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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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1

E-Print Network 3.0 - accidentally exposed individuals Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

tagout) procedure by (Names or Job Titles of certified individuals authorized to lockout or tagout). Each... new or transferred individual and other personnel whose work...

2

Accepted for publication in IEEE Transactions in Power Systems in February 2002. Will appear in a future issue. An Individual Welfare Maximization Algorithm  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Accepted for publication in IEEE Transactions in Power Systems in February 2002. Will appear in a future issue. An Individual Welfare Maximization Algorithm For Electricity Markets James D. Weber, Member, IEEE, and Thomas J. Overbye, Senior Member, IEEE Abstract--An algorithm that allows a market

3

Translocation analysis by the FISH-painting method for retrospective dose reconstruction in individuals exposed to ionizing radiation 10 years after exposure  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) is a powerful method largely used for detecting chromosomal rearrangements, translocations in particular, which are important biomarkers for dose assessment in case of human exposure to ionizing radiation. To test the possibility of using the translocation analysis by FISH-painting method in retrospective dose assessment, we carried out in vitro experiments in irradiated human lymphocytes, in parallel with the analysis of translocations in lymphocytes from 10 individuals, who were exposed to 137cesium in the Goiânia (Brazil) accident (samples collected 10 years after exposure). The in vitro dose–response curve for the genomic translocation frequencies (FGs) fits a linear quadratic model, according to the equation: Y=0.0243X2+0.0556X. The FG values were also calculated for the individuals exposed to 137cesium, ranging from 0.58 to 5.91 per 100 cells, and the doses were estimated and compared with the results obtained by dicentric analysis soon after the accident, taking the opportunity to test the validity of translocation analysis in retrospective biodosimetry. A tentative of retrospective dosimetry was performed, indicating that the method is feasible only for low level exposure (below 0.5 Gy), while for higher doses there is a need to apply appropriate correction factors, which take into consideration mainly the persistence of chromosomal translocations along with time, and the influence of endogenous and exogenous factors determining the inter-individual variability in the cellular responses to radiation.

Marjori L. Camparoto; Adriana T. Ramalho; Adayapalam T. Natarajan; Maria P. Curado; Elza T. Sakamoto-Hojo

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Maxim I  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Maxim I. Boyanov Maxim I. Boyanov Address: Biosciences Division Argonne National Laboratory 9700 S. Cass Ave Argonne, IL, U.S.A. Phone: +1 (630) 252-8242 Fax: +1 (630) 252-9793 Email: mboyanov@anl.gov WWW: http://www.nd.edu/~mboyanov/ EDUCATION Ph.D.: Physics, University of Notre Dame, IN, U.S.A. 1996-2003 Dissertation: "XAFS spectroscopy studies of metal-ligand interactions at organic surfaces and in solution" Advisor: Prof. Bruce Bunker B.Sc., M.Sc.: Physics, University of Sofia, Bulgaria. 1991-1995 Illinois Institute of Technology, Chicago, IL, U.S.A. 1990-1991 M.Sc. Thesis: "Two new analytical solutions to the inverse ellipsometric problem" Advisor: Prof. Stoyan Russev Graduated: Magna Cum Laude PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE

5

Maximizing Multi-Information  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Stochastic interdependence of a probablility distribution on a product space is measured by its Kullback-Leibler distance from the exponential family of product distributions (called multi-information). Here we investigate low-dimensional exponential families that contain the maximizers of stochastic interdependence in their closure. Based on a detailed description of the structure of probablility distributions with globally maximal multi-information we obtain our main result: The exponential family of pure pair-interactions contains all global maximizers of the multi-information in its closure.

Nihat Ay; Andreas Knauf

2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Vehicle Technologies Office: Maximizing Alternative Fuel Vehicle...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Maximizing Alternative Fuel Vehicle Efficiency Vehicle Technologies Office: Maximizing Alternative Fuel Vehicle Efficiency Besides their energy security and environmental benefits,...

7

Maximizing Brightness in Photoinjectors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

If the laser pulse driving photoinjectors could be arbitrarily shaped, the emittance growth induced by space charge effects could be totally compensated for. In particular, for RF guns the photo-electron distribution leaving the cathode should have a 3D-ellipsoidal shape. The emittance at the end of the injector could be as small as the cathode emittance. We explore how the emittance and the brightness can be optimized for photoinjector based on RF gun depending on the peak current requirements. Techniques available to produce those ideal laser pulse shapes are also discussed. If the laser pulse driving photoinjectors could be arbitrarily shaped, the emittance growth induced by space charge effects could be totally compensated for. In particular, for RF guns, the photo-electron distribution leaving the cathode should be close to a uniform distribution contained in a 3D-ellipsoid contour. For photo-cathodes which have very fast emission times, and assuming a perfectly uniform emitting surface, this could be achieved by shaping the laser in a pulse of constant fluence and limited in space by a 3D-ellipsoid contour. Simulations show that in such conditions, with the standard linear emittance compensation, the emittance at the end of the photo-injector beamline approaches the minimum value imposed by the cathode emittance. Brightness, which is expressed as the ratio of peak current over the product of the two transverse emittance, seems to be maximized for small charges. Numerical simulations also show that for very high charge per bunch (10nC), emittances as small as 2 mm-mrad could be reached by using 3D-ellipsoidal laser pulses in an S-Band gun. The production of 3D-ellipsoidal pulses is very challenging, but seems worthwhile the effort. We briefly discuss some of the present ideas and difficulties of achieving such pulses.

Limborg-Deprey, C.; /SLAC; Tomizawa, H.; /JAERI-RIKEN, Hyogo

2011-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

8

MAXIMALLY EQUIDISTRIBUTED COMBINED TAUSWORTHE GENERATORS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MAXIMALLY EQUIDISTRIBUTED COMBINED TAUSWORTHE GENERATORS PIERRE L'ECUYER Abstract. Tausworthe random number generators based on a primitive tri­ nomial allow an easy and fast implementation when their parameters obey certain restrictions. However, such generators, with those restrictions, have bad statistical

L'Ecuyer, Pierre

9

Is the beta phase maximal?  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

indicates that 2|Vub / Vcb/ Vus| = (1-z) with z given by z = 0.19 +(-) 0.14. This fact implies that irrespective of the form of the quark Yukawa matrices, the measured value of the SM CP phase beta is approximately the maximum allowed by the measured absolute values of the CKM elements. This is beta = pi/6 - z/sqrt{3} for gamma = pi/3 + z/sqrt{3}, which implies alpha = pi/2. Alternatively, assuming that beta is exactly maximal and using the experimental measurement, sin(2beta) = 0.726+(-) 0.037, the phase gamma is predicted to be gamma = pi/2 - beta = 66.3 +(-) 1.7. The maximality of beta, if confirmed by the near-future experiments, may give us some clues as to the origin of CP violation.

Ferrandis, Javier; Ferrandis, Javier

2005-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

10

Sandia National Laboratories: maximize energy production  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

maximize energy production Solar Glare Hazard Analysis Tool Available for Download On March 13, 2014, in Energy, News, News & Events, Photovoltaic, Renewable Energy, Solar, Solar...

11

Maximizing Light Utilization Efficiency and Hydrogen Production...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

in Microalgal Cultures, DOE Hydrogen Program FY 2010 Annual Progress Report Maximizing Light Utilization Efficiency and Hydrogen Production in Microalgal Cultures, DOE Hydrogen...

12

A Maximally Supersymmetric Kondo Model  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We study the maximally supersymmetric Kondo model obtained by adding a fermionic impurity to N = 4 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory. While the original Kondo problem describes a defect interacting with a free Fermi liquid of itinerant electrons, here the ambient theory is an interacting CFT, and this introduces qualitatively new features into the system. The model arises in string theory by considering the intersection of a stack of M D5-branes with a stack of N D3-branes, at a point in the D3 worldvolume. We analyze the theory holographically, and propose a dictionary between the Kondo problem and antisymmetric Wilson loops in N = 4 SYM. We perform an explicit calculation of the D5 fluctuations in the D3 geometry and determine the spectrum of defect operators. This establishes the stability of the Kondo fixed point together with its basic thermodynamic properties. Known supergravity solutions for Wilson loops allow us to go beyond the probe approximation: the D5s disappear and are replaced by three-form flux piercing a new topologically non-trivial S3 in the corrected geometry. This describes the Kondo model in terms of a geometric transition. A dual matrix model reflects the basic properties of the corrected gravity solution in its eigenvalue distribution.

Harrison, Sarah; Kachru, Shamit; Torroba, Gonzalo; /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /SLAC

2012-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

13

Approximation Algorithms for Maximization Problems arising in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Approximation Algorithms for Maximization Problems arising in Graph Partitioning Thesis for the M of size k that maximizes : Max­k­Vertex Cover : the weight of edges incident with vertices in U . Max a number of approximation algorithms based on linear and semidefinite programming, and obtain approximation

Langberg, Michael

14

MAXIMAL CONDITIONAL EFFICIENCY SUCCESSIVE INTERFERENCE CANCELLATION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MAXIMAL CONDITIONAL EFFICIENCY SUCCESSIVE INTERFERENCE CANCELLATION Ananya Sen Gupta, Andrew C that maximizes the asymp- totic conditional efficiency at each stage of successive de- tection is also derived Urbana, IL 61801, USA ABSTRACT Conditional asymptotic multi-user efficiency is introduced

Singer, Andrew C

15

p53-Mediated Regulation of Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen Expression in Cells Exposed to Ionizing Radiation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...exposed to increasing doses of IR at 24 h posttransfection...cellular response to ionizing radiation in which p53-mediated...IR at 12 Gy, a dose that induced maximal...the 1- to 4-Gy range does not effectively...because a high radiation dose is used and the...

Jin Xu; Gilbert F. Morris

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Maximal rank of extremal marginal tracial states  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

States on coupled quantum system whose restrictions to each subsystems are normalized traces are called marginal tracial states. We investigate extremal marginal tracial states and maximal rank of such states. Diagonal marginal tracial states are also considered.

Hiromichi Ohno

2009-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

17

Managing Milk Composition: Maximizing Rumen Function  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Feeding strategies that optimize rumen function also maximize milk production and milk component percentages and yield. This publication offers guidelines for feeding forage, grain protein and ration fiber to enhance rumen function....

Stokes, Sandra R.; Jordan, Ellen R.; Looper, Mike; Waldner, Dan

2000-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

18

Bridging Utility Maximization and Regret Minimization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We relate the strategies obtained by (1) utility maximizers who use regret to refine their set of undominated strategies, and (2) regret minimizers who use weak domination to refine their sets of regret-minimizing strategies.

Chiesa, Alessandro

2013-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

19

Brain MRI Classification using the Expectation Maximization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Brain MRI Classification using the Expectation Maximization made a brain magnetic resonance image (MRI) classification algorithm that uses a twostage applied to a set of normal brain MR images for further testing. We accomplished a working

Chen, Tsuhan

20

Maximizing expected utility over a knapsack constraint  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The expected utility knapsack problem is to pick a set of items whose values are ... variables so as to maximize the expected utility of the total value of the items ...

2014-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "maximally exposed individual" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Vehicle Technologies Office: Maximizing Alternative Fuel Vehicle Efficiency  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Maximizing Alternative Maximizing Alternative Fuel Vehicle Efficiency to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Maximizing Alternative Fuel Vehicle Efficiency on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Maximizing Alternative Fuel Vehicle Efficiency on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Maximizing Alternative Fuel Vehicle Efficiency on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Maximizing Alternative Fuel Vehicle Efficiency on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Maximizing Alternative Fuel Vehicle Efficiency on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Maximizing Alternative Fuel Vehicle Efficiency on AddThis.com... Just the Basics Hybrid & Vehicle Systems Energy Storage Advanced Power Electronics & Electrical Machines

22

PHILLIPS, NEAL W. A comment on energy maximization by deposit ...  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

maximize net energy gain, the animal should be able to ... used in testing the energy-maximization hypothesis.” .... in press), and sediment nitrogen content.

2000-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

23

Maximizing the Productive Uses of Electricity to Increase the...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Maximizing the Productive Uses of Electricity to Increase the Impact of Rural Electrification Programs Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Maximizing the...

24

Maximizing Health Care Enrollment through Seamless Coverage for Families in Transition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Maximizing Health Care Enrollment through Seamless Coverage for Families in Transition: Current is the first in a series discussing seamless health care insurance coverage for families lacking coverage due policymakers on how best to ensure seamless health coverage under the Affordable Care Act for individuals

Kammen, Daniel M.

25

Massive Nonplanar Two-Loop Maximal Unitarity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We explore maximal unitarity for nonplanar two-loop integrals with up to four massive external legs. In this framework, the amplitude is reduced to a basis of master integrals whose coefficients are extracted from maximal cuts. The hepta-cut of the nonplanar double box defines a nodal algebraic curve associated with a multiply pinched genus-3 Riemann surface. All possible configurations of external masses are covered by two distinct topological pictures in which the curve decomposes into either six or eight Riemann spheres. The procedure relies on consistency equations based on vanishing of integrals of total derivatives and Levi-Civita contractions. Our analysis indicates that these constraints are governed by the global structure of the maximal cut. Lastly, we present an algorithm for computing generalized cuts of massive integrals with higher powers of propagators based on the Bezoutian matrix method.

Mads Sogaard; Yang Zhang

2014-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

26

A theory of metrics with maximal acceleration  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a geometric theory for spacetimes whose world lines associated with physical particles have an upper bound for the proper acceleration. After some fundamental remarks on the requirements that classical dynamics for point particles must hold good, the notion of generalized metric and a theory of maximal acceleration are introduced. A perturbative approach to metrics of maximal acceleration is discussed. Then several of their physical and kinematical properties are investigated. These include a discussion of the fundamental causal theory concepts and the introduction of the associated notions of Euclidean length and celerity function. Finally, we discuss the corresponding modification of the Einstein's mass-energy relation.

Ricardo Gallego Torromé

2014-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

27

An Online Algorithm for Maximizing Submodular Functions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SUBMODULAR COVER problem (which is a generalization of the MIN SUM SET COVER problem and the related PIPELINED SET COVER problem) and what we call BUDGETED MAXIMUM SUBMODULAR COVERAGE (which generalizesAn Online Algorithm for Maximizing Submodular Functions Matthew Streeter Daniel Golovin December 20

28

An Online Algorithm for Maximizing Submodular Functions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SUM SUBMODULAR COVER problem (which is a generalization of the MIN SUM SET COVER problem and the related PIPELINED SET COVER problem) and what we call BUDGETED MAXIMUM SUBMODULAR COVERAGE (whichAn Online Algorithm for Maximizing Submodular Functions Matthew Streeter Daniel Golovin December 20

29

SUPPLY-SIDE OPTIMIZATION : MAXIMIZING ABSORPTIVE RATES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-benefit optimization of the ingestion process alone . We have continued to develop and modify chemical reactor theoryI l SUPPLY-SIDE OPTIMIZATION : MAXIMIZING ABSORPTIVE RATES W. Brian Dade, Peter A. Jumars engineering aimed at the analysis and design of chemical reactors to analyze the process of digestion

Jumars, Pete

30

BETTI NUMBERS OF HYPERSURFACE COMPLEMENTS LAURENTIU MAXIM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

L2 ­BETTI NUMBERS OF HYPERSURFACE COMPLEMENTS LAURENTIU MAXIM Abstract. In [DJL07] it was shown that if A is an affine hyperplane arrange- ment in Cn, then at most one of the L2­Betti numbers b (2) i (Cn \\ A, id of [FLM09, LM06] about L2­Betti numbers of plane curve complements. 1. Introduction Let M be any

Maxim, Laurentiu-George

31

Efficiency of Exterior Exposed Ductwork  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

6 6 Efficiency of Exterior Exposed Ductwork Most of California's commercial buildings have thermal distribution systems, the majority (63%) of which are air-based and distribute air through ductworks. Thermal distribution ductwork systems in small commercial buildings are similar to those in residential construction [Winter 1995, p.8] and have the same leakage and conduction-loss problems. The extent of these duct-related thermal losses depends on the location of the ductwork-the largest thermal losses occur when the ducts are entirely outside the building envelope. Leakage, conduction losses, direct solar radiation effects and solar reflection all affect the magnitude of thermal loss. Differences in the lengths of exterior ducts also affect a distribution system's energy

32

Individual quantum probes for optimal thermometry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The unknown temperature of a sample may be estimated with minimal disturbance by putting it in thermal contact with an individual quantum probe. If the interaction time is sufficiently long so that the probe thermalizes, the temperature can be read out directly from its steady state. Here we prove that the optimal quantum probe, acting as a thermometer with maximal thermal sensitivity, is an effective two-level atom with a maximally degenerate excited state. When the total interaction time is insufficient to produce full thermalization, we optimize the estimation protocol by breaking it down into sequential stages of probe preparation, thermal contact and measurement. We observe that frequently interrogated probes initialized in the ground state achieve the best performance. For both fully and partly thermalized thermometers, the sensitivity grows significantly with the number of levels, though optimization over their energy spectrum remains always crucial.

Luis A. Correa; Mohammad Mehboudi; Gerardo Adesso; Anna Sanpera

2014-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

33

Note On The Maximal Primes Gaps  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This note presents a result on the maximal prime gap of the form p_(n+1) - p_n 0 is a constant, for any arbitrarily small real number e > 0, and all sufficiently large integer n > n_0. Equivalently, the result shows that any short interval [x, x + y], y => C(log x)^(1+e), contains prime numbers for all sufficiently large real numbers x => x_0 unconditionally. An application demonstrates that a prime p => x > 2 can be determined in deterministic polynomial time O(log(x)^8).

N. A. Carella

2015-02-05T23:59:59.000Z

34

Electromagnetically induced grating with maximal atomic coherence  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We describe theoretically an atomic diffraction grating that combines an electromagnetically induced grating with a coherence grating in a double-{Lambda} atomic system. With the atom in a condition of maximal coherence between its lower levels, the combined gratings simultaneously diffract both the incident probe beam as well as the signal beam generated through four-wave mixing. A special feature of the atomic grating is that it will diffract any beam resonantly tuned to any excited state of the atom accessible by a dipole transition from its ground state.

Carvalho, Silvania A.; Araujo, Luis E. E. de [Instituto de Fisica ''Gleb Wataghin'', Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Campinas-SP, 13083-859 Sao Paulo (Brazil)

2011-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

35

Welfare and Profit Maximization with Production Costs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Combinatorial Auctions are a central problem in Algorithmic Mechanism Design: pricing and allocating goods to buyers with complex preferences in order to maximize some desired objective (e.g., social welfare, revenue, or profit). The problem has been well-studied in the case of limited supply (one copy of each item), and in the case of digital goods (the seller can produce additional copies at no cost). Yet in the case of resources---oil, labor, computing cycles, etc.---neither of these abstractions is just right: additional supplies of these resources can be found, but at increasing difficulty (marginal cost) as resources are depleted. In this work, we initiate the study of the algorithmic mechanism design problem of combinatorial pricing under increasing marginal cost. The goal is to sell these goods to buyers with unknown and arbitrary combinatorial valuation functions to maximize either the social welfare, or the seller's profit; specifically we focus on the setting of \\emph{posted item prices} with buyer...

Blum, Avrim; Mansour, Yishay; Sharma, Ankit

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Generation and Transmission Maximization Model | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Generation and Transmission Maximization Model Generation and Transmission Maximization Model Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Generation and Transmission Maximization Model Agency/Company /Organization: Argonne National Laboratory Sector: Energy Topics: Pathways analysis Resource Type: Software/modeling tools User Interface: Desktop Application Website: www.dis.anl.gov/projects/Gtmax.html Cost: Paid Generation and Transmission Maximization Model Screenshot References: Generation and Transmission Maximization Model [1] Logo: Generation and Transmission Maximization Model The GTMax model helps researchers study complex marketing and system operational issues. With the aid of this comprehensive model, utility operators and managers can maximize the value of the electric system, taking into account not only its limited energy and transmission resources,

37

Annotating individual human genomes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Advances in DNA sequencing technologies have made it possible to rapidly, accurately and affordably sequence entire individual human genomes. As impressive as this ability seems, however, it will not likely amount to much if one cannot extract meaningful information from individual sequence data. Annotating variations within individual genomes and providing information about their biological or phenotypic impact will thus be crucially important in moving individual sequencing projects forward, especially in the context of the clinical use of sequence information. In this paper we consider the various ways in which one might annotate individual sequence variations and point out limitations in the available methods for doing so. It is arguable that, in the foreseeable future, DNA sequencing of individual genomes will become routine for clinical, research, forensic, and personal purposes. We therefore also consider directions and areas for further research in annotating genomic variants.

Ali Torkamani; Ashley A. Scott-Van Zeeland; Eric J. Topol; Nicholas J. Schork

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Woodland Freedoms and Individualism  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

be mediated through individual behavioural responses in order to produce a Cultural Service Term Explanation) Topography Erosion (Anglian Ice age) Quarrying activities Commercial forestry Territory demarcation Soil type

39

Sources Of Average Individual Radiation Exposure  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Of Average Individual Radiation Exposure Of Average Individual Radiation Exposure Natural background Medical Consumer products Industrial, security, educational and research Occupational 0.311 rem 0.300 rem 0.013 rem 0.0003 rem 0.0005 rem Savannah River Nuclear Solutions, LLC, provides radiological protection services and oversight at the Savannah River Site (SRS). These services include radiation dose measurements for persons who enter areas where they may be exposed to radiation or radioactive material. The results are periodically reported to monitored individuals. The results listed are based on a radiation dose system developed by the International Commission on Radiation Protection. The system uses the terms "effective dose," "equivalent dose" and units of rem. You may be more familiar with the term "millirem" (mrem), which is 1/1000 of a rem.

40

The new EC technical recommendations for monitoring individuals occupationally exposed to external radiation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......intercomparisons Internal audit Every year External audit Audit by approval authority condition for approval Audit according to accreditation requirements Inspection...States, although with differences. Low-energy electron/beta radiation and neutron dosimetry......

J. G. Alves; P. Ambrosi; D. T. Bartlett; L. Currivan; J. W. E. van Dijk; E. Fantuzzi; V. Kamenopoulou

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "maximally exposed individual" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

THE KAC JORDAN SUPERALGEBRA: AUTOMORPHISMS AND MAXIMAL SUBALGEBRAS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE KAC JORDAN SUPERALGEBRA: AUTOMORPHISMS AND MAXIMAL SUBALGEBRAS ALBERTO ELDUQUE, JES´US LALIENA, AND SARA SACRIST´AN Abstract. In this note the group of automorphisms of the Kac Jordan superalgebra is described, and used to classify the maximal subalgebras. 1. Introduction. Finite dimensional simple Jordan

42

MAXIMAL JORDAN ALGEBRAS OF MATRICES WITH BOUNDED NUMBER OF EIGENVALUES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 MAXIMAL JORDAN ALGEBRAS OF MATRICES WITH BOUNDED NUMBER OF EIGENVALUES L. Grunenfelder, T. Kosir, M. Omladic, and H. Radjavi Abstract. We consider maximal Jordan algebras of matrices with bounded, and we also give a list of some reducible such algebras. We also study automorphisms of Jordan algebras

KoÂ?ir, TomaÂ?

43

Opportunistic Scheduling for utility maximization under QoS constraints  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Opportunistic Scheduling for utility maximization under QoS constraints Neung-Hyung Lee, Jin. Our opportunistic scheduling aims at maximizing the utility which is usually expressed as a function of user throughput. In this paper we derive an off-line optimal scheduling policy by optimization theory

Bahk, Saewoong

44

Utility maximization in models with conditionally independent increments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Utility maximization in models with conditionally independent increments Jan Kallsen Johannes Muhle-Karbe Abstract We consider the problem of maximizing expected utility from terminal wealth in models for power utility under the assumption that the increments of the asset price are independent conditionally

Kallsen, Jan

45

A Utility Maximization Approach to Hedging in Incomplete Markets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Utility Maximization Approach to Hedging in Incomplete Markets Jan Kallsen Universität Freiburg i­ pected local utility. This concept is related to maximization of expected utility of con­ sumption but markets, local utility 1 Introduction Suppose you have sold contingent claims and you want to hedge

Kallsen, Jan

46

Power Utility Maximization in Constrained Exponential Lvy Models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Power Utility Maximization in Constrained Exponential Lévy Models Marcel Nutz ETH Zurich. Abstract We study power utility maximization for exponential Lévy models with portfolio constraints, where utility is obtained from consumption and/or terminal wealth. For convex constraints, an explicit solution

Nutz, Marcel

47

Utility maximization in incomplete markets Campus de Beaulieu  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Utility maximization in incomplete markets Ying Hu IRMAR Campus de Beaulieu Universit´e de Rennes 1@mathematik.hu-berlin.de October 15, 2004 Abstract We consider the problem of utility maximization for small traders on incom of the supermartingales. We separately treat the cases of exponential, power and logarithmic utility. 2000 AMS subject

Imkeller, Peter

48

A Utility Maximization Approach to Hedging in Incomplete Markets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Utility Maximization Approach to Hedging in Incomplete Markets Jan Kallsen Universität Freiburg i local utility. This concept is related to maximization of expected utility of con- sumption but markets, local utility 1 Introduction Suppose you have sold contingent claims and you want to hedge

Kallsen, Jan

49

GENERATION AND RANDOM GENERATION: FROM SIMPLE GROUPS TO MAXIMAL SUBGROUPS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

GENERATION AND RANDOM GENERATION: FROM SIMPLE GROUPS TO MAXIMAL SUBGROUPS TIMOTHY C. BURNESS of generators for G. It is well known that d(G) = 2 for all (non-abelian) finite simple groups. We prove that d investigate the random generation of maximal subgroups of simple and almost simple groups. By applying

Burness, Tim

50

Medical status of Marshallese accidentally exposed to 1954 Bravo fallout radiation: January 1988 through December 1991  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this report is to disseminate information concerning the medical status of 253 Marshallese exposed to fallout radiation in 1954. This report discusses the medical care provided and the medical findings for the years 1988-1991. Details of the BRAVO thermonuclear accident that caused the exposure have been published, and a 1955 article in the Journal of the American Medical Association describing the acute medical effects in the exposed population remains a definitive and relevant description of events. Participation in the Marshall Islands Medical Program by the exposed Marshallese is voluntary. In the spring and fall of each year, medical surveillance is provided to exposed and unexposed cohorts. Examinations performed include: a cancer-related examination as defined by the American Society, an annual thyroid examination and thyroid function testing, serum prolactin testing looking for pituitary tumors, annual blood counts to include platelets, and evaluation for paraneoplastic evidence of neoplasms. This report details the medical program, medical findings, and thyroid surgery findings. Deaths (4 exposed and 10 nonexposed) that occurred during the reporting period are discussed. There is a mild but relatively consistent depression of neutrophil, lymphocyte, and platelet concentrations in the blood of the exposed population. This depression appears to be of no clinical significance. Thyroid hypofunction, either clinical or biochemical, has been documented as a consequence of radiation exposure in 14 exposed individuals. Previously, one other exposed person was diagnosed with basal cell carcinoma. During this reporting period, a thyroid nodule was identified in an individual who was in utero during the exposure. Upon pathologic review, the nodule was diagnosed as occult papillary carcinoma.

Howard, J.E.; Heotis, P.M.; Scott, W.A.; Adams, W.H.

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Authority and the Individual  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... are empiricists in the best sense of the term. For them questions of authority and liberty, of what things should be decided by government and enforced by it, and what ... Mill's day the chief threat to welfare came from too much exercise of individual liberty and too little or ineffective government control. Now it is much more nearly the ...

A. D. RITCHIE

1949-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

52

A representative individual from Arrovian aggregation of parametric individual utilities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A representative individual from Arrovian aggregation of parametric individual utilities social choice theory Assumptions Assumption on decisive coalitions Assumptions on individual utility functions Assumptions on the social welfare function Results The socially acceptable utility function

53

Optimal Thresholding of Classifiers to Maximize F1 Measure  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper provides new insight into maximizing F1 measures in the context of binary classification ... harmonic mean of precision and recall, the F1 measure is widely used to evaluate the ... average, macro aver...

Zachary C. Lipton; Charles Elkan…

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Individual Development Plan (IDP)  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Individual Development Plan (IDP) Individual Development Plan (IDP) SAMPLE 10/01/2012 to 09/30/2013 Training Reason Developmental Activity Description Training Cost Travel Cost Total Cost Hours Start Date/ Completion Date Short Range Goal 1: Enhance Leadership Skills Development Mentoring Receive mentoring from a higher grade employee (s) and provide mentoring to lower grade employee(s). 0 0 0 TBD 1/1/2013 Development Instructor led EM Leadership Excellence Program - Interpersonal Communication Skills 0 0 0 8 6/15/2013 Development Instructor led Federal Executive Institute (OPM): Leadership for a Democratic Society $18,300 0 0 30 day residential TBD Development Shadowing Shadow one or more SES employees for one or two day period to learn leadership techniques. 0 0 0 TBD TBD

55

Regular maximal slicings in asymptotically flat space?times  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An estimate is provided for the lapse function defining asymptotically Euclidean maximal slicings in asymptotically flat space?times. This estimate is found to be in agreement with a similar estimate suggested on heuristic grounds by Smarr and York. It is also shown that in vacuum space?times the scalar curvature of maximal slices remains uniformly bounded in time provided that suitable conditions on the rate of growth of the (negative) lower bound of the Ricci curvature of the slices are satisfied.

Mauro Carfora

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Robust and Efficient Generator of Almost Maximal Multipartite Entanglement  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Quantum chaotic maps can efficiently generate pseudorandom states carrying almost maximal multipartite entanglement, as characterized by the probability distribution of bipartite entanglement between all possible bipartitions of the system. We show that such multipartite entanglement is robust, in the sense that, when realistic noise is considered, distillable entanglement of bipartitions remains almost maximal up to a noise strength that drops only polynomially with the number of qubits.

Davide Rossini and Giuliano Benenti

2008-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

57

Medical status of Marshallese accidentally exposed to 1954 Bravo fallout radiation: January 1980-December 1982  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report updates, for 1980 through 1982, the results of continuing medical surveillance of a Marshallese population accidentally exposed to radioactive fallout in March 1954. The originally exposed Marshallese population comprised 64 persons on Rongelap Atoll who each received, on the average, an estimated 190 rads of absorbed external gamma radiation, 18 on Ailingnae Atoll who received 110 rads, and 159 on Utirik who received 11 rads. There were, in addition, 3 persons in utero on Rongelap, 1 person in utero on Ailingnae, and 8 persons in utero on Utirik who are considered exposed. The recipients of primary medical care include exposed and comparison populations as well as a rather large number of additional beneficiaries who are seen on a humanitarian basis of practical need and resource availability. In recent years, about 1400 people have been seen annually. This report, however, deals with four clearly defined groups: the remaining individuals who were exposed to radioactive fallout on Rongelap, Ailingnae, and Utirik in 1954 (including those in utero), and a comparison population of individuals from Rongelap who were unexposed. The number of persons now in each exposure category are 51, 12, 116, and 137, respectively. 100 references, 4 figures, 5 tables. (ACR)

Adams, W.H.; Harper, J.A.; Rittmaster, R.S.; Heotis, P.M.; Scott, W.A.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

EXPOSING PRIVACY CONCERNS IN MHEALTH DATA SHARING  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EXPOSING PRIVACY CONCERNS IN MHEALTH DATA SHARING Dartmouth Computer Science Technical Report TR of Graduate Studies #12;Abstract Mobile health (mHealth) has become important in the field of healthcare to understand the privacy concerns that patients have when they use mHealth devices. We conducted a user study

59

BRRR...5 Ways to Maximize Your Fireplace and Chimney Efficiency |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

BRRR...5 Ways to Maximize Your Fireplace and Chimney Efficiency BRRR...5 Ways to Maximize Your Fireplace and Chimney Efficiency BRRR...5 Ways to Maximize Your Fireplace and Chimney Efficiency January 30, 2013 - 5:13pm Addthis A warm fireplace can save you energy and money with proper maintenance. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto.com/Pgiam. A warm fireplace can save you energy and money with proper maintenance. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto.com/Pgiam. Erin Connealy Communications Specialist, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy How can I participate? Follow these tips to make sure that your cozy fireplace isn't wasting energy in your home. The Northeast and much of the country has had very frigid temperatures lately! If you're like me, nothing sounds better than cozying up to the fireplace with a cup of cocoa on a cold day. But be aware that while

60

Study of maximizing acoustic energy coupling to salt  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

STUDY OF MAXIMIZING ACOUSTIC ENERGY COUPLING TO SALT A Thesis by YNG-JOV HNANG Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ASM University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1979 Major... Subject: Geophysics STUDY OF &MAXIMIZING ACOUSTIC ENERGY COUPLING TO SALT A Thesis by YNG-JOU HWANG Approved as to style and content by: C arrman o ommit e em er em e er Hea o epartment December 1979 ABSTRACT Study of Haximizing Acoustic Energy...

Hwang, Yng-Jou

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "maximally exposed individual" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Leptonic CP violation: zero, maximal or between the two extremes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Discovery of the CP-violation in the lepton sector is one of the challenges of the particle physics. We search for possible principles, symmetries and phenomenological relations that can lead to particular values of the CP-violating Dirac phase, $\\delta$. In this connection we discuss two extreme cases: the zero phase, $\\delta = 0$, and the maximal CP-violation, $\\delta = \\pm \\pi/2$, and relate them to the peculiar pattern of the neutrino mixing. The maximal CP-violation can be related to the $\

Y. Farzan; A. Yu. Smirnov

2006-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

62

Voting Almost Maximizes Social Welfare Despite Limited Communication  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Procaccia Abstract In cooperative multiagent systems an alternative that maximizes the social welfare of the optimal alternative and the social welfare of the one that is ultimately elected. Procaccia, and Veto. Our results arguably provide a compelling reason for employing voting in cooperative multiagent

Caragiannis, Ioannis

63

Revenue Maximization with Quality Assurance for Composite Web Services  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Revenue Maximization with Quality Assurance for Composite Web Services Dani¨el Worm, Miroslav Abstract--Service composition is one of the major approaches in service oriented architecture (SOA) based systems. Due to the inherent stochastic nature of services execution environment the issue of composite

van der Mei, Rob

64

Optimal Demand Response Based on Utility Maximization in Power Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optimal Demand Response Based on Utility Maximization in Power Networks Na Li, Lijun Chen different appliances including PHEVs and batteries and propose a demand response approach based on utility. The utility company can thus use dynamic pricing to coordinate demand responses to the benefit of the overall

Low, Steven H.

65

March 2, 2011 Maxim Trudolyubov Foresees Change in Russia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

March 2, 2011 Maxim Trudolyubov Foresees Change in Russia "The Russian state is an archaic, almost expressed optimism about Russia's future. He predicted that the efforts of what he called "the third, positive reform to Russia's failing institutions. "Russia desperately needs change," asserted Trudolyubov

Qian, Ning

66

Local Search With Maximal Independent Sets Joel M. Gompert  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

an independent set, this information can be used to significantly speed up the process of solving a CSP by reducing the search space. The CSP is partitioned into two sets of variables I and �I, where I is a maximal for each variable in I, every element of the Cartesian product of these sets is a solution to the CSP. We

Farritor, Shane

67

Maximization of Recursive Utilities: A Dynamic Maximum Principle Approach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Maximization of Recursive Utilities: A Dynamic Maximum Principle Approach Wahid FAIDI LAMSIN, ENIT for a class of robust utility function introduced in Bordigoni, Matoussi et Schweizer (2005). Our method-investment strategy which is characterized as the unique solution of a forward-backward system. Key words : Utility

Di Girolami, Cristina

68

Utility maximization in incomplete markets # Campus de Beaulieu  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Utility maximization in incomplete markets # Ying Hu IRMAR Campus de Beaulieu Universitâ??e de Rennes Germany muellerm@mathematik.hu­berlin.de October 15, 2004 Abstract We consider the problem of utility and logarithmic utility. 2000 AMS subject classifications: primary 60 H 10, 91 B 28; secondary 60 G 44, 91 B 70

Imkeller, Peter

69

Utility Maximization for Delay Constrained QoS in Wireless  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Utility Maximization for Delay Constrained QoS in Wireless I-Hong Hou CSL and Department of CS of utility maxi- mization for clients with delay based QoS requirements in wireless networks. We adopt that the utility of a client is a function of the timely throughput it obtains. We treat the timely throughput

70

Utility Maximization Under a Shortfall Risk Constraint Anne Gundel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in order to make a position acceptable from a risk management perspective. Second, a risk measure shouldUtility Maximization Under a Shortfall Risk Constraint Anne Gundel Humboldt-Universit¨at zu Berlin-time financial market model under a joint budget and downside risk constraint. The risk constraint is given

Grübel, Rudolf

71

Dynamic Power Allocation For Maximizing Throughput in Energy Harvesting  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Dynamic Power Allocation For Maximizing Throughput in Energy Harvesting Communication System general case of arbitrarily varying energy arrivals is considered, where neither the future energy arrival strategy that invests available energy uniformly over all remaining slots until the next energy arrival

Vaze, Rahul

72

Maximizing output from oil reservoirs without water breakthrough  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Maximizing output from oil reservoirs without water breakthrough S.K. Lucas School of Mathematics, revised May 2003, published 45(3), 2004, 401­422 Abstract Often in oil reservoirs a layer of water lies, for example, Muskat [8], Bear [1]). When oil is removed from the reservoir by an oil well, it will generate

Lucas, Stephen

73

Epidemiological Studies of Leukemia in Persons Exposed to Ionizing Radiation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...exposed to ionizing radiation, the author...the higher dose range regardless...low dose range, it is emphasized...possibility of radiation hazards existing at low doses should not...exposed to ionizing radiation...exposed to ionizing radiation, the author...the higher dose range regardless...

L. H. Hempelmann

1960-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Typifies Optimizing Resources to Maximize  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Plant Typifies Optimizing Resources to Plant Typifies Optimizing Resources to Maximize Results Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Typifies Optimizing Resources to Maximize Results March 5, 2013 - 12:00pm Addthis EM Carlsbad Field Office (CBFO) Manager Joe Franco, right, presents a memento to EM Senior Advisor Dave Huizenga EM Carlsbad Field Office (CBFO) Manager Joe Franco, right, presents a memento to EM Senior Advisor Dave Huizenga Three HalfPACT transportation packages on a Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) truck are parked inside the exhibit hall at the 2013 Waste Management Conference. WIPP featured the exhibit as part of outreach to visitors at the annual gathering in Phoenix. Three HalfPACT transportation packages on a Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) truck are parked inside the exhibit hall at the 2013 Waste

75

Dynamically Disordered Quantum Walk as a Maximal Entanglement Generator  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We show that the entanglement between the internal (spin) and external (position) degrees of freedom of a qubit in a random (dynamically disordered) one-dimensional discrete time quantum random walk (QRW) achieves its maximal possible value asymptotically in the number of steps, outperforming the entanglement attained by using ordered QRW. The disorder is modeled by introducing an extra random aspect to QRW, a classical coin that randomly dictates which quantum coin drives the system’s time evolution. We also show that maximal entanglement is achieved independently of the initial state of the walker, study the number of steps the system must move to be within a small fixed neighborhood of its asymptotic limit, and propose two experiments where these ideas can be tested.

Rafael Vieira; Edgard P. M. Amorim; Gustavo Rigolin

2013-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

76

Confinement in SU(3: Simple and Generalized Maximal Abelian Gauge  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The general problem of obtaining reliable results from gauge-fixing and projection is discussed. It is shown that the usual form of the maximal abelian gauge gives poor results for the string tension in SU(3) lattice gauge theory. A generalized form is suggested. Evidence is presented that monopoles in SU(3) are associated with SU(2) subgroups, and that P-vortices pass through monopoles, similar to what happens in SU(2).

John D. Stack; William W. Tucker; Roy J. Wensley

2002-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

77

Individual Permit for Storm Water  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Individual Permit Individual Permit Individual Permit for Storm Water The Individual Permit authorizes the discharge of storm water associated with historical industrial activities at LANL from specified solid waste management units and areas of concern, collectively referred to as Sites. October 15, 2012 Sandia Canyon Wetlands Sandia Canyon Wetlands in the early morning looking north. Get Expertise Environmental Communications & Public Involvement Email In the Individual Permit, to 'minimize' means to reduce and/or eliminate discharges of pollutants in storm water to the extent achievable. What is the Individual Permit for Storm Water? The Permit - NPDES No. NM0030759 - was issued by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Region 6, on September 30, 2010 to Los Alamos National

78

Protocol for maximizing energy savings and indoor environmental quality  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Protocol for maximizing energy savings and indoor environmental quality Protocol for maximizing energy savings and indoor environmental quality improvements when retrofitting apartments Title Protocol for maximizing energy savings and indoor environmental quality improvements when retrofitting apartments Publication Type Journal Article LBNL Report Number LBNL-6147E Year of Publication 2013 Authors Noris, Federico, William W. Delp, Kimberly Vermeer, Gary Adamkiewicz, Brett C. Singer, and William J. Fisk Journal Energy and Buildings Volume 61 Pagination 378-386 Date Published 06/2013 Keywords apartments, buildings, costs, energy, indoor environmental quality, Protocol, retrofits, Selection Abstract The current focus on building energy retrofit provides an opportunity to simultaneously improve indoor environmental quality (IEQ). Toward this end, we developed a protocol for selecting packages of retrofits that both save energy and improve IEQ in apartments. The protocol specifies the methodology for selecting retrofits from a candidate list while addressing expected energy savings, IEQ impacts, and costs in an integrated manner. Interviews, inspections and measurements are specified to collect the needed input information. The protocol was applied to 17 apartments in three buildings in two different climates within California. Diagnostic measurements and surveys conducted before and after retrofit implementation indicate enhanced apartment performance.

