overall objective of this interdisciplinary proposal is to develop environmentally benign technologies to convert low-value inventories of dairy and beef cattle biomass into renewable energy. Current research expands the suite of technologies by which cattle biomass (CB: manure, and premature mortalities) could serve as a renewable alternative to fossil fuel. The work falls into two broad categories of research and development. Category 1 - Renewable Energy Conversion. This category addressed mostly in volume I involves developing. Thermo-chemical conversion technologies including cofiring with coal, reburn to reduce nitrogen oxide (NO, N2O, NOx, etc.) and Hg emissions and gasification to produce low-BTU gas for on-site power production in order to extract energy from waste streams or renewable resources. Category 2 - Biomass Resource Technology. This category, addressed mostly in Volume II, deals with the efficient and cost-effective use of CB as a renewable energy source (e.g. through and via aqueous-phase, anaerobic digestion or biological gasification). The investigators formed an industrial advisory panel consisting fuel producers (feedlots and dairy farms) and fuel users (utilities), periodically met with them, and presented the research results; apart from serving as dissemination forum, the PIs used their critique to red-direct the research within the scope of the tasks. The final report for the 5 to 7 year project performed by an interdisciplinary team of 9 professors is arranged in three volumes: Vol. I (edited by Kalyan Annamalai) addressing thermo-chemical conversion and direct combustion under Category 1 and Vol. II and Vol. III ( edited by J M Sweeten) addressing biomass resource Technology under Category 2. Various tasks and sub-tasks addressed in Volume I were performed by the Department of Mechanical Engineering (a part of TEES; see Volume I), while other tasks and sub-tasks addressed in Volume II and IIII were conducted by Texas AgriLife Research at Amarillo; the TAMU Biological and Agricultural Engineering Department (BAEN) College Station; and West Texas A and M University (WTAMU) (Volumes II and III). The three volume report covers the following results: fuel properties of low ash and high ash CB (particularly DB) and MB (mortality biomass) and coals, non-intrusive visible infrared (NVIR) spectroscopy techniques for ash determination, dairy energy use surveys at 14 dairies in Texas and California, cofiring of low quality CB with high quality coal, emission results and ash fouling beh

  10. RENEWABLE ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY USING BIOMASS FROM DAIRY AND BEEF ANIMAL PRODUCTION

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    John M. Sweeten, Kalyan Annamalai

    2012-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

    The Texas Panhandle is regarded as the �Cattle Feeding Capital of the World�, producing 42% of the fed beef cattle in the United States within a 200-mile radius of Amarillo generating more than 5 million tons of feedlot manure /year. Apart from feedlots, the Bosque River Region in Erath County, just north of Waco, Texas with about 110,000 dairy cattle in over 250 dairies, produces 1.8 million tons of manure biomass (excreted plus bedding) per year. While the feedlot manure has been used extensively for irrigated and dry land crop production, most dairies, as well as other concentrated animal feeding operations (CAFO�s), the dairy farms utilize large lagoon areas to store wet animal biomass. Water runoff from these lagoons has been held responsible for the increased concentration of phosphorus and other contaminates in the Bosque River which drains into Lake Waco�the primary source of potable water for Waco�s 108,500 people. The concentrated animal feeding operations may lead to land, water, and air pollution if waste handling systems and storage and treatment structures are not properly managed. Manure-based biomass (MBB) has the potential to be a source of green energy at large coal-fired power plants and on smaller-scale combustion systems at or near confined animal feeding operations. Although MBB particularly cattle biomass (CB) is a low quality fuel with an inferior heat value compared to coal and other fossil fuels, the concentration of it at large animal feeding operations can make it a viable source of fuel. The overall objective of this interdisciplinary proposal is to develop environmentally benign technologies to convert low-value inventories of dairy and beef cattle biomass into renewable energy. Current research expands the suite of technologies by which cattle biomass (CB: manure, and premature mortalities) could serve as a renewable alternative to fossil fuel. The work falls into two broad categories of research and development. Category 1 � Renewable Energy Conversion. This category addressed mostly in volume I involves developing. Thermo-chemical conversion technologies including cofiring with coal, reburn to reduce nitrogen oxide (NO, N2O, NOx, etc.) and Hg emissions and gasification to produce low-BTU gas for on-site power production in order to extract energy from waste streams or renewable resources. Category 2 � Biomass Resource Technology. This category, addressed mostly in Volume II, deals with the efficient and cost-effective use of CB as a renewable energy source (e.g. through and via aqueous-phase, anaerobic digestion or biological gasification). The investigators formed an industrial advisory panel consisting fuel producers (feedlots and dairy farms) and fuel users (utilities), periodically met with them, and presented the research results; apart from serving as dissemination forum, the PIs used their critique to red-direct the research within the scope of the tasks. The final report for the 5 to 7 year project performed by an interdisciplinary team of 9 professors is arranged in three volumes: Vol. I (edited by Kalyan Annamalai) addressing thermo-chemical conversion and direct combustion under Category 1 and Vol. II and Vol. III ( edited by J M Sweeten) addressing biomass resource Technology under Category 2. Various tasks and sub-tasks addressed in Volume I were performed by the Department of Mechanical Engineering (a part of TEES; see Volume I), while other tasks and sub-tasks addressed in Volume II and IIII were conducted by Texas AgriLife Research at Amarillo; the TAMU Biological & Agricultural Engineering Department (BAEN) College Station; and West Texas A&M University (WTAMU) (Volumes II and III). The three volume report covers the following results: fuel properties of low ash and high ash CB (particularly DB) and MB (mortality biomass and coals, non-intrusive visible infrared (NVIR) spectroscopy techniques for ash determination, dairy energy use surveys a

  11. Sustainability at BPA 2012

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    none,

    2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    BPA’s Sustainability Action Plan is grounded in our commitment to environmental stewardship and Executive Order 13514 that calls on the federal agencies to “lead by example” by setting a 2020 greenhouse gas emissions target, increasing energy efficiency; reducing fleet petroleum consumption; conserving water; reducing waste; supporting sustainable communities; and leveraging federal purchasing power to promoting environmentally responsible products and technologies.

  12. Sustainability Support

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Sustainability Support serves as a corporate technical assistance, coordination, and integration resource to support line organizations in the resolution of sustainability issues and management concerns.

  13. The Business Logic of Sustainability: Merging Economic Growth with Social Responsibility--The explosion of organic and eco-friendly products on retail store shelves and in our daily lives is more

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Davis, University of

    The Business Logic of Sustainability: Merging Economic Growth with Social Responsibility-- The explosion of organic and eco-friendly products on retail store shelves and in our daily lives is more than and sustainability marketing present unique challenges, not the least of which is the lack of standards

  14. SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN KAZAKHASTAN: USING OIL AND GAS PRODUCTION BY-PRODUCT SULFUR FOR COST-EFFECTIVE SECONDARY END-USE PRODUCTS.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    KALB, P.D.; VAGIN, S.; BEALL, P.W.; LEVINTOV, B.L.

    2004-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

    The Republic of Kazakhstan is continuing to develop its extensive petroleum reserves in the Tengiz region of the northeastern part of the Caspian Sea. Large quantities of by-product sulfur are being produced as a result of the removal of hydrogen sulfide from the oil and gas produced in the region. Lack of local markets and economic considerations limit the traditional outlets for by-product sulfur and the buildup of excess sulfur is a becoming a potential economic and environmental liability. Thus, new applications for re-use of by-product sulfur that will benefit regional economies including construction, paving and waste treatment are being developed. One promising application involves the cleanup and treatment of mercury at a Kazakhstan chemical plant. During 19 years of operation at the Pavlodar Khimprom chlor-alkali production facility, over 900 tons of mercury was lost to the soil surrounding and beneath the buildings. The Institute of Metallurgy and Ore Benefication (Almaty) is leading a team to develop and demonstrate a vacuum-assisted thermal process to extract the mercury from the soil and concentrate it as pure, elemental mercury, which will then be treated using the Sulfur Polymer Stabilization/Solidification (SPSS) process. The use of locally produced sulfur will recycle a low-value industrial by-product to treat hazardous waste and render it safe for return to the environment, thereby helping to solve two problems at once. SPSS chemically stabilizes mercury to mercuric sulfide, which has a low vapor pressure and low solubility, and then physically encapsulates the material in a durable, monolithic solid sulfur polymer matrix. Thus, mercury is placed in a solid form very much like stable cinnabar, the form in which it is found in nature. Previous research and development has shown that the process can successfully encapsulate up to 33 wt% mercury in the solid form, while still meeting very strict regulatory standards for leachable mercury (0.025 mg/l in the Toxicity Characteristic Leaching Procedure). The research and development to deploy Kazakhstan recycled sulfur for secondary applications described in this paper is being conducted with support from the International Science and Technology Center (ISTC) and the U.S. Department of Energy Initiatives for Proliferation Prevention (DOE IPP).

  15. SustainabilityStudies sustainability@uci.edu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rose, Michael R.

    SustainabilityStudies sustainability@uci.edu Sustainable Business Management Certificate Program in the sustainability field, such as managers, directors, architects, urban planners, landscape architects, designers opportunities and risks while minimizing potential liability. extension.uci.edu/sustainability Sustainable

  16. MELE: Maximum Entropy Leuven Estimators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris, Quirino

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of the Generalized Maximum Entropy Estimator of the Generaland Douglas Miller, Maximum Entropy Econometrics, Wiley andCalifornia Davis MELE: Maximum Entropy Leuven Estimators by

  17. Departmental Sustainability

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2011-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

    The order defines requirements and responsibilities for managing sustainability DOE to ensure that the Department carries out its missions in a sustainable manner that addresses national energy security and global environmental challenges, and advances sustainable, efficient and reliable energy for the future; institute wholesale cultural change to factor sustainability and greenhouse gas (GHG) reductions into all DOE corporate management decisions; and ensure that DOE achieves the sustainability goals established in its Strategic Sustainability Performance Plan. Cancels DOE O 450.1A and DOE O 430.2B

  18. Maximum Parsimony and Maximum Likelihood Methods Comparisons and Bootstrap Tests

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qiu, Weigang

    Maximum Parsimony and Maximum Likelihood Methods Comparisons and Bootstrap Tests Character Likelihood Methods Comparisons and Bootstrap Tests Character Reconstruction PHYLIP and T-REX Exercises Outline 1 Maximum Parsimony and Maximum Likelihood 2 Methods Comparisons and Bootstrap Tests 3 Character

  19. A Blueprint for Urban Sustainability: Integrating Sustainable...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    A Blueprint for Urban Sustainability: Integrating Sustainable Energy Practices into Metropolitan Planning, May 2004 A Blueprint for Urban Sustainability: Integrating Sustainable...

  20. Blueprint for Sustainability - Sustainable Solutions for Every...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Blueprint for Sustainability - Sustainable Solutions for Every Consumer Blueprint for Sustainability - Sustainable Solutions for Every Consumer Highlights of Ford's near, mid, and...

  1. Maximum Entropy Correlated Equilibria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ortiz, Luis E.

    2006-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

    We study maximum entropy correlated equilibria in (multi-player)games and provide two gradient-based algorithms that are guaranteedto converge to such equilibria. Although we do not provideconvergence rates for these ...

  2. 8th Global Conference on Sustainable Manufacturing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berlin,Technische Universität

    8th Global Conference on Sustainable Manufacturing Architecture for Sustainable Engineering to competent partners in the global village. Sustainability engineering has evolved as a means to meet mankind, Germany Co-Chairman Prof. Dr. N. Ibrahim Abu Dhabi University, UAE for a sustainable product and process

  3. EIS-0012: Petroleum Production at Maximum Efficient Rate, Naval Petroleum Reserve #1, Elk Hills, Kern County, California (also see EA-0261, EA-0334, and EIS-0158-S)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The U.S. Department of Energy prepared this statement to evaluate the environmental impacts of increasing petroleum production, and of additional or expanded operational facilities, at Elk Hills from 160,000 barrels per day up to 240,000 barrels per day.

  4. Living Sustainably

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Milbrath, Lester W.

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    sustainable society does something more than keep people alive; livingsustainable modes of behavior that also lead to quality in living.

  5. SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van der Torre, Leon

    Report on SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT 2 0 1 1 ­ 2 0 1 2 ISCN-GULF Charter Report #12;3 1. FACILITIES with projects of our University's Cell for Sustainable Development; it also presents evidence for steady alike. THIS REPORT This is the second report on sustainable development at the University of Luxembourg

  6. Metropolitan Accessibility and Transportation Sustainability:Sustainability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Papalambros, Panos

    Metropolitan Accessibility and Transportation Sustainability:Sustainability: Comparative Reduce (fulfillment of)Promote Sustainability: Meet needs of (fulfillment of) needs present Institute SMART Sustainable Mobility and Accessibility Research andSMART Sustainable Mobility

  7. SUSTAINABLE A university for sustainable development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johannesson, Henrik

    THE SUSTAINABLE UNIVERSITY #12;A university for sustainable development The University. The University of Gothenburg believes the future is important. We want to ensure sustainable development universities in Europe for research and education in sustainable development. Sustainable education

  8. SUSTAINABLE A university for sustainable development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johannesson, Henrik

    THE SUSTAINABLE UNIVERSITY #12;A university for sustainable development The University contribution to a sustainable future. By systematically integrating sustainable development into research. The University of Gothenburg's Vision 2020 confirms that sustainable development is important; we always consider

  9. Achieving and sustaining an optimal product portfolio in the healthcare industry through SKU rationalization, complexity costing, and dashboards

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hilliard, David (David John)

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    After years of new product launches, and entry into emerging markets, Company X, a healthcare company, has seen its product portfolio proliferate and bring costly complexity into its operations. Today, Company X seeks to ...

  10. Sustainable MSD prevention: management for continuous improvement between prevention and production. Ergonomic intervention in two assembly line companies.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    to the development of production management systems: Kaizen, one piece flow, Kanban, etc. The aim of such systems

  11. Biofuels, land and water : a systems approach to sustainability.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gopalakrishnan, G.; Negri, M. C.; Wang, M.; Wu, M.; Snyder, S. W.; LaFreniere, L.

    2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    There is a strong societal need to evaluate and understand the sustainability of biofuels, especially because of the significant increases in production mandated by many countries, including the United States. Sustainability will be a strong factor in the regulatory environment and investments in biofuels. Biomass feedstock production is an important contributor to environmental, social, and economic impacts from biofuels. This study presents a systems approach where the agricultural, energy, and environmental sectors are considered as components of a single system, and environmental liabilities are used as recoverable resources for biomass feedstock production. We focus on efficient use of land and water resources. We conducted a spatial analysis evaluating marginal land and degraded water resources to improve feedstock productivity with concomitant environmental restoration for the state of Nebraska. Results indicate that utilizing marginal land resources such as riparian and roadway buffer strips, brownfield sites, and marginal agricultural land could produce enough feedstocks to meet a maximum of 22% of the energy requirements of the state compared to the current supply of 2%. Degraded water resources such as nitrate-contaminated groundwater and wastewater were evaluated as sources of nutrients and water to improve feedstock productivity. Spatial overlap between degraded water and marginal land resources was found to be as high as 96% and could maintain sustainable feedstock production on marginal lands. Other benefits of implementing this strategy include feedstock intensification to decrease biomass transportation costs, restoration of contaminated water resources, and mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions.

  12. Evaluating the potential use of winter cover crops in cornsoybean systems for sustainable co-production of food and fuel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    in displacement of grain crops with dedicated bioenergy crops such as switch grass, miscanthus, and hybrid poplar. Meeting the ambitious goals that have been set for bioenergy production without impacting food production, specifically that by displacing food production it will lead to higher food prices, increased incidence

  13. MMMaaattteeerrriiiaaalllsss SSSeeemmmiiinnnaaarrr Support of Sustainable Energy Research by the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MMMaaattteeerrriiiaaalllsss SSSeeemmmiiinnnaaarrr Support of Sustainable Energy Research by the National Science Foundation Gregory Rorrer Energy for Sustainability Program National Science Foundation Abstract Achieving sustainable production of energy is one of the grand challenges of the 21st century

  14. Venice Sustainability Advisory Panel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Venice Sustainability Advisory PanelFINAL REPORT Venice Sustainability Advisory Panel FinalInvestigator The Venice Sustainability Advisory Panel (

  15. Environmental Sustainability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    50 ERM40450 Impact Assessment Procedures 51 ENVB4XXXX* Environmental Legislation 54 ENVB40410Environmental Sustainability Distance Learning Masters in Science Graduate Diploma & Certificate #12;Prospectus for Environmental Sustainability: Distance Learning 2013-2014 2 CONTENTS 1.0 FOREWORD 5

  16. sustainable environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    sustainable resource management environment fisheries aquaculture Cefas capability statement #12 that they can manage their environments and resources in a responsible, effective and sustainable manner. Our costs · Understand, assess and develop opportunities in the short, medium and long-term · Build

  17. Campus Sustainability Goals Energy & Climate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jacobs, Lucia

    Campus Sustainability Goals Energy & Climate By 2014, reduce greenhouse gas emissions to 1990 use to 10% below 2008 levels by 2020. Built Environment Design future projects to minimize energy and water consumption and wastewater production; incorporate sustainable design principles into capital

  18. Sustainability Performance Office | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Sustainability Performance Office Sustainability Performance Office Sustainability Performance Office Sustainability Performance Office Sustainability Performance Office...

  19. university-logo Maximum likelihood

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCullagh, Peter

    university-logo Maximum likelihood Applications and examples REML and residual likelihood Peter McCullagh REML #12;university-logo Maximum likelihood Applications and examples JAN: Some personal remarks... IC #12;university-logo Maximum likelihood Applications and examples Outline 1 Maximum likelihood REML

  20. Science Serving Sustainability

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Buildings Greening Transportation Green Purchasing & Green Technology Pollution Prevention Science Serving Sustainability ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY GOALS at...

  1. Life Cycle Cost Housing Need and Sustainability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Life Cycle Cost Housing Need and Sustainability Abstract: Jordan is actually facing a rapid urban became difficult to sustain especially concerning the slum areas and the environmental pollution due which could contribute to increase the productivity and sustainability taking into consideration

  2. ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    27 ICT AND ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY T he environment is a large complex sys- tem. Managing. Environmental Monitoring and Associated Resource Management and Risk Mitigation ICTimprovestheabilitytoobtain,storeandinte- grate large volumes of environmental data and to conductsimulationandanalysisinrealtime

  3. Multiscale Assessment of Wildlife Sustainability in Switchgrass...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Multiscale Assessment of Wildlife Sustainability in Switchgrass Biofuel Feedstock Production Jun 29 2015 03:30 PM - 04:30 PM Chris Lituma, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville...

  4. Report Explains How Bioenergy Supports Global Sustainability...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    productivity and environmental health, and provides a vision for sustainably reducing poverty and reliance on dwindling fossil resources. BETO funding supports researchers from...

  5. Sustainabiliity Sustainability Plan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heller, Barbara

    Sustainabiliity IIT Campus Sustainability Plan 2010­2020 Published Fall Semester 2010 www.iit.edu/campus_sustainability #12;IIT Campus Sustainability Plan 2010-2020 Fall Semester 2010 1 Section I: Background Sustainability ...................................................................................................................................................................8 IIT Academic Entities on Sustainability

  6. RESTORING SUSTAINABLE FORESTS ON APPALACHIAN MINED LANDS FOR WOOD PRODUCTS, RENEWABLE ENERGY, CARBON SEQUESTRATION, AND OTHER ECOSYSTEM SERVICES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jonathan Aggett

    2003-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The overall purpose of this project is to evaluate the biological and economic feasibility of restoring high-quality forests on mined land, and to measure carbon sequestration and wood production benefits that would be achieved from forest restoration procedures. In this segment of work, our goal was to review methods for estimating tree survival, growth, yield and value of forests growing on surface mined land in the eastern coalfields of the USA, and to determine the extent to which carbon sequestration is influenced by these factors. Public Law 95-87, the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 (SMCRA), mandates that mined land be reclaimed in a fashion that renders the land at least as productive after mining as it was before mining. In the central Appalachian region, where prime farmland and economic development opportunities for mined land are scarce, the most practical land use choices are hayland/pasture, wildlife habitat, or forest land. Since 1977, the majority of mined land has been reclaimed as hayland/pasture or wildlife habitat, which is less expensive to reclaim than forest land, since there are no tree planting costs. As a result, there are now hundreds of thousands of hectares of grasslands and scrublands in various stages of natural succession located throughout otherwise forested mountains in the U.S. A literature review was done to develop the basis for an economic feasibility study of a range of land-use conversion scenarios. Procedures were developed for both mixed hardwoods and white pine under a set of low product prices and under a set of high product prices. Economic feasibility is based on land expectation values. Further, our review shows that three types of incentive schemes might be important: (1) lump sum payment at planting (and equivalent series of annual payments); (2) revenue incentive at harvest; and (3) benefit based on carbon volume.

  7. Sustainability Framework 1 Queen's University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abolmaesumi, Purang

    Sustainability Framework 1 Queen's University Sustainability Strategic Framework #12;Sustainability Framework 2 Contents Introduction .................................................................................................................................................. 2 Queen's Sustainability Mission

  8. Commitment to Sustainability "When I became CEO last year, I said that

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    End of Life Manufacturing Product · EDLC · Quality · Lower Risk · Environmental · Social What is Sustainable

  9. RESTORING SUSTAINABLE FORESTS ON APPALACHIAN MINED LANDS FOR WOOD PRODUCTS, RENEWABLE ENERGY, CARBON SEQUESTRATION, AND OTHER ECOSYSTEM SERVICES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dr. James A. Burger

    2002-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

    This is the first quarterly Technical Report for the period October-December, 2003. A kick-off meeting was held with NETL administrators and scientists at Morgantown, WV, on December 2, 2002. The purpose of this project is to evaluate the biological and economic feasibility of restoring high-quality forests on mined land, and to measure carbon sequestration and wood production benefits that would be achieved from forest restoration procedures. During this first quarterly reporting period, five Graduate Research Assistants were recruited, an MOA was drafted between Virginia Tech and three industry cooperators, preliminary field locations for controlled studies were located, and a preliminary analysis of a carbon inventory of forest sites on mined land was made.

