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1

Clean Energy and Innovation | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

and Innovation and Innovation Clean Energy and Innovation Addthis Energy Matters Online Townhall 1 of 5 1 of 5 Energy Matters Online Townhall 1 of 5 Secretary Steven Chu hosts an online town hall to discuss President Obama's clean energy and innovation agenda. Image: Energy Department Image | Photo by Charles Watkins, Contractor Energy Matters Online Townhall 2 of 5 2 of 5 Energy Matters Online Townhall 2 of 5 Secretary Steven Chu hosts an online town hall to discuss President Obama's clean energy and innovation agenda. Dan Leistikow, Department of Energy Director of Public Affairs, serves as moderator and accepts questions for the Secretary from guests in the room. Image: Energy Department Image | Photo by Charles Watkins, Contractor Energy Matters Online Townhall 3 of 5 3 of 5

2

NASA Townhall AAS 224th Meeting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

://science.nasa.gov/astrophysics/documents/ 1 #12;HST sees Water Vapor Plumes on Europa Hydrogen Oxygen Hydrogen and oxygen emission lines from works 2. Explore how it began and evolved 3. Search for life on planets around other stars Flight telescope backplane & backplane support fixture Pathfinder (backplane center section

Christian, Eric

3

Online Resources  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Online Resources Online Resources       General Information Discovering New Physics - Fermilab: where physicists unravel the mysteries of the universe Electromagnetic Simulation: Charged Particle Motion in E/M Field (by Fu-Kwun Hwang, National Taiwan Normal University) Fermilabyrinth - Online versions of exhibits at the Lederman Science Center Fermilab Virtual Tour - Photos of accelerators and detectors with figure captions International Particle Physics Outreach Group (from CERN) Fermilab Homepage - Links to general information, experiments and projects (Fermilab at Work), particle physics (inquiring minds), resources for students (education) and more High-Energy Physics Acronyms - (from Fermilab) Particle Physics - a list of links from the American Physical Society)

4

Optimization Online - Digest Archive  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Optimization Online Digest Archive. Subscribe to the digest. ... Online is supported by the Mathematical Optmization Society. Mathematical Optimization Society.

5

Optimization Online - Category Archive  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Optimization Online. Browse Submissions By Area. Linear, Cone and Semidefinite ... Optimization Online is supported by the Mathematical Optmization Society.

6

DOE Online  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Fermilab's Science Adventures! Fermilab's Science Adventures! DOE Online K-12 Instructional Resources ed.fnal.gov/doe/ The U.S. Department of Energy is committed to helping educate our nation's next generation of scientists. The following resources help teachers integrate the Internet into K-12 classroom instruction. DOE Labs General Instructional Units Online Resources Lesson Plans General References DOE Laboratory and Facility Education Home Pages (www-ed.fnal.gov/doe/doe_labs.html) Direct links for 27 education Websites at DOE national laboratories and facilities. Online Catalog (www-ed.fnal.gov/trc/library) Fermilab's Teacher Resource Center collection of 10,000+ PreK-12 instructional materials in science, mathematics and technology. Materials include tradebooks, curriculum materials, educational

7

When matter matters  

SciTech Connect

We study a recently proposed scenario for the early universe:Subluminal Galilean Genesis. We prove that without any other matter present in the spatially flat Friedmann universe, the perturbations of the Galileon scalar field propagate with a speed at most equal to the speed of light. This proof applies to all cosmological solutions — to the whole phase space. However, in a more realistic situation, when one includes any matter which is not directly coupled to the Galileon, there always exists a region of phase space where these perturbations propagate superluminally, indeed with arbitrarily high speed. We illustrate our analytic proof with numerical computations. We discuss the implications of this result for the possible UV completion of the model.

Easson, Damien A. [Department of Physics and School of Earth and Space Exploration and Beyond Center, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ, 85287-1504 (United States); Sawicki, Ignacy [Institut für Theoretische Physik, Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg Philosophenweg 16, 69120 Heidelberg (Germany); Vikman, Alexander, E-mail: easson@asu.edu, E-mail: ignacy.sawicki@uni-heidelberg.de, E-mail: alexander.vikman@cern.ch [CERN, Theory Division, CH-1211 Genève 23 (Switzerland)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Optimization Online - Digest  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Complete the form below to subscribe to the free Optimization Online Digest. ... Type your e-mail address to unsubscribe from the Optimization Online Digest.

9

User_LaunchOnline  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Online Content Online Content © 2011 SuccessFactors, Inc. - 1 - SuccessFactors Learning Confidential. All rights reserved. Job Aid: Launching Online Content Purpose The purpose of this job aid is to guide users through the step-by-step process of identifying and launching online content. Task A. Identify Online Content From the Home page, filter the To-Do List to show Online Courses only. The online icon ( ) in the Type column indicates the content type. 2 1 Launch Online Content 5 Steps Task B Identify Online Content 2 Steps Task A 1 2 SuccessFactors Learning v 6.4 User Job Aid Launching Online Content Task B. Launch Online Content From the To-Do List, hover over the title of the item you wish to launch and then click Go to Content.

10

D matter  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We study the properties and phenomenology of particlelike states originating from D branes whose spatial dimensions are all compactified. They are nonperturbative states in string theory and we refer to them as D matter. In contrast to other nonperturbative objects such as ’t Hooft–Polyakov monopoles, D-matter states could have perturbative couplings among themselves and with ordinary matter. The lightest D particle (LDP) could be stable because it is the lightest state carrying certain (integer or discrete) quantum numbers. Depending on the string scale, they could be cold dark matter candidates with properties similar to that of WIMPs or wimpzillas. The spectrum of excited states of D matter exhibits an interesting pattern which could be distinguished from that of Kaluza-Klein modes, winding states, and string resonances. We speculate about possible signatures of D matter from ultrahigh energy cosmic rays and colliders.

Gary Shiu and Lian-Tao Wang

2004-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

11

Dark Matters  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

One of the greatest mysteries in the cosmos is that it is mostly dark.  Astronomers and particle physicists today are seeking to unravel the nature of this mysterious, but pervasive dark matter which has profoundly influenced the formation of structure in the universe.  I will describe the complex interplay between galaxy formation and dark matter detectability and review recent attempts to measure particle dark matter by direct and indirect means.

Joseph Silk

2010-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

12

Dark matter  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...just how much dark matter in baryons...have lead to the discovery that a large component of the dark mass in groups...the highest-energy photons and the...to that of the discovery of the microwave...experiments assume the dark matter in the...c) Vacuum energy and the cosmological...

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Quark Matter  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Quark Quark Matter in Neutron Stars Prashanth Jaikumar Argonne National Laboratory, (PHY) September 7th, 2006 . - p.1/29 Outline * Neutron stars: observations by a theorist . - p.2/29 Outline * Neutron stars: observations by a theorist * Mass-Radius constraints on Equation of State (EoS) . - p.2/29 Outline * Neutron stars: observations by a theorist * Mass-Radius constraints on Equation of State (EoS) * Is quark matter inside neutron stars ruled out? . - p.2/29 Outline * Neutron stars: observations by a theorist * Mass-Radius constraints on Equation of State (EoS) * Is quark matter inside neutron stars ruled out? ------------------------ * Strange Quark stars: Features and "Findings" . - p.2/29 Outline * Neutron stars: observations by a theorist * Mass-Radius constraints on Equation of State (EoS) * Is quark matter inside neutron stars ruled out? ------------------------

14

Online optimization problems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this thesis, we study online optimization problems in routing and allocation applications. Online problems are problems where information is revealed incrementally, and decisions must be made before all information is ...

Lu, Xin, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Operations Research Center

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Overview on Online Advertising  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This section provides an overview on online advertising, which is important for the course of ... thesis. Key definitions for online marketing and advertising are first provided to differentiate between the...

Sebastian Klapdor

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

NERSC's Online Help Desk  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Online help desk Online help desk Use NERSC's Help desk web site to request assistance with your NERSC-related computing questions and problems. Log in using your NERSC (NIM) login...

17

Optimization Online - Coordinators  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Optimization Online submissions are electronically handled by a team of ... OR and Management Sciences / Integer Programming / Robust Optimization ...

18

Optimization Online - Category Archive  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Optimization Online. Browse Submissions By Area. Nonlinear Optimization. 2000 · 2001 · 2002 · 2003 · 2004 · 2005 · 2006 · 2007 · 2008 · 2009 · 2010 · 2011 ...

19

NERSC Online Tutorials  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Tutorials Online Tutorials Cybersecurity Tutorial This course is designed to remind you of your basic security responsibilities as a user of NERSC resources, and to provide you...

20

Historical Maps Online  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

geospatial data to see change over time. The online map collection can be accessed over the Internet from search engines, library catalogs, GIS databases and many other entry points. Rumsey continues to add new content to the online collection and develops...

Rumsey, David Y.

2005-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "matters online townhall" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Saab Online Testing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Saab Online Testing http://www.saab.org/actuarial.cgi. 1 of 17. 1/4/2008 12:29 PM. 1. Suppose that µx = 1. 105?x. , 0 ? x ? 105 and that the force of interest is ? ...

User

2008-01-04T23:59:59.000Z

22

Online Education Today  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...and Association for Learning Technology, GipsyLane, Headington Oxford...Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Yale, Stanford...self-study units on the corporate intranet. In this sense, the online...this modern version, basic technology requirements for students...

A. Frank Mayadas; John Bourne; Paul Bacsich

2009-01-02T23:59:59.000Z

23

Moisture Matters | EMSL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Moisture Matters Moisture Matters Cryogenic microscopy methods yield insights to microbial morphology State-of-the-art cryogenic electron microscopy (EM) approaches at EMSL are...

24

Dark Matter Theory  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Dark Matter Theory Dark Matter Theory Understanding discoveries at the Energy, Intensity, and Cosmic Frontiers Get Expertise Rajan Gupta (505) 667-7664 Email Bruce Carlsten (505)...

25

RHIC | Why Does Quark Matter Matter?  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Why Does Quark Matter 'Matter'? Why Does Quark Matter 'Matter'? The history of modern technological development can be viewed as a series of investigations, with ever increasing resolution, into the microscopic structure of matter. Since the days of the early Greek philosophers, science has been on a continual quest to find the smallest piece - the most fundamental building block - forming the substance of the universe. STAR researchers During that journey, many beautiful and exotic properties of the subatomic world have been discovered: particles with wave-like properties the ultimate position of which can never be known; "particles" of light that deliver a fixed amount of energy when they strike the atoms of a material's surface; particles in some types of electrical conductors that

26

in Condensed Matter Physics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Master in Condensed Matter Physics ­ Master académique #12;2 #12;3 Students at the University. Condensed matter physics is about explaining and predicting the relationship between the atomic, and broad education in the field of condensed matter physics · introduce you to current research topics

van der Torre, Leon

27

Optimization Online - Fast Approximations for Online Scheduling of ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Jun 19, 2014 ... Fast Approximations for Online Scheduling of Outpatient Procedure Centers. Berg(bberg2 ***at*** gmu.edu) Denton(btdenton ***at*** ...

Berg

2014-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

28

Big Questions: Dark Matter  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Carl Sagan's oft-quoted statement that there are "billions and billions" of stars in the cosmos gives an idea of just how much "stuff" is in the universe. However scientists now think that in addition to the type of matter with which we are familiar, there is another kind of matter out there. This new kind of matter is called "dark matter" and there seems to be five times as much as ordinary matter. Dark matter interacts only with gravity, thus light simply zips right by it. Scientists are searching through their data, trying to prove that the dark matter idea is real. Fermilab's Dr. Don Lincoln tells us why we think this seemingly-crazy idea might not be so crazy after all.

Lincoln, Don

2014-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

29

Optimization Online Digest -- January 2009  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Applications — Science and Engineering On the Optimal On-Line Management of Photovoltaic-Hydrogen Hybrid Energy Systems Victor Zavala, Mihai Anitescu, ...

30

Optimization Online Digest -- April 2008  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

On-line Service Scheduling Zhenbo Wang ... Maximizing a Class of Submodular Utility Functions Shabbir ... Accelerated line-search and trust-region methods

31

News from Online: Renewable Resources  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

News from Online: Renewable Resources ... This paper discusses a chemistry lesson plan based on the use of ethanol as an alternative and renewable energy source. ...

Erich S. Uffelman

2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

January 2014 Cybersecurity Awareness Campaign - Secure Online...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

January 2014 Cybersecurity Awareness Campaign - Secure Online Shopping January 2014 Cybersecurity Awareness Campaign - Secure Online Shopping The primary cyber theme for the...

33

Cybersecurity Online Learning (COL) | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers (EERE)

with a .mil or .gov address. The Cybersecurity Online Learning (COL) is a free web-based, online learning program offering both live and recorded cybersecurity training...

34

Sociotechnical Architecture for Online Privacy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Users' concerns regarding privacy issues are lowering their trust in e-services and, thus, affecting the widespread adoption of online services. To increase users' perceived control over their privacy, the authors propose a novel e-privacy architecture. Keywords: P3P, controlling online privacy, privacy, Web privacy

Dawn N. Jutla; Peter Bodorik

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

The Matter of Detailing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Project success is truly a “matter of detailing”! So, it is imperative that the strongest of cases must be made for the process of detailing!

Ralph W. Liebing RA; CSI; CPCA; CBO

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

EMSL - soil organic matter  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

soil-organic-matter en Structures and Stabilities of (MgO)n Nanoclusters. http:www.emsl.pnl.govemslwebpublicationsstructures-and-stabilities-mgon-nanoclusters

37

Dark matter at colliders  

SciTech Connect

We show that colliders can impose strong constraints on dark matter. We take an effective field theory approach where dark matter couples to quarks and gluons through high dimensional operators. We discuss limits on interactions of dark matter and hadronic matter from the ATLAS experiment at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). For spin-independent scattering, the LHC limits are stronger than those from direct detection experiments for light WIMPs. For spin-dependent scattering, the LHC sets better limits over much of parameter space.

Yu Haibo [Department of Physics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, 48109 (United States)

2013-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

38

FFSE Online Membership Form  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Donation Form for FFSE Donation Form for FFSE This form is for people who would like like to donate to FFSE, but not become a member. If you would like to join or renew membership in Fermilab Friends for Science Education., please go to the Membership Form. You have three options for donating. A contribution to the general fund A contribution to the scholarship fund The purchase of a leaf for the Tree of Knowledge ($1,000) Use the tab key to go between text boxes; the keystrokes,"Return" and "Enter," have been disabled to avoid submitting the form prematurely. Donation to the General Fund PayPal - The safer, easier way to pay online! Contribution to Scholarship Fund The scholarship fund provides scholarships to: Schools to cover the cost of bus transportation to Fermilab for field trips. The cost averages about $100.

39

FFSE Online Membership Form  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Form Form This form is for people who would like to join or renew membership in Fermilab Friends for Science Education. If you would like to donate to FFSE, but not become a member, please go to the Donation Form. If you are a teacher and would like a joint membership in ISTA and FFSE, use the ISTA/FFSE Form. This form functions like a conventional online shopping cart. You add items to the cart with the "Add to Cart" button and may confirm what is in your cart with the "View Cart" button. To add more items when viewing the cart, click "Continue Shopping." You can choose to contribute to any or all of the options. There are three possible items available to put in the cart. You will be directed further to complete the transaction as you check out.

40

Money Matters Parent Presentation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Money Matters Parent Presentation Presented by Becky Lore June 7, 2014 #12;Money Matters · Dates.fcac-acfc.gc.ca · Gail Vaz-Oxlade My Money, My Choices www.gailvazoxlade.com · Money Mentors www.moneymentors.ca/ · Money

Seldin, Jonathan P.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "matters online townhall" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Online Resources | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Online Resources Online Resources Online Resources ... Legislative Documents - US Code - Public and Private Laws - Congressional Bills - Congressional Record - Congressional Hearings - Appropriations Legislation Regulatory Documents - Code of Federal Regulations - Federal Register - Safety and Employee Protection Authorities Compilation of Laws - Communications Law - Consumer Protectxion Law - Environmental Law Volume 1 - Environmental Law Volume 2 - Food, Drug, And Related Law - Health Law - Nuclear Energy And Radioactive Waste - Selected Energy-Related Legislation: Electricity - Selected Energy-Related Legislation: Organization And Miscellaneous - Selected Energy-Related Legislation: Oil, Gas, And Nonnuclear Fuels Presidential Documents - Executive Orders Judicial Resources

42

REDD Collaborative Online Workspace | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

REDD Collaborative Online Workspace REDD Collaborative Online Workspace Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: REDD Collaborative Online Workspace Agency/Company /Organization: United Nations Environment Programme Sector: Land Focus Area: Biomass, Forestry Resource Type: Lessons learned/best practices Website: www.unredd.net/index.php?option=com_docman&task=cat_view&gid=839&Itemi REDD Collaborative Online Workspace Screenshot References: REDD Collaborative Online Workspace[1] Overview "Useful capacity building resources to improve understanding of REDD+ and associated issues. Includes training manuals, presentations and useful websites." References ↑ "REDD Collaborative Online Workspace" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=REDD_Collaborative_Online_Workspace&oldid=329125"

43

Online circuit breaker monitoring system  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

inspection and maintenance of the circuit breakers. An automated online circuit breaker monitoring system is proposed to monitor condition, operation and status of high and medium voltage circuit breakers. By tracking equipment condition, this system could...

Djekic, Zarko

2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

44

Online circuit breaker monitoring system  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

inspection and maintenance of the circuit breakers. An automated online circuit breaker monitoring system is proposed to monitor condition, operation and status of high and medium voltage circuit breakers. By tracking equipment condition, this system could...

Djekic, Zarko

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

45

Privacy regulation and online advertising  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Advertisers use online customer data to target their marketing appeals. This has heightened consumers' privacy concerns, leading governments to pass laws designed to protect consumer privacy by restricting the use of data ...

Goldfarb, Avi

46

Matter Waves and Electricity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Classical four-dimensional relativity gives a most natural and harmonious interpretation of the three basic phenomena of nature: gravity, electricity, and the wave structure of matter, provided that the basic assumptions of the Einsteinian theory are modified in two respects: (1) the fundamental invariant of the action principle is chosen as a quadratic instead of a linear function of the curvature components; (2) the static equilibrium of the world is replaced by a dynamic equilibrium. Electricity comes out as a second-order resonance effect of the matter waves. The matter waves are gravitational waves but superposed not on an empty Euclidean space but on a space of high average curvature.

Cornelius Lanczos

1942-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Hot and dark matter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this thesis, we build new Effective Field Theory tools to describe the propagation of energetic partons in hot and dense media, and we propose two new reactions for dark matter in the early universe. In the first part, ...

D'Eramo, Francesco

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

The Heart of Matter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this article I trace the development of the human understanding of the "Heart of Matter" from early concepts of "elements" (or alternatively "Panchmahabhootas") to the current status of "quarks" and "leptons" as the fundamental constituents of matter, interacting together via exchange of the various force carrier particles called "gauge bosons" such as the photon, W/Z-boson etc. I would like to show how our understanding of the fundamental constituents of matter has gone hand in hand with our understanding of the fundamental forces in nature. I will also outline how the knowledge of particle physics at the "micro" scale of less than a Fermi(one millionth of a nanometer), enables us to offer explanations of Cosmological observations at the "macro" scale. Consequently these observations, may in turn, help us address some very fundamental questions of the Physics at the "Heart of the Matter".

Godbole, Rohini M

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

The Heart of Matter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this article I trace the development of the human understanding of the "Heart of Matter" from early concepts of "elements" (or alternatively "Panchmahabhootas") to the current status of "quarks" and "leptons" as the fundamental constituents of matter, interacting together via exchange of the various force carrier particles called "gauge bosons" such as the photon, W/Z-boson etc. I would like to show how our understanding of the fundamental constituents of matter has gone hand in hand with our understanding of the fundamental forces in nature. I will also outline how the knowledge of particle physics at the "micro" scale of less than a Fermi(one millionth of a nanometer), enables us to offer explanations of Cosmological observations at the "macro" scale. Consequently these observations, may in turn, help us address some very fundamental questions of the Physics at the "Heart of the Matter".

Rohini M. Godbole

2010-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

50

Atomic dark matter  

SciTech Connect

We propose that dark matter is dominantly comprised of atomic bound states. We build a simple model and map the parameter space that results in the early universe formation of hydrogen-like dark atoms. We find that atomic dark matter has interesting implications for cosmology as well as direct detection: Weak-scale dark atoms can accommodate hyperfine splittings of order 100 keV, consistent with the inelastic dark matter interpretation of the DAMA data while naturally evading direct detection bounds. Moreover, protohalo formation can be suppressed below M{sub proto} ? 10{sup 3}–10{sup 6}M{sub s}un for weak scale dark matter due to Ion-Radiation and Ion-Atom interactions in the dark sector.

Kaplan, David E.; Krnjaic, Gordan Z.; Rehermann, Keith R.; Wells, Christopher M., E-mail: dkaplan@pha.jhu.edu, E-mail: gordan@pha.jhu.edu, E-mail: keith@pha.jhu.edu, E-mail: cwells13@pha.jhu.edu [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Johns Hopkins University, 3400 North Charles Street, Baltimore, MD 21218-2686 (United States)

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Multi-parameter on-line coal bulk analysis  

SciTech Connect

This was a four-year grant that was given a no cost extension for one more year. The purpose of the grant was to develop a pulsed neutron-based technique that could measure on-line all the major and minor elements in coal. Such measurements would allow the continuous monitoring of bulk parameters such as coal heating value (BTU/lb), volatile matter, moisture etc., deemed important to the coal industry. Such parameters, along with the continuous measurement of elements such as sulfur and sodium, are of major economic and environmental concern, and their measurement would assist in a more efficient use of the coal-fired boilers, as well as limiting emissions controlled by the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments. It was hoped that this study would lead to the development of a technique able to create a marketable product, an On-Line Elemental Coal Analyzer. The study was separated in the following major parts: (1) Devise an efficient system for the detection of gamma rays; (2) Prior to experimentation, perform modeling and simulations for items such as detector shielding, coal sample configuration, and neutron tube collimation; (3) Develop a computer code for data reduction and analysis; (4) Measure the elemental composition of various coal samples; and (5) Design a prototype, on-line elemental coal analyzer, based on the PFTNA principle.

NONE

1999-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

START USING THE NEW ONLINE METER  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

START USING THE NEW ONLINE METER REQUEST FORM TOOL CAS login Logging in with your Princeton Net and convenient way for departments to send outgoing metered mail with Mail Services! The new Online Meter Request

Singh, Jaswinder Pal

53

Online optimization in routing and scheduling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this thesis we study online optimization problems in routing and scheduling. An online problem is one where the problem instance is revealed incrementally. Decisions can (and sometimes must) be made before all information ...

Wagner, Michael R. (Michael Robert), 1978-

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

National High Magnetic Field Laboratory - Online Tour  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Audio Slideshows Arrow Online Tour Welcome to the Mag Lab's online tour. As we show you around the Florida State University branch of the world's biggest magnet lab, our scientists...

55

Materials/Condensed Matter  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Materials/Condensed Matter Print Materials/Condensed Matter Print Materials research provides the foundation on which the economic well being of our high-tech society rests. The impact of advanced materials ranges dramatically over every aspect of our modern world from the minutiae of daily life to the grand scale of our national economy. Invariably, however, breakthroughs to new technologies trace their origin both to fundamental research in the basic properties of condensed matter and to applied research aimed at manipulating properties (structural, physical, chemical, electrical, magnetic, optical, etc.). Increasingly, the frontiers of materials research include materials that are "strongly correlated," characterized by strong coupling between a material's electrons with other electrons, magnetism, or the material lattice itself. This coupling often results in novel behavior, such as superconductivity, that may lead to technologically important applications.

56

Thermodynamics of clusterized matter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Thermodynamics of clusterized matter is studied in the framework of statistical models with non-interacting cluster degrees of freedom. At variance with the analytical Fisher model, exact Metropolis simulation results indicate that the transition from homogeneous to clusterized matter lies along the $\\rho=\\rho_0$ axis at all temperatures and the limiting point of the phase diagram is not a critical point even if the surface energy vanishes at this point. Sensitivity of the inferred phase diagram to the employed statistical framework in the case of finite systems is discussed by considering the grand-canonical and constant-pressure canonical ensembles. A Wigner-Seitz formalism in which the fragment charge is neutralized by an uniform electron distribution allows to build the phase diagram of neutron star matter.

Ad. R. Raduta; F. Gulminelli

2009-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

57

Massivizing Online Games: Distributed Computing Challenges and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Massivizing Online Social Games Scheduling in IaaS Clouds Gamification in Higher Education May 9 May 27 June 5

Iosup, Alexandru

58

Cornell University's Online Aboveground Petroleum Tank  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cornell University's Online Aboveground Petroleum Tank Inspection Program How To's Petroleum Bulk-material-storage/petroleum-bulk-storage/Documents/Inspect_GD.pdf What is Cornell University's Online Aboveground Petroleum Tank Inspection Program? Cornell University's Online Aboveground Petroleum Tank Inspection Program enables assigned tank inspectors to record

Pawlowski, Wojtek

59

Antihelium from Dark Matter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cosmic-ray anti-nuclei provide a promising discovery channel for the indirect detection of particle dark matter. Hadron showers produced by the pair-annihilation or decay of Galactic dark matter generate anti-nucleons which can in turn form light anti-nuclei. Previous studies have only focused on the spectrum and flux of low energy antideuterons which, although very rarely, are occasionally also produced by cosmic-ray spallation. Heavier elements ($A\\geq3$) have instead entirely negligible astrophysical background and a primary yield from dark matter which could be detectable by future experiments. Using a Monte Carlo event generator and an event-by-event phase space analysis, we compute, for the first time, the production spectrum of \\antihe and \\antiT for dark matter annihilating or decaying to $b\\bar{b}$ and ${W^+}{W^-}$ final states. We then employ a semi-analytic model of interstellar and heliospheric propagation to calculate the \\antihe flux as well as to provide tools to relate the anti-helium spectrum...

Carlson, Eric; Linden, Tim; Profumo, Stefano; Ibarra, Alejandro; Wild, Sebastian

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Antihelium from dark matter  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Cosmic-ray antinuclei provide a promising discovery channel for the indirect detection of particle dark matter. Hadron showers produced by the pair annihilation or decay of Galactic dark matter generate antinucleons which can in turn form light antinuclei. Previous studies have only focused on the spectrum and flux of low energy antideuterons which, although very rarely, are occasionally also produced by cosmic-ray spallation. Heavier elements (A?3) have instead entirely negligible astrophysical background and a primary yield from dark matter which could be detectable by future experiments. Using a Monte Carlo event generator and an event-by-event phase space analysis, we compute, for the first time, the production spectrum of He¯3 and H¯3 for dark matter annihilating or decaying to bb¯ and W+W? final states. We then employ a semianalytic model of interstellar and heliospheric propagation to calculate the He¯3 flux as well as to provide tools to relate the antihelium spectrum corresponding to an arbitrary antideuteron spectrum. Finally, we discuss prospects for current and future experiments, including GAPS and AMS-02.

Eric Carlson; Adam Coogan; Tim Linden; Stefano Profumo; Alejandro Ibarra; Sebastian Wild

2014-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "matters online townhall" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Tunguska Dark Matter Ball  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is suggested that the Tunguska event in June 1908 cm-large was due to a cm-large ball of a condensate of bound states of 6 top and 6 anti-top quarks containing highly compressed ordinary matter. Such balls are supposed to make up the dark matter as we earlier proposed. The expected rate of impact of this kind of dark matter ball with the earth seems to crudely match a time scale of 200 years between the impacts. The main explosion of the Tunguska event is explained in our picture as material coming out from deep within the earth, where it has been heated and compressed by the ball penetrating to a depth of several thousand km. Thus the effect has some similarity with volcanic activity as suggested by Kundt. We discuss the possible identification of kimberlite pipes with earlier Tunguska-like events. A discussion of how the dark matter balls may have formed in the early universe is also given.

C. D. Froggatt; H. B. Nielsen

2014-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

62

Tunguska Dark Matter Ball  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is suggested that the Tunguska event in June 1908 cm-large was due to a cm-large ball of a condensate of bound states of 6 top and 6 anti-top quarks containing highly compressed ordinary matter. Such balls are supposed to make up the dark matter as we earlier proposed. The expected rate of impact of this kind of dark matter ball with the earth seems to crudely match a time scale of 200 years between the impacts. The main explosion of the Tunguska event is explained in our picture as material coming out from deep within the earth, where it has been heated and compressed by the ball penetrating to a depth of several thousand km. Thus the effect has some similarity with volcanic activity as suggested by Kundt. We discuss the possible identification of kimberlite pipes with earlier Tunguska-like events. A discussion of how the dark matter balls may have formed in the early universe is also given.

Froggatt, C D

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Matter & Energy Nanotechnology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to electrical energy in order to power electronic devices, these results point to an advantage in reducingSee Also: Matter & Energy Nanotechnology Materials Science Technology Energy Technology Civil of potential functionalities, ranging from single-nanowire lasers and LEDs to more complex devices

Espinosa, Horacio D.

64

Matter & Energy Nanotechnology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

See also: Matter & Energy Nanotechnology Civil Engineering Chemistry Computers & Math Computer www.carbodeon.com Nanotechnology afm Perform better live cell research! Non-invasive, in-liquid AFM cures Had flu? You m Science News Share Blog Cite Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Plants & Animals Earth

Espinosa, Horacio D.

65

Matter & Energy Wind Energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

See Also: Matter & Energy Wind Energy Energy Technology Physics Nuclear Energy Petroleum 27, 2012) -- Energy flowing from large-scale to small-scale places may be prevented from flowing, indicating that there are energy flows from large to small scale in confined space. Indeed, under a specific

Shepelyansky, Dima

66

Matter & Energy Solar Energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

See Also: Matter & Energy Solar Energy· Electronics· Materials Science· Earth & Climate Energy and the Environment · Renewable Energy· Environmental Science · Reference Chemical compound· Semiconductor· Gallium at the University of Illinois, the future of solar energy just got brighter. Although silicon is the industry

Rogers, John A.

67

Matter & Energy Engineering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. AmericanEnergyProperties.com Related Stories New Facility BoostsGasHydrates Research (June 2, 2008) --A new & Climate Global Warming Environmental Issues Climate Reference Natural gas Hydrocarbon Automobile emissionsLike 6 0 | More APA MLA See Also: Matter & Energy Petroleum Engineering Fossil Fuels Earth

Sóbester, András

68

Dark matter, not magnetism  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Astronomical Society. Provided by the NASA Astrophysics Data System 1 March 1993 research-article Letters Dark matter, not magnetism Massimo Persic 1 2 Paolo Salucci 1 1 Notice that most optical rotation curves, coming from the gas-emitted H alpha line......

Massimo Persic; Paolo Salucci

1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Online Marketing Analytics Spring 2009  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

- 1 - Online Marketing Analytics Syllabus Spring 2009 #12;- 2 - Course Description: The practice of marketing is changing. Due to increasing desktop computing power and companies amassing massive amounts of data, marketing decisions made by companies are becoming more and more data based. This holds in many

Jank, Wolfgang

70

Free Energy Code Online Discussion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Free Energy Code Online Discussion for Building Department Personnel Join us for this FREE 90 by California utility customers under the auspices of the California Public Utilities Commission and in support -- availability subject to enrollment levels: Tuesday, October 1 ­ Click here to register Wednesday, October 2

71

Dark Matter Gravitational Interactions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We argue that the conjectured dark mater in the Universe may be endowed with a new kind of gravitational charge that couples to a short range gravitational interaction mediated by a massive vector field. A model is constructed that assimilates this concept into ideas of current inflationary cosmology. The model is also consistent with the observed behaviour of galactic rotation curves according to Newtonian dynamics. The essential idea is that stars composed of ordinary (as opposed to dark matter) experience Newtonian forces due to the presence of an all pervading background of massive gravitationally charged cold dark matter. The novel gravitational interactions are predicted to have a significant influence on pre-inflationary cosmology. The precise details depend on the nature of a gravitational Proca interaction and the description of matter. A gravitational Proca field configuration that gives rise to attractive forces between dark matter charges of like polarity exhibits homogeneous isotropic eternal cosmologies that are free of cosmological curvature singularities thus eliminating the horizon problem associated with the standard big-bang scenario. Such solutions do however admit dense hot pre-inflationary epochs each with a characteristic scale factor that may be correlated with the dark matter density in the current era of expansion. The model is based on a theory in which a modification of Einsteinian gravity at very short distances can be expressed in terms of the gradient of the Einstein metric and the torsion of a non-Riemannian connection on the bundle of linear frames over spacetime. Indeed we demonstrate that the genesis of the model resides in a remarkable simplification that occurs when one analyses the variational equations associated with a broad class of non-Riemannian actions.

R. W. Tucker; C. Wang

1996-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

72

Energy Matters in Washington State Page 1 Energy Matters  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy Matters in Washington State ­ Page 1 Energy Matters in Washington State June 2008 Updated November 2009 Updated and Revised October 2013 Grand Coulee Dam #12;Energy Matters in Washington State ­ Page 2 Copyright © 2013 Washington State University Energy Program. 905 Plum Street SE, P.O. Box 43169

Collins, Gary S.

73

The Search for Dark Matter  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

More than 25 years ago, PNNL scientists began the first underground measurements searching for dark matter using specialized radiation detector technology. Dark matter is yet to be discovered says Physicist John L. Orrell.

Orrell, John

2014-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

74

The Search for Dark Matter  

SciTech Connect

More than 25 years ago, PNNL scientists began the first underground measurements searching for dark matter using specialized radiation detector technology. Dark matter is yet to be discovered says Physicist John L. Orrell.