79

Power Control and Transmission Scheduling for Network Utility Maximization in Wireless Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Power Control and Transmission Scheduling for Network Utility Maximization in Wireless Networks Min power control and transmis- sion scheduling problem in wireless networks with average power constraints. Index Terms--Network utility maximization, power control, transmission scheduling, column generation I

Sharma, Vinod

80

Heuristic for Maximizing DNA Reuse in Synthetic DNA Library Assembly  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Heuristic for Maximizing DNA Reuse in Synthetic DNA Library Assembly ... In concert with entirely de novo synthesis, a swathe of alternative DNA assembly methods are being introduced(4-6) that concatenate parts from hundreds of base pairs in length, through gene fusions, to synthetic biological devices built from catalogued parts, up to megabase fragments and entire chromosomes. ... De novo synthesis relies on synthetic oligos that are inherently error prone, and therefore, reusing existing error-free DNA in constructing new DNA provides an inherent advantage. ...

Jonathan Blakes; Ofir Raz; Uriel Feige; Jaume Bacardit; Pawe? Widera; Tuval Ben-Yehezkel; Ehud Shapiro; Natalio Krasnogor

2014-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "maximally exposed individual" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Gribov ambiguities at the Landau -- maximal Abelian interpolating gauge  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In a previous work, we presented a new method to account for the Gribov ambiguities in non-Abelian gauge theories. The method consists on the introduction of an extra constraint which directly eliminates the infinitesimal Gribov copies without the usual geometric approach. Such strategy allows to treat gauges with non-hermitian Faddeev-Popov operator. In this work, we apply this method to a gauge which interpolates among the Landau and maximal Abelian gauges. The result is a local and power counting renormalizable action, free of infinitesimal Gribov copies. Moreover, the interpolating tree-level gluon propagator is derived.

A. D. Pereira Jr; R. F. Sobreiro

2014-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

82

Amplification of maximally-path-entangled number states  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We examine the behavior of a non-Gaussian state like the maximally path-entangled number state commonly known as a N00N state under phase-insensitive amplification. We derive an analytical result for the density matrix of the N00N state for arbitrary gain of the amplifier. We consider cases of both symmetric and antisymmetric amplification of the two modes of the N00N state. We quantitatively evaluate the loss of entanglement by the amplifier in terms of the logarithmic negativity parameter. We find that N00N states are more robust than their Gaussian counterparts.

Agarwal, G. S.; Rai, Amit [Department of Physics, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, Oklahoma 74078 (United States); Chaturvedi, S. [School of Physics, University of Hyderabad, Hyderabad 500046 (India)

2010-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

83

Method for maximizing shale oil recovery from an underground formation  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method for maximizing shale oil recovery from an underground oil shale formation which has previously been processed by in situ retorting such that there is provided in the formation a column of substantially intact oil shale intervening between adjacent spent retorts, which method includes the steps of back filling the spent retorts with an aqueous slurry of spent shale. The slurry is permitted to harden into a cement-like substance which stabilizes the spent retorts. Shale oil is then recovered from the intervening column of intact oil shale by retorting the column in situ, the stabilized spent retorts providing support for the newly developed retorts.

Sisemore, Clyde J. (Livermore, CA)

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

The Maximal Abelian Gauge in SU(3) Lattice Gauge Theory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We gauge fix 600 SU(3) beta=6.0 configurations on a 16^4 lattice to a simple form of the maximal abelian gauge. We project the SU(3) valued links to the U(1)xU(1) subgroup, and extract U(1)xU(1) and monopole string tensions. After gauge fixing to the indirect center gauge, the U(1)xU(1) links are projected to Z(3) and a vortex string tension is measured. The vortex and magnetic current densities are measured.

William W. Tucker; John D. Stack

2001-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

85

Social Group Utility Maximization Game with Applications in Mobile Social Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

social neighbors. Along a different line, network utility maximization has been extensively studiedSocial Group Utility Maximization Game with Applications in Mobile Social Networks Xiaowen Gong and Xu Chen and Junshan Zhang1 Abstract-- In this paper, we develop a social group utility maximization

Reisslein, Martin

86

Dual formulation of the utility maximization problem : the case of nonsmooth utility  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, finitely valued on the whole real line, we study the dual formulation of the utility maximization problemDual formulation of the utility maximization problem : the case of nonsmooth utility B. Bouchard the dual formulation of the utility maximization problem in incomplete markets when the utility function

Touzi, Nizar

87

Individual Differences in Fish Behaviour  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

But they do! In ethology individual differences in behaviour have traditionally been ignored, treated as white noise (Ringler 1983) or, as Arak (1984) points out, considered to be maladaptive deviations from o...

Anne E. Magurran

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Probabilistically implementing nonlocal operation using non-maximally entangled state  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We develop the probabilistic implementation of a nonlocal gate $\\exp{[i\\xi{\\sigma_{n_A}}\\sigma_{n_B}]}$ and $\\xi\\in[0,\\frac\\pi4]$, by using a single non-maximally entangled state. We prove that, nonlocal gates can be implemented with a fidelity greater than 79.3% and a consumption of less than 0.969 ebits and 2 classical bits, when $\\xi\\leq0.353$. This provides a higher bound for the feasible operation compared to the former techniques \\cite{Cirac,Groisman,Bennett-1}. Besides, gates with $\\xi\\geq0.353$ can be implemented with the probability 79.3% and a consumption of 0.969 ebits, which is the same efficiency as the distillation-based protocol \\cite{Groisman,Bennett-1}, while our method saves extra classical resource. Gates with $\\xi\\to0$ can be implemented with nearly unit probability and a small entanglement. We also generalize some application to the multiple system, where we find it is possible to implement certain nonlocal gates between many non-entangled partners using a non-maximally multiple entangled state.

Lin Chen; Yi-Xin Chen

2005-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

89

Regeneration Engineering for Weapon System Availability Assessment Maxime Monnin, maxime.monnin@incose.org; Benoit Iung, benoit.iung@incose.org; and Olivier  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Regeneration Engineering for Weapon System Availability Assessment Maxime Monnin, maxime by internal system failures and external factors such as damage. This is increasingly the case for weapon become a requirement in the design of weapon systems. According to recent work supported

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

90

DOE Solar Decathlon: University of Texas at Austin: Maximizing Potential  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Mobile Utility Unit's Airstream trailer and entryway at dusk. Mobile Utility Unit's Airstream trailer and entryway at dusk. Enlarge image The Mobile Utility Unit designed by the University of Texas at Austin is one of the core buildings associated with the Center for Maximum Potential Building Systems. (Courtesy of Kit Morris) Who: University of Texas at Austin What: Mobile Utility Unit Where: Center for Maximum Potential Building Systems 8604 FM 969 Austin, Texas 78724 Map This House Public tours: Visitors are welcome the first Friday of every month. For tour information, call 512-928-4786. Solar Decathlon 2002 University of Texas at Austin: Maximizing Potential Students from the University of Texas at Austin designed the Mobile Utility Unit for the U.S. Department of Energy Solar Decathlon 2002. Based on an agreement with the University of Texas School of Architecture, the

91

An Expectation-Maximization Method for Calibrating Synchronous Machine Models  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The accuracy of a power system dynamic model is essential to its secure and efficient operation. Lower confidence in model accuracy usually leads to conservative operation and lowers asset usage. To improve model accuracy, this paper proposes an expectation-maximization (EM) method to calibrate the synchronous machine model using phasor measurement unit (PMU) data. First, an extended Kalman filter (EKF) is applied to estimate the dynamic states using measurement data. Then, the parameters are calculated based on the estimated states using maximum likelihood estimation (MLE) method. The EM method iterates over the preceding two steps to improve estimation accuracy. The proposed EM method’s performance is evaluated using a single-machine infinite bus system and compared with a method where both state and parameters are estimated using an EKF method. Sensitivity studies of the parameter calibration using EM method are also presented to show the robustness of the proposed method for different levels of measurement noise and initial parameter uncertainty.

Meng, Da; Zhou, Ning; Lu, Shuai; Lin, Guang

2013-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

92

The existential and postmodern individual  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

will not assign a truth- value to the consequences or to the act that was committed. He recognizes that some things just are, much like his own self. The postmodern individual may not have any truth-seeking perspectives, but this does not make him any less a... will not assign a truth- value to the consequences or to the act that was committed. He recognizes that some things just are, much like his own self. The postmodern individual may not have any truth-seeking perspectives, but this does not make him any less a...

Herring, Lesley Virginia

2005-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

93

Outdoor polymeric insulators long-term exposed to HVDC  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Field experience from outdoor polymeric insulators exposed to HVDC under natural contamination conditions is presented. This paper summarizes the peak leakage current statistics, the hydrophobicity and the surface material conditions studied by electron spectroscopy for chemical analysis (ESCA) and attenuated total reflection Fourier transform infrared (ATR-FTIR) spectroscopy. The results show a strong interrelation between the surface conditions and the performance with respect to leakage currents. Moreover, the results show that the surface conditions and the performance of the insulators exposed to HVDC are rather similar to those of the insulators exposed to HVAC.

Soerqvist, T.; Vlastos, A.E. [Chalmers Univ. of Technology, Gothenburg (Sweden)] [Chalmers Univ. of Technology, Gothenburg (Sweden)

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Understanding Academic Medical Centers: Simone’s Maxims  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...that the grass always looks greener, and it may be, but just not as green as it looked. Every Job Relocation...by the institution and the energy focused on it by the individual...must deal with the clash of business and professional values. Acad...

Joseph V. Simone

1999-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

INDIVIDUAL DEVELOPMENT PLAN JOB AID  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

INDIVIDUAL DEVELOPMENT PLAN JOB AID INDIVIDUAL DEVELOPMENT PLAN JOB AID Log into to ESS>Click the IDP drop down menu>Click Start Page Click on "Create a new IDP" NOTE: This screen also gives you the option to change supervisors, view, update and rollover your IDP. Your initial IDP will be (blank) in the goal column for your 3 Short Range and Long Range goals, so click on the word/link (Modify) to enter goals. Enter your Goal in the box below>Click Save This window will appear>Click on one of the Activity boxes below to enter an activity. You can add more than one activity per goal. This window will appear so you can enter the detailed information for your activities. You can select one of the 3 save options on the bottom. To View your IDP>Click on View current IDP (example is below this screen

96

Universal Membrane Classification Scheme: Maximizing the Return on High Temperature PEM Membrane Research  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This presentation on maximizing the return of high temperature PEM membrane research was given at the High Temperature Membrane Working Group Meeting in May 2007.

97

Power Maximization in Wave-Energy Converters Using Sampled -Data Extremum Seeking /  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Power Maximization in Wave-Energy Converters Using Sampled-design optimization of wave energy converters con- sistingN. Sahinkaya. A review of wave energy converter technology.

Chen, Tianjia

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

A review of "Maxims. A New English Translation" by La Rochefoucauld, Trans by Edward M. Stack  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Translation. Translated by Edward M. Stack. New York: Vantage Press, 2005. iv + 129 pp. $8.95. Review by D.J. CULPIN, UNIVERSITY OF ST. ANDREWS In this edition, La Rochefoucauld?s text is prefaced by a short Forward which gives the date of original... as definitive (1678), which was published two years before La Rochefoucauld?s death. Edward Stack?s translation con- tains four parts: Maxims (numbered 1-504), Posthumous Maxims (505- 562), Suppressed Maxims (563-641), and Additional Maxims (642...

Culpin, D. J.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Parton distributions based on a maximally consistent dataset  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The choice of data that enters a global QCD analysis can have a substantial impact on the resulting parton distributions and their predictions for collider observables. One of the main reasons for this has to do with the possible presence of inconsistencies, either internal within an experiment or external between different experiments. In order to assess the robustness of the global fit, different definitions of a conservative PDF set, that is, a PDF set based on a maximally consistent dataset, have been introduced. However, these approaches are typically affected by theory biases in the selection of the dataset. In this contribution, after a brief overview of recent NNPDF developments, we propose a new, fully objective, definition of a conservative PDF set, based on the Bayesian reweighting approach. Using the new NNPDF3.0 framework, we produce various conservative sets, which turn out to be mutually in agreement within the respective PDF uncertainties, as well as with the global fit. We explore some of their implications for LHC phenomenology, finding also good consistency with the global fit result. These results provide a non-trivial validation test of the new NNPDF3.0 fitting methodology, and indicate that possible inconsistencies in the fitted dataset do not affect substantially the global fit PDFs.

Juan Rojo

2014-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

100

Individualized Site Training | National Nuclear Security Administratio...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Training Individualized Site Training Individualized Site Training U.S. Department of Energy U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission Nuclear Materials Management & Safeguards...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "maximally exposed individual" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Enabling individualized therapy through nanotechnology  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Individualized medicine is the healthcare strategy that rebukes the idiomatic dogma of ‘losing sight of the forest for the trees’. We are entering a new era of healthcare where it is no longer acceptable to develop and market a drug that is effective for only 80% of the patient population. The emergence of “-omic” technologies (e.g. genomics, transcriptomics, proteomics, metabolomics) and advances in systems biology are magnifying the deficiencies of standardized therapy, which often provide little treatment latitude for accommodating patient physiologic idiosyncrasies. A personalized approach to medicine is not a novel concept. Ever since the scientific community began unraveling the mysteries of the genome, the promise of discarding generic treatment regimens in favor of patient-specific therapies became more feasible and realistic. One of the major scientific impediments of this movement towards personalized medicine has been the need for technological enablement. Nanotechnology is projected to play a critical role in patient-specific therapy; however, this transition will depend heavily upon the evolutionary development of a systems biology approach to clinical medicine based upon “-omic” technology analysis and integration. This manuscript provides a forward looking assessment of the promise of nanomedicine as it pertains to individualized medicine and establishes a technology “snapshot” of the current state of nano-based products over a vast array of clinical indications and range of patient specificity. Other issues such as market driven hurdles and regulatory compliance reform are anticipated to “self-correct” in accordance to scientific advancement and healthcare demand. These peripheral, non-scientific concerns are not addressed at length in this manuscript; however they do exist, and their impact to the paradigm shifting healthcare transformation towards individualized medicine will be critical for its success.

Jason H. Sakamoto; Anne L. van de Ven; Biana Godin; Elvin Blanco; Rita E. Serda; Alessandro Grattoni; Arturas Ziemys; Ali Bouamrani; Tony Hu; Shivakumar I. Ranganathan; Enrica De Rosa; Jonathan O. Martinez; Christine A. Smid; Rachel M. Buchanan; Sei-Young Lee; Srimeenakshi Srinivasan; Matthew Landry; Anne Meyn; Ennio Tasciotti; Xuewu Liu; Paolo Decuzzi; Mauro Ferrari

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Closed and Maximal Subgraph Mining in Internally and Externally Weighted Graph Databases  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We formalize a problem of closed and maximal pattern discovery in internally and externally weighted graph databases. We introduce two weights, internal weights and external weights, which represent utility and significance of each edge in the graph, ... Keywords: subgraph mining, weighted graph, closed, maximal patterns

Tomonobu Ozaki; Minoru Etoh

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

The Gribov Ambiguity for Maximal Abelian and Center Gauges in SU(2) Lattice Gauge Theory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present results for the fundamental string tension in SU(2) lattice gauge theory after projection to maximal abelian and direct maximal center gauges. We generate 20 Gribov copies/configuration. Abelian and center projected string tensions slowly decrease as higher values of the gauge functionals are reached.

John D. Stack; William W. Tucker

2000-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

104

RTDS Based Maximal Power Point Tracking Simulation for Doubly-Fed Induction Generator  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the control of the wind generation, the maximal power point tracking (MPPT) control plays important role in the efficiency. This paper presents the simulation results of the MPPT control with RTDS-based DFIG model. At first, it analyzes the vector-control ... Keywords: Wind energy, DFIG((doubly-fed induction generator), Stator flux-oriented, Maximal power point tracking

Jiamin Zhang; Ancheng Xue; Tianshu Bi

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

A Social Group Utility Maximization Framework with Applications in Database Assisted Spectrum Access  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of maximizing the total network utility. Along a different line, game theory has found a wide varietyA Social Group Utility Maximization Framework with Applications in Database Assisted Spectrum, xgong9, lyang55, junshan.zhang}@asu.edu Abstract--In this paper, we develop a social group utility

Reisslein, Martin

106

MINIMAL AND MAXIMAL OPERATOR SPACES AND OPERATOR SYSTEMS IN ENTANGLEMENT THEORY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MINIMAL AND MAXIMAL OPERATOR SPACES AND OPERATOR SYSTEMS IN ENTANGLEMENT THEORY NATHANIEL JOHNSTON-maximal operator spaces and operator systems, and investigate their relationships with the basic separability operator systems that were recently introduced and show that their cones of positive elements are exactly

Paulsen, Vern

107

Notices Accessible Format: Individuals with  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

472 Federal Register 472 Federal Register / Vol. 77, No. 83 / Monday, April 30, 2012 / Notices Accessible Format: Individuals with disabilities can obtain this document in an accessible format (e.g., braille, large print, audiotape, or computer diskette) on request to the program contact person listed under FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT. Electronic Access to This Document: The official version of this document is the document published in the Federal Register. Free Internet access to the official edition of the Federal Register and the Code of Federal Regulations is available via the Federal Digital System at: www.gpo.gov/fdsys. At this site you can view this document, as well as all other documents of this Department published in the Federal Register, in text or Adobe Portable Document

108

Notices Affected Public: Individuals and  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

23 Federal Register 23 Federal Register / Vol. 76, No. 23 / Thursday, February 3, 2011 / Notices Affected Public: Individuals and households; not-for-profit institutions; State, Local, or Tribal Government, State Educational Agencies or Local Educational Agencies. Total Estimated Number of Annual Responses: 22,760. Total Estimated Number of Annual Burden Hours: 8,725. Abstract: The study is being conducted as part of the National Assessment of Title I, mandated by Title I, Part E, Section 1501 of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act. The study is designed to identify school programs and instructional practices associated with improved language development, background knowledge, and comprehension outcomes for children in prekindergarten through third grade. Analyses will estimate the

109

Creep life prediction of service-exposed turbine blades  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The aim of this research work was to study the possibility of predicting the operational creep life of service-exposed blades used in industrial gas turbines. This prediction is based on the determination of blades creep life using stress–rupture test under accelerated test conditions where the applied stresses were 400,500 and 600 MPa and the test temperature was 850 °C. The study concentrated on creep behavior of service-exposed blades having different actual service lifes. The test specimens were prepared from first stage turbine blades made of Ni-based superalloy (IN-738). Larson–Miller parameter was used to extrapolate the stress–rupture test results to the actual operating conditions of blades. The operational creep life and the residual life of service-exposed blades were determined employing the life fraction rule.

G. Marahleh; A.R.I. Kheder; H.F. Hamad

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Exposing Datapath Elements to Reduce Microprocessor Energy Consumption  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to Reduce Microprocessor Energy Consumption by Mark Jerome Hampton Submitted to the Department of ElectricalExposing Datapath Elements to Reduce Microprocessor Energy Consumption by Mark Jerome Hampton B Submitted to the Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science in partial ful llment

111

A pill to treat people exposed to radioactive materials  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Berkeley Lab's Rebecca Abergel discusses "A pill to treat people exposed to radioactive materials" in this Oct. 28, 2013 talk, which is part of a Science at the Theater event entitled Eight Big Ideas. Go here to watch the entire event with all 8 speakers:

Abergel, Rebecca

2014-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

112

Exposing Behavioral Differences in Cross-Language API Mapping Relations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Exposing Behavioral Differences in Cross-Language API Mapping Relations Hao Zhong1 , Suresh translation of many call sites of API elements (i.e., classes, methods, and fields of API libraries). API source API elements and their equiv- alent target API elements. However, in an API mapping relation

Xie, Tao

113

Arrhythmias in Rat Hearts Exposed to Pulsed Ultrasound  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Arrhythmias in Rat Hearts Exposed to Pulsed Ultrasound After Intravenous Injection of a Contrast. Conduction complex and heart lesion data were recorded from 20 rats that received intravenous injections of 0 rats. When ultrasound exposure was halted, arrhythmias ceased but reoccurred in 4 of the 10 rats when

Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, University of

114

Inflammatory response of lung cells exposed to whole, filtered, and  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Inflammatory response of lung cells exposed to whole, filtered, and Inflammatory response of lung cells exposed to whole, filtered, and hydrocarbon denuded diesel exhaust Title Inflammatory response of lung cells exposed to whole, filtered, and hydrocarbon denuded diesel exhaust Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2007 Authors Holder, Amara L., Donald Lucas, Regine Goth-Goldstein, and Catherine P. Koshland Journal Chemosphere Volume 70 Pagination 13-19 Date Published 09/2007 Keywords air-liquid interface, combustion particle, human bronchial epithelial cells, interleukin-8 Abstract In vitro studies with the organic extracts of diesel particles have suggested that hydrocarbons such as PAH may play a role in an inflammatory response, but these have been limited by the possible artifacts introduced in the particle collection and processing. In this study, we avoid these artifacts and use an activated carbon denuder to remove hydrocarbons from the exhaust stream to investigate their role in the inflammatory response. Human bronchial epithelial cells (16HBE140) were exposed at the air-cell interface to diluted and aged exhaust from a diesel generator operated at partial and no load conditions. When particles were removed with a filter before cell exposure, exhaust gases accounted for almost half of the response compared to the whole exhaust. Removal of gas phase and a portion of the particle phase hydrocarbons with the denuder decreased the interleukin-8 (IL-8) secretion to unexposed levels

115

Essays on aggregate and individual consumption fluctuations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis consists of three essays on aggregate and individual consumption fluctuations. Chapter 1 develops a quantitative model to explore aggregate and individual consumption dynamics when the income process exhibits ...

Hwang, Youngjin

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Transplanting assembly of individual carbon nanotubes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Handling and assembling individual nanostructures to bigger scale systems such as MEMS have been the biggest challenge. A deterministic assembly of individual carbon nanotubes by transplanting them to MEMS structures is ...

Kim, Soohyung

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Electrical Contacts to Individual Colloidal Semiconductor Nanorods  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

stable nanostructured electrical devices with interestingElectrical Contacts to Individual Colloidal Semiconductorand its effect on electrical properties has important

Trudeau, Paul-Emile

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Everyday Environmentalism: Law, Nature & Individual Behavior  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Review: Everyday Environmentalism: Law, Nature & IndividualJason J . Everyday Environmentalism: Law, Nature &this book to "promote environmentally conscious decision-

Anderson, Byron P.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Maximally concentrating optics for photovoltaic solar energy conversion  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Use of a two-stage concentrator with a fresnel lens primary and a nonimaging dielectric totally internally reflecting secondary, has unique advantages for photovoltaic concentration. Some preliminary ray trace studies have shown that with planar lenses, an increase in angular acceptance for a given geometric concentration to about 2/3 of the maximum theoretical limit can be achieved. To demonstrate this, two preprototype concentrators, each having a geometric concentration of 248:1 for a 0.635cm (0.25 inch) diameter cell, have been designed, built, and tested. Measurements of the angular response show an acceptance of 8[degrees] (full angle) which is drastically better than the 1[degrees]--2[degrees] achievable without a secondary, and is in excellent agreement with the ray trace predictions. For these preprototypes, passive cooling was sufficient to prevent any thermal problems for both the cell and secondary. No problems associated with nouuniform cell illumination were found, as evidenced by the fill factor of 71%--73% measured under concentration. Initial measurements of the system electrical efficiency lie in the range 7.5%--9.9% for a variety of individual cells.

O'Gallagher, J.J.

1985-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

120

NREL: Continuum Magazine - Maximizing the Benefits of Plug-in Electric  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Maximizing the Benefits of Plug-in Electric Vehicles Maximizing the Benefits of Plug-in Electric Vehicles Issue 4 Print Version Share this resource Maximizing the Benefits of Plug-in Electric Vehicles Advancing electric vehicle charging options and grid readiness reduces oil consumption and vehicle emissions. A photo of two electric vehicles in a research facility. Enlarge image Electric vehicle charging stations in NREL's parking garage. Photo by Dennis Schroder, NREL Plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs)-including all-electric vehicles and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles-offer the opportunity to reduce oil consumption and vehicle emissions by drawing on power from the utility grid. When the grid uses electricity generated from clean, domestic energy sources, the emerging PEV infrastructure will increasingly maximize

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "maximally exposed individual" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Maximizing the Benefit from the D&D Technology Development Program |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Maximizing the Benefit from the D&D Technology Development Program Maximizing the Benefit from the D&D Technology Development Program Maximizing the Benefit from the D&D Technology Development Program The Office of Deactivation and Decommissioning (D&D)/Facility Engineering (FE) is charged with reducing the technical risk and uncertainty of D&D activities across the Environmental Management (EM) Complex through the identification, development and demonstration of alternative technologies as well as through the provision of technical assistance activities such as Lessons Learned Workshops and External Technical Review Teams. Maximizing the Benefit from the D&D Technology Development Program More Documents & Publications Across the Pond Newsletter Issue 1 D&D Toolbox Project - Technology Demonstration of Fixatives Applied to Hot

122

The influence of lateral foot displacement on cycling efficiency and maximal cycling power.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??HARPER, SARA A., M.S., May 2014Exercise PhysiologyTHE INFLUENCE OF LATERAL PEDAL DISPLACEMENT ON CYCLING EFFICIENCY AND MAXIMAL CYCLING POWER (27 pp.)Director of Thesis: John McDaniel,… (more)

Harper, Sara Anne

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Achieving Queue-Length Stability Through Maximal Scheduling in Wireless Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

stability region; however, these scheduling strategies also require centralized control. Although [5], [6Achieving Queue-Length Stability Through Maximal Scheduling in Wireless Networks Prasanna Chaporkar through distributed scheduling in wireless networks. We consider a simple, local information based

Sarkar, Saswati

124

Critical Cliques and Their Application to Influence Maximization in Online Social Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Series modules which are maximal and are also cliques are termed as simple series modules or critical cliques. There are modular decomposition algorithms that can be used to decompose the graph into modules and obtain critical cliques. In this current...

Pandey, Nikhil

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

125

A profit maximization approach to modeling U.S. agricultural trade  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

sectors--farm production and food processing. The profit maximization based trade models are estimated, and short and intermediate run elasticities are computed. Hypothesis tests indicate that the underlying assumptions implicit in this approach cannot...

Porras, Juan Jose

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Title: Superimposed electrical stimulation comfortably improves the endurance of maximal voluntary contractions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in two conditions of contraction (voluntary vs. voluntary + superimposed electrical stimulation). RESULTSTitle: Superimposed electrical stimulation comfortably improves the endurance of maximal voluntary contractions Short title: Electrical stimulation and MVC endurance Boisgontier MP*, Moineau B, Nougier V UJF

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

127

The indexing ambiguity in serial femtosecond crystallography (SFX) resolved using an expectation maximization algorithm  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An expectation maximization algorithm is implemented to resolve the indexing ambiguity which arises when merging data from many crystals in protein crystallography, especially in cases where partial reflections are recorded in serial femtosecond crystallography (SFX) at XFELs.

Liu, H.

2014-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

128

Evaluation of Maxim Module-Integrated Electronics at the DOE Regional Test Centers (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Module-embedded power electronics developed by Maxim Integrated are under evaluation through a partnership with the Department of Energy's Regional Test Center (RTC) program. Field deployments of both conventional modules and electronics-enhanced modules are designed to quantify the performance advantage of Maxim's products under different amounts of interrow shading, and their ability to be deployed at a greater ground-coverage ratio than conventional modules. Simulations in PVSYST have quantified the predicted performance difference between conventional modules and Maxim's modules from interrow shading. Initial performance results have identified diffuse irradiance losses at tighter row spacing for both the Maxim and conventional modules. Comparisons with published models show good agreement with models predicting the greatest diffuse irradiance losses. At tighter row spacing, all of the strings equipped with embedded power electronics outperformed their conventional peers. An even greater performance advantage is predicted to occur in the winter months when the amount of interrow shading mismatch is at a maximum.

Deline, C.; Sekulic, B.; Barkaszi, S.; Yang, J.; Kahn, S.

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Maximizing Hysteretic Losses in Magnetic Ferrite Nanoparticles via Model-Driven Synthesis and Materials Optimization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This article develops a set of design guidelines for maximizing heat dissipation characteristics of magnetic ferrite MFe[subscript 2]O[subscript 4] (M = Mn, Fe, Co) nanoparticles in alternating magnetic fields. Using ...

Chen, Ritchie

130

Competition and predation in simple food webs: intermediately strong trade-offs maximize coexistence  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Competition and predation in simple food webs: intermediately strong trade-offs maximize...fundamental interactions structuring food webs. However, rather than always following...analysing the entire continuum of food web configurations existing between purely...

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

ON MAXIMAL S-FREE CONVEX SETS 1. Introduction. A convex set ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

maximal S-free convex sets in some cases where S does not satisfy conv(S)? ...... [15] J.-P. Hiriart-Urrut and C. Lemaréchal, Fundamentals of convex analysis,

2010-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

132

Low maximal oxygen uptake is associated with elevated depressive symptoms in middle-aged men  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A low level of physical activity has been associated with depression, and increased physical activity has been found to have a positive effect on mood. However, the association between maximal oxygen uptake (VO2m...

T. Tolmunen; J. A. Laukkanen; J. Hintikka; S. Kurl…

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Analysis of maximizing the Synergy between PHEVs/EVs and PV ...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

PV Analysis of maximizing the Synergy between PHEVsEVs and PV 2011 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program, and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation...

134

Theory: Biological systems organize to maximize entropy production subject to information and biophysicochemical constraints.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Theory: Biological systems organize to maximize entropy production subject to information production. While organized structures decrease the entropy of the system, they are maintained by external selection produce biological systems that tend to follow a pathway of maximum entropy production

Vallino, Joseph J.

135

Techniques for Maximizing Efficiency of Solar Energy Harvesting Systems (Invited Paper)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Techniques for Maximizing Efficiency of Solar Energy Harvesting Systems (Invited Paper) Pai H requiring battery replacement. This paper ex- amines technical issues with solar energy harvesting. First power point tracking, energy harvest- ing, solar panel, photovoltaic cell, supercapacitor, ultracapac

Shinozuka, Masanobu

136

Maximizing the Productive Uses of Electricity to Increase the Impact of  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Maximizing the Productive Uses of Electricity to Increase the Impact of Maximizing the Productive Uses of Electricity to Increase the Impact of Rural Electrification Programs Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Maximizing the Productive Uses of Electricity to Increase the Impact of Rural Electrification Programs Agency/Company /Organization: Christophe de Gouvello and Laurent Durix Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy Phase: Create a Vision Topics: - Energy Access Resource Type: Publications User Interface: Website Website: www.esmap.org/esmap/sites/esmap.org/files/FR_Maximizing%20the%20Produc Cost: Free Language: English This paper argues that to be successful, rural electrification programs should target direct impact on livelihoods and revenue generation beyond the provision of connections and kilowatt-hours by implementing electricity

137

Renormalizability of a generalized gauge fixing interpolating among the Coulomb, Landau and maximal Abelian gauges  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A detailed discussion of the renormalization properties of a class of gauges which interpolates among the Landau, Coulomb and maximal Abelian gauges is provided in the framework of the algebraic renormalization in Euclidean Yang-Mills theories in four dimensions.

Capri, M.A.L. [Departamento de Fisica Teorica, Instituto de Fisica, UERJ, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Rua Sao Francisco Xavier 524, 20550-013 Maracana, Rio de Janeiro (Brazil)]. E-mail: marcio@dft.if.uerj.br; Sobreiro, R.F. [Departamento de Fisica Teorica, Instituto de Fisica, UERJ, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Rua Sao Francisco Xavier 524, 20550-013 Maracana, Rio de Janeiro (Brazil)]. E-mail: sobreiro@uerj.br; Sorella, S.P. [Departamento de Fisica Teorica, Instituto de Fisica, UERJ, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Rua Sao Francisco Xavier 524, 20550-013 Maracana, Rio de Janeiro (Brazil)]. E-mail: sorella@uerj.br; Thibes, R. [Departamento de Fisica Teorica, Instituto de Fisica, UERJ, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Rua Sao Francisco Xavier 524, 20550-013 Maracana, Rio de Janeiro (Brazil)]. E-mail: thibes@dft.if.uerj.br

2007-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

138

Chemico-Biological Interactions 166 (2007) 301316 Mortality patterns among industrial workers exposed to  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of industrial workers exposed to chloroprene (CD) and other substances, including vinyl chloride monomer (VC

Illinois at Chicago, University of

139

Radioadaptation in Neural Stem Cells Exposed to Low Dose Irradiation  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Radioadaptation in Neural Stem Cells Exposed to Low Dose Irradiation Radioadaptation in Neural Stem Cells Exposed to Low Dose Irradiation Charles Limoli University of California, Irvine Abstract In the CNS, irradiation of multipotent neural stem and precursor cells has been shown to cause a persistent oxidative stress that impacts radiosensitivity, mitochondrial function, and cell fate. The nature, magnitude and duration of reactive species dictates whether these radiation-induced changes are harmful or beneficial to a variety of in vitro and in vivo endpoints of viability and function. We have shown that acute low dose irradiation (2-10 cGy) can elicit significant increases in reactive oxygen (ROS) and nitrogen (RNS) species over several days post-exposure. These changes can be attenuated when the dose is protracted over several weeks using a 57Co flood source having a surface dose rate of

140

Individual Development Plan | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Individual Development Plan Individual Development Plan Individual Development Plan To be effective, training decisions made at the organizational and departmental levels must be informed by the needs of the individual. An individual development plan (IDP) is cooperatively developed between a supervisor and an employee to identify training needs that address mandatory training, essential competencies, legal requirements, career development and professional growth. This allows the employee and supervisor to focus limited resources in the area of greatest need for the individual and the organization. IDPs should be updated annually. The IDP tool resides in the Employee Self Service (ESS) system, a web-based application for all DOE Federal Employees. For instructions on using the IDP tool, visit the ESS website (once logged

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "maximally exposed individual" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Arizona Department of Environmental Quality's Individual Permits...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

process for an individual AZPDES permit. Author Arizona Department of Environmental Quality Published ADEQ, Date Not Provided DOI Not Provided Check for DOI availability: http:...

142

Electrical Characterization of Individual Semiconductor Nanocrystals  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

al. Structural, optical, and electrical properties of PbSeT. & Alivisatos, A. P. Electrical Transport through a SingleV. & Alivisatos, A. P. Electrical Contacts to Individual

Sheldon, Matthew Thomas

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Hydrogen Storage Grand Challenge Individual Projects  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Hydrogen Storage Grand Challenge individual projects funded for three Centers of Excellence, led by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Sandia National Laboratories, and Los Alamos National Laboratory

144

CDPHE Industrial Individual Wastewater Discharge Permit Application...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Legal Document- Permit ApplicationPermit Application: CDPHE Industrial Individual Wastewater Discharge Permit ApplicationLegal Abstract Application provided by the Colorado...

145

Hawaii Individual Wastewater Management Permit Packet | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

to library PermittingRegulatory Guidance - Supplemental Material: Hawaii Individual Wastewater Management Permit PacketPermittingRegulatory GuidanceSupplemental Material Author...

146

Electromechanical Unzipping of Individual DNA Molecules Using  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electromechanical Unzipping of Individual DNA Molecules Using Synthetic Sub-2 nm Pores Ben Mc synthetic pores can be used to electrome- chanically unzip DNA duplexes.13 However, direct measure- ment time that the unzipping kinetics of individual DNA duplexes can be probed by analyzing the dwell

147

Electric Power Market Simulations Using Individuals  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Generation agents ­ Own and operate virtual power plants ­ Submit power bids to the independent system in the EMCAS model #12;3 Argonne Staff Act Out the Roles of Individual Agents in a Virtual Electric PowerElectric Power Market Simulations Using Individuals as Agents Guenter Conzelmann Argonne National

Kemner, Ken

148

Supplements B.1 Tracking individual particles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

at the order of 2 pixels. B.1.2 Statistics on measured individual particle displacements Examples of the statistics of individual particle displacements are shown in Fig. B.2. The statistics are based plane). A positive z represents a displacement upwards. Fig. B.2(a) shows the relative probability

Gollub, Jerry P.

149

Maximizing Potential of Diesel and Gasoline for a Cleaner, More Efficient  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Maximizing Potential of Diesel and Gasoline for a Cleaner, More Maximizing Potential of Diesel and Gasoline for a Cleaner, More Efficient Engine Maximizing Potential of Diesel and Gasoline for a Cleaner, More Efficient Engine September 27, 2011 - 3:52pm Addthis A team of researchers and engineers at Argonne National Laboratory, led by Steve Ciatti, pictured above, is looking at the possibility of using gasoline to power diesel engines, thereby increasing overall efficiency and reducing pollution. | Image courtesy of ANL A team of researchers and engineers at Argonne National Laboratory, led by Steve Ciatti, pictured above, is looking at the possibility of using gasoline to power diesel engines, thereby increasing overall efficiency and reducing pollution. | Image courtesy of ANL Bryan Wheeler Intern, Office of Science

150

Maximizing Potential of Diesel and Gasoline for a Cleaner, More Efficient  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Maximizing Potential of Diesel and Gasoline for a Cleaner, More Maximizing Potential of Diesel and Gasoline for a Cleaner, More Efficient Engine Maximizing Potential of Diesel and Gasoline for a Cleaner, More Efficient Engine September 27, 2011 - 3:52pm Addthis A team of researchers and engineers at Argonne National Laboratory, led by Steve Ciatti, pictured above, is looking at the possibility of using gasoline to power diesel engines, thereby increasing overall efficiency and reducing pollution. | Image courtesy of ANL A team of researchers and engineers at Argonne National Laboratory, led by Steve Ciatti, pictured above, is looking at the possibility of using gasoline to power diesel engines, thereby increasing overall efficiency and reducing pollution. | Image courtesy of ANL Bryan Wheeler Intern, Office of Science

151

Teleportation is necessary for faithful quantum state transfer through noisy channels of maximal rank  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Quantum teleportation enables deterministic and faithful transmission of quantum states, provided a maximally entangled state is pre-shared between sender and receiver, and a one-way classical channel is available. Here, we prove that these resources are not only sufficient, but also necessary, for deterministically and faithfully sending quantum states through any fixed noisy channel of maximal rank, when a single use of the cannel is admitted. In other words, for this family of channels, there are no other protocols, based on different (and possibly cheaper) sets of resources, capable of replacing quantum teleportation.

Raffaele Romano; Peter van Loock

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

RADIOLOGICAL DOSE ASSESSMENT 1997 BNL Site Environmental Report 9 -1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Title 40 CFR Part 61, Subpart H, National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAPs to the location of interest. The program supplies both the calculated EDE to the maximally exposed individual of the Long Island Lighting Company. For modeling the dose to the maximally exposed individual (MEI), all

153

E-Print Network 3.0 - air pollution particle-exposed Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

exposed Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: air pollution particle-exposed Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Air Pollution Physics and...

154

E-Print Network 3.0 - alkali-silicate glass exposed Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

silicate glass exposed Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: alkali-silicate glass exposed Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 An 17O NMR...

155

10 CFR 1008, Records Maintained On Individuals (Privacy Act)...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

0 CFR 1008, Records Maintained On Individuals (Privacy Act) 10 CFR 1008, Records Maintained On Individuals (Privacy Act) 10 CFR 1008, Records Maintained On Individuals (Privacy...

156

Maximizing Light Utilization Efficiency and Hydrogen Production in Microalgal Cultures, DOE Hydrogen Program FY 2010 Annual Progress Report  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

UCB will minimize, or truncate, the chlorophyll antenna size in green algae to maximize photobiological solar conversion efficiency and H2-production.

157

Maximizing Lifetime in an Energy Constrained Wireless Sensor Array Using Team Optimization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Maximizing Lifetime in an Energy Constrained Wireless Sensor Array Using Team Optimization or using intermediate hop nodes. For a given node constellation, there ex- ist many wireless connection trees to do this. For a known node constellation, the maximum lifetime of a single tree is equal

Arabshahi, Payman

158

Revenue Maximization in Reservation-based Online Advertising Through Dynamic Inventory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and oftentimes a publisher uncontrollably runs out of a highly desirable inventory type, failing to meetRevenue Maximization in Reservation-based Online Advertising Through Dynamic Inventory Management inventory on content sites owned by publishers (e.g., CNN, amazon, etc.). Sales representatives, acting

Tomkins, Andrew

159

A review of "La Rochefoucauld par quatre chemins. Les Maximes et leurs ambivalence" by Eric Turcat  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

82 seventeenth-century news Eric Turcat. La Rochefoucauld par quatre chemins. Les Maximes et leurs ambivalence. Biblio 17, v. 206. Tübingen: Gunter Narr Verlag, 2013. 220 pp. ISBN 978-63-8233-6803-8. $65.91. Review by denis d. grélé, university...

Grele, Denis D.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Linear maps preserving maximal deviation and the Jordan structure of quantum systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the algebraic approach to quantum theory, a quantum observable is given by an element of a Jordan algebra and a state of the system is modelled by a normalized positive functional on the underlying algebra. Maximal deviation of a quantum observable is the largest statistical deviation one can obtain in a particular state of the system. The main result of the paper shows that each linear bijective transformation between JBW algebras preserving maximal deviations is formed by a Jordan isomorphism or a minus Jordan isomorphism perturbed by a linear functional multiple of an identity. It shows that only one numerical statistical characteristic has the power to determine the Jordan algebraic structure completely. As a consequence, we obtain that only very special maps can preserve the diameter of the spectra of elements. Nonlinear maps preserving the pseudometric given by maximal deviation are also described. The results generalize hitherto known theorems on preservers of maximal deviation in the case of self-adjoint parts of von Neumann algebras proved by Molnar.

