Powered by Deep Web Technologies
Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "maximum extent practical" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Maximum late Holocene extent of the western Greenland Ice Sheet during the late 20th century  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the 20th century. This suggests a lagged ice-margin response to prior cooling, such as the Little Ice AgeMaximum late Holocene extent of the western Greenland Ice Sheet during the late 20th century Samuel Keywords: Greenland Ice Sheet Little Ice Age 10 Be exposure dating Ice-dammed lake Lake sediment core a b

Briner, Jason P.

2

Maximum Entropy and Bayesian Statistics in Crystallography: a Review of Practical Applications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The applications of the maximum entropy and Bayesian methods to problems in X-ray, neutron and electron crystallography are reviewed.

Gilmore, C.J.

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

URBAN EXTENTS Congo, Democra  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

URBAN EXTENTS Congo, Democra Rwanda United Rep. of GRUMPv1 ´ 0 25 50 Km Lambert Azimuthal Equal. Available at:http://sedac.ciesin.columbia.edu/gpw/ United Republic of Tanzania Democratic Republic of Congo

Columbia University

4

annual maximum extent: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Report 2010Annual Report Engineering Websites Summary: 2010Annual Report 2010Annual Report 2010Annual Report 2010 Annual Report Technology Transfer Office Assistant Vice...

5

URBAN EXTENTS Congo, Democra  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

URBAN EXTENTS Botswana Congo, Democra Congo Namibia Zambia GRUMPv1 A t l a n t i c O c e a n � 0 Republic of Congo This document is licensed under a Creative Commons 3.0 Attribution License http

Columbia University

6

Determining the extent and dynamics of  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

the extent and dynamics of the extent and dynamics of surface water for the ABoVE field campaign M.L. Carroll 1 , C.M. DiMiceli 2 , J.R.G. Townshend 2 , R.A. Sohlberg 2 1: Sigma Space Corporation 2:University of Maryland The following Data Management Plan was part of the NASA ROSES 2012 Proposal "Determining the extent and dynamics of surface water for the ABoVE field campaign" (Abstract) submitted to the Terrestrial Ecology Program. It is presented as an example plan. Data Management Plan The proposed project will generate 3 new maps of surface water extent in the North American Arctic representing 3 time periods 1991, 2001 and 2011. These maps will be derived from a

7

Practicing Precision  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

tx H 2 O | pg. 24 W intergarden and High Plains researchers and county agents worked with 30 growers from various counties to conduct on-farm research demonstrations evaluating the extent to which limited irrigation practices may provide water...). The first stage of the PIN project was completed in September 2006, yielding preliminary water savings and establishing on-farm collaborations. ?Results from the first year of the study show tremen- dous possibility for water savings,? said Dr. Giovanni...

Supercinski, Danielle

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

NUCLEAR POWER: Extent of Soviet accident uncertain  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

NUCLEAR POWER: Extent of Soviet accident uncertain ... Detailed, official information about the Chernobyl nuclear power-plant disaster as of late last week remained wrapped in the Soviet Union's usual shroud of secrecy. ... But there seems to be no doubt that it is the worst accident in the 43-year history of nuclear power. ...

1986-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

9

Nonlinear optics at maximum coherence  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...D. Walls Nonlinear optics at maximum coherence S. E. Harris G. Y. Yin M. Jain H...optical processes which utilize maximum coherence of a non-allowed transition. The nonlinear...frequency. Nonlinear optics at maximum coherence B y S. E. Harris, G. Y. Yin, M...

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

MaximumLetThrough.PDF  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

9 9 Maximum Let-Through Currents in the APS Storage Ring Quadrupole, Sextupole, and Corrector Magnets J. Carwardine, D. McGhee, G. Markovich May 18, 1999 Abstract Limits are described for the maximum magnet currents, under specified fault conditions, for the storage ring quadrupole, sextupole, and corrector magnets. Introduction In computing the maximum let-through current for the magnets for the storage ring, several factors must be considered. In general, the maximum current likely to occur even under fault conditions is less than the maximum theoretical DC current given the magnet resistance and the maximum available DC voltage. The first level of protection against magnet current overloads is the over-current interlock that is built into the converter electronics package. The threshold is set to approximately 110% of

11

Prediction of the Extent of the Disturbed Rock Zone around a WIPP Disposal Room, USA  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper is one of a series of papers outlining the recent performance assessment for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant repository conducted by Sandia National Laboratories. The disturbed rock zone (DRZ) is an important feature that is included in the performance assessment process models to predict future repository conditions and brine flow to the accessible environment. Furthermore, the properties of the DRZ control a significant portion of the brine that can flow into the waste rooms. Extensive laboratory salt creep data demonstrate that damage can be assessed in terms of volumetric strain and principal stresses. Stress states that cause dilation are defined in terms of stress invariants, which allow reasonable models of DRZ evolution and devolution. In this paper, the change of DRZ extent with time is calculated based on a dilatant damage potential criterion. The constant C in the dilatancy criterion is determined by comparing the numerical analysis results of the Room Q access drift with the field data obtained at the same location for the analysis. The most extensive DRZ exists during early times, within the first ten years after an opening is mined. As the back stresses from the waste stack resist deformation, the damage to the salt decreases. The maximum extents of the DRZ calculated below and above the room reach approximately 2.24 m and 4.74 m, respectively. The maximum lateral DRZ extent in the side of the room is calculated to be roughly 2 m. (authors)

Park, B.Y.; Herrick, C.G. [Sandia National Laboratories, Carlsbad, NM (United States); Holcomb, D.J. [Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM (United States)

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Single ion heat engine with maximum efficiency at maximum power  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We propose an experimental scheme to realize a nano heat engine with a single ion. An Otto cycle may be implemented by confining the ion in a linear Paul trap with tapered geometry and coupling it to engineered laser reservoirs. The quantum efficiency at maximum power is analytically determined in various regimes. Moreover, Monte Carlo simulations of the engine are performed that demonstrate its feasibility and its ability to operate at maximum efficiency of 30% under realistic conditions.

Obinna Abah; Johannes Rossnagel; Georg Jacob; Sebastian Deffner; Ferdinand Schmidt-Kaler; Kilian Singer; Eric Lutz

2012-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

13

Property:File/GeographicExtent | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

GeographicExtent GeographicExtent Jump to: navigation, search Property Name File/GeographicExtent Property Type String Description The geographic extent associated with the file. Pages using the property "File/GeographicExtent" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) A Australia-Solar-Map.png + National + B BOEMRE OCS.oil.gas.2007-12.map.pdf + Continental US plus Alaska + BOEMRE US.CSB.Map.pdf + Pacific Ocean, Alaska Region, Gulf of Mexico, Atlantic Ocean + BOEMRE US.CSB.bathy.map.pdf + Pacific Ocean, Alaska Region, GUlf of Mexico, Atlantic + BOEMRE atlantic.OCS.multiple.use.map.2003.pdf + Northeast coast of US + BOEMRE lease.platforms.santa.barb.map.5.2010.pdf + Santa Maria Basin + BOEMRE oil.gas.plant.platform.sta.brbra.map.4.2010.pdf + Santa Barbara Channel +

14

Design of maximum density aggregate grading  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An aggregate grading that yields maximum solid density and maximum particle interlock is highly desirable for both bound mixtures, such as asphalt concrete and plain and reinforced concrete, and for unbound mixtures such as those used in base courses. Maximum particle interlock leads to high strength. Whereas minimum voids in a certain material composition is conducive to high strength and low compression. Aggregate grading may be obtained, for instance, from the ASTM, which is based on experience or may be designed according to Lees method. In the present work five different types of aggregates were used, each with a variety of chosen grading. It was found that Lees method produced the lowest porosity of all types of aggregates as well as for the various employed gradings. Lees rational method of aggregate grading, however, is a very lengthy and time-consuming procedure. Therefore, programming of Lees method is an essential step to make such an excellent method available to practicing engineers. A program named ratmix was developed and has incorporated 58 design graphs of the Lees method. ratmix is a comprehensive program for Lees rational method; it conducts interpolation for intermediate points within the design graphs as well as between graphs of different properties.

Yahia A Abdel-Jawad; Waddah Salman Abdullah

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

WESTERN GREAT PLAINS BIG RIVER FLOODPLAIN extent exaggerated for display  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

WESTERN GREAT PLAINS BIG RIVER FLOODPLAIN G.Kittel extent exaggerated for display CAREX/GRAVEL SHORE SPARSELY VEGETATED ALLIANCE Riverine Gravel Flats Great Plains Sparse Vegetation POPULUS DELTOIDES Southern Plains Herbaceous Vegetation SYMPHORICARPOS OCCIDENTALIS TEMPORARILY FLOODED SHRUBLAND ALLIANCE

16

Double-Shell Tank Construction: Extent of Condition  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This presentation covers: quick recap of Hanford DSTs and the contribution of construction difficulties which led to the leak in tank AY-102; approach to Extent of Condition reviews; typical DST construction sequence; presentation of construction information resulting from extent of condition reviews of other DST farms with comparison to tank AY-102; and overall conclusion and impact of issues on the other DST tank farms.

Venetz, Theodore J.; Gunter, Jason R.

2014-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

17

Surficial Extent And Conceptual Model Of Hydrothermal System At Mount  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Surficial Extent And Conceptual Model Of Hydrothermal System At Mount Surficial Extent And Conceptual Model Of Hydrothermal System At Mount Rainier, Washington Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: Surficial Extent And Conceptual Model Of Hydrothermal System At Mount Rainier, Washington Details Activities (4) Areas (2) Regions (0) Abstract: A once massive hydrothermal system was disgorged from the summit of Mount Rainier in a highly destructive manner about 5000 years ago. Today, hydrothermal processes are depositing clayey alteration products that have the potential to reset the stage for similar events in the future. Areas of active hydrothermal alteration occur in three representative settings: 1. (1) An extensive area (greater than 12,000 m2) of heated ground and slightly acidic boiling-point fumaroles at 76-82°C at

18

COLORADO PLATEAU PINYON-JUNIPER WOODLAND extent exaggerated for display  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and foothills of the Colorado Plateau region from the Western Slope of Colorado to the Wasatch Range, and southCOLORADO PLATEAU PINYON-JUNIPER WOODLAND S.Kettler extent exaggerated for display JUNIPERUS at all (Reid et al. 1999). COLORADO PLATEAU PINYON-JUNIPER WOODLAND 1 REVISED: SEPTEMBER 2005 #12;A

19

COLORADO PLATEAU HANGING GARDEN extent exaggerated for display  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

are a small patch community type in the canyons of western Colorado. These highly localized environmentsCOLORADO PLATEAU HANGING GARDEN R.Rondeau extent exaggerated for display AQUILEGIA MICRANTHA differ somewhat in geology and species composition from those of the Colorado Plateau to the south

20

Boiler Maximum Achievable Control Technology (MACT) Technical...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Boiler Maximum Achievable Control Technology (MACT) Technical Assistance - Fact Sheet, May 2014 Boiler Maximum Achievable Control Technology (MACT) Technical Assistance - Fact...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "maximum extent practical" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Effects of the Spatial Extent of Multiple Harmonic Layers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An analytic model for single particle motion in the presence of a wave field and multiple cyclotron harmonics is developed and investigated. The model suggests that even in the absence of Doppler broadening, cyclotron harmonic layers have finite spatial extent. This allows for particles to interact with more than one harmonic layer simultaneously, provided the layers are tightly packed. The latter phenomenon is investigated in the context of the model using symplectic mapping techniques. Then the model behavior is compared with numerical simulations of neutral beam particle trajectories in NSTX using the full-orbit code SPIRAL.

Burby, J. W.; Kramer, G. J.; Phillips, C. K.; Valeo, E. J. [Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08543 (United States)

2011-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

22

Effect of Extent of Natural Subsurface Bioreduction on Fe-mineralogy...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Extent of Natural Subsurface Bioreduction on Fe-mineralogy of Subsurface Sediments. Effect of Extent of Natural Subsurface Bioreduction on Fe-mineralogy of Subsurface Sediments....

23

Teaching and Testing are Interrelated. But to What Extent?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper investigates the extent to which teaching and testing are interrelated, particularly as it pertains to testing English at B1 and B2 levels. The paper outlines research conducted within the process of linking the English school-leaving examination to the Common European Framework of Reference in 2013. Previous research, carried out in 2008 and 2012, revealed a gap between teaching and testing. In 2013, workshop participants were provided with sufficient awareness of the criteria to be able to analyse and assess their student? performances in relation to CEFR levels. The results from the research referring to the comparison of teacher? judgements of/on test-taker? performances and test-taker? testing scores will be presented and discussed. As previous research revealed that the coefficient of correlation between language in use scores and total scores of students was strong, the correlation between a total score (as a dependent variable) and several independent variables (scores achieved in testing listening, language in use and reading) were examined again (using multiple linear models in a regression analysis) and will be commented on and explained in the paper. As the approach adopted by the CEFR views learners of a language as social agents? who have tasks to accomplish in a given set of circumstances, testing grammar and vocabulary needs to be considered from at least two perspectives: form-based and communication-based ones. The first perspective will be supported by exact examples from the selected tests.

Jana Breov

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Innovation Practices  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This Chapter focuses on examples of digital innovation in practice, providing fact-sheets of 10 of the most interesting ideas in the field of digital innovation worldwide in 2013. The genesis of the selected i...

Vincenzo Morabito

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Of Jordanian BanksExtent of Disclosure in the annual Reports Ahmed Al-Jayousi  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Abstract Of Jordanian BanksExtent of Disclosure in the annual Reports By Ahmed Al-Jayousi Supervisor Dr. Munir Lutfi Co- Supervisor Dr. Nedal Al-Fayoumi This study aimed to examine the Extent

26

Assessing the Predictability of the Beaufort Sea Minimum Ice Extent in a Changing Arctic Climate Regime  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Understanding the climatic drivers of changes in sea ice extent in the Arctic has become increasingly important as record minima in the September sea ice extent continue to be reached. This research therefore addresses the question of which synoptic...

Quirk, Laura Marie

2014-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

27

ASSESSING THE UTILITY OF MODIS FOR MONITORING SNOW AND SEA ICE EXTENT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

has begun. For the first time daily, global maps of snow cover and sea ice extent are being produced, global maps of snow cover and sea ice extent are being produced in a fully automated fashion from spaceASSESSING THE UTILITY OF MODIS FOR MONITORING SNOW AND SEA ICE EXTENT G. Scharfen, S. Khalsa U

Oldenburg, Carl von Ossietzky Universität

28

Capital budgeting practices in hospitals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We interviewed chief financial officers from hospitals and healthcare systems in Michigan regarding selected capital budgeting practices that have not been previously considered in the literature. Results revealed a variety of approaches in the development and deployment of capital budgets. Most healthcare systems used a blend of board and department-initiated input into budget development, usually with interaction between the two. The majority of healthcare systems had flexibility in the deployment of their capital budgets over time. Standard methods of project evaluation were employed by healthcare CFOs, but few used the most sophisticated tools. A host of constraints, including certificate-of-need laws and internal, mission-based motivations uniquely affect capital budgeting of not-for-profit healthcare systems. Clearly, future research will be need to understand why organisations have selected capital budgeting practices and the extent to which selection and use of capital budgeting practices matters in the efficiency and viability of healthcare systems.

Dean G. Smith; Joshua Wynne

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Cell development obeys maximum Fisher information  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Eukaryotic cell development has been optimized by natural selection to obey maximal intracellular flux of messenger proteins. This, in turn, implies maximum Fisher information on angular position about a target nuclear pore complex (NPR). The cell is simply modeled as spherical, with cell membrane (CM) diameter 10 micron and concentric nuclear membrane (NM) diameter 6 micron. The NM contains about 3000 nuclear pore complexes (NPCs). Development requires messenger ligands to travel from the CM-NPC-DNA target binding sites. Ligands acquire negative charge by phosphorylation, passing through the cytoplasm over Newtonian trajectories toward positively charged NPCs (utilizing positive nuclear localization sequences). The CM-NPC channel obeys maximized mean protein flux F and Fisher information I at the NPC, with first-order delta I = 0 and approximate 2nd-order delta I = 0 stability to environmental perturbations. Many of its predictions are confirmed, including the dominance of protein pathways of from 1-4 proteins, a 4nm size for the EGFR protein and the approximate flux value F =10^16 proteins/m2-s. After entering the nucleus, each protein ultimately delivers its ligand information to a DNA target site with maximum probability, i.e. maximum Kullback-Liebler entropy HKL. In a smoothness limit HKL approaches IDNA/2, so that the total CM-NPC-DNA channel obeys maximum Fisher I. Thus maximum information approaches non-equilibrium, one condition for life.

B. R. Frieden; R. A. Gatenby

2014-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

30

Deriving long term snow cover extent dataset from AVHRR and MODIS data: Central Asia case study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract We computed the daily AVHRR snow cover from all available AVHRR level1b raw data over central Asia (CA) with an aggregated rating based snow identification scheme. The daily AVHRR snow cover was further processed into an 8-day maximum-snow-extent data, and then went through a set of spatial and temporal filters to fill cloud or gap pixels. A correction method based on known long term snow probability in small sub-regions has been developed for computing corrected 8-day AVHRR snow cover, which is comparable to 8-day MODIS snow data. Validation of the daily AVHRR snow product against ground snow survey suggested a high accuracy of the snow identification scheme. Comparison of the daily AVHRR snow cover with the daily MODIS snow cover in Amu Dar'ya River basin within CA showed high accuracy of daily AVHRR snow, with a general accuracy of 99.60% and Kappa Coefficient of 0.92 in the basin. Comparison of the corrected 8-day AVHRR snow cover with 8-day MODIS cloud/gap free snow cover in the same basin also showed high comparability between both data, with a general accuracy of 95.61% and Kappa Coefficient of 0.84. Seasonal snow cover analysis in Amu Dar'ya River basin revealed the spatial and temporal patterns of snow distribution and negative trends in snow cover duration in 1986 to 2008 due to earlier snow melting dates. The newly developed long-term snow dataset from AVHRR and MODIS data over CA, with its high accuracy and internal comparability, is suitable for seasonal snow cover studies in mountainous regions over CA.

Hang Zhou; Elena Aizen; Vladimir Aizen

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Notes on Frequentist, Maximum Likelihood & Bayesian Statistics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, theory, "gut feeling," etc. · Changes the probability distribution #12;Bayesian Statistics · ProbabilityNotes on Frequentist, Maximum Likelihood & Bayesian Statistics #12;Statistical Methods · Probability is a long-term frequency statement about the data ­ if repeated, what proportion of the time would

Ernest, Holly

32

PublicationsmailagreementNo.40014024 maximum depth  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and a video camera to complete installation of the world's first regional cabled ocean observatory. NEPTUNE- tion systems that--using power and the internet--provide continuous, long-term monitoring of oceanPublicationsmailagreementNo.40014024 THE 2.7km maximum depth beneath the ocean surface of neptune

Pedersen, Tom

33

Arctic sea ice declined rapidly to unprec-edented low extents in the summer of 2007,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

cooling, ice extent remains far below normal. Understanding Sea Ice Loss Key factors behind this recordArctic sea ice declined rapidly to unprec- edented low extents in the summer of 2007, raising concern that the Arctic may be on the verge of a fundamental transition toward a seasonal ice cover

Clements, Craig

34

Seasonal predictions of ice extent in the Arctic Ocean R. W. Lindsay,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Service and the U. S. National Ice Center) produces summer outlooks of ice conditions for specific regionsSeasonal predictions of ice extent in the Arctic Ocean R. W. Lindsay,1 J. Zhang,1 A. J. Schweiger,1 29 February 2008. [1] How well can the extent of arctic sea ice be predicted for lead periods of up

Zhang, Jinlun

35

Accelerated maximum likelihood parameter estimation for stochastic biochemical systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

as: Daigle et al. : Accelerated maximum likelihood parame-Gillespie DT: Approximate accelerated stochastic simulationARTICLE Open Access Accelerated maximum likelihood parameter

Daigle, Bernie J; Roh, Min K; Petzold, Linda R; Niemi, Jarad

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

The Hybrid Maximum Principle is a consequence of Pontryagin ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We give a simple proof of the Maximum Principle for smooth hybrid control sys- ... result in the study of such problems is Hybrid Maximum Principle proved in [4]...

2006-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

37

New perspectives on observed and simulated late Antarctic sea ice extent trends using optimal fingerprinting techniques  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Using optimal fingerprinting techniques, we performed a detection analysis to determine whether observed trends in Southern Ocean sea ice extent since 1979 are outside the expected range of natural variability. Consistent with previous studies, we ...

Will Hobbs; Nathaniel L. Bindoff; Marilyn N. Raphael

38

WESTERN GREAT PLAINS RIPARIAN WOODLAND, SHRUBLAND AND HERBACEOUS extent exaggerated for display  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

WESTERN GREAT PLAINS RIPARIAN WOODLAND, SHRUBLAND AND HERBACEOUS S.Kettler extent exaggerated ALLIANCE Andropogon gerardii - Sorghastrum nutans Western Great Plains Herbaceous Vegetation CAREX Plains Herbaceous Vegetation TYPHA (ANGUSTIFOLIA, LATIFOLIA) - (SCHOENOPLECTUS SPP.) SEMIPERMANENTLY

39

Relationship between Hadley circulation and sea ice extent in the Bering Sea  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The linkage between Hadley circulation (HC) and sea ice extent...vice versa. In addition, it is further identified that East Asian-North Pacific-North America teleconnection may play an important role in linking ...

BoTao Zhou; HuiJun Wang

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Are There Practical Approaches for Achieving the Theoretical Maximum Engine Efficiency?  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

2004 Diesel Engine Emissions Reduction (DEER) Conference Presentation: University of Wisconsin, Madison

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "maximum extent practical" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Maximum mass of magnetic white dwarfs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We revisit in this work the problem of the maximum masses of magnetized White Dwarfs (WD). The impact of a strong magnetic field onto the structure equations is addressed. The pressures become anisotropic due to the presence of the magnetic field and split into a parallel and perpendicular components. We first construct stable solutions of TOV equations for the parallel pressures, and found that physical solutions vanish for the perpendicular pressure when $B \\gtrsim 10^{13}$ G. This fact establishes an upper bound for a magnetic field and the stability of the configurations in the (quasi) spherical approximation. Our findings also indicate that it is not possible to obtain stable magnetized WD with super Chandrasekhar masses because the values of the magnetic field needed for them are higher than this bound. To proceed into the anisotropic regime, we derived structure equations appropriated for a cylindrical metric with anisotropic pressures. From the solutions of the structure equations in cylindrical symme...

Paret, D Manreza; Horvath, J E

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Critical insulation thickness for maximum entropy generation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Critical insulation thickness is known to refer to the insulation thickness that maximises the rate of heat transfer in cylindrical and spherical systems. The same analogy is extended to the rate of entropy generation in the present study. The possible critical insulation thickness that yields a maximum rate of entropy generation is investigated. Entropy generation is related to heat transfer through and temperature distribution within the insulation material. It is found that there exists a critical insulation thickness for maximising the rate of entropy generation that is a function of the Bi number and the surface to ambient temperature ratio. The solution of such critical thickness is formulated analytically for both cylindrical and spherical geometries. It is also found that the critical insulation thickness for the rate of entropy generation does not coincide with that for the rate of heat transfer.

Ahmet Z. Sahin

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

A reliable, fast and low cost maximum power point tracker for photovoltaic applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This work presents a new maximum power point tracker system for photovoltaic applications. The developed system is an analog version of the ''P and O-oriented'' algorithm. It maintains its main advantages: simplicity, reliability and easy practical implementation, and avoids its main disadvantages: inaccurateness and relatively slow response. Additionally, the developed system can be implemented in a practical way at a low cost, which means an added value. The system also shows an excellent behavior for very fast variables in incident radiation levels. (author)

Enrique, J.M.; Andujar, J.M.; Bohorquez, M.A. [Departamento de Ingenieria Electronica, de Sistemas Informaticos y Automatica, Universidad de Huelva (Spain)

2010-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

44

Maximum likelihood continuity mapping for fraud detection  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The author describes a novel time-series analysis technique called maximum likelihood continuity mapping (MALCOM), and focuses on one application of MALCOM: detecting fraud in medical insurance claims. Given a training data set composed of typical sequences, MALCOM creates a stochastic model of sequence generation, called a continuity map (CM). A CM maximizes the probability of sequences in the training set given the model constraints, CMs can be used to estimate the likelihood of sequences not found in the training set, enabling anomaly detection and sequence prediction--important aspects of data mining. Since MALCOM can be used on sequences of categorical data (e.g., sequences of words) as well as real valued data, MALCOM is also a potential replacement for database search tools such as N-gram analysis. In a recent experiment, MALCOM was used to evaluate the likelihood of patient medical histories, where ``medical history`` is used to mean the sequence of medical procedures performed on a patient. Physicians whose patients had anomalous medical histories (according to MALCOM) were evaluated for fraud by an independent agency. Of the small sample (12 physicians) that has been evaluated, 92% have been determined fraudulent or abusive. Despite the small sample, these results are encouraging.

Hogden, J.

1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Towards a frequency-dependent discrete maximum principle for the implicit Monte Carlo equations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

It has long been known that temperature solutions of the Implicit Monte Carlo (IMC) equations can exceed the external boundary temperatures, a so-called violation of the 'maximum principle.' Previous attempts at prescribing a maximum value of the time-step size {Delta}{sub t} that is sufficient to eliminate these violations have recommended a {Delta}{sub t} that is typically too small to be used in practice and that appeared to be much too conservative when compared to numerical solutions of the IMC equations for practical problems. In this paper, we derive a new estimator for the maximum time-step size that includes the spatial-grid size {Delta}{sub x}. This explicitly demonstrates that the effect of coarsening {Delta}{sub x} is to reduce the limitation on {Delta}{sub t}, which helps explain the overly conservative nature of the earlier, grid-independent results. We demonstrate that our new time-step restriction is a much more accurate means of predicting violations of the maximum principle. We discuss how the implications of the new, grid-dependent timestep restriction can impact IMC solution algorithms.

Wollaber, Allan B [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Larsen, Edward W [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Densmore, Jeffery D [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

46

241-AY-101 Tank Construction Extent of Condition Review for Tank Integrity  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report provides the results of an extent of condition construction history review for tank 241-AY-101. The construction history of tank 241-AY-101 has been reviewed to identify issues similar to those experienced during tank AY-102 construction. Those issues and others impacting integrity are discussed based on information found in available construction records, using tank AY-102 as the comparison benchmark. In tank 241-AY-101, the second double-shell tank constructed, similar issues as those with tank 241-AY-102 construction reoccurred. The overall extent of similary and affect on tank 241-AY-101 integrity is described herein.

Barnes, Travis J.; Gunter, Jason R.

2013-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

47

Maximum-Intensity Volumes for Fast Contouring of Lung Tumors Including Respiratory Motion in 4DCT Planning  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: To assess the accuracy of maximum-intensity volumes (MIV) for fast contouring of lung tumors including respiratory motion. Methods and Materials: Four-dimensional computed tomography (4DCT) data of 10 patients were acquired. Maximum-intensity volumes were constructed by assigning the maximum Hounsfield unit in all CT volumes per geometric voxel to a new, synthetic volume. Gross tumor volumes (GTVs) were contoured on all CT volumes, and their union was constructed. The GTV with all its respiratory motion was contoured on the MIV as well. Union GTVs and GTVs including motion were compared visually. Furthermore, planning target volumes (PTVs) were constructed for the union of GTVs and the GTV on MIV. These PTVs were compared by centroid position, volume, geometric extent, and surface distance. Results: Visual comparison of GTVs demonstrated failure of the MIV technique for 5 of 10 patients. For adequate GTV{sub MIV}s, differences between PTVs were <1.0 mm in centroid position, 5% in volume, {+-}5 mm in geometric extent, and {+-}0.5 {+-} 2.0 mm in surface distance. These values represent the uncertainties for successful MIV contouring. Conclusion: Maximum-intensity volumes are a good first estimate for target volume definition including respiratory motion. However, it seems mandatory to validate each individual MIV by overlaying it on a movie loop displaying the 4DCT data and editing it for possible inadequate coverage of GTVs on additional 4DCT motion states.

Rietzel, Eike [Department of Radiation Oncology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA (United States); Abteilung Biophysik, Gesellschaft fuer Schwerionenforschung, Darmstadt (Germany)], E-mail: eike@rietzel.net; Liu, Arthur K.; Chen, George T.Y.; Choi, Noah C. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA (United States)

2008-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

48

Comment on "Efficiency of Isothermal Molecular Machines at Maximum Power"  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Comment on "Efficiency of Isothermal Molecular Machines at Maximum Power" (PRL 108, 210602 (2012), arXiv:1201.6396)

Yunxin Zhang

2012-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

49

Enhanced confinement with increased extent of the low magnetic shear region in tokamak plasmas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Enhanced confinement with increased extent of the low magnetic shear region in tokamak plasmas. The Hamiltonian representation of magnetic field lines enables to study their confinement properties in tokamaks ignition, it is required that the present hot tokamak plasmas have a better energy confinement. The energy

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

50

An Assessment of Trends in the Extent of Swidden in Southeast Asia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An Assessment of Trends in the Extent of Swidden in Southeast Asia Dietrich Schmidt-Vogt & Stephen) Hum Ecol (2009) 37:269­280 DOI 10.1007/s10745-009-9239-0 D. Schmidt-Vogt School of Environment@ait.ac.th S. J. Leisz (*) Department of Anthropology, Colorado State University, Fort Collins 80523, USA e

Richner, Heinz

51

INTER-MOUNTAIN BASINS MIXED SALT DESERT SCRUB extent exaggerated for display  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

INTER-MOUNTAIN BASINS MIXED SALT DESERT SCRUB R.Rondeau extent exaggerated for display ATRIPLEX., Lycium ssp., Suaeda spp., Yucca glauca, and Tetradymia spinosa. Dwarf- shrubs include Gutierrezia and Holmgren 1984). Forb cover is generally sparse. Perennial forbs that might occur include INTER-MOUNTAIN

52

PROJECT GOALS Assess the extent of hidden energy usage, through appliances  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the extent of hidden energy uses in home and office environments. Hidden energy ­ also known as `phantom (CONTINUED) Findings show that: The average standby power consumption of appliances on `standby mode' was 45 significant implications for power consumption, energy bills and greenhouse gas emissions, despite

53

Multiple equilibria and abrupt transitions in Arctic summer sea ice extent  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, version 3 (CCSM3). The resulting nonlinear equations produce abrupt sea ice transitions resembling thoseMultiple equilibria and abrupt transitions in Arctic summer sea ice extent William J. Merryfield monograph "Arctic Sea Ice Decline", 19 October 2007 Corresponding author address: Dr. William Merryfield

Monahan, Adam Hugh

54

The extent of chronic marine oil pollution in southeastern Newfoundland waters assessed through beached  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The extent of chronic marine oil pollution in southeastern Newfoundland waters assessed through on their feathers is heavy fuel oil mixed with lubricants, the mixture found in bilges of large vessels. Beached fingerprinting; Oil Vulnerability Index 1. Introduction Oil enters the marine environment from land runoff

Jones, Ian L.

55

Extent of Hadley circulations in dry atmospheres Robert L. Korty1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Extent of Hadley circulations in dry atmospheres Robert L. Korty1 and Tapio Schneider2 Received 28] The subtropical terminus of the Hadley circulation is interpreted as the latitude poleward of which vertical wave (convergence of meridional eddy angular momentum fluxes) and marks the transition from the tropical Hadley cell

56

Botnets: To what extent are they a threat to information security?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Russian advertisement offering botnet services The purpose of this article is to examine to what extent botnets pose a threat to information security. In Chapter 1 the terms in the title are defined, and a comprehensive overview of botnets is provided ...

Claire Elliott

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Environmental Best Management Practices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Environmental Best Management Practices for Virginia's Golf Courses Prepared by Virginia Golf Course Superintendents Association #12;#12;EnvironmEntal BEst managEmEnt PracticEs for virginia's golf III I am pleased to endorse the Environmental Best Management Practices for Virginia's Golf Courses

Liskiewicz, Maciej

58

Pattern formation, logistics, and maximum path probability  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The concept of pattern formation, which to current researchers is a synonym for self-organization, carries the connotation of deductive logic together with the process of spontaneous inference. Defining a pattern as an equivalence relation on a set of thermodynamic objects, we establish that a large class of irreversible pattern-forming systems, evolving along idealized quasisteady paths, approaches the stable steady state as a mapping upon the formal deductive imperatives of a propositional function calculus. In the preamble the classical reversible thermodynamics of composite systems is analyzed as an externally manipulated system of space partitioning and classification based on ideal enclosures and diaphragms. The diaphragms have discrete classificationcapabilities which are designated in relation to conserved quantities by descriptors such as impervious, diathermal, and adiabatic. Differentiability in the continuum thermodynamic calculus is invoked as equivalent to analyticity and consistency in the underlying class or sentential calculus. The seat of inference, however, rests with the thermodynamicist. In the transition to an irreversible pattern-forming system the defined nature of the composite reservoirs remains, but a given diaphragm is replaced by a pattern-forming system which by its nature is a spontaneously evolving volume partitioner and classifier of invariants. The seat of volition or inference for the classification system is thus transferred from the experimenter or theoretician to the diaphragm, and with it the full deductive facility. The equivalence relations or partitions associated with the emerging patterns may thus be associated with theorems of the natural pattern-forming calculus. The entropyfunction, together with its derivatives, is the vehicle which relates the logistics of reservoirs and diaphragms to the analog logistics of the continuum. Maximum path probability or second-order differentiability of the entropy in isolation are sufficiently strong interpretations of the second law of thermodynamics to define the approach to and the nature of patterned stable steady states. For many pattern-forming systems these principles define quantifiable stable states as maxima or minima (or both) in the dissipation. An elementary statistical-mechanical proof is offered. To turn the argument full circle, the transformations of the partitions and classes which are predicated upon such minimax entropic paths can through digital modeling be directly identified with the syntactic and inferential elements of deductive logic. It follows therefore that all self-organizing or pattern-forming systems which possess stable steady states approach these states according to the imperatives of formal logic, the optimum pattern with its rich endowment ofequivalence relations representing the central theorem of the associated calculus. Logic is thus the stuff of the universe, and biological evolution with its culmination in the human brain is the most significant example of all the irreversible pattern-forming processes. We thus conclude with a few remarks on the relevance of the contribution to the theory of evolution and to research on artificial intelligence.

J. S. Kirkaldy

1985-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #410: February 6, 2006 Maximum Speed  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

0: February 6, 0: February 6, 2006 Maximum Speed Limits by State, 2005 to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #410: February 6, 2006 Maximum Speed Limits by State, 2005 on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #410: February 6, 2006 Maximum Speed Limits by State, 2005 on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #410: February 6, 2006 Maximum Speed Limits by State, 2005 on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #410: February 6, 2006 Maximum Speed Limits by State, 2005 on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #410: February 6, 2006 Maximum Speed Limits by State, 2005 on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #410: February 6, 2006 Maximum Speed Limits by State, 2005 on AddThis.com...