  10. Agriculture - Sustainable biofuels Redux

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Robertson, G. Phillip [W.K. Kellogg Biological Station and Great Lakes Bioenergy Research; Dale, Virginia H [ORNL; Doering, Otto C. [Purdue University; Hamburg, Steven P [Brown University; Melillo, Jerry M [ORNL; Wander, Michele M [University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign; Parton, William [Colorado State University, Fort Collins

    2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Last May's passage of the 2008 Farm Bill raises the stakes for biofuel sustainability: A substantial subsidy for the production of cellulosic ethanol starts the United States again down a path with uncertain environmental consequences. This time, however, the subsidy is for both the refiners ($1.01 per gallon) and the growers ($45 per ton of biomass), which will rapidly accelerate adoption and place hard-to-manage pressures on efforts to design and implement sustainable production practices - as will a 2007 legislative mandate for 16 billion gallons of cellulosic ethanol per year by 2022. Similar directives elsewhere, e.g., the European Union's mandate that 10% of all transport fuel in Europe be from renewable sources by 2020, make this a global issue. The European Union's current reconsideration of this target places even more emphasis on cellulosic feedstocks (1). The need for knowledge- and science-based policy is urgent. Biofuel sustainability has environmental, economic, and social facets that all interconnect. Tradeoffs among them vary widely by types of fuels and where they are grown and, thus, need to be explicitly considered by using a framework that allows the outcomes of alternative systems to be consistently evaluated and compared. A cellulosic biofuels industry could have many positive social and environmental attributes, but it could also suffer from many of the sustainability issues that hobble grain-based biofuels, if not implemented the right way.

  11. ucsf sustainability healthy environment, sustainable future

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yamamoto, Keith

    ucsf sustainability healthy environment, sustainable future UC SAN FRANCISCO ANNUAL REPORT FY 2009-2010 Annual Report of the Chancellor's Advisory Committee on Sustainability #12;TABLE OF CONTENTS Executive Summary 1 UCSF Sustainability Governance 3 Table 1: CACS Members 4 Figure 1: UCSF Sustainability

  12. RESTORING SUSTAINABLE FORESTS ON APPALACHIAN MINED LANDS FOR WOOD PRODUCTS, RENEWABLE ENERGY, CARBON SEQUESTRATION, AND OTHER ECOSYSTEM SERVICES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    James A. Burger; J. Galbraith; T. Fox; G. Amacher; J. Sullivan; C. Zipper

    2005-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The overall purpose of this project is to evaluate the biological and economic feasibility of restoring high-quality forests on mined land, and to measure carbon sequestration and wood production benefits that would be achieved from forest restoration procedures. During the reporting period (October-December 2004) we completed the validation of a forest productivity classification model for mined land. A coefficient of determination (R{sup 2}) of 0.68 confirms the model's ability to predict SI based on a selection of mine soil properties. To determine carbon sequestration under different forest management scenarios, a field study was installed as a 3 x 3 factorial in a random complete block design with three replications at each of three locations, Ohio (Figure 1), West Virginia (Figure 2), and Virginia (Figure 3). The treatments included three forest types (white pine, hybrid poplar, mixed hardwood) and three silvicultural regimes (competition control, competition control plus tillage, competition control plus tillage plus fertilization). For hybrid poplar, total plant biomass differences increased significantly with the intensity of silvicultural input. Root, stem, and foliage biomass also increased with the level of silvicultural intensity. Financial feasibility analyses of reforestation on mined lands previously reclaimed to grassland have been completed for conversion to white pine and mixed hardwood species. Examination of potential policy instruments for promoting financial feasibility also have been completed, including lump sum payments at time of conversion, annual payments through the life of the stand, and payments based on carbon sequestration that provide both minimal profitability and fully offset initial reforestation outlays. We have compiled a database containing mine permit information obtained from permitting agencies in Virginia, West Virginia, Pennsylvania, Ohio, and Kentucky. Due to differences and irregularities in permitting procedures between states, we found it necessary to utilize an alternative method to determine mined land acreages in the Appalachian region. We have initiated a proof of concept study, focused in the State of Ohio, to determine the feasibility of using images from the Landsat Thematic Mapper (TM) and/or Enhanced Thematic Mapper Plus (ETM+) to accurately identify mined lands.

  13. Review: Hijacking Sustainability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Antonelli, Monika

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    addressing the attack on sustainability, Sharon Beder’s 2002Review: Hijacking Sustainability By Adrian Parr Reviewed byParr, Adrian. Hijacking Sustainability. Cambridge, MA: MIT

  14. Sustainability and Transport

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilbert, Richard

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2005. Integrating Sustainability into the Trans- portationTHOUGHT PIECE Sustainability and Transport by Richardof the concept of sustainability to transport planning. In

  15. Ecosystems and Sustainable Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tufford, Dan

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Ecosystems and Sustainable Development Editors: J.L. Uso,Ecosystems and Sustainable Development. Southhampton, UK:ISBN: 1-85312-502-4. Sustainable development research is a

  16. Psychology of Sustainable Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Milfont, Taciano Lemos

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    to achieve sustainable development: economic, environmental,Psychology of Sustainable Development By Peter Schmuck andPsychology of Sustainable Development. Norwell, MA: Kluwer

  17. Active stewardship: sustainable future

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Active stewardship: sustainable future Active stewardship: sustainable future Energy sustainability is a daunting task: How do we develop top-notch innovations with some of the...

  18. Psychology of Sustainable Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Milfont, Taciano Lemos

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    to achieve sustainable development: economic, environmental,out historical aspects of sustainable development and itsPsychology of Sustainable Development By Peter Schmuck and

  19. Ecosystems and Sustainable Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tufford, Dan

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Review: Ecosystems and Sustainable Development Editors: J.L.Ecosystems and Sustainable Development. Southhampton, UK:as well. Ecosystems and Sustainable Development is a strong

  20. Restoring Sustainable Forests on Appalachian Mined Lands for Wood Products, Renewable Energy, Carbon Sequestration, and Other Ecosystem Services

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Burger, James A

    2005-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

    The overall purpose of this project is to evaluate the biological and economic feasibility of restoring high-quality forests on mined land, and to measure carbon sequestration and wood production benefits that would be achieved from forest restoration procedures. We are currently estimating the acreage of lands in Virginia, West Virginia, Kentucky, Ohio, and Pennsylvania mined under SMCRA and reclaimed to non-forested post-mining land uses that are not currently under active management, and therefore can be considered as available for carbon sequestration. To determine actual sequestration under different forest management scenarios, a field study was installed as a 3 x 3 factorial in a random complete block design with three replications at each of three locations, one each in Ohio, West Virginia, and Virginia. The treatments included three forest types (white pine, hybrid poplar, mixed hardwood) and three silvicultural regimes (competition control, competition control plus tillage, competition control plus tillage plus fertilization). Each individual treatment plot is 0.5 acres. Each block of nine plots is 4.5 acres, and the complete installation at each site is 13.5 acres. During the reporting period we determined that by grinding the soil samples to a finer particle size of less than 250 ?m (sieve No. 60), the effect of mine soil coal particle size on the extent to which these particles will be oxidized during the thermal treatment of the carbon partitioning procedure will be eliminated, thus making the procedure more accurate and precise. In the second phase of the carbon sequestration project, we focused our attention on determining the sample size required for carbon accounting on grassland mined fields in order to achieve a desired accuracy and precision of the final soil organic carbon (SOC) estimate. A mine land site quality classification scheme was developed and some field-testing of the methods of implementation was completed. The classification model has been validated for softwoods (white pine) on several reclaimed mine sites in the southern Appalachian coal region. The classification model is a viable method for classifying post-SMCRA abandoned mined lands into productivity classes for white pine. A thinning study was established as a random complete block design to evaluate the response to thinning of a 26-year-old white pine stand growing on a reclaimed surface mine in southwest Virginia. Stand parameters were projected to age 30 using a stand table projection. Site index of the stand was found to be 32.3 m at base age 50 years. Thinning rapidly increased the diameter growth of the residual trees to 0.84 cm yr{sup -1} compared to 0.58 cm yr{sup -1} for the unthinned treatment; however, at age 26, there was no difference in volume or value per hectare. At age 30, the unthinned treatment had a volume of 457.1 m{sup 3} ha{sup -1} but was only worth $8807 ha{sup -1}, while the thinned treatment was projected to have 465.8 m{sup 3} ha{sup -1}, which was worth $11265 ha{sup -1} due to a larger percentage of the volume being in sawtimber size classes.

  1. RESTORING SUSTAINABLE FORESTS ON APPALACHIAN MINED LANDS FOR WOOD PRODUCTS, RENEWABLE ENERGY, CARBON SEQUESTRATION, AND OTHER ECOSYSTEM SERVICES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    J. Burger; J. Galbraith; T. Fox; G. Amacher; J. Sullivan; C. Zipper

    2004-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

    The overall purpose of this project is to evaluate the biological and economic feasibility of restoring high-quality forests on mined land, and to measure carbon sequestration and wood production benefits that would be achieved from forest restoration procedures. In this quarterly report, we present a preliminary comparison of the carbon sequestration potential of forests growing on 14 mined sites in a seven-state region in the Midwestern and Eastern Coalfields. Carbon contents of these forests were compared to adjacent forests on non-mined land. The study was installed as a 3 x 3 factorial in a random complete block design with three replications at each location. The treatments include three forest types (white pine, hybrid poplar, mixed hardwood) and three silvicultural regimes (competition control, competition control plus tillage, competition control plus tillage plus fertilization). Each individual treatment plot is 0.5 acres. Each block of nine plots requires 4.5 acres, and the complete installation at each site requires 13.5 acres. The plots at all three locations have been installed and the plot corners marked with PVC stakes. GPS coordinates of each plot have been collected. Soil samples were collected from each plot to characterize the sites prior to treatment. Analysis of soil samples was completed and these data are being used to prepare fertilizer prescriptions. Fertilizer prescripts will be developed for each site. Fertilizer will be applied during the second quarter 2004. Data are included as appendices in this report. As part of our economic analysis of mined land reforestation, we focused on the implications of a shift in reforestation burden from the landowner to the mine operator. Results suggest that the reforestation of mined lands as part of the mining operation creates a viable and profitable forest enterprise for landowners with greater potential for carbon sequestration.

  2. Restoring Sustainable Forests on Appalachian Mined Lands for Wood Product, Renewable Energy, Carbon Sequestration, and Other Ecosystem Services

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Burger, James A

    2006-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Concentrations of CO{sub 2} in the Earth’s atmosphere have increased dramatically in the past 100 years due to deforestation, land use change, and fossil fuel combustion. These humancaused, higher levels of CO{sub 2} may enhance the atmospheric greenhouse effect and may contribute to climate change. Many reclaimed coal-surface mine areas in the eastern U.S. are not in productive use. Reforestation of these lands could provide societal benefits, including sequestration of atmospheric carbon. The goal of this project was to determine the biological and economic feasibility of restoring high-quality forests on the tens of thousands of hectares of mined land and to measure carbon sequestration and wood production benefits that would be achieved from large-scale application of forest restoration procedures. We developed a mine soil quality model that can be used to estimate the suitability of selected mined sites for carbon sequestration projects. Across the mine soil quality gradient, we tested survival and growth performance of three species assemblages under three levels of silvicultural. Hardwood species survived well in WV and VA, and survived better than the other species used in OH, while white pine had the poorest survival of all species at all sites. Survival was particularly good for the site-specific hardwoods planted at each site. Weed control plus tillage may be the optimum treatment for hardwoods and white pine, as any increased growth resulting from fertilization may not offset the decreased survival that accompanied fertilization. Grassland to forest conversion costs may be a major contributor to the lack of reforestation of previously reclaimed mine lands in the Appalachian coal-mining region. Otherwise profitable forestry opportunities may be precluded by these conversion costs, which for many combinations of factors (site class, forest type, timber prices, regeneration intensity, and interest rate) result in negative land expectation values. Improved technology and/or knowledge of reforestation practices in these situations may provide opportunities to reduce the costs of converting many of these sites as research continues into these practices. It also appears that in many cases substantial payments, non-revenue values, or carbon values are required to reach “profitability” under the present circumstances. It is unclear when, or in what form, markets will develop to support any of these add-on values to supplement commercial forestry revenues. However, as these markets do develop, they will only enhance the viability of forestry on reclaimed mined lands, although as we demonstrate in our analysis of carbon payments, the form of the revenue source may itself influence management, potentially mitigating some of the benefits of reforestation. For a representative mined-land resource base, reforestation of mined lands with mixed pine-hardwood species would result in an average estimated C accumulation in forms that can be harvested for use as wood products or are likely to remain in the soil C pool at ~250 Mg C ha{sup -1} over a 60 year period following reforestation. The “additionality” of this potential C sequestration was estimated considering data in scientific literature that defines C accumulation in mined-land grasslands over the long term. Given assumptions detailed in the text, these lands have the potential to sequester ~180 Mg C ha{sup -1}, a total of 53.5 x 10{sup 6} Mg C, over 60 years, an average of ~900,000 Mg C / yr, an amount equivalent to about 0.04% of projected US C emissions at the midpoint of a 60-year period (circa 2040) following assumed reforestation. Although potential sequestration quantities are not great relative to potential national needs should an energy-related C emissions offset requirement be developed at some future date, these lands are available and unused for other economically valued purposes and many possess soil and site properties that are well-suited to reforestation. Should such reforestation occur, it would also produce ancillary benefits by providing env

  3. Sustainable Biomass Supply Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Erin Searcy; Dave Muth; Erin Wilkerson; Shahab Sokansanj; Bryan Jenkins; Peter Titman; Nathan Parker; Quinn Hart; Richard Nelson

    2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) aims to displace 30% of the 2004 gasoline use (60 billion gal/yr) with biofuels by 2030 as outlined in the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007, which will require 700 million tons of biomass to be sustainably delivered to biorefineries annually. Lignocellulosic biomass will make an important contribution towards meeting DOE’s ethanol production goals. For the biofuels industry to be an economically viable enterprise, the feedstock supply system (i.e., moving the biomass from the field to the refinery) cannot contribute more that 30% of the total cost of the biofuel production. The Idaho National Laboratory in collaboration with Oak Ridge National Laboratory, University of California, Davis and Kansas State University are developing a set of tools for identifying economical, sustainable feedstocks on a regional basis based on biorefinery siting.

  4. The road to sustainability

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sarrao, John L [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Crabtree, George [ANL

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Sustainability is the hottest topic in energy research today, but what does it actually mean? George Crabtree and John Sarrao describe what makes a technology sustainable, and outline the materials-science challenges standing between us and clean, long-lasting energy. Although most people agree that more-sustainable energy technologies are desirable, they often find it harder to agree on exactly how sustainable these technologies need to be, and even precisely what is meant by sustainability. To clarify the debate, we suggest three criteria for sustainability, each of which captures a different feature of the problem. While we do not have the lUxury of achieving full sustainability for all of our next-generation energy technologies, we can use these definitions to select our strategic sustainability targets and track our progress toward achieving them. As will become clear, the most sustainable energy technologies require the most challenging fundamental science breakthroughs. The first criterion for sustainability is 'lasts a long time'. This quality has been a feature of many energy sources we have used historically, including wood in ancient times and oil throughout most of the 20th century. The definition of 'long time' is, of course, relative: the world's demand for energy long ago outpaced the ability of wood to supply it, and the production of oil is likely to peak sometime within the next few decades. Substantial reductions in the rate of oil consumption through higher-efficiency processes can significantly impact on how long non-renewable resources last. In applying the 'long time' criterion, we need to distinguish between energy sources that are effectively limitless and those that are finite but, for the moment, adequate. The second criterion for sustainability is 'does no harm'. Burning fossil fuels releases pollutants such as sulphur and mercury that endanger human health, as well as greenhouse gases like carbon dioxide that threaten climate stability. Some alternatives to fossil fuels have their own degrees of potential harm, including the underground migration and leakage of sequestered carbon dioxide and the hazards of storing spent nuclear fuel. The third and most strict criterion for sustainability is 'leaves no change'. When the material outputs of energy generation and use are recycled to replace the inputs, the chemical cycle is said to be closed and the chemical state of the world is unchanged. The process of converting renewable energy sources like sunlight and wind to carriers like hydrogen or electricity comes closest to fulfilling this restrictive definition. Fossil energy systems, in contrast, usually operate as once-through processes, irreversibly converting hydrocarbons to carbon dioxide and water. Some such systems could, however, be retrofitted to collect and recycle the combustion products to make new hydrocarbon fuel. If this process used the Sun as its energy source, fossil fuels, too, could meet this criterion.

  5. Environmental Sustainability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Energy Systems & Climate Change 21 3.2 Communication 24 #12;Prospectus for Environmental Sustainability: Distance Learning 2014-2015 3 MEEN40820 Technical Communications 24 IS40030 People Information & Communication 26 ENVB40380 Managing the Interface between Science & Policy 28 3.3 Resource Characterisation

  6. Volume 1, Issue 1 April 1, 2008Office of Environmental Sustainability Sustainability Bulletin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Linsley, Braddock K.

    Volume 1, Issue 1 April 1, 2008Office of Environmental Sustainability Sustainability Bulletin Inside this Issue: 1Going Green Have you heard of the Energy Campaign? 2 Fall 2007 Energy Campaign Results 2 Speakers on Sustainable Food Production 2 In October 2006, UAlbany kicked off a "going green

  7. RESTORING SUSTAINABLE FORESTS ON APPALACHIAN MINED LANDS FOR WOOD PRODUCTS, RENEWABLE ENERGY, CARBON SEQUESTRATION, AND OTHER ECOSYSTEM SERVICES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    James A. Burger; J. Galbraith; T. Fox; G. Amacher; J. Sullivan; C. Zipper

    2005-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

    The overall purpose of this project is to evaluate the biological and economic feasibility of restoring high-quality forests on mined land, and to measure carbon sequestration and wood production benefits that would be achieved from forest restoration procedures. We are currently estimating the acreage of lands in VA, WV, KY, OH, and PA mined under SMCRA and reclaimed to non-forested post-mining land uses that are not currently under active management, and therefore can be considered as available for carbon sequestration. To determine actual sequestration under different forest management scenarios, a field study was installed as a 3 x 3 factorial in a random complete block design with three replications at each of three locations, Ohio, West Virginia, and Virginia. The treatments included three forest types (white pine, hybrid poplar, mixed hardwood) and three silvicultural regimes (competition control, competition control plus tillage, competition control plus tillage plus fertilization). Each individual treatment plot is 0.5 acres. Each block of nine plots is 4.5 acres, and the complete installation at each site is 13.5 acres. During the reporting period we compiled and evaluated all soil properties measured on the study sites. Statistical analysis of the properties was conducted, and first year survival and growth of white pine, hybrid poplars, and native hardwoods was assessed. Hardwood species survived better at all sites than white pine or hybrid poplar. Hardwood survival across treatments was 80%, 85%, and 50% for sites in Virginia, West Virginia, and Ohio, respectively, while white pine survival was 27%, 41%, and 58%, and hybrid poplar survival was 37%, 41%, and 72% for the same sites, respectively. Hybrid poplar height and diameter growth were superior to those of the other species tested, with the height growth of this species reaching 126.6cm after one year in the most intensive treatment at the site in Virginia. To determine carbon in soils on these sites, we developed a cost-effective method for partitioning total soil carbon to pedogenic carbon and geogenic carbon in mine soils. We are in the process of evaluating the accuracy and precision of the proposed carbon partitioning technique for which we are designing an experiment with carefully constructed mine soil samples. In a second effort, as part of a mined land reforestation project for carbon sequestration in southwestern Virginia we implemented the first phase of the carbon monitoring protocol that was recently delivered to DOE.

  8. Restoring Sustainable Forests on Appalachian Mined Lands for Wood Products, Renewable Energy, Carbon Sequestration, and Other Ecosystem Services

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    James A. Burger; J. Galbraith; T. Fox; G. Amacher; J. Sullivan; C. Zipper

    2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The overall purpose of this project is to evaluate the biological and economic feasibility of restoring high-quality forests on mined land, and to measure carbon sequestration and wood production benefits that would be achieved from forest restoration procedures. We are currently estimating the acreage of lands in Virginia, West Virginia, Kentucky, Ohio, and Pennsylvania mined under SMCRA and reclaimed to non-forested post-mining land uses that are not currently under active management, and therefore can be considered as available for carbon sequestration. To determine actual sequestration under different forest management scenarios, a field study was installed as a 3 x 3 factorial in a random complete block design with three replications at each of three locations, one each in Ohio, West Virginia, and Virginia. The treatments included three forest types (white pine, hybrid poplar, mixed hardwood) and three silvicultural regimes (competition control, competition control plus tillage, competition control plus tillage plus fertilization). Each individual treatment plot is 0.5 acres. Each block of nine plots is 4.5 acres, and the complete installation at each site is 13.5 acres. Regression models of chemical and physical soil properties were created in order to estimate the SOC content down the soil profile. Soil organic carbon concentration and volumetric percent of the fines decreased exponentially down the soil profile. The results indicated that one-third of the total SOC content on mined lands was found in the surface 0-13 cm soil layer, and more than two-thirds of it was located in the 0-53 cm soil profile. A relative estimate of soil density may be best in broad-scale mine soil mapping since actual D{sub b} values are often inaccurate and difficult to obtain in rocky mine soils. Carbon sequestration potential is also a function of silvicultural practices used for reforestation success. Weed control plus tillage may be the optimum treatment for hardwoods and white pine, as any increased growth resulting from fertilization may not offset the decreased survival that accompanied fertilization. Relative to carbon value, our analysis this quarter shows that although short-rotation hardwood management on reclaimed surface mined lands may have higher LEVs than traditional long-rotation hardwood management, it is only profitable in a limited set of circumstances.

  9. RESTORING SUSTAINABLE FORESTS ON APPALACHIAN MINED LANDS FOR WOOD PRODUCTS, RENEWABLE ENERGY, CARBON SEQUESTRATION, AND OTHER ECOSYSTEM SERVICES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    James A. Burger; J. Galbraith; T. Fox; G. Amacher; J. Sullivan; C. Zipper

    2004-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

    The overall purpose of this project is to evaluate the biological and economic feasibility of restoring high-quality forests on mined land, and to measure carbon sequestration and wood production benefits that would be achieved from forest restoration procedures. We are currently estimating the acreage of lands in VA, WV, KY, OH, and PA mined under SMCRA and reclaimed to non-forested post-mining land uses that are not currently under active management, and therefore can be considered as available for carbon sequestration. To determine actual sequestration under different forest management scenarios, a field study was installed as a 3 x 3 factorial in a random complete block design with three replications at each of three locations, Ohio, West Virginia, and Virginia. The treatments included three forest types (white pine, hybrid poplar, mixed hardwood) and three silvicultural regimes (competition control, competition control plus tillage, competition control plus tillage plus fertilization). Each individual treatment plot is 0.5 acres. Each block of nine plots requires 4.5 acres, and the complete installation at each site requires 13.5 acres. The plots at all three locations have been installed and the plot corners marked with PVC stakes. GPS coordinates of each plot have been collected. Tree survival, height and diameter were measured after the first growing season. There were significant treatment and treatment x site interactions. A STELLA{reg_sign}-based model helped us develop insight as to whether it is possible to differentiate the permanent SOC from the C contained in the labile forms of SOM. The model can be used for predicting the amount of C sequestered on mine lands, and the amount of C that is expected to reside in the mine soil for more than 1,000 years. Based on our work, it appears that substantial carbon payments to landowners would be required to reach ''profitability'' under present circumstances. However, even though the payments that we examine could generate non-negative LEVs, there is no guarantee that the payments will actually cause landowners to reforest in practice. It is landowner utility associated with forestland profitability that will be the determining factor in actual conversion--utility that likely would include cash flow timing, amenities, and even the credit position of the landowner.