Hamhalter, Jan [Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Czech Technical University in Prague, Technicka 2, 166 27 Prague 6 (Czech Republic)

2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "maximally exposed individual" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Cherish every Joule: Maximizing throughput with an eye on network-wide energy consumption  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cherish every Joule: Maximizing throughput with an eye on network-wide energy consumption Canming: {jcm, yshi, thou, wjlou}@vt.edu Abstract Conserving network-wide energy consumption is becoming of wireless networks, the concern of energy consumption is becoming in- creasingly important for network

Hou, Y. Thomas

162

Task allocation for maximizing reliability of distributed computing systems using honeybee mating optimization  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper deals with the problem of task allocation (i.e., to which processor should each task of an application be assigned) in heterogeneous distributed computing systems with the goal of maximizing the system reliability. The problem of finding an ... Keywords: Distributed computing, Honeybee mating optimization, Reliability, Task assignment

Qin-Ma Kang; Hong He; Hui-Min Song; Rong Deng

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Computational Modeling of Ballast Tanks to Improve Understanding and Maximize Effectiveness of Management Practices and Treatment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Computational Modeling of Ballast Tanks to Improve Understanding and Maximize Effectiveness tanks exchange coastal ballast water with mid-ocean seawater (referred to as "ballast water exchange of high-resolution computational fluid dynamics (CFD) to model ballast tank water flow and to predict EE

164

Innovative reliability allocation using the maximal entropy ordered weighted averaging method  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Reliability allocation is one of the most important factors to consider when determining the reliability and competitiveness of a product. The feasibility-of-objectives (FOO) technique has become the current standard for assessing reliability designs ... Keywords: Average weighting allocation method, Feasibility-of-objectives technique, Maximal entropy ordered weighted averaging, Reliability allocation

Yung-Chia Chang; Kuie-Hu Chang; Cheng-Shih Liaw

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Maximizing Return on Investment of a Grid-Connected Hybrid Electrical Energy Storage System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

residential users to perform demand side management. There are several ways to perform demand side management) Derivation of an optimal HEES management policy to maximize the daily energy cost saving and (ii) Optimal fluctuates within a much smaller range compared to the demand. Figure 1 shows a 24-hour profile of system

Pedram, Massoud

166

LightFlood: Minimizing Redundant Messages and Maximizing the Scope of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of redundant messages. Our analysis and simulation experiments show that the LightFlood scheme provides a lowLightFlood: Minimizing Redundant Messages and Maximizing the Scope of Peer-to-Peer Search Song Abstract--Flooding is a fundamental file search operation in unstructured peer-to-peer (P2P) file sharing

167

Sensor Network Lifetime Maximization Via Sensor Energy Balancing: Construction and Optimal Scheduling of Sensor Trees  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in such a way that the total energy usage of the active sensor nodes in the tree is minimized. However whenSensor Network Lifetime Maximization Via Sensor Energy Balancing: Construction and Optimal Scheduling of Sensor Trees Ling Shi , Agostino Capponi , Karl H. Johansson and Richard M. Murray Abstract

Johansson, Karl Henrik

168

Minimizing Energy and Maximizing Network Lifetime Multicasting in Wireless Ad Hoc Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

trees with multiple optimization objectives. A. Related Work A number of energy-aware broadcast] that the problem of finding a minimum-energy broadcast tree is NP-hard. Particularly in [2], they have shownMinimizing Energy and Maximizing Network Lifetime Multicasting in Wireless Ad Hoc Networks Weifa

Liang, Weifa

169

Maximizing Dexterous Workspace and Optimal Port Placement of a Multi-Arm Surgical Robot  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Maximizing Dexterous Workspace and Optimal Port Placement of a Multi-Arm Surgical Robot Zhi Li robot system having four articulated robotic arms in a spher- ical configuration, each holding remote sites. The current research effort aims to configure the link architecture of each robotic arm

Rosen, Jacob

170

Evaluation of Maxim Module-Integrated Electronics at the DOE Regional Test Centers: Preprint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Module-embedded power electronics developed by Maxim Integrated are under evaluation through a partnership with the Department of Energy's Regional Test Center (RTC) program. Field deployments of both conventional modules and electronics-enhanced modules are designed to quantify the performance advantage of Maxim's products under different amounts of inter-row shading, and their ability to be deployed at a greater ground-coverage-ratio than conventional modules. Simulations in PVSYST have quantified the predicted performance difference between conventional modules and Maxim's modules from inter-row shading. Initial performance results have identified diffuse irradiance losses at tighter row spacing for both the Maxim and conventional modules. Comparisons with published models show good agreement with models predicting the greatest diffuse irradiance losses. At tighter row spacing, all of the strings equipped with embedded power electronics outperformed their conventional peers. An even greater performance advantage is predicted to occur in the winter months when the amount of inter-row shading mismatch is at a maximum.

Deline, C.; Sekulic, B.; Stein, J.; Barkaszi, S.; Yang, J.; Kahn, S.

2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Exact Computation of Maximally Dominating Faults and Its Application to -Detection Tests  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Exact Computation of Maximally Dominating Faults and Its Application to -Detection Tests Ilia, IN 47907, USA Abstract £ -detection test sets for stuck-at faults have been shown to be useful in detecting an important role in controlling the increase in the size of an £ -detection test set as £ is increased

Polian, Ilia

172

A Decomposition Technique for CSPs Using Maximal Independent Sets and Its Integration with Local Search  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for decomposing a Con- straint Satisfaction Problem (CSP) by identifying a maximal independent set in the constraint graph of the CSP. We ar- gue that this technique reduces the complexity of solving the CSP Satisfaction Problem (CSP) to boost performance of solving the CSP while yielding multiple solutions

Farritor, Shane

173

BETTI NUMBERS OF PLANE ALGEBRAIC CURVES STEFAN FRIEDL, CONSTANCE LEIDY AND LAURENTIU MAXIM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

L2 ­BETTI NUMBERS OF PLANE ALGEBRAIC CURVES STEFAN FRIEDL, CONSTANCE LEIDY AND LAURENTIU MAXIM of the L2 ­Betti numbers b (2) p (Cn \\ A, id) is non­zero. We will prove an analogous statement of L2 ­Betti numbers. 1. Introduction Let X be any topological space and : 1(X) a homomorphism

Leidy, Constance

174

REGULAR ARTICLE The Sunk-cost Effect as an Optimal Rate-maximizing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

REGULAR ARTICLE The Sunk-cost Effect as an Optimal Rate-maximizing Behavior Theodore P. Pavlic, but it also explains apparently irrational behaviors like the sunk-cost effect. When a forager is sure to foraging theoretic explanations of the sunk-cost effect (Arkes and Blumer 1985; Arkes and Ayton 1999

175

Short-Term Throughput Maximization for Battery Limited Energy Harvesting Nodes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for energy recharge. Under the assumption of an increasing concave power-rate relationship, the short completion time of a given amount of data were found for an energy harvesting node under the assumptionShort-Term Throughput Maximization for Battery Limited Energy Harvesting Nodes Kaya Tutuncuoglu

Yener, Aylin

176

Industrial Implementation of a Coordinator MPC for Maximizing Throughput at a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

offshore fields. This set high demands, not only to the plant efficiency and its regularity, but alsoIndustrial Implementation of a Coordinator MPC for Maximizing Throughput at a Large-Scale Gas Plant°arstø gas plant is described. The "coordinator MPC" coordinates the flows through the network

Skogestad, Sigurd

177

Distributed Algorithms for Lifetime Maximization in Sensor Networks via Min-Max  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the network and edges between nodes within maximum transmission range. Although the problem can in principle.lastname@tkk.fi Abstract We consider the problem of static transmission-power assignment for lifetime maximization to forward the collected data, at what intervals, transmission power levels, etc. One important goal

Orponen, Pekka

178

Ordered Arrays of Dual-Diameter Nanopillars for Maximized Optical Absorption  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ordered Arrays of Dual-Diameter Nanopillars for Maximized Optical Absorption Zhiyong Fan,,,§ Rehan control to achieve the optimal absorption efficiency. Increasing the Ge materials filling ratio is shown a strong diameter dependency. To enhance the broad band optical absorption efficiency, a novel dual

Javey, Ali

179

Maximizing Throughput of UAV-Relaying Networks with the Load-Carry-and-Deliver Paradigm  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

act as relays between ground stations that could not otherwise communicate due to distanceMaximizing Throughput of UAV-Relaying Networks with the Load-Carry-and-Deliver Paradigm Chen Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) to relay messages between two distant ground nodes. For delay

Kung, H. T.

180

Profit Maximization of a Power Plant Martin Kragelund, John Leth, Rafal Wisniewski, and Ulf Jonsson  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

consisting of wind energy and hydropower. Also in this work, the demand for balancing power production in Norway is considered by maximizing the profit of a hydro plant such that the production Plug and Play Process Control and Hybrid Systems. The authors would like to thank DONG Energy

Hansen, René Rydhof

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "maximally exposed individual" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Periodic Finite-Type Shift Spaces Marie-Pierre Beal, Member, IEEE, Maxime Crochemore, Member, IEEE,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Periodic Finite-Type Shift Spaces Marie-Pierre B´eal, Member, IEEE, Maxime Crochemore, Member, IEEE are the c-charge con- strained codes over the bipolar alphabet {±1}. Here, the code M.-P. B´eal and M-mail: {beal,mac}@univ- mlv.fr). B. E. Moision was with the Mathematical Sciences Research Center, Lucent

Siegel, Paul H.

182

Private Citizens/Individuals Written Comments | A  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Citizens/Individuals Written Comments | A Citizens/Individuals Written Comments | A 74BPrivate Citizen/Individual's Written Comments Private Citizens/Individuals Written Comments | 1 While anecdotal suggestions of health effects from wind turbine sound can be found online, No evidence exists regarding direct negative health effects associated with wind turbine sound in any peer reviewed, scientific papers or studies. Impacts to birds and bats are disclosed in Section 4.4.5.11-Migratory Birds - Direct and Indirect Effects by Alternative and 4.4.5.8-Bats - Direct and Indirect Effects by Alternative, respectively. Impacts to Birds and Bats will be minimized by MM-BIO-5 Bird and Bat Conservation Strategy. Additionally, refer to Appendix B-4: Bird and Bat Conservation Strategy (formerly known as the Avian and Bat

183

Inhibiting Individual Notch Receptors Improves Treatment  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Inhibiting Individual Notch Inhibiting Individual Notch Receptors Improves Treatment Inhibiting Individual Notch Receptors Improves Treatment Print Wednesday, 27 July 2011 00:00 Notch receptors constitute a family of evolutionarily conserved transmembrane proteins that function as conduits for cell communication, regulating cell fate and growth. Aberrant activation of any of the four human Notch receptors has been linked to diseases, particularly cancer, making the Notch pathway a compelling target for new drug studies. A research team from Bay Area companies Genentech and Exelixis has synthesized highly specialized antibody inhibitors that specifically inhibit only Notch1 or Notch2, acting through a potent and novel mechanism of Notch inhibition. These antibodies, characterized at ALS Beamline 5.0.2, could provide the tools to therapeutically target individual Notch receptors, avoiding the intestinal toxicity ascribed to treatment with more than one, or a pan-Notch, inhibitor.

184

INDIVIDUAL DISCIPLINES: HUMAN RESOURCES DIVISION MARKETING  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

INDIVIDUAL DISCIPLINES: HUMAN RESOURCES DIVISION MARKETING AND RECRUITMENT CAMPAIGN STAFF .:|:. Client: Y. Mankin, Computing Sciences #12;DESIGN MAIN MENU 1 2 344 4 5WEBSITES Joint BioEnergy Institute

185

Disaster case management and individuals with disabilities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

or purchase furniture when they did transition to more permanent housing. Individuals with disabilities were more likely to have medical needs, which affected their ability to travel to service agencies or obtain employment. Case management with the survivors...Disaster Case Management and Individuals With Disabilities Laura M. Stough and Amy N. Sharp Texas A&M University Curt Decker and Nachama Wilker National Disability Rights Network, Washington, DC Purpose: To examine the case management and disaster...

Stough, Laura

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

X-ray Holograms Expose Secret Magnetism | Advanced Photon Source  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

How Dissolved Metal Ions Interact in Solution How Dissolved Metal Ions Interact in Solution One Giant Leap for Radiation Biology? What's in the Cage Matters in Iron Antimonide Thermoelectric Materials Novel Experiments on Cement Yield Concrete Results Watching a Glycine Riboswitch "Switch" Science Highlights Archives: 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010 2009 | 2008 | 2007 | 2006 2005 | 2004 | 2003 | 2002 2001 | 2000 | 1998 | Subscribe to APS Science Highlights rss feed X-ray Holograms Expose Secret Magnetism MAY 11, 2007 Bookmark and Share By observing changes in coherent x-ray speckle pattern, such as the one shown above, researchers are able for the first time to investigate nanoscale dynamics of antiferromagnetic domain walls, and observe a cross over from classical to quantum behavior. (Credit: O. Shpyrko)

187

Fish exposed to BP oil spill 'swim slower' Study finds the speed of mahi-mahi exposed to BP's Gulf of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Mexico oil spill has fallen 37pc The 87-day-long spill dumped an estimated 4.9m barrels of oil of oil into the Gulf of Mexico. Researchers said they used oil concentrations similar to those measuredFish exposed to BP oil spill 'swim slower' Study finds the speed of mahi-mahi exposed to BP's Gulf

Grosell, Martin

188

Utility Maximization for Resolving Throughput/Reliability Trade-offs in an Unreliable Network with Multipath Routing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Utility Maximization for Resolving Throughput/Reliability Trade-offs in an Unreliable Network can be characterized by some utility function, the goal of balancing competing requirements for each user as well as across different users is to maximize the aggregate utility. The framework assumes

189

Inhibiting Individual Notch Receptors Improves Treatment  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Inhibiting Individual Notch Receptors Improves Treatment Print Inhibiting Individual Notch Receptors Improves Treatment Print Notch receptors constitute a family of evolutionarily conserved transmembrane proteins that function as conduits for cell communication, regulating cell fate and growth. Aberrant activation of any of the four human Notch receptors has been linked to diseases, particularly cancer, making the Notch pathway a compelling target for new drug studies. A research team from Bay Area companies Genentech and Exelixis has synthesized highly specialized antibody inhibitors that specifically inhibit only Notch1 or Notch2, acting through a potent and novel mechanism of Notch inhibition. These antibodies, characterized at ALS Beamline 5.0.2, could provide the tools to therapeutically target individual Notch receptors, avoiding the intestinal toxicity ascribed to treatment with more than one, or a pan-Notch, inhibitor.

190

Inhibiting Individual Notch Receptors Improves Treatment  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Inhibiting Individual Notch Receptors Improves Treatment Print Inhibiting Individual Notch Receptors Improves Treatment Print Notch receptors constitute a family of evolutionarily conserved transmembrane proteins that function as conduits for cell communication, regulating cell fate and growth. Aberrant activation of any of the four human Notch receptors has been linked to diseases, particularly cancer, making the Notch pathway a compelling target for new drug studies. A research team from Bay Area companies Genentech and Exelixis has synthesized highly specialized antibody inhibitors that specifically inhibit only Notch1 or Notch2, acting through a potent and novel mechanism of Notch inhibition. These antibodies, characterized at ALS Beamline 5.0.2, could provide the tools to therapeutically target individual Notch receptors, avoiding the intestinal toxicity ascribed to treatment with more than one, or a pan-Notch, inhibitor.

191

Inhibiting Individual Notch Receptors Improves Treatment  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Inhibiting Individual Notch Receptors Improves Treatment Print Inhibiting Individual Notch Receptors Improves Treatment Print Notch receptors constitute a family of evolutionarily conserved transmembrane proteins that function as conduits for cell communication, regulating cell fate and growth. Aberrant activation of any of the four human Notch receptors has been linked to diseases, particularly cancer, making the Notch pathway a compelling target for new drug studies. A research team from Bay Area companies Genentech and Exelixis has synthesized highly specialized antibody inhibitors that specifically inhibit only Notch1 or Notch2, acting through a potent and novel mechanism of Notch inhibition. These antibodies, characterized at ALS Beamline 5.0.2, could provide the tools to therapeutically target individual Notch receptors, avoiding the intestinal toxicity ascribed to treatment with more than one, or a pan-Notch, inhibitor.

192

Synthesis of maximally entangled mixed states and disentanglement in coupled Josephson charge qubits  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We analyze a controllable generation of maximally entangled mixed states of a circuit containing two-coupled superconducting charge qubits. Each qubit is based on a Cooper pair box connected to a reservoir electrode through a Josephson junction. Illustrative variational calculations were performed to demonstrate the effect on the two-qubits entanglement. At sufficiently deviation between the Josephson energies of the qubits and/or strong coupling regime, maximally entangled mixed states at certain instances of time is synthesized. We show that entanglement has an interesting subsequent time evolution, including the sudden death effect. This enables us to completely characterize the phenomenon of entanglement sharing in the coupling of two superconducting charge qubits, a system of both theoretical and experimental interest.

Mahmoud Abdel-Aty

2008-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

193

RADIOLYTIC GAS PRODUCTION RATES OF POLYMERS EXPOSED TO TRITIUM GAS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Data from previous reports on studies of polymers exposed to tritium gas is further analyzed to estimate rates of radiolytic gas production. Also, graphs of gas release during tritium exposure from ultrahigh molecular weight polyethylene (UHMW-PE), polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE, a trade name is Teflon®), and Vespel® polyimide are re-plotted as moles of gas as a function of time, which is consistent with a later study of tritium effects on various formulations of the elastomer ethylene-propylene-diene monomer (EPDM). These gas production rate estimates may be useful while considering using these polymers in tritium processing systems. These rates are valid at least for the longest exposure times for each material, two years for UHMW-PE, PTFE, and Vespel®, and fourteen months for filled and unfilled EPDM. Note that the production “rate” for Vespel® is a quantity of H{sub 2} produced during a single exposure to tritium, independent of length of time. The larger production rate per unit mass for unfilled EPDM results from the lack of filler- the carbon black in filled EPDM does not produce H{sub 2} or HT. This is one aspect of how inert fillers reduce the effects of ionizing radiation on polymers.

Clark, E.

2013-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

194

Almost Maximal Lepton Mixing with Large T Violation in Neutrino Oscillations and Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We point out two simple but instructive possibilities to construct the charged lepton and neutrino mass matrices, from which the nearly bi-maximal neutrino mixing with large T violation can naturally emerge. The two lepton mixing scenarios are compatible very well with current experimental data on solar and atmospheric neutrino oscillations, and one of them may lead to an observable T-violating asymmetry between \

Zhi-zhong Xing

2001-07-02T23:59:59.000Z

195

Computing a Maximal Depth Point in the Plane Stefan Langerman # William Steiger +  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

], [7],[10],[11]. One of the more familiar ones was proposed by John Tukey [12], a natural extension to d > 1 of the notion in (1). Given a set S = {P 1 , . . . , Pn} of n points in R d , the Tukey depth is a point µ of maximal depth, and we write # # = #(S) for the Tukey depth of a median. For integer k > 0 let

Langerman, Stefan

196

Approximation Algorithms for Online Weighted Rank Function Maximization under Matroid Constraints  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Consider the following online version of the submodular maximization problem under a matroid constraint: We are given a set of elements over which a matroid is defined. The goal is to incrementally choose a subset that remains independent in the matroid over time. At each time, a new weighted rank function of a different matroid (one per time) over the same elements is presented; the algorithm can add a few elements to the incrementally constructed set, and reaps a reward equal to the value of the new weighted rank function on the current set. The goal of the algorithm as it builds this independent set online is to maximize the sum of these (weighted rank) rewards. As in regular online analysis, we compare the rewards of our online algorithm to that of an offline optimum, namely a single independent set of the matroid that maximizes the sum of the weighted rank rewards that arrive over time. This problem is a natural extension of two well-studied streams of earlier work: the first is on online set cover algor...

Buchbinder, Niv; Naor,; Ravi, R; Singh, Mohit

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Controlled Placement of Individual Carbon Nanotubes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Controlled Placement of Individual Carbon Nanotubes Xue Ming Henry Huang, Robert Caldwell, Limin and the technology of carbon nanotubes is the controlled assembly of devices. Here, we report a technique that allows us to place a nanotube with the desired properties in a predetermined location by direct mechanical

Hone, James

198

Hippocampal phosphoproteomics of F344 rats exposed to 1-bromopropane  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract 1-Bromopropane (1-BP) is neurotoxic in both experimental animals and human. To identify phosphorylated modification on the unrecognized post-translational modifications of proteins and investigate their role in 1-BP-induced neurotoxicity, changes in hippocampal phosphoprotein expression levels were analyzed quantitatively in male F344 rats exposed to 1-BP inhalation at 0, 400, or 1000 ppm for 8 h/day for 1 or 4 weeks. Hippocampal protein extracts were analyzed qualitatively and quantitatively by Pro-Q Diamond gel staining and SYPRO Ruby staining coupled with two-dimensional difference in gel electrophoresis (2D-DIGE), respectively, as well as by matrix-assisted laser-desorption ionization time-of-flight (MALDI-TOF) mass spectrometry (MS) to identify phosphoproteins. Changes in selected proteins were further confirmed by Manganese II (Mn2 +)-Phos-tag SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE). Bax and cytochrome c protein levels were determined by western blotting. Pro-Q Diamond gel staining combined with 2D-DIGE identified 26 phosphoprotein spots (p < 0.05), and MALDI-TOF/MS identified 18 up-regulated proteins and 8 down-regulated proteins. These proteins are involved in the biological process of response to stimuli, metabolic processes, and apoptosis signaling. Changes in the expression of phosphorylated 14-3-3 ? were further confirmed by Mn2 +-Phos-tag SDS-PAGE. Western blotting showed overexpression of Bax protein in the mitochondria with down-regulation in the cytoplasm, whereas cytochrome c expression was high in the cytoplasm but low in the mitochondria after 1-BP exposure. Our results suggest that the pathogenesis of 1-BP-induced hippocampal damage involves inhibition of antiapoptosis process. Phosphoproteins identified in this study can potentially serve as biomarkers for 1-BP-induced neurotoxicity.

Zhenlie Huang; Sahoko Ichihara; Shinji Oikawa; Jie Chang; Lingyi Zhang; Shijie Hu; Hanlin Huang; Gaku Ichihara

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

E-Print Network 3.0 - adult mice exposed Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Summary: E production. Adult offspring of mice that were exposed to both A. fumigatus and diesel exhaust particles... and arterial muscularization were detected among adult...

200

E-Print Network 3.0 - aeruginosa biofilms exposed Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Collection: Chemistry 18 APPLIED AND ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY, 0099-22400004.00 0 Summary: in a Dual-Species Biofilm Exposed to Mixed...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "maximally exposed individual" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Mechanism of nonlinear biodynamic response of the human body exposed to whole-body vibration.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??When the human body is exposed to mechanical vibration, the resonance frequencies of the frequency response functions, such as apparent mass and transmissibility, decrease with… (more)

Huang, Ya

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Therapeutic Antibody Targeting of Individual Notch Receptors  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Therapeutic Antibody Targeting of Individual Notch Receptors Print Therapeutic Antibody Targeting of Individual Notch Receptors Print Notch receptors are widely expressed transmembrane proteins through which mammalian cells communicate to regulate cell fate and growth, and defects in Notch signalling are linked to many cancers. Using phage display technology, a multi-department team at Genentech has produced synthetic antibodies that act as potent and specific antagonists of Notch1 and Notch2. The cover, by Gregóire Vion of Salamander Design Studios (www.grgwr.com), depicts communication between a ligand-expressing cell (right) stimulating Notch signalling in an adjacent cell. The receptor-cell membrane expresses Notches 1 and 2 (red and blue); action of a specific antagonist means that only the blue signal is transduced to the nucleus. Article Link (PDF)

203

Skewness in individual stocks at different investment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper examines the (a)symmetry of several individual stock returns at different investment horizons: daily, weekly and monthly. While some asymmetries are observed in daily returns, they disappear almost completely in weekly and monthly returns. The explanation for this fact lies in the convergence to normality that takes place when the investment horizon increases. These features allow one to question several financial models; in particular, they question the preference for positive skewness as a factor for investments in stock markets.

Amado Peiró

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Individual Differences in Human Reliability Analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

While human reliability analysis (HRA) methods include uncertainty in quantification, the nominal model of human error in HRA typically assumes that operator performance does not vary significantly when they are given the same initiating event, indicators, procedures, and training, and that any differences in operator performance are simply aleatory (i.e., random). While this assumption generally holds true when performing routine actions, variability in operator response has been observed in multiple studies, especially in complex situations that go beyond training and procedures. As such, complexity can lead to differences in operator performance (e.g., operator understanding and decision-making). Furthermore, psychological research has shown that there are a number of known antecedents (i.e., attributable causes) that consistently contribute to observable and systematically measurable (i.e., not random) differences in behavior. This paper reviews examples of individual differences taken from operational experience and the psychological literature. The impact of these differences in human behavior and their implications for HRA are then discussed. We propose that individual differences should not be treated as aleatory, but rather as epistemic. Ultimately, by understanding the sources of individual differences, it is possible to remove some epistemic uncertainty from analyses.

Jeffrey C. Joe; Ronald L. Boring

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Maximal CP and Bounds on the Neutron Electric Dipole Moment from P and CP Breaking  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We find in theories with spontaneous P and CP violation that symmetries needed to set the tree level strong CP phase to zero can also set all non-zero tree level CP violating phases to the maximal value \\pi / 2 in the symmetry basis simultaneously explaining the smallness of \\bar{\\theta} and the largeness of the CKM CP violating phase. In these models we find the one loop lower bound \\bar{\\theta} > 10^{-11} relevant for early discovery of neutron edm d_n > 10^{-27} ecm. The lower bound relaxes to \\bar{\\theta} > 10^{-13} or d_n > 10^{-29} ecm for the case where the CP phases are non-maximal. Interestingly the spontaneous CP phase appears in the quark sector, not the Higgs sector, and is enabled by a heavy left-right symmetric vectorlike quark family with mass M. These results do not vanish in the decoupling limit of M_{H_2^+} > M \\rightarrow \\infty (where M_{H_2^+} is the mass of heavy Higgs at the parity breaking scale) and the age-old expectation that laws of nature (or its Lagrangian) are parity and matter-antimatter symmetric may be testable by the above predictions and EDM experiments, even if new physics occurs only at see-saw, GUT or Planck scales. There is also a region in parameter space with M_{H_2^+} < M where the above bounds are dampened by the factor (M_{H_2^+}/M)^2. By using flavour symmetries and texture arguments we also make predictions for the CKM phase that arises from the maximal phase on diagonalization to the physical basis. There are no axions predicted in this model.

Ravi Kuchimanchi

2012-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

206

The effects of bicuculline on cocaine self-administration in male rats developmentally exposed to lead  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: The present study examined the effects of perinatal lead-exposure on cocaine self-administration after a GABAA antagonist pre-treatment. Methods: Female rats were exposed to a regimen of 16 mg lead daily for 30 days prior to breeding with un-exposed males...

Valles, Rodrigo, Jr.

2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

207

A multibiomarker approach in juvenile turbot, Scophthalmus maximus, exposed to contaminated sediments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A multibiomarker approach in juvenile turbot, Scophthalmus maximus, exposed to contaminated in "Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 80 (2012) 45-53" DOI : 10.1016/j.ecoenv.2012.02.010 #12;Abstract Juvenile turbots were exposed in laboratory condition to a mixture of chemical contaminants associated with harbour

Boyer, Edmond

208

Water balance in rats exposed to chronic centrifugation RUDY M. ORTIZ AND CHARLES E. WADE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Water balance in rats exposed to chronic centrifugation RUDY M. ORTIZ AND CHARLES E. WADE Life; accepted in final form 22 February 2000 Ortiz, Rudy M., and Charles E. Wade. Water balance in rats exposed was conducted to determine the effects of chronic centrifugation on water bal- ance. Eight Sprague-Dawley rats

Ortiz, Rudy M.

209

Determining Individual Mineral Contributions To U(VI) Adsorption...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Individual Mineral Contributions To U(VI) Adsorption In A Contaminated Aquifer Sediment: A Fluorescence Spectroscopy Determining Individual Mineral Contributions To U(VI)...

210

Checklist for Individuals with an Abnormal BeLPT | Department...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

to assist individuals who have received an abnormal Beryllium Lymphocyte Proliferation Test. The checklist informs these individuals with the steps to take in regards to filing a...

211

File:CDPHE Industrial Individual Wastewater Discharge Permit...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Industrial Individual Wastewater Discharge Permit Application.pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage Metadata File:CDPHE Industrial Individual Wastewater...

212

Individualized audio-visual tutorial methods in undergraduate chemistry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Individualized audio-visual tutorial methods in undergraduate chemistry ... This paper discusses the application of individual audio-visual tutorial methods in teaching large undergraduate classes. ...

D. A. Humphreys

1971-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Commercialization of biomass energy projects: Outline for maximizing use of valuable tax credits and incentives  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Federal Government offers a number of incentives designed specifically to promote biomass energy. These incentives include various tax credits, deductions and exemptions, as well as direct subsidy payments and grants. Additionally, equipment manufacturers and project developers may find several other tax provisions useful, including tax incentives for exporting U.S. good and engineering services, as well as incentives for the development of new technologies. This paper outlines the available incentives, and also addresses ways to coordinate the use of tax breaks with government grants and tax-free bond financing in order to maximize benefits for biomass energy projects.

Sanderson, G.A. [Gomel and Davis, Atlanta, GA (United States)

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

214

Bring All People Together: Maximizing Diversity & Inclusion at Hallmark Cards, Inc.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and corporate Diversity & Inclusion roles to design an integrative solution that maximizes the impact of D&I on the marketplace. Background Story 1 Diversity & Inclusion (D&I) at Hallmark Over the past two decades, diversity councils and employee resource...Central.com: Diversity at Work, 2011 3. Strategy After research and commissioning a team of writers and designers to explore a more universal approach to faith and spirituality, a plan was put in place to create a program that would help guide product development...

Wimberly, Richard Buck

2012-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

215

Divergence form nonlinear nonsmooth parabolic equations with locally arbitrary growth conditions and nonlinear maximal regularity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This is a generalization of our prior work on the compact fixed point theory for the elliptic Rosseland-type equations. We obtain the maximum principle without the technical Steklov techniques. Inspired by the Rosseland equation in the conduction-radiation coupled heat transfer, we use the locally arbitrary growth conditions instead of the common global restricted growth conditions. Its physical meaning is: the absolute temperature should be positive and bounded. There exists a fixed point for the linearized map (compact and continuous in $L^2$) in a closed convex set. We also consider the nonlinear maximal regularity in Sobolev space.

Qiao-fu Zhang

2012-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

216

Nucleon matrix elements with Nf=2+1+1 maximally twisted fermions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present the first lattice calculation of nucleon matrix elements using four dynamical flavors. We use the Nf=2+1+1 maximally twisted mass formulation. The renormalization is performed non-perturbatively in the RI'-MOM scheme and results are given for the vector and axial vector operators with up to one-derivative. Our calculation of the average momentum of the unpolarized non-singlet parton distribution is presented and compared to our previous results obtained from the Nf=2 case.

Simon Dinter, Constantia Alexandrou, Martha Constantinou, Vincent Drach, Karl Jansen, Dru Renner

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

E-Print Network 3.0 - a-exposed atlantic cod Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Environmental Sciences and Ecology 39 Response of individual shoaling Atlantic cod to ocean currents on the northeast Newfoundland Shelf Summary: Response of individual...

218

The Journey as an Initiatic Experience in Maxime Du Camp's Travel Accounts  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Maxime Du Camp, a 19th century French writer and famous photographer, who is still being rediscovered nowadays, was a close friend and travelling companion of Gustave Flaubert, together with whom he made in 1849 a classic journey to the Middle East, which he illustrated in his own travel accounts. This paper will explore Du Camp's writings in terms of the significance of journey (mainly the journey to the Orient), which in the author's vision becomes an initiatic experience, a passage rite, an act of sacralization of a profane itinerary, by means of which he can return to the origins of our European culture and civilisation, to what Mircea Eliade called our ‘cosmogonical and intellectual cradle’. Travelling means for the writer appropriating a different world, it confers on him a new identity, a new status: he has the privilege of seeing and contemplating an exotic space which is for Du Camp a source of spiritual enjoyment, a space which he desires to know from inside, as an ethnologist. For this purpose he renounces the European costume, rhythm and lifestyle, choosing to live like a genuine Oriental. This article aims to illustrate that for Maxime Du Camp the journey also signifies a quest to find his own Self, an attempt to find an answer to his identitary dimension and, more importantly, to the ultimate question: what is the meaning of life?

Diana Ligia Tudor

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

The Maximal Abelian Gauge, Monopoles, and Vortices in SU(3) Lattice Gauge Theory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report on calculations of the heavy quark potential in SU(3) lattice gauge theory. Full SU(3) results are compared to three cases which involve gauge-fixing and projection. All of these start from the maximal abelian gauge (MAG), in its simplest form. The first case is abelian projection to U(1)xU(1). The second keeps only the abelian fields of monopoles in the MAG. The third involves an additional gauge-fixing to the indirect maximal center gauge (IMCG), followed by center projection to Z(3). At one gauge fixing/configuration, the string tensions calculated from MAG U(1)xU(1), MAG monopoles, and IMCG Z(3) are all less than the full SU(3) string tension. The projected string tensions further decrease, by approximately 10%, when account is taken of gauge ambiguities. Comparison is made with corresponding results for SU(2). It is emphasized that the formulation of the MAG is more subtle for SU(3) than for SU(2), and that the low string tensions may be caused by the simple MAG form used. A generalized MAG for SU(3) is formulated.

John D. Stack; William W. Tucker; Roy J. Wensley

2001-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

220

Lakatos Award Lecture Individuals and Groups in Evolutionary  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Professor, Philosophy of Science, University of Bristol Dr Jason Alexander Chair, LSE #12;Individuals versus

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "maximally exposed individual" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Max Tech Appliance Design: Potential for Maximizing U.S. Energy Savings  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Appliance Design: Potential for Maximizing U.S. Energy Savings Appliance Design: Potential for Maximizing U.S. Energy Savings through Standards Title Max Tech Appliance Design: Potential for Maximizing U.S. Energy Savings through Standards Publication Type Report LBNL Report Number LBNL-4608E Year of Publication 2011 Authors Garbesi, Karina, Louis-Benoit Desroches, Christopher A. Bolduc, Gabriel Burch, Griffin Hosseinzadeh, and Seth Saltiel Document Number LBNL-4608E Pagination 13 Date Published July 11 Publisher Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory City Berkeley Abstract This study surveyed the technical potential for efficiency improvements in 150 categories of appliances and equipment representing 33 quads of primary energy use across the US economy in 2010 and (1) documented efficient product designs, (2) identified the most promising cross-cutting strategies, and (3) ranked national energy savings potential by end use. Savings were estimated using a method modeled after US Department of Energy priority-setting reports-simplified versions of the full technical and economic analyses performed for rulemakings. This study demonstrates that large savings are possible by replacing products at the end-of-life with ultra-efficient models that use existing technology. Replacing the 50 top energy-saving end-uses (constituting 30 quads of primary energy consumption in 2010) with today's best-on-market equivalents would save ~200 quads of US primary energy over 30 years (25% of consumption anticipated there from). For the 29 products for maximum feasible savings potential could be estimated, the savings were twice as high. These results demonstrate that pushing ultra-efficient products to market could significantly escalate carbon emission reductions and is a viable strategy for sustaining large emissions reductions through standards. The results of this analysis were used by DOE for new coverage prioritization, to identify key opportunities for product prototyping and market development, and will leverage future standards rulemakings by identifying the full scope of maximum feasible technology options. High leverage products include advances lighting systems, HVAC, and televisions. High leverage technologies include electronic lighting, heat pumps, variable speed motors, and a host of controls-related technologies.

222

Dimming LEDs with Phase-Cut Dimmers: The Specifier's Process for Maximizing Success  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report reviews how phase-cut dimmers work, how LEDs differ from the incandescent lamps that the dimmers were historically designed to control, and how these differences can lead to complications when trying to dim LEDs. Compatibility between a specific LED source and a specific phase-cut dimmer is often unknown and difficult to assess, and ensuring compatibility adds complexity to the design, specification, bidding, and construction observation phases for new buildings and major remodel projects. To maximize project success, this report provides both general guidance and step-by-step procedures for designing phase-controlled LED dimming on both new and existing projects, as well as real-world examples of how to use those procedures.

Miller, Naomi J.; Poplawski, Michael E.

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Maximizing the Value of Photovoltaic Installations on Schools in California: Choosing the Best Electricity Rates  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Schools in California often have a choice between multiple electricity rate options. For schools with photovoltaic (PV) installations, choosing the right rate is essential to maximize the value of PV generation. The rate option that minimizes a school?s electricity expenses often does not remain the most economical choice after the school installs a PV system. The complex interaction between PV generation, building load, and rate structure makes determining the best rate a challenging task. This report evaluates 22 rate structures across three of California?s largest electric utilities--Pacific Gas and Electric Co. (PG&E), Southern California Edison (SCE), and San Diego Gas and Electric (SDG&E)--in order to identify common rate structure attributes that are favorable to PV installations.

Ong, S.; Denholm, P.

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Maximizing the Benefit from the D&D Technology Development Program  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Technical Assistance Technical Assistance Office level Program Planning Process development Page 1 of 2 Environmental Management Corporate HQ DOE - Complex Wide Maximizing the Benefit from the D&D Technology Development Program Challenge The Office of Deactivation and Decommissioning (D&D)/Facility Engineering (FE) is charged with reducing the technical risk and uncertainty of D&D activities across the Environmental Management (EM) Complex through the identification, development and demonstration of alternative technologies as well as through the provision of technical assistance activities such as Lessons Learned Workshops and External Technical Review Teams. There is a need to ensure an optimum balance between these different types of projects as well as to ensure that the projects funded are focused on the

225

Damages of Biological Components in Bacteria and Bacteriophages Exposed to Atmospheric Non-thermal Plasma  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Mechanism of inactivation of bio-particles exposed to dielectric barrier discharge, DBD, has been studied using E. coli and bacteriophages. States of different biological components were monitored during the cour...

Akira Mizuno; Hachiro Yasuda

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Who is Exposed to Gas Prices? How Gasoline Prices Affect Automobile Manufacturers and Dealerships  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Who is Exposed to Gas Prices? How Gasoline Prices Affect Automobile Manufacturers and Dealerships Prices Affect Automobile Manufacturers and Dealerships Abstract Many consumers are keenly aware, by contrast, we investigate how gasoline prices affect the automobile industry: manufacturers and dealerships

Rothman, Daniel

227

E-Print Network 3.0 - abattoir workers exposed Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

energization or start-up of the equipment or release... and sign on the complex lockout permit before performing any work. Each worker who may be exposed... .stanford.edu...

228

Safety First Safety AlwaysSafety Last Using abrasive wheel equipment exposes you to many  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Safety First Safety AlwaysSafety Last Using abrasive wheel equipment exposes you to many potential and strength and meet all manufacturer specifications. Abrasive Wheel Machinery and Tools Safety Tip #1

Minnesota, University of

229

Biological monitoring and surveillance results of Gulf War I veterans exposed to depleted uranium  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Objective: To relate medical surveillance outcomes to uranium biomonitoring results in a group of depleted uranium (DU)-exposed, Gulf War I veterans...Methods...: Thirty-two veterans of Gulf War ...

Melissa A. McDiarmid; Susan M. Engelhardt…

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Corrosion reaction of iron exposed to the open atmosphere in the Antarctic  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Within a cooperative program for the elaboration of a Latin American Map of Atmospheric Corrosion, weathering steel and mild steel samples were exposed to...? ions are found on the surface of the corroded samples...

J. R. Gancedo; J. F. Marco; M. Gracia; G. Joseph; R. A. Núñez

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Measurement of noise levels in the vicinity of occupationally exposed workers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MEASUREMENT OF NOISE LEVELS IN THE VICINITY OF OCCUPATIONALLY EXPOSED WORKERS A Thesis by JERRY FELTNER LAUDERDALE Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER... OF SCIENCE Nay 1976 Najor Subject: Industrial Hygiene MEASUREMENT OF NOISE LEVELS IN THE VICINITY OF OCCUPATIONALLY EXPOSED WORKERS A Thesis hy JERRY FELTNER LAUDERDALE Approved as to style and content hy: hairman Committ ) ead of Department...

Lauderdale, Jerry Feltner

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

232

The development and activity of immune spleen cells in mice exposed to hypobaric hyperoxic conditions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE DEVELOPMENT AND ACTIVITY OF IMMUNE SPLEEN CELLS IN MICE EXPOSED TO HYPOBARIC HYPEROXIC CONDITIONS A Thesis by TONY D. DAVID Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1971 Major Subject: Laboratory Animal Medicine THE DEVELOPMENT AND ACTIVITY OF IMMUNE SPLEEN CELLS IN MICE EXPOSED TO HYPOBARIC HYPEROXIC CONDITIONS A Thesis by TONY D. DAVID Approved as to style and content...

David, Tony Darwin

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

233

Ingestive and digestive capacity of peritoneal macrophages from mice exposed to hypobaric hypoxia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Perito- 2 2 neal macrophages were harvested from groups of mice at approximately 6-day intervals. These cells were allowed to attach to suitable vessels and exposed to a suspension of Serratia marcescens. After a carefully controlled ingestion period... the peritoneal macrophages had less ingestive capacity than cells derived from non-exposed mice. Fifteen days of exposure to a hypobaric hypoxic atmosphere resulted in cell population with slightly greater ingestive efficiency for the organism than controls...

Irving, George Washington

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

234

Radiation damage of polyethylene exposed in the stratosphere at an altitude of 40 km  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Low Density Polyethylene (LDPE) films were exposed at an altitude of 40 km over a 3 day NASA stratospheric balloon mission from Alice Springs, Australia. The radiation damage, oxidation and nitration in the LDPE films exposed in stratosphere were measured using ESR, FTIR and XPS spectroscopy. The results were compared with those from samples stored on the ground and exposed in a laboratory plasma. The types of free radicals, unsaturated hydrocarbon groups, oxygen-containing and nitrogen-containing groups in LDPE film exposed in the stratosphere and at the Earth's surface are different. The radiation damage in films exposed in the stratosphere are observed in the entire film due to the penetration of high energy cosmic rays through their thickness, while the radiation damage in films exposed on the ground is caused by sunlight penetrating into only a thin surface layer. A similarly thin layer of the film is damaged by exposure to plasma due to the low energy of the plasma particles. The intensity of oxidation ...