60

Reducing Inconsistencies in Point Observations of Maximum Flood Inundation Level  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Flood simulation models and hazard maps are only as good as the underlying data against which they are calibrated and tested. However, extreme flood events are by definition rare, so the observational data of flood inundation extent are limited in ...

Brandon L. Parkes; Hannah L. Cloke; Florian Pappenberger; Jeff Neal; David Demeritt

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "maximum extent practical" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Gaussian Beams We are interested in describing light waves of ...nite spatial extent, dierent  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Chapter 1 Gaussian Beams We are interested in describing light waves of ...nite spatial extent, di¤erent from plane waves. Gaussian beams are typically generated by laser sources. 1.1 Slowly varying envelope2 = !2 " (1.4) and since k2 o = !2 o"o (1.5) 1 #12;2 CHAPTER 1. GAUSSIAN BEAMS it follows that n = k

Palffy-Muhoray, Peter

62

Gaussian Beams We are interested in describing light waves of ...nite spatial extent, dierent  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Chapter 19 Gaussian Beams We are interested in describing light waves of ...nite spatial extent, di¤erent from plane waves. Gaussian beams are typically generated by laser sources. 19.1 Slowly varying envelope get k2 = !2 " (19.4) and since k2 o = !2 o"o (19.5) 1 #12;2 CHAPTER 19. GAUSSIAN BEAMS it follows

Palffy-Muhoray, Peter

63

Botnets: To what extent are they a threat to information security?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Russian advertisement offering botnet services The purpose of this article is to examine to what extent botnets pose a threat to information security. In Chapter 1 the terms in the title are defined, and a comprehensive overview of botnets is provided in order to equip the reader with an understanding of the context for the remaining chapters. The motives for using botnets and the methods in which they are used are outlined. The methods of botnet attack are then analysed in terms of their potential impact on information security and a conclusion is drawn that botnets are indeed a threat to information security in general terms. Chapter 2 then goes on to examine the extent of the threat from the three different perspectives of governments, corporate and the general public. The threats from each perspective and their impacts are identified, and each threat type for each perspective is then categorised in terms of probability and potential impact. The extent of the threat of each botnet-related attack from each perspective is then assessed using a model recommended by ISO/IEC 27005:2008, and the conclusion is drawn that the extent of the threat that botnets pose to governments, corporates and the general public is High. In Chapter 3, we look at how law enforcement agencies investigate botnets and the criminals behind them, and establish the challenges they face in doing so. It is clear that law enforcement face an uphill struggle due to technical tricks employed by the botherders to remain untraceable, lack of resources with the necessary skillset, the legal complexity of working with multiple jurisdictions, and procedural delays working with foreign law enforcement agencies. The conclusion is drawn that botnets are here to stay and that for the time being the botherders will have the upper hand.

Claire Elliott

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Engineer End Uses for Maximum Efficiency | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

for Maximum Efficiency (August 2004) More Documents & Publications Maintaining System Air Quality Compressed Air Storage Strategies Alternative Strategies for Low Pressure End Uses...

65

Replicate Best Practices  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

First in a series, this presentation addresses best practice replication using real-world examples from Alcoa.

66

Rural Energy Services Best Practices | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Practices Practices Jump to: navigation, search Name Rural Energy Services Best Practices Agency/Company /Organization United States Agency for International Development Partner South Asia Regional Initiative for Energy Sector Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy Topics Implementation Resource Type Lessons learned/best practices Website http://www.sari-energy.org/Pro Country Bangladesh, India, Sri Lanka UN Region South-Eastern Asia References Rural Energy Services Best Practices[1] Summary "The rural electricity market is very complex in South Asia. This is due to fact that the traditional model of utility-based centralized grid extension cannot cover the entire population for demographic and economic reasons. To some extent the gap in providing rural electrification has been filled by

67

Maximum Constant Boost Control of the Z-Source Inverter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Maximum Constant Boost Control of the Z-Source Inverter Miaosen Shen1 , Jin Wang1 , Alan Joseph1 Laboratory Abstract: This paper proposes two maximum constant boost control methods for the Z-source inverter to modulation index is analyzed in detail and verified by simulation and experiment. Keywords- Z-source inverter

Tolbert, Leon M.

68

Acceleration of Maximum Likelihood Estimation for Tomosynthesis Mammography  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the amount of x-ray radiation exposure to the patients, tomosynthesis uses a lower dose of x-ray than convenAcceleration of Maximum Likelihood Estimation for Tomosynthesis Mammography Juemin Zhang, Waleed twu2@partners.org Abstract Maximum likelihood (ML) estimation is used dur- ing tomosynthesis

Meleis, Waleed

69

Maximum Residual Energy Routing with Reverse Energy Cost  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

node consumes energy, but the receiving node does not. This assumption is not true if acknowledgementsMaximum Residual Energy Routing with Reverse Energy Cost Qiling Xie, Chin-Tau Lea, Mordecai J-The Maximum Residual Energy Path (MREP) routing has been shown an effective routing scheme for energy

Fleischer, Rudolf

70

241-AP Tank Farm Construction Extent of Condition Review for Tank Integrity  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report provides the results of an extent of condition construction history review for the 241-AP tank farm. The construction history of the 241-AP tank farm has been reviewed to identify issues similar to those experienced during tank AY-102 construction. Those issues and others impacting integrity are discussed based on information found in available construction records, using tank AY-102 as the comparison benchmark. In the 241-AP tank farm, the sixth double-shell tank farm constructed, tank bottom flatness, refractory material quality, post-weld stress relieving, and primary tank bottom weld rejection were improved.

Barnes, Travis J.; Gunter, Jason R.; Reeploeg, Gretchen E.

2014-04-04T23:59:59.000Z

71

241-AZ Tank Farm Construction Extent of Condition Review for Tank Integrity  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report provides the results of an extent of condition construction history review for tanks 241-AZ-101 and 241-AZ-102. The construction history of the 241-AZ tank farm has been reviewed to identify issues similar to those experienced during tank AY-102 construction. Those issues and others impacting integrity are discussed based on information found in available construction records, using tank AY-102 as the comparison benchmark. In the 241-AZ tank farm, the second DST farm constructed, both refractory quality and tank and liner fabrication were improved.

Barnes, Travis J.; Boomer, Kayle D.; Gunter, Jason R.; Venetz, Theodore J.

2013-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

72

Iterative Estimationof Antarctic Sea Ice Extent Using SeaWindsData QuinnP. Remund and David G. Long  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

an importantcomponent in global geophysical processes. For example, the insulating nature of sea ice impedes heatIterative Estimationof Antarctic Sea Ice Extent Using SeaWindsData QuinnP. Remund and David G. Long-378-4383,FAX: 801-378-6586 Abstract- Polar sea ice extent is an important input to global climate models

Long, David G.

73

Evaluation of seasonal water body extents in Central Asia over the past 27 years derived from medium-resolution remote sensing data  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In this study medium resolution remote sensing data of the AVHRR and MODIS sensors were used for derivation of inland water bodies extents over a period from 1986 till 2012 for the region of Central Asia. Daily near-infrared (NIR) spectra from the AVHRR sensor with 1.1km spatial resolution and 8-day NIR composites from the MODIS sensor with 250m spatial resolution for the months April, July and September were used as input data. The methodological approach uses temporal dynamic thresholds for individual data sets, which allows detection of water pixel independent from differing conditions or sensor differences. The individual results are summed up and combined to monthly composites of areal extent of water bodies. The presented water masks for the months April, July, and September were chosen to detect seasonal patterns as well as inter-annual dynamics and show diverse behaviour of static, decreasing, or dynamic water bodies in the study region. The size of the Southern Aral Sea, as the most popular example for an ecologic catastrophe, is decreasing significantly throughout all seasons (R2 0.96 for April; 0.97 for July; 0.96 for September). Same is true for shallow natural lakes in the northern Kazakhstan, exemplary the Tengiz-Korgalzhyn lake system, which have been shrinking in the last two decades due to drier conditions (R2 0.91 for July; 0.90 for September). On the contrary, water reservoirs show high seasonality and are very dynamic within one year in their areal extent with maximum before growing season and minimum after growing season. Furthermore, there are water bodies such as Alakol-Sasykol lake system and natural mountainous lakes which have been stable in their areal extent throughout the entire time period. Validation was performed based on several Landsat images with 30m resolution and reveals an overall accuracy of 83% for AVHRR and 91% for MODIS monthly water masks. The results should assist for climatological and ecological studies, land and water management, and as input data for different modelling applications.

Igor Klein; Andreas J. Dietz; Ursula Gessner; Anastassiya Galayeva; Akhan Myrzakhmetov; Claudia Kuenzer

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Maximum Photovoltaic Penetration Levels on Typical Distribution Feeders: Preprint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents simulation results for a taxonomy of typical distribution feeders with various levels of photovoltaic (PV) penetration. For each of the 16 feeders simulated, the maximum PV penetration that did not result in steady-state voltage or current violation is presented for several PV location scenarios: clustered near the feeder source, clustered near the midpoint of the feeder, clustered near the end of the feeder, randomly located, and evenly distributed. In addition, the maximum level of PV is presented for single, large PV systems at each location. Maximum PV penetration was determined by requiring that feeder voltages stay within ANSI Range A and that feeder currents stay within the ranges determined by overcurrent protection devices. Simulations were run in GridLAB-D using hourly time steps over a year with randomized load profiles based on utility data and typical meteorological year weather data. For 86% of the cases simulated, maximum PV penetration was at least 30% of peak load.

Hoke, A.; Butler, R.; Hambrick, J.; Kroposki, B.

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

On the maximum pressure rise rate in boosted HCCI operation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper explores the combined effects of boosting, intake air temperature, trapped residual gas fraction, and dilution on the Maximum Pressure Rise Rate (MPRR) in a boosted single cylinder gasoline HCCI engine with ...

Wildman, Craig B.

76

Nonstationary analysis of annual maximum streamflow of Canada  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Both natural climate change and anthropogenic impacts may cause nonstationarities in hydrological extremes. In this study, long-term annual maximum streamflow (AMS) records from 145 stations over Canada were used to investigate the nonstationary ...

Xuezhi Tan; Thian Yew Gan

77

Propane spectral resolution enhancement by the maximum entropy method  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Burg algorithm for maximum entropy power spectral density estimation is applied to a time series of data obtained from a Michelson interferometer and compared with a standard fast...

Bonavito, N L; Yeh, K C; Stewart, K P; Inguva, R; Hurley, E J

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Mapping galaxy encounters in numerical simulations: The spatial extent of induced star formation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We employ a suite of 75 simulations of galaxies in idealised major mergers (stellar mass ratio ~2.5:1), with a wide range of orbital parameters, to investigate the spatial extent of interaction-induced star formation. Although the total star formation in galaxy encounters is generally elevated relative to isolated galaxies, we find that this elevation is a combination of intense enhancements within the central kpc and moderately suppressed activity at large galacto-centric radii. The radial dependence of the star formation enhancement is stronger in the less massive galaxy than in the primary, and is also more pronounced in mergers of more closely aligned disc spin orientations. Conversely, these trends are almost entirely independent of the encounter's impact parameter and orbital eccentricity. Our predictions of the radial dependence of triggered star formation, and specifically the suppression of star formation beyond kph-scales, will be testable with the next generation of integral-field spectroscopic sur...

Moreno, Jorge; Ellison, Sara L; Patton, David R; Bluck, Asa F L; Bansal, Gunjan; Hernquist, Lars

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Advanced Technologies and Practices  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Top Innovations in this category encompass research in specific technologies and construction practices that improve the building envelope, HVAC components, ventilation, and health and safety issues.

80

Exploration Best Practices  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Farm 1 | US DOE Geothermal Program eere.energy.gov Geothermal Technologies Program 2010 Peer Review Exploration Best Practices and Success Rates PI: Katherine Young Presented by:...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "maximum extent practical" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Radioactive Material Transportation Practices  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

Establishes standard transportation practices for Departmental programs to use in planning and executing offsite shipments of radioactive materials including radioactive waste. Does not cancel other directives.

2002-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

82

Is there a maximum observable redshift in an open universe?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An estimate of the maximum observable redshift is obtained using only t_{0} approximately equal to (14+- 3)10^{9}years, H_{0} approximately equal to 65 +- 10Km\\sec^{-1}Mpc^{-1}(t_{0}H_{0} approximately equal to 0.91 +- 0.08/0.18) assuming \\Lambda approximately equal to 0. The resulting maximum redshift z_{+} approximately equal to 10 appears to give a reasonable upper limit to the highest actually observed redshifts. Some implications are discussed.

J. A. Gonzalo

2000-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

83

Efficiency at maximum power of interacting molecular machines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate the efficiency of systems of molecular motors operating at maximum power. We consider two models of kinesin motors on a microtubule: for both the simplified and the detailed model, we find that the many-body exclusion effect enhances the efficiency at maximum power of the many-motor system, with respect to the single motor case. Remarkably, we find that this effect occurs in a limited region of the system parameters, compatible with the biologically relevant range.

N. Golubeva; A. Imparato

2012-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

84

Best Environmental Management Practices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Best Environmental Management Practices Farm Animal Production Land Application of Manure management practices to avoid polluting surface or groundwater. 1. Public and private water wells Public pollution of surface waters increases. Therefore, to avoid this risk, manure P loadings should be managed

85

Introducing BEST PRACTICE GUIDANCE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

placement 6. Application of sewage sludges and composts 7. Fertiliser application in land regeneration 8Introducing BEST PRACTICE GUIDANCE FOR LAND REGENERATION Best Practice Guidance for Land of brownfield land for woodland and urban greening after uses. The Notes are devised for practitioners and all

86

Introduction to GlobSnow Snow Extent products with considerations for accuracy assessment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The European Space Agency's Data User Element (DUE) project GlobSnow was established to create a global database of Snow Extent and Snow Water Equivalent. The Snow Extent (SE) product portfolio provided within ESA DUE GlobSnow (20082014) is introduced and described, with a special focus on the Daily Fractional Snow Cover (DFSC) of the SE version 2.0 and its successor 2.1 released in 20132014. The fractional snow retrieval uses the \\{SCAmod\\} method designed ecpecially to enable accurate snow mapping including forests. The basics of the methodology are presented, as well as the cloud screening method applied in SE production. Considerations for future validations together with discussion on some current issues and potential inaccuracies are presented. One focus of the investigation is on the representativeness of reference FSC generated from Landsat Thematic Mapper (TM) and Enhanced Thematic Mapper Plus (ETM+) data, with a particular interest in forested areas. Two methods for reference data generation are investigated. When comparing the GlobSnow Daily Fractional Snow Cover to these reference data, we try to identify how the comparison reflects the possible inaccuracies of the DFSC and to define the conditions where the reference data are not representative. It is obvious that the evaluation result strongly depends on the quality of the reference data, and that the two methods investigated cannot provide representative reference data for dense forests. For fully snow-covered dense conifer forest area in Finland, a Root Mean Squared Error of 2030% was obtained from comparisons although DFSC indicated full snow cover correctly. These first evaluations would indicate a good performance of GlobSnow SE products in forests; however, this does not necessarily show up in validations due to the non-representativeness of the reference data. It is also concluded that GlobSnow SE products are sensitive to the representativeness of the applied \\{SCAmod\\} parameters and that FSC overestimations may occur in dense forests. GlobSnow SE products are available at www.globsnow.info/se/.

Sari Metsmki; Jouni Pulliainen; Miia Salminen; Kari Luojus; Andreas Wiesmann; Rune Solberg; Kristin Bttcher; Mwaba Hiltunen; Elisabeth Ripper

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Maximum entropy production in environmental and ecological systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...practical level, the MEP principle could pave the way for better and more theoretically grounded parameterizations in Earth system models of different complexities. Here, MEP would play a critical role in scaling spatial heterogeneities and temporal...

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Quantum Bose liquids with logarithmic nonlinearity: Self-sustainability and emergence of spatial extent  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Gross-Pitaevskii (GP) equation is a long-wavelength approach widely used to describe the dilute Bose-Einstein condensates (BEC). However, in many physical situations, such as higher densities, this approximation unlikely suffices hence one might need models which would account for long-range correlations and multi-body interactions. We show that the Bose liquid described by the logarithmic wave equation has a number of drastic differences from the GP one. It possesses the self-sustainability property: while the free GP condensate tends to spill all over the available volume the logarithmic one tends to form a Gaussian-type droplet - even in the absence of an external trapping potential. The quasi-particle modes of the logarithmic BEC are shown to acquire a finite size despite the bare particles being assumed point-like, i.e., the spatial extent emerges here as a result of quantum many-body correlations. Finally, we study the elementary excitations and demonstrate that the background density changes the topological structure of their momentum space which, in turn, affects their dispersion relations. Depending on the density the latter can be of the massive relativistic, massless relativistic, tachyonic and quaternionic type.

Alexander V. Avdeenkov; Konstantin G. Zloshchastiev

2011-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

89

Property:Maximum Wave Height(m) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Property Property Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Property:Maximum Wave Height(m) Jump to: navigation, search Property Name Maximum Wave Height(m) Property Type String Pages using the property "Maximum Wave Height(m)" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 1 1.5-ft Wave Flume Facility + 0.2 + 10-ft Wave Flume Facility + 0.5 + 11-ft Wave Flume Facility + 0.4 + 2 2-ft Flume Facility + 0.6 + 3 3-ft Wave Flume Facility + 0.2 + 5 5-ft Wave Flume Facility + 0.5 + 6 6-ft Wave Flume Facility + 0.4 + A Alden Large Flume + 0.0 + Alden Small Flume + 0.2 + Alden Wave Basin + 0.3 + B Breakwater Research Facility + 0.0 + C Carderock Maneuvering & Seakeeping Basin + 0.6 + Carderock Tow Tank 2 + 0.6 + Carderock Tow Tank 3 + 0.6 +

90

Efficiency of autonomous soft nano-machines at maximum power  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider nano-sized artificial or biological machines working in steady state enforced by imposing non-equilibrium concentrations of solutes or by applying external forces, torques or electric fields. For unicyclic and strongly coupled multicyclic machines, efficiency at maximum power is not bounded by the linear response value 1/2. For strong driving, it can even approach the thermodynamic limit 1. Quite generally, such machines fall in three different classes characterized, respectively, as "strong and efficient", "strong and inefficient", and "balanced". For weakly coupled multicyclic machines, efficiency at maximum power has lost any universality even in the linear response regime.

Udo Seifert

2010-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

91

Practical image based lighting  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this thesis, we present a user-friendly and practical method for seamless integration of computer-generated images (CG) with real photographs and video. In general such seamless integration is extremely hard and requires recovery of real world...

Lee, Jaemin

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

92

Practical exponential smoothing credibility  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Since some time so-called credibility estimators with geometric weights are of some practical importance. As alternatives one can use so-called exponential smoothing credibility estimators. In the present paper t...

Erhard Kremer

1990-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Practical knowledge and abilities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The thesis is an exploration of the relations between know-how, abilities, and ordinary knowledge of facts. It is shown that there is a distinctively practical sort of know-how and a corresponding interpretation of 'S knows ...

Glick, Ephraim N

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Electricity Restructuring in Practice  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Severe flaws exist in the theoretic case for regulation and practice in electric power is worse than theory predicts. Theory suggests regulation was both unneeded and unlikely to succeed. New Deal initiatives ...

Richard L. Gordon

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Elementary Practical Physics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... an essentially practical book to an explanation of such terms as electromotive force, conductivity, resistance, or of the theory of the battery or the meaning of Ohm's law. ... points are in fact ten pages'wasted.

1887-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

96

Electrical Safe Work Practices  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Electrical Safe Work Practices Electrical Safe Work Practices July 15, 2005 NOTE: Working hot is a last alternative All activities on or near electrically energized systems having live parts shall be conducted in accordance with the limitations and procedures specified in the latest version of NFPA 70E and with the safe work practices and conditions that follow. Only qualified personnel {as defined in NFPA 70E Article 110.6(D)} as authorized by supervisor can perform such work. Safe Work Practices: Know the equipment and potential hazards - Define the scope of work. Submit the scope of work to your supervisor for approval. Analyze the hazards use engineered methods to mitigate hazards. Establish procedures as necessary. Use barricades or other means to prevent unqualified persons crossing approach boundaries.

97

Best Environmental Management Practices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Best Environmental Management Practices Farm Animal Production Disposal of Farm Medical Wastes Dan Vitamins and minerals Topical Medications Sprays Dewormers Ointments #12;Best Environmental Management of environmental contamination with chemicals or infectious agents. These include, among others: Injectable

98

Nature and extent of lava-flow aquifers beneath Pahute Mesa, Nevada Test Site  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Work is currently underway within the Underground Test Area subproject of the US Department of Energy/Nevada Operations Office Environmental Restoration Program to develop corrective action plans in support of the overall corrective action strategy for the Nevada Test Site as established in the Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order (FFACO, 1996). A closure plan is currently being developed for Pahute Mesa, which has been identified in the FFACO as consisting of the Western and Central Pahute Mesa Corrective Action Units. Part of this effort requires that hydrogeologic data be compiled for inclusion in a regional model that will be used to predict a contaminant boundary for these Corrective Action Units. Hydrogeologic maps have been prepared for use in the model to define the nature and extent of aquifers and confining units that might influence the flow of contaminated groundwater from underground nuclear tests conducted at Pahute Mesa. Much of the groundwater flow beneath Pahute Mesa occurs within lava-flow aquifers. An understanding of the distribution and hydraulic character of these important hydrogeologic units is necessary to accurately model groundwater flow beneath Pahute Mesa. This report summarizes the results of a study by Bechtel Nevada geologists to better define the hydrogeology of lava-flow aquifers at Pahute Mesa. The purpose of this study was twofold: (1) aid in the development of the hydrostratigraphic framework for Pahute Mesa, and (2) provide information on the distribution and hydraulic character of lava-flow aquifers beneath Pahute Mesa for more accurate computer modeling of the Western and Central Pahute Mesa Corrective Action Units.

Prothro, L.B.; Drellack, S.L. Jr.

1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Maximum power tracking control scheme for wind generator systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The purpose of this work is to develop a maximum power tracking control strategy for variable speed wind turbine systems. Modern wind turbine control systems are slow, and they depend on the design parameters of the turbine and use wind and/or rotor...

Mena, Hugo Eduardo

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

100

Maximum power tracking control scheme for wind generator systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The purpose of this work is to develop a maximum power tracking control strategy for variable speed wind turbine systems. Modern wind turbine control systems are slow, and they depend on the design parameters of the turbine and use wind and/or rotor...

Mena Lopez, Hugo Eduardo

2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "maximum extent practical" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Performance of Civil Aviation Receivers during Maximum Solar Activity Events  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Performance of Civil Aviation Receivers during Maximum Solar Activity Events Lina DEAMBROGIO on the fields of ionosphere scintillations, solar energetic particles and on the implementation of operational the upcoming period of high solar activity. Emilien ROBERT got his PhD in 2005 and started to work on behalf

Boyer, Edmond

102

Rapidly Solving an Online Sequence of Maximum Flow Problems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

... an interdictor allocates a finite amount of resources to remove arcs from a net- ... is, the next maximum flow problem in the sequence differs from the previous one by ..... the appropriate reoptimization case and then taking the appropriate action to ..... Our first set of computational experiments tested the performance of our...

2008-02-29T23:59:59.000Z

103

THE MAXIMUM CAPACITY OF A LINE PLAN IS INAPPROXIMABLE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE MAXIMUM CAPACITY OF A LINE PLAN IS INAPPROXIMABLE CHRISTINA PUHL AND SEBASTIAN STILLER Abstract a network, upper arc-capacities and a line pool. E-mail: puhl@math.tu-berlin.de, stiller of the European Commission under contract no. FP6-021235-2. 1 #12;2 CHRISTINA PUHL AND SEBASTIAN STILLER We

Nabben, Reinhard

104

Maximum-principle-satisfying and positivity-preserving high order ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

conservation laws: Survey and new developments ..... Notice that in (2.10) we need to evaluate the maximum/minimum of a ..... total energy, p is the pressure, e is the internal energy, and ? > 1 is a constant ... under a standard CFL condition.

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

High-Energy Flare Observations from the Solar Maximum Mission  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...research-article High-Energy Flare Observations from the Solar Maximum Mission W...Vestrand We review high-energy observations of solar flares with emphasis...expectation, high-energy emission is a common property of solar flares. Direct interpretation...

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Maximum Entropy in Support of Semantically Annotated Datasets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Maximum Entropy in Support of Semantically Annotated Datasets Paulo Pinheiro da Silva, Vladik whether two datasets describe the same quantity. The existing solution to this problem is to use these datasets' ontologies to deduce that these datasets indeed represent the same quantity. However, even when

Kreinovich, Vladik

107

O(1)-Approximations for Maximum Movement Piotr Berman1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

movement of the pebbles, motivated by minimizing either execution time or energy usage. Spe- cific problems the maximum movement made by pebbles on a graph to reach a configuration in which the pebbles form a connected. For example, in the connectivity goal, the proximity of the robots should form a connected graph. Two

Demaine, Erik

108

Maximization of Recursive Utilities: A Dynamic Maximum Principle Approach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Maximization of Recursive Utilities: A Dynamic Maximum Principle Approach Wahid FAIDI LAMSIN, ENIT for a class of robust utility function introduced in Bordigoni, Matoussi et Schweizer (2005). Our method-investment strategy which is characterized as the unique solution of a forward-backward system. Key words : Utility

Di Girolami, Cristina

109

Maximum stellar mass versus cluster membership number revisited  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have made a new compilation of observations of maximum stellar mass versus cluster membership number from the literature, which we analyse for consistency with the predictions of a simple random drawing hypothesis for stellar mass selection in clusters. Previously, Weidner and Kroupa have suggested that the maximum stellar mass is lower, in low mass clusters, than would be expected on the basis of random drawing, and have pointed out that this could have important implications for steepening the integrated initial mass function of the Galaxy (the IGIMF) at high masses. Our compilation demonstrates how the observed distribution in the plane of maximum stellar mass versus membership number is affected by the method of target selection; in particular, rather low n clusters with large maximum stellar masses are abundant in observational datasets that specifically seek clusters in the environs of high mass stars. Although we do not consider our compilation to be either complete or unbiased, we discuss the method by which such data should be statistically analysed. Our very provisional conclusion is that the data is not indicating any striking deviation from the expectations of random drawing.

Th. Maschberger; C. J. Clarke

2008-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

110

Renewable Energy Scheduling for Fading Channels with Maximum Power Constraint  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Renewable Energy Scheduling for Fading Channels with Maximum Power Constraint Zhe Wang Electrical--In this paper, we develop efficient algorithm to obtain the optimal energy schedule for fading channel with energy harvesting. We assume that the side information of both the channel states and energy harvesting

Greenberg, Albert

111

Best Practices | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Best Best Practices Best Practices Facilities Asset Management Best Practices A best practice is a specific process that works and creates ideas, options and insights for others. The following best practices highlight best practice policies and success stories from across the U.S. Federal Government that have substantially improved the management of Federal inventory through: improved financial performance, increased efficiency and productivity, promoted sustainable development, reduced costs and time, saved energy, and supported strategic goals of Federal agencies. Find out more about: Resource Conservation DOE Office of Health, Safety and Security, Best Practices in Sustainable Environmental Stewardship, 2008 Federal Energy Management Program, Metering Best Practices, A Guide

112

Best Practices | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Best Practices in Sustainable Environmental Stewardship, 2008 Federal Energy Management Program, Metering Best Practices, A Guide to Achieving Utility Resource Efficiency,...

113

Algae control problems and practices workshop  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Western water resources are continuously facing increased demand from industry and the public. Consequently, many of these resources are required to perform multiple tasks as they cycle through the ecosystem. Many plants and animals depend upon these resources for growth. Algae are one group of plants associated with nutrient and energy cycles in many aquatic ecosystems. Although most freshwater algae are microscopic in size, they are capable of dominating and proliferating to the extent that the value of the water resource for both industrial and domestic needs is compromised. There is a great diversity of aquatic environments and systems in which algae may be found, and there are many varieties of treatment and control techniques available to reduce the impacts of excessive growth. This workshop was organized to exchange information about these control problems and practices.

Pryfogle, P.A. [Idaho National Engineering Lab., Idaho Falls, ID (United States); Ghio, G. [Pacific Gas and Electric Co., San Francisco, CA (United States)

1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Property:Maximum Velocity(m/s) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Velocity(m/s) Velocity(m/s) Jump to: navigation, search Property Name Maximum Velocity(m/s) Property Type String Pages using the property "Maximum Velocity(m/s)" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) A Alden Large Flume + 0.9 + B Bucknell Hydraulic Flume + 2.7 + C Carderock Maneuvering & Seakeeping Basin + 7.2 + Carderock Rotating Arm Tow Tank + 25.8 + Carderock Tow Tank 1 + 9.3 + Carderock Tow Tank 2 + 10.3 + Carderock Tow Tank 3 + 25.8 + Chase Tow Tank + 2.5 + D Davidson Laboratory Tow Tank + 18.3 + H Haynes Tow Tank + 1.8 + I Ice Towing Tank + 0.5 + L Lakefront Tow Tank + 2.7 + M MHL Free Surface Channel + 2 + MHL High Speed Cavitation + 25.9 + MHL Tow Tank + 6.7 + MIT Tow Tank + 1.5 + MMA Tugboat/ Barge/ Vessel + 5.1 + Maine Tow Tank + 3 +

115

Radiative muon capture rates and the maximum photon energy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The differential photon spectrum for radiative muon capture is expanded about the average maximum photon energy km and the correction terms evaluated using for one a modified Thomas-Reiche-Kuhn sum rule, thus extending previous work for ordinary capture. The resulting rate is much less dependent on km than the usual closure result. The ratio km? appropriate for closure calculations, with ? the average neutrino energy, is determined and found to be approximately constant and, when correction terms are included, somewhat higher than values previously used. By similar techniques a consistency relation is derived which can be solved to explicitly estimate "physical" values of km and ?.NUCLEAR REACTIONS Radiative muon capture. Differential photon spectrum, relative rate for Ca40. Dipole sum rules used to correct closure approximation, obtain estimates of mean excitation energy, average maximum photon energy.

R. S. Sloboda and Harold W. Fearing

1978-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Multifamily Ventilation - Best Practice?  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Multifamily Ventilation - Best Practice? Multifamily Ventilation - Best Practice? Dianne Griffiths April 29, 2013 Presentation Outline * Basic Objectives * Exhaust Systems * Make-up Air Systems Two Primary Ventilation Objectives 1) Providing Fresh Air - Whole-House 2) Removing Pollutants - Local Exhaust Our goal is to find the simplest solution that satisfies both objectives while minimizing cost and energy impacts. Common Solution: Align local exhaust with fresh air requirements (Ex: 25 Bath + 25 Kitchen) Exhaust-Driven Fresh Air Design * Exhaust slightly depressurizes the units * Outside air enters through leaks, cracks, or planned inlets * Widely used in the North Multifamily Ventilation Best Practice * Step 1: Understand ventilation requirements * Step 2: Select the simplest design that can

117

When are microcircuits well-modeled by maximum entropy methods?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and fire. The inputs are chosen from distributions that are either gaussian, uniform, skewed, or bimodal. For each circuit, we compute the distribution on output spiking states either analytically or by sampling, approximate by a maximum entropy fit... generation is characterized by a simple static nonlinearity, or by integrate-and-fire (LIF) threshold-crossing dynamics. However, this circuit does generate substantial higher-order correlations if the common input to the three cells is bimodal. This approach...

2010-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

118

Maximum entanglement in squeezed boson and fermion states  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A class of squeezed boson and fermion states is studied with particular emphasis on the nature of entanglement. We first investigate the case of bosons, considering two-mode squeezed states. Then we construct the fermion version to show that such states are maximum entangled, for both bosons and fermions. To achieve these results, we demonstrate some relations involving squeezed boson states. The generalization to the case of fermions is made by using Grassmann variables.

Khanna, F. C. [Theoretical Physics Institute, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2J1 (Canada); TRIUMF, Vancouver, British Columbia V6T 2A3 (Canada); Malbouisson, J. M. C. [Instituto de Fisica, Universidade Federal da Bahia, 40210-340, Salvador, BA (Brazil); Theoretical Physics Institute, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2J1 (Canada); Santana, A. E. [Instituto de Fisica, Universidade de Brasilia, 70910-900, Brasilia, DF (Brazil); Theoretical Physics Institute, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2J1 (Canada); Santos, E. S. [Centro Federal de Educacao Tecnologica da Bahia, 40030-010, Salvador, BA (Brazil)

2007-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

119

Maximum Entry and Mandatory Separation Ages for Certain Security Employees  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

The policy establishes the DOE policy on maximum entry and mandatory separation ages for primary or secondary positions covered under special statutory retirement provisions and for those employees whose primary duties are the protection of officials of the United States against threats to personal safety or the investigation, apprehension, and detention of individuals suspected or convicted of offenses against the criminal laws of the United States. Admin Chg 1, dated 12-1-11, cancels DOE P 310.1.

2001-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

120

The Maximum Patch Method for Directional Dark Matter Detection  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Present and planned dark matter detection experiments search for WIMP-induced nuclear recoils in poorly known background conditions. In this environment, the maximum gap statistical method provides a way of setting more sensitive cross section upper limits by incorporating known signal information. We give a recipe for the numerical calculation of upper limits for planned directional dark matter detection experiments, that will measure both recoil energy and angle, based on the gaps between events in two-dimensional phase space.

Shawn Henderson; Jocelyn Monroe; Peter Fisher

2008-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "maximum extent practical" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Maximum patch method for directional dark matter detection  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Present and planned dark matter detection experiments search for WIMP-induced nuclear recoils in poorly known background conditions. In this environment, the maximum gap statistical method provides a way of setting more sensitive cross section upper limits by incorporating known signal information. We give a recipe for the numerical calculation of upper limits for planned directional dark matter detection experiments, that will measure both recoil energy and angle, based on the gaps between events in two-dimensional phase space.

Henderson, Shawn; Monroe, Jocelyn; Fisher, Peter [Department of Physics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 (United States); Laboratory for Nuclear Science, MIT Kavli Institute for Astrophysics and Space Research, Department of Physics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 (United States)

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Maximum entropy method for reconstruction of the CMB images  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We propose a new approach for the accurate reconstruction of cosmic microwave background distributions from observations containing in addition to the primary fluctuations the radiation from unresolved extragalactic point sources and pixel noise. The approach uses some effective realizations of the well-known maximum entropy method and principally takes into account {\\it a priori} information about finiteness and spherical symmetry of the power spectrum of the CMB satisfying the Gaussian statistics.

