Powered by Deep Web Technologies
Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "maximum cell charge" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Cell development obeys maximum Fisher information  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Eukaryotic cell development has been optimized by natural selection to obey maximal intracellular flux of messenger proteins. This, in turn, implies maximum Fisher information on angular position about a target nuclear pore complex (NPR). The cell is simply modeled as spherical, with cell membrane (CM) diameter 10 micron and concentric nuclear membrane (NM) diameter 6 micron. The NM contains about 3000 nuclear pore complexes (NPCs). Development requires messenger ligands to travel from the CM-NPC-DNA target binding sites. Ligands acquire negative charge by phosphorylation, passing through the cytoplasm over Newtonian trajectories toward positively charged NPCs (utilizing positive nuclear localization sequences). The CM-NPC channel obeys maximized mean protein flux F and Fisher information I at the NPC, with first-order delta I = 0 and approximate 2nd-order delta I = 0 stability to environmental perturbations. Many of its predictions are confirmed, including the dominance of protein pathways of from 1-4 proteins, a 4nm size for the EGFR protein and the approximate flux value F =10^16 proteins/m2-s. After entering the nucleus, each protein ultimately delivers its ligand information to a DNA target site with maximum probability, i.e. maximum Kullback-Liebler entropy HKL. In a smoothness limit HKL approaches IDNA/2, so that the total CM-NPC-DNA channel obeys maximum Fisher I. Thus maximum information approaches non-equilibrium, one condition for life.

B. R. Frieden; R. A. Gatenby

2014-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

2

Compact stars with a small electric charge: the limiting radius to mass relation and the maximum mass for incompressible matter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

One of the stiffest equations of state for matter in a compact star is constant energy density and this generates the interior Schwarzschild radius to mass relation and the Misner maximum mass for relativistic compact stars. If dark matter populates the interior of stars, and this matter is supersymmetric or of some other type, some of it possessing a tiny electric charge, there is the possibility that highly compact stars can trap a small but non-negligible electric charge. In this case the radius to mass relation for such compact stars should get modifications. We use an analytical scheme to investigate the limiting radius to mass relation and the maximum mass of relativistic stars made of an incompressible fluid with a small electric charge. The investigation is carried out by using the hydrostatic equilibrium equation, i.e., the Tolman-Oppenheimer-Volkoff (TOV) equation, together with the other equations of structure, with the further hypothesis that the charge distribution is proportional to the energy density. The approach relies on Volkoff and Misner's method to solve the TOV equation. For zero charge one gets the interior Schwarzschild limit, and supposing incompressible boson or fermion matter with constituents with masses of the order of the neutron mass one gets that the maximum mass is the Misner mass. For a small electric charge, our analytical approximating scheme valid in first order in the star's electric charge, shows that the maximum mass increases relatively to the uncharged case, whereas the minimum possible radius decreases, an expected effect since the new field is repulsive aiding the pressure to sustain the star against gravitational collapse.

José P. S. Lemos; Francisco J. Lopes; Gonçalo Quinta; Vilson T. Zanchin

2015-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

3

Nanoscale Charge Transport in Excitonic Solar Cells  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Excitonic solar cells, including all-organic, hybrid organic-inorganic and dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs), offer strong potential for inexpensive and large-area solar energy conversion. Unlike traditional inorganic semiconductor solar cells, where all the charge generation and collection processes are well understood, these excitonic solar cells contain extremely disordered structures with complex interfaces which results in large variations in nanoscale electronic properties and has a strong influence on carrier generation, transport, dissociation and collection. Detailed understanding of these processes is important for fabrication of highly efficient solar cells. Efforts to improve efficiency are underway at a large number of research groups throughout the world focused on inorganic and organic semiconductors, photonics, photophysics, charge transport, nanoscience, ultrafast spectroscopy, photonics, semiconductor processing, device physics, device structures, interface structure etc. Rapid progress in this multidisciplinary area requires strong synergetic efforts among researchers from diverse backgrounds. Such effort can lead to novel methods for development of new materials with improved photon harvesting and interfacial treatments for improved carrier transport, process optimization to yield ordered nanoscale morphologies with well defined electronic structures.

Venkat Bommisetty, South Dakota State University

2011-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

4

Control of the Adenylate Charge in Novikoff Ascites Cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...liver tissue and 110 units in Novikoff ascites...dehydrogenase was 120 units in liver tissue and 11 units in Novikoff ascites...Novikoff ascites cells. Measurement of adenosine mono...reaction and the adenylate energy charge expression were...

Wayne E. Criss

1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

Charge recombination in organic small-molecule solar cells by Jiye Lee.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??To enhance the power conversion efficiency in organic solar cells, charge recombination loss needs to be minimized. First, we perform transient absorption spectroscopy to study… (more)

Lee, Jiye

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

The Lithium-Ion Cell: Model, State Of Charge Estimation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Eery:Cellbehavior SAFT, "MP176065" Datasheet #12;LithiumionbaEery:Celldegrada+onprofiles ChargingVoltage Discharging

Schenato, Luca

7

Charge transport in hybrid nanorod-polymer composite photovoltaic cells  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

circuit diagram for a photovoltaic cell under illumination.Polymer Composite Photovoltaic Cells Wendy U. Huynh ‡ ,devices such as photovoltaic cells and light-emitting-

Huynh, Wendy U.; Dittmer, Janke J.; Teclemariam, Nerayo; Milliron, Delia; Alivisatos, A. Paul; Barnham, Keith W.J.

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Maximum Entropy Method and Charge Flipping, a Powerful Combination to Visualize the True Nature of Structural Disorder from in situ X-ray Powder Diffraction Data  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In a systematic approach, the ability of the Maximum Entropy Method (MEM) to reconstruct the most probable electron density of highly disordered crystal structures from X-ray powder diffraction data was evaluated. As a case study, the ambient temperature crystal structures of disordered {alpha}-Rb{sub 2}[C{sub 2}O{sub 4}] and {alpha}-Rb{sub 2}[CO{sub 3}] and ordered {delta}-K{sub 2}[C{sub 2}O{sub 4}] were investigated in detail with the aim of revealing the 'true' nature of the apparent disorder. Different combinations of F (based on phased structure factors) and G constraints (based on structure-factor amplitudes) from different sources were applied in MEM calculations. In particular, a new combination of the MEM with the recently developed charge-flipping algorithm with histogram matching for powder diffraction data (pCF) was successfully introduced to avoid the inevitable bias of the phases of the structure-factor amplitudes by the Rietveld model. Completely ab initio electron-density distributions have been obtained with the MEM applied to a combination of structure-factor amplitudes from Le Bail fits with phases derived from pCF. All features of the crystal structures, in particular the disorder of the oxalate and carbonate anions, and the displacements of the cations, are clearly obtained. This approach bears the potential of a fast method of electron-density determination, even for highly disordered materials. All the MEM maps obtained in this work were compared with the MEM map derived from the best Rietveld refined model. In general, the phased observed structure factors obtained from Rietveld refinement (applying F and G constraints) were found to give the closest description of the experimental data and thus lead to the most accurate image of the actual disorder.

Samy, A.; Dinnebier, R; van Smaalen, S; Jansen, M

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Autothermal Reforming of Glycerol with Supercritical Water for Maximum Power through a Turbine Plus a Fuel Cell  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An autothermal reforming of glycerol process using supercritical water was proposed to produce maximum power by means of a turbine, from the huge pressure energy of product gas just at the outlet of the reformer, and a proton exchange membrane (PEM) fuel cell, which is fed by a hydrogen-rich stream. ... Supercritical water (SCW) has many advantageous properties and is extremely reactive,(5-8) and it may allow for the performance of a catalyst-free process, because of its relevant thermophysical properties, such as a high capability to solubilize gaseous organic molecules and high reactivity, among others. ... This research is supported by the Science and Technology Ministry of Spain under Research Project ENE2009-13755, as a Project of Fundamental Research inside the framework of the National Plan of Scientific Research, Development and Technological Innovation 2008–2011. ...

F. J. Gutiérrez Ortiz; P. Ollero; A. Serrera; S. Galera

2012-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

10

Pseudorapidity distributions of charged particles from Au+Au collisions at the maximum RHIC energy, root s(NN)=200 GeV  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present charged-particle multiplicities as a function of pseudorapidity and collision centrality for the Au-197+ Au-197 reaction at roots(NN)=200 GeV . For the 5% most central events we obtain dN(ch)/detaparallel to(eta=0) ...

Ito, H.; Norris, J.; Sanders, Stephen J.

2002-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Evaluating Charge Recombination Rate in Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells from Electronic Structure Calculations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Estimating the Maximum Attainable Efficiency in Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells ... Altogether, our study provides evidence that adsorption of the sensitizer via "three anchoring sites" is a key requisite to obtain high open-circuit potentials when employed in DSSC devices, thus paving the route to the design of new and more efficient sensitizers. ... cells are discussed, considering the high photovoltaic efficiencies obtained for devices employing Ru bipyridyl sensitizer dyes in combination with iodide/tri-iodide based redox electrolytes. ...

E. Maggio; N. Martsinovich; A. Troisi

2012-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

12

Luminescence and efficiency of an ideal photovoltaic cell with charge carrier multiplication  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We discuss the potential of an ideal photovoltaic cell with charge carrier multiplication by impact ionization. Thermodynamics requires that carrier multiplication modifies luminescence as well. Such a cell may be described as a hot-carrier cell where interband equilibrium is inhibited and where thermalization is restricted to the band edges. We show that in the limit of low band-gap energy this cell is equivalent to a thermal absorber coupled to a Carnot engine. In conjunction with a spectral filter, a finite band-gap cell with carrier multiplication can even surpass the work obtainable from a selective thermal absorber. In principle, charge carrier multiplication can be tailored such that a single-gap cell matches a fully selective conversion device. A high-efficiency, thin-film cell with carrier multiplication may be thought of as a single-band-gap cell on the basis of a low-band-gap material, with efficiency close to the value of a fully selective device. Low absorptivity for photons below the threshold for carrier multiplication might be realized with an indirect transition. When the solar irradiance exceeds a certain threshold all photons above gap energy may be used.

W. Spirkl and H. Ries

1995-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

13

Charge transport through split photoelectrodes in dye-sensitized solar cells  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Charge transport and recombination are relatively ignored parameters while upscaling dye-sensitized solar cells (DSCs). Enhanced photovoltaic parameters are anticipated by merely widening the devices physical dimensions, viz., thickness and area as evident from the device design adopted in reported large area DSCs. These strip designs lead to ?50% loss in photocurrent compared to the high efficiency lab scale devices. Herein, we report that the key to achieving higher current density (J{sub SC}) is optimized diffusion volume rather than the increased photoelectrode area because kinetics of the devices is strongly influenced by the varied choices of diffusion pathways upon increasing the electrode area. For a given electrode area and thickness, we altered the photoelectrode design by splitting the electrode into multiple fractions to restrict the electron diffusion pathways. We observed a correlation between the device physical dimensions and its charge collection efficiency via current-voltage and impedance spectroscopy measurements. The modified electrode designs showed >50% increased J{sub SC} due to shorter transport time, higher recombination resistance and enhanced charge collection efficiency compared to the conventional ones despite their similar active volume (?3.36?×?10{sup ?4}?cm{sup 3}). A detailed charge transport characteristic of the split devices and their comparison with single electrode configuration is described in this article.

Fakharuddin, Azhar; Ahmed, Irfan; Yusoff, Mashitah M.; Jose, Rajan, E-mail: rjose@ump.edu.my [Nanostructured Renewable Energy Materials Laboratory, Faculty of Industrial Sciences and Technology, Universiti Malaysia Pahang, Kuantan 26300 (Malaysia); Khalidin, Zulkeflee [Faculty of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Pahang, Kuantan 26600 (Malaysia)

2014-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

14

Charge Depleting:  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

3 seconds 3 seconds Acceleration 1/4 Mile Time: 20.3 seconds Maximum Speed: 74.3 MPH Acceleration 1 Mile Maximum Speed: 103.4 MPH Charge Sustaining: Acceleration 0-60 MPH Time: 13.4 seconds Acceleration 1/4 Mile Time: 20.4 seconds Maximum Speed: 74.8 MPH Acceleration 1 Mile Maximum Speed: 104.0 MPH Brake Test @ 60 MPH Distance Required: 153.0 ft UDDS Fuel Economy 6 HWFET Fuel Economy 6 Distance (miles)

15

Charge Depleting:  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

0 seconds 0 seconds Acceleration 1/4 Mile Time: 20.1 seconds Maximum Speed: 75.7 MPH Acceleration 1 Mile Maximum Speed: 104.9 MPH Charge Sustaining: Acceleration 0-60 MPH Time: 12.8 seconds Acceleration 1/4 Mile Time: 20.0 seconds Maximum Speed: 75.7 MPH Acceleration 1 Mile Maximum Speed: 105.0 MPH Brake Test @ 60 MPH Distance Required: 126.8 ft UDDS Fuel Economy 6 HWFET Fuel Economy 6 Distance (miles)

16

ACTIVE CATHODES FOR SUPER-HIGH POWER DENSITY SOLID OXIDE FUEL CELLS THROUGH SPACE CHARGE EFFECTS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report summarizes the work done during the third quarter of the project. Effort was directed in two areas: (1) Further development of the model on the role of connectivity on ionic conductivity of porous bodies, including the role of grain boundaries, and its relationship to cathode polarization. Included indirectly through the grain boundary effect is the effect of space charge. (2) Synthesis of LSC + SDC composite cathode powders by combustion synthesis. (3) Fabrication and testing of anode-supported single cells made using synthesized LSC + ScDC composite cathodes.

Anil V. Virkar

2003-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

17

1/12/14 EDACafe.com -Video Roundup -Smitha Rao and J.C. Chiao Design Micro-Windmills to Charge Cell Phones www10.edacafe.com/blogs/videoroundup/2014/01/11/smitha-rao-and-j-c-chiao-design-micro-windmills-to-charge-cell-phones/ 1/5  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cell Phones www10.edacafe.com/blogs/videoroundup/2014/01/11/smitha-rao-and-j-c-chiao-design-micro-windmills-to-charge-cell-phones Smitha Rao and J.C. Chiao Design Micro-Windmills to Charge Cell Phones Article source: University a micro- windmill that generates wind energy and may become an innovative solution to cell phone batteries

Chiao, Jung-Chih

18

Exciton harvesting, charge transfer, and charge-carrier transport in amorphous-silicon nanopillar/polymer hybrid solar cells  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

report on the device physics of nanostructured amorphous-silicon a-Si:H /polymer hybrid solar cells and nanostructured a-Si:H/polymer systems. We find that strong energy transfer occurs in the a-Si:H/MEH-PPV system. However, inefficient hole transfer from the a-Si:H to the polymers renders negligible photocurrent

McGehee, Michael

19

Hybridizing Energy Conversion and Storage in a Mechanical-to-Electrochemical Process for Self-Charging Power Cell  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hybridizing Energy Conversion and Storage in a Mechanical-to- Electrochemical Process for Self-charging power cell, mechanical energy, piezoelectricity, lithium ion battery, electrochemistry Energy conversion physical units achieving the conversions from mechanical energy to electricity and then from electric

Wang, Zhong L.

20

Nano-scale manipulation of silicate-substituted apatite chemistry impacts surface charge, hydrophilicity, protein adsorption and cell attachment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study characterised the effect of nano-scale variation in hydroxyapatite (HA) surface-chemistry, by manipulation of silicate substitution level, on surface charge, hydrophilicity, protein adsorption and cell attachment. Substitution with 0.4 wt% Si (SA04) had a significant impact on surface charge, but did not affect hydrophilicity as compared to stoichiometric HA. Increasing silicon content to 0.8 wt% (SA08) did not alter surface charge, but significantly increased hydrophilicity as compared to SA04. A silicon content of 1.5 wt% (SA15) significantly altered surface charge but showed no statistical variation in hydrophilicity as compared to SA08. Study of both competitive (serum) and single (fibronectin) protein adsorption, in addition to osteoblast-like cell attachment, demonstrated increased protein adsorption and cell attachment on SA08. In contrast protein adsorption to SA04 and SA15 showed equivalent to intermediate behaviour while cell attachment demonstrated impaired to equivalent performance as compared to HA. This data indicates that the enhanced bioactivity of SA08 may be related to the influence that surface physiochemical characteristics have on its interaction with serum proteins.

N. Rashid; Ian S. Harding; Tom Buckland; Karin A. Hing

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "maximum cell charge" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Charge Depleting:  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

0.5 seconds 0.5 seconds Acceleration 1/4 Mile Time: 18.6 seconds Maximum Speed: 83.2 MPH Acceleration 1 Mile Maximum Speed: 100.6 MPH Charge Sustaining: Acceleration 0-60 MPH Time: 10.6 seconds Acceleration 1/4 Mile Time: 18.6 seconds Maximum Speed: 82.8 MPH Acceleration 1 Mile Maximum Speed: 101.9 MPH Brake Test @ 60 MPH Distance Required: 145.1 ft UDDS Fuel Economy 6 HWFET Fuel Economy 6,10 Distance (miles) Fuel Economy (mpg) AC Energy Consumed (kWh) 7 Distance (miles) Fuel Economy (mpg) AC Energy Consumed (kWh) 7 10 118.5 2.85 10 53.0 1.80 20 116.8 5.49 20 56.6 3.37 40 116.0 10.50 40 58.0 6.38 60 90.7 11.34 60 55.3 9.48 80 76.6 11.34 80 51.4 11.11 100 68.0 11.34 100 47.2 11.13 200 50.9 11.34 200 38.7 11.13 Fuel Economy with A/C Off 1 Cold Start Charge Depleting 2 : Fuel Economy: 119.7 MPG AC kWh Consumed 7 : 0.282 kWh/mi Charge Depleting

22

Protein adsorption onto Fe3O4 nanoparticles with opposite surface charge and its impact on cell uptake  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nanoparticles (NPs) engineered for biomedical applications are meant to be in contact with protein-rich physiological fluids. These proteins are usually adsorbed onto the NP surface, forming a swaddling layer called protein corona that influences cell internalization. We present a study on protein adsorption onto different magnetic NPs (MNPs) when immersed in cell culture medium, and how these changes affect the cellular uptake. Two colloids with magnetite cores of 25 nm, same hydrodynamic size and opposite surface charge were in situ coated with (a) positive polyethyleneimine (PEI-MNPs) and (b) negative poly(acrylic acid) (PAA-MNPs). After few minutes of incubation in cell culture medium the wrapping of the MNPs by protein adsorption resulted in a 5-fold size increase. After 24 h of incubation large MNP-protein aggregates with hydrodynamic sizes 1500 to 3000 nm (PAA-MNPs and PEI-MNPs respectively) were observed. Each cluster contained an estimated number of magnetic cores between 450 and 1000, indicating the formation of large aggregates with a "plum pudding" structure of MNPs embedded into a protein network of negative surface charge irrespective of the MNP_core charge. We demonstrated that PEI-MNPs are incorporated in much larger amounts than the PAA-MNPs units. Quantitative analysis showed that SH-SY5Y cells can incorporate 100 per cent of the added PEI-MNPs up to about 100 pg per cell, whereas for PAA-MNPs the uptake was less than 50 percent. The final cellular distribution showed also notable differences regarding partial attachment to the cell membrane. These results highlight the need to characterize the final properties of MNPs after protein adsorption in biological media, and demonstrate the impact of these properties on the internalization mechanisms in neural cells.

M. P. Catalayud; B. Sanz; V. Raffa; C. Riggio; M. R. Ibarra; G. F. Goya

2014-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

23

ACTIVE CATHODES FOR SUPER-HIGH POWER DENSITY SOLID OXIDE FUEL CELLS THROUGH SPACE CHARGE EFFECTS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report summarizes the work done during the sixth quarter of the project. Effort was directed in three areas: (1) Further development of the model on the role of connectivity on ionic conductivity of porous bodies, including the role of grain boundaries and space charge region. (2) Calculation of the effect of space charge and morphology of porous bodies on the effective charge transfer resistance of porous composite cathodes. (3) The investigation of the three electrode system for the measurement of cathodic polarization using amperometric sensors.

Anil V. Virkar

2004-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

24

Energy collection and charge transfer processes in thin film photocells and photoelectrochemical cells: Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The following paragraphs describe accomplishments and significant results for the two lines of research: (1) studies of energy collection and charge transfer processes in thin film systems and (2) solar energy utilization by photosensitized electrode processes at semiconductor electrodes.

Tachikawa, Hiroyasu

1981-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

25

ACTIVE CATHODES FOR SUPER-HIGH POWER DENSITY SOLID OXIDE FUEL CELLS THROUGH SPACE CHARGE EFFECTS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report summarizes the work done during the fourth quarter of the project. Effort was directed in two areas, namely, continued further development of the model on the role of connectivity on ionic conductivity of porous bodies, including the role of grain boundaries and space charge, and its relationship to cathode polarization; and fabrication of samaria-doped ceria porous (SDC). The work on the model development involves calculation of the effect of space charge on transport through porous bodies. Three specific cases have been examined: (1) Space charge resistivity greater than the grain resistivity, (2) Space charge resistivity equal to the grain resistivity, and (3) Space charge resistivity lower than the grain resistivity. The model accounts for transport through three regions: the bulk of the grain, the space charge region, and the structural part of the grain boundary. The effect of neck size has been explicitly incorporated. In future work, the effective resistivity will be incorporated into the effective cathode polarization resistance. The results will then be compared with experiments.

Anil V. Virkar

2003-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

26

ACTIVE CATHODES FOR SUPER-HIGH POWER DENSITY SOLID OXIDE FUEL CELLS THROUGH SPACE CHARGE EFFECTS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report summarizes the work done during the fifth quarter of the project. Effort was directed in two areas: (1) Further development of the model on the role of connectivity on ionic conductivity of porous bodies, including the role of grain boundaries and space charge region. (2) Fabrication of porous samaria-doped ceria (SDC) and investigation of the effect of thermal treatment on its conductivity. The model developed accounts for transport through three regions: (a) Transport through the bulk of the grain, RI, which includes parallel transport through space charge region. (b) Transport through the space charge region adjacent to the neck (grain boundary), RII. (c) Transport through the structural part of the neck (grain boundary), RIII. The work on the model development involves calculation RI, RII, RIII, and the sum of these three terms, which is the total resistance, as a function of the grain radius ranging between 0.5 and 5 microns and as a function of the relative neck size, described in terms of the angle theta, ranging between 5 and 45{sup o}. Three values of resistivity of the space charge region were chosen; space charge resistivity greater than grain resistivity, equal to grain resistivity, and lower than grain resistivity. Experimental work was conducted on samaria (Sm{sub 2}O{sub 3})-doped ceria (SDC) samples of differing porosity levels, before and after thermal treatment at 1200 C. The conductivity in the annealed samples was lower, consistent with enhanced Debye length. This shows the important role of space charge on ionic transport, and its implications concerning cathode polarization.

Anil V. Virkar

2004-03-08T23:59:59.000Z

27

Photo-CELIV technique for the investigations of charge carriers transport and recombination in the organic solar cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this presentation is given the advantages and disadvantages of the Charge Extraction of photogenerated charge carriers by Linearly Increasing Voltage (photo-CELIV) technique for...

Juska, Gytis

28

Study of charge-collecting interlayers for single-junction and tandem organic solar cells.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??A hole-collecting interlayer layer for organic solar cells, NiO, processed by atomic layer deposition (ALD) was studied. ALD-NiO film offered a novel alternative to efficient… (more)

Shim, Jae Won

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Protein adsorption onto Fe3O4 nanoparticles with opposite surface charge and its impact on cell uptake  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nanoparticles (NPs) engineered for biomedical applications are meant to be in contact with protein-rich physiological fluids. These proteins are usually adsorbed onto the NP surface, forming a swaddling layer called protein corona that influences cell internalization. We present a study on protein adsorption onto different magnetic NPs (MNPs) when immersed in cell culture medium, and how these changes affect the cellular uptake. Two colloids with magnetite cores of 25 nm, same hydrodynamic size and opposite surface charge were in situ coated with (a) positive polyethyleneimine (PEI-MNPs) and (b) negative poly(acrylic acid) (PAA-MNPs). After few minutes of incubation in cell culture medium the wrapping of the MNPs by protein adsorption resulted in a 5-fold size increase. After 24 h of incubation large MNP-protein aggregates with hydrodynamic sizes 1500 to 3000 nm (PAA-MNPs and PEI-MNPs respectively) were observed. Each cluster contained an estimated number of magnetic cores between 450 and 1000, indicating the...

Catalayud, M P; Raffa, V; Riggio, C; Ibarra, M R; Goya, G F

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Nanoclay Gelation Approach toward Improved Dye-Sensitized Solar Cell Efficiencies: An Investigation of Charge Transport and Shift in the TiO2 Conduction Band  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Nanoclay Gelation Approach toward Improved Dye-Sensitized Solar Cell Efficiencies: An Investigation of Charge Transport and Shift in the TiO2 Conduction Band ... Nanoclay minerals play a promising role as additives in the liquid electrolyte to form a gel electrolyte for quasi-solid-state dye-sensitized solar cells, because of the high chemical stability, unique swelling capability, ion exchange capacity, and rheological properties of nanoclays. ... The nanoclays used in previous studies were mainly of smectite/montmorillonite type, which belong to the family of cationic clays (hydroxides layers with negative charge). ...

Xiu Wang; Sneha A. Kulkarni; Bruno Ieiri Ito; Sudip K. Batabyal; Kazuteru Nonomura; Chee Cheong Wong; Michael Grätzel; Subodh G. Mhaisalkar; Satoshi Uchida

2012-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

31

Rapid Charge Transport in Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells Made from Vertically Aligned Single-Crystal Rutile TiO2 Nanowires  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A rapid solvothermal approach was used to synthesize aligned 1D single-crystal rutile TiO2 nanowire (NW) arrays on transparent conducting substrates as electrodes for dye-sensitized solar cells. The NW arrays showed a more than 200 times faster charge transport (see picture) and a factor four lower defect state density than conventional rutile nanoparticle films.

Feng, X.; Zhu, K.; Frank, A. J.; Grimes, C. A.; Mallouk, T. E.

2012-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

32

ChargePoint America | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

ChargePoint America ChargePoint America 2012 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting...

33

ACTIVE CATHODES FOR SUPER-HIGH POWER DENSITY SOLID OXIDE FUEL CELLS THROUGH SPACE CHARGE EFFECTS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report summarizes the work done during the first quarter of the project. Effort was directed in three areas: (1) The determination of the role of ionic conductor morphology, used in composite cathodes, on the ionic conductivity of the ionic conductor. It was shown that if the particles are not well sintered, the necks formed between particles will be very narrow, and the resulting conductivity will be too low (resistivity will be too high). Specifically, a mathematical equation was derived to demonstrate the singular nature of conductivity. (2) Nanosize powders of Sc-doped CeO{sub 2} were prepared by combustion synthesis. The rationale is that the particle size of the composite electrode must be as small as possible to ensure a high ionic conductivity--and resulting in high performance in fuel cells. Di-gluconic acid (DGA) was used as fuel. The process led to the formation of nanosize Sc-doped CeO{sub 2}. The powder was characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). (3) Samples were sintered to form materials containing various levels of porosity, from {approx}3% to {approx}43%. Conductivity was measured over a range of temperatures by four probe DC method. It was observed that in highly porous samples, the conductivity was far lower than can be expected purely based on total porosity. The difference could be rationalized on the basis of the theoretical model developed.

Professor Anil V. Virkar

2003-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

34

Charged Particles are Prevented from Going Faster than the Speed of Light by Light Itself: A Biophysical Cell Biologist's Contribution to Physics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Investigations of living organisms have led biologists and physicians to introduce fundamental concepts, including Brownian motion, the First Law of Thermodynamics, Poiseuille's Law of fluid flow, and Fick's Law of diffusion into physics. Given the prominence of viscous forces within and around cells and the experience of identifying and quantifying such resistive forces, biophysical cell biologists have an unique perspective in discovering the viscous forces that cause moving particles to respond to an applied force in a nonlinear manner. Using my experience as a biophysical cell biologist, I show that in any space consisting of a photon gas with a temperature above absolute zero, Doppler-shifted photons exert a velocity-dependent viscous force on moving charged particles. This viscous force prevents charged particles from exceeding the speed of light. Consequently, light itself prevents charged particles from moving faster than the speed of light. This interpretation provides a testable alternative to the interpretation provided by the Special Theory of Relativity, which contends that particles are prevented from exceeding the speed of light as a result of the relativity of time.

Randy Wayne

2011-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

35

Nonlinear optics at maximum coherence  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...D. Walls Nonlinear optics at maximum coherence S. E. Harris G. Y. Yin M. Jain H...optical processes which utilize maximum coherence of a non-allowed transition. The nonlinear...frequency. Nonlinear optics at maximum coherence B y S. E. Harris, G. Y. Yin, M...

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

MaximumLetThrough.PDF  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

9 9 Maximum Let-Through Currents in the APS Storage Ring Quadrupole, Sextupole, and Corrector Magnets J. Carwardine, D. McGhee, G. Markovich May 18, 1999 Abstract Limits are described for the maximum magnet currents, under specified fault conditions, for the storage ring quadrupole, sextupole, and corrector magnets. Introduction In computing the maximum let-through current for the magnets for the storage ring, several factors must be considered. In general, the maximum current likely to occur even under fault conditions is less than the maximum theoretical DC current given the magnet resistance and the maximum available DC voltage. The first level of protection against magnet current overloads is the over-current interlock that is built into the converter electronics package. The threshold is set to approximately 110% of

37

An experimental and modeling study of isothermal charge/discharge behavior of commercial NiMH cells  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is used to predict and compare various charge algorithms so as to provide guidelines for application and hybrid-electric vehicles. For clean transportation, Ni­MH battery is presently the most promising battery evolution reaction was coupled with main electro- chemical reactions on both electrodes. A sensitivity

38

Charged Condensation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider Bose-Einstein condensation of massive electrically charged scalars in a uniform background of charged fermions. We focus on the case when the scalar condensate screens the background charge, while the net charge of the system resides on its boundary surface. A distinctive signature of this substance is that the photon acquires a Lorentz-violating mass in the bulk of the condensate. Due to this mass, the transverse and longitudinal gauge modes propagate with different group velocities. We give qualitative arguments that at high enough densities and low temperatures a charged system of electrons and helium-4 nuclei, if held together by laboratory devices or by force of gravity, can form such a substance. We briefly discuss possible manifestations of the charged condensate in compact astrophysical objects.

Gregory Gabadadze; Rachel A. Rosen

2007-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

39

Single ion heat engine with maximum efficiency at maximum power  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We propose an experimental scheme to realize a nano heat engine with a single ion. An Otto cycle may be implemented by confining the ion in a linear Paul trap with tapered geometry and coupling it to engineered laser reservoirs. The quantum efficiency at maximum power is analytically determined in various regimes. Moreover, Monte Carlo simulations of the engine are performed that demonstrate its feasibility and its ability to operate at maximum efficiency of 30% under realistic conditions.

Obinna Abah; Johannes Rossnagel; Georg Jacob; Sebastian Deffner; Ferdinand Schmidt-Kaler; Kilian Singer; Eric Lutz

2012-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

40

Measuring momentum for charged particle tomography  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Methods, apparatus and systems for detecting charged particles and obtaining tomography of a volume by measuring charged particles including measuring the momentum of a charged particle passing through a charged particle detector. Sets of position sensitive detectors measure scattering of the charged particle. The position sensitive detectors having sufficient mass to cause the charged particle passing through the position sensitive detectors to scatter in the position sensitive detectors. A controller can be adapted and arranged to receive scattering measurements of the charged particle from the charged particle detector, determine at least one trajectory of the charged particle from the measured scattering; and determine at least one momentum measurement of the charged particle from the at least one trajectory. The charged particle can be a cosmic ray-produced charged particle, such as a cosmic ray-produced muon. The position sensitive detectors can be drift cells, such as gas-filled drift tubes.

Morris, Christopher (Los Alamos, NM); Fraser, Andrew Mcleod (Los Alamos, NM); Schultz, Larry Joe (Los Alamos, NM); Borozdin, Konstantin N. (Los Alamos, NM); Klimenko, Alexei Vasilievich (Maynard, MA); Sossong, Michael James (Los Alamos, NM); Blanpied, Gary (Lexington, SC)

2010-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "maximum cell charge" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Engineering Schottky Contacts in Open-Air Fabricated Heterojunction Solar Cells to Enable High Performance and Ohmic Charge Transport  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Te Solar Cells. Thin Solid Films 2006, 510, 320?324. (2) Chuang, C.-H. M.; Brown, P. R.; Bulovic,? V.; Bawendi, M. G. Improved Performance and Stability in Quantum Dot Solar Cells through Band Alignment Engineering. Nat. Mater. 2014, 13, 796?801. (3) Marin... . Mater. 2010, 22, E254?E258. (10) Sarkar, K.; Braden, E. V.; Pogorzalek, S.; Yu, S.; Roth, S. V.; Mu?ller-Buschbaum, P. Monitoring Structural Dynamics of in Situ Spray-Deposited Zinc Oxide Films for Application in Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells. Chem...

Hoye, Robert L. Z.; Heffernan, Shane; Ievskaya, Yulia; Sadhanala, Aditya; Flewitt, Andrew; Friend, Richard H.; MacManus-Driscol, Judith L.; Musselman, Kevin P.

2014-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

42

Diffuse-charge effects on the transient response of electrochemical cells M. van Soestbergen,1,2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

/discharge cycle of batteries 1­5 and the startup behavior of fuel cells 6 are important topics. Time- dependent titration of rechargeable batteries 2 are rou- tinely fitted to Sand's formula, but discrepancies can arise

Bazant, Martin Z.

43

Integrated polymer solar cells in serial architecture with patterned charge-transporting MoOx for miniature high-voltage sources  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We develop miniature high-voltage sources from polymer solar cells (PSCs) with charge-transporting molybdenum oxide (MoOx) integrated in a serial architecture through sacrificial layer (SL)-assisted patterning. The MoOx layer, being patterned by the lift-off process of the SL of a hydrophobic fluorinated-polymer, as a hole transporting layer plays a critical role on the reduction of the dark current and the increase of a high open circuit voltage of an integrated PSC array. The underlying mechanism lies primarily on the elimination of the lateral charge pathways in the MoOx layer in the presence of the electrode interconnection. Two miniature voltage sources consisting of 20 PSCs and 50 PSCs are demonstrated in the operation of a liquid crystal display and an organic field-effect transistor, respectively. Our SL-assisted integration approach will be directly applicable for implementing the self-power sources made of the PSCs into a wide range of the electronic and optoelectronic devices.

Seong-Min Cho; Chang-Min Keum; Hea-Lim Park; Min-Hoi Kim; Jin-Hyuk Bae; Sin-Doo Lee

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Electronic structure, molecular orientation, charge transfer dynamics and solar cells performance in donor/acceptor copolymers and fullerene: Experimental and theoretical approaches  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

By combining experimental and theoretical approaches, the electronic structure, molecular orientation, charge transfer dynamics and solar cell performance in donor/acceptor copolymer poly[2,7-(9,9-bis(2-ethylhexyl)-dibenzosilole)-alt-4,7-bis(thiophen-2-yl) benzo-2,1,3-thiadiazole] (PSiF-DBT) films and blended with 6,6.-phenyl-C 61-butyric acid methyl ester (PSiF-DBT:PCBM) were investigated. Good agreement between experimental and theoretical PSiF-DBT UV-Vis absorption spectrum is observed and the main molecular orbitals contributing to the spectrum were determined using DFT single point calculations. Non-coplanar configuration was determined by geometric optimization calculation in isolated PSiF-DBT pentamer and corroborated by angular variation of the sulphur 1s near-edge X-ray absorption fine structure (NEXAFS) spectra. Edge-on and plane-on molecular orientations were obtained for thiophene and benzothiadiazole units, respectively. A power conversion efficiency up to 1.58%, open circuit voltage of 0.51 V, short circuit current of 8.71 mA/cm{sup 2} and a fill factor of 35% was obtained using blended PSiF-DBT:PCBM as active layer in a bulk heterojunction solar cell. Ultrafast electron dynamics in the low-femtosecond regime was evaluated by resonant Auger spectroscopy using the core-hole clock methodology around sulphur 1s absorption edge. Electron delocalization times for PSiF-DBT and PSiF-DBT:PCBM polymeric films were derived for selected excitation energies corresponding to the main transitions in the sulphur 1s NEXAFS spectra. The mixture of PSiF-DBT with PCBM improves the charge transfer process involving the ?* molecular orbital of the thiophene units.