Kondyurin, Alexey; Bilek, Marcela

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Collaborative Help in Chronic Disease Management: Supporting Individualized Problems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Collaborative Help in Chronic Disease Management: Supporting Individualized Problems ABSTRACT for how diabetes patient support groups help one another find individualized strategies for managing diabetes community, and interviews, we found several help interactions that are critical in helping

Anderson, Richard

236

Maximizing the revenues of data centers in regulation market by coordinating with electric vehicles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Frequency regulation is a major market service to reduce the undesired imbalance between power supply and demand in the power market. In order to participate in the regulation market, both the supply and demand sides need to be capable of flexibly adjusting their power generation and consumption, respectively. As the scale of Internet data centers is increasing rapidly, their significant power consumption has enabled them to become an important player in the regulation market for maximized profits and thus minimized operating expenses. On the other side, Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs) have also recently been identified as a major participant in the regulation market, due to their large power demand for battery charging. In this paper, we propose a novel power management scheme that jointly leverages a data center and its employees’ \\{PHEVs\\} to (1) maximize the revenues that the data center receives from the regulation market and (2) get the \\{PHEVs\\} charged at no expense to their owners. Our scheme features a two-level hierarchical power control design. At the first level, our scheme interacts with the regulation market to provide information about the data center power consumption on an hourly basis. At the second level, the scheme decides the power budgets for the servers and UPS in the data center, as well as PHEVs, in real time, to follow the given regulation signal. In addition, we show how to leverage the thermal energy storage (TES) tanks available in many data centers to adapt the cooling power consumption for better management of the data center power demand and further increased regulation revenues. We evaluate the proposed scheme with real-world workload and regulation traces. The results show that our scheme performs a high-quality regulation service. As a result, the proposed scheme outperforms several commonly used baselines by having higher regulation revenues, and so lower operating expenses, for the data center. Finally, we analyze the cost savings of the PHEV owners, throughout the lifetime of the PHEVs, by getting their batteries charged at no expense.

Marco Brocanelli; Sen Li; Xiaorui Wang; Wei Zhang

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

THE CONTRIBUTION OF MODERN MEDICAL IMAGING TECHNOLOGY TO RADIATION HEALTH EFFECTS IN EXPOSED POPULATIONS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that no avoidable risk is acceptable, and that acceptabilitylevel at which the risk is acceptable both to the individual

Fabrikant, J.I.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Global transcriptional analysis of short-term hepatic stress responses in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) exposed to depleted uranium  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Potential environmental hazards of radionuclides are often studied at the individual level. Sufficient toxicogenomics data at the molecular/cellular level for understanding the effects and modes of toxic action (MoAs) of radionuclide is still lacking. The current article introduces transcriptomic data generated from a recent ecotoxicological study, with the aims to characterize the MoAs of a metallic radionuclide, deplete uranium (DU) in an ecologically and commercially important fish species, Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). Salmon were exposed to three concentrations (0.25, 0.5 and 1.0 mg/L) of DU for 48 h. Short-term global transcriptional responses were studied using Agilent custom-designed high density 60,000-feature (60 k) salmonid oligonucleotide microarrays (oligoarray). The microarray datasets deposited at Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO ID: GSE58824) were associated with a recently published study by Song et al. (2014) in BMC Genomics. The authors describe the experimental data herein to build a platform for better understanding the toxic mechanisms and ecological hazard of radionuclides such as DU in fish.

You Song; Brit Salbu; Hans-Christian Teien; Lene Sørlie Heier; Bjørn Olav Rosseland; Tore Høgåsen; Knut Erik Tollefsen

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Effective mineral exploration programs maximize the ben-efit of appropriate technologies in order to increase cost  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to help in the exploration process and to test the effectiveness of dif- ferent methods overEffective mineral exploration programs maximize the ben- efit of appropriate technologies in order of discovery. In other words, correct use of available tools can allow exploration programs to find more ore

Oldenburg, Douglas W.

240

PER-NODE POWER MINIMAL MULTICAST TREES WHICH MAXIMIZE THE TIME-TO-FIRST-FAILURE IN ENERGY CONSTRAINED STATIC WIRELESS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PER-NODE POWER MINIMAL MULTICAST TREES WHICH MAXIMIZE THE TIME-TO-FIRST-FAILURE IN ENERGY as the time till the first node in the network runs out of battery energy, and minimizing the total power in energy constrained static wireless networks. It is shown in [6] that simply optimizing the TTFF criterion

Arabshahi, Payman

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "maximally exposed individual" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

A REMARK ON THE HOMOTOPY EQUIVALENCE Abstract. Being a maximal compact subgroup of SLn C, SUn is  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A REMARK ON THE HOMOTOPY EQUIVALENCE SUn SLn C JUAN SOUTO Abstract. Being a maximal compact subgroup of SLn C, SUn is a deformation retract of the former group. In this note we prove that, for sufficiently large n, there is no retraction of SLn C to SUn which preserves commutativity. 1. Introduction

Souto, Juan

242

Motorcycle Maximal Safe Speed in Cornering Situation H. Slimi and D. Ichalal and H. Arioui and S. Mammar  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Motorcycle Maximal Safe Speed in Cornering Situation H. Slimi and D. Ichalal and H. Arioui and S motorcycle speed in curves. The three main actors which are the vehicle, the driver and the infrastructure the last decade. However analysis of accident statistics shows that the number of death when a motorcycle

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

243

ON-LINE THERMAL BARRIER COATING MONITORING FOR REAL-TIME FAILURE PROTECTION AND LIFE MAXIMIZATION  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Under the sponsorship of the U. S. Department of Energy's National Energy Laboratory, Siemens Westinghouse Power Corporation proposes a four year program titled, ''On-Line Thermal Barrier Coating (TBC) Monitor for Real-Time Failure Protection and Life Maximization,'' to develop, build and install the first generation of an on-line TBC monitoring system for use on land-based advanced gas turbines (AGT). Federal deregulation in electric power generation has accelerated power plant owner's demand for improved reliability availability maintainability (RAM) of the land-based advanced gas turbines. As a result, firing temperatures have been increased substantially in the advanced turbine engines, and the TBCs have been developed for maximum protection and life of all critical engine components operating at these higher temperatures. Losing TBC protection can therefore accelerate the degradation of substrate components materials and eventually lead to a premature failure of critical component and costly unscheduled power outages. This program seeks to substantially improve the operating life of high cost gas turbine components using TBC; thereby, lowering the cost of maintenance leading to lower cost of electricity. Siemens Westinghouse Power Corporation has teamed with Indigo Systems, a supplier of state-of-the-art infrared camera systems, and Wayne State University, a leading research organization in the field of infrared non-destructive examination (NDE), to complete the program.

Dennis H. LeMieux

2002-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

On-Line Thermal Barrier Coating Monitoring for Real-Time Failure Protection and Life Maximization  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Under the sponsorship of the U. S. Department of Energy's National Energy Laboratory, Siemens Power Generation, Inc proposed a four year program titled, ''On-Line Thermal Barrier Coating (TBC) Monitor for Real-Time Failure Protection and Life Maximization'', to develop, build and install the first generation of an on-line TBC monitoring system for use on land-based advanced gas turbines (AGT). Federal deregulation in electric power generation has accelerated power plant owner's demand for improved reliability availability maintainability (RAM) of the land-based advanced gas turbines. As a result, firing temperatures have been increased substantially in the advanced turbine engines, and the TBCs have been developed for maximum protection and life of all critical engine components operating at these higher temperatures. Losing TBC protection can therefore accelerate the degradation of substrate components materials and eventually lead to a premature failure of critical component and costly unscheduled power outages. This program seeks to substantially improve the operating life of high cost gas turbine components using TBC; thereby, lowering the cost of maintenance leading to lower cost of electricity. Siemens Power Generation, Inc. has teamed with Indigo Systems, a supplier of state-of-the-art infrared camera systems, and Wayne State University, a leading research organization in the field of infrared non-destructive examination (NDE), to complete the program.

Dennis H. LeMieux

2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

ON-LINE THERMAL BARRIER COATING MONITORING FOR REAL-TIME FAILURE PROTECTION AND LIFE MAXIMIZATION  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Under the sponsorship of the U. S. Department of Energy's National Energy Laboratory, Siemens Westinghouse Power Corporation proposes a four year program titled, ''On-Line Thermal Barrier Coating (TBC) Monitor for Real-Time Failure Protection and Life Maximization,'' to develop, build and install the first generation of an on-line TBC monitoring system for use on land-based advanced gas turbines (AGT). Federal deregulation in electric power generation has accelerated power plant owner's demand for improved reliability, availability, and maintainability (RAM) of the land-based advanced gas turbines. As a result, firing temperatures have been increased substantially in the advanced turbine engines, and the TBCs have been developed for maximum protection and life of all critical engine components operating at these higher temperatures. Losing TBC protection can, therefore, accelerate the degradation of substrate component materials and eventually lead to a premature failure of critical components and costly unscheduled power outages. This program seeks to substantially improve the operating life of high cost gas turbine components using TBC; thereby, lowering the cost of maintenance leading to lower cost of electricity. Siemens Westinghouse Power Corporation has teamed with Indigo Systems, a supplier of state-of-the-art infrared camera systems, and Wayne State University, a leading research organization in the field of infrared non-destructive examination (NDE), to complete the program.

Dennis H. LeMieux

2003-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

On-Line Thermal Barrier Coating Monitoring for Real-Time Failure Protection and Life Maximization  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Under the sponsorship of the U. S. Department of Energy's National Energy Laboratory, Siemens Westinghouse Power Corporation proposes a four year program titled, ''On-Line Thermal Barrier Coating (TBC) Monitor for Real-Time Failure Protection and Life Maximization'', to develop, build and install the first generation of an on-line TBC monitoring system for use on land-based advanced gas turbines (AGT). Federal deregulation in electric power generation has accelerated power plant owner's demand for improved reliability availability maintainability (RAM) of the land-based advanced gas turbines. As a result, firing temperatures have been increased substantially in the advanced turbine engines, and the TBCs have been developed for maximum protection and life of all critical engine components operating at these higher temperatures. Losing TBC protection can therefore accelerate the degradation of substrate components materials and eventually lead to a premature failure of critical component and costly unscheduled power outages. This program seeks to substantially improve the operating life of high cost gas turbine components using TBC; thereby, lowering the cost of maintenance leading to lower cost of electricity. Siemens Westinghouse Power Corporation has teamed with Indigo Systems, a supplier of state-of-the-art infrared camera systems, and Wayne State University, a leading research organization in the field of infrared non-destructive examination (NDE), to complete the program.

Dennis H. LeMieux

2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

On-Line Thermal Barrier Coating Monitoring for Real-Time Failure Protection and Life Maximization  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Under the sponsorship of the U. S. Department of Energy's National Energy Laboratory, Siemens Westinghouse Power Corporation proposes a four year program titled, ''On-Line Thermal Barrier Coating (TBC) Monitor for Real-Time Failure Protection and Life Maximization'', to develop, build and install the first generation of an on-line TBC monitoring system for use on land -based advanced gas turbines (AGT). Federal deregulation in electric power generation has accelerated power plant owner's demand for improved reliability availability maintainability (RAM) of the land-based advanced gas turbines. As a result, firing temperatures have been increased substantially in the advanced turbine engines, and the TBCs have been developed for maximum protection and life of all critical engine components operating at these higher temperatures. Losing TBC protection can therefore accelerate the degradation of substrate components materials and eventually lead to a premature failure of critical component and costly unscheduled power outages. This program seeks to substantially improve the operating life of high cost gas turbine components using TBC; thereby, lowering the cost of maintenance leading to lower cost of electricity. Siemens Westinghouse Power Corporation has teamed with Indigo Systems; a supplier of state-of-the-art infrared camera systems, and Wayne State University, a leading research organization.

Dennis H. LeMieux

2004-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

ON-LINE THERMAL BARRIER COATING MONITORING FOR REAL-TIME FAILURE PROTECTION AND LIFE MAXIMIZATION  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Under the sponsorship of the U. S. Department of Energy's National Energy Laboratory, Siemens Westinghouse Power Corporation proposes a four year program titled, ''On-Line Thermal Barrier Coating (TBC) Monitor for Real-Time Failure Protection and Life Maximization,'' to develop, build and install the first generation of an on-line TBC monitoring system for use on land-based advanced gas turbines (AGT). Federal deregulation in electric power generation has accelerated power plant owner's demand for improved reliability, availability, and maintainability (RAM) of the land-based advanced gas turbines. As a result, firing temperatures have been increased substantially in the advanced turbine engines, and the TBCs have been developed for maximum protection and life of all critical engine components operating at these higher temperatures. Losing TBC protection can, therefore, accelerate the degradation of substrate component materials and eventually lead to a premature failure of critical components and costly unscheduled power outages. This program seeks to substantially improve the operating life of high cost gas turbine components using TBC; thereby, lowering the cost of maintenance leading to lower cost of electricity. Siemens Westinghouse Power Corporation has teamed with Indigo Systems, a supplier of state-of-the-art infrared camera systems, and Wayne State University, a leading research organization in the field of infrared non-destructive examination (NDE), to complete the program.

Dennis H. LeMieux

2003-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Research needs to maximize economic producibility of the domestic oil resource  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

NIPER was contracted by the US Department of Energy Bartlesville (Okla.) Project Office (DOE/BPO) to identify research needs to increase production of the domestic oil resource, and K A Energy Consultants, Inc. was subcontracted to review EOR field projects. This report summarizes the findings of that investigation. Professional society and trade journals, DOE reports, dissertations, and patent literature were reviewed to determine the state-of-the-art of enhanced oil recovery (EOR) and drilling technologies and the constraints to wider application of these technologies. The impacts of EOR on the environment and the constraints to the application of EOR due to environmental regulations were also reviewed. A review of well documented EOR field projects showed that in addition to the technical constraints, management factors also contributed to the lower-than-predicted oil recovery in some of the projects reviewed. DOE-sponsored projects were reviewed, and the achievements by these projects and the constraints which these projects were designed to overcome were also identified. Methods of technology transfer utilized by the DOE were reviewed, and several recommendations for future technology transfer were made. Finally, several research areas were identified and recommended to maximize economic producibility of the domestic oil resource. 14 figs., 41 tabs.

Tham, M.K.; Burchfield, T.; Chung, Ting-Horng; Lorenz, P.; Bryant, R.; Sarathi, P.; Chang, Ming Ming; Jackson, S.; Tomutsa, L. (National Inst. for Petroleum and Energy Research, Bartlesville, OK (United States)); Dauben, D.L. (K and A Energy Consultants, Inc., Tulsa, OK (United States))

1991-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Finding the quantum thermoelectric with maximal efficiency and minimal entropy production at given power output  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate the nonlinear scattering theory for quantum systems with strong Seebeck and Peltier effects, and consider their use as heat-engines and refrigerators with finite power outputs. This article gives detailed derivations of the results summarized in Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 130601 (2014). It shows how to use the scattering theory to find (i) the quantum thermoelectric with maximum possible power output, and (ii) the quantum thermoelectric with maximum efficiency at given power output. The latter corresponds to a minimal entropy production at that power output. These quantities are of quantum origin since they depend on system size over electronic wavelength, and so have no analogue in classical thermodynamics. The maximal efficiency coincides with Carnot efficiency at zero power output, but decreases with increasing power output. This gives a fundamental lower bound on entropy production, which means that reversibility (in the thermodynamic sense) is impossible for finite power output. The suppression of efficiency by (nonlinear) phonon and photon effects is addressed in detail; when these effects are strong, maximum efficiency coincides with maximum power. Finally, we show in particular limits (typically without magnetic fields) that relaxation within the quantum system does not allow the system to exceed the bounds derived for relaxation-free systems, however a general proof of this remains elusive.

Robert S. Whitney

2015-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

251

Observation techniques that minimize impacts on wildlife and maximize visitor satisfaction in night-time tours  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Nocturnal observation of wildlife is a popular tourist attraction. However, there is very little research about its impact on wildlife and thus the optimal trade-off in minimizing impacts and maximizing visitor satisfaction. We first used a questionnaire-based survey to determine the characteristics of a satisfying nocturnal wildlife tour for visitors to a popular Australian rangeland tourist site. This revealed a particular interest by visitors in high-tech wildlife observation equipment such as night vision devices and bat detectors. Further satisfaction was gained from the types of wildlife viewed and the conduct of the tour. Respondents underestimated aversive effects on wildlife imposed by night-time tours. With this context, we analyzed observation methods typically employed in night-time wildlife tours. We compared the results achieved with different illumination (white vs. red vs. infrared light), watch modes (sitting at artificial watering points vs. hiking in creek beds), observation times (starting at dusk vs. 2 h past dusk) and wind speed. Abundance and species richness of the non-bat fauna and bat activity were greatest at artificial watering points directly after dusk during calm nights. A night vision device enhanced by infrared light facilitated closer observations, the viewing of undisturbed wildlife behavior and revealed more species than under white or red light. We consolidated our findings from the visitor survey and the wildlife observation research to recommend a tour design that minimizes impacts and optimizes observation outcomes when conducting night-time tours of wildlife.

Isabelle D. Wolf; David B. Croft

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Assessment of soil pollution based on total petroleum hydrocarbons and individual oil substances  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Different oil products like gasoline, diesel or heavy oils can cause soil contamination. The assessment of soils exposed to oil products can be conducted through the comparison between a measured concentration and an intervention value (IV). Several national policies include the IV based on the so called total petroleum hydrocarbons (TPH) measure. However, the TPH assessment does not indicate the individual substances that may produce contamination. The soil quality assessment can be improved by including common hazardous compounds as polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and aromatic volatile hydrocarbons like benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene and xylenes (BTEX). This study, focused on 62 samples collected from different sites throughout The Netherlands, evaluates TPH, PAH and BTEX concentrations in soils. Several indices of pollution are defined for the assessment of individual variables (TPH, PAH, B, T, E, and X) and multivariables (MV, BTEX), allowing us to group the pollutants and simplify the methodology. TPH and PAH concentrations above the IV are mainly found in medium and heavy oil products such as diesel and heavy oil. On the other hand, unacceptable BTEX concentrations are reached in soils contaminated with gasoline and kerosene. The TPH assessment suggests the need for further action to include lighter products. The application of multivariable indices allows us to include these products in the soil quality assessment without changing the IV for TPH. This work provides useful information about the soil quality assessment methodology of oil products in soils, focussing the analysis into the substances that mainly cause the risk.

J. Pinedo; R. Ibáñez; J.P.A. Lijzen; Á. Irabien

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

A method for estimating occupational radiation dose to individuals, using weekly dosimetry data  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Statistical analyses of data from epidemiologic studies of workers exposed to radiation have been based on recorded annual radiation doses. It is usually assumed that the annual dose values are known exactly, although it is generally recognized that the data contain uncertainty due to measurement error and bias. We propose the use of a probability distribution to describe an individual`s dose during a specific period of time. Statistical methods for estimating this dose distribution are developed. The methods take into account the ``measurement error`` that is produced by the dosimetry system, and the bias that was introduced by policies that lead to right censoring of small doses as zero. The method is applied to a sample of dose histories obtained from hard copy dosimetry records at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). The result of this evaluation raises serious questions about the validity of the historical personnel dosimetry data that is currently being used in low-dose studies of nuclear industry workers. In particular, it appears that there was a systematic underestimation of doses for ORNL workers. This could result in biased estimates of dose-response coefficients and their standard errors.

Mitchell, T.J.; Ostrouchov, G.; Frome, E.L.; Kerr, G.D.

1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Three-Phase Modular Cascaded H-Bridge Multilevel Inverter with Individual MPPT for Grid-Connected Photovoltaic Systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A three-phase modular cascaded H-bridge multilevel inverter for a grid-connected photovoltaic (PV) system is presented in this paper. To maximize the solar energy extraction of each PV string, an individual maximum power point tracking (MPPT) control scheme is applied, which allows the independent control of each dc-link voltage. PV mismatches may introduce unbalanced power supplied to the three-phase system. To solve this issue, a control scheme with modulation compensation is proposed. The three-phase modular cascaded multilevel inverter prototype has been built. Each H-bridge is connected to a 185 W solar panel. Simulation and experimental results are presented to validate the proposed ideas.

Xiao, Bailu [ORNL; Hang, Lijun [ORNL; Riley, Cameron [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Tolbert, Leon M [ORNL; Ozpineci, Burak [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Continual Learning Program/Individual Training Plans- No Excuses  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Continual Learning Program (CLP) currently has 4 workshops that focus on employee development. The Individual Development Plan (IDP) is one of the resources discussed in the workshops.

256

UNFCCC Individual Reviews of GHG Inventories | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Reviews of GHG Inventories Jump to: navigation, search Name UNFCCC Individual Reviews of GHG Inventories AgencyCompany Organization United Nations Framework Convention on Climate...

257

Thermal Performance of Exposed Composed Roofs in Very Hot Dry Desert Region in Egypt (Toshky)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is considered the major part of the building envelop which exposed to high thermal load due to the high solar intensity and high outdoor air temperature through summer season which reach to 6 months. In Egypt the thermal effect of roof is increased as one go...

Khalil, M. H.; Sheble, S.; Morsey, M. S.; Fakhry, S.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Methylation of Mercury by Bacteria Exposed to Dissolved, Nanoparticulate, and Microparticulate Mercuric Sulfides  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Methylation of Mercury by Bacteria Exposed to Dissolved, Nanoparticulate, and Microparticulate in the environment is partly controlled by the bioavailability of inorganic divalent mercury (Hg(II)) to anaerobic matter to form chemical species that include organic-coated mercury sulfide nanoparticles as reaction

259

MEASUREMENT OF OXYGEN CONSUMPTION AND DIFFUSION IN EXPOSED AND COVERED REACTIVE MINE TAILINGS1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MEASUREMENT OF OXYGEN CONSUMPTION AND DIFFUSION IN EXPOSED AND COVERED REACTIVE MINE TAILINGS1 the in situ oxygen diffusion and consumption in tailings. It provides measured values for the oxygen reaction rate Kr and the effective diffusion De coefficients based on oxygen consumption and diffusion tests

Aubertin, Michel

260

The remote and exposed location of Gorno Badakhshan, combined with the loss of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, it will be crucial to use a distinctly higher share of production for added value. Hydro power potential In the GBAO35 The remote and exposed location of Gorno Badakhshan, combined with the loss of coal and diesel overexploited. Enforced utilisation of the abundant hydro resources and other renewable energy sources, as well

Richner, Heinz

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "maximally exposed individual" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Elevated Trace Element Concentrations in Southern Toads, Bufo terrestris, Exposed to Coal Combustion Waste  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, and behavioral abnormalities in amphibians to coal combustion wastes (coal ash). Few studies, however, have determined trace element concentrations in amphibians exposed to coal ash. In the current study we compare high levels of selenium and may be useful bioindicators in agricultural and coal ash-impacted habitats

Hopkins, William A.

262

ELSEVIER Toxicology 113(1996) 100-105 hprt Mutation frequency among workers exposed to  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for use in the production of synthetic rubber. Currently, more than 5 million tons of BD are produced be exposed annually to BD (Fajen et al., 1990). While it is commonly used in the production of rubber-guanine phosphoribosyl transferase (hprr) mutation frequency (M,) was studied in workers at a polybutadiene rubber

California at Berkeley, University of

263

Applied Radiation and Isotopes 57 (2002) 875882 Energy response of an imaging plate exposed to  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, TN 37232-5671, USA b Ionizing Radiation Division, National Institute of Standard and Technology, 100 when exposed to ionizing radiation, store a latent image that can be read out with a red laser beta emitters such as P-32 and Sr- 90 due to the advantages of short range dose delivery and suitable

Tolk, Norman H.

264

FLUORESCENCE CHANGES IN PORPHYRIDIUM EXPOSED TO GREEN LIGHT OF DIFFERENT INTENSITY: A NEW EMISSION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FLUORESCENCE CHANGES IN PORPHYRIDIUM EXPOSED TO GREEN LIGHT OF DIFFERENT INTENSITY: A NEW EMISSION supposed to require two light reactions for the transfer of one hydrogen atom from water to carbon dioxide the existence of this second trap. With increase in intensity of green light, I,, the differential fluorescence

Govindjee

265

Bioaccumulation of perfluoroalkyl compounds in midge (Chironomus riparius) larvae exposed to sediment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to sediment Delphine Bertin1* , Benoît J.D. Ferrari1,4 , Pierre Labadie2 , Alexandre Sapin1 , Jeanne Garric1 exposed to sediments from a deposition2 sampled at a site along the Rhône River (France) downstream of an industrial site3 releasing various perfluorinated chemicals. This sediment is characterized by high4

266

Abstract B137: Cancer in population exposed to the Persian Gulf War  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Cancer in population exposed to the Persian Gulf War Alireza Mosavi-Jarrahi The...events that occurred during the Persian Gulf War made a severe impact on the...crude oil were released into the Persian Gulf from tankers and oil terminals...

Alireza Mosavi?Jarrahi

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

HiRISE observations of new impact craters exposing Martian ground ice  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ice rather than ice-cemented regolith. Although some clean ice may be produced by the impact processHiRISE observations of new impact craters exposing Martian ground ice Colin M. Dundas1 , Shane craters or clusters have been observed to excavate bright material inferred to be ice at mid

Byrne, Shane

268

Competitive oxygen-18 kinetic isotope effects expose OO bond formation in water oxidation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Competitive oxygen-18 kinetic isotope effects expose O­O bond formation in water oxidation. Roth*a Competitive oxygen kinetic isotope effects (18 O KIEs) on water oxidation initiated by ruthenium during oxygenic photo- synthesis.1 Formation of the O­O bond in molecular oxygen has been proposed

Roth, Justine P.

269

Fish Embryos Exposed to Oil From BP Spill Develop Deformities, a Study Finds  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

24, 2014 Embryos of tuna and amberjack that were exposed to crude oil collected from the Deepwater of Mexico when the disaster occurred. An explosion and fire nearly four years ago spewed roughly 4.1 million and Australia, affirmed recent studies showing that components of crude oil deformed the embryos of herring

Grosell, Martin

270

Maximizing Thermal Efficiency and Optimizing Energy Management (Fact Sheet), Thermal Test Facility (TTF), NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Maximizing Thermal Efficiency and Maximizing Thermal Efficiency and Optimizing Energy Management Scientists at this living laboratory develop optimal solutions for managing energy flows within buildings and transportation systems. The built environment is stressing the utility grid to a greater degree than ever before. Growing demand for electric vehicles, space conditioning, and plug loads presents a critical opportunity for more effective energy management and development of efficiency technologies. Researchers at the Thermal Test Facility (TTF) on the campus of the U.S. Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) in Golden, Colorado, are addressing this opportunity. Through analysis of efficient heating, ventilating, and air conditioning (HVAC) strategies, automated home energy management (AHEM), and energy storage systems,

271

Maximizing Storage Rate and Capacity and Insuring the Environmental Integrity of Carbon Dioxide Sequestration in Geological Reservoirs  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Maximizing Storage Rate and Capacity and Insuring the Environmental Maximizing Storage Rate and Capacity and Insuring the Environmental Integrity of Carbon dioxide Sequestration in Geological Reservoirs L. A. Davis Lorne.Davis@coe.ttu.edu Department of Petroleum Engineering A. L. Graham Alan.Graham@coe.ttu.edu H. W. Parker** Harry.Parker@coe.ttu.edu Department of Chemical Engineering Texas Tech University Lubbock, Texas 79409 M. S. Ingber ingber@me.unm.edu A. A. Mammoli mammoli@me.unm.edu Department of Mechanical Engineering University of New Mexico Albuquerque, New Mexico 87131 L. A. Mondy lamondy@engsci.sandia.gov Energetic and Multiphase Processes Department Sandia National Laboratories Albuquerque, New Mexico 87185-0834 Quanxin Guo quan@advantekinternational.com Ahmed Abou-Sayed a.abou-sayed@att.net

272

Biomechanical Difference between Chronic Ankle Instability Individuals and Healthy Individuals during Landing on Flat, Inverted and Combined Surfaces.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? Lateral ankle sprains most frequently occurs during sports. Individuals who experienced a first time ankle sprain had a high reoccurrence rate and residual symptoms… (more)

Liu, Xuan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Tuning the current ratio of a CPV system to maximize the energy harvesting in a particular location  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A method based on experimental data is proposed to optimize the energy harvesting of a silicone-on-glass Fresnel-lens based CPV system. It takes into account the spectral variations along the year in a particular location as well as the thermal and spectral sensitivities of the optics and solar cell. In addition different alternatives to tune the top/middle subcells current ratio in a CPV module are analyzed and their capacity to maximize the annually produced energy is quantified.

M. Victoria; S. Askins; R. Nuñez; C. Domínguez; R. Herrero; I. Antón; G. Sala; J. M. Ruíz

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

A simple test of vocal individual recognition in wild meerkats  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...research-article Animal behaviour 1001 42 14 A simple test of vocal individual recognition in wild...by designing an experimental paradigm to test for individual recognition in meerkats...physical scenarios: (i) incongruent (test) condition: the same subordinate meerkat...

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Real-time control of individual agents for crowd simulation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents a novel approach for individual agent's motion simulation in real-time virtual environments. In our model, we focus on addressing two problems: 1) the control model for local motions. We propose to represent a combination of psychological ... Keywords: Crowd simulation, Individual agents controlling, Path planning, Virtual environments

Yunbo Rao; Leiting Chen; Qihe Liu; Weiyao Lin; Yanmei Li; Jun Zhou

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Individual differences and relative advantage: the case of GSS  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Studies of the effect of individual differences on usage of information systems have yielded mixed results. This study examines the effect of individual differences on the perceived relative advantage (a concept akin to perceived usefulness) of using ... Keywords: computer anxiety, group support systems, oral communication apprehension, personal innovativeness, relative advantage, writing communication apprehension

Elena Karahanna; Manju Ahuja; Mark Srite; John Galvin

2002-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Nonlinear Optical Imaging of Individual Carbon Nanotubes with  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nonlinear Optical Imaging of Individual Carbon Nanotubes with Four-Wave-Mixing Microscopy Hyunmin ABSTRACT Dual color four-wave-mixing (FWM) microscopy is used to spatially resolve the third-order optical and experiment rather challenging. Optical exami- nation of individual SWNTs avoids the heterogeneity of ensemble

Potma, Eric Olaf

278

Alternative Strategies for Maximizing the Output of Multi-Junction Photovoltaic Panels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Multi-junction photovoltaics provide a logical method of increasing the utilization of solar power for a given area. However, their current design and fabrication methods invoke numerous material and cost complexities that limit their potential, particularly for flat panel paradigms. In this paper, three general strategies based on the electrical isolation of the internal sub-layers are described. These strategies involve current or voltage matching the sub-layers by varying of fractional absorption and areal coverage of individual cells within each sub-layer, as well as modifying their combined output using power electronics. A simplified theoretical description of these strategies is provided for pairs of junction materials that allows a more streamlined description of the requirements.

Abrams, Ze'ev R

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Iron and copper accumulation in the brain of coxsackievirus-infected mice exposed to cadmium  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Cadmium (Cd) is a potentially toxic metal widely distributed in the environment and known to cause adverse health effects in humans. During coxsackievirus infection, the concentrations of essential and nonessential trace elements (e.g., iron (Fe), copper (Cu), and Cd) change in different target organs of the infection. Fe and Cu are recognized cofactors in host defence reactions, and Fe is known to be associated with certain pathological conditions of the brain. However, whether nonessential trace elements could influence the balance of essential trace elements in the brain is unknown. In this study the brain Fe, Cu, and Cd contents were measured through inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry and their distributions determined by nuclear microscopy in the early phase (day 3) of coxsackievirus B3 (CB3) infection in nonexposed and in Cd-exposed female Balb/c mice. In CB3 infection the brain is a well-known target that has not been studied with regard to trace element balance. The brain concentration of Cu compared with that of noninfected control mice was increased by 9% (P<0.05) in infected mice not exposed to Cd and by 10% (not significant) in infected Cd-exposed mice. A similar response was seen for Fe, which in infected Cd-exposed mice, compared to noninfected control mice, tended to increase by 16%. Cu showed an even tissue distribution, whereas Fe was distributed in focal deposits. Changes in Cd concentration in the brain of infected mice were less consistent but evenly distributed. Further studies are needed to define whether the accumulation and distribution of trace elements in the brain have an impact on brain function.

Ilbaeck, N.-G. [Section of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medical Sciences, Uppsala University Hospital, S-751 85 Uppsala (Sweden) and Toxicology Division, National Food Administration, Uppsala (Sweden)]. E-mail: nils-gunnar.ilback@slv.se; Lindh, U. [Research in Metal Biology, Rudbeck Laboratory, Uppsala University, Uppsala (Sweden); Minqin, R. [Centre for Ion Beam Applications, Department of Physics, National University of Singapore (Singapore); Friman, G. [Section of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medical Sciences, Uppsala University Hospital, S-751 85 Uppsala (Sweden); Watt, F. [Centre for Ion Beam Applications, Department of Physics, National University of Singapore (Singapore)

2006-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

280

INTRODUCTION The strong link between animal energetics and individual survival  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

challenging. Here post-breeding individuals face extreme weather conditions with high wind speeds, elevated, France, 3 Department of Zoology, University of Wisconsin, 250 N. Mills Street, Madison, WI 53706, USA

Porter, Warren P.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "maximally exposed individual" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Lighting Up Individual DNA Binding Proteins with Quantum Dots  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Lighting Up Individual DNA Binding Proteins with Quantum Dots ... Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, DOE Institute for Genomics and Proteomics, and Department of Physiology, Geffen Medical School, UCLA, Los Angeles, California 90095 ...

Yuval Ebenstein; Natalie Gassman; Soohong Kim; Josh Antelman; Younggyu Kim; Sam Ho; Robin Samuel; Xavier Michalet; Shimon Weiss

2009-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

282

Organizational justice: a potential facilitator or barrier to individual creativity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

between variables found to be precursors to individual creativity, distributive justice, procedural justice, interactional justice, and creative performance in a laboratory setting utilizing undergraduate business students. Participants completed an in...

Simmons, Aneika L.

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

283

NUIN Individual Development Plans (IDP) Student Matriculation Year Advisor Date  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NUIN Individual Development Plans (IDP) Student Matriculation Year Advisor Date Progress during: Summary of Coursework Progress (The Advisor should complete this section) Student's progress in this area): #12;Summary of Research Progress (The Advisor should complete this section) Student's progress

Contractor, Anis

284

Retirement planning in individual asset–liability management  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......figures and operational approaches currently in use within...asset and liability management for individual investors...Operations Research and Management Science. New York: Springer...Operations Research and Management Science, chapter 5. New......

Giorgio Consigli; Gaetano Iaquinta; Vittorio Moriggia; Massimo di Tria; Davide Musitelli

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Anisotropic light scattering of individual sickle red blood cells  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present the anisotropic light scattering of individual red blood cells (RBCs) from a patient with sickle cell disease (SCD). To measure light scattering spectra along two independent axes of elongated-shaped sickle RBCs ...

Kim, Youngchan

286

Variability of perceptual multistability: from brain state to individual trait  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Variability of perceptual multistability: from brain state to individual trait Andreas Kleinschmidt...multistability to demonstrate that the brain constructively interprets sensory input...is related to the context of the current brain state into which the processing of external...

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

New Problem : Patch Exploitation Individual Foraging: Functional Significance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

New Problem : Patch Exploitation #12;Individual Foraging: Functional Significance Aspects of Foraging in patches (male mating behavior) General Conceptual Significance: "How much time per patch (per Currency of Fitness Deduce Predictions for Experimentation #12;Patch Exploitation with Diminishing Returns

Caraco, Thomas

288

Identifying Suitable Degradation Parameters for Individual-Based Prognostics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The ultimate goal of most prognostic systems is accurate prediction of the remaining useful life of individual systems or components based on their use and performance. Traditionally, individual-based prognostic methods use a measure of degradation to make lifetime estimates. Degradation measures may include sensed measurements, such as temperature or vibration level, or inferred measurements, such as model residuals or physics-based model predictions. Often, it is beneficial to combine several measures of degradation into a single parameter. Parameter features such as trendability, monotonicity, and prognosability can be used to compare candidate prognostic parameters to determine which is most useful for individual-based prognosis. By quantifying these features for a given parameter, the metrics can be used with any traditional optimization technique to identify an appropriate parameter. This parameter may be used with a parametric extrapolation model to make prognostic estimates for an individual unit. The proposed methods are illustrated with an application to simulated turbofan engine data.

Coble, Jamie B.; Hines, Wes

2012-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

289

Indirect suppression of photosynthesis on individual leaves by arthropod herbivory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

REVIEW Indirect suppression of photosynthesis on individual leaves by arthropod herbivory Paul D imaging tech- nologies revealed that alterations to photosynthesis and transpiration propagate of herbivory on photosynthesis, measured by gas exchange or chlorophyll fluorescence, and identifies four

DeLucia, Evan H.

290

Indirect Suppression of Photosynthesis on Individual Leaves by Arthropod Herbivory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

REVIEW Indirect Suppression of Photosynthesis on Individual Leaves by Arthropod Herbivory PAUL D tissues are unaltered, and plant photosynthesis and water balance function normally. However, recent application of thermal and fluorescent imaging technologies revealed that alterations to photosynthesis

DeLucia, Evan H.

291

Proximal renal tubular injury in rats sub-chronically exposed to low fluoride concentrations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Fluoride is usually found in groundwater at a very wide range of concentration between 0.5 and 25 ppm. At present, few studies have assessed the renal effects of fluoride at environmentally relevant concentrations. Furthermore, most of these studies have used insensitive and nonspecific biomarkers of kidney injury. The aim of this study was to use early and sensitive biomarkers to evaluate kidney injury after fluoride exposure to environmentally relevant concentrations. Recently weaned male Wistar rats were exposed to low (15 ppm) and high (50 ppm) fluoride concentrations in drinking water for a period of 40 days. At the end of the exposure period, kidney injury biomarkers were measured in urine and renal mRNA expression levels were assessed by real time RT-PCR. Our results showed that the urinary kidney injury molecule (Kim-1), clusterin (Clu), osteopontin (OPN) and heat shock protein 72 excretion rate significantly increased in the group exposed to the high fluoride concentration. Accordingly, fluoride exposure increased renal Kim-1, Clu and OPN mRNA expression levels. Moreover, there was a significant dose-dependent increase in urinary ?-2-microglobulin and cystatin-C excretion rate. Additionally, a tendency towards a dose dependent increase of tubular damage in the histopathological light microscopy findings confirmed the preferential impact of fluoride on the tubular structure. All of these changes occurred at early stages in which, the renal function was not altered. In conclusion using early and sensitive biomarkers of kidney injury, we were able to found proximal tubular alterations in rats sub-chronically exposed to fluoride. - Highlights: • Exposure to low concentrations of fluoride induced proximal tubular injury • Increase in urinary Kim-1, Clu, OPN and Hsp72 in 50 ppm fluoride-exposed group • Increase in urinary B2M and CysC in 15 and 50 ppm fluoride-exposed groups • Fluoride exposure increased renal Kim, Clu and OPN mRNA expression levels. • Fluoride increased kidney injury biomarkers at stages where eGFR was unaltered.

Cárdenas-González, Mariana C.; Del Razo, Luz M. [Departmento de Toxicología, Centro de Investigación y de Estudios Avanzados del Instituto Politécnico Nacional (CINVESTAV-IPN), México, D. F., México (Mexico); Barrera-Chimal, Jonatan [Unidad de Fisiología Molecular, Instituto de Investigaciones Biomédicas, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México and Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición Salvador Zubirán, México, D. F., México (Mexico); Jacobo-Estrada, Tania [Departmento de Toxicología, Centro de Investigación y de Estudios Avanzados del Instituto Politécnico Nacional (CINVESTAV-IPN), México, D. F., México (Mexico); López-Bayghen, Esther [Departamento de Genética y Biología Molecular, Centro de Investigación y de Estudios Avanzados del Instituto Politécnico Nacional (CINVESTAV-IPN), México, D. F., México (Mexico); and others

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Individual versus group reinforcement contingencies in a token program  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. The inappropriate talking behavior was reduced by approximately' 75$ while the turning behavior declined approximately 66$. Fortunately, these changes persisted following termination of the study. A multiple baseline design was utilized to isolate... ' was that the experimental designs utilized operant condi- tioning procedures which made behavior consequences con- tingent solely on the occurrence of target behaviors in individual 5s. Although contingency management for the specific behaviors of individuals...

Arizpe, Robert Carlot

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

293

Effect of deposits on corrosion of materials exposed in the Coal-Fired Flow Facility  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Candidate heat exchanger materials tested in the Low Mass Flow train at the Coal-Fired Flow Facility (CFFF) at Tullahoma, TN. were analyzed to evaluate their corrosion performance. Tube specimens obtained at each foot of the 14-ft-long Unbend tubes were analyzed for corrosion-scale morphologies, scale thicknesses, and internal penetration depths. Results developed on 1500- and 2000- h exposed specimens were correlated with exposure temperature. In addition, deposit materials collected at several locations in the CFFF were analyzed in detail to characterize the chemical and physical properties of the deposits and their influence on corrosion performance of tube materials.

Natesan, K.

1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Self-shielding of a plasma-exposed surface during extreme transient heat loads  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The power deposition on a tungsten surface exposed to combined pulsed/continuous high power plasma is studied. A study of the correlation between the plasma parameters and the power deposition on the surface demonstrates the effect of particle recycling in the strongly coupled regime. Upon increasing the input power to the plasma source, the energy density to the target first increases then decreases. We suggest that the sudden outgassing of hydrogen particles from the target and their subsequent ionization causes this. This back-flow of neutrals impedes the power transfer to the target, providing a shielding of the metal surface from the intense plasma flux.

Zielinski, J. J.; Meiden, H. J. van der; Morgan, T. W.; Hoen, M. H. J. 't; De Temmerman, G., E-mail: g.c.detemmerman@differ.nl [FOM Institute DIFFER, Dutch Institute for Fundamental Energy Research, Association EURATOM-FOM, Trilateral Euregio Cluster, P.O. Box 1207, 3430 BE Nieuwegein (Netherlands); Schram, D. C. [Department of Applied Physics, Eindhoven University of Technology, P.O. Box 513, 5600 MB Eindhoven (Netherlands)

2014-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

295

Chemical Hazards: Jury awards $85 million to soldiers exposed to hexavalent chromium in Iraq  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Chemical Hazards: Jury awards $85 million to soldiers exposed to hexavalent chromium in Iraq ... A jury in Portland, Ore., has ordered military contractor Kellogg Brown & Root (KBR) to pay 12 U.S. soldiers a total of $85 million in damages after finding that the firm failed to protect the troops from exposure to hexavalent chromium, a known carcinogen, when they served in Iraq. ... The Army Corps of Engineers contracted KBR to reconstruct a water treatment facility near Basra, in southern Iraq, shortly after the U.S.-led invasion in March 2003. ...