Orrell, John

2013-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

75

Quantum Condensed Matter | More Science | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Quantum Condensed Matter SHARE Quantum Condensed Matter Neutron scattering is a uniquely powerful probe for measuring the structure and dynamics of condensed matter. As such it is...

76

Quantum Condensed Matter | Neutron Science | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Quantum Condensed Matter SHARE Quantum Condensed Matter Neutron scattering is a uniquely powerful probe for measuring the structure and dynamics of condensed matter. As such it is...

77

Direct search for dark matter  

SciTech Connect

Dark matter is hypothetical matter which does not interact with electromagnetic radiation. The existence of dark matter is only inferred from gravitational effects of astrophysical observations to explain the missing mass component of the Universe. Weakly Interacting Massive Particles are currently the most popular candidate to explain the missing mass component. I review the current status of experimental searches of dark matter through direct detection using terrestrial detectors.

Yoo, Jonghee; /Fermilab

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Particulate matter dynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A substantial fraction of the particulate matter released into the atmosphere by industrial or natural processes corresponds to particles whose aerodynamic diameters are greater than 50 mm. It has been shown that, for these particles, the classical description of Gaussian plume diffusion processes, is inadequate to describe the transport and deposition. In this paper we present new results concerning the dispersion of coarse particulate matter. The simulations are done with our own code that uses the Bulirsch Stoer numerical integrator to calculate threedimensional trajectories of particles released into the environment under very general conditions. Turbulent processes are simulated by the Langevin equation and weather conditions are modeled after stable (Monin-Obukhov length L> 0) and unstable conditions (L <0). We present several case studies based on Monte Carlo simulations and discusses the effect of weather on the final deposition of these particles.

Cionco, Rodolfo G; Caligaris, Marta G

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Brookhaven Condensed Matter Physics  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Condensed Matter Physics Condensed Matter Physics Condensed matter physicists study the properties of bulk matter-solids and liquids-as well as the properties exhibited at surfaces and interfaces, with a view to obtaining a fundamental understanding of the unusual properties that materials can exhibit. These problems are some of the most challenging in physics today, but have the huge pay-off in that such an understanding may ultimately lead to improved materials for use in applications as diverse as computing, memory storage, electric motors, and energy storage and transport. At Brookhaven Lab, this work includes both experimental and theoretical studies. Much of the experimental work carried out today uses the National Synchrotron Light Source (NSLS, shown at right)-one of the premiere synchrotron light sources of the last two decades. Commissioned in the 1980s, the NSLS is host to more than 2,200 users per year and produces copious amounts of light, from the infrared to the ultraviolet to the x-ray. By using this light as a probe, scientists can learn about the arrangement of the atoms and electrons in the materials and how they behave under various conditions. Among other projects, BNL scientists have played leading roles in the development and application of resonant and inelastic x-ray scattering techniques to the study of magnetic and other materials, have pioneered the use of photoemission techniques (based on the photoelectric effect that Einstein first understood 100 years ago) for looking at electronic and magnetic materials, and have carried out some of the seminal experiments to understand the atomic and magnetic structure at surfaces.

80

BOREAS Survey On-Line  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

FF33"> FF33"> BOREAS Survey On-Line To improve the BOREAS and BOREAS Follow-On data sets and to meet users' needs, we are conducting a survey. The BOREAS and BOREAS Follow-On data sets continue to be important products at the ORNL DAAC. To date we have provided over 8,000 data products from these projects to nearly 1,500 users. We invite you to fill out this survey, identifying any problems you had with the data and documentation or any difficulties you experienced in finding and acquiring the data sets. Information you provide will enable us to address problems that need attention. It will also help us determine which aspects of the BOREAS and BOREAS Follow-On information need to be expanded. You can complete the survey at the BOREAS Home Page. After you complete the on-line survey, submit your answers to the ORNL

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "matters online townhall" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Online map of buildings using radiant technologies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

data in science, technology and innovation. TechnologicalTopic D1: Smart and mobile technologies ONLINE MAP OFBUILDINGS USING RADIANT TECHNOLOGIES Caroline KARMANN 1,* ,

Karmann, Caroline; Schiavon, Stefano; Bauman, Fred

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Optimization Online - All Areas Submissions - January 2009  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Applications — Science and Engineering On the Optimal On-Line Management of Photovoltaic-Hydrogen Hybrid Energy Systems Victor Zavala, Mihai Anitescu, ...

83

Information, Planning, and Conservation (IPAC) online screening...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Information, Planning, and Conservation (IPAC) online screening tool Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- OtherOther: Information,...

84

Optimization Online - Search or Browse Submissions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Search or Browse Optimization Online Submissions. Advanced Search using Our Search Engine. Enter your search terms: name of author(s), title, keywords, ...

85

Get Online Support, Feel Better--Sentiment Analysis and Dynamics in an Online Cancer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Get Online Support, Feel Better--Sentiment Analysis and Dynamics in an Online Cancer Survivor and Technology The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802 American Cancer Society, Inc. 250}@ist.psu.edu, {greta.greer, kenneth.portier}@cancer.org Abstract--Many users join online health communities (OHC

86

Cornell University's Online Aboveground Petroleum Tank Inspection Program  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cornell University's Online Aboveground Petroleum Tank Inspection Program How To's What is Cornell University's Online Aboveground Petroleum Tank Inspection Program? Cornell University's Online Aboveground Petroleum Tank Inspection Program enables assigned tank inspectors to record their monthly aboveground tank

Pawlowski, Wojtek

87

Online at the Energy Department | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Online at the Energy Department Online at the Energy Department March 7, 2013 - 2:06pm Addthis Online at the Energy Department April Saylor April Saylor Former Digital Outreach...

88

Online Project Management Certification Syllabus Project management has evolved into a business practice that is closely aligned with the organizational and strategic goals of today's  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Online Project Management Certification Syllabus Overview Project management has evolved. No matter what product or service a business offers, it has projects that must be delivered on time, on budget within scope and with much greater predictability. Project management provides established

Reisslein, Martin

89

Nuclear Matter and Nuclear Dynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Highlights on the recent research activity, carried out by the Italian Community involved in the "Nuclear Matter and Nuclear Dynamics" field, will be presented.

M Colonna

2009-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

90

National Instruments online training and training credits offering...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

offer online training and training credits for those interested in attending instructor led web or classroom sessions on the latest NI tools. Self-paced online training is...

91

New Online Marketplace for Small Business Contracting Launched...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

New Online Marketplace for Small Business Contracting Launched by Presidential Fellows New Online Marketplace for Small Business Contracting Launched by Presidential Fellows...

92

Web Mapping and Online GIS Applications for Renewable Energy...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Web Mapping and Online GIS Applications for Renewable Energy Web Mapping and Online GIS Applications for Renewable Energy Presentation at the May 26, 2010, TAP Webinar presented by...

93

Corporate Training On-Site Online Global  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MAKE THE RIGHT MOVE Corporate Training On-Site · Online · Global IMPROVE YOUR COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGE WITH WORLD-CLASS ON-SITE AND ONLINE SOLUTIONS TAILORED TO MEET YOUR BUSINESS AND EMPLOYEE TRAINING NEEDS a competitive advantage depends on how well your staff executes. UCIrvineExtension's Corporate Training helps

Barrett, Jeffrey A.

94

Online Deadline Scheduling with Bounded Energy Efficiency  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Online Deadline Scheduling with Bounded Energy Efficiency Joseph Wun-Tat Chan1 , Tak-Wah Lam 2 concern when compared to throughput and the schedules targeted may be very poor in energy efficiency subject to a user-defined threshold of energy efficiency. We first show that all deterministic online

Wong, Prudence W.H.

95

Fresh Food Online Supermarket Development Study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The preservation of fresh food is difficult, so the problems of food safety and the waste of it are very serious. The development of Fresh food online supermarkets will contribute to solve the problem. On the basis of describing the concept, scope and ... Keywords: Cold Chain Logistics, Food Safety, Fresh Food, Internet, Online Supermarket, SWOT

Xie Xiang, Liu Jiashi, Guan Zhongliang, Ke Xinsheng

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Competition and Fraud in Online Advertising Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Competition and Fraud in Online Advertising Markets Bob Mungamuru1 and Stephen Weis2 1 Stanford of the online advertising market is presented, fo- cusing on the effect of ad fraud. In the model, the market is comprised of three classes of players: publishers, advertising networks, and advertisers. The central

Tomkins, Andrew

97

Secluded WIMP Dark Matter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider a generic mechanism via which thermal relic WIMP dark matter may be decoupled from the Standard Model, namely through a combination of WIMP annihilation to metastable mediators with subsequent delayed decay to Standard Model states. We illustrate this with explicit examples of WIMPs connected to the Standard Model by metastable bosons or fermions. In all models, provided the WIMP mass is greater than that of the mediator, it can be secluded from the Standard Model with an extremely small elastic scattering cross-section on nuclei and rate for direct collider production. In contrast, indirect signatures from WIMP annihilation are consistent with a weak scale cross-section and provide potentially observable \\gamma-ray signals. We also point out that \\gamma-ray constraints and flavor physics impose severe restrictions on MeV-scale variants of secluded models, and identify limited classes that pass all the observational constraints.

Maxim Pospelov; Adam Ritz; Mikhail B. Voloshin

2007-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

98

Field Theory of Matter  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A speculative field theory of matter is developed. Simple computational methods are used in a preliminary survey of its consequences. The theory exploits the known properties of leptons by means of a principle of symmetry between electrical and nucleonic charge. There are fundamental fields with spins 0, ½, 1. The spinless field is neutral. Spin ½ and 1 fields can carry both electrical and nucleonic charge. The multiplicity of any nonzero charge is 3. Explicit dynamical mechanisms for the breakdown of unitary symmetry and for the muon-electron mass difference are given. A more general view of lepton properties is proposed. Mass relations for baryon and meson multiplets are derived, together with approximate couplings among the multiplets. The weakness of ? production in ?-N collisions and the suppression of the ???+? decay is explained.

Julian Schwinger

1964-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

99

Climate Data Online (CDO) | Data.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Climate Data Online (CDO) Climate Data Online (CDO) Agriculture Community Menu DATA APPS EVENTS DEVELOPER STATISTICS COLLABORATE ABOUT Agriculture You are here Data.gov » Communities » Agriculture » Data Climate Data Online (CDO) Dataset Summary Description Climate Data online or CDO provides access to climate data products through a simple, searchable online web mapping service. Users can find a variety of NCDC products via CDO including the Global Historical Climatology Network-Daily and the new 1981-2010 Annual, Monthly and Daily 30-year Normals. Tags {"climate data","climatological data","weather data",temperature,precipitation,drought,wind,dewpoint,satellite,hurricane,storm,snow,"climate center","climate research","NCDC National Climatic Data Center","natural resources",environment,water,air,soil,"weather "}

100

Dark Matter Searches with GLAST  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Indirect detection of particle dark matter relies upon pair annihilation of Weakly Interaction Massive Particles (WIMPs), which is complementary to the well known techniques of direct detection (WIMP-nucleus scattering) and collider production (WIMP pair production). Pair annihilation of WIMPs results in the production of gamma-rays, neutrinos, and anti-matter. Of the various experiments sensitive to indirect detection of dark matter, the Gamma-ray Large Area Space Telescope (GLAST) may play the most crucial role in the next few years. After launch in late 2007, The GLAST Large Area Telescope (LAT) will survey the gamma-ray sky in the energy range of 20MeV-300GeV. By eliminating charged particle background above 100 MeV, GLAST may be sensitive to as yet to be observed Milky Way dark matter subhalos, as well as WIMP pair annihilation spectral lines from the Milky Way halo. Discovery of gamma-ray signals from dark matter in the Milky Way would not only demonstrate the particle nature of dark matter; it would also open a new observational window on galactic dark matter substructure. Location of new dark matter sources by GLAST would dramatically alter the experimental landscape; ground based gamma ray telescopes could follow up on the new GLAST sources with precision measurements of the WIMP pair annihilation spectrum.

Lawrence Wai; GLAST LAT Collaboration

2007-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "matters online townhall" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
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101

dark matter dark energy inflation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

theory dark matter dark energy inflation The National Science Foundation The Kavli Foundation NSF Site Review November 28-29, 2005 #12;dark matter dark energy inflation NSF Site Visit ­ November 28 - 29, 2005The National Science Foundation The Kavli Foundation The Theoretical Web UHE cosmic rays B

Hu, Wayne

102

Organic matter in ancient meteorites  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......asteroids. 3: Organic matter in...lead to the production of hydroxy...useful in cell membranes...a part in cell membranes...meteorite organic matter because...form the solar system bequeathed...the early solar system and organic-inorganic......

Mark A Sephton

2004-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Energy Matters in Washington State  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy Matters in Washington State Energy Matters in Washington State www.energy.wsu.edu/library/ November 2009 #12;905 Plum Street SE, Building 3 P.O. Box 43169 Olympia, Washington 98504-3169 Energy University Extension Energy Program. 905 Plum Street SE, Building 3, P.O. Box 43169, Olympia, Washington

Collins, Gary S.

104

A Reconsideration of Matter Waves  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Matter waves were discovered in the early 20th century from their wavelength, predicted by DeBroglie, Planck's constant divided by the particle's momentum, that is, lmw = h/mv. But, the failure to obtain a reasonable theory for the matter wave frequency resulted somewhat in loss of further interest. It was expected that the frequency of the matter wave should correspond to the particle kinetic energy, that is, fmw = 1/2mv^2/h but the resulting velocity of the matter of the particle, v = fmw x lmw, is that the matter wave moves at one half the speed of the particle, obviously absurd as the particle and its wave must move together. If relativistic mass is used (as it should in any case) the problem remains, the same mass appearing in numerator and denominator and canceling. It is no help to hypothesize that the total energy, not just the kinetic energy, yields the matter wave. That attributes a matter wave to a particle at rest. It also gives the resulting velocity as c^2/v, the wave racing ahead of its particle. A reinterpretation of Einstein's derivation of relativistic kinetic energy (which produced his famous E = mc^2) leads to a valid matter wave frequency and a new understanding of particle kinetics and of the atom's stable orbits.

Roger Ellman

2005-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

105

Energy Gap in Nuclear Matter  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......research-article Articles Energy Gap in Nuclear Matter Takeshi Ishihara a...Research, Kokubunji, Tokyo An energy gap in nuclear matter is studied. The nucleon-nucleon...1966) pp. 1026-1042 Nuclear Force and Energy Gap in Finite Nuclei Hiroharu......

Takeshi Ishihara; Ryozo Tamagaki; Hajime Tanaka; Masaru Yasuno

1963-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Online Marketplace for Residential Measures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

experimenting with online marketplaces/LED lighting ? Current marketplace solutions are not meeting the needs (or volume requirements) of REPs ? There is an education gap about quality products to promote ? There is a lack of urgency for customers to buy now 7... LED 31% 8w R20 LED 1% 10w BR30 LED 23% 12w BR40 LED Dimm 11% 5w Candle LED E12 Base 7% 10.5w A19 Omni SlimStyle 13% 15w A21 LED 2% 10.5w BR30 LED 1% A21 Omni LED 1% 20w Par38 LED 5% 8w G25 Globe LED 5% 7w MR16 LED 0% # Sold ESL-KT-14-11-09 CATEE...

Ashe,J.; MBA; BEP

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

MiniCLEAN Dark Matter Experiment  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

MiniCLEAN MiniCLEAN Dark Matter Experiment Investigating the field of high energy physics through experiments that strengthen our fundamental understanding of matter, energy,...

108

Online social network sensors for influenza outbreaks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Previous research has shown strong correlations between postings on the online social network Twitter where users complain of influenza-like symptoms, and clinical data on actual influenza rates. In addition, previous ...

Everett, Katie Elizabeth

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Online decision problems with large strategy sets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In an online decision problem, an algorithm performs a sequence of trials, each of which involves selecting one element from a fixed set of alternatives (the "strategy set") whose costs vary over time. After T trials, the ...

Kleinberg, Robert David

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Developing courseware to support online discussion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

For my Master of Engineering thesis, I designed and implemented an online discussion forum in an attempt to improve student learning. Aided with the help of Professor Jonathon Cummings 15.351 course (Introduction to ...

Wang, Benjamin Luke

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Online Display Advertising: Targeting and Intrusiveness  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We use data from a large-scale field experiment to explore what influences the effectiveness of online advertising. We find that matching an ad to website content and increasing an ad's obtrusiveness independently increase ...

Tucker, Catherine Elizabeth

112

Online Social Networks: Threats and Solutions Survey  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Online social network users are unaware of the numerous security risks that exist in these networks, which can include privacy violations, identity theft, and sexual harassment, just to mention a few. According to recent studies, many online social network users readily expose personal and intimate details about themselves, such as relationship status, date of birth, school name, email, phone number, and even home addresses. This information, if fallen into the wrong hands, can be used to harm users, both in the virtual and in the real world. These risks become more severe when the users are children. In this paper we present a thorough survey on the different security and privacy risks which threaten the well-being of online social network users in general and children in particular. In addition, we present an overview of existing solutions that can provide better protection, security, and privacy for online social network users.

Fire, Michael; Elovici, Yuval

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

On-Line Magazines, Journals, and Books  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Internet is a great source for on-line magazines, journals, and books. Several different types are obtainable, from basic text formats to interactive Web documents. Netscape makes it easy to access all of ...

Richard Raucci

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Online Raman spectroscopy for bioprocess monitoring  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Online monitoring of bioprocesses is essential to expanding the potential of biotechnology. In this thesis, a system to estimate concentrations of chemical components of an Escherichia Coli fermentation growth medium via ...

Gil, Gustavo Adolfo

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

News from Online—Plants and Photosynthesis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

News from Online—Plants and Photosynthesis ... The second video highlights the impact of the first photosynthetic organisms on Earth as they filled our planet’s atmosphere with oxygen over billions of years (6). ...

Lynn M. Diener

2010-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

116

Hot and Dense QCD Matter  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

QCD Matter QCD Matter A Community White Paper on the Future of Relativistic Heavy-Ion Physics in the US Unraveling the Mysteries of the Strongly Interacting Quark-Gluon-Plasma Executive Summary This document presents the response of the US relativistic heavy-ion community to the request for comments by the NSAC Subcommittee, chaired by Robert Tribble, that is tasked to recommend optimizations to the US Nuclear Science Program over the next five years. The study of the properties of hot and dense QCD matter is one of the four main areas of nuclear physics research described in the 2007 NSAC Long Range Plan. The US nuclear physics community plays a leading role in this research area and has been instrumental in its most important discovery made over the past decade, namely that hot and dense QCD matter acts as a strongly interacting system with unique and previously unexpected

117

Suprathermal viscosity of dense matter  

SciTech Connect

Motivated by the existence of unstable modes of compact stars that eventually grow large, we study the bulk viscosity of dense matter, taking into account non-linear effects arising in the large amplitude regime, where the deviation {mu}{sub {Delta}} of the chemical potentials from chemical equilibrium fulfills {mu}{sub {Delta}} > or approx. T. We find that this supra-thermal bulk viscosity can provide a potential mechanism for saturating unstable modes in compact stars since the viscosity is strongly enhanced. Our study confirms previous results on strange quark matter and shows that the suprathermal enhancement is even stronger in the case of hadronic matter. We also comment on the competition of different weak channels and the presence of suprathermal effects in various color superconducting phases of dense quark matter.

Alford, Mark; Mahmoodifar, Simin; Schwenzer, Kai [Department of Physics, Washington University in St. Louis, Missouri, 63130 (United States)

2010-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

118

Physical Protection of Classified Matter  

Directives, Delegations, and Requirements

The order establishes policy and objectives for physical protection of classified matter. This directive does not cancel another directive. Chg 1, 7-30-93. Canceled by 5632.1C.

1988-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

119

What's the matter at RHIC?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

I present here a concise review of the experimental results obtained at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC), which shed light on the hot and dense quark gluon matter produced at these high temperature and density conditions.

Raphael Granier de Cassagnac

2007-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

120

Shear viscosity of nuclear matter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this talk I report my recent study on the shear viscosity of neutron-rich nuclear matter from a relaxation time approach. An isospin- and momentum-dependent interaction is used in the study. Effects of density, temperature, and isospin asymmetry of nuclear matter on its shear viscosity have been discussed. Similar to the symmetry energy, the symmetry shear viscosity is defined and its density and temperature dependence are studied.

Jun Xu

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

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121

Lorentz-violating dark matter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LORENTZ-VIOLATING DARK MATTER A Dissertation by ANTONIO R. MONDRAGON Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY May 2007 Major Subject...: Physics LORENTZ-VIOLATING DARK MATTER A Dissertation by ANTONIO R. MONDRAGON Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY Approved by: Chair...

Mondragon, Antonio Richard

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

122

Cosmology, Thermodynamics and Matter Creation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Several approaches to the matter creation problem in the context of cosmological models are summarily reviewed. A covariant formulation of the general relativistic imperfect simple fluid endowed with a process of matter creation is presented. By considering the standard big bang model, it is shown how the recent results of Prigogine et alii \\cite{1} can be recovered and, at the same time their limits of validity are explicited.

J. A. S. Lima; M. O. Calvao; I. Waga

2007-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

123

An online climate database for Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

AN ONLINE CLIMATE DATABASE FOR TEXAS A Thesis by MICHELE LYNN NORDEEN Submitted to the OAice of Graduate Studies of Texas ARM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 2000 Major Subject...: Atmospheric Sciences AN ONLINE CLIMATE DATABASE FOR TEXAS A Thesis by MICHELE LYNN NORDEEN Submitted to Texas ARM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE Approved as to style and content by: Kenneth R...

Nordeen, Michele Lynn

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

124

Double-Disk Dark Matter  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Based on observational tests of large scale structure and constraints on halo structure, dark matter is generally taken to be cold and essentially collisionless. On the other hand, given the large number of particles and forces in the visible world, a more complex dark sector could be a reasonable or even likely possibility. This hypothesis leads to testable consequences, perhaps portending the discovery of a rich hidden world neighboring our own. We consider a scenario that readily satisfies current bounds that we call Partially Interacting Dark Matter (PIDM). This scenario contains self-interacting dark matter, but it is not the dominant component. Even if PIDM contains only a fraction of the net dark matter density, comparable to the baryonic fraction, the subdominant component’s interactions can lead to interesting and potentially observable consequences. Our primary focus will be the special case of Double-Disk Dark Matter (DDDM), in which self-interactions allow the dark matter to lose enough energy to lead to dynamics similar to those in the baryonic sector. We explore a simple model in which DDDM can cool efficiently and form a disk within galaxies, and we evaluate some of the possible observational signatures. The most prominent signal of such a scenario could be an enhanced indirect detection signature with a distinctive spatial distribution. Even though subdominant, the enhanced density at the center of the galaxy and possibly throughout the plane of the galaxy (depending on precise alignment) can lead to large boost factors, and could even explain a signature as large as the 130 GeV Fermi line. Such scenarios also predict additional dark radiation degrees of freedom that could soon be detectable and would influence the interpretation of future data, such as that from Planck and from the Gaia satellite. We consider this to be the first step toward exploring a rich array of new possibilities for dark matter dynamics.

JiJi Fan; Andrey Katz; Lisa Randall; Matthew Reece

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Home Bias in Online Investments: An Empirical Study of an Online Crowd Funding Market  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Home Bias in Online Investments: An Empirical Study of an Online Crowd Funding Market documented "home bias," the tendency that transactions are more likely to occur between parties in the same moved. Home bias appears to be a robust phenomenon under all three scenarios. This finding has important

Sekhon, Jasjeet S.

126

Home Bias in Online Investments: An Empirical Study of an Online Crowd Funding Market  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Home Bias in Online Investments: An Empirical Study of an Online Crowd Funding Market and finance has documented "home bias," the tendency that transactions are more likely to occur between when those borrowers moved. Home bias appears to be a robust phenomenon under all three scenarios

Sekhon, Jasjeet S.

127

Cryogenic Dark Matter Search (CDMS): The Hunt for Dark Matter  

SciTech Connect

Deciphering the nature of dark matter has great scientific importance. A leading hypothesis is that dark matter is made of Weakly Interactive Massive Particles (WIMPs), which may result from supersymmetry or additional spatial dimensions. The underground search for elastic scattering of WIMPs on suitable targets (the so-called 'direct detection') is currently led by the Cryogenic Dark Matter Search II (CDMS II) experiment. Its sensitivity is ten times better than any other experiment and we hope to obtain another factor ten in the coming two years. After a brief recall of our recent results, I will describe the complementarity between direct detection experiments, the LHC and the ILC and I will outline the role that SLAC could play in this SuperCDMS program.

Sadoulet, Bernard (UC Berkeley) [UC Berkeley

2006-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

128

Vacuum energy as dark matter  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We consider the vacuum energy of massive quantum fields in an expanding universe. We define a conserved renormalized energy-momentum tensor by means of a comoving cutoff regularization. Using exact solutions for de Sitter space-time, we show that in a certain range of mass and renormalization scales there is a contribution to the vacuum energy density that scales as nonrelativistic matter and that such a contribution becomes dominant at late times. By means of the WKB approximation, we find that these results can be extended to arbitrary Robertson-Walker geometries. We study the range of parameters in which the vacuum energy density would be compatible with current limits on dark matter abundance. Finally, by calculating the vacuum energy in a perturbed Robertson-Walker background, we obtain the speed of sound of density perturbations and show that the vacuum energy density contrast can grow on sub-Hubble scales as in standard cold dark matter scenarios.

F.?D. Albareti; J.?A.?R. Cembranos; A.?L. Maroto

2014-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

129

Energy Gap in Nuclear Matter  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The magnitude of the energy gap in nuclear matter associated with a highly correlated ground state of of the type believed to be important in the theory of superconductivity has been evaluated theoretically. The integral equation of Cooper, Mills, and Sessler is linearized and transformed into a form suitable for numerical solution. The energy gap, calculated by using an appropriate single-particle potential and the Gammel-Thaler two-body potential, is found to be a very strong function of the density of nuclear matter, and of the effective mass at the Fermi surface. It is concluded that the magnitude of the energy gap for nuclear matter should not be compared directly with experimental values for finite nuclei, although the results suggest that if the theory is extended to apply to finite nuclei it probably would be in agreement with experiment.

V. J. Emery and A. M. Sessler

1960-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Chiral condensate in neutron matter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A recent chiral perturbation theory calculation of the in-medium quark condensate $$ is extended to the isospin-asymmetric case of pure neutron matter. In contrast to the behavior in isospin-symmetric nuclear matter we find only small deviations from the linear density approximation. This feature originates primarily from the reduced weight factors (e.g. 1/6 for the dominant contributions) of the $2\\pi$-exchange mechanisms in pure neutron matter. Our result suggests therefore that the tendencies for chiral symmetry restoration are actually favored in systems with large neutron excess (e.g. neutron stars). We also analyze the behavior of the density-dependent quark condensate $(\\rho_n)$ in the chiral limit $m_\\pi\\to 0$.

N. Kaiser; W. Weise

2008-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

131

Memory effect of the online user preference  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The mechanism of the online user preference evolution is of great significance for understanding the online user behaviors and improving the quality of online services. Since users are allowed to rate on objects in many online systems, ratings can well reflect the users' preference. With two benchmark datasets from online systems, we uncover the memory effect in users' selecting behavior which is the sequence of qualities of selected objects and the rating behavior which is the sequence of ratings delivered by each user. Furthermore, the memory duration is presented to describe the length of a memory, which exhibits the power-law distribution, i.e., the probability of the occurring of long-duration memory is much higher than that of the random case which follows the exponential distribution. We present a preference model in which a Markovian process is utilized to describe the users' selecting behavior, and the rating behavior depends on the selecting behavior. With only one parameter for each of the user's s...

Hou, Lei; Guo, Qiang; Liu, Jian-Guo

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Matters on a moving brane  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A novel generalisation of the Dirac-Born-Infeld string scenario is described. It is shown that matter residing on the moving brane is dark and has the so-called disformal coupling to gravity. This gives rise to cosmologies where dark matter stems from the oscillations of the open strings along the brane and the transverse oscillations result in dark energy. Furthermore, due to a new screening mechanism that conceals the fifth force from local experiments, one may even entertain the possibility that the visible sector is also moving along the extra dimensions.

Tomi Sebastian Koivisto; Danielle Elizabeth Wills

2013-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

133

Renewable Energy Online Learning | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Education and Training » Renewable Energy Online Education and Training » Renewable Energy Online Learning Renewable Energy Online Learning Curriculum for Tribes The Office of Indian Energy has developed an educational training program that provides tribal leaders and professionals with an overview of the project development process and financing of renewable energy projects on tribal lands. The curriculum includes two tracks: Foundational Courses Learn about renewable energy technologies, strategic energy planning, and electrical grid basics. Advanced Courses Get in-depth information on tribal project development and financing for various project scales. The curriculum can be accessed any time either by clicking on the links to the right or visiting the National Training & Education Resource (NTER)

134

Microsoft Word - Accessing Online COR Training  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Registering for DAU Online Course CLC 222, Contracting Officer's Representative Training Registering for DAU Online Course CLC 222, Contracting Officer's Representative Training To register for this, and any other DAU online course, you must first register in the Federal Acquisition Institute's Training Application System (FAITAS). Steps to register in FAITAS and to register for the course are below. Please note, you are required to provide your Social Security Number (SSN) to complete registration. This is the only time the SSN is required; this information is restricted and not available to unauthorized personnel. Please contact Linda Ott (linda.ott@hq.doe.gov, 202-287-5310) if you have any questions or concerns. If you encounter problems with

135

Online Learning Center | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Technologies » Technologies » Online Learning Center Online Learning Center Online Learning Center Whether you're looking to discover new learning opportunities, better manage your career, request external training or connect your employees with the learning they need, OLC provides new features and services to help. Fulfill your training needs with ease and save money on travel and training costs Explore the enhanced catalog and complete a course at your own pace to stay abreast in the latest technology, science breakthroughs, and other top key professions. Take a few courses at your leisure or schedule several courses at a time to remain marketable in the workforce and sharpen your knowledge, skills and abilities. Whether at your desk, the comfort of your home or on the go, access

136

Online Legal Resources | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Online Legal Resources Online Legal Resources Online Legal Resources Legislative Documents US Code Public and Private Laws Congressional Bills Congressional Record Congressional Hearings Appropriations Legislation Regulatory Documents Code of Federal Regulations Federal Register DOE Safety and Employee Protection Authorities Presidential Documents Executive Orders More Legal Research Resources Energy Law Net Legal Citation Style Guide Nuclear Regulatory Legislation Open CRS Public Library of Law Treaties U.S. Code Classification Tables U.S. Congressional Documents and Debates 1774-1875 Compilation of Laws Communications Law Consumer Protection Law Environmental Law Volume 1 Environmental Law Volume 2 Food, Drug, And Related Law Health Law Nuclear Energy And Radioactive Waste Selected Energy-Related Legislation: Electricity

137

Online Vehicle Detection For Estimating Traffic Status  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose a traffic congestion estimation system based on unsupervised on-line learning algorithm. The system does not rely on background extraction or motion detection. It extracts local features inside detection regions of variable size which are drawn on lanes in advance. The extracted features are then clustered into two classes using K-means and Gaussian Mixture Models(GMM). A Bayes classifier is used to detect vehicles according to the previous cluster information which keeps updated whenever system is running by on-line EM algorithm. Experimental result shows that our system can be adapted to various traffic scenes for estimating traffic status.

Lai, Ranch Y Q

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Universal Ownership: Why Environmental Externalities Matter to  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Universal Ownership: Why Environmental Externalities Matter to Universal Ownership: Why Environmental Externalities Matter to Institutional Investors Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Universal Ownership: Why Environmental Externalities Matter to Institutional Investors Agency/Company /Organization: UNEP-Financing Initiative Focus Area: Industry Topics: Co-benefits assessment Resource Type: Lessons learned/best practices Website: www.unepfi.org/fileadmin/documents/universal_ownership.pdf Universal Ownership: Why Environmental Externalities Matter to Institutional Investors Screenshot References: Universal Ownership: Why Environmental Externalities Matter to Institutional Investors[1] Logo: Universal Ownership: Why Environmental Externalities Matter to Institutional Investors Summary "This study assesses the financial implications of unsustainable natural

139

Phi Meson in Dense Matter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The effect of the kaon loop correction to the property of a phi meson in dense matter is studied in the vector dominance model. Using the density-dependent kaon effective mass determined from the linear chiral perturbation theory, we find...

Ko, Che Ming; Levai, P.; Qiu, X. J.; Li, C. T.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Solar Neutrino Matter Effects Redux  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Following recent low-threshold analysis of the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory and asymmetry measurements of the BOREXINO Collaboration of the solar neutrino flux, we revisit the analysis of the matter effects in the Sun. We show that solar neutrino data constrains the mixing angle $\\theta_{13}$ poorly and that subdominant Standard Model effects can mimic the effects of the physics beyond the Standard Model.

A. B. Balantekin; A. Malkus

2011-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "matters online townhall" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

The Information and the Matter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this article a revised, to some extent, version of the Information concept as utmost fundamental essence ("The Information and the Matter",v1) is presented - a little more logical grounds and may be of a philosophy, the correction and the development of the gravity force concept, etc...

S. V. Shevchenko; V. V. Tokarevsky

2007-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

142

X-ray elemental online analyzer measures volatiles  

SciTech Connect

The use of an online XRF analyser for determining the volatiles content of coal is outlined. 3 figs.