Garcia-Basabe, Y.; Borges, B. G. A. L.; Rocco, M. L. M., E-mail: lsroman@fisica.ufpr.br, E-mail: luiza@iq.ufrj.br [Institute of Chemistry, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro 21941-909 (Brazil); Marchiori, C. F. N.; Yamamoto, N. A. D.; Koehler, M.; Roman, L. S., E-mail: lsroman@fisica.ufpr.br, E-mail: luiza@iq.ufrj.br [Departament of Physics, Federal University of Paraná, Curitiba 81531-990 (Brazil); Macedo, A. G. [Departament of Physics, Technological Federal University of Paraná, Curitiba 80230-901 (Brazil)

2014-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

45

Maximum likelihood reconstruction for the Daya Bay Experiment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Daya Bay Reactor Neutrino experiment is designed to precisely determine the neutrino mixing angle theta13. In this paper, we report a maximum likelihood (ML) method to reconstruct the vertex and energy of events in the anti-neutrino detector, based on a simplified optical model that describes light propagation. We calibrate the key paramters of the optical model with Co60 source, by comparing the predicted charges of the PMTs with the observed charges. With the optimized parameters, the resolution of the vertex reconstruction is about 25cm for Co60 gamma.

Xia Dongmei

2014-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

46

Coulomb explosion effect and the maximum energy of protons accelerated by high-power lasers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The acceleration of light ions (protons) through the interaction of a high-power laser pulse with a double-layer target is theoretically studied by means of two-dimensional particle-in-cell simulations and a one-dimensional analytical model. It is shown that the maximum energy acquired by the accelerated light ions (protons) depends on the physical characteristics of a heavy-ion layer (electron-ion mass ratio and effective charge state of the ions). In our theoretical model, the hydrodynamic equations for both electron and heavy-ion species are solved and the test-particle approximation for the light ions (protons) is applied. The heavy-ion motion is found to modify the longitudinal electric field distribution, thus changing the acceleration conditions for the protons.

E. Fourkal; I. Velchev; C.-M. Ma

2005-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

47

Wireless Charging  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

2013 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting

48

Boiler Maximum Achievable Control Technology (MACT) Technical...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Boiler Maximum Achievable Control Technology (MACT) Technical Assistance - Fact Sheet, May 2014 Boiler Maximum Achievable Control Technology (MACT) Technical Assistance - Fact...

49

1197 South Lumpkin Street Athens Georgia 30602-3603 weddings@georgiacenter.uga.edu 706.542.2654 Bartender Charges  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in our food services areas. Banquet Alcohol Service Information · Prices are effective July 1, 2011.542.2654 Bartender Charges Bartender charges are applicable for all bar service packages. One bartender is requiredFTer .................................................................................................................$ 8.00 maximum charge Per locaTion or maximum charge For Two Bar locaTions oPen Bar service -- ac

Arnold, Jonathan

50

Ionization and maximum energy of nuclei in shock acceleration theory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the acceleration of heavy nuclei at SNR shocks when the process of ionization is taken into account. Heavy atoms ($Z_N >$ few) in the interstellar medium which start the diffusive shock acceleration (DSA) are never fully ionized at the moment of injection. The ionization occurs during the acceleration process, when atoms already move relativistically. For typical environment around SNRs the photo-ionization due to the background galactic radiation dominates over Coulomb collisions. The main consequence of ionization is the reduction of the maximum energy which ions can achieve with respect to the standard result of the DSA. In fact the photo-ionization has a timescale comparable to the beginning of the Sedov-Taylor phase, hence the maximum energy is no more proportional to the nuclear charge, as predicted by standard DSA, but rather to the effective ions' charge during the acceleration process, which is smaller than the total nuclear charge $Z_N$. This result can have a direct consequence in the pred...

Morlino, Giovanni

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Nanocrystal Solar Cells  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

research on organic photovoltaic cells since small molecule10 years prior (4). Photovoltaic cells with an active layerof the associated photovoltaic cells. 2.4 Charge transport

Gur, Ilan

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Ch 16 Electric Charge &Ch 16. Electric Charge & Electric Field  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ch 16 Electric Charge &Ch 16. Electric Charge & Electric Field Liu UCD Phy1B 2012 #12;I Basic ConceptsI. Basic Concepts Static electricity: charges at rest Electric charge Like charges repel Unlike charges attract Liu UCD Phy1B 2012 #12;Electric ChargeElectric Charge Electron charge: -eElectron charge

Yoo, S. J. Ben

53

Workplace Charging Challenge  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Workplace Charging Challenge, committing to install charging for plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs) at their worksites. By taking on this Challenge, they are helping build our...

54

Workplace Charging Challenge  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

the New York Power Authority (NYPA) installed three employee charging stations at its White Plains, New York, facility, as part of its workplace charging pilot program. (Photo...

55

Mapping Particle Charges in Battery Electrodes  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of batteries masks their chemical complexity. A typical lithium-ion battery in a cell phone consists of trillions of particles. When a lithium-ion battery is charged or...

56

Societal Benefits Charge | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Societal Benefits Charge Societal Benefits Charge Societal Benefits Charge < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Fed. Government General Public/Consumer Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Utility Savings Category Bioenergy Commercial Heating & Cooling Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Water Solar Heating & Cooling Water Heating Wind Program Info State New Jersey Program Type Public Benefits Fund Provider New Jersey Board of Public Utilities New Jersey's 1999 electric-utility restructuring legislation created a "societal benefits charge" (SBC) to support investments in energy efficiency and "Class I" renewable energy. The SBC funds New Jersey's Clean Energy Program (NJCEP), a statewide initiative administered by the

57

FY14 Milestone: Simulated Impacts of Life-Like Fast Charging on BEV Batteries (Management Publication)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Fast charging is attractive to battery electric vehicle (BEV) drivers for its ability to enable long-distance travel and quickly recharge depleted batteries on short notice. However, such aggressive charging and the sustained vehicle operation that results could lead to excessive battery temperatures and degradation. Properly assessing the consequences of fast charging requires accounting for disparate cycling, heating, and aging of individual cells in large BEV packs when subjected to realistic travel patterns, usage of fast chargers, and climates over long durations (i.e., years). The U.S. Department of Energy's Vehicle Technologies Office has supported NREL's development of BLAST-V 'the Battery Lifetime Analysis and Simulation Tool for Vehicles' to create a tool capable of accounting for all of these factors. The authors present on the findings of applying this tool to realistic fast charge scenarios. The effects of different travel patterns, climates, battery sizes, battery thermal management systems, and other factors on battery performance and degradation are presented. The primary challenge for BEV batteries operated in the presence of fast charging is controlling maximum battery temperature, which can be achieved with active battery cooling systems.

Neubauer, J.; Wood, E.; Burton, E.; Smith, K.; Pesaran, A.

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

When are microcircuits well-modeled by maximum entropy methods?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and fire. The inputs are chosen from distributions that are either gaussian, uniform, skewed, or bimodal. For each circuit, we compute the distribution on output spiking states either analytically or by sampling, approximate by a maximum entropy fit... generation is characterized by a simple static nonlinearity, or by integrate-and-fire (LIF) threshold-crossing dynamics. However, this circuit does generate substantial higher-order correlations if the common input to the three cells is bimodal. This approach...

2010-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

59

Study of space charge compensation phenomena in charged particle beams  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The propagation of a charged particle beam is accompanied by the production of secondary particles created in the interaction of the beam itself with the background gas flowing in the accelerator tube. In the drift region, where the electric field of the electrodes is negligible, secondary particles may accumulate giving a plasma which shields the self-induced potential of the charged beam. This phenomenon, known as space charge compensation is a typical issue in accelerator physics, where it is usually addressed by means of 1D radial transport codes or Monte Carlo codes. The present paper describes some theoretical studies on this phenomenon, presenting a Particle in Cell-Monte Carlo (PIC-MC) Code developed ad hoc where both radial and axial confinements of secondary particles are calculated. The features of the model, offering a new insight on the problem, are described and some results discussed.

Veltri, P.; Serianni, G. [Consorzio RFX, C.so Stati Uniti 4, 35100 Padova (Italy); Cavenago, M. [INFN-LNL, Viale dell'Universita 2, 35020 Legnaro (Italy)

2012-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

60

Mitigation of Vehicle Fast Charge Grid Impacts with Renewables...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Energy Storage Mitigation of Vehicle Fast Charge Grid Impacts with Renewables and Energy Storage 2012 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "maximum cell charge" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Sewerage service charges  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Charges? 1945 Municipal Year Book. ? ? ? ? ? . . 30 III* Summary of Texas Cities Having Sewerage Charges and Bases Used for Such Charges, 1945................... ? ? ? ? 31 IV. Summary of Texas Cities Charging Flat Rates and Average Monthly Charges...-liquidating. An increased density of population tends to increase the pollution of the natural streams* The use of these streams by cities as a means of sewage disposal has been tolerated because the dilution has been great enough to prevent nuisances below the point...

Wright, Samuel Robert

2013-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

62

Robust statistical reconstruction for charged particle tomography  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Systems and methods for charged particle detection including statistical reconstruction of object volume scattering density profiles from charged particle tomographic data to determine the probability distribution of charged particle scattering using a statistical multiple scattering model and determine a substantially maximum likelihood estimate of object volume scattering density using expectation maximization (ML/EM) algorithm to reconstruct the object volume scattering density. The presence of and/or type of object occupying the volume of interest can be identified from the reconstructed volume scattering density profile. The charged particle tomographic data can be cosmic ray muon tomographic data from a muon tracker for scanning packages, containers, vehicles or cargo. The method can be implemented using a computer program which is executable on a computer.

2013-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

63

Effects of organic silicon compounds as additives on charge–discharge cycling efficiencies of lithium in nonaqueous electrolytes for rechargeable lithium cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Influence of mixing organic silicon compounds into 1 M (M: mol L?1) LiPF6-ethylene carbonate (EC)/ethylmethyl carbonate (EMC) (mixing volume ratio = 3:7) mixed solvent electrolytes on charge–discharge cycling efficiencies of lithium metal negative electrodes is examined. As organic silicon compounds, polyether-modified siloxanes with polyethylene oxide chains, chlorotrimethylsilane, tetraethoxysilane, cis-tetra [isobutyl (dimethylsiloxy)] cyclotetrasiloxane and cage-type silsesquioxane are investigated. Charge–discharge cycling tests of lithium are galvanostatically carried out using stainless steel working electrodes. Charge–discharge cycling efficiencies of lithium tend to improve by mixing organic silicon compounds. A cage-type silsesquioxane, octaphenyloctasilsesquioxane (Ph8T8) exhibits the highest cycling efficiency of approximately 80% with small mixing amount of 0.02 M Ph8T8. Mechanism of enhancement of lithium cycling efficiencies by mixing organic silicon compounds is considered to be due to the suppression of excess reduction of LiPF6-EC/EMC by lithium and the growth of surface film on lithium.

Ryota Yanagisawa; Hisayuki Endo; Masafumi Unno; Hideyuki Morimoto; Shin-ichi Tobishima

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Evaluating Electric Vehicle Charging Impacts and Customer Charging...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Electric Vehicle Charging Impacts and Customer Charging Behaviors: Experiences from Six Smart Grid Investment Grant Projects (December 2014) Evaluating Electric Vehicle Charging...

65

ChargePoint America Vehicle Charging Infrastructure Summary Report  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

March 2013 Number of Charging Units Charging Electricity Charging Unit - Private Not Installed to Events Consumed By Region Residential Commercia Public Specified Date...

66

ChargePoint America Vehicle Charging Infrastructure Summary Report  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

June 2013 Number of Charging Units Charging Electricity Charging Unit - Private Not Installed to Events Consumed By Region Residential Commercia Public Specified Date Performed...

67

ChargePoint America Vehicle Charging Infrastructure Summary Report  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

December 2012 Number of Charging Units Charging Electricity Charging Unit - Private Not Installed to Events Consumed By Region Residential Commercia Public Specified Date...

68

ChargePoint America Vehicle Charging Infrastructure Summary Report  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Report Project Status to Date through: March 2012 Number of Charging Units Charging Electricity Charging Unit - Private Installed to Events Consumed By State Residential...

69

ChargePoint America Vehicle Charging Infrastructure Summary Report  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

September 2012 Number of Charging Units Charging Electricity Charging Unit - Private Installed to Events Consumed By State Residential Commercial Public Not Specified Date...

70

ChargePoint America Vehicle Charging Infrastructure Summary Report  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

June 2012 Number of Charging Units Charging Electricity Charging Unit - Private Installed to Events Consumed By State Residential Commercial Public Not Specified Date Performed...

71

Magnetic charge and the charge quantization condition  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Two viewpoints concerning magnetic charge are distinguished: that of Dirac, which is unsymmetrical, and the symmetrical one, which embodies invariance under charge rotation. It is pointed out that the latter is not in conflict with the empirical asymmetry between electric and magnetic charge. The discussion is based on an action principle that uses field strengths and the vector potential A as independent variables; a second vector potential B is defined nonlocally in terms of the field strengths. This nonlocality is described by an arbitrary vector function f?(y), subject only to the restriction ??f?(y)=?(y) and the additional requirement of oddness, in the symmetrical formulation. The charge quantization conditions for a pair of idealized charges, a and b, are inferred by examining the dependence of the action W on the choice of the arbitrary mathematical function f, and requiring the uniqueness of exp [iW]. For the unsymmetrical viewpoint the half-integer condition of Dirac is obtained, eagb4?=12n, while the symmetrical formulation requires the integer condition (eagb-ebga)4?=n. The Dirac injunction, "a string must never pass through a charged particle," is criticized as unnecessarily restrictive, owing to its origin in a classical action context. As simplified by a restriction to small momentum transfers, permitting the neglect of form-factor and vacuum-polarization effects, the dynamics of a realistic system of two spin- ½ dyons is shown to involve the same interaction structure used in the idealized discussion.

Julian Schwinger

1975-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

72

Sources and Magnetic Charge  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A beginning is made on a phenomenological reconstruction of the theory of magnetic charge. The concept is introduced by reference to a new kind of photon source. It is shown that photon exchange between different source types is relativistically invariant. The space-time generalization of this coupling involves an arbitrary vector. The only way to remove a corresponding arbitrariness of physical predictions is to recognize the localization of charge and impose a charge quantization condition. The consideration of particles that carry both kinds of charge loosens the charge restrictions. The great strength of magnetic attraction indicated by g24?=4(137) suggests that ordinary matter is a magnetically neutral composite of magnetically charged particles that carry fractional electric charge. There is a brief discussion of such a magnetic model of strongly interacting particles, which makes contact with empirical classification schemes. Additional remarks on notation, and on the general nature of the source description, are appended.

Julian Schwinger

1968-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

73

Notes on Frequentist, Maximum Likelihood & Bayesian Statistics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, theory, "gut feeling," etc. · Changes the probability distribution #12;Bayesian Statistics · ProbabilityNotes on Frequentist, Maximum Likelihood & Bayesian Statistics #12;Statistical Methods · Probability is a long-term frequency statement about the data ­ if repeated, what proportion of the time would

Ernest, Holly

74

PublicationsmailagreementNo.40014024 maximum depth  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and a video camera to complete installation of the world's first regional cabled ocean observatory. NEPTUNE- tion systems that--using power and the internet--provide continuous, long-term monitoring of oceanPublicationsmailagreementNo.40014024 THE 2.7km maximum depth beneath the ocean surface of neptune

Pedersen, Tom

75

Electric Charge and Electric Field Electrostatics: Charge at rest  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Chapter 16 Electric Charge and Electric Field #12;Electrostatics: Charge at rest Electric Charges of conservation of Electric Charge: The net amount of electric charge produced in any process is zero. Model, neutral). #12;· All protons and electrons have same magnitude of electric charge but their masses

Yu, Jaehoon

76

Demand Charges | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Charges Jump to: navigation, search Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleDemandCharges&oldid488967"...

77

Adenylate energy charge in Saccharomyces cerevisiae during starvation.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Anaerobiosis Cell Count Energy Metabolism Ethanol metabolism Glucose...cells, and the energy charge fell to about 0.4. When ethanol was added to the...when starved for an energy source. In contrast, cells grown on ethanol and cells grown...

W J Ball Jr; D E Atkinson

1975-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Design of maximum density aggregate grading  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An aggregate grading that yields maximum solid density and maximum particle interlock is highly desirable for both bound mixtures, such as asphalt concrete and plain and reinforced concrete, and for unbound mixtures such as those used in base courses. Maximum particle interlock leads to high strength. Whereas minimum voids in a certain material composition is conducive to high strength and low compression. Aggregate grading may be obtained, for instance, from the ASTM, which is based on experience or may be designed according to Lees’ method. In the present work five different types of aggregates were used, each with a variety of chosen grading. It was found that Lees’ method produced the lowest porosity of all types of aggregates as well as for the various employed gradings. Lees’ rational method of aggregate grading, however, is a very lengthy and time-consuming procedure. Therefore, programming of Lees’ method is an essential step to make such an excellent method available to practicing engineers. A program named ‘ratmix’ was developed and has incorporated 58 design graphs of the Lees’ method. ratmix is a comprehensive program for Lees’ rational method; it conducts interpolation for intermediate points within the design graphs as well as between graphs of different properties.

Yahia A Abdel-Jawad; Waddah Salman Abdullah

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

System Benefits Charge  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

New York's system benefits charge (SBC), established in 1996 by the New York Public Service Commission (PSC), supports energy efficiency, education and outreach, research and development, and low...

80

Solar energy conversion and storage: Fast Green FCF-Fructose photogalvanic cell  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Photogalvanic cells are photoelectrochemical devices involving ions as mobile charges moving in solution through diffusion process. These cells are capable of solar power generation at low cost with inherent storage capacity. This property of photogalvanic cell needs to be exploited as this technology is cleaner and promising for application in daily life. Therefore, a photogalvanic cell consisting of Fast Green FCF as photosensitizer, Fructose as reductant and NaOH as alkaline medium has been studied with observed value of maximum potential 1083 mV, maximum photocurrent 431 ?A, short-circuit current 380 ?A, power at power point 138.60 ?W, efficiency 1.33%, and storage capacity (as half change time) 70 min. The observed results are higher and encouraging enough for ultimate aim of development of applicable and affordable photogalvanic cells in future.

Pooran Koli

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "maximum cell charge" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Charged elliptic flow at zero charge asymmetry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The difference between the flow ellipticities of oppositely charged pions ?v2?v2[??]?v2[?+], measured recently by the STAR Collaboration at the Brookhaven National Laboratory Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) shows a linear dependence on the event charge asymmetry A±?(N+?N?)/(N++N?):?v2(A±)=?v2(0)+rA± with a slope r>0 and a nonzero intercept ?v2(0)>0 on the order of 10?4. We discuss two novel mechanisms, which could explain the nonzero value of the charged elliptic flow ?v2 at zero charge asymmetry A±=0, i.e., the nonzero positive intercept ?v2(0). Both effects are due to the electric fields created by the colliding ions. These fields have quadrupole asymmetry of the magnitude and the sign needed to account for the nonzero intercept ?v2(0)>0 in the RHIC data. One of the mechanisms also involves the chiral magnetic effect. This mechanism, although negligible at RHIC energies, may become important at the CERN Large Hadron Collider energies.

Mikhail Stephanov and Ho-Ung Yee

2013-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

82

Image Charge Differential  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Image Charge Differential Amplifier FT 0 Crude Oil Time (s) 543210 Frequency (kHz) m/z m q B f Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry (FT-ICR MS) uses the frequency of cyclotron motion of the ions in a static magnetic field to determine the mass-to-charge ratio, which is then used

Weston, Ken

83

Utility Grid EV charging  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Main Utility Grid EV charging PCC Batteries DC Load EV charging Flywheel Interlinking converter PV or large distance interconnected grids, to energy efficient applications in distribution system, energy storage systems and local loads as a local grid, is gaining more interests due to its potential

Chaudhary, Sanjay

84

Accelerated maximum likelihood parameter estimation for stochastic biochemical systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

as: Daigle et al. : Accelerated maximum likelihood parame-Gillespie DT: Approximate accelerated stochastic simulationARTICLE Open Access Accelerated maximum likelihood parameter

Daigle, Bernie J; Roh, Min K; Petzold, Linda R; Niemi, Jarad

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

The Hybrid Maximum Principle is a consequence of Pontryagin ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We give a simple proof of the Maximum Principle for smooth hybrid control sys- ... result in the study of such problems is Hybrid Maximum Principle proved in [4] ...

2006-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

86

Mapping Particle Charges in Battery Electrodes  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Mapping Particle Charges in Battery Electrodes Print Mapping Particle Charges in Battery Electrodes Print The deceivingly simple appearance of batteries masks their chemical complexity. A typical lithium-ion battery in a cell phone consists of trillions of particles. When a lithium-ion battery is charged or discharged lithium ions move from one electrode to another, filling and unfilling individual, variably-sized battery particles. The rates of these processes determine how much power a battery can deliver. Despite the technological innovations and widespread use of batteries, the mechanism behind charging and discharging particles remains largely a mystery, partly because it is difficult to visualize the motion of lithium ions for a significant number of battery particles at nanoscale resolution.

87

Mapping Particle Charges in Battery Electrodes  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Mapping Particle Charges in Battery Electrodes Print Mapping Particle Charges in Battery Electrodes Print The deceivingly simple appearance of batteries masks their chemical complexity. A typical lithium-ion battery in a cell phone consists of trillions of particles. When a lithium-ion battery is charged or discharged lithium ions move from one electrode to another, filling and unfilling individual, variably-sized battery particles. The rates of these processes determine how much power a battery can deliver. Despite the technological innovations and widespread use of batteries, the mechanism behind charging and discharging particles remains largely a mystery, partly because it is difficult to visualize the motion of lithium ions for a significant number of battery particles at nanoscale resolution.

88

Pulse charging device  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper describes a device for pulse charging of capacitor storage devices of high-power nanosecond generators. The charging voltage reaches 30 kV, the charged capacitance is 2-100 nF, the charging time is 5-10 usec, the pulse frequency reaches 10 kHz, and the average power of the device is 15 kW. The device uses two-section oscillatory charging of the capacitors from a dc supply through high-speed thyristors and a pulse transformer. The described device is intended for use as part of a test bench for high-power nanosecond pulse generators for pumping gas lasers and their components.

Butakov, L.D.; Dubich, V.K.; Lashuk, N.A.; Shubkin, N.G.; Vizir', V.A.

1986-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Solar Energy for Charging Fork Truck Batteries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

this price decrease in mind and does an economic study on the feasibility of using photovoltaic cells to charge electric fork lift trucks, at different costs per peak watt. This particular idea could be used as a measure of energy conservation for industrial...

Viljoen, T. A.; Turner, W. C.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

LANDFILL OPERATION FOR CARBON SEQUESTRATION AND MAXIMUM METHANE EMISSION CONTROL  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The work described in this report, to demonstrate and advance this technology, has used two demonstration-scale cells of size (8000 metric tons [tonnes]), sufficient to replicate many heat and compaction characteristics of larger ''full-scale'' landfills. An enhanced demonstration cell has received moisture supplementation to field capacity. This is the maximum moisture waste can hold while still limiting liquid drainage rate to minimal and safely manageable levels. The enhanced landfill module was compared to a parallel control landfill module receiving no moisture additions. Gas recovery has continued for a period of over 4 years. It is quite encouraging that the enhanced cell methane recovery has been close to 10-fold that experienced with conventional landfills. This is the highest methane recovery rate per unit waste, and thus progress toward stabilization, documented anywhere for such a large waste mass. This high recovery rate is attributed to moisture, and elevated temperature attained inexpensively during startup. Economic analyses performed under Phase I of this NETL contract indicate ''greenhouse cost effectiveness'' to be excellent. Other benefits include substantial waste volume loss (over 30%) which translates to extended landfill life. Other environmental benefits include rapidly improved quality and stabilization (lowered pollutant levels) in liquid leachate which drains from the waste.

Don Augenstein

2001-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Telecommunications International Cell Phone  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Telecommunications International Cell Phone 1. Fax completed form to 979.847.1111. 2. If you do will be charged. Date Cell Phone Needed Cell Phone Pick-Up Date Cell Phone User Travel Destination(s) United States Number Destination Country Number Cell Phone Type Digital Satellite Cell Phone Return Date Notes

92

Maximum mass of magnetic white dwarfs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We revisit in this work the problem of the maximum masses of magnetized White Dwarfs (WD). The impact of a strong magnetic field onto the structure equations is addressed. The pressures become anisotropic due to the presence of the magnetic field and split into a parallel and perpendicular components. We first construct stable solutions of TOV equations for the parallel pressures, and found that physical solutions vanish for the perpendicular pressure when $B \\gtrsim 10^{13}$ G. This fact establishes an upper bound for a magnetic field and the stability of the configurations in the (quasi) spherical approximation. Our findings also indicate that it is not possible to obtain stable magnetized WD with super Chandrasekhar masses because the values of the magnetic field needed for them are higher than this bound. To proceed into the anisotropic regime, we derived structure equations appropriated for a cylindrical metric with anisotropic pressures. From the solutions of the structure equations in cylindrical symme...

Paret, D Manreza; Horvath, J E

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Critical insulation thickness for maximum entropy generation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Critical insulation thickness is known to refer to the insulation thickness that maximises the rate of heat transfer in cylindrical and spherical systems. The same analogy is extended to the rate of entropy generation in the present study. The possible critical insulation thickness that yields a maximum rate of entropy generation is investigated. Entropy generation is related to heat transfer through and temperature distribution within the insulation material. It is found that there exists a critical insulation thickness for maximising the rate of entropy generation that is a function of the Bi number and the surface to ambient temperature ratio. The solution of such critical thickness is formulated analytically for both cylindrical and spherical geometries. It is also found that the critical insulation thickness for the rate of entropy generation does not coincide with that for the rate of heat transfer.

Ahmet Z. Sahin

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

taking charge : optimizing urban charging infrastructure for shared electric vehicles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis analyses the opportunities and constraints of deploying charging infrastructure for shared electric vehicles in urban environments. Existing electric vehicle charging infrastructure for privately owned vehicles ...

Subramani, Praveen

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Relation between charge carrier mobility and lifetime in organic photovoltaics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The relationship between charge carrier lifetime and mobility in a bulk heterojunction based organic solar cell utilizing diketopyrrolopyrole-naphthalene co-polymer and PC71BM in the photoactive blend layer is investigated using the photoinduced charge extraction by linearly increasing voltage technique. Light intensity delay time and temperature dependent experiments are used to quantify the charge carrier mobility and density as well as the temperature dependence of both. From the saturation of photoinduced current at high laser intensities it is shown that Langevin-type bimolecular recombination is present in the studied system. The charge carrier lifetime especially in Langevin systems is discussed to be an ambiguous and unreliable parameter to determine the performance of organic solar cells because of the dependence of charge carrier lifetime on charge carrier density mobility and type of recombination. It is revealed that the relation between charge mobility (?) and lifetime (?) is inversely proportional where the ?? product is independent of temperature. The results indicate that in photovoltaic systems with Langevin type bimolecular recombination the strategies to increase the charge lifetime might not be beneficial because of an accompanying reduction in charge carrier mobility. Instead the focus on non-Langevin mechanisms of recombination is crucial because this allows an increase in the charge extraction rate by improving the carrier lifetime density and mobility simultaneously.

Chellappan Vijila; Samarendra P. Singh; Prashant Sonar; Almantas Pivrikas; Bronson Philippa; Elumalai Naveen Kumar; S. Gomathy Sandhya; Sergey Gorelik; Jonathan Hobley; Akihiro Furube; Hiroyuki Matsuzaki; Ryuzi Katoh

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Charged Schrodinger black holes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We construct charged and rotating asymptotically Schrödinger black hole solutions of type IIB supergravity. We begin by obtaining a closed-form expression for the null Melvin twist of a broad class of type IIB backgrounds, ...

Adams, Allan

97

International aeronautical user charges  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Introduction: 1.1 BACKGROUND AND MOTIVATION Very few issues relating to the international air transportation industry are today as divisive as those pertaining to user charges imposed at international airports and enroute ...

Odoni, Amedeo R.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Small Scale CHP and Fuel Cell Incentive Program (New Jersey) | Department  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Small Scale CHP and Fuel Cell Incentive Program (New Jersey) Small Scale CHP and Fuel Cell Incentive Program (New Jersey) Small Scale CHP and Fuel Cell Incentive Program (New Jersey) < Back Eligibility Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Institutional Local Government Multi-Family Residential Nonprofit Schools State Government Savings Category Commercial Heating & Cooling Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Wind Maximum Rebate Limits (% of cost) vary by system type, but the following limits also exist: NJCEP Incentive: $1 million Pay for Performance Bonus Incentive: $250,000 Utility Match: $1 million Overall Maximum: $2.25 million Program Info Funding Source New Jersey Societal Benefits Charge (public benefits fund) State New Jersey Program Type State Grant Program

99

Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Wireless Charging  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Presentation given by Oak Ridge National Laboratory at 2014 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about wireless charging.

100

Maximum likelihood continuity mapping for fraud detection  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The author describes a novel time-series analysis technique called maximum likelihood continuity mapping (MALCOM), and focuses on one application of MALCOM: detecting fraud in medical insurance claims. Given a training data set composed of typical sequences, MALCOM creates a stochastic model of sequence generation, called a continuity map (CM). A CM maximizes the probability of sequences in the training set given the model constraints, CMs can be used to estimate the likelihood of sequences not found in the training set, enabling anomaly detection and sequence prediction--important aspects of data mining. Since MALCOM can be used on sequences of categorical data (e.g., sequences of words) as well as real valued data, MALCOM is also a potential replacement for database search tools such as N-gram analysis. In a recent experiment, MALCOM was used to evaluate the likelihood of patient medical histories, where ``medical history`` is used to mean the sequence of medical procedures performed on a patient. Physicians whose patients had anomalous medical histories (according to MALCOM) were evaluated for fraud by an independent agency. Of the small sample (12 physicians) that has been evaluated, 92% have been determined fraudulent or abusive. Despite the small sample, these results are encouraging.

Hogden, J.

1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "maximum cell charge" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Physical limits for high ion charge states in pulsed discharges in vacuum  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Short-pulse, high-current discharges in vacuum were investigated with the goal to maximize the ion charge state number. In a direct extension of previous work [Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 041502 (2008)], the role of pulse length, rate of current rise, and current amplitude was studied. For all experimental conditions, the usable (extractable) mean ion charge state could not be pushed beyond 7+. Instead, a maximum of the mean ion charge state (about 6+ to 7+ for most cathode materials) was found for a power of 2-3 MW dissipated in the discharge gap. The maximum is the result of two opposing processes that occur when the power is increased: (i) the formation of higher ion charge states, and (ii) a greater production of neutrals (both metal and non-metal), which reduces the charge state via charge exchange collisions.

Yushkov, Georgy; Anders, Andre

2008-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

102

HIGH CHARGE EFFECTS IN SILICON DRIFT DETECTORS WITH LATERAL CONFINEMENT OF ELECTRONS.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A new drift detector prototype which provides suppression of the lateral diffusion of electrons has been tested as a function of the signal charge up to high charge levels, when electrostatic repulsion is not negligible. The lateral diffusion of the electron cloud has been measured for injected charges up to 2 {center_dot} 10{sup 5} electrons. The maximum number of electrons for which the suppression of the lateral spread is effective is obtained.

CASTOLDI,A.; REHAK,P.

1995-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

103

Visualization of Charge Distribution in a Lithium Battery Electrode  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We describe a method for direct determination and visualization of the distribution of charge in a composite electrode. Using synchrotron X-ray microdiffraction, state-of-charge profiles in-plane and normal to the current collector were measured. In electrodes charged at high rate, the signatures of nonuniform current distribution were evident. The portion of a prismatic cell electrode closest to the current collector tab had the highest state of charge due to electronic resistance in the composite electrode and supporting foil. In a coin cell electrode, the active material at the electrode surface was more fully charged than that close to the current collector because the limiting factor in this case is ion conduction in the electrolyte contained within the porous electrode.

Liu, Jun; Kunz, Martin; Chen, Kai; Tamura, Nobumichi; Richardson, Thomas J.

2010-07-02T23:59:59.000Z

104

EV Charging Infrastructure  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Charging Infrastructure Charging Infrastructure JOHN DAVIS: Virtually anywhere in the U.S. you can bring light to a room with the flick of a finger. We take it for granted, but creating the national electric grid to make that possible took decades to accomplish. Now, in just a few years, we've seen the birth of a new infrastructure that allows electric vehicles to quickly recharge their batteries at home, work, or wherever they may roam. But this rapid growth has come with a few growing pains. Starting with less than 500 in 2009, there are now over 19,000 public-access charging outlets available to electric vehicles owners at commuter lots, parking garages, airports, retail areas and thousands of

105

Adaptive Estimation of Thermal Dynamics and Charge Imbalance in Battery Strings.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Effective battery management relies on accurate monitoring of battery states, including temperature, state of charge, and voltage among others. The large number of cells used… (more)

Lin, Xinfan

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Charged Vacuum Bubble Stability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A type of scenario is considered where electrically charged vacuum bubbles, formed from degenerate or nearly degenerate vacuua separated by a thin domain wall, are cosmologically produced due to the breaking of a discrete symmetry, with the bubble charge arising from fermions residing within the domain wall. Stability issues associated with wall tension, fermion gas, and Coulombic effects for such configurations are examined. The stability of a bubble depends upon parameters such as the symmetry breaking scale and the fermion coupling. A dominance of either the Fermi gas or the Coulomb contribution may be realized under certain conditions, depending upon parameter values.

J. R. Morris

1998-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

107

Comment on "Efficiency of Isothermal Molecular Machines at Maximum Power"  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Comment on "Efficiency of Isothermal Molecular Machines at Maximum Power" (PRL 108, 210602 (2012), arXiv:1201.6396)

Yunxin Zhang

2012-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

108

Thermodynamics, Entropy, Information and the Efficiency of Solar Cells  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

state-of-the-art photovoltaic cells. Prog. Photovolt: Res.efficiency of an ideal photovoltaic cell with charge carrierefficiency of photovoltaic and photoelectrolysis cells with

Abrams, Zeev R.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Estimating the maximum potential revenue for grid connected electricity storage : arbitrage and regulation.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The valuation of an electricity storage device is based on the expected future cash ow generated by the device. Two potential sources of income for an electricity storage system are energy arbitrage and participation in the frequency regulation market. Energy arbitrage refers to purchasing (stor- ing) energy when electricity prices are low, and selling (discharging) energy when electricity prices are high. Frequency regulation is an ancillary service geared towards maintaining system frequency, and is typically procured by the independent system operator in some type of market. This paper outlines the calculations required to estimate the maximum potential revenue from participating in these two activities. First, a mathematical model is presented for the state of charge as a function of the storage device parameters and the quantities of electricity purchased/sold as well as the quantities o ered into the regulation market. Using this mathematical model, we present a linear programming optimization approach to calculating the maximum potential revenue from an elec- tricity storage device. The calculation of the maximum potential revenue is critical in developing an upper bound on the value of storage, as a benchmark for evaluating potential trading strate- gies, and a tool for capital nance risk assessment. Then, we use historical California Independent System Operator (CAISO) data from 2010-2011 to evaluate the maximum potential revenue from the Tehachapi wind energy storage project, an American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA) energy storage demonstration project. We investigate the maximum potential revenue from two di erent scenarios: arbitrage only and arbitrage combined with the regulation market. Our analysis shows that participation in the regulation market produces four times the revenue compared to arbitrage in the CAISO market using 2010 and 2011 data. Then we evaluate several trading strategies to illustrate how they compare to the maximum potential revenue benchmark. We conclude with a sensitivity analysis with respect to key parameters.

Byrne, Raymond Harry; Silva Monroy, Cesar Augusto.