GLENN HESS

2012-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

296

Cast Stone Oxidation Front Evaluation: Preliminary Results For Samples Exposed To Moist Air  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The rate of oxidation is important to the long-term performance of reducing salt waste forms because the solubility of some contaminants, e.g., technetium, is a function of oxidation state. TcO{sub 4}{sup ?} in the salt solution is reduced to Tc(IV) and has been shown to react with ingredients in the waste form to precipitate low solubility sulfide and/or oxide phases. Upon exposure to oxygen, the compounds containing Tc(IV) oxidize to the pertechnetate ion, Tc(VII)O{sub 4}{sup ?}, which is very soluble. Consequently the rate of technetium oxidation front advancement into a monolith and the technetium leaching profile as a function of depth from an exposed surface are important to waste form performance and ground water concentration predictions. An approach for measuring contaminant oxidation rate (effective contaminant specific oxidation rate) based on leaching of select contaminants of concern is described in this report. In addition, the relationship between reduction capacity and contaminant oxidation is addressed. Chromate (Cr(VI) was used as a non-radioactive surrogate for pertechnetate, Tc(VII), in Cast Stone samples prepared with 5 M Simulant. Cast Stone spiked with pertechnetate was also prepared and tested. Depth discrete subsamples spiked with Cr were cut from Cast Stone exposed to Savannah River Site (SRS) outdoor ambient temperature fluctuations and moist air. Depth discrete subsamples spiked with Tc-99 were cut from Cast Stone exposed to laboratory ambient temperature fluctuations and moist air. Similar conditions are expected to be encountered in the Cast Stone curing container. The leachability of Cr and Tc-99 and the reduction capacities, measured by the Angus-Glasser method, were determined for each subsample as a function of depth from the exposed surface. The results obtained to date were focused on continued method development and are preliminary and apply to the sample composition and curing / exposure conditions described in this report. The Cr oxidation front (depth to which soluble Cr was detected) for the Cast Stone sample exposed for 68 days to ambient outdoor temperatures and humid air (total age of sample was 131 days) was determined to be about 35 mm below the top sample surface exposed. The Tc oxidation front, depth at which Tc was insoluble, was not determined. Interpretation of the results indicates that the oxidation front is at least 38 mm below the exposed surface. The sample used for this measurement was exposed to ambient laboratory conditions and humid air for 50 days. The total age of the sample was 98 days. Technetium appears to be more easily oxidized than Cr in the Cast Stone matrix. The oxidized forms of Tc and Cr are soluble and therefore leachable. Longer exposure times are required for both the Cr and Tc spiked samples to better interpret the rate of oxidation. Tc spiked subsamples need to be taken further from the exposed surface to better define and interpret the leachable Tc profile. Finally Tc(VII) reduction to Tc(IV) appears to occur relatively fast. Results demonstrated that about 95 percent of the Tc(VII) was reduced to Tc(IV) during the setting and very early stage setting for a Cast Stone sample cured 10 days. Additional testing at longer curing times is required to determine whether additional time is required to reduce 100 % of the Tc(VII) in Cast Stone or whether the Tc loading exceeded the ability of the waste form to reduce 100 % of the Tc(VII). Additional testing is required for samples cured for longer times. Depth discrete subsampling in a nitrogen glove box is also required to determine whether the 5 percent Tc extracted from the subsamples was the result of the sampling process which took place in air. Reduction capacity measurements (per the Angus-Glasser method) performed on depth discrete samples could not be correlated with the amount of chromium or technetium leached from the depth discrete subsamples or with the oxidation front inferred from soluble chromium and technetium (i.e., effective Cr and Tc oxidation fronts). Residual reduction capacity

Langton, C. A.; Almond, P. M.

2013-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

297

Defects of a phosphosilicate glass exposed to the 193-nm radiation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Induced absorption is measured in a hydrogen-unloaded phosphosilicate glass (PSG) in spectral ranges from 140 to 850 nm and from 1000 to 1700 nm before and after its exposure to the 193-nm radiation. It is shown that the induced-absorption bands in the range between 140 and 300 nm do not coincide with the bands observed earlier after exposing a PSG to X-rays. It is assumed that the photorefractive effect in the PSG is related to variations induced in the glass network rather than to defects responsible for the induced-absorption bands. (fiber and integrated optics)

Larionov, Yu V; Sokolov, V O; Plotnichenko, V G [Fiber Optics Research Center, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow (Russian Federation)

2007-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

298

Metal clusters with exposed and low-coordinate nitride nitrogen atoms  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The synthesis and structural characterization of a prototypic series of iron nitride clusters in which the nitrogen atoms are exposed and of low coordination number, namely four and five are described. The term nitride denotes species in which a nitrogen atom is only within bonding distance of metal atoms. The clusters prepared were (Fe/sub 4/N(CO)/sub 12//sup -/), (Fe/sub 5/N(CO)/sub 14//sup -/). The 62-electron four-iron nitrides should have butterfly structures and the 74-electron five-iron nitrides should have square-pyramidal structures. 1 figure.

Tachikawa, M. (Univ. of California, Berkeley); Stein, J.; Muetterties, E.L.; Teller, R.G.; Beno, M.A.; Gebert, E.; Williams, J.M.

1980-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

299

Hispanic Heritage Month - Honoring a Heritage and Individual Success |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Hispanic Heritage Month - Honoring a Heritage and Individual Hispanic Heritage Month - Honoring a Heritage and Individual Success Hispanic Heritage Month - Honoring a Heritage and Individual Success October 10, 2012 - 9:59am Addthis Dr. Karina Edmonds, the Department's Technology Transfer Director, speaks with Joan Michelson of Green Connections Radio about women in STEM last July. This week she is receiving a Career Achievement Award from Women of Color Magazine. Dr. Karina Edmonds, the Department's Technology Transfer Director, speaks with Joan Michelson of Green Connections Radio about women in STEM last July. This week she is receiving a Career Achievement Award from Women of Color Magazine. Dot Harris Dot Harris The Honorable Dot Harris, Director, Office of Economic Impact and Diversity Hispanic Heritage Month is celebrated from September 15 - October 15,

300

Hispanic Heritage Month - Honoring a Heritage and Individual Success |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Hispanic Heritage Month - Honoring a Heritage and Individual Hispanic Heritage Month - Honoring a Heritage and Individual Success Hispanic Heritage Month - Honoring a Heritage and Individual Success October 10, 2012 - 9:59am Addthis Dr. Karina Edmonds, the Department's Technology Transfer Director, speaks with Joan Michelson of Green Connections Radio about women in STEM last July. This week she is receiving a Career Achievement Award from Women of Color Magazine. Dr. Karina Edmonds, the Department's Technology Transfer Director, speaks with Joan Michelson of Green Connections Radio about women in STEM last July. This week she is receiving a Career Achievement Award from Women of Color Magazine. Dot Harris Dot Harris The Honorable Dot Harris, Director, Office of Economic Impact and Diversity Hispanic Heritage Month is celebrated from September 15 - October 15,

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "maximally exposed individual" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Corrosion behaviors of the exposed side and underside of low alloy weathering steel in Qingdao and Wanning for 18 months  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

For 18 months, a newly developed low alloy weathering steel has been exposed in two coastal sites (Qingdao in the north China, Wanning in the south China). The different corrosion behaviors of the exposed side and the underside of the samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), polarization curve, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and N2 adsorption approach. It was found that the samples exhibited higher corrosion rate in Wanning than that in Qingdao. The underside of the samples corrodes more seriously than the exposed side in Qingdao, whereas the result in Wanning is just the reverse. The protection performance of rust layers mainly depends on its compactness and the enrichment of Cu and Cr is a secondary causation. The different compactness of rust layers in the exposed side and the underside originates from different corrosion conditions of the two sides.

S.T. Wang; S.W. Yang; K.W. Gao; X.L. He

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Corrosion evaluation of weldments exposed in TVA and Rocketdyne AFB (Atmospheric Fluid-Bed) Combustors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A number of experimental iron-, nickel-, and cobalt-based weldment materials were exposed in TVA 20MW and Rocketdyne Atmospheric Fluid-bed Combustors at 849{degree}C for 1261 h and 871{degree}C for 1000 h, respectively. The post-exposure analyses were conducted in Argonne National Laboratory. All specimens experienced different degrees of internal oxidation/sulfidation. Among eight filler materials, Marathon 25/35R and Haynes 188 showed the least corrosion attack, which was less than 0.5 mmpy. The high nickel content in the weldment turned out to be unfavorable for the corrosion resistance in AFBC environment. The differences in the coal/bed chemistry induced different corrosion behavior in materials exposed in TVA and Rocketdyne systems. Calcium sulfate deposit on the specimens showed significant effects on the internal oxidation/sulfidation of the alloys. The results of this study would supplement the material database, in particular weldment performance, and aid in materials selection for atmospheric fluidized bed combustor applications. 10 refs., 13 figs., 4 tabs.

Wang, D.Y.; Natesan, K.

1989-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

{sub p}53-Dependent Adaptive Responses in Human Cells Exposed to Space Radiations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: It has been reported that priming irradiation or conditioning irradiation with a low dose of X-rays in the range of 0.02-0.1 Gy induces a p53-dependent adaptive response in mammalian cells. The aim of the present study was to clarify the effect of space radiations on the adaptive response. Methods and Materials: Two human lymphoblastoid cell lines were used; one cell line bears a wild-type p53 (wtp53) gene, and another cell line bears a mutated p53 (mp53) gene. The cells were frozen during transportation on the space shuttle and while in orbit in the International Space Station freezer for 133 days between November 15, 2008 and March 29, 2009. After the frozen samples were returned to Earth, the cells were cultured for 6 h and then exposed to a challenging X-ray-irradiation (2 Gy). Cellular sensitivity, apoptosis, and chromosome aberrations were scored using dye-exclusion assays, Hoechst33342 staining assays, and chromosomal banding techniques, respectively. Results: In cells exposed to space radiations, adaptive responses such as the induction of radioresistance and the depression of radiation-induced apoptosis and chromosome aberrations were observed in wtp53 cells but not in mp53 cells. Conclusion: These results have confirmed the hypothesis that p53-dependent adaptive responses are apparently induced by space radiations within a specific range of low doses. The cells exhibited this effect owing to space radiations exposure, even though the doses in space were very low.

Takahashi, Akihisa [Department of Biology, School of Medicine, Nara Medical University, Nara (Japan); Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, Ibaraki (Japan); Su Xiaoming [Department of Biology, School of Medicine, Nara Medical University, Nara (Japan); Suzuki, Hiromi [Japan Space Forum, Tokyo (Japan); Space Environmental Medicine, Kagoshima University Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Kagoshima (Japan); Omori, Katsunori [Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, Ibaraki (Japan); Seki, Masaya; Hashizume, Toko [Space Environmental Medicine, Kagoshima University Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Kagoshima (Japan); Advanced Engineering Services Company, Limited, Ibaraki (Japan); Shimazu, Toru [Japan Space Forum, Tokyo (Japan); Ishioka, Noriaki [Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, Ibaraki (Japan); Space Environmental Medicine, Kagoshima University Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Kagoshima (Japan); Iwasaki, Toshiyasu [Radiation Safety Research Center, Nuclear Technology Research Laboratory, Central Research Institute of the Electric Power Industry of Japan, Tokyo (Japan); Ohnishi, Takeo, E-mail: tohnishi@naramed-u.ac.j [Department of Radiation Oncology, School of Medicine, Nara Medical University, Nara (Japan); Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, Ibaraki (Japan)

2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

304

Alteration of cytokine profiles in mice exposed to chronic low-dose ionizing radiation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

While a high-dose of ionizing radiation is generally harmful and causes damage to living organisms, a low-dose of radiation has been shown to be beneficial in a variety of animal models. To understand the basis for the effect of low-dose radiation in vivo, we examined the cellular and immunological changes evoked in mice exposed to low-dose radiation at very low (0.7 mGy/h) and low (3.95 mGy/h) dose rate for the total dose of 0.2 and 2 Gy, respectively. Mice exposed to low-dose radiation, either at very low- or low-dose rate, demonstrated normal range of body weight and complete blood counts. Likewise, the number and percentage of peripheral lymphocyte populations, CD4+ T, CD8+ T, B, or NK cells, stayed unchanged following irradiation. Nonetheless, the sera from these mice exhibited elevated levels of IL-3, IL-4, leptin, MCP-1, MCP-5, MIP-1?, thrombopoietin, and VEGF along with slight reduction of IL-12p70, IL-13, IL-17, and IFN-?. This pattern of cytokine release suggests the stimulation of innate immunity facilitating myeloid differentiation and activation while suppressing pro-inflammatory responses and promoting differentiation of naïve T cells into T-helper 2, not T-helper 1, types. Collectively, our data highlight the subtle changes of cytokine milieu by chronic low-dose ?-radiation, which may be associated with the functional benefits observed in various experimental models.

Suk Chul Shin; Kyung-Mi Lee; Yu Mi Kang; Kwanghee Kim; Cha Soon Kim; Kwang Hee Yang; Young-Woo Jin; Chong Soon Kim; Hee Sun Kim

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Cohort and case-control analyses of workers exposed to vinyl chloride: An update  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The mortality in a cohort of workers at a vinyl chloride polymerization plant has been updated, extending the period of observation in the original study from 1974 to 1986. Workers at this plant may have been exposed to vinyl chloride monomer and/or polyvinyl chloride dust, or may have had no exposure to either substance. Seventy-six percent of the work force worked in jobs with potential exposure to vinyl chloride monomer. Among the total cohort, statistically significant excess risks were observed for liver, lung, and brain cancer. For the subcohort of workers exposed to vinyl chloride monomer, the standardized mortality ratio (SMR) for liver cancer was 333 (90% confidence interval (CI) 202 to 521). However, there were no significant excesses of either brain (SMR = 145, 90% CI 78 to 249) or lung cancer (SMR = 115, 90% CI 96 to 141). To investigate dose response, nested case-control studies for liver, brain, and lung cancer were conducted among the total cohort (including the nonexposed). For these studies there were two exposure variables, cumulative dose of vinyl chloride monomer and cumulative dose of polyvinyl chloride dust. Cumulative dose was defined as the product of level and duration of exposure. The only significant association between disease risk and cumulative dose was for liver cancer and cumulative dose of vinyl chloride monomer. Further division of the liver cancers into angiosarcoma (n = 12) and other liver cancers (n = 7), based on review of death certificates and medical records, showed that the dose response existed only for angiosarcomas.

Wu, W.A.; Steenland, K.; Brown, D.; Wells, V.; Jones, J.; Schulte, P.; Halperin, W.

1989-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Composition and protective ability of rust layer formed on weathering steel exposed to various environments  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The compositional change of rust (corrosion products) layer formed on weathering steel exposed to atmosphere with different amount of air-borne sea salt particles in Japan have been investigated by the X-ray diffraction method. The mass ratio (?/?) of crystalline ?-FeOOH to ?-FeOOH, in the rust layer formed on the weathering steel exposed in an industrial environment, increases with an increase in exposure duration. The ?/? is closely related to the corrosion rate in environments when the amount of air-borne salt is less than 0.2 mg NaCl/dm2/day (2.31 × 10?7 g NaCl/m2/s). However this is not the case in seaside environments with a higher amount of air-borne salts. The mass ratio (?/??) of crystalline ?-FeOOH to the total mass of ?-FeOOH, ?-FeOOH and Fe3O4, in the rust layer formed on the weathering steel is related to the corrosion rate even in seaside environments certainly more than 0.2 mg/dm2/day (2.31 × 10?7 g/m2/s) of air-borne salt particles. When the ?/?? is more than 1, a higher corrosion rate more than 0.01 mm/year (3.17 × 10?13 m/s) is not observed. The ?/?? is a protective ability index of rust formed on weathering steel.

T. Kamimura; S. Hara; H. Miyuki; M. Yamashita; H. Uchida

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Avoiding Fraud: Tips for Individuals Jeffrey D. Oldham  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Avoiding Fraud: Tips for Individuals Jeffrey D. Oldham 2009-10-23 Abstract Fraud is an intentional to deceive ordinary people. The types of fraud are too numerous and change too quickly to list, but we describe present categories of fraud and the common underlying elements. From the point of view

Pratt, Vaughan

308

Bioenergetics-Based Modeling of Individual PCB Congeners in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bioenergetics-Based Modeling of Individual PCB Congeners in Nestling Tree Swallows from Two 14850 A bioenergetics-based model was used to simulate the accumulation of total PCBs and 20 PCB of sediment- associated contaminants to sediment-dwelling organisms. A bioenergetics-based model was developed

McCarty, John P.

309

Absorption spectroscopy of individual single-walled carbon nanotubes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Absorption spectroscopy of individual single-walled carbon nanotubes Stéphane Berciaud,a Laurent-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) lead to heterogeneous samples containing mixtures of metallic and semiconducting species with a variety of lengths and defects. Optical detection at the single nanotube level should thus

Boyer, Edmond

310

Manipulation and Imaging of Individual Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Manipulation and Imaging of Individual Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes with an Atomic Force Microscope** By Henk W. C. Postma, Allard Sellmeijer, and Cees Dekker* Carbon nanotubes[1] have attracted-walled nanotubes,[3±5] the prototype single-walled tubes are much more difficult to study since their diameter

311

Direct Compressive Measurements of Individual Titanium Dioxide Nanotubes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Direct Compressive Measurements of Individual Titanium Dioxide Nanotubes Tolou Shokuhfar the syn- thesis of TiO2 nanotube arrays using an aqueous HF based electrolyte.5 The pH of F ion containing electrolytes was con- trolled to form nanotubes up to a few mi- crometers in length. They reported

Endres. William J.

312

Measuring Point Defect Density in Individual Carbon Nanotubes Using  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

based on defec- tive nanotubes also show improved sensitivity.7 Recently, high-energy electron and ionMeasuring Point Defect Density in Individual Carbon Nanotubes Using Polarization-Dependent X in carbon nanotubes (CNTs) dramatically alter their physical, mechani- cal, and electronic properties.1

Hitchcock, Adam P.

313

TTI model: model extracting individual's curiosity level in urban spaces  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Recommendation systems have become widespread, however these systems only determine information inputted from the customers through a browser, and cannot be used when actually moving around outside. This paper presents TTI Model, a model extracting individual's ... Keywords: Bayesian Networks, curiosity, urban experience, user analysis

Chihiro Sato; Shigeyuki Takeuchi; Takuo Imbe; Shuichi Ishibashi; Masahiko ?nami; Masa Inakage; Naohito Okude

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Modeling daily flow patterns individuals to characterize disease spread  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The effect of an individual's travels throughout a day on the spread of disease is examined using a deterministic SIR model. We determine which spatial and demographic characteristics most contribute to the disease spread and whether the progression of the disease can be slowed by appropriate vaccination of people belonging to a specific location-type.

Smallwood, J. (Jeanine); Hyman, J. M. (James M.); Mirchandani, Pitu B.

2002-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

315

Optical anisotropy in individual CdS quantum dot ensembles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The polarized microphotoluminescence (PL) spectroscopy of individual spherical and rod-shaped CdS quantum dot (QD) ensembles has been investigated. In a spherical QD ensemble, optical anisotropy was observed despite the spherical shapes of both the ensemble and individual QD components. The directions of the maximum linearly polarized PL were different for different spherical QD ensembles, and independent on the polarization direction of the excitation. However, for a fixed polarization direction of PL, the PL yield significantly varied with the polarization direction of the excitation. In a rod-shaped QD ensemble, the direction of maximum polarized PL was observed to be perpendicular to the length direction of the rod, regardless of the polarization direction of the excitation. The observed PL anisotropies in individual spherical and rod-shaped QD ensembles are explained in terms of the crystallographic orientation of the individual QD components that make up the ensemble and obey the linear polarization selection rules. A statistic model is proposed to qualitatively describe the degree of polarization based on a three-dimensional crystallographic orientation of QDs with respect to the directions of excitation and observation.

Jifa Qi, Chuanbin Mao, John M. White, and Angela M. Belcher

2003-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

316

Using Aggregate Human Genome Data for Individual Identification  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Using Aggregate Human Genome Data for Individual Identification Yue Wang, Xintao Wu, Xinghua Shi. For example, 1000 genome project [2] provides the public with free services like browsing and downloading DNA,x.shi}@uncc.edu Abstract--Data privacy in genome-wide association studies (GWAS) is a critical yet under-exploited research

Wu, Xintao

317

Health Insurance after Graduation Individual Health Insurance in California  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 April 2010 Health Insurance after Graduation Individual Health Insurance in California Kathy Gage University of California, Berkeley Student Health Insurance Office Berkeley Law Presentation Spring Semester 2010 Health Care vs. Health Insurance Health Care is... Provision of Medical Services by · Private

Kammen, Daniel M.

318

Anisotropic light scattering of individual sickle red blood cells  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Anisotropic light scattering of individual sickle red blood cells Youngchan Kim John M. Higgins blood cells (RBCs) from a patient with sickle cell disease (SCD). To measure light scattering spectra: red blood cell; sickle cell disease; light scattering; quantita- tive phase microscopy. Paper 11736L

Suresh, Subra

319

Retirement planning in individual asset–liability management  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......inflation on individual consumption and living standards...achieve a sufficient consumption stream after retirement...interest rate (moving average) 10 year Euro interest...J. M. (1998) The home account advisor: asset...Methods in Finance and Energy. Fred Hillier International......

Giorgio Consigli; Gaetano Iaquinta; Vittorio Moriggia; Massimo di Tria; Davide Musitelli

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

ORIGINAL PAPER Mating system and individual reproductive success  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ORIGINAL PAPER Mating system and individual reproductive success of sympatric anadromous and resident brook charr, Salvelinus fontinalis, under natural conditions Véronique Thériault & Louis success, estimated by the number of surviving juveniles (ages 1 and 2 years), differed between the sexes

Bernatchez, Louis

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "maximally exposed individual" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Exploring Individual Differences in Raybased Selection: Strategies and Chadwick A.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

particular interfaces faster or better than others. This work investigates individual differences as measured of these techniques require the user to develop an understanding of the interface and use it to determine which approach. Quantitative measures have been taken and reported when possible and then interpreted within

322

Johns Hopkins individualized Health Initiative Hopkins inHealth  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

;$2,593,644,000,000 #12;#12;#12;Why is U.S. health care so much more "expensive" but not more effective than in most OECD disease? #12;Older? #12;McKinsey Global Institute. 2008. Accounting for the costs of US health care: A newJohns Hopkins individualized Health Initiative Hopkins inHealth Scott L. Zeger Professor

Niebur, Ernst

323

MSc/Dip in the Psychology of Individual Differences  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. This handbook does not supersede the University Regulations, copies of which are available at the PPLS Office contained in this handbook was correct at the time of going to press, but the handbook does not form partMSc/Dip in the Psychology of Individual Differences PROGRAMME HANDBOOK 2011-2012 Psychology

Edinburgh, University of

324

The ability to identify individual bivalve mollusks in field popula-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to use hatchery-reared juveniles to supple- ment wild stocks (Beal, 1994). In the past, distinguishing), or by applying colored marks (e.g. paint dots) to the valves (Peterson and Beal, A unique shell marker in juvenile, hatchery-reared individuals of the softshell clam, Mya arenaria L. Brian F. Beal University

325

Developing a SNP panel for forensic identification of individuals  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Developing a SNP panel for forensic identification of individuals Kenneth K. Kidd a,*, Andrew J) are likely in the near future to have a fundamental role in forensics in both human identification www.elsevier.com/locate/forsciint Forensic Science International 164 (2006) 20­32 * Corresponding

Kidd, Kenneth

326

Stability of Proton and Maximally Symmetric Minimal Unification Model for Basic Forces and Building Blocks of Matter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

With the hypothesis that all independent degrees of freedom of basic building blocks should be treated equally on the same footing and correlated by a possible maximal symmetry, we arrive at an 4-dimensional space-time unification model. In this model the basic building blocks are Majorana fermions in the spinor representation of 14-dimensional quantum space-time with a gauge symmetry $G = SO(1,3)\\times SU(32)\\times U(1)_A \\times SU(3)_F$. The model leads to new physics including mirror particles of the standard model. It enables us to issue some fundamental questions that include: why our living space-time is 4-dimensional, why parity is not conserved in our world, how is the stability of proton, what is the origin of CP violation and what can be the dark matter.

Yue-Liang Wu

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Voltage/Pitch Control for Maximization and Regulation of Active/Reactive Powers in Wind Turbines with Uncertainties  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper addresses the problem of controlling a variable-speed wind turbine with a Doubly Fed Induction Generator (DFIG), modeled as an electromechanically-coupled nonlinear system with rotor voltages and blade pitch angle as its inputs, active and reactive powers as its outputs, and most of the aerodynamic and mechanical parameters as its uncertainties. Using a blend of linear and nonlinear control strategies (including feedback linearization, pole placement, uncertainty estimation, and gradient-based potential function minimization) as well as time-scale separation in the dynamics, we develop a controller that is capable of maximizing the active power in the Maximum Power Tracking (MPT) mode, regulating the active power in the Power Regulation (PR) mode, seamlessly switching between the two modes, and simultaneously adjusting the reactive power to achieve a desired power factor. The controller consists of four cascaded components, uses realistic feedback signals, and operates without knowledge of the C_p-...

Guo, Yi; Jiang, John N; Tang, Choon Yik; Ramakumar, Rama G

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Ansatz of Leptonic Mixing: The Alliance of Bi-Maximal Mixing with a Single-Angle Rotation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We introduce an ansatz of the PMNS matrix that consists of specific types of transformations. Bi-maximal mixing is taken for the neutrino masses, while a single-angle rotation in the 1-2 block is taken for the charged lepton masses. Motivated by the implications of the recent results on neutrino oscillations, $\\theta_{23}$ in the first octant and non-zero $\\theta_{13}$ are predicted by the ansatz. Three physical mixing angles are expressed in terms of a single variable, the 1-2 angle of charged leptons, so that a simple relation among the angles has been obtained: $\\tan\\theta_{13}=\\sqrt{2}(\\sin\\theta_{23}-\\sin\\theta_{12})$. It follows that a model of the inverted hierarchy that can produce the given ansatz is proposed.

Kim Siyeon

2012-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

329

Ansatz of Leptonic Mixing: The Alliance of Bi-Maximal Mixing with a Single-Angle Rotation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We introduce an ansatz of the PMNS matrix that consists of specific types of transformations. Bi-maximal mixing is taken for the neutrino masses, while a single-angle rotation in the 1-2 block is taken for the charged lepton masses. Motivated by the implications of the recent results on neutrino oscillations, $\\theta_{23}$ in the first octant and non-zero $\\theta_{13}$ are predicted by the ansatz. Three physical mixing angles are expressed in terms of a single variable, the 1-2 angle of charged leptons, so that a simple relation among the angles has been obtained: $\\tan\\theta_{13}=\\sqrt{2}(\\sin\\theta_{23}-\\sin\\theta_{12})$. It follows that a model of the inverted hierarchy that can produce the given ansatz is proposed.

Siyeon, Kim

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Program to monitor Department of Energy workers exposed to hazardous and radioactive substances  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

50 CHAPTER 42 SUBCHAPTER VI Part C 5 2733 50 CHAPTER 42 SUBCHAPTER VI Part C 5 2733 Program to monitor Department of Energy workers exposed to hazardous and radioactive substances (a) In general The Secretary shall establish and carry out a program for the identification and on-going medical evaluation of current and former Department of Energy employees who are subject to significant health risks as a result of the exposure of such employees to hazardous or radioactive substances during such empIoyment. (b) Implementation of program ( I ) The Secretary shall, with the concurrence of the Secretary of Health and Human Services, issue regulations under which the Secretary shall implement the program. Such regulations shall, to the extent practicable, provide for a process to- (A) identify the hazardous substances and radioactive substances to which

331

Program to monitor Department of Energy workers exposed to hazardous and radioactive substances  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

50 CHAPTER 42 SUBCHAPTER VI Part C 5 2733 50 CHAPTER 42 SUBCHAPTER VI Part C 5 2733 Program to monitor Department of Energy workers exposed to hazardous and radioactive substances (a) In general The Secretary shall establish and carry out a program for the identification and on-going medical evaluation of current and former Department of Energy employees who are subject to significant health risks as a result of the exposure of such employees to hazardous or radioactive substances during such empIoyment. (b) Implementation of program ( I ) The Secretary shall, with the concurrence of the Secretary of Health and Human Services, issue regulations under which the Secretary shall implement the program. Such regulations shall, to the extent practicable, provide for a process to- (A) identify the hazardous substances and radioactive substances to which

332

Formation of nanostructures at the glass-carbon surface exposed to laser radiation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An experimental technique for obtaining nanostructures in the field of high-power laser radiation at the surface of carbon materials is developed. A specific feature of this technique is the formation of liquid carbon inside the region of laser action in the sample exposed to radiation in air at a pressure of {approx}1 atm. Several types of nanostructures (quasi-domains and nanopeaks) are detected in the laser cavern and beyond the range of laser action. Mechanisms of formation of such structures are proposed. The formation of quasi-domains is related to crystallisation of the melt. The nanopeak groups are formed outside the laser action region during the deposition of hot vapours of the material escaping from this region. The dependences of the variation in morphological properties of the nanostructures on the duration of laser action and the radii of typical cavern zones on the laser radiation power are obtained. (interaction of laser radiation with matter. laser plasma)

Abramov, D V; Gerke, M N; Kucherik, A O; Kutrovskaya, S V; Prokoshev, V G; Arakelyan, S M [Vladimir State University, Vladimir (Russian Federation)

2007-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

333

Corrosion of austenitic and ferritic-martensitic steels exposed to supercritical carbon dioxide  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Supercritical carbon dioxide (S-CO{sub 2}) is a potential coolant for advanced nuclear reactors. The corrosion behavior of austenitic steels (alloys 800H and AL-6XN) and ferritic-martensitic (FM) steels (F91 and HCM12A) exposed to S-CO{sub 2} at 650 C and 20.7 MPa is presented in this work. Oxidation was identified as the primary corrosion phenomenon. Alloy 800H had oxidation resistance superior to AL-6XN. The FM steels were less corrosion resistant than the austenitic steels, which developed thick oxide scales that tended to exfoliate. Detailed microstructure characterization suggests the effect of alloying elements such as Al, Mo, Cr, and Ni on the oxidation of the steels.

Tan, Lizhen [ORNL; Anderson, Mark [University of Wisconsin, Madison; Taylor, D [Bechtel Marine Propulsion Corporation; Allen, Todd R. [University of Wisconsin, Madison

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Bioaccumulation and biological effects in the earthworm Eisenia fetida exposed to natural and depleted uranium  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The accumulations of both natural (U) and depleted (DU) uranium in the earthworms (Eisenia fetida) were studied to evaluate corresponding biological effects. Concentrations of metals in the experimental soil ranged from 1.86 to 600 mg kg?1. Five biological endpoints: mortality, animals’ weight increasing, lysosomal membrane stability by measuring the neutral red retention time (the NRRT), histological changes and genetic effects (Comet assay) were used to evaluate biological effects in the earthworms after 7 and 28 days of exposure. No effects have been observed in terms of mortality or weight reduction. Cytotoxic and genetic effects were identified at quite low U concentrations. For some of these endpoints, in particular for genetic effects, the dose (U concentration)-effect relationships have been found to be non-linear. The results have also shown a statistically significant higher level of impact on the earthworms exposed to natural U compared to depleted U.

Anna Giovanetti; Sergey Fesenko; Maria L. Cozzella; Lisbet D. Asencio; Umberto Sansone

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Vapor Corrosion Response of Low Carbon Steel Exposed to Simulated High Level Radioactive Waste  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A program to resolve the issues associated with potential vapor space corrosion and liquid/air interface corrosion in the Type III high level waste tanks is in place. The objective of the program is to develop understanding of vapor space (VSC) and liquid/air interface (LAIC) corrosion to ensure a defensible technical basis to provide accurate corrosion evaluations with regard to vapor space and liquid/air interface corrosion. The results of the FY05 experiments are presented here. The experiments are an extension of the previous research on the corrosion of tank steel exposed to simple solutions to corrosion of the steel when exposed to complex high level waste simulants. The testing suggested that decanting and the consequent residual species on the tank wall is the predominant source of surface chemistry on the tank wall. The laboratory testing has shown that at the boundary conditions of the chemistry control program for solutions greater than 1M NaNO{sub 3}{sup -}. Minor and isolated pitting is possible within crevices in the vapor space of the tanks that contain stagnant dilute solution for an extended period of time, specifically when residues are left on the tank wall during decanting. Liquid/air interfacial corrosion is possible in dilute stagnant solutions, particularly with high concentrations of chloride. The experimental results indicate that Tank 50 would be most susceptible to the potential for liquid/air interfacial corrosion or vapor space corrosion, with Tank 49 and 41 following, since these tanks are nearest to the chemistry control boundary conditions. The testing continues to show that the combination of well-inhibited solutions and mill-scale sufficiently protect against pitting in the Type III tanks.

Wiersma, B

2006-01-26T23:59:59.000Z

336

Deuterium Depth Profile in Neutron-Irradiated Tungsten Exposed to Plasma  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The effect of radiation damage has been mainly simulated using high-energy ion bombardment. The ions, however, are limited in range to only a few microns into the surface. Hence, some uncertainty remains about the increase of trapping at radiation damage produced by 14 MeV fusion neutrons, which penetrate much farther into the bulk material. With the Japan-US joint research project: Tritium, Irradiations, and Thermofluids for America and Nippon (TITAN), the tungsten samples (99.99 % pure from A.L.M.T., 6mm in diameter, 0.2mm in thickness) were irradiated to high flux neutrons at 50 C and to 0.025 dpa in the High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR) at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). Subsequently, the neutron-irradiated tungsten samples were exposed to a high-flux deuterium plasma (ion flux: 1021-1022 m-2s-1, ion fluence: 1025-1026 m-2) in the Tritium Plasma Experiment (TPE) at the Idaho National Laboratory (INL). First results of deuterium retention in neutron-irradiated tungsten exposed in TPE have been reported previously. This paper presents the latest results in our on-going work of deuterium depth profiling in neutron-irradiated tungsten via nuclear reaction analysis. The experimental data is compared with the result from non neutron-irradiated tungsten, and is analyzed with the Tritium Migration Analysis Program (TMAP) to elucidate the hydrogen isotope behavior such as retention and depth distribution in neutron-irradiated and non neutron-irradiated tungsten.

Masashi Shimada; G. Cao; Y. Hatano; T. Oda; Y. Oya; M. Hara; P. Calderoni

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Proteomic analysis of hippocampal proteins of F344 rats exposed to 1-bromopropane  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

1-Bromopropane (1-BP) is a compound used as an alternative to ozone-depleting solvents and is neurotoxic both in experimental animals and human. However, the molecular mechanisms of the neurotoxic effects of 1-BP are not well known. To identify the molecular mechanisms of 1-BP-induced neurotoxicity, we analyzed quantitatively changes in protein expression in the hippocampus of rats exposed to 1-BP. Male F344 rats were exposed to 1-BP at 0, 400, or 1000 ppm for 8 h/day for 1 or 4 weeks by inhalation. Two-dimensional difference in gel electrophoresis (2D-DIGE) combined with matrix-assisted laser-desorption ionization time-of-flight (MALDI-TOF) mass spectrometry (MS) were conducted to detect and identify protein modification. Changes in selected proteins were further confirmed by western blot. 2D-DIGE identified 26 proteins with consistently altered model (increase or decrease after both 1- and 4-week 1-BP exposures) and significant changes in their levels (p < 0.05; fold change ? ± 1.2) at least at one exposure level or more compared with the corresponding controls. Of these proteins, 19 were identified by MALDI-TOF-TOF/MS. Linear regression analysis of 1-BP exposure level identified 8 differentially expressed proteins altered in a dose-dependent manner both in 1- and 4-week exposure experiments. The identified proteins could be categorized into diverse functional classes such as nucleocytoplasmic transport, immunity and defense, energy metabolism, ubiquitination-proteasome pathway, neurotransmitter and purine metabolism. Overall, the results suggest that 1-BP-induced hippocampal damage involves oxidative stress, loss of ATP production, neurotransmitter dysfunction and inhibition of ubiquitination-proteasome system.

Zhenlie Huang; Sahoko Ichihara; Shinji Oikawa; Jie Chang; Lingyi Zhang; Masahide Takahashi; Kaviarasan Subramanian; Sahabudeen Sheik Mohideen; Yun Wang; Gaku Ichihara

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Never Again: Remembering the Holocaust, as Government and as Individuals |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Never Again: Remembering the Holocaust, as Government and as Never Again: Remembering the Holocaust, as Government and as Individuals Never Again: Remembering the Holocaust, as Government and as Individuals May 1, 2012 - 10:27am Addthis President Barack Obama and Nobel Peace Prize laureate and Holocaust survivor Elie Wiesel light candles in the Hall of Remembrance during a tour of the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum in Washington, D.C., April 23, 2012. (Official White House Photo by Pete Souza) President Barack Obama and Nobel Peace Prize laureate and Holocaust survivor Elie Wiesel light candles in the Hall of Remembrance during a tour of the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum in Washington, D.C., April 23, 2012. (Official White House Photo by Pete Souza) Last week, President Obama spoke at the United States Holocaust Memorial

339

Detecting individual gravity modes in the Sun: Chimera or reality?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Over the past 15 years, our knowledge of the interior of the Sun has tremendously progressed by the use of helioseismic measurements. However, to go further in our understanding of the solar core, we need to measure gravity (g) modes. Thanks to the high quality of the Doppler-velocity signal measured by GOLF/SoHO, it has been possible to unveil the signature of the asymptotic properties of the solar g modes, thus obtaining a hint of the rotation rate in the core. However, the quest for the detection of individual g modes is not yet over. In this work, we apply the latest theoretical developments to guide our research using GOLF velocity time series. In contrary to what was thought till now, we are maybe starting to identify individual low-frequency g modes...

Garcia, Rafael A; Eff-Darwich, A; Garrido, R; Jimenez, A; Mathis, S; Mathur, S; Moya, A; Palle, P L; Regulo, C; Salabert, D; Sato, K; Suarez, J C; Turck-Chieze, S

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Towards a detection of individual g modes in the Sun  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Since the detection of the asymptotic properties of the dipole gravity modes in the Sun, the quest to find the individual gravity modes has continued. A deeper analysis of the GOLF/SoHO data unveils the presence of a pattern of peaks that could be interpreted as individual dipole gravity modes. The computed collapsed spectrum -around these candidate modes- uncovers the presence of a quasi constant frequency splitting, in contrast with regions where no g modes are expected in which the collapsogram gives random results. Besides, the same technique applied to VIRGO/SoHO unveils some common signals between both power spectra. Thus, we can identify and characterize the modes, for example, with their central frequency and splittings. This would open the path towards new investigations to better constrain the solar core.

Garcia, R A; Eff-Darwich, A; Garrido, R; Jimenez, A; Mathis, S; Mathur, S; Moya, A; Palle, P L; Regulo, C; Salabert, D; Suarez, J C; Turck-Chieze, S

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "maximally exposed individual" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Contributions to Sustainability by Communities and Individuals: Problems and Prospects  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report examines relationships between a comprehensive set of definitions of and viewpoints on the concept of Sustainability and the abilities of communities and individuals in the United States to meet the behavioral prescriptions inherent in these definitions and viewpoints. This research is timely because sustainability is becoming a cornerstone of national and international environmental strategies designed to simultaneously achieve environmental, economic, and social goals. In the United States, many communities have adopted sustainability principles as the foundation for both their environmental protection efforts and their socioeconomic development initiatives. This research is important because it highlights serious problems communities and inviduals may have in achieving sustainability expectations, and illustrates how much work is needed to help communities and individuals overcome numerous considerable and complex constraints to sustainability.

MacGregor, D.; Tonn, B.E.

1998-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Longwave thermal infrared spectral variability in individual rocks  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A hyperspectral imaging spectrometer measuring in the longwave thermal infrared (7.6-11.6 {micro}m) with a spatial resolution less than 4 mm was used in the field to observe the variability of emissivity spectra within individual rocks. The rocks were obtained commercially, were on the order of 20 cm in size and were selected to have distinct spectral features: they include alabaster (gypsum), soapstone (steatite with talc), obsidian (volcanic glass), norite (plagioclase and orthopyroxene), and 'jasper' (silica with iron oxides). The advantages of using an imaging spectrometer to spectrally characterize these rocks are apparent. Large spectral variations were observed within individual rocks that may be attributed to roughness, surface geometry, and compositional variation. Non-imaging spectrometers would normally miss these variations as would small samples used in laboratory measurements, spatially averaged spectra can miss the optimum spectra for identification materials and spatially localized components of the rock can be obscured.

Balick, Lee K [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Gillespie, Alan [UN. WASHINGTON; French, Andrew [USDA-ARS; Danilina, Iryna [UN. WASHINGTON

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Understanding individual human mobility patterns Marta C. Gonzalez1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and the spread of biological3�5 and mobile viruses6 , our under- standing of the basic laws governing human motion remains limited owing to the lack of tools to monitor the time-resolved location of individuals is approximated by a Le�vy flight12,13 --a random walk for which step size Dr follows a power-law distribution P

344

Security of quantum key distribution with arbitrary individual imperfections  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We consider the security of the Bennett-Brassard 1984 protocol for quantum key distribution, with arbitrary individual imperfections simultaneously in the source and detectors. We provide the secure key generation rate and show that three parameters must be bounded to ensure security; the basis dependence of the source, a detector-blinding parameter, and a detector leakage parameter. The system may otherwise be completely uncharacterized and contain large losses.