Klein, A.; Pilz, K.; Reich, K. [Indutech Instruments GmbH, Simmersfeld (Germany)

2008-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

143

Fuzzy Relative Positioning for On-Line Handwritten Stroke Analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fuzzy Relative Positioning for On-Line Handwritten Stroke Analysis Franc¸ois Bouteruche, S and robust mod- elling of the relative positioning of on-line handwritten strokes. We exploit the fuzzy to deal with the particular nature of on-line strokes, which are consti- tuted of non-connected points

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

144

Online traveling salesman problem with deadline and advanced information  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We consider the online version of the traveling salesman problem, where instances are not known in advance. Requests are released over time regardless whether the server is en route or not. This problem has been described as online TSP. Current literature ... Keywords: Advanced information, Competitive ratio, Deadlines, Online routing problems

Xingang Wen; Yinfeng Xu; Huili Zhang

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

A Practical Application of Differential Privacy to Personalized Online Advertising  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Practical Application of Differential Privacy to Personalized Online Advertising Yehuda Lindell@cs.biu.ac.il,omrier@gmail.com Abstract Online advertising plays an important role in supporting many Internet services. Person- alized online advertising offers marketers a way to direct ads at very specific audiences. The vast body

146

Advanced Search Tools for Online Resources By: Justin Chase  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Advanced Search Tools for Online Resources By: Justin Chase Faculty Sponsor: Dr. Ted Pedersen allow a user to easily construct advanced search queries for online resources. The primary online results. With difficult to find data, advanced search options become more and more useful. These options

Pedersen, Ted

147

Factors of adoption of online auction: a China study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

There has been tremendous growth of on-line auction activities over the last several years. However, what makes consumers adopt and use on-line auction has not been researched deeply. This paper aims to fill this gap. Based on extensive literature review ... Keywords: China, Partial Least Square (PLS), Structural Equation Modeling (SEM), adoption/diffusion, internet, on-line auction

Mohammed Quaddus; Jun Xu; Zohurul Hoque

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Nuclear matter to strange matter transition in holographic QCD  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We construct a simple holographic QCD model to study nuclear matter to strange matter transition. The interaction of dense medium and hadrons is taken care of by imposing the force balancing condition for stable D4/D6/D6 configuration. By considering the intermediate and light flavor branes interacting with baryon vertex homogeneously distributed along R^3 space and requesting the energy minimization, we find that there is a well defined transition density as a function of current quark mass. We also find that as density goes up very high, intermediate (or heavy) and light quarks populate equally as expected from the Pauli principle. In this sense, the effect of the Pauli principle is realized as dynamics of D-branes.

Youngman Kim; Yunseok Seo; Sang-Jin Sin

2009-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

149

Cold quark matter in compact stars  

SciTech Connect

We used an equation of state for the cold quark matter to the study of properties of quark stars. We also discuss the absolute stability of quark matter and compute the mass-radius relation for self-bound stars.

Franzon, B.; Fogaca, D. A.; Navarra, F. S. [Instituto de Fisica, Universidade de Sao Paulo Rua do Matao, Travessa R, 187, 05508-090 Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil); Horvath, J. E. [Instituto de Astronomia, Geofisica e Ciencias Atmosfericas, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Rua do Matao, 1226, 05508-090, Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil)

2013-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

150

Condensed Matter Theory Center Wednesday, May 18  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Condensed Matter Theory Center Seminar Wednesday, May 18 11am-12pm 2205 Physics Building Zhengcheng condensed matter physics is based on two theories: symmetry breaking theory for phases and phase transitions

Lathrop, Daniel P.

151

Condensed Matter Theory Center/JQI  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Joint Condensed Matter Theory Center/JQI Seminar Wednesday, March 21, 11:00-12:30pm 2205 Physics in condensed matter physics. Among the exciting recent developments in this direction are the discoveries

Lathrop, Daniel P.

152

Condensed Matter Theory Center Tuesday, December 13  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Condensed Matter Theory Center Seminar Tuesday, December 13 11:00am-12:30pm 2205 Physics Building" Abstract: At sufficiently low temperatures, condensed-matter systems tend to develop order. An notable

Lathrop, Daniel P.

153

Pump Systems Matter Mission and Vision | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers (EERE)

issionofPumpSystemsMatter.pdf More Documents & Publications Overview of Pump Systems Matter Hydraulic Institute Member Benefits Course Overview Pump Systems Matter Optimization...

154

MagLab Audio Dictionary: Condensed Matter Science  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Condensed Matter Science? Now Playing: What's Condensed Matter Science? Enable Javascript and Flash to stream the Magnet Minute Jim Brooks Associated Links Condensed Matter...

155

R.V. Roskam Evaluation of Online Public Sexual Health in the Netherlands EVALUATION OF ONLINE PUBLIC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

R.V. Roskam Evaluation of Online Public Sexual Health in the Netherlands 1 EVALUATION OF ONLINE PUBLIC SEXUAL HEALTH CARE IN THE NETHERLANDS A SCENARIO-BASED USER EVALUATION RONALD V. ROSKAM JUNE 2014 UNIVERSITY OF TWENTE. #12;R.V. Roskam Evaluation of Online Public Sexual Health in the Netherlands 2

Al Hanbali, Ahmad

156

An Offline Foundation for Online Accountable Pseudonyms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

]. The ability to partic- ipate anonymously in online communities is a widely cher- ished feature of the Internet that this anonymity often harbors and encourages antisocial or crim- inal behavior [7]. Indeed, many of the Internet-access mes- saging systems cannot reliably identify a message's source for the purpose of suppressing abuse

Ford, Bryan

157

An Online Algorithm for Maximizing Submodular Functions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SUBMODULAR COVER problem (which is a generalization of the MIN SUM SET COVER problem and the related PIPELINED SET COVER problem) and what we call BUDGETED MAXIMUM SUBMODULAR COVERAGE (which generalizesAn Online Algorithm for Maximizing Submodular Functions Matthew Streeter Daniel Golovin December 20

158

An Online Algorithm for Maximizing Submodular Functions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SUM SUBMODULAR COVER problem (which is a generalization of the MIN SUM SET COVER problem and the related PIPELINED SET COVER problem) and what we call BUDGETED MAXIMUM SUBMODULAR COVERAGE (whichAn Online Algorithm for Maximizing Submodular Functions Matthew Streeter Daniel Golovin December 20

159

Semantic Online Tourism Market Monitoring Norbert Walchhofera  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Semantic Online Tourism Market Monitoring Norbert Walchhofera , Milan Hronskýa , Michael Poettlerb the functionality and utility of the approach in the domain of e-tourism, with a focus on the type of reports intelligence, domain model, e-tourism, data aggregation 1 Introduction In the Internet-based economy

160

Project Plan UC Online Education (UCOE)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Contents I. PROJECT DESCRIPTION II. COST REVENUE MODEL AND FINANCIAL FORECAST III. INCENTIVES1 Project Plan UC Online Education (UCOE) March 24, 2011 Office of the President SUPPORTING CAMPUS AND FACULTY PARTICIPATION IV. RISKS AND RISK MANAGEMENT V. PROJECT ORGANIZATION

Becker, Luann

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "matters online townhall" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Trends and patterns among online software pirates  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Computer crime on the Internet poses a significant threat to the well-being of businesses and individuals, and none are immune from the repercussions that can result. One type of this unethical and unlawful activity is online software piracy. In this ... Keywords: Internet, academic, business, computer, copyright, ethics, intellectual property, piracy, software, students, university

Sameer Hinduja

2003-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Password management strategies for online accounts  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Given the widespread use of password authentication in online correspondence, subscription services, and shopping, there is growing concern about identity theft. When people reuse their passwords across multiple accounts, they increase their vulnerability; ... Keywords: password, password management, password reuse, security, survey, user behavior

Shirley Gaw; Edward W. Felten

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Online Advertising Insertion Order Form Company name  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Online Advertising Insertion Order Form Advertiser Company name: Address: City: State: Zip: Contact: Billing Instructions Gross Amount : $ Net Amount: $ Please refer to 2014 Advertising Rate Sheet Less 15% agency discount or other applicable discount (please specify below): Send invoices to: Advertiser

Butler, Laurie J.

164

Entropy Adaptive On-Line Compression  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Self-Organization is based on adaptivity. Adaptivity should start with the very basic fundamental communication tasks such as encoding the information to be transmitted or stored. Obviously, the less signal transmitted the less energy in transmission ... Keywords: On-line compression, adaptive compression

Shlomi Dolev, Sergey Frenkel, Marina Kopeetsky

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Operations & Maintenance Best Practices Guide: Front Matter  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Guide describes the front matter of the Operations and Maintenance Best Practices: a Guide to Achieving Operational Efficiency.

166

Personal Finance Make Your Money Matter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Personal Finance Make Your Money Matter Name: Registration number: Department: Year of study of your portfolio. #12;Personal Finance Make Your Money Matter2 Contents Timetable Page 3 Introduction 16 #12;Personal Finance Make Your Money Matter3 Timetable Friday 6.00 pm Introduction

Stevenson, Mark

167

Nonthermal dark matter in mirage mediation  

SciTech Connect

In mirage-mediation models there exists a modulus field whose mass is O(1000) TeV and its late decay may significantly change the standard thermal relic scenario of the dark matter. We study nonthermal production of the dark matter directly from the modulus decay, and find that for some parameter regions nonthermally produced neutralinos can become the dark matter.

Nagai, Minoru; Nakayama, Kazunori [Institute for Cosmic Ray Research, University of Tokyo, Kashiwa 277-8582 (Japan)

2007-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

168

Modeling galactic halos with predominantly quintessential matter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper discusses a new model for galactic dark matter by combining an anisotropic pressure field corresponding to normal matter and a quintessence dark energy field having a characteristic parameter $\\omega_q$ such that $-1Guzman et al. (2003). Less exceptional forms of quintessence dark energy do not yield the desired stable orbits and are therefore unsuitable for modeling dark matter.

F. Rahaman; Peter K. F. Kuhfittig; K. Chakraborty; M. Kalam; D. Hossain

2011-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

169

3D Imaging Of Wet Granular Matter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

3D Imaging Of Wet Granular Matter Leonard Goff Advisor: Dr. Wolfgang Losert With Application to Penetrometer Insertion #12;3D Imaging Of Wet Granular Matter Leonard Goff, Advisor: Dr. Wolfgang Losert CoffeeSand Gravel Oops! #12;3D Imaging Of Wet Granular Matter Leonard Goff, Advisor: Dr. Wolfgang Losert

Anlage, Steven

170

Just the Basics: Particulate Matter  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

is Particulate is Particulate Matter? One of the major components of air pollution is particulate matter, or PM. PM refers to airborne particles that include dust, dirt, soot, smoke, and liquid droplets. These particles can range in size from microscopic to large enough to be seen. PM is characterized by its size, with fine particles of less than 2.5 micrometers in size designated as PM 2.5 and coarser particles between 2.5 and 10 micrometers in size designated as PM 10 . PM arises from many sources, including combustion occurring in factories, power plants, cars, trucks, buses, trains, or wood fires; or through simple agitation of existing particulates by tilling of land, quarrying and stone-crushing, and off- road vehicular movement. Of particular interest is PM generated during diesel

171

Cold dark matter heats up  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

One of the principal discoveries in modern cosmology is that standard model particles (including baryons, leptons and photons) together comprise only 5% of the mass-energy budget of the Universe. The remaining 95% consists of dark energy and dark matter (DM). Consequently our picture of the universe is known as {\\Lambda}CDM, with {\\Lambda} denoting dark energy and CDM cold dark matter. {\\Lambda}CDM is being challenged by its apparent inability to explain the low density of DM measured at the centre of cosmological systems, ranging from faint dwarf galaxies to massive clusters containing tens of galaxies the size of the Milky Way. But before making conclusions one should carefully include the effect of gas and stars, which were historically seen as merely a passive component during the assembly of galaxies. We now understand that these can in fact significantly alter the DM component, through a coupling based on rapid gravitational potential fluctuations.

Pontzen, Andrew

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Dark matter and the LHC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An abundance of astrophysical evidence indicates that the bulk of matter in the universe is made up of massive, electrically neutral particles that form the dark matter (DM). While the density of DM has been precisely measured, the identity of the DM particle (or particles) is a complete mystery. In fact, within the laws of physics as we know them (the Standard Model, or SM), none of the particles have the right properties to make up DM. Remarkably, many new physics extensions of the SM -- designed to address theoretical issues with the electroweak symmetry breaking sector -- require the introduction of new particles, some of which are excellent DM candidates. As the LHC era begins, there are high hopes that DM particles, along with their associated new matter states, will be produced in pp collisions. We discuss how LHC experiments, along with other DM searches, may serve to determine the identity of DM particles and elucidate the associated physics. Most of our discussion centers around theories with weak-scale supersymmetry, and allows for several different DM candidate particles.

Howard Baer; Xerxes Tata

2008-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

173

Policy Matters Ohio | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Matters Ohio Matters Ohio Jump to: navigation, search Name Policy Matters Ohio Address 3631 Perkins Avenue - Suite 4C-East Place Cleveland, Ohio Zip 44114 Website http://www.policymattersohio.o References Policy Matters Ohio[1] LinkedIn Connections This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Policy Matters Ohio is an organization based in Cleveland, Ohio. References ↑ "Policy Matters Ohio" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Policy_Matters_Ohio&oldid=367666" Categories: Policy Organizations Clean Energy Organizations Organizations Stubs What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link Browse properties 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load) Throttled (bot load) Guru Meditation:

174

Energy Matters LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Matters LLC Matters LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name Energy Matters LLC Place Santa Rosa, California Zip 95402 Sector Renewable Energy Product Energy Matters specialises in software tools for the renewable energy industries. References Energy Matters LLC[1] Solar-Estimate.org[2] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! Energy Matters LLC is a company located in Santa Rosa, California . Solarestimate.gif Solar-Estimate.org Energy Matters created the solar estimator, a useful tool to analyze the benefits of a solar or wind system installation in your home or business. The estimator takes into account your region, average utility bills, and the system you are installing, and calculates a 25-year timeline for you to analyze the potential cost savings on energy.

175

Cosmological perturbations in mimetic matter model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate the cosmological evolution of mimetic matter model with arbitrary scalar potential. The cosmological reconstruction is explicitly done for different choices of potential. The cases that mimetic matter model shows the evolution as Cold Dark Matter(CDM), wCDM model, dark matter and dark energy with dynamical $Om(z)$ or phantom dark energy with phantom-non-phantom crossing are presented in detail. The cosmological perturbations for such evolution are studied in mimetic matter model. For instance, the evolution behavior of the matter density contrast which is different from usual one, i.e. $\\ddot \\delta + 2 H \\dot \\delta - \\kappa ^2 \\rho \\delta /2 = 0$ is investigated. The possibility of peculiar evolution of $\\delta$ in the model under consideration is shown. Special attention is paid to the behavior of matter density contrast near to future singularity where decay of perturbations may occur much earlier the singularity.

Matsumoto, Jiro; Sushkov, Sergey V

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Low Dose Radiation Program: Links - Online Literature  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Online Literature Online Literature Journals, Books and other Publications Armed Forces Radiobiology Research Institute Chornobyl Center for Nuclear Safety Radioactive Waste and Radioecology "Insight" Magazine Central Research Institute of the Electric Power Industry (CRIEPI) News: Aiming at an information center on low dose radiation research Health Physics International Journal of Radiation Biology Iranian Journal of Radiation Research Journal of Radiological Protection National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements Radiation Research U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Information Bridge Reports Animal Cancer Tests and Human Cancer Risk Assessment: A Broad Perspective Effects of Ionizing Radiation: Atomic Bomb Survivors and Their Children (1945-1995) Health Effects of Exposure to Low Levels of Ionizing Radiation: BEIR

177

NERSC Strategic Plan Is Now Online  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Strategic Plan Strategic Plan Is Now Online NERSC Strategic Plan Is Now Online June 3, 2013 The NERSC Strategic Plan for FY2014-2023 is now available for download (PDF | 3.2MB). Requested by the DOE Office of Advanced Scientific Computing Research as input for ASCR's long-term planning, the strategic plan discusses NERSC's mission, goals, science drivers, planned initiatives, and technology strategy, among other topics. ≫More NERSC publications and reports. About NERSC and Berkeley Lab The National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center (NERSC) is the primary high-performance computing facility for scientific research sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science. Located at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, the NERSC Center serves more than

178

Automatic identification of abstract online groups  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Online abstract groups, in which members aren't explicitly connected, can be automatically identified by computer-implemented methods. The methods involve harvesting records from social media and extracting content-based and structure-based features from each record. Each record includes a social-media posting and is associated with one or more entities. Each feature is stored on a data storage device and includes a computer-readable representation of an attribute of one or more records. The methods further involve grouping records into record groups according to the features of each record. Further still the methods involve calculating an n-dimensional surface representing each record group and defining an outlier as a record having feature-based distances measured from every n-dimensional surface that exceed a threshold value. Each of the n-dimensional surfaces is described by a footprint that characterizes the respective record group as an online abstract group.

Engel, David W; Gregory, Michelle L; Bell, Eric B; Cowell, Andrew J; Piatt, Andrew W

2014-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

179

TAMU Online ESL Certification Prep Course  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SSI) and Title III funds through the Texas Education Agency. Department of Educational Psychology College of Education & Human Development Texas A&M University Presentation Overview ? Online ESL Certification Course?Overview ? Course... ESL Certification Prep Course Department of Educational Psychology College of Education & Human Development Texas A&M University Funding Source This training is made possible by the Limited English Proficient, Student Success Initiative (LEP...

Lara-Alecio, Rafael; Treviño, Polly; Tong, Fuhui

2010-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

180

Holographic Viscosity of Fundamental Matter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A holographic dual of a finite-temperature SU(N_c) gauge theory with a small number of flavours N_f viscosity to entropy ratio in these theories saturates the conjectured universal bound eta/s >= 1/4\\pi. The contribution of the fundamental matter eta_fund is therefore enhanced at strong 't Hooft coupling lambda; for example, eta_fund ~ lambda N_c N_f T^3 in four dimensions. Other transport coefficients are analogously enhanced. These results hold with or without a baryon number chemical potential.

David Mateos; Robert C. Myers; Rowan M. Thomson

2006-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "matters online townhall" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
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181

Sterile dark matter and reionization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sterile neutrinos with masses in the keV range can be the dark matter, and their emission from a supernova can explain the observed velocities of pulsars. The sterile neutrino decays could produce the x-ray radiation in the early universe, which could have an important effect on the formation of the first stars. X-rays could ionize gas and could catalyze the production of molecular hydrogen during the ``dark ages''. The increased fraction of molecular hydrogen could facilitate the cooling and collapse of the primordial gas clouds in which the first stars were formed.

Alexander Kusenko

2006-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

182

Neutrino interactions in neutron matter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Neutrino flow is the dominant mechanism of energy transfer in the latest stages of supernovae explosions and in compact stars. The Standard Model of particle physics and accelerator data, provide a satisfactory description of neutrino physics in vacuum up to TeV scale. Nevertheless modeling the dynamics of neutrino interaction in the nuclear environment involves severe difficulties. This thesis in mainly aimed at obtaining the weak response of infinite matter, using both the Correlated Basis Function theory and Landau Theory of Fermi liquid to take into account properly nucleon-nucleon hard core potential and long range correlation (quasi-particle, collective modes, ecc.)

Cipollone, Andrea

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Neutrino interactions in neutron matter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Neutrino flow is the dominant mechanism of energy transfer in the latest stages of supernovae explosions and in compact stars. The Standard Model of particle physics and accelerator data, provide a satisfactory description of neutrino physics in vacuum up to TeV scale. Nevertheless modeling the dynamics of neutrino interaction in the nuclear environment involves severe difficulties. This thesis in mainly aimed at obtaining the weak response of infinite matter, using both the Correlated Basis Function theory and Landau Theory of Fermi liquid to take into account properly nucleon-nucleon hard core potential and long range correlation (quasi-particle, collective modes, ecc.)

Andrea Cipollone

2012-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

184

Groundwater Report Goes Online, Interactive | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Groundwater Report Goes Online, Interactive Groundwater Report Goes Online, Interactive Groundwater Report Goes Online, Interactive September 30, 2013 - 12:00pm Addthis A screenshot of Hanford's online groundwater monitoring annual report. A screenshot of Hanford's online groundwater monitoring annual report. RICHLAND, Wash. - EM's Richland Operations Office (RL) has moved its 1,200-page annual report on groundwater monitoring to a fully online and interactive web application. The application allows users to access expert interpretation of groundwater conditions and trends for each of the Hanford site's 12 groundwater interest areas. Users can access the typical content of the paper-based report but can also explore all supporting data using an intuitive map-based interface. Groundwater monitoring is conducted to meet requirements of the DOE, U.S

185

Broward County Online Solar Permitting (Florida) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Broward County Online Solar Permitting (Florida) Broward County Online Solar Permitting (Florida) Broward County Online Solar Permitting (Florida) < Back Eligibility Commercial Residential Savings Category Solar Buying & Making Electricity Program Info State Florida Program Type Solar/Wind Permitting Standards Provider Unincorporated Broward County Broward County now offers Go SOLAR Online Permitting*, for rooftop solar photovoltaic system permitting. This online permitting system may be used for residential or low commercial properties that are governed by a participating municipality. The online permitting system is designed to provide a one-stop solar permitting process with a single application form, electronic review and approval, and flat fee. Applicants can use this system to choose from pre-approved and pre-engineered solar panel mounting installation designs,

186

Groundwater Report Goes Online, Interactive | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Report Goes Online, Interactive Report Goes Online, Interactive Groundwater Report Goes Online, Interactive September 30, 2013 - 12:00pm Addthis A screenshot of Hanford's online groundwater monitoring annual report. A screenshot of Hanford's online groundwater monitoring annual report. RICHLAND, Wash. - EM's Richland Operations Office (RL) has moved its 1,200-page annual report on groundwater monitoring to a fully online and interactive web application. The application allows users to access expert interpretation of groundwater conditions and trends for each of the Hanford site's 12 groundwater interest areas. Users can access the typical content of the paper-based report but can also explore all supporting data using an intuitive map-based interface. Groundwater monitoring is conducted to meet requirements of the DOE, U.S

187

Isospin-asymmetric nuclear matter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This study uses classical molecular dynamics to simulate infinite nuclear matter and study the effect of isospin asymmetry on bulk properties such as energy per nucleon, pressure, saturation density, compressibility and symmetry energy. The simulations are performed on systems embedded in periodic boundary conditions with densities and temperatures in the ranges $\\rho$=0.02 to 0.2 fm$^{-3}$ and T = 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 MeV, and with isospin content of $x=Z/A$=0.3, 0.4 and 0.5. The results indicate that symmetric and asymmetric matter are self-bound at some temperatures and exhibit phase transitions from a liquid phase to a liquid-gas mixture. The main effect of isospin asymmetry is found to be a reduction of the equilibrium densities, a softening of the compressibility and a disappearance of the liquid-gas phase transition. A procedure leading to the evaluation of the symmetry energy and its variation with the temperature was devised, implemented and compared to mean field theory results.

J. A. López; E. Ramírez-Homs; R. González; R. Ravelo

2013-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

188

The Cosmology of Composite Inelastic Dark Matter  

SciTech Connect

Composite dark matter is a natural setting for implementing inelastic dark matter - the O(100 keV) mass splitting arises from spin-spin interactions of constituent fermions. In models where the constituents are charged under an axial U(1) gauge symmetry that also couples to the Standard Model quarks, dark matter scatters inelastically off Standard Model nuclei and can explain the DAMA/LIBRA annual modulation signal. This article describes the early Universe cosmology of a minimal implementation of a composite inelastic dark matter model where the dark matter is a meson composed of a light and a heavy quark. The synthesis of the constituent quarks into dark hadrons results in several qualitatively different configurations of the resulting dark matter composition depending on the relative mass scales in the system.

Spier Moreira Alves, Daniele; Behbahani, Siavosh R.; /SLAC /Stanford U., ITP; Schuster, Philip; Wacker, Jay G.; /SLAC

2011-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

189

Soft Matter Group, Condensed Matter Physics & Materials Science Department,  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Research Information (pdf) Research Information (pdf) Publications Seminars Journal Club Staff Information Other Information Basic Energy Sciences Directorate Related Sites BNL Site Index Can't View PDFs? Soft Matter Group Confinement and Template Directed Assembly in Chemical and Biomolecular Materials We use synchrotron x-ray scattering, scanning probe and optical microscopy techniques to study fundamental properties of complex fluids, simple liquids, macromolecular assemblies, polymers, and biomolecular materials under confinement and on templates. The challenges are: To understand liquids under nano-confinement. How templates and confinement can be used to direct the assembly. To understand the fundamental interactions which give rise to similar self-assembly behavior for a wide variety of systems.

190

Publications, Soft Matter Group, Condensed Matter Physics & Materials  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Publications Publications 2011 | 2010 | 2009 | 2008 | 2007 | 2006 | 2005 | 2004 | 2003 2011 Unifying interfacial self-assembly and surface freezing, B.M. Ocko, H. Hlaing, P.N. Jepsen, S. Kewalramani, A. Tkachenko, D. Pontoni, H. Reichert and M. Deutsch. Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 137801 (2011) Reversible uptake of water on NaCl nanoparticles at relative humidity below deliquescence point observed by noncontact environmental atomic force microscopy, D.A. Bruzewicz, A. Checco, B.M. Ocko, E.R. Lewis, R.L. McGraw and S.E. Schwartz. J. Chem. Phys. 134, 044702 (2011) Systematic approach to electrostatically induced 2D crystallization of nanoparticles at liquid interfaces, S. Kewalramani, S.T. Wang, Y. Lin, H.G. Nguyen, Q. Wang, M. Fukuto and L. Yang. Soft Matter 7, 939-945 (2011)

191

Nonthermal dark matter in mirage mediation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In mirage-mediation models there exists a modulus field whose mass is O(1000) TeV and its late-decay may significantly change the standard thermal relic scenario of the dark matter. We study nonthermal production of the dark matter directly from the modulus decay, and find that for some parameter regions non-thermally produced neutralinos can become the dark matter.

Minoru Nagai; Kazunori Nakayama

2007-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

192

Lorentz violation and Condensed Matter Physics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present heuristic arguments that hint to a possible connection of Lorentz violation with observed phenomenon in condensed matter physics. Various references from condensed matter literature are cited where operators in the Standard Model Extension (SME) appear to be enhanced. Based on this we propose that, in the non-relativistic limit, Lorentz violation in the context of the SME exhibits itself in various condensed matter systems.

Muhammad Adeel Ajaib

2014-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

193

Anapole dark matter at the LHC  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The anapole moment is the only allowed electromagnetic moment for Majorana fermions. Fermionic dark matter acquiring an anapole can have a standard thermal history and be consistent with current direct detection experiments. In this paper, we calculate the collider monojet signatures of anapole dark matter and show that the current LHC results exclude anapole dark matter with mass less than 100 GeV, for an anapole coupling that leads to the correct thermal relic abundance.

Yu Gao; Chiu Man Ho; Robert J. Scherrer

2014-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

194

Hawaii Wastewater Branch Online Application Webpage | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Application Webpage Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Web Site: Hawaii Wastewater Branch Online Application Webpage Author State of Hawaii...

195

Optimization Online - Global Optimization Toolbox for Maple: An ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Feb 21, 2005 ... Give us feedback · Optimization Journals, Sites, Societies. Optimization Online is supported by the Mathematical Programming Society and by

Janos D. Pinter

2005-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

196

Modeling and online parameter identification methods for Electrohydraulic Valvetrain Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

bulk modulus which is dependent on pressure and temperature [29], which vary during operation we create an on-line parameter identification

Gray, James

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Leave any noise at the signal : participation art online  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Online participatory media holds the promise of activating otherwise passive audiences by providing spaces that encourage creative collaboration among diverse participants. The thesis traces the history of participation ...

Frid-Jimenez, Amber

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

SWS Online Tool now includes Multifamily Content, plus a How...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

multifamily content in the SWS Online Tool, and a How-To Webinar on August 27, 2013. mfcontentnowavailable.pdf More Documents & Publications The Standard Work Specifications...

199

Web Mapping and Online GIS Applications for Renewable Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

for Renewable Energy Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Web Mapping and Online GIS Applications for Renewable Energy AgencyCompany Organization:...

200

Terra Matters PLLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Washington Zip: 98122 Product: Boutique consultancy providing advice on sustainable design and business practices References: Terra Matters, PLLC1 This article is a stub. You...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "matters online townhall" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

What are the neutrino masses. Dark matter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The arguments connecting detections of a reason of difficulties of a solution of a problem of a cold dark matter are adduced.

V. P. Efrosinin

2010-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

202

Dark Energy and Dark Matter Models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We revisit the problems of dark energy and dark matter and several models designed to explain them, in the light of some latest findings.

Burra G. Sidharth

2015-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

203

Can dark matter be mostly massless particles?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We discuss an overlooked factor in dark matter studies. Namely, if massless particles are captured into a local structure and stop free streaming in the universe, they no longer lose energy by cosmological red-shift, and no longer smear out density fluctuations beyond their ``confinement'' scale. If this occurred at the stage when radiation dominated over baryonic matter in energy density, then these captured massless particles would comprise the major part of dark matter in today's universe, leaving no room for other dark matter scenarios. The most probable such particles are gravitons with non-linear self-interaction.

Xiang-Song Chen

2005-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

204

Quantum Condensates in Nuclear Matter: Problems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In connection with the contribution "Quantum Condensates in Nuclear Matter" some problems are given to become more familiar with the techniques of many-particle physics.

G. Ropke; D. Zablocki

2010-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

205

Condensed Matter Theory Center Fall 2009 Symposium  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Condensed Matter Theory Center Fall 2009 Symposium September 28 - October 2, 2009 2202 Physics Barnett, "Vortex lattice locking in rotating BECs and spinor condensates" Maxim Dzero, "Cooper pair

Lathrop, Daniel P.

206

Matter-Radiation Interactions in Extremes  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

for Discovery of Next-Generation Materials The Matter-Radiation Interactions in Extremes (MaRIE) experimental facility, will be used to discover and design the advanced...

207

The Impact of Visual Appearance on User Response in Online Display Advertising  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Display advertising has been a significant source of revenue for publishers and ad networks in online advertising ecosystem. One of the main goals in display advertising is to maximize user response rate for advertising campaigns, such as click through rates (CTR) or conversion rates. Although in the online advertising industry we believe that the visual appearance of ads (creatives) matters for propensity of user response, there is no published work so far to address this topic via a systematic data-driven approach. In this paper we quantitatively study the relationship between the visual appearance and performance of creatives using large scale data in the world's largest display ads exchange system, RightMedia. We designed a set of 43 visual features, some of which are novel and some are inspired by related work. We extracted these features from real creatives served on RightMedia. We also designed and conducted a series of experiments to evaluate the effectiveness of visual features for CTR prediction, ra...

Azimi, Javad; Zhou, Yang; Navalpakkam, Vidhya; Mao, Jianchang; Fern, Xiaoli

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Exploring online retailing strategies : case studies of leading firms in the U.S. and China  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Online retailing has been a significant part of people's daily life. Research shows that 85% of internet users have purchased online. In China, with the increased penetration rate of internet and adoption of online payment, ...

Chen, Jian, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Sloan School of Management

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Paramagnetic squeezing of QCD matter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We determine the magnetization of Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD) for several temperatures around and above the transition between the hadronic and the quark-gluon phases of strongly interacting matter. We obtain a paramagnetic response that increases in strength with the temperature. We argue that due to this paramagnetism, chunks of quark-gluon plasma produced in non-central heavy ion collisions should become elongated along the direction of the magnetic field. This anisotropy will then contribute to the elliptic flow v_2 observed in such collisions, in addition to the pressure gradient that is usually taken into account. We present a simple estimate for the magnitude of this new effect and a rough comparison to the effect due to the initial collision geometry. We conclude that the paramagnetic effect might have a significant impact on the value of v_2.

Bali, G S; Endrodi, G; Schafer, A

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Latent heat of nuclear matter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the latent heat of the liquid-gas phase transition in symmetric nuclear matter using self-consistent mean-field calculations with a few Skyrme forces. The temperature dependence of the latent heat is rather independent of the mean-field parametrization and can be characterized by a few parameters. At low temperatures, the latent heat tends to the saturation energy. Near the critical point, the latent heat goes to zero with a well-determined mean-field critical exponent. A maximum value of the latent heat in the range l ~ 25-30 MeV is found at intermediate temperatures, which might have experimental relevance. All these features can be explained from very basic principles.

Arianna Carbone; Artur Polls; Arnau Rios; Isaac Vidaña

2010-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

211

Dissipative hidden sector dark matter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A simple way of explaining dark matter without modifying known Standard Model physics is to require the existence of a hidden sector, which interacts with the visible one predominantly via gravity. We consider a hidden sector containing two stable particles charged under an unbroken $U(1)^{'}$ gauge symmetry, hence featuring dissipative interactions. The massless gauge field associated with this symmetry can interact via kinetic mixing with the ordinary photon. In fact, such an interaction of strength $\\epsilon \\sim 10^{-9}$ appears to be necessary in order to explain galactic structure. We calculate the effect of this new physics on Big Bang Nucleosynthesis and its contribution to the relativistic energy density at Hydrogen recombination. Subsequently we examine the process of dark recombination, during which neutral dark states are formed, which is important for large-scale structure formation. We then analyze the phenomenology of our model in the context of galactic structure, and find that it can reproduc...