  10. Sustainability Published December 2009

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bandettini, Peter A.

    Sustainability Report Published December 2009 #12;#12;NIEHS Sustainability Report #12;#12;Table........................................................................................................9 Managing for Sustainability....................................................................................................45 #12;A Message from Our Director In order to sustain and improve life on Earth, we must

  11. Interagency Sustainability Working Group

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Interagency Sustainability Working Group (ISWG) is the coordinating body for sustainable buildings in the federal government.

  12. DOE Sustainability SPOtlight

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Newsletter highlights the recipients of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Sustainability Performance Office (SPO) 2014 Sustainability Awards.

  13. Sustainable NREL

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2013-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

    The National Renewable Energy Laboratory prides itself on not only advancing the renewable energy, but "walking the talk" when it comes to sustainable practices. "When you look at our laboratories, you will see energy efficiency in action, but you'll also see renewable energy. We walk the walk and we talk the talk. We believe in it and we want to live it also."

  14. Sustainable NREL

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The National Renewable Energy Laboratory prides itself on not only advancing the renewable energy, but "walking the talk" when it comes to sustainable practices. "When you look at our laboratories, you will see energy efficiency in action, but you'll also see renewable energy. We walk the walk and we talk the talk. We believe in it and we want to live it also."

  15. Sustainable Innovation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Armendariz, A.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of an organizational chart. It?s about ensuring that we see the big picture, and are not addressing one environmental issue only to create another consequence in the process.? -- Lisa P. Jackson Remarks to the National Academy of Sciences November 30... environmentally protective and sustainable we can be. ? -- Lisa P. Jackson Remarks to the National Academy of Sciences, November 30, 2010 Awareness Problems cannot be solved at the same level of awareness that created them. A. Einstein...

  16. Sustainable Future

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over Our InstagramStructureProposed Action Title: Sustainable Environment

  17. Achieve maximum application availability and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bernstein, Phil

    Highlights Achieve maximum application availability and data protection using SQL Server AlwaysOn and other high availability features Reduce planned downtime significantly with SQL Server on Windows and management of high availability and disaster recovery using integrated tools Achieve maximum application

  18. sustainability and u} Sustainability at the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Webb, Peter

    sustainability and u} #12;Sustainability at the University of Minnesota is a continuous effort. The University of Minnesota is committed to incorporating sustainability into its teaching, research and outreach and the operations that support them. sustainability} From groundbreaking research to unique recycling options

  19. Assessment of University Sustainability Activities SUSTAINABILITY TRACKING,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dodla, Ramana

    Assessment of University Sustainability Activities under the SUSTAINABILITY TRACKING, ASSESSMENT Rashed-Ali, PhD. Prepared for: The UTSA Sustainability Council May 3rd , 2011 #12;yhd/s ^hDD Zz 2 | P a g-Ali, Assistant Professor in the College of Architecture, conducted a survey and assessment of UTSA sustainability

  20. MOBILE PHONE, A SUSTAINABLE PRODUCT?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Tiggelen, Bart

    but mobile > fixed line household penetration) ITU, 2013 GSMA, 2013 Growth Operators activity Europe (EEA GSMA, 2014 Deloitte, 2012 Price of an entrylevel mobile broadband 12% of monthly GNI p.c. 1125Wh / year (own measures, Malmodin 2014) · network : 23kWh / user / year (Malmodin 2014) · French electricity

  1. Communicating about bioenergy sustainability

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dale, Virginia H [ORNL] [ORNL; Kline, Keith L [ORNL] [ORNL; Perla, Dr. Donna [US Environmental Protection Agency] [US Environmental Protection Agency; Lucier, Dr. Al [National Council on Air and Stream Improvement] [National Council on Air and Stream Improvement

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Defining and measuring sustainability of bioenergy systems are difficult because the systems are complex, the science is in early stages of development, and there is a need to generalize what are inherently context-specific enterprises. These challenges, and the fact that decisions are being made now, create a need for improved communications among scientists as well as between scientists and decision makers. In order for scientists to provide information that is useful to decision makers, they need to come to an agreement on how to measure and report potential risks and benefits of diverse energy alternatives, including problems and opportunities in various bioenergy production pathways. Scientists also need to develop approaches that contribute information relevant to policy and decision making. The need for clear communication is especially important at this time when there is a plethora of scientific papers and reports, and it is difficult for the public or decision makers to assess the merits of each analysis. We propose three communication guidelines for scientists whose work can contribute to decision making: (1) relationships between the question and the analytical approach should be clearly defined and make common sense; (2) the information should be presented in a manner that nonscientists can understand; and (3) the implications of methods, assumptions and limitations should be clear. The scientists job is to analyze information in order to build a better understanding of environmental, cultural and socioeconomic aspects of the sustainability of energy alternatives. The scientific process requires transparency, debate, review, and collaboration across disciplines and time. This paper serves as an introduction to the papers in the special issue on Sustainability of Bioenergy Systems: Cradle to Grave because scientific communication is essential to developing more sustainable energy systems. Together these four papers provide a framework under which the effects of bioenergy can be assessed and compared to other energy alternatives in order to foster sustainability.

  2. Sustainable agriculture: possible trajectories from mutualistic symbiosis and plant neodomestication

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Sustainable agriculture: possible trajectories from mutualistic symbiosis and plant. Based on recent findings, new trajectories for agriculture and plant breeding which take into account symbiosis in an innovative ecologically intensive agriculture. A sustainable food production ? Feeding

  3. Sustainability at BPA May 2011

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    none,

    2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    BPA’s approach to sustainability is built on the agency’s foundation of environmental stewardship partnered with its commitment to operational excellence. Around the world today, sustainable business practices are driving innovation, opening opportunities for resource and cost efficiencies, as well as increasing employee engagement and productivity. Business jumped on the bandwagon early finding that sustainability can be an important component of their company’s competitive advantage. A 2010 survey by the United Nations Global Compact/Accenture of 766 CEOs from around the globe found that, despite the economic downturn, 93 percent of the CEOs surveyed see sustainability as critical to their company’s future success. Calling on the federal government to “lead by example,” President Barack Obama issued Executive Order 13514 in October 2009 to green the government by improving “environmental, energy and economic performance.”

  4. Original article Restricted maximum likelihood

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Original article Restricted maximum likelihood estimation of covariances in sparse linear models on the simplex algorithm of Nelder and Mead [40]. Kovac [29] made modifications that turned it into a stable

  5. DOE Sustainability SPOtlight: Special Edition 2013 DOE Sustainability...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    DOE Sustainability SPOtlight: Special Edition 2013 DOE Sustainability Awards DOE Sustainability SPOtlight: Special Edition 2013 DOE Sustainability Awards Newsletter highlights the...

  6. Sustainable Furman NOVEMBER 2009

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and destination taking the long view #12;SUSTAINABLE FURMAN 1 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Living sustainably entails takingSustainable Furman #12;NOVEMBER 2009 sustainability meeting humanity's needs journey in perpetuity, a commitment to sustainability promotes the well-being of people and campuses over the long term

  7. Achieving Sustainability Cindy Carlsson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    Achieving Sustainability at MnDOT Cindy Carlsson MnDOT Office of Policy Analysis, Research and Innovation 22nd Annual Transportation Research Conference May 24, 2011 #12;Sustainable practices respect Sustainability #12;Environmental Sustainability Sustainable practices · Are compatible with and may enhance

  8. Sustainability Cal State Fullerton

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Lijser, Peter

    Sustainability at Cal State Fullerton A Report from the Sustainability Initiative Study Group October 28, 2008 #12;Sustainability at Cal State Fullerton A Report from the Sustainability Initiative Safety Sally Yassine Contracts & Procurement #12;Sustainability at Cal State Fullerton A Report from

  9. Chapter 2: Sustainable and Unsustainable Developments in the U.S. Energy System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levine, Mark D.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    costs of U.S. energy production and consumption have alsotheir needs. Regarding energy production and consumption,to sustainable energy production. Soil nutrient depletion,

  10. Second-Generation Biofuels from Multi-Product Biorefineries Combine...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Second-Generation Biofuels from Multi-Product Biorefineries Combine Economic Sustainability With Environmental Sustainability Second-Generation Biofuels from Multi-Product...

  11. Sustainability. Systems integration for global sustainability.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    study of the energy-water nexus. Sustainability 2, 945–962 (sustainability studies have fo- cused on flows of real material and energysustainability have been place- based even if they look at coupled systems [for example, the energy-

  12. Living a Sustainable Future

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    solve the energy crisis through biological methods, including genetically engineering algae and cyanobacteria. Create a Sustainable Future: Living Living a Sustainable Future How...

  13. Sustainability Bulletin USGBC Sustainable Speaker Series

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kidd, William S. F.

    series of events recognizing Earth Day and the need to increase sustainable living on campus. This yearMay 2014 Sustainability Bulletin #12;USGBC Sustainable Speaker Series May 13 Give and Go May 13th themselves from many of the technology devices that have become ubiquitous in our daily lives, and to start

  14. Sustainable Development and Sustainable Transportation: Strategies for Economic Prosperity, Environmental Quality, and Equity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deakin, Elizabeth

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    03 Sustainable Development and Sustainable Transportation:17 Sustainable Development and Sustainable Transportation:Wimsatt, Alma. “Sustainable Development and International

  15. Sustainable Development & Sustainable Transportation: Strategies for Economic Prosperity, Environmental Quality, and Equity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deakin, Elizabeth

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    03 Sustainable Development and Sustainable Transportation:17 Sustainable Development and Sustainable Transportation:Wimsatt, Alma. “Sustainable Development and International

  16. Sustainable Development Summer Intern Report 2013 Sustainable Development Summer Intern

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sustainable Development Summer Intern Report 2013 Sustainable Development Summer Intern Final amongst university's invested in sustainable development. Our small but mighty size allows us to build through positive sustainable practices. As the Sustainable Development Summer Intern I am fortunate enough

  17. Montana State University 1 Sustainable Food &

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maxwell, Bruce D.

    understand fundamental principles of evolution, ecology, soil science, agronomy, and pest management ecosystems, cropping systems, pest management, applied ecology, soil and water science, biochemistry, or agricultural entomology (pest management science). Sustainable Crop Production Option--Department of Plant

  18. Sustainable and equitable urban environments in Asia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Badshah, Akhtar

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study identifies some of the factors and conditions that can encourage the development of sustainable and equitable urban environments. It argues that cities will continue to grow and that it is not productive to view ...

  19. Sustainable Scientists

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mills, Evan

    2008-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Scientists are front and center in quantifying and solving environmental problems. Yet, as a spate of recent news articles in scientific journals point out, much can be done to enhance sustainability within the scientific enterprise itself, particularly by trimming the energy use associated with research facilities and the equipment therein (i,ii,iii, iv). Sponsors of research unwittingly spend on the order of $10 billion each year on energy in the U.S. alone, and the underlying inefficiencies drain funds from the research enterprise while causing 80 MT CO2-equivalent greenhouse-gas emissions (see Box). These are significant sums considering the opportunity costs in terms of the amount of additional research that could be funded and emissions that could be reduced if the underlying energy was used more efficiently. By following commercially proven best practices in facility design and operation, scientists--and the sponsors of science--can cost-effectively halve these costs, while doing their part to put society on alow-carbon diet.

  20. McKinney Sustainability Plan 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, J.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    CATEE Conference: Planning for Sustainability McKinney?s Draft Community Sustainability Plan: Shaping Our Sustainable Future Julie Smith Office of Environmental Stewardship November 8, 2011 Sustainability Planning ? Why bother? ? Who has... aspect of sustainability ? Created the Green Advisory Committee (GAC) ? November 2008: Green Sustainability Initiative Report ? Recommended forming a comprehensive, sustainability program to coordinate the sustainability agenda for the city...

  1. Sustainability of irrigated agriculture in the San Joaquin Valley, California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vrugt, Jasper A.

    productivity and sustainability. Currently, there is a good understanding of the fundamental soil hydrological scale and at the long term, so that the sustainability of alternative management strategies canSustainability of irrigated agriculture in the San Joaquin Valley, California Gerrit Schoups* , Jan

  2. SUSTAINABLE PRODUCE DEVELOPMENT TRADESHOW Saturday, December 15, 2007

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Agogino, Alice M.

    SUSTAINABLE PRODUCE DEVELOPMENT TRADESHOW Saturday, December 15, 2007 Hearst Mining Building presentations of the students in "Sustainable Product Development." (2-3:45 pm presentations; 3:45-4:45 pm-the-go · Treading Lightly: Style & Sustainability for Pets · CARES: Community Assessment of Renewable Energy

  3. Designing Engineering Systems for Sustainability Peter Sandborn and Jessica Myers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sandborn, Peter

    , and productivity over time, [6.4]. The objective of environmental sustainability is to increase energy and material6 Designing Engineering Systems for Sustainability Peter Sandborn and Jessica Myers CALCE, Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Maryland Abstract Sustainability means keeping

  4. Received two 2013 Sustainability Awards from DOE for "Sustainable Campus" and "Innovative and Holistic Sustainability." PNNL advances the DOE sustainability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Received two 2013 Sustainability Awards from DOE for "Sustainable Campus" and "Innovative and Holistic Sustainability." PNNL advances the DOE sustainability mission with a diverse, focused effort toward goals for 2020 and beyond. The Sustainability Program and Information Management Services put

  5. Office of Sustainability Support

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Office of Sustainability Support serves as AU’s organizational lead in partnering with the Department’s Sustainability Performance Office to support the understanding and implementation of sustainability programs and requirements within the Department, including through supporting development and implementation of DOE’s annual Strategic Sustainability Program Plan.

  6. Federal Sustainable Print Management

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2015-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

    This Guide provides acceptable approaches for implementing the IT sustainability requirements and criteria required by DOE Order 436.1, Departmental Sustainability, dated 5-2-11 and related to the sustainability requirements contained in Executive Order 13693, "Planning for Federal Sustainability in the Next Decade”.

  7. Sustainability Commitments Commitment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heller, Barbara

    : On a fully sustainable urban campus, campus buildings become a living example of environmental researchSustainability Commitments Emissions Commitment: On a fully sustainable urban campus, the materials for elimination. Supply Chain/Waste Management Commitment: On a fully sustainable urban campus, material flows

  8. Sustainability in colleges 15

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Melham, Tom

    Sustainability in colleges 15 Carbon reduction 5 Water 7 Travel8 Waste,recyclingandreuse10 Sustainability Report 2011/2012 #12;2University of Oxford Environmental Sustainability Report 2011/12 "As Chair of the Sustainability Steering Group, I have seen a significant shift in staff and students' expectations

  9. Progress Report 2014 Sustainability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Y Yale Progress Report 2014 Sustainability Strategic Plan #12;President Salovey announced Yale's continued commitment to sustainability when he released the University's second Sustainability Strategic-going efforts to address sustainability and called upon students, faculty, and staff to play an active role

  10. Achieving Sustainability Cindy Carlsson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    Achieving Sustainability Cindy Carlsson Mn/DOT Office of Policy Analysis, Research and Innovation April 21, 2011 #12;Sustainability Is Not New Mn/DOT has long been a leader in CSS and environmental excellence. . . . . . so we're well along on the path to sustainability! #12;Today Sustainability is More

  11. Measuring Energy Sustainability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    20 Measuring Energy Sustainability David L. Greene Abstract For the purpose of measurement, energy sustainability is defined as ensuring that future generations have energy resources that enable them to achieve that there are valid, more comprehensive understandings of sustainability and that energy sustainability as de- fined

  12. Sustainable Nanomaterials Industry Perspective

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation for the Sustainable Nanomaterials Workshop by MeadWestvaco Corporation held on June 26, 2012

  13. Framework for Measuring Sustainable

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levinson, David M.

    Knight Foundation will use this sustainability framework for internal organizational purposes with the possibility

  14. Maximum likelihood estimation for cooperative sequential adsorption

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burton, Geoffrey R.

    Maximum likelihood estimation for cooperative sequential adsorption Mathew D. Penrose and Vadim;Maximum likelihood estimation for cooperative sequential adsorption M.D. Penrose, Department of the region. Keywords: cooperative sequential adsorption, space-time point pro- cess, maximum likelihood

  15. Estimating a mixed strategy employing maximum entropy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Golan, Amos; Karp, Larry; Perloff, Jeffrey M.

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    MIXED STRATEGY EMPLOYING MAXIMUM ENTROPY by Amos Golan LarryMixed Strategy Employing Maximum Entropy Amos Golan Larry S.Abstract Generalized maximum entropy may be used to estimate

  16. P r o f i t P l u s P l a n e t . c o mP r o f i t P l u s P l a n e t . c o m Sustainability at Siemens: Product Focus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loudon, Catherine

    Sustainability at Siemens: Product Focus Laura Berland-Shane Siemens Industry - Solar Vertical Market Management Laura.berland-shane@siemens.com P r o f i t P l u s P l a n e t . c o m Core messages Sustainability o f i t P l u s P l a n e t . c o m Business opportunities: The Environmental Portfolio of Siemens

  17. Case for sustainability in strategy and operations : overcoming the challenges of product design in creating competitive advantages in circular supply chains

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dalmia, Niraj

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The previous industrial revolutions coupled with long-established business models have created a lock-in towards a linear 'take-make-dispose' model of production and consumption - products are manufactured using non-renewable ...

  18. Boiler Maximum Achievable Control Technology (MACT) Technical...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Boiler Maximum Achievable Control Technology (MACT) Technical Assistance - Fact Sheet, April 2015 Boiler Maximum Achievable Control Technology (MACT) Technical Assistance - Fact...

  19. Biological assessment of the effects of petroleum production at maximum efficient rate, Naval Petroleum Reserve No. 1 (Elk Hills), Kern County, California, on the endangered blunt-nosed leopard lizard, Gambelia silus

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kato, T.T.; O'Farrell, T.P.

    1986-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Surveys to determine the distribution and relative abundance of blunt-nosed leopard lizards on Naval Petroleum Reserve-1 were conducted in 1980 and 1981. In 1982 radiotelemetry and pitfall trapping techniques were used to gain additional information on the species and develop alternative methods of study. Incidental observations of blunt-nosed leopard lizards were recorded and used in the distribution information for NPR-1. DOE determined during this biological assessment that the construction projects and operational activities necessary to achieve and sustain MER have not adversely affected the blunt-nosed leopard lizard and its habitat, because only approximately 6% of the potential blunt-nosed leopard lizard habitat on NPR-1 was disturbed by construction and operational activities. DOE believes that the direct, indirect, and cumulative effects of MER will not jeopardize the continued existence of the species, because results of surveys indicated that blunt-nosed leopard lizards are mainly distributed near the periphery of Elk Hills where few petroleum developments occurred in the past and where they are unlikely to occur in the future. A policy of conducting preconstruction surveys to protect blunt-nosed leopard lizard habitat was initiated, a habitat restoration plan was developed and implemented, and administrative policies to reduce vehicle speeds, contain oil spills, restrict off-road vehicle (ORV) travel, and to prohibit public access, livestock grazing, and agricultural activities were maintained.

  20. Systems integration for global sustainability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Le, A. Z. Khan, Improving integration for integrated coastal347 ISSUE 6225 Systems integration for global sustainabilitySUSTAINABILITY Systems integration for global sustainability

  1. Systems integration for global sustainability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Liu et al. , Framing sustainability in a telecoupled world.teleconnections and sustainability. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci.framework for analyzing sustainability of social-ecological

  2. Sustainable Energy: Choosing Among Options

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mirza, Umar Karim

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Review: Sustainable Energy: Choosing Among Options Byand William A. Peters. Sustainable Energy: Choosing AmongAll the authors of Sustainable Energy are associated with

  3. Biological assessment of the effects of petroleum production at maximum efficient rate, Naval Petroleum Reserve No. 1 (Elk Hills), Kern County, California, on the endangered San Joaquin kit fox, Vulpes macrotis mutica

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    O'Farrell, T.P.; Harris, C.E.; Kato, T.T.; McCue, P.M.

    1986-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Between 1980 and 1986 DOE sponsored field studies to gather sufficient information to determine the status of the species on Naval Petroleum Reserve-1 and to evaluate the possible effects of MER. Transect surveys were conducted in 1979 and 1984 to document the distribution and relative density of fox dens. Radiotelemetry studies were initiated to provide information on reproductive success, den use patterns, responses to petroleum field activities, food habits, movement patterns and home ranges, and sources and rates of mortality. Techniques for conducting preconstruction surveys to minimize possible negative effects of MER activities on foxes plus a habitat restoration program were developed and implemented. DOE determined during this biological assessment that the construction projects and operational activities necessary to achieve and sustain MER may have adversely affected the San Joaquin kit fox and its habitat. However, the direct, indirect, and cumulative effects of MER will not jeopardize the continued existence of the species because: (1) results of the extensive field studies did not provide evidence that MER effected negative changes in relative abundance, reproductive success, and dispersal of the species; (2) a successful policy of conducting preconstruction surveys to protect kit fox, their dens, and portions of their habitat was initiated; (3) the Secretary of the Interior did not designate critical habitat; (4) a habitat restoration plan was developed and implemented; (5) a monitoring program was implemented to periodically assess the status of kit fox; (6) a coyote control program was established with FWS to reduce predation on fox; and (7) administrative policies to reduce vehicle speeds, contain oil spills, restrict off-road vehicle (ORV) travel, and to prohibit hunting, trapping, livestock grazing, and agricultural activities, were maintained to protect kit fox.

  4. Habitat reclamation plan to mitigate for the loss of habitat due to oil and gas production activities under maximum efficient rate, Naval Petroleum Reserve No. 1, Kern County, California

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Anderson, D.C.

    1994-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Activities associated with oil and gas development under the Maximum Efficiency Rate (MER) from 1975 to 2025 will disturb approximately 3,354 acres. Based on 1976 aerial photographs and using a dot grid methodology, the amount of land disturbed prior to MER is estimated to be 3,603 acres. Disturbances on Naval Petroleum Reserve No. 1 (NPR-1) were mapped using 1988 aerial photography and a geographical information system. A total of 6,079 acres were classified as disturbed as of June, 1988. The overall objective of this document is to provide specific information relating to the on-site habitat restoration program at NPRC. The specific objectives, which relate to the terms and conditions that must be met by DOE as a means of protecting the San Joaquin kit fox from incidental take are to: (1) determine the amount and location of disturbed lands on NPR-1 and the number of acres disturbed as a result of MER activities, (2) develop a long term (10 year) program to restore an equivalent on-site acres to that lost from prior project-related actions, and (3) examine alternative means to offset kit fox habitat loss.