Maroey, Oystein; Lydersen, Lars; Skaar, Johannes [Department of Electronics and Telecommunications, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, NO-7491 Trondheim, Norway and University Graduate Center, NO-2027 Kjeller (Norway)

2010-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

345

Compensated individually addressable array technology for human breast imaging  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method of forming broad bandwidth acoustic or microwave beams which encompass array design, array excitation, source signal preprocessing, and received signal postprocessing. This technique uses several different methods to achieve improvement over conventional array systems. These methods are: 1) individually addressable array elements; 2) digital-to-analog converters for the source signals; 3) inverse filtering from source precompensation; and 4) spectral extrapolation to expand the bandwidth of the received signals. The components of the system will be used as follows: 1) The individually addressable array allows scanning around and over an object, such as a human breast, without any moving parts. The elements of the array are broad bandwidth elements and efficient radiators, as well as detectors. 2) Digital-to-analog converters as the source signal generators allow virtually any radiated field to be created in the half-space in front of the array. 3) Preprocessing allows for corrections in the system, most notably in the response of the individual elements and in the ability to increase contrast and resolution of signal propagating through the medium under investigation. 4) Postprocessing allows the received broad bandwidth signals to be expanded in a process similar to analytic continuation. Used together, the system allows for compensation to create beams of any desired shape, control the wave fields generated to correct for medium differences, and improve contract and resolution in and through the medium.

Lewis, D. Kent (San Francisco, CA)

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Toxicity and the fractional distribution of trace metals accumulated from contaminated sediments by the clam Scrobicularia plana exposed in the laboratory and the field  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The relationship between the subcellular distribution of accumulated toxic metals into five operational fractions (subsequently combined into presumed detoxified and non-detoxified components) and toxicity in the clam Scrobicularia plana was investigated under different laboratory exposures. Clams were exposed to metal contaminated media (water and diet) and analysed for the partitioning of accumulated As, Cu and Zn into subcellular fractions. In general, metallothionein-like proteins, metal-rich granules and cellular debris in different proportions acted as main storage sites of accumulated metals in the clam soft tissues for these three metals. No significant differences were noted in the accumulation rates of As, Cu and Zn of groups of individuals with or without apparent signs of toxicity after up to 30 days of exposure to naturally contaminated sediment mixtures. There was, however, an increased proportional accumulation of Cu in the non-detoxified fraction with increased Cu accumulation rate in the clams, suggesting that the Cu uptake rate from contaminated sediments exceeded the combined rates of elimination and detoxification of Cu, with the subsequent likelihood for toxic effects in the clams.

J. Kalman; E. Bonnail-Miguel; B.D. Smith; N.R. Bury; P.S. Rainbow

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Low dose radiation hypersensitivity and clustered DNA damages in human fibroblasts exposed to low dose and dose rate protons or 137CS y-rays  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Effective radioprotection for human space travelers hinges upon understanding the individual properties of charged particles. A significant fraction of particle radiation astronauts will encounter in space exploratory missions will come from high energy protons in galactic cosmic radiation (GCR) and/or possible exposures to lower energy proton flux from solar particle events (SPEs). These potential exposures present major concerns for NASA and others, in planning and executing long term space exploratory missions. We recently reported cell survival and transformation (acquisition of anchorage-independent growth in soft agar) frequencies in apparently normal NFF-28 primary human fibroblasts exposed to 0-30 cGy of 50MeV, 100MeV (SPE-like), or 1000 MeV (GCR-like) monoenergetic protons. These were modeled after 1989 SPE energies at an SPE-like low dose-rate (LDR) of 1.65 cGy/min or high dose rate (HDR) of 33.3 cGy/min delivered at the NASA Space Radiation Laboratory (NSRL) at BNL.

Bennett P. V.; Bennett, P.V.; Keszenman, D.J.; Johnson, A.M.; Sutherland, B.M.; Wilson, P.F.

2013-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

348

Lead (Pb) in sheep exposed to mining pollution: Implications for animal and human health  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Livestock from the ancient mining area of Sierra Madrona and Alcudia Valley (Spain) is exposed to elevated levels of lead (Pb), as previous studies based on blood monitoring have revealed. Here we have studied blood, liver and muscle Pb levels in sheep in order to know if Pb exposure could represent a risk for human consumers of the meat and offal of these animals. A cross-sectional study was conducted with ?4 years old (adults) ewes from the mining area (n=46) and a control area (n=21). Blood samples were taken before the sacrifice at the slaughterhouse, and liver and muscle samples were taken thereafter. At the same time, 2–3 year old rams (subadults, n=17) were blood sampled in the mining area. Blood, liver and muscle Pb levels were higher in the mining than in the control area. Blood Pb concentration in the mining area (n= 44, mean: 6.7 ?g/dl in ewes and 10.9 ?g/dl in rams) was above background levels (>6 ?g/dl) in 73.3 percent of animals. Liver Pb concentration in 68 percent of sheep from the mining area (n=32, mean: 6.16 ?g/g dry weight, d.w.) exceeded the minimum level associated with toxic exposure (5 µg/g d.w.) and 87.5 percent of liver samples were above European Union Maximum Residue Levels (MRL) established for offal destined for human consumption (0.5 µg/g w.w.~1.4 µg/g d.w.). On the contrary, none of the muscle samples in ewes exceeded the EU MRL (0.1 µg/g w.w.~0.34 µg/g d.w.) established for meat, which may be related to the decline of blood Pb levels with age observed in the present study. These results suggest a potential health effect for sheep exposed to Pb pollution in this area and implications for food safety, but further research with lamb meat may be necessary to refine the risk assessment for human consumers.

Jennifer Pareja-Carrera; Rafael Mateo; Jaime Rodríguez-Estival

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Proteomic analysis of hippocampal proteins of F344 rats exposed to 1-bromopropane  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

1-Bromopropane (1-BP) is a compound used as an alternative to ozone-depleting solvents and is neurotoxic both in experimental animals and human. However, the molecular mechanisms of the neurotoxic effects of 1-BP are not well known. To identify the molecular mechanisms of 1-BP-induced neurotoxicity, we analyzed quantitatively changes in protein expression in the hippocampus of rats exposed to 1-BP. Male F344 rats were exposed to 1-BP at 0, 400, or 1000 ppm for 8 h/day for 1 or 4 weeks by inhalation. Two-dimensional difference in gel electrophoresis (2D-DIGE) combined with matrix-assisted laser-desorption ionization time-of-flight (MALDI-TOF) mass spectrometry (MS) were conducted to detect and identify protein modification. Changes in selected proteins were further confirmed by western blot. 2D-DIGE identified 26 proteins with consistently altered model (increase or decrease after both 1- and 4-week 1-BP exposures) and significant changes in their levels (p < 0.05; fold change {>=} {+-} 1.2) at least at one exposure level or more compared with the corresponding controls. Of these proteins, 19 were identified by MALDI-TOF-TOF/MS. Linear regression analysis of 1-BP exposure level identified 8 differentially expressed proteins altered in a dose-dependent manner both in 1- and 4-week exposure experiments. The identified proteins could be categorized into diverse functional classes such as nucleocytoplasmic transport, immunity and defense, energy metabolism, ubiquitination-proteasome pathway, neurotransmitter and purine metabolism. Overall, the results suggest that 1-BP-induced hippocampal damage involves oxidative stress, loss of ATP production, neurotransmitter dysfunction and inhibition of ubiquitination-proteasome system. -- Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer 1-BP modified hippocampal proteome in rat and 19 altered proteins were identified. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Expression of Ran, TPI, HSP60, PSMA1, ECH1, TPI, B-CK and DJ-1 was changed by 1-BP. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer 1-BP exposure might change biological processes such as nucleocytoplasmic transport.

Huang, Zhenlie [Department of Occupational and Environmental Health, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya 466-8550 (Japan) [Department of Occupational and Environmental Health, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya 466-8550 (Japan); Department of Toxicology, Guangdong Prevention and Treatment Center for Occupational Diseases, Guangzhou 510-300 (China); Ichihara, Sahoko [Graduate School of Regional Innovation Studies, Mie University, Tsu 514-8507 (Japan)] [Graduate School of Regional Innovation Studies, Mie University, Tsu 514-8507 (Japan); Oikawa, Shinji [Department of Environmental and Molecular Medicine, Mie University Graduate School of Medicine, Mie 514-8507 (Japan)] [Department of Environmental and Molecular Medicine, Mie University Graduate School of Medicine, Mie 514-8507 (Japan); Chang, Jie [Graduate School of Regional Innovation Studies, Mie University, Tsu 514-8507 (Japan)] [Graduate School of Regional Innovation Studies, Mie University, Tsu 514-8507 (Japan); Zhang, Lingyi [Department of Occupational and Environmental Health, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya 466-8550 (Japan)] [Department of Occupational and Environmental Health, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya 466-8550 (Japan); Takahashi, Masahide [Department of Pathology, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya 466-8550 (Japan)] [Department of Pathology, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya 466-8550 (Japan); Subramanian, Kaviarasan; Mohideen, Sahabudeen Sheik [Department of Occupational and Environmental Health, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya 466-8550 (Japan)] [Department of Occupational and Environmental Health, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya 466-8550 (Japan); Wang, Yun [Department of Pathology, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya 466-8550 (Japan)] [Department of Pathology, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya 466-8550 (Japan); Ichihara, Gaku, E-mail: gak@med.nagoya-u.ac.jp [Department of Occupational and Environmental Health, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya 466-8550 (Japan)] [Department of Occupational and Environmental Health, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya 466-8550 (Japan)

2011-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

350

Non-destructive imaging of an individual protein  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Imaging a single biomolecule at atomic resolution without averaging over different conformations is the ultimate goal in structural biology. We report recordings of a protein at nanometer resolution obtained from one individual ferritin by means of low-energy electron holography. One single protein could be imaged for an extended period of time without any sign of radiation damage. Since the fragile protein shell encloses a robust iron cluster, the holographic reconstructions could also be cross-validated against transmission electron microscopy images of the very same molecule by imaging its iron core.

Longchamp, J.-N.; Latychevskaia, T.; Escher, C.; Fink, H.-W. [Physics Institute, University of Zurich, Winterthurerstrasse 190, 8057 Zurich (Switzerland)

2012-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

351

Constructal multi-scale package of vertical channels with natural convection and maximal heat transfer density. CONSTRUCTAL DESIGN: THE GENERATION OF MULTI-SCALE HEAT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

transfer density. CONSTRUCTAL DESIGN: THE GENERATION OF MULTI-SCALE HEAT AND FLUID FLOW STRUCTURES-scale structures in natural convection with the objective of maximizing the heat transfer density, or the heat transfer rate per unit of volume§ . The flow volume is filled with vertical equidistant heated blades

Kihm, IconKenneth David

352

Abstract 4289: Noninvasive monitoring of blood-brain barrier permeability for antibodies by apoptosis imaging: optimization of treatment strategies for maximal brain delivery  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...4289: Noninvasive monitoring of blood-brain barrier permeability for antibodies by...optimization of treatment strategies for maximal brain delivery Thomas G. Weber 1 Julia Mathejczyk...antibodies cannot penetrate the intact blood-brain barrier (BBB) in adequate amounts to...

Thomas G. Weber; Julia Mathejczyk; Stefanie Galbán; Alnawaz Rehemtulla; Werner Scheuer

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

Rank-maximal matchings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Irving,R.W. Kavitha,T. Mehlhorn,K. Michail,D. Paluch,K. Proceedings of 15th Annual ACM-SIAM Symposium on Discrete Algorithms, New Orleans, January 2004. Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics

Irving, R.W.

354

Rank-maximal matchings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Irving,R.W. Michail,D. Mehlhorn,K. Paluch,K. Telikepalli,K. ACM Transactions on Algorithms vol. 2 no. 4 pp 491-499 ACM

Irving, R.W.

355

Maximizing the system value  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for private use is permitted without payment of royalty provided that (1) each reproduction is done without and abstract, but no other portions, of this paper may be copied or distributed royalty free without further

Melhem, Rami

356

The Theoryof Maximally Flat  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TRANSACTIONSON AUDIO AND ELECTROACOUSTICS, VOL. AU-20, NO. 3, AUGUST 1972 dynamic drag of the voice coil be made as flat as thedesigner'sconstraints permit. II. Theory Let the dc resistance of the voice coil, rl the mechanical re- sistance of the cone suspension, and SIthe suspension stiff- ness or spring

California at Berkeley, University of

357

Maximality in Function Algebras  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......compact subset of W containing Z n Y{. Let 0 be an open neighbourhood of Y, such that 0 nZ c W{. Choose fn+l,...,fmeA such that o ^ , ...,/J c T T 1 ^ ) - Let /> be an open polynomial polyhedron in Cm such that Now P = P{v P2 where i3......

P. J. de Paepe

1980-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Maximal Privacy without Coherence  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Privacy is a fundamental feature of quantum mechanics. A coherently transmitted quantum state is inherently private. Remarkably, coherent quantum communication is not a prerequisite for privacy: there are quantum channels ...

Leung, Debbie

359

Maximal Privacy without Coherence  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Privacy is a fundamental feature of quantum mechanics. A coherently transmitted quantum state is inherently private. Remarkably, coherent quantum communication is not a prerequisite for privacy: there are quantum channels that are too noisy to transmit any quantum information reliably that can nevertheless send private classical information. Here, we ask how much private classical information a channel can transmit if it has little quantum capacity. We present a class of channels Nd with input dimension d2, quantum capacity Q(Nd)?1, and private capacity P(Nd)=logd. These channels asymptotically saturate an interesting inequality P(N)?(1/2)[logdA+Q(N)] for any channel N with input dimension dA and capture the essence of privacy stripped of the confounding influence of coherence.

Debbie Leung; Ke Li; Graeme Smith; John A. Smolin

2014-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

360

Ethanol injection induced cavitation and heating in tissue exposed to high intensity focused ultrasound  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

High Intensity Focused Ultrasound (HIFU) can ablatetumors located deep in the body through highly localized energy deposition and tissue heating at the target location. The volume of a HIFU-induced thermal lesion can be increased in the presence of cavitation. This study explores the effect of ethanol injection on cavitation and heating in tissue-mimicking phantoms and bovine liver tissues exposed to HIFU. The HIFU transducer (0.825 MHz) operated at seven acoustic power levels ranging from 1.3 W to 26.8 W. The cavitation events were quantified by B-mode ultrasound imaging needle hydrophone measurements and passive cavitation detection (PCD). Temperature in or near the focal zone was measured by thermocouples embedded in the samples. The onset of inertial cavitation in ethanol-treated phantoms and bovine liver tissues occurred at a lower power level than in the untreated samples (control). The cavitation occurrence in turn resulted in a sudden rise of temperature in ethanol-treated samples at a lower acoustic power than that in control. The results of this work indicate that the use of percutaneous ethanol injection prior to HIFU exposure may improve the HIFU therapeutic efficiency.

Chong Chen; Yunbo Liu; Subha Maruvada; Matthew Myers; Damir Khismatullin

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "maximally exposed individual" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Effect of taurine on chemoshock seizure thresholds in lead-exposed animals  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The high levels of taurine found in developing brain have led to postulates that taurine is involved in brain maturation. The authors have examined the effect of taurine on the chemoshock threshold of rats reared in the presence of the environmental toxin, lead. Within 24 h of giving birth, dams were placed on one of four regimens: Group P received 0.4% lead acetate in the drinking water; Group T received 3% taurine in drinking water; Group PT received both taurine and lead acetate; and Group C received distilled water. The pups were weaned at 21 days, but maintained on the same treatments. Pentylene tetrazole seizure thresholds were determined at 42 days. Thresholds in Group P were significantly depressed relative to Group C (56.0 mg/kg v 79.9 mg/kg). Taurine supplementation had no effect on threshold (T = 72.7 mg/kg). However, thresholds in Group PT were significantly higher than those of Group P (PT = 85.2 mg/kg). These data show that whereas taurine was without effect on the threshold of animals not stressed by exposure to lead, it had a protective effect on exposed animals. As human neonates are unable to synthesize taurine, the findings reinforce the concept of taurine being a conditionally essential nutrient in developing humans.

Huxtable, R.J.; Shindo, S.; Nakagawa, K.

1986-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Quantifying mortal injury of juvenile Chinook salmon exposed to simulated hydro-turbine passage  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A proportion of juvenile Chinook salmon and other salmonids travel through one or more turbines during seaward migration in the Columbia and Snake River every year. Despite this understanding, limited information exists on how these fish respond to hydraulic pressures found during turbine passage events. In this study we exposed juvenile Chinook salmon to varied acclimation pressures and subsequent exposure pressures (nadir) to mimic the hydraulic pressures of large Kaplan turbines (ratio of pressure change). Additionally, we varied abiotic (total dissolved gas, rate of pressure change) and biotic (condition factor, fish length, fish weight) factors that may contribute to the incidence of mortal injury associated with fish passing through hydro-turbines. We determined that the main factor associated with mortal injury of juvenile Chinook salmon during simulated turbine passage was the ratio between acclimation and nadir pressures. Condition factor, total dissolved gas, and the rate of pressure change were found to only slightly increase the predictive power of equations relating probability of mortal injury to conditions of exposure or characteristics of test fish during simulated turbine passage. This research will assist engineers and fisheries managers in operating and improving hydroelectric facility efficiency while minimizing mortality and injury of turbine-passed juvenile Chinook salmon. The results are discussed in the context of turbine development and the necessity of understanding how different species of fish will respond to the hydraulic pressures of turbine passage.

Brown, Richard S.; Carlson, Thomas J.; Gingerich, Andrew J.; Stephenson, John R.; Pflugrath, Brett D.; Welch, Abigail E.; Langeslay, Mike; Ahmann, Martin L.; Johnson, Robert L.; Skalski, John R.; Seaburg, Adam; Townsend, Richard L.

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Dosimetric property of mineral extracted from calamari and exposed to gamma rays  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Dosimetric property of polymineral fraction, quartz mainly, obtained from calamari was investigated. The commercial calamari samples from China and Sud Africa were collected in the markets of Italy. All polymineral debris were extracted and isolated from the whole body of calamari. The surface of the polymineral samples was analyzed by using the Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) and their chemical composition was determined using Energy Dispersive Spectroscopy (EDS). The polymineral was exposed to gamma rays ({sup 60}Co) at different doses (0.5-80 Gy) to determine dosimetric property. Thermoluminescent (TL) glow curves showed two peaks centered at around 98-100 Degree-Sign C and 128-138 Degree-Sign C temperature range. The glow curves have been analyzed by using a deconvolution program. A linear dose response between 0.5 to 20 Gy was observed. The TL response of the samples as a function of the time storage, fading, presented a reduction of about 36-40 % at the end of 24 h. The reproducibility of the TL response after ten cycles of irradiation-readout showed an acceptable standard deviation in dosimetry. The polimineral fraction obtained from calamari shows an interesting dosimetric property and it may be useful for dosimetry in gamma radiation field.

Cruz-Zaragoza, E.; Roman-Lopez, J.; Cruz, L. Perez; Furetta, C. [Unidad de Irradiacion y Seguridad Radiologica, Instituto de Ciencias Nucleares, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, A.P. 70-543, 04510 Mexico D.F (Mexico); Chiaravalle, E.; Mangiacotti, M.; Marchesani, G. [Centro di Referenza Nazionale per la Ricerca della Radioattivita nel Settore Zootecnico-Veterinario, Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale della Puglia e della Basilicata, Via Manfredonia 20, I-71121 Foggia (Italy)

2013-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

364

The role of alumina on performance of alkali-activated slag paste exposed to 50 °C  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The strength and microstructural evolution of two alkali-activated slags, with distinct alumina content, exposed to 50 °C have been investigated. These two slags are ground-granulated blast furnace slag (containing 13% (wt.) alumina) and phosphorous slag (containing 3% (wt.) alumina). They were hydrated in the presence of a combination of sodium hydroxide and sodium silicate solution at different ratios. The microstructure of the resultant slag pastes was assessed by X-ray diffraction, differential thermogravimetric analysis, and scanning electron microscopy. The results obtained from these techniques reveal the presence of hexagonal hydrates: CAH{sub 10} and C{sub 4}AH{sub 13} in all alkali-activated ground-granulated blast-furnace slag pastes (AAGBS). These hydrates are not observed in pastes formed by alkali-activated ground phosphorous slag (AAGPS). Upon exposure to 50 °C, the aforementioned hydration products of AAGBS pastes convert to C{sub 3}AH{sub 6}, leading to a rapid deterioration in the strength of the paste. In contrast, no strength loss was detected in AAGPS pastes following exposure to 50 °C. -- Highlights: •Strength of alkali-activated slag (AAS) pastes after exposure to 50 °C is studied. •AAS pastes with high alumina content lose strength after the exposure. •C{sub 4}AH{sub 13} and CAH{sub 10} form in these AAS pastes. •Conversion of these calcium alumina hydrates is associated with the strength loss. •AAS pastes with low alumina content maintain its strength after the exposure.

Jambunathan, N. [Department of Civil Engineering, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria 3800 (Australia)] [Department of Civil Engineering, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria 3800 (Australia); Sanjayan, J.G. [Faculty of Engineering and Industrial Sciences, Swinburne University of Technology, Hawthorn, Victoria (Australia)] [Faculty of Engineering and Industrial Sciences, Swinburne University of Technology, Hawthorn, Victoria (Australia); Pan, Z., E-mail: zhu.pan@monash.edu [Department of Civil Engineering, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria 3800 (Australia); Li, G. [School of Mechanical and Chemical Engineering, The University of Western Australia, Crawley, WA 6009 (Australia)] [School of Mechanical and Chemical Engineering, The University of Western Australia, Crawley, WA 6009 (Australia); Liu, Y. [School of Geosciences and Info-Physics, Central South University, Changsha 410083 (China)] [School of Geosciences and Info-Physics, Central South University, Changsha 410083 (China); Korayem, A.H.; Duan, W.H.; Collins, F. [Department of Civil Engineering, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria 3800 (Australia)] [Department of Civil Engineering, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria 3800 (Australia)

2013-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

365

Static corrosion of construction materials exposed to superphosphoric acid made from various sources of phosphate rock  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Corrosion tests were performed with various construction materials, such as carbon steel, cast iron, stainless steels, nickel and nickel-based alloys, copper and its alloys, aluminum alloy, zirconium alloy, and tantalum, exposed to wet-process superphosphoric acids (approximately 70% P{sub 2}O{sub 5}) from all the suppliers in the United States and to a technical-grade (55% P{sub 2}O{sub 5}) acid made by the electric furnace process. The study was conducted in response to reports from pipe-reactor users of excessive corrosion by superphosphoric acids and electric furnace acid. Test temperatures were ambient (approximately 21{degrees}C or 70{degrees}F), 66{degrees}C (150{degrees}F), and 93{degrees}C (200{degrees}F). Test results showed that temperature was a significant factor in acid corrosivity. Electric furnace acid was more corrosive than the superphosphoric acids. Carbon steel, cast iron, and aluminum alloy were not resistant to either the superphosphoric acids or the electric furnace acid. Nickel-chromium (Ni-Cr) and nickel-molybdenum (Ni-Mo) based alloys and tantalum exhibited adequate corrosion resistance in the superphosphoric acids and the electric furnace acid. Stainless steels performed well in all test acids at all test temperatures with some exceptions in the electric furnace acid at 93{degrees}C. Zirconium alloy, copper and its alloys, pure nickel, and Monel 400 provided adequate corrosion resistance to all test acids at ambient temperature only.

Nguyen, D.T.; McDonald, C.L.; McGill, K.E.

1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Handbook for preparation of Individual Procurement Action Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Procurement and Assistance Data System (PADS) provides a mechanism for collecting, assembling, organizing, and presenting acquisition and assistance data for the Department of Energy (DOE). This handbook and associated documents establish a uniform system to report acquisition/assistance data to PADS for the collection, processing, and dissemination of official statistical data on the Department`s acquisition and assistance actions. The data provides, based on information available at the time of request, a basis for any recurring and special reports to the senior procurement executive, Congress, General Accounting Office (GAO), Federal executive agencies, Office of management and Budget (OMB), and the general public. It provides information for measuring and assessing the extent to which small business firms and small disadvantages business enterprises are sharing in DOE placement, and for other acquisition and assistance policy and management control purposes. The Handbook for the Preparation of the Individual Procurement Action Report (IPAR) has been designed in two sections; Procurement and Financial Assistance to support the individual forms.

NONE

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Adapting Game Technology to Support Individual and Organizational Learning Emily Oh and Andr van der Hoek  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Adapting Game Technology to Support Individual and Organizational Learning Emily Oh and André van the software process in its fullest. Par- ticularly in the context of individual and organizational learning that facilitates individual and organizational learning. The environment supports individual learning by allowing

van der Hoek, André

368

Spontaneous penetration of a non-wetting drop into an exposed pore Pengtao Yue and Yuriko Renardy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and entry flow, the modified Lucas-Washburn equation greatly overesti- mates the penetration rate drop (S penetration rate is higher than that fSpontaneous penetration of a non-wetting drop into an exposed pore Pengtao Yue and Yuriko Renardy

Renardy, Yuriko

369

Systematic Approach to Compare the Inflammatory Response of Liver Cell Culture Systems Exposed to Silver, Copper, and Nickel Nanoparticles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the induced cytokine expression in a murine liver cell line (AML12). Here we also utilized another system, co-cultures of hepatocytes, Kupffer’s cells, and lymphocytes isolated from C57BL6 mice. Cells were exposed to the materials over dose-response (0.1mg...

Banerjee, Nivedita

2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

370

The hematological response and survival of acutley irradiated rats previously exposed to continuous and fractionated, low intensity gamma irradiation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

been shown to be increased when the nice had been exposed previously to low radiation doses. After "conditioning" 100 mice with 144 r whole~body X- radiation 0XQR) par . week for- a tntsi of three oeehsx Cronkjte ot-M. . :~. i~seel ~m 40 daya later...

Hooper, John Anderson

1964-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Exposing privacy concerns in mHealth Aarathi Prasad, Jacob Sorber, Timothy Stablein, Denise Anthony, David Kotz  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Exposing privacy concerns in mHealth Aarathi Prasad, Jacob Sorber, Timothy Stablein, Denise Anthony health (mHealth) sensing devices can help indi- viduals work towards a healthier lifestyle or allow them to the users of an mHealth device as Pa- tients, whether they use it for disease management or for personal

Kotz, David

372

2015 Young Leader Scholarship Program The MACA Young Leader Scholarship Program (MACA YLSP) is designed to expose future  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(MACA YLSP) is designed to expose future agriculturalists to the crop protection industry and future will be top-potential collegiate sophomores or juniors with an educational focus on agriculture. Candidates will notify the 13 universities via their ag school's career services office via email announcing the program

Isaacs, Rufus

373

The Estimation of Molecular and Cytogenetic Effects in Mice Exposed to Chronic Low Dose-Rate Gamma-Radiation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Molecular and cytogenetic parameters were estimated in male CBA/lac mice exposed to chronic low dose-rate ?-radiation (62 cGy/year) for 40, 80, 120, 210, and 365 days. After 40 days of exposure (6.7 cGy), sple...

A. N. Osipov; A. L. Elakov; P. V. Puchkov…

2002-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Abscisic acid signalling determines susceptibility of bundle sheath cells to photoinhibition in high light-exposed Arabidopsis leaves  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...imaging For APX2 gene expression experiments, plants were exposed to a PPFD of 1500 micromol m2 s1 from a white light emitting diode (LED) array (Isolight; Technologica Ltd, Colchester UK). Leaf surface temperature reached 27C after 5 min...

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Path Analysis of Biomarkers of Exposure and Early Biological Effects among Coke-Oven Workers Exposed to Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...8-diol of benzo(a)pyrene to more water-soluble trans-dihydrodiols, which...workers exposed to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in engine repair workshops. Mutat Res...determination of exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. Int Arch Occup Environ Health 2002...

Li Qiu; Shuguang Leng; Zhongxu Wang; Yufei Dai; Yuxin Zheng; and Zengzhen Wang

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

The effects of ethylenediurea and sodium erythorbate on photosynthetic function of ozone-exposed loblolly pine seedlings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-top chambers in east Texas for one growing season beginning in April 1994 while being exposed to either sub-ambient (CF), approximate ambient (NF), 1.5Y,, 2.OX, or 2.5X ambient ozone levels. Net photosynthesis (A), stomatal conductance (g), and chloroplast...

Kuehler, Eric Anthony

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

377

Liver antioxidant and plasmatic immune responses in juvenile1 golden grey mullet (Liza aurata) exposed to dispersed crude oil2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) exposed to dispersed crude oil2 3 Thomas Milinkovitch1* , Awa Ndiaye2 , Wilfried Sanchez2 , Stéphane Le ; CD : Chemically Dispersed oil ; D : Dispersant solution ; MD : Mechanically Dispersed oil; WSF application is an oil spill response technique. To evaluate the environmental31 cost of this operation

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

378

CSIRO GASLAB Network: Individual Flask Measurements of Atmospheric Trace  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

GASLAB Network GASLAB Network CSIRO GASLAB Network: Individual Flask Measurements of Atmospheric Trace Gases (April 2003) data Data Investigators L.P. Steele, P.R. Krummel, and R.L. Langenfelds Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO) DOI 10.3334/CDIAC/atg.db1021 Data are available for four atmospheric trace gases at nine stationary sites and one moving platform (aircraft over Cape Grim, Tasmania, and Bass Strait, between the Australian continent and Tasmania). The trace gases are carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), carbon monoxide (CO), and hydrogen (H2). Measurements of δ13C from CO2 are also included in this database. The nine stationary sites are, from north to south: Alert, Canada; Shetland Islands, Scotland; Estevan Point, Canada; Mauna Loa, Hawaii; Cape Ferguson,

379

Work extraction and thermodynamics for individual quantum systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Thermodynamics is traditionally concerned with systems comprised of a large number of particles. Here we present a framework for extending thermodynamics to individual quantum systems, including explicitly a thermal bath and work-storage device (essentially a `weight' that can be raised or lowered). We prove that the second law of thermodynamics holds in our framework, and give a simple protocol to extract the optimal amount of work from the system, equal to its change in free energy. Our results apply to any quantum system in an arbitrary initial state, in particular including non-equilibrium situations. The optimal protocol is essentially reversible, similar to classical Carnot cycles, and indeed, we show that it can be used it to construct a quantum Carnot engine.

Paul Skrzypczyk; Anthony J. Short; Sandu Popescu

2014-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

380

Long-term planetary integration with individual time steps  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We describe an algorithm for long-term planetary orbit integrations, including the dominant post-Newtonian effects, that employs individual timesteps for each planet. The algorithm is symplectic and exhibits short-term errors that are $O(\\epsilon\\Omega^2\\tau^2)$ where $\\tau$ is the timestep, $\\Omega$ is a typical orbital frequency, and $\\epsilon\\ll1$ is a typical planetary mass in solar units. By a special starting procedure long-term errors over an integration interval $T$ can be reduced to $O(\\epsilon^2\\Omega^3\\tau^2T)$. A sample 0.8 Myr integration of the nine planets illustrates that Pluto can have a timestep more than 100 times Mercury's, without dominating the positional error. Our algorithm is applicable to other $N$-body systems.

Prasenjit Saha; Scott Tremaine

1994-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "maximally exposed individual" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Field emission properties of chemical vapor deposited individual graphene  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Here, we report field emission (FE) properties of a chemical vapor deposited individual graphene investigated by in-situ transmission electron microscopy. Free-standing bilayer graphene is mounted on a cathode microprobe and FE processes are investigated varying the vacuum gap of cathode and anode. The threshold field for 10?nA current were found to be 515, 610, and 870?V/?m for vacuum gap of 400, 300, and 200?nm, respectively. It is observed that the structural stability of a high quality bilayer graphene is considerably stable during emission process. By contacting the nanoprobe with graphene and applying a bias voltage, structural deformation and buckling are observed with significant rise in temperature owing to Joule heating effect. The finding can be significant for practical application of graphene related materials in emitter based devices as well as understanding the contact resistance influence and heating effect.

Zamri Yusop, Mohd [Department of Frontier Materials, Nagoya Institute of Technology, Gokiso-cho, Showa-ku, 466-8555 Nagoya (Japan); Department of Materials, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 UTM Skudai, Johor (Malaysia); Kalita, Golap, E-mail: kalita.golap@nitech.ac.jp [Department of Frontier Materials, Nagoya Institute of Technology, Gokiso-cho, Showa-ku, 466-8555 Nagoya (Japan); Center for Fostering Young and Innovative Researchers, Nagoya Institute of Technology, Gokiso-cho, Showa-ku, 466-8555 Nagoya (Japan); Yaakob, Yazid; Takahashi, Chisato; Tanemura, Masaki [Department of Frontier Materials, Nagoya Institute of Technology, Gokiso-cho, Showa-ku, 466-8555 Nagoya (Japan)

2014-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

382

Individual Sawtooth Pacing by Synchronized ECCD in TCV  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Previous real-time sawtooth control scenarios using EC actuators have attempted to shorten or lengthen the sawtooth period by optimally positioning the EC absorption near the q = 1 surface. In new experiments we demonstrate for the first time that individual sawtooth crashes can be repetitively induced at predictable times by reducing the stabilizing ECCD power after a predetermined time from the preceding crash. Other stabilizing actuators (e.g. ICRF, NBI) are expected to produce similar effects. Armed with these results, we present a new sawtooth / NTM control paradigm for improved performance in burning plasmas. The potential appearance of neo-classical tearing modes, triggered by long period sawtooth crashes even at low beta, becomes predictable and therefore amenable to preemptive ECCD. The ITER Electron Cyclotron Upper Launcher (EC-UL) design incorporates the needed functionalities for this method to be applied. The methodology and associated TCV experiments will be presented.

Goodman, T. P.; Felici, F.; Canal, G.; Duval, B. P.; Graves, J. P.; Reimerdes, H.; Sauter, O.; Testa, D. [Centre de Recherches en Physique des Plasmas, Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne (CRPP-EPFL), Lausanne (Switzerland)

2011-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

383

Responses measured in the exhaled breath of human volunteers acutely exposed to ozone and diesel exhaust  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Exhaled breath collection is used to identify and monitor inflammatory or oxidative components in breath. Exhaled breath sample collection is noninvasive and would greatly benefit human pollutant exposure research. We demonstrate the efficacy of exhaled breath collection and analysis in two human exposure studies to ozone (O3) and diesel exhaust, respectively. O3 study: we collected exhaled breath (gas phase) from healthy human volunteers (age 18–35 years, 12 subjects) immediately before and after exposure to filtered air or 0.4 ppm O3 for 2 h with and without intermittent exercise. Six subjects received antioxidant supplementation for 2 weeks before their O3 exposure, while the remaining six subjects received placebo treatments. We demonstrate increased amounts of non-polar carbonyls exhaled immediately post O3 exposure. The O3-induced increase in exhaled carbonyl concentrations was attenuated in the group receiving antioxidants. Our data demonstrate that exhaled exposure biomarkers can be measured in the breath gas phase in humans exposed to O3. Diesel study: we collected exhaled breath condensate (EBC; liquid phase) from healthy human volunteers (age 18–40 years; 10 subjects) immediately before, immediately after and 20 h post filtered air or diesel exhaust (106 ± 9 µg m?3) exposure. Clean air and diesel exposures were separated by 3 weeks to 6 months. We obtained reproducible intra-subject EBC volumes and total protein concentrations across our six collection time points. Diesel exposure did not affect either EBC volume or total protein concentrations. Our data demonstrated EBC volume and total protein reproducibility over several months. Volume and total protein concentration may serve as normalizing factors for other EBC constituents.

K Sawyer; J M Samet; A J Ghio; J D Pleil; M C Madden

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Dose received by occupationally exposed workers at a nuclear medicine department  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Personal Dose Equivalent (PDE) values were determined for occupational exposed workers (OEW) at the Nuclear Medicine Department (NMD) of 'Instituto Nacional de Cancerologia' (INCan), Mexico, using TLD-100 thermoluminescent dosemeters. OEW at NMD, INCan make use of radiopharmaceuticals for diagnosis and treatment of diseases. Radionuclides associated to a pharmaceutical compound used at this Department are {sup 131}I, {sup 18}F, {sup 68}Ga, {sup 99m}Tc, {sup 111}In and {sup 11}C with main gamma emission energies between 140 and 511 keV. Dosemeter calibration was performed at the metrology department of 'Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Nucleares' (ININ), Mexico. Every occupational worker used dark containers with three dosimeters which were replaced monthly for a total of 5 periods. Additionally, control dosemeters were also placed at a site free of radioactive sources in order to determine the background radiation. Results were adjusted to find PDE/day and estimating annual PDE values in the range between 2 mSv (background) and 9 mSv. The mean annual value is 3.51 mSv and the standard deviation SD is 0.78 mSv. Four of the 16 OEW received annual doses higher than the average +1 SD (4.29 mSv). Results depend on OEW daily activities and were consistent for each OEW for the 5 studied periods as well as with PDE values reported by the firm that performs the monthly service. All obtained values are well within the established annual OEW dose limit stated in the {sup R}eglamento General de Seguridad Radiologica{sup ,} Mexico (50 mSv), as well as within the lower limit recommended by the 'International Commission on Radiation Protection' (ICRP), report no.60 (20 mSv). These results verify the adequate compliance of the NMD at INCan, Mexico with the norms given by the national regulatory commission.

Avila, O.; Sanchez-Uribe, N. A.; Rodriguez-Laguna, A.; Medina, L. A.; Estrada, E.; Buenfil, A. E.; Brandan, M. E. [Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Nucleares, AP 18-1027, 11801, DF (Mexico); Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Nucleares, AP 18-1027, 11801, DF (Mexico) and Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, AP 70-542, 04510, DF (Mexico); Instituto Nacional de Cancerologia (INCan), Av. San Fernando No.22, C.P. 14080 (Mexico); Instituto de Fisica, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, AP 20-364, 01000 DF (Mexico) and Unidad de Investigacion Biomedica en Cancer INCan-UNAM, Av. San Fernando No.22 C.P. 4080 (Mexico); Instituto Nacional de Cancerologia (INCan), Av. San Fernando No.22, C.P. 14080 (Mexico); Instituto de Fisica, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, AP 20-364, 01000 DF (Mexico)

2012-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

385

Uptake, depuration, and radiation dose estimation in zebrafish exposed to radionuclides via aqueous or dietary routes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Understanding uptake and depuration of radionuclides in organisms is necessary to relate exposure to radiation dose and ultimately to biological effects. We investigated uptake and depuration of a mixture of radionuclides to link bioaccumulation with radiation dose in zebrafish, Danio rerio. Adult zebrafish were exposed to radionuclides (54Mn, 60Co, 65Zn, 75Se, 109Cd, 110mAg, 134Cs and 241Am) at tracer levels (dose rates were modelled from activity concentrations in whole body and exposure medium (water or diet). After 14-day aqueous exposure, radionuclides were detected in decreasing activity concentrations: 75Se > 65Zn > 109Cd > 110mAg > 54Mn > 60Co > 241Am > 134Cs (range: 175–8 Bq g1). After dietary exposure the order of radionuclide activity concentration in tissues (Bq g?1) was: 65Zn > 60Co > 75Se > 109Cd > 110mAg > 241Am > 54Mn > 134Cs (range: 91–1 Bq g?1). Aqueous exposure resulted in higher whole body activity concentrations for all radionuclides except 60Co. Route of exposure did not appear to influence activity concentrations in gonads, except for 54Mn, 65Zn, and 75Se, which had higher activity concentrations in gonads following aqueous exposure. Highest gonad activity concentrations (Bq g?1) were for 75Se (211), 109Cd (142), and 65Zn (117), and highest dose rates (?Gy h?1) were from 241Am (aqueous, 1050; diet 242). This study links radionuclide bioaccumulation data obtained in laboratory experiments with radiation dose determined by application of a dosimetry modelling tool, an approach that will enable better linkages to be made between exposure, dose, and effects of radionuclides in organisms.

Helena C. Reinardy; Jean-Louis Teyssie; Ross A. Jeffree; David Copplestone; Theodore B. Henry; Awadhesh N. Jha

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Stress protein induction in speckled trout exposed to contaminants in the natural environment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The induction of contaminant-specific stress proteins in estuarine organisms inhabiting chemical contaminated sites appears to contribute to pollution tolerance in these populations. In this study, the authors examined (1) stress protein induction speckled trout (Cynoscion nebulosus) exposed to petroleum and petrochemical pollutants in Galveston Bay, and (2) the relationship between stress protein responses and other physiological biomarkers of stress. Mature speckled trout were collected alive by gill net at a reference site north of the Texas City Dike and two contaminated sites, one in the Texas City Channel in lower Galveston Bay adjacent to a large number of petrochemical plants, and the other in Tabbs Bay, an oilfield produced water discharge area in upper Galveston Bay. Tissue samples were dissected from a total of 45 fish and frozen immediately on dry ice. Stress proteins were identified in liver, kidney, gill and gonad tissues using polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and were quantified by imaging densitometry. Stress proteins ranging in size from 13 to 80 kDa were found to be elevated in liver gill and ovary of speckled trout collected from the two contaminated sites, compared to those from the reference site. In addition, the stress protein profiles of tissues from fish collected at Tabbs Bay differed markedly from the Texas City Channel fish, suggesting that both the type of contaminant exposure and the ambient environmental conditions may affect stress protein induction. The stress protein results were compared to other physiological and reproductive biomarkers measured in these fish in an effort to determine possible long-term effects of pollutants on estuarine fish populations.