Foot, R

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Evaluation of an on-line ash analysis system for low-grade and inhomogeneous Greek lignite  

SciTech Connect

The possibility of using commercial on-line analysis systems for monitoring the ash content of low-grade lignites was investigated by carrying out numerous bench- and pilot-scale trials in the mines of Public Power Corporation SA, Greece. Pilot-scale trials were based on a dual-energy {gamma}-ray transmission analyzer, which was installed on the conveyor belt that transports lignite from the pit to the bunker of Kardia mine, Ptolemais. According to the obtained results, the accuracy of the on-line measurements was not adequate and did not allow lignite quality monitoring in real time. The deterioration of the on-line measurements' accuracy, compared to previous applications in other mining sites, was related to the intense variation of the lignite ash content and ash composition, which distorted the calibration of the analyzer. The latter is based on certain assumptions regarding the average atomic number of the organic and mineral matter contained in the lignite. Further experimental work is needed to investigate solutions for successful implementation of this method to low-grade lignites that exhibit large variation in ash content and composition. 17 refs., 15 figs., 7 tabs.

Konstantinos V. Kavouridis; Francis F. Pavloudakis [Public Power Corporation SA, Athens (Greece). General Division of Mines

2007-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

213

Online Sensor Calibration Monitoring Uncertainty Estimation  

SciTech Connect

Empirical modeling techniques have been applied to online process monitoring to detect equipment and instrumentation degradations. However, few applications provide prediction uncertainty estimates, which can provide a measure of confidence in decisions. This paper presents the development of analytical prediction interval estimation methods for three common nonlinear empirical modeling strategies: artificial neural networks, neural network partial least squares, and local polynomial regression. The techniques are applied to nuclear power plant operational data for sensor calibration monitoring, and the prediction intervals are verified via bootstrap simulation studies.

Hines, J. Wesley; Rasmussen, Brandon [University of Tennessee (United States)

2005-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

214

Elementary Excitation in Solid Nuclear Matter  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Elementary Excitation in Solid Nuclear Matter Koichi Takahashi...replaced by Figure The energy per nucleon (nucleon...delta: the zero-point energy of phonon, : The effect...Then, the ground state energies of the phonon system...Isospin Waves in a Solid Nuclear Matter Koichi Takahashi......

Koichi Takahashi

1991-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Advanced particulate matter control apparatus and methods  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Apparatus and methods for collection and removal of particulate matter, including fine particulate matter, from a gas stream, comprising a unique combination of high collection efficiency and ultralow pressure drop across the filter. The apparatus and method utilize simultaneous electrostatic precipitation and membrane filtration of a particular pore size, wherein electrostatic collection and filtration occur on the same surface.

Miller, Stanley J. (Grand Forks, ND); Zhuang, Ye (Grand Forks, ND); Almlie, Jay C. (East Grand Forks, MN)

2012-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

216

E-Print Network 3.0 - automate on-line sample Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

"On-line Telephone-Bill Payment System... HMI" "Security System Simulator" "Performance Comparison of Distributed Computing Models" "On-line... " "Simulation of How Many Users...

217

Automation for on-line remote-control in-situ electron microscopy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Pfefferkorn Conference (1996) Automation for On-Line Remote-Pfefferkorn Conference (1996) Automation for On-Line Remote-by incorporating local automation of stage control and

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Biology and Soft Matter | Neutron Sciences | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Biology and Soft Matter Biology and Soft Matter SHARE Biology and Soft Matter This is a time of unprecedented opportunity for using neutrons in biological and soft matter research. The US Department of Energy (DOE) has invested in two forefront neutron user facilities, the accelerator-based Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) and the reactor-based High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR), at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). Researchers have access to new instrumentation on some of the world's most intense neutron beam lines for studying the structure, function, and dynamics of complex systems. We anticipate that soft matter and biological sciences of tomorrow will require understanding, predicting, and manipulating complex systems to produce the new materials and products required to meet our nation's

219

Dark matter studies entrain nuclear physics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract We review theoretically well-motivated dark-matter candidates, and pathways to their discovery, in the light of recent results from collider physics, astrophysics, and cosmology. Taken in aggregate, these encourage broader thinking in regards to possible dark-matter candidates — dark-matter need not be made of “WIMPs”, i.e., elementary particles with weak-scale masses and interactions. Facilities dedicated to nuclear physics are well-poised to investigate certain non-WIMP models. In parallel to this, developments in observational cosmology permit probes of the relativistic energy density at early epochs and thus provide new ways to constrain dark-matter models, provided nuclear physics inputs are sufficiently well-known. The emerging confluence of accelerator, astrophysical, and cosmological constraints permit searches for dark-matter candidates in a greater range of masses and interaction strengths than heretofore possible.

Susan Gardner; George M. Fuller

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

New Directions in Direct Dark Matter Searches  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

I present the status of direct dark matter detection with specific attention to the experimental results and their phenomenological interpretation in terms of dark matter interactions. In particular I review a new and more general approach to study signals in this field based on non-relativistic operators which parametrize more efficiently the dark matter-nucleus interactions in terms of a very limited number of relevant degrees of freedom. Then I list the major experimental results, pointing out the main uncertainties that affect the theoretical interpretation of the data. Finally, since the underlying theory that describes both the dark matter and the standard model fields is unknown, I address the uncertainties coming from the nature of the interaction. In particular, the phenomenology of a class of models in which the interaction between dark matter particles and target nuclei is of a long-range type is discussed.

Paolo Panci

2014-02-06T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "matters online townhall" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Engineering The only online degree program focused on moving  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Master of Engineering in Engine Systems The only online degree program focused on moving the internal combustion industry forward through graduate education of working engineers. Master of Engineering in Engine Systems The only online degree program focused on moving the internal combustion industry forward

Van Veen, Barry D.

222

ADAPTIVE ONLINE ENERGY SAVING FOR HETEROGENEOUS SENSOR Meikang Qiu1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ADAPTIVE ONLINE ENERGY SAVING FOR HETEROGENEOUS SENSOR NETWORKS Meikang Qiu1 Jingtong Hu2 Edwin H-to-predict environments and have limited lifetime. We use a novel adaptive online energy saving (AOES) algorithm to save as a probabilistic random variable to save energy by se- lecting the best mode assignment for each node, which

Sha, Edwin

223

THINK TANK Online Data Privacy Policy Personal Information  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

THINK TANK Online Data Privacy Policy Personal Information The THINK TANK at the University and Guidelines Security When users submit personally identifiable information via the THINK TANK Web Site, the information is protected both online and off-line. All personally identifiable information the THINK TANK

Ziurys, Lucy M.

224

Institute of Environment & Resources Online monitoring and control  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Institute of Environment & Resources Online monitoring and control of the biogas process Kanokwan Boe #12;#12;Online monitoring and control of the biogas process Kanokwan Boe Ph.D. Thesis May 2006 of the biogas process Cover: Torben Dolin & Julie Camilla Middleton Printed by: DTU tryk Institute

225

Faculty and Student Perceptions of Online Learning in Engineering Education  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

that the penetration of online courses is generally equal in most disciplines except for engineering. In addition term2,3 . The penetration of online courses is generally equal for most major discipline areas lower implementation rate3 . Given the adoption rates of other disciplines and indications

Thornton, Mitchell

226

Online scheduling with preemption or non-completion penalties  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We consider online preemptive scheduling problems where jobs have deadlines and the objective is to maximize the total weight of jobs completed before their deadlines. In the first problem, preemptions are not free but incur a penalty. In the second ... Keywords: Competitive analysis, Immediate decision, Immediate notification, Online algorithms, Preemption penalty

Stanley P. Fung

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Smart, Useful, Scary, Creepy: Perceptions of Online Behavioral Advertising  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Smart, Useful, Scary, Creepy: Perceptions of Online Behavioral Advertising Blase Ur, Pedro G. Leon Behavioral Advertising Blase Ur, Pedro Giovanni Leon, Lorrie Faith Cranor, Richard Shay, Yang Wang Carnegie-structured interviews about online be- havioral advertising (OBA). We investigated non-technical users' attitudes about

Sadeh, Norman M.

228

Doctoral Dissertation Defense "Modeling Conversions in Online Advertising"  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Doctoral Dissertation Defense "Modeling Conversions in Online Advertising" By John Chandler-Pepelnjak This work investigates people who purchase online and how to predict such sales. Advertising as a field has if that potential is not realized. Academic marketers look at advertising through a traditional lens, measuring

Bardsley, John

229

An Empirical Study of How People Perceive Online Behavioral Advertising  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An Empirical Study of How People Perceive Online Behavioral Advertising Aleecia M. Mc 15213 #12; 1 An Empirical Study of How People Perceive Online Behavioral Advertising Aleecia M. Mc a series of in-depth qualitative interviews with 14 subjects who answered advertisements to participate

Sadeh, Norman M.

230

Older adults' perceptions and experiences of online social support  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......because I have been ripped. []. It is dangerous. This finding is similar to other studies...impression that online communication is very dangerous as there are others out there that will...and community dynamics in an online health community. Transactions on Computer-Human......

Ulrike Pfeil; Panayiotis Zaphiris; Stephanie Wilson

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Your Online Interests Pwned! A Pollution Attack Against Targeted Advertising  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Your Online Interests ­ Pwned! A Pollution Attack Against Targeted Advertising Wei Meng Georgia in biasing ads towards the desired higher-paying advertisers; the polluter can influence up to 74% and 12; Profile Pollution; Ad Measurement 1. INTRODUCTION Online targeted advertising is one of the primary

Lee, Wenke

232

Online short-term solar power forecasting  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes a new approach to online forecasting of power production from PV systems. The method is suited to online forecasting in many applications and in this paper it is used to predict hourly values of solar power for horizons of up to 36 h. The data used is 15-min observations of solar power from 21 PV systems located on rooftops in a small village in Denmark. The suggested method is a two-stage method where first a statistical normalization of the solar power is obtained using a clear sky model. The clear sky model is found using statistical smoothing techniques. Then forecasts of the normalized solar power are calculated using adaptive linear time series models. Both autoregressive (AR) and AR with exogenous input (ARX) models are evaluated, where the latter takes numerical weather predictions (NWPs) as input. The results indicate that for forecasts up to 2 h ahead the most important input is the available observations of solar power, while for longer horizons NWPs are the most important input. A root mean square error improvement of around 35% is achieved by the ARX model compared to a proposed reference model. (author)

Bacher, Peder; Madsen, Henrik [Informatics and Mathematical Modelling, Richard Pedersens Plads, Technical University of Denmark, Building 321, DK-2800 Lyngby (Denmark); Nielsen, Henrik Aalborg [ENFOR A/S, Lyngsoe Alle 3, DK-2970 Hoersholm (Denmark)

2009-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

233

On-line Monitoring [Laser Applications Laboratory] - Nuclear Engineering  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

On-line Monitoring On-line Monitoring Capabilities Engineering Experimentation Reactor Safety Experimentation Aerosol Experiments System Components Laser Applications Overview Laser Oil & Gas Well Drilling Laser Heat Treatment Laser Welding of Metals On-line Monitoring Laser Beam Delivery Laser Glazing of Railroad Rails High Power Laser Beam Delivery Decontamination and Decommissioning Refractory Alloy Welding Robots Applications Other Facilities Other Capabilities Work with Argonne Contact us For Employees Site Map Help Join us on Facebook Follow us on Twitter NE on Flickr Laser Applications Laboratory On-line Monitoring Project description: On-line process monitoring for laser-beam welding. Category: Project with industrial partner (USCAR) Bookmark and Share Simulated defects and associated responses from a weld sensor developed at Argonne

234

A Cosmological Model without Singularity and Dark Matter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

According to the cosmological model without singularity, there are s-matter and v-matter which are symmetric and have oppose gravitational masses. In V-breaking s-matter is similar to dark energy to cause expansion of the universe with an acceleration now, and v-matter is composed of v-F-matter and v-W-matter which are symmetric and have the same gravitational masses and forms the world. The ratio of s-matter to v-matter is changeable. Based on the cosmological model, we confirm that big bang nucleosynthesis is not spoiled by that the average energy density of W-matter (mirror matter) is equal to that of F-matter (ordinary matter). According to the present model, there are three sorts of dark matter which are v-W-baryon matter (4/27), unknown v-F-matter (9.5/27) and v-W-matter (9.5/27). Given v-F-baryon matter (4/27) and v-W-baryon matter can cluster and respectively form the visible galaxies and dark galaxies. Unknown v-F-matter and v-W-matter cannot cluster to form any celestial body, loosely distribute in space, are equivalent to cold dark matter, and their compositions are unknown. The number in a bracket is the ratio of the density of a sort of matter to total density of v-matter. The decisive predict is that there are dark celestial bodies and dark galaxies. The energy of F-matter can transform into the energy of W-matter by such a process in which the reaction energy is high enough.

Shi-Hao Chen

2010-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

235

New online GIS technology degree and online professional GIS technology certificate, University of Arizona, School of Geography and Development  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

New online GIS technology degree and online professional GIS technology certificate, University-O format will enable students from around the globe to complete courses in GIS analysis and programming input from professionals in a wide range of industries that rely upon GIS for operations and decision

236

Dark matter and dark energy: summary and future directions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Brook Workshop, New York, 1979 (ed. P...Dark Matter and Dark Energy in the Universe...Dark Matter and Dark Energy in the Universe...Dark matter and dark energy 2627 Steinhardt...Cargese, 1979. New York: Plenum. Takeda...

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Fermilab | Science | Particle Physics | Dark matter and dark...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Dark matter and dark energy photo Visible matter makes up just 4 percent of the contents of the universe; the remaining 96 percent is made of dark matter and dark energy....

238

White-matter abnormalities in brain during early abstinence from methamphetamine abuse  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

nuclear gray matter, and white matter of human subjects whoHC) subjects show larger white-matter volume (Thompson ethigher incidence of white-matter signal hyperintensities (

Tobias, Marc C.; O’Neill, Joseph; Hudkins, Matthew; Bartzokis, George; Dean, Andrew C.; London, Edythe D.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Online communities in Poland: are e-commerce companies involved in creating and managing online social networks?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The challenges in the lifestyles, social and economical conversions, and technological developments lead the marketers to use modern marketing techniques. The way people used to communicate has completely been changed over the last decade. Nowadays, online social networks are one of the most powerful communication and information sharing systems worldwide. The authors put a thesis that the top e-commerce companies in Poland create and develop online communities with the intention of using them in marketing strategies. The paper presents the results of pilot study conducted on in Poland. The main purpose of this study is to contribute to the concept of online social networks as an alternative marketing technique. The following hypothesis will be tested: Hypothesis 1: top e-commerce companies in Poland involve online communities in their business; Hypothesis 2: the degree of e-commerce companies involvement in relations with online communities is not related with the business sector.

Aleksandra Grzesiuk; Ewa FrÄ?ckiewicz

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

The first cryogenic dark matter experiment  

SciTech Connect

An experimental search for dark matter particle candidates using cryogenic detectors requires a low radioactive background environment. The authors discuss the status of a cryogenic dark matter experiment to be performed in the Stanford Underground Facility. The detectors will be cooled in a specially designed cryostat connected to a modified side access Oxford 400 dilution refrigerator. Details of the cryostat design and its operating performance are presented. The effectiveness of the multi-level shield surrounding the cryostat, as well as the background levels expected to be achieved in the pilot experiment are discussed. Finally, the limits which can be set on dark matter candidates with such an experiment are discussed.

Barnes, P.D.; Aubourg, E.; Akerib, D.S.; Cummings, A.; Lange, A.E.; Margulies, S.; Sadoulet, B.; Shutt, T.; Stockwell, W.; White, S.; Young, B.A. (Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States)); Da Silva, A. (Univ. of British Columbia, BC (Canada)); Bauer, D.; Borden, D.; Caldwell, D.O.; Gray, M.; Hale, D.; Lu, A.; Witherell, M.; Yellin, S. (Univ. of California, Santa Barbara, CA (United States)); Cabrera, B.; Chugg, B.; Dougherty, B.L.; Irwin, K.D.; Penn, M.J. (Stanford Univ., Stanford, CA (United States)); Emes, J.; Smith, A.; Smith, G.; Taylor, J.; Wolgast, C.; Haller, E.E. (Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States)); Pritychenko, B.V.; Pomansky, A.A. (Institute for Nuclear Research, Moscow (Russian Federation)); Ross, R.R. (Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States) Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States))

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "matters online townhall" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Clusters in nuclear matter and Mott points  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Light clusters (mass number $A \\leq 4$) in nuclear matter at subsaturation densities are described using a quantum statistical approach. In addition to self-energy and Pauli-blocking, effects of continuum correlations are taken into account to calculate the quasiparticle properties and abundances of light elements. Medium-modified quasiparticle properties are important ingredients to derive a nuclear matter equation of state applicable in the entire region of warm dense matter below saturation density. The influence of the nucleon-nucleon interaction on the quasiparticle shift is discussed.

Röpke, G

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Mesoscopic Fractional Quantum in Soft Matter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Soft matter (e.g., biomaterials, polymers, sediments, oil, emulsions) has become an important bridge between physics and diverse disciplines. Its fundamental physical mechanism, however, is largely obscure. This study made the first attempt to connect fractional Schrodinger equation and soft matter physics under a consistent framework from empirical power scaling to phenomenological kinetics and macromechanics to mesoscopic quantum mechanics. The original contributions are the fractional quantum relationships, which show Levy statistics and fractional Brownian motion are essentially related to momentum and energy, respectively. The fractional quantum underlies fractal mesostructures and many-body interactions of macromolecules in soft matter and is experimentally testable.

W Chen

2005-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

243

The Right Technology Matters: The Importantce of Public-Private...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

The Right Technology Matters: The Importantce of Public-Private Partnerships for Engine Development The Right Technology Matters: The Importantce of Public-Private Partnerships for...

244

Overview of Pump Systems Matter | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers (EERE)

Pump Systems Matter Pump Systems Matter (PSM) is a non-profit (501(c) 3) educational foundation, established to educate the marketplace and promote pumping systems energy...

245

Reduction of Transient Particulate Matter Spikes with Decision...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Transient Particulate Matter Spikes with Decision Tree Based Control Reduction of Transient Particulate Matter Spikes with Decision Tree Based Control Using a non-parametric...

246

Constraining Dark Matter and Dark Energy Models using Astrophysical Surveys  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of current dark energy astrophysical surveys. Although manyMatter and Dark Energy Models using Astrophysical Surveys byMatter and Dark Energy Models using Astrophysical Surveys A

Cieplak, Agnieszka M.

247

SLAC Library - Online Particle Physics Information  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

May 2002 May 2002 This list describes a broad set of online resources that are of value to the particle physics community. It is prescreened and highly selective. It describes the scope, size, and organization of the resources so that efficient choices can be made amongst many sites which may appear similar. A resource is excluded if it provides information primarily of interest to only one institution. Databases and resources focusing primarily on accelerator physics have been excluded in deference to the excellent compilation at the World Wide Web Virtual Library of Beam Physics and Accelerator Technology. My thanks to Betty Armstrong, Particle Data Group, the SLAC Library staff, and the many particle physics Web site and database maintainers who have all given me their generous assistance. Please send comments and

248

Understanding Common Perceptions from Online Social Media  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Modern society habitually uses online social media services to publicly share observations, thoughts, opinions, and beliefs at any time and from any location. These geotagged social media posts may provide aggregate insights into people's perceptions on a bad range of topics across a given geographical area beyond what is currently possible through services such as Yelp and Foursquare. This paper develops probabilistic language models to investigate whether collective, topic-based perceptions within a geographical area can be extracted from the content of geotagged Twitter posts. The capability of the methodology is illustrated using tweets from three areas of different sizes. An application of the approach to support power grid restoration following a storm is presented.

Doran, Derek; Dagnino, Aldo

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Ultrafast Spectroscopy of Warm Dense Matter  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ultrafast Spectroscopy of Warm Dense Matter Print Ultrafast Spectroscopy of Warm Dense Matter Print Being neither solid, liquid, gas, nor plasma, warm dense matter (WDM) occupies a no man's land in the map of material phases. Its temperature can range between that of planetary cores (tens of thousands K) to that of stellar cores (hundreds of thousands K). Not only is it prevalent throughout the universe, it is relevant to inertial confinement fusion (ICF) and material performance under extreme conditions. However, because of its extreme temperatures and pressures, WDM tends to be drastically transient and thus difficult to study in the laboratory. Now, researchers have set up ultrafast x-ray absorption spectroscopy at the ALS to measure the electronic structure of WDMs, demonstrating that fast-changing electron temperatures of matter under extreme conditions can be determined with picosecond resolution.

250

BNL | QCD Matter, Big Bang Physics  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

QCD Matter QCD Matter image Physicist Paul Sorensen next to the STAR detector at Brookhaven's Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider Exploring Matter at the Dawn of Time Brookhaven Lab leads the world in exploring how the matter that makes up atomic nuclei behaved just after the Big Bang. At that time, more than 13 billion years ago, there were no protons and neutrons-just a sea of "free" quarks and gluons, fundamental particles whose interactions are governed by nature's strongest force and described by the theory of quantum chromodynamics (QCD). More than 1,000 scientists from around the nation and the world come to Brookhaven to recreate this "quark-gluon plasma" by accelerating heavy ions (atoms stripped of their electrons) to nearly the speed of light and smashing them together at the Lab's

251

Pump Systems Matter Mission and Vision:  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Pump Systems Matter Mission and Vision: Pump Systems Matter Mission and Vision: Pump Systems Matter(tm) (PSM) places a primary focus on pump systems education and outreach and addresses energy savings and total cost of pump ownership. Vision: Pump Systems Matter initiative assists North American pump users gain a more competitive business advantage through strategic, broad-based energy management and pump system performance optimization. Mission: To provide the marketplace with tools and collaborative opportunities to integrate pump system performance optimization and efficient energy management practices into normal business operations. Essential Elements: * Build awareness of the benefits of systems optimization and pump system life cycle cost at the management, production and technical levels of companies throughout the supply chain.

252

Energy Matters Mailbag | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy Matters Mailbag Energy Matters Mailbag Energy Matters Mailbag July 8, 2011 - 6:21pm Addthis John Schueler John Schueler Former New Media Specialist, Office of Public Affairs Editor's Note: Want to know more about Energy? Whether your seeking tips for saving money, insight on a scientific concept or more details on our policies we invite you to submit your questions via e-mail, Facebook or Twitter for possible inclusion in future editions of our mailbag series. During last week's edition of Energy Matters, Dr. Arun Majumdar discussed what we as a Department are doing to help diversify our energy portfolio, foster new technologies and break our reliance on foreign oil. He also responded to a variety of questions on the subject submitted via e-mail and by our followers on Facebook and Twitter.

253

Energy Matters Mailbag | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Matters Mailbag Matters Mailbag Energy Matters Mailbag July 8, 2011 - 6:21pm Addthis John Schueler John Schueler Former New Media Specialist, Office of Public Affairs Editor's Note: Want to know more about Energy? Whether your seeking tips for saving money, insight on a scientific concept or more details on our policies we invite you to submit your questions via e-mail, Facebook or Twitter for possible inclusion in future editions of our mailbag series. During last week's edition of Energy Matters, Dr. Arun Majumdar discussed what we as a Department are doing to help diversify our energy portfolio, foster new technologies and break our reliance on foreign oil. He also responded to a variety of questions on the subject submitted via e-mail and by our followers on Facebook and Twitter.

254

Disentangling Dark Matter Dynamics with Directional Detection  

SciTech Connect

Inelastic dark matter reconciles the DAMA anomaly with other null direct detection experiments and points to a non-minimal structure in the dark matter sector. In addition to the dominant inelastic interaction, dark matter scattering may have a subdominant elastic component. If these elastic interactions are suppressed at low momentum transfer, they will have similar nuclear recoil spectra to inelastic scattering events. While upcoming direct detection experiments will see strong signals from such models, they may not be able to unambiguously determine the presence of the subdominant elastic scattering from the recoil spectra alone. We show that directional detection experiments can separate elastic and inelastic scattering events and discover the underlying dynamics of dark matter models.

Lisanti, Mariangela; Wacker, Jay G.; /SLAC

2009-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

255

Hadronic matter and rapidly rotating compact stars  

SciTech Connect

In part one of this paper the authors review the present status of neutron star matter calculations, and introduce a representative collection of realistic nuclear equations of state which are derived for different assumptions about the physical behavior of dense matter (baryon populations, pion condensation, possible transition of baryon matter to quark matter). Part two deals with the theoretical determination of the minimum possible rotational periods of neutron stars, performed in the framework of general relativity, whose knowledge serves to distinguish between pulsars that can be understood as rotating neutron stars and those that cannot. Likely candidates for the latter are hypothetical strange stars. Their properties are discussed in the third part of this contribution.

Weber, F.; Kettner, C. [Univ. of Munich (Germany). Inst. for Theoretical Physics; Glendenning, N.K. [Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States). Nuclear Science Div.

1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Dark Matter Searches with Representing the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

· Supernova Remnants · Unidentified Gamma-ray Sources · Gamma-Ray Bursts · Solar Physics · Dark Matter #12)United States · California State University at Sonoma (SSU) · University of California at Santa Cruz - Santa

California at Santa Cruz, University of

257

Can Dark Matter Decay in Dark Energy?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We analyze the interaction between Dark Energy and Dark Matter from a thermodynamical perspective. By assuming they have different temperatures, we study the possibility of occurring a decay from Dark Matter into Dark Energy, characterized by a negative parameter $Q$. We find that, if at least one of the fluids has non vanishing chemical potential, for instance $\\mu_x0$, the decay is possible, where $\\mu_x$ and $\\mu_{dm}$ are the chemical potentials of Dark Energy and Dark Matter, respectively. Using recent cosmological data, we find that, for a fairly simple interaction, the Dark Matter decay is favored with a probability of $\\sim 93%$ over the Dark Energy decay. This result comes from a likelihood analysis where only background evolution has been considered.

S. H. Pereira; J. F. Jesus

2009-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

258

Neutron Matter from Low to High Density  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Neutron matter is an intriguing nuclear system with multiple connections to other areas of physics. Considerable progress has been made over the last two decades in exploring the properties of pure neutron fluids. Here we begin by reviewing work done to explore the behavior of very low density neutron matter, which forms a strongly paired superfluid and is thus similar to cold Fermi atoms, though at energy scales differing by many orders of magnitude. We then increase the density, discussing work that ties the study of neutron matter with the determination of the properties of neutron-rich nuclei and neutron-star crusts. After this, we review the impact neutron matter at even higher densities has on the mass-radius relation of neutron stars, thereby making contact with astrophysical observations.

Gandolfi, Stefano; Carlson, J

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Thermal Properties of Asymmetric Nuclear Matter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The thermal properties of asymmetric nuclear matter are investigated in a relativistic mean- field approach. We start from free space NN-interactions and derive in-medium self-energies by Dirac-Brueckner theory. By the DDRH procedure we derive in a self-consistent approach density- dependent meson-baryon vertices. At the mean-field level, we include isoscalar and isovector scalar and vector interactions. The nuclear equation of state is investigated for a large range of total baryon densities up to the neutron star regime, the full range of asymmetries from symmetric nuclear matter to pure neutron matter, and temperatures up to T~100 MeV. The isovector-scalar self-energies are found to modify strongly the thermal properties of asymmetric nuclear matter. A striking result is the change of phase transitions when isovector-scalar self-energies are included.

Fedoseew, Andreas

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Particulate matter in the south Atlantic Ocean  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The particulate matter (PM) distribution in the south Atlantic Ocean and its relationship to water masses and currents were determined from optical and hydrographic data. Attenuation coefficients were obtained by interfacing a beam transmissometer...

Wood, Megan Maria

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "matters online townhall" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

What is the Evidence for Dark Matter?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Newtonian mechanics indicates that galaxies and galaxy clusters are much more massive than we would have guessed from their luminosities, with the discrepancy being generally attributed to dark matter halos. An alternative hypothesis is that accelerations in very weak gravitational fields are larger than predicted by Newton's laws, and there is no need for dark matter. Even though we do not currently have a satisfactory theory associated with this rival hypothesis, we can ask whether any observational tests could rule it out or prefer it over the dark matter hypothesis. Current evidence suggests that neither hypothesis enjoys a decisive advantage over the other. If dark matter turns out to be the correct interpretation however, then theories of galaxy formation face some quite severe fine-tuning problems.

J A Sellwood

2004-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

262

Muon Fluxes From Dark Matter Annihilation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We calculate the muon flux from annihilation of the dark matter in the core of the Sun, in the core of the Earth and from cosmic diffuse neutrinos produced in dark matter annihilation in the halos. We consider model-independent direct neutrino production and secondary neutrino production from the decay of taus produced in the annihilation of dark matter. We illustrate how muon energy distribution from dark matter annihilation has a very different shape than muon flux from atmospheric neutrinos. We consider both the upward muon flux, when muons are created in the rock below the detector, and the contained flux when muons are created in the (ice) detector. We contrast our results to the ones previously obtained in the literature, illustrating the importance of properly treating muon propagation and energy loss. We comment on neutrino flavor dependence and their detection.

Arif Emre Erkoca; Mary Hall Reno; Ina Sarcevic

2009-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

263

Cortical white matter: beyond the pale  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The tracts within the subcortical white matter and corpus callosum provide an anatomical connectivity that is essential for normal cognitive functioning. These structures are predominantly made up of axons that are myelinated ...

Rockland, Kathleen

264

Antigravitation, Dark Energy, Dark Matter - Alternative Solution  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Collisional damping of gravitational waves in the Newtonian matter is investigated. The generalized theory of Landau damping is applied to the gravitational physical systems in the context of the plasma gravitational analogy.

Boris V. Alexeev

2009-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

265

Manual for Classified Matter Protection and Control  

Directives, Delegations, and Requirements

Provides detailed requirements for the protection and control of classified matter which supplement DOE O 471.2A. Cancels DOE M 471.2-1 dated 09/26/1995.

1998-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

266

Condensed Matter Theory Center Wednesday, January 4  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Condensed Matter Theory Center Seminar Wednesday, January 4 11:00am-12:00pm 2205 Physics Building) methods may be used to address such a problem by calculating both global (condensate fraction, superfluid

Lathrop, Daniel P.

267

Investigation of Direct Injection Vehicle Particulate Matter...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Emissions This study focuses primarily on particulate matter mass analysis of a gasoline direct injection engine in a test cell with a chassis dynamometer. p-10gibbs.pdf...

268

Measuring Online Deliberation in Local Politics: An Empirical Analysis of the 2011 Zurich City Debate  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Administrations increasingly use the internet to improve citizens' participation in political processes. While research on online political communication and e-democracy is growing, we still have little empirical evidence on the quality of online participation ... Keywords: Content Analysis, Local Politics, Online Deliberation, Online Discussion, Public Sphere, Switzerland, e-Democracy, e-Participation

Ulrike Klinger, Uta Russmann

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

PSH-12-0083 - In the Matter of In the Matter of Personnel Security Hearing  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

83 - In the Matter of In the Matter of Personnel Security 83 - In the Matter of In the Matter of Personnel Security Hearing PSH-12-0083 - In the Matter of In the Matter of Personnel Security Hearing On November 14, 2012, an OHA Hearing Officer issued a decision in which he concluded that an individual's security clearance should be restored. A Local Security Office suspended the individual's security clearance for failing to comply with rules regarding the handling of classified information and conduct within limited access areas and for failing to report such non-compliance. This behavior raised security concerns under Criteria G and L. After conducting a hearing and evaluating the documentary and testimonial evidence, the Hearing Officer found that the individual had presented sufficient evidence to resolve these security

270

Trends Online: A Compendium of Data on Global Change  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

Data records are presented in multipage formats, each dealing with a specific site, region, or emissions species. The data records include tables; graphs; discussions of methods for collecting, measuring, and reporting the data; trends in the data, and references to literature providing further information. Instructions for citing specific data in Trends Online are provided for each compiled data set. All data appearing in Trends Online are available, on request, on digital media from CDIAC at no cost. [Copied from the Abstract to Trends Online at http://cdiac.ornl.gov/trends/abstract.htm

271

Superheavy sterile neutrinos as dark matter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(Chair of Committee) Ronald A. Bryan (Member) S ephen A. Fulling (Member) Thomas Adair, III (Head of Department) May 2000 Major Subject: Physics ABSTRACT Superheavy Sterile Neutrinos as Dark Matter. (May 2000) Yongjun Tang, B. S. , Jilin... this research. Thanks also go to Dr. Ronald A. Bryan and Dr. Stephen A. Fulling for being my committee members. vu TABLE OF CONTENTS CHAPTER Page I INTRODUCTION . II DARK MATTER MODELS III NEUTRINO OSCILLATION . A. Neutrino Oscillation in Vacuum B...

Tang, Yongjun

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

272

Dark Matter Density in Disk Galaxies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

I show that the predicted densities of the inner dark matter halos in LCDM models of structure formation appear to be higher than estimates from real galaxies and constraints from dynamical friction on bars. This inconsistency would not be a problem for the LCDM model if physical processes that are omitted in the collisionless collapse simulations were able to reduce the dark matter density in the inner halos. I review the mechanisms proposed to achieve the needed density reduction.

J. A. Sellwood

2008-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

273

Magnetism and superconductivity in quark matter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Magnetic properties of quark matter and its relation to the microscopic origin of the magnetic field observed in compact stars are studied. Spontaneous spin polarization appears in high-density region due to the Fock exchange term, which may provide a scenario for the behaviors of magnetars. On the other hand, quark matter becomes unstable to form spin density wave in the moderate density region, where restoration of chiral symmetry plays an important role. Coexistence of magnetism and color superconductivity is also discussed.