  5. Sustainability Curriculum Models Sustainability Design Charrette Curriculum Workshop

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zaferatos, Nicholas C.

    Sustainability Curriculum Models Sustainability Design Charrette Curriculum Workshop December 4 student that goes through WWU understands how sustainability is practiced on campus Students leave with a commitment, knowledge, and resources to practice sustainability in work and private life. Content

  6. Sustainability Peer Educator Positions Position: Sustainability Peer Educator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boonstra, Rudy

    Sustainability Peer Educator Positions Position: Sustainability Peer Educator Available Positions 2013 ­ April 2014 Position Summary: Working with the Sustainability Project Coordinator, this team of students will be responsible for enhancing and educating UTSC students, staff and faculty on sustainability

  7. Sustainable Development Summer Intern Report 2010 Sustainable Development Summer Intern

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sustainable Development Summer Intern Report 2010 1 Sustainable Development Summer Intern Final of Bishop's University. The role of the Sustainable Development Summer Intern (SDSI) is to coordinate and organize sustainable development information and activities during the summer months. Ensuring

  8. Global Assessments and Guidelines for Sustainable Liquid Biofuel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Global Assessments and Guidelines for Sustainable Liquid Biofuel Production in Developing Countries Biofuel Production in Developing Countries FINAL REPORT A GEF Targeted Research Project Organized by Bernd for Sustainable Liquid Biofuels. A GEF Targeted Research Project. Heidelberg/Paris/Utrecht/Darmstadt, 29 February

  9. Environmental Sustainability & Green Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denham, Graham

    Environmental Sustainability & Green Energy With escalating concerns about global energy shortages of carbon nanotubes for solar energy · ChemicalReactorEngineeringCentre: developing innovative green reactor contaminants in air, water and soil through advanced oxidation Environmental Remediation · Focus on sustainable

  10. Sustainability, Ethics, and Aesthetics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moldavanova, Alisa

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Among four dimensions of sustainability (environmental, economic, social, and cultural), it is the latter aspect that is least examined by scholars. However, understanding how culture contributes to the long term sustainability of communities...

  11. Corporate sustainability assessment methodology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pinchuk, Natallia

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Sustainability is a vague concept specifically in the context of a corporate world. There are numerous definitions for corporate sustainability and just as many ways of evaluating it. This work attempts to define, structure ...

  12. Environmental Frontier of Sustainability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Takada, Shoji

    A A Global Environmental Studies Frontier of Sustainability Science Akihisa MORI, Global Environmental Studies Satoshi KONISHI, Institute of Advanced Energy, etc Integrated Research Bld This class is designed for graduate students to acknowledge research frontier of Sustainability Science

  13. Sustainable Nanomaterials Workshop

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Sustainable Nanomaterials Workshop (held in Washington, D.C., on June 26, 2012) gathered stakeholders from industry and academia to discuss the current state of the art for sustainable nanomat...

  14. Architecture, Engineering and Construction Sustainability Report Biannual Sustainability Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kamat, Vineet R.

    Architecture, Engineering and Construction Sustainability Report i Biannual Sustainability Report Projects $5 Million and Over August 2012 Active Projects

  15. Metrology for Sustainable Nanomaterials

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation by Michael Postek (National Institute of Standards and Technology, NIST) for the Sustainable Nanomaterials Workshop on June 26, 2012

  16. SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT REPORT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laval, Université

    ­ Encourage research and innovation in sustainable development 14 - Standard of Living, EconomySUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT REPORT 2011-2012 #12;2 Table of Contents UNIVERSIT� LAVAL AT A GLANCE 3 A WORD FROM THE RECTOR 4 A WORD FROM THE EXECUTIVE VICE-RECTOR, DEVELOPMENT 5 SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

  17. Sustainability Masters Programmes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sustainability Masters Programmes School of Earth and Environment FACULTY OF ENVIRONMENT #12 for sustainability (e.g. a low-carbon economy, or economic development that considers environmental and social issues) needs people with an in-depth understanding of sustainability and climate change issues. Forward

  18. WINTER 2014 Sustainability and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stephens, Graeme L.

    WINTER 2014 Sustainability and Renewable Energy in Costa Rica January 4 - 14 Dr. James Hoffmann, Program Director Lecturer Sustainability Studies Program E-511 Melville Library Stony Brook, NY 11794 sustainability and renewable energy. Students will spend 11 days in Costa Rica to participate in site visits

  19. Sustainability Bulletin Clothing Collection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kidd, William S. F.

    Sustainability Bulletin April 2014 #12;Upcoming Clothing Collection March 3-April 14 Hunter Lovins on Wednesday, April 23rd from 11am-2pm brought to you by EAP and the Office of Environmental Sustainability will be in the Campus Center Ballroom to highlight other aspects of well-being such as health, nutrition, sustainability

  20. Social Sustainability: Geography 446

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Social Sustainability: Geography 446 submitted to Sally Hermansen & Lorna Seppala The University of British Columbia Vancouver, BC Curranne Labercane February 4th, 2009 #12;Definition Social Sustainability- A socially sustainable community provides an inclusive, equitable, and decent quality of life for current

  1. Global Change Sustainability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tipple, Brett

    Global Change and Sustainability Center The GCSC is an inclusionary and interdisciplinary hub that promotes, coordinates, and conducts local to global environmental- and sustainability-related research to complex environmental and sustainability issues and challenges. 2012 Annual Report #12;1GCSC 2012 ANNUAL

  2. Final Report Sustainability at

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Escher, Christine

    1 Final Report Sustainability at Oregon State University Prepared by The Institute for Natural Resources Oregon State University June 2009 #12;2 Sustainability at Oregon State University June 2009 The Institute for Natural Resources Created by the Oregon Legislature through the 2001 Oregon Sustainability Act

  3. SUSTAINABILITY WHO CAN APPLY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    FUNDED BY CALL FOR SUSTAINABILITY RESEARCH STUDENT WHO CAN APPLY Undergraduate and graduate Participate in the Global Change & Sustainability Center's Research Symposium; attend workshops with faculty or publish in the U's student-run sustainability publication to be released in May 2014. Are you conducting

  4. BERKSHIRE ENCYCLOPEDIA OF SUSTAINABILITY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    BERKSHIRE ENCYCLOPEDIA OF SUSTAINABILITY V O L U M E S 1-10 A ground-breaking interdisciplinary@berkshirepublishing.com | Tel +1 413 528 0206 19 April, 2012 In the 10-volume Berkshire Encyclopedia of Sustainability, experts, regional sustainability issues, and resource and ecosystem management. The ten volumes are available

  5. Sustainable energy Risindialogue

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sustainable energy Risřindialogue Risřindialogue Energy is a fundamental precondition for growth and prosperity. A sustainable and reliable energy supply is essential to ensuring that the future energy demand flexibility and robust- ness. Society and systems A sustainable and reliable energy supply is necessary

  6. Sustainable Development Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laval, Université

    Sustainable Development Report 2010-2011 #12;2 Table of Contents Université Laval at a glance 2-2011 highlights 9 University community initiatives 15 Sustainable development educational program 21 Research and creativity in sustainable development 24 Awards, recognition, and distinctions 28 Implementation

  7. The Sustainability "Green Initiative"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harms, Kyle E.

    sustainability approach aimed at: ·Lowering energy use and cost ·Reducing greenhouse gases ·Water and waste waterThe Sustainability "Green Initiative" At LAPPA October, 2008 #12;Sustainability is the capacity ·Carbon Footprint ·Ozone Friendly ·Global Warming ·Renewable Energy ·Biodegradable What does this whole

  8. ETSU Department of Sustainability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karsai, Istvan

    ETSU Department of Sustainability Kathleen Moore- Director of Sustainability MOORE their peers. Our hope is to make ETSU the most sustainable, eco- friendly, and resource efficient university and energy conservation, and as well help plan activities in their residence halls with their complex's Hall

  9. University of Saskatchewan Sustainability Assessment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peak, Derek

    · Management for Sustainability · Energy · Transportation · Waste #12;Executive Summary Page 2 of 90 UUniversity of Saskatchewan Sustainability Assessment Prepared by: Kerri Klein Sustainable, Micheal Molaro and Jennifer Menzies) for their confidence in the vision of a sustainable University

  10. Sustainable Energy: Choosing Among Options

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mirza, Umar Karim

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    on environment and energy sustainability is given as well.an account of energy systems and sustainability metrics.

  11. Individual Module Maximum Power Point Tracking for Thermoelectric Generator Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schaltz, Erik

    of Thermo Electric Generator (TEG) systems a power converter is often inserted between the TEG system that the TEG system produces the maximum power. However, if the conditions, e.g. temperature, health, age, etc find the best compromise of all modules. In order to increase the power production of the TEG system

  12. Production

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Algae production R&D focuses on exploring resource use and availability, algal biomass development and improvements, characterizing algal biomass components, and the ecology and engineering of...

  13. Proceedings: 15th International American Coal Ash Association Symposium on Management and Use of Coal Combustion Products (CCPs): Building Partnerships for Sustainability

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Topics discussed at the 15th International American Coal Ash Association (ACAA) Symposium, ''Management and Use of Coal Combustion Products (CCPs),'' included fundamental CCP use, research, product marketing, applied research, CCP management and environmental issues, and commercial uses. There is a continuing international research interest in CCP use because of its commercial value and its environmental benefits, such as reducing greenhouse gas emissions, reducing landfill needs, and utilizing recycled materials instead of virgin materials. CCP use also can reduce disposal costs and generate revenue from CCP sales.

  14. Maximum entropy principal for transportation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bilich, F. [University of Brasilia (Brazil); Da Silva, R. [National Research Council (Brazil)

    2008-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

    In this work we deal with modeling of the transportation phenomenon for use in the transportation planning process and policy-impact studies. The model developed is based on the dependence concept, i.e., the notion that the probability of a trip starting at origin i is dependent on the probability of a trip ending at destination j given that the factors (such as travel time, cost, etc.) which affect travel between origin i and destination j assume some specific values. The derivation of the solution of the model employs the maximum entropy principle combining a priori multinomial distribution with a trip utility concept. This model is utilized to forecast trip distributions under a variety of policy changes and scenarios. The dependence coefficients are obtained from a regression equation where the functional form is derived based on conditional probability and perception of factors from experimental psychology. The dependence coefficients encode all the information that was previously encoded in the form of constraints. In addition, the dependence coefficients encode information that cannot be expressed in the form of constraints for practical reasons, namely, computational tractability. The equivalence between the standard formulation (i.e., objective function with constraints) and the dependence formulation (i.e., without constraints) is demonstrated. The parameters of the dependence-based trip-distribution model are estimated, and the model is also validated using commercial air travel data in the U.S. In addition, policy impact analyses (such as allowance of supersonic flights inside the U.S. and user surcharge at noise-impacted airports) on air travel are performed.

  15. UBC Social Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) Student Report Conducting a Sustainability Assessment on Fish Products with Extended Shelf-life at

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    play a role in bridging knowledge and action for reducing food products' carbon footprint. Our research, Natalie Wong, Patrick Xiao, Shu Ying Xuan, Yang Yang University of British Columbia AGSC450 April 10, 2009 that these reports may not reflect the current status of activities at UBC. We urge you to contact the research

  16. Sustainable Urban Development: A Literature Review and Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wheeler, Stephen

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Towards Sustainable Development and Sustainable Urban Forms,Sustainable Urban Development Sustainable Seattle Indicatorseds. , Making Development Sustainable: From Concepts to

  17. Article Title Page Understanding and advancing campus sustainability using a systems framework

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vermont, University of

    and ecological analysis, institutional energy and climate planning, and sustainability in higher education Clean Energy Fund, and developed strategies to promote efficiency and renewable energy production and social contexts in which it operates. A framework for strategically prioritizing campus sustainability

  18. Production

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Algae production R&D focuses on exploring resource use and availability, algal biomass development and improvements, characterizing algal biomass components, and the ecology and engineering of cultivation systems.

  19. Two-Stage, Integrated, Geothermal-CO2 Storage Reservoirs: An Approach for Sustainable Energy Production, CO2-Sequestration Security, and Reduced Environmental Risk

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Buscheck, T A; Chen, M; Sun, Y; Hao, Y; Elliot, T R

    2012-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

    We introduce a hybrid two-stage energy-recovery approach to sequester CO{sub 2} and produce geothermal energy at low environmental risk and low cost by integrating geothermal production with CO{sub 2} capture and sequestration (CCS) in saline, sedimentary formations. Our approach combines the benefits of the approach proposed by Buscheck et al. (2011b), which uses brine as the working fluid, with those of the approach first suggested by Brown (2000) and analyzed by Pruess (2006), using CO{sub 2} as the working fluid, and then extended to saline-formation CCS by Randolph and Saar (2011a). During stage one of our hybrid approach, formation brine, which is extracted to provide pressure relief for CO{sub 2} injection, is the working fluid for energy recovery. Produced brine is applied to a consumptive beneficial use: feedstock for fresh water production through desalination, saline cooling water, or make-up water to be injected into a neighboring reservoir operation, such as in Enhanced Geothermal Systems (EGS), where there is often a shortage of a working fluid. For stage one, it is important to find economically feasible disposition options to reduce the volume of brine requiring reinjection in the integrated geothermal-CCS reservoir (Buscheck et al. 2012a). During stage two, which begins as CO{sub 2} reaches the production wells; coproduced brine and CO{sub 2} are the working fluids. We present preliminary reservoir engineering analyses of this approach, using a simple conceptual model of a homogeneous, permeable CO{sub 2} storage formation/geothermal reservoir, bounded by relatively impermeable sealing units. We assess both the CO{sub 2} sequestration capacity and geothermal energy production potential as a function of well spacing between CO{sub 2} injectors and brine/CO{sub 2} producers for various well patterns and for a range of subsurface conditions.

  20. Implementation of Sustainability at

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johansen, Tom Henning

    0 Assessing Implementation of Sustainability at UiO Grřnt UiO S u s t a i n a b i l i t y i n R e sustainability commitment among universities and proposed Best Green University Practices in 2010. It presents the current status of UiO Environmental Sustainability. #12;1 If you cannot measure it, you cannot manage it

  1. Financing Sustainable EnergyFinancing Sustainable Energy City of Berkeley

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    Financing Sustainable EnergyFinancing Sustainable Energy City of Berkeley #12;Source of Green House for Sustainable EnergyFramework for Sustainable Energy Financing District · Adopted new Special Tax Financing Law indebtedness by unanimous consent of property owner #12;Framework for Sustainable Energy

  2. Sustainability Studies at WWU Minor and Major

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zaferatos, Nicholas C.

    Sustainability Studies at WWU ­ Minor and Major Schematic Concept Draft October 13, 2008 Sustainability Faculty and Advisement: WWU Sustainability Academy WWW SUSTAINABILITY MINOR -- 30 Credits A. Sustainability Literacy, (4 Credits) B Sustainability research skills (9 Credits) C. Research and seminars

  3. Sustainability | Argonne National Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Sustainability "Much of Argonne's cutting-edge research is dedicated to discovery and development of clean energy solutions. We are tasked with an extraordinary opportunity-to...

  4. Developing Alaskan Sustainable Housing

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    The Association of Alaska Housing Authorities is holding a 3-day training event for housing development professionals titled Developing Alaskan Sustainable Housing (DASH). This is a unique...

  5. Sustainable Agriculture Loan Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Minnesota Sustainable Agriculture Loan program will provide loans to Minnesota residents actively engaged in farming for capital expenditures which enhance the environmental and economic...

  6. Law, Sustainability, and the Pursuit of Happiness

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farber, Daniel A.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of the steps needed for sustainability can actually improvesatisfaction. Thus, sustainability for society and theSustainability.

  7. Minimum Entangling Power is Close to Its Maximum

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jianxin Chen; Zhengfeng Ji; David W Kribs; Bei Zeng

    2012-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

    Given a quantum gate $U$ acting on a bipartite quantum system, its maximum (average, minimum) entangling power is the maximum (average, minimum) entanglement generation with respect to certain entanglement measure when the inputs are restricted to be product states. In this paper, we mainly focus on the 'weakest' one, i.e., the minimum entangling power, among all these entangling powers. We show that, by choosing von Neumann entropy of reduced density operator or Schmidt rank as entanglement measure, even the 'weakest' entangling power is generically very close to its maximal possible entanglement generation. In other words, maximum, average and minimum entangling powers are generically close. We then study minimum entangling power with respect to other Lipschitiz-continuous entanglement measures and generalize our results to multipartite quantum systems. As a straightforward application, a random quantum gate will almost surely be an intrinsically fault-tolerant entangling device that will always transform every low-entangled state to near-maximally entangled state.

  8. WWU Sustainability Curriculum Design Charrette

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zaferatos, Nicholas C.

    WWU Sustainability Curriculum Design Charrette Feburary 4, 2009 6-9 PM ­ (VU 462 AB) "What Does Sustainability Literacy look like at WWU"? Hosted by: WWU Sustainability Academy & WWU Sustainability Committee's Subcommittee on Curriculum Dear Colleagues: You are invited to join fellow WWU Sustainability Academy members

  9. Russell Ranch Sustainable Agriculture Facility Agricultural Sustainability Institute

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Davis, University of

    Russell Ranch Sustainable Agriculture Facility Agricultural Sustainability Institute College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences University of California, Davis Kate Scow, Deputy Director of Agricultural Sustainability Institute Professor, Department of LAWR With input from Steve Kaffka, Ford Denison

  10. Sustainability Statement Environment Team

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Metropolitan University www.mmu.ac.uk/environment MMU Annual Sustainability Statement 2008/2009 CO2 2 Contents 6 MMU Environment Strategy 7 Key Area 1 ­ Environmental Management Systems & Reporting 8 ­ 9 Key Area 2 ­ Energy and Carbon Emissions 10 ­ 11 Key Area 3 ­ Sustainable Buildings 12 Key Area 4 ­ Water

  11. UC Student Sustainability Survey Dr Matt Morris, Sustainability Advocate, UC Sustainability Office, October 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hickman, Mark

    1 2013 UC Student Sustainability Survey Dr Matt Morris, Sustainability Advocate, UC Sustainability (but like the 2011 survey, n=300) it also asked about specific sustainability initiatives on campus the findings from the 2012 survey, again indicating a strong level of student interest in sustainability

  12. UC Student Sustainability Survey Dr Matt Morris, Sustainability Advocate, UC Sustainability Office, October 2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hickman, Mark

    1 2012 UC Student Sustainability Survey Dr Matt Morris, Sustainability Advocate, UC Sustainability the results of the inaugural 2011 UC Sustainability Survey, and partly to test an alternative method asked questions relating to attitudes to and awareness of sustainability, as well as knowledge

  13. Architecture, Engineering and Construction Sustainability Report Biannual Sustainability Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kamat, Vineet R.

    Architecture, Engineering and Construction Sustainability Report Biannual Sustainability Report Projects $5 Million and Over February 2012 Alice Crocker Lloyd Hall Renovation

  14. SUSTAINABILITY, RESOURCE SUBSTITUTION IN ENERGY INPUTS AND LEARNING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    -renewable resource (like oil, coal) on the sustainability of consumption. The prospects for sustainability depend, the recent rise in oil prices. The energy inde- pendence argument was, at the beginning, one of the two reasons explaining the growth of nuclear energy production in the USA or France during the sixties

  15. Remote Sensing Applications for Sustainable Aquaculture in Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jiang, Wen

    Remote Sensing Applications for Sustainable Aquaculture in Africa Joseph E. Quansah1 , Gilbert L of the science with respect to remote sensing applications for aquaculture, including site location, aquaculture for multi-sensor remote sensing deployment to support sustainable fish production in these environments

  16. Supply Chain Network Design of a Sustainable Blood Banking System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nagurney, Anna

    Supply Chain Network Design of a Sustainable Blood Banking System Anna Nagurney and Amir H. Masoumi a sustainable network design / redesign model for the complex supply chain of human blood, which is a valuable yet highly perish- able product. Specifically, we consider the optimal design (or redesign) of a blood

  17. Hydrogen Production - Current Technology | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Current Technology Hydrogen Production - Current Technology The development of clean, sustainable, and cost-competitive hydrogen production processes is key to a viable future...

  18. CONCRETE PAVING & TEXTURING FOR SUSTAINABILITY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    CONCRETE PAVING & TEXTURING FOR SUSTAINABILITY Bernard Igbafen Izevbekhai, Research Operations 2012 #12;OUTLINE #12;SUSTAINABILITY · Meeting the needs of the present generation without compromising Brundtland Commission in 1987: · Successful application of the principles of sustainable development lies

  19. SUSTAINABILITY AND FOOD Anthropology Professors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Holliday, Vance T.

    SUSTAINABILITY AND FOOD Anthropology Professors Maribel Alvarez Diane Austin Mamadou Baro Tim. Potential Helpful Minors Environmental Studies Environmental Sciences Nutritional Science Sustainable Built Environments Sustainable Plant Systems Potential Employers Documentary Films Government Jobs

  20. Sustainable Development Research Institute fonds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Handy, Todd C.

    Sustainable Development Research Institute fonds Compiled by Erwin Wodarczak and Melanie Hardbattle Projects series Sous-fonds Description o "Women and Sustainable Development: Canadian Perspectives (UBC Library catalogue) #12;Fonds Description Sustainable Development Research Institute fonds. ­ 1985

  1. Environmental Frontier of Sustainability Science

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Takada, Shoji

    A Global Environmental Studies Frontier of Sustainability Science Akihisa MORI, Global Environmental Studies Satoshi KONISHI, Institute of Advanced Energy, etc Master July 14 frontier of Sustainability Science. Sustainability Science is a new academic field that was lately created

  2. Efficient Heuristic Algorithms for Maximum Utility Product Pricing ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

    Nov 19, 2012 ... [5] V. Guruswami, J. Hartline, A. Karlin, D. Kempe, C. Kenyon, and F. McSherry. On profit- maximizing envy-free pricing. Proceedings of the ...

  3. Universalities in hadron production and the maximum entropy principle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Kropivnitskaya; A. Rostovtsev

    2005-01-04T23:59:59.000Z

    A shape of statistical momentum distribution of hadrons produced in high energy particle collisions closely resembles one observed for a broad variety of phenomena in nature. An attempt was made to understand a genesis of this distribution beyond the context of each particular phenomenon.

  4. Diversity & Flexibility Key to Sustainability

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Plenary V: Biofuels and Sustainability: Acknowledging Challenges and Confronting MisconceptionsDiversity & Flexibility Key to SustainabilityDavid Babson, Senior Fuels Engineer, Union of...

  5. A positive approach to sustainability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dossa, Zahir (Zahir A.)

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Sustainability is a complex term that is becoming increasingly used. While extremely important, sustainability is often misused and misunderstood, yielding undesirable effects. Furthermore, many organizations promote the ...