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Pattern formation, logistics, and maximum path probability  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The concept of pattern formation, which to current researchers is a synonym for self-organization, carries the connotation of deductive logic together with the process of spontaneous inference. Defining a pattern as an equivalence relation on a set of thermodynamic objects, we establish that a large class of irreversible pattern-forming systems, evolving along idealized quasisteady paths, approaches the stable steady state as a mapping upon the formal deductive imperatives of a propositional function calculus. In the preamble the classical reversible thermodynamics of composite systems is analyzed as an externally manipulated system of space partitioning and classification based on ideal enclosures and diaphragms. The diaphragms have discrete classificationcapabilities which are designated in relation to conserved quantities by descriptors such as impervious, diathermal, and adiabatic. Differentiability in the continuum thermodynamic calculus is invoked as equivalent to analyticity and consistency in the underlying class or sentential calculus. The seat of inference, however, rests with the thermodynamicist. In the transition to an irreversible pattern-forming system the defined nature of the composite reservoirs remains, but a given diaphragm is replaced by a pattern-forming system which by its nature is a spontaneously evolving volume partitioner and classifier of invariants. The seat of volition or inference for the classification system is thus transferred from the experimenter or theoretician to the diaphragm, and with it the full deductive facility. The equivalence relations or partitions associated with the emerging patterns may thus be associated with theorems of the natural pattern-forming calculus. The entropyfunction, together with its derivatives, is the vehicle which relates the logistics of reservoirs and diaphragms to the analog logistics of the continuum. Maximum path probability or second-order differentiability of the entropy in isolation are sufficiently strong interpretations of the second law of thermodynamics to define the approach to and the nature of patterned stable steady states. For many pattern-forming systems these principles define quantifiable stable states as maxima or minima (or both) in the dissipation. An elementary statistical-mechanical proof is offered. To turn the argument full circle, the transformations of the partitions and classes which are predicated upon such minimax entropic paths can through digital modeling be directly identified with the syntactic and inferential elements of deductive logic. It follows therefore that all self-organizing or pattern-forming systems which possess stable steady states approach these states according to the imperatives of formal logic, the optimum pattern with its rich endowment ofequivalence relations representing the central theorem of the associated calculus. Logic is thus ‘‘the stuff of the universe,’’ and biological evolution with its culmination in the human brain is the most significant example of all the irreversible pattern-forming processes. We thus conclude with a few remarks on the relevance of the contribution to the theory of evolution and to research on artificial intelligence.

J. S. Kirkaldy

1985-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

ChargePoint America  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

2013 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting

112

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #410: February 6, 2006 Maximum Speed  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

0: February 6, 0: February 6, 2006 Maximum Speed Limits by State, 2005 to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #410: February 6, 2006 Maximum Speed Limits by State, 2005 on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #410: February 6, 2006 Maximum Speed Limits by State, 2005 on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #410: February 6, 2006 Maximum Speed Limits by State, 2005 on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #410: February 6, 2006 Maximum Speed Limits by State, 2005 on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #410: February 6, 2006 Maximum Speed Limits by State, 2005 on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #410: February 6, 2006 Maximum Speed Limits by State, 2005 on AddThis.com...

113

Charged anisotropic matter with linear or nonlinear equation of state  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Ivanov pointed out substantial analytical difficulties associated with self-gravitating, static, isotropic fluid spheres when pressure explicitly depends on matter density. Simplifications achieved with the introduction of electric charge were noticed as well. We deal with self-gravitating, charged, anisotropic fluids and get even more flexibility in solving the Einstein-Maxwell equations. In order to discuss analytical solutions we extend Krori and Barua’s method to include pressure anisotropy and linear or nonlinear equations of state. The field equations are reduced to a system of three algebraic equations for the anisotropic pressures as well as matter and electrostatic energy densities. Attention is paid to compact sources characterized by positive matter density and positive radial pressure. Arising solutions satisfy the energy conditions of general relativity. Spheres with vanishing net charge contain fluid elements with unbounded proper charge density located at the fluid-vacuum interface. Notably the electric force acting on these fluid elements is finite, although the acting electric field is zero. Net charges can be huge (1019C) and maximum electric field intensities are very large (1023–1024??statvolt/cm) even in the case of zero net charge. Inward-directed fluid forces caused by pressure anisotropy may allow equilibrium configurations with larger net charges and electric field intensities than those found in studies of charged isotropic fluids. Links of these results with charged strange quark stars as well as models of dark matter including massive charged particles are highlighted. The van der Waals equation of state leading to matter densities constrained by cubic polynomial equations is briefly considered. The fundamental question of stability is left open.

Victor Varela; Farook Rahaman; Saibal Ray; Koushik Chakraborty; Mehedi Kalam

2010-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

114

EVSE Features Charge Delay Option Power Light Indicator Eight-segment Progress Indicator Auto-restart  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Charge Delay Option Power Light Indicator Charge Delay Option Power Light Indicator Eight-segment Progress Indicator Auto-restart EVSE Specifications Grid connection Plug and cord NEMA 6-50 Connector type J1772 Test lab certifications UL Listed Approximate size (H x W x D inches) 10 x 13 x 4 Charge level AC Level 2 Input voltage 240 VAC Maximum input current 30 Amp Circuit breaker rating 40 Amp Test Conditions 1 Test date 10/30/2012 Nominal supply voltage (Vrms) 209.04 Supply frequency (Hz) 59.99 Initial ambient temperature (°F) 64 Test Vehicle 1,3 Make and model 2012 Chevrolet Volt Battery type Li-ion Steady state charge power (AC kW) 3.09 Maximum charge power (AC kW) 3.20 EVSE Test Results 1,2,4

115

AVTA: Siemens-VersiCharge AC Level 2 Charging System Testing...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Siemens-VersiCharge AC Level 2 Charging System Testing Results AVTA: Siemens-VersiCharge AC Level 2 Charging System Testing Results The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced...

116

Charge! for Scientists  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Charge! for Scientists Charge! for Scientists This show can be adapted for grades 2-8. Materials This equipment is located in the Lederman Science Center. Please talk to Susan Dahl. Balloons PVC pipe and wool Electroscope (glass jar with wire hanging from top and two small pieces of aluminum foil hanging from wire) Van de Graaff generator Bar magnets with opposite ends painted blue and red Circular magnets and pencils Compass Iron filings Battery, wire and nail Things kids can do at home Olga's overheads David Christian's PowerPoint Demos Balloons - Ask for a few volunteers and have them rub a balloon on their head or shirt. PVC pipe and wool - Pour a bunch of pieces of various material onto the table in the front of the room, including pieces of aluminum foil, styrofoam peanuts, paper clips, staples. Have a student rub the wool on the

117

THE ELECTRIC PROGRAM INVESTMENT CHARGE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE ELECTRIC PROGRAM INVESTMENT CHARGE: PROPOSED 201214 TRIENNIAL INVESTMENT PLAN The California Energy Commission has prepared this triennial investment plan (2012 ­ 2014) for the new Electric, 2012, Phase 2 Decision 1205037. This decision established the Electric Program Investment Charge

118

Charged Particle Radiography  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Coulomb multiple scattering of charged particles as they pass through material allows them to be used as a radiographic probe. This forms the basis for a new kind of radiography that is finding application where conventional x-ray radiography is limited by flux or backgrounds. Charged-particle radiography is providing a versatile new probe that has advantages over conventional x-ray radiography for some unique application. Proton radiography has been used to make quantitative motion pictures of high explosive driven experiments and proves to be of great value for radiographing experiments that mock up nuclear weapon primaries for stockpile certification. By taking advantage of magnetic lens to magnify images and by using the very bright beams that can be made with electrons, charged-particle radiography may be useful for studying the fine spatial detail and very fast motion in laser driven implosion experiments at the National Ignition Facility. Finally, radiographs can be made using cosmic-ray muons for searching vehicles and cargo containers for surreptitious cargo of high z materials such as uranium or plutonium.

Morris, Chris (LANL) [LANL

2004-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

119

Holography, charge and baryon asymmetry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The reason for baryon asymmetry in our universe has been a pertinent question for many years. The holographic principle suggests a charged preon model underlies the Standard Model of particle physics and any such charged preon model requires baryon asymmetry. This note estimates the baryon asymmetry predicted by charged preon models in closed inflationary Friedmann universes.

T. R. Mongan

2012-02-08T23:59:59.000Z

120

Engineer End Uses for Maximum Efficiency | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

for Maximum Efficiency (August 2004) More Documents & Publications Maintaining System Air Quality Compressed Air Storage Strategies Alternative Strategies for Low Pressure End Uses...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "maximum cell charge" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Telefonix, Inc. | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Inc. Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Telefonix, Inc. As an ISO 1400 certified manufacturer of plug-in electric vehicle (PEV) charging stations, workplace charging is a part...

122

Car Charging Group Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Car Charging Group, Inc. Place: Miami Beach, Florida Product: Miami Beach, USA based installer of plug-in vehicle charge equipment. References: Car Charging Group, Inc.1 This...

123

Determination of time zero from a charged particle detector  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method, system and computer program is used to determine a linear track having a good fit to a most likely or expected path of charged particle passing through a charged particle detector having a plurality of drift cells. Hit signals from the charged particle detector are associated with a particular charged particle track. An initial estimate of time zero is made from these hit signals and linear tracks are then fit to drift radii for each particular time-zero estimate. The linear track having the best fit is then searched and selected and errors in fit and tracking parameters computed. The use of large and expensive fast detectors needed to time zero in the charged particle detectors can be avoided by adopting this method and system.

Green, Jesse Andrew (Los Alamos, NM)

2011-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

124

How Fuel Cells Work  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

How Fuel Cells Work How Fuel Cells Work Diagram: How a PEM fuel cell works. 1. Hydrogen fuel is channeled through field flow plates to the anode on one side of the fuel cell, while oxygen from the air is channeled to the cathode on the other side of the cell. 2. At the anode, a platinum catalyst causes the hydrogen to split into positive hydrogen ions (protons) and negatively charged electrons. 3. The Polymer Electrolyte Membrane (PEM) allows only the positively charged ions to pass through it to the cathode. The negatively charged electrons must travel along an external circuit to the cathode, creating an electrical current. 4. At the cathode, the electrons and positively charged hydrogen ions combine with oxygen to form water, which flows out of the cell.

125

Maximum Constant Boost Control of the Z-Source Inverter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Maximum Constant Boost Control of the Z-Source Inverter Miaosen Shen1 , Jin Wang1 , Alan Joseph1 Laboratory Abstract: This paper proposes two maximum constant boost control methods for the Z-source inverter to modulation index is analyzed in detail and verified by simulation and experiment. Keywords- Z-source inverter

Tolbert, Leon M.

126

Acceleration of Maximum Likelihood Estimation for Tomosynthesis Mammography  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the amount of x-ray radiation exposure to the patients, tomosynthesis uses a lower dose of x-ray than convenAcceleration of Maximum Likelihood Estimation for Tomosynthesis Mammography Juemin Zhang, Waleed twu2@partners.org Abstract Maximum likelihood (ML) estimation is used dur- ing tomosynthesis

Meleis, Waleed

127

Maximum Residual Energy Routing with Reverse Energy Cost  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

node consumes energy, but the receiving node does not. This assumption is not true if acknowledgementsMaximum Residual Energy Routing with Reverse Energy Cost Qiling Xie, Chin-Tau Lea, Mordecai J-The Maximum Residual Energy Path (MREP) routing has been shown an effective routing scheme for energy

Fleischer, Rudolf

128

The Importance of Perovskite Pore Filling in Organometal Mixed Halide Sensitized TiO2-Based Solar Cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

(3, 4) Solid-state dye-sensitized solar cells (ssDSSCs) have, however, fallen short of the predicted performances, reaching a maximum of 7.2% power conversion efficiency when using custom-synthesized light-absorbing dyes and specially designed dopants to improve the charge transport in the hole transporting layer. ... Snaith, H. J.Estimating the Maximum Attainable Efficiency in Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells Adv. ... and optical losses in the dye-sensitized system are reviewed, and the main losses in potential from the conversion of an absorbed photon at the optical bandgap of the sensitizer to the open-circuit voltage generated by the solar cell are specifically highlighted. ...

Tomas Leijtens; Beat Lauber; Giles E. Eperon; Samuel D. Stranks; Henry J. Snaith

2014-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

129

Workplace Charging Challenge Progress Update 2014: Employers Take Charge  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Workplace Charging Challenge Progress Update 2014 highlights the progress of the Challenge and its partners as determined through the annual partner survey.

130

Multi junction solar cells using band-gap induced cascaded light absorption  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We propose multi junction solar cells using an optical reflection system formed by arranging plural solar cells in decreasing order of their band gaps for achieving cascaded light absorption by their own band gaps: the first solar cell absorbs some light with a photon energy higher than the highest band gap and reflects the residual light with a lower photon energy to the second solar cell. We further propose to use plural batteries for charging electrical power generated by the individual solar cells to overcome the current matching problem in the multi-junction solar cells. We experimentally demonstrated reflection-type multi junction solar cells using commercially available hydrogenated amorphous silicon (a-Si:H) and crystalline silicon (c-Si) solar cells using air mass 1.5 light illumination. A high open circuit voltage of 24.3 V was achieved, which was a sum of 19.3 and 5.0 V for the individual a-Si:H and c-Si solar cells. However, since there was no current matching between the a-Si:H and c-Si solar cells, the a-Si:H?c-Si serially connected solar cell gave a maximum power of 0.057 W, which was lower than 0.063 W, the sum of those for the individual a-Si:H and c-Si solar cells. The method of charging electrical power from individual solar cells is useful to efficiently achieve electrical power from individual a-Si:H and c-Si solar cells in the absence of current matching in multi junction solar cells.

Toshiyuki Sameshima; Hitomi Nomura; Shinya Yoshidomi; Masahiko Hasumi

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Charge Density Wave Compounds  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Fisher Research Group Fisher Research Group Layered Chalcogenides 29 February 2008 Controlling the Wave by Brad Plummer, SLAC Communications Stanford University researchers working in part at SSRL have discovered a novel set of properties pertaining to a compound of materials called tritellurides. These compounds, composed of three atoms of tellurium and a single atom of one of the rare earth elements, demonstrate unique electronic properties that can be controlled by altering the temperature of the material. The tritellurides display phenomena known as charge density waves (CDW). In a normal conductive metal, electrons persist in a "sea" wherein they are evenly distributed and equally available, or conductive. A CDW occurs under certain circumstances and causes the electrons to clump together, lowering their availability, and thereby lowering the compound's conductivity. Tellurium, when crystallized into quasi-two-dimensional planes and combined with rare earth elements, produces a material with CDWs that can be manipulated and controlled.

132

NERSC HPSS Charging  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

HPSS Charging NERSC uses Storage Resource Units (SRUs) to help manage HPSS storage. The goal is to provide a balanced computing environment with appropriate amounts of storage and adequate bandwidth to keep the compute engines fed with data. Performance and usage tracking allows NERSC to anticipate demand and maintain a responsive storage environment. Storage management also recognizes storage as a distinct resource in support of an increasing amount of data intensive computing. Storage management and the quota system are intended to encourage efficient usage by the user community. SRU Management SRUs are reported and managed through the NERSC Information Management (NIM) system. If a user is out of SRUs in all of their HPSS repositories that user will be restricted so that they can no longer write data to HPSS

133

Optimized Designs and Materials for Nanostructure Based Solar Cells  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

energy conversion efficiency of solar cells increased steadily in the last decade through enhanced photon absorption and charge carrier

Shao, Qinghui

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Technology: Charging towards the superbattery  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... and electrolyte. But there is still no lithium battery light enough to power a small electric car over a reasonable distance on a single charge.

Bruno Scrosati

2011-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

135

Workplace Charging Challenge Summit 2014  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Challenge partners and ambassadors from across the country convened at the Workplace Charging Challenge Summit 2014 to network with their peers, participate in interactive breakout sessions, and...

136

Overcharge tolerant high-temperature cells and batteries  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

In a lithium-alloy/metal sulfide high temperature electrochemical cell, cell damage caused by overcharging is avoided by providing excess lithium in a high-lithium solubility phase alloy in the negative electrode and a specified ratio maximum of the capacity of a matrix metal of the negative electrode in the working phase to the capacity of a transition metal of the positive electrode. In charging the cell, or a plurality of such cells in series and/or parallel, chemical transfer of elemental lithium from the negative electrode through the electrolyte to the positive electrode provides sufficient lithium to support an increased self-charge current to avoid anodic dissolution of the positive electrode components above a critical potential. The lithium is subsequently electrochemically transferred back to the negative electrode in an electrochemical/chemical cycle which maintains high self-discharge currents on the order of 3-15 mA/cm.sup.2 in the cell to prevent overcharging.

Redey, Laszlo (Downers Grove, IL); Nelson, Paul A. (Wheaton, IL)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Maximum Photovoltaic Penetration Levels on Typical Distribution Feeders: Preprint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents simulation results for a taxonomy of typical distribution feeders with various levels of photovoltaic (PV) penetration. For each of the 16 feeders simulated, the maximum PV penetration that did not result in steady-state voltage or current violation is presented for several PV location scenarios: clustered near the feeder source, clustered near the midpoint of the feeder, clustered near the end of the feeder, randomly located, and evenly distributed. In addition, the maximum level of PV is presented for single, large PV systems at each location. Maximum PV penetration was determined by requiring that feeder voltages stay within ANSI Range A and that feeder currents stay within the ranges determined by overcurrent protection devices. Simulations were run in GridLAB-D using hourly time steps over a year with randomized load profiles based on utility data and typical meteorological year weather data. For 86% of the cases simulated, maximum PV penetration was at least 30% of peak load.

Hoke, A.; Butler, R.; Hambrick, J.; Kroposki, B.

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

On the maximum pressure rise rate in boosted HCCI operation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper explores the combined effects of boosting, intake air temperature, trapped residual gas fraction, and dilution on the Maximum Pressure Rise Rate (MPRR) in a boosted single cylinder gasoline HCCI engine with ...

Wildman, Craig B.

139

Nonstationary analysis of annual maximum streamflow of Canada  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Both natural climate change and anthropogenic impacts may cause nonstationarities in hydrological extremes. In this study, long-term annual maximum streamflow (AMS) records from 145 stations over Canada were used to investigate the nonstationary ...

Xuezhi Tan; Thian Yew Gan

140

Propane spectral resolution enhancement by the maximum entropy method  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Burg algorithm for maximum entropy power spectral density estimation is applied to a time series of data obtained from a Michelson interferometer and compared with a standard fast...

Bonavito, N L; Yeh, K C; Stewart, K P; Inguva, R; Hurley, E J

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "maximum cell charge" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

PSM: Lithium-Ion Battery State of Charge (SOC) and Critical Surface Charge (CSC) Estimation using an Electrochemical Model-driven  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PSM: Lithium-Ion Battery State of Charge (SOC) and Critical Surface Charge (CSC) Estimation using Abstract-- This paper presents a numerical calculation of the evolution of the spatially-resolved solid concentration in the two electrodes of a lithium-ion cell. The microscopic solid con- centration is driven

Stefanopoulou, Anna

142

Is there a maximum observable redshift in an open universe?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An estimate of the maximum observable redshift is obtained using only t_{0} approximately equal to (14+- 3)10^{9}years, H_{0} approximately equal to 65 +- 10Km\\sec^{-1}Mpc^{-1}(t_{0}H_{0} approximately equal to 0.91 +- 0.08/0.18) assuming \\Lambda approximately equal to 0. The resulting maximum redshift z_{+} approximately equal to 10 appears to give a reasonable upper limit to the highest actually observed redshifts. Some implications are discussed.

J. A. Gonzalo

2000-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

143

Efficiency at maximum power of interacting molecular machines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate the efficiency of systems of molecular motors operating at maximum power. We consider two models of kinesin motors on a microtubule: for both the simplified and the detailed model, we find that the many-body exclusion effect enhances the efficiency at maximum power of the many-motor system, with respect to the single motor case. Remarkably, we find that this effect occurs in a limited region of the system parameters, compatible with the biologically relevant range.

N. Golubeva; A. Imparato

2012-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

144

Furman University Cell Phone Allowance Request Form  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Furman University Cell Phone Allowance Request Form Date Payment: $___________ All cell phone allowance payments are departmental responsibility and considered other compensation charged to object code ________. The cell phone allowance will start at the next

145

Policy Implications from: -Charging Surveys  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

? · Do customers have a garage? · Can users install charging? Vehicle Purchase · When, where, and how infrastructure needs 2-4 times Free charging decreases electric miles for BEVs Modeling shows that with larger project in San Diego (Ecotality) State rebate program (CCSE) Data collected February-March 2012 New

California at Davis, University of

146

R-charge Kills Monopoles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Large charge density, unlike high temperature, may lead to nonrestoration of global and gauge symmetries. Supersymmetric GUTs with the appealing scenario of unification scale being generated dynamically naturally contain global continuous $R$ symmetries. We point out that the presence of a large $R$ charge in the early Universe can lead to GUT symmetry nonrestoration. This provides a simple way out of the monopole problem.

Borut Bajc; Antonio Riotto; Goran Senjanovic

1998-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

147

A comparison of maximum likelihood and other estimators of eigenvalues from several correlated Monte Carlo samples  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The maximum likelihood method for the multivariate normal distribution is applied to the case of several individual eigenvalues. Correlated Monte Carlo estimates of the eigenvalue are assumed to follow this prescription and aspects of the assumption are examined. Monte Carlo cell calculations using the SAM-CE and VIM codes for the TRX-1 and TRX-2 benchmark reactors, and SAM-CE full core results are analyzed with this method. Variance reductions of a few percent to a factor of 2 are obtained from maximum likelihood estimation as compared with the simple average and the minimum variance individual eigenvalue. The numerical results verify that the use of sample variances and correlation coefficients in place of the corresponding population statistics still leads to nearly minimum variance estimation for a sufficient number of histories and aggregates.

Beer, M.

1980-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Maximum-Entropy Meshfree Method for Compressible and Near-Incompressible Elasticity  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Numerical integration errors and volumetric locking in the near-incompressible limit are two outstanding issues in Galerkin-based meshfree computations. In this paper, we present a modified Gaussian integration scheme on background cells for meshfree methods that alleviates errors in numerical integration and ensures patch test satisfaction to machine precision. Secondly, a locking-free small-strain elasticity formulation for meshfree methods is proposed, which draws on developments in assumed strain methods and nodal integration techniques. In this study, maximum-entropy basis functions are used; however, the generality of our approach permits the use of any meshfree approximation. Various benchmark problems in two-dimensional compressible and near-incompressible small strain elasticity are presented to demonstrate the accuracy and optimal convergence in the energy norm of the maximum-entropy meshfree formulation.

Ortiz, A; Puso, M A; Sukumar, N

2009-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

149

Systems for detecting charged particles in object inspection  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Techniques, apparatus and systems for detecting particles such as muons. In one implementation, a monitoring system has a cosmic ray-produced charged particle tracker with a plurality of drift cells. The drift cells, which can be for example aluminum drift tubes, can be arranged at least above and below a volume to be scanned to thereby track incoming and outgoing charged particles, such as cosmic ray-produced muons, while also detecting gamma rays. The system can selectively detect devices or materials, such as iron, lead, gold and/or tungsten, occupying the volume from multiple scattering of the charged particles passing through the volume and can also detect any radioactive sources occupying the volume from gamma rays emitted therefrom. If necessary, the drift tubes can be sealed to eliminate the need for a gas handling system. The system can be employed to inspect occupied vehicles at border crossings for nuclear threat objects.

Morris, Christopher L.; Makela, Mark F.

2013-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

150

Charge-pump voltage converter  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A charge-pump voltage converter for converting a low voltage provided by a low-voltage source to a higher voltage. Charge is inductively generated on a transfer rotor electrode during its transit past an inductor stator electrode and subsequently transferred by the rotating rotor to a collector stator electrode for storage or use. Repetition of the charge transfer process leads to a build-up of voltage on a charge-receiving device. Connection of multiple charge-pump voltage converters in series can generate higher voltages, and connection of multiple charge-pump voltage converters in parallel can generate higher currents. Microelectromechanical (MEMS) embodiments of this invention provide a small and compact high-voltage (several hundred V) voltage source starting with a few-V initial voltage source. The microscale size of many embodiments of this invention make it ideally suited for MEMS- and other micro-applications where integration of the voltage or charge source in a small package is highly desirable.

Brainard, John P. (Albuquerque, NM); Christenson, Todd R. (Albuquerque, NM)

2009-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

151

Property:Maximum Wave Height(m) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Property Property Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Property:Maximum Wave Height(m) Jump to: navigation, search Property Name Maximum Wave Height(m) Property Type String Pages using the property "Maximum Wave Height(m)" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 1 1.5-ft Wave Flume Facility + 0.2 + 10-ft Wave Flume Facility + 0.5 + 11-ft Wave Flume Facility + 0.4 + 2 2-ft Flume Facility + 0.6 + 3 3-ft Wave Flume Facility + 0.2 + 5 5-ft Wave Flume Facility + 0.5 + 6 6-ft Wave Flume Facility + 0.4 + A Alden Large Flume + 0.0 + Alden Small Flume + 0.2 + Alden Wave Basin + 0.3 + B Breakwater Research Facility + 0.0 + C Carderock Maneuvering & Seakeeping Basin + 0.6 + Carderock Tow Tank 2 + 0.6 + Carderock Tow Tank 3 + 0.6 +

152

Dynamics of Photoinduced Charge Separation and Charge Recombination in Synthetic DNA Hairpins with Stilbenedicarboxamide Linkers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Dynamics of Photoinduced Charge Separation and Charge Recombination in Synthetic DNA Hairpins with Stilbenedicarboxamide Linkers ... The dynamics of photoinduced charge separation and charge recombination in synthetic DNA hairpins have been investigated by means of femtosecond and nanosecond transient spectroscopy. ...

Frederick D. Lewis; Taifeng Wu; Xiaoyang Liu; Robert L. Letsinger; Scott R. Greenfield; Scott E. Miller; Michael R. Wasielewski

2000-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

153

AVTA: ChargePoint AC Level 2 Charging System Testing Results...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

AVTA: ChargePoint AC Level 2 Charging System Testing Results AVTA: ChargePoint AC Level 2 Charging System Testing Results The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing...

154

Efficiency of autonomous soft nano-machines at maximum power  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider nano-sized artificial or biological machines working in steady state enforced by imposing non-equilibrium concentrations of solutes or by applying external forces, torques or electric fields. For unicyclic and strongly coupled multicyclic machines, efficiency at maximum power is not bounded by the linear response value 1/2. For strong driving, it can even approach the thermodynamic limit 1. Quite generally, such machines fall in three different classes characterized, respectively, as "strong and efficient", "strong and inefficient", and "balanced". For weakly coupled multicyclic machines, efficiency at maximum power has lost any universality even in the linear response regime.

Udo Seifert

2010-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

155

Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Siemens  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Currently, Siemens has installed charging stations at four of its largest U.S. sites: Orlando, FL; Iselin, NJ; Alpharetta, GA; and Wendell, NC. In 2011, Siemens surveyed a portion of its U.S....

156

Enhancement and Electric Charge-Assisted Tuning of Nonlinear Light Generation in Bipolar Plasmonics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Enhancement and Electric Charge-Assisted Tuning of Nonlinear Light Generation in Bipolar Plasmonics) structure, termed plasmonic-enhanced, charge-assisted second-harmonic generator (p-CASH), that not only in many fields, such as commu- nications, sensors, imaging, medical treatments, displays, solar cells

157

Measurements of the distribution of adenylate concentrations and adenylate energy charge across Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilms.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...increase in adenylate energy charge of about 0.2...the biofilm. However, energy charge values were generally...indicator of the energetic status of living cells is the...sensitivity would allow us to measure adenylates...intermediate carriers of chemical energy linking catabo- lism...

S L Kinniment; J W Wimpenny

1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Charge Pumping in Carbon Nanotubes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We demonstrate charge pumping in semiconducting carbon nanotubes by a traveling potential wave. From the observation of pumping in the nanotube insulating state we deduce that transport occurs by packets of charge being carried along by the wave. By tuning the potential of a side gate, transport of either electron or hole packets can be realized. Prospects for the realization of nanotube based single-electron pumps are discussed.

P. J. Leek; M. R. Buitelaar; V. I. Talyanskii; C. G. Smith; D. Anderson; G. A. C. Jones; J. Wei; D. H. Cobden

2005-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

159

AVTA: Bidirectional Fast Charging Report  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. These results provide benchmark data that researchers can use to develop technology models and guide future research and development. The following report is an analysis of bi-directional fast charging, as informed by the AVTA's testing on plug-in electric vehicle charging equipment. This research was conducted by Idaho National Laboratory.

160

Anisotropic charged dark energy star  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

As the stars carry electrical charges, we present in this paper a model for charged dark energy star which is singularity free. We take Krori-Barua space time. We assume that the radial pressure exerted on the system due to the presence of dark energy is proportional to the isotropic perfect fluid matter density and the difference between tangential and radial pressure is proportional to the square of the electric field intensity. The solution satisfies the physical conditions inside the star

Kanika Das; Nawsad Ali

2014-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "maximum cell charge" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Maximum power tracking control scheme for wind generator systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The purpose of this work is to develop a maximum power tracking control strategy for variable speed wind turbine systems. Modern wind turbine control systems are slow, and they depend on the design parameters of the turbine and use wind and/or rotor...

Mena, Hugo Eduardo

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

162

Maximum power tracking control scheme for wind generator systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The purpose of this work is to develop a maximum power tracking control strategy for variable speed wind turbine systems. Modern wind turbine control systems are slow, and they depend on the design parameters of the turbine and use wind and/or rotor...

Mena Lopez, Hugo Eduardo

2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

163

Performance of Civil Aviation Receivers during Maximum Solar Activity Events  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Performance of Civil Aviation Receivers during Maximum Solar Activity Events Lina DEAMBROGIO on the fields of ionosphere scintillations, solar energetic particles and on the implementation of operational the upcoming period of high solar activity. Emilien ROBERT got his PhD in 2005 and started to work on behalf

Boyer, Edmond

164

Rapidly Solving an Online Sequence of Maximum Flow Problems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

... an interdictor allocates a finite amount of resources to remove arcs from a net- ... is, the next maximum flow problem in the sequence differs from the previous one by ..... the appropriate reoptimization case and then taking the appropriate action to ..... Our first set of computational experiments tested the performance of our ...

2008-02-29T23:59:59.000Z

165

THE MAXIMUM CAPACITY OF A LINE PLAN IS INAPPROXIMABLE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE MAXIMUM CAPACITY OF A LINE PLAN IS INAPPROXIMABLE CHRISTINA PUHL AND SEBASTIAN STILLER Abstract a network, upper arc-capacities and a line pool. E-mail: puhl@math.tu-berlin.de, stiller of the European Commission under contract no. FP6-021235-2. 1 #12;2 CHRISTINA PUHL AND SEBASTIAN STILLER We

Nabben, Reinhard

166

Maximum-principle-satisfying and positivity-preserving high order ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

conservation laws: Survey and new developments ..... Notice that in (2.10) we need to evaluate the maximum/minimum of a ..... total energy, p is the pressure, e is the internal energy, and ? > 1 is a constant ... under a standard CFL condition.

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

High-Energy Flare Observations from the Solar Maximum Mission  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...research-article High-Energy Flare Observations from the Solar Maximum Mission W...Vestrand We review high-energy observations of solar flares with emphasis...expectation, high-energy emission is a common property of solar flares. Direct interpretation...

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Maximum Entropy in Support of Semantically Annotated Datasets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Maximum Entropy in Support of Semantically Annotated Datasets Paulo Pinheiro da Silva, Vladik whether two datasets describe the same quantity. The existing solution to this problem is to use these datasets' ontologies to deduce that these datasets indeed represent the same quantity. However, even when

Kreinovich, Vladik

169

O(1)-Approximations for Maximum Movement Piotr Berman1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

movement of the pebbles, motivated by minimizing either execution time or energy usage. Spe- cific problems the maximum movement made by pebbles on a graph to reach a configuration in which the pebbles form a connected. For example, in the connectivity goal, the proximity of the robots should form a connected graph. Two

Demaine, Erik

170

Maximization of Recursive Utilities: A Dynamic Maximum Principle Approach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Maximization of Recursive Utilities: A Dynamic Maximum Principle Approach Wahid FAIDI LAMSIN, ENIT for a class of robust utility function introduced in Bordigoni, Matoussi et Schweizer (2005). Our method-investment strategy which is characterized as the unique solution of a forward-backward system. Key words : Utility

Di Girolami, Cristina

171

Maximum stellar mass versus cluster membership number revisited  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have made a new compilation of observations of maximum stellar mass versus cluster membership number from the literature, which we analyse for consistency with the predictions of a simple random drawing hypothesis for stellar mass selection in clusters. Previously, Weidner and Kroupa have suggested that the maximum stellar mass is lower, in low mass clusters, than would be expected on the basis of random drawing, and have pointed out that this could have important implications for steepening the integrated initial mass function of the Galaxy (the IGIMF) at high masses. Our compilation demonstrates how the observed distribution in the plane of maximum stellar mass versus membership number is affected by the method of target selection; in particular, rather low n clusters with large maximum stellar masses are abundant in observational datasets that specifically seek clusters in the environs of high mass stars. Although we do not consider our compilation to be either complete or unbiased, we discuss the method by which such data should be statistically analysed. Our very provisional conclusion is that the data is not indicating any striking deviation from the expectations of random drawing.

Th. Maschberger; C. J. Clarke

2008-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

172

Renewable Energy Scheduling for Fading Channels with Maximum Power Constraint  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Renewable Energy Scheduling for Fading Channels with Maximum Power Constraint Zhe Wang Electrical--In this paper, we develop efficient algorithm to obtain the optimal energy schedule for fading channel with energy harvesting. We assume that the side information of both the channel states and energy harvesting

Greenberg, Albert

173

How Wireless Power Charging Technology Affects Sensor Network Deployment and Routing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of environmental energy such as sunlight and acoustic vibra- tions [6]­[9]. However, the energy that a solar cell with a large solar cell; the low harvesting efficiency of small solar cells, together with uncontrollableHow Wireless Power Charging Technology Affects Sensor Network Deployment and Routing Bin Tong, Zi

Wang, Guiling

174

A holographic charged preon model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Standard Model (SM) is a successful approach to particle physics calculations. However, there are indications that the SM is only a good approximation to an underlying non-local reality involving fundamental entities (preons) that are not point particles. Furthermore, our universe seems to be dominated by a vacuum energy/cosmological constant. The holographic principle then indicates only a finite number of bits of information will ever be available to describe the observable universe, and that requires a holographic preon model linking the (0,1) holographic bits to SM particles. All SM particles have charges 0, 1/3, 2/3 or 1 in units of the electron charge, so the bits in a holographic preon model must be identified with fractional electric charge. Such holographic charged preon models require baryon asymmetry and also suggest a mechanism for stationary action. This paper outlines a holographic charged preon model where preons are strands with finite energy density specified by bits of information identifying the charge on each end. In the model, SM particles consist of three strands with spin states corresponding to wrapped states of the strands. SM particles in this wrapped preon model can be approximated by preon bound states in non-local dynamics based on three-preon Bethe-Salpeter equations with instantaneous three-preon interactions. The model can be falsified by data from the Large Hadron Collider because it generates baryon asymmetry without axions, and does not allow more than three generations of SM fermions.

T. R. Mongan

2013-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

175

Jet Charge at the LHC  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Knowing the charge of the parton initiating a light-quark jet could be extremely useful both for testing aspects of the standard model and for characterizing potential beyond-the-standard-model signals. We show that despite the complications of hadronization and out-of-jet radiation such as pileup, a weighted sum of the charges of a jet’s constituents can be used at the LHC to distinguish among jets with different charges. Potential applications include measuring electroweak quantum numbers of hadronically decaying resonances or supersymmetric particles, as well as standard model tests, such as jet charge in dijet events or in hadronically decaying W bosons in tt¯ events. We develop a systematically improvable method to calculate moments of these charge distributions by combining multihadron fragmentation functions with perturbative jet functions and pertubative evolution equations. We show that the dependence on energy and jet size for the average and width of the jet charge can be calculated despite the large experimental uncertainty on fragmentation functions. These calculations can provide a validation tool for data independent of Monte Carlo fragmentation models.