A. T. Bajkova

2002-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

123

Property:Maximum Wave Length(m) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Wave Length(m) Wave Length(m) Jump to: navigation, search Property Name Maximum Wave Length(m) Property Type String Pages using the property "Maximum Wave Length(m)" Showing 18 pages using this property. A Alden Small Flume + Variable + Alden Wave Basin + 1.8 + C Carderock Maneuvering & Seakeeping Basin + 12.2 + Carderock Tow Tank 2 + 12.2 + Carderock Tow Tank 3 + 12.2 + D Davidson Laboratory Tow Tank + 15.2 + DeFrees Large Wave Basin + 64 + DeFrees Small Wave Basin + 30 + H Haynes Wave Basin + 10.7 + L Lakefront Tow Tank + 22 + M MIT Tow Tank + 4.6 + O OTRC Wave Basin + 25 + Ohmsett Tow Tank + 18 + R Richmond Field Station Tow Tank + 2 + S SAFL Channel + 6.6 + Sandia Lake Facility + 4.57 + Sheets Wave Basin + 10 + Ship Towing Tank + 6 + Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Property:Maximum_Wave_Length(m)&oldid=597351

124

IEP - Water-Energy Interface: Total Maximum Daily Load Page  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Total Maximum Daily Loads (TMDLs) Total Maximum Daily Loads (TMDLs) The overall goal of the Clean Water Act is to "restore and maintain the chemical, physical, and biological integrity of the Nation’s waters." In 1999, EPA proposed changes to Section 303(d), to establish Total Maximum Daily Loads (TMDLs) for watersheds that do not meet this goal. The TMDL is the highest amount of a given pollutant that is permissible in that body of water over a given period of time. TMDLs include both waste load allocation (WLA) for point sources and load allocations for non-point sources. In Appalachia, acid mine drainage (AMD) is the single most damaging non-point source. There is also particular concern of the atmospheric deposition of airborne sulfur, nitrogen, and mercury compounds. States are currently in the process of developing comprehensive lists of impaired waters and establishing TMDLs for those waters. EPA has recently proposed a final rule that will require states to develop TMDLs and implement plans for improving water quality within the next 10 years. Under the new rule, TMDL credits could be traded within a watershed.

125

Practical Potential of Reverse Electrodialysis As Process for Sustainable Energy Generation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Practical Potential of Reverse Electrodialysis As Process for Sustainable Energy Generation ... Post et al. studied the internal energetic losses in a RED stack for two different spacer thicknesses (0.2 and 0.5 mm) and concluded that decreasing the intermembrane distance (spacer thickness) could be beneficial for power generation, although not to the expected extent (4). ...

Piotr D?ugo??cki; Antoine Gambier; Kitty Nijmeijer; Matthias Wessling

2009-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

126

Table S1. Cotton extent and Mexican free-tailed bat population size per county. County State  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

File S1 Table S1. Cotton extent and Mexican free-tailed bat population size per county. County State Bat population size Mean cotton hectares* County State Bat population size Mean cotton hectares 28,255 4,127 *From 1990 to 2008 Table S2. Upland and Pima cotton price over time. Year Upland Cotton

Russell, Amy L.

127

Optimization of a Sea Ice Model Using Basinwide Observations of Arctic Sea Ice Thickness, Extent, and Velocity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

datasets. 1. Introduction Sea ice is important to the climate system because it insulates the cold polarOptimization of a Sea Ice Model Using Basinwide Observations of Arctic Sea Ice Thickness, Extent 2004, in final form 27 June 2005) ABSTRACT A stand-alone sea ice model is tuned and validated using

Feltham, Daniel

128

Maximum likelihood reconstruction for the Daya Bay Experiment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Daya Bay Reactor Neutrino experiment is designed to precisely determine the neutrino mixing angle theta13. In this paper, we report a maximum likelihood (ML) method to reconstruct the vertex and energy of events in the anti-neutrino detector, based on a simplified optical model that describes light propagation. We calibrate the key paramters of the optical model with Co60 source, by comparing the predicted charges of the PMTs with the observed charges. With the optimized parameters, the resolution of the vertex reconstruction is about 25cm for Co60 gamma.

Xia Dongmei

2014-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

129

Critical Mechanisms for the Formation of Extreme Arctic Sea-Ice Extent in the Summers of 2007 and 1996  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A warming Arctic climate is undergoing significant e 21 nvironmental change, most evidenced by the reduction of Arctic sea-ice extent during the summer. In this study, we examine two extreme anomalies of September sea-ice extent in 2007 and 1996, and investigate the impacts of cloud fraction (CF), atmospheric precipitable water vapor (PWV), downwelling longwave flux (DLF), surface air temperature (SAT), pressure and winds on the sea-ice variation in 2007 and 1996 using both satellite-derived sea-ice products and MERRA reanalysis. The area of the Laptev, East Siberian and West Chukchi seas (70-90oN, 90-180oE) has experienced the largest variation in sea-ice extent from year-to-year and defined here as the Area Of Focus (AOF). The record low September sea-ice extent in 2007 was associated with positive anomalies 30 of CF, PWV, DLF, and SAT over the AOF. Persistent anti-cyclone positioned over the Beaufort Sea coupled with low pressure over Eurasia induced easterly zonal and southerly meridional winds. In contrast, negative CF, PWV, DLF and SAT anomalies, as well as opposite wind patterns to those in 2007, characterized the 1996 high September sea-ice extent. Through this study, we hypothesize the following positive feedbacks of clouds, water vapor, radiation and atmospheric variables on the sea-ice retreat during the summer 2007. The record low sea-ice extent during the summer 2007 is initially triggered by the atmospheric circulation anomaly. The southerly winds across the Chukchi and East Siberian seas transport warm, moist air from the north Pacific, which is not only enhancing sea-ice melt across the AOF, but also increasing clouds. The positive cloud feedback results in higher SAT and more sea-ice melt. Therefore, 40 more water vapor could be evaporated from open seas and higher SAT to form more clouds, which will enhance positive cloud feedback. This enhanced positive cloud feedback will then further increase SAT and accelerate the sea-ice retreat during the summer 2007.

Dong, Xiquan; Zib, Benjamin J.; Xi, Baike; Stanfield, Ryan; Deng, Yi; Zhang, Xiangdong; Lin, B.; Long, Charles N.

2014-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

130

ESTSC - Software Best Practices  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Scientific and Technical Software Best Practices Scientific and Technical Software Best Practices December 2010 Table of Contents 1.0 Introduction 2.0 Responsibilities 2.1 OSTI/ESTSC 2.2 SIACs 2.3 Software Submitting Sites/Creators 2.4 Software Sensitivity Review 3.0 Software Announcement and Submission 3.1 STI Software Appropriate for Announcement 3.2 Announcement/Submission Criteria 3.3 Software Categories 3.4 Announcement Notice Metadata Elements 4.0 Software Access 4.1 Foreign Access to Software 4.2 Copyrighted Software 4.3 Software Licenses 4.4 Distribution Statement and Disclaimer Attachments Attachment 1 Attachment 2 1.0 INTRODUCTION Department of Energy (DOE) Order (O) 241.1B requires that scientific and technical information (STI), including scientific and technical computer software, be made broadly available, within applicable laws and

131

4 - Vineyard Practice  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Coverage begins with an outline of the vines annual growth cycle and its relevant vineyard activity. This leads into vine management, including: a discussion of the yield/quality ratio; pruning and training options; row spacing and orientation; canopy and vigor management; major pruning/training systems; rootstocks; grafting and propagation; and vineyard establishment. There is a brief diversion into Roman viticultural practice and its modernness. This is followed by an investigation of practices such as irrigation and fertilization (both organic and inorganic), as well as their relative requirements, benefits, and problems. Disease, pest, and weed control are explored, both in general terms and as applied to specific vine disorders (both biologic and environmental), including their consequences on fruit quality. Subsequently, harvest is discussed in terms of the criteria used, sampling techniques, and collection procedures and their relative benefits. The chapter concludes with an exploration of vineyard variability, its detection, and the advantages of uniformity.

Ronald S. Jackson

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Location of Maximum Credible Beam Losses in LCLS Injector  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The memo describes the maximum credible beam the LCLS injector can produce and lose at various locations along the beamline. The estimation procedure is based upon three previous reports [1, 2, 3]. While specific numbers have been updated to accurately reflect the present design parameters, the conclusions are very similar to those given in Ref 1. The source of the maximum credible beam results from the explosive electron emission from the photocathode if the drive laser intensity exceeds the threshold for plasma production. In this event, the gun's RF field can extract a large number of electrons from this plasma which are accelerated out of the gun and into the beamline. This electron emission persists until it has depleted the gun of all its energy. Hence the number of electrons emitted per pulse is limited by the amount of stored RF energy in the gun. It needs to be emphasized that this type of emission is highly undesirable, as it causes permanent damage to the cathode.

Mao, Stan

2010-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

133

Ionization and maximum energy of nuclei in shock acceleration theory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the acceleration of heavy nuclei at SNR shocks when the process of ionization is taken into account. Heavy atoms ($Z_N >$ few) in the interstellar medium which start the diffusive shock acceleration (DSA) are never fully ionized at the moment of injection. The ionization occurs during the acceleration process, when atoms already move relativistically. For typical environment around SNRs the photo-ionization due to the background galactic radiation dominates over Coulomb collisions. The main consequence of ionization is the reduction of the maximum energy which ions can achieve with respect to the standard result of the DSA. In fact the photo-ionization has a timescale comparable to the beginning of the Sedov-Taylor phase, hence the maximum energy is no more proportional to the nuclear charge, as predicted by standard DSA, but rather to the effective ions' charge during the acceleration process, which is smaller than the total nuclear charge $Z_N$. This result can have a direct consequence in the pred...

Morlino, Giovanni

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

and Practices HEALTH INFORMATION ACT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the use of the Guidelines and Practice Manual, please contact: Alberta Health and Wellness HIA Help Desk P is a practical reference tool for the application of Alberta's Health Information Act (HIA). It is designed

MacMillan, Andrew

135

Boiler Maximum Achievable Control Technology (MACT) Technical Assistance- Fact Sheet, May 2014  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Fact sheet about the Boiler Maximum Achievable Control Technology (MACT) Technical Assistance Program

136

Diffusion maximum as a function of size in dense liquids  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We study the diffusion of small guest particles of different sizes in a host fluid at liquid densities using molecular dynamics simulations. We observe an enhancement of the diffusivity of guest particles for a size related to the structure of the void space of the host fluid, analogous to the levitation effect observed for guest diffusion in porous solids. Friction and activation energy are found to be minimum for the guest size with maximum self-diffusivity. Wavelength dependent self-diffusivity indicates a monotonic and oscillatory dependence on wave number k for anomalous and linear regimes, respectively. These are associated with single and bi-exponential decay of the incoherent intermediate scattering function.

Pradip Kr. Ghorai; A. V. Anil Kumar; Srikanth Sastry; S. Yashonath

2005-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

137

Maximum-Likelihood Continuity Mapping (MALCOM): An Alternative to HMMs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The authors describe Maximum-Likelihood Continuity Mapping (MALCOM) as an alternative to hidden Markov models (HMMs) for processing sequence data such as speech. While HMMs have a discrete ''hidden'' space constrained by a fixed finite-automata architecture, MALCOM has a continuous hidden space (a continuity map) that is constrained only by a smoothness requirement on paths through the space. MALCOM fits into the same probabilistic framework for speech recognition as HMMs, but it represents a far more realistic model of the speech production process. The authors support this claim by generating continuity maps for three speakers and using the resulting MALCOM paths to predict measured speech articulator data. The correlations between the MALCOM paths (obtained from only the speech acoustics) and the actual articulator movements average 0.77 on an independent test set not used to train MALCOM nor the predictor. On average, this unsupervised model achieves 92% of performance obtained using the corresponding supervised method.

Nix, D.A.; Hogden, J.E.

1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Maximum Entropy Principle and the Higgs boson mass  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract A successful connection between Higgs boson decays and the Maximum Entropy Principle is presented. Based on the information theory inference approach we determine the Higgs boson mass as M H = 125.04 0.25 GeV , a value fully compatible to the LHC measurement. This is straightforwardly obtained by taking the Higgs boson branching ratios as the target probability distributions of the inference, without any extra assumptions beyond the Standard Model. Yet, the principle can be a powerful tool in the construction of any model affecting the Higgs sector. We give, as an example, the case where the Higgs boson has an extra invisible decay channel within a Higgs portal model.

Alexandre Alves; Alex G. Dias; Roberto da Silva

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Reduction in maximum time uncertainty of paired time signals  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Reduction in the maximum time uncertainty (t/sub max/ - t/sub min/) of a series of paired time signals t/sub 1/ and t/sub 2/ varying between two input terminals and representative of a series of single events where t/sub 1/ less than or equal to t/sub 2/ and t/sub 1/ + t/sub 2/ equals a constant, is carried out with a circuit utilizing a combination of OR and AND gates as signal selecting means and one or more time delays to increase the minimum value (t/sub min/) of the first signal t/sub 1/ closer to t/sub max/ and thereby reduce the difference. The circuit may utilize a plurality of stages to reduce the uncertainty by factors of 20 to 800.

Theodosiou, G.E.; Dawson, J.W.

1981-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

140

Maximum Likelihood Analysis of Low Energy CDMS II Germanium Data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report on the results of a search for a Weakly Interacting Massive Particle (WIMP) signal in low-energy data of the Cryogenic Dark Matter Search (CDMS~II) experiment using a maximum likelihood analysis. A background model is constructed using GEANT4 to simulate the surface-event background from $^{210}$Pb decay-chain events, while using independent calibration data to model the gamma background. Fitting this background model to the data results in no statistically significant WIMP component. In addition, we perform fits using an analytic ad hoc background model proposed by Collar and Fields, who claimed to find a large excess of signal-like events in our data. We confirm the strong preference for a signal hypothesis in their analysis under these assumptions, but excesses are observed in both single- and multiple-scatter events, which implies the signal is not caused by WIMPs, but rather reflects the inadequacy of their background model.

Agnese, R; Balakishiyeva, D; Thakur, R Basu; Bauer, D A; Billard, J; Borgland, A; Bowles, M A; Brandt, D; Brink, P L; Bunker, R; Cabrera, B; Caldwell, D O; Cerdeno, D G; Chagani, H; Chen, Y; Cooley, J; Cornell, B; Crewdson, C H; Cushman, P; Daal, M; Di Stefano, P C F; Doughty, T; Esteban, L; Fallows, S; Figueroa-Feliciano, E; Fritts, M; Godfrey, G L; Golwala, S R; Graham, M; Hall, J; Harris, H R; Hertel, S A; Hofer, T; Holmgren, D; Hsu, L; Huber, M E; Jastram, A; Kamaev, O; Kara, B; Kelsey, M H; Kennedy, A; Kiveni, M; Koch, K; Leder, A; Loer, B; Asamar, E Lopez; Mahapatra, R; Mandic, V; Martinez, C; McCarthy, K A; Mirabolfathi, N; Moffatt, R A; Moore, D C; Nelson, R H; Oser, S M; Page, K; Page, W A; Partridge, R; Pepin, M; Phipps, A; Prasad, K; Pyle, M; Qiu, H; Rau, W; Redl, P; Reisetter, A; Ricci, Y; Rogers, H E; Saab, T; Sadoulet, B; Sander, J; Schneck, K; Schnee, R W; Scorza, S; Serfass, B; Shank, B; Speller, D; Upadhyayula, S; Villano, A N; Welliver, B; Wright, D H; Yellin, S; Yen, J J; Young, B A; Zhang, J

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "maximum extent practical" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Probable maximum flood control; Yucca Mountain Site Characterization Project  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This study proposes preliminary design concepts to protect the waste-handling facilities and all shaft and ramp entries to the underground from the probable maximum flood (PMF) in the current design configuration for the proposed Nevada Nuclear Waste Storage Investigation (NNWSI) repository protection provisions were furnished by the United States Bureau of Reclamation (USSR) or developed from USSR data. Proposed flood protection provisions include site grading, drainage channels, and diversion dikes. Figures are provided to show these proposed flood protection provisions at each area investigated. These areas are the central surface facilities (including the waste-handling building and waste treatment building), tuff ramp portal, waste ramp portal, men-and-materials shaft, emplacement exhaust shaft, and exploratory shafts facility.

DeGabriele, C.E.; Wu, C.L. [Bechtel National, Inc., San Francisco, CA (United States)

1991-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Fracture Toughness and Maximum Stress in a Disordered Lattice System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fracture in a disordered lattice system is studied. In our system, particles are initially arranged on the triangular lattice and each nearest-neighbor pair is connected with a randomly chosen soft or hard Hookean spring. Every spring has the common threshold of stress at which it is cut. We make an initial crack and expand the system perpendicularly to the crack. We find that the maximum stress in the stress-strain curve is larger than those in the systems with soft or hard springs only (uniform systems). Energy required to advance fracture is also larger in some disordered systems, which indicates that the fracture toughness improves. The increase of the energy is caused by the following two factors. One is that the soft spring is able to hold larger energy than the hard one. The other is that the number of cut springs increases as the fracture surface becomes tortuous in disordered systems.

Chiyori Urabe; Shinji Takesue

2008-12-29T23:59:59.000Z

143

A new scanning photoemission microscope for ELETTRA: SuperMAXIMUM  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

High brightness third?generation synchrotrons allow diffraction?limited performance and large flux for scanning photoemission microscopes. A new microscope SuperMAXIMUM is being developed at the University of Wisconsin Center for X ray Lithography in collaboration with the Sincrotrone Trieste. The beamline being built in Trieste uses a variable angle spherical gratingmonochromator (VASGM). A combination of rotation of a plane mirror and rotation of the spherical grating keeps the slit positions and beam directions fixed. The microscope objectives are normal?incidence multilayer?coated Schwarzschild objectives. The project which is nearing completion utilizes novel designs for optics alignment sample rastering mechanics and software control. We will discuss the project status new designs and techniques.

John T. Welnak; H. Solak; J. Wallace; F. Cerrina; F. Barbo; M. Bertolo; A. Bianco; S. Di Fonzo; S. Fontana; W. Jark; F. Mazzolini; R. Rosei; A. Savoia; J.H. Underwood; G. Margaritondo

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

A new scanning photoemission microscope for ELETTRA: SuperMAXIMUM  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

High brightness, third-generation synchrotrons allow diffraction-limited performance and large flux for scanning photoemission microscopes. A new microscope, SuperMAXIMUM, is being developed at the University of Wisconsin Center for X ray Lithography in collaboration with the Sincrotrone Trieste. The beamline, being built in Trieste, uses a variable angle spherical grating monochromator (VASGM). A combination of rotation of a plane mirror and rotation of the spherical grating keeps the slit positions and beam directions fixed. The microscope objectives are normal-incidence, multilayer-coated Schwarzschild objectives. The project, which is nearing completion, utilizes novel designs for optics alignment, sample rastering mechanics, and software control. We will discuss the project status, new designs, and techniques. {copyright} {ital 1996 American Institute of Physics.}

Welnak, J.T.; Solak, H.; Wallace, J.; Cerrina, F.; Barbo, F.; Bertolo, M.; Bianco, A.; Di Fonzo, S.; Fontana, S.; Jark, W.; Mazzolini, F.; Rosei, R.; Savoia, A.; Underwood, J.; Margaritondo, G. [University of WI--Center for X ray Lithography, 3731 Schneider Drive, Stoughton, WI 53589 (United States)] [University of WI--Center for X ray Lithography, 3731 Schneider Drive, Stoughton, WI 53589 (United States); [Sincrotrone Trieste, Padriciano 99, 34012, Trieste (Italy); [Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, Center for X ray Optics, 1 Cyclotron Road, 80-101, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); [Institut de Physique Appliqee, Ecole Polytechnique Federale, CH-1015, Lausanne (Switzerland)

1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Statistics in Practice Forensic Science  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Statistics in Practice Forensic Science Dr. David Lucy d.lucy@lancaster.ac.uk Lancaster University Statistics in Practice ­ p.1/36 #12;Forensic Science Criminal evidence becoming increasingly "scientific in Practice ­ p.2/36 #12;Forensic Science Greater realisation that uncertainty is important has lead to

Lucy, David

146

Guide to good practices for shift routines and operating practices  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This Guide to Good Practices is written to enhance understanding of, and provide direction for, ``Shift Routines and Operating Practices,`` Chapter 2 of Department of Energy (DOE) Order 5480.19, Conduct of Operations Requirements for DOE Facilities. The practices in this guide should be considered when planning or reviewing shift routines and operating practices. ``Shift Routines and Operating Practices`` is an element of an effective Conduct of Operations program. The complexity and array of activities performed in DOE facilities dictate the necessity for a high standard of professional conduct and sound operating practices to promote safe and efficient operations. Recently, guidance pertaining to this element has been strengthened for nuclear power reactors. This additional guidance is given in Appendix C for information purposes. Though this guidance and good practices pertain to nuclear power reactors, DOE sites may choose to use a graded approach for implementing these in nuclear facilities.

NONE

1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Installation of the MAXIMUM microscope at the ALS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The MAXIMUM scanning x-ray microscope, developed at the Synchrotron Radiation Center (SRC) at the University of Wisconsin, Madison was implemented on the Advanced Light Source in August of 1995. The microscope`s initial operation at SRC successfully demonstrated the use of multilayer coated Schwarzschild objective for focusing 130 eV x-rays to a spot size of better than 0.1 micron with an electron energy resolution of 250meV. The performance of the microscope was severely limited, because of the relatively low brightness of SRC, which limits the available flux at the focus of the microscope. The high brightness of the ALS is expected to increase the usable flux at the sample by a factor of 1,000. The authors will report on the installation of the microscope on bending magnet beamline 6.3.2 at the ALS and the initial measurement of optical performance on the new source, and preliminary experiments with surface chemistry of HF etched Si will be described.

Ng, W.; Perera, R.C.C.; Underwood, J.H. [Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States); Singh, S.; Solak, H.; Cerrina, F. [Univ. of Wisconsin, Stoughton, WI (United States). Center for X-ray Lithography

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

LANDFILL OPERATION FOR CARBON SEQUESTRATION AND MAXIMUM METHANE EMISSION CONTROL  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The work described in this report, to demonstrate and advance this technology, has used two demonstration-scale cells of size (8000 metric tons [tonnes]), sufficient to replicate many heat and compaction characteristics of larger ''full-scale'' landfills. An enhanced demonstration cell has received moisture supplementation to field capacity. This is the maximum moisture waste can hold while still limiting liquid drainage rate to minimal and safely manageable levels. The enhanced landfill module was compared to a parallel control landfill module receiving no moisture additions. Gas recovery has continued for a period of over 4 years. It is quite encouraging that the enhanced cell methane recovery has been close to 10-fold that experienced with conventional landfills. This is the highest methane recovery rate per unit waste, and thus progress toward stabilization, documented anywhere for such a large waste mass. This high recovery rate is attributed to moisture, and elevated temperature attained inexpensively during startup. Economic analyses performed under Phase I of this NETL contract indicate ''greenhouse cost effectiveness'' to be excellent. Other benefits include substantial waste volume loss (over 30%) which translates to extended landfill life. Other environmental benefits include rapidly improved quality and stabilization (lowered pollutant levels) in liquid leachate which drains from the waste.

Don Augenstein

2001-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Guide to good practices for shift routines and operating practices  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This Guide to Good Practices is written to enhance understanding of, and provide direction for, Shift Routines and Operating Practices, Chapter H of Department of Energy (DOE) Order 5480.19, Conduct of Operations Requirements for DOE Facilities.'' The practices in this guide should be considered when planning or reviewing shift routines and operating practices. Contractors are advised to adopt procedures that meet the intent of DOE Order 5480.19. Shift Routines and Operating Practices'' is an element of an effective Conduct of Operations program. The complexity and array of activities performed in DOE facilities dictate the necessity for a high standard of professional conduct and sound operating practices to promote safe and efficient operations.

Not Available

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Guide to good practices for shift routines and operating practices  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This Guide to Good Practices is written to enhance understanding of, and provide direction for, Shift Routines and Operating Practices, Chapter H of Department of Energy (DOE) Order 5480.19, ``Conduct of Operations Requirements for DOE Facilities.`` The practices in this guide should be considered when planning or reviewing shift routines and operating practices. Contractors are advised to adopt procedures that meet the intent of DOE Order 5480.19. ``Shift Routines and Operating Practices`` is an element of an effective Conduct of Operations program. The complexity and array of activities performed in DOE facilities dictate the necessity for a high standard of professional conduct and sound operating practices to promote safe and efficient operations.

Not Available

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

The Effects of Certain Precision Practices on the Efficiency of Cotton Production.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the practices and equip- ment have evolved from those employed when animals were used as the chief source of power. Land prepa- ration, planting and cultivation procedures and equipment are basically the same. Much of the human energy and all of the animal... cultural operations depend on the success of the planting operation and surface profiles. Most common to all crops is mechanical cultivation. Other practices include application of herbicide, flame, fertilizers and insecticides. For maximum effective...

Wilkes, Lambert H.; Hobgood, Price.

1968-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

LANDFILL OPERATION FOR CARBON SEQUESTRATION AND MAXIMUM METHANE EMISSION CONTROL  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

''Conventional'' waste landfills emit methane, a potent greenhouse gas, in quantities such that landfill methane is a major factor in global climate change. Controlled landfilling is a novel approach to manage landfills for rapid completion of total gas generation, maximizing gas capture and minimizing emissions of methane to the atmosphere. With controlled landfilling, methane generation is accelerated and brought to much earlier completion by improving conditions for biological processes (principally moisture levels) in the landfill. Gas recovery efficiency approaches 100% through use of surface membrane cover over porous gas recovery layers operated at slight vacuum. A field demonstration project's results at the Yolo County Central Landfill near Davis, California are, to date, highly encouraging. Two major controlled landfilling benefits would be the reduction of landfill methane emissions to minuscule levels, and the recovery of greater amounts of landfill methane energy in much shorter times than with conventional landfill practice. With the large amount of US landfill methane generated, and greenhouse potency of methane, better landfill methane control can play a substantial role in reduction of US greenhouse gas emissions.

Don Augenstein

1999-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

153

MNRAS 429, 534555 (2013) doi:10.1093/mnras/sts353 The ATLAS3D Project XIV. The extent and kinematics of the molecular  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MNRAS 429, 534­555 (2013) doi:10.1093/mnras/sts353 The ATLAS3D Project ­ XIV. The extent, D-85478 Garching, Germany 12Space Telescope European Coordinating Facility, European Southern and contrast the extent, surface brightness profiles and kinematics of the molecular gas in CO-rich ATLAS3D

Kuntschner, Harald

154

Practical Eco | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Eco Eco Jump to: navigation, search Name Practical Eco Place Chapel Hill, North Carolina Zip 27517 Sector Services Product Practical Eco sells products and services for sustainable building in the Southeastern United States. References Practical Eco[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Practical Eco is a company located in Chapel Hill, North Carolina . References ↑ "Practical Eco" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Practical_Eco&oldid=349918" Categories: Clean Energy Organizations Companies Organizations Stubs What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link Browse properties 429 Throttled (bot load)

155

M303 Practice Test for Exam 2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Practice Test for Exam 2. Name . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ID number .

2014-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

156

Matlab Tutorial Practice by examples  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Matlab Tutorial Practice by examples #12;i Summary 1. Introduction....................................................................................................................1 2. Introduction to Vectors in Matlab..............................................................................................5 3. Introduction to Matrices in Matlab

Dellandréa, Emmanuel

157

Matlab Tutorial Practice by examples  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Matlab Tutorial Practice by examples i Summary 1. Introduction ................................................................ .............................1 2. Introduction to Vectors in Matlab................................................................ ...........5 3. Introduction to Matrices in Matlab

Dellandréa, Emmanuel

158

A Handbook of Practical Telegraphy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... pattern to the world, and it possesses on its staff some of the most practical electricians of the day. Messrs. Preece, Lumsden, Marson, Garey, and Kempe are well ...

1878-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

159

Industrial Facility Best Practice Scorecard  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

BP Scorecard 20120620 ( 2012Georgia Tech Research Corporation) Superior Energy Performance CM Industrial Facility Best Practice Scorecard Rev. 9 5 December 2012 Replaces rev. 8...

160

SILVERT, WILLIAM. Practical curve fitting  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Mar 16, 1978 ... toplankton manual. Monogr. Ocean ... practical handbook of seawater analysis. Bull. Fish. Res. ..... does occur the confidence ranges for the.

2000-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "maximum extent practical" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Probable maximum point rainfall estimation for the southern half of the Indian peninsula  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Preparation of a generalized chart of probable maximum precipitation (PMP) for the southern half of the Indian peninsula lying between lat. 8N to 16N has been attempted in this study. Maximum 1-day rainfall ...

O N Dhar; A K Kulkarni; P R Rakhecha

1981-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Method of Determining the Extent to which a Nickel Structure has been Attached by a Fluorine-Containing Gas  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The method of determining the extent to which a nickel structure has been attacked by a halogen containing gas to which it has been exposed which comprises preparing a quantity of water substantially free from dissolved oxygen, passing ammonia gas through a cuprammonium solution to produce ammonia substantially free from oxygen, dissolving said oxygen-free ammonia in said water to produce a saturated aqueous ammonia solution free from uncombined oxygen, treating at least a portion of said nickel structure of predetermined weight with said solution to dissolve nickel compounds from the surface of said structure without dissolving an appreciable amount of said nickel and analyzing the resulting solution to determine the quantity of said nickel compounds that was associated with said said portion of said structure to determine the proportion of combined nickel in said nickel structure.

Brusie, James P.

2004-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

163

Graduate Certificate in Clinical Practice  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Systems: A Health Services Management Program? The Master of Science in Health Systems Program is a 30 between theoretical and practical approaches to the financial management of the health care institutionsChoiCes... Online Graduate Certificate in Clinical Practice Management Positioning Clinical

Garfunkel, Eric

164

Switching characteristics and maximum repetitive frequency of InGaAsP/InP bistable injection lasers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Switching characteristics of nonuniformly pumped InGaAsP/InP BH Structure bistable lasers are investigated both experimentally and theoretically. First observation of automatic turn-on phenomenon was made, which is found to be a random process. For repetitive operation, turn-on delay time and necessary duration of switch-off pulse practically limited the maximum repetitive frequency. For ''switch-on,'' triggering the saturable absorption region is more effective. For reducing the minimum switch-off pulse width, either higher doping or reverse biasing at the absorption region is recommended. Tradeoff relation of OFF pulse width with threshold current and stable operation are discussed. With some improvements in device parameters, bistable operation at repetitive frequency over 1 GHz is expected.

Liu, H.F.; Hashimoto, Y.; Kamiya, T.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

An examination of the extent and endurance of a technology-based staff development program on the epistemological, ontological, and methodological beliefs of high school chemistry teachers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The purpose of this qualitative, narrative study was to examine the extent and endurance of influence a technology-based professional development program had on the epistemological, ontological, and methodological beliefs of selected high school...

Harper, Deena San

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

166

Variations in the age of Arctic sea-ice and summer sea-ice extent Ignatius G. Rigor1,2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. On time scales of days to weeks, wind stresses from storms produce ridges of sea-ice and areas of openVariations in the age of Arctic sea-ice and summer sea-ice extent Ignatius G. Rigor1,2 and John M] Three of the past six summers have exhibited record low sea-ice extent on the Arctic Ocean. These minima

Rigor, Ignatius G.

167

Performance Assessment Community of Practice  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

L L l W t C t B d High-Level Waste Corporate Board Performance Assessment Community of Practice Community of Practice John E. Marra, Ph.D. Associate Laboratory Director Associate Laboratory Director 5 March 2009 DOE EM HLW Corporate Board Meeting Phoenix, Arizona DOE-EM HLW Corporate Board Meeting Performance Assessment Process Community of Practice Background EM Senior Management would like to have g improved consistency in the execution of the Performance Assessment* process; Originally formed a sub-committee to draft a guidance document for practitioners; Th b itt b li C it f The sub-committee now believes a Community of Practice having broader scope should replace it; Draft Charter in review and presented for Draft Charter in review and presented for discussion. * Performance Assessment (PA) is used broadly to encompass assessments for LLW

168

Best Practices | Data.gov  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Best Practices Best Practices Ocean Data Tools Technical Guide Map Gallery Regional Planning Feedback Ocean You are here Data.gov » Communities » Ocean Best Practices Collection of resources on best practices and recommendations for marine planning data interoperability Metadata Standards Common Mapping Standards Spatial Data Standards Marine Metadata Interoperability Data Quality Guidelines and Policies Portal Development Lessons Learned Metadata standards Metadata Standards - Recommended Metadata, data which describes an information resource, is critical for the use and discovery of the datasets which are retrievable by Ocean.data.gov. Within information management communities, a distinction is often made between place-based geospatial data and non-geospatial data. Likewise, a similar distinction holds for "structured" versus

169

Best Practices, Findings and Recommendations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

There has been a tremendous amount of excellent analysis and insight into the best practices that state and local governments should follow to balance the publics dual interests in privacy and open access. Fr...

Alan Charles Raul

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Advanced Policy Practice Spring 2014  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Advanced Policy Practice Spring 2014 SW 548-001 Instructor course that focuses on the theory and evidence-based skill sets of policy analysis, development, implementation, and change. The course focuses on policy

Grissino-Mayer, Henri D.

171

Knowledge Practices Laboratory Integrated Project  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 27490 KP-LAB Knowledge Practices Laboratory Integrated Project Information Society Technologies D documentation: http://www.kp-lab.org/intranet/work- packages/wp5/result/deliverable-5.3 hal-00593214,version1

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

172

Knowledge Practices Laboratory Integrated Project  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 27490 KP-LAB Knowledge Practices Laboratory Integrated Project Information Society Technologies D (METROPOLIA), Marina Scapola (DIBE) Review documentation: http://www.kp-lab.org/intranet/work-packages/wp5

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

173

Code of Practice Research Degrees  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

........................................................................ 15 Section Ten: FacilitiesCode of Practice For Research Degrees 2014/15 #12;2 Contents Section One: Preface ­ the purpose of the Code........................................................ 3 Section Two: Context

Evans, Paul

174

Data Contribution Best Practices Guide  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Data Contribution Best Practices Guide Step 1. Decide Which Data to Contribute. If you already have data, the LBNL team strives to make it as easy as possible to contribute it....

175

Work Practices for Chemical Fumehoods  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Practices for Chemical Fumehoods Practices for Chemical Fumehoods (Reviewed May 16, 2011) Always use a chemical fumehood when working with toxic and/or volatile chemicals, not on an open bench. Chemical fumehoods are designed to provide protection for the user from chemical and radiological contaminants. However, they do not absolutely eliminate exposure, even under ideal conditions. Careless work practices can result in considerable exposure to users who may believe they are protected. To optimize the performance of the chemical hood, adhere to the following work practices: 1. Ensure that your chemical hood has a current inspection sticker (dated within the last year). The face velocity should be between 80 and 120 linear feet per minute (lfpm). 2. Verify that the chemical hood is drawing air.

176

Predicting the spatial extent of injection-induced zones of enhanced permeability at the Northwest Geysers EGS Demonstration Project  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present the results of coupled thermal, hydraulic, and mechanical (THM) modeling of a proposed stimulation injection associated with an Enhanced Geothermal System (EGS) demonstration project at the northwest part of The Geysers geothermal field, California. The project aims at creating an EGS by directly and systematically injecting cool water at relatively low pressure into a known High Temperature (about 280 to 350 C) Zone (HTZ) located under the conventional (240 C) steam reservoir at depths below 3 km. Accurate micro-earthquake monitoring from the start of the injection will be used as a tool for tracking the development of the EGS. We first analyzed historic injection and micro-earthquake data from an injection well (Aidlin 11), located about 3 miles to the west of the new EGS demonstration area. Thereafter, we used the same modeling approach to predict the likely extent of the zone of enhanced permeability for a proposed initial injection in two wells (Prati State 31 and Prati 32) at the new EGS demonstration area. Our modeling indicates that the proposed injection scheme will provide additional steam production in the area by creating a zone of permeability enhancement extending about 0.5 km from each injection well which will connect to the overlying conventional steam reservoir.