T. Tatsumi; E. Nakano; K. Nawa

2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

SU(5) Grand Unified Model and Dark Matter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A dark matter model which is called w-matter or mirror dark matter is concretely constructed based on (f-SU(5))X(w-SU(5)) symmetry. There is no Higgs field and all masses originate from interactions in the present model. W-matter is dark matter relatively to f-matter and vice versa. In high-energy processes or when temperature is very high, visible matter and dark matter can transform from one into another. In such process energy seems to be non-conservational, because dark matter cannot be detected. In low-energy processes or when temperature is low, there is only gravitation interaction of dark matter for visible matter.

Shi-Hao Chen

2009-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

275

Identifying dark matter interactions in monojet searches  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the discrimination of quark-initiated jets from gluon-initiated jets in monojet searches for dark matter using the technique of averaged jet energy profiles. We demonstrate our results in the context of effective field theories of dark matter interactions with quarks and gluons, but our methods apply more generally to a wide class of models. Different effective theories of dark matter and the standard model backgrounds each have a characteristic quark/gluon fraction for the leading jet. When used in conjunction with the traditional cut-and-count monojet search, the jet energy profile can be used to set stronger bounds on contact interactions of dark matter. In the event of a discovery of a monojet excess at the 14 TeV LHC, contact interactions between dark matter with quarks or with gluons can be differentiated at the 95% confidence level. For a given rate at the LHC, signal predictions at direct detection experiments for different dark matter interactions can span five orders of magnitude. The ability to identify these interactions allows us to make a tighter connection between LHC searches and direct detection experiments.

Prateek Agrawal; Vikram Rentala

2013-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

276

START and Online Education Program Update Webinar | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

START and Online Education Program Update Webinar START and Online Education Program Update Webinar START and Online Education Program Update Webinar January 30, 2013 11:00AM MST Webinar The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Indian Energy Policy and Programs, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Tribal Energy Program, and Western Area Power Administration are pleased to continue their sponsorship of the Tribal Renewable Energy Webinar Series. Attend this webinar to get an overview of the START program, activities, and accomplishments, and learn about DOE's new renewable energy education curriculum for Tribes, delivered through a new online training platform. The webinar will be held from 11 a.m. to 12:30 p.m. Mountain time. Why You Should Attend Find ways to promote tribal energy sufficiency and foster economic

277

Comparing Appliance and Lighting Energy Costs Online Just Got Easier |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Comparing Appliance and Lighting Energy Costs Online Just Got Comparing Appliance and Lighting Energy Costs Online Just Got Easier Comparing Appliance and Lighting Energy Costs Online Just Got Easier January 11, 2013 - 10:12am Addthis The EnergyGuide and Lighting Facts labels help you understand both the purchase price and the operating cost when shopping for new appliances or lighting. The EnergyGuide and Lighting Facts labels help you understand both the purchase price and the operating cost when shopping for new appliances or lighting. What are the key facts? The FTC now requires online retailers to post the label for any product with an EnergyGuide or Lighting Facts label. In my house, we love to comparison shop. Before any major purchase, we spend a lot of time researching our options. We read reviews, compare

278

DOE Announces International Agreement on Global Science Online Gateway |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Announces International Agreement on Global Science Online Announces International Agreement on Global Science Online Gateway DOE Announces International Agreement on Global Science Online Gateway June 12, 2008 - 1:30pm Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today announced the establishment of a multilateral alliance to govern the rapidly growing online gateway to international scientific research information--WorldWideScience.org. Officials from organizations representing 38 countries formalized their commitment today in Seoul, Korea, by signing a WorldWideScience Alliance agreement to sustain and build upon joint efforts to provide a single, sophisticated point of access for diverse scientific resources and expertise from nations around the world. "WorldWideScience.org is already a wonderful tool for communication,

279

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: SunPosition online  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

SunPosition online SunPosition online Sunposition online image Easy to use, fast and highly accurate professional sun positioning application with professionally presented printouts for members location results. SunPosition online uses an advanced mathematical algorithm to run calculations which are incredibly accurate, probably the most accurate available, meaning you can be sure to know exactly where to expect the sun, wherever and whenever you need to. Calculations can be made using either true or magnetic north, the application even calculates the magnetic declination for the selected location or location longitude and latitude co-ordinates if manually entered. Ideally suited to be used with Suunto high precision instruments. Screen Shots Keywords sun position, solar angle design, solar azimuth, solar altitude, sun path

280

Climate Change: Risks and Opportunities for the Finance Sector Online  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Climate Change: Risks and Opportunities for the Finance Sector Online Climate Change: Risks and Opportunities for the Finance Sector Online Course Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Climate Change: Risks and Opportunities for the Finance Sector Online Course Agency/Company /Organization: United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) Sector: Climate Topics: Finance Resource Type: Training materials, Video, Webinar Website: www.unepfi.org/training/index.html Cost: Free Language: English References: Climate Change: Risks and Opportunities for the Finance Sector Online Course[1] "To equip representatives of financial institutions - including banks, insurers, and fund managers - as well as other stakeholders with the necessary knowledge and skills to address climate change risks and capitalise on its opportunities. The course has been running since 2007,

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "matters online townhall" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Online Classified or Controlled Information Mini-Lessons | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Online Classified or Controlled Information Mini-Lessons Online Classified or Controlled Information Mini-Lessons Online Classified or Controlled Information Mini-Lessons These online lessons are short animated lessons to provide you with a quick refresher on some aspect of classified or controlled information. If there is a particular aspect of classified or controlled information you would like addressed in a lesson, please contact the Outreach Program at (301) 903-5767 or outreach@hq.doe.gov. Classified Information Marking Classified Documents: These lessons cover marking derivatively classified documents. Marking Documents Containing RD or FRD How to Fill out the Classification Authority Block when multiple sources are used (for documents containing RD or FRD) Marking Documents Containing NSI How to Fill out the Classification Authority Block when multiple

282

Sec. Chu Online Town Hall | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Online Town Hall Online Town Hall Sec. Chu Online Town Hall Addthis Description Secretary Steven Chu hosted an online town hall to discuss the clean energy and innovation agenda President Obama laid out in his 2011 State of the Union address. (January 26, 2011) Speakers Secretary Steven Chu Duration 51:59 Topic Tax Credits, Rebates, Savings Energy Sources Energy Economy Credit Energy Department Video SECRETARY STEVEN CHU: All right, thank you. I'd like to first thank you for being here and all those out there in ether-land, cyberspace also, for joining us. I just want to briefly make a couple comments before handing it over to questions. Last night, President Obama laid out strategy for America to create jobs and win the future, and there were central themes going throughout his

283

DOE Announces International Agreement on Global Science Online Gateway |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

International Agreement on Global Science Online International Agreement on Global Science Online Gateway DOE Announces International Agreement on Global Science Online Gateway June 12, 2008 - 1:30pm Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today announced the establishment of a multilateral alliance to govern the rapidly growing online gateway to international scientific research information--WorldWideScience.org. Officials from organizations representing 38 countries formalized their commitment today in Seoul, Korea, by signing a WorldWideScience Alliance agreement to sustain and build upon joint efforts to provide a single, sophisticated point of access for diverse scientific resources and expertise from nations around the world. "WorldWideScience.org is already a wonderful tool for communication,

284

New Online Marketplace for Small Business Contracting Launched by  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

New Online Marketplace for Small Business Contracting Launched by New Online Marketplace for Small Business Contracting Launched by Presidential Fellows New Online Marketplace for Small Business Contracting Launched by Presidential Fellows January 17, 2013 - 2:54pm Addthis John Hale III John Hale III Director, Office of Small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization Editor's Note: This article was originally posted on the Small Business Administration's website. The U.S. Small Business Administration, in conjunction with the White House's Presidential Innovation Fellows, today launched a "beta" (pilot) version of RFP-EZ, a new online marketplace that streamlines the government contracting process, making it simpler for small businesses to find and bid on low-dollar contracts from federal agencies. The new program allows the government to source low-cost, high-impact

285

Chinese online BBS sphere : what BBS has brought to China  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis explores various aspects of the online Bulletin Board System (BBS) world as they relate to the possibilities of the public sphere in China. It addresses two major questions: what has BBS brought to China where ...

Jin, Liwen, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Online Booking On The Net — Problems, Issues and Solutions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Web-based tourist information systems are more and more required not to offer online brochures only, but rather to provide both, value and service. One of the first Web-based tourist information systems that r...

B. Pröll; W. Retschitzegger; P. Kroiß…

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

A strategic analysis of online grocery and its future outlook  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(cont.) are suggested to help future online grocers avoid the mistakes made by the earlier attempt, align their business strategy with the growing consumer interest in specialty foods and wellness services and find the ...

Xie, Kang, 1973-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Modeling problem solving in Massive Open Online Courses  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.Massive Open Online Courses (MOOC) have presented a completely new style of learning and teaching that also brings us a massive amount of student behavioral data. Some of this data is exclusive to the MOOC environment. ...

Han, Fang, M. Eng. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Online allocation algorithms with applications in computational advertising  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Over the last few decades, a wide variety of allocation markets emerged from the Internet and introduced interesting algorithmic challenges, e.g., ad auctions, online dating markets, matching skilled workers to jobs, etc. ...

Zadimoghaddam, Morteza

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

POGs: An Online Resource For Plant Comparative Genomics .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The Putative Orthologous Groups database (POGs-http://pogs.uoregon.edu)presents scientists with an online web application for understanding gene function through the phylogenetic relationships between the genomes of Arabidopsis,… (more)

Tomcal, Michael

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

On-line Planning Simulation Scott D. Anderson  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

On-line Planning Simulation Scott D. Anderson Spelman College Atlanta, GA 30314-4399 anderson will be satis ed, and so forth. Nevertheless, such evaluation is critical to a scienti c understanding of how

Southern California, University of

292

Online traveling salesman problem with deadlines and service flexibility  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Considering the customer psychology while waiting to be served, we introduce a more reasonable form of deadlines into online traveling salesman problem (OL-TSP) with service flexibility. The salesman can choos...

Xingang Wen; Yinfeng Xu; Huili Zhang

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Dynamic Online-Advertising Auctions as Stochastic Scheduling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study dynamic models of online-advertising auctions in the Internet: advertisers compete for space on a web page over multiple time periods, and the web page displays ads in differentiated slots based on their bids and ...

Menache, Ishai

294

Targeted online advertising : persuasion in an era of massless communication  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In recent years, the decline of the mass media and the growth of a participatory and fragmented audience online have forced advertisers, agencies, and publishers to revise their thinking about delivering marketing messages ...

Baird, Eleanor Coumont

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

When Does Retargeting Work? Information Specificity in Online Advertising  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Firms can now offer personalized recommendations to consumers who return to their website, using consumers' previous browsing history on that website. In addition, online advertising has greatly improved in its use of ...

Lambrecht, Anja

296

Distributed Online Learning of Central Pattern Generators in Modular Robots  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper we study distributed online learning of locomotion gaits for modular robots. The learning is based on a stochastic approximation method, SPSA, which optimizes the parameters of coupled oscillator...

David Johan Christensen; Alexander Spröwitz…

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Digital Diaries: What will become of our online memories?   

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is visited by 4 TTT|H|O? people a day‘ So what do w@ do?So what do people have to say? Question: Do yaw careAbstract Digital Diaries: What will become of our online

Moy, Chelsi

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Learning Neuroscience: An Interactive Case-Based Online Network (ICON)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We have developed an interactive case-based online network (ICON) that provides a new learning environment and ... one of Harvard's interfaculty science initiatives. ICON takes advantage of this cross-disciplinar...

James J. Quattrochi; Susan Pasquale…

2002-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Documenting your research: logbooks, online reports, code archive  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Documenting your research: logbooks, online reports, code archive Sample Type Length (nm) Err 1 and meaningful - Daily entries keep track of flow of project: "Today (3/10/03) I moved the voltmeter to the AC

Ha, Taekjip

300

MODELING CONTENT LIFESPAN IN ONLINE SOCIAL NETWORKS USING DATA MINING  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Online Social Networks (OSNs) are integrated into business, entertainment, politics, and education; they are integrated into nearly every facet of our everyday lives. They have played essential roles in milestones for ...

Gibbons, John William

2014-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "matters online townhall" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Online Modeling in the Process Industry for Energy Optimization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

"This paper discusses how steady state models are being used in the process industry to perform online energy optimization of steam and electrical systems. It presents process demands commonly found in the processing industry in terms of steam...

Alexander, J.

302

Syllabus for MA 15400Y Online Section Summer 2014 Expectations ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Online Section. Summer 2014. Expectations: ... a) If ten students receive an A, according to the four-exam cut-offs, the first 10 students, on the list of total points,

Roames, Renee S

2014-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

303

Web Mapping and Online GIS Applications for Renewable Energy...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Web Mapping and Online GIS Applications for Renewable Energy EERE TAP Webinar Dan Getman and Ted Quinby May 26, 2010 Innovation for Our Energy Future Innovation for Our Energy...

304

Niwot Ridge CRN Station Up & On-Line.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Niwot Ridge CRN Station Up & On-Line. I made a decision after the Science Panel Review to put tree removal Wind Speed 3, terrain elevation change Solar Radiation 3, solar shading to west #12;

305

Comparing Appliance and Lighting Energy Costs Online Just Got Easier |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Appliance and Lighting Energy Costs Online Just Got Appliance and Lighting Energy Costs Online Just Got Easier Comparing Appliance and Lighting Energy Costs Online Just Got Easier January 11, 2013 - 10:12am Addthis The EnergyGuide and Lighting Facts labels help you understand both the purchase price and the operating cost when shopping for new appliances or lighting. The EnergyGuide and Lighting Facts labels help you understand both the purchase price and the operating cost when shopping for new appliances or lighting. What are the key facts? The FTC now requires online retailers to post the label for any product with an EnergyGuide or Lighting Facts label. In my house, we love to comparison shop. Before any major purchase, we spend a lot of time researching our options. We read reviews, compare specs, hunt for the best prices, and consider the long-term costs. The

306

A reactor core on-line monitoring program - COMP  

SciTech Connect

A program named COMP is developed for on-line monitoring PWRs' in-core power distribution in this paper. Harmonics expansion method is used in COMP. The Unit 1 reactor of Daya Bay Nuclear Power Plant (Daya Bay NPP) in China is considered for verification. The numerical results show that the maximum relative error between measurement and reconstruction results from COMP is less than 5%, and the computing time is short, indicating that COMP is capable for online monitoring PWRs. (authors)

Wang, C. [State Nuclear Power Software Development Center, Beijing, 100029 (China); School of Nuclear Science and Technology, Xi'an Jiaotong Univ. (China); Building 1, Compound No.29, North Third Ring Road, Xicheng District, Beijing, 100029 (China); Wu, H.; Cao, L. [School of Nuclear Science and Technology, Xi'an Jiaotong Univ. (China)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Search for pseudoscalar cold dark matter  

SciTech Connect

AH dynamical evidence points to the conclusion that the predominant form of matter in the universe is in a non-luminous form. Furthermore, large scale deviations from uniform Hubble flow, and the recent COBE reports of inhomogeneities in the cosmic microwave background strongly suggest that we live in an exactly closed universe. If this is true, then ordinary baryonic matter could only be a minority component (10% at most) of the missing mass, and that what constitutes the majority of the dark matter must involve new physics. The axion is one of very few well motivated candidates which may comprise the dark matter. Additionally it is a `cold` dark-matter candidate which is preferred by the COBE data. We propose to construct and operate an experiment to search for axions which may constitute the dark matter of our own galaxy. As proposed by Sikivie, dark-matter axions may be detected by their stimulated conversion into monochromatic microwave photons in a tunable high-Q cavity inside a strong magnetic field. Our ability to mount an experiment quickly and take data within one year is due to a confluence of three factors. The first is the availability of a compact high field superconducting magnet and a local industrial partner, Wang NMR, who can make a very thermally efficient and economical cryostat for it. The second is an ongoing joint venture with the Institute for Nuclear Research of the Russian Academy of Sciences to do R&D on metalized precision-formed ceramic microwave cavities for the axion search, and INR has commited to providing all the microwave cavity arrays for this experiment, should this proposal be approved. The third is a commitment of very substantial startup capital monies from MIT for all of the state-of-the-art ultra-low noise microwave electronics, to one of our outstanding young collaborators who is joining their faculty.

van Bibber, K.; Stoeffl, W.; LLNL Collaborators

1992-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

308

Past and present of nuclear matter  

SciTech Connect

The subject of nuclear matter is interesting for many fields of physics ranging from condensed matter to lattice QCD. Knowing its properties is important for our understanding of neutron stars, supernovae and cosmology. Experimentally, we have the most precise information on ground state nuclear matter from the mass formula and from the systematics of monopole vibrations. This gives us the ground state density, binding energy and the compression modulus k at ground state density. However, those methods can not be extended towards the regime we are most interested in, the regime of high density and high temperature. Additional information can be obtained from the observation of neutron stars and of supernova explosions. In both cases information is limited by the rare events that nature provides for us. High energy heavy ion collisions, on the other hand, allow us to perform controlled experiments in the laboratory. For a very short period in time we can create a system that lets us study nuclear matter properties. Density and temperature of the system depend on the mass of the colliding nuclei, on their energy and on the impact parameter. The system created in nuclear collisions has at best about 200 constituents not even close to infinite nuclear matter, and it lasts only for collision times of {approx} 10{sup {minus}22}sec, not an ideal condition for establishing any kind of equilibrium. Extended size and thermal and chemical equilibrium, however, axe a priori conditions of nuclear matter. As a consequence we need realistic models that describe the collision dynamics and non-equilibrium effects in order to relate experimental observables to properties of nuclear matter. The study of high energy nuclear collisions started at the Bevalac. I will try to summarize the results from the Bevalac studies, the highlights of the continuing program, and extension to higher energies without claiming to be complete.

Ritter, H.G.

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

A review of young people's vulnerabilities to online grooming  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This review explores risk factors that may make a young person vulnerable to being groomed online. Even though research in this area is extremely limited, adolescents appear to be the age group most vulnerable to online grooming. Other vulnerabilities appear to be consistent with those associated with offline sexual abuse. The review suggests that behaviors specific to online grooming include: engaging in risk taking behavior online, high levels of internet access, and lack of parental involvement in the young person's internet use. Vulnerabilities to carry out these types of behavior and be more exposed to the risk of online grooming, are set within the context of the Ecological Model of child protection, consisting of: individual, family, community, and cultural risk factors. Patterns of vulnerability regarding living environment, ethnicity, socioeconomic status, and personality are tentative, but are often interconnected. The more risk taking behaviors the young person carries out, plus greater levels of vulnerability factors, the less resilient they are likely to be towards protecting themselves against online grooming. A protective factor appears to be parental involvement in their child's use of the internet. Therefore, this, in combination with internet safety education at school, is encouraged.

Helen Whittle; Catherine Hamilton-Giachritsis; Anthony Beech; Guy Collings

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Relativistic nuclear structure. I. Nuclear matter  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The formalism for the Dirac-Brueckner approach to the nuclear many-body problem is described including its basis in relativistic two-nucleon scattering. A family of relativistic meson-exchange potentials is constructed which (apart from the usual coupling terms for heavy mesons) apply the pseudovector (gradient) coupling for the interaction of pseudoscalar mesons (?,?) with nucleons. These potentials describe low-energy two-nucleon scattering and the deuteron data accurately. Using these potentials, the properties of nuclear matter are calculated in the Dirac-Brueckner-Hartree-Fock approximation, in which the empirical nuclear matter saturation is explained quantitatively. The effective two-body interaction in the nuclear matter medium (G matrix) is calculated directly in the nuclear matter rest frame. Thus, cumbersome transformations between the two-nucleon center-of-mass frame and the nuclear matter rest frame are avoided. Size and nature of relativistic effects included in the present approach are examined in detail. The formalism, the potentials, and the results of this paper may also serve as a basis and a realistic starting point for systematic relativistic nuclear structure studies as well as for the investigation of further relativistic many-body corrections and of contributions of higher order.

R. Brockmann and R. Machleidt

1990-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Matter Waves and Orbital Quantum Numbers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The atom's orbital electron structure in terms of quantum numbers (principal, azimuthal, magnetic and spin) results in space for a maximum of: 2 electrons in the n=1 orbit, 8 electrons in the n=2 orbit, 18 electrons in the n=3 orbit, and so on. Those dispositions are correct, but that is not because of quantum numbers nor angular momentum nor a "Pauli exclusion principle". Matter waves were discovered in the early 20th century from their wavelength, which was predicted by DeBroglie to be, Planck's constant divided by the particle's momentum. But, the failure to obtain a reasonable theory for the matter wave frequency resulted in loss of interest. That problem is resolved in "A Reconsideration of Matter Waves" in which a reinterpretation of Einstein's derivation of relativistic kinetic energy [which produced his famous E = mc^2] leads to a valid matter wave frequency and a new understanding of particle kinetics and the atom's stable orbits. It is analytically shown that the orbital electron arrangement is enforced by the necessity of accommodating the space that each orbiting electron's matter wave occupies.

Roger Ellman

2005-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

312

Clerc BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2013, 12:22 http://www.biomedical-engineering-online.com/content/12/22  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Clerc BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2013, 12:22 http://www.biomedical-engineering Engineering OnLine 2013, 12:22 Page 2 of 4 http://www.biomedical-engineering-online.com/content/12, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. #12;Clerc BioMedical

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

313

Nguyen et al. BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2012, 11:32 http://www.biomedical-engineering-online.com/content/11/32  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nguyen et al. BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2012, 11:32 http://www.biomedical-engineering the original work is properly cited. #12;Nguyen et al. BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2012, 11:32 Page 2 of 21 http://www.biomedical-engineering-online.com/content/11/32 analyze the patient-ventilator interface [3

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

314

(Preliminary draft) Modeling Reputation Management System on Online C2C Market Modeling Reputation Management System on Online C2C Market  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

online transactions in a consumer-to-consumer (C2C) market. We developed a computer simulation model transactions. Keywords: Reputation Management System, C2C market, e-commerce, online market, Agent(Preliminary draft) Modeling Reputation Management System on Online C2C Market Modeling Reputation

Yamamoto, Hitoshi

315

Phase transition from nuclear matter to color superconducting quark matter: the effect of the isospin  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We compute the mixed phase of nuclear matter and 2SC matter for different temperatures and proton fractions. After showing that the symmetry energy of the 2SC phase is, to a good approximation, three times larger than the one of the normal quark phase, we discuss and compare all the properties of the mixed phase with a 2SC component or a normal quark matter component. In particular, the local isospin densities of the nuclear and the quark component and the stiffness of the mixed phase are significantly different whether the 2SC phase or the normal quark phase are considered. If a strong diquark pairing is adopted for the 2SC phase, there is a possibility to eventually enter in the nuclear matter 2SC matter mixed phase in low energy heavy ions collisions experiments. Possible observables able to discern between the formation of the 2SC phase or the normal quark phase are finally discussed.

G. Pagliara; J. Schaffner-Bielich

2010-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

316

Working Group Report: Dark Matter Complementarity (Dark Matter in the Coming Decade: Complementary Paths to Discovery and Beyond)  

SciTech Connect

In this Report we discuss the four complementary searches for the identity of dark matter: direct detection experiments that look for dark matter interacting in the lab, indirect detection experiments that connect lab signals to dark matter in our own and other galaxies, collider experiments that elucidate the particle properties of dark matter, and astrophysical probes sensitive to non-gravitational interactions of dark matter. The complementarity among the different dark matter searches is discussed qualitatively and illustrated quantitatively in several theoretical scenarios. Our primary conclusion is that the diversity of possible dark matter candidates requires a balanced program based on all four of those approaches.

Arrenberg, Sebastian; et al.,

2013-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

317

ALS Reveals New State of Matter  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ALS Reveals New State of Matter Print ALS Reveals New State of Matter Print ALS user groups from Princeton and Stanford have been making waves this past year with several high-profile papers and extensive news coverage of their work on a new state of matter embodied by "topological insulators," materials that conduct electricity only on their surfaces. First identified at the ALS in 2007 by a Princeton team led by M. Zahid Hasan, topological insulators have been the subject of intense interest, based on unusual quantum properties that manifest themselves macroscopically. The discovery of a "second generation" of topological insulators that robustly retain these properties well above room temperature has spurred a rising tide of theoretical proposals for potential applications in nanoscale spintronic devices and fault-tolerant quantum computers. In addition, it's also been suggested that topological insulators may serve as a test bed for studies of never-before-seen particles predicted by high-energy physics.

318

ALS Reveals New State of Matter  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ALS Reveals New State of Matter Print ALS Reveals New State of Matter Print ALS user groups from Princeton and Stanford have been making waves this past year with several high-profile papers and extensive news coverage of their work on a new state of matter embodied by "topological insulators," materials that conduct electricity only on their surfaces. First identified at the ALS in 2007 by a Princeton team led by M. Zahid Hasan, topological insulators have been the subject of intense interest, based on unusual quantum properties that manifest themselves macroscopically. The discovery of a "second generation" of topological insulators that robustly retain these properties well above room temperature has spurred a rising tide of theoretical proposals for potential applications in nanoscale spintronic devices and fault-tolerant quantum computers. In addition, it's also been suggested that topological insulators may serve as a test bed for studies of never-before-seen particles predicted by high-energy physics.

319

ALS Reveals New State of Matter  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ALS Reveals New State of Matter Print ALS Reveals New State of Matter Print ALS user groups from Princeton and Stanford have been making waves this past year with several high-profile papers and extensive news coverage of their work on a new state of matter embodied by "topological insulators," materials that conduct electricity only on their surfaces. First identified at the ALS in 2007 by a Princeton team led by M. Zahid Hasan, topological insulators have been the subject of intense interest, based on unusual quantum properties that manifest themselves macroscopically. The discovery of a "second generation" of topological insulators that robustly retain these properties well above room temperature has spurred a rising tide of theoretical proposals for potential applications in nanoscale spintronic devices and fault-tolerant quantum computers. In addition, it's also been suggested that topological insulators may serve as a test bed for studies of never-before-seen particles predicted by high-energy physics.

320

VDM: a model for vector dark matter  

SciTech Connect

We construct a model based on a new U(1){sub X} gauge symmetry and a discrete Z{sub 2} symmetry under which the new gauge boson is odd. The model contains new complex scalars which carry U(1){sub X} charge but are singlets of the Standard Model. The U(1){sub X} symmetry is spontaneously broken but the Z{sub 2} symmetry is maintained, making the new gauge boson a dark matter candidate. In the minimal version there is only one complex scalar field but by extending the number of scalars to two, the model will enjoy rich phenomenology which comes in various phases. In one phase, CP is spontaneously broken. In the other phase, an accidental Z{sub 2} symmetry appears which makes one of the scalars stable and therefore a dark matter candidate along with the vector boson. We discuss the discovery potential of the model by colliders as well as the direct dark matter searches.

Farzan, Yasaman; RezaeiAkbarieh, Amin, E-mail: yasaman@theory.ipm.ac.ir, E-mail: am_rezaei@physics.sharif.ir [School of physics, Institute for Research in Fundamental Sciences (IPM), P.O. Box 19395-5531, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "matters online townhall" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Stable Higgs Bosons as Cold Dark Matter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In a class of the gauge-Higgs unification models the 4D neutral Higgs boson, which is a part of the extra-dimensional component of the gauge fields, becomes absolutely stable as a consequence of the gauge invariance and dynamically generated new parity, serving as a promising candidate for cold dark matter (CDM). We show that the observed relic abundance of cold dark matter is obtained in the SO(5) x U(1) model in the warped space with the Higgs mass around 70 GeV. The Higgs-nucleon scattering cross section is found to be close to the current CDMS II and XENON10 bounds in the direct detection of dark matter.

Yutaka Hosotani; Pyungwon Ko; Minoru Tanaka

2009-08-03T23:59:59.000Z

322

Neutrino matter potentials induced by Earth  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An instructive method of deriving the matter potentials felt by neutrinos propagating through matter on Earth is presented. This paper thoroughly guides the reader through the calculations involving the effective weak Hamiltonian for lepton and quark scattering. The matter potentials are well-known results since the late 70's, but a detailed and pedagogical calculation of these quantities is hard to find. We derive potentials due to charged and neutral current scattering on electrons, neutrons and protons. Intended readership is for undergraduates/graduates in the fields of relativistic quantum mechanics and quantum field theory. In addition to the derivation of the potentials for neutrinos, we explicitely study the origin of the reversed sign for potentials in the case of antineutrino-scattering.

J. Linder

2006-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

323

Electroweak fragmentation functions for dark matter annihilation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Electroweak corrections can play a crucial role in dark matter annihilation. The emission of gauge bosons, in particular, leads to a secondary flux consisting of all Standard Model particles, and may be described by electroweak fragmentation functions. To assess the quality of the fragmentation function approximation to electroweak radiation in dark matter annihilation, we have calculated the flux of secondary particles from gauge-boson emission in models with Majorana fermion and vector dark matter, respectively. For both models, we have compared cross sections and energy spectra of positrons and antiprotons after propagation through the galactic halo in the fragmentation function approximation and in the full calculation. Fragmentation functions fail to describe the particle fluxes in the case of Majorana fermion annihilation into light fermions: the helicity suppression of the lowest-order cross section in such models cannot be lifted by the leading logarithmic contributions included in the fragmentation f...

Cavasonza, Leila Ali; Pellen, Mathieu

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Towards a 'Thermodynamics' of Active Matter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Self-propulsion allows living systems to display unusual collective behavior. Unlike passive systems in thermal equilibrium, active matter systems are not constrained by conventional thermodynamic laws. A question arises however as to what extent, if any, can concepts from classical thermodynamics be applied to nonequilibrium systems like active matter. Here we use the new swim pressure perspective to develop a simple theory for predicting phase separation in active matter. Using purely mechanical arguments we generate a phase diagram with a spinodal and critical point, and define a nonequilibrium chemical potential to interpret the "binodal." We provide a generalization of thermodynamic concepts like the free energy and temperature for nonequilibrium active systems. Our theory agrees with existing simulation data both qualitatively and quantitatively and may provide a framework for understanding and predicting the behavior of nonequilibrium active systems.

Sho C. Takatori; John F. Brady

2014-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

325

Bi-metric Gravity and "Dark Matter"  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a bi-metric theory of gravity containing a length scale of galactic size. For distances less than this scale the theory satisfies the standard tests of General Relativity. For distances greater than this scale the theory yields an effective gravitational constant much larger than the locally observed value of Newton's constant. The transition from one regime to the other through the galactic scale can explain the observed rotation curves of galaxies and hence the effects normally attributed to the presence of dark matter. Phenomena on an extragalactic scale such as galactic clusters and the expansion of the universe are controlled by the enhanced gravitational coupling. This provides an explanation of the missing matter normally invoked to account for the observed value of Hubble's constant in relation to observed matter.

I. T. Drummond

2000-08-18T23:59:59.000Z

326

MODELING OBSERVATIONAL CONSTRAINTS FOR DARK MATTER HALOS  

SciTech Connect

Observations show that the underlying rotation curves at intermediate radii in spiral and low-surface-brightness galaxies are nearly universal. Further, in these same galaxies, the product of the central density and the core radius ({rho}{sub 0} r{sub 0}) is constant. An empirically motivated model for dark matter halos that incorporates these observational constraints is presented and shown to be in accord with the observations. A model fit to the observations of the galaxy cluster A611 shows that {rho}{sub 0} r{sub 0} for the dark matter halo in this more massive structure is larger by a factor of {approx}20 over that assumed for the galaxies. The model maintains the successful Navarro-Frenk-White form in the outer regions, although the well-defined differences in the inner regions suggest that modifications to the standard cold dark matter picture are required.

Hartwick, F. D. A. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Victoria, Victoria, BC V8W 3P6 (Canada)

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Facility Representative Program: Subject Matter Links  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Subject Matter Links Subject Matter Links Nuclear Office of Nuclear Safety and Environment Nuclear Regulatory Commission American Nuclear Society (ANS) Nuclear Energy Institute International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) Electrical OSHA Electrical Safety Information Underwriters Laboratories National Electrical Manufacturers Association Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE) IPC - Association Connecting Electronics Industries OSHA Laser Hazards Chemical DOE Chemical Safety Program DOE Chronic Beryllium Disease Prevention Program EPA Chemical Information Material Safety Data Sheets Search NIOSH Guide to Chemical Hazards American Petroleum Institute Alternative Fluorocarbons Environmental Acceptability Study American Institute of Chemical Engineers Chemical Reactivity Worksheet

328

Holographic cold nuclear matter and neutron star  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have previously found a new phase of cold nuclear matter based on a holographic gauge theory, where baryons are introduced as instanton gas in the probe D8/$\\overline{\\rm D8}$ branes. In our model, we could obtain the equation of state (EOS) of our nuclear matter by introducing fermi momentum. Then, here we apply this model to the neutron star and study its mass and radius by solving the Tolman-Oppenheimer-Volkoff (TOV) equations in terms of the EOS given here. We give some comments for our holographic model from a viewpoint of the other field theoretical approaches.

Kazuo Ghoroku; Kouki Kubo; Motoi Tachibana; Fumihiko Toyoda

2013-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

329

Asymmetric dark matter and the Sun  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cold dark matter particles with an intrinsic matter-antimatter asymmetry do not annihilate after gravitational capture by the Sun and can affect its interior structure. The rate of capture is exponentially enhanced when such particles have self-interactions of the right order to explain structure formation on galactic scales. A `dark baryon' of mass 5 GeV is a natural candidate and has the required relic abundance if its asymmetry is similar to that of ordinary baryons. We show that such particles can solve the `solar composition problem'. The predicted small decrease in the low energy neutrino fluxes may be measurable by the Borexino and SNO+ experiments.