David Krohn; Matthew D. Schwartz; Tongyan Lin; Wouter J. Waalewijn

2013-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

176

Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Bentley Systems, Inc. ...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

additional installations at its corporate headquarters near Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. red electric vehicle charging at outdoor charging station Fast Facts Joined the Workplace...

177

Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Southern California Edison...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

of determining the need for PEV charging at the workplace and the prospect for demand response application. Grey plug-in electric vehicle at charging station. Additional...

178

Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Territo Electric, Inc....  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Territo Electric, Inc. Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Territo Electric, Inc. Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Territo Electric, Inc. Territo Electric, Inc. seeks to...

179

Distributed Solar Photovoltaics for Electric Vehicle Charging...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

DISTRIBUTED SOLAR PHOTOVOLTAICS FOR ELECTRIC VEHICLE CHARGING REGULATORY AND POLICY CONSIDERATIONS ABSTRACT Increasing demand for electric vehicle (EV) charging provides an...

180

Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: DTE Energy | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Facts Joined the Workplace Charging Challenge: March 12, 2013 Headquarters: Detroit, MI Charging Locations: Ann Arbor, MI; Belleville, MI; Bloomfield Township, MI; Clinton...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "maximum cell charge" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

EV Everywhere Workplace Charging Challenge: Resources | Department...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Best Practices for Workplace Charging report. Expanding Commuter Options and Reducing GHG Emissions with Workplace Plug-in Electric Vehicle Charging - This webcast, hosted by...

182

Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: DIRECTV | Department of...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Joined the Workplace Charging Challenge: November 17, 2014 Headquarters: El Segundo, CA Charging Locations: El Segundo, CA; Marina Del Ray, CA; Englewood, CO Domestic...

183

Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Dell Inc. | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Texas headquarters campus. Fast Facts Joined the Workplace Charging Challenge: March 7, 2013 Headquarters: Round Rock, TX Charging Locations: Round Rock, TX; Santa Clara, CA...

184

Premix charge, compression ignition combustion system optimization...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Premix charge, compression ignition combustion system optimization Premix charge, compression ignition combustion system optimization Presentation given at DEER 2006, August 20-24,...

185

Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: WESCO International, Inc...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Charging Challenge Partner: WESCO International, Inc. As a leading distributor of electrical products, WESCO provides plug-in electric vehicle (PEV) charging stations to...

186

American Battery Charging Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

American Battery Charging Inc Place: Smithfield, Rhode Island Zip: 2917 Product: Manufacturer of industrial and railroad battery chargers. References: American Battery Charging...

187

Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Heartland Community College...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

The provision of workplace charging directly supports the college's commitment to sustainability, education, and community partnership. Fast Facts Joined the Workplace Charging...

188

Charge Transport Anisotropy Due to Grain Boundaries in Directionally  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Charge Transport Anisotropy Due to Grain Charge Transport Anisotropy Due to Grain Boundaries in Directionally Crystallized Thin Films of Regio-Regular Poly(3-hexylthiophene) Semicrystalline polymers, such as polythiophenes, hold much promise as active layers in printable electronic devices such as photovoltaic cells, sensors, and thin film transistors. As organic semiconductors approach commercialization, there is a need to better understand the relationship between charge transport and microstructure, in particular, to identify the inherent bottlenecks to charge transport. In semicrystalline and polycrystalline materials, charge transport is most likely dominated by grain-boundary effects, although the exact mechanism is not well understood. Unfortunately, grain boundaries in semicrystalline thin films are difficult to characterize: the grains are too small to allow for measurements across individual grain boundaries (as is often done for polycrystalline films of small molecules) and bulk measurements are complicated by the unknown orientation of polymer chains within the grain. To better understand the effect of chain orientation on grain boundaries, we use anisotropic thin films of poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) - one of the most well-studied polymeric semiconductors, as a tool to study charge transport.

189

Property:Maximum Velocity(m/s) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Velocity(m/s) Velocity(m/s) Jump to: navigation, search Property Name Maximum Velocity(m/s) Property Type String Pages using the property "Maximum Velocity(m/s)" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) A Alden Large Flume + 0.9 + B Bucknell Hydraulic Flume + 2.7 + C Carderock Maneuvering & Seakeeping Basin + 7.2 + Carderock Rotating Arm Tow Tank + 25.8 + Carderock Tow Tank 1 + 9.3 + Carderock Tow Tank 2 + 10.3 + Carderock Tow Tank 3 + 25.8 + Chase Tow Tank + 2.5 + D Davidson Laboratory Tow Tank + 18.3 + H Haynes Tow Tank + 1.8 + I Ice Towing Tank + 0.5 + L Lakefront Tow Tank + 2.7 + M MHL Free Surface Channel + 2 + MHL High Speed Cavitation + 25.9 + MHL Tow Tank + 6.7 + MIT Tow Tank + 1.5 + MMA Tugboat/ Barge/ Vessel + 5.1 + Maine Tow Tank + 3 +

190

Radiative muon capture rates and the maximum photon energy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The differential photon spectrum for radiative muon capture is expanded about the average maximum photon energy km and the correction terms evaluated using for one a modified Thomas-Reiche-Kuhn sum rule, thus extending previous work for ordinary capture. The resulting rate is much less dependent on km than the usual closure result. The ratio km? appropriate for closure calculations, with ? the average neutrino energy, is determined and found to be approximately constant and, when correction terms are included, somewhat higher than values previously used. By similar techniques a consistency relation is derived which can be solved to explicitly estimate "physical" values of km and ?.NUCLEAR REACTIONS Radiative muon capture. Differential photon spectrum, relative rate for Ca40. Dipole sum rules used to correct closure approximation, obtain estimates of mean excitation energy, average maximum photon energy.

R. S. Sloboda and Harold W. Fearing

1978-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Maximum entanglement in squeezed boson and fermion states  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A class of squeezed boson and fermion states is studied with particular emphasis on the nature of entanglement. We first investigate the case of bosons, considering two-mode squeezed states. Then we construct the fermion version to show that such states are maximum entangled, for both bosons and fermions. To achieve these results, we demonstrate some relations involving squeezed boson states. The generalization to the case of fermions is made by using Grassmann variables.

Khanna, F. C. [Theoretical Physics Institute, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2J1 (Canada); TRIUMF, Vancouver, British Columbia V6T 2A3 (Canada); Malbouisson, J. M. C. [Instituto de Fisica, Universidade Federal da Bahia, 40210-340, Salvador, BA (Brazil); Theoretical Physics Institute, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2J1 (Canada); Santana, A. E. [Instituto de Fisica, Universidade de Brasilia, 70910-900, Brasilia, DF (Brazil); Theoretical Physics Institute, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2J1 (Canada); Santos, E. S. [Centro Federal de Educacao Tecnologica da Bahia, 40030-010, Salvador, BA (Brazil)

2007-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

192

Maximum Entry and Mandatory Separation Ages for Certain Security Employees  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

The policy establishes the DOE policy on maximum entry and mandatory separation ages for primary or secondary positions covered under special statutory retirement provisions and for those employees whose primary duties are the protection of officials of the United States against threats to personal safety or the investigation, apprehension, and detention of individuals suspected or convicted of offenses against the criminal laws of the United States. Admin Chg 1, dated 12-1-11, cancels DOE P 310.1.

2001-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

193

The Maximum Patch Method for Directional Dark Matter Detection  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Present and planned dark matter detection experiments search for WIMP-induced nuclear recoils in poorly known background conditions. In this environment, the maximum gap statistical method provides a way of setting more sensitive cross section upper limits by incorporating known signal information. We give a recipe for the numerical calculation of upper limits for planned directional dark matter detection experiments, that will measure both recoil energy and angle, based on the gaps between events in two-dimensional phase space.

Shawn Henderson; Jocelyn Monroe; Peter Fisher

2008-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

194

Maximum patch method for directional dark matter detection  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Present and planned dark matter detection experiments search for WIMP-induced nuclear recoils in poorly known background conditions. In this environment, the maximum gap statistical method provides a way of setting more sensitive cross section upper limits by incorporating known signal information. We give a recipe for the numerical calculation of upper limits for planned directional dark matter detection experiments, that will measure both recoil energy and angle, based on the gaps between events in two-dimensional phase space.

Henderson, Shawn; Monroe, Jocelyn; Fisher, Peter [Department of Physics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 (United States); Laboratory for Nuclear Science, MIT Kavli Institute for Astrophysics and Space Research, Department of Physics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 (United States)

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Maximum entropy method for reconstruction of the CMB images  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We propose a new approach for the accurate reconstruction of cosmic microwave background distributions from observations containing in addition to the primary fluctuations the radiation from unresolved extragalactic point sources and pixel noise. The approach uses some effective realizations of the well-known maximum entropy method and principally takes into account {\\it a priori} information about finiteness and spherical symmetry of the power spectrum of the CMB satisfying the Gaussian statistics.

A. T. Bajkova

2002-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

196

Property:Maximum Wave Length(m) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Wave Length(m) Wave Length(m) Jump to: navigation, search Property Name Maximum Wave Length(m) Property Type String Pages using the property "Maximum Wave Length(m)" Showing 18 pages using this property. A Alden Small Flume + Variable + Alden Wave Basin + 1.8 + C Carderock Maneuvering & Seakeeping Basin + 12.2 + Carderock Tow Tank 2 + 12.2 + Carderock Tow Tank 3 + 12.2 + D Davidson Laboratory Tow Tank + 15.2 + DeFrees Large Wave Basin + 64 + DeFrees Small Wave Basin + 30 + H Haynes Wave Basin + 10.7 + L Lakefront Tow Tank + 22 + M MIT Tow Tank + 4.6 + O OTRC Wave Basin + 25 + Ohmsett Tow Tank + 18 + R Richmond Field Station Tow Tank + 2 + S SAFL Channel + 6.6 + Sandia Lake Facility + 4.57 + Sheets Wave Basin + 10 + Ship Towing Tank + 6 + Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Property:Maximum_Wave_Length(m)&oldid=597351

197

IEP - Water-Energy Interface: Total Maximum Daily Load Page  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Total Maximum Daily Loads (TMDLs) Total Maximum Daily Loads (TMDLs) The overall goal of the Clean Water Act is to "restore and maintain the chemical, physical, and biological integrity of the NationÂ’s waters." In 1999, EPA proposed changes to Section 303(d), to establish Total Maximum Daily Loads (TMDLs) for watersheds that do not meet this goal. The TMDL is the highest amount of a given pollutant that is permissible in that body of water over a given period of time. TMDLs include both waste load allocation (WLA) for point sources and load allocations for non-point sources. In Appalachia, acid mine drainage (AMD) is the single most damaging non-point source. There is also particular concern of the atmospheric deposition of airborne sulfur, nitrogen, and mercury compounds. States are currently in the process of developing comprehensive lists of impaired waters and establishing TMDLs for those waters. EPA has recently proposed a final rule that will require states to develop TMDLs and implement plans for improving water quality within the next 10 years. Under the new rule, TMDL credits could be traded within a watershed.

198

Electric Charge Quantization in Standard Model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the framework of Standard Model for the arbitrary values of Higgs and fermions fields hypercharges, taking into account parity invariance of electromagnetic interaction, expressions for the fermions charges, testifying the electric charge quantization are obtained. From the chiral anomalies cancellation condition within one family of leptons and quarks, numerical values of fermions charges, coinciding with standard values of charges have been obtained.

O. B. Abdinov; F. T. Khalil-zade; S. S. Rzaeva

2008-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

199

ADA Requirements for Workplace Charging Installation  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Best Practices for installing PEV charging stations in compliance with the Americans with Disabilities Act.

200

Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner:  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Bloomberg LP to someone by E-mail Bloomberg LP to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Bloomberg LP on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Bloomberg LP on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Bloomberg LP on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Bloomberg LP on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Bloomberg LP on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Bloomberg LP on AddThis.com... Goals Research & Development Testing and Analysis Workplace Charging Partners Ambassadors Resources Community and Fleet Readiness

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "maximum cell charge" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Electrochemical cell  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An improved secondary electrochemical cell is disclosed having a negative electrode of lithium aluminum, a positive electrode of iron sulfide, a molten electrolyte of lithium chloride and potassium chloride, and the combination that the fully charged theoretical capacity of the negative electrode is in the range of 0.5-1.0 that of the positive electrode. The cell thus is negative electrode limiting during discharge cycling. Preferably, the negative electrode contains therein, in the approximate range of 1-10 volume % of the electrode, an additive from the materials of graphitized carbon, aluminum-iron alloy, and/or magnesium oxide.

Kaun, Thomas D. (New Lenox, IL)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Seeking effective dyes for a mediated glucose–air alkaline battery/fuel cell  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract A significant level of power generation from an abiotic, air breathing, mediated reducing sugar–air alkaline battery/fuel cell has been achieved in our laboratories at room temperature without complicated catalysis or membrane separation in the reaction chamber. Our prior studies suggested that mass transport limitation by the mediator is a limiting factor in power generation. New and effective mediators were sought here to improve charge transfer and power density. Forty-five redox dyes were studied to identify if any can facilitate mass transport in alkaline electrolyte solution; namely, by increasing the solubility and mobility of the dye, and the valence charge carried per molecule. Indigo dyes were studied more closely to understand the complexity involved in mass transport. The viability of water-miscible co-solvents was also explored to understand their effect on solubility and mass transport of the dyes. Using a 2.0 mL solution, 20% methanol by volume, with 100 mM indigo carmine, 1.0 M glucose and 2.5 M sodium hydroxide, the glucose–air alkaline battery/fuel cell attained 8 mA cm–2 at short-circuit and 800 ?W cm–2 at the maximum power point. This work shall aid future optimization of mediated charge transfer mechanism in batteries or fuel cells.

Ross Eustis; Tsz Ming Tsang; Brigham Yang; Daniel Scott; Bor Yann Liaw

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Simulation of the Reflected Blast Wave froma C-4 Charge  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The reflection of a blast wave from a C4 charge detonated above a planar surface is simulated with our ALE3D code. We used a finely-resolved, fixed Eulerian 2-D mesh (167 {micro}m per cell) to capture the detonation of the charge, the blast wave propagation in nitrogen, and its reflection from the surface. The thermodynamic properties of the detonation products and nitrogen were specified by the Cheetah code. A programmed-burn model was used to detonate the charge at a rate based on measured detonation velocities. Computed pressure histories are compared with pressures measured by Kistler 603B piezoelectric gauges at 8 ranges (GR = 0, 2, 4, 8, 10, and 12 inches) along the reflecting surface. Computed and measured waveforms and positive-phase impulses were similar, except at close-in ranges (GR < 2 inches), which were dominated by jetting effects.

Howard, W M; Kuhl, A L; Tringe, J W

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Charge amplifier with bias compensation  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An ion beam uniformity monitor for very low beam currents using a high-sensitivity charge amplifier with bias compensation. The ion beam monitor is used to assess the uniformity of a raster-scanned ion beam, such as used in an ion implanter, and utilizes four Faraday cups placed in the geometric corners of the target area. Current from each cup is integrated with respect to time, thus measuring accumulated dose, or charge, in Coulombs. By comparing the dose at each corner, a qualitative assessment of ion beam uniformity is made possible. With knowledge of the relative area of the Faraday cups, the ion flux and areal dose can also be obtained.

Johnson, Gary W. (Livermore, CA)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Magnetic moment versus tensor charge  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We express the baryon magnetic moments in terms of the baryon tensor charges, considering the quarks as relativistic interacting objects. Once tensor charges get measured accurately, the formula for the baryon magnetic moment will serve to extract precise information on the quark anomalous magnetic moment, the quark effective mass and the ratio of the quark constituent mass to the quark effective mass. The analogous formula for the baryon electric dipole moment is of no great use as it gets eventually sizable contributions from various CP- violating sources not necessary associated to the quark electric dipole moment.

M. Mekhfi

2005-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

206

Anomaly-induced charges in nucleons  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show a novel charge structure of baryons in electromagnetic field due to the chiral anomaly. A key connection is to treat baryons as solitons of mesons. We use Skyrmions to calculate the charge distributions in a single nucleon and find an additional charge. We also perform calculations of charge distribution for classical multi-baryons with B=2, 3,...,8 and 17; they show amusing charge distributions.

Minoru Eto; Koji Hashimoto; Hideaki Iida; Takaaki Ishii; Yu Maezawa

2011-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

207

Stability of charged thin shells  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this article we study the mechanical stability of spherically symmetric thin shells with charge, in Einstein-Maxwell and Einstein-Born-Infeld theories. We analyze linearized perturbations preserving the symmetry, for shells around vacuum and shells surrounding noncharged black holes.

Eiroa, Ernesto F. [Instituto de Astronomia y Fisica del Espacio, C.C. 67, Suc. 28, 1428, Buenos Aires (Argentina); Departamento de Fisica, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Ciudad Universitaria Pab. I, 1428, Buenos Aires (Argentina); Simeone, Claudio [Departamento de Fisica, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Ciudad Universitaria Pab. I, 1428, Buenos Aires (Argentina); IFIBA, CONICET, Ciudad Universitaria Pab. I, 1428, Buenos Aires (Argentina)

2011-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

208

How Usage is Charged at NERSC  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

usage usage is charged How usage is charged MPP Charging (Computational Systems) When a job runs on a NERSC MPP system, such as Hopper, charges accrue against one of the user's repository allocations. The unit of accounting for these charges is the "MPP Hour". A parallel job is charged for exclusive use of each multi-core node allocated to the job. The MPP charge for such a job is calculated as the product of: the job's elapsed wall-clock time in hours, the number of nodes allocated to the job (regardless of the number actually used), the number of cores available on each allocated node, a machine charge factor (MCF) based on typical performance of the machine relative to Hopper (MCF=1.0), and a queue charge factor (QCF). Queue priority scheduling gives users

209

Location of Maximum Credible Beam Losses in LCLS Injector  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The memo describes the maximum credible beam the LCLS injector can produce and lose at various locations along the beamline. The estimation procedure is based upon three previous reports [1, 2, 3]. While specific numbers have been updated to accurately reflect the present design parameters, the conclusions are very similar to those given in Ref 1. The source of the maximum credible beam results from the explosive electron emission from the photocathode if the drive laser intensity exceeds the threshold for plasma production. In this event, the gun's RF field can extract a large number of electrons from this plasma which are accelerated out of the gun and into the beamline. This electron emission persists until it has depleted the gun of all its energy. Hence the number of electrons emitted per pulse is limited by the amount of stored RF energy in the gun. It needs to be emphasized that this type of emission is highly undesirable, as it causes permanent damage to the cathode.

Mao, Stan

2010-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

210

Plasmonic Oligomers as Effective Red Light Scatterers to Enhance the Performance of Organic Solar Cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Efficient creation of excitons in organic solar cells requires a large optical path of light through the active material. However, organic cells feature very low charge mobility...

Pastorelli, Francesco; Bidault, Sebastien; Martorell, Jordi; Bonod, Nicolas

211

Charge  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

001 001 The Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program Infrastructure Review Report (AIR): Summary of Recommendations January 2001 Work supported by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Office of Biological and Environmental Research DOE/SC-ARM-0001 The Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program Infrastructure Review Report (AIR): Summary of Recommendations The Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program Infrastructure Review committee feels that the organization of the ARM Infrastructure must change as the amount of required work grows and budgets remain fixed. The current structure may not lend itself to the more efficient operation that will be needed. The current ARM Infrastructure is site centric; that structure served ARM well in its early years of development but is one that has become limiting.

212

Charge  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

1 1 Mixed-Phase Cloud Microphysics for Global Climate Models First Quarter 2007 ARM Metric Report January 2007 Xiaohong Liu and Steven J. Ghan Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Richland, Washington Work supported by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Office of Biological and Environmental Research X. Liu and S.J. Ghan, DOE/SC-ARM-0701 iii Summary Mixed-phase clouds are composed of a mixture of cloud droplets and ice crystals. The partitioning of condensed water into liquid droplets and ice crystals in clouds varies throughout the life cycle of clouds, with droplets forming initially but crystals dominating later as ice forms first by crystal nucleation and then by vapor deposition. This report documents an ice nucleation

213

Charge  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

ARM-0501 ARM-0501 Marine Stratus Radiation, Aerosol, and Drizzle (MASRAD) Science Plan June 2005 M.A. Miller Brookhaven National Laboratory Earth System Science Division Upton, New York A. Bucholtz Naval Research Laboratory Monterey, California B. Albrecht and P. Kollias Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science Miami, Florida Work supported by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Office of Biological and Environmental Research M.A. Miller et al., June 2005, DOE/ER-ARM-0501 Abstract Marine stratus is one of the most prevalent and under sampled cloud types on earth and is an important component of the earth's climate system. Marine stratus is thought to be susceptible to infusions of anthropogenic aerosols that alter in-cloud microphysical processes and is known to

214

Charge  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

2 2 DOE Review of the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Climate Research Facility February 3-4, 2005 American Geophysical Union, Washington, D.C. June 2005 W.R. Ferrell Climate Change Research Division Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Work supported by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Office of Biological and Environmental Research DOE/SC-ARM-0502 CONTENTS 1. INTRODUCTION .................................................................................................................. 1 2. SUMMARY OF ACRF INFRASTRUCTURE REVIEW PANEL COMMENTS................ 3 2.1 Management.................................................................................................................... 3 2.2 Research Support ............................................................................................................

215

Free form hemispherical shaped charge  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A hemispherical shaped charge has been modified such that one side of the hemisphere is spherical and the other is aspherical allowing a wall thickness variation in the liner. A further modification is to use an elongated hemispherical shape. The liner has a thick wall at its pole and a thin wall at the equator with a continually decreasing wall thickness from the pole to the equator. The ratio of the wall thickness from the pole to the equator varies depending on liner material and HE shape. Hemispherical shaped charges have previously been limited to spherical shapes with no variations in wall thicknesses. By redesign of the basic liner thicknesses, the jet properties of coherence, stability, and mass distribution have been significantly improved.

Haselman, Jr., Leonard C. (Livermore, CA)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Free form hemispherical shaped charge  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A hemispherical shaped charge has been modified such that one side of the hemisphere is spherical and the other is aspherical allowing a wall thickness variation in the liner. A further modification is to use an elongated hemispherical shape. The liner has a thick wall at its pole and a thin wall at the equator with a continually decreasing wall thickness from the pole to the equator. The ratio of the wall thickness from the pole to the equator varies depending on liner material and HE shape. Hemispherical shaped charges have previously been limited to spherical shapes with no variations in wall thicknesses. By redesign of the basic liner thicknesses, the jet properties of coherence, stability, and mass distribution have been significantly improved. 8 figs.

Haselman, L.C. Jr.

1996-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

217

Vortex Structure in Charged Condensate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study magnetic fields in the charged condensate that we have previously argued should be present in helium-core white dwarf stars. We show that below a certain critical value the magnetic field is entirely expelled from the condensate, while for larger values it penetrates the condensate within flux-tubes that are similar to Abrikosov vortex lines; yet higher fields lead to the disruption of the condensate. We find the solution for the vortex lines in both relativistic and nonrelativistic theories that exhibit the charged condensation. We calculate the energy density of the vortex solution and the values of the critical magnetic fields. The minimum magnetic field required for vortices to penetrate the helium white dwarf cores ranges from roughly 10^7 to 10^9 Gauss. Fields of this strength have been observed in white dwarfs. We also calculate the London magnetic field due to the rotation of a dwarf star and show that its value is rather small.

Gabadadze, Gregory

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Vortex Structure in Charged Condensate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study magnetic fields in the charged condensate that we have previously argued should be present in helium-core white dwarf stars. We show that below a certain critical value the magnetic field is entirely expelled from the condensate, while for larger values it penetrates the condensate within flux-tubes that are similar to Abrikosov vortex lines; yet higher fields lead to the disruption of the condensate. We find the solution for the vortex lines in both relativistic and nonrelativistic theories that exhibit the charged condensation. We calculate the energy density of the vortex solution and the values of the critical magnetic fields. The minimum magnetic field required for vortices to penetrate the helium white dwarf cores ranges from roughly 10^7 to 10^9 Gauss. Fields of this strength have been observed in white dwarfs. We also calculate the London magnetic field due to the rotation of a dwarf star and show that its value is rather small.

Gregory Gabadadze; Rachel A. Rosen

2009-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

219

Boiler Maximum Achievable Control Technology (MACT) Technical Assistance- Fact Sheet, May 2014  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Fact sheet about the Boiler Maximum Achievable Control Technology (MACT) Technical Assistance Program

220

SEU critical charge and sensitive area in a submicron CMOS technology  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This work presents SEU phenomena in advanced SRAM memory cells. Using mixed-mode simulation, the effects of scaling on the notions of sensitive area and critical charge is shown. Specifically, the authors quantify the influence of parasitic bipolar action in cells fabricated in a submicron technology.

Detcheverry, C.; Dachs, C.; Lorfevre, E.; Sudre, C.; Bruguier, G.; Palau, J.M.; Gasiot, J. [Univ. Montpellier II (France)] [Univ. Montpellier II (France); Ecoffet, R. [CNES, Toulouse (France)] [CNES, Toulouse (France)

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "maximum cell charge" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Charging Graphene for Energy Storage  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Since 2004, graphene, including single atomic layer graphite sheet, and chemically derived graphene sheets, has captured the imagination of researchers for energy storage because of the extremely high surface area (2630 m2/g) compared to traditional activated carbon (typically below 1500 m2/g), excellent electrical conductivity, high mechanical strength, and potential for low cost manufacturing. These properties are very desirable for achieving high activity, high capacity and energy density, and fast charge and discharge. Chemically derived graphene sheets are prepared by oxidation and reduction of graphite1 and are more suitable for energy storage because they can be made in large quantities. They still contain multiply stacked graphene sheets, structural defects such as vacancies, and oxygen containing functional groups. In the literature they are also called reduced graphene oxide, or functionalized graphene sheets, but in this article they are all referred to as graphene for easy of discussion. Two important applications, batteries and electrochemical capacitors, have been widely investigated. In a battery material, the redox reaction occurs at a constant potential (voltage) and the energy is stored in the bulk. Therefore, the energy density is high (more than 100 Wh/kg), but it is difficult to rapidly charge or discharge (low power, less than 1 kW/kg)2. In an electrochemical capacitor (also called supercapacitors or ultracapacitor in the literature), the energy is stored as absorbed ionic species at the interface between the high surface area carbon and the electrolyte, and the potential is a continuous function of the state-of-charge. The charge and discharge can happen rapidly (high power, up to 10 kW/kg) but the energy density is low, less than 10 Wh/kg2. A device that can have both high energy and high power would be ideal.

Liu, Jun

2014-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

222

Turbo-Charged Lighting Design  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TURBO-CHARGED LIGHTING DESIGN William H. Clark II Design Engineer O'Connell Robertson & Assoc Austin/ Texas ABSTRACT The task of the lighting designer has become very complex, involving thousands of choices for fixture types and hundreds... at this point. will read the data into the lighting file and clear the screen for the next calculation. The designer has access to over one hundred fixture types (expandable indefinitely). The most useful ones are displayed on the screen. The balance...

Clark, W. H. II

223

Diffusion maximum as a function of size in dense liquids  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We study the diffusion of small guest particles of different sizes in a host fluid at liquid densities using molecular dynamics simulations. We observe an enhancement of the diffusivity of guest particles for a size related to the structure of the void space of the host fluid, analogous to the “levitation effect” observed for guest diffusion in porous solids. Friction and activation energy are found to be minimum for the guest size with maximum self-diffusivity. Wavelength dependent self-diffusivity indicates a monotonic and oscillatory dependence on wave number k for anomalous and linear regimes, respectively. These are associated with single and bi-exponential decay of the incoherent intermediate scattering function.

Pradip Kr. Ghorai; A. V. Anil Kumar; Srikanth Sastry; S. Yashonath

2005-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

224

Maximum-Likelihood Continuity Mapping (MALCOM): An Alternative to HMMs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The authors describe Maximum-Likelihood Continuity Mapping (MALCOM) as an alternative to hidden Markov models (HMMs) for processing sequence data such as speech. While HMMs have a discrete ''hidden'' space constrained by a fixed finite-automata architecture, MALCOM has a continuous hidden space (a continuity map) that is constrained only by a smoothness requirement on paths through the space. MALCOM fits into the same probabilistic framework for speech recognition as HMMs, but it represents a far more realistic model of the speech production process. The authors support this claim by generating continuity maps for three speakers and using the resulting MALCOM paths to predict measured speech articulator data. The correlations between the MALCOM paths (obtained from only the speech acoustics) and the actual articulator movements average 0.77 on an independent test set not used to train MALCOM nor the predictor. On average, this unsupervised model achieves 92% of performance obtained using the corresponding supervised method.

Nix, D.A.; Hogden, J.E.

1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Maximum Entropy Principle and the Higgs boson mass  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract A successful connection between Higgs boson decays and the Maximum Entropy Principle is presented. Based on the information theory inference approach we determine the Higgs boson mass as M H = 125.04 ± 0.25 GeV , a value fully compatible to the LHC measurement. This is straightforwardly obtained by taking the Higgs boson branching ratios as the target probability distributions of the inference, without any extra assumptions beyond the Standard Model. Yet, the principle can be a powerful tool in the construction of any model affecting the Higgs sector. We give, as an example, the case where the Higgs boson has an extra invisible decay channel within a Higgs portal model.

Alexandre Alves; Alex G. Dias; Roberto da Silva

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Reduction in maximum time uncertainty of paired time signals  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Reduction in the maximum time uncertainty (t/sub max/ - t/sub min/) of a series of paired time signals t/sub 1/ and t/sub 2/ varying between two input terminals and representative of a series of single events where t/sub 1/ less than or equal to t/sub 2/ and t/sub 1/ + t/sub 2/ equals a constant, is carried out with a circuit utilizing a combination of OR and AND gates as signal selecting means and one or more time delays to increase the minimum value (t/sub min/) of the first signal t/sub 1/ closer to t/sub max/ and thereby reduce the difference. The circuit may utilize a plurality of stages to reduce the uncertainty by factors of 20 to 800.

Theodosiou, G.E.; Dawson, J.W.

1981-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

227

Maximum Likelihood Analysis of Low Energy CDMS II Germanium Data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report on the results of a search for a Weakly Interacting Massive Particle (WIMP) signal in low-energy data of the Cryogenic Dark Matter Search (CDMS~II) experiment using a maximum likelihood analysis. A background model is constructed using GEANT4 to simulate the surface-event background from $^{210}$Pb decay-chain events, while using independent calibration data to model the gamma background. Fitting this background model to the data results in no statistically significant WIMP component. In addition, we perform fits using an analytic ad hoc background model proposed by Collar and Fields, who claimed to find a large excess of signal-like events in our data. We confirm the strong preference for a signal hypothesis in their analysis under these assumptions, but excesses are observed in both single- and multiple-scatter events, which implies the signal is not caused by WIMPs, but rather reflects the inadequacy of their background model.

Agnese, R; Balakishiyeva, D; Thakur, R Basu; Bauer, D A; Billard, J; Borgland, A; Bowles, M A; Brandt, D; Brink, P L; Bunker, R; Cabrera, B; Caldwell, D O; Cerdeno, D G; Chagani, H; Chen, Y; Cooley, J; Cornell, B; Crewdson, C H; Cushman, P; Daal, M; Di Stefano, P C F; Doughty, T; Esteban, L; Fallows, S; Figueroa-Feliciano, E; Fritts, M; Godfrey, G L; Golwala, S R; Graham, M; Hall, J; Harris, H R; Hertel, S A; Hofer, T; Holmgren, D; Hsu, L; Huber, M E; Jastram, A; Kamaev, O; Kara, B; Kelsey, M H; Kennedy, A; Kiveni, M; Koch, K; Leder, A; Loer, B; Asamar, E Lopez; Mahapatra, R; Mandic, V; Martinez, C; McCarthy, K A; Mirabolfathi, N; Moffatt, R A; Moore, D C; Nelson, R H; Oser, S M; Page, K; Page, W A; Partridge, R; Pepin, M; Phipps, A; Prasad, K; Pyle, M; Qiu, H; Rau, W; Redl, P; Reisetter, A; Ricci, Y; Rogers, H E; Saab, T; Sadoulet, B; Sander, J; Schneck, K; Schnee, R W; Scorza, S; Serfass, B; Shank, B; Speller, D; Upadhyayula, S; Villano, A N; Welliver, B; Wright, D H; Yellin, S; Yen, J J; Young, B A; Zhang, J

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Probable maximum flood control; Yucca Mountain Site Characterization Project  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This study proposes preliminary design concepts to protect the waste-handling facilities and all shaft and ramp entries to the underground from the probable maximum flood (PMF) in the current design configuration for the proposed Nevada Nuclear Waste Storage Investigation (NNWSI) repository protection provisions were furnished by the United States Bureau of Reclamation (USSR) or developed from USSR data. Proposed flood protection provisions include site grading, drainage channels, and diversion dikes. Figures are provided to show these proposed flood protection provisions at each area investigated. These areas are the central surface facilities (including the waste-handling building and waste treatment building), tuff ramp portal, waste ramp portal, men-and-materials shaft, emplacement exhaust shaft, and exploratory shafts facility.

DeGabriele, C.E.; Wu, C.L. [Bechtel National, Inc., San Francisco, CA (United States)

1991-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Fracture Toughness and Maximum Stress in a Disordered Lattice System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fracture in a disordered lattice system is studied. In our system, particles are initially arranged on the triangular lattice and each nearest-neighbor pair is connected with a randomly chosen soft or hard Hookean spring. Every spring has the common threshold of stress at which it is cut. We make an initial crack and expand the system perpendicularly to the crack. We find that the maximum stress in the stress-strain curve is larger than those in the systems with soft or hard springs only (uniform systems). Energy required to advance fracture is also larger in some disordered systems, which indicates that the fracture toughness improves. The increase of the energy is caused by the following two factors. One is that the soft spring is able to hold larger energy than the hard one. The other is that the number of cut springs increases as the fracture surface becomes tortuous in disordered systems.

Chiyori Urabe; Shinji Takesue

2008-12-29T23:59:59.000Z

230

A new scanning photoemission microscope for ELETTRA: SuperMAXIMUM  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

High brightness third?generation synchrotrons allow diffraction?limited performance and large flux for scanning photoemission microscopes. A new microscope SuperMAXIMUM is being developed at the University of Wisconsin Center for X ray Lithography in collaboration with the Sincrotrone Trieste. The beamline being built in Trieste uses a variable angle spherical gratingmonochromator (VASGM). A combination of rotation of a plane mirror and rotation of the spherical grating keeps the slit positions and beam directions fixed. The microscope objectives are normal?incidence multilayer?coated Schwarzschild objectives. The project which is nearing completion utilizes novel designs for optics alignment sample rastering mechanics and software control. We will discuss the project status new designs and techniques.

John T. Welnak; H. Solak; J. Wallace; F. Cerrina; F. Barbo; M. Bertolo; A. Bianco; S. Di Fonzo; S. Fontana; W. Jark; F. Mazzolini; R. Rosei; A. Savoia; J.H. Underwood; G. Margaritondo

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

A new scanning photoemission microscope for ELETTRA: SuperMAXIMUM  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

High brightness, third-generation synchrotrons allow diffraction-limited performance and large flux for scanning photoemission microscopes. A new microscope, SuperMAXIMUM, is being developed at the University of Wisconsin Center for X ray Lithography in collaboration with the Sincrotrone Trieste. The beamline, being built in Trieste, uses a variable angle spherical grating monochromator (VASGM). A combination of rotation of a plane mirror and rotation of the spherical grating keeps the slit positions and beam directions fixed. The microscope objectives are normal-incidence, multilayer-coated Schwarzschild objectives. The project, which is nearing completion, utilizes novel designs for optics alignment, sample rastering mechanics, and software control. We will discuss the project status, new designs, and techniques. {copyright} {ital 1996 American Institute of Physics.}

Welnak, J.T.; Solak, H.; Wallace, J.; Cerrina, F.; Barbo, F.; Bertolo, M.; Bianco, A.; Di Fonzo, S.; Fontana, S.; Jark, W.; Mazzolini, F.; Rosei, R.; Savoia, A.; Underwood, J.; Margaritondo, G. [University of WI--Center for X ray Lithography, 3731 Schneider Drive, Stoughton, WI 53589 (United States)] [University of WI--Center for X ray Lithography, 3731 Schneider Drive, Stoughton, WI 53589 (United States); [Sincrotrone Trieste, Padriciano 99, 34012, Trieste (Italy); [Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, Center for X ray Optics, 1 Cyclotron Road, 80-101, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); [Institut de Physique Appliqee, Ecole Polytechnique Federale, CH-1015, Lausanne (Switzerland)

1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: North Central College ...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

has two plug-in electric vehicle (PEV) charging stations. Both stations may be used free of charge by students, faculty, staff and campus visitors. Serious in its efforts to...