Rutqvist, J.; Oldenburg, C.M.; Dobson, P.F.

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Thoracic target volume delineation using various maximum-intensity projection computed tomography image sets for radiotherapy treatment planning  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: Four-dimensional computed tomography (4D-CT) is commonly used to account for respiratory motion of target volumes in radiotherapy to the thorax. From the 4D-CT acquisition, a maximum-intensity projection (MIP) image set can be created and used to help define the tumor motion envelope or the internal gross tumor volume (iGTV). The purpose of this study was to quantify the differences in automatically contoured target volumes for usage in the delivery of stereotactic body radiation therapy using MIP data sets generated from one of the four methods: (1) 4D-CT phase-binned (PB) based on retrospective phase calculations, (2) 4D-CT phase-corrected phase-binned (PC-PB) based on motion extrema, (3) 4D-CT amplitude-binned (AB), and (4) cine CT built from all available images. Methods: MIP image data sets using each of the four methods were generated for a cohort of 28 patients who had prior thoracic 4D-CT scans that exhibited lung tumor motion of at least 1 cm. Each MIP image set was automatically contoured on commercial radiation treatment planning system. Margins were added to the iGTV to observe differences in the final simulated planning target volumes (PTVs). Results: For all patients, the iGTV measured on the MIP generated from the entire cine CT data set (iGTV{sub cine}) was the largest. Expressed as a percentage of iGTV{sub cine}, 4D-CT iGTV (all sorting methods) ranged from 83.8% to 99.1%, representing differences in the absolute volume ranging from 0.02 to 4.20 cm{sup 3}; the largest average and range of 4D-CT iGTV measurements was from the PC-PB data set. Expressed as a percentage of PTV{sub cine} (expansions applied to iGTV{sub cine}), the 4D-CT PTV ranged from 87.6% to 99.6%, representing differences in the absolute volume ranging from 0.08 to 7.42 cm{sup 3}. Regions of the measured respiratory waveform corresponding to a rapid change of phase or amplitude showed an increased susceptibility to the selection of identical images for adjacent bins. Duplicate image selection was most common in the AB implementation, followed by the PC-PB method. The authors also found that the image associated with the minimum amplitude measurement did not always correlate with the image that showed maximum tumor motion extent. Conclusions: The authors identified cases in which the MIP generated from a 4D-CT sorting process under-represented the iGTV by more than 10% or up to 4.2 cm{sup 3} when compared to the iGTV{sub cine}. They suggest utilization of a MIP generated from the full cine CT data set to ensure maximum inclusive tumor extent.

Zamora, David A.; Riegel, Adam C.; Sun Xiaojun; Balter, Peter; Starkschall, George; Mawlawi, Osama; Pan Tinsu [Department of Imaging Physics, University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas 77030 (United States); Department of Radiation Physics, University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas 77030 (United States); Department of Imaging Physics, University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas 77030 (United States)

2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

178

Integrating agile practices into critical software development  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Integrating agile practices into critical software development Katarzyna Lukasiewicz, Janusz Górski. In this text we describe our research towards introducing agile practices into critical software development processes Keywords-- safety-critical software; agile practices; software development; process improvement

Boyer, Edmond

179

Residential Energy Efficiency Customer Service Best Practices...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Residential Energy Efficiency Customer Service Best Practices Peer Exchange Call Residential Energy Efficiency Customer Service Best Practices Peer Exchange Call January 22, 2015...

180

Geothermal Exploration Best Practices Webinar Presentation Now...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Exploration Best Practices Webinar Presentation Now Available Geothermal Exploration Best Practices Webinar Presentation Now Available April 12, 2012 - 3:08pm Addthis Presentation...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "maximum extent practical" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Supervisor Community of Practice | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Practice August 18, 2014 - 4:08pm Addthis Supervisor Community of Practice The Office of Learning and Workforce Development conducted their first Supervisors' Community of...

182

best practices | National Nuclear Security Administration  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Blog Home best practices best practices Savannah River Site hosts regional Lean Alliance event Companies from around the Central Savannah River Area had the opportunity to...

183

An Improved Maximum Likelihood Formulation for Accurate Genome Assembly Aditya Varma, Abhiram Ranade and Srinivas Aluru  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An Improved Maximum Likelihood Formulation for Accurate Genome Assembly Aditya Varma, Abhiram maximum likelihood method for genome assembly. We formulate the problem as one of direct convex estimate of the length of the genome or the need to use further expectation minimization to predict

Ranade, Abhiram G.

184

A 6/5-approximation algorithm for the maximum 3-cover problem  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the maximum cover problem, we are given a collection of sets over a ground set of elements and a positive integer w, and we are asked to compute a collection of at most w sets whose union contains the maximum ...

Ioannis Caragiannis; Gianpiero Monaco

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

A Basic Thermodynamic Derivation of the Maximum Overburden Pressure Generated in Frost Heave  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

can derive the maximum overburden pressure. A similar argument can also produce the maximum Heave Engine Frost heave is a common environmental process in which the freezing of water into ice can produce forces large enough to seriously damage roads and bridges [1]. Contrary to common belief, frost

Libbrecht, Kenneth G.

186

LANGMUIR WAVE ACTIVITY: COMPARING THE ULYSSES SOLAR MINIMUM AND SOLAR MAXIMUM ORBITS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

). The top three panels correspond to the southern segment of the solar minimum orbit; repeated passesLANGMUIR WAVE ACTIVITY: COMPARING THE ULYSSES SOLAR MINIMUM AND SOLAR MAXIMUM ORBITS R. J at the electron plasma frequency) during the solar minimum and solar maximum orbits of Ulysses. At high latitudes

California at Berkeley, University of

187

Comparison of VLF Wave Activity in the Solar Wind During Solar Maximum and Minimum  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

second fast latitude scan (near the solar maximum) with the wave observations during the first fast Experiments (URAP) of Ulysses during its first orbit, which occurred when the solar activity was approachingComparison of VLF Wave Activity in the Solar Wind During Solar Maximum and Minimum: Ulysses

California at Berkeley, University of

188

On the duration of the Paleocene-Eocene thermal maximum Ursula Rohl and Thomas Westerhold  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

On the duration of the Paleocene-Eocene thermal maximum (PETM) Ursula Ro¨hl and Thomas Westerhold of California, Santa Cruz, California 95064, USA [1] The Paleocene-Eocene thermal maximum (PETM) is one of global warming and a massive perturbation of the global carbon cycle from injection of isotopically light

Zachos, James

189

Vegetation and Fire at the Last Glacial Maximum in Tropical South America  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Chapter 4 Vegetation and Fire at the Last Glacial Maximum in Tropical South America Francis E temperatures. Keywords Charcoal · Last Glacial Maximum · pollen · Quaternary · tropical South America F-mail: Francis.Mayle@ed.ac.uk 89F. Vimeux et al. (eds.), Past Climate Variability in South America

Binford, Michael W.

190

Low-energy particle response to CMEs during the Ulysses solar maximum northern polar passage  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Low-energy particle response to CMEs during the Ulysses solar maximum northern polar passage D. Reisenfeld, and T. R. Sanderson (2004), Low-energy particle response to CMEs during the Ulysses solar maximum, New Mexico, USA T. R. Sanderson Research and Scientific Support Department of European Space Agency

Sanahuja, Blai

191

Use of Two Distillation Columns in Systems with Maximum Temperature Limitations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Use of Two Distillation Columns in Systems with Maximum Temperature Limitations Rebecca H. Masel, Pennsylvania 18015, United States ABSTRACT: Maximum temperature limitations are encountered in distillation of the bottoms product fixes the column base pressure and, hence, the condenser pressure. The distillate

Gilchrist, James F.

192

An Optimal Randomized Algorithm for Maximum Tukey Depth Timothy M. Chan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An Optimal Randomized Algorithm for Maximum Tukey Depth Timothy M. Chan Abstract We present the first optimal algorithm to compute the maximum Tukey depth (also known as location or halfspace depth , the Tukey depth of a point q IRd is defined as: min{|P | : over all halfspaces containing q}. We

Chan, Timothy M.

193

High order maximum principle preserving semi-Lagrangian finite difference WENO schemes for the Vlasov equation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, we propose the parametrized maximum principle preserving (MPP) flux limiter, originally developed in [37], to the semi-Lagrangian finite difference weighted essentially non-oscillatory scheme for solving the Vlasov equation. The MPP flux ... Keywords: Finite difference WENO scheme, Maximum principle preserving, Parametrized flux limiter, Semi-Lagrangian method, Vlasov equation

Tao Xiong, Jing-Mei Qiu, Zhengfu Xu, Andrew Christlieb

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Beating the maximum cooling limit with graded thermoelectric materials Zhixi Bian and Ali Shakouria  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.1063/1.2396895 The maximum cooling temperature is one of the perfor- mance parameters for a thermoelectric module. ExcludingBeating the maximum cooling limit with graded thermoelectric materials Zhixi Bian and Ali Shakouria cooling of a single element thermoelectric material cannot be improved by changing its geometry.3

195

Frequency Moments Inverse Problem and Maximum (Shannon vs. R enyi-Tsallis) Entropy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) maximization of Shannon's entropy (MaxEnt), b) maximization of R#19;enyi-Tsallis entropy (maxTent). ConcerningEnt 4 1.2 Aims 5 2 Frequency moment constraints 5 2.1 Characteristics of MaxEnt choice 6 2.2 Maximum RFrequency Moments Inverse Problem and Maximum (Shannon vs. R#19;enyi-Tsallis) Entropy #3; A case

196

Concurrent engineering: concept and practice  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Just as quality was the key factor in the 1980's, speed to market through integrated product development is seen as the key to success in the 1990's. The concept of concurrent engineering (CE) has been developed as a practical way in which the new criterion may be met. This article looks at CE in concept and practice, starting with the new product criteria and the CE response. It then goes on to describe the component parts of CE, comprising the Purpose, Process, Technology and Human aspects. The advantages of CE are reviewed together with the key themes. Methods of establishing CE within a company are also discussed. Finally, the implications for the practicing engineer are reviewed.

I. Barclay; J. Poolton

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Situated Practices of Looking: Visual Practice in an Online World  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

environments, situated practice ACM Classification Keywords H5.m. Information interfaces and presentation (e.g., HCI): Group and Organization Interfaces: Theory; H5.m. Information interfaces and presentation (e.g., HCI): User Interfaces: Graphical User Interfaces; H5.m. Information interfaces and presentation (e

Dourish,Paul

198

Operations & Maintenance Best Practices Guide: Chapter 3  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Guide describes chapter 3 of the Operations & Maintenance Best Practices: A Guide to Achieving Operational Efficiency.

199

Practical Action | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Action Action Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Practical Action Name Practical Action Address The Schumacher Centre for Technology & Development, Bourton on Dunsmore, Rugby, Warwickshire Place Rugby, Warwickshire Zip CV21 1UB Phone number 01926 634400 Notes Practical Action works alongside communities to find practical solutions to the poverty they face. Website http://www.practicalaction.org Coordinates 52.3910875°, -1.2339112° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":52.3910875,"lon":-1.2339112,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

200

Project Juno Code of Practice  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Project Juno Code of Practice Institute of Physics Advancing women's careers in physics higher: Appointment, promotion and selection processes and procedures that encourage men and women to apply for academic posts at all levels. 2.1 Transparent processes and procedures 2.1.1 Ensure that selection criteria

Davies, Christopher

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "maximum extent practical" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

PHPUnit in Practice Scott Grant  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PHPUnit in Practice Scott Grant #12;What is Systematic Testing? · Systematic Testing · An explicit discipline or procedure (a system) for: · choosing and creating test cases · executing the tests testing) #12;PHPUnit · A programmer-oriented testing framework for PHP · Provides a framework for creating

Cordy, James R.

202

Knowledge Practices Laboratory Integrated Project  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

27490 KP-LAB Knowledge Practices Laboratory Integrated Project Information Society Technologies D6. Map-It. The installer program for Map-It v2.0.0 is available at: http://www.kp-lab.org/intranet-lab.org/intranet/testable-tools/kp-lab-tools/map-it/getting-started-with-map-it 3. Change Laboratory

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

203

Texas Poultry Pest Control Practices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and house flies caused the most economic damage to poultry operations. However, in 1996 only 5 percent of respon- Texas Poultry Pest-Control Practices Kent D. Hall, Rodney L. Holloway, John B. Carey and Clifford E. Hoelscher* F dents named house flies...

Hall, Kent D.; Holloway, Rodney L.; Carey, John B.; Hoelscher, Clifford E.

1999-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Radioactive Material Transportation Practices Manual  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

This Manual establishes standard transportation practices for the Department of Energy, including National Nuclear Security Administration to use in planning and executing offsite shipments of radioactive materials and waste. The revision reflects ongoing collaboration of DOE and outside organizations on the transportation of radioactive material and waste. Cancels DOE M 460.2-1.

2008-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

205

Distributed Simulation and Simulation Practice  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The possibilities of distributed simulation have been discussed for well over a decade, yet there is only limited evidence of its implementation, particularly within industry. The reasons for this are discussed by identifying the potential applications ... Keywords: Distributed simulation, complexity, innovation, simulation practice

Stewart Robinson

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Practical Solar Thermal Chilled Water  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the potential to impact America's use of non-renewable energy beyond its own design capacity by applying it to the optimization of an existing building's system. Solar-thermal chilling systems are not new. However, few of them can be described as a practical...

Leavell, B.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

"Table A52. Nonswitchable Minimum Requirements and Maximum Consumption"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2. Nonswitchable Minimum Requirements and Maximum Consumption" 2. Nonswitchable Minimum Requirements and Maximum Consumption" " Potential by Census Region, 1991" " (Estimates in Physical Units)" ,,,,"RSE" ,"Actual","Minimum","Maximum","Row" "Type of Energy","Consumption","Consumption(a)","Consumption(b)","Factors" "RSE Column Factors:",1,1.2,0.8 ," Total United States" ,"-","-","-" "Electricity Receipts(c) (million kilowatthours)",718480,701478,766887,2 "Natural Gas (billion cubic feet)",5345,3485,5887,2 "Distillate Fuel Oil (thousand barrels)",23885,19113,201081,3.7 "Residual Fuel Oil (thousand barrels)",65837,36488,201921,2.6

208

Matching of photovolatic motor-pump systems for maximum efficiency operation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A PV array is a nonlinear d.c. source and its operation has to be carefully matched to that of its equivalent electrical load in order to extract the maximum available energy. Two PV pumping schemes are investigated to get the maximum gross mechanical power. The system based on the separately-excited d.c. motor is matched through the control of the motor excitation, while for the system based on the induction motor, the voltage source inverter frequency is controlled by maximum mechanical power operation.

Aziza M. Zaki; Mona N. Eskander

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Maximum one-day point rainfall estimation for North Indian plains using district average rainfall ratios  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A quick and simple procedure has been developed for evaluating maximum point rainfall for different return periods for any ... to different return periods. The estimates of point rainfall obtained by this procedu...

O. N. Dhar; A. K. Kulkarni; P. R. Rakhecha

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Delay Analysis of Maximum Weight Scheduling in Wireless Ad Hoc Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper studies delay properties of the well-known maximum weight scheduling algorithm in wireless ad hoc networks. We consider wireless networks with either one-hop or multihop flows. Specifically, this paper shows ...

Modiano, Eytan H.

211

E-Print Network 3.0 - analog fixed maximum Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

SUBGROUPS OF A FREE GROUP Summary: , by the Bestvina-Handel Theorem, and if H has rank exactly n, then H is said to be a maximum-rank 1-auto-fixed... subgroup of F, and...

212

Delineation of the Indo-Malayan Centre of Maximum Marine Biodiversity: The Coral Triangle  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The ranges of many tropical marine species overlap in a centre of maximum marine biodiversity, which is located in the Indo-Malayan ... efforts involve the establishment of a network of Marine Protected Areas (MP...

Bert W. Hoeksema

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Achieving Consistent Maximum Brake Torque with Varied Injection Timing in a DI Diesel Engine  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, the characteristics of combustion for swept injection timings along the maximum brake torque plateau are determined. The research is conducted by varying injection timing at constant engine speed and load while measuring engine emissions and in-cylinder pressure...

Kroeger, Timothy H

2013-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

214

Wind Mixing and Restratification in a Lake near the Temperature of Maximum Density  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The cooling of a freshwater take provides an opportunity for studying wind mixing and restratification under the peculiar conditions associated with a density maximum. The concepts are explored using a mixing-layer model that incorporates both ...

David M. Farmer; Eddy Carmack

1981-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Investment Options TFLIC Guaranteed Pooled Fund seeks to provide maximum yield  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Investment Options TFLIC Guaranteed Pooled Fund seeks to provide maximum yield consistent Financial Life Insurance Company (TFLIC) that invests in a diverse pool of high quality fixed: Galliard Capital Management Transamerica Partners Core Bond invests primarily in investment grade debt

Meyers, Steven D.

216

Tropical climate variability from the last glacial maximum to the present  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis evaluates the nature and magnitude of tropical climate variability from the Last Glacial Maximum to the present. The temporal variability of two specific tropical climate phenomena is examined. The first is the ...

Dahl, Kristina Ariel

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Atlantic Ocean circulation at the last glacial maximum : inferences from data and models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis focuses on ocean circulation and atmospheric forcing in the Atlantic Ocean at the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM, 18-21 thousand years before present). Relative to the pre-industrial climate, LGM atmospheric CO? ...

Dail, Holly Janine

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Variable-Speed Wind Generator System with Maximum Output Power Control  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

To achieve maximum output power from wind generator systems, the rotational speed of wind generators should be adjusted in real time according to natural wind speed. This chapter pays attention to an optimum rota...

Yoko Amano

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Best Practices for Continuing Training  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

DOE-HDBK-1118-99 Reaffirmed January 2014 Superseding DOE-STD-1060-93 February 1993 DOE HANDBOOK BEST PRACTICES FOR CONTINUING TRAINING U.S. Department of Energy AREA TRNG Washington, D.C. 20585 NOT MEASUREMENT SENSITIVE This document has been reproduced from the best available copy. Available to DOE and DOE contractors from ES&H Technical Information Services, U.S. Department of Energy, (800) 473-4375, fax: (301) 903-9823. Available to the public from the U.S. Department of Commerce, Technology Administration, National Technical Information Service, Springfield, VA 22161; (703) 605-6000. DOE HDBK-1118-99 Errata January 2014 Table of Changes Page/Section Change Page 0 Best Practices for Continuing Training Page i/Section 2

220

Development Practice in HVAC Controls  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Development Practice in HVAC Controls Development Practice in HVAC Controls Speaker(s): John Zhou Date: April 11, 2011 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Philip Haves The presentation will introduce development tools and design considerations used in HVAC controls development. Controls development use simulation, lab testing and field trial at different phases of the project cycle to improve control performance and to achieve rapid development. Development starts with simulation to originate and define algorithm concept. The concept is then implemented in a prototype controller, and tested in lab environment. The concept is refined and verified by analyzing lab results. In the final phase of development, controllers with refined and verified algorithms are installed in field trial sites to ensure system integration and to confirm

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "maximum extent practical" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Heterogeneity-corrected vs -uncorrected critical structure maximum point doses in breast balloon brachytherapy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recent studies have reported potentially clinically meaningful dose differences when heterogeneity correction is used in breast balloon brachytherapy. In this study, we report on the relationship between heterogeneity-corrected and -uncorrected doses for 2 commonly used plan evaluation metrics: maximum point dose to skin surface and maximum point dose to ribs. Maximum point doses to skin surface and ribs were calculated using TG-43 and Varian Acuros for 20 patients treated with breast balloon brachytherapy. The results were plotted against each other and fit with a zero-intercept line. Max skin dose (Acuros) = max skin dose (TG-43) ? 0.930 (R{sup 2} = 0.995). The average magnitude of difference from this relationship was 1.1% (max 2.8%). Max rib dose (Acuros) = max rib dose (TG-43) ? 0.955 (R{sup 2} = 0.9995). The average magnitude of difference from this relationship was 0.7% (max 1.6%). Heterogeneity-corrected maximum point doses to the skin surface and ribs were proportional to TG-43-calculated doses. The average deviation from proportionality was 1%. The proportional relationship suggests that a different metric other than maximum point dose may be needed to obtain a clinical advantage from heterogeneity correction. Alternatively, if maximum point dose continues to be used in recommended limits while incorporating heterogeneity correction, institutions without this capability may be able to accurately estimate these doses by use of a scaling factor.

Kim, Leonard, E-mail: kimlh@umdnj.edu [Department of Radiation Oncology, Cancer Institute of New Jersey, Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, New Brunswick, NJ (United States); Narra, Venkat; Yue, Ning [Department of Radiation Oncology, Cancer Institute of New Jersey, Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, New Brunswick, NJ (United States)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Energy Efficiency Best Practice Guide  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

capital and maintenance expenditure through the identification and elimination of oversized or redundant equipment. Unlike other disciplines, energy efficiency is usually not measured at the business unit level. The difficulty is that energy use... of the Energy Efficiency Best Practice Guide is to help business units meet and exceed their energy efficiency targets through continuous improvement using seven key criteria. The objectives are threefold: to provide an easy to use structure for measuring...

Rouse, S.

223

Sustainable TransportationSustainable Transportation Principles and PracticesPrinciples and Practices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sustainable TransportationSustainable Transportation Principles and Practices for sustainable practices in Transportation · Provide a context for including sustainable practices and shared commitment #12;WeWe''ll Look at Sustainability at Three Levelsll Look at Sustainability at Three

Kyte, Michael

224

RAPID/Help/Best Practices/Adding Best Practice Templates and...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

HelpBest PracticesAdding Best Practice Templates and Examples < RAPID Jump to: navigation, search RAPID Regulatory and Permitting Information Desktop Toolkit BETA RAPID Toolkit...

225

On the "viscosity maximum" during the uniaxial extension of a low density polyethylene  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An experimental investigation of the viscosity overshoot phenomenon observed during uniaxial extension of a low density polyethylene is pre- sented. For this purpose, traditional integral viscosity measurements on a Muenstedt type extensional rheometer are combined with local mea- surements based on the in-situ visualization of the sample under exten- sion. For elongational experiments at constant strain rates within a wide range of Weissenberg numbers (Wi), three distinct deformation regimes are identified. Corresponding to low values of Wi (regime I), the tensile stress displays a broad maximum. This maximum can be explained by simple mathematical arguments as a result of low deformation rates and it should not be confused with the viscosity overshoot phenomenon. Corre- sponding to intermediate values of Wi (regime II), a local maximum of the integral extensional viscosity is systematically observed. However, within this regime, the local viscosity measurements reveal no maximum, but a plateau. Careful inspection of the images of samples within this regime shows that, corresponding to the maximum of the integral viscosity, sec- ondary necks develop along the sample. The emergence of a maximum of the integral elongational viscosity is thus related to the distinct in- homogeneity of deformation states and is not related to the rheological properties of the material. In the fast stretching limit (high Wi, regime III), the overall geometric uniformity of the sample is well preserved, no secondary necks are observed and both the integral and the local transient elongational viscosity show no maximum. A detailed comparison of the experimental findings with results from literature is presented.

Teodor I. Burghelea; Zdenek Stary; Helmut Muenstedt

2010-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

226

Operations and Maintenance Best Practices Guide  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Federal Energy Management Program's Operations and Maintenance (O&M) Best Practices Guide outlines best practices to help Federal agencies implement effective O&M for systems and...

227

Integrated Biorefinery Lessons Learned and Best Practices  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Breakout Session 1DBuilding Market Confidence and Understanding I: Integrated Biorefinery (Lessons Learned and Best Practices) Integrated Biorefinery Lessons Learned and Best Practices Glenn Doyle, Technology Manager, Bioenergy Technologies Office, U.S. Department of Energy

228

Establishing and Maintaining Effective Energy Management Practices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SAIC has developed, and has delivered over the past 4 years, training and tools to industry for them to implement energy management practices. Practical Energy Management (PEM) has been delivered to over 1000 industry professionals, arming them...

Giffin, T. M.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Evidence Based Practice for Library Instruction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Literacy · Evidence Based Library & Information Practice · Journal of Education for Library & Information and expertise · interaction with colleagues · communities of practice ­ Conference papers & posters (grey lit

Oakleaf, Megan

230

GIDAP Best Management Practice | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Best Management Practice Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- OtherOther: GIDAP Best Management PracticeLegal Abstract Generator...

231

Operations & Maintenance Best Practices Guide: Chapter 9  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Guide describes chapter 9 of the Operations and Maintenance Best Practices: A Guide to Achieving Operational Efficiency.

232

Operations & Maintenance Best Practices Guide: Front Matter  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Guide describes the front matter of the Operations and Maintenance Best Practices: a Guide to Achieving Operational Efficiency.

233

Operations & Maintenance Best Practices Guide: Appendix c  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Guide describes Appendix C of the Operations and Maintenance Best Practices: A Guide to Achieving Operational Efficiency.

234

Operations & Maintenance Best Practices Guide: Chapter 7  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Guide describes chapter 7 of the Operations and Maintenance Best Practices: A Guide to Achieving Operational Efficiency.

235

Operations & Maintenance Best Practices Guide: Chapter 5  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Guide describes chapter 5 of the Operations and Maintenance Best Practices: A Guide to Achieving Operational Efficiency.

236

Energy Disclosure and Leasing Standards: Best Practices  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This presentation, given through the DOE's Technical Assitance Program (TAP), provides information on Energy Disclosure and Leasing Standards: Best Practices.

237

Operations & Maintenance Best Practices Guide: Chapter 8  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Guide describes chapter 8 of the Operations and Maintenance Best Practices: A Guide to Achieving Operational Efficiency.

238

Operations & Maintenance Best Practices Guide: Chapter 10  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Guide describes chapter 10 of the Operations and Maintenance Best Practices: A Guide to Achieving Operational Efficiency.

239

Practical Issues when Selecting PV Technologies (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Presentation highlighting practical considerations for photovoltaic technologies and strategies for future reductions in cost and increases in efficiency.

Kurtz, S.

2010-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

240

Operations & Maintenance Best Practices Guide: Chapter 6  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Guide describes chapter 6 of the Operations and Maintenance Best Practices: A Guide to Achieving Operational Efficiency.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "maximum extent practical" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Operations & Maintenance Best Practices Guide: Appendix a  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Guide describes Appendix A of the Operations and Maintenance Best Practices: A Guide to Achieving Operational Efficiency.

242

"Enabling the Mission" A Practical Guide to  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

"Enabling the Mission" A Practical Guide to Federal Service Oriented Architecture Version 1.1 June Practical Guide to Federal Service Oriented Architecture The Federal CIO Council Architecture-SIG) Presents: A Practical Guide to Federal Service Oriented Architecture Version 1.1 - June 2008 June 30, 2008

243

Recycling Best Practices Report August 2011  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Recycling Best Practices Report August 2011 Elizabeth Fox, Recycling Best Practices Intern Office of Waste Reduction and Recycling University of Michigan Plant Building and Grounds Services #12;Recycling Best Practices Report Office of Waste Reduction and Recycling 1 Executive Summary Due to the high

Kirschner, Denise

244

Best practice techniques for environmental radiological monitoring  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Best practice techniques for environmental radiological monitoring Science Report ­ SC030308/SR SCHO0407BMNL-E-P #12;ii Science Report Best Practice Techniques for Environmental Radiological #12;iv Science Report Best Practice Techniques for Environmental Radiological Monitoring Executive

245

A review of maximum power point tracking algorithms for wind energy systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper reviews state of the art maximum power point tracking (MPPT) algorithms for wind energy systems. Due to the instantaneous changing nature of the wind, it is desirable to determine the one optimal generator speed that ensures maximum energy yield. Therefore, it is essential to include a controller that can track the maximum peak regardless of wind speed. The available MPPT algorithms can be classified as either with or without sensors, as well as according to the techniques used to locate the maximum peak. A comparison has been made between the performance of different MPPT algorithms on the basis of various speed responses and ability to achieve the maximum energy yield. Based on simulation results available in the literature, the optimal torque control (OTC) has been found to be the best MPPT method for wind energy systems due to its simplicity. On the other hand, the perturbation and observation (P&O) method is flexible and simple in implementation, but is less efficient and has difficulties determining the optimum step-size.

M.A. Abdullah; A.H.M. Yatim; C.W. Tan; R. Saidur

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

On the maximum value of the cosmic abundance of oxygen and the oxygen yield  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We search for the maximum oxygen abundance in spiral galaxies. Because this maximum value is expected to occur in the centers of the most luminous galaxies, we have constructed the luminosity - central metallicity diagram for spiral galaxies, based on a large compilation of existing data on oxygen abundances of HII regions in spiral galaxies. We found that this diagram shows a plateau at high luminosities (-22.3 oxygen abundance 12+log(O/H) ~ 8.87. This provides strong evidence that the oxygen abundance in the centers of the most luminous metal-rich galaxies reaches the maximum attainable value of oxygen abundance. Since some fraction of the oxygen (about 0.08 dex) is expected to be locked into dust grains, the maximum value of the true gas+dust oxygen abundance in spiral galaxies is 12+log(O/H) ~ 8.95. This value is a factor of ~ 2 higher than the recently estimated solar value. Based on the derived maximum oxygen abundance in galaxies, we found the oxygen yield to be about 0.0035, depending on the fraction of oxygen incorporated into dust grains.

L. S. Pilyugin; T. X. Thuan; J. M. Vilchez

2007-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

247

Entanglement cost in practical scenarios  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We quantify the one-shot entanglement cost of an arbitrary bipartite state, that is the minimum number of singlets needed by two distant parties to create a single copy of the state up to a finite accuracy, using local operations and classical communication only. This analysis, in contrast to the traditional one, pertains to scenarios of practical relevance, in which resources are finite and transformations can only be achieved approximately. Moreover, it unveils a fundamental relation between two well-known entanglement measures, namely, the Schmidt number and the entanglement of formation. Using this relation, we are able to recover the usual expression of the entanglement cost as a special case.

Francesco Buscemi; Nilanjana Datta

2009-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

248

Hydrogen Storage Materials and their Maximum Ability on Reversible Hydrogen Sorption  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Interaction of some intermetallic compounds with hydrogen is analyzed in the paper. The most ... in the practice compounds capable reversibly to absorb hydrogen at low temperature and pressure are recommended. Ma...

N. M. Vlasov; A. I. Solovey; I. I. Fedik

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Grid Logging: Best Practices Guide  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this document is to help developers of Grid middleware and application software generate log files that will be useful to Grid administrators, users, developers and Grid middleware itself. Currently, most of the currently generated log files are only useful to the author of the program. Good logging practices are instrumental to performance analysis, problem diagnosis, and security auditing tasks such as incident tracing and damage assessment. This document does not discuss the issue of a logging API. It is assumed that a standard log API such as syslog (C), log4j (Java), or logger (Python) is being used. Other custom logging API or even printf could be used. The key point is that the logs must contain the required information in the required format. At a high level of abstraction, the best practices for Grid logging are: (1) Consistently structured, typed, log events; (2) A standard high-resolution timestamp; (3) Use of logging levels and categories to separate logs by detail and purpose; (4) Consistent use of global and local identifiers; and (5) Use of some regular, newline-delimited ASCII text format. The rest of this document describes each of these recommendations in detail.

Tierney, Brian L; Tierney, Brian L; Gunter, Dan

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Estimating the maximum potential revenue for grid connected electricity storage : arbitrage and regulation.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The valuation of an electricity storage device is based on the expected future cash ow generated by the device. Two potential sources of income for an electricity storage system are energy arbitrage and participation in the frequency regulation market. Energy arbitrage refers to purchasing (stor- ing) energy when electricity prices are low, and selling (discharging) energy when electricity prices are high. Frequency regulation is an ancillary service geared towards maintaining system frequency, and is typically procured by the independent system operator in some type of market. This paper outlines the calculations required to estimate the maximum potential revenue from participating in these two activities. First, a mathematical model is presented for the state of charge as a function of the storage device parameters and the quantities of electricity purchased/sold as well as the quantities o ered into the regulation market. Using this mathematical model, we present a linear programming optimization approach to calculating the maximum potential revenue from an elec- tricity storage device. The calculation of the maximum potential revenue is critical in developing an upper bound on the value of storage, as a benchmark for evaluating potential trading strate- gies, and a tool for capital nance risk assessment. Then, we use historical California Independent System Operator (CAISO) data from 2010-2011 to evaluate the maximum potential revenue from the Tehachapi wind energy storage project, an American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA) energy storage demonstration project. We investigate the maximum potential revenue from two di erent scenarios: arbitrage only and arbitrage combined with the regulation market. Our analysis shows that participation in the regulation market produces four times the revenue compared to arbitrage in the CAISO market using 2010 and 2011 data. Then we evaluate several trading strategies to illustrate how they compare to the maximum potential revenue benchmark. We conclude with a sensitivity analysis with respect to key parameters.

Byrne, Raymond Harry; Silva Monroy, Cesar Augusto.

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Carbonization of Coal Evaluation of Effects of Rate of Heating and of Maximum Temperature on Pyrolysis of a Coking Coal  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Carbonization of Coal Evaluation of Effects of Rate of Heating and of Maximum Temperature on Pyrolysis of a Coking Coal ...

William B. Warren

1935-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Report 2: API Good Practice Good Practice for provision of and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Report 2: API Good Practice Good Practice for provision of and consuming APIs Document details Author: Marieke Guy Date: April 2009 Version: 0.2 (draft) Document Name: good_practice_api_ v0.2.doc by JISC. #12;JISC GOOD APIS REPORT 2 GOOD_PRACTICE_API_20090422.DOC APRIL 2009 Table of Contents 1

Rzepa, Henry S.

253

On the Vertical Decay Rate of the Maximum Tangential Winds in Tropical Cyclones DANIEL P. STERN* AND DAVID S. NOLAN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

On the Vertical Decay Rate of the Maximum Tangential Winds in Tropical Cyclones DANIEL P. STERN independent of both the maximum wind speed and the radius of maximum winds (RMW). This can be seen winds change with height. Above 2-km height, vertical profiles of Vmaxnorm are nearly independent

Nolan, David S.

254

Building Energy-Efficiency Best Practice Policies and Policy Packages  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ABORATORY Building Energy-Efficiency Best Practice Policiesleveraging for energy-efficiency BEE Best Practice Policiesgoverning energy efficiency and discuss best practices for

Levine, Mark

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

A Practical Primer to LED Technology | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

A Practical Primer to LED Technology A Practical Primer to LED Technology A Practical Primer to LED Technology More Documents & Publications LED LUMINAIRE LIFETIME: Recommendations...