Mads T. Frandsen; Subir Sarkar

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Scalar dark matter in spiral galaxies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An exact, axially symmetric solution to the Einstein-Klein-Gordon field equations is employed to model the dark matter in spiral galaxies. The extended rotation curves from a previous analysis are used to fit the model and a very good agreement is found. It is argued that, although our model possesses three parameters to be fitted, it is better than the non-relativistic alternatives in the sense that it is not of a phenomenological nature, since the dark matter would consist entirely of a scalar field.

F. S. Guzman; T. Matos; H. Villegas-Brena

1998-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

331

Newtonian Collapse of Scalar Field Dark Matter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this letter, we develop a Newtonian approach to the collapse of galaxy fluctuations of scalar field dark matter under initial conditions inferred from simple assumptions. The full relativistic system, the so called Einstein-Klein-Gordon, is reduced to the Schr\\"odinger-Newton one in the weak field limit. The scaling symmetries of the SN equations are exploited to track the non-linear collapse of single scalar matter fluctuations. The results can be applied to both real and complex scalar fields.

F. Siddhartha Guzman; L. Arturo Urena-Lopez

2003-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

332

Rethinking information privacy-security: does it really matter?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper reports some of the findings of a bigger study that examined the role of technological, individual, cultural, and informational traits in shaping the intention to buy and sell online. The focus of this paper is on information privacy-security ... Keywords: culture, information privacy, information security, online buying and selling, structural equation modeling

Waseem Afzal

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Online Monitoring to Enable Improved Diagnostics, Prognostics and Maintenance  

SciTech Connect

For both existing and new plant designs there are increasing opportunities and needs for the application of advanced online surveillance, diagnostic and prognostic techniques. These methods can continuously monitor and assess the health of nuclear power plant systems and components. The added effectiveness of such programs has the potential to enable holistic plant management, and minimize exposure to future and unknown risks. The 'NDE & On-line Monitoring' activities within the Advanced Instrumentation, Information and Control Systems (II&CS) Pathway are developing R&D to establish advanced condition monitoring and prognostics technologies to understand and predict future phenomena, derived from plant aging in systems, structures, and components (SSC). This research includes utilization of the enhanced functionality and system condition awareness that becomes available through the application of digital technologies at existing nuclear power plants for online monitoring and prognostics. The current state-of-the-art for on-line monitoring applied to active components (eg pumps, valves, motors) and passive structure (eg core internals, primary piping, pressure vessel, concrete, cables, buried pipes) is being reviewed. This includes looking at the current deployment of systems that monitor reactor noise, acoustic signals and vibration in various forms, leak monitoring, and now increasingly condition-based maintenance (CBM) for active components. The NDE and on-line monitoring projects are designed to look beyond locally monitored CBM. Current trends include centralized plant monitoring of SSC, potential fleet-based CBM and technology that will enable operation and maintenance to be performed with limited on-site staff. Attention is also moving to systems that use online monitoring to permit longer term operation (LTO), including a prognostic or predictive element that estimates a remaining useful life (RUL). Many, if not all, active components (pumps, valves, motors etc.) can be well managed, routinely diagnosed, analyzed and upgraded as needed using a combination of periodic and online CBM. The ability to successfully manage passive systems and structures is seen as the key to LTO, particularly in the USA. New approaches will be demonstrated, including prognostics for passive structures, which is critical to maintaining safety and availability and to reducing operations and maintenance costs for NPP's. To provide proactive on-line monitoring that includes estimates for RUL new projects will include advanced sensors, better understanding of stressors and challenges faced in quantification of uncertainty associated with RUL. This program area will leverage insights from past experience in other industries and seek to demonstrate the feasibility of on-line monitoring and prognostics to support NPP LTO.

Bond, Leonard J.

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

A review of online grooming: Characteristics and concerns  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The process of online grooming facilitates child abuse and is a threat to young people across the world. This literature review explores the research surrounding how young people are targeted by offenders on the internet. Definitions, prevalence, and characteristics of online grooming are addressed in addition to consideration of child sexual abuse theories and internet behaviors. There are a variety of techniques used by internet groomers to manipulate young people (e.g., flattery, bribes, and threats) and different ways that young people engage in risk taking behavior on the internet (e.g., communicating with strangers online and sharing personal information). While models and typologies can aid professionals in understanding the crime, it is important to acknowledge that internet offenders, victims, and the dynamics between the two are often unique and varied. This is fundamental to the development of effective preventative education for online grooming and abuse. The review concludes that research concerning the online grooming of young people is limited, and calls for further study in this field.

Helen Whittle; Catherine Hamilton-Giachritsis; Anthony Beech; Guy Collings

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

ALS Reveals New State of Matter  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ALS Reveals New State of Matter ALS Reveals New State of Matter ALS Reveals New State of Matter Print Wednesday, 13 October 2010 00:00 ALS user groups from Princeton and Stanford have been making waves this past year with several high-profile papers and extensive news coverage of their work on a new state of matter embodied by "topological insulators," materials that conduct electricity only on their surfaces. First identified at the ALS in 2007 by a Princeton team led by M. Zahid Hasan, topological insulators have been the subject of intense interest, based on unusual quantum properties that manifest themselves macroscopically. The discovery of a "second generation" of topological insulators that robustly retain these properties well above room temperature has spurred a rising tide of theoretical proposals for potential applications in nanoscale spintronic devices and fault-tolerant quantum computers. In addition, it's also been suggested that topological insulators may serve as a test bed for studies of never-before-seen particles predicted by high-energy physics.

336

Classified Matter Protection and Control Manual  

Directives, Delegations, and Requirements

This Manual supplements DOE O 471.2A, Information Security Program, and provides detailed requirements for the protection and control of classified matter. Cancels DOE M 471.2-1B except Chapter III paragraphs 1 and 2, and Chapter IV.

2001-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

337

RESEARCH HIGHLIGHTS Dark matter lost and found  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-component condensate.They considered the limited access inherent to samples confined in a diamond anvil cell the gas disks of two spiral galaxies merge. As spirals have dark-matter haloes, their elliptical offspring­Einstein condensate within a ring- shaped magnetic trap (Phys. Rev. Lett. (in the press); preprint at http

Loss, Daniel

338

Task and Machine Heterogeneities: Higher Moments Matter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Task and Machine Heterogeneities: Higher Moments Matter Abdulla M. Al-Qawasmeh 1 , Anthony A.potter}@colostate.edu jtsmith@digitalglobe.com Abstract - One type of heterogeneous computing (HC) systems consists of machines in this matrix represents the ETC of a specific task on a specific machine when executed exclusively. Heuristics

Maciejewski, Anthony A.

339

Elementary Excitations in a Solid Nuclear Matter  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......interaction, magnon has an energy gap of the order of 100 MeV...isomagnon is gapless. The energy is lowered by O(100 MeV...which further lowers the energy by O(100 MeV/nucleon...and Isospin Waves in a Solid Nuclear Matter Koichi Takahashi Progress......

Koichi Takahashi

1991-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

BIODIVERSITY Origin matters: alien consumers inflict  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

BIODIVERSITY RESEARCH Origin matters: alien consumers inflict greater damage on prey populations, University of Windsor, Windsor, ON N9B 3P4, Canada. E-mail: hughm@uwindsor.ca ABSTRACT Aim Introduced alien regard to whether such species are native or alien. This argument rests on the premise that native

Ricciardi, Anthony

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "matters online townhall" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Contracting Requirements and Why They Matter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Contracting Requirements and Why They Matter Presented by David E. Broome, Jr., General Counsel Amy's legally binding #12;Getting It Wrong · Case: Your unit contracts with Fun Corp (FC) to provide Student Fun Fair on campus. Contract requires that University indemnify FC for injuries/damage/liability arising

Howitt, Ivan

342

Alignment vs N framework for active matter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

/Coffee at 11:15 AM) Seminar Hall, TCIS trivial Commission for Atomic Energy and Alternative propelled particlesAlignment vs N framework for active matter and collective motion Commission for Atomic Energy and Alternative Energies (CEA), Franc The collective properties of self interacting solely via some kind

Shyamasundar, R.K.

343

Rho Meson in Dense Hadronic Matter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The spectral function of a rho meson that is at rest in dense hadronic matter and couples strongly to the pion is studied in the vector dominance model by including the effect of the delta-hole polarization on the pion. With the free rho-meson mass...

Asakawa, M.; Ko, Che Ming; Levai, P.; Qiu, X. J.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Constraints on Resonant Dark Matter Annihilation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

by PAMELA and FERMI satellites. In this thesis, we analyze a class of models which allow for dark matter to annihilate through an s-channel resonance. Our analysis takes into account constraints from thermal relic abundance and the recent measurements...

Backovic, Mihailo

2011-07-04T23:59:59.000Z

345

Radiation, Matter and Energy What is light?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Radiation, Matter and Energy #12;What is light? #12;Light is an electromagnetic wave #12;Light the visible spectrum, blue light has higher energy than red light Within the electromagnetic spectrum, X-rays have the highest energy, followed by UV, visible light, IR, and radio Remember: Light is just one form

Shirley, Yancy

346

Condensed Matter Theory Center Fall 2010 Symposium  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Condensed Matter Theory Center Fall 2010 Symposium November 2-4, 2010 2205 Physics Building bosons" Ryan Barnett, "Quantum dynamics in ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic condensates" Hoi Yin Hui" Qi Zhou, "Inter-band coupling induced novel condensates in a double-well lattice" November 3, 2010

Lathrop, Daniel P.

347

Condensed Matter Theory Center 2011 Fall Symposium  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Condensed Matter Theory Center 2011 Fall Symposium October 3 & 4, 2011 2205 Physics Building and Collective Modes in Fermionic Condensates with Bragg Scattering" Benjamin Fregoso "Degenerate FloquetEinstein condensates" Tuesday, October 4 Afternoon Session: 25:30pm ChienHung Lin "Stabilizing topological

Lathrop, Daniel P.

348

Condensed Matter Theory Center Ian Spielman  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Condensed Matter Theory Center Seminar Ian Spielman (JQI) Tuesday, November 9 11:00am-12:30pm 2205 Physics Building "A Bose-Einstein condensate subject to synthetic gauge fields" Here will first present our experimental work creating a synthetic magnetic field in a Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC

Lathrop, Daniel P.

349

Quantum Theory of Matter: Superfluids & Superconductors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. The electrical resistance of a metal decreases when it is cooled. For a superconductor, the resistance vanishes resistance flux expulsion flux quantisation Superfluids atomic Bose condensates liquid helium theory in condensed matter physics elementary excitations in strongly correlated systems 1 Quantum Theory

350

An Alternative to Particle Dark Matter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose an alternative to particle dark matter that borrows ingredients of MOdified Newtonian Dynamics (MOND) while adding new key components. The first new feature is a dark matter fluid, in the form of a scalar field with small equation of state and sound speed. This component is critical in reproducing the success of cold dark matter for the expansion history and the growth of linear perturbations, but does not cluster significantly on non-linear scales. Instead, the missing mass problem on non-linear scales is addressed by a modification of the gravitational force law. The force law approximates MOND at large and intermediate accelerations, and therefore reproduces the empirical success of MOND at fitting galactic rotation curves. At ultra-low accelerations, the force law reverts to an inverse-square-law, albeit with a larger Newton's constant. This latter regime is important in galaxy clusters and is consistent with their observed isothermal profiles, provided the characteristic acceleration scale of MOND is mildly varying with scale or mass, such that it is ~12 times higher in clusters than in galaxies. We present an explicit relativistic theory in terms of two scalar fields. The first scalar field is governed by a Dirac-Born-Infeld action and behaves as a dark matter fluid on large scales. The second scalar field also has single-derivative interactions and mediates a fifth force that modifies gravity on non-linear scales. Both scalars are coupled to matter via an effective metric that depends locally on the fields. The form of this effective metric implies the equality of the two scalar gravitational potentials, which ensures that lensing and dynamical mass estimates agree. Further work is needed in order to make both the acceleration scale of MOND and the fraction at which gravity reverts to an inverse-square law explicitly dynamical quantities, varying with scale or mass.

Justin Khoury

2014-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

351

On the capture of dark matter by neutron stars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We calculate the number of dark matter particles that a neutron star accumulates over its lifetime as it rotates around the center of a galaxy, when the dark matter particle is a self-interacting boson but does not self-annihilate. We take into account dark matter interactions with baryonic matter and the time evolution of the dark matter sphere as it collapses within the neutron star. We show that dark matter self-interactions play an important role in the rapid accumulation of dark matter in the core of the neutron star. We consider the possibility of determining an exclusion region of the parameter space for dark matter mass and dark matter interaction cross sections based on the observation of old neutron stars with strong dark matter self-interactions. We show that for a dark matter density of $~10^3$ GeV/cm$^3$ and dark matter mass $m_\\chi$ less than approximately 10 GeV, there is a potential exclusion region for dark matter interactions with nucleons that is three orders of magnitude more stringent than without self-interactions. The potential exclusion region for dark matter self-interaction cross sections is many orders of magnitude stronger than the current Bullet Cluster limit. For example, for high dark matter density regions, we find that for $m_\\chi\\sim 10$ GeV when the dark matter interaction cross section with the nucleons ranges from $\\sigma_{\\chi n}\\sim 10^{-52}$ cm$^2$ to $10^{-57}$ cm$^2$, the dark matter self-interaction cross section limit is $\\sigma_{\\chi\\chi}ten orders of magnitude stronger than the Bullet Cluster limit.

Tolga Guver; Arif Emre Erkoca; Mary Hall Reno; Ina Sarcevic

2014-04-09T23:59:59.000Z

352

EPA Launches New Online Mapping Tool for Environmental Impact Statements |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Launches New Online Mapping Tool for Environmental Impact Launches New Online Mapping Tool for Environmental Impact Statements EPA Launches New Online Mapping Tool for Environmental Impact Statements September 10, 2013 - 6:11pm Addthis Streets Imagery Topography Go To: Select a State/Territory Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware District of Columbia Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming American Samoa Federated States of Micronesia Guam

353

FACTSHEET: Energy Department Launches Open-Source Online Training Resource  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Launches Open-Source Online Training Launches Open-Source Online Training Resource to Help Students, Workers Gain Valuable Skills FACTSHEET: Energy Department Launches Open-Source Online Training Resource to Help Students, Workers Gain Valuable Skills June 21, 2012 - 7:47am Addthis The Energy Department and SRI International today officially launched the National Training and Education Resource (NTER), an open-source platform for job training, workforce development and certification. NTER was envisioned by the Department and developed by SRI. WASHINGTON -- As part of the Obama Administration's commitment to invest in skills for American workers, the Energy Department officially launched today its National Training and Education Resource (NTER), an open-source platform that brings together information technologies to support

354

Online Toolkit Fosters Bioenergy Innovation | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Toolkit Fosters Bioenergy Innovation Toolkit Fosters Bioenergy Innovation Online Toolkit Fosters Bioenergy Innovation January 21, 2011 - 2:27pm Addthis Learn more about the Bioenergy Knowledge Discovery Framework, an online data sharing and mapping toolkit. Paul Bryan Biomass Program Manager, Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy What will the project do? The $241 million loan guarantee for Diamond Green Diesel, funding which will support the construction of a facility that will nearly triple the amount of renewable diesel produced domestically. The online data sharing and mapping toolkit provides the extensive data, analysis, and visualization tools to monitor the bioenergy industry. Yesterday, Secretary Chu announced a $241 million loan guarantee for Diamond Green Diesel, funding which will support the construction of a

355

Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve - Online Bidding System | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Services » Petroleum Reserves » Heating Oil Reserve » Northeast Services » Petroleum Reserves » Heating Oil Reserve » Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve - Online Bidding System Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve - Online Bidding System The U.S. Department of Energy has developed an on-line bidding system - an anonymous auction program - for the sale of product from the one million barrel Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve. We invite prospective bidders and other interested parties to try out this system and give us your views. You must register to use the system to practice or to participate in an actual emergency sale. Registration assures that you will receive e-mail alerts of sales or other pertinent news. You will also have the opportunity to establish a user ID and password to submit bids. If you establish a user ID, you will receive a temporary password by

356

The power of social media software to make online education as good as face to face education.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Online education is a rapidly growing area in our college education system. However, the current online education system faces a lot of difficulties, which is… (more)

Sun, Chi Chang

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Master's Thesis Growth in Online Social Networks: Sheer Volume vs Social  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Growth in Online Social Networks: Sheer Volume vs Social Interaction. . Department of Electrical Master's Thesis Growth in Online Social Networks: Sheer Volume vs Social Interaction ( Chun, Hyunwoo) Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science Division of Computer Science

Moon, Sue B.

358

IEA-GIA ExCo - National Geothermal Data System and Online Tools...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

IEA-GIA ExCo - National Geothermal Data System and Online Tools IEA-GIA ExCo - National Geothermal Data System and Online Tools National Geothermal Data System presentation by Jay...

359

Platform competition in the online video industry : a comparison between the United States and Chinese markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Along with the popularity of broadband, online websites are transforming to complex multiple-side platforms (MSPs), bearing many kinds of products and services. The MSP format enables online websites not merely works as ...

Liu, Xin, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

An Overview of NREL's Online Data Tool for Fuel Cell System-Derived...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

An Overview of NREL's Online Data Tool for Fuel Cell System-Derived Contaminants An Overview of NREL's Online Data Tool for Fuel Cell System-Derived Contaminants Download...

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While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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361

Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: On-Line Weld NDE...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

On-Line Weld NDE with IR Thermography Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: On-Line Weld NDE with IR Thermography Presentation given by Oak Ridge National Laboratory at...

362

Evaluation of User Intervention Mechanisms for Privacy on SME Online Trust  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper describes empirical results that quantitatively show that user intervention tools for privacy significantly contribute towards online trust. We extend a seminal, validated measurement scale for online trust by adding measurement items for ...

Dawn N. Jutla; E. Kevin Kelloway; Said Saifi

2004-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

E-Print Network 3.0 - affecting on-line medical Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2010, 9:8 http:www.biomedical-engineering-online.comcontent9... a standard sphygmomanometer. Ong et al. BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2010, 9:8 http Source: Miga, Michael I....

364

Bulk viscosity in nuclear and quark matter: A short review  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The history and recent progresses in the study of bulk viscosity in nuclear and quark matter are reviewed. The constraints from baryon number conservation and electric neutrality in quark matter on particle densities and fluid velocity divergences are discussed.

Hui Dong; Nan Su; Qun Wang

2007-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

365

`The Heart and Soul of the Matter:' Contexts of Risk  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

`The Heart and Soul of the Matter:' Contexts of Risk and Prevention David Henry Institute #12;"Context is not just something, it is the heart and soul of the matter" (Kelly, 1998) 1. How do

Illinois at Chicago, University of

366

Cryogenic Particle Detectors in Search for Dark Matter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cryogenic Particle Detectors in Search for Dark Matter Panofsky Prize presentation American;Panofsky Prize Talk - Cryogenic Dark Matter Detectors Page Blas Cabrera - Stanford University Original Motivation for broad international program on cryogenic particle detectors was neutrino physics and dark

California at Berkeley, University of

367

Evolution of the Dark Matter Distribution at the Galactic Center  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Annihilation radiation from neutralino dark matter at the Galactic center (GC) would be greatly enhanced if the dark matter were strongly clustered around the supermassive black hole (SBH). The existence of a dark matter “spike” is made plausible by the observed, steeply rising stellar density near the GC SBH. Here the time-dependent equations describing gravitational interaction of the dark matter with the stars are solved. Scattering of dark matter particles by stars would substantially lower the dark matter density near the GC SBH over 10 Gyr, due both to kinetic heating and to capture of dark matter particles by the SBH. This evolution implies a decrease by several orders of magnitude in the observable flux of annihilation products compared with models that associate a steep, dark matter spike with the SBH.

David Merritt

2004-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

368

Video: Honoring Science that Matters with the Enrico Fermi Award...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

Honoring Science that Matters with the Enrico Fermi Award Video: Honoring Science that Matters with the Enrico Fermi Award February 11, 2014 - 9:50am Addthis The Fermi Award is a...

369

White matter integrity, substance use, and risk taking in adolescence  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

F. M. , Celano, M. J. , White, S. L. , Wallace, G. L. , Lee,inhibition is associated with white matter microstructure inTapert, S.F. (2009). White matter integrity in adolescents

Jacobus, Joanna

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Pseudo-Goldstone modes in isospin-asymmetric nuclear matter  

SciTech Connect

The authors analyze the chiral limit in dense isospin-asymmetric nuclear matter. It is shown that the pseudo-Goldstone modes in this system are qualitatively different from the case of isospin-symmetric matter.

Cohen, T.D. [Univ. of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States); Broniowski, W. [H. Niewodniczanski Institute of Nuclear Physics, Cracow (Poland)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

TBA-0047 - In the Matter of Battelle Energy Alliance | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

47 - In the Matter of Battelle Energy Alliance TBA-0047 - In the Matter of Battelle Energy Alliance Dennis D. Patterson filed a complaint of retaliation under the Department of...

372

TEE-0077 - In the Matter of GE Appliances & Lighting | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

tee0077.pdf More Documents & Publications EXC-12-0010 - In the Matter of DLU Lighting USA EXC-14-0001 - In the Matter of Felix Storch Inc. OHA Product Efficiency Cases Archive...

373

TSO-01113 - In the Matter of Personnel Security Hearing | Department...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

TSO-01113 - In the Matter of Personnel Security Hearing TSO-01113 - In the Matter of Personnel Security Hearing The individual currently is employed by a DOE contractor, and that...

374

Matter wave optical techniques for probing many-body targets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis reports on our investigation of the uses of matter waves to probe many-body targets. We begin by discussing decoherence in an atom interferometer, in which a free gas acts as a refractive medium for a matter ...

Sanders, Scott Nicholas

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Online Web Store | ENERGY STAR Buildings & Plants  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Online Web Store Online Web Store Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us Portfolio Manager Login Facility owners and managers Existing buildings Commercial new construction Industrial energy management Small business Service providers Service and product providers Verify applications for ENERGY STAR certification Design commercial buildings Energy efficiency program administrators Commercial and industrial program sponsors Associations State and local governments Federal agencies Tools and resources Training In This Section Campaigns Commercial building design Communications resources Energy management guidance Financial resources Portfolio Manager Products and purchasing Recognition Research and reports Service and product provider (SPP) resources Success stories Target Finder Technical documentation

376

An integrative model of consumers' intentions to purchase travel online  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Grounded in the Theory of Reasoned Action, the Theory of Planned Behaviour, the Technology Acceptance Model and on the Innovation Diffusions Theory, this study proposes and empirically tests an integrated model to explore which factors affect intentions to purchase travel online. Partial Least Squares Structural Equation Modelling was conducted to assess the hypotheses. The empirical results, obtained in a sample of 1732 Internet users, indicate that intentions to purchase travel online are mostly determined by attitude, compatibility and perceived risk. The theoretical contributions of this study and the practical implications are discussed and future research directions are detailed.

Suzanne Amaro; Paulo Duarte

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Online Latent Dirichlet Allocation with Infinite Vocabulary Ke Zhai and Jordan Boyd-Graber  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Allocation with Infinite Vocabulary Ke Zhai and Jordan Boyd-Graber University of Maryland 1. Online LDA: What

Boyd-Graber, Jordan

378

Chemical wastes and the law of conservation of matter  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This note discusses the conservation of matter as a starting point for understanding the problems of chemical waste.

John W. Hill

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Anatomy of symmetry energy of dilute nuclear matter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The symmetry energy coefficients of dilute clusterized nuclear matter are evaluated in the $S$-matrix framework. Employing a few different definitions commonly used in the literature for uniform nuclear matter, it is seen that the different definitions lead to perceptibly different results for the symmetry coefficients for dilute nuclear matter. They are found to be higher compared to those obtained for uniform matter in the low density domain. The calculated results are in reasonable consonance with those extracted recently from experimental data.

J. N. De; S. K. Samaddar; B. K. Agrawal

2010-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

380

Flow and the equation of state of nuclear matter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The status of flow in heavy-ion collisions and of inference of hadronic-matter properties is reviewed.

P. Danielewicz

2000-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "matters online townhall" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Cold quark matter, quadratic corrections, and gauge/string duality  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We make an estimate of the quadratic correction in the pressure of cold quark matter using gauge/string duality.

Oleg Andreev

2010-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

382

Traffic Management and Network Control Using Collaborative On-line Simulation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

parameters. The protocol parameters are then tuned by the online simulation system. In this paper, we of their parameters. The goal then is to have the online simulation system use sophisticated parameter search methods, the simulation system can support continuous tuning of the network based upon the online modeling, parameter

Kalyanaraman, Shivkumar

383

Success in Online Production Systems: A Longitudinal Analysis of the Socio-  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Success in Online Production Systems: A Longitudinal Analysis of the Socio- Technical Duality Mellon University 2 IBM Research ABSTRACT Online production systems represent a new and innovative of those dimensions impact the suc- cess of online production systems. We collected data from the open

384

Biometric classifier update using online learning: A case study in near infrared face verification  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Biometric classifier update using online learning: A case study in near infrared face verification 2010 Accepted 26 January 2010 Keywords: Biometrics Online learning Support vector machine Near infrared of the proposed online learning strategy is validated in a near infrared face verification application involving

Ross, Arun Abraham

385

Evidence for on-line visual guidance during saccadic gaze shifts  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...indicates that on-line modifications...suggested that a fast route from the retina...indicates that on-line modifications...suggested that a fast route from the retina...Compared to the long transmission delays from the...a similar fast route may exist in humans...possibility that on-line visual guidance...

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

DARK MATTER Tracing the "Cosmic Web" with Diffuse Gas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 DARK MATTER STARS GAS NEUTRAL HYDROGEN Tracing the "Cosmic Web" with Diffuse Gas Quasar Quasar Absorption Lines Keck/HIRES Quasar Spectrum Observer baryons dark matter potential isotropic UV only on and the radiation field intensity... H I #12;5 GOAL: the primordial dark matter power spectrum

Steidel, Chuck

387

The Heart of the Matter The Humanities and Social Sciences  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Heart of the Matter The Humanities and Social Sciences for a vibrant, competitive, and secure of the humanities and social sciences for a vibrant democracy. The Heart of the Matter, a report of the Commis- sion secure nation, the humanities and social sciences are the heart of the matter, the keeper of the republic

Rohs, Remo

388

Effective Two-Nucleon Interaction in Asymmetric Nuclear Matter  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Two-Nucleon Interaction in Asymmetric Nuclear Matter Shigeru Nishizaki Tatsuyuki...central force type in asymmetric nuclear matter is constructed. It...alpha-dependence of the potential energy is also discussed. Citing...Properties of Hot Asymmetric Nuclear Matter Shigeru Nishizaki......

Shigeru Nishizaki; Tatsuyuki Takatsuka; Naohiro Yahagi; Jun Hiura

1991-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

White Matter Glucose Metabolism during Intracortical Electrostimulation: A Quantitative [18  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

White Matter Glucose Metabolism during Intracortical Electrostimulation: A Quantitative [18 F compared to 27.87 mol/min/100 g at baseline. LCMR- glu in gray and white matter control areas was stable in white matter, correlations between neural activity and LC- MRglu have never been explicitly addressed

390

Condensed Matter Physics and the Nature of Spacetime  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CHAPTER 16 Condensed Matter Physics and the Nature of Spacetime Jonathan Bain* Abstract This essay of a quantum liquid. It evaluates three examples of spacetime analogues in condensed matter systems that have literature not much attention has been given to concepts of spacetime arising from condensed matter physics

Aronov, Boris

391

Los Alamos Lab: MPA: Material Matters  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Matter Matter October 2013 In this issue: Millie Firestone: Merging soft and hard nanomaterials to create energy solutions From Toni's Desk NNSA minority education project brings students to Los Alamos for fuel cell studies Los Alamos fuel cell research lands on ScienceWatch top 10 list Gaining creative control over semiconductor nanowires Strongly enhanced flux pinning in one-step deposition of BaFe2(As0.66P0.33)2 superconductor films with uniformly dispersed BaZrO3 nanoparticles Ultrafast optical spectroscopy sheds light on electronic structure of antiferromagnetic USB2 MPA students gain valuable experience; earn recognition for distinguished performance Heads Up! Service anniversaries LA-UR-13-28281 August 2013 In this issue: Supporting scientific diversity: MPA office administrators describe the juggling act behind the science

392

The Package Matters | Advanced Photon Source  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Disarming Deadly South American Hemorrhagic Fever Viruses Disarming Deadly South American Hemorrhagic Fever Viruses Pull-Chain "Polymer" Solves Puzzle of Complex Molecular Packing Discovering New Talents for Diamond Science Highlights Archives: 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010 2009 | 2008 | 2007 | 2006 2005 | 2004 | 2003 | 2002 2001 | 2000 | 1998 | Subscribe to APS Science Highlights rss feed The Package Matters MARCH 23, 2010 Bookmark and Share Packing ammonia borane into mesoporous silica leads to a remarkable enhancement of the hydrogen storage properties. This image shows the molecular configuration of the packed ammonia borane (while spheres are hydrogen). When it comes to squeezing hydrogen out of ammonia borane the packaging matters, according to scientists from three U.S. Department of Energy national labs. Ammonia borane releases hydrogen with heating by a

393

Dark energy and dark matter with SNAP  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The discovery that the expansion of the Universe is accelerating opens up new frontiers for our understanding of cosmology and particle physics. The nature of the dark energy responsible is intimately tied to the high energy theory and gravitation. Measuring the properties of the accelerating universe and studying both the dark energy and the dark matter of the Universe using supernovae and weak gravitational lensing is the primary aim of the Supernova/Acceleration Probe (SNAP). SNAP can discover and follow thousands of Type Ia supernovae at redshifts z = 0.3 ? 1.7. The resulting magnitude-redshift relation can determine the cosmological and dark energy parameters with high precision: the dark energy equation of state w to 0.05 and its time variation w? = dwdz to ±0.15. Wide area weak gravitational lensing studies will map the distribution of dark matter in the universe.

Eric V. Linder

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Can Cosmic Structure form without Dark Matter?  

SciTech Connect

One of the prime pieces of evidence for dark matter is the observation of large overdense regions in the universe. Since we know from the cosmic microwave background that the regions that contained the most baryons when the universe was {approx} 400, 000 years old were overdense by only one part in ten thousand, perturbations had to have grown since then by a factor greater than (1 + z{sub *}) {approx_equal} 1180 where z{sub *} is the epoch of recombination. This enhanced growth does not happen in general relativity, so dark matter is needed in the standard theory. We show here that enhanced growth can occur in alternatives to general relativity, in particular in Bekenstein's relativistic version of Modified Newtonian Dynamics (MOND). The vector field introduced in that theory for a completely different reason plays a key role in generating the instability that produces large cosmic structures today.

Dodelson, Scott; /Fermilab /Chicago U., Astron. Astrophys. Ctr.; Liguori, Michele; /Fermilab /Padua U. /INFN, Padua

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Can Cosmic Structure form without Dark Matter?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

One of the prime pieces of evidence for dark matter is the observation of large overdense regions in the universe. Since we know from the cosmic microwave background that the regions that contained the most baryons when the universe was ~400,000 years old were overdense by only one part in ten thousand, perturbations had to have grown since then by a factor greater than $(1+z_*)\\simeq 1180$ where $z_*$ is the epoch of recombination. This enhanced growth does not happen in general relativity, so dark matter is needed in the standard theory. We show here that enhanced growth can occur in alternatives to general relativity, in particular in Bekenstein's relativistic version of MOdified Newtonian Dynamics (MOND). The vector field introduced in that theory for a completely different reason plays a key role in generating the instability that produces large cosmic structures today.

Scott Dodelson; Michele Liguori

2006-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

396

Directional detection of dark matter streams  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Directional detection of weakly interacting massive particles, in which the energies and directions of the recoiling nuclei are measured, currently presents the only prospect for probing the local velocity distribution of Galactic dark matter. We investigate the extent to which future directional detectors would be capable of probing dark matter substructure in the form of streams. We analyze the signal expected from a Sagittarius-like stream and also explore the full parameter space of stream speed, direction, dispersion and density. Using a combination of nonparametric directional statistics, a profile likelihood ratio test and Bayesian parameter inference we find that within acceptable exposure times [O(10)??kg?yr for cross sections just below the current exclusion limits] future directional detectors will be sensitive to a wide range of stream velocities and densities. We also examine and discuss the importance of the energy window of the detector.

Ciaran A.?J. O’Hare and Anne M. Green

2014-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

397

Symmetry energy coefficients for asymmetric nuclear matter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Symmetry energy coefficients of asymmetric nuclear matter are investigated as the inverse of nuclear matter polarizabilities with two different approaches. Firstly a general calculation shows they may depend on the neutron-proton asymmetry itself. The choice of particular prescriptions for the density fluctuations lead to certain isospin (n-p asymmetry) dependences of the polarizabilities. Secondly, with Skyrme type interactions, the static limit of the dynamical polarizability is investigated corresponding to the inverse symmetry energy coefficient which assumes different values at different asymmetries (and densities and temperatures). The symmetry energy coefficient (in the isovector channel) is found to increase as n-p asymmetries increase. The spin symmetry energy coefficient is also briefly investigated.

Fábio L. Braghin

2003-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

398

Symmetry Energy I: Semi-Infinite Matter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nuclear energy is considered in the macroscopic limit for a nucleus. Considered, further, is the Hohenberg-Kohn functional for a nuclear system, in terms of proton and neutron densities. Finally, Skyrme-Hartree-Fock calculations are carried out for half-infinite particle-stable nuclear matter. In each case, the attention is focused on the role of neutron-proton asymmetry and on the symmetry energy. We extend the considerations on the symmetry term from an energy formula to the respective term in the Hohenberg-Kohn functional. We show, in particular, that in continuum limit of the considered functional, and subject to possible Coulomb corrections, it is possible to construct isoscalar and isovector densities out of the proton and neutron densities, that retain a universal relation to each other, approximately independent of asymmetry. In the so-called local approximation, the isovector density is inversely proportional to the symmetry energy in uniform matter at the local isoscalar density. Generalized symmetr...