233

Fast Methods for Bimolecular Charge Optimization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report a Hessian-implicit optimization method to quickly solve the charge optimization problem over protein molecules: given a ligand and its complex with a receptor, determine the ligand charge distribution that minimizes ...

Bardhan, Jaydeep P.

234

Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Portland General Electric  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Since the late 1990s, Portland General Electric (PGE) has offered plug-in electric vehicle (PEV) charging for its employees. With the advent of the modern Level 2 and DC Quick-Charging standards,...

235

Transport of elliptic intense charged -particle beams  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The transport theory of high-intensity elliptic charged-particle beams is presented. In particular, the halo formation and beam loss problem associated with the high space charge and small-aperture structure is addressed, ...

Zhou, J. (Jing), 1978-

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Charge radius of the neutrino  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Using the pinch technique we construct at one-loop order a neutrino charge radius, which is finite, depends neither on the gauge-fixing parameter nor on the gauge-fixing scheme employed, and is process independent. This definition stems solely from an effective proper photon-neutrino one-loop vertex, with no reference to box or self-energy contributions. The role of the WW box in this construction is critically examined. In particular it is shown that the exclusion of the effective WW box from the definition of the neutrino charge radius is not a matter of convention but is in fact dynamically realized when the target fermions are right-handedly polarized. In this way we obtain a unique decomposition of effective self-energies, vertices, and boxes, which separately respect electroweak gauge invariance. We elaborate on the tree-level origin of the mechanism which enforces at the one-loop level massive cancellations among the longitudinal momenta appearing in the Feynman diagrams, and in particular those associated with the non-Abelian character of the theory. Various issues related to the known connection between the pinch technique and the background field method are further clarified. Explicit closed expressions for the neutrino charge radius are reported.

J. Bernabéu; L. G. Cabral-Rosetti; J. Papavassiliou; J. Vidal

2000-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

237

New Morphological Paradigm Uncovered in Organic Solar Cells  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

New Morphological Paradigm New Morphological Paradigm Uncovered in Organic Solar Cells New Morphological Paradigm Uncovered in Organic Solar Cells Print Wednesday, 27 April 2011 00:00 Organic solar cells are made of light, flexible, renewable materials; they require simple and inexpensive processing steps and could produce an economically competitive and environmentally friendly energy source. Understanding the fundamentals of organic solar cell function is therefore vital to uncovering their maximum potential. Models describing critical device functions such as charge separation and transport often depend on simplistic morphological assumptions, including discrete interfaces between pure electron donor and acceptor materials. In contrast, recent spectroscopy and scattering studies conducted by North Carolina State University and Cambridge University researchers at ALS Beamlines 5.3.2 and 7.3.3 found a substantial amount of molecular mixing between model materials (polymers and fullerenes) currently used in bulk heterojunction (BHJ) organic solar cells. This suggests that the amorphous portions of these devices do not have pure domains, and the paradigm of device operation may need to be refined to accommodate this newly discovered complexity.

238

New Morphological Paradigm Uncovered in Organic Solar Cells  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

New Morphological Paradigm Uncovered in Organic Solar Cells Print New Morphological Paradigm Uncovered in Organic Solar Cells Print Organic solar cells are made of light, flexible, renewable materials; they require simple and inexpensive processing steps and could produce an economically competitive and environmentally friendly energy source. Understanding the fundamentals of organic solar cell function is therefore vital to uncovering their maximum potential. Models describing critical device functions such as charge separation and transport often depend on simplistic morphological assumptions, including discrete interfaces between pure electron donor and acceptor materials. In contrast, recent spectroscopy and scattering studies conducted by North Carolina State University and Cambridge University researchers at ALS Beamlines 5.3.2 and 7.3.3 found a substantial amount of molecular mixing between model materials (polymers and fullerenes) currently used in bulk heterojunction (BHJ) organic solar cells. This suggests that the amorphous portions of these devices do not have pure domains, and the paradigm of device operation may need to be refined to accommodate this newly discovered complexity.

239

New Morphological Paradigm Uncovered in Organic Solar Cells  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

New Morphological Paradigm Uncovered in Organic Solar Cells Print New Morphological Paradigm Uncovered in Organic Solar Cells Print Organic solar cells are made of light, flexible, renewable materials; they require simple and inexpensive processing steps and could produce an economically competitive and environmentally friendly energy source. Understanding the fundamentals of organic solar cell function is therefore vital to uncovering their maximum potential. Models describing critical device functions such as charge separation and transport often depend on simplistic morphological assumptions, including discrete interfaces between pure electron donor and acceptor materials. In contrast, recent spectroscopy and scattering studies conducted by North Carolina State University and Cambridge University researchers at ALS Beamlines 5.3.2 and 7.3.3 found a substantial amount of molecular mixing between model materials (polymers and fullerenes) currently used in bulk heterojunction (BHJ) organic solar cells. This suggests that the amorphous portions of these devices do not have pure domains, and the paradigm of device operation may need to be refined to accommodate this newly discovered complexity.

240

New Morphological Paradigm Uncovered in Organic Solar Cells  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

New Morphological Paradigm Uncovered in Organic Solar Cells Print New Morphological Paradigm Uncovered in Organic Solar Cells Print Organic solar cells are made of light, flexible, renewable materials; they require simple and inexpensive processing steps and could produce an economically competitive and environmentally friendly energy source. Understanding the fundamentals of organic solar cell function is therefore vital to uncovering their maximum potential. Models describing critical device functions such as charge separation and transport often depend on simplistic morphological assumptions, including discrete interfaces between pure electron donor and acceptor materials. In contrast, recent spectroscopy and scattering studies conducted by North Carolina State University and Cambridge University researchers at ALS Beamlines 5.3.2 and 7.3.3 found a substantial amount of molecular mixing between model materials (polymers and fullerenes) currently used in bulk heterojunction (BHJ) organic solar cells. This suggests that the amorphous portions of these devices do not have pure domains, and the paradigm of device operation may need to be refined to accommodate this newly discovered complexity.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "maximum cell charge" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

System and method for collisional activation of charged particles  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A collision cell is disclosed that provides ion activation in various selective modes. Ion activation is performed inside selected segments of a segmented quadrupole that provides maximum optimum capture and collection of fragmentation products. The invention provides collisional cooling of precursor ions as well as product fragments and further allows effective transmission of ions through a high pressure interface into a coupled mass analysis instrument.

Ibrahim, Yehia M; Belov, Mikhail E; Prior, David C

2013-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

242

Electric- and Magnetic-Charge Renormalization. I  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An important question in the field theory of electric and magnetic charge is the relative renormalization of the two kinds of charges. A general view of renormalization, as a scale change introduced in proceeding from the field to the particle level of description, indicates the universality of charge renormalization. This is confirmed by an explicit calculation of the long-range interaction of static charges.

Julian Schwinger

1966-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

243

STATE OF CALIFORNIA CHARGE INDICATOR DISPLAY (CID)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

RA3.4.2. If refrigerant charge verification is required for compliance, and a CID has been installed compliance with the refrigerant charge verification requirement for that system, thus submittal of a standard refrigerant charge verification compliance form (MECH 25) is not required for a system that has a passing CID

244

Evaluation of ground energy storage assisted electric vehicle DC fast charger for demand charge reduction and providing demand response  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In 2012 there was approximately 2400 electric vehicle DC Fast Charging stations sold globally. According to Pike Research (Jerram and Gartner, 2012), it is anticipated that by 2020 there will be approximately 460,000 of them installed worldwide. A typical public DC fast charger delivers a maximum power output of 50 kW which allows a typical passenger vehicle to be 80% charged in 10–15 min, compared with 6–8 h for a 6.6 kW AC level 2 charging unit. While DC fast chargers offer users the convenience of being able to rapidly charge their vehicle, the unit's high power demand has the potential to put sudden strain on the electricity network, and incur significant demand charges. Depending on the utility rate structure, a DC fast charger can experience annual demand charges of several thousand dollars. Therefore in these cases there is an opportunity to mitigate or even avoid the demand charges incurred by coupling the unit with an appropriately sized energy storage system and coordinating the way in which it integrates. This paper explores the technical and economical suitability of coupling a ground energy storage system with a DC fast charge unit for mitigation or avoidance of demand charges and lessening the impact on the local electricity network. This paper also discusses the concept of having the system participate in demand response programs in order to provide grid support and to further improve the economic suitability of an energy storage system.

Donald McPhail

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Help Your Employer Install Electric Vehicle Charging | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Help Your Employer Install Electric Vehicle Charging Help Your Employer Install Electric Vehicle Charging Help Your Employer Install Electric Vehicle Charging Educate your employer...

246

Space charge modeling of dense electron beams with large energy spreads  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Theoretical and numerical studies of the transport in vacuum of multi-nC, multi-MeV electron beams are performed using several methods, including envelope models, a novel semianalytic approach using ellipsoidal shell decomposition, a modified electrostatic particle-in-cell method, and a point-to-point interaction model. The effects of space-charge forces on the longitudinal and transverse bunch properties are evaluated for various bunch lengths, energies, energy spreads, and charges. An evaluation of the various methods for studying space-charge effects in large energy spread, high charge beams is summarized. Examples are given for beam distributions typical of those generated by plasma-based accelerators. It is found that, for the highly correlated beams produced in the self-modulated regime, the high energy portion of the beam can gain significant energy while propagating in vacuum due to space-charge effects.

G. Fubiani; J. Qiang; E. Esarey; W. P. Leemans; G. Dugan

2006-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

247

NREL: Learning - Fuel Cells  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Fuel Cells Fuel Cells Fuel cells and their ability to cleanly produce electricity from hydrogen and oxygen are what make hydrogen attractive as a "fuel" for transportation use particularly, but also as a general energy carrier for homes and other uses, and for storing and transporting otherwise intermittent renewable energy. Fuel cells function somewhat like a battery-with external fuel being supplied rather than stored electricity-to generate power by chemical reaction rather than combustion. Hydrogen fuel cells, for instance, feed hydrogen gas into an electrode that contains a catalyst, such as platinum, which helps to break up the hydrogen molecules into positively charged hydrogen ions and negatively charged electrons. The electrons flow from the electrode to a terminal that

248

Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner:  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Fraunhofer Center for Sustainable Energy Systems to Fraunhofer Center for Sustainable Energy Systems to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Fraunhofer Center for Sustainable Energy Systems on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Fraunhofer Center for Sustainable Energy Systems on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Fraunhofer Center for Sustainable Energy Systems on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Fraunhofer Center for Sustainable Energy Systems on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Fraunhofer Center for Sustainable Energy Systems on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace

249

Quantum and classical dissipation of charged particles  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A Hamiltonian approach is presented to study the two dimensional motion of damped electric charges in time dependent electromagnetic fields. The classical and the corresponding quantum mechanical problems are solved for particular cases using canonical transformations applied to Hamiltonians for a particle with variable mass. Green’s function is constructed and, from it, the motion of a Gaussian wave packet is studied in detail. -- Highlights: •Hamiltonian of a damped charged particle in time dependent electromagnetic fields. •Exact Green’s function of a charged particle in time dependent electromagnetic fields. •Time evolution of a Gaussian wave packet of a damped charged particle. •Classical and quantum dynamics of a damped electric charge.

Ibarra-Sierra, V.G. [Departamento de Física, Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana at Iztapalapa, Av. San Rafael Atlixco 186, Col. Vicentina, 09340 México D.F. (Mexico)] [Departamento de Física, Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana at Iztapalapa, Av. San Rafael Atlixco 186, Col. Vicentina, 09340 México D.F. (Mexico); Anzaldo-Meneses, A.; Cardoso, J.L.; Hernández-Saldaña, H. [Área de Física Teórica y Materia Condensada, Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana at Azcapotzalco, Av. San Pablo 180, Col. Reynosa-Tamaulipas, Azcapotzalco, 02200 México D.F. (Mexico)] [Área de Física Teórica y Materia Condensada, Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana at Azcapotzalco, Av. San Pablo 180, Col. Reynosa-Tamaulipas, Azcapotzalco, 02200 México D.F. (Mexico); Kunold, A., E-mail: akb@correo.azc.uam.mx [Área de Física Teórica y Materia Condensada, Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana at Azcapotzalco, Av. San Pablo 180, Col. Reynosa-Tamaulipas, Azcapotzalco, 02200 México D.F. (Mexico); Roa-Neri, J.A.E. [Área de Física Teórica y Materia Condensada, Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana at Azcapotzalco, Av. San Pablo 180, Col. Reynosa-Tamaulipas, Azcapotzalco, 02200 México D.F. (Mexico)] [Área de Física Teórica y Materia Condensada, Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana at Azcapotzalco, Av. San Pablo 180, Col. Reynosa-Tamaulipas, Azcapotzalco, 02200 México D.F. (Mexico)

2013-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

250

Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner:  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

lynda.com to someone by E-mail lynda.com to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: lynda.com on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: lynda.com on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: lynda.com on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: lynda.com on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: lynda.com on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: lynda.com on AddThis.com... Goals Research & Development Testing and Analysis Workplace Charging Partners Ambassadors Resources Community and Fleet Readiness Workforce Development

251

Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner:  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

BookFactory to someone by E-mail BookFactory to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: BookFactory on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: BookFactory on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: BookFactory on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: BookFactory on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: BookFactory on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: BookFactory on AddThis.com... Goals Research & Development Testing and Analysis Workplace Charging Partners Ambassadors Resources Community and Fleet Readiness

252

Installation of the MAXIMUM microscope at the ALS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The MAXIMUM scanning x-ray microscope, developed at the Synchrotron Radiation Center (SRC) at the University of Wisconsin, Madison was implemented on the Advanced Light Source in August of 1995. The microscope`s initial operation at SRC successfully demonstrated the use of multilayer coated Schwarzschild objective for focusing 130 eV x-rays to a spot size of better than 0.1 micron with an electron energy resolution of 250meV. The performance of the microscope was severely limited, because of the relatively low brightness of SRC, which limits the available flux at the focus of the microscope. The high brightness of the ALS is expected to increase the usable flux at the sample by a factor of 1,000. The authors will report on the installation of the microscope on bending magnet beamline 6.3.2 at the ALS and the initial measurement of optical performance on the new source, and preliminary experiments with surface chemistry of HF etched Si will be described.

Ng, W.; Perera, R.C.C.; Underwood, J.H. [Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States); Singh, S.; Solak, H.; Cerrina, F. [Univ. of Wisconsin, Stoughton, WI (United States). Center for X-ray Lithography

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: DC Fast Charging Effects on Battery Life and EVSE Efficiency and Security Testing  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Presentation given by Idaho National Laboratory at 2014 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about DC fast charging...

254

Nearest-neighbor distributions of free radicals produced within charged-particle tracks in liquid water  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for 20-MeV alpha particles compared to maximum double strand break distance INTRODUCTION All forms of ionizing radiation eventually produce charged particles which are responsible for depositing all of the energy to the medium being irradiated. We... quantify this energy deposition in terms of absorbed dose. The definition of absorbed dose is the energy absorbed per unit mass from any kind of ionizing radiation in any type of matter (2). It has long been recognized that different types of radiation...

Smith, Miles Clay

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

255

Optimization of Fuel Cell System Operating Conditions for Fuel Cell Vehicles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to achieve stable system operation and maximum fuel economy.optimizing the fuel cell system operation and the sizing ofoptimize the fuel cell system operation over the full load

Zhao, Hengbing; Burke, Andy

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Theoretical study of the efficiency of CdS/PbS thin film solar cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This work represents a theoretical analysis of a new type of thin film solar cells with structure glass/ITO/CdS/PbS/AL. The transmission spectrum was calculated based on the multi-reflections effect from all cell layers as well as absorption effect in both ITO and CdS layers. The calculations of spectral internal quantum efficiency were carried out based on the front and back surface recombination of PbS layer. The recombination losses in space-charge region were studied. The effect of thickness of the absorber layer on the calculations of short-circuit current density was studied under illumination condition of AM1.5 solar irradiation. The data of open circuit voltage, maximum voltage, maximum current density, fill factor, output power density and efficiency of CdS/PbS solar cell were estimated from the J–V characteristics curve under illumination effect. This study ignored the effect of metallic back contact and thus the incomplete absorption losses (transmission losses) take place at thin absorber layer. The obtained results showed that the 2 ?m thickness of the absorber layer is not sufficient to absorb all the transmitted photons from the window layer (CdS) and the selection of theses thin thicknesses of PbS in order to correspond with experimental implementations of these devices. Both the optical and recombination losses lead to decrease the current density by 82% (JSC = 7.28 mA/cm2) at thickness 0.5 ?m of PbS and these losses decreased to 67% (JSC = 16 mA/cm2) at thickness 2 ?m. The output power density and the cell efficiency increased with increasing the thickness of effective layer. The maximum cell efficiency of 4.13% was obtained at thickness of 2 ?m which is considered greater than those obtained experimentally.

H.A. Mohamed

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

1197 South Lumpkin Street Athens Georgia 30602-3603 weddings@georgiacenter.uga.edu 706.542.2654 The minimum charge For a dinner recePTion is $600.00.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FFee. Dinner Receptions recePTion service inFormaTion All leftover food and beverages are the property.542.2654 The minimum charge For a dinner recePTion is $600.00. service For a maximum oF Two hours exTended service Time of the event. The number given at that time will be the minimum number charged. An 18% service charge and 7

Arnold, Jonathan

258

Probable maximum point rainfall estimation for the southern half of the Indian peninsula  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Preparation of a generalized chart of probable maximum precipitation (PMP) for the southern half of the Indian peninsula lying between lat. 8°N to 16°N has been attempted in this study. Maximum 1-day rainfall ...

O N Dhar; A K Kulkarni; P R Rakhecha

1981-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Magnetic guidance of charged particles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Many experiments and devices in physics use static magnetic fields to guide charged particles from a source onto a detector, and we ask the innocent question: What is the distribution of particle intensity over the detector surface? One should think that the solution to this seemingly simple problem is well known. We show that, even for uniform guide fields, this is not the case and present analytical point spread functions (PSF) for magnetic transport that deviate strongly from previous results. The "magnetic" PSF shows unexpected singularities, which were recently also observed experimentally, and which make detector response very sensitive to minute changes of position, field amplitude, or particle energy. In the field of low-energy particle physics, these singularities may become a source of error in modern high precision experiments, or may be used for instrument tests, for instance in neutrino mass retardation spectrometers.

Dubbers, Dirk

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

On the Electric Charge of the Neutrino  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Exact expression is obtained for the differential cross section of elastic electroweak scattering of longitudinal polarized massive Dirac neutrinos with the electric charge and anomalous magnetic moment on a spinless nucleus. This formula contains all necessary information about the nature of the neutrino mass, charge and magnetic moment. Some of them state that between the mass of the neutrino its electric charge there exists an interconnection.

Rasulkhozha S. Sarafiddinov

2010-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "maximum cell charge" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Particle accelerator employing transient space charge potentials  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The invention provides an accelerator for ions and charged particles. The plasma is generated and confined in a magnetic mirror field. The electrons of the plasma are heated to high temperatures. A series of local coils are placed along the axis of the magnetic mirror field. As an ion or particle beam is directed along the axis in sequence the coils are rapidly pulsed creating a space charge to accelerate and focus the beam of ions or charged particles.

Post, Richard F. (Walnut Creek, CA)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Screening of a hypercritical charge in graphene  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Screening of a large external charge in graphene is studied. The charge is assumed to be displaced away or smeared over a finite region of the graphene plane. The initial decay of the screened potential with distance is shown to follow the 3?2 power. It gradually changes to the Coulomb law outside of a hypercritical core whose radius is proportional to the external charge.

M. M. Fogler; D. S. Novikov; B. I. Shklovskii

2007-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

263

Cost Recovery Charge (CRC) Calculation Tables  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Cost Recovery Charge (CRC) Calculation Table Updated: October 6, 2014 FY 2016 September 2014 CRC Calculation Table (pdf) Final FY 2015 CRC Letter & Table (pdf) Note: The Cost...

264

Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: ABB, Inc. | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

ABB is a global power and automation leader dedicated to energy efficiency solutions and smart grid technology. Fast Facts Joined the Workplace Charging Challenge: June 10, 2013...

265

Microscopy charges ahead | Argonne National Laboratory  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Microscopy charges ahead By Jared Sagoff * May 28, 2014 Tweet EmailPrint ARGONNE, Ill. - Ferroelectric materials - substances in which there is a slight and reversible shift of...

266

Install Electric Vehicle Charging at Work  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Employers who install workplace charging for plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs) demonstrate leadership, show a willingness to adopt advanced technology, and increase consumer exposure and access to...

267

Vehicle Technologies Office: EV Everywhere Workplace Charging...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

States are parked at overnight locations with access to plugs, providing a great foundation for the country's plug-in electric vehicle (PEV) charging infrastructure. However,...

268

Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Schneider Electric | Department...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Schneider Electric Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Schneider Electric As a global specialist in energy management with operations in more than 100 countries, Schneider...

269

EV Project: Solar-Assisted Charging Demo  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Melissa Lapsa 2014 DOE Vehicle Technologies Office Review Presentation EV Project - Solar- Assisted Charging Demo VSS138 2014 U.S. DOE Hydrogen Program and Vehicle Technologies...

270

Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: The Hartford | Department...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

insurance, group benefits and mutual funds. In 2011, The Hartford installed 6 charging stations at its three main campuses in Hartford, Simsbury and Windsor, Connecticut, for a...

271

EV Everywhere Consumer Acceptance and Charging Infrastructure...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Introduction EV Everywhere Consumer Acceptance and Charging Infrastructure Workshop Introduction Presentation given at the EV Everywhere Grand Challenge: Consumer Acceptance and...

272

Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: National Grid | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Grid Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: National Grid As a leading international electricity and gas company, National Grid is committed to creating new, sustainable energy...

273

Workplace Charging Challenge Progress Update 2014: Employers...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Atlanta Leading the Charge 9 200 Market Associates 3M ABB Advanced Micro Devices Advocate Health Care AeroVironment Alameda County, CA Arkansas Power Electronics Inc Atlanta...

274

Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: JLA Public Involvement...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

(PEV) and installing a charging station has expanded JLA Public Involvement's sustainability efforts and allowed them to achieve Gold certification in the City of Portland's...

275

Theoretical performance of solar cell based on mini-bands quantum dots  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The tremendous amount of research in solar energy is directed toward intermediate band solar cell for its advantages compared with the conventional solar cell. The latter has lower efficiency because the photons have lower energy than the bandgap energy and cannot excite mobile carriers from the valence band to the conduction band. On the other hand, if mini intermediate band is introduced between the valence and conduction bands, then the smaller energy photons can be used to promote charge carriers transfer to the conduction band and thereby the total current increases while maintaining a large open circuit voltage. In this article, the influence of the new band on the power conversion efficiency for structure of quantum dots intermediate band solar cell is theoretically investigated and studied. The time-independent Schrödinger equation is used to determine the optimum width and location of the intermediate band. Accordingly, achievement of a maximum efficiency by changing the width of quantum dots and barrier distances is studied. Theoretical determination of the power conversion efficiency under the two different ranges of QD width is presented. From the obtained results, the maximum power conversion efficiency is about 70.42%. It is carried out for simple cubic quantum dot crystal under fully concentrated light. It is strongly dependent on the width of quantum dots and barrier distances.

Aly, Abou El-Maaty M., E-mail: drabouelmaaty@hotmail.com, E-mail: ashraf.nasr@gmail.com [Power Electronics and Energy Conversion Department, ERI, NRCB (Egypt); College of Computer, Qassim University, P.O.B. 6688, Buryadah 51453 (Saudi Arabia); Nasr, A., E-mail: drabouelmaaty@hotmail.com, E-mail: ashraf.nasr@gmail.com [Radiation Engineering Department, NCRRT, Atomic Energy Authority (Egypt); College of Computer, Qassim University, P.O.B. 6688, Buryadah 51453 (Saudi Arabia)

2014-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

276

Charged-species profiles in electronegative radio-frequency plasmas  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The negative ion density profile in a low pressure oxygen rf plasma has been measured by a photodetachment technique. At an rf power of 10 W and a neutral pressure of 10 mTorr, a parabolic negative ion density profile is obtained with a peak density of 8×1015 m-3 and a maximum ratio of negative ion to electron densities n-/ne?18. Under these conditions, the most abundant positive ion, determined by ion mass spectrometry, is O2+ with O+ being less than 10% of the positive ion density. The most abundant negative ion is O- with O2- and O3- being less than 20% of the total negative charge density. The maximum in the density profile of negative ions shifts closer to the powered rf electrode as the pressure is increased in the asymmetric system. Comparison of the results to theory indicates that the asymmetry follows from an enhancement of the ionization rate near the powered electrode sheath. The parabolic profile is also obtained in CCl2F2 at low pressure. Simulations and measurements show a rapid drop in ion density near the sheath that may be related to the recently discussed ‘‘stratification’’ phenomenon in electronegative plasmas.

D. Vender; W. W. Stoffels; E. Stoffels; G. M. W. Kroesen; F. J. de Hoog

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

ORIGINAL ARTICLES Behavior of Charged Particles in a Biological Cell  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Engineering, The University of Melbourne, Parkville, Australia. 2 Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, University of Peradeniya, Peradeniya, Sri Lanka. Received: February 8, 2010 Accepted in revised of AC-DC electromagnetic fields, by combining the Ion Forced- Vibration theory with the Ion Cyclotron

Halgamuge, Malka N.

278

Parallel Multiphysics Simulations of Charged Particles in Microfluidic Flows  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The article describes parallel multiphysics simulations of charged particles in microfluidic flows with the waLBerla framework. To this end, three physical effects are coupled: rigid body dynamics, fluid flow modelled by a lattice Boltzmann algorithm, and electric potentials represented by a finite volume discretisation. For solving the finite volume discretisation for the electrostatic forces, a cell-centered multigrid algorithm is developed that conforms to the lattice Boltzmann meshes and the parallel communication structure of waLBerla. The new functionality is validated with suitable benchmark scenarios. Additionally, the parallel scaling and the numerical efficiency of the algorithms are analysed on an advanced supercomputer.

Bartuschat, Dominik

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Stuttering: high-level mistranslation in animal and bacterial cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Stuttering: high-level mistranslation in animal...focusing dimension, a phenomenon we call "stuttering." The direction of charge shift depended...machinery from cell type to cell type. Stuttering: high-level mistranslation in animal...

J Parker; J W Pollard; J D Friesen; C P Stanners

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Multi-scale solid oxide fuel cell materials modeling  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Performance and degradation of fuel cell components are discussed in a multi-scale ... paper. Electrochemical reactions in a solid oxide fuel cell occur simultaneously as charge and gas pass ... and cathode to pr...

Ji Hoon Kim; Wing Kam Liu; Christopher Lee

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "maximum cell charge" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Optimal Decentralized Protocols for Electric Vehicle Charging  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Optimal Decentralized Protocols for Electric Vehicle Charging Lingwen Gan Ufuk Topcu Steven Low Abstract--We propose decentralized algorithms for optimally scheduling electric vehicle (EV) charging. The algorithms exploit the elasticity and controllability of electric vehicle loads in order to fill the valleys

Low, Steven H.

282

Charged Higgs boson searches at the LHC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present the latest results from searches for singly charged Higgs bosons carried out by the ATLAS and CMS Collaborations at the LHC. Both experiments have searched for production of charged Higgs bosons in pp collisions of up to 20 (5) fb^-

Chakraborty, Dhiman; The ATLAS collaboration

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

INTRODUCTION The Electrical Charge and Relativity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

INTRODUCTION The Electrical Charge and Relativity This course starts with the introduction of concepts related to just electricity: charge, electric field, electric potential energy, conservation of electric energy, etc. Notice that latter terms sound already very familiar to what you have learned in PH

284

Magnetic Charge and Quantum Field Theory  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A quantum field theory of magnetic and electric charge is constructed. It is verified to be relativistically invariant in consequence of the charge quantization condition eg?c=n, an integer. This is more restrictive than Dirac's condition, which would also allow half-integral values.

Julian Schwinger

1966-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

285

Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure Deployment Guidelines: British  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure Deployment Guidelines: British Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure Deployment Guidelines: British Columbia Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure Deployment Guidelines: British Columbia Agency/Company /Organization: Natural Resources Canada, British Columbia Hydro and Power Authority Focus Area: Vehicles Topics: Best Practices Website: www.bchydro.com/etc/medialib/internet/documents/environment/EVcharging A major component of winning public acceptance for plug-in vehicles is the streamlining of the private electric vehicle charging or supply equipment permitting and installation process as well as the public and commercial availability of charging locations. These guidelines are intended to anticipate the questions and requirements to ensure customer satisfaction.

286

Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Pledge and  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Workplace Charging Workplace Charging Challenge Pledge and Benefits to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Pledge and Benefits on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Pledge and Benefits on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Pledge and Benefits on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Pledge and Benefits on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Pledge and Benefits on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Pledge and Benefits on AddThis.com... Goals Research & Development Testing and Analysis Workplace Charging Partners Ambassadors

287

The electric charge and magnetic moment of neutral fundamental particles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The article focuses on the issue of the two definitions of charge, mainly the gauge charge and the effective charge of fundamental particles. Most textbooks on classical electromagnetism and quantum field theory only works with the gauge charges while the concept of the induced charge remains unattended. In this article it has been shown that for intrinsically charged particles both of the charges remain the same but there can be situations where an electrically neutral particle picks up some electrical charge from its plasma surrounding. The physical origin and the scope of application of the induced charge concept has been briefly discussed in the article.

Kaushik Bhattacharya

2009-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

288

Questions and Answers - What is the charge of an up quark and the charge of  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

What kinds of quarks are inprotons and neutrons? What kinds of quarks are in<br>protons and neutrons? Previous Question (What kinds of quarks are in protons and neutrons?) Questions and Answers Main Index Next Question (Are quarks confineable for study?) Are quarks confineable for study? What is the charge of an up quark and the charge of a down quark? How many quarks make up a proton and a neutron? Protons and neutrons are each composed of three quarks. Protons are made up of two 'up' quarks and one 'down' quark while neutrons are made up of two 'down' quarks and one 'up' quark. Quarks carry fractional electrical charges. An 'up' quark has a charge of +2/3 and a 'down' quark has a charge of -1/3. Is this consistent with what we know about protons and neutrons? Remember that protons carry an electrical charge of +1 while neutrons carry no electrical charge. We said

289

Generation of Initial Kinetic Distributions for Simulation of Long-Pulse Charged Particle Beams with High Space-Charge intensity  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Self-consistent Vlasov-Poisson simulations of beams with high space-charge intensity often require specification of initial phase-space distributions that reflect properties of a beam that is well adapted to the transport channel--both in terms of low-order rms (envelope) properties as well as the higher-order phase-space structure. Here, we first review broad classes of kinetic distributions commonly in use as initial Vlasov distributions in simulations of unbunched or weakly bunched beams with intense space-charge fields including: the Kapchinskij-Vladimirskij (KV) equilibrium, continuous-focusing equilibria with specific detailed examples, and various non-equilibrium distributions, such as the semi-Gaussian distribution and distributions formed from specified functions of linear-field Courant-Snyder invariants. Important practical details necessary to specify these distributions in terms of usual accelerator inputs are presented in a unified format. Building on this presentation, a new class of approximate initial kinetic distributions are constructed using transformations that preserve linear-focusing single-particle Courant-Snyder invariants to map initial continuous-focusing equilibrium distributions to a form more appropriate for non-continuous focusing channels. Self-consistent particle-in-cell simulations are employed to show that the approximate initial distributions generated in this manner are better adapted to the focusing channels for beams with high space-charge intensity. This improved capability enables simulation applications that more precisely probe intrinsic stability properties and machine performance.

Lund, Steven M.; Kikuchi, Takashi; Davidson, Ronald C.

2007-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

290

Generation of initial Vlasov distributions for simulation of charged particle beams with high space-charge intensity  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Self-consistent Vlasov simulations of beams with high space-charge intensity often require specification of initial phase-space distributions that reflect properties of a beam that is well adapted to the transport channel, both in terms of low-order rms (envelope) properties as well as the higher-order phase-space structure. Here, we first review broad classes of distributions commonly in use as initial Vlasov distributions in simulations of beams with intense space-charge fields including: the Kapchinskij-Vladimirskij (KV) equilibrium, continuous-focusing equilibria with specific detailed examples, and various non-equilibrium distributions, such as the semi-Gaussian distribution and distributions formed from specified functions of linear-field Courant-Snyder invariants. Important practical details necessary to specify these distributions in terms of usual accelerator inputs are presented in a unified format. Building on this presentation, a new class of approximate initial distributions are constructed using transformations that preserve linear-focusing single-particle Courant-Snyder invariants to map initial continuous-focusing equilibrium distributions to a form more appropriate for non-continuous focusing channels. Self-consistent particle-in-cell simulations are employed to show that the approximate initial distributions generated in this manner are better adapted to the focusing channels for beams with high space-charge intensity. This improved capability enables simulation applications that more precisely probe intrinsic stability properties and machine performance.

Lund, S M; Kikuchi, T; Davidson, R C

2007-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

291

The Influence of Catalysts on Discharge and Charge Voltages of Rechargeable Li–Oxygen Batteries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This study revealed the strong influence of carbon, Au/C, and Pt/C catalysts on the charge and discharge voltages of rechargeable Li–O[subscript 2] batteries. Li–O[subscript 2] single-cell measurements showed that Au/C had ...

Gasteiger, Hubert A.

292

Maximum Entropy and Bayesian Statistics in Crystallography: a Review of Practical Applications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The applications of the maximum entropy and Bayesian methods to problems in X-ray, neutron and electron crystallography are reviewed.

Gilmore, C.J.

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Charging of Dust Grains in a Plasma  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Charging of micron-sized dust grains in a plasma has been investigated experimentally. Dust grains were dispersed into a fully ionized, steady-state, magnetized plasma column consisting of electrons and K+ ions, both at a temperature of ?0.2 eV. Langmuir probe measurements were used to determine how the negative charge in the plasma is divided between free electrons and dust grains. By varying the ratio d?D between the intergrain spacing and the plasma Debye length, the predicted reduction in the grain charge for the case of "closely packed" grains d?D<1 has been demonstrated experimentally.

A. Barkan; N. D'Angelo; R. L. Merlino

1994-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

294

Requirements for Determining Refrigerant Charge Residential Air Conditioning Measures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Requirements for Determining Refrigerant Charge Residential Air Conditioning Measures Improved Refrigerant Charge Purpose Component packages require in some climate zones that split system air refrigerant charge. For the performance method, the proposed design is modeled with less efficiency

295

10Charge Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

10Charge Inc 10Charge Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name 10Charge Inc Place Dallas, Texas Zip 75001 Product Developer of patented technology for faster battery charging time which also extends battery lifetime. Coordinates 32.778155°, -96.795404° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":32.778155,"lon":-96.795404,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

296

Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: City of Hillsboro  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The City of Hillsboro is proud to offer plug-in electric vehicle (PEV) charging for employees, its fleets, and the public at multiple locations in the downtown area. Beginning in 2009, the City has...