  6. Constant Sustainable Consumption Rate in Optimal Growth with Exhaustible Resources*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wan, Frederic Yui-Ming

    's criterion of maximum sustainable consumption rate, previously formulated as a minimum-resource-extraction or not the constant unit resource extraction cost vanishes. The related problem of maximizing the terminal capital appetite for the earth's finite stock of nonrenew- able resources, such as fossil fuel and minerals, have

  7. The Sustainability FYE Cluster The Sustainability FYE Cluster will make sustainable urban living a core experience for First

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The Sustainability FYE Cluster The Sustainability FYE Cluster will make sustainable urban living University. The Sustainability community infuses the learning-living community with practical and theoretical approaches to sustainable living, merging students' living community with unique academic and field

  8. Use of Two Distillation Columns in Systems with Maximum Temperature Limitations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilchrist, James F.

    Use of Two Distillation Columns in Systems with Maximum Temperature Limitations Rebecca H. Masel, Pennsylvania 18015, United States ABSTRACT: Maximum temperature limitations are encountered in distillation of the bottoms product fixes the column base pressure and, hence, the condenser pressure. The distillate

  9. Office of Sustainability 2013-2014 Sustainability Ambassador Student Internship

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tipple, Brett

    Office of Sustainability 2013-2014 Sustainability Ambassador Student Internship Organization: The University of Utah Office of Sustainability's primary objective is to decrease the University's environmental of sustainability. We work with the many campus organizations on topics that include energy, food, water, grounds

  10. GPHY 421 Sustainable Cities Prof. Ulrich Kamp 1 SUSTAINABLE CITIES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vonessen, Nikolaus

    architecture, and urban forestry and agriculture. We will discuss how sustainable cities of today are, and howGPHY 421 ­ Sustainable Cities ­ Prof. Ulrich Kamp 1 SUSTAINABLE CITIES (GPHY 421) - Fall 2011 of sustainability efforts in cities around the world. Topics include, for example, urban sprawl and smart growth

  11. Review: Greenhouse Solutions with Sustainable Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamilton-Smith, Elery

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Solutions with Sustainable Energy By Mark DiesendorfSolutions with Sustainable Energy. Sydney, NSW: University

  12. May 07, 2009 Sustainability Task Force Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gleixner, Stacy

    . Sustainability Awareness at SJSU 23 - 28 6. Infusing Sustainability Across the Curriculum 29 ­ 30 7

  13. Y-12 Site-Sustainability Plan 2010

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sherry, T. D.; Kohlhorst, D. P.; Little, S. K.

    2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The accomplishments to date and the long-range planning of the Y-12 National Security Complex Energy Management program support the Department of Energy (DOE) and the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) vision for a commitment to energy efficiency and sustainability and to achievement of the guiding principles. The site is diligently working toward establishing and prioritizing projects to reach the goals that Executive Orders 13514 and 13423 set forth. Y-12 is working to communicate its sustainment vision through procedural, engineering, operational, and management practices. The site will make informed decisions that are based on the application of the fi ve guiding principles for High Performance Sustainable Buildings (HPSBs) to the maximum extent possible. Current limitations in achievement of the goals lie in the existing Future Years National Security Program funding profiles. Y-12 will continue to execute energy projects as funding becomes available or as they can be accomplished incrementally within existing funding profiles. All efforts will be made to integrate energy initiatives with ongoing site mission objectives. Figures ES.1-ES.4 show some examples of sustainability activities at the Y-12 Complex.

  14. Sustainability Leadership for the 21st Century: Who Are the Change Makers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, Jeff

    Sustainability Leadership for the 21st Century: Who Are the Change Makers Leith Sharp Sharp is a journey back into harmonious relationship with our living planet, with each other and with ourselves. #12 and Organic Food Production Sustainable Forestry Sustainable Fisheries Non Toxic Materials Closed Loop

  15. Dalhousie University Sustainable Procurement Checklist Dalhousie University (Halifax, NS) has a signed Sustainability Policy and Statement of Principles. Our

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brownstone, Rob

    sustainability policy, plan, and program that address issues such as energy, waste, co2 the performance requirements for ENERGY STAR certification. Meet Electronic Product relevant information. Provide electronic copies as well for distribution

  16. Total Sustainability Humber College

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thompson, Michael

    An Impending Global Disaster #12;3 Sustainability is NOT Climate Remediation #12;Our Premises "We cannot and ventilation Exclusively e-book based curriculum 2. Ethics of Care: "Care For" v. "Care About": "without

  17. High Performance Sustainable Building

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2011-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

    This Guide provides approaches for implementing the High Performance Sustainable Building (HPSB) requirements of DOE Order 413.3B, Program and Project Management for the Acquisition of Capital Assets. Cancels DOE G 413.3-6.

  18. JSC Sustainability Engagement Strategy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peterson, L.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , 1 Platinum) 2 ? The Agency?s sustainability policy is to execute NASA's mission without compromising our planet's resources. ? December 1972, Apollo 17 ? ? NASA provides photo of ?The Blue Marble? ? Catalyzes the Environmental Movement...

  19. JSC Sustainability Engagement Strategy 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peterson, L.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    JSC-Sustainability@mail.nasa.gov ? NASA has 10 healthy centers across the U.S. ? Johnson Space Center (JSC) is located in the southeast part of Houston, Texas. ? JSC primarily support human spaceflight development & operations. ? The JSC..., 1 Platinum) 2 ? The Agency?s sustainability policy is to execute NASA's mission without compromising our planet's resources. ? December 1972, Apollo 17 ? ? NASA provides photo of ?The Blue Marble? ? Catalyzes the Environmental Movement...

  20. Sustainable Energy Management Programs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hanner, S.

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Sustainable Energy Management Programs Steve Hanner Allen ISD/TEMA . ESL-KT-14-11-45 CATEE 2014: Clean Air Through Efficiency Conference, Dallas, Texas Nov. 18-20 Starting an Energy Management Program • Recognize need, Elicit District Commitment... • Appoint Energy Manager • Analyze Existing Conditions • Develop Plan • Implement and Monitor Program ESL-KT-14-11-45 CATEE 2014: Clean Air Through Efficiency Conference, Dallas, Texas Nov. 18-20 Sustainable Programs Feature – District Commitment...

  1. Sustainable Harvest for Food and Fuel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Grosshans, Raymond R.; Kostelnik, Kevin, M.; Jacobson, Jacob J.

    2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The DOE Biomass Program recently implemented the Biofuels Initiative, or 30x30 program, with the dual goal of reducing U.S. dependence on foreign oil by making cellulosic ethanol cost competitive with gasoline by 2012 and by replacing 30 percent of gasoline consumption with biofuels by 2030. Experience to date with increasing ethanol production suggests that it distorts agricultural markets and therefore raises concerns about the sustainability of the DOE 30 X 30 effort: Can the U.S. agricultural system produce sufficient feedstocks for biofuel production and meet the food price and availability expectations of American consumers without causing environmental degradation that would curtail the production of both food and fuel? Efforts are underway to develop computer-based modeling tools that address this concern and support the DOE 30 X 30 goals. Beyond technical agronomic and economic concerns, however, such models must account for the publics’ growing interest in sustainable agriculture and in the mitigation of predicted global climate change. This paper discusses ongoing work at the Center for Advanced Energy Studies that investigates the potential consequences and long-term sustainability of projected biomass harvests by identifying and incorporating “sustainable harvest indicators” in a computer modeling strategy.

  2. Sustainable Harvest for Food and Fuel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Raymond R. Grosshans; Kevin M. Kostelnik; Jacob J. Jacobson

    2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The DOE Biomass Program recently implemented the Biofuels Initiative, or 30x30 program, with the dual goal of reducing U.S. dependence on foreign oil by making cellulosic ethanol cost competitive with gasoline by 2012 and by replacing 30 percent of gasoline consumption with biofuels by 2030. Experience to date with increasing ethanol production suggests that it distorts agricultural markets and therefore raises concerns about the sustainability of the DOE 30x30 effort: Can the U.S. agricultural system produce sufficient feedstocks for biofuel production and meet the food price and availability expectations of American consumers without causing environmental degradation that would curtail the production of both food and fuel? Efforts are underway to develop computer-based modeling tools that address this concern and support the DOE 30x30 goals. Beyond technical agronomic and economic concerns, however, such models must account for the publics’ growing interest in sustainable agriculture and in the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions. This paper discusses ongoing work at the Center for Advanced Energy Studies that investigates the potential consequences and long-term sustainability of projected biomass harvests by identifying and incorporating “sustainable harvest indicators” in a computer modeling strategy.

  3. Sustainability at BPA 2013

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    none,

    2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    THIS IS THE THIRD YEAR BPA has reported on sustainability program accomplishments. The report provides an opportunity to review progress made on sustainability initiatives, evaluate how far we have come and how much we can improve. The program has demonstrated maturation as the concepts of sustainability and resource conservation are communicated and understood. The sustainability program started as an employee-driven “grass roots” effort in 2010. Sustainability is becoming a consideration in how work is performed. The establishment of several policies supporting sustainability efforts proves the positive progress being made. In 2009, BPA became a founder and member of The Climate Registry, a nonprofit collaboration that sets standards to calculate, verify and report greenhouse gas emissions. This year, BPA completed and published our Greenhouse Gas inventory for the years of 2009, 2010 and 2011. The 2012 inventory is currently in the process of third-party verification and scheduled for public release in January 2014. These inventories provide a concrete measure of the progress we are making.

  4. Going for "Green" Sustainable Building

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Going for "Green" Sustainable Building Certification Statistics Europe Status May 2011 rics.org/sustainability #12;Sustainable Building Certification Statistics Europe Foreword Investors are increasingly the usefulness of sustainability certificates in mainstreaming the uptake of so-called `green' buildings across

  5. School of Environment and Sustainability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saskatchewan, University of

    School of Environment and Sustainability Room 323, Kirk Hall 117 Science Place Saskatoon, SK S7N 5C8 Telephone: (306) 966-1985 E-mail: sens.info@usask.ca Master of Environment and Sustainability (MES) Opportunity Sustainability Science in the Delta Dialogue Network The School of Environment and Sustainability

  6. A Sustainability Plan for Princeton

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A Sustainability Plan for Princeton #12;Princeton University adopted its Sustainability Plan and environmental degradation, Princeton has a responsibility to shape the national sustainability agenda and alternative energy sources. The campus can serve as both a model for advanced sustainability practices

  7. Sustainability Across the Curriculum Symposium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Texas at Arlington, University of

    Sustainability Across the Curriculum Symposium March 23, 2011 9:00am ­ 12:00pm 100 Nedderman Hall, and Community Engagement Work Group of the University Sustainability Committee The "Sustainability Across Sustainability Committee will feature faculty and graduate student panels discussing a variety of topics related

  8. Harnessing Sustainability to Uplift Communities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hall, Sharon J.

    Harnessing Sustainability to Uplift Communities Thursday, February 28, 2013 12:00 - 1:30 p sustainable can also be applied to solve other problems. In this way, sustainability creates value sustainability is being applied locally to uplift communities from poverty and malnutrition. Brooks is a founder

  9. Security & Sustainability College of Charleston

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Young, Paul Thomas

    Security & Sustainability POLI 399 College of Charleston Fall 2013 Day/Time: T/H; 10@cofc.edu Office: 284 King Street, #206 (Office of Sustainability) Office Hours: by appt or virtual apt Instructor is that if sustained well-being and prosperity of human and ecological systems is the goal of sustainability

  10. Campus Sustainability at Virginia Tech

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Virginia Tech

    Campus Sustainability at Virginia Tech 2011 Annual Report Presented by the Virginia Tech Office of Energy and Sustainability #12;2 2011 ANNUAL REPORT ON CAMPUS SUSTAINABILITY AT VIRGINIA TECH 2011 Annual Report on Campus Sustainability at Virginia Tech Table of Contents Acknowledgement 3 Executive Summary 3

  11. Applied Sustainability Political Science 319

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Young, Paul Thomas

    1 Applied Sustainability Political Science 319 College of Charleston Spring 2013 Day/Time: TH 1 Address: fisherb@cofc.edu Office: 284 King Street, #206 (Office of Sustainability) Office Hours: by appt sustainability. It will focus on the development of semester-long sustainability projects, from conception

  12. Sustainable Stanford Greening Infrastructure & Choices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ;Communication and Publication Sustainable Stanford website Year In Review Annual Report Cardinal Green

  13. Environmental Studies Minor Sustainability Track

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , and decision-making in pursuit of sustainability goals Example courses: ECON 75 Environmental and Energy2/17/14 Environmental Studies Minor Sustainability Track W O R K S H E E T The sustainability track (numbered 10 or above) 1. One course in team problem-solving or design/innovation for sustainability 2. One

  14. Review of sustainability indices and indicators: Towards a new City Sustainability Index (CSI)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mori, Koichiro, E-mail: kmori@iis.u-tokyo.ac.jp [Institute of Industrial Science, University of Tokyo (Japan); Christodoulou, Aris, E-mail: aris.christodoulou@ucl.ac.uk [Centre for Transport Studies, University College London (United Kingdom)

    2012-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this paper is to discuss conceptual requirements for a City Sustainability Index (CSI) and to review existing major sustainability indices/indicators in terms of the requirements. The following indices are reviewed: Ecological Footprint (EF), Environmental Sustainability Index (ESI), Dashboard of Sustainability (DS), Welfare Index, Genuine Progress Indicator (GPI), Index of Sustainable Economic Welfare, City Development Index, emergy/exergy, Human Development Index (HDI), Environmental Vulnerability Index (EVI), Environmental Policy Index (EPI), Living Planet Index (LPI), Environmentally-adjusted Domestic Product (EDP), Genuine Saving (GS), and some applications of composite indices or/and multivariate indicators to local or regional context as case studies. The key conceptual requirements for an adequate CSI are: (i) to consider environmental, economic and social aspects (the triple bottom line of sustainability) from the viewpoint of strong sustainability; (ii) to capture external impacts (leakage effects) of city on other areas beyond the city boundaries particularly in terms of environmental aspects; (iii) to create indices/indicators originally for the purpose of assessing city sustainability; and (iv) to be able to assess world cities in both developed and developing countries using common axes of evaluation. Based on the review, we conclude that it is necessary to create a new CSI that enables us to assess and compare cities' sustainability performance in order to understand the global impact of cities on the environment and human life as compared with their economic contribution. In the future, the CSI will be able to provide local authorities with guidance toward sustainable paths. - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer We derive the four key requirements for a new City Sustainability Index (CSI) system. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer First, the triple bottom line must be considered in terms of strong sustainability. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Second, environmental leakage effects beyond city boundaries should be captured. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Third, 'city sustainability' should be originally considered when CSI is created. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Fourth, cities in developed and developing countries can be evaluated without bias.

  15. Maximum entropy segmentation of broadcast news 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Christensen, Heidi; Kolluru, BalaKrishna; Gotoh, Yoshihiko; Renals, Steve

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    speech recognizer and subsequently segmenting the text into utterances and topics. A maximum entropy approach is used to build statistical models for both utterance and topic segmentation. The experimental work addresses the effect on performance...

  16. Webinar: Landscape Design for Sustainable Bioenergy Systems

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Energy Department’s Bioenergy Technologies Office will present a live informational webcast on the Landscape Design for Sustainable Bioenergy Systems Funding Opportunity (DE-FOA-0001179) on November 3, 2014, 1:30 p.m.–3:00 p.m. Eastern Standard Time. This FOA seeks interdisciplinary projects that apply landscape design approaches to integrate cellulosic feedstock production into existing agricultural and forestry systems while maintaining or enhancing environmental and socio-economic sustainability including ecosystem services and food, feed, and fiber production. For the purposes of this FOA, cellulosic feedstock production refers to dedicated annual and perennial energy crops, use of agricultural and forestry residues, or a combination of these options.

  17. Maximum Economic Yield R. Quentin Grafton*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Botea, Adi

    in the biomass or stock size, the intrinsic growth rate, the discount rate 1 #12;and output and input price-state values of the biomass that maximises the sum of inter- temporal economic profits (dynamic b the biomass that maximises the sustained yield (bMSY) are evaluated under a range of conditions including when

  18. Integrated Coastal Resource Management: A Prescription for Sustainable Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    English, Brian J.

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    1996). Sustainable Development Sustainable developmentNations' role in sustainable development. In C. Thomas (protection and sustainable development. Another positive

  19. Estimating maximum sustainable injection pressure during geological sequestration of CO2 using coupled fluid flow and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vallée, Martin

    coupled fluid flow and geomechanical fault-slip analysis J. Rutqvist *, J. Birkholzer, F. Cappa, C demonstrates the use of coupled fluid flow and geomechanical fault slip (fault reactivation) analysis: Geological CO2 sequestration; geomechanics; Fault slip; Stress; Caprock integrity; CO2 injection 1

  20. Range Condition: Key to Sustained Ranch Productivity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McGinty, Allan; White, Larry D.

    2000-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Range condition, or a rangeland's "state of health," is an ecological measurement of the current condition of a range. Range condition is evaluated by the plant species composition. This leaflet explains the importance of range condition, how range...

  1. Energy efficiency and sustainability in production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oak Ridge National Laboratory

    by gas cooling evaporator water in/out Gas cooler water in/out COP 35° C 29° C 10 °C 90° C 4,3 40 °C 60° C 4,3 12° C 6° C 10 °C 90° C 3,5 30 °C 60° C 3,5 Gas cooling with temperature change company ewz supplies about 30% of required heat for heating and hot water for the slaughterhouse

  2. Sustainable Manufacturing – Greening Processes, Systems and Products

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dornfeld, David

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    University, Germany Edited by Prof. Dr. -lng. habil. Prof.E. h. Dr. -lng. E. h. Dr. h.c. Reimund Neugebauer Prof. T.

  3. Human-Centered Sustainable Product Design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Agogino, Alice M.

    , and elsewhere) !!Automobiles !! Packaging !! Waste electronics and appliances (e.g., WEEE) !! Hazardous substance bans (e.g., RoHS) !! Chemical hazard reporting (e.g. REACH) ·!Greenhouse gas reduction treaties and targets !!Kyoto Protocol !!U.S. city and state initiatives (e.g., California) Regulatory Drivers #12

  4. Sustainable Manufacturing – Greening Processes, Systems and Products

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dornfeld, David

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    house gas emissions and carbon footprint are numerous. Thisgas emissions and carbon footprint are numerous. In thispayback time • Carbon footprint • Efficiency improvement (

  5. Major Nutrient Recycling for Sustained Algal Production

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't YourTransport(FactDepartment ofLetterEconomyDr.Energy Maine State Historic5Slide 1 National

  6. Nigeria: Energy for sustainable development

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Eleri, E.O. [Fridtjof Nansen Inst., Oslo (Norway)

    1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Though an essentially contested concept, it is safe to acknowledge that the attainment of sustainable development requires that the growth and well-being of present generations are brought about in such ways that the ability of future people to meet their own needs will not be compromised. The availability of safe and sound energy as a factor of production is a key element in such a development process. Despite the abundance of energy resources, acute shortages of energy services have become endemic in Nigeria. This paper reassesses the common proposition that energy has fueled growth and development in Nigeria by its role as the chief source of state revenue and through its input into economic activities in the country. It is argued here, however, that conventional energy management in Nigeria has tended to create development flaws of its own. The article is divided into six sections: 1st, a general account of the energy and development linkages in Nigeria; 2nd, the failures of these linkages are assessed; 3rd, policy initiatives are considered that would be reconcilable to the nation`s sustainable development; 4th, the present reform agenda, its inadequacies and barriers are surveyed; 5th, the achievement of sustainable development, it is argued, will demand the re-institutionalization of the political economy of the energy sector in Nigeria, which will depend largely on the resolution of the dilemmas and conflicts in the country`s broader political and economic reforms; and 6th, an outlook is suggested for future policy development.

  7. Cell development obeys maximum Fisher information

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. R. Frieden; R. A. Gatenby

    2014-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

    Eukaryotic cell development has been optimized by natural selection to obey maximal intracellular flux of messenger proteins. This, in turn, implies maximum Fisher information on angular position about a target nuclear pore complex (NPR). The cell is simply modeled as spherical, with cell membrane (CM) diameter 10 micron and concentric nuclear membrane (NM) diameter 6 micron. The NM contains about 3000 nuclear pore complexes (NPCs). Development requires messenger ligands to travel from the CM-NPC-DNA target binding sites. Ligands acquire negative charge by phosphorylation, passing through the cytoplasm over Newtonian trajectories toward positively charged NPCs (utilizing positive nuclear localization sequences). The CM-NPC channel obeys maximized mean protein flux F and Fisher information I at the NPC, with first-order delta I = 0 and approximate 2nd-order delta I = 0 stability to environmental perturbations. Many of its predictions are confirmed, including the dominance of protein pathways of from 1-4 proteins, a 4nm size for the EGFR protein and the approximate flux value F =10^16 proteins/m2-s. After entering the nucleus, each protein ultimately delivers its ligand information to a DNA target site with maximum probability, i.e. maximum Kullback-Liebler entropy HKL. In a smoothness limit HKL approaches IDNA/2, so that the total CM-NPC-DNA channel obeys maximum Fisher I. Thus maximum information approaches non-equilibrium, one condition for life.

  8. Sustainable NREL - Site Sustainability Plan FY 2015 (Management Publication)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    NREL's Site Sustainability Plan FY 2015 reports on sustainability plans for the lab for the year 2015 based on Executive Order Goals and provides the status on planned actions cited in the FY 2014 report.

  9. Sustainable Buildings and Infrastructure | Department of Energy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Sustainable Buildings Implementation Plan DOE Sustainable Buildings and Campuses USGBC Roadmap to Sustainable Government Buildings DOE Greening Federal Facilities, Resource Guide...

  10. The Green Cathedral: Sustainable Development of Amazonia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tobin, R. James

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Green Cathedral: Sustainable Development of Amazonia R.The Green Cathedral: Sustainable Development of Amazonia. (Ais between sustainable and unsustainable development of the

  11. Is sustainability science really a science?

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Is sustainability science really a science? Is sustainability science really a science? The team's work shows that although sustainability science has been growing explosively...