256

World Best Practice Energy Intensity Values for Selected Industrial Sectors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

world best practice energy intensity values for productionWorld best practice energy intensity values for productionWorld Best Practice Final Energy Intensity Values for Aluminium Production (

Worrell, Ernst; Price, Lynn; Neelis, Maarten; Galitsky, Christina; Zhou, Nan

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Disposal Practices at the Nevada Test Site 2008 | Department...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Disposal Practices at the Nevada Test Site 2008 Disposal Practices at the Nevada Test Site 2008 Full Document and Summary Versions are available for download Disposal Practices at...

258

World Best Practice Energy Intensity Values for Selected Industrial Sectors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Best Practice Final Energy Intensity Values for Stand-AloneBest Practice Final Energy Intensity Values for Stand-AloneBest Practice Primary Energy Intensity Values for Stand-

Worrell, Ernst; Price, Lynn; Neelis, Maarten; Galitsky, Christina; Zhou, Nan

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Maximum-entropy meshfree method for nonlinear static analysis of planar reinforced concrete structures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the nonlinear system of equations. Maximum-entropy basis functions are used to discretize the two displacement control method is implemented to solve the nonlinear system of equations and to obtain tools in the field of structural engineering, Yaw and co-workers [1] presented a blended FE and meshfree

Sukumar, N.

260

Magnetofossil spike during the Paleocene-Eocene thermal maximum: Ferromagnetic resonance, rock magnetic, and electron microscopy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Magnetofossil spike during the Paleocene-Eocene thermal maximum: Ferromagnetic resonance, rock,2 Timothy D. Raub,3,4 Dirk Schumann,5 Hojatollah Vali,5 Alexei V. Smirnov,3,6 and Joseph L. Kirschvink1 controversial hypothesis that a cometary impact triggered the PETM. Here we present ferromagnetic resonance (FMR

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "maximum extent practical" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Sufficient Stochastic Maximum Principle in a Regime-Switching Diffusion Model  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We prove a sufficient stochastic maximum principle for the optimal control of a regime-switching diffusion model. We show the connection to dynamic programming and we apply the result to a quadratic loss minimization problem, which can be used to solve a mean-variance portfolio selection problem.

Donnelly, Catherine, E-mail: C.Donnelly@hw.ac.uk [Heriot-Watt University, Department of Actuarial Mathematics and Statistics (United Kingdom)

2011-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

262

SAWSA-LPR: Astochastic search strategy for estimation of maximum likelihood DNA phylogenetic trees  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the spirit of the ''grand challenge'', this paper covers the development of novel concepts for inference of large phylogenies based on the maximum likelihood method, which has proved to be the most accurate model for inference of huge and complex ... Keywords: DNA, Inferencing, LPR, Phylogenetic tree, Simulated annealing

Sanchita Paul, Gadadhar Sahoo

2014-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

On the maximum and minimum mass of protoneutron stars in the Brueckner theory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the structure of protoneutron stars within the finite-temperature Brueckner-Bethe-Goldstone theoretical approach, paying particular attention to the joining with a low-density nuclear equation of state (EOS). We find a slight sensitivity of the minimum value of the protoneutron star mass on the low-density EOS, whereas the maximum mass is hardly affected.

Burgio, G F

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Maximum Feedrate Interpolator for Multi-axis CNC Machining with Jerk Constraints  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Maximum Feedrate Interpolator for Multi-axis CNC Machining with Jerk Constraints X. Beudaert, S name@lurpa.ens-cachan.fr Abstract A key role of the CNC is to perform the feedrate interpolation which for the next point along the path is computed. Examples and comparisons with an industrial CNC demonstrate

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

265

Ocean Circulation During the Last Glacial Maximum Simulated by PMIP3 Climate Models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the intensity of the Atlantic Overturning Circulation (distinguished by the local maximum at approximately 30 N %. In the plot corresponding to the World Ocean Circulation, an increase in the Deep Circulation, associated of the water masses as well as the impact on ocean carbon storage. References: [1] Godfrey J. S., Geophysics

Schmittner, Andreas

266

Environmental and Ecological Statistics 10, 455467, 2003 Moment and maximum likelihood  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Environmental and Ecological Statistics 10, 455±467, 2003 Moment and maximum likelihood estimators are probability proportional to size methods. These methods are also referred to as size-biased because sampling are special cases of size-biased sampling where the probability weighting comes from a lineal or areal

267

Maximum Class Separability for Rough-Fuzzy C-Means Based Brain MR Image Segmentation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Maximum Class Separability for Rough-Fuzzy C-Means Based Brain MR Image Segmentation Pradipta Maji of brain MR images. The RFCM algorithm comprises a judicious integration of the of rough sets, fuzzy sets with vagueness and incompleteness in class definition of brain MR images, the membership function of fuzzy sets

Pal, Sankar Kumar

268

Maximum Utility Product Pricing Models and Algorithms Based on Reservation Prices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Maximum Utility Product Pricing Models and Algorithms Based on Reservation Prices R. Shioda L. Tun for pricing a product line with several customer segments under the assumption that customers' product choices utility model and formulate it as a mixed-integer programming problem, design heuristics and valid cuts

Tunçel, Levent

269

Self-Assembly for Maximum Yields Under Constraints Michael J. Fox and Jeff S. Shamma  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Self-Assembly for Maximum Yields Under Constraints Michael J. Fox and Jeff S. Shamma Abstract-- We present an algorithm that, given any target tree, synthesizes reversible self-assembly rules that provide states that cannot be recovered from the unlabeled graph. I. INTRODUCTION Self-assembly is the phenomenon

Shamma, Jeff S.

270

Optimization of stomatal conductance for maximum carbon gain under dynamic soil moisture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optimization of stomatal conductance for maximum carbon gain under dynamic soil moisture Stefano Accepted 26 September 2013 Available online 9 October 2013 Keywords: Optimization Photosynthesis Soil moisture Stomatal conductance Transpiration a b s t r a c t Optimization theories explain a variety

Katul, Gabriel

271

Power and Sample Size Determination for a Stepwise Test Procedure for Finding the Maximum Safe Dose  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Power and Sample Size Determination for a Stepwise Test Procedure for Finding the Maximum Safe Dose This paper addresses the problem of power and sample size calculation for a stepwise multiple test procedure of a compound. A general expression for the power of this procedure is derived. It is used to find the minimum

Tamhane, Ajit C.

272

Generalized Local Maximum Principles for Finite-Difference Operators Author(s): Achi Brandt  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Generalized Local Maximum Principles for Finite-Difference Operators Author(s): Achi Brandt Source://www.jstor.org/action/showPublisher?publisherCode=ams. . Each copy of any part of a JSTOR transmission must contain the same copyright notice that appears on the screen or printed page of such transmission. JSTOR is a not-for-profit service that helps scholars

273

Design of wind farm layout for maximum wind energy capture Andrew Kusiak*, Zhe Song  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Design of wind farm layout for maximum wind energy capture Andrew Kusiak*, Zhe Song Intelligent sources of alternative energy. The construction of wind farms is destined to grow in the U.S., possibly twenty-fold by the year 2030. To maximize the wind energy capture, this paper presents a model for wind

Kusiak, Andrew

274

Energy Production, Frictional Dissipation, and Maximum Intensity of a Numerically Simulated Tropical Cyclone  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

0 Energy Production, Frictional Dissipation, and Maximum Intensity of a Numerically Simulated) viewed as a heat engine converts heat energy extracted from the ocean to kinetic energy of the TC, which is eventually dissipated due to surface friction. Since the energy production rate is a linear function while

Wang, Yuqing

275

Energy Production, Frictional Dissipation, and Maximum Intensity of a Numerically Simulated Tropical Cyclone*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy Production, Frictional Dissipation, and Maximum Intensity of a Numerically Simulated as a heat engine converts heat energy extracted from the ocean into the kinetic energy of the TC, which is eventually dissipated due to surface friction. Since the energy production rate is a linear function while

Wang, Yuqing

276

THE SECOND LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS AND THE GLOBAL CLIMATE SYSTEM: A REVIEW OF THE MAXIMUM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE SECOND LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS AND THE GLOBAL CLIMATE SYSTEM: A REVIEW OF THE MAXIMUM ENTROPY of the global climate system and those of turbulent fluid systems are reviewed from a thermodynamic viewpoint production, energetics Citation: Ozawa, H., A. Ohmura, R. D. Lorenz, and T. Pujol, The second law

Lorenz, Ralph D.

277

Integrating ecophysiology and plankton dynamics into projected changes in maximum fisheries catch potential under climate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

). In addition, average surface water pH of the ocean has dropped by 0.1 units since pre- industrial timesIntegrating ecophysiology and plankton dynamics into projected changes in maximum fisheries catch 7TJ, UK 2 Centre for Environment, Fisheries and Aquaculture Science, Pakefield Road, Lowestoft

Pauly, Daniel

278

Accurate Single Molecule FRET Efficiency Determination for Surface Immobilized DNA Using Maximum Likelihood Calculated Lifetimes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Accurate Single Molecule FRET Efficiency Determination for Surface Immobilized DNA Using MaximumVed: October 4, 2006; In Final Form: January 12, 2007 Single molecule fluorescent lifetime trajectories directly measured using time-tagged single-photon counting and scanning confocal microscopy. A modified

279

A PROXIMITY CONTROL ALGORITHM TO MINIMIZE NONSMOOTH AND NONCONVEX SEMI-INFINITE MAXIMUM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the context of eigen- value optimization, and [8] gives an overview of the history. The bases for the presentA PROXIMITY CONTROL ALGORITHM TO MINIMIZE NONSMOOTH AND NONCONVEX SEMI-INFINITE MAXIMUM EIGENVALUE function, semi-infinite problem, H-norm. 1. Introduction. Proximity control for bundle methods has been

Noll, Dominikus

280

A PROXIMITY CONTROL ALGORITHM TO MINIMIZE NONSMOOTH AND NONCONVEX SEMI-INFINITE MAXIMUM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the context of eigen- value optimization, and [9] gives an overview of the history. The bases for the presentA PROXIMITY CONTROL ALGORITHM TO MINIMIZE NONSMOOTH AND NONCONVEX SEMI-INFINITE MAXIMUM EIGENVALUE function, semi-infinite problem, H-norm. 1. Introduction. Proximity control for bundle methods has been

Noll, Dominikus

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "maximum extent practical" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Congestion and Its Extent 1 CONGESTION AND ITS EXTENT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

), that it wastes time and energy, causes pollution and #12;2 Access to Destinations stress, decreases productivity and imposes costs on society equal to 2-3% of our GDP (Cervero, 1998). From a technological perspective 2002 because of extra time lost and fuel consumed, or $829 per person. (Texas Transportation Institute

Bertini, Robert L.

282

Congestion and Its Extent 1 CONGESTION AND ITS EXTENT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and energy, causes pollution and stress, decreases productivity and imposes costs on society equal to 2-3% of our gross domestic product (GDP) (Cervero, 1998). In terms of technology, it was noted lost and fuel consumed, or $829 per person. (Schrank and Lomax, 2004) Some refer to these kinds

Bertini, Robert L.

283

PREFERRED WATERFLOOD MANAGEMENT PRACTICES FOR THE SPRABERRY TREND AREA  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The naturally fractured Spraberry Trend Area is one of the largest reservoirs in the domestic U.S. and is the largest reservoir in area extent in the world. Production from Spraberry sands is found over a 2,500 sq. mile area and Spraberry reservoirs can be found in an eight county area in west Texas. Over 150 operators produce 65,000 barrels of oil per day (bopd) from the Spraberry Trend Area from more than 9,000 production wells. Recovery is poor, on the order of 7-10% due to the profoundly complicated nature of the reservoir, yet billions of barrels of hydrocarbons remain. We estimate over 15% of remaining reserves in domestic Class III reservoirs are in Spraberry Trend Area reservoirs. This tremendous domestic asset is a prime example of an endangered hydrocarbon resource in need of immediate technological advancements before thousands of wells are permanently abandoned. This report describes the final work of the project, ''Preferred Waterflood Management Practices for the Spraberry Trend Area.'' The objective of this project is to significantly increase field-wide production in the Spraberry Trend in a short time frame through the application of preferred practices for managing and optimizing water injection. Our goal is to dispel negative attitudes and lack of confidence in water injection and to document the methodology and results for public dissemination to motivate waterflood expansion in the Spraberry Trend. This objective has been accomplished through research in three areas: (1) detail historical review and extensive reservoir characterization, (2) production data management, and (3) field demonstration. This provides results of the final year of the three-year project for each of the three areas.

David S. Schechter

2004-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

284

Guidance on Basic Best Practices in Management of Energy Performance...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Best Practices in Management of Energy Performance Buildings Building energy management best practices 11001eecbgsepbuildingbestpractice.pdf More Documents & Publications...

285

World Best Practice Energy Intensity Values for Selected Industrial Sectors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

report describes best practices in energy efficiency for keyImproving Energy Efficiency of shape casting. Best practice

Worrell, Ernst; Price, Lynn; Neelis, Maarten; Galitsky, Christina; Zhou, Nan

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Best Practices in Existing Building Commissioning  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Presentation covers the Best Practices in Existing Building Commissioning and is given at the Spring 2010 Federal Utility Partnership Working Group (FUPWG) meeting in Rapid City, South Dakota.

287

Best-Practices in Corporate Foresight  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The following chapter presents eight best practices. They are structured along the capability dimension of the Maturity Model of corporate foresight.

Dr. Ren Rohrbeck

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Social Networks and Everyday Practices in Russia.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??My doctoral dissertation in sociology and Russian studies, Social Networks and Everyday Practices in Russia, employs a "micro" or "grassroots" perspective on the transition. The (more)

Salmi, Anna-Maria

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Centenary of Practical Marine Screw Propulsion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... To mark the centenary of practical marine screw ... screw propulsion, a special exhibit was opened at the Science Museum, South Kensington, on February ...

1937-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

290

Superior Energy Performance Industrial Facility Best Practice...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Facility Best Practice Scorecard to assess the maturity of the facility's energy management system. This scorecard describes credits that can be earned by implementing...

291

ODEQ - Construction Stormwater Best Management Practices Manual...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library PermittingRegulatory Guidance - GuideHandbook: ODEQ - Construction Stormwater Best Management Practices ManualPermittingRegulatory...

292

Psychologically Healthy Workplace Practices = Good Business ...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

practices. A report from the Journal of Occupational Health and Medicine shows that health care expenditures are nearly 50% greater for workers who report high levels of...

293

Best Practices in Industrial Data Management  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Best Practices in Industrial Data Management Moderator: Paul Scheihing, AMO This presentation does not contain any proprietary, confidential, or otherwise restricted information....

294

An Ad-Hoc Method for Obtaining chi**2 Values from Unbinned Maximum Likelihood Fits  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A common goal in an experimental physics analysis is to extract information from a reaction with multi-dimensional kinematics. The preferred method for such a task is typically the unbinned maximum likelihood method. In fits using this method, the likelihood is a goodness-of-fit quantity in that it effectively discriminates between available hypotheses; however, it does not provide any information as to how well the best hypothesis describes the data. In this paper, we present an {\\em ad-hoc} procedure for obtaining chi**2/n.d.f. values from unbinned maximum likelihood fits. This method does not require binning the data, making it very applicable to multi-dimensional problems.

M. Williams; C. A. Meyer

2008-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

295

A comparison of maximum likelihood and other estimators of eigenvalues from several correlated Monte Carlo samples  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The maximum likelihood method for the multivariate normal distribution is applied to the case of several individual eigenvalues. Correlated Monte Carlo estimates of the eigenvalue are assumed to follow this prescription and aspects of the assumption are examined. Monte Carlo cell calculations using the SAM-CE and VIM codes for the TRX-1 and TRX-2 benchmark reactors, and SAM-CE full core results are analyzed with this method. Variance reductions of a few percent to a factor of 2 are obtained from maximum likelihood estimation as compared with the simple average and the minimum variance individual eigenvalue. The numerical results verify that the use of sample variances and correlation coefficients in place of the corresponding population statistics still leads to nearly minimum variance estimation for a sufficient number of histories and aggregates.

Beer, M.

1980-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Maximum-Entropy Meshfree Method for Compressible and Near-Incompressible Elasticity  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Numerical integration errors and volumetric locking in the near-incompressible limit are two outstanding issues in Galerkin-based meshfree computations. In this paper, we present a modified Gaussian integration scheme on background cells for meshfree methods that alleviates errors in numerical integration and ensures patch test satisfaction to machine precision. Secondly, a locking-free small-strain elasticity formulation for meshfree methods is proposed, which draws on developments in assumed strain methods and nodal integration techniques. In this study, maximum-entropy basis functions are used; however, the generality of our approach permits the use of any meshfree approximation. Various benchmark problems in two-dimensional compressible and near-incompressible small strain elasticity are presented to demonstrate the accuracy and optimal convergence in the energy norm of the maximum-entropy meshfree formulation.

Ortiz, A; Puso, M A; Sukumar, N

2009-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

297

A maximum entropy theorem with applications to the measurement of biodiversity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This is a preliminary article stating and proving a new maximum entropy theorem. The entropies that we consider can be used as measures of biodiversity. In that context, the question is: for a given collection of species, which frequency distribution(s) maximize the diversity? The theorem provides the answer. The chief surprise is that although we are dealing not just with a single entropy, but a one-parameter family of entropies, there is a single distribution maximizing all of them simultaneously.

Leinster, Tom

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Computation of the maximum loadability of a power system using nonlinear optimization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Between Generator and Load. . . . . . . . . 34 E. Flowchart for Optimization Program F. Tutorial Example G. Conclusion. . 35 36 44 V SIMULATION RESULTS. 45 A. Introduction. B. Results of Simulation for Maximum Loadability of the Total System. I... of this work starting from the basics. Chapter III will cover concepts of power flow and loadability along with tutorial example. The literature survey over this topic and previous work as well as problem statement and solution method will be covered...

Khabirov, Abdufarrukh

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Interval analysis applied to the maximum loading point of electric power systems considering load data uncertainties  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper proposes a simple and efficient power flow method to calculate, in an interval manner, the main variables corresponding to the maximum loading point, under load data uncertainties. The resulting interval nonlinear system of equations is solved using Krawczyk method. The proposed methodology is implemented in the Matlab environment using the Intlab toolbox. Results are compared with those obtainable by Monte Carlo simulations. IEEE 30 bus system and a South-southeastern Brazilian network are used to validate the proposed methodology.

L.E.S. Pereira; V.M. da Costa

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Hydrodynamic equations for electrons in graphene obtained from the maximum entropy principle  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The maximum entropy principle is applied to the formal derivation of isothermal, Euler-like equations for semiclassical fermions (electrons and holes) in graphene. After proving general mathematical properties of the equations so obtained, their asymptotic form corresponding to significant physical regimes is investigated. In particular, the diffusive regime, the Maxwell-Boltzmann regime (high temperature), the collimation regime and the degenerate gas limit (vanishing temperature) are considered.

Barletti, Luigi, E-mail: luigi.barletti@unifi.it [Dipartimento di Matematica e Informatica Ulisse Dini, Universit degli Studi di Firenze, Viale Morgagni 67/A, 50134 Firenze (Italy)

2014-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "maximum extent practical" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

An Analysis of Maximum Residential Energy Efficiency in Hot and Humid Climates  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the high efficiency instantaneous water heater with electronic ignition. The largest equipment energy savings (20%) was achieved from the horizontal-axis clothes washer. Compact fluorescent lamps (CFLs) saved 75% lighting energy use. Among all...AN ANALYSIS OF MAXIMUM RESIDENTIAL ENERGY EFFICIENCY IN HOT AND HUMID CLIMATES Mini Malhotra Graduate Research Assistant Jeff Haberl, Ph.D., P.E. Professor/Associate Director Energy Systems Laboratory, Texas A&M University College...

Malhotra, M.; Haberl, J. S.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

U.S. Maximum Number of Active Crews Engaged in Seismic Surveying (Number of  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Maximum Number of Active Crews Engaged in Seismic Surveying (Number of Elements) Maximum Number of Active Crews Engaged in Seismic Surveying (Number of Elements) U.S. Maximum Number of Active Crews Engaged in Seismic Surveying (Number of Elements) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2000 0 0 62 63 59 63 58 61 59 63 62 65 2001 61 61 63 65 64 60 58 56 54 58 59 58 2002 54 57 54 50 51 50 52 50 56 57 50 43 2003 40 41 41 40 38 39 41 43 39 39 38 42 2004 43 45 45 45 44 49 48 49 48 48 49 50 2005 52 53 51 50 55 57 54 55 56 57 57 58 2006 55 57 59 58 58 57 66 62 63 64 65 64 2007 63 63 68 71 70 69 69 71 73 77 79 75 2008 76 77 75 72 73 73 72 72 NA 77 72 73 2009 75 76 72 70 65 60 61 60 60 63 62 63 2010 64 65 63 66 67 67 67 65 64 62 62 62

303

Effect of altered boundary conditions on GCM studies of the climate of the last glacial maximum  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The authors address a problem discovered recently with global climate model results for the last glacial maximum. Bard, et. al. pointed out a mismatch in boundary conditions entered into the model. Ice sheet conditions were derived from CLIMAP based on a time 18000 radiocarbon years ago. It was assumed that radiocarbon and sidereal dates coincide. However it was recently shown that the sidereal data of the last glacial maximum is nearer 21kbp. The authors perform model calculations to attempt to evaluate the seriousness of this mismatch in terms of calculated results from the global climate model runs for the last glacial maximum. The authors find that one result of the timing mismatch is a sizable difference in northern hemisphere summer and Eurasian winter climates. These changes should have a major impact on circulation patterns in the GCM simulations. In addition new ice sheet model programs are available now which appear to improve on CLIMAP models. The authors urge that these GCM simulations be rerun.

Hyde, W.T.; Peltier, W.R.

1993-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

304

A proposed methodology for medium-range maximum demand anticipation and application  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

One to three years' anticipation of monthly and weekly peak demand is required to prepare maintenance schedules, develop power pooling agreements, select peaking capacity and provide data required by certain reliability coordinating centers. A total monthly forecast of the maximum demand is deduced and computed for the three years up to April 1981. This is accomplished for an important electrical network in Egypt. The anticipated maximum demand is executed for El-Mehalla El-Kubra city network. This network has an industrial and residential daily load characteristic. Direct monthly maximum demand forecasting is executed by separate treatment of weather-independent and weather-induced demand. The required forecast is derived by two methodologies: the probabilistic extrapolation-correlation, and that suggested by the authors. Daily and monthly data have been collected for more reliable determination of weather load models. Complete analysis, discussion and comments on the results are presented, and the results compared. This comparison reveals that an acceptable and reasonable percentage error is obtained on applying the proposed methodology.

M.S. Kandil; M.Helmy El-Maghraby; H. El-Dosouky

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Best-practice and average practice: technique choice and energy demand in a vintage model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Comparisons between best-practice use of energy and average practice have become quite popular ... in debates and scenarios about future need for energy, and sometimes fairly strong conclusions are drawn about lo...

Lennart Hjalmarsson; Finn R. Frsund

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

UNDERSTANDING RETAIL PRODUCTIVITY BY SIMULATING MANAGEMENT PRACTICES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

UNDERSTANDING RETAIL PRODUCTIVITY BY SIMULATING MANAGEMENT PRACTICES Peer-Olaf Siebers1 , Uwe and simulation to investigate a set of problems in a retail context. Specifically, we are working to understand the relationship between human resource management practices and retail productivity. Despite the fact we

Aickelin, Uwe

307

Energy from Waste: A good practice guide  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy from Waste: A good practice guide #12;9 Saxon Court, St Peter's Gardens, Marefair: www.ciwm.co.uk Energy from Waste: A good practice guide ISBN: 0-902944-54-1 Published November 2003 by IWM Business Services Ltd on behalf of: Energy from Waste Working Group #12;1 Energy from Waste

Columbia University

308

Airfoil Optimization Using Practical Aerodynamic Design Requirements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Airfoil Optimization Using Practical Aerodynamic Design Requirements Howard P. Buckley, Beckett Y., Toronto, Ontario, M3H 5T6, Canada Practical aerodynamic design problems must balance the goal the aerodynamic constraints imposed at the off-design operating conditions to be treated explicitly. Both methods

Zingg, David W.

309

Practical Alternative Financing Strategies for Building Commissioning  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Practical Alternative Financing Strategies for Building Commissioning Arun Jhaveri, Regional Manager Federal Energy Management Program U. S. Dept. of Energy/Western Regional Office Seattle, Washington ABSTRACT Owning and operating a...Practical Alternative Financing Strategies for Building Commissioning Arun Jhaveri, Regional Manager Federal Energy Management Program U. S. Dept. of Energy/Western Regional Office Seattle, Washington ABSTRACT Owning and operating a...

Zhaveri, A.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Property:BestPractices | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

BestPractices BestPractices Jump to: navigation, search Property Name BestPractices Property Type Text Description List of best practices that could be applied while using this technique. Subproperties This property has the following 22 subproperties: A Active Seismic Techniques Aeromagnetic Survey Airborne Gravity Survey B Borehole Seismic Techniques C Compound and Elemental Analysis E Exploration Drilling F FLIR F cont. Frequency-Domain Electromagnetic Survey G Geophysical Techniques I Injectivity Test Isotopic Analysis- Fluid Isotopic Analysis- Rock M Microgravity-Hybrid Microgravity O Optical Televiewer P PSInSAR R Radar Refraction Survey S Single-Well And Cross-Well Seismic Spontaneous Potential Well Log SqueeSAR Static Temperature Survey X X-Ray Fluorescence (XRF) Pages using the property "BestPractices"

311

A maximum power tracking algorithm based on photovoltaic current control for matching loads to a photovoltaic generator  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, a novel maximum power point tracking (MPPT) approach is studied. It is based on the photovoltaic (PV) current control. The last one...

Ben Hamed Mouna; Sbita Lassad

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Map-making in small field modulated CMB polarisation experiments: approximating the maximum-likelihood method  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Map-making presents a significant computational challenge to the next generation of kilopixel CMB polarisation experiments. Years worth of time ordered data (TOD) from thousands of detectors will need to be compressed into maps of the T, Q and U Stokes parameters. Fundamental to the science goal of these experiments, the observation of B-modes, is the ability to control noise and systematics. In this paper, we consider an alternative to the maximum-likelihood method, called destriping, where the noise is modelled as a set of discrete offset functions and then subtracted from the time-stream. We compare our destriping code (Descart: the DEStriping CARTographer) to a full maximum-likelihood map-maker, applying them to 200 Monte-Carlo simulations of time-ordered data from a ground based, partial-sky polarisation modulation experiment. In these simulations, the noise is dominated by either detector or atmospheric 1/f noise. Using prior information of the power spectrum of this noise, we produce destriped maps of T, Q and U which are negligibly different from optimal. The method does not filter the signal or bias the E or B-mode power spectra. Depending on the length of the destriping baseline, the method delivers between 5 and 22 times improvement in computation time over the maximum-likelihood algorithm. We find that, for the specific case of single detector maps, it is essential to destripe the atmospheric 1/f in order to detect B-modes, even though the Q and U signals are modulated by a half-wave plate spinning at 5-Hz.

D. Sutton; B. R. Johnson; M. L. Brown; P. Cabella; P. G. Ferreira; K. M. Smith

2008-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

313

Lensmem a gravitational lens inversion algorithm using the maximum entropy method  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a new algorithm for inverting poorly resolved gravitational lens systems using the maximum entropy method (MEM). We test the method with simulations and then apply it to an 8 GHz VLA map of the radio ring lens MG1654+134. We model the lens as a singular isothermal sphere embedded in an external shear field and find the critical radius of the lens is b=0\\parcs9820, the dimensionless shear is \\gamma=0.0771, and the position angle of the shear is \\theta=100\\pdeg8. These results are consistent with the results obtained by Kochanek (1995) using a complementary inversion algorithm based on Clean.

Wallington, S; Narayan, R

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

LensMEM: A Gravitational Lens Inversion Algorithm Using the Maximum Entropy Method  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a new algorithm for inverting poorly resolved gravitational lens systems using the maximum entropy method (MEM). We test the method with simulations and then apply it to an 8 GHz VLA map of the radio ring lens MG1654+134. We model the lens as a singular isothermal sphere embedded in an external shear field and find the critical radius of the lens is $b=0\\parcs9820$, the dimensionless shear is $\\gamma=0.0771$, and the position angle of the shear is $\\theta=100\\pdeg8$. These results are consistent with the results obtained by Kochanek (1995) using a complementary inversion algorithm based on Clean.

S. Wallington; C. S. Kochanek; R. Narayan

1995-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

315

Interpretation of the depths of maximum of extensive air showers measured by the Pierre Auger Observatory  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

To interpret the mean depth of cosmic ray air shower maximum and its dispersion, we parametrize those two observables as functions of the first two moments of the ln A distribution. We examine the goodness of this simple method through simulations of test mass distributions. The application of the parameterization to Pierre Auger Observatory data allows one to study the energy dependence of the mean ln A and of its variance under the assumption of selected hadronic interaction models. We discuss possible implications of these dependences in term of interaction models and astrophysical cosmic ray sources.

Collaboration: Pierre Auger Collaboration

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Detection-estimation of very close emitters: performance breakdown, ambiguity, and general statistical analysis of maximum-likelihood estimation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We reexamine the well-known problem of "threshold behavior" or "performance breakdown" in the detection-estimation of very closely spaced emitters. In this extreme regime, we analyze the performance for maximum-likelihood estimation (MLE) of directions-of-arrival ... Keywords: direction-of-arrival (DOA) estimation, maximum-likelihood estimation, random matrix theory, signal detection, signal resolution

Yuri I. Abramovich; Ben A. Johnson

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Property:Maximum Wave Height(m) at Wave Period(s) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Wave Height(m) at Wave Period(s) Wave Height(m) at Wave Period(s) Jump to: navigation, search Property Name Maximum Wave Height(m) at Wave Period(s) Property Type String Pages using the property "Maximum Wave Height(m) at Wave Period(s)" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 1 1.5-ft Wave Flume Facility + 10.0 + 10-ft Wave Flume Facility + 10.0 + 11-ft Wave Flume Facility + 10.0 + 2 2-ft Flume Facility + 10.0 + 3 3-ft Wave Flume Facility + 10.0 + 5 5-ft Wave Flume Facility + 10.0 + 6 6-ft Wave Flume Facility + 10.0 + A Alden Large Flume + 0.0 + Alden Wave Basin + 1.0 + C Chase Tow Tank + 3.1 + Coastal Harbors Modeling Facility + 2.3 + Coastal Inlet Model Facility + 2.3 + D Davidson Laboratory Tow Tank + 4.0 + DeFrees Large Wave Basin + 3.0 + DeFrees Small Wave Basin + 3.0 +

318

Application of maximum likelihood methods to laser Thomson scattering measurements of low density plasmas  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Laser Thomson scattering (LTS) is an established plasma diagnostic technique that has seen recent application to low density plasmas. It is difficult to perform LTS measurements when the scattered signal is weak as a result of low electron number density, poor optical access to the plasma, or both. Photon counting methods are often implemented in order to perform measurements in these low signal conditions. However, photon counting measurements performed with photo-multiplier tubes are time consuming and multi-photon arrivals are incorrectly recorded. In order to overcome these shortcomings a new data analysis method based on maximum likelihood estimation was developed. The key feature of this new data processing method is the inclusion of non-arrival events in determining the scattered Thomson signal. Maximum likelihood estimation and its application to Thomson scattering at low signal levels is presented and application of the new processing method to LTS measurements performed in the plume of a 2-kW Hall-effect thruster is discussed.

Washeleski, Robert L.; Meyer, Edmond J. IV; King, Lyon B. [Michigan Technological University, Houghton, Michigan 49931 (United States)] [Michigan Technological University, Houghton, Michigan 49931 (United States)

2013-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

319

Maximum power point tracking of permanent magnet wind turbines equipped with direct matrix converter  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents a novel control method for Maximum Power Point Tracking of wind turbines (WTs) equipped with a Permanent Magnet Synchronous Generator (PMSG) and a Direct Matrix Converter (DMC). The method calculates the optimum wind turbine speed and maximizes the extracted power from wind turbine. This is done by Hill Climb Search method which is simple and does not need to know the generator parameters and no need to solve the complicated differential equations of generator. WT rotor speed is compared with its optimal value and then DMC controls WT until its rotor speed reaches its optimum value. Under this situation maximum power is extracted from WT and is injected to the grid with unity power factor. It is implemented by controlling the phase and the amplitude of the DMC output voltage by Venturini switching method. Simulations are done on a 2?MW PMSG WT in MATLAB/SIMULINK to obtain the results the wind speed was varied both using the Van Der Hoven method and changing the wind step. The obtained results verify the accuracy and simplicity of proposed method.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Dependency of U.S. Hurricane Economic Loss on Maximum Wind Speed and Storm Size  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Many empirical hurricane economic loss models consider only wind speed and neglect storm size. These models may be inadequate in accurately predicting the losses of super-sized storms, such as Hurricane Sandy in 2012. In this study, we examined the dependencies of normalized U.S. hurricane loss on both wind speed and storm size for 73 tropical cyclones that made landfall in the U.S. from 1988 to 2012. A multi-variate least squares regression is used to construct a hurricane loss model using both wind speed and size as predictors. Using maximum wind speed and size together captures more variance of losses than using wind speed or size alone. It is found that normalized hurricane loss (L) approximately follows a power law relation with maximum wind speed (Vmax) and size (R). Assuming L=10^c Vmax^a R^b, c being a scaling factor, the coefficients, a and b, generally range between 4-12 and 2-4, respectively. Both a and b tend to increase with stronger wind speed. For large losses, a weighted regression model, with...

Zhai, Alice R

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "maximum extent practical" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Maximum wind energy contribution in autonomous electrical grids based on thermal power stations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Greek islands cover their continuously increasing electricity demand on the basis of small autonomous thermal power stations. This electrification solution is related with increased operational cost and power insufficiency, especially during summer. On the other hand, the stochastic behaviour of the wind and the important fluctuations of daily and seasonal electricity load in almost all Greek islands pose a substantial penetration limit for the exploitation of the high wind potential of the area. In this context, the present study is concentrated on developing an integrated methodology which can estimate the maximum wind energy contribution to the existing autonomous electrical grids, using the appropriate stochastic analysis. For this purpose one takes into account the electrical demand probability density profile of every island under investigation as well as the operational characteristics of the corresponding thermal power stations. Special attention is paid in order to protect the existing internal combustion engines from unsafe operation below their technical minima as well as to preserve the local system active power reserve and the corresponding dynamic stability. In order to increase the reliability of the results obtained, one may use extensive information for several years. Finally, the proposed study is integrated with an appropriate parametrical analysis, investigating the impact of the main parameters variation on the expected maximum wind energy contribution.

J.K. Kaldellis

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

RCx Insights and Best Practices from Utilities  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Presentation covers the RCx Insights and Best Practices from Utilities and is given at the Spring 2010 Federal Utility Partnership Working Group (FUPWG) meeting in Rapid City, South Dakota.

323

Reducing Health Disparities: From Theory to Practice  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...of poor health and unhealthy risk profile among African-Americans...activism is another form of political action practiced by many grassroots...change and liberation, gaining political power, and building political unity. Cultural activism develops...