Danielewicz, Pawel

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Big Bang Synthesis of Nuclear Dark Matter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate the physics of dark matter models featuring composite bound states carrying a large conserved dark "nucleon" number. The properties of sufficiently large dark nuclei may obey simple scaling laws, and we find that this scaling can determine the number distribution of nuclei resulting from Big Bang Dark Nucleosynthesis. For plausible models of asymmetric dark matter, dark nuclei of large nucleon number, e.g. > 10^8, may be synthesised, with the number distribution taking one of two characteristic forms. If small-nucleon-number fusions are sufficiently fast, the distribution of dark nuclei takes on a logarithmically-peaked, universal form, independent of many details of the initial conditions and small-number interactions. In the case of a substantial bottleneck to nucleosynthesis for small dark nuclei, we find the surprising result that even larger nuclei, with size >> 10^8, are often finally synthesised, again with a simple number distribution. We briefly discuss the constraints arising from the...

Hardy, Edward; March-Russell, John; West, Stephen M

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Axion dark matter detection with cold molecules  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Current techniques cannot detect axion dark matter over much of its parameter space, particularly in the theoretically well-motivated region where the axion decay constant fa lies near the grand unified theory (GUT) and Planck scales. We suggest a novel experimental method to search for QCD axion dark matter in this region. The axion field oscillates at a frequency equal to its mass when it is a component of dark matter. These oscillations induce time varying CP-odd nuclear moments, such as electric dipole and Schiff moments. The coupling between internal atomic fields and these nuclear moments gives rise to time varying shifts to atomic energy levels. These effects can be enhanced by using elements with large Schiff moments such as the light Actinides, and states with large spontaneous parity violation, such as molecules in a background electric field. The energy level shift in such a molecule can be ?10-24??eV or larger. While challenging, this energy shift may be observable in a molecular clock configuration with technology presently under development. The detectability of this energy shift is enhanced by the fact that it is a time varying shift whose oscillation frequency is set by fundamental physics, and is therefore independent of the details of the experiment. This signal is most easily observed in the sub-MHz range, allowing detection when fa is ?1016??GeV, and possibly as low as 1015??GeV. A discovery in such an experiment would not only reveal the nature of dark matter and confirm the axion as the solution to the strong CP problem, it would also provide a glimpse of physics at the highest energy scales, far beyond what can be directly probed in the laboratory.

Peter W. Graham and Surjeet Rajendran

2011-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "matters online townhall" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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401

Energy Matters, September/October 1999  

SciTech Connect

Energy Matters is a quarterly newsletter to update partners on Motor Challenge progress. This issue includes these topics: small town plastics manufacturer produces big local energy and cost savings; technical advances improve industrial energy efficiency; energy service companies: cost-savings partners for industry; choosing the right energy service company to prove the value of motor upgrades projects; energy assets: tapping the hidden value; steam workshops promote energy efficiency; performance optimization tips.

NONE

1999-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

402

Shear viscosity of the quark matter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We discuss shear viscosity of the quark matter by using Kubo formula. The shear viscosity is calculated in the framework of the quasi-particle RPA for the Nambu-Jona-Lasinio model. We obtain a formula that the shear viscosity is expressed by the quadratic form of the quark spectral function in the chiral symmetric phase. The magnitude of the shear viscosity is discussed assuming the Breit-Wigner type for the spectral function.

Masaharu Iwasaki; Hiromasa Ohnishi; Takahiko Fukutome

2007-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

403

Magnetized baryonic matter in holographic QCD  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate the properties of the Sakai-Sugimoto model at finite magnetic field and baryon chemical potentials. We show that in a finite magnetic field, there exists a spatially homogeneous configuration carrying finite baryon number density. At low magnetic field and baryon chemical potential the equation of state of the matter coincides with that obtained from the chiral perturbation theory Lagrangian with an anomalous term. We discuss the behavior of the system at larger magnetic fields.

Ethan G. Thompson; Dam T. Son

2008-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

404

The Surface Tension of Magnetized Quark Matter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The surface tension of quark matter plays a crucial role for the possibility of quark matter nucleation during the formation of compact stellar objects and also for the existence of a mixed phase within hybrid stars. However, despite its importance, this quantity does not have a well established numerical value. Some early estimates have predicted that, at zero temperature, the value falls within the wide range $\\gamma_0\\approx10-300{\\rm\\ MeV/fm^2}$ but, very recently, different model applications have reduced these numerical values to fall within the range $\\gamma_0\\approx5-30{\\rm\\ MeV/fm^2}$ which would favor the phase conversion process as well as the appearance of a mixed phase in hybrid stars. In magnetars one should also account for the presence of very high magnetic fields which may reach up to about $ eB\\approx 3-30\\, m_\\pi^2$ ($B \\approx 10^{19}-10^{20} \\,G$) at the core of the star so that it may also be important to analyze how the presence of a magnetic field affects the surface tension. With this aim we consider magnetized two flavor quark matter, described by the Nambu--Jona-Lasinio model. We show that although the surface tension oscillates around its B=0 value, when $0 surface tension value drops by about 30% while for $eB \\gtrsim 10\\, m_\\pi^2$ it quickly raises with the field intensity so that the phase conversion and the presence of a mixed phase should be suppressed if extremely high fields are present. We also investigate how thermal effects influence the surface tension for magnetized quark matter.

A. F. Garcia; M. B. Pinto

2013-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

405

Hyperonic nuclear matter in Brueckner theory  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We determine in an extended Brueckner-Hartree-Fock formalism self-consistent single-particle potentials of nucleons, lambda, and sigma hyperons for a system consisting of symmetric nuclear matter and lambda hyperons of uniform densities ?N and ??, respectively. The binding energy per baryon of this system is discussed and its maximum strangeness content preserving binding is evaluated. The results are used to introduce a hyperonic symmetry energy term in a generalized mass formula for multistrange hypernuclei.

H.-J. Schulze; M. Baldo; U. Lombardo; J. Cugnon; A. Lejeune

1998-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Earth Matter Effect on Democratic Neutrinos  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The neutrino propagation through the Earth is investigated in the framework of the democratic neutrino theory. In this theory the neutrino mixing angle theta-1-3 is approximately determined, which allows one to make a well defined neutrino oscillogram driven by the 1-3 mixing in the matter of the Earth. Significant differences in this oscillogram from the case of models with relatively small theta-1-3 are discussed.

Dmitry Zhuridov

2014-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

407

Coherent neutrino scattering in dark matter detectors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Coherent elastic neutrino-nucleus and weakly interacting massive particle-nucleus interaction signatures are expected to be quite similar. This paper discusses how a next-generation ton-scale dark matter detector could discover neutrino-nucleus coherent scattering, a precisely-predicted standard model process. A high-intensity pion- and muon- decay-at-rest neutrino source recently proposed for oscillation physics at underground laboratories would provide the neutrinos for these measurements. In this paper, we calculate raw rates for various target materials commonly used in dark matter detectors and show that discovery of this interaction is possible with a 2??ton·year GEODM exposure in an optimistic energy threshold and efficiency scenario. We also study the effects of the neutrino source on weakly interacting massive particle sensitivity and discuss the modulated neutrino signal as a sensitivity/consistency check between different dark matter experiments at the Deep Underground Science and Engineering Laboratory. Furthermore, we consider the possibility of coherent neutrino physics with a GEODM module placed within tens of meters of the neutrino source.

A. J. Anderson; J. M. Conrad; E. Figueroa-Feliciano; K. Scholberg; J. Spitz

2011-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

408

Tensor Detection Severely Constrains Axion Dark Matter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The recent detection of tensor modes by BICEP2 has non-trivial implications for axion dark matter implied by combining the tensor detection with isocurvature constraints from Planck. In this paper the measurement is taken as fact, and its implications considered, though further experimental verification is required. In the simplest inflation models $r=0.2$ implies $H_I=1.1\\times 10^{14}\\text{ GeV}$. If the axion decay constant $f_a>H_I$ then isocurvature constraints effectively rule out the QCD axion as dark matter for $m_a \\lesssim 0.06\\mu$ eV, contributing only a fraction $\\Omega_a/\\Omega_d\\lesssim 10^{-11}(f_a/10^{16}\\text{ GeV})^{5/6}$ (where $\\Omega_i$ is the fraction of the critical density), with misalignment angle $\\theta_i\\lesssim 3.1 \\times 10^{-8}(f_a/10^{16}\\text{ GeV})^{-1/6}$ . Implications of this fine tuning are discussed. Constraints on axion-like particles, as a function of their mass and dark matter fraction are also considered. For heavy axions with $m_a\\gtrsim 10^{-22}\\text{ eV}$ we find ...

Marsh, David J E; Hlozek, Renee; Ferreira, Pedro G

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Phase separation and coarsening in active matter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Active systems, or active matter, are self-driven systems which live, or function, far from equilibrium - a paradigmatic example which we focus on here is provided by a suspension of self-motile particles. Active systems are far from equilibrium because their microscopic constituents constantly consume energy from the environment in order to do work, for instance to propel themselves. The nonequilibrium nature of active matter leads to a variety of non-trivial intriguing phenomena. An important one which has recently been the subject of intense interest among biological and soft matter physicists is that of the so-called "motility-induced phase separation", whereby self-propelled particles accumulate into clusters in the absence of any explicit attractive interactions between them. Here we review the physics of motility-induced phase separation, and discuss this phenomenon within the framework of the classic physics of phase separation and coarsening. We also discuss cases where the coarsening may be arrested, either in theories for bacterial colonies or in experiments. Most of this work will focus on the case of run-and-tumble and active Brownian particles in the absence of solvent-mediated hydrodynamic interactions - we will briefly discuss at the end their role, which is not currently fully understood in this context.

Giuseppe Gonnella; Davide Marenduzzo; Antonio Suma; Adriano Tiribocchi

2015-02-08T23:59:59.000Z

410

Probing nuclear matter with jet conversions  

SciTech Connect

We discuss the flavor of leading jet partons as a valuable probe of nuclear matter. We point out that the coupling of jets to nuclear matter naturally leads to an alteration of jet chemistry even at high transverse momentum p{sub T}. In particular, quantum chromodynamics (QCD) jets coupling to a chemically equilibrated quark gluon plasma in nuclear collisions will lead to hadron ratios at high transverse momentum p{sub T} that can differ significantly from their counterparts in p+p collisions. Flavor measurements could complement energy loss as a way to study interactions of hard QCD jets with nuclear matter. Roughly speaking they probe the inverse mean free path 1/{lambda} while energy loss probes the average squared momentum transfer {mu}{sup 2}/{lambda}. We present some estimates for the rate of jet conversions in a consistent Fokker-Planck framework and their impact on future high-p{sub T} identified hadron measurements at RHIC and LHC. We also suggest some novel observables to test flavor effects.

Liu, W. [Cyclotron Institute and Department of Physics, Texas A and M University, College Station, Texas 77843 (United States); Fries, R. J. [Cyclotron Institute and Department of Physics, Texas A and M University, College Station, Texas 77843 (United States); RIKEN/BNL Research Center, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973 (United States)

2008-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

411

New Online Tool Expands Analysis of Biofuels’ Water Impact  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Last week, Argonne National Laboratory released a new version of the Water Assessment for Transportation Energy Resources (WATER) online tool. As with the previous two versions, WATER 3.0 quantifies the water footprint of various biofuel pathways, providing details of the water consumption required for the production of biofuels.

412

Online Money Management Tools for Students Borrow strategically  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Online Money Management Tools for Students Borrow strategically Direct Loan program: studentloans.com/CreditEducation/WhatsInYourScore.aspx What you need to know about your credit: ftc.gov/gettingcredit Manage your personal finances Money management: onestop.umn.edu/finances/manage_money Planning your financial life: mymoney.gov Identity Theft

Weinberger, Hans

413

Online Transmission Line Loadability Assessment Using Synchrophasor Measurements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Online Transmission Line Loadability Assessment Using Synchrophasor Measurements Jiangmeng Zhang}@illinois.edu Abstract--This paper proposes a measurement-based method to assess transmission line loadability a stable operation. Transmission line loading limits are also essential to deter- mine locational marginal

Liberzon, Daniel

414

Academic Personnel/PPS Online Update Policy and Procedures Manual  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Academic Personnel/PPS Online Update Policy and Procedures Manual Produced by University of California, San Diego Academic Compensation Office VERSION: May 21, 2001 #12;7/27/01 APO PROCEDURES Academic Compensation Office Changes are periodically made to this document. Policy and/or procedure

Gleeson, Joseph G.

415

Optimizing Throughput and Energy in Online Deadline Scheduling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of all jobs. An optimal schedule is expected to maximize the throughput, and furthermore, its energy a scheduling algorithm, one has to face the dilemma of selecting more jobs and being conservative in energy jobs; O(1)-competitive online algorithms with respect to energy usage have been known [Yao et al. 1995

Wong, Prudence W.H.

416

ONLINE TRAIN SHUNTING VIANNEY BOEUF AND FREDERIC MEUNIER  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ONLINE TRAIN SHUNTING VIANNEY BOEUF AND FR´ED´ERIC MEUNIER Abstract. At the occasion of ATMOS 2012, Tim Nonner and Alexander Souza defined a new train shunting problem that can roughly be described as follows. We are given a train visiting stations in a given order and cars located at some source stations

Boyer, Edmond

417

An Approach to Online Optimization of Heuristic Coordination Algorithms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

performance data from a simulator to train a stochastic neural network that concisely models the complex- teristics of the environment vary dramatically from scenario to scenario, it is desirable to have automated network is used as the core of a tool that allows rapid online or offline configuration of coordination

Lewis, Michael

418

Open Large-Scale Online Social Network Dyn  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

humans interface with these systems. This dissertation examines an event driven sampling approach to acquire both dynamics link event data and blog content from the site known as LiveJournal. LiveJournal is one of the oldest online social networking sites...

Corlette, Daniel James

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

419

On-Line Renewals Spring 2015 Co-op Timeline  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

On-Line Renewals Spring 2015 Co-op Timeline All students applying for Co-ops &/or Internships must for Spring 2015 Co-op ( Renewals are for Co-ops only). Also Work Term Evaluations will be accepted. November 10, 2014 Earliest date for submitting Coop Renewals to start working (on January 12th ) December 1

Heller, Barbara

420

OPTIONS FOR ONLINE GRADE SUBMISSION Web-Based Grade  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Spring 2014 Phone Support IT Express Computing Services Help Desk (530) 754-HELP (4357) http enter your grades. The Gradebook2 tool allows you to track student assign- ments throughout the quarter completed online grade submission for that particular course. 1 2 3 4 #12;NEED HELP? Fall 2013 Winter 2014

Schladow, S. Geoffrey

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to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Is Online Learning Right for You? Medical College of Wisconsin  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to use a computer with internet. You are likely a good candidate for online learning. Click the icon or more internet-based programs. The program used by the Medical College of Wisconsin's Master of Public for you) to get started. Do you have regular access to a computer with internet? Yes No #12;If you

422

Age as differentiator in online advertising gaze patterns  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Eye gaze can be used to gauge attention and potentially respond accordingly within the context of interactive advertising. In order to utilise gaze patterns effectively, a model may have to be developed which can interpret intentions based on prior knowledge ... Keywords: Eye-tracking, advertisements, gaze behaviour, online media

Tanya Beelders, Luna Bergh

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

On-Line Machine Covering Yossi Azar1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

On-Line Machine Covering Yossi Azar1 ,Leah Epstein2 1 Dept. of Computer Science, Tel of scheduling a sequence of jobs to m parallel machines as to maximize the minimum load over the machines. This situation corresponds to a case that a system which consists of the m machines is alive (i.e. productive

Azar, Yossi

424

Combating Terrorism Fellowship Program ISSN 2162-6421 (online)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

0 2011 Combating Terrorism Fellowship Program ISSN 2162-6421 (online) 11/1/2011 Vol. 1, No. 2 #12 University at Albany SUNY Hussam Bader CombatingTerrorismFellowship Program Alejandra Bolanos National School Dennis Walters CombatingTerrorismFellowship Program Kenneth Poole Joint Operations University Nick

425

Online Course Syllabus STATS 8: Introduction to Biological Statistics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of data, linear regression, probability and sampling distributions, basic statistical inference for meansOnline Course Syllabus Page 1 STATS 8: Introduction to Biological Statistics Summer Session II 2011. Baldi is a lecturer at UC Irvine where she has been teaching statistics for many years. She is also

Loudon, Catherine

426

GA103 a microprogrammable processor for online filtering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

GA103 is a 16 bit microprogrammable processor, which emulates the PDP 11 instruction set. It is based on the Am2900 slices. It allows user- implemented microinstructions and addition of hardwired processors. It will perform online filtering tasks in the NA14 experiment at CERN, based on the reconstruction of transverse momentum of photons detected in a lead glass calorimeter. (3 refs).

Calzas, A; Danon, G

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Characterizing user navigation and interactions in online social networks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Understanding how users navigate and interact when they connect to social networking sites creates opportunities for better interface design, richer studies of social interactions, and improved design of content distribution systems. In this paper, we ... Keywords: Browsing, Clickstream, Online social networks, Session, Social network aggregator, User behavior

Fabrício Benevenuto; Tiago Rodrigues; Meeyoung Cha; Virgílio Almeida

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Smart, Useful, Scary, Creepy: Perceptions of Online Behavioral Advertising  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Smart, Useful, Scary, Creepy: Perceptions of Online Behavioral Advertising Blase Ur, Pedro Giovanni- havioral advertising (OBA). We investigated non-technical users' attitudes about and understanding of OBA to tailor advertisements, yet they were aware of contextual targeting. Our results identify mismatches

Sadeh, Norman M.

429

Multiparty authorization framework for data sharing in online social networks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Online social networks (OSNs) have experienced tremendous growth in recent years and become a de facto portal for hundreds of millions of Internet users. These OSNs offer attractive means for digital social interactions and information sharing, but also ... Keywords: access control, data sharing, multiparty, privacy, social network

Hongxin Hu; Gail-Joon Ahn

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Automatic setup of recommended connections for online searching  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the recommended Connections. #12;Information Services 4 July 2013 7. Select a database to search and enter search terms in the search boxes 8. Select the number of results to retrieve The records will appear in EndnoteAutomatic setup of recommended connections for online searching EndNote X6 #12;Information Services

Painter, Kevin

431

Available online at www.sciencedirect.com ScienceDirect  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

]. The main advantages of this solar cell concept are: the bifacial characteristic; relatively lowAvailable online at www.sciencedirect.com ScienceDirect Energy Procedia 00 (2014) 000­000 www 621 Villeurbanne, France b Apollon Solar, 23 rue Claudius Collonge, 69002, Lyon, France c IRYSOLAR

432

Methods Development for On-Line Gas Chromatography  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......for continuous process analysis and control imposes...development for on-line analysis are compared with those...switching methods to improve reliability and increase speed...design for speed of analysis while satisfying requirements...range (as in a batch reactor). (4) The sample......

Richard Villalobos

1990-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Online Visualization of Adaptive Distributed Sensor Webs Ashit Talukder  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

controllers adapt the operation of the sensors to detected events. The paper describes an approach for online vehicles and passing surface ships. 1 2 TABLE OF CONTENTS 1. INTRODUCTION-situ stationary sensors [1]. The outputs of the ocean model are 48 hour forecasts of marine conditions

Panangadan, Anand

434

Online Tutorial A. Introduction 4 slides (page 3)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Online Tutorial 1 #12;A. Introduction ­ 4 slides (page 3) B. eGrades Timeline ­ 5 slides (page 8) C. Accessing eGrades ­ 5 slides (page 14) D. Authorized Graders ­ 22 slides (page 20) E. Submitting Grades ­ 42 slides (page 43) F. Grade changes ­ 19 slides (page 86) G. Importing Grades ­ 29 slides (page 106) H

Tsien, Roger Y.

435

Searching for Music Materials in the WSU Online Catalog  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in relation to the previous search. To limit your search from the beginning, choose advanced search and set your limits. The Advanced search option is highly recommended for searching works in collectionsSearching for Music Materials in the WSU Online Catalog When you are conducting a Basic Search

436

On-Line Geometric Modeling Notes B EZIER PATCH SUBDIVISION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

On-Line Geometric Modeling Notes B ´EZIER PATCH SUBDIVISION Kenneth I. Joy Visualization method can be specified to subdivide a B´ezier patch. This method is specified unlike the matrix methods, as it is based upon the definition of the patch as a set of curves.. The Method for Subdivision We recall that

California at Davis, University of

437

Print and online advertising in the Sun-Herald  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Print and online advertising in the Sun-Herald Effective 1 August 2012 #12;Domain in The Sun* potential buyers and investors. Now with Packages, that include Saturday Domain, The Sun-Herald, Domain and Coast. Choose your Paper, Choose your Budget and Target your Buyers. Domain Sun-Herald Domain Sun

Peters, Richard

438

Equation of State of Nucleon Matters from Lattice QCD Simulations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nucleon matters are studied based on QCD. We extract nucleon-nucleon interaction from lattice QCD simulations in a recently developed approach, and then derive the equations of state of the symmetric nuclear matter and the pure neutron matter, at zero temperature, in the Brueckner-Hartree-Fock framework. We find that QCD reproduce known features of the symmetric nuclear matter, such as the self-binding and saturation, at some values of quark mass. We find also that the pure neutron matter become more stiff at large density as quark mass decrease. We apply these equations of state to neutron star and study its mass and radius.

Takashi Inoue; for HAL QCD Collaboration

2013-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

439

The Universe Adventure - The Search for Dark Matter  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Search for Dark Matter Search for Dark Matter Large Hadron Collider Particle accelerators, such as the newly constructed LHC (Large Hadron Collider) at CERN in Geneva, Switzerland, use powerful magnets to accelerate particles to velocities near that of light and collide them into target beams. Physicists analyze the spray of particles created by the collisions which may contain clues about the properties of elusive dark matter particles. Today the search for dark matter is carried out in labs, observatories, and particle accelerators around the world. Scientists hope that the next generation of experiments will finally uncover the identity of dark matter. Alternatives to Dark Matter Some cosmologists are looking for alternative theories that explain these phenomena without relying on unobservable dark matter. Most of these

440

Experiment Profile: DAMIC NAME: Dark Matter In CCDs, or DAMIC  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

DAMIC DAMIC NAME: Dark Matter In CCDs, or DAMIC ThE ORIGIN OF ThE NAME: DAMIC searches for dark matter using Charge Coupled Devices. These digital chips register light that gets converted into a digital value a computer can store. WHAT WILL THIS TELL? Everything you see, visible matter, makes up 4 percent of the universe. Dark matter and dark energy make up the rest of the universe. Physicists understand that dark matter acts as an invisible source of gravity, but little more. DAMIC seeks to pinpoint what particles make up dark matter, which will help explain how the universe came to exist. Without the added gravitational attraction of dark matter, stars and galaxies would have never formed. The expansion of the universe after the Big Bang would have dispersed visible

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "matters online townhall" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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441

National High Magnetic Field Laboratory - Condensed Matter Publication...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

T.; Nishino, M. and Miyashita, S., Crossover between a Short-range and a Long-range Ising model, Phys. Rev. B, 84, 054433 (2011) read online 31 Pramudya, Y.; Terletska, H.;...

442

Dark-matter admixed white dwarfs  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We study the equilibrium structures of white dwarfs with dark matter cores formed by non-self-annihilating dark matter (DM) particles with masses ranging from 1 GeV to 100 GeV, which are assumed to form an ideal degenerate Fermi gas inside the stars. For DM particles of mass 10 GeV and 100 GeV, we find that stable stellar models exist only if the mass of the DM core inside the star is less than O(10-3)M? and O(10-6)M?, respectively. The global properties of these stars, and in particular the corresponding Chandrasekhar mass limits, are essentially the same as those of traditional white dwarf models without DM. Nevertheless, in the 10 GeV case, the gravitational attraction of the DM core is strong enough to squeeze the normal matter in the core region to densities above neutron drip, far above those in traditional white dwarfs. For DM with a particle mass of 1 GeV, the DM core inside the star can be as massive as ?0.1M? and affects the global structure of the star significantly. In this case, the radius of a stellar model with DM can be about two times smaller than that of a traditional white dwarf. Furthermore, the Chandrasekhar mass limit can also be decreased by as much as 40%. Our results may have implications on the extent to which type Ia supernovae can be regarded as standard candles—a key assumption in the discovery of dark energy.

S.-C. Leung; M.-C. Chu; L.-M. Lin; K.-W. Wong

2013-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

443

Crystallization and collapse in relativistically degenerate matter  

SciTech Connect

In this paper, it is shown that a mass density limit exists beyond which the relativistically degenerate matter would crystallize. The mass density limit, found here, is quite analogous to the mass limit predicted by Chandrasekhar for a type of compact stars called white dwarfs (M{sub Ch} Asymptotically-Equal-To 1.43 Solar Mass). In this study, the old problem of white dwarf core collapse, which has been previously investigated by Chandrasekhar using hydrostatic stability criteria, is revisited in the framework of the quantum hydrodynamics model by inspection of the charge screening at atomic scales in the relativistic degeneracy plasma regime taking into account the relativistic Fermi-Dirac statistics and electron interaction features such as the quantum statistical pressure, Coulomb attraction, electron exchange-correlation, and quantum recoil effects. It is revealed that the existence of ion correlation and crystallization of matter in the relativistically degenerate plasma puts a critical mass density limit on white dwarf core region. It is shown that a white dwarf star with a core mass density beyond this critical limit can undergo the spontaneous core collapse (SCC). The SCC phenomenon, which is dominantly caused by the electron quantum recoil effect (interference and localization of the electron wave function), leads to a new exotic state of matter. In such exotic state, the relativistic electron degeneracy can lead the white dwarf crystallized core to undergo the nuclear fusion and an ultimate supernova by means of the volume reduction (due to the enhanced compressibility) and huge energy release (due to the increase in cohesive energy), under the stars huge inward gravitational pressure. Moreover, it is found that the SCC phenomenon is significantly affected by the core composition (it is more probable for heavier plasmas). The critical mass density found here is consistent with the values calculated for core density of typical white dwarf stars.

Akbari-Moghanjoughi, M. [International Centre for Advanced Studies in Physical Sciences and Institute for Theoretical Physics, Ruhr University Bochum, D-44780 Bochum, Germany and Department of Physics, Faculty of Sciences, Azarbaijan Shahid Madani University, 51745-406 Tabriz (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

2013-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

444

Symmetry Energy I: Semi-Infinite Matter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy for a nucleus is considered in macroscopic limit, in terms of nucleon numbers. Further considered for a nuclear system is the Hohenberg-Kohn energy functional, in terms of proton and neutron densities. Finally, Skyrme-Hartree-Fock calculations are carried out for a half-infinite particle-stable nuclear-matter. In each case, the attention is focused on the role of neutron-proton asymmetry and on the nuclear symmetry energy. We extend the considerations on the symmetry term from an energy formula to the respective term in the Hohenberg-Kohn functional. We show, in particular, that in the limit of an analytic functional, and subject to possible Coulomb corrections, it is possible to construct isoscalar and isovector densities out of the proton and neutron densities, that retain a universal relation to each other, approximately independent of asymmetry. In the so-called local approximation, the isovector density is inversely proportional to the symmetry energy in uniform matter at the local isoscalar density. Generalized symmetry coefficient of a nuclear system is related, in the analytic limit of a functional, to an integral of the isovector density. We test the relations, inferred from the Hohenberg-Kohn functional, in the Skyrme-Hartree-Fock calculations of half-infinite matter. Within the calculations, we obtain surface symmetry coefficients and parameters characterizing the densities, for the majority of Skyrme parameterizations proposed in the literature. The volume-to-surface symmetry-coefficient ratio and the displacement of nuclear isovector relative to isoscalar surfaces both strongly increase as the slope of symmetry energy in the vicinity of normal density increases.

Pawel Danielewicz; Jenny Lee

2008-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

445

Energy-Density Relation for Nuclear Matter  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In most previous calculations of nuclear matter the energy has been calculated only at the equilibrium density, which density has been determined by a minimum condition. In the present paper the author's theory of nuclear matter is applied to a study of the complete energy-density relation of nuclear matter, in the neighborhood of the equilibrium density. The emphasis here is not upon duplicating the accepted value for the equilibrium binding energy, but rather upon a study of the leading (diagonal) contribution of the quasi-particle interaction term g1(k1k2|k3k4), which is the matrix element of a reaction matrix G1. It is shown that g1(k1k2|k1k2) must be evaluated partly by using observed nucleon-nucleon scattering phase shifts and partly by calculating the close-in behavior of the two-nucleon wave function, and that this second part receives a large contribution from the deuteron state. Curves are given for the dependence of g1(k1k2|k1k2) on the density and the center-of-mass momentum. It is also shown that g1(k1k2|k1k2) is sensitive to the size of the nucleon repulsive core, but not upon the character of the attraction, when agreement with scattering data has first been achieved. Finally, a comparison of g1(k1k2|k1k2) with the prediction of first-order perturbation theory is made.

Franz Mohling

1962-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Distinct optical properties of relativistically degenerate matter  

SciTech Connect

In this paper, we use the collisional quantum magnetohydrodynamic (CQMHD) model to derive the transverse dielectric function of a relativistically degenerate electron fluid and investigate various optical parameters, such as the complex refractive index, the reflection and absorption coefficients, the skin-depth and optical conductivity. In this model we take into accounts effects of many parameters such as the atomic-number of the constituent ions, the electron exchange, electron diffraction effect and the electron-ion collisions. Study of the optical parameters in the solid-density, the warm-dense-matter, the big-planetary core, and the compact star number-density regimes reveals that there are distinct differences between optical characteristics of the latter and the former cases due to the fundamental effects of the relativistic degeneracy and other quantum mechanisms. It is found that in the relativistic degeneracy plasma regime, such as found in white-dwarfs and neutron star crusts, matter possess a much sharper and well-defined step-like reflection edge beyond the x-ray electromagnetic spectrum, including some part of gamma-ray frequencies. It is also remarked that the magnetic field intensity only significantly affects the plasma reflectivity in the lower number-density regime, rather than the high density limit. Current investigation confirms the profound effect of relativistic degeneracy on optical characteristics of matter and can provide an important plasma diagnostic tool for studying the physical processes within the wide scope of quantum plasma regimes be it the solid-density, inertial-confined, or astrophysical compact stars.

Akbari-Moghanjoughi, M. [Department of Physics, Faculty of Sciences, Azarbaijan Shahid Madani University, Tabriz 51745-406 (Iran, Islamic Republic of); International Centre for Advanced Studies in Physical Sciences and Institute for Theoretical Physics, Ruhr University Bochum, Bochum D-44780 (Germany)

2014-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

447

Bulk viscosity in kaon condensed matter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate the effect of $K^-$ condensed matter on bulk viscosity and r-mode instability in neutron stars. The bulk viscosity coefficient due to the non-leptonic process $n \\rightleftharpoons p + K^-$ is studied here. In this connection, equations of state are constructed within the framework of relativistic field theoretical models where nucleon-nucleon and kaon-nucleon interactions are mediated by the exchange of scalar and vector mesons. We find that the bulk viscosity coefficient due to the non-leptonic weak process in the condensate is suppressed by several orders of magnitude. Consequently, kaon bulk viscosity may not damp the r-mode instability in neutron stars.

Debarati Chatterjee; Debades Bandyopadhyay

2007-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

448

Shear viscosity of $?$-stable nuclear matter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Viscosity plays a critical role in determining the stability of rotating neutron stars. We report the results of a calculation of the shear viscosity of $\\beta$~-~stable matter, carried out using an effective interaction based on a state-of-the-art nucleon-nucleon potential and the formalism of correlated basis functions. Within our approach the equation of state, determining the proton fraction, and the nucleon-nucleon scattering probability are consistently obtained from the same dynamical model. The results show that, while the neutron contribution to the viscosity is always dominant, above nuclear saturation density the electron contribution becomes appreciable.

Omar Benhar; Arianna Carbone

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Classified Matter Protection and Control Manual  

Directives, Delegations, and Requirements

This Manual supplements DOE O 471.2A, Information Security Program, dated 3-27-97, and provides detailed requirements for the protection and control of classified matter. Cancels DOE M 471.2-1B, dated 1-6-99, except Chapter III paragraphs 1 and 2 and Chapter IV. DOE M 471.2-1B Chapter IV was canceled by DOE O 471.4, Incidents of Security Concern, dated 3-17-04. Change 1, dated 7-14-2004, modifies requirements in Chapter II, paragraph 8c. Extended until 5-11-06 by DOE N 251.63, dated 5-11-05.

2004-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

450

MSSM Inflaton: SUSY Dark Matter and LHC  

SciTech Connect

In this talk we will discuss how inflation can be embedded within a minimal extension of the Standard Model where the inflaton carries the Standard Model charges. There is no need of an ad-hoc scalar field to be introduced in order to explain the temperature anisotropy of the cosmic microwave background radiation, all the ingredients are present within a minimal supersymmetric Standard Model. For the first time inflaton properties can be directly linked to the particle phenomenology, dark matter, and the baryons of the Standard Model.

Mazumdar, A. [Physics Department, Lancaster University, Lancaster, LA1 4YB (United Kingdom) and Niels Bohr Institute, Copenhagen University, Blegdamsvej-17, DK-2100 (Denmark)

2009-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

451

Scalar Dark Matter and Cold Stars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In a medium composed of scalar particles with non-zero mass, the range of Van-der-Waals-type scalar mediated interactions among nucleons becomes infinite when the medium makes a transition to a Bose-Einstein condensed phase. We explore this phenomenon in an astrophysical context. Namely, we study the effect of a scalar dark matter background on the equilibrium of degenerate stars.In particular we focus on white dwarfs and the changes induced in their masses and in their radii.

J. A. Grifols

2005-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

452

Weak Lensing: Dark Matter, Dark Energy  

SciTech Connect

The light rays from distant galaxies are deflected by massive structures along the line of sight, causing the galaxy images to be distorted. Measurements of these distortions, known as weak lensing, provide a way of measuring the distribution of dark matter as well as the spatial geometry of the universe. I will describe the ideas underlying this approach to cosmology. With planned large imaging surveys, weak lensing is a powerful probe of dark energy. I will discuss the observational challenges ahead and recent progress in developing multiple, complementary approaches to lensing measurements.

Jain, Bhuvnesh (University of Pennsylvania) [University of Pennsylvania

2006-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

453

Scalar Field Dark Matter and Galaxy Formation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a general description of the scalar field dark matter (SFDM) hypothesis in the cosmological context. The scenario of structure formation under such a hypothesis is based on Jeans instabilities of fluctuations of the scalar field. It is shown that it is possible to form stable long lived objects consisting of a wide range of typical galactic masses around $10^{12}M_{\\odot}$ once the parameters of the effective theory are fixed with the cosmological constraints. The energy density at the origin of such an object is smooth as it should.

Miguel Alcubierre; F. Siddhartha Guzman; Tonatiuh Matos; Dario Nunez; L. Arturo Urena-Lopez; Petra Wiederhold

2002-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

454

Classified Matter Protection and Control Manual  

Directives, Delegations, and Requirements

Provides detailed requirements for the protection and control of classified matter which supplement DOE O 471.2A. Extended until 5-11-06 by DOE N 251.63, dated 5-11-05. This manual has been canceled by DOE M 471.2-1C except Chapter III paragraphs 1 and 2, and Chapter IV. Chapter IV was canceled by DOE O 471.4, Incidents of Security Concern, dated 3/17/2004. Cancels DOE M 471.2-1A.

1999-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

455

Matter sourced anisotropic stress for dark energy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Usually a dark energy as a perfect fluid is characterized by the ratio of pressure to energy density (w=p/?) and the ratio of their perturbations in its rest frame (cs2=?p/??). However, a dark energy would have other characteristics beyond its equation of state and the effective speed of sound. Here the extra property is the anisotropic stress sourced by matter as a simple extension to the perfect fluid model. At the background level, this anisotropic stress is zero with respect to the cosmological principle, but not at the first-order perturbation. We tested the viability of the existence of this kind of anisotropic stress by using the currently available cosmic observations through the geometrical and dynamical measurements. Using the Markov-chain Monte Carlo method, we found that the upper bounds on the anisotropic stress which enters into the summation of the Newtonian potentials should be of the order O(10?3)?m. We did not find any strong evidence for the existence of this matter-sourced anisotropic stress, even in the 1? region.

Baorong Chang; Jianbo Lu; Lixin Xu

2014-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

456

Astrophysical constraints on millicharged atomic dark matter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Some models of inelastic dark matter posit the existence of bound states under some new $U(1)'$ gauge symmetry. If this new dark photon kinetically mixes with the standard model photon, then the constituent particles in these bound states can acquire a fractional electric charge. This electric charge renders a dark-matter medium dispersive. We compute this frequency-dependent index of refraction for such a medium and use the frequency-dependent arrival time of light from astrophysical sources to constrain the properties of dark atoms in the medium. Using optical-wavelength observations from the Crab Pulsar, we find the electric millicharge of dark (electrons) protons to be smaller than the electric charge $e$ for dark atom masses below 100 keV, assuming a dark fine structure constant $\\boldsymbol{\\alpha}=1$. We estimate that future broadband observations of gamma-ray bursts can produce constraints on the millicharge of dark atoms with masses in the keV range that are competitive with existing collider constra...

Kvam, Audrey K

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Fusion reactions in multicomponent dense matter  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We analyze thermonuclear and pycnonuclear fusion reactions in dense matter containing atomic nuclei of different types. We extend a phenomenological expression for the reaction rate, proposed recently by Gasques et al. [Phys. Rev. C 72, 025806 (2005)] for the one-component plasma of nuclei, to the multicomponent plasma. The expression contains several fit parameters which we adjust to reproduce the best microscopic calculations available in the literature. Furthermore, we show that pycnonuclear burning is drastically affected by an (unknown) structure of the multicomponent matter (a regular lattice, a uniform mix, etc.). We apply the results to study nuclear burning in a 12C-16O mixture. In this context, we present new calculations of the astrophysical S factors for carbon-oxygen and oxygen-oxygen fusion reactions. We show that the presence of a C-O lattice can strongly suppress carbon ignition in white dwarf cores and neutron star crusts at densities ??3×109 g cm-3 and temperatures T?108 K.

D. G. Yakovlev; L. R. Gasques; A. V. Afanasjev; M. Beard; M. Wiescher

2006-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

458

CMB constraints on light dark matter candidates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Unveiling the nature of cosmic dark matter is an urgent issue in cosmology. Here we make use of a strategy based on the search for the imprints left on the CMB temperature and polarization spectra by the energy deposition due to annihilations of the most promising dark matter candidate, a stable WIMP of mass 1-20 GeV. A major improvement with respect to previous similar studies is a detailed treatment of the annihilation cascade and its energy deposition in the cosmic gas. This is vital as this quantity is degenerate with the annihilation cross-section . The strongest constraints are obtained from Monte Carlo Markov Chains analysis of the combined WMAP7 and SPT datasets up to lmax = 3100. If annihilation occurs via the e+e- channel, a light WIMP can be excluded at 2-{\\sigma} c.l. as a viable DM candidate in the above mass range. However, if annihilation occurs via {\\mu}+{\\mu}- or {\\tau}+{\\tau}- channels instead we find that WIMPs with mass > 5 GeV might represent a viable cosmological DM candidate. We compare...

Evoli, Carmelo; Ferrara, Andrea

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Astrophysical constraints on millicharged atomic dark matter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Some models of inelastic dark matter posit the existence of bound states under some new $U(1)'$ gauge symmetry. If this new dark photon kinetically mixes with the standard model photon, then the constituent particles in these bound states can acquire a fractional electric charge. This electric charge renders a dark-matter medium dispersive. We compute this frequency-dependent index of refraction for such a medium and use the frequency-dependent arrival time of light from astrophysical sources to constrain the properties of dark atoms in the medium. Using optical-wavelength observations from the Crab Pulsar, we find the electric millicharge of dark (electrons) protons to be smaller than the electric charge $e$ for dark atom masses below 100 keV, assuming a dark fine structure constant $\\boldsymbol{\\alpha}=1$. We estimate that future broadband observations of gamma-ray bursts can produce constraints on the millicharge of dark atoms with masses in the keV range that are competitive with existing collider constraints.

Audrey K. Kvam; David C. Latimer

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Effects of periodic matter in kaon regeneration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the effects of periodic matter in kaon regeneration, motivated by the possibility of parametric resonance in neutrino oscillations. The large imaginary parts of the forward kaon-nucleon scattering amplitudes and the decay width difference $\\Delta\\Gamma$ prevent a sizable enhancement of the $K_L\\to K_S$ transition probability. However, some interesting effects can be produced using regenerators made of alternating layers of two different materials. Despite the fact that the regenerator has a fixed length one can obtain different values for the probability distribution of the $K_L$ decay into a final state. Using a two-arm regenerator set up it is possible to measure the imaginary parts of the $K^0(\\bar{K}^0)$-nucleon scattering amplitudes in the correlated decays of the $\\phi$-resonance. Combining the data of the single-arm regenerator experiments with direct and reverse orders of the matter layers in the regenerator one can independently measure the CP violating parameter $\\delta$.

Evgeny Akhmedov; Augusto Barroso; Petteri Keränen

2001-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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461

ANTENNA-COUPLED LIGHT-MATTER INTERACTIONS  

SciTech Connect

This project is focused on antenna-coupled photon emission from single quantum emitters. The properties of optical antennas are tailored to control different photophysical parameters, such as the excited state lifetime, the saturation intensity, and the quantum yield [3]. Using a single molecule coupled to an optical antenna whose position and properties can be controllably adjusted we established a detailed and quantitative understanding of light-matter interactions in nanoscale environments. We have studied various quantum emitters: single molecules [11], quantum dots [7], rareearth ions [2], and NV centers in diamond [19]. We have systematically studied the interaction of these emitters with optical antennas. The overall objective was to establish a high-level of control over the light-matter interaction. In order to eliminate the coupling to the environment, we have taken a step further and explored the possibility of levitating the quantum emitter in high vacuum. What started as a side-project soon became a main activity in our research program and led us to the demonstration of vacuum trapping and cooling of a nanoscale particle [14].

NOVOTNY, LUKAS

2014-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

462

Hayashibe and Guiraud BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2013, 12:86 http://www.biomedical-engineering-online.com/content/12/1/86  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hayashibe and Guiraud BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2013, 12:86 http://www.biomedical-engineering and Guiraud BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2013, 12:86 Page 2 of 18 http://www.biomedical-engineering

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

463

Online Training Now Available -We are proud to offer EPA Accredited Lead-Safe Work Practices training online, which can take the place of the 6 hour classroom  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Online Training Now Available - We are proud to offer EPA Accredited Lead-Safe Work Practices training online, which can take the place of the 6 hour classroom instruction for the Lead RRP certification. Please note that a two hour hands-on training session is still required before you can obtain

Tennessee, University of

464

ONLINE REGISTRATION WEBADVISOR Spring Term 2012 You can complete your online registration from off campus at any computer with internet access. You  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ONLINE REGISTRATION ­ WEBADVISOR Spring Term 2012 You can complete your online registration from of Winnipeg). See WebAdvisor Support Hours below. We can help you with searching, selecting, registering on LOG IN located in the upper right or lower right navigation bar. 4) Enter your User ID and password. a

Martin, Jeff

465

Argonne TTRDC - APRF - Research Activities - Online Database of Vehicle  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Maintaining an Online Database of Vehicle Test Results Maintaining an Online Database of Vehicle Test Results APRF control room Engineer Henning Lohse-Busch monitors vehicle testing from the APRF control room. In the APRF, vehicle benchmarking combines testing and data analysis to characterize efficiency, performance and emissions, and to help find control strategies under a variety of operating conditions. The valuable data obtained from this effort have been placed in an Internet-accessible database that provides a unique resource not previously available to researchers, students, and industry. This resource is called the Downloadable Dynamometer Database. The APRF's test results are useful to nearly all aspects of the FreedomCAR partnership. It is also used by organizations such as the Department of Energy, Society of Automotive Engineers, California Air Resources Board,

466

On-Line Tools - Center for Transportation Analysis  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

On-Line Tools On-Line Tools Fuel Economy Website - This interactive website allows consumers to factor fuel efficiency into their car buying decisions by allowing side by side fuel economy comparisons of new model year vehicles. This site also contains information on advanced techonolgy vehicles, the environment, and a well organized links section, making it a gateway for those interested in researching vehicles on the web. Contact: Bo Saulsbury. Transportation Energy Data Book: Edition 32 - Designed as a desk-top reference, the data book includes statistics and other information that characterize transportation activity and/or influence transportation energy use. The Transportation Energy Data Book: Edition 32 is available in pdf format by clicking on the above link and is also available in hard copy. To

467

A Simple Generative Model of Collective Online Behaviour  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Human activities---from voter mobilization to political protests---increasingly take place in online environments, providing novel opportunities for relating individual behaviours to population-level outcomes. The recent availability of data sets that capture the behaviour of individuals participating in online social systems has driven the emerging field of computational social science, as large-scale empirical data sets enable the development of detailed computational models of individual and collective behaviour. Given the inherent limitations of observational data, it is crucial to investigate the extent to which models of collective dynamics can distinguish between different individual-level mechanisms. Here we introduce a simple generative model for the collective behaviour of millions of social networking site users who are deciding between different software applications. Our model incorporates two distinct components: one is associated with recent decisions of users, and the other reflects the cumula...

Gleeson, James P; Onnela, Jukka-Pekka; Porter, Mason A; Reed-Tsochas, Felix

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

The nested assembly of collective attention in online social systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Online social networks have changed the way in which we communicate. These networks are characterized by a competitive information flow and a dynamic topology, where the success of a given topic or meme depends on many factors, most of which are unknown. Likely, given the many sources of information to which a typical individual is exposed, the economy of attention rules the system dynamics. Here we show, using microblogging data, that competition is minimized through consensus and that collective attention and successful topical assembly are characterized by a nested structure of the bipartite network made up by users and memes. Our results indicate that social phenomena could emerge as a result of a topological transition that minimizes modularity while maximizing the nestedness of the system, and that online social networks are comparable to an ecosystem, where generalists and specialists share resources.

Borge-Holthoefer, Javier; Gracia-Lázaro, Carlos; Moreno, Yamir

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

DOE Technical Standards Program: Online Approved DOE Technical Standards  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Online Approved DOE Technical Standards Online Approved DOE Technical Standards No. 1001 – 2000 No. 3001 – 4000 No. 4001 – 5500 No. 5501 – 6000 No. 6001 – 6500 No. 7501 – 7750 Document Number Range 1001 – 2000 Number Title DOE-HDBK-1001-96 Guide to Good Practices for Training and Qualification of Instructors (80 pages) PDF (226 KB) DOE-HDBK-1002-96 Guide to Good Practices for Training and Qualification of Chemical Operators (70 pages) PDF (311 KB) DOE-HDBK-1003-96 Guide to Good Practices for Training and Qualification of Maintenance Personnel (106 pages) PDF (391 KB) DOE-HDBK-1010-92 (Reaffirmed 1999) DOE Fundamentals Handbook, Classical Physics (142 pages) PDF (1120 KB) DOE-HDBK-1011/1-92 (Reaffirmed 1999) DOE Fundamentals Handbook, Electrical Science, Volume 1 of 4 (166 pages) PDF (4255 KB)

470

Nuclear Regulatory Commission Regulatory and Licensing Matters | Department  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Regulatory Commission Regulatory and Licensing Matters Regulatory Commission Regulatory and Licensing Matters Nuclear Regulatory Commission Regulatory and Licensing Matters GC-52 provides legal advice to DOE regarding Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) regulatory and licensing matters of interest to DOE, either as an NRC license applicant or in connection with related authorities and responsibilities of DOE and NRC on nuclear material, nuclear waste, and nuclear nonproliferation matters. GC-52 attorneys provide advice and support on a variety of NRC matters including regulation and licensing of DOE independent spent fuel storage facilities (ISFSIs) and a mixed-oxide fuel fabrication facility, consultation with NRC on certain DOE waste determinations, and imports and exports of nuclear materials and radioactive sealed sources.

471

SPTP: A Trust Management Protocol for Online and Ubiquitous Systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

With the recent proliferation of ubiquitous, mobile and cloud-based systems, security, privacy and trust concerns surrounding the use of emerging technologies in the ensuing wake of the Internet of Things (IoT) continues to mount. In most instances, ... Keywords: Privacy Framework, SPT, Security, Trust Management, Trust and Privacy Protocol, Cloud, Collective Intelligence, mHealth, Ubiquitous Computing, Mobile Computing, Online Advertising Privacy

Ivor D. Addo, Ji-Jiang Yang, Sheikh I. Ahamed

2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

AmiGO: online access to ontology and annotation data  

SciTech Connect

AmiGO is a web application that allows users to query, browse, and visualize ontologies and related gene product annotation (association) data. AmiGO can be used online at the Gene Ontology (GO) website to access the data provided by the GO Consortium; it can also be downloaded and installed to browse local ontologies and annotations. AmiGO is free open source software developed and maintained by the GO Consortium.

Carbon, Seth; Ireland, Amelia; Mungall, Christopher J.; Shu, ShengQiang; Marshall, Brad; Lewis, Suzanna

2009-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

473

Expert system for online surveillance of nuclear reactor coolant pumps  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An expert system for online surveillance of nuclear reactor coolant pumps. This system provides a means for early detection of pump or sensor degradation. Degradation is determined through the use of a statistical analysis technique, sequential probability ratio test, applied to information from several sensors which are responsive to differing physical parameters. The results of sequential testing of the data provide the operator with an early warning of possible sensor or pump failure.

Gross, Kenny C. (Bolingbrook, IL); Singer, Ralph M. (Naperville, IL); Humenik, Keith E. (Columbia, MD)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Search for Low-Mass Dark Matter at BABAR  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This review briefly describes light dark matter searches performed by the BABAR experiment. Although dark matter candidates have traditionally been associated with heavy particles appearing in extensions of the Standard Model, a lighter component remains a well motivated alternative, and many scenarios of light dark matter have been recently proposed. Thanks to their large luminosities, B factories offer an ideal environment to probe these possibilities, complementing searches from direct detection and satellite experiments.

B. Echenard

2012-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

475

Self-interacting dark matter and the Higgs boson  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Self-interacting dark matter has been suggested in order to overcome the difficulties of the cold dark matter model on galactic scales. We argue that a scalar gauge singlet coupled to the Higgs boson, which could lead to an invisibly decaying Higgs boson, is an interesting candidate for this self-interacting dark matter particle. We also present estimates on the abundance of these particles today as well as the consequences to non-Newtonian forces.

M. C. Bento; O. Bertolami; R. Rosenfeld; L. Teodoro

2000-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

476

Online Self?Reporting of Pencil?and?Paper Homework  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Physics teachers are most effective when their students are active learners who think and participate in every class. This extends beyond the classroom too: ideally students would tackle challenging questions and exercises after every class—not just before the exam or the night before the weekly homework is due.1 Just?in?Time?Teaching2 was developed to encourage this by having students submit daily homework online; their answers can be quickly graded (by hand) and then used as a springboard for class discussions that day. More recently online homework services have become available that can automate the grading process and provide instantaneous feedback to students. Unfortunately in both of these cases the range of possible questions is limited to what can be easily answered via computer. But while pencil and paper is still an easier medium for expressing diagrams and equations daily collection of paper homework is cumbersome and does not allow same?day feedback. This paper describes a hybrid strategy in which students solve what may be “standard” pencil?and?paper homework problems and then use a simple online form to self?report their degree of success.

Matthew L. Trawick

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Recent Developments in Supersymmetric and Hidden Sector Dark Matter  

SciTech Connect

New results which correlate SUSY dark matter with LHC signals are presented, and a brief review of recent developments in supersymmetric and hidden sector dark matter is given. It is shown that the direct detection of dark matter is very sensitive to the hierarchical SUSY sparticle spectrum and the spectrum is very useful in distinguishing models. It is shown that the prospects of the discovery of neutralino dark matter are very bright on the 'Chargino Wall' due to a copious number of model points on the Wall, where the NLSP is the Chargino, and the spin independent neutralino-proton cross section is maintained at high values in the 10{sup -44} cm{sup 2} range for neutralino masses up to {approx}850 GeV. It is also shown that the direct detection of dark matter along with lepton plus jet signatures and missing energy provide dual, and often complementary, probes of supersymmetry. Finally, we discuss an out of the box possibility for dark matter, which includes dark matter from the hidden sector, which could either consist of extra weakly interacting dark matter (a Stino XWIMP), or milli-charged dark matter arising from the Stueckelberg extensions of the MSSM or the SM.

Feldman, Daniel; Liu Zuowei [Department of Physics, Northeastern University, Boston, MA 02115 (United States); Nath, Pran [Department of Physics, Northeastern University, Boston, MA 02115 (United States); TH Division, PH Department, CERN, CH-1211 Geneva 23 (Switzerland)

2008-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

478

Recent Developments in Supersymmetric and Hidden Sector Dark Matter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

New results which correlate SUSY dark matter with LHC signals are presented, and a brief review of recent developments in supersymmetric and hidden sector dark matter is given. It is shown that the direct detection of dark matter is very sensitive to the hierarchical SUSY sparticle spectrum and the spectrum is very useful in distinguishing models. It is shown that the prospects of the discovery of neutralino dark matter are very bright on the "Chargino Wall" due to a copious number of model points on the Wall, where the NLSP is the Chargino, and the spin independent neutralino-proton cross section is maintained at high values in the $10^{-44}$cm$^{2}$ range for neutralino masses up to $\\sim 850$ GeV . It is also shown that the direct detection of dark matter along with lepton plus jet signatures and missing energy provide dual, and often complementary, probes of supersymmetry. Finally, we discuss an out of the box possibility for dark matter, which includes dark matter from the hidden sector, which could either consist of extra weakly interacting dark matter (a Stino XWIMP), or milli-charged dark matter arising from the Stueckelberg extensions of the MSSM or the SM.

Daniel Feldman; Zuowei Liu; Pran Nath

2008-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

479

Inert scalar dark matter in an extra dimension inspired model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we analyze a dark matter model inspired by theories with extra dimensions. The dark matter candidate corresponds to the first Kaluza-Klein mode of a real scalar added to the Standard Model. The tower of new particles enriches the calculation of the relic abundance. For large mass splitting, the model converges to the predictions of the inert singlet dark matter model. For nearly degenerate mass spectrum, coannihilations increase the cross-sections used for direct and indirect dark matter searches. Moreover, the Kaluza-Klein zero mode can mix with the SM higgs and further constraints can be applied.

R. A. Lineros; F. A. Pereira dos Santos

2014-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

480

TBU-0033 - In the Matter of | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers (EERE)

this matter. On March 15, 2004, he voluntarily began work at a new position at NASAPlum Brook Station, a remote test installation site for the National Aeronautics and...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "matters online townhall" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Organic matter and the surface charge of suspended  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Sep 4, 1980 ... removal of DOC or surface-active substances ... transported suspended matter, removing ..... sources had an additive effect on fluores- cence.

2000-01-19T23:59:59.000Z

482

Direct/indirect detection signatures of nonthermally produced dark matter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study direct and indirect detection possibilities of neutralino dark matter produced non-thermally by e.g. the decay of long-lived particles, as is easily implemented in the case of anomaly or mirage mediation models. In this scenario, large self-annihilation cross sections are required to account for the present dark matter abundance, and it leads to significant enhancement of the gamma-ray signature from the Galactic Center and the positron flux from the dark matter annihilation. It is found that GLAST and PAMELA will find the signal or give tight constraints on such nonthermal production scenarios of neutralino dark matter.

Minoru Nagai; Kazunori Nakayama

2008-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

483

Direct/indirect detection signatures of nonthermally produced dark matter  

SciTech Connect

We study direct and indirect detection possibilities of neutralino dark matter produced nonthermally by, e.g., the decay of long-lived particles, as is easily implemented in the case of anomaly or mirage-mediation models. In this scenario, large self-annihilation cross sections are required to account for the present dark matter abundance, and it leads to significant enhancement of the gamma-ray signature from the galactic center and the positron flux from the dark matter annihilation. It is found that GLAST and PAMELA will find the signal or give tight constraints on such nonthermal production scenarios of neutralino dark matter.

Nagai, Minoru [Theory Group, KEK, Oho 1-1, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0801 (Japan); Nakayama, Kazunori [Institute for Cosmic Ray Research, University of Tokyo, Kashiwa, Chiba 277-8582 (Japan)

2008-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

484

Backgrounds and Projected Limits from Dark Matter Direct Detection Experiments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A simple formula is introduced which indicates the amount by which projections of dark matter direct detection experiments are expected to be degraded due to backgrounds.

Scott Dodelson

2008-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

485

Sum rules of four-neutrino mixing in matter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Assuming the existence of one light sterile neutrino, we investigate the neutrino flavor mixing matrix in matter. Sum rules between the mixing parameters in vacuum and their counterparts in matter are derived. By using these new sum rules, we obtain the simple but exact expressions of the effective flavor mixing matrix in matter in terms of neutrino masses and the mixing parameters in vacuum. The rephasing invariants, sides of unitarity quadrangles and oscillation probabilities in matter are also achieved. Our model-independent results will be very helpful for analyzing flavor mixing and CP violation in the future long-baseline neutrino oscillation experiments.

He Zhang

2006-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

486

Occupational Medicine Implications of Engineered Nanoscale Particulate Matter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Safety in Nanotechnology Research Occupational Medicinenanotechnology revolution promises dramatic advancements in science, technology, medicineMedicine Implications of Engineered Nanoscale Particulate Matter The emerging nanotechnology

Kelly, Richard J.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

DOE Science Showcase - Neutron Sources for Studying Matter |...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

(DOE) Office of Basic Energy Sciences. This activity supports the operation of three neutron scattering facilities, one of the most powerful tools for characterizing matter....

488

Direct and indirect detection of dissipative dark matter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the constraints from direct detection and solar capture on dark matter scenarios with a subdominant dissipative component. This dissipative dark matter component in general has both a symmetric and asymmetric relic abundance. Dissipative dynamics allow this subdominant dark matter component to cool, resulting in its partial or total collapse into a smaller volume inside the halo (e.g., a dark disk) as well as a reduced thermal velocity dispersion compared to that of normal cold dark matter. We first show that these features considerably relax the limits from direct detection experiments on the couplings between standard model (SM) particles and dissipative dark matter. On the other hand, indirect detection of the annihilation of the symmetric dissipative dark matter component inside the Sun sets stringent and robust constraints on the properties of the dissipative dark matter. In particular, IceCube observations force dissipative dark matter particles with mass above 50 GeV to either have a small coupling to the SM or a low local density in the solar system, or to have a nearly asymmetric relic abundance. Possible helioseismology signals associated with purely asymmetric dissipative dark matter are discussed, with no present constraints.

JiJi Fan; Andrey Katz; Jessie Shelton

2013-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

489

Neutrinoless double beta decay can constrain neutrino dark matter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We examine how constraints can be placed on the neutrino component of dark matter by an accurate measurement of neutrinoless double beta ($0\

V. Barger; S. L. Glashow; D. Marfatia; K. Whisnant

2002-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

490

Neutron matter on the lattice with pionless effective field theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study neutron matter by combining pionless effective field theory with non-perturbative lattice methods. The neutron contact interaction is determined by zero temperature scattering data. We simulate neutron matter on the lattice at temperatures 4 and 8 MeV and densities below one-fifth normal nuclear matter density. Our results at different lattice spacings agree with one another and match bubble chain calculations at low densities. The equation of state of pure neutron matter obtained from our simulations agrees quantitatively with variational calculations based on realistic potentials.

Dean Lee; Thomas Schaefer

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

In the Matter of National Broadband Plan Request for Information:  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

In the Matter of National Broadband Plan Request for Information: In the Matter of National Broadband Plan Request for Information: Communications Requirements In the Matter of National Broadband Plan Request for Information: Communications Requirements The American Public Power Association ("APPA") appreciates this opportunity to respond to the Department of Energy ("the Department" or "DOE") regarding its Request for Information ("RFI") on Implementing the National Broadband Plan by Studying the Communications Requirements of Electric Utilities to Inform Federal Smart Grid Policy. In the Matter of National Broadband Plan Request for Information: Communications Requirements More Documents & Publications Communications Requirements of Smart Grid Technologies RE: NBP RFI: Communications Requirements

492

Optical Backscatter Probe for Sensing Particulate Matter - Energy...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

particulate concentration is then determined by measuring the amount of backscattered light transmitted by particulate matter contained in a sample of engine exhaust. The speed...

493

LHC Bounds on Interactions of Dark Matter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We derive limits on the interactions of dark matter with quarks from ATLAS null searches for jets + missing energy based on ~1 fb^-1 of integrated luminosity, using a model-insensitive effective theory framework. We find that the new limits from the LHC significantly extend limits previously derived from CDF data at the Tevatron. Translated into the parameter space of direct searches, these limits are particularly effective for ~GeV mass WIMPs. Our limits indicate tension with isospin violating models satisfying minimal flavor violation which attempt to reconcile the purported CoGeNT excess with Xenon-100, indicating that either a light mediator or nontrivial flavor structure for the dark sector is necessary for a viable reconciliation of CoGeNT with Xenon.

Arvind Rajaraman; William Shepherd; Tim M. P. Tait; Alexander M. Wijangco

2011-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

494

"Jordan's Scalar Stars" and Dark Matter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Here we are starting the study of the field equations of relativistic scalar tensor theories in the spherically symmetric gravitational field. In the present article we shall consider as an example only the simplest Jordan-Brans-Dicke (JBD) one. To illustrate the property of the spherically symmetric JBD configuration we exhibit a new representation of the well-known four dimensional solutions. In this model, a suitable segment of Brans solution is chosen for the interior of the object while the outer region consists of a Schwarzschild vacuum. We have constructed "Jordan's scalar stars" model consisting of three parts: a homogeneous inner core with linear equation of state; an envelope of Brans spacetime matching the core and the exterior Schwarzschild spacetime. We have also showed that this toy model can explain the intergalactic effects without the dark matter hypothesis.

S. M. Kozyrev

2008-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

495

Color screening in cold quark matter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We compute color screening at finite quark chemical potentials cold quark matter at the one-loop level, comparing the normal, BCS paired U(1)_em, or Higgs, and a singlet phase with color-singlet condensate near the Fermi surface. The latter phase is computed in the example of two-color QCD with a color singlet diquark condensate. In contrast to the normal and Higgs phases, neither electric nor magnetic screening masses appear in the singlet phase. The absence of a magnetic mass, within a perturbative framework, is a consequence of proper treatment of gauge invariance. While at large momenta the gluon self-energies approach those in the normal phase, the medium contributions to the infrared region below a scale of the mass gap are substantially suppressed. Infrared gluons at low quark density in the singlet phase appear protected from medium effects, unless the quark-gluon vertices are significantly enhanced in the infrared.

Kojo, Toru

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

On the Motion of Matter in Spacetime  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We argue that the geodesic hypothesis based on auto-parallels of the Levi-Civita connection may need refinement in theories of gravity with additional scalar fields. This argument is illustrated with a re-formulation of the Brans-Dicke theory in terms of a spacetime connection with torsion determined dynamically in terms of the gradient of the Brans-Dicke scalar field. The perihelion shift in the orbit of Mercury is calculated on the alternative hypothesis that its world-line is an auto-parallel of such a connection. If scalar fields couple significantly to matter and spinless test particles move on such world-lines, current time keeping methods based on the conventional geodesic hypothesis may need refinement.

T. Dereli; R. W. Tucker

2001-07-05T23:59:59.000Z

497

Neutrinos, Dark Matter and Nuclear Detection  

SciTech Connect

Solutions to problems in nuclear non-proliferation and counter-terrorism may be found at the forefront of modern physics. Neutrino oscillation experiments, dark matter searches, and high energy astrophysics, are based on technology advances that have may also have application to nuclear detection. The detection problems share many characteristics, including energy scales, time structures, particle-type, and, of course, the combination of high backgrounds and low signal levels. This convergence of basic and applied physics is realized in non-proliferation and homeland security projects at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. Examples described here include reactor anti-neutrino monitoring, dual-phase noble liquid TPC development, gamma-ray telescopes, and nuclear resonance fluorescence.

Goldstein, W H; Bernstein, A; Craig, W W; Johnson, M

2007-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

498

Friction and dilatancy in immersed granular matter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The friction of a sliding plate on a thin immersed granular layer obeys Amonton-Coulomb law. We bring to the fore a large set of experimental results which indicate that, over a few decades of values, the effective dynamical friction-coefficient depends neither on the viscosity of the interstitial fluid nor on the size of beads in the sheared layer, which bears out the analogy with the solid-solid friction in a wide range of experimental parameters. We accurately determine the granular-layer dilatancy, which dependance on the grain size and slider velocity can be qualitatively accounted by considering the rheological behaviour of the whole slurry. However, additional results, obtained after modification of the grain surface by a chemical treatment, demonstrate that the theoretical description of the flow properties of granular matter, even immersed, requires the detailed properties of the grain surface to be taken into account.

Thibaut Divoux; Jean-Christophe Géminard

2008-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

499

Antiproton Limits on Decaying Gravitino Dark Matter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report on constraints on the lifetime of decaying gravitino dark matter in models with bilinear R-parity violation derived from observations of cosmic-ray antiprotons with the PAMELA experiment. Performing a scan over a viable set of cosmic-ray propagation parameters we find lower limits ranging from $8\\times 10^{28}$s to $6\\times 10^{28}$s for gravitino masses from roughly 100 GeV to 10 TeV. Comparing these limits to constraints derived from gamma-ray and neutrino observations we conclude that the presented antiproton limits are currently the strongest and most robust limits on the gravitino lifetime in the considered mass range. These constraints correspond to upper limits on the size of the bilinear R-parity breaking parameter in the range of $10^{-8}$ to $8\\times 10^{-13}$.

Grefe, Michael

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

Firm leverage decisions: Does industry matter?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract We use a standard capital structure mode l to investigate the firm leverage decisions of 1620 companies listed in the Australian Securities Exchange (ASX) across a span of 13 years (2000–2012), dividing the sample into mining and other industries (non-mining). We also test for significant differences in leverage decisions between these two groups by applying a dummy variable approach. Our findings show that fundamental differences exist between mining and non-mining companies when making leverage decisions. We find evidence that mining firms are more sensitive to profitability and asset tangibility where neither profitability nor asset tangibility has significant association for non-mining firms. Overall results suggest that industry-type does matter for firms making leverage decisions.

Silvia Z. Islam; Sarod Khandaker

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z