297

Charged track multiplicity in B meson decay  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We have used the CLEO II detector to study the multiplicity of charged particles in the decays of B mesons produced at the ?(4S) resonance. Using a sample of 1.5×106 B meson pairs, we find the mean inclusive charged particle multiplicity to be 10.71±0.02-0.15+0.21 for the decay of the pair. This corresponds to a mean multiplicity of 5.36±0.01-0.08+0.11 for a single B meson. Using the same data sample, we have also extracted the mean multiplicities in semileptonic and nonleptonic decays. We measure a mean of 7.82±0.05-0.19+0.21 charged particles per BB¯ decay when both mesons decay semileptonically. When neither B meson decays semileptonically, we measure a mean charged particle multiplicity of 11.62±0.04-0.18+0.24 per BB¯ pair.

G. Brandenburg et al. (CLEO Collaboration)

2000-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

298

A User Programmable Battery Charging System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, high energy density and longer lasting batteries with efficient charging systems are being developed by companies and original equipment manufacturers. Whatever the application may be, rechargeable batteries, which deliver power to a load or system...

Amanor-Boadu, Judy M

2013-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

299

Congestion control in charging of electric vehicles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The increasing penetration of electric vehicles over the coming decades, taken together with the high cost to upgrade local distribution networks, and consumer demand for home charging, suggest that managing congestion on low voltage networks will be a crucial component of the electric vehicle revolution and the move away from fossil fuels in transportation. Here, we model the max-flow and proportional fairness protocols for the control of congestion caused by a fleet of vehicles charging on distribution networks. We analyse the inequality in the charging times as the vehicle arrival rate increases, and show that charging times are considerably more uneven in max-flow than in proportional fairness. We also analyse the onset of instability, and find that the critical arrival rate is indistinguishable between the two protocols.

Carvalho, Rui; Gibbens, Richard; Kelly, Frank

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Duality and ?N charge-exchange data  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A previous analysis of ?-p charge-exchange data, using the two-component duality hypothesis and fixed-t dispersion relations, is updated to include recent polarization measurements and high-statistics differential cross sections.

R. C. E. Devenish and B. R. Martin

1974-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "maximum cell charge" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Join the EV Everywhere Workplace Charging Challenge  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Workplace Charging Challenge is open to employers of all sizes and industry types in the United States. Taking the Challenge offers benefits to employers who are...

302

Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Samsung Electronics  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Samsung Electronics demonstrated an early commitment to plug-in electric vehicle (PEV) charging when it installed 2 EVSEs at its Rancho Dominguez, CA office in 2011. The company is committed to...

303

Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Prairie State College  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

As part of Prairie State College's sustainability initiatives, the college installed two Level 2 plug-in electric vehicle (PEV) charging stations that are available for employee, student and...

304

Weak Charge of 133 Walter Johnson  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Atomic PNC and the Weak Charge of 133 Cs Walter Johnson Department of Physics Notre Dame University http://www.nd.edu/johnson June 21, 2002 Abstract Atomic PNC measurements and calculations are reviewed

Johnson, Walter R.

305

Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Avista Utilities  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Avista Utilities is committed to effective support for plug-in electric vehicle (PEV) adoption in its service territories. Avista installed two stations for a total of four charging outlets for...

306

Spontaneous emission in a silicon charge qubit  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The interaction between a qubit and its environment provides a channel for energy relaxation which has an energy-dependent timescale governed by the specific coupling mechanism. We measure the rate of inelastic decay in a Si MOS double quantum dot (DQD) charge qubit through sensing the charge state's response to non-adiabatic driving of its excited state population. The charge distribution is sensed remotely in the weak measurement regime. We extract emission rates down to kHz frequencies by measuring the variation of the non-equilibrium charge occupancy as a function of amplitude and dwell times between non-adiabatic pulses. Our measurement of the energy-dependent relaxation rate provides a fingerprint of the relaxation mechanism, indicating that relaxation rates for this Si MOS DQD are consistent with coupling to deformation acoustic phonons.

Khoi T. Nguyen; N. Tobias Jacobson; Michael P. Lilly; Nathaniel C. Bishop; Erik Nielsen; Joel R. Wendt; J. Dominguez; T. Pluym; Malcolm S. Carroll

2014-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

307

Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: lynda.com  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

lynda.com demonstrates an ongoing commitment to its employees and to sustainability through its participation in the U.S. Department of Energy's Workplace Charging Challenge. The company offers...

308

Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Lawrence Berkeley National...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

has made plug-in electric vehicle (PEV) readiness a major focus of its site sustainability strategy. The laboratory began PEV charging for employees on a modest scale in May...

309

EV Everywhere - Charge to Breakout Sessions  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

EV Everywhere Charge to Breakout Sessions Steven Boyd Department of Energy Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy steven.boyd@doe.gov July 24, 2012 2 | Program Name or Ancillary Text...

310

System Benefits Charge | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

System Benefits Charge System Benefits Charge System Benefits Charge < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Residential Schools Utility Program Info State New Hampshire Program Type Public Benefits Fund Provider New Hampshire Public Utilities Commission New Hampshire's 1996 electric-industry restructuring legislation authorized the creation of a system benefits charge (SBC) to support energy-efficiency programs and energy-assistance programs for low-income residents. The efficiency fund, which took effect in 2002, is funded by a non-bypassable surcharge of 1.8 mills per kilowatt-hour ($0.0018/kWh) on electric bills. A separate surcharge of 1.5 mills per kWh ($0.0015/kWh) supports low-income energy assistance programs. Approximately $19 million is collected annually to support the efficiency fund, although the annual sum collected has

311

Energetics of protein charge transfer and photosynthesis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energetics of protein charge transfer and photosynthesis Dmitry Matyushov Arizona State scheme is to snap a proton from solution! #12; Bacterial photosynthesis e 0.25 eV lost in two

Matyushov, Dmitry

312

Integrated All-silicon Thin-film Power Electronics on Flexible Sheets For Ubiquitous Wireless Charging Stations based on Solar-energy Harvesting  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

into wireless charging stations. In this work, we combine the thin-film circuits with flexible solar cellsIntegrated All-silicon Thin-film Power Electronics on Flexible Sheets For Ubiquitous Wireless Charging Stations based on Solar-energy Harvesting Liechao Huang, Warren Rieutort-Louis, Yingzhe Hu, Josue

313

A Spintronic Semiconductor with Selectable Charge Carriers  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

A Spintronic Semiconductor with Selectable Charge Carriers Print A Spintronic Semiconductor with Selectable Charge Carriers Print Accentuating the Positive (or the Negative) Spintronics-a type of electronics that makes use of electron spin as well as charge-is already here to a certain extent. The discovery of giant magnetoresistance, a spin-based effect, has revolutionized the information storage industry. Beyond this, however, scientists envision the possibility of combining storage and processing functions in one integrated system. In electronics, processing is done using semiconductor materials like silicon and germanium that have the requisite properties to perform logical operations with both electrons (negative n-type charge carriers) and holes (positive p-type charge carriers). Thus, a spintronically desirable semiconductor would simultaneously have discrete spin-up and spin-down states as well as both positive and negative charge carriers. Strategies for developing spintronic semiconductors have been based on surface doping or on alloying, both of which have drawbacks such as chemical instability or reduced mobility. In BiTeI, however, electron and hole conduction is achieved without modifying the ideal crystal structure. One of the things discovered by Crepaldi et al. was that the electronic band structure of BiTeI bends in different ways near the surface depending on which layer is on top. That, in turn, means that the Fermi level (which determines a material's conductivity) can be located in either the valence band (for positive charge carriers) or the conduction band (for negative charge carriers). With techniques such as molecular-beam epitaxy and chemical vapor deposition, it is realistic to consider that regions with opposite band bending could be patterned on a substrate, opening new possibilities for the manipulation of spin-polarized states.

314

A Spintronic Semiconductor with Selectable Charge Carriers  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

A Spintronic Semiconductor with Selectable Charge Carriers Print A Spintronic Semiconductor with Selectable Charge Carriers Print Accentuating the Positive (or the Negative) Spintronics-a type of electronics that makes use of electron spin as well as charge-is already here to a certain extent. The discovery of giant magnetoresistance, a spin-based effect, has revolutionized the information storage industry. Beyond this, however, scientists envision the possibility of combining storage and processing functions in one integrated system. In electronics, processing is done using semiconductor materials like silicon and germanium that have the requisite properties to perform logical operations with both electrons (negative n-type charge carriers) and holes (positive p-type charge carriers). Thus, a spintronically desirable semiconductor would simultaneously have discrete spin-up and spin-down states as well as both positive and negative charge carriers. Strategies for developing spintronic semiconductors have been based on surface doping or on alloying, both of which have drawbacks such as chemical instability or reduced mobility. In BiTeI, however, electron and hole conduction is achieved without modifying the ideal crystal structure. One of the things discovered by Crepaldi et al. was that the electronic band structure of BiTeI bends in different ways near the surface depending on which layer is on top. That, in turn, means that the Fermi level (which determines a material's conductivity) can be located in either the valence band (for positive charge carriers) or the conduction band (for negative charge carriers). With techniques such as molecular-beam epitaxy and chemical vapor deposition, it is realistic to consider that regions with opposite band bending could be patterned on a substrate, opening new possibilities for the manipulation of spin-polarized states.

315

A Spintronic Semiconductor with Selectable Charge Carriers  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

A Spintronic Semiconductor with Selectable Charge Carriers Print A Spintronic Semiconductor with Selectable Charge Carriers Print Accentuating the Positive (or the Negative) Spintronics-a type of electronics that makes use of electron spin as well as charge-is already here to a certain extent. The discovery of giant magnetoresistance, a spin-based effect, has revolutionized the information storage industry. Beyond this, however, scientists envision the possibility of combining storage and processing functions in one integrated system. In electronics, processing is done using semiconductor materials like silicon and germanium that have the requisite properties to perform logical operations with both electrons (negative n-type charge carriers) and holes (positive p-type charge carriers). Thus, a spintronically desirable semiconductor would simultaneously have discrete spin-up and spin-down states as well as both positive and negative charge carriers. Strategies for developing spintronic semiconductors have been based on surface doping or on alloying, both of which have drawbacks such as chemical instability or reduced mobility. In BiTeI, however, electron and hole conduction is achieved without modifying the ideal crystal structure. One of the things discovered by Crepaldi et al. was that the electronic band structure of BiTeI bends in different ways near the surface depending on which layer is on top. That, in turn, means that the Fermi level (which determines a material's conductivity) can be located in either the valence band (for positive charge carriers) or the conduction band (for negative charge carriers). With techniques such as molecular-beam epitaxy and chemical vapor deposition, it is realistic to consider that regions with opposite band bending could be patterned on a substrate, opening new possibilities for the manipulation of spin-polarized states.

316

A Spintronic Semiconductor with Selectable Charge Carriers  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

A Spintronic Semiconductor with Selectable Charge Carriers Print A Spintronic Semiconductor with Selectable Charge Carriers Print Accentuating the Positive (or the Negative) Spintronics-a type of electronics that makes use of electron spin as well as charge-is already here to a certain extent. The discovery of giant magnetoresistance, a spin-based effect, has revolutionized the information storage industry. Beyond this, however, scientists envision the possibility of combining storage and processing functions in one integrated system. In electronics, processing is done using semiconductor materials like silicon and germanium that have the requisite properties to perform logical operations with both electrons (negative n-type charge carriers) and holes (positive p-type charge carriers). Thus, a spintronically desirable semiconductor would simultaneously have discrete spin-up and spin-down states as well as both positive and negative charge carriers. Strategies for developing spintronic semiconductors have been based on surface doping or on alloying, both of which have drawbacks such as chemical instability or reduced mobility. In BiTeI, however, electron and hole conduction is achieved without modifying the ideal crystal structure. One of the things discovered by Crepaldi et al. was that the electronic band structure of BiTeI bends in different ways near the surface depending on which layer is on top. That, in turn, means that the Fermi level (which determines a material's conductivity) can be located in either the valence band (for positive charge carriers) or the conduction band (for negative charge carriers). With techniques such as molecular-beam epitaxy and chemical vapor deposition, it is realistic to consider that regions with opposite band bending could be patterned on a substrate, opening new possibilities for the manipulation of spin-polarized states.

317

Muonic atoms with extreme nuclear charge  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bound muons (also pions, kaons, etc) increase the fission barrier and produce some stabilizing effects for highly charged nuclei. If the binding energy of the muon exceeds $mc^2$, it becomes stable. The $1s$ state of a muon inside an exotic nucleus with atomic number $A= 5Z/2$ and such large charge $Z$ that the $1s$ energy $E$ is in the range $0\\le E<-mc^2$ is considered.

V. V. Flambaum; W. R. Johnson

2007-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

318

12 - Single-charge transport in graphene  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract: The single-charge tunneling behavior in graphene devices is reviewed and the Coulomb blockade phenomena observed in graphene constrictions, patterned single-electron transistors and graphene nanoribbons are compared with those observed in the conventional single-electron transistors with metallic islands. The phenomena that occur when compressible quantum dots are formed in graphene in the quantum Hall regime, including mesoscopic conductance fluctuations resulting from single-charge tunneling into/out of the quantum dots, are discussed.

D.S. Lee

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Charged Vortices in High Temperature Superconductors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It is argued that in the mixed state of a type II superconductor, because of the difference of the chemical potential in a superconducting versus normal state, the vortex cores may become charged. The extra electron density is estimated. The extra charge contributes to the dynamics of the vortices; in particular, it can explain in certain cases the change of the sign of the Hall coefficient below Tc frequently observed in the high temperature superconductors.

D. I. Khomskii and A. Freimuth

1995-08-14T23:59:59.000Z

320

A Spintronic Semiconductor with Selectable Charge Carriers  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

A Spintronic Semiconductor with Selectable Charge Carriers Print A Spintronic Semiconductor with Selectable Charge Carriers Print Accentuating the Positive (or the Negative) Spintronics-a type of electronics that makes use of electron spin as well as charge-is already here to a certain extent. The discovery of giant magnetoresistance, a spin-based effect, has revolutionized the information storage industry. Beyond this, however, scientists envision the possibility of combining storage and processing functions in one integrated system. In electronics, processing is done using semiconductor materials like silicon and germanium that have the requisite properties to perform logical operations with both electrons (negative n-type charge carriers) and holes (positive p-type charge carriers). Thus, a spintronically desirable semiconductor would simultaneously have discrete spin-up and spin-down states as well as both positive and negative charge carriers. Strategies for developing spintronic semiconductors have been based on surface doping or on alloying, both of which have drawbacks such as chemical instability or reduced mobility. In BiTeI, however, electron and hole conduction is achieved without modifying the ideal crystal structure. One of the things discovered by Crepaldi et al. was that the electronic band structure of BiTeI bends in different ways near the surface depending on which layer is on top. That, in turn, means that the Fermi level (which determines a material's conductivity) can be located in either the valence band (for positive charge carriers) or the conduction band (for negative charge carriers). With techniques such as molecular-beam epitaxy and chemical vapor deposition, it is realistic to consider that regions with opposite band bending could be patterned on a substrate, opening new possibilities for the manipulation of spin-polarized states.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "maximum cell charge" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

A Spintronic Semiconductor with Selectable Charge Carriers  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

A Spintronic Semiconductor with Selectable Charge Carriers Print A Spintronic Semiconductor with Selectable Charge Carriers Print Accentuating the Positive (or the Negative) Spintronics-a type of electronics that makes use of electron spin as well as charge-is already here to a certain extent. The discovery of giant magnetoresistance, a spin-based effect, has revolutionized the information storage industry. Beyond this, however, scientists envision the possibility of combining storage and processing functions in one integrated system. In electronics, processing is done using semiconductor materials like silicon and germanium that have the requisite properties to perform logical operations with both electrons (negative n-type charge carriers) and holes (positive p-type charge carriers). Thus, a spintronically desirable semiconductor would simultaneously have discrete spin-up and spin-down states as well as both positive and negative charge carriers. Strategies for developing spintronic semiconductors have been based on surface doping or on alloying, both of which have drawbacks such as chemical instability or reduced mobility. In BiTeI, however, electron and hole conduction is achieved without modifying the ideal crystal structure. One of the things discovered by Crepaldi et al. was that the electronic band structure of BiTeI bends in different ways near the surface depending on which layer is on top. That, in turn, means that the Fermi level (which determines a material's conductivity) can be located in either the valence band (for positive charge carriers) or the conduction band (for negative charge carriers). With techniques such as molecular-beam epitaxy and chemical vapor deposition, it is realistic to consider that regions with opposite band bending could be patterned on a substrate, opening new possibilities for the manipulation of spin-polarized states.

322

Charge transfer from TiO2 into adsorbed benzene diazonium compounds Tel-Aviv University, School of Electrical Engineering, Ramat-Aviv 69978, Israel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Charge transfer from TiO2 into adsorbed benzene diazonium compounds A. Merson Tel-Aviv University (Received 24 February 2004; accepted 8 June 2004) Electron transfer from sol­gel­prepared TiO2 into adsorbed are stably adsorbed. The potential of maximum current Upeak depends strongly on the diazonium salt. Upeak

Shapira, Yoram

323

Search milli-charged particles at SLAC  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Particles with electric charge q {triple_bond} Qe {le} 10{sup -3} e and masses in the range 1-1000 MeV/c{sup 2} are not excluded by present experiments or by astrophysical or cosmological arguments. A beam dump experiment uniquely suited to the detection of such {open_quotes}milli-charged{close_quotes} particles has been carried out at SLAC, utilizing the short-duration pulses of the SLC electron beam to establish a tight coincidence window for the signal. The detector, a large scintillation counter sensitive to very small energy depositions, provided much greater sensitivity than previous searches. Analysis of the data leads to the exclusion of a substantial portion of the charge-mass plane. In this report, a preliminary mass-dependent upper limit is presented for the charge of milli-charged particles, ranging from Q = 1.7 x 10{sup -5} at milli-charged particle mass 0.1 MeV/c{sup 2} to Q = 9.5 x 10{sup -4} at 100 MeV/c{sup 2}.

Langeveld, W.G.J. [Stanford Univ., CA (United States)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electric Vehicle Charging Stations  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Electric Vehicle Electric Vehicle Charging Stations to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electric Vehicle Charging Stations on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electric Vehicle Charging Stations on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electric Vehicle Charging Stations on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electric Vehicle Charging Stations on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electric Vehicle Charging Stations on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electric Vehicle Charging Stations on AddThis.com... More in this section... Electricity Basics Benefits & Considerations Stations Locations Infrastructure Development Vehicles Laws & Incentives Electric Vehicle Charging Stations

325

Hydrocarbon fouling of SCR during Premixed Charge Compression...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Hydrocarbon fouling of SCR during Premixed Charge Compression Ignition (PCCI) combustion Hydrocarbon fouling of SCR during Premixed Charge Compression Ignition (PCCI) combustion...

326

Former Oak Ridge Bechtel Jacobs Employee Charged with Violating...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Former Oak Ridge Bechtel Jacobs Employee Charged with Violating Atomic Energy Act Former Oak Ridge Bechtel Jacobs Employee Charged with Violating Atomic Energy Act Department of...

327

Smart Frequency-Sensing Charge Controller for Electric Vehicles...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

licensing:System uses frequency-sensing charge controllers that provide automatic demand response and regulation service to the grid by reducing or turning the charging load...

328

Fact #717: March 5, 2012 Availability of Electric Charging Stations...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

7: March 5, 2012 Availability of Electric Charging Stations Has Increased Dramatically in Recent Years Fact 717: March 5, 2012 Availability of Electric Charging Stations Has...

329

Vehicle Technologies Office: EV Everywhere Workplace Charging Challenge  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The EV Everywhere Workplace Charging Challenge page has moved to http://energy.gov/eere/vehicles/ev-everywhere-workplace-charging-challenge.

330

Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: FCA US LLC | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Joined the Workplace Charging Challenge: January 31, 2013 Headquarters: Auburn Hills, MI Charging Locations: Auburn Hills, MI Domestic Employees: 44,000 Meet Challenge Partners...

331

Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Chrysler Group LLC | Department...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Joined the Workplace Charging Challenge: January 31, 2013 Headquarters: Auburn Hills, MI Charging Locations: Auburn Hills, MI Domestic Employees: 44,000 More Partners See All...

332

AVTA: Blink AC Level 2 Charging System Testing Results | Department...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Blink AC Level 2 Charging System Testing Results AVTA: Blink AC Level 2 Charging System Testing Results The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries...

333

AVTA: Schneider AC Level 2 Charging System Testing Results |...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Schneider AC Level 2 Charging System Testing Results AVTA: Schneider AC Level 2 Charging System Testing Results The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity...

334

AVTA: Aerovironment AC Level 2 Charging System Testing Results...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Aerovironment AC Level 2 Charging System Testing Results AVTA: Aerovironment AC Level 2 Charging System Testing Results The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing...

335

AVTA: SPX AC Level 2 Charging System Testing Results | Department...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

AVTA: SPX AC Level 2 Charging System Testing Results AVTA: SPX AC Level 2 Charging System Testing Results The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity...

336

EV Project Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure Summary Report...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

all days Percentage of charging units connected on single calendar day with peak electricity demand Charging Demand: Range of Aggregate Electricity Demand versus Time of Day...

337

Where do Chevrolet Volt drivers in The EV Project charge when they have the opportunity to charge at work?  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper investigates where Chevy Volt drivers in the EV Project charge when they have the opportunity to charge at work. Do they charge at home, work, or some other location.

John Smart; Don Scoffield

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Where do Nissan Leaf drivers in The EV Project charge when they have the opportunity to charge at work?  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper invesigates where Nissan Leaf drivers in the EV Project charge when they have the opportunity to charge at work. Do they charge at work, home, or some other location?

John Smart; Don Scoffield

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

An Improved Maximum Likelihood Formulation for Accurate Genome Assembly Aditya Varma, Abhiram Ranade and Srinivas Aluru  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An Improved Maximum Likelihood Formulation for Accurate Genome Assembly Aditya Varma, Abhiram maximum likelihood method for genome assembly. We formulate the problem as one of direct convex estimate of the length of the genome or the need to use further expectation minimization to predict

Ranade, Abhiram G.

340

A 6/5-approximation algorithm for the maximum 3-cover problem  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the maximum cover problem, we are given a collection of sets over a ground set of elements and a positive integer w, and we are asked to compute a collection of at most w sets whose union contains the maximum ...

Ioannis Caragiannis; Gianpiero Monaco

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "maximum cell charge" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

A Basic Thermodynamic Derivation of the Maximum Overburden Pressure Generated in Frost Heave  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

can derive the maximum overburden pressure. A similar argument can also produce the maximum Heave Engine Frost heave is a common environmental process in which the freezing of water into ice can produce forces large enough to seriously damage roads and bridges [1]. Contrary to common belief, frost

Libbrecht, Kenneth G.

342

LANGMUIR WAVE ACTIVITY: COMPARING THE ULYSSES SOLAR MINIMUM AND SOLAR MAXIMUM ORBITS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

). The top three panels correspond to the southern segment of the solar minimum orbit; repeated passesLANGMUIR WAVE ACTIVITY: COMPARING THE ULYSSES SOLAR MINIMUM AND SOLAR MAXIMUM ORBITS R. J at the electron plasma frequency) during the solar minimum and solar maximum orbits of Ulysses. At high latitudes

California at Berkeley, University of

343

Comparison of VLF Wave Activity in the Solar Wind During Solar Maximum and Minimum  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

second fast latitude scan (near the solar maximum) with the wave observations during the first fast Experiments (URAP) of Ulysses during its first orbit, which occurred when the solar activity was approachingComparison of VLF Wave Activity in the Solar Wind During Solar Maximum and Minimum: Ulysses

California at Berkeley, University of

344

On the duration of the Paleocene-Eocene thermal maximum Ursula Rohl and Thomas Westerhold  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

On the duration of the Paleocene-Eocene thermal maximum (PETM) Ursula Ro¨hl and Thomas Westerhold of California, Santa Cruz, California 95064, USA [1] The Paleocene-Eocene thermal maximum (PETM) is one of global warming and a massive perturbation of the global carbon cycle from injection of isotopically light

Zachos, James

345

Vegetation and Fire at the Last Glacial Maximum in Tropical South America  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Chapter 4 Vegetation and Fire at the Last Glacial Maximum in Tropical South America Francis E temperatures. Keywords Charcoal · Last Glacial Maximum · pollen · Quaternary · tropical South America F-mail: Francis.Mayle@ed.ac.uk 89F. Vimeux et al. (eds.), Past Climate Variability in South America

Binford, Michael W.

346

Low-energy particle response to CMEs during the Ulysses solar maximum northern polar passage  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Low-energy particle response to CMEs during the Ulysses solar maximum northern polar passage D. Reisenfeld, and T. R. Sanderson (2004), Low-energy particle response to CMEs during the Ulysses solar maximum, New Mexico, USA T. R. Sanderson Research and Scientific Support Department of European Space Agency

Sanahuja, Blai

347

Use of Two Distillation Columns in Systems with Maximum Temperature Limitations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Use of Two Distillation Columns in Systems with Maximum Temperature Limitations Rebecca H. Masel, Pennsylvania 18015, United States ABSTRACT: Maximum temperature limitations are encountered in distillation of the bottoms product fixes the column base pressure and, hence, the condenser pressure. The distillate

Gilchrist, James F.

348

An Optimal Randomized Algorithm for Maximum Tukey Depth Timothy M. Chan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An Optimal Randomized Algorithm for Maximum Tukey Depth Timothy M. Chan Abstract We present the first optimal algorithm to compute the maximum Tukey depth (also known as location or halfspace depth , the Tukey depth of a point q IRd is defined as: min{|P | : over all halfspaces containing q}. We

Chan, Timothy M.

349

High order maximum principle preserving semi-Lagrangian finite difference WENO schemes for the Vlasov equation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, we propose the parametrized maximum principle preserving (MPP) flux limiter, originally developed in [37], to the semi-Lagrangian finite difference weighted essentially non-oscillatory scheme for solving the Vlasov equation. The MPP flux ... Keywords: Finite difference WENO scheme, Maximum principle preserving, Parametrized flux limiter, Semi-Lagrangian method, Vlasov equation

Tao Xiong, Jing-Mei Qiu, Zhengfu Xu, Andrew Christlieb

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Beating the maximum cooling limit with graded thermoelectric materials Zhixi Bian and Ali Shakouria  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.1063/1.2396895 The maximum cooling temperature is one of the perfor- mance parameters for a thermoelectric module. ExcludingBeating the maximum cooling limit with graded thermoelectric materials Zhixi Bian and Ali Shakouria cooling of a single element thermoelectric material cannot be improved by changing its geometry.3

351

Frequency Moments Inverse Problem and Maximum (Shannon vs. R enyi-Tsallis) Entropy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) maximization of Shannon's entropy (MaxEnt), b) maximization of R#19;enyi-Tsallis entropy (maxTent). ConcerningEnt 4 1.2 Aims 5 2 Frequency moment constraints 5 2.1 Characteristics of MaxEnt choice 6 2.2 Maximum RFrequency Moments Inverse Problem and Maximum (Shannon vs. R#19;enyi-Tsallis) Entropy #3; A case

352

A Study of Lead-Acid Battery Efficiency Near Top-of-Charge  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

the details of charge efficiency versus state of charge for the specific battery under test. Specific charge versus state of charge information is particularly important for...

353

Photoelectrochemical cell  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A photoelectrochemical cell comprising a sealed container having a light-transmitting window for admitting light into the container across a light-admitting plane, an electrolyte in the container, a photoelectrode in the container having a light-absorbing surface arranged to receive light from the window and in contact with the electrolyte, the surface having a plurality of spaced portions oblique to the plane, each portion having dimensions at least an order of magnitude larger than the maximum wavelength of incident sunlight, the total surface area of the surface being larger than the area of the plane bounded by the container, and a counter electrode in the container in contact with the electrolyte.

Rauh, R. David (Newton, MA); Boudreau, Robert A. (Norton, MA)

1983-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

354

CHARGED POINT DEFECT IN RUTILE TIO2:FROM DEFECT CHARGE DISTRIBUTION TO DEFECT PHONON FREE ENERGY.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The dominant charged point defects in transition metal oxides can change with temperature (T) and oxygen partial pressure (PO2) to control the electrical properties of… (more)

Li, Xin

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Solid-State Photogalvanic Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Solid-State Photogalvanic Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells ... photogalvanic; dye-sensitized; solar cells; thermal; electron; transfer ... (3) Modern organic photovoltaic solar cells, wherein charge separation occurs in a photoactive layer of organic semiconductor material and must migrate to collecting electrodes,(4) can be regarded as solid-state photogalvanic cells. ...

Seare A. Berhe; Habtom B. Gobeze; Sundari D. Pokharel; Eunsol Park; W. Justin Youngblood

2014-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

356

Ion Charge States in the Fast Solar Wind: New Data Analysis and Theoretical Refinements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a further investigation into the increased ionization observed in element charge states in the fast solar wind compared to its coronal hole source regions. Once ions begin to be perpendicularly heated by ion cyclotron waves and execute large gyro-orbits, density gradients in the flow can excite lower hybrid waves that then damp by heating electrons in the parallel direction. We give further analysis of charge state data from polar coronal holes at solar minimum and maximum, and also from equatorial coronal holes. We also consider further the damping of lower hybrid waves by ions and the effect of non-Maxwellian electron distribution functions on the degree of increased ionization, both of which appear to be negligible for the solar wind case considered here. We also suggest that the density gradients required to heat electrons sufficiently to further ionize the solar wind can plausibly result from the turbulent cascade of MHD waves.

J. Martin Laming; Susan T. Lepri

2007-02-05T23:59:59.000Z

357

Ion Charge States in the Fast Solar Wind: New Data Analysis and Theoretical Refinements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a further investigation into the increased ionization observed in element charge states in the fast solar wind compared to its coronal hole source regions. Once ions begin to be perpendicularly heated by ion cyclotron waves and execute large gyro-orbits, density gradients in the flow can excite lower hybrid waves that then damp by heating electrons in the parallel direction. We give further analysis of charge state data from polar coronal holes at solar minimum and maximum, and also from equatorial coronal holes. We also consider further the damping of lower hybrid waves by ions and the effect of non-Maxwellian electron distribution functions on the degree of increased ionization, both of which appear to be negligible for the solar wind case considered here. We also suggest that the density gradients required to heat electrons sufficiently to further ionize the solar wind can plausibly result from the turbulent cascade of MHD waves.

Laming, J Martin; 10.1086/513505

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

A simple physical derivation of Child–Langmuir space-charge-limited emission using vacuum capacitance  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The fundamental Child–Langmuir limit on the maximum current density in a vacuum between two infinite parallel electrodes is one of the most well known and often applied rules of plasma physics. We develop a simple model using vacuum capacitance conservation of energy and conservation of charge to derive the Child–Langmuir space-charge-limited emission. This capacitive model provides physical insight into the origins of the well known ( voltage ) 3/2 /( gap?distance ) 2 scaling of the classical current density and does not require the solution of the nonlinear differential equation normally associated with the Child–Langmuir formulation. In addition the full spacecharge-limited solution is reproduced without imposing the condition that the electric field be driven to zero at the cathode surface.

R. J. Umstattd; C. G. Carr; C. L. Frenzen; J. W. Luginsland; Y. Y. Lau

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Theoretical and experimental study of space charge in intense ion beams  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The highly collimated beams of energetic neutral atoms used in controlled thermonuclear fusion research (CTR) require the virtual elimination of space-charge forces in the primary ion beam in order to minimize the angular divergence. A model is presented which describes the behavior of an intense ion beam passing through a gas cell. This theory is used to derive the space-charge field produced by such a beam and shows how its effect can be minimized. This model agrees well with experimental measurements and enables emittance-dominated beams of very high brightness to be obtained which could find applications in fields other than CTR.

A. J. T. Holmes

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Design of light-trapping microscale-textured surfaces for efficient organic solar cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Organic photovoltaic (OPV) cells suffer from low charge carrier mobilities of polymers, which renders it important to achieve complete optical absorption in active layers thinner...

Nalwa, Kanwar S; Chaudhary, Sumit

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "maximum cell charge" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Generalized charge-screening in relativistic Thomas–Fermi model  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this paper, we study the charge shielding within the relativistic Thomas-Fermi model for a wide range of electron number-densities and the atomic-number of screened ions. A generalized energy-density relation is obtained using the force-balance equation and taking into account the Chandrasekhar's relativistic electron degeneracy pressure. By numerically solving a second-order nonlinear differential equation, the Thomas-Fermi screening length is investigated, and the results are compared for three distinct regimes of the solid-density, warm-dense-matter, and white-dwarfs (WDs). It is revealed that our nonlinear screening theory is compatible with the exponentially decaying Thomas-Fermi-type shielding predicted by the linear response theory. Moreover, the variation of relative Thomas-Fermi screening length shows that extremely dense quantum electron fluids are relatively poor charge shielders. Calculation of the total number of screening electrons around a nucleus shows that there is a position of maximum number of screening localized electrons around the screened nucleus, which moves closer to the point-like nucleus by increase in the plasma number density but is unaffected due to increase in the atomic-number value. It is discovered that the total number of screening electrons, (N{sub s}?r{sub TF}{sup 3}/r{sub d}{sup 3} where r{sub TF} and r{sub d} are the Thomas-Fermi and interparticle distance, respectively) has a distinct limit for extremely dense plasmas such as WD-cores and neutron star crusts, which is unique for all given values of the atomic-number. This is equal to saying that in an ultrarelativistic degeneracy limit of electron-ion plasma, the screening length couples with the system dimensionality and the plasma becomes spherically self-similar. Current analysis can provide useful information on the effects of relativistic correction to the charge screening for a wide range of plasma density, such as the inertial-confined plasmas and compact stellar objects.

Akbari-Moghanjoughi, M. [Department of Physics, Faculty of Sciences, Azarbaijan Shahid Madani University, 51745-406 Tabriz, Iran and International Centre for Advanced Studies in Physical Sciences and Institute for Theoretical Physics, Ruhr University Bochum, D-44780 Bochum (Germany)

2014-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

362

Electrocapturing flow cell  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A flow cell for electrophoretically-assisted capturing analytes from a flow. The flow cell includes a specimen chamber, a first membrane, a second membrane, a first electrode chamber, and a second electrode chamber. The specimen chamber may have a sample inlet and a sample outlet. A first portion of the first membrane may be coupled to a first portion of the specimen chamber. A first portion of the second membrane may be coupled to a second portion of the specimen chamber. The first electrode chamber may be configured to accept a charge. A portion of the first electrode chamber may be coupled to a second portion of the first membrane. A second electrode chamber may be configured to accept an opposite charge. A portion of the second electrode chamber may be coupled to a second portion of the second membrane.

Morozov, Victor (Manassas, VA)

2011-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

363

"Table A52. Nonswitchable Minimum Requirements and Maximum Consumption"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2. Nonswitchable Minimum Requirements and Maximum Consumption" 2. Nonswitchable Minimum Requirements and Maximum Consumption" " Potential by Census Region, 1991" " (Estimates in Physical Units)" ,,,,"RSE" ,"Actual","Minimum","Maximum","Row" "Type of Energy","Consumption","Consumption(a)","Consumption(b)","Factors" "RSE Column Factors:",1,1.2,0.8 ," Total United States" ,"-","-","-" "Electricity Receipts(c) (million kilowatthours)",718480,701478,766887,2 "Natural Gas (billion cubic feet)",5345,3485,5887,2 "Distillate Fuel Oil (thousand barrels)",23885,19113,201081,3.7 "Residual Fuel Oil (thousand barrels)",65837,36488,201921,2.6

364

Matching of photovolatic motor-pump systems for maximum efficiency operation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A PV array is a nonlinear d.c. source and its operation has to be carefully matched to that of its equivalent electrical load in order to extract the maximum available energy. Two PV pumping schemes are investigated to get the maximum gross mechanical power. The system based on the separately-excited d.c. motor is matched through the control of the motor excitation, while for the system based on the induction motor, the voltage source inverter frequency is controlled by maximum mechanical power operation.