  12. Campus Sustainability Office Campus Planning Office

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Caughman, John

    Campus Sustainability Office (CSO) Campus Planning Office (CPO) Campus Sustainability Manager (Molly Bressers) Campus Sustainability Office and Campus Planning Office September 2014 Student Employee

  13. Sustainable Development: Physical and Moral Issues

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hermanowicz, S W

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Sustainable Development: Physical and Moral Issues Slav W.e-mail: hermanowicz@ce.berkeley.edu Sustainable developmentaims and objectives of sustainable development are right and

  14. Guide to Sustainable Development and Environmental Policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mirza, Umar Karim

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Review: Guide to Sustainable Development and EnvironmentalEds. ). Guide to Sustainable Development and EnvironmentalThe Guide to Sustainable Development and Environmental

  15. Pursuing happiness: The architecture of sustainable change

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lyubomirsky, S; Sheldon, K M; Schkade, D

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Activity Set Point Architecture of Sustainable Happiness 46Circumstantial Change Architecture of Sustainable HappinessSage Foundation. Architecture of Sustainable Happiness 36

  16. By By-Products Utilization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

    Center for By By-Products Utilization THE ROLE OF FLOWABLE SLURRY IN SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENTS of Flowable Slurry in Sustainable Developments in Civil Engineering Tarun R. Naik and Rudolph N. Kraus Materials (CLSM) incorporating industrial by-products (coal fly ash, and used foundry sand). CLSM reference

  17. Sustainability of Concrete forSustainability of Concrete for Infrastructure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bertini, Robert L.

    Sustainability of Concrete forSustainability of Concrete for Infrastructure Dr. Jason H. Ideker limits sustainability in concrete materials? ­ Degradation: Alkali-silica reaction ­ Environmental for infrastructure rehabilitation and rapid repair ­ Instrumentation and monitoring to track performance · Testing

  18. Maximum Likelihood Haplotyping for General Pedigrees

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Friedman, Nir

    networks. The use of Bayesian networks enables efficient maximum likelihood haplotyping for more complex for the variables of the Bayesian network. The presented optimization algorithm also improves likelihood Analysis, Pedigree, superlink. Abstract Haplotype data is valuable in mapping disease-susceptibility genes

  19. Weak Scale From the Maximum Entropy Principle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yuta Hamada; Hikaru Kawai; Kiyoharu Kawana

    2014-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

    The theory of multiverse and wormholes suggests that the parameters of the Standard Model are fixed in such a way that the radiation of the $S^{3}$ universe at the final stage $S_{rad}$ becomes maximum, which we call the maximum entropy principle. Although it is difficult to confirm this principle generally, for a few parameters of the Standard Model, we can check whether $S_{rad}$ actually becomes maximum at the observed values. In this paper, we regard $S_{rad}$ at the final stage as a function of the weak scale ( the Higgs expectation value ) $v_{h}$, and show that it becomes maximum around $v_{h}={\\cal{O}}(300\\text{GeV})$ when the dimensionless couplings in the Standard Model, that is, the Higgs self coupling, the gauge couplings, and the Yukawa couplings are fixed. Roughly speaking, we find that the weak scale is given by \\begin{equation} v_{h}\\sim\\frac{T_{BBN}^{2}}{M_{pl}y_{e}^{5}},\

  20. Weak Scale From the Maximum Entropy Principle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamada, Yuta; Kawana, Kiyoharu

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The theory of multiverse and wormholes suggests that the parameters of the Standard Model are fixed in such a way that the radiation of the $S^{3}$ universe at the final stage $S_{rad}$ becomes maximum, which we call the maximum entropy principle. Although it is difficult to confirm this principle generally, for a few parameters of the Standard Model, we can check whether $S_{rad}$ actually becomes maximum at the observed values. In this paper, we regard $S_{rad}$ at the final stage as a function of the weak scale ( the Higgs expectation value ) $v_{h}$, and show that it becomes maximum around $v_{h}={\\cal{O}}(300\\text{GeV})$ when the dimensionless couplings in the Standard Model, that is, the Higgs self coupling, the gauge couplings, and the Yukawa couplings are fixed. Roughly speaking, we find that the weak scale is given by \\begin{equation} v_{h}\\sim\\frac{T_{BBN}^{2}}{M_{pl}y_{e}^{5}},\

  1. Integrating Correlated Bayesian Networks Using Maximum Entropy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jarman, Kenneth D.; Whitney, Paul D.

    2011-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider the problem of generating a joint distribution for a pair of Bayesian networks that preserves the multivariate marginal distribution of each network and satisfies prescribed correlation between pairs of nodes taken from both networks. We derive the maximum entropy distribution for any pair of multivariate random vectors and prescribed correlations and demonstrate numerical results for an example integration of Bayesian networks.

  2. ENERGY, CLIMATE AND SUSTAINABLE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ENERGY, CLIMATE AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT NAMAs and the Carbon Market Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions of developing countries PersPectives series 2009 #12;NAMAs and the Carbon MarketPPrOPriate MitigatiON actiONs: china's experience and Perspective . . . . . . . . . . . 11 Fei

  3. Manchester Metropolitan University Sustainability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    key technologies such as rainwater harvesting and grey water systems to reduce our water usage & Healthy Buildings Water savings · We've reduced our yearly water consumption by 12.1%. · We've utilised of the most visibly sustainable in Manchester city centre. 2,592,000 Ltr Water Management Biodiversity 39 #12

  4. High Performance Sustainable Building

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2008-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

    The guide supports DOE O 413.3A and provides useful information on the incorporation of high performance sustainable building principles into building-related General Plant Projects and Institutional General Plant Projects at DOE sites. Canceled by DOE G 413.3-6A. Does not cancel other directives.

  5. Governance and Environmental Sustainability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in their adoption of environmental protection and natural resource conservation policies? · If variation in cityGovernance and Environmental Sustainability Ann Bowman Kennedy Chair at the Bush School #12;Outline Policymakers and specific environmental media Implementation Local communities and multi- media #12

  6. Sustainable Office Lighting Options

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    Sustainable Office Lighting Options Task Lighting: Task lighting is a localized method of lighting a workspace so that additional, unnecessary lighting is eliminated, decreasing energy usage and costs. Illumination levels in the targeted work areas are higher with task lighting than with the ambient levels

  7. HumanoidHospital Sustainable

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beex, A. A. "Louis"

    HHO HumanoidHospital Nanoscale Science Nano-Bio Interface Sustainable Energy Renewable Materials Areas Vision IcHHo will address the problem of accidental medical errors by developing an intelligent real-life medical scenarios. Mission IcHHO will develop interactive Humanoid Patients (male, female

  8. Cities and Sustainable Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . The information and communications revolution has spawned the idea of the "smart city," which places the relevant technologies at the heart of systems that collect and respond to information: smart power grids, smartCities and Sustainable Development By: Jeffrey D. Sachs NOV 25, 2013 NEW YORK ­ Tacloban

  9. of Biofuels Sustainable Feedstocks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The Next Generation of Biofuels Sustainable Feedstocks Cost-Competitive Options #12;Photos courtesy the evolutionary code for an entirely new generation of biofuels capable of transforming the American automobile biofuels at a cost competitive with that of gasoline. Equally important, they are using crops

  10. SFU SUSTAINABILITY STRATEGIC PLAN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    a priority in the early 1980s, and recycling was begun in the early 1990s in response to lobbying it became a signatory to the Talloires Declaration. The Policy articulates two principles that led directly them." In 2012, these fundamental commitments led to the creation of a new Senior Sustainability

  11. Biomarkers for Sustainable

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for Sustainable Environments PaCIFIC NorThwEST NaTIoNaL LaBoraTory Detecting environmental damage before it's too to significantly alter our environment, and environmental damage will ultimately disrupt our economy. Our efforts an environmental monitoring strategy based on predictive indicators that detect environmental risks before damage

  12. For Immediate Release: January 30, 2008 Sustaining Virginia's Forests through Forest Certification

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and products processed in ways that sustain forest health, minimize energy wastes, follow local laws, and the people and communities that depend upon them. One strategy is forest certification. Certification of forests and forest products is touted as a strategy for sustaining forests and the life support services

  13. Soil quality standards and guidelines for forest sustainability in northwestern North America$

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Soil quality standards and guidelines for forest sustainability in northwestern North America of the ®rst in the world to be developed to evaluate changes in forest soil productivity and sustainability and include diagnostic criteria for evaluating management-caused changes to soil productivity. Research

  14. Evanescent Photosynthesis: A new approach to sustainable biofuel Matthew D. Ooms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pedersen, Tom

    Evanescent Photosynthesis: A new approach to sustainable biofuel production by Matthew D. Ooms #12;Abstract Evanescent Photosynthesis: A new approach to sustainable biofuel production Matthew D biofuel and other high value compounds through direct conversion of CO2 and water using energy from

  15. The Sustainable Building-Accelerator 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maassen, W.H.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    stages to generate optimal design solutions. The ''Sustainable Building - Accelerator'' supports stakeholders to decide on sustainable solutions by giving them cost and benefit information of design solutions. This information provides them...

  16. Sustainable FACULTY OF APPLIED SCIENCE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michelson, David G.

    Working Together Towards a Sustainable Energy Future FACULTY OF APPLIED SCIENCE Clean Energy aspects of sustainable energy solutions, and is committed to using its extensive expertise to serve, Electrical & Computer, Materials, Mechanical, Mining), the School of Architecture & Landscape Architecture

  17. D o s s i e r Second and Third Generation Biofuels: Towards Sustainability and Competitiveness

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    D o s s i e r Second and Third Generation Biofuels: Towards Sustainability and Competitiveness available for the production of bio-product or biofuels. In comparison with wood lignins which contain

  18. Value mapping for sustainable business thinking

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bocken, N. M. P.; Rana, P.; Short, S. W.

    2015-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

    of manufacturing organizations. Sustainable manufacturing as described by Rashid et al. [36] is characterized by strat- egies such as waste minimization, material and resource efficiency and eco-efficiency, the latter being defined as creating more value... opening debate over impacts, trade-offs and compromises 4 Eight workshops with start-ups in logistics/ transport, software and hardware products and various manufacturing sectors (e.g. photovoltaics) Cambridge, Aug 2013–July 2014 Provide additional focus...

  19. "Sustainable energy is critical to Canada's economic future." carleton.ca/sustainable-energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dawson, Jeff W.

    "Sustainable energy is critical to Canada's economic future." carleton.ca/sustainable-energy GRADUATE PROGRAMS IN SUSTAINABLE ENERGY SHAPE YOUR FUTURE BASED ON YOUR RESEARCH INTERESTS Sustaining programs in sustainable energy address these crucial challenges in a unique interdisciplinary fashion

  20. Economic Sustainability and Ecological Compatibility

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Economic Sustainability and Ecological Compatibility: Where is the room to move? October 21st - 22: Economic Sustainability and Ecological Compatibility: Where is the room to move? October 21st - 22nd , 2010, Economic Sustainability: Room to Move? Workshop Hosted by Colorado Forest Restoration Institute Walden

  1. Master of science in Sustainability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Master of science in Sustainability Management #12;"As someone who is passionate about sustainability, I want my work to have an impact and I know my future efforts will have an even greater impact on society with the knowledge and experience I gain from the program." --Davida Heller, Sustainability

  2. Our commitment to business sustainability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Our commitment to business sustainability `Timber is one of the most environmentally friendly intensive materials' Sustainability is about achieving a balance between meeting the needs of humans that sustainable principles are embedded in every aspect of our business ­ which means considering our impact

  3. SUSTAINABILITY CONNECTIONISSUE 12 JANUARY 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crawford, T. Daniel

    SUSTAINABILITY FOCUS ON ICTAS CONNECTIONISSUE 12 · JANUARY 2013 A V I R G I N I A T E C H R E S E SUSTAINABILITY and the FABRIC OF ICTAS RESEARCH Building a future that includes the availability of water, energy to Examine the Building Plumbing Microbiome New Faces at ICTAS ICTAS Center of Excellence in Sustainable

  4. Nordic network for Sustainable Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nordic network for Sustainable Energy Systems in Isolated Locations (NordSESIL) Gordon A. Mackenzie of the Nordic region to access sustainable energy solutions by creating and stimulating a network of relevant sustainable energy projects happening' in isolated areas of the Nordic region. #12;Partners, organisation (1

  5. WANGER INSTITUTE FOR SUSTAINABLE ENERGY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heller, Barbara

    WANGER INSTITUTE FOR SUSTAINABLE ENERGY RESEARCH (WISER) Strategic Plan Summary #12;WISER Strategic Plan Summary | 1 WANGER INSTITUTE FOR SUSTAINABLE ENERGY RESEARCH (WISER) STRATEGIC PLAN SUMMARY 1 by developing and supporting undergraduate research in energy and sustainability related areas. · Develop co

  6. Towards Evidence-Based Sustainable

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Hai

    Towards Evidence- Based Sustainable Communities Report on Survey of Urban Sustainability Centers 2. Template of Initial Outreach E-Mail to Research Centers 41 Appendix 3. Template of E-Mail to Research Centers Containing Link to Survey 42 Appendix 4. Sustainability Centers Survey 44 Appendix 5

  7. Modelling sustainable development Ivar Ekeland

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ekeland, Ivar

    Modelling sustainable development Ivar Ekeland www.ceremade.dauphine.fr/~ekeland CERMADE.ceremade.dauphine.fr/~ekeland (CERMADE, Universite Paris-Dauphine)Modelling sustainable development Collloque Sorin, IHP, Juin 2012 1 / 17 #12;Sustainable development The de...nition given by the Brundtland commision to the UN (1987

  8. REGULATORY CONCEPTS ON SUSTAINABILITY GOALS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Energy Commission staff find no single definition or measurement system for sustainability Requirements AB 118 requires the Energy Commission to develop and implement sustainability goals as part Section 44271(a)(2) requires the Energy Commission to: "Establish sustainability goals to ensure

  9. 2012 Sustainability Plan Public Version

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    Sustainability Plan (SP) meets the Executive Order (EO) 13514, Federal Leadership in Environmental, Energy1 2012 Sustainability Plan Public Version 16 November 2012 Point of Contact: Candice S. Walters, and Economic Performance, Section 8 requirement to annually update an integrated Strategic Sustainability

  10. Y-12 Sustainable Design Principles for Building Design and Construction

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jackson, J. G.

    2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    B&W Y-12 is committed to modernizing the Y-12 complex to meet future needs with a sustainable and responsive infrastructure and to integrating sustainability principles and practices into Y-12 work (Y72-001, B&W Y-12 Environmental, Safety and Health Policy). This commitment to sustainability and specifically sustainable design of buildings is also incorporated into Presidential Executive Orders (EO), DOE Orders (DOE O), and goals. Sustainable building design is an approach to design, construct, and operate facilities in an efficient and environmentally sound manner that will produce a healthful, resource-efficient and productive working environment that is inherently protective of the environment. The DOE has established the following 5 Guiding Principles for High Performance Sustainable Building (HPSB), and has issued directives that require Y-12 to incorporate the principles and a number of supporting specific practices and techniques into building design, construction and renovation projects: (1) Employ Integrated Design Principles; (2) Optimize Energy Performance; (3) Protect and Conserve Water; (4) Enhance Indoor Environmental Quality; and (5) Reduce Environmental Impact of Materials. The purpose of this document is to present the required sustainable building principles, practices and techniques, summarize the key drivers for incorporating them into Y-12 projects, and present additional recommendations and resources that can be used to support sustainable buildings to enhance the environmental and economic performance of the Y-12 Complex.

  11. Benchmarking Sustainability: the use of Indicators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zaferatos, Nicholas C.

    Benchmarking Sustainability: the use of Indicators Introduction The concept of sustainable development is both very popular and elusive. The overwhelming appeal of sustainability is situated to build a generally shared perception of sustainable development (Butler, 1998). For many people

  12. THE UNIVERSITY OF UTAH OFFICE OF SUSTAINABILITY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feschotte, Cedric

    THE UNIVERSITY OF UTAH OFFICE OF SUSTAINABILITY THE UNIVERSITY OF UTAH OFFICE OF SUSTAINABILITY THE UNIVERSITY OF UTAH OFFICE OF SUSTAINABILITY GREENERGREENERGREENERGREENERGREENERGREENERGREENERGREENERGREENERGREENERGREENERGREENERFall 2010 - Spring 2011 GREENERGREENERGREENERGREENERGREENERGREENER Working for a Sustainable Campus

  13. Sustainability Plan Part I: Strategy and Goals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Escher, Christine

    Sustainability Plan Part I: Strategy and Goals Prepared By: Oregon State University Sustainability University (OSU) Sustainable Facilities Committee (SFC) was established in November, 2004 by the OSU infrastructure and operations toward sustainability. Additionally, the group serves as a discussion forum

  14. Course Syllabus -Page 1 Sustainable Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hermanowicz, Slawomir W.

    Course Syllabus - Page 1 Sustainable Development: Ethics, Physics and Technology Proposed Course 94720, USA Course Description Although sustainability and sustainable development have become common issue underlying sustainable development, change and its limits, from different perspectives: ethics

  15. Soil erosion and agricultural sustainability David R. Montgomery*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Montgomery, David R.

    Soil erosion and agricultural sustainability David R. Montgomery* Department of Earth and Space conventionally plowed agricultural fields average 1­2 orders of magnitude greater than rates of soil production indicates that, considered globally, hill- slope soil production and erosion evolve to balance geologic

  16. CONSULTATION RESPONSE Wellcome Trust response to Sustainable Food

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rambaut, Andrew

    solutions for the production of healthy and sustainable food. As a research funder dedicated to improving to Nutrition Index (ATNI),2 which will rate companies' performance in providing nutritious products human and animal health, the Wellcome Trust has a growing interest in this area and our 2010

  17. Hydrogen production from water: Recent advances in photosynthesis research

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Greenbaum, E.; Lee, J.W. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States). Chemical Technology Div.

    1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The great potential of hydrogen production by microalgal water splitting is predicated on quantitative measurement of the algae`s hydrogen-producing capability, which is based on the following: (1) the photosynthetic unit size of hydrogen production; (2) the turnover time of photosynthetic hydrogen production; (3) thermodynamic efficiencies of conversion of light energy into the Gibbs free energy of molecular hydrogen; (4) photosynthetic hydrogen production from sea water using marine algae; (5) the potential for research advances using modern methods of molecular biology and genetic engineering to maximize hydrogen production. ORNL has shown that sustained simultaneous photoevolution of molecular hydrogen and oxygen can be performed with mutants of the green alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii that lack a detectable level of the Photosystem I light reaction. This result is surprising in view of the standard two-light reaction model of photosynthesis and has interesting scientific and technological implications. This ORNL discovery also has potentially important implications for maximum thermodynamic conversion efficiency of light energy into chemical energy by green plant photosynthesis. Hydrogen production performed by a single light reaction, as opposed to two, implies a doubling of the theoretically maximum thermodynamic conversion efficiency from {approx}10% to {approx}20%.

  18. The number e^{(1/2)} is the ratio between the time of maximum value and the time of maximum growth rate for restricted growth phenomena?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zi-Niu Wu

    2013-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

    For many natural process of growth, with the growth rate independent of size due to Gibrat law and with the growth process following a log-normal distribution, the ratio between the time (D) for maximum value and the time (L) for maximum growth rate (inflexion point) is then equal to the square root of the base of the natural logarithm (e^{1/2}). On the logarithm scale this ratio becomes one half ((1/2)). It remains an open question, due to lack of complete data for various cases with restricted growth, whether this e^{1/2} ratio can be stated as e^{1/2}-Law. Two established examples already published, one for an epidemic spreading and one for droplet production, support however this ratio. Another example appears to be the height of humain body. For boys the maximum height occurs near 23 years old while the maximum growth rate is at the age near 14, and there ratio is close to e^{1/2}. The main theoretical base to obtain this conclusion is problem independent, provided the growth process is restricted, such as public intervention to control the spreading of communicable epidemics, so that an entropy is associated with the process and the role of dissipation, representing the mechanism of intervention, is maximized. Under this formulation the principle of maximum rate of entropy production is used to make the production process problem independent.

  19. City of Bloomington - Sustainable Development Incentives | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Bloomington - Sustainable Development Incentives City of Bloomington - Sustainable Development Incentives < Back Eligibility Commercial Construction Industrial Residential Savings...

  20. QCD Level Density from Maximum Entropy Method

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shinji Ejiri; Tetsuo Hatsuda

    2005-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

    We propose a method to calculate the QCD level density directly from the thermodynamic quantities obtained by lattice QCD simulations with the use of the maximum entropy method (MEM). Understanding QCD thermodynamics from QCD spectral properties has its own importance. Also it has a close connection to phenomenological analyses of the lattice data as well as experimental data on the basis of hadronic resonances. Our feasibility study shows that the MEM can provide a useful tool to study QCD level density.

  1. Tissue Radiation Response with Maximum Tsallis Entropy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sotolongo-Grau, O.; Rodriguez-Perez, D.; Antoranz, J. C.; Sotolongo-Costa, Oscar [UNED, Departamento de Fisica Matematica y de Fluidos, 28040 Madrid (Spain); UNED, Departamento de Fisica Matematica y de Fluidos, 28040 Madrid (Spain) and University of Havana, Catedra de Sistemas Complejos Henri Poincare, Havana 10400 (Cuba); University of Havana, Catedra de Sistemas Complejos Henri Poincare, Havana 10400 (Cuba)

    2010-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

    The expression of survival factors for radiation damaged cells is currently based on probabilistic assumptions and experimentally fitted for each tumor, radiation, and conditions. Here, we show how the simplest of these radiobiological models can be derived from the maximum entropy principle of the classical Boltzmann-Gibbs expression. We extend this derivation using the Tsallis entropy and a cutoff hypothesis, motivated by clinical observations. The obtained expression shows a remarkable agreement with the experimental data found in the literature.

  2. A global maximum power point tracking DC-DC converter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duncan, Joseph, 1981-

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis describes the design, and validation of a maximum power point tracking DC-DC converter capable of following the true global maximum power point in the presence of other local maximum. It does this without the ...

  3. ORNL Sustainable Campus Initiative

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Halford, Christopher K [ORNL] [ORNL

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The research conducted at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) spans many disciplines and has the potential for far-reaching impact in many areas of everyday life. ORNL researchers and operations staff work on projects in areas as diverse as nuclear power generation, transportation, materials science, computing, and building technologies. As the U.S. Department of Energy s (DOE) largest science and energy research facility, ORNL seeks to establish partnerships with industry in the development of innovative new technologies. The primary focus of this current research deals with developing technologies which improve or maintain the quality of life for humans while reducing the overall impact on the environment. In its interactions with industry, ORNL serves as both a facility for sustainable research, as well as a representative of DOE to the private sector. For these reasons it is important that the everyday operations of the Laboratory reflect a dedication to the concepts of stewardship and sustainability.

  4. Greensburg Sustainable Comprehensive Plan

    High Performance Buildings Database

    Greensburg, KS In October 2007, the architectural and planning firm, BNIM, was selected formally by the City of Greensburg, with support from the USDA, to prepare the first phase of a comprehensive master plan to rebuild the city, which provides a framework for the rebuilding of Greensburg based around the principles of economic, social and environmental sustainability. The BNIM Planning team presented the final draft of Greensburg's Comprehensive Plan to the City Council and to a public hearing on January 16, 2008.