Deborah Prothrow-Stith; Brian Gibbs; and Autumn Allen

2003-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Project evaluation : a practical asset pricing method  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper presents a practical approach to project evaluation using techniques of modern financial economics, with a sample application to oil development under a complex tax system. The method overcomes shortcomings of ...

Jacoby, Henry D.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Best practices for underground diesel emissions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The US NIOSH and the Coal Diesel Partnership recommend practices for successfully using ceramic filters to control particulate emitted from diesel-powered equipment used in underground coal mines. 3 tabs.

Patts, L.; Brnich, M. Jr. [NIOSH Pittsburgh Research Laboratory, Pittsburgh, PA (United States)

2007-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

326

NASA selects practicing chemist for astronaut training  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The National Aeronautics and Space Administration has selected a chemist for its scientist-astronaut program. Dr. John A. Llewellyn, an associate professor of chemistry at Florida State University, is the first practicing chemist to be chosen for the ...

1967-08-14T23:59:59.000Z

327

CHEMICAL USE AND POLLUTION PREVENTION PRACTICES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ...66 REVIEW OF REGULATORY AGENCY INITIATIVES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67 5.1 Ontario the Fraser River Action Plan through the Fraser Pollution Abatement Section. Environment Canada . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ...12 REVIEW OF DOCUMENTED PRACTICES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43 4

328

Materials System Inventory Management Practices at Washington...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Materials System Inventory Management Practices at Washington River Protection Solutions OAS-M-15-01 January 2015 U.S. Department of Energy Office of Inspector General Office of...

329

Energy Efficient Retrofits and Green Building Practices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Moreover, the increase in demand is also causing rise in pollution levels. Therefore, the subject of energy efficient retrofits and green building practices is becoming increasingly important. Based on the latest walkthrough energy audit it is proven...

Rahman, M.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Water Protection Projects and Practices (Iowa)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This statute calls on soil and water conservation districts to carry out district-wide and multiple-district projects to support water protection practices, including projects to protect the state...

331

Organizational development, best practices, and employee development  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This article describers a unique, ongoing collaborative project between the University of Kansas Libraries and the department of human resources at the University of Kansas. The goal of the project is to apply best practices ...

Russell, Keith; Ames-Oliver, Kathleen; Fund, Linda; Proctor, Terry; Vannaman, Madi

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Computer Networking : Principles, Protocols and Practice  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Computer Networking : Principles, Protocols and Practice Release Olivier Bonaventure December 24 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 2 Part 1: Principles 5 2.1 Connecting two hosts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 137 3.8 The Transmission Control Protocol

Bonaventure, Olivier

333

Computer Networking : Principles, Protocols and Practice  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Computer Networking : Principles, Protocols and Practice Release Olivier Bonaventure September 17 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 2 Part 1: Principles 5 2.1 Connecting two hosts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 138 3.8 The Transmission Control Protocol

Bonaventure, Olivier

334

Photonic crystals : from theory to practice  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this thesis, we explore the design, computation, and analysis of photonic crystals, with a special emphasis on structures and devices that make a connection with practically realizable systems. First, we analyze the ...

Johnson, Steven G., 1973-

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Practical algorithms for distributed network control  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optimal routing and scheduling algorithms have been studied for decades, however several practical issues prevent the adoption of these network control policies on the Internet. This thesis considers two distinct topics ...

Jones, Nathaniel Matthew

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Methods & Practices Handbook | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Methods & Practices Handbook Methods & Practices Handbook Methods & Practices Handbook Contents Purpose Background Navigation Table Life Cycle Phases Scope and Applicability Integrating Safety into Activities Purpose What is Deactivation? Deactivation is the process of placing a radiologically or chemically hazardous facility into a safe and stable condition for interim storage prior to decommissioning and dismantlement. The goal of deactivation is to reduce risks to the workers, public and environment, and limit the long-term cost of surveillance and maintenance. About This Site The purpose of this handbook/WEB site is to make the deactivation experience readily available across the DOE complex. The practices, methods, and examples described are those previously and successfully used

337

Code of Practice Admission of Students  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

practice issued by other bodies, including the Quality Assurance Agency's UK Quality Code For Higher, and the rules of natural justice. This includes specific compliance with legislation relating to discrimination

Kourtzi, Zoe

338

Guide to good practices for communications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this Guide to Good Practices is to provide Department of Energy (DOE) contractors with information that can be used to validate and/or modify existing programs relative to Conduct of Operations. This Guide to Good Practices is part of a series of guides designed to enhance the guidelines set forth in DOE Order 5480.19, Conduct of Operations Requirements for DOE Facilities.''

Not Available

1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Guide to good practices for logkeeping  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this Guide to Good Practices is to provide Department of Energy (DOE) contractors with information that can be used to validate and/or modify existing programs relative to Conduct of Operations. This Guide to Good Practices is part of a series of guides designed to enhance the guidelines set forth in DOE Order 5480. 19, ``Conduct of Operations Requirement for DOE Facilities.`` (JDB)

Not Available

1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Guide to good practices for logkeeping  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this Guide to Good Practices is to provide Department of Energy (DOE) contractors with information that can be used to validate and/or modify existing programs relative to Conduct of Operations. This Guide to Good Practices is part of a series of guides designed to enhance the guidelines set forth in DOE Order 5480. 19, Conduct of Operations Requirement for DOE Facilities.'' (JDB)

Not Available

1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "maximum extent practical" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Guide to good practices for communications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this Guide to Good Practices is to provide Department of Energy (DOE) contractors with information that can be used to validate and/or modify existing programs relative to Conduct of Operations. This Guide to Good Practices is part of a series of guides designed to enhance the guidelines set forth in DOE Order 5480.19, ``Conduct of Operations Requirements for DOE Facilities.``

Not Available

1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Theory versus practice in employee publications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THEORY VERSUS PRACTICE IN EMPLOYEE PUBLICATIONS A Thesis By Robbie Don Godwin Submitted to the Graduate School of the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas in Partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER... OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION August, l952 Major Subject: General Business THEORY VERSUS PRACTICE IN EMPLOYEE PUBLICATIONS A Thesis By Robbie Don Godwin Approved as to style and content by: (Chairman of Committee) ( e partment) August, 1962 PREFACE...

Godwin, Robbie Don

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

343

Pinch Technology-Theory into Practice  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PINCH TECHNOLOGY - THEORY INTO PRACTICE Alok Saboo, Ian Craw, Eric Hindmarsh and Dave Boland TENSA Services, ABSTRACT This paper covers the fundamentals of pinch technology and its application in practice. The paper presents an overview... exchangers away from the pinch such that the network features good temperature driving force distribution. Not only does this ensure minimum capital cost, results indi cate that such networks also demonstrate better flexibility with respect to changes...

Saboo, A.; Craw, I.; Hindmarsh, E.; Boland, D.

344

The piezoelectric sorption technique: a practical method  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE PIEZOELECTRIC SORPTION TECHNIQUE, A PRACTICAL METHOD A Thesis by EUGENE CHARLES FLIPSE Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1983...) D. Holland (Head of Department) August 1983 ABSTRACT The Piezoelectric Sorption Technique, A Practical Method. (August 1983) Eugene Charles Flipse, B. A. , Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University Chairman of Advisory Committee: Dr...

Flipse, Eugene Charles

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

345

The Impact of Extent and Location of Mediastinal Lymph Node Involvement on Survival in Stage III Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Patients Treated With Definitive Radiotherapy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: Several surgical series have identified subcarinal, contralateral, and multilevel nodal involvement as predictors of poor overall survival in patients with Stage III non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) treated with definitive resection. This retrospective study evaluates the impact of extent and location of mediastinal lymph node (LN) involvement on survival in patients with Stage III NSCLC treated with definitive radiotherapy. Methods and Materials: We analyzed 106 consecutive patients with T1-4 N2-3 Stage III NSCLC treated with definitive radiotherapy at University of Pennsylvania between January 2003 and February 2009. For this analysis, mediastinal LN stations were divided into four mutually exclusive groups: supraclavicular, ipsilateral mediastinum, contralateral mediastinum, and subcarinal. Patients' conditions were then analyzed according to the extent of involvement and location of mediastinal LN stations. Results: The majority (88%) of patients received sequential or concurrent chemotherapy. The median follow-up time for survivors was 32.6 months. By multivariable Cox modeling, chemotherapy use (hazard ratio [HR]: 0.21 [95% confidence interval (CI): 0.07-0.63]) was associated with improved overall survival. Increasing primary tumor [18F]-fluoro-2-deoxy-glucose avidity (HR: 1.11 [CI: 1.06-1.19]), and subcarinal involvement (HR: 2.29 [CI: 1.11-4.73]) were significant negative predictors of overall survival. On univariate analysis, contralateral nodal involvement (HR: 0.70 [CI: 0.33-1.47]), supraclavicular nodal involvement (HR: 0.78 [CI: 0.38-1.67]), multilevel nodal involvement (HR: 0.97 [CI: 0.58-1.61]), and tumor size (HR: 1.04 [CI: 0.94-1.14]) did not predict for overall survival. Patients with subcarinal involvement also had lower rates of 2-year nodal control (51.2% vs. 74.9%, p = 0.047) and 2-year distant control (28.4% vs. 61.2%, p = 0.043). Conclusions: These data suggest that the factors that determine oncologic outcome in Stage III NSCLC patients treated with definitive radiotherapy are distinct from those observed in patients who undergo surgical resection. The ultimate efficacy of radiation in locally advanced NSCLC is dependent on the intrinsic biology of the tumor.

Fernandes, Annemarie T. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA (United States); Mitra, Nandita [Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA (United States); Xanthopoulos, Eric [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA (United States); Evans, Tracey; Stevenson, James; Langer, Corey [Department of Medical Oncology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA (United States); Kucharczuk, John C. [Department of Thoracic Surgery, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA (United States); Lin, Lilie; Rengan, Ramesh [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA (United States)

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Property:BestPracticeActions | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

used in a best practice. Designed for use specifically with the RAPID toolkit Best Practices. Pages using the property "BestPracticeActions" Showing 3 pages using this property....

347

A windmills theoretical maximum extraction of power from the wind  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The fraction of the kinetic energy of the wind impinging on its area that a wind turbine can convert to useful power has been shown by Betz in an idealized laminar?flow model to have an upper limit of 16/27 or 59%. The limit is here simply rederived and it is shown how deviations from the idealized model involving rotational kinetic energy of the downwind stream and turbulent mixing from outside the boundaries of the idealized stream can either increase or decrease the power available. The limit is thus not a strict upper limit in practice.

David Rittenhouse Inglis

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Impact of orthorectification and spatial sampling on maximum NDVI composite data in mountain regions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Topography and accuracy of image geometric registration significantly affect the quality of satellite data, since pixels are displaced depending on surface elevation and viewing geometry. This effect should be corrected for through the process of accurate image navigation and orthorectification in order to meet the geolocation accuracy for systematic observations specified by the Global Climate Observing System (GCOS) requirements for satellite climate data records. We investigated the impact of orthorectification on the accuracy of maximum Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) composite data for a mountain region in north-western Canada at various spatial resolutions (1km, 4km, 5km, and 8km). Data from AVHRR on board NOAA-11 (1989 and 1990) and NOAA-16 (2001, 2002, and 2003) processed using a system called CAPS (Canadian AVHRR Processing System) for the month of August were considered. Results demonstrate the significant impact of orthorectification on the quality of composite NDVI data in mountainous terrain. Differences between orthorectified and non-orthorectified NDVI composites (?NDVI) adopted both large positive and negative values, with the 1% and 99% percentiles of ?NDVI at 1km resolution spanning values between ?0.16maximum NDVI composites at 1km resolution, large differences between orthorectified and non-orthorectified AVHRR data were identified at spatial scales between 4km and 10km. Validation of NOAA-16 AVHRR NDVI with MODIS NDVI composites revealed higher correlation coefficients (by up to 0.1) for orthorectified composites relative to the non-orthorectified case. Uncertainties due to the AVHRR Global Area Coverage (GAC) sampling scheme introduce an average positive bias of 0.020.03 at maximum NDVI composite level that translates into an average relative bias of 10.6%19.1 for sparsely vegetated mountain regions. This can at least partially explain the systematic average positive biases we observed relative to our results in AVHRR GAC-based composites from the Global Inventory Modeling and Mapping Studies (GIMMS) and Polar Pathfinder (PPF) datasets (0.19 and 0.05, respectively). With regard to the generation of AVHRR long-term climate data records, results suggest that orthorectification should be an integral part of AVHRR pre-processing, since neglecting the terrain displacement effect may lead to important biases and additional noise in time series at various spatial scales.

Fabio M.A. Fontana; Alexander P. Trishchenko; Konstantin V. Khlopenkov; Yi Luo; Stefan Wunderle

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Confining sets and avoiding bottleneck cases: A simple maximum independent set algorithm in degree-3 graphs  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present an O ? ( 1.083 6 n ) -time algorithm for finding a maximum independent set in an n -vertex graph with degree bounded by 3, which improves all previous running time bounds for this problem. Our approach has the following two features. Without increasing the number of reduction/branching rules to get an improved time bound, we first successfully extract the essence from the previously known reduction rules such as domination, which can be used to get simple algorithms. More formally, we introduce a procedure for computing confining sets, which unifies several known reducible subgraphs and covers new reducible subgraphs. Second we identify those instances that generate the worst recurrence among all recurrences of our branching rules as bottleneck instances and prove that bottleneck instances cannot appear consecutively after each branching operation.

Mingyu Xiao; Hiroshi Nagamochi

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Coulomb explosion effect and the maximum energy of protons accelerated by high-power lasers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The acceleration of light ions (protons) through the interaction of a high-power laser pulse with a double-layer target is theoretically studied by means of two-dimensional particle-in-cell simulations and a one-dimensional analytical model. It is shown that the maximum energy acquired by the accelerated light ions (protons) depends on the physical characteristics of a heavy-ion layer (electron-ion mass ratio and effective charge state of the ions). In our theoretical model, the hydrodynamic equations for both electron and heavy-ion species are solved and the test-particle approximation for the light ions (protons) is applied. The heavy-ion motion is found to modify the longitudinal electric field distribution, thus changing the acceleration conditions for the protons.

E. Fourkal; I. Velchev; C.-M. Ma

2005-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

351

Online Robot Dead Reckoning Localization Using Maximum Relative Entropy Optimization With Model Constraints  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The principle of Maximum relative Entropy optimization was analyzed for dead reckoning localization of a rigid body when observation data of two attached accelerometers was collected. Model constraints were derived from the relationships between the sensors. The experiment's results confirmed that accelerometers each axis' noise can be successfully filtered utilizing dependency between channels and the dependency between time series data. Dependency between channels was used for a priori calculation, and a posteriori distribution was derived utilizing dependency between time series data. There was revisited data of autocalibration experiment by removing the initial assumption that instantaneous rotation axis of a rigid body was known. Performance results confirmed that such an approach could be used for online dead reckoning localization.

Urniezius, Renaldas [Kaunas University of Technology, Kaunas (Lithuania)

2011-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

352

Maximum likelihood method to correct for missed levels based on the ?3(L) statistic  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The ?3(L) statistic of random matrix theory is defined as the average of a set of random numbers {?}, derived from a spectrum. The distribution p(?) of these random numbers is used as the basis of a maximum likelihood method to gauge the fraction x of levels missed in an experimental spectrum. The method is tested on an ensemble of depleted spectra from the Gaussian orthogonal ensemble (GOE) and accurately returned the correct fraction of missed levels. Neutron resonance data and acoustic spectra of an aluminum block were analyzed. All results were compared with an analysis based on an established expression for ?3(L) for a depleted GOE spectrum. The effects of intruder levels are examined and seen to be very similar to those of missed levels. Shell model spectra were seen to give the same p(?) as the GOE.

Declan Mulhall

2011-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

353

Netest: A Tool to Measure the Maximum Burst Size, Available Bandwidth and Achievable Throughput  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Distinguishing available bandwidth and achievable throughput is essential for improving network applications' performance. Achievable throughput is the throughput considering a number of factors such as network protocol, host speed, network path, and TCP buffer space, where as available bandwidth only considers the network path. Without understanding this difference, trying to improve network applications' performance is like ''blind men feeling the elephant'' [4]. In this paper, we define and distinguish bandwidth and throughput, and debate which part of each is achievable and which is available. Also, we introduce and discuss a new concept - Maximum Burst Size that is crucial to the network performance and bandwidth sharing. A tool, netest, is introduced to help users to determine the available bandwidth, and provides information to achieve better throughput with fairness of sharing the available bandwidth, thus reducing misuse of the network.

Jin, Guojun; Tierney, Brian

2003-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

354

Comparative analysis of structural transformations of two bituminous coals with different maximum fluidity during carbonization  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The variation of the volume of two bituminous coals with different maximum fluidity (MF) values has been determined using carbonization tests, and the quality of coke obtained has been examined using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) micrographs. The structural and chemical changes in bituminous coals at the pre-plastic stage during carbonization were studied using X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) techniques and compared to the changes in their electric and dielectric parameters. It was observed that the structural and chemical transformations occurred in the disordered phase of both coals in different ways. These differences are attributed to the different redistributions of hydrogen between the radicals generated in the aliphatic and aromatic parts of the macromolecule fragments. 42 refs., 12 figs., 2 tabs.

Valentina Zubkova; Victor Prezhdo; Andrzej Strojwas [Jan Kochanowski University, Kielce (Poland). Institute of Chemistry

2007-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

355

Maximum Achievable Control Technology for New Industrial Boilers (released in AEO2005)  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

As part of Clean Air Act 90 (CAAA90, the EPA on February 26, 2004, issued a final rulethe National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAP) to reduce emissions of hazardous air pollutants (HAPs) from industrial, commercial, and institutional boilers and process heaters. The rule requires industrial boilers and process heaters to meet limits on HAP emissions to comply with a Maximum Achievable Control Technology (MACT) floor level of control that is the minimum level such sources must meet to comply with the rule. The major HAPs to be reduced are hydrochloric acid, hydrofluoric acid, arsenic, beryllium, cadmium, and nickel. The EPA predicts that the boiler MACT rule will reduce those HAP emissions from existing sources by about 59,000 tons per year in 2005.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Is the friction angle the maximum slope of a free surface of a non cohesive material?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Starting from a symmetric triangular pile with a horizontal basis and rotating the basis in the vertical plane, we have determined the evolution of the stress distribution as a function of the basis inclination using Finite Elements method with an elastic-perfectly plastic constitutive model, defined by its friction angle, without cohesion. It is found that when the yield function is the Drucker-Prager one, stress distribution satisfying equilibrium can be found even when one of the free-surface slopes is larger than the friction angle. This means that piles with a slope larger than the friction angle can be (at least) marginally stable and that slope rotation is not always a destabilising perturbation direction. On the contrary, it is found that the slope cannot overpass the friction angle when a Mohr-Coulomb yield function is used. Theoretical explanation of these facts is given which enlightens the role plaid by the intermediate principal stress in both cases of the Mohr-Coulomb criterion and of the Drucker-Prager one. It is then argued that the Mohr-Coulomb criterion assumes a spontaneous symmetry breaking, as soon as the two smallest principal stresses are different ; this is not physical most likely; so this criterion shall be replaced by a Drucker-Prager criterion in the vicinity of the equality, which leads to the previous anomalous behaviour ; so these numerical computations enlighten the avalanche process: they show that no dynamical angle larger than the static one is needed to understand avalanching. It is in agreement with previous experimental results. Furthermore, these results show that the maximum angle of repose can be modified using cyclic rotations; we propose a procedure that allows to achieve a maximum angle of repose to be equal to the friction angle .

A. Modaressi; P. Evesque

2005-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

357

Improving the Practice of Cost Benefit Analysis in Transport...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Improving the Practice of Cost Benefit Analysis in Transport Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Improving the Practice of Cost Benefit Analysis in Transport...

358

Energy Department Releases Case Studies and Best Practices to...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Energy Department Releases Case Studies and Best Practices to Assist Innovative Energy Efficiency Programs Energy Department Releases Case Studies and Best Practices to Assist...

359

Best Management Practices for Water Efficiency | Department of...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Program Areas Water Use Reduction Best Management Practices for Water Efficiency Best Management Practices for Water Efficiency The Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP)...

360

Overview of IPR Practices for Publicly-funded Technologies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Overview of IPR Practices for Publicly-funded Technologiesrespectively. Overview of IPR Practices for Publicly-fundedintellectual property rights (IPRs) protection. Although the

Sathaye, Jayant A.; Holt, Elmer C.; De La Rue du Can, Stephane

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "maximum extent practical" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

DOE Announces Webinars on Maintenance Practices for LED Streetlights...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Maintenance Practices for LED Streetlights, LED Color Stability, and More DOE Announces Webinars on Maintenance Practices for LED Streetlights, LED Color Stability, and More April...

362

Goal Practice & Experience : Status Quo and Future for Industrial...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Goal Practice & Experience : Status Quo and Future for Industrial Scale Biomass Energy Development in China Goal Practice & Experience : Status Quo and Future for Industrial Scale...

363

ITP Metal Casting: Corrosion Testing Practices - High Alloy Corrosion...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Metal Casting: Corrosion Testing Practices - High Alloy Corrosion Program ITP Metal Casting: Corrosion Testing Practices - High Alloy Corrosion Program lehighfs.pdf More Documents...

364

Recommended Best Practices for the Characterization of Storage...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Recommended Best Practices for the Characterization of Storage Properties of Hydrogen Storage Materials Recommended Best Practices for the Characterization of Storage Properties of...

365

Best Management Practice #4: Water-Efficient Landscaping | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

4: Water-Efficient Landscaping Best Management Practice 4: Water-Efficient Landscaping Best Management Practice 4: Water-Efficient Landscaping Traditional landscapes require...

366

Best Management Practices for Water Efficiency | Department of...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Practices for Water Efficiency Best Management Practices for Water Efficiency The Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) worked with the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency...

367

Review of Beryllium Management Practices at Rocky Flats During...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Beryllium Management Practices at Rocky Flats During Closure Operations Review of Beryllium Management Practices at Rocky Flats During Closure Operations Administrative and...

368

Transformative practices : the political work of public engagement practitioners  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Participatory and deliberative democracy have attracted global attention, both as a field of research and practice. This interest reflects ongoing experimentation with ideas and practices of stakeholder governance, ...

Escobar-Rodriguez, Oliver; Escobar, Oliver

2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Energy Code Compliance and Enforcement Best Practices (Text Version...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Energy Code Compliance and Enforcement Best Practices (Text Version) Energy Code Compliance and Enforcement Best Practices (Text Version) Curtis Framel: Good afternoon, and good...

370

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Sustainable Biofuels Production Practices  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Sustainable Biofuels Sustainable Biofuels Production Practices to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Sustainable Biofuels Production Practices on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Sustainable Biofuels Production Practices on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Sustainable Biofuels Production Practices on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Sustainable Biofuels Production Practices on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Sustainable Biofuels Production Practices on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Sustainable Biofuels Production Practices on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Sustainable Biofuels Production Practices

371

Challenges for Water Quality Best Management Practices Andrew Sharpley  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Environmental Sciences, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR Agricultural Best Management Practices (BMPsChallenges for Water Quality Best Management Practices Andrew Sharpley Department of Crop, Soil

372

The Effect of Equilibrating Mounted Dental Stone Casts in Maximum Intercuspation on the Occlusal Harmony of an Indirect Restoration  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The purpose of this study was to determine if equilibration of dental stone casts mounted in maximum intercuspation can improve occlusal harmony of a cast gold restoration. A dentoform mounted on an articulator with crown preparation on tooth #19...

Benson, Peter Andrew

2013-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

373

An Eddy Parameterization Based on Maximum Entropy Production with Application to Modeling of the Arctic Ocean Circulation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An eddy parameterization derived from statistical mechanics of potential vorticity is applied for inviscid shallow-water equations. The solution of a variational problem based on the maximum entropy production (MEP) principle provides, with some ...

Igor Polyakov

2001-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Field Test Best Practices (FTBP) Update  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Field Test Best Practices (FTBP) Update: Field Test Best Practices (FTBP) Update: It's here! And we need you! Lieko Earle Dane Christensen Bethany Sparn Building America Stakeholder Meeting 2012-03-02 NATIONAL RENEWABLE ENERGY LABORATORY Identified Field Testing Needs 2 * Difficult to find good general guidelines * Difficult to find examples of good field test plans * Difficult to find information on instrumentation options * No easily-accessible central repository for best practices knowledge * Field tests were taking longer and costing more $$ than initially estimated * We keep reinventing the wheel * Start from scratch each time we write a data-logger program? * Repeat each other's mistakes? NATIONAL RENEWABLE ENERGY LABORATORY What is the FTBP Resource?

375

Policies & Practices | Argonne National Laboratory  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Policies & Practices Policies & Practices We understand that a diverse workforce has a variety of needs, so we have developed a broad set of policies and practices that support a positive work-life balance. Argonne fosters an environment that values diversity and inclusion. It's the right way to do business. It's good for people, the organization and scientific innovation. In line with these values, the lab is committed to optimizing policies and pracices that promote work-life balance, diversity and accountability in support of workforce pipeline, mentoring and leadership development. Work-Life Policies Paid Time Off Program Description Paid Vacation 15 paid vacation days per year, accrued at the rate of 1.25 days per month Paid Holidays 10 paid holidays per year, including one floating holiday to be used at employee's discretion

376

State Clean Energy Practices: Renewable Portfolio Standards  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

State Clean Energy Practices: State Clean Energy Practices: Renewable Portfolio Standards David Hurlbut Technical Report NREL/TP-670-43512 July 2008 NREL is operated by Midwest Research Institute ● Battelle Contract No. DE-AC36-99-GO10337 State Clean Energy Practices: Renewable Portfolio Standards David Hurlbut Prepared under Task No. IGST.8300 Technical Report NREL/TP-670-43512 July 2008 National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole Boulevard, Golden, Colorado 80401-3393 303-275-3000 * www.nrel.gov Operated for the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy by Midwest Research Institute * Battelle Contract No. DE-AC36-99-GO10337 NOTICE This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States government.

377

[DRAFT] DECLARATION OF BEST PRACTICES FOR  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

DECLARATION OF BEST PRACTICES FOR DECLARATION OF BEST PRACTICES FOR UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA OMBUDS OFFICES Table of Contents I. Introduction and Background II. Purpose and Scope of the Ombuds Offices III. Standards of Practice and Code of Ethics A. Independence B. Confidentiality C. Neutrality D. Informality IV. Authority and Limits of the Ombuds Offices A. Authority of the Ombuds Offices B. Limitations on Authority of the Ombuds Offices 1. Receiving Notice for the University 2. Collective Bargaining Agreements 3. Formal Processes and Investigations 4. Record Keeping 5. Advocacy for Parties 6. Adjudication of Issues 7. Conflict of Interest V. Retaliation for Using the Ombuds Office VI. Office Structure VII. Procedures for Revisions and Amendment of this Document Appendix A University of California Ombuds Offices Websites

378

Water Conservation Best Practices | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Water Conservation Best Practices Water Conservation Best Practices Water Conservation Best Practices October 24, 2013 - 2:35pm Addthis Federal sites across the country are incorporating water efficiency measures as part of their overall comprehensive UESC projects. As it becomes more difficult to secure internal funding for efficiency projects, working with your local utility can be a very effective way to implement a comprehensive program that incorporates water efficiency measures. Why Water Conservation? The rising cost of water and sewer services is one reason sites should include water efficiency measures as part of their overall efficiency program. The General Services Administration (GSA) water and sewer rates have increased, on average, by 23% between 1993 and 1999. In the GSA Rocky

379

Laser Code of Practice November 2011 Code of Practice for Working  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Laser Code of Practice November 2011 1 Code of Practice for Working Safely with Lasers #12;Laser What? ... 05 8. Organisation of Laser Safety ... 07 Appendices 1. Getting Started ... 08 2. Laser Risk Assessment (Forms LRA1, LRA2 & LSW1) ... 11 3. Laser Safety Information Folder ... 20 4. Ocular Accident

Doran, Simon J.

380

Pace Environmental Law Review Online Companion Issue 1 Practically Grounded: Best Practices for Skill  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Pace Environmental Law Review Online Companion Volume 2 Issue 1 Practically Grounded: Best Practices for Skill Building in Teaching Land Use, Environmental, and Sustainable Development Law Summer been accepted for inclusion in Pace Environmental Law Review Online Companion by an authorized

Rissman, Adena

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "maximum extent practical" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

A Practical Primer to LED Technology  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

2011 LED Transformations, LLC 2011 LED Transformations, LLC 1 LED Lighting: A Practical Overview DOE Project Management Workshop March 15, 2011 Dr. John W. Curran, President, LED Transformations, LLC On behalf of the U.S. Department of Energy ©2011 LED Transformations, LLC 2 Learning Objectives LED Lighting: A Practical Overview 1. Critical differences between SSL and other lighting technologies 2. Understanding the effect of thermal management on product lifetime 3. How to distinguish good from poor SSL products and applications Residence, Kapalua, HI ©2011 LED Transformations, LLC 3 Copyright Materials This presentation is protected by US and International copyright laws. Reproduction, distribution, display and use of the presentation without

382

Best Practices in Existing Building Commissioning  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

OCTOBER 20-21, 2010 OCTOBER 20-21, 2010 RAPID CITY, SD Best Practices in Existing Building Commissioning Carl E. Lundstrom, P. E., CCP Federal Solutions Manager E M C Engineers, Inc. - Subsidiary of Eaton Corporation * The Purpose & Benefits of Existing Building Commissioning (EBCx) * The Building Commissioning Association (BCA) & "Best Practices" * Contracting & Hiring Qualified Providers * Typical Measures & Ideal Facilities * Success Factors Presentation Agenda What is The Building Commissioning Association? Integrity Leadership Quality Expertise  International non-profit organization (founded in 1998)  Recognized commissioning authority and resource  Commissioning providers, building owners, energy companies, facility managers, architects, engineers, and contractors

383

Commission on Energy Efficiency Standards and Practices  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Final Report to the Governor Final Report to the Governor and the Iowa General Assembly Submitted in Compliance with Iowa Code Section 103A.27 January1, 2011 Commission on Energy Efficiency Standards and Practices Commission on Energy Efficiency Standards and Practices 2 Table of Contents Commission Members page 3 Executive Summary page 4 Summary of Recommendations page 5 Legislative Overview page 12 Profile on Iowa's Energy Usage page 14 Commission Proceedings page 15 Recommendations Energy Code Adoption & Compliance page 20 Financing & Incentives page 25 Training and Education page 29 Licensing and Certification page 31 Additional Energy Efficiency Recommendations page 32

384

Guide to good practices for operations turnover  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This Guide to Good Practices is written to enhance understanding of, and provide direction for, Operations Turnover, Chapter XII of Department of Energy (DOE) Order 5480.19, ``Conduct of Operations Requirements for DOE Facilities``. The practices in this guide should be considered when planning or reviewing operations turnover programs. Contractors are advised to adopt procedures that meet the intent of DOE Order 5480.19. ``Operations Turnover`` is an element of an effective Conduct of Operations program. The complexity and array of activities performed in DOE facilities dictate the necessity for a formal operations turnover program to promote safe and efficient operations.

Not Available

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Guide to good practices for communications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This Guide to Good Practices is written to enhance understanding of, and provide direction for, Communications, Chapter 4 of Department of Energy (DOE) Order 5480.19, Conduct of Operations Requirements for DOE Facilities. The practices in this guide should be considered when planning or reviewing communication programs. Contractors are advised to adopt procedures that meet the intent of DOE Order 5480.19. ``Communications`` is an element of an effective Conduct of Operations program. The complexity and array of activities performed in DOE facilities dictate the necessity for high reliability in communications to promote safe and efficient operations.

NONE

1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Guide to good practices for logkeeping  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This Guide to Good Practices is written to enhance understanding of, and provide direction for, Logkeeping, Chapter XI of Department of Energy (DOE) Order 5480.19, Conduct of Operations Requirements for DOE Facilities. The practices in this guide should be considered when planning or reviewing logkeeping programs. Contractors are advised to adopt procedures that meet the intent of DOE Order 5480.19. Logkeeping is an element of an effective Conduct of Operations program. The complexity and array of activities performed in DOE facilities dictate the need for a consistent logkeeping program to promote safe and efficient operations.

NONE

1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Guide to good practices for independent verification  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This Guide to Good Practices is written to enhance understanding of, and provide direction for, Independent Verification, Chapter X of Department of Energy (DOE) Order 5480.19, ``Conduct of Operations Requirements for DOE Facilities.`` The practices in this guide should be considered when planning or reviewing independent verification activities. Contractors are advised to adopt procedures that meet the intent of DOE Order 5480.19. ``Independent Verification`` is an element of an effective Conduct of Operations program. The complexity and array of activities performed in DOE facilities dictate the necessity for coordinated independent verification activities to promote safe and efficient operations.

Not Available

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Guide to good practices for independent verification  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This Guide to Good Practices is written to enhance understanding of, and provide direction for, Independent Verification, Chapter X of Department of Energy (DOE) Order 5480.19, Conduct of Operations Requirements for DOE Facilities.'' The practices in this guide should be considered when planning or reviewing independent verification activities. Contractors are advised to adopt procedures that meet the intent of DOE Order 5480.19. Independent Verification'' is an element of an effective Conduct of Operations program. The complexity and array of activities performed in DOE facilities dictate the necessity for coordinated independent verification activities to promote safe and efficient operations.

Not Available

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Guide to good practices for operations turnover  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This Guide to Good Practices is written to enhance understanding of, and provide direction for, Operations Turnover, Chapter XII of Department of Energy (DOE) Order 5480.19, Conduct of Operations Requirements for DOE Facilities''. The practices in this guide should be considered when planning or reviewing operations turnover programs. Contractors are advised to adopt procedures that meet the intent of DOE Order 5480.19. Operations Turnover'' is an element of an effective Conduct of Operations program. The complexity and array of activities performed in DOE facilities dictate the necessity for a formal operations turnover program to promote safe and efficient operations.

Not Available

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Guide to good practices for operations turnover  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This Guide to Good Practices is written to enhance understanding of, and provide direction for, Operations Turnover, Chapter XII of Department of Energy (DOE) Order 5480.19, Conduct of Operations Requirements for DOE Facilities. The practices in this guide should be considered when planning or reviewing operations turnover programs. Contractors are advised to adopt procedures that meet the intent of DOE Order 5480.19. Operations Turnover is an element of an effective Conduct of Operations program. The complexity and array of activities performed in DOE facilities dictate the necessity for a formal operations turnover program to promote safe and efficient operations.

NONE

1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Guide to good practices for independent verification  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This Guide to Good Practices is written to enhance understanding of, and provide direction for, Independent Verification, Chapter X of Department of Energy (DOE) Order 5480.19, Conduct of Operations Requirements for DOE Facilities. The practices in this guide should be considered when planning or reviewing independent verification activities. Contractors are advised to adopt procedures that meet the intent of DOE Order 5480.19. Independent Verification is an element of an effective Conduct of Operations program. The complexity and array of activities performed in DOE facilities dictate the necessity for coordinated independent verification activities to promote safe and efficient operations.