Aziza M. Zaki; Mona N. Eskander

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

ECR plasma source for heavy ion beam charge neutralization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

resonance. Keywords: Plasma focus; RF plasma; Beam charge neutralization 1. INTRODUCTION A possible heavy

Gilson, Erik

366

Ultrafast charge separation in organic photovoltaics enhanced by charge delocalization and vibronically hot exciton dissociation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In organic photovoltaics, the mechanism by which free electrons and holes are generated overcoming the Coulomb attraction is a currently much debated topic. To elucidate this mechanism at a molecular level, we carried out a combined electronic structure and quantum dynamical analysis that captures the elementary events from the exciton dissociation to the free carrier generation at polymer/fullerene donor-acceptor heterojunctions. Our calculations show that experimentally observed efficient charge separations can be explained by a combination of two effects: First, the delocalization of charges which substantially reduces the Coulomb barrier, and second, the vibronically hot nature of the charge transfer state which promotes charge dissociation beyond the barrier. These effects facilitate an ultrafast charge separation even at low-band-offset heterojunctions.

Tamura, Hiroyuki

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Pepco  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Pepco Holdings, Inc. to someone by E-mail Pepco Holdings, Inc. to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Pepco Holdings, Inc. on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Pepco Holdings, Inc. on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Pepco Holdings, Inc. on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Pepco Holdings, Inc. on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Pepco Holdings, Inc. on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Pepco Holdings, Inc. on AddThis.com... Goals Research & Development Testing and Analysis Workplace Charging

368

Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: DTE  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

DTE Energy to someone by E-mail DTE Energy to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: DTE Energy on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: DTE Energy on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: DTE Energy on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: DTE Energy on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: DTE Energy on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: DTE Energy on AddThis.com... Goals Research & Development Testing and Analysis Workplace Charging Partners Ambassadors Resources Community and Fleet Readiness

369

Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Ford  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Ford Motor Company to someone by E-mail Ford Motor Company to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Ford Motor Company on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Ford Motor Company on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Ford Motor Company on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Ford Motor Company on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Ford Motor Company on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Ford Motor Company on AddThis.com... Goals Research & Development Testing and Analysis Workplace Charging

370

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Electric Vehicle (EV) Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Infrastructure Availability to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Infrastructure Availability on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Infrastructure Availability on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Infrastructure Availability on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Infrastructure Availability on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Infrastructure Availability on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Infrastructure Availability on AddThis.com... More in this section...

371

Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: OSRAM  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

OSRAM SYLVANIA to someone by E-mail OSRAM SYLVANIA to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: OSRAM SYLVANIA on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: OSRAM SYLVANIA on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: OSRAM SYLVANIA on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: OSRAM SYLVANIA on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: OSRAM SYLVANIA on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: OSRAM SYLVANIA on AddThis.com... Goals Research & Development Testing and Analysis Workplace Charging Partners Ambassadors Resources

372

Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: National  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

National Grid to someone by E-mail National Grid to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: National Grid on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: National Grid on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: National Grid on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: National Grid on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: National Grid on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: National Grid on AddThis.com... Goals Research & Development Testing and Analysis Workplace Charging Partners Ambassadors Resources Community and Fleet Readiness

373

Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: The  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Hartford to someone by E-mail Hartford to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: The Hartford on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: The Hartford on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: The Hartford on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: The Hartford on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: The Hartford on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: The Hartford on AddThis.com... Goals Research & Development Testing and Analysis Workplace Charging Partners Ambassadors Resources Community and Fleet Readiness

374

Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Verizon  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Verizon to someone by E-mail Verizon to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Verizon on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Verizon on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Verizon on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Verizon on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Verizon on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Verizon on AddThis.com... Goals Research & Development Testing and Analysis Workplace Charging Partners Ambassadors Resources Community and Fleet Readiness Workforce Development

375

Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Facebook  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Facebook to someone by E-mail Facebook to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Facebook on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Facebook on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Facebook on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Facebook on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Facebook on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Facebook on AddThis.com... Goals Research & Development Testing and Analysis Workplace Charging Partners Ambassadors Resources Community and Fleet Readiness Workforce Development

376

Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Dell  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Dell Inc. to someone by E-mail Dell Inc. to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Dell Inc. on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Dell Inc. on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Dell Inc. on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Dell Inc. on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Dell Inc. on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Dell Inc. on AddThis.com... Goals Research & Development Testing and Analysis Workplace Charging Partners Ambassadors Resources Community and Fleet Readiness Workforce Development

377

Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Eli  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Eli Lilly to someone by E-mail Eli Lilly to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Eli Lilly on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Eli Lilly on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Eli Lilly on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Eli Lilly on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Eli Lilly on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Eli Lilly on AddThis.com... Goals Research & Development Testing and Analysis Workplace Charging Partners Ambassadors Resources Community and Fleet Readiness Workforce Development

378

Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: City of  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Sacramento to someone by E-mail Sacramento to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: City of Sacramento on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: City of Sacramento on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: City of Sacramento on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: City of Sacramento on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: City of Sacramento on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: City of Sacramento on AddThis.com... Goals Research & Development Testing and Analysis Workplace Charging Partners

379

Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Samsung  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Samsung Electronics to someone by E-mail Samsung Electronics to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Samsung Electronics on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Samsung Electronics on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Samsung Electronics on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Samsung Electronics on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Samsung Electronics on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Samsung Electronics on AddThis.com... Goals Research & Development Testing and Analysis Workplace Charging

380

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electric Vehicle Charging Station Locations  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Electric Vehicle Electric Vehicle Charging Station Locations to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electric Vehicle Charging Station Locations on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electric Vehicle Charging Station Locations on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electric Vehicle Charging Station Locations on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electric Vehicle Charging Station Locations on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electric Vehicle Charging Station Locations on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electric Vehicle Charging Station Locations on AddThis.com... More in this section... Electricity Basics Benefits & Considerations Stations Locations Infrastructure Development

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "maximum cell charge" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

EV Everywhere Charges Up the Workplace | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

EV Everywhere Charges Up the Workplace EV Everywhere Charges Up the Workplace EV Everywhere Charges Up the Workplace January 31, 2013 - 1:45pm Addthis As part of the EV Everywhere Grand Challenge, the new Workplace Charging Challenge aims to expand access to charging stations in cities across the U.S. | Infographic by Sarah Gerrity, Energy Department. As part of the EV Everywhere Grand Challenge, the new Workplace Charging Challenge aims to expand access to charging stations in cities across the U.S. | Infographic by Sarah Gerrity, Energy Department. As part of the EV Everywhere Grand Challenge, the new Workplace Charging Challenge aims to expand access to charging stations in cities across the U.S.| Infographic by Sarah Gerrity, Energy Department. As part of the EV Everywhere Grand Challenge, the new Workplace Charging

382

Toward 300 Miles on a Single Charge? | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Toward 300 Miles on a Single Charge? Toward 300 Miles on a Single Charge? Discovery & Innovation Stories of Discovery & Innovation Brief Science Highlights SBIR/STTR Highlights Contact Information Office of Science U.S. Department of Energy 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (202) 586-5430 11.27.13 Toward 300 Miles on a Single Charge? Berkeley Lab scientists design a high-performance, long cycle-life lithium-sulfur battery. Print Text Size: A A A Subscribe FeedbackShare Page Click to enlarge photo. Enlarge Photo Scanning electron microscope image of sulfur graphene oxide. Photo courtesy of Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Scanning electron microscope image of sulfur graphene oxide. The batteries that pervade your life these days-from your cell phone to your sleek new tablet and even to your automobile, if you happen to drive

383

Orbital Degeneracy Removed by Charge Order in Triangular Antiferromagnet AgNiO{sub 2}  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report a high-resolution neutron diffraction study on the orbitally degenerate spin-1/2 hexagonal metallic antiferromagnet AgNiO{sub 2}. A structural transition to a tripled unit cell with expanded and contracted NiO{sub 6} octahedra indicates {radical}(3)x{radical}(3) charge order on the Ni triangular lattice. This suggests charge order as a possible mechanism of lifting the orbital degeneracy in the presence of charge fluctuations, as an alternative to the more usual Jahn-Teller distortions. A novel magnetic ground state is observed at low temperatures with the electron-rich S=1 Ni sites arranged in alternating ferromagnetic rows on a triangular lattice, surrounded by a honeycomb network of nonmagnetic and metallic Ni ions. We also report first-principles band-structure calculations that explain microscopically the origin of these phenomena.

Wawrzynska, E.; Coldea, R. [H. H. Wills Physics Laboratory, University of Bristol, Tyndall Avenue, Bristol BS8 1TL (United Kingdom); Wheeler, E. M. [Clarendon Laboratory, University of Oxford, Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3PU (United Kingdom); Institute Laue-Langevin, B.P. 156, 38042 Grenoble Cedex 9 (France); Mazin, I. I.; Johannes, M. D. [Code 6393, Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, D.C. 20375 (United States); Soergel, T.; Jansen, M. [Max-Planck Institut fuer Festkoerperforschung, Heisenbergstrasse 1, D-70569 Stuttgart (Germany); Ibberson, R. M.; Radaelli, P. G. [ISIS Facility, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Chilton, Didcot OX11 0QX (United Kingdom)

2007-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

384

Full charge-density calculation of the surface energy of metals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We have calculated the surface energy and the work function of the 4d metals by means of an energy functional based on a self-consistent, spherically symmetric atomic-sphere potential. In this approach the kinetic energy is calculated completely within the atomic-sphere approximation (ASA) by means of a spherically symmetrized charge density, while the Coulomb and exchange-correlation contributions are calculated by means of the complete, nonspherically symmetric charge density within nonoverlapping, space-filling Wigner-Seitz cells. The functional is used to assess the convergence and the accuracy of the linear-muffin-tin-orbitals (LMTO) method and the ASA in surface calculations. We find that the full charge-density functional improves the agreement with recent full-potential LMTO calculations to a level where the average deviation in surface energy over the 4d series is down to 10%.

L. Vitos; J. Kollár; H. L. Skriver

1994-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

385

Fractional electric charge and quark confinement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Owing to their fractional electric charges, quarks are blind to transformations that combine a color center phase with an appropriate electromagnetic one. Such transformations are part of a global $Z_6$-like center symmetry of the Standard Model that is lost when quantum chromodynamics (QCD) is treated as an isolated theory. This symmetry and the corresponding topological defects may be relevant to non-perturbative phenomena such as quark confinement, much like center symmetry and ordinary center vortices are in pure SU($N$) gauge theories. Here we report on our investigations of an analogous symmetry in a 2-color model with dynamical Wilson quarks carrying half-integer electric charge.

Sam R. Edwards; André Sternbeck; Lorenz von Smekal

2012-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

386

Transport in Charged Colloids Driven by Thermoelectricity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the thermal diffusion coefficient DT of a charged colloid in a temperature gradient, and find that it is to a large extent determined by the thermoelectric response of the electrolyte solution. The thermally induced salinity gradient leads in general to a strong increase with temperature. The difference of the heat of transport of coions and counterions gives rise to a thermoelectric field that drives the colloid to the cold or to the warm, depending on the sign of its charge. Our results provide an explanation for recent experimental findings on thermophoresis in colloidal suspensions.

Alois Würger

2014-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

387

Josephson oscillations of charge density waves  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The formation of charge density waves in solids was originally proposed as a possible mechanism for superconductivity by Froehlich. Although the experimentally discovered materials with charge density waves (CDW)s are found to have finite resistivity as a result of impurity pinning, they nevertheless reveal many interesting features including motion which is analogous to a resistively shunted Josephson junction of superconductors. The noise spectrum of CDW systems is reviewed with particular emphasis on interactions with normal as well as magnetic impurities. Future prospects for observing an amplitude variation of the noise signals induced by a magnetic field are proposed.

Ruvalds, J.; Tua, P.F.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Maximum one-day point rainfall estimation for North Indian plains using district average rainfall ratios  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A quick and simple procedure has been developed for evaluating maximum point rainfall for different return periods for any ... to different return periods. The estimates of point rainfall obtained by this procedu...

O. N. Dhar; A. K. Kulkarni; P. R. Rakhecha

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Delay Analysis of Maximum Weight Scheduling in Wireless Ad Hoc Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper studies delay properties of the well-known maximum weight scheduling algorithm in wireless ad hoc networks. We consider wireless networks with either one-hop or multihop flows. Specifically, this paper shows ...

Modiano, Eytan H.

390

E-Print Network 3.0 - analog fixed maximum Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

SUBGROUPS OF A FREE GROUP Summary: , by the Bestvina-Handel Theorem, and if H has rank exactly n, then H is said to be a maximum-rank 1-auto-fixed... subgroup of F, and...

391

Delineation of the Indo-Malayan Centre of Maximum Marine Biodiversity: The Coral Triangle  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The ranges of many tropical marine species overlap in a centre of maximum marine biodiversity, which is located in the Indo-Malayan ... efforts involve the establishment of a network of Marine Protected Areas (MP...

Bert W. Hoeksema

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Achieving Consistent Maximum Brake Torque with Varied Injection Timing in a DI Diesel Engine  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, the characteristics of combustion for swept injection timings along the maximum brake torque plateau are determined. The research is conducted by varying injection timing at constant engine speed and load while measuring engine emissions and in-cylinder pressure...

Kroeger, Timothy H

2013-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

393

Wind Mixing and Restratification in a Lake near the Temperature of Maximum Density  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The cooling of a freshwater take provides an opportunity for studying wind mixing and restratification under the peculiar conditions associated with a density maximum. The concepts are explored using a mixing-layer model that incorporates both ...

David M. Farmer; Eddy Carmack

1981-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Investment Options TFLIC Guaranteed Pooled Fund seeks to provide maximum yield  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Investment Options TFLIC Guaranteed Pooled Fund seeks to provide maximum yield consistent Financial Life Insurance Company (TFLIC) that invests in a diverse pool of high quality fixed: Galliard Capital Management Transamerica Partners Core Bond invests primarily in investment grade debt

Meyers, Steven D.

395

Tropical climate variability from the last glacial maximum to the present  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis evaluates the nature and magnitude of tropical climate variability from the Last Glacial Maximum to the present. The temporal variability of two specific tropical climate phenomena is examined. The first is the ...

Dahl, Kristina Ariel

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Atlantic Ocean circulation at the last glacial maximum : inferences from data and models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis focuses on ocean circulation and atmospheric forcing in the Atlantic Ocean at the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM, 18-21 thousand years before present). Relative to the pre-industrial climate, LGM atmospheric CO? ...

Dail, Holly Janine

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Variable-Speed Wind Generator System with Maximum Output Power Control  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

To achieve maximum output power from wind generator systems, the rotational speed of wind generators should be adjusted in real time according to natural wind speed. This chapter pays attention to an optimum rota...

Yoko Amano

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Charge-dipole acceleration of polar gas molecules towards charged nanoparticles: involvement in powerful charge-induced catalysis of heterophase chemical reactions and ball lightning phenomenon  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In humid air, the substantial charge-dipole attraction and electrostatic acceleration of surrounding water vapour molecules towards charged combustible nanoparticles cause intense electrostatic hydration and preferential oxidation of these nanoparticles ...

Oleg Meshcheryakov

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Heterogeneity-corrected vs -uncorrected critical structure maximum point doses in breast balloon brachytherapy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recent studies have reported potentially clinically meaningful dose differences when heterogeneity correction is used in breast balloon brachytherapy. In this study, we report on the relationship between heterogeneity-corrected and -uncorrected doses for 2 commonly used plan evaluation metrics: maximum point dose to skin surface and maximum point dose to ribs. Maximum point doses to skin surface and ribs were calculated using TG-43 and Varian Acuros for 20 patients treated with breast balloon brachytherapy. The results were plotted against each other and fit with a zero-intercept line. Max skin dose (Acuros) = max skin dose (TG-43) ? 0.930 (R{sup 2} = 0.995). The average magnitude of difference from this relationship was 1.1% (max 2.8%). Max rib dose (Acuros) = max rib dose (TG-43) ? 0.955 (R{sup 2} = 0.9995). The average magnitude of difference from this relationship was 0.7% (max 1.6%). Heterogeneity-corrected maximum point doses to the skin surface and ribs were proportional to TG-43-calculated doses. The average deviation from proportionality was 1%. The proportional relationship suggests that a different metric other than maximum point dose may be needed to obtain a clinical advantage from heterogeneity correction. Alternatively, if maximum point dose continues to be used in recommended limits while incorporating heterogeneity correction, institutions without this capability may be able to accurately estimate these doses by use of a scaling factor.

Kim, Leonard, E-mail: kimlh@umdnj.edu [Department of Radiation Oncology, Cancer Institute of New Jersey, Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, New Brunswick, NJ (United States); Narra, Venkat; Yue, Ning [Department of Radiation Oncology, Cancer Institute of New Jersey, Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, New Brunswick, NJ (United States)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Charged Q-balls and boson stars and dynamics of charged test particles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We construct electrically charged Q-balls and boson stars in a model with a scalar self-interaction potential resulting from gauge mediated supersymmetry breaking. We discuss the properties of these solutions in detail and emphasize the differences to the uncharged case. We observe that Q-balls can only be constructed up to a maximal value of the charge of the scalar field, while for boson stars the interplay between the attractive gravitational force and the repulsive electromagnetic force determines their behaviour. We find that the vacuum is stable with respect to pair production in the presence of our charged boson stars. We also study the motion of charged, massive test particles in the space-time of boson stars. We find that in contrast to charged black holes the motion of charged test particles in charged boson star space-times is planar, but that the presence of the scalar field plays a crucial role for the qualitative features of the trajectories. Applications of this test particle motion can be made in the study of extreme-mass ratio inspirals (EMRIs) as well as astrophysical plasmas relevant e.g. in the formation of accretion discs and polar jets of compact objects.

Yves Brihaye; Valeria Diemer; Betti Hartmann

2014-02-05T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "maximum cell charge" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Geodesic study of a charged black hole  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The behavior of the timelike and null geodesics of charged E. Ay$\\acute{o}$n-Beato and A. Garcia (ABG) black hole are investigated. For circular and radial geodesics, we investigate all the possible motions by plotting the effective potentials for different parameters. In conclusion, we have shown that there is no phenomenon of \\textit{superradiance} in this case.

Mehedi Kalam; Nur Farhad; Sk. Monowar Hossein

2013-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

402

Conserved charges in 3D gravity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The covariant canonical expression for the conserved charges, proposed by Nester, is tested on several solutions in three-dimensional gravity with or without torsion and topologically massive gravity. In each of these cases, the calculated values of energy momentum and angular momentum are found to satisfy the first law of black hole thermodynamics.

M. Blagojevi? and B. Cvetkovi?

2010-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

403

Cryogenic search for fractionally charged particles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An experiment was performed to test the hypothesis of cryogenic trapping of fractionally charged particles, suggested as a possible explanation for the results of LaRue, Fairbank, Hebard, and Phillips at Stanford. A Nb-filament source was built, which could be cooled to 4.2°K and rapidly heated to several hundred °K. The source was operated in the terminal of a 700-kV Cockcroft-Walton accelerator and energy spectra of positively charged particles emerging from the filament were measured under a variety of operating conditions. No events above a background of 10-2 counts/sec were found in the energy regions where one might have expected several hundred particles of charge +13e or +23e as the source was heated. A mass range from 10 MeV/c2 to 100 GeV/c2 was covered in the experiment. Although negative results are rarely unambiguous, our findings exclude one class of hypotheses which might have explained the apparent fractional charges of the Stanford experiments.

W. Kutschera; J. P. Schiffer; D. Frekers; W. Henning; M. Paul; K. W. Shepard; C. D. Curtis; C. W. Schmidt

1984-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

CP and charge asymmetries at CDF  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present CDF results on the branching fractions and time-integrated direct CP asymmetries for B0 and B0s decay modes into pairs of charmless charged hadrons (pions or kaons). We report also the first observation of B0s->DsK mode and the measurement of its branching fraction.

Morello, Michael; /Pisa U. /INFN, Pisa

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Interaction of Gravitational Waves with Charged Particles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It is shown here that a cloud of charged particles could in principle absorb energy from gravitational waves (GWs) incident upon it, resulting in wave attenuation. This could in turn have implications for the interpretation of future data from early universe GWs.

Wickramasinghe, Thulsi; Revalski, Mitchell

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

R. E. Johnson Energetic ChargedParticle  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

R. E. Johnson Energetic Charged­Particle Interactions with Atmospheres and Surfaces SPIN SpringerKong London Milan Paris Tokyo #12; #12; This book is dedicated to Ted and Elsie Johnson #12; #12; Preface, and a period of time with the group at Catania. January 2006 R.E. Johnson, #12; #12; Contents Part I Part Title

Johnson, Robert E.

407

Charge Noise in Graphene Transistors Iddo Heller,,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Charge Noise in Graphene Transistors Iddo Heller,,§ Sohail Chatoor, Jaan Ma¨nnik, Marcel A. G an experimental study of 1/f noise in liquid-gated graphene transistors. We show that the gate dependence to the graphene, while at high carrier density it is consistent with noise due to scattering in the channel

Dekker, Cees

408

Pion double charge exchange and hadron dynamics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper will review theoretical results to show how pion double charge exchange is contributing to our understanding of hadron dynamics in nuclei. The exploitation of the nucleus as a filter is shown to be essential in facilitating the comparison between theory and experiment. 23 refs., 3 figs., 2 tabs.

Johnson, M.B.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Conserved charges in 3D gravity  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The covariant canonical expression for the conserved charges, proposed by Nester, is tested on several solutions in three-dimensional gravity with or without torsion and topologically massive gravity. In each of these cases, the calculated values of energy momentum and angular momentum are found to satisfy the first law of black hole thermodynamics.

Blagojevic, M.; Cvetkovic, B. [University of Belgrade, Institute of Physics, P. O. Box 57, 11001 Belgrade (Serbia)

2010-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

410

Water Conservation Task Force (2014 Charge)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Water Conservation Task Force (2014 Charge) The Task Force will advise the Chancellor and Campus Provost/Executive Vice Chancellor (CP/EVC) on current and past water use and provide recommendations on implementation of policies for potable water use reductions in support of The Regents Policy on Sustainable

California at Santa Cruz, University of

411

Semiconductor heterojunction band offsets and charge neutrality  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on semi- conductors A and B like Figure 3. 1, and commutativity of semiconductors A and B, i. e. , DEs(A ? B) = DE?(B ? A). (3. 33) We predict the charge neutrality levels &b, 4is and 4i, might align in semiconductors A, B and C as shown in Figure 3...

Lee, Chomsik

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

412

Three-dimensional charge coupled device  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A monolithic three dimensional charged coupled device (3D-CCD) which utilizes the entire bulk of the semiconductor for charge generation, storage, and transfer. The 3D-CCD provides a vast improvement of current CCD architectures that use only the surface of the semiconductor substrate. The 3D-CCD is capable of developing a strong E-field throughout the depth of the semiconductor by using deep (buried) parallel (bulk) electrodes in the substrate material. Using backside illumination, the 3D-CCD architecture enables a single device to image photon energies from the visible, to the ultra-violet and soft x-ray, and out to higher energy x-rays of 30 keV and beyond. The buried or bulk electrodes are electrically connected to the surface electrodes, and an E-field parallel to the surface is established with the pixel in which the bulk electrodes are located. This E-field attracts charge to the bulk electrodes independent of depth and confines it within the pixel in which it is generated. Charge diffusion is greatly reduced because the E-field is strong due to the proximity of the bulk electrodes.

Conder, Alan D. (Tracy, CA); Young, Bruce K. F. (Livermore, CA)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Process for fabricating a charge coupled device  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A monolithic three dimensional charged coupled device (3D-CCD) which utilizes the entire bulk of the semiconductor for charge generation, storage, and transfer. The 3D-CCD provides a vast improvement of current CCD architectures that use only the surface of the semiconductor substrate. The 3D-CCD is capable of developing a strong E-field throughout the depth of the semiconductor by using deep (buried) parallel (bulk) electrodes in the substrate material. Using backside illumination, the 3D-CCD architecture enables a single device to image photon energies from the visible, to the ultra-violet and soft x-ray, and out to higher energy x-rays of 30 keV and beyond. The buried or bulk electrodes are electrically connected to the surface electrodes, and an E-field parallel to the surface is established with the pixel in which the bulk electrodes are located. This E-field attracts charge to the bulk electrodes independent of depth and confines it within the pixel in which it is generated. Charge diffusion is greatly reduced because the E-field is strong due to the proximity of the bulk electrodes.

Conder, Alan D. (Tracy, CA); Young, Bruce K. F. (Livermore, CA)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Performance and cycling of the iron-ion/hydrogen redox flow cell with  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Performance and cycling of the iron-ion/hydrogen redox flow cell with Performance and cycling of the iron-ion/hydrogen redox flow cell with various catholyte salts Title Performance and cycling of the iron-ion/hydrogen redox flow cell with various catholyte salts Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2013 Authors Tucker, Michael C., Venkat Srinivasan, Philip N. Ross, and Adam Z. Weber Journal Journal of Applied Electrochemistry Volume 43 Issue 7 Pagination 637 - 644 Date Published 7/2013 ISSN 0021-891X Keywords battery, Flow battery, iron hydrogen cell, progress, redox flow cell Abstract A redox flow cell utilizing the Fe2+/Fe3+ and H-2/H+ couples is investigated as an energy storage device. A conventional polymer electrolyte fuel cell anode and membrane design is employed, with a cathode chamber containing a carbon felt flooded with aqueous acidic solution of iron salt. The maximum power densities achieved for iron sulfate, iron chloride, and iron nitrate are 148, 207, and 234 mW cm(-2), respectively. It is found that the capacity of the iron nitrate solution decreases rapidly during cycling. Stable cycling is observed for more than 100 h with iron chloride and iron sulfate solutions. Both iron sulfate and iron chloride solutions display moderate discharge polarization and poor charge polarization; therefore, voltage efficiency decreases dramatically with increasing current density. A small self-discharge current occurs when catholyte is circulating through the cathode chamber. As a result, a current density above 100 mA cm(-2) is required to achieve high Coulombic efficiency (> 0.9).

415

Module level solutions to solar cell polarization  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A solar cell module includes interconnected solar cells, a transparent cover over the front sides of the solar cells, and a backsheet on the backsides of the solar cells. The solar cell module includes an electrical insulator between the transparent cover and the front sides of the solar cells. An encapsulant protectively packages the solar cells. To prevent polarization, the insulator has resistance suitable to prevent charge from leaking from the front sides of the solar cells to other portions of the solar cell module by way of the transparent cover. The insulator may be attached (e.g., by coating) directly on an underside of the transparent cover or be a separate layer formed between layers of the encapsulant. The solar cells may be back junction solar cells.

Xavier, Grace (Fremont, CA), Li; Bo (San Jose, CA)

2012-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

416

Alternative Fuels Data Center: EV Charging Stations Spread Through Philly  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

EV Charging Stations EV Charging Stations Spread Through Philly to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: EV Charging Stations Spread Through Philly on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: EV Charging Stations Spread Through Philly on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: EV Charging Stations Spread Through Philly on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: EV Charging Stations Spread Through Philly on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: EV Charging Stations Spread Through Philly on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: EV Charging Stations Spread Through Philly on AddThis.com... March 3, 2012 EV Charging Stations Spread Through Philly W atch how Philadelphia fuels electric vehicles with a growing network of

417

On the "viscosity maximum" during the uniaxial extension of a low density polyethylene  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An experimental investigation of the viscosity overshoot phenomenon observed during uniaxial extension of a low density polyethylene is pre- sented. For this purpose, traditional integral viscosity measurements on a Muenstedt type extensional rheometer are combined with local mea- surements based on the in-situ visualization of the sample under exten- sion. For elongational experiments at constant strain rates within a wide range of Weissenberg numbers (Wi), three distinct deformation regimes are identified. Corresponding to low values of Wi (regime I), the tensile stress displays a broad maximum. This maximum can be explained by simple mathematical arguments as a result of low deformation rates and it should not be confused with the viscosity overshoot phenomenon. Corre- sponding to intermediate values of Wi (regime II), a local maximum of the integral extensional viscosity is systematically observed. However, within this regime, the local viscosity measurements reveal no maximum, but a plateau. Careful inspection of the images of samples within this regime shows that, corresponding to the maximum of the integral viscosity, sec- ondary necks develop along the sample. The emergence of a maximum of the integral elongational viscosity is thus related to the distinct in- homogeneity of deformation states and is not related to the rheological properties of the material. In the fast stretching limit (high Wi, regime III), the overall geometric uniformity of the sample is well preserved, no secondary necks are observed and both the integral and the local transient elongational viscosity show no maximum. A detailed comparison of the experimental findings with results from literature is presented.

Teodor I. Burghelea; Zdenek Stary; Helmut Muenstedt

2010-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

418

Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Dominion  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Dominion Resources, Inc. to someone by E-mail Dominion Resources, Inc. to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Dominion Resources, Inc. on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Dominion Resources, Inc. on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Dominion Resources, Inc. on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Dominion Resources, Inc. on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Dominion Resources, Inc. on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Dominion Resources, Inc. on AddThis.com... Goals Research & Development

419

Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: AVL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AVL Powertrain Engineering, Inc. to someone by E-mail AVL Powertrain Engineering, Inc. to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: AVL Powertrain Engineering, Inc. on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: AVL Powertrain Engineering, Inc. on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: AVL Powertrain Engineering, Inc. on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: AVL Powertrain Engineering, Inc. on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: AVL Powertrain Engineering, Inc. on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: AVL Powertrain Engineering, Inc. on

420

Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: JLA  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

JLA Public Involvement to someone by E-mail JLA Public Involvement to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: JLA Public Involvement on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: JLA Public Involvement on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: JLA Public Involvement on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: JLA Public Involvement on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: JLA Public Involvement on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: JLA Public Involvement on AddThis.com... Goals Research & Development Testing and Analysis

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "maximum cell charge" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

A review of maximum power point tracking algorithms for wind energy systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper reviews state of the art maximum power point tracking (MPPT) algorithms for wind energy systems. Due to the instantaneous changing nature of the wind, it is desirable to determine the one optimal generator speed that ensures maximum energy yield. Therefore, it is essential to include a controller that can track the maximum peak regardless of wind speed. The available MPPT algorithms can be classified as either with or without sensors, as well as according to the techniques used to locate the maximum peak. A comparison has been made between the performance of different MPPT algorithms on the basis of various speed responses and ability to achieve the maximum energy yield. Based on simulation results available in the literature, the optimal torque control (OTC) has been found to be the best MPPT method for wind energy systems due to its simplicity. On the other hand, the perturbation and observation (P&O) method is flexible and simple in implementation, but is less efficient and has difficulties determining the optimum step-size.

M.A. Abdullah; A.H.M. Yatim; C.W. Tan; R. Saidur

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

On the maximum value of the cosmic abundance of oxygen and the oxygen yield  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We search for the maximum oxygen abundance in spiral galaxies. Because this maximum value is expected to occur in the centers of the most luminous galaxies, we have constructed the luminosity - central metallicity diagram for spiral galaxies, based on a large compilation of existing data on oxygen abundances of HII regions in spiral galaxies. We found that this diagram shows a plateau at high luminosities (-22.3 oxygen abundance 12+log(O/H) ~ 8.87. This provides strong evidence that the oxygen abundance in the centers of the most luminous metal-rich galaxies reaches the maximum attainable value of oxygen abundance. Since some fraction of the oxygen (about 0.08 dex) is expected to be locked into dust grains, the maximum value of the true gas+dust oxygen abundance in spiral galaxies is 12+log(O/H) ~ 8.95. This value is a factor of ~ 2 higher than the recently estimated solar value. Based on the derived maximum oxygen abundance in galaxies, we found the oxygen yield to be about 0.0035, depending on the fraction of oxygen incorporated into dust grains.

L. S. Pilyugin; T. X. Thuan; J. M. Vilchez

2007-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

423

A Research Into a New Method of Refrigeration Charging and the Effects of Improper Charging  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A RESEARCH INTO A NEW METHOD OF REFRIGERATION CHARGING AND THE EFFECTS OF IMPROPER CHARGING John Houcek Principal The Houcek Company Dallas, Texas Marvin Thedford Supervisor of Technical Services Research rexas Power & Light Company Dallas... conditioning and refrigeration equipment utilizing capillary tube or other fixed-orifice meter- ing devices at other than optimum conditions has long been a seriouri problem. With the advent of high ef- ficiency coo1:lng equipment this problem has become...

Houcek, J.; Thedford, M.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

AVTA: ChargePoint AC Level 2 Charging System Testing Results  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. These results provide benchmark data that researchers can use to develop technology models and guide future research and development. The following report describes results from testing done on the ChargePoint AC Level 2 charging system for plug-in electric vehicles.

425

Zinc oxide nanoparticles and monocytes: Impact of size, charge and solubility on activation status  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Zinc oxide (ZnO) particle induced cytotoxicity was dependent on size, charge and solubility, factors which at sublethal concentrations may influence the activation of the human monocytic cell line THP1. ZnO nanoparticles (NP; average diameter 70 nm) were more toxic than the bulk form (< 44 ?m mesh) and a positive charge enhanced cytotoxicity of the NP despite their relatively high dissolution. A positive charge of the particles has been shown in other studies to have an influence on cell viability. Centrifugal filtration using a cut off of 5 kDa and Zn element analysis by atomic absorption spectroscopy confirmed that exposure of the ZnO particles and NP to 10% foetal bovine serum resulted in a strong association of the Zn{sup 2+} ion with protein. This association with protein may influence interaction of the ZnO particles and NP with THP1 cells. After 24 h exposure to the ZnO particles and NP at sublethal concentrations there was little effect on immunological markers of inflammation such as HLA DR and CD14, although they may induce a modest increase in the adhesion molecule CD11b. The cytokine TNF? is normally associated with proinflammatory immune responses but was not induced by the ZnO particles and NP. There was also no effect on LPS stimulated TNF? production. These results suggest that ZnO particles and NP do not have a classical proinflammatory effect on THP1 cells. -- Highlights: ? ZnO is cytotoxic to THP-1 monocytes. ? ZnO nanoparticles are more toxic than the bulk form. ? Positive charge enhances ZnO nanoparticle cytotoxicity. ? Sublethal doses of ZnO particles do not induce classical proinflammatory markers.

Prach, Morag [Edinburgh Napier University, School of Life, Sport and Social Science, Edinburgh (United Kingdom)] [Edinburgh Napier University, School of Life, Sport and Social Science, Edinburgh (United Kingdom); Stone, Vicki [Heriot-Watt University, School of Life Sciences, Edinburgh (United Kingdom)] [Heriot-Watt University, School of Life Sciences, Edinburgh (United Kingdom); Proudfoot, Lorna, E-mail: l.proudfoot@napier.ac.uk [Edinburgh Napier University, School of Life, Sport and Social Science, Edinburgh (United Kingdom)] [Edinburgh Napier University, School of Life, Sport and Social Science, Edinburgh (United Kingdom)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

The Particle Adventure | What holds it together? | Color charge  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

The Standard Model > What holds it together? > Color charge The Standard Model > What holds it together? > Color charge Color charge Quarks and gluons are color-charged particles. Just as electrically-charged particles interact by exchanging photons in electromagnetic interactions, color-charged particles exchange gluons in strong interactions. When two quarks are close to one another, they exchange gluons and create a very strong color force field that binds the quarks together. The force field gets stronger as the quarks get further apart. Quarks constantly change their color charges as they exchange gluons with other quarks. How does color charge work? There are three color charges and three corresponding anticolor (complementary color) charges. Each quark has one of the three color charges and each antiquark has one of the three anticolor charges. Just as a mix of red, green, and blue light yields white light, in a baryon a combination of "red," "green," and "blue" color charges is color neutral, and in an antibaryon "antired," "antigreen," and "antiblue" is also color neutral. Mesons are color neutral because they carry combinations such as "red" and "antired."

427

A charge-pump 60kV modulator for the ISOLDE target extraction voltage  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The ISOLDE facility at CERN provides radioactive ion beams to a number of experimental stations. These ions are produced by a metal target, floating at 60 kV, which is impacted by a 1.4 GeV high intensity proton beam. The ions are then accelerated by a grounded extraction electrode to 60 keV, before transport to the experimental area. During proton beam impact extremely high ionisation of the volume around the target gives rise to significant leakage current which results in loss of charge on the effective target capacitance of approximately 6 nF. If short life-time isotopes are to be studied, the 60 kV must be re-established within a maximum of 10 ms. Recharging the target capacitance to 60 kV and to the required stability of better than 10-4 precludes a direct charging system and an alternative method of re-establishing the 60 kV is used. The present system [1], in operation since 1991, employs a resonant circuit which is triggered 35 µs prior to beam impact. This circuit transfers the charge on the effec...