  5. Sustainability: Energy Efficiency

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over Our InstagramStructure ofIndustrialSupportingAlbedofsidentoihonorsSustainability:

  6. Sustainable Environment Technologies (4578)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over Our InstagramStructureProposed Action Title: Sustainable Environment Technologies

  7. articulatorily constrained maximum: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    weight spanning forests. Amitabha Bagchi; Ankur Bhargava; Torsten Suel 2005-01-01 27 Maximum Entropy Correlated Equilibria MIT - DSpace Summary: We study maximum entropy...

  8. Kai Lindow -List of Publications Lindow, K.; Woll, R.; Stark, R. A Conceptual Framework for Sustainable Engineering Design. In

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berlin,Technische Universität

    for Sustainable Product Creation. Proceedings of the 17th International Conference on Concurrent Engineering, CE for Sustainable Engineering Design. In: Dornfeld, D. A.; Linke, B. S. (Eds.): Leveraging Technology for a Sustainable World. Proceedings of the 19th CIRP Conference on Life Cycle Engineering (LCE 2012), 23 - 25 May

  9. Conductivity maximum in a charged colloidal suspension

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bastea, S

    2009-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

    Molecular dynamics simulations of a charged colloidal suspension in the salt-free regime show that the system exhibits an electrical conductivity maximum as a function of colloid charge. We attribute this behavior to two main competing effects: colloid effective charge saturation due to counterion 'condensation' and diffusion slowdown due to the relaxation effect. In agreement with previous observations, we also find that the effective transported charge is larger than the one determined by the Stern layer and suggest that it corresponds to the boundary fluid layer at the surface of the colloidal particles.

  10. Sustainability 2013 Poster Contest & Guidelines The Clark School Engineering Sustainability Workshop 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rubloff, Gary W.

    Sustainability 2013 Poster Contest & Guidelines The Clark School Engineering Sustainability Workshop 2013 Call for Submissions ­ Engineering Sustainability Student Poster Contest OPEN TO: All

  11. Sustainable Development and Sustainable Transportation: Strategies for Economic Prosperity, Environmental Quality, and Equity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deakin, Elizabeth

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Wimsatt, Alma. “Sustainable Development and International1098-A, September Sustainable Development and Public PolicyThe Economics of Sustainable Development. ” Population and

  12. Sustainable Development & Sustainable Transportation: Strategies for Economic Prosperity, Environmental Quality, and Equity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deakin, Elizabeth

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Wimsatt, Alma. “Sustainable Development and International1098-A, September Sustainable Development and Public PolicyThe Economics of Sustainable Development. ” Population and

  13. Examining Sustainable Development Policy in California Cities: 2011 Energy Sustainable California Communities Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kwon, Myungjung

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2004) “What Makes a Good Sustainable Development Plan? AnPrinciples of Sustainable Development,” Environment and1396. Examining Sustainable Development Policy in California

  14. Examining Sustainable Development Policy in California Cities: 2011 Energy Sustainable California Communities Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kwon, Myungjung

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Adoption of Energy Sustainability and Climate Protectionclimate protection and energy sustainability policy actions;climate protection and energy sustainability programs, such

  15. In the Viewpoints section, academics, practitioners and experts share their perspectives on policy questions relevant to sustainable development. In this issue, experts address the question

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vermont, University of

    " house, buying lots of environmentally sustainable products, driving his/her Prius 20,000 miles a year, cultural and ecological criteria, and how "business-as-usual" development and more sustainable alternatives

  16. Sustainable Forest Bioenergy Initiative

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Breger, Dwayne; Rizzo, Rob

    2011-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

    In the state’s Electricity Restructuring Act of 1998, the Commonwealth of Massachusetts recognized the opportunity and strategic benefits to diversifying its electric generation capacity with renewable energy. Through this legislation, the Commonwealth established one of the nation’s first Renewable Energy Portfolio Standard (RPS) programs, mandating the increasing use of renewable resources in its energy mix. Bioenergy, meeting low emissions and advanced technology standards, was recognized as an eligible renewable energy technology. Stimulated by the state’s RPS program, several project development groups have been looking seriously at building large woody biomass generation units in western Massachusetts to utilize the woody biomass resource. As a direct result of this development, numerous stakeholders have raised concerns and have prompted the state to take a leadership position in pursuing a science based analysis of biomass impacts on forest and carbon emissions, and proceed through a rulemaking process to establish prudent policy to support biomass development which can contribute to the state’s carbon reduction commitments and maintain safeguards for forest sustainability. The Massachusetts Sustainable Forest Bioenergy Initiative (SFBI) was funded by the Department of Energy and started by the Department of Energy Resources before these contentious biomass issues were fully raised in the state, and continued throughout the substantive periods of this policy development. Thereby, while SFBI maintained its focus on the initially proposed Scope of Work, some aspects of this scope were expanded or realigned to meet the needs for groundbreaking research and policy development being advanced by DOER. SFBI provided DOER and the Commonwealth with a foundation of state specific information on biomass technology and the biomass industry and markets, the most comprehensive biomass fuel supply assessment for the region, the economic development impact associated with biomass usage, an understanding of forest management trends including harvesting and fuel processing methods, and the carbon profile of utilizing forest based woody biomass for the emerging biomass markets. Each of the tasks and subtasks have provided an increased level of understanding to support new directives, policies and adaptation of existing regulations within Massachusetts. The project has provided the essential information to allow state policymakers and regulators to address emerging markets, while ensuring forest sustainability and understanding the complex science on CO2 accounting and impacts as a result of biomass harvesting for power generation. The public at large and electricity ratepayers in Massachusetts will all benefit from the information garnered through this project. This is a result of the state’s interest to provide financial incentives to only biomass projects that demonstrate an acceptable carbon profile, an efficient use of the constrained supply of fuel, and the harvest of biomass to ensure forest sustainability. The goals of the Massachusetts Sustainable Forest Bioenergy Initiative as proposed in 2006 were identified as: increase the diversity of the Massachusetts energy mix through biomass; promote economic development in the rural economy through forest industry job creation; help fulfill the state’s energy and climate commitments under the Renewable Energy Portfolio Standard and Climate Protection Plan; assist the development of a biomass fuel supply infrastructure to support energy project demands; provide education and outreach to the public on the benefits and impacts of bioenergy; improve the theory and practice of sustainable forestry in the Commonwealth. Completed project activities summarized below will demonstrate the effectiveness of the project in meeting the above goals. In addition, as discussed above, Massachusetts DOER needed to make some modifications to its work plan and objectives during the term of this project due to changing public policy demands brought forth in the course of the public discours

  17. Sustainable LED Fluorescent Light Replacement Technology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2011-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Ilumisys and the National Center for Manufacturing Sciences (NCMS) partnered on a three-year project awarded by the United States (U.S.) Department of Energy (DOE), to quantify the impacts of LED lamps, incandescent lamps and fluorescent benchmark lamps over a product lifecycle – i.e. to develop a sustainable design and manufacturing strategy that addresses product manufacturing, use, recycling and disposal scenarios for LED-based lighting. Based on the knowledge gained from extensive product tear-down studies of fluorescent and screw-in lighting products, lifecycle assessment tools, and accelerated lifecycle testing protocols, an interactive Sustainable LED Design Guide has been developed to aid architectural and lighting designers and engineers in making design decisions that consider three important environmental impacts (greenhouse gas emissions, energy use and mercury emission) across all phases of the life of an LED lighting product. Critical information developed for the lifecycle analysis and product feature comparisons is the useful life of the lighting product as well as its performance. The Design Guide is available at www.ncms.org, and was developed based on operational and durability testing of a variety of lighting products including power consumption, light output, and useful life of a lamp in order to allow a more realistic comparison of lamp designs. This report describes the main project tasks, results and innovative features of the lifecycle assessment (LCA)-based design tools, and the key considerations driving the sustainable design of LED lighting systems. The Design Guide incorporates the following three novel features for efficiently evaluating LED lighting features in value-chains: • Bill-of-Materials (BOM) Builder – Designers may import process data for each component and supply functional data for the product, including power, consumption, lumen output and expected useful life. • Environmental Impact Review – Designs are comparable across lifecycle phases, subsystems, and environmental impact category, and can be normalized to a userdefined functional unit. • Drill-down Review – These provide an indepth look at individual lamp designs with the ability to review across subsystem or lifecycle phase.

  18. Sustainability fact sheet

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the.pdfBreakingMayDepartment ofEnergy State and UtilitySustainability Around

  19. Sustainability | The Ames Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of ScienceandMesa del SolStrengthening a solid ...SuccessSurprising ControlSustainability Subscribe

  20. Enthusiastic employees: sustaining the Earth

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    innovations with some of the world's most powerful technology without consuming excessive energy or creating waste? Green Teams work hard to make sustainable choices at home, at...

  1. Benefits of Sustainable Building Design

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The application of sustainable building design not only helps Federal facilities meet laws and regulations, it also provides them with many other benefits. These benefits include:

  2. Introducing the DOE Sustainability Dashboard

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Please join us as we introduce DOE's new Sustainability Dashboard. This webinar will provide an overview and demonstration of the new Dashboard and offer an opportunity for questions.

  3. Sustainable Building Rating Systems Summary

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fowler, Kimberly M.; Rauch, Emily M.

    2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this document is to offer information that could be used to compare and contrast sustainable building rating systems.

  4. Developing Alaskan Sustainable Housing Training

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Hosted by the Association of Alaska Housing Authorities (AAHA), this three-day training event covers strategies and technical issues related to sustainable housing development.

  5. Sustainable Sourcing of Biomass Feedstock

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Opening Plenary Session: Bioenergy Sustainability—Charting the Path toward a Viable Future Al Lucier, Senior Vice President, National Council for Air and Stream Improvement, Inc.

  6. Maximum screening fields of superconducting multilayer structures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gurevich, Alex

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    It is shown that a multilayer comprised of alternating thin superconducting and insulating layers on a thick substrate can fully screen the applied magnetic field exceeding the superheating fields $H_s$ of both the superconducting layers and the substrate, the maximum Meissner field is achieved at an optimum multilayer thickness. For instance, a dirty layer of thickness $\\sim 0.1\\; \\mu$m at the Nb surface could increase $H_s\\simeq 240$ mT of a clean Nb up to $H_s\\simeq 290$ mT. Optimized multilayers of Nb$_3$Sn, NbN, some of the iron pnictides, or alloyed Nb deposited onto the surface of the Nb resonator cavities could potentially double the rf breakdown field, pushing the peak accelerating electric fields above 100 MV/m while protecting the cavity from dendritic thermomagnetic avalanches caused by local penetration of vortices.

  7. Soils Management, Site Productivity and Forest Nutrition: Nutrient Balance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ;#12;1) principals 2) strategies 3) implementation Sustainable Soil Management: #12;- maintenance of fertility soil management Strategies: #12;Examples of adaptive management models used for achieving sustainableSoils Management, Site Productivity and Forest Nutrition: Nutrient Balance and Availability

  8. Environmental indicators of biofuel sustainability: What about context?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Efroymson, Rebecca Ann [ORNL; Dale, Virginia H [ORNL; Kline, Keith L [ORNL; McBride, Allen [ORNL; Bielicki, Jeffrey M [ORNL; Smith, Raymond [U.S. Environmental Protection Agency; Parish, Esther S [ORNL; Schweizer, Peter E [ORNL; Shaw, Denice [U.S. Environmental Protection Agency

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Indicators of the environmental sustainability of biofuel production, distribution, and use should be selected, measured, and interpreted with respect to the context in which they are used. These indicators include measures of soil quality, water quality and quantity, greenhouse-gas emissions, biodiversity, air quality, and vegetation productivity. Contextual considerations include the purpose for the sustainability analysis, the particular biofuel production and distribution system (including supply chain, management aspects, and system viability), policy conditions, stakeholder values, location, temporal influences, spatial scale, baselines, and reference scenarios. Recommendations presented in this paper include formulating the problem for particular analyses, selecting appropriate context-specific indicators of environmental sustainability, and developing indicators that can reflect multiple environmental properties at low cost within a defined context. In addition, contextual considerations such as technical objectives, varying values and perspectives of stakeholder groups, and availability and reliability of data need to be understood and considered. Sustainability indicators for biofuels are most useful if adequate historical data are available, information can be collected at appropriate spatial and temporal scales, organizations are committed to use indicator information in the decision-making process, and indicators can effectively guide behavior toward more sustainable practices.

  9. Sustainability the forest and paper industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sustainability the forest and paper industry ­ on its way to sustainability #12;Contents Introduction The Forest and Paper Industry's Economic Profile A Key Social Actor Sustainable Forestry Practices;1 Sustainability 10 Years after Rio The Forest and Paper Industry's Messages Sustainability has become an essential

  10. SuStainability 02 University of Calgary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Calgary, University of

    SuStainability RepoRt 2012-2013 #12;02 University of Calgary Table of Contents What is Sustainability? The University of Calgary Sustainability Policy defines sustainability as articulated: "Sustainable development is development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability

  11. Sustainability 2012, 4, 210-226; doi:10.3390/su4020210 sustainability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sustainability 2012, 4, 210-226; doi:10.3390/su4020210 sustainability ISSN 2071-1050 www.mdpi.com/journal/sustainability accounting. Keywords: climate policy; burden sharing; negative emissions OPEN ACCESS #12;Sustainability 2012

  12. KTH Sustainability a bibliometric overview 1 KTH Sustainability a bibliometric overview

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haviland, David

    KTH Sustainability ­ a bibliometric overview 1 KTH Sustainability ­ a bibliometric overview Peter of Publication Infrastructure 2011-10-24, Version 1.0 Contents 1 KTH research on sustainability (hĺllbar ..............................................................................................................................14 5 Citation impact of KTH sustainability research

  13. Sustainability Peer Educator Group Lead Positions Position: Sustainability Peer Educators Group Lead

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boonstra, Rudy

    Sustainability Peer Educator Group Lead Positions Position: Sustainability Peer Educators Group times) Term of position: September 2013 ­ April 2014 Position Summary: Working with the Sustainability Project Coordinator, the Sustainability Peer Educator Group Leads will be responsible

  14. Efficient and Sustainable Energy: Ecology and Energy Challenges Energy Efficient and Sustainable Buildings M. Kostic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kostic, Milivoje M.

    Efficient and Sustainable Energy: Ecology and Energy Challenges Energy Efficient and Sustainable proven and the "cutting-edge" comprehensive buildings' "green & sustainable" energy technologies of the Northern Illinois Region, an inspiration for multidisciplinary "Energy & Environmental Sustainability

  15. Sustainable Development Student Intern Report 2013-2014 Sustainable Development Student Intern

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sustainable Development Student Intern Report 2013-2014 Sustainable Development Student Intern demonstrated its commitment to sustainable development through supporting student and university projects to sustainable development concentrated their efforts in both the campus and the Lennoxville community. Student

  16. Sustainability and Transport

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilbert, Richard

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Association for the Study of Peak Oil and Gas. Accessedoil (all petroleum liquids) peaked in 1985 (BP 2006) and world production will peak

  17. Sustainable Urban Development: A Literature Review and Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wheeler, Stephen

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Introduction I. What is Sustainable Development in General?PAGE Definitions of Sustainable Development Perspectiveson Sustainable Development Perspectives on Sustainable Urban

  18. Measuring and moderating the water resource impact of biofuel production and trade

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fingerman, Kevin Robert

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The  United  States'  Biofuel  Policies   and  Compliance  Water  Impacts  of  Biofuel  Extend  Beyond   Irrigation."  for  assessing  sustainable  biofuel  production."  

  19. Spring 2012 Denman Forestry Issues Series presents: Role of Forests and Forest Products in Carbon Mitigation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borenstein, Elhanan

    "Sustainable Production of Biofuels" Rick Gustafson "The Ever-evolving Case for a Carbon Tax" Shi-Ling Hsu

  20. Architecture, Engineering and Construction Sustainability Report Major Projects Quarterly Sustainability Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kamat, Vineet R.

    1 Architecture, Engineering and Construction Sustainability Report Major Projects Quarterly Sustainability Report June 2011 Alice Crocker Lloyd Hall Renovation

  1. Asian Perspectives on Sustainable Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hall, Sharon J.

    Asian Perspectives on Sustainable Development Thursday, March 28, 2013 9:00 ­ 10:30 a.m. Wrigley society can help spur a more sustainable growth. Pamela Mar's work focuses on Asian development, corporate and social development. Asia needs to rethink how it grows to ensure that social progress and environmental

  2. Economic Architecture and Sustainable Communities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hall, Sharon J.

    Economic Architecture and Sustainable Communities Wednesday, January 30, 2013 12:00 ­ 1:30 p and investment conditions during the sustainability movement. Join scientist and Green Sense radio show host Robert Colangelo and author and economic developer Mark Lautman to discuss how economic architecture

  3. Sustainable Internet Architecture PROJECT DESCRIPTION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kuzmanovic, Aleksandar

    Sustainable Internet Architecture PROJECT DESCRIPTION 1 Introduction The Internet currently plays that the problems in the current Internet architecture stem from its lack of sustainability which impedes future de of challenges. Numerous research studies on a new Internet architecture (e.g., [16, 37, 48, 54, 55]) have

  4. 8/10/12 Global Water Sustainability Flows Through Natural and Human Challenges --Environmental Protection 1/3eponline.com/articles/.../global-water-sustainability-flows-through-natural-and-human-challenges.aspx

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -water-sustainability-flows-through-natural-and-human-challenges.aspx Hot Topics Electric Vehicles Global Climate Change Green Building Hydraulic Fracturing Nuclear Energy Products by Category Products by Company Directories Environment Industry Directory Industry Links Water and sharing of international rivers have great impacts on water sustainability and quality. At the core

  5. Sustainability at UCSB CampusSustainability at UCSB Campus Perrin Pellegrin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bigelow, Stephen

    Sustainability at UCSB CampusSustainability at UCSB Campus Perrin Pellegrin Campus Sustainability Manager Facilities Management, UCSB April 25, 2006 Perrin Pellegrin Campus Sustainability Manager Facilities Management, UCSB April 25, 2006 #12;Sustainability at UCSB CampusSustainability at UCSB Campus

  6. Efficient and Sustainable EnergyEfficient and Sustainable Energy NIU Energy Initiative

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kostic, Milivoje M.

    Efficient and Sustainable EnergyEfficient and Sustainable Energy NIU Energy Initiative: Efficient and Sustainable EnergyEfficient and Sustainable Energy EnergyEnergy//EconomyEconomy//Ecology Challenges and OpportunitiesEcology Challenges and Opportunities #12;Efficient and Sustainable EnergyEfficient and Sustainable

  7. ALTERNATIVE ENERGY TO ENSURE SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alias Naser Ibraheem

    Alternative energy sources can produce power without wearing out the source. Sustainable sources are continually renewed. In addition to using sustainable energy forms, people need to practice energy conservation, reduce waste and improve energy efficiency. This will decrease the impact of our energy use on the environment in order to have a future with a clean earth, and to have power whenever we need it [1]. Solar energy. Solar power uses the sun's rays to produce electricity and heat. Using Photovoltaics, electricity is made directly from the sun's rays, while in Solar Thermal power the heat of the rays is used. Photovoltaics currently relies on three technologies. Monocrystalline and polycrystalline cells are silicon-based. Thin-film cells use semi-conductor materials. Photovoltaic cells in modules are connected to make arrays. Solar power from photovoltaics has a high initial cost in the production process and in CO2 emissions, but low running costs and a long life. With improving technology, the monetary cost of solar power is decreasing. Solar energy is sustainable [2]. Wind energy. Wind energy makes electrical or mechanical power. Wind moves two or three blades mounted on tall towers to drive turbines that create electricity. Each turbine can produce

  8. Y-12 Site Sustainability Plan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Spencer, Charles G

    2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The accomplishments to date and the long-range planning of the Y-12 Energy Management and Sustainability and Stewardship programs support the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) vision for a commitment to energy effi ciency and sustainability and to achievement of the Guiding Principles. Specifi cally, the Y-12 vision is to support the Environment, Safety and Health Policy and the DOE Strategic Sustainability Performance Plan, while promoting overall sustainability and reduction of greenhouse gas emissions. The mission of the Y-12 Energy Management program is to incorporate energy-effi cient technologies site-wide and to position Y-12 to meet NNSA energy requirement needs through 2025 and beyond. The plan addresses greenhouse gases, buildings, fleet management, water use, pollution prevention, waste reduction, sustainable acquisition, electronic stewardship and data centers, site innovation and government-wide support.

  9. Hopi Sustainable Energy Plan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Norman Honie, Jr.; Margie Schaff; Mark Hannifan

    2004-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Hopi Tribal Government as part of an initiative to ?Regulate the delivery of energy and energy services to the Hopi Reservation and to create a strategic business plan for tribal provision of appropriate utility, both in a manner that improves the reliability and cost efficiency of such services,? established the Hopi Clean Air Partnership Project (HCAPP) to support the Tribe?s economic development goals, which is sensitive to the needs and ways of the Hopi people. The Department of Energy (DOE) funded, Formation of Hopi Sustainable Energy Program results are included in the Clean Air Partnership Report. One of the Hopi Tribe?s primary strategies to improving the reliability and cost efficiency of energy services on the Reservation and to creating alternative (to coal) economic development opportunities is to form and begin implementation of the Hopi Sustainable Energy Program. The Hopi Tribe through the implementation of this grant identified various economic opportunities available from renewable energy resources. However, in order to take advantage of those opportunities, capacity building of tribal staff is essential in order for the Tribe to develop and manage its renewable energy resources. As Arizona public utilities such as APS?s renewable energy portfolio increases the demand for renewable power will increase. The Hopi Tribe would be in a good position to provide a percentage of the power through wind energy. It is equally important that the Hopi Tribe begin a dialogue with APS and NTUA to purchase the 69Kv transmission on Hopi and begin looking into financing options to purchase the line.

  10. Law, Sustainability, and the Pursuit of Happiness

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farber, Daniel A.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A Small Step Toward Sustainable Living and Adaptation ToIn the long run, sustainable living is the only real option.strategy for more sustainable living. Thus, the consumption

  11. campus as living laboratory institutional Sustainability Plan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Calgary, University of

    operations campus as living laboratory diversity campus waste institutional Sustainability Plan eliminate priorities energy research 35%ofwastedivertedSTARSSilver 275 sustainability courses investment 60 accessibility faculty leadership 100+ sustainability research projects over $3.8 million in bursaries Calgary

  12. Sustainability Double Degree Double Degree Info

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grünwald, Niklaus J.

    Sustainability Double Degree Double Degree Info: · 36 credits in B for graduation. Sustainability Core: Take each course below for a total of 17 -20 credits. Term/Grade Course _____ ____ *NR 350 (4) Sustainable

  13. Sustainability - is it for the CIO?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mangal, Vandana Ann

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A Tool for Corporate Sustainability. Journal of BusinessM. L. (Mar 1997). Sustainability and Technical Progress. The2009 ISSN 1076-7975 Sustainability - is it for the CIO?