Howard, C.L.; Whitt, K.R.; Arndt, L.M. [Univ. of Houston, TX (United States)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

387

Uranyl nitrate-exposed rat alveolar macrophages cell death: Influence of superoxide anion and TNF ? mediators  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Uranium compounds are widely used in the nuclear fuel cycle, military and many other diverse industrial processes. Health risks associated with uranium exposure include nephrotoxicity, cancer, respiratory, and immune disorders. Macrophages present in body tissues are the main cell type involved in the internalization of uranium particles. To better understand the pathological effects associated with depleted uranium (DU) inhalation, we examined the metabolic activity, phagocytosis, genotoxicity and inflammation on DU-exposed rat alveolar macrophages (12.5–200 ?M). Stability and dissolution of DU could differ depending on the dissolvent and in turn alter its biological action. We dissolved DU in sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO{sub 3} 100 mM) and in what we consider a more physiological vehicle resembling human internal media: sodium chloride (NaCl 0.9%). We demonstrate that uranyl nitrate in NaCl solubilizes, enters the cell, and elicits its cytotoxic effect similarly to when it is diluted in NaHCO{sub 3}. We show that irrespective of the dissolvent employed, uranyl nitrate impairs cell metabolism, and at low doses induces both phagocytosis and generation of superoxide anion (O{sub 2}{sup ?}). At high doses it provokes the secretion of TNF? and through all the range of doses tested, apoptosis. We herein suggest that at DU low doses O{sub 2}{sup ?} may act as the principal mediator of DNA damage while at higher doses the signaling pathway mediated by O{sub 2}{sup ?} may be blocked, prevailing damage to DNA by the TNF? route. The study of macrophage functions after uranyl nitrate treatment could provide insights into the pathophysiology of uranium?related diseases. -- Highlights: ? Uranyl nitrate effect on cultured macrophages is linked to the doses and independent of its solubility. ? At low doses uranyl nitrate induces generation of superoxide anion. ? At high doses uranyl nitrate provokes secretion of TNF?. ? Uranyl nitrate induces apoptosis through all the range of doses tested.

Orona, N.S. [School of Science and Technology, National University of General Martín, Avda Gral Paz 5445 (1650) San Martín, Buenos Aires (Argentina)] [School of Science and Technology, National University of General Martín, Avda Gral Paz 5445 (1650) San Martín, Buenos Aires (Argentina); Tasat, D.R., E-mail: deborah.tasat@unsam.edu.ar [School of Science and Technology, National University of General Martín, Avda Gral Paz 5445 (1650) San Martín, Buenos Aires (Argentina); School of Dentistry, University of Buenos Aires, M. T. de Alvear 2142 (1122), Buenos Aires (Argentina)

2012-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

388

Expectation-maximization algorithms for learning a finite mixture of univariate survival time distributions from partially specified class values  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Heterogeneity exists on a data set when samples from di#11;erent classes are merged into the data set. Finite mixture models can be used to represent a survival time distribution on heterogeneous patient group by the proportions of each class and by the survival time distribution within each class as well. The heterogeneous data set cannot be explicitly decomposed to homogeneous subgroups unless all the samples are precisely labeled by their origin classes; such impossibility of decomposition is a barrier to overcome for estimating #12;nite mixture models. The expectation-maximization (EM) algorithm has been used to obtain maximum likelihood estimates of #12;nite mixture models by soft-decomposition of heterogeneous samples without labels for a subset or the entire set of data. In medical surveillance databases we can find partially labeled data, that is, while not completely unlabeled there is only imprecise information about class values. In this study we propose new EM algorithms that take advantages of using such partial labels, and thus incorporate more information than traditional EM algorithms. We particularly propose four variants of the EM algorithm named EM-OCML, EM-PCML, EM-HCML and EM-CPCML, each of which assumes a specific mechanism of missing class values. We conducted a simulation study on exponential survival trees with five classes and showed that the advantages of incorporating substantial amount of partially labeled data can be highly signi#12;cant. We also showed model selection based on AIC values fairly works to select the best proposed algorithm on each specific data set. A case study on a real-world data set of gastric cancer provided by Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) program showed a superiority of EM-CPCML to not only the other proposed EM algorithms but also conventional supervised, unsupervised and semi-supervised learning algorithms.

Lee, Youngrok [Ames Laboratory

2013-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

389

A Comparison of the DSM-IV and Proposed DSM-V PTSD Criteria for Youth: Factor Analyses Conducted with a Low Socioeconomic Status, Hurricane-Exposed Sample.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Hurricane Katrina destroyed much of New Orleans, exposing residents to dangerous storms and significant flooding which resulted in the loss of many families homes and… (more)

Paasch, Valerie

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Radiological Dose Assessment 8 2012 SITE ENVIRONMENTAL REPORT8-1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to members of the public is calculated at an off-site location closest to emission source as the maximum dose that could be received by an off-site individual defined as the "maximally exposed off-site individual) and 62 ± 10 mrem (620 ± 100 Sv) at off-site locations. Both on- and off-site external dose measurements

391

Integration of the predictions of two models with dose measurements in a case study of children exposed to the emissions of a lead smelter  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The predictions of two source-to-dose models are systematically evaluated with observed data collected in a village polluted by a currently operating secondary lead smelter. Both models were built up from several sub-models linked together and run using Monte-Carlo simulation, to calculate the distribution children's blood lead levels attributable to the emissions from the facility. The first model system is composed of the CalTOX model linked to a recoded version of the IEUBK model. This system provides the distribution of the media-specific lead concentrations (air, soil, fruit, vegetables and blood) in the whole area investigated. The second model consists of a statistical model to estimate the lead deposition on the ground, a modified version of the model HHRAP and the same recoded version of the IEUBK model. This system provides an estimate of the concentration of exposure of specific individuals living in the study area. The predictions of the first model system were improved in terms of accuracy and precision by performing a sensitivity analysis and using field data to correct the default value provided for the leaf wet density. However, in this case study, the first model system tends to overestimate the exposure due to exposed vegetables. The second model was tested for nine children with contrasting exposure conditions. It managed to capture the blood levels for eight of them. In the last case, the exposure of the child by pathways not considered in the model may explain the failure of the model. The interest of this integrated model is to provide outputs with lower variance than the first model system, but at the moment further tests are necessary to conclude about its accuracy.

Bonnard, R.; McKone, T.E.

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Maximal Replacement of Forage and Concentrate with a New Wet Corn Milling Product for Lactating Dairy Cows  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Three experiments were conducted to determine the maximal amount of concentrate and forage that could be replaced with a new wet corn milling product. The corn milling product contained 23.1% crude protein, 9.9% ruminally undegradable protein, 13.7% acid detergent fiber, 40.3% neutral detergent fiber, and 2.6% ether extract (% of dry matter; DM). In experiment 1, 16 Holstein cows were assigned to one of four diets in a replicated 4 × 4 Latin square design with 28-d periods. The four diets contained 54.3% forage (alfalfa:corn silages, 1:1 DM basis) with the wet corn milling product replacing 0, 50, 75, or 100% of the concentrate portion (corn and soybean meal) of the diet (DM basis). The diets containing wet corn milling product resulted in 7.8% lower DM intake, equivalent milk production (28.5 kg/d), and 13.6% greater efficiency of 4% fat-corrected milk (FCM) production than the control diet. There was no effect of diet on ruminal pH. In experiment 2, 16 Holstein cows were assigned to one of four diets in a replicated 4 × 4 Latin square design with 28-d periods. The 100% concentrate replacement diet from experiment 1 was used as control diet. For the test diets, forage was replaced with 15, 30, or 45% of the corn milling product (DM basis). Efficiency of FCM production (1.16) was not affected by diet. Rumination time was reduced for the 30 and 45% forage replacement diets, but ruminal pH was unaffected. In experiment 3, 30 Holstein cows were assigned at parturition to either a control diet (no corn milling product) or a diet containing 40% corn milling feed in place of both forage and concentrate (optimal levels from experiments 1 and 2) for 9 wk. The diet containing corn milling feed resulted in 21% greater efficiency of FCM production than the control diet. These results indicate that a new feed product based on wet corn milling ingredients has the potential to effectively replace all of the concentrate and up to 45% of the forage in the diet for lactating dairy cows.

K. Boddugari; R.J. Grant; R. Stock; M. Lewis

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Establishing typicality: A closer look at individual formants  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Research into the forensic performance of individual formants has offered considerable evidence to support the traditional acoustic-phonetic view that whilst F1 and F2 encode broad phonetic contrast higher formants may offer greater speaker-discriminatory potential (Peterson 1959 Ladefoged 2006 Clermont and Mokhtari 1998 Rose 2002). However the comparative performance of formants has largely been assessed using posterior assessments of speaker-specificity (McDougall 2004 2006; Clermont et al. 2008). Using quadratic polynomial fittings of F1 to F3 from spontaneous tokens of /ai/ extracted from all 100 speakers in the DyVis database (Nolan et al. 2009) this paper discusses issues relating to p(H|E)-based voice comparison analysis (particularly the use of discriminant analysis DA). Further DA performance is compared with an analysis based on likelihood ratios (LRs). LRs based on F3 are found to only marginally outperform F1 and F2 with regard to the magnitude of same-speaker and different-speaker strength of evidence as well system performance metrics (EER and Cllr). The poorer than expected F3 LRs are assessed with regard to the distributions of values within- and between-speakers for the best performing F3 coefficient: the constant. The data go some way to establishing F3 population statistics which may potentially be applied to voice comparison casework.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Establishing typicality: A closer look at individual formants  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Research into the forensic performance of individual formants has offered considerable evidence to support the traditional acoustic-phonetic view that whilst F1 and F2 encode broad phonetic contrast higher formants may offer greater speaker-discriminatory potential (Peterson 1959 Ladefoged 2006 Clermont and Mokhtari 1998 Rose 2002). However the comparative performance of formants has largely been assessed using posterior assessments of speaker-specificity (McDougall 2004 2006; Clermont et al 2008). Using quadratic polynomial fittings of F1 to F3 from spontaneous tokens of /ai/ extracted from all 100 speakers in the DyVis database (Nolan et al 2009) this paper discusses issues relating to p(H|E)-based voice comparison analysis (particularly the use of discriminant analysis DA). Further DA performance is compared with an analysis based on likelihood ratios (LRs). LRs based on F3 are found to only marginally outperform F1 and F2 with regard to the magnitude of same-speaker and different-speaker strength of evidence as well system performance metrics (EER and Cllr). The poorer than expected F3 LRs are assessed with regard to the distributions of values within- and between-speakers for the best performing F3 coefficient: the constant. The data go some way to establishing F3 population statistics which may potentially be applied to voice comparison casework.

Vincent Hughes

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Multifamily Individual Heating and Ventilation Systems, Lawrence, Massachusetts (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The conversion of an older Massachusetts building into condominiums illustrates a safe, durable, and cost-effective solution for heating and ventilation systems that can potentially benefit millions of multifamily buildings. Merrimack Valley Habitat for Humanity (MVHfH) partnered with U.S. Department of Energy Building America team Building Science Corporation (BSC) to provide high performance affordable housing for 10 families in the retrofit of an existing mass masonry building (a former convent). The original ventilation design for the project was provided by a local engineer and consisted of a single large heat recovery ventilator (HRV) located in a mechanical room in the basement with a centralized duct system providing supply air to the main living space and exhausting stale air from the single bathroom in each apartment. This design was deemed to be far too costly to install and operate for several reasons: the large central HRV was oversized and the specified flows to each apartment were much higher than the ASHRAE 62.2 rate; an extensive system of ductwork, smoke and fire dampers, and duct chases were specified; ductwork required a significant area of dropped ceilings; and the system lacked individual ventilation control in the apartments

Not Available

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Finite-Memory Universal Prediction of Individual Continuous Sequences  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper we consider the problem of universal prediction of individual continuous sequences with square-error loss, using a deterministic finite-state machine (FSM). The goal is to attain universally the performance of the best constant predictor tuned to the sequence, which predicts the empirical mean and incurs the empirical variance as the loss. The paper analyzes the tradeoff between the number of states of the universal FSM and the excess loss (regret). We first present a machine, termed Exponential Decaying Memory (EDM) machine, used in the past for predicting binary sequences, and show bounds on its performance. Then we consider a new class of machines, Degenerated Tracking Memory (DTM) machines, find the optimal DTM machine and show that it outperforms the EDM machine for a small number of states. Incidentally, we prove a lower bound indicating that even with large number of states the regret of the DTM machine does not vanish. Finally, we show a lower bound on the achievable regret of any FSM, a...

Dar, Ronen

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Description of the capabilities of the individual heliostat code  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The individual heliostat, or IH, computer code developed at the University of Houston is available to define heliostat location coordinates of an optimized collector field, and compute in detail the performance of the defined field. In order for IH to generate optimized fields specified by the RC optimization code, IH requires output from CELLAY. CELLAY is a stand-alone program that takes output from the RC system and generates input for the IH programs. A subroutine called LAYOUT and its associated subroutines are the primary source for generating heliostat location coordinates. Boundaries, slip planes, and deletes are all controlled by specification of key variables which occurs before the general sequence of calculations. The IH performance code is similar to the cellwise performance code (NS) with the sum over cells being replaced by a sum over heliostats. Each heliostat has associated with it several quantities which are calculated and output so that the action of the system can be monitored over the course of time. The IH system of computer programs is a collector field layout and performance code for solar central receiver systems.

Walzel, M.D.

1980-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Interaction of Participant Characteristics and Type of AAC with Individuals with ASD: A Meta-Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and complex communication needs often rely on augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) as a means of functional communication. This meta-analysis investigated how individual characteristics...

Ganz, Jennifer B.; Mason, Rose A.; Goodwyn, Fara D.; Boles, Margot B.; Heath, Amy K.; Davis, John L.

399

Heritability and localization of genes regulating individual variation of apoptosis capacity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Heritability of apoptosis capacity and linkage to chromosomal...individual variation of apoptosis capacity were estimated using a variance...Linkage Analysis Routines (SOLAR). Two key findings emerged...proportion of variation in apoptosis capacity among individuals is due to...

Bao-Li Chang; Sarah D. Isaacs; Matthew J. Loza; Kathy E. Wiley; Amy Tolin; Elizabeth M. Gillanders; Wennuan Liu; Tao Li; Jishan Sun; Tamara Adams; Siqun L. Zheng; Patrick C. Walsh; Jeffrey M. Trent; William B. Isaacs; and Jianfeng Xu

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Special Article: Significant Risk Versus Acceptable Risk in Dental Treatment of HIV-Infected Individuals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Dentists are obligated to treat HIV-infected individuals by legal and professional code regardless of personal bias, level of training, or area of specialty. Refusal to treat HIV-infected individuals irrespect...

Albert W. Whitehead; John Hlaudy

2002-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "maximally exposed individual" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Assimilation and differences between the settlement patterns of individual immigrants and immigrant households  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...delineate directions for future household-scale investigations of...Categorization: Individuals or Households? The concentration on the...individual bodies. Of course, household structure and geographic context...children compared with non-Hispanic white children hinge on such...

Mark Ellis; Richard Wright

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Group and individual study space available in each LibraryGroup and individual study space available in each Library Use your Western  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Group and individual study space available in each LibraryGroup and individual study space available in each Library Use your Western ONECard to borrow materials Use your Western ONECard to borrow) Print and digital research materials (i.e. books, journals and multimedia) Western Libraries Archives

Sinnamon, Gordon J.

403

Assessing the moderating effect of gender differences and individualism-collectivism at individual-level on the adoption of mobile commerce technology: TAM3 perspective  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This study investigates the adoption of mobile commerce in Jordan. Based on TAM3 theory, the study proposes a theoretical framework, and then examines its perceived usefulness and perceived ease of use to explain the individual’s adoption intentions toward mobile commerce. This study also investigates the moderation role of gender difference and individualism-collectivism measured at individual-level on the adoption of mobile commerce. Data were collected from a 14 private Jordanian universities using a paper-based questionnaire. The analysis involves 425 valid data sets. The empirical findings conclude that perceived usefulness and perceived ease of use are important factors in explaining the individual’s intention to adopt mobile commerce. The findings also demonstrate the impact of self-efficacy and perceptions of external control determinants on the perceptions of ease of use and the impact of image and output quality determinants on the perceptions of usefulness. The results reveal that the moderation role of individualism-collectivism at individual-level values on the adoption of mobile commerce is significant. But the gender does not have any moderation effect on the adoption process. This model explained 41% of the variance in intention to adopt mobile commerce. Implications and recommendations for research and practice are presented and discussed.

Khaled M.S. Faqih; Mohammed-Issa Riad Mousa Jaradat

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Systematic determination of absolute absorption cross-section of individual carbon nanotubes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Systematic determination of absolute absorption cross-section of individual carbon nanotubes Kaihui of optical contrast from individual carbon nanotubes has been successfully achieved with a polarization-sensitivity absorption spectros- copy for individual single-walled carbon nanotubes by combining the polarization

Wang, Feng

405

Modeling Individual Choices for Sustainable Mobility: Understanding the Role of the Environment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Modeling Individual Choices for Sustainable Mobility: Understanding the Role of the Environment to assessing the role of the environment in individual decisions for sustainable mobility. Many studies related with sustainable mobility have attempted to incorporate the role of environment in individual choices through

Bustamante, Fabián E.

406

Positive dermal hypersensitivity and specific antibodies in workers exposed to bio-engineered enzymes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Thirty-six employees who produced industrial enzymes from bio-engineered strains of bacteria and fungi were evaluated by skin prick testing and enzyme linked immunosorbent assays for specific IgE and IgG antibodies. The workers complained of asthma- and flu-like' symptoms which generally lessened away from work. The enzymes evaluated were {alpha}-amylase from A. niger (ind-AAN), B. licheniformis (ind-AAL) and B. subtilis (ind-AAS); purified {alpha}-amylase from B. subtilis (AAS) and A. niger (AAN); alkaline protease from B. licheniformis (ind-APL) and purified alkaline protease (APL); amylase glucosidase from A. niger (ind-AGN) and purified amylase glucosidase (AGN). Significantly positive skin tests were found for APL, AGN and ind-AAN. Significantly elevated specific IgE results were observed for AAN, AGN, and ind-AAN; elevated specific IgGs were observed for AAN, ind-AAN, ind-AAS, ind-AAL and ind-AGN. Radioimmunoassays of air filter samples (using sera with high Ab titers) for 4 of the ind-enzymes showed only ind-AAN at extremely high environmental levels. These results indicate that occupational exposure to some ind-enzymes causes immediate onset dermal hypersensitivity reactions. The results are equivocal as to whether these reactions are IgE mediated, as IgE titers were low. Contrary to this, IgG titers were extremely high and suggest that these biomarkers can be used as indicators of both individual exposure and environmental analyses.

Biagini, R.E.; Henningsen, G.M.; Driscoll, R.; MacKenzie, B.A.; Wilcox, T.; Scinto, J.D.; Bernstein, D.M.; Swanson, M. (Univ. of Cincinnati, OH (United States) Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN (United States))

1991-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

407

Perspectives of Decision-Making and Estimation of Risk in Populations Exposed to Low Levels of Ionizing Radiations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

there are both acceptable and unacceptable risks, to try tothat no avoidable risk is acceptable, and that acceptabilityA at which the risk is acceptable both to the individual and

Fabrikant, J.I.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants—Calendar Year 2013 INL Report for Radionuclides (2014)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report documents the calendar year 2011 radionuclide air emissions and resulting effective dose equivalent to the maximally exposed individual member of the public from operations at the Department of Energy’s Idaho National Laboratory Site. This report was prepared in accordance with the Code of Federal Regulations, Title 40, “Protection of the Environment,” Part 61, “National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants,” Subpart H, “National Emission Standards for Emissions of Radionuclides Other than Radon from Department of Energy Facilities.” The effective dose equivalent to the maximally exposed individual member of the public was 4.58E-02 mrem per year, 0.46 percent of the 10 mrem standard.

Mark Verdoorn; Tom Haney

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Maximally concentrating optics for photovoltaic solar energy conversion. Technical progress report, [July 1, 1984--January 31, 1985  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Use of a two-stage concentrator with a fresnel lens primary and a nonimaging dielectric totally internally reflecting secondary, has unique advantages for photovoltaic concentration. Some preliminary ray trace studies have shown that with planar lenses, an increase in angular acceptance for a given geometric concentration to about 2/3 of the maximum theoretical limit can be achieved. To demonstrate this, two preprototype concentrators, each having a geometric concentration of 248:1 for a 0.635cm (0.25 inch) diameter cell, have been designed, built, and tested. Measurements of the angular response show an acceptance of 8{degrees} (full angle) which is drastically better than the 1{degrees}--2{degrees} achievable without a secondary, and is in excellent agreement with the ray trace predictions. For these preprototypes, passive cooling was sufficient to prevent any thermal problems for both the cell and secondary. No problems associated with nouuniform cell illumination were found, as evidenced by the fill factor of 71%--73% measured under concentration. Initial measurements of the system electrical efficiency lie in the range 7.5%--9.9% for a variety of individual cells.

O`Gallagher, J.J.

1985-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

410

Fallout: The experiences of a medical team in the care of a Marshallese population accidentally exposed to fallout radiation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report presents an historical account of the experiences of the Brookhaven Medical team in the examination and treatment of the Marshallese people following their accidental exposure to radioactive fallout in 1954. This is the first time that a population has been heavily exposed to radioactive fallout, and even though this was a tragic mishap, the medical findings have provided valuable information for other accidents involving fallout such as the recent reactor accident at Chernobyl. Particularly important has been the unexpected importance of radioactive iodine in the fallout in producing thyroid abnormalities.

Conard, R.A.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Fallout: The experiences of a medical team in the care of a Marshallese population accidentally exposed to fallout radiation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report presents an historical account of the experiences of the Brookhaven Medical team in the examination and treatment of the Marshallese people following their accidental exposure to radioactive fallout in 1954. This is the first time that a population has been heavily exposed to radioactive fallout, and even though this was a tragic mishap, the medical findings have provided valuable information for other accidents involving fallout such as the recent reactor accident at Chernobyl. Particularly important has been the unexpected importance of radioactive iodine in the fallout in producing thyroid abnormalities.

Conard, R.A.

1991-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

412

Report of Project 1-M-54 on thirty service men exposed to residual radiation at Operation castle  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This 1954 report is part of the NTPR (Nuclear Test Personnel Review) Program. Following the detonation at Bikini Atoll, thirty service men who had been exposed to debris from the 1 March detonation were returned to Tripler Army Hospital at Honolulu where the Tripler facilities and professional staff could be used. The clinical observations on the thirty patients were completed by 15 May and the patients were discharged to duty on 17 May. Special emphasis was placed upon examination of the lens of the eyes so as to establish a firm base-line to aid in the evaluation.

Not Available

1984-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

For free samples & the latest literature: http://www.maxim-ic.com, or phone 1-800-998-8800. For small orders, phone 1-800-835-8769.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-800-998-8800. For small orders, phone 1-800-835-8769. MAX478/MAX479 17µA Max, Dual/Quad, Single-Supply, Precision Op Amps ________________________________________________________________ Maxim Integrated Products 1 1 2 3 4 8 7 6 5 V+ OUTB INB- INB+V- INA+ INA- OUTA MAX478 DIP/SO TOP VIEW 1 2 3 4 14 13 12 11 OUTD IND- IND+ V-V+ INA+ INA- OUTA MAX479 DIP/SO 5 6 7 10 9 8 INC+ INC- OUTCOUTB

Berns, Hans-Gerd

414

A Systematic Review of Psychological Functioning of Children Exposed to HIV: Using Evidence to Plan for Tomorrow’s HIV Needs  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Prevention of mother to child transmission of HIV can virtually eliminate paediatric HIV infection. Studies are needed to understand child development outcomes for children exposed to HIV in utero but born HIV...

Lorraine Sherr; Natasha Croome; Katherine Parra Castaneda…

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

A STUDY OF FISCHER 344 RATS EXPOSED TO SILICA DUST FOR SIX MONTHS AT CONCENTRATIONS OF 0, 2, 10 OR 20 MG / M3.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The major objective of this study was to relate the results of a series of functional tests to the compositional and structural alterations in the rat lung induced by subchronic exposure to silica dust. Fischer-344 rats were exposed for 6 hours/day, 5 days/week for 6 months to either 0, 2, 10, or 20 mg SiO{sub 2}/m{sup 3}. The general appearance of the exposed rats was not different from that of the controls. Interestingly, female rats exposed to silica dust, at all tested concentrations, gained more weight than the controls. The lung weight and the lung-to-body weight ratio was greater in the male rats exposed to the highest concentration of silica dust.

KUTZMAN,R.S.

1984-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

Resuspension of carbon dust collected in Tore Supra and exposed to turbulent airflow: Controlled experiments and comparison with model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This work presents the results of experiments conducted with carbon microparticles collected in the tokamak Tore Supra in order to characterize their resuspension behaviour from a stainless-steel substrate when exposed to turbulent airflow. Experiments were conducted in a wind tunnel with controlled velocity profiles and monitored environmental conditions. A consequent amount of dust has been collected in the vessel of the tokamak and a bimodal particle size distribution of samples is first demonstrated. Comparison with resuspension of alumina powders with equivalent particle size distributions under turbulent airflow is also discussed. Results for both carbon and alumina microparticles are then compared to a theoretical resuspension model. Data reveal that exposing multilayer deposits with bimodal particle size distributions to low-speed flows (i.e. 3–10 m/s) induces a significant reduction of the mobilized fractions compared to what was predicted by the model. In addition, results helped to highlight some limitations in the model to physically describe changes in the adhesive strength that can occur with a polydisperse deposit.

S. Peillon; A. Roynette; C. Grisolia; F. Gensdarmes

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Predictive microfluidic control of regulatory ligand trajectories in individual pluripotent cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...height of 150 µm. The slides were then exposed to UV through a patterned transparency emulsion mask, designed using AutoCAD (AutoDesk, San Rafael, CA, USA) and were printed at a resolution of 20000 dpi (CAD/Art Services, Bandon, OR, USA), at a total...

Faisal Moledina; Geoff Clarke; Ali Oskooei; Kento Onishi; Axel Günther; Peter W. Zandstra

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

E-Print Network 3.0 - ashkenazi jewish individuals Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

two Ashkenazi individuals carried... , a more detailed pattern was observed. Single-step micro- satellite networks of ... Source: NONE; Weale, Michael E. - Centre for Genetic...

419

Recreation Pool Hours and Availability for Rochester INDIVIDUAL GUEST FEES WILL APPLY AT FACILITIES LISTED  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Recreation Pool Hours and Availability for Rochester INDIVIDUAL GUEST FEES WILL APPLYSp_aquatic.pdf Perinton http://www.perinton.org/Departments/Recreation/PCC Pittsford Pages 1012 http

Portman, Douglas

420

Distribution of personality, individual characteristics and internet usage in Swedish older adults.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Objectives: This paper investigated factors associated with internet usage in the Swedish older adults ranging in age from 60 to 96. Personality traits and individual… (more)

Berner, Jessica; Rennemark, Mikael; Jogréus, Claes

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "maximally exposed individual" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Predictive microfluidic control of regulatory ligand trajectories in individual pluripotent cells  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Predictive microfluidic control of regulatory ligand trajectories in individual pluripotent cells microfluidic perfusion culture demonstrated that STAT3 activation and consequently mESC fate were manipulable

Zandstra, Peter W.

422

Individual-based modeling of fish: Linking to physical models and water quality.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The individual-based modeling approach for the simulating fish population and community dynamics is gaining popularity. Individual-based modeling has been used in many other fields, such as forest succession and astronomy. The popularity of the individual-based approach is partly a result of the lack of success of the more aggregate modeling approaches traditionally used for simulating fish population and community dynamics. Also, recent recognition that it is often the atypical individual that survives has fostered interest in the individual-based approach. Two general types of individual-based models are distribution and configuration. Distribution models follow the probability distributions of individual characteristics, such as length and age. Configuration models explicitly simulate each individual; the sum over individuals being the population. DeAngelis et al (1992) showed that, when distribution and configuration models were formulated from the same common pool of information, both approaches generated similar predictions. The distribution approach was more compact and general, while the configuration approach was more flexible. Simple biological changes, such as making growth rate dependent on previous days growth rates, were easy to implement in the configuration version but prevented simple analytical solution of the distribution version.

Rose, K.A.

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Effects of inhomogeneous influence of individuals on an order-disorder transition in opinion dynamics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We study the effects of inhomogeneous influence of individuals on collective phenomena. We focus analytically on a typical model of the majority rule, applied to the completely connected agents. Two types of individuals A and B with different influence activity are introduced. The individuals A and B are distributed randomly with concentrations ? and 1?? at the beginning and fixed further on. Our main result is that the location of the order-disorder transition is affected due to the introduction of the inhomogeneous influence. This result highlights the importance of inhomogeneous influence between different types of individuals during the process of opinion updating.

Jian-Yue Guan; Zhi-Xi Wu; Ying-Hai Wang

2007-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

424

E-Print Network 3.0 - atrophy affecting individuals Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Sample search results for: atrophy affecting individuals Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Brain . Author manuscript Posterior cingulate hypometabolism in early Alzheimers disease:...

425

E-Print Network 3.0 - alcohol drinking individuals Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

higher blood alcohol levels than heavier individuals, and are at higher risk... alcohol level can continue to rise after the person has stopped drinking, she should be...

426

Geothermal Electricity Technology Evaluation Model (GETEM) Individual Case Files and Summary Spreadsheet (GETEM version Spring 2013)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This group of files-- 10 GETEM individual case files and 1 summary spreadsheet-- contain final data from the revisions between summer 2011 and spring 2013.

Hanson, Steven CJ

2013-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

427

E-Print Network 3.0 - africa highly individual Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: africa highly individual Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 African Conflict & Peacebuilding Review...

428

Individual Pitch Control for Mitigation of Power Fluctuation of Variable Speed Wind Turbines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Individual Pitch Control for Mitigation of Power Fluctuation of Variable Speed Wind Turbines, China mcheng@seu.edu.cn Abstract-- Grid connected wind turbines are the sources of power fluctuations presents an individual pitch control (IPC) strategy to mitigate the wind turbine power fluctuation at both

Hu, Weihao

429

High-Energy Phonon Branches of an Individual Metallic Carbon Nanotube J. Maultzsch,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

High-Energy Phonon Branches of an Individual Metallic Carbon Nanotube J. Maultzsch,1 S. Reich,1 U, 70569 Stuttgart, Germany (Received 13 December 2002; published 19 August 2003) We present excitation-energy dependent Raman measurements between 2.05 and 2.41 eVon the same individual carbon nanotube. We find

Nabben, Reinhard

430

Length control of individual carbon nanotubes by nanostructuring with a scanning tunneling microscope  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and quantum-size energy-level splitting.6,7 The quantum transport properties of nanotubes strongly dependLength control of individual carbon nanotubes by nanostructuring with a scanning tunneling of carbon nanotubes. Individual carbon nanotubes can be locally cut by applying a voltage pulse to the tip

431

Journal of Biomechanics 34 (2001) 13871398 Contributions of the individual ankle plantar flexors to support,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Journal of Biomechanics 34 (2001) 1387­1398 Contributions of the individual ankle plantar flexors coordination of many muscles. Previous biomechanical studies, based primarily on analyses of the net ankle the individual contributions of the ankle plantar flexors (gastrocnemius (GAS); soleus (SOL)) to the body segment

432

Transportation of Chemicals EHS has been made aware of two occurrences of individuals attempting to transport  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Transportation of Chemicals EHS has been made aware of two occurrences of individuals attempting to transport chemicals improperly. These occurrences could have resulted in serious injury to the individuals or could have resulted in violations with the rules and regulations governing the transportation

Maroncelli, Mark

433

Biomass and Bioenergy 31 (2007) 646655 Estimating biomass of individual pine trees using airborne lidar  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Biomass and Bioenergy 31 (2007) 646­655 Estimating biomass of individual pine trees using airborne biomass and bio-energy feedstocks. The overall goal of this study was to develop a method for assessing aboveground biomass and component biomass for individual trees using airborne lidar data in forest settings

434

Individual Research Grant Eligible Expenses Revised: DA 02-16-12 Page 1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and furniture, computers, phone lines, internet connections, etc.). Internal Research Grant Funds may onlyIndividual Research Grant Eligible Expenses Revised: DA 02-16-12 Page 1 Office of Research Services Phone: (250) 807 9412 UBC Okanagan Campus Internal Grants Eligible Expenses INDIVIDUAL RESEARCH GRANT

Michelson, David G.

435

Codebook for Network Data on Individuals Involved with Terrorism and Counterterrorism  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Codebook for Network Data on Individuals Involved with Terrorism and Counterterrorism Luke M as representing the official policies, either expressed or implied, of CASOS or CMU. #12;ii Keywords: Terrorism terrorism and efforts to combat it. The attributes contained in the data describe individuals` general

436

Moderate threat causes longer lasting disruption to processing in anxious individuals  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Moderate threat causes longer lasting disruption to processing in anxious individuals Sophie: Forster S, Castle E, Nunez-elizalde AO and Bishop SJ(2014) Moderate threat causes longer lasting in anxiety1 Moderate threat causes longer lasting disruption to processing2 in anxious individuals.3 Sophie

Bishop, Sonia

437

Enhanced Pitch Sensitivity in Individuals with Autism: A Signal Detection Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Enhanced Pitch Sensitivity in Individuals with Autism: A Signal Detection Analysis Anna Bonnel1 groups in memo- rizing picture­pitch associations and in detecting pitch changes in melodies. A subset of individuals with autism, known as ``musical savants,'' is also known to possess absolute pitch

438

Energy savings attributable to switching from master metering to individual metering of electricity  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This technical memo reviews and analyzes the published literature on electricity consumption by tenants in residential buildings with individual meters, compared with electricity consumption in residential buildings with master meters. An important finding is that energy savings of individual over master metering are strongly correlated with the price of electricity.

Nelson, S.H.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Spatially explicit, individual-based modelling of pastoralists' mobility in the rangelands of east Africa  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY August 2005 Major Subject: Rangeland Ecology and Management SPATIALLY EXPLICIT, INDIVIDUAL-BASED MODELLING OF PASTORALISTS? MOBILITY IN THE RANGELANDS... of Committee, Jerry Stuth Committee Members, Richard Conner Urs Kreuter Raghavan Srinivasan Head of Department, Steven Whisenant August 2005 Major Subject: Rangeland Ecology and Management iii ABSTRACT Spatially Explicit, Individual...

MacOpiyo, Laban Adero

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Fabrication of nanogapped single-electron transistors for transport studies of individual single-molecule magnets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fabrication of nanogapped single-electron transistors for transport studies of individual single-molecule through individual single-molecule magnets SMMs . The devices were patterned via multiple layers molecules have received considerable attention over the last several years due to the introduction of single

del Barco, Enrique

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "maximally exposed individual" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Nano Letters 8, 4477-4482 (2008) NANO-CRYSTALLOGRAPHY OF INDIVIDUAL CARBON NANOTUBES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nano Letters 8, 4477- 4482 (2008) 1 NANO-CRYSTALLOGRAPHY OF INDIVIDUAL CARBON NANOTUBES N. Bozovi 1 meV energy resolution and 1 nm spatial resolution.1 The later should enable nano-crystallography ­ XRD study of individual nano-particles. The commissioning of NSLS II will take some time -- the plan

Homes, Christopher C.

442

Working alliance in individual and group cognitive therapy for social anxiety disorder  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The tripartite model of working alliance, including the therapeutic bond and agreement on tasks and goals, was examined in 54 patients who received individual or group cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) for social anxiety disorder (SAD) in a randomized trial. Alliance was significantly stronger in individual relative to group CBT but generally not related to outcome.

Ewa Mörtberg

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

In situ imaging of field emission from individual carbon nanotubes and their structural damage  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In situ imaging of field emission from individual carbon nanotubes and their structural damage; accepted for publication 27 November 2001 Field emission of individual carbon nanotubes was observed found to exhibit very low turn-on field and superior field emission performance. Carbon nanotubes grow

Wang, Zhong L.

444

Effective dose conversion coefficients for health care provider exposed to pediatric and adult victims in radiological dispersal device incident  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

After an incident of radiological dispersal devices (RDD), health care providers will be exposed to the contaminated patients in the extended medical treatments. Assessment of potential radiation dose to the health care providers will be crucial to minimize their health risk. In this study, we compiled a set of conversion coefficients (mSv?MBq?1?s?1) to readily estimate the effective dose from the time-integrated activity for the health care providers while they deal with internally contaminated patients at different ages. We selected Co-60, Ir-192, Am-241, Cs-137, and I-131 as the major radionuclides that may be used for RDD. We obtained the age-specific organ burdens after the inhalation of those radionuclides from the Dose and Risk Calculation Software (DCAL) program. A series of hybrid computational phantoms (1-, 5-, 10-, and 15?year-old, and adult males) were implemented in a general purpose Monte Carlo (MC) transport code, MCNPX v 2.7, to simulate an adult male health care provider exposed to contaminated patients at different ages. Two exposure scenarios were taken into account: a health care provider (a) standing at the side of patients lying in bed and (b) sitting face to face with patients. The conversion coefficients overall depended on radionuclides, the age of the patients, and the orientation of the patients. The conversion coefficient was greatest for Co-60 and smallest for Am-241. The dose from the 1?year-old patient phantom was up to three times greater than that from the adult patient phantom. The conversion coefficients were less dependent on the age of the patients in the scenario of a health care provider sitting face to face with patients. The dose conversion coefficients established in this study will be useful to readily estimate the effective dose to the health care providers in RDD events.

Eun Young Han; Wi-Ho Ha; Young-Woo Jin; Wesley E Bolch; Choonsik Lee

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Thermo-mechanical study of bare 48Y UF6 containers exposed to the regulatory fire environment.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Most of the regulatory agencies world-wide require that containers used for the transportation of natural UF6 and depleted UF6 must survive a fully-engulfing fire environment for 30 minutes as described in 10CFR71 and in TS-R-1. The primary objective of this project is to examine the thermo-mechanical performance of 48Y transportation cylinders when exposed to the regulatory hypothetical fire environment without the thermal protection that is currently used for shipments in those countries where required. Several studies have been performed in which UF6 cylinders have been analyzed to determine if the thermal protection currently used on UF6 cylinders of type 48Y is necessary for transport. However, none of them could clearly confirm neither the survival nor the failure of the 48Y cylinder when exposed to the regulatory fire environment without the additional thermal protection. A consortium of five companies that move UF6 is interested in determining if 48Y cylinders can be shipped without the thermal protection that is currently used. Sandia National Laboratories has outlined a comprehensive testing and analysis project to determine if these shipping cylinders are capable of withstanding the regulatory thermal environment without additional thermal protection. Sandia-developed coupled physics codes will be used for the analyses that are planned. A series of destructive and non-destructive tests will be performed to acquire the necessary material and behavior information to benchmark the models and to answer the question about the ability of these containers to survive the fire environment. Both the testing and the analysis phases of this project will consider the state of UF6 under thermal and pressure loads as well as the weakening of the steel container due to the thermal load. Experiments with UF6 are also planned to collect temperature- and pressure-dependent thermophysical properties of this material.

Ammerman, Douglas James; Lopez, Carlos; Morrow, Charles; Korbmacher, Tim (Urenco Enrichment Co. Ltd., Gronau, Germany); Charette, Marc-Andre (Cameco Corporation, Port Hope, ON, Canada)

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Individualized Independent  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SC 5000 Internship (Solar Electric Power Association, Washington, DC) City P SC 223 U.S. Foreign graduating, Porter was offered a job in sales and marketing with KACO new energy, Inc., an international company that is the world's second largest manufacturer of photovoltaic inverters, used for both

Dennehy, John

447

Grouped exposed metal heaters  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A system for treating a hydrocarbon containing formation is described. The system includes two or more groups of elongated heaters. The group includes two or more heaters placed in two or more openings in the formation. The heaters in the group are electrically coupled below the surface of the formation. The openings include at least partially uncased wellbores in a hydrocarbon layer of the formation. The groups are electrically configured such that current flow through the formation between at least two groups is inhibited. The heaters are configured to provide heat to the formation.

Vinegar, Harold J. (Bellaire, TX); Coit, William George (Bellaire, TX); Griffin, Peter Terry (Brixham, GB); Hamilton, Paul Taylor (Houston, TX); Hsu, Chia-Fu (Granada Hills, CA); Mason, Stanley Leroy (Allen, TX); Samuel, Allan James (Kular Lumpar, MY); Watkins, Ronnie Wade (Cypress, TX)

2010-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

448

Assessment of retrospective dose estimation, with fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), of six victims previously exposed to accidental ionizing radiation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The present study aims to evaluate the use of the fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) translocation assay for retrospective dose estimation of acute accidental exposure to radiation in the past. Reciprocal translocation analysis by FISH with three whole-chromosome probes was performed on normal peripheral blood samples. Samples were irradiated with 0–5 Gy 60Co ?-rays in vitro, and dose–effect curves were established. FISH-based translocation analyses for six accident victims were then performed, and biological doses were estimated retrospectively by comparison with the dose–effect curves. Reconstructed doses by FISH were compared with estimated doses obtained by analysis of di-centrics performed soon after exposure, or with dose estimates from tooth-enamel electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) data obtained at the same time as the FISH analysis. Follow-up FISH analyses for an adolescent victim were performed. Results showed that dose–effect curves established in the present study follow a linear-quadratic model, regardless of the background translocation frequency. Estimated doses according to two dose–effect curves for all six victims were similar. FISH dose estimations of three adult victims exposed to accidental radiation less than a decade prior to analysis (3, 6, or 7 years ago) were consistent with those estimated with tooth-enamel EPR measurements or analyses of di-centrics. Estimated doses of two other adult victims exposed to radiation over a decade prior to analysis (16 or 33 years ago) were underestimated and two to three times lower than the values obtained from analysis of di-centrics or tooth-enamel EPR. Follow-up analyses of the adolescent victim showed that doses estimated by FISH analysis decrease rapidly over time. Therefore, the accuracy of dose estimates by FISH is acceptable only when analysis is performed less than 7 years after exposure. Measurements carried out more than a decade after exposure through FISH analysis resulted in underestimation of the biological doses compared with values obtained through analysis of di-centrics and tooth-enamel EPR.