Barlow, R A; Fowler, A; Gaudillet, H; Gharsa, T; Schipper, J

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Charge trapping in imidazolium ionic liquids  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

trapping in imidazolium ionic liquids trapping in imidazolium ionic liquids I. A. Shkrob and J. F. Wishart J. Phys. Chem. B 113, 5582-5592 (2009). [Find paper at ACS Publications] or use ACS Articles on Request Abstract: Room-temperature ionic liquids (ILs) are a promising class of solvents for applications ranging from photovoltaics to solvent extractions. Some of these applications involve the exposure of the ILs to ionizing radiation, which stimulates interest in their radiation and photo- chemistry. In the case of ILs consisting of 1,3-dialkylimidazolium cations and hydrophobic anions, ionization, charge transfer and redox reactions yield charge-trapped species thought to be radicals resulting from neutralization of the constituent ions. Using computational chemistry methods and the recent results on electron spin resonance (ESR) and transient absorption

429

Method and apparatus for charged particle propagation  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method and apparatus are provided for propagating charged particles from a vacuum to a higher pressure region. A generator includes an evacuated chamber having a gun for discharging a beam of charged particles such as an electron beam or ion beam. The beam is discharged through a beam exit in the chamber into a higher pressure region. A plasma interface is disposed at the beam exit and includes a plasma channel for bounding a plasma maintainable between a cathode and an anode disposed at opposite ends thereof. The plasma channel is coaxially aligned with the beam exit for propagating the beam from the chamber, through the plasma, and into the higher pressure region. The plasma is effective for pumping down the beam exit for preventing pressure increase in the chamber and provides magnetic focusing of the beam discharged into the higher pressure region 24. 7 figs.

Hershcovitch, A.

1996-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

430

High gradient lens for charged particle beam  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Methods and devices enable shaping of a charged particle beam. A dynamically adjustable electric lens includes a series of alternating a series of alternating layers of insulators and conductors with a hollow center. The series of alternating layers when stacked together form a high gradient insulator (HGI) tube to allow propagation of the charged particle beam through the hollow center of the HGI tube. A plurality of transmission lines are connected to a plurality of sections of the HGI tube, and one or more voltage sources are provided to supply an adjustable voltage value to each transmission line of the plurality of transmission lines. By changing the voltage values supplied to each section of the HGI tube, any desired electric field can be established across the HGI tube. This way various functionalities including focusing, defocusing, acceleration, deceleration, intensity modulation and others can be effectuated on a time varying basis.

Chen, Yu-Jiuan

2014-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

431

Examination of shaped charge liner shock loading  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A series of experiments was conducted for the purpose of achieving a more fundamental understanding of the shaped charge liner shock loading environment. The test configuration, representing the middle portion of a shaped charge, consists of a 50 mm deep, 100 mm tall, and 2 mm thick copper plate driven by 50 mm deep, 100 mm tall, tapered thickness wedge of LX-14. An electrically driven 50 mm square flyer is used to surface initiate the base of the LX-14 causing a plane detonation wave to propagate into the explosive wedge along the liner surface. Fabry-Perot laser velocimetry measures the particle velocity time history of the plate. The CTH and DYNA2D hydrocodes are used to simulate the experiments. Calculations of the velocity profiles are compared to the experimental results. The effects of mesh density, copper material failure and strength models, and explosive detonation models are discussed.

Murphy, M.J.; Moore, T.W.; Lee, C.G.; Breithaupt, R.; Avara, G.R.

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Increasing positive displacement charging pump reliability  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The use of positive displacement pumps in many PWRs is an integral part of providing reactivity control via the Chemical and Volume Control system. This usually requires the continuous operation of at least one pump, typically with a flow rate of 44 gpm {at} 2,310 psig (167 lpm {at} 160 bar). Some PWRs use multiple pumps, and vary the letdown, while others use variable speed pumps. Regardless, the charging pumps run continuously. With the amount of reciprocating mass, differential pressure, and friction, it is a battle to maintain the pumps in peak operating condition for long periods of time. This paper will show how Entergy Operations` Waterford 3 SES was able to increase the reliability of the positive displacement Charging Pumps. Many different solutions were evaluated, and several adopted. The results are undeniable, as availability has increased and O and M costs have been reduced by 90% over 6 years.

Wade, J.H. III [Entergy Operations, Inc., Killona, LA (United States)

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Charge Spectrometry for Kr79-Br79  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The distribution in charge of the Br79 atoms formed in the complex electron capture and ?+ decay of radioactive Kr79 has been found to consist of two components; one to be mostly associated with the ?+ transitions, and the other with the electron capture transitions. Because of a difference in instrumental efficiency, the relative intensity of the two components is undetermined in the present work, but if the value of 9.3 is assumed for the total electron-capture/?+ ratio, then the spectrum for the successive charges -1, 0, +1...+13 is as follows (figures in percent): 7.7, 3.7 (estimated), 4.0, 4.7, 12.7, 16.0, 14.3, 13.6, 11.3, 7.7, 3.3, 0.68, 0.13, 0.054, and 0.014, respectively.

Arthur H. Snell; F. Pleasonton; John L. Need

1959-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

434

On quantization of mass and electrical charge  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Suggested non-linear, non-gauge modification of the Maxwell theory of electromagnetism based on correlation between electromagnetic potential, $A_a$, and metric, $g_{ab}$, such that tensor $G_{ab} = g_{ab} - l^2{A}_a{A}_b$ represents observable metric. Here $l$ is fundamental constant of the theory. The idea, that the charge density of elementary particle could be a function of electromagnetic potential and background metric (only) is accepted, and specific model of the density is considered. Due to non-linearity of equations, one obtains solutions corresponding to quantized electrical charge with spectrum $q_{n} = {{2n}\\over3}e$ and $q'_{n} = -{(2n+1)\\over3}e$, where $n = 0, 1, 2, ...$

Dmitriy Palatnik

2005-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

435

Carbonization of Coal Evaluation of Effects of Rate of Heating and of Maximum Temperature on Pyrolysis of a Coking Coal  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Carbonization of Coal Evaluation of Effects of Rate of Heating and of Maximum Temperature on Pyrolysis of a Coking Coal ...

William B. Warren

1935-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

AVTA: Hasdec DC Fast Charging Testing Results  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. These results provide benchmark data that researchers can use to develop technology models and guide future research and development. The following report describes results from testing done on the Hasdec DC fast charging system for plug-in electric vehicles. This research was conducted by Idaho National Laboratory.

437

Anomaly-induced charges in baryons  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show that quantum chiral anomaly of QCD in magnetic backgrounds induces a novel structure of electric charge inside baryons. To illustrate the anomaly effect, we employ the Skyrme model for baryons, with the anomaly-induced gauged Wess-Zumino term (\\pi_0 + (multi-pion)) E_i B_i. Due to this term, the Skyrmions giving a local pion condensation ((\\pi_0 + (multi-pion)) \

Minoru Eto; Koji Hashimoto; Hideaki Iida; Takaaki Ishii; Yu Maezawa

2011-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

438

Winding number versus Chern--Pontryagin charge  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the usual d dimensional SO(d) gauged Higgs models with $d$-component Higgs fields, the 'energies' of the topologically stable solitons are bounded from below by the Chern-Pontryagin charges. A new class of Higgs models is proposed here, whose 'energies' are stabilised instead by the winding number of the Higgs field itself, with no reference to the gauge group. Consequently, such Higgs models can be gauged by SO(N), with 2 \\le N \\le d.

Tigran Tchrakian

2002-04-04T23:59:59.000Z

439

Charge breaking bounds in the Zee model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the possibility that charge breaking minima occur in the Zee model. We reach very different conclusions from those attained in simpler, two Higgs doublet models, and the reason for this is traced back to the existence of cubic terms in the potential. A scan of the Zee model's parameter space shows that CB is restricted to a narrow region of values of the parameters.

A. Barroso; P. M. Ferreira

2005-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

440

Performance simulation and analysis of a fuel cell/battery hybrid forklift truck  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The performance of a forklift truck powered by a hybrid system consisting of a PEM fuel cell and a lead acid battery is modeled and investigated by conducting a parametric study. Various combinations of fuel cell size and battery capacity are employed in conjunction with two distinct control strategies to study their effect on hydrogen consumption and battery state-of-charge for two drive cycles characterized by different operating speeds and forklift loads. The results show that for all case studies, the combination of a 110 cell stack with two strings of 55 Ah batteries is the most economical choice for the hybrid system based on system size and hydrogen consumption. In addition, it is observed that hydrogen consumption decreases by about 24% when the maximum speed of the drive cycle is decreased from 4.5 to 3 m/s. Similarly, by decreasing the forklift load from 2.5 to 1.5 ton, the hydrogen consumption decreases by over 20%.

Elham Hosseinzadeh; Masoud Rokni; Suresh G. Advani; Ajay K. Prasad

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "maximum cell charge" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: GM  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

GM to someone by E-mail GM to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: GM on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: GM on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: GM on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: GM on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: GM on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: GM on AddThis.com... Goals Research & Development Testing and Analysis Workplace Charging Partners Ambassadors Resources Community and Fleet Readiness Workforce Development Plug-in Electric Vehicle Basics Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: GM

442

Solvent-Mediated Folding of a Doubly Charged Anion. | EMSL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Solvent-Mediated Folding of a Doubly Charged Anion. Solvent-Mediated Folding of a Doubly Charged Anion. Abstract: The microsolvation of suberate dianion, -O2C(CH2)6CO2-, with two...

443

Design and control of photoflash capacitor charging circuits  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis develops an optimal strategy for charging photoflash capacitors. Photoflash capacitors need to be charged to voltages as high as 350V in low-voltage battery-powered portable devices. With the decreasing size ...

Negrete, Michael G. (Michael George), 1980-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Dirac Charge Dynamcs in Graphene by Infrared Spectroscopy  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Dirac Charge Dynamcs in Graphene by Infrared Spectroscopy Dirac Charge Dynamcs in Graphene by Infrared Spectroscopy Print Wednesday, 29 October 2008 00:00 Graphene-a single layer...

445

Experimental investigation of induced-charge electro-osmosis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We analyze the general phenomenon of induced-charge electro-osmosis (ICEO), nonlinear electro-osmotic slip generated when an electric field acts on its own induced charge around a polarizable surface, in the context of ...

Levitan, Jeremy Asher, 1977-

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Workplace Charging Challenge Summit 2014: Session 2, Track A  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

“Workplace charging at leased facilities”: Employers who lease properties face a unique set of challenges when installing charging stations. Since they do not own the facility, they may feel...

447

Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: SemaConnect, Inc. | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

and reduce their carbon footprint. To provide further incentive, employees also enjoy free charging at work where they have access to 8 Level II charging stations in the parking...

448

Photoelectron Spectroscopy of Free Multiply Charged Keggin Anions...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Free Multiply Charged Keggin Anions ?-PM12O403- (M Mo, W) in the Gas Phase. Photoelectron Spectroscopy of Free Multiply Charged Keggin Anions ?-PM12O403- (M Mo,...

449

Promote Plug-In Electric Vehicles and Workplace Charging Infrastructure  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Drivers of conventional vehicles often learn about plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs) and charging infrastructure from PEV-driving employees and from employers who support workplace charging. Use the...

450

Charge Transport within a Three-Dimensional DNA Nanostructure...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Charge Transport within a Three-Dimensional DNA Nanostructure Framework Authors: Lu, N., Pei, H., Ge, Z., Simmons, C.R., Yan, H., and Fan, C. Title: Charge Transport within a...

451

On the Vertical Decay Rate of the Maximum Tangential Winds in Tropical Cyclones DANIEL P. STERN* AND DAVID S. NOLAN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

On the Vertical Decay Rate of the Maximum Tangential Winds in Tropical Cyclones DANIEL P. STERN independent of both the maximum wind speed and the radius of maximum winds (RMW). This can be seen winds change with height. Above 2-km height, vertical profiles of Vmaxnorm are nearly independent

Nolan, David S.

452

Very-low-frequency and low-frequency electric and magnetic fields associated with electric shuttle bus wireless charging  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......the charging process brings the batteries up to 90 per cent of the full...the test track to reduce the battery's SOC to between 60 and 70...2012) EVS26 International Battery, Hybrid and Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle Symposium......

R.A. Tell; Robert Kavet; J.R. Bailey; John Halliwell

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Disassembly of hot classical charged drops  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The disassembly of hot classical charged drops containing ?230 and 130 particles is studied with the molecular dynamics method. The strength of the Coulomb repulsion is chosen so that these drops have a binding energy formula similar to that of nuclei. The phase diagram of neutral matter, obtained by switching off the Coulomb force, is also similar to that of nuclear matter. In addition to the total-vaporization, fragmentation, and evaporation modes of the disassembly of neutral drops, the charged drops also break by multiple and binary fission. The liquid-gas phase transition plays an important role in the multiple fission of expanding charged liquid drops. There also appears to be a window in the initial conditions in which binary fission followed by a density oscillation is the dominant mode of breakup. The multiple and binary fission breakups are due to the Coulomb forces, and they yield more massive clusters with relatively few small clusters with ?10 particles. The higher energy fragmentation and total vaporization modes are not significantly influenced by the Coulomb forces. They are primarily due to the liquid-gas transition, and their yields decrease almost monotonically with the number of particles in the cluster.

R. J. Lenk and V. R. Pandharipande

1986-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Field theoretic description of charge regulation interaction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In order to find the exact form of the electrostatic interaction between two proteins with dissociable charge groups in aqueous solution, we have studied a model system composed of two macroscopic surfaces with charge dissociation sites immersed in a counterion-only ionic solution. Field-theoretic representation of the grand canonical partition function is derived and evaluated within the mean-field approximation, giving the Poisson-Boltzmann theory with the Ninham-Parsegian boundary condition. Gaussian fluctuations around the mean-field are then analyzed in the lowest order correction that we calculate analytically and exactly, using the path integral representation for the partition function of a harmonic oscillator with time-dependent frequency. The first order (one loop) free energy correction gives the interaction free energy that reduces to the zero-frequency van der Waals form in the appropriate limit but in general gives rise to a mono-polar fluctuation term due to charge fluctuation at the dissociation sites. Our formulation opens up the possibility to investigate the Kirkwood-Shumaker interaction in more general contexts where their original derivation fails.

Natasa Adzic; Rudolf Podgornik

2014-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

455

Design of high-ionic conductivity electrodes for direct methanol fuel cells  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Carbon-supported porous electrodes are used in low-temperature fuel cells to provide maximum catalyst surface area, while taking up little volume and using minimum catalyst material. In Direct Methanol Fuel Cells (DMFCs), ...

Schrauth, Anthony J

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Hybrid Solid Oxide Fuel Cell and Thermoelectric Generator for Maximum Power Output in Micro-CHP Systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

One of the most obvious early market applications for thermoelectric generators (TEG) is decentralized micro combined heat and power (CHP) installations of 0.5 kWe to 5 ... possible to increase the electricity pr...

L. A. Rosendahl; Paw V. Mortensen; Ali A. Enkeshafi

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Electron Multiplying Charge-Coupled Applied Optics PH454  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electron Multiplying Charge-Coupled Devices Applied Optics PH454 Spring 2008 Kaliq Mansor #12;Electron Multiplying Charge-Coupled Devices The Electron Multiplying Charge-Coupled Device (EMCCD. EMCCD Technology: Electron Multiplication of the CCD image is performed directly on the CCD chip itself

La Rosa, Andres H.

458

Critical Nuclear Charges for N-Electron Atoms  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Critical Nuclear Charges for N-Electron Atoms ALEXEI V. SERGEEV, SABRE KAIS Department of Chemistry is proposed to describe the motion of a loosely bound electron in a multielectron atom when the nuclear charge, which is treated as a continuous parameter, approaches its critical value. The critical nuclear charge

Kais, Sabre

459

Analysis and Design of Charge Pumps for Telecommunication Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Analysis and Design of Charge Pumps for Telecommunication Applications V.Kalenteridis, K pump circuit blocks. It presents an overview of charge pump topologies in addition to a coherent favorable charge pump combining current steering techniques with well utilized unity gain buffers in a novel

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

460

Now Available: Evaluating Electric Vehicle Charging Impacts and Customer Charging Behaviors- Experiences from Six SGIG Projects (December 2014)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Under OE's Smart Grid Investment Grant (SGIG) program, six utilities evaluated operations and customer charging behaviors for in-home and public electric vehicle charging stations. The report is now available for downloading.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "maximum cell charge" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Maximum-entropy meshfree method for nonlinear static analysis of planar reinforced concrete structures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the nonlinear system of equations. Maximum-entropy basis functions are used to discretize the two displacement control method is implemented to solve the nonlinear system of equations and to obtain tools in the field of structural engineering, Yaw and co-workers [1] presented a blended FE and meshfree

Sukumar, N.

462

Magnetofossil spike during the Paleocene-Eocene thermal maximum: Ferromagnetic resonance, rock magnetic, and electron microscopy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Magnetofossil spike during the Paleocene-Eocene thermal maximum: Ferromagnetic resonance, rock,2 Timothy D. Raub,3,4 Dirk Schumann,5 Hojatollah Vali,5 Alexei V. Smirnov,3,6 and Joseph L. Kirschvink1 controversial hypothesis that a cometary impact triggered the PETM. Here we present ferromagnetic resonance (FMR

463

Maximum late Holocene extent of the western Greenland Ice Sheet during the late 20th century  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the 20th century. This suggests a lagged ice-margin response to prior cooling, such as the Little Ice AgeMaximum late Holocene extent of the western Greenland Ice Sheet during the late 20th century Samuel Keywords: Greenland Ice Sheet Little Ice Age 10 Be exposure dating Ice-dammed lake Lake sediment core a b

Briner, Jason P.

464

Sufficient Stochastic Maximum Principle in a Regime-Switching Diffusion Model  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We prove a sufficient stochastic maximum principle for the optimal control of a regime-switching diffusion model. We show the connection to dynamic programming and we apply the result to a quadratic loss minimization problem, which can be used to solve a mean-variance portfolio selection problem.

Donnelly, Catherine, E-mail: C.Donnelly@hw.ac.uk [Heriot-Watt University, Department of Actuarial Mathematics and Statistics (United Kingdom)

2011-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

465

SAWSA-LPR: Astochastic search strategy for estimation of maximum likelihood DNA phylogenetic trees  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the spirit of the ''grand challenge'', this paper covers the development of novel concepts for inference of large phylogenies based on the maximum likelihood method, which has proved to be the most accurate model for inference of huge and complex ... Keywords: DNA, Inferencing, LPR, Phylogenetic tree, Simulated annealing

Sanchita Paul, Gadadhar Sahoo

2014-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

On the maximum and minimum mass of protoneutron stars in the Brueckner theory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the structure of protoneutron stars within the finite-temperature Brueckner-Bethe-Goldstone theoretical approach, paying particular attention to the joining with a low-density nuclear equation of state (EOS). We find a slight sensitivity of the minimum value of the protoneutron star mass on the low-density EOS, whereas the maximum mass is hardly affected.

Burgio, G F

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Maximum Feedrate Interpolator for Multi-axis CNC Machining with Jerk Constraints  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Maximum Feedrate Interpolator for Multi-axis CNC Machining with Jerk Constraints X. Beudaert, S name@lurpa.ens-cachan.fr Abstract A key role of the CNC is to perform the feedrate interpolation which for the next point along the path is computed. Examples and comparisons with an industrial CNC demonstrate

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

468

Ocean Circulation During the Last Glacial Maximum Simulated by PMIP3 Climate Models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the intensity of the Atlantic Overturning Circulation (distinguished by the local maximum at approximately 30 N %. In the plot corresponding to the World Ocean Circulation, an increase in the Deep Circulation, associated of the water masses as well as the impact on ocean carbon storage. References: [1] Godfrey J. S., Geophysics

Schmittner, Andreas

469

Environmental and Ecological Statistics 10, 455467, 2003 Moment and maximum likelihood  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Environmental and Ecological Statistics 10, 455±467, 2003 Moment and maximum likelihood estimators are probability proportional to size methods. These methods are also referred to as size-biased because sampling are special cases of size-biased sampling where the probability weighting comes from a lineal or areal

470

Towards a frequency-dependent discrete maximum principle for the implicit Monte Carlo equations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

It has long been known that temperature solutions of the Implicit Monte Carlo (IMC) equations can exceed the external boundary temperatures, a so-called violation of the 'maximum principle.' Previous attempts at prescribing a maximum value of the time-step size {Delta}{sub t} that is sufficient to eliminate these violations have recommended a {Delta}{sub t} that is typically too small to be used in practice and that appeared to be much too conservative when compared to numerical solutions of the IMC equations for practical problems. In this paper, we derive a new estimator for the maximum time-step size that includes the spatial-grid size {Delta}{sub x}. This explicitly demonstrates that the effect of coarsening {Delta}{sub x} is to reduce the limitation on {Delta}{sub t}, which helps explain the overly conservative nature of the earlier, grid-independent results. We demonstrate that our new time-step restriction is a much more accurate means of predicting violations of the maximum principle. We discuss how the implications of the new, grid-dependent timestep restriction can impact IMC solution algorithms.

Wollaber, Allan B [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Larsen, Edward W [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Densmore, Jeffery D [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

471

Maximum Class Separability for Rough-Fuzzy C-Means Based Brain MR Image Segmentation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Maximum Class Separability for Rough-Fuzzy C-Means Based Brain MR Image Segmentation Pradipta Maji of brain MR images. The RFCM algorithm comprises a judicious integration of the of rough sets, fuzzy sets with vagueness and incompleteness in class definition of brain MR images, the membership function of fuzzy sets

Pal, Sankar Kumar

472

Maximum Utility Product Pricing Models and Algorithms Based on Reservation Prices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Maximum Utility Product Pricing Models and Algorithms Based on Reservation Prices R. Shioda L. Tun for pricing a product line with several customer segments under the assumption that customers' product choices utility model and formulate it as a mixed-integer programming problem, design heuristics and valid cuts

Tunçel, Levent

473

Self-Assembly for Maximum Yields Under Constraints Michael J. Fox and Jeff S. Shamma  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Self-Assembly for Maximum Yields Under Constraints Michael J. Fox and Jeff S. Shamma Abstract-- We present an algorithm that, given any target tree, synthesizes reversible self-assembly rules that provide states that cannot be recovered from the unlabeled graph. I. INTRODUCTION Self-assembly is the phenomenon

Shamma, Jeff S.

474

Optimization of stomatal conductance for maximum carbon gain under dynamic soil moisture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optimization of stomatal conductance for maximum carbon gain under dynamic soil moisture Stefano Accepted 26 September 2013 Available online 9 October 2013 Keywords: Optimization Photosynthesis Soil moisture Stomatal conductance Transpiration a b s t r a c t Optimization theories explain a variety

Katul, Gabriel

475

Power and Sample Size Determination for a Stepwise Test Procedure for Finding the Maximum Safe Dose  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Power and Sample Size Determination for a Stepwise Test Procedure for Finding the Maximum Safe Dose This paper addresses the problem of power and sample size calculation for a stepwise multiple test procedure of a compound. A general expression for the power of this procedure is derived. It is used to find the minimum

Tamhane, Ajit C.

476

Generalized Local Maximum Principles for Finite-Difference Operators Author(s): Achi Brandt  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Generalized Local Maximum Principles for Finite-Difference Operators Author(s): Achi Brandt Source://www.jstor.org/action/showPublisher?publisherCode=ams. . Each copy of any part of a JSTOR transmission must contain the same copyright notice that appears on the screen or printed page of such transmission. JSTOR is a not-for-profit service that helps scholars

477

Design of wind farm layout for maximum wind energy capture Andrew Kusiak*, Zhe Song  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Design of wind farm layout for maximum wind energy capture Andrew Kusiak*, Zhe Song Intelligent sources of alternative energy. The construction of wind farms is destined to grow in the U.S., possibly twenty-fold by the year 2030. To maximize the wind energy capture, this paper presents a model for wind

Kusiak, Andrew

478

Energy Production, Frictional Dissipation, and Maximum Intensity of a Numerically Simulated Tropical Cyclone  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

0 Energy Production, Frictional Dissipation, and Maximum Intensity of a Numerically Simulated) viewed as a heat engine converts heat energy extracted from the ocean to kinetic energy of the TC, which is eventually dissipated due to surface friction. Since the energy production rate is a linear function while

Wang, Yuqing

479

Energy Production, Frictional Dissipation, and Maximum Intensity of a Numerically Simulated Tropical Cyclone*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy Production, Frictional Dissipation, and Maximum Intensity of a Numerically Simulated as a heat engine converts heat energy extracted from the ocean into the kinetic energy of the TC, which is eventually dissipated due to surface friction. Since the energy production rate is a linear function while

Wang, Yuqing

480

THE SECOND LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS AND THE GLOBAL CLIMATE SYSTEM: A REVIEW OF THE MAXIMUM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE SECOND LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS AND THE GLOBAL CLIMATE SYSTEM: A REVIEW OF THE MAXIMUM ENTROPY of the global climate system and those of turbulent fluid systems are reviewed from a thermodynamic viewpoint production, energetics Citation: Ozawa, H., A. Ohmura, R. D. Lorenz, and T. Pujol, The second law

Lorenz, Ralph D.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "maximum cell charge" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Integrating ecophysiology and plankton dynamics into projected changes in maximum fisheries catch potential under climate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

). In addition, average surface water pH of the ocean has dropped by 0.1 units since pre- industrial timesIntegrating ecophysiology and plankton dynamics into projected changes in maximum fisheries catch 7TJ, UK 2 Centre for Environment, Fisheries and Aquaculture Science, Pakefield Road, Lowestoft

Pauly, Daniel

482

Accurate Single Molecule FRET Efficiency Determination for Surface Immobilized DNA Using Maximum Likelihood Calculated Lifetimes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Accurate Single Molecule FRET Efficiency Determination for Surface Immobilized DNA Using MaximumVed: October 4, 2006; In Final Form: January 12, 2007 Single molecule fluorescent lifetime trajectories directly measured using time-tagged single-photon counting and scanning confocal microscopy. A modified

483

A PROXIMITY CONTROL ALGORITHM TO MINIMIZE NONSMOOTH AND NONCONVEX SEMI-INFINITE MAXIMUM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the context of eigen- value optimization, and [8] gives an overview of the history. The bases for the presentA PROXIMITY CONTROL ALGORITHM TO MINIMIZE NONSMOOTH AND NONCONVEX SEMI-INFINITE MAXIMUM EIGENVALUE function, semi-infinite problem, H-norm. 1. Introduction. Proximity control for bundle methods has been

Noll, Dominikus

484

A PROXIMITY CONTROL ALGORITHM TO MINIMIZE NONSMOOTH AND NONCONVEX SEMI-INFINITE MAXIMUM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the context of eigen- value optimization, and [9] gives an overview of the history. The bases for the presentA PROXIMITY CONTROL ALGORITHM TO MINIMIZE NONSMOOTH AND NONCONVEX SEMI-INFINITE MAXIMUM EIGENVALUE function, semi-infinite problem, H-norm. 1. Introduction. Proximity control for bundle methods has been

Noll, Dominikus

485

Monte Carlo Tools for charged Higgs boson production  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this short review we discuss two implementations of the charged Higgs boson production process in association with a top quark in Monte Carlo event generators at next-to-leading order in QCD. We introduce the MC@NLO and the POWHEG method of matching next-to-leading order matrix elements with parton showers and compare both methods analyzing the charged Higgs boson production process in association with a top quark. We shortly discuss the case of a light charged Higgs boson where the associated charged Higgs production interferes with the charged Higgs production via t tbar-production and subsequent decay of the top quark.

Kovarik, K

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

Charge regulation and ionic screening of patchy surfaces  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The properties of surfaces with charge-regulated patches are studied using non-linear Poisson-Boltzmann theory. Using a mode expansion to solve the non-linear problem efficiently, we reveal the charging behaviour of Debye-length sized patches. We find that patches charge up to higher charge densities if their size is relatively small and if the patches are well separated. The numerical results are used to construct a basic analytical model which predicts the average surface charge density on surfaces with patchy chargeable groups.

Niels Boon; René van Roij

2010-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

487

Surface charge in dielectric barrier discharge plasma actuators  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Direct measurements of the dielectric surface potential and its dynamics in asymmetric dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) plasma actuators show that the charge builds up at the dielectric surface and extends far downstream of the plasma. The surface charge persists for a long time (tens of minutes) after the driving voltage has been turned off. For a sinusoidal voltage waveform, the dielectric surface charges positively. With the voltage waveform consisting of nanosecond pulses superimposed on a dc bias, the sign of the dielectric surface charge is the same as the sign (polarity) of the bias voltage. The surface charging significantly affects DBD plasma actuator performance.

Opaits, D. F.; Shneider, M. N.; Miles, Richard B. [Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08544 (United States); Likhanskii, A. V. [Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802 (United States); Macheret, S. O. [Lockheed Martin Aeronautics Company, Palmdale, California 93599 (United States)

2008-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

488

Monte Carlo Tools for charged Higgs boson production  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this short review we discuss two implementations of the charged Higgs boson production process in association with a top quark in Monte Carlo event generators at next-to-leading order in QCD. We introduce the MC@NLO and the POWHEG method of matching next-to-leading order matrix elements with parton showers and compare both methods analyzing the charged Higgs boson production process in association with a top quark. We shortly discuss the case of a light charged Higgs boson where the associated charged Higgs production interferes with the charged Higgs production via t tbar-production and subsequent decay of the top quark.

K. Kovarik

2014-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

489

Role of dipole charges in black hole thermodynamics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Modern derivations of the first law of black holes appear to show that the only charges that arise are monopole charges that can be obtained by surface integrals at infinity. However, the recently discovered five dimensional black ring solutions empirically satisfy a first law in which dipole charges appear. We resolve this contradiction and derive a general form of the first law for black rings. Dipole charges do appear together with a corresponding potential. We also include theories with Chern-Simons terms and generalize the first law to other horizon topologies and more generic local charges.

Copsey, Keith; Horowitz, Gary T. [Department of Physics, UCSB, Santa Barbara, California 93106 (United States)

2006-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

490

Micro and Man-Portable Fuel Cells  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

& USFCC Fuel Cells Meeting: & USFCC Fuel Cells Meeting: US DOE & USFCC Fuel Cells Meeting: Matching Federal Government Energy Needs Matching Federal Government Energy Needs with Energy Efficient Fuel Cells with Energy Efficient Fuel Cells Micro & Man Micro & Man - - Portable Fuel Cells Portable Fuel Cells Jerry Hallmark Jerry Hallmark Motorola Labs Motorola Labs - - President USFCC President USFCC Hotel Palomar Hotel Palomar Washington, DC Washington, DC April 26th, 2007 April 26th, 2007 US DOE & USFCC Fuel Cells Meeting 1 4/26/2007 U.S. Fuel Cell Council Micro & Man-Portable * Less Than 100 Watts * Consumer electronics, defense (solder power), speciality applications Portable, Backup, APU * 100 Watts to 10 Kilowatts * Battery replacement or charging, defense (platoon power), telecom backup,

491

Definition: Plug-in Electric Vehicle Charging Station | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Plug-in Electric Vehicle Charging Station Plug-in Electric Vehicle Charging Station Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Plug-in Electric Vehicle Charging Station A device or station that provides power to charge the batteries of an electric vehicle. These chargers are classified according to output voltage and the rate at which they can charge a battery. Level 1 charging is the slowest, and can be done through most wall outlets at 120 volts and 15 amps AC. Level 2 charging is faster, and is done at less than or equal to 240 volts and 60 amps AC, with a power output of less than or equal to 14.4 kW. Level 3 charging is fastest, and can be done with power output of greater than 14.4 kW. Level 1 and 2 charging can be done at home with the proper equipment, and Level 2 and 3 charging can be done at fixed public charging

492

1/12/14 Researchers Develop Micro-Windmills to Recharge Cell Phones www.sciencespacerobots.com/researchers-develop-micro-windmills-to-recharge-cell-phones-11020142 1/2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1/12/14 Researchers Develop Micro-Windmills to Recharge Cell Phones www.sciencespacerobots.com/researchers-develop-micro-windmills-to-recharge-cell-phones-Windmills to Recharge Cell Phones A University of Texas at Arlington research associate and electrical engineering be used to charge cell phone batteries by embedding hundreds of them in a cell phone sleeve

Chiao, Jung-Chih

493

Definition: Electric Vehicle Charging Station | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Vehicle Charging Station Vehicle Charging Station Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Electric Vehicle Charging Station An electric vehicle charging station that uses communications technology to enable it to intelligently integrate two-way power flow enabling electric vehicle batteries to become a useful utility asset.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition An electric vehicle charging station, also called EV charging station, electric recharging point, charging point and EVSE (Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment), is an element in an infrastructure that supplies electric energy for the recharging of plug-in electric vehicles, including all-electric cars, neighborhood electric vehicles and plug-in hybrids. As plug-in hybrid electric vehicles and battery electric vehicle ownership is

494

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Retail Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Retail Electric Retail Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Regulations to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Retail Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Regulations on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Retail Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Regulations on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Retail Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Regulations on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Retail Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Regulations on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Retail Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Regulations on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Retail Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Regulations on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type

495

Orlando Plugs into Electric Vehicle Charging Stations | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Orlando Plugs into Electric Vehicle Charging Stations Orlando Plugs into Electric Vehicle Charging Stations Orlando Plugs into Electric Vehicle Charging Stations September 8, 2010 - 2:00pm Addthis Nearly 300 electric vehicle charging stations are scheduled to be available throughout the Orlando area next year. File photo Nearly 300 electric vehicle charging stations are scheduled to be available throughout the Orlando area next year. File photo Lindsay Gsell What are the key facts? Coulomb highlighted in the Vice President's report on 100 Recovery Act Projects That Are Changing America Orlando will receive nearly 300 electric vehicle charging systems. 1 of 9 cities receiving charging systems from Coulomb-$15 million in Recovery Act funding. This scene is closer to reality as Orlando, Fla., prepares to get nearly

496

Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Biogen  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Biogen Idec Inc to someone by E-mail Biogen Idec Inc to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Biogen Idec Inc on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Biogen Idec Inc on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Biogen Idec Inc on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Biogen Idec Inc on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Biogen Idec Inc on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Biogen Idec Inc on AddThis.com... Goals Research & Development Testing and Analysis Workplace Charging Partners Ambassadors Resources

497

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electric Vehicle Charging Incentive - Xcel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Electric Vehicle Electric Vehicle Charging Incentive - Xcel Energy to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electric Vehicle Charging Incentive - Xcel Energy on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electric Vehicle Charging Incentive - Xcel Energy on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electric Vehicle Charging Incentive - Xcel Energy on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electric Vehicle Charging Incentive - Xcel Energy on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electric Vehicle Charging Incentive - Xcel Energy on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Electric Vehicle Charging Incentive - Xcel Energy on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type

498

Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: City of  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Auburn Hills to someone by E-mail Auburn Hills to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: City of Auburn Hills on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: City of Auburn Hills on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: City of Auburn Hills on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: City of Auburn Hills on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: City of Auburn Hills on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: City of Auburn Hills on AddThis.com... Goals Research & Development Testing and Analysis Workplace Charging

499

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Utah Paperbox Adds Workplace Charging to  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Utah Paperbox Adds Utah Paperbox Adds Workplace Charging to Boost Sustainability to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Utah Paperbox Adds Workplace Charging to Boost Sustainability on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Utah Paperbox Adds Workplace Charging to Boost Sustainability on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Utah Paperbox Adds Workplace Charging to Boost Sustainability on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Utah Paperbox Adds Workplace Charging to Boost Sustainability on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Utah Paperbox Adds Workplace Charging to Boost Sustainability on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Utah Paperbox Adds Workplace Charging to Boost Sustainability on AddThis.com...

500

AVTA: ChargePoint America Recovery Act project map of charging units  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. These results provide benchmark data that researchers can use to develop technology models and guide future research and development. The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act supported a number of projects that together made up the largest ever deployment of plug-in electric vehicles and charging infrastructure in the U.S. The following reports describe results of data collected through the Chargepoint America project, which deployed 4,600 public and home charging stations throughout the U.S.