NONE

1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Conflict and Catastrophe Medicine: A Practical Guide  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Field handbooks abound for every conceivable medical specialty, and Conflict and Catastrophe Medicine: A Practical Guide could easily fill this role for relief medicine. But what is special about this work is not its relatively brief medical section. It does include a first-aid manual of sorts, dealing... Field handbooks abound for every conceivable medical specialty, and Conflict and Catastrophe Medicine: A Practical Guide could easily fill this role for relief medicine. But what is special about this work is not its relatively brief medical section. It ...

Newton R.S.

2003-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

393

Geothermal Exploration Best Practices Webinar Presentation Now Available  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Presentation slides from the April 11, 2012 Geothermal Exploration Best Practices webinar are now available.

394

Health Physics Practices and Experience at Duke Power Company  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Technical Paper / Radiation Protection and Health Physics Practices and Experience in Operating Reactors Internationally / Nuclear Safety

Lionel Lewis

395

X-ray Practicals Series 1 Advanced Data Reduction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

X-ray Practicals Series 1 Advanced Data Reduction Instructor J. Reibenspies, Ph. D. Nattamai Bhuvanesh, Ph.D. Version 1.0.0 #12;X-ray Practicals Series 2 #12;X-ray Practicals Series 3 #12;X-ray is good. The y direction is shifting the most, but the shift is ok #12;X-ray Practicals Series 5 Other

Meagher, Mary

396

FEMP Best Practices and Lessons Learned for Federal Agency ESPC...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

FEMP Best Practices and Lessons Learned for Federal Agency ESPC Projects Contents 1. Introduction ......

397

Structure of Turbulence in Katabatic Flows below and above the Wind-Speed Maximum  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Measurements of small-scale turbulence made over the complex-terrain atmospheric boundary layer during the MATERHORN Program are used to describe the structure of turbulence in katabatic flows. Turbulent and mean meteorological data were continuously measured at multiple levels at four towers deployed along the East lower slope (2-4 deg) of Granite Mountain. The multi-level observations made during a 30-day long MATERHORN-Fall field campaign in September-October 2012 allowed studying of temporal and spatial structure of katabatic flows in detail, and herein we report turbulence and their variations in katabatic winds. Observed vertical profiles show steep gradients near the surface, but in the layer above the slope jet the vertical variability is smaller. It is found that the vertical (normal to the slope) momentum flux and horizontal (along the slope) heat flux in a slope-following coordinate system change their sign below and above the wind maximum of a katabatic flow. The vertical momentum flux is directed...

Grachev, Andrey A; Di Sabatino, Silvana; Fernando, Harindra J S; Pardyjak, Eric R; Fairall, Christopher W

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Parametric study on maximum transportable distance and cost for thermal energy transportation using various coolants  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The operation temperature of advanced nuclear reactors is generally higher than commercial light water reactors and thermal energy from advanced nuclear reactor can be used for various purposes such as district heating, desalination, hydrogen production and other process heat applications, etc. The process heat industry/facilities will be located outside the nuclear island due to safety measures. This thermal energy from the reactor has to be transported a fair distance. In this study, analytical analysis was conducted to identify the maximum distance that thermal energy could be transported using various coolants such as molten-salts, helium and water by varying the pipe diameter and mass flow rate. The cost required to transport each coolant was also analyzed. The coolants analyzed are molten salts (such as: KClMgCl2, LiF-NaF-KF (FLiNaK) and KF-ZrF4), helium and water. Fluoride salts are superior because of better heat transport characteristics but chloride salts are most economical for higher temperature transportation purposes. For lower temperature water is a possible alternative when compared with He, because low pressure He requires higher pumping power which makes the process very inefficient and economically not viable for both low and high temperature application.

Su-Jong Yoon; Piyush Sabharwall

2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Occurrence of high-speed solar wind streams over the Grand Modern Maximum  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the declining phase of the solar cycle, when the new-polarity fields of the solar poles are strengthened by the transport of same-signed magnetic flux from lower latitudes, the polar coronal holes expand and form non-axisymmetric extensions toward the solar equator. These extensions enhance the occurrence of high-speed solar wind streams (HSS) and related co-rotating interaction regions in the low-latitude heliosphere, and cause moderate, recurrent geomagnetic activity in the near-Earth space. Here, using a novel definition of geomagnetic activity at high (polar cap) latitudes and the longest record of magnetic observations at a polar cap station, we calculate the annually averaged solar wind speeds as proxies for the effective annual occurrence of HSS over the whole Grand Modern Maximum (GMM) from 1920s onwards. We find that a period of high annual speeds (frequent occurrence of HSS) occurs in the declining phase of each solar cycle 16-23. For most cycles the HSS activity clearly maximizes during one year...

Mursula, Kalevi; Holappa, Lauri

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Depth of Maximum of Air-Shower Profiles at the Pierre Auger Observatory: Composition Implications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Using the data taken at the Pierre Auger Observatory between December 2004 and December 2012, we have examined the implications of the distributions of depths of atmospheric shower maximum (Xmax), using a hybrid technique, for composition and hadronic interaction models. We do this by fitting the distributions with predictions from a variety of hadronic interaction models for variations in the composition of the primary cosmic rays and examining the quality of the fit. Regardless of what interaction model is assumed, we find that our data are not well described by a mix of protons and iron nuclei over most of the energy range. Acceptable fits can be obtained when intermediate masses are included, and when this is done consistent results for the proton and iron-nuclei contributions can be found using the available models. We observe a strong energy dependence of the resulting proton fractions, and find no support from any of the models for a significant contribution from iron nuclei. However, we also observe a...

,

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "maximum extent practical" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Maximum Reasonable Radioxenon Releases from Medical Isotope Production Facilities and Their Effect on Monitoring Nuclear Explosions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Fission gases such as 133Xe are used extensively for monitoring the world for signs of nuclear testing in systems such as the International Monitoring System (IMS). These gases are also produced by nuclear reactors and by fission production of 99Mo for medical use. Recently, medical isotope production facilities have been identified as the major contributor to the background of radioactive xenon isotopes (radioxenon) in the atmosphere (Saey, et al., 2009). These releases pose a potential future problem for monitoring nuclear explosions if not addressed. As a starting point, a maximum acceptable daily xenon emission rate was calculated, that is both scientifically defendable as not adversely affecting the IMS, but also consistent with what is possible to achieve in an operational environment. This study concludes that an emission of 5109 Bq/day from a medical isotope production facility would be both an acceptable upper limit from the perspective of minimal impact to monitoring stations, but also appears to be an achievable limit for large isotope producers.

Bowyer, Ted W. [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Kephart, Rosara F.; Eslinger, Paul W. [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Friese, Judah I. [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Miley, Harry S. [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Saey, Paul R. [Vienna University of Technology, Atomic Institute of the Austrian Universities, Vienna (Austria)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Thermal properties for the thermal-hydraulics analyses of the BR2 maximum nominal heat flux.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This memo describes the assumptions and references used in determining the thermal properties for the various materials used in the BR2 HEU (93% enriched in {sup 235}U) to LEU (19.75% enriched in {sup 235}U) conversion feasibility analysis. More specifically, this memo focuses on the materials contained within the pressure vessel (PV), i.e., the materials that are most relevant to the study of impact of the change of fuel from HEU to LEU. This section is regrouping all of the thermal property tables. Section 2 provides a summary of the thermal properties in form of tables while the following sections present the justification of these values. Section 3 presents a brief background on the approach used to evaluate the thermal properties of the dispersion fuel meat and specific heat capacity. Sections 4 to 7 discuss the material properties for the following materials: (i) aluminum, (ii) dispersion fuel meat (UAlx-Al and U-7Mo-Al), (iii) beryllium, and (iv) stainless steel. Section 8 discusses the impact of irradiation on material properties. Section 9 summarizes the material properties for typical operating temperatures. Appendix A elaborates on how to calculate dispersed phase's volume fraction. Appendix B shows the evolution of the BR2 maximum heat flux with burnup.

Dionne, B.; Kim, Y. S.; Hofman, G. L. (Nuclear Engineering Division) [Nuclear Engineering Division

2011-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

403

The wind potential impact on the maximum wind energy penetration in autonomous electrical grids  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

According to long-term wind speed measurements the Aegean Archipelago possesses excellent wind potential, hence properly designed wind energy applications can substantially contribute to fulfill the energy requirements of the island societies. On top of this, in most islands the electricity production cost is extremely high, while significant insufficient power supply problems are often encountered, especially during the summer. Unfortunately, the stochastic behaviour of the wind and the important fluctuations of daily and seasonal electricity load pose a strict penetration limit for the contribution of wind energy in the corresponding load demand. The application of this limit is necessary in order to avoid hazardous electricity grid fluctuations and to protect the existing thermal power units from operating near or below their technical minima. In this context, the main target of the proposed study is to present an integrated methodology able to estimate the maximum wind energy penetration in autonomous electrical grids on the basis of the available wind potential existing in the Aegean Archipelago area. For this purpose a large number of representative wind potential types have been investigated and interesting conclusions have been derived.

J.K. Kaldellis

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Global Best Practice in Renewable Energy Policy Making Workshop | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Global Best Practice in Renewable Energy Policy Making Workshop Global Best Practice in Renewable Energy Policy Making Workshop (Redirected from Global Best Practice in Renewable Energy Policy Making) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Global Best Practice in Renewable Energy Policy Making Agency/Company /Organization: International Energy Agency Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy, Solar, Wind Topics: Policies/deployment programs Resource Type: Workshop, Lessons learned/best practices Website: www.iea.org/work/workshopdetail.asp?WS_ID=318 Global Best Practice in Renewable Energy Policy Making Screenshot References: Global Policy Best Practices[1] Logo: Global Best Practice in Renewable Energy Policy Making References ↑ "Global Policy Best Practices" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Global_Best_Practice_in_Renewable_Energy_Policy_Making_Workshop&oldid=328724"

405

Recommended Practice: Defense-in-Depth  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Report # INL/EXT-06-11478 Report # INL/EXT-06-11478 Control Systems Cyber Security: Defense in Depth Strategies May 2006 Prepared by Idaho National Laboratory Recommended Best Practice: Defense in Depth 2 Table of Contents Keywords............................................................................................................................. 3 Introduction......................................................................................................................... 3 Background ......................................................................................................................... 3 Overview of Contemporary Control System Architectures................................................. 4 Security Challenges in Control Systems .............................................................................

406

Practical Solar, Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Practical Solar, Inc Practical Solar, Inc Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Practical Solar, Inc Name Practical Solar, Inc Address 516 E. 2nd Street, Unit 18 Place Boston, Massachusetts Zip 02127 Sector Solar Product HE500 Heliostat System Year founded 2004 Number of employees 1-10 Phone number 617-464-1770 Website http://www.practicalsolar.com/ Coordinates 42.3375°, -71.0421° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42.3375,"lon":-71.0421,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

407

NETL: Carbon Storage Best Practices Manuals  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Best Practices Manuals Best Practices Manuals Developing best practices - or reliable and consistent standards and operational characteristics for CO2 collection, injection and storage - is essential for providing the basis for a legal and regulatory framework and encouraging widespread global CCS deployment. The lessons learned during the Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnerships' (RCSP) Validation Phase small-scale field tests are being utilized to generate a series of Best Practices Manuals (BPMs) that serve as the basis for the design and implementation of both large-scale field tests and commercial carbon capture and storage (CCS) projects. NETL has released six BPMS: NETL's "Monitoring, Verification, and Accounting (MVA) of CO2 Stored in Deep Geologic Formations - 2012 Update" BPM provides an overview of MVA techniques that are currently in use or are being developed; summarizes DOE's MVA R&D program; and presents information that can be used by regulatory organizations, project developers, and policymakers to ensure the safety and efficacy of carbon storage projects.

408

Reducing Health Disparities: From Theory to Practice  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...cancer and heart disease risk factors (unhealthy diet...health and unhealthy risk profile among African-Americans...31) . Lack of health insurance also contributes to increased...diverse races with similar insurance (Medicare and Medicaid...activism is another form of political action practiced by many...

Deborah Prothrow-Stith; Brian Gibbs; and Autumn Allen

2003-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

NASA/TM2009215726 Formally Verified Practical  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NASA/TM­2009­215726 Formally Verified Practical Algorithms For Recovery From Loss of Separation of Aerospace, Hampton, Virginia June 2009 #12;The NASA STI Program Office . . . in Profile Since its founding, NASA has been dedicated to the advancement of aeronautics and space science. The NASA Scientific

Butler, Ricky W.

410

Toward Practical Aerodynamic Design Through Numerical Optimization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Toward Practical Aerodynamic Design Through Numerical Optimization David W. Zingg, and Laura6, Canada A Newton-Krylov algorithm for aerodynamic optimization is applied to the multipoint design aerodynamic design. I. Introduction Beginning with the work of Hicks et al.1 and Hicks and Henne,2 numerical

Zingg, David W.

411

Business Practice Manual for Definitions & Acronyms  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Janaury 21, 2011 #12;CAISO Business Practice Manual BPM for Definitions & Acronyms Version 76 Last Revised: March 31, 2009 BPM Owner: Mike Dozier BPM Owner's Title: Senior Counsel Revision History Version Date Description 2 2009-12-18 Incorporating payment acceleration language submitted in BPM PRR 122

Tesfatsion, Leigh

412

Technical Knowledge Dissemination in -Foundation and Practice -  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Technical Knowledge Dissemination in Industries - Foundation and Practice - Mamoru Ohta* , Masahiko}@ei.sanken.osaka-u.ac.jp Abstract Because the lifetime employment system is disappearing in Japan, "knowledge transfer" is becoming a more significant issue in industry. Knowledge-based systems will support the knowledge transference

Mizoguchi, Riichiro

413

DEA 6250: Collaborative Sustainable Building Practice  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This course is designed to respond to one of the biggest barriers to the transformation of the building sector from current business-as-usual mode towards sustainable practice, i.e. the complex stakeholder structure and the fragmented delivery value chain in the building sector.

414

Safety Case Development: Current Practice, Future Prospects  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Safety Case Development: Current Practice, Future Prospects S P Wilson, T P Kelly, J A McDermid HISE Group, Department of Computer Science, University of York York, England Abstract Safety-critical and safety-related systems are becoming more highly integrated and continue to increase in complexity

Kelly, Tim

415

Practical Attacks on Proximity Identification Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DEFCON ­ eavesdropped RFID at 20 m Confusion ?? RFID type Definition of distances Experimental setup skimming) Relay Attacks Practical Attacks on Proximity Identification Systems ­ p. #12;"Proximity from distance dE Further considerations dRT , Reader Token communication dTR, Token Reader

Hancke, Gerhard

416

Context modeling: task model and practice model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Contextual Graphs are a context-based formalism used in various real-world applications. They allow a uniform representation of elements of reasoning and of contexts for describing different human tasks such as troubleshooting and interpretation. A contextual ... Keywords: activity, contextual graphs, procedures and practices, reasoning, task

Patrick Brzillon

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

IT Project Management Practices Guide Page 1 of 83 ASU, HSC, TTU, TTUS IT Project Management Practices Guide  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IT Project Management Practices Guide Page 1 of 83 ASU, HSC, TTU, TTUS IT Project Management Practices Guide Introduction The IT Project Management Practices Guide (Guide) contains a repeatable and deployment projects. These project management (PM) practices are transferable to other types of projects

Rock, Chris

418

Current internal-dosimetry practices at US Department of Energy facilities  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The internal dosimetry practice at DOE facilities were characterized. The purpose was to determine the size of the facilities' internal dosimetry programs, the uniformity of the programs among the facilities, and the areas of greatest concern to health physicists in providing and reporting accurate estimates of internal radiation dose and in meeting proposed changes in internal dosimetry. The differences among the internal-dosimetry programs are related to the radioelements in use at each facility and, to some extent, the number of workers at each facility. The differences include different frequencies in the use of quality control samples, different minimum detection levels, different methods of recording radionuclides, different amounts of data recorded in the permanent record, and apparent differences in modeling the metabolism of radionuclides within the body. Recommendations for improving internal-dosimetry practices include studying the relationship between air-monitoring/survey readings and bioassay data, establishing uniform methods for recording bioassay results, developing more sensitive direct-bioassay procedures, establishing a mechanism for sharing information on internal-dosimetry procedures among DOE facilities, and developing mathematical models and interactive computer codes that can help quantify the uptake of radioactive materials and predict their distribution in the body. 19 refs., 8 tabs.

Traub, R.J.; Murphy, B.L.; Selby, J.M.; Vallario, E.J.

1985-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

How are Practices Made to Vary? Managing Practice Adaptation in a Multinational Corporation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Review 5 adapted resembles or deviates in kind from the features of the previous version of the practice (true or distant) and is related to the scope and meaning of the practice. Meaning can be changed through hybridization where adopters combine... and provided a forum to facilitate and capture learning, thereby providing the infrastructure to cumulate experiences and to integrate them into the central tools and methodologies of ACE. First, ACE Council, consisting of UTC business unit leaders, played...

Ansari, Shaz; Reinecke, Juliane; Spaan, Amy

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Global Best Practice in Renewable Energy Policy Making Workshop | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Global Best Practice in Renewable Energy Policy Making Workshop Global Best Practice in Renewable Energy Policy Making Workshop Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Global Best Practice in Renewable Energy Policy Making Agency/Company /Organization: International Energy Agency Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy, Solar, Wind Topics: Policies/deployment programs Resource Type: Workshop, Lessons learned/best practices Website: www.iea.org/work/workshopdetail.asp?WS_ID=318 Global Best Practice in Renewable Energy Policy Making Screenshot References: Global Policy Best Practices[1] Logo: Global Best Practice in Renewable Energy Policy Making References ↑ "Global Policy Best Practices" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Global_Best_Practice_in_Renewable_Energy_Policy_Making_Workshop&oldid=328724

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "maximum extent practical" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Evaluation of a photovoltaic energy mechatronics system with a built-in quadratic maximum power point tracking algorithm  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The historically high cost of crude oil price is stimulating research into solar (green) energy as an alternative energy source. In general, applications with large solar energy output require a maximum power point tracking (MPPT) algorithm to optimize the power generated by the photovoltaic effect. This work aims to provide a stand-alone solution for solar energy applications by integrating a DC/DC buck converter to a newly developed quadratic MPPT algorithm along with its appropriate software and hardware. The quadratic MPPT method utilizes three previously used duty cycles with their corresponding power outputs. It approaches the maximum value by using a second order polynomial formula, which converges faster than the existing MPPT algorithm. The hardware implementation takes advantage of the real-time controller system from National Instruments, USA. Experimental results have shown that the proposed solar mechatronics system can correctly and effectively track the maximum power point without any difficulties. (author)

Chao, R.M.; Ko, S.H.; Lin, I.H. [Department of Systems and Naval Mechatronics Engineering, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan 701 (China); Pai, F.S. [Department of Electronic Engineering, National University of Tainan (China); Chang, C.C. [Department of Environment and Energy, National University of Tainan (China)

2009-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

422

JGI - Data Management Policy, Practices & Resources  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Data Management Policy, Practices & Resources Data Management Policy, Practices & Resources Data Management Policy In keeping with its role as a federally-funded User Facility, it is the DOE JGI's explicit policy to make the data it produces during the conduct of user projects (primarily but not exclusively its Community Sequencing Program, CSP) available to the broad scientific community as rapidly as possible and in accordance with DOE Office of Science policies. The DOE JGI serves raw and processed data to users through its individual genome project data portals (accessed through the Project List, http://genome.jgi.doe.gov/) as well as its several comparative genomics platforms (Phytozome, MycoCosm and IMG). The DOE JGI provides permanent local archiving of these data in addition to depositing raw data,

423

RCx Insights and Best Practices from Utilities  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Insights and Best Practices from Insights and Best Practices from Utilities Ryan Stoianowski Senior Program Manager, ComEd A PECI EVENT 18 th National Conference on Building Commissioning Learning Objectives 1. ComEd's RCx Program and all its flavors 2. Case studies for Museum, Hospital, and Office 3. Program design changes and lessons learned 4. Anticipated future direction of the program AIA Quality Assurance A PECI EVENT 18 th National Conference on Building Commissioning Smart Ideas Background  What is the Smart Ideas Program? * Provides incentives for energy efficient upgrades and incentives * Part of Illinois energy legislation passed in 2007 * Program implemented by ComEd, Ameren Illinois, and the Illinois Department of Commerce and Economic Opportunity

424

Risk management practices in global manufacturing investment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the company of devout bring to a man.(NITI SHATAKAM of Bhartrihari, Sanskrit Poet, 6th Century) ii ABSTRACT This thesis explores risk management practices in global manufacturing investment. It reflects the growing internationalisation of manufacturing... (Narula & Dunning, 2000). Many academic publications and global institutions reports reflect this an increase in globalisation. UNCTAD reports the positive impact of globalisation across the world. This report states the difference in per capita...

Kumar, Mukesh

2010-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

425

Homemakers' Practices and Satisfactions with Clothing.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

' Practices and Satisfactions with Clothing M OME ECONOMISTS AND SOCIAL SCIENTISTS have long been interested in the manner in which individuals evaluate clothing items. The evaluation is necessarily made in terms of the whole man, that is, his.... BUYING CONSULTANTS Homemakers were asked: "If you needed to m;~kc a choice between 2 or more dresses or other (.lothin; when buying, who would you like to consult before mak- sultation. A homemaker who would consult her husband ing your decision...

Bathke, Carol Sander.; Burson, L. Sharon (Linda Sharon)

1964-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Eliminating the Renormalization Scale Ambiguity for Top-Pair Production Using the Principle of Maximum Conformality  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The uncertainty in setting the renormalization scale in finite-order perturbative QCD predictions using standard methods substantially reduces the precision of tests of the Standard Model in collider experiments. It is conventional to choose a typical momentum transfer of the process as the renormalization scale and take an arbitrary range to estimate the uncertainty in the QCD prediction. However, predictions using this procedure depend on the choice of renormalization scheme, leave a non-convergent renormalon perturbative series, and moreover, one obtains incorrect results when applied to QED processes. In contrast, if one fixes the renormalization scale using the Principle of Maximum Conformality (PMC), all non-conformal {l_brace}{beta}{sub i}{r_brace}-terms in the perturbative expansion series are summed into the running coupling, and one obtains a unique, scale-fixed, scheme-independent prediction at any finite order. The PMC renormalization scale {mu}{sub R}{sup PMC} and the resulting finite-order PMC prediction are both to high accuracy independent of choice of the initial renormalization scale {mu}{sub R}{sup init}, consistent with renormalization group invariance. Moreover, after PMC scale-setting, the n!-growth of the pQCD expansion is eliminated. Even the residual scale-dependence at fixed order due to unknown higher-order {l_brace}{beta}{sub i}{r_brace}-terms is substantially suppressed. As an application, we apply the PMC procedure to obtain NNLO predictions for the t{bar t}-pair hadroproduction cross-section at the Tevatron and LHC colliders. There are no renormalization scale or scheme uncertainties, thus greatly improving the precision of the QCD prediction. The PMC prediction for {sigma}{sub t{bar t}} is larger in magnitude in comparison with the conventional scale-setting method, and it agrees well with the present Tevatron and LHC data. We also verify that the initial scale-independence of the PMC prediction is satisfied to high accuracy at the NNLO level: the total cross-section remains almost unchanged even when taking very disparate initial scales {mu}{sub R}{sup init} equal to m{sub t}, 20 m{sub t}, {radical}s.

Brodsky, Stanley J.; /SLAC; Wu, Xing-Gang; /Chongqing U.

2012-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

427

Federal Energy Management Program: Best Management Practice: Information  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Information and Education Programs to someone by E-mail Information and Education Programs to someone by E-mail Share Federal Energy Management Program: Best Management Practice: Information and Education Programs on Facebook Tweet about Federal Energy Management Program: Best Management Practice: Information and Education Programs on Twitter Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Best Management Practice: Information and Education Programs on Google Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Best Management Practice: Information and Education Programs on Delicious Rank Federal Energy Management Program: Best Management Practice: Information and Education Programs on Digg Find More places to share Federal Energy Management Program: Best Management Practice: Information and Education Programs on AddThis.com...

428

Federal Energy Management Program: Best Management Practice: Cooling Tower  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Cooling Tower Management to someone by E-mail Cooling Tower Management to someone by E-mail Share Federal Energy Management Program: Best Management Practice: Cooling Tower Management on Facebook Tweet about Federal Energy Management Program: Best Management Practice: Cooling Tower Management on Twitter Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Best Management Practice: Cooling Tower Management on Google Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Best Management Practice: Cooling Tower Management on Delicious Rank Federal Energy Management Program: Best Management Practice: Cooling Tower Management on Digg Find More places to share Federal Energy Management Program: Best Management Practice: Cooling Tower Management on AddThis.com... Sustainable Buildings & Campuses Operations & Maintenance

429

Federal Energy Management Program: Best Management Practice: Commercial  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Commercial Kitchen Equipment to someone by E-mail Commercial Kitchen Equipment to someone by E-mail Share Federal Energy Management Program: Best Management Practice: Commercial Kitchen Equipment on Facebook Tweet about Federal Energy Management Program: Best Management Practice: Commercial Kitchen Equipment on Twitter Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Best Management Practice: Commercial Kitchen Equipment on Google Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Best Management Practice: Commercial Kitchen Equipment on Delicious Rank Federal Energy Management Program: Best Management Practice: Commercial Kitchen Equipment on Digg Find More places to share Federal Energy Management Program: Best Management Practice: Commercial Kitchen Equipment on AddThis.com... Sustainable Buildings & Campuses

430

World Bank Good Practice Guidelines: Financial Analysis of Revenue  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Good Practice Guidelines: Financial Analysis of Revenue Good Practice Guidelines: Financial Analysis of Revenue Generating-Entities Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: World Bank Good Practice Guidelines: Financial Analysis of Revenue Generating-Entities Agency/Company /Organization: World Bank Topics: Finance Resource Type: Guide/manual Website: siteresources.worldbank.org/INTRANETFINANCIALMGMT/Resources/FMB-Notes/ References: World Bank Good Practice Guidelines: Financial Analysis of Revenue Generating-Entities[1] References ↑ "World Bank Good Practice Guidelines: Financial Analysis of Revenue Generating-Entities" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=World_Bank_Good_Practice_Guidelines:_Financial_Analysis_of_Revenue_Generating-Entities&oldid=329414"

431

Federal Energy Management Program: Best Management Practice: Alternate  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Alternate Water Sources to someone by E-mail Alternate Water Sources to someone by E-mail Share Federal Energy Management Program: Best Management Practice: Alternate Water Sources on Facebook Tweet about Federal Energy Management Program: Best Management Practice: Alternate Water Sources on Twitter Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Best Management Practice: Alternate Water Sources on Google Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Best Management Practice: Alternate Water Sources on Delicious Rank Federal Energy Management Program: Best Management Practice: Alternate Water Sources on Digg Find More places to share Federal Energy Management Program: Best Management Practice: Alternate Water Sources on AddThis.com... Sustainable Buildings & Campuses Operations & Maintenance Greenhouse Gases

432

Federal Energy Management Program: Best Management Practice: Water  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Water Management Planning to someone by E-mail Water Management Planning to someone by E-mail Share Federal Energy Management Program: Best Management Practice: Water Management Planning on Facebook Tweet about Federal Energy Management Program: Best Management Practice: Water Management Planning on Twitter Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Best Management Practice: Water Management Planning on Google Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Best Management Practice: Water Management Planning on Delicious Rank Federal Energy Management Program: Best Management Practice: Water Management Planning on Digg Find More places to share Federal Energy Management Program: Best Management Practice: Water Management Planning on AddThis.com... Sustainable Buildings & Campuses Operations & Maintenance

433

Improved maximum cooling by optimizing the geometry of thermoelectric leg elements Yan Zhang, Zhixi Bian and Ali Shakouri*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in improving the thermoelectric efficiency and maximum cooling mainly focuses on improving materials' figure , power factor; , thermal conductivity. Bi2Te3 has been the most popular thermoelectric material at room a high power factor. Most of the recent research on thermoelectrics focuses on improving the material

434

Compendium of US Policy Best Practices | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Compendium of US Policy Best Practices Compendium of US Policy Best Practices Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Compendium of US Policy Best Practices Agency/Company /Organization: Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Partnership Sector: Energy Focus Area: Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy Topics: Policies/deployment programs Resource Type: Lessons learned/best practices Website: www.reeep.org/16672/compendium-of-best-practices.htm References: REEEP Compendium of U.S. Best Practices[1] "The Compendium of Best Practices gives concrete examples of how US states and cities are successfully promoting energy efficiency and renewable energy . It is the culmination of a process of extensive outreach, data gathering, and analysis conducted to identify the best practices, and

435

New Course Teaches Best Practices for Water Management for Federal...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

New Course Teaches Best Practices for Water Management for Federal Facilities New Course Teaches Best Practices for Water Management for Federal Facilities May 8, 2014 - 11:13am...

436

Policy Transfer of Innovative Sustainability Principles and Practices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Policy Transfer of Innovative Sustainability Principles and Practices: The Whistler, British) Report No.: 574 Title of Thesis: Policy transfer of innovative sustainability principles and practices;v Abstract This study examines how innovative policies that seek to embed sustainability principles

437

ALEX JOHN LONDON THE INDEPENDENCE OF PRACTICAL ETHICS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ALEX JOHN LONDON THE INDEPENDENCE OF PRACTICAL ETHICS ABSTRACT. After criticizing three common conceptions of the relationship between practical ethics and ethical theory, an alternative modeled on Aristotle's conception of the relationship between rhetoric and philosophical ethics is explored

Spirtes, Peter

438

Cooperative Education --Curricular Practical Training Academic Advisor's Recommendation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cooperative Education -- Curricular Practical Training Academic Advisor's Recommendation: __________________________________ Academic Advisor's Certification: I hereby certify that I have read the job offer letter and consider recommend the student for Curricular Practical Training. Please check one: As the student's Faculty Advisor

Buehrer, R. Michael

439

A Practical Model for Mobile, Residual, and Entrapped NAPL in...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

A Practical Model for Mobile, Residual, and Entrapped NAPL in Water-Wet Porous Media. A Practical Model for Mobile, Residual, and Entrapped NAPL in Water-Wet Porous Media....

440

Event Registration Form International Good Manufacturing Practices Conference -#71683  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Event Registration Form International Good Manufacturing Practices Conference - #71683 03 No Total $______ Please specify any additional dietary restrictions or allergies-884-1419 -- Credit Card Only Mail: International Good Manufacturing Practices Conference ­ #71683 The Georgia Center

Arnold, Jonathan

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "maximum extent practical" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Perceived Readiness for Practice of Senior Baccalaureate Nursing Students  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

experiences. This mixed method study examined the psychometric properties of a readiness for practice tool, and explored the effects of a clinical internship experience on the perception of readiness for practice of 483 senior baccalaureate nursing students...

Reagor, Janet

2010-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

442

Principles vs. Practices in Undergraduate Microelectronic Systems Education  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract: The ideal new hire should be strong in fundamental principles and contemporary engineering practices. With the complexity of CAD tools increasing rapidly care should be taken to not over-emphasize practices. Basic principles must not be sacrificed ...

Bradley S. Carlson 1

2001-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

AIG Global Alternative Energy Practice | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AIG Global Alternative Energy Practice AIG Global Alternative Energy Practice Jump to: navigation, search Name AIG Global Alternative Energy Practice Place New York, New York Zip 10038 Sector Renewable Energy Product Practice to service the insurance, risk management and loss control needs of US-based renewable energy clients. References AIG Global Alternative Energy Practice[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. AIG Global Alternative Energy Practice is a company located in New York, New York . References ↑ "AIG Global Alternative Energy Practice" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=AIG_Global_Alternative_Energy_Practice&oldid=341930" Categories:

444

Operations & Maintenance Best Practices Guide: Release 3.0  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Guide covers version 3.0 of the Operations and Maintenance Best Practices: A Guide to Achieving Operational Efficiency.

445

"Where's the State?" Practicing the Past in Beirut, Lebanon  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

meaning of place, momentary instantiations of a practical sense that attempts to produce social order but does

Hamdan, Ali Nehme

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Best Practices in Literature Research for the 10-Year Extreme Wind Update at the DOE Pantex Site  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Best Practices in Literature Review Best Practices in Literature Review for the 10 Year Extreme Wind Update at the DOE Pantex Site Presented by October 26, 2011 DOE Standards * DOE O 420.1 - Basis of Requirements * DOE 1020 - Soon to be updated * Development of several ANS consensus codes have replaced several older DOE standards New DOE 1020 for Wind NPH Analysis and Design Process * Step 1: Establish performance requirements for SSCs * Step 2: Calculate maximum NPH demands on SSCs resulting from NPH Events * Step 3: Design of SSCs to ensure their ability to maintain required functionality ANSI/ANS - 2.3 - 2011 Scope Establishes guidelines to estimate the frequency of occurrence and the magnitude of parameters associated with rare meteorological events such as tornadoes, hurricanes, and extreme

447

Best Practices: Elements of a Federal Privacy Program  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Best Practices: Best Practices: Elements of a Federal Privacy Program Version 1.0 Sponsored By: Federal CIO Council Privacy Committee June 2010 Best Practices: Elements of a Federal Privacy Program June 2010 Page i Contents Acknowledgements __________________________________________________________________ ii Purpose ____________________________________________________________________________ 1 Introduction: Privacy Stewardship and Governance _________________________________________ 3 Element 1 -Leadership ________________________________________________________________ 6 Element 2 - Privacy Risk Management and Compliance Documentation _________________________ 9 Element 3 - Information Security _______________________________________________________ 14

448

Copyright ! 2009 200902-Social Networking for Sustainable Building Practices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Copyright ! 2009 200902- Social Networking for Sustainable Building Practices CIFE TAC 2009 1 Social Networking for Sustainable Building Practices CIFE Proposal 200902 PIs: Mike Lepech, Martin Building Practices CIFE TAC 2009 2 The big idea The design, construction, and operation, of buildings

Lepech, Michael D.

449

A Collaborative Learning Design Environment to Integrate Practice and Learning  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to integrate organizational activities to solve practical problem with intel lect of type A, and learningA Collaborative Learning Design Environment to Integrate Practice and Learning based@jaist.ac.jp Abstract. The integration of practice and learning is a key to cultivation of or ganizational capability

Mizoguchi, Riichiro

450

ORNL/TM-2004/91 MEASUREMENT PRACTICES FOR RELIABILITY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

;#12;1. Introduction and Discussion of the Measurement "Toolkit" This report provides a distribution reliabilityORNL/TM-2004/91 MEASUREMENT PRACTICES FOR RELIABILITY AND POWER QUALITY A TOOLKIT OF RELIABILITY MEASUREMENT PRACTICES June 2004 #12;#12;ORNL/TM-2004/91 MEASUREMENT PRACTICES FOR RELIABILITY AND POWER

Oak Ridge National Laboratory

451

Substation reliability -- Practical application and system approach  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Practical application of reliability analysis was made for the comparison of alternate line and bus arrangements of a future transmission substation with potential savings of up to $3.6 M. The paper describes how both the substation and the power system were simulated by using computer programs STAREL and COMREL. It presents the method used to obtain the most accurate estimates for the outage data of the system components. Finally, it expresses the results with simple reliability indices which can be meaningful for management. The results of the study show the need to include the reliability of the transmission system in a substation reliability evaluation.