Qing-Jie Liu; Xue Lu; Xiao-Tao Zhao; Jiang-Bin Feng; Yu-Min Lü; En-Hai Jiang; Shu-Lan Zhang; De-Qing Chen; Ting-Zhen Jia; Li Liang

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

The effect of thymosin on the survival of CBA/J mice exposed to lethal and acute doses of ionizing radiation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE EFFECT OF THYMOSIN ON THE SURVIVAL OF CBA/J MICE EXPOSED TO LETHAL AND ACUTE DOSES OF IONIZING RADIATION A Thesis ROGER LYNN HUCHTON Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M Unrversrty in partial fulfillment of the requirements... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1978 Major Subject: Biophysrcs THE EFFECT OF THYMQSIN ON THE SURVIVAL OF CBA/J MICE EXPOSED TO LETHAL AND ACUTE DOSES OF IONIZING RADIATION A Thesis by ROGER LYNN HUCHTQN Approved as to style and content by...

Huchton, Roger Lynn

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

The translation of turbulent wind energy to individual corn plant motion during senescense  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Wind flow within inflexible plant canopies is turbulent and leads to an oscillatory motion of individual plants. A study was conducted to describe the motion of corn (Zea mays...L.) stalks in the wind using a tra...

T. K. Flesch; R. H. Grant

1991-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Perspectives of Five Stakeholder Groups: Challenging Behavior of Individuals with Mental Retardatoin and/or Autism  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Data from five focus groups, each representing a different stakeholder constituency interested in the challenging behavior of individuals with mental retardation and/or autism, were reported. Emergent themes across ...

Ruef, Michael B.; Turnbull, Ann P.; Turnbull, H. Rutherford; Poston, Denise J.

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Ultrafast Mid-Infrared Intra-Excitonic Response of Individualized Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

energy response of individu- ally separated (6,5) and (7,5) single-walled carbon nanotubes.nanotubes (SWNTs) gives rise to strongly enhanced Coulomb interactions and large exciton binding energies

Wang, Jigang

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Philosophical liberalism & the nature of the individual's private sphere of rights  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The complex system of rights we have in our society has its foundations in philosophical liberalism. This paper analyzes the sphere of individual rights, referred to as the private, within philosophical liberalism. The objectives of this paper...

Brennan, Joy Marie

2013-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

454

Direct photonic production: towards high speed additive manufacturing of individualized goods  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Especially the scale-scope dilemma is boosted by global trends like mass customization and open innovation which result in a highly fluctuating demand for individualized products at costs matching or beating thos...

H. Schleifenbaum; A. Diatlov; C. Hinke; J. Bültmann…

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

S june 2007| ACKnoWlEdGmEnts. Over 200 individuals from  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the following individuals: · Phillip Arkin, Earth System Science Interdis- ciplinary Center, University · Russell Vose, NOAA's NCDC · Xungang Yin, NOAA's NCDC · Huai-Min Zhang, NOAA's NCDC REFEREnCES Armstrong, R

456

Relationship among religious coping, psychosocial factors, and quality of life in individuals with type 2 diabetes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship among religious coping, acceptance of diabetes, social support, diabetes management, and quality of life among individuals with type 2 diabetes (T2DM). Religious coping, acceptance...

Lager, Julia M.

2009-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

457

Using terrestrial laser scanner for estimating leaf areas of individual trees in a conifer forest  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A method that applies the terrestrial laser scanning to estimate leaf areas of individual trees in a mature conifer forest is presented. It is based on the...Picea abies [L.] Karst.) stand located in southern Bav...

Peng Huang; Hans Pretzsch

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Three-Dimensional Imaging of Individual Dopant Atoms in SrTiO3  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for a specific 3D dopant atom configuration. The methodto have more than 2 Gd atoms in a column is still less thanImaging of Individual Dopant Atoms in SrTiO 3 Jinwoo Hwang,

Hwang, Jinwoo; Zhang, Jack Y; D’Alfonso, Adrian J; Allen, Leslie J; Stemmer, Susanne

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

July 30, 2012 All listed individuals nmfs.fis@noaa.gov PMT + PSG Chairs & Vice Chairs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

July 30, 2012 All listed individuals nmfs.fis@noaa.gov PMT + PSG Chairs & Vice Chairs Cahall, Mike Program Management Team Members fis.pmt.extended@noaa.gov fis.pmt@noaa.gov Per

460

Individual neutron monitoring in workplaces with mixed neutron/photon radiation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Sweden 7 Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt, D-38116 Braunschweig, Germany 8 Kernkraftwerk Krummel GmbH, D-21502 Geesthacht, Germany EVIDOS (evaluation of individual dosimetry in mixed neutron and photon radiation fields) is an European Commission......

T. Bolognese-Milsztajn; D. Bartlett; M. Boschung; M. Coeck; G. Curzio; F. d'Errico; A. Fiechtner; V. Giusti; V. Gressier; J. Kyllönen; V. Lacoste; L. Lindborg; M. Luszik-Bhadra; C. Molinos; G. Pelcot; M. Reginatto; H. Schuhmacher; R. Tanner; F. Vanhavere; D. Derdau

2004-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "maximally exposed individual" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Individualized patient-centered lifestyle recommendations: An expert system for communicating patient specific cardiovascular risk information  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

City, IA 52242, USA c Department of Epidemiology, University of Iowa, Lipid Research Clinic, University lifestyle using an independent dataset, show that the optimal individualized patient- centered lifestyle% of energy, cholesterol intake energy

Street, Nick

462

Neural sensitivity to sex steroids predicts individual differences in aggression: implications for behavioural evolution  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...and endocrine parameters: (a) plasma testosterone, (b) relative...Hormones and animal social behavior. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. 3 Ketterson...intra-individual variation in plasma testosterone concentration and...

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Magnetism of individual atoms adsorbed on surfaces Harald Brune a,*, Pietro Gambardella b  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Magnetism of individual atoms adsorbed on surfaces Harald Brune a,*, Pietro Gambardella b history: Available online 10 February 2009 Keywords: Magnetic impurities Magnetic anisotropy Spin­orbit coupling Dilute magnetic semiconductors Spin excitation spectroscopy Spin-polarized transport Quantized

Brune, Harald

464

Stimulated Raman scattering from individual water and ethanol droplets at morphology-dependent resonances  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Stimulated Raman scattering (SRS) from an individual liquid droplet (?30-?m radius) has been observed for H2O, D2O, and ethanol. The occurrence of a series of...

Snow, Judith B; Qian, Shi-Xiong; Chang, Richard K

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Access to health care for individuals with developmental disabilities from minority backgrounds  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MENTAL RETARDATION VOLUME 42, NUMBER 6: 459–470 DECEMBER 2004 459qAmerican Association on Mental Retardation Access to Health Care for Individuals With Developmental Disabilities From Minority Backgrounds Amanda Reichard, Therese Marie Sacco, and H.... Rutherford Turnbull, III Abstract In this project we examined access to health care by individuals with developmental disabilities in Kansas from low-income populations and from minority backgrounds. Four criteria for deter- mining access were employed...

Reichard, Amanda; Sacco, T. M.; Turnbull, H. Rutherford

2011-12-27T23:59:59.000Z

466

Mr and Mrs: How 'I Do' Impacts Physical Activity in Married Individuals  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MR & MRS: HOW ?I DO? IMPACTS PHYSICAL ACTIVITY IN MARRIED INDIVIDUALS A Dissertation by KACY LANE MICHEL Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements... for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY May 2012 Major Subject: Health Education Mr & Mrs: How ?I Do? Impacts Physical Activity in Married Individuals Copyright 2012 Kacy Lane Michel MR & MRS...

Michel, Kacy L.

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

467

A unified theory of spatial patterns for sessile biological individuals and structures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AND SUMMARY 1. Limitations of This Study 2. Analogy to the Ecological Niche 3, Self-thinning and Succession Processes 33 33 34 35 LITERATURE CITED 37 TABLE OF CONTENTS (CONTINUED) APPENDIX Page A EQUAL PROBABILITY AND BINOMIAL DISTRIBUTION 39 B... in the absence of natural sampling units because there are no clearly delimited individuals that can be counted. In fact, many plant species do not occur as distinct individuals amenable to counting. Journal model: Ecology In this study only continuously...

Zou, Guangzhou

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

468

Observations of x-ray radiation pressure force on individual gold nanocrystals  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report observations of x-ray radiation pressure force on individual single nanocrystals using an x-ray single molecular methodology. The observed gold nanocrystals are linked to the adsorbed protein molecules. We observed the directed Brownian motion of individual linked nanocrystals. The observed force is estimated at about 0.13-0.63 aN. We will be able to control and measure dynamics of micro- or nanocrystalline materials using x-ray radiation pressure force.

Sasaki, Yuji C.; Okumura, Yasuaki; Miyazaki, Takuya; Higurashi, Takashi; Oishi, Noboru [Synchrotron Radiation Research Institute (JASRI), SPring-8, Sayou, Hyogo 679-5198, Japan and CREST Sasaki-team, Japan Science and Technology Corporation (JST), Tachikawa 190-0012 (Japan); Biotechnology Research Center, Teikyo University, Miyamae, Kawasaki 216-0001, Japan and CREST Sasaki-team, Japan Science and Technology Corporation (JST), Tachikawa 190-0012 (Japan)

2006-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

469

Assessing chironomid deformities in field- and laboratory-exposed organisms from organic- and metal-contaminated sediments  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Benthic invertebrate samples were collected from three Great Lakes harbors classified as Areas of concern (AOC) and from the Clark Fork River Superfund Site (CFR) in Montana. Contamination consists of organic and inorganic contaminants at the AOC sites and primarily heavy metal tailings and mining wastes in the CFR sites. Samples were collected with a ponar grab sampler from stations in Indiana Harbor, IN (1989, n = 7), the Buffalo River, NY (1989, n = 10), the Saginaw River, MI (1989, n = 7; 1990, n = 7), and the Clark Fork River (1991, n = 13). Compared to literature values for incidence of deformities in uncontaminated sediments, frequency of Chironomid mouthpart deformities was significantly greater at most stations sampled from the AOC sites. In contrast, only a few stations sampled from the CFR sites had significantly greater incidence of mouthpart deformities. Occurrence of mouthpart deformities ranged from 0 to 100% at the stations from the AOC`s and from 0 to 18% at the CFR stations. These mouthpart deformities in Chironomus riparius laboratory exposures to contaminated sediments from all AOC and CFR sites were evaluated and compared to frequencies found in field collected samples. Preliminary analysis indicates that frequency of mouthpart deformities from laboratory exposed chironomids are generally lower than those found in field collected samples.

Canfield, T.J.; Kemble, N.E.; Ingersoll, C.G. [National Biological Survey, Columbia, MO (United States)

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

470

Distinct expression profiles of stress defense and DNA repair genes in Daphnia pulex exposed to cadmium, zinc, and quantum dots  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The ever-increasing production and use of nanocrystaline semiconductors (Quantum dots; QDs) will inevitably result in increased appearance of these nanomaterials in the aquatic environment. However, the behavior and potential toxicity of heavy metal constituted nanoparticulates in aquatic invertebrates is largely unknown, especially with regard to molecular responses. The freshwater crustacean Daphnia pulex is a well-suited toxicological and ecological model to study molecular responses to environmental stressors. In this study, D. pulex were exposed for 48 h to sublethal doses of \\{QDs\\} (25% and 50% of LC50) with differing spectral properties (CdTe and CdSe/ZnS QDs) and Cd and Zn salts. Our data suggest that acute exposure to both CdSO4 and Cd-based \\{QDs\\} leads to Cd uptake in vivo, which was biologically supported by the observation of increased expression of metallothionein (MT-1). Furthermore, Cd, Zn, and CdSe/ZnS \\{QDs\\} induced different patterns of gene expression regarding stress defense and DNA repair, which furthers our knowledge regarding which response pathways are affected by nanoparticulate forms of metals versus ionic forms in aquatic crustaceans.

Song Tang; Yonggan Wu; Caitlin N. Ryan; Shuangying Yu; Guangqiu Qin; Donn S. Edwards; Gregory D. Mayer

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Efficacy of Single-Suture Incision Closures in Tagged Juvenile Chinook Salmon Exposed to Simulated Turbine Passage  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Reductions in the size of acoustic transmitters implanted in migrating juvenile salmonids have resulted in the use of a shorter incision-one that may warrant only a single suture for closure. However, it is not known whether a single suture will sufficiently hold the incision closed when fish are decompressed and when outward pressure is placed on the surgical site during turbine passage through hydroelectric dams. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of single-suture incision closures on five response variables in juvenile Chinook salmon Oncorhynchus tshawytscha that were subjected to simulated turbine passage. An acoustic transmitter (0.43 g in air) and a passive integrated transponder tag (0.10 g in air) were implanted in each fish; the 6-mm incisions were closed with either one suture or two sutures. After exposure to simulated turbine passage, none of the fish exhibited expulsion of transmitters. In addition, the percentage of fish with suture tearing, incision tearing, or mortal injury did not differ between treatments. Expulsion of viscera through the incision was higher among fish that received one suture (12%) than among fish that received two sutures (1%). The higher incidence of visceral expulsion through single-suture incisions warrants concern. Consequently, for cases in which tagged juvenile salmonidsmay be exposed to turbine passage, we do not recommend the use of one suture to close 6-mm incisions associated with acoustic transmitter implantation.

Boyd, James W.; Deters, Katherine A.; Brown, Richard S.; Eppard, M. B.

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Expression analysis of the molluscan p53 protein family mRNA in mussels (Mytilus spp.) exposed to organic contaminants  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this study, we report the tissue expression analysis of the p53 protein family mRNA in mussels (Mytilus spp.) by means of quantitative RT-PCR. The tissue specific response was evaluated after 24 h exposure to a sublethal benzo[a]pyrene (B[a]P) concentration (75 nM), showing a 2.6 fold induction in digestive gland cells and a dramatic gene down regulation in circulating hemocytes. The comet assay and DNA gel diffusion tests showed significant effects in hemocytes and negligible differences in the digestive gland nuclei, implicating p53 in DNA damage of molluscan hemocytes. Finally, the kinetics of p53 protein family mRNA expression in the digestive gland of animals exposed to B[a]P and crude oil (0.5 ppm) showed partially overlapping trends, characterised by a common down regulation after 1 week exposure. These data should be carefully considered in view of the biological effects of organic pollutants and particularly following spills.

Mohamed Banni; Alessandro Negri; Mauro Rebelo; Fabio Rapallo; Hamadi Boussetta; Aldo Viarengo; Francesco Dondero

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Metabolism in the rat of cadmium biocomplexes from edible mussels exposed to /sup 109/CdCl/sub 2/  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The metabolism in the rat of /sup 109/Cd biocomplexes present in the tissues of the edible mussel Mytilus galloprovincialis, previously exposed to /sup 109/CdCl/sub 2/, was studied. The tissue distribution and binding of /sup 109/Cd were compared to those caused by an equal dose of /sup 109/Cd as CdCl2 or rat liver Cd-metallothionein. Administration of mussel /sup 109/Cd to rats resulted in an initial accumulation of /sup 109/Cd in the kidneys due to the presence of /sup 109/Cd-metallothionein, which constituted 25% of the /sup 109/Cd in the tissues of the mussels. Other /sup 109/Cd biocomplexes present in the mussel tissues were metabolized in the rat in a way similar to that of inorganic cadmium, i.e., initial accumulation in the liver. These findings indicate that the ingestion of seafood rich in metallothionein may give rise to a faster increase of renal cadmium levels than the consumption of a similar amount of inorganic cadmium.

Marafante, E.; Nolan, C.; Lorenzon, G.

1985-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Proposed stratigraphic nomenclature and macroscopic identification of lithostratigraphic units of the Paintbrush Group exposed at Yucca Mountain, Nevada  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper describes the formations of the Paintbrush Group exposed at Yucca Mountain, Nevada, presents a detailed stratigraphic nomenclature for the Tiva Canyon and Topopah spring Tuffs, and discusses the criteria that define lithostratigraphic units. The Tiva Canyon and Topopah Spring Tuffs are divided into zones, subzones, and intervals on the basis of macroscopic features observed in surface exposures and borehole samples. Primary divisions reflect depositional and compositional zoning that is expressed by variations in crystal content, phenocryst assemblage, pumice content and composition, and lithic content. Secondary divisions define welding and crystlalization zones, depositional features, or fracture characteristics. Both formations are divided into crystal-rich and crystal-poor members that have an identical sequency of zones, although subzone designations vary slightly between the two units. The identified lithostratigraphic divisions can be used to approximate thermal-mechanical and hydrogeologic boundaries in the field. Linking these three systems of nomenclature provides a framework within which to correlate these properties through regions of sparse data.

Buesch, D.C.; Spengler, R.W.; Moyer, T.C.; Geslin, J.K.

1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Sensor placement algorithm development to maximize the efficiency of acid gas removal unit for integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) power plant with CO{sub 2} capture  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Future integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) power plants with CO{sub 2} capture will face stricter operational and environmental constraints. Accurate values of relevant states/outputs/disturbances are needed to satisfy these constraints and to maximize the operational efficiency. Unfortunately, a number of these process variables cannot be measured while a number of them can be measured, but have low precision, reliability, or signal-to-noise ratio. In this work, a sensor placement (SP) algorithm is developed for optimal selection of sensor location, number, and type that can maximize the plant efficiency and result in a desired precision of the relevant measured/unmeasured states. In this work, an SP algorithm is developed for an selective, dual-stage Selexol-based acid gas removal (AGR) unit for an IGCC plant with pre-combustion CO{sub 2} capture. A comprehensive nonlinear dynamic model of the AGR unit is developed in Aspen Plus Dynamics® (APD) and used to generate a linear state-space model that is used in the SP algorithm. The SP algorithm is developed with the assumption that an optimal Kalman filter will be implemented in the plant for state and disturbance estimation. The algorithm is developed assuming steady-state Kalman filtering and steady-state operation of the plant. The control system is considered to operate based on the estimated states and thereby, captures the effects of the SP algorithm on the overall plant efficiency. The optimization problem is solved by Genetic Algorithm (GA) considering both linear and nonlinear equality and inequality constraints. Due to the very large number of candidate sets available for sensor placement and because of the long time that it takes to solve the constrained optimization problem that includes more than 1000 states, solution of this problem is computationally expensive. For reducing the computation time, parallel computing is performed using the Distributed Computing Server (DCS®) and the Parallel Computing® toolbox from Mathworks®. In this presentation, we will share our experience in setting up parallel computing using GA in the MATLAB® environment and present the overall approach for achieving higher computational efficiency in this framework.

Paul, P.; Bhattacharyya, D.; Turton, R.; Zitney, S.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Sensor placement algorithm development to maximize the efficiency of acid gas removal unit for integrated gasifiction combined sycle (IGCC) power plant with CO2 capture  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Future integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) power plants with CO{sub 2} capture will face stricter operational and environmental constraints. Accurate values of relevant states/outputs/disturbances are needed to satisfy these constraints and to maximize the operational efficiency. Unfortunately, a number of these process variables cannot be measured while a number of them can be measured, but have low precision, reliability, or signal-to-noise ratio. In this work, a sensor placement (SP) algorithm is developed for optimal selection of sensor location, number, and type that can maximize the plant efficiency and result in a desired precision of the relevant measured/unmeasured states. In this work, an SP algorithm is developed for an selective, dual-stage Selexol-based acid gas removal (AGR) unit for an IGCC plant with pre-combustion CO{sub 2} capture. A comprehensive nonlinear dynamic model of the AGR unit is developed in Aspen Plus Dynamics® (APD) and used to generate a linear state-space model that is used in the SP algorithm. The SP algorithm is developed with the assumption that an optimal Kalman filter will be implemented in the plant for state and disturbance estimation. The algorithm is developed assuming steady-state Kalman filtering and steady-state operation of the plant. The control system is considered to operate based on the estimated states and thereby, captures the effects of the SP algorithm on the overall plant efficiency. The optimization problem is solved by Genetic Algorithm (GA) considering both linear and nonlinear equality and inequality constraints. Due to the very large number of candidate sets available for sensor placement and because of the long time that it takes to solve the constrained optimization problem that includes more than 1000 states, solution of this problem is computationally expensive. For reducing the computation time, parallel computing is performed using the Distributed Computing Server (DCS®) and the Parallel Computing® toolbox from Mathworks®. In this presentation, we will share our experience in setting up parallel computing using GA in the MATLAB® environment and present the overall approach for achieving higher computational efficiency in this framework.

Paul, P.; Bhattacharyya, D.; Turton, R.; Zitney, S.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Metabolic Engineering of Light and Dark Biochemical Pathways in Wild-Type and Mutant Strains of Synechocystis PCC 6803 for Maximal, 24-Hour Production of Hydrogen Gas  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This project used the cyanobacterial species Synechocystis PCC 6803 to pursue two lines of inquiry, with each line addressing one of the two main factors affecting hydrogen (H2) production in Synechocystis PCC 6803: NADPH availability and O2 sensitivity. H2 production in Synechocystis PCC 6803 requires a very high NADPH:NADP+ ratio, that is, the NADP pool must be highly reduced, which can be problematic because several metabolic pathways potentially can act to raise or lower NADPH levels. Also, though the [NiFe]-hydrogenase in PCC 6803 is constitutively expressed, it is reversibly inactivated at very low O2 concentrations. Largely because of this O2 sensitivity and the requirement for high NADPH levels, a major portion of overall H2 production occurs under anoxic conditions in the dark, supported by breakdown of glycogen or other organic substrates accumulated during photosynthesis. Also, other factors, such as N or S limitation, pH changes, presence of other substances, or deletion of particular respiratory components, can affect light or dark H2 production. Therefore, in the first line of inquiry, under a number of culture conditions with wild type (WT) Synechocystis PCC 6803 cells and a mutant with impaired type I NADPH-dehydrogenase (NDH-1) function, we used H2 production profiling and metabolic flux analysis, with and without specific inhibitors, to examine systematically the pathways involved in light and dark H2 production. Results from this work provided rational bases for metabolic engineering to maximize photobiological H2 production on a 24-hour basis. In the second line of inquiry, we used site-directed mutagenesis to create mutants with hydrogenase enzymes exhibiting greater O2 tolerance. The research addressed the following four tasks: 1. Evaluate the effects of various culture conditions (N, S, or P limitation; light/dark; pH; exogenous organic carbon) on H2 production profiles of WT cells and an NDH-1 mutant; 2. Conduct metabolic flux analyses for enhanced H2 production profiles using selected culture conditions and inhibitors of specific pathways in WT cells and an NDH-1 mutant; 3. Create Synechocystis PCC 6803 mutant strains with modified hydrogenases exhibiting increased O2 tolerance and greater H2 production; and 4. Integrate enhanced hydrogenase mutants and culture and metabolic factor studies to maximize 24-hour H2 production.

Ely, Roger L.; Chaplen, Frank W.R.

2014-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

478

The camp will expose students to local biodiversity and provide abundant immersive hands-on experiences with the plant and animal life found within the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The camp will expose students to local biodiversity and provide abundant immersive hands? If yes, fill out the application to be considered for a spot in a week-long camp studying biodiversity! The 2014 Richard P. Garmany Biodiversity Camp will be held July 7th -11th at the Environmental Sciences

Alpay, S. Pamir

479

Proceedings of the CADE17 ATP System Competition In order to stimulate ATP system development, and to expose ATP systems to interested researchers, the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Proceedings of the CADE­17 ATP System Competition Abstract In order to stimulate ATP system development, and to expose ATP systems to interested researchers, the CADE­17 ATP System Competition (CASC­17) will be held on 17 June 2000. CASC­17 will evaluate the performance of sound, fully automatic, 1st order ATP

Sutcliffe, Geoff

480

CpG Site–Specific Hypermethylation of p16INK4? in Peripheral Blood Lymphocytes of PAH-Exposed Workers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Blood Lymphocytes of PAH-Exposed Workers Ping Yang 1 Junxiang Ma 2 Bo Zhang 1 Huawei Duan...295-302. 22. Zhang AH , Bin HH, Pan XL, Xi XG.Analysis of p16 gene mutation, deletion...Health A 2007;70:970-5. 23. Su S , Jin Y, Zhang W, Yang L, Shen Y, Cao Y...

Ping Yang; Junxiang Ma; Bo Zhang; Huawei Duan; Zhini He; Junling Zeng; Xiaowen Zeng; Daochuan Li; Qing Wang; Yongmei Xiao; Caixia Liu; Qin Xiao; Liping Chen; Xiaonian Zhu; Xiumei Xing; Zhifang Li; Shixin Zhang; Zhengbao Zhang; Lu Ma; Erman Wang; Zhixiong Zhuang; Yuxin Zheng; and Wen Chen

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "maximally exposed individual" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

BioOne sees sustainable scholarly publishing as an inherently collaborative enterprise connecting authors, nonprofit publishers, academic institutions, research libraries, and research funders in the common goal of maximizing access to critical research.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the common goal of maximizing access to critical research. Darwin's bark spider: giant prey in giant orb webs societies, associations, museums, institutions, and presses. Your use of this PDF, the BioOne Web site holder. #12;Darwin's bark spider: giant prey in giant orb webs (Caerostris darwini, Araneae: Araneidae

Agnarsson, Ingi

482

Compatibility Study for Plastic, Elastomeric, and Metallic Fueling Infrastructure Materials Exposed to Aggressive Formulations of Ethanol-blended Gasoline  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In 2008 Oak Ridge National Laboratory began a series of experiments to evaluate the compatibility of fueling infrastructure materials with intermediate levels of ethanol-blended gasoline. Initially, the focus was elastomers, metals, and sealants, and the test fuels were Fuel C, CE10a, CE17a and CE25a. The results of these studies were published in 2010. Follow-on studies were performed with an emphasis on plastic (thermoplastic and thermoset) materials used in underground storage and dispenser systems. These materials were exposed to test fuels of Fuel C and CE25a. Upon completion of this effort, it was felt that additional compatibility data with higher ethanol blends was needed and another round of experimentation was performed on elastomers, metals, and plastics with CE50a and CE85a test fuels. Compatibility of polymers typically relates to the solubility of the solid polymer with a solvent. It can also mean susceptibility to chemical attack, but the polymers and test fuels evaluated in this study are not considered to be chemically reactive with each other. Solubility in polymers is typically assessed by measuring the volume swell of the polymer exposed to the solvent of interest. Elastomers are a class of polymers that are predominantly used as seals, and most o-ring and seal manufacturers provide compatibility tables of their products with various solvents including ethanol, toluene, and isooctane, which are components of aggressive oxygenated gasoline as described by the Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) J1681. These tables include a ranking based on the level of volume swell in the elastomer associated with exposure to a particular solvent. Swell is usually accompanied by a decrease in hardness (softening) that also affects performance. For seal applications, shrinkage of the elastomer upon drying is also a critical parameter since a contraction of volume can conceivably enable leakage to occur. Shrinkage is also indicative of the removal of one or more components of the elastomers (by the solvent). This extraction of additives can negatively change the properties of the elastomer, leading to reduced performance and durability. For a seal application, some level of volume swell is acceptable, since the expansion will serve to maintain a seal. However, the acceptable level of swell is dependent on the particular application of the elastomer product. It is known that excessive swell can lead to unacceptable extrusion of the elastomer beyond the sealed interface, where it becomes susceptible to damage. Also, since high swell is indicative of high solubility, there is a heightened potential for fluid to seep through the seal and into the environment. Plastics, on the other hand, are used primarily in structural applications, such as solid components, including piping and fluid containment. Volume change, especially in a rigid system, will create internal stresses that may negatively affect performance. In order to better understand and predict the compatibility for a given polymer type and fuel composition, an analysis based on Hansen solubility theory was performed for each plastic and elastomer material. From this study, the solubility distance was calculated for each polymer material and test fuel combination. Using the calculated solubility distance, the ethanol concentration associated with peak swell and overall extent of swell can be predicted for each polymer. The bulk of the material discussion centers on the plastic materials, and their compatibility with Fuel C, CE25a, CE50a, and CE85a. The next section of this paper focuses on the elastomer compatibility with the higher ethanol concentrations with comparison to results obtained previously for the lower ethanol levels. The elastomers were identical to those used in the earlier study. Hansen solubility theory is also applied to the elastomers to provide added interpretation of the results. The final section summarizes the performance of the metal coupons.

Kass, Michael D [ORNL; Pawel, Steven J [ORNL; Theiss, Timothy J [ORNL; Janke, Christopher James [ORNL

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

Chemical analysis of HfO{sub 2}/Si (100) film systems exposed to NH{sub 3} thermal processing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Nitrogen incorporation in HfO{sub 2}/SiO{sub 2} films utilized as high-k gate dielectric layers in advanced metal-oxide-semiconductor field effect transistors has been investigated. Thin HfO{sub 2} blanket films deposited by atomic layer deposition on either SiO{sub 2} or NH{sub 3} treated Si (100) substrates have been subjected to NH{sub 3} and N{sub 2} anneal processing. Several high resolution techniques including electron microscopy with electron energy loss spectra, grazing incidence x-ray diffraction, and synchrotron x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy have been utilized to elucidate chemical composition and crystalline structure differences between samples annealed in NH{sub 3} and N{sub 2} ambients as a function of temperature. Depth profiling of core level binding energy spectra has been obtained by using variable kinetic energy x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy with tunable photon energy. An 'interface effect' characterized by a shift of the Si{sup 4+} feature to lower binding energy at the HfO{sub 2}/SiO{sub 2} interface has been detected in the Si 1s spectra; however, no corresponding chemical state change has been observed in the Hf 4f spectra acquired over a broad range of electron take-off angles and surface sensitivities. The Si 2p spectra indicate Si-N bond formation beneath the HfO{sub 2} layer in the samples exposed to NH{sub 3} anneal. The NH{sub 3} anneal ambient is shown to produce a metastable Hf-N bond component corresponding to temperature driven dissociation kinetics. These findings are consistent with elemental profiles across the HfO{sub 2}/Si(100) interface determined by electron energy loss spectroscopy measurements. X-ray diffraction measurements on similarly treated films identify the structural changes resulting from N incorporation into the HfO{sub 2} films.

Lysaght, Patrick S.; Barnett, Joel; Bersuker, Gennadi I.; Woicik, Joseph C.; Fischer, Daniel A.; Foran, Brendan; Tseng, Hsing-Huang; Jammy, Raj [Front End Process Division, SEMATECH, 2706 Montopolis Drive, Austin, Texas 78741-6499 (United States); National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, Maryland 20899 (United States); Physical Characterization Laboratory, Advanced Technology Development Facility, 2706 Montopolis Drive, Austin, Texas 78741-6499 (United States); Front End Process Division, SEMATECH, 2706 Montopolis Drive, Austin, Texas 78741-6499 (United States)

2007-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

484

An individual-based instream flow model for coexisting populations of brown and rainbow trout  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report describes an individual-based model for sympatric populations of brown and rainbow trout in a stream habitat. Hatchery rainbow trout are included as a third species. The model provides a tool for predicting flow effects on trout populations by linking the hydraulic component of the Physical Habitat Simulation (PHABSIM) methodology and an individual-based population modeling approach. PHABSIM simulates the spatial distribution of depth and velocity at different flows. The individual-based model simulates the reproduction, foraging, consumption, energetic costs, growth, habitat utilization, movement, and mortality of individual fish, and enables population attributes to be determined from relevant attributes of individual fish. The spatially explicit nature of the model permits evaluation of behavioral responses used by fish to mitigate temporary setbacks in habitat quality. This linked mechanistic modeling approach readily lends itself to the iterative process of making predictions, testing against field data, improving the model, and making more predictions. The model has been applied to a stream segment in the Tule River, California. Physical and biological data from this site are used as input to the model. Calibrating the model to abundance data was relatively easy because values for mortality parameters were not strongly constrained by empirical data. Calibrating the model to observed growth rates and habitat use was more challenging. The primary reason for developing this model has been to provide a new and complementary tool to PHABSIM that can be used in instream-flow assessments.

Van Winkle, W.; Jager, H.I.; Holcomb, B.D.

1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

Inter-individual difference of one type of pulsed sounds produced by beluga whales (Delphinapterus leucas)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Belugas often exchange one type of broadband pulsed sounds (termed PS1 calls) which possibly functions as a contact calls (Morisaka et al. 2013). Here we investigate how belugas embed their signature information into the PS1 calls. PS1 calls were recorded from each of five belugas including both sexes and various ages at the Port of Nagoya Public Aquarium using a broadband recording system when in isolation. Temporal and spectral acoustic parameters of PS1 calls were measured and compared among individuals. Kruskal-Wallis test revealed that inter-pulse intervals (IPIs) the number of pulses and pulse rates of PS1 calls had significant differences among individuals but duration did not (?2?=?76.7 p<0.0001; ?2?=?26.2 p<0.0001; ?2?=?45.3 p<0.0001; and ?2?=?4.7 p?=?0.316 respectively). The contours depicted by the IPIs as a function of pulse order were also individually different and only the contours of a calf fluctuated over time. Four belugas except a juvenile had individually distinctive power spectra. These results suggest that several acoustic parameters of PS1 calls may hold individual information. We found PS1-like calls from the other captive belugas (Yokohama Hakkeijima Sea Paradise) suggested that the PS1 call is not the specific call for one captive population but the basic call type for belugas.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

About the modified Gaussian family of income distributions with applications to individual incomes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In a recent paper in this journal [Q. Guo, L. Gao, Distribution of individual incomes in China between 1992 and 2009, Physica A 391 (2012) 5139–5145], a new family of distributions for modeling individual incomes in China was proposed. This family is the so-called Modified Gaussian (MG) distribution, which depends on two parameters. The MG distribution shows a satisfactory fit for the individual income data between 1992 and 2009. However, for the practical use of this model with individual incomes, it is necessary to know its probabilistic and statistical properties, especially the corresponding inequality measures. In this paper, probabilistic functions and inequality measures of the MG distribution are obtained in closed form, including the normalizing constant, probability functions, moments, first-degree stochastic dominance conditions, relationships with other families of distributions and standard tools for inequality measurement (Lorenz and generalized Lorenz curves and Gini, Donaldson–Weymark–Kakwani and Pietra indices). Several methods for parameter estimation are also discussed. In order to illustrate all the previous formulations, we have fitted individual incomes of Spain for three years using the European community household panel survey, concluding a static pattern of inequality, since the Gini index and other inequality measures remain constant over the study period.

José María Sarabia; Faustino Prieto; Carmen Trueba; Vanesa Jordá

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

ARM: Fractional cloud cover, clear-sky and all-sky shortwave flux for each of 25 individual SGP facilities.  

DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

Fractional cloud cover, clear-sky and all-sky shortwave flux for each of 25 individual SGP facilities.

Gaustad, Krista; Gaustad, Krista; McFarlane, Sally; McFarlane, Sally

488

Individual and province inequalities in health among older people in China: Evidence and policy implications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper uses multi-level modelling to analyse data from the nationally-representative Chinese Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS) in order to investigate the characteristics associated with poor health among older people, including individual and household characteristics as well as the characteristics of the provinces in which the older person lives (contextual effects). The results show that older Chinese women, rural residents, those with an education level lower than high school, without individual income sources, who are ex-smokers, and those from poor economic status households are more likely to report disability and poor self-rated health. Differentials in the health outcomes remain substantial between provinces even after controlling for a number of individual and household characteristics.

Maria Evandrou; Jane Falkingham; Zhixin Feng; Athina Vlachantoni

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

The elephant in the room: multi-authorship and the assessment of individual researchers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

When a group of individuals creates something, credit is usually divided among them. Oddly, that does not apply to scientific papers. The most commonly used measure of the performance of individual researchers is the h-index, which does not correct for multi-authorship. Each author claims full credit for each paper and each ensuing citation. This mismeasure of achievement is fuelling a flagrant increase in multi-authorship. Several alternatives to the h-index have been devised, and one of them, the individual h-index (hI), is logical, intuitive and easily calculated. Correcting for multi-authorship would end gratuitous authorship and allow proper attribution and unbiased comparisons.

Lozano, George A

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

Alliance formation: the impact of teams and individuals in initial negotiations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, we investigate whether individuals or teams should be sent to an initial alliance meeting and the impact of shared team aspiration levels on negotiation processes and outcomes. We use an experimental role-play to simulate an initial alliance meeting. 128 subjects participated in our study and our findings reveal that in team to team negotiations, higher economic outcomes were achieved and a higher degree of competitive behaviour was reported than in individual to individual dyads, and that team aspiration alignment was associated with increased reciprocity between teams. These findings suggest that in initial negotiations in an alliance, sending teams may be better for the subsequent developments in the alliance. When these teams are aligned, they are more attuned to the behaviour of their alliance partner.

Randi Lunnan; HÃ¥vard Ness; Laura Elizabeth Mercer Traavik

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

Immunologic studies of subjects with asthma exposed to formaldehyde and urea-formaldehyde foam insulation (UFFI) off products  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

There has been concern in recent years as to the health hazards of exposure to potentially carcinogenic or immunotoxic substances in the environment. This study was done to determine the effects of exposure to urea-formaldehyde foam insulation (UFFI) off products on various hematologic and immunologic parameters in subjects with asthma: complete blood count and differential, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, lymphocyte subpopulations (E-rosetting, T3, T4, T8. B73.1, and Fc receptor positive lymphocytes and large granular lymphocytes), lymphocyte response to phytohemagglutinin and formalin-treated red blood cells (Form-RBC), serum antibody against the Thomsen-Friedenreich RBC antigen and against Form-RBC, and natural killer (NK), interferon (IFN)-boosted NK (IFN-NK), and antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity. Four control subjects with asthma from conventionally insulated homes (control group) and 23 subjects with asthma from UFFI-insulated homes (home group) were exposed to placebo, formaldehyde, dust, and UFFI off gas at levels ordinarily found in UFFI-containing homes for four separate periods in an environmental chamber. Immunologic testing was carried out before the exposure series and 1 day after completion 7 days later as part of an investigation of respiratory and possible allergic effects of such exposure. Data from the UFFI-insulated home group were not significantly different from data of the normal conventionally insulated home control group for any of the variables studied, either before or after UFFI exposure. Paired t tests comparing data from each of the two groups before and after UFFI exposure demonstrated minimal, but statistically significant increases in percent eosinophils and T8 positive cells in the UFFI-insulated home group only. Although NK, relative NK, and IFN-NK were normal in all groups, IFN-NK assays by use of a low concentration of ?-interferon demonstrated a statistically significant decrease in NK response to IFN in both the control and UFFI-insulated home groups after UFFI exposure. These differences were not observed at optimum levels of IFN stimulation. These data indicate that long-term exposure to UFFI off products in the home apparently had no effect on the immunologic parameters studied. Short-term exposure resulted in minor immunologic changes in this subject population.

H.F. Pross; J.H. Day; R.H. Clark; R.E.M. Lees

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

www.umass.edu/uww At UWW you can design your own individualized degree  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Journalism Studies Black History and Culture in the Americas Building Safety, Sustainable Design Sustainability Studies and Media Sustainable Business Studies Sustainable Design Sustainable Energy Sustainablewww.umass.edu/uww At UWW you can design your own individualized degree concentration in a wide

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

493

strukt--A Pattern System for Integrating Individual and Organizational Knowledge Work  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and efficiency of knowledge work [6]. An established means for improving efficiency of organizational knowledgestrukt--A Pattern System for Integrating Individual and Organizational Knowledge Work Ansgar Scherp@uni-koblenz.de} Abstract. Expert-driven business process management is an established means for improving efficiency

Staab, Steffen

494

Mapping behavioural evolution onto brain evolution: the strategic roles of conserved organization in individuals and species  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Bertossa Mapping behavioural evolution onto brain evolution: the strategic roles of conserved...The pattern of individual variation in brain component structure in pigs, minks and...mechanism by which both growing and evolving brains defend basic sensory, motor and homeostatic...

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

Modelling fish population movements: from an individual-based representation to an  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Modelling fish population movements: from an individual-based representation to an advection`ete cedex, France Abstract In this paper we address the problem of modelling fish population movements. We is formulated as a biased random walk model in which the velocity of each fish has both a deterministic

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

496

VoIP at CSU -Frequently asked questions and options Instructions for your individual phone  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

" options 2. Forward your phone to a personal cell phone and use the voicemail that comes with your cell phone package. Enter your cell phone number with 8 + area code (e.g. 8-970-123-4567) at httpVoIP at CSU - Frequently asked questions and options Instructions for your individual phone: 1

497

Radiocarbon Dating of Individual Lignin Phenols: A New Approach for Establishing Chronology of Late  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Radiocarbon Dating of Individual Lignin Phenols: A New Approach for Establishing Chronology of Late- ered to sediments. We demonstrate that lignin phenols isolated from lake sediments using reversed phase for establishing chronology during the late Quaternary. We developed a procedure to purify lignin phenols, building

Hu, Feng Sheng

498

Mitigation of Fatigue Loads Using Individual Pitch Control of Wind Turbines Based on FAST  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mitigation of Fatigue Loads Using Individual Pitch Control of Wind Turbines Based on FAST Yunqian University, China jiz@seu.edu.cn Abstract-With the increase of wind turbine dimension and capacity, the wind turbine structures are subjected to prominent loads and fatigue which would reduce the lifetime of wind

Chen, Zhe

499

Explorations in combining cognitive models of individuals and system dynamics models of groups.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report documents a demonstration model of interacting insurgent leadership, military leadership, government leadership, and societal dynamics under a variety of interventions. The primary focus of the work is the portrayal of a token societal model that responds to leadership activities. The model also includes a linkage between leadership and society that implicitly represents the leadership subordinates as they directly interact with the population. The societal model is meant to demonstrate the efficacy and viability of using System Dynamics (SD) methods to simulate populations and that these can then connect to cognitive models depicting individuals. SD models typically focus on average behavior and thus have limited applicability to describe small groups or individuals. On the other hand, cognitive models readily describe individual behavior but can become cumbersome when used to describe populations. Realistic security situations are invariably a mix of individual and population dynamics. Therefore, the ability to tie SD models to cognitive models provides a critical capability that would be otherwise be unavailable.

Backus, George A.

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

Structure-Dependent Fluorescence Efficiencies of Individual Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Structure-Dependent Fluorescence Efficiencies of Individual Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes Dmitri, F-33405 France AUTHOR EMAIL ADDRESS: weisman@rice.edu RECEIVED DATE #12;2 ABSTRACT: Single-nanotube fluorimetric intensities. KEYWORDS: SWNT, carbon nanotubes, fluorescence, microscopy, spectroscopy, emission

Boyer, Edmond