  14. UCSF Sustainability Action Plan: Executive Summary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yamamoto, Keith

    UCSF Sustainability Action Plan: Executive Summary Issue Date: April 21, 2011 #12;UCSF Sustainability Action Plan Executive Summary April 21, 2011 Page 1 Table of Contents An Introduction to the Sustainability Action Plan

  15. Scholarly Communication: Academic Values and Sustainable Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    King, C. Judson; Harley, Diane; Earl-Novell, Sarah; Arter, Jennifer; Lawrence, Shannon; Perciali, Irene

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    libraries. Scholarly Communication: Academic Values and SustainableSustainable Model? , Oxford, U.K. International Coalition of LibraryLibraries, Washington, D.C. Available at http://www.escholarlypub.com/oab/oab.pdf Scholarly Communication: Academic Values and Sustainable

  16. Jane Mwenechanya Degree studied: MSc Sustainability &

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mottram, Nigel

    Jane Mwenechanya Degree studied: MSc Sustainability & Environmental Studies Year of graduation on environmental sustainability issues by combining both the scientific and social aspect in dealing with the environmental problems. What did you particularly enjoy about the MSc Sustainability & Environmental Studies

  17. Sustainable Development: Case Studies & Lessons Learned

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Netoff, Theoden

    Sustainable Development: Case Studies & Lessons Learned Prepared For City of Rosemount UMore Development LLC PA 8081 Capstone: Sustainability Planning Humphrey School of Public Affairs University studies that analyze how local and national developments have either successfully implemented sustainable

  18. CALIFORNIA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY SUSTAINABILITY COMMITTEE CHARTER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Faraon, Andrei

    Director, Sustainability Programs Director, Maintenance Management & Energy Services A representative1 CALIFORNIA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY SUSTAINABILITY COMMITTEE CHARTER COMMITTEE PURPOSE The Sustainability Committee's purpose is to proactively partner with students, faculty, staff, administration

  19. A Toolkit for Building Sustainability at Dartmouth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    working groups to focus sustainability in particular areas of the Dartmouth community, namely, Energy1 A Toolkit for Building Sustainability at Dartmouth Environmental Studies 50, Spring 2011.............................................................................7 Chapter II: Sustainability within Dartmouth Sub

  20. William Dunn Defining "Social Sustainability" at UBC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Energy, Inc., a Canadian oil sands developer, defines social sustainability broadly and concisely1 William Dunn Geog 446 Defining "Social Sustainability" at UBC In 1996, Environment Canada's report, "The State of Canada's Environment" explained that social sustainability should reflect "the

  1. ICT for Sustainability ETH Zurich, Switzerland

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giger, Christine

    ) for making our world more sustainable: saving energy and material resources Zurich Topics Topic 1: Sustainability through ICT · ICT for energy management 2: Sustainability in ICT · Energy flows induced by ICT and how to reduce

  2. Environmental Sustainability Policy Category: Campus Life, Facilities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Environmental Sustainability Policy Category: Campus Life, Facilities 1. PURPOSE To outline the University's commitment to environmental sustainability. 2. POLICY STATEMENT The University is committed. RELATED DOCUMENTS/LINKS The Environmental Sustainability Plan The Environmental Management Plan Policy

  3. Hydraulic limits on maximum plant transpiration and the emergence of the safetyefficiency trade-off

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jackson, Robert B.

    Hydraulic limits on maximum plant transpiration and the emergence of the safety­efficiency trade.12126 Key words: hydraulic limitation, safety­ efficiency trade-off, soil­plant­atmosphere model, trait hydraulics constrain ecosystem productivity by setting physical limits to water transport and hence carbon

  4. Maximum Entropy Method Approach to $?$ Term

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Masahiro Imachi; Yasuhiko Shinno; Hiroshi Yoneyama

    2004-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

    In Monte Carlo simulations of lattice field theory with a $\\theta$ term, one confronts the complex weight problem, or the sign problem. This is circumvented by performing the Fourier transform of the topological charge distribution $P(Q)$. This procedure, however, causes flattening phenomenon of the free energy $f(\\theta)$, which makes study of the phase structure unfeasible. In order to treat this problem, we apply the maximum entropy method (MEM) to a Gaussian form of $P(Q)$, which serves as a good example to test whether the MEM can be applied effectively to the $\\theta$ term. We study the case with flattening as well as that without flattening. In the latter case, the results of the MEM agree with those obtained from the direct application of the Fourier transform. For the former, the MEM gives a smoother $f(\\theta)$ than that of the Fourier transform. Among various default models investigated, the images which yield the least error do not show flattening, although some others cannot be excluded given the uncertainty related to statistical error.

  5. By-Products Utilization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

    combustion by-products (such as clean-coal ash) from power plants. Maximum recycling of such by- products regulations and increasing use of low-grade coal, the number of coal-fired power plants with flue gasCenter for By-Products Utilization USE OF CLEAN-COAL ASH FOR MANAGING ASR By Zichao Wu and Tarun R

  6. Maximum Throughput Power Control in CDMA Wireless Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mellor-Crummey, John

    Maximum Throughput Power Control in CDMA Wireless Networks Anastasios Giannoulis Department introduce cross­layer, distributed power control algorithms that guarantee maximum possible data throughput performing dynamic routing and scheduling together with power control. The cross­layer interaction consists

  7. Colorado Statewide Forest Products Industry Profile

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Colorado Statewide Forest Products Industry Profile Economic Sustainability and Ecological and Comparisons · Production and Processing · Sales and Markets · Economic and Ecological Contributions Sawmills · 1/4 for Roundwood (post and pole, vigas, house logs), furniture, excelsior etc. ­ Sawmill

  8. Putting Teeth into Sustainability Mother Nature Bats Last

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sereno, Martin

    · oil is `cracked' to natural gas at higher temperatures (deeper) · abiotic oil from "crystalline, Mexico) ­ pump natural gas (or CO2) down above oil (US) · Tertiary production (extreme measuresPeak Oil Putting Teeth into Sustainability or Mother Nature Bats Last Martin Sereno Cognitive

  9. About the Workshop The Catawba Sustainability Center presents the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Virginia Tech

    - ment, soil test interpretation for organic systems, cover crops, mulches, sustainable weed manage- ment than 25 years. His areas of experience include organic vegetable production, soil and nutrient manage, and soil and resource conservation. He does one-on-one consulting with farmers and gardeners, including

  10. Anoxygenic photosynthesis modulated Proterozoic oxygen and sustained Earth's middle age

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Macalady, Jenn

    Anoxygenic photosynthesis modulated Proterozoic oxygen and sustained Earth's middle age D. T photosynthesis to overall primary production would have influ- enced oceanic redox and the Proterozoic O2 budget time in Earth's history, complete dominance of oxygenic photosynthesis in the oceans. This paved

  11. Safe and Sustainable Seafood Supply Focus Team Report 2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    resulted in suppliers and retailers adopting new best management practices that save $4.86 million annually of safe seafood to meet public demand. Ensuring a sustainable supply of safe seafood requires responsible and productive use of these resources in the future. # 6399 CONNECTICUT SEA GRANT Connecticut

  12. Expanding Williams' Sustainable Garden GEOS 206 Final Project

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aalberts, Daniel P.

    and enhances biodiversity, biological cycles, and soil biological activity. It is based on minimal use of off the environmental degradation caused by conventional farming practices. In order for farmers to label their products the importance of the promotion of sustainable agriculture on campus. #12;5 Figure 2: USDA Organic Label

  13. National System Templates: Building Sustainable National Inventory...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Templates: Building Sustainable National Inventory Management Systems Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: National System Templates: Building Sustainable...

  14. Institutional Change Principles for Fostering Sustainability...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Principles for Fostering Sustainability Institutional Change Principles for Fostering Sustainability The following eight principles serve as the foundational building blocks for...

  15. The Evolution of Sustainable Personal Vehicles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jungers, Bryan D

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    to, the conditions of sustainable living systems. From theliving organisms and systems, as evidenced by accelerating rates of species extinction worldwide. If sustainable

  16. DOE Sustainability Reporting Open Line Help Call

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Sustainability Performance Office (SPO) sponsors open line help calls to assist DOE sites and national laboratories with the annual sustainability reporting process. Representatives from the...

  17. California National Guard Sustainability Planning, Hydrogen Fuel...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    National Guard Sustainability Planning, Hydrogen Fuel Goals California National Guard Sustainability Planning, Hydrogen Fuel Goals Overview of California Guard Army Facilities, ANG...

  18. Key Opportunities and Challenges for Program Sustainability ...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Key Opportunities and Challenges for Program Sustainability Key Opportunities and Challenges for Program Sustainability Better Buildings Neighborhood Program, Peer Exchange Call:...

  19. Sustainable Business Models - Utilities and Efficiency Partnerships...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Sustainable Business Models - Utilities and Efficiency Partnerships Sustainable Business Models - Utilities and Efficiency Partnerships Provides an overview and lessons learned on...

  20. BPA Headquarters Now “Gold Certified” for Sustainability

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    BPA recently became the first federal agency in Portland, Oregon, to achieve the city's Sustainability at Work Gold Certification for sustainability efforts at its headquarters building.

  1. Sustainable Transportation Success Stories | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Sustainable Transportation Success Stories The Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy's (EERE) successes in converting tax dollars into sustainable transportation...

  2. UCSF Sustainability Baseline Assessment: Carbon Footprint Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yamamoto, Keith

    UCSF Sustainability Baseline Assessment: Carbon Footprint Analysis Final Issue Date: March 21, 2010 #12;Carbon Footprint Analysis Background This chapter of the Sustainability Assessment focuses on UCSF

  3. ITP Aluminum: Aluminum Industry Vision: Sustainable Solutions...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Aluminum Industry Vision: Sustainable Solutions for a Dynamic World ITP Aluminum: Aluminum Industry Vision: Sustainable Solutions for a Dynamic World alumvision.pdf More Documents...

  4. Sustainability Awards Recognize Energy Department Employees Who...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Sustainability Awards Recognize Energy Department Employees Who Go Above and Beyond Sustainability Awards Recognize Energy Department Employees Who Go Above and Beyond November 10,...

  5. GMM Estimation of a Maximum Entropy Distribution with Interval Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Perloff, Jeffrey M.

    GMM Estimation of a Maximum Entropy Distribution with Interval Data Ximing Wu* and Jeffrey M estimate it using a simple yet flexible maximum entropy density. Our Monte Carlo simulations show that the proposed maximum entropy density is able to approximate various distributions extremely well. The two

  6. Steady improved confinement in FTU high field plasmas sustained by deep pellet injection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vlad, Gregorio

    Steady improved confinement in FTU high field plasmas sustained by deep pellet injection D to the maximum nominal toroidal field (8 T) by deep multiple pellet injection. These plasmas also feature high to the input power due to particle concentration in the well confined hot core. Deep pellet injection (e

  7. Steady Improved Confinement in FTU High Field Plasmas Sustained by Deep Pellet Injection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vlad, Gregorio

    Steady Improved Confinement in FTU High Field Plasmas Sustained by Deep Pellet Injection D at the maximum nominal toroidal field (8 T), and lower, by deep multiple pellet injection. These plasmas featured due to particle concentration in the well confined hot core. Deep pellet injection in Alcator C high

  8. Localized design-manufacture for Developing Countries : a methodology for creating culturally sustainable architecture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peinovich, Ella

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Can improved technology uptake in developing countries promote cultural sustainability and enable the production of endogenous solutions for development? This thesis, which focuses on technology dissemination for the benefit ...

  9. An overview of the sustainability of solid waste management at military installations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borglin, S.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    products from the treatment of solid waste streams with aaeration on treatment of Municipal Solid Waste in Simulatedtreatment systems a sustainable system could be developed. Waste could be mixed with sewage solids and

  10. Agron. Sustain. Dev. 30 (2010) 367400 c INRA, EDP Sciences, 2009

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    an efficient way to control soil erosion and to decrease production costs. Nonetheless, the environmental / degradation / transport / soil carbon Contents 1 Introduction article Available online at: www.agronomy-journal.org for Sustainable Development Tillage management

  11. The Center for BioEnergy Sustainability (CBES) at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , renovation and management effects on pasture productivity and quality under rotational grazing, and promoting Sustainable Bioenergy Practices Jackson's program focuses on structure and function of managed, semi cropping systems. Projects include comparing grass species' C-sequestration ability, ecosystem provisioning

  12. Energy: Science, Policy, and the Pursuit of Sustainability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mirza, Umar Karim

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in developing a sustainable energy policy has been dealtcomprehensive, sustainable, and environment friendly energy

  13. Operationalizing Anticipatory Governance: Steering Emerging Technologies Towards Sustainability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Philbrick, Mark

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    within a larger sustainability framework. This line ofgovernance plus sustainability framework, there is need for

  14. Sustainable urban design in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chang, Henry, 1967-

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    What constitutes sustainable architecture? Clearly, this is a question very much in vogue nowadays, and contemporary responses have been framed for the most part by topics such as new building technologies, energy conservation, ...

  15. Sustainable Building Tax Credit (Corporate)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Note: In April 2015, S.B. 279 was enacted, creating a new Sustainable Building Tax Credit for the years 2017-2026. As of January, 2015, no funds are available for the residential tax credit in 2015...

  16. Riverside County- Sustainable Building Policy

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In February 2009, the County of Riverside Board of Supervisors adopted Policy Number H-29, creating the Sustainable Building Policy. The Policy requires that all new county building projects...

  17. Sustainability: from a touristic perspective 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Avalos Alvarez, Elisa Erendira

    2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This work was developed to establish the importance of sustainability in the tourism. The present paper is divided into three main chapters and the conclusions. In the first part of the document, it is described what ...

  18. Vermont Sustainable Jobs Fund (Vermont)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Vermont Sustainable Job Fund offers grants, loans, and technical assistance. VSJF's grant-making depends on the funds it raised and its strategic market development focus. Grant proposals are...

  19. Sustainable Building Tax Credit (Personal)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    SB 463, enacted in April 2007, established a personal tax credit and a corporate tax credit for sustainable buildings in New Mexico. The tax credits apply to both commercial and residential...

  20. Sustaining knowledge in the neutron generator community and benchmarking study.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barrentine, Tameka C.; Kennedy, Bryan C.; Saba, Anthony W.; Turgeon, Jennifer L.; Schneider, Julia Teresa; Stubblefield, William Anthony; Baldonado, Esther

    2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In 2004, the Responsive Neutron Generator Product Deployment department embarked upon a partnership with the Systems Engineering and Analysis knowledge management (KM) team to develop knowledge management systems for the neutron generator (NG) community. This partnership continues today. The most recent challenge was to improve the current KM system (KMS) development approach by identifying a process that will allow staff members to capture knowledge as they learn it. This 'as-you-go' approach will lead to a sustainable KM process for the NG community. This paper presents a historical overview of NG KMSs, as well as research conducted to move toward sustainable KM.

  1. Briggs & Stratton Sustainable Energy Efficiency

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feustel, R.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Briggs & Stratton Sustainable Energy Efficiency Richard Feustel Corporate Energy Manager ESL-IE-13-05-22 Proceedings of the Thrity-Fifth Industrial Energy Technology Conference New Orleans, LA. May 21-24, 2013 2 Briggs & Stratton ? World... Policy and Goal ? Signed Energy Policy in 2009, incorporated into Employee Business Integrity Program ? First Sustainability Report published July 2009 ? Tracking and publishing energy related metrics according to the Global Reporting Initiative...

  2. Embedding Sustainability into Manufacturing Organizations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tutterow, V.

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    for Sustainability Ratings GISR standard (13) (under development) Accrediting other sustainability ratings, rankings, and indices International Organization for Standardization ISO 14001:2004 – Environmental Management Systems – Requirements with Guidance for Use (22...) Environmental management system criteria International Organization for Standardization ISO 14064:2006 – (parts 1,2,3) (23) Principles and requirements on GHG quantification, reporting, and verification International Organization for Standardization ISO 50001...

  3. Climatechange Conservation Sustainability Whatwoodyouchoose?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    timber products back to their source. The key finding of the study is just how little companies know of this report. Finally, WWF-UK would like to thank the companies that responded to our requests for information; Junckers Ltd; Leeds Plywood & Doors; Pacific Rim Wood UK; Palmer Timber Ltd; Panaget; Paterson Timber Ltd

  4. Summer 2014 Sustainability Bulletin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Linsley, Braddock K.

    efficiency is part of good stewardship of resources, and can help to protect the environment and Liberty. The model apartments will be outfitted with green product samples and environmental tips. Try from NYSERDA and faith-based organizations. The discussion will be held in Business Building 213 from 5

  5. Sustainable energy Examen Final

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ernst, Damien

    - t´erature scientifique, l'expression « cannibalisme ´energ´etique » est rencontr´ee pour d´ecrire ce´esoudre les probl`emes li´es `a la variabilit´e de la production du PV

  6. AdditiveManufacturing Sustainable

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beex, A. A. "Louis"

    fabrication techniques (e.g., 3D printing) into viable platforms for the realization of end-use products · VIRGINIA TECH · www.ictas.vt.edu Above: printed result of a 3D print- er. Below: researcher Amy Elliott should contact the Office for Equity and Inclusion. Key Personnel Current Activities · 3D Printing

  7. Modeling Sustainable Agricultural Residue Removal at the Subfield Scale

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Muth, D.J.; McCorkle, D.S.; Koch, J.B.; Bryden, K.M.

    2012-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

    This study developed a computational strategy that utilizes data inputs from multiple spatial scales to investigate how variability within individual fields can impact sustainable residue removal for bioenergy production. Sustainable use of agricultural residues for bioenergy production requires consideration of the important role that residues play in limiting soil erosion and maintaining soil C, health, and productivity. Increased availability of subfield-scale data sets such as grain yield data, high-fidelity digital elevation models, and soil characteristic data provides an opportunity to investigate the impacts of subfield-scale variability on sustainable agricultural residue removal. Using three representative fields in Iowa, this study contrasted the results of current NRCS conservation management planning analysis with subfield-scale analysis for rake-and-bale removal of agricultural residue. The results of the comparison show that the field-average assumptions used in NRCS conservation management planning may lead to unsustainable residue removal decisions for significant portions of some fields. This highlights the need for additional research on subfield-scale sustainable agricultural residue removal including the development of real-time variable removal technologies for agricultural residue.

  8. sustainability.umd.edu University of Maryland

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yorke, James

    sustainability.umd.edu University of Maryland Sustainability Progress Report 2013 terps leave small footprintsumd #12;sustainability.umd.edu umdumd ReportOverview University of Maryland fulfills its promise to be a national model of a Green University by measuring and publicly reporting its annual sustainability

  9. Sustainability the forest and paper industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sustainability the forest and paper industry ­ on its way to sustainability http Sustainable Forestry Practices In Tune with the Environment The Forest and Paper Industry's Energy Profile 2 3 5 7 9 12 #12;1 Sustainability 10 Years after Rio The Forest and Paper Industry's Messages

  10. Sustainability Tour 2 0 0 9 --2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bertini, Robert L.

    Campus Sustainability Tour 2 0 0 9 -- 2010 At PSU, we describe sustainability as giving present will be achieved for a bal- anced society. Resources: The PSU EcoWiki - www.ecowiki.pdx.edu PSU Sustainability - www.pdx.edu/sustainability PSU Bicycle Cooperative - www.bikeshop.pdx.edu Tri-Met - www

  11. November 2, Use-inspired research Sustainability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Jianguo "Jingle"

    November 2, 2007 Use-inspired research ­ Sustainability © 2007 Arizona Board of Regents. All rights reserved. INSIDE S4 Pathways to Sustainability ASU is committed to environmental practices for a more sustainable university. S2-3 ASU makes the grade ASU is nationally recognized as a campus sustainability

  12. Sustainability Annual Report 2011 President's Message

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haykin, Simon

    Sustainability Annual Report 2011 #12;#12;President's Message Ensuring a sustainable campus is a McMaster priority. Our commitment to sustainability is comprehensive and touches every aspect of campus life: from's report shows that we have made great strides in ensuring the sustainability of our beautiful campus

  13. Simon Fraser University Campus Sustainability Assessment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    from the generic Campus Sustainability Framework to the SFU context. Linkages among the environmental

  14. Sustainability protects resources for future generations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This publication by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory addresses the steps necessary to provide livable urban centers for future generations through sustainable development, or sustainability. To illustrate this concept, nonsustainable cities and sustainable cities are compared. Sustainable city projects for several major US cites are reviewed.

  15. APBI 402 / SOIL 502 SUSTAINABLE SOIL MANAGEMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farrell, Anthony P.

    1 APBI 402 / SOIL 502 SUSTAINABLE SOIL MANAGEMENT TERM 1 - 2014/15 Lead Instructors*: Maja Krzic indicators to assess sustainability of land management practices. Characterize the soil chemical environment 402-Sustainable Soil Management SOIL 502-Advanced Sustainable Soil Management Final exam 35% Final

  16. Sustainability 2010, 2, 1849-1868; doi:10.3390/su2071849 sustainability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Sustainability 2010, 2, 1849-1868; doi:10.3390/su2071849 sustainability ISSN 2071-1050 www.mdpi.com/journal/sustainability consumerism. This contribution explores the possibilities and limits of consumer involvement in sustainable to be rather more efficient. Keywords: political consumerism; sustainability; consumption 1. Introduction Since

  17. Sustainability 2011, 3, 443-464; doi:10.3390/su3020443 sustainability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sustainability 2011, 3, 443-464; doi:10.3390/su3020443 sustainability ISSN 2071-1050 www.mdpi.com/journal/sustainability Review Sustainable Buildings: An Ever Evolving Target Yvan Dutil *, Daniel Rousse and Guillermo Quesada of integrated design, construction, commissioning, operation, maintenance, and decommissioning of sustainable

  18. Presented by the Sustainability Projects Fund and the McGill Office of Sustainability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ruthazer, Edward

    Presented by the Sustainability Projects Fund and the McGill Office of Sustainability Please of sustainability at McGill, from a life-cycle perspective Primarily impact the McGill campus community Be led with the mission of the Sustainability Projects Fund: to build a culture of sustainability among the McGill campus

  19. PhD in Sustainable Development PhD in Sustainable Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qian, Ning

    PhD in Sustainable Development PhD in Sustainable Development 2013-2014 Handbook John Colin Mutter................................................................................................ 39 #12;3 PhD in Sustainable Development I. About the Program The sustainability of development in the social, natural, engineering or health sciences. The PhD in Sustainable Development combines

  20. Sustainable Development Policy and Strategy 2012 to 2022 page 1 SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brierley, Andrew

    Sustainable Development Policy and Strategy 2012 to 2022 page 1 SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT POLICY AND STRATEGY 2012 to 2022 Contents: 1. Introduction 2. Sustainable development 3. Governance 4. Teaching and learning for sustainable development 5. Research and knowledge exchange for a sustainable future 6. Living