Save, P. [Southern California Edison Co., Rosemead, CA (United States)] [Southern California Edison Co., Rosemead, CA (United States)

1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Substation reliability -- Practical application and system approach  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Practical application of reliability analysis was made for the comparison of alternate line and bus arrangements of a future transmission substation with potential savings of up to 53.6 M. The paper describes how both the substation and the power system were simulated by using computer programs STAREL and COMREL. It presents the method used to obtain the most accurate estimates for the outage data of the system components. Finally, it expresses the results with simple reliability indices which can be meaningful for management. The results of the study show the need to include the reliability of the transmission system in a substation reliability evaluation.

Save, P. [Southern California Edison Co., Rosemead, CA (United States)

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

453

Sound Coiled-Tubing Drilling Practices  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This Coiled-Tubing Drilling (CTD) Sound Practices Manual provides tools needed by CTD engineers and supervisors to plan, design and perform safe, successful CTD operations. As emphasized throughout, both careful planning and attention to detail are mandatory for success. A bibliography of many useful CTD references is presented in Chapter 6. This manual is organized according to three processes: 1) Pre-Job Planning Process, 2) Operations Execution Process, and 3) Post-Job Review Process. Each is discussed in a logical and sequential format.

Williams, Thomas; Deskins, Greg (Maurer Technology Inc.); Ward, Stephen L. (Advantage Energy Services Ltd); Hightower, Mel

2001-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

454

Best Practices Guide for High-Performance Indian Office Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the maximum energy and cost benefits. Also, planning process, energy and cost efficiencies can achieve large energy and cost benefits throughout

Singh, Reshma

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Practical fast gate rate InGaAs/InP single-photon avalanche photodiodes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a practical and easy-to-implement method for high-speed near infrared single-photon detection based on InGaAs/InP single-photon avalanche photodiodes (SPADs), combining aspects of both sine gating and self-differencing techniques. At a gating frequency of 921 MHz and temperature of -30 $^{\\circ}$C we achieve: a detection efficiency of 9.3 %, a dark count probability of 2.8$\\times10^{-6}$ ns$^{-1}$, while the afterpulse probability is 1.6$\\times10^{-4}$ ns$^{-1}$, with a 10 ns "count-off time" setting. In principle, the maximum count rate of the SPAD can approach 100 MHz, which can significantly improve the performance for diverse applications.

Jun Zhang; Rob Thew; Claudio Barreiro; Hugo Zbinden

2009-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

456

Practical limits to the power that can be captured from ocean waves by oscillating bodies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The maximum average power that can be captured from ocean waves by an idealised and unconstrained oscillating body depends on two hydrodynamic properties: the wave radiation pattern and the radiation resistance (also called added damping or wave damping coefficient). These properties depend on the body geometry and the mode of oscillation. For such unconstrained motion the limits of absorbed power are well described. Power bounds due to physical restrictions like limited volume stroke or machinery stroke length has also received some attention, but has not been sufficiently explored. This paper looks at such physical bounds to the achievable absorbed power. It is done by physical reasoning leading to analytical expressions for the upper bounds, treating heave, surge and pitch motions separately. It is shown how size, oscillation mode and volume stroke of the oscillating body inherently influence the absorption ability. Furthermore, implications for the practical and economical design of wave energy are identified and discussed.

Jrgen Hals Todalshaug

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Solar Ready: An Overview of Implementation Practices  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report explores three mechanisms for encouraging solar ready building design and construction: solar ready legislation, certification programs for solar ready design and construction, and stakeholder education. These methods are not mutually exclusive, and all, if implemented well, could contribute to more solar ready construction. Solar ready itself does not reduce energy use or create clean energy. Nevertheless, solar ready building practices are needed to reach the full potential of solar deployment. Without forethought on incorporating solar into design, buildings may be incompatible with solar due to roof structure or excessive shading. In these cases, retrofitting the roof or removing shading elements is cost prohibitive. Furthermore, higher up-front costs due to structural adaptations and production losses caused by less than optimal roof orientation, roof equipment, or shading will lengthen payback periods, making solar more expensive. With millions of new buildings constructed each year in the United States, solar ready can remove installation barriers and increase the potential for widespread solar adoption. There are many approaches to promoting solar ready, including solar ready legislation, certification programs, and education of stakeholders. Federal, state, and local governments have the potential to implement programs that encourage solar ready and in turn reduce barriers to solar deployment. With the guidance in this document and the examples of jurisdictions and organizations already working to promote solar ready building practices, federal, state, and local governments can guide the market toward solar ready implementation.

Watson, A.; Guidice, L.; Lisell, L.; Doris, L.; Busche, S.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Software Configuration Management (SCM) A Practical Guide | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Software Configuration Management (SCM) A Practical Guide Software Configuration Management (SCM) A Practical Guide Software Configuration Management (SCM) A Practical Guide This document provides a practical guide for integrating software configuration management disciplines into the management of software engineering projects. Software configuration management is the process of identifying and defining the software configuration items in a system, controlling the release and change of these items throughout the system lifecycle, recording and reporting the status of configuration items and change requests, and verifying the completeness and correctness of configuration items Software Configuration Management (SCM) A Practical Guide More Documents & Publications NMMSS Software Quality Assurance Plan SOFTWARE QUALITY & SYSTEMS ENGINEERING PROGRAM: Software Configuration

459

Environmentally and Economically Beneficial Practices on Federal Landscaped  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Environmentally and Economically Beneficial Practices on Federal Environmentally and Economically Beneficial Practices on Federal Landscaped Grounds Environmentally and Economically Beneficial Practices on Federal Landscaped Grounds This Environmental Protection Agency report contains recommendations for a series of environmental actions, including those to increase environmental and economically beneficial landscaping practices at Federal facilities and federally funded projects. Environmentally and Economically Beneficial Practices on Federal Landscaped Grounds More Documents & Publications Pollution Prevention - Environmental Impact Reduction Checklists for NEPA/309 Reviewers Memorandum to Heads of Federal Departments and Agencies Regarding Pollution Prevention and the National Environmental Policy Act EIS-0488: EPA Notice of Availability of Draft Environmental Impact

460

Environmentally and Economically Beneficial Practices on Federal Landscaped  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Environmentally and Economically Beneficial Practices on Federal Environmentally and Economically Beneficial Practices on Federal Landscaped Grounds Environmentally and Economically Beneficial Practices on Federal Landscaped Grounds This Environmental Protection Agency report contains recommendations for a series of environmental actions, including those to increase environmental and economically beneficial landscaping practices at Federal facilities and federally funded projects. Environmentally and Economically Beneficial Practices on Federal Landscaped Grounds More Documents & Publications Pollution Prevention - Environmental Impact Reduction Checklists for NEPA/309 Reviewers Memorandum to Heads of Federal Departments and Agencies Regarding Pollution Prevention and the National Environmental Policy Act Executive Order 13148-Greening the Government Through Leadership in

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "maximum extent practical" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Building Technologies Office: Field Test Best Practices Website  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Field Test Best Field Test Best Practices Website to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Field Test Best Practices Website on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Field Test Best Practices Website on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Field Test Best Practices Website on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Field Test Best Practices Website on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Field Test Best Practices Website on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Field Test Best Practices Website on AddThis.com... About Take Action to Save Energy Partner With DOE Activities Solar Decathlon Building America Research Innovations Research Tools Building Science Education Climate-Specific Guidance Solution Center

462

Operations and Maintenance Best Practices Guide | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Operations and Maintenance Best Practices Guide Operations and Maintenance Best Practices Guide Operations and Maintenance Best Practices Guide October 7, 2013 - 9:56am Addthis The Federal Energy Management Program's Operations and Maintenance (O&M) Best Practices Guide outlines best practices to help Federal agencies implement effective O&M for systems and equipment found at their facilities. Following these best practices can help agencies gain management buy-in for O&M programs and save an estimated 5% to 20% on energy bills without a significant capital investment. Depending on the facility, these savings can represent thousands to hundreds-of-thousands of dollars each year. Read the Operations and Maintenance (O&M) Best Practices Guide: Release 3.0. See individual chapters: Front Matter

463

Soliant Energy formerly Practical Instruments Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Soliant Energy formerly Practical Instruments Inc Soliant Energy formerly Practical Instruments Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name Soliant Energy (formerly Practical Instruments Inc) Place Pasadena, California Zip 91107 Product US-based designer and manufacturer of concentraing PV silicon modules, with tracking systems. Aims for the rooftop market. References Soliant Energy (formerly Practical Instruments Inc)[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Soliant Energy (formerly Practical Instruments Inc) is a company located in Pasadena, California . References ↑ "Soliant Energy (formerly Practical Instruments Inc)" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Soliant_Energy_formerly_Practical_Instruments_Inc&oldid=351479"

464

IREC Renewable Energy Training Best Practices and Recommended Guidelines |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

IREC Renewable Energy Training Best Practices and Recommended Guidelines IREC Renewable Energy Training Best Practices and Recommended Guidelines Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: IREC Renewable Energy Training Best Practices and Recommended Guidelines Agency/Company /Organization: Interstate Renewable Energy Council Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy Resource Type: Guide/manual, Training materials, Lessons learned/best practices Website: irecusa.org/wp-content/uploads/2009/10/BestPracticesFormatted2010Final IREC Renewable Energy Training Best Practices and Recommended Guidelines Screenshot References: IREC Renewable Energy Training Best Practices and Recommended Guidelines[1] Overview "The framework for creating a strong workforce for the renewable energy industries is built on a multiprong approach that connects labor market

465

Room at the Mountain: Estimated Maximum Amounts of Commercial Spent Nuclear Fuel Capable of Disposal in a Yucca Mountain Repository  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this paper is to present an initial analysis of the maximum amount of commercial spent nuclear fuel (CSNF) that could be emplaced into a geological repository at Yucca Mountain. This analysis identifies and uses programmatic, material, and geological constraints and factors that affect this estimation of maximum amount of CSNF for disposal. The conclusion of this initial analysis is that the current legislative limit on Yucca Mountain disposal capacity, 63,000 MTHM of CSNF, is a small fraction of the available physical capacity of the Yucca Mountain system assuming the current high-temperature operating mode (HTOM) design. EPRI is confident that at least four times the legislative limit for CSNF ({approx}260,000 MTHM) can be emplaced in the Yucca Mountain system. It is possible that with additional site characterization, upwards of nine times the legislative limit ({approx}570,000 MTHM) could be emplaced. (authors)

Kessler, John H. [Electric Power Research Institute - EPRI, 3420 Hillview Avenue, Palo Alto, California 94304 (United States); Kemeny, John [University of Arizona, Tucson AZ 85721 (United States); King, Fraser [Integrity Corrosion Consulting, Ltd., 6732 Silverview Drive NW, Calgary, Alberta (Canada); Ross, Alan M. [Alan M. Ross and Associates, 1061 Gray Fox Circle Pleasanton, CA 94566 (Canada); Ross, Benjamen [Disposal Safety, Inc., Bethesda, MD 20814 (United States)

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

1 Microsoft's Top 10 Business Practices for Environmentally Sustainable Datacenters Microsoft's Top 10 Business Practices for  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

outcomes include: Using information technology (IT) to improve energy efficiency; Accelerating--along with Microsoft's commitment to share best practices with the rest of the datacenter industry--this paper presents incentives to datacenter managers, not just for uptime, but also for improving energy efficiency as measured

Chaudhuri, Surajit

467

Practical 3(a): Case Studies in Poisson Regression Practical 3(a): Case Studies in Poisson  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

randomised to 6 different schools #12;Practical 3(a): Case Studies in Poisson Regression Outline questions: Shaper et al. (1988, Lancet) describe a cohort study of a random sample of 7729 middle-aged British men-economic background Interventions: Control (3), Oral health education (1), Enrichment of the school diet with rice

Boehning, Dankmar

468

Compact stars with a small electric charge: the limiting radius to mass relation and the maximum mass for incompressible matter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

One of the stiffest equations of state for matter in a compact star is constant energy density and this generates the interior Schwarzschild radius to mass relation and the Misner maximum mass for relativistic compact stars. If dark matter populates the interior of stars, and this matter is supersymmetric or of some other type, some of it possessing a tiny electric charge, there is the possibility that highly compact stars can trap a small but non-negligible electric charge. In this case the radius to mass relation for such compact stars should get modifications. We use an analytical scheme to investigate the limiting radius to mass relation and the maximum mass of relativistic stars made of an incompressible fluid with a small electric charge. The investigation is carried out by using the hydrostatic equilibrium equation, i.e., the Tolman-Oppenheimer-Volkoff (TOV) equation, together with the other equations of structure, with the further hypothesis that the charge distribution is proportional to the energy density. The approach relies on Volkoff and Misner's method to solve the TOV equation. For zero charge one gets the interior Schwarzschild limit, and supposing incompressible boson or fermion matter with constituents with masses of the order of the neutron mass one gets that the maximum mass is the Misner mass. For a small electric charge, our analytical approximating scheme valid in first order in the star's electric charge, shows that the maximum mass increases relatively to the uncharged case, whereas the minimum possible radius decreases, an expected effect since the new field is repulsive aiding the pressure to sustain the star against gravitational collapse.

Jos P. S. Lemos; Francisco J. Lopes; Gonalo Quinta; Vilson T. Zanchin

2015-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

469

Energy Audit Practices in China: National and Local Experiences and Issues  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

energy-efficiency information and best practices. This358) and best practices on energy efficiency improvement ?best practices. Keywords: China, Industrial Energy Efficiency,

Shen, Bo

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Analysis and Practices of Energy Benchmarking for Industry from the Perspective of Systems Engineering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and improving energy efficiency based on best practices isimprove energy efficiency based on best practices in theenergy efficiency of the plant or sector based on best practice [

Ke, Jing

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Development of a methodology to evaluate probable maximum precipitation (PMP) under changing climate conditions: Application to southern Quebec, Canada  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Summary Climate change (CC) needs to be accounted for in the estimation of probable maximum floods (PMFs). However, there does not exist a unique way to estimate \\{PMFs\\} and, furthermore the challenge in estimating them is that they should neither be underestimated for safety reasons nor overestimated for economical ones. By estimating \\{PMFs\\} without accounting for CC, the risk of underestimation could be high for Quebec, Canada, since future climate simulations indicate that in all likelihood extreme precipitation events will intensify. In this paper, simulation outputs from the Canadian Regional Climate Model (CRCM) are used to develop a methodology to estimate probable maximum precipitations (PMPs) while accounting for changing climate conditions for the southern region of the Province of Quebec, Canada. The Knogami and Yamaska watersheds are herein of particular interest, since dam failures could lead to major downstream impacts. Precipitable water (w) represents one of the key variables in the estimation process of PMPs. Results of stationary tests indicate that CC will not only affect precipitation and temperature but also the monthly maximum precipitable water, wmax, and the ensuing maximization ratio used for the estimation of PMPs. An up-to-date computational method is developed to maximize w using a non-stationary frequency analysis, and then calculate the maximization ratios. The ratios estimated this way are deemed reliable since they rarely exceed threshold values set for Quebec, and, therefore, provide consistent PMP estimates. The results show an overall significant increase of the \\{PMPs\\} throughout the current century compared to the recent past.

Alain N. Rousseau; Iris M. Klein; Daphn Freudiger; Patrick Gagnon; Anne Frigon; Claudie Ratt-Fortin

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Science parks: practical and successful cases  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Stanford University experience in California, which became the foundation for the Silicon Valley, was not rooted in any particular economic theory. Indeed, the originators of these and related concepts of economic development for the entire northern California region were engineers, not economists, urban planners or politicians. But that was in the 1950s. From these practical experiences, economic theory developed (see ''Science Parks theory and background''). What the founders of science parks foresaw, however, was the need to link basic and theoretical research to the real world that is, the world of commerce, trade and business. This link was good for R&D and was equally good for the placement of students directly into industry. And in many cases, the students formed their own firms and hence become ''self-employed''. Today, science parks are seen as a solution to the complex problems of economic development, under-employment, job creation, corporate downsizing, and new business development. Thus, science parks receive considerable attention and financial support from local, regional and national governments. Over the decades, research, technology, industrial and science parks were established close to universities in various US cities as well as in other industrialised nations. For the most part, theory followed or mimicked practice. As a report from Twente University in Holland put it, ''The knowledge-intensive entrepreneurship flourishing in the Twente region did not develop as the result of a master plan. Nobody ever sat down and plotted out how it would all come together. The Twente Concept is the result of an organic development process - not a ''revolution'', but an ''evolution'' - that retained everything that was good and discarded what was wrong''. It is precisely this issue of economic development that will be explored in this paper. The hypothesis is made that we now know enough about economic and business development to formulate a theoretical perspective on science parks. With that understanding, we can, therefore, explore and formulate strategies, plans and policies on how research and development can be converted into new businesses, support and assist entrepreneurship, provide programs that connect regional economic development while being concerned for the environment, and expand networks into international collaborations. This paper explores all the commercialisation of new technologies and provides some guidance into the further practical levels of business creation and therefore economic development for regions and communities.

Woodrow W. Clark Jr.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

RAIL ROUTING PRACTICES AND PROPOSED ALTERNATIVES  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

"Strawman" Report: "Strawman" Report: RAIL ROUTING PRACTICES AND PROPOSED ALTERNATIVES Number Section Comment Response RTG-1-AAR SECTION II Safeguards Routing Regulations, Para. 2 The NRC has identified five types of route characteristics that receive special consideration when NRC staff review routes for approval pursuant to 10 CFR 73: (1) routes through highly populated areas; (2) routes that would place the shipment or escort vehicle in a significantly disadvantageous position (for example, tunnels which would prevent the escort vehicle from maintaining continuous surveillance of the shipment vehicle); [Note this assumes a highway chase vehicle for rail. We expect security for rail shipments to be on the train with the shipment, and not a chase vehicle. Chase vehicles has their own inherent

474

Incentivizing Distributed Solar: Best Practices (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The presentation discussed findings of a recent NREL technical report on best practices for designing and implementing incentives for small and mid-sized residential and commercial distributed solar energy projects. Topics covered included: factors to consider in setting and modifying incentive levels over time, differentiating incentives to encourage various market segments, and administrative issues such as providing equitable access to incentives and customer protection. In addition, the presentation explored how incentive programs can be designed to respond to changing market conditions while attempting to provide a longer-term and stable environment for the solar industry. The findings of the report were based on interviews with program administrators, regulators, and industry representatives as well as data from numerous incentive programs nationally, particularly the largest and longest-running programs.

Bird, L.; Reger, A.

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Regular application of LCA in industrial practice  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The methodology of Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) has proved to be suitable to support industrial decision making in several case studies. Nevertheless, the regular application of LCA in industrial practice is still uncommon. The major reason for this is constituted by the extensive demand of Life Cycle Inventory (LCI) data from the product life cycle, which is needed for the regular execution of LCA studies. In order to enable a better integration of LCA in industrial decision making, this article outlines a concept for the use of data from Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) Systems for the calculation of LCI on a regular basis. The developed concept supports a regular publication of environmental product declarations based on ISO/TR 14025 (Type III).

Hans-Jorg Bullinger; Gunnar Jurgens

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Green CSR practices: a European approach  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In their business strategy, companies incorporate their concerns on global environmental problems by setting their principles on sustainability with CSR. An in depth analysis will provide a general view of how European companies express their environmental concerns through green management. A comparative content analysis of European companies is conducted in order to find the similarities or differences between the different European enterprises. Issues like recycling, environmental awareness, restoration of abandoned places like quarrying, energy conservation, environmental education, green buildings, appliance of environmental indexes are some of the CSR activities that companies adopt in order to disclose the company's environmental policy. The result of this research will reveal the key elements needed for a successful green CSR practice.

Theodore Metaxas; Maria Tsavdaridou

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

MODEL UPDATING: TRANSITION FROM RESEARCH TO PRACTICE?  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This session offers an open forum to discuss issues associated with the transition of nearly two decades of engineering research into computational guided model updating into industry state-of-the-practice. Related technical issues are the model updating technology, model reduction, test-analysis correlation and optimization strategies. The session is organized as follows. Technical presentations review the state-of-the-art in finite element model updating and present examples of industrial applications. The results of a recent survey on the potential and usefulness of the model updating technology are discussed. Panel discussions and interaction with the audience discuss industrial needs, future trends and challenges and why negative model updating results are never discussed within the structural dynamics community.

D. C. ZIMMERMAN; F. M. HEMEZ

2000-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Survey of radiologic practices among dental practitioners  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this study was to determine the factors that influence and contribute to patient exposure in radiologic procedures performed in the offices of 132 staff members within the dental department of a teaching hospital. A questionnaire was prepared in which data were requested on brands of film used, type of x-ray unit used, processing, and use of leaded apron, cervical shield, and film holder. Offices were also visited to evaluate performance of existing dental x-ray equipment. Both the Dental Radiographic Normalizing and Monitoring Device and the Dental Quality Control Test Tool were evaluated. The average exposure was equivalent to the class D film (220 mR), but only 13% of those surveyed used the faster class E film, which would reduce patient exposure in half. The survey indicates that dentists are not using the newer low-exposure class E film in their practices.

Goren, A.D.; Sciubba, J.J.; Friedman, R.; Malamud, H. (Long Island Jewish Medical Center, New Hyde Park, NY (USA))

1989-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Chapter 17: Estimating Net Savings: Common Practices  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This chapter focuses on the methods used to estimate net energy savings in evaluation, measurement, and verification (EM&V) studies for energy efficiency (EE) programs. The chapter provides a definition of net savings, which remains an unsettled topic both within the EE evaluation community and across the broader public policy evaluation community, particularly in the context of attribution of savings to particular program. The chapter differs from the measure-specific Uniform Methods Project (UMP) chapters in both its approach and work product. Unlike other UMP resources that provide recommended protocols for determining gross energy savings, this chapter describes and compares the current industry practices for determining net energy savings, but does not prescribe particular methods.

Violette, D. M.; Rathbun, P.

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Dealing in practice with hot-spots  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The hot-spot phenomenon is a relatively frequent problem occurring in current photovoltaic generators. It entails both a risk for the photovoltaic module's lifetime and a decrease in its operational efficiency. Nevertheless, there is still a lack of widely accepted procedures for dealing with them in practice. This paper presents the IES-UPM observations on 200 affected modules. Visual and infrared inspection, electroluminescence, peak power and operating voltage tests have been accomplished. Hot-spot observation procedures and well defined acceptance and rejection criteria are proposed, addressing both the lifetime and the operational efficiency of the modules. The operating voltage has come out as the best parameter to control effective efficiency losses for the affected modules. This procedure is oriented to its possible application in contractual frameworks.

Moretn, Rodrigo; Leloux, Jonathan; Carrillo, Jos Manuel

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "maximum extent practical" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Primer on tritium safe handling practices  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This Primer is designed for use by operations and maintenance personnel to improve their knowledge of tritium safe handling practices. It is applicable to many job classifications and can be used as a reference for classroom work or for self-study. It is presented in general terms for use throughout the DOE Complex. After reading it, one should be able to: describe methods of measuring airborne tritium concentration; list types of protective clothing effective against tritium uptake from surface and airborne contamination; name two methods of reducing the body dose after a tritium uptake; describe the most common method for determining amount of tritium uptake in the body; describe steps to take following an accidental release of airborne tritium; describe the damage to metals that results from absorption of tritium; explain how washing hands or showering in cold water helps reduce tritium uptake; and describe how tritium exchanges with normal hydrogen in water and hydrocarbons.

Not Available

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

Guide to good practices for continuing training  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this Guide to Good Practices for Continuing Training is to provide contractor training organizations with information and methods useful in the development and implementation of a continuing training program. DOE Order 5480.18A, ``Accreditation of Performance-Based Training for Category A Reactors and Nuclear Facilities,`` and DOE Order 5480.20, ``Personnel Selection, Qualification and Training Requirements at DOE Reactor and Non-reactor Nuclear Facilities`` Chapter 1, Paragraph 7, require each facility to design and implement a continuing training program. Continuing training is necessary to ensure that facility personnel continually improve their ability to operate and maintain their facility in a safe and reliable manner. Continuing training also should enhance the professionalism of these individuals and should make them aware of the possible consequences of misoperation.

Not Available

1993-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

Performance Assessment Community of Practice Technical Exchange  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

May 24th TIME EDT TITLE/EVENT PRESENTER 1:00 - 5:00 pm Steering Committee Meeting Day 2 Wednesday, May 25th Click here to view the live Webcast. Click here to ask the presenter a question. TIME EDT TITLE/EVENT PRESENTER 7:30 - 8:00 am Registration 8:00 - 9:00 am Welcome and Introductory Presentations PA CoP Status and Plans Martin Letourneau (US DOE EM-41) Status of Other PA-Related Activities Roger Seitz (SRNL) 9:00 - 9:45 am DOE, NRC and EPA Developments EM-41 Activities and PA Implications Martin Letourneau Discussion 9:45 - 10:00 am Break 10:00 - 11:15 am DOE, NRC and EPA Developments (Continued) NRC Part 61 Update and PA Implications David Esh (NRC) EPA Modeling Community of Practice/ISCMEM Gene Whelan (EPA) 11:15 am- Noon Discussion

484

Audio feedback design: principles and emerging practice  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper considers the design of audio feedback as experienced in several faculties of a UK university and as identified in the literature. Several adaptable models are presented, including: 'personal tutor monologue' recorded at the PC by the tutor as part of the marking process; 'personal feedback conversations', recorded by the tutor or student(s) in the lab or studio to capture project discussions or studio 'crits'; 'broadcast feedback' targeted at large groups; 'peer audio feedback', in which students learn as they assess each other's work; 'tutor conversations', a 'common room conversation' approach designed to model critical thinking; and 'personal audio interventions', targeted at individuals to address emerging issues. The methods are introduced and evaluated according to their potential to formatively affect learning. Audio feedback design factors are outlined and practical recommendations are offered. The paper concludes that the use of audio feedback can promote a culture of dialogic engagement.

Andrew Middleton; Anne Nortcliffe

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

Federal Energy Management Program: Best Management Practice: Laboratory and  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Laboratory and Medical Equipment to someone by E-mail Laboratory and Medical Equipment to someone by E-mail Share Federal Energy Management Program: Best Management Practice: Laboratory and Medical Equipment on Facebook Tweet about Federal Energy Management Program: Best Management Practice: Laboratory and Medical Equipment on Twitter Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Best Management Practice: Laboratory and Medical Equipment on Google Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Best Management Practice: Laboratory and Medical Equipment on Delicious Rank Federal Energy Management Program: Best Management Practice: Laboratory and Medical Equipment on Digg Find More places to share Federal Energy Management Program: Best Management Practice: Laboratory and Medical Equipment on AddThis.com... Sustainable Buildings & Campuses

486

World Bank Good Practice Guidelines: Financial Analysis of Revenue  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Practice Guidelines: Financial Analysis of Revenue Practice Guidelines: Financial Analysis of Revenue Generating-Entities (Redirected from General Renewable Energy-Economic and Financial Analysis) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: World Bank Good Practice Guidelines: Financial Analysis of Revenue Generating-Entities Agency/Company /Organization: World Bank Topics: Finance Resource Type: Guide/manual Website: siteresources.worldbank.org/INTRANETFINANCIALMGMT/Resources/FMB-Notes/ References: World Bank Good Practice Guidelines: Financial Analysis of Revenue Generating-Entities[1] References ↑ "World Bank Good Practice Guidelines: Financial Analysis of Revenue Generating-Entities" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=World_Bank_Good_Practice_Guidelines:_Financial_Analysis_of_Revenue_Generating-Entities&oldid=329414

487

Federal Energy Management Program: Best Management Practice: Toilets and  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Toilets and Urinals to someone by E-mail Toilets and Urinals to someone by E-mail Share Federal Energy Management Program: Best Management Practice: Toilets and Urinals on Facebook Tweet about Federal Energy Management Program: Best Management Practice: Toilets and Urinals on Twitter Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Best Management Practice: Toilets and Urinals on Google Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Best Management Practice: Toilets and Urinals on Delicious Rank Federal Energy Management Program: Best Management Practice: Toilets and Urinals on Digg Find More places to share Federal Energy Management Program: Best Management Practice: Toilets and Urinals on AddThis.com... Sustainable Buildings & Campuses Operations & Maintenance Greenhouse Gases Water Efficiency Basics

488

Concentrating Solar Power: Best Practices Handbook for the Collection and  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Concentrating Solar Power: Best Practices Handbook for the Collection and Concentrating Solar Power: Best Practices Handbook for the Collection and Use of Solar Resource Data Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Concentrating Solar Power: Best Practices Handbook for the Collection and Use of Solar Resource Data Agency/Company /Organization: National Renewable Energy Laboratory Sector: Energy Focus Area: Solar Topics: Resource assessment, Technology characterizations Resource Type: Dataset, Guide/manual, Lessons learned/best practices Website: www.nrel.gov/docs/fy10osti/47465.pdf Concentrating Solar Power: Best Practices Handbook for the Collection and Use of Solar Resource Data Screenshot References: CSP Guide[1] Logo: Concentrating Solar Power: Best Practices Handbook for the Collection and Use of Solar Resource Data

489

APFED-Good Practice Database | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

APFED-Good Practice Database APFED-Good Practice Database Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: APFED-Good Practice Database Agency/Company /Organization: Asia-Pacific Forum for Environment and Development (APFED) Sector: Climate, Energy, Land, Water Focus Area: Renewable Energy, Agriculture, Economic Development, Energy Efficiency, Forestry, Land Use, Water Conservation Topics: Policies/deployment programs Resource Type: Dataset, Lessons learned/best practices User Interface: Website Website: www.apfed.net/ki/database/gp.php Cost: Free APFED-Good Practice Database Screenshot References: APFED-Good Practice Database[1] "The APFED Knowledge Initiative draws lessons to be learnt and experiences from innovative policies and measures implemented for sustainable

490

Best Practices for Engaging Virtual Training | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

You are here You are here Home » Best Practices for Engaging Virtual Training Best Practices for Engaging Virtual Training Course Title: CCBP-Best Practices for Engaging Virtual Training Date: Online course Time: At your discretion Registration link: Best Practices for Engaging Virtual Training / http://www.trainingindustry.com/webinars/best-practices-for-engaging-virtual-training.aspx Course type: Recorded Webinar Course Location: N/A Course Description: Ensuring that virtual training is engaging and grabs the attention of the audience is crucial to the success of the program. Join us for this TrainingIndustry.com webinar, presented on the Adobe Connect platform, to hear Jacqueline Beck, a Master Trainer for Adobe, share her expertise and tips on best practices for engaging learners in the

491

PRE-HOSPITAL PRACTICES FOR HANDLING A RADIOLOGICALLY CONTAMINATED PATIENT  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Pre-hospital Practices for Handling a Pre-hospital Practices for Handling a Pre-hospital Practices for Handling a Pre-hospital Practices for Handling a Pre-hospital Practices for Handling a Pre-hospital Practices for Handling a Radiologically Contaminated Patient Radiologically Contaminated Patient Radiologically Contaminated Patient Radiologically Contaminated Patient Radiologically Contaminated Patient DISCLAIMER DISCLAIMER DISCLAIMER DISCLAIMER DISCLAIMER Viewing this video and completing the enclosed printed study material do not by themselves provide sufficient skills to safely engage in or perform duties related to emergency response to a transportation accident involving radioactive material. Meeting that goal is beyond the scope of this video and requires either additional specific areas of competency or more hours of training

492

Practical Knowledge Builds Projects: Case for Independent Construction Information Management Proceedings IGLC '98  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Practical Knowledge Builds Projects: Case for Independent Construction Information Management Proceedings IGLC '98 PRACTICAL KNOWLEDGE BUILDS PROJECTS: CASE FOR INDEPENDENT CONSTRUCTION INFORMATIONManus Guaruja, Brazil INTRODUCTION Practical knowledge builds projects. To be practical, information must

Tommelein, Iris D.

493

E-Print Network 3.0 - alternative management practices Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Management 3590 - Political Values and Practices in Aboriginal Governments... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ....

494

Best practices guide for residential HVAC Retrofits  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This best practices guide for residential HVAC system retrofits is aimed at contractors who want guidance on delivering energy efficient, cost effective and innovative products. It has been developed around the idea of having packages of changes to the building HVAC system and building envelope that are climate and house construction dependent. These packages include materials, procedures and equipment and are designed to remove some of the guesswork from a builder, contractor, installer or homeowner decisions about how best to carry out HVAC changes. The packages are not meant to be taken as rigid requirements--instead they are systems engineered guidelines that form the basis for energy efficient retrofits. Similar approaches have been taken previously for new construction to develop extremely energy efficient homes that are comfortable safe and durable, and often cost less than standard construction. This is best epitomized by the Building America program whose partners have built thousands of residences throughout the U.S. using these principles. The differences between retrofitting and new construction tend to limit the changes one can make to a building, so these packages rely on relatively simple and non-intrusive technologies and techniques. The retrofits also focus on changes to a building that will give many years of service to the occupants. Another key aspect of these best practices is that we need to know how a house is working so that we know what parts have the potential for improvement. To do this we have put together a set of diagnostic tools that combine physical measurements and checklists/questionnaires. The measured test results, observations and homeowner answers to questions are used to direct us towards the best retrofits applicable to each individual house. The retrofits will depend on the current condition of the building envelope and HVAC system, the local climate, the construction methods used for the house, and the presence of various energy saving systems (e.g., a Heat Recovery Ventilator) and/or materials. This is just like a doctor referring a patient for blood tests or x-rays before actually performing surgery. This way the doctor can be sure that he does the right thing. To take this analogy further--we can borrow from the medical profession and say that the first thought when retrofitting a house is to do no harm, i.e., do not make changes that could make the house worse to live in.

Walker, Iain S.

2003-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

495

The Practice of Cost Benefit Analysis in the Transport Sector...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon The Practice of Cost Benefit Analysis in the Transport Sector a Mexican Perspective Jump to: navigation,...

496

DOE Announces Webinars on Solar Program Overview, Best Practices...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

highlight lessons learned and best practices. Featured speakers include: Bill Vecchio, New Hampshire Electric Cooperative, Business Development Executive Chad Laurent, Esq.,...

497

Metering Best Practices: A Guide to Achieving Utility Resource...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Policy Act of 2005. mbpg.pdf More Documents & Publications Operations & Maintenance Best Practices Guide: Chapter 8 Guidance for Electric Metering in Federal Buildings...

498

ITP Metal Casting: Corrosion Testing Practices ? High Alloy...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy INDUSTRIAL TECHNOLOGIES PROGRAM Corrosion Testing Practices - High Alloy Corrosion Program This subtask under ESMARRT Material...

499

Best Management Practices for Surface Water Protection | Department...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Wastewater treatment facilities constructed, and a plant-wide project to remove sinks, tanks, and drains with ties to the creek. Best Management Practices for Surface Water...

500

RAPID/Best Practices/Online Permitting Systems | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

creation of paper copies with secure digital versions Best Practice Actions Digitally capture of commonly reported or complex information (i.e. reducing transcription